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Full text of "Fifty years and over of Akron and Summit County [O.]"

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Cornell University Library 
F 499A3 L26 
Fifty years and over of AI<ron and Summit 

3 1924 028 848 864 
olin Overs 

The original of tiiis book is in 
tine Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 


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Summit County, 













:v^\jel. A\..,v ji_^ \c[^> 

; Entered, according to Act of Congress, / 
in the office of the Librarian of Congress, at / 
Washington, D. C, January 17, 1887, by / 
Samuel A. lane. / 

All Sights Reserred. / 



K \-.,0 


Autobiography of Author 1— ;ill 

Preliminarj' Remarks 31 

CHAPTER I.— Akron's Beginning-Ancient Middlebury— A Visit from DeWitt 
Clinton— Commencement and Completion of the Ohio Canal— First Boat to 
Cleveland— Dr. Crosby and his " Ditch "— " Thunder from a Cloudless Sky "— 
The Doctor's " Goose Pasture " Prophecy— The New Village of " Cascade "— 
Bitter Triangular Rivalry- Spirited Guide Board "War— Early Manufactures 
Pioneer Hotels, Merchants, Etc., Etc 32—48 

CHAPTER II.— Akron Incorporated— First Charter Election— Early Mayors— The 
First a Venerable but Wealthy Quaker, the Second an Impecunious Lawyer 
" Kid " — Unsuccessful Speculations— Curious Law Practice — A "Moving" 
Defense— Successful Administration— Subsequent Maj'ors, Etc 4!l— 56 

CHAPTER III.— Early Crookedness— Confidence Games, -'Keg Money," Etc.- 
Unsavory Reputation — The," Gore-y" Battle Ground— Bitter PostOflfice Con- 
troversy—Scandalous Church Squabbles— Decadence of Middlebury and the 
South End — "Cascade" in the Ascendency — Succumbing to the Inevitable, 
Etc , 57-63 

CHAPTER IV.— The Boom and the Collapse— Poetr.i,- versus Fact— Speculation 
Rampant — Wonderful Enhancement of Values and still more Wonderful 
Decline — The Morus Multicaulus Craze — Immense Fortunes that Didn't 
Materialize— The Panic of 1837— Hard Times as was Hard Times— The Shin- 
plaster Era— Decidedly a Mixed Currency— The "Truck and Dicker" System, 
Etc 64-70 

CHAPTER v.— The "Cross-Cut" Canal— Charter Granted in 1827— Preliminary 
Survey— Eight Years' Slumber— Revival of Project in 1835— Ohio a Large 
Stockholder— Delayed by Panic of 1837— Push and Pluck of its Projectors- 
Successful Completion— Celebrating all Along the Line— Prosperity, Decline, 
Etc 71—79 

CHAPTER VI.— The Portage Canal and Manufacturing Company or " Chuckery ' 
Enterprise— A Mammoth Scheme— Superior Sagacitj- and Engineering t^kill 
of Akron's Great Benefactor, Doctor Eliakim Crosby— Rise, Progress and 
Collapse— Portrait and Life Historj' of its Projector, Etc.— An Instructive- 
Chapter 80-90 

CHAPTER VII.— Summit County— Six Years' Struggle Over its Erection— Rejoic- 
ing Over the Result— Preliminary Election and Organization- The County 
Seat Question— Akron, Cuyahoga Falls and the "Chuckery" Competitors- 
Akron Finally Wins the Prize— Public Buildings Erected— First Speech in 
the New Court House Made by ex-President John Quincy Adams— Improve- 
ments, Etc 91-108 

CHAPTER VIII.— Educational Matters— Pioneer Schools— " Model " Examination 
—Early Select Schools, High Schools, Etc. — The Union School System — A 
Distinctly Akron Institution but now Universal— A magnificent Educational 
Showing— Present Status of Akron's Splendid Public Schools,V lews of Build- 
ings, Portraits of Superintendents, Etc. — Buchtel College and its Promot- 
ers, Presidents, Officers, Etc 109-167 

CHAPTER IX.— Akron's Literary Achievements—" Lyceum and Library Asso- 
ciation" Chartered in 1834— "Philo Lexion Society" 1836-40 — "Akron Literary 
Association"— "Akron Lecture Association "—"Akron Library Association" 
—Akron Mechanics' Library, Akron Public School Library, Akron Free 
Public Library— Young Men's Christian Association Reading Room, Lee- 
tures, Etc - 1««-1S^ 

CHAPTER X.— Akron's Churches-Pioneer Religious Organizations— Successes 
and Reverses — The Various Sects Very Largely Represented — Views of 
Several Early Church Structures and a Number of Modern Houses of Wor- 
ship—Portraits of Several Representative Ministers With Brief Biographies 
-Church and Sabbath School Statistics, Etc 188-214 


CHAPTKR XI.— Akron Truly a Literary Center— Ancient Middleburj- the Pioneer 
with the "Portage Journal" In 1825-The "Akron Post" of 1836-The "Ameri- 
can Balance" ot 183B— The "Akron Buzzard" of 1837— The "Akron Journal" of 
1836, '37— The " Summit Beacon" of 1839, and the Various Literary and News- 
paper Ventures to the Present Day. An Interesting Chapter 215 231 

CHAPTKR XII.— Akron's Burial Places— The Old Sixth Ward Cemetery of 1808— 
The Spicer Cemetery 1813 to 1870— The Original North Akron or " Dublin " 
Burying Ground of 182o-The Akron Rural Cemetery 1838 to Present Time— 
The New Sixth Ward Cemetery— The Several Church Cemeteries of the 
City— Superintendent's Lodge and Memorial Chapel and Other Fine Views in 
Akron Rural Cemetery, Officers of Association and Superintendents— Some- 
thing About Public Parks, Etc 232— 259 

CHAPTER XIII.— Akron and Portage Township Civil Service— Town, \'illage. City 
and Township Local and General Public Officers for Over Half a Century 
—A Highly Honorable Record Without a Single Case of Malfeasance Known 
Among the Hundreds of Official Incumbents— Portraits, Biographies 260—309 

CHAPTER XIV.— Public Illumination— The Original "Tallow Dip" Followed 
by Sperm Oil, Lard Oil, Coal Gas, Petroleum and Electricity— Local Trans- 
portation, Herdics, Horse Cars, Electric Cars, Etc.— Fuel Gas, and Other 
Modern Improvements- Akron Fully Abreast With the Times 310—314 

CHAPTER XV.— Akron's Postal History— Ancient Middlebury's Early and Suc- 
cessive Postmasters to Present Time — First Postmaster of Akron Proper — 
Youthful Mail Carrier — Successive Postmasters of Akron for Sixty Years, 
With Portraits of Several— Scramble for the "Spoils" Under Successive 
Administrations— Wonderful Growth of Postal Business— Free Delivery Sys- 
tem, Etc 315—329 

CHAPTER XVI.— Akron's Fires— Hundreds of Houses, Churches, Stores, Shops, 
Mills, Etc., Destroyed— Millions of Dollars' Worth of Property Consumed— 
Incendiarism Rampant — The Bucket Brigade — The Old Crank and Brake 
Engines — The Tireless Steamer — List of Akron's Principal Fires for Over 
Half a Century— A Chapter Full of Instructive Information 330—349 

CHAPTER XVII.— Akron, Middlebury and Portage Township Military History, 
Ancient and Modern— Early Army and Civil Military Operations— Brilliant 
Record in the War of the Rebellion— Later Local Military Affairs— A Mag- 
nificent Showing 350 — (46 

CHAPTER XVIII.— Ancient and Modern Akron Contrasted— Early Business and 
Industrial Status— What Horace Greeley Said of Us in 1843— Greeley a True 
Prophet— The Boom that Came to Stay— From Village to City- An Indus- 
trial, Commercial, Financial and Professional History Justly to be Proud of.. 447— 557 

CHAPTER XIX.— Summit County's Tornadoes— The Stow Disaster of October 20, 
1837— Dwelling House Demolished and Four Persons Instantly Killed— The 
Sharon, Copley and Springfield Blow of April 8, 1890, Leaving Death and 
Desolation in its Track— Akron's Fearful Visitation of May 10, 1890, with Ten 
Graphic Ilhistrations- Barberton's Fatal Call, December 23, 1890, Etc 558—568 

CHAPTER XX.— Akron's First, Last and Only Homicide— The Sixth Ward Wife- 
Murder— Terrible Brutality of a Whisky-Selling, Whisky-Drinking Fiend 
—"Watt" Henry's Fatal Assault upon His Wife, Bridget Henry— Exciting 
Trial, Conviction, Life Imprisonment, Etc 569-576 

CHAPTER XXL— The "Irrepressible Conflict "—The Infamous Fugitive Slave 
Law— Every Man, Woman and Child a Bloodhound— Dastardly Attempt to 
Kidnap a Weil-Known Akron Barber, "Jim " Worthington— Prominent Citi- 
zens to the Rescue— The Slave-Catchers Foiled— Escape of "Jim" and 
Other Local Fugitives to Canada— An Intensely Interesting Chapter 577— 5S3 

CHAPTER XXII.— Our Own John Brown— "Old Ossawatomie "—Freedom's Hero 
and Martyr— Full Personal History with Life-like Portrait— Business Suc- 
cesses and Reverses— Free-State Operations in Kansas— Fatal Harper's 
Ferry Expedition— Capture, Trial, Conviction and Execution for Treason 
and Insurrection— A Thrilling Historical Episode 584—59'' 

Cri.\PTER XXIIL— The Canadian Patriot War of 1837-1839— " Hunter's" Lodges- 
General Lucius V. Bierce one of the " Leading Spirits "—Defeat, Execution 
and Banishment of Insurgents in the East— The United States Interferes— 
Commander-in-Chief Bierce Captures Windsor, Burns Barracks, Etc.— 
Defeat and Flight for Life— An Exciting International Episode 593—603 


CHAPTER XXIV.— Second Adventism— The End of the World Predicted in 
18i3— Great Excitement In Altron and Summit County— Miscalculation in 
Dates— The Final Catastrophe Postponed One Year— Still the Day of Doom 
will not Come— Attempts to Work Miracles— Feet-Washing and the HoU- 
Kiss— Spiritual Marriages, Etc.— Wonderful Power of Humbug 604— lil.i 

CHAPTER XXV.— The Geology of Summit County, by Professor Matthew Can- 
field Read, with Portrait and Biography of Author— Canyon Formation— 
Xature's Great Ice Plow, the Glacier— Structural Geology— Coal, Oil and 
Gas Measures, Etc— An Extremely Useful and Instructive Chapter 614— 6'.J0 

CHAPTER XXVI.— Summit County's Railroads — Early Railway History- 
Schemes that never Materialized— Successes and Reverses— Projects that 
Came to Stay— Present and Constantly Increasing Systems— The Chief 
Factor in Akron's Unexampled Prosperity— A Chapter Full of Interest 
to AH 621— IB!) 

CHAPTER XXVII.— The Township of Bath— Early Settlement, with Portraits of 
First and Subsequent Early Settlers— Pioneer Incidents and Perils— Civil 
Criminal, Military and Business Status, Past and Present— Educational and 
Religious Matters, Etc 640—1353 

CHAPTER XXVIII.— The Township of Boston— Early Settlement, Organization, 
Xame, Etc. — Indian and Other Pioneer Incidents — Ancient and Modern 
Military Prowess— A Splendid Record in the War of the Rebellion -Criminal 
Catalogue— Civil, Business, Educational and Religious Status— Portraits of 
Prominent Citizens, Soldiers' Monument, Etc 654— (i6il 

CHAPTER XXIX.— Daring Burglaries in Peninsula — .Singular Detection of 
Burglar— Arrest, Indictment and Ingenious Escape from Jail- Giving "Aid 
and Comfort" to Rebels— Confinement in Fort Lafayette— Return to his Old 
Quarters in Jail — Conviction and Nine Years' Iniprisoninent — Thoroughly 
Reformed, Etc 670-677 

CHAPTER XXX.— The ]»t-ninsula Wife Murder — Henry Iverst from Ambush 
Shoots his Wife upon the Public Highway— Terrible Excitement Among the 
People— Arrest, Trial. Conviction and Sentence— His Own Executioner by 
.Suicide— A Ghastlj' Spectacle 678— 6S.'i 

CHAPTER XXXI.— Boston's Last Great Sensation— The Washburn-Peoples Homi- 
cide — A Wronged Husband's Terrible Revenge — Preparations for the Bloodj' 
Deed — Arrest, Trial and Conviction of Murder in the Second Degree — 
Imprisonment for Life — Still Doing Penance after Twenty Years 684 — 6ii4 

CHAPTER XXXIL— Copley Township— Why so Named— Topography— The Big 
.Swamp — A Gamy Locality — Early Settlement, Organization, Etc. — Pioneer 
and Lciter Thrilling Incidents— Growth, Population and Business, Educa- 
tional, Religious, Civil and Military Status — The Bosworth Insane Homicide, 
Etc 693—705 

CHAPTER XXXIIL— "The State of Coventry "—Origin of Xanie— The Indian's 
Paradise— Settlement. Organization, Growth and Wonderful Prosperity- 
Mineral and Manufacturing Resources— The Reservoirs, When and Why 
Constructed — Early and Later Criminal Matters— Civil and Military Status — 
A Chanter Well Worth Perusal 706— 7:i4 

CHAPTER XXXIV.— Cuyahoga Falls, a Full History of its Beginning, Progress, 
Prosperity, Reverses, Etc.— Its Past and Present Business, Educational, 
Religious, Criminal, Civil and Military Status, with Portraits and Biogra- 
phies of Several Prominent Citizens, ei Number of Romantic Views, Etc 7'_'5— 7(i!l 

CHAPTER XXXV.— The Parks-Beatson Homicide — One of the Most Cold- 
Blooded Murders on Record— Exciting Chase after the Murderer— Capture, 
Trial, Conviction— New Trial Granted— Again Convicted, Executed, Etc.-- 
FuU History of the Case '■ 770— 7H'i 

CHAPTER XXXVI.— Franklin Township— Early Resources, Settlement, Busi- 
ness Centers, Civil, Criminal, Moral and Military Status— Portraits, Biogra- 
phies, Etc 784-7U5 

CHAPTER XXXVII.— Green Township— When and by Whom Settled— Organiza- 
tion— Mercantile, Educational, Military, Business and Criminal Matters— 
I^ersonal Biography, Etc 7iN)-»W 





CHAPTER XXXVIII— Hudson Township and Village— The Pioneer Township 
of Summit Counts', Founded in 1799-Perils by Water and by Land-Early 
Privatlons-The Grand Old Western Reserve College-Other Educational 
Institutions-Religious, Industrial and Military History-The Malony-Ste- 
pleton Homicide, Etc 

CHAPTER XXXIX.-Northarnpton- Indian and Frontier Matters-Settlement, 
Organization, Early and Modern Military Operations, Civil and Criminal 
Status-The Dunn-Whipple Homicide, Trial and Life Imprisonment of the 
Murderer— The Brooks-Tedrow Tragedy, Etc 

CHAPTER XL.-The Counterfeiters of the Cuyahoga-" Dan " and " Jim " Brown 
-Stupendous Financial Schemes-Successes and Reverses-Brilhant Oper- 
ations of "Dan" the Second-Wonderful Romance of Crime aio-sui 

CHAPTER XLI.-Noithfield - Early Settlement, Organization and Progress- 
The Vlers-Charlesworth Episode of 1826 - Wrongfully Accused of Crinie- 
The Mystery Pluckily Cleared Up-A Genuine Romance in Real Life 
Township Patriotism and Military Roll of Honor-Honorable Civil Service ^^^^ 
Record, Public Spirit, Etc 

CHAPTER XLII. — Northfleld's Second Great Sensation, The Murder of Catha- 
rine McKlsson by her Brother-in-law, David McKisson July 24, 1837— Pursuit, ^^ 
Trial, Conviction and Execution-A Highly Thrilling Narrative im-ni 

CHAPTER XLin.-Norton-Origin, Pioneer Experiences— Organization— Early 
" Queer "ness — Business Emporiums — Mad Pranks of Lunatic Merchant- 
Killing of Burglar by New Portage P. M.-The McLister-Welsh Homicide 
—Civil and Military Status-Portraits, Biographies, Etc "l** ^^^ 

CHAPTER XLIV.— The New Industrial City of Barberton— Wonderful Growth 
and Prosperity— Showing What Courage and Cash can Accomplish— Finely 

CHAPTER XLV— The Township of Richlield— Pioneer Inhabitants and Inci- 
dents—Successes and Reverses— Educational, Religious, Sivil, Military and 
Criminal Status— The Big Sleigh Ride of 1856-The Great Reunion of 1880— 
Present Business Status, Population, Etc 941- 9jj 

CHAPTER XL VI. — The Hunter-Gargett Tragedy — Love-Making by Proxy- 
Marriage Contract " Unsight Unseen" — Lover Jilted by Sweetheart — Fatal 
Revenge— Father and Mother of Girl Shot to Death — Narrow Escape of 
Young Lady Herself— Arrest, Trial and Execution of Murderer— Spicy Cor- 
respondence, Etc 950-978 

CHAPTER XLN'II.- Springfield Township — Early Settlement, Organization— 
Progress-Industrial, Educational, Religious, Patriotic, Etc.— The Murder of 
John Rhodenbaugh and Punishment of Murderers— The Roof-Musson Hom- 
icide— Exciting Trials— Imprisonment, Pardon, Etc 979— lUO'.' 

CHAPTER XLVIIL— Stow Township— Historical and Incidental — " Pioneer Mir- 
acle"— Wild Animals, Rattlesnakes, Indians, Etc.— Early Fatal Tornado- 
Double Fatal Episode of the Rebellion- Educational, Moral, Civil and 
Military Status — Portrait of Judge Joshua Stow and Other Prominent 
Citizens, Etc 1003-KB7 

CHAPTER XLIX.— Monroe Falls — One of the Early Booming Cities of Summit 

County — Rise, Progress and Decline — Protege Dude of Company Twice < ^ 
Convicted of an Infamous Crime— Escape From Jail; Secreted in Attorney's 
Cistern Six Weeks — Five Years in Sunny Italy — Return to America With 
Lola Montez-Death, Etc 1028-1035 

CHAPTER L.— Tallmadge Township— A Unique Arrangement of Roads, Lots. 
Etc.— A Projected " Utopia "—Hopes of Founder Blasted but Settlement 
Rapid and Township Prosperous— Industrial, Religious, Educational and 
Military Status-Biographical, Etc 1036—1059 

CHAPTER LI.— Twinsburg, the Latest Settled Township in Summit County- 
First Settler a Seven teen- Year-Old Boy— Derivation of Name— Rapid Prog- 
ress—Pioneer Incidents-Wonderful School History — Church, Official and 
Military Matters— Past and Present Business Status, Etc 1060—1079 

CHAPTER LII.— Summit County's Agricultural Society— Origin, Early Fairs, 
Changes ot Location, Hindrances, Successes, Etc. — Popular "Fountain 
Piirk"-Most Prosperous Local Fair in Ohio 1080-l(!Mi 


CHAPTER LIII. — Summit County's Benevolence — Early "Poor Houses"— Pur- 
chase of County Farm — Original Infirmary Buildings — New and Enlarged 
Structures— Greatly Improved Methods — The De Roo Hospital Bequest- 
Akron Charity Association— Mary Day Nursery, Etc 1087—1098 

CHAPTER LIV.— Labor Fifty Years Ago— History Repeating Itself-Early Dis- 
satisfaction, Strikes, Riots, Etc., as Now — Clamoring for a Ten Hour Day 
and Cash Payments- Combinations, Dissensions, Defeats, Successes, Etc. — 
An Interesting and Instructive Chapter 1099-1105 

CHAPTER LV. — Akron and Summit County in Calif ornia — The Great Exodus 
of 1849, '50— Dangers and Hardships of the Journey Thither— Incidents of 
Travel, Both Thrilling, Ludicrous and Sad— Successes, Disappointments 
and Deaths— A Chapter Full of Reminiscent Interest for All 1106—1110 

CHAPTER LVI.-Early Crimes and Other Incidents Within the Present Limits 
of Summit County — Captain Samuel Brady's Reputed Wonderful Leap for 
Life— Brady's Lake, Etc. — Shooting of Daniel Diver and Killing of Indian 
Nickshaw— Murder of Nathan Cummins in 1834, Etc 11-11 -1U7 

CHAPTER LVIL— Some Clever Local Detective Operations-How the Civil Offi- 
cers of a Third of a Century Ago Managed Things— Thieves, Burglars and 
Counterfeiters "Roped In" — Sheriff Lane, Himself Victimized — Slippery 
"Bob" Hurst, Etc.— A Brief but Interesting Chapter 1148-1159 

CHAPTER LVIIL— Miscellaneous— Portrait and Biography of Rev. William 
Frost Crispin— Something Further About Buchtel College — Death of Miss 
Myrtle Louisa Barker— Death of Treasurer Joy H. Pendleton — The Howard 
Street Disaster With View of Ruins, Etc 1162-1168 



Autobiography of Author ^ 30 

Author's Preliminary Statement 31 

Absolute Chemical Company — ^^^ 

Adams, John Quincy, Visit to Akron in 1843 107 

Advance, The 230 

^tna Furnace •IS 

AKRON— Beginning ; Why so Named 32 

As seen by Horace Greeley in 1843 f •. 447 

As seen by Henry Howe, Historian, in 1846 447 

As shown by Parallel Views-1853— 1891 448 

Additions to 449 

Annexation of Middlebury 449 

Ancient and Modern, Contrasted 447—457 

Abstracters of Titles 521 

Architects 511 

Bakers 510 

Banks and Finances 538 

Barbers 510 

Belting Company 471 

Blacksmiths 511 

Brass Band— 1840 444 

Book and Stationery Stores 518 

Boom and Collapse— 1835— 1845 64 

Boot and Shoe Stores 527 

Board of Education, 1847 to 1891 145 

Board of Education— Presidents 147 

Board of Education— Secretaries 147 

Board of Education— Treasurers 147 

Bounty Fund Surplus 176 

Branch Railroad 623 

Building and Loan Association 544 

Burial Places 232—259 

Buzzard 217 

Cabinet and Building Company 492 

Cart Works 502 

Carriage Makers 521 

Cereal Operations 55i 

Chemical Company 498 

China and Glassware Dealers 520 

Church History 188 — 214 

Cigar Company 508 

City Clerks 278 

City Councilmen 268 

City Engineers 282 

City Marshals j278 

City Mayors 278 

City Solicitors 282 

City Street Commissioners , _ 282 

City Guards 429 

City Organization 449 

City Times ... 226 

Clothing Dealers 52o 

Coal Dealers , 528 

Cold Spring Company , 45I 

Commercial , 228 

Confectioners 52o 

Congressmen 308 

Constitutional Delegates . 309 

Contractors and Builders , 509 

Cooper Shops ,.., ,,,..,...,,,. ,^,,,,, ,,,,,.,.,„,,.,,, 5;^ 


AKRON County Officials 298—307 

Crockery Dealers 520 

and Canton Railroad 623 

and Chicago Junction Railroad , 638 

Daily Argus 227 

Daily Beacon , . , . . 221 

Daily Beacon and Republican 222 

Daily News 228 

Daily Republican 228 

Daily Telegram 228 

Drafts during the War— 1861— 1865 417 

Drug Stores 527 

Dry Goods Stores 516 

Eagle - 223 

Electric Company . , 501 

Engraving Company , 537 

Educational History 109—167 

Electric Street Lighting 312 

Electric Street Railway 313 

File Works 498 

First Building 38 

First Church Building 189 

First Election 49 

First Mayor, Councilmen, etc 50 

First School House 110 

First High School Building 122 

Fire History '. 330-349 

First and Only Homicide 569 

Fire Brick Company 475 

Free Democrat 224 

Free Public Library 178 

Freie Presse 227 

Fruit Dealers 528 

Fuel Gas Company 314 

Funeral Directors 528 

Gas Company 310 

Germania 227 

Grain Dealers 518 

Great Exodus to California- 1839~'40 1109 

Grocery Merchants 523 

Hardware Company *98 

Hardware Merchants 520 

Harness Makers 510 

Hat, Cap and Furnishing Stores 525 

Heat, Light and Power Company i98 

Heating and Ventilating Company 498 

Home Guards 395 


. ...: 78 



Hydraulic Compan3' ■ 


Institute '^^ 

Insurance Agents ■ ^29 

Iron Company •' *^° 

Jewelers ^^^ 

Journal 21fi 

Knife Works *™ 

Lawyers »1 

Lecture Association ■'■'° 

Library Association 

Library Association Officers 183 

Literary Association Officers 171 

Lyceum and Library Association 168 

Light Infantry ^ 

"Live Dutchman" *51 

Machine and Repair Shops 510 

Meat Markets ^29 

Mechanics' Library ■ ^^^ 

Merchant Tailors • 510 

Military History 33U-M6 

viii. CONTENTS. 

AKRON Milliners ^^ 

Milling Company *^ 

Mining Company-18i9 ^ 

Ministerial Association ~* 

Musical Organizations mc_9qi 

Newspaper History ^ 

Notion and Fancy Stores ^ 

Novelty Manufacturing Company ""* 

Original "Eel Pot" ^*^ 

Painters and Paper Hangers "l" 

Paving Brick Company ^ 

Phllo Lexion Society ^^^ 

Pliotographers °® 

Physicians ^** 

Pioneer Boat Yard *^ 

Pipneer Lumber Yard • ^^ 

Pioneer Planing Mill *^ 

Pioneer Sash Factory *^ 

Pioneer Street Railway ^^ 

Plumbers ^25 

Popular Lecture System 187 

Population *^1 

Postal History 315-329 

Presidential Electors 308 

Printing Houses 534 

Printing and Publisiiing Company 534 

Public Parks 255 

Post 216 

and Portage Township 260—369 

and Perrysburg Railroad— 1836 622 

Queensware Company 481 

Real Estate Dealers 528 

Reed and Rattan Company 502 

Rifles 351 

Rural Cemetery 235 

and Richmond Railroad 622 

Rolling Mill 468 

Rubber Works 469 

Savings Bank 443 

School Law 116 

Second Election 51 

Second Mayor, Council, etc 52 

Second High School Building 123 

Security and Indemnity Company ^4 

in State Legislature 307 

in State Senate 308 

Soap Company 508 

Sewer Pipe Company 477 

Shoe Company 516 

Silver Plate Company 502 

Steam Forge Company ^ 471 

Stoneware Agency 481 

Stoneware Company 481 

Stove and Tinware Dealers 321 

and Summit County in California 110(3 

Tool Company 496 

Town and Village Attorneys 267 

Town and Village Marshals 263 

Town and Village Mayors 263 

Town and Village Recorders 265 

Town and Village Treasurers 267 

Town and Village Trustees 260 

Township OiHcers 297 

Union Depot (old) 626 

Union Depot (new) 628 

, Vitrified Pressed Brick Company 4g3 

Water Supply 45j 

Water Works Company 452 

White Sand Company 502 



Akron Wholesale Grocery Company 512 

Akron Woolen and Felt Company 4gg 

Allen, David and Jesse, Pioneer Manufacturers 44. 

Allen, Frank P., Printer 577 

Allen, Jacob, Early Manufacturer and Miller 293 

Allen Mills 459 

Ailing, Ethan XQgl 

American Balance 247 

American Cereal Companj' 457 

American Crayon Company 593 

American Democrat 223 

American Farm News 230 

American Marble and Toy Company 484 

American Sewer Pipe Company 479 

American Straw Board Company 938 

American Tin Plate Company , 508 

Angel, Miss Harriet N., Teacher 424 

Art Preservative of All Art 534 

Ashley, " Col." William gg7 

Atlantic and Great Western Railway 628 

Aultman, Miller & Co 466 

Babcock's Band 445 

Bank Charter Applied for-1837 45 

Banks, Finances, etc 538 

Baker, McMillan Company 474 

Bakers 511 

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad 631 

Bank of Akron .' 543 

Barbers 511 

BARBERTON, New City of 936 

Land Company 937 

Manufacturers 938 

Barber Match Company 461 

Barrel Factory Fire 1153 

Barris-Cummins Homicide 1116 

Barker, Myrtle Louisa, death of 1163 

BATH TOWNSHIP, History of 611-653 

Pioneer Settlers 641 

Manufactures 641 

In War of 1812 642 

Organization, Name, etc 644 

Civil Service Record 645 

Military History s, 647 

as " Railroad Center " 648 

Early Crookedness 649 

Educational and Religious Status 652 

Population 652 

Present Official Roster- 1891 653 

Beach, Thomas Parnell, Teacher 115 

Beacon and Republican 222 

Belding, Miss Lucy E., Teacher 131 

Bennett, Mrs. Sarah P., Teacher 129 

Bernard, Harriet Amanda, Teacher 124 

B. F. Goodrich Company 469 

Blerce, General Lucius V 593 

Bierce Cadets • ■ • ^28 

Bierce Cadets, Dismissal from Service 430 

Big Falls, Cuyahoga River 84 

Bissell, Rev. Samuel, Teacher 1070 

Blacksmiths, in Akron 511 

Bitter Church Controversy— 1837 39 

Bitter Postoffice War— 1837 r ^1 

Boat Building in Akron 192 

Books and Stationery . 
Boots and Shoes 



BOSTON TOWNSHIP, History of 554— 68i 

Village of 654 

Pioneer Settlers ' 657 

Organization, Name, etc 658 

Early Marriages, Births, Deaths, etc , 659 

Pioneer Experiences 659 

Military Prowess 660 

Roll of Honor 661 

Soldiers' Monument . . . , 663 

Industries 663 

Civil Service Status 664 

Crookedness 666 

Schools, Churches, etc 668 

Present Official Roster— 1891 668 

Population 659 

Postmasters ., 669 

Triple Burglary , 670 

First Great Sensation 678 

Last Great Sensation 684 

Bounties, Quotas, Drafts, etc 409 

Bounty Jumpers 428 

Bounty Tax Law 418 

Brady, Captain Samuel, Narrative of 1141 

Brady's Lake 1144 

Brady's Leap 1142 

Brigger Belting Company 502 

Brittain .886 

Brown, "Jim" and "Dan" 876 

Brown, John—" Old Ossowatomie" 584 

BUCHTEL COLLEGE, History of : 149—167 

Breaking Ground 153 

Laying Corner Stone, Address by Horace Greeley 153 

Faculty-1891-'92 161 

Presidents of 159—161 

Course of Study ' 161 

Board of Trustees of 161 

Officers of Board 161 

Professorships 163 

Finances 164 

Crouse Gymnasium 162 

Science Building 165 

Fatal Disaster 165 

Addenda '. 1163 

Athletic Grounds 1164 

Cadets m 

Buchtel, Mr. and Mrs. John R., Portraits of 150 

Buckeye Sewer Pipe Company ^yg 

Budd, Townsend C, Machinist 49g 

Burglar Neatly Nabbed jjg^ 

"Butternut" Demonstration— 1863 ^^ 


Caldwell, Charles G j^m 

California, Goldseekers of 1849-'50 mg 

California, Perils of the Journey to 2128 

California, Akron's Bonanza King ..• ,,00 

California, Ups and Downs -l^gg 

Camp, Miss Lizzie, Teacher -o, 

Cainpbell, Miss Emma, Teacher ■ ,og 

Canadian Copper Company _.. 

Canadian Patriot War-l&37-'39 ..^^.... koq 

Canal Dover Paving Brick Company iyjn 

Canfleld, Horace G L,. 

Capron & Curtice ,-„ 

Carothers, Miss Sarah J., Teacher , ' ,29 

Carleton, Will M., Memorial Poet o-o 

Cascade Mill Race ...'....■...................... .......] "^ 

Cascade, Village of _,„ 

Cascade House . 


Cascade Store 43 

Cascade Roarer 225 

Charleroi Plate Glass Company 508 

Cheap Popular Errtertainnients 187 

Chittenden, Henry 39 

" Chuckery," History of 80 

"Chuckery" Race, View of 80 

Church, Miss Lavena, Teacher 124 

CHURCH, Central Presbyterian 214 

First Congregational ISO 

Second Congregational 180 

West Congregational 211 

Christian Science 213 

Calvary Evangelical 207 

First Presbyterian » 188 

First Methodist Episcopal ISl 

First Baptist 194 

First Universalist 19fi 

St. Paul's Episcopal 198 

High Street Church of Christ 201 

Grace Methodist Episcopal , 201 

First German Reformed 202 

Grace Reformed 204 

German Zion Lutheran 204 

Sixth Ward Church of Christ 205 

Trinity Lutheran 206 

German Methodist 206 

United Brethren 206 

St. Bernard's 209 

St. Vincent de Paul's 207 

Akron Hebrew Congregation 210 

African M. E. Zion 212 

Shiloh Baptist 212 

Trinity Reformed 212 

Xorth Hill M. E '. 212 

Wabash Avenue Church of Christ 213 

South Main Street Church of Christ 213 

Sherbondy Hill Church of Christ 213 

Evangelical Lutheran 213 

Swedish Evangelical Lutheran 214 

Old Forge Congregational Sunday School 213 

Clark, Henry, Akron's First Hotel-keeper 38 

Clothiers, Hats, Caps, etc 520 

Clarendon Hotel 523 

Cleveland, Akron and Columbus Railroad 625 

Cleveland and Pittsburg Railroad .*. . 623 

Cleveland, Mt. Vernon and Delaware Railroad 625 

Cleveland, Zanesville and Cincinnati Railroad 625 

Cleveland and Canton Railroad 635 

Clinton, Governor De Witt, Visit to Akron in 1825 38 

City National Bank 540 

Citizens' Savings and Loan Association 540 

Civil Engineers 530 

Coal Dealers 528 

Cobb, Charles B., Pioneer Hotel-keeper 45 

Codding, Miss Elsie A,, Teacher , 123 

Coffman, Miss Rebecca, Teacher 124 

Cohn Manufacturing Company 502 

Collapse of the Rebellion 424 

Commercial Matters .' 512 

Comniins & Allen ^. 455 

Company B, Eighth Regiment O. A'. G 436 

Company B, Official Roster 440 

Company B, at Presidential Inauguration, 1889 441 

Cone, Rev. Orello, D. D 160 

Confectionery Dealers G20 

Cook, Fairbanks & Co 481 

Cooper, Samuel F., Early School Superintendent 126 

gpoper BripK Company ....,,,.,, , ,..,,,,,,,,,,,,:,,.,,.,..,,,,.,., ^^^ 


C ooper bhops g^ 

Cooper, Jack, alias Samuel Wittum, Execution of i!0^-7m 

COPLEY TOWNSHIP, History of ^^^ ™^ 

Starting Point , , 

Swamp-The Great Hunt °^ 

Swamp— Danger, Death, etc 

Why so Named °^ 

When and by Whom Settled °°' 

*^ • J ■ . . 698 


Growth, Population, etc ^°° 

Business Status „^ 

Early Temperance Society '"; 

Schools, Churches, etc l^ 

War Record l^ 

Civil Service Record ™ 

Railroad Facilities ^^ 

Present Official Roster (1891) :■■•• '^ 

Sad Insane Homicide 

Cotter's Battery, O. L. A • ™° 

COVENTRY TOWNSHIP, History of ™ -nfi 

Aboriginal "Garden of Eden" '^ 

Early Settlement '^"' 

Organization, etc 

Why Called "The State" of J"^ 

Early Homicide ™^ 


Industrial Resources I 

Milling Operations— The Old State Mill ''^^ 

Ancient Metropolis "^ 

Military History '^^^ 

Civil Service Record ™ 

Growth, Population , etc '"" 

Indian Traditions 3^ 

Early Crookedness '"^ 

Last Sad Homicide "^ 

Present Official Record (1891) '^'^ 

County Seat Contest-1840-1813 102 

County Seat, Election for IW 

Court House and Jail 105 

Court House, View of 105 

County Jail, Shabbiness of 100 

County Jail, Escape From 106 

Crispin, Rev. William Frost 1162 

Crosby, Doctor Eliakim, Sketch of 41 

Crouse Gymnasium 162 

Cummins, Nathan, Murder of 1146 

Counterfeiters of the Cuyahoga 876 

CUYAHOGA FALLS, History of 725—769 

Early Settlement 725 

Pioneer Mills 725 

Why so Named , 726 

Pioneer Paper Mill 727 

Magnificent Water Power 728 

Early Residents 729 

Early Business Matters 739 

"Ahead of Chicago " 731 

Shinplaster Mill (1838) 731 

Later Banking Operations 732 

Pioneer Temperance Society in Ohio 733 

Whisky' Strike , 734 

Municipal Organization 735 

Township Organization 735 

Portage Mutual Insurance Company 737 

One Year a County Seat 737 

Educational Matters 738 

Church History 74q 

Temperance Crusade 743 

Musical, Fraternal, etc 745 

Fine Pleasure Resort ; 74g 

Newspapers 748 

CONTENTS. xiii. 

CUYAHOGA FALLS, Military History 750 

Soldiers' Monument 753 

Criminal Status 754 

Barly Births, Marriages, Deaths, etc .■ 755 

Public Buildings 755 

Library, Lyceum, etc 755 

Population 757 

Fires 757 

Civil Service Record 761 

Present Business Status (1891) 763 


Detection of Crime in the Early Days 1148 

D. F. Morgan Boiler Company 497 

Diamond Drill and Tool Company 497 

Diamond Fire Brick Works 475 

Diamond Match Company 464 

Diamond Plate Glass Company 508 

Diver, Daniel, Shooting of 1144 

Dodge, Col . Sebried, Civil Engineer 42 

Dodge, Mrs. Susan E., Teacher 112 

Dodge, William M., Probate Judge 130 

Dow, James G., Early Akron Merchant 1139 

Doyle, William B 486 

Draft "Prize Winners" in War of Rebellion 412 

Drafts, Quotas, Bounties, etc 409 

Drop Hammer Forging Company 497 

Dry Goods, Akron Dealers in 516 

Drugs and Medicines, Dealers in 527 

" Dublin "—North Akron's Early Cognomen 39 

r>ucklng Rebel Sympathizers 411 

Dussel, Miss Lida M., Teacher 131 


Early Crimes and Incidents 1141 

Early Crookedness , 57 

Early Hotels 37 

Early High Schools 113 

Early Schools, Teachers, etc HI 

Early Select Schools 112 

E. H. Merrill Company 480 

Eighth Regiment, O. N. G 436 

Eighth Regiment Band 445 

Eighty-fourth Regiment, O. V. 1 417 

Elwood Land Company 509 

Empire Reaper and Mo-wer Works 467 

Enterprise Manufacturing Company 497 

Eves, Parvin 1022 

Ewart, J. C. & Co., Roofing Tile Works .• 483 

Ewing & HoUinger, Builders 292 

Excelsior Reaper and Mower Works 467 

Exchange Bank 539 

Executions at Wooster and Ashland 436 


Filley, Homer, the Killing of 1020 

First American Locomotive 620 

First Draft During the War 410 

First National Bank of Akron 539 

First Ohio Light Artillery 384 

Fifth U. S. (colored) Infantry 405 

Fifty-Eighth Regiment, O. V. I 386 

Fifty-Fourth Battalion, O. N. G 396 

Flag Festival— 54th Battalion, Co. A 397 

Finances, Banks, etc ■ 538 

Forty-Second Regiment, O. V. 1 406 

Foster, Joseph W., Boat Builder 494 

Fountain Park 1084 

Free Democratic Standard , 221 


Free School Clarion ! 225 

Friction Matches, History of *59 

Fruit Dealers in Akron 528 

F. Schumacher Milling Company ^^5 

Fugitive Slave Law 578 

Funeral Directors in Akron 528 

Furniture Dealers 525 

FRANKLIN TOWNSHIP, History of 781 

Where Located , 784 

Water Courses, Lakes, etc ''*' 

Resources 785 

Early Village Failures 785 

Early Business Emporiums 785 

Three Villages in One 786 

The Village of Clinton 786 

The Village of Manchester 786 

Business Status 786 

Organization 788 

Industries 788 

Military Matters 788 

Criminal Matters ' , 790 

Civil Service Record 793 

Population, etc 794 

Present OfScial Roster (1891) 795 


Garfield Obsequies 436 

Gargett, Mr. and Mrs. Robert, Murder of 956 

Gargett, Chloe E., Daughter of Above 956 

Garrett, John O., California Forty-Niner 1110 

Geology of Summit County 614 

German Guard, Com pany Buchtel 443 

German Lutheran School 135 

Gilbert, Miss Mary, Teacher 123 

Globe Sign Company 508 

Glover, Prof. N. L., Musical Instructor 134 

Goodrich Hard Rubber Company 469 

Gothic Block, Howard Street 63 

Graded School System 116 

Graham, Joseph Gilbert, Teacher 122 

Graham, William, the Stow Homicide 1018 

Grain Dealers in Akron 518 

Great Western Band 446 

Great Western Railway 622 

Greele, Samuel S., Teacher 115 

Greeley,' Horace ; 155 

Grocery and Provision Dealers 5vj3 

Guide Board War, in the Early Days 46 

Green Township's Hundred-Day Men 401 

GREEN TOWNSHIP, History of 796 

Early Settlement 796 

Indian Experiences 797 

Topography, Resources, etc ■. .' 788 

Business Centers 800 

Industries ."^ 801 

Educational Matters 800 

Electoral Matters 802 

Criminal Catalogue 802 

Military History 807 

Civil Service Record 809 

Present Township Officers (1891) 810 


Hall, Philander D., Akron's Pioneer Merchant 46 

Hankey Lumber Company i90 

Hanscom, Lewis 1138 

Harper's Ferry, Capture of 589 

Hardware, Dealers in 520 

Harness Makers ,,,,,,. ■.,,.,>,,,,,,,,,,, 51Q 


Hftrt, Capt. Joseph, Middlebury Pioneer 33 

Hartford City Plate Glass Company 508 

Hats, Caps, etc., Dealers in 525 

Hawkins, Miss B. M., Teacher 112 

Heathman— Heathtnan Homicide 709 

Herrick & Son, China, Glassware, etc 516 

High Street Church of Christ, View of 1167 

High School Dedication (1853) 123 

Hill & Adams Sewer Pipe Company 476 

Hill, Foster & Company 476 

HiU, Merrill & Company 476 

Hill, Powers & Company , 476 

HIU Sewer Pipe Company 477 

Hole, Prof. Israel P., Educator 125 

HoUinger, Miss Annie M., Teacher 130 

Home Building & Loan Association 544 

Howard, Charles W 69 

Howard, Frank D .^ 498 

Howard Street Disaster, November 7, 1891 1164 

Howe, Capt. Richard 117 

Hower Oatmeal Mills 457 

Hoy, Judge John 98 

Hotels 528 

Hubble, Miss M. E., Teacher 114 

Hugill & Briggs, Brick Manufacturers 484 

Hunjphrey Turbine Company 505 

Hundred and Eighty-Eighth O. V. 1 407 

Hundred and Fifth O. V. 1 405 

Hundred and Fifteenth O. V. 1 371 

Hundred and Fourth O. V. 1 368 

Hundred Day Men, O. N. G. (1864) 396 

Hundred and Ninety-Seventh O. V. 1 404 

Hundred and Seventh O. V. 1 387 

Hundred and Seventy-Seventh O. V. 1 407 

Hundred and Sixty-Fourth O. V. 1 400 

Hundred and Twenty-Fifth O. V. 1 404 

HUDSON, Pioneer Township in Summit County 811—850 

David, First Settler in Summit County 812 

The Long and Perilous Journey to 812 

Early Settlers '■■■, 816 

Organization, Name, etc ^ 817 

First Born White Child 818 

Indian Experiences 818 

Religion, Churches, etc 820 

Educational Matters 823 

Western Reserve College 824 

Railroad Enterprises 834 

Business Status 836 

Population 839 

Municipal Officers 840 

Newspapers °*^ 

War History 843 

Civil Service Record 846 

Present Village and Township Officers (1891) 848 

Criminal Matters 849 

Hinckston, the Fire Bug 849 

The Maloney-Stepleton Homicide 850 

Hunter, John H., the Richfield Double Homicide 974 

Hunter-Gargett Tragedy, History of 956 

Hurst, "Bob"— Sharp Evasion of Justice 1158 



Insurance Agencies "" 

"Irrepressible Conflict " 577 

Issue, The ^ 

Italian Orchestra •""' 



Jackson, George C, & Co 537 

Jackson 6c Lyman ^^ 

J. C. McNeil Company C *^ 

J. F. Seiberllng & Company 467 

Johnny Cake Lock 655 

Johnson, Harvey H 61 

Jones "Wholesale Grocery Company 516 

Joyce, M. & A. C, Teachers 112 


Kansas— Freedom versus Slavery 588 

Keating's Orchestra 445 

"Keg Money" _ 57 

Kerst, the Peninsula Homicide 578 

Kilpatrick, Hugh, Death of 1020 

King, Judge Leicester 557 

King Varnish Company 474 

Klages Coal and Ice Company 508 

Knight, Lee R., Teacher 131 

Konkle's Battery, O. L. A 385 

Kubler & Beck, Varnish Works 473 

Labor Fifty Years Ago 1099 

Ladies' Cemetery Association 341 

Lane, Luman 1064 

Latta, William, the Counterfeiter 651 

Lake Shore and Tuscarawas Valley Railroad 635 

Lantz's Orchestra 446 

Leggett, General M. D., Early School Superintendent 132 

Ley-S"wartz-Thomas Homicide 722 

Library Board of Control 186 

Line and Packet Boat Navigation 656 

Locof oco Matches 461 

Locof oco Party 462 

Lucifer Matches 461 

Lumber and Building Establishments 484 

Lyceum and Library Association 166 


Machine and Repair Shops 510 

Maloney— Stepleton Homicide 85o 

Marble's Band U5 

Markle & Inman, Stoneware 481 

Marriner Rifles 352 

Massillon Branch R. R 635 

Match Manufacture 450 

May, Andrews 123 

McArthur, Miss Jerusha, Teacher 124 

McCausland Brothers, Brick-Makers 484 

McCiellan, William A., Builder 492 

McCollester, Rev. Sullivan H., D. D 159 

McCready, Miss Margaret L., Teacher 129 

McMasters, Henry, II39 

McKisson Homicide, Trial, Execution, etc 908—917 

McMillan, Reuben, Early Manufacturer 45 

McMillen, John 39 

Mofiatt & McNeil ......[........ 

Meat Markets in Akron 

Mechanics' Association (1840) IIO2 

Mechanics' Library IIO3 

Mechanics' Political Organization (1848) IIO3 

Mechanics' Strike for Ten Hour Day (1845) IIO2 

Mechanics' Strike for Cash Payments (1845) 1102 

Mechanics' Strike for Higher Wages (1845) IIO2 

Members of Akron School Board, 1847 to 1891 I45 

Memorial Chapel , 245 


CONTENTS. xvii. 

Merrill, Powers & Company' 476 

Merchant Tailors of Akron 510 

Metropolitan Band 446 

Middlebury , Ancient Village of 32 

Niddlebury , Annexation to Akron '. 449 

Middlebury Cemetery Association 232 

Middlebury Mining Company (1S49) 1107 

Middlebury Township Officers 297 

Militia During the War , 426 

Miller Chain Works ' 474 

Millerism or Second Adventism 604 

Miller & Roche, Grocers 512 

Miller Match Company 474 

Millinery Stores in Akron 520 

Millheim 986 

Miscellaneous Regiments in Union Array 407 

Miscellaneous Trade and Traffic 530 

Modem Military Operations 446 

Mogadore, Village of V 984 

Moore, Milton, Trials and Tribulations of _. 994 

Morrow County Draft Riots '. 413 

Morus MulticauUs Craze 66 

Munificent Bounty Fund 423 

Munroe Falls, Village of 1028 

Munroe Falls, Boom and Collapse 1029 

Munroe Falls, Early Criminal Episode 1030 

Musical Instrument Dealers ■. 523 

Musson, Mrs. Harriet, Murder of 994 

Mustill's Orchestra 446 


Neracher Sprinkler Company 509 

Newberry, Henry, Sr 728 

Newberry, Henry, Jr 762 

Newberry, Miss Josephine, Teacher 128 

New York, Mahoning & Western R. R 636 

New York, Pennsylvania & Ohio R. R 631 

New York, Pennsylvania & Ohio R. R. Depot 627 

Nickshaw, John, the Killing of 1145 

Nineteenth Regiment, O. V. 1 357 

Ninth Battery, O. L. A 390 

Ninth Regiment, O. N. G 434 

Ninth Regiment, O. N. G., Merged in Eighth 436 

North Hill Band 446 

Notion and Novelty Dealers 520 

Norton, Capt. Aaron 33 

Noyes, Gov. Edward F., Memorial Orator 253 

NORTHAMPTON TOWNSHIP, History of 854—875 

Locality, Beginning, etc 854 

Indian and Frontier Matters 854 

Settlement, Name, etc 855 

Growth, Development, etc , 856 

Industrial Matters 858 

Organization, Population, etc 860 

Military History .■■ 861 

Civil Service Record 863 

Present Official Status (1891) 864 

Criminal Catalogue 864 

Dunn-Whlpple Tragedy 865 

Brook-Tedrow Homicide 873 

Sapp Treasury Robbery 1153 

NORTHFIELD TOWNSHIP, History of 898—917 

When and by Whom Settled 898 

Name, Organization, etc t 898 

Rapid Settlement 899 

Military Record 900 

Civil Service Status 901 

The Viers-Charlesworth Romance 903 

The McKisson Homicide 908 

xviii. CONTENTS. 

NORTON TOWNSHIP, History of 918-935 

Origin, Name, etc - ^^^ 

Karly , Settlement 918 

Business " Centers" ^20 

Early Crookedness • 922 

Ijunatic Merchant 922 

Postofflce Robber Killed 924 

Lost Child Excitement 925 

Military History 926 

Civil Service Record 828 

McLister-Welsh Homicide " 931 

Population, Present Official Roster, (1891; etc 935 


Ohio Canal, Letting Contracts 38 

Ohio Canal, Breaking Ground by De Witt Clinton 38 

Ohio Canal, First Boat to Cleveland 40 

Ohio Educational Monthly , 229 

Ohio Exchange 47 

Ohio National Guard (1864) 399 

Ohio National Guard, Guarding Coal Mines 430 

Ohio National Guard, Annual Encampments , 438 

Ohio Stoneware Company 480 

Olcott, Charles, Akron's Christener 35 

Old Maid's Kitchen, View of , 85 

Olmsted, Edwin Bigelow, Early Superintendent of Schools 123 

Oster-Kernan Homicide 792 

Overland Journey to California 1107 

Paige Brothers Company 516 

Paige Tube Company 509 

Painters and Paperhangers .■ 510 

Palmer, Charles W., Early Principal Akron Schools 122 

Panama Route to California ' 1108 

Panic of 1S37 66 

Parks-Beatson Homicide 771 

Patriotism and Pleasantry 418 

Pavilion House 45 

Payne, William H., Boat Builder ,^ 494 

Pease, Judge Calvin 36 

Pendleton, Joy H., Death of 1164 

PENINSULA, Village of "...'..,: 651 

Burglarized 670 

Homicide 678 

Official Roster (1891) , !....!.., y. ,!.... . 669 

Pennsylvania and Ohio Canal .' 71—79 

People's Monthly 228 

People's Savings Bank 544 

Perkins, Crosby & King 42 

Perkins School Igg 

Piano Tuners 523 

Picture Frame Makers 523 

Pittsburg, Akron and Western Railroad 637 

Pittsburg and Western Railroad 635 

Plumbers 525 

Polishing and Plating Company 502 

Pomeroy, Miss Helen, Teacher j22 

Pooler, Charles T., Early Superintendent of Akron Schools 125 

Portage Canal and Manufacturing Company 80 

Portage Furnace ^ 

Portage Journal -jj^g 

Portage Strawboard Company ggc 

PORTA(iE TOWNSHIP-Early Settlement .!...^. .... '^. ...'..'..'..!...'!..'.'.'.' .'^'.''' ^' ''''. 32 

Assessors 097 

Clerks 289 

Justices of the Peace ' 295 

Treasurers „gj^ 

Trustees 287 


Porter Zouaves 428 

"Powder Patch" 3083 

"Preliminary" 31 

Pryne, Miss Edfeetta, Teacher 123 

Quotas, Drafts, Bounties, Etc 406 


Railroads of Summit County 1)21—639 

Real Estate Agents .' 528 

Recruiting in Rebel States 420 

Regular Army Military Service 408 

Resistance to Draft ; 410 

Rexford, Rev. Everett L., D. D 159 

RICHFIELD TOWNSHIP, History of 041-978 

Organization 941 

Early Settlers 942 

Population 943 

Business Resources 944 

Rival Centers 944 

Education and Religion 954 

Military History 946 

Civil Service Record 947 

Big Sleigh Ride (1856) 950 

Great Reunion 951 

Lunatic Horse Thief 952 

Present Business Status (1891) 954 

Official Roster 955 

Hunter-Gargett Tragedy 956 

Robeson, W. E., the Farmer-Detective 1149 

Robinson Brothers & Co 478 

Rodenbaugh, John, Murder of 991 

Rood, Wilbur v.. Principal High School 128 

Rooang Tile Works 483 

Roof-Musson Homicide ^^i 

Roman Orchestra 446 

Root, George H., Teacher 124 

Roster Company B., Eighth Regiment, O. N. G 440 


Sanitary Aid Societies * 418 

Sapp, George, County Treasury Burglar 1152 

Sauter-Sheetes Homicide 791 

Sawtell, S. L,, Early Akron Teacher 112 

School Enumeration (1839)' 112 

School Enumeration (1888) 139 

School Enumeration (1890) 141 

School Graduates, 1864 to 1891 142 

Schools— Latin, Greek, Etc 144 

Schools— Teachers' Examinations in 1835 109 

School— Early Select High 115 

Scholarships in Buchtel College 145 

Schumacher Gymnasium Company < 504 

Seaman Manufacturing Company 5ns 

Second Ad ventism 604 

Second Draft during the War 416 

Second National Bank of Akron SS-* 

Second Ohio Cavalry 378 

Seiberling, J. F. & Co 4C7 

Seiberling Milling Company •-• 459 

Selle Gear Company ■ ^^l 

Semler-Kepler Homicide 804 

Seventy-Sixth Regiment, O, V. I 407 

Sewer Pipe Manufacturers , 475 

Sherbondy Hill Church of Christ 213 

Sheriff Lane Victimized llf>5 

Singular Boiler Explosion 621 

Sixth Battery Light Artillery ^ 131 



Sixth Battery at Washington Centennial. 

Sixth Battery Roster for 1891 

Sixth Independent Battery, O. L. A 

Sixth Battery Roster for 1891 ^ 

Sixty-Fourth Regiment, O. V. I ^^ 

Sixty-Seventh Regiment, O. V. I ^^ 

Smith Brothers ^ 

Soldiers' Memorial Chapel ^^ 

Soldiers' Surplus Bounty Fund ^'^ 

South Akron Flouring Mill. 


South End News ; 229 

South Main Street Church of Christ r 213 

Spicer, Amos, Early Portage Township Resident ^ 

Spicer, Maj or Miner, Akron's First Settler ^2 

Spicer Cemetery 232 

SPRINGFIELD TOWNSHIP, History of 979-1002 

Early Settlement ^^ 

Organization, Growth, Etc ^^ 

Population 981 

Topography, Resources, Etc ^82 

Pioneer and Indian Matters 983 

Villages, Hamlets, Etc '. 984 

Abolition Riot 986 

Educational Matters ^ 988 

Railroad Facilities 988 

Military History , 988 

Civil Service Record 1001 

Hundred-Day Men 401 

Present Official Roster 1002 

Murder of John Rhodenbaugh 991 

Roof-Musson Homicide 994 

" Squirrel Hunters " 376 

Star Drilling Machine Company , 498 

Steinbacher, Erhard 512 

St. Bernard's Parochial School 148 

St. Vincent De Paul's Parochial School 147 

Stone Mill 42 

Stoneware and Pottery Trade 479 

Storer & Barnhart 494 

Storer & Miller 494 

Stoves and Tinware 521 

Summit Sewer Pipe Company * 478 

Stow, Joshua, Original Proprietor of Stow Township, Portrait of 1003 

STOW TOWNSHIP. History 1003—1027 

A Pioneer Miracle 1003 

First Actual Settlers 1005 

Organization ; 1007 

Topography, Hydraulics, Etc 1007 

Beautiful Lakes 1008 

Industries 1008 

Education and Religion . . . ., 1009 

Fatal Tornado of 1837 1010 

Early Marriages, Births, Etc 1012 

Indians, Rattlesnakes, Etc 1012 

Bears, Wolves, Etc 1014 

Military History .' 1015 

Civil Service Record 1017 

■Terrible War Tragedy 1018 

Population, OiiHcial Roster, Etc 1037 

Stripe-Cooper Homicide 803 

Sultana Disaster 372 

Summit Beacon 219 

Summit City §0 

Summit City Boiler Works 496 

SUMMIT COUNTY, History of ...[................................ 91—108 

Abstract Company 544 

Agricultural Societies 1080—1086 

Benevolence 1087—1098 

Journal 226 

Railroads ■. 021—639 


Summit County Tornadoes.. ,. 558 

Summit Guards 350 

Summit House ' ,. ,. i^ 

Supplemental Draft ! 417 

Superintendent's Cemetery Lodge 243 

Surveyors 530 

Symphony Orchestra 446 


Tallmadge Hundred-Day Men 400 

TALLMADGE TOWNSHIP, History of | 1036-1059 

Portrait of its Founder, Rev. David Bacon 1042 

Early Settlers, Etc 1036 

Topography, Population, Etc 1040 

Name, Organization, Etc 1039 

Utopian Schemes Not Realized 1041 

Educational Matters 1043 

Pioneer Deaf and Dumb School 1044 

Church and Spiritual Matters 1045 

Coal Mining Interest 1048 

Early Railroad Enterprise 1049 

Manufactures 1050 

Clean Criminal Record 1054 

Military History 1055 

Honorable Civil Service Record 1057 

Present Business Status 1059 

Present Official Roster (1S91) 1059 

Tappan, Charles W 1110 

Taplin, Rice & Co 465 

Tee-Total Mechanic * 225 

Terrible Calamity " 454 

Thirty-Seventh Regiment, O. \'. 1 389 

Thomas Lumber Company 488 

Thomas Phillips Company .' 472 

Thomastown 896 

"Three Hundred Thousand More" 422 

Thyng, J. Warren, Teacher Drawing, Akron Schools 134 

Trade and Labor Journal 229 

Turner Band : 446 

Twenty-Ninth Regiment, O. V. 1 358 

Twine and Cordage Company 472 

TWINSBURG TOWNSHIP, History of 1030-1079 

Topography, Name, Etc .... ' 1060 

First Settler 1061 

Pioneer Incidents 1066 

Early Business Status 1067 

Church Matters 1068 

Educational History, Twinsburg Institute, etc 1070 

Military Operations 1072 

Soldiers' Monument 1073 

Locust Grove Cemetery 1076 

Pioneer Reminiscences 1076 

Civil Service Record 1078 

Present Business Status (1891) 1079 

Present Official Roster 1079 


" Underground Railroad " 579 

United States Baking Company 508 

United States Stoneware Company 481 

Upson, Dr. George C 1025 

Upson, Julius A 1025 

Upson, Dr. Daniel 1049 

Upson, William H 1058 


Valley Railway 631 

Vallandigham, Clement L 374 

Viers-Charlesworth Romance 1 903 

xxii. CONTENTS. 

Village Rivalries, 1833—1845 ^ 

Vitrified Sewer Pipe Ind ustry 475 

Voris, Judge Alvin C •, ■ • ■ 8-46 

Voris, Miss Annette, Teacher 123 

Voris, Judge Peter , 645 


Waltz, Miss Laura E., Teacher 133 

Washburn-Peoples Homicide "184 

AVatclies and Jewelry 518 

WearV, Snyder & Wilcox Manufacturing Company 485 

Webster, Camp & Lane Machine Company 464 

Weeks, Arthur J 481 

Weeks, Frederick H 4S1 

Weeks & Kingsbury 512 

Werner Printing & Lithographing Company 536 

W^estern Linoleum Company 508 

Western Reserve College ^ 821 

Wetmore, Judge William 1005 

Whitman & Barnes Manufacturing Company , 471 

Whitmore, Robinsons & Co = 479 

Wholesale Dealers in Akron 512 

William H. -Evans Building and Loan Association 544 

Williams, Paul, Akron's First Inhabitant 32 

Willis, Edward P 1030 

Wilson, Solon L 490 

Windsor Hotel 518 

Wise, Prof. J. O., Teacher Penmanship 134 

Wolcott, Hon. Alfred- 657 

Wolcott, Hon. Christopher P A 553 

Wolcott, Hon. Simon P .* 665 

\Volcott, Miss Lucretia, Teacher 122 

Wood and Provision Procession 419 

Worthington, "Jim," Akron's Fugitive Slave , .577 


Zanesville Street Railway Company 509 


Acadeinj' o£ Music, East Market Street, 1891 458 

Akron's First Scliool House, South Broadway, 183i ... Ill 

Alirou's First Hlgli Scliool Building, Soutii Summit Street, 1817 122 

Akron's Second High School Building (now Jennings) , 1853 123 

Akron's Present High School Building, 1891 135 

Akron's First Church Building, 1835 189 

Akron's First Fire Engine House, 1841 332 

Akron Saving's Bank, Mill and Main. 1891 513 

Akron, As it was in 1853, and as it is in 1891 US 

Allen School Building, South Main Street 131 

Arlington Hotel, West Market Street 453 

Baptist Church, Original, South Broadway, 1837 194 

Baptist Church, North High Street, 1853-1890 197 

Baptist Church New, South Broadway, 1890 195 

Barberton — Residence of Manager Land and Improvement Company 936 

Cleveland, Akron and Columbus Railroad Station 937 

Inn 938 

Houses for Workmen 939 

National Hotel 940 

Beacon Block, Corner Mill and Main, 1891 534 

Bell Tower, Akron Rural Cemetery 255 

Big Falls, Cuyahoga River 84 

Boston Township Soldiers' Monument 663 

Bowen School Building, North Broadway 131 

Buchtel College, East Buchtel Avenue, 1872 149 

Cemetery Lodge, from Glendale Avenue, 1891 213 

Lodge, Looking East 217 

View, Looking West from Robinson Monument, 1891 248 

View, Looking East from Perkins Lot, 1891 250 

View, Looking East, Miller's Pond 254 

View, Bell Tower 255 

View, Soldiers' Memorial Chapel 251 

View, Glendale Avenue, Looking West 216 

Central Fire Engine House, South High Street 349 

Children's Home, South Arlington Street 1091 

Chuckery Race, where it Emerges from River 86 

Chuckery Race, in Glens, below Cuyahoga Falls 768 

City Building, South Main Street 151 

Clarendon Hotel, Corner Main and Exchange 523 

Congregational Church (Old) 189 

Congregational Church (New) 191 

Companion Views of North Akron, from West Hill, 1853—1891 448 

Conger, Col. A. L., Fine Stone Residence, Irving Lawn 550 

Court House and Grounds Fronting on High Street 105 

Crosby School Building, Corner West and Smith Streets 130 

Crouse Gymnasium, Buchtel College 162 

Cuyahoga Falls, High Bridge Glens 747 

From Lower Dam, Looking Up 746 

Suspension Bridge in Glens 765 

Chuckery Race in Glens 768 

Old Maid's Kitchen 85 

Big Falls, From Old Chuckery Race 84 

View of Chuckery Race, where it Leaves River 86 

East Market Street, From Howard to Main, South Side (1845) 450 

From Howard to Main, South Side (1891) 459 

From Howard to Market, North Side, 1891 484 

From Main to High, South Side, 1855 460 

From Main to High, South Side, 1891 460 

From Main to High, North Side, 1864 458 

From Main to High, North Side, 1891 458 

xxiv. CONTENTS. 

Empire House, Corner Market and Main 7S- 

First Fire Engine House, Erected in 1841 332 

Fire Station, Number 1, Corner High and Church Streets 349 

Number 2, Sixth Ward 349 

Number 4, South Main Street 349 

First M. E. Church, Corner South Broadway and Church Streets 193 

German Lutheran Church, Old, 1835 189 

Lutheran Church. New, 1891 205. 

Lutheran Parochial School, 1891 148 

Reformed Church, Old, 1837 : 194 

Reformed Church, New, 1891 203 

Gothic Block, East Side South Howard Street, 1861 63 

Grace School Building, Corner Maple and Exchange Streets 13S- 

Glendale Avenue, Looking To"wards Cemetery 246 

Henry School Building, North Forge Street 132 

High Bridge Glens, Cuyahoga Falls 747 

High Street Church of Christ, New 1167 

Howard Street Collapse, November 7, 1891 1166- 

Howe School Building. Corner Bartges and St. Clair Streets 131 

Hundred Day Men Starting for Washington, 1864 458 

Hotel Buchtel 494 

Jennings School Building, Corner Summit and Mill Streets 123 

Kent School Building, South Arlington Street 132 

Leggett School Building, Corner Thornton and Sumner Streets 13a 

Memorial Chapel, Glendale Cemetery 251 

Miller's Duck Pond, From Cemetery 254 

Northeast Akron, View From West Hill 70 

North Howard Street, West Side, Old .^tna Mill in Distance, 1858 482 

North Howard Street, West Side, 1891 482 

North Main Street, Old P. & O. Canal 73. 

Ohio Canal and East Side, From Above Glendale Avenue 90 

Ohio Canal, Vie^w back of Stone Mill 259 

Ohio Exchange, Corner Market and Main, 1835—1853 450 

Old Maid's Kitchen, below Cuyahoga Falls 85 

Pennsylvania and Ohio Canal, South Main Street 72 

Pennsylvania and Ohio Canal, North Main Street 73. 

Pennsylvania and Ohio Canal, From Rear of Howard Street 74 

Perkin's School Building, West Exchange Street I30 

Railroads — Original Union Depot gog. 

New^ Union Depot * gog 

New N. Y., P. & O. Depot , ^I 

Valley Depot ^53^ 

Recruiting Scene at Beginning of War, in 1861 353. 

Schumacher Power Block, xxxix Index 

Sixth Ward, View from Tallmadge Hill, 1891 .........' ..... 231 

South Howard Street from Market, West Side, 1855 44g 

From Market, West Side, 1870 ......[..' 462 

From Market, West Side, 1891 462 

North from Cherry, West Side, 1872 309 

North from Cherry, East Side, 1872 ' 329 

North from Mill, East Side, 1891 486 

South Main Street, Market to Mill, Showing Court House, 1855 72 

From Rear of Howard, 1880 n. 

West Side, 1891 1 .............'!..'!..!...!!] 527 

Spicer School Building, Carroll Street J3j^ 

St. Bernard's (Catholic) Parochial School Building .^... ....'...... 148 

St. Paul's (Protestant Episcopal) Chapel, East Market Street .[.......... 199 

St. Vincent De Paul (Catholic) Parochial School 147 

Stone Block, Corner Howard and Market Streets, 1835—1849 .y.... ................ .[.... 450 

Summit County Infirmary ..j^oo 

Tappan Hall, Corner East Market and Main Streets, 1855 460 

Trussell Hall, Corner Bast Market and Maiden Lane Alley, 1855. 460 

Trinity Lutheran Church, 1891 206 

German Lutheran Parochial School, 1891 148 

Tornado of May 10, 1890, Overturned House of Antony Mennell, 175 Grant Street 561 

View East Side of Grant Street ggg. 

View of Burkhardt's Brewery ...]] rgo 

View of Brewery Dormitory 563 

Houses of Otto Miller and Frank Kuntz 563 


Tornado of May 10, 1890, Overturned Houses of August Miller and Allen Coup 564 

Grocery Store of Orrin C. Baker 565 

Ohio Stoneware Works , , 566 

Barn of Frank J. Knapp 566 

A. D. Alexander and Kate O'Connell 567 

Twinsburg's Soldiers' Monument 1088 

Universalist Church, Original Structure, 1837 197 

Universalist Church, New, Corner Mill and Broadway 197 

Valley Railroad Depot, West Market Street 453 

Water Works Pumping Station, Wooster Avenue, 1891 452 

Windsor Hotel, Corner Mill and Broadway 518 

West Congregational Church, Comer West Market and Balch 211 

^Vest Market Street From Howard, Old City Mill, etc., 1858 453 

West, Market Street From Howard, Arlington Hotel 453 


Abbey, Henry S 310 

Adams, Frank 318 

Alexander, John 650 

Alexander, J. Park 261 

Alger, David B 9i8 

Alger, General Russell A 555 

Allen, Albert 456 

Allen, George G 140 

Allen, Jacob 293 

Allen, Jesse 14 

Allen, Jonah 707 

Allen, Levi 708 

Bacon, Rev. David 1042 

Baird, Charles 274 

Baker, John W 183 

Baldwin, Captain Aaron P 366 

Baldwin, Frederick 827 

Baldwin, Harvey 818 

Baldwin, Mrs. Harvey 818 

Baldwin, Joseph A 478 

Bangs, Elisha N 1161 

Barber, Alfred M 515 

Barber, George 532 

Barber, Ohio C 533 

Bartges, Dr. Samuel W 545 

Bartlett, Albert A 277 

Bates, George D 539 

Battels, Benjamin F 538 

Beardsley, Talmon 39 

Beck, J. Martin 173 

Beebe, Joseph A 185 

Beebe, Oliver B 753 

Belden, Dr. Albert C 549 

Berger, Captain Darius F- 801 

Bernard Charles B 173 

Berry, George C 139 

Bierce, General Lucius V 414 

Biggs, Lester M Iil6 

Billow, Captain George 388 

Bissell. Rev. Samuel 1070 

BJiss, Ambrose \V 901 

Call, Moses D 1005 

Camp, Hezekiah 761 

Camp, William 1160 

Canfleld, Horace 224 

Cannon, Wilson B 301 

Carpenter, Judge James S 94 

Carter, Dr. Israel E 265 

Cartter, Hon. David K 552 

Case, James H 302 

Chalker, Newton 556 

Chandler, William 270 

Chapman, Dr. Byron 696 

Chapman, Dr. Mason 181 

Allen, Levi, Jr 720- 

Allen, Miner J 456 

Allen, William C 325- 

Allen, William T 177 

Ailing, Ethan 1061 

Allison, George 1050 

Allyn, Abel G 713 

AUyn, Israel 712 

Anderson, George M 286 

Andrew, Angelo 145 

Andrew, Robert L 303 

Atterholt, Frank M 137 

Bliss, Hon. George 5.51 

Bock, Philip P 262 

Bonstedt, Charles W 183 

Bowen, Hon. Hiram 219 

Bowen, Dr. William 134 

Bradley, Ariel 980 

Brewster, Alexander 300 

Brewster, George \V 718 

Brewster, Jonathan H 717 

Bronson, Hermon 656 

Bronson, Mrs. Hermon 656 

Bronson, Hiram Volney 658 

Broun, Rev. John B 209 

Brouse, Cornelius A 514 

Brown, Charles W 35 

Brown, Henry, H 300 

Brown, John 584 

Bryan, Judge Constant 115- 

Bryan, Captain Frederick C 410 

Buchtel, John 716 

Buchtel, John R 150 

Buchtel, Mrs. John R 150 

Buchtel, William 542 

Buckingham, Captain Edward 374 

Buckley, Col. Lewis P 359^ 

Bunn. David R 271 

Burlison, James 273 

Burnham, Sanford M 163 

Burton, Rev. Xathan S., D. D 195 

Chapman, Willis D 290 

Chase, Dr, Byron S 179 

Childs, Dr. Orln D '. 516- 

Christy, James 297 

Clark, Benjamin F 280 

Clarke, William L 261 

Cobbs, Charles S 285 

Coburn, Dr. Stephen H 545 

Cole. Dr. Arthur M 199^ 

Cole, Edmund H 661 

Cole, Herbert W 199- 

Cole, Dr. Joseph lis 

Collins, Charles A 175- 



Conimins, Alexander H 455 

Conimins. Dr. Jedediah D. 
Cone, Rev. Orello, D. D.... 

Conger, Col. Arthur L 

Conger, Mrs. Arthur L 

Conger, John C 

Conger, Kenjon B 

Conger, Sidnej' P 

Cook, John 

Day. Rev. William F., D. D. 

Dahliiian, Rev. Jacob 

Dick, Major Charles W. F... 

Dodge, Burdette L3'nde 

Dodge, Judge William M.... 

, 535 



Cook, Joseph 144 

Cooper, Gen. Sanmel F 126 

Cornell, Thomas \V 541 

Crispin, Rev. William F 1162 

Crosby, Dr. Eliakirn 41 

Crouse, Hon. George W 152 

Crumrine, Martin H 459 

Curtiss, Augustus 665 

Cutter, Morrill T. 463 


Doyle, Dayton A 167 

Doyle, William B 488 

Dudley, Plimmon H 288 

Dyas, Isaac J 526 

Ebright, Dr. Leonidas S 266 

Ebright, Dr. Thomas Mc 137 

Edgerton, Hon. Sidnej' 180 

Edison, Thomas A 500 

Edison, Mrs. Thomas A 500 

Eichenlaub, Harry C 327 

Elkins, Richard S 320 

Ellet, King J 985 

Evans, Mrs. Mary I. T 242 

Ewart, Joseph C 442 

Ewart, Robert L 982 

Falor, George A 714 

Falor, Hiram S 71,') 

Farnam, Daniel 480 

Fay, Xahum li;^ 

Findley. Dr. Samuel 128 

Foltz. Dr. Abner E 547 

Foltz, Hiram H 

Foltz, Dr. William K.. 
Ford, Judge James R. 
Ford, Newton 





Fraunfelter, Dr. Elias 129 

Frederick, Henry 279 

Gale, Col. Justus 47 

Gamble, William B 32fi 

Ganter, Rev. Richard L., D. T) 200 

Gardner, Omar X 289 

Goodhue, Judge Nathaniel W 171 

Goodhue, Nathaniel P 280 

Hale, Andrew 643 

Hale, Hon. Charles Oviatt 647 

Hale, Jonathan 641 

Hale, Othello W 493 

Hale, William 642 

Hall, Alfred W 146 

Hall, John 2nd 981 

Hall, Eorenzo 463 

Hall, Philander D 46 

Hammond, Roland 319 

Hankey, Simon 491 

Hardy, Nathaniel 859 

Hardy, Perry D 861 

Hardy, William 305 

Harper, Erastus R 3« 

Hart, Henry W 307 

Hart, Col. John C »&3 

Henry, Milton W 1.32 

Herrick, Burke C 517 

Herrick, Jonathan E 1072 

Hibbard, Allen 169 

Hill, David E 175 

Hill, George R 476 

Hill, Dr. John 926 

Goodrich, Dr. Benjamin F 469 

Goodwin, Thomas H 311 

Grant, Judge Charles R 186 

Green, Judge Edwin P 153 

Green, Hon. Frank M 1006 


Hine, Charles, C 835 

Hitchcock, Dr. Elizur 548 

Hitchcock, Herbert P 497 

Hitchcock, Lucius W 1051 

Hitchcock, Wolcott W 531 

Hole, Professor Israel P 127 

Holloway, Rev. Joseph T 743 

Houghton, John B 514 

Howard, Dr. Elias W 174 

Howe, Charles R 244 

Howe, Henry W 133 

Howe, Richard 117 

Hower, Charles H 508 

Hower, Harvey Y 505 

Hower, John H 457 

Hower, M. Otis 505 

Rowland, Charles E 483 

Hoy, Judge John 98 

Hudson, Deacon David 812 

Hugill , Joseph 509 

Humphrey, Dr. Elwyn 550 

Humphrey, Judge Noah M 945 

Humphrey, Major Norris 942 

Humphrey, Judge Van R 831 


IngersoU, Charles F 

Ingersoll, Henry Ward. 

Jacobs, Dr. William C. 

Jackson, Andrew 

Jackson, Erastus 

James, Daniel A 

Janes, Lewis M 

Jennings, Rev. Isaac .. 



Ladd, Judge Charles G 

Lane, Julius S 

Lane, Luman 

Lane, Samuel A., Frontispiece. 

Lane, Samuel A 

Leggett, General Mortimer D... 


Kent, Hon. Marvin 629 

Kent, Roswell 37 

Kent, Mrs. Roswell 37 

King, David L 241 

King, Henry W 119 

King, Leicester 557 

Knox, Eugene 767 

. 270 
. 181 



Mahar, Rev. Thomas F 208 

Mallison, Amos 293 

Mallison, Albert G 292 

Marvin, David L. . .* 556 

Marvin, Ulysses 1004 

Marvin, Ulysses L 269 

Mathews, James 56 

McArthur, Col. Rial 857 

McClure, Judge Samuel W 268, 

McCoUester, Rev. Sullivan H., D. D... 158 

McDonald, William Z 291 

McFarlin, John 646 

McFarlin, William ,>12 

McGillicudy, Captain Timothy D 432 

McGregor, John 136 

McKinney, Judge Henry 554 

McKinnes", William 1077 

McMillan, Reuben 45 

McNeil, James C 495 

Means, Captain John A 373 


Nash, Rev. C. Ellwood, D. D 198 

Nash, Sumner 275 

Newberry, Henry 728 

Newton, Samuel 33 

Olmstead. Rev. Edward B 125 

O'Neil, Michael 526 

Paige, Albert T 519 

Paige, Hon. David R 271 

Parker, Richard E 644 

Parmelee, Luther H 698 

Parshall, Samuel W 290 

Parsons, William C 472 

IngersoU, Noah 719 

Iredell, Seth 50 

Jewett, Dr. Mendal 264 

Johnston, Abraham W 797 

Johnston, Alexander 101 

Johnston, Hon. John 263 

Johnston, Washington G 799 

Johnston, William 700 

Koch, Jacob 515 

Kohler, Hon. Jacob A 267 

Koplin, Jacob 282 

Kreuder, John 306 

Kubler, Edward G 473 

Kummer, George W 535 

Lewis, Hon. Asahel H 220 

Lewis, Captain Isaac 750 

Long, Denis J 221 

Long, Jeremiah A 468 

Lothman, Rev. William H 204 

Lyder, Dr. John W 135 

Memmer, John 299 

Merrill, Edwin H 480 

Metcalf, Dr. Jonathan 823 

Miller, Ansel, US 

Miller Charles 921 

Miller, Edward B 501 

Miller, Harvey F 308 

Miller, Ira M 467 

Miller, Lewis WO 

Miller, Robert A 501 

Miller, Samuel H 930 

Miller, Stephen D 927 

Miller, Stephen S 506 

Miller, William H 285 

Moersch, Peter J 1161 

Monroe, Rev. Thomas E 191 

Moore, Joseph 984 

Morrison, James H 324 

Murray, William M 522 

Nichols. Hon. Orrin P 1075 

Noah, Andrew H 185 

Norton, Thomas 38 

Oviatt, Edward 266 

Oviatt, Emmon S 279 

Paul, Hon. George 766 

Paul, Hosea, Sr 756 

Paul, Robert S 271 

Payne, William H 493 

Pendleton, Joy H 15s 

Perkins, Charles E 277 


Perkins, Col. George T 157 

Perkins, Henry 4(iii 

Perkins, General Simon 3i 

Perkins. Col. Simon 238 

Perrin, Edward \V 319 

Peterson, Dr. James H 177 

Pitkin, Albert J 507 

Ka-wson, Dr. Secretary 943 

Raymond, William G 295 

Raynolds, Thomas C 223 

Read, Prof. Matthew C 614 

Rexford, Rev. E. L., D. D 159 

dackett, George 764 

Sadler, RoUn \V 555 

Sanders, Hon. Wilbur F 554 

Sauford, Hon. Henry C 273 

Sargent, Albert H 245 

Schumacher, Ferd 155 

Schumacher, Hugo 504 

Schumacher, Louis 504 

Scott, Dr. Daniel A 179 

Scott, James F 283 

Searles, Henry C 949 

Seiberling, Charles W 503 

Seiberling, Frank A 503 

Seiberling, James H 929 

Seiberling, John F 467 

Seiberling, Monroe 930 

Seiberling, Nathan , 919 

Seward, Col. Dudley 379 

Seward, Louis D 284 

Seymour, James H 833 

Sieber, George W 281 

Sill, Hon. Elisha N 733 

Singletary, John C 52 

Taplin, James B 170 

Thomas, Col. David W 361 

Thomas, Rpv. David T 211 

Thomas, George 296 

Thompson, Dr. Moses 821 

Underwood, Dr. Warren J 546 

TJpson, Dr. Daniel 1049 

Vansickle, Nicholas E 294 

Viall, George 519 

Viall, James 477 

Viall, John F 533 

Wagner, Edwin 291 

Wagoner, Aaron 541 

Wagoner, George '789 

Walker, Richard B 281 

Wallace, James W 899 

Watt, Robert 522 

Watters, Lorenzo Dow 284 

"Weary, Frank 489 

Weary, Simon B 487 




Pitkin, Rev. Caleb 825 

Pitkin, Judge Stephen H 176 

Pitkin, Stephen H 507 

Poulson, James M 276 

Prior, William 855 

Purdy, Henry 56 

Rice, Alvin 299 

Ritchie, Samuel J 1053 

Robinson, John K 532 

Robinson, Wilson G 517 

Rockwell, Frank W 141 

Sisler, Dr. William 794 

Smith, Rev. Carlos, D. D 190 

Snyder, Jacob 487 

Spalding, Hon. Rufus P 93 

Spelman , Harvey B 121 

Sperry, George R 1054 

Sperry, Hon. Ira P 1052 

Spicer, Avery 151 

Spicer, Hiram J 316 

Spicer, Major Miner 32 

Stanford, George 655 

Stein-bacher, Major Erhard 513 

Stewart, Adam Clarke 787 

Stipe, Franklin G 144 

Stone, Nelson B 261 

Stone, Simon M 292 

Storer, James B 322 

Storer, Webster B 116 

Stow, Joshua 1003 

Stuart, Judge Edward W 272 

Sumner, Judge Charles 36 

Sumner, Increase 40 

Sumner, Julius A 48 

Thompson, Judge Sylvester H 829 

Tibbals, Judge Newell D 164 

Tinker, Professor Albert B 165 

Townsend, Captain Alfred R 1160 

Turner, Grant B 739 

Upson, Judge William H 172 

Viele, Henry C 276 

Viele, Hiram 294 

Voris, Judge Alvin C 154 

Voris, Edwin F 142 

Weber, Florence 531 

Weber, John C 367 

Webster, Charles 465 

Weeks, Arthur J 143 

Weeks, George W 521 

Werner, Paul E 537 

Wesener, Joseph E 283 

Wetmore, Henry 736 

Wheeler, Benjamin F 513 




Wilcox, David G., (at 3O) 485 

Wilcox, David G.. (at 70) 485 

Wilcox, Francis A 302 

Wilcox, Dr. Jeremiah C 94t 

Williamson, Judge Samuel C 425. 

Wills, Thomas 239 

Wilson, Solon N 491 

Wilson, Thomas 99 

Wolcott, Hon. Alfred 657 

Wolcott, Hon. Christopher P 553 

Wolcott, Hon. Simon P 665 

Wolf, John 181 

Woods, John B 540 

Wright, Alpha 10J3 

Wright, Dr. Amos ■ 1044 

Wright, Captain Josiah J 363 

Wright, Reginald H..-. 134 

Wright, Hon. Thomas 986- 


1840 TO 1891, INCLUSIVE. 


WOLCOTT, Christopher P., of Akron, bj^ appointment of PresidentAbraliam 
Lincoln, in May, 1862, became Assistant Secretary of War, under his 
brother-in-law, Secretary Edwin M. Stanton, continuine- until .broken 
in health by the arduous duties of the position, retur;iing- to Akron in 
Februarj-, 1863, and dying- April 4, of that year. Portrait page 553. 


Cartter, David K., a resident of Akron from 1836 to 1845— Minister to 
Bolivia, South America, 1861 to 1863. Portrait and biography, page 552. 

COGGESHALL WILLIAM T., a resident of Akron from 1842 to 1847, editor and 
author. State Librarian from 1856 to 1862, Minister to Ecuador, Soutfi 
America, 1865 to 1867, dying of consumption at <Juito, in the Summer of 
1867, his remains being convej^ed by the goveriiment to Columbus for 
interment, together with those of his daughter Jessie, who, after suc- 
cessfulljr closing up the affairs of the Mission, died of 3'ellow fever, at 
Guyaquil, while en route for home. 

Cooper, Samuel F., Superintendent of Akron schools from 1853 to 1856, was 
United States Consul at Glasgow, Scotland, from 1876 to 1880, now being 
a resident of Grinnell, Iowa. Portrait and biography, page 126. 


EdgerTOX, Sidney, Akron, Governor of Montana Territory, 1864-1865. Por- 
trait andjDiography, page 180. 

AXTELL, Samuel B., Richfield, appointed Governor of Utah Territory in 1875, 
transferred to New Mexico as Governor, sanae year, continuing between 
three and four j^ears, page 949. 

Alger, Russell A., Richfield, Governor of Michigan, during the years 1885 
and 1886. Portrait and biography, page 555. 


Cartter, David K., early resident of Akron, as elsewhere stated, ably served 
as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia, by 
appointment of President Lincoln, from 1863 until his death in 1887. Por- 
trait and sketch, page 552. 

Edgertox, Sidxey, Akron, Chief Justice of the Territory of Idaho, by 
appointment of President Lincoln, from 1863 to 1864, resigning to take the 
Governorship of Montana, as elsewhere stated. Portrait, page 180. 

AxTELL, Samuel B., Richfield, by apjjointment of President Arthur, Chief 
Justice of New Mexico, from 1882 to 1885, page 949. 


Sanders, Wilbur F., formerly of Akron, now of Helena, Montana, was 
elected United States Senator for that State in 1890, and is still serving. 
Portrait, pagfe 554. 


King, Henry W., Akron, Secretary of State, and Commissioner of Public 

Schools, 1850 to 1852. Portrait, page 119. 
WOLCOTT, Christopher P., Attorney General, 1856 to 1861. Portrait page 553. 

xxxii. CONTENTS. 

Sill, Elisha N., Cuyahoga Falls, served as Canal Fund Commissioner of 

Ohio, from 1843 to 1850. Portrait, page 733. 
KOHLEE, Jacob A., Akron, served as Attorney General from 1886 to 1888. 

Portrait, page 267. 


Spalding, Rufus P., then a resident of Akron, in the session of 1848, '49, 
was elected by the Legislature, a Judge of the Supreme Court, serving 
three years. Portrait, page 93. 

Upson, William H., Akron, by appointment of Governor Charles Foster, 
served as Judge of the Supreme Court, from March to December, 1883, to 
fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of Chief Justice William White. 
Portrait, page 172. 

Upson, William, H., Akron, in 1884 was elected one of the Judges of the 
Eighth Circuit of the newly organized Circuit Court System of Ohio, 
drawing the fractional term of two years, in 1886 being re-elected for the 
full term of six years, and is still ably serving. Portrait, page 172. 


Pitkin, Stephen H., Akron, 1862—1874 and 1876—1878, page 847. 
Perry, JohnF.. Cuyahoga Falls, 1878 -1880. 
Beebe, William M., Hudson, 1880-1886, page 848. 
King, David L., Akron, 1886—1889, page 241. 

Hough, Dr. Wayland S., Cuyahoga Falls, July 16, 1890, to date. 
Evans, Mrs. Mary, I. T., Matron, 1858—1860, page 242. 


Dewey, Laurin, Warden, 1846 to 1849, page 220. 
Glines, Mrs. Julia F., Matron, 1882 to 1884. 


McDonald, William Z., Akron, appointed by Governor Joseph B. Foraker, 
Inspector of First District, September 6, 1885, and promoted to the Chief 
Inspectorship for four years from April 29, 1889, page 291. 


Paul, George, Cuyahoga Falls, member of Board of Public W*rks from 1878 
to 1884, in special charge of Ohio Canal from Cleveland to Hebron, 185 
miles, 25 miles of Walhonding canal and Western Reserve and Maumee 
road, 46 miles, page 766. 


From 1829 to 1850, Captain Richard Howe, of Akron, was resident engineer 
and superintendent of Northern division, with his brother, the late John 
Howe, as his elEficient Assistant. Later Akron Superintendents have 
been L. Charles Schnell, George T. McCurdy, and Alfred W. Hall from 
1886 to the present time (1892), page 146. 


The writer is without definite data in regard to the earlier collectors of tolls 
upon the Ohio Canal for the port of Akron, but from the recollection of 
himself and other old residents consulted, the following roster is 
believed to be substantially correct: Wolsey Wells, Samuel A. Wheeler, 
Robert K. Du Bois, Lewis P. Buckley, Frederick Wadsworth, Leander L. 
Howard, Allen Hibbard, Frederick A. Nash, Nathaniel W. Goodhue, 
George T. McCurdy, Charles Baird, J. Alexander Lantz, Mills B. Purdy, 
William W. Zeisloft, and from 1888 to present time (1892), Hiram H. Foltz, 
page 138. 


Otis, William S. C, Akron, Constitutional Convention of 1850, serving from 
May 6, 1850, to March 10, 1851. Constitution then framed, ratified by voters 
of State, June 21, 1851, the vote in Summit county standing 2,025 for, and 
and 2,013 against— a majority of twelve, onlj', in its favor, page 309. 

CONTENTS. xxxiii. 

VORIS, Alvin C, Akron, Convention of 1873, serving from May 13, 1873, to 
February 3, 1874. Constitution then framed, thotig'h in many respects an 
improvement upon the former, was rejected by the people, August 18, 
1874, Summit county standing 2,112 for, and 2,774 against — an adverse 
majority of 662. Portrait, page 154. 


BuCHTEL, John R., Akron, by appointment of Governor Rutherford B. Haj'es 
in 1870, became Managing Trustee, and personally superintended the 
laying out of the grounds and the erection of the buildings for the Ohio 
Agricultural and Mechanical College, at Columbus, which was opened 
to students in 1873; name since changed to Ohio State University. Por- 
trait, page 150. 


Andrews, Sherlock J., Cuyahoga county, XV District, 1840—1842. 
TiLDEN, Daniel R., Portage County, XIX District, 1842—1846. 
Crowell, John, Trumbull County, XIX District, 1846—1850. 
Newton, Eben, Mahoning County, XIX District, 1850—1852. 
Bliss, George, Akron, XVIII District, 1852—1854, page 551. 
Leiter, Benjamin F., Stark County, XVIII District, 1854—1858. 
Edgerton, Sidney, Akron, XVIII District, 1858—1862, page 1058. 
Spalding, Rufus P., Cuyahoga County, XVIII District, 1862 — 1868. 
Upson, William H., Akron, XVIII District, 1868-1872, page 1058. 
Monroe, James, Lorain County, XVIII District, 1872—1880. 
McClure, Addison S., Wayne County, XVIII District, 1880—1882. 
Paige, David R., Akron, XVIII District, 1882—1884, page 271. 
Mckinley, William, Stark County, XVIII District, 1884—1886. 
Crouse, George W., Akron, XX District, 1886-1888, page 810. 
Smyser, Martin L., Wayne County, XX District, 1888—1890. 
Taylor, Vincent A., Cuyahoga County, XX District, 1890 to date. 


Pitkin, Stephen H., 1868, voting in Electoral College for Ulysses S. Grant 

for President and Schuyler Colfax for Vice President, page 847. 
Buchtel, John R., 1872, voting for Ulysses S. Grant for President and Henry 

Wilson for Vice President, page 719. 
Goodhue, Nathaniel W., 1880, voting for James A. Garfield for President 

and Chester A. Arthur for Vice President, page 171. 
Marvin, Ulysses L, 1884, voting for James G.Blaine for President and John 

A. Logan for Vice President, page 269. 


Perkins, Simon, Jr„ Akron 1838 to 1840, page 308. 

Sill, Elisha N., Cuyahoga Falls, 1840 to 1842, page 762. 

Jackson, John E., Portage County, 1842 to 1844. 

Wetmore, William Jr., Stow, 1844 to 1846, page 1017. 

Lewis, Asahel H., Portage County, 1846 to 1848, page 220. 

Swift, Lucian, Akron, 1848 to 1850, page 308. 

Lyman, Darius, Portage County, 1850 to 1851. 

Gillette, Ransom A., Portage Countv, 1851 to 1853. 

Upson, William H., Akron, 1853 to 18'55, page 308. 

Brown, Oliver P., Portage County, 1855 to 1857. 

Ashmun, George P., Hudson, 1857 to 1859, page 847. i 

Garfield, James A., Portage County, 1859 to 1861. 

Bierce, Lucius V., Akron, 1861 to 1863, page 308. 

Day, Luther, Portage County, 1863 to 1864. 

Hart, Alphonso, Portage County, 1864 to 1865. 

Tibbals, Newell D., Akron, 1865 to 1867, page 308. 

Conant, Philo B., Portage County, 1867 to 1868. 

Stedman, William, Portage County,1868 to 1869. 

McKinney, Henry, Cuyahoga Falls, 1861 to 1871, page 762. 

Hart, Alphonso, Portage County, 1871 to 1873. 

Goodhue, Nathaniel W., Akron, 1873 to 1875, page 308. 

Kent, Marvin, Portage County, 1875 to 1877, page 629. 

xxxiv. CONTENTS. 

Beebe, David Duncan, Hudson, 1877 to 1881, page 847. 
Wolcott, Simon P., Portage County, 1881 to ISSo, page 665. 
Crouse, George W., Akron, 1885 to 1887, page 810. 
Alexander, J. Park, Akron, 1887 to 1891, page 646. 
Latnpson, Klbert L., Ashtabula, 1891 to date. 


Spalding, Rufus P., Ravenna, 1839 to 1840, page 92. 
Hubbard, Ephraim B., Deerfield, 1839 to 1840, page 92. 
Weaver, Henr}- G., Springfield, 1840 to 1841, page 1001. 
Spalding, Rufus P., Akron, 1841 to 1842, page 307. 
Perkins, Simon Jr., Akron, 1841 to 1842, page 307. 
Seward, Amos, Tallmadge, 1842 to 1843, page 1057. 
McMillen, John H., Middlebury, 1843 to 1844, page 307. 
Foote, Augustus E., Twinsburg, 1843 to 1844, page 1078. 
Kirkum, George, Akron, 1844 to 1845, page 928. 
Bowen, Hiram, Akron, 1845 to 1846, page 307. 
Johnston, Alexander, Green, 1846 to 1847, page 809. 
Voris, Peter, Bath, 1847 to 1848, page 645. 
Seward, Amos, Tallmadge, 1847 to 1848, page 1057. 
McClure, Samuel W., Cuyahoga Falls, 1848 to 1849, page 762. 
Spelman, Harvey B., Akron, 1849 to 1850, page 307. 
Finch, Nathaniel^ Akron, 18.50 to 1851, page 307. 
Humphrey, Noah M., Richfield, 1851 to 1853, page 947. 
Somers, Porter G., Cuyahoga Falls, 1853 to 1855, page 762. 
Jewett, Mendal, Springfield, 1855 to 1857, page 1001. 
Sperry, Ira P., Tallmadge, 1857 to 1859, page 1058, 
Thompson, Sjdvester H., Hudson, 18.59 to 1861) page 847. 
Voris, Alvin C, Akron, 1859 to 1861, page 646. 
Johnston, John, Middleburj^ 1861 to 1865 page 307. 
Encell, John, Copley, 1865 to 1867, page 703. 
Sisler, William, Franklin, 1867 to 1869, page 793. 
Wolcott, Alfred, Boston, 1869 to 1871, page 666. 
Burnham, Sanford M., Akron, 1871 to 1873, page 307. 
Mack, Hiram H., Bath, 1873 to 1875, page 646. 
Nichols, Orrin P., Twinsburg, 1875 to 1877, page 1078. 
Mack, Hiram H., Bath, 1877 to 1879, page 646. 
Hill, John, Norton, 1879, to 1881, page 929. 
Ebright, Leonidas S., Akron, 1879 to 1881, page 308. 
Alexander, J. Park, Akron, 1881 to 1883, page 646. 
Kohler, Jacob A., Akron, 1883 to 1885, page 794. 
Green, Francis M., Stow, 1885 to 1887, page 1018. 
Sanford, Henry C, Akron, 1887 to 1891, page 307. 
Wright, Thomas, Springfield, 1889 to 1891, page 1002. 
Hale, Charles Oviatt, Bath, 1891 to date, page 647. 


President Judges. 

Humphrey, Van R., Hudson, 1840 to 1844, page 846. 
Newton, Eben, Canfield, 1844 to 1846. 
Wade, Benjamin F., Jefferson, 1846 to 1851, page 306. 
Bliss, George, Akron, 1851 to 1852, page 306. 

Associate Judges. 

Du Bois, Robert K., Akron, 1840 to 1845, page 305. 
Sumner, Charles, Coventry, 1840 to 1845, page 718 
Caldwell, Hugh R., Franklin, 1840 to 1847, page 793. 
Clark, John B., Hudson, 1845 to 1846, page 846. 
Ford, James R., Akron, 1845 to 1849, page 305. 
Thompson, Sylvester H., Hudson, 1846 to 1852, paa-e 847 
Hoy, John, Franklin, 1847 to 1852, page 793. 
Wheeler, Samuel A., Akron, 1849 to 1850, page 305. 
Voris, Peter, Bath, 1850 to 1852, page 645. 



Humphreyville, Samuel, Medina, 1851 to 1856, page 306. 

Carpenter, James S., Akron, 1856 to 1861, page 306. 

Canfield, William H., Medina, 1858 to 1863. 

Burke, Stephenson, El3ria, 1861 to 1869, page 306. 

Boj'nton, Washington W., Elyria, 1869 to 1876. 

Hale, John C, Elyria, 1876 to 1881. 

McClure, Samuel W., Akron, 1870 to 1875, page 306. 

Tibbals, Newell D., Akron, 1875 to 1883, page 306. 

Lewis, George W. Medina, 1881 to 1891. 

Marvin, Ulysses L., Akron, May to October, 1883, page 306. 

Green, Edwin P., Akron, 1883 to 1891, page 306. 

Voris, Alvin C, Akron, 1891 to date, page 306. 

Nye, David J., Elyria, 1891 to date. 


Booth, Birdsey, Cuyahoga Falls, 1840 to 1842, page 762. 
Noble, Theron A., Springfield, 1842 to 1848, page 301. 
Goodhue, Nathaniel W., Middlebury, 1847 to 1852, page 301. 
NewberrJ^ Henry, Jr., Cuyahoga Falls, 1852 to 1854, page 762. 
Bernard, Charles B., Akron, 1854 to 1858, page 301. 
Crouse, George W., Akron, 1858 to 1863, page 809. 
Burnham, Sanford M., Akron, 1863 to 1871, page 301. 
Paul, Hosea, Jr., October 9, to November 14, 1871, page 763. 
Buckingham, Edward, Akron, 1872 to 1881, page 301. 
Wagoner, Aaron, Akron, 1881 to 1887, page 794. 
Dick, Charles, W. F., Akron, 1887 to date, page 301. 


Spalding, Rufus P., Akron, appointed b}^ Court, April to December, 1840, 

page 304. 
Swift, Lucian, Akron, appointed b;^ Court, 1840 to 1847, page 304. 
Peck, Lucius S., Akron appointed bj' Court, 1847 to 1851, page 30.5. 
Stone, Nelson B., Tallmadge, elected, 1851 to 1853, page 1057. 
Green, Edwin P., Akron, 1854 to 1861, page 305. 
Means, John A., Northfield, 1861 to 1864, page 902. 
Rinehart, Charles, Franklin, 1864 to 1870, page 793, 
Means, John A,, Northfield, 1870 to 1873, page 902. 
Weeks, George W., Copley, 1873 to 1879, page 703. 
Nash, Sumner, Bath, 1879 to 1885, page 647. 
Hale, Othello W., Bath, 1885 to 1891, page 647. 
Goodhue, Nathaniel P., Akron, 1891 to date, page 305. 


O'Brien, William, Hudson, April, 1840 to February, 1842, page 847. 

Wallace, George Y., Northfield, February, 1842 to November, 1842, page 901. 

Arthur, Milton, Northfield, 1842 to 1848, page 902. 

Dewey, William H., Akron, 1848 to 1850, page 303. 

Wadsworth, Frederick, Akron, 1850 to 1852, page 303. 

Rice, Chester W., Cuyahoga Falls, 1852 to 1854, page 762. 

Sisler, Houston, Franklin, 1854 to 1858, page 793. 

Wilson, Sullivan S., Northampton, 1858 to 1863, page 863. 

Crouse, George W., Akron, February to September, 1863, page 810. 

Carter, Israel E., Akron, 1863 to 1867, page 303. 

Conger, Arthur L., Boston, 1867 to 1871, page 666. 

Oviatt, Schuyler R., Richfield, 1871 to 1875, page 948. 

Paige, David R., Akron, 1875 to 1879, page 303. 

Viele, Henry C, Akron, 1879 to 1883, page 303. 

Cole, Arthur M., Boston, 1883 to 1887, page 666. 

Seymour, James H., Hudson, 1887 to 1891, page 848, 

Oviatt, Emmon S., Akron, 1891 to date, page 948. 


Ladd, Charles G., Akron, October, 1851 to August, 1852, page 306. 
Hammond, Roland O., Bath, August, 1852 to October, 1852, page 645. 
Bryan, Constant, Akron, 1852 to 1853, page 307. 
Humphrey, Noah M., Richfield, 1854 to 1860, page 948. 

xxxvi. CONTENTS. 

Dodge, William M., Akron, 1860 to July, 1861, page 307. 

Lewis, Asahel H., Akron, July to October, 1861, page 307. 

Pitkin, Stephen H., Hudson, 1861 to 1869, page 307. 

Marvin, Ulysses L., Akron, 1869 to 1875, page 307. 

Williamson, Samuel C, Akron, 1875 to 1881, page 307. 

Goodhue, Nathaniel W., Akron, 1881 to September, 1883, page 307. 

Grant, Charles R., Akron, 1883 to 1891, page 307. 

Stuart, Edward W., Akron, 1891 to date, page 307. 


Johnston, Alexander, Green, 1840 to 1843, page 809. 

Fay, Nahum, Akron, 1843 to 1849, page 303. 

Jennings, Jared, Coventry, 1849 to 1352, page 718. i 

Purdy, Henry, Springfield, 1852 to 1858, page 1001. 

Bock, Phillip P., Akron, 1858 to 1864, page 303. 

Lautz, J. Alexander, Springfield, 1864 to 1870, page 1002. 

Thorp, Grenville, Bath, 1870 to February, 1872, page 646. 

Viele, Heury C, Akron, February to October, 1872, page 303. 

Payne, George H., Akron, 1872 to 1878, page 303. 

Bartlett, Albert A., Akron, 1878 to 1884, page 303. 

Searles, Henry C, Richfield, 1884 to 1891, page 949. 

Clark, Benjamin F., Altron, 1891 to date, page 303. 


Wilson, Thomas, Northfield, 1840 to 1844, page 901. 
Janes, Lewis M., Boston, 1844 to 1848, page 664. 
Clarke, William L., Springfield, 1848 to 1852, page 298. 
Seward, Dudley, Tallmadge, 1852 to 1856, page. 1057. 
Lane, Samuel A., Akron, 1856 to 1861, page 298. 
Chisnell, Jacob, Green, 1861 to 1865, page 809. 
Burlison, James, Middlebur3^ 1865 to 1869, page 298. 
Curtiss, Augustus, Portage, 1866 to 1873, page 902. 
McMurray, Levi J., Franklin, 1873 to 1877, page 794. 
Lane, Samuel A., Akron, 1877 to 1881, page 298. 
McKinney, William, Twinsburg, 1881 to 1885, page 1078. 
Gamble, William B., Akron, 1885 to 1889, page 298. 
Bunn, David R., Akron, 1889 to date, page 298. 


Dodge, William M., Akron, 1840 to 1842, page 298. 

Kirkum, George, Norton, 1842 to 1844, page 928. 

Otis, William, S. C. Altron, 1844 to 1846, page 298. 

McClure, Samuel W., Cuyahoga Falls, 1846 to 1848, page 762. 

Upson, William H., Akron, 1848 to 1850, page 1058. 

Whedon, Harvey, Hudson, 1850 to 1352, page 847. 

Edgerton, Sidney, Akron, 1852 to 1856, page 1058. 

McKinney, Henry, Cuyahoga Falls, 1856 to 1860, page 762. 

Tibbals, Newell D., Akron, 1860 to 1864, page 298. 

Green, Edwin P., Akron, ad interim 100 days, 1864, page 298. 

Oviatt, Edward, Akron. 1864 to 1868, page 948. 

Kohler, Jacob A., Akron, 1868 to 1872, page 794. 

Sanford, Henry C, Akron, 1872 to 1874, page 298. 

Poulson, James M., Akron, 1874 to 1876, page 298. 

Stuart, Edward W., Akron, 1876 to 1880, page 298. 

Baird, Charles, Akron. 1880 to 1884, page 298. 

Means, John C, Tallmadge, 1884 to May, 1886, page 1058. 

Voris, Edwin F., Akron, May to October, 1886, page 298. 

Sieber, George W., Akron, 1886 to date, page 298. 


Ashmun, Russell H., Tallmadge, 1840 to 1843, page 1057. 
Voris, Peter, Bath,. 1843 to 1846, page 645. 
Seward, Frederick, Tallmadge, 1846 to 1849, page 1057. 
Newton, Dwight, Akron, 1849 to 1852, page 303. 
Oviatt, Schuyler R., Richfield, 1852 to 1855, page 948. 
Paul, Hosea, Cuyahoga Falls, 1855 to 1870, page 762. 


Paul, Robert S., Akron, 1870 to 187i, page 7()2. 
Seward, John W., Tallmadgo, 1874 to 1877, page 1058. 
Paul, Robert S. Akron, 1877 to 1883, page 702. 
Perkins, Charles K., Akron, 1883 to date, page 303. 


Hinsdale, Elisha, Norton, 1840 to 1844, page 928. 

Mills, Itliiel, Akron, 1844 to 1848, page 304. 

Holloway, Joseph T., Cuyahoga Falls, 1848 to 1850 page 762. 

Nash, Col. John, Middlebury, 18,50 to 1853, page 304. 

Gross, Oliver E., Stow, 18,53 to 1855, page 1017. 

Clarke, William L., Akron, 18,55 to 1857, page .304. 

Ingersoll, Noah, Coventry, 1857 to 1861, page 719. 

Holloway, Joseph 'J'., Cuyahoga Falls, 1861 to 1863, page 762. 

Somers, Porter G., Cuyahoga Falls, 1863 to 1868, page 762. 

Gross, Oliver E., Stow, 1868 to 1872, page 1017. 

Brown, Alnion, Akron, 1872 to 1882, page 304. 

Brashear, B. B., Akron, 1882 to 1886, page 304. 

Sargent, Albert H., Akron, 1886 to 1890,- page 304. 

Brewster, George W., Coventry, 1890 to date, page 720. 


Foote, Augustus E., Twinsburg, 1840\o 1843, page 1078. 

Starr, Jonathan, Copley, 1840 to 1844, page 703. 

Hoy, John, Franklin, 1840 to 1845, page 793. 

Thompson, Mills, Hudson, 1843 to 1849, page 847. 

Weld, James \V., Richfield, 1844 to 1853, page 947. 

"Weaver, Henry G., Springfield, 1845 to 1851, page 1001. 

Wetmore, Edwin, Stow, 1849' to 1858, page 1017. 

Weston, Hiram, Middlebury, 18,51 to 1854, page 298. 

Metlin, James A., Norton, 1853 to 1856, page 929. 

Bliss, Ambrose W., Northfield, 18.54 to 1860, page 902. 

Gilcrest, John S., Spring-field, 1856 to 1862, page 1001. 

McFarlin, John, Bath, 1858 to 1861, page 646. 

Upson, Nelson, Twinsburg, 1860 to March, 1866, page 1078. 

Buel, George, Akron, 1861 to May, 1864, page 298. 

Hill, David E., Middlebury, 1862 'to 1868, page 298. 

Bates, George D., Akron, May to December, 1864, page 298. 

Conger, Sidney P., Boston, May to December, 1866, page 666. 

McFarlin, John, Bath, 1864 to 1867, page 646. 

Johnston, John C, Northampton, 1866 to 1872, page 863. 

Sackett, George, Cuyahoga Falls, 1867 to 1870, page 763. 

Oviatt, Orson M., Richfield, 1868 to 1874, page 948. 

Hill, John, Norton, 1870 to 1879, page 929. 

Crouse, George W., Akron, 1872 to 1875, page 809. 

L'Hommedieu, Giles, Cuyahoga Falls, 1874 to 1877, page 763. 

Sisler, William, Franklin, 1875 to 1881, page 793. 

Call, Moses D., Stow, 1877 to 1883, page 1018. 

Hart, Hiram, Richfield, 1879 to 1885, page 948. 

Miller, David C, Franklin, 1881 to November, 1886, page 794. 

Ellet, King J., Springfield, 1883 to 1889, page 1002. 

Hill, John C, Coventry, November, 1886 to December, 1887, page 720. 

Hine, Charles C, Hudson, 1885 to 1891, page 848. 

Johnston, Washington G., Green, 1890 to date, page 810. 

Frederick, Henry, Portage, 1889 to date, page 298. 

Nesbit, James, Northfield, 1891 to date. 


Kent, Roswell, Middlebury, 1849 to 1851, page 303. 

Spicer, Avery, Coventry, 1849 to 18,53, page 718. 

Bierce, Lucius V., Akron, July to October, 1849, page ,303. 

Ackley, Gibbons J., Akron, 1849 to 1851, page 303. 

Wesener, Joseph E., Akron, August to December, 1851, page 303. 

Hawkins, Ira, Portage, 1851 to 1857, page 304. 

Bates, George D., Akron, 1851 to 1855, page 304. 

Sherbondy, George, Portage, 18,53 to 1856, page 304. 

Hanscom, Charles, C, Akron, 18.55 to 1858, page 304. 

xxxviii. CONTENTS. 

Scott, David A., Akron, 1856 to IS.'iS, page 304. 
Spicer, Averj', Coventrj^ 18,57 to 1866, page 718. 
Johnston, William, Copley, 1858 to 1861, page 703. 
Walker, Richard B., Akron, 18,59 to 1868, page 304. 
Town,9end, Alfred R., Akron, 1861 to 1867, page 304. 
Brewster, Jonathan H., Coventrj-, 1866 to 187,5, page 719. 
Cunningham, William M., Akron, 1869 to 1873, page 304. 
Huson^, Francis T., Copley, 1868 to 1871, page 703. 
Storer, Webster B., Portage, 1871 to 1874, page 304. 
Townsend, Alfred R., Akron, 1873 to 1876, page 304. 
Herrold, Levi S., Akron, 1874 to 1877, page 304. 
Kolb, Clement J., Akron, 1875 to 1881, page 304. 
Frederick, Henry, Portage, 1876 to 1882, page 304. 
Townsend, Alfred R., Akron, 1877 to 1879, page 304. 
Southmayd, William, Stow, 1879 to 1883, page 1018. 
Beebe, Joseph A., Akron, 1881 to 1887, page 304. 
Johnston, John M., Copley, 1882 to 1888, page 703. 
Miller, Stephen D., Norton, 1883 to 1889, page 929. 
Moore, Joseph, Akron, 1887 to date, page 1002. 
Smith, mi, Portage, 1888 to date, page 304. 
Koplin, Jacob, Akron, 1889 to date, page 304. 


Sichley, Abraham, 1849 to 1855, page 304. ' 
Chandler, William, 1855 to 1861, page 304. 
Husong, Francis T., 1861 to 1868, page 703. 
Glines, George W., 1868 to 1878, page 304. 
Feichter, George, 1878 to 1879, page 304. 
Glines, Julia F., 1879 to 1882, page 304. 
Hamlin, Millard F., 1882 to 1387, page 304. 
Stotler, Sherman B., 1887 to date, page 304. 


On page 1058, in notice of Hon. William H. Upson's election to Circuit Court Judgeship, 
read elected in 1881, drawing fractional term of two years, and re-elected in 1886 for full term 
of six years. 

On page 532, in biographical sketch of Mr. John K. Robinson, read married to Miss 
Henrietta Eleanor Barber, Januarj' 1, 1868, instead of January 15, 186E), as printed in part of 

On page 526, to biographical sketch of Isaac J. Dyas, add: died suddenly of pneumonia, 
Januarj-- 3, 1892, aged 42 years and 12 daj's. 

On page 943, to biographical sketch of Dr. Secretary Rawson, add: died in Des Moines, 
Iowa, December 29, 1891, aged 95 years, 2 months and 11 days. 

On page 669, to official roster of Boston Township and Peninsula Village, add the death 
of Treasurer Henry Kerst, January 7, 1892, aged 51 years. 

On page 463, to biography of Mr. Lorenzo Hall, add: died Januarj' 9, 1892, aged 79 years, 10 
months and 17 days. 

On page 762, read that Dr. Chester \V. Rice was elected Treasurer of Summit countj', in 
1852 instead of 1872, as there printed. 

On page 736, to biography of Mr. Henry Wetmore, add: died Janiiary 10, 1892, aged 90 j'ears 
and 11 months. 

On page 130, to biographical sketch of Judge William M. Dodge, add the death of Mrs. 
Dodge, January II, 1892, aged 83 years, 5 months and 13 days. 

Add to Contents: 

Official Roster of Summit County, 1840 to 1891, Index pages xxxi to xxxviii. 

Schumacher power Block, Index page xxxix. 

Government Public Building, Index page xl. 

Akron City Hospital, Index page xl. 


Since the completion of the main portion of this book, Messrs. 
Weary & Kramer, architects, have perfected the drawings of the 
new power block which Mr. Ferd Schumacher is about to erect 
on West Market street, the foundations for which are now being 
laid upon the site of the well-remembered Old City Mill, as shown 
in the upper engraving on page 453. As this will be the largest, 
handsomest and most costly structure yet erected in Akron, it is 
fitting that an engraving of it, with proper measurements, should 
be given the prominent place in this volume here accorded to it. 

Schumacher Power Block, Corner of West Market and Canal Streets, Erected in 1892. 

This superb structure will be built in 'the modernized 
Romanesque style of architecture, and present a facade of 165 feet 
on West Market street, and 135 feet on Canal street. The building 
will be seven stories in height — two full stories, equaling thirty- 
four feet, below the level of West Market. street and five stories 
above, the total height of the walls being about 114 feet. The walls 
of the first two stories will be of brown stone or granite, and the 
upper stories of pressed brick, the floors and roof being carried by 
a system of protected steel .construction, supported from massive 
stone foundations. The building will be so constructed that it can 
be adapted to any desired business, and the machinery of such 
mechanical and manufacturing operations as may be therein 
located will be driven by the waters of the Cascade mill race, with 
its forty-five foot fall secured by means of the tunnel constructed 
through the solid rock, by Mr. Schumacher, between the point 
named and the Cascade Mill, a year or two ago. 

The entire plant will cost not far from $200,000, and will not 
only be a very decided credit to our already wonderfully pros- 
perous city, but the crowning glory of the very many magnificent 
business structures hitherto erected by Akron's trulj' munificent 
benefactor, Mr. Ferd Schumacher. 


In closing the chapter on Akron's postal history, pages 315 to 
329, it was stated that a government building was "almost in 
sight," Congress having voted an appropriation of $75,000 for that 
purpose, though owing to the clashing of local interests, and per- 
sonal predilections, the site had not then been agreed upon. Since 
that time, however, in the spirit of mutual concession and good 
feeling that should ever animate our people, the differences in 
question have been harmonized, and the old Bartges property, 
now known as the Union Club House, on the southeast corner of 
Market and High streets, has been agreed upon. It is a convenient 
and sightly location, and it is expected that within the coming 
year an imposing and elegant government building will cover the 
ground for nearly sixty years occupied by the then and still hand- 
some frame cottage, built in 1834 by Akron's pioneer merchant 
and manufacturer, Charles W. Howard, after whom our hitherto 
principal business street was very properly named. 


On page 1093, in the chapter devoted to Summit county's 
benevolence, is an account of the bequest of the late Boniface 
De Roo, of the Sixth Ward, who died November 3, 1883, towards 
the founding of a city hospital in Akron, which bequest, judici- 
ously invested by duly constituted trustees, now amounts to some- 
thing over $10,000, Mr. De Roo expressing the desire, in his will, that 
the hospital, when established, should bear the name of the largest 
contributor towards its establishment and maintenance. Though 
the need of such an institution has for several years been sorely 
felt and often discussed by our people, nothing tangible has hith- 
erto been developed in the premises. Now, however, among the 
very last written words for this book, we are pleased to note that 
this long felt want is about to be munificently filled. To the 
accomplishment of the project, Messrs. Ohio C. Barber and Thomas 
W. Cornell have made voluntary donations of $10,000 each, and 
negotiations have nearly been completed for the purchase of the 
Bartges homestead, 943 East Market street, for the sum of $30,000, 
to be used for that purpose. The property consists of five acres of 
land and a large and handsome brick house and suitable outbuild- 
ings, and can be made immediately available for the needs and 
purposes of such, an institution. In addition to the generous 
donations mentioned, Mr. Barber is endeavoring to secure, by pop- 
ular subscription from our well-to-do citizens, an endowment fund 
of $100,000, for the future maintenance of the institution, nearly 
one half of which is already in sight, though an analysis of the list 
of donations, when completed, will alone determine the question in 
regard to the name which shall be given to this, the crowning 
glory of the charitable impulses of our people. 


fourth son of Comfort and 
Betsey (Sikes) Lane, was born in 
Suffield, Hartford County, Conn., 
June 29, 181,5. The father, a car- 
riage maker by trade— an exten- 
sive manufacturer of the old-time 
thorough-brace stage coach — ow- 
ing to a natural aptness in that 
direction, had designed the boy, 
Alanson, for a carriage and orna- 
mental painter, and hence, during 
his childhood, he was permitted 
to dabble in colors to his heart's 
content, his own face, hands and 
clothing often presenting a inore 
variegated and picturesque ap- 
pearance than the majority of 
the lavishly bepraised subjects of 
his juvenile pencil. 
The father dying, when the lad was but thirteen years of age, 
and the business being discontinued, that plan had to be aban- 
doned, and the next two and a half years were devoted to school 
and such agricultural labor, at home and among neighborino- 
farmers, as such a boy was capable of performing — an arrange- 
ment to enter the painting department of a large chair manufac- 
tory in an adjoining town, as an apprentice, having been foiled by 
the destruction of the establishment by fire. 

In addition to his repute, as a carriage maker, "Judge'' Lane, 
as he was called by his neighbors, was quite an inventor, not only 
in the way of mechanical devices in the furtherance of his own 
business, but shortly before his death he constructed and patented 
the "Suffield Cotton Gin" — a machine which it was confidently 
believed would supersede the celebrated Whitney Cotton Gin— the 
parchment letters patent, dated March 24, 1825, (now in possession 



of the writer) bearing the autograph signatures of John Quincy 
Adams, President; Henrj^ Clay, Secretary of vState; and William 
Wirt, Attorneji' General; a single clerk in the office of the Secre- 
tary of State then performing the entire clerical work of the Patent 
Department, while an average of 500 employes in that branch of 
the government are now scarcelj^ adequate to its necessities. 
Death intervening, however, before its practical introduction, the 
device was of no pecuniary benefit to the heirs of the inventor. 


May 1, 1831, then not quite 16 years of age, young Lane engaged 
as clerk in the store of Mr. Billings Brown, father of the present 
United States Judge, Henrj' Billings Brown, in the paper manu- 
facturing village of South Lee, Berkshire Co., Mass., with whom 
he served a j'ear and a half, w^hen he entered the larger establish- 
ment of Mr. Austin Hayden, at Pittsfield, in the same county, 
with whom he remained six months. Returning home for a visit, 
in the Spring of 1833, an arrangement w:as made with a Hartford 
publishing house for the canvass of Merrimac County, New 
Hampshire, for the sale of the then popular History of the United 
States, bj^ Chauncej^ A. Goodrich, w^hich service was so satisfac- 
torily performed that, in the Fall of the same j^ear, he vsras assigned 
to similar dutj^ in the States of South Carolina and Georgia, w^ith 
headquarters at Augusta; the journej^ from New York to Charles- 
ton being made in the* sailing vessel, "John C. Calhoun," there 
then being no ocean steamers, (not even coastwise); the journey 
from Charleston to Augusta being over the then just completed 
Charleston and Augusta Railroad, at that time the longest railroad 
in the World — 130 miles. 


