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Full text of "Calendar of the state papers, relating to Ireland, of the reign of James I. 1603-1625. Preserved in Her Majesty's Public Record Office, and elsewhere"

The original of this book is in 
the Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 



http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924091770820 




3 1924 09 WTO 820 



DATE DUE 




ffi'NTEDINUS.A. 



PRINTED CALENDARS. 



The Editors of Calendars publislied under the direction 
of the Master of the E/olls are requested to confine 
any Prefatory Remarks they may consider necessary to 
prefix to their Volumes to an explanation of the Papers 
therein contained. 

(Signed) Romillt. 

13th June 1867. 



28740. a 



CALENDAR 



OF 



STATE P A P E E S, 



IRELAND, 



JAMES I. 



1606 — 1608. 



CALENDAR 



OP THE 



STATE PAPERS 



EELATING TO 



I E E L A N D, 

OP THE REIGN OF 

JAMES L 
1606-1608; 



PRESERVED IN 



HER MAJESTY'S PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE, AND ELSEWHERE. 



EDITED BY 

The Rev. C. W. RUSSELL, D.D., 

AND 

JOHN p. PRENDERGAST, Esq., Bakeister-at-Law, 

UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE MASTER OP THE ROLLS, AND WITH THE SANCTION OF 
HER majesty's SECRETARY OF STATE FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT. 



LONDON: 
LONGMAN & CO., Paternoster Row; TRXTBNER & CO., Ludgate Hill : 

ALSO BY 

PARKER & CO., OXFORD ; and MACMILLAN & CO., CAMBRIDGE ; 
A. & C. BLACK, EDINBURGH; and A. THOM, DUBLIN. 

1874. 



i VMVEHBiJY 
\ LIBRARY 



Printed by Geokgb E. Eyre and W. Spottiswoode, 
Her Majesty's Printers. 



CONTENTS OF THIS VOLUME. 



Page 
Prefack ----._--vii 

Calendar, 1606 to 1608 -----. 1 

Appendix : , . 

Reports from British Ambassadors and Agents abroad 

REGARDING THE FUGITIVE EaRLS OF TtRONE AND 

Tyrconnell ------ 623 

List of Papers in the Hatfield MSS. relating to 

Ireland ------- 671 

General Index - - - - - - - 675 



P H E F A C E. 



In tlie Preface of the first volume of this Calendar, so 
much space was devoted to the sources from which the 
State Papers relating to Ireland under James I. are 
derived, that we have found it necessary to reserve for 
this place the consideration of the contents of the State 
Papers themselves, and of their historical import and value. 
We propose, therefore, to devote the space now available 
to a review, not alone of the papers calendared in the 
present volume, but of the entire series of State Papers 
from the beginning of the reign of James I. 

It might seem that that monarch, at his accession to 
the crown, entered upon the government of Ireland with 
a sovereign authority entirely complete and unreserved. 
In the fall of Tyrone the last effort of rebellion had been 
crushed out. The title, JBacata Sibernia, which Stafford 
affixed to his history of the last war in Ireland under 
Elizabeth, was in this sense no exaggeration ; and, as if 
to render James's title and possession the more absolute 
and unquestioned, Tyrone's consent to the surrender of his 
independent territorial jurisdiction, the final act of submis- 
sion to the crown, although . it was actually given during 
the first days of James's reign, was given by Tyrone in 
ignorance of the death of Elizabeth, and addressed to her 
and not to the monarch actually reigning ; and it was in 






tc 

(t 



VUl PREFACE. 

all respects, except the formal and public submission, an 
accomplished fact before the proclamation of the acces- 
sion of the new sovereign in Ireland. By the public act 
of submission, made in virtue of this engagement, in 
presence of the Lord Deputy and Council at Dublin on 
the 8th of April, the Earl vowed himself a " loyal subject 
" of the King's person, crown, prerogative, and laws;" 

utterly renounced and abjured the name and title of 

O'Neale;" and promised to be " conformable and assis- 
" tant to the King's magistrates for the advancement 

of his service, and the peaceable government of the 

kingdom."^ 

Nevertheless, the jurisdiction in Ireland which devolved 
upon the new sovereign, was very far from presenting, 
whether as to the limits of territory, or as to the manner 
of its exercise, the conditions under which the royal 
authority has come to be recognised in later times j and 
very many of the papers calendared in these volumes 
would be in a great degree unintelligible if read in the 
light of modem notions. It will be necessary, therefore, 
to enter, as briefly as the nature of the subject will 
permit, into an explanation of the condition of Ireland 
at the close of the reign of Elizabeth. 

TERRITORIAL DIVISION, 

So far as regards mere geographical boundaries, the 
territorial division of the kingdom had almost reached the 
form which it retains to the present day. The division into 
counties, which had been commenced by King John, and 
had remained in the provinces of Leinster and Munster 
undeveloped for more than 300 years, had been pursued 
at intervals under Henry VIII. and his immediate succes- 

1 Calendar, vol. I., p. 13. 



PREFACE. iX 

sors. Of the twelve original shires erected by John, viz., 
Dublin, Kildare, Meath, Uriel or Louth, Carlow, Wexford, 
and Kilkenny in Leinster, and Waterford, Cork, Limerick, 
Kerry, and Tipperary in Munster ; — Meath had been di- 
vided in the 34th of Henry VIII. into two counties, East 
Meath and West Meath, with distinct sheriffs, coroners, and 
other officers. In the same year a proposal had been made 
to separate the O'Byrnes' Country, which had heretofore 
been included in the county of Dublin, and to constitute it 
as a distinct shire under the name of Wicklow, but no 
actual measure was taken for the purpose in this or either 
of the three succeeding reigns. In the third and fourth of 
Philip and Mary the territory of Leix, with the adjacent 
country on the south side of the Barrow, had been formed 
into a shire called the Queen's County, and Offaly with 
part of Grlenmalira lying on the north side, into the King's 
County; and in. the same Parliament power was given 
to the Lord Chancellor to authorise commissioners, who 
should be appointed by the chief governor for the time 
being, to pursue the work of division into counties ; — a 
power which was renewed by the 11th Elizabeth, chap. 9. 
In 1565 the Lord Deputy, Sir Henry Sidney, completed 
the division of Leinster by erecting Annaly into a county 
under the name of Longford ; and the same Lord Deputy 
divided Connaught into the counties of Galway, Sligo, 
Mayo, Roscommon, and Leitrim, together with Clare, 
although the last-named was afterwards annexed to Muns- 
ter on the petition of the Earl of Thomond in 1602. The 
last of the provinces reduced to shire- ground was Ulster. 
There is much uncertainty as to the time at which the 
counties of Down and Antrim were established. Of the 
former, although its ancient boundaries seem unknown, 
some mention occurs before the 20th of Edward II. The 
barony of Ardes formed a separate jurisdiction with its oAvn 



X. PREFACE. 

sheriffs ; and the barony of Lecale was from the earliest 
time reputed as forming an outlying portion of the so-called 
" English Pale," its communication with the central 
Pale, from which it was separated by the Irish country 
of the M*Cartans, M'Gennises, and M'Grilmores, being 
chiefly maintained by sea. It is certain, however, that 
the final constitution of Down and Antrim as counties, 
and the consolidation of the ancient jurisdiction of each, 
had taken place previous to the general division of Ulster 
into shires in 1584. In that year the Lord Deputy, Sir 
John Perrot, reduced the Irish territory of Ulster into 
seven counties, viz., Armagh, Monaghan, Tyrone, Oole- 
raine (afterwards called Londonderry), Donegal, Perma- 
nagh, and Oavan. 

GOVERNMENT AND ADMINISTRATION OF THE LAW. 

With the exception, therefore, of Wicklow, which down 
to the death of Queen Ehzabeth still remained included in 
the county of Dublin, the geographical division of shires 
may be said to have been completed throughout the four 
provinces at the accession of James I. But throughout 
a wide range of the kingdom, this division, so far as re- 
garded local administration and the direct and immediate 
exercise of the royal jurisdiction, was little more than 
nominal. Pom' several times had the submission of the 
chief tribes of the Irish been formally made to the 
English crown since the Invasion; — first to Henry II., 
secondly to John, thirdly to Eichard II., and lastly to Sir 
Anthony St. Leger in the 33rd year of Henry VIII. But 
notwithstanding these and the equally explicit submission 
of Tyrone which ushers in the Irish administration of 
James I., the practical authority of the English crown 
in great part of Ireland, might, at the accession of that 
monarch, be measured by the actual power possessed, in 



PREFACE. xi 

each instance, by tte King or his ofiS.cers, to enforce it by 
the sword. 

In order to understand the nature of the relations of the 
central government, as well to the Pale as to the Irish 
territory, which, although nominally divided into shires, 
was stiU practically " um^eformed," it will be necessary 
to review very briefly the various efforts towards the 
extension of the royal jurisdiction in Ireland which had 
been made by the predecessors of James I. 

At the beginning of the reign of Henry VIII., what is 
called the English Pale comprised the four shires, Dublin, 
Kildare, Meath, and Louth, in which alone judges, jus- 
tices, and sheriffs carried on the regular administration of 
the law. The boundary line, starting from Dundalk on 
the eastern coast, extended towards the south and west 
to Ardee, thence by Kells, Castletown-Delvin, Athboy 
and Trim, to Maynooth; thence, stiU southward, by 
Olane and the bank of the Liffey, to Ballymore-Eustace ; 
whence it returned, at the foot of the mountain range, 
to the sea, at Dalkey, about eight miles from Dublin. It 
is only within the narrow space enclosed by this line 
that the immediate exercise of the royal jmisdiction pre- 
vailed, that the royal writs were current, and the common 
law of England was in force. At the beginning of the 
sixteenth century, outside of this boundary line, with the 
exception of the cities and walled towns, whatever may 
have been the Kteral territorial denominations, all real, and 
especially all direct and immediate jurisdiction, was in 
the hands of a number of practically independent chiefs, 
native or of English descent, to whom the King's authority 
was formidable only when it was enforced by the sword, 
and who dispensed justice in their several territories; if 
they were EngHsh lords, according to the rules of their 
seigniories, and if Irish, according to the Brehon laws 
and usages of their septs. 



xii PEEFACE. 

The cities and walled towns were still considered for- 
tresses of English power. The Burgher forces were those 
most feared by the Irish.^ Yet in many towns English 
law was not administered under the King's writ. In 1468 
it was enacted that proclamation should he made in Par- 
liament for certain defendants possessed of lands, some 
in the county and some within the city of Kilkenny, 
claimed by one J. Fowling, to appear and surrender to 
the Marshal of the King's Bench at Michaelmas term, 
considering how " none of the said persons would answer 
" at the Common Law ; " and the Chief Justice was em- 
powered to try the cause as if the plaintiff had com- 
menced an action.^ In 1472 Nicholas Athy was empow- 
ered by Parliament to have his claim to a remainder under 
a marriage settlement of messuages in Galway heard 
in the Common Pleas (as if commenced by writ), "for- 
" asmuch as the King's law is not used in the town 
" of Galway, nor is there any fine to have remedy by 
" the Common Law." ^ And on the petition of Germyn 
Lynch, who was sued in Galway *' according to' the 
" Imperial law called the Civil law," and judgment given 
against him by the Sovereign of Galway, the Sovereign 
was required to appear in the King's Bench at Dublin 
with the record and all the proofs, and the court was 
empowered by special statute to hear and decide the 
appeal.'' And, in like manner, the corporation of Li- 
merick were empowered to hold sessions of jail delivery, 



1 State Papers, Hen. VIII., vol. II., p. 101. 

2 8 Edw. IV. c. 62.— Unpublished Statutes. 

3 1 1 & 1 2 Edward IV. c. 86. — lb. A similar judgment for Cork is 
found in the 44 Hen. III. — lb. 

* 16 & 17 Edward IV. c. 5. lb. A similar judgment, dated 4 January 
1470, is set forth at great length ; and the commissioners who gave the 
judgment to appear in the Common Pleas, with the record and proofs. — 
11 & 12 Edw. IV. c. 56., unpublished. 



PREFACE. xiii 

" inasmuch as no commissioners of the King cometh to 
" do execution of the law." ^ 

KING'S SUBJECTS, ENGLISH REBELS, AND IRISH 

ENEMIES. 

An exceedingly interesting and valuable paper printed 
in the State Papers of Henry VIII.^ contains a detailed 
account of the chieftains of either race with their respec- 
tive territories, as they stood in the early part of that 
reign. It purports to show the state of "all the nohle 
" folke of Irelande, as well of the Kinge's subjectes and 
" Englyshe rebelles as of Iryshe enemyes ; " and a brief 
summary of it will contribute much to the understanding 
of the numberless references to them, their countries, and 
their septs and famihes, which occur in the correspond- 
ence of James I.'s reign. 

This curious and interesting document divides the 
" noble folke of the Kinge's lande of Irelande " into three 
distinctly marked classes, the " Kinge's subjectes," the 
" Englyshe rebelles," and the " Iryshe enymyes." 

" The King's subjects " were not merely those dwelling 
in the Pale, but inhabitants of districts, such as the counties 
of Kilkenny, Tipperary, and others, governed by Lords of 
Liberties under powers originally derived from the Crown, 
though the King's name was little heard of, and there 
was no sheriff or justices. These were still considered as 
under the King, and were lands within the King's Peace, 
answering hostings against the Irish. The Marches or 
March lands were those parts of English territory where 
the Irish had regained their footing and dwelt intermixed 
with the descendants of the early Enghsh settlers, in such 
strength and numbers that the name of English law was 
unknown. The English here used March law, a mixture 

r 

1 28 Hen. 6. c. 39 Unpublished Statutes. 3 YqI. h.^ pp. i_3i. 



xiv PREFACE. 

of English and Brehon law.^ The western and southern 
parts of Dublin, since formed into the county of "Wick- 
low, were called the Marches of the county of Dublin, 
which included Harold's Country. Sheriffs and collectors 
were exonerated from going into this country, a suburb of 
Dublin, by 10 Edward IV. c. 12. The western half of 
Louth, since become part of Monaghan, and the western 
half of Meath, since made "West Meath, were likewise 
March countries. 

Opposed to the *' King's subjects " were the " English 
" rebels " and the " Irish enemies." 

The " English rebels" were English, like the Bourkes of 
Galway and Mayo, who for ages had obeyed no hostings 
or other commands of the King. The " Irish enemies " 
were all Irish who had not received charters of English 
Hberty or letters of denization. The Irish were denied 
English law, and used Brehon law. The King's lieges 
were under the King's laws, either immediately, as subject 
to the authorities directly appointed by the Crown, or 
mediately, as obeying EngHsh Barons or Earls Palatine, 
like the Earls of Desmond or Ormond, or the Lords 
Barry, E-oche, or Courcy. Eor at all times, even when 
the King's regular administration of the law was confined 
to the four counties adjacent to Dublin, the English 
Barons held then' courts baron and courts leet, and the 
Palatines, their courts of high jurisdiction. In 1411 the 
Earl of Desmond levied the profits of his assizes held 
before William Eitzgerald, his seneschal, at Tralee, as 
regularly as did the King in his courts at Dublin.^ And 
the Venetian ambassador in 1529, while he describes the 

1 As early as 25 Edw. III. there is an enactment against the use 
between English of Brehon law and the law of the Marches, which they 
have been accustomed to employ. — Unpublished Statutes. 

2 Precept of the Earl of Desmond, enrolled 32 & 33 Hen. VIII. Mor- 
rin's Calendar, p. 75. 



PREFACE. XV 

Earl of Desmond as a "Prince," with "dominions," 
" subjects," and " vassals," says " he keeps better jus- 
" tice throughout his dominions than any other chief 
*' in Ireland. Kobbers and homicides find no mercy, 
" and are executed out of hand. His people are in 
" high order and discipline."^ 

The " Ejing's lieges " under his own immediate and 
regular jurisdiction were in Henry VIII. 's reign contained 
within the Enghsh Pale ; for there only, for a long course 
of time, did the King's judges and sheriffs administer the 
English law. 

The origin of the English Pale, and even the name 
itself, is of a date long subsequent to the Conquest. 
Up to the end of Henry III.'s reign, English law seems 
to have been administered regularly to the King's English 
subjects throughout the greater part of Ireland. The 
justices in eyre, or justices itinerant, sat in his day 
"in Gildhalla de Cork " to deliver the jail and try 
''recognitions" or assizes of land, for which ejectments 
became the substitute. 

There was no " Enghsh Pale " heard of or thought of 
then. But insurrections of English, as well as Irish and 
civil wars, at length stopped the journeys of the judges 
over the bridge of the Barrow; and jail deliveries and 
assizes by the King's judges were restricted to the foiu: 
counties of Dublin, Kildare, Louth, and Meath. 

This district was therefore called by the name of "tbe 
" Pour Obedient Counties," and also " the English Pale." 
These names, though constantly used in State Papers, 
never have appeared in any legal document ; and in 
State Papers tbe terms, it would seem, are not of a 
very ancient date. 

1 Earls of Kiidare, by the Marquis of Kildare, vol. II., p. 36. 
2. I) 



XVI PREFACE. 

The three classes being thus generally described, the 
return proceeds to name in detail the several families 
belonging to each. 

Of the first class, the King's subjects, scarcely any 
detailed notice is taken. Of the other two the chiefs of 
Irish race formed the large majority, those enumerated 
in the document being in the proportion of 58 to 31 of 
English race. 

The Irish chiefs are described as holding about 60 
" country es, called regyons, some as by gge as a shyre, and 
" some a lytyll less ; " calling themselves by various titles, 
'' lyving onely by the swerde;" "obeying to no other 
" temporall person but only to himself that is strong ; " 
and " making vrarre and peace for themselves." They 
were distributed in various proportions' over the provinces, 
viz., nine in Ulster, 10 in Leinster, 21 in Munster (viz., 
nine in Desmond and 12 in Thomond), 15 in Connaught, 
and three in the western division of (then undivided) 
Meath. 

The " Englyshe rebelles " are named to the number 
of 31 ; 16 in Munster, seven in Connaught, four in Ulster, 
and four in West Meath. 

Erom this descriptive enumeration we learn that the 
district in which "the Kinge's lawes" were obeyed was 
narrowed at the period in question to half the county of 
Uryell (Louth) half Meath, half Dublin, half Kildare, 
and half "Wexford, while the counties " Waterford, Cork, 
" Kilkenny, Limerick, and Kerry," " the countye of 
" Conaught, the countye of Wolster (Ulster) " (neither 
of these provinces having as yet been made shire- ground), 
" the countye of Charlagh " (Carlow) " and half the coun- 
" ties of Uryle, Meath, Dublyn, Kyldare, and Wexford " 
are stated not to " obey the Kinge's lawes " and to have 
" neyther justyce, neyther shyryffs, under the King. ' 



PREFACE. xvii 

The broad outlines of the distribution of "Irish ene- 
" mies " and " English rebels '* over the four provinces 
are sufficiently familiar. The details regarding Ulster will 
more naturally find a place in the next volume. It is 
enough here to say that the suzerainty of that province, 
which had been assigned to John De Courcy, and, on his 
death without male issue, passed in succession to the De 
Lacies and the De Burgos, had been recovered by the 
great princes O'Neill and O'Donnell, and the minor chiefs, 
O'Oahan, O'Dogherty, Maguire, M'Mahon, and others, and 
was now entirely in their hands. 

The other provinces presented a more varied aspect. 

In Connaught, and in those western districts of Leinster 
which lay between the Shannon and the Pale, the Irish 
element was represented by a number of septs, of whom 
the O'Connors, O'llom'kes, O'CarroUs, O'Mores, OTerralls, 
O'Melaghlins, and O'MoUoys were the principal. But in 
Connaught it was balanced, if not over-mastered, by the 
Anglo-Norman De Burghos, the two branches of which, 
M'William Eighter of Clanricard of the county of Galway 
and M'William Oughter of Mayo, stiU held possession of 
the seats in which they had been originally established. 

Over the entire of Munster and the southern and south- 
eastern districts of Leinster the great body of the common 
people were of Irish race ; and, notwithstanding the whole- 
sale territorial allotments to the- first Anglo-Norman adven- 
turers by whom the nominal conquest of Ireland had been 
effected, the native chiefs had retained or had recovered 
their ground against almost all ; — the pre-eminent excep- 
tions being the northern branch of the Geraldiues of 
Kildare ; the house of the Desmond Geraldines, who held 
sway in great part of Limerick, Cork, and Kerry; and 
the Butlers of Ormond. Side by side with the Geraldines 
of Desmond and all around them, were scattered, in 

h 2 



xviii PEEFACE. 

Desmond the native cLieftains McCarthy, O'Sullivan, 
O'Donogboe, O'Connor, and O'DriscoU, and in Thomond 
the O'Briens, O'Kennedys, O'Meaghers, and O'Loghlins. 
In a broad belt along the southern borders of the Pale 
counties, extending widely upon either side, lay the 
Kildare Geraldines ; between whom and their southern 
kinsmen of Desmond were interposed their hereditary 
rivals, the Butlers of Ormond, with their multiplied 
alliances of blood and kindred. The Ormond Butlers, 
however, are omitted in this return in enumerating the 
*' English rebels ; '' — the house of Ormond being pre- 
eminently the representative of the English interest in 
Ireland, and the head of the class designated in this State 
paper as " the Kinge's subjectes." Not so their kinsman 
Sir Piers Butler. He, with the allied branches of Butlers 
in the county of Kilkenny and Eethard, is ranked among 
the English great rebels of Leinster and Munster. 

In the territory subject to the King's law, the common 
people for the most part were of Irish birth, of Irish habit, 
and of Irish language," while, in the " unreformed " 
counties, even the English were of " Irish habit, Irish lan- 
" guage, and Irish conditions, except the cities and walled 
" towns." The English of these countries, it is alleged, 
" would be right glad to obey the King's law, if the King 
" woulU defend them from the Irish enemies ;" but failing 
this defence, they, too, are driven " to live by the sword, 
" after the manner of the Irish enemies." 

And it is to the impossibility of the State's affording this 
protection to the loyal subjects who desu'ed to obey the 
King's law, that we trace the origin of the weU-known 
usage of " black mail," or black rent, — a yearly " trybute 
" to the wylde Iryshe " as the price of immunity from 
molestation. Erom a curious table given by the writer 
of this paper, we learn not merely that such black 



PREFACE. xix 

mail was paid to the Irish chiefs by individual English 
subjects, but that it was a recognised item of State 
expenditure, paid by the King's of&cers and entered as 
a regular charge in the public account. The barony of 
Locale in Down paid 40^. yearly, either to the captain 
of Claneboy or to O'Neill, " whether of them be the 
" strongest." Oriel paid a similar amount to " the greate 
" O'Neill ;" Meath paid yearly 300Z., and Kildare 201. to 
O'Connor ; Wexford paid 40?. to M'Murrough ; Kilkenny 
and Tipperary 40Z. to O'Carroll ; Limerick the same sum 
to the great O'Brien, and an equals amount to O'Brien of 
Arra ; and Cork paid a similar tribute to Cormac M'Teyge. 
There is even a formal entry in the name of " the Kinge's 
" Excheker " of a payment of 80 marks to M'Murrough ; 
and the total yearly amount of tribute thus paid from 
various public sources was 740/. 

However wide, therefore, was the grasp of the^King's law 
in Ireland, and however comprehensive the range within 
which it claimed obedience, the reality of its bmding force 
was confined within the narrow limits described in this 
paper. It is true that Sir Edward Poynings had passed 
an Act declaring that every EngHsh statute was to be held 
as of force in Ireland ; had directed that the summons to 
Parliament should go to all the shires of Ireland and not 
to the four shires only ; and had actually declared null and 
void for this sole cause the Acts of a Parliament recently 
held by the Viscount Gormanston. But these and several 
similar enactments of Poynings remained a dead letter, ex- 
cept within the immediate jurisdiction of the Lord Deputy. 
A statute of the 13th Henry VIII. ch. 3. expressly recites 
that at that time the King's laws were obeyed and exe- 
cuted in the four shires only.^ Sir John Davys quotes 



1 Hist. Tracts, p. 177. 



XX PREFACE. 

from the Gouncil Book of Ireland of tlie 16th Henry YIII. 
the instructions to John Allen, Master of the Eolls, to 
the same effect. He recites an Irish proverb, that they 
" dwell by west the law which dwell beyond the river 
" Barrow," ^ which is within 30 miles of Dublin ; and the 
same is attested by Baron Knglas iu his Discourse on the 
Decay of Ireland.^ 

The direct jurisdiction of the Crown in Ireland, more- 
over, had from the earliest times been much embarrassed 
by the independent palatine jurisdiction of the great 
English lords who had received grants of territory at the 
Invasion, or subsequently. There were at one .time no 
fewer than eight counties palatine in Ireland, five in 
Leinster, one in Meath, one in Ulster, and one in Kerry 
and Desmond. All these dated as far back as the reign of 
John. The liberty of Tipperary which was enjoyed by the 
Earls of Ormond, was granted to the Butlers in the third 
year of Edward III. These great lords, in virtue of their 
palatine authority, claimed to create barons and knights, 
held courts in criminal, civil, and fiscal causes, and ap- 
pointed their own sheriffs, coroners, judges, and other 
ofiB-cers ; so that throughout more than two-thirds of the 
strictly English country, the King's writs did not run, and 
the jurisdiction of the Crown was practically unrecognised. 

To complicate still further the confusion of authority 
which resulted, we find that in each of these several coun- 
ties palatine there were certain districts called Crocewy or 
"cross-lands," being church or monastery lands which 
were exempt from the lord palatine's rule, and in which a 
double jurisdiction, each independent of him, prevailed — 
one of the bishop or abbot, the other of the Crown ; so that 
in the cross lands were commonly found co-existent two 



I Hist. Tracts, p. 177. ^ In Harris's Hihernica, p. 102. 



PREFACE. xxi 

sets of officers, sheriffs, coroners, &c., one appointed by the 
church and the other by the Crown. Such were the 
" cross " of Tipperary, of Kilkenny, of Ulster, of Eerns, of 
Navan, of Oarlow, of Wexford, of Kerry, of Meath, and 
several others.^ 

Practically, howeyer, most of these separate jurisdic- 
tions had been resumed by the Crown or had come into 
disuse. The only " Liberty " distinctly recognised at the 
accession of James I. was that of Tipperary, which was 
enjoyed by the Earls of Ormond. That powerful family 
still held palatine jurisdiction in Tipperary, and appointed 
their own officers ; except in the " Cross," in which the 
sheriff and coroners were still named by the Crown. 

THE COTJETS OF PRESIDENCY. 