While awaiting the arrival of books, in the late Suminer and 
early Autumn of 1834, during a very heated political campaign, a 
position, as mailing clerk and assistant editor, -was accepted in the 
office of the "Southern Spy," at Washington, Wilkes Countj^ Geor- 
gia, then, and until his death, the home of the afterwards notorious 
secession agitator and rebel general, Robert Toombs — the "Spy" 
being a strong Jackson, or Union, paper, with the talented young 
lawyer, Toombs, as one of its most vigorous writers against John 
C. Calhoun's nullification heresies, so prevalent iti South Carolina 
and Georgia about those days. While thus employed, in addition 
to his mailing and editorial duties, the writer obtained something of 
an insight into the "Art Preservative of All Arts" — printing — 
which was to be such a potent factor in the shaping (or unshaping) 
of his future life. 



On concluding his book-canvassing labors, in the late Fall of 
1834, the Nvriter, then nineteen years of age, concluded to resume 
mercantile life, and permanently settle in the South. Not succeed- 
ing in finding a clerkship in Augusta, and the several other cities 
and villages visited in Georgia and South Carolina, in company 
^vitli a young northern printer, a few years his senior, he started, 
in his double-rig Yankee peddling wagon, overland, for Mobile, 
Alabama, having to pass through the territory of the Creek Indians, 
then in rather an unamiable mood, by reason of the agitation of the 
question of removing them beyond the Mississippi. It was about 
sixty miles through the territory, with one intervening white set- 
tlement and trading post about midwaj^, at the ferrj' across the 
Wetumpka river. The road through the wilderness Avas blind and 
difficult, the Indian trails, from time to time diverging therefrom, 
being more distinct than the road itself. Darkness setting in, 
before reaching the ferry, ^ve at length found ourselves wedged in 
-among the trees, and on reconnoissance, in the darkness, for we had 
no means of striking a light (friction matches not being then in 
general use, as now), discovered that we had branched off on to 
a trail, but were %vholly unable to discern the point of diver- 

In this dilemma, our on\y resource, excei)t to remain all night 
\vhere we were, was to unhitch our horses and follo\v the trail 
whithersoever it might lead. A quarter of a mile, or so, brought us 
to a log hut in ^vhich w^ere two squaws — evidently mother and 
daughter. Bndeavoring, by vi^ords and signs, to make them under- 
stand that wa wanted to find our way to the ferry across the 
Wetumpka river, the elder squaw lighted a pine-knot torch, and 
motioning to us to follo^v, started diagonally to the left from the 
trail -^ve were on, through the woods, ten minutes' walk bringing 
us to the bank of the river, running rapidly and darkly through 
the murky forest. 

We were now, of course, no better off than before, and could 
onlv follow our guide back to her hut, where we found a gajdy 
dressed young Indian buck, to whom we also endeavored to 
explain the situation, in doing so, in addition to signs, sajdng in 
English that we had got lost, wanted some supper and to staj^ all 
night. Borrowing a torch, he started in an opposite direction, we 
and our horses following. Our guide was in a very merry mood, 
indeed, gayly singing as he went, his music being interspersed with 
loud peals of laughter, frequent repetition of our phrases, "got loss! 
got loss! suppaw! suppaw! 'tay all night! 'tay all night! "etc., with an 
occasional blood-curdling and hair-lifting Indian yell, or whoop, 
that made the surrounding woods— the darkness being intensified 
by the flaming torch he was carrying— all ring again! 



Ten or fifteen minutes brought us to a somewhat more preten- 
tious cabin, from which, warned by the noisy antics of our guide, 
there came forth to meet us a fine looking Indian, somewhat past 
middle life, his wife, another buck about 25 years of age and his 
wife, the latter bearing in her arms a six or eight months' old 
pappoose — our guide also being a member of the family. 

After a short palaver with the head of the family, active meas- 
ures for our "entertainment" were inaugurated, the men helping 
us to unharness and properly secure and feed our horses, the feed 
consisting of corn in the ear, and corn-fodder cured in the same 
manner as among the planters of the South, generally, in those 
days. Our "suppaw" consisted of bread made from pounded 
corn, and baked before the fire, sweet potatoes roasted in the ashes, 
some bear's meat fried in a small iron kettle, and some sort of home- 
made but quite palatable coffee, the rude table being set with reg- 
ular dishes — plates, cups and saucers, knives, forks, spoons, etc. 
Later in the evening, and just before retiring to rest, the family 
supper was partaken of. A large tub of mush and milk was placed 
in the middle of the bare earth floor, the members of the family 
squatting themselves in a circle around it. It was provided with 
one large -wooden spoon, or ladle. The elder Indian, picking up the 
spoon, takes a mouthful and returns the spoon to the tub. The 
elder squaw next takes a mouthful, and so on around, according tt> 
age, a running merry conversation being kept up during the repast, 
of -which the " strangers within their gates " were apparentl}^ the 
principal subjects. 

Across one end of the cabin -was a platform, about two feet from 
the floor and six feet in depth, devoted to sleeping purposes. 
Spreading a blanket on one end, and rolling up some of their sur- 
plus clothing for pillows, they motioned us to take our places 
thereon, my chum taking to the wall and m^^self turning in next to 
him, with a blanket for covering. The elder Indian then planted 
himself next to me, the old squaw next, and the younger squaw 
with her pappoose next, the two younger bucks stretching them- 
selves out upon the floor. 

Our slumbers were reasonably tranquil, being occasionally 
interrupted by the distant howl of the festive wolf, and once or 
twice disturbed by the rushing forth of our hosts to drive away their 
own horses running loose in the woods, while trying to pick a quarrel 
with our animals in the snug pole-pen in which thej- had been 
corralled. . 


Rising -with the earliest da-wn, harnessing our horses, paying 
our hosts liberally in silver coin for our entertainment, and bidding 


them all good-by, we started iu the direction of our wagon. The 
three bucks, however, fell into our wake and helped to get our 
wagon up into the main road, only a few rods distant, it appearing 
that the trail ran for a considerable distance nearly parallel at the 
foot of the ridge along which the wagon road passed. The con- 
tents of our wagon were found to be intact, and producing from 
one of the trunks some slight presents of cheap je\\relry, pictures, 
etc., for each of the three bucks, the two squaws and the pappoose, 
we again bid our tawny friends good-by and started for the ferry. 
The people at the ferry were verj^ greatly astonished at our 
<;arly call to be ferried over the river, it being deemed very unsafe 
for pale-face strangers to travel through the territory, especially at 
night, a number of murders having been committed during the 
previous Summer. From our account of our night's adventure, it 
■was thought that we had staid at the house of one of their 
"kings," who, as well as the other members of the household, 
could both understand and speak English, but that their natural 
cunning led them to affect ignorance with strangers, in order, as 
in our case, to learn what might be said about them; but that even 
had our criticisms been offensive to them, having sought their 
hospitality, they would have permited no harm to come to us or 
-our belongings within the limits of their jurisdiction. 


Disposing of mj^ horses, wagon and other property at Mobile, 
I renewed my efforts to obtain a clerkship, but without success, as 
was also the case at New Orleans, whither I went a couple of 
weeks later, there being scores of young men from the North 
watching for any vacancy that might possibly occur. 

I then " floated" up the river to Louisville and Cincinnati, where 
everything in that line was also found to be more than full. In 
the latter city I made an arrangement with a publishing house to 
canvass for a book in the northeastern portion of the State, but on 
going to the office the next morning, to procure my outfit, found 
the entire establishment in ashes. 

Thus, for the second time, had my plans been frustrated by 
fire. I now determined to visit " New Connecticut," as the Western 
Reserve was then called, where, at Aurora, Portage County, an old 
family friend, 'Squire Artemas W. Stocking, a former employe of 
my father, was located, an unmarried aunt of mine being also a 
member of the 'Squire's family. 


My journey from Cincinnati to Cleveland was by stage, via 
Columbus, Mount Vernon, Wooster, etc. Leaving Cleveland by 


stage, before daylight, on the morning of Wednesday, March 4,. 
"dragging our slow length along,'' through the unfathomable cla^- 
mud of the " turnpike," between Newburg and Twinsburg, we 
arrived at the " stage house," in the latter village, between 9 and 10 
o'clock in the forenoon. Taking breakfast with the rest of the 
passengers, while they resumed their journey I sought to secure a 
chance ride for myself and baggage, to Aurora, five miles to the 
eastward. No such chance presenting itself, I remained to dinner 
and finally, leaving my two hand trunks at the hotel, I started for 
Aurora on foot. 

During my stay at the hotel, at -which, besides the landlord 
and his help, a number of village idlers dropped in during the 
afternoon, I had probably, like many another " traveled" young man 
not yet out of his teens, put on a good many airs, and perhaps in 
settling my bill made a somewhat reckless display of the rather 
showy, but exceedingly meager amount of wealth of which I was 
then possessed. 

My Aurora friends, -whom I had not seen for five years, made 
me very -welcome, and the next day the 'Squire loaned me his 
horse and wagon to go for my baggage, the 'Squire's younger 
brother, " Sam" (about mj^ o-wn age) accompanying me. Through 
the 'Squire and Sam I was pretty well acquainted with most of the 
villagers by the end of the week, some of whom were from the 
same to-wn in Connecticut. 

On Sunday morning, about 10 o'clock, while the rest of the 
family were reading or resting in their rooms, I slipped out to the 
'Squire's carriage shop to sharpen my knife. The grindstone was 
under the staging in front of the shop, and while turning the 
crank with my right hand, and holding on with the left, I observed 
three men approaching from the direction of the hotel, while quite 
a crowd stood in front of the hotel, apparently watching for some- 
thing extraordinary to " turn up." 

As the trio approached, I discovered one of them to be a 3-oung 
man with whom I had been quite familiar at the Twinsburg hotel. 
I greeted them pleasantly, and, in answer to the leader's inquiry 
for 'Squire Stocking, directed him to the house, the back way. 
through the shop. Entering the shop, I sat down on a saw-horse 
at one of the benches and began honing mj^ knife, holding 
the whetstone in my left hand, the two remaining men following 
me in, apparently much interested in the work I was performing. 

Presently the other stranger, with the 'Squire and Sam, put in 
appearance, the faces of the two latter bearing a distressed expres- 
sion that I could not at the moment account for. After an embar- 
rassing silence of a few seconds, the leader directed his attention 
to me, by sajnng: "Your name is Lane, is it?" "Yes, sir," I replied.- 
"Well, Mr. Lane, I desire to ask you a few questions," said he. "All 


riglit, go ahead," said I. " Mr. Lane, w^here did you come from to 
Aurora?" "From Twitisburg," 1 replied. " Where from to Twins- 
burg?" "Cleveland." " Where from to Cleveland?" " Wooster." 
"Where from to Wooster?" "Mount Vernon." "Where from to 
Mount Vernon?" "Columbus." "Where from to Columbus?" 
"Cincinnati." " Where from to Cincinnati? " "Louisville." "Where 
from to Louisville?" "New Orleans." "Mr. Lane, were you ever 
in Detroit?" "No, sir; but I should ver}- much like to go there," 
said T, jestingh^ "Well, sir," said he, sternly, "you may soon have 
your wish." He then asked: "Mr. Lane, did you ever go by the 
name of Charles Lewis ?" " Ko, sir!" " Or 1)3' the name of George 
Davis?" "No, sir!" 

During this colloquj' I had continued sharpening my knife, 
and at this stage my interrogator said: "Mr. Lane will you oblige 
me by straightening out the fingers of j'our left hand?" " Suppose 
I can't do it, what then?" I smilingly enquired. "It will be all the 
better for^ou, if you can," he rather savagely replied. After a few 
seconds' aggravating delay, 1 suddenly extended my open hand to- 
wards him for inspection. "You are not the man I'm after," he 
stammeringly responded and then it \vas my turn to ask 

His explanation was this: That he was a Deputy Sheriff from 
Detroit; that a j'oung man named Charles Lewis, but who some- 
times called himself George Davis, about 25 A'cars old, and ans\ver- 
ing to my general description, but ^vith the fingers upon his left 
hand seriously crippled, had committed several forgeries in Detroit, 
and was also believed to be connected with an extensive gang 
of counterfeiters. The officer (who had never seen him) had traced 
him to Cleveland, and from thence on board the Pittsburg stage, 
on Thursday morning (it will be remeinbei-ed that I came to Twins- 
burg on Wednesday morning); that on reaching Twinsburg, on the 
Saturday morning stage, he, the officer, was assured by landlord 
Grant and his bar-keeper, that the part3' he was after had stopped 
off there and had gone to Aurora to visit one of the most respecta- 
ble men of that township, 'Squire Stocking, their statement being 
verified bj' the dining room girl, who had particularly' observed 
that in handling my fork and food, I didn't straighten out the fin- 
gers of my left hand; while the clerk was sure I had quite a quan- 
tity of counterfeit money with me. 

Thus assured, he had remained at Twinsburg over night, as 
the man he was in pursuit of was a desperate character, alwaj^s 
went armed to the teeth, and a dangerous customer to encounter 
in the dark. On Sunday mdrning, calling to his assistance a 
Twinsburg constable, and taking along a young man who had seen 
me at the hotel, to point nie out, the Detroiter and his posse had 
dulv arrived at the Aurora hotel as stated. 


Making known his mission to landlord Woodruff, and others at 
the hotel, he was assured that there must be some mistake about 
the matter, but he knew better; he was after the right man, and 
though he expected to meet with a desperate resistance (exhibiting 
a number of weapons) he intended to secure him either dead or 
alive, even if he had to take him out of church, to which it was 
suggested that I might have accompanied the family. 

At this juncture the spj^ of the party had observed me passing 
from the house to the shop, and entering upon the knife sharpening 
operation alluded to, and they had approached as stated. On 
making known his errand to the 'Squire, he also assured the officer 
that there certainly must be some mistake about it, as his young 
friend was the son of his old boss, Judge Lane, of Suffield, Conn., 
and although he had not known much about him for five or six 
years, it could not be possible he was the desperado intimated. 
The officer, however, was positive, and called upon the 'Squire as 
a magistrate, notwithstanding his friendship for the family, to aid 
him in bringing the offender to justice. The rest has already been 

By the time the denouement had been reached, a number of the 
villagers had ventured into the shop. To say that the 'Squire and 
Sam were indignant, and the by-standers excited, would be a mild 
statement. Sam was for booting the Detroiter and his T-winsburg 
aids out of the shop, and several other young men manifested an 
ardent desire to help him do it; but the 'Squire and myself inter- 
ceded and they were permitted to depart in peace. Whether the 
real Charles Le"wis, alias George Davis, "was ever apprehended, 
this deponent knoweth not; but one thing is certain, the writer, for 
over half a centurj^, has retained a very vivid recollection of his 
first visit to Twinsburg, though his intercourse v^ith many of her 
good people during the intervening 56 years has been both inti- 
mate and pleasant. 


Remaining with mj^ friends nearly two months, about the first 
of Maj^ 1835, I again started out to "seek my fortune." At this 
time the art of making sun pictures had not been discovered, and 
aside from painted portraits and miniatures, about the only mode 
of securing a semblance of the "human face divine," was bj^ the. 
silhouette process — drawing, with tracing rod and universal joint, 
a sideview outline of the features on white paper, deftlj- cutting 
out the same and placing a piece of black silk back of the opening, 
the whole being mounted with frame and glass. 

On this crude device I essayed an improvement, in that, 
instead of cutting out the center and producing a simple black 
profile, I finished it up with pencil, India ink and water colors. 


tracing- in the hair, eyebrows, eye, nostril, lips, ear, chin, wrinkles, 
draper^', etc., my apparatus being adjustable from miniature up to 
<£uarter size. After some gratuitous experiments in Aurora, my 
first objective "business" point was Ravenna and the contiguous 
townships of Shalersville and Streetsboro. Though infinitely 
superior to the plain black profile, oAving to the enhanced cost of 
their production, and the general scarcity of money in the country, 
the business did not prove to be remarkably remunerative, besides 
footing it from house to house with my pretty heavy outfit, -was 
found to be decidedly hard work. 

At this time an amateur dramatic company — The Thespian 
Society — was being organized by the young people of Ravenna, 
and I was invited to assist in painting the scenery, also taking 
prominent parts in both the tragedy of "Barbarossa" and the 
comedy of "Fortune's Frolic," during "Court Week" of the June 
term, 1835. 


M}' Aurora friends advised me, whatever I did, by all means to 
steer clear of Akron. But during my brief stay in Ravenna I met 
a number of Akron gentlemen, lawyers and others, at the hotel 
where I boarded, and after closing my theatrical "engagement," I 
concluded to run over and take a look at it. Accordingly, on 
Wednesday, June 10, 1835— by stage, via Franklin Mills, (Kent) 
Stow Corners, Cuyahoga Falls, Old Forge and Middlebury — I 
wended my way thither, sleeping the first night in the southwest 
corner, second story, of the frame building now standing on the 
northeast corner of South Main and Exchange streets, then kept 
by Mr. Lewis Humiston, and designated as the "Stage House," 
and later as the "Railroad House," and kept by Mr. Charles 
P McDonald, father of the veteran livery man, Mr. Venning 

The next day, visiting^ North Akron, or "Cascade," as it was 
then called, I made an arrangement with Mr. Charles B. Cobb, 
proprietor of the " Pavilion House," northwest corner of Howard 
and Market streets, to keep his books, tend bar, wait upon guests 
and make myself generally useful for my board, until some other 
suitable employment could be found. Clerkships were as scarce 
then in Akron as in the other Western ancL Southern towns which 
I had visited, and by this time I was beginning to think that 
"counter-jumping" wasn't very good business, anyhow. (The 
grapes were getting very sour, you see.) 


At this juncture, the late Gen. Lucius V. Bierce, then the 
Prosecuting Attorney for Portage County, being about to establish 


an office in Akron, made me a proposition to enter his office as a 
law student, offering to furnish me with gratuitous instruction, 
and to help me through with my board during my studies. I 
interposed the objection that my education was inadequate, having 
no knowledge whatever of Latin or the other dead languages. But 
the General held that all that ^vas needed to make a successful 
lawyer was a fair common school education, a reasonable famil- 
iarity with Shakespeare and the Bible, and ordinary common- 
sense. Distrusting my own inquisitorial and forensic abilitieSr 
however, I respectfully declined the General's kind proposition, and 
the legal ■world -will probably never realize the full magnitude of 
its loss, by reason of such declination, though the "generalitj- of 
mankind in general" may well congratulate itself upon its narrow 
escape from so calamitous an infliction. 


About two months later, as half apprentice and half journej-- 
man, I entered the service of a house and sign painter, my first job 
being a piece of ornamental ^vork that the boss himself was 
incapable of performing. With the slowing up of work in the late 
Fall, I again returned to the" Pavilion," but a few days later engaged 
to teach the school in district number seven. Portage township, 
(opposite the northeast corner of the present Infirmary farm), as 
detailed in another part of this volume. 


After the close of nij^ school, in the Spring of 1836, I opened 
shop as a full-fledged "House, Sign and Ornamental Painter," and 
though not making "rich" come very fast, I may, with all due 
modest}', claim that I was fully as expert on general work as any 
of my " regularly' bred " contemporaries, while on sign-writing and 
ornamental work I was ahead of all competitors, with considerable 
skill as a wood and copper-plate engraver, stencil-plate and brand- 
pattern maker for marking flour barrels, etc. 


As detailed in Chapter XI of this work, under the editorial noni 
de plume of "Jedediah Brownbread, Esq.," while still carrj'ing on 
my painting business, on the 7th day of September, 1837, I started 
a small semi-monthly paper under the above title, utilizing my 
knowledge of the printing business acquired in the office of the 
"Southern Spy," by setting up and striking off the first numlier 
with my own hands, with the type and press of Judge Bryan's 
suspended Akron Journal, elsewhere alluded to, afterwards hiring 
it printed in the office of the American Balance- 


The object of tlie yiaper was to combat and expose the black- 
legisin, and other crookedness and wrong doing then so prevalen,t 
in Akron and neighboring villages along the line of the canal. 
The editorials were constructed on the Yankee dialect plan, these 
excerpts from its salutatory being an example: " You see, I cum from 
Varmount about tew inunths ago. Uncle Jed was monstrous glad 
tu see me, now I tell you. Says he, ' Jedediah,'(3'ou see I was named 
arter Uncle Jed, and he tliinks a monstrous site of me), 'I'm mitj' 
glad you've cum and I've bin 'spectin you this tew or three years, 
for I ne^v that a chap of your genus and enterprise wood'nt be 
contented tu stay in Varmount all your lifetime, an' then die poor, 
when you cood make a fortin here in six munths.' * * * You see, I 
■«^as raised to the occupashun of teechin the young idee how to 
shute, but seein as how as that's ruther poor bizness in this secshun^ 
I've concluded to try my hand at editerin awhile. Uncle Jed says 
that a real-joUj^-nothin-tu-du-w^ith-polyticks-anti-blackleg-respect- 
able paper will du well here, an that's jist what I'm goin tu print. * 
* * Sum folks may think, perhaps, that I've got a curious name for 
my paper, so TU jist explain it tu em. You see, a buzzard is a kind 
of ha^vk, an mj' "Buzzard" is near o'i kin tu the turkey-buzzard that 
I've hern tell on way down south, ^vhere it's a fine tu kill 'em, cause, 
you see, they remove all the filth an carin from the streets. Now, 
you see, I calkulate to make my paper prodigous handj^ in this 
way. If there 's enny thing wrong goin on, I calkulate to tell on't, 
an expose an endevor to remove ne\vsances and so forth from the 
city. " 


As may well be imagined, the plain-speakjng of the Buzzaki> 
was well calculated to arouse the ire of the wrong-doers inveighed 
against, and manj' threats to destroy the office where it \vas printed, 
whip, and even shoot, the editor, were indulged in, and innumera- 
ble schemes for revenge were attempted, a few, only, of which can 
be noticed here. One evening, just at dusk, after the appearance 
of a pretty pointed article on counterfeiting and counterfeiters, a 
boy entered the office saying that there was a gentleman at a 
neighboring hotel who wished to see me. Learning, on inquir3\ 
that a well-known blackleg, by the name of George Miller, had sent 
the message, I at once suspected that mischief was brewing, but 
not wishing to exhil)it the white-feather, in company with a friend, 
I promptly responded to the message. As I entered the bar-room, 
in which were a number of well-known sporting gentlemen who 
made the hotel their headquarters, I found the head-center of the 
counterfeiting fraternity, "Jim" Brown, in confidential conversa- 
tion with the said George Miller, and noticed the significant glances 
and grimaces indulged in by the crowd. 


Approaching the bar I said to the mixer of whisky toddies: 
;' Your boy told me there was a gentleman here w^ho wanted to see 
me. Who is he?" "I don't know," replied the bar-keeper, "he's a 
stranger; you'll find him in the sitting room." Thinking it possible 
that some Eastern acquaintance might have come to town, but 
still keeping my wits about me, I stepped across the hall and 
opened the sitting-room door. The first glimpse revealed the fact 
that, though not yet lighting up time, the window curtains 
^vere closely drawn and the room duly lighted. Keeping my 
hand still upon the latch of the door, I swung myself far 
enough into the room to discover that its only occupant, standing 
with his back to the grate, was a well-known local bruiser by the 
name of "Jim" Blane, virho a few years later, while drunk, fell 
from the West Market street bridge to the canal towing-path below 
and broke his neck. 

"Good evening, Mr. Blane," I said pleasantly. "G'n'ev'ning," 
he surlily responded. "I was told there was a gentleman here 
■who wanted to see me, but I don't see any," I said, and swinging 
myself back into the hall, closed the door, ^nd re-entered the bar- 
room, into which, by this time, had come quite a number of 
mechanics, merchants and others, regular boarders in the house. 

It afterwards transpired that "Jim" Brown had hired the 
other "Jim" to give me a drubbing, not only the blackleg habitues 
of the house, but the rascally bar-keeper also, entering into the 
conspiracy, the plan being to inveigle me into the room with the 
bruiser, who, while his confederates were to hold and guard the 
door upon the outside, was to "decorate" my countenance and 
other portions of my corporeal economy. 


Up to this time I had never gone armed, but after the occur- 
rence narrated, my young friend, the late Henry J. Frost, of 
Wooster, then clerking for Mr. P. D. Hall, handed me an old- 
fashioned single-barreled brass pistol (ready loaded) with which to 
•defend myself, should another attempt be made to inflict personal 
injury upon me. This weapon I carried in the right hand skirt 
pocket of my overcoat, while upon the street, and deposited it upon 
a shelf, above the editorial table, while in the office. 

A few days later, having an item of business with the brother 
of the landlord of the hotel in question, as I started to leave the 
bar-room I was confronted by a six-foot, double-fisted habitue of 
the house, by the name of Dwight Spooner, who, seizing me by the 
collar with his huge left hand, began making hostile demonstra- 
tions towards my physiognomy with his right. Instinctively I 
thrust my right hand into my overcoat pocket, at which one of the 
half dozen black-legs present, who were hissing my assailant on, 


seized my elbow and threatened to put an end to me if I attempted 
to draw a pistol. Quietly withdrawing my hand, I appealed to the 
landlord for protection. Instead of compelling the ruffian to 
release his hold, the landlord, opening the door, said: "If you are 
going to fight, gentlemen, you must go out of doors," and as mj^ 
assailant backed out through the hall and front door, his brawn5r 
fist still glued to the collar of my coat, it may be taken for a fact, 
without substantiation by affidavit, that I didn't hang back anv! 

The blackleg fraternity followed us out and continued to hiss 
the drunken bully on, but the commotion also attracted the 
attention of respectable people upon the street, who immediatelj^ 
gathered around us. Drawing back his right fist, and pulling me 
towards him with his left, he would maudlinly exclaim: "Shall I 
strike you! Shall I mash your face for you! " etc, Meantime I had 
quietly slipped my hand into my pocket, cocked my pistol, and, as 
near as I could calculate, aimed it in the direction of the fellow's 
abdomen, with full determination to pull the trigger the instant his 
fist came in contact with m5r face, saying in response to his 
questions, as to whether he should strike me, "You can do as you 
please about it, Dwight, but I advise you not to, as j-ou maj^ feel 
bad about it afterwards." 

Happily, however, for both Spooner and myself, such by- 
standers as Col. Justus Gale, Mr. Lyman Cobb, Mr. James B. 
Taplin, Alfred R. Townsend and others, compelled him to release 
his hold, before bringing his drunken courage up to the striking 
point. His blackleg coadjutors, however, plying him still further 
-with liquor, urged him to visit my office, and finish up the job. 
Half an hour later, I heard some one blunder up the stairs and 
open the door. Looking around, there stood my late assailant, 
hanging on to the door casing, incoherently inquiring if I ^vas going 
to "Buthard" him again. Seizing the pistol from the shelf, I 
started to^w^ards him, telling him to get out of my office, or I 
would Buzzard him so that he would stay Buzzarded, and he 
"got," falling heels over head down the stairs, and vomiting all 
over the landing and the platform upon the outside. 

Subsequent examination revealed the fact that in addition to a 
large charge of po'wder, that pistol contained four buck-shot and 
three slugs of lead about one-fourth of an inch square. It makes 
me shudder, even to this day, to contemplate the consequences to 
my assailant, and possibly to myself and the by-standers, that 
would have followed the discharge of that pistol. 


In those days the village of Franklin Mills (now Kent), like 
many another western village (and eastern, too, for that matter), 
boasted of a number of very fast young men, who, though admitted 


to the very best society, were from time to time guilty of the most 
immoral practices. Among this class was a young and enter- 
prising business man, who, later in life, having abandoned his evil 
courses, not only became the head of a highly respectable family, 
but one of the political, commercial and financial magnates of 
Northern Ohio. The Buzzard's Franklin Mills correspondent 
having laid bare sotne of the more flagrant violations of the moral 
code, by this gay and festive Lothario and his associates, it imnie- 
diatel3' came to my ears that he was threatening to come to Akron 
and "whip me within an inch of m}^ life." 

A da3^ or two later, however, I received a very polite letter from 
the gentleman, enclosing a one dollar note, -with the request that 
I should send him iny "verj^ valuable paper" for one 3'ear. This I 
supposed ^vas tht; mode of "vengeance" that he had finally 
concluded upon, instead of inflicting the threatened personal 

But this proved to be an erroneous conclusion, for a short time 
afterwards, one afternoon, a boy brought me a note of about the 
following purport : 

" Ohio Exchange, Akron, >Iarch 7, 1838. 

"Compliments of Mr. Blank, of Franklin Mills, to Mr. S. A. Lane, 
and would be pleased to see Mr. Lane at room 24, Ohio Exchange." 

Knowing that room 24 was in the rear end of the third story of 
the hotel, and surmising the true intent of the "call," I dispatched 
as polite a repl}^, bj^ the boj', saying that it was inconvenient for 
Mr. Lane to visit the Ohio Exchange, but that Mr. Lane would be 
happj^ to see Mr. Blank at his office. 

Up to this time I had never met Mr. Blank, and not knowing 
exactly what kind of an adversar3- I had ,to deal with, I invited in 
three or four friends from adjoining offices to witness the interview. 
Presently Mr. Blank, a medium sized but robust young man, 
presented himself, accompanied b3^ a six-foot-two stalwart friend, 
whom he introduced as Captain Pierce. After mutual introduc- 
tions, and a little desultory conversation, Mr. Blank expressed 
a desire to speak with me in private. Leading the way to a back 
room I invited him to a seat and to state his wishes. Thereupon, 
in stentorian tones that could be heard all over the neighborhood, 
he exclaimed: 

"Mr. Lane, I have come down here to ascertain who wrote that 
blankety blank scurrilous article signed 'Jerr3^' in your last 

"Well, Mr. Blank," I replied, "I am not authorized to give you 
the name of the writer of that article without his consent. But if 
there was anything unjust or untrue in the article, of course I 
stand ready to make the 'amende honorable.'" 


" It don't make a blaiiketj^ blank's difference whether the 
article was true or false, I'm not goini;:; to be held up to public 
contemjit, through the press, without having satisfaction, and if 
A'ou don't give me the name of the writer of that article you will 
have to take tVie consequences." 

"Very ^vell, Mr. Blank, I'm prepared to take the consequences. 
But see here, 'Dan,'" said I, adopting the familiar sobriquet by 
Avhich I had often heard him called, "you maj^ as well understand 
at the outset that I don't ' scare worth a cent.' I was too sharp to 
^fall into 3'our trap. After attempting to allay suspicion by sending 
me a sop in the shape of a dollar for the paper, you sought to 
inveigle me into a back room in the third story of the Exchange, 
Avhere, through the 'influence' of your herculean friend, you expected 
to squeeze me into the disclosure of the name of my correspondent. 
Though j'ou might there have inflicted upon me the personal 
chastisement 3'ou had so fiercelj- threatened, you would have failed 
to learn the name of the correspondent in question. Noav, however, 
I am upon mj- ov^^n 'dunghill' and do not propose to l)e either 
-whipped or frightened." 

"See here, Lane," he rejoined, "I admire j^our pluck and have 
no desire to injure you or your correspondent. It Avas a mighty 
sharp article, anA^way, and I have a curiosity to know who wrote it, 
and if 3'ou will just tell me, I pledge you nij- Avord and honor that 
no harm shall come to either you or him." 

"It's of no use, Dan," said I. "That would be a breach of confi- 
dence and good faith bet^veen publisher and correspondent that 
would be entirely unjustifiable." 

"One thing more," said Dan, "-will j'ou show me the manu- 

"O, certainly," I replied, and handed him the copj- from which 
the article had been put in type. After scrutinizing it awhile, 
saving that the handwriting was very familiar to him, but he 
couldn't quite place it, he handed it back to me, and with his 
stalwart friend cordially took his leave. 

Afterwards, becoming very well acquainted with Dan, in 
talking over the episode in a friendly chat, I disclosed to him the 
fact that having a printer from Franklin Mills at work in the office 
who would be likely to recognize his chirography, I went to the 
trouble of copjdng all of "Jerry's" communications, and it was my 
copy of the article that I had shown to him. 

"That was the cutest part of the whole transaction," said Dan, 
with a hearty laugh. "Shake!" 


Among the minor subjects treated by the Buzzard was an 
indolent, whisky-guzzling, wife-beater by the name of Chandler. 


Following a pretty severe castigation for some of his many acts of 
brutality towards his long-stiffering wife, being too co'wardly to 
attempt it himself, he, by threats of additional violence, compelled 
her to undertake the task of giving me a whipping. They lived in 
the garret of a building in the second story of -which was located 
the Balance office where the Buzzard was printed, both reached 
by a common stairway. One day as I started up I observed the 
lady coming down. As -we reached the central platform, she 
suddenly drew a rawhide from under her apron and made a pass 
at me. Catching the blow upon my left arm, I took the weapon 
from her with my right hand, and hastily opening a side door she 
ingloriously retreated into an adjoining room. 


Exasperated at the failure of his cowhiding scheme, and 
claiming that in the scrimmage on the stairs I had choked his 
wife, "Old Hod" as he w^as called, determined to take the matter of 
inflicting adequate punishment upon me into his own hands. 
Among others -who had fallen under the ban of the Buzzard was 
"Mother Mason," of questionable repute, whose husband was the 
keeper of a grocery, located directly under the Buzzard office on 
the present site of the Arlington Hotel on West Market Street. 
Just before noon, one day, a friend informed me that "Old Hod" 
was on the street below, with a pocket full of addled eggs, with 
which "Mother Mason" had supplied him, watching for me to go 
to dinner, with a view of treating me to an odoriferous shower- 
bath. Raising a window I inquired what he was doing there. 
Drawing an egg from his pantaloons pocket, he made several 
motions as if to throw, which I dared him to do. Finally I took 
the old brass pistol from the shelf and asked him how he liked the 
looks of that. This seemed to inspire him with the idea that 
rotten eggs would fail to 'do the subject justice, and thrusting the 
egg into his pocket, he stooped down to pick up a stone, in doing 
which he broke all of the eggs in his pocket! 

" Hod " withdrew for repairs and I went to dinner without moles- 
tation. Having again "charged his batteries, " he watched for my 
return, and, starting towards me on the run, again broke his eggs 
in his pocket. "Hod" then changed his tactics, and expressed a 
determination to whip me on sight, and whenever I would pass 
him on the street he would strike or kick at me with all vengeance, 
though always very careful not to hit me. This annoyance 
continued for several months, when one day ^hile he was 
following me and going through his "monkey shines" on West 
Mill Street, I turned upon him and said: "Now, Chandler, I've 
stood this tom-foolery long enough. You are a consummate old 
coward, and wouldn't dare to strike or kick me, but I'll not be 


annoyed by you any longer, and if yoti ever make a motion towards 
me again, or even speak to me, I'll shoot you on the spot — and 
(drawing from my vest pockets a pair of sinall-sized pistols which 
a friend had in the meantime presented to me) I've a good mind to 
do it now^!" "Oh, for God's sake, Lane, don't shoot; I didn't mean to 
hurt you!" Then ordering him to "about face! march!" he left me, 
and that was my last personal rencounter with old "Hod." 


Somewhat later, a notorious pugilist and negro-dancer, by the 
name of John Kelley, whose action in fraudulently and forcibly 
obtaining possession of a hall occupied by a religious society, in 
which to give a disreputable exhibition, had been severely criticised 
in the Buzzard, confronted me on the northeast corner of Howard 
and Market streets. His first salutation was a s-wringing blow with 
his right fist upon the left side of mj*head, slightly staggering me, 
but not knocking me down. As I regained my equilibrium, a 
similar blow from his left hand grazed my right ej^e and the bridge 
of my "rather prominent" nose, almost instantly closing up the 
former and causing a copious flow of " claret" from the latter. Well- 
knowing my inability to cope with the burly athlete, I dodged 
under his up-raised arm and started at a two-forty gait for the 
stone-block corner, with my irate antagonist close at my heels. 
Catching me by the collar of my vest,- (I was in mj^ shirt-sleeves) 
he gave me a whirl which threw me to the ground, I instinctively 
seizing the skirt of his fine broadcloth frock coat, to ease my fall, 
and tearing it entirely up the back. Here the ferocious gymnast 
endeavored to kick and jump upon my body and face with his heels, 
but by making pivotal gyrations on my back, I kept him at bay 
with my feet until by-standers interfered and drove him off. 

This being the first actual personal injury that had been 
inflicted upon me, a warrant was issued for my assailant, but, in 
the meantime, his friends spirited him away, and thenceforward 
Akron was relieved of his pestiferous presence. In the next issue 
of the Buzzard, in alluding to the affair, I said editorially: "It 
makes us feel more sensibly the high responsibility that devolves 
upon us. Go it, blacklegs, rummies and sympathizers— we would 
quietly submit to a good sound thrashing every day, for a month 
to come, if for each one we could rid the community of the baneful 
influence of twenty or thirty individuals whom we could mention." 


In view of these hostile demonstrations, and other disreputable 
operations, a very large meeting of the more reputable citizens of 
Akron, such as Col. Justus Gale, Gibbons J. Ackley, Seth Iredell, 
Horace K. Smith, Alvin Austin, Erastus Torrey, Ithiel Millt^, 


Jonathan Myers, Ansel Miller and others, was 'held on the evening 
of February 28, 1838, among the spirited resolutions unanimously 
adopted, being the following: 

'•jReaolt-ed, That S. A. Lane, publisher of the Buzzard, is entitled to the 
thanks of this community for his exertions in holding up to public odium 
the gamblers and counterfeiters who have hitherto infested this village. 

•'Resolved, That we will protect and sustain the public papers of our 
village, in holding up to merited contempt the gamblers and counterfeiters." 


In Chapter XIII, of this volume, is given a detailed history of 
the rise and progress of the match-making business, now one of the 
leading industries of our goodly city and of the world. The 
pioneer establishment of this character, in Akron, was founded 
by the writer and the late Dr. James E. Miltimore, in the Spring of 
1838, the mode of manufacture being fully described in the chapter 
referred to. The business not proving remarkably remunerative, 
and both the writer and the Doctor forming other business 
connections, the works were transferred to other parties, and the 
business soon afterwards discontinued. Dr. and Mrs. Miltimore 
both being drowned on the occasion of the burning of the steamer 
Erie, off Silver Creek, Lake Erie, on the afternoon of August 9, 1841. 


On the 11th day of November, 1838, I was united in marriage 
to Miss Paulina Potter, the foster sister of the late Paris Tallman, 
a week or ten days later being joined by my elder brother, Henry 
L. Lane, a carriage maker by trade, -who had concluded to establish 
himself in business here. In the Spring of 1839, o^wing to fears of 
personal violence to myself naturally indulged by my young wife, 
and the desire of my brother that I should join him in business, 
the Buzzard was discontinued and a carriage shop erected on the 
present site of Paige Brothers' magnificent block on Main street, 
there being then, also, an open space on the West to Howard 
street. Here quite an extensive carriage making, painting and 
blacksmithing business was entered into under the firm name of 
H. L. & S. A. Lane. My brother dying July 20, 1841, I soon after- 
wards associated with myself Mr. Jonathan Remington, a former 
employe of my father in Connecticut, and the father of Mr. Orson 
H. Remington, our present well-known Howard street jeweler, the 
business being disposed of to other parties in the Fall of 1843. 


Entering heartily into the Washingtonian Temperance move- 
ment, which struck Akron in the Winter of 1841-2, and my health 
having become somewhat impaired by too close application to the 
painting business, in the Spring of 1844, in connection with the 


late William T. Coggeshall, (afterwards State Librarian for several 
years, and later Minister to Ecuador, South America, where he 
died in 1867), I revived the Buzzard as a temperance paper, its 
name being afterwards changed to the Cascade Roarer, as 
elsewhere stated. To promote the cause of temperance, as well as 
to secure a circulation for the paper, I devoted the most of my 
time to lecturing, a portion of the time traveling in connection 
■with another lecturer, and "discussing" the question — I taking the 
side of the liquor drinker and saloon keeper, using their customary 
arguments, but by a series of ludicrous arguments and illustra- 
tions often producing a more salutary effect upon the minds of 
both drinkers and venders, than the most eloquent straight- 
forward lecturing could possibly do — that mode of procedure, 
notwithstanding the burlesque nature of the defense, securing a 
full attendance of saloon-keepers and their customers, as well as 
out-and-out temperance people, besides securing immunity from 
disturbance and violence so often visited upon Temperance and 
Abolition speakers in those early days; attempts being made to 
"egg" the -writer while talking straight temperance, on t-wo 
different occasions, once in the Summer of 1846, at the small 
village of McCutchensville, Wyandot County, while lecturing in 
the village school house, and later, the same year, -while speaking 
from the Judge's bench in the Court House of Holmes County, at 
Millersburg, more harm coming to the audience, ho-wever, than to 


Retiring from the Roarer, in the Fall of 1846, I again took 
up the brush, continuing the painting business until the Spring of 
1850, -when, my health again becoming precarious, I -went overland 
to California, the details of the journey being fully set forth 
else-where in this volume. Not-withstanding its almost incredible 
hardships, I found, on reaching the first town in California, 
Placerville, on Sunday morning, August 4, 1850, that I had gained 
32 pounds in weight — six pounds more than I had ever weighed at 
home, which condition of corpulency I more than maintained 
during my entire residence upon the Pacific Coast, over two years. 

Looking about among the mines for a day or two, I immedi- 
ately proceeded to San Francisco, spending but a single day among 
the Summit County boys in Sacramento City. With health fully 
restored, then 35 years of age, I again embarked in the painting 
business, earning, over and above my expenses, about $200 per 

About the first of December, 1850, in company with Mr. Charles 
G. Caldwell, of Akron, a " Forty-niner, " then located at Sacramento,, 
I embarked in the auction business on the corner of Jackson and 
Montgomery Streets, San Francisco, with a cash capital of $3,000 — 


$600 of which was contributed by myself, $1,400 by Caldwell and 
$1,000 borrowed, Mr. James G. Doav, also of Akron, having accumu- 
lated quite a handsome fortune in that business during the pre- 
ceding six or eight months. 


The firm of Caldwell & Co. got a good start, with a fair prospect 
of doing as well as the firm of Dow & Co. had previously done.. 
Before "we had got fairly under way, hoAvever, owing to the over- 
stocking of the market with all kinds of merchandise, and the 
appearance and fearful ravages of the cholera at Sacramento and 
other portions of the upper country, a commercial panic ensued,, 
by which the same class of goods we had upon our shelves, could be 
bought at one-half, or less, than -we had paid for ours, -while retail 
sales could hardly be made at any figures. 

With our heavy expenses — one item of -which -was $600 per 
month for rent of store — the reader -will not be surprised to learn 
that though -we managed to refund our borrowed money, besides 
giving several months' valuable time to the "enterprise," -we sunk 
every dollar of our capital, and -were nearly $1,500 in debt to our 
landlord, Mr. Dow, who, on his return to California, a fe-w months- 
later, generously abated one-half the amount of his claim. 


On winding up our disastrous venture, Mr. Caldwell returned 
to his cows and chickens, at Sacramento, which in the meantime 
had been in charge of Mr. William H. White, the present head 
miller at the Allen Mills, and I returned to my pots and brushes, 
in the upper portion of the building spoken of. On the first day of 
March, 1851, though still in possession of my painter's kit and 
sundry household goods, furniture, stove, bedding, etc., I hadn't a 
dollar in money with which to buy a meal of victuals. On the first 
day of April I sent my wife a draft for $150, had paid out a hundred 
dollars for stock, clothing, etc.; had paid a month's board in advance 
by work on Morton & Hanscom's Ea'stern Exchange Hotel, else- 
where alluded to, and had about $50 of finished work still in the 
shop. On the first day of May I transmitted another $150 to my 
wife, with about that amount of mj^ earnings for the month still 
in hand. 


Early on Sunday morning. May 4, 1851, commencing in the 
upper part of the city, eighteen squares, comprising the principal 
business houses, banks, hotels, etc., of the city, were destroj^ed by 
fire, involving a total loss of fully $15,000,000. As it became evident 
that the building I occupied would be reached by the fire, I 
removed such of my personal effects as I could carry by hand, two 

Al roiUOGKAPHY. 21 

■or three blocks awa3^ only to be obliged to remove them still 
further up the hill, a half hour later, the operation having to be 
repeated several times before a safe place was found for them. 
My individual loss, in stove, table, benches, heavy sign boards, etc., 
and my proportion of the store fixtures burned, amounted to 
perhaps $200, while a hundred dollars or so of work delivered 
and not j-et paid for was afterwards found to be non-collectable. 


The course of the fire had left intact a number of small 
buildings on a lot considerably below grade nearly opposite our 
old stand, mostly occupied by a company of Chilians, who coined 
money by bringing drinking water and stove-wood from over the 
high range of hills west of the city, on the backs of donkeys. One 
of these buildings, just 10x20 feet in size, planted on blocks about 
a foot in height, I secured for a shop, at a rental of $30 per month, 
also securing, at the same figure, a lodging room on Telegraph 
Hill, nearly a mile away. Painting on cloth, and fastening to the 
end of my shop, a suitable sign, I also nailed upon the charred 
lamp-post at my old corner, a guide-board, pointing in the proper 
direction, bearing the legend: "S. A. Lane, Sign and Ornamental 
Painter, just over yonder Jl^""." 

A few days after the fire, while seated on a stool at my impro- 
vised table, writing an account of the great calamity for the 
Beacox, I felt the entire building swaying violently back and 
forth, in an easterly and ■westerly direction, for several seconds, 
which phenomenon I instinctively thought wras caused by the 
rubbing of one of the aforesaid donkeys against the corner of my 
frail building, and -was greatly puzzled on going to the door and 
finding none of said animals in the vicinity. On going to the 
plaza to mail my letter, a short time afterwards, I found the people 
of the city in a high state of excitement over an earthquake which 
had toppled down chimneys, cracked -walls, broken windows, 
-thrown bottles and other articles from shelves, and driven the 
■occupants of hotels, private dwellings, stores, etc., in the utmost 
consternation into the streets. The scratching of a donkey, 

indeed ! 


In the rebuilding of the burned district, which proceeded at a 
rapid rate, there was, of course, a great demand for signs, and my 
business was quite prosperous for several months. In the mean- 
time Mr. James G. Dow, with Mr. Charles W. Tappan, also of 
Akron, as a partner, had again embarked in the auction business, 
with phenomenal success, and about the middle of September, 1851, 
I entered their employ as a salesman, at a salary of $275 per month. 
Two months later a branch store was established in which I took 


a one-fourth interest, with Mr. Hallet Kilbourn, now of Wash- 
ington City, as a member of the firm, finally becoming a half owner, 
with Mr. Humphrey Sawyer, of Massachusetts, as partner, the 
venture being reasonably remunerative. 


Mr. Sawyer desiring to go to the mines, we closed up our 
business and dissolved our partnership on the first of May, 1852. 
Doing an occasional job of sign- writing for an old established firm, 
ad interim, to defray my expenses, on the first day of September, 
1852, I sailed for home via Panama, on the Steamer "Winfield 
Scott" — its distinguished namesake then running for the Presi- 
dency as the candidate of the Whig party. The steamer w^as 
densely packed with passengers, and the passage to Panama 
stormy and long (19 days) not only causing a great amount of sea- 
sickness on the first part of the journey, but producing consider- 
able havoc from cholera, on the latter part, from 30 to 50 persons 
having probably been consigned to a watery grave during the last 
six or eight days. 

The transit across the Isthmus was then largely of the primitive 
order, the first 22 miles, from Panama to Cruces, on the backs of 
mules, at a cost of only $25 per mule (hire, not purchase,) from 
Cruces to Barracoa, 12 miles, by open boat rowed by nearly naked 
natives, at $2.00 per passenger, and from Barracoa to Aspinwall, 
20 miles, by railroad, at the moderate charge of $8.00, two full days 
being consumed in making the transit, 54 miles. The trip from 
Aspinwall to New York, via Kingston, on the Island of Jamaica, 
was also tempestuous, and fraught with much discomfort to all, 
and especially to this particular individual, who lost, from sea- 
sickness, nearly one-half the surplus flesh gained upon the overland 
journey as above stated, but a small portion of which has ever come 
back to him. The many interesting (and some thrilling) incidents 
of the homeward journey cannot be here given for want of space. 


Returning to Akron with my " pile "—something "less" than a 
million — but with what was far better than gold, thoroughly 
restored health, after "pottering around" through the winter of 
1852-3, (among other things, paying my own hall rent and deliv- 
ering to crowded houses a series of lectures on the "Overland 
Journey to Cahfornia," the substance of which is reproduced in 
another chapter of this volume), I invested my savings in a 
clothing and merchant tailoring establishment, where the New 
York Clothing House now stands, on the south side of East Market 


With Mr. Arthur Malcohn, as senior partner and chief cutter, 
the firm of A. Malcolm & Co. were doing a reasonably prosperous 
business, when, on the morning of April 30, 1855, in the fire which 
destroyed the large brick hotel on the present site of Woods' block, 
every dollar of mj- investment was greedily licked up by the 
devouring flames. 


In the Fall of 1853, while selling "rags" as aforesaid, the 
Temperance Reform Party of Summit County placed me in nomi- 
nation as a candidate for Representative in competition with the 
regular nominees of the Whig, Democratic and Free Soil parties, 
but after-ward an arrangement was made between the Temperance 
Reformers and the Whigs and Free Soilers, by which all three 
candidates should submit their claims to a union mass convention, 
in which Dr. Porter G. Somers, of Cuyahoga Falls, carried off the 

After being thrown out of business by the fire, as stated, 
on the affiliation of the Whigs, Free-Soilers and Temperance 
Reformers, under the banner of Republicanisin, in the Summer of 
1855, I announced myself as a candidate for Representative, subject 
to the decision of the county nominating convention, the late Dr. 
Mendal Jewett, then living in Mogadore, being my successful 
competitor. On the accession of Salmon P. Chase to the Gover- 
norship of Ohio, in the Winter of 1855-6, I applied, with a strong 
backing from the citizens of Akron and contiguous canal towns, for 
the position of Collector of Tolls upon the Ohio Canal, but my 
genial friend, the late Nathaniel W. Goodhue, carried too many 
political guns for me, and won the prize for himself. 


My official "deserts," however, had not been altogether over- 
looked by my fellow-citizens, for, on the appointment of Councilman 
Richard S. Elkins to the Recordership, made vacant by the death of 
Recorder Horace Canfield, in December, 1853, in January, 1854, I 
was appointed by the Town Council to fill the vacancy in the 
Board of Trustees, holding the position until the ensuing munici- 
pal election. On the resignation of the late James Mathews, as a 
member of the Board of Education, December 20, 1854, the Council 
also elected me to the vacancy, which position I continued to hold 
by appointment and re-election until April, 1857, also serving as 
Treasurer of the Board from November, 1855, until the expiration 
of my term of service, in the Spring of 1857. 


In the first National campaign of the Republican party, in the 
Summer of 1856, I endeavored to make myself generally- useful, in 


jjainting banners and mottoes, writing, speaking, etc., but with no 
special design of asking for an office for myself. Leading Repub- 
licans, however, in different portions of the county, seemed to 
spontaneously fix upon me as their candidate for Sheriff, and 
though there were some six or seven other aspirants working like 
beavers for the position, I was nominated on the first ballot by a 
majority of 17 over all competitors. Though bitterly opposed, on 
account of my well-known radical temperance proclivities, I was 
triumphantly elected, renominated by acclamation, and re-elected 
by a largely increased majority in 1858, holding the office four years 
and two months, the time of taking possession of the office ha»ving 
in the meantime been changed from the first Monday of November 
to the first Monday of January. 

In January, 1861, on retiring from the Sheriff's office, I accepted 
a position with Messrs. Beebe and Elkins, as editor-in-chief of the 
Summit County Beacon, a few years later acquiring a one-third 
interest in the paper. Some six months after assuming my 
editorial duties, Governor William Dennison, -writhout solicitation 
fromi either myself or my friends, appointed me Probate Judge of 
Summit County, to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of 
Judge William M. Dodge, the commission, now in my possession, 
bearing date July 24, 1861, being accompanied by the following 
note from the Governor's Private Secretary: 

The State of Ohio, ) 
Executive Department, i 
Columbus, July 24, 1861. ) 
Samuel A. Lane, Esq., 

Dear Sir: — The Governor has heard of the death of William 
M. Dodge, your Probate Judge. He has appointed you to fill the 
vacancy occasioned by his death till the Fall election shall decide 
upon a successor. Herewith please find commission. Trusting 
it will be satisfactory to yourself and beneficial to your people, I 
remain very truly. Yours, etc. 

W. T. Bascom, Private Secretary. 

While this voluntary action of Governor Dennison, with 
whom I had had a pleasant personal acquaintance for several 
years, was exceedingly gratifying, I immediately notified him by 
telegraph that I could not accept the position, not only being 
under obligations to Messrs. Beebe & Elkins, but the brief period 
that I could hold the office would be no object, as even wij- cheek 
was not then sufficiently colossal to warrant me in asking the 
people of Summit County to elect me to so important an office so 
soon after vacating the one which I had so recently, for over four 
years, enjoyed at their hands. 



A full histor}' of the Bkacon is given elsewhere in this volume, 
by which it will be seen that on the 27th day of April, 1872, the 
entire establishment, then running on a fully paid up capital of 
$25,000, of which I was the one-third owner, was totally destroyed 
by fire. Though immediately rebuilt and established on a much 
larger scale, it became so greatly embarrassed by the calamity, 
and the subsequent commercial and financial panic of 1873-4, that 
in the Fall of 1875, after nearly fifteen years of the very hardest 
■work of my life, I had to consent to transfer the concern to other 
parties, for the assumption of its liabilities, and retire therefrom 
without a dollar, and with quite a large personal indebtedness 
resting upon my shoulders, besides. 

Thus once more hors de combat in the battle of life, in 1876, 
just twenty years after my first election to that o.ffice — then 61 
years of age — I again appealed to the good people of Summit 
County to give me my old position of Sheriff, to -which they 
generously responded, also re-electing me in 1878, making my 
entire term of official service eight years and two months, an 
honor accorded to no other incumbent of that office in the history 
of the county. 

The office of Sheriff, of a county like Summit, while not 
remarkably remunerative, involves very great pecuniary responsi- 
bilities and hazards, and bristles with perplexities and dangers, 
but fortunately, though declared by my political opponents and 
competitors to be too old to properly perform its functions — in my 
"dotage," in fact I got safely through, and am under a positive 
pledge to rny constituents not to ask for the office again until 1896 
— just 40 years from the commencement of my first and 20 years 
from the commencement of my last incumbency, at which time, 
should I survive till then, I shall be onlv 81 years of age. 


Space will not permit a recital, even in the briefest terms, of 
the many exciting episodes of the eight years of my Sheriffalty— 
efforts to break jail — mutinies and insubordinations — attempts to 
commit suicide— one by cutting his throat, at the moment of 
starting him to the penitentiary, and another (a girl) by drowning 
herself in the bath-tub, though I am happy to say that— no thanks 
to our noisome and rickety old jail— I never lost a prisoner, either 
by sickness, self-murder or escape. 

One incident, however, is worthy of pretty full mention, as 
illustrative of the strategetic ingenuity of the average prisoner, 
and of the pluck and nerve of some women. Among my most 
efficient aids in the management of the jail, and safe-keeping of 
the prisoners, was my present kind-hearted wife, who, while most 


sympathetic to any of the numerous cases of illness or distress 
-with which we had to deal, was also extremely vigilant in 
detecting mischief among the inmates and preventing escapes. 
In the Summer of 1878, a couple of tramps giving their names as 
James Thompson and James Pierce, were convicted of burglar- 
izing the store of Mr. George S. Dales, Corner Howard and Mill 
streets. Pierce was a stout, burly young man, with close kinky 
hair, from w^hich his jail-mates nicked-named him "Curly," and 
Thompson was a short, spare, and rather sickly looking youth, 
whom his companions nick-named " Shorty." At this time the 
late John S. Rowan w^as temporarily acting as my turnkey, who, 
after locking the prisoners safely in their cells, in the evening, 
spent the night with his own family on Forge street. 

After conviction, and before sentence, "Shorty's" "sickly" 
symptoms rapidly increased, elicting the sympathy not only of 
turnkey Rowan, but also of our kind-hearted women, especially our 
most excellent cook at that time, Mrs. Amelia Randall, of Richfield, 
who fixed him up sundry delicacies to eat, instead of confining 
him to the regular, though wholesome and abundant, rations 
served to the other prisoners. 

One night, between ten and eleven o'clock, just as I was 
retiring, there was a commotion in the jail, and on going to the 
door I was informed that "Shorty" was very sick with a terrible 
pain in his stomach, which statement seemed to be confirmed by 
fearful groans apparently emanating from his cell. Thinking that 
perhaps a dose of strong peppermint sling might afford him relief, 
I warmed some water in a tin cup over the gas burner in the 
guard-room and compounded a good strong potion. In the mean- 
time Mrs. Lane and Mrs. Randall had both put in an appearance, 
and supposing all the prisoners to be safely locked in their cells, I 
threw open the inner jail door, without taking the precaution to 
close the guard-room door, and with my cup of "medicine" in one 
hand and a candle in the other, I started down the steps and along 
the corridor, "Shorty's" cell being upon the north side upper tier, 
reached by stairs, at the east end of the jail. 

Just as I was about to turn the corner, I heard a sort of 
suppressed scream, and instantly comprehending the situation, I 
turned and retraced my steps, on what the prisoners in the lower 
cells, who were on the watch, called "the best time on record," to 
find the "sick" prisoner in a desperate hand-to-hand struggle with 
the two women, Mrs. Randall, as he suddenly popped up from the 
darkness of the narrow corridor, on the west end of the jail, 
instinctively seizing him around the waist and hanging on for 
dear life, on the supposition that he had suddenly gone crazy, 
while Mrs. Lane was doing her utmost to keep him from getting 
through the open door of the guard-room. 


On arriving upon the scene of conflict I seize.d the young 
desperado by the collar, whereupon he turned and clutching me 
by the throat, endeavored to thrust me back into the jail. 
Wrenching his hands from my throat with my right hand and 
holding on to his collar with my left, with my right foot I 
managed to close the outer guard-room door, which being at once 
securely fastened by Mrs. Lane, the prisoner incontinently wilted, . 
and was soon safely locked in his cell again, by Deputy S. D. 
Blocker, who, awakened by the rumpus, had by this time appeared 
upon the scene; the feat of closing the guard-room door being all 
the more difficult from the fact that when both wide open the inner, 
with its stationary lock-bar, laps a foot or more over the outer 

. Investigation showed, that out of some of their extra garments 
and the contents of their husk mattresses, the boys had constructed 
a "dummy," which had been skillfully tucked away in "Short3''s" 
bed. When Rowan was locking them up for the night, not seeing 
the "sick" boy about, he sympathetically inquired how he was, 
and was told by "Curly" that he guessed he was feeling better as 
he had been sleeping quietly for some time. On reaching his 
cell, and finding its inmate already snug in bed (as he supposed) 
he locked the door and after locking all the cells, properly secured 
the outer door and returned home. ' 

The manner in which he escaped detection, while Rowan was 
thus making his rounds, was as follows : In the Winter time the 
jail is heated by a huge cylinder stove, fully two feet in diameter, 
and four feet in height, with about a 10x15 inch door. This stove 
had been lined with newspapers, and "Shorty," being small of 
stature, found no difficulty in secreting himself therein, until all 
■was quiet for the night, when he made his exit therefrom with the 
result stated — the desperado afterwards being heard to lament 
that he didn't carry out his original intention of beating me 
senseless with the heavy iron stove-poker, or a chair, before 
rushing up the steps and unexpectedly encountering the -women, 
in his unceremonious flight for liberty. 


The two burglars in question were sentenced to the peniten- 
tiary by Judge Newell D. Tibbals, for three years and a half each, 
whither I took them on the 8th day of July, 1878. Nothing further 
was heard from either until early in Sheriff William McKinney's 
term, in 1881, when Probate Judge Samuel C. Williamson received 
a notice from the prison authorities, at Columbus, that the 
Summit County prisoner, James Pierce, was violently insane, and 
must be forthwith removed from the institution. Sheriff McKinney 
was therefore sent for him, returning him to his old quarters here. 


only lodging him in the "crazy room" in the second story instead 
of a cell in the lower jail, as before. 

In the penitentiary he had violently assaulted his keeper and 
the surgeon, putting them all in deadly fear for their lives, and 
undertook to practice the same tactics upon Mac. while awaiting 
the determination of the county and insane authorities as to what 
should be done with him. Finally mistrusting that he was 
shamming, Mac. told him one day, that if he did not stop his fooling 
he would "pulverize" him, whereupon the fellow simmered down 
and became as quiet as a lamb, and finally confessed to Mac, that 
his insanity had been -wholly feigned, and there being some 
question as to whether he could be legally returned to the peni- 
tentiary, and the term for which he had been sentenced being so 
nearly out. Judge Williamson ordered his discharge, and he has 
never troubled the community since. 


In April, 1881, without solicitation on my part, though violently 
opposed, not only because of my radical Republicanism, but also 
of my radical anti-saloonism, as the Republican nominee, I was 
elected as Mayor of Akron by a small majority (60) over the then 
Democratic incumbent, one of the most popular members of his 
party in the city, John M. Fraze, Esq., in which capacity I served 
the people faithfully, if not brilliantly, for a single term of two 


My good and faithful wife, Paulina Potter Lane, after bearing 
me eight children, four of whom died in early childhood, after a 
lingering and distressing illness from cancer, died July 2, 1871. Of 
our four surviving children, the eldest son, Julius Sherman Lane, 
born November 19, 1841, well-known in the business circles of 
Akron for many years as the Superintendent of the Webster, 
Camp & Lane Machine Company, is now the general Superinten- 
dent of the M. C. Bullock Manufacturing Company, of Chicago, 
111., with his family residence in the beautiful suburban village 
of Oak Park, eight miles west of the city. My second son, Frede- 
rick Alanson Lane, born October 31, 1849, has for many years 
served as foreman of the Beacon press rooms, and superintendent 
of its machinery. My youngest son, Arthur Malcolm Lane, 
born November 6, 1855, is head draftsman of the Schenectady 
(N. Y.), Locomotive Works, of which my son-in-law, Albert J. 
Pitkin (the husband of my only living daughter, Carrie Maria, 
born March 26, 1858,) is the general Superintendent, the works 
being the second largest of the kind in the United States, employ- 
ing from 1600 to 2000 men, with a capacity for turning out one 
complete locomotive, of the largest class, every day in the year. 


Among the four, with one still unmarried, there are, at the present 
writing, eleven grandchildren, five boys and six girls, ranging 
from six months to twenty-three years, so that there is no imme- 
diate danger of the tribe becoming extinct, while bringing to 
their progenitor the proud satisfaction of knowing that whatever 
his own personal short-comings and errors, in business or social 
life, the world is decidedly the better for his having lived in it. 


On the eleventh day of November, 1872, I married for mj^ second 
wife, Emeline (Potter) Manning, widow of the late Levi Manning 
and only sister of the first Mrs. Lane, and who for the past nineteen 
years has been to me a most pleasant and. affectionate companion 
and faithful help-mate, my chief regret being that the heavj' strain 
put upon her in the care of the jail, during my last four years'' 
incumbency of the Sheriff's office, and the excitements incident 
thereto, has so seriously affected her health, as to very greatly 
lessen the physical and social enjoyment that in her declining 
years, her long and faithful service, as wife, mother and neighbor, 
she is so justly entitled to. 


I have thus, at some length, though omitting many (to me) 
interesting incidents and experiences of the nearly four score years 
that I have lived, given to the reader the principal events of my 
lif e-historj', confirming, in a lai-ge degree, the old adage that " Man 
is the creature of circumstance," and possibly the truth of the 
familiar quotation: 

" There's a divinity that shapes our ends, 
Rough hew them how we may." 

Since retiring from the Mayoralty, in 1883, being too far 
advanced in life to undertake to re-establish myself in active busi- 
ness, and yet not wishing, to be entirely idle, I have devoted a 
large portion of my time to gathering the data and preparing for 
the press, the local historical matters contained in the following 
pages, which, though heretofore mainly given to the public, 
through the columns of the Beacon, it has seemed to me and the 
many friends with whom I have consulted, should be put into a 
more enduring and convenient form. 

Though very many pioneer incidents and personal experi- 
ences, that would have been extremely interesting to the partici- 
pants therein, and their surviving friends, necessarily had to be 
omitted, I feel that I have amassed a great amount of matter that 
has interested those who have perused the several chapters as 
they have appeared, and that vrill be still more interesting to the 


rising and coming generations, who are, for the succeeding 
" Fifty Years and over of Akron and Summit County," to take the 
places of those who have so gallantly fought and won the physical, 
political, intellectual, moral and spiritual battles of the city and 
county for "Fifty Years and Over" in the past. 

In the way of illustration, I have reproduced such of the early 
views of Akron, as could be gathered up, supplemented by many 
modern views of the same localities, showing the changes that 
have taken place and the improvements that have been made in 
the intervening half-century. I have also given the portraits of 
such of the early settlers and prominent citizens as were available, 
together with those of a large number of the present live business 
and public men, old and young, accompanied by brief biograph- 
ical sketches. This is a very valuable as well as a somewhat 
expensive feature of the work, made possible only through the 
generosity of our people, many of whom, in addition to liberally 
subscribing for the book itself, have voluntarily assumed the cost 
of engraving such portraits of themselves and deceased friends 
as it was deemed advisable to include therein. 

As shoAving the changes of a life-time I have also had 
prepared, as a frontispiece to this ^vork, seven portraits of myself, 
averaging about ten years apart, from 16 to 76, -which may possibly 
elicit the curiosity if not the interest of my readers. The silhouette 
at 16, w-as left with my mother on first leaving home in 1831; that 
at 26 is from one of the very first sun-pictures ever made in Akron, 
by a travelling daguerreotypist, in 1841 ; that at 36, is from a 
daguerreotype taken in San Francisco, Cal., in 1851; that at 48 is 
from a photo, taken in 1863, by Akron's pioneer photographer, 
Samuel J. Miller, in the gallery of Gurney & Son, New York, where 
he was then employed as poser; that at 59 was executed by 
Akron's present well-known photographer, Benjamin F. Battels, 
in 1874 ; that at 72 is from the camera of Walter B. Manning, a 
native Akron boy, at Georgetown, Brown Co., O., taken in 1887 ; 
that at 76 by Battels, in 1891. 

Trusting that its sale may be sufficiently large to defray the 
heavy cost of its publication, and slightly compensate the writer 
for his many years of downright hard work devoted to its compi- 
lation, this volume is respectfully dedicated to my contemporaries 
— living and dead — for "Fifty Years and Over of Akron and 
Summit County," and their descendants and successors, by its 
grateful author. 

Samuel Alanson Lane. 


WITH a view of rescuing from oblivion sundry interesting events 
— historical, biographical, criminal, tragical, comical, etc., — 
that have transpired in Akron and Summit County during the 
past fifty years and over, and in the hope of imparting informa- 
tion, admonition, and possible amusement to the younger, and 
reminiscent gratification to the older readers thereof, this work 
has been compiled. 

Of matters and things transpiring prior to my becoming a 
resident of the town and county, June 10, 1835, I have had to rely 
largely upon tradition and such written evidence as was available, 
aided somewhat by the recollections of such pioneer residents of 
the vicinity as still survive. But as to incidents and events that 
have taken place since I came here, I have relied largely upon my 
own memory, supplemented by the official, civil and criminal 
records of this and the original counties out of -which Summit was 
carved, and the newspaper files in my possession, or otherwise 
readily accessible, covering almost the entire period written of. 

While my own recollections may, and doubtless do, differ 
somewhat from those of other gentlemen now living who have 
participated in, or been personally cognizant of, the scenes and 
events herein recorded, I think I can guarantee substantial 
accuracy, both as to data and detail. At all events, unlike some 
local " historians" who have preceded me, I have not, for the sake 
of telling a good story, perpetrating a flippant joke, or swelling 
the importance of my subjects on the one hand, or disparaging 
them upon the other, in any instance drawn entirely upon my 
imagination, or given vent to anj- personal animosities that may 
have existed bet-ween myself and such persons as a narrative of 
this character must of necessity mention. 

And, in this connection, I desire to say that in detailing 
individual transactions or personal conduct prejudicial to morality, 
or the public welfare, I have endeavored to be as considerate of 
the feeling of the parties themselves, if living, or their surviving 
friends, if dead, as a reasonable conformity to the truth of history 
-would justify. 

Permit me, also, right here, to remark that if in these chapters 
the personal pronoun "I" should appear to be a rather prominent 
factor, I wish to have it distinctly understood that it is not by any 
means because the writer wishes to exalt himself above those of 
his neighbors who have participated in, or witnessed, the events 
narrated, nor through any spirit of egotism or "top-loftiness," but 
because the force of circumstances, and the "logic of events," have 
conspired to bring him to the front in many of the skirmishes with 
immorality and crime herein described, as well as in advocating 
and advancing many of the laudable enterprises which have, from 
time to time, contributed to the industrial, commercial, financial, 
educational and moral well-being of the city and county. 

That its merits may be properly appreciated, and its faults 
indulgently overlooked, by a discriminating public, on the comple- 
tion of his long and arduous labors upon it, more than any hope 
for large pecuniary gain, is the sincere desire of 







PREVIOUS to the commencement of work upon the Ohio Canal, 
in 1825, the territory now covered by the thriving and popu- 
lous city of Akron was an almost unbroken wilderness, excepting a 
small portion of the Sixth Ward (the original village of Middle- 
bury) and the partially cultivated farms of Miner and Amos- 
Spicer and Paul Williams, these gentlemen being the first settlers 
in Portage township, Mr. Miner Spicer having, in 1810, visited 
and located the lands in the southeast portion of the township on 
which the three families settled in 1811 — Portage tow^nship being 
so named from the fact that its entire length, north and south, is 
traversed by the path over which the Indians used to "port" their 
canoes, and other portable belongings, between the Cuyahoga 
and Tuscaraviras rivers, that name also extending to the count}^ of 
which the township was originally a part. 

J-Vl in Groton, Conn., May 29, 1776; 
married to Miss Cynthia Allen, of 
Groton, in 1798; in 1810 came, on horse- 
back, to Ohio and boug-ht 260 acres 
of land in the southeastern part of 
Portage township; in June, 1811, with 
his family, accompanied by his 
cousin, Capt. Anlos Spicer, and Mr. 
Paul Williams, again started, by ox- 
team, to Ohio, arriving- at their desti- 
nation in September, being- the first 
actual settlers in Portage township; 
built small log cabin about 40 rods 
southeast of the present corner of 
Spicer and Carroll streets. On organ- 
ization of township Mr. Spicer was 
made a trustee, and also for many 
years was justice of the peace. In 
the war of 1812, served as Major of 
Militia, and through life was active 
and energetic in all business matters, 
both public and private. Mrs. Spicer 
dying, at the age of 50 years, 2 months 
and 14 days, Sept. 10, 1828, Mr. S. was 
again married in March, 1829, to Mrs. 
Hannah (Allen) Williams, widow of 
Barnabas Williams, and sister of the 
first Mrs. S. Major Spicer died Sept. 
11, 1855, aged 78 years, 3 months and 
12 days, and the latter Mrs. S., March 
7, 18,o6, aged 63 years, 5 months and 
21 days. The first Mrs. S. bore him . 
nine children— Avery, born Oct. 26, 


1799; Lucinda (afterward Mrs. Stephen 
Ayres) Feb. 8, 1801; Cynthia, (Mrs 
Jonah Allen) May 21, 1803; Phcebe, 
(Mrs. Levi Allen) Dec. 4, 1804; Tem- 
perance, (Mrs. Talmon Beardsley) 
Oct. 15, 1807; Emily, (Mrs. Ithiel 
Mills) Aug. 8, 1809 ; Lydia, (Mrs. War- 
ren H. Smith) Feb. 16, 1811 ; Miner A., 
March 20, 1813 and Hiram J., Oct. 24,. 



Down to 1825, the village of Middlebury, founded b}- Capt. 
Joseph Hart and Judge Aaron Norton, in 1807, embracing a corner 
each of Tallniadge, Springfield, Coventry and Portage townships, 
was the market town and commercial center for this entire 
section of Ohio, having a population of from 300 to 400 inhabi- 
tants, with several mills, a blast furnace, a nail factory, three or 
four hotels and some 10 or 12 stores, besides the usual comple- 
ment of mechanics and artisans in demand at that earlj' daA', 
together w^ith sundry civic and military organizations uhich 
need not be enumerated here, one of the most prominent and 
best-remembered hotels of the ancient emporium being that of 
Mr. Samuel Newton, whose portrait and biography is here given. 

e AMUEL NEWTON,— born at New- 
»J port, N. H., September 13, 1782, 
when young- moving to Groton, Conn., 
and from thence to Ohio, settling in 
Middleburj^ October 14, 1815. Mr. 
Newton was for many years one of the 
leading- hotel-keepers of Northern 
Ohio, his house standing at what is 
now^ the intersection of East Market, 
North Arlington and Kent streets, 
Akron, Sixth Ward. In March, 1849, 
Mr. Newton, though then 67 years of 
age, went with the Middlebury Min- 
ing Coinpany overland to California, 
returning via the Isthmus of Panama 
in Januarj', ISioO. His wife dying- in 
September, 1835, Mr. Newton was 
again married, to Mrs. Laura Reming- 
ton, in November, 18,56. MrvNewton 
died August 5, 1871, at the age of 88 
years, 10 months and 22 da5'S, leaving 
three children — Isaac S. (since de- 
ceased), William G., now residing in 
the City of Washington, and Eliza- 
beth R., married to the late Hon. 
John Johnston, and now residing 
with her daughter, Mrs. Robert Watt, 
East Market street. 



In that year, 1825, Gen. Simon Perkins, of Warren, owner of a 
large tract of land in Portage township, foreseeing that the 
construction of the canal, with the large number of locks necessary 
to its successful completion and operation, located here, would 
make it something of a business point for the shipment of 
produce, and the receipt and distribution of merchandise, as well 
as, through its lockage water-power, be likely to attract manufac- 
turing and commercial enterprise, induced Mr. Paul Williams, 
owner of the adjoining lands upon the east, to join with him in 
laying out into village lots, with the usual complement of streets, 
alleys, parks, etc., the territory embraced within the limits of 
Summit street on the east. Center street on the north, and 
Chestnut street on the south, on the east side of the canal, and 
Center street on the north. Pine street on the west, and an alley 
next south of Catharine street on the south, on the west side of 
the canal, embracing in all some 300 lots. The plat of the new 
village was duly recorded in the Records of Portage Count3' on 
the 6th day of December, 1825. 




r^EN. SIMON PERKINS— born in 
^ Lisbon, Conn., September 17, 1771 ; 
located in Oswego, N. Y.,1795 ; in 1798, 
employed bj' the Erie Land Com- 
pany to explore the " Connecticut 
Western Reserve;" as ag'ent of the 
company, spent his summers in Ohio 
and his winters in Connecticut, 
until his marriage, March 18, 1804, 
with Miss Nancy Anna Bishop, of 
Lisbon, born January 24, 1780, when he 
permanently settled in Warren; post- 
master of Warren from 1801 till 1829, 
also special agent of Government in 
establishing local offices, treating 
w^ith Indians, etc.; as Brigadier Gen- 
eral of militia. August, 1812, took 
command of troops in defense of 
north^vestern frontier ; at close of 
campaign, Feb., 1813, warmly com- 
mended by Gen. Harrison, for ener- 
getic and faithful performance of 
duty; tender of Colonel's commission 
in regular army by President Madi- 
son declined by reason of pressing 
private and fiduciary duties ; in 1813 
organized Western Reserve Bank, 
and its President until 1836 ; Ohio 
Canal Fund Commissioner from 1826 
to 1838 ; in connection with Paul 
Williams, in 1825, founded the village 
of Akron, and in 1831, in connection 
with Judge Leicester King and Dr. 


Eliakim Crosbj^, that portion since 
known as North Akron, liberally 
donating grounds for public build- 
ings, parks, churches, etc. General 
Perkins died at Warren, November 6, 
1844, aged 73 years, 1 month and 19 
days, Mrs. Perkins dying April 24, 1862, 
aged 82 years and 3 months. 

Previous to this, our late well-remembered fellow citizen, Mr. 
Charles W. Brown, of 966 East Market street, then living in 
Middlebury, "where he located in 1817, was the owner of 58 acres 
of uneven and rather s"wampy land, running from near the present 
southwest corner of South Main and Exchange streets, south- 
w^ardly and ■westwardly, covering w^hat is now know^n as the 
Lower Basin, and that portion of the canal at and immediately 
above and below Lock One. Gen. Perkins requested Mr. Brown to 
donate to the State the right of way through this land for the 
canal. This, Mr. Bro^wn, being a mechanic with but limited 
means, could not afford to do, but would sell it to Gen. Perkins 
and let him do the donating. The General then made him an 
offer, giving him the option of four different tracts of land for his 
58 acres ; 45 acres in the eastern part of Portage township, 30 rods 
wide on Middlebury street, and running north to the middle of the 
Little Cuyahoga River; 100 acres a little west of the homestead of 
the late Col. Simon Perkins ; 150 acres further west or 300 acres in 
an adjoining county; and, to the General's great surprise, Mr. 
Brown took him on the 45 acres, it being a portion of the same 
farm on which he ever afterwards resided, and as the sequel 
proved, it was a good trade for both of them. 


There already existed a tortuous public highway from the 
northeast to the southwest portions of the State, running from 
Warren via Ravenna, Franklin Mills (now Kent), Stow Corners, 
Cuyahoga Falls, Old Forge, Middlebury, New Portage and John- 



son's Corners to Wooster, Mount \'^ernon, etc. This road ran 
substantially where Middlebury street, since changed to Buchtel 
avenue, now is, as far west as Broad-way, thence striking 
diagonally towards, but a little north of what is now Exchange 
street, and, after crossing the valley and circling somewhat 
around to the south, again striking the present Exchange street 
line near its junction with Maple ; thence rising the hill near the 
Perkins residence, and continuing on southwesterly towards New 

pHARLES W. BROWN,— born Oct. 
^ 2, 1796, in North Stonington, 
Conn.; district school education; 
learning carpenter's trade, in 1817 
came on foot to Ohio, reaching 
Middlebury, 700 miles, February 28, 
Mrs. Brown, nee Miss Henrietta Hal- 
se5', to whom he was married June 9, 
1816. arriving in the following Au- 
gust, by ox-team ; lived in Middlebury 
15 j'ears, working at his trade, mean- 
time purchasing the 115 acre farm 
upon which he resided from 1832 
until his death, at the present junc- 
tion of East Market street and Buch- 
tel avenue, dividing his time between 
farming and jobbing at his trade, 
opening streets, building bridg-es, 
etc., among others opening Market 
and Main streets, building the Stone 
(late Baptist) Church, the High (Jen- 
nings) School building-, etc. Though 
a man of peace, he took an active 
part in earl}' local military matters, 
holding- a lieutenant's commission 
for five years. Mr. Brown w^as the 
father of five daughters and one son 
— Mary, wife of Edward F. Pulaifer, of 
Chicago; Prudence, wife of John W. 
Sabin, of Akron, (both deceased), 
Antoinette, wife of Benjainin Mc- 
Naughton, of Akron ; Lucy, wife of 
Robert P. Henry, of Akron,who died in 



1850 ; Alice, now Mrs. William H. Mills, 
of Akron, and Capt. Henry H. Brown, 
of Akron. Mrs. Brown dying Septem- 
ber 23, 1859, Mr. B. was again married 
on May 11, 1864, to Mrs. Lydia Will- 
iams, of Connecticut, who died Sep- 
tember 6, 1865, Mr. Brown himself 
dying June 1, 1888, at the age of 91 
years, 7 months and 29 days. 

The new village wras named "Akron" at the suggestion of 
Charles Olcott, Esq., of Medina, from a Greek word signifying 
"high," tlii^ being the highest point of land on the line of the 
canal bet-ween Lake Erie and the Ohio River. It is not, however, 
as is popularly supposed, the highest land in the State, though no 
other point in Ohio, probably, can boast of a location that, through 
the fresh and living waters gushing from its summit, daily 
replenishes the Atlantic ocean at two separate points more than 
two thousand miles apart, the northern outflow from our own 
beautiful Summit Lake reaching the ocean through the Cuyahoga 
river. Lake Erie, the Niagara river, Lake Ontario and the river 
and Gulf of St. Lawrence; while from its southern outlet its waters 
find their way to the ocean through the Tuscarawas, the Muskin- 
gum, the Ohio and the Mississippi rivers, and the Gulf of 
Mexico. ' 

Apropos of the name of "Akron," Gen. Perkins was greatly 
chaffed, by his Warren neighbors, while he was engaged in laying 
out his new town in what they regarded a very forbidding locality, 



and many ludicrous names were suggested, one of his most 
persistent teasers being Judge Calvin Pease, grandfather of our 
well known citizen, Calvin Pease Humphrey, Esq., and after 
whom the latter was named. Judge Pease "was a fine scholar, 
and had suggested a number of classical names, vv^ith the most 
ridiculous definitions, and in consulting with Mr. Olcott, also a 
fine classical scholar. Gen. Perkins told him that he wanted a 
nanle that would not only represent the topographical position 
of the town, but one, also, that Judge Pease could not perpetrate a 
pun upon. After having adopted the name selected by Mr. Olcott, 
on his return to Warren he was accosted by Judge Pease with: 
"Well, General, have you named your new village yet?" "Yes," 
said the General, "we've named it Akron." "Ach-e-ron! Ach-e- 
ron!" said the Judge thoughtfully. "Ah, yes, I see! Ach-e-ron — 
river in hell, hev ? A very appropriate name indeed ! " Classical 
scholars, as "well as those familiar -with the original "lay o' the 
land" hereabouts, -will at once see the aptness of this retort. 

In this connection, also, it may properljr be mentioned that 
Akron's christener, Charles Olcott, more than 65 years ago, 
invented and built the model of an iron ship, -which he in vain 
urged upon the public authorities to adopt; a style of ship now in 
common use without the bestowal of a thought upon the original 

in Roxbury, Massachusetts, 
June 6, 1794 ; common school edu- 
cation ; came to Middleburj', (now 
Akron, Sixth Ward), in spring of 1817, 
and was married the following June 
to Miss Clarissa Hart, daughter of 
Rufus Hart, who settled in Middle- 
burj' in 1815 ; in earlj- life worked at 
the clothier's trade, and officiated as 
minister of the gospel of the Baptist 
faith, his quite extensive congreg'a- 
tion being greatly decimated and 
altogether broken up bjr sickness and 
death during the building of the 
Ohio Canal. Enterprising- and suc- 
cessful, he purchased a large tract 
of land in Springfield township, 
raising- and dealing in stock, and 
talcing large droves of horses, cattle 
mules, etc., over the moutitains. In 
1834 he moved upon the farm and 
built the fine stone mansion, where 
the daughter. Miss A. Louise Sumner, 
now resides. He was Associate 
Judge for Portage count}' nine shears, 
and on the organization of Sumnait 
Count}', 1840, was made one of its 
first Associate Judges, which posi- 
tion he held until his death, June 22, 
1845, at the age of 51 years and 16 
days, Mrs. Sumner dying March 3, 


1872, aged 75 years, 10 months and' 
25 days. The daughter. Miss Louise, 
has never married, and is managing 
the fine estate left bj' her parents 
with admirable judgment, libei-ality 
and beneficence. 


At that time the only hotels, or taverns as they were then 
called, west of Middlebury, within the territory now embraced in 
Summit County, on the Warren and Wooster road, were those of 



Joshua King, a log structure, on the present site of County 
Surveyor Charles E. Perkins' residence, in the -west part of the 
city; a story and a-half frame building nearly opposite, on the 
east, kept b3^ Pliny Wilcox; the two story frame house of Henry 
Clark, at New Portage ; and one or two wayside inns at or near 
Johnson's Corners; for houses of "entertainment for man and 
beast," of rather a primitive character, were to be found at most of 
the township centers, and at frequent intervals along all the 
public thoroughfares, in those early days. On the Smith road 
also, leading from Old Portage to Medina, on the line between 
Copley and Bath, besides two or three others further west, was 
the notable and somewhat notorious "Latta's Tavern," kept by 
one William Latta, at what was then called "Latta's Corners," 
afterwards for many years known as " Ellis' Corners," but which 
is now known as the village of Montrose. The original building, 
substantially as first constructed, is still doing duty as a hotel. 
But of this hotel and others, and their early proprietors, more 



lOSWELL KENT,- born in Lej-den, Massachusetts, Maj- 18, 1798; removing 
^ with his parent.s to Hudson, Ohio, about the j^ear 1812; educational 
iidvantag-es quite limited; at majorit}' entered store of his brother Zenas 
(father of Hon. Marvin Kent, of Kent), at Ravenna. About 1820, he estab- 
lished a store in Middlebury, (now Akron, Sixth Ward), for his brother and 
Capt. Heraan Oviatt, of Hudson, buying- out the concern about 1826, and 
continuing- the business on his own account for several years. He then 
c'lio-aged in the manufacture of woolen machinery, as a member of the hrm 
of Irish, Kent & McMillan, afterwards Irish, Kent & Baldwin, later changed 
to Kent, Baldwin & Co., which he followed until his death, July 19, 1871. Mr. 
Kent was married to Miss Eliza Hart, daughter of Joseph and Annie 
(Hotchkiss) Hart, the first settlers in Middlebury (1807), who was born 
Augtist 6, 1808, being the first white child born within, the present limits of 
Akron and the third born in Tallmadge township. Seven children were 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Kent, three of whom, onh-, are living -Ella K., now Mrs. 
Finley McNaughton, of Youngstown; Russell H., Secretary and Treasurer 
,of the Akron Stoneware Company; and Flora K., now Mrs. T. S. Page, of 
Toledo. Mrs Kent is still living in the enjoyment of reasonably good 
health, at the ripe age of over 83 years. 



The farm house of Paul Williams, a one story frame building, 
on the laying out of the new village, was found to stand in about 
the center of South Broadway, a little south of Middlebury street, 
and was accordingly moved a few rods to the eastward, where, as 
the -well known Babcock house, it still stands, in a remarkably 
fair state of preservation. The first building erected in the new 
village, however, was the tavern of Henry Clark, on the northeast 
corner of South Main and Exchange streets, the main portion of 
which building still stands upon the same site. Up to the 
occupation of this house, in the latter part of the Summer of 1825, 
the largely augmented hotel business of the vicinage, pertaining 
to canal operations, was transacted in Middlebury, the letting of 
the contracts from Cleveland to Summit Lake, having been made 
at Chittenden's hotel, early in June of that year; sections further 
south being let at other convenient points along the line of the 
canal during the same month. 

XHOMAS NORTON,— born in 
J- Oneida Co., N. Y., April 6, 1806; 
same year parents moved to Ohio, 
first to Smithfield, Trumbull Count}\ 
and in 1809, to Tallmadge, the father, 
Peter Norton, in 1813, purchasing- 200 
acres of land, in Springfield township 
adj acent to the village of Middlebur j^, 
on a portion of which Mr. Norton 
still lives, though somewhat physi- 
cally infirm, in full possession of his 
mental faculties, at the age of nearly 
86 years. Mr. Norton was married 
January 10, 1847, to Miss Hannah M. 
Coney, born in Stark County, April 
13, 1812. Of their two daughters, 
Martha M. was married, June 2, 1873, 
to Mr. Theodore Johns, a former 
Middlebury bo5^, now a prosperous 
shoe merchant in Des Moines, Iowa, 
and Mary P. is now the wife of Mr. 
Joseph Cook, a prominent manufac- 
turer of Akron, whose portrait ahd 
biography will be found elsewhere, 
Mr. and Mrs. Cook now occupying 
the old homestead, and kindly min- 
istering to the care and comfort of 
Father Norton, in his declining years. 


Mrs. Norton havingdied at the home 
of her daughter in Des Moines, Iowa, 
August 7, 1886 in the 75th year of her 


Though some work had previously been done by the con- 
tractors in this vicinity, the formal breaking of ground took place 
at Licking Summit, near Newark, on the 4th of July, 1825, DeWitt 
Clinton, the projector and "Patron Saint" of the Erie Canal,, 
performing the ceremony, aided by the then Governor of Ohio, 
Hon. Jeremiah Morrow, amid great rejoicing by the assembled 
thousands, with booming of cannon, beating of drums, and other 
characteristic oratorical and gustatorical festivities of those early 
times. The distinguished New Yorker, and his retinue of traveling 
companions and servants, came to Buffalo by the Erie Canal; 
from Buffalo to Cleveland via Lake Erie, and from Cleveland to 
Middlebury in stage coaches. Remaining over night at Chitten- 



den's hotel, early on the morning of July 2nd, in the private 
carriages of Mr. Chittenden and Mr. John McMillen, they started 
for Newark, our lately deceased 91-year-old fellow citizen, Talmon 
Beardsley, Esq., officiating as the driver of Mr. Chittenden's team. 

-I Delhi, Delaware Co., N.Y., De- 
cember 15, 1799 ; in 1810 moved with 
parents to Licking Co., Ohio, settling 
on wild land which Talmon helped to 
clear and cultivate, attending school 
about three months per year ; in Sum- 
mer of 1818, walked to Middlebury 
(now Akron, Sixth Ward) finding em- 
ployment in the oW ( uyahoga Fur- 
nace of Laird & Norton, going to school 
part of the time ; in 1819, entered the 
employ of Henry Chittenden, hotel 
keeper, farmer, canal contractor, etc., 
with whom he continued 14 years ; 
October 27, 1831, was married to Miss 
Temperance Spicer, fourth daughter 
of Major Miner Spicer, settling upon 
a 75 acre farm near Middlebury, 
selling that in 1833 and purchasing 
100 acres in Coventry, now largely 
embraced within the city limits of 
Akron, which he brought up to a 
high degree of cultivation, and upon 
which they lived until 1864, when 
they removed to Akron. Their five 
children are Ann, wife of Mr. George 
W. Hart, of Cuyahoga Falls ; Mills H., 
hotel keeper at Green River, Utah; 
Avery S., now residina- at Adrian, 
Mich.; Harriet, wife of Gates A. Bab- 
cock, now^ living in Fremont, Ohio; 
Louisa D., wife of Mr. Geo. Stover, of 


Canal Fulton, Ohio. In 1889 Mr. and 
Mrs. Beardsley went to reside with 
Mr. and Mrs. Stover, where Mrs. B. 
died April 20, 1891, aged 83 years, 6 
months and 5 days, Mr. Beardsley 
dying July 18, 1891, aged 91 years, 7 
months and 3 days. 


Soon after the commencement of work upon the canal and 
locks at this point, and following closely upon the erection of the 
hotel of Henry Clark, a man named Benedict built a two-story 
frame store, on the southwest corner of Main and Exchange 
streets, which was for many years, under successive proprietors, 
known as the " Mammoth Store." From this time on, lots in the 
new" village sold quite rapidly, and a considerable number of 
residences and shops were erected for the accommodation of the 
large number of contractors and operatives required to build the 
canal, and construct the locks and bridges in this vicinity. The 
lower lands of what is now called North Akron, being thickly 
dotted over with log and slab shanties, inhabited mostly by Irish 
laborers upon the canal, was christened, and for many years 
retained, the historic name of "Dublin." Thus, by the time the 
canal was finished, in 1827, the village had, including its Dublin 
suburb, a population of perhaps two hundred souls, embracing 
merchants, lawyers, doctors, mechanics, laborers, and "gentlemen 
of leisure," of which latter class, more anon. The more substan- 
tial improvements were on the east side of the canal, on Main and 
Exchange streets, several of the original structures still standing 
where they were then erected, though one or two grocery stores 



and two freight warehouses were soon afterwards located upon 
the west side of the canal, one ,of the latter at the head of Lock 
One, still standing, and the other on the north side of the bridge, a 
warehouse also being located on the east side of the lower basin, 
about where the Brewster coal chutes are now. 

-I Thomas and Elizabeth (Holland) 
Sumner, was born in Townshend, 
Vt., February 2.i. 1800 ; at 16, came to 
Pittsburg, where he worked for a 
time at nail-making-, when he caine 
to Middlebury, where his brother 
Charles was then living-, where he 
early became prominent in business 
affairs, engaging in milling, mer- 
chandising, contracting-, etc., bviild- 
ing many of the bridges and dams 
in Akron, besides doing considerable 
«tone work on the Ohio Canal. In 
1849, as Captain and Treasurer of the 
"Middleburj' Mining Company," he 
Avent, by ox-team, overland to Cali- 
fornia, -where, mining and merchan- 
dising, he remained nearly three 
years. On liis return to Middleburj', 
he eng-aged in fanning, but later 
sold his farm and opened a stone- 
quarry and engaged in contracting 
stone work until his death, November 
18, 1868, at the age of 68 j'ears, 8 
months and 23 days. March 19, 1837, 
Mr. Sumner was married to Mrs. 
Elizabeth (Hammel) Miller, a native 
of Ithaca, N. Y., born September 21, 
1812, her first husband, Arthur Miller, 
to whom she was married January 
29, 1827, having- died of consumption, 
at Pautuxet, R. I., whither he had 


gone in hopes of recovering his 
health, July 16, 1830, leaving two 
children, since deceased. Mrs. Surn- 
ner, in comfortable health and cir- 
cumstances, still survives. 

The first regular boat to navigate the waters of the Ohio 
Canal -was called the "Ohio." It was built upon the east side of 
the lower basin, about where Jackson & Lyman's planing mill now 
stands, according to the recollection of the late George Dailey, of 
Cuyahoga Falls, by Alexander and Edward Wheeler, the hulk of 
the ancient craft now h'ing in the mud in a small cove in the 
berme bank of the canal near the residence of the late James 
Robinson, of Coventry. It was launched on the 27th daj^ of June, 
1827, and, after receiving a few finishing touches, and its furniture, 
commissary stores, etc., on the third day of July, under command 
of Captain Henry Richards, an experienced navigator from the 
Erie Canal, started, with a full load of passengers, amid the 
huxzas of the multitude, the firing of cannon, etc., for Cleveland, 
to participate the next day in the dual celebration of the Nation's 
birthday — the glorious Fourth — and the arrival of the first boat 
from the "port" of Akron, via the new canal. The late John C. 
Stearns, of Copley, claims to have been steersman of the "Ohio," 
on its initial excursion trip, while Northampton claims for the 
late Job Harrington, of that township, the honor of having 
propelled said craft fronri Akron to Cleveland and back, with his 
own team of substantial farm horses. 




Doctor Kliakim Crosby, to whom 
Akron is more largely indebted 
for its manufacturing existence than 
to any other one man, was born 
in Litchfield, Conn., March 2, 1779. 
He was educated and for some time 
engaged in teaching in and about 
Litchfield. In 1806, he went to Buf- 
falo, where he read medicine with a 
Dr. Chapin, allopathic, though in the 
early forties he embraced, and for 
a while practiced, the homeopathic 
system of medicine. About 1808 or 
1809 he -went to Simcoe, Canada, 
where he was married to Miss Marcia 
Beemer in 1810. In the war of 1812, 
Dr. Crosby entered the service of the 
United States as a surgeon in the army, in consequence of which 
his property in Canada was confiscated by that government. In 
1820 he removed with his family to Ohio, locating in the then 
enterprising village of Middlebury. Though giving some attention 
to the practice of medicine, he soon became interested in the 
various enterprises of the time, in connection with Mr. Henry 
Chittenden taking a contract upon the ca;nal, between Bethlehem 
and Zoar, and for furnishing 16,000 bushels of water-lime for the 
construction of locks in 1826-7. Previous to the completion of 
these contracts. Dr. Crosby purchased of Mr. Ralph Plum the 
Cuyahoga Furnace property, originally erected by Aaron Norton 
and \Vm. Laird in 1817, on the present site of the Seiberling 
flouring mill. This purchase included the property on the opposite 
side of the Canton road, for many years past known as the "Aunt 
Betsj' Stewart homestead," the doctor removing his family into 
the small frame house erected by Mr. Plum, and now doing 
service as a horse barn and carriage house. 

This furnace, originally devoted to the smelting of such iron 
ores as were found in the vicinity, was, by Dr. Crosby, largely 
devoted to the manufacture of plows and sundry other agricultural 
and household articles in demand at that time. The furnace was 
at this time run by water power from a dam across the Little 
Cuyahoga river, near the present woolen and felt works. A year 
or two later Dr. Crosby sold the furnace property, including his 
dwelling house, to the Stewart brothers, Arnold, Isaac and Daniel 
B. The Doctor then bought the sawmill property, near the dam, 
and by securing the control of the river above, built a dam three- 
fourths of a mile further up, and by race and flume, secured a better 
head of water, both for the furnace property, his saw mill and 
the large two-story grist inill which he erected where the felt 
works now stand; building for himself, in the meantime, a new 
dwelling house on or near the present site of the Kent 
school house. After running these mills a year or two Dr. Crosby 
sold his mill property to the late Increase Sumner, who also 
opened a store in the business portion of the village, both of 
which, finding himself financially embarrassed, Mr. Sumner trans- 
ferred to his two brothers, Edward and Charles, in 1832. 


The Doctor now got his practical eye upon " bigger game," 
and by his mysterious maneuvers led certain property owners to 
believe that he was endeavoring to divert the business of the 
town to a point further down the stream, towards or below the 
Old Forge, and a combination was entered into by which it was 
sought to dam the river at, or near, what is now known as the 
"White Grocery," and froni thence conduct the water through 
Blue Pond to a point near where the Akron Sewer Pipe works 
now stand, thus creating a water power that would overshadow 
anything that the Doctor could command lower down the stream. 
That eminent hydraulic tmgineer, Col. Sebried Dodge, (afterwards 
owning and living upon, until his death, what is known as the 
"Dodge farm," three miles southwest of Akron) was employed by 
the syndicate to make the surveys, and both loud and frequent 
were the boasts made to the Doctor that they would head him off, 
to all of which the Doctor would pleasantly, but significantly 
reply: " Gentlemen, ^p-our scheme won't work, but mine -will; and 
what's more, it will cause the grass to groiv in j^our streets, and 
make a goose pasture of your tovrn." 

Thus time passed on. Engineer Dodge found that very little, 
if any, additional power could be obtained by the plan proposed 
than by following the natural course of the stream to the point 
designated, and that scheme w^as abandoned. In the meantime 
the Doctor pursued the even tenor of his way, quietly obtaining 
control of the river bed and all the lands upon either side, as far 
west as the lands of Gen. Perkins, through w^hich the Ohio Canal 
had been constructed, when, suddenly, like a peal of thunder 
from a clear sky, it burst upon the astonished intellects of the 
Middleburghers, that an arrangement had been made between the 
Doctor and Gen. Perkins to conduct the entire w^aters of the river, 
by means of a race, to be immediately constructed, from the north 
part of that village to a point near Lock Five on the Ohio Canal, 
from whence they could be used over and over again, as far as 
Lock Seventeen, for milling and manufacturing purposes. 

This was in 1831. The surveys being completed, a large force 
of men -wras at once set to w^ork constructing the race, a consider- 
able portion of -which, from about opposite the present Fair 
Grounds to Summit street, had to be quarried from the solid rock. 
The next year, 1832, the building then, and ever since known as 
the " Stone Mill," at Lock Five was begun ; both the race and the mill 
being completed and running early in 1833. The lands purchased 
by Dr. Crosby were consolidated with the 300 acre tract, so-called, 
belonging to Gen. Perkins, and by those gentlemen, and Judge 
Leicester King, of Warren, who had in the meantime purchased a 
one-third interest in the enterprise, had been platted into streets, 
lots, etc., and quite a good many lots sold and improved, though 
the plat was not put to record until the 10th day of August, 1833 ; 
the new plat covering the territory between North street, on the 
north, and the "gore," so called, (Quarry, Bowery and West 
Center streets) on the south, and Summit street upon the east, 
and Oak and Walnut streets upon the west. It was said, with 
how much truth the writer cannot say, though with a strong 
shade of probability, that to prevent observation and the miscar- 
riage of his designs, the Doctor did much of his surveying and 
the running of his levels for his contemplated race, by moonlight. 


as all of his movements had to be m.ade on the sly, until after the 
control of the river bed had been secured by the purchase of 
contiguous lands on either side. 

As a sample of some of the difficulties encountered and over- 
come, some 15 acres off from the north end of the 45 acre tract 
deeded by Gen. Perkins to Mr. Charles W. Brown, as before stated, 
being needed for the race, and the control of the waters of the 
river, and suspecting that the Doctor's designs were deeper than 
was apparent upon their surface, Mr. Brown drove so sharp a 
bargain with him that 57 acres of much better land, immediately 
adjoining him upon the east, was obtained from the Doctor for the 
smaller parcel needed. Also upon the north side of the Little 
Cuyahoga river was a 300 acre farm belonging to Mr. William 
Phelps, a small corner of which ran down into the bed of the 
stream, and which had to be secured before the waters could be 
diverted from their natural channel. This acre or two Mr. Phelps 
would not sell at any price, unless they would take the entire farm 
at the exorbitant price, for those days, of $14,000 in gold. An 
option for a certain number of days having been obtained by 
Judge King, late in the afternoon of the last day of the option the 
Judge appeared at the Phelps matision with the coin. On 
inquiring for Mr. Phelps, the Judge was informed that he was 
away from home; but could get no information as to where he had 
gone nor how soon he would be back. "Very well," said the Judge, 
" I'll wait for him," and wait he did until near midnight, when he 
took the bag of gold from his pocket and began counting it out 
and piling it upon the table, and then and there made a tender of 
the sum agreed upon to Mrs. Phelps, as the representative of her 
husband. After the midnight hour had passed Phelps came forth 
from his hiding, but refused to receive the money, claiming that 
the time of the option was up; thinking perhaps, that by holding 
off he could extort from them still higher figures. Finally a day 
or two later, on the advice of Mr. Bro-wn, he executed a deed to 
Judge King, and took his money, a portion of which he invested in 
farming lands in Wadsworth, Medina County. 


As indicated by the name given to Dr. Crosby's "ditch" — the 
"Cascade Mill Race," — the embryo rival to the ancient village of 
Middlebury and the original town of Akron, was at first called 
"Cascade," though it was finally platted under the name of Akron. 
Hence the first store on the site now occupied by Hall's block, 
corner of Market and Howard streets, erected by Mr. Seth Iredell 
(father of our present fellow citizen, Robert S. Iredell) in 1832, was 
called the "Cascade Store," while the first hotel, erected the same 
year, by James Baldwin (father of Capt. Aaron P- Baldwin) and 
Lewis Kilbourn (father of William W. Kilbourn, of 212 East 
Exchange street), was called the "Cascade House;" and for several 
years, both at home and abroad, the snappy and prosperous new 
village was known as "Cascade," rather than by its platted and 
ultimately well-established cognomen of Akron. 

About simultaneously with the building of the race and the 
Stone Mill, two blast furnaces had been erected at the North End 
— the "^tna," near Lock Twelve, by Parsons, DuBois & Co., (L. M. 



Parsons, Robert K. DuBois and William Slater) succeeded early 
in 1833 by Hart, DuBois & Co., (William J. Hart, Robert K. DuBois 
and David J. Garrett) and the " Portage," on the present site of 
Dr. J. H. Peterson's Assembly Hall, by Fenn & Howard, (Jonathan 
F. Fenn and Charles W. Howard), the blast of the former run by 
the waters of the Cascade Mill race, and that of the latter by the 
waters of Wilcox run (the cemeterj^ brook) brought in a race and 
"wooden flume from a little above the cemetery lodge and crossing 
West Market street, at its present junction -with Cherry street. 
About the same time, also, Messrs. David and Jesse Allen and 
Col. Reuben McMillan, under the firm name of Aliens & McMillan 
erected a three-story frame building, a little southwest of what is 
no-w known as the Allen Mills, where they entered largely into 
the manufacture of carding and spinning machines, for which 
there was quite a demand in those early days. This factory -was, 
a few years later, converted into a flouring mill by Messrs. Joseph 
A. Beebe (our late City Librarian) and William E. Wright, (late of 
Rome, N. Y.,) and was called the "Center Mill," and though it long 
years ago gave place to the Allen Mills, the most excellent brand 
of flour, called "Center Mills," is still a favorite with many of our 

JESSE ALLEN,— sixth son of Jesse 
J Allen, senior, one of the pioneers 
of Coventry, was born in Tompkins 
Co., N. Y., May 1, 1807, removing with 
iamily to Ohio in 1811. Though his 
education was limited he was remark- 
ably intelligent, and earl3f acquired 
prominence in business, social and 
political circles. In bo5'hood worked 
on farm, later learning the trade of a 
stone cutter, at which he became 
quite expert, especially in carving, 
lettering, etc. About 1833, with his 
brother, David, and the late Reuben 
McMillan, he erected a large three- 
storj' building, west of the present 
barrel-house of the Allen Mills, and 
engaged in the manufacture of wool- 
carding and spinning machinerj^ On 
the retirement of Mr. McMillan, three 
3'ears later, D. and J. Allen erected 
the shop on the west side of Loclt 7, 
now embraced in the Akron Building 
and Cabinet Company's plant. Mr. 
David Allen dying December 6, 1842, 
at the age of 42 jears and 4 days, the 
original shop having meantime been 
converted into the well-remembered 
Center Mill, Mr. Allen, in connection 
with other members of the family, 
eng-aged in milling, later, with his 
brothers Jacob and Hiram, and the 
late Jedediah D. Commins, engaging 
in the manufacture of satinets, in the 


building now known as the Allen 
Mills, the change from cloth to flour 
being made in 1856, in which business 
he continued until his death, Sept. 
24, 1863, at the age of 56 years, 4 
months 23 days. Mr. Allen served 
three years as member of the Village 
Council— 1837-38-44. He never mar- 


In 1832, Jonathan F. Fenn and Charles W. Howard, (son-in- 
law of Dr. Crosby), placed a stock of general merchandise in the 
store which had been erected by Mr. Seth Iredell as above stated, 



but that firm having failed, in the Spring of 1835 the building was 
leased to Mr. P. I). Hall, and, as lessee and o'wner, the stand has 
been continuously occupied by that gentleman to the present 
time. The "Cascade" House was opened by Mr. Willard W. 
Stevens, (now living at Tontogany, Wood County, Ohio), and 
kept by that gentleman until the Fall of 1834, when the lease was 
transferred to our present venerable fellow citizen, and model 
landlord, Mr. Charles B. Cobb, who changed its name to the 
"Pavilion House." These pioneer hotel, mercantile and manufac- 
turing establishments, vsrere rapidly followed by others, so that, 
when the 'writer arrived in Akron, June 10, 1835, though the South 
End still held the ascendency, in point of imports and sales of 
merchandise, shipments of produce, etc., the North End was- 
rapidly developing its manufacturing and commercial resources, 
and in population, also, rapidly approached the former. 

^^ in Galway, Saratoga Co., N. Y., 
Ma5' 25, 1799, when young moving' 
with parents to Lima, Livingston Co.; 
soon after coming of age was com- 
missioned Colonel of artillery ; Oct. 
24, 1824, was married to Miss Orpha 
Partridge, of Thetford, Vt, who bore 
him six children — Geo. Willis, died 
in infancy; Harriet Louisa, now Mrs. 
D. E. Hill, of Akron; Lucinda Avis, 
late Mrs. Robert Foster, of Minneap- 
olis; Caroline Eliza, deceased; George 
R. died young; and Frances A., now 
Mrs. O. W. Keller, of Montana. In 
1832, came to Middlebury and a year 
or two later to Akron, engaging with 
Messrs. David and Jesse Allen 
in the manufacture of carding ma- 
chines; in 1836 went to Massillon and 
started the same business there. The 
works being destroyed by fire, in 1840 
he returned to Middlebury and or- 
ganized the firm of Kent, Irish & Mc- 
Millan, successful manufacturers of 
carding and spinning machinery for 
many years. Col. McMillan was an 
early advocate of the cause of tem- 
perance, and an earnest abolitionist, 
both by his tongue and pen advo- 
cating the doctrines of the "Wilmot 

The joint population of the two villages at this time was 
probably from 600 to 900, though in the copy of a petition to the 
Legislature, now in possession of the writer, dated December 18, 
1835, for a bank charter for Akron, the committee composed of 
James W. Phillips, Richard Howe, Erastus Torrey, S. A. Wheeler, 
Justus Gale, Simon Perkins, Jr., J. D. Commins, R. McMillan and 
Seth Iredell, state the population of the town to be between l,20a 
and 1,300. It is quite probable, however, that it was intended to 
include, in this estimate, the inhabitants of Middlebury and other 
adjacent territory, who would be patrons of, and benefited by, the 
establishment of a bank in Akron, the entire population of 
Portage township, five years later, including Akron, the 
"Chuckery," and a portion of Middlebury, being, by the census of 
1840, but 2,381. 


Proviso," and using his personal in- 
fluence, in Washington, to secure its 
passage; was also an able and intelli- 
gent advocate of labor reform and 
protection to American manufac- 
tures. Mr. McMillan died Nov. 9,. 
1851, aged 52 years, 5 months, 14 days, 
Mrs. McMillan dying March 31, 1887, 
aged 83 years, 1 month, 5 da3's. 



-T Bridgeport, Conn., Oct. 10, 1806; 
educated at Weston Academy; at 20 
engaged in teaching at Saugatuck, 
Conn., where he also clerked in dry 
goods store a j^ear and a half; return- 
ing to Bridgeport, engaged in the 
grocery shipping trade and import- 
ing West India products; in Summer 
of 1834 first visited Akron, and in May 
1835, established himself in the gen- 
eral merchandise trade, corner of 
Howard and Market streets, then 
called the "Cascade Store." The 
original store, a two-story frame, 
being destroyed by fire, February 17, 
1851, the present three-story brick 
blocli was erected and occupied 
the same season. In 1842 Mr. Hall 
was joined in business by his brother 
Orlando, who was married to Miss 
Sophia R. Towne, December 12, 1854, 
and died March 10, 1855, Mr. Hall soon 
afterwards associating with himself 
his brother Lorenzo, under the firm 
name of "Hall Brothers," which ar- 
rangement still continues. Mr. Hall 
was married December 30, 1841, to Miss 
Martha McElhinney, of Allegheny 
City, Pa., who died in New York, Feb- 
ruary 20, 1889, Mr. Hall in 1857 having 


established his family residence in 
that city, dividing his time between 
travel and purchasing supplies for 
his firm, though at frequent intervals 
giving his personal attention to bus- 
iness and property interests here. 


The completion of the Cascade Mill race, the starting of the 
Stone Mill, and other business enterprises resulting therefrom, 
soon culminated in a very bitter triangular rivalry bet-ween 
Middlebury and the t-wo Akrons, and especially between the North 
and South Akronites. The ancient emporium had struggled 
bravely to prevent the diminution of its business by the establish- 
ment of a rival village at the Summit, and for the reason that the 
former, through its ■water power, possessed superior manufac- 
turing advantages, w^as for a time fairly successful in holding its 
own, if not, in fact, slo^wly advancing. But this new rival — 
Cascade — was an impending calamity to be fought to the bitter 
end by both the Middleburghers and Southenders; for the Doctor's 
"goose pasture" prediction, in regard to the former, was not only 
likely to be speedily and literally fulfilled, but South Akron, also, 
was in imminent danger of sharing the same fate. Hence, when 
the denizens of the former could no longer retain all the trade 
from the south and east, they would use their best endeavors to 
turn it towards the south end, representing the inhabitants of 
"Cascade" as being a set of cut- throats, and the village itself as 
reeking with pestilential miasms that it would be dangerous to 
encounter, even for an hour. These representations were also 
persistently promulgated by the Southenders, and every possible 
device adopted to keep the people of the country from visiting the 
lower village. At the forks of the road, at the intersection of East 
Market and Middlebury streets, the Southenders erected, upon the 
south side of the road, a guide board, pointing towards that village, 
bearing the inscription " Akron, 1 mile Ji@°°." This was imitated by 
he Northenders, the board pointing towards that village also 



reading "Akron, 1 mile JiJ^""." This was speedily demolished by 
the Southenders, followed almost as speedily, by the destruction 
of their own board by the irate Northenders. Both of these 
boards were several times replaced with like results, and several 
personal collisions took place between the parties detailed to 
guard the boards in question. At length a compromise was 
effected, said boards being inscribed "South Akron" and "North 
Akron" respectively; after which, so far as the guide board 
contest was concerned, there was a cessation of hostilities ; but, as 
will be seen further on, the "cruel war" was by no means over. 

pOL. JUSTUS GALE, — bora in 
V-> Guilford, Vt., January 14, 1798; 
June 23, 1823, was married to Miss 
Sarah Hyde, who was born in Guil- 
ford, April 26, 1802; in July, 1833 remov- 
ed to Akron, as a member of the firm of 
Pulsifer, Gale & Austin, establishing- 
a store on the east side of South 
Main street, near Exchange, and a 
3-ear later the pioneer tin-shop in 
North Akron, and erecting- a dwelling- 
house on the southeast corner of 
Howard and Mill streets, later erect- 
ing a cupola furnace and engaging 
extensively in stoves, hollow-ware, 
plows, etc. Col. Gale was active in 
all public enterprises, an earnest 
promoter of the cause of education; 
was one of the trustees of Akron's 
first high school project in 1837; was 
several times member of the Village 
Council, and one of the most influen- 
tial promoters of the New County 
project— 1835 to 1843. Col. Gale died 
June 28, 1847, aged 49 years, ?> months, 
14 days. Mr. and Mrs. Gale were the 
parents of six children — Lucy Jane, 
afterwards married to the late John 
H. Chamberlain, now Mrs. Alexander 
Brewster; Sarah Hyde, the first Mrs. 
Frank Adams, died in 1863, aged 35; 
Frances Harriet, died May 10, 1845, 
aged 16; Ann Elizabeth, now Mrs. 


Theodoric Balch, Henry Clay, 
farmer on West Exchange street; and 
Mary Gertrude, widow of the late 
James C. McNeil, whose portrait and 
biography appear elsewhere. Mrs. 
Gale, in full possession of all her 
faculties, now in her 90th year, still 


On my arrival in Akron, June 10, 1835, besides the "Clark 
Hotel," then kept by Mr. Lewis Humiston, -who was also at that 
time Akron's postmaster, there -was a t-wo-story frame tavern, 
directly east, on Exchange street, kept by Dr. Rufus Pierce, and a 
new t-wo-story and a half frame, the Summit House, on West 
Exchange street, kept by "Col." Lyman Green, afterwards from 
about 1839 to 1845 by Samuel Edgerly, father of Mr. Charles H. 
Edgerly and Mrs. Sarah M. E. Battels, Mr. Edgerly being a 
charter member of Akron Lodge, No. 83, F. & A. M., and dying 
in this city in 1852, while at the North end, besides the Pavilion 
House, kept by Mr. Charles B. Cobb, a three-story brick hotel, 
called the "Ohio Exchange," on the present site of Woods' Block, 
corner Market and Main streets, was completed and occupied by 
Gen. Duthan Northrop, of Medina, the same year. While it is not 
my design to name all the buildings, public and private, that then 



composed the two rival, and in fact, bitterly hostile, villages,, 
since, with the pioneer village of Middlebury, now bravely over its 
"goose pasture" stage of existence, consolidated into one compact, 
harmonious and enterprising city, I have been thus particular in ^ 
regard to those early hotels, because of the prominent part the3^ 
and their proprietors, and some of their patrons, will play as 
"dramatis personse" in the scenes and events to be recorded in 
these chapters. 

JULIUS A. SUMNER, born in 
J Townshend, Vt., January 2, 1802 ; 
educated in common school ; at 14 
started out for himself, soing first 
to Boston, then on foot to ifiintington. 
Pa., and soon to Pittsburg, working" 
in nail factory ; at 16 taught school 
one year ; in 1818 engaged with father 
and brother in the manufacture of 
bar and strap iron and nails in Mid- 
dlebury ; also inaking- frequent trips 
east, over the mountains with horses 
and cattle ; later carrying on a large 
farm, pottery and distillery, near 
Mogadore, and in the middle forties, 
erecting a large distillery at Lock 
Seventeen, and keeping Akron's prin- 
cipal hotel, the Ohio Exchange, on 
the present site of Woods' block, and 
quite an extensive store on the oppo- 
site side of the street ; later building 
Empire block, adjoining the Einpire 
Hotel on the -ivest, and the large 
hotel and opera house building-, cor- 
ner of Howard and Tallmadg-e streets. 
Though from time to time meeting 
with heavj' losses bj' fire, Mr. Suinner 
w^as phenomenallj- prosperous dur- 
ing a long business career, dying June 
20, 1882, at the age of 80 years, 5 months 
and 18 days. In 1824 Mr. Sumner was 
married to Miss Margaret New- 
comb, of Wadsworth, who bore him 
six children — Charles A. (now of 
Detroit), Mary (now Mrs. C.Ferguson, 
of Akron, Sixth Ward), Nellie (Mrs. 


J. B. Houghton, now deceased), Eliza 
(Mrs. E. S. Stillwell, of Coventr}), 
Albert A. (deceased) and Victoria 
(Mrs. George S. Clark, Akron). Mrs. 
Sumner dj'ing in 1849, in 1853 Mr. 
Sumner w^as again married to tlie 
widow of Heman A. Bradle}', wlio 
died October 18, 1880. 






'IPHE two villages, North and South Akron, having for the time 
A being placed their antagonisms in abeyance, in the Winter of 
1835-36, jointly petitioned the General Assembly of the State of 
Ohio for a town charter, which was duly granted on the 12th day 
of March, 1836. The territory described in the charter, comprised 
of portions of both Portage and Coventry townships, embraced the 
territory within the recent north, west and south corporation lines, 
and a line upon the east starting a short distance east of the south 
end of Spicer street, and running northerly, diagonally crossing 
Spicer street a short distance south of the old Spicer homestead, 
through Fir street to the north corporation line, a little east of Lock 
Sixteen, and containing about three and one-fourth square miles of 

By the terms of the charter it was provided that the first elec- 
tion for the new corporation should be held on the second Tuesday 
of June, 1836, at the usual place of holding elections in the town- 
ship of Portage, commencing between 9 and 10 o'clock in the fore- 
noon and closing at 4 o'clock in the afternoon, " white male inhab- 
itants" having resided in said town for the period of six months, 
and having the qualifications of electors for members of the Gen- 
eral Assembly, only, being allowed to vote. 

This initial election was held at the tavern of Asa Larned (the 
old Clark stand on the northeast corner of Main and Exchange 
streets), Harvey H. Johnson (lawyer), Rufus Pierce (hotel-keeper), 
and Zebulon Jones (shoemaker), acting as judges, and Franklin C. 
May (merchant), acting as the clerk of election, being elected KiVe 
T^oce by the electors in attendance, as provided by the charter. 

As the time for the election approached, there was, of course, 
a good deal of figuring as to candidates, the officers to be elected 
being Mayor, Recorder and five Trustees. Not only politics, but 
sectional interests and predilections, were invoked, both in the 
choice of candidates and at the polls. Whigs and Democrats were 
the only political parties then in vogue, and the lines, in both gen- 
eral and local elections, were usually dravsrn pretty taut, and the 
contests were often very warm, and sometimes extremely bitter. 

By this time the voting population of the North End was 
rather the stronger, and in the caucuses secured both of the can- 
didates for Mayor — Seth Iredell (Whig), and Dr. Eliakim Crosby 
(Democrat) — as well as both of the candidates for Recorder — Charles, 
W. Howard (Whig), and Constant Brj^an (Democrat). Politically, 
the new corporation was pretty evenly balanced, but an analysis 
of the vote, for Mayor and Recorder, wrill shovsr that sectional, rather 



than political, interest, was the most potent factor in determining 
the result. Mr. Iredell was a venerable Pennsylvania Quaker, 
a man of liberal means (for those days), and had been thoroughly 
identified with the growth and prosperity of the Lower Town frora* 
its very start, while Dr. Crosby was, in realitj'-, the very father 
thereof, by reason of his having projected and successfully com- 
pleted the Cascade Mill race, which made the very existence of the 
Lower Town possible. 

The vote for Mayor stood : Iredell (Whig), 91 ; Crosby (Democrat), 
75; clearly indicating that the very fact that the Lower Town 
existed through the genius and push of the enterprising Doctor, 
compassed his defeat. A like influence is also seen in the vote for 
Recorder; Mr. Howard, (Whig, but son-iri-law of Dr. Crosby), receiv- 
ing but 75 votes, while his competitor, Mr. Bryan (Democrat), 
received 87. The contest for Trustees seems to have been a sort of 
"go as you please" scrub race, 16 different persons receiving votes 
as follows : Erastus Torrey, 153 ; Jedediah D. Commins, 143 ; 
William B. Mitchell, 114; William E. Wright, 88; Justus Gale, 87; 
Noah M. Green, 124; Ansel Miller, 23; Robert K. DuBois, 43; 
Samuel A. Wheeler, 4 ; Alvah Hand, 3 ; Hiram Payne, 7 ; Eliakim 
Crosby, 13 ; Seth Iredell, 3 ; Richard Howe, 1 ; Eber Blodgett, 
2; and Capt. Howe, 1. Erastus Torrey (South Akron, Whig), 
Jedediah D. Commins, (South Akron, Democrat), Noah M. Green, 
(South Akron, Whig), William B. Mitchell, (North Akron, Demo- 
crat), and William E. Wright, (North Akron, Whig), were returned 
as duly elected, but Mr. Mitchell declining to qualify, the Council, 
at its second meeting, appointed Col. Justus Gale, (of North 
Akron, Whig), to fill the vacancj^ ; the Mayor and Recorder, with 
the five Trustees, constituting the Town Council, and five 
members constituting a quorum ; Marshal, Treasurer, Engineer, 
Solicitor, etc., being appointive offices hj the Council. 


As above stated, Seth Iredell re- 
ceived 91 votes for Mayor out of a 
total vote of 166, being a majority of 
16 over the vote of his worthy com- 
petitor, Dr Crosby. This total vote 
of 166, making the very liberal 
allowance of five inhabitants for 
every vote cast, would make the 
total population of the town at this 
period, 830 souls, only, instead of 
1,200 or 1,300, as represented a year 
previous, in the memorial to the 
Legislature for a bank charter, here- 
tofore alluded to. 

Mr. Seth Iredell, the first recip- 
ient of Akron's highest hqnor, the 
mayoralty, was a Pennsylvania 
Quaker, then about 62 years of age, 
but still remarkably vigorous, both 
physically and mentally. Though, 
characteristic of his sect, he was 
moderate in conversation, and con- 


Akron's first mayor. 51 

servative in business and official inatters, he was, nevertheless, 
decided in his opinions, and diligent in the discharge of every 
private obligation and public dutj-. Thus, while he looked care- 
fully after the welfare of the public, and labored faithfuUj' for the 
prosperity' of the entire town, being a man of peace, he also earnestly 
sought to harmonize sectional differences, and allay sectional ani- 
mosities. This characteristic also led him to discourage every 
species of litigation, and to peaceably and amicably adjust antag- 
onisms among his neighbors. Hence, though opening and keeping 
a mayor's docket, as required by law, he not only did not court 
magisterial business, but, so far as he could, turned such parties 
as Avere bound to fight, -w'hether civilly or criminally, over to the 
justices of the peace of the respective townships out of which the 
municipal corporation had been carved. 

The venerable and most amiable and devoted Quaker wife of 
Mr. Iredell, Mrs. Mary Iredell, died on the 17th day of March, 1839, 
at the age of 65 years, leaving no children. As soon thereafter as 
the proprieties would allow, Mr. Iredell married, for his second 
wife, Elizabeth (or Betsy) Davidson, who had been a faithful 
domestic in the family for several j^ears, and who died Nov. 30, 
1840, at the age of 34 years, leaving one son, "Charles Iredell, for 
many years a worthy citizen of Portage county, but now residing 
in Akron. 

Mr. Iredell married, for his third wife. Miss Mary Irvin, of 
Middlebury, March 4, 1841, with whom he lived quietly and hap- 
pily until his death, March 22, 1854, at the ripe age of 80 years. 
The fruit of this marriage was two sons — Seth, a bright and 
promising boy, who died at the age of seven years, September 
13, 1849, and Robert S., still living, a highly respected resident of 
his native city, over which, in its chrysalis existence, of more than 
a half a century ago, his venerable father reigned as its first 
chief magistrate. Mrs. Mary Irvin Iredell died April 19, 1883, at 
the age of 78 years. 

By the provisions of the charter, the tenure of municipal office 
was one year, only. The second annual election was held on the 
first Tuesday of June, 1837, at Clark's hotel, in South Akron, with 
Councilmen William E. Wright and William K. May, as judges, 
and Recorder Constant Bryan, as clerk. The record does not give 
the names of all the candidates voted for, but the result only. 
There were 155 votes polled, of which John C. Singletary. 
Jr., received 85 votes for Mayor ; William E. Wright, 135 votes 
for Recorder; and for Trustees, William K. May, ^33; William 
T. Mather, 145 ; Dana D. Evans, 125 ; Jesse Allen, 147 ; and 
Eber Blodgett, 110 votes, being an entirely new set of men, with 
the exception of William E. Wright, Recorder-elect, who had served 
as Trustee during the preceding year, and William K. May, who 
had several months before been appointed Trustee, in the place 
J. D. Commins, resigned. The new Council met for organization 
June 12, with Mayor Iredell in the chair, until the bond of the 
Mayor-elect, in the sum of $3,000, was approved, which was unani-" 
mously done, one of the eleven sureties upon the bond being the 
late Paris Tallman, Esq., of 803 East Market street. At the 
second meeting, September 17, Horace K. Smith was elected 
Treasurer, and Moses Cleveland, Marshal, which, with the regular 
standing committees, completed the organization. 





Although Mayor Iredell, as before 
intimated, had declined to do very 
much judicial business, his admin- 
istration had been generally satis- 
factory, and as the time for the new 
election approached, it was sup- 
posed he would be his own suc- 
cessor ; but it was destined to be 

In 1834, there had come inta 
Akron, a stalwart young lawyer, by 
the name of John Curtis Singletary, 
Jr. He was fully six feet high, and 
every way well proportioned, with 
an intelligent and genial counte- 
nance, good-natured, social and 
kind-hearted. His father. Col. John 
C. Single tary, was a wealth}- 
and highly respected farmer of 
the to-wnship of Streetsboro. Young 
Singletary v^^as born in Aurora, Portage Countj^, December 19, 1810, 
and was a graduate of Western Reserve College, at Hudson, of the 
class of 1835. His proficiency in his studies -vvas such that he had 
substantially completed his course a year or more before graduation 
day, and had also studied law with his uncle, in Middlebury, the 
late Senator Gregory Powers, and had been admitted to the Bar^ 
by the Court in Banc, at Columbus, in 1834, Judge Reuben Wood 

Though not very liberally endowed with ready money, he had 
been provided by his father -with a good lav^ library (for those days) 
and started in, at the age of 24, vi^ith bright prospects of "winning 
for himself a brilliant career in his chosen profession; building a 
commodious and comfortable office on the south side of Exchange 
street, a little east of Main. 

Had the young lawyer stuck closely to his briefs, all would 
have been well; hut, unfortunately, like the most of his associates, 
he was seized with the prevailing mania for speculation, the 
embryo "Lowell of the West," as Akron was then called, being at 
that time decidedly on the boom; both business blocks and tene- 
ment houses being in real or prospective demand. 

Accordingly, vsrith but limited business or financial experience, 
but, (as he himself expresses it in a private note to the writer), with 
"immense credit," he largely "invested" in village lots, building 
materials, labor, etc.; one of the monuments of his enterprise being 
the substantial two story tenement house, on the corner of Bowerj^ 
and West Middlebury streets, now owned and occupied by Dr. John 
G. Carpender. The tightening down of business and monetary 
matters, in 1836, precursory to the great financial and commercial 
crash in 1837, brought matters to a crisis, and our youthful specu- 
lator was forced into bankruptcy. 

Everything he possessed, even down to his law office, library, 
etc., had to be sacrificed. This, of course, very materially clouded 
his prospects, and subjected him to many indignities, and consid- 
erable persecution, from those who held, but were unable to realize 


upon, his paper. But he still maintained his genial good nature, 
and, to a limited extent, his law practice; his desire being rather to 
see justice done, through his services, than the filling of his own 

As a sample of his mode of procedure, in this regard, and of the 
persecutions with which he was beset, the folio-wing incident will 
suffice: A farmer's bo3';, from Springfield, came to to-wn on busi- 
ness, riding upon one of his father's horses. A local shark had 
induced the boy to swap horses with him, and had palmed off upon 
the boy a tolerabl}' good looking, but totally blind, horse. On dis- 
covering the swindle that had been perpetrated upon him, the boy 
sought the office of j'oung Singletary, and weepingly told his tale. 

"Where is 3^our horse?" enquired Singletary. 

" Over in the tavern barn," said the boy, and then looking out 
oi the veindow, he exclaimed, "there he goes now ; they're leading 
him away — please stop 'em. Mister!" 

Looking in the direction indicated, Singletary saw a noted 
horse-jockey-boat-captain, leading the farmer's horse past his 
■office. Stepping into the street, he took hold of the halter strap, 
and said to the boat-captain, "Here, give this boy his horse." 

"'Tain't his hoss ; it's my hoss ; it -was a fair trade," replied the 

Singletary pulled one way, and the horse-jockey the other, 
vintil the latter began to make some hostile demonstrations 
to-wards the former, when Singletary, striking straight-out from 
the shoulder w^ith that brawny right fist of his, knocked the 
trick3' boat-captain nearly half way across the street. Then, before 
the captain could recover his equilibrium, and his grip'upon the 
halter, Singletary picked up the boy, threvsr him astride the horse, 
and told him to "run for his life," which he literally did ; neither 
the boy nor the horse ever having been seen or heard of by Mr. 
Singletary from that day to this. 

The discomfited horse-jockey, backed bj' the entire gang, 
caused Singletary to be arrested for assault and battery. The 
warrant was issued by Justice of the Peace, John H. Cleveland, 
Avhose office -was located in North Akron, in the second story of 
a building standing where the office of the Thomas Lumber and 
Building Co. now stands, on the west side of West Market Street 
canal bridge. Justice Cleveland was a short, corpulent man, a veri- 
table "Dogberry," and very decidedly appreciated the importance 
and dignity of his official position. 

The case was prosecuted by David K. Cartter, Esq., late Chief 
Justice of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia. Cartter 
was then, 1835, a new accession to the legal fraternity of Akron 
and the bar of Portage County. He had, however, been here suf- 
ficienth' long to have fully established his reputation as a sharp, 
witty, and terribly sarcastic pettifogger, before the lower courts, as 
well as a profound and sagacious lawyer, and skillful pleader, 
before the higher courts. Singletary defended himself, assisted by 
Harvey H. Johnson, Esq. 

During the examination of witnesses, by Cartter, numerous 
objections interposed by Singletary, and his associate counsel, 
were nearly all promptly and pompously over-ruled bj' the Court. 
At the conclusion of Cartter's opening plea, in which the accused 


had been unmercifully scored, Singletary arose, and with smiling- 
countenance, commenced his defense something in this wise : 

" May it please your Honor, I stand here nominally to defend 
myself against the charge of assault and battery, but in reality as 
the defender of virtue and innocence against such unmitigated 
scoundrels as the complainant in this case, and the perjured vil- 
lains who " 

Cartter : (Interrupting) " I ask the Court to protect the 
witnesses for the State from the abusive epithets of the prisoner 
now on trial." 

The Court: "Mr. Singletarj^ you must confine your remarks 
strictly to your defense, under the evidence that has been given." 

Singletary: (Resuming) "That, may it please your Honor, 
is precisely what I am doing, and I repeat, that I stand here as the 
defender of virtue and innocence against thieves and robbers, and 
I am not to be intimidated by the foul-mouthed billingsgate of the 
imported blackguard from New York, nor am I to be frowned 
down, nor a^wred into silence, by the bloated dignity of the 
Court " 

Justice Cleveland : (Hastily rising) " Stop, sir ! Stop sir ! I 
won't listen to you, but bind you over to Court!" and seizing his 
docket he rushed from the room. As he reached the door 
Singletary laughingly called to him : 

"Hold on, Squire! What's the amount of the bond?" 

"Three hundred dollars!" yelled the irate Justice, as he dis- 
appeared through the door. 

The bond -was duly executed, and the transcript sent to the 
Court of Common Pleas of Portage County, but the case was 
promptly ignored by the Grand Jur}^ at the September term, 1835, 
on hearing all the facts connected therewith. 

As above related, the financial and business status of the young 
lawyer, was considerably below^ zero, on the setting in of the Winter 
of 1836-7. Clients were few, and most of those who did employ him 
were as impecunious as himself; and being too proud to call upon 
his father for further pecuniarj- aid, he was often in dire straits for 
his daily bread. In addition to this, he was constantly hounded bj^ 
his creditors, and taunted with his failure and poverty. 

One daj', in the latter part of the Winter of 1836-7, he turned 
upon a party of his high-toned annoyers, saying : " Never mind, 
gentlemen, it is your turn now, but my turn will come bv and bj', 
for I intend to be your next Mayor ! " This declaration was received 
■with shouts of derision, and after a few days' gossip and laughter 
over the boast, the circumstance was forgotten by those who heard 
it. Not so, however, with the moneyless and almost briefless law- 
yer. As the June election drew near, he announced himself as an 
independent candidate for Mayor. His announcement was fairly 
hooted at by the "aristocracy" of both sections of the town; his 
lack of success in business, and his poverty, being the chief accu- 
sations against him, for his honesty, morality and abilit}- could not 
be called in question. 

It is not now remembered who was placed in nomination against 
him, but, by concentrating the vote of both parties upon a single 
man, it was not supposed that Singletary stood the ghost of a 
chance of being elected. The opposition to him at length became 
so bitter and abusive that a reaction in his favor finally set in. The 


majority of the voters of the town, mostl}' 5'oung tnen — nearly, if 
not quite, as poor as himself — began to argue that poverty, though 
mighty inconvenient, was not a crime, and that even in a rough- 
and-tumble physical fight, it was mean to kick a man Avhen he was 
down. Consequently the "kids" of that day, of whom the writer 
was one, openly espoused the cause of the plucky independent can- 
didate, and the election of June 13, 1837, resulted in his triumphant 
election by the handsome majority of 15, above indicated. 

Mr. Singletary, who had hitherto resided in the South End, 
immediately opened an office in the north village, and announced 
himself readj^ to attend to all the duties of the office, both civil, 
municipal and criminal. So successful was his administration 
that he was triumphantly re-elected on the 5th day of June, 1838, 
against a prominent South End la'wyer, William M. Dodge, Esq., 
receiving 125 votes out of a total of 222, being a majority of 28. 

He continued to satisfactorily discharge his municipal and 
magisterial duties until February, 1839, -when, by reason of debility 
superinduced by oft recurring attacks of fever and ague, he went 
home to Streetsboro to recruit, where, on account of the poor 
health and the increasing years of his father, he concluded to 
permanently remain, and -where, as successor to his father's tine 
estate of some 350 acres of excellent land, he has since lived the 
life of a quiet but highly successful and enterprising farmer. 

On the 11th day of August, 1845, Mr. Singletary was married 
to Miss Mary Ann Carter, of Boston township, who is still living. 
There have been born to them eight children — three sons and five 
daughters — of w^hom three of the latter only survive. For the past 
few years the health of Mr. Singletary has not been very good, and 
yet, at the age of 80 years, he is able to superintend his extensive 
farming operations, and w^ill be happy to receive calls from an}' of 
his old Akron friends and constituents, at his hospitable domicile, 
on the north-west corner of the public square, at the center of 

It is not the purpose of these papers to give the biographies of 
all the persons -who have held the honored post of Mayor of Akron 
during the half century of its municipal existence, both as Town, 
Village, and City, some of whose characters and idiosyncracies were, 
perhaps, as marked as those of the two already named. The bare 
names, therefore, of those -who have successively filled that office, 
since June, 1839, -with the length of their respective terms of 
service, will have to suffice: 1839, Lucius V. Bierce; 1840, Arad 
Kent; 1841, Lucius V. Bierce; 1842 and 1843, Harvey H. Johnson; 
1844, Lucius V. Bierce; 1845, 1846 and 1847, Philo Chamberlin; 1848, 
Israel E. Carter; 1849, Lucius V. Bierce; 1850, George Bliss; 1851, 
Charles G. Ladd; 1852, Frederick Wads worth; 1853, Philip N. 
Schuyler; 1854, William T. Allen; 1855 and 1856, Nathaniel Finch; 
1857 and 1858, Frederick A. Nash; 1859, George W. McNeil; I860 
and 1861, Henry Purdy; 1862 and 1863, Charles A. Collins: 1864, 
George D. Bates; 1865 and 1866, James Mathews; 1867 and 1868, 
Lucius V. Bierce; 1869, 1870, 1871 and 1872, John L. Robertson; 
1873 and 1874, Henry Purdy; 1875 and 1876, Levi S. Herrold; 1877 
and 1878, James F. Scott; 1879 and 1880, John M. Fraze; 1881 and 
1882, Samuel A. Lane; 1883, 1884, 1885 and 1886, Lorenzo Dow 
Watters; 1887 and 1888, Louis D. Seward; 1889, 1890, 1891 and 1892, 
Wilham H. Miller. 



TAMES MATHEWS, -born in Wash- 
J ington Count3', N. Y., April 23, 
1803; in boj^hood removing with his 
parents to Vermont; educated in 
common schools and bred a cabinet 
maker and ornamental painter ; in 
1839 came to Akron, and engaged in 
manufacturing grain shovels, in 18i] 
engaging in grocery business, until 
1849 when he became secretary and 
manager of the Summit Mutual Fire 
Insurance Company, and on the 
winding up of the business of that 
companj^, a few years later, becoming 
the agent of several of the leading 
fire insurance companies of the 
country, and of the Mutual Life of 
New York, for which he secured a 
very large clientage in Akron and 
vicinity, the policies written by him 
aggregating over $12,000,000. Mr. 
Mathews possessed both public spirit 
and private enterprise, as witness the 
fine block on Howard street bearing- 
his name ; vsras a member of Akron 
Town Council in 1843 ; member of 
first Board of Education in 1847, and 
the first Mayor of Akron, under city 
charter, 1865-1866. Mr. Mathews was 
married to Miss Agnes Grant, of 
Wells River, Vt., in January, 1833, who 
died in AkA)n in April, 1870, leaving 
three children — George H., who died 


in December 1873, Henry G. and 
Charles H., now of New York. Mr. 
Mathews was again married, to Mrs. 
Isabella (Howard) Tajder, a native of 
Middlebury, (Akron, Sixth Ward), 
who now resides in California, Mr. 
Mathews dying December 25, 1883. 
aged 80 j'ears, 8 months and 2 days. 



XRY PURDY,--sou of Solomon 
Purdy, was born in Zanesville, 
September 30, 181.1. reinoving to 
(j'field t()\vii,shij5, with ])areiits. 

when 13 j-ears of age; educated in 
Putnam Academy in Zanesville and 
Randolph Academj^. In 1837 became 
associated with; his father in the 
manufacture of stoneware at the 
center of Springfield.' In 1852 Mr. 
Purdj' was elected Count^^ Recorder 
on the Whig ticket, and re-elected in 
18,55 on the Republican ticket, hold- 
ing the office six jears; ^vas member 
of Council in 1857 ; Ma3^or of Akron 
in 1860-1861, 1873-1874 ; and Justice of 
the Peace for Portage Township, 
■ivitli the exception of a single term, 
from 1868 till hi;^ resignation, by 
reason of failing- health, Februar3' 
12, 1888. February 2, 1837, Mr. Purdy 
was married to Miss Diantha C. 
Clark, daughter of Barber Clark, of 
Franklin Mills, (now Kent). Mr. and 
Mrs. Purdy, who have continuously 
resided in Akron since April, 1853, 
have three children— Mills B. (City 
Clerk 1867, 1868, 1869, 1870, 1871, 1872 
and 1876) born June 27, 1839 ; Mary C, 
(now Mrs. J. A. Bo3-nton, of Sala- 
manca, N. Y.) born Jul)' 10, 1841; and 
>Ielissa C. (now Mr.s. "S. K. Zwisler, 
.Akron) born November 29, 1847. 





IX those early days, the Ohio, Mississippi, and other \vestern riv- 
ers and lakes, and the cities and villages contiguous thereto-, 
^vere swarming with, and infested by, gamblers, counterfeiters and 
thieves; and on the opening of the Ohio Canal, as a channel for 
trade and travel, not only the passenger boats navigating its waters, 
but the thriving tow^ns that immediately sprang into existence 
along its entire line, were soon thoroughly infested by the several 
classes of "sports" and "crooks" alluded to, with branch resorts at 
many of the "centers" and "corners" of adjacent townships. 

Akron and other points w^ithin the present limits of Summit 
Courlty, w^ere by no means excepted from the general rule, but, on 
the contrary, the large number of locks here, and the peculiar for- 
mation of the country, particularly down the valley, north.ward from 
Akron, afforded especial facilities for the successful operations of 
the fraternity, and for the effective concealment of their nefarious 
occupation, their gambling and counterfeiting implements, and 
their stolen plunder. 

At the date of my arrival in town, (1835) the average honest 
stranger was filled -with astonishment at the large number of finely- 
dressed, rufifle-shirted, plug-hatted, kid-gloved, lavishly-bejewelled, 
and apparentlj' w^ealthy sojourners at the various hotels. To the 
-writer, though, the genus was very familiar, the several preceding 
months having been spent in New Orleans, Louisville and Cincin- 
nati, and on the steamers plying between those points, with brief 
calls at Natchez, Vicksburg, Memphis, and other blackleg-infested 
towns upon those great thoroughfares — thje Mississippi and Ohio 
rivers. Indeed, so flagrant had become the operations and outrages 
of this class of scoundrels, that about this time the honest people 
of Vicksburg, after giving the gamblers proper warning to leave 
that place, arose in their might and summarily hung half a dozen 
or more to the lamp posts and shade trees' of the city, creating the 
most intense excitement among all classes, and a decided panic 
among tha fraternity throughout the entire South and West. 

Besides the numerous raids that were made among the pioneer 
farmers of the vicinity, by those early "crooks" and shovers of the 
" queer," for predatory purposes, and for the purchase of horses, 
cattle, sheep and other property with bogus coin or spurious paper, 
there was in Akron and other business centers of the gang, a set 
of confidence operators, who got in their work something in this 
wise : ^ 

An unsophisticated farmer would be inveigled into some back 
room, and "confidentially" shown a number of genuine American or 
Spanish silver dollars, with the statement that they were bogus, 


but SO cleverly executed that they could never be detected, and 
that if he would buy 500 or 1,000 of them, to operate with among 
his neighbors, he might have them for 10 or 20 cents on the dollar. 
If the cupidity of the ruralist should over-balance his discretion, 
and he should " tumble to the racket," he would be shown sev- 
eral small kegs, said to contain 500 or 1,000 each of the bogus coin, 
so arranged that by taking out a plug in one end, he could see the 
glittering metal of a genuine silver dollar inside, and be assured that 
if, on getting home and counting it, he did not find the full num- 
ber there, the dealer would make it all right the next time he came 
to town. 

Having duly paid over his $50 or $100 in good money, and 
having with due secrecy deposited the keg selected under the 
stra-w in the wagon, the "honest" yeoman "would depart for home, 
to find, on examining his treasure, that, w^ith the exception of the 
genuine dollar seen through the hole in the end, his precious keg 
contained the regulation weight of scrap-iron, onlj^. 

Generally the victim would quietly s"wallow his disappoint- 
ment and shame, and never be heard of again ; but now a«d then 
one would return to seek redress, onlj' to be told by the operator, if 
found, that he had never seen him before, or to be informed by his 
la-wyer that his own hands -were too badly soiled in the transac- 
tion to enable him to proceed against his confederate in crime. 

The game was bj' no means confined to Akron, or the neigh- 
borhood of the canal, as witness the folio-wing item from the 
Western Courier, of Ravenna, under date of September 15, 1836: 

"Several attempts have been made latelj', to defraud in the waj^ of what 
is called keg monej' speculations ; obtaining money and propert5' on a 
promise to deliver a keg or box of mone}^ of large amount, and 'just as good 
as genuine.' The keg or box supposed to contain the money, and perhaps 
having some on the surface, is usually delivered in some dark place, and is 
then, if of any value, wrested or stolen from the owner by ruffians before he 
gets home with it. Many such cases have former] 3' occurred in this countj', 
in Geauga and Cuyahoga, and several lately— the last one in Newburg. But 
the people are learning to expose them, and the head ones have to abscond 
from the officers of the law." 

Similar transactions in paper " money " were also often nego- 
tiated, genuine bills being exhibited and represented as coun- 
terfeit, and duly placed in a package, under the eye of the 
purchaser, to be adroitly exchanged for a similar looking package 
of wrapping paper, cut to proper size, while the purchase money 
vsras being counted out and examined. 

Still another mode of procedure was for a couple of sharpers 
to purchase a horse from some rustic, to be paid for in non-detect- 
able counterfeit money, at a nominal price, the exchange to be 
made after dark, in some neighboring thicket, and after the 
transfer had been duly made, and the horse led off by one of the 
sharpers, other confederates would rush in, under the guise of 
officers, and pretend to arrest the remaining two, but finally let 
them off on their handing over all their loose change ; and thus 
the victim would not only be done out of his horse and the pre- 
tended counterfeit money he had received in exchange for him, 
but also of whatever good money he might happen to have about 
him at the time. 

By this ancl similar devices were the unwary pioneers of the 
rural districts "taken in and done for," while from the lack of 
information, now so rapidly and so generally transmitted through 


the mails, the railroads, the telegraph and the newspapers, whole 
droves of horses, cattle, sheep, and even hogs, could be gathered 
up and paid for wholly in counterfeit money, and safely driven 
out of the country, before the sellers would discover the fraud that 
had been practiced upon them. 

And 3'et, notwithstanding such was the early status of Akron, 
as well as many other enterprising business points along the line 
of the canal, and notwithstanding good friends with whom I -was 
visiting in the northern part of Portage County, in the early Spring 
of 1835, advised me, in my search for a location for permanent set- 
tlement, bj' all means to avoid Akron and Cascade, I found, on 
coming here, later in the season, that the great majority of the 
people were honest, industrious and enterprising, and that its 
unsavory reputation -was wholly due to a comparatively small 
minority of local crooks, and the large contingent of transient 
sharpers continually moving from point to point, along the line of 
the canal as above noted. 

That this vicinity was, however, for many years the general 
rendezvous and headquarters of one of the most extensive gangs 
of counterfeiters in the entire country, admits of not a doubt. The 
reputed leader of this gang, together with several of his most 
important subordinates, were permanently located within the 
limits of -what is now Summit County, some of ^vhom sought and 
obtained positions of public trust and honor, the more effectually 
to cover up their true characters, and their nefarious operations. 

To the chief of this gang, and his prominent lieutenants, with 
an inkling of their operations, their successes, reverses, arrests, 
trials, imprisonments, etc., one or more chapters of this work Avill 
be devoted, as well as one, or more, to the measures that were 
finally taken to rid the village and countj^ of local sharps and trav- 
eling blacklegs and thieves. 

The bitterness existing between the inhabitants of the north 
and south villages has alread3^ been alluded to, in the " guide 
board war" spoken of in the first chapter, and otherwise. It will 
be impossible, of course, in the prescribed limit of this work to 
relate all the acts of hostility, overt and covert, manifested ; but 
one or two episodes, illustrative of that feeling, somewhat in detail, 
may not be amiss. 

The two villages were divided by a wedge-shaped strip of 
unplatted land, called the "gore," embracing the territory between 
Quarry street on the north and Center street on the south. On 
this unplatted strip the earlier churches — the Congregational 
the Methodist and the Baptist, were originally erected, not only 
because their respective sites were generously donated bj- Gen. 
Perkins, but more particularly, perhaps, because the adherents of 
the several denorninations, residing in either section, were unwill- 
ing to worship, on Sunday, in houses located within the boundaries 
of the rival village they so heartily, and perhaps religiously, 
hated through the week. 

This feeling was so strong that when, in 1836, the majority of 
the trustees of the Baptist Church decided to face the new church 
edifice they were then about to build (on the site of the present 
fine German Reformed brick structure) towards South Akron, 
instead of towards the West, as had been done by both the 
Congregationalists and Methodists, (the Congregational Church 


then stood on the present Court House grounds), several contrih- 
utors to the building fund, living north of the "gore," withdrew 
their subscriptions, and a few even severed their connection writh 
the society in consequence of such action; the facing of the 
church in that direction being considered an advantage in favor of 
South Akron. 

This animosity became intensified as the vsrork progressed, and 
by the time the structure was completed had culminated in a most 
bitter controversy between certain prominent members, trustees, 
building committee, pastor, etc., in which charges and counter- 
charges of falsehood, dishonesty, malice, etc., were freely bandied, 
resulting in the calling of a church council on the 6th day of 
October, 1837, at which Rev. Levi Tucker, of Cleveland, presided 
as Moderator, and by which it was 

" Resolved, That brother Dodge has not been labored with according- to 
gospel discipline; that brother Dodge's conduct has rendered him unworthj^ 
of a place in a Christian church, and that he ought not to be recognized as a 
member until he make satisfaction to the church ; that brother Crane (the 
pastor) did not act judiciously ; believing, however, that his press of duties 
ought in this case to be admitted in extenuation ; that Elder Austin (a retired 
minister) has acted injudiciously, and the church had better grant him a letter 
of dismission and a recommendation to any other sister church; that the 
course of brother Alvin Austin has been incautious and wanting in pru- 
dence ; and that this Council earnestly recommend to each individual in 
any wa}- concerned in the late difficulties, to make very strenuous efforts to 
promote the peace of the church, and zealously engage in the cause of our 
dear Redeemer." 

Not^withstanding these dissensions the church was duly dedi- 
cated* October 26, 1837, Elder Tucker preaching the dedicatory 
sermon. But neither that solemn proceeding, nor the action of the 
Council, -were productive of any perceptible mollifying influence, as 
is evidenced by some six or seven columns of crimination and 
re-crimination published in the- several issues of the American 
Balance, from December 7, 1837, to January, 4, 1838, in which the 
names of Rev. Eber Crane, (pastor and building agent) Alvin 
Austin, H. K. Smith, Smith Burton, Richard Howe, J. Rockwell, R. 
K. DuBois, S. R. Brackett, Erastus Torrey, Nathan B. Dodge, 
Miner Spicer, Warren H. Smith, Justus Gale, Joseph Cole, David 
Allen, Jesse Allen, Jacob Brown and Nathan S. Jones, were some- 
what promisicuously mingled. 

Though nearly, if not quite, all of the belligerents in this wordy 
warfare have passed away, and though the society, in another loca- 
tion, has for many years maintained more than an average stand- 
ing in usefulness and numbers, among the many similar benefi- 
cent institutions of our goodly city, it is questionable whether the 
deleterious influences of those early contentions, among really good 
men, have not been felt, in a greater or less degree, through all the 
intervening half century. 

The Methodist Society, also, got into a similar tangle, mainly 
through sectional jealousies, regarding the building of their first 
house of worship, about the same time; certain of the members 
connected with the raising of funds and erecting and furnishing 
the building, accusing each other of gross irregularities. This 
bitter feeling, though not ventilated through the public press, con- 
tinued for several years, and finally, when the building was 
destroyed by fire, on the morning of March 17, 1841, each party 
accused the other of having set the building on fire, though the 

"UPFEk" VEKSl'S "lower" TOWN, 61 

origin of the fire was, doubtless, purely accidental. The original 
Congregational society was also twice rent asunder, and finally 
annihilated, by unhappy dissensions, which will be fully set forth 
in a subsequent chapter. 


Up to 1837, a full year after both the rival villages of Nortli 
and South Akron, had been consolidated by Legislative enactment 
into the corporate "Town of Akron," and though by this time 
much the larger portion of the business of the town was done 
north of the " gore," when it was sought to remove the postoffice 
from the upper to the lower town, a struggle ensued, which in 
point of bitterness, renders the partisan and personal squabbles of 
modern office seekers the very extreme of mildness and cor- 

Some three or four years prior to that time, Akron's first post- 
master, Wolsey Wells, Esq., having left the place, had been 
succeeded by Mr. Lewis Humiston, keeper of the Clark tavern^ 
the office being located in a small building immediately east of the 
hotel, on Exchange street, the late Arad Kent officiating as his 

As Mr. Humiston was about to leave the town, it became 
necessary to secure the appointment of his successor. There w^ere, 
of course, a number of applicants for the place, and among the 
rest, the late Judge Constant Bryan, and another law^yer by the 
name of Harvey H. Johnson, both Democrats and both northenders. 
Who the southern candidates were, is not now remembered, but 
the contest w^as so bitter that the appointment hung fire for some 
time. Postmaster General Amos Kendall finallj'- intimating that 
unless the two factions reconciled their differences he would 
discontinue the office. 

In this emergency, after a conference w^ith that gentleman, 
the southenders gave in their adhesion to Mr. Johnson, and he, 
consequently, received the appointment some time in June, 1837; 
it being aftew^ards vigorously claimed that the w^ithdraw^al of their 
opposition to him by the southenders, -was upon the distinct under- 
standing that, if appointed, he would not remove the office north 
of the "gore." 

For several months after the appointment of Mr. Johnson, the 
Akron postoffice continued to "do business at the old stand," on 
Exchange street, much to the delight of the southenders, and 
very greatly to the disagruntlement of the northenders, who 
were not backward in expressing their feeling to Mr. Johnson, both 
verbally and through the press. 

At length, some time in December, 1837, the confiding south- 
enders one morning suddenly awoke to the disagreeable and 
astounding fact, that the office had not only been removed, but 
that, not stopping to rest, for even a single moment, upon the 
"gore," it had gone " clean down " to their hated rival, "Cascade," 
into the building then owned by the late Col. Lewis P. Bucldey, 
on the site of our present splendid postoffice structure. 

This high-handed act of "perfidy" and "treason" immediately 
called down the direst anathemas of the southenders upon the 
devoted head of the offending postmaster, the arraignment of 
whom, written by the late Jedediah D. Commins, and signed by 


that gentleman and the late Judge Samuel A. Wheeler and Gen. 
Philo Chamberlin, as published in the American Balance, 
commences as follows: 

" The doctrine that a public servant is bound to resign when he finds 
himself unable, or unwilling, to perform the duties of an office in the manner 
he had pledged himself to those who were the active cause of his appoint- 
ment, has been long sanctified b)' the republicans of this countrj^, and acted 
on by ever}' high-ininded man, when he found himself so circumstanced." 

Afternearly a columnof high soundingplatitudes — "violation of 
solerpin pledges," "plighted faith," "stung by the viper we had nour- 
ished in our bosoms," "stab in the dark," "forfeited honor," "want of 
gratitude," "gentlemanly feeling," "moral restraint," etc. — the man- 
ifesto concludes with several affidavits to the effect that the 
affiants had, at divers times and places, heard Mr. Johnson say 
that if he should receive the appointment, he vi^ould not remove 
the office north of the "gore," or stone quarry. 

To this severe castigation, Mr. Johnson, after a fe^v prelim- 
inary observations, gets back at the gentlemen whose signatures 
are thereto attached as follows: 

"As your communication was intended to affect the public mind, not 
only in our own vicinity, but at a distance, it is proper that I should premise 
by informing- the public bj' what and bj' whom my private as well as my 
public character has been wantonly assailed. Is it not true of one of your 
number, that he has succeeded, to his entire satisfaction, in failing- two or 
three times in the State of New York, and from the wreck has been able to 
establish two most splendid wholesale and retail stores in Ohio ? In regard 
to another, is it not true that there is a letter in town which asks if a note of 
soine $30 or $40, can be collected, which was given before he absconded from 
the town of E., in Vermont ? " 

After much more similar verbiage, reflecting upon the honesty 
and credibility of his assailants, Postmaster Johnson continues as 
foUo-vvs: "I will only add that -where the parties to this transaction 
and the circumstances are kncvvn, I do not deprecate the righteous 
decision of a virtuous community — j'our allegations and affidavits 
to the contrary, notwithstanding." 

The editor of the Balance having declined to publish anything 
further on the subject, in a 16-page pamphlet, now in possession 
of the writer, Messrs. Commins, Wheeler and Chamberlin, in a 
lengthy rejoinder, including affidavits from Ferdinand Durand, C. 
P. McDonald, Dr. Dana D. Evans, Asa Field, Jonathan Myers, 
George Howe, Joshua Catlin, Silas Anson, E. M. Chamberlin, Miner 
Spicer and Arad Kent, in opening, say: "In regard to what you 
are pleased to say about ourselves, it may be proper to remark that 
it does not become us to speak of our own standing in this com- 
munity, but whatever it may be, we have too much self-respect to 
notice your abusive epithets and innuendoes, further than to say, 
if our characters need defense from such vituperation, they are no 
longer worth our care." And further on they clinch the matter 
against the offending P. M., thus: "But it requires not the gift of 
prophecy to foretell that when your hair shall have been whitened 
by the frosts of a few more winters, as you walk among mankind, 
and they shall hereafter see you moving alone in the midst of 
society, with the brand of 'forfeited faith' burnt deep in your fore- 
head, you will regret, in the bitterness of your soul, the course you 
have taken in relation to this whole matter." 



But the fact remains that the Akron Postoffice n-as removed 
to "Cascade" just 54 years ago, and that, as water — then the most 
potent factor in the growth and maintenance of towns and cities — 
would run down hill, instead of up, the preponderance of Business 
and industry were largely in its favor. Comniins, Chamberlin and 
others of the original business men of the South End, had to suc- 
cumb to the inevitable, and a few years later removed their own 
business operations north of the "gore;" though the decadence in 
the volume and value of water power, and the rapidly increasing 
use of steam, as a propelling agent, has, in these latter daj^s, again 
brought to Ancient Akron, south of the "gore" and in fact to said 
"gore" itself, as well as to the ancient burgh of Middleburj', a high 
degree of business enterprise and prosperity, thus wonderfully 
demonstrating the truth of the old adage that "the whirligig of 
time makes all things even," while the offending postmaster was 
elected Mayor of Akron in 1842 and 1843, after\vards went to Con- 
gress from the Ashland District, and was sttbsequently U. S. Land 
Commissioner, in Minnesota, where he still resides. 

The office was, a few years later, removed still further "down 
town," and after several changes of location, was finally established 
in "Gothic Block," a view of which is here given, where it 
remained until removed to its present location, in 1871, as elsewhere 

Gothic Block, erected by Ex-Mayor James Mathews, on present site of J. Koch 
& Go's Clothing Store.— From photo by George W. Manley, 1861. 





In a work of this character, it wrill, of course, be impossible to 
present a strictly chronological narrative of the events to be 
treated of; consequently there -will sometimes be, for the sake of 
continuity on the subject under immediate consideration, a 
reaching forward, and at other times a back-ward movement, as to 
the order of occurrences herein recorded. Though the grow^th of 
Akron, notwithstanding its antagonisms, had hitherto, from its 
very inception, been almost phenomenal, in the West, for those 
early times, the location of the Pennsj'lvania and Ohio canal, com- 
monly know^n as the "Cross-cut" canal, from the Ohio River a 
short distance below Pittsburgh, to this point, gave an impetus to 
the boom which has scarcely been exceeded in the later gold, 
silver, oil and gas booms of California, Colorado, Pennsylvania and 

While Howard and Market streets were then, as now, the chief 
business streets in North Akron, the sticking of the stakes in 
Main street for the ne-w canal, in 1835, caused the real estate upon 
that street, bet^ween Mill and Tallmadge, streets more than quad- 
ruple in value in a very short time; it being confidently believed 
that the completion of the canal would immediately create a 
demand for large warehouses, and other business blocks, along the 
entire street. 

Such was also the case in South Akron, and lots abutting 
upon the canal, fronting on Main street, between the present City 
Building and the Clarendon Hotel, were immediately and eagerly 
sought after, and contracted for (but not always paid for) at almost 
fabulous prices, both on speculation and bj^ persons who really 
designed to improve and occupy them on the completion of the 
canal; one substantial three-story brick block having actually been 
built, and the store-room filled with goods, by Mr. Benjamin W. 
Stephens, on the present site of Merrill's pottery, the south end of 
which is part of the original building. 

Money, such as it was, was plentjr, and credit was seeming!}' 
lavished upon all who asked for it; large stocks of goods were 
ordered, and stores and other business enterprises rapidly increased 
so that, in the earlj^ part of the year 1836, the town was seemingly 
upon the very apex of the high road to prosperity and wealth. 

A local poet (Mr. Milo Fuller, brother of the late well-known 
"Doctor" Isaiah Fuller) voiced the popular enthusiasm and con- 


lidence in Akron's future, in the following "jingle," which we find 
in a local journal of the time: 

■•AKRON IX 1840." 

Hail lovely city ! Th v unrivalled power.s, 
Thy feathered waters and thy lofty towers, 
Thy stately cars in their majestic flight, 

Thv rumbling 
Thy hundred 

; coach, fast roiling through the night, 
, ..„„„. ^..wheels that raise the factor's din, 
Ihy boat, swift glidmg round each nook and Ivnn, 
rhy growing greatness and thy busy clan. 
Proclaim to all, the enterprise of man ! 

A few days since, in this now peaceful glen, 
The wild-beast lurked securely in his den. 
The stately savage, with his dart and bow. 
With dauntless step pursued his stealthy foe; 
The serpent's hiss, the war-song and the yell. 
Was oft re-echoed fr<;ni each hill and dell. 
And in this vale from which yon Summit rose. 
The panther crouched, and safely sought repose. 
The gloom of darkness, as in sable night. 
Hung o'er this valley and obscured the sight. 
Where Xature saw would rise, in grandeur drest. 
The great, unrivaled Princess of the West. 

The white man came, the savage Indian fled. 
The wild-beast started from his leafv bed ; 
The war-song ended when the mighty blow, 
Of Eastern genius laid the forest low;" 
Yon rugged hills, that sought the skv in vain. 
Fell by the shock, and formed a pleasant plain ; 
Hence grew this city, which unrivaled stands. 
A beacon-light to all benighted lands. 

Here, Science reigns and guides the statesman's quill, * 

And Arts develop all their wondrous skill; 

Here, Virtue sits enthroned in robes divine. 

With modest Beauty kneeling at her shrine; 

Here, Pleasure, too, with all her matchless charms, 

Invites the youth, and calls them to her arms. 

And gently whispers to each mirthful son, 

' The banquet's open for your sport and fun; 

While all things grand and pleasing to the eye. 

Allure the traveler as he passes by, 

And with glad accents from his w^eary breast. 

He hails a home, a refuge and a rest. 

Thus has Dame Fortune from her bounteous store. 

Poured forth her treasures on this happy shore. 

And every breeze from every sun-lit land, 

Is wafting blessings with a liberal hand. 

And all the world with honor deigns to bless, 


The foregoing doggerel was, as before intimated, a true index 
of the prognostications, as to both its proximate and ultimate great- 
ness, indulged in by the average citizen of Akron, in 1835-6. But, 
alas ! how uncertain are human calculations and human prophe- 
cies. Not only the neMv and snappy to-svn of Akron, but the entire 
country was at that period on a high pressure boom; all making 
haste to get rich, but to be overtaken by the inevitable sequence of 
over-production, over-trading and excessive speculation — irretriev- 
able collapse — the nov^ historical panic of 1837. 

So disastrous was the collapse in Akron that onty two or three, 
out of the score or more of the mercantile establishments of the 
town, maintained their financial integrity, while real estate sank 
in value almost out of sight. To such an extent did this deprecia- 
tion fall, and continue, that, in 1839, the vi^riter leased from Col. 
Justus Gale the lot on Main street now covered by the handsome 
new brick blocks of Augustus Warner and E. G. Kubler, and from 
Mr. Nathan B. Dodge the adjoining lot upon the north, now occu- 
pied by Paige Brothers' magnificent stone front block, for which 


$1,000 each had been paid in 1835, for the period of five years, 
for the payment of the taxes; while hundreds of lots, thus pur- 
chased at boom prices, either reverted to the original owners or 
"were sold for taxes. 


At that period the most of the banks of the country -were 
chartered under loosel3'-constructed State la-ws, the greater por- 
tion of them being what were properly denominated "Red Dog," 
or " Wildcat " institutions. When the crash came, all the banks of 
the country, good, bad and indifferent, immediately suspended specie 
payment, and gold and silver, which had been in fair supply dur- 
ing the flush times, at once almost entirely disappeared from 
circulation. Manj^ of the banks failed out-right, and the large vol- 
ume of the notes of such banks then in the hands of the people, 
became entirely worthless. Others maintained a partial standing, 
their notes for a time being taken by merchants in exchange for 
merchandise, at discounts ranging from 10 to 90 per cent. 

This condition of things continued for several years, Thk 
Beacon of June 15th, 1842, giving quotations of discounts as follows: 
Mechanics' and Traders' bank of Cincinnati, 10; Marietta, 10; 
Chilicothe, 20; Franklin bank of Columbus, 20; Lancaster, 20; Com- 
mercial Bank of Lake Erie, 40; Farmers' Bank of Canton, 50; 
Hamilton, 60; Cleveland, 70; Steubenville, 75; Urbana, 75; Gran- 
ville, 80; Ohio Railroad, 85. As indicative of the dire financial 
distress of the entire country, particularly Akron and Summit 
County, at that period. The Beacon of November 2, 1842, contains 
five full pages of delinquent taxes, while -wheat is quoted at 50 
cents per bushel, and a year or so later a single number of The 
Beacon advertises 54 sheriff sales. 

A few of the old banks of the country, though suspending spe- 
cie payment, maintained their financial standing, among which, in 
this vicinity, -were the old Western Reserve, at Warren; Banks of 
Geauga, Massillon, Wooster, Nor-walk, Sandusky, etc., (Akron hav- 
ing no bank at that time). The notes of these banks were readily 
taken at par in all commercial transactions, though being 
extremely conservative as to discounts, their limited issues were 
entirely inadequate to meet the wants of the people in their abso- 
lutely necessary business transactions. 

Then came into existence, all over the country, a class of local 
"shinplaster" factories, from which small notes for circulation 
■were issued, payable, not in specie, but in current bank notes, the 
most of these institutions purporting to be based upon real estate 
securities. Of this class, now readily recalled to mind by the wri- 
ter, were the "Kirtland Safety Fund Bank," under the auspices of 
the original Mormon prophet, Joe Smith; "The Orphan's Institute," 
at Canal Fulton; "The Cuyahoga Falls Real Estate Association;" 
"The Medina Land Company;" "The Munroe Falls Manufacturing 
Company;" "The Franklin Silk Company," etc. 


This latter institution was based upon the silk culture craze 
that then prevailed in many sections of the country, with which 
the people of Munroe Falls, Franklin Mills (now Kent), and other 


places in this vicinity were severely smitten — village lots, as well 
as farm lands, being held and sold at fabulous prices. Immense 
cocooneries -were built, and ever3'body having land -went into the 
raising of the raorus multicaulis variety of the mulberry tree, on 
which to feed the silk worms. 

A wealthy farmer bj' the name of Barber Clark, a short dis- 
tance east of the village of Franklin Mills, made arrangetnents to 
devote his entire farm to the business, and among other like 
transactions, contracted with Joy H. Pendleton, Esq., now of the 
Second National Bank of this city, then residing there, for all the 
young trees of a single j'^ear's growth, that he could raise for three 
years, at 25 cents each for the first year, 15 cents for the second 
year and 10 cents for the third year. As they could readily be 
gro'wn from slips, or cuttings, it will be seen that Pendleton had a 
might}' good thing of it, (in his eye). The first year the plant was 
comparatively small, but the second year he was on hand with 
some $3000 worth, and by the third year he would have realized, 
under his contract, about $50,000. But, alas! for human calcula- 
tions and, alack! for Pendleton and Clark. The bottom suddenly 
fell out of the silk business; Clark was irretrievably bankrupted 
and Pendleton not only did not realize his $50,000, but absolutely 
lost, from Clark's failure, about $2000 of the $3000 already earned, 
and, considering the outlay he had made, was probably consider- 
ably out of pocket by the operation. 

In the general dearth of real money, the bills of these local 
institutions circulated more or less freely, in the traffic of the 
vicinity where they were issued, and to a limited extent in more 
remote localities. Being redeemable in sums of not less than five 
dollars, holders of lesser sums at length found it difficult to get rid 
of them, giving rise to a brood of street brokers, who would buy 
them up at a discount, paying for them, perhaps, in the equally 
worthless notes of the "Bank of Pontiac," or "River Raisin," of 
Michigan, or simular red-dog "currency." 

When these speculators began to pass in their accumulations 
for redemption, the shinplaster fabricators were found to be decid- 
edly short of "current bank notes" wherewith to redeem their 
promises to pay, and speedily fell into disrepute and eventual 
failure. The Franklin Silk Company was an exception to this 
rule; the late Zenas Kent, father of the Hon. Marvin Kent, then 
a substantial merchant in Ravenna, being a large stockholder in 
the company in question, rendered the value of its notes certain 
and their redemption sure. 

Owing to the scarcity of coin, merchants, hotel-keepers and 
other business men, issued considerable amounts of a species of 
private "fractional currency," payable on demand in their own 
wares, or in current bank bills, when presented in sums of one 
dollar'or its multiple. These however, unlike the majority of the 
class above named, were pretty generally releemed, in one or the 
other of the modes indicated upon their face. 

In fact, so uncertain was every species of "currency," that 
people at length became distrustful of even the very best, and 
preferred to exchange such commodities as they raised, or manu- 
factured, for such fabrics or produce as they themselves needed; 
and even if a man got hold of a dollar or two in "currency," he 
would hasten to get it off his hands the same day, lest he should 


wake up the next morning to find that the bank had failed during- 
the night. Hence, the inauguration of the "truck and dicker" 
system that will be so vividly remembered by the older portion of 
my readers, and which was operated something as follows: 

Country produce was bought by all our merchants, and invar- 
iably paid for in goods, or credited on running accounts, farmers, in 
turn, paying their help, farm hands and mechanics, whom they 
employed or dealt with, in their own products, or in orders upon 
the stores. There were a number of woolen factories then running 
in the town and vicinity, and "sheep's gray" cloth, was almost a 
"legal tender" in the transaction of nearly every kind of business^ 
while the goods and wares of the numerous stove founders of the 
town, -were of almost equal potency as factors of trade and com- 

How^ was it done? Something like this: A carriage maker, 
for instance, would sell a wagon or buggy to the factory or foundry 
man, and agree to take his pay in cloth or castings. Then, he 
"would trade off his cloth or his castings for lumber, wood, coal, 
horses, hay, oats, beef, pork, potatoes, apples, butter, cheese, poultry, 
eggs, etc., or perhaps sell a roll of cloth at a discount to a merchant 
to be paid for in goods. Then, in turn, he w^ould pay his hands in 
sheep's gray, farm produce, orders on stores, furniture dealers,, 
tailors, shoemakers, butchers, etc. In payment for his new -wagon 
or carriage, the farmer would turn in ten or a dozen fat steers,. 
which the wagon maker would pass over to the butcher to be paid 
for in daily steaks and roasts for the family of the "wagon maker 
and his hands. 

And this system of exchange entered into all the ramifications 
of business, agricultural, manufacturing, mechanical and com- 
mercial, and to a great extent into real estate transactions; the 
writer once taking in part payment for a house and lot on Howard 
street, 40 brass clocks, which in turn, were traded off to the lumber 
dealers, the stone mason, the carpenter, the brick mason and the- 
plasterers, for the erection of another house on the lot next north 
of the ne-w Baptist Church on South Broad-way. 

Individuals and firms doing thousands of dollars worth of busi- 
ness per year, would thus sometimes go weeks at a time without 
handling scarcely a dollar in money. During a good portion of the 
time covered by this financial and commercial depression, the wri- 
ter was engaged in the publication of a small paper in the interest 
of which he personally canvassed the most of the towns and villages- 
of Northern Ohio, and in about the proportion of nine to one, paj^- 
ments for subscription and advertising were made in trade, woolen 
cloths, calicoes, sheetings, shirtings, furnishing goods, boots, shoes, 
tinware, saddlery, etc., which in turn were traded for paper, wood, . 
coal, farm produce, etc., for the use of his own and his printers' 
families. This state of affairs was, in many respects, a very whole- 
some experience and discipline for both the business man and the 
farmer, mechanic and laborer of the day, inasmuch as the con- 
stant figuring and ingenuity required to transmute such commodi- 
ties as he could get for his own labor or products, but for which he 
had no use, into such articles as he really did need, had a tendency 
to sharpen both his intellectual and his business faculties, while at 
the same time it inculcated habits pf the strictest industry and the 
most rigid economy of both individuals and families. 


Of course, merchants had to have sonic money to make their 
purchases in the East, though these were largel3r made with wool 
and o1:her produce taken from the farmer in exchange for goods. 
Mechanics would also need to have a little money, to buy their 
iron, steel, paints, etc., and in making their contracts would have 
to stipulate accordingl3^, a liberal amount of go.od Eastern money 
finding its waj' into circulation here, during the Summer, in the 
purchase of ^vheat, wool, etc. There being no railroads in those 
days, transportation of every description from the East to the West, 
and from the West to the East, ^vas entirely suspended for nearly 
one-half of the j'ear; the writer, on getting married and going to 
housekeeping in November (1838), being obliged to hire beds and 
bedding to use through the Winter, until the provident young ladj', 
who had consented to unite her destiny w^ith his, could get her own 
liberal collection of such articles, from her former home iil the 
State of New York, on the opening of navigation in the Spring. 

And dire, indeed, w^as the condition of the poor wight who was 
s(j unfortunate as to be indebted to a heartless creditor; and the town 
and county -was then, as now, perhaps, cursed -with a class of Shy- 
locks, who not only stood ready to prey upon the necessities of 
their fello-ws, but to invariably insist upon the "pound of flesh," if 
the victim found himself unable to meet the fullest requirements 
of his bond, or of the inhuman and oppressive laws then in vogue. 
There was then no exemption of real estate from execution, and 
but about $20 worth of personal property, such as ftxrniture, per- 
sonal clothing, etc. In one instance in the South Village, in Decem- 
ber, 1838, and which created the most intense excitement in the 
community, as well as severe newspaper comment, in collecting a 
small store account from a hard-working mechanic, the creditor 
caused the Sheriff to levy upon everything he could find in and . 
about the house — furniture, meat, flour, potatoes, beans, apples, etc., 
and even the cradle of a sick infant and the washtub which con- 
tained its soiled linen, the family books, the ax from the scanty 
wood pile, etc., and when, in setting off the exemptions, the wife of 
the debtor wanted them to include a portion of the provisions, the 
creditor objected, because the law exempted clothing and furniture 

The law then sanctioned imprisonment for debt, and if the 
creditor chose to do so, by paying a dollar or two a week for board, 
to the Sheriff, he could cast his debtor into jail for an indefinite 
period, unless he could prevail upon some friend to sign a bond 
-admitting him to the limits of the county, in which case, if he but 
stepped over the county line for a single moment, the bondsman 
would become liable for the entire debt. Under this barbarous 
law, Mr. Charles W. Howard, one of Akron's pioneer manufacturers 
iind merchants, and for whom our well-known and well-used How- 
ard street was named, was, in 1837, incarcerated in the jail of 
Portage County for nearly a year, at the instance of the local 
attorneys of the well-remembered New York dry goods firm of 
Tappan, Edwards. & Co., the senior member of which firm— Arthur 
Tappan — was the best known philanthropist and promoter of the 
Anti-slavery cause, and other humanitarian and benevolent enter- 
prises, of half a century ago. Of course, in the extensive operations 
of the firm, Mr. Tappan had no personal knowledge of this particu- 
lar transaction, but, on the contrary, it was said that on his atten- 



tion being called to the matter, through certain strictures in the 
little paper, devoted to the righting of similar -wrongs, which the 
writer was then publishing (the "Buzzard") Mr. Howard's dis- 
charge was at once ordered. Be this as it may, Mr. H. ivas released 
from custody, either by such order, or by the repeal of the law in 
question, in March 1838. Mr. Ho-wrard's case was, by no means, the 
only case, in which citizens of early Akron and contiguous villages, 
suffered imprisonment for debt, though in most of the cases so 
long a confinement, or perhaps any actual incarceration, was obvi- 
ated by furnishing the required bond, giving them the range of the 
county — thus, of course, affording them the privilege of being with 
their families and of pursuing their customary vocations. 

It will thus be seen — and those of my contemporaries who have 
lived through them all, will bear me out in the assertion — that the 
"hard times" resulting from the panics, of 1873 to 1877, and from 
1883 to 1887, -were unalloyed prosperity, compared with the disas- 
trous nine years' panic and financial and commercial depression, 
from 1837 to 1846. 

As may readily be imagined, during that dark period in its 
historj', Akron made but comparatively slow progress; though even 
then, it pluckily more than held its own with its sister towns in 
Ohio, and of the West generally. 


View from near residence of Mr. Lorenzo Hall, "West Hill," lookin.s 
northeast.— From photo, by G. W. Manley, 1870. 

THE "cross-cut" CANAL. 71 




UP to 1840, the only access to, or egress from, Akron, except by 
wagon, etc., was by the Ohio Canal, completed from Aki'on 
to Cleveland in 1827, and through to the Ohio river in 1830. As 
early as 1825, however, the project of constructing a canal froin 
the Ohio river, a short distance below Pittsburg, to connect with the 
Ohio canal, then just commenced, at the Portage Summit, began 
to be agitated, a meeting of prominent citizens of Trumbull and 
Portage counties, in the furtherance of that project, being held at 
Ravenna, November 6, 1825, Gen. Simon Perkins, of Warren, and 
Dr. Eliakim Crosby, of Middlebury, being placed upon the com- 
mittee to collect information as to the most favorable route, etc. 

The ensuing Winter, a bill was introduced in the Ohio Legis- 
lature to incorporate the Penns3dvania & Ohio Canal Company, 
"for the sole purpose of making a navigable canal between some 
suitable point on the Ohio river, through the valley of the Mahoning 
river, to some suitable point on Lake Erie, or to some point on the 
Ohio Canal," said act to go into effect when the Legislature of 
Pennsylvania should pass a similar act, but final action upon the 
bill was postponed until the next session. 

The people along the line now became "terribly in earnest" on 
the subject, and numerous meetings vs^ere held at Beaver, New 
Castle, Warren, Ravenna, Franklin Mills, Middlebury, etc., in. -which 
Gen. Perkins, Judge King, Dr. Crosby, Judge Wetmore and others 
participated, and on the 10th day of January, 1827, the bill passed 
the Ohio Legislature, with Jonathan Sloane, of Ravenna, and 
Frederick Wadsworth, of Edinburg (afterwards for many years a 
resident of Akron), as the corporators for Portage County, a sim- 
ilar bill passing the Pennsylvania Legislature the following April. 

Outside of preliminary surveys, under the auspices of the 
Canal Commissioners of Pennsylvania and Ohio, nothing further 
was accomplished for the period of nearly eight years. 

Interest in the project at length having revived, on the 20th 
day of February, 1835, the charter was renewed with an amend- 



ment, giving the company ten years from December 31, 1835, in 
which to complete the work; Pennsylvania taking similar action 
April 13, 1835. 

East side Main street, South of Market, showing section of old Pennsylvania and 
Ohio Canal, and ruins of Ohio Exchange— 1855— from photo, by S. J. Miller. 

The Company was organized at Newcastle, May 21, 1835, with 
Judge Leicester King as a director, and as the Secretary; Col. 
Seb^ied Dodge (afterwards owner of the "Dodge farm," three miles 
west of Akron), being appointed Chief Engineer. The State having 
promised to take one dollar of the stock of the company, for every 
two dollars subscribed bj' private parties. Judge King pushed the 
matter so vigorously, both at home and in Pittsburg, Philadelphia, 
etc., that he was soon enabled to report private subscriptions to the 
amount of $840,000, the State promptly responding in the sum of 
$420,000; the Pennsylvania Legislature, in 1839, contributing $50,000 
for the completion of the work. In those days the present system 
of exchange was not in vogue, nor were there responsible express 
companies everyvi^here in operation, as now, and on his return from 
his successful canvass for stock subscriptions in Philadelphia, he 
brought with him, over the mountains, several hundred thousand 
dollars of gold and paper money in a common leather satchel, an 
exploit that would be considered very risky now, vi^ith all our 
improved police regulations and methods of travel. 

Though pushed quite vigorously for two or three years, for 
those comparatively slow times, the work was some^vhat retarded 
by the panic of 1837, owing to the difficulty of collecting stock 
installments, so that the canal was not fully completed and opened 
to through navigation until the spring of 1840, though portions at 
either end were in use as early as May, 1839. 

The project, originall}^, contemplated running the canal 
directly through Middleburj', with its western terminus above 
Lock One, on the Ohio Canal. This would have entirely given 
Cuyahoga Falls and North Akron the go-by. But in the interveii- 



ing years a material change of interest had taken place with Gen. 
Perkins, Judge King, Dr. Crosby and several others of its early 
pfonioters, which, together with some engineering difficulties 
encountered by the management, and the powerful influences 
brought to bear by the people of Cuyahoga Falls, resulted in a 
change of route, b}- which, after crossing the valley of the Little 
Cm-ahoga, it should merge itself with, and follow the route of, the 
Cascade Mill race, and unite with the Ohio Canal below Lock One. 
This change necessitated the construction south of Cuyahoga 
Falls, of nine descending locks to meet the level of the race, and 
of one lock up, at Mill street, in Akron, to meet the level of its junc- 
tion with the Ohio Canal, thus very materially augmenting the 
waters of the race, and by so much the power and value of the 

View of Xorth I^Iain street from Market, showing old Pennsylvania and Ohio 
Canal, Market street canal bridge, etc.,— 1875. 

Lnder this arrangement, and to somewhat mitigate the disap- 
pointment of the Middleborians, a side-cut was constructed, 
following the race from the junction southward to the mills and 
warehouses in that village. The first boat to navigate the western 
end of the new canal, was the "Joseph Vance," which, on May 9, 
1839, carrying a jolly load of passengers, sailed from the junction, 
in South Akron, making a triumphant entry into the "port" of 
Middlebury, amid the joyful plaudits of the people of that ancient 

It was not only supposed that this canal would greatly inure 
to the advantage of the towns and villages, through which it 
passed, but that Pittsburg, Philadelphia and other points in 
Pennsylvania, as well as Cleveland, Columbus and other points in 
Ohio, and further west and south, would be largely benefited 



On this point, the Beacon of May 6, 1839, said: "This canal will 
be of very great importance to the cities of Philadelphia and 
Pittsburg. In the Spring goods can be brought from Philadelphia 
four or five weeks earlier than by the New York Canal, which will 
make a vast difference with merchants who live far in the interior, 
who are naturally impatient at the long interruption to navigation 
which now occurs between the West and New York; and all the 
Bastern purchases will find their vv^ay to their destination by this 
route !" the idea also bping advanced that during the long seasons 
of suspension of navigation, by reason of low vsrater in the upper 
Ohio, shipments of merchandise and products to the lower Ohio 
and Mississippi could be made over this route; a Pittsburg paper 
of about this date, sajang: "This very important canal -will open 
to our city the trade of Warren, Akron, Massillon, Cleveland, and 
all the north and western portions of the flourishing State of Ohio; 
also of the lakes and Michigan, New York, Canada, etc." 

View of P. and O. Canal, South Main street from rear of Howard— the dwelling 
and clothes-yard in foreground, being the present site of O'Neil & Dyas' store. 

On the eastern division, the first trip from Beaver to Warren 
was made by the packet "Ontario," May 23, 1839, quite a jollifica- 
tion taking place on its arrival; among the impromptu toasts offfered 
and responded to, being: "Judge Leicester King and Col. Sebried 
Dodge, to whom the public is much indebted for the early comple- 
tion of this part of the P & O. Canal, in which they have done the 
company great justice, and themselves much credit!" 

The first boat through from Beaver, freighted with mer- 
chandise from Pittsburg, mostly iron, nails, glass, etc., arrived in 
Akron, April 4, 1840, on noticing which fact the Beacon said:: 
"Pennsylvania and Ohio are now united by a canal which prom- 
ises to be of immense benefit to both, and the citizens of Akron 
should felicitate themselves upon the completion of this impor- 
tant work, which, from its termination at this point, cannot but be- 
ef great importance to our already flourishing town." 

In May, 1840, Judge King, Secretary of the company, success- 
fully negotiated, at par, in Philadelphia, a sufficient amount of 


the bonds of the company to cancel its floating indebtedness and 
place it upon a firm financial foundation, with abundant funds to 
fully complete the line. 

At a meeting of the Board of Directors, at Warren, June 18, 
1840, it was resolved to celebrate the completion of the work, all 
along the line, and a committee of arrangements was appointed, 
consisting of Judge Leicester King, Hon. David Tod, Jonathan 
Sloane, Esq., and Col. Sebried Dodge; the programme being for the 
boats to start from Newcastle, Pa., at 6 o'clock 'a. m., August 4, 
proceed to Youngstown for dinner, and to Warren the same 
evening; leave Warren at 6 a. m., August 5, dine at Ravenna, and 
arrive at Franklin Mills (now Kent) the same evening; August 6 
leave Franklin at 7 a. m., and with brief stops at Munroe Falls, and 
Cuyahoga Falls, proceed directly to the junction of the two 
canals, in South Akron. 

The programme was successfully carried out. The Pennsjd- 
vania party, including Gov. David R. Porter, were met at the State 
line, by delegations from Warren and Youngstown, and were warmly 
welcomed to Ohio, by Judge King (in the absence of Gov. Wilson 
Shannon who had promised to be present), which was fittingly 
responded to by Gov. Porter. Similar ceremonies were observed 
at Youngstown, where the party dined, with a banquet, speeches, 
toasts, etc., at Warren in the evening. 

The next day, at Ravenna, a dinner was given the excur- 
sionists with an address of welcome by Hon. Darius Lyman, and 
responses by Gov. Porter and Col. Dickey, of Beaver, and in the 
evening, a supper and reception were given the party on its 
arrival at Franklin Mills. 

The next day, making a brief halt at Munroe Falls, where the 
villagers and surrounding farmers made the welkin ring with 
cheers and shouts of joy, the party, on arriving at Cuyahoga Falls, 
were escorted by a band of music, to the American House, where 
an enthusiastic reception, ^vith a bounteous collation, -was given 
them, -with an eloquent address of welcome from Hon Elisha N. 
Sill, and spirited responses from Gov. Porter, Col. Dickey, Judge 
King and others. 

Soon after leaving Cuyahoga Falls, the party was met by a 
boat carrying Akron's reception committee and other promi- 
nent citizens, -when the entire fleet, consisting of six new and 
freshly painted boats, with banners and pennants flying, to the 
music of the Akron Brass Band, led by the late Henry S. Abbey, 
drove gayly into Akron, amid the plaudits of the multitude who 
lined both banks of the canal from Tallmadge to Mill streets, and 
as soon as the lockage at the latter point could be made, continued 
on to final destination, in the lower basin of the Ohio Canal in 
South Akron, where an equally demonstrative crowd welcomed its 
arrival with booming cannon and prolonged and enthusiastic 
cheers. ' 

The six boats were drawn up side by side on the east side of 
the basin, many other boats already in the basin, quietly drawing 
near, when in the presence of the large concourse of people upon 
the shore and surrounding boats, Hon. Rufus P. Spalding deliv- 
ered an eloquent address of welcome to the distinguished visitors, 
and of congratulation to the officers of the company, at the final 
consummation of the great work whose completion they were met to 


celebrate, to which an equally eloquent and happy response was 
made in behalf of the visiting party, by Governor Porter. 

At the conclusion of the exercises at the basin, the visitors 
were transferred to' carriages, and, headed by the band and the 
Summit Guards, commanded by Capt. Philo Chamberlin, and fol- 
lowed by nearly the entire populace, were escorted to the Univer- 
salist Church, on North High street, where Judge King, on behalf 
of the directors, made a concise report of the work which had been 
so successfully accomplished, and of the highly satisfactory condi- 
tion and prospects of the company, Mr. King being followed by 
brief and spirited congratulatory speeches from Hon. David Tod, 
Gov. Porter, Hon. E N. Sill and others. 

At the close of the exercises at the church, the party repaired 
to the spacious hall in the third story of May's block (the present 
Clarenden Hotel), where a sumptuous dinner had been spread by 
that ancient prince of hotelists, Mr. Samuel Edgerly (father of Mrs. 
B. F. Battels and Charles H. Edgerly). 

Here the balance of the afternoon was spent in feasting, drink- 
ing, toasting arid speaking, in which both visitors and citizens 
heartily participated. 

Upon the Akron boat had been borne an elegant silk banner, 
upon which, in the line of his early artistical profession, the writer 
had painted in gilt, two right hands clasped underneath the legend, 
■"Pennsylvania and Ohio." Towards the close of the festivities, 
Mr. Spalding, offering as a sentiment: "Pennsylvania and Ohio, 
distinguished by unity of interest, unity of principle and unity of 
friendship," presented the flag in question to Gov. Porter, "as a 
slight testimonial of the respect entertained for him by the citizens 
of Akron, and as a memento, in subsequent life, of the joyful festivi- 
ties of the day." 

On receiving the flag, the Governor feelingly responded, 
expressing his great gratification at the kindness of his reception 
by the people of Ohio, and especiall}' at the extreme cordiality that 
had been extended to him by the citizens of Akron and Summit 

Much wonderment, and very great regret, was indulged in over 
the absence of Governor Shannon, after his unqualified agreement 
to honor the occasion with his presence, and on his non-appear- 
ance, without explanation, it w^as feared that he had been suddenly 
taken severely ill. But w^hen it soon afterwards transpired that, 
on the very days when the festivities named were in progress, the 
Governor was in attendance upon political meetings in the south 
part of the State, making stump speeches in behalf of his own 
re-election, the indignation hereabouts was both intense and 
emphatic, aiding to some extent, no doubt, in compassing his defeat. 
A previous historical writer has given the date of the celebration 
as 1841, and Gov. Thomas Corwin as the delinquent official, an error 
that should be corrected, as Gov. Shannon w^as defeated by Mr. 
Corwin, at the ensuing October election after his shabby treatment 
of Gov. Porter and the people of Northeastern Ohio. 

In the evening of the celeliration in Akron, as above related, 
there was an impromptu reception, with rather a late supper, 
accompanied -with the usual liquid refreshments then so univer- 
sal!}' in vogue, at the Ohio Exchange, on the present site of Woods' 
block, corner Main and Market streets. The visitors retiring to 


their several rooms at rather a late hour, were not very early astir 
in the morning, and when finally assembled for breakfast, Major 
General Seele3', of Warren, was found to be absent. A friend going 
to his room to call him found him dead, from an attack of apoplexy 
during the night. The General ■was 70 years of age, of genial man- 
ners, and a great favorite, his sudden and unexpected death, creating 
great excitement and the profoundest sorrow among his fello"w 
excursionists, as well as the citizens of Akron and other towns 
along the line of the canal generally. 

But sometimes the most serious event has a comical side to it, 
A middle-aged son of the General, a physician by profession, being 
bibulously inclined, not having entirely recovered from theindulg- 
encies of the night previous, on being informed of his father's death, 
broke out into an uncontrollable and hysterical fit of weeping. A 
lady acquaintance of the family, a former resident of Warren, then 
living in Akron, endeavored to comfort him, urging him to cease 
weeping and control his feelings, but the Doctor, in his maudlin 
phrenzy, pathetically exclaimed: "Why, I — I — I always crj- when 
my dear father dies ! " 

Among the incorporators and active promoters of the enter- 
prise "was a rather eccentric and some-what profane lawyer, of 
Ravenna, named Jonathan Sloane, and when the sudden death of 
Gen. Seeley, -who was one of his most intimate friends, "was dis- 
closed to him, rubbing his hands together he gleefully exclaimed : 
"Dom'dfine! Dom'd fine ! Went out of the world with his bellj' 
full of beefsteak and brandy ! " 

Hitherto transportation of iron, steel, nails, glass and other 
Philadelphia snd Pittsburg manufactures and merchandise, com- 
ing into Nortern Ohio, had to be made overland in "Conestoga 
wagons" — immense schooner-like affairs, drawn by four, six and 
eight horses — the products of this region, black salts.potash, wool, 
cheese, flour, etc., etc., being in like manner transported thither. 
Among the commanders of this class of crafts, the writer remem- 
bers, Mr. Peter More, of Sharon, (father of the well-known cattle- 
king. More Brothers, of California), Mr. George Grouse, of Tall- 
madge, afterwards of Green, (father of ex-Congressman G. W. Crouse) 
and Mr. Patrick Christy, of Springfield, (father of Messrs. James 
and John H. Christy), Mr. James Christy himself making an occa- 
sional trip both with his father and by himself. Indeed, the writer, 
then with a brother running the carriage making and painting 
business on the present site of the Paige block, on South Main 
street, made several excursions to Pittsburg with a four-horse rig, 
for iron, steel, paints and other supplies, in 1839-40, previous to the 
completion of the canal. 

The opening of the canal to navigation, as above narrated, 
changed all this, quite large warehouses being erected upon its 
banks, at Akron, Cuyahoga Falls and other points, for the storage 
and forwarding of produce and merchandise through the large num- 
ber of boats that immediately commenced plying thereon. 

For 12 or 15 years receipts for tolls were quite satisfactory, and 
several small dividends upon the stock were declared and paid. 
The tolls received at Akron amounted to about $7,000, in 1852; over 
$8,000, in 1853; and nearly $9,000, in 1855; quite large shipments 
being made by this route between Pittsburg and Cleveland, Mas- 
sillou, etc. 


In the meantime, however, railroad competition had come in, 
the completion of the Cleveland and Pittsburg,, and the Akron 
branch, in 1852, very materially interfering with the canal, and the 
building of the Mahoning Valley road, from Cleveland to Youngs- 
town, a few years later, seriously crippling its resources and 
impairing its usefulness and prosperity. 

In 1862, under a resolution adopted by the Legislature, in 1858, 
the Sinking Fund Commissioners sold the $420,000 worth of the 
stock of the canal owned by the State, to the Mahoning road for 
$35,000, which with stock previously secured from private parties, 
at equally low rates, gave that company a controlling interest in 
the canal. From that moment its doom was sealed; transportation 
rates largely discriminating in favor of the road and against the 
canal being adopted, traffic upon the latter soon almost entirely 

It will be remembered that in the erection of the canal, the 
Cascade Mill race, from Middlebury to Akron, had been merged 
therein, under an arrangement that gave the mills the advantage 
of the surplus or lockage waters from the canal. So Avhen, in 1867, 
the Legislature authorized the company to abandon or lease any 
portion of the canal it might deem advisable, the Akron Hydraulic 
Company leased, in perpetuity, all that portion of the canal 
between the Portage summit, near Ravenna, (including the reser- 
voirs, feeders, etc.), and Akron, with the view of mantaining the 
full supply of water that had hitherto, since the constructing of 
the canal, accrued to their several mills. 

By a provision of the charter, any portion of the canal not used 
for navigation purposes for the period of one year, became forfeited, 
the lands covered thereby reverting to their original o\srners. The 
middle and eastern portion having thus gone into disuse, its stag- 
nant waters were drained off by contiguous land owners, and its bed, 
and banks largely brought under cultivation 

The Akron Hydraulic Company, however, fully maintained its 
rights, under the charter, and its lease, by keeping the section 
between Akron and Ravenna in repair, and passing an occasional 
boat along its channel. In the meantime, the people of Cuyahoga 
Falls, feeling that not only was the health of the neighborhood 
being imperiled by the comparative stagnation of its waters, but 
that a large proportion of what water did pass, was just so much 
wrongfully kept from the wheels of their own mills and manufac- 
tories, in the Spring or early Summer of 1868, the bank of the canal 
was clandestinely cut in three several places, both at, above and 
below that village, by which the entire waters of the long level 
between Kent and the nine locks were drawn off into the river. 

The Hydraulic Company several times repaired the breaches 
thus made, and sought to protect them by stationing watchmen 
along the line, but as often would the waters mjrsterioaslr " per- 
colate" through the soft earth, and wash it out again. In this way 
the fatal year was permitted to pass, without a resumption of 
navigation, and quo warranto proceedings were at length brought 
in the Supreme Court, in 1872, under which Gen. A. C. Voris, of 
Akron, and Hon. Samuel Quinby, of Warren, were appointed 
trustees to sell the property, rights, franchises, etc., of the Canal 
Company to the highest bidder, which was accordingly done, in 
September, 1873, for the sum of $38,000, the Mahoning Railroad 


Company, being the sole beneficiary of the sale. This sale did not, 
of course, affect the rights of the mill men in that portion con- 
nected with the original mill race, between Middlebury and 
Akron, nor the short section, between the junction with the race, 
in Main street, and the Ohio Canal basin in South Akron, the ben- 
efits of whose waters, through the Mill street Lock, the mill 
owners still for some years continued to enjoy. 

To this enjoyment the South Main street people, through 
whose lands the canal ran, put in an emphatic demurrer one 
night, in the Spring of 1874, by filling the canal with earth at the 
Exchange street bridge, and tapping the towing pkth at one or 
two points further North, and discharging the -waters of the level 
upon the bottom lands, and ipto the Ohio Canal on the "west. 
Legal proceedings against the supposed nocturnal violators of the 
law were instituted, but finally abandoned, and that portion of the 
canal also reverted to the contiguous land owners, and the 
Pennsylvania and Ohio Canal, as such, became a thing of the past, 
and its bed and banks, from Newcastle Junction to Akron are now 
covered by the tracks of the Pittsburg & Western Rail^way, as fully 
set forth in another chapter. 

The conception of the scheme, however, was a grand one, and 
one which, through the sagacity and enterprise of Gen. Perkins, 
Judge King, Dr. Crosby and their contemporaries, did its full 
share towards establishing the commercial and manufacturing 
reputation and importance of Akron, Middlebury and Cuyahoga 
Falls, and but for the advent of that still more potent factor of 
human enterprise and progress — the modern railroad — would still 
have been one of the cherished institutions of the State, and a 
source of profit to its proprietors. 

As a mill race, however, conveying the waters of the Little 
Cuyahoga river, Springfield Lake, etc., from Ancient Middlebury, 
now the populous Sixth Ward, of Akron, to the several extensive 
flouring mills of the city, it is still doing valuable service, though 
hidden from sight by a substantial conduit through Main, and that 
portion of Mill street, east of Howard. Peace to the "ashes" of 
the Pennsylvania and Ohio Canal! 





AFTER the consummation of the Cascade Mill race scheme, by 
which the -waters of the Little Cuyahoga river had been turned 
from their course, at Middleburj', and brought to North Akron, 
thus constituting the extensive "water-power no^w o"wrned by the 
Akron Hydraulic Company, and which has, in reality, made Akron 
"what it is. Doctor Eliakim Crosby conceived the idea of securing 
as an adjunct to that then potent element of manufacturing 
gro^wth and prosperity, the entire volume of the waters of the Big- 
Cuyahoga river, also. Quietly, but carefully, making his surveys, 
the Doctor satisfied himself that, if the right of \sray, and the 
requisite territory, together with an adequate construction fund,, 
could be secured, a -water-power second in magnitude and accessi- 
bility to no other in the Western country could be created, and a 
large manufacturing to-wn, rivalling even the most prosperous in 
New Tork and New England could be built up. 

The village of Cuyahoga Falls -was already largely using the 
waters of the river for manufacturing purposes, but the peculiar for- 
mation of the land and the stream below the village, -with its deep 
and almost inaccessible gorge, rendered the availability of it& 
waters, for manufacturing purposes, both difficult and extremely 
inconvenient, if not -wholly impracticable. 

In the furtherance of this project. Doctor Crosby, having sold 
his one-third interest in the Cascade Mill race and contiguous^ 
lands in North Akron, to his associates in that enterprise. General 
Simon Perkins and Judge Leicester King, with the avails thereof 
quietly, through Mr. Eleazer C. Sackett (for many years past, until 
his death, July 10, 1889, at the age of 88, a resident of Wyandotte, 
Kansas), in 1836 secured, by purchase, all the lands abutting on the 
river, on both sides, from a point a little below the " High Bridge, " 
in what is -now known as the "Glens," to its junction with the 
little Cuyahoga, a short distance below Lock Twenty-one upon the 
Ohio Canal. 

Of the large tract of land thus purchased, nearly four square 
miles, or something over 2,500 acres, about 200 acres were nicely 
platted, and a large and handsomely engraved and printed map of 
" Summit City" was placed on exhibition in the principal business 
centers of the country, particularly in the East, and capitalists 
were invited to invest in the choice manufacturing sites and 
eligible building lots for business blocks and private residences^ 
displayed thereon. 


To those familiar with the territory comprising what is now 
generally known as the "Chuckery" (so named from the facetious 
remark of that inveterate joker and punster, the late Col. John 
Nash, of Middlebury, in reply to the inquiry of a stranger as to 
the population of Summit City, that as near as he could judge it 
was about 10,000, "that is," he said, with that peculiar leer of his, 
"one man and nine thousand, nine hundred and ninety-nine wood- 
chucks"), it will be readily seen that the location was remarkably 
favorable for the success of the contemplated scheme. The large 
plateau, now designated as " North Hill," embracing the Wise 
farm, and contiguous lands north to the river, and east to the old 
Pennsylvania and Ohio Canal, were admirably adapted to private 
residences, public buildings, parks, etc., -while the next lo^wer pla- 
teau, embracing Cuyahoga street, "was to be the business or 
mercantile portion of the city; the contemplated mammoth mills 
and manufacturing establishments to be located on the side of the 
bluffs, the lower plateau, and along the bottom lands of the Little 
Cuyahoga, from a short distance west of the deep cut of the 
Howard street extension, around the brow of the hill westerly and 
northerly, to the junction of the two rivers. 

On the 27th day of February, 1837, a charter -was granted to 
Simon Perkins, Eliakim, Crosby, Frederick Wadsworth, Eleazer 
C. Sackett, Edmund W. Crittenden, Peter Eicher and their asso- 
ciates and successors, under name and style of the Portage Canal 
and Manufacturing Company, with an authorized capital of $500,- 
000, and with power to issue bonds for the purpose of raising funds 
for building its dam and canal, and defraying the other necessary 
expenses of the corporation, and with authority to mortgage its 
entire lands and franchises to secure the payment of such bonds. 

The first series of bonds was issued with the view of being 
negotiated in London, through the United States Bank of Penn- 
sylvania, at Philadelphia, to which institution, as trustee, the 
company executed a mortgage upon all its lands and franchises,, 
on the 19th day of April, 1839, to secure the payment of said bonds. 
The total amount of bonds thus authorized was £20,000 sterling, 
in forty .bonds of £500 each. These bonds, as prepared, were 
nicely engraved, with a handsome vignette, representing both a 
moving canal boat and a railroad train, fine marginal designs, 
with 24 interest coupons attached to each, and were nicely printed 
on a fine quality of bank note paper. The body of the bonds read 
as follo'ws: 



. 500 £ St'g. [Canal Boat, etc.] £ St'g 500. 

the State of Ohio February, 27th, A. D. 1837) , promise to pay to the bearer of this Bond, FiVB 
HUNDRED POUNDS STKEUNG, on the first day of January, one thousand, eight hundred 
and , with interest thereon at the rate of SIX per cent, per annum from the 

date hereof Tiie said interest to be paid semi-annually, on the first days of January and 

July, on presenting- the proper warrant for the same at , where the principal 

will also be paid on the surrender of this certificate at its maturity. 

Witness the Seal of said Corporation, with the signatures of the President 

[SBAl] and Treasurer, at Akron, Ohio, the day of A. D. 18. . .. 

Treasurer. President. 

With the exception of some four or five of these bonds, negoti- 
ated with Joseph S. Lake, a Wooster Banker, and a stockholder 
in the company, it was found impracticable to carry out this 
scheme, because of the alleged stringency of the money market in. 



London, and because of the discovery that, being a corporation, 
the United States Bank of Pennsylvania, under the laws of that 
State, could not legally act as a trustee for their negotiation. An 
arrangement was therefore made by the company "with Mr. Lake 
to give him, in exchange for the bonds he had thus purchased, a 
like amount in a new series of bonds to be issued, and the mort- 
gage given, as above stated, to the U. S. Bank, was duly cancelled 
on the 30th day of March, 18il. On the succeeding day, March 31, 
1841, a mortgage was executed in favor of John J. Palmer, of New 
York, as trustee, to secure the payment of bonds to be issued by 
the company, to the amount of $100,000, in sums of $500 each, to be 
negotiated by him, w^hich bonds, similar in style and execution to 
the others, as appears by a specimen in the hands of the writer, 
were as follows: 

[Loan of 100,000 Dollars.] [Real Estate Pledged By Deed of Trust.] 


$500. [Canal Boat, etc.] $500. 

the State of Ohio, February 27, 1857), promise to pay the bearer of this Bond, FrvE HUNDRED 
Doi^tAES, on the first day of January, One Thousand, Eight Hundred and Forty-Six, with 
interest thereon at the rate of SIX per cent, per annum from the date' hereof ; the said 
interest to be paid seini-annuallv, on the first days of January and July, on presenting the 
proper warrant for the same, at The Merchants' Bank in the City of New York, at 
which INSTITUTION, the principal will also be paid on the surrender of this Certificate- at 
its maturity. 

Witness the Seal of said Corporation, with the Signatures of the President and 
[SEAL.] Treasurer, at Akron, Ohio, the thirty-flrst daj' of March, A. D. 1811. 

S. Day, Treasurer. Eliakim Ckosby, President. 

[Instituted March 31, 1811.] [Appraised at five times the amount of the Loan.] 

Some time previous to the issue of the bonds described, the 
original proprietors of the lands and water power, Messrs. Crosby, 
Eicher, Sackett and Crittenden, transferred the entire property to 
the company, after it had become duly organized, being credited 
therefor, upon the books of the company, the sum of $500,000, stip- 
ulating to erect the dam, construct the canal and cause to be 
surveyed and laid out into suitable sized lots for the purposes 
designed, 100 acres or more of said lands. Of the $500,000 thus 
credited to them, the original proprietors set apart the sum of 
$118,000, for the execution of the work they had stipulated to per- 
form. Subsequently, said original proprietors contracted with 
Mr. E. C. Sackett to build the canal or race for the sum of $90,000, 
Mr. Sackett entered vigorously into the work, its progress, from the 
nature of the route to be traversed, Taeing necessarily very 
slow, however, and after he had expended about $50,000 the com- 
pany, reimbursing him in that amount, purchased his contract, 
binding itself to complete the work as stipulated therein. After- 
wards the company contracted with Dr. Crosby, for the sum of 
$30,000, to complete the dam and race, excepting the unfinished 
work upon the latter begun by Mr. Sackett; but for some reason 
not now fully ascertainable, this arrangement fell through, and 
the company itself, under the superintendency of Dr. Crosby, 
proceeded to complete the -work. 

The means for the earlier prosecution of the work were mostly 
procured from the sale of shares of stock, lots, etc. For this 
purpose. Dr. E. W. Crittenden, as general agent of the company, 


and James \V. Phillips as special agent, visited New York 
Philadelphia, and other Eastern cities, in the interest of the corpo- 
ation. Money being a decidedly "cash article," in those days — the 
panic of 1837 then being full head on — large blocks of stock in 
Eastern railroads and other corporations, real estate and all kinds 
of merchandise, were taken in exchange for both stock shares and 
building lots in the prospective citj'; a store being opened, about 
1840, in the corner room of the historical old stone block — -where 
the M. \V. Henry block now stands, corner Howard and Market 
streets — by E. Darwin Crosby, son of Dr. Eliakim Crosby, the large 
double-faced gilt sign, bearing his name, on either side, as above 
given, made by the writer, now doing service as a shelf for canned 
fruit in his [the writer's] cellar, at 510 West Market street. 

Later on, in 1842, the late John T. Balch (father of Mr. 
Theodoric A. Balch, of 136 Balch street), as agent for John R. 
Hudson, of New York, contracted to furnish goods upon the orders 
of the company, at retail prices, to the amount of $30,000, on a 
vear's credit, the company to provide two store rooms for the sale 
of said goods, rent free. The main store under the taking title of 
•' The New York Store," was established in room No. 3, of the stone 
block, and filled w^ith a large and well-selected stock of general mer- 
chandise, for sale to the public at large, as well as upon the orders 
of the company; a smaller but pretty full assortment of goods also 
being kept in a store erected' by the company in "Summit City," 
on the southwest corner of Cuyahoga street and Tallmadge 
aveaue. The same building, then occupied as a dwelling bj' Mr. 
Seth Sackett, was destroyed by fire on the night of February, 11, 
1844, with all its contents, the iamily, in their night clothes, barely 
escaping with their lives; the New York Store closing business on 
the 25th day of April, the same year. 


Elsewhere will be found, in detail, the history of the erection 
of Summit County, and the protracted and bitter struggle over the 
location of the county seat. For the purposes of this chapter it 
will be sufficient to say that, in 1840, the "Chuckery" appeared upon 
the tapis as a compromise candidate for county-seat honors, 
against Akron and Cuyahoga Falls, between which towns a fierce 
rivalry existed. Akron claimed it as being the larger, in point of 
manufactures, general business and population, and because of its 
more convenient access from a large proportion of the territory 
included in the new county; while Cuyahoga Falls claimed it 
because of its more central geographical locatioti, its alleged 
superior water power; its more favorable topographical advantages, 
and above all for its unsurpassed salubrity and healthfulness; the 
"Chuckery's" claim being that by means of its gigantic hydraulic 
operations, then rapidly progressing. Summit City would speedily 
outgrow either of the other claimants, both in the magnitude of its 
manufactures and general business, and in population, while its 
accessibility, as well as its beauty of location, would be generally 
satisfactory to the people of the entire county, and allay the bitter 
animosities that were being engendered in the controversy then 
being waged between its two rivals. 

So promising were the prospects of the company at this time, 
and so plausible were the arguments presented by Drs. Crosby and 



Crittenden before the revie"wing commissioners, at an all day's 
meeting held by them in the Universalist (late Baptist) Church, in 

1841, to hear the question discussed, that t^ivo of the three commis- 
sioners actually decided in its favor, and proceeded to "stick the 
stakes" for the public buildings on the first level above the vallej' 
of the Little Cuyahoga, a little east of the house now owned by Mr. 
R. A. Grimwood, on Glenwood avenue, built and formerly occupied 
by Mr. E..C. Sackett, one of the most prominent and active promot- 
ers of the "Chuckery" scheme. 

It is possible that this selection would have prevailed, the disas- 
ters of the company have been averted and the project have proved 
a triumphant success, but for the "moving" remark of bluff old 
Dr. Daniel Upson, of Tallmadge, -while the measurements were 
being made and the stakes driven, who said to the bystanders, loud 
enough to be heard by the commissioners, that "nobody but fools 
or knaves -would think of locating county buildings on such a spot 
as that." This so incensed the commissioners -who, having con- 
versed -with the Doctor the day before, knew that though his resi- 
dence -was nearer the Falls, he was favorable to Akron, that 
they immediately pulled up their stakes, and proceeded to locate 
the county seat at Cuyahoga Falls as elsewhere stated, resulting 
finally in a submission of the question to a vote of the people, in 

1842, and a confirmation of the judgment of the original comrnis- 
sioners in favor of Akron. 

To those familiar -with the topog- 
raphy of the section traversed 
by the canal, the engineering diffi- 
culties to be overcome, with the 
crude and limited appliances then 
in vogue, to say nothing of the 
serious financial embarrassments 
by which the company and the. 
contractors -were beset, the won- 
der is that the really gigantic 
work in question could then have 
been accomplished as soon as it 
was, while in these modern 
days of improved labor-saving 
expedients, and comparatively 
easy finances, it could have been 
done in one -fourth the titae, 
though probablj' at double the 
cost; common laborers upon the 
job then receiving but $13 per 
month, $2 only of which was in 
money, and the remaining $11 in 
orders upon the company's stores.. 
For the information of those who 
have never been over the ground, I will attempt to convey what, at 
best, will be but a faint idea of the magnitude of the work. 

In the first place, a dam, some 20 feet in height, was required 
to be thrown across the river, from whence to draw the water 
thereof at a sufficient elevation to properly flow through the con- 
templated canal and discharge itself, on reaching its intended 
outlet at the other end, a distance of nearly four miles. This dam. 

Vie-w of "Big Falls" on Cuyahofi:a River, 

from "Chuckery" race, opposite "Old 

Maid's Kitchen. ' 



nearh' 100 feet below the general surface of the surrounding coun- 
-tr3', was constructed of heavy timbers, anchored to the bed rock, at 
the bottom of the narrow gorge where it was located, with the ends 
of the upward arching superstructure resting against the solid 
rocky walls of the river bank, upon either side. Though meeting 
with several disasters and many hindrances, by reason of frequent 
floods; during the progress of the work, the dam was finally suc- 
cessfully completed some time in the year 1843. 

For two miles from the dam, the canal had to be cut from the 
solid rock of the overhanging cliff, or built up from the bed of the 
stream with substantial masonry and curbing, and filled in with 
earth difficult of access. On emerging from the gorge of the river 
a mile or so above the present covered bridge, the course of the 
•canal, southward, was through a succession of large spurs of the 
high bluffs on the northwestern verge of the upper plateau of the 
company's domain, and at an elevation of fully one hundred feet 
above the bed of the river. 

These bluffs, composed chiefly of sand, had been corrugated and 
worn into deep ravines, by the action of the surface water from the 
Tipper plateau in its flo-w towards the river. These numerous high 
ridges required to be cut down, w^hile the intervening gullies had 
-to be elevated to the proper level for the bed of the canal then 
'laeing built. To have done this by the usual modes of excavation 
then in vogue, the shovel, the barrow, the scraper and the cart, 
w^ould have required an immense number of men and teams, and 
an immense expenditure of time, muscle and money. 

But the engineering and 
hydraulic skill of Dr. Crosby 
were equal to the emergency. 
Procuring a permit from the 
managers of the Pennsylvania 
and Ohio Canal, that canal was 
tapped upon the eastern verge 
of the company's lands, and in 
a shallow ditch, formed mainly 
by its own current, the vsrater 
was conducted across the nearly 
level plain, about a mile and a 
half, to the w^estern edge of the 
plateau, where, in troughs and 
properly directed sluice-ways, it 
was made to wash the parts to 
be cut down into the parts to be 
filled up; the latter being forti- 
fied at the bottom with suitable 
breastworks of logs, brush, etc., 
to catch the moving sand, which 
were from time to time added to, 
as the cavities filled up. 

In this way, not only were the 
depressions in the bluffs brought 
up to the required level, but thousands and perhaps millions of 
cubic yards of earth were deposited upon the flats below; the 
bottoms, between the river and bluffs, being in places raised from 
twenty-five to thirty feet; trees of quite large growth, being almost 
completely buried thereby. 

View of "Old Maid's Kitchen, 

"Chucliery" race below the "Big 
Falls," on Cuyahoga river. 



The south end of the canal, along the base of the upper plateau, 
for a mile or more, was constructed in the usual way, with shovels, 
barrows, scrapers, carts, etc., and though the work had several 
times been suspended, by the exigencies of the times, and the 
many unavoidable obstacles it had encountered, the great project 
was at length so far consummated, that on the 27th day of May, 
1844, the water was turned into the canal at the dam, and, 
running its entire length, nearly four miles, was permitted to flow, 
for a short time, over the edge of the lower bluffs into the valley of 
the Little Cuyahoga, at a point about midway between Cuyahoga 
street and Howard street extension. 

The news that the water was 
to be let into the "Chuckery" 
canal, at a given hour of the day 
named, attracted to the spot a 
large crowd of interested people, 
T-nsjHi - • from both " Summit Cit3^" Akron 

^-j3PB|ftEi V. • and the surrounding country-. 

hjTSgBStllS^i^- • .' . Of thiS event, Hiram Bowen, 

Esq., founder and editor of the 
Beacon, in the issue of May 29, 
1844, said: 

"On Monday morning last the 
vi^ater of the Great Cuyahoga 
river was turned into the race, 
which has been for several years 
in process of construction by the 
Portage Canal and Manufactur- 
ing Company, for the purpose of 
conducting it to the brow of the 
hill, just north of the village, to 
be used for hydraulic purposes, 
The water flowed freely through 
the rocky channel which has 
been made at incredible labor 
and expense along the precipi- 
tous banks of the Cuyahoga, for more than tw^o miles, w^hen it 
passed into that portion of the race made through the sand bank, 
where it makes a southerly course to'wards the village of Akron, and 
leaves the river. Here, in consequence of the porous nature of 
the soil, the water made but slow progress, but it crept slowly and 
securely on towards its destined termination, the distance through, 
from the commencement of the sand bank, being about two miles. 
Long before the v^ater came in sight a crowd of spectators from 
the neighboring villages, had gathered to witness the interesting 

"About 4 o'clock p. m. the water was descried from the point 
where it vsras to flow over the hill into the valley of the Little 
Cuyahoga river, when the ' Baby Waker' of the Summit Guards, 
stationed on a neighboring hill, awakened the echoes that skirt 
the vallies of the two rivers, by repeated discharges, done ip fine 
style. This was answered by the hearty cheers of the multitude, 
and the ringing of the bells from the town. Then came a pause, 
and all were on tip-toe to see the final consummation of this great 
work — the fall of the water at the end of the race into the vallev 

View of " Chuckerj' " race where it emerges 

from the roclty banlv of the Cuyahoga 

river, into the sandv plain towards 



below. The water came slowly on, as if it had lost its -way, and 
was loth to leave the foamy bed of the ancient river, and check its 
headlong career to be subject to the control of man. But art and 
enterprise had triumphed— the great work, which had so long been 
held in doubt, was accomplished, for soon the water was seen to 
emerge from the termination of the canal, and flow over the hill 
into the valley below. This was greeted with three cheers from 
the people and the firing of cannon. Ithiel Mills, Esq., then pro- 
posed the following sentiment, to which the people responded with 
a right good will, and then retired to their homes:. 

" 'Dr. E. Crosby: The noble projector and efficient executive 
of the great enterprise this day successfully accomplished, of 
introducing the waters of the Great Cuyahoga river to Akron by 
land. Of his noble and persevering spirit of enterprise, his fellow- 
citizens are justly' proud.'" 

It w^as to be expected, of course, that there \vould be more or 
less defects in the bed of the canal, particularly in the sandy por- 
tion of it, that ^vould need to be puddled and otherwise remedied, 
• and there being as yet no proper gates and sluices for safely 
conducting the water into the Little Cuyahoga river, the water was 
turned off at the dam until these things could be provided, and, as 
the sequel proved, never to be again turned on. 

Of the causes that led to the final overthrow of this gigantic 
project, which had cost so much time, labor and mone;\', and so 
great a degree of intrepidity, skill and perseverance of its projector 
and his associates, it is difficult at this remote day to definitely 
determine. But from the legal and other sources of information 
available, it seems to have largely resulted from want of harmony 
among the stockholders, and the importunity of the numerous 
creditors of the company, and perhaps, to a certain extent, from the 
cupidity, if not downright rascality, of certain parties who had 
been trusted with the sale of bonds, stocks, lots, etc., and the 
purchase of merchandise and other property in exchange therefor, 
the court records showing that about fifty suits at law, and in 
chancery, were instituted against the companj^ and parties con- 
nected therewith, betvi^een the time its embarrassments and 
complications became manifest, until the final closing up of its 

Finding itself unable to restore harmony among its members, 
or regain the confidence of capitalists, in September, 1845, Joseph 
S. Lake,* of Wooster, was appointed a trustee, and all of the lands 
and franchises of the company were conveyed to him, in fee 
simple, for the purpose, as he expressed it in his advertisement 
announcing his appointment, "of enabling him to payoff the debts 
of the company, and to secure a good title to the purchasers;" and 
to more speedily accomplish that object, he associated with him- 
self, W. S. C. Otis, Esq., to arrange and settle claims, and receive 
pay for lands sold; and Mr. E. C. Sackett to make Sales of lands, 
rent property, etc. 

Finding that but little, if any, headway was being made by 
Trustee Lake, towards adjusting the affairs of the company, and 
placing it upon its feet again, on the 20th day of June, 1845, John 
J. Palmer, of New York, mortgagee of all the company's property 
in trust to secure the payment of its bonds negotiated through 
him, filed a bill in chancery, in the Court of Common Pleas of 


Summit County, for the foreclosure of said mortgage, in which 
suit, besides the corporation itself, some 45 or 50 more or less 
interested private individuals were made parties. What with 
answers, replications, demurrers, amendments, references, contin- 
uances, etc., this suit -was prolonged until the October term of the 
court, 1849, at which time a judgment was rendered against the 
company for $127,832.18 and costs $289.81, and a decree entered for 
the sale of the mortgaged property, by Daniel R. Tilden, Esq., as 
Special Master Commissioner; E. C. Sackett having been appointed 
by the court, receiver of rents, etc., pending said litigation. 

Having been duly advertised, said property was sold by Master 
Commissioner Tilden, on the 15th, day of June, 1850; a few of the 
smaller portions, city lots, etc., being sold to parties to whom they 
had previously been sold or contracted, by the company, and who 
had made improvements thereon ; but the bulk of the property, includ- 
ing its water-power, hydraulic improvements, franchises, etc., 
being sold to W. S. C. Otis, Esq., attorney for the bondholders for 
the sum of $38,172, the entire sales aggregating a little over $42,000, 
for what, exclusive of the large outlay on the dam and race, had 
originally cost the company nearly or quite $300,000. 

In speaking of this sale, John Teesdale, Esq., then editor of the 
Beacon, said: "Its present shape renders it available for the exe- 
cution of the original design, and the conviction seems to be 
general that -with tjie requisite enterprise and energy, the new 
purchasers may realize from their investment what even the most 
sanguine of the stockholders dared hope for." 

But the prediction of Mr. Teesdale was destined never to be 
verified. The rapidly increasing use of steam, as a machinery pro- 
pelling power, and the constantly diminishing volume of water in 
the Cuyahoga river, by reason of the -wanton denudation of adja- 
cent timber lands, rendering hydraulic privileges less desirable, 
the entire project was finally abandoned, and the territory included 
in the original scheme, embracing about 2,500 acres — with the small 
exceptions noted — -was. sold as occasion offered, to private parties, 
mostly for agricultural purposes; though at this time a considera- 
ble portion thereof is rapidly assuming a city aspect, preparatory 
to annexation as the Seventh Ward of the exceptionally prosper- 
ous and growing city of Akron; while the dismantled canal through 
the gorge of the Cuyahoga river — now largely overgrown with 
bushes and trees — only serves as an object of curious interest and 
-wonderment to the thousands of pleasure seekers who annually 
visit that now celebrated Summer resort, " The Glens; " that portion 
south of'the river being rapidly obliterated by the action of the 
elements upon its sandy embankments, and the plowshare of the 
gardener and husbandman. 


Fifty years ago the Crosby family were not only the very elite, 
but the very life and soul of Akron society, first and foremost in 
every good work and social enterprise, the second and third daugh- 
ters, Louisa and Mary, being very fine singers — the latter occupying 
about the same position in musical circles that Mrs. Henry Perkins 
holds among us to-day. 

What I have said of Dr. Eliakim Crosby, in this and former 
chapters, conveys but a faint idea of his services to the people of 


Aki-oii, a meager recognition of which has been tardily accorded in 
the naming of the new street running parallel with West Market 
street, f^om Maple to Balch streets; and also in giving his name to 
the Third Ward school building, corner of Smith and West streets. 

It is proper, in closing this chapter, and as supplemental to 
matters pertaining to the same subject contained in the first chap- 
ter of these papers, to add the following in regard to Doctor Crosby 
and his family: In 1830, the Doctor buried his wife, Mrs. Marcia 
Beemer Crosby, who died October 13, at the age of 38 years, 
having borne him seven children, four sons and three daughters. 
In about 1832 he moved his family to his projected new village of 
"Cascade," building for himself the house which is still standing 
•on the back part of the lot on the corner of North Howard and 
Beach streets, and for many years known as the "Wheeler 
JHouse." A year or t-wo later this property was exchanged, "with 
Mr. Reuben Downing, for the present lot occupied by the St. Vin- 
-cent De Paul Church and parsonage, corner of West Market and 
Maple streets, and in the plain story-and-a-half frame house thereon 
he continuously resided until removing from the town in 1853. 

August 15, 1832, Doctor Crosby married for his seconc^wife 
Elizabeth Brackett, who died January 3, 1834, an infant daughter 
remaining to him as the fruit of this marriage. May 8, 1834, he 
married for his third wife, Mrs. Ann Hamlin West (widow of Dr. 
Wareham West, who died in Middlebury, December 9, 1821, at the 
age of 30 years), her only daughter, Mary West, then being added 
to the lively family circle. 

After the disastrous failure of the great enterprise of his life, 
and the termination of the perplexing litigation connected there- 
with, shattered in fortune and spirits, Dr. Crosby, in 1853, removed 
with his wife and youngest daughter, to Suamico, near Green Bay, 
Wisconsin, where his youngest son, Benjamin Franklin Crosby, 
Tivas then engaged in the lumber trade; his two other sons, Henry 
Clay, and K. Darwin, soon after going thither also. Dr. Crosby died 
at Suamico, September 2, 1854, aged 75 years and 6 months, his 
widow, Mrs. Ann Hamlin Crosby, dying at the same place Decem- 
ber 11, 1857, aged 64 years. 

Dr. Crosby's eldest son, John B., died in Akron, September 23, 
1832, aged 20 years. His second son, Henry Clay, married Mary 
West, (daughter of his last step-mother), and soon after the death 
of his parents removed to Chicago, near which city, in the pleas- 
ant village of Winnetka, he died May 27, 1886, in the 71st year of 
his age; his wife and one son, Wareham West Crosby, surviving 
him. The next younger son, E. Darwin, recently died in Chicago, 
where the youngest son, Benjamin Franklin, now lives. 

Of Doctor Crosby's four daughters, Calista M., when quite 
young was married to Charles W. Howard, one of Akron's pioneer 
merchants, and for whom Howard street was named, and in 1853 
was again -married to Judge Leicester King, of Warren, who died 
in 1856. She is still living, dividing her time among her brothers, 
sisters and other friends at Chicago, Colorado Springs, Akron and 
other places; her only son, Charles O. Howard, having died in 
Nebraska in 1876. The second daughter, Louisa, married WiUiam 
Harrison Dewey, (brother of the late Mrs. Dr. Joseph Cole, of 
Akron), also one of early Akron's enterprising business men, who 
died in Chicago in 1863, leaving to the care of his widow five 



daughters; the eldest, Jennie, died in 1870; the second, lone, mar- 
rying Gen. L. P. Bradley, of the United States Army, now retired; 
the third, Helen, marrying Capt. Rogers, of the U. S. Army; the 
fourth, Louisa, marrying Samuel Colyer, son of Rev. Dr. Robert 
Colyer, now living in Portland, Oitegon; the fifth, Charlotte, 
unmarried, still living with her mother. Dr. Crosby's third daugh- 
ter, Mary, married Hon. Henry W. King, brother of our present 
well-known citizen, David L. King, Esq., the two brothers forming 
the law firm of King & King, in this city, from 1849 to 1851; Mr. 
Henry W. King also holding the office of Secretary of State and Com- 
missioner of Public Schools, from 1850 to 1852, dying in Akron, 
November 20, 1857, at the age of 42 years and one month, leaving 
two children, Harry C. and Julia H. The former died in Washing- 
ton in August, 1864, while serving as one of Summit Count3''s 100- 
day men in the war of the rebellion. The daughter, Julia H., is 
married to Homer Dewey Fisher, son of the late Dr. Alexander 
Fisher, of Chicago, (formerly of Akron), who is no"w manager of 
the Colorado Midland Railway, with headquarters at Colorado 
Springs, and -with w^hom Mrs. King no\s^ resides. Dr. CrosbA^'s 
youi^est daughter, (by his second wife), Elizabeth Brackett Crosby, 
married Charles N. White, paymaster of the N. Y., L. E. & W. R. R., 
with headquarters at Nyack, N. Y., where she died in Decem- 
ber, 1885. 

View from West Hill, above Glendale Avenue, looking East.— From photo 
by E. J. Howard, 1879. 




'"PHE opening of the Ohio Canal, from Cleveland to Akron, in 
, -»- 1827, and through to the Ohio river, in 1830, greatly increasing 
the facilities for travel and transportation, very materially changed 
the currents of trade, diverting business from old established cen- 
ters, like Ravenna, Canton, Wooster, Medina, etc., to such points 
as Akron, Massillon, Canal Fulton, Clinton, etc., on the line of the 

As early as 1833, therefore, the farmers of the v^estern portion 
of Portage, and the eastern portion of Medina Counties, in connec- 
tion with the people of the new and enterprising village of Akron, 
began to agitate the question of a new county, to be composed of 
tw^o tiers of townships from Portage, one tier from Medina, and a 
sufficient amount of territory from either Stark or Wayne, or both, 
to answ-er the constitutional requirements in regard to area. 

To facilitate the project, on the 14th day of December, 1833, 
Dr. Eliakim Crosby, in behalf of the people of Akron, published 
the following in the Ohio Review^, at Cuyahoga Falls, Akron 
having no ne'wspaper at that time : 

" To whom it may concern: 

"Should the Legislature of Ohio set off and organize a New Count}', at its 
present session, composed of townships from Portage, Medina, Stark and 
Wayne counties, establishing the seat of justice in Akron, or its vicinity, 
then in that case, I hereby agree and obligate myself to raise and appropri- 
ate, or secure to be given and appropriated, towards the New County 
Buildings, a sum not less than Two Thousand Dollars. 

"Akron, Dec. 14, 1833. E. CROSBY." 

It is proper to say, here, that at this time t^vo other projects 
were being agitated, and advocated with considerable earnestness, 
by the people of the localties interested; one, the project of remov- 
ing the county seat of Portage County from Ravenna to Franklin 
Mills (now Kent), which was supposed to be destined to become 


a large manufacturing city; the other to retain the regular county 
seat at Ravenna, with Cuyahoga Falls as a half-shire; that is, 
the business pertaining to the west part of the county to be trans- 
acted at Cuyahoga -Falls, and that fronj the east part at Ravenna, 
with perhaps an alternation of commissioners' meetings, court 
sessions, etc. For these reasons, not only the people of Ravenna 
and the eastern townships, vigorously opposed the new county 
movement, but Franklin Mills and Cuyahoga Falls, also, and when 
Dr. Crosby's proposition was left with the editor of the Review, 
the people of the latter village hastily prepared for publication, in 
the same issue, the following counter proposition: 

" To the Public : An effort being- made at this time to divide the county 
of Portage, and, from a part of this and the counties of Medina, Wayne and 
Stark, to form a new county, the seat of justice to be at Akron, and public 
notice having been given that if the Legislature of the State shall, at its 
present session, locate the seat of justice at that place, and in conformity 
with the terms therein offered, then that the signer, E. Crosby, will pay, or 
cause to be paid, two thousand dollars towards the new public buildings : 

"We, the undersigned inhabitants of Cuyahoga Falls, believing that 
said attempt to divide this county is premature and uncalled for by the best 
interests of the county, and believing further that if it should be determined 
to divide the county at this time, against which we hereby publicly protest, 
the best interests of this part of the county require that the county seat shall 
not be placed at Akron, but that other places would be more eligible, and 
that this place, from its location, its superior healthfulness, and the many 
natural advantages of its situation, offers peculiar advantages for the 
countj' seat, if such county shall be formed, do hereby pledge ourselves, 
that if the Legislature, at its present or next session, will locate the seat of 
justice of a new county, to be formed of such portions of the adjoining 
counties as to them shall seem proper, at this place, we will pay, or 
secure to be paid, the sum of FiVE Thousand Dollars towards building 
the new county buildings of said county. 

Henry Newberry, 

Joshua Stow, 

(By his agent B. Booth.) 

Ogden Wetmore." 

Nothing, how^ever, w^as accomplished at that, nor the five 
succeeding sessions of the Legislature, though continuous and 
and persistent efforts were made to work up a public sentiment 
in the territory interested, and to influence the members of the 
Legislature elected from time to time, in the counties named, to 
look favorably upon the proposition. 

Thus matters stood up to the Summer of 1839. Politically, 
Portage County was largely Whig, and as long as party lines were 
adhered to, that portion of the county opposed to division w^ere 
able to nominate and elect candidates for the Legislature inimical 
to the measure. But at the annual election in 1839, the Whigs of 
Akron, and the western townships, united with the Democrats of 
Portage County, and elected their candidates for Representative, 
Hon. Rufus P. Spalding, then practicing law at Ravenna, and Hon. 
Ephraim B. Hubbard, an enterprising farmer, of Deerfleld, both 
pledged to the New County project; Col. Simon Perkins having 
been in 1838, elected State Senator for two years. 


The Legislature convened on Monday, December 2, 1839, and, 
true to their pledges, Messrs. Spalding and Hubbard formulated a 
bill for the erection of the County of Summit, which was favor- 



ably reported by Hon. James Hoagland, of Holmes County, 
chairman of the Committee on New Counties, and read the first 
time on Tuesday, December 17, a full synopsis of the bill being as. 
f ollo'wrs : 

—born at West Tisburv, Island 
of Martha's Vineyard, Mass"., May 3, 
1798; educated in academies of 
Bridgewater, Mass., and Colchester. 
Conn., and at Yale College, graduat- 
ing- from latter in 1817 ; studied law 
with Chief Justice Zephaniah Swift, of 
Conn., to whose daughter, Lucretia 
A., he was married October 1, 1822. 
Soon after finishing his law studies, 
he emigrated to Ohio, practicing for 
several years in. Warren, then in 
Ravenna, and, on organization of 
Summit County, in 1840, moved to 
Akron, several years later going to 
Cleveland, where he resided until his 
death, August 29, 1886, at the age of 88 
years, 3 months, 23 days. In 1839, Mr. 
Spalding was elected representative 
to the Legislature, on the New County 
issue, and was largely influential in 
securing its erection ; was re-elected, 
by his new constituency, in 1841 and 
made Speaker of the House ; in 1848-9 
was appointed Judge of Supreme 
Court of Ohio, ably serving three 
years ; in 1862 was elected Represen- 
tative to Congress from the 18th dis- 
trict, and twice re-elected, ably 
serving six years. Mrs. Spalding 
dying February 21, 1858, Judge Spald- 
ing was again married, January 11, 
18o9, to Mrs. Nancy. Sargent, eldest 
daiighter of Dr. William S. Pierson, 
of Windsor, Conn. By the first Mrs. 
Spalding he had seven children — 


Emily, married to Judge Luther Dajv 
of Ravenna, both now deceased ; 
Philura C, the first wife of Mr. 
Joseph E. Wesener, of Akron ; Lucre- 
tia, died j'bung ; Rufus died at the 
age of 19 ; Kittie, now Mrs. Mcllrath,. 
of St. Paul, Minn. ; Zephaniah Swift, 
no'W a wealthy sugar grower in 
the Sandwich Islands ; and George, 
deceased. The second Mrs. Spalding 
is now also deceased. 

Section 1, provided that the to^wnships of Twinsburg^ 
Northfield, Boston, Hudson, Stow, Northampton, Portage, Tall- 
madge, Springfield and Coventry, in Portage County; Richfield, 
Bath, Copley and Norton, in Medina County, and Franklin and 
Green, in Stark County, be erected into a separate county, to be 
known by the name of Sumniit, and that, for the purpose of 
restoring to Medina County its constitutional limits, the town- 
ships of Homer and Spencer be transferred from Lorain to Medina. 

Secs. 2 AND 3, provided for the prosecution of suits already- 
commenced, in the several original counties; the collection of the 
taxes should proceed as if no change had taken place, and that 
justices of the peace, constables, etc., continue to act until the 
expiration of the terms for -which they were elected. 

Secs. 4 AND 5, provided for the election of county officers on 
the first Monday of April, 1840, to hold their respective offices until 
the ensuing annual election, and that the courts be held in Akron, 
until the permanent location of the seat of justice. 

Sec. 6, provided for the appointment of comimissioners to 
locate the county seat, said commissioners to be paid by said newr 



county; with authority "to receive propositions for the erection of 
county buildings by the citizens of such towns and villages as 
may desire to have the seat of justice established within their 
respective limits," and that "in no event shall any tax for the 
erection of county buildings for said County of Summit be 
imposed upon the citizens of the townships of Franklin and 
Green, which townships are taken from the county of Stark, for 
and during the term of fifty years, from and after the passage of 
this act." 

J —born at Swanzey, N. H., August 
17, 1805; at 18 months of age moved 
with parents to Pottsdam, N. Y. ; 
boyhood spent on farm ; educated at 
home, in schools of neighborhood, 
and at St. Lawrence Academy, at 
Pottsdain, teaching part of year, from 
17 to 20 ; in Winter of '25-26 taught in 
Franklin Co., New York ; 1826 to 1828 
taught in Canada, part of the time in 
Montreal ; then became assistant 
teacher in Amherst (Mass.) Academj' 
and during Summer of 1829 a teacher 
in Ladies' Seminary, at Springfield ; 
then entered Amherst College, but 
from failing health returned home, 
resuming teaching and j^et keeping 
up the studies of his college course. 
In June, 1832, came to Ohio, teaching 
in Cleveland, Massillon and Ravenna, 
being Principal of Ravenna Academy 
from 1833 to 1835 ; in Summer of 1«35 
worked on farm ; Maj^ 1, 1835, was 
married to Miss Frances C. Saltonstall 
of Geneva, N. Y. ; in November, 1835, 
went to Medina and for four years 
edited the Constitutionalist, a Whig 
and anti-slavery paper, at same time 
studj'ing law ; admitted to bar Maj' 29, 
18.38 ; in Fall of 1839 was elected Rep- 
resentative to Ohio Leg-islature, and 
in 1840 to the Senate, being the only 
avowed Abolitionist in either House, 
lighting valiantl}'^ for the rights of 
the colored people of Ohio in the 
schools and otherwise ; from 1840 to 
1850 was law-partner of the late 


Judge Samuel W. McClure ; in 1846 
removed to Akron and has practiced 
law here ever since, with the excep- 
tion of the five j^ears, from 1856 to 
1861, that he occupied the Common 
Pleas Bench. Judge Carpenter is 
the father of three children — Gilbert 
S., captain in reg'ular army, now on 
recruiting service in Cleveland ; Dr. 
William T. Carpenter, of Stambatigh, 
Mich., and Abbie L., now wife of 
Charles W. Tyler, Esq., of Warren, 

Our well-known fellow-citizen, Hon. James S. Carpenter, was 
then — 1838^0 — the representative of Medina County, and the 
senator from that district from 1840 to 1842, and, in accordance 
with the wishes of a majority of his constituents, opposed the 
measure, slicing off as it did, some of the very best townships of 
that county. For a like reason Representative Bliss and Senator 
Birch, of Lorain, and Representatives Smith and Welch, and 
Senator Hostetter, of Stark, also vigorously fought the project at 
every step, while the representatives and senators of other 
counties threatened \irith dismemberment, by new county projects, 
acted and voted with them. 

Prominent citizens of Ravenna and Medina were in attendance 
to lobby against the measure, while a number of Akron's foremost 
business men were sent to Columbus to -work for the project. 


The bill finallj' passed the House on the 6th of February, 1840, 
by the close vote of 34 to 31 — a majority of three only. The bill 
was read the first time in the Senate, February 7, and passed 
February 28, by a vote of 19 to 15, a majority of four; and was 
engrossed and signed by Thomas J. Buchanan, Speaker of the 
House, and William McLaughlin, Speaker of the Senate, March 3, 

Space will not permit a full detail of the artifices resorted to 
to defeat the measure, nor the skill -with which our representa- 
tives and senator engineered the bill through, though the follow- 
ing extracts from the House and Senate journals will suffice to show 
the persistence with which the project was fought throughout. 