The proposal for the establishment of one or more 
local governments in the provinces appears to have been 
seriously entertained in the last years of Henry YIII. *, 
but it is in the beginning of Edward VI.'s reign that it 
took the definite shape of a Presidentship. A letter of 
Matthew King to Sir Greorge Wyse, September 5, 1548, 
among the Irish State Papers, mentions a report that Sir 
Erancis Bryan was actually to be appointed President 
of Munster.^ On the 15th of the following January 
Walter Cowley ^ proposes to the Lord Deputy Bellingham 
that Presidents should be appointed in all three pro- 
vinces, Munster, Connaught, and Ulster ; and although 
nothing was then done, the recommendation is repeated 
in almost every State paper on Ireland drawn up during 
this and the following reigns. Thomas Walsh, in a report 
on the state of Ireland, December 30, 1552,* urges the 



1 See Harris's Ware's Antiquities of Ireland, pp. 31-32. 

2 Calendar, vol. I., p. 87 (1548). ^ ib., p. lOQ. 4 i^ p. 129. 



xxii PREFACE. 

appointment of a president and council for Munster. Sir 
Th-omas Cusake, the Lord Chancellor of Ireland, in his 
" Book sent to the Duke of Northumberland on the state 
" of Ireland/' May 8, 1553, " points out the advantages 
" of establishing presidents in Munster, Connaught, and 
" Ulster as a means, by God's grace, of making all Ire- 
" land without great force be obedient." ^ But the 
proposal seemed for the time impracticable, and during 
the reign of Mary the only indication of a serious inten- 
tion regarding it is found in one of the instructions to 
St. Leger in October 1553, to "think of a council for 
" Munster." ^ 

Very early, however, in Elizabeth's reign the proposal 
was resumed. In Sussex's project, " as well for the 
" ordering of Ulster as the government of the whole 
" realm, after Shane O'Neile shall be expulsed," ^ it holds 
a prominent place. " To levy the Queen's rights and 
" to see all orders kept, it will be needful," he says, 
" to build a strong tower at Armawghe, and to con- 
" tinue there a martial president of England birth, a 
*' justice and council, with 100 English horsemen, 300 
" English footmen, 200 gallowglasse, and 200 kerne on 
" continual pay, that the President may be always the 
" strongest man in Ulster. He must also have the 
'' ordering of all the other forces in Ulster, which 
" belong by prerogative to the Crown, by inheritance to 
" the Earldom of Ulster, or by usurpation to O'Nele." 
In a paper of Sir Henry Sidney, written September 15, 
1565, the scheme of a president and council for Muns- 
ter is referred to, and in the following year, Eebruary 1, 
1565-6, we find a draft of instructions for the govern- 



1 Carew Papers, vol. I., p. 246. 2 Calendar, vol. I., p. 132. 

3 Carew Papers, vol. I., p. 332. 



PREFACE. xxill 

ment, togetlier with an estimate of the charges of the 
President and Council.^ 

The title recites the limits of the territory included 
"within the jurisdiction of the Presidency Court, viz., the 
counties of Waterford, Tipperary, Limerick, Kerry, and 
Cork, and in the countries of Thomond, Desmond, and 
Ormond. 

The following is a summary of this important paper, 
which has never been printed : — 

" The Lord Deputy and Council, lamenting the misery suffered by 
the inhabitants of the countries above-written through the insolent 
acts and outrageous oppressions daily committed by the disordered 
men of force of those parts, and considering that the same can by no 
means so speedily be done by any other means, as by planting good 
justices with authority and force continually to reside in the said 
countries ; and knowing the approved wisdom and experience of 

John Pollard, 
Sir Warham Sentleger, Knt., have appointed him to be Lord Pre- 
sident of a Council to be placed in the parts above-written, with 
authority to call together such Council at all times when he shall 
think convenient, to do such things for the advancement of jus- 
tice and repression and punishment of offenders, and malefactors, 
as by the advice of such of the Council as shall be present with 
him he shall think meet. 

" And the Lord Deputy and Council have elected the following 
persons to be her Grace's councillors joined in the said Council 
with the said Lord President in the province, counties, and coun- 
tries above rehearsed, videlt., the most reverend Father in God 
[ 2 ], Archbishop of Cashel, the Right Hon. the Earl of Ormond 
and of Ossory, Lord Treasurer of Ireland, the Right Hon. Garrett 
Earl of Desmonde, the Right Hon. Connor Earl of Tomond, Donald 
Earl of Glancarre, the Right Reverend Fathers the Bishops of 
Waterford, Cork, and Limerick, and Robert Cusack and Nicholas 
White, Esquires; — Owen Moore, Gent,, to execute the office of Clerk 
of the Signet and Council. 

" The Lord Deputy and Council ordain that Robert Cusack, 
Nicholas White, and Owen Moore shall give their continual attend - 

1 Calendar, vol. I., p. 287. ^ The see was vacant at this date. 



y' 



xxiv PREFACE. 

ance at the Council, and shall not depart at any time without the 
special license of the Lord President, likewise A.B,, who shall be the 
Clerk of the Council and the Signet, shall make the like attendance 
upon the Lord President. 

" Moreover, with Her Majesty's assent, they have appointed that 
the Lord President shall have, in consideration for wages and enter- 
tainment, 13s. 4id. by the day for himself, and the choice, leading, 
and entertainment for 80 horsemen at 9d. per diem, 20 footmen at 
8d. per diem, and 2s. per diem for a petty captain, 12d. per diem 
for a trumpeter, and 12d, per diem for a standard bearer, I2d. per 
diem for a surgeon, all to be taken out of the Queen's Majesty's 
ordinary garrison now resident in Ireland. 

'' Robert Cusack and Nicholas White and either of them, shall 
have yearly for their stipends 1001. the piece, and Owen Moore 
201., to be paid quarterly by the treasure-at-war or vice-treasurer 
of Ireland. 

" Item, for the further reputation and honour of the office, 
the Lord President shaU appoint some one discreet and comely 
personage who shaU continually attend upon him as serjeant-at- 
arms, and shaU bear before him the mace of the Queen's Majesty's 
arms, in such manner as the serjeant-at-arms doth bear the mace 
before, or attend upon the Lord Chancellor in England and the 
Lord President in Wales ; which serjeant may at all times be sent 
by the said Lord President and Council for the apprehending and 
and bringing in of any disobedient or contemptuous person, with 
suitable fees and allowances. 

" The Lord President shall not, without the special license of 
the Lord Deputy and Council for the time being, remain out of 
the counties and countries abovesaid at any one time above the 
space of four days. 

" The said Lord President and Council shall monthly advertise 
the Lord Deputy and Council here of the state of the country 
within their commission, or oftener if they shall see cause. 

" The Lord Deputy and Council have thought good that the 
Lord President and Council aforesaid, or two of them at the least, 
whereof the Lord President to be one, shall have jurisdiction to 
hear and determine by their discretions, all manner of complaints 
and petitions, as well within the supposed liberties of the counties 
of Tipperary and Kerry as within the liberties of any city or 
town corporate within the limits first above written, concerning 
as well the title of lands, as all personal real and mixed actions, 



PREFACE. XXV 

causes, and matters, civil or criminal, exhibited unto them by any- 
poor persons not able to sue or defend after the course of the 
common laws, or by any like to be oppressed by the power or 
affinity of the parties adversary ; and to examine, hear, and deter- 
mine the same actions, causes, and matters ; as well by depositions 
and examinations of witnesses, as by aU other kind of proofs and 
other good means by their discretions ; and they shall take into 
their audience, rule, and determination by their discretions, all 
causes of suits and other variances and debates of what kind soever 
they be, depending or growing, in any of the counties and coun- 
tries aforesaid, in case they shall consider that by occasion thereof 
the Queen's Majesty's peace may be disturbed, or that justice be 
omitted and not duly executed. 

" The said Lord President and Council, together with such 
other commissioners as the Lord Deputy and Council shall appoint, 
shall, by letters patent under the great seal of this realm of Ire- 
land, have commission, power, and authority, of oyer and de- 
terminer and gaol delivery, in as large and ample manner as any 
such commission or authority is granted to any commissioners 
for that purpose within the realms of England or Ireland ; and to 
execute the martial law and to prosecute and repress any rebel 
or rebels with fire and sword. And if any castle, pile, or house 
be kept with force against them, to bring before it any of the 
Queen's ordnance and great artiUery, and with the same to batter, 
mine, and overthrow the same, charging all Her Majesty's sub- 
jects to aid and assist the said Lord President and Council, 
according as they shall be by them commanded. 

" And if any complain to the said Lord President and Council, 
and if they shall think their complaints worthy the hearing, the 
person so complained upon shall be sent for by a letter missive 
under the Queen's signet to appear at a day and place appointed ; 
and for lack of appearance they shall send forth letters of alle- 
giance, proclamations, or any other processes, to be directed by 
their discretions, to the sheriff, constable, or other minister, and in 
case of obstinacy to sequester his lands or goods. And further, 
if any person dwelling or having lands within the limits of the 
commission shall go out of the limits of the said commission, 
their letters missive signed under the Queen's signet shall be deli- 
vered at his house or lands, and the copies of the same shall 
be left there ; and in default of appearance within a time to be 
limited, the Lord President and Council shall proceed to the 



XXVi PREFACE. 

hearing and determining of the matter in variance, according to 
the law or otherwise, at their discretions. 

"And they may punish contempts of their process by fine or 
imprisonment ; and, in case of resistance, may send such persons to 
the Lord Deputy in ward, together with certificate of the contempt 
and disobedience, or commit them to ward until the pleasure of the 
Lord Deputy and Council be known, or until they submit to the 
decree and determination of the said Lord President and Council. 

" And it shall be lawful for the said Lord President and Council 
to conceive and make proclamations in Her Highness's name tend- 
ing to the better order of Her Grace's subjects within the precinct 
of their commission, and the repressing of malefactors and misdoers 
in such form as they shall think fit, and to punish the offenders 
there by their discretions, so the same be not repugnant to the 
common laws and statutes of the realm. Also to compound for 
fines, and to cause all letters missive of the Lord Deputy and 
aU process of the Queen's courts to be duly served and obeyed." 

Authority to examine by torture in cases of " vehement 
" suspicion and presumption of any great offence against 
" the Queen's Majesty," is given by an express clause. 

" Also, it shall be lawful for the said Lord President and Council, 
after examination and, in cases necessary, upon vehement suspicion 
and presumption of any great offence in any party committed 
against the Queen's Majesty, to put the same party so suspected to 
tortures, as they shall think convenient and as the cause shall 
require ; and also to respite judgment of death upon any person 
convicted or attainted before him and that Council for any treason, 
murder, or any other felony, or after judgment given, to stay exe- 
cution until such time as he shall certify the Lord Deputy and 
Council of his doings and consideration of the same, and receive 
answer thereof from them ; provided always, that the same certi- 
ficate be made to the Lord Deputy and Council within the space of 
20 days after any such attainder. 

" And to punish perjury by fine, imprisonment, wearing of papers, 
or standing on the pillory, as by their discretion shall seem meet." 

The "Instructions" are very urgent on the subject of 

religion. 

" Also, in any great assembly to be made before them, the 
Lord President and Council are to persuade the people, by all good 



PEEFACE. XXVii 

means and ways, and especially by their own examples, to embrace 
and follow the order and service of the Church established in the 
realm by Parliament or otherwise, and earnestly to call upon and 
admonish all bishops and ordinaries within the precinct of their 
commission diligently to do the same. Also, to call upon the 
bishops severely to proceed, according to the censure of the 
Church, against all notorious adulterers, and such as, without 
lawful divorce, have two wives or leave their wives, or whilst 
their lawful wife liveth, marry with another, and to execute the 
sentence pronounced by the bishop or ordinary upon such offender. 

" The Lord President and Council shall also examine the decay 
of all parish churches, and proceed to the enforcing of such as 
ought to repair them, and to the severe punishment of any that 
shall spoil, rob, or deface any church, according to the laws or their 
discretions. They shall also assist and defend all archbishops and 
bishops and all other ecclesiastical ministers in the ministry of their 
function, and in the quiet possessing of their lands, rents, services, 
and hereditaments. 

" Also, the said Lord President shall have and retain one preacher, 
chaplain, or minister, that shall or can preach and read the homilies, 
who shall be allowed his diets in the household of the said Lord 
President, and shall be accounted of the number of his horsemen, 
and receive entertainment accordingly. 

" Also, the said Lord President and Council shall and may assess 
and tax costs and damages, as well to the plaintiff as to the de- 
fendant, and shall award executions for their doings, decrees, and 
orders, and shall punish the breakers of the same being parties 
thereunto, by their discretions. 

" Also, the said Lord President and Council shall, immediately 
upon their repair to some convenient place, where they mean to 
reside, within the limits of their commission, appoint three or four 
honest and sufficient men to be clerks or attorneys to that Council 
for the making of bills, answers, and processes for all manner of 
suitors, and some trusty persons to examine witnesses between party 
and party ; and shall take order that no excessive fees be taken, but 
that their fees be assessed by the Lord President and Council, and 
the same fairly written upon a table and fixed in some public place 
where the same may be seen and understood of all suitors. And 
the clerk of the said Council for the time being shall diligently 
execute the charge of register of the orders, decrees, and pro- 
ceedings of the court, without any further expenses to be sustained 



XXViii PREFACE. 

by Her Majesty's subjects for entries of Acts and orders than 
shall be specially directed unto him by the said Lord President. 

" Also there shall be appointed at the nomination of the Lord 
President, a clerk and receiver of the fines, who shall keep a book 
of all such fines as shall be taxed upon any person ; — the fine 
to be always entered by the hand of the Lord President : and the 
Lord President and two of the Council with him, shall have full 
power to send out process for any person upon whom any fine shall 
be so cessed, and to receive all such fines ; and in every Michael- 
mas term shall make a true and perfect account thereof before 
the barons and other officers of the Queen's Majesty's Exchequer, 
Provided always, that the said Lord President and Council may 
employ the said fines upon their necessary and reasonable riding 
charges, reward of messengers, and for repairing the Queen's castles 
and houses, and in building or re-edifying of gaols in each county 
within the precincts of the commission, and also furnishing of neces- 
sary utensils, only for the household. 

" Also there shall be a signet graven with the Queen Majesty's 
arms under a crown imperial, which always shall remain in the 
custody of the clerk of the signet, who shall sign with the same 
all processes which shall be sent from the said Lord President and 
Council. 

" Also there shall be a continual household kept within the pre- 
cinct and limits of the commission in such place as shall seem most 
convenient to the Lord President ; all servants necessary for which 
household shall be at the nomination of the said Lord President ; 
in which house each Councillor bound to continual attendance 
and attending shall be allowed to have three servants, and the 
clerk of that Council one, and every other Councillor, being either 
sent for or coming for any needful business for the Queen or 
country, shaU be allowed during his abode there one servant ; and 
for the more honourable maintenance of the said household there 
shall be allowed unto the said Lord President and Council after 
the rate of 14?. by the week, only to be employed upon the table ; 
the charges of the said household to be received half-yearly, at the 
hands of the Vice-Treasurer and general receiver of the Queen's 
Majesty's revenues of this realm. And the said Lord President 
shall nominate a steward or clerk of the household, who shall 
weekly write and sum the charges thereof, and shall present to 
the said Lord President and Council to be considered weekly, and 
at the year's end. The same, totally summed and signed, being 



PREFACE. xxix 

allowed by the said Lord President and two of the Council, and 
shall be delivered to the officers of the Queen's Majesty's Exchequer 
to remain record thereof. 

" The Lord President shall minister unto every Councillor in 
that commission, being not already sworn of Her Highness's 
Council in Ireland, as well the oath provided in the statute for 
the swearing of officers, as also this hereafter mentioned. (The oath 
of a Privy Councillor, with the necessary changes.) 

" Item,^ considering the Queen hath title and right to no small 
quantity of possessions within Mounster, as well of the ancient 
revenues of this Crown and of other seignories devolved to the 
Crown, as also of the dissolved monasteries and other houses of 
religion, which are not duly answered to Her Majesty, the said 
Lord President and Council shall from time to time employ their 
labours to procure that Her Majesty's officers or firmars appointed 
for that purpose may peaceably and fuUy from time to time possess 
and recover the profits of the same." 

But notwithstanding the minuteness of tliese prepara- 
tions for tlie measure, the history of the first steps ac- 
tually taken in the matter is very obscure. On the 
one hand we find, by a letter of Sir N. Bagnall to 
Leicester, February 1666, that Sir Warhame Sentleger 
had been appointed President of Munster,^ and an allow- 
ance for him is referred to in Cecil's letter to Sidney, 
March 27.^ On the other hand the measure for a con- 
siderable time continues to be spoken of as a project only. 
The truth appears to be that Sentleger's appointment was 
but an experiment. In the original draft of the Instruc- 
tions for the Government of Munster, designed for the 
new President, it is left doubtful whether his name or that 
of Sir John Pollard was to be inserted. The Queen in a 
letter to Sidney, March 28, 1566, expresses objections to 
him/ and the same objections are strongly reasserted in 



1 Added in Cecirs hand. ^ Calendar, vol. I., p. 289. 

3 lb., p. 293. ^ lb., p. 293. 



XXX PREFACE. 

a Remembrance for Sir Erancis Knollys, dated April 18. 
The trial ended in his recall after a few months, on 
December 12, 1566.^ 

Meanwhile, however, the Lord Deputy and Council in 
a letter to the Privy Council, April 13, 1566, had re- 
newed the recommendation of a president and council 
for Connaught;^ and the advance of the scheme as a 
whole towards maturity, is indicated by a proposal to 
establish presidency courts also in Connaught and Ulster, 
contained in a *' Memorial for Ireland " drawn up by 
Cecil himself,^ dated April 24, 1568, and in a " Remem- 
" brance of Lord Deputy Sydney," addressed to the Queen 
on the 27th of the following June.^ Already we meet 
anticipations as to the good effects to be expected from 
the office. Sir Peter Carew, November 2, 1568, writes 
to the Privy Council that " the j)lan for president will 
*' greatly advance good government," and that Eynnye 
O'Driscon [Plorence O'Driscol] and others, whose ances- 
tors never came to any Deputy, are come in of their 
own accord, on report of a President's coming into the 
West.^ On the 16tli of the same month we find Sir John 
Pollard named by Carew in his letter to Cecil as Presi- 
dent of Munster, with Mr. Peryam as a member of the 
Council f and on the 28th Pebruary 1569, Cecil writes to 
Sidney that he is ready to despatch Sir John Pollard and 
Mr. Peryam for Munster, and Sir Edward Pytton and Mr. 
Rokeby for Connaught.' Sir John Pollard's appointment 
for Munster was even less satisfactory than that of Sir 
"Warhame Sentleger. The amount of his entertainment 
had been fixed, and on 10th March we find it proposed 

1 Calendar, vol. I., Sidney to Cecil, p. 321. ^ i^,,, p. 295. 

3 lb., p. 376. 4 ib.^ p, 380. 

5 lb., p. 392. . 6 lb., p. 395. 
7 lb., p. 402. 



PREFACE. XXXI 

to assign the revenues of the parsonage of Dungarvan for 
the support of his charge -} but he was in bad health, 
and after several delays in setting out for his government, 
he was finally discharged of office April 12, 1570. 

Sir Edward Pitton's career as President of Connaught 
was more adventurous, but left hardly more trace behind. 
More fortunate than Pollard, he was able to repair to his 
government; but after a few months, during which he 
was obliged to exchange the judicial functions which he 
had hitherto exercised for those of a military commander, 
and in which he was driven almost to distraction by 
the want of money and of supplies, he wrote to the 
Privy Council, October 29, 1571, "praying to be re- 
" lieved of an office, the duties of which were merely 
" to have to speak the Queen's enemies fair, to give 
" his friends leave to bribe the rebels for their own 
" safety, and to see the people spoiled before his face." 

With Sir John Perrot, who succeeded Pollard, the 
real history of the Presidency of Munster begins. The 
particulars of Perrot's government, in which chivalrous 
romance is strangely alternated with ruthless cruelty, 
would be out of place here. In a peaceful time he 
might have been an able governor and an energetic 
administrator; but his career as President of Munster 
lay in the field and not in the council-room, and its 
history is the history of a war and not of an adminis- 
tration. The same is true of his successor, Sir William 
Drury, who may almost be said to have died in arms. On 
his death, under Sir Nicholas Malby, and still more under 
the Earl of Ormond, the chief command in Munster 
ceased for a time to bear even the name of a civil 
government ; and although Sir John Norreys held his 



1 Calendar, vol. J., p. 404. 
2. 



XXXii PREFACE. 

oflS.ce under the name of President from 16S4i to 1597, 
and though his brother. Captain Thomas Norreys, had 
the title of Vice-President during the absence of Sir 
John in the wars of the Low Countries, the state of 
affairs under both was in truth very little different 
from that under their predecessors. On Sir John Nor- 
reys' death, in 1597, it was thought expedient to put 
the government in commission ; — the commissioners being 
his brother Sir Thomas ; the Bishops of Cork and 
Limerick ; Saxey and Gould, the first and second jus- 
tices of the province; George Thornton, the Provost 
Marshal ; George Barclay, and Hugh Cuffe ; nor was 
the oflSce of President re-established till the memorable 
appointment, January 27, 1600, of Sir George Carew, 
who continued in office till the accession of James 1: 
Just before EKzabeth's death he had, with great difficulty, 
obtained permission to come to England. 

But Carew's successes in Munster had done much to 
establish the authority of the Crown in that province. 
The office of president became more of a reality under 
him ; and although on his withdrawal to England Sir 
Charles Wilmot and Sir George Thornton were appointed 
commissioners for the government of Munster, their com- 
mission was only temporary. Sir Henry Brouncker was 
appointed to succeed Sir G. Carew. In his hands the 
presidency became but too active an institution for the 
peace of the province ; and the early papers of this 
Calendar are filled with complaints of his arbitrary and 
injudicious intermeddling in affairs of religion. 

The forms of government in Connaught during the 
same period were even more unsettled than in Munster. 
Sir Edward Eitton was followed in succession by Sir 
Nicholas Malby and She Bichard Bingham. The former 
is designated in more than one of the State papers of 



PREFACE. xsxiii 

the time by the significant title of ** the Colonel ; " 
Bingham, by that of " Governor;" as is also Sir Oonyers 
Clifford, who was sworn into office in January 1597, 
And during all these years it may truly be said that 
the duties of the governor were purely those of a general 
in an enemy's country. 

AUTHOEITY OF THE LOED LIEUTENANT OR DEPUTY, 
AND OF THE PRESIDENTS. 

In order to understand the bearing of the State Papers 
which relate to the reign of James I., it is necessary to 
bear in mind these particulars regarding the condition of 
the several provinces. In the midst of a population thus 
diversified the royal authority was represented, in the 
general government by the Lord Lieutenant or Lord 
Deputy, and in those of the provinces by the Lord Presi- 
dents and Provincial Councils. 

The Lord Lieutenant or Deputy was, in virtue of his 
commission, Lord Lieutenant and Commander-in-Chief 
of the Army in Ireland. He was to govern according 
to the laws of the kingdom the King's English and Irish 
Heges; to make orders for the better government of 
Ireland with the assent of the Council, and issue procla- 
mations thereupon; to punish, with like assent, those 
that should contravene them, or to receive them into the 
King's peace ; and to pardon those suing for the King's 
pardon; to levy war against traitors and rebels, and to 
seize their lands and to lease them at reasonable rents to 
others, who would serve the King ; and to pardon con- 
victed criminals. 

He had likewise by his commission the appointment to 
all the offices of the kingdom to hold during pleasure, 
excepting, however, the offices of Chancellor, Treasurer, 
Sub-Treasurer, the Justices of both Benches, the Chief 

c 2 



XXxly PREFACE. 

Baron, Master of the EoUs, Treasurer at "Wars, Master of 
the Ordnance, Presidents of Mnnster and Oonnanght, 
Attorney and Solicitor General, and a few others. He 
had all appointments in the Church, those of Archbishops 
and Bishops only excepted. 

It was a matter of special favour granted only to the 
highest and most truste'd, to have the power of appoint- 
ing a Deputy to be the King's Deputy in his absence. 

Besides these powers, he was also President of the Court 
of Castle Chamber or Star Chamber, as it was indifferently 
called. 

The President of Munster was assisted, and in some 
degree controlled, by his Council, which was appointed by 
the Crown. The Establishment of the Presidency as finally 
settled, consisted, besides the President and Council, of a 
Chief and Second Justice, an Attorney- General, Clerk of 
the Council, and Keeper of the Signet, Provost Marshal, 
Serjeant-at-Arms, Examiner, Collector of the Pines and 
Forfeitures, gentlemen porters to attend the President, and 
Commissaries of the Victuals. 

The Presidency Court and Council for Connaught were 
established at the same time as those for Munster, and 
were in all respects similar. 

The Councils of these presidencies were named by the 
Lord Lieutenant or Lord Deputy, while the Lord Lieu- 
tenant's Council was named by the King. 

Their courts could hear and determine pleas of land, 
debts, and other civil causes in a summary way. It is 
clear, from the Instructions of 1565-6, that the civil bill ^ 
jurisdiction arose from these courts. After their abolition, 
in the reign of Charles 11. , the judges on their circuits 



1 Sir John Davys actually uses the phrase " civil bill " in his account of 
the Midsummer assizes at Wexford in 1606. — Calendar, vol. IT., p. 16, 



PREFACE. XXXV 

continued the practice, which was found so heneficial, that 
the courts of civil bill, presided over by the assistant 
barristers, were erected to perpetuate this jurisdiction. 

The presidents of Munster and Connaught seem to have 
been little interfered with by the Lord Lieutenant or Lord 
Deputy in matters within their provincial jurisdiction. 
When Sir Hemy Brouncker proceeded to put the penal 
laws in force with a severity that was deemed inexpedient, 
it was the King's Privy Council and not Sir Arthur 
Chichester that interfered.^ 

The records of the proceedings of both these presi- 
dencies have been lost, and the history of Ireland has 
suffered much from the loss ; for we are thus deprived of 
the knowledge of the course of government in Munster 
and Connaught in matters of daily life. The records of 
the Munster Presidency were destroyed during the re- 
bellion of 1641. E;Oger Boyle, Earl of Orrery, who, at 
the Bestoration, was made President of Munster for life, 
as a reward for his aid in restoring the monarchy, writes 
as follows to the Earl of Clarendon, Lord Chancellor of 
England, on the 27th of April 1663. 

" During the late rebellion all the records and ancient orders 
and rules of the Presidency Court of this province have been lost 
or embezzled. It has cost the two justices, the council of this pro- 
vince, and your servant no small trouble to set down new rules and 
orders both for the chancery and common law proceedings, which 
yet we have this day effected and made exactly conformable to 
those in England and in the courts at Dublin." " 

The records of this court during Orrery's presidency, 
until it was finally abolished about the year 1668, have 
likewise perished ; as well as all those of the Presidency 
of Connaught both before and since the Bestoration. 

1 Calendar, vol. II., p. 138. 

2 Orrery to Clarendon, April 27, 1663, Clarendon Papers, Bodlekn 
Library, Oxford. 



XXXvi PREFACE. 

THE IRISH ESTABLISHMENT, 1603-1608. 

Such was, in its main outline, tlie administrative and 
executive systems of the King's government in Ireland 
at the accession of the new Sovereign. 

Por the better understanding of the correspondence 
comprised in these volumes, and extending from March 
24, 1603, to July 1608, we think it desirable to enu- 
merate very briefly in this place, the holders of the 
most important of these offices during that period ; 
especially those who appear most prominently, either as 
parties in the correspondence or as actors in the events 
recorded therein. Eor the present we must be content 
with a bare mention of the names. We hope on a 
future occasion to give some account of the lives and 
characters of the men of this critical period in the 
history of Ireland. 

The General Government. 

The head of the King's government in Ireland from 
the commencement of the reign of James I. was Charles 
Blount, Lord Mountjoy. The proceedings relating to his 
first appointment as Lord Deputy and Lord Lieutenant, of 
his retirement to England in May 1603, and his advance- 
ment to the Earldom of Devonshire, have been already 
noticed ; ^ as also the appointment of Sir George Carey 
as King's Deputy during the Lord Lieutenant's absence. 
Sir George held office till the 24th Eebruary 1605, when 
he handed over the sword to Sir Arthur Chichester. 
The latter, although like his predecessor, in name merely 
the King's Deputy during the life of the Earl of De- 
vonshire, was virtually the head of the Government, by 



^ Calendar, vol. I., p. cxi. 



PREFACE. XXXVll 

reason of Devonsliire's constant residence at the Court 
in England, and he became so literally on the Earl's death 
in 1606. 

Sir Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Dublin, was Lord 
Chancellor, but he had been already more than 30 
years in oflB.ce at the King's accession. He was pro- 
bably nearly past work, and his name does not appear 
to any of the resolutions of the Council Board, though 
he and Thomas Jones, Bishop of Meath, addressed a 
despatch early in his reign to the King, urging him 
not to tolerate any other religion than the established 
religion. On his death, on 5th April 1605, he was suc- 
ceeded, both in his bishopric and chancellorship, by 
Jones, which posts Jones occupied till his death in 1619. 

Sir Geoffrey Eenton and Sir Bichard Cooke were joint- 
Secretaries of State, with the keeping of the King's 
privy seal. Sir William Ussher was Clerk of the Council. 
These were ahnost eoc-officio of the Council. Of the 
lawyers. Sir James Ley, made Lord Chief Justice of 
the King's Bench shortly after the King's accession, 
and sent over from England, was almost constantly 
present at the Council Board untU called back to England 
in 1608, when his successor, Sir Humphrey Wynche, sent 
over from England in 1606, was equally diligent. Sir 
Antony St. Leger, Master of the Bolls, long versed in 
the affairs of Ireland, was able to give his whole time 
to the aflfe/irs of State, the ofl&ce not being yet a judicial 
one. Sir Nicholas Walshe, Chief Justice of the Common 
Pleas, of Irish birth and extraction, formerly Chief 
Justice of Munster, was occasionally present. 

The army (and all but the churchmen and lawyers 
were of the army) furnished the largest number of 
statesmen. The Earl of Thomond, Commander of the 
Eorces in Thomond, was of great authority ; but his 



xxxviii PREFACE. . 

duties kept him much in the Province of Munster. 
Sir Bichard Wingfield, Marshal of the Army, an old 
soldier and commander of Queen Elizaheth's day, was of 
great consideration. Sir Thomas Hidgeway, Treasurer 
at "Wars, was much regarded, and rendered himself 
eminent hy the rapidity with which he followed Sir John 
O'Doherty and subdued his outbreak in 1609. He was 
afterwards made Earl of Londonderry in memory of his 
recovery of Derry, which had been surprised and burnt 
down by O'Doherty and his forces. Sir Oliver St. John, 
Master of the Ordnance, seems to have been Chichester's 
most trusted counsellor. He succeeded him many years 
later in the of&ce of Lord Deputy. 

The Provincial Presidencies. 

The above were the principal statesmen at the chief seat 
of government, but Munster and Connaught were en- 
trusted to the Presidents of those provinces and their 
Councils. Sir Henry Brouncker was appointed President 
of Munster in succession to Sir George Carew, called 
over to England by the King on his accession, and the 
proceedings of his government have supplied the chief 
subject of this preface. He died in 1607, and was suc- 
ceeded by Henry, Lord Danvers. Sir Dominic Sarsfield, 
of Irish birth, was Chief Justice of Munster, and of the 
Council of that Province. Robert Marshall was made 
Second Justice, and was succeeded in 1607 by Henry 
Gosnold. Sir Richard Boyle was Clerk of the Council 
and keeper of the King's signet. These were the chief 
names in the Munster Presidency. 

The Earl of Clanrickard was made President of 
Connaught in 1604i ; but he seems to have left the 
ungracious task of fining and imprisoning the recusants, 
for not obeying the mandates to attend the service of 



PREFACE. xxxix 

the Established Church, to Sir Eobert Eemington, the 
Vice-President. Thomas Dillon was Chief Justice. 
Geoffry Osbaldeston, Second Justice of the Common 
Pleas, succeeded him as Chief Justice of Connaught in 
1607. Robert Dillon was Second Justice of that Pro- 
vince. Robert Pitcairne was made Clerk of the Council 
of Connaught in 1603. Captain Charles Coote was 
Provost Marshal. The Council books of both these Pro- 
vinces having been lost, there remain but very few 
traces of their proceedings. 

Military Commands. 

Scarcely second in importance to the civil government 
in these troubled times was the military establishment 
of Ireland, and especially the staff connected with the 
forts and garrisons, with which the country was thickly 
studded, and in whose hands the liberties, and, owing 
to the prevalence of martial law, the lives, of the people 
may be said to have been placed. It will be seen that 
a large proportion of the writers of the letters, reports, 
and other documents contained in these volumes are 
the military officers of the forts and garrisons. 

The principal fortresses in the four provinces were — 
in Leinster, Maryborough, with Sir Henry Power for 
Constable, and 16 men to protect and form a head for 
the plantation of the Queen's county; Leighlin, on the 
Barrow, with Henry Pisher for Constable, to guard the 
bridge, for many ages the great passage into Munster ; — ■ 
whence came the proverb which Sir John Davys has 
made memorable, that " they that lived by west of the 
'* Barrow lived west of the law." Duncannon fort, built 
in Queen EKzabeth's day, with Sir Laurence Esmonde for 
Constable, was in the Waterford river, at the mouth of the 
Nore, the Barrow, and the Suir ; it commanded the access 



Xl PREFACE. 

to twelve towns from the sea. The forts of lesser import- 
ance in Leinster were those of Wicklow, Wexford, Car- 
new, and Kinshelagh. Of the forts of Munster, Limerick 
was in charge of Sir Erancis Barkley. Among the 
plans of forts in the collection at Trinity College, derived 
through Samuel Molyneux from his ancestor, Samuel 
Molyneux, clerk of the works to Queen Elizabeth 
and James I., may be seen Sir Francis's pencil plans 
of improvement of the fort of Limerick. Haleboline, 
intended to guard the Cork river, was in charge of Sir 
Erancis Slingsby as Constable; and Castle Park, which 
guarded the entrance to Kinsale, was commanded by 
Captain Skipwith. Dungarvan and Castlemaigne were 
the only other forts in Munster. In Connaught, Athlone 
and SHgo were the most important forts. The Earl of 
Clanricard was Constable of Athlone, and Sir James 
Eullerton of Sligo. 

There were others of less importance, as Carrick-on- 
Shannon, Abbey Boyle, Borrishoole, [ and a fort in the 
Curlew mountains. 

Ulster, as the last subdued province of Ireland, was full 
of forts in James I.'s day. 

The outmost town of the English Pale, towards Ulster, 
was Dundalk. There all military expeditions assembled, 
and thence marched into Ulster. 

They either proceeded through the level barony of 
Cooley to Carlingford, where lay a garrison, in the ancient 
Castle of King John (in King James I.'s day under the 
command of Sir Marmaduke Whitchurch, Constable of 
Carlingford), and thence along the southern shore of the 
Lough to Newry, called the Key of Ulster; or they 
marched through the Moyry pass (truly the Gate of 
Ulster) and Eews mountains, exactly the Hue of the 
present railroad. 



PREFACE. xli 

This pass was encumbered witli wood, and considered 
most dangerous. But Lord Mountjoy cut down tlie wood 
and built tbe Moyry Eort, which is still standing, and may 
be seen on a height a little to the west of the railroad. 
Captain Anthony Smith, with twelve men, was Constable 
of the Moyry Port. Six or seven miles further north was 
Mount Norris, or Fort Norris, built in Queen Elizabeth's 
day, and named after Sir John Norris, of which Captain 
Henry Atherton, with ten men, was Constable. 

Its purpose is at present scarcely perceptible, but it lay 
in that day on the west side of a great lake and bog, and 
was the road to the north. LoughgiLly hill, a mile to the 
east, formed the opposite shore, but all the intervening 
space is now dry and is traversed by the railroad to Ar- 
magh. Around Loughgilly may be seen to this day the re- 
mains of Hugh O'Neil's earthworks, called Tyrone's Ditches. 
The forces, English and Irish, were here face to face. 

Proceeding northward Lough Neagh is reached, sur- 
rounded by forts, of which Carrickfergus was the head. 

The oldest fort in Ulster is Carrickfergus, built iii the 
days of De Courcy, and never out of the possession of 
the English. Sir Arthur Chichester was Governor ; Cap- 
tain Eaithful Eortescue was Constable of the Castle, and 
John Dalway, Constable of the Palace. 

All the forts round Lough Neagh looked for support to 
Carrickfergus. These were ; — in the north, the fort of 
Toom, which guarded the only passage across the lower 
Ban into Antrim, of which Sir Thomas Phillips was Con- 
stable ; on the east of the lake near the town of Antrim, 
Eort Massareen, where a flotilla of boats was kept, under 
the command of Captain George Trevillian ; on the west, 
Eort Mountjoy, built by Lord Mountjoy, to be an aid to 
Charlemont Eort, as supplies for the latter might be sent 
from Carrickfergus to Massareen, and thence carried across 



Xlii PREFACE. 

the lake to Mountjoy, easily reached from Oharlemont. 
Charlemontj built also by Lord Mountjoy, to command 
the passage towards Tyrone and Donegal, was under the 
command of Sir Toby Canlfield. 

As Charlemont opened the way to Dungannon, the 
chief seat of O'Neil, by the front, Derry and Bally shannon 
were built in Queen Elizabeth's reign, to be at his back, 
to prevent his retreat into the wilds of Donegal. Derry, 
'* which first opened a gap into the bowels of the north," 
was a mere fort before it became the site of the metropolis 
of the Ulster plantation. Sir Henry Docwra was Con- 
stable of Derry, but sold the post to Sir George Paulet, 
who lost his life and the place, to Sir John O'Doherty. 
Culmore was a dependent fort, under the command, after 
O'Doherty' s suppression, of Sir Arthur Chichester. Sir 
Henry Eolliott was Constable of Ballyshannon. 

Another important post was Enniskillen. Of this Cap- 
tain William Cole was Constable, with a flotilla of boats 
for service on Lough Erne. The other forts of Ulster were 
Cloughoughter and Ballinecargy, in Cavan ; Omagh and 
Dungannon, in Tyrone ; Donegal and Doe Castle, in 
Donegal ; Inishlaughlin and Dungiven, in Derry ; and 
Green Castle, in Down, on the northern shore of Lough 
Carlingford, corresponding with Carlingford on the south. 

There were other posts and garrisons, as the different 
companies of foot and horse lay dispersed over the country, 
under the command of their several captains, the regi- 
mental system being not yet known; but the detail of 
these would be too tedious. 

Having premised so much as to the actual condition of 
Ireland and its government, general and provincial, at the 
date at which our Calendar commences, we proceed to 
notice very briefly the principal transactions which are 



PREFACE. xliii 

recorded in its pages. The story of the period, as told 
therein, will be found to clear up many things which 
heretofore were but imperfectly understood, and to fill up 
much that hitherto was known but in outline. 

SUBMISSION OF THE IRISH CHIEFS TO JAMES I. 

The first days of the new reign appeared sufficiently 
promising. The submission of O'Neill seemed to be the 
last step in the subjugation of the native race, and his ex- 
ample was speedily and generally followed. On the 10th 
of April, Bryan O'E/Ourke, protesting that he " had always 
" sued for the late Queen's mercy to her officers. Sir 
'' William Eitz- Williams, Sir Eichard Bingham, and 
" others, who continually denied him thereof," prays Lord 
Mountjoy to " receive him into His [now] Majesty's 
" mercy ;" promising that " he will perform any oath 
" he may be joined unto." ^ O'SuUivan Beare " prays 
" the King to let him taste the sweetness of his gracious 
" favour in pardoning his former misdemeanors."^ The 
Lord Deputy, in his letter to Cecil, April 25,^ writes that 
" Ulster, where at his first coming he found not one 
" man in subjection, has not now one in rebellion." 
The " M'Gwires, MacMahownes, O'Eileys, and all the 
" men of the Lords of the North, continue in obedience." 
In Connaught " all is quiet except O'Eoorke's country, 
" who is already reduced to fly, as a woodkeme, from 
" place to place, with not above some three score men." 
His brother, the legitimate O'Eoorke, (" this man being a 
" bastard"), is with Mountjoy in Dublin. On the follow- 
ing day Mountjoy writes to the Privy Council that " the 
" proclamation of His Majesty has been received with 
" applause, even in the countries of the submittees, to 
" which number almost all the late rebels are now re- 

1 Calendar, vol. I., p. 15. ^ n,,^ p, 4g^ 3 n,^^ p^ 24. 



xliv PREFACE. 

" ceived, except a few;"^ that in Leinster, there "was 
" not a Moore or a Connor to he heard of;" that "the 
" Byrnes, the O'Tooles, the Kavanaughts, and all the rest, 
" continued good subjects," and that " scarce in all Lein- 
" ster was there as much as a rebel or a thief stirring." ^ 

EISING OF THE MUNSTER TOWNS. 

But a drawback was soon found on this apparent tran- 
quillity. On receiving news of Elizabeth's death, all or 
most of the towns in Munster, although faithful during the 
rebellion, " with some insoleilce, set up the public exer- 
" cise of the Mass." ^ This episode of the history will be 
found related in the Calendar with several new details. 

The plea put forward at a later time for this bold pro- 
ceeding of the towns was, partly that a report had gone 
abroad in Ireland that the new King, in reverence for 
his mother's memory, meant to tolerate the exercise of 
the Catholic worship ; partly, as it would appear, that the 
coercive measm^es of the late Queen in Ireland were held 
to have expired with her, so that it was now no longer 
unlawful to practise the Catholic religion, unless the 
prohibition should be renewed under the new sovereign. 

Mountjoy's great fear was that the malcontents had been 
acting " under intelligence with Spain." Of the prevalence 
of this apprehension both in Ireland and in England during 
the crisis of James I.'s accession, these papers furnish 
abundant and curious evidence. Intelligences from the 
peninsula as to the numbers, movements, and favour at 
court of the Irish refugees in Spain ; examinations of mer- 
chants and seamen from "the Groyne" [Corunna], from 
" Bilbo," from " Gizion " * [Gijon] ; intercepted letters of 

1 Calendar, vol. I., p. 27. ^ Jb.^ p. 25. 

3 lb., p. 25. 4 lb., pp. 2, 3, 6, 7, 10. 



PREFACE. xlv 

friars and " seminaries ;" and other similar soiirces of 
information, were curiously scanned, in order to discover 
the sentiments of the King of Spain and the Archduke, 
the expected strength of Irish troops or of Spanish 
auxiliaries, and the supplies in money, arms, and muni- 
tions, which might be reckoned on from Spain by an 
insurgent party in Ireland. 

This movement " for setting up the Mass " seemed for- 
midable at first ; but it was queUed in person by Mount- 
joy, whose proceeding against the city of Waterford and 
conflict with Doctor White, the Jesuit, as recounted by 
himself and by his gentleman usher, Humphrey May, 
present a cmious medley of polemics and strategy, of a 
tone not unlike that which pervades the Cromwellian State 
Papers and Despatches.^ 

Erom Waterford he proceeded to Cork, where he forced 
the mayor to receive within the city a garrison of 1,000 
men. It is not easy to understand the special ground 
which the citizens of Cork put forward in justification of 
their resistance. It was something distinct from the 
common religious grievance, being in part founded upon a 
privilege which they claimed for the city as to the hold- 
ing of the fort ; and it is also plain that some questions 
were raised at Cork as to James's right of succession to 
the throne. It was only a shadow of an excuse to allege 
that they shut their gates " to restrain the recourse of 
" the distrusted Irish, "^ or of Sir Charles Wilmot's 
soldiers, many of them mere Irish, " who had often 
" threatened that they would ransack the city, and dis- 
" pose of the townsmen's wives and goods according to 
" their pleasure."^ When Sir George Thornton claimed 
the custodv of the fort of Halebowling for " the King's " 



1 lb., pp. 32-36, 39. ^ Mayor of Cork to Cecil, Calendar, vol. I., p. 55. 

3 lb. 



a 



a 



<i 



Xlvi PREFACE. 

forces, the Eecorder at once demanded : " "What King ? " 
And when Thornton replied : " the King of England that 
" now is, which is James, King of Scotland;"— the E^e- 
corder answered that " they knew no King, but would 
" hold it for the Crown of England;" adding that "if 
" every one were of his mind, they would have it in their 
" own hands." ^ What the objection to the King's title 
was does not appear ; but it is significant also that the 
Recorder " absented himself from the proclamation of 

King James, both without and within the city, though 

he was the foremost man that followed the priest in 

going to hallow the churches."^ 

Indeed, this Recorder, William Meade,'^ was the chief 
actor in these proceedings at Cork, and his subsequent 
indictment and trial throw a curious light on the state of 
public feeling at the time. Lord Mountjoy, by whose 
order he was apprehended, left him in prison in the castle 
of Dublin at his departure for England. He was speedily 
" indicted of sundry treasons;" but it appears froin the 
Deputy and Council's report to the Privy Council that, 
although the facts of the case were plain and notorious, 
there was the utmost diflSculty in getting a jury to find 
the indictment against him ; and that it could not have 
been found at all, but for the industry of the Lords Com- 
missioners of Munster and their friends in dealing with 
the jury. 

Erom the report of these proceedings in the city given 
by Sir Nicholas Walshe, it was feared that the difficulty 
of convicting Meade would be more serious either at 
Youghal or in any other part of the county of Cork, " so 



1 Calendar, vol. I., p. 54. 2 i\)^^ p^ 53^ 

3 The orthography of this name Is most puzzlingly varied in the papers. 

It is written Mead, Meadth, Meagh, Meaghe, Meaugh, Meigh, Miagh, 

Myagh. 



PREFACE. xlvii 

" great was his popularity there, and so contrary and 
" backward were the affections of the people in a cause 
" of this nature." So universal indeed was the interest of 
the people in the religion Meade professed, that no less 
difficulty would be found if he were put to trial in any 
county adjoining ; by reason of the number of challenges 
he might make, " namely, thirty-five peremptory, with- 
" out showing of cause, and as many more as he can 
" show cause for." Considering, therefore, that he was 
a ringleader in all these late seditions of the towns, the 
Deputy and Council appealed ^ to England for advice whe- 
ther they should venture his trial at home, or whether 
the Lords of the Council would have him sent into England 
to be tried there, according to former precedents. It was 
decided to try him at home, and the result fully justified 
the apprehensions X)f the Deputy and Council. The jurors 
who were empanelled in the county of Cork returned a 
verdict of Not Guilty. Every expedient was resorted to 
to shake their resolution. Precedents were hunted up, 
in 1578, in 1581, and in 1590,^ in which refractory jui'ors 
had been punished with fine, with imprisonment, and 
with the pillory. But it was all in vain ; and the tone 
in which this case is urged by Mr. Justice Saxey as an 
illustration of the standing causes of the failure of 
justice in Ireland, is highly significant. According to 
Saxey 's view, there was not a sufficient number of English 
freeholders in Ireland " to pass in juries between His 
" Highness and the Irish, or between the English subject 
" and the Irish, in cases that concern His Majesty's 
" rights, and touch the Enghsh subject in life and in 
" goods, in consequence of the negligence of the under- 
*' takers in not observing the first establishment for 



1 Calendar, vol. T., p. 66. 2 jb., p. 122. 

2. 



xlviii PREFACE. 

" peopling of their seigniories with English freeholders." 
This defect, he shows, produced to His Majesty great 
prejudice, and to the Enghsh suhject great danger, 
through Irish trials, which cannot afford indifference 
between His Majesty and Irish, or between an Enghsh 
subject and an Irish ;" and he illustrates this by " the 
unjust acquittal of a notable Irish traitor, the Re- 
corder of Cork, lately put upon his trial before an Irish 
jury and Irish justices, to the disgrace of justice, and 
loss of the escheat to His Majesty; notwithstanding 
such violent and unlawful courses were taken, as well 
upon his indictment as upon his arraignment, as no 
precedent of former times can warrant ; for the grand 
jury were severally dealt with, every man by himself ; 
each giving his own verdict, not knowing the mind of 
his fellows. And upon the prisoner's arraignment the 
evidence against him was enforced to the jury by the 
deposition, viva voce, in open court, of them that were 
his judges upon his trial ; whereia they were the more 
eager, as they had undertaken the conviction of the 
party. But all would not serve ; for the same judges 
might know well enough (the quality of the party 
brought in question and the , disposition of a Cork 
jury considered), that the traitor would be acquitted 
against all the evidence, which was very forcible ; but 
therefore, as it is thought, the trial by an Irish jury was 
hastened, to prevent his trial in England, whither it was 
fit he should have been removed." ^ 
"We must transcribe, as one of the literary curiosities 
connected with the rising of Cork, a letter of Lady Joyce 
Carew, written to her husband, Sir George, from Shandon 
Castle, where she was shut up while the city remained 

1 Calendai', vol. I., p. 22. 



PREFACE. xlix 

in the hands of the insurgents. The language of this 

letter, as well as the orthography, may serve as an exercise 

for the reader's ingenuity : — 

" Here is gret wares wyth Corke," she writes, " and I amnot 
a frade. I have yet lost notheng, nor I hope shalnot do, unles it 
be som provesen I had in Corke, but I donot here yet, that it 
is toched. AI the Engles youse me vere cyndle [use me very 
kindly], and the lordes and gentelmen of the contre do profer me 
ther houses, but I staye styl in Shandon, for ther I plese my 
selfe best, Capten Boyse and Capten Nuce ar my gard, and 
thaye ly in Shandon. I kuoue al the besenes and good pro- 
cedenges wylbe sent you at large by those that can beter send it 
than I. But I do assure you that I donot yet live in fere of the 
Mare of Corkes forses, thoughe ther hathe ben gret shuting at the 
castel, but never ded ane harme to wale or cretur in it. I hope 
shortle to see them calme enough. I wyl were out tyme tyl I 
here what your fourtunes must be, and here wyth al troubeles 
wyth pacenee and wythout ane grefe, for I am nou here very 
much respected." — Shandon, 5 May. 

FAMINE AND PESTILENCE. 

Mountjoy's entry into Cork, after his forces had taken 
possession of all the strong positions, was marked by a 
demonstration on the part of the citizens, which singularly 
illustrates the miserable condition to which the country 
had been reduced by the long Desmond and Tyrone wars, 
and by the ruthless devastation systematically pursued by 
the English soldiers. Powerless to oppose the Lord De- 
puty's entrance, the citizens "entertained him vrith a 
show of ploughiron on both sides of the street, from 
the port to his lodgings; intimating hereby that the 
" soldiers by their exactions and rapines had wasted the 
" country, making all the ploughs to be idle which should 
" have maintained it." ^ The emblem was but too truth- 






1 Carew Papers. "A brief relation of the Rebellion of the city of 
« Cork." 

d 2 



1 PREFACE. 

ful a representation of the condition not of Cork alone, 
but of the entire kingdom. Sir Henry Docwra, writing 
to Cecil from Derry, April 5thj 1603, speaks of the country 
as "lying waste in all parts save where Her Majesty ^ is 
*' outwardly obeyed." ^ Tyrone himself > writing to Lord 
Mountjoy, April 30, complains "of the poverty of his 
" people ; " ^ and Mountjoy, describing the utter exhaus- 
tion of the country, characteristically declares that " not 
" all the garrans in Ireland would be able to draw a 
" single cannon." ^ Sir George Carey tells Cecil that the 
garrisons have not left to Neale Garvye, " either horse, 
" cow, goods, or apparel ; " " while on the other hand, 
they themselves, by reason of the expectation of the de- 
crjdng of the base coin, are "undone and made stark 
" beggars." ^ At the close of that year, Dec. 28, 1603, 
he again writes to Cecil that "they are in great dis- 
" tress for want of victuals. Por three months there 
" have been no victuals to maintain the soldiers of Lein- 
" ster, being 2,000 foot and 300 horse, and all the other 
" provinces will very speedily be in want. The kingdom 
" is in famine and great scarcity, and victuals are not to 
" be had here, but must be supplied from England." '^ Sir 
Arthur Chichester declares the same regarding the North, 
in a letter to Cecil, Nov. 23, 1603.^ In the beginning 
of the following year we find Chichester in the North, 
" settling some business there, and appeasing a humor- 
" ous discontent of the lords of countries in these parts, 
" grounded upon their poverty, and the soldiers ranging 
" from place to place for the want of provision in the 
" standing garrison." The country, he adds, " is so 

• The news of the Queen's death had not yet reached the North. 
2 Calendar, vol. I., p. 9. . ^ lb., p. 31. 

4 lb., p. 26. 5 lb., p. 37. 

6 lb., p. 78. 5^ lb., p. 117-8. 

8 lb., p. 108. 



PREFACE. li 

" corrupt and so far from happiness, tliat he may liken it 
" to Pharaoh's lean oxen, which consumes the fat of 
" I[is Majesty's other kingdoms, and is ever lean itself." ^ 

What wonder that in 1607, after years of misery snch 
as this, the country had fallen to such depths of exhaus- 
tion, that, as regards the North, we find Chichester avow- 
ing, that " the whole realm, and especially the fugitives' 
" countries, are more utterly depopulated and poor than 
" ever hefore for many hundred years," ^ and the Bishop 
of Cork, in turn, assm^ing Chichester, as regards Munster, 
that from Cork to Berehaven "the country is waste, 
" those who had escaped the sword having died through 
" famine ! " ^ 

To add to the horror of famine, the country was at the 
same time visited hy a terrible pestilence. It began in 
the autumn of 1603. On December 28th, Sir George 
Carey ''is sorry to write [to Cecil] the news that the 
" plague increaseth in the city, and is much dispersed in 
" the country ; " ^ and it raged with such virulence in 
Dublin that the Privy Councillors fled from the city, and, 
as we learn from various letters, the public business was 
much interrupted during that year. The law comets were 
practically closed ; ^ or as Sir John Davys, quoting a saying 
of the rebels, phrases it, " The plague put another thorn in 
" the foot of the law." ^ So late as the 9th of the follow- 
ing September, EUesmere, the Lord Chancellor, in replying 
to Sir John Davys, prays that " God may stay His hand 
" from further afflicting the people, who have already felt 
" the scourge of war and oppression, and now are under 
" the grievous scourge of famine and pestilence."' 

1 Calendar, vol. I., p. 149. ^ ib,, vol. IL, p. 276. 

3Ib., p. 132. * lb., vol. I., p. 117. 

6 lb., p. 162. 6 lb., p. 149. 

7 lb., p. 196. 



lii PREFACE. 

FINANCIAL DISTRESS. 

The financial embarrassments of the Irish government, 
too, were in the highest degree perplexing. In Jnly 
1603, the Lord Deputy and Council urged upon the Privy 
Council the necessity of prompt measures as to the coinage, 
alleging the scarcity of all things and the excessive prices 
of provisions.^ In the next month Sk George Carey dwells 
upon this distress, especially as affecting the soldiery, and 
remonstrates against the King's giving hills of exchange 
on Ireland, declaring his inability to meet them.^ The 
King's officers profess themselves compelled to " range 
'^ upon the country, for want of victuals in the King's 
" store." ^ As far on as Pebruary 25, 1604,* we find the 
Deputy compelled to eke out the pittances which were 
remitted from England for the public service, by dividing 
the amount at the Council table rateably among the pub- 
lic creditors, allotting to each a month's pay ; and even 
obhged, in order to effect this poor measure of relief, to 
borrow 1,700^. from the city of Dublin. The same diffi- 
culty in providing for the periodical requirements of the 
debt to the public servants, appears again in the August 
of that year.^ In Pebruary 1606 the Lord Deputy com- 
plains that up to that date they had not received one half 
of the sum required by the paymaster's estimate, although 
the half year had begun at the 1st of October ; and they 
had borrowed 6,500^. more, which was not yet repaid.^ In 
another letter ^ he repeats the complaint of want of money, 
and " sees no remedy but that their men must break, 
" and fall upon the country next to them." All things 



1 Calendar, vol. I., p. 70. 2 lb., pp. 73, 75. 

3 lb,, p. 108. 4 lb., p. 262. 

e lb., p. 308. 6 lb., p. 405. 
7 lb., p. 407. 