In the House, December 21, the bill being taken up for 
consideration, on Mr. Spalding's motion, Mr. Welch moved to 
postpone until the second Tuesday of January, which was carried 
by a vote of 42 to 28. On the day named, the bill was taken up on 
Mr. Spalding's motion, when Mr. Welch moved to commit it to the 
Committee on New Counties, vs^ith instructions to report the 
number of petitioners for and remonstrants against the project, 
which was agreed to. January 17, the bill being under consider- 
ation, Mr. Welch moved to postpone further action until the first 
Monday of the following December, which was lost, 28 to 32, and 
the bill laid i^pon the table. January 27, Mr. Spalding moved to 
take the bill from the table which motion was lost, 25 to 30. 
February 6, Mr. Spalding moved to put the bill upon its final 
passage, which, after considerable delay, caused by Mr. Welch's 
demand for a call of the house, was done, and the bill passed, as 
asabove stated, 34 to 31. 

In the Senate February' 27, Mr. Hostetter moved to strike out 
the territory belonging to Stark County. Lost, 15 to 18. Mr. Xash 
of Meigs, moved to strike out the clause exempting Franklin and 
Green townships from taxation for public buildings for 50 years. 
Lost 14 to 19. February 28, on the third reading of the bill, Mr. 
Thomas, of Miami, moved to re-commit to Committee on New 
Counties with instructions to so amend as to strike out the part 
exempting Franklin and Green from taxation. Lost, 13 to 21. Mr. 
Hostetter moved to postpone the further consideration of the bill 
to the first Monday of December. Lost, 7 to 27. Mr. Birch, of 
Lorain, moved to refer to Judiciary Committee, with instructions 
to strike out the two Lorain townships. Lost, 9 to 25. Mr. 
Hostetter moved to amend so as to submit to voters of the pro- 
posed new county at the next October election. Lost, 10 to 24. 
The bill was then passed as above stated, 19 to 15. 

A joint resolution passed both Houses, without opposition, 
appointing Jacob J. Williard, of Columbiana County, James 
McConnell, of Holmes County, and Warren Sabin, of Clinton 
County, as commissioners to locate the seat of justice of the new 
county, as did also the organizing bill providing for the election 
of officers, the proper care of paupers, idiots and insane; the col- 
lection of taxes; giving to the new county its proportion of the 
government surplus revenue, $29,330; the time of holding courts; 
attaching Summit to the Third Judicial District, embracing the 
counties of Ashtabula, Trumbull and Portage, and to the 
Fifteenth Congressional District, embracing Cuyahoga, Portage, 
Medina and Lorain counties, etc. 


It will be remembered that the bill passed the Senate February 
28, which was on Friday, 1840 being leap year. It will also be rec- 
ollected that there was neither telegraphic nor railroad communi- 
cation between Akron and Columbus at that time, the old 
four-horse mail and passenger coach being the fastest mode of 
travel then in vogue, which at that season of the year, was not by 
any means fast. 

The news of the passage of the bill consequently did not 
reach Akron until Monday evening, March 2, three full days. 
The effect of the news upon the people of Akron was thus graphi- 
cally stated in one of the local papers: 

"With the rapidity of lightning the news was spread from 
house to house, and in less than half an hour the whole town was^ 
in motion. Cheers, congratulations, ringing of church bells, bon- 
fires and illuminations were the order of the -day, while the deep- 
toned thunder of the cannon continued to proclaim the birth of 
the new county to all the surrounding country. Such a spon- 
taneous burst of feeling has seldom been witnessed under any 
circumstance. It was a scene to be looked upon, but cannot be 
described; such a noise as the shrouds make at sea in a stiff tem- 
pest — as loud and to as many tunes. Hats, caps and cloaks flew 
up, and had their faces been loose this night had lost them." 

The recollection of the writer, looking backward through the 
dim vista of the intervening half century, is clear and distinct that 
throughout that entire night unrestrained jollity, if not absolute 
revelry, prevailed. 

Nor did the people of Akron confine the jollification business 
entirely to themselves. The booming of the cannon, the ringing 
of the bells and the reflection from the bonfires, had alreadj^ 
announced to contiguous townships that something extraordinary 
had happened, and many of the nearest came in to help us "make 
a night of it," \\rhile those more distant were in betimes next 

Steps "were immediately taken for a general Ne^v County Cele- 
bration on Wednesday, March 4. A committee of twelve citizens 
of Akron and one from each of the to^wnships, was appointed and 
messengers were sent to every part of the county to spread the 
joyful news, and invite everybody to the banquet. Dr. Jedediah D. 
Commins was made President of the day; Col. James W. Phillips,. 
Col. Justus Gale and Justice Jacob Brown, of Akron; Col. Frederick 
A. Sprague and Benjamin Rouse, of Richfield, and Col. Solomon 
Markham, of Green, Vice Presidents; Gen. Lucius V. Bierce, Mar- 
shal, and Col. Erastus Torrey and Major Ithiel Mills, Assistant 

At sunrise, on Wednesday morning, a national salute of 13 guns 
was fired from the summit of the "grove," between north and 
south Akron, the present Court House lot, w^hich was also the place 
selected for the celebration. At an early hour people from near 
and far townships began to assemble, everybody seeming jubilant 
and happy. The rhilitary display was very fine, indeed, partici- 
pated in by the Summit Guards, Akron Light Infantry and Cav- 
alry, Copley Light Artillery, the Military Band and the Akron 
Brass Band, under the leadership of the late Henry S. Abbey. 

The procession of several thousand men and boys, after march- 
ing through several streets, was joinsU by a large cortege of ladies 


dressed utiiformly, all carrying parasols, who, taking position 
between the committee of arrangements and the military, 
inarched the balance of the route to the place of feasting, the din- 
ner, though hastily prepared, being both abundant and palatable. 
Space will not permit a detailed report of the after-dinner pro- 
ceedings, consisting of the customary thirteen regular toasts, and 
a great variety of volunteer toasts, with responses more or las appro- 
priate, by the more tonguey of the jolliflers. The full text of the 
regular toasts, well illustrates the popular sentiment, and are here 
reproduced as follows: 

1. The Legislature of Ohio — They have at length done jus- 
tice to themselves and to us. Better late than never. 

2. Our Senators and Representativ-es — Many have done well, 
but these have excelled them all. 

3. The Countj' of Summit — An infant Hercules. Give him 
a wide berth, for he'll be a whopper! 

4. Our Struggle — Almost another Trojan siege! The pangs 
and throes it has cost our parents to bring us forth are a certain 
presage of future greatness. 

5. Akron — Look at her as she was, as she is and as she 

6. Our Young Countj- — The pride of our affections; unsur- 
passed in the elements of future greatness; already populous and 
wealthy. If such is its childhood, what will it be when it becomes 
a man? 

7. Portage, Stark and Medina — Among them they have 
hatched a young eagle, full-fledged and on the wiilg. She will soar 
above them all. 

8. The Buckej^e State — A germ of future empire, marching 
right ahead in the road of prosperity. She will not be turned aside 
from the high destiny that awaits her I 

9. Our Canals and Public Improvements — If such things 
be done in the green tree, what will be done in the dry? 

10. The Late Meeting at Ravenna — Malignity feeding on 
envy; daws pecking at eagles; a striking instance of folly reacting 
on itself ! 

11. The Memory of Gregory Powers — We mourn the untimely 
fate of this patriot, statesman and jurist. His memory will long 
be cherished in the County of Summit, his native and resting placet 

12. The Memorjr of George Washington — The greatest and 
best man ever produced in the tide of time. When nature formed 
him she broke the mold, that he might stand peerless and alone ! 

13. The Ladies of Summit — It is the summit of our ambi- 
tion to stand in the summit of their affections I 

Volunteer toasts similar in sentiment, and perhaps still more 
extravagant in language, were offered by Messrs. Benjamin Rouse, 
of Richfield; Gen. Samuel D.Harris, of Ravenna; JohnHunsberger, 
of Green; Julius A. Sumner, of Springfield, and Dr. Asa Field, Col. 
James W. Phillips, Robert K. DuBois, Dr. Jedediah D. Commins, 
Capt. Philo Chamberlin, Col. Erastus Torrey, Col. Justus Gale, Dr. 
Joseph Cole, Major Ithiel Mills, and Hiram Bowen, Esq., (Editor 
Beacon), of Akron. _ 

In the evening a large convival party took supper at the "Ohio 
Exchange," southwest corner of Main and Market streets, (present 
site of Woods' Block), winding up with a social dance, the utmost 



good feeling and hilarity prevailing throughout; a local paper say- 
ing: "The day was closed without accident, or other untoward 
circumstance to mar the festivities, amid bon-fires and every 
demonstration of joy. The 4th of March, 1840, will long be remem- 
bered in Akron!" 

HON. JOHN HOY,— born in Adams 
County, Pa., July i, 1797; com- 
mon school education; learned trade 
of stone and brick inason; December 
19, 1820, was married to Miss Eliza- 
beth Traxler; inoved to Ohio in 1821, 
settling in Manchester, then in Stark 
Co.; soon after settling- there was 
elected justice of the peace for Frank- 
lin township, holding the office 18 
years; on the organization of Summit 
County, in April, 1840, was elected 
Count}' Cominissioner, re-elected in 
October following, for two j^ears, and 
again in 1842 for three j^ears, serv- 
ing in all five" years and seven 
months; in April, 1847, was appointed 
by the Legislature one of the Asso- 
ciate Judges of Summit County, ably 
serving till the taking effect of the 
new State Constitution, in 1852; also 
served as land appraiser for four 
townships, and on the State Board of 
Equalization, and took an active 
interest in educational matters and 
the religious and benevolent enter- 
prises of the day. Judge and Mrs. 
Hoy were the parents of six daugh- 
ters and one son — Sophia, married'to 
Adam Sorric, (now deceased); Sabina, 
wife of Henrj^ Daili% (deceased); 
Lorohama, wife of Dr. William Sisler, 


(deceased); Amanda, now Mrs. Dr. 
Adam Sisler; Caroline Maria, now 
Mrs Samuel Gongwer; Anna, wife of 
Lewis Everhart, (deceased), and John 
F., now a resident of the city of 
Springfield, O. 

As provided b}^ law the county officers were chosen at the reg- 
ular Spring election, on the first Monday of April, to hold their 
respective positions until the annual election in the following 
October. The officers chosen at that time were: Commissioaers, 
John Hoy, of Franklin; Jonathan Starr, of Copley; and Augustus 
E. Foot, of Twinsburg; Auditor, Birdsey Booth, of Cuyahoga 
Falls; Treasurer, William O'Brien, of Hudson; Recorder, Alexan- 
der Johnston, of Green; Sheriff, Thomas Wilson, of Northfield; 
Prosecuting Attorney, George Kirkum, of Akron; Corozi er, Elisha 
Hinsdale, of Norton; Real Estate Appraiser, Frederick A. Sprague, 
of Richfield; Assistant Appraisers, Milo Stone, of Tallmadge and 
Thomas E. Jones, of Franklin, County Clerks at that time being 
appointees of the several Common Pleas Courts of the State, Court 
Judges in turn, being appointees of the Legislature; the office of 
Probate Judge not then being in existence. 

The officers elect assembled at the tavern of Charles P. McDon- 
ald, northeast corner of South Main and Exchange streets, (in the 
same building still standing there), on Thursday, April 9, 1840. 
Justice Jacob Brown administered the oath of office to Commis- 
sioners Hoy, Starr and Foote, who, in turn, administered a like 
oath to the several other officers, and on the due filing and accept- 
ance of the proper bonds, the organization was complete. 



At this meeting propositions were made for temporary quar- 
iers for county purposes, pending the erection of public buildings, 
as follows: the present Continental Hotel building, corner of 
Main and Exchange streets, by Jacob Brown, Esq.; the three-story 
brick building of Mr. Benjamin W. Stephens, on the present site 
of Merrill's Pottery, and the three-story stone block of Messrs. 
Chauncej' S. and Hiram Payne, on the southeast corner ofHo'ward 
and Market streets; the latter being accepted at a subsequent 
meeting of the commissioners. 

The large hall on the third floor was used for a court room, a 
small portion of the southeast corner being partitioned off for jail 
purposes; the several county officers occupying other rooms on 
the second and third floors of the building. 

qp HOM AS WILSON, - Summit Coun- 
^ ty's first Sheriff, was born in 
Pennsylvania, December 22, 1811 ; 
raised on farm, with common school 
education ; about 1830 moved with 
parents to Northfield, Ohio, walking- 
all the waj^, and driving- his mother's 
two favorite cows. He was married 
at BrandjTvine Mills, by Rev. Caleb 
Pitkin, of Hudson, to Miss Emeline 
H. Wallace, sister of the late James 
W. Wallace, December 20, 1838, who 
<iied October 7, 1840, ag-ed 26 years. 
At the preliminary election, in the 
organization of the new county of 
Summit, held on Monday, April 6, 
1840, Mr. Wilson was elected Sheriff, 
was re-elected in October, the same 
3-ear, and again in 1842, ably filling 
the office four years and seven 
months. On retiring from office Mr. 
Wilson was for several years engag- 
ed in the manufacture of mineral 
paint in Akron, about 1860 remov- 
ing to St. Louis, Mo., where he en- 
gaged in the real estate business, also 
having an interest in the Glencoe 
Rock Companj^ and furnishing the 
stone for some of the finest buildings 
in that city. June 15, 1857, Mr. Wilson 
married Miss Marie E. McArthur, of 
Akron; who bore him three children. 


one onl3' of whom is now living — ■ 
Ruth, now a music teacher in St. 
Louis and living with her mother. 
At the time of his death, June 19,^ 
1887, at the age of 75 years, 6 months 
and 7 days, Mr. Wilson w^as superin- 
tendent of " Memorial Home," a home 
for old gentlemen in St. Louis. 

At this time, it will be recollected, the seat of justice of the 
new county was only temporarily located at Akron, the perma- 
nent location of which was to be determined by the commissioners 
named in the joint resolution of the Legislature heretofore given; 
Akron; besides being pretty evenly divided between the North and 
South villages, having two formidable rivals in Cuyahoga Falls, 
four miles to the northward, and the then largely talked of " Summit 
City" (since known a« the "Chucktiry"), midway between. 

• -Messrs. Williard, McConnell and Sabin, the Locating Commis- 
sioners, entered upon the task assigned them on Tuesday, May 12r 
1840 occupying several days examining the several proposed sites 
for the location of the public buildings, hearing arguments in 
favor of each, receiving proposals for the donation of lands, con- 
struction of buildings, etc. The principal competitors for the 


prize were, as before stated, Akron, Cuyahoga Falls and Summit 
City — Akron, meantime, having so far harmonized her conflicting- 
local predilections as to agree upon a point midway between the 
two villages, should the commissioners deem it advisable to 
decide the matter in her favor. 

Each locality presented well secured pledges for the donation 
of lands and the construction of the county buildings free of cost 
to the tax-payers of the new county, and each, through its chosen 
spokesman — Hon. Elisha N. Sill, for Cuyahoga Falls, Dr. Edmund 
W. Crittenden, for Summit City, and Hon. Rufus P. Spalding, for 
Akron — presented arguments, accompanied by statistics in regard 
to business resources, healthfulness, accessibility, etc., of the 
several locations. 

Akron based its claim upon its location on the Ohio Canal,, 
the great artery of travel and commerce from Lake Erie to the- 
Ohio river on the south, and the just completed Pennsylvania and 
Ohio Canal, bringing it in direct communication -with Pittsburg- 
and Philadelphia, on the east, and upon its superb -water power, 
as -well as its ready accessibility from all parts of the county. 

Cuyahoga Falls claimed to be nearer the geographical center 
of the county, more eligibly located for the building up of a large- 
manufacturing city, and more healthful than the other points- 
named, -with inexhaustible -water-po-wer, and, -with the completion 
of the ne-w P. & O. canal, of equal acftess to the outer -world with 
Akron, and vastly superior to that of the intermiediate point 

Summit City's claim -was based upon its location nearly midway 
between its two bitterly hostile rivals; its high and salubrious terri- 
tory, and, above all, upon its mammoth hydraulic scheme then 
nearing completion, by -which the entire -waters of the Big 
Cuyahoga river, with nearly 200 feet fall, was to speedily build up 
at that point the largest manufacturing city in the Great West. 

After a thorough and pains-taking examination of the points- 
named, and a full consideration of the statistics and arguments 
presented, the commissioners unanimously decided that the 
interests of the people of the new county would, as a whole, best 
be subserved by locating their seat of justice at Akron, and 
accordingly, as the unanimous choice of Akron, the stakes for the 
county buildings were stuck upon the "gore," between the two 
villages, where they now stand, the land for that purpose being 
generously donated by Gen. Simon Perkins, of Warren, father 
of the late Col. Simon Perkins, of Akron. 

Though the bitter rivalry between North and South Akron for 
thebusiness ascendency had not, perhaps, entirely abated, the public , 
buildings having been located upon neutral ground, then about as 
unhandy to the one as the other, they so far stifled their animosi- 
ties, for the time being, as to unite in a wild jollification over the 
result, and to heartily co-operate with each other in raising funds- 
and materials with which to ferect the public buildings, which, it 
will be remembered, each of the three competitors had agreed 
should be done free of cost to the tax-p'ayers of the county. 

Hiram Bowen, Esq., the editor of the Beacon, in announcing 
the result, said: "The 'Gore' is situated midway between North 
and South Akron, and a more beautiful and commanding site can 
not be found for public buildings in the State. ' It is said that. 



almost every township in the county can be seen from the build- 
ings on this spot. Its location, as regards Akron, is auspicious — 
she is now one. There is now no North Akron, no South Akron, 
and our citizens will henceforth unite their common energies in 
developing the great natural resources for which Akron has become 
so justly celebrated." 

■'^ in Center Covint}% Pa., Novem- 
ber 7, 1808 ; coming with parents to 
Ohio, and settling- in Green town- 
ship in 1811; educated in common 
schools ; for many j'ears taught 
school ■winters, ^vorking on farm in 
summer; Summit County's first Re- 
corder, elected in April, 1810, re-elect- 
ed in October, of that year, for full 
term of three years ; in 1816 elected 
as Summit's Representative to State 
Legislature for two years, having 
also served his township for manj' 
years in the capacity of school ex- 
aminer, township clerk, justice of the 
peace, etc. March 14, 1850, Mr. 
Johnston was married to Miss Lovina 
Thurston, -who was born November 
8, 1821. They are the parents of three 
•children — Horace Greeley, survej^or 
and engineer, born April 15,1851, now 
living in Salina, Kansas ; Isaac 
Newton, born July 13, 1853, now living 
in Hinton, W. Va.; and Anna Maria, 
torn September 7, 1858, still at home 
■with parents. Residing on his finely 
cultivated 125 acre farm, in the east- 
ern portion of Green township, Mr. 
Johnston, novr in his 83d year, is one 
of the best preser^^ed and most intelli- 
gent representatives of pioneer life 
in Summit Countj'. Originally a 


Whig with strong anti-slavery pro- 
clivities, Mr. Johnson naturally, on its 
organization, attached himself to the 
Republican party, Avhich for over a 
third of a century has received his 
most zealous and unqualified sup- 

The committee on subscriptions to the building fund consisted 
■of Ansel Miller, Lewis Miller, Robert K. DuBois, Richard Howe, 
Benjamin W. Stephens, Leander L. Howard, Justus Gale, George 
P. Stephens, Simon Perkins, Jr., Jedediah D. Commins, Jacob 
J3ro-wn, Thomas P. May, Joseph Cole, Charles, P. McDonald, Ithiel 
Mills and Warren Clark. The subscriptions, amounting to $17,495, 
w^eremade payable to the County Commissioners, and the deed of 
the land having been received from Gen. Perkins, on the 14th of 
July, 1840, the commissioners, Messrs. John Hoy, Jonathan Starr 
and Augustus B. Foote, and the committee, in a written agreement, 
transferred, assigned, conveyed, set over and delivered to Simon 
Perkins, Jr., Jedediah D. Commins and Richard Howe, as trustees, 
the subscription aforesaid, "with power to collect the same, and "to 
make all such contracts and agreements as they shall judge nec- 
•essaryand proper, for the erection and completion of said buildings, 
and furnishing materials for the same, and generally to superin- 
tend and direct'in the expenditure of the moneys and property to 
be received on the subscriptions aforesaid." 

It was further stipulated in the agreement that the court 
house and jail were to be similar in construction, and equal in 
value, to those at Ravenna, to be fully completed and finished by 


the first day of July, 1843. The trustees acted promptly and after 
due notice for proposals, entered into contracts with Major Ithiel 
Mills, of Akron, for the erection of the court house, and with Mr. 
Sebbens Saxton, of Norton, for the building of the jail, both con- 
tractors at once commencing operations, the foundation, and several 
feet of the main walls of the former, and the massive foundation 
walls of the latter, being completed'before the setting in of Winter, 
the same Fall. 


The term of Senator Perkins having expired, Hon. Elisha N. 
Sill, of Cuyahoga Falls, was, as the candidate of the Whig party, 
elected as his successor, in the Portage-Summit District, in October, 
1840, Henry G. Weaver, a substantial farmer, of Springfield,, 
being at the same time elected Representative of the new county. 

Early in the session Mr. Sill introduced a bill for the appoint- 
ment of a commission to review, and, if in their judgment deemed 
necessary, to re-locate the seat of justice of Summit County, said 
commission consisting of Jacob C. Hoagland, of Highland County, 
Valentine Winters, of Montgomery County, and William Kendall^ 
of Scioto County. This bill w^as readily engineered through the 
Senate, by Mr. Sill, and though Mr. Weaver made a vigorous effort 
to defeat it in the House, Mr. Sill's influence with that body pre- 
vailed also, the bill having been passed and signed by Seabury 
Ford, Speaker of the House of Representatives, and by William 
M. McLaughlin, Speaker of the Senate, on March 25, 1841; and 
that, too, in the face of the fact that on a very thorough canvass 
of the county, 3,014 voters remonstrated against, "while but 2,376 
petitioned for, the opening of the vexed question, there being a 
majority of 638 in favor of the location already made. 

The revie-wing commissioners came upon the ground about 
the middle of May, 1841, and, after spending a day or two in exam- 
ining the several competing locations, on Thursday, May 20, held 
an all day meeting in the Universalist Church on North High 
street, in Akron, where, as before, arguments were made by 
Messrs. Sill, of the Falls, Crittenden of Summit City, and Spalding 
of Akron, in favor of their respective locations. This meeting was 
interesting and exciting in the extreme, the church being crowded 
to its utmost capacity' all day. 

The commissioners held a consultation at their room in the 
Ohio Exchange in the evening, and, after "sleeping over it," a final 
talk the next morning, when, to the astonishment of everybody, 
it was announced that a majority of the committee, Messrs.. 
Hoagland and Winters, had decided in favor of Summit City, Mr. 
Kendall being in favor of the original location. When, therefore^ 
the commissioners started out to formall}^ drive the stakes for the 
county buildings, a large crowd of indignant Akronians and 
delighted "Chuckery-ites" accompanied them to witness the 

To the great surprise of all, however, instead of going to the 
upper plateau, which sightly position had been proffered by the 
company, they proceeded to set their stakes on the first bench 
above the Little Cuyahoga river, at a point a short distance east 
of the present residence of Mr. R. A. Grimwood, on Glenword 
avenue. Expressions of disgust were both numerous and emphatic. 


the pretended "compromise," between the contending interests, 
pleasing nobodj'. The two active Commissioners, (Kendall 
standing aloof) were evidently sorely nettled at the pungent criti- 
cisms of the crowd, bluff old Dr. Daniel Upson, of Tallmadge, who 
sat in his buggy watching the operation, capping the climax by 
remarking, in his emphatic and incisive manner, that "nobodj^but 
fools or knaves wotald think of locating county buildings in such a 
place as that! " 

At this point, Messrs. Hoagland and Winters held a hurried 
consultation, at the close of which, they hastily pulled up the 
stakes they had driven, and loading them into their carriage drove 
direct to Cuyahoga Falls, where they proceeded to set the stakes 
upon the very handsome site no-wr occupied by the Congregational 
Church, on the south side of Broad street bet>veen Front and 
Second streets. 

As elsewhere stated. Summit County was made a part of the 
Third Judicial District, of which Hon. Van R. Humphrey was at 
that time the President Judge; while the Legislature, imme- 
diately after erecting the new county, had appointed as Associate 
Judges, Messrs. Robert K. DuBois, of Akron, Charles Sumner, of 
Middlebury, and Hugh R. Caldwell, of Franklin. 

As required by law, majority and minority reports were sub- 
mitted to the Court by the locating Commissioners, which were 
duly presented for record by Prosecuting Attorney George Kirkum. 
To this the County Commissioners, through counsel, objected, and 
after full argument, the court, on the 23d day of Ji^ly, 1841, made 
the following entry upon its journal: 

"In the matter of the review and relocation of the seat of justice for 
Summit Count}-, Jacob C. Hoagland and Valentine Winters, two of the Com- 
missioners appointed by the Legislature to review and locate the seat of 
justice of Summit County, having returned to the office of the Clerk of this 
Court their joint report, and William Kendall, the other Cominissioner, 
having- returned to the Clerk of this Court his separate report, this day 
George Kirkum, Esq., a citizen and Prosecuting- Attorney of said county, 
presented the same reports to the Court, and moved that the report of said 
Hoagland and Winters be filed and entered of record. Whereupon the Com- 
missioners of said County of Summit appear by their attornej- and object to 
the filing and entering of said reports of record, for various reasons by them 
set forth, and the parties were heard by counsel and the Court bein^- equally 
divided in opinion, it is ordered that the said George Kirkum, Esq., take 
nothing by his said motion." 

The Court being thus divided as to the legality of the proceed- 
ings which had been had, and the County Commissioners also 
being divided on the same sxibject, Commissioner Foote favoring 
the majority report, no further action was had in regard to the 
public buildings during that year; the several county officers 
meantime, assuming the prerogative of deciding, each for himself, 
where his office should be kept; Auditor Booth establishing his 
headquarters at Cuyahoga Falls, Treasurer O'Brien, also, having 
his main office in that village, though maintaining a branch office 
in the room which had been provided by the commissioners in 
Akron. This arrangement was very unsatisfactory and inconven- 
ient, but was patiently borne with in the hope that the next Leg- 
islature would straighten the tangle out. 

Senator Sill's incumbency, of course, continued through the 
session of 1841-42, Summit County being entitled to two represen- 



tatives, at this session. Politically, as before intimated, the new 
county was largely Whig, and through certain influences the 
executive committee of that party appointed its nominating con- 
vention at Cuyahoga Falls, notice of which failing to reach the 
remote southern townships in time, several of said townships were 
not represented in said convention; Capt. Amos Seward, of 
Tallmadge, and Harvey Whedon, Esq., of Hudson, being nomi- 
nated for Representatives. 

Feeling that this convention was being manipulated entirely 
in the interest of Cuyahoga Falls, the people of Akron, and those 
townships favorable to Akron as the county seat, called a non- 
partisan convention for about the same date, which convention 
nominated Hon. Rufus P Spalding (then a resident of Akron), and 
Col.- Simon Perkins, as its candidates for representatives, the 
former being a Democrat and the latter a Whig. This non-partisan 
convention also renominated Mr. Jonathan Starr, of Copley, for 
commissioner, his opponent on the Whig ticket being Asaph 
Whittlesey, Esq., of Tallmadge. : 

The canvass was short but spirited, and proved to be a decided 
victory for Akron, the vote standing: Perkins, 2,133; Spalding, 
2,005; Seward, 909; Whedon, 950; Starr, 2,178; Whittlesey, 959. 

On the assembling of the Legislature, in December, 1841, 
Messrs. Spalding and Perkins introduced a bill to submit the ques- 
tion of location to the voters of the county on the first Monday of 
April, 1842. The opposition to the bill in the House was much less 
stubborn than against the original bill, but in the Senate, through 
the efforts and influence of Mr. Sill, the vote was substantially the 
same, standing 45 yeas to 19 nays in the House, and 20 yeas to 16 
nays in the Senate; the bill being signed March 2, 1842, by Rufus 
P. Spalding, Speaker of the House of Representatives, and James 
J. Farran, Speaker of the Senate. 

Some lively campaigning was done by both parties during 
the intervening month between the final passage of the bill and 
the election, and it may safely be said that a full vote was polled, 
■with the follow^ing result: 































Coplev '. 
































Stow ' 







1 101 




Akron's total vote 2 978 

Cuyahoga Falls' total vote .....................'. 1,384 

Akron's plui-alitj- 1 594 

Sunimii^ity, etc.. ............ 125 

Akron over all i 4(39 

Summit Countv Court House, erected 1840 — 1813— Remodeled and Winjjs 
added in 1867. 

This emphatic vote definitely settled the question as to loca- 
tion, and the erection of the county buildings was proceeded with, 
though by reason of the protracted delay, they were not completed 
until several months after the time stipulated in the contract as 
above set forth, as will be seen by the following extract from the 
record of the County Commissioners: 

" December 5th, 1843. Simon Perkins, Jr., Jedediah D. Commins and 
Richard Howe, the trustees for building the court house and jail, and Ithiel 
?Iills, the court house contractor, submitted the court house for inspection 
of the board and for their acceptance. 

"December 6th. Having- examined the court house the board proposed, 
a.'* an offset to the general bad character of the work, which the building 
trustees full)- admitted, to accept it, if the windows were made to work freel)^ 
up and down, the doors better hung or fastened and provided with more 
suitable latches and locks, and the windows in the Auditor's, Clerk's and 
Recorder's offices secured by iron blinds or shutters made and fitted into 

Though the ceiling has been raised and modernized, the court 
room remains substantially the same as originally built, though a 
flight of stairs leading' from the lower hall to the two small rooms 
in the rear of the Judge's seat, on the east end, has been dispensed 
with. On the lower floor the space on the" north side of the hall, 
now entirely occupied by the treasury, was divided into three 


rooms — Sheriff's office pn the east, Treasurer's office in the center 
and Grand Jury room on the west, while upon the south side of 
the hall was the Probate office upon the east, with the Auditor, 
Clerk and Recorder in the order named upon the west. 

A special act was passed March 29, 1867, authorizing the County 
Commissioners to make certain greatly needed improvements to 
the court house edifice without submitting the question to a vote 
of the people. Under this act the two wings upon the front or 
west end were erected, and the other changes alluded to made, the 
cost of which was paid out of the general fund as collected from 
the taxpayers of the entire county, notwithstanding the inhibition 
clause of the original new county act in regard to the taxing of Frank- 
lin and Green for county building purposes for the period of 50 
years, that provision having been entirely lost sight of, both by the 
officials and the tax-payers of those twx) townships, themselves. 

No one, how^ever, regrets the expenditure, the improvements 
being very greatly needed, the wing upon the south providing 
fairly respectable offices for the Probate Judge belo^sv and the 
Clerk of the Courts above, and that upon the north for the Recorder 
on the ground'floor, and the Jury room above; though the structure 
is still very inadequate to the constantly growing necessities of the 
public service, and the people of Summit County cannot better 
subserve their own interests than by taking immediate measures 
for the erection, upon their present sightly and beautiful grounds, 
a ne-w court house not only commensurate w^ith the public require- 
ments, but one, also, that, in point of architectural design and 
adornment, shall be in keeping with the proverbial good taste of 
its enterprising and public spirited citizens. 

The contractor on the jail, Mr. Sebbins Saxton, dying in August, 
1841, pending the controversy over the location of the county-seat, 
on the final settlement of the " vexed question," the trustees, Messrs. 
Perkins, Commins and Howe, on the 13th day of April, 1842, adver- 
tised in the Beacon for proposals for the erection and completion 
of the jail, a new contract being finally entered into -with Mr. 
Harvey Saxton, a younger brother of the former contractor. 

The jail was accepted by the Conamissioners about the first of 
October, 1843, and the prisoners then in custody — four in number 
— Avere immediately transferred from their comparativelj^ unsafe 
quarters in the third story of the old stone block, to the supposed 
to be impregnable and perfectl}- secure quarters in the xievv' stone 
jail, on Wednesday, October 3, 1843. Yet, notwithstanding its 
presumable "non-break-out-abilitj^," the very next night, those 
same four prisoners liberated themselves from "durance vile" with 
perfect ease in the following ingenious manner: One of them, by 
the name of Garner Miller, charged with "tinkering with the cur- 
rency," was a machinist by trade, and perfectly understood the 
principle and power of leverage and purchase. He was not long, 
therefore, in devising a plan for testing that power, and his own 
skill upon the walls of the new jail. The beds of the prisoners 
were composed of a frame work of strips of about 2x6 whitewood 
plank, with canvas nailed across them. The side rails of the bunks- 
were' just about as long as the space between the outer and the 
inner walls. Using one of these bed rails horizontally as a lever, 
and another as a pry, with the inner wall as the fulcrum, the 
united strength of the four men readily pushed one of the huge 


blocks of sand-Stone entirely out of the massive wall, thus demon- 
strating that at least one important point of strength in the 
construction of the new bastile had been entirely overlooked, viz.: 
the anchoring of the several courses of stone as they were laid. 

This defect was remedied, in part, by drilling obliquely from 
near the upper edge of each stone, into about the middle of the 
tier below, inserting iron dowels, and filling the orifice with 
cement. No escapes from that cause have since been made, 
though many nearlj^ successful attempts have been made to dig 
through the soft sand-stone of which the walls are composed. 
Several escapes have been effected, however, through the soft-iron 
window gratings and otherwise, though that "danger has been par- 
tially obviated by the addition of inside steel window gratings, 
and by boiler plating the walls, but the fact remains that the jail 
is, as it has been so often declared to be by the Grand Jur5^, a 
nuisance — inconvenient and insalubrious to both jailor and pris- 
oner — which should at once be abated by the erection of a building 
not only creditable to the intelligence and ability of the people of 
the county, but also in accord with the advanced humanitarian 
and reformatory status of the age. 


In the autumn of 1843, Ex-President John Quincy Adams, 
"The Old Man Eloquent," -was invited to deliver an address on the 
occasion of laying the corner stone of the Cincinnati Astronomical 
Observatory — the first of its kind on this continent. Being prior 
to the advent of railroads in the West, Mr. Adams traveled exclu- 
sively by those ancient "fast" modes of conveyance — the stage- 
coach, the canal packet and the steamboat, making brief calls, and 
receiving enthusiastic ovations at prominent points along the 

Learning that it was his intention to visit Ohio's then most 
distinguished statesman, Hon. Joshua R. Giddings, at his home in 
Ashtabula County, a delegation was sent to Jefferson to invite Mr. 
Adams to visit Akron, bijt stress of weather on Lake Erie 
prevented him from calling upon his warm personal friend and 
anti-slavery colleague in Congress, as he had designed to do, and 
the committee returned home vs^ithout seeing him. 

Early in the morning of Thursday, November 2, 1843, word was 
received that Mr. Adams was coming up the canal, en route to 
Columbus. The committee were hastily convened, who procured 
a carriage, met the distinguished visitor at Lock Twenty-one, and 
escorted him to a hotel. As he could only remain while the boat 
was passing through the locks, bells were rung and messengers 
were sent from house to house, notifying the people that a recep- 
tion would be tendered to Mr. Adams at half past eight o'clock. 
As short as the notice was, the new court room was crowded to its 
utmost capacity, by men, women, children and babies. 

The distinguished visitor, on appearing in the Judge's desk, 
by the rear entrance, was greeted by an immense shower of 
enthusiastic cheers from the men and the waiving of handker- 
chiefs from the women. Mayor Harvey H. Johnson, made a brief 
and fitting address of welcome, the response of Mr. Adams, though 
occupying only about twenty minutes, giving quite a comprehen- 



sive review of the history and progress of our whole nation, and 
of his surprise at, and admiration of, the evidences of enterprise and 
prosperity "which met him at every step of his initial visit to the 
great West, saying among other things equally happy: " It seems 
as though a person in this Western country was witnessing a new 
creation — a ne"w world rising from discord and chaos to order, 
happinsss and virtue! What will this country be in half a century 
from this time? Cherish this spirit of improvement which has 
made it what it is — apply your mighty energies to the work, — 
invoke the aid, encouragement and protection of your country in 
3'our enterprise, and may God speed you." 

Mr. Adams' remarks were frequently interrupted by enthusias- 
tic applause, and at the close he stepped forward and took each one 
by the hand, gallantly and graciously kissing each of the ladies 
and all of the the babies in attendance. 

It was truly a fitting dedication of the new court house, which 
had not as yet been formally accepted by the County Commis- 


The aggregate territory of the county remains the same as in 
1840, though there have been some changes in the arrangement of 
the townships, there being now eighteen instead of sixteen as 
originally. In March, 1851, the township of Cuyahoga Falls was 
erected by the County Commisssoners, out of portions of the four 
original townships of Stow, Tallmadge, Portage and Northampton, 
being on the average, about two miles square. In like manner the 
township of Middlebury was erected in March, 1857, out of portions 
of Tallmadge, Springfield, Portage and Coventry, and though 
subsequently annexed to the city of Akron, as its Sixth Ward, it 
retained its distinctive township features to the extent of having 
one justice of the peace and one constable, until the erection of the 
new township of Akron, by special act of the Legislature, in March, 
1888, when, the latter being co-extensive with the city, the former 
became merged therein. The township of Akron is entitled to three 
justices of ihe peace and three constsbles, only, the other govern- 
mental functions of the tovsrnship devolving upon the officers of the 
city, the law providing for the appointment, by the city council, of an 
Infirmary director to take the place of the township trustees in 
looking after the township and city poor. 




WHKN the writer first came to Akron, in 1835, the pubhc schools of 
the village were under the jurisdiction of the township author- 
ities, Portage township then being divided into seven school dis- 
tricts. It was the fortune of the w^riter to teach the school in 
district number seven, in the Winter of 1835-6. The school house, 
about 16x18 feet in size, w^as built of logs, with a huge stone fire- 
place at one end, surmounted by a stick and mud chimney; plain 
board desks running lengthwise around the sides of the room, with 
slab benches for the older scholars, and an inner circle of lo-wer 
board seats for the smaller ones. The house w^as situated on the 
northwest corner of Medina and Portage roads (opposite the north- 
east corner of the present Infirmary farm), and the "deestrict"^ 
extended from Old Portage on the north, to, and including, the 
Perkins homestead on the south, and from, and including, the 
McGuire farm upon the w^est, to the Ohio Canal upon the east, 
embracing, as will be seen, quite a large slice of the western por- 
tion of the present City of Akron. 

Then, as no-w, teachers of public schools had to be examinedr 
and provide themselves -with certificates, to enable the trustees to 
draw their proportion of the school fund, but, unlike the present 
usage, in addition to the half or quarter yearly examinations, the 
president of the board was authorized to make examinations and 
issue certificates during vacation, as occasion might require. 

Akron was then a dependency of Portage County, the presi- 
dent of the board of examiners being, at that time, Darius Lyman, 
Esq., a prominent lawyer of Ravenna. Riding on horseback, via 
Middlebury, Old Forge, Cuyahoga Falls, Stow Corners and Frank- 
lin Mills (Kent), 18 miles to Ravenna, on a cold December Saturday 
afternoon, I reached the house of Mr. Lyman, a short distance east 
of the public square, just as the family was retiring from the sup- 
per table. Making known my errand, Mr. Lyman turned to his 
law-student, Frederick Hudson, a young man about my own age, 
and with whom I had a slight acquaintance, and said: "Fred, you 
take Mr. Lane into the office and examine him while I go to the 
barn and do the chores." 

Repairing to the office, after a few preliminary questions as to 
where I was going to teach, size of school, etc., Fred shoved a la^v 
book across the table, requesting me to read a few sentences, which 
I accordingly did. Then handing me a sheet of paper and a stubbed 



goose quill pen, he asked me to write a line or two, and I "writ." 
Next a sum in simple interest, and a problem in the "Rule of 
Three" were submitted which were duly wrought out. 

"That'll do," said my examiner. "What!" I exclaimed, "don't 
you examine in geography, grammar, etc.?" "No," said Fred, "the 
law only requires a knowledge of reading, writing and arithmetic — 
the three R's you know — and in all of those you've done first-rate." 

President Lyman soon coming in, was informed by Fred that I 
■was " O. K." and a certificate for one year, w^as duly executed, and, 
paying the customary fee of 75 cents therefor, I wended my way 
back to Akron, in the face of a blinding snow storm, rejoicing at 
having slipped through the dreaded examination-mill so easily. 
Ho-wr some of the modern aspirants for pedagogic honors, in con- 
templation of the intricate mathematical problems, grammatical 
conundrums and geographical, historical, and other puzzle's which 
■will be fired at them, -will envy me. 

My stipulated salary was $11.00 per month and " board around," 
some tenor twelve families thus sharing the "honor" of providing 
the " school master" with fresh pork, sausage and buckwheat cakes 
during the -winter. The average attendance -was about 30, ranging 
from 6 to 21 years of age. Every house -where I boarded but one, 
■was of the log cabin variety; in one, my bed being in the loft, 
reached by a ladder, and through the long oak shingles of which, 
on stormy nights, the snow -would sift liberally do^wn upon the 
coverlet. The house -where I boarded the longest, had two rooms; 
one kitchen, dining room, parlor and bed room, combined, the high 
bed in the corner being occupied by the old folks, and the trundle- 
bed, beneath, by the two younger children; the other room con- 
taining two beds, one of which was occupied by the "Master" and 
a twelve-year-old boy, and the other by the three older girls of the 
family, -with a linen sheet suspended mid^way bet-ween the two beds! 

As prolific as -were many of those early families, the enumer- 
ated youth of the district, of school age, -warranted the dra-wing of 
less than half the amount of public money needed to pay the 
teacher's salary, as meager as it -was; consequently a roll of 
attendance had. to be kept, even to the half days, and the deficit 
assessed, pro rata, and collected from the parents, a task which 
proved so irksome to the acting director, the late Sidney Stocking, 
that he finally gave up the job in disgust, paying the last ten 
dollars out of his o-wn pocket. 


Besides this and other outside schools, in the Ayres settlement, 
the Sherbondy neighborhood, the Spicer settlement, the Old Forge, 
etc., North and South Akron were each separate school districts, a 
small frame school house standing on the northeast corner of 
Middlebury street and Broadway, afterwards replaced by a one- 
story stone building, which is still standing. 

That school house, a cut of -which, from memory, is here 
given, was the only place for holding public meetings — religious, 
political, literary or otherwise, the first number of Akron's first 
newspaper — the Weeklx Post — issued March 22, 1836, announcing 
that "The Akron Lyceum and Library Association will meet at', 
the School House in South Akron, on Friday next, at 6 o'clock 



P. M., to discuss the question: 
' Ought the right of suffrage to 
be extended to foreigners?'" 
and the further announcement 
that "the electors of Portage 
tew n ship will meet at the 
School House in South Akron, 
on Thursday, the 31st inst., at 
7 o'clock, for the purpose of 
nominating candidates to be 
supported at the ensuing elec- 
tion;" and a few weeks later 
this: "A meeting of the mem- 
bers of the Akron and Middle- 
bury Baptist Church and Society will be held at the School House, 
in South Akron, on Wednesday, June 16, at 4 o'clock p. m., for 
the purpose of organizing under their charter;" and also this: 
"The citizens of Akron and vicinity are earnestly requested to 
meet at the School House, in South Akron, on Saturday evening at 
7 o'clock precisely, for the purpose of ascertaining the public 
feeling in this place with regard to constructing a Railroad from 
Akron to Richmond, on Grand river in Geauga County." 

In North Akron there was then no public school house, such 
brief terms as were taught being dependent upon such hired rooms, 
in private houses or stores, as could be procured, though there was 
'erected in 1835, back of where the Congregational Church now 
stands, a small house for a select school, but by whom built, or by 
whom the school was taught, is not now remembered. 

In this house, also, religious, political, literary and other meet- 
ings were held, until the completion of the Congregational, 
Methodist, Baptist and Universalist churches, and the halls in the 
old stone building, in North Akron, May's building in South Akron, 
and Stephens' building, between the two villages, -were completed 
in 1836-7. 

Of the earlier public teachers, the writer has no definite 
recollection, but the proportion of public money for the payment of 
teachers was then so meager, and the term so short and uncertain, 
that many parents preferred to send their children entirely to 
select schools, -which were quite numerous about those days. 
Among those recalled, who taught for shorter or longer periods, 
w^ere Miss Sarah Carpender, sister of Dr. John G. Carpender, of 315 
Bo^wery street, after\(rards married to Mr. John S. Harvey, one of 
North Akron's pioneer merchants; Miss Amanda Blodgett, sister 
of the late Mrs. A. R. Townsend, and later the wife of the late Dr. 
William P. Cushman; and our present well preserved 80-year-old 
fellow citizen, . Nahum Fay, Esq!; Mr. Fay teaching the North' 
Akron district school for five successive Winters — 1836-7 and 1837-8 
in a store-room in Lewis P. Buckley's building, -where the post- 
office now stands; 1838-9 in a store room belonging to Elisha N. 
Bangs, where the Allen block now stands, and 1839-40 and 1840-41 
in the new school house, below referred to, on South High street; 
his sister-in-law, Miss Emily Cummings, teaching in the lower 
story of the same house; the first Mrs. Fay also at one time teach- 
ing a small public school in a rented room on West Hill, near the 
present residence of Dr. John W. Lyder. Advertisements of other 
select schools are found in the newspapers of the period, as follows: 



May 20, 1836, "M. and A. C. Joyce respectfully inform the 
inhabitants of Akron, and vicinity, that they have opened a school 
in South Akron, ^w^here they "will instruct a fe"w young ladies in 
Arithmetic, Orthography, History, Composition, Natural Phi- 
losophy, 'Astronomy, Botany, Rhetoric, Chemistry, Drawing in 
Crayon, Mezzotinto, Ir'encil, India Ink, Japaning, Flower Painting,, 
etc. Terms made known on application. Those wishing to attend 
to Reading, Writing, Geography, Grammar, etc., $3 per quarter." 

NAHUM FAY,— born in Reading-, 
Vt, July 26, 1811; common 
school and academic education ; rais- 
ed on farm ; from 18 years of age 
taught fe'chool six consecutive win- 
ters ; then entered employ of map 
publishing firm of Lewis Robinson 
& Co., as salesman and copper-plate 
printer ; in July, 1836, came to Akron 
where the company established a 
map manufactory, working- for com- 
pany Suminers and teaching school 
Winters, for six years ; in October, 
1843, was elected County Recorder, 
and re-elected in 1846, holding the 
office six years ; served as Deputj' 
County Treasurer, under the respec- 
tive terms of Treasurers William H. 
Dewey, Frederic Wadsworth and 
Chester W. Rice, from 1849 to 185.5; 
afterwards grain buyer for several 
years ; Akron Village Recorder 1842, 
'43, '47 ; Township Clerk 1844, '45, '46, 
'47 ; Village Councilinau 1844 ; Town- 
ship Assessor of personal property 
1847, '51, '52, '54, '61, '62, '64, also several 
times assessor of real estate, school 
enumerator, etc.; in 1860 commenced 
the manufacture of cordag-e, twine, 
etc., bjr hand machinery, supplying 
the local inarkets with that class of 

foods for more than twenty years, 
n 1837 Mr. Fay waS married to Miss 
Lucia Ctimings, of Windsor County, 


Vt., who bore him two children — 
Henry C. M. (deceased) and Emma 
v., wife of James W. Chamberlain, 
superintendent of the Webster, Camp 
& Lane Machine Co., of Akron. Mrs. 
Fay dying October 23, 1882, Mr. Fay 
was again married, to Mrs. Marj^ E.. 
Wright, September 16, 1883. 

July 27, 1836, "Mrs. Susan E. Dodge announces that on thelst 
day of August, she will open a school on the corner of Main and 
"Exchange streets, for Young Ladies and Misses, in -which the 
following branches will be taught: Reading, Writing and Spelling, 
$2.50; Grammar, Geography and Arithmetic, $3.50; Rhetoric,. 
Philosophy, Botany, Map-drawing and Needle--work, $5.00: Paint- 
ing (water colors) 24 lessons, $5.00, Landscape Painting, $5.00. 
Term eleven -weeks." ' 

January 2, 1837, Miss B. M. Ha-wkins, under the heading,, 
"Akron High School," gives notice that she "-will continue her 
school, over the room of M. C. and A. R. To-wnsend, in North 
Akron, during the Winter term of twelve weeks. Tuition: Ortho- 
graphy, Writing, Grammar, and Geography, $2.50; History, 
Arithmetic, Rhetoric and Composition, $3 . 00; Geometry, Chemistry,. 
Botany, Intellectual Philosophy, Natural Philosophy, Natural 
Theology, $4.00; French Painting, $5.00." 

In the Spring of 1837, Mr. S. L. Sawtell, an eastern college 
graduate, opened a select school in Stephens' block (present site of 



Merrill's pottery) giving such satisfaction, that on the 15th of 
November, the "Winter term of the Akron High School," with Mr. 
Sawtell as instructor, is announced, — the price of tuition for a 
term of 11 weeks, ranging from $3.00 to $.5.00. 

P)R. JOSEPH COLE, — born iii 
-L^ Wiufield, Herkimer Comity, X. 
Y., Septeinber 17, 1795 ; served in the 
war of 1812, 60 days at Sackett's Har- 
bor in 181-1 ; graduated at Fairfield 
Medical CoUeg-e, February 16, 182.1 ; 
located at Old Portage, Ohio, in 
Spring- of 1826, at once attaining a 
large practice; December 25, 1826, 
was married to Miss Charlotte Dewev, 
formerlj' of Westfield, Mass., in 
Spring of 1827 reinoved to Akron, 
where he enjo5-ed a lucrative prac- 
tice, and the public esteem and con- 
fidence until his death, October 28, 
1861, aged 66 years, 1 month and 11 
days. Dr. Cole was among the 
earliest Temperance advocates in 
Ohio, a bitter foe to human slavery 
and a most zealous friend of educa- 
tion, largely aiding- in the formula- 
tion of the Akron School Law, and 
serving upon the first Board of 
Education, elected under said law, in 
1847. Mrs. Cole survived her hus- 
band nearljr a quarter of a century, 
dying August 1, 1886, aged 85 years, 5 
months. Thej^ were the parents of 
seven children — Josejih Keep, born 
April 7, 1828, died July 4, 1829; 
Harriet F., born November 24, 1830, 
married to Dr. A. H. Agard, October 
10, 1849, died November 14, 1854, leav- 
ing one child, now Mrs. Helen L. 
Epler, of Saratoga Springs, N. Y. ; 
Amanda L., born December 28, 1831, 
died Jul}- 7, 18.00 ; Alvin, born Jul}^ 


18, 1834, died November 1,5, 1834; in- 
fant son born September lS3o, died 
September 19, 1835; Ben. Franklin, 
born September 19, 1836, died Jan- 
uary 29, 18.39; Harrison Dewey 
born June 19, 1840, inarried to 
Hai-riet A. Farnam, November 24, 
1864, died April 25, 1876, leaving two 
children — Harrison D. and F'annj' F., 
both now living- with their mother, 
603 South High street. 

This seems to have been a regularly organized institution, 
but whether chartered or not is not remembered, and the manage- 
ment seems to have included gentlemen from several neighboring 
townships in both Portage and Medina counties (Summit not 
having yet been erected), the officers named in the advertisement 
being as follo-ws: Jedediah D. Commins, (Akron), President; 
Jonathan Starr, (Copley), Vice President; Simon Perkins, (Portage), 
Treasurer; Horace K. Smith, (Akron), Secretarj^; John Codding,. 
(Granger), Erastus Torrey, Eliakim Crosby, Gibbons J. Acklej', 
Justus Gale, Samuel A. Wheeler and Joseph Cole, (Akron), Roan 
Clark, (Middlebury), Lewis Hammond, (Bath), Allen Pardee, 
(Wadsworth), and Henry Van Hyning, (Norton), Trustees. 

But notwithstanding this solid backing, and notwithstanding 
the acknowledged ability of Mr. Sawtell, the attendance was so 
meager that, as an inducement to increase of pupilage, the Spring 
and Summer term, of 22 weeks, in 1838, without increased paj', was 
offered, Mr. Sawtell seeking, at the same time, to create an interest 
in his school, and the cause of education generally, as well as to 
piece out his income, by the publication of the " Pestalozzian," 



which had an existence of six months only, both his paper and 
his school being discontinued in the Fall of 1838. 

In the American Balance of December 27, 1837, is an 
announcement that "on January 3, 1838, a select school will be 
opened on the corner of Middlebury and High streets. South Akron, 
under the superintendence of Miss M. E. Hubble, of New York, 
where pupils will receive instruction in all branches usually 
taught in our Eastern Female Seminaries. Terms per quarter (11 
weeks) from $3.00 to $5.00 according to studies pursued, and for 
music, $8.00, including use of piano." 

JUDGE JAMES R. FORD,— born in 
J Herkimer Co., N. Y., January 28, 
1797. His earlier j'ears were spent in 
Pittafield, Mass., coming- to Paines- 
ville, Ohio, about the year 1817. Here 
he resided about 17 years, filling- 
many positions of trust and honor, 
-when he removed to Huron County, 
and froin thence, about 1837 to Akron, 
•when, with others under the firm 
name of The Akron Manufacturing- 
Companj', a larg-e foundry and stove 
business was carried on, on what is 
known as the old ^tna Furnace site, 
opposite Lock Eleven, Ohio Canal. 
In June, 1845, Mr. Ford was appointed 
by Gov. Bartle)^, Associate Judge of 
the Court of Common Pleas Court, 
for Summit County, which office he 
acceptably filled until failing health 
compelled his resignation in 1849. 
April 27, 1826, Judge Ford was mar- 
ried to Miss Julia A. Tod, daughter 
of Judge George Tod, of Youngstown, 
who bore him seven children — Sarah 
T. (now Mrs. Peck, of Youngstown), 
James H., deceased ; Marj' M. died in 
infanc5' ; Hobart, deceased ; Julia A., 
wife of Judge William H. Upson, of 


Akron; George Tod Ford, of Akron ; 
and Elizabeth A., now Mrs. John F. 
Earl, of New York. Judge Ford died, 
Januarj' 2, 1851, ag-ed 53 years 11 
months and 4 days, Mrs. Ford dying 
January 19, 1885, ag-ed 77 j'ears, 11 
months and 13 daj^s. 

The growth of the public school system was slo-vv for the next 
six or eight years, because of the disproportion of Akron's quota of 
the State school fund, to the number of children to be educated, 
though, in about 1839, a fair sized school house had been erected in 
Noi-th Akron, on High street, immediately south of the present 
Congregational Church (still standing there), with a room in the 
basement in -which the younger scholars -were taught; a small 
additional building, afterwards known as the "Bell" school house, 
on South High street, being used for a second school in South 
Akron. But owing to the fact that each parent was required to 
pay his pro rata proportion of the teacher's salary, over and above 
the amount received from the State, very many of the youths of 
the village were not kept in school, the average attendance, in 
1845, being scarcely more than 350 out of a total enumeration 
of 690. 

Yet, besides those mentioned in the "High School" advertise- 
ment, above quoted, many other citizens, of both villages, were 
deeply interested in the cause of education, among whom were 
Constant Bryan, Esq., Capt. Richard Howe, Gen. Lucius V. Bierce, 
Webster B. Storer, Ansel Miller, Horace K. Smith, William H. 



Dewey, William M. Dodge, Harvey B. Spelman, Allen Hibbard, 
Henry W. King, Sidney Edgerton, Hon. James R. Ford, Tames 
Matthews, James S. Carpenter, Dr. Edwin Angel, Dr. Elias W 
Howard, etc. 

J of Elijah Bryan (a soldier of the 
Revolution for six years) and Content 
Baldwin Fowler ; born in Delaware 
Co., N. Y., September 6, 1809; raised 
on farm ; common school education ; 
16 to 19 taught school ; read law in 
Bainbridge, N. Y., graduating- from 
X,aw Department of Yale College in 
1830; came to Akron in 1833; admit- 
ted to bar in Columbus, in 1834, 
opening an office in Akron, later for 
two or three years having Hon. 
George Bliss for partner ; originally 
a Democrat, in 1836-37, published and 
edited the Akron Journal, a Demo- 
cratic paper; was Akron's first vil- 
lage Recorder, in 1836 ; was active in 
formulating the Akron school law, 
1846, and an efficient member of 
School Board thereunder ; early es- 
pousing the cause of Freesoilisni, in 
1852 was elected Probate Judge by a 
Democratic and Free-soil coalition, 
serving two j^ears. May 15, 1839, he 
was married to Miss Sophia Den- 
nison, of Hartland, Vt., who bore him 
three children, one of whom, only, is 
living— Henry E., for manjr years 
past Clerk of the City of Columbus. 
Mrs. Bryan dying, March 27, 1847, at 
the age of 29 years, 10 months and 8 
<ia5-s, J udge Bryan was agaiH married 


in September, 18.54, to Miss Susan L. 
Barnum, of Florence, Huron Co., O., 
who bore him two sons — Fred C, 
now practicing- law in Akron, and 
Isaac Jennings, now engaged in 
newspaper work in Chicago. Judge 
Bryan died July 27, 1886, aged '76 
years, 10 months and 21 da3'S. 

Early in 1844, Mr. Thomas Parnell Beach, a graduate of 
Bowdoin College, at Brunswick, Maine, established a high school 
in the small stone building on the side-hill, north of the Dr. D. A. 
Scott residence, on North High street, originally used for church 
purposes by the German Lutheran Society, the school being 
removed later in the season to an upper room in the new Trussell 
building, corner East Market street and Maiden Lane alley, -which 
■was carried on -with a fair degree of success, until the death of Mr. 
Beach, September 30, 1846, his successor for a term or t-wo being 
Benjamin Franklin Dennison, A. M., commencing in November, 

December 3, 1844, notice of the establishment of a "Select High 
School," in the "Stone Block," is given by Mr. Samuel S. Greele, 
the success or duration of which is not novs^ remembered by the 
writer. In the meantime, a number of citizens had inaugurated a 
movement for the establishment of a permanent high school on 
the stock plan, and on the 10th day of February, 1845, a charter 
'was granted by the Legislature for "The Akron Institute," with 
power to confer degrees, with Simon Perkins, Eliakim Crosby, 
Edwin Angel, Henry W. King, James R. Ford, Lucius V. Bierce 
and Samuel A. Wheeler as corporators. Though the stockholders 
organized, nothing definite seems to have been done towards 
accomplishing the object sought, the last mention of the project 



found in the papers of the day, being the announcement of £ 
meeting of the stockholders, held October 9, 1846, at which direc 
tors were elected as follows: Simon Perkins, Richard Howe 
Samuel A. Wheeler, Henry W. King, Edwin Angel, Lucius V 
Bierce and William Harrison Dewey, with Simon Perkins as Pres- 
ident, Henry W. King, Secretary and Richard Howe, Treasurer. 

WEBSTER B. STORER,— born in 
Portland, Me., January 24, 1809; 
moved with parents to Zanesville, 
Ohio, in 1818, the family removing" to 
Cleveland in 1828; was educated in 
cominon schools of Portland and 
Zanesville; learned ship-carpenter 
and joiners' trade with his father, at 
the age of 21 eng-aging in that busi- 
ness on his own account, in Cleve- 
land, continuing four years; in 1836 
came to Akron, following house 
building for three j^ears ; then boat 
building for 18 years, two years in 
partnership with Jacob Barnhart, 
and ten years with Ansel Miller, 
meantime froin 1856 to 1858, coudvxct- 
ing a wholesale and retail grocerj' 
store at corner of East Market and 
High streets. In 1863, sold boat 
building interests to William H. 
Payne, and with his son-in-law, John 
L. Noble, under the firm name of 
Storer & Noble, ran an iron store 
corner Main and East Market streets 
until its destruction by fire on the 
morning of March 11, 1869; in 1868 
bought 208 acres of land, one mile 
West of citj' limits, which, with his 
son-in-law, he has since successfully 
conducted, making small fruits a 
speciality. Mr. Storer is a prominent 
member of the Disciple Church, and 
an ardent Republican, having served 
as member of Town Council in 1841 ; 
Portage Township Trustee 1848 and 
1851, member of Akron Board ofEdu- 


cation several j-ears, and from 1871 
to 1874 — Director of Count)- Infirm- 
ary, the last two j'ears as President 
of Board. Mr. Storer was married 
July 24, 1832, to Miss Mary A. Bangs, 
who has borne him five children four 
of whom are now living — Daniel W., 
now of Anderson, Ind. ; Hattie I., now 
Mrs. John L. Noble ; James B., of 
Akron ; and George S., of New York 


Though not a liberally educated man, himself, the late Ansel 
Miller was an earnest friend of education, in those early daj^s, being 
for manj^ years a trustee of the South Akron school district, as 
Avell as a member of the Board of Education later on. 

Mr. Miller, realizing the many defects in the old school system, 
as early as 1840 began to advocate the plan of educating all of the 
children of the people at the public expense, and the classification 
of schools into distinct grades according to proficiency. In this 
view Mr. Miller was warmly seconded by Dr. Joseph Cole, Webster 
B. Storer, William M. Dodge, Richard Howe, and others in the 
South Village, and by Horace K. Smith, Nahum Fay, James 
Mathews, Henry W. King, Allen Hibbard, Hiram Bowen, Constant 
Bryan, James M. Hale, Dr. E. W. Howard, and others in the North 

This doctrine, however, did not find favor among the childless 
property owners, and some of the larger tax-payers, they contending 



that aside from the amount arinuall}^ drawn from the State School 
Ftxnd, everj' parent was bound to provide for the education of his 
own children. Thus, for several years, the discussion went on, 
lx)th in private and in public, culminating in a large and enthusi- 
astic public meeting, at Mechanics' Hall, in the old stone block, on 
the night of Mav 14, 1846, at which a committee was appointed "to 
take into consideration our present educational provisions, and 
the improvement, if any, which maj^ be made therein." 

^ in St. Marys Co., Md., March S, 
17i»; father d5-iug- April 16, 1810, in 
1J<12 came with mother to Frank- 
Hnton, opposite Columbus, Ohio ; 
here he was adopted bj- Lucas 
Sullivant. a wealthy resident of 
Franklinton, who, besides giving- 
him a g^ood education for those times 
also taug^ht him the art of survej'- 
ing; at 21, sur\-e}-ed and located a 
road from Columbus to Cincinnati ; 
in 1824, was selected as a member of 
the Board of Engineers to survey and 
locate the Ohio Canal, removing to 
Akron in 1829, where, as president of 
of the board and resident eng-ineer 
of the Xorthern division, he was in 
the continuous employ- of the State 
luitil his resignation, in 1850, to go to 
California, where, in 1851, he was 
appointed Dept. U. S. Survej^or to 
run the meridian line from Mount 
Diablo to the Bay of Monterej- ; from 
1863 to 1865, was employed by the 
Pittsburg, Cincinnati and St. Louis 
R. R. to superintend the building of 
a bridge across the Ohio River at 
Steubenville, at which time the por- 
trait accompanying' this sketch was 
taken. Capt. Howe was an earlj- and 
earnest friend of education in Akron, 
liberall}- aided all of her earlj- church 
enterprises, tvas one of the trustees 
for the erection of the court house 
and jail in 1840; village councilman 
in 18.54, 18.55 and 1860. September 25, 
1827, Capt. Howe was married to Miss 


Roxana Jones who bore him eight 
children, five of whom survived him 
-Henrj' W. Howe. Esq., now of Ira, 
Northampton township ; Charles R., 
who died December 7, 1875; Nathan 
J., now of Chicago ; Emily B. now 
Mrs. J. A. IngersoU, of Chicago ; Marj^ 
Anna now Mrs. John Wolf, of Akron. 
Capt. Howe died March 19, 1872, aged 
73 3-ears and 11 daj^s. Mrs. Howe 
dying- Februarj' 14, 1875, ag-ed 70 
years, 1 month and 10 days. 

Rev. Isaac Jennings, Pastor of the Second Congregational 
Church, -was made chairman, (the names of the others not remern- 
bered), and the committee at once vigorouslj^ entered upon the task 
of thoroughlj^ informing themselves upon the question under con- 
sideration, and to tlie formulation of a report upon the subject. 
At an adjourned meeting, held November 21, 1846, J>Ir. Jennings, 
in behalf of the committee, submitted an exhaustive report, occu- 
pying three columns and a half in the BeaccjiX. 

After setting forth the defects of the existing system, and the 
advantages of the proposed change — greater uniformity, enlarged 
scope of studies, greater efficiency, etc. — the plan submitted by the 
committee, after full discussion, at a numerousl}^ attended meeting 
at Mechanics' Hall, on the night of November 21, 1846, was unani- 
mously adopted, and a committee, consisting of Kufus P- vSpalding, 
Henry W. King, Lucius \^ Bierce and Harvey B. Spelman, was 



appointed to carry the report into effect, and secure the necessary 
legislation in the premises. 

A NSEL MILLER— born in Bridg-e- 
■^ water, Windsor Countj^, Vt., May 
20, 1798; education limited— raised a 
farmer; at 23 learned carpenter's 
trade; 1826 to 1828 worked at trade in 
Boston, Mass.; visited Akron in 1828 
and located permanently in 1829; 
here, with his brother Lewis, he 
engaged in contracting- and building 
and being the first to raise a building 
in Akron — a large two-story frame, 
still standing opposite Lock One — 
without the use of whisky; in 1839, 
engaged in boat-building with Mr. 
Webster B. Storer, under the firin 
name of Storer & Miller, continuing 18 
j'ears; November 7, 1860, after yoting 
for Abraham Lincoln, moved on to 
a farm in Copley township, with his 
son, Charles C. Miller, where he died 
December 16, 1879, aged 81 years, 6 
months and 26 days. Mr. Miller was 
married to Miss Lucy Auldin Hawk- 
ins, November 22, 1831, who died 
December 17, 1837, having borne him 
two children — Charles C, now a pros- 
perous farmer in Copley, born Decem- 
ber 11, 1832, and James Nelson, born 
August 25, 1836 and died August 1.5, 
1837. Mr. Miller -was a warm friend 
of education, often serving- as school 
trustee under the old systein, and, 
as elsewhere stated, among the very 
first to advocate the union, or graded 
school system, originating in Akron, 


and now general in Ohio; was an 
early member of the Board of Edu- 
cation under the new system, and a 
member of the Council of the incor- 
porated village of A kron for the years 
1838, 1841, 1842, 1843, 1847, 1848, 1849, 1852 
and 1855. Mr. Miller was an original 
Anti-Slavery man, and from its organ- 
ization, a zealQus inember of the 
Republican party. 

Mr. Spalding, as the chairman, and Mr. King, as secretary of 
the committee, carefully embodied the substance of the report in 
a bill, which, being duly presented and advocated by our Repre- 
sentative, Hon. Alexander Johnston, of Green, and our Senator, 
Hon. Asahel H. Levsris, of Ravenna, -was duly enacted into a law on 
the 8th day of February, 1847. The act is as follows: 

An Act for the support and better regulation of the Com- 
mon Schools of the To'ivn of Akron. 

Section 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the 
State of Ohio, that the electors of the Town of Akron, in the County 
of Summit, qualified to vote for members of the town council, shall, 
at the time and place of holding the annual election for said mem- 
bers of the town council, for the year one thousand eight hundred 
and forty-seven, meet'and elect six directors [Mr. Jennings' report 
styled them superintendents and recommended their appointment 
by the council], of common schools for said town of Akron, two of 
whom shall serve for one year, two for two years and two for three 
years, the order of the seniority to be determined by lot, by such 
directors after their election; annually thereafter, at the time and 
place above specified, there shall, in like manner, be two directors 
elected and qualified. All vacancies which nia}^ occur shall be 
filled by the town council. 



TTON. kENRY W. KING, — eldest 
■1- -l- son of Judge Leicester King-, 
was born iu Westfield, Mass., Septem- 
ber 24, 1815; removed with parents to 
Warren, Ohio, in 1817; graduated from 
Washington (now Trinity) College, at 
Hartford, Conn., August 4, 1836; after 
thorough course of study at Cincin- 
nati Law School in 1839 opened law 
office in Akron in connection with 
Judge Milton Sutliff, of Warren, and 
later with James D. Taylor, Esq., and 
in 1849, with his brother, David L. 
King, under the firm name of King 
& King; was married October 20, 1842, 
to Mary, third daughter of Dr. 
Eliakim Crosbj-, who still survives, 
two children having been born to 
them — Harry Crosby King, dying in 
Arlington Heights hospital August 
11, 1864, while m the hundred daj-s 
service in defense of Washington as 
a member of the 164th Regt. O. N. G.; 
the daughter, Julia Huntington, 
being married to Homer Fisher (son 
of Akron's foriner well-known physi- 
cian, Dr. Alexander Fisher), now 
living in Chicago. Mr. King was one 
of the most active promoters of 
Akron's Union School System, as 
elsewhere stated; in 1850 was elected 
Secretary of State, whose duties, with 
those of Commissioner of Public 
Schools, he performed with singular 


intelligence and fidelity. Ever active 
in the promotion of the business, 
educational and moral interest-'^ of 
the town and count}', his early death, 
November 20, 1807, at the age of 42. 
years and one month, was univer- 
sallv regretted. 

Sec. II. The said directors, within ten days after their first 
appointment, as aforesaid, shall meet and organize by choosing, 
from their members, a president, secretary, and treasurer; and 
such treasurer, before he enters upon the duties of said office, shall 
give bond and security, to be approved by the council, and filed in 
the office of the Mayor of said town, conditioned for the faithful 
disbursement of all moneys that shall come into his hands as such 
treasurer, which bond shall be made payable to the State of Ohio; 
and when such bond shall be forfeited, it shall be the duty of the 
town council to sue and collect the same for the use of the com- 
mon schools in said town; and the said directors, so organized and 
qualified, and their successors in office, shall be a body politic and 
corporate in law, by the name of "The Board of Education of the 
Town of Akron," and as such, and by such name, shall be author- 
ized to receive all moneys accruing to said tow^n, or any part 
thereof, for the use and benefit of the common schools in said town; 
and the said board shall be capable of contracting and being 
contracted with ; suing and being sued ; pleading and being 
impleaded, in any court of law or equity in this State ; and shall 
also be capable of receiving any gift, grant, donation or devise, 
made for the use of common schools in said towrn ; and said board, 
by resolution, shall direct the payment of all moneys that shall 
come into the hands of said treasurer; and no money shall be paid 
out of the treasury except in pursuance of said resolution, and on 
the written order of the president, countersigned by the secretary. 

Without following the exact phraseology of the balance of the 
law, we summarize the remaining sections as follows: 



born in Trumbull, Conn., JUI3' 
24,1822, in boyhood removing' to 
Derb}', Conn.; graduate of Yale Col- 
leg-e, in class of 1837, with Senator 
William M. Evarts, Chief Justice 
Morrison R. Waite, Hon. Edwards 
Pierpont and Samuel J. Tilden; 
taug-ht school from 1837 to 1840; grad- 
uated from Andover Theolog'ical 
Seininary in 1812; June 14, 1843, 
ordained pastor of the then Second 
(now First) Congregational Church in 
Akron — its first pastor and his first 
charge; took an active part in inaug"- 
urating the graded or union school 
sjrsteni, and formulating the "Akron 
School Laws" now general in Ohio 
and other states, the old High or 
Jennings school being so named in 
his honor. February 17, 1847,Mr.Jen- 
ning-s was married to Miss Sophia 
Day, of Mansfield, O., immediately 
removing to Stamford, Conn., offi- 
ciating as pastor of First Congrega- 
tional Church there six j^ears, when 
he removed to Benning-ton, Vt., where, 
as pastor of the old First Church, he 
faithfully and successfully labored 
over a third of a century, his death 
occurring- there Aug-ust25, 1887, at the 
ag"e of 65 years, one month and one 
daj\ Mr. and Mrs. Jenning-s were the 
parents of nine children, six of whom, 
"with their mother, survive — one son, 
Isaac, Jr., being a minister; one,Fred- 


erick Beach, a lawyer, and one, 
Charles Green, a physician. The 
memory of Mr. Jennings,, whose por- 
trait is given herewith, though his 
sojourn here w^as comparatively brief, 
will long- be cherishedbj' all the good 
people of Akron, in whose behalf he 
so zealousl3' labored nearl}' half a 
century ag'o. 

Sec. hi relates to regular and special meetings of the board, 
quorum, etc. 

Sec. IV gives the board entire control of all the schools and 
school property; that after the then ensuing first Tuesday of Juney 
Akron should constitute but one school district and that all 
moneys accruing to said district from the State, or otherwise, for 
school purposes, should be paid over to the treasurer of the board. 

Sec. V relates to number and grade of schools; the establish- 
ment of a central grammar school, studies to be pursued, what 
pupils entitled to admission, etc. 

Sec. \'I confers upon the board power to make and enforce 
rules, emploj!' teachers, fix salaries, purchase apparatus, buy lands, 
build houses, buj^ furniture, etc. 

Sec. VII requires the town council to lev}^ such annual tax 
upon the property of the district, as, with the amount' received 
from the State school fund, and other sources, would meet the 
expense of maintaining said schools; which provision, owing to 
the clamor of certain inimical tax-paj^ers, was modified by an 
amended act, passed January 28, 1848. limiting the levj- to four 
mills on the dollar in anj^ one j^ear. 

Sec. \"III places the title of all lands, houses and other school 
property, with power to purchase, sell, etc., in the control of the 
town council. 

Sec. JX provides for theappointment of three school examiners, 
by the council, for the examination of all applicants as teachers, 



granting certificates, etc., and also for quarterly visits to schools, 
reporting progress to council, etc. 

Sec. X provides for public examinations of schools, annuallj% 
under the direction of the mayor, council, board of education and 

^ -*- Rootstown, Portage County, C, 
September lo, 1811; educated in Tall- 
niadg-e Academ3' find Twinsburg- 
Institute ; after t e a c h i n o- awhile 
entered employ of Xr. Roswell Kent, 
of Middlebviry, as clerk, afterward.-* 
becoming- his partner and opening- a 
branch store in Wadsworth ; in 1839 
removed to Franklin Mills (now 
Kent), in 181:1, formed a partnership 
with >Ir. Charles Clapp, and removed 
to Akron, the firm occvipying the cor- 
ner store iu the old stone block, cor- 
ner Howard and Market streets. An 
ardent Congxeg'ationalist, he was one 
of the organizers of the Second Con- 
gregational Church, in 1842, and one 
of its first deacons ; strongly anti- 
slaverj-, he early allied himself with 
the Third Part5' movement, and by 
the aid of Free-soil Democrats was 
elected Representative to the State 
Legislature, in 1849 ; enthusiastic in 
the cause of education, -was a zealous 
promoter of the Akron Union School 
system, and a member of the first 
board^of education thereunder in 1847; 
in 1851 removed to Cleveland, where 
he at once activelj- identified himself 
with the religious, edvicational and 
reform movements of the da\- ; in 
18.56 removed to Burlington, Iowa; in 
1864, under Gen. John Eaton, took 
charge of cotton raised ^)y "contra- 
bands" on lands brought under gov- 
•ernment control; in 1866, rj'moved to 
New York, there and in Brooklyn 
actively' engaging in business and 
philanthropic work. November 16, 


1835, Mr. Spelman was married to 
Miss Lucy Henry, of Blanford, Mass. 
(sister of the late Milton W. Henry), 
who bore him three children — Lucj' 
M., born March 4, 1838 ; Laura C, Sep- 
tember 9, 1839, (now Mrs. John D. 
Rockefeller, of New York), and Henry 
Jennings, born December 1, 1842, and 
died March 15, 1857, Mr. S. himself 
dying October 10, 1881, his remains 
being interred in Lake Vie^v^ Ceme- 
tery, Cleveland. Mrs. S. still survives, 
residing Avith her daughter, Mrs. 
Rockefeller, in New York. 

. Februarj^ 14, 1848, an amendment -was adopted bj' the Legis- 
lature, providing: "That every incorporated to-wn or city' in this 
State shall have the provisions of the act entitled 'an act for the 
support and better regulation of the common schools in the town 
of Akron' and the amendatory acts thereto, passed by the Forty- 
sixth General Assembly of this State, extended to all or any of said 
incorporated to-vvns or cities, -whenever two-thirds of the qualified 
voters thereof shall petition the town or city council in favor of 
having the provisions of said act so extended," thus establishing 
a precedent for the "local option" laws, on the temperance ques- 
tion, now in vogue in Ohio, and other states. 

Changes and amendments have from time to time been made, 
extending the provisions, under certain regulations, to unincorpo- 
rated villages, townships and school districts, so that now a large 
proportion of the State is working under the Akron School Law, 
a fact of which our citizens may justly feel proud. 



ylkmn's First fif^KScMool BuildiVio'_l847 h .18^3, 
[oil site of |or€seRt Jeimiiigs Selvool}- 

It will be noted that the plan of the original report was so 
modified in the act as passed, as to make the superindents, or as 
the act specifies, the directors, elective by the people, instead of ■ 
appointive by the town council. At the first election under the 
law, June 1, 1847, Lucius V. Bierce, Harvey B. Spelman, William 
H. Dewey, James Mathews, William M. Dodge and Dr. Joseph Cole 
were duly elected as members of the board. The board organized 
by electing L. V. Bierce, president; H; B. Spelman, secretary, and 
W. H. Dewey, treasurer; James S. Carpenter, Esq., Abel B. Berry, 
Esq., and Mr. Horace K. Smith, being appointed school examiners 
by the council. 

The entire town, de- 
nominated the "Akron 
School District," was 
divided into eight sub- 
districts; additional pri- 
mary school houses were 
built, and the property 
abutting on Summit, Mill 
and Prospect streets, then 
embracing about t^vo and 
a half acres of land, was 
purchased for $2,137.21, 
and the castellated one- 
story, frame building, al- 
ready upon the ground, 
was fitted up for a gram- 
mar school, at a cost of 
Mr. Mortimer D. Leggett, Ithaca, N. Y., a ripe scholar, and a 
thorough disciplinarian, was employed as Principal of the Gram- 
mar School, at the "munificent" salary of $500 per year, with Miss 
Lucretia Wolcott and Miss Helen Pomeroy as assistants, at $200 
and $150 per year, respectively. 

The board was opposed in all of its movements by certain 
penurious property owners, and, as above stated, an am^endment 
to the law was secured, limiting the rate of taxation for school 
purposes, in any one year, to four mills on the dollar, which 
compelled so great a degree of economy, in providing houses and 
apparatus, and the employment of competent teachers, as to very 
seriously threaten the success of the experiment, Mr. Leggett being 
impelled to withdra\v from the schools the second j^ear for lack of 
adequate compensation for his exceedingly efficient services. 

The graded system w^as found to work well, however, there 
being a much greater proportionate attendance, and at a con- 
siderable less expense per capita, and greater proficiency, than 
under the old plan. In 1849, an additional sub-district was formed, 
the primaries were graded into primary and secondary, and the 
grammar school was suspended during the Summer. 

September 3, 1849, Mr. Charles W. Palmer, assisted by. Mrs. 
Palmer, and Mr. Josiah Gilbert Graham, took charge of the 
grammar school, Mr. Palmer's engagement being for t-wo j'ears, at 
a joint salary, for himself and wife, of $600 per year, though owing 
to Mr. Palmer's illness, the school was again suspended early in 
1851, not to be again resumed until the completion of the new 



grammar school building, a contract for the erection of which was 
entered into by the board with the late Charles W. Brown for the 
foundation, and the late Andrews May, for the superstructure, in 
the Winter of 1850-51, at a cost of $9,200. 

Meantime, Mr. Edwin Bigelow Olmstead, and his wife, were 
employed to teach a higher grade primary, or rather secondary, 
school, in lieu of the grammar school, at a joint salary of $.50 per 
month, the fifth annual report showing the cost of tuition for the 
previous year (1851), to have been $2.00 per scholar upon the 
average number enrolled; $2.80 per scholar upon the average 
attendance, and $1.12 per capita on the enumeration. 

This arrangement continued 
until the dedication and occupa- 
tion of the new High School 
building, October 13, 1853. This 
building was erected immediately 
south of the original frame struct- 
ure, being a two-story brick, 50x70 
feet, of fair exterior and interior 
finish with a large school room 
and recitation rooms, on either 
floor. In 1868, the two wings were 
added, giving four additional 
rooms, at a cost of $15,000, and is 
now known as the Central or Jen- 
ings School building. 
The dedication exercises were 
held in the upper room of the 
new^ building, which was crowded 
by parents and the friends of education. Sidney Edgerton, Esq., 
then a member of the Board of Education, made a formal presen- 
tation of the structure, on behalf of the contractor and the board, 
with congratulatory remarks upon the advanced position which 
Akron occupied in the educational world, and the bright future in 
store for her both from a business as well as an educational stand- 
point. Rev. D. C. Maybin, rector of St. Paul's Episcopal Church, 
read a portion of the scriptures; Rev. A. Joy, of the Baptist 
Church, following with an appropriate prayer. Brief addresses 
were made by Abel B. Berry, Esq., Rev. John Tribbey, of the 
M. E. Church, and others. Rev. Nathaniel P. Bailey, of the 
Congregational Church, offered a resolution of thanks to the Board 
for their efficiency in the promotion of the work 'which had been 
done, and a hearty commendation of the system of education, so 
auspiciously inaugurated, to the unstinted support of the people of 
Akron, and the friends of education everywhere. The exercises 
were interspersed with music by the Akron Band, and closed with 
a benediction by Rev. N. Gher, of the Grace Reformed Church. 

Mr. Samuel F. Cooper was employed as Superintendent of 
Schools, assisted in the High Department by Mrs. Cooper and Miss 
Annette Voris, sister of Gen. Alvin C. Voris; the Grammar depart- 
ment being placed in charge of Miss Elsie A. Codding, assisted by 
Miss Mary Gilbert and Miss Rosetta Pryne. Mr. Cooper's engage- 
ment closing after two and a half years of faithful work, in April, 
1856, Horace B. Foster, Esq., of Hudson, graduate of Western 
Reserve College, filled the position with great acceptance, to both 

Jennings School — old High School Build 

ing — Summit. Mill and Prospect, 

First Ward. 



board and pupils, from October, 1856, until the Spring of 1857. 
Mr. E. B. Olmsted was then appointed Superintendent, with Mr. 
J. Park Alexander in charge of the Grammar school, Mr. George 
H. Root, of Tallmadge, having had charge of that department 
during the years 1855-56, assisted by Miss Harriet N. Angel and 
Miss Jerusha McArthur; Mr. Root also giving especial attention to 
penmanship, in both the grammar and high schools. 

p EN. MORTIMER D.LEGGETT,— ^^<^^:*=.x 

'J^ born, of Quaker parentage, in 
Ithaca, N. Y., April 19, 1821; at 16 
emigrated to Geauga County, Ohio ; 
school advantag-es limited, but b)' 
studjr at night acquired an education 
-which secured the voluntary be- 
stowal of degrees from several west- 
ern coUeg-es ; though admitted to 
the bar at 22, his time was for several 
j'ears devoted to the cause of popu- 
lar education, being 4he organizer of 
Akron Union School System, now 
general throughout the State ; as 
Principal of the Grainmar School, 
-which position he ablj' filled for two 
years, as elsewhere stated, our fine 
new Leggett School Building, East 
Thornton, Sumner and Allyu streets, 
being so named in his honor. On 
retiring Mr. Leggett engaged in the 
practice of law at AVarren, in 1857 
removing to Zanesville, where in 
addition to his law practice, he offi- 
ciated as superintendent of public 
schools, until the Fall of 1861, when 
he was commissioned by Gov. 
Deunison to recruit a regiment for 
the Union Armv. Appointed Lieu- 
tenant Colonel, 78th O. V. I., Decem- 
ber 1861; promoted to Colonel, 
Jahuar\- 11, 1862 ; fought at Fort 
Donelson, Febrviarj'- 11, 1862 ; on sur- 
render of fort appointed provost- 
marsha) ; was in continuovis service 


during the war, being- several times 
-wounded, with constant advances 
for meritorious conduct, and appoint- 
ed full Major-General from January 
15, 1865 ; after the siege of Vicksburg, 
receiving- as the award of a Board of 
Honor, a gold medal, inscribed, 
"Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Siege of Cor- 
inth, Bolivar, luka. Champion Hills, 
Vicksburg." Gen. Leggett was ap- 
pointed Commissioner of Patents, by 
Pres. Grant, in 1871, and is now with 
his son, L. L. Leg-g-ett, Esq., practicing 
law in Cleveland. 

The teachers' pay-roll for 1856, was $2,777.42, the average price 
paid in the primaries and secondaries being about $4.75 per week; 
in the grammar school and assistants in the high school $35 per 
month; superintendent $65 per month. 

The board, deploring the evils resulting from frequent 
changes of superintendents anfl teachers, in their 11th annual report 
expressed the conviction that the lowest Avages principle was not 
the most economical, and that such liberal compensatioifl. should be 
paid for both superintendent and instructors, as -would secure the 
best ability and skill in all the departments. 

Acting upon this principle, Mr. Charles T. Pooler, a teacher of 
large experience in the state of Ne-vv York, was employed as Super- 
intendent, assisted in the High School by Miss Harriet N. Angel 
the first five months, and on her resignation, by Miss Lavena 
Church, now Mrs. Jacob Oberholser, of New York City, who con- 
tinued the second j^ear, with Miss Harriet Amanda Bernard as 
second assistant; Mr. Hezekiah Melchisedec Ford having charge 
of the grammar school, with Miss Rebecca Coffman as assistant. 



-L^ born in Sidney-, N. Y., August 
20, 1826; academical and collegiate 
education ; taught school in Sidne}', 
N. Y., in Virginia., in Butternuts, N. 
Y., in Mt. Sterling, Ky., in Geneva, O., 
Madison, O. Academy, as principal, 
in Akron, as principal of grammar 
school, and Fredonia, N. Y., as prin- 
cipal of public schools, in 1851 
retu,rning to Akron, as superinten- 
dent, as elsewhere stated, and then 
for several years as superintendent 
of schools at Marion, O. In April, 
1861, went into service as Captain of 
Co. H., 4th O. V. I., participating in 
battles of Rich Mountain and Rom- 
nej-. After a great variety of regular 
and detached service, was wounded 
while constructing- a bridge over the 
Shenandoah, near Front Roj-al, and 
discharg-ed for disability ; in 1864, at 
request of Gov. Brough, was sent to 
take the vote of Ohio soldiers' in 
front of Charlestown and Hilton 
Head, S. C. ; in Washington, served 
on editorial staff of Daily Intelli- 
gencer; coinpleted north wing- of P. 
O. Dept. building-; designed and 
constructed Dead Letter room in said 
building ; was original inventor of 
making envelopes for the govern- 
ernment, without hand labor, but 
throug-h red-tape-ism, or favoritism, 
failed to reap the benefit of his 
invention and the larg-e ainount of 
labor and money expended thereon. 
Mr. O. then spent several years in 
educational work in the South, where 


he was ordained as a Bapti.'^t min- 
ister, and is now the pastor of a 
church in Port Byron, New York. 
Mrs. Olmsted, who assisted him in 
the schools here, died in the South, 
leaving four sons, two of whom 
Victor H. and Edwin B., Jr., are in 
g-overnment employ in Washington ; 
Ledru RoUin in the West ; and 
William Dennison preparing for the 
legal profession. Mr. O. was again 
inarried, to Miss M. E. Strong, of 
Yorkshire, N. Y. in 1881. 

Mr. Pooler entered upon his duties in the Fall of 1857, at a 
salary of $1,000 per year, and after a fairly acceptable service of 
three years, declining a reappointment, retired from the Superin- 
tendency at the close of the Spring term, 1860. 

In September, 1860, Mr. Israel P. Hole, entered upon the duties 
of Superintendent at a salary of $900 per year, which was increased 
from time to time, the last year of his term of service, 1867-68, his 
salary being $1,500. This increase of compensation, while made 
necessary by the advance in the cost of living, and the enhance- 
ment of all values by the war, was a significant acknowledgment 
of the high estimation placed upon the services of Mr. Hole b}^ 
successive boards, and by the majority of the people. 

In January, 1868, O'wing to a real or supposed unfriendliness on 
the part of a portion of the patrons of the schools, Mr. Hole 
and several of his assistants tendered their resignations to the 
board, which body, on February 1, 1868, unanimously adopted the 
following resolution: 

"Resolved, That the Board of Education take pleasure in attesting- to 
the fidelity and zealous labors of the superintendent and teachers. We 
further assure the superintendent and' teachers that they have and will con- 
tinue to have, the most cordial support of the Board so long as the5' continue 
to merit their confidence in the future as they have in the past. We also 
earnestl}^ invoke the confidence and support of the community as being- 



eminently due to those having- charge of our public schools as superintend- 
ent and teachers. As at present advised we decline to accept the resigna- 
tions as tendered." 


born in Stockbridge, Mass., 
December 19, 1826; in 1836 removed 
with parents to Tallmadge, Ohio, 
working on farm ; from 18 taught 
school Winters, and attended Ober- 
lin College Suminers, graduating in 
the class of 1851 ; in August, 1851, 
was inarried to Miss Margaret J. 
Loughridge, of Mansfield ; Superin- 
intendent of Youngstown Union 
schools two years, and of Akron 
schools two years and a half — from 
October, 1853 to April, 1856— with Mrs. 
Cooper as one of his most efficient 
assistants ; in Spring of 1856, removed 
to Grinnell, Iowa, being admitted to 
the bar, and engaging in practice 
the same year. In August, 1861, 
entered the army as Adjutant of the 
4th Iowa Cavalry, serving in Mis- 
soviri and Arkansas till September, 
1862, when he was appointed Lieu- 
tenant Colonel of 40th Iowa V. 1., 
serving under Gen. Grant in the 
Vicksburg campaign, and afterwards 
till close of the war, west of the 
Mississippi, being mustered out in 
August, 1865. Since the war Mr. 
Cooper has filled many honorable 
civil positions— Clerk of the United 
States District Court, Collector of 
Internal Revenue, and, from 1876 to 
1880, United States Consul to Glas- 
gow, Scotland. For the past ten 
years Mr. Cooper has been connected 


with the Merchants National Bank, 
of Grinnell, of which he is now Pres- 
ident, but in a recent letter to the 
writer, says: "For nearly a half a 
century m5^ best thought and effort 
has been given to the cause of pop- 
ular education, having in all that 
period, scarcely ceased to have offi- 
cial connection with that grand work, 
in some of its departments." 

Feeling, at length, that a change -was desirable, both for him- 
self and the schools, Mr. Hole again tendered his resignation, at 
the close of the school year, in 1868, after eight full years of effi- 
cient and meritorious service; among his most efficient aids, 
without disparagement to others, being Miss Harriet Amanda Ber- 
nard, now Mrs. Dr. Edward S. Coburn, of Troy, N. Y. 

In the meantime, the magnitude and importance of Akron's 
public schools had immensely increased, her enumeration of 
school children and youth, being fully 3,000 against less than 700 in 
1846; the town itself having been advanced from an incorporated 
village to a city of the second class, both its business and its pop- 
ulation and wealth being rapidly on the increase. 

At this juncture, most fortunately, the services of Mr. Samuel 
Findley, as Superintendent, were secured, the new incumbent 
entering upon his duties in September, 1868, holding and most ably 
and efficiently filling the position for the period of 15 years, until 
feeling the absolute necessity of a rest from the arduous labors of 
the position, he voluntarily tendered his resignation at the close 
of the Spring term in 1883. 

Meantime, in addition to the rapid growth of original Akron, 
various annexations of territory were made, the Spicer school dis- 
trict being added in 1865, and the township of Middlebury in 1872; 



Superintendent Findley's last report showing a total enumeration 
of school youth between six and twenty-one years, for 1883, within 
the city limits to have been 5,858, as against 690 in the Akron of 
1846, and probably not to exceed 1,000 in the entire territory now 
included in said city. The total enrollment of scholars in 1882, 
was 3,582 and the average daily attendance for that year, 2,840. 

near Salem, Columbiana Co., O., 
April 2, 1827 ; educated in cominon 
schools and at select high school of 
G. K. Jenkins, Mt. Pleasant, O. ; from 
1849 to 1856 taught part of each year 
in countrj' and village schools ; in 
1856 was student in State Normal 
School at Hopedale, Harrison Co., 
afterward merged in Hopedale Nor- 
mal College, from which he holds 
the degree of B. S.; taught a select 
school in Springfield, O., seven 
months ; superintended Minerva, O., 
schools one year, Hanover, O., two 
years, New^ Lisbon, O., four years, 
Akron, O., eight years and was 
principal of Damascus, C, Acad- 
emy ten years, inaking about a 
third of a century in the work of 
instruction, many of his students 
now adorning the bench, the bar, 
the pulpit, the medical, the teachers' 
and other professions of Science, 
Literature and Art, or successfully 
engaged in the various other honor- 
able pursuits of public and private 
life. Mr. H., since 1884, has resided 
on a small farm, near Damascus, O., 
partly engaged in agriculture and 
partly promoting the public welfare, 
as opportunity offers. He is presi- 
dent of an insurance company, pres- 
ident of Board of Trustees of 
Damascus Acaderaj', and president 
of a gold mining company. In the 
Autumn of 1852, Mr. Hole was mar- 


ried to Miss Mary Miller, of Colum- 
biana Co. February 3, 1861, two sons 
— twins — were born to thein — Mahlon 
W., (deceased) and Morris J., the 
latter — married to Eliza Spear, of 
Garfield, Mahoning Co., — holding the 
degree of M. S. from Damascus 
Academy, and of A. B., from Adel- 
bert College ; is now principal of 
Green Spring Academy, Seneca Co., 

In speaking of Superintendent Findley's retirement. President 
F. W. Rockwell, in his annual report for 1883, said: " With the 
close of the year the board lost the services of Superintendent 
Samuel Findley, who has been at the head of our schools for the 
past fifteen years. His administration has been marked by ability 
and firmness of purpose, and having conducted our schools from a 
small beginning until they have reached their present status, he 
may well look back upon his work with pride." 

Capt. Elias Fraunfelter, for several years Professor of Mathe- 
matics in Buchtel College, was elected by the Board of Education 
as Dr. Findley's successor, entering upon his responsible duties in 
September, 1883, his administration thus far being equally satis- 
factory with that of his predecessor. 

With the passing years many and important changes have 
come to the schools of Akron, not only in the matter of greatly 
improved school buildings, but also in a large increase of the 
courses of instruction, including scientific penmanship, vocal 



inusic, drawing, etc., and, in the High School, the higher mathe- 
matics, chemistry, Latin, Greek, etc., with semi-annual examina- 
tions and graduations — graduates from the High School being 
thoroughly qualified to engage in teaching, enter college without 
further preparation or examination, or to engage in business or 
professional life, an arrangement having been made between the 
board and Buchtel College by which, beginning at tenth 3'ear of 
course, or second year in High School, pupils in Greek recite to 
tutors of College. 

SAMUEL FINDLEY,— born in New 
Concord, Ohio, December 1, 1831; 
educated in coninion schools and 
preparatory department of M u s - 
kinguin College; at 17, moved with 
parents to Green County, working' on 
farm two years, then teaching- coun- 
trj' schools four years and one year 
in Xenia Public Schools. In 1855, 
became publisher and manager of 
Presbyterian Witness and book con- 
cern at Cincinnati, continuing Iavo 
years. In Spring of 1857, engaged in 
book-selling in Moninouth, 111., for a 
short time, then teaching near Mon- 
mouth two j-ears ; in Falland Winter 
of 1859, operated as agent for Mon- 
mouth College, in Ohio; in 1860, 
returned to Ohio and resumed teach- 
ing- in Green County, in the Fall of 
1861, in Xenia Union Schools, a few 
months later accepting the princi- 
palship of a ward school in Colum- 
bus ; in Januar3', 1864, became princi- 
pal of the old Brownell Street School 
in Cleveland, organized the new 
Brownell Street School, in 1865, with 
18 teachers; in the Fall of 1868 
assumed superintendencj- of Akron 
Schools, which position he ablj' filled 
for 15 years, as elsewhere detailed. 
For 20 years Mr. F. has been County 
and City Examiner and member of 
State Teachers' Association, Presi- 
dent of Superintendents' Section in 
1873 and President of Association in 
1877; was s-iven degree of A. M. bv 


Buchtel College in 1876, and of Ph. 
D. bj- Wooster Universitj^ in 1880, and 
is now editor and publisher of the 
Ohio Educational Monthly, with a 
large circulation among the teachers 
of Ohio. March 31, 1853, ^vas married 
to Miss Mary A. Hardie, of Xenia, 
who has borne hiin four sons and 
two daughters — William Clarence, 
Alvin Irwin, Lorena Belle, Laura 
Ma}-, Edwin Leigh, and Samuel 
Emerson, all living in Akron. 

By the gro-wth of the citj' and a change in the law, the Board 
of Education has been enlarged from six to twelve members — two- 
elected by the voters in each ward — instead of being elected by the 
city at large, as under the old arrangement. 

From a half dozen or less diminutive rooms, the school accom- 
modations now consist of one splendid four-story brick twelve 
room High School building, on South Forge street, Wilbur V. Rood, 
principal, with fifteen lady teachers in High and Grammar depart- 
ments. Jennings School, six rooms, corner Mill and Summit 
streets, former High School, (named in honor of Rev. Isaac Jen- 
nings, chairman of the committee which reported the plan of the 
Akron school law, as hereinbefore stated), fourteen teachers. Miss 
Josephine Newberry, principal ; Perkins School, six rooms and 
annex, corner Bowery and Exchange streets, (named in honor of 
Gen. Simon Perkins, -who founded the village of Akron in 1825),. 



-'-- German parentai;-e, near Eastoii, 
Pa., April 3, 1840; came with family 
to Ohio April, 18-Ki, wcttliiiii- near Assli- 
land, working- on farm and in hotrl ; 
educated in countiy school and \'er- 
milliou Institute, Hayesville ; at 17 
began teachino- ; at 20 chosen tutor 
of Mathematics in Vermillion Insti- 
tute ; August 22, 18(i2, enlisted in Co. 
C, 120th O. V. I., bvit soon transferred 
to Co. F; promoted to sergeant, 
orderlj' sergeant, first lieutenant and 
captain "for meritorious conduct in 
camp and in field, " serving, also, for 
a time, as aide-de-camp on staff of Gen. 
Peter Ost(?rhaus, 9tli Div. 13th Army 
Corps, and later as adjutant of his 
regiment ; participated in the various 
battles, skirmishes and assaults 
resulting in the siege and surrender 
of Victsburg and captvire of Jack- 
son, >Iiss. ; transferred with regiment 
to the Department of the Gulf, was in 
the Teche campaign and the dis- 
astrous Red River expedition ; cap- 
tured with steamer " Citj' Belle " near 
Alexandria. La., ^lay i, 1864 ; confined 
in rebel prison at Camp Ford, Texas, 
13 months ; exchanged at New Orleans 
Mav 30, 1865; by consolidation, becom- 
ing captain of Co. D, 114th O. V. I., 
reporting- for duty at Mobile, Ala., 
May 31, 1865, and mustered out with 
regiment at Columbus, Ohio, June 
27,1865; August, 1S()5. resinned posi- 
tion in Vermillion Institute ; April, 
1866, elected Professor of Mathematics 
in Savannah (Ohio) Academy, and in 
June, 1866, Associate Principal and 
Professor of >Iatheinatics and 
Natural Science, reorganizing- insti- 
tution and enlarging building-s, in 
1870 cataloguing 385 students; Sep- 
tember, 1873, chosen Professor of 
Engineering and Normal studies in 
Buchtel College, at Akron, and Pro- 
fessor of Mathematics in June, 1874; 
in August, 1883, accepted the position 
of Siiperintendent of Instruction in 
Akron Public Schools, which respon- 
sible position he is still ably filling. 
Capt. Fraunfelter holds a life State 
teacher's certificate ; served nine 
years as president of board of school 
examiners for Ashland Count3^; has 
been a member and president of the 


board of school examiners for (he 
citj- of Aki'on since 1^77, and a mem- 
ber of the board of managers of thi- 
Akron Public Library since May 111,, 
1886; received degree' of A. M. from 
Bethan_\- (\V. X'a.j College June, 1S73„ 
and of Ph. D. from Lombard (111.) 
Universit)' June, l.s7il. The Cajitain 
became a mei-nber of Buckley Post, 
G. A. R., May 4_, l,s.s:-{ ; was vice com- 
mander lS,S4-18S,i ; commander lS,S(i-S7. 
representing- Post in Department 
Encampment at Cleveland in 188(5, at 
Springfield in 1887, and at Cincinnati 
in 189(), and the Department in the 
National Encampment at San Fran- 
cisco, Cal., August, 1886, and at 
Boston, Mass., August, 1800; has 
been a member of Ohio Commanclery 
of the Loj-al Legion of the United 
States since April 2, 1884. April 2, 
1867, Dr. Fraunfelter was married to 
Miss Laura K. Caldwell, daughter of 
Rev. John P. Caldwell, a Presb3'terian 
minister of Baruesville, Ohio, who 
has borne him two children — Charles 
Davies, stock clerk in Superintend- 
ent's office of Aultman, Miller & Co., 
and Clara May, book-keeper and 
cashier for Kxibler & Beck, Akron 
Varnish Works. 

seven teachers, Miss Sarah I. Carothers, principal ; Crosby School, 
eight rooms, corner Smith and West streets, (named in honor of 
Doctor Eliakim Crosby, projector of the Cascade mill race, which 
gave to Akron its start as a manufacturing center), nine teachers, 
Mrs. Sarah P. Bennett, principal ; Spicer School, eight rooms, Car- 
roll street, (named in honor of Major Miner Spicer, -who in 1811 
settled upon the land on -which said school is located), nine 
teachers. Miss Margaret L. McCready, principal'; Allen School, 
eight rooms, corner of South Main and Thornton streets, (named 



in honor of Jesse Allen, one of Coventry's earliest settlers, said 
school being in what was originally a part of Coventry town- 
ship), nine teachers. Miss Anna M. HoUinger, principal ; Bowen 
School, six rooms, on North Broadway, (named in honor of Dr. 
William Bowen, an early and earnest promotor of Akron's public 
schools,) seven teachers. Miss M. Elraa Campbell, principal; Howe 

Perkins School House, corner West 

Exchani^e and -Bower^^ Streets, 

Fifth Ward. 

Cros-bv School House, corner Smith 
and West Streets, Third Ward. 

J born Januar3' 2, 180.5, at Granville, 

V\^asliing-ton County, N. Y; came to 
Ohio in 1813; read la%v with Judg'e 
Wheeler, in Unionville; after his 
admission to bar settled in Middle- 
burj', in 18.31 removing" to Akron; in 
April, 1840, was elected Prosecutitig- 
Attorney of the then new connty of 
Summit, and re-elected in October of 
the same year for the full term of two 
years; was active in securing- the 
passage of the Akron School Law, 
and an efficient member of the first 
Board of Education thereunder ; in 
October, 1860, was elected Probate 
Judgeof Summit Countj^ which office 
he ably filled until his death, Julj^ 21, 
1861, aged 56 years, 6 inonths and 19 
da3'S. June 4, 1833, Mr. Dodge was inar- 
ried to Mrs. Harvey A. Howard, nee 
Hannah B. Fenn, Mr. and Mrs. Howard 
being- the parents of the last Mrs. 
James MathcAvs, and Mr. Howard one 
of the early merchants of Middle- 
burj' and Akron. Mrs. Dodge, born 
in Milford (now Orang-e), Conn., May 
28, 1808, still survives, now, iti her 8ith 
year, enjoying- full mental and jjhys- 
ical vigor, with the exception of her 
lower limbs, which have been para- 
lyzed for the past 22 years. Her chil- 
dren by her last marriage, were: 


Stella A., now Mrs. John B. Etz; 
Victoria, died in infancy ; Walter, 
died in infancj' ; Einmet D., died 
August 2, 1882, at the age of 41 years 
and 28 days ; Marion E., now Mrs. M. 
E. Reed, and Jennie, now Mrs. George 
C. Heifer, of South Mound, Kansas. 



Spicer School House, Carroll Street, 
Fourtli Ward. 

School, eight rooms, (named in 
honor of Capt. 
early resident of Akron, and for 
many years superintendent of 
the Northern Division of Ohio 
Canal),nine teachers, Miss Lucy 
E. Beldina:, principal ; Henry 

Allen School House, corner South 
Main and Thornton Streets, 
Fourth Ward. 

iSowen School, Xorth Broadwaj-, 


Howe School House, South Bowerj', 
Bartges and St. Clair Streets, 
Fifth Ward. 

School, eight rooms, corner North Forge and Arch streets, 
(named in honor of Milton W. Henry, long a prominent merchant 
in Akron, and a great friend of education,) nine teachers. Miss 
Lida M. Dussell, principal; Kent School, eight rooms, Arlington 
street. Sixth Ward, (named in honor of Roswell Kent, one of Mid- 
dlebury's pioneer merchants and most public spirited citizens,) 
nine teachers, Mr. Lee R. Knight, principal ; Leggett School, eight 
rooms, named in honor of Gen. Mortimer D. Leggett, first superin- 
tendent, (or principal, as it was then called,) of Akron schools 
under the new law — Thornton, Allyii and Sumner streets — nine 



teachers, Miss Lizzie Camp, principal; Orace School, so named in 
honor of the late Mrs. Grace Perkins, intersection of West 

MILTON \V. H E N R Y,— born in 
Blanford, Mass., October 13, 
1816 ; in 1830 removed with family to 
Westfield, Medina County, Ohio; 
educated in common schools and 
Wadsworth Academj' ; clerk in stores 
of Kent & Spelman and G. & J. 
Miller, of Wadsworth, and Clapp & 
Spelman, of Akron, from 1836 to 1843, 
when he became a partner of Harvey 
B. Spelman, under the firm name of 
H. B. Spelman & Co., located in the 
"Old Stone Block," corner of Howard 
and Market sti-eets ; in 1848 purchas- 
ed Mr. Spelman's interest, and soon 
afterwards associated with himself, 
James Zwisler, under the firm name 
ofM. \V. Henry & Co.; December 27, 
1849, building- and portion of stock 
destroj-ed bj' fire, but business con- 
tinued in another location ; occupied 
new building- on old site, in 1854, sub- 
seqviently purchasing- the projiertj' ; 
admitting- to partnership some of his 
faitliful employes, the firm of G. C. 
Berry i Co., was organized in 187.5, 
which arrang-ement continued until 
1883, when Mr. Henry retired from 
active mercantile life. Mr.Henrj'was 
one of the original stock-holders and 
director and vice president of the 
First National Bank of Akron ; stock- 
holder and director Tapliu, Rice & 
Co., of Akron and Austin Powder 
Co., of Cleveland ; served iiineyears as 
member and officer of Akron Board of 
Education and eight >ears member of 
Akron City Council, a portion of the 


time as its president. December 5. 
1843, Mr. H. was married to 
Abigail Weeks, of Coplej', who bore 
him six daughters and one son : 
Olive C, (now Mrs. M. H. Crumrine), 
Ella C, (Mrs. C. E. York, Youngsville, 
Pa.), Julia A., (Mrs. William McFarlin), 
Hattie A., (Mrs. C. A. Barnes), Charles 
M., Grace P. and Mattie W., all of 
whom are still living-. Mr. Henrv 
died, suddenly, March 16, 1886, aged 
0(1 j-ears, 5 months, 3 days. 

Henry School House, ^Ic)r•'h Furg 
Street, Second Ward. 

Kent School House, South Arlington 
Street, Sixth Ward. 



Exchange and South Maple streets, eight rooms, seven teachers, 
Miss Laura E. Waltz, princi])al. 

Leggett School House, AUvn, Thornton Grace School House, South Maple and 

and Sumner Streets, Fourth Ward. ^^ e«t 5:^9^''"'5e Streets, 

Fifth ^Vard. 

The rapid growth of the city calling for still more extended 
vschool accommodations, four-room additions are now (August, 
1891,) being made to the alreadj' spacious Kent, Howe and Spicer 
buildings, in each of which four additional teachers will be 

eldest son of Captain Richard 
.and Roxana Qones) Howe, was born 
in Bath, June 29, 1828, in infancs^ 
removing with parents to Akron ; 
•educated in Akron public schools 
and Oberlin College, graduating 
from latter in 1849 ; read law with 
Judge James S, Carpenter, practicing 
with the Judge until his elevation to 
the Bench, in 1856; in 1859, engaged 
in the manufacture of agricultural 
implements in Akron, seven years 
later removing to Richfield, where 
he was engaged in manufacturing 
•enterprises until April, 1881, when he 
moved to his farm in Northampton, 
which he is still successfully culti- 
vating ; is also postmaster of Ira 
postoffice, at Hawkins station on the 
Valley railway, Mrs. Howe also hold- 
ing the position of postmistress at 
West Richfield, while residing there. 
Mr. Howe was a member of Akron 
Board of Education several years 
Audits secretary from 1851 to 1857; 
represented the Second Ward in City 
Council in 1865 and 1866 ; in Richfield 
served as member of School Board, 
and as Justice of the Peace, and is 
now a Justice of the Peace for 
Northampton township ; helped to 
■organize the Summit County Agri- 
cultural Society, serving as director 
and secretary eight years, and smce 
1878 has been secretary of Summit 


County Grange, Patrons of Hus- 
bandry. September 17, 1856, Mr. 
Howe was married to Miss Jennie 
Williamson, of Stow, who died March 
25, 1857 ; was again married, Decem- 
ber 12, 1859, to Miss Isadore C. Bell, a 
native of Connecticut, who has borne 
him four children— Edwin B., Frank 
R., and Abby B., living, and, Arthur 
Willett, deceased. 



DR. WILLIAM BOWEN, — bornin 
Genessee County, N. Y., July 3, 
1805; learned trade of carpenter; on 
completion of apprenticeship came 
to Ohio, working- on mill of Mr. Wil- 
liam Raynolds, near Canton; desir- 
ing- to secure a better education, 
through the aid of Mr. Raynolds, he 
attended the select school of Barak 
Michener, in Canton; on completion 
of his studies, taught school in the 
village of Paris, Stark County, mean- 
time studying medicine -with Dr. 
Robert Estep. In 1832, commenced 
practice in Doylesto-wn, Wayne Coun- 
tj' ; in 1835 attended lectures at Ohio 
Medical College, receivinghis degree 
in 1836 ; then practiced t-svo years in 
Canton and nearly 15 5'ears in Mas- 
sillon. In 1853 bought a farnij three 
miles south of Akron, dividinu- his 
time between medicine and agricul- 
ture until 1857, when he removed to 
Akron, where he remained in prac- 
tice until his death, Jan II, 1880, aged 
74 j-ears, 5 months and 15 da5'S. Dr. 
Bowen was a warm friend of educa- 
tion, having published the Free 
School Clarion from 1846 to 1848, in 
Massillon, as elsewhere noted; was 
also School Examiner and member 
and president of the Akron Board of 
Education for several j^ears, Bowen 
School, on Broadway, being named 
in his honor. In May, 1830, Dr. Bowen 


was married to Miss Huldah M. Chit- 
tenden, of Middlebury, who bore him 
nine children, three onlj- of whom 
now survive. Miss Elina C, now 
residing in the state of Washington ; 
Frances C, now Mrs. Dr. A. E. Foltz, 
of Akron ; and Mrs. Sarah B. Freer, of 
Canton. Mrs. Bowen died Jul}' 3, 
1890, aged 84 j^ears, 9 months and 4 



Rev. A. K. Wright, was born at 
Wadsworth, Ohio, January 18, 1841 ; 

educated at Hudson, graduating- 
froin Western Reserve College in 
1863; served as orderl}' sergeant of 
Co. B, (composed principall}' of 
students of college), 85th Regiment 
O. V. I., from May 27th till September 
27, 1862; in 1884 teacher in Sha-nr 
Academj',at Collainer, Ohio ; engaged 
in business in Cleveland from 1864 tO' 
1869 and in Toledo in 1869 ; February, 
1870, came to Akron as cashier and 
book-keeper for Aultman, Miller & 
Co., now being treasurer of the com- 
pany ; has served several years as 
member of Board of Education, being 
treasurer of the Board for the j'ears 
1883, 1884, 1885 and 1886 ; October 3, 
1872, Mr. Wright was married to Miss 
E. Augustine Chevrier, j-oungest 
daug-hter of the late Louis Chevrier, 
Esq., of Akron. The}' have four chil- 
dren — three sons and one daug-hter : 
Charles Chevrier Wright, born Feb- 
ruary 16, 1874 ; Reginald Ashmun 
Wright, born March'14, 1876 ; Howard 
Buttles Wright, born November 19, 
1880, and Helen Maria Wright, born 
July 18, 1883. 

It -will thus be seen, that, including Superintendent Fraun- 
felter and Prof. Nathan L. Glover, musical instructor, Prof. J. War- 
ren Thyng, teacher of dra-wing, and Prof. J. O. Wise, teacher of 



Akron's New High School Building, South 
Forge Street. Erected in IbSU. 

penmanship, that Akron's pubUc schools have a grand army of 
nearly 130 teachers, and it is safe to say, that, with the thorough 
examinations which are made, and the extreme care bestowed 
upon selections, together with the ripe experience of man}' of the 
number, Akron's instructors will compare favorably with those of 
any other city in Ohio, or elsewhere, while all our people have the 
proud satisfaction of kno^ving that the system first devised and 
adopted here, nearly half a century ago, is now in vogue in every 
state where public schools, for the free education of the children 
of all the people, are maintained and cherished. 

As early as 1875 it became 
apparent that a new high 
school building was rapidly 
becoming a public necessity, 
but as larger and better ward 
accommodations were also 
equally necessary', and had 
to be, provided, the high 
school project was held in 
abeyance until about 1883, 
though several committees 
on sites had previously been 
appointed without definite 
results. In 1883 a committee 
on sites was appointed, con- 
sisting of R. H. Wright, 
Thomas McEbright, D. W. 
Thcmas, H. G. Griffin, Chris. 
Vogt and F. M. Atterholt. This committee, after examining- sev- 
eral sites, and receiving various propositions from pioperty 

DR. J O H X \V. L Y D E R,— born 
near Elkton, in Elkrun town- 
ship, Columbiana County, Ohio, 
December 16, 1837 ; educated in pub- 
lic schools and at Oberlin College ; 
graduated from Philadelphia (Pa.) 
ental CoUeg^e in 1869 ; practiced for 
a time in Fairfield, Columbiana 
County, then moved to Alliance, 
Stark County, where he practiced 
until his settlement in Akron, April 
20, 1875, where he has since been in 
continuous and successful practice. 
Dr. Lyder was president of the Ohio 
State Dental Association three terms ; 
served as member of Alliance Vil- 
lage Council, and as president of the 
Stark County Agricultural Society- ; 
from 1881 to 1883 was a member of 
the Akron Board of Education ; was 
a member of State Dental Society' 
Executive Committee for 1W»1 ; acting 
Eminent Commander Knights Temp- 
lar for 1891, and has filled various 
other offices of honor in Masonic 
orders for a period of twentj- years/ 
September 15, 1863, Dr. Lyder was 
married to Miss Mary V. Bedortha, 
of Oberlin, who has borne him two 
children — Frederick H., born in 
Alliance, November 1, 1864, a gradu- 

i)K. joii.v w. lyj:>ek. 

ate of Philadelphia Dental Cone>;-e, 
now practicing with his father, and 
Jay Walter, born in Alliance, Octo- 
ber 20, lK6'-i, now book-keeper in the 
City Xatio:ial Bank, of Akron. 



owners, finally selected and purchased grounds on the southeasterly 
side of Forge street, fronting directly on Union Park and both Col- 
lege and Mill streets. The property selected consisted of lots occu- 
pied by Frank J. Staral, 96 feet ; Noah A. Carter, 45 feet, and 
Augustus D. Power, 76 feet, making a total frontage of 217 feet ; 
with a rear frontage, on Jackson alle_y, of 190 feet ; the aggregate 
price paid for the three properties being $19,000. 

TOHN HcGREGOR, — born near 
J Wellsville, O., June li, 1836 ; 
raised on farm; graduated from 
Jefferson (Pa.) College in 1863 ; attend- 
ing Ohio Law College, at Cleveland 
one year, was admitted to practice in 
State and U. S. Courts at Cleveland, 
and opened an office in Akron in 
1864, continuing in successful prac- 
tice seven years ; was Citj^ Solicitor 
two j^ears — 1869-71 ; was Treasurer of 
Portage Township from 1877 to 1884 ; 
member of Board of Education from 
1888 to present time. In 1871, Mr. 
McGregor purchased an interest in 
the Akron Steam Forge Works, and 
on their reorganization as a joint 
stock company, in 1872, was elected 
secretary and treasurer, which posi- 
tion he stills holds. In 1887, Mr. M. 
became a stockholder and director in 
the Webster, Camp and Lane Machine 
Company, being elected president 
and treasurer of that corporation, 
which offices he.sti]l retains. Novem- 
ber 11, 1868, Mr. McGregor was mar- 
ried to Miss Hattie E. Folger, of 
Akron, daughter of the late Williain 
M., and Julia A. (Ha5'den) Folger, who 


has borne him three children 
F., John and Mary, all now 
with their parents. 


Several plans were submitted by well-know^n architects, that 
of Messrs. Weary & Kramer, of Akron, being adopted. After 
various delays a contract was entered into, in the Spring of 1885, 
with Messrs. Wilhelm & Schroeder, of Akron, for the complete 
structure, excepting the heating apparatus, for the sum of $78,672, 
to which changes, additions, etc., added the further sum of $11,- 
277.42. The steam heating apparatus, supplied by Mr. John Robb, 
of Akron, cost $11,423, which, -with the cost of furniture, and the 
various other indispensable conveniences for the proper working 
of the several departments of the school, places the total cost of 
the institution at about $135,000, the grand total of Akron's present 
school property, at a fairly low estimate, being fully half a million 
of dollars. 

The edifice is 163 feet in length, 128 feet in width, and 88 feet 
in height, exclusive of the central tower, which is 160 feet. The 
foundation and basement walls are of stone, and the superstruct- 
ure of pressed brick with handsome stone trimmings, the 
architecture being of the Romanesque order. The foundation 
walls are three feet in thickness; basement walls (stone) two and 
one-half feet thick, and the brick walls of the building 20 inches; 
the entire structure, including basement and upper floor of the 
main building, four full stories in height. 



-1- December 19, 1848, near New Lis- 
bon, Ohio ; educated ;it Xew Lisbon 
High School,Xational Normal School, 
of Lebanon, and Mount I'nion Col- 
leg-e, graduating- at the latter institti- 
tion in 1870. He was a prominent 
teacher in the State for several jears, 
and for a time was editor of the 
Colunihiana Register. He came to 
Akron in the autumn of 1879 and read 
law with Upson, Ford & Baird ; was 
admitted to the bar by the Supreme 
Court at Columbus, O., "October 5,1880, 
and has most of the time since been 
the law partner of Judge U. L. Mar- 
vin. Mr. Atterholt is an earnest 
friend of education ; has served as 
member of the Board of Education, 
City Board of School Examiners, and 
is a Trustee of Mount Union College. 
In politics he is an ardent Republi- 
can ; has served on the State Central 
Committee and been chairman of the 
Countj' Executive Committee. He is 
-an earnest member of the Board of 
Trade and is larg^ely financiall3' and 
officiallj- interested in a number of 
the most extensive business enter- 
prises of the city and with several in 


other places. He was married Decem- 
ber 21, 1872, to Miss Mary E. Baird, of 
Columbiana, Ohio. They have one 
child— Frank Brj-ant, born June 2, 1878. 


in Carlisle, Pa., April 14, 1824, 
removing with parents to Wooster, 
Ohio, in 1833 ; raised on farm, attend- 
ing district school winters; at 16 
attending- Norwalk Academy, arid 
later entering on classical course in 
Ohio Wesleyan University, but on 
reaching- the senior year failing 
health compelled him to return to 
the farm. Improving by out-door 

exercise, in 1847, began the study of 
medicine in Wooster, graduating 
from Starling Mecfical College, 
Columbus, February 22, 1851, immedi- 
ately commencing practice in Nash- 
ville, Holmes Count}', in 1857 remov- 
ing- to Millersburg. In Fall of '61 was 
appointed by Gov. Dennison surgeon 
of 8th Regt. O. V. L, serving as acting 
Brigade Surgeon and Chief Opera- 
ting Surgeon of division, in the Armj' 
of the Potomac, until the Spring of 
1863, when, by reason of ill health, he 
resigned. In Ma}-, 1864, was appointed 
Colonel of the 166th O. V. I., but 
resigned and took the position of 
Surgeon to that reg-iment, being 
mustered out with regiment in Sep- 
tember, 1864, removing to Akron the 
following November. June 16, 1853, 
Dr. Ebright was married to Miss 
Nancy Liggett, daughter of Judge 
Thomas Liggett, of Millersburg, who 
has borne him five children, three 
dying- in infauc}% the two survivors — 
Misses Kit and Carita — both being 
A. B. graduates of Cornell Univer- 
sity. Dr. Ebright is a high degree 
member of the Masonic Order; a 
member of the Summit County, the 
N. E. Ohio, and the Ohio State Med- 
ical Societies, and of the American 
Medical Association; Surgeon of C, 
A. & C. R. R., and has served 14 years 
upon the Akron Board of Education, 
several years as its president. 