PREFACE. liii 

are " worse tlian in time of war, and a greater scarcity of 
" money;" and he protests " he never saw so miserable and 
" poor commanders and state in all his life/ most men 
" being disheartened to labour in the service, and wishing 
" for any employment, in order to be discharged of this." 
In another paper, May 29, 1606, from the Deputy and 
Council to the Privy Council, it is nakedly declared that, if 
a supply of money be not forthcoming at once, " they will 
" not be able to retain the companies beyond the end of 
" the June following." ^ Pinding all remonstrances un- 
availing, Chichester writes, July 29, 1606, to the Privy 
Council, that, on the faith of promised supplies, he " had 
engaged his own and his friends' credit for means to 
hold the companies together and furnish them for the 
intended journey, leaving directions with Mr. Secretary 
" Eenton to repay what he (Chichester) had borrowed, and 
to impart a month's pay to the other servitors and com- 
panies, to serve them till his return. And now, as the 
money has been otherwise disposed of, his poor credit 
" is broken." So harassed is he by the pressure of all 
these demands, that "he is driven to spend much time, 
" besides the hazard of his poor estate, in achieving 
" means to furnish them, leaving the meditation on 
" matters more profitable and advantageous for His 
" Majesty's service." ^ Eenton himself assures Salisbury, 
Aug. 3, 1606, that " since the twenty-six years he has 
" served in Ireland, he has never seen so great misery 
" for want of money." * 

It is not a little remarkable to find among the names 
of those who, in July 1606, in the urgent necessities of the 
government at this time, came to the aid of the Lord 
Deputy by lending money for the public service, that of 

1 Calendar, vol. I., p. 332. 2 lb., p. 486. 3 Ji,.^ p. 332. 4 i^.^ p. 535. 



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liv PREFACE. 

the Earl of Tyrone, so soon to be a fugitive from Ireland 
and a proclaimed traitor and outlaw. A curious paper, 
entitled " Docquet of borrowed money for tbe army since 
" tbe first of July 1606," reveals a very painful degree 
of impoverisbment. Tbe whole sum acknowleged in this 
Docquet is but 3,704?., which is divided between no fewer 
than 13 creditors, for sums varying from 4iOl. up to 700?. 
Tyrone's contribution to the loan is 266?. 14s. M} Nor 
is this Tyrone's only money transaction with the King. 
From a letter of Lord Deputy Carey to Cecil, it appears 
that tbe latter bad ordered a bill of exchange for 600?. to 
be given to Tyrone. It is not said what was the con- 
sideration; but Carey pleads the necessities of the Ex- 
chequer as an excuse for not complying with the order. 
He had already been compelled by want of funds, he 
writes, to refuse the applications of the servitors for the 
amount of their various entertainments, to their grievous 
discontent ; and they " would be still more discontented, 
" if he gave bills of exchange to my Lord Tyrone and 
" others, who have no entertainment from His Majesty."^ 

THE ESTABLISHED CHURCH. 

Amid these manifold causes of public misery and dis- 
content in Ireland, it need hardly be said that the element 
of religious bitterness was not wanting. As regards 
influence, spiritual, moral, or social, the pictm'e of the 
Established Church presented by these Papers, even where 
the writers are most friendly, is altogether deplorable. 

Sir John Davys enters very fully into the subject. He 
writes to Cecil that he is informed — 

" That the churchmeQ for the most part throughout the king- 
dom were mere idols and ciphers, and such as could not read ; 
and yet the most of them, whereof many were serving men and 

1 Calendar, vol. L, p. 534. ^ ib,^ p. 75. 



PREFACE. Iv 

some horseboys, were not without two or three benefices apiece ; 
Nevertheless, for all their pluralities they were most of them 
beggars ; for the patron or ordinary, or some of their friends, took 
the greater part of their profits by a plain contract before their 
institution ; so that many gentlemen, and some women, and some 
priests and Jesuits, have the greatest benefit of our benefices, 
though these poor unlettered clerks bear the name of incumbents. 
Nay, he adds, (that which is almost incredible, but I heard it 
of one that hath a place of special credit in this kingdom) the 
agent or nuncio for the Pope that lieth lurking here in this land, 
hath 40^, or 501. a year out of the profits of a parsonage within 
the Pale. 

" And what," he asks, " is the effect of these abuses ? The churches 
are ruined and fallen down to the ground in all parts of the king- 
dom. There is no divine service, no christening of children, no 
receiving of the sacrament, no Christian meeting or assembly, no, 
not once a year; in a word, no more demonstration of religion 
than amongst Tartars or cannibals."^ 

In the report which he made of the state of Munster 
in May 1606, Sir John repeats the same opinion, de- 
claring that " the extreme remissness and negligence of 
" their clergy, which was the first cause of the general 
" desertion and apostacy, is also now again the remora, 
" or the impediment of reformation."^ 

In like manner, Justice Saxey describes the bishops 
as "priests of Jeroboam, taken out of the basest of 
" the people, more fit to sacrifice to a caK than to 
" intermeddle with the religion of God."^ One of them, 
lately deceased, had been " a poor singing man void of 
" knowledge of his- grammar rules " ; and his successor 
was "of like insufS.ciency." Another, who held three 
bishopricks, was " utterly unlearned." There was " not 
" one able preacher in all the province (Munster), nor 
" three sufficient bishops in all the kingdom."* 



1 Calendar, vol. I., p. 467. 

2 Sir J. Davys to Cecil, 4 May 1606, Tb., p. 476. 

3 lb., p. 224. * lb., p. 224. 



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Ivi PREFACE. 

The same is repeated in a discourse of John Hudson, 
presented to the King, who adds that "the bishops had, 
for their private gains, made leases for many years of 
the spiritual lands for small or no rents, whereby there 
were few bishopricks in the realm sufficient to support 
the dignity of a bishop ; and thereof it grew that some 
of them held three, and others two, bishopricks m com- 
mendam, for their better maintenance, to the great 
" hindrance of the preferment of learned men, and decay 
" of the State ecclesiastical."^ 

Perhaps this may furnish some explanation of a state- 
ment of Sir John Davys in his letter to Salisbury, 
Nov. 12, 1606, that " there are few churches void, but 
" that the most part are full of the most miserable idols, 
" so that one cannot think or speak of them but with 
" grief or shame.^ 

As the remedy of this evil, the bishops and clergy urge 
the repression and forcible extermination of the popu- 
lar religion. Loftus, Archbishop of Dublin, and Jones, 
Bishop of Meath, addressed to the King, within two 
months of his accession, an elaborate statement, with the 
purpose of getting the Roman Catholic clergy banished. 
They attribute the late rebellion to the priests being 
suffered to lurk in the kingdom and to set on the people ; 
and they pray the King to allow of no toleration, and to 
cut off the hopes of it by prompt and decisive action. 

" Misled by their priests, some of the cities and towns of 
Munster, as His Majesty is already informed, have attempted, in 
violation of the laws of both kingdoms, to set up their idol and 
supremacy of Rome; some others in the Pale, in violent manner 
have committed a like offence ; and the rest more wily, and 
therefore more dangerous, have of late met in public consultations, 
and are selecting solicitors to be sent to the King to lay before 

1 Calendar, vol. I., p. 235. ^ ib,^ yoi. ii,^ p. 17. 



PREFACE. lyii 

His Majesty some supposed wrongs. Their chief est cause of re- 
pair, however, to the King is to obtain free liberty and exercise 
of their conscience and of the Romish religion."" 

They proceed to remind the King how — 

" In the time of King Edward VI. of blessed memory, when 
the popes of Eome had in a manner given over to intermeddle 
in princes' affairs, and were rather connected by Kings than 
obeyed by Kings, Charles V., by his letters and ambassadors, 
made intercession to the King that he would be pleased to 
grant license to his sister, the Princess Mary, that was afterwards 
Queen, to have mass celebrated by her own chaplains, privately 
in her house, without offence to the laws." 

They add that when the matter was discussed in [the 
Council Chamber, Doctor Cranmer, Archbishop of Can- 
terbury, and Doctor E/idley, Bishop of London, were 
in favour of the indulgence ; but that " the godly and 
" zealous young Josias " himself, not only argued against 
these bishops from the Scriptures, but, in reply to their 
representation of the inconveniences which would follow 
from the refusal of the toleration, " vowed to God that he 
" would rather hazard kingdom, life, and lose aU he had, 
'' than suffer God to be dishonoured within his realm 
" by the least exercise of idolatry." Placing this example 
of King Edward VI. before James, the bishops urge him 
" at once, even in the morning of his reign, to give some 
" signification in this miserable kingdom how unwelcome 
" such suits and suitors shall be, and how ready His 
" Majesty is to maintain the true worship and religion 
*' of Jesus Christ." And reminding him how ready these 
people are to take advantage of the least connivancy, they 
advise the King never to permit what in his godly zeal 
he so much abhors. They conclude by leaving it to His 
Majesty to devise some means to prevent the plots and 
aims of these priests, seminaries, and Jesuits, "which 
" daily come from beyond seas, teaching that the King is 



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Iviii PREFACE. 

«* not a lawful Eang. After order taken with these 
" seditious priests and Jesuits, and some learned preachers 
sent over, and the people compelled to come and hear 
them, then would ensue the loyalty, peace, and all 
other blessings wherewith the kingdom of England was 
" blessed." ^ 

THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH. 

The correspondence, public and private, abounds with 
allusions to the Eoman Catholic clergy and to " the secret 
" intrigues and open defiances of the law " practised by 
themselves and encouraged by them among the people. 

We shall endeavour hereafter to enable the reader to 
understand the exact position of the Catholic Church 
before the law in Ireland at this period. The lawyers of 
the time were divided in opinion regarding it ; and Mr. 
Justice Saxey complains bitterly that the more indulgent 
opinion "had such allowance, that the Jesuits, seminary 
" priests, and such others of that litter, had been ever 
" since the more audacious to continue freely without 
" reprehension their wonted seducing of the people. 
" No better fruit," he concludes, " is to be expected 
" from an Irish councillor of State." 

Accordingly, the priests continued in numbers almost 
undiminished. Sir George Carey in a letter to Cecil, 
May 20, 1604, recommending a new bishop for the 
bishoprick of Kildare, dwells upon the *' many supersti- 
" tious priests and seminaries that haunt those parts." ^ 
The Bishop of Ossory, John Horsfall,^ in the June of 
the same year, gives a return to the Deputy and Council 

1 Bishops of Dublin and Meath to the King, June 4, 1603, Calendar, 
vol. I., pp. 58-65. 

2 lb., p. 175. 3 lb., p. 179. 



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PREFACE. lix 

of the names of the priests, thirty in number, then in the 
diocese of Ossory ; and complains that " there is difhculty 
in carrying out their Lordship's order for the repaking 
of the bodies of churches by a tax to be raised on 
the parishes, for the people generally are so misled 
with superstitious idolatry that they altogether scorn 
their church censures; and, if he crave temporal as- 
sistance for the correction of the contumacious, there 
is neither sheriff nor other officer that will put those 
writs in execution ; so that, without extraordinary com- 
mission, he will hardly prevail in executing those works. 
That they may the better imagine the truth of this 
" report, he encloses a catalogue, which shows how many 
Romish caterpillars abiding in his diocese, prevent 
the hope of the Lord's harvest ; for even on Sunday 
last they set their mass publicly on foot again in their 
" late hallowed Abbey in Xilkenny ; which they under- 
" took to the Lord Lieutenant to alter to a sessions 
" house, as it formerly was." He adds that he is in- 
formed " there is one Kichard Polay in the Irish-town at 
Kilkenny, who keeps continual mass in his house; 
and whether the Bishop will or no, there resorteth to 
him divers priests and other people of the uptown, 
" very dangerous for infecting that town, which, God be 
" praised, is yet clear ; and notwithstanding the bishop's 
" admonitions, he obstinately persisteth in the same." 

It was the same everywhere. Justice Saxey reports 
that the Jesuits, seminaries, and priests " swarm as 
" locusts throughout the whole kingdom, and are har- 
" boured and maintained by the noblemen and chief 
gentry of the country, but especially by the cities and 
walled towns, massing and frequenting all the super- 
" stitions of the people in their obstinate errors, and their 



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Ix PREFACE. 

" contempt of the religion of God and His Majesty's 
" ecclesiastical law." ^ 

PROCLAMATION FOR BANISHMENT OF THE CLERGY. 

But this passive attitude of the government came to 
an end. In a paper entitled " Memorials for the better 
" Eeformation of the Kingdom of Ireland," probably of 
the year 1604, one of the first suggestions is that "all 
" titulary bishops, Jesuits, seminaries, friars, and Romish 
" priests be banished the realm, except they will reform 
" themselves ; and that none do receive or succom' them 
" on great pain of imprisonment without bail and fines 
** to be imposed upon them as shall be thought meet." ^ 
At the same time Loftus and Jones renewed their protests 
against connivance at the presence of priests, and the 
exercise of the Eoman Catholic religion.^ On the 4th 
of July 1605 a proclamation was issued accordingly, in 
which the King explains at length the reasons and motives 
of the repressive course which he has resolved to pursue. 

He has been informed (he says) that his subjects in 
Ireland have, since the death of Queen EKzabeth, been 
much abused by a report that he purposes to give liberty 
of conscience or toleration of religion to his subjects in 
that kingdom, contrary to the statutes therein enacted, 
and to that uniformity of religion which is , universally 
used in his other dominions. By this' false report divers 
of his subjects are encouraged to continue their super- 
stition and recusancy, and such Jesuits, seminary and 
other priests and bishops, as before secretly lurked in 
sundry parts, now more boldly and presumptuously 
shew and declare themselves in the exercise of their 

1 Calendar, vol. I., p. 218. 2 i|j.^ p. 134^ 

3 Letter to the Lords of the Privy Council, March 5, 1604, lb,, p. 151. 



PREFACE. Ixi 

functions, and in contempt of tlie King, his laws and 
religion. " He has, therefore, thought meet " contiuues 
the proclamation, 

" To declare and publish to all his loving subjects of Ireland his 
high displeasure with the report, and his resolve never to do any 
act that may confirm the hopes of any creature that they shall 
ever have from him any toleration to exercise any other religion 
than that which is agreeable to God's Word, and established by 
the laws of the realm. By this public act he desires to declare 
to aU his subjects his resolution, and he straightly admonishes 
and commands them, from henceforth, duly to resort to their 
several parish churches, to hear divine service every Sunday and 
holyday, according to the tenor and intent of the laws and statutes, 
upon the pains and penalties contained therein, which he will have 
from henceforth put in execution. 

" And being advertised that a great number of seminary priests, 
Jesuits, and other priests, made by foreign authority, range up and 
down in that kingdom, and not only seduce the people there to 
embrace their superstitious ceremonies, but maliciously endeavour 
to alienate the hearts of his subjects from himself by insinuating 
and breeding a distaste in them, both for his religion and his 
civil government, taking upon themselves the ordering and decid- 
ing of causes both before and after they have received judgments 
in the King's courts of record, he declares, publishes, and pro- 
claims, that it is his will and commandment that all Jesuits, 
seminary priests, or other priests whatsoever, made and ordained 
by any authority derived or pretended to be derived from the See 
of Rome, shall, before the 10th day of December next, depart out 
of the kingdom of Ireland. And that no Jesuit, seminary priest, 
or other priesb ordained by foreign authority, shall from and after 
the 10th of December, repair or return into that kingdom, upon 
pain of his high displeasure, and upon such farther pain and 
penalty as may justly be inflicted upon them by the laws and 
statutes of that realm. And upon the like pain, expressly forbids 
all his subjects within that kingdom, to receive or relieve any such 
Jesuit, seminary priest, or other priest, who after the said 10th 
day of December, shall remain in that realm or return to the 
same or any part thereof"^ 



1 Calendar, vol. L, p. 302. 



Ixii PREFACE. 

We shall see later the full import of this proclamation. 
It had but scant effect in abating the mischief. The 
Lord Deputy Chichester, it is true, reported that most of 
the priests in his government of Knockfergus had taken 
the oath of supremacy : Sir !Poulk Conway repeated the 
assurance ; ^ and forty priests in Connaught were alleged 
to have done the same ;^ but whatever partial conformity 
may have been obtained in this way, Sir John Davys in 
his " Observations after a Journey made by him in Muns- 
" ter, (May 4, 1606)," gives an account of the state of 
things which he found at Clonmel during his Munster 
journey : — 

" This town," he says, " being in the liberty [of the county 
palatine of Tipperary] is more haunted with Jesuits and priests 
than any other town or city within this province, which is the 
cause we found the burgesses more obstinate here than elsewhere. 
For whereas my Lord President did gently offer to the principal 
inhabitants, that he would spare to proceed against them then, if 
they would yield to a conference for a time, and become bound 
in the meantime not to receive, any Jesuit or priest into their 
houses, they peremptorily refused both. Whereupon, the chief of 
them were bound to appear at Cork before the Lord President and 
Council, presently after Easter, there to be censured with good 
round fines and imprisonment : of the multitude we caused two 
hundred to be indicted, but with much ado was the grand inquest 
drawn to find the bill, and yet for the most part they were gentle- 
men of the country. The Jesuits and priests of name that have 
lately frequented the town are, Nicholas Lennagh, Jesuit, Andrew 
Mulrony, Jesuit, Richard White, priest, Gerrard Miagh, priest. 
William Crokin, priest. Amongst these, Nicholas Lennagh hath 
special credit and authority ; and, which is to be noted, before that 
horrible treason was to have been executed in England, he charged 
the people to say three Ave Maria's for the good success of a great 
matter, which what it was they should not know until it was 
effected and brought to pass." And as I got intelligence, of 
these priests and Jesuits that resort to Clonmel, so did I learn the 

1 Calendar, vol. I., p. 372. 2 n,., p. 468. 



PREFACE. Ixiii 

names of such others as lurk in the other principal towns of 
Munster, In Limerick these three, Brien O'Cairn, a Jesuit, Richard 
Cadam, Richard Arthure, priests. In Cork these : Robert Miagh, 
Dominick Roche, James Miagh, priests. In Waterford : Dr. White, 
Jesuit, Lumbard, a priest. If our bishops and others that have 
cure of souls were but half as diligent in their several charges as 
these men are in the places where they haunt, the public would not 
receive and nourish them as now they do." ^ 

This harbouring of priests was not confined to the Irish 
districts. They were equally numerous and equally shel- 
tered in the English Pale :— 

" Since the late commotions in the towns, happily stayed by the 
Lieutenant, a great swarm of J esuits, seminaries, friars, and priests, 
notwithstanding their late danger, frequent the towns and other 
places in the English Pale and borders more openly and boldly 
than before. Few of the best houses in the Pale are free from 
relieving and receiving them. The Council find that they are 
under a strong and perilous impression, and so persuade the 
people, that tliere shall be a toleration of religion ; and for the 
procuring of it, sundry of the better sort of the Pale and towns 
are sent as agents to the Court to solicit the same, and great con- 
tributions of money cut upon the country for their expenses and 
other charges of the suit. And being fallen upon this point, 
they urge the Lords of the Council to move the King to consider 
of some present settled course concerning religion, to bridle the 
boldness and backslidings of the Papists before matters grow to 
further danger. For though the Deputy and Council apply the 
authority of the State with as great discretion as they can (not 
knowing as yet what will be His Majesty's course on the point of 
religion), yet it avails little to stay the case, for they make a con- 
tempt of all their (the Council's) doings, reposing altogether upon 
their project of toleration." ^ 

Nor did the clergy stand alone in their defiance of the 
attempt to compel submission to the state church, or in 
their hostility to the government from which this attempt 
emanated. The most active and intelligent class of the 
laity — the lawyers and legal officials— were warm in their 



1 Calendar, vol. I., p. 476. ^ ]b., p. 66. 

2. e 



Ixiv PREFACE. 

support of tlie opposition. Sir John Davys states, tliat 
" tMs insolency lias its origin from the Jesuits, friars, and 
" massing priests, but is strongly supported by some 
" lawyers, practisers at the bar, and some of the King's 
" officers in his several courts, and all chief leading men 
" who countenance the contempt of the Gospel." To en- 
counter this evil, the Council suggest a 'proclamation 
from His Majesty for " the expulsion of the Jesuits, 
" friars, seminaries, and massing priests by a day, and 
" punishing with severe penalties all their relievers and 
" abetters, whatsoever they be. And for the lawyers, 
" that are to be justly touched, that they be put from the 
"■ bar, and all other practice of the law, and the other 
" officers to be removed from their places until they 
" shall enter into good bonds to come to the Church." ^ 

The penalties to which the Catholic clergy were sub- 
ject in England had had an effect which was by no means 
anticipated. Sir Arthur Chichester complains to Salis- 
bury, on the 19th September of the same year, that, upon 
" the proclamation of banishment of the Jesuits and 
" seminary priests from out of England, many flock to 
" Ireland, where they do much harm ; and every house 
" and hamlet being a sanctuary for them, they are 
" seldom apprehended." ^ Strangely enough too, he adds, 
this transplantation of priests from England was done 
by public authority. The town officers of Liverpool 
had lately shipped two, one named Thomas Poole, the 
other James Lancaster, ahas Eoord, to Drogheda. Chi- 
chester had had them committed to the Castle of Dublin, 
and proposed to " ship them off to other countries with 
" the first opportunity."^ Meanwhile he begs that the 
practice may be prohibited. 

1 Calendar, vol. L, pp. 66-7. ^ ib.^ p. 574. 3 i^., pp. 574.5. 



PREFACE. Ixv 

But the most curious evidence at once of the efforts 
made by the Irish Government to displace the Catholic 
hierarchy and of the success with which their repressive 
measures were evaded, is found in a letter of Sir John 
Davys to Salisbury a few months later, November 12, 
1606. Having spoken of the wretched condition and still 
more hopeless prospects of the Protestant church in 
Ireland in terms to which we have already referred, he 
continues : — ^ 

" And yet we want not bishops or archbishops to oversee the 
churches ; for there is not a bishop's see that is not supplied double, 
one being placed by the King and another by the Pope. Being in 
the north this summer, I met with an Irish scholar, who had been 
bred in France and Spain, among the fugitives of this nation, and 
of him I learnt the names and quaUty of the Pope's titulary 
bishops of Ireland, and who were present in the kingdom, and 
who were absent, and where they resided. 

"In Ulster. — Dr. Peter Lumbard [Lombard], born at Waterford, 
beareth the title of primate of Ardmagh ; he is now at the Court 
of Rome, where he hath a pension from the Pope of 200 ducats by 
the month. He hath also the dignity of a provost in the cathedral 
church of Cambray. 

" One O'Boyle hath the title of Bishop of Rapo [Raphoe] in 
TirconneU ; he was born in that country, and resideth there, being 
countenanced by the Earl of TirconneU. 

" Connor O'Dovenny [O'Duvany] hath the name of Bishop of 
Downe and Connor ; he liveth in Tyrone ; we saw him in our last 
journey when we were near Ulster, for he was brought into the 
camp in the habit of a Franciscan. Cormock M'Baron, the Earl of 
Tyrone's brother, is his chief reliever and receiver. 

" Richard Brady is the titulary Bishop of Kilmore ; he is very 
aged, and lurketh for the most in Westmeath. 

" Jo, Gawne [McGauran] is called Bishop of Ardagh ; his abode 
is uncertain, but he resorteth often to a place called Granard, in the 
county of Longford. 

" Owen Mlvor M'Mahon, one of the sons of Ivor M'Collo, 
[M'Mahon], who is farmer to my Lord of Essex, in the Ferney 

1 Calendar, vol. 11., pp. 17-18. 

e 2 



Ixvi PREFACE. 

[Farney], is designed Bishop of Clogher, but is now in Ger- 
many. 

" These are the Pope's bishops in Ulster. 

" In Leinster. — One Matthias [Matthew de Oviedo], a Spanish 
friar, hath the title of Archbishop of Dublin ; he now liveth in a 
monastery in Spain, not far from Madrid ; he hath a poor pension 
of three ducats per diem. 

" Franciscus di Rivera is the supposed Bishop of Leighlin ; he is 
now resident at Antwarp (sic). 

" Robert Lalor, the priest who is now in the Castle of Dublin, 
and was a follower of the house of Kildare, is nominated Bishop of 
Kildarc. 

" In Mounster. — David O'Kerny is made by the Pope Archbishop 
of Cashell ; he liveth in the liberty of Tipperary. 

" Thomas White, born in Waterford, and nephew to Dr. Lumbard, 
the pretended primate of Armagh, hath the title of Bishop of 
Waterford, He hath a benefice in the Low Countries, but liveth 
with his uncle at Rome. 

" Dr. James White is called Bishop of Limerick, but resideth at 
Cionmel in the liberty of Tipperary. 

" In Conaght. — Florence O'Mulconner [Conroy], hath the name 
of Archbishop of Tuame, but liveth in the Court of Spain. 

" One O'Mulrian, a native of the county of Limerick, is stiled 
Bishop of Kilaloe ; he liveth in Lisbon, and hath a pension of the 
King of Spain." 

This list, however, is not comjolete, for Sir John Davys 
adds that there are some other sees for whicli the Pope has 
provided bishops, of whom he has no certain intelligence.^ 

A still more formidable picture of the number and in- 
fluence of the priests, and of the entire devotedness of the 
people to their religion, is found in a letter of the Lord 
Deputy and Council to the Privy Council, towards the end 
of the year 1607 (October 27, 1607). The flight of Tyrone 
and Tyrconnell had completely unsettled the public mind, 
and prepared the whole population to look forward to some 
great and decisive change. The Lord Deputy and Council 

1 Calendar, yol. II., p. 18. 



PREFACE. Ixvii 

report that since the departure of the Earls, priests and 
Jesuits had flocked into the kingdom in greater numbers 
than at any previous time, so that it was now a common 
taunt of the Irish that they " had more priests in the 
country than the King had soldiers ;" and how serious the 
crisis was judged, and how grave the alarm of the Govern- 
ment, may he inferred from the excited and acrimonious 
language of these letters. *' These men," the Deputy and 
Council write, " well knowing that this nation is obnoxious 
" to superstition, imposture, and credulity, take advantage 
" of the fugitives' departure to ravish the whole realm 
" with goodly hopes and promises," — 

" As if aU this preparation in Spain were altogether for their 
sakes and in their devotion, to be undoubtedly converted hither, or 
some other part of the kingdom, for the advancement of their 
Cathohc cause and the abolishing of the religion and government 
here established. 

" They land here secretly " the letter proceeds, " in every port 
and creek of the realm (a dozen together sometimes, as they (the 
Deputy and Council) are informed), and afterwards disperse them- 
selves into several quarters, in such sort that every town and country 
is full of them, and most men's minds are infected with their doctrine 
and seditious persuasions. 

" They have so gained the women that they are in a manner all 
of them absolute recusants. Children and servants are whoUy 
taught and catechised by them, esteeming the same (as in truth it 
is) a sound and sure foundation of their synagogue. They with- 
draw many from the Church that formerly had conformed them- 
selves ; and others, of whom good hope had been conceived, they 
have made altogether obstinate, disobedient, and contemptuous. 
Most of the mayors and principal officers of cities and corporate 
towns, and justices of the peace of this country birth refuse to 
take the oath of supremacy, as is requisite by the statute. And, 
for an instance, the party that should this year have been mayor 
of Dublin, avoided it to his very great charges, only because he 
would not take the oath. The towns neglect to renew their 
charters, and some inhabitants of the same, formerly called in 
question for their recusancy, still lie in prison for their contempt. 



Ixviii PREFACE. 

because they will not enter into bonds (as required by usage) not 
wittingly and willingly to converse with or relieve seminary priests 
and Jesuits. Most gentlemen and others that should sue forth 
their liveries leave the same undone because of the oath. The 
people in many places resort to mass now in greater multitudes, 
both in town and country, than for many years past ; and if it 
chance that any priest known to be factious and working be appre- 
hended, both men and women will not stick to rescue the party. 
In no less multitudes do these priests hold general councils and 
conventicles together many times about their affairs ; and, to be 
short, they have so far withdrawn the people from all reverence 
and fear of the laws and loyalty towards His Majesty, and brought 
their business already to this pass, that such as are conformed and 
go to church are everywhere derided, scorned, and oppressed by the 
multitude, to their great discouragement and to the scandal of all 
good men ; and they have combined the chief persons in sundry 
parts of the kingdom in an engagement to declare themselves for 
their cause immediately upon the arrival of any foreign succours 
in their behalf. Many men have sworn to it, and many more have 
signed it in writing under theu^ hands, and sent the same into 
Spain, as is afiirmed. The party that revealed this likewise con- 
fessed that he himself had set his hand to that list, among a number 
of others therein contained." ^ 

The only glimpse which we have of the actual condi- 
tion of the E-oman Catholic clergy, and of the social and 
domestic relations between them and their flocks at this 
time, is found in a letter of the Bishop of Cork, Cloyne, 
and Eoss, dated from Eosscarhery, to the Lord Deputy, 
and conveyiQg a report of the state of the dioceses under 
his charge.^ He describes the material as well as the reli- 
gious ruin of his diocese to be complete. The country, he 
says, is waste, especially those parts where His Majesty's 
army, the Spanish forces, and " the rebelhous rout " lay 
during the siege of Kinsale. " They that escaped the 
" sword," he says, " died of famine ; and out of those 
*' parts of the diocese, by credible report, 4,000 or 5,000 

1 Calendar, vol. II., pp. 309-310. 2 ib., pp. 131-133. 



PREFACE. Ixix 

" are departed, some to France, some to Spain. So that 
" the country is without inhabitants from Cork to the 
" west as far as Berehaven." 

But if the material aspect was bad, the religious aspect 
was worse. They had the face of a church, but it was 
overwhelmed with the darkness of idolatry j and as for 
the very few qualified incumbents, set down in his certifi- 
cate, they cannot execute their functions so long as those 
seditious priests are suffered to walk at liberty, with no 
law to restrain them. 

" In Cork, Kinsale, Youghall, and all the country over within 
his charge, no- marriages, christenings, &;c. are done but by Popish 
priests this seven years, only Roscarbry excepted, where he remains 
and may command, for he suffers none to inhabit, unless they 
conform themselves and obey the laws in that point ; so that 
the Romish priests have all but the tithe corn, wherein they are 
resisted ; otherwise both priest and people would easily agree to 
thrust them (the English ministers) out of aU. Prays his Lord- 
ship therefore, and the Lords of the Council, that the ministers 
of the word may be assisted in execution of their functions, to take 
care of the whole mass committed to their charge. 

" In the Lord Barrie's country, and Sir John FitzEdmunds' 
territory at Imokelly, the livings either belong to the college 
of Youghal or appropriate to abbeys, and are possessed by Sir 
John FitzEdmunds, or else holden by him. The Lord Roche's 
country is well provided [with ministers]. Orory [Orrery] and 
Dowally [DuhaUow] somewhat. Has procured some preachers 
from England. Five or six Hvings must be united till the country 
shall be inhabited better. An English minister must needs be 
beholden to the Irishry ; his neighbours love him not, especially 
his profession and doctrine, they being compelled to hear him ; 
moreover, the spiritual livings in these parts are precarious." ^ 

But what most grieved the Bishop was the encourage- 
ment given by the conforming lords and gentlemen to 
priests and friars. 

1 Calendar, vol. XL;, p. 132. 



IXX PREFACE. 

" There is an abbey at Buttevant under the Lord Barry/' says 
the Bishop, " where divers friars in their habits go up and down 
the country, to the grief of the godly, in a kingdom where so 
godly a King as His Majesty is, reigneth/' 

He mentions the names of several who live under the 
protection of Lord Barry of Buttevant, adding : — 

" These Sir John countenances openly at his own table, espe- 
cially the said Rory, (head of Buttevant convent), commending 
them to the world and applauding their profession and manner of 
life. They be sturdy fellows, well fed and warm. In these abbeys 
are continual and daily masses and assemblies and conventicles, 
little for the good of the King and the State. 

" Besides these friars, every gentleman and lord of country hath 
his priests, and at these abbeys they usually meet. Every friar and 
priest is called Father ; yea, talk with the Lord Barry, the Lord 
EiOche, or any man, no other name but Father ; Father such an one; 
Father such an one. So are they bewitched and blinded. The 
Lord President here proceeding against the priests of Cork and 
Limerick, a number of them fled ; but now since this plague, which 
much hindereth my Lord's godly proceedings, others are come in 
their place. The chiefest are not yet returned, but are expected by 
reason of the common talk, and nothing is now in their mouths 
but liberty of conscience. Knows not what they wouid have more. 
Massing is. in every place ; idolatry is pubhcly maintained ; God's 
word and his truth is trodden down under foot, despised, railed at, 
and contemned of all ; the ministers not esteemed — no, not with 
them that should reverence and countenance them. The professors 
of the Gospel may learn of these idolators to regard their pastors." * 

But to revert to the Proclamation of 4th July 1605, 
which was intended to drive the clergy out of Ireland, 
and force their flocks into the fold of the Established 
Church. 

The Proclamation, it will be observed, had a double 
aspect. It deals in its first part with the Boman Catholic 
laity, in the second part with the clergy ; and in this 
twofold aspect it will be necessary to deal with it, but in 

1 Calendar, vol. II., p. 133. 



PREFACE. Ixxi 

a reversed order, viz., with the treatment and condition of 
the clergy first, and then with the treatment of the laity. 

PENAL PROCEEDINGS AGAINST THE CATHOLIC 

CLERGY. 

Justice Saxey advised the Privy Council^ that the 
Statute of 21 Elizaheth, for banishing the Eoman Catholic 
clergy from the Queen's dominions, and rendering any of 
them found there after the end of that session of Parlia- 
ment guilty of high treason and death, extended to Ireland. 
This was a novel view. It had never yet been contended 
that any statute of the Parliament of England bound Ire- 
land, unless expressly named. Even afterwards, so late 
as 1620, in the Parliament of England, when it was 
moved to acquaint the King with the grievances of Ire- 
land, considering how much blood and treasure it had cost 
this kingdom. Sir John Davys said, " It is expressly in 
" the Law Books set down that Ireland is a member of 
" the Crown of England ; yet this kingdom here cannot 
" make laws to bind that kingdom ; for they have there a 
" Parliament of theh own."^ It is true that this stretch 
of power was essayed in the revolutionary times of 1642, 
when an English statute assigned the land to be forfeited 
in Ireland to the English Adventurers; but even this 
statute, such as it was, was not acted upon, being super- 
seded at the Uestoration by the Act passed by the Parlia- 
ment of Ireland in 1662, called the Act of Settlement, for 
re-settling the lands set out by CromweU. 

The Catholic lawyers contended on the contrary,^ that 
the Statute 27 Elizabeth did not extend to Ireland, or 



^ Calendar, vol. I., p. 219. 

2 See " New Life of Sir John Davys," prefixed to the *' Historical Tracts 
" of Sir John Davys." 8vo. Dublin, 1787. 

3 Calendar, vol. I., p. 219. 



Ixxii PREFACE. 

empower the King and the Government to exercise the 
jurisdiction they assumed, of ordering the priests to ab- 
jure then' native country under pain of lifelong im- 
prisonment or death, as was implied in the proclamation 
of the 4th of July 1605. 

Yet the priests and clergy are represented by Sir John 
Davys, in the beginning of this year, as not only expecting 
banishment (which was not surprising), but as desiring 
it. If His Majesty's pleasm^e were published that they 
should depart the realm, many of them, said he, would be- 
gone very willingly, that they might have good colour to 
beg and seek preferment in the richer parts of Christen- 
dom, whereas in Ireland they live but in " sluttish 
" beggary." And he said they were only waiting for the 
publishing of it. " Eor " (says he) "within these few 
" weeks one of the friars of Mulfernon (Multifarnham) 
" in "Westmeath came to the castle of Dublin to visit 
" his fellows imprisoned by the Lord Deputy for erect- 
" ing a monastery and college of friars, although it was 
" within the Pale; and being stayed by the constable, 
" and asked, ' How he dare come to the King's castle ? ' 
" his answer was, ' That he presumed he might come 
" * to any place within the kingdom until the proclama- 
" ' tion of their banishment were made, which they 
expected shortly, and then they would willingly 
depart the realm.' If, however," adds Sir John, 
" they should not depart upon the proclamation, the 
" Government doubts not (as he formerly wrote) but they 
should make their persons liable to the penal laws of 
England, and all other the King's dominions, and 
make them traitors, if they return into England or any 
" other of the King's dominions." ^ Now, though the 

1 Sir John Davys to Viscount Cranbome (afterwards Earl of Salisbury), 
6 January 1605. Calendar, vol. I., p. 244. 



(C 

it 



(C 

({ 
ii 



PREFACE. Ixxiii 

Lord Deputy and Council might legally compel the laity 
to church conformity under 2 Elizabeth (Irish) by fines 
of 12 pence for absence every Sunday and holyday, there 
was no law enabling them by proclamation to banish the 
clergy. The 27 Elizabeth was an English Act. And 
though Mr. Justice Saxey suggested that " the Queen's 
" dominions" included Ireland,^ which might be true in 
the common acceptation of the words, and though Sir 
John Davys, then new to Ireland, seemed to be of the 
same opinion, yet it was a mis-interpretation of the lan- 
guage of the statute. Eor the Parliament of England 
(as already mentioned) ^ had no power to pass laws for 
Ireland. Even Poyning's Act for making all past statutes 
made in England for the public weal of England to be 
deemed good in Ireland ^ was an Act of the Parhament 
of Ireland, and all subsequent English statutes were of 
no force unless adopted by the Parliament of Ireland. 
Indeed, Sir John Davys himself was of the same opinion. 
Eor in his former letter which he refers to, he admits there 
were not such laws against the Roman Catholic clergy 
as in England, yet if a proclamation, he said, were made 
by the King for their banishment they would probably 
fly, " or, if they could be apprehended, they might be im- 
" prisoned in Ireland* or else sent into England where 
" the penal laws will take hold of their persons." ^ 

Whether it was any doubt of this kind that restrained 
the Lord Deputy and Council for a time, or whether they 
thought it better to make trial of this assumed jurisdiction 



1 Calendar, vol. I., p. 219. 

2 Richard Hudson's Discourse touching Ireland. lb., p. 233. 

3 10 Hen. 7. c. 22. (Irish), A.D. 1495. 

4 It should be remembered that at this time there was no Habeas Corpus 
Act to prevent imprisonment unless for some breach of the known laws. 
The King's pleasure was enough. 

5 Sir John Davys to Cecil, 8th Dec. 1604, Calendar, vol. I, p, 214. 



Ixxiv PREFACE. 

at a distance from the chief seat of government, does not 
appear ; but the first proclamation of the kind was put 
forth in Munster. On 14th August 1604 (nearly a year 
before the King's proclamation) Sir Henry Brouncker, 
Lord President, with the Council of Munster, issued a 
" proclamation banishing all Jesuits, seminaries, and 
'' massing priests out of all the corporate towns in the 
" province by the 30th September following ; and offered 
" a reward of 40Z. for every Jesuit, 61. 8s. 4id. for every 
" seminary, and 51. for every massing priest that should 
*' be brought to him." ^ There was little doubt, said 
the proclamation, that " the peace which the pro- 
" vince had been lately reduced to, would continue, if 
" those stirrers of sedition were taken away, especially 
" now that teachers of God's most holy word were plenti- 
*' fully placed in the province." The President and 
Council well knew, they say, that these deceiving in- 
struments swarmed in all the corporate towns, and that, 
whilst they were resident amongst them, the quiet of the 
country would be uncertain, " and that those that would 
" otherwise yield obedience were kept back by the 
" devilish enforcements of these practisers." ^ 

In order to understand what followed, it is necessary 
to remember that there were no laws of this penal cha- 
racter in force in Ireland, to support the proclamation 
of the President and Council of Munster, and the subse- 
quent proclamation of the Eang, in so far as it regarded 
the banishment of the clergy. 

Henry VIII. passed no such law in Ireland. Edward 
VI. held no Parliament whatever in Ireland. Philip and 
Mary were Catholics, and the Parliament they held in 
Ireland passed no penal laws. The Parliament called by 



1 Calendar, vol. I., p. 190. ^ jjj^ 



PREFACE. Ixxv 

Queen Elizabetli in Ireland in ' the second year of lier 
reign passed no Act except tlie Act of Uniformity. There 
was no special enactment in that Act against priests. 

Sir John Davys makes a great merit, at the trial of 
E-obert Lalor, for indicting him under the Statute of Pre- 
munire, passed in King Richard II. 's time, by a " Papist " 
Parliament, and expounded by old Papist judges, and not 
under legislation since the time of Henry VIII. But the 
truth is, that there was no recent legislation for Ireland 
bearing on the case ; and the construction put by Sir 
John Davys and the judges in this case on the Statute 
of Premunire of Hichard II. and the earUer ones of 
Edward I. and Edward III., which he cited in support of 
his argument, was resisted on Lalor's part, as a forced 
and unjust construction. Could it be be supposed, they 
asked, that under a Roman Catholic King, a Parliament, 
whether in England or in Ireland, of Homan Catholic 
bishops, peers, and commons would have passed an Act, 
the direct effect of which must have been the extinction 
of the Roman OathoHc religion ? Now such would be 
the effect of these ancient acts, if Lalor were to be con- 
demned under them for assuming, in virtue of the Pope's 
bull, the office of Vicar- General of Dublin, Kildare, and 
Perns, and issuing dispensations, and exercising that office. 
Every Roman Catholic bishop (for they must all act under 
the Pope's bull) was equally guilty of Premunire. And 
as the whole administration of the Catholic Church was 
derived from the Pope, and was carried on by bishops 
appointed and empowered by bulls from Rome, the whole 
organization was struck with illegality at its source ; and 
the religion must, as the consequences of the judgment 
in Lalor's case, be extinguished. 

This assuredly, they urged, was not the design of the 
Statute of Premunire, and of similar acts, as passed by 



Ixxvi PREFACE. 

the old Catholic Parliaments. All, they contended, that 
these various statutes were designed to effect, was to leave 
the appointments to bishoprics, priories, and rectories to 
the King, or to patrons of rectories in England, and not 
to the Pope, and to forbid appeals to the courts of Rome 
instead of to the ecclesiastical courts in England. It was 
a contest between the rival jurisdictions of the King and 
the Pope, each asserting a right to appoint to Homan 
Catholic offices; and the Statutes of Premunire mairi- 
taiaed for the Kiag the right to appoint and translate 
Boman Catholic bishops to offices in the Homan Catholic 
Church. 

But when the Roman Catholic Church was extinguished 
by law in England and Ireland, all the reason of the law 
ceased; and as Lalor truly said, his office, his decrees, 
his processes, were thenceforward, in the eye of the law, 
merely titular, and of force only m foro conscienticBi not 
in foro judicii. There was no officer of the King's, in 
fact, to be interfered with ; for Lalor's acts only con- 
cerned Catholics, and the Kiag no longer claimed, as at 
the time of the Statutes of Premunire, to appoint a Vicar- 
general for them. 

Nevertheless Sir John Davys, on the other hand, vehe- 
mently urged his own construction. 

" Now, Master Lalor," he triumphantly asked, " What 
" think you of these things ? Did you believe that such 
" laws as these had been made against the Pope 200, 250, 
" 300 years since ? .... Of what religion think you were 
" the propounders and enacters of these laws ? Were 
" they good CathoHcs ? Or good subjects ? Or what 
" were they ? You will not say they were Protestants, 
" for you will not admit the reformed religion to be so 
" ancient as those times .... They were Papists as well 
" as you, but they . . . thought it a good point of religion 



PREFACE. Ixxvii 

' to be good subjects, to honour their King, to love their 
' country, and to maintain the laws and liberties thereof, 

* howsoever in other points they did err, and were misled 
' by the Church of Rome. So now (Master Lalor) you 

* have no excuse, no evasion; but your conscience 

* must condemn you as well as the law ; since the law- 
' makers and all religious Papists and Protestants do con- 
' demn you. "Unless you think yourself wiser than all 
' the bishops that were then in England, or all the judges 

* who were learned in the Civil and Canon Laws, as well as 
' in the Common Law of England j " with much more of 

the same sort. To these instances he added the laws made 
by the Parliament of L?eland in Edward I., Edward III., 
and Henry VI. 's days, concluding with the statute passed 
in the 16th year of Edward IV. in Ireland, condemning 
such as purchased any bulls of provision in the Court 
of Eome, as soon as they had published them to the 
hurt of any incumbent, to be adjudged traitors ; which 
act (he added in conclusion), " if it be not repealed by 
" the statutes of Queen Mary, may terrify Master Lalor 
*' more than all the acts which are before remembered." ^ 



PENAL PROCEEDINGS AGAINST THE CATHOLIC 

LAITY. 

Such were the proceedings upon that branch of the 
King's proclamation of 4th July 1605 against any further 
connivance at the presence of the Roman CathoHc clergy 
in Ireland, and his determination for the banishment of 



1 Les Reports cles Cases et Matieres en Ley Resolves et Adjudges en 
les Courts del Roy en Ireland. Collect et Digest per Sir John Davis, 
Chivaler, Atturney-Generall del Roy en cest Realm. Folio. London, 
1674. 



Ixxviii PREFACE. 

the whole of them by the 10th December in that year. It 
is time now to turn to the other branch of the same pro- 
clamation, declaring to all his loving subjects of Ireland 
his resolve that they never should have from him any 
toleration to exercise any other religion than that esta- 
blished by law, and requiring them all to attend divine 
service in the parish churches according to the intent of 
the statute, and on the penalties contained therein, which 
he would have from henceforth put in execution, and to 
consider the state of the law as regarded the lay Catholics 
of Ireland. 

At the accession of King James I. the only penal law 
in force directly affecting the Irish Catholic laity was 
the Statute of 2 Elizabeth, imposing a fine of 12 pence for 
every breach of the injunction in that statute, requiring 
every one to attend the Protestant service in his parish 
church every Sunday and holyday. Small as this fine 
may appear, it ordinarily amounted, with the costs of the 
levy, to ten shillings, through the practices of the under 
officers. 

Even without any other addition it was ruinous to 
peasants, churls, and poor tradesmen. ^ To the wealthier 
Catholics it was less afflictive. But as the King and his 
counsellors had resolved no longer to connive at the 
private exercise of their religion by the Catholics of Ire- 
land, which Queen Elizabeth had so long acquiesced in, 
they determined to find some means of compelling the 
attendance of the wealthier Catholics at the services of 
the Established Church ; and as they deemed the penal- 
ties of the Statute of 2 Elizabeth too light to effect this 
object, they had recourse to the King's prerogative and 
the invention of royal " Mandates." These were letters 

1 Sir John Davys to Salisbury. Calendar, vol. I., p. 466. 



PREFACE. Ixxix 

under the Privy or Broad Seal addressed to any of his 
subjects by name, by the King, commanding his particular 
attendance at church in the presence of the Deputy, 
or of the President of the Provinces of Munster and 
Oonnaught, or of their respective councils. Disobedience 
in such cases was to be construed into a contempt of 
the King's Majesty, to be punished by the censure or 
decree of the Court of Star or Castle Chamber, with a 
heavy fine and imprisonment during pleasure. The juris- 
diction in such cases was completely novel and unheard of. 
It was intended against the wealthier Catholics, and was 
to be first tried in cities and boroughs, as it was thought 
that if the necks of the chief men of these places were 
bowed, the rest of the country and the poorer Catholics 
would submit. The practices, therefore, against the Irish 
CathoKcs were twofold, i.e., against the common people 
and the wealthier townsmen, a distinction which should 
be kept in mind. The proceedings also were taken by 
two different jurisdictions, by the Deputy and Council at 
Dublin and by the Presidents and Councils in Munster 
and Connaught. We shall consider the courses taken at 
the capital and in the provinces. 

Beginning with Dublin, it appears that on the putting 
forth of the King's proclamation of 4th July 1605, the 
nobility and gentry of the English Pale prepared a petition 
most numerously signed, praying for a suspension of the 
order for the banishment of the priests. They deplored, 
they said, the sinister information, given, as it would seem 
to them, against the honour, loyalty, and duty of His Ma- 
jesty's faithful subjects of Ireland, as though they were or 
might, by the inducement of priests (a matter they pro- 
tested never used by any of them) be alienated in their 
affections ; which information had induced this proclama- 
tion, forbidding them the private use of their religion, and 

2. • f 



Ixxx PREFACE. 

exposing them to the penalties enacted against it by the 
Statute.^ They therefore prayed the Deputy to suspend it 
till they might have recourse to the King himself. Mean- 
timCj however, Sir Arthur Chichester and the Councilj in- 
stead of suspending the King's proclamation, were prepar- 
ing another edition of it, which they put forth on 16th 
October with a new and more fatal clause. Eor whilst that 
of the 5th July 1605 threatened the penalties of the Statute 
of 2 Elizabeth against o£Penders, the new proclamation was 
in these words, "not only on the penalties therein con- 
" tained [in the statute of 2 Eliz.], but also upon 
" pain of His Majesty's high displeasure, and of such 
" further punishments as may be lawfully inflicted upon 
*' the wilful contemners of His Majesty's royal commands, 
" proclamations, and prerogatives." ^ 

The purpose of this fresh proclamation with its new 
clause was to bring the recusants within the grasp of 
the Court of Castle Chamber. Upon this proclamation, 
therefore, there were issued mandates in the King's name 
to sixteen of the chief aldermen and citizens of Dublin to 
attend the Mayor to Christ Church to hear divine service, 
and to present themselves there before the Lord Deputy 
and Council.'^ 

As the aldermen failed to attend, they were sum- 
moned before the Cornet of Castle Chamber, and on the 
first day nine were fined, six in 100^. each, the others in 
50^. J and " the last part of the sentence," writes Sir 
Arthur Chichester, " was that they should all remain 
" prisoners in this castle during the Lord Deputy's and 

1 Petition to the Lord Deputy by the nobility and gentry of the English 
Pale, Calendar, vol. I., p, 362. 

2 See the account of these proceedings in the letter of the Lord Deputy 
and Council to the Lords of the King's Privy Council, 5 December 1605, 
lb., p. 855. 

3 Double of the Mandates, dated 12th November 1605. lb., p. 346. 



PREFACE. Ixxxi 

" tMs Court's pleasure.^ And he adds that the Court 
directed part of the fines to be laid out on repairing the 
churches in Dublin that remained ruinous since the blast 
of gunpowder, part to the relief of the poor scholars in 
the college, and in other necessary and charitable uses ; 
that they might perceive it was not thek goods but their 
conformity that was sought.^ 

In the beginning of 1606 the rest were fijied in like 
manner and imprisoned during pleasure.^ 

The imprisoned aldermen, in order to defeat the censure 
or decree, made over aU their goods to their children, pren- 
tices, and friends ; and when these gifts were impeached 
by the Attorney-General as fraudulent, the jury would 
not find them so ; whereupon he proceeded in the Castle 
Chamber, all the judges being called to assist, and the 
deeds were condemned as void to bar the King's execution. 
" The best precedent and example," says Sir John Davys 
in his report to Salisbury, " that had been made in that 
" kingdom for many years:" * 

PETITION OF THE GENTRY OF THE ENGLISH PALE. 

These unwonted proceedings raised universal indigna- 
tion among the Catholics. 

Lord Gormanston and Lord Trimleston, Lord Killeen and 
Lord Howth, complained temperately to Salisbury with 
regard to the proclamation, that greater severity was used 
in the execution of it than the law appointed or His 
Majesty intended ; as the King's proclamation (of 5th July 
1605) expressed that the penalties should be referred to 
what was contained in the Statutes of this realm; yet 
(under tbe other of 16th October 1605), for not going to 

1 Calendar, vol. I., p. 350. ^ See the Censure or Decree, lb., p. 348. 

3 Sir John Davys to Salisbury, February 1606, lb., p. 402. 

4 lb., p. 402. 

f 2 



Ixxxii PREFACE. 

church, men were bound over (as if it had been some 
outrageous contempt or heinous riot) to appear in the 
Castle Chamber, ''which never before had been used as 
" a Spiritual Consistory," and were there fined and im- 
prisoned ; " and for levying those fines (at this present) 
" their houses and doors are broken up, their wives and 
" poor children distressed and terrified, with divers other 
" extremities too long to relate." ^ 

Meantime the subscribers of the petition, represented 
by Lord Gormanston and Sir Patrick Barnewall, being 
very pressing for an answer to it, Chichester thereupon 
summoned them, together with Richard Netterville, old 
Henry Burnell, and Christopher Platsbury, the chief 
contrivers of the multitudinous petition, and committed 
them to the Castle prison.^ 

Sir Patrick Barnewall, though he declared he was not 
the contriver of the petition, signed and defended it in 
what Sir Arthur Chichester and the Council describe as 
the most obstinate and indecent manner.^ They state 
that on the Deputy's insinuating that considering the late 
treason in England (alluding to the Gunpowder Plot), 
he saw reasons for thinking there might be concert be- 
tween the petitioners and the traitors, Sir Patrick Barne- 
wall said, " that the Deputy's speech was wire-drawing, 
" and without probability or likelihood." And soon after, 
being pressed by the Chancellor about his religion, which 
was contrasted with the established religion, and which 
the Chancellor, the Lord Bishop of Meath, happened 
(they add) to call " the King's religion," he forthwith in- 
terposed, "That is a profane speech." Whereupon the 



1 "Noblemen of the English Pale to my Lord," 8 December 1605. 
Calendar, vol. I., pp. 365, 366. ' . 

2 Deputy and Council to Lords, 13 December 1605, lb., p. 358. 

3 Lord Deputy and Council to the Lords, lb., p. 446. 



PREFACE. Ixxxiii 

Chief Justice laid open to liini his transgression in de- 
fending the petition, and how he had incurred the penalty 
of a contempt hy his remarks without any regard to the 
place ; upon which he hade the Chief Justice " leave his 
" carping," and therewith struck the cushion hefore the 
Deputy sitting in Council, and held his hand thereon till 
he was reproved for it/ 

But, as usual, Sir John Davys gives one of the most 
graphic accoimts of this scene in a postscript to his letters 
to Salishury. 

In the earlier part of his letter he recounts the pro- 
ceedings against the aldermen, and their committal to 
prison; upon which he remarks, that they, the Star- 
Chamher, " would prove a good School-Hoiise to teach 
" that people ohedience." He then adds : — 

" P.S. — I had almost forgotten one circumstance. 
When Sir Patrick Barnewall was committed from the 
Council tahle, ' Well,' said he, ' we must endure as we 
' have endured many other things.' ' What mean you 

* by that ? ' said the Deputy. * We have endured,' said 
Barnewall, *the late war, and other calamities besides." 
' Yoti endured the misery of the late war ? ' said the 
Deputy. * No, Sir. . We have endured the misery of the 
' war ; we have lost our blood and our friends, and have 

* indeed endured extreme miseries to suppress the late 
'rebellion, whereof your priests, for whom you make 
' petition, and your wicked religion, was the principal 
' cause.' And so without any reply (he says in con- 
clusion) he was committed to the constable." ^ 

Sir Patrick Barnewall, who had suffered so severely, 
jcomments, in his defence to the Earl of Salisbury, on 
these proceedings and the proceedings in regard to himself. 

1 Calendar, vol. I., p. 447. 2 ib., p. 372. 



Ixxxiv PREFACE. 

He protests that lie scanned the petition of the Pale 
when presented to him (being then in the remotest parts 
of the Pale, and not the author of it), and conceived it to 
he dutifully framed and void of offence. He represents 
to Salisbmy that sending Mandates under the Broad 
Seal to the aldermen and chief citizens, and fining and 
imprisoning them by the Star Chamber, was affirmed by 
all the learned to be contrary to the law which appoints 
the proceedings and the penalty in the case of offence, 
and absolutely forbids all other. " The invention of the 
" Mandates,"^ he proceeds, " is solely ascribed by general 
opinion to Sir James Ley, the now Lord Chief Justice, 
a man generally behated throughout this kingdom, who 
in the court where he sitteth, to the great scandal of 
justice, denieth men the copy of their indictments. 