In the basement, besides the boiler and engine rooms, are the 
Superintendent's office; the office of the Board of Education; 
vault and safe room; laboratory; boys' and girls' play roomSr 
wash rooms, cloak rooms, halls, etc. On the first floor, besides the 
entrances, there is a large central court, eight school tooms, reci- 
tation room, principal's room, boys' coat room, girls' cloak rooms, 
halls, etc. On the second floor there are a central court, four large 
school rooms, t^vo recitation rooms, lady teachers' parlor, coat and 
cloak room, ante-rooms, halls, etc., on the easterly side; while 
Assembly Hall, 64x84 feet in size, occupies the entire "westerly side 
of the floor. On the third floor there are five good-sized rooms, to 
be used for society purposes, library, museum, etc. 

The exact dimensions of the several apartments need not be 
given here, but a few figures will readily demonstrate the immen- 
sity of the structure. The walls have a measurement of nearly 
100,000 square feet of foundation, outside and partition walls- 
containing about 30,000 cubic feet of stone, 2,000,000 common brick 
and 270,000 pressed brick, and consuming over one-third of a 
million feet of lumber in its completion. Including halls, closets, 
attic, etc., there are 107 separate rooms in the building, with a floor 
surface of some 55,000 square feet, there being 195 doors, and 253^ 
w^indow^s in the edifice. 

In the tower, 108 feet from the ground, is a fine-toned 2,000 
pound bell, and a first-class clock, with four illuminated dials, 
16 feet in diameter, each. While the building is externally beau- 
tiful, and its interior finish every way tasty and pleasing to the 
eye, substantiality and practicalness, rather than ornament and 
show, have been the objects aimed at by the several gentlemen 

HIRAM H. FOLTZ,— fifth son of 
Moses and Sarah (Kean) Foltz, 
was born near Wooster, Ohio, June 
20, 1837 ; educated in common schools 
of Wayne County ; raised on farin ; 
August 9, 1862, with four of his 
brothers, enlisted in the 102d O. V. I. 
in the late war, serving three j'ears, 
being- honorably discharged May 18, 
186,5; March 14, 1866, moved to Akron, 
and engaged in the painting busi- 
ness ; was member of Akron Board 
of Education froin 1881 to 188,5, being 
one of the most efficient members 
during the building of the High, 
Howe, and Henr}' School buildings ; 
is an active director of the Summit 
Countjr Agricultural Society and 
superintendent of Fine Arts Hall ; 
member of State Executive Com- 
mittee of the National Union; 
chairman of City Republican Com- 
mittee; member of Buckley Post, 
No. 12, G. A. R.; in February 1888, was 
appointed collector of tolls, rents, 
etc., on the Ohio Canal for the port of 
Akron, which responsible position 
he is still ably filling. March 27, 
1862, Mr. Foltz was married to Miss 
Cynthia Bell Hughes, of Wooster. 
Thej' have two children living — 
Minnie M., now Mrs. Fred W. Davis, 


of the Sixth Ward, and Harry J., now 
clerk in gTocery and provision store 
of J. B. Houghton, Akron. All five of 
the Foltz brothers, who served 
throug-h the late war are now living 
in Akron. 



under whose auspices Akron has been provided with this splendid 
monument to the intelligence and enterprise of her people. 

Very properly have the gentlemen alluded to perpetuated 
their names in connection with the good work, by terra cotta tablets 
inserted in the wall, upon the east side, as follows: "Members of 
THE Board of Education, 1884-5: Dr. Thomas McEbright, 
Pres., '84-5, R. H. Wright, Treas., F. M. Atterholt, Sec, D. W. 
Thomas; Lewis Miller, Pres., '85-86, A. M. Armstrong, A. H. 
Sargent, W. H. Evans, Louis Seybold, J. T. Sell, H. H. Foltz, Dr. L. 
S. Sweitzer, \V. H. Rothrock, F. W. Rockwell, H. G. Griffin. Build- 
ing Committee: D. W. Thomas, chairman, F. W. Rockwell, Louis 
Seybold, Dr. Thomas McEbright, Lewis Miller, J. T. Sell. Archi- 
tects : Frank O. Wearj', Geo. W. Kramer. Contractor.s : Louis 
Wilhelm, W. C. Schroeder, John Robb." 

GEORGE C. BERRY,— was born in 
Medina Co.. Ohio, June 19, 1837, 
removing to Akron with his parents, 
when three 3'ears old ; educated in 
Akron's Union t5chools ; at 15 entered 
store of Mr. Joseph E. Wegener, as 
clerk, afterwards serving- in same 
capacity in store of Mr. Milton W. 
Henry; in 1864 was admitted to a 
partnership in the concern under the 
firm name of M. W. Henry & Co., by 
the accession of others, in 1874 the 
firm name being changed to G. C. 
Berry & Co. ; in 1883 virithdrew from 
firm and opened a carpet warehouse 
on Mill street, in w^hich enterprise he 
has been phenomenallj' successful, 
in 1888 associating with hiinself in 
business his son, Charles W. Berry, 
under the firm name of Berry & Son. 
In the war of the rebellion, Mr. Berry 
•J served 100 days in the fortifications 
in front of Washington, as a member 
of Company F., 164th O. V. I., has 
been a member of the Akron Board 
of Education, and its most efficient 
secretary for many years, and a 
trustee in Summit Lodge Xo. 50, I. O. 
O. F. Mr. B. was married March 11, 
1857, to Miss Annie Wheeler, of Akron, 
who bore him five children — Willis 
H., who died at 6 j'ears of age ; Geo. 


C, Jr., Charles W., Anna L., and Mary 
H.,— Mrs. Berry dying March 18, 1869, 
Mr. B. was again married, to Miss 
Isabel Wright, of Tallmadge, who 
has borne him two children — twins 
— Belle and Zelle, the former dj^ing- 
at 8 months. 

Delays intervening, the edifice was not completed until the 
very moment for the opening of the Fall term of school, on Mon- 
day, September 6, 1886. Consequently the formal dedication of 
the building which had been contemplated, had to be omitted, 
though hundreds of parents, and others, availed themselves of 
the privilege tendered by the board and superintendent, of visiting 
the building, and witnessing the workings of the several depart- 
ments, during the earlier days of the term, as, indeed, all are 
welcome to do at any time. 

The total enumeration of school youth, -within the citv limits 
for 1888, was 7,707, of whom 3,871 were boys and 3,836 girls; 6,904 
American born; 516 German; 56 Irish; 51 English; 83 colored; 19 
French; 9 Scotch; 10 Italian; 7 Welsh; 4 Norway; 3 Hungary; 1 
Bohemia; 2 Greece; 1 Russia; 42 Sweden. 



pEORGE G. ALLEN,— son of 
'J Xenianthus and Marg-aret E. 
(Turner) Allen, was born in Grang'er, 
Medina County, Aug-ust 26, 18,5,5; 
boj'hood spent on farm ; at 14 moved 
Avith parents to Akron, graduating' 
from Alvron High School in 1873 ; 
read law in offices of John J. Hall 
and Edward Oviatt, Esqs., with a six 
inonths' course in Law Department 
of Michig-an Universitj^ at Ann 
Arbor ; admitted to the bar in Akron 
August 28, 1876, and immediately 
adinitted to partnership with Edward 
Oviatt, Esq., under the firin name of 
Oviatt & Allen, among the most suc- 
cessful practioners at the Summit 
Countj' bar. Mr. Allen was for a 
short time Acting Mayor of Akron 
in 1883 ; was elected to the Board of 
Education froin the First Ward in 
1887, and re-elected in 1889, being- 
treasurer of board for 1888 and 1889, 
chairman of the committee on heat 
and ventilation, etc. Besides his 
extensive law practice Mr. Allen has 
been a director in City National Bank 
of Akron since its organization in 
1883 ; director in P. Schumacher 
Milling- Co. since 1887 ; director in 
Canada Copper Co ; in Anglo-Amer- 

■■1 '^gm^fr^^' / - 


ican Iron Co ; in Central Ontario 
Railway Co., Canada, and Western 
Linoleum Co., of Akron. July 18, 
1877, Mr. Allen was married to Miss 
Olivia Frances Oviatt, youngest 
daughter of Edward Oviatt, Esq., who 
has borne him tw^o children — Don 
Oviatt Allen, born June 9, 1878, and 
Ben. Herbert Allen, born July 11, 1885. 


T EWIS MILLER,— born in Green- 
-l^ town. Stark County, August 24, 
1829; educated in district schools 
and Illinois Academj', Plainfleld ; 
1846 to 1851 worked at plasterers 
trade Suininers attending- and teach- 
ing school Winters ; 1851 became 
member of firm of Ball, Aultman & 
Co., manufacturers of stoves, plows, 
threshers and reapers, (the old Hus- 
sey machine), the firm removing to 

Canton in the Fall of that year; soon 
advanced from apprentice to super- 
intendent, inventing the wonderfully 
successful Buckeye Mower and 
Reaper, followed by the table-rake 
in 1865, and subsequently the self- 
binders, now^ so universally used,^ 
and many other important labor- 
saving devices ; separate works, on 
an extensive scale, being established 
at Akron in 1864, under the name of 
Aultinan, Miller & Co. Besides offi- 
ciating as president and superinten- 
dent of the companies named, Mr. 
Miller is pecuniarilj^ and officially 
connected with a large number of 
other manufacturi ng- establishments, 
banks, etc., in Akron and Canton, 
Mount Union College, Ohio Wesley- 
an L^niversity and Allegheny 
College ; sviperintendent of the First 
M. E. Sunday School, originator of 
pi-esent Sundaj' School rooms, and 
chief promoter of the Chautauqua As- 
sociation scheme ; has served as 
member of City Council and many 
years as member of Board of Educa- 
tion, Board of Librarj^ control, etc. 
Married, September 16, 1853, to Mary D. 
Alexander, of Painfield, 111., eleven 
children have been born to them— 
Eva, (died when 16), Jennie, Ira M., 
Edward B., Robert A., Lewis A., 
Mina (now Mrs. Thomas A. Edison), 
Mamie, Grace, John V., and Theo- 
dore W. 



PRAXK W. ROCK\YELL, -son of 
-L Marshall M. and Sarah (Pendle- 
ton) Rockwell, born in Kent, Ohio, 
October 31, 1851; when seAen or eight 
years old, moved with faniilv to ]>lis- 
souri; father entering- the I'nion 
army, came with mother to Stow, 
returning- to Missouri in Spring of 
1863; in Spring- of 1864 removed to 
Andover, Ashtabula Countj-, ().; in 
1S65. to Indiana; in 186(j, to Linesville, 
Crawford Countj", Pa.; in 1871, to 
Akron; common v-<chool education, 
with one j-ear at AUeg-heuj- Colleg'e; 
entered employ of Akron Sewer Pipe 
Co., as book-keeper, in 1871, in A ugnst, 
18S2, becoming- Secretary and Trea.s- 
urer of the Companj-; January, 1881, 
engaged in manufacture of " stone- 
ware as member of the firm of John- 
son, Rockwell & Co., successors of 
Johnson & BaldAvin, later F. \Y. Rock- 
well L<c Co.; in 1881 was elected mem- 
ber of Akron Board of Education, 
holding- the position four terms 
(eig-ht 3'ears), serving two vears as 
president of the Board— 188,3-1, 188S-9 
—and three years as cha^rman of 
finance committee ; in 1887 and 1,S8S, 
was Chairman of Republican Cen- 
tral Committee. September 21, ],s7,i, 
Ml-, Rockwell was married to Miss 
Marj^ Ann Johnson, daughter of 


Thomas and Harriet Johnson, who 
has borne him seven children — 
George W., Frank J., Addie (deceased ), 
Thomas, M a rj- , Ida and Wad e. 
Though still a resident of Akron, Mr. 
Rockwell is now Secretary and Treas- 
urer of the Pennsylvania Sewer Pipe 
Co., at Huntinpdon, Pa. 

The number of scholars enrolled during the Spring and Sum- 
mer term of 1888, was 4,(i'i4; the entire e.xpenses, including the 
superintendent's and teachers' salaries, janitors, fuel, etc., for the 
school year, 1887-8 being $59,220, or $12.60 per scholar per 3^ear, on 
the enrollment, exclusive of interest on investment for lands, 
buildings, furnishings, repairs, etc. This, as will be seen by com- 
parison with figures heretofore given, is somewhat more costly, 
per capita than under the earlier workings of the system, but 
scarcel}' more so than was the old plan of select schools at from 
$3.00 to $5.00 per quarter, Avhile a vast improvement upon the 
district and select plans, by being more systematic and efficient in 
its methods and results. 

The total enumeration for 1890-91, was 8,442 — boys, 4,211; girls, 
4,231; total enrollment, 5,283. Total expenditures for the year end- 
ing August 31, 1890, as follows: Wages of teachers, including 
salary of superintendent, $51,955.65; fuel and other contingent 
expenses, $18,509.51; sites and buildings, $25,016.55; bonds and 
interest, $19,100.00; total, $114,581.71. 

The salary of Superintendent Findley was originally $2,500 per 
year, but in 1876 was, for reasons which do not fully appear upon 
the record, reduced to $2,000, but on the accession of Prof. 
Fraunfelter, the old figure, $2,500, was restored; Principal Rood's 
salary being $1,400; Prof. Glover, (music), four days per week, 
$1,400; Prof. Thyng, (drawing), $1,000; Prof. Wise, (writing), $800; 
teachers in High School, $500 to $800; Grammar School, princi- 
pal $900; teachers $250 to $650. Ward schools: principals, $600 to 
$700; teachers, $250 to $500; a slight contrast between the present 
superintendent's salary and that of the "superintendent" of the 



"high" school on the hill, taught by the writer, in 1835-6— $11.00 
per month and "board around." 

In addition to regular teachers, "student teachers" — one for 
each room — are now regularly employed, who are required to be 
in daily attendance, and in case of sickness or other necessary 
absence, take the place of regular teachers, being paid $25 per 
month, while so employed the first year, with $5 a month extra, on 
taking their places as regulars the second year. This plan of 
training in teachers from graduates of our o'wn schools, is proving 
to be a very valuable feature of our present most admirable school 

17DWIN F. VORIS,— son of Gen. 
J-^ Alvin C. and Lj^dia (A 1 1 j- n) 
Voris, was born in Akron July 31, 
1855; educated in Akron public 
schools, g^raduating- from High 
School in 1872 ; at its opening- in Sep- 
tember, 1872, entering Buchtel Col- 
lege, froin which he graduated June 
30, 1875. Entering- Harvard Law 
School, in the Fall of the same year 
he graduated therefrom June 27, 1877, 
and was admitted to the bar at Cleve- 
land October 8th of that 3-ear. June 
8, 1878, he went to St. Louis, and the 
following month was admitted to 
practice in the courts of Missouri. 
Studying and practicing with J. M. & 
C. H. Krum, of St. Louis, until Feb- 
ruary, 1879, he returned to Akron, 
forming a partnership with his father 
under the firm name of Voris & Voris, 
after the accession of his father to 
the Common Pleas Judgeship, form- 
ing a partnership with his brother- 
in-law, Charles Baird, Esq., Feb- 
ruary 14, 1891, under the firm name 
of Baird & Voris, which arrange- 
ment still continues. On the death 
of Prosecuting- Attornej' John C. 
Means, in May, 188(3, Mr. Voris was 
appointed by Judge Green to fill 
the vacancy, serving till January, 
1887. Mr. Voris was one of the organ- 
izers of Camp 27, Sons of Veterans, 


Division of Ohio,in Akron ; April, 1889, 
was elected member of Akron Board 
of Education from Second Ward, and 
is still serving ; October 21, 1879, Mr. 
Voris was married to Miss Lizzie U. 
Slad e, of Columbus, Ohio. They have 
3 children— Lydia, born July 17, 1880; 
William S., born August 28, 1882; 
Elizabeth, born August 12, 1884. 

The first pupil graduated from the Akron High School, was 
Miss Pamela H. Goodwin, now Mrs. William Renwick, of Daven- 
port, Iowa, of the class of 1864. Since then, with the exception of 
the single year of 1870, there have been graduated, yearly, as 
follows: 1865, two; 1866, three; 1867, five; 1868, four; 1869, five; 
1871, four; 1872, seventeen; 1873, eleven; 1874, sixteen; 1875, eigh- 
teen; 1876, twenty; 1877, thirty-two; 1878, twentj^-two; 1879, 
thirty-five; 1880, thirt5-six; 1881, eighteen; 1882, twenty-nine; 1883. 
twenty-six; 1884, thirt3'-five; 1885, forty-nine; January, 1886, nine; 
June, 1886, forty-seven; January, 1887, twenty-seven; June, 1887, 
thirty-one; January, 1888, twenty-five; June, 1888, thirty-seven; 
January, 1889, sixteen; June, 1889, thirty-three; January, 1890, 
thirty; June, 1890, thirty-four; January, 1891, thirty-six; June, 1891, 
thirty-four, making a total of 747 graduates, in the 28 years, 215 of 
whom were boys and 532 -were girls. 



ARTHUR J. WEEKS, -born in 
-^^ Copley, June 28, 1847 ; raised on 
farm ; educated at North Madison 
Academy and Willoug-hby College, 
with a course in civil engineering at 
Bethany Colleg-e, W. Va. ; assistant 
engineer in locating and construct- 
ing Tuscarawas \''alley R'y, two 
}-ears ; assistant to Chief Engineer 
P. H. Dudley, on Valley R'y three 
years, last two j-ears as division 
engineer in charge of construction 
between Akron and Canton ; Octo- 
ber 1, 1874, was married to Miss 
Lovina Humbert, of Lake Township, 
Stark Co.; 187.1 to 1882, engaged in 
jobbing Akron stoneware, pipes, 
matches, etc., at Evansville, Ind. ; 
in 1882, removed to Akron, becoming 
a niembar of the pottery firm of 
Weeks, Cook & Weeks, a short dis- 
tance south of the present felt works ; 
Mr. Cook retiring in 1886, the firm of 
Weeks Brothers (Arthur J. and Fred 
H.) was continued until November 1, 
1890, Mr. W.,on dissolution, purchas- 
ing the potter}' works of F. W. 
Rockwell & Co., 1110-1116 East Market 
street, which he is still successfullj^ 
conducting, on organization of Akron 
Stoneware Agency, Mr. W. was 
elected secretary, which position he 
still fills ; was elected member of 
School Board in 1888 and re-elected in 
1890 ; chairinan of building- commit- 
lee, and of committee on heating- and 


ventilation ; in 1890 elected treasurer 
and continued on building com- 
mittee in charge of erection of the 
new Grace School building. 

It \^dll be seen that while the sexes, in the enumeration, are 
very nearl}- equal, considerable more than twice as many girls 
graduate as boys, which may probably be accounted for, in part at 
least, by the fact that before reaching the graduation point, from 
necessity or choice, the boys embark in mercantile or other 
business pursuits, while a large proportion of the girls go through 
with the design of becoming teachers. 


In 1890, the office of superintendent of primary instruction was 
created by the board, and the position given to Mrs. Sarah C. Lake, 
one of our most experienced teachers (formerly for many years 
Principal cf Bowen School), whose daily supervision of the work 
being done in the primaries is proving to be a very valuable feat- 
ure of our educational sj^stem. The salary of the primary super- 
intendent is $850 per year. Another valuable advance "which has 
been made is tlie doing away with formal examinations for promo- 
tion, it being found that many pupils worthy of promotion, being 
naturally timid and easily embarrassed, would fail at the critical 
moment to reach the iron-clad standard, and thus be arbitrarily 
kept a grade or two below their more ready fellows, in reality no 
better qualified than themselves. Promotions are now made on 
the recommendation of the teachers and principals of the sev- 
eral schools, and the plan has so far worked most admirably. 



JOSEPH COOK,— boi-u in London, 
J England, March 24, 1847; in 
Spring- of 1849 came with parents to 
America, settling at East Liverpool ; 
in 1863 enlisted in the army, serving- 
till close of the war. During service 
in army his parents removed to 
Middleburj', where he came to reside 
on receiving his discharg-e. Octo- 
ber 9, 1873, Mr. Cook was married to 
Mary T. Norton, eldest daughter of 
Thomas and Hannah Norton, who 
has borne him five children — Eva P., 
Thomas N., Mary J., Martha \V. and 
George W. Mr. C. engaged in the 
pottery buisness with David A. 
Butler and John Richardson, under 
the firm name of Richardson, Cook 
& Butler, incorporated March, 1879, as 
the Akron Stoneware Co., with Mr. 
Cook as president. Disposing of 
his stock, three j-ears later, the firm 
of Weeks, Cook & Weeks, built an- 
other potterj', of which Mr. C. was 
superintendent until the Fall of 188(), 
when he disposed of his interest to 
the Messrs. Weeks. Then helped to 
organize and was made president of 
the W^ood Type and Novelty Manu- 
facturing Company, two years later 
disposing- of his interest therein, and 
in the Spring of 1890, aiding in the 
organization of the Drop Hammer 
F<n-ging Co., of which he is president. 


. ■'p. ■'si*'}. 


April, 1889. Mr. Cook was elected 
^jiember of the Akron Board of Edu- 
cation, the first year being chairman 
of committee on grounds, and the 
second year of committee on janitors,, 
being re-elected in 1891. 


pRANKLIN G. STIPE.-eldest son 
-■- of Harrison and Anna (Neugent) 
Stipe, was born in Greentown, Stark 
County, April 23, 1846, when young- 

removing with parents to Green 
Township, Summit Countj-; edu- 
cated in public schools and Greens- 
burg Seminarj-, for several years 
teaching in Winter an(J assisting- 
father on farm in Summer ; during- 
the war, as a member of the Ohio 
National Guard, served from May to 
September, 1864, in Co. H., 164th O. V. 
I., in defense of Washington, as else- 
where detailed ; in 1866, removed to 
Akron, where he has since success- 
fully followed the painting business. 
A life-long Republican, Mr. Stipe 
was vice-president of the Republi- 
can CentralCommittee for 1887 ; mem- 
ber of Board of Education from 
Fourth Ward for 1888-9, and mem- 
ber of City Board of Equalization of 
decennial appraisement of real estate 
for 1890. September 5, 186,^, Mr. Stipe 
was married to Miss Soviah Koous, 
daughter of Jonas and Sarah (France) 
Koons, of Green Township, who has 
borne him four children — Norah 
Eleanor, Harrj^ Jonas, Mabel Lonely 
and Mattie Maria. Mr. and Mrs. Stipe 
are members of the First M. E. 
Church of Akron. 

In September, 1884, in addition to English, Latin and Greek, a 
class in German was formed in the High School, which is highly 



appreciated by such of our people as desire to have their children 
instructed in that language. Pupils in the several courses in 1890 
were: English, 222 — 64 boys, 158 girls; graduates, 5 boys, 25 girls; 
Latin, 51 boys, 53 girls; graduates, 8 bo3'8, 7 girls; German, 56 
boys, 57 girls; graduates, 7 boys, 12 girls; Greek scholars reciting 
at College, 9. 

November 14, 1881, the executive committee of the board of 
trustees of Buchtel College adopted the following resolution, which 
is still in full force: 

" Resoli^ed, That one scholarship be granted to the City of Akron, to be 
awarded by competitive examination only, to the graduates of the High 
School qualified to enter the Freshman Class in one of the courses of Buchtel 
College. Bvit in case there be no competitors for this scholarship among 
the graduates of the High School, it may be granted, by competitive exami- 
nation, to anj' student in the City Schools who shall be qualified to enter the 
Senior Preparatorj' Class of the College in either of the three course.^." 

A NGELO ANDREW,— born in Bos- 
■^ ton Township, Summit County, 
O., February 1, 1846; common school 
education ; at 17, apprenticed to 
printer's trade in office of Summit 
County Beacox ; August 23, 1864, 
enlisted in Company H., 177th O. V. 
I., participating in all its engage- 
ments, and serving until the close of 
the war ; on retiring from the armj', 
returned to Peninsvila and engaged 
in painting, three years later accept- 
ing a clerkship in the store of Mr. 
Frederick Wood, where he remained 
five years ; resuming his trade and 
removing to Akron, in 1877 he formed 
a partnership w^ith his brother, 
Robert L., under the firm name of 
Andrew Brothers, and besides em- 
ploying a large number of painters 
and decorators, dealing extensivel}' 
in paints, paper-hangings, house and 
church decorations, etc. ; in Septem- 
ber, 1890, buying his brother's inter- 
est and now successfully conducting 
the business upon his own account. 
Democratic in politics, Xr. Andrew 
has been thrice honored with a seat 
in the School Board of the generally 
Republican City of Akron, serving 
faithfully and acceptably four full 


j-ears, from 1SS7 to the present time. 
August 14, 1873, >Ir. Andrew was mar- 
ried to Miss Lizzie Warburton, a 
native of Northampton township, 
who has borne him five children — 
Mabel, Frank, Bessie, Nellie and 

The following pupils, under this beneficent provision, have 
availed themselves of its privileges: Lillian Moore, scholarship, 
'81-82, full course; May Baker, '82-83, four terms; Lizzie Griffin, 
'84-'85, one term ; Edith Garside, '85,-'86, one term ; Edwin L. Findley, 
'86-87, full course; William B. Baldwin, '87-88, full course; Anna 
Thomas, '88-'89; Leroy C. Eberhard, '89-'90; Myrtle Pardee,'90-'91. 


Following is given what is believed to be a full list of the 
gentlemen who have served upon the Board of Education, from its 
organization in the Spring of 1847 to the present time, (1891) a 
period of 44 years, although the exact terms of service cannot here 
be enumerated: Lucius V. Bierce, Harvey B. Spelman, William 
Harrison Dewey, William M. Dodge, Dr. Joseph Cole, James 




A LFRED W. HALL —son of Alex- 
-^ ander and Phoebe Elizabeth 
(Rosmaii) Hall, was born in Lawrence 
township, October 19, 1847 ; came with 
parents to Akron when about three 
3'ears of age ; educated in Akron pub- 
lic schools ; followed boating" on Ohio 
Canal, first with his father and after- 
wards on his own account, till 1871 ; 
ena^ineer in Allen Mill and Rolling 
Mill ten j^ears ; then engaged in 
insurance business for five years, in 
March, 1886, being appointed by the 
Ohio Board of Public Works super- 
intendent of Northern Division of 
Ohio Canal, from Cleveland to Boli- 
var, 73 iniles, which position he is still 
ably filling. In local matters Mr. 
Hall was an efficient member of the 
old Volunteer Hook and Ladder 
Compan}', Mechanics No. 3 ; a direc- 
tor of the Suminit County Agricul- 
tural Societj' ; in 1890 was elected a 
member of the Board of Education 
from 1he Foiarth Ward, which posi- 
tion he still holds; is also a stock- 


September 2'-!, 1870, Mr. Hall was mar- 
ried to Miss Jennie Letter,of Blissfield, 
Lennewa County. Mich. Thej- liave 
one son — Georg-e Alfred, born Xov- 


ember 1, 1881, now a student in Akron 
public schools. 

Mathews, Judge James S. Carpenter, Dwight Newton, Judge 
Daniel K. Tilden, Dr. Elias W. Howard, Heurj- W. Howe, Webster 

B. vStorer, Joseph F. Gilbert, Gov. Sidney Edgerton, Joshua C. 
Berry, Edward \V. Perrin, Richard S. Elkin.s, Dr. Joseph Stanton, 
Samuel A. Lane, Judge Nathaniel W. Gdodhue, Jacob Snj^der, 
Judge Constant Br3'an, Charles B. Bernard, Ansel Miller, William 

C. Allen, Dr. Elias L. Munger, Rev. Samuel Williams, Dr. William 
Bowen, Houston Sisler, Capt. (rilbert S. Carpenter, Dr. Israel 
E. Carter, Milton W. Henrj-, Hiram Viele, Rev. Robert Koehler, 
Judge Roland O. Hammond, Edward Oviatt, Judge Stephen H. 
Pitkin, Arad Kent, Gen. Alvin C. Voris, Alvin Rice, Col. Arthur L. 
Conger, Andre\v Jackson, Hon. George W. Crouse, Col. George T. 
Perliins, Lewis Miller, John F. Seiberling, Judge Newell D. 
Tibbals, George Tod Ford, Dr. J. K. Holloway, Henrj" Young, John 
>1. Kirn, Adam Bahl, Levi S. Herrold, Lewis Creveling, Dr. Mendal 
Jewett, Dr. W. P Morrison, John Johnston, Josiah Miller, George 
C. Berry, Dr. Thomas McEbright, Fred Kuhlke, Frank Adams, 
Joseph A. Baldwin, David Butler, Dr. William C. Jacobs, Sanford 
M. Burnham, Paul E. Werner, Edward W. W^'iese, Noah N. 
Leohner, William ]>L Heffelman, James W Stuver, Martin J. 
Housel, William B. Raymond, Andrew M. Armstrong, Horace G. 
Griffin, Frank W. Rockwell, Hiram H. Foltz, Frederick Bishop, 
Isaac C. Alden, Frank L. Danforth, Judge Charles R. Grant, Frank 
M. Atterholt, Reginald H. Wright, Dr. J. \V. Lyder, Col. David W. 
Thomas, William H. Evans, Christian Vogt, Louis Seybold, Dr. 
Louis S. Sweitzer, Albert H. Sargent, John T. Sell, William 
Rothrock, Frank G. Stipe, Charles H. Cleveland, George G. Allen, 
Chester F. Lamb, Angelo Andrew, John McGregor, James V. 
Welch, Arthur J. Weeks, F. Joseph Koeberle, Edwin F. Voris, 



Joseph Cook, Amos J. White, Alfred W. Hall, Walter A. Folger, 
Louis Lauman, James A. Swinehart. 

Presidents: Following is as full a list of Presidents of the Board 
and 5'ears of service in that office, as can now be compiled: Lucius 
V. Bierce, 1847, 1848, 1852, 1853, 1854; James S. Carpenter, 1849, 1850; 
Daniel R. Tilden (probab^^ 1851; Dr. Elias W. Howard, 1855, 1856, 
1857; Constant Bryan (probably) 1858; Rev. S. Williams, 1859, 1860, 
1861; Charles B. Bernard, 1862, 1863; Milton W. Henry, 1864; Dr. 
Israel E. Carter, 1865; Judge Stephen H. Pitkin, 1866, 1867, 1868, 
1870; Dr. William Bowen, 1869; George W. Ci-ouse, 1871, 1872, 1877, 
1878, 1879; Lewis Miller, 1873, 1874, 1881, 1885, 1886; Dr. Thomas 
McEbright, 1875, 1876, 1880, 1884, 1887; Col. George T. Perkins, 
1882; Frank W. Rockwell, 1883, 1888; Albert H. Sargent, 1889, 1890; 
Edwin F. Voris, 1891. 

Treasurers: William H. Dewey, 1847, 1848; Harvey B. 
Spelman, 1849, 1850, 1851; Dr. Elias W. Howard, 1851, 1852; Sidney 
Edgerton, June, 1853 to Februarj', 1855; Richard S. Elkins, 
February, 1855 to April, 1855; Joseph Stanton, April, 1855, till 
death in August, 1855; Samuel A. Lane, August, 1855, till April, 
1S57; Charleys B. Bernard, 1857, 1859; Constant Bryan, 1858; 
Houston Sisler, 1860, 1861; Dr. Israel E. Carter, 1862, 1863, 1864; 
Milton W. Henry, 1865, 1866, 1867, 1869; Col. George T. Perkins, 
1870, 1871, 1872, 1873, 1874, 1877, 1878, 1879; William C. Allen, 1875, 
1876; William B. Raymond, 1880, 1881; Reginald H. Wright, 1883, 
1884, 1885, 1886; Frank W. Rockwell, 18S7; George G. Allen, 1888, 
1889, 1890; Arthur J. Weeks, 1S9]. 

Secretaries: Harvey B. Spelman, 1847, 1S4S; Dwight Newton, 
1849, 1850; Henry W. "Howe, 1851, 18.12, 18.")3, 18.54; Edward 
W. Perrin, 18.55, 18.56, 1857; William C. Allen, 18.58, 18.59, 1860; 
Hiram Viele, 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864; Charles B. Bernard, 1865; 
Edward Oviatt, 1866, 18(57; Alvin Rice, 18(i8; Arthur L. Conger, 
18(i9, 1870, 1871; George Tod Ford, 1872, 1873, 1874, 1875; George C. 
Berry, 1876, 1886, 1887, 1888, 1889, 1890, 1891; Paul E. Werner, 1877, 
1878 ■" Sanford M. Burnham, 1879, 1881; Edward W. Wiese, 1880; 
Frank M. Atterholt, 1882, 1883, 1884, 1885, 

In addition to Akron's munificent public school system, herein 
before described, separate parochial schools are maintained as 


St. Vincent de Paul's parish 
school was established in 1853, in 
a small frame building adjacent 
to the original church structure, 
on Green street. Since the com- 
pletion of the new stone church 
edifice, corner of West Market 
and Maple streets, the old frame 
church has been used for school 
purposes. There are at present 
three divisions, each in charge of 
a competent teacher, with a total 
pupilage of about 200. It is the 
intention of the society to erect a 
new and more commodious school 
building adjoining the church, on 
^'■I^nthii^^Istrellrm^^^^ Maple street, in the near future. 



St. Mary's division of this Church, erected on South Main 
street, near Bartges sti-eet, in 1887, a fine two-story brick building, 
30x62 feet in size, with chapel on the upper floor, and two school- 
rooms on the lower floor, with an average attendance of 110 schol- 
ars. The English language only is taught in these schools. Salary 
paid teachers $200 per year. 

St. Bernard's Catholic school 
was established in 1865, in the 
basement of the church, N. E. 
corner Broadway and Center 
streets, with about 35 scholars. 
In 1867, a small frame building 
was erected, east of the church, 
the lower story of which "was also 
used as a school room. In 1880, 
four school rooms were fitted up 
in the lo'wer story of the large 
addition then made to the church 
edifice, the number of scholars- 
having meantime increased to 
150. The present number is 370, 
and a fine new building on the 
southwest corner of Broadway 
and Center streets, of brick, 
72x100 feet in size, four stories 
high, and of imposing architect- 
ure, has just been completed. 
In the lower story, besides numer- 
ous other apartments devoted 
to the uses of the societj^, is a 
chapel 33x72 feet, and on the 

upper floor is an assembly hall the full size of the building. The 

second and third floors, besides proper halls, closets, etc., contaiir 

eight spacious rooms; with accommodations for 100 scholars each. 

The cost of the building with 

necessary fixtures, furniture, etc., 

"was about $35,000, exclusive of 

the real estate, the consideration 

for which was $9,000. Both 

English and German instruction 

is given in the schools of this 

society. Compensation to teach- 
ers $200 per year each. 

The German Zion's Lutheran 

society also maintains a parish 

school in a ne^sv two-story brick 

building standing in the rear of 

the society's handsome brick 

church, corner of South High 

and Quarry streets. There are 

at present 225 scholars, in three 

classes, the first taught by Mr. 

William M. Spuhler, the second 

by Miss Emma Lothman, and the third by Rev. Theodore Huegli, 

both German and English being taught. Salary of teachers, $600,. 

St. Bernard Parochial School, corner 

South Broadway and East Center 


German Lutheran Parochial Scliool, 
Quarry street, Second Ward. 



$400 and $300 per 3'ear, respectively. After confirmation, at the 
age of 13 or 14 years, pupils are permitted to attend the pubhc 
schools of the citj-. Present school directors, George Single and 
Henrj' Runge. 

Buchtel College, named in honor of principal contributor to building 
and endowment funds, Hon. John R. Buchtel, of Akron- 
Erected in 1871-2. 


This institution is the crowning educational glory of Akron, 
and, indeed, of Summit Countj^, since the ruthless spoliation of 
the venerated old Western Reserve College, at Hudson, and 
requires more than mere passing mention in this work. 
Though in no manner sectarian, the College was founded by, and 
is carried forward under the auspices of, the religious organization 
kno'W'n as Universalist, and its history is, briefly, as follo'ws: 

At the annual Convention of the Universalist Church of the 
State of Ohio, in 1867, its Committee on Education submitted a 
report in favor of establishing, at some eligible point in the State, 
a seminary for the ediication of the youth of the State, to the 
privileges of which both sexes should be admitted on equal footing. 

The report -was favorablj'' received by the Convention, but no 
definite action was taken upon it at that session. At the session 
of 1868, Rev. Andrew Willson, of Kent, submitted a plan for the 
establishment of the contemplated school, which was adopted by 
the Convention, but no action was had forwards carrying it into 
effect. At the session of 1869, the Convention, by resolution, 
rescinded its former action, and authorized the board of trustees, 
and the committee on education to take the necessary steps for the 
establishment of a college, instead of an academj-, as at first con- 
templated. The board of trustees then consisted of Rev. John S. 
Cantwell, Rev. Andrew Willson, Rev. Henry L. Cantield, Rev. John 
W. Henley, and Oscar F. Haymaker; and the committee on educa- 
tion of Rev. Everett L. Rexford, Rev. Marion Crosley, and Rev. 
Benjamin F. Eaton. 

At a joint meeting of the board and committee, in November, 
186&, Rev. Henry F. Miller, then of Madison, Indiana, who had 
already greatly aided one or two similar institutions in that 



direction, was chosen as the Financial Secretary of the Convention, 
to soUcit funds for the erection of the necessary buildings, endow- 
ments, etc., of the proposed institution, which the Convention 
desired to present as Ohio's offering to the approaching Centennial 
anniversary of Universalism in America, the first Universalist 
Church in America being organized at Gloucester, Mass., by Kev. 
John Murray, in 1770. 


JOHN RICHARDS BUCHTEL,— son of John and Catharine (Richards) 
J Buchtel, was born in Green township, Januarj^ 18, 1820 ; education limited ; 
raised a fanner, working- land on shares, then buj'ing- twenty acres in Coven- 
try, and afterwards the 210 acre farm, since known as the Thornton farm, now 
a populous portion of the city of Akron; for several j'ears agent for Canton 
Buckeye Reaper and Mower Works, and largelj' instrumental in securing^the 
Aultman, Miller & Co. branch for Akron ; during the war, active in securing- 
enlistments, raising bount}' money, and averting the draft; largel}' promo- 
tive of many of the industrial enterprises of the city, including- blast fur- 
nace and extensive coal andiron mines in Athens County; Grant presidential 
elector, in 1872 ; Prohibition candidate for Secretarj' of State in 187i ; managing- 
trustee of Ohio Agricultural College for several j-ears. An ardent Univer- 
salist, while unstintedlj" liberal towards other denominations, his crowning- 
glory is his muuiiicence, ag-greg-ating nearlj^ a half a million dollars, 
toward the coUeg-e that bears his name, fully Avritten of elsewhere. Married 
January- 8, ISl-t, to Miss Elizabeth Davidson, never having- been blessed with 
children of their own, though both phjsically infirm for manj' years, Mr. and 
Mrs.Buchteljointlj' devoted the accumulation of their lives, for the benefit 
of the children of their neighbors and the general welfare. 

Mrs. Buchtel, — daughter of John Davidson, was born in Union County. 
Pa., August 25, 1821 ; removed to Ohio, with parents, in 1831, settling in 
Coventry ; after marriage sharing with her enterprising husband the labor 
of fotxnding for themselves a home and a fortiuie, and sharing equally with 
him the pleasure of dispensing, while living, the wealth thus jointly accumu- 
lated, in the founding of Buchtel College, and the promotion of the various 
other educational, moral and benevolent enterprises of the da^-. In June, 
1881, Mrs. Buchtel was stricken with paralysis ; b>it notwithstanding- her great 
infirmity, and its many deprivations, she was ever cheerful and helpful of 
her distinguished husband, who became similarly afflicted March 21, 1887, 
still retaining her interest in all of their joint enterprises and benefactions, 
to the last, her death (occurring Friday, Ma>- 22, 1891, at the age of 69 years, 8- 
months and 27 dajs. 



Mr. Miller entered upon his duties in January, 1870. Meantime 
a lively competition was in progress, between the inhabitants of 
several of the cities of the State, Akron among the rest. It was 
finally authoritatively announced that the location would be given 
to the city that would furnish a suitable site and subscribe $60,000 
to the funds of the College. 

To this proposal, the people of Akron and Summit County 
promptly responded, Mr. John R. Buchtel leading off with a 'sub- 
scription of $25,000 to the endowment fund and $6,000 to the 
building fund. Others followed with equal liberality, in proportion 
to their means, and on May 31, 1870, Financial Secretary Miller 
reported to the trustees and committee that the stipulated^ sum of 
$60,000 had been subscribed and the proper site secured by the 
people of Akron. 

AVERY SPICER,— eldest son of 
-^ Miner and Cj-nthia (Allen) Spicer; 
born at Groton, Ct., October 26, 1799 ; 
came with parents to Ohio in 1811, 
being- the first white settlers in Port- 
age township ; district school educa- 
tion ; raised a farmer ; at 21, worked 
for father two years at $7.00 per 
month ; in 1825, had charge of gang 
of hands on Ohio Canal, furnishing 
stone, timber, etc. for locks ; Septem- 
ber 3, 1826, was married to Miss Har- 
riet King, daughter of Joshua King, 
first white child born at Old Portage, 
(September 7, 1810); in 1837 purchased 
large farm in Coventry, *here he 
lived 20 years, moving to the original 
homestead, corner Spicer and Car- 
roll streets, in 1857, where he resided 
until his death. May 10, 1881. Mr. 
Spicer officiated for several years as 
trustee of Coventry townships, and 
for 15 years as director of County 
Infirmary, superintending- the erec- 
tion of present Infinnary buildings. 
Mr. and Mrs. Spicer were the parents 
of nine children — Isaac A., who died 
in California in 1850 ; C5^nthia, now 
Mrs. Geo. Coggshall, Akron ; Sarah C, 
late Mrs. John Newton, of Bvichanan, 
Mich.; Austin A., who died in Cov- 
entry, March 4, 1889; Harriet, now 


Mrs. J. T. Trowbridge, Akron ; Olive 
and Oliver, twins, who died in 
infancj', and Ella C, now Mrs. Charles 
Parmenter, Waltham, Mrs. 
Spicer, now in her 82d year, still 

This joint body then, by resolution, formally located the 
"Universalist Centenary School of Ohio," at Akron, and a certifi- 
cate of incorporation was duly filed, -with the folio-wing named 
corporators: Hon. John R. Buchtel, Rev. John S. Cantwell, Col. 
Geo. T. Perkins, Henry Blandy, Rev. George Messenger, Rev. 
Benjamin F. Eaton, Hon. Newell D. Tibbals, Rev. Jolin W. HenleJ^ 
Hon. Edwin P. Green, Oscar F. Haj^maker, Rev. Willard 
Spaulding, James Alexander Lantz and George Steese. 

The association, on organization, very appropriately took the 
name of "Buchtel College," in honor of its principal donor, and the 
institution was formally declared "to be under the control of the 
Ohio State Convention of l^niversalists." It was made the duty of 
the corporators to appoint a board of 18 trustees, five of whoin were 
to be resident freeholders of Summit County, the first board 



appointed being as follows: John R. Buchtel, president; Henry 
Blandy, Philip Wieland, J. Dorsey Angier, Edwin P. Green and 
George T. Perkins, for three years each: Kev. Henry L. Canfield, 
Rev. Everett L. Rexford, Gen. James Pierce, John F. Seiberling, 
Rev. John S. Cantwell and Newell D. Tibbals, for two years each, 
and Oscar F. Haj^maker, Sanford M. Burnham, secretary, John R. 
Cochrane, Charles Foster, Rev. George Messenger and Avery 
Spicer, for one j^ear each; George W. Crouse, not a member of the 
board, being appointed treasurer. 

in Tallmadge, November 23, 1832 ; 
in early boyhood removed with his 
parents to Green township ; gradu- 
ating from district school at 17, 
taught schools five j-ears ; 18^5 to 
1858, deputj^ in offices of Countj' Audi- 
tor and Treasurer ; 1858, at 25 5'ears 
of age^ elected Count}' Auditor, and 
re-elected in 1860 ; resigned in Febru- 
ary, 1863, to accept appointment of 
Treasurer to fill vacancy, serving to 
end of term, seven months ; 1863, took 
management of Akron branch of C. 
Aultman & Co.'s Buckeye mower and 
reaper business ; in 1865, on organi- 
zation of Aultman, Miller & Co., as a 
separate corporation, became secre- 
tary and treasurer, being now its 
president, besides being- pecuniarily 
and offlciallj' connected with a large 
number of other business and finan- 
cial enterprises in Akron and else- 
where. Republican in politics, Mr. 
Crouse has filled, besides those 
mentioned, the following civil offices: 
Countj' Commissioner, member and 
president Board of Education ; mem- 
ber and treasurer Board of Control 
Akron Public Library ; member and 
president Akron City Council ; State 
Senator and Member of Congress. 
Liberal, efficient and patriotic, Mr. 
Crouse served 100 days in defense of 
Washington, in 1861, and was largely' 
instrumental in securing the erection 
of our beautiful Soldiers' Memorial 
Chapel, besides contributing liber- 


ally in behalf of all the educational, 
religious and benevolent enterprises 
of the day. Married October 18, 1859, 
to Miss Martha K. Parsons, of Kent 
Thev have five children — Martha P., 
Julia M., Mary R., Nellie J., and 
George W., Jr. 

The site selected for the College is one of the most commanding 
in the citj-, fronting on Middlebury street, (now Buchtel Avenue), 
upon the north, and running through to Carroll street on the 
south. It is a part of the original farm occupied by Akron's 
first settler. Major Miner Spicer, in 1811 — Major Spicer himself 
being an ardent Universal! st, and a zealous member of the first 
society of that faith organized in Akron, in 1837 — the college edifice 
being visible from every portion of the cit}^ while the view from 
the top of its central tower is one of the most extensive and pic- 
turesque in the county. 

Ttae architect, Rev. Thomas W. Sillowa}^, of Boston, Mass., 
submitted plans for the College building, December 28, 1870, and 
a building committee of seven was appointed, as follows: Hon. 
John R. Buchtel, Avery Spicer, Col. George T. Perkins, Rev. Henry 



F. Miller and Geii. Alviii C. Voris, of Akron; Rev. George 
Messenger, of Springfield, and Mr. Henrj^ Blandy, of Zanesville. 

Noah A. Carter, of Akron, was made general superintendent; 
Samuel Snider and Lewis Wilhelm, of Akron, awarded the contract 
for stone work; John H. Waggoner, of Akron, superintendent of 
brick work, and Henry W. Howe, Esq., superintendent of grading. 

Ground was broken on the 15th day of March, 1871, and the 
work so vigorously prosecuted that the massive foundation and 
basement walls were completed, and the corner-stone of the super- 
structure v^ras laid on the Fourth of July, 1871, with the following 
imposing ceremonies: 

I in Gaysville, Windsor Co., Vt., 
March 10, 1828; educated in common 
schools and Bradford Academy; 
commenced studying law in Little- 
ton, X. H., coming to Akron in 1852 
and completing studies in office of 
Humphrey, Upson & Edgerton, being 
Admitted to the bar in September 
1853; October 1854 elected Clerk of 
Courts, holding the office until Feb- 
ruary 1861, then resuming his law 
practice; during the war was deputy 
provost marshal for Summit County, 
and menaber of Congressional Mili- 
tary Committee. Prosecuting Attor- 
ney X. D. Tibbals entering the ser- 
vice for 100 days, in 1864, Mr. Green 
w^as appointed prosecuting attorney 
ad interim; in 1883 was elected 
Judge of Common Pleas Court, to 
dBll the unexpired term of Judge Tib- 
bals, resigned, and re-elected for 
full term in 1885, ably filling the 
position until January 1, 1891, 
when he resigned and again resumed 
practice at the bar. Judge Green 
has always taken a lively interest in 
educational matters; for many j'ears 
serving as county and city school 
examiner; was active in establishing 
Akron Public Library, and a mem- 
ber of its board of control until 
elected Judge; was one of the incor- 
porators of Bvichtel College, serving 
as Trustee since its organization in 
1872; member of American Bar Asso- 
ciation, for man3' jears its member 


of General Council for Ohio, and in 
1889 elected its vice president for 
Ohio, also member of Ohio Bar 
Association of which he was made 
president in 1887. Judge Green was 
married to Miss Isabella M. Moore, 
of Littleton, N. H., December 31, 1855, 
who died March 13, 1869; was again 
married, to Miss Elizabeth A. Moore, 
sister of the first Mrs. G., April 25, 
1870, who has borne him three child- 
ren, Isabella M. and William A., now 
living, and Mar}' L., deceased. 

The Excelsior Gun Squad fired a salute of thirty guns at mid- 
night, and at sunrise the Buckeye Gun Squad awoke the morning 
echoes with thirty-seven guns. The procession was formed on 
Howard street by Chief Marshal Gen. Geo. W. McNeil, assisted by 
Herman F. Hahn, Paul Giffhorn and Thomas K. Perkins, on the 
part of the citizens, and by Dr. Thomas McEbright, Milton H. 
Hart and Ohio C. Barber, marshals, on the part of the Masonic 
Fraternity. ^ 

The procession formed in the following order: 1, Marshals 
and Assistants; 2, Babcock's Band; 3, Fire Department; 4, German 
Benevolent Society; 5, Order of United American Mechanics; 6, 
Coopers' Union; 7, Harmonie Society; 8, Turner Society; 9, 



Liedertafel Society; 10, Knights of Pythias; 11, Father Mathew 
Temperance Society; 12, Good Templars; 13. Sons of Temperance; 
14, Grand Army of the RepubHc and 29th O. V. V. I.; 15, I. O. 0. 
F.; 16, Marble's Band; 17, Masons; 18, Mayor, City Officers and 
Council; 19, Clergy; 20, Trustees and Officers of College; 21, 
Officers of the Day and invited and distinguished guests; 22, 

(^ EN. ALVIN COE VORIS,— eldest 
'^J son of Judge Peter Voris, born 
in Stark Co., April 27, 1827, in infancy 
moving- to Bath township; educated 
in Twinsburg Institute and Oberlin 
College; 1850 to 1852, deputy county 
clerk and acting probate judge; 
admitted to practice law June 20, 
1853 ; in partnership with Gen. L. 
V. Bierce till 1859; Sept. 25, 1853, 
married Miss Lydia Allyn, who bore 
him three children — Edwin F, (now 
practicing law in Akron,) Lucy, 
(now Mrs. Charles Baird) and Bessie 
C, (now Mrs. Will T. Sawyer); repre- 
sentative to State Legislature 1859 — 
1860; in September 1861. entered the 
army as Lieutenant Colonel of 67th 
Regiment. O. V. I., becoming its 
commanding office the following 
March; [the gallantry of this regi- 
ment and the terrible sufferings of 
its commander, from wounds 
received in battle, fully set forth 
elsewhere in this work]. Colonel 
Voris -was bra vetted Brigadier Gen- 
eral December 8, 1864, and a few 
months later Major General, "for 
distinguished services in the field." 
Since the war, with the exception of 
serving as a delegate to Constitu- 
tional Convention in 1873, the Gen- 
eral has devoted himself assiduously 
to his profession, with marked legal 


and financial success. November 4, 
1890, General Voris was elected Judge 
of Court of Common Pleas for the 
counties of Summit, Medina and 
Lorain for the the term of five years. 
The first Mrs. Voris dyin^ March 16, 
1876, the General was again married, 
to Mrs. Lizzie H. Keller February 21, 

The corner-stone, three feet square on its surface and two feet 
in thickness, bears, in oval form, the inscription: "Centenary of 
Universalism in America, 1870. This stone laid July 4, 1871, b}^ A. 
H. Newcomb, G. M. F. & A. M., A. L. 5871." In the cavity was 
placed a casket containing copies of the Star in the ]Vest, 
Universalist, Gospel Banner, Unirersalist Quarterlr, Ladies' 
Repositorj', Myrtle, Guiding Star, Universalist Register, Akron 
Dailj' Beacon, Akron Citr Times, New York Tribune, and the 
Ohio Universalist, published in Cleveland in 1838; also a history 
of the College enterprise, a list of its officers, architects, builders, 
etc.; a Bible; list of officers of the Grand Lodge of Ohio, and 
officers and members of Akron Lodge, No. 83, F. &c A. M., and 
by-la w.s of the Lodge; samples of American coin, etc. On the 
arrival of the procession at the building, the President of the Day, 
Henry Blandy, Esq., of Zanesville, introduced Rev. Everett L. 
Rexford, of Columbus, who offered a brief but fervent prayer, 
which was followed by "America," superbly rendered by Marble's 
Band, and the formal laying of the corner-stone by the officers of 



the Grand Lodge of Masons of Ohio, conducted bj^ Grand Master 
A. H. Newcomb. 

Among other musical exercises, a Glee Club, composed of W. 
Milton Clarke, Wilson G. Robinson, Dr. Byron S. Chase and Daniel 
R. Knight, sang an original song, of six twelve-line stanzas to the 
tune of "Yankee Doodle," of which the following is a sample 

"A Yankee Dutchman lived in town, 

And built niacliines for inowing, 
And reaping, too, i>o iie came down 

(To set tlae thing a-goingi 
With thirt>' thousand of tlie pelf, 

He'd earned by trade and labor; 
He said 'twiis good to help one's self. 

Better to help a neiglibor; 
In this wa>' Buchtel (that's his name) 

Was bound to scatter knowledge; 
He gave them stamijs, thev'll give him fame, 

They'll build him Buchtel CoUeije." 

-T — born in Celle, Hanover, March 
30, 1822 ; served 13 years (from 1.' to 28), 
as clerk in grocery and sugar refin- 
ery; in 1850 emigrated to United 
States, settling on a farm in Euclid, 
near Cleveland; in 1851 engaged 
in fancy goods trade in Akron; 
in 1852 embarked in grocery trade 
which he successfully followed 
ten years; in 1856 engaged in 
the manufacture of oat meal, pearl 
barley and other cereal products, 
enlarging and increasing- his luills, 
until now, notwithstanding his 
heavy losses by fire, as detailed 
elsewhere, his works are the most 
extensive and successful of their 
kind in the world. Besides his mill- 
ing interests Mr. Schumacher is 
pecuniarily and officially connected 
with many other manufacturing- 
enterprises. Liberal in his religious 
views, he is a generous contributor 
to all church organizations, the Uui- 
versalists being under especial obli- 
gations to him for their present 
church lot and fine house of worship. 
A pronounced Prohibitionist, he is 
one of the most zealous Temperaiice 
promoters in Ohio. Mr. Schumacher 
was married at Cleveland, October 7, 
1851, to his cousin. Miss Hermine 
Schumacher, of Bevern, Brunswick, 


Germany. Seven children have been 
born to them, five of whom are 
deceased, the two survivors, Louis 
and F. Adolph, ably assisting their 
enterprising- father in conducting 
the immense business of which he is 
the founder — the former as vice 
president and the latter as secretarj- 
of the F. Schumacher Milling Co. 


After a fev^r preliminary remarks, Mr. Greeeley, continuing, 
said: "Allow me now to sa}' a few words in reference to the edu- 
cation inculcated by our colleges at large. It is too superficial for 
the age. People do not grudge money for education, provided 
they know that they secure what they paj^ for, yet they fear that 
they are not no-w receiving in proportion to the expenditure. My 
objection to college courses is, that while there has been advance- 
ment of the -world, in every department of human industry, there 
has not been a corresponding stride in the curriculum of college 
studies. I insist that our average course tends directly to drive 



men into three pursuits or professions, which, however honorable, 
do not comprise the great professions which labor for the general 
good of mankind; and I hope to see the day when there will be a 
reform; when this college shall graduate a great and glorious 
body of young and earnest men in engineering, science, and a 
hundred different pursuits where knowledge is of great benefit to 
human kind. I want the young men to be leaders in these hundred 
branches of industry, and would like to see it different from the 
present daj^ when the richest metal of the mind is sent abroad to 
be moulded and formed into shape to be practically applied to the 
science of the age." 

TOY H. PENDLETON, — born in 
J Litchfield County, Conn., Febru- 
ary 1, 1810 ; removing- with parents to 
Ohio in 1819, settling in Stow; reared 
to farm life, with limited educational 
opportunities ; at 20 entered store of 
Stow «fe Wetmores, at Cuyahoga Falls, 
as clerk, remaining with them about 
five 3'ears, part of the time traveling 
through Ohio selling their papers 
and other goods ; in 1835, in company 
with brother, opened a general store 
in Brunswick, Medina County, a year 
later removing the business to 
Franklin Mills (now Kent), about 1840, 
engaging with B. F. Hopkins, in 
conducting flouring inill, saw mill, 
and woolen factorj', under the title 
of " Center Manufacturing Company," 
also carrying on a g-eneral merchan- 
dise store, continuing therein until 
about 1847. From 18.50 to 1860 Mr. P. 
-was eng-.aged in railroad construc- 
tion, with headquarters at Dayton 
and Cincinnati. Removing to Akron 
in 1866, aided in organizing the Sec- 
ond National Bank of Akron, becom- 
ing its vice-president, which position 
he retained until the death of presi- 
dent George D. Bates, July 25, 1887, 
when he was elected to the preai- 
dencj' of the bank, which position, 
yet hale and vigorous, in the82d5'ear 


of his age, he still retains. Mr Pen- 
dleton has been three tiiues married: 
in 1832 to Miss Julia Corp, who died 
July 5, 1833; in November, 1834, to 
Miss Sybil Fletcher, who died May 29, 
1841; September 13, 1842 to Miss 
Eunice M. Post, a native of Summit 
Counts', -n^ho still survives. They 
have one child, Nellie A. 

Mr. Greeley then spoke at length on "Human Conceptions of 
God as thev affect the Moral Education of our Race." We 
cannot here give the full text of the address, and no mere synopsis 
would do it justice. A few brief sample excerpts, therefore, must 
suffice: "There are those," said Mr. Greeley, "who talk sonorously, 
stridently, of Law — of the Law of Development or Progress — as 
though they had found in a word a ke3' which unlocks all the 
mysteries of creation. But I am not silenced by a word; I demand 
its meaning, and then seek to determine how far that meaning 
bridges the gulf which the word was intended to over-leap. To 
my apprehension. Law is the dictate of an intelligent will, or it is 
nothing. * * * What we affirm is that God is more than a 
blind, creative Energy, an inexorable Fate, a vitalizing, fructifying 
Principle. He is the conscious, loving Author and Governor of 
things. * * * Hence the higher education of our day — most 



wiseh' in purpose, not always in method — essays to base its insti- 
tutes and processes on religion, and to ground the character it 
seeks to form on the firm foundations of Christian Faith and Love, 
* * * This, then, I apprehend, is the proper work of the college: 
To appreciate and measure, and undistrustfully accept and 
commend the gigantic strides which physical science is making in 
our day, 5'et not be swept away by them; to welcome all that is 
true and beneficent in the impetuous currents of modern thought, 
but not to exaggerate their breadth and depth, nor accept their 
direction as authoritative or final; to proffer a genial and gracious 
hospitality to whatever is nobl3^ new, yet hold fast, and from time 
to time assert, that no discovery in science, no advances in human 
knowledge, can ever invalidate or belittle the Golden Rule, and no- 
conclusion of philosophy ever equal in importance that simple 
affirmation of the untaught Judean peasant, who long ago per- 
ceived and proclaimed that 'God is Love.'" 

^ son of Col. Simon and Grace 
Ingersoll (Tod) Perkins, was born in 
Akron, May 5, 1836; educated in 
Akron schools and at Marietta Col- 
lege ; April, 1861, enlisted as private 
in Nineteenth Regt. O. V. I. (three 
months), and as Second Lieutenant 
of Co. B., participating in the West 
Virginia canipaig-n ; in August, 1862, 
re-enlisted in the 105th O. V. I., becom- 
ing its major; commanded part of 
regiment in the sanguinary battle of 
Perrysville, Ky., October 8, 1862, two 
of his captains being- killed, four 
other officers wounded, 47 men killed 
and 212 w^ounded ; participated in 
the battles^ of Hoover's Gap, Cliicka- 
mauga, Chattanooga, Mission Ridge, 
Kenesa^v Mountain and the siege of 
Atlanta ; marched with Sherman 
from " Atlanta to the Sea; " promoted 
to Lieutenant Colonel July 16, 1863, 
to Colonel, February 18, "1864, and 
mustered out with regiment at Wash- 
ington, June 3, 1865 ; secretary of Tap- 
lin, Rice & Co. from 1867 to 1870 ; presi- 
dent of Bank of Akron, 1.S70 to 1876; 
cashier of same till consolidation 
with Second National Bank, in March, 
1888, and still acting in that capacity ; 
president of the B. F. Goodrich Com- 


pan J' and the Goodrich Hard Rubber 
Compan3' ; Married to Miss Mar}' F. 
Rawson, October 6, 1865; three chil- 
dren, one of whom, onlj-, is is now 
living — Mar3', married to Charles B. 
Raymond, of Akron, May 21, 1890. 

At the close of Mr. Greeley's address, Hon. John R. Buchtel 
was loudly called for, who responded in one his off-hand unreport- 
able speeches. Mr. Buchtel closed his remarks by feelingly 
thanking those vs^ho had contributed to the Institution, and said 
that he hoped, and trusted, and prayed, that those having children 
would educate them here, and pledged himself that the College 
should be an honor and pride to Aliron and the State — first-class 
in every respect. "We don't intend," said Mr. Buchtel, "to pull a 
shingle from off a single church, but vsrill unite in suppressing 
evil, and in building up the morals and character of the city." 

In the evening an immense reception -was given to Mr. 
Greeley, at Mr. Buchtel's residence, corner of East Market and 



Union streets. The trustees of the College were present in a body 
in behalf of whom, Edwin P. Green, Esq., thanked Mr. Greeley for 
his address and kindly interest in their enterprise. During the 
evening there were toasts and speeches as follows: "The City of 
Akron:" Response by Nathaniel W. Goodhue, Esq.; "The Common 
Schools of Akron:" Response by Newell D. Tibbals, Esq.; "The 
Cehtenary of Universalism in America:" Responded to by Mr. 
Greeley, at considerable length, defining the religious doctrines of 
the denomination, and his own reasons for adhering thereto, 
closing by bidding all to hope that, in the time to come, would 
acts be done in Love and Faith, as they were done \ehen John 
Murray first commenced to preach that faith in America in 1770. 
Other toasts: The "Bands of Akron:" Response, by J. Park 
Alexander; "Buchtel College:" Response by H. D. Persons, of 
Cambridge, Pa.; "The Relation of Common Schools to Higher 
Itistitutions of Learning:" Response bj' Dr. N. S. Townshend, of 

>^ D., of Scotch descent, was born 
in Marlboro, N. H., December 18, 
1826 ; ii'raduated as A. B. from Nor- 
wich Universitj' in 1851 ; taking" div- 
inity course at Harvard Univer- 
sity, was ordained to the Cliris- 
tian ministry in 18.54; was prin- 
cipal of Walpole Academj-two j-ears; 
?Ionnt CcEsar Seminary five years ; 
Westmoreland Vallej- Seminarj- 
tliree years ; Westbrook Seminary 
and Female Colleo'e eig'ht 3rears ; 
commissioner of New Hampshire 
public scliools and president Board 
of Education three jears, during- this 
time ]5reaching- Suudajs, org'anizing- 
a church ancl causing- a house of 
• worship to be erected at Swanzey, X. 
H., and also one on the g'rounds of 
the Westbrook (Xaine) Seminar3-. 
After a remarkably successful pas- 
torate over the Universalist Church, 
at Nashua, N. H., was in 1872 called 
to Akron as the first president of 
Buchtel College, which position he 
abl}- filled six years ; also organizing 
the Universalist Church in Akron 
and accei^tablj' filling' its pulpit two 
years. After leaving- the colleg'e he 
organized a strong- church at Bellows 
Falls, Vt., and three years later one 
at Dover, N. H., securing- the build- 
ing- of a fine edifice for each. ?lr. 
McCollester with his family has five 
times made the tour of Europe — in 
186(5, '69, '78, '86 and '89— visiting Italy, 
Greece, Palestine, Asia Minor, and 
many other countries, his last trip 
extending entirely around the world. 
He received his A. M. in course and 


liis D. D. from St. Lawrence Univer- 
sity ; is now domiciled at " Maple- 
side, " in his native town, preaching- 
Sunda}-s, lecturing- winters, and gen- 
erallj- engaged in literary work, 
being- the author of "After Thoughts 
in Foreign Lands and Capital 
Cities, " '" Round the World in Old 
and New Paths, " and other popular 
works, having- also represented his 
native town in the Leg-islature two 
years. Mr. McCollester was married 
to Miss Sophia F. Knig-ht at Dum- 
merston, Vt., in 1853. Of the four 
children born to them only one sur- 
^■ives— Rev. Lee S. McCollester, no-w 
pastor of the Universalist Church in 
Detroit, Mich. 

In response to loud and long repeated calls, Mr. Buchtel made 
a brief speech, thanking his friends and neighbors for their kind 
expressions for both himself and the College bearing his name. 



The institution was to be in no sense sectarian, and he was proud 
to think that it would not graduate Methodists, nor Baptists, nor 
Congregationalists, nor l^niversalists, but men and women too; 
and he was willing to sacrifice all he possessed — even his very life 
— for the success of the College. One end of the College was for 
gentlenien and the other end, just exactlj' like it, for ladies. He 
believed in educating all, without regard to sex or color. 


The building -was so rapidly proceeded with that it was first 
occupied in September, 1872, but little more than a year after the 
laying of the corner-stone, and within about three jj'ears from the 
first inception of the project. 

The services of Rev. Sullivan H. McCoUester, of New Hamp- 
shire, were secured as president of the College, with the follo"wing 
Faculty: Rev. S. H. McCollester, A. M., Professor of Mental and 
Moral Philosoph}^ ; Xehemiah White, Professor of Languages ; S. 
F. Peckham, A, M., Professor of Natural Science; Carl F. Kolbe, 
A. M., Professor of Modern Languages ; Miss Hattie F. Spaulding, 
L. A., Professor of Rhetoric and English Literature ; Alfred Welsh, 
A. B., Professor of Mathematics ; H. D. Persons, Professor in Nor- 
mal Department; Gustav. Sigel, Professor of Music; Miss Hattie 
L. Lowden, Teacher in English. One member of the oriniaal 
faculty, onU', Professor Kolbe, is now officially connected \\ ith the 

1-^ Ijorii in Harmonj', Chautauqua 
County. X. Y., April 21, 1S42, his 
father being- a Baptist minister ; 
fducated in Jamestown Academy 
and St. Lawrence I'niversity. at Can- 
ton, X. v., g-raduating- from the latter 
in 180ii : commenced his ministry in 
the First Universalist Church in 
Cincinnati in Septemljcr. isii,"), con- 
tinuing- three years ; was then jjastor 
of the Columbus U n i v e r a a 1 i vS t 
Church five \-ears ; in hs7i, after three 
months' trial (during- which the 
Columbus pulpit wa.s held open for 
his return, should he elect to do so), 
he assumed the pastorate of the 
Universalist Cliurch in San Fran- 
cisco, Cal., where he remained tmtil 
called to the presidency of Buchtel 
College in 1S7S, wliich responsible 
position he ablj' filled two jears, also 
officiating as pastor of the First 
Universalist Church of Akron, both 
of which positions he resigned to 
accept the pastorate of the newlj^ 
formed Universalist C h ti r c h of 
Detroit, Mich., where he remained 
eight \-ears, resigning to become the 
pastor of a Universalist society in 
Boston, Mass., where he still remains. 
The honorary degree of D. D. was 


conferred ujion him \'i\ Buchtel Col- 
lege in 1871. October ,1,1865, Mr. Rex- 
ford was married to Miss Julia 
Georg-e, daughter of the late Isaac 
George, of Dunkirlv, X. Y., who bore 
him one daughter, Mari,- Elizabeth, 
his second marriage being- with Miss 
Ainanda Pleasant, daughter of 
Daniel G. Pleasant, of Bowlixig- 
Green, Kj-. 

During the first 3'ear there were seven students in the classical 
course — six of whom were designated as Freshmen and one Jun- 
ior, all entering for the regular course of four years. For the 



Philosophical course of two years there were 39 students, and for 
the Academical course, 171 — total 217, of whom 98 yfere ladies, 119 
were gentlemen. It will thus be seen that from the start the sexes 
fairly balanced each other in the race for knowledge, which con- 
dition has been substantially maintained to the present time, the 
catalogue for 1890-91 listing 130 gentlemen and 143 ladies — 273 
students in all, and experience has demonstrated that the founders 
of the College acted wisely in providing for the co-education of the 
sexes on equal terms. 

Dr. McCoUester tendered his resignation as president in June, 
1877, but its acceptance was declined by the Board of Trustees 
until June, 1878, when he was succeeded by Dr. Everett L.. Rex- 
ford, a graduate of the Theological School of St. Lawrence Univer- 
sity, at Canton, Ne'w York, and a preacher of considerable emi- 
nence. Dr. Rexford, besides ably filling the presidential chair of 
the College for two years, also officiated as pastor of the Univer- 
salist Church of Akron, resigning both positions, in 1880, to assume 
the pastorate of a new Universalist parish in Detroit, Mich., being 
no'w pastor of a Universalist Church in Boston, Mass. 

Dr. Rexford's successor was Rev. Orello Cone, A. M., D. D., for 
fifteen j^ears Professor of Bibilical Languages and Literature of 
St. Lawrence University, at Canton, N. Y., who assumed the presi- 
dency of the College in 1880, his administration, during his eleven 
years incumbencj^, having been deservedlj' popular and successful. 

-I-^ born in Lincklaen, Chenango 
Count}-, N. Y., November 16, ISS.'S ; 
taught in public schools, securing 
an education by his own exertions 
and earuing'S ; in 18.18 engaged as 
teacher in St. Paul's Episcopal Col- 
lege, at Palmyra, Mo., remaining- 
three 3'ears ; soon after entered the 
Universalist ministry, preaching two 
years in Little Falls, N. Y. ; in 1865 
was elected to the Chair of Biblical 
Languages and Literature in the 
Theological School at Canton, N. Y., 
where he remained until called to the 
presidenc}' of Buchtel College in 
Akron in 1880, which position, after 
eleven 3'ears of eminentl}^ satisfac- 
torj'- service, he still occupies. In 
addition to his college duties. Dr. 
Cone has done considerable literarj- 
work, having written nianj' articles 
for reviews, a volume on " Salva- 
tion, " published in 1889, his latest 
and most important work being 
" Gospel Criticism and Historical 
Christianitjr, " issued from the press 
of G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York, in 
April, 1891. Dr. Cone was married to 
Miss Mariamne N. Pepper, at Little 
Falls, N. Y., October 3, 1864, who has 

KEV. ORELLO C(«E, n. D. , 

borne him two children — Edwin F., 
born October 4, 1867, now studying 
chemisti-jf in Case School, Cleveland, 
after being graduated fi-oin Buchtel 
College, and Wm. Channing, who 
died in childhood. 


We have not the space to name all of the professors and 
teachers who have officiated in the several departments and classes 
of the College during the nineteen years of its existence, but it 

OFFICIAL ROSTER FOR 1891-'92. tfil 

may be said, generally, that each and all have done well. The 
present roster, for 1891-92, is as follows: 

Rev. Orello Cone, D. D., President, Messenger-Professor of 
Mental and Moral Philosophy ; Charles M. Knight, A. M., Buchtel- 
Professor of Physics and Chemistry; Carl F. Kolbe, A. M., Ph. 
D., Hilton-Professor of Modern Languages ; William L). Shipman, 
A. M., Professor of Greek Language and Literature and Philolog- 
ical Science ; Charles C. Bates, A. M., Professor of Latin Lan- 
guage and Literature and Secretary of Faculty ; Edward W. Clay- 
pole, B. A., D. Sc. (Lond.), F. G. S. S. L. & A., Professor of Natural 
Science ; Mary B. Jewett, A. B., Pierce-Professor of English Lit- 
erature and Logic ; Hermas V. Egbert, A. M., Ainsworth-Pro- 
fessor of Mathematics and Astronomy ; Willard H. Van Orman, 
Adjunct-Professor of Mathematics; Judge Charles R. Grant, 
Instructor in Law ; Dr. A. L. Butterfield, Ryder-Professor of 
Elocution and Rhetoric ; Jennie Gifford, A. M., Principal of Pre- 
paratory Department and Teacher of Science and School Manage- 
m.ent ; Dora E. Merrill, Instructor in English History and Teacher 
in Normal Work ; Mary E. Stockman, L. A., Teacher in English 
and Latin ; Martha A. Bortle, Teacher in English and Rhetorical 
Work ; Edwin L. Findley, A. B., Teacher in Greek and Latin ; 
Ernest Danglade, B. S., Assistant in Chemistry ; Mattie Fiery, 
Teacher of Piano and Theory ; Louise Von Feilitzsch, Teacher of 
Vocal Music ; Gustav Sigel, Teacher of Violin, 'Cello and Zither ; 
Miss Minnie Fuller, Teacher of Painting and Drawing. Gymna- 
sium OFFICERS: Albert A. Kohler, A.B. M. D., Director and Exam- 
iner for Men; Katharine Kurt, M. D., Examiner for Women; Agnes 
Claypole, Instructor for Women; Albert Hoover, M. D., Oculist. 

Board of Trustees: Hon. John R. Buchtel, Akron; Judge 
Edwin P- Green, Akron; Col. George T. Perkins, Akron; Albert B. 
Tinker, Akron; Jonas J. Pierce, Sharpsville, Pa.; Hon. Sanford M.. 
Burnham, Akron; Judge Alvin C. Voris, Akron; William H. Slade, 
Columbus; Joy H. Pendleton, Akron; Arthur A. Stearns, A. M., 
Cleveland; John B\ Eddy, Bay City, Mich.; Hon. Geo. W. Grouse, 
Akron; Rev. J. F. Rice, Coe Ridge; Judge Newell D. Tibbals, 
Akron; Ferdinand Schumacher, Akron; Rev. Andrew Willson, 
Ravenna; Joseph Hidy, Jr., Ph. B., Washington C. H.; Dayton A. 
Doyle, A. B., LL. B., Akron. 

Officers of the Board: Hon. John R. Buchtel, President; 
Charles R. Olin, Secretary; Joy H. Pendleton, Treasurer. Execu- 
tive committee: Hon. John R. Buchtel, Col. George T. Perkins, 
Albert B. Tinker, Ferd. Schumacher and Joy H. Pendleton. Com- 
mittee ON INSTRUCTION: Judge Newell D. Tibbals, Judge Alvin C. 
Voris, Hon. S. M. Burnham. 


At the opening of the College, two courses of study were 
established — philosophical and classical. To these has since been 
added a scientific course, and the College now gives instruction in 
three courses of four years each — a classical course leading to the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts; a philosophical course to Bachelor of 
Philosophy, and a scientific course to Bachelor of Science. 

' In connection with the College there has been established and 
maintained a preparatory school, havingcourses of study arranged 




with particular reference to the preparation of sludents for enter- 
ing this college, but at the same time so general that students 
completing a course in the preparatory school may enter other col- 
leges, should they prefer to do so. 


The Department of Music affords superior advantages for the 
study of both vocal and instrumental music; the Department of 
Art gives to students every advantage found in the larger Art 
Schools of the country; Mathematical Instruments, Philosophical 
and Chemical apparatus. Astronomical appliances, etc., are of the 
very best; while the CoUegemuseum contains a fair collection of 
animal and mineral specimens and curios, and the College Library 
and Reading Room, a well-selected collection of books, and a large 
variety of the current periodicals of the day. 

Crouse Gynma^iuiTi — named in honor of principal contrib- 
utor to building fund — Hon. George w . Crouse, of 
Akron — Erected in 1888. 


Largely through the liberality of Hon. Geo. W. Crouse, a fine 
structure, 53x100 feet in size, and of elegant design, has been 
placed upon the college grounds, a short distance westerly from 
the main building, at a cost of $22,000, In the basement is a 
bowling-alley, with bathing rooms, dressing rooms, etc., and on the 
main floor, besides rooms for the instructors, is a hall 48x84 feet, 
with a gallery 11 feet above the floor for the accommodation of 
such visitors as are, in the discretion of the instructor, permitted 
to witness the exercises, — the gymnasium, with its thorough equip- 
ment, affording abundant means for the healthful exercise and 
muscular development of the students. 

The two buildings, including the rooms of the students, are 
heated by steam and lighted by gas generated upon the premises, 
and the College has a well-equipped kitchen and dining hall for 



those who desire to board upon the premises, besides furnishing 
tacihties for the organization of boarding clubs for the conven- 
ience of such students as wish to avail themselves of that 
comparatively inexpensive mode of subsistence. 

^-J ill Geiiessee Couiit)^, N. Y., Janu- 
ary 28, 1824; coiiiinoti school and 
academic education; in ISii taught 
school in Madison, Lake Count}', 
Ohio; then took a course of commer- 
cial study in Buffalo, afterwards, for 
a time, teaching- penmanshijD; in 1848 
settled in Akron, clerking- in ware- 
house of Rattle & Tappan on Ohio 
Canal, and in iron store of Mr. Tap- 
pan and his successor until 18.o,'); 
-then engaged with Austin Powder 
Companj' as book-keeper for two 
years, also for a time a book-keeper 
at Franklin Mills (now Kent); in 1858, 
engaged as Deputy Auditor, for 
Auditor George W, Crouse, also 
deputj- for Treasurer S. S. Wilson, 
serving in both nearly four j'ears; in 
February 1863 was appointed Audi- 
tor to fill vacanc3', two weeks later 
becoming Auditor in fact by virtue 
of his election thereto the previous 
October. After nearlj^ nine j^ears 
continuous service — four terms and 
a fraction — as Auditor, in 1872 Mr. 
B. -was elected as Representative to 
the State Legislature, ably serving 
■one full terni of two jears; on his 
return was made secretary and a 
member of the Board of Trustees of 
Buchtel College; in 1873 was elected 
a director and aecretai-y of the Web- 
.ster. Camp & Lane Machine Coni- 


pany, holding- the position 1-t years; 
and is now engag-ed in the insur- 
ance business. Mr. B. was married 
November 5, 1848, to Miss Anna M. 
Row, of Medina Count)', who has 
borne him six children, three onljr of 
whom are living — Lillie M, (now Mrs. 
A. T. Saunders); Charles S. and Clif- 
ford D, the latter now residing in 
Grand Rapids, Michigan. 


By means of its fifty endowed scholarships, of $1,000 each, the 
college is enabled to extend its advantages to such -worthy students 
as are in need of financial aid, in securing a liberal education; has 
five endowed professorships; an endowed fund of $5,385, the 
income from which is annually distributed for prizes for excel- 
lence in reading, recitation, etc., and an alumni prize fund for the 
payment of tuition fees for the student making the highest 
average record in the Senior, Preparatory and Freshman classes. 

The endowed professorships are as follows: The Messenger 
Professorship of Mental and Moral Philosophy, by Mrs. Lydia A. 
E. Messenger, of Akron, in honor of her deceased husband. Rev. 
Oeorge Messenger, $25,000; The Hilton Professorship of Modern 
Languages, by John Hilton, of Akron, $25,000; The Pierce Profess- 
orship of Rhetoric and English Literature, by Mrs. Chloe Pierce, 
of Sharpsville, Pa., $20,000; The Buchtel Professorship of Physics 
and Chemistry, by Mrs. Elizabeth Buchtel, of Akron, $20,000; The 
Ainsworth Professorship of Mathematics and Astronomy, by 
Henry Ainsworth, of Lodi, $30,000; The Ryder Professorship of 
Elocution and Rhetoric, by William H. Ryder, of Chicago, $35,385; 



The Messenger Fund of $30,000, by Mrs. Lydia A. E. Messenger, of 
Akron; The Isaac and Lovina Kelly Fund of $35,788, by Isaac 
Kelley, of Mill Village, Pa. A Theological Department is also in 
contemplation towards the endowment of which the sum of 
$10,000 has already been contributed. 

born in JDeerfield, Portage 
.County, September 18, 1833; grad- 
uated from McLain Acaden:y, at 
Salem, in 1853; read law in office of 
Otis & Wolcott, in Akron; admitted 
to bar September 1855, at once open- 
ing an office in Akron; in 1860 elected 
Prosecuting Attorney and re-elected 
in 1862; in 1865 elected Akron's first 
City Solicitor, serving two terms; 
State Senator for Summit and Por- 
tage Counties 1865 to 1867; in 1870, 
aided in organizing Buchtel College, 
since continuously serving on its 
Board of Trustees; in 187o, elected 
Judge of Court of Coinmon Pleas, 
second subdivision. Fourth Judicial 
District, re-elected in 1880, but 
resigned May 1, 1883, and resumed 
fiis law practice. In 1864, Judge Tib- 
bals served 117 days in front of 
Washington as fourth sergeant of 
Co. F., 164th, O. V. I.; on return from 
Washington, was elected Major of 
54th Battalion, O. N. G., and com- 
missioned by Gov. John Brough; in 
1886 was appointed Judge Advocate, 
Department of Ohio, G. A. R., by 
Commander A. L. Conger, and in 
1890 Aide-de-Canip to Commander-in- 
Chief Gen. Russell A. Alger. Octo- 
ber 22, 1856, Judge Tibbals was mar- 


ried to Miss Lucy A. Morse, of 
Akron, who has borne him seven 
children, five of w^hom are now liv- 
ing, —Martha A. (now Mrs. Wilson M. 
Day of Cleveland), Jessie A. (Mrs. Dr.. 
Albert Hoover, of Akron), Newell L.. 
Gertrude A., and Ralph Waldo. 

Besides his original munificent gift of $31,000, heretofore noted, 
Hon. John R. Buchtel has from time to time largely added to his 
benefactions, his last gift, at the annual commencement in June, 
1887, being $174,400, swelling the total amount of his donations to 
fully half a million dollars. Other benefactors have given liber- 
ally in sums ranging from $70,000 down, all of -whom will receive 
from the past and future beneficiaries of the college their due meed 
of praise and gratitude. 

The college has graduated 162 students, rrlany of whom are 
now actively interested in the welfare and prosperity of their alma 
mater. More than half the alumni are residents of Ohio, and are 
a very great help to the college; three of the graduates being now 
members of the faculty, and four others members of the board of 
trustees. The catalogue for 1890-91 embraces 273 students exclu- 
sive of art and music. 

The College is on a good financial basis, as shown by the sec- 
retary's report for 1891, as follows: 

Total Resources , $810,700.11 

Total Liabilities 217,018.32- 

Net Resources $593,681 .79- 



The present healthy condition of the college, financially and 
otherwise, and its promise for the future, is highly gratifying to 
its friends and patrons generally, and most of all to him who gave 
all he had to its establishment and maintenance, the large-hearted 
John Richards Buchtel, whose name it so proudly bears 

-•■ of Horace and Sophrotiia (Skin- 
ner) Tinker, was born in Mantua, 
Portag-e County, January 28. 1852; 
raised on farm, attending common 
school till 18, in 1870 enteruig Hiram 
Colleg-e, teaching- winters; in fall of 
1873 entered Buchtel College, gradu- 
ating- in June, 1876; taught school 
and worked on farm until November, 
1878, when he entered the law office 
of Green & Marvin, in Akron, gradu- 
ating from the Cincinnati Law 
School and admitted to the bar in 
June, 1883. In November, 1879, was 
elected Financial Secretary of Buch- 
tel College, which position, together 
with that of Law Instructor, as M. S. 
and LL. B., he held until his resig- 
nation in June, 1891, being also a 
member of the Board of Trustees and 
•of the Executive Committee, in addi- 
tion to his College duties continuing- 
his law practice at his office in the 
Arcade; also efficiently serving- as a 
member of the Akron Board of 
Health from 1885 to 1891, six years. 
December 2o, 1876, Prof. Tinker was 
married to Miss Georgia Olin, of 
Windsor, Ashtabula County, O., who 
Tias borne him seven children — Olin 
Dale, born February 19, 1878; Ger- 


trude Ella, born March 20, 1879; Frank 
Burke, born August 20, 1880; Soj)h- 
ronia Mary, born June 29. 1882 ; Ruby 
Georgia, born Septeinber 25, 1886, 
died November 11,1886; Abby, born 
June 8, 1888, and Donna Alberta, born 
June 6, 1890. 


The management of the College have in contemplation the 
addition of a science department, and the erection of a new and 
commodious building, to be fitted -with the most approved appa- 
ratus and appliances, at a cost of from $40,000 to $50,000, but the 
plans are not, at the closing of this chapter (August, 1891), suffi- 
ciently matured to give them in detail here. It may, however, be 
properlj' said that one donation to the project in the sum of $10,000 
has already been secured, and one or two similar offers condition- 
-ally made, so that it is confidently believed by the Board of Trustees 
and officers, that in the near future the full fruition of the project 
"will be realized. 


As the Fall term -was dra-wing to a close, on the approach of 
the holiday season for 1890-91, a terrible disaster came upon the 
College, bringing an appalling death to two of its most promising 
students, and terrible suffering and life-long injury to several oth- 
ers. The term had been highly successful, and all the sttidents 
were happy in anticipation of its auspicious close, and of the holi- 
day pleasures in store for thetn at their respective homes. 


About a dozen of the young ladies whose birth-days, respect- 
ively, occurred between the first of September and the first of 
December, resolved upon a joint celebration, and, by consent of the 
matron, the festivities were being held in Cary Hall, on the even- 
ing of Saturday, December 13, 1890, several ladies connected with 
the building, and a number of the other lady students being pres- 
ent. The young ladies in whose honor the party was being held 
were fantasticallyiarrayed in their night costumes, garlanded with 
'^eecy white cotton, with tall paper caps also trimmed with cotton, 
surmounted by a tassel, upon their heads. 

Thus arrayed, with one of their number at the piano, the other 
eleven ^vere merrily dancing around a pan of pop-corn, when the tas- 
sel upon the head-dress of Miss Aurelia Wirick, of Storm Lake, Iowa,, 
came in contact -with a burning gas jet, instantly igniting the highly 
inflammable cotton, and enveloping her person in flames. Before 
realizing -what had happened, the other girls -waltzing past her 
were also ablaze. 

Without attempting to describe the terrible panic which 
ensued, and the frantic efforts of the young ladies and their friends 
to relieve thein from their frightful peril, suffice it to say, that of 
the thirteen persons finally involved in the fearful holocaust, Miss 
May Emma Steves, of Clifton Springs, N. Y., after four hours of 
untold agony, found merciful relief in death, a little after midnight, 
^vhile Miss Lulu Myrtle Steigmej^er, of Attica, Ohio, lingered until 
quarter past five o'clock Sunday morning, -when she, too, passed 

The surviving sufferers -were: Mary Elizabeth Baker, of 
Johnson's Creek, N. Y. ; Myrtle Barker, of Peru, Ohio; Eva Ellen 
Dean, of Sform Lake, lo-wa; Aurelia Blair Wirick, of Storm Lake, 
Iowa; Dian May Haynes, of Clifton, Kansas; Addie Marion 
Buchtel, of Columbus, Kansas; Almira Reed Van Dusen, of Fair- 
play, Colorado; Dora E Merrill, Professor of English Histor3r, of 
Williamsport, Pa.; Mary Zuba West, of Marietta, Ohio; Estella 
Frances Musson, of Mogadore, and Wilbur Walter Acklej', Haga^ 
Ohio. The lives of several of these hung in the balance for several 
days, but they gradually recovered, though a number -will bear 
marks of the disaster upon their persons through life. 

This appalling calamity not only brought deep sorro-w to the 
friends of the sufferers, eliciting the depest sympathy from the 
entire community, but was especially .painful to the College 
authorities, lest thej^ should be charged with lack of discipline and 
a proper oversight of the young people entrusted to their care. 
There is, however, no room for censure of the authorities in con- 
nection with this sad affair. The College is not in any sense, a 
prison, and innocent pastimes, bj^ either sex, among themselves, 
may properly, on occasion, be permitted, and it is gratif3='ing to 
know that while the melancholy event is still sadh- remembered, 
by the friends of the institution, confidence in the administration 
of its affairs has remained unbroken, and its pupilage and influ- 
ence is increasing year by year. 

The writer has, in the preparation of this chapter, drawn 
largely upon the late Judge Bryan's sketch of the Akron schools, 
prepared for the Board of Education, in 1876, and is under special 
obligations to Superintendent Fraunfelter, ex-Superintendeut 
Samuel Findley, President Orello Cone, ex-Secretary Albert B. 



Tinker, and Secretary Charles R. Olin, for data furnished there- 
for, and in conclusion would say, that while the chapter itself is of 
considerable length, it is scarcely more than an outUne of Akron's 
educational history during the sixtj'-six years of its existence, 
though enough has been said to show, that in point of progress, 
Akron, for many years, took the lead, and is not now outranked 
by any cit)', large or small, in Ohio or elsewhere. 

DAYTON A. DOYLE.^son of Wil- 
liam B. and Harriet (S a g- e) 
Doyle, was born at Akron, Ohio, Sep- 
tember 27, 1856 ; educated in public 
schools of Summit Count3^ graduat- 
ing fi'om Akron High School June 
26, 1874, and from Buchtel College, 
with the degree of A. B., June 26, 
1878. He then read law in the office 
of Attorney-General Jacob A. Kohler 
one yea"r, afterwards attending lect- 
ures at Cincinnati baw School, from 
which he was graduated May 26,1880, 
with the degree of LL. B. ; was 
admitted to the Bar in the Supreme 
Court of Ohio, at Columbus, May 27, 
1880, and to practice in the United 
States Courts, at Cleveland, May 26, 
1882. On admission to the bar Mr. 
Dojde opened a law office in Akron, 
in 1885 forming a partnership with 
Frederick C. Bryan, Esq., which still 
continues. In April, 1885, Mr. Doyle 
■was elected City Solicitor for Akron, 
and re-elected in April, 1887, ably fill- 
ing that important office four years. 
April 23, 1884, Mr. Do5de was married 
to Miss Ida M. Westfall, of Akron. 


They have two children—Dayton A., 
Jr., and Julia M. 




From Akron's very beginning, her people, as evidenced by her 
splendid educational record already fully set forth, have always 
given special encouragement to literary and scientific enterprises. 

As early as 1834, the Legislature granted a charter to the 
"Akron Lyceum and Library Association," as follows: 

An Act to incorporate the Akron Lyceum and Library Association 
Company, in Akron, Portage County. 

Section I. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Ohio, 
that Seth Iredell, Justus Gale, Hiram Payne, William B. Mitchell, William 
E. Wright, Charles W. Howard, Lyman Green, William M. Dodge, Woolsey 
Wells, Erastus Torrey, David Allen, Reuben McMillan, EHakim Crosby and 
James W. Phillips, and their associates, together with such others as may 
be hereafter associated with them, be and are hereby constituted a body 
politic and corporate with perpetual succession, by the name and stjde of 
' The Akron L3'ceura and Library Association Company,' and by their cor- 
porate name may contract and be contracted with, sue and be .sued, plead 
and be impleaded, in all the courts of law and equity' in this State, or elsewhere; 
may have a common seal and alter the saine at pleasure; shall be capable 
of holding personal and real estate, bj- purchase, gift or devise, and inay 
sell, dispose of and convej' the same, provided the annual income shall not 
exceed live hundred dollars ; they shall have power to form and ratif3' a 
constitution and adopt b3^-laws for the government of such Association, the 
arrangement and regulation of its fiscal affairs, the admission of its inein- 
bers and the appointment of its officers, together with all other powers 
necessarj- for its corporate existence, and the proper and efficient manage- 
ment of its concerns ; provided said constitution and bj^-laws be not incon- 
sistent with the laws of this State and of the United States; anA provided, 
also, that the fund.s of said Association shall not be applied to anj- other 
purpose than the support of the above named Ljxeum and Librarj' 

Section II. That any future Legislature may alter, amend or repeal 
this Act. 

John H. Keith, 
Speaker of the House of Representatives. 
David T. Disney, 
Passed February 21, 183-t. Speaker of the Senate. 

Besides those named in the charter, such other early citizens as 
Capt. Richard Howe, Alvin Austin, Samuel A. Wheeler, Philo 
Chamberlin, Jedediah D. Commins, Nathan B. Dodge, Dr. Joseph 
Cole, Eber Blodgett, Jonathan Myers, Ansel Miller, Robert K. 



BuBois, Gibbons J. Ackley, Alfred K. Townsend, John H. Cleveland, 
Ithiel Mills, Paris Talhnan, Arad Kent, Horace K. Smith, and 
others, became members of the Association b3' the purchase of 
stock, which was fixed at $25 per share, quite a respectable library 
ot books, bj' donation and purchase, being collected. 

During the long Winter evenings, weekly meetings were held 
for the purpose of listening to addresses from members and others, 
and of discussing the "burning" questions of the day: "Is the 
human mind capable of improvement?" "Ought a Representa- 
tive to be bound by the instructions of a majority of his constitu- 
ents?" "Ought females to be permitted to vote at elections?" 
"Ought capital punishment to be abolished ?" etc. 

ALLEN HIBBARD,— born in 
-'^ Amherst, Mass., September 17, 
1813; came to Akron from Rome, N. 
Y., in 1834, with Mr. William E. 
Wrig-ht, one of the pioneer merchants 
of North Akron, a few years later 
clerking- for Ackley & Austin, and 
still later in partnership with Gib- 
bons J. Ackley, and Joseph E. Wese- 
ner, under the firm name of A. Hib- 
bard & Co., doing- an extensive gen- 
eral merchandising business, in the 
well remembered "Old Green Store" 
on Howard street. On closing his 
mercantile operations, Mr. Hibbard 
was for several j-ears book-keeper of 
the Webster, Camp & Lane Machine 
Company, and later, for nearly 20 
years, and until his death, collector 
for the Akron Gas Company. Au- 
gust 22, 1841, he was married to Miss 
Lucj' Ann Ackle}', of Akron, who 
bore him one son — Dwight A. Hib- 
bard, of the jewelrj- firm of J. B. 
Storer & Co. Mrs. Hibbard dying- 
October 11. 1843. Mr. Hibbaid was 
again married, November 4, 1844, to 
3Iiss Nancj' J. Ackley, sister of the 
first Mrs. H., who bore him four 
children — Frank Jewett and Thomas 
Allen, deceased; William Grant, now 
a farmer in Kansas, and Charles M., 
now a jeweler in Akron. Mr. Hib- 
bard wa.s a life-long consistent niem- 

ALLEN hib:;aki). 

ber of the Congreg-ational Church; 
member of Villag-e Council 1846, '47 
and 1864, and Recorder for 1859. He 
died March 6, 1889, aged 75 years,. 5 
months and 19 daj's. The last Mrs. 
H. still .survives. 

These discussions were spirited, and considerable tact and tal- 
ent displayed, not only by the regularly appointed disputants, but 
by others, while the essays and addresses, bj^ home talent, were 
often able and instructive. This Association maintained a fairly 
prosperous exigence for about ten years, when, by reason of deaths, 
removals and the advent of other sources of amusement and 
social pastime, it was disbanded, its books being sold at auction in 
November, 1844, and the proceeds distributed pro rata, among the 


In the Winter of 1886-37, the younger business men of Akron 
established a literary and oratorical society, under the above rather 
stilted title, suggested by some one who had perhaps officiated as 



janitor in some eastern college. In addition to its rhetorical and 
declamatory exploits, and its profound disquisitions and essays 
upon political, scientific and metaphysical topics, the society dur- 
ing the Winter months, maintained a literary weekly (manuscript) 
periodical, entitled the "Akron Mirror," spicy contributions to 
which, from both male and female members, together with edi- 
torial comments, were read by the editor for the time being- 
elected monthly—the honors of which position were about equally 
divided between the writer and the late Hiram Bowen, founder of 
the Beacon. 

TAMES B. TAPLIN,— born in Clare- 
J raont, N. H., August 12, 1812; at 

5 years of age moved with parents to 
New Haven, Vermont, and three 
years later to Franklin County, N. 
Y.; in boyhood worked on farm and 
attended school, the last six months 
at Franklin Academj', in Malone, N. 
Y.; at 20 learned trade of carpenter 
and millwright; in fall of 1834 came 
to Akron, Ohio, by canal and on foot, 
following carpentering and mill- 
wrighting until 1848, when in com- 
pany with Geo. D. Bates and Charles 
Webster he started the Globe" 
Foundry and Machine shop, under 
the firm name of G. D. Bates & Co. 
Mr. Bates retiring two or three years 
later, business was continued by 
Webster & Taplin, with some slight 
changes, until the works were 
destroyed by fire in 1860, when Mr. 
Taplin retired and in connection 
with Alvin Rice and Hobart Ford, 
under the firm name of Taplin, Rice 

6 Co., established new works on 
South Broadway, a stock company, 
under the same title, being organ- 
ized in 1867, with Mr. Taplin as presi- 
dent and manager, which position 
he still holds. In October, 1839, Mr. 
Taplin was married to Miss Rachel 
Grandy, of Port Byron, N. Y., who 
had for some time been a teacher in 
Akron schools. Six children were 
born to them, two dying in infancy, 
one, James F., at seven years of age; 
the sur^'ivors being John L., for 


many years superintendent of 
machine works of Taplin, Rice & Co., 
now^ superintendent of Circleville 
branch of the Portage Strawboard 
Works; Charles G., book-keeper for 
Standard Oil Company, of Cleveland;: 
and Ella G., who is still at home. In 
religion Mr. Taplin is a Congrega- 
tionalist; in politics a Republican, 
being elected Councilman of the 
Incorporated Village of Akron in 
April, 1855, but resigning the posi- 
tion before entering upon its duties. 

Besides the writer and Mr. Bowen, members of the organiza- 
tion are recalled as follows: Allen Hibbard, Dr. James R. Miltimorer 
James B. Taplin, William H. Dewey, Henry Clay Crosby, Russell 
Gale, Grove N. Abbey, Henry Converse, Solomon Cbloney, Francis 
Dexter, Nahum Fay, William Pitt Carpender, John Tooker, Milo 
Fuller, Samuel Manning, etc. 

The "Philo Lexion Society," had an existence, under that dis- 
tinctive appellation, of only four or five years, though in some 
form, debating and literary societies, maintained by home talent, 
long continued in vogue during the Winter months — often eliciting 
intense interest, and attracting large audiences, in Military Hall-, 
Tappan Hall, Trussell Hall, etc., one of the most successful of 
which, from ISS.^ to 1861, was 



-•- -*■ HUE,— born in Lincoln County, 
Me., December 20, 1818; from 3 to 17 
years lived with parents in Lower 
Canada ; in 1837 removed to Wavne 
County. Ohio, teaching; school Win- 
ters and peddling- "Summers ; in 
Summer of lS+0 tavight in Green s- 
bnro-, Summit County, and the next 
Winter in Greentowij", Stark County, 
Hon. Lewis Miller being one of his 
pupils ; in 1841 clerked for Johnston 
& Irs-in, in Middleburv, and after- 
wards for Kent & Co.; taught school 
in Middleburj', in Winter of 184,5, '46, 
studying law in -office of Hand & 
Nash ; was engrossing clerk of House 
of Representatives at Columbus in 
Winter of 1846, '47 ; admitted to bar in 
1847 ; elected County Auditor in 1848 
and re-elected in 18.50, holding the 
office four years ; was canal collector 
from 18o6 to 1858; collector of inter- 
nal revenue for Summit County from 
September 1862 to September 1866 ; 
State Senator for Summit and Port- 
age district, 1873-75; Republican 
elector for 18th congressional dis- 
trict in 1880 and president of O:;:o 
Electoral College ; was elected Pro- 
bate Judge of Summit Count}- in 
October, 1881, ably filling that posi- 
tion vintil his death, September 12, 
1883, aged 64 years, 8 months and 22 
days. Judge Goodhue was married 
to Miss Nancy Johnston, of Green 


township, December 20, 1841, who 
bore him four children — James P., 
died in infancy ; Allan J., a member 
of the 104th O'. V. I. during the late 
war, now residing in Cleveland ; 
Mary H., wife of ftev. Samuel Max- 
well, of the Protestant Episcopal 
church, and Nathaniel P., from 1882 
to 1891 Deputy Clerk in office of 
Probate Judge and now Clerk of 
Courts for Summit Count}-, 


This society was composed of such men as Nathaniel W. 
Goodhue, Charles 13. Bernard, Newell D. Tibbals, Dudley C. Carr, 
Daniel B. Hadley, Edward Oviatt, Edwin P. Green, William H. 
Upson, David L. King, Wilbur F. Sanders, Henry Ward IngersoU, 
Samuel C. Williamson, Arthur F. Bartges, John J. Hall, Augustus 
N. Bernard, Geo. W. Grouse, Dudley Seward, Dr. Daniel A. Scott, 
Dr. Elias W. Howard, Dr. William Bowen, Dr. Thomas Earl, Alvin 
C. Voris, Jacob A. Kohler, Joseph E. Wesener, Henry W. Howe, J. 
Park Alexander, Homer C. Ayres, Thomas Brownless, Israel P, 
Hole, S. A. Lane, etc. 

The war coming on absorbed the public attention for the next 
four or five years, amid the dread realities of -which rhetoricals 
■were suspended, since -which they have largely been superseded 
by the innumerable civic, social and beneficial associations that 
have come into existence in later years, though it is questionable 
■whether a -well-conducted debating society, -with original essays 
and lectures, by members, and other home talent, -would not be 
more profitable — mentally, morally and financially — than some of 
the devices now in vogue for social pastime and recreation. 


Allusion has been made, elsewhere, to the Mechanics' Associa- 
tion of Akron, organized in 1846, and of the liberal contributions 
made by Judge James R. Ford and Col. Simon Perkins, ($50 each). 



and others, for the purchase of books and periodicals for the 
benefit of the association and their families, which under the 
fostering care of Messrs. James M. Hale, David G. Sanford, Joshua 
C. Berry, James Holmes, and other active members of the associa- 
tion, was successfully maintained for some ten or twelve years. 

at Wo r thing-ton, Franklin 
Co Vint 3-, Ohio, January 11, 1823; 
moved with parents to Tallmadge, in 
1832 ; graduated fr o m Western 
Reserve College in 1842 ; read law 
with Judge Reuben Hitchcock, in 
Painesville, followed bj' one year's 
study in law department of Yale 
College ; admitted to bar September, 
184:5 ; opened law office in Akron, 
January, 1846, in partnership, suc- 
cessively, for many 5'ears, with Hons. 
Sidney Edgerton and Christopher P. 
Wolcott; Prosecuting Attorney for 
Summit County, 184-8 to 1850; State 
Senator, 1853 to 1855 ; member of 
Congress, 18th district, 1869 to 1873 ; 
delegate to Republican National 
Convention, which renominated 
Abraham Lincoln in 1864 ; delegate 
at large to the convention which 
noininated Rutherford B. Hayes, in 
1876 ; many years trustee of Western 
Reserve College, Oberlin College 
and Lake Erie Female Seminary ; 
first president Summit County- Bar 
Association and member State Bar 
Association Executive Committee; 
from March to December, 1883, by 
appointinent of Gov. Foster, Judge 
of Supreine Court of Ohio ; in 1884 
elected Judge of Circuit Court, draw- 
ing two jears' term, and re-elected 


in 1886, for full term of six years. 
May 20, 1856, was married to Miss 
Julia A. Ford, of Akron, four child- 
ren having been born to them — 
William Ford Upson, now practicing- 
law in New York City ; Henry Swift 
Upson, now practicing medicine in 
Cleveland ; Anna Perkins, now wife 
of Lieut. G. J. Fiebeger, U. S. Corps 
Engineers; and Julia Ford Upson. 


In the meantime, in 1853, the State of Ohio had adopted a 
public school library system, by which all the school districts of 
the State, through general taxation, -were supplied with choicely 
selectt;d libraries proportioned to size of school, "Ohio School 
Librarj'," being embossed, in plain letters, upon both covers 
of each of the substantial leather-bound books thus provided. 
The superintendent of the Akron Public Schools was constituted 
librarian, as well as custodian of the astronomical, chemical and 
other apparatus provided by the State, the library being kept in a 
small room, between the two stair'ways on the upper floor of the 
old High (now Jennings) school building. 

After the establishment of this library, which, by the terms of 
the law, was accessible toevery family in the district, whether having 
children in the schools or not, the Mechanics' Association gener- 
ously donated their books to the Board of Education to be added 
thereto, though the association maintained its reading and club 
room for several years thereafter. 



pHARLES B. BERNARD,- sou of 
V^ Rev. David Bernard, a former 
Baptist clerayman in Akron ; born 
in Western New York ; came to t)hio 
in 1845 and to Akron in 18i6 ; taught 
school four winters, last two in Mid- 
dlebury, working on farm in Svim- 
mer ; March, 1849, entered Auditor's 
office as deput}-, serving six j'ears — 
four under N. W. Goodhue, and two 
under Henrj' Newberry ; elected 
Auditor, October, 1854, and re-elected 
in 1856, serving four years ; first rail- 
road ticket agent in Akron ; entered 
law office of Wolcott & Upson in 1859 ; 
admitted to bar and to partnership 
with W. & U. in 1861— afterwards with 
Mr. Upson; City Solicitor in 1862- 
1863; member of Board of Education 
— president, secretary, treasurer, etc., 
some seven years ; treasurer Akron 
and Portage township Soldiers' 
Bountv Fund during the war ; in 
1864, served 100 days in front of Wash- 
ington, as adjutant of 164th regiment, 
O. N. G., and A. A. A. General ; in 
April, 1867, moved to Cleveland — sec- 
retary Cleveland Stove Co. 20 years 
(actively about two years); chief clerk 
Internal Revenue two years ; first 
appraiser of merchandise at port 
of Cleveland two years; member of 
City .Council two years ; member of 
Board of Education two years ; 
since resigning appraisership has 
practiced his profession, in a case 


referred to him, writing out an orig- 
inal opinion as to the liability of 
stockholders under the Ohio law, 
which the Ohio Supreme Court, in 
another case, sustained in everj^ par- 
ticular, and is now the law. October 
27, 1858, Mr. B. was inarried in Akron, 
to Miss Mary E. Gardiner. They 
have two daughters — Grace and Bell, 
still with their tsarents. 


As time sped on, Akron outgrew the school library system, as 
liberal as had been its provisions, and in the latter part of 1865, a 
number of gentlemen effected an organization, under the name of 
the "Akron Lecture Association," for the purpose of establishing a 
reading room, together with a series of popular lectures upon 
literary and scientific subjects. 

The first course of eleven lectures (one more than promised), 
in the Winter of 1865-6, were by William Lloyd Garrison, George 
Alfred Townsend, R. J. De Cordova, New York humorist; Prof. 
Anson J. Upson, of Hamilton College, N. Y.; Prof. E. L. Youmans, 
of New York City, on the "Dynamics of Life;" James E. Murdoch, 
dramatic readings; Rev. W. H. Milburn, the eloquent blind 
preacher; Hon. George Thompson, of England; Rev. A. A. Willitts, 
of Brooklyn, N. Y.; John B. Gough, and C. Oscanyun, Turk. The 
terms for the course: Gentleman and lady, $5.00; gentleman 
without lady, $3.00; lady alone, $2.00; single admission, 50 cents. 
In the Spring the lecture committee reported receipts from season 
tickets. $867.50, at door $917.10— total, $1,784.60; paid lecturers 
$1,225.00, incidentals $310. 35— total, $1,535.35; balance in treasury, 
$249.25. Lecture committee: William H. Upson, chairman; 
WilHam H. Huntington, corresponding secretary; George W. 
Crouse, treasurer; Israel P. Hole, Charles B. Bernard, James H. 



in Andover, Vt, April U, 1816; 
raised on farm ; common school edu- 
cation, with one term in Chester 
Academy ; in 1835 began stud}^ of 
medicine with cousin, Prof. R. L. 
Howard, at Elyria, Ohio ; afterwards 
attending- lectures at Berkshire Col- 
lege, Pittsfiield, Mass., coinpleting his 
studies with Dr. L. G. Whiting, in 
Windsor Co., Vt., and graduating 
from Berkshire College in 1838; same 
5rear began practice with cousin, in 
Elyria, O., a j'ear later, 1839, removing 
to Akron, where he was in continu- 
ous practice over half a century; after 
battle of Antietam was sent b}' Gov. 
Tod to assist in caring for wounded 
Union soldiers, serving in hospital 
at Frederick City, one month ; the 
Winter following devoting several 
months to hospital duty at Nashville, 
Tenn. Dr. Howard served several 
j'ears on Board of Education, and 
four years in City Council— 1871, '72, 
'74, '75, the last year as president pro 
tern.; member and president of 
Board of Health ; helped to organize 
the Summit County Medical Society 
and several years its president ; was 
member of Union Medical Associa- 
tion of Northeastern Ohio, two terms 
its president ; member of Ohio State 
Medical Association and of American 
Medical Association, being a dele- 
gate to the International Medical 

/ ^ 


Congress in 1876. June 16, 1840, Dr. 
Howard was married to Miss Eliza- 
beth Chittenden, of Middlebury, who 
bore him two sons — Dr. Henry C, 
who died April 23, 1887, aged 4i years, 
10 months and 14 days, Frank D., 
manufacturer of agricultural imple- 
ments, still residing" w^ith his mother. 
Dr. Howard died August 9, 1890, aged 
74 years, 3 months, and 25 days. 


So successful was this initial course of popular lectures — 
evincing that the people would relish more of the same sort — that 
at a meeting of the association, held March 3, 1866, a resolution was 
passed, formally adopting the title of the "Akron Library Associa- 
tion," and instructing the secretary to duly prepare and have 
recorded the necessary papers of incorporation, which was accord- 
ingly done. 

In addition to the quite extensive reading room already 
established, in the room now occupied by Newton Chalker, Esq., a 
circulating library was now determined upon, and a committee, 
consisting of David L. King, Stephen H. Pitkin, William H. Upson, 
Charles B. Bernard, James H. Peterson, Julius S. Lane and George 
W. Crouse, was appointed to prepare a constitution and by-laws, 
which were duly reported and adopted on the evening of June 11, 
1866, the first section thereof being as foUo-ws: 

" Sec I. The Association shall be known as the 'Akron Library Associa- 
tion,' having for its object the diffusion of useful knowledge and the 
acquirement of the arts and sciences, by the estsblishment of a librai-y of 
scientific and miscellaneous books, for general circulation, and a reading 
room, cabinet, lectures and such other measures as may be deemed 

The annual membership fee was fixed at $2.00, the following 
eight persons paying $2.00 each, and subscribing their names to 
the constitution, on the night of its adoption: Julian H. Pitkin, 



Uavid L. King, Stephen H. Pitkin, William H. Upson, Charles B 
Bernard James H. Peterson, Julius S. Lane, Samuel A. Lane; 
Oeorge W Crouse. ' 

pHARLES A. COLLINS,— born in 
^^ Richmond, Berkshire County 
Mass., July 26, 1816; father dying- 
Augnst 4, 1817, removed with 
mother to Tioga County, N. Y., in 
1827 ; in both Massachusetts and New 
York, working- on farm summers 
and attending- district school 
winters. In 1830 removed with mother 
to Ohio, settling in Tallmadge, where 
he served an apprenticeship with his 
brother-in-law, Mr. Amos Avery, at 
carriage making; in 1838, in partner- 
ship with Mr. James M. Hale, under 
the firm name of Collins & Hale, 
established a carriage manufactory 
in Middlebury, now Akron, Sixth 
Ward. Mr. Hale retiring in 1841, Mr. 
Collins continued until the burning 
of the shops in 1860, when, in com- 
pany with Mr. John E. Bell, works 
were established in May's Block 
(now Clarendon Hotel), corner South 
Main and Exchange streets. In Feb- 
ruarj', 1870, C. A. Collins & Son 
erected shops corner Main and 
Church streets, where the business is 
still carried on by the Collins Buggjr 
Companj-, of which Mr. Charles A. 
Collins is president and Mr. George 
A. Collins manager. Januar}' 16, 1839, 
Mr. Collins was married to Miss 
Louisa Hine, of Tallmadg-e.who has 
borne him seven children, four only 
now living — George A., of Akron ; 
Mrs. Josephine A. Kent, of Kent ; 
Charles E., of Cleveland; and Nettie 
E., now Mrs. C. D. Hatch.of Cleveland. 


While a resident of Middlebur}- Mr. 
Collins served for manj^ years as 
member of Village Council and on 
Board of Education ; was also Maj'or 
of Akron in 1862 and 1863 and mem- 
ber of City Council 1877-1879, the first 
year as president pro tern. 

Subsequently the annual membership fee was increased to 
$3.00, entitling the member and his family to the privileges of the 
library and reading room during the time for which he had thus 
paid, and an amendment adopted by which the payment of $50.00, 
at one time, constituted the person thus paying, a life member, 
entitled to such privileges in perpetuity, without further payment, 
and in case of the decease of such life member, the privilege to 
■descend to the survivor, husband or wife, and minor children, such 
privilege, as to such minors, to cease on attaining their majority. 

The first officers of the Association, under the charter, -were: 
William H. Upson, president; Stephen H. Pitkin, vice president; 
Charles B. Bernard, corresponding secretary; James H. Peterson, 
recording secretary; George W. Crouse, treasurer; David L. King, 
Julius S. Lane, Julian H. Pitkin and Israel P. Hole, directors. 

As an indication of the popular feeling in regard to the project, 
on being made known to the public that a considerable sum of 
money "was immediatelj^ desirable for the purchase of a library 
commensurate to the public needs, life memberships, at fifty 



dollars each, were taken to the number of at least one hundred 
within the first three or four years, besides the large list of yearlj"- 
memberships at three dollars each. 

The funds thus raised, together with the surplus, (when there 
was a surplus), from the annual lecture courses, enabled the 
Association to at once establish a highly creditable circulating 
library, and one in wrhich all the people of Akron, during the inter- 
vening quarter of a century, have ever justly been proud. 

J born in Old Milford, Conn., 
October 5, 1810. At 7 years of age 
came with parents to Ohio, settling in 
Charlestown, Portage County, remov- 
ing to Hudson in 1827, his father, Rev. 
Caleb Pitkin, being one of the found- 
ers of Western Reserve College, 
Stephen ' being one of its earliest 
students, graduating in June, 1834, 
the following October going to 
Fulton County, 111., teaching and 
studj'ing law, being adinitted to the 
bar in 1836 ; was elected County Sur- 
veyor and in 1838 elected Probate 
Judge, holding the ofiEice four years; 
in 1852 returned to Hudson, taking 
charge of home farm and the care of 
his aged parents ; in 1861 was elected 
Probate Judge of Summit County, 
serving eight years ; member of Vil- 
lage Council in 1864 ; served on 
Akron School Board several years ; 
was secretary of Summit County 
Agricultural Society from 1871 to 
1880 and president for 1880; was 
presidential -elector for the Eigh- 
teenth Congressional District in 1868, 
voting in the Electoral College for 
Ulysses S. Grant for President and 
Schuyler Colfax for Vice-President. 
He was married in October, 1831, to 
Miss Julia Lusk, of Hudson, a sister 
of the first wife of John Brown, of 
Harper's Ferry fame. Mrs. Pitkin 
died October 7, 1873, two of their five 


children only surviving — Julian H., 
now living in Chicago, and Mary A., 
wife of Mr. Abner L. Caldwell,' of 
Portage township. September 24, 
1879, Judge Pitkin was again married, 
to Miss Helen B. Bill, of Cuj'ahoga 
Falls, who still survives, the Judge 
himself dying February 25, 1882, at 
the age of 71 years, i months and 20 


In later years, as money was needed to replenish and increase 
the books and periodicals, it was from time to time liberallj" con- 
tributed by our citizens, besides which, on the recurrence of the 
question as to w^hat should be done with the surplus soldiers' 
bounty fund in the hands of Treasurer Charles B. Bernard at the 
close of the war, it was, by general consent, turned over to the 
Association, in December, 1869, on the adoption of the following 
resolution, and the executioii of the accompaning bond ol 
indemnity to the custodians of said fund: 

"Resolved, by the directors of the Akron Library Association, that the 
president and secretary of said Association be and are hereby authorized to 
sign a document presented to them by a committee consisting of John R. 
Buchtel, J. Park Alexander, George W. Crouse and Charles B. Bernard, 
which document is in the following words, to-wit: 




aLLIAX T. ALLEN— born in 
Montreal, Canada, September 
16, 1814; at 8 or 9 removed with par- 
ents to Hudson, N. Y.; on death of 
father, at li, removed with mother to 
Albany; common school education; 
read law and admitted to the bar in 
Albany, but did not enter into prac- 
tice; engaged with Ralph P. Myers 
in the dry goods trade in Albany, 
the firm of Allen & Mj'ers removing 
to Akron in 18i4; a year or two later 
changing to the stove business, soon 
afterwards, with others, establishing 
the Akron Stove Company, which, 
after a successful career in Akron, 
for many years, removed to Cleve- 
land, under the corporate name of 
the Cleveland Stove Company. In 
addition to holding a continuous 
directorship in the compa n i e s 
named, Mr. Allen conducted a stove 
store upon his own account, in Fort 
Wayne, Ind., from 1857 to 1864; also 
for a time, in connection with Mr. 
James M. Hale, under the firm name 
of Allen «fe Hale, carried on a 
machine shop at Lock Seven; 
later becoming a stockholder, 
director and treasurer in the Web- 
ster, Camp & Lane Machine Com- 
pany, and a stockholder and director 
in the First National Bank, of Akron. 
Mr. Allen was a member of Village 
Council in 1853; Mayor in 1854; mem- 


ber of City Council, 1870, '71, '72, '73, 
'74, '75, '81, '82. '83 and '84 and several 
years Chairman of its Finance Com- 
mittee. July 31, 1852, at Milwaukee, 
Wis., Mr. Allen was inarried to Miss 
Laura McCartey, a native of Romu- 
lus, N. Y.. then teaching music in 
Akron, Mr. Allen dying November 
13, 1886, aged 72 years, 1 month and 
27 days. 


born at St. Johns, New Bruns- 
wick, July 9, 1830; removing in early 
life with his parents to Buffalo, N. Y., 
and afterwards to Portage County, 


Ohio. Here, on entering his major- 
ity, with such education as the 
schools of the vicinity afforded, he 
began the study of medicine, finally 
changing to dentistry, completing 
his course of study with Dr. B. T. 
Spelman, of Ravenna. Practicing one 
year in Cleveland, in 1854, he came to 
Akron, where he has been in contin- 
uous and successful practice ever 
since, at the same time devoting 
mvich time to other matters — busi- 
ness, political, social, etc., officiating 
as secretary of the Republican 
Union Central Committee of Summit 
County during the w^ar; is a member 
of Akron Lodge No. 83 and Wash- 
ington Chapter No. 25 of A. F. and 
A. M., and of the Masonic Relief 
Association. November 29, 1855, Dr. 
Peterson was married to Miss Caro- 
line Van Evra, of Akron, a native of 
Cherry Valley, N. Y., who has borne 
him three children — Carrie M., now 
wife of Charles W. F. Dick, present 
Auditor of Summit County; John 
Edward, now a member of the pro- 
duce firm of Di'clf & Peterson, and 
Grace C, student in Conservatory of 
of Music at Oberlin College. 