The execution of these judgments in the 

" Star Chamber is thought (he says in conclusion) pre- 
" posterous, men's houses and doors being broken up by 
" the serjeant-at-arms in search of their goods ; and by 
" this unlawful course of proceeding he greatly fears 
^' that even now are laid down the foundations of some 
" future rebellion, to which, though twenty years be gone, 
" the memory of these extremities may give pretence." ^ 

Whilst the aldermen and wealthier citizens were thus 
dealt with as for a contempt of the King's Mandate in 
the Castle Chamber, the lower burgesses were indicted 
in the King's Bench on presentments of the grand juries, 
finding them recusant, under the 2 Elizabeth, in not at- 
tending the Protestant service in their parish churches. 
These presentments were founded on lists, brought in by 

1 " Complaint of some indicted of Recusancy against Sir James Ley." 
Calendar, vol. T., p. 398. 

2 Sir Patrick Barnewall to Salisbury. lb., p. 373. 



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PREFACE. Ixxxv 

the dmrchwardens, of all the Papists in the parish who 
had neglected to come to church. 

■ Sir John Davys, in the year 1607, vaunts the effect of 
it to Salisbury: — " Por the matter of religion," he says, 
the constant execution of the penal law of twelve pence 
for every Sunday and holyday prevails so much, that 
in Meath all the inhabitants of the town of Trim, in 
Westmeath the greatest part of Mullingar, conform 
" themselves ; in the King's and Queen's Counties, where 
" there are colonies of English, many entire parishes are 
reformed, namely and specially, the towns of Philips- 
town and Maryborough come to church. The reforma- 
" tion wrought in this kind through the kingdom is 
principally effected through the civil magistrate ; for the 
churches which are yet in ruin everywhere, and whereof 
the greatest number want curates to perform Christian 
" duties in them, accuse the clergy of extreme negli- 
" gence."^ 

And again, in a letter to Salisbury of 30th of March 
1607, " This being a time which was wont to be dedicated 
" to devotion and the service of God, his Lordship (Sir 
" Arthur Chichester, Lord Deputy) had used his best 
endeavour to bring the people to church, wherein being 
assisted by some of the Council and bishops, he has 
prevailed so far with the richer inhabitants of this town, 
" that out of twelve or thirteen aldermen ten had con- 
" formed themselves, and twenty other of the chief bur* 
*' gesses. To reduce the commoners of this town a com- 
" mission of oyer and terminer was granted unto him 
(Sir John Davys) and some others. They had indicted 
the greatest number of the householders, together with 
" their wives and children and servants, upon the penal 



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1 Sir John Davys to Salisbury, 7 August 1607, Calendar, vol. II., p. 250. 



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Ixxxvi PREFACE. 

" Statute of 2 Elizabeth, whicli imposetli a forfeiture of 
" twelve pence for not coming to churcli every Sunday 
" and holyday. This little penalty, with some extra- 
ordinary diligence in calling them in by the poll to 
plead to the indictment, hath brought to conformity 
200 of the commons ; and they hope, before the Peast 
of Easter be passed, a greater number will be added. — 
Drogheda, 30 March 1607." ' 
And Sir John, judging of the Irish national character, 
from what had taken place in England, was under the 
persuasion that these penal courses would turn the Irish 
into Protestants. 

" Touching this work of reformation " (meaning, he 
adds, the bringing of the people to church) " the State is 
engaged in it, and it must be constantly pursued or else 
they must ever thereafter despair to do anything in it* 
It may seem to have " difficiles aditiis ;^ but he was 
strongly persuaded that it would have a general good 
success, for the Irishry, priests, people, and all, will (he 
confidently adds) come to church. The Lord Deputy told 
him the priests within his government of Knockfergus 
had for the most part taken the oath of supremacy, and 
Sir Eoulk Conway, the Deputy Governor there, told him 
" that since the. proclamation published they came to 
" him and offered to conform themselves. The like is to 
be presumed of the multitude in general throughout 
the kingdom ; for so it happened in King Edward VI.'s 
" days, when more than half the kingdom were Papists ; 
" and again in the time of Queen Mary, when more than 
half the kingdom were Protestants ; and again in 
Queen Elizabeth's time, when they were turned Papists 



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1 Sir John Davys to Salisbury, Calendar, vol. II., p. 131. 



PEEFACE. IxXXVii 

" The multitude was ever made conformable hj edicts 
" and proclamations, and fchough. the corporations in that 
" realm and certain of the principal gentlemen stood out, 
" and the multitude only by their example, yet if this 
" one corporation of Dublin were reformed, the rest would 
" follow ; and if these gentlemen now in the Castle were 
" reduced, the whole Pale would be brought to confor- 
" mity ; therefore he beseeches Salisbury not to despair 
'' of the success of this business, though there were some 
" opposition at the first." ^ 

THE CATHOLIC CLEKGY IN MUNSTER 

We must turn now from Leinster and the capital to the 
provinces, and especially to Munster, as there remain 
better memorials of the proceedings there than in Con- 
naught. We shall observe the same order as in the fore- 
going part, and deal with the treatment, first, of the 
clergy ; secondly, of the burgesses and wealthier Catholics ; 
and thirdly, of the common sort. 

And firstly, as regards priests. Sir Henry Brouncker, 
the President of that province, has set forth in a remark- 
able paper ^ his " reasons why religion should be enforced, 
" especially in the cities of Munster, seeing that they will 
" not by persuasion and fau' means be brought to church." 

" Religion," it is there said, " must be planted in Ireland first in 
.the cities ; for if cities be reformed, the country will follow, they 
being lanterns to the country round about. 

" The flame of true religion breaking out in the towns, the sparks 
will fly abroad and kindle a fire in the country that will burn up 
aU the weeds of barbarism in time, Religion in Germany, France, 
and the Low Countries took the beginning and seed of reformation 
from the cities. 



1 Letter dated 8 December 1605, Calendar, vol. L, p. 372. 

2 " Concerning Reformation of Religion in Ireland," lb., p. 543. 



Ixxxviii PREFACE. 

" Keligion may be planted," it continues, " without the supposed 
difficulties. 

" First, the Irish generally make no great conscience of any re- 
ligion. For proof hereof, as the Lords stand affected, so goeth 
religion current with the tenants. The Lord Bishop of Cork brings 
all his tenants with him to church at Rosse, where he resides, and 
hath an Irishman that expounds to them, to whom they are wonder- 
fully attentive. Sir John Dowdall did the like with his tenants 
until they were chided, as they say themselves, by their neighbours 
of Youghall, and durst come no more. Sir Francis Barkly assumes 
the like conformity with his tenants. 

" Secondly, many expect and long to be enforced that they may 
have an excuse for their coming to church. For this only point of 
disfavour and discountenancing by their kinsfolk and neighbours in 
their private affairs, keeps many back that would fain come to 
church, if it were not for that lion that lies in their way ; and 
those that live in the country do daily see that they are all 
maligned and deadly hated as devils and heU-hounds if they come 
once to church, and their Catholic wives will neither eat nor lie 
with their husbands if they be excommunicated for heretics, as pre- 
sently they are by the priests if they come to the Protestant service. 
The priests prevail mightUy throughout all Ireland with the women, 
and they with their husbands. This general disgrace that they 
receive upon their conformity, is a main reason that some who 
go not to mass, dare not come to church and communicate with 
Protestants. 

" If Popery be suffered to nestle in Ireland (as yet it doth), seeing 
that the laws here are not so strict against recusants, both English 
priests and Papists will come over into Ireland and make their dens 
there, as they have done already, to the exceeding danger of both 
kingdoms. 

" There is great likelihood," he continues, " that religion might 
be planted in Ireland without any tumult. This is to be considered, 
that there was never yet any Irish martyr. 

*' And it may be the more easily planted l^cause the country is 
yet poor, and they have few or no good horses, and the plantations 
in the north and our union with Scotland are snaffles in their jaws 
to restrain them from excursions or rebellions as yet ; for without 
foreign aid their force is as nothing. 

" Lastly, the safe and secure laws against all Romish treason 
made in England, and an uniform government in the church of 



PREFACE. Ixxxix; 

Scotland, so much enforced, may make them worthily fear and 
speedily expect that religion shall not be neglected, much less for- 
gotten, in Ireland. Therefore, to conclude with one heating to 
make two nails, it shall rivet the State of Ireland, plant religion, 
and kill rebellion." 

Impelled by such motives, Sir Henry Brouncker pro- 
ceeded to those severe measures against the people of the 
towns and cities within his province and presidency. He 
was the first, as already mentioned, to proclaim the 
banishment of the clergy of his province.^ How little 
effect it had appears from the account given by the Earl 
of Thomond, who was appointed, jointly with Sir E>ichard 
Moryson, on Brouncker's death, to govern the province tiU 
a new president should be appointed. On 6th September 
1607, he writes to Salisbury that he found the province 
swarming with priests, and had placed some horse at 
Clonmel and Cashel under good officers, hoping to take 
some of them, those towns being their chief resort, but 
aU in vain. They were so befriended that none of them 
could be caught.^ 

THE CATHOLIC LAITY IN MUNSTElt. 

To pass from the priests to the Catholic laity of the 
province of Munster. On 12th November 1606, Sir John 
Davys describes the course he took as Commissioner of 
Assize and Gaol Delivery in the counties of Wicklow, 
"Wexford, and Waterford. 

" When we came to Waterford, where we sat first," 
says Sir John Davys, " we found there the Lord President 
" of Munster (Brouncker) with others of the Council of 
" that province. The principal business we had to do, 
" and which drew mv Lord President to meet us here. 



1 The proclamation will be found at Calendar, vol. I., p. 190. 

2 Calendar, vol. IL, p. 258. 



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XC PREFACE. 

" was to inflict some punislunent upon tlie obstinate 
recusants of that city, which hitherto had not been 
performed. The course we took against them was of 
" two kinds : Against the principal aldermen we pro- 
ceeded by way of censure at the council table of the 
province for their several contempts against the King's 
" proclamations and the special commandments of the Lord 
President under the council seal of Munster. Against 
the multitude wp proceeded by way of indictment upon 
" the Statute of 2 Elizabeth, which giveth only twelve 
" pence for absence from church every Sunday and holy- 
" day. The fines imposed at the table were not heavy, 
" being upon some, 50Z. apiece, upon others 40^., so that 
" the total sum came but to 400^.; but there were so 
" many of the commoners indicted that the penalty given 
" by the Statutes came to 240^., or thereabouts."^ The 
Lords of the Privy Council returned thanks to Sir Henry 
Brouncker for these proceedings, and informed him that 
they had since written to the magistrates of Waterford 
that they might find, besides their offence towards God 
himself, what hazard they ran of their estates and for- 
tunes, by His Majesty's displeasure, if they continued to 
provoke him in this manner by their contumacy.^ 

From Waterford they proceeded to New Koss to indict 
the recusants of that place and of the town of Wexford, 
and, finding that the Wexford jury declined to present 
their fellow townsmen as recusants, " we were fain," 
says Sir John Davys, " to threaten them with the Star 
" Chamber before they would return any presentment to 



« us."« 



1 Calendai-, vol. II., pp. 14, 15. 

2 Lords of the Privy Council to Sir Henry Brouncker, "Whitehall, 23 
December 1606, lb., p. 47. 

3 lb., p. 16. 



PREFACE. xci 

At Clonmel, at Casliel, at Youghal, at Limerick, at 
Cork, and in every town througliout Munster, similar 
proceedings were taken and fines imposed. In order to 
the levy of these fines through the officers of the Ex- 
chequer, the Presidents were ohliged to return thither 
estreats (or extracts) from their records of the fines with 
their causes. The following is Sir Henry Brouncker's 
return of the fines laid on in the summer of 1606, when 
Sir John Davys accompanied him : — 

" Court of Exchequer, Trinity Term, 4th of James I., 
Munster. — Certain Fines imposed by the Lord President 
Ai^D Council there, estreated hither, together with the causes 
thereof, and here inrolled. 

" Whereas at the first entrance of me, the Lord President, into 
the government of this province, I did particular!}'- acquaint the 
magistrates, chief aldermen, and burgesses of every city and cor- 
porate town here, with His Majesty's express pleasure, so that they 
might not longer forbear to perform the outward duty His High- 
ness expected from them, for their orderly repair from time to time 
to the Holy Temple and church of God, there to hear divine service 
and sermons read and preached as become true Christians and good 
subjects to His Majesty ; and so often continued the remembrance 
thereof unto them as I did well conceive they would have bethought 
themselves of the long neglect they had used, and so now have 
called themselves home to the shew of their meet duty ; but find- 
ing in them an apparent neglect not to be removed by such 
easy and gentle admonition, upon my advertisement thereof first 
into England, and soon after unto the Lord Deputy, I received 
a special commandment from His Majesty under his own signature, 
and direction from the Lord Deputy, with instructions to proceed 
with them in a more strict manner ; and withal his Lordship 
sending unto me an exemplification of the statute in the second 
year of Queen Elizabeth, under the broad seal x)f this realm, bearing 
date at Dublin the last day of November last entitled, ' An Act for 
' the Uniformity of Common Prayer and Service in the Church, 
and the Administration of the Sacraments,' I caused an assembly 
of the Council then present, with the mayor, aldermen and com- 
mons of the city of Cork, to attend me, and published the same, 



xcii PREFACE. 

whereby they took precise notice of the contents of the said statute 
and of His Majesty's royal prerogative in case they should rest 
themselves upon the pains recited in the body thereof. But this 
moving no conformity, they being resolved wilfully to contemn 
and disobey it, I proceeded immediately, according to the Lord 
Deputy's instructions, to send forth Mandates in His Majesty's 
own name under the teste of His Highness's privy signet of the 
province, which only required that they should, according to the 
statute, repair orderly upon every Sunday and holy day to their 
parish church or chapel, or some such like place where divine 
service and sermons were read and preached, and there to continue 
soberly and decently during that exercise, otherwise to incur the pain 
and danger of His Majestj^'s high indignation, and to feel the inflic- 
tion of His Highness's prerogative power. And besides these Man- 
dates thus severally sent and delivered unto them, some five times, 
unto some four times, and to the least three times, — I, with such 
of the Council as assisted me from time to time, have often sent for 
them before us, and as weU laboured their conformities to the per- 
formance of their duties according to the tenor of the said Mandates, 
and also laid open to them the damages they would run into by 
contemning the same. But notwithstanding all these good en- 
deavours used by us unto them, which at many times I ceased not 
to work, as also by other privy means that they might have avoided 
further troubles and hindrances, yet would they nob yield any shew 
of obedience to the command of His Majesty's Mandates set forth 
by His Majesty's prerogative. We then, considering the weight of 
the cause in hand, which was not to be neglected by us, however 
they, through lack of grace to discern what was fit to have been 
done, or of good understanding to direct their hearts in the 
obedience and duty required, convented the persons trnder-named 
before us to see if they could give any reason for their con- 
temptuous recusancy ; who upon conference could allege nothing 
else but that their forefathers had continued as they were in the 
Popish religion, and that their consciences tied them to the same, 
not one of them being able to define what conscience was. Yet to 
win them if it might be, or at least to labour the same, and to leave 
no means unattempted that might carry any semblance of effect in 
this godly service, we offered unto them respite to advise, so as 
they would confer with such learned preachers of ours as we should 
assign to work with them ; which motion or anything else that 
might be said or made unto them was of no acceptation, they being 



PREFACE. xciii 

wholly bent obstinately and undutifully to persist in their contu- 
macious recusancy against His Majesty's Royal prerogative com- 
manded them in the said Mandates ; insomuch that after many and 
long delays in this remiss manner used unto them from the 14th 
of November last, at which time the proclamation before remem- 
bered was published, besides my frequent exhortations and admoni- 
tions preceding the same until the 26th day of February last, we 
then at the last time convented them again before us to understand 
their resolute answers, and what they or any of them could allege 
for themselves in defence of such undutiful contempts as they had 
expressed tending to great disloyalty if advantage were taken 
thereof, as they had informed ; who being nothing penitent of any 
contempt, but resolved to maintain the same as a matter of con- 
science, we proceeded to the censuring of them as for contempts 
against His Majesty's commandments, expressed in the Mandates, 
and imposed upon each the fines annexed unto their names, with 
imprisonment during pleasure, the one half of which fines by the 
judgment of the court were assigned for the erecting of an hospital 
in or near the city of Cork, and such other like pious uses, and the 
other half to the use of His Majesty ; the estreats whereof folio weth 
hereunder. Given at Cork under His Majesty's Privy Signet of 
Munster, the 15th of June 1606. 

" Wm. Sarsfield, Mayor of Cork, fined in 100 
Edmd. Galwey, gent. - •- „ 
Edmd. Murrough, merchant - „ 
Thos. Coppinger, gent. - „ 
Henry Gold FitzAdam, merchant „ 
Jno. Tyrry fiz Francis, merchant „ 
Andrew Galwey, gent. (Exone- 
rated because sese conforniavit) „ 
"Walter Coppinger, gent. - „ 
Jefiery Galwey, Sovereign of 

Kinsale - - - „ 

Philip Roche, of same, burgess - „ 

Jas, Meagh „ burgess - „ 

Robert Meagh „ burgess - „ 

Patrick Martell „ burgess - „ 

1 Exchequer Remembrance Roll, Trin. Term, 4 James I., Art. 9. Pub. 
Rec. Of&ce, Ireland. 



£ 


s. 


d. 


100 








60 








60 








60 








50 








50 








50 








100 








100 








50 








50 








50 








40 





0"i 



xciv PREFACE. 

Sir Henry Broimcker, well satisfied, justified his 

measures in the following letter : — 

" Sir Henry Brouncker to the Lords of the Privy Council. 
" Finding by experience and by the loss of his extreme labours 
that his gentleness was abused, he was forced to forget his own 
nature and to deal more severely with the wilful, knowing that 
application brought understanding, and that it is good for offenders 
to be humbled. Thus far he had prevailed, that many of the towns 
are almost wholly reclaimed, and even this city of Cork, however 
stubborn soever not many weeks past, is now so well conformed 
that the mayor, having been brought up amongst the Spaniards, 
and for a long time extremely wilful, has by a little correction been 
brought to church, and so in love with the Word preached, and so 
well satisfied in conscience, that he offered to ' communicate ' with 
liim (Brouncker). Many of his brethren and the commons (he 
continues) follow his example, and the assembly so increases daily 
that he has no doubt all or the most part will conform themselves, 
excepting some ignorant and vain-glorious persons, of whose con- 
version notwithstanding he is not altogether hopeless. The good 
bishop of this diocese has so well provided learned preachers that 
he that cometh to church most unwillingly goeth home both 
comforted and contented, and thankful to him (Brouncker) for 
compelling this obedience." ^ 

Upon Sir Henry Brouncker's death, Sir Richard Mory- 
son, a commissioner for the government of Munster ad 
interim^ affirms in his first report on the state of religion 
in the province where the late Lord President worthily 
laboured to bring it to some perfection, that " almost all 
" the principal men of the towns are either prisoners or 
" upon bonds and other contempts, and but little yet 
" levied. They find and hear of many now relapsed, who 
" in his (Brouncker's) time were conformable ; " ^ hut he 
and the Earl of Thomond, his fellow commissioner, he adds, 
were determined to make the reducing of these the first 



\ 1 Calendar, vol. II., p. 25. 

2 Sir Richard Moryson to Salisbury, Limerick, 25th June 1607, lb., 
pp. 198, 199. 



PREFACE. XCV 

part of their work ; and they had taken a view of all the 

fines of the proyince yet unleyied, which amount to 7,000^. 

Petitions against Brouncker's severity had reached the 

Lords of the Privy Council hefore his death. 

" Many of the merchants and other inhabitants of corporate 
towns, terrified, (says Sir Arthur Chichester) as they pretended, 
with his proceedings, gave over their trades and betook themselves 
into the country, openly professing that they would abandon their 
traffic beyond the seas, rather than the President should be benefited 
by the impost on wines ; and that they would rather incur any 
infliction of the law than that he should gain any glory or commen- 
dation in the work which he intended." ^ 

The Lords upon this (or rather upon the intelligence of 
the troubles brewing) directed that some relaxation should 
be made, as they were apprehensive that the loyalty of 
the towns, which had always been the mainstay of English 
power, and had been built and inhabited by English, and 
faithful to the English interest, should be alienated. 
*' Their loyalty continued steadfast," they write to Sir 
Arthur Chichester, " in the time of the [late] rebellion 
" assisted by the Spanish forces, which makes them fit to 
" be the better cherished, and therefore a special care 
" should be taken for preserving their good aflPection." ^ 

These proceedings against the chief merchants and 
aldermen by way of punishment, as for contempt of the 
King's Mandate, was always accompanied, as against the 
lower orders, by the levy of fines under the Act of 
2 Elizabeth. Another account by Sir John Davys of what 
was done in this respect on the Munster circuit during 
the Lent Assizes of 1606, will well repay attention.^ 

1 Sir Arthur Chichester to the Lords of the Council, 4 August 1607. 
Calendar, vol. II., p. 246. 

2 Lords of the Privy Council to Sir Arthur Chichester, 21 July 1607 
lb., p. 231. 

3 Observations made by Sir John Davys, after a journey made by him in 
Munster, Addressed to the Earl of SaUsbury. lb., p. 463. 

2. g 



XCvi PREFACE. 

THE CATHOLICS OF CONNAUGHT. 

Erom Munster we pass to Gonnaught. 

Of the proceedings in Connaught there is no mention 
in the Calendar; but there is abundant evidence in the 
Kecords of the Exchequer, whither the fines were es- 
treated for collection by the sheriffs, that the same 
activity prevailed there as in Leinster and Munster, in 
compelling the attendance of the Irish Catholics at the 
divine services in the Established Church. These are full 
of entries of fines in short form ; but we give only the 
return by the Vice-President and Council of that province, 
corresponding to that of the President of Munster. 

" ifWunster*! — Certain Fines imposed by the Vice-President 
AND Council there, and sent hither for 
collection. 

" Mem. — That Robert Remington, Knight, Vice-President of the 
province of Connaught, and others of the Council of the said pro- 
vince, have sent hither in this term, subscribed with their hands, 
certain fines by them and others of the Council aforesaid lately 
imposed upon certain persons of the said province for their contempt 
and contumacy, together with the cause of the same, to be levied 
for the King ; the tenor of which follows in these words : — 
" At Galway, the 23rd of March 1605. 

"Memorandum. — Whereas information was given unto us, the 
Vice-President and Council of Connaught, at the Council table, 
against William Lynch Fitz Peter, Oliver Browne, James Lynch 
Fitz Martin, Thomas Browne, and Marcus Lynch Fitz WiUiam, to 
this effect : That whereas the King's most Excellent Majesty, by a 
late public proclamation signed with his hand, in His Majesty's 
palace of Westminster, the 4th day of July in the third year of his 
reign, following, in these words : ' Whereas we are informed that, 
* &c.' " (and then follows the proclamation as in the Calendar). 

" By which said proclamation His Highness did admonish and 
straightly command all his subjects in this realm that they and 



^ Exchequer Remembrance Roll, Easter Term, 5 James I., Art. 6. Pub. 
Rec. OfiEice, Ireland. 



PREFACE. XOVU 

every of them should thenceforth daily resort and come to their 
several parish churches and chapels to hear divine service and ser- 
mons every Sunday and holyday according to the laws and statutes 
of this kingdom, 

" Notwithstanding this, the several persons above named, having 
notice of the said proclamation being published in the market 
place within the said town of Galway, did, after the j)ublication 
thereof, contemptuously disobey His Majesty's commandments set 
forth in the said proclamation, utterly refusing to repair to their 
parish churches or to any cathedral church in the said town ac- 
cording to the tenor and effect of the said proclamation and the 
laws and statutes in that behalf made. Whereupon they the said 
several persons were called before us, the Vice-President and Council 
of this province, and there by us, in mild and temperate manner, 
required eftsoon to yield their obedience to His Majesty's said pro- 
clamation, or to render some good reason to the contrary ; they the 
said several persons before named would not yield anj'- other reason 
of theii" disobedience but that their conscience would not permit 
them to obey the said proclamation, and certified the same under 
their hands before the said Vice-President and Council. And 
whereas in regard of some material variance found between the 
printed copies of the statutes and the original record or roll made 
in the second year of the reign of the late Queen Elizabeth, for 
the Uniformity of Common Prayer, whereby it is enacted, that all 
His Majesty's subjects in this realm shall endeavour themselves to 
repair to their several parish churches or chapels accustomed ; it 
was thought meet to publish a true transcript of the same original 
record under the Great Seal of this realm. Whereupon the said 
record or roll, being transcripted and exemplified under the Great 
Seal of this realm, was publicly proclaimed in the said town of 
Galway ; in the perclose whereof was contained, ' This have the 
' Lord Deputy and Council, in His Majesty's name, declared and 

* published to be the true transcript or copy of the very original 
' record of the said Act, word for word, as it is to be found and 
' seen in the Rolls of the Chancery as aforesaid, and therefore have, 
' in the name of the King's most Excellent Majesty, straightly 
' charged and commanded all and every of His Majesty's subjects 
' within this realm, upon every Sunday and other days ordeyned 

* and used to be kept as holydays, to resort and repair to their 
' parish churches or chapels, and then and there to abide soberly 

g 2 



XCVIU PREFACE. 

' and orderly during the time of common prayer, preaching, or 
' other service of God. And further, to observe and obey all and 
' every the clauses and articles of the said Act according to the 
' tenor and true meaning of the same, not only upon the penalties 
' therein cpntained, but also upon the pain of His Majesty's high 
' displeasure and indignation, and of such further punishment as 

* may be lawfully inflicted upon the contemners of His Majesty's 
' royal commandments, proclamations, and prerogative. Given at 
' His Majesty's Castle of Dublin, the 24th day of October in the 

* 3d year of His Highness's reign of Great Britain and Ireland. ' 

" Which second proclamation the said several persons did also 
disobey and contemn by the like obstinate recusancy as aforesaid. 
And whereas also we, the Vice-President and Council, have directed 
several processes under His Majesty's signet of this province and 
our own hands to the persons above named, charging and com- 
manding them and every of them, on the faithful allegiance by 
which they and every of them were bound unto His Highness's 
authority and prerogative royal, all excuses and delays set apart, 
upon the next Sunday after sight thereof, and so upon every Sunday 
and other day ordained and used to be kept as holydays, that they 
and every of them should resort and repair unto their parish churches 
within the said town, and then and there to abide soberly and 
orderly during the time of common prayer, preaching, or other 
service of God, there to be used, according to the laws and statutes 
of this His Highness's kingdom of Ireland, and then and there to 
attend upon the mayor of the said town during such service and 
sermon ; whereof each and every of them were required not to 
fail upon pain of His Majesty's high displeasure and indignation, 
and of such further punishments as might be inflicted upon the 
contemners of His Highness's laws, proclamations, and royal pre- 
rogative. 

" Which several processes or commandments were delivered unto 
the said several persons above named ; and yet they and every of 
them, in contempt of His Majesty's said commandments and pre- 
rogative, did utterly refuse and forbear to repair to any church or 
chapel upon the Sunday next following the receipt thereof, accord- 
ing to the terms of the said several processes or commandments ; 
upon all which matters they the said several persons aforesaid, 
being bound to appear before us at the Council table, upon a day's 
warning given unto them at their houses, after many godly exhor- 



PREFACE. xcix 

tations and persuasions used towards them by the Lord Archbishop 
of Tuam, the Lord Bishop of Kilmackeogh [Kilmacduagh], and 
other godly and learned ministers and preachers of God's word, 
and by us also and the rest -of His Majesty's Council of this 
province, which were then in place, to withdraw them from their 
perverse and disloyal opinions to the due obedience to His Majesty's 
laws and royal prerogative, and after divers offers made unto them 
of conference with learned divines for their better satisfaction, they 
persisting still in their obstinacy, affirmed that they would not 
repair to any divine service or summons ordained according to the 
laws of this realm, and utterly refused all further conference, 
alleging that they have been bred in the Romish religion, and that 
it is against their consciences to go to the church to hear service or 
sermons. 