" Whereas, there remains in the hands of Charles B. Bernard, as Treas- 
tirer of a committee consisting- of John R. Buchtel, George W. Crouse, J. 
Park Alexander and the said Charles B. Bernard, sts'led ' Portage Township 
Recruiting Committee,' a balance of money contributed by citizens of 
Portage township to fill the quota of said township, at the last call of the 
President of the United States; and 

" Whereas, a large number of the subscribers to said fund have requested 
and directed said Bernard, acting as treasurer of said committee, to pay 
over said balance remaining in his hands to the directors of the Akron 
Librarjr Association, an association having for its object the improvement 
and general good of the citizens of Akron ; and 

" Whereas, the balance of said committee, consisting of John R. Buchtel, 
George W. Crouse and J. Park Alexander, have requested and directed, in 
writing-, the said treasurer to pa)- over said balance, now amounting- to over 
three thousand dollars [exact amount $3,211.26] to said Akron Library Associ- 

" Now, Therefore, Know All Men by these Presents, that the Akron 
Librarj- Association, of the Citj' of Akron, Summit County and State of Ohio, 
an Association incorporated under the la^vs of said State, in consideration 
of the donation to said Association of said sum of money, do hereby obligate 
and promise to use said money for the purchase of books for said Associ- 
ation, and for such purposes as will carry out the objects of said Associa- 
tion, and said Association further binds itself to pay to any subscriber to 
said fund his pro rata share of said balance remaining in said treasurer's 
hands and paid over to said Association, and to save harmless fromi all costs 
damages and claims, said Committee and said Bernard as treasurer of said 
Committee, by virtue of any claim which may be set up by any subscriber 
to the fund aforesaid. 

"In witness whereof said Akron Library Association has caused these 
presents to be signed by its president and secretary, by a resolution of the 
directors passed December 11, 1869. 

[Signed] GEO. P. AsHMUN, President. 

A. L. Congee, Secretary." 

Down to this time, 1870, the Association had occupied the 
room now occupied by Newton Chalker, Esq., on the -west side of 
Howard street, which was now found to be altogether too small 
for the uses of the Association, and a committee was appointed to 
secure more commodious quarters. At this time t-wo large new- 
buildings were approaching completion — the Academy of Music, 
on East Market street, by John F. Seiberling, Esq., and Masonic 
Temple, corner Howard and Mill streets, by Capt. Aaron P. 
Baldwin, both of which localities found spirited advocates among 
the life members of the Association. 

Liberal propositions were made by both parties, and the 
rivalry waxed warm and somewhat bitter, but was finally termi- 
nated by the friends of that locality purchasing from Capt. 
Baldwin, for the sum of $3,500, the rooms under consideration in 
the second story of the Masonic Temple building, and making a 
free gift of the same, by deed, to the Association — an arrangement 
which, in view of the subsequent tendency of business in that 
direction, and of the location of the postofflce in the same building 
about the same time, has been generally very satisfactory indeed. 


In the meantime, in 1869, cities of the grade of Akron had been 
empowered to establish and, by taxation, maintain free libraries 
and reading rooms, and on April 14, 1873, a committee consisting 
of Edwin P Green, Sidney Edgerton and John R. Buchtel, was 
appointed to confer with the City Council on the subject, and after 



-L^ eldest son of James and Harriet 
Pennington (Arnold) Scott, was born 
at Cadiz, Harrison Count}-, May 4, 
1821; educated at Cadiz schools, 
being at one time a pupil of the late 
Bishop Simpson ; read medicine with 
Dr. William F. Poole, and was a grad- 
uate of both the Eclectic and the Allo- 
pathic schools of medicine. June l.i, 
18-1:2, was married to Miss Mary 
Burnett Phipps, of Smithfield, Jeffer- 
son Couutj', who bore him three 
daughters— Harriet Rebecca, Emma 
Virginia, and Mary Bell. In 1818, Dr. 
Scott came to Akron, successfully 
practicing his profession here till his 
sudden death from heart failure, Janu- 
ary 23, 1890, in several instances minis- 
tering to five generations in the same 
family. Though repeatedlj' declin- 
ing political preferment, Dr. Scott 
was an efficient and conscientious 
member of the Akron Board of 
Health from 1886 until his death. He 
was a prominent member of the 
Masonic Order, holding the office of 
Grand High Priest of the Grand 
Chapter of Ohio for two terms. 
High Priest of Washington Chapter, 
Xo. 25, R. A. M. for 14 consecutive 
3^ears, was a member of the Grand 
Chapter of the United States, and a 
member of Akron Coinmandery, No. 
25, Knights Templar, froin its organ- 
ization. As husband and father. 


tenderly affectionate ; as a citizen, 
modest, warm-hearted and sincere ; 
as a physician, honest, faithful and 
sympathetic. Dr. Scott was truly 
beloved bj' all who knew him. He 
died at the age of 68 jears, 8 months 
and 19 days. 


DR. BYRON S. CHASE,— born in 
Jamaica, Vt, January 9, 1834; 
raised on farm ; educated in common 
schools and Chester Academy ; at 
21 engaged in sale of maps, in Michi- 
gan ; later studying medicine with 
his uncle, Dr. E. W. Howard, in Akron, 
graduating- at Ann Arbor, Mich., 

beginning practice with Dr. Howard 
in Akron ; in 1862, entered the army 
as assistant surgeon of 16th Regt. 
O. V. I.; in June, 1863, was transferred 
to 53rd Mississippi (colored) Regt. as 
surg"eon, serving till close of the war, 
acting on operating board at Chicka- 
saw Bayou and during the siege of 
Vicksburg. At close of the war 
resumed practice in Akron, continu- 
ing with marked success until his 
death, February 23, 1878, at the age of 
44 j^ears, 1 month and 14 days. Janu- 
ary 26, 1863, Dr. Chase was married 
to Miss Henrietta Sabin, daughter of 
the late Joseph W. and Prudence 
(Brown) Sabin, born in Akron Decem- 
ber 17, 1842, who bore him four chil- 
dren — William Sabin, born December 
9, 1866, now city editor Akron Daily 
Beacon and Republican ; Charles 
Hibbard, born June 2, 1869, now clerk 
for the E. H. Merrill Stoneware Com- 
pany; Martha, born November 25, 
1874, and Byron Samuel, born Octo- 
ber 12, 1877 ; Doctor and Mrs Chase 
also having adopted and raised a 
nephew, Sabin Ford, sou of Hobart 
and Martha (Sabin) Ford, now in the 
emplojr of The Diamond Match Com- 
pany, at Ontonagon, Mich. 



several interviews with a corresponding committee from the 
Council, consisting of Councilmen Milton W. Henry and William 
T. Allen and City Solicitor Ed-ward W. Stuart, on December 30,. 
1873, the committee reported that they had tendered to the Council 
all the books and property of the Association, -with a perpetual 
lease of its rooms, on condition that the city -would establish a 
Public Library, for the free use of all its citizens -who might 
choose to avail themselves of its privileges, -which proposition had 
been accepted. 

born in Cazenovia, N. Y., 
August 17, 1819 ; thro-wn upon his 
o-wn resources at eight years of age, 
he managed to secure a fair common 
school education ; at 17 began teach- 
ing ; at 18 entered Wesley Seminary 
at Lima, N. Y., -where, after spending 
t-svo terms, he -was employed as 
teacher ; in April, 184:4, came to Ak- 
ron, a stranger -with but $3.00 in his 
pocket ; entering the office of Judge 
Rufus P. Spalding as a la-w student, 
in the Winter season teaching in 
Tallmadge Academy ; in 1846 gradu- 
ated from Cincinnati Law School, 
and admitted to the bar in that city, 
opening a law office in Akron ; in 
1852 elected Prosecuting Attorney, 
serving four years ; in 1858 elected to 
Cong^ress and re-elected in 1860, serv- 
ing four years ; in 1863 was appointed 
by President Lincoln Chief, Justice 
of Idaho, transporting his family 
and effects from Omaha to Bannock 
City in wagons ; in 1864, traveled on 
horseback to Salt Lake Citj^ (sleep- 
ing on the ground), thence by stage 
to the Mississippi, en route to Wash- 
ington, where, by a bill prepared bj^ 
hiniself, he secured the organization 
of Montana, of which he was made 
Governor by President Lincoln. 
Getting the territorial machinerj^ into 
running order, he tendered his 


resignation February 23, 1865, which 
was accepted in July. Returned 
with family to Akron in January, 
1866 and resumed the practice of 
law. Mr. Edgerton was married to 
Miss Mary Wright, of Tallmadge, 
May 18, 1849, who bore him nine 
children — four sons and five daiigh- 
ters, seven of whom are still living. 
Mrs. Edgerton dying- August 3, 1883- 

This action was approved and the committee authorized to 
execute the lease, on the part of the Association, the proposition 
being formally accepted by the Council, by resolution adopted 
January 5, and by ordinance passed January 26, 1874. The lease 
was conditioned upon the payment of the then existing indebted- 
ness of the Association; that said library should be free to all the 
citizens of Akron; that the Boardof Control should consist of two 
members of the Association, one member of the Board of Educa- 
tion, and two members of the Council, the lease to run three years, 
with a stipulation that "at the expiration of the term of said lease, 
said Library Association agrees to convey said property to said 
city, by perpetual lease, provided said city shall have complied 
with the conditions herein expressed, on its part, and provided, 
further, that said city shall faithfully care for said library, under 
said perpetual lease, and maintain the library for the free use of 
the inhabitants of said city and the members of this Association." 



J est f?ou of Samuel Alansoii and 
Paulina (Potter) Lane, wan born in 
Akron, November 19, 1S41 ; educated 
in Akron public schools ; learned 
the machinist's trade at the Newark 
Machine Works and with Webster, 
Camp it Co., in Akron ; in 1866 was 
elected chief engineer of the Akron 
Fire Department, in charge of its 
first steamer, " Citj- of Akron, No. 1." 
In 1S67, occixpied the position of chief 
engineer of the Lake Superior Com- 
pany's iron mines, at Ishpeming, 
Mich.; in 1868, returned to Akron, as 
superintendent of the newly organiz- 
ed Webster, Camp & Lane Machine 
Company, which position he success- 
fully filled for 17 years, having- mean- 
time invented " Lane's Band Fric- 
tion Hoist" and other valuable 
mining devices, now so largely in 
- vogue in the mining districts of the 
United States, Mexico, and Central 
and South America. Since 1885 Mr. 
Lane has been the general superin- 
tendent of the M..C. Bullock Manufac- 
turing Company, of Chicago, mining 
machinery, including the celebrated 
Bullock Diamond Drill, being- a 
specialty. August 21, 1867, he was 
married to Miss Julia E. Pitkin, 
daughter of the late Rev. Caleb 
Johnson Pitkin, at Cerro Gordo, 111. 


They have six children — Henry 
Marquette Lane, born at Ishpeming, 
Mich., May 14, 1868; Pauline Eliza- 
beth, born at Akron, November 20, 
1869; Frank Pitkin, August 19, 1871 
Albert Alanson, September 22, 1873 
Florence Maria, Decembers, 1876; and 
George Comfort, October 28, 188'i 

7 0HN WOLF,— born in Selb, Bav- 
J aria, Germany, January 25, 1837, 
attended German schools till 14 
years of age ; in 1851 came to United 
States, clerking in store in Aurora, 
Ind., until September, 1853, when he 
came to Akron ; here he clerked two 

years for George T. McCurdy and 
seven years for Milton W. Henry, 
when, in 1862, he became a member of 
the firm of M. W. Henry & Co, con- 
tinuing there until 1869, seven j'-ears. 
In Spring of 1870 formed a partner- 
ship with his half-brother, J. Martin 
Beck, and Mr. Harry J. Church, under 
the firm name of Wolf, Church & 
Beck, establishing a dry goods store 
in the Academj' of Music building, 
remaining there five j^ears, when 
they removed to the southeast corner 
of Main and Market streets, where 
Mr. Wolf still remains. Mr. Beck 
withdrawing in 1878 and Mr. Church 
in 1886, Mr. Wolf is now sole pro- 
prietor and one of the leading and 
most prosperous of Akron's many 
enterprising and successful iner- 
chants. October 25, 1864, Mr. Wolf 
was married to Miss Mary Anna 
Howe, daughter of Captain Richard 
Howe, one of Akron's pioneer set- 
tlers. They have two children — 
Charles R., born November 2, 1869, 
and Harry H., born May 28, 1874. Mr. 
W. was one of the founders and is 
still a stockholder and director of the 
Citizens' Savings and Loan Associa- 
tion, and also a stockholder and 
director of the incorporated firm of 
Taplin, Rice & Co. 



The Library ordinance, as revised and codified July 1, 1886, is- 
as follows: 

Sec. 279. The City of Akron shall maintain, at the public expense, the 
library deeded and conveyed to said city by deed from the Akron Library 
Association, of the date of January 15, 1877. 

Sec. 280. In accordance with the terms of said deed a Board of Control 
for said library shall be and is hereby provided, to be constituted in the fol- 
lowing manner: It shall consist of six members— resident electors of said 

Sec. 281. The members of said board shall be chosen by ballot, bs^ a 
majority of all the members of the City Council, who shall annually at the 
first meeting- in May, choose two members of said board for the term of three 
years. All members shall serve for said terin and until their successors are 
duly chosen. 

Sec. 282. Said Board of Control shall make its own by-laws, and hold its 
meetings at such times as they may decide upon, and shall have the power to- 
make such rules and regulations for the care of said library as they deem 
necessary faithfully to carry out the terms of said deed. That the board 
shall have power to appoint a librarian and such other officers as they 
may require for the proper care of the library, and shall report semi- 
annually to the Council the condition of said librar5^ 

Sec. 283. All moneys used by said board for library purposes shall first 
be appropriated for such use bj^ said City Council, and no expenses shall be 
incurred, charg-eable to the city, other than as covered by appropriations 
made therefor by the City Council. 

Sec. 284. The use of said library shall be free of all charge to the inhab- 
itants of said city, the life members of the Akron Library' Association and 
their families, except such fines as may be imposed for the infractions of the 
rules regulating the use of the same: 

at Lima, Ohio, February 26, 1840; 
educated in Lima public schools ; at 
16 was appointed to National Naval 
School, at Annapolis, Md., but 
resigned in 1859, and began the study 
of medicine with Dr. William Carson, 
of Cincinnati, graduating from the 
Ohio Medical College, in that city, in 
1862. In April, 1862, was appointed 
assistant surgeon of the 4th O. V. C, 
serving w^ith that regiment until 
December, 1862, when he was pro- 
moted to surgeon and assigned to 
the 81st O. V. I., with which he served 
till close of war ; during the Atlanta 
campaign serving on the Operating 
Board of Second Division of Six- 
teenth Army Corps. In October, 1865, 
Dr. Jacobs located in Akron, where 
he has since been in continuous 
practice, from 1870 to 1873 with the 
late Dr. William Bowen, and after- 
wards with Dr. Albert C. Belden. Dr. 
Jacobs is a member of Summit 
County Medical Society, Union Medi- 
cal Association of North Eastern 
Ohio, State Medical Society, and 
American Medical Association ; was 
the first secretar}' of the second 
named society, and has held official 


positions in others. September 10, 
1863, Dr. Jacobs was married to Miss 
Huldah M. Hill, a native of Knox 
County, O. They have one child, 
Harold H., born February 10, 1866, 
now practicing medicine in companj^ 
with his father. 

The officers and directors of the Akron Library Association, in 
its corporate capacity, -were as follows: Presidents: William H. 
Upson, 1866, '67, '68; George P. Ashmun, 1869; Lewis Miller, 1870; 




OHN W. BAKER— born in 
Auburn, Cayuga County, N. Y., 
January 27, 1827, common school 
education; in 1843, came with parents 
to Akron; a 5'ear later went to Col- 
umbus to learn cabinet making-, 
seiA'ing three j'ears, worked at trade 
in Akron till 1850, when he went over- 
land to California and eng-aged in 
mining, remaining two years; 
returnmg home, via Panama and 
New York, worked for a musical 
instrument firm until 1857, when he 
became a member of the Akron 
Melopean Companj', continuing ten 
years; then engaged in the manufac- 
ture of cigar boxes, gradual]}- adding 
wood-turning and japanning, about 
1870 forming a partnership with Mr. 
John C. McMillen, a few years later 
Mr. John P. Teeple being added, 
under the firm name of Baker, 
McMillen & Co., which in the spring 
of 1890 was organized into a stock 
compan}^, with Mr. McMillen as 
president, Mr. Baker as superintend- 
ent and Mr. Teeple as secretary and 
treasurer, and is one of the most 
prosperous industries in the city. 
Politically a stanch Democrat, in 
1876 and 1877 Mr. Baker represented 


the Second \Vard in the City Council. 
Ma}- 6, 1853, he was married to Miss 
Caroline M. Thayer, a native of New 
York, who has borne him three 
children, two of whom are now liv- 
ing—Frank E. and Alice., both still 
at home. 


^ eon of Carl Frederic and 
Augusta Wilhelmina (Peschau) Bon- 
stedt, was born at Clausthal, on the 
Hartz, Kingdom of Hanover, Ger- 
many, January 11, 1825; common 
school education; at 14 apprenticed 
to grocery trade, serving four j^ears; 
then superintendent of the large 
cigar factory of Landsmith & Co., 
at Engter, near Osnabruck, for several 
years, when he came to America, 

having charge of a large tobacco 
business in Baltimore, Md., until 
18.55, when he came to Akron, as clerk 
in the grocer}' store of Ferdinand 
Schumacher, later being promoted 
to book-keeper; in 1863 bought out 
Mr. S., continuing the business till 
1875, when he sold out to his book- 
keeper, Mr. John Terrass. After a 
short engagement in the limestone 
business, near Sandusky, again 
embarked in the grocery trade in 
Akron, with Mr. John Krevider, at 210 
East Market Street, the partnership 
continuing six years, on the with- 
drawal of Mr. K., Mr. B. continuing 
on his own account, until his death, 
October 19, 1890, the business being 
still carried on by his sons. Mr. 
Bonstedt was one of the organizers 
and most active members of the 
Akron Liedertafel; was first president 
of Retail Grocers' Association, mem- 
ber of Akron Mercantile Associa- 
tion, Board of Trade, and of City 
Council 1864-65. March 15, 1857, Mr. 
Bonstedt was married, in Akron, to 
Miss Augusta F. Beyer, a native of 
Germany, who bore him eig-ht sons 
and one daughter — Charles \V., of 
Greentown; Adolph; Victor E.; 
Ferdinand, of Lincoln, Neb.; Her- 
man; Williain H.; Frank; Louis, and 
Augusta F'. Mrs Bonstedt still sur- 



David L. King, 1871, '72; Edwin P. Green, 1873. Vice Presidents: 
Stephen H. Pitkin, 1866; Lewis Miller, 1867, '68; John J. Wagoner, 
1869, '70, '71, '72; Thomas Rhodes, 1873. Corresponding Secre- 
taries: Charles B. Bernard, 1866; Stephen H. Pitkin, 1867, '68, '69, 
'70, '71; George W. Grouse, 1872; Byron S. Chase, 1873. Recording 
Secretaries: James H. Peterson, 1866; John E. Miller, 1867, '68; 
Arthur L. Conger, 1869, '70; William T. Allen, 1871, '72, '73. Treas- 
urers: George W. Grouse, 1866, '67, '68, '69, '70; John H. Christy, 
1871; William B. Raymond, 1872, '73. Directors: 1866, David L. 
King, JuHus S. Lane, Julian H. Pitkin, Israel P. Hole; 1867, George 
P. Ashmun, George T. Perkins, Newell D. Tibbals, Edwin P. 
Green; 1868, Ferdinand Schumacher, David L. King, George 
T. Perkins, Edwin P Green; 1869, Edwin P Green, James H. 
Peterson, Thomas Rhodes, Robert L. Collett; 1870, Jeremiah A. 
Long, Byron S. Chase, Edwin P. Green, Ferdinand Schumacher; 
1871, Sidney Edgerton, James H. Peterson, John Wolf, John H. 
Hower; 1872, Sidney Edgerton, John H. Hower, George T. Perkins, 
William C. Jacobs; 1873, John R. Buchtel, John H. Hower, George 
T. Perkins, William C. Jacobs. 

Lucius and Sally B. (Mason) 
Chapman, was born in Copley, June 
28, 1838 ; in 1857 went with parents to 
Wisconsin, and later to Iowa, work- 
ing on father's farm, except for a time 
clerking in grocery and boot and 
shoe store, while living in Wiscon- 
sin, till December, 1864 ; meantime 
having attended Cornell College at 
Mt. Vernon, Iowa, two years ; taught 
school two terms and studied den- 
tistry two years with Dr. Matson, of 
Anamosa, Iowa. After a short visit 
to the State of New York, in the 
Spring of 1865, came to Akron and 
engaged in the practice of his pro- 
fession with Dr. C. H. Bolles, later 
buying him out, and continuing the 
business with phenomenal success to 
the present time, having- fitted up in 
his own neiv building, erected in 1887, 
corner Broadway and Mill, the finest 
suite of dental parlors in the city. 
An earnest Republican, though not 
an office-seeker, Dr. Chapman ably 
represented the Third Ward in the 
City Council from April, 1878, to 
April, 1880. November 3, 1867, Dr. 


Chapman was inarried to Miss Alice 
L. Randall, a native of Copies^ town- 
ship. The5' have one son, Cloyd M. 
Chapman, born November 5, 1874, 
now a student in Akron High School. 

At a meeting of the life members of the Library Association, 
January 9, 1877, David L. King, Edwin P. Green, John R. Buchtel 
and Sidney Edgerton were constituted a committee to convey, by 
deed, with proper stipulation for its perpetual care, the library and 
property of the Association to the city, concluding its labors by the 
adoption of the following resolution: 

Idesoli^ed, That the members of the Akron Library Association 
are extremely gratified by the success of the movement to transfer 
their library to the City of Akron, and have full faith that the true 
interests of the Library Association will be promoted by such 



A XDRKW H. NOAH— son of Elmer 
-^^ and Esther iS[oah, was born in 
Bath, Februarjr lo, 1858, his father 
d3dng- in the war when he was quite 
small ; was raised in Peninsula, edu- 
cated at Oberlin CoUeg-e; taug-ht 
school four 3'ears at Steele's Corners, 
Boston Village and Chittenden's Cor- 
ners ; worked for the Daj'ton (Ohio), 
Hedg-e Companj' five j-ears, in the 
capacitj' of g-eneral agent, traveling 
throvigh Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Ken- 
tucky and Tennessee; December 29, 
1880, was married to Miss Kittie B. 
McGill, j-oiingest daughter of James 
and Susan McGill, of Urbana, Ohio ; 
the}' have no children ; August 1, 1885, 
bought half interest in real estate 
business with Frank A. Wilcox ; May, 
1888 was elected member of Board of 
Control of Akron Public Librar}', and 
made secretary of the board, serving- 
two years and declining- a re-election; 
charter member of The Akron Build- 
ing- and Loan Association, on org-an- 
ization, in 1888, being; elected secre- 
tarJ^ which position he still holds ; 
Past Grand of Akron Lodge, No. 547, 


J New London, Conn., September 
18, 1810; removed with^ parents, in 
infancy, to Middletown, Conn.; com- 
mon school education ; from 14 to 21 
clerk in postoifice, under Postmaster 
Joshua Stow ; in 1832 came to Cuya- 
hog-a Falls, and engaged in book- 
binding with his brother, the late 
Oliver B. Beebe ; in 1838 established 
Akron's pioneer book store, on pres- 
ent site of Houghton's grocery store 


I. O. O.F.; member of Akron Encamp- 
ment and one of the five directors 
of the Akron Underwriters' Asso- 

o n F^ast Market street ; in 1839 with Mr. 
William E. Wright established the 
Center Mill, near the present site of 
the Allen Mill, continuing two or 
three years ; in 1841, in partnership 
with Dr. Perkins Wallace, added 
drugs to book trade in the old stone 
block, later having Dr. Dana D. 
Evans for a partner, and still later 
(1848) Mr. Richard S. Elkins, after- 
wards adding to their business the 
publication of the Summit County 
Beacon, the firm of Beebe & Elkins 
continuing until 1879, over 30 j^ears. 
October, 1880, Mr. Beebe was elected 
a director of County Infirmary and 
re-elected in 1883, serving six j-ears, 
most of the time clerk of the board ; 
also occupied the position of City 
Librarian seven j^ears, from 1882 to 
1889. May 19, 1840, Mr. Beebe was 
married, at Edinburg, Portage 
County, to Miss Cornelia E. Wads- 
worth (daughter of the late Frederick 
Wadsworth), who bore him three 
children — Helen, born August 16, 
1841, now Mrs. William B. Raymond ; 
Frederick Wadsworth, now of Paige 
Brothers & Co.'s hardware corpora- 
tion, Akron; and Charles Joseph, 
now of Philadelphia. Mrs. Beebe 
died Deceinber 21, 1884, aged 65 years, 
10 inonths and 2 daj^s, Mr. Beebe 
dying May 16, 1891, aged 80 years, 7 
months, 28 days. 

The Board of Control consists of six members elected by the 
Council, two each year, to serve three years, the Board maintaining 
its own separate organization for the management of the affairs of 



the library, subject only to the control of the Council in the matter 
of its money expenditures, the authorized tax levy for its support 
being limited by law to half a mill on the dollar, three-tenths of a 
mill being about the average yearly levy for library purposes, the 
expenditures for the year ending March 12, 1887, l)eing $2,023.36, 
and for the years ending March 15, 1888, $2,325.82; 1889, $2,500; 1890, 
$3,700; 1891, $1,600, the library at the present time (1891) containing 
about 12,000 volumes. 

Members of the Board of Control, since the organization of the 
Akron Public Library, have been; John R. Buchtel, J. Park Alex- 
ander,Milton W.Henry, Edwin P. Green, George Tod Ford, William 
T. Allen, WiUiam C. Allen, John W. Baker, Paul E. Werner, David 
L. King, Charles A. Collins, Adams Emerson, Mason Chapman, 
Noah A. Carter, Lewis Miller, Thomas E. Monroe, Frank M. Atter- 
holt, Charles W. Bonstedt, C. P. Humphrey, Olin L. Sadler, Ralph 
P. Burnett, Charles R. Grant, Elias Fraunfelter, Andrew H. Xoah, 
Louis Seybold, Louis D. Seward, Charles S. Hart. 

J born October 23, 1846, in Orange, 
New Haven County, Conn.; at 15 
enlisted in 12th Connecticut V. 1., and 
held the extremely perilous position 
of dispatch bearer on Gen. Butler's 
Staff, in the Department of the Gulf, 
and continued on the staff of Gen. 
Banks until October, 1863, when he 
was discharged. In April, 1864, locat- 
ed at Cuyahoga Falls, -where he was 
engaged in farming and study until 
September, 1868, when he entered 
the freshman class at Western 
Reserve College, graduating in 1872 
as valedictorian of his class of eigh- 
teen students. After a year spent in 
Colorado, recruiting his health, he 
entered the office of Judge N. D. 
Tibbals as a law student, being 
admitted to the bar, at Akron, in 
September, 1874. Health ag^ain fail- 
ing, he engaged in farming until 
January, 1876, when he formed a 
partnership with H. B. Foster, Esq., 
of Hudson, in November of that s^ear 
locating in Akron, as a member of 
the law firm of Foster, Marvin & 
Grant, which arrangement continued 
until his appointment by Gov. 
Foster, September 16, 1883, Probate 
Judge of Summit County, on the 
death o f Judge Goodhue, being 
elected to the office in 1884, and 
again in 1887, giving- to the office 
over seven years of able and faithful 


service. October, 9, 1873, Judge 
Grant was married to Miss Frances 
J. Wadhams, of Boston township, 
who died September 14, 1874. Nov- 
ember 9, 1876, he was again married, 
to Miss Lucy J. Alexander, of Alvron, 
who died June 8, 1880, leaving- one 
child— Frances Virginia, born Sep- 
tember 24, 1877. August, 19, 1891, was 
again married to Miss Ida Shick, of 

Presidents of the Board have been as follows: Hon. John R 
Buchtel, 1874-77; Milton W. Henry, 1877-79; Edwin P. Green, 
1879-82; Rev. Thomas E. Monroe, 1882, '83; Noah A. Carter, 1883, '84- 
C. P. Humphrey, 1884-86; Frank M. Atterholt, 1886, '87; Charles R 
Grant, 1887, '88; Olin L. Sadler, 1888, '89; Charles R. Grant, 1890, '91. 


Secretaries: George Tod Ford, 1874, '75; William T. Allen, 1875, 
'76; William C. Allen, 1876, '77; PaulE.Werner, 1877-82; Dr. Mason 
Chapman, 1882-84; Paul E.Werner, 1884, '85; Olin L. Sadler, 1885,'89. 
Louis D. Seward, 1890, '91. 

Treasurers: Previous to 1882, the Secretary also officiated as 
Treasurer of the Board, since which time the treasurers have been: 
Frank M. Atterholt, 1882-85; Ralph P. Burnett, 1885 to present time. 

Librarians: Theron A. Noble, from beginning to 1875; Horton 
Wright, 1875-82; Joseph A. Beebe, 1882-89; Mary Pauline Edgerton, 
1889 to present time. 

Assistant Librarians: Mary Vosburg and Anna M. Kummer, 
to December, 1875; Bessie Willis, 1875-85; Mary Pauline Edgerton, 
1885-89; Mrs. Jennie M. Proehl, 1889 to present time. 

Akronians are justly proud of Akron's Free Public Librarj^, 
w^hich it is conceded is not only one of the very best equipped, in 
point of the extent and arrangement of its alcoves, and the judi- 
cious selection of its books and periodicals, but also one of the best 
managed institutions of its class in the State. 


Besides the frequently recurring popular lectures and other 
entertainments — literary and scientific — given under the auspices 
of Buchtel College, the Grand Army of the Republic, and the 
various church and other organizations of the city, the Young 
Men's Christian Association, has, during two decades, not only 
maintained a well supplied reading room, to v^^hich has recently 
been added an extensive gymnasium, but for several years past 
has given to the public, during the winter season, courses of ten 
lectures and musical entertainments by the very best talent of the 
country, at the extremely low figure of one dollar per course, their 
popularity not only rendering them self-sustaining, but affording a 
handsome surplus for the carrying forward of the other branches 
of the beneficent work of the association. 

Long may Akron continue to cherish and liberally sustain her 
magnificent " educational, literary, benevolent and Christian 




I^HIS chapter, giving an epitome of Akron's church history, is 
largely compiled from the more elaborate sketches furnished 
iDy pastors or prominent members of the several societies, with 
such emendations as the personal recollections of the writer furnish, 
and such statistical information obtained from official sources as 
to bring the matters written of down to the present date. 


This society, whose present church edifice is located on Kent 
street, near Arlington, in the Sixth Ward, is undoubtedly the oldest 
church organization in what is now the city of Akron. It was 
organized on the 15th day of December, 1831; by Revs. Benson C. 
Baldwin and Johi;i Hughes, with twenty-six members, one of whom, 
only, Mr. Edgar T. Chapman, now survives, though not now a 
member of the congregation; but we are without definite data as 
to when their house of worship was erected. Successive pastoss 
for twenty-four years were: Rev. Benson C. Baldwin, December 
1831 to September 1838; Rev. Abraham Sanders, October 1838 to 
October 1839; Rev. H. A. Sackett, July 1840 to June 1841; Rev. James 
Shaw, 1841 to 1845. 

About this time, by reason of differences growing out of the 
slavery question, quite a number vrithdrew from the society, and 
organized the Congregational Church of Middlebury, the parent 
church being ministered to by Rev. William Hanford in 1846; Rev. 
Horace Foote in 1847; Rev. Elroy Curtis, 1848 to 1854. Having 
harmonized their differences on the slavery question, the two 
societies re-united, as an independent church, in 1860, under Rev. 
William Dempsey, who continued to officiate as pastor until 1863, 
followed by Rev. Mr. Hicks for three years; Rev. G. Hall, three 
years; and Rev. Henry Avery three years. 

In 1874, largely through the influence of the late Ambrose L. 
Cotter, one of the original members, the society returned to the 
fold of the Presbytery, under whose auspices it has since remained. 
Late pastors: Rev. C. Barnes, 1874 to 1877; Rev. J. H. Jones, 1877 to 
1881; Rev. Dwight L. Chapin, September 1883 to 1889; Rev. Edward 
Eayport, May 1, 1889, to present time. Membership in 1883, thirty- 
^ve; present membership of 145; number scholars in Sunday 
School, 150. About 1885 the present fine brick church, with hand- 
somely decorated interior, Sunday School rooms in basement, etc., 
was erected, at a cost, for house and lot, of some $10,000; the old 

Akron's church history. 


well-known and well-worn brick church, south of the present fire 
station, after half a century's faithful public service, for religious 
meetings, political m(jetings, temperance meetings, lectures, con- 
certs, festivals, etc., having been razed to the ground. 


In the earlier years of it& 
existence, the few Presb}^- 
terians and Congregational- 
ists of the new village of 
Akron, used to meet from 
■week to week for conference^ 
prayer and praise at private 
residences, school houses, etc. 
In 1834 a Congregational 
church, amenable to Pres- 
bytery, was organized by 
Rev. John Pettit, and in 1835 
a small house of worship, a 
cut of -wrhich is here given, was erected on the present Court 
House grounds, but, on the location of the Court House at that 
point, in 1840, was removed to the corner of Quarry and High 
streets, and, after doing service for several churches, as elsewhere 
detailed until 1877, was removed to the rear of the present German 
Lutheran Church and used for the parochial school of that 
Society until 1889, -when it was torn down to make room for the 
nice brick house no^v standing there. 

The pulpit was supplied by Mr. Pettit, members of Western 
Reserve College and others, until 1836, when Rev. James B. 
Walker, a theological graduate from the college named, -was called 
to the pastorate, erecting for himself a dwelling house in the 
woods, which house for many years was owned and occupied by 
Richard S. Elkins, Esq., late of Ravenna, and is still standing- 
immediately north of the Windsor Hotel. In 1839, Mr. Walker 
resigned and was succeeded by Rev. James D. Pickands, who, 
unfortunately, embraced and preached the Second Advent doc- 
trines vsrhich so greatly agitated the religious world from 1840 to 
1846, as fully detailed in another chapter. 

In consequence of these heresies, 22 members withdrew from' 
the church in the Spring of 1842, and on the 2nd day of January^ 
1843, were formally organized, by a council convened for that 
purpose, consisting of Rev. Seagrove Magill, of Tallmadge, Rev. 
Joseph Merriam, of Randolph, Rev. Mason Grosvenor, of Hudson^ 
and Rev. William Clark, of Cuyahoga Falls, under the title of the 
"Second Congregational Church of Akron." 

July 3, 1843, nine others from the old, joined the new church, 
and the 31 members proceeded to organize by the appointment of 
Mr. Harvey B. Spelman, as Deacon, and Mr. Allen Hibbard, as 

Meantime, the embryo society, holding regular services m 
what was then known as the "Court Room," in the third story of 
the large stone block on the southeast corner of Howard and 
Market streets, had been ministered to by a young eastern theo- 
logian by the name of Isaac Jennings, who was ordained as the 



first pastor of the new church, on the 14th day of June, 1843. 
Measures were soon afterwards taken for the erection of a church 
edifice, which was accordingly built at the .corner of North Main 
and Tallmadge streets, at a cost of $1,800, which w^as dedicated in 
June, 1845. [This building in more recent years Mvas purchased by 
Mr. George Wulle, and used as a livery stable until destroyed by 
fire in 1887.] 

The pastorate of Mr. Jennings ceased in February, 1847, by 
resignation, being followed by Rev. W. R. Stevens, as stated 
supply, from November, 1847, until May, 1849, when Rev. 
Nathaniel P. Bailey, now of Massillon, assumed the pastorate, 
being ordained October 7, 1849. Mr. Bailey served until May 3, 
1856, and was followed by Rev. A. Duncasson, from February, 1857, 
to November, 1858; Rev. Abraham E. Baldwin, from 1858 to 1861 
(ordained in February, 1860) ; Rev. Carlos Smith, December 30, 1861, 
till the Winter of 1873; Rev. Thomas E. Monroe 1873 to the 
present time. 

By reason of the Second Advent delusions, the original First 
Congregational Church had gone to pieces, and its house of 
worship sold to the Disciples, so that the Second naturally became 
the First, by which title it is now known. 

born in Hopkinton, N. H., July 
17, 1801 ; married to Miss Susan 
Saxton, of Hanover, N. H., February 
20, 1827 ; inducted into the ministry 
at Utica, N. Y., by the Oneida Pres- 
tery in 1832 ; was pastor at Maulius, 
N. Y., four years ; Painesville, Ohio, 
eight years ; Massillon, three years ; 
Tallmadge, 14 years ; and of First 
Congregational Church in Akron 12 
years— 1861 to 1873. " Father Smith, " 
■was a general favorite with all 
classes — genial in his manner, and 
earnest in his pietj^, but remarkably 
liberal and tolerant of the views and 
feelings of others. Mr. and Mrs. 
Smith were the parents of twelve 
children, four of whom died in 
infancy and one — Eliza Mygatt — 
dying at 16 years of ag-e in Tallmadge, 
the seven survivors being: Louisa 
J., now Mrs. George Carter, of Jack- 
sonville, 111.; Charles Edward, a ph}'- 
sician in Palmyra, 111. ; Sarah Porter, 
now Mrs. Leavitt Bissell, of New 
York City ; Harriet Sanford, at home, 
in Akron ; Mary Clark, now Mrs. 
Robert McKee, of Waverly, 111.; 
Ellen Chase, at home ; and Ethan 
Sanford, attorney in Minnesota. Mr. 


and Mrs. Smith celebrated their 
golden wedding anniversary, Feb- 
ruary 20, 1877, Mr. S. dying April 22, 
1877, aged 7o years, 9 months and 5 
days, and Mrs. S. December 21, 1889, 
aged 84 years, 3 months and 24 days. 

At the beginning of Mr. Smith's pastorate there was a mem- 
bership of about 60, at its close 268, during which time a new 
house of worship, a fine brick structure, on High street, had been 
erected at a cost of some $40,000. 

Soon after Mr. Monroe's accession, a gallery was added to the 
seating capacity of the auditorium, and additional Sunday School 
facilities provided in the basement, at a cost of $5,000. The house 



being partially destroj^ed by fire, on February 2, 1881, additions 
and repairs were made to the extent of about $10,000, with a large 
new organ, there being a fine-toned bell in the tower, and a first- 
class clock, donated by one of Akron's best-known business men 
for nearly half a centur3^ Mr. Joseph E. Wesener. 

son of Job and Phcebe (Collins) 
Monroe, of Scotch descent, was born 
at Plainfield, Conn., April 28, 1829; 
raised on farm with common school 
and academical education ; at 17 
began teaching- in Rhode Island, 
continuingthree j'ears ; then entered 
a preparatory school in Providence, 
the 3'ear following- entering- Oberlin 
College, graduating from the clas- 
sical course in 1856 and from the 
theolog-ical course in 1858 ; ordained 
as a minister of the Gospel in 1859 b}^ 
the Cleveland Conference. Preaching 
one j^ear in Amherst, Lorain Countj^, 
in 1860 Mr. Monroe became the pastor 
of the First Congregational Church 
in Mount Vernon, the church mem- 
bership increasing during- his 
thirteen years pastorate from 150 to 
457 and the society building- a new 
church edifice at a cost of $38,000. 
April 1, 1873, Mr. Monroe became the 
pastor of the First Congregational 
Church of Akron, which position he 
still retkins; the society in the inter- 
vening 18 3'ears,besidesmaking-exten- 
sive improvements on its house of 
worship, having increased its mem- 
bership from 268 to 903, besides con- 
tributing- 100 of its members to the 
West Congregation a] Church, organ- 

First Congregational Church, South High 


ized in 1888. June 3, 1859, Mr. Monroe 
was married to Miss Hannah Mary 
Bernard, of Philadelphia, who has 
borne him one child — Pauline, now a 
teacher in the city of Philadelphia. 

The church has now nearly 
1,000 sittings, a roll of 903 mem- 
bers, 746 of whom are residing 
here at this time, besides having 
recently transferred 65 members, 
and a corresponding number from 
the Sunday School, to the West 
Congregational Church, spoken 
of elsewhere. Members of Sun- 
day School, officers, teachers and 
scholars in 1887, before division, 
600; after division, 510; now, 1891, 


Perhaps as early as 1830, a 
small M. E. class was organized 
in South Akron, and meetings 
held -with such occasional mini- 
strations as could be secured, 
Rev. John Janes, of the North 



Ohio Conference, among the number. Just when a church organ- 
ization was effected is not now ascertainable, though it was some- 
time previous to the arrival of the ■writer in the village, in the 
Summer of 1835, its meetings being then held in the school house, 
corner of South Broadway and Middlebury streets. 

In 1836 the erection of a house of worship, 40x50 feet in size, 
was commenced immediately east of the present brick structure, 
corner of Church street and Broadway, -which w^as completed and 
occupied the latter part of the following year. In the latter part of 
the Winter of 1840-^1 a protracted meeting of several weeks' 
duration, was held, during which, on the morning of March 17, 
1841, the house -was destroyed by fire, presumably from a defective 
flue, or from ignition of some portion of the woodw^ork, from the 
superheated stoves, the weather of the night before, ■while the ser- 
vices -were in progress, having been intensely cold, though it was 
uncharitably and unchristianly insinuated by each of the t^wo 
factions -who were at loggerheads on questions connected -with the 
building of the church, that the house had been purposely fired by- 
the other faction. 

D. D., — sou of Rev. David Day, 
was born in West Springfield, Mass., 
November 11, 1821, -when a boy re- 
moving with parents to Franklin 
Mills (now Kent), Ohio; educated in 
part at home, in part independentlj^ 
and in part under a tutor, but never 
attended college though later in life 
honored by Allegheny College in 
1865 with the degree of Master of 
Arts, and by Baldwin University in 
1869, with the degree of Doctor of 
Divinit5r. He was a man of deep 
learning, a thorough master of 
Greek, a devoted student of history 
and a great lover of scientific 
research, his large library embracing 
the whole range of literature, with 
every department of which he -was 
thoroughly f amil iar. He was 
licensed to exhort in 1843, and to 
preach in 1845,receiving elders' orders 
in 1849. Among the nearly two score 
appointments filled during a min- 
istry of nearly forty years, he 
was twice stationed in Akron as 
pastor of the First M. E. Church,— 
1855, '56 and 1868-'70, in all, five years, 
his last charge being Titusville, Pa., 
where he died October 23, 1882, his 
remains being interred in Akron 
Rural Ceinetery. Dr. Day was for 
27 years Secretary of the Erie Con- 
ference, and was twice honored with 


an election to the General Confer- 
ence— 1863 and 1872, his fidelity to his 
own Conference, however, leading- 
him to decline many teinpting calls 
to prominent localities in other Con- 
ferences. Dr. Day was married in 
1847 to Miss Ann Delia Grover, of 
Poland, C; of their four children two- 
only survive — Wilson M, now Presi- 
dent of Cleveland Printing and Pub- 
lishing Co., and Harriet, now Mrs- 
John H. Auble, of Akron. 

The house was soon afterwards rebuilt, upon the same founda- 
tion, facing west, as before, but in 1861, under the pastorate of 
Rev. J. D. Norton, the house was enlarged and remodeled, and 
made to front on Broadway, at a cost of $3,500. During the Cen- 
tennial year of Methodism in America, 1866, the sum of $30,000 was- 
contributed towards the erection of a new house of worship that 



should be commensurate with the rapidly increasing needs of the 
societ}^, and a fitting memorial to the beneficent aims and objects 
of the denomination and a credit to the city. 

The new structure was commenced in the Spring of 1867, 
immediatelj' west of the old, the Sunday School room, lecture 
room, etc., being dedicated on the 15th day of April, 1875, the old 
building being at this time sold to Mr. Ferd. Schumacher, who, 
moving it to the corner of Mill and Summit streets, fitted it up into 
a hotel called the " Cascade House, " subsequently removing it to 
the corner of Mill and Broadway, -where it is still doing duty as a 
part of the " Windsor Hotel, " though so disguised by its brick 
veneering as to be altogether unrecognizable by the former wor- 
shippers therein. 

The auditorium of the new 
structure -was completed in the 
Autumn of 1871, and dedicated in 
January, 1872, at which time over 
$32,000 was subscribed to clear 
the church from debt, the total 
cost of the new structure, fur- 
nishing, etc., being about $128,- 
000. It is a fine building, both 
externall3^ and internally, and its 
Sunda}- School rooms, planned by 
Messrs. Lewis Miller and Jacob 
Snyder, pronounced at the time 
to be the best in the world, though 
many others have since been 
modeled therefrom, both in the 
cities of the United States and 

Successive ministers to the 
church have been as follows: 
1836, Thomas Carr and John F. 
Holmes; 1837, Daniel M.- Stearns 
and Thomas Graham; 1838, Hor- 
atio N. Stearns; 1839, John Rob- 
inson and Caleb Brown; 1840, 
John Robinson and Benjamin K. Maltby; 1841, Ira Eddy and James 
O. Wood; 1842, Dr. Timothy Goodwin; 1843, William H. Hunter; 
1844-45, Edwin J. Kinney; 1846, Samuel Gregg; 1847, James R. 
Locke; 1848, Martin C. Briggs: 1849, Reuben J. Edwards; 1850-51, 
Ezra Jones; 1852-53, John Tribby; 1854, Gaylord B. Hawkins; 
1855-56, William F. Day; 1857-58, George W. Clarke; 1859, Thomas 
Stubbs; 1860-61, John D. Norton; 1862-63, John Peate; 1864, E. A. 
Johnson; 1865, '66, '67, D. C. Osborne; 1868, '69, '70, and till August, 
1871 Dr William F. Day; 1871 to 1874, W. W. Ramsay; 1874 to 1877, 
Hen'rv Baker; 1877, L A. Pierce; 1878 to 1881, W. W. Case; 1881 to 
1884, W. H. Pearce; 1884 to 1887, E. K. Young; 1887 to 1889, B. T. 
Vincent; 1889 to present time. Dr. Gilbert De La Matyr. 

Present membership, 1149; scholars in Sunday ■ School, 1069; 
Lewis Miller, Superintendent. Without disparagement to other 
faithful workers and liberal givers in this church, it may justly be 
said that to the munificence of Mr. Miller is the society very 
largely indebted for its present handsome church edifice, and, to 


First Methodist Episcopal Cliurch, < 
ner South Broadway and Churcli 



his wise management, for the unprecedented success and pros- 
perity of its model Sunday School. 


April 19, 1831, at the school house, corner of South Broadway 
and Middlebury streets, was organized the "Akron and Middlebury 
Baptist Church," Elder Caleb Green officiating as Moderator and 
Elder Amasa Clark as Scribe, the members of the new organiza- 
tion being: Horace Barton, Daniel B. Stewart, Henry H. Smoke, 
Mrs. Thirza J. Smoke, Miss C. Barton, Mrs. Elizabeth Burton, Mrs. 
Sally Smith, Miss Amanda Smith, Miss Elizabeth Stewart. March 
5, 1836, an act was passed by the Legislature, authorizing the 
incorporation of religious societies, this church being among the 
very earliest to avail themselves of its provisions, as will be seen 
by the following notice published in Akron's first newspaper, the 
JVeekljr Post, June 10, 1836: "To All Whom it May Concern. A 
meeting of the members of the Akron and Middlebury Baptist 
Church and Society will be held at the School House in South 
Akron, on Wednesday, the 16th inst., at 4 o'clock p. m., for the 
purpose of organizing under their charter." 

Arrangements were immedi- 
ately made for the erection of a 
house of worship, corner of South 
Broadway and Center streets, a 
cut of which is here given. 
Elder Eber Crane was regularly 
installed as pastor, and the house 
was built under his management, 
as the agent of the trustees; 
though considerable ill-feeling 
was engendered, by the trustees 
facing the building south, 
instead of west, as the other 
churches had been, and by alleged 
mismanagement on the part of 
Elder Crane and the building 
committee, resulting in a heated 
newspaper controversy, covering 
six or seven columns in the 
American Balance, and the 
holding of a church council, with 
Elder Levi Tucker, of Cleveland, 
as Moderator, on the 6th day of 
October, 1837. Though the dis- 
sensions alluded to were not 
entirely cured by the action of 
the council, the church was dedi-. 
cated on the 26th day of October, 
1837, Elder Tucker preaching the dedicatory sermon. 

In 1853 the society sold its original church structure to the 
German Reformed Society and purchased the original Universalist 
stone church, on North High street, which was dedicated to the 
uses of its new owners June 17, 1853, where they continuously 
-worshipped for over a third of a century. 

Original Baptist, late German Re- 
formed Church, corner of South 
Broadway and Center Streets. 
Erected in 1836-37. Torn 
down in 1890 



■•■^ ., —born in Manlius, N. Y., Feb- 
ruary 5, 1821, in infancj' removing 
with parents to Elbridge, N. Y., and 
in 1831, to Middle burj', Ohio; 
attended Village School winters and 
worked in father's sash factory sum- 
mers; taug-ht Southwest "Six Cor- 
ners" school, in Tallmadge, two 
winters; in 181:1 entered Western 
Reserve College, graduating in 1846, 
delivering the valedictory oration; 
taught one j^ear in Norwalk (O.) Insti- 
tute; in 1847 entered Theological 
department ^V. R. College, also 
acting as assistant editor of "Ohio 
Observer;" in 1848 attended Newton 
(Mass.) Theological Institute; in 
1849 returned to Hudson to com- 
plete studies and fill the chair 
of Latin and Greek in College; 
on graduating, in 1850, became pas- 
tor of EljTia Baptist Church; in 
1853 first pastor of the Third Baptist 
Church in Cleveland; in 1854 pastor 
of the Granville Baptist Church, dur- 
ing his eight years pastorate there 
establishing a Young Ladies' School 
now Shepardson College, its princi- 
pal building being named "Burton 
Hall"; in 1862 became pastor of the 
Pirst Baptist Church in Akron; dur- 
ing the rebellion serving for a time 
on the Christian Commission at 
Grant's Headquarters, City Point, 
Va.; in 1866 pastor of Ann Arbor 
(Mich.) Baptist Church; in 1871 pastor 
of Calvary Baptist Church, Daven- 
port, Iowa; in 1877 accepted Chair of 
Philosophy in Kalamazoo (Mich.) 
CoUen-e; in 1877 resumed the pastor- 
ate of the Church in Akron, remain- 
ing ten years, during that tiine 
officiating six months as President 


of Dennison Universit}- at Granville; 
in 1887 visited Europe, and on his 
return became pastor of the Need- 
ham (Mass.) Baptist Church, where 
he still continues. October 14, 1850, 
was married to Miss Sarah J. Fair- 
field, of Spring Arbor, Mich. They 
have five children — Henry F., Pro- 
fessor of Latin in the Universit}' of 
Rochester; Charles S., law^yer in 
Chicago; Nellie, wife of Prof. W. W. 
Beman, University of Mich.; Ernest 
D., Prof, of Greek, Newton Theologi- 
cal Institute, and Edward F., lawyer 
in Chicago. 

Successive Pastors, previous to 
first removal: Revs. Eber Crane, 
Henry Carr, Stephen Van Voris, 
C. A. Clark, J. Hall, David Ber- 
nard, Lewis Ransted, J. M. Greg- 
ory, J. C. Courtney, A. Joj^. Since 
removal: Mr. Joy continued until 
1855, followed by Rev. J. W. Ham- 
mond, one year; in 1856, by Samuel 
Williams, five years; in 1862, by 
Nathan S. Burton, four years; in 
1866, by Frank Adkins, two years; 
in 1869, by C. T. Chaffee, three 
years; 1872, by J. P. Agenbroad, 
one year; 1873, by Charles A. 
Hayden, three years; 1877, by Dr. 
Nathan S. Burton, ten years; in 
1887, by Rev. A. M. Waxman, 
whose pastorate terminated by voluntary resignation June 14, 1891. 

First Baptist Church, South Broad- 
way. Krected in 1889-90. 


At length, feeling the need of a more commodious house of 
worship in a more convenient locality, in 1888 the society pur- 
chased a handsome site on South Broadway, between Market and 
Mill streets, and in 1889 erected thereon a fine brick edifice with 
auditorium and Sunday School room on the same floor, and a light, 
airy basement for social meetings and other church purposes. 
The building is 76x106 in size and of handsome design, as will be 
seen by the fine engraving given herewith, the entire cost of lot, 
building and furnishing being about $40,000. 

Present membership of church 290. Present number of 
scholars in Sunday School, 250. 


Sundry Universalist ministers held religious services in 
Akron, from time to time, during the years 1835 and 1836, and 
during the early Summer of 1837 Rev. Freeman Loring organized 
a society of believers in that faith, holding his meetings in the 
third story of a building erected by Mr. Benjamin W. Stephens,. 
corner of Main and State streets, present site of Men^LU's pottery. 

Among the members of that congregation were Dr. Eliakim 
Crosby and family. Major Miner Spicer and family, Henry 
Chittenden and family, Watrous Mather and family, Jesse and 
Jacob Allen, and quite a number of other prominent business 
men of Akron and Middlebury; the choir, composed largely of the 
sons and daughters of the families above named, being one of the 
most attractive of any of the church choirs of the town or vicinitj-. 

Steps -were immediately taken for the erection of a suitable 
church edifice. Dr. Crosby furnishing a lot on North High street, 
and very largely defraying the cost of the building, the writer 
doing the glazing and general painting, to the extent of some $200, 
in part payment for two acres of ground on West Market street; 
our venerable fellow citizen, Mr. Curtis C. Wilcox, of 216 South 
Union street, then living in Middlebury, gilding and varnishing- 
the balusters of the gallery, settees, etc., this being the first 
church in Akron to have anything but stiff board pews and slip* 
for the seating of its worshippers. 

The church was built of stone, and was then one of the hand- 
somest structures of the kind in Ohio. The belfry was sur- 
mounted by a tall spire on the top of which, above 100 feet from 
the ground, was a gilded ball, two and a half feet in diameter, in 
the center of which were deposited such articles as are usually 
placed in the corner stones of similar edifices — church history, 
newspapers, coins, etc. 

Some thirty years later the belfry timbers had become sa 
decayed that, on Sunday, August 5, 1868, the steeple being likely 
to fall, to prevent possible serious accident, by attaching ropes to 
the lightning-rod connected therewith, it was pulled down, and in 
falling the ball was broken to pieces. Such of the contents as 
were found were in a fair state preservation, the copy of the 
Akron Buzzard encased by the writer in a sealed quinine bottle, 
being as clean and legible as when first printed, thirty-one years 




being Eliakim Crosby, Miner 

Surmounting the ball was an 
immense sheet-iron weather vane 
in the shape of an angel, with 
soaring wings, proclaiming to 
the whole world through a golden 
trumpet, the Glad Tidings of Uni- 
versal Salvation; the entire cost 
of the structure being about 
$8,00(). A fine-toned bell, pro- 
cured by subscription of citizens, 
was placed in the tower, and also, 
a year or two later a clock, inan- 
ufactured, and for many years 
kept in repair, by' the late Henry 
S. Abbey. The society -was also 
presented with a most excellent 
organ, by the late Jesse Allen — 
probably the pioneer church 
organ of Summit County. 

The society was incorporated 
by Act of the Legislature, Feb- 
ruary 4, 1839, the incorporators 
Spicer, Watrous Mather, Henry 

Chittenden and Jesse Allen. The house was dedicated in Novem- 
ber, 1839, the installation of Mr. Loring, as pastor, being included 
in the dedicatory services; the membership at this time being about 

one hundred persons. Though 
Mr. Loring had taken almost 
entire charge of the building of 
the church, laboring incessantly 
with his own hands, his pastor- 
ate, after its dedication, was of 
short duration, a feeling prevail- 
ing that though sound in doc- 
trine, and earnest in its promul- 
gation, he was not sufficiently 
cultured for so "metropolitan" a 
position, realizing which he tend- 
ered his resignation and removed 
to Suffield, Portage Count3r, where, 
after serving the church there for 
a number of years, he finally 

Mr. Loring was succeeded by 
Rev. Nelson Doolittle, for several 
years, followed by Rev. J. G. 
Foreman, the latter part of 1845, 
and in 1849 by Rev. Z. Baker. 
This latter gentleman leaning 
strongly towards the Spiritual- 
ist icfaith, which was then a prev- 
alent belief with many, alienated 
several members of the society 
^. ,, . ,. , ,.^ , . from the true faith, begetting an 

First Universaliat Church, corner of . ,.„ i • i i j -ii 

South Broadway and Mill Streets. indifference whlch, COUplcd With 



the serious financial embarrassment of its principal promoter, 
Dr. Crosby, caused the society to go to pieces, and in 1853 its house 
of worship was sold to the Baptists, as elsewhere stated. 

After an interregnum of nearly thirty years, a new organization 
was effected in November, 1872, with twenty members, Hon. John 
R. Buchtel, Moderator; Sanford M. Burnham, Clerk; Avery Spicer 
and Talmon Beardsley, Deacons. Rev. G. S. Weaver was chosen 
pastor, in April, 1873, the meetings of the society being held in 
the chapel of Buchtel College, then just completed. Mr. Weaver 
was succeeded by Rev. Henry L. Canfield, in 1876, followed by 
Rev. Everett L. Rexford, president of College, in 1878, and in Sep- 
tember, 1880, by Rev. Richard Eddy until July, 1881, and again by 
Rev. Dr. G. S. Weaver, from December, 1881, to December, 1883, 
followed by Rev. C. EUwood Nash, from May 1, 1884 to May 1, 
1891, succeeded June 7, 1891, by Rev. J. F. Thompson, of Jersey 
City, N. J. 

son of Rev. C. P. Nash, Univer- 
salist clergyman at Conneautville, 
Pa., was born in Warren County, N. J., 
March 31, 1855 ; removed to Michigan 
in 1856, and to Iowa in 1870 ; prepared 
for college at Prof. W. W. Curry's 
private school, Newton, Iowa; 
entered Lombard University, Gales- 
. burg. 111., as a sophomore, in 1872, 
graduating as A. B. in 1875, in college 
belonging to the Phi Delta Theta 
fraternity; in September, 1875, 
entered Tuft's Divinit}' School, Tuft's 
College, Mass., graduating as B. D. 
in 1878 ; delivered Master's Oration 
and received honorary degree of A. 
M. at Lombard University, in June, 
1878 ; was engaged as pastor at 
Abington, Mass., during divinitj^ 
course, from March, 1877, to March, 
1878 ; called to and accepted pastor- 
ate of church at Stainford, Conn., 
December, 1878, assuming pastorate 
there in julj^ 1878 ; was married to 
Miss Clara, M. Sawtelle, of Auburn, 
Me., December 31, 1878 ; went to New- 
ton, Mass. as pastor in June, 1881, 
and caine to Akron as pastor of the 
First Universalist Church, May 1, 
1884, continuing until May 1, 1891, his 
seven years pastorate here being 



highly satisfactory to the members 
of that societj', resigning to accept 
the pastorate of the Church of Our 
Father, Brooklyn, N. Y. Mr. and 
Mrs. Nash are parents of four 

During Mr. Rexford's pastorate, the rapidly growing congre- 
gation rendering such a step* absolutely necessary, the fine new 
house of worship, corner of Mill and Broadway, was erected at a 
cost of about $40,000, Mr. Ferd. Schumacher generously donating 
the lot, besides liberally contributing to the building and fur- 
nishing fund, Hon. John R. Buchtel also subscribing liberally to 
the various funds of the society. The present membership of the 
church is about 350; scholars -in Sunday School 325; teachers, 24. 


Though an occasional Episcopal family resided in the neigh- 
borhood, and though occasional services were earlier held, both 



St. Paul's Kpiscopal ChapeU corner East 
Market and South Forge Streets. 

in Middlebury and Akron, it was not until 1836 that a parish of that 
denomination was organized in Akron, under the auspices of 
Rev. William H. Newman, rector of St. John's Church, at Cuyahoga 
Falls, (originally organized in Stow in 1830), Rev. T. J. Davis 
assuming charge of the new church in 1838. The meetings of 
St. Paul's Church and society, like those of ' the other early 
churches named, were at first held in private houses and school 

houses, or, by courtesy, in the 
other churches of the village, and 
afterwards for some three or four 
years, in the second story of the 
"Old Stone Block" so often 
referred to in this work, on the 
southeast corner of Howard and 
Market streets. 

This building v^ras rather shab- 
bily constructed, and one, Sunday, 
in the latter part of 1840, when 
services were in progress, a sud- 
den storm, accompanied by high 
wind, toppled over one of the 
huge stone chimneys, with a por- 
tion of the heavy battlement, 
which went crashing through the 
roof and the third, second and 
first floors to the cellar. The 
congregation, fortunately, were 
not within the direct range of the falling mass, but, by the tilting 
of the floor a number of seats, with their occupants, were precip- 
itated into the cellar, and Mrs. Stephen Willard Powers and her 
mother, Mrs. Bush, Mr. George T. Ray, a young man named Morris 
Lyon, then -working for the ■write'r, and perhaps one or two others, 
were some-what bruised, but none of them were seriously injured. 
At this time the erection of a house of worship was under- 
taken, donations for the purpose, to the extent of $900, being made 
by friends of the church in Philadelphia, the balance of the cost 
of the structure to be raised by local subscriptions, principally of 
materials and labor — money being decidedly a cash article in Ohio 
in those days. The "chuckery" project, elsewhere alluded to, was 
then on the boom, several of its promoters being zealous Episco- 
palians, notably Dr. E. W. Crittenden, and "with the expectation 
that a fair proportion of the prospective inhabitants of "Sum- 
mit City," "would be of that faith, it was resolved to locate the new 
church so as to acommodate both said "city" and the "village" of 
Akron. Consequently the house was erected on North Maple street, 
below Hickory street, overlooking the Ohio Canal, facing North. 

Before this house was fully completed a contract was made 
with Mr. Lyman Cobb, then an enterprising business man of 
Akron, for the erection of a church edifice on South High street, 
Mr. Cobb taking the first named house and lot in part payment, 
■which -was at once converted into a tenement house, ever since, 
until recently torn down, well, and sometimes notoriously, known 
as the " Cobb House." Besides the turning in of this propertj^ and 
quite liberal contributions from citizens, the sum of $1,770 was 
contributed by outside parties. 



This new house, 40x60 feet in size, w^as dedicated June 27, 1844, 
the parish then numbering sixty communicants. In 1870 the house 
■was greatly enlarged and a new organ provided, and also a hand- 
some parsonage erected on North Summit street. In 1872, '73, new 
Sunday School rooms were added, at a cost of $4,000. Finding 
that this structure -was inadequate to the rapidly growing needs 
of the society, a commodious triangular lot, bounded on East Mar- 
ket, Forge and Fir streets, was purchased, in 1884, at a cost of 
$10,000, on which was erected a fine stone parish and Sunday 
School house, 72x88 feet, at a cost of $35,000, which was dedicated 
on the "Feast of Epiphany," January 6, 1885, the High street edi- 
fice being sold to the Hebrews, in 1885, for a synagogue, as else- 
where stated. 

It is the intention of the parish to erect, at an early day, an 
elegant and commodious church structure, and eventually a 
handsome rectory upon the same lot. Successive rectors of St. 
Paul's during the 52 years of its existence, have been as follows: 
1838, '37, Rev. Mr. Barrow; 1838-40, Rev. T. J. Davis; 1841-44, 
Rev. Lyman Freeman; 1844-47, Rev. Robert G. Cox; 1847, Rev. 
Mr. McElhinney; 1848, Rev. J. K. Stuart; 1850, Rev. E. H. Gum- 
ming; followed a year or two later, by Rev. R. S. Nash, and in 1854, 
by Rev. D. G. Maybin; 1855 to 1859, Rev. Edward Meyer; 1860, Rev. 
Henry Adams; 1863, Rev. Samuel Maxwell; 1866, Rev. W. T. Fitch; 
1869, Rev. Henry Gregory; 1870, the present incumbent, Rev. Dr. 
R. L. Ganter, twenty-one full years, and still popular and efficient. 

-•-^ D., — born in AUeg-heny, Pa., 
July 23, 1835 ; primary education in 
Catholic schools of Pittsburg-; 
entered Kenyon Grammar School, 
Gambler, Ohio, in Spring of 1851; 
graduated from Kenyon College . 
Classical Course, July, 1856, and from 
Bexley Hall Theological Seminary 
in 1859 ; ordained defacon of Episco- 
pal Church the same year ; Presbyter 
in 1860, then in charge of Grace 
Church, Mansfield, O.; entered army 
as private in 1861, and elected Chap- 
lin of 15th O. V. I.; in 1863 took charge 
of Trinity Church, Michigan City, 
Ind.; in 1865 called and accepted 
pastorate of Trinity Church, Iowa 
City, Iowa ; 1867 to 1870 superinten- 
dent of Johnson County (Iowa) public 
schools ; in October, 1870, on call, 
accepted Rectorship of St. Paul's 
Church, in Akron, which position he 
still holds, being now, in point of 
incumbency, the oldest minister in 
Akron. During his pastorate the 
Parish has grown from 80 communi- 
cants to 370, with four distinct eras of 
church improvement and building 
during that time, the last being the 
fine stone chapel, at intersection of 
East Market and Forge streets, a 
handsome engraving of which is 
herewith given. September 27, 1865, 
Dr. Ganter was married to Miss 
Henrietta D. Sanford, at Painesville, 

„ . ■ .•wr,i; 


Ohio. They have four children liv- 
ing—Anna S.; Leo S., at Warren, O., 
Charles R. and Maxwell. The Doc- 
tor is at present a trustee of his Alma 
Mater, and President of the Diocese 
of Ohio. 

Akron's church hIvStory. 201 

Membership: 1836, five communicants; 1837, nine; 1839, 
fifteen; 1844, sixty; 1888, 250 families, 370 communicants, 300 Sun- 
day School scholars, 36 teachers. 


The Disciples of Christ, or as they were then popularly, or per- 
haps derisively, called, "Campbellites," from the founder of the 
sect. Rev. Alexander Campbell, as early as 1830 began to teach 
their peculiar doctrines in this vicinity, and in 1339, organized a 
church in Akron, the meetings at first being held in private houses, 
school houses, halls, etc., the earlier preachers of the sect now- 
recalled by the writer being Elders William Hayden, E. B. Hub- 
bard, O. Newcomb, M. S. Wilcox, A. S. Hayden, Almon B. Green, 
R. Moffat, J. H. Jones Benjamin Franklin, Jasper J. Moss, etc. 

At the organization of the society, by Elders Bently and 
Bosworth, in 1839, there were thirty-two members, Levi Allen and 
Samuel C. Bangs being elected elders, and Webster B. Storer and 
Jonah Allen deacons. In 1843, a protracted meeting, conducted by 
Elders John Cochrane and John Henry, resulted in 49 accessions 
to the church. About 1845, the church property originally belong- 
ing to the Congregational society, corner of Quarry and High 
streets, was purchased, which was occupied until 1857, -when it 
was sold to the German Lutheran society, who later removed the 
house to the rear of the lot for school purposes, erecting in its place 
their present handsome brick structure. 

Tappan Hall, on East Market street, was now used for church 
purposes for about six years. In 1863 the present site, on South 
High street, was purchased and a handsome frame edifice was 
erected thereon, at a cost of $6,000, to which quite extensive and 
expensive improvements, from time to time, have since been 

Officiating pastors since 1845: Dr. William F. Pool, M. J. 
Streator, W. S. Gray, Warren Belding, J. Carroll Stark, J. G. 
Encell, J. O. Beardsley, L. R. Norton, R. L. Howe, Lathrop Cooley, 
John L. Rowe, R. G. White, Frank M. Green, C. C. Smith and Levi 
Marshall, the pastorate of the latter commencing October 29, 1885; 
F. A. Morgan, February 1, 1890 to December 1, 1890; E. A. Bosworth, 
April 1, 1891 to present time. 

In 1875, 80 members of the church, residing in that vicinity, 
withdrew from the society for the purpose of establishing a mis- 
sion in the Sixth Ward, which was later organized into the Sixth 
Ward Church of Christ, as elsewhere noted. Present membership 
of High street Church of Christ, about 500; scholars in Sunday 
School, 330; teachers, 29. 


The original of the church now organized under the above 
title, was one of the earliest church organizations of this vicinity 
—the Old Middlebury Methodist Church— and part of the ancient 
circuit, composed of Tallmadge, Brimfield, Mogadore, Pleasant 
Valley and Middlebury. It was made a separate charge in 1870, 
and in 1878 the old church edifice, corner Arlington and Exchange 
streets, was neatly remodeled, under the superintendence of Archi- 
tect Jacob Snyder, at a cost of $3,000. Among the earliest preachers 



in this church were Revs. Mr. Monck, and the present venerable 
Dr. George W. Clarke. Since, and including, 1869, the pastors of the 
church have been as follows: M. Williams, George Elliott, W. 
W. Painter, James Greer, J. H. Merchant, W. H. Wilson, J. B. 
Cory, R. F. Randolph, A. W. Arundel, W. L. Slutz, R. M. Fresh- 
water, M. W. Dallas, Rev. J. H. Conkle, Septembet 1887 to Septem- 
ber, 1890; Rev. J. K. Rader, September, 1890, to the present time. 
The present membership of the church is 150; Sunday School 
scholars 250. The society has recently constructed a comfortable 
parsonage, at 1016 East Market street. 


About 1842, the German Evangelical Protestant Congregation 
-was organized, erecting a small house of worship, of stone, on the 
side of the hill north of Doctor Scott's residence, on North High 
street, which building, devoted to secular purposes, is still stand- 
ing. In 1852, the Lutheran element withdrew and organized a 
separate congregation, and in 1855, the German Reformed element 
consolidated with the German Reformed Church, the latter having 
previously purchased the original Baptist Church structure, 
northwest corner of South Broadway' and East Center streets, the 
two branches mutually working for the cancellation of the debt 
against the church property. 

born at Barmen, Rhenish Prus- 
sia, April 11, 1831 ; in Spring of 1846 
entered counting house in Elberfield, 
two years later emigrating with par- 
ents to Wooster, Ohio ; here he served 
a three years' apprenticeship to trade 
of tanner and currier, at which he 
worked several years as journeyman 
in Ohio, PennS5'lvania, New York and 
Michigan ; in 1855, entered Marshall 
College, at Lancaster, Pa., graduating- 
in 1860 ; then for two years attended 
the thelogical seminary at Mercers- 
burg, Pa., graduating therefrom in 
1862 ; ordained to the ministry bj' the 
Philadelphia Classis of the Reformed 
Church June 15, 1862, immediately 
organized a congregation in West 
Philadelphia, known as the German 
Evangelical Reformed Emianuel's 
Church, building a fine house of 
worship and parsonage, with a mem- 
bership of 245 communicants ; also 
officiating as stated clerk of Philadel- 
phia Classis 10 years, clerk of Synod, 
etc., receiving the degree of D. D. from 
Ursinus College, Collegeville, Pa., in 
1880. November, 1880, Dr. Dahlman 
was called to the pastorate of the 
First German Reformed Church in 
Akron, which, as will be seen else- 
whei-e, he has served with eminent 


success to the present time, replacing 
the original frame church structure, 
erected in 1836, '37, with a fine brick 
edifice in 1890, '91. September 23, 1862, 
Mr. Dahlman was married to Miss 
Catharine M. Kopp, of Lancaster, Pa., 
who still survives. They have no- 

Services were held on alternate Sundays in German and 
English, by their talented young minister. Rev. L. C. Edmunds, 
but after his resignation, services in the German language, only, 



were maintained, with Rev. John F. Engelbach, as pastor. April 
27, 1857, articles of incorporation were filed under the name of the 
"First German Reformed Church of Akron, Summit tounty, 
Ohio." In the Fall of 1858, the German portion of the congrega- 
tion, bought the interest of the English portion in the church 
property, and are now the sole owners thereof. 

Mr. Engelbach resigned as pastor in 1860, followed by Rev. 
Robert Koehler, in 1861; Rev. J. D. Leeman, in 1864; Rev. John 
Baumgartner, in 1866; Rev. Christoph Schiller, in 1870; Rev. Julius 
Herold, in 1876; and Rev. Jacob Dahlman, D. D., the present 
incumbent, in 1880. 

In the tower of the church was a fine-toned 1200 pound bell, 
purchased by the citizens of Akron, in 1837, on condition that the 
then owners, the Baptists, should permit the "Town Council of 
Akron, and their successors in office, or their agents, thereunto 
lawfully authorized, to go in and out of the Baptist Church in 
Akron, free and unmolested forever, for the purpose of using said 
bell," said arrangement being ratified by the trustees of the church, 
Smith Burton, J. Rockwell, Robert K. DuBois, Richard Ho'sve and 
Joseph Cole, November 15, 1837, and by the Town Council of 
Akron, November 23, 1837; and for many years this bell was rung 
morning, noon and night, at stated hours, in sounding fire alarms, 
announcing public meetings, times of holding court, etc. 

The society finally feeling the 
need of more room, in 1890, '91 
replaced the old frame structure 
with an elegant brick edifice, of 
which a finely executed engrav- 
ing is here given, the old "Town 
Bell" ringing as clearly from its 
lofty tower, as it did from the 
belfry of the old house when first 
suspended therein 54 years ago. 
The cost of the new building, 
wth fixtures, organ and furniture 
complete, being $27,000. Dedi- 
cated May 3, 1891. 

The present membership of the 
church is 575; Sunday School 
scholars, 200; teachers 25. The 
society formerly, for several years, 
sustained a separate parochial 
school, but at present only main- 
tains said school during the 
vacation of the public schools, 
teachers being paid by tuition 
fees from the pupils in attend- 
ance. Church services are in the 
German language, though the 
pastor conducts missionary ser- 
vices every month in English. 
This society has fine cemetery 
grounds (seven acres) of its own, "Mount Peace," on Aqueduct 
street, north of West Market street, one of the finest locations for 
burial purposes in the vicinity. 

New German Reformed Church— corner 

South Broadway and East Center 

Streets— 1891. 




This society was organized in the original Universalist Church, 
March 5, 1853, by Rev. N. Gher. In 1863 its first house of worship 
was established, by the purchase of the Congregational Church, 
of Middleburj^, and removing it to a lot purchased for that pur- 
pose on South Broadway, south of Mill street. This building, 
comfortably fitted up, served the purposes of the society until 1881, 
when the present fine brick structure, 52x80 feet in size, was 
erected on the same site at a cost of $15,000. Successive pastors 
from one to three years each: Revs. N. Gher, P. J. Spangler, L. 
Edmunds, J. Schlosser, J. F. Helm, William McCaughey, W. H. 
H. Snyder, S. S. Miller, J. M. Mickley, and I. K. Graff. In 1868 Rev. 
Edward Herbruck assumed the pastorate, remaining four years, 
followed by Rev. M. Laucks, about two years, and by Rev. Emil P. 
Herbruck from April 1876, to September, 1886, Rev. J. B. Shontz 
succeeding January 1, 1887, to May 1, 1888 succeeded in turn, Octo- 
ber 1, 1888, by Rev. R. C. Zartman, to April 12, 1891, succeeded by 
Rev. E. R. Williard, from TjfBn, July 1, 1891. Present member- 
ship 640; Sunday School scholars and teachers 600. 


eldest son of Ernest and Clara 
Elizabeth Lothman, -was born in the 
villag-e of Buer, Kingdom of Han- 
over, January 31, 1845, at two and a 
half years of age removing with par- 
ents to Cleveland, Ohio ; attended 
Cleveland parochial schools until 
confirmed, in 1858, when he entered 
Concordia College, at Fort Wayne, 
Ind., graduating therefrom in 1862 ; 
then entered Concordia Univer- 
sity, at St. Louis, Mo., from which 
he was graduated in June, 1866 ; 
August 19, of that J^ear, ordained into 
the ministry, preaching in the Ger- 
man Lutheran Lhurch, of Elyria, 
Lorain Count3^ and Liverpool, 
Medina Count}', on alternate Sab- 
baths, six years ; in August, 1872, 
became pastor of Zion's Lutheran 
Church, in Akron, a fine new church 
edifice, and a commodious parish 
school building having been erected 
by the societj' during his pastorate. 
The sketch of the church here given 
will show the success of his nearly 
twenty years' pastorate in Akron. 
June 20, 1867, he was married to 
Miss Betty Husinann, daughter of 
Rev. F. W. Husmann, of Euclid, Ohio, 
who has borne him six children — 
Emma, J^ydia, Ida, Edwin, Gertrude, 


and Clara, all still living at home. 
August 19, 1891, the silver anniver- 
sary of Mr. Lothman's ministry was 
dvily celebrated b}' his parishoners, 
a number of his brother ministers 
from Cleveland and other points 

This society was organized August 6, 18.54, by Rev. P J. Buehl. 
In 1855 the society purchased from the Disciples, the house and 
lot formerly belonging to the Congregationalists, corner South 



High and Quarry streets. Rev. G. Th. Gotsch succeeded Mr. 

Buehl, in 1864, the present incumbent, Rev. H. W. Lothman assum- 
ing the pastorate in 1872. The 
rapidly increasing membership 
making more room absolutely nec- 
essary, a fine new brick church, 
50x100 feet in size, with a 150 feet 
spire, was erected on the site 
named, the old house being re- 
moved to the rear of the lot and 
relegated to the purposes of a Par- 
ish School. 

The cost of the new edifice was 
$16,000. The house was dedicated 
on the 16th day of September, 
1877, with impressive ceremonies. 
The society is composed of 250- 
families and about 700 com- 
muni cants. Sunday afternoons 
the pastor gives catechetical 
instruction to young and old. 

Uf'IB'nH 1 ^l-3"fll:^ ■?!■'.' ''-'Hf^^H Society maintains a parish week 
°jSi"B "^slf-i f^l^^H^^g day school, which children of 

members attend until confirmed, 
at the age of 13 or 14 years, when 
they are sent tothe public schools. 
A new parish school house, a 
handsome two story brick build- 
ing, was erected in 1889, the old frame house after continuous 
service for church and school purposes for 54 years, being razed 
to the ground. 

German Lutheran Church, corner 
South High and Quarry Streets. 


This society is an off-shoot from the High street Church of 
Christ, as elsewhere intimated. At a meeting held at Mershon's 
Hall, March 30, 1875, a letter of dismissal from the parent church 
wras asked for, in which the memorialists said: "We are moved to 
take this step by one motive, viz., for the greater usefulness in the 
cause of our Lord and Master. With many of us this is a painful 
duty, but a duty we think we owe to the community in which we 
reside, in order to a proper upholding and advancement of that 
cause we all profess to desire to see prosper." 

The letter was granted, and the new church was duly organ- 
ized, to be kno-wn as the "Church of Christ in Middlebury," with 
80 members, and the following officers: H. T. White, Mendal 
Jewett and Almon Brown, elders; Geo. F. Kent, and Thaddeus H. 
Botsford, deacons; F. W. Inman, C. H. Palmer, and R. Whitmore,^ 
financial committee; S. C. Inman, clerk; A. Thompson and William 
Youmans, ushers; F. W. Inman, Geo. F. Kent, R. Whitmore, M. 
Jewett and T. H. Botsford, trustees. 

In 1878 and 1879, a handsome brick church edifice was erected 
on Broad street at a cost of $6,000. Successive pastors of ,the 
church have been as follows: Elder H. J. White, two years; Elder 
Frank M. Green, half time from July, 1877, to April, 1888; Elder J.. 



W. James, April, 1878, one year; Elder W. H. Rogers, November, 
1879, six month; Elder T. D. Butler, one year; Elder Jasper J. Moss, 
three months; Elder S. A. Wurts, six months, ending September 
20, 1882; Elder A. B. Williams, April 1, 1883, to April 1, 1887; Elder 
J. J. Moss, three months; Elder Frank W. Norton, July 1, 1887, to 
February 1, 1890; S. C. Humphrey, June 1, 1890, to present time. 
The society was duly incorporated as the "Second Church of 
Christ, Akron, Ohio," September 1, 1887. Present officers: Elder, 
Charles T. Inman; clerk, Edwin Corl; deacons: John Harrison, 
Sidney C. Inman, John B. DeHaven, George Viall, John Roberts, 
George F. Kent. Present membership, 150; scholars in Sunday 
School, 90; teachers, 10. 


The English Evangelical Luth- 
eran Church of the Holy Trinity 
was organized in the Spring of 
1870, through the efforts of Rev. 
W. A. Passavant, D. D., of Pitts- 
burg, and Rev. S. Laird, with 
about thirty members. The first 
regular pastor was Rev. U. P. 
Ruthrauff, during whose pastor- 
ate the beautiful gothic brick 
church edifice, on Prospect street, 
was erected, at a cost, including 
parsonage, of $45,000. The 
church was dedicated in June, 
1872, soon after which Mr. Ruth- 
rauff resigned, and was suc- 
ceeded by Rev. J. F. Fahs, Octo- 
ber 2, 1872. After a service of 
nearly ten years, Mr. Fahs was 
succeeded by Rev. Dr. J. B. Hel- 
wig, four 3'ears, the present 
incumbent. Rev. M. J. Fiery, 
commencing his pastorate 
December 1, 1886. 

The present membership of the Church is 425; scholars in 
Sunday School, 450; teachers, 25. 


This society was organized in 1887, by Rev. A. J. Bucher, a 
small but neat and convenient house of worship having previously 
been erected on the corner of East Exchange and Pearl streets 
which was dedicated December 12, 1886, Rev. J. C. Gerlach, the 
present Pastor, succeeding Mr. Bucher, October 6, 1888. Present 
membership, 55; Sunday School scholars, 60; teachers, 12. All 
services in German. 

Trinity Lutheran Church and Parson- 
sonage— Prospect Street. 


Xhis society was organized in October, 1882, by Rev. J. Excell, 
with 12 members and one Sunday School scholar. A snug little 
house of worship, 30x45 feet in size, was built on the corner of Hill 


and James streets in 1884, at a cost for lot and building, of $3,200 
Successive Pastors : J. Excell, one year ; S Castorline, two years • 
H. J. Becker, one year ; C. Whitney, two years : C. N. Queen 1888' 
1889; Rev. Vernon L. Fry, September 1889 to September 1890; Rev. 
J. F. Shepard, September 1890 to present time. Present member- 
ship, 230; Sunday School scholars, 150; teachers and officers 14. 


This society was organized in 1866, by Rev. H. F. S. Sichley, 
with 14 members, Benjamin Stahl, leader. In 1867 it was made a 
Mission, by Conference, under charge of Mr. Sichley. A church 
edifice was commenced the same year, and the basement com- 
pleted and dedicated October 6, 1867, by Presiding Elder, Rev. 
John Stull, the main audience room being dedicated May 3, 1868, 
by Bishop Joseph Long; the structure, outside of considerable 
work and material contributed by individual members, costine- 
about $4,000. ' ^ 

This house though considerably enlarged and improved, being 
still inadequate to the rapidly growing needs of the society, an 
entirely new church edifice was erected in 1888-89 on the front end 
of the lot, corner of Bartges and Coburn streets. Size of building 
(frame) 54x100 feet, its cost being $12,340; seating capacity 1,000. 

Successive Pastors since organization: Revs. Jesse Lerch, A. 
Swartz, H. E. Strauch, A. E. Driesbach, S. S. Condo, A. Vander- 
soll, L. W. Hankey, J. B. Kanaga, S. S. Condo, D. C. Eckerman, J. 
A. Hansel, and E. M. Spreng, the latter assuming the pastorate in 
September 1890. Present members of Church, 390; teachers and 
scholars in Sunday School, 500, 


At quite an early day, the construction of the Public Works of 
Ohio centering a large Catholic element at this point. Catholic 
services were occasionally held in the private houses of the mem- 
bers of that faith. Father Henni, afterwards Archbishop of Mil- 
waukee, 1835, coming on horseback from Cincinnati and saying 
mass in the cabin of the late James McAllister, then living in the 
village of Akron; Rev. J. B. Purcell, afterwards Archbishop of 
Cincinnati, Rev. Louis De Groesbriand, Father McLaughlin, 
Father Basil Short and others, holding services fiom time to time, 
the latter attending to the baptising of children, etc., from 1837 
to 1842. 

A small frame house was commenced on Green street, in t843, 
by Father M. Hov^rard, who retained charge of the congregation to 
1844. Father Cornelius Daly in charge from 1845 to 1848, enlarged 
and finished the house begun by Father Howard, Father Daly 
being the first resident pastor. Succceeding pastors have been 
Rev. Cassina Moavet, October 1848 to June 1850; Father Goodwin, 
June to December, 1850; Rev. Francis McGann, December, 1850 to 
August 1855; Rev. L. Molon, January, 1856, followed by Rev, 
Thomas Walsh and Rev. W. 0''Connor for about three years; Rev. 
M. A. Scanlon from Juiy, 1859 to November, 1873; Rev. 
Timothy Mahoney from November, 1873, to August 1, 1880, at 
which time the present incumbent. Rev. T. F. Mahar, assumed the 
pastorate of th^ congregation. 



—son of Thomas and Ann 
(Hart) Mahar, both natives of the 
United States, was born at Scranton, 
Pa., September 28, 1851, in 1862 entered 
St. Mary's College, in Cleveland, 
where he remained four years, then 
attended St. Louis College, at Louis- 
ville, Stark County, three j^ears. In 
1869 he went to Rome, Italy, where 
he pursued his ecclesiastical studies 
six years, there receiving the degrees 
of Ph. D. and D. D. In 1875 came to 
Cleveland, where he was made 
Assistant Pastor in St. John's Cathe- 
dral, serving in that capacity five 
j'ears. August 1, 1880, b}- appoint- 
ment of Bishop Gilmour, Father 
Mahar became the Pastor of St. 
Vincent de Paul's Church, of Akron, 
his ministrations having been 
attended with signal success to the 
present time,, as will be seen bj' the 
historj' of the church, given else- 
where, not only having charge of St. 
Vincent de Paul's Church proper, 
on West Market Street, with a inem- 
bership of 275 families, but of St. 
Mary's division, on South Main 
Street, with a membership of nearly 


100 families, (soon to be erec.ed into 
an independent parish), with his 
brother. Rev. William G. Mahar, as 
his assistant. 

On St. Patrick's Day, 1864, the present imposing stone church 
edifice, 50x100 feet in size, corner of West Market and Maple streets 
was begun, the exact date of its dedication not being remembered 
by the writer. The architecture is of the Roman order, the 
interior being handsomely stuccoed, and its twelve large windows 
being of elaborately stained glass, emblematical of sacred Bible 
characters and scenes, the kej^stone of each -window arch, upon 
the outside, being the finelj' carved head of some of the more 
prominent Saints of the Roftian Calendar. The tower, and the 
furnishing have not yet been full}' completed, though the tower 
now contains a large, fine-toned bell, placed there by the congrega- 
tion, and a first-class clock, procured by general contributions of 
citizens. The estimated cost of building, when complete is $50,000.. 
This society has a handsomely laid-out cemetery, fronting on 
West Market street, opposite Portage road, consisting of about 
seven acres of ground, the original cost of vi'hich wras not far from 
$2,500. , 

The society also in 1887 erected, immediately east of the 
church, an elegant brick parsonage, at a cost of $5,000. The con- 
gregation consists of 275 families, or 1,500 souls. 


To accommodate the rapidly increasing "South End" member- 
ship of the above named society, gt. Mary's Division was organ- 
ized and a fine brick building, 36x62 feet in size, two stories high,, 
was erected in 1887, on South Main Street, opposite McCoy Street, 
in -which, besides being used for a parish school, as elsewhere- 
stated. Father Mahar has hitherto held regular services every 
Sunday afternoon, but is now assisted in his ministrations to that 



branch of the Church, bj- his brother, Kev. William (.i. Mahar. 
There are at present connected with this division 100 families, or 
about 500 souls. It is the intention to erect a commodious brick 
church edifice upon the same lot at an early day. 


Originally all of the different nationalities subscribing to the 
Roman Catholic faith, residing here, were embodied in the one 
church organization of St. Vincent de Paul. Owing to the rapidty 
increasing German element in that denomination, an amicable 
separation was effected in 1861, twenty-three families, of the Ger- 
man-speaking portion, at that time forming a new societj^ under 
the title of " St. Bernard's Catholic Church. " The new society was 
placed in charge of Rev. Father Loure, of St. Peter's Church, 
Cleveland, by whom the corner-stone of a new church, northeast 
corner of South Broadway and Center streets, was laid in 1862. 
The new church was completed and occupied in January, 1863. 

born in Rening-, France, Mai;ch 
2, 1834, moving with parents to Mon- 
roe, Mich., in 1847 ; at 20 entered 
Assumption College, at tandwich, 
Ontario, remaining there three j'ears; 
then entered St. Thomas College, 
near Bardstown, Ky., from which he 
graduated in 1859; then spent one 
3'ear in St. Mary's College, Cleveland, 
studied Theology at Assumption 
College three years, ordained priest 
in 1863, and located at Eagle Harbor, 
Mich., with a territory 55 miles in 
length, embracing three churches, 
sixteen missions and over 1,000 
families, in making' his semi- 
monthly visits to the churches and 
monthly visits to the missions often 
traveling long distances on foot. In 
1866, Father Broun assumed the pas- 
torate of St. Bernard's Church, in 
Akron, in whose spiritual and tem- 
poral interests, for dver a quarter of 
a century, with the exception of two 
brief visits to Europe, in 1873 and 1890, 
he has labored with phenomenal 


success, as full}' set forth in the his- 
torj' of that church, elsewhere given. 

First cost of structure not remembered, but accessions and 
improvements to the church property have since been made as 
follows: 1865, residence of pastor, $2,200; 1866, cemetery, 4% acres, 
$2,500; 1867, school house, $1,400; 1868, renovation of church, $1,150; 
1870, two bells, $1,350; 1874, necessary improvements, $1,200; 1877, 
bell tower, $2,600 ; frescoing church, $400 ; large bell, $946 ; 
other improvements, $200; 1880, addition to the church, $12,000; 
enlargement, heating, etc., of parsonage, $4,000; interior of church — 
altars, statues, candelabra, etc., $3,000. As will be seen by an item 
in a preceding chapter, the society has recently purchased two 
large lots abutting on South Broadway, Center and State streets, 
at a cost of $9,000, on which it has erected a parish school building 



costing $35,000, and on the south part of which it is the intention 
of the society to build an imposing church edifice, or cathedral, in 
the near future. 

Pastors of church since Father Loure: 1862, Rev. Louis Shiele, 
the first regular pastor; 1863, Rev. Peter Donnerhoffe; 1866, the 
present incumbent. Rev. John Broun. Present membership 
between 400 and 500 families or nearly 2000 souls. Children in 
schools about 500. 


Though a number of Hebrew merchants commenced doing 
business in Akron as early as 1845, and that class of our population 
increased from year to year, no steps were taken towards the 
organization of a congregation of that faith until 1865. April 2, of 
that year, a legal organization was effected, with Michael Joseph, 
Theo. Rice, J. L.Joseph, S. B. Hopfman, Simon Joseph, H. W. Moss, 
Isaac Levi,_S. M. Ziesel, Moses Joseph, Herman F. Hahn, J. N. 
Leopold, D. Leopold, Louis Calish, Caufman Koch and Jacob 
Koch, as charter members. Being reluctant to call upon other 
denominations, or the public generally, in providing for them- 
selves a house of worship, for four years after its organization the 
association had no fixed place for holding its meetings, but in 1869 
fitted up a room in the third story of Allen's block for synagogue 
and school purposes. This was occupied until 1874, vsrhen new 
rooms were fitted up in Clark's block, on the opposite side of 
Hovsrard street, which, in turn, gave place to still more commo- 
dious quarters in the third story of the new Barber block, cor- 
ner of Howard and Cherry streets, in 1880, over $1,000 being 
expended in fitting up the latter, nearly as much more, probably, 
being expended upon the two former. 

In 1885 the former house of St. Paul's Episcopal Church, on 
South High street, vsras purchased for the sum of $4,500, and refitted 
for a Jewish Temple, at an additional cost of $2,000. In this pur- 
chase and improvement, outside aid to the extent of $2,500 was 
accepted from citizens generally, the members of this societj' ever 
doing their full share in the business and benevolent enterprises 
of the day. The congregation some time ago purchased land for 
burial purposes, adjoining the Akron Rural Cemetery, on the west, 
but afterwards transferred the same to the Cemetery Association, 
in exchange for a section of the southeast corner of the cemetery 
grounds, paying the association $1,000 additional in money. 

The Jewish population in Akron is probably about 300 sotils, 
175 of whom are adherents of this branch of the church, the 
remainder, composed mostly of other nationalities than the Ger- 
man, being knovsrn as " Orthodox Jews," which has no Rabinical 
head at the present time. 

The number of paying members — heads of families — of the 
High Street Society is about 125, with about 40 Sabbath School 
scholars, the children attending the public schools during the 
week, the Rabbi giving them lessons in German and Hebrew four 
times a week, the regular religious services of the congregation 
being held on Friday evening of each week. Successive ministers 
to the congregation have been: Revs. N. Hirsch, N. L. Holstein, 



J. Jesselson, A. Suhler, A. Schreier, A. Burgheim, S. M. Fleisch- 
man, B. Rabbino and Rabbi Joseph Wasserman, the present 


About 1885, owing to the rapid increase of the protestant 
population in the west" part of the city, and especially in view of 
the somewhat plethoric status of the First Congregational Society 

worshipping on South High 
street, a new society upon the 
West Side began to be talked of, 
when Mr. Lorenzo Hall gener- 
ously proposed to donate a lot 
for the proposed new church, on 
the northwest corner of West 
Market and North Balch streets. 
The proposition was accepted, 
and a tasty frame structure, 
50x50 feet in size, vs-ith light and 
airy Sunday School rooms in 
basement, was completed i n 
December, 1887, at a cost of $6,300. 
The church was duly organ- 
ized April 12, 1888, with 65 mem- 
bers from the parent society, and 
others, the present membership 
of the new society (August, 1891), 
being 225; Sunday School teach- 
ers and scholars, 400. 

May 13, 1888, Rev. David T. 
Thomas, a graduate of Lane 

West Congregational Church, corner 
West Market and Aorth Balch 


REV. DAVID T. THOMAS,— second 
son of Thomas E. and Marg^aret 
Thomas, was born in Penycae, Mon- 
mouthshire, South Wales, July 20, 
1857, emigrating- with parents to Min- 
eral Ridge, Mahoning County, Ohio, 
in 1864, three years later moving to 
Broofcfield, Trumbull Covinty, work- 
ing at coal mining; in 1876 worked on 
farm near West Farmington ; in 1877 
attended commercial college in 
Youngstown ; then clerked in grocer}^ 
store in Sharon, Pa., fifteen months ; 
in 1879 entered preparatory depart- 
ment of Western Reserve College, at 
Hudson, going to Cleveland on 
removal of colle;ge thither, and gradu- 
.ating from Adelbert University in 
June, 1885. In Fall of that year 
entered Lane Theological Seminary, 
at Cincinnati, graduating therefrom 
in May, 1888, previous to graduation 
accepting call to the pastorate of the 
West Congregational Church of 
Akron, entering upon his ministerial 
labors May 13, 1888, and continuing to 
the present time. January 5, 1889, 
Mr. Thomas was married to Miss 
Millie H. Alexander, daughter of the 
late David S. and Sarah (Hale) Alex- 


ander. They have one child — Ruth 
born June 19, 1891. 



Theological Seminary, at Cincinnati, became the pastor of the new 
church (his first regular charge,) though not as yet regularly 
installed. Taken all in all, the West Congregational Church is 
one of the most prosperous of the younger religious societies in 
the city. 


For a number of years the colored people of Akron have main- 
tained, -with more or less vigor, distinct religious organizatiofts^ 
the present society known as the African Methodist Episcopal Zion 
Church, having been in existence some t-welve or fifteen years. 
At first meetings were held in private houses and halls, but after 
the erection of the present Perkins School building, the old frame 
school house -was purchased and removed to the present site of 
Andrew Jackson's lumber office, on Exchange street, east of Ohio 
Canal. This point being needed for business purposes, about 1882, 
through the aid and under the auspices of the Ladies' Home Mis- 
sionary Society, a lot -was purchased on South High street, between 
Cedar and Chestnut streets, and the house in question removed 
thereto and dulj^ fitted up and furnished. For some time church 
and Sunday School services -were conducted under the auspices of 
the white ladies of the Missionary Society, but no-w -wholly by the 
colored people themselves — regular morning and evening services 
every Sunday, -with Sunday School in the afternoon. Among the 
pastors of this church have been Rev. P. R. Anderson, five years; 
Rev. Charles H. Docket, one year; Rev. A. B. Mathe-ws, t-wo years; 
Rev. P. R. Anderson (second time), one year; Rev. J. H. McMuUen, 
one year, and present incumbent, Rev. George Cliff. Present 
trustees (1891): Isham Smith, Milton Taylor, Richard Jones, 
James Morrison, Wilson Gross. Present membership, 25; Sunda}- 
School scholars, 25; teachers, 5. 


This society has been organized about 10 years, but having no 
house of worship of its own, meetings are at present held in a 
hall on Howard street, Rev. Cheatham, of Cleveland, officiating 
every other Sunday. Membership, 25; Sunday School scholars 
and teachers, 40. 


The rapidly increasing population of the region known as 
"North Hill," rendering better church and Sunday School facili- 
ties an imperative necessity, a Union Sabbath School was organ- 
ized, and a suitable building for general religious services erected 
on North Howard street extension in 1889. The interest manifested 
in this enterprise by the people of that vicinity, soon created a 
demand for distinctive church privileges, and on October 1, 1890, 
Rev. E. D. Wettach organized Trinity Reformed Church, with a 
present membership of 150, and a Sunday School of 270 scholars and 
teachers, a Sunday School building, with seating capacity for 350, 
having been erected at a cost of $3,800 with the intention of adding 
thereto a more commodious church structure at an early day. 


February 1, 1891, Rev. O. A. Curry organized, in the Union 
Sunday School House, a new M, E. Church, under the above title^ 

Akron's church history. 213 

the present pastor being Rev. Mark G. McCaslin, of Kent. 
Present membership, 60: Sunday School scholars (union) 75 to 100. 
This new societj' have secured a lot at corner of North Howard 
street and Tallmadge avenue and have already (July, 1891) a fund 
of $3,000 towards the erection of a house of worship. Trustees: 
Wilson Treash, George L. Hanl^s, George Rittenhouse, Henry 
Zink, Robert Turner, Andrew Jackson and B. C. Herrick — Treash 
and Zink, leaders. 


The young people of the High Street Church of Christ, feeling 
the necessity of Missionary work in the south-western portion of 
the citj', in June, 1889, organized a Mission Sunday School in that 
locality, -with such marked success that on Sunday, July 12, 1891, 
a handsome chapel, corner of Wabash and Euclid avenues, costing 
.$2,400, was dedicated. The Sunday School membership is now 
(July, 1891) 140 with 12 teachers and officers. Church organiza- 
tion, proper, not yet perfected. 


This is also a Mission enterprise, organized in March, 1891, 
under the auspices of the High Street Church of Christ, services 
thus far having been held in the Falor school house, though the 
erection of a house of worship at an early day is in contemplation. 
Present membership (July, 1891) 58; Sunday School scholars 
.(union) 91; teachers and officers, 15. 


Organized February 1, 1891; present place of worship 
Sherbondy Hill school house, Rev. Wellington Besaw; present 
membership (July, 1891), 21; Sunday School scholars, 100. 


Organized under the auspices of the Evangelical Lutheran 
Synod, by Rev. E. M. Engers, of Defiance, in Germania Hall, on 
Sunday, July 12, 1891, with a membership of 14. Temporary 
officers; Frank Werner, president; Fred Albright, secretary; 
Christian Reinhard, treasurer. 


Under the auspices of the First Congregational Church, in 
which a union Sunday School is maintained with about 180 
scholars, and regular preaching by Rev. Clinton W. Wilson. 


Organized May, 1890, in hall, 200 East Market street; Rev. 
George E. Burnell, pastor; Trustees: Herbert P. Hitchcock, chair- 
man, Charles M. Huntley, Earl D. Shepard; membership 50; 
Sunday School 50. 



Organized January 29, 1889: Services every other Sunday by 
Rev. G. M. Nilseneus, of Cleveland; deacons, John Petterson, Nels- 
Nelson, Nels Bengtson; trustees, Gustof Carlson, Gustof Johnson, 
John Olson; church edifice on Roswell street, 28x45, two stories 
and basement, erected in 1891; membership 75; Sunday School 78. 


At a special meeting of the Cleveland Presbytery, in 1891, a 
committee, consisting of Revs. EdwardLayport, A. J. Hall, Charles- 
S. Pomeroy and John C. Elliott, were appointed to look over the 
ground, with the view of organizing a new Presbyterian Church in 
the central portion of the cit}^. It is understood that the com- 
mittee is meeting with such encouragement, in the way of pledges, 
that an organization vsrill soon be effected, and a commodious 
house of MTorship erected, though the exact location has not yet 
been definitely decided upon. 


This Association has been in existence several years, its aim 
and object tersely stated in article 2, of its Constitution, as fol- 
lows: "To cultivate mutual acquaintance and the social element;, 
to discuss local and social problems, and to secure, as far as possi- 
ble, harmony and united action on questions of public expediency." 

At first the constitution provided that all resident ministers, 
in good and regular standing in their respective denominationsr 
might become members by invitation of the Association, through 
its Secretary, but an amendment, passed September 8, 1885, 
extended the privileges of the Association to all clergymen resi- 
dent in Summit County. 

The officers are: president, vice president and secretary,, 
elected annually. Regular meetings are held every two w^eeks, 
except during the months of July and August, with such special 
meeting as the best interests of the Associaticm may seem to 

The meetings of the Association are open to all, and its pro- 
ceedings are participated in by the ministers of the religious 
denominations of the city and county, and is a very useful organi- 
zation, not only in a social and fraternal point of view, but in 
securing unity of action in regard to the promotion of the relig- 
ious and moral questions and reforms of the day. 





THE first newspaper venture in what is no-w Summit Countj^, 
was in the village of Middlebury, now the flourishing Sixth 
Ward of Akron, in 1825. The Ohio Canal project was then 
agitating the local public mind, it being thought that if that great 
w^ater highway from Lake Erie to the Ohio River, could be brought 
through, or within a mile and a half of, that ancient emporium, 
fortunes for its inhabitants would speedilj"- be made. 

Hence an active and intelligent young printer from Ravenna, 
by the name of Laurin Devsrey, proposed to boom the project by 
the publication of the Ohio Canal Advocate, if the people of the 
village w^ould aid him in procuring the necessary outfit. Accord- 
ingly, a subscription paper was started, worded as follows: "We, 
the subscribers, being anxious for the prosperity of this section of 
the country, and for the dissemination of useful information gen- 
erally, do severally agree to pay the sums set opposite our respec- 
tive names, for the purchase of a printing press, types, etc., and 
the erection of a printing establishment in the village of 
Middlebury, under the direction of Mr. Laurin Dewey, who will 
edit a weekly paper devoted to the general interests of the country, 
advertising, etc., the columns to be enriched by foreign and 
domestic news, religious intelligence, poetry, etc; the sums so paid 
by us to be considered in the light of a loan, to be repaid whenever 
the editor shall consider himself able to do so." 

Signatures to above, and amounts paid by each are as follows 
Charles Sumner, $10; Erastus Torrey, $10; Henry Chittenden, $5 
Nathan Gillett, Jr., $5; Rufus Hart, $3; Edward Sumner, $10 
Samuel Newton, $10; Charles W. Brown, 5; Benajah A. Allen, $3 
Phineas Pettis, 5; Elijah Mason, $5; John McMiUen, Jr., $10 
Spencer & Morgan, $15; Alexander C. Lawson, $2; William 
McGallard, $2; D. W. Williams, $5; Thomas C. Viall, $2; Jacob 
Kaufman, $5; Jesse Allen, $4; Tthiel Mills, $3; Amos Spicer, $4 
WilUam Bell, $3; Roswell, Kent & Co., $5; Henry Squires, $5 
Elisha Farnam, $5; Joseph W. Brown, $5; Horatio Howard, $5 
Ambrose Cotter, $5; Henry Rhodes, $3; WiUiam Phelps, $2 
William J. Hart, $3; R. and S. McClure, $5; Theophilus Potter, $2 
Joshua Richards, $2; Bagley & Humphrey, $10; Leonard Chatfleld 
$2; David Jones, $2; Julius A. Sumner, $3; Miner Spicer, $4 
Alpheus Hart, $1; Paul Williams $2; Guerdon Geer, $5. Total .^204. 


With this fund an old style Ramage press, and a quantity of 
second-hand materials were purchased from the Cleveland Herald, 
the entire outfit being transported overland in a couple of two- 
horse wagons. 

In the meantime Mr. Ozias Bowen, (uncle of the late Hiram 
Bowen, founder of the Beacon, as hereinafter detailed), for many 
years Common Pleas Judge of Marion County, became associated 
with Mr. Dewey in the enterprise; and the canal question having 
already been settled, the name of the projected paper was changed 
to the Portage Journal. 

The first number was issued September 28, 1825, Mr. Dewey 
having meantime transferred his interest to Elijah Mason. The 
size of the Journal was 19x24, an inch less each way than one-half 
the size of the Daily Beacon. The price was "two dollars per 
annum, (exclusive of postage) if payment be made within a year, 
or two dollars and fifty cents if payment be delayed until the year 
expires. No paper will be discontinued until all arrearages are 

In politics the Journal was independent, with strong anti- 
Jackson proclivities. October 27, 1826, Mr. Bowen transferred 
his interest to Mr. John McMillen, Jr., the new firm of McMillen 
& Mason changing the name of the paper to the Portage Journal 
and Weekljr Adv^ertiser. 

This was a pretty long name for so small a paper. A year 
later, with number 109, Mr. Mason transferred his interest to. 
Alvah Hand, Esq., then practicing law in Middlebury. McMillen 
& Hand continued the paper until January or February, 1829, -when, 
finding that it could not be made self-supporting, it -was discon- 
tinued, the materials being sold to parties in Massillon. 

In subsequent chapters upon Hudson and Cuyahoga Falls, Avill 
be found brief histories of the Western Intelligencer (1827); the 
Ohio Observer [190.2); the Farailj^ Visitor [\mO); Hudson Gazette 
(1857); College Citjr Venture (1866); Hudson Enterprise (1875); 
and at Cuyahoga Falls, of the Ohio Rerieiv [IQ^d); True American 
(1840); the Cuj-ahoga Falls Reporter (1870); Weekljr Journal 
(1881); Hudson Ejcpress (1888), etc., which n6ed not be further 
alluded to here. 

Previous to its incorporation, in March, 1836, Akron -was 
entirely destitute of local newspaper facilities, being entirely 
dependent upon the papers of Ravenna, Hudson and Cuyahoga 
Falls, for such legal or business notices as -were required to be 
published. The act of incorporation was passed March 12, 1836, 
and immediately thereafter a practical printer from Medina, Mr. 
Madison H. White, removed his Ramage press and types to Akron, 
and on March 23 issued the first number of the Akron Post. 

The Post was a five column weekly. Democratic in politics, 
and, considering that its proprietor was editor, compositor, 
reporter, pressman, job printer and " devil," it was a very fair expo- 
nent of the business and local interests of the village at that time. 

But as all official advertising had to be done in the papers at 
the county seat, the local paper did not receive the support antici- 
pfited; and the Post was suspended November 15, 1836. 

The Akron Journal. — Deeming the continuance of a Demo- 
cratic paper essential to the interests of the Democratic party, the 
late Judge Constant Bryan, then an ambitious young lawyer, and, 


like the writer, a somewhat active Democratic politician, bought 
the out-fit of the defunct Post, and on the 1st day of December, 
1836, revived the paper under the name of the Akron Journal. 

While of the same general make-up as the Post, the Journal 
Avas far more ably conducted, but the proper business and pecun- 
iary support was not forthcoming, and the Journal, too, after an 
existence of about six months, was discontinued June 15, 1837. 

The American Balance. — In so stirring and promising, 
and withal so strongly Whig a town as Akron, it would, of course, 
never do to let the Democrats enjoy a monopoly of the newspaper 
business, and so Horace K. Smith, an educated business man of 
Akron, and Gideon G. Galloway, of Northampton, a practical 
printer, procured a second-hand out-fit in Cleveland, purchased 
and repaired the crippled Ohio Observer press, alluded to in the 
■chapter on Hudson, and issued the first number of the American 
Balance on the 19th day of August, 1837. 

In February, Mr. Hiram Bowen, a vigorous writer, and a 
practical printer, purchased Mr. Galloway's interest in the paper. 
Messrs. Smith & Bowen made the Balance a paper that ought to 
Tiave succeeded, but it, too, soon met an adverse fate, owing 
doubtless to the monetary panic then on, and the failure-inviting 
custom then in vogue among newspaper men, of giving universal 
■credit for both subscriptions and advertising, and the Balance 
-was suspended at the end of the first year, August 9, 1838. 

The Akron Buzzard. — The history of this curiously named 
and, in its day, quite notorious little paper is thus briefly stated: 
A young Connecticut Yankee, by the name of Samuel Alanson 
Lane, then a recent comer to Akron, seeing the great amount of 
■crookedness so prevalent along the line of the canal, at that early 
day, and especially in and about Akron, conceived the idea that a 
paper devoted especially to that end would greatly aid the 
authorities in ridding the town and county frona the hordes of 
blacklegs, counterfeiters and thieves infesting and disgracing the 

Though following the business of a sign and ornamental 
painter, Mr. Lane had previously acquired a smattering of the art 
of printing, and obtaining from the late Judge Bryan permission 
to use the press and types of the deinnct Journal, on the 7th day 
of September, 1837, issued, as a feeler, the first number of the 
Akron Buzzard. 

It was a three column folio, 12x17 inches, published every two 
weeks at 75 cents per year, doubled in size and price raised to one 
dollar at the beginning of the second year. The editorial nom de 
plume was "Jedediah Brownbread, Ksq.," its orthography being 
of the Yankee dialect order, of which the abominable styles of 
^'Artemas Ward," "Josh Billings," "Petroleum V. Nasby," "Judge 
Waxem," etc., are fairly good imitations, and to this day Mr. Lane 
is more frequently saluted as "Jedediah," by his old-time asso- 
ciates, than bj^ his own proper cognomen. 

The Buzzard's P7a?^for«3.— Translated into ordinary lan- 
guage, the following extract from its salutatory fully sets forth 
the aims and objects of the paper: "The'Buzzard will be a real 
jolly, nothing-to-do-with-politics, anti-blackleg paper, devoted to 
news, popular tales, miscellany, anecdotes, satire, poetry, humor, 
the correction of public morals, etc. It will strike at the vices of 


mankind with an occasional brush at its follies. It will expose 
crime whether committed by the great or small, and applaud vir- 
tuous and noble actions whether performed by the rich or poor. 
It will encourage the honest man in well-doing and make a trans- 
parency of the breast of the hypocrite. In short, it will be ta 
society -what the common buzzard is to our Southern cities, viz. : It 
will, pounce upon, and by its influence endeavor to reform, or 
remove, such loafers as are nuisances in the community, b}' hold- 
ing them up to the gaze of a virtuous public." 

The Buzzard made things lively for the "b'hoys" and the 
"b'hoys" sometimes made things pretty lively for the Buzzard — 
or rather its editor — visiting him with threatenings dire, vindic- 
tive lyings-in-wait and frequent assaults. But though literally 
carrying his life in his hand, in his editorial onslaught upon crime 
and vice, "Jedediah" pursued the even tenor of his way from day 
to day, and from month to month, for a year and a half, when^ 
having accomplished the object of its mission, the Buzzard ^was> 
discontinued on the 25th day of February, 1839 — not for want of 
patronage, for it was self-sustaining from the start — its subscrip- 
tion list being transferred to Hiram Bowen, Esq., wrho was thus 
able to resuscitate his own paper, under the title of the Summit 
Beacon, a full history of which will be found further oh. 

The Pestalozzian. — From the start, Akron was well sup- 
plied -with enthusiastic educators, among them being our vener- 
able fello-w citizen, Nahum Fay, Esq., the late Horace K. Smith, 
and a very proficent teacher by the name of S. L. Sawtell. For 
the purpose of enthusing the people Avith their O'wn advanced 
ideas upon the subject of education, and of systematizing the 
methods of imparting knowledge and conducting public schools,, 
the two latter gentlemen, on the 14th day of April, 18.38, commenced 
the publication of a neat monthly quarto under the above title. 
Though ably edited, being in advance of the times, and by reason 
of the monetary stringency then on, it failed to secure a paying 
circulation, and was discontinued with the issue of its sixth num- 
ber; September 30, 1838. 

The Ohian and Neir Era. — The question of finance and 
banking was one of the absorbing subjects of discussion and 
legislative tinkering of 50 j^ears ago. To ventilate his own pecu- 
liar views upon the subject, and doubtless with an honest desire 
to ameliorate the financial embarassments of the people, the" late 
Jonathan F. Fenn, an early business man of Akron, (who died of 
cholera at Sacramento, Cal., in the fall of 1850), for a short time 
in 1838, published a small semi-monthly paper in Akron, under the 
above title, devoted to Free Banking, but though ably (from its 
standpoint) handling the financial questions of the day, it failed of 
financial success, and quietly expired. 

Glad Tidings and Ladies' Vniversalist Magazine. — This 
was a sprightly semi-monthly quarto, published in Akron, in the 
interest of the Universalist faith, during the years 1838, 1839 and 
1840. It was ably edited by S. A. Davis, N. Doolittle and J. Whit- 
ney, and besides being|a vigorous and aggressive exponent of the 
doctrine of universal salvation, was a most excellent literary and 
general local newspaper. At the close of 1840, the paper was- 
transferred to Cincinnati and its name changed to "2736 Star in 
the Westy where it continued to shine, in the interest of that 



denomination, until about the year 1881, 
unknown to the writer, it was discontinued. 

when, for reasons 

HON. HIRAM BOWEN,— born in 
Strobridg-e, Mass., April 29, 1815, 
removing- with parents to Ohio, when 
young-, settling- at "Old Forge;" in 
1825, entered the printing office of 
his uncle. Judge Ozias Bowen, pvib- 
lisher of Middlebury's pioneeer 
paper, the Portage Journal, herein 
alluded to, as an apprentice. In 1838, 
in conipan5r -with Horace K. Sinith, 
published the American Balance in 
Akron, and in April 1839, on his own 
account, established the Summit 
Beacon, which he ably conducted 
until its sale to other parties, in 1845, 
though continuing to officiate as its 
editor one or t-wo years longer. Mr. 
<Boweu represented Suinniit County 
in the Ohio Legislature during the 
Session of 1845, '46. In 1849 Mr. Bowen 
removed to Janesville, Wisconsin, 
-where he edited the Janesville 
Gazette for several years, afterwards 
becoming manager of extensive 
Agricultural Works in that city. 
His health becoming seriousij' 
impaii-ed Mr. Bowen finally retired to 
a large farm in South Dakota. Early 
in 1886, he went to Los Angeles, Cal., 
to visit his son, Mr. W. P. Bowen, a 
postal clerk on the Southern Pacific 
R. R., where he died March 20, 1886, at 
the age of 7Q years and 11 months. 
Another son, W. S. Bowen, is one of 
the proprietors of the Daily Press 
and Dakotian, at Yankton, Dakota. 


The Summit Beacon. ^ — This paper, the direct and legiti- 
mate successor of the American Balance, was started on the 15th 
day of April, 1839, on a pledge of adequate support from the busi- 
ness men of Akron, and the leaders of the Whig party -within the 
limits of the prospective new county of Summit, for the erection 
of -which it at once became a vigorous and successful advocate. 

But not-withstanding the pledges of support, and of official 
patronage, after the organization of the new county, the Beacon 
in common -with the ne-wspapers of the count3^, generally, had a 
hard struggle for existence for several years, yet though three 
times totally destroyed by fire, and hampered -with pecuniary 
etnbarassments, the Reliable Old Weeklv Beacon, has never 
missed an issue during the fifty-t-wo years of its existence, though 
slightly diminished in dimensions, -while recovering from its disas- 
ters, and is to-day at the very head of the weekly papers in Ohio. 

In May, 1844, Mr. Bowen sold the Beacon to Mr. Richards S. 
Elkins, previously connected with the Ohio Star, at Ravenna. 
Mr. Bo-wen continued to act as editor, until April, 1845, when he 
was succeded by Laurin De-wey, Esq., a brother-in-la-w of Mr. 
Elkins, who also purchased a half interest in the concern. Mr. 
Dewey, it -will be recollected, -was the originator of Middleburj^'s 



first ne'wspaper scheme, as above set forth; having in the mean- 
time been connected with the Ohio Star, as proprietor and editor, 
and also served two terms as sheriff of Portage County. 

April 2, 1846, Mr. Dewey was elected warden of the Ohio 
penitentiary, but retained his interest in the Beacon until its 
recovery from the fire of June 9, 1848, when the establishment -was 
sold by Messrs. Dewey & Elkins to John Teesdale, Esq., former 
editor of the Ohio State Journal, at Columbus, Mr. Dewey remov- 
ing to Iowa, (where he died September 10, 1868), and Mr. Elkins 
forming a partnership with Mr. Joseph A. Beebe in the book and 
drug business. 

Under the -able management of Mr. Teesdale the Beacon 
became the organ of the newly formed Republican party, in 1855, 
a partnership having in the meantime been formed between Mr. 
Teesdale and Beebe & Elkins, the new book, drug and printing 
firm being Elkins, Teesdale & Co. February 27, 1856, Mr. Teesdale 
sold his interest to his co-partners, Beebe & Elkins, but continued 
to act as editor until his removal to Des Moines, Iowa, where he 
was elected State printer, postmaster, etc.. May 1, 1856, and was 
succeeded in the editorial chair by Hon. James Carpenter until his 
accession to the Common Pleas Judgship, October, 1856, when 
ex-Senator Ashel H. Lewis, of Ravenna, assumed the position 
■which he ably filled, -with Mr. R. S. Elkins as associate editor, 
about four years. 

1 1 — a native of Farmington, Conn., 
and a graduate of Yale College, soon 
after graduating coming to Ohio ; 
for a time associated with J. A. 
Harris in the editorial management 
of the Cleveland Herald, and later 
editing the Ohio Star at Ravenna. 
Mr. I,ewis was also a lawyer of con- 
siderable abilit}', for a time practic- 
ing in Cincinnati. While a resident 
of Ravenna, in October, 1846, Mr. 
Lewis was elected State Senator for 
Portage and Summit Counties, serv- 
ing- two years. In 1856, he removed 
to Akron, and became the editor-in- 
chief of the Summit County Beacon, 
then published by Joseph A. Beebe 
and Richard S. Elkins, holding the 
positon until 1861. In July, 1861, he 
was appointed, bj' Gov. William 
Dennison, Probate Judge of Summit 
Countj^ to fill the vacancj^ occasion- 
ed bj^ the death of Judge William M. 
Dodge, holding the position until 
the following October. Mr. Lewis 
then reinoved to St. Louis, where he' 
was given a prominent position 
upon the editorial staff of the St. 


Louis Democrat, then the only 
Republican paper in the South, ably 
sustaining the government against 
the slave-holders' rebellion, until his 
death in September, 1862. 

On retiring from the office of sheriff, in January, 1861, Mr. 
Samuel A. Lane, superseded Mr. Lewis as editor of the Beacon. 
Mr. Lane, by giving more attention to local matters than his pre- 
decessors had done, and by the large amount of space devoted to 
the writings and doings of Summit County's "boys in blue," 



during the -war, increased the circulation of the paper from 1,300 to 
2,500 copies weekly, the first two years. 