" Upon which their £>wn confession and wilful obstinacy, the 
Court proceeding to sentence and judgment; — it is therefore this 
day ordered, adjudged, and decreed by us, the said Vice-President 
and Council, that for their said contempt and wilful obstinacy and 
disobedience, the said William Lych Fitz Peter, Oliver Browne, and 
James Lynch Fitz Martin shall pay every of them for a fine the 
sum of 40Z. sterling, and the said Marcus Lynch Fitz William the 
sum of 301. sterling, and the said Thomas Browne 201. sterling, to 
be levied upon their bodies, lands, goods, and cattle ; the moiety 
whereof to be converted to the repairing of decayed churches, and 
to other charitable uses, at the discretion of the Lord Deputy and 
Council ; the other moiety to be paid into His Majesty's coffers 
and that all and every of the said persons shall be committed 
prisoners to the serjeant-at-arms's deputy of this Council during the 
Lord Deputy's pleasure, and to be put from all magistracy or office 
whatsoever within this town or elsewhere in this kingdom, until 
they and every of them shall conform themselves and take the oath 
of supremacy. 

(Signed) " Robt. Remington. 

" Thomas Dillon. 

" Thomas Rotheram 

£ 
" William Lynch Fitz Peter, fined at - - 40 

"• Oliver Browne, fined at - - - - 40 

*' James Lynch Fitz Martin, fined at - - 40 ■ 

" Marcus Lynch Fitz William, fined at - - 80 

" Thomas Browne, fined at - - - - 20." 



PREFACE. 

In the margin of the Roll, besides the names of the last 
four, — • 

" Mem^. — Iste quatuor Oliver Browne, Jacobus Lynch, Marcus 
Lynch, et Thos. Browne remittuntur per concordatum datum 29° 
die Novembris 1610, et inter recorda de Termino Michaelis eodem 
anno hie irrotulatum, ad 2Sl. 15s. sterling faciens, Irish, Sll. ISs. 4d 
quas solverunt per unam talliam levatam ultimo die Novembris 
1610. Unde habent le quietus est. Et ideo exoneratus hie. 
( ) Cesset processus. 

" Pro Marwood, Dep." ^ 

LEGALITY OF THE MANDATES. 

It remains to state summarily the arguments used in 
justification of this procedure by Mandate, first by Sir 
John Davys, and next by the judges, who were probably 
called upon to furnish precedents in support of the Court 
of Gastle Chamber. 

Sir John Davys grounds his argument on the King's 
ecclesiastical jurisdiction ; but the only precedents he cites 
are the dealings of the early kings with bishops and 
abbots,^ none of which appear to have any bearing on the 
present case, or to justify the summoning of any of the 
King's subjects, lay or ecclesiastical, before the Star 
Chamber for such a contempt as that in question. And 
indeed the weakness of the argument and precedents ap- 
pears to be acknowledged in the elaborate defence of them 
which is found at the close of the volume.^ If there are 
no precedents, says this paper, it is because it cannot be 
found that in either of the two kingdoms any like cause 
was given before at any time since the Conquest ; never 
was found a whole people opposed to the law. And 
the paper proceeds to allege such precedents as can be 

1 Mem. Roll, Easter Term, 6 Jac. I. Art. 6. MS. Pub. Eec. Office, Ire- 
land. 

2 " Sir John Davys's speech at the Censuring of the Recusants." Ca- 
lendar, vol. II., p. 350. 

3 Calendar, vol. I., p. 584. 



PREFACE. Cl 

found. In William Enfus's time Archbishop Anselm, 
against the King's Mandate, went abroad, and all his 
goods were forfeit. In the time of Edward I. Nicholas 
Sagrove went abroad without license, during a state of 
war, and it] was declared, in the opinion of the judges, 
treason. In Edward II.'s time, John of Brittany, being 
sent on a message abroad, refused to obey the King's 
Mandate to return, and it was deemed treason. The 
Abbot Oswald refused to obey the King's Mandate to 
repair to Parliament, and was imprisoned. 

" Queen Elizabeth granted license to one Tothill to print 
" all law books, with an express mandate in the patent 
" whereby all others were forbidden to print the like ; 
" whereupon one Bellew, an Irishman, caused another 
" printer to print an abridgment of the reports of King 
" Bichard II., and departed into Ireland ; but the printer 
" being called into the Star Chamber, was there ore tenus 
" fined and imprisoned for disobeying the Mandate; of 
" which course of proceeding in the like Mandates, the 
" precedents are infinite." 

Turning then from precedent to argument, the paper 
deals with the objection that, if refusing to repair to church 
be so penal under the prerogative, then there needed no 
statute against recusants in England. To this it answers 
that perjury, riot, forgery, taking away of maidens, en- 
grossing of victuals, &c., are punishable by statutes, and 
yet are punishable in the Star Chamber, and the objection 
would apply to the greatest part of their proceedings there. 
Again, the punishments there are not to be extended to all, 
but are to be exercised upon eminent persons and in causes 
most notorious. Thirdly, when the Common Law and 
Statutes inflict such easy punishments that thereby the 
people are not su£B.ciently terrified, then the Star Chamber 
is to be used to stay the increase of offences till more 



CU PREFACE. 

severe laws be enacted. And when, througli a general 
defection or by a general alienation of people's hearts, the 
laws are not executed, then the Star Chamber must take 
hold of the ringleaders. 

" Both which reasons concur in this cause of repair to 
" the church, for though the Statute 2 Ehzabeth inflicts 
" punishment upon recusants, yet the same is so mean, 
" being but 12 pence in the week, that the richer sort 
" rather despise than obey the same ; and likewise by 
" the neghgence of the clergy, and permission which 
" the wars hath occasioned, and the universal defection of 
" the subjects in the course of religion, there is no help 
" but that the King's power and prerogative must begin 
" and make way for his laws, which being once placed 
** need no longer any or other assistance but itself."^ 

We have thought it not uninteresting to enter into these 
particulars regarding this curious and little known episode 
in legal procedure in Ireland. In England this device 
of the Mandates was never tried; in Ireland it ended 
with the determined resistance of Sir Patrick Barnewall. 

THE OATH OF ROYAL SUPREMACY. 

This view of the state of the kingdom during the 
period embraced by the two first volumes of this Calendar 
would be imperfect without some notice of the proceed- 
ings, as well of the Deputy and Council of Ireland, as 
of the Presidency Courts of Munster and Connaught, in 
enforcing the oath of supremacy, by which all Catholics 
were to renounce the spiritual supremacy of the Pope, 
under pain, if elected to office, of forfeiture of the office, 
and of being rendered incapable of office for the time to 

1 " A defence of the proceedings in the Castle Chamber of Ireland upon 
" the Mandates." Calendar, vol. I., p. 584. 



PREFACE. cm 

come ; or if they claimed estates as heirs (the lands being 
held of the Crown), they were not to he put in posses- 
sion till they took the oath. 

A despatch of the Lord Deputy (Sir Arthur Chichester) 
and Council represents the state of affairs on the 29th of 
October 1607, as follows: — After charging the general 
disaffection on the priests, and stating that by their 
persuasions they withdrew many from the church that 
had conformed, and others of whom good hope had been 
conceived they had made altogether obstinate, disobedient, 
and contemptuous, they add, " Most of the mayors and 
principal officers of cities and corporate towns, and 
justices of peace, of this country's birth, refuse to 
take the oath of supremacy as is requisite by the 
" statute. And for an instance, the party that should 
this year have been mayor of Dublui, avoided it, to 
his very great charges, only because he would not 
take the oath. The towns neglect to renew their 

charters, and most gentlemen and others 

" that should sue forth their Kveries, leave the same 
" undone because of the oath." ^ 

The taking of this oath was first imposed in 1537 by 
King Henry VIII. (28 Hen. VIII. c. 13. Irish), but was 
repealed in the third and fourth years of Philip and Mary. 
It was re-enacted, however, by the Parliament of Ireland 
in the second year of Queen Elizabeth (in 1560), not- 
withstandiag the doubt entertained by some that an Act 
so afflictive to Roman Catholics could have been passed 
in a Parliament of which the greater part were of that 
rehgion. 



a 



it 



(( 



se 
a 
(< 
(c 



1 Calendar, vol. II., p. 310. See also the account of the refusal of 
Skelton, elected mayor of Dublin in 1604, to take the oath. lb., vol. I., 
p. 213. 



CIV PREFACE. 

During Queen Elizabeth's reign, however, the taking 
of the oath does not seem to have been enforced.^ It 
began first to be generally exacted shortly after the ac- 
cession of James I. 

It seems to have been contended by the recusant cor- 
porations that, the mayor not being appointed by the King, 
his office was not within the statute, and that there was no 
obligation on him to take the oath. The following opinion 
of Chancellor Ellesmere and Sir Francis Bacon was given 
to solve that doubt : — 

" A DiEECTlON or advice unto His Majesty's Attorney-Generall 
of Ireland, touching certain doubts in lawe, which may 
arise in the proceeding against the recusant corporations in 
Ireland. 

" 1. Are of opinion that it is a contempt if a mayor take oflSce 
without first taking the oath, for which he is punishable in the 
Castle Chamber, and in this they have resolved two doubts which 
had been moved to them. 

" First, that any one promoted by the Queen to any temporal or 
lay office, before he shall take the office upon him, shall take 
the oath of supremacy, &c. ; this extends to a mayor, for 
that he cometh in by the King's authority, mediately, though 
not immediately ; and in a former clause concerning persons 
already possessed of dignities and offices, a mayor is expressly 
named. 



1 The following is in a letter by William Lynch, Sub- Commissioner of 
the Record Commission of 1810, and author of ''Feudal Dignities," &c., 
to Sir James M'Intosh. It must have been written about 1835. "The 
number of persons who sat in Parliament and framed the 2nd of Elizabeth 
is given by Leland. I have lately discovered the persons' names, for what 
places returned, &c. A copy of this I shall transmit, for the purpose of 
its being contrasted with the numbers and persons who were summoned in 
1612, as they appear in the Commons' printed Journals. It was, in fact, 
no representation ; and Elizabeth was aware of that, and the Act became 
a dead letter. By the Court Rolls I find she had her high Ecclesiastical 
Commissioners who occasionally punished for not attending divine service. 
But this was rare ; no more than two or three instances during her reign. 
One of those instances was a merchant of the name of Chamberlain, who 
was punished not only for not attending church, but what was much worse, 



PREFACE. CV 

" Secondly. Though no oath be tendered, yet if he exercise his 
office before he take it, he is punishable, for the word (shall) 
is compulsory, and he is to take it at his peril, and he should 
procure a commission, if no person is authorised to tender the 
oath. 

" Notwithstanding, they advise that for the time to come, commis- 
sions to administer the oath he directed to the presidents in the 
provinces, and to the bishops and other chief officers there ; and 
in the Pale to the bishops and some of the Privy Council, to remain 
dormant with them and to be executed from time to time. 

" 2. Where the corporations by their charters are to choose their 
mayors, de probioribus, discretioribus, vel idoneis viris, if they 
choose notorious recusants, they (Chancellor EUesmere and Francis 
Bacon) were of opinion they were not warranted in choosing such 
persons. 

" 3. When mayors or recorders have exclusive jurisdiction, and 
being themselves recusants, have made no inquiry or conviction 
of recusants for years past, they were of opinion that their charter 
might be questioned upon that point. 

" Recommend for the time to come, that pursuant to the statute 
2 Eliz., the bishop associate hinjself to the mayor and recorder upon 
sessions of oyer and terminer, and call upon them to inquire of 
recusants ; and that a letter be written to the corporations, reproving 
their former neglect, and to give the points of the statute in charge, 
and cause it to be executed in their franchises." 

Signed : " T. Ellesmere, Cane, F. Bacon." ^ 

Endd. : " Instruccons to M^^ Attorney touching recusant corpo- 
" rations." 

for not compelling an unruly wife to accompany him. The appointment of 
the sherifis for counties are enrolled with memoranda of their taking 
the oaths ; from which it appears that the oath of supremacy was not 
administered. 

" Those statutes were, with the exception of [the appointments] of the 
Lord Lieutenant, the Lord Chancellor, and such [like oflfices], a dead 
letter ; but the Irish writers assert too much when they say they never 
were formally passed, but were forged after Queen Elizabeth's death." 

" Fair draft on foolscap, MS. in A. Lynch's handwriting, among the col- 
lections of James Frederic Ferguson, Esq., deceased, late secretary to the 
Commission for arranging the Exchequer Records, preserved in the Public 
Record Office, Dublin. It is addressed as follows : " To the Right Hon. Sir 
" James M'Intosh, M.P., Maer Hall, Newcastle-under-Lyne, Staffordshire.'' 

1 Carte Papers, vol. 61, p. 64. 



CYl PREFACE. 

Sir Henry Brouncker was as rigorous in enforcing this 
branch of the statute of 2 Elizabeth as in compelling 
the Irish Catholics to attend at the Protestant places of 
worship. The Rolls of the Exchequer again furnish a 
record of his proceedings in this respect, many instances 
of which would be forthcoming but for the loss of all 
the records, as well of his presidency of Munster as of 
those of Connaught. 

" ifHun0tet«— Of certain Fines imposed by the Lord Presi- 
dent THERE, returned INTO THE EXCHEQUER 

BY THE King's Writ of Certiorari, here 

ENROLLED. 

" Cork to wit : Proceedings at the Council table in the province 
of Munster, with the under-named persons, citizens of Cork, by 
and before the Lord President and Council there, in manner as 
folio weth : — 

"13°die Juliil606. ' 

" William Sarsfield, late mayor of the city of Cork, being by the 
Lord President deposed from his office of magistracy for denyino- 
to take the oath of supremacy, and the town and corporation having 
made a new choice and presented their new chosen mayor unto his 
Lordship, who took the said oath without scruple when by his Lord- ■ 
ship he was required so to do, he, the said William Sarsfield, after 
all this done, made flat denial to deliver up to the said new elected 
mayor the cap of maintenance, the sword, and other the ensigns 
belonging to the said office ; which being complained of unto the 
said Lord President by the said mayor, his Lordship first sent unto 
the said William Sarsfield one Henry Toakefield, Esq., requiring 
him to render up the said ensigns, to whom the said Sarsfield gave 
answer he would not, and for reason delivered that he stood 
doubtful whether he were lawfully deposed or not; upon return 
of which answer, his Lordship the next morning after, being the 
12th of July 1606, sent the gentleman porter requiring the said 
Sarsfield to come before his Lordship to answer his contempts, to 
whom he gave light answer that he was not well, and that if he 
were better in the afternoon he would then attend, with which 
answer, his Lordship not resting satisfied, understanding that he 
was nob sick at all, sent a second command unto him, under his 
hand, for to repair unto him ; which command the said Sarsfield 



PREFACE. cvii 

also contemptuously neglected and disobeyed ; upon which severa^l 
obstinate contempts his Lordship then employed the serjeant-at- 
arms to bring him to his Lordship, who having, upon his duty of 
allegiance, arrested and attached him in that behalf, he, notwith- 
standing, continued his former obstinacy and refused to come with 
him. 

" To all which contempts of his, his Lordship gave way for that 
night, and the next morning his Lordship sent the gentleman porter 
and warned the mayor at one o'clock in the afternoon, together 
with all his brethren, to attend upon his Lordship, and withal sent 
a fresh command unto Sarsfield, together with the rest of the pri- 
soners (sic) to wait upon the mayor thither ; which command the 
said mayor duly observed, bringing with him few or none of his 
brethren, for that it seemed they denied to attend upon him ; but 
the said William Sarsfield, coming some distance of time after the 
said mayor, he brought with him, and attenduig upon him, the best 
and chiefest of the citj'', in manifestation of his inward affection and 
in open opposition to what he was required and commanded. Unto 
all which several misdemeanours and contempts of his, he, being 
then required by his Lordship to make direct answer, and first, why 
upon his Lordship's command he delivered not the ensigns to the 
new elected mayor, he, to that point, answered that he knew 
'not where they were ; and it being presently then proved before 
him that they were in his house and at his command, he then 
answered, as formerly to Mr. Toakefield, that he stood doubtful of 
his lawful deposing, and that upon the Lord. Deputy coming to 
town, they use and are accustomed to deliver up unto his Lordship 
both their ensigns and keys, but at no other governor's command 
whatsoever. And being then by his Lordship required to make 
answer to his other several contempts in not appearing, being so 
often sent for and comman'ded, and in not attending the mayor as 
he was required, he was thereto, in a manner, silent, and could 
make no reasonable answer at all in justification or defence of 
himself 

" Upon al] which matters his Lordship and the rest of the Council 
there assisting him, having duly considered and found all and 
whatsoever past has proceeded out of a most obstinate and wilful 
mind of his, and altogether in contempt of the State and authority 
of the table there, they have therefore proceeded with him, and for 
his said wilful misdemeanours and contempts have imposed upon 



CVUl PREFACE. 

him for a fine the sum of 5001. sterling, with a further censure of 
imprisonment during His Majesty's pleasure/' ^ 

DATE OF SHAKESPEARE'S KING HENRY VIH. 

In tlie discourse of '' John Hudson on the State of 
" Ireland," already cited, there is an allusion which 
may deserye a passing notice on account of its possible 
bearing on the discussions regarding the order and chro- 
nology of Shakespeare's plays. 

In referring to the " nobility and gentry of English race 

" in Ireland," Hudson aUudes to the fate of Gerald, the 

ninth Earl of Kildare, and of that of his son, the so- 

caUed "Silken Thomas," and the Earl's brothers, and 

ascribes their downfall to the " sinister practices of 

" Cardinal Wolsey." 

" The Earl of Kildare (grandfather to the now Earl of Kildare)/' 
he writes, probably in 1604 or early in 1605, " who married the 
Marquis Dorset Gray's daughter, being Lord Deputy of that realm 
in King Henry the Eighth's time, was called into England, dis- 
graced, and attainted in Ireland. After, he died in prison in 
England, where he lived a long time, and his brothers and eldest 
son were deprived of their lives by the sinister practices of Cardinal 
Wolsey, set forth at large in the Irish Chronicle, and of late acted 
publicly upon the stage in London, in the tragedy of the life and 
death of the said Wolsey, too tedious to be reported ^to Your 
Majesty. By which attainder, the House of Kildare lost lands of 
good value in England and Ireland/' ^ 

This allusion to a recent representation on the stage of 
the tragic story of the Earl of Kildare and his kindred, 
might at first sight very naturally be explained by the 
passage in the first scene of the second Act of Shake- 
speare's Henry VIII., in the conversation of the " two 
" gentlemen" on occasion of the attainder of "the Great 



1 Court of Exchequer. Remembrance Roll, 5 James I., Easter Term, 
Art. 3. 

2 Calendar, vol. I., pp. 234-5. 



PREFACE. cix 

" Duke of Buckingliam ;" in wMch, as in the above 
passage, tlie ruin of the Kildares is distinctly traced to the 

machinations of Wolsey. 

2 Gent 

" Certainly, 
The Cardinal is the end of this." 

1 Gent 

'' 'Tis likely, 

By aU conjectures ; first, Kildare's attainder, 
Then Deputy of Ireland ; who removed. 
Earl Surrey was sent thither, and in haste too, 
Lest he should help his father." 

2 Gent 

" That trick of state 
"Was a deep envious one." 

1 Gent 

" At his return 

No doubt he will requite it. This is noted, 
And generally ; whoever the King favours. 
The Cardinal instantly wiU find employment, 
And far enough from Court too." 

If it were certain that Hudson's allusion is really to 
Shakespeare's Henry VIII., the passage would be of great 
interest as determining the well-known controversy as to 
the date of that play. That controversy is in part founded 
upon the address of Cranmer at the baptism of the infant 
Elizabeth, part of which (although all professes to be 
prophetical) appears to imply that the Queen was still 
living, while another part equally plainly seems to suppose 
her successor already seated upon the throne. On the 
one hand Cranmer foretells — 

" She shall be, to the happiness of England, 
An aged princess ; many days shall see her. 
And yet no day without a deed to crown it. 
Would I had known no more ! hut she must die ; 
She must — the saints must have her ; yet a virgin, 
A most unspotted lily, shall she pass 
To the ground, and all the world shall mourn her." 



ex PREFACE. 

On the other hand, the following prophetical panegyric 
upon James would hardly have been produced upon the 
stage during the lifetime of his jealous predecessor. 

" Nor shall this peace sleep with her ; but as when 

The bird of wonder dies, the maiden phoenix, 

Her ashes new create another heir, 

As great in admiration as herself ; 

So shall she leave her blessedness to one 

(When Heaven shall call her from this cloud of darkness), 

Who, from the sacred ashes of her honour, 

Shall starlike rise, as great in fame as they, 

And so stand fixed." 

Henry VIII,, Act v. scene 4. 

It will be remembered that Johnson and Steevens are 
of opinion that the play of Henry VIII. was written 
before the death of Queen Elizabeth, 24th March 1602-3; 
while Mr. Collier, on the contrary, is satisfied both by 
internal and external evidence, that *' it came from the 
" poet's pen after James I. had ascended the throne," ^ 
with which opinion Mr. Dyce ^ agrees. Both views turn 
in a great degree upon the passage just quoted. 

If, therefore, it were certain that the play to which 
Hudson refers, is really Shakespeare's drama, now known 
as " King Henry VIII.," the allusion to its having been 
"lately acted publicly on the stage in London " would be 
a strong confirmation of Mr. Collier's opinion as to the 
date of its composition. But it must be confessed that 
this is by no means clear. Hudson not only does not 
speak of this play to which he refers, as Shakespeare's, 
but even names it by an entirely different title — "The 
" Life and Death of Cardinal Wolsey." Now none of 
the early commentators, so far as we are aware, has ever 
spoken of Shakespeare's play " King Henry the Eighth," 
as known under the title of " Cardinal Wolsey ; " and 

1 Collier's Shakespeare, v. 496. ^ Dyce's Shakespeare, v. 480. 



PREFACE. cxi 

on the other hand there was a piece hy another author, 
not only written hut produced on the stage with this 
very name, in the first years of the seventeenth century. 
Henslowe, in his Diary, refers in numherless entries of 
the year 1601,^ to a play which he calls " The Booke of 
'' Carnalle Woolseye's Lyfe." It was written hy " Harye 
Chettell ; " and Henslowe's Diary is replete with memo- 
randa of charges incurred in the preparation of it for 
the stage. So far, therefore, as the title is concerned, 
it would be more natural to suppose that Hudson alludes 
to " Harye Chetteirs " play. 

In itself, therefore, the passage from Hudson, although 
of great interest, can hardly he considered as decisive. 
And as Chettell's piece is no longer extant, and as 
nothing is known of its contents, it is impossible to argue 
from intrinsic evidence whether Hudson really alludes 
to it in the passage which we have cited. 

Nevertheless, as Chettell's piece was produced on the 
stage in 1601, while Hudson's Discom^se is certainly not 
earlier than 1604, and probably belongs rather to 1605, 
perhaps it may be argued that Chettell's " Carnalle Wol- 
" seye " ^ would hardly, at that date, be spoken of as " of 
" late acted publicly on the stage in London." Whereas, 
on the other hand, there is an entry in the Register of the 
Stationers' Company, under 12th Pebruary 1604 [1604-5] 
of the " enterlude " of " King Henry VIII.," which Mr. 
Collier holds to be no other than Shakespeare's play. And 
it is not too much to say that, as far as regards the date 
merely, the passage in Hudson's Discourse appears on the 



1 Pp. 189, 193, 194, 200, 202, 204, &c. 

2 There is a piece by Thomas Storer, entitled, " The Life and Death of 
" Thomas Wolsey, Cardinal," published in 1599, and reprinted in the 
second volume of the " Heliconia." But this is a poem, not a drama ; and 
we find on examination that it contains no allusion whatever to the Earl of 
Kildare, 

2. h 



CXii PREFACE. - 

whole to be a confirmation of tlie opinion of Mr. Collier 
and the later commentators as to the year in which 
Shakespeare's King Henry VIII. was first produced upon 
the stage. 

THE HATFIELD MSS. 

In enumerating the various repositories of State Papers 
relating to Ireland under James I., we expressed ^ a con- 
fident opinion that the Cecil Papers in the collection of 
the Marquis of Sahsbury at Hatfield, would be found 
to supply no mean part of the materials still wanting to 
a complete series of the Irish State Papers of that im- 
portant reign. 

Mr. Brewer's Keport on the Cecil Papers at Hatfield, 
recently presented to the Historical Manuscripts Com- 
mission, has justified this expectation in a very remark- 
able manner. It is true that, of the enormous mass of 
British and Poreign correspondence comprised in this 
magnificent collection, the letters to and from Ireland 
form scarcely a twentieth part; nor have we any clue 
to their nature or contents, beyond what is deducible 
from the names of the writers, and the dates as presented 
in the chronological catalogue. But even a cursory com- 
parison of the list of the Irish letters which appear at 
intervals in the Cecil Collection, from 1603 to 1608, with 
the general Irish correspondence from whatever source 
derived, which is embodied in this Calendar during the 
same period, will suffice to show the importance of the 
Cecil Papers, the curious felicity with which they fill 
up breaks in the received narrative or supply missing 
links in the chain of events, and their exceeding value 
for the completion of the historical picture of Ireland 
under James I. Many of the letters catalogued by 
Mr. Brewer are shown by their very date and the names 

1 Calendar, vol. I, ; Preface, cix. 



PREFACE. CXm 

of the correspondents, to be the counterparts of letters 
existing in other collections, which had left their story but 
half toldj suggesting questions only that they should 
remain unanswered, and thus barely serving to stimulate, 
without satisfying curiosity. 

The Irish papers at Hatfield do not form any special 
or distinct class. They are not the papers of a particular 
minister, like the Carew manuscripts, or of a particular 
office, like the Philadelphia volumes, or of a miscellaneous 
collection, like the Cotton or Lansdowne MSS. in the 
British Museum. They manifestly consist of the general 
correspondence on affairs of state which came into Cecil's 
hands in the regular routine of his office ; nor do they 
differ in any way from the great body of the Irish Papers 
in the Public Record Office, which form the staple of this 
Calendar. There is hardly a personage of note whose cor- 
respondence forms part of the materials of these volumes, 
that is not represented in the Irish papers of Mr. Brewer's 
catalogue ; and the different writers appear for the most 
part in the same proportions in the catalogue and in the 
Calendar, as to the frequency of their correspondence — the 
only point in which a mere catalogue of names will admit 
of comparison. Not alone the letters of the Chief Gover- 
jiors — Mountjoy, Sir George Carey, and Chichester; of the 
great functionaries of state, Sir John Davys, the Chancellor 
Archbishop, the Presidents of Munster and Connaught — 
Sir Henry Brouncker, Lord Clanricarde, and Lord Danvers 
— the two successive Treasurers, Sir George Carey and Sir 
Thomas Bidgeway, and the secretaries, Penton and Cooke ; 
but the reports of captains, constables, and other inferior 
officers, writing from remote and obscure localities ; suits 
of individuals in their private concerns ; complaints and 
petitions of the native Irish ; projects and suggestions re- 
garding public affairs ; even estimates of projected works, 



cxiv PREFACE. 

and returns or accounts of moneys expended ; — are found 
interwoven witli the general series of the papers of this 
great minister, in a way which shows them to have formed 
part of his official correspondence as Secretary of State. 
It would be impossible, indeed, judging at least from the 
mere catalogue of titles, to distinguish them in any intel- 
ligible way from the general body of State Papers of the 
same period preserved in the Public Record Office. 