In January, 1865, Mr. Lane and Mr. Horace G. Canfield each 
bought a one-third interest froin Messrs. Beebe & Elliins, the 
name of the firm being Elkins, Lane & Co. In January, 1867, 
Albertis L. Paine and Denis J. Long, two former Beacon boys, 
who, on being mustered out of the army, had established the 
Summit Counts Journal, as elsewhere noted, bought the remain- 
ing one-third interest in the Beacon from Messrs. Beebe & Elkins, 
the firm now being changed to Lane, Canfield & Co. 

In the Winter of 1868, Thomas C. Raynolds, then just gradu- 
ated from the Michigan University, w^as employed as assistant 
editor, and with the exception of a brief interruption, from 1870 to 
1872, has been connected with the establishment ever since. 

The Akron Dailv Beacon. — In the meantime Akron had 
increased from a village of 5,500 inhabitants to a city of 10,000 in 
1869, 'with manufacturing and commercial activities to match. 
Something faster than a -weekly local paper -was demanded, and 
on the 6th day of December 1869, the first number of the Akron 
Daily Beacon was issued by Messrs. Lane, Canfield & Co., with 
Mr. Lane as editor-in-chief, Mr. Raynolds as assistant editor, Mr. 
Canfield as business manager, and superintendent of machinery, 
and Messrs. Long and Paine, superintendents of job departments 

DENIS J. LONG,-born in Albany, 
N. Y., November 28, 1844 ; at 15, 
came to Akron -with his brother, J. A. 
Long- ; in 1859, entered Beacon office, 
as an apprentice, serving- between 
three and four years ; in August, 1862, 
enlisted in Co. H., 104th O. V. I., serv- 
ing as a private soldier, until Febru- 
ary, 1864, -when he ^vas appointed to a 
clerkship in the office of Gen. Scho- 
field, in the Department of the Ohio, 
serving till the close of the war, 
being mustered out at Greensboro, 
N. C, June 28, 1865. On his return to 
Akron, in company with Mr. Albertis 
L. Paine, started the Sazamit County 
Journal, with Judge James S. 
Carpenter as editor. Jannary 1, 1867, 
the Journal was discontinued, Mr. 
Long and Mr. Paine each buying a 
one-sixth interest in the BEACON, 
Mr. Long retaining his interest as 
partner and stockholder (at its organ- 
zation as a stock company, being 
elected secretary), until 1875, when he 
entered the office of the Akron Iron 
Company, as book-keeper, continuing 
two years. March 1, 1877, he was 
appointed agent of the Union 
Express Company, afterwards of the 
Union, American and Adams Com- 

DENIS J. long. 

panies, which responsible position 
he held until his death, January 17, 
1883, at the age of 38 years, 1 month 
and 20 days. In May, 1870, Mr. Long- 
was married to Miss Eliza A. Potter, 
of Akron, who died May 13, 1891, aged 
48 years, 3 months and 9 days. 

In December, 1871, the Beacon Publishing Company was 
organized with a capital of $25,000, Messrs. Lane and Long retain- 
ing their one-third and one-sixth interests, respectively, Messrs. 
Canfield and Paine retiring, the balance of the stock being taken 


by a number of prominent business men of the city, with Mr. Lane 
as business manager, Mr. Raynolds as editor-in-chief, and Mr. 
Wilson M. Day as associate editor 

The business of the concern rapidly increassd in all its depart- 
ments, but unfortunately, in the very height of its business season, 
in the job printing and binding line for the several manufacturing 
concerns of the city, on the 27th day of April, 1872, the establish- 
ment was totally destroyed by fire, with a loss, over and above 
insurance, of fully one-half of its capital. 

The burned building was immediately replaced, greatly 
enlarged, and filled with a full complement of first-class machinery 
and material, and a large stock of general and fancy stationery. 
This rebuilding and refitting of the establishment, on a greatly 
enlarged scale, and with far better machinery and material, and 
especially with its impaired capital, and several months interrup- 
tion to its most profitable departments, while subjected to extra- 
ordinary running expenses, piled up an indebtedness, that, with 
the almost immediately recurrin'g monetary and commercial panic 
of 1873, brought the company into . very serious pecuniary 

To such an extent did this embarrassment press upon the 
stockholders, though still nominally solvent, that it was at length 
deemed advisable to transfer its property, fanchise and good will 
to any responsible party that would assume its liabilities. Accord- 
ingly, in January, 1875, the entire property was sold to Thomas C. 
Raynolds, Frank J. Staral and John H. Auble, on that basis, a 
sufficient number of the old stockholders retaining a nominal 
interest for the purpose of keeping the corporate organization 

This arrangement continued about two years, when Mr. Auble 
withdrew, leaving Messrs. Raynolds and Staral sole ow^ners, 
which relation w^as continued, with signal success, until May 16, 
1887, when Mr. Staral sold his interest to Mr. Hermon Bronson, Mr. 
Bronson, in turn, transferring his interest to Mr. Raynolds, April 
14, 1889, and in its magnificent new home in the handsome six- 
story brick block, erected especially for its use, by Hon. George 
W. Grouse, corner of Mill and Main streets, the Daily Beacon 
establishment, with its extensive news, job printing, book-binding 
and stationery departments, all fully equipped -with first-class 
machinery and material, being one of the most complete and 
prosperous of its class in Ohio, its daily circulation h'aving 
increased from 600 in 1869, '70, to a present daily average of 3,500 
copies; while the reliable old Summit Gounty Weekly Beacon, 
correspondingly improved and prospered, duly celebrated its 
golden anniversity on the 15th day of April, 1889. 

Beacon and Republican. — As hereinafter detailed, the Dailx 
Telegram and Sundaj- Gazette, in 1889, passed into the hands of 
the newly organized Republican Publishing Gompany, with Mr. 
Kenyon B. Gonger as its president, its name being changed to the 
Akron Dailj- Republican, which had a successful run until 
January 1, 1891, when a consolidation was effected with the Beacon. 
The name and style of the consolidated organization, with a capi- 
tal of $100,000, is The Akron Printing and Publishing Gompany, 
with Hon. George W. Grouse as president, Kenyon B. Gonger as 
vice president and Thomas G. Raynolds as business manager, the 



several editions of the paper being: The Akron Beacon and 
Republican, (daily), The Summit Countr Beacon, (weekly), and 
the Sundaj^ Republican. The American Farm Nevrs is now 
also owned and published by this company. 

1 N OLDS,— son of George and 
Jane L. (Craighead) Raynolds, — born 
near Canton, Ohio, June 18, 1848 ; 
educated in public schools of Canton 
and Akron and at Western Reserve 
Colleg-e and Michigan Universitj^, 
gi-aduating- from the classical course 
of the latter institvition, Januar}- 21, 
1868, his long vacations being- spent 
upon the United States survey of the 
northwestern lakes, under the super- 
intendence of his uncle. Gen. W. F. 
Raj^nolds, of the U. S. Engineers ; 
July 14, 1868, began journalistic work 
as a reporter on Detroit F'ost, six 
months later, in January, 1869, com- 
mencing work upon the Beacon, as 
its first reporter ; in 1870 became 
paragraph editor of Pittsburg Com- 
mercial ; in 1871 did editorial work 
on an insurance and manufacturing 
journal, in Cincinnati ; in November, 
1871, on organization of the Beacon 
Publishing Conipanj^, became editor 
of the Daily and Weekij^ Beacon, 
continuing three years ; from 1873 to 
1875 did editorial work successively 
on Clei^eland Sunday X'oice, Clei'e- 
land Leader, and Toledo Commer- 
cial ; in January, 1875, on reorganiza- 
tion of Company, returned to the 
BeacO-X, as its Editor-in-chief, which 
position he maintained until January 
1, 1891, when, on consolidation of the 
Daily BEACON with the Daily REPUB- 
LICAN, he became the Business 


Manager of the newly organized 
Alvroii Printing and Publishing 
Compan}', which position he still 
holds. January 3, 1873, he married 
Miss Lillian Alice Wjiggoner, of 
Akron (onlj' daughter of John H. and 
Laura A. Waggoner), who died Octo- 
ber 4, 1883, leaving one son, Willie 
Waggoner Raj'nolds. September 14, 
1886, Mr. Ra3rnolds-iv-as again married, 
to Miss Ida B. Foote, onlj^ daughter 
of Daniel S. and Mary A. Foote, of 

The American Democrat. — August 10, 1842, Mr. Horace Can- 
field, who was one of the founders of the Ohio Review, at 
Cuyahoga Falls, in 1833, as elsewhere noted, issued in Akron the 
first number of the American Democrat. The paper, as its name 
indicates, was politically democratic. The Democrat was ably 
conducted, as a party organ, until December 14, 1848, when it -was 
•discontinued for reasons thus alluded to in Mr. Canfield's parting 

'•In performing what he has thought a duty, in advocating Democratic 
principles, he has too much neglected his duty to himself and family, and 
he is often roughly reminded of this neglect by the empty state of the 
domestic treasury, when calls on it are only for the simplest necessaries for 
family use. It is of no avail that the books show a prosperous state of 
finances, if the larder and meal bag are filled with emptiness. However pre- 
valent the doctrine may be that editors can live on air, we can testify, from 
experience, that it is a fallacy, so far as regards the editor's family." 

The Akron Eagle. — A week later, December 21, 1848, the first 
number of an "Independent Miscellaneous Family Newspaper," 
uuder the above head, was issued by Mr. Canfleld. This was con- 
tinued just six months, the last issue appearing on the 14th day of 



June, 1849, but without any statement as to the cause of its 

Akron Free Democrat.— July 4, 1849, number one, volume 
one, of a paper under the above title, with Horace Canfield as pub- 
lisher and Sidney Edgerton as editor, was issued, Mr. Edgerton, in 
his initial editorial saying: "The political character of this paper 
is indicated by its title, and, while we stand as its editor, it shall 
conform to the title it bears. No party prejudice shall induce us 
to support what we know to be wrong; neither shall party pre- 
dilections restrain us from condemning what we believe to be 
* * * We are firm believers in human progress, and that 


belief is founded upon the recorded truths of history, which most 
clearly point to 'a good time coming.' * * * Strike the chains 
from the bondman wherever the power of the general government 
extends, and give us a sure guaranty that slavery shall extend no 
further, then we are ready to discuss and act in reference to minor 

Middletown, Conn., July 4, 1803 ; 
learned the printing business with 
his uncle, Pholemon Canfield, in 
Hartford, serving seven years; 
March 24, 1824, was married to Miss 
Julia Ann Everard ; worked at trade 
in Hartford and Cambridge, Mass., 
till 1833, when he caine to Cuyahoga 
Falls, where he established the Ohio 
Revien-, as eleswhere stated. In the 
Fall of 1834, went to Cleveland where 
he published the Cleveland Adver- 
tiser (Democratic) about four years ; 
in 1838 going to Medina, where he 
published The Watchman (Demo- 
cratic) four 3-ears, coming- to Altron 
in August, 1842, and establishing the 
American Democrat, which he 
published and edited most of the 
time till his death, December 28, 1853, 
at the age of 50 j'ears, 5 inonths and 
24 daj'S. Mr. Canfield served in 
Cleveland City Council, on Akron 
Board af Education, and at the time 
of his death was Recorder of the 
Incorporated Village of Akron ; was 
a zealous Mason and a highly honor- 
ed citizen. Mr. and Mrs. Canfield 
were the parents of six children — 
Henrj'^ E., (now residing in Akron, 
and engraver of the accompanj'ing- 


potrait of his father); Thomas, who- 
died in April, 1860 ; Horace G., one 
of the best known printers of Akron ; 
Julia Ann (now Mrs. I. B. Hargett, 
of Alexandria, Ohio), and William 
and Caroline who died young. Mrs. 
Canfield died August 9, 1882, aged 80 
j^ears and 3 months. 

Free Democratic- Standard. — The Free Democrat continued 
until after the October election of 1849, when the name was changed 
as above, with Lyman W. Hall, a well-kno^wn anti-slavery writer of 
Ravenna, as editor and proprietor, the first number of which 
appeared November 8, 1849. This arrangement was continued 
until March 6, 1851, -when the names of H. Canfield and W. O, 
Viers appear as publishers, "assisted editorially by an association." 
In November, 1851, Mr. Canfiel^d resumed entire control, in August, 
1852, dropping the "Free," though retaining the motto, "Freedom 
and Equality," and continuing to publish the Democratic 

Akron's newspapers. 225 

Standard until his death, December 29, 1853, after which it was 
published for some time by his two sons, Thomas and Horace G. 
In the Spring of 1855 the office was sold to H. P. Abel, and the 
Standard re-established, issuing a small daily. The experiment 
was not successful, and both the daily and the w^eekly w^ere soon 
suspended. In the Winter of 1855, '56, Mr. W. D. Bien bought the 
office and revived the .paper under the name of the Summit 
Democrat. In the Winter of 1859, '60 the office passed into the 
hands of J. Hays Webb, who, just before the Presidential election 
of 1860 removed the materials to Canton, wrhere, under the title of 
the True Democrat, it was run until the Spring of 1864, when it 
returned to Akron, and, under the title of Summit Union, run 
until the close of the Brough-Vallandigham campaign, in 1863, 
when the paper w^as discontinued and the office taken to Ravenna. 
The Cascade Roarer. — March 15, 1844, while the Washing- 
tonian temperance reform movement was at its height, the Buz- 
zard was revived as a temperance paper by the writer and Mr. 
Isaac Chamberlin, Jr., Mr. Chamberlin a few weeks later trans- 
ferring his interest to Mr. William T. Coggeshall, afterwards a 
literary writer of considerable repute, State Librarian under Gov- 
ernors Chase and Dennison, from 1856 to 1862, and minister to 
Ecuador, South America, under President Johnson until his death, 
from consumption, in the Summer of 1867. 

The name of the paper was changed by Messrs. Lane & Cog- 
geshall to the Cascade Roarer, partly because that portion of 
Akron in which it was published was still known by its original 
name of " Cascade," but more particularly' because of its radical 
cold water signification. Through the vigorous and incisive 
writings of Mr. Coggeshall, and the efforts of Mr. Lane, as a travel- 
ing temperance lecturer and solicitor, the Cascade Roarer attained 
a weekly circulation of about 2,500 and a considerable general as 
well as local repute. 

Tee-Total Mechanic— -July 21st, 1846, Mr. Lane sold his 
interest in the Cascade Roarer to Mr. James S. Drew, a practical 
printed of Massillon, and as there was at that time considerable 
agitation among the mechanics of the country for the establish- 
ment of 10 hours as a day's labor (instead of the 12 to 14 hour day 
day then in vogue), and for cash payments, instead of the order 
and "truck and dicker" system described in a former chapter, the 
name of the paper was changed as above by Messrs. Drew & Cog- 
geshall. The Tee-Total Mechanic was successfully published for 
about three months, when it was merged with a larger paper, 
similar in character, published in Cleveland, under the name of 
the Temperance Artisan, the last issue in Akron being under 
date of October 24, 1846. 

The Free School Clarion.-— In 1846, our late well-known 
citizen Dr. William Bowen, then a resident of Massillon, com- 
menced the publication of a ringing educational journal in that 
village— a four column quarto— under the above title. The latter 
part of 1847, Dr. Bowen was succeeded in the publication of the 
Clarion by the well-known educator, Lorin Andrews, of Massillon, 
and M D Leggett, Akron's first school superintendent, under the 
Akron school law, and its publication continued simultaneously 
at Massillon and Akron. This arrangement continued a few 
months only, Mr. Leggett's connection with the Akron schools 



ceasing some time in 1849, when the conduct of the Clarion was 
relegated entirely to Mr. Andrews, at Massillon, its subscription 
list being after-wards transferred to the Ohio Journal of Education 
at Columbus, now tHe Ohio Educational Monthlj^, published by 
Dr. S. Findley, in Akron. 

The Summit Countj- Journal. — At the close of the war, two 
former Beacon boys, Albertis L. Paine .and Denis J. Long, in 
September, 1865, established a Republican weekly newspaper 
under the above title, with Judge James S. Carpenter as editor. 
Ably edited and neatly printed, the Journal was reasonably suc- 
cessful, but on the purchase from Messrs. Beebe & Elkins of their 
remaining one-third interest in the Beacon, as above stated, in 
January, 1867, the Journal was discontinued and its subscription 
list, good-will, etc., transferred to the Beacon. 

The Akron Citv Times. — January 20, 1867, a nine column 
■weekly Democratic paper, undfer the above title -was started in 
Akron, by Mr. J. C. Loveland, that gentleman being fresh from the 
editorial chair of the Clyde, (Ohio) Times, a radical Republican 
paper, which he had published during the war. Mr. Loveland, 
Ijesides his recent political somersault, had the bad taste to 
immediately commence a bitter personal warfare against the 
editor of the Beacon, moving his antagonist to obtain the loan 
from its then proprietor, of the flies of the Clyde Times, during 
Mr. Loveland's conduct of that paper, from which copious 
extracts were made from week to week, dealing such vigorous 
blo"ws upon the heads of his new political backers, that they incon- 
tinently threw him overboard, and in August, 1867, the office was 
transferred to Mr. George C. Crain. 

April 28, 1868, R. S. Bean & Co., succeeded Mr. Crain, who in 
turn transferred the Times to S. L. Everett & Son, in October of 
the same year. The father dying some two or three years later, 
the son, Sebastian L. Everett, ("Don," as he was familiarly called), 
continued the publication with considerable vigor until 1873, when 
it was transferred to Mr. Richard H. Knight, with his son Clarence 
R. Knight, as editor. " 

November 23, 1882, Edwin Myers, a practical printer from 
Wooster, entered into partnership with the elder Knight, the 
younger Knight still in the editorial chair. February 23, 1882, 
that veteran editor and publisher, of Wooster, E. B. Eshelman, 
Esq., purchased Mr. Knight's remaining interest and assumed edi- 
torial control of the Times, March 1, 1885, Mr. O. D. Capron 
succeeded Mr. Eshelman to a half interest in the concern, the firm 
name of Messrs. Myers & Capron being " The Times Printing 
Company," Capt. W. B. Taneyhill being employed as editor, in 
which position he was succeeded by Mr. Frank S. Pixley. 
February 24, 1886. 

July 6, 1887, Mr. Capron sold his interest to Mr. Pixlej^, and 
May 8, 1888, Messrs. Myers & Pixley sold the concern to "The 
Akron Publishing Company," of which Mr. J. M. H. Frederick was 
president and Mr. M. J. Gilbo secretary and treasurer, Mr. Pixley 
officiating as editor until the organization of the Republican Pub- 
lishing Company in 1889, when Melville Wright and Frederick G. 
Frease became its proprietors, with Mr. Wright as business man- 
ager and William B. Taneyhill as editor. The Citi' Times, besides 
vigorously supporting the political party in whose interest it is 

Akron's newspapers. 227 

published, is a most excellent familj^ newspaper, and enjoys a 
healthy circulation and a liberal advertising patronage. 

The Akron Gerniatiia. — This paper, as its name indicates, is 
published in the interest of the German speaking population of 
Akron and vicinity. It was founded in the Fall of 1868, by Mr. H. 
Gentz, but transferred to Prof. C. F. Kolbe early in the following 
3'ear. In September, 1872, it was transferred to the "Akron Paper 
and Printing Company," with Stephen Ginther as business man- 
ager and Paul E. Werner as editor. In October, 1875, Mr. Louis 
Seybold was employed as editor, and in 1880, the " Germania 
Printing Company" was formed, with Mr. Paul E. Werner as bus- 
iness manager. In November, 1881, the paper was again trans- 
ferred to Prof. Kolbe, and in April, 1882, leased by Prof. K. to Louis 
Sej'bold, who conducted it till January 1, 1884, when it was sold to 
Hans Otto Beck and George Billow. In ]nlj, 1887, the " Germania 
Publishing Company" was incorporoted with a capital of $15,000. 
which company was reorganized September 27, 1887, with Paul E. 
Werner as president; Louis Seybold, secretary; Hans Otto Beck, 
business manager and treasurer. 

The Freie Presse. — A new candidate for popular German and 
business favor, w^as started in December, 1836, by the " Freie 
Presse Publishing Company," -with Albert Fernitz as president; 
Julius Kroffke, secretary and treasurer, and Louis Seybold as 
editor. Mr. Seybold vacated the editorial chair in September, 
1887, after v^hich time the Freie Presse was under the editorial 
control of Mr. Kroffke, until it was merged in the Germania, May 
15, 1889, the present officers of the reorganized Germania Print- 
ing Company being: Paul E. Werner, president; Kenyon B. 
Conger, treasurer; Louis Seybold, editor; Julius Kroffke, business 

The Akron Dailv Argas.~-lr\ March, 1874, the Akron Dailj^ 
Argus was started lay H. G. Canfield & Co., with Elder John F. 
Rowe as editor, a semi-weekly edition also being issued. It was 
an independent paper and ably edited, securing a fair circulation 
and a liberal share of advertisements. The paper passing to the 
subsequently formed "Argus Printing Company," by a majority 
vote of the stockholders, was, in September, 1874, changed into a 
Democratic sheet, with "Don" Everett, formerly of the Citj^ Times, 
as editor. 

March 20, 1875, the Argus passed into the hands of its former 
editor, Elder John F. Rowe and his brother, Frank M. Rowe, a 
practical printer, who, under the firm name of Rowe Brothers, 
again changed its character from a political to an independent 
paper. This arrangement continued until December 25, 1876, when 
the concern was purchased by Mr. Carson Lake, by whom it was 
again given a Democratic bias, thus continuing under Mr. Lake's 
lively management, until July 1, 1879, when the office and fixtures 
■were purchased by Messrs. Paul E. Werner and B. F. Nelson, by 
whom the Argus was discontinued. 

The Sundax Gazette. — This was a six-column quarto, devoted 
to general and local news, literature, miscellany, reUgious intelli- 
gence, society matters, etc. It was started in December, 1878, by 
Mr. Paul E. Werner, as publisher and proprietor, Carl F. Kolbe, as 
editor July 26, 1879, it was consolidated with the daily and 
weekly Tribune established at that time by Werner & Nelson, as 


stated below, and the name changed to the Sundaj^ Tribune, but 
after t^vo or three issues again changed to the Sandaj- Gazette. 
After the dissolution of the firm of Werner & Nelson, and the dis- 
continuance of the Tribune, February 2, 1880, the Gazette was 
continued by Mr. Werner, in connection with the Germania until 
September 25, 1880, w^hen it w^as purchased by Mr. Carson Lake.. 

January 8, 1883, the paper was transferred to Fred C. and Isaac 
Jennings Bryan, -who, under the name and style of the " Sunday 
Gazette Company," successfully edited and published the same 
until May 10, 1885, when I. J. Bryan became its sole proprietorr 
under w^hose editorial control it was equally successful. June 23,. 
1887, Mr. Bryan sold the Gazette to Mr. Frank S. Pixley, and on the 
7th of July, 1887, it was transferred by Mr. Pixley to the Times 
Printing Company of which he -was then a member. May 8, 1888, 
the Gazette passed into the hands of the "Akron Publishing 
Company," with the Akron Citv Times, as above set forth, the 
name being changed by the new proprietors to the Sundajy 
Telegram, and subsequently to the Sundajr Republican, which 
title, under the proprietorship of The Akron Printing and Pub- 
lishing Company it still, bears. 

Dailx Telegraixi-Dailj^ Republican. — The Akron Publish- 
ing, Company, then proprietors of the Akron Citj^ Times, and the 
Sundajy Telegram, as above stated, in 1889, commenced the pub- 
lication of the Dailx Telegram, later the same year, changing it 
to the Dailv Republican, by the newly organized Republican 
Printing Company, of which Mr. Kenyon B. Conger was president,, 
later being consolidated -with the Beacon Publishing Company, as 
already stated, under the corporate name of The Akron Printing 
and Publishing Company. 

The Akron Commercial. — This was a nine column folia 
monthly, commenced in the Spring of 1874, by Capt. J. J. Wright, 
formerly, for several years Akron's efficient Marshal, as well as a 
plucky and faithful soldier during the entire war — 1861-65. The 
Commercial, as indicated by its name, was principally devoted to 
advertising and commercial matters, though giving with each 
issue a large amount of interesting miscellaneous and local read- 
ing matter. With the intention of removing to Dakota, about 1884, 
Mr. Wright disposed of his jjrinting material, and the paper was 

The People's Monthly. — This was a five column quarto 
monthly. It was started in May, 1883, by Robert H. Behan, a 
practical printer, as an "Independent Home Journal for Family 
Reading." Under Mr. Behan's management it was fast working 
its waj^ into popular favor, until failing health compelled its relin- 
quishment, the iVfontijij' being transferred to F. C. and I. J. Bryan, 
publishers of the Sunday Gazette, by whom it was continued 
until the Spring of 1885, when it was sold to Capt. J. J. Wright, late 
publisher of the Commercial (who had, in the meantime, changed 
his mind about going to Dakota),- by whom it was published until 
the Summer of 1889, when, by reason of ill health of the proprietor,, 
it was discontinued. 

The Akron Daily News.—T\iis was an independent Republi- 
can paper, published by Walter E. and Frank Wellman, from about 
1881 to 1883. It was an ably conducted and spicy sheet, and will 
chiefly be remembered for the part it took in the Congressional 


campaign of 1882, in which it opposed the election of the regularly 
nominated Republican candidate, Hon. A. S. McClure, and sup- 
ported the Democratic candidate, Hon. David R. Paige, who was 
elected. Though securing quite a large advertising patronage and 
circulation, it fell into financial embarrassnient, and after one or 
two changes of proprietors, was discontinued. 

South End News.— In September, 1884, John M. Sauder & Co. 
commenced the publication of a six column monthly folio, under 
the above title, with Mr. P. P. Cherry as editor. It was non- 
political, especially devoted to the interests of the "South End," 
and attained a circulation of 2,000 copies, at 25 cents per year, and 
though self-sustaining, other duties claiming the attention of the 
proprietors, the paper was discontinued in April, 1886, and the 
material sold to Cleveland parties, and removed thither. 

Trade and Labor Journal. — About 1884, Frank R. Newell and 
Irving C. Tomlinson, practical printers, opened a book and job 
office, at 112 Ho'ward street, (second floor), from which office there 
■was published, for the period of about one year, a spirited labor 
paper, which attained quite a large circulation, but not proving 
remunerative to its publishers was discontinued, and the materials 
transferred to other parties. 

The Issue. — During the political campaign of 1885, L. B. Logan 
jjublished a small Prohibition paper under the title of "The Cam- 
paigner," -which, after the election, was continued as the organ of 
the Prohibition party, under the name of "The Issue," one year 
and two months, when it was suspended, but afterwards resumed 
for a short time in Youngstown. 

Dailjr Star-Itemizer, etc. — In the Spring of 1888, George W. 
Orames commenced the publication, in Akron, of a small Demo- 
cratic daily, under th.e name of the Dailjr Star, which continued' 
to scintillate with considerable brilliancy for a month or so, when 
its name was changed to the Iteraizer, but though conducted 
with fair ability, the principal "item" necessary to its permanence 
— cash — was lacking, and it, too, departed hence, "to be with us 
no more forever." 

Dail}^ Illuminator. — During the political campaign of 1886, a 
small dally paper, bearing the above title, with Mr. William Cub- 
bison as editor, was published in the interest of certain of the labor 
organizations of Akron, but after the close of the campaign, it was 
found to be both politically and financially non-profitable, and its 
-"luminosity" suddenly ceased. 

Ohio Educational Monthlj-.— In January, 1852, The Ohio 
Journal of Education was inaugurated by the Ohio Teachers' 
Association, with a committee of six of the -well-known Ohio 
teachers as editors. Dr. A. D. Lord, of Columbus, being the local 
manager. The journal was a 32-page monthly, quarto in form, 
price one dollar per year, and became the official organ of the State 
School Commissioner on the creation of that office in 1853. In 1855 
Rev. Anson Smyth became the manager and editor in chief, suc- 
ceeded, on his election to the commissionership, a year later, by 
Mr. J. D. Caldwell. In 1858 the late WiUiam T. Coggeshall (form- 
*?rly of Akron), then State Librarian, was appointed editor, with 
Mr John Ogden as canvassing agent, Hon. E. E. White succeeding 
Mr. Coggeshall, as editor, in 1861. Though ably edited and acquir- 
incr quite a large circulation, the losses from credits on subscriptions 


and advertising, and the expense of canvassing and collecting, 
rendering the management by the association undesirable, the 
Journal was transferred to Dr. D. W. Hankie, the name having 
previously been changed to the Ohio Educational Mon t hi v and 
the price advanced to $1 . 50. 

Dr. Henkel removed the Monthly from Columbus to Salem, 
Columbiana County, and at his death it was bought by Dr. Samuel 
Findley, late superintendent of Akron Public Schools, and, com- 
mencing with the February number, 1882, the office of publication 
has since been in Akron. 

Dr. Findley at once so popularized the Mont hljr that its circu- 
lation doubled in a year and a half, moving the Doctor to increase 
its size from 32 to 48 pages, and the Ohio Educational Monthly, 
now on a sound financial basis, is not only the oldest, but probably 
the best educational journal in America. 

American Farm Neirs. — This, "A Journal Devoted to Farm- 
ing and Manufacturing," is a four column 16 page monthly, richly 
illustrated and handsomely printed, started by the American 
Farm News Company, with Solon L. Goode as manager and W. A. 
Connor as advertising manager. The Farm JVeirs -was com- 
menced in January, 1888, and, at the extraordinary low price of 25 
cents per year, it has already (July, 1891) attained to a circulation 
of about 100,000 copies, monthly, with a very liberal share' of live 
and profitable advertising. The Farm News is now owned and 
published by The Akron Printing and Publishing Company. 

The Advance. — June 7, 1877, Robert Shilling commenced the 
publication, in Cleveland, of a small daily, with a five-column 
weekly edition, under the above title, as an organ of the National 
Greenback Labor Party. In May, 1880, the daily edition was sus- 
■pended, the weekly being transferred to Salem, Columbiana 
County. An Akron edition was also printed at the Salem office. 
In August, 1880, Mr. John P. Burns became its editor and pro- 
prietor, and in January, 1881, removed the Advance to Akron, 
where it was published for a year, and finally discontinued. 


Almost innumerable other newspaper experiments have been 
tried in Akron, with greater or less literary and pecuniary success, 
during the past half century, which we cannot here notice, in 
detail, even could we remember them all; but as showing their 
variety, and general character, we briefly mention the following; 
Rose of the Vallejr, by Abraham Allison and Asa S. Marriner; 
Akron Offering; by Miss Calista Cummings; The True Kindred, 
devoted to Science and Reform, by Mrs. Rebecca M. M. Sanford; 
Flower of the West, by Allison & Rumrix; The Flail, a Demo- 
cratic campaigner, in 1840, by Leander L. Howard; the Free-Soil 
Platform, in 1848, by Hiram Bowen; the Sentinel of Libertj^, 
1855, printed by H. G. Canfield for an association of young Repub- 
licans; the Wide-Awake, Republican campaigner, 1860, by D. C. 
Carr, S. A. Lane and others; the Summitonian. literary monthly, 
1873, by H. G. Canfield; Beacon Magazine, premiuni for Weekljr 
Beacon, 1873; the Independent, Greenback-Democratic cam- 
paigner, 1878, by H. G. Canfield, and others remembered by name 
only, the Whip, the Sockdolager, the Casket, the Sunnj^ Side, the 



School Mistress,th.e Church Journal, the Fair Org^an, the Buchtel 
College Record, the Buchtelite, the Akron Herald, etc. 


It will thus be seen, hj the returns now in, that if not the 
exact center of the newspaper world, Summit County has been 
untiring in her efforts to become such. While some of the pub- 
lications named were, perhaps, of doubtful utility or proprietj^ the 
projectors thereof were unquestionably fullj' impressed with their 
importance and necessity. Though scarcely a man, or woman, 
connected with the periodicals named, has directly made any 
money out of the publication thereof, while many were consider- 
ably out of pocket thereby, their general influence for good upon 
the community admits of not a question. But for its newspapers, 
where would Akron and Summit Countj^ have been to-daj'? The 
liberal use of printers' ink, in advertising to the world our manifold 
advantages, in advocacy of canals, railroads and other public 
improvements, in encouragement to trade and manufactures, in 
the promotion of the cause of education and morality, has hitherto 
been, and will continue to be, a most potent factor in the advance- 
ment and prosperity of the community at large and of the indi- 
vidual citizen. 





\-Lft! -m -"^ "* 


View of Akron, Sixth Ward, from Tallmadge Road, 1801. 
From photo by George E. Hitchcock. 




THE first public burial ground within the present limits of the 
city of Akron, was what is now known as the " Old Cemetery," 
in the eastern portion of the Sixth ward, the land for which, about 
half an acre, in about 1808, was donated by Deacon Titus 
Chapman, the grandfather of the present venerable Edgar T. 
Chapman of the Sixth ward, the donor himself, who died 
November 18, 1808, being probably the first person buried therein. 
The use of this cemetery was superseded in 1853 by the purchase 
of some three acres of ground on East Market street, by a number 
of the public spirited citizens of Middlebury, under the corporate 
name of the " Middlebury Cemetery Association," by whom the 
grounds were surrounded by a substantial fence, planted to ever- 
greens, and tastefully laid out into driveways, avenues and lots 
18x21 feet in size, which are sold at from $25 to $50, according t6 
location, the Association also keeping in order, and caring for, 
the "Old Cemetery" above spoken of. 


Akron's second burial place w^as wrhat was known as "Spicer 
Cemetery," on the site now occupied by Akron, s educational 
glory and pride, Buchtel College, the land for which, fronting on 
Middlebury street, about one acre, was jointl)' dedicated to the 
purpose by Akron's first pioneer settlers, Messrs. Miner Spicer and 
Paul Williams, probably about 1813, 

This ground -was used for such occasional burials as occurred 
in the neighborhood from 3'ear to year, during the early settlement 
of Portage township, and after the building of the Ohio Canal and 
laying out of the new village of Akron, in 1825, by the people of 
the village, also, for the burial of its dead, until the establishment 
of the Akron Rural Cemetery, as hereinafter set forth, in 1838. 

To this ground was added, by donation from Mr. Spicer, and 
the purchase from Mr. Nathan B. Dodge, of 88-lOOth of an acre, in 


1854, at a cost of $200, making a total of two 67-lOOth acres, both 
increasing the grounds in width and extending them through to 
•Carroll street, under the auspices of the " Spicer Hill Burial Place 
Association," who neatly enclosed, laid out and beautified the 
grounds for the benefit of those who already had friends buried 
there, and such others as chose to purchase lots therein. 

The site of Spicer Hill Burial Place was one of the most com- 
manding in the city of Akron, and when it was decided to locate 
that splendid educational institution now known as Buchtel 
College, here, an arrangement was made by which the graves were 
removed to the Akron Rural Cemetery, and, in. March, 1871, for the 
consideration of one dollar, Messrs. Charles W. Brown, Avery 
Spicer, Talmon Beardsley, Hiram J. Spicer, and Levi Allen, as 
trustees of the Spicer Hill Burial Place Association, together with 
the several heirs of Miner Spicer, deeded the lands in question to 
the trustees of Buchtel College. 

The sub-soil of the Spicer buriat ground was a species of rock, 
similar to what is known as sewer-pipe clay, excavations having 
to be made almost wholly with the pick, so that surface water, 
percolating through the loose earth above the coffin, would be 
largely retained in the substantially water-tight grave. Major 
Miner Spicer, the original donor of the ground, died in 1855, being 
buried in a metallic coffin. On the transfer of his remains to the 
Akron Rural Cemetery, in 1871, on removing the slide from over 
the glass at the head of the casket, the friends were greeted with a 
view of the features of the old Major, in a perfect state of preser- 
vation, and looking as natural as when deposited in the grave 
nearly 16 years before. 

During the building of the Ohio Canal, the territory north of 
Tallmadge street, and east of Main street, -was largely covered by 
the cabins of the Irish laborers upon the canal, giving to the 
locality the name of "Dublin," which it retained for many years, 
and by which it is still called by many of the older residents of the 
city. To meet the mortuacy necessities of those early days, the 
plateau north of Furnace street, and west of North High, on the 
bluff overlooking the Little Cuyahoga river, was appropriated for 
burial purposes, which was used by the people of North Akron 
from its commencement, in 1832, until the establishment of the 
Akron Rural Cemetery in 1838. A portion, only, of the remains 
buried at the point named were removed to the new grounds, the 
others remaining undisturbed, where they were originally buried, 
until they were unearthed by the cutting away of the bluff in 
question, in grading for the Valley Railway, in 1873, to the great 
surprise of those who were not aware of the sacred nature of the 
ground they were plowing through; it even being reported that a 
pretty well preserved skull thus brought to light was the missing 
headof William Beatson, the Englishman murdered at Cuyahoga 
Falls, in 1853, it being known that James Parks, the murderer, 
must have passed near the place in his flight westward, after 
leaving the canal boat near the Old Forge, on the night of the 
murder, as elsewhere detailed. 

The Spicer burial ground being private property, and the North 
Akron ground having been hitherto used by mere sufferance, soon 
after the incorporation of the village, the question of establishing 
a public burying ground began to be agitated. No official action 


was had however, until June 17, 1837, when a committee was 
appointed by the Council to confer with Gen. Simon 'Perkins, of 
Warren, about the purchase of land for the purpose named, on 
what was then known as the "Oak Openings," west of the Lower 
Village, the ground in question being densely covered with a 
thick growth of oak bushes, interspersed with an occasional good 
sized oak tree. 

Gen. Perkins, when interviewed, proposed to sell to the village 
four acres of ground at one hundred dollars per acre, and to 
donate one acre additional, or to give the one acre whether the 
four acres were purchased or not. November 7, the Council 
resolved to accept the General's proposition, provided he would 
divide the purchase money into six annual payments of $66.66| 
each, which terms being acceded to, on November 13, 1837, the 
committee was authorized to make contract, plat, etc., but for 
reasons -which do not appear, only three 42-l(X)th acres -were pur- 
chased and platted. October 27, 1838, the Council purchased from 
Judge Leicester King three acres additional upon the west side of 
the plat described, for the consideration of $250, which was soon 
afterwards platted and made a part of the cemetery grounds. 

The grounds were laid out into four blocks, 1, 2, 3 and 4, 
with central latitudinal and longitudinal driveways, 20 feet in 
width, with entrance on South Maple street, the lots being of uni- 
form size, 10 by 15 feet, with intersecting five and six foot ave- 
nues between, the price of lots at first being $3, or at the rate of 
two cents per square foot. For many years the grounds remained 
unfenced and unimproved, except the staking out of the lots and 
the grubbing out of a part of the bushes, and, without superin- 
tendent or special care-taker, from its isolated location, extremely 
favorable to the nocturnal operations of both professional and 
non-professional "resurrectionists", though in one instance at 
least, they failed to get away with their booty — the body of Benja- 
min Tuells, a somewhat dissipated jeweler, weighing 225 pounds, 
being found on the margin of his grave, a morning or two after his 
original interment, in December, 1847. 

For many years the persons who officiated as sextons were, 
successively, Alexander Williams, John Taplin, C. S. W. Brown, 
Arza Kellogg, etc., for the North Village and Peter Hendrick 
Centaurus for the South Village, to one of whom application for 
burial had to be made, the applicant usually being required to 
produce a certificate of payment for lot, from the Village Recorder, 
before interment could be legally made, though in the general 
stringency of the times, and the consequent poverty of the people, 
this rule was not always strictly enforced, the delinquencies 
resulting therefrom causing the authorities much trouble, and in 
many instances necessitating the removal of graves to the 
pottersfield, and the sale of lots to other parties. 

There were no "undertakers" nor professional "funeral direc- 
tors" in those days, the village cabinet-maker, from measurement 
of the subject, making the coffin to order, of whitewood, pine, 
cherry, black walnut, etc., stained or varnished, without name- 
plate or ornament, at a total cost of from $2.00 to $3.00; the sexton's 
fee, includirlg conveyance of remains by wagon, (there was no 
hearse until 1840), being from $1.50 to $2.00; the total expense of 
burying a deceased friend, including lot, being less than $10.00; 



many times, indeed, the coffin was borne upon the bier, by hands 
of sympathetic neighbors, followed by relatives and friends from 
the house of mourning to the burial place on foot. 

born in Charlotte, Vt., Juls^ 9, 
1790 ; academic education ; married 
to Miss Sophia Field, of Wethersfield, 
Vt., soon removing to western Ne^v 
York, and from thence to Akron, in 
1832 opening- the first drug store in 
the village, his original store and 
dwelling both still standing on 
South Main street. Dr. Commins 
was not only a careful and succesful 
merchant, but was largely instru- 
mental in securing the erection of 
the new county of Sunnnit and the 
location of the seat of justice at 
Akron, and in many other ways 
advancing the interests of the town 
and county, and to him is especially 
due the credit of inaugurating 
Akron's beautiful Rural Cemetery, 
as elsewhere fuUj' described in these 
pages. Dr. Commins was w^ell versed 
in literature and the sciences, in 
which, as well as on political topics, 
he was a fluent debater and a ready 
writer. In politics he was a stanch 
Democrat and highly influential in 
the councils of his party, both 
county, state and national. He was 
the father of two sons— the youngest, 
Augustus J. dying October 27, 1837, 
a t the age of 20; the eldest. 



Alexander Hamilton, surviving- his 
father some 13 years, as elsewhere 
stated. Mrs. Coinmins died Febru- 
ary 11, 1865, aged 78 years, 9 inonths, 
the doctor himself dying, universally 
respected, November 4, 1867, aged 77 
years, 3 months and 25 days. 


At an early day, however, there were those among our citizens 
who had a fine sense of appreciation of what was due from the 
living to the dead, as w^ell as to the better nature of the survivors 

In the archives of the present Cemetery Association, is the 
following pencil memorandum, in the hand writing of the late Dr. 
Jedediah D. Commins, written over forty years ago, -which not 
only explains itself, but much that follo-ws: 


"If the Akron Rural Cemetery should succeed and become 
-what its founders hope, trifling incidents relating to its origin and 
establishment may be sought for with avidity, in after ages, by 
those -whose ancestors have long been entombed in this cemetery, 
and it is with a view to gratify this desire that the following 
remarks are made: 

"During the year 1837, Akron, although at the time an incor- 
porated to-wn, had no public burying ground, and the one thereto- 
fore occupied -was unsuited to the purpose, on account of its being 
wet land, the water frequently standing in the graves to the depth 
of six inches before the body was deposited, and, besides, the 
ground was private property. 


"In this state of things one of our citizens, Mr. C. [Mr. 
Commins, himself], had the misfortune to lose a son of much 
promise, justentering the threshold of manhood. Mr. C. could not 
■endure the thought of making this a last resting place for the 
remains of one who had been so dear to him, and as there was no 
other, he caused the remains of his deceased son to be inclosed in 
spirit, and kept them in his own dwelling for more than a year. 

"In the course of the Summer of 1838, he visited the cemetery 
of Mount Auburn, near Boston, originally with the view of fixing 
on the form of a tomb; but while viewing the beauties of that rural • 
cemetery, it occurred to him that a similar establishment might be 
founded at Akron, and with that view possessed himself with such 
information as was within his reach, and on his return — having 
visited a similar establishment at Rochester, on the way — laid the 
matter before such of the citizens of Akron as he supposed would 
take an interestin the subject, and was gratified to find their feel- 
ings harmonizing with his own. Afterwards it became a subject 
of frequent conversation. It was at once perceived that we had 
localities every way suited to this interesting object, and it w^as 
considered most proper to ask the Legislature for an act of incor- 
poration and therefore, 

"At an informal meeting of a fe\sr citizens of Akron, in the 
Autumn of 1838, J. D. Commins w^as appointed to draw up a 
charter for the purpose of incorporating a company for the pur- 
pose of establishing a rural cemetery at Akron, and also a me- 
morial to accompany it to the Legislature. Whereupon the following 
petition and charter were drawn up, and being approved, were 
forwarded to the General Assembly, by Gregory Powers, Esq., 
member of the Senate, and the charter being sanctioned by both 
Houses, became the law of the State." 

The petition, as drawn by Mr. Commins, and duly presented 
to the Legislature by Senator Powers, January 10, 1839, was signed 
by Jedediah D. Commins, Erastus Torrey, Ithiel Mills, Joseph Cole, 
George Babcock, Ebenezer Martin. David K. Cartter, Richard 
Howe, Dana D. Evans, Philo Chamberliii and Miner Spicer, the 
petition containing, among others equal cogent, these paragraphs: 

" The interment of the dead is a subject of great and growing import- 
ance, and one deeply interesting to every well regulated community, and 
can not too early eng-ag'e their serious consideration. 

" In our eastern cities corporations have been authorized to establish 
rural cemeteries on a scale commensurate with the wants of many genera- 
tions, combining the objects of beauty and health, which, instead of being 
shunned in consequence of their melancholy associations, have becoine the 
most desirable promenades, where, retiring from the busy scenes of life, 
they can at the same time enjoy the beauties of the garden and rural scenery, 
inhaling the pure air of the country, and, as it were, commune with those 
who had once been dear to them, in these cities of the dead. 

"The situation of our village and neighborhood now admits of a 
selection of ground sufHciently extensive and beautifully romantic, which a 
few jrears will render it difficult, and perhaps impossible, to obtain. 

" We do therefore pray, etc." 


On March 18, 1839, an Act was passed, containing thirteen 
sections, which we condense as follows: 

Section I. Be it enacted hy the General- Assembly of the State o£ 
Ohio, That Simon Perkins, Jr., Samuel A. Wheeler, Erastus Torrey, Ithiel 
Mills, Joseph Cole, Richard Howe and Jedediah D Commins, and such other 


persons as may hereafter be associated with them, their successors and 
assigns, be and they herebj^ are created a body politic and corporate, by the 
name of " The Proprietors of the Akron Rural Cemetery," etc. 

Sec. II. The capital stock of this company shall be twentj' thousand 
dollars, which shall be divided into shares of twenty dollars each, ten per 
cent, of which shall be paid at the time of subscribing-, and the residue 
thereof in such installments as the directors of said corporation shall judge 
necessary, etc. 

Sec. III. Provided for the election, annually, of seven directors, all 
stockholders, four of whom shall be residents of the town of Akron, each 
stockholder to have one vote for each share of stock owned, and every lot 
owner to have one vote, in the choice of said directors, the directors, until the 
first election, to be Samuel A. Wheeler, Erastus Torrey, Itlaiel Mills, Richard 
Howe, Simon Perkins, Jr., Joseph Cole, and Jedediah D. Commins ; also giv- 
ing- the directors power " to purchase and hold such quantity of land as they 
may deem proper for the purpose of a rural cemetery, not exceeding fifty 
acres, and to dispose of the same in such manner as they shall judge proper, 
having regard to the full objects of said charter," a subsequent section 
empowering the directors to purchase lands on a credit not to exceed ten 
years, and to mortgage the same to secure the purchase monej^, with inter- 
est, but for no other purpose ; said lands being declared exempt from all 
public taxes so long as they shall remain dedicated to cemetery purposes. 

Sec. VI. Provides that the money arising from the sale of lots, after 
reimbursing the stockholders, both principal and interest for money 
expended in the purchase of land and improvements, " shall be laid out in, 
and forever devoted to, the preservation, improvement, planting and embel- 
lishing said cemetery, in such a manner as may be deemed most expedi- 
ent by the directors, and for the incidental expenses of said cemeterj^, but 
for no other purpose whatever," and that " after the stockholders shall have 
been reimbursed as aforesaid, their stock shall be canceled, and none of said 
stockholders shall be members of said corporation except such as own lots 
in said cemetery and have paid for the same." 

Sec. IX. Authorizes the corporation to receive and hold " any grant, 
donation or bequest of propery upon trust, and to applj' the income thereof 
for the improvement of said cemetery, or of any buildings, fences or struct- 
ures erected or to be erected upon the lands of said corporation, or of any 
individual proprietor of a lot in said cemetery, or for the repair, preservation, 
or renew^al of anj^ tomb, monument, gravestone, fence or railing, or other 
erection in or around any ceinetery lot, or for the planting and cultivation 
of trees, shrubs, flowers or plants in or around any cemetery lot, according- 
to t^e terms of such grant, donation or bequest." 


The original stockholders -were: Simon Perkins, Jr., Joseph 
Cole, Jedediah D. Commins, Erastus Torrey, Philo Chamberlinr 
Ithiel Mills, Richard Howe, Miner Spicer, James R. Ford, Samuel 
A. Wheeler, William T. Mather, Lucian Swift, five shares each; 
Frank Adams, four shares; Alvah Hand, Warren Clark, David L. 
King, Henry W. King, three shares each; David K. Cartter, George 
Howe, Dana D. Evans, Warren H, Smith, Lucius V. Bierce, Arad 
Kent, Nathaniel Finch, Rufus P. Spalding, Philander D. Hall, 
Henry S. Abbey, two shares each; William M. Dodge, Henry Howe, 
Heman A. Bradley, Ansel Miller, Gibbons J. Ackley, Milton W. 
Henry, James M. Hale, Hiram Viele, Ezra Leonard, James Sawyer, 
Harvey B. Spelman, James M. Edson, John H. ChamberHn, Myers, 
Coburn & Co., Beebe & Elkins, Henry H. Wheeler, Edwin Angel, 
Lucius S. Peck, one share each. Of the forty-seven subscribers 
to the stock of the association only five are believed to be now liv- 
ing, (September 1, 1891). 



pOL. SIMON PERKINS— born at 
V> Warren, February 6, 1815; 
Septeinber, 1832, married Miss Grace 
I. Tod, daughter of Judge George 
Tod, and sister of the late Governor 
David Tod ; removed to Akron in 
1835, engaging in farming- and grow- 
ing fine stock ; State Senator for 
Portage Counts^, 1839, '40, and largely 
instrumental in securing the erec- 
tion of the new county of Summit ; 
Representative from Summit 1841, '42, 
securing passage of bill submitting 
question of locatiQn of county seat to 
popular vote ; trustee of Portage 
township ten years between 1839 and 
1877 ;. charter member of Akron 
Rural Cemetery Association, and its 
president and most active promoter 
from April, 1839, until his voluntary 
resignation, April, 1880—41 j^ears ; 
president of Akron's pioneer railroad 
— the Cleveland, Zanesville & Cin- 
cinnati (now Cleveland, Akron & 
Columbus) from March 11, 1851, t'- 
Novembers, 1864, and general super- 
intendent till November 4, 1869, 
sacrificing nearly his entire private 
fortune in its promotion ; a liberal 
contributor of lands for parks and 
public purposes, and of money for all 
industrial, educational and benevo- 
lent enterprises, his death, at the 
ag-e of 82 years, 5 months and 15 days, 


if/ /p '^.p s) 

■i'V^f 'i.u '■^'t'^^. I yr/t -,.1 



July 21, 1887, was universally 
lamented, Mrs. Perkins having died 
April 6, 1867, aged 56 years and 6 
days, seven of their eleven children 
surviving them. 

At a meeting of the directors named in the charter, April 9, 
1839, Simon Perkins, Jr., was eleced president; Jedediah D. Com- 
mins, secretay, and Samuel A. Wheeler, treasurer. October 17, 
1839, a code of by-laws to regulate elections was adopted, and 
Messrs. Perkins and Commins were empowered to purchase 
twenty acres of land from Gen. Perkins and Judge King, and to 
negotiate -with the Council for a portion of the grounds belonging 
to the town of Akron. 

November 13, 1830, council committee on burying ground 
reported adversely to the application of the association for part of 
its grounds, which was adopted. Thus matters stood — the council 
continuing to manage its grounds as named, with perhaps some 
slight additions, and the association, besides purchasing lands, 
doing little more than to keep its organization intact, until the 
beginning of 1850, when the negotiations were renewed, resulting 
in a proposition to transfer the grounds to the association on con- 
sideration that the association assume the liabilities of the town 
for lands and improvements, make good its obligations to lot hold- 
ers, pay $60 for its hearse, and transfer to the town stock of the 
association to the amount of $200, reimbursable as other stock in 
said company, the transfer being made by Mayor Lucius V. Bierce, 
February 16, 1850. 

Subsequent history, growth, etc. 

We cannot minutely trace, step by by step, the progress which, 
in the intervening forty -two years, nearly, has been made by the asso- 
ciation, now pleasurably visible to all. From its first organization 



ill April, 1839, until his greatly regretted final resignation in 
April, 1880, — 41 years — Col. Simon Perkins was the president of the 
association, the secretary from the beginning, until his death, in 
1867 — 26 years— being the late Dr. Jedediah D. Commins, both of 
the gentlemen named being unwearied in their efforts to make the 
Akron Rural Cemeterj- truly "a thing of beauty and a joy forever." 
Lafids have been added from time to time, until now, (1891) at 
the total original cost of $18,940.16, the grounds cover an area of 
57 25-100 acres, beautifully laid out into romantic drives and walks, 
with nicely graded lots of diversified shapes and sizes, the whole 
centrally bi-sected by meandering and sparkling Willow Brook, 
with its cascades, ponds, bridges, etc. Tastefully arranged shrub- 
bery ornaments nearly every portion of the grounds, while upon 
private lots are attractive monuments and tablets erected by lov- 
ing hands in memorj' of the dear ones there reposing. Approach- 
ing the grounds from the city, through Glendale Avenue, following 
the tortuous course of Willow Brook, with high bluffs and over- 
hanging trees on either side, with the superintendent's handsome 
stone lodge upon the right, the high stone bell-tower on the left 
and Akron's splendid Memorial Chapel, in honor of her deceased 
soldiers, in front, nothing can be more sublimely beautiful than 
the entrance to this truly magnificent city of the dead, with fresh 
surprises at almost every turn while driving or walking through 
the grounds. 

qPHOMAS WILLS,-~born at North- 
J- ampton, England, April 23, 1822; 
learned the trade of florist; at 21 was 
married to Miss Eliza Martin, and in 
1851 they came to America, settling- 
sit Cuyahoga Falls, where he worked 
12 years as florist and landscape 
gardener for the late Hon. Elisha N. 
Sill. During the war Mr. Wills h eld an 
appointment under the Government 
as sanitary gardener at Chattanooga, 
remaining there until May 19, 1868, 
when he was appointed superinten- 
dent of the Akron Rural Cemetery, 
which position he ably filled until 
October 27, 1879, when he resigned to 
devote his whole attention to his 
Park Place green house, which he 
had meantime established, the 
Board of Trustees unanimously 
passing a highly laudatory resolu- 
tion on his retirement from the posi- 
tion. He did an extensive and suc- 
cessful business, until his death, from 
cancer of the stomach, August 14, 
1886. Mr. and Mrs. Wills were the 
parents of seven children, four of 
w^hom survived him — Alice Amelia, 
wife of Mr. Hugo Schumacher, treas- 
urer of the Schumacher Milling 
Company; Bert T., successor to 
father in Park Place greenhouse; 


Hannah May, stenographer with 
Schumacher Milling Co., and Arthur 
J., clerk in office of The B. F. Good- 
rich Company. Mrs. Wills is still 


On first assuming control, Mr. John M. 
present citizen, Henry O. Martin, of 415 

Martin (father of our 
West Center street), 


Akron's pioneer tombstone manufacturer, was appointed superin- 
tendent, being succeeded, in 1857, by Akron's pioneer cabinet- 
maker, the late Mr. David G. Sanford. These early superin- 
tendents gave but little, if any, attention to impi-oving the 
grounds, which matters were looked after chiefly by President 
Perkins and Secretary Commins, the superintendents aiding pur- 
chasers in the selection of lots, overlooking burials, etc. "> 

The first regularly salaried superintendent, to devote his whole- 
time to the interests of the association, and the beautifying of its- 
grounds, , was Mr. Thomas Wills, theretofore for several years a 
resident of Cuyahoga Falls, and a thoroughly trairied gardener and 
florist, appointed May 19, 1868, at a salary of $1,000 per year. 

The value of Mr. Wills' services to the association and the 
community, is evinced by the action of the board in accepting his- 
resignation, October 27, 1879, after an incumbency of over eleven 
years, in the unanimous adoption of the following resolution: 

" Resolr^ed, That in thus terminating- the connection of Mr. Wills with- 
our cemetery, we desire to express our high regard for him and our warm 
appreciation of the uniform courtesy and zeal -with which he has, during the 
long period of his superintendency, discharged the duties of his position." 

At the same meeting, October 27,1879, the superintendency was. 
tendered to Mr. Albert H. Sargent, of Rochester, N. Y., at the same 
salary which had been paid to Mr. Wills, $1,000 per year, and the 
use of the lodge as a family residence, free of rent. Mr. Sargent 
accepted, and on February 1, 1870, entered upon the duties of the 
position, which have been so faithfully and efficiently discharged, 
that at the annual meeting, July 7, 1884, his salary -was voluntarily 
and unanimously increased, by the directors, to $1,250 per annum. 


After the peremptory resignation of Col. Perkins, as president, 
as above stated, the Board, on reluctantly accepting the resigna- 
tion, April 17, 1880,'unanimously adopted the following testimonial: 

"Sincerely regretting the action of our late President, Col. Simon 
Perkins, in sev'ering his connection with the association, as an expression of 
the views of the board, be it 

" Resolved, That to the devoted attention and unwearied care of Col. 
Simon Perkins, Akron is greatly indebted for our beautiful cemetery, the 
source of so much pride and pleasure to all our citizens." 

A cordial invitation was also extended to Col. Perkins to still 
aid the superintendent in carrying out the plans and designs he 
had originated, and also to attend the meetings of the board and 
favor the members with his advice, at a later meeting Julj^ 6, 
1880, the Colonel being elected an honorary member of the board, 
with an urgent request to attend its meetings. 

David L. King, Esq., was elected as Col. Perkins' successor to 
the presidency, April 17, 1880, which position he continuous^ 
filled, with eminent zeal and fidelity, till July, 1891, when he was 
succeeded by Mr. Ferd. Schumacher. 

Board of Directors, elected July 6, 1891: Ferd. Schumacher, 
John R. Buchtel, Jeremiah A. Long, Alvin C. Voris, Edwin P 
Green, John Wolf. 

After the death of the original secretary, Dr. Jerediah D. Com- 
mins, November 4, 1867, Charles R. Howe was elected as his 



successor in July, 1868, not only giving to the position the most 
faithful attention during his life-time, but also on his death, 
December 7, 1875, bequeathing to the association the sum of $5,000 
to be held in trust, on interest, the income from which was to be 
devoted to the perpetual care of his own lot and other portions 
of the cemetery grounds. 

DAVID L. KING,— son of Judge 
Leicester King, born at Warren, 
December 24, 1825 ; graduated at Har- 
vard 1846 ; read law with King & 
Tayler in Akron; 1849 with his 
brother, Henry W., formed law firm 
of King & King ; May 1, 1849, married 
to" Miss Bettie Washington Steele, 
(grand - niece of President George 
Washington), who has borne him 
five children, three of whom survive ; 
1851 located in Cleveland, butreturned 
to Akron in 1855, in addition to his 
lavj^ practice, as executor managing" 
his deceased father's large landed 
estate; abandoning the law in 1867, 
took an interest in, and the secretarj- 
ship of, the Akron Sewer Pipe Com- 
pany, retaining his connection there- 
with ten or twelve years ; 1882-88 
president King Varnish Compan}', 
an enterprise resulting in pecuniarj- 
disaster ; active in all public enter- 
prises, his energy and liberality have 
largely inured to the benefit of the 
city of Akron, the Valley Railwa3' 
especially being a substantial monu- 
ment of his indomitable persever- 
ance, while our public schools, our 
free library, our benevolent associa- 


tions and oiir beautiful Glendale 
Cemetery have all received his foster- 
ing care, Mr. King having served as 
president of the last named organiza- 
tion after the resignation of Presi- 
dent Perkins, in 1880, until Jul3', 1S91. 

Albert J. McNeil followed Mr. Howe, as secretary, July 3, 1876, 
being superseded by Albert B. Tinker in Jul}', 1879, followed, in 
1880, by Edwin P. Green, with A. H. Sargent as assistant. Mr. 
Sargent succeeded to the secretar3'ship in July, 1884, which posi- 
tion, in addition to the superintendency, he has ably filled to the 
present time. 

The treasurers of the association, from the beginning, have 
been Samuel A. Wheeler, 1839-50; Arad Kent, 1850-55; George D. 
Bates, 1855-76; William B. Raymond, 1876-88; Erhard Steinbacher, 
1888 to present time. 


Soon after the close of the war, in which the ladies, everj^- 
■where, had borne so conspicuous a part, by their incessant and 
self-sacrificing labors for the care and comfort of our sick and 
wounded soldiers, as detailed in another chapter of this work, 
ladies of Akron, feeling that the home resting place of their loved 
ones needed better care and protection, devised the scheme of 
aiding the cemetery authorities in the employment of a competent 
person to devote his whole time to the care and improvement of 
the grounds, and the erection of a suitable home upon the grounds 
for the use of the person so employed. 




EVANS,— daughter of Judge 
George Tod, of Youngstown.,was born 
December 8, 1802; was married to 
John L. McCurdy, of Warren, Decem- 
ber 25, 1822, who died at Nashville, 
Tenn., in 1830, leaving three children 
—William, still living inYoungstown, 
George Tod, late of Akron, deceased, 
and Sarah, afterwards Mrs. Parks; 
also deceased. In 1836, Mrs. McCurdy 
was married to Dr. Dana D. Evans, 
of Akron, bearing him three children 
— all deceased. Dr. Evans dying 
from blood poisoning in December 
1849, in the 39th year of his age. 
Mrs. Evans was active in all public 
and private benevolent enterprises, a 
leading member of the Soldiers' Aid 
Society during the war, and after 
several years of highly acceptable 
service as matron of the Northern 
Ohio Hospital for the Insane, at 
Newburg, she organized the Akron 
Ladies' Cemeter}^ Association, and 
bent all her energies towards the 
erection of the Superintendent's 
Lodge, at the entrance to Glendale 
Cemetery, which was nearing- com- 


pletioii at the titne of her death, Feb- 
ruarj' 2, 1869, at the age of 66 years, 2 
months and 6 days. Mrs. Evans was 
a sister of the late Mrs. Judge James 
R. Ford, Mrs. Col. Simon Perkins and 
ex-Governor David Tod. 

To the late Mrs. Mary I. T. Evans, is undoubtedly due the 
credit of originating the plan -whose munificent and beneficent 
results 'we are about to trace. In the Beacon of July 12, 1866, is a 
note from Mrs. Evans, invoking the aid of the -writer, as editor of 
the paper, in favor of the project. Mrs. Evans said: 

"Some of us, -whose friends sleep their last sleep in those 
beautifully situated grounds, cannot afford costly monuments to 
mark the spot; but none are too poor to plant flowers and shrubs, 
and we must have these trifling proofs of undying love guarded 
and protected from the rude hand of the careless passer-by, or the 
determined one of some -who delight in -wanton destruction of 
everything offering pleasure to the eye. 

"The Akron Rural Cemetery Company are expending all their 
present means in constructing bridges, improving avenues, etc., 
and it will probablj' require all the revenue they may have from 
the sale of lots for some time to come. Shall we not give them a 
little help? 

"It is proposed to offer to the public a series of -weekly enter- 
tainments, such as promise pleasure to those who are -willing to 
patronize us. The first -will be a musical entertainment on Tuesday 
evening next. Mr. Cutter, Mr. IngersoU and Miss Ashmun have 
kindly consented to use their best efforts in getting up a musical 
treat on said evening, and some of our best singers have promised 
their valuable aid. 

" We have musical talent of a high order in our city, and I have 
no doubt that a succession of concerts, varied in character, and 
interspersed -with other pleasing performances, -will call out a little 
money from the plethoric pockets of our favored citizens, and also 
awake in all a sense of the worthiness of the object sought. 

"In the absence of the gentlemen who have promised their 
hearty co-operation, it seems to devolve on me, as the 'oldest 



inhabitant,' to present this subject to you. Will you have the 
kindness to give such a notice in the Beacon this week as will 
serve to call attention to this subject and elicit a hearty response?" 

Akron Rural Cemetery Superintendent's Lodge, 18M.— From photo ^>y 
George E. Hitchcock. 

At first Mrs. Evans met with much discouraging opposition — 
let the sexton build or hire his own house as other people did — 
a burjdng ground was not a proper place in which to erect a resi- 
dence for the living — raising money by such worldly and 
amusement-seeking means for so sacred a purpose was out of 
character, any way, if not absolutely sacrilegious — let the Cemetery 
Association make their own improvements, etc. But her plans 
\s'ere heartily approved and ably seconded bj' her two sisters, Mrs. 
Orace T. Perkins and Mrs. Julia Ford, and such other public- 
spirited ladies as Mrs. Sarah Gale, Mrs. S. H. Coburn, Mrs.' J. T. 
Balch, Mrs. David L. King, Mrs. Sarah T. Peck, Mrs. William H. 
Payne, Miss Anna Perkins, Miss Emma G. Townsend, Mrs. George 
Raynolds, Mrs. N. D. Tibbals, Mrs. G. T. McCurdy, Mrs. George T. 
Perkins, Mrs. Henry H. Brown, Mrs. Henry Gale, Mrs. Charles 
Rawson, Mrs. Hiram G. Fuller, Mrs. Henry S. Abbey, Mrs. Dr. E. 
Angel, Mrs. L. K. Miles, Mrs. Alden Gage, Miss Grace Perkins, 
Miss Abby Sloat, Miss Laura Balch, Miss Abby Carpenter, Miss 
Nellie Smith, Mrs. James Christy, Mrs. John H. Christy, Mrs. 

D. E. Hill, Mrs. Frank Adams, Mrs. A. H. Commins, Mrs. 
Philip P. Bock, Mrs, F. Schumacher, Mrs. J. H. Chamberlin, Mrs. 

E. Steinbacher, Mrs. O. C. Barber, Mrs. Thomas Wills, Mrs. W. B. 
Raymond, Mrs. Edward Buckingham, Miss Elma C. Bowen and 
many others not now recalled, the earlier records of the associa- 
tion not now being accessible. The officers elected March 25, 1871, 
were: Mrs. Henry H. Bro-w^n, president; Mrs. George T. McCurdj^, 
vice president: Mrs. Alden Gage, secretary and treasurer. 



So enthusiastically did the ladies enter into the good work 
that the movement soon became immensely popular and their 
entertainments triumphant successes. The concert, by volunteer 
home talent, above alluded to, yielded $159.35; a picnic excursion 
to Gaylord's Grove, a week later, $149.76; concert, Augusts, $247.81; 
repetition next night, $84.30; " Woodland Fete," on fair grounds, 
including promenade concert, (which the opposition designated as 
a dance), August 23, $312.40; tableaux, September 18 and 20, 
$126.50; dinners during fair, $357.23; amateur minstrel perform- 
ance, by Henry E. Abbey and other theatrically inclined young 
men, $200.19; total gross receipts, $1,631.54; expenses, $344.52; net 
proceeds, reported by Mrs. Evans, as president, and Emma G. 
Townsend, as secretary, October 25, 1866, during the first three 
months, being $1,287.02; which -was duly turned over to Col. Simon 
Perkins, president of the Akron Rural Cemetery, to be used for the 
purpose designated. 

pHARLES R. HOWE, — son of 
^ Richard and Roxana ( Jones ) 
Howe, was born in Akron January 7, 
1831 ; educated in Akron public 
schools ; in 1856 engaged in shoe 
trade in partnership with Morrill T. 
Cutter, the latter retiring- in 1872 and 
Mr. Howe in 1874. Mr. Howe was 
a liberal, enterprising and patriotic 
citizen; was first lieutenant of Capt. 
Storer's company of " Squirrel Hunt- 
ers " in 1862 ; first lieutenant of Co. A, 
54th Battalion, O. N. G., Co. F, 164th 
Regiment O. V. I., in the hundred 
days' service before Washington in 
1864 ; foreman of Eagle Hose Com- 
pany; member of Citji^ Council 1869-71 ; 
Park Commissioner from organiza- 
zation of board until his death ; 
secretary of Cemetery Association 
from 1869 until his death, in his will 
bequeathing $5,000 to the Perpetual 
Care Fund of the association ; mem- 
ber of Summit Lodge, No. 50, I. O. O. 
F.; its secretary 1855 ; presiding- officer 
1857 ; representative to Grand Lodge 
two ;se^rs ; District Deputy Grand 
Master two j'ears ; member of 
Encampment and Chief Patriarch in 
1861, and at time of his death repre- 
sentative to Grand Encampment. 
August 30, 1850, Mr. Howe was mar- 
ried to Miss Mary C. Webster, 


daughter of the late Charles Web- 
ster, who died March 14, 1865, aged 30- 
years, 5 months and 5 days, Mr. Howe 
dying December 7, 1875, aged 44 years, 
10 months and 11 days, leaving one 
child — Annabel, who died August 27, 
1876, aged 17 years, 1 month and 2 

By similar means the fund was gradually augmented, a Bazar, 
held in April, 1868, netting over $2,000, Aultman, Miller & Co. con- 
tributing a Buckeye Mower, J. F. Seiberling & Co. an Excelsior 
Reaper, to be sold on the ticket plan; and Herrick & Cannon a silver 
pitcher, to be presented to the handsomest man, on the voting 
plan — John R. Buchtel receiving 700 votes, Joy H. Pendleton 200 
and the writer one! 

The total fund at this time, April, 1868, was nearly $4,000, suf- 
ficient to -warrant the Cemetery Association in proceeding with 
the work, resulting in the completion, in fall of 1869, of the hand- 
some stone cottage, near the entrance to the grounds, since known 



-as the Cemeterj' Lodge, though two of its most earnest promoters 
did not live to witness the fruition of their unselfish labors — Mrs. 
Grace T. Perkins dying April (i, 1867, and Mrs. Marj^ I. T. Evans, 
Februarj^ 2, 1869. 

To add to their resources, the ladies established, and for se%'- 
eral j^ears maintained, under the care of Superintendent Thomas 
Wills, an extensive greenhouse for the purpose of supplying plants 
and flowers to such as desired them for the decoration of the 
graves of their deceased friends or the ornamentation of their 
homes. We have not space for a detailed report of the operations 
of the Ladies' Cemeterj^ Association, during the intervening 23 
3'ears, during all of v^'hich time it has maintained not only an 
active but a progressive existence, its truly gigantic labors being 
represented bj" the following figures: Original cost of Lodge 
$12,000; subsequent addition of kitchen, etc., $1,400; heating 
apparatus, $300; bridge near lodge, $500; gate posts, $150; Win- 
dow in Memorial Chapel, $500; furniture for Chapel, $210; improv- 
ing old portion of Cemetery grounds, $1,000; head-stone to grave of 
Mrs. Evans, $50; bell tower, $1,000; making a grand total of $17,1.50, 
besides many incidentals for repairs of the Lodge, etc., that vi^ould 
■doubtless swell the amount to very near, if not quite, $20,000. 

Present .officers of the Association: Mrs. David E. Hill, 
president; Mrs. Dr. William C. Jacobs, vice president; Miss Hattie 
S. Phillips, secretary; Mrs. William B. Raymond, treasurer. 

-^ George A. and Lydia (Blount) 
Sargent, born in Prince Edward 
County, Ontario, Canada, October 31, 
184t; raised on farm; educated in 
coiTiinon schools and at Montreal 
College, teaching- two j^ears before 
enteritig college; removed to Roches- 
ter, X. Y., in 1867; studied law four 
1,-earfJ with his uncle, Henry Sargent, 
Esq.; was then for ten years book- 
keeper for the celebrated seedsman, 
James Vick; then studied landscape 
engineering under Charles \V. 
Seelye, of Rochester; and was en- 
gaged upon the parks of that city 
until called to the superintendenc.v 
of the Akron Rural Cemeterj', Feb- 
ruarj' 1, 1880, which responsible posi- 
tion he is still ably filling; in 1882 
was appointed bj^ Council on com- 
mittee to organize the Akron Board 
of Health, officiating as clerk of that 
body three years; was elected mem- 
ber of Board of PMucation from the 
Third ward in spring of 1885, hold- 
ing the office six years, the last two 
years as president of the board; in 
1886 was elected coroner of Summit 
county, and re-elected in 18SS, serv- 
ing four j'ears. June 26, 1873, Mr. 
Sargent was married to Miss Sue S. 


Sargent, daughter of John and Lucj^ 
(Seelye) Sargent, of Jefferson count)-, 
N. Y., two children having been born 
to them— Albert H., born March 4, 
1877, dying in infanc}', and Jennie L., 
born March 3, 1878. 


But the crowning glory of Akron's beautiful Kural Cemetery, 
is Memorial Chapel, near the Glendale entrance, on the left, at the 



foot of "Ordnance hill," and overlooking Willow brook on the 

Soon after the close of the war of the rebellion, the subject of 
erecting, upon the court house grounds, a suitable monument to 
the memory of such of Summit county's gallant sons as had laid 
down their lives in defense of the Union, during that fearful con- 
flict, began to be agitated, but with no definite result until several 
of the townships of the county had erected similar monuments in 
their respective local cemeteries and public parks. 




View in Glendale Avenue, looking towards Akron Rural Cemetery Lodge. 
From photo by E. J. Howard. 

Soon after the organization of Buckley Post, Grand Army of 
the Republic, in March, 1867, that patriotic body took hold of the 
project of erecting a suitable monument to the memory of the 
deceased soldiers of Portage township and the City of Akron. By 
a series of dramatic and other entertainments, considerable sums 
of money were realized, aggregating something over three thous- 
and dollars in the course of three or four years, which was placed 
on interest. 

In the latter part of 1871 , the Akron Rural Cemetery Associa- 
tion tendered to Buckley Post, a suitable site on -which to erect 
the contemplated monument, ^vhich proposition was formally 
accepted by the Post December 7, 1871, and on December 11, 1871^ 
a board of nine trustees, consisting of three members of the Post 
and six citizens, was appointed by the Post as follows: Col. 
Simon Perkins, Lewis Miller, John F. Seiberling, David L. Kingr 
George W. Crouse, George D. Bates, Alvin C. Voris, Arthur L. 
Conger and David W. Thomas. 

The board by resolution of the Post, v^ras to take charge of the 
funds already raised, receive donations, procure plans, and pro- 
ceed to erect a monument at a cost of not less than Ten Thousand 
Dollars. The board was organized December 30, 1871, as follows: 
Col. Simon Perkins, president; Arthur L. Conger, secretary';. 
George W. Crouse, treasurer; finance committee, John F. Seiber- 
ling, George D. Bates, David W. Thomas, Thoinas W. Cornell; 



committee on design, David L. King, Alvin C. Voris, Col. Simon 
Perkins; statistician, George W. Crouse. 

Small additions to the fund were made from time to time, in 
various ways, but no active steps were taken for the erection of 
the monument until the beginning of 1874, when it was resolved, 
by the board, after consultation with other prominent citizens, 
and the cemetery authorities, to build, instead of a monument, a 
Memorial Chapel, with a receiving vault, and to raise for that 
purpose $25,000 by subscription, payable in six, twelve and eigh- 
teen months. 

View in Akron Rural Cemetery, looking out, 1874, before Memorial Chapel and 
Stone Arch over Willow Brook were constructed. 

This plan proved to be immensly popular with all classes, and 
at a concert held at the Academy of Music, February 14, 1874, for 
the benefit of the Chapel Fund, in addition to the receipts for 
admission to the concert, after an explanation of the plans of the 
board, by Col. Perkins, and stirring speeches by David L. King, 
George W. Crouse, John R. Buchtel, Rev. Richard L. Ganter and 
others, subscriptions were promptly made aggregating over 
$10,000, and on the follovi^ing fourth day of July the committee 
reported $20,000 in the fund and subscribed, with a good prospect 
for speedily securing the balance. * 

Pursuant to invitation several plans -were submitted by well- 
know^n competent architects, that of Frank O. Weary being unani- 
mously adopted by the committee on designs, and duly approved 
by Buckley Post. Col. Simon Perkins, George W. Crouse, Lewis 
Miller and David W. Thomas, v^rere constituted a building com- 
mittee and empowered to proceed at once to erect the building in 
accordance with the design adopted, and a contract was entered 
into with Messrs. George Wohlwend and Frank Lukesh for the 
erection of the entire structure, exclusive of windows, for the sum 
of $22,300, other necessary expenditures bringing the entire cost of 
the completed structure up to a little over $25,000. 



VieWin Akron Rural Cemetery from near Robinson and Howard Monutuents, 
looking West.— From photo b> Geori^e E. Hitclicock, 1891. 

Saturda3', May 29, 1875— being Memorial Day for that year- 
was thought to be a fitting occasion for the breaking of the 
ground for an edifice which w^as to be erected to the memory and 
valor of deceased soldiers, and arrangements to that end were 
made accordingly^, the programme adopted being brieflj' as follows: 

At 2:30 p. M. the procession formed on Howard street, under 
the direction of Major Thomas McEbright, assisted bj^ Emanuel 
P- Holloway, Capt. William C. Jacobs, Henry Young, Hugo Schu- 
macher and George M. Wright, in the following order: Babcock's 
band, 1.5 men; Buckley Post, 50 men; Marble's band, 18 men; 
Akron Liedertafel, 40 men; St. Vincent de Paul's band, 18 men; 


soldiers of 1812, in carriages, 5; Mayor Levi S. Herrold and Acting 
Mayor Richard P Marvin, Jr.; members of City Council; poet, 
orator, citizens, etc.; Col. Simon Perkins officiating as president of 
the day. 

' The exercises opened with a solemn dirge, by Marble's band, 
followed by an earnest and pathetic prayer by Rev. G. S. Weaver, 
of the Universalist Church, after which a male quartette, com- 
posed of Messrs. B3'ron S. Chase, Amasa F. Chandler, Harvey F. 
Miller and \V. Milton Clarke, sang an appropriate song. Messrs. 
George H. Payne and Albert A. Bartlett, two one-armed veterans 
of the late war, with pick and shovel, then formally broke ground 
for the foundation of the contemplated new structure. 

Gen. Alvin C. Voris, of Akron, delivered the oration, written 
in his own terse but fervid style, and spoken in his own earnest 
and impressive manner, closing with this eloquent paragraph: 

"May this monument be fruitful of instruction to those who come after 
lis, as well as an honored memorial to our departed heroes, giving- evidence 
that this generation possesses the spirit of our ancestors in sufficient degree 
to defend the institutions they transmitted to us. All praise to the liberalitj' 
and good taste of the citizens of Akron who thus honor the memory of our 
heroes. May we go hence resolutelj' determined to make, preserve and 
transmit to the future the best human institutions that ever mankind 
devised, and blessed will be our inemory." 

After the rendition of an appropriate song, in German, by the 
Akron Liedertafel, Mr. Will. M. Carleton, of Hillsdale, Mich., recited 
an original poem, composed for the occasion, too lengthy to be 
reproduced here, but which, after portraying the patriotic upris- 
ing in defense of the Union, the sacrifices and sufferings of the 
soldiers on battle fields and in prison pens, the tearful and prayer- 
ful anxieties and sorrows of the dear ones at home, in allusion to 
the annual Decoration Day observances, and the memorial structure 
about to be erected, said: 

" And so once more "we j^ather liere, to-da3'. 
To honor those who gave their lives away; 
And so, ^vith offering heart-felt and sincere, 
We speak the tender words and drop a tear. 

When the s-weet air holds out the touch of health. 
And silvery blossoms promise golden wealth, 
A fair and goodlv portion here ^^•e save, 
To mark the memory of the fallen brave. 

And when this structure rises through the air, 
And mingles with its memories words of prayer. 
So let our hearts ring out the prayerful strain, 
That those who sleep here slumlDer not in vain." 

A patriotic selection by Babcock's band, and the benediction 
by Rev. Henry Baker, of the first M. E. Church, closed the exer- 
cises of the day, the strewing of flowers upon the graves of their 
fallen comrades having been performed earlier in the day by the 
members of Buckley- Post. 

The work was prosecuted with such vigor that the foundation 
was ready for the superstructure early in July, and on Sunday, 
July 11, 1875, under the auspices of Buckley Post, the pleasant but 
solemn ceremonj^ of laying the corner-stone was performed at 5 
o'clock p. >r. Prayer was offered by Rev. Carlos Smith, of the Con- 
gregational Church. Gen. Alvin C. ^'oris deposited in the cavity 
of the stone resolutions of Buckley Post leading to erection of 
Chapel and of building committee in regard to design of structure; 
roster of Buckley Post; names of building committee; copies of 



Daily Beacon, containing account of breaking- ground and other 
matters pertaining to Chapel; a confederate bank-note; a Ten- 
nessee ten-cent bank-note; various coins and pieces of United 
States currency, and the Roll of Honor, containing the names of 
soldiers buried in the several cemeteries of the city. 


View in Akron Rural Cemetery, from head of Upper Duck Pond, 
looking East.- From photo bj' George E. Hitchcock, 1891j 

Appropriate addresses were made by Rev. G. S. Weaver, and 
Newell D. Tibbals, the latter, after alluding to the patriotic going 
forth to do battle for the Union, sadness of parting, the sacrifice 
of life and treasure, and the triumphant and glorious ending of the 
most gigantic struggle in the world's history, closing as follows: 

"And what was the lesson taught? It was that this great nation was 
more precious than the lives of its citizens ; that the rights of the people 
must be protected ; that the unity of our country be maintained, and that 
henceforth our glorious flag, the emblem of our national greatness, shall 
float at the masthead of our vessels, on every sea, in every harbor of everj- 
civilized nation. 

"Then, with feelings of gratitude to the noble dead, assembled here in 
the eventide of the first century of our glorious national life, in the harvest 
time of the year, in this beautiful home of the dead, and with the going down 
of the sun of this quiet, lovely Sabbath day, let us lay the corner-stone of this 
splendid structure, in memory of the loved ones who died for such a 
noble cause. Let us inscribe with their names, as the sentiment of the prin- 
ciple for which they fought and gave their lives—' Union and Liberty, now 
and forever, one and inseparable !' " 

The chapel is built on the cruciform plan, the nave being 
30x48 feet, the width of the transepts 42 feet, giving a ground area 
of 1,800 square feet. The entrance is at the east end, by five stone 
steps at either end of the broad porch, the entrance to the receiving 
vault, in the basement, being at the west end and on a level with 
the surface of the ground in the rear of the chapel. 

The entire structure is of fine sandstone, constructed in the 
most substantial manner, the roof covered with slate, floor of the 
chapel with tile, and roof of the receiving vault with stone and 



cement, with iron joists, copper roof protections, etc.; the interior 
finish of chapel, from floor to ridge of roof, being both substantial 
and handsome. 

Soldiers' Memorial Chapel In Akron Rural Cemetery, erected in 1875-6. 
From a photo by George E. Hitchcock, 1891. 

The most interesting features of the chapel are its memorial 
wincJows, the glass for -which was imported from Scotland. The 
large chancel window at the west end, 10x25 feet, contains a full 
length representation of "Col. Lewis P. Buckley, contributed by the 
members of the 29th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, with a 
brief history of that regiment during the war. The large three- 
panel transept window on the north side represents the labors of 
the Sanitary Commission and Soldiers' Aid Society — the heroic 
sacrifice and suffering of the loyal women of America, both at 
home, on the field of battle and in the hospital — contributed by the 
Ladies' Cemetery Association, as elsewhere stated. 


The three-panel transept window on the south side, placed by 
the Board of Memorial Trustees, on the Centennial Anniversary of 
American Independence, is a fitting conclusion of their unselfish 
and patriotic labors; the center panel contains a full length repre- 
sentation of Washington, with the legend: "Observe good faith 
and justice ^vith all nations;" the easterly panel, the figure of the 
hero of Lake Brie in the war of 1812, Commodore Oliver Hazzard 
Perry, and his triumphant message to Gen. Harrison, September 
10, 1813: "We have met the enemy and they are ours;" the west- 
erly panel, the martyred Lincoln, -with his immortal utterance in 
closing his second brief inaugural address, March 4, 1865: "With 
malice toward none, and with charity for all." 

Smaller windo^ws, with appropriate designs and mottoes were 
contributed by individual citizens as follows: Gen. A. C. Voris, in 
memory of his three brothers who died in the service; Judge 
Samuel C. Williamson, in memory of his brother, William Palmer 
Williamson, the first soldier killed in battle from Summit county; 
Frank O. Weary, in memory of his two young friends, Henry H. 
and Eugene D. Smith; friends, to the memory of Capt. Walter B. 
Scott; Gen. Thomas F. Wildes to the memory of his brother, John 
C. Wildes; Theodore Robinson and other members of the family to 
the memory of Virgil J.Rpbinson and his brother-in-law, Benjamin 
F. Weary, the latter being the first to enlist in Akron, and the last 
from Summit county killed, in the battle Appomattox, after the 
surrender of Gen. Lee, April 9, 1865; the east window being placed 
by members of the "Sixth Battery in memory of our fallen com- 
rades" — the two Louvre windows, representing a piece of field 
artillery and a Sibley tent, and the large ornamental rose window 
in front being contributed by architect Frank O. Weary. 

There are fourteen marble slabs, eight feet in height by three 
feet in width,Sipon which were inscribed, previous to dedication, 
the names of all of Akron and Portage township's soldiers killed 
in battle, or who had died, either during or after the close of the 
war, regardless of the place of their decease, or burial, and of all 
other known ex-soldiers from other localities who had died in 
Akron, to which has since been, and will continue to be, added those 
who are constantly being transferred from the ranks of Life to the 
grand and ever augmenting Armj' of the Dead. 

Two twelve-pound brass cannon, donated to Buckley Post by 
the War Department, for monumental purposes, properly mounted 
on carriages are stationed in close proximity to the chapel — one on 
"Ordnance Hill," upon the §outh, and the other on a slight mound 
upon the west. 


The chapel, complete in all its appointments, was duly dedi- 
cated on Decoration Day, Tuesday, May 30, 1876, with imposing 
ceremonies, briefly as follows: 

Besides the usual decoration services earlier in the day, a 
large procession of soldiers, ex-soldiers, citizens, civic societies, 
bands of music, etc., forming on Howard street, reached the chapel 
at 2 o'clock p. m. After the usual preliminary exercises of prayer, 
music, etc., Mr. Lewis Miller, on behalf of the Building Committee, 
presented the structure to Buckley Post in a brief but exceedingly 
appropriate address, which was received on behalf of the Post, in 


eloquent and fitting words by Capt. Samuel C. Williamson, who, in 
turn, in behalf of the Post, transferred the building to the care and 
custody of the Trustees of the Akron Rural Cemetery Association,, 
in closing addressing Col. Simon Perkins, president of the associa- 
tion, as follows: 

" To j'oiir hands, then, O, venerable patriarch of the past — the representa- 
tive of the earlier, and perhaps better, days of the Republic— in the presence- 
of these white-haired veterans of 1812, in whom, to-da5^ we span the chasm of 
a century, and shake hands with the heroes of the Revolution who fell at 
Lexington and Bunker Hill, and in their names, the founders of our govern- 
ment, and in the names of those who died to preserve it, we now confide to- 
j'ou these keys, the symbol of possession, in token of the transfer which is 
hereb3' made." 


On receiving the keys of the chapel from Judge Williamson,. 
Col. Perkins said: 

" Sir : In behalf of the Akron Rural Cemetery, we accept the beautiful 
and sacred trust, through you confided to us by the members of Buckle}^ 
Post, Grand Army of the Republic, of this fitting- memorial erected to' the 
memory of loved ones who were offered as a sacrifice on the altar of our 
country, that those who survive may transmit the legacj- confided to us, by 
our patriotic fathers, in spotless purity for generations to come. 

" The Cemetery Association will treasure the invaluable trust }ou now 
confide to us, and will preserve it as a sacred and loving tribute to ovir sonSr 
w^hose sacrifice -vi^as made for us and for our children after us. Allow me, in 
the name of the Akron Rural Cemetery Association to tender, through j'ou,. 
to Buckley Post, our grateful thanks for the confidence and honor reposed in 
us, and give them our assurance that the trust shall be preserved and pro- 
tected in love and brotherly regard for our sons." 

Ex-Governor Edward F. Noyes, the orator of the day, delivered 
one of the most eloquently impressive addresses ever listened to in 
Akron, but its length precludes its repetition here. .-V few brief 
excerpts must suffice: 

"The occasion which calls us together to-daj^" said the Governor, 
" obliterates all distinctions of creed and platform, all inequalities of fortune- 
and of social life. We come, indulging in a common sorrow for our beloved 
dead, to dedicate to the memory of departed heroes this Memorial Chapel — 
the work of willing hands, the offering of grateful and patriotic hearts. * * 
* There is something in the death of a patriot soldier which makes it more- 
touching and honorable than any other. * * * We realize that they have- 
died for us and for that which is dear to us ; that their immeasurable sacri- 
fice has made life, happiness and prosperity possible for us and for our chil- 
dren. * * * As a token of our appreciation and grateful remembrance, 
this beautiful edifice has been erected — an honor alike to the living and the 
dead. * * * a hundred years have passed since the Declaration of 
American Independence. What the coming century may have in store 
for us will depend upon our own deserts. A glorious future can only be 
secured to the people whose intelligence, virtue and patriotism makes them 
worthy to enjoy it. * * * Looking forward, then, over the hundred years 
before us, to the time when our nation shall number 300,000,000 souls— when 
the prairies shall be changed into gardens, and the hills shall be fragrant 
with orchards and vineyards — when the waste places shall give way to 10,000" 
cities, throbbing with active life — when our commerce shall whiten everj^ 
sea, and bear to distant lands the varied products of our ingenuity- and skill, 
of labor and of thought, shall we not be incited to nobler ainL-^ and efforts 
than we have yet attained? So best shall we honor those whose virtues we- 
commemorate to-day." 


At the conclusion of Gov. Noyes' address, after a song b}^ the- 
Akron Liedertafel,Will M. Carleton recited, an appropriate original 
poem, under the above title, the exercises closing with a song hyr 



the Apollo Club, the benediction by Rev. G. S. Weaver, and music 
by Akron Junior Band; and Memorial Chapel has for the past 
decade and a half been, as it must long continue to be, an honor to 
Akron's soldiery, living as well as dead, an inestimable public con- 
venience, an 'ornament to our beautiful Rural Cemetery, and a 
source of perpetual pride to all our people. 

Lewis Miller's Duck Pond, loolting East from Akron Rural Cemetery, previous 
to the Extension of Park Place to Glendale Avenue. 

On finallj' closing up his accounts, it ^vas found that in conse- 
quence of the panic of 1873, and the financial reverses resulting 
therefrom, a portion of the subscriptions -were non-collectable, and 
that in settling with the contractors, and the liquidation of other 
claims. Treasurer Crouse, in addition to his own liberal contribu- 
tion, was out of pocket just $3,500, for which sum, by special act of 
the Legislature, the Council was authorized to issue the city's 
bonds on -which to raise the money for his reimbursement, which 
was accordingly done; the entire cost of the structure, outside of 
individual contributions of memorial vsrindows, being $25,294.64. 

Aside from its preciousness, as the hallowed resting place of 
AJcron's departed loved ones of the past half century, in a money 
point of view, besides the nearly $20,000 paid for the land; the $20,- 
000 raised and expended by the ladies for the lodge and other 
improvements made by them; the $25,000 and over expended by our 
patriotic soldiers and liberal-handed citizens in the erection of 
Memorial Chapel, there has been expended by the association, at a 
low estimate, in improvements and care of grounds, $125,000, while 
private expenditures, for lots and ornamentation, head-stones, 
monuments, etc., w^ill undoubtedly aggregate fullj' $300,000 more, 
making a grand total of money expended to the present time of 
nearly, if not fully, half a million of dollars, one of the most notable 
family monuments on the grounds, being the life-like statue of 
Hon. John R. Buchtel, erected under his own supervision, after 
becoming an invalid, as elsewhere stated. 



Bell Tower, Akron Rural Cemetery. 

Lots are now held at fifty cents 
per square foot, in sizes to suit 
purchasers, in the newer portion 
of the grounds, in which portion 
an additional payment of twenty- 
five cents per foot is required, as 
a contribution to the Perpetual 
Care Fund, for the purpose of for- 
ever, by accruing interest, keep- 
ing said lots in order. As the 
object of this fund becomes better 
known, it grows in favor, many 
owners of lots in the older portion 
of the grounds, either contribu- 
ting outright thereto, or provid- 
ing by will for that purpose, the 
fund at the present time (Sep- 
tember, ISai), amounting to nearly $10,000. 

This fund should be rapidly augmented, so that, in the not 
very distant future, when the income from the sale of lots shall 
comparatively cease, and other and more distant grounds have to 
be resorted to, the care and beauty of our present attractive City 
of the Dead, by common consent called "Glendale Cemetery," may 
be forever assured, without a contingency or peradventure. 


In addition to Akron's beautiful Rural Cemetery, of fifty-seven 
acres, artistically laid out into romantic drives and walks, Etnd 
always open to the public, tourt house square, donated by Gen. 
Simon Perkins to Summit county, for public purposes, in 1840, and 
now covered with umbrageous trees, and traversed by substantial 
walks, and Fountain Park, of some 50 acres, the present attractive 
fair grounds of the Summit County Agricultural Society, also 
constantly available to the public as a pleasure resort, the city 
itself is the owner of quite a number of not very extensive but 
extremely pleasant, "breathing places" in the way of public parks, 
as follo\\rs: 


, The original proprietor of the land, .Gen. Simon Perkins, of 
Warren, in platting his new village of Akron, in 1825, laid out a 
" public square," on the western part of his plat, embracing what 
is now known as Perkins Park, bounded by West Exchange street 
on the south, Middlebury street on the north, Bowery street on 
the east and Locust street on the west, and also including the 
capacious grounds on which the Perkins school building now 
stands, on the south side of Exchange street, the whole containing 
about five acres of ground. The larger portion, north of Exchange 
street, is surrounded by a substantial fence, thoroughly sodded, 
planted to thrifty shade trees, evergreens, etc., and tastefully laid 
out into walks, with seats, etc., and is greatly enjoyed by the 
inhabitants of that portion of the city. 


June 20, 1846, in Council proceedings, it is recorded that a 
motion was unanimously adopted authorizing the Mayor "to 


receive any donation that Mr. Simon Perkins might make to the 
Town of Akron, and give the necessary assurance that his views 
and directions would be appreciated and carried out," and, on 
August 25, 1847, the Committee on Public Grounds were "author- 
ized to take charge of that part of the same lying northeast of 
Doctor Evans's, being a lot of about eight acres given to the town 
by Mr. Simon Perkins, as he will deed the same soon." 

March 11, 1848, a deed was executed by Simon Perkins, his wife,. 
Grace T. Perkins, Joseph Perkins, his wife, Martha E. Perkins, 
Jacob Perkins and Henry B. Perkins, "in consideration of our 
desire to provide for the health and convenience of the inhabitants- 
of the Tovsrn of Akron," conveying to the Town Council of said 
town, "the w^hole of Block number thirty, (30), containing seven 
and seven one-hundredths of an acre of land, and the w^hole of 
Block number six (6) in Perkins' Addition, containing one and 
eighty- five one-hundredths of an acre of land, "for the purpose of 
public squares, or grounds, and for no other purpose w^hatsoever,. 
and subject to these further limitations; that good and sufficient 
fences around the same shall be erected -within nine months from 
this date, and forever maintained at the proper cost of the Town of 
Akron; and that no buildings or structures of any kind shall be 
erected on the same, and on failure of said Council to erect said 
fences, or, after their erection, to keep them in repair, or on the 
erection of any building or structure theron, by said Council or 
their successors in office, or by any other person or persons, thenr 
and in either of these cases, or contingences, all of said lands, shall 
revert and revest in the said grantors, their heirs or assigns, as- 
fully as if this deed had not been made, and the said grantors^ 
their heirs or assigns may re-enter 'and take possession of the 
same, and enjoy it in as full and ample a manner as if this con- 
veyance had never been made." 

The larger of the two parcels of ground thus conve3red,. 
bounded by Prospect street on the west, Pafk street on the south,. 
Perkins street on the north and Elm street on the east, was, by 
common consent, named " Grace Park," in honor of Mrs. Grace T. 
Perkins, the amiable wife of the donor of the land in question, for 
though his three brothers, Joseph, Jacob and Henry B., joined in 
making the conveyance, it was understood that Col. Simon 
Perkins was alone the giver. 

Grace Park was fenced within the time specified, in December 
1848, with lumber at $8.00 per thousand feet and labor at thirty-one 
cents per rod, or a grand total cost of $189.02. Snbsequentlj' in 
1875, the city purchased from Joseph Perkins for $2,000 the strip of 
land lying between Elm (now North College) stre^ and the rail- 
roads, east and west, and Perkins and Park streets, north and 
south, a portion of which, including that portion of College street 
lying between the two parcels, has recently' been added to the 
main park, and the whole, nearly ten acres, surrounded by a hand- 
some and substantial iron fence, leaving a narrow driveway 
between the park and the railway embankment, on the east side.. 
This park, with a large number of the original forest trees — grand 
old oaks — still standing thereon, interspersed with evergreens and 
ornamental shrubs, surrounded by rows of thrifty young maples, 
with its well-kept walks and comfortable lawn settees, is a con- 
stant reminder to our people of the generosity and foresight of the 


donor, and of his expressed desire, as above quoted, " to promote 
the health and convenience of the inhabitants of the Town of 

That region of the town east of the railroads, and between 
East Market and Middlebury streets, was for many years an open 
common, or public cow-pasture, and the triangular block now 
known as "Union Park," included in the above named donation, 
remained unfenced and unimproved until a comparatively recent 
period. Indeed, both parcels were many times forfeited by the 
carelessness and neglect of the town officials, had the generous- 
hearted donor seen fit to enforce the stipulations of the deed as 
above given, Edward Oviatt, Esq., attorney for the town, in a 
report submitted by him February 21, 1858, admonishing the 
Council that "a failure to keep up the fences, or to permit any 
permanent structure to be erected on Grace or Flat-iron Parks 
would work a forfeiture of title and a reversion of the same to the 
original grantors, or their heirs." 

This triangular ground, designated as " Union Park," is now 
flanked on the west and north by handsome private residences, 
and on the southeasterly side by like structures, with Akron's 
magnificent high school building about midway. Like Grace 
Park, it is inclosed by a handsome iron post and rail fence, nicely 
graded and sodded and planted to shade trees, both inside and out, 
and most highly appreciated by both teachers, scholars and 

"Pleasant Park" is in the extreme south end of the citj', 
east of the railroads, bounded north by Thornton street, east by 
Grant street, south by Eagle street, and west by Washingten street,. 
and contains about five acres of land. It was dedicated to the 
public use by the late Samuel Thornton, as a part of Thornton's 
addition to the Citj^ of Akron, and virith the care that is being 
bestowed upon it by the park commissioners, being fenced, graded 
and liberally provided "with trees, walks, etc., is in realitj^ a verv 
great boon to the rapidly increasing population of that portion of 
the city. 

At the junction of West Market and North streets, and 
bounded on the east by Valley street, is a triangular park contain- 
ing about three-fourths of at acre, the eastern portion of which, 
lots five and six, or Wolf's sub-division, being purchased bj^ the 
city, July 19, 1880, from the Lock Slate Company, of Philadelphia, 
for the consideration of $475, and the apex, 30-100 of an acre, from 
George Flower, executor of George Treen, January 6, 1881, for the 
consideration of $800. The lot has been properly graded and 
improved, an4 in the center — a donation from Hon. J. Park 
Alexander — is a commodious fountain, whose sparkling waters 
gladden and refresh not only the inhabitants of the neighborhood, 
but the hundreds of daily passers-by. 

By an arrangement with the Cemetery Association, in the 
laying out of Glendale avenue, the triangle formed by the junction 
of the avenue with West Market and Cherry streets, containing 
about one-eighth of an acre was dedicated to the public, and a 
fountain erected thereon by the city, run at first by the -waters of a 
large spring, or well, at the corner of West Market and Bates 
street, but in more recent years by those of the Akron City Water 
Works. By a subsequent adjustment of street and lot lines,, 



between the city and Col. D. W. Thomas, this little park will 
finally become nearly, if not quite obliterated, though for the 
present it is being cared for by the commissioners, as are the 
other parks of the city. It is called the "Oasis." 

The handsome and conveniently located lot, on northeast 
corner of East Market and High streets, is the original lot upon 
which the late Gen. Lucius V. Bierce erected, in 1835, '36, what was 
then the finest family residence in the new village of North Akron. 
On the 13th day of September, 1875, the Gen. and Mrs. Bierce con- 
veyed their property to the city, on the consideration that, 
commencing on the 15th day of March, 1876, the city should pay to 
them the sum of $1,500 per annum during their joint lives, and on 
the death of either, the sum of $1000peryear to the survivor during 
his or her life, with the stipulation that the city should allow them 
to occupy said house or provide them with rooms in the new 
building that might be erected thereon, and provided further, "that 
the lot conveyed shall be forever known as 'Bierce Park.'" 

Not being ready to erect a city hall, or other public building 
on said lot, the grantors were permitted to occupy the premises 
until their respective deaths — the General, November 11, 1876, and 
Mrs. Bierce, April 24, 1882. 

The cost to the city for the property in question was about 
$6,000. For a time after the death of Mrs. Bierce, the house was 
rented to various parties, for domestic purposes, but as that usage 
vsras both annoying and profitless, besides jeopardizing the title, 
the building was sold to Mr. Leroy Munson, and by him removed 
to Furnace street, "where it is no-w doing daty as a tenement house, 
and the "most substantial house on that street. 

" Bierce Park'^ has been graded, sodded and fenced, and will 
thus be kept as a public park until such time as the city may 
desire to use the lot for the erection of such a public building — 
city hall, or otherwise — as its convenient and commanding loca- 
tion is worthy of. 

From its earliest history Middlebury has had quite an exten- 
sive public square, contributed by Roswell Kent, and other 
public-spirited citizens, on the southerly side of what is now East 
Market street, and on which the original school house of the 
village was located, and in later years the high school building of 
Middlebury township. Since the annexation of that to"wnship to 
the city, and the erection of the splendid new Sixth Ward school 
building, on South Arlington street, the old school building has 
been converted into Fire Station Number Two, and the old 
Middlebury public square, with its nicely graveled walks, its well- 
kept lawn, its sparkling fountain, its thrifty shade trees, shrubbery, 
etc., is now, under the management of the fire laddies, one of the 
very pleasantest parks in the city. 

In addition, and nearly opposite, in the acute angle formed by 
the junction of East Market and Broad streets, also a contribution 
from early residents, is a shadj^ lawn, or park, of perhaps one-fourth 
of an acre, which is both a great convenience and a source of 
pleasure to the inhabitants of that portion of our goodly city. 

The parks of the city are under the care and control of a board 
of three park commissioners, at present consisting of Christian 
Vogt, Johii Kreuder and David Rittersbach, all of whom, without 
compensation, j'early devote much time and attention to their 



improvement, the annual expenses for fencing, grading and plant- 
ing, trimming, mo"wing, seating, etc., averaging about $2,700, for 
the past five or six years, the expenditures for the past five years, 
as shown by city clerk's annual report to City Council being, 
respectively, $1,963.08; $2,369.40; $2,491.19; $2,655.39; $3,153.03; the 
cost of fencing Grace and Union Parks alone being respectively 
about $3,000 and $1,350; the fences, however, being of such a per- 
manent nature that no further expense than an occasional coat of 
paint will be required for many years to come. 

f ^^ 


View on Ohio Canal, below Stone Mill, 
looking South. 




AS in subsequent chapters, under their respective heads, the civil 
service status of the several townships, in the county, state 
and nation, will be given, it is here in order to ' show how 
far the citizens of the shire town have been honored with 
positions of public trust, by the people of the town, village, county, 
and state, and the fidelity with which each and all have discharged 
the arduous and responsible duties thus devolved upon them, and 
it may here be parenthetically observed, that, in the long list of 
names which follows, not a single instance of malfeasance in office, 
has been reported or suspected. 

As elsewhere stated Akron was incoporated as a "Town," by 
act of the Legislature, passed March 13, 1836, the municipal officers 
provided by the act, to be elected on the second Tuesday of the 
ensuing June, by the "white male inhabitants "who have resided 
w^ithin the aforesaid limits of said town for the space of six months 
next preceding said election," being "one Mayor, one Recorder and 
five Trustees -who together shall constitute a Tow^n Council," etc.; 
subsequent elections to be held on the first Tuesday of June in 
each year, thus involving the necessity of holding three elections 
each year — township, municipal and state, "with an additional elec- 
tion for President every four years. 

On the adoption of the new State Constitution of 1851, the legal 
title of Akron, by virtue of its provisions, became "The Incorpo- 
rated Village of Akron," which title was retained until its advance- 
ment to a city of the second-class in January, 1865, as heretofore 

The initial election of town officers was full}' described in the 
second chapter of this work and need not be repeated here, the 
entire roster of to"wn, village, city and to'wnship officers, during the 
intervening 55 years, being as follows: 

Town and Village Trustees. — For 1836, Erastus Torrey, 
Jedediah D. Commins, William B. Mitchell, William E. Wright, 
Noah M. Green; Mr. Mitchell declining to serve, Col. Justus Gale 
was appointed by Council to fill the vacancj'. In 1837, William K. 
May, William T. Mather, Dana D. Evans, Jesse Allen, Eber 
Blodgett; Mr. May removing from town in September 1837, Wil- 
liam Patterson was appointed in his place. In 1838, Jesse Allen, 
Ebenezer Martin, Justus Gale, James W. Phillips, Ansel Miller; 
1839, Samuel Manning, Seth Iredell, James W. Phillips, Lewis P. 
Buckley, Ebenezer Martin; Mr. Martin declining to serve, Ansel 
Miller was appointed in his place and Mr. Phillips resigning in July, 
Mr. Ithiel Mills was appointed to fill the vacancy. 1840, Seth Ire- 
dell, Samuel Manning, Ithiel Mills, Samuel A. Wheeler, William E.. 



Judge George Clarke, was born 
in Lewisburo-, Pa., March 19, 1796; 
came with parents to Stark Count}', 
in 1810, and to Spring-field in 181i ; 
common school education, receiving- 
additional instruction from father 
in mathematics and surveying-; 
raised a farmer, early manhood 
divided between farming- and teach- 
ing-, in 1833reinoviiig- to Middleburj' ; 
in ISiS, was elected Slieriff of Summit 
county, and re-elected in 1850, ably 
filling that responsible position four 
jears, meantime moving to Akron ; 
was elected justice of the peace for 
Portage township, in 1857, and re- 
elected in 1861, '64 and '67, faithfully 
seving twelve years. Apiril 9, 1818, 
he was married to Miss Sarah De 
Haven, of Springfield, who bore him 
live daughters and one son — Martha, 
born January 28, 1819, married to Mr. 
James Irvin, November 2, 184:2, who 
died September i, 1863, Mrs. Irvin 
still surviving; Nancy Cynthia, 
born March 25, 1821, married to Perry 
C. Caruthers, of Tallmadge, October 
"22, 1810, both now living ; Sarah Lois, 
born Jul}- 2, 1823, married to Dudley 
Seward, whose portrait and bio- 
g-raphy appear elsewhere; Maria 
Jane, born January 7, 1826, married 
to N. D. Furri-, November 12, 1815, 


NELSON B. STONE,— son of Milo 
and Sarah (Beardslej^) Stone, 
was born September 18, 1816, in Ma- 
honing County, Ohio, the family a 
year later settling in Tallmadge ; 
educated in district schools and at 
Tallmadge Academy; after several 
years spent in West Bloomfield, N. 
Y., Ravenna and Chardon, O., and 
Wheeling, W. Va., as clerk and book- 
keeper, in December, 1840, Mr. Stone 


died December, 1865; Mary H., born 
August 13, 1830, married to Nelson B. 
Stone, May 19, 1852, died April 6, 1853 ; 
William Milton, born March 7, 1834, 
died January 22, 1878. Mr. Clarke 
died August 9, 1876, and Mrs. Clarke 
April 12, 1881. 

came to Akron, clerking in store for 
a few months, when he accepted the 
position of deputy, under county 
clerk, Lucian Swift, serving- under 
Clerk Swift and Clerk Lucius S. Peck, 
until October, 1851, when he was 
elected Clerk (the first under the new 
constitution, clerks theretofore hav- 
ing been appointed by the court), 
which position he held three years. 
Then, though still residing- in Akron, 
he was for a time deputy clerk of 
Cuj'ahoga Countj' ; then after a short 
engageinent with Aviltman, Miller & 
Co., in 1865, became the secretary and 
treasurer of the Weary, Snyder & 
Wilcox Manufacturing Co., which 
position he held 18 years, having 
since retired from active business. 
Mr. S. has been an efficient and 
official member of the First M. E. 
church, and a zealous worker, teacher, 
secretarj-, etc., in the Sunda}^ school, 
since its org-anization. May 19, 18152, 
Mr. Stone was married to Miss Mary 
H. Clarke, of Akron, who died April 
6,1853, leaving one son— 'Nelson C, 
now cashier in City National Bank 
of Akron. August te, 1854, Mr. Stone 
was ag-ain married, to Miss Elizabeth 
H. Beardslej', of Akron, who has 
borne him two children — Philip C, 
who died March 24, 1872, and Dwight 
M., living at home. 



pHILIP P. BOCK— born in Mich- 
A enbach, Hessian Hamburg-jPrus- 
sia, February 10, 1830; at ten years of 
age came with parents to America, 
settling- in Akron; educated at Akron 
High School ; clerked for various 
firms in Akron several 3^ears ; was 
employed bj^ County Commissioners 
to compile complete index of county 
records ; in 1858, was elected County 
Recorder, and re-elected in 1861, ablj'* 
filling that important position six 
years, and, being a firm advocate of 
the doctrine of " rotation in office," 
declining an assured nomination 
for a third term. On retiring from 
oiHce, for a short time was in the lum- 
ber trade, after which he embarked in 
the insurance business, later estab- 
lishing a real estate and loan agencj^ 
which has been phenomenally suc- 
cessful, being the pioneer in that 
line of business in the city. Mr. 
Bock is emphatically self-made, an- 
earnest Republican, a stanch tem- 
perance man and a good citizen. He 
was married July 31, 1860, to Miss 
Ellen Shultes, of Buffalo, N. Y. Five 
children have been born to them — 


three daughters, Ada, Mae C, and 
Annie, and two sons, Philip Paul, Jr., 
who died young, and Charles S., a 
bright, promising young man, who 
died suddenly, September 28, 1888, at 
the age of 25 j^ears, 1 month and 11 

Wright; 1841, Seth Iredell, Webster B. Storer, Jacob Allen, Ansel 
Miller, Leverett J. Ives; 1842, Ansel Miller, Seth Iredell, David 
Allen, George T. Ray, Horace May; Mr. Allen dying in January^ 

1843, James Mathews was appointed to fill the vacancy; 1843, Seth 
Iredell James Mathews, George T. Ray, Horace May, Ansel Miller - 

1844, .William M. Dodge, Robert K. DuBois, Nahum Fay, Jesse 
Allen, Samuel A. Wheeler; Mr. Jesse Allen, resigning in September, 
his brother, Mr. Jacob Allen, was appointed to the vacancy. 1845, 
Robert K. DuBois, Justus Gale, Lucius V. Bierce, William M, 
Dodge, John H. Crawford; Col. Gale declining to serve, Samuel A. 
Wheeler was appointed for the term, and Judge DuBois dying" 
in November, Horace Canfield was appointed for remainder of 
term; 1846, Horace Canfield, Samuel A. Wheeler, Allen Hibbard, 
Nicholas Emmons Vansickle, Lucius V. Bierce; 1847, Allen Hib- 
bard, Lucian Swift, Samuel A. Wheeler, Joseph A.. Beebe, Ansel 
Miller; 1848, Ansel Miller, Nathaniel Finch, Benjamin McNaugh- 
ton, John M. Cutler, George W. Bloom; 1849, Nathaniel Finch, 
Ansel Miller, Charles Webster, George W. Bloom, Milton W. Henry; 
Mr. Finch resigning in October, John M. Cutler was appointed to 
the vacancy; 1850, Thomas H. Goodwin, John Howe, Hiram Viele, 
Robert Jackson, Lemuel C. Parker; Mr. Howe removing from the 
to^vn in October, William M. Dodge -was appointed in his place; 
1851, James M. Hale, Benjamin McNaughton, William O. Sanford, 
Milton W. Henry, David T. Bruner; 1852, James M. Hale, William 
O. Sanford, Ralph P. Myers, Peter Osborn, Ansel Miller; 1853, 
William T. Allen, Richard S. Elkins, David A. Scott, George 
Thomas, Daniel H. Wheeler; Mr. Elkins having been appointed 
Recorder, in January, 1854, in place of Recorder Horace Canfield, 
deceased as elsewhere stated, Samuel A. Lane was appointed to serve 
the balance of Mr. Elkins's term as trustee; 1854, James B. Taplin, 
Thomas H. Goodwin, Richard Howe, David Hanscom, James M, 

Akron's civil service record. 


Hale; 1855, Richard Howe, Ansel Miller, James B. Taplin, Cornelius 
Johnston, David A. Scott; Mr. Taplin resigning April 18, Kichard 
S. Elkins was appointed to fill the vacancy; 1856, Henry Purdy, 
David A. Scott, Thomas H. Goodwin, Henry S. Abbey, Joseph 
Milligan; 1857, George Thomas, Henry Fisher, Jr., Henry S. Abbey, 
Henry Purdy, Charles Cranz; 1858, Charles Cranz, Richard B. 
Walker, John Cook, Joseph Milligan, Job Pierce; 1859, William L. 
Everett, Job Pierce, Richard B. Walker, Thomas H. Goodwin, 
Joseph Milligan; Mr. Pierce resigning in October, George W. 
McNeil was appointed in his place; 1860, Richard Howe, Ferdinand 
Schumacher, Robert L. Moffatt, James Christy, William S. Painton, 
1861, Robert L. Moffatt, Ferdinand Schumacher, George Buel, John 
Douglas, Henry Fisher; 1862, Charles Webster, John E. Bell, John 
Douglas, Isaac Harter, George Buel; 1863, Arad Kent, John E. Bell, 
John H. Waggoner; 1864, Allen Hibbard, Stephen H. Pitkin, William 
H. Lapeus, Charles W. Bonstedt James Christy. 

Towx AXD Village Mayors. — The mayors of the incorporatd 
to^wn and village of Akron, like its trustees, were elected ior the 
term of one year only, and were successively as follows: 1836, Seth 
Iredell, (father of Charles and Robert S. Iredell, now both residents 
of Akron); 1837, '38, John Curtis Singletarj-, (now living in Streets- 
boro. Portage county); 1839, '41, '44, '49, Lucius Verus Bierce; 1840, 
Arad Kent; 1842, '43, Harvey H.Johnson; 1845, '46, '47, Philo Cham- 
berlin; 1848, Israel E. Carter; 1850, George BHss; 1851, Charles G. 
Ladd, (father of the present Mrs. A. C. Voris); 1852, Frederick 
Wadsworth; 1853, Philip N. Schuyler; 1854, Willinm T. Allen, 1855, 

Center County, Pa., Februarj' 
11,1813; when a 5'ear old came with 
parents to Ohio, settling in Green 
Township ; common school educa- 
tion ; worked on father's farm till 18, 
when he entered store of Hart, 
DuBois & Co., in Middlebury as 
clerk ; about 1838 commenced busi- 
ness for hiinself in partnership with 
Mr. James Irvin, continuing till 184.i ; 
then engaged in real estate 
ness, loaning money, etc. ; 1864^66 
member of banking firm of T). P. 
Eberman & Co.; 1866-72, member of 
building- and lumber firm of W. B. 
Doyle & Co. Mr. Johnston was an 
active Republican ; elected Repre- 
sentative to State Legislature in 1861, 
and re-elected in 1863, ablj- filling the 
Speaker's chair in adjourned se.ssion 
of 1865; a warin friend of Horace 
Greeley, supported him for Presi- 
dent in 1872, but soon became dis- 
gusted with that moveinent and 
returned to Republican ranks, as 
chairman of Republican Central 
Committer; for several j'ears justice 
of the peace for Middlebury town- 
ship ; and for 28 consecutive years, 
save one, a member of Middlebury 
school board. February 4, 1840, Mr. 
Johnston was married to Miss 
Elizabeth R. Newton, of Middlebury, 
who still survives, Mr. Johnston 


dying suddenly, of apoplexj-, Jan- 
uary- 26, 1879. Of the ten children 
born to them, eight are now living" — 
Frances P. (now Mrs. Edward Buck- 
ingham, of Akron) ; Charles N.; Park 
B., (Deputy Auditor of Sum n: it Co.) ; 
Clara, (Mns. E. T. Hall, of TitUMville, 
Pa.) ; William E., of Akron ; John Jr., 
(lawyer in Chicago); Lizzie J., (now 
Mrs. Robert Watt, of Akron) ; and 
Samuel Newton, of Akron. 



li.sli descent, was born in Green- 
wich, >lass., September i, 1815; com- 
mon school education ; at 18 went to 
Boston, working- in foundry some 
two years ; then visited the South, 
where personal observation, gave 
him his subsequent well-known deep 
aversion to human slavery; in the 
Spring- of 1836 joined an older brother 
in Aurora, Portage Countj^ soon 
afterwards entering upon the study 
of medicine in the office of Drs. Noble 
& Town, in Hudson, graduating froin 
Western Reserve Medical College in 
1839, locating and coinmencing prac- 
tice in Mog-adore the same year; in 
1850 made the tedious and perilous 
overland journey to California, 
remaining there two years ; repre- 
sented Summit County in the State 
Legislature during the sessions of 
1855, '56 and 1856, '57, exerting a marked 
influence in that body on the subject 
of human rights, temperance and 
iMorality. In 1858 Dr. Jewett removed 
to Middlebury, where he spent the 
remainder of his life in the successful 
practice of his profession; in practical 
scientific pursuits, of which he -was 
devotedly fond ; in improved horti- 
cultural operations and in the pro- 
motion of the cause of education and 
the general welfare. June 14, 1839, 
Dr. Jewett was married to Miss 


J of John and Mary (Scott) Alex- 
ander, born in Bath, August 1, 1834; 
edtxcated in district schools, Rich- 
field Academy and Marlboro Normal 
School, in latter taking- a course in 
civil engineering under Prof. Hol- 
brook ; was principal of Akron Gram- 


Cordelia H. Kent, of Aurora, who 
bore him 10 children, 4 dying in 
infancy : Noble Mendal, now in 
Akron ; Florence Emily, now wife of 
Dr. Fred. W. Inman, Whitehaven, 
Florida ; Eva L., now Mrs. John 
DeHaven, of Akron ; Ford E., now of 
Canon City, Colorado; Mary B., pro- 
fessor in Buchtel College ; Lillie 
May, now Mrs. Charles T. Inman, of 

mar School from April, 1855, to July, 
1857 ; in 1866 purchased site of present 
fire brick -works and engaged in the 
manufacture of stoneware; also con- 
tracting for product of 12 or 15 other 
potteries, with -warehouses in Akron, 
Detroit and Chicago; in 1867 estab- 
lished his present extensive fire 
brick works, on Canal street ; from 
1872 for five years proprietor of two 
oil refineries, till 1891 dealing exten- 
sively in illuminating and lubri- 
cating oils ; was secretary of Suminit 
County Agricultural Society five 
j'ears, from 1858, and its president 
seven years thereafter; treasurer 
State Board of Agriculture in 1872 ; 
member of Akron Cit5' Council 15 
5'ears between 1865 and 1888, and 
eight years its president ; representa- 
tive to State Legislature 1882, '83; 
State Senator for Summit, Portage, 
Geauga, Lake and Ashtabula coun- 
ties 1888-92. September 4, 1860, Mr. 
Alexander was married to Miss 
Martha D. Wright, of Tallmadge, 
who has borne him eight children — 
Clara W. (married to Prof. Charles 
B. Wright, of Middlebury, Vt, Col- 
lege); Helen B. (now Mrs. Henrj^ B. 
Sperry, of Huntingdon, Pa.,); George 
Bates (deceased), Grace F., Mattie D., 
Bessie H., John Park, Jr., and Alice B. 



\56, Nathaniel Finch; 1857, '58, Frederick A. Nash; 1859, George W 
McNeil; 1860, '61, Henry Purdy; 1862, '63, Charles A. Collins; 1864, 
GeorgQ D. Bates. 

Town and Village Recorders.— Recorders elected by the peo- 
ple each year: 1836, Constant Bryan; 1837, '38, William E. Wright; 
1839, '40, '41, Robert K. DuBois; 1842, '43, '47,Nahum Fay; 1844, '45, 
'46, William Harrison Dewey; 1848, '49, '50, '51, Edward W. Perrin; 
1852, '53, Horace Canfield; Mr. Canfield dying in December, 1853, 
Richard S. Elkins was appointed by Council for balance of term, 
and elected for 1854; followed in 1855, '56 by Joseph E. Wesener; 
1857, '58 by Ralph P. Waterbury; 18.59, Allen Hibbard; 1860, 62, '63 
Alvin Rice; 1861, James Holmes; 1864, Henry Ward Ingersoll. 

DR. ISRAEL E. CARTER,— born in 
Concord, N. H., April 8, 1810; 
graduated from Vermont Medical 
■College, at Woodstock, in June, 1835; 
by reason of impaired health, ex- 
changed practice of medicine for 
dentistry, opening an office in 
Ravenna, Ohio, in 1836, where he suc- 
•cessfully practiced until 1843, when 
he removed to Akron, and was for 
many years the leading- dentist of 
the town and county. In 1862, Dr. 
Carter was elected to the office of 
County Treasurer, and re-elected in 
186i, ably filling the office two full 
terms of tw^o years each, having 
previously held the office of Mayor 
of the incorporated village of Akron 
during- the years 1848, '49, and mem- 
ber of School Board two terms. Dr. 
Carter was married to Miss Mary 
L. Williamson, of Ravenna, July 4, 
1840, who bore him four children — 
Frances L., wife of Capt. T. D. McGil- 
licuddy, of Akron; William H., book- 
keeper for J. F. Seiberling Company; 
Mary Alice died in her fourth year, 
in 1853, and Charles E., jeweler, late 
of Doylestown, Waj'ne Co., Ohio, now 
living in Akron. Mrs. Carter dj'ing 
June 19, 1862, in her 43d year. Dr. Car- 
ter w^as again married, to Mrs. 


Eunice R. Sherman, in 1863. Dr. Car- 
ter was a charter member of Summit 
Lodge, I. O. O. F., organized in 1845, 
active and prominent in its councils, 
and Deputy Grand Master one term. 
Dr. Carter died July 27, 1885, aged 75 
years, 3 months and 19 days. 

Town and Village Marshals. — This officer was, under the old 
constitution, an appointee of the Council, for one year, successive 
incumbents, under that arrangement, being as follows: 1836, 
Ithiel Mills; 1837, Moses Cleveland; 1838, '39, Alfred R. Townsend; 
1840, '41, Caleb G. Gillett; 1842, Alfred R. Townsend; 1843, Caleb G. 
Gillett; 1844, '45, Charles G. Ladd; 1846, '47, Cyrus S. Van Orman; 
1848, '49, Merrick Burton; 18.50, Jeremiah Crissman; 1851, Jacob 
Rice. Mr. Rice resigning March 14, 1852, David Croy was 
appointed to fill the vacancy. 1852, '53, '54 (elected by the people) 
Josiah J. Wright, Hiram S. Falor, assistant; 18.55, Josiah J. Wright; 
1856, George W. Marriner; 1857, Josiah J. Wright, William Fisher, 
assistant; 1858, Josiah J. Wright, Philip A. Bierwirth, assistant; 
ia.59, Josiah J. Wright, George W. Smetts, assistant; 1860, Josiah J. 
Wright, Dudley Seward, assistant; 1861, Joseph Milligan, William 



Waij-d, assistant; 1862, George W. Marriner, William Ward, assist- 
ant; 1863, Josiah J. Wright, David A. Scott, assistant; 1864, David 
A. Scott, William Ward, assistant. , 

■pDWARD OVIATT— born in Hud- 
-L- son, May 19, 1822, the family 
later removing' to Richfield; raised 
on farm; educated at Richfield 
Academy, Granville Institute and 
Western Reserve College; in May, 
1842, came to Akron and entered the 
office of the late Chief Justice David 
K. Cartter, of Washington, D. C, then 
practicing law in Akron; in Septem- 
ber, 1844, at Medina, admitted to prac- 
tice in State Courts, and in Novem- 
ber 1846, at Cleveland, to practice in 
United States Courts; practiced in 
partnership with Hon. S. W. McClure 
from 1865 to 1870, and from 1876 to 
1891 with his son-in-law, George G. 
Allen, Esq., under the firm name of 
Oviatt & Allen, the firm now, with 
Mr. Charles S. Cobbs added thereto, 
being Oviatt, Allen & Cobbs. Mr. 
Oviatt was a member of the Akron 
Board of Education for several years, 
City Attorney from 1853 to 1862, and 
Prosecuting- Attorney of Summit 
County from 1865 to 1869. In 1864, 
served 100 days at Arlington Heights, 
Va., as a member of the 164th Regi- 
ment, O. N. G., under Col. John C. 
Lee, being appointed Color Bearer of 
the regiment, on its organization in 
Cleveland. September 8, 1847, Mr. 
Oviatt was married to Miss Anna M. 
Wadsworth, of Akron, who died 
August 9, 1854, leaving one child, 


Emma, now wife of Calvin Edg-erton, 
a lawyer in Los Angeles, Cal. 
December 5, 1855, was :narried to 
Miss Frances A. Lansing, of Sara- 
toga county, N. Y., who died August 
13, 1881, leaving two children — OUvia 
F., wife of George G. Allen, Esq., and 
Edward Ailing, book-keeper in the 
City National Bank of Akron. 


son of George and Rachel 
(Hathaway) Ebright, born in Fairfield 

County, Ohio, September 26, 1844 ; 
common school education ; in Ma)-, 
1862, enlisted in 85th Regt., O. V. I.; dis- 
charged with regiment in July, 1865. 
In February, 1866, came to Akron, 
8tud5ang medicine with Drs. William 
Bowen and Thomas McEbright, 
graduating- at Charity Hospital Med- 
ical College in February, 1869. After- 
wards spent 13 months in German}', 
then settled down to the practice of 
his profession in Akron. An ardent 
Republican in politics. Dr. Ebright 
was elected to the State Legislature, 
in 1880, ably serving his constituents 
in that body two years. He is an 
active luember of the various med- 
ical associations of the County, State 
and Nation, has served four j-ears as 
health officer of the City of Akron, 
and was president of the decennial 
real estate board of eqvialization of 
the city for 1890. November 15, 1883, 
Dr. Ebright was married to Miss 
Julia A. Bissell of Sharon, Medina 
County, O. They have two children- 
Ruth Bissell, born September 24, 1884, 
and Mary Rachel, born June 21,1889. 



Town axd Village Treasurers.— Appointed yearly by Coun- 
cil: 1836, Samuel A. Wheeler; 1837, '38, Horace K. Smith: 1839, 
Russell Abbey; 1840, '41, '42, '43, '44, '45, Gibbons J. Ackley; 1846, '47, 
'48, '49, Grove N. Abbey; 1850, '51, '52, '53, '54, Milton W. Henry. 
Elected by the people: 1855, '56, '57, Milton W. Henry; 1858, John 
T. Good; 1859, '60, John H. Chamberlin; 1861, '62, '63, '64, Charles 
Cranz. Since advanced to second class city, in 1865, the County 
Treasurer has, under the law, been ex-officio City Treasurer. 

Towx AND Village Attorneys.— Previous to 1851 no regular 
corporation attorney was appointed by council, though L. V. 
Bierce, Constant Bryan and others were employed as occasion 
required, to look after the legal interests of the village. In 1851 
Roland O. Hammond was regularly designated, by Council, as 
Corporation Attorney, followed in 1852 and a part of 1853 by Wil- 
liam H. Upson, the balance of 1853 by Edward Oviatt; 1854, Philip 
N. Schuyler; 1855, '56, '57, '58, '59, '60, Edward Oviatt; 1861, Henry 
Ward Ingersoll; 1862, '63, Charles B. Bernard; 1864, Henry Ward 

— son of Henry and Mary 
(Blanker) Kohler, was born near Read- 
ing, Pa., August 15, 1835, when four 
months old removing with parents to 
Franklin township, this county; edu- 
cated in district schools, and Lodi 
Academy; in 1853, apprenticed him- 
self to Mr. D. G. Sanford, cabinet 
maker, in Akron, later reading law 
with X. \Y. Goodhue, Esq., and admit- 
ted to bar in 1859; Prosecuting Attor- 
ney two terms — 1868-72; law partner 
of Hon. Sidney Edgerton several 
years, later with Rolin W. Sadler, 
Esq., and now w^ith Harvej' Musser, 
Esq. Mr. Kohler represented Sum- 
mit County in the State Legislature, 
1880 to 1885, and served as Attornev 
General of Ohio, 1886 to 1888; was 
married May 16, 1860, to Miss Frances 
H.-Coburn, only child of the late Dr. 
Stephen H. Coburn, w^ho has borne 
him two sons — Hurlbut Stephen, born 
July 20, 1868, and George Coburn, 
born November 17, 1870, both grad- 
uates of Yale College. In connection 
with Gov. Russell A. Alger, o f 
Detroit, Mich., (a former Akron boy), 
Mr. Kohler in 1882 erected Arcade 
block, a five-story brick building, on 
Howard street, one of the largest and 
handsoinest business blocks in the 


city ; and besides his fine residence 
on East Market street, as the manager 
of the Coburn estate, has large land- 
ed interests in various portions of 
the city, being also one of the incor- 
porators, and president of the Peo- 
ples Savings Bank on South Main 


The incorporated village of Akron having been advanced to a 
city of the second class, January 21, 1865, in the manner heretofore 
described, the tenure of municipal office was changed from one 
to two years, though for several years, under a misapprehension 
of the law, some of the appointive offices were filled from j^ear to 



born at Alstead, Cheshire Co., 
N. H., Novembers, 1812; in 1815 moved 
-with parents to Worcester county, 
Mass., four years later to Western 
New York, and in 1828 to Medina 
couutj-, Ohio, meantime having- pur- 
sued an academical education -with 
the ministry in view; at 18 taug-ht 
school at Medina two years; then 
attended Allegheny College three 
jears, afterwards for a time receiving- 
private theological instruction from 
Rev. Lee, of Medina. In 1837, opened 
select school in Medina, at same 
time reading law with Messrs. Can- 
field & Camp; in 1838 organized Ash- 
land Academy, which he successfully 
taught about two years while con- 
tinuing- his law studies in the offices 
of Silas Robbins, Esq., and Hon. 
Charles S. Sherman, also part of the 
time editing- the Ashland Phoenix. 
In 1840, returned to Medina, and took 
editorial charge of the Constitution- 
alist, the Whig organ of that county, 
-which he conducted during the 
Harrison campaign with great spirit 
and abilitj'; soon afterwards formed 
a law partnership with James S. 
Carpenter, Esq., then of Medina, and 
Grant B. Turner, Esq., of Cuyahoga 
Falls; in January 1842, married Miss 
Matilda E. Deming, of Ashland, the 
next spring moving to Cuyahoga 
Palls; was elected Prosecuting 
Attorney in 1847, and in 1848 repre- 
sentative to the State Legislature, 
serving one term onlj^; 18o0 to 1864 

/ ■ 7 


was law partner of Hon Henry 
McKinney; in 1865 moved to Akron, 
as partner of Edward Oviatt, Esq.; in 
1871, elected Judge of Court of Com- 
mon Pleas, filling the office the full 
term of five years, and declining a 
re-election, thereafter enjoying an 
extensive practice until his death, 
June 8, 1883. Two children were 
born to Mr. and Mrs. McClure, Julia 
E., (afterwards Mrs. Henry G. Math- 
ews, now deceased), and Ida M., still 
residing with her mother. 

Members of the City Council. — For 1865: First Ward, Charles 
W. Bonstedt, George W. Crouse; Second, John E. Bell, Henry W. 
Howe; Third, Le-wis Miller, J. Park Alexander; 1866: First, George 
W. Crouse, John J: Wagoner; Second, Henry W. Ho-we, Joshua H. 
Collins; Third, Le-wris Miller, George Sechrist; 1867, First, John J. 
Wagoner, George W. Crouse; Second, Joshua H. Collins, William 
H. Payne; Third, George Sechrist, Jeremiah A. Long; 1868, First, 
George W. Croixse, John W. Hollo-way; Second, Joshua H. Collins, 
William H. Payne; Third, J. Park Alexander, Jeremiah A. Long; 
1869, First, Charles R. Ho-we, John W. Hollo-way; Second, Joshua 
H. Collins, William J. At-wood; Third, Clement J. Kolb, J. Park 
Alexander; 1870, First, William T. Allen, Charles R. Howe; Second, 
William P. Cassidy, William J. Atwood; Third, J. Park Alexander, 
Clement J. Kolb; 1871, First, David R. Paige, Jr., William T. Allen; 
Second, John Memmer, William P. Cassidy; Third, Elias W. How- 
ard, J. Park Alexander; Fourth, Robert McElhinny, George Burk- 
hardt; Fifth, Richard F. Palmer, Clement J. Kolb; 1872, First, 
William T. Allen, David R. Paige, Jr.; Second, Ohio C. Barber, 
John Memmer; Third, J. Park Alexander, Elias W. Howard; 
Fourth, Noah N. Leohuer, Robert McElhinney; Fifth, James A. 
Metlin, Richard F. Palmer; 1873, First, Milton W. Henrv, William 
T. Allen; Second, James Christy, Edwin H. Merrill; Third, Henry 
L. Carr, J. Park Alexander; Fourth, David Lamparter, Noah N. 



Leohner; Fifth; Austin J. Hamlin, James A. Metlin; Sixth, Joseph 
A.Baldwin, Thomas Johnson; 1874, First, Milton W. Henry, Wil- 
liam T. Allen; Second, James Christy, Edwin H. Merrill; Third,, 
Henrj' L. Carr, Elias W. Howard; Fourth, David Lamparter, 
Robert McElhinnej-; Fifth, Austin J. Hamlin, James A. Metlin,. 
[resigned December 4, 1874, and Emanuel P. Holloway appointed 
to fill vacancy]; Sixth, Joseph A. Baldwin, Enoch Rowley; 1875,. 
First, Milton W. Henry, William T. Allen; Second, Edwin H. 
Merrill, Alexander Brewster; Third, Elias W. Howard, William A. 
McClellan; Fourth, Robert McElhinney. Joseph H. Derhammer; 
Fifth, Emanuel P- Holloway, Simon Hankey; Sixth, Enoch Row- 
ley, David E. Hill; 1876, First, Milton W. Henry, William Buchtel;. 
Second, Alexander Brewster, John W. Baker; Third, William A. 
McClellan, John J. Cook; Fourth, Joseph H. Derhammer, John 
Schott; Fifth, Simon Hankey, Christian Vogt; Sixth, David E. 
Hill, Enoch Rowley; 1877, First, William Buchtel, Charles A. Col- 
lins; Second, John W. Baker, James Christy; Third, John J. Cook, 
J. Park Alexander; Fourth, John Schott, David W. Morgan; Fifth, 
Christian Vogt, Edward A. Lavirton; Sixth, Enoch Ro^ey, David 
E. Hill; 1878, First, Charles A. CoUins, Lucien G. Thorp; Second,. 
James Christy, Warren J. Underwood; Third, J. Park Alexander, 
Mason Chapman; Fourth, David W. Morgan, John Schott; Fifth, 
Edward A. Lawton, Christian Vogt; Sixth, David E. Hill,, 

born in Stow, March 14, 1839; 
educated in district schools. Twins- 
burg Institute, and Franklin Insti- 
tute at Kent, interspersed with teach- 
ing from 16 to 19; in 1858 entered law 
office of H. B. Foster, in Hudson, the 
next year completing his studies 
with Hon Sidnej' Edgerton in Akron.; 
admitted to the bar May 2, I860. In 
1861, became Principal of Kent 
Union Schools; married to Miss 
Dorena Rockwell, of Kent, Novem- 
ber 27, 1861. August, 1862, enlisted as 
private in 115th, O. V. I.; clerk in 
office of Judge Advocate at Cincin- 
nati till August 1863, when he was 
commissioned as First Lieut, of 5th 
U. S. Colored Regiment; promoted to 
Captain during the Siege of Rich- 
mond; wounded at New Market 
Heights, September 25, 1864, disabling 
him for two months; on return to 
duty was assigned as Adjutant on 
Gen. ShurtlifCs staff, goino- to Fort 
Fisher, thence to Raleigh, N. C, and 
being present at the surrender; at 
close of war was brevetted Major for 
gallant service and made Judge 
Advocate on staff of General Paine, 
serving as such till mustered out in 
October, 1865. Returning to Kent, 
opened law office, two years later 
removing to Akron. In 1869 Mr. M. 
was elected Probate Judge, serving 
six years; May 1, 1883, was appointed 
Common Pleas Judge by Governor 
Foster, in place of Judge Tibbals, 


resigned, serving till the following- 
October; in 1884 was elected Presi- 
dential Elector for the 20th Con- 
gressional District, casting his vote 
in the Electoral College for James 
G. Blaine. Mr. and Mrs. Marvin have 
four children— David Leslie, attorney 
in Akron; George Ulysses, city editor 
Canton Daily Repository; Charles 
Asaliel, local editor Canton Weekly 
Roller, and Francis Dorena, student 
in Akron High School. 



Preble, Herkimer Co., N. Y., 
April 5, 1814 ; common school educa- 
tion ; came to Akron in 1834, and 
engaged with his brother John, in 
the manufacture of cards for carding- 
wool, in carding- machine works of 
Aliens & McMillan, near the present 
site of the Allen Mills ; October 17, 
1839, was married to Miss Sarah Ann 
Taplin, sister of Mr. James B. Taplin, 
of Akron ; soon afterwards removing 
to Duquesne, 111., where he was 
engaged in the manufacture of card- 
ing machinery nine years, when he 
returned to Akron ; in 1855, was 
appointed Superintendent of Summit 
Country Infirmarj', which responsi- 
ble position he ably filled until 1861 
— six j'cars ; then purchased a farm 
in Wood County, where he remained 
until 1874, when he again returned 
to Akron, and entered the employ of 
Taplin, Rice & Co., as a stove 
mounter, which business he followed 
until seized with the illness which 
terminated his life, Septeinber 11, 
1883, at the age of 68 years, 5 months, 
and 6 days. Five children -were born 
to Mr. and Mrs. Chandler— Alathea, 
nowMrs.Eli Wilson, of Weston, Ohio ; 
Lucy A., also of Weston ; Fred. W., for 
several years past a inember of the 



police force of Akron ; Mattie B., and 
James D., the latter a member of the 
book and stationery firm of Chandler, 
Findley & Co.; in April, 1889, elected 
to the City Council from the Second 
ward, and re-elected in 1891. Mrs. 
Chandler still survives, and resides 
with her son, in Akron. 


J born in Rutland, Vt, June 22, 1822 ; 
in Spring- of 1840, came to Akron, his 
sister Sophronia, a teacher here, hav- 
ing a short time before married the 
late Gen. Lucius V. Bierce ; as Dep- 

uty U. S. Marshal aided in taking the 
census that year, with the means 
thus acquired completing- his edu- 
cation at Western Reserve College ; 
then studied law with his brother-in- 
law, with whom, on being admitted 
to the bar, in 1845, he entered into 
partnership, under the firm name of 
Bierce & Ladd. In 1850, he was 
elected Mayor of Akron, serving one 
3'ear. In the Fall of 1851, he was 
elected as Summit Couiity's first 
Probate Judge, but by reason of fail- 
ing health was unable to give his 
personal attention to the duties of 
the office, -w-hich -were performed by 
Alvin C. Voris, as deputj' clerk, until 
the death of Judge Ladd, from con- 
sumption, July 30, 1852. July 12, 1845, 
was married to Miss Hannah Ermina 
Williams, daughter of Barnabas 
Williams, one of the pioneer settlers 
of Portage township, and step- 
daughter of the late Major Miner 
Spicer, who died October 3, 1868, leav- 
ing- three children— Walter C, now 
of Weeping Water, Neb.; Lizzie, the 
present Mrs. Gen. A. C. Voris; and 
Emma E., widow of the late Albert J. 



ROBERT S. PAUL —son of Hosea 
and Ellen (Gamble) Paul, born 
at Cuyahoga Falls, O., October 3, 18i2 ; 
educated in Cuyahoga Falls union 
schools ; meantime teaching' in Stow 
and New Portage, and learning civil 
engineering with his father ; in 1862 
survej-ed narrow g-auge railway for 
Brewster Coal Co.; 1862-65, served on 
Topographical Engineer Corps in 
the Army of the Cumberland, at close 
of war attended Lebanon, O., College 
one year ; then followed profession in 
oil region a year and a half and in 
Cleveland two years ; then spent a 
year in, Pennsj'lvania Polytechnic 
College ; then came to Akron, and in 
June, 1870, was appointed to fill the 
vacancy, caused by the death of his 
father, as County Surveyor, to which 
office he was elected in October, of 
that year, by appointment and elec- 
tion holding that office over ten 
jears, Mr. Paul also having served 
as president of County Surveyors' 
Association and secretary and treas- 
urer of Ohio Institute of Mining 
Engineers, and as chief engineer of 
the Valley Railroad, and of Ohio & 
Toledo, now Cleveland & Canton R. 
K. July 25, 1872, Mr. Paul was 
married to Miss Sarah M. Roniig, a 
native of Indiana, who has borne 
him seven children — Ellen, Ada, 


Laura, Martha (deceased), Mary, 
Edward, and Rosa, (deceased). Mr. 
Paul is a member and P. G. of Akron 
Lodge No. 547, I. O. O. F.; member of 
Akron Encampment No. 18 I. O. O. 
F.; McPherson Lodge No. 63, K. of P. 
and present commander of Castle 
Garfield No. 14, Knights of the Golden 


HON. DAVID R. PAIGE,— born'at 
Madison, Lake County, April 4, 
1844 ; attended Madison high school 
till 15, preparatory school at Hudson, 
two years, then entered Sophomore 
class at Union College, Schenectady, 
N. Y., graduating therefrom in 1865 ; 

serving" two j'ears with William 
Bingham & Co., Cleveland, in 
December, 1867, embarked in the 
hardware business in Akron, being 
at present one of the stockholders of 
The Paige Brothers Co.; principal 
owner of Varnish Works (late King 
\'arnish Co.); vice president Paige 
Tube Co., at Warren ; member of the 
contracting firm of Paige, Carey & 
Company, with general office in New 
York, which firm is now building the 
Sodom dam and tunnel, 52 iniles in 
length, for supplying New York City 
with water ; also building double- 
track bridge over the Ohio river, at 
Wheeling, and three tunnels, at a cost 
of $1,2.50,000 ; was member of Akron 
cit}^ council 1871, '72 ; treasurer of 
Portage township 1873 ; treasurer of 
Summit Count}- two terms, 1874-78 ; 
and member of Congress, 20th Dis- 
trict, one term, 1882-84; married to 
Miss Ellen Lewis King, (daughter of 
David L. King, Esq.), January 19, 1870, 
who died December 20, 1877, leaving 
two sons— Charles Cutler Paige, born 
November 25, 1870, and David King- 
Paige, born May 20, 1872. December 
22, 1884, Mr. Paige was again married, 
to Miss Eva Bell Leek, of Cleveland. 



Enoch Rowley; 1879, First, Lucien G. Thorp, Ulysses L. Marvin,-. 
Second, Warren J. Underwood, Noah A. Carter; Third, Mason 
Chapman, J. Park Alexander; Fourth, John Schott, Edwin Estep; 
Fifth, Christian Vogt, Edward A. Lawton; Sixth, Enoch Rowley, 
Frederick W. Inman; 1880, First, Ulysses L. Marvin, Milton W. 
Henry; Second, Noah A. Carter, Henry H. Brown; Third, J. Park 
Alexander, Benjamin F. Goodrich; Fourth, Edwin Estep, John 
Schott; Fifth, Edward A. Lawton, Charles F. Ingersoll; Sixth,. 
Frederick W. Inman, Thomas H. Peckham; 1881, First, Milton W. 
Henry, David L. King, [Mr. King resigned September 27, 1881,, 
William T. Allen appointed to fill the vacancy October 17, 1881;] 
Second, Henry H. Brown, Noah A. Carter; Third, Benjamin F. 
Goodrich, J. Park Alexander; Fourth, John Schott, Philip Weber; 
Fifth, Charles F. Ingersoll, Edward A. Lawton; Sixth, Thomas H. 
Peckham, James Housel; 1882, First, William T. Allen, Milton W. 
Henry; Second, Noah A. Carter, Henry H. Brown; Third, J. Park 
Alexander, Lewis C. Parker; Fourth, Philip Weber, Andrew 
Kohler; Fifth, Edward A. La^wton, George L. W. Edam; Sixth. 
James Housel, John P. Richardson; 1883, First, Milton W. Henrj^, 
WiUiam T. Allen; Second, Henry H. Brown, William H. Miller; 
Third, Lewis C. Parker, Henry Young; Fourth, Andrew Kohler, 
James M. Laffer; Fifth, George L. W. Edam, John Schott; Sixth, 
John C. Richardson, James Housel; 1884, First, William T. Allen, 
Thomas H. Peckham; Second, William H. Miller, Henry H. 
Brovi^n; Third, Henry Young, Edw^ard C. Simpson; Fourth, James 
M. Laffer, Thomas S. Bradford; Fifth, John Schott, Charles D. 
Steese; Sixth, James Housel, John C. Richardson; 1885, First,. 

J born in New Preston, Litchfield 
County, Conn., May 9, 1840 ; when two 
3rears old removed with family to 
Erie County, Ohio ; raised on farm, 
attending- district school and Huron 
Institute at Milan, till 18 years of age, 
entering Western Reserve College in 
1858, from which he graduated in 
October, 1862, graduation of class 
having been postponed because of 
enlistinent of its members iii the ser- 
vice, as elsewhere detailed. After 
graduation Mr. S. engaged in teach- 
ing- four j'ears, two years as principal 
of Shaw Academy, at Collanier, Ohio, 
having meantime studied law ; was 
admitted to the bar in 1866, com- 
mencing practice in Kent, with Hon. 
S. P. Wolcott, continuing there until 
May, 1870, when he came to Akron, 
forming a partnership with C. P. 
Humphrey, Esq. In April, 1871, Mr. 
Stewart was elected City Solicitor, 
which office he held till January, 
1877; in October, 1876, was elected 
Prosecuting Attorney for Summit 
County, and re-elected in 1878, hold- 
ing the office four years, and in 1890 
was- elected Probate Judge of Sum- 
mit County, which responsible office 
he is now ably filling. May 11, 186i, 
he was married to Miss Harriet E. 


Whedon, of Hudson, daughter of 
Harvey Whedon, Prosecuting Attor- 
nes^ from 1850 to 1852. They have one 
son — Fred. H., also an attorney at law, 
but now serving as deputy clerk in 
office of Probate Judge, under his 



born in Portland, Me., Septem- 
ber 11, 1^*33 ; his father dyint;-, when 
nine years of age, he went to live 
with an elder brother in Manchester, 
N. H., where, besides attending- the 
common school and the Kendall 
Academy one year, he served as an 
apprentice in the Manchester Loco- 
motive Works ; at the ag'e of 18 he 
came to Ohio and engag'ed in rail- 
roading ; from fireman being rapidly 
promoted to engineer, running suc- 
cessivelj' on the Sandusky, Mansfield 
(t Newark and the Cleveland and 
Toledo Railroads, in 1855 going to 
Quincy, 111., and running upon what 
is now the Chicago, Burlington and 
Quincy Railroad ; six j'ears later tak- 
ing- a train at Augusta, 111., on which 
road, bj' a daring act, endangering 
his own life, in rtmning into and 
crippling- another train, which was 
neariug Crooked River crossing-, 
where the bridge had been washed 
away, he prevented a fearful sacrifice 
of human life. Procuring some law 
books Mr. S. improved his spare 
moments upon the foot-board, and 
elsewhere, in study, and after several 
years spent in Pennsylvania and 
Ohio, in railroading and other 
employment, located permanently in 
Akron, in 1870, as a successful lawjer. 
having ablj' filled the offices of Pro- 
secuting Attorney two years, 1873, '74; 


Citj- Solicitor two 3'ears, 1879, 'SO; 
Representative to State Legislature 
two terms, 1888, '89, '90, '91. Mr. San- 
ford was married to Miss Kmily J. 
Fairchild, of Amherst, Lorain 
County, January 19, 18.57, who bore 
him three children -William H., now 
practicing- law with his father ; 
Burton I., grocer, and Maj^ F. Mrs. 
Sanford died March 6, 1890, aged 52 

J Irish 


BURLISON,— of Scotch- 
Welsh descent, was born in 

Hamburg-, Erie Count}^ N. Y., April 
7, 1828, coming with his parents to 
Roscoe, Coshocton Countj^, Ohio, in 
1837, his father being a stone-mason, 
helping to build the locks on the 
Walhonding canal ; a few 3-ears later 
coining to Middlebury, (now Akron 
Sixth ward) officiating as constable 
and marshal of that township and 
village from about 1857 till his elec- 
tion as Sheriff of Summit county, in 
1865, and both before, and during- his 
four years incumbency as Sheriff, by 
appointment of LTnited States Mar- 
shal Earl Bill, of Cleveland, serving 
as Deputj' United States Marshal for 
Summit county; also giving especial 
attention to detective operations, a 
profession which he has since con- 
tinuouslj' and successfullj' followed, 
manj' noted criminals having been 
apprehended.convicted and punished 
through his skill and vigilance. 
August 22, 1848, Mr. Burlison was 
married to Matilda B. Manning of 
Middlebury. Having no children of 
their own, they adopted in childhood 
May C. Lohr, now known as May 




/^HARLES BAIRD,— born in Ak- 
^ ron, March 25, 1853; graduated 
from Akron High School in 1872; read 
law with Upson & Ford; admitted to 
practice b3- Supreme Court, at Colum- 
bus, November 2, 1875, forming part- 
nership with Hon. William H.Upson, 
on the return of Mr. Ford from 
Mexico, the firm name being- Upson, 
Ford & Baird ; by appointment and 
two successive elections, held the 
office of Clerk of Portage township 
from October, 1875, to April, 1878 ; was 
canal collector for the port of Akron 
from February 15, 1879, till January 
15, 1881, resigning to take the office of 
Prosecuting Attorney for Summit 
County, to which he had been elected 
in October, 1880; re-elected in 1882, 
holding the office four j^ears, and is 
now enjoying a large and lucrative 
law practice, giving special attention 
to Corporation Law; also being 
largely interested and a director in 
several important industrial enter- 
prises in Akron and elsewhere. 
February 10, 1882, Mr. Baird was mar- 
ried to Miss Lucy Allyn Voris, eldest 
daughter of Hon. Alvin C. Voris, 
who has borne him five children— 



Voris, born December 3, 1882 ; 
Elizabeth, born August 30, 
1884 ; Betsey Coe, born June 11, 1886 ; 
Charles, born October 15, 1888; and 
Katharine, born November 19, 1890. 


DAVID R. BUNN,— born in Wells 
Co., Ind., May 23, 1842 ; bo3'hood 
devoted to farming- and attending- 
school two miles distant ; at 19 came 
to Ohio, working at farming- and in 
coal mines, near Do5'lestown in 
Wayne Co.; August 20, 1862, enlisted 
in Company G, 120th Regt. O. V. I., 

participating- in trans-Mississippi and 
Vicksburg campaigns and Red River 
expedition ; captured at Snagg Point, 
Red River, and imprisoned thirteen 
months at Camp Ford, being at one 
time sentenced to be shot and taken 
out for that purpose, but for some 
reason, not made known to him, the 
sentence was not carried into execu- 
tion ; after such inhuinan treatinent 
as to render him an invalid for five 
\ears, he was paroled in 1865, and 
returned to Doylestown, resUming 
work for his old employer, as clerk, 
on farm, and in coal bank; w^as mar- 
ried October 11, 1866, to Miss Almira 
Springer, of Doylesto-wn, who has 
borne him three children — two sons 
and one daughter ; in 1866, embarked 
in the grocerj' business and after- 
wards in the dr}^ goods trade in 
Do3rlestown ; in 1875 removed to 
Akron, and opened a boot and shoe 
store on South Howard street, con- 
tinuing three years ; in 1878 was, by 
Mayor Scott, placed upon the city 
police force, and was one of the most 
efficient members of that body for 
six years; after four j-ears efificieut 
service as deputy, under Sheriff 
William B.Gamble.was elected Sheriff 
of Summit County in October, 1888, 
renoininated b}' acclamation and 
re-elected in 1890. 



Thomas H. Peckham, Wilson B. Cannon; Second, Henry H. 
Brown, Frank A. Wilcox; Third, Edward C. Simpson, Albert A. 
Bartlett; Fourth, Thomas S. Bradford, Jacob L. Hall; 
Fifth, Charles D. Steese, Samuel K. Zwisler; Sixth, James H. 
Case, John C. Richardson, [Mr. Richardson dying October 
25, 1885, Byron M. Allison was appointed to fill the vacancy 
November 16, 1885]; 1886, First, Wilson B. Cannon, Robert 
L. Andrew; Second, Frank A. Wilcox, Henry H. Brown; Third, 
Albert A. Bartlett, Darius Rowe; Fourth, Jacob L. Hall, Wil- 
liam H. McBarnes; Fifth, Samuel K. Zwisler, James W. Stuver; 
Sixth, James H. Case, James M. Wills; 1887, First, Robert L. 
Andrew, Wilson B. Cannon; Second, Henry H. Brown, Henry M. 
Fisher; [Mr. Brown resigned October 24, 1887, and Erastus R. 
Harper was elected to fill the vacancy till 1888] ; Third, Darius 
Rowe, J. Park Alexander; Fourth, William H. McBarnes, Conrad 
Eckel; Fifth, James W. Stuver, A. Wesley Hawkins; Sixth, James 
M. Wills, James H. Case; 1888, First, Wilson B. Cannon, Robert L. 
Andrew; Second, Henry M. Fisher, Erastus R. Harper; Third, J. 
Park Alexander, William Hardy; Fourth, Conrad Eckel, William 
H. McBarnes; Fifth, A. Wesley Hawkins, James W. Stuver; Sixth, 
James H. Case, James M. Wills; 1889, First, Robert L. Andrew, 
John Motz; Second, Erastus R. Harper,James D. Chandler; Third, 
William Hardy, John Kreuder; Fourth, Conrad Eckel, William 
McBarnes; Fifth, James W. Stuver, Cornelius Hallinan; Sixth, 
James M. Wills, Henry W. Hart; 1890, First, Aaron Wagoner, John 
Motz; Second, James D. Chandler, Erastus R.Harper; Third, John 
Kreuder, Curtis C. Sherbondy; Fourth, Conrad Eckel, William F. 

eUMNER XASH,— born in Bath 
»J Xaj- 10, 1836 ; raised on farm ; 
common school and academic edu- 
cation ; at 20 went to Wisconsin, 
working- at clearing way through for- 
-est for railroad, driving stage, clerk- 
ing, etc.; in 1858 returned to Ohio, 
farming Summers and teaching 
Winters ; August 6, 1862, enlisted in 
115th O. V. I., being successively pro- 
moted to rank of First Lieutenant ; 
in 1863 commanded military forces at 
Dayton during the election ; in 186-t 
was detailed as Assistant Inspector 
•of railroad defences under Major 
Willet, which position he held till 
close of the war. Returning hoine in 
July, 1865, purchased a farm in Liv- 
ingston Co., 111.; March 8, 1866, mar- 
ried to Miss Rebecca M. Means, of 
Northfield, working the Illinois farm 
till 1868, when he returned to Suinmit 
Co., Mrs. Nash dying July 18, 1869, 
leaving one child — Maud M. Spend- 
ing two years on his father-in-law's 
farm in Northfield, and one season in 
Illinois, as agent for a lightning rod 
company, in the Winter of 1872, '73 
was appointed Deputy County Clerk 
b}' Clerk John A. Means, serving the 
balance of the term, and also through 
two terms for Clerk George W. Weeks, 
being: himself elected Clerk in 1878, 


and holding the office two full terms 
of three j-ears each. Mr. Nash is now 
secretarj- and treasurer of the Akron 
Belting Company, fuUj^ written of 
elsewhere. June 23, 1874, Mr. Nash 
was again married, to Miss Linnie A. 
Cross, of Columbus, Ohio. 



) born near Holniesville, Holmes 
County, Ohio, March 27, 1842 ; worked 
on farm and attended district school 
during- boj'hood ; from 18 to 21 
worked on farin summers and taught 
school winters ; attended private 
school of Prof. B. C. Smith, in Fred- 
ericksburg, several terras, and one 
year — 1864, '65 — Hayesville Academj^ ; 
in 1865 entered Princeton, N. J., Col- 
lege, graduating- therefrom in June, 
1868, the saine year that Dr. McCosh 
became its president; in 1868 entered 
CoUiinbia College Law School, in 
New York, being admitted to bar in 
New York City, on examination, Ma^^ 
12, 1869, and graduating from Law 
School in May, 1870 ; came to Akron 
August 1, 1870, and through the kind 
encouragement of John J. Hall, Esq., 
was induced to locate here, being 
admitted to the bar of Summit 
county, on examination, September 
9, 1870; October 1, 1870, formed law 
partnership with Mr. Hall, which 
continued till January 1, 1877 ; in 
October, 1874, was elected Prosecuting 
Attorney for Summit county on the 
Democratic ticket, which office he 
ably filled two years, from Januarj' 1, 
1875, to January 1, 1877, having since 


been in general practice on his own 
account. September 28, 1875, Mr. 
Poulson was married to Miss Helen 
F. Smagg-, only daughter of Mr. and 
Mrs. William Smagg, of Akron. They 
have no children. 

removed with parents to Akron in- 
Spring" of 1842 ; was educated in 
Akron public schools ; at 16 began 
clerking- in stone mill, of which his 
father was general manager, con- 
tinuing- nine years ; then became 
agent for the Merchants' Union 
Express Company, a year later enter- 
ing the emploj^ of the C, Z. & C, now 
C, A. & C. railwa3', serving- two or 
three years as ticket ag-ent ; then 
engaged in the flour and feed busi- 
ness in partnership with his father. 
In Februarj', 1872, was appointed 
County Recorder, by the County 
Commissioners, to fill the vacancj' 
caused bj' the death of Recorder 
Grenville Thorp, serving- till the 
following October; then served as 
deputj' in Treasurer's office till 1878, 
when he was elected Count5' Treas- 
urer and re-elected in 1880, holding 
the office four 5-ears; teller in Citi- 
zens' Savings and Loan Association 
to July, 1887 ; assistant treasurer to- 
Jul}', 1888, and since, treasurer of the 
association. October 16, 1873, Mr. 
Viele was mai-ried, at Flatbush,Long 

HENRY C. VIELE,— son of Hiram Island, to Miss Libbie F. Mack, a 
and Abbie M. (McFarland) native of New York. They have one 
Viele, was born in Washington child only — Fann}"- Mack, born June- 
County, N. Y., October 29, 1841; 2,1876. 




A LBERT A. BARTI.ETT ,— born in 
^ Mimi, Chautauqua County, N. Y., 
Jiuie 22, ISiO; common school educa- 
tion ; raised on farm till 17, then 
worked in saw-mill, the last two 
3-ears on shares, until July, 1861, 
when he enlisted in the 49th X. Y. V. 
I., fpr three yeai'S or durinji" the war ; 
served in Armj' of Potomac until 
the battle of Antietam, when he was 
wounded, occasioning- the loss of left 
arm. On being' discharged, April 6, 
1863, took charg-e of a small place 
Avhich he owned, two 5'ears later 
engaged as engineer in a steam saw 
mill at Corry, Pa., after one j^ear tak- 
ing charge of the business ; came to 
Akron in Spring" of 1867, taking" a 
position in planing mill of George 
Thomas & Son, which, under suc- 
•cessive firms, he held until 1879, the 
last eight years as foreman. In 
October, 1878, Mr. Bartlett was elected, 
on the Republican ticket, Recorder 
of Summit Coun"t5^ ably filling that 
important office two full terms ; was 
iilso Third ward member of Citj' 
Council in 1885, '86, serving as chair- 
man of light and of fire and water 
■committees. As senior partner of 
the firm of A. A. Bartlett & Co., Mr. 
B. i.s now conducting a planing" mill 
on West State street. Mr. B. is active 
and enthusiastic in local military 



affairs, now holding the position of 
Adjutant of the Eighth Regiment O. 
N. G.; was married November 29, 1860, 
to Miss Imogene Jane Travers, of 
Chautauqua Count}', N. Y.; of the 
three children born to them, two only 
are living — Mary, now Mrs. George J. 
Snook, photographer, and Jennie, 
now Mrs. Dr. W. B. Conner, of Akron. 


pHARLES E. PERKINS, — sixth 
^ son of Col. Simon Perkins, was 
born at Akron, May 7, 1850 ; edu- 
cated in public schools and in pre- 
paratory department of Western 
Reserve College at Hudson ; in 1868 
entered Troy, N. Y., Polytechnic Insti- 
tute, taking a three years' course in 
civil and mining engineering, and 
one j^ear in school of mines in Col- 
umbia {Ne"W York City) College; in 
187B, was elected cit}' engineer of 
Akron, for two years, and on change 
of ordinance, appointed bj' Maj'or 
and confirmed by Council, for the 
three successive j^ears— 1875, '76, '77, 
holding the position in all five j^ears. 
In 1878, opened an agricultural ware- 
house on Canal street. In October, 
188:-!, Mr. Perkins was elected County 
Surveyor, re-elected in 1886, and 
again for the third term in 1889, and 
is still ablj' filling" the position. 
January 14, 1880, Mr. Perkins was 
married to Miss M a 3' Adams, 
daughter of Mr. Frank Adams, of 
Akron, Sixth ward. 



Gayer; Fifth, Cornelius Hallinan, Warren Buckmaster; Sixths 
Henry W. Hart, Charles S. Hart; 1891, First, Aaron Wagoner, 
Harvey F. Miller; Second, James D. Chandler, Erastus R. Harper;. 
Third, Curtis C. Sherbondy, Frank Fiebeger; Fourth, Conrad Eckel, 
William F. Gayer; Fifth, Warren Buckmaster, John W. Dunn;. 
Sixth, Henry W. Hart, Charles S. Hart. 

City Mayors. — Official term two years: 1865, '66, James 
Mathews; 1867, '68, Lucius V. Bierce; 1869, '70 and 1871, '72, John 
L. Robertson; 1873, '74, Henry Purdy; 1875, '76, Levi S. Herrold; 
1877, '78, James F. Scott; 1879, '80, John M. Fraze; 1881, '82, Samuel 
A. Lane; 1883, '84 and 1885, '86, Lorenzo Dow Watters; 1887, '88,. 
Louis D. Seward; 1889, '90, '91, '92, William H. Miller. 

City Clerks. — This officer is an appointee of Council, at first, 
for one year only, but now for the term of two years: 1865, '66^ 
Jeremiah A. Long; 1867, '68, '69, '70, '71, '72 and '76, Mills B. Purdy; 
1873, '74, '75, John A. Means; 1877, '78, Adarns Emerson; 1879, '80,. 
'81, '82, Newton Ford; 1883, John M. Fraze; 1884, '85, '86, '87, '88, 
'89, Newton Ford; 1891, '92, Edwin Wagner. 

City Marshals. — Elected by the people — term at first one year,, 
now two years; 1865, Williams P. Babcock; 1866, George W.Fair- 
banks; 1867, John Chitty, Jr.; 1868, James K. Butler; 1869, '70, '71, 
'72, Hart A. Parker; 1873, '74, '75, '76, Socrates W. Pike; 1877, Jacob^ 
Koplin; Mr. Kopliu resigning at end of first year, William H. Ragg 
was elected in 1878 to fill vacancy, and on expiration of term 
re-elected for the two successive terms covering 1879, '80, '81, '82; 
followed by John McCourt two terms, 1883, '84, '85, '86; by Simon 
M. Stone in 1887, '88, '89, '90, and Hughlin Harrison, 1891, '92. 

pHARLES \V. F. DICK,— .sou of 
^ Gottleib and Mary M. (Handle) 
Dick, was born in Akron, Ohio, 
November 3, 1858; educated in Akron 
Public, schools; clerked in hat store 
of Chipman & Barnes two j'ears; 
book-keeper for Citizens' Saving's 
and Loan Association Bank six 
years; book-keeper for Empire 
Reaper and Mower Company two 
years; in 1881 formed partnership 
with Lucius C. Miles, under the firm 
name of Dick & Miles, in a general 
cominission and gxain business, J. 
Edward Peterson succeeding' Mr. 
Miles in February, 1890, the firm 
name now being- Dick & Peterson. 
In November, 1886, Mr. Dick was 
elected Auditor of Summit count} 
on the Republican ticket, and 
re-elected in 1889, which responsible 
position he is noAv abl}' filling-. 
Being active in local militarj^ circles, 
Mr. Dick was, in 1888 elected Major of 
the Eighth Regiment Infantrj' Ohio 
National Guard, having- previously 
served, by regular promotion, as 
. Captain of Companj^ B, Akron City 
Guard. June 30, 1881, he was married 
to Carrie May Peterson, daughter of infancy; Carl, born October 23, 1887; 
Dr. Jam,es H. Peterson, of Akron. James Edward, born November 28, 
Four children, all boys, have been 1888, and Lucius Alfred, born Decein- 
born to them, the first dying in ber 6, 1890. 

. ^,^4'^'" 
# ^f-^^ 




■pMMON S. OVIATT— borvi in Rich- 
-L^ field, October 20, 1842; educated 
in village public schools, working- 
on farm, after twelve years of age 
attending- commercial school in 
Cleveland winters; at 18, in 1861, 
enlisted in the Second O. V. C, serv- 
ing in this and the 12th O. V. C, 
nearly three j-ears. On his dis- 
charge from the army, he engaged 
in the drug business, also serving- as 
township treasurer and postmaster 
at West Richfield until 1872, when he 
removed to Akron, soon afterwards 
engaging- in the carpet business, 
with William H. Diehl, under the 
firm name of Diehl tV: Oviatt, con- 
tinuing- six j'ears; in 1884, entered 
the office of O. B. Hardy & Co., deal- 
ers and jobbers in mining and sjjort- 
ing- po-wders, continuing one ^ear, 
then entered the county teasurer's 
office as deputj'. Under Treasurer A. 
31. Cole, continuing through the 
administration of Treasurer James 
H. Sej-mour, in November, 189(), being 
himself elected treasurer, the full 
duties of which responsible office he 
assumed September."), 1891. Mr. Oviatt 
is also a director of the City National 
Bank and president of the Akron 


Hardware Companj-. May 16, 18()4t 
Mr. Oviatt was mai'ried to Miss 
Mar J- A. Waters, of Brecksville, 
Cuj'ahoga county. They have no 


Wayne County, March 20, 1834 ; 
educated in schools of Doylestown 
and Copley; worked on his father's 

farm till 18o8 ; May 20, 18,i8, married 
to Miss Ellen Viere, of Norton ; Octo- 
ber, I8.18, rented the John C. Stearns 
farm, and three j^ears later the Jona- 
than Spafford farm, purchasing same 
at the end of 18 months, but later sell- 
ing it and in 1865 removed to Norton; 
in 1866 returned to Copley, and rented 
the 240 acre farm of Peter Weeks; in 
1867, in connection ^vith Royal Brock- 
way, purchased 546 acres of Rhodes 
brothers, on the west line of Portage 
township ; a division being made, 
other tracts were bought so that Mr. 
Frederick's present finelj^ cultivated 
farm consists of 283 acres, stock rais- 
ing and dairj'ing being specialties. 
Republican in politics, Mr. Frederick 
served as trustee of Portage town- 
ship from 1874 to 1877 ; as Director of 
County Infirmary from 1876 to 1882, 
being president of the board three 
years, and clerk two jrears ; 1889 
elected meiuber Board of County 
Comissioners for three years. Mr. 
and Mrs. Frederick are members of 
the First Disciples' Church of Akron. 
They are the parents of three cliil- 
dren — Charlotte Eliza, now Mrs. Harry 
N. Sherbondy ; Jaines McHenr'i-, (now 
editor of the American Farm Neu-s, 
Akron); and Ul3'S8es Grant, secretary 
and treasurer of The Thomas 
Lumber Co. 



i> HUE —son of Nathiuiiel W. and 
Nancj't/ohi'iston) Goodhue, was born 
in Akron, Auij;-ust 6, 1854 ; educated in 
city public scliools ; from September, 
1872, to December, 1878, deputy clerk i n 
United States Court at Cleveland; 
from 1878 to 1880, travelino- salesman 
for wholesale boot and shoe firm of 
Keller & Goodhue of Rochester, N. Y. ; 
from 1880 to 1882, read law in the office 
of his father in Akron ; on the acces- 
sion of the latter to the Probate Judge- 
ship of Summit count}^, Februarjr 9, 
■ 1882, entered the office as deputy 
clerk, on the death of Judge Goodhue, 
September 12, 1883, continuing^ 
through the incumbencj' of Judge 
Charles R. Grant, to February 9, 1891. 
November i, 1890, Mr. Goodhue was 
elected, on the Republican ticket, 
Clerk of Courts for Summit county ; 
entering upon the responsible duties 
of that "office, February 9, 1891. April 
4, 1883, Mr. Goodhue was married to 
Miss Mar3' Kent McNaughton, 
daughter of Finley and Ella (Kent) 
McNaughton, formerly of Akron, 


now of Youngstown, w^ho was born 
in Akron, October 31, 1858. They 
have no children. 


— born in New Lisbon, O., Jan- 
uary 24:, 1841 ; when two year,s old 
moved with parents to Munroe Falls, 
and later to Massillon, at 16 graduat- 
ing from public schools of that city ; 
then read medicine three years with 
Dr. Metz; October 6, 18(n, enlisted in 
Co. H, 16th O. V. L, for three years ; 
was .scverel}^ wounded by a shell at 

Chickasaw Bayou, near Vicksburg, 
in December, 1862, and discharged 
on surgeon's certificate August 7, 1863. 
April, 1864, re-enlisted in McLaugh- 
lin's cavalry, in John Sherman's 
famous brigade, going immediately 
into the Atlanta campaign, in every 
battle of which he was a participant ; 
went with Gen. Stoneman on an ex- 
pedition into Georgia for the rescue 
of Union prisoners ; was captured 
b}' the Confederates, stripped of his 
boots and most of his clothing, and 
marched, bare-foot, over fifty miles 
to Andersonville, where for nine 
long- months he suffered all the 
horrors of that infernal prison pen, 
on his discharge — a mere skeleton — 
for many months lingering upon the 
verg-e of the grave ; before fairly 
recovering he again sought his regi- 
ment, being with it on the final 
surrender of Gen. Joe Johnston. 
After the war Mr. Clark devoted him- 
self to newspaper work — 16 years on 
the Akron Daily Beacon and one 
j'ear on the Daily Repuhlicaii ; in 
1890 was elected County Recorder, 
which position he iv's now ablv filling. 
May 1, 1866, Mr. Clark was married, 
to Miss Caroline Foltz, of Wooster, 
who has borne him four children — 
Harrj' Walter, died in infancy ; Cora 
A. (now Mrs. Harrj- S. Brandon); 
George K. and Willie F. 



riEORGE W. SIEBER, -son of 
^^ Joseph and Sarah S. (Moyer) 
Sieber, was bom on a farm near 
Freeburg-, Snj^der covmty, Pa., Febrn- 
ary 22, 1858 ; removed with parents to 
Akron in 1868 ; educated in Freeburg- 
and Akron public schools, graduat- 
ing- from Akron hig-h school in 1876; 
attended Buchtel College and Cin- 
cinnati law school, graduating- from 
the latter in 1881, wifh first honors of 
class ; admitted to the bar the same 
year and entered upon a successful 
practice, in 1886 being- elected 
Prosecuting- Attorney for Summit 
county, on the Republican ticket, 
and re-elected in 1889, ably filling that 
responsible office six years,; April 1, 
1891, associated himself with ex- 
Judges Edwin P. Green, of the Com- 
mon Pleas Court, and Charles R. 
Gfant, of the Probate Court, under the 
firm name of Green, Grant & Sieber, 
and besides his law practice, is quite 
largely interested in several indus- 
trial enterprises in Akron and else- 
where. September 1, 1883, Mr. Sieber 
was married, to Miss Elsie C. Moatz, 


of Middleburgh, Pa., who has borne 
him three children George \V., who 
died at eleven months of age ; Joseph 
Bj'ron and Florence. 


RICHARD B. \VALKER,--born in 
BeJchertown,, August 11, 
182.5; common school education, 
reared to mercantile life; January 18, 
18.12, was married to Miss Mary E. 
Jenney, of Ware, Mass.; same j^ear 

came to Akron, opening a store for 
the sale of agricultural implements 
and supplies, the first store of its 
class in Akron, later adding tin and 
hardware to his stock in trade. In 
1862 lie becaine traveling salesman 
and general agent for Aultman, 
Miller & Co., for the sale of the cele- 
brated Buckeye Reapers and Mowers, 
conducting competitive field trials, 
etc., which business, with eminent 
success to both the companj^ and 
himself, he still follows. Politically 
Mr. Walker is a steadfast Republican, 
and though not an office seeker, 
was honored with a seat in the 
Council of the Incorporated Village 
of Akron, during the j'ears 1858, '59, 
and in 1859 was elected director of 
County Infirmary, which office, most 
of the time as clerk of the board 
he ably filled till 1868— nine 3'ears — 
having charge of Akron's poor, and 
efficiently aiding in the erection of 
the present commodious Infirmary 
buildings. To Mr. and Mrs. Walker 
have been born four sons — William, 
book-keeper for Mack Brothers, 
Cleveland; George, lawyer in Chi- 
cago; Charles, deceased; and Arthur 
H.,. also practicing law in Chicago. 



JACOB KOPLIN,— was born near 
J Doylestown, Wayne county, Ohio, 
July 24, 1828, moving into Norton 
township with parents in 1833; edu- 
cated in district schools and learned 
tailoring business; in 1862, moved to 
Akron, and on Augixst 30th of that 
year enlisted in Co. I), 29th Regiment 
O. V. I., serving nearly three years, 
being musterecf out June 8, 1865; after 
close of the war clerked for Barnes 
Brothers nearly ten years; in 187,5, '76 
officiating as jailor and deputy 
sheriff under Sheriff Levi J. McMur- 
ray; in 1877 was elected City Marshal 
of Akron, serving one year, when he 
resigned and opened a general store 
at Johnson's Corners, selling out a 
year later and returning to Akron, as 
salesman in the large Clothing 
House of J. Koch>&Co., which posi- 
tion he has since continuously held. 
In November, 1889, Mr. Koplin was 
elected a member of the Suminit 
Count}' Infirmary Board for the term 
of three years. May 30, 1849, Mr. 
Koplin was married to Miss Mar- 
garet Hile, of Norton, who bore him 
six children, three of whom died 
j^oung, the three survivors being": 
Jennie M., (now Mrs. S. G. Williams); 
Frank L., now of the shoe firm of 


S. E. Phinney & Co.; and Orin P., 
machinist with Webster, Camp & 
Lane. Mrs. Koplin dying April 23, 
1889, Mr. Koplin was again married, 
to Mrs. Linnie L. Bolich, — nee Long 
—of Wadsworth, January 1, 1890. 

City Solicitors. — Elected by the people — term two years: 
1865, '66, '67, '68, Newell D. Tibbals; 1869, '70, John McGregor; 1871, 
'72, '73, '74, '75, '76, Edward W. Stuart; 1877, '78, Henry C. Sanford; 
1879, '80, Calvin Pease Humphrey; 1881, '82, '83, '84, Charles S. 
Cobbs; 1885, '86, '87, '88, Dayton A. Dojde; 1889, '90, '91, '92, George 
M. Anderson. 

City Civil Engineers. — Previous to 1869, no regular civil engi- 
neer, for either town, village or city, had been / permanently 
employed, but such surveying, laying of grades, etc., \\ras done by 
old-time local surveyors — Joshua Henshavir, Albert G. Mallison, 
Capt. Richard Howe, Dwight Newton, Seth Sackett, Hosea Paul, 
and others, as necessity required. Under the ordinance of 1869, P. 
H. Dudley v^ras elected City Civil Engineer by the people for two 
years, and re-elected in 1871, followed by the election in the same 
rnanner, in 1873, of Charles E. Perkins for two years. In 1875 the 
office was made appointive, from year to year, by the Ma3'or, sub- 
ject to confirmation by Council, under w^hich arrangement Charles- 
E. Perkins was successively appointed in 1875, '76 and '77, and 
Omar N. Gardner in 1878, '79, '80, '81, '82 and '83. The ordinance 
being again changed, making the office elective by the Council for 
two years, Mr. Gardner was again elected in 1884, followed hj 
Willis D. Chapman, in 1886, and re-elected in 1888. Mr. Chapman 
resigning early in 1889, Assistant Engineer Samuel \V. Parshall 
was promoted to the engineership for two 3'ears, and is still 

Street Commissioner. — Prior to 1869 work upon the streets 
of the village and city was done under the supervision of the 
Street Committee, or some person sjDecially appointed for the 

a'kron's civil sjervick kecord. 


J Frankfort, Pa., May 7, 1827; moved 
with parents to Canton, Ohio, in 1840; 
served as clerk in store of H. H. 
Myers five j-ears; came to Akron in 
1846, clerking- four years, and in part- 
nership two years, with the late 
Allen Hibbard, in the "Old Green 
Store " on Howard street, burned Feb- 
ruary 17, 1851. In 1852, Mr. W. started 
in business for himself, and indiffer- 
ent localities, with several different 
partners, (Mr. C. A. Brouse being as- 
sociated with him for about 18 years) 
though again entirely burned out, 
March 11, 1869, he continued to do a 
phenomenally successful mercantile 
business in Akron for over a third of 
a centurj', his operations for the last 
few years, in addition to the care of 
his tine farm adjoining the city, and 
his elegant Summer resort, "Monte- 
bello," at Newberr}^ Vt., being con- 
fined to agricultural implementM, 
giant powder, wool, fruit, etc. Mr. 
Weseuer served as a member and 
clerk of the Infirmary board in 1851, 
and as village Recorder in 18.i5, '.")(>. 
September 8, 1849, he was mari-ied to 
Miss Philura Spalding, daughter of 
Judge Rvifus P. Spalding, who bore 
him three children, all oi whom died 
in infancy. Mrs. W. d3iug- July 6, 


18.52, he was again married, to Miss 
Anna J. Hopkins, who died January 
1, 1876 ; was again married, Septeiuber 
5, 1876, to IVfiss Alphonsene D. C'e 
Chevrier, who has borne him four 
children — Joseph E., Marj' A., Anna 
J. and Henry Huntington. 


TAMES F. SCOTT,— born at Cadiz, 
J Ohio, February 18, 1828; common 
school education; learned the trade 
of harness-maker at Scio,Ohio ; June 
8, 1848, married Miss Eunice Jolley, 
who died February 28, 1849, aged 21 

j'ears and 9 months ; in 1850 started 
overland for Oregon, going as far as 
Iowa, but on account of illness 
returned to Ohio, going into the 
music business in Cincinnati ; in 
Spring of 1852, went to New Lisbon, 
and in Fall of same year came to 
Akron, eng'aging with Messrs. 
Blodgett & Horton in the manufact- 
ure of melopeans ; January 10, 1856, 
was married to Miss Bell Carson, who 
died October 30, the same j'ear, aged 
24 years. November 25, 1857, was 
again married, to Miss Helen Shaw, 
who has borne him four children — 
Daniel H. Scott, born October 25, 1858, 
now private secretary to the presi- 
dent of The Richard Grant Company, 
corner Hudson and Vestry streets. 
New York City ; James W. Scott, 
born February 22, 1860, now reading 
law in the office of Citj' Solicitor 
George M.Anderson ; Charles Brown 
Scott, born August 30, 1861, died 
March 26, 1864 ; Nellie Brown Scott, 
born January 2, 1868, died February 16, 
1884. Mr. Scott is a member of the First 
Disciples' Church of Akron, and an 
ardent Republican, ably filling the 
office of Mayor of the City of Akron, 
from April 1877 to April 1879; occu- 
pation for past 25 years, piano-tuner. 



purpose by Council. By the ordinance of 1869 the office of Street 
Commissioner -was created, to be elected by the people for the term 
of two years, the successive incumbents of which have been as 
follows: 1869, '70, '71, '72, Thomas H. Goodwin; 1873, '74, '75, '76, 
'77, '78, Benjamin Frederick; 1879, '80, Joseph D. Ellis; 1881, '82, '83, 
'84, James Wildes; 1885, '86, '87, '88, Henry Acker; 1889, Henry Van 
Hyning. The title of the office having been changed to Supervisor 
of Streets, and from an elective to an appointive office, Mr. Van 
Hyning is still serving as an appointee of the City Council. 

-L^ of Hiram and Elizabeth (Cron- 
ing-er) Watters, was born in Carroll, 
Fairfield coxint3', Ohio, October 4, 
1855. At 14 years of age removed 
with his parents to Akron, where he 
attended the public schools until 
1872, when, at its opening-, he entered 
Buchtel College, remaining three 
years. On leaving college, in 1875, 
he spent one year with his father in 
the construction Of a mill. In the 
Spring of 1877 entered the office of J. 
J. Hall, Esq., as a law student, and on 
his admission to the bar, March 17, 
1879, entered into partnership with 
Mr. Hall, under the firm name of Hall 
•& Watters, which continued until the 
election of Mr. Watters to the office 
of Mayor of the city of Akron, in the 
Spring of 1883, to which office Mr. 
Watters was re-elected in 1885, serv- 
ing in all four years. On the expira- 
tion of his second term, as Mayor, in 
the Spring of 1887, Mr. Watters 
resumed the practice of the law on 
his own account, w^hich calling he is 


Still successfully pursuing. Decem- 
ber 22, 1890, Mr. Watters was married 
to Miss Julia E. Lynn, of Akron. 


A^ of Col. Dudley and Lois (Clarke) 
Seward, was born in Akron Januarj^ 
3, 1852 ; educated in Akron public 
schools and under the private tute- 
lage of Judge James S. Carpenter; 
studied law with Messrs. Edgerton 
& Kohler, and in office of Hon. Henry 
C. Sanford; admitted to bar in April, 
1876, commencing practice with Olin 
L. Sadler, Esq.; in 1886, elected justice 
of the peace for Middlebury town- 
ship and continued under Akron 
township ; in 1887 elected Mayor of 
the city of Akron, ably serving two 
years, in Spring- of 1884 resuming his 
law practice, which he is still suc- 
cessfull}' pursuing. Mr. Seward is 
also interested in several of the 
industrial enterprises of Akron and 
vicinity. December 4, 1890, Mr. 
-Seward was inarried in Akron to Miss 
Katharine Ma^^ Johnston, daughter 
of County Commissioner Washing- 
ton G. and Mrs. Anna (Irvin) John- 
ston, of Green township, who was 
born March 19, 1870. 



Perrj' township, Stark coun1> , 
Ohio, April 17, 1843 ; resided on farni 
with parents until nearly 21 years of 
age ; educated in township district 
schools, supplemented b}' several 
terms of instruction in Canton 
Union Schools; in 1!S62 moved to 
Copley township, and in 1864 to 
Akron, working- at the machinist 
trade, in the Buckeye Reaper and 
Mower works, of Aultman, Miller & 
Co., for twenty-five j-ears. Demo- 
cratic in politics, Mr. Miller rep- 
resented the Fourth ward in the 
Akron City Council from April, 1883, 
to April, 1885 ; April, 1889, Mr. Miller 
was elected Mayor of Akron, which 
responsible position he still holds. 
Mr. Miller was married August 21, 
1865, to Miss Harriet E. Manderbach, 
daughter of Jacob Manderbach, of 
Akron. Three children have been 
born to thein, two of whom are now 
living — George H., 25, now a member 
of the Akron Shoe Companj^, and Ada 
A., 16, living at home. In societj- 
matters, Mr. Miller has borne a con- 
spicuous part ; initiated in Summit 
Lodge, No. 50, 1. 0. 0. F., October 6, 1873, 
became P. G. of Lodge in 1880 ; is now 
P. C. P. of Akron Encampment, No. IS ; 


commissioned D. D. G. P. of Encamp- 
ment, June 8, 1886, by G. P. L. A. 
Baldwin, of Findlay, O.; was commis- 
sioned Captain and Aide-de-Camp, 
Brigade Staff, Patriarchs Militant, by 
Gen. Franklin Ellis, Commander 
Dep't of Ohio, January l.i, 1886. 


pHARLES S. COBBS, — born near 
^ Alliance, Columbiana county, 

Ohio. Julj- 7, 1853; lived on farm 
until 18, when he entered Mt. Union 
College, from which he graduated 
in Jul J', 1877; superintendent of 
Malvern Union Schools two j^ears,. 
meantime studying law ; in Ma}', 
1879, entered the office of John J. Hall, 
Esq., in Akron, being admitted to 
the bar, in May, 1879, at session of 
Supreme Court in Columbus, enter- 
ing at once into a successful law 
practice in Akron ; in April, 1881, 
was elected City Solicitor, and re- 
elected in 1883, serving two full terms ; 
and has since acted as local attorney 
for the Valley Railway Companj^ in 
connection with his general law 
practice, March 9, 1891, forming a 
partnership with Edward Oviatt and 
George G. Allen, Esqs., under the 
firm name of Oviatt, Allen & Cobbs. 
November 2, 1881, Mr. Cobbs was 
married, to Miss Margaret S. McCall, 
of Malvern, CoUimbiana Co., Ohio,, 
who has borne him one child- 
Charles Walker Cobbs— born Feb- 
ruary 15, 1889. 



vJ —son of Rev. G. W. Anderson, 
Methodist minister; born at Prince- 
ton, Wis., June 29, 1857; in 1859, came 
with parents to Ohio, living- in vari- 
ous places, and attending- common 
schools until Fall of 1876, -when he 
entered Allegheny College, in part 
defraying- the expenses of his four 
years' course by manual labor, man- 
agement of lectures, etc.; in Fall of 
1880; came to Krumroy ; October 22, 
1880, he was married to Miss Mary E. 
Jobes, of Damascus, Columbiana Co.; 
remained at Krumroy two years, 
teaching- school, working- at painting, 
common labor, etc., leisure hours 
being devoted to Blackstone ; in Fall 
of 1882, removed to Ann Arbor, Mich., 
and entered the law department of 
the Michigan University, working in 
in law office during vacations ; on 
graduating, in Spring of 1884, was 
admitted to the Supreme Court of 
Michigan, and to the Courts of Ohio, 
June 3, 1884 ; coiumenced practice in 
Akron in August, 1884, and elected 
Citjr Solicitor, on the Republican 
ticlcet, in the Spring of 1889, which 
re.=*ponsible position he still fills. 


Mr. and Mrs. Anderson have had two 
children — Mary Belle, born at Krum- 
ro3^ October 25, 1881, died at Ann 
Arbor in the Fall of 1882 ; Jesse May, 
born in Akron, January 21, 1886. 


born in Richfield, October 23, 
1833, moving with family to Hudson 
when two years old; in 1857, gradu- 
ated from Western Reserve College, 
studying- law with Judge Van R. 

Humphrey, in Hudson, and Wolcott 
& Upson in Akron, being admitted to 
the bar by the Supreme Court, at 
Columbus, March 29, 1859, immedi- 
atelj' opening- an office in Akron, 
where he has been in continuous 
practice since, except during his 
absence in the army ; in September, 
1861, enlisted as member of the 
Second Ohio Cavalr5' Regimental 
Band, serving in the division of Gen. 
Blount, in the Western campaign. 
After discharge of band, by order of 
War Department, he was commis- 
sioned bj' Gov. Tod, in 1862, as cap- 
tain in the 124:th O. V. I., but by 
reason of consolidation of compan- 
ies, was mustered out on organiza- 
tion of regiinent; in 1864, at the call 
of Gov. Brough, served 100 da^s in 
defense of the National Capitol, as a 
member of Corapanj^ F., 164th O. N. 
G. In 1864 Mr. Ingersoll was elected 
Recorder of the incorporated village 
of Akron, and took the census, pre- 
pared the necessarj- papers, and pro- 
cured from the Secretary of State the 
charter constituting- Akron a city of 
the second class. Ei addition to his 
legal acquireinents, Mr. Ingersoll is a 
fine inusician, having been chorister 
in the Congregational and other 
churches of the citj^ for manj^ years. 
June 6, 1866, he was married to Miss 
Sarah A. Boaidman, of Newton Falls, 
who has borne him two children, 
Adelaide B. and Harr}^ 



NEWTON FORD— son' of Marvin 
and Lydia (Cornwell) Ford was 
born in Northfield, Ohio, March 24, 
18.12; raised on farm till 1863; assisted 
his father in postofRce at Macedonia 
from 1863 to 1868; in 1870, entered 
Western Reserve College, at Hudson, 
continuing- until 1873, when he beg-aii 
teaching- in public schools of this 
county; in 187i, began reading law 
under Horace B. Foster, Esq., in 
Hudson, two years later conclftding 
his studies in office of Foster, Mar- 
vin & Grant, in Akron, being- 
admitted to the bar, here, Aug-ust 28, 
1876. In April, 1877, located in Akron 
for the practice of his profession, in 
Februar3', 1878, associating himself 
with Hon. Henry C. Sanford, the 
partnership continuing- about five 
years. In April, 1879, Mr. Ford was 
elected Citj' Clerk, by the City Coun- 
cil, and successivelv elected for the 
years 1880, '81, '82. After an interreg-- 
num of one year, he was again 
elected Clerk, in April, 1884, which 
position he continued to hold until 
April, 1890, making- an aggregate ser- 
vice of ten years. November 26, 1879, 
he was married" to Miss Rosine 
McKinley, of Hudson, who has borne 


him three children — Howard C, born 
August 14, 1882; twins, boy and girl, 
born May 23, 1887~Bernice N., and 
Ethel Rosannah, Bernice dying when 
two months and a half old. 


We are unable to secure a full record of the earlier local 
officers, but commencing with 1836, the following is a tolerably 
full roster of Portage township's successive trustees: 1836, William 
B. Mitchell, Miner Spicer, John Sherbondy; 1837, '38, same; 1839, 
Wilham B. Mitchell, John Sherbondy, Simon Perkins, Jr.; 1840, 
Charles W. Brown, Jesse Allen, John Aj-res; 1841, Simon Perkins, Jr. 
Jesse Allen, Charles W. Brown; 1842, Simon Perkins, Jr., Eber 
Blodgett, Charles W. Brown; 1843, same; 1844, Simon Perkins, Jr., 
Moses Smith, John Sherbondy; 1845, Simon Perkins, Lucius V. 
Bierce, Silas W. W^ilder; 1846, Silas W. Wilder, Lucius V. Bierce, 
Justus Gale; 1847, Lucius V. Bierce, Henry Converse, George 
Sherbondy; 1848, Webster B. Storer, David Miller, John Ayres; 
1849, David Miller, Nathaniel Finch, George Sherbondy; on the 
death of Mr. Miller, in October, George D. Bates was appointed to 
fill the vacancy. 1850, Nathaniel Finch, George Sherbondy, Joseph 
F. Gilbert; 1851, Joseph F. Gilbert, Ira Hawkins, Robert Jackson; 
1852, Elias W. Howard, George Sherbondy, Robert Jackson; 1853, 
Joseph F. Gilbert, Robert Jackson, George Sherbondy; 18554, Ira 
Hawkins, Elias L. Munger, George Sherbondy; 1855, George W, 
McNeil, Elias L. Munger, George Sherbondy; 1856, Benjamin 
McNaughton, George W. McNeil, Reuben Sherbondy; 1857, Charles 
Merriman, Clement J. Kolb. Webster B. Storer; 18,58, George 
Miller, Melchiah Sherbondy, Jacob Snyder; 18,59, Houston Sisler, 
Clement J. Kolb, John R. Buchtel; 1860, same; 1861, Houston 
Sisler, John R. Buchtel, Christopher Oberholtz; 1862, same; Mr. 
Sisler dying in June, Roland O. Hammond was appointed to fill 
the vacancy; 1863, John R. Buchtel, Simon Perkins, G. F. W. 



Fisher; 1864, same; 1865, same; 1866, John R. Buchtel, James F, 
Scott, Clement J. Kolb; 1867, John R. Buchtel, Frank T. Husong,. 
Joseph Babb; 1868, Joseph Babb, Frank T. Husong, Abraham 
Sichley; 1869, Frank T. Husong, Joseph Babb, Millard F. Hamlin; 
1870, Joseph Babb, Millard F. Hamlin, Nelson C. Hawkins; 1871, 
Millard F. Hamlin, Nelson C. Hawkins, Abner L. Caldwell; 1872, 
Nelson C. Hawkins, Millard F. Hamlin, Hiram Sherbondj^; 1873, 
Hiram Sherbondy, Millard F. Hamlin, Fred Oberholtz; 1874, Abner 
L. Caldwell, Abraham Sichley, Henry Frederick; 1875, same; 1876, 
same; 1877, Hiram Sherbondy, Simon Perkins, Abraham Sichle}'; 

1878, Stephen H. Pitkin, Avery S. Beardsley, John McCausland; 

1879, Stephen H. Pitkin, Albert H. MalUson, Ephraim Erdley; Mr.. 
Erdley dying in July, Uriah Sherbondy was appointed to fill the 
vacancy; 1880, Jacob Carpenter, Albert H. Mallison, Charles W. 
Brown; 1881, Jacob Carpenter, Albert H. MalUson, Millard F. 
HamHn; 1882, Jacob Carpenter, Millard F. HamHn, W. E. Waters;. 
1883, B. M. Boyer, B. F. Buchtel, T. J. Wise; 1884, Jacob Carpenter, 
B. F. Buchtel, W. E. Waters; 1885, B. F. Buchtel, Jacob Carpenter, 
M. J. Gilbo. In 1886, the law was changed making the term three 
years, one trustee to be elected ever3'' three years, since which 
time the successive boards have been as follows: 1886, B. F. 
Buchtel, Eli Smith, Charles T. Parks; 1887, same; 1888, Charles T. 
Parks, Eli Smith, John Leib. Mr. Leib ha%'ing deceased, Henry 

PLIMMON H. DUDLEY,— born in 
r Freedom, Ohio, May 24, 1843; 
educated at Hiram College; elected 
Akron City Civil Engineer, in 1869, 
re-elected in 1871; built Mill Street 
conduit, 1870, and West Market Street 
arch and bridge, 1871; 1872, served on 
commission to inspect the Public 
Works of Ohio; same year elected 
Chief Engineer of Valles' Railway, 
locating road, with easy curvature 
and ■ down grade, from Suinmit 
Countjr coal fields to Cleveland; 1875, 
'76, used his invention, the Dyna- 
graph, (power writer), on L. S. & M. S. 
Ry., demonstrating that 18 to 2U 
miles for freight trains was more 
economical than the 10 to 12 miles 
per hoixr then in vogue; 1876, '77, '78, 
emploj^ed as expert, by the Eastern 
Railway Association, to test the 
comparative inerits of locomotive 
trucks; 1877, awarded the Elliott Cres- 
son Gold Medal, by the Franklin Insti- 
tute, of Pennsylvania, (the sixth 
in 30 years), for his invention of the 
Dynagraph; 1877, invented system bj^ 
w^hich each clock on a given railway 
line can be set to standard time by 
touching electric key in main ofHce; 
1878, sent Djmagraph to the Victor- 
ian Railways of Australia, and built 
for himself a car for his enlarged 
Dynagraph; 1880, invented track- 
inspecting system, showing the con- 
dition of any rail passed over, and 
ejecting paint where repairs are 
needed; 1883, designed new type of 


rails; 1881, announced plan for pro- 
tecting timber from decay; 1885, 
elected Fellow of the New York 
Academy of Science; 1887, was sent 
to inspect the Panama Railroad; 1889,. 
invented sj'stem of trucks for heavj' 
railway service; 1890, elected presi- 
dent New York Microscopical Society- 
December 12, 1871, Mr. Dudley was 
married to Miss Luc}^ M., eldest 
daughter of the late Hiram V. and 
Ruth (Ranney) Bronson, of Penin- 
sula, their present residence being- 
New York City. 



Zink was appointed to fill the vacancy by Justice Solomon 
Koplin. The township being separated from Akron, in the Spring- 
of 1888, thus making the place of Mr. Parks vacant, Reuben 
Sherbondy was appointed to the place by Justice Koplin. Since 
its separation from the city, Portage township has been divided 
into two election precincts, the territory north of city limits, and 
east of canal being designated as the East precinct, and that west 
of city and canal as the West precinct. 1889, trustees: Eli Smith, 
Reuben Sherbondy, Abner L. Caldwell; 1890, Thomas \V. Tngalls, 
Reuben Sherbondy, A. L. Caldwell; 1891, same. 

OMAR N. GARDNER, — son of 
James and Elvira C. Gardner, 
natives of Genessee county, N. Y., was 
born in Akron, December 2, 1854 ; 
educated in Akron public schools 
and Buchtel College. In 1870 began 
work with Mr. P. H. Dudley, Akron's 
first cit5- engineer, also assisting Mr. 
Dudley on the survej'S for the B. & O. 
and Valle3' railways ; in 1878 -was 
elected Cit}' Engineer of Akron, hold- 
ing the office until 1886, designing 
and superintending- the construction 
of the larger portion of our compre- 
hensive system of public works- 
sewerage, paving, bridges, viaducts, 
conduits, sewer tunnel, etc., involv- 
ing an expenditure of over half a 
million dollars. Inl887,'was emploj^ed 
as special engineer bj- Nebraska's 
capital city, Lincoln, where he 
designed and superintended the con- 
struction of a complete sj'stem of 
public works — some 30 miles of 
separate storm and sanitar5^ sewers, 
luany miles of brick, cedar block 
and granite block paving, and an 
important extension of the Lincoln 
water w^orks system, which ranks 
among the finest in the country. Mr. 
G. has also designed a sj^stem of 
sewerage for West Bay City, Mich., 
and is now professionalise officiating 


u- -"V. 


as consulting engineer for all 
branches of sanitarj' and hj-draulic 
works. September^, 1877, Mr. Gardner 
was married to Miss Ella J. Bush, of 
Jamestown, N. Y, who has borne him 
two children — a daughter, Alene, 
born March 11, 1879, and a son, James 
A., born March 20, 1881. 

Portage Township Clerks. — From and including 1836, the 
duly elected clerks of Portage township have been as follows: 
1836, '37, Franklin C. May; 1838, Horace K. Smith; 1839, Joseph 
Cole; 1840, Nahum Fay; 1841, William Harrison Dewey; 1842, 
Henry Clay Crosby; 1843, William H. Dewey; 1844, Nahum Fay; 
1845, '46, '47, Charles W. Tappan; 1848, '49, Tilman Wagner; 1850, 
'51, Edward W. Perrin; 1852, '53, '54, '55, '56, Roland O. Hammond; 
1857, Newell D. Tibbals; 1858, '59, Jacob A. Kohler; 1860, '61, '62, 
George T. McCurdy; 1863, '64, '65, '66, '67, William C. Allen; 1868, 
'69,'70, '71, John McGregor; 1872, '73, '74, '75, George Tod Ford; in 
September Mr. Ford resigned and Charles Baird was appointed in 
his place; 1876, '77, Charles Baird; 1878, ^79, '80, '81, '82, '83, Peter J. 
Moersch; 1884, '85, William H. Sanford; 1886, A. K. Fouser; 1887, 
Frank G. Treash; 1888, '89, '90, '91, John W. Frank. 




Dr. Brj'on and Matilda A. 
(Dills) Chapman, was born in Coplej-, 
October '<i, 1848; educated in Copley 
tfchools and Pennsjlvania Polytech- 
nic College, Philadelphia; was locat- 
ing- engineer on Lake Shore and I'us- 
carawas Valley R. R. in 1871 ; same on 
Canada Southern from 1872 to 1876 ; 
engaged in general civil engineering, 
with headquarters in Toledo, from 
1876 to 1878; mining engineer and LT. 
S. deputy surveyor in Leadville, Col., 
1879 to 1881 ; U. S. deputy surveyor in 
Montana, in 1882 ; followed railroad 
engineering in Michigan, in 1883 and 
1884 ; Akron city engineer from 1886 
until his resignation in 1889, since 
which time he has been engaged in 
electric street railroad construction 
in Akron, Canton and Zanesville, 
being now general manager of the 
Akron Electrical Manufacturing 
Company ; has been a member of the 
American Societ}- of Civil Engineers 
since 1883, and also of the Ohio 
Society of Civil Engineers. Februars^ 
26, 1873, Mr. Chapman was married to 
Jliss Ella A. Marriner, born in Akron 
May 5, 1849, who has borne him six 
children — Charles A., born Januar5r 


25, 187,5 ;Etha May, born February 6, 
1877 ; Willis D., Jr., born October 14, 
1878; Ella A., born April 27, 1881; 
George B., born October 12, 1884, and 
Fred., born October 5, 1888. 



son of James and Henrietta L- 

(Shugart) Parshall, w^as born at 
Tidioute, Pa., May 11,1856; educated 
in common schools, Cornell Univer- 
sit}' and Buchtel College ; married in 
Akx-on, February 5, '1880, to Miss 
Hattie E. Pardee, daughter of the late 
Judge William Pardee, a native of 
Wadsworth ; followed a variety of 
occupations till 27, when, in 1883, he 
permanentlj' settled in Akron, in 1884 
becoming an assistant in the office 
of Cit}^ Engineer Omar N. Gardner, 
and continuing under Engineer 
Willis D. Chapman, until the resig- 
nation of the latter, when, on March 
18, 1889, he was appointed by the City 
Council to fill the vacancy, and in 
May, 1890, was duly elected, by Coun- 
cil, City Engineer for the term of two 
years, which position he is now ably 
filling-. Mr. and Mrs. Parshall are 
the parents of five children — Ina, 
born January 19, 1881 ; Gladys, born 
October 11, 1882 ; Edward, born July 
12, 1884 ; Wallace Dickey, born March 
14, 1889; and Sanmel Wilson, born 
September 1, 1890. 



PoRTAGK Township Treasurers. — From and including 1836, 
the successive treasurers of Portage township have been as 
follows: 1836, '37, '38, Samuel A. Wheeler; 1839, Lewis P. Buckley; 
1840, '41, '42, '43, '44, '45, '46, '47, Samuel A. Wheeler; 1848, '49, 
Zebulon Jones; 18.10, '51, '52, '53, Benjamin McNaughton; 1854, '55, 
\56, Edwin W. Perrin; 1857, Houston Sisler; 1858, John T. Good; 
1859, '60, John H. Chamberlin; 1861, '62, '63, '64, '65, '66, '67, '68, '69, 
Charles Cranz; 1870, '71, '72, Arthur L. Conger; 1873, David R. 
Paige, Jr.; 1874, Jacob H. Wise; 1875, '76, B. F. Buchtel; 1877, '78, 
'79, '80, '81, '82, '83, John McGregor; 1884, Dayton A. Doyle; 1885, '86, 
^87, A. J. Williams; 1888, '89, '90, '91, John McCausland. 

rr DWIN WAGXER,— son of Jacob 
-L-' and Mag'dalena Wagner, young-- 
■et*t of a faniilj- of ten children, was 
born near Hartville, Stark Countj', 
Jiilj' 23, 1862; raised on farm; edvt- 
cated in district school, with one year 
at Ada (Ohio) Normal School and to 
junior year in Biichtel College, teach- 
ing Winters, the Winter of 1885, '86, 
and all of the year 1886, '87, in Penin- 
sula High School. Mr. Wagner is a 
member of Grace Reformed Church ; 
in politics a Democrat, and after four 
years' service as deputy, under Clerk 
Newton Ford, was elected Citj' Clerk 
of Akron, in April, 1890, which posi- 
tion he is still ably filling. April 30, 
1889, Nr. Wagner was married to Miss 
Sarah Grosenbach. of Hartville, who 
bore him one child — Jean Marie, 
born April 11, 1890, Mrs. Wagner 
dying June 29, 1891, aged 29 j^ears, and 
■6 davs. 



in Wooster, Wayne countj% 
Ohio, June l.i,1858 ; educated in pub- 

lic schools ; learned the machinist 
trade, with his father, giving especial 
attention to technical mechanical 
construction, working successively 
in Wooster, Millersburg and Mans- 
field, until September, 1881, when he 
came to Akron, where he has since 
continuouslj' resided; September 6, 
1885, was appointed First District 
Inspector of workshops and factories, 
to fill an unexpired term, and re-ap- 
pointed May 8, 1888, discharging the 
intricate duties of the position with 
such intelligence and fidelity, that 
he was promoted to tbe Chief Inspec- 
torship of the workshops and 
factories of Ohio, by Governor J. B. 
Foraker, for four years, from April 
29, 1889, which important office he is 
still ably filling, the headquarters of 
the department being at Columbus. 
October 12, 1882, Mr. McDonald was 
married to Miss Lillie A. Estill, 
daughter of Hon. James A. Estill, of 
Millersburg, Ohio. Thej' have two 
children living — James E. and Helen. 



OIMON M. STONE— born in Lock 
^J Haven, Pa., January 6, 1841; 
educated in coniinon schools; 
clerked in father's store until July 
10, 1861, when, at 17 years of age, he 
enlisted in Co. D, 7th P. V. I., serving 
two years and a half, when he re- 
enlisted for the war ; May 7, 1864, was 
captured with his regiment, in the 
Battle of the Wilderness, spending 
seven months in Anders o nvill e 
prison. At the close of the war, 
again enlisted in the 4th U. S. 
Artillery, in which he served three 
years, being discharged as First 
Sergeant, at Richmond, Va., May 29, 
1870, having given seven full years 
to the service of his country. On 
returning home, followed the busi- 
ness of photographer for two years, 
when, in 1872, he came to Akron, 
working in Alvron Rubber Works 
nearly 10 years. In 188 2, was 
appointed on Akron police force by 
Mayor Samuel A. Lane, serving until 
April, 1887, when he was elected City 
Marshal, to which responsible posi- 
tion he was re-elected in April, 1889, 
serving four full years. October 21, 
1873, Marshal Stone was married, to 
Miss Laura E. Bittner, of Akron, 


who has borne him three children - 
Fred. Louis, born December 23, 1874 ;: 
Mabel May, born October 3, 1877. died 
February 22, 1879 ; Laura Gertrude, 
born December 27, 1881. 



■^ son of Amos and Clarina (New- 
ton) Mallison, born in Groton, Conn., 

June 13, 1797 ; when eleven j'ears old,, 
moved with his parents to Rich- 
mond, Berkshire county, Mass., com- 
ing to Akron in 1832, settling on 
farm, on what is nc^ known as 
Wooster avenue. In addition to a 
good district school education, Mr. 
Mallison, when young, learned sur- 
vejdng, in which capacit}^ he ran the 
line between Massachusetts and New 
York, and also, after coming here,was 
employed b}' Perkins, King and 
Crosby to survej' and plat the North- 
ern portion of the City of Akron, his 
name appearing in most of the deeds 
of conveyance in the first, second 
and third wards. Mr. Mallison also 
taught school for several years in 
Massachusetts, New Jersey and Ohio, 
the last time in the stone school 
house at the southwest six-corners, 
in Tallmadge. June 22, 1843, Mr. Mal- 
lison was married to Miss Cornelia 
G. Washburn, of Akron, who bore 
him three children — Eveline, (now 
Mrs. Horace G. Moon), Albert H,. 
both now living- on Wooster avenue, 
and Amos, who died 1886. Mr. Malli- 
son died February 26,1879, at the age 
of 81 j^ears, 8 months, 13 days, Mrs. 
Mallison dying December 8,^ 187.5, 
aged 76 3'ears, o months and 6 ^days. 



A?tOS MALLISON.-^eldest sou of 
-'^ Amos and Clarina (Newton) 
Mallison, was born in Groton, Conn., 
Jvily 0, 1795 ; at 13, moved with his 
parents to Richmond, Berkshire 
count}-, Mass., coming- to Ohio in 1833, 
settling- on the farm now known as 
Bartges-Xallison Addition to the 
Ci t}- of Akron. Mr. Mallison received 
a good common school education, 
and followed, through life, the calling- 
of a farmer. June 6, 1840, Mr. Malli- 
son was married to Mrs. Mary Comp- 
tou, a widow with one daughter, 
afterward married to Mr. John M. 

Seidel, now of Hudson, Mrs. Sei- 
del, at her death leaving one son, 
Theodore, who was adopted by his 
grandparents and is now a success- 
ful farmer in Western New York. 
After the sale of their farm, here, to 
Dr. S. W. Bartges, Mr. and Mrs. Mal- 
lison, in the Spring of 1870, removed 
to the town of Victor, Ontario county, 
N. Y., where Mr. M. died January 2.5, 
1877, aged 81 yeai-s, 6 months and 19 
days. Mrs. M. still survive.?. 



JACOB ALLKN, — fourth .son of 
J Jesse and Catherine (Teithrich) 
Allen, was born in I^ansing, Tomp- 
kins countj', N. Y., February 11, 1803, 
removing with parents to Coventry, 
Ohio, in 1811 ; educated in district 
schools ; learned cloth-dressing trade 
in Middlebury ; at 18 went to State of 
New York and built woolen mill near 
Ithaca ; returned to Ohio in 1835, in 
1837 building woolen mill in Ghent ; 
in 1838 another mill in Akron near 
Cascade mill ; in 1840 another on the 

old cit}- mill site; in 1842 another, 
now a part of the oat meal plant of 
The Hower Co., and in 1846, with 
others, a satinet factory further south 
on Canal street, converted into a 
flouring mill in 1856, and now known 
as the Allen Mills, of which his son 
Frank, of New York, is how one of 
the proprietors. Mr. Allen was a 
liberal promoter of public improve- 
ments, and especially influential 
in securing the location of the A. 
& G. W. (now N. Y., P. & O.) railroad 
through Akron, his latest private 
enterpise being the erection of the 
three-story business block bearing 
his name on South Howard street. 
Though not an office-seeker, Mr. 
Allen was a member of Akron Vil- 
lage Council in 1841, '42. February 
16, 1830, at Ithaca, N. Y., he was mar- 
ried to Miss Catharine Vansickle, 
sister of the late N. E. Vansickle and 
Mrs. A. M. Barber, who bore him 
five children — Hiram, deceased ; 
Mary Helen, now Mrs. Rufus Wright, 
of Akron ; Frank H., now of New- 
York City ; Elnora, who died in 
infancy; and Lizzie, now Mrs. Charles 
W. Kellogg, of Chicago. Mr. Allen 
died November 25, 1879, aged 76 years, 
9 months and 14 days, Mrs. Allen 
dying September 20, 1887, aged 73 
years, 9 months and 10 days. 



SICKLE, — born in Germantown, 
N. J., November 10, 1816 ; moved with 
parents to Tompkins county, N. Y., 
in 1825, and to Bath, Ohio, in 1837 ; 
common school education ; during- 
minority worked at farming- and 
blacksmithing with father ; then 
learned to malte cloth, following that 
business in connection with his 
brother - in - law, Jacob Allen, from 
1838 to 1845, being co-proprietor of City 
Woolen Factory, afterwards known 
as the Cit5^ Mills, on West Market 
street. September 3, 18M, was mar- 
ried to Miss Margaret Mathews, of 
Akron, who bore him two children — 
Ella, now Mrs. E. R. Grant, and Dora, 
now Mrs. N. H. Bassett, both now 
residents of Akron. In 1848 eng-ag-ed 
in hotel keeping- in Bedford, later, for 
several years, engaging in railroad 
building in Missouri and other local- 
ities ; was master of transportation 
in the earlier j-ears of the war ; later 
emploj'ed on public works of Akron, 
and in 1871, in connection with Col. 
A. L. Conger, building 20 miles of the 
Valley Railway. In 1875 established 
cigar and tobacco store at 104 East 
Market street, following- that busi- 
ness several years. In 1846 Mr. Van- 
sickle served as a member of the 


Town Covmcil, and was for many 
3'-ears a member of the Board of 
Directors of the Summit County 
Agricultural Society, and one of its 
most active promoters. Mr. Van- 
sickle died January 4, 1888, aged 71 
years, 1 month and 24 days. 


"JIJIRAM VIELE, — was born in 
-•- -•- Pittstown. Rensselaer count)', 
N. Y., September 5, 1813 ; educated in 
common schools, working on his 
father's farm till 20 3'ears old, when 

he engaged as clerk in stove store in 
Rochester, two years later becoming- 
a partner in the business, which con- 
tinued five j^ears ; then, after one 
year's residence in Washington 
county, in Julj', 1842, came to A^krou, 
where he engaged in the Stone Mills, 
as book-keeper, afterwards becoming- 
manager, continuing-, with an inter- 
mission of two or three 3'ears, until 
August 1, 1871, when he opened a 
flour and feed store, where the Arcade 
block now stands, in which business 
he continued until his death, Jul}' 25,^ 
1874. October 17, 1838, Mr. Viele was 
married, to Miss Abbie M. McFar- 
land, a native of Salem, Washington 
countj', N. Y. Five children were 
born to them, three of whom, with 
their mother, are still living- — Henry 
C., nowtreasurer of the Citizens Sav- 
ings and Loan Association, in Akron, 
and Mary J. and Fannie G. Mr. 
Viele was a prominent member of 
Summit Lodge, No. 50, I. O. O. F., and 
a charter member and high official 
of Akron Encampment, No. 18, and 
also acceptably officiated as Deputy 
Grand Master of the State, and Grand 
Representative to the Grand Lodge 
of the United States. 


in Adams, Berkshire county, 
Mass,, October 4, 1811; common 
school education ; learned machin- 
ist's trade ; came to Akron in 1834, 
working- in carding- and spinning 
niachineworks of Aliens & McMillan, 
elsewhere written of; in 1838, with 
his brother John, leased the "Ohio 

Exchange" hotel, where the Woods ,, ^ 

block now stands, keeping- it about ,', '^■^ 

two j'ears ; in 1840, bought the woolen • ,- 

factorj-, corner Canal and Cherry , . , 

streets, successfully conducting it ^ _ ^'y ' ■ 

several years; soon, in addition, '^''-■-•. 

established a dry goods store, under '**, 'i • 7,''' j 

the firm name of j. Raymond & Co., **■■ 

on Howard street, which was de- 
stroyed bj'fire on the night of Decem- 
ber 27, 1849, also for manj- years . _ 
dealing- extensively in wool. May 16, I '*'" •A"" 
1840, Mr. Raymond was married, to ' f ' 
Miss Eliza A. Williams, daughter of ' ' " " 
Barnabas Williamw. and step-daugh- ■ ,' 
ter of Major Miner Spicer, pioneer ' ' 
settlers of Portage tow/iship, who WILLI \>[ (; rw^iovd 
bore him four children — William B., 
late treasurer of the Citizens' Savings 

and Loan Association of Akron, born months and 23 days. >Irs. Raymond 
April 5, 1841, died Jvine 10, 1888 ; John dying March (i, lS(j,"), Mr. R. was again 
Gilbert, born February 23, 1846, now married, to Mrs. Martha E. \"osburg, 
treasurer of The Diamond Drill and September 3, 1866. Mr. Raymond 
Tool Company of Akron ; Charlie, died April 9, 1870, aeed TiS jears, 6 
who died February 7, 1854, aged 3 months and 5 days, the second ?lrs. 
years and 5 days; and Grace, who R. dying October 12, 18iJ0, aged (),i 
died March 20, 1873, aged 10 years, 9 years, 1 month and 7 days. 

Justices of the Peace. — In an early day justices of the peace 
■were appointed by the Governor, and after the office became 
elective by the people, to the organization of the new count3^ of 
Summit, in 1840, the election returns had to be miade to the clerk 
of common pleas, at Ravenna, and cannot now be conveniently 
traced. Among the earliest, if not the earliest, justices of the 
peace in Portage township, was its earliest settler. Major Miner 
Spicer. Though perhaps not very -well up in legal learning, the 
Major -was possessed of good strong common sense, and his 
decisions were very seldom reversed by the higher courts. The 
Major, also had a decidedly original way of expressing his opin- 
ions, as witness the folio-wing incident: A dissolute fellow of 
the vicinity was brought before His Honor on the charge of 
stealing a hog. The "witnesses -were sworn and examined, but the 
evidence being a little obscure, the major, who, when especially in 
earnest, had a slight impediment in his speech, ordered the 
accused to stand up and in stentorian tones exclaimed: "T-t-there 
a-aint q-quite t-tes-testimony e-enough to c-convict you, but I 
b-believe y-you're g-guilty as a d-dog — g-git out of my house !" 

Elijah Mason, Esq., of Middlebury, was also one of the early 
justices of the rteighborhood. Mr. Wolsey Wells, Akron's first 
postmaster and canal collector, also officiated as justice of the 
peace ih the late twenties and early thirties, while Mr. Jacob 
Brown, at the South End, and Mr. John H. Cleveland, in " Cascade," 



were doiug magisterial duty in their respective localities on the 
arrival of the ^vriter in Akron, in 1835. 

Since that time the justices of the peace for Portage township, 
elected for the term of three years, have been as follows: 1836-39, 
Jacob Brown and Seneca L. Hand; 1837-40, Harvey H. Johnson; 
1839-42, Leander L. Howard; 1839-42, Ebenezer Martin; 1840-43, 
Harvey H. Johnson; 1842-45, William M. Dodge; 1842-45, Lewis P 
Buckley; 1843-46, Henr_v Converse and Jacob Brown; 1845-48, 
William M. Dodge; 1846^9, George Babcock; 1848-51, Joshua C. 
Berry; 1849-52, George Babcock and Noah M. Green; 1851-54, Abel 
B. Berry; 1852-55, Daniel B. Hadley and Noah M. Green; 1854-57, 
Joseph "F. Gilbert; 1855-58, John W. Stephens and Noah M. Green; 
1857-60, William L. Clarke; 1858-61, John W. Stephens and John L. 
Robertson; 1860, '61, Edward Allen (died in June, 1861); 1861-63, John 
W. Stephens (died in March, 1863); 1861-64, John Lugenbeel and 
William L. Clarke; 1863-66, Lewis M. Janes (died in July, 1865); 
1864-67, William L.Clarke; 1865-68, William M. Cunningham; 1867- 
70, William L. Clarke; 1868-71, Henry Purdy and William M. 
Cunningham; 1871-74, Henry Purdy and Florence Weber; 1873-76, 
Dudley Seward; 1874-77, Thomas C. Brandon and Thomas H. 
Goodwin; 1876-79, Dudley Seward; 1877-80, Henry Purdy and 
Thcjmas C. Brandon; 1879-82, Dudley Seward; 1880-83, Henry 
Purdy and Thomas C. Brandon; 1882-85, Peter J. Moersch; 1883-86, 
Henry Purdy; 1886-88, Alvin Rice; 1885-88, Peter J. Moersch; 1886- 
89, Henry Purdy (resigned February 22, 1888); 1888-91, Solomon 
Koplin, west precinct and Edwin P. Fouse east precinct, 1891-94, 
Solomon Koplin west precinct and Joseph M. Byerly east precinct. 

/':LE0RGE THOMAS,— born in Co- 
^J^ lunibiana Countj', O., March 112, 
1817 ; common school education ; 
learned tradeof carpenter and joiner ; 
■worked in Millersburg", Holmes Co., 
four years, coming- to Akron in 18M ; 
during- the war establishing himself 
in the building and lumber business, 
on the presenc site of the Thomas 
Lumber and Building Company'." 
work.s. -which he successfull}' carried 
on till his death, October 28, 1872, at 
the age of Tw years, 7 months, 16 daj^s. 
In 1840, Mr. Thomas -was married to 
Miss Jane Wilson, of Millersburg, 
-who bore him one son — Col. David 
W. Thomas, his successor in business 
and now president of the above 
named company. Mrs. Thomas d3'ing- 
in 1812, Mr. Thomas was again mar- 
ried, September 25, 1815, to Miss Mary 
Caldwell, of Akion, who bore him six 
children, three dying in infancy; of 
the three daughters living- to adult 
age, Carrie F., the first wife of Mr. 
Daniel A.James, dying- December 22, 
1S76; Eva 1.., married 'to Mr. William 
¥. Picton ; and Louisa J., the present 
Mrs. D. \. James. Mr. Thomas was 
active in all public affairs, foremost 
among- the earl}' firemen of the vil- 
lage ; a member of the village Coun- 
cil, 1857, '5S ; a member of the First 


Baptist Church of Akron, and of 
Akron Lodge No. 83, F. & A. M., the 
latter organization adopting appro- 
priate memorial resolutions on his 
death, and conducting- the funeral 
services. Mrs. Thomas died Novem- 
ber 4, 1883, aged 5() years. 



TAMES CHRISTY— born in Spring-- 
J field township, February i, 1820 ; 
worked on father's farm during 
minoritj-; attended district school, 
and from 16 to 19, a select school in 
Middleburj' ; at 20 taug-ht school two 
terms ; at 21, in connection with his 
brother-in-law. Mr. James Sawj'er. 
■established taunerj' on North Howard 
street, under the firm name of 
Christy & Sawyer, tog-ether with shoe 
manufactorj^ and store, continuing- 
until 1851 ; in 1852, formed partner- 
ship with his brother, John H., in 
1856, erecting- more commodious 
buildings, tlie partnership continu- 
ing until 1879. Mr. C. then associated 
with himself his two sons, James Jr. 
and William, under the firm name of 
James Christj^ & Sons, manufactur- 
ing leather, and dealing in leather, 
hides, furs and findings, making a 
speciality of harness leather, now 
■exclusively buying- and selling. 
Republican in politics, Mr. Christy 
has served five years in City Council 
—1864, '73, '74, '77, '78. In October, 
1849, Mr. Christy was married to Miss 
Janette Warner, of Akron, who has 
borne him six children— four of whom 
are no-w living — Alice, (now Mrs. 
John E. Metlin) ; James, William and 
Xettie, still at home. In 1850, Mr. 
Christy performed the overland jour- 
ney to California with ox-teams, the 
journey from Akron to Sacramento 
•occupying nearly five inonths. Re- 



maining about one year, part of the 
time in the mines, and part of the 
time in Sacramento, the home jour- 
nej' was made via the Isthmus of 
Panama, occupying nearly a month. 
Forty years later, on his 70th birth- 
day, he again visited the Pacific 
Coast, leisurely visiting every por- 
tion of California, Oregon, Washing- 
ton, Montana, Dakota, etc., the entire 
journey occupying less than tw^o 

Middlebury township: 1863-66, John Johnston and Harvey 
Baldwin; 1866, '72, '75, '80, '83, '86-89, Mansfield Sumner; 1867, '70, 
'73, '76, '79, '82, '85, '88, '89, Almon Brown; 1885-88, Louis D. Seward. 

Akron township: 1888-91, Alvin Rice; 1888-91, Peter H. 
Hoffman; 1889-92, William Anderson; 1890-93, Mansfield Sumner; 
1891-94, Ernest C. Housel. 

Portage Tovv.xship Assessors. — The duly elected assessors of 
the township, since and including 1841, have been as follows: 1841, 
Miner Spicer; 1842, '43, '44, Justus Gale; Col. Gale declining to 
serve this last year John H. Crawford was appointed in his place. 
1845, Albert G. Mallison; 1846, Nahum Fay; 1847, Joseph F. Gilbert; 
1848, John Sherbondy; 1849, Alfred R. Townsend; 1850, Nahum 
Fay; 1851, '52, George Howe; 1853, John Sherbondy; 1854, Nahum 
Fay; 1855, Nelson C. Hawkins; 1856, Ira Hawkins, with Samuel 
A. Lane, appointed by Auditor, as assistant: 1857, Alfred R. 
Townsend; 1858, Frank Adams; 1859, Alfred R. Townsend; 1860, 
Xahum Fay; 1861, '62, Jacob H. Wise; 1863, Nahum Fay;- 1864, 
Charles C. Hanscom; 1865, '66, Edward A. Barber; 1867, Homer C. 
Ayres; 1868, Augustus Curtiss; 1869, John G. Goble; 1870, '71, 
Aaron Teeple; 1872, Albert H. Mallison; 1873, George Miller; 1874, 
Albert H. Mallison; 1875, George Miller; 1876, Hiram Sherbondy; 
1S77, '78, '79, Randall McAllister; 1880, Joseph Schnee; 1881, Hiram 
Sherbondy; 1882, T. J. Wise; 1883, '84, George Botzum; 1885, John 
W. Frank; 1886, '87, Henry Norton; 1888, Charles T. Parks; 1889, 



east precinct, Joseph Schnee; west precinct, Charles S. Starks; 
1890, same; 1891,, east precinct, George Botzum; west precinct, 
Jason Bunker. 



Besides such county oflEicials as have herein been credited 
to the several townships from which they originally came, Akron 
(including Middlebury and Portage townships) has been repre- 
sented in county office as follows: 

County Commissioners. — Hiram Weston, December, 1851, to 
December, 1854; George Buell, December, 1861, to May, 1864; David 
E. Hill, December, 1863, to December, 1868; George D. Bates, May, 
1864 to December, 1864; John C. Hill, December, 1886, to December, 
1887; Henry Frederick, November, 1889, to present time. 

Prosecuting Attorneys. — William M. Dodge, April, 1840 to 
October, 1842; William S. C. Otis, 1844, to 1846;Sidnev Edgerton, 
1852 to 1856; Newell D. Tibbals, 1860 to 1864; Edwin P". Green, ad 
interim, Tvhile prosecutor Tibbals -was in the hundred day service 
in the army, in 1864; Henry C. Sanford, 1872 to 1874; James M. 
Poulson, 1874 to 1876; Edward W. Stuart, 1876 to 1880; Charles 
Baird, 1880 to 1884; Edwin F. Voris, appointed by court on death 
of Prosecutor John C. Means, May, 1886, to October, 1886; George 
W. Sieber, 1886 to present time. 

County Sheriffs. — Other than those named in the several 
townships, incumbents of the sheriff's office of Summit county 
have been as follows: William L. Clarke, 1848 to 18.52; 
Samuel A. Lane, November, 1856, to January, 1861, and January, 
1887, to January, 1881; James Burlison, 18S5 to 1869; William B. 
Gamble, 1885 to 1889; David R. Bunn, 1889 to 1893. 

JOHN COOK,— born in Bavaria, 
J Germany, April 18, 1818; educated 
in German schools, learning trade of 
stone mason; came to United States 
in 1839, settling- in Akron, finding- 
employment in ^tna Mill soon 
attaining to forenianship of packing- 
department; in 1850 went overland to 
California, engaging m the provision 
business, remaining two years, and 
returning via the Isthmus of 
Panama; in 18,55, started a grocery ou 
Market street in connection with the 
late Jacob Dussell, speedily building- 
up an extensive trade; later, on the 
retirement of Mr. Dussell, associat- 
ing with himself his two sons, John 
J., and William H., under the firm 
name of J. Cook & Sons, which title 
is still retained by the sons, Mr. 
Cook having died December 1, 1880. 
Mr. Cook and Miss Mary Bills, were 
married in Akron, October 17, 1843, 
their <first-born child, Francis, dj'ing 
at two years of age. Mr. Cook was 
raised in the Catholic faith and for 
several years after its organization 
was a trustee and liberal supporter 
of St. Vincent de Paul's Chtirch. 
Democratic in politics, though not 
a seeker after office, Mr. Cook was 


elected to Council of (he Incorporated 
Village of Akron, in 1858, serving- one 
term, his eldest son, John J. Cook, 
filling- that position in the Cit}- 
Council during the years 1876, '77. 
Mrs. Cook still survives. 



ALVIX RICE, ESQ.,- son of Eras- 
■i^ tus and Jerusha (Brown) Rice, 
was born in Albion, Erie Connty, 
Pa., Ma}' 2, 1822; educated in common 
schools and at Vienna, TrtimbuU 
Countj', Ohio, Academy; taught 
school three winters, meantime 
reading- law with H. H. Budd, Esq., 
in Sharon, Pa., passing- examination, 
but never admitted to Bar, then 
learned trade of moulder; working- 
for a time in Sharon, Pa., came to 
Akron, March 1, 1846, working- for 
Cobb & Farnam and later for the 
Akron Stove Co.; in 1860, in connec- 
tion with Messrs. James B. Taplin and 
Hobart Ford, established the firm of 
Taplin, Rice & Co., one of the pres- 
sent prosperous institutions of In- 
dustrial Akron. Mr. Rice -was mar- 
ried, September 3, 1848, to Miss Jane 
Mustill, of Akron, who has borne 
him seven children — Jerusha, de- 
ceased; Alvin, Jr., deceased; Lillie, 
deceased; Eva, still living^ at home; 
Ella, now wife of James M. Stafford, 
merchant tailor of Ann Arbor, Mich.; 
Frank, member of Akron Fire 
Department at Central Station, and 
Alvin, Jr., Shipping- Clerk for Taplin, 
Rice & Co. Mr. Rice was elected 
Recorder of the Incorporated Village 
of Akron, for the years 1860, 1862 and 


1863; and a member of the Board of 
Education for the years 1867 and 
1869; was elected justice of the 
peace for the Township of Akron, in 
188.'5 and re-elected in 1S88, which 
responsible position he ably filled 
until April 21, 1891--six years. 


JOHN MEMMER,— son of David and 
J Margaret (Arehart) Memmer, was 
born in Suffield; Portage county, 
June 14, 1839, raised on farm ; 
educated in township district school 
and in public schools and private 
school of Prof. Fitzg-erald in Cleve- 

land; clerked in grocery store three 
years, and in confectionery storetwo 
years, in Cleveland; March 1, 1861, 
came to Akron and established a 
confectionerj' store 137 Howard street, 
following that business seven and a 
half j'ears; in the first draft, October 
1, 1862, was drafted into the army, but 
having- no one -with -whom to leave 
his business furnished a substitute 
for three 5'ears; in 1868 established 
an in.surance agency in his present 
quarters, corner Main and Market 
streets, which for nearlj' a quarter of 
a centurj', he hasinanaged with emi- 
nent success. Mr. Memmer served 
as member of City Council, from the 
Second ward, for the years of 1871, '72 
and is now a director in the Akron 
Savings Bank. August 22, 1860, he 
was married to Miss Louisa Boyer, of 
Cleveland, who has borne him five 
children — Laura, born Septeinber 14, 
1861, died July 29, 1862; Nellie M, born 
February 14, 1863, died September 5, 
1871 ; Ida May, born May 4, 1867, now 
Mrs. Alexander W. Maynes of Akron; 
George W., born November 20, 1872, 
now engaged in the insurance busi- 
ness in Akron; and Ella Louisa, born 
September 19, 1877. 



-^ in Aug-usta, Oneida county, N. 
Y., September 10, 1808; came with par- 
ents to Ohio in 1812, settling in Coven- 
trj' ; education, in early district 
schools, limited ; learned carpenter's 
trade with father, but mostly follow- 
ed farming until 1818, when he turned 
his attention to mining, coal having" 
been discovered on his land; in 18.o0 
w^ent overland to California, return- 
ing home in 1851; has since been 
engaged in mining and shipping- 
coal, a stock company being formed 
in 1865, with a capital stock of $100,- 
■000, of which, under the name of the 
Brewster Coal Company, Mr. B. is 
president, and his two sons, Alfred 
A. and Austin K. are respectively, 
general agent, and secretary and 
treasurer, the company mining and 
handling between 200,000 and 300,000 
tons of coal, per year. January 9, 
1830, Mr. B. was married to Miss Mar- 
garet Ann Kinney, a native of 
Ontario county, N. Y., who came to 
Springfield in 1813, who bore him five 
children, four of whom survive — the 
two sons above named ; Louisa, now 
Mrs. J. F. Meacham, and Mary M. 
now Mrs. Russell H. Kent; all living 
in Akron. Mrs. B. dying in Novem- 
ber, 1854, Mr. B. in December, 1857, 
was again married, to Mrs. Minerva 


A. (Darrow) Brown, a native of Cuya- 
hoga county, who died June 27, 1873. 
In September, 1877, was again mar- 
ried, to Mrs. Lucy Jane Chamberlin, 
widow of the late John H. Charnber- 
berlin, and daughter of Col. Justus 
and Mrs. Sarah Gale, who settled in 
Akron in 1831. 


^ of Charles W. Brown, one of 
Akron's pioneer settlers, was borti in 
Middlebury, (now Akron's Sixth ward) 
October 23, 1828 ; educated in Akron 

public schools, finishing under 
Superintendent Leggett, in the Spring 
of 1848 ; April 1, 1850, was married to 
Miss Elizabeth D. Hickcox, of Akron,, 
who bore him one son — Charles H. 
now of Denver, Colorado ; raised a 
farmer, in 1855 went to Illinois where 
he reinained ten years, engaged in 
farming ; returning Ijo Akron, in the 
Fall of 1865, Mr. Brown entered the 
etnployment of the Middlebury Coal 
Co., as manager, which position he 
held 20 years. Mr. Brown repre- 
sented the Second ward in the City 
Council for the years 1880, '81, '82, '83, 
'84, and '85, resigning his seat on 
account of failing health, and going 
to Colorado, where, as agent for the 
Thomson-Houston Electric Co., he is 
still operating with headquarters at 
Denver. Capt. Brown for many years 
took a great interest in local mili- 
tary affairs, having been captain of 
Companj' A. Ninth (now Company 
B. Eighth) Regiment Ohio National 
Guard, from July 23, 1877 to Decem- 
ber 2, 1884, being a thorough disci- 
plinarian and in all respects a model 
officer. Mrs. Brown died suddenly 
of apoplexy, at Denver, April 20, 1891, 
aged 63 years. 



County Auditors.— Theron A. Noble, 1842 to 1848; Nathaniel 
W. Goodtiue, 1848 to 1852; Charles B. Bernard, 1854 to 1858; Sanford 
M. Burnham, 1863 to 1871; Edward Buckingham, 1872 to 1881; 
Charles \Y. F. Dick, the present incumbent, elected in 1886, and 
re-elected in 1889. 

^ youngest child of Noah and 
Mary (Stickels) Ingersoll, was born 
at Albion, Orleans Co., N. Y., October 
29, 1833 ; came to Copley, O., in 1836, 
and a few years later to Coventry ; 
educated in country district schools ; 
at 20 entered the emploj^ of Hiram 
Fuller, who kept a dry goods store, 
corner O'f Main and Exchange streets. 
November 10, 1859, Mr. Ingersoll was 
married to Miss Olive L. Root, 
daughter of the late Riley Root, of 
Coventrj', who has borne him two 
children — Frank Howard, born Sep- 
tember 11, 1860, and Hattie May, born 
March 5, 1868. After a short residence 
at Kent, Mr. Ingersoll accepted an 
appointment from the A. & G. W. 
Railwaj' Companj', as its first Pas- 
senger and Freight Agent at New 
Portage, acceptably filling" the posi- 
tion about three j'ears. In 1872, Mr. 
Ingersoll removed his family to 116 
St. Clair street, Akron, where he still 
resides. In politics, an active Repub- 
lican, in 1881, '82, Mr. Ingersoll repre- 
sented the Fifth ward in the City 
Council, serving upon some of its 
most important committees. In 1883, 


he opened a real estate and insur- 
ance office in Kaiser's block, South 
Main street, in ^vhich business he 
still continues. 


WILSON B. CANNON,— born in 
Streetsboro, Portage county, 
Ohio, March 19, 1839; educated in 
common schools and worked on 
father's farm till 19, when he entered 

a country store at a salarj' of $4.10 for 
three 3^ears' services ; then went to 
Indianapolis as cashier in a large 
store where he remained until 1868,. 
when he came to Akron, and with his 
brother-in-law, established the well- 
known crockery firm of Herrick & 
Cannon, with which he was connected 
ior over 20 3'ears. In Januarj', 1890,. 
assisted in organizing the Akron 
Silver Plate Company, now in suc- 
cessful operation, of which he is the 
8ecretar5' and treasurer. Mr. Cannon 
represented the First ward in the City 
Council two terms— 1885 to 1889— three 
years as its presiding officer ; was 
charter member, and for a number of 
years president, of Suminit Counts' 
Humane Society ; a prominent mem- 
ber of Akron Lodge, No. 547, I. O. O. 
F.; of the Akron Board of Trade and 
an active promoter of all the benevo- 
lent enterprises of the day. October 
29, 1865, Mr. Cannon was married to 
Miss Emerene Lacey, daughter of 
Isaac J. Lacey, one of the pioneer 
settlers of Aurora, three children 
having been born to them, one of 
whom— Helena May— is now living. 



PRANCIS A. WILCOX— son of Dr. 
-T Jeremiah C. Wilcox, born in 
Richfield, May 17, 1852 ; raised to farm 
life, in boj'hood attending' district 
school and Richfield Academj^, ''i.^ 
miles distant, in winter only; at 17 
commenced teaching- winters, later 
entering' Oberlin College, from 
whence he graduated in the classical 
course in 1878. He then read law 
with Hon. T. E. Burton of Cleveland, 
until March, 1879, when he became 
principal of the Glenville schools, 
Avhich position he acceptabl3' filled 
four years. In 1881, was elected mem- 
ber of Glenville Council and presi- 
dent of the Glenville Union Church 
Societ3^ In 1882, purchased of W. W. 
Warner of Akron, a half interest in 
abstract, real estate, loan and insur- 
ance business, and in February 1885, 
the remaining half-interest, the fol- 
lowing August associating with 
himself, his present partner, Mr. 
A. H. Noah. In 1885, was elected 
meinber of Cit}' Council, serving one 
term and declining a re-election ; is 
dn active member of the Board of 
Trade, and has aided in organizing 
the Selle Gear Company, the Akron 
Savings Bank, the Akron Wholesale 
GrocsTj Company, the Akron 
Building and Loan Association, the 
Altron Tool Co., the Loomis Motor 
Co., and the Canton and Zanesville 


Electric Street Railway Cos., in the 
first four of which he is director and 
of the last secretary ; is also pecun- 
iarilj- and officially connected with a 
large number o the other business 
enterprises of Akron and vicinity ; in 
religion a Congregationalist ; i n 
politics a Republican. 


TAMES H. CASE,— born in Middle- 
J bury, (now Akron Sixth Ward), 
December 23, 1844; educated in Mid- 
dlebury public schools, at 17 appren- 
ticed himself to the carriag'e-ironing- 
trade at Greenville, Penn., but before 

completing his apprenticeship re- 
turned home and entered the 
machine shop of Kent, Baldwin & 
Co., in Middlebury. In 1863 enlisted 
in the Second Ohio Cavalry, partici- 
pating in the battles of the Wilder- 
ness, Petersburg, Shenandoah, Cedar 
Creek, Winchester, Five Forks, and 
the surrender of Lee. After the 
grand review, at Washington, moved 
with the regiment to the West, 
remaining at Springfield, Mo., until 
September, 1865, when the regiment 
was mustered out at St. Louis. On 
his return home, he completed his 
trade at which he worked about 
four years, then worked in the Buck- 
nye Reaper and Mower Works, until 
1876, when he established himself in 
the drug btisiness in the Sixth ward, 
which he has since successfully car- 
ried on, also being' chemist for the 
Absolute Chemical Company, writ- 
ten of elsewhere; served as member of 
City Council two terms— 1865 to 1869. 
Januar}^ 1, 1872, was married to Miss 
Ella S. Farrar, of Akron, who bore 
hira one son — Charles F. Case, now 
a student in Buchtel College. April 
17, 1890, Mr. Case was again married, 



ROBERT L. ANDREW, born in 
Boston township, Summit Co., 
Ohio, Maj' 24, 1841; in boyhood 
attended common school and worked 
at the painter's trade with his father, 
froin 1857 to 1862 clerking- at Penin- 
sula and in Hudson; in June, 1862, 
enlisted in 8oth Regiment, O. V. I., 
serving four months and participat- 
ing in engageinents at Pr