It is to be observed, howevfer, that the distribution of the 
Hatfield Papers over the several years of the reign of 
James I. is very unequal. In the latter years of that 
reign, — indeed, from the death of Cecil in 1612 — the 
number is quite inconsiderable. The correspondence may 
thenceforward be said to lose the character of a state 
collection ; and even during the life of the great minister 
there is a very marked diflPerence, as regards Ireland, 
between the years before 1608 and the last four years of 
Cecil's life. In the latter period the correspondence is 
much more scanty and of a less miscellaneous character. 
The difference, indeed, in this respect is so striking as to 
suggest the notion of some change in the principle by 
which the custody of the official documents was regulated, 
consequent on Cecil's assuming, as he did in 1608, the 
office of Lord High Treasurer ; — as though, while the Lord 
High Treasurer's papers were retained as Public E-ecords, 
the papers which came to his hands as Secretary, were 
regarded more in the light of a personal possession, over 
which, like Pitzwilliam and Carew, and at a later period, 
the Duke of Ormonde, Clarendon, and other pubhc men, 
he exercised almost the same right as over the papers 
regarding his private aflfairs. It is gratifying, never- 
theless, to find that in this, as in other collections enu- 
merated in our first volume, the unequal distribution of 
the documents in the several years of the reign of James I., 



PREFACE. CXV 

is balanced by a corresponding disproportion in the 

general series of Irish State Papers in the Public Record 

Office; — the latter being almost invariably more or less 

numerous in proportion to the scantiness or the abundance 

of the papers in the Public E,ecord Office during the same 

period. Thus the three years, 1603, 1604, and 1605, 

the Irish documents of which in the Public Hecords barely 

fill three volumes of the reign, are especially rich in Irish 

State Papers in the Hatfield Collection ; while the three 

years after 1608, when the supply at Hatfield falls off very 

remarkably, occupy in the Public Uecord series nearly 

three times the amount of space, extending to no fewer 

than eight volumes of equal size with those of the earlier 

years. 

The historical student wiU learn with much satisfaction 
that through the liberality of the noble owner of the Hat- 
field Manuscripts, a complete Calendar of the papers of 
the reign of James I. is already in a forward state of pre- 
paration, to be edited by Mr. Gunton, the Marquis of Salis- 
bury's librarian and secretary. This Calendar will, of course, 
embody all papers relating to Ireland. But, although 
the Irish documents at Hatfield will thus be rendered 
accessible ta students among the general mass of the Cecil 
Papers, we should have much desired, for the complete- 
ness of this Calendar, as a repertory of materials for the 
history of Ireland during the reign of James I., to have 
incorporated these valuable papers in chronological se- 
quence with the other documents included in our series. 
Many of the Cecil Papers indeed must lose half their 
interest and significance by the separation. We have been 
particularly attracted by the correspondence from Mun- 
ster, both under the presidency of Sir Henry Brouncker 
and under that of his successor, Lord Danvers. The 
papers upon this subject in the present, as well as in the 



CXvi PREFACE. 

first volume of this Calendar, exhibit gaps which, so far as 
mere names and dates enable us to judge, will be found 
to be in a great degree supplied in. the Cecil Collection ; 
and we have no doubt that the same will be found to 
hold for several other episodes of the history. 

We have thought it desirable therefore to select from 
Mr. Brewer's general catalogue of the Hatfield MSS. re- 
lating to the reign of James I., and insert in the Appendix 
of this volume, a list of the titles of all letters and other 
papers, which appear to relate to Ireland or Irish affairs. 
A comparison of this List of Irish papers at Hatfield, 
arranged in chronological order, which will be found at 
p. 671, with the contents of this Calendar, will not only- 
serve as an index of that additional information on Irish 
history which may be expected from the Hatfield Collec- 
tion, but will also enable students to read both calendars 
with more advantage, by filling up ia detail or pursuing 
to the end, in each, the story which the other had left 
interrupted or incomplete. 

FOREIGN AMBASSADORS' PAPERS. 

The frequent allusions to Irish affairs, and notices of 
Irish fugitives in Spain and Elanders, which are found 
in the Cornwallis and Winwood despatches in the Cotton 
MSS. in the British Museum, or in the printed docu- 
ments in Sawyer's Memorials of Affairs of State, sug- 
gested to us the expediency of a general examination of 
the Beports of English ambassadors abroad during the 
years 1607 and 1608, as likely to furnish information 
regarding the flight of the Earls of Tyrone and Tyr- 
connell from Ireland, and their subsequent history. The 
result of this examination has proved so interestiag, and 
supplies so natural and necessary a supplement to the 
home records of the events of the period, that we have 



PREFACE. CXvn 

thougM it advisable to collect into an appendix the 
various notices of Irish fugitives which occur in the 
foreign despatches of these years. Landing at Quille- 
boeuf, in Normandy, Tyrone and Tyrconnell proceeded 
to Planders, and thence, after a short delay, by way of 
Lorraine and Switzerland, to Rome, with the intention 
of ultimately seeking refuge and assistance in Spain. 
Throughout this whole journey they appear to have been 
under the unceasing surveillance of the agents and spies 
of the indefatigable Secretary of State, to whom all their 
movements, and those of their* followers, their visitors, 
and their correspondents, were regularly reported. 

The collection from which these notices are gathered, 
is a voluminous series in the Public Record Office, of 
exceeding interest for general European history, and rich 
in incidental illustrations of domestic history, and espe- 
cially of the policy of England in relation to foreign 
affairs. The place which M. Bergenroth's Simancas 
Papers, or the Venetian Papers calendared by Mr. Raw- 
don Brown, hold for the contemporary history of Spain 
or Venice, is the same which the foreign series in our 
Public Record Office holds for the history of the various 
Em'opean states with which England anciently maintained 
diplomatic relations. Erom a very early period, the im- 
portance of keeping a careful watch upon the progress of 
events abroad, appears to have been felt by the Kings of 
England and their advisers ; and the foreign division of 
our public records contains the fruit of this surveiQance, 
in the form of a series of letters, reports, and advertise- 
ments from English ambassadors and agents in the various 
states of Europe, stretching back in some countries as 
far as the early part of the 14th century. 

Our only concern, of course, is with the reports from 
the countries which afforded a temporary refuge to the 



cxviii PREFACE. 

fugitives or their confederates and followers, and especially 
Planders, Italy, and Spain ; but it happens fortunately for 
the interest of the story, that the representatives of the 
court of England in those countries at that time were 
men remarkable among all their contemporaries for 
energy, intelligence, and ability. 

In the whole series of Plemish papers in the Public 
Hecord Office, which extends back to the year 1340, up 
to 1688, and fills a hundred and twenty-six volumes and 
bundles, there is no correspondence more interesting than 
that of Sir Thomas Edmonds, who was English repre- 
sentative at the court of the Archduke Albert at Brussels, 
when the fugitive Earls reached the Low Countries in 
the autumn of 1608. Edmonds was born in 1563, and 
through the influence of his kinsman. Sir Thomas Ed- 
monds, who was Comptroller of the Queen's Household, 
was introduced into the public service at a very early 
age. He was initiated in diplomacy under the auspices 
of Sir Erancis Walsingham ; and, while still extremely 
young, is found employed, in various capacities, as foreign 
envoy in several missions of importance. In 1592, before 
he had completed his thirtieth year, he was appointed 
English Resident at the Court of Erance, where he re- 
mained, with some interruptions, till 1599 ; and between 
that year and the death of Queen Elizabeth he was 
engaged in a succession of important negotiations. On 
the accession of James I., he received the honour of 
knighthood, and in August 1604, he was sent as ambas- 
sador to the Archduke at Brussels, where he remained 
till 1609. It is plain from numerous indications,^ that he 
possessed the full confidence both of the King and of 



1 See Birch's Historical View of Negotiations between England, France, 
and Brussels, p. 134, also pp. 183, 184. 



PREFACE. CXlX 

Lord Salisbury ; and accordingly, upon the very first 
intelligence of the flight of Tyrone and Tyrconnell, we 
find the watchful secretary at once communicating to his . 
friend an event, the bearing of which on the foreign 
relations of England was hardly less momentous than its 
influence on the course of public affairs in Ireland. Salis- 
bury was prompt to instruct Edmonds as to the light in 
which it would be desnable to represent the event in the 
court of the Archduke; and at the same time directed 
him on his own part -to " observe carefully how the matter 
" is there apprehended, and especially by the Irish in 
" that service," and to lose no time in reporting this '' by 
" the first despatch." On the other hand it is instructive 
to observe that the foreign representative of English 
interests was equally on the alert. Even before Salis- 
bury's instructions reached him, Sir Thomas Edmonds 
was upon the watch. On the 7th of October 1607, he 
writes that " a report had come of the flight into Spain 
" of Tyrone and other northern lords of Ireland;" adding 
that the Irish agent of Spain, Eather Elorence O'Mul- 
connor, had long before left Brussels, and for the purpose, 
it was thought, of forwarding this design. 

Another of Salisbury's foreign correspondents at this 
juncture, Sir Henry Wotton, is better known in literature. 
After a distinguished academical career and some years of 
foreign travel, Wotton entered into political life as a secre- 
tary of the Earl of Essex. On the fall of that nobleman, 
he again left England; and his consequent lengthened 
residence in Italy during the latter years of Queen 
Elizabeth, prepared him for the post of English Ambas- 
sador to the Eepublic of Venice, to which he was named 
by James I., the year after his accession, and which he . 
held until 1610. The correspondence from which our 

extracts regarding Tyrone and Tyrconnell are taken, is 
2. i 



CXX PREFACE. 

found ill the series of Venetian Papers in the Public 
Record Office, which commences in 1487, and which, in 
the period anterior to the Eevolution, occupies seventy- 
five volumes and bundles. Prom the moment of the 
fugitives' arrival beyond the Alps, Wotton takes up, as 
a part of his official duty, the surveillance of all their pro- 
ceedings, and promises the King (4jth April 1608), that, as 
had already been done by the King's servants at the other 
courts, he will not fail, "now that they are on Itahan 
" ground, to give an account of them." As the first 
fruit of his zeal, he informs Salisbury by letter (partly 
in cipher) of the same date, that "he has sent one to 
" Milan who will accompany Tyrone and his * ging ' [gang] 
" over all Italy." And it is worthy of note, as illustrating 
the usages of the diplomatic department at the time, 
that Wotton arranges on his own responsibility a provision 
for the cost of this extraordinary service. Nor can it be 
doubted that he was well served by the agent whom he 
employed. His reports to Salisbury track the movements 
of the Irish fugitives throughout their entire jommey, and 
enter into the most minute, and sometimes the most private 
particulars as to their proceedings in Pome up to the 
death of Tyrconnell. One of Wotton' s communications 
addressed to the King himself, p. 657, contains a sugges- 
tion as to the assassination of Tyrone, cautiously dis- 
guised, but hardly less direct than Sussex's weU-known 
proposal to Elizabeth, for taking ofP Shane 0*Neil. 

The advertisements from Spain are concerned rather 
with the Irish emigrants generally than with the Earls 
of Tyrone and Tyrconnell themselves, or their immediate 
adherents. We have incorporated with the regular series 
of our Calendar, a number of extracts relating to Ireland 
or to the Irish in Spain from the correspondence of the 
ambassador, Sir Charles Cornwallis, which is found in the 



PREFACE. CXXl 

Cotton manuscripts in the British Museum, and has been 
printed in Sawyer's Memorials of Affairs of State. The 
Spanish despatches interwoven with the other papers of 
our Appendix, are taken from the Spanish Pre-Eevolu- 
tion series in the Public Record Office, consisting of 
125 volumes and bundles, and reaching back to the year 
1502. They comprise, besides despatches of the ambas- 
sador himself forwarded from Madrid, letters and adver- 
tisements from agents and intelligencers in other parts 
of Spain, and particularly in the north-western parts and 
other centres of communication with Ireland ; in which it 
was considered especially desirable to observe the move- 
ments of the Irish exiles, and the various indications of 
preparation upon their part, or of intention on the part 
of Spain to afford them assistance, in furtherance of the 
design for an armed landing on the Irish coast. The 
letters, for the most part, whether from the ambassadors 
or the agents, are addressed to Salisbury. A few, and 
especially one very secret letter from Sir Henry Wotton, 
already alluded to, are addressed to the King, and others 
to Thomas Wilson, Salisbury's secretary ; and it is curious 
to note the devices which were employed, not merely to 
ensure the privacy and the safe transmission of the cor- 
respondence, but also to provide against the betrayal of 
its existence, or at least of its real character in case of its 
falling into other hands. In some instances, the com- 
munication was so framed as to make it appear to be 
the genuine letter of a Catholic or an Irishman, and 
written in Catholic or Irish interest. There is one espe- 
cially at p. 655, which it might seem impossible to suspect. 
AU the topics to which it aUudes are topics in which it 
would appear that no one but a strict and religious Catholic 
could be interested. The writer describes with enthusiastic 
admiration the splendid ceremonies of a canonization ; 



CXXU PREFACE. 

enters into the minutife of a Corpus Ghristi procession ; 
and reports the election of new generals of religious 
orders. He even sends (enclosed) a picture of the 
canonized saint ; announces that he has entrusted a packet 
of Agnus Dei's to the care of Eather Midford ; and con- 
cludes by conyeying Pather Parsons's comniendations. 
And yet we gather from the endorsement, evidently in 
Salisbury's hand, on the original letter, which is still in 
the Pubhc Eecord Office, that all these details-were but 
intended to deceive as to the true origin and character of 
the communication, and that the advertisement, although 
sent by an agent of Salisbury, was designedly " written 
" with some clauses to disguise the affection of the 
" intelligencer ! " 

We take this opportunity of gratefully acknowledging 
the kind assistance of Mr. W. M. Hennessy, M.E/.I.A., of 
the Public Pecord Office, Ireland, in revising the text and 
translation of the papers in the Irish language printed 
in this and the first volume of our Calendar. 



IRELAND. 



1606. 
Oct. 1. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol, 219, 119. 



1. 



JAMES I. 




1606. 








October. 






The List of Horse and Foot now standing. 




Horsemen. 








The Deputy 


25 


At Carrigfergus. 




L. President of Mnn- 


50 


In Munster. 




ster. 








Sir Richard Wing- 


50 


Whereof 30 with- 




fielde. 




out cheque, the 
rest in Leinster. 




Sir Henry Docwrae - 


50 


At Derry. 




Sir Henry Folliott - 


25 


At Ballyshanon. 




Sir Edward Herbert - 


12 


Without cheque. 




Sir Edward Waynman 


12 


In Connaught. 




Lo. Crumwell - 


10 


In Lecale. 




Footmen. 






Munster 


- Lord President - 
Sir Rich. Morison 
Sir Thomas Roper 


50^ 
50 

50^ 


At the fort of 
Waterford. 


Leinster 


- Sir Rich. Wingfeild - 


50"' 


In Leinster. 




o 

Sir Henrie Powre 


50 


At the fort of Leix. 




Sir Fraunces Ruishe 


50 


At the fort of 




"Russhe]. 




Phillipstown. 


Connaiiglit 


- L. President 


50 






Sir Thos. Rotheram - 


50 


At the fort of 
Galloway. 


Ulster - 


- Sir Thobias Calfeild 


50 


At the fort of 




[Caulfield]. 




Charlemont. 




Sir Frances Roe - 


50 


At the fort of 
Mountjoy. 




Sir Edward Blayney - 


50 


At the fort in 
Monaghan. 




Sir Henry Folliott 


50 


At the castle of 


OOTAn 






Ballyshanon. 

A 



fT ,' 



j>^ 



IRELAND — JAMES I. 



J606. 



Oct. 5. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 219, 120. 



Oct. 7. 

SloaneMSS., 

vol. 156, no. 65. 

B.M. 



Oct. 7. 

Lansdowne MSS., 

159, 78, f. 257. 

B.M. 



Oct. 7. 

lb. 77, f. 255. 



Oct. 7. 

Lansdowne MSS., 

159, 76, f. 247. 



Oct. 11. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 219, 121, 122. 



Sir Rich. Hansard 


- 50 


At the Liffer. 


Sir Henry Docwrae 

The Deputy 

Sir Foulke Conwaie 


- 50 

- 50 

- 50 


At Derry. 

At Carrigfergus. 

At the fort ( 


L. Crumwell - 


- 50 


Inshelaghlyn (sic 
In Lecale. 


Sir Charles Wilmott 


- 50 


AttheNe-werie(sic 



P. I. Endd. : " 1st Oct. 1606." 

2. Sir H. Brouncker to the Earl of Salisbury. 
Gives an account of a murder committed by one Puree 

(called Baron Loughmore) on the sheriff of Tipperar}'-. R( 
quests a grant of what shall escheat by his attainder. — Corl 
5 October. 

Pp. 2. Hoi Sealed. Add. Endd. : " Sir H. Brounckt 
to the Earl of Salisbury." 

3. The King's Charges in Ireland. 

A return of the King's charges in Ireland, with proposa" 
for retrenchment. 

Pp. 6. Endd.: "Brief of charges in Ireland, and how the 
may be abated. For your L. private, 7th Oct. 1606." 

4. Certificate of Musters. 

A return showing how the several wards, horse and foo 
companies, were formed by the comptroller of the musters 
according to the musters taken of them at various date 
within the year 1606. 

Pp. 8. Endd. 

5. Return of the Garrisons in Ireland. 

A collection of all the forts, castles, and wards in Irelanc 
with their officers, soldiers, and fees to each, comprising i 
addition to the garrisons named in the above return, those c 
Dublin, Laughlin Bridge, Wexford, Duncannon, Dungarvai 
Castlemain, Limerick, Boile, Castelpark, Haleboling, Ballins 
caye, Moyry, Mountnoris, Massarine, Oinie, [Omagh], Tuami 
and Coolemore, 

Pp. 2. 

6. Prices of Victuals in Ireland. 

Notes of the prices of provisions communicated by M 
Birchenshawe. Fat beef is sold for a quarter of the price 
costs in England ; fat mutton for a third, and wheat for oi 
half. A fat goose costs six pence, a chicken a penny, a he 
two pence, a pig eight pence. 

At Kin sale 12 fresh herrings are sold for one penny, ar 
20 mackarel for one penny. 

P. 1. Hough draft. Endd. 

7. Oliver St. John to the Earl of Salisbury. 

His Lordship and the rest of the Lords were pleased upc 
reasons alleged on behalf of Mr. Treasurer and himself (St. Joh: 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



1606. 



Oct. 12. 

S.F., Ireland, 
vol. 219, 123. 



Oct. 14. 
S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 219, 124. 



to restore the offices of Treasurer and Master of the Ordnance, 
to the privilege of having foot companies upon the avoid- 
ance by death or otherwise of any of the then captains ; and 
accordingly His Majesty's pleasure was signified hither, both 
in his letters to the Lord Deputy, and in the establishment. 
Now Mr. Pawlett is arrived here with His Majesty's letters 
for the having of Sir Henry Dockwrae's foot company ; and 
as the Treasurer, whom it immediately concerns, is not yet 
arrived, he has moved the ^Deputy to stay the grant until he 
shall receive further resolution therein. Prays therefore in 
the Treasurer's behalf and his own, that his Lordship will be 
pleased to stop this disposal of that company. Does not wish 
that Sir Henry Docwrae should lose it, and he may as well 
keep it as he doth his horse in the same place. And to his 
(St. John's) knowledge he had bargained his lands to Mr. 
Pawlett before they concluded for the company, but only to 
secure for themselves what Salisburv in his nobleness obtained 
for them, of which they will be deprived unless he prevail 
with His Majesty for the stay of this or the like traffic for 
companies. — Dublin, 11 October 1606. 

P. 1. Hoi. Sealed. Add. Endd. : " Oliver St. John to 
the Earl of Sahsbury." 

8. Captain Geoege Powlett to the Earl of Salisbury. 

Obtained by his Lordship's favour the King's gracious letters 
on his behalf to the Lord Deputy of this kingdom, for Sir 
Henry Docwra's foot company at Dyrrie, to be transferred on 
him, together with such government as the said Sir Henry had 
at Loughfoyle. Upon the delivery of His Majesty's letters, 
found that Sir Oliver St. John, opposite to the proceedings 
thereof, claiming to have the foot company as due unto him 
or Mr. Treasurer by virtue of His Majesty's letters formerly 
written in their behalf, that the next companies that should 
be void, either by surrender, death, or other causes, should be 
unto them, as incident unto their offices. And he, supposing 
this of Sir H. Docwra to be merely void by this liberty of 
His Majesty given him to surrender the same unto him 
(Powlett), hath so far questioned this matter that the Lord 
Deputy hath made stay of proceedings therein. Begs Salis- 
bury's influence to secure that His Majesty will be pleased to 
explain his meaning therein, though the Deputy sufficiently 
declared his understanding of the King's letters on his behalf. 
—Dublin, 12 October 1606, 

P. 1. Hoi Add. Endd. : " Captain Powlett to the 
Earl of Salisbury.'' 

9. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Lords of the PRiyr 

Council in England. 

Received His Majesty's letters of the 23rd of July last, 
wherein he is required to accept Sir Henry Docwra's sur- 
render of his charge of the Derrie. This he is accordingly 

A 2 



4 IRELAND — JAMES I. 

1606. 

about to do, and to pass the same by new letters patents 
Mr. Powlett, rather according to the King's meaning than t 
words of the letter. Is also thereby directed to turn ov 
Sir Henry's foot company to Mr. Powlett, but the Master of t 
Ordnance and the Treasurer's agent made question how tl 
might be done without varying from His Majesty's former lette 
of the last of April, upon the then reducement of the army, 
these words : " That after this reducement of the army to 88 
upon the death or other avoidance of any of our said captai 
of foot, the first band shall be assigned to our treasurer 
wars, and the second to the master of the ordnance, &c." Tl 
being controverted on both sides, he has made stay for th 
one point, and will expect their Lordships' further expos 
tion of His Majesty's meaning, though he makes no dou 
of it, for it concerns himself in the like and touchiog 1 
own particular. The late Lord Lieutenant (by his lette 
touching the reducement of the army about May 1605), si 
nified to him His Highness's pleasure, that upon the death - 
other avoidance of any captain of foot, he should join tl 
captain's company to his own, till it should reach 100 i 
more ; whereupon fell Sir Samuel Bagnol's first, and th( 
Sir Josias Bodley's, both which he has since been enjoined i 
cass after he had made some of them a guard, and had bee 
at extiaordinary charges with them ; this makes him conceit 
the latter letter signifying the King's pleasure ought to be ( 
force. Wishes the Treasurer and Master of the Ordnance 
far greater increase of fortune than a company, and, whe 
there are wars, and when they themselves are in the field, it 
fit they should have them ; but he must of duty acquaint Sali 
bury with the state they stand in at this present within th 
kingdom, and when he (Salisbury) shall have considered of h 
reasons, he will submit himself to what his Lordship will dire( 
Beas him first to consider of the list which he sends herewit 
wherein his Lordship will find most of the foot disposed in 
forts and places necessarily required, and if, upon any of the 
deaths or avoidance, the company be given to such a oj 
as the Treasurer or Master of the Ordnance, that place 
charge must then be commanded by a lieutenant, by reasi 
of their greater places which require the captain's atten 
ance about the State. But it may be alleged the compai 
may be re-commanded by a lieutenant, and the governing 
of the place or fort be given to a man of better quality, 
this be done, His Majesty must be at some extraordina 
charge for his maintenance* Desires only to receive Sal 
bury's directions in these points, for he aims not to hind 
them nor to advance any other ; albeit he makes bold to i 
quaint Salisbury that it has been the manner till of late tl 
such companies and places as fell void should be at the d 
position of the Deputy, in which point he himself is restrain 
by suitors from England ; and many times the places as th 
fall are given by mediation of friends to such as first a 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 5 



1606. 

them, who, when they have them, cannot be resident upon 
them, as it is requisite ; and those who attend here, serving 
in expectation of such fortunes, and of whose abilities all are 
eye-witnesses, go without preferment and are discouraged to 
abide here. If, therefore, it would please His Majesty to refer 
that point to the Deputy, he would during his time bestow 
them, if they fell in, in such a way that they would be there- 
with well pleased, and His Majest}'^ as well served. — Dublin, 
14 October 1606. 

Pp. 2. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd. : '' Sir Arthur 
Chichester to the Lords of the Privy Council." 

Oct. 15. 10. Sir Arthur Chichester to Attorney and Solicitor- 

Caile Papers, GENERAL, 

vol. 61, p. 190. 

Warrant for a fiant of grant of the office of fletcher during 
pleasure, with fee of 12 pence per day, to Theodore Thomlin- 
son, on the surrender of the office by his father, Thomas 
Thomlinson, who finds himself unable through age and impo- 
tence. — Dublin Castle, 15 October 1606. 

P. 1. Orig. 

Oct. 17. 11. Sir A. Chichester to the Earl of Salisbury, 

vol. '2/9^' m' Received certain letters signed by his Lordship and other 

Lords of the Council, touching the apprehension and sending 
over of one Matthew de Reuti, a merchant stranger, if he 
happened to be found in the realm. Caused inquiry to be 
made for him at that time, and now understands that he has 
arrived here very lately by the way of Scotland, and has 
come to this city ; but hearing from some friends that it was 
not safe for him to abide here, he has left this place, and has 
gone to some other further off, whence he wrote to him 
(Chichester) a very sensible and lamentable letter, relating 
. his misfortunes, and sent his protection exemplified under the 
great seal, which seems to be yet in force until January next, 
praying that Chichester would enable him so far to discharge 
himself honestly towards his creditors, as to permit him to 
live here quietly for a certain time. Was so far moved 
by the appeal, that, but for his Lordship's letters, he had 
surely renewed his protection for some reasonable time, 
especially seeing such a precedent before him. The reasons 
that moved him so were, that he understood he was a mer- 
chant and factor of good fame and reputation there ; that 
he W£is broken and put out of his course, not by his own 
excesses or misgovernment, but by other men's decay abroad ; 
that he is desirous to live within the King's dominions until 
he hath satisfied all his creditors, among whom (Chichester 
is informed) there is no born subject of His Majesty ; that 
other merchants owe him gieat sums of money, which in 
time he hath some hope to recover ; that he is prosecuted by 
strong adversaries there, rather upon stomach and a sinister 
opinion of his intended flight, than out of any despair of 



6 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

16*06. 

recovering their debts. Was influenced, too, by the kno^ 
ledge that his (Reuti's) adversaries have made great offers 
some persons about this State, for his apprehension and trari 
mission to England, a course which the judges here thii 
very hard, for divers good considerations. And lastly, hea 
that he is honest and industrious, and by his abiding he 
in liberty may benefit both himself and the realm, by dra^ 
ing hither some Dutch people and men of trades, whi 
he hath considered of the benefits of this country from the 
employment. These things, and the confidence he has 
his Lordship's opinion and private knowledge, make hi 
(Chichester) forbear to heap more affliction upon him, ai 
he recommends him to Salisbury's favour, that he may 1 
permitted to live here quietly until he hath wrought out 1 
own good fortunes again, by such honest and good means 
he can. — Dubhn, 17 October 1606. 

Pp. 2. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd. : " Sir Arth 
Chichester to the Earl of Salisbury." 

Oct. 20. 12. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

Phiiad. P.,^ Warrant to administer the oath of a counsellor of State 

Sir George Ridgeway, Knt., appointed Treasurer at Wa 
and Receiver- General of the Revenue. — 20 October 1606, 
the fourth year of the reign. 

P. 1. Orig. Add. Inrol Endd. in Sir Arthur Ch 
Chester's hand : " From the Kinge's Maiestie to swea 
S"^ Thomas Ridgwaye of the counsell, and to make hi 
allowance for transportation of treasure as to former tre 



Tol. 61, p. 169. 



surers." 



Oct. 22. 13. Sir Finie O'Driscoll's Petition. 
Carte Papers, Petition of Finie O'DriscoU, of Carberrie in co. Cork, 

vol. 61, p. 225. ^^^ ^^^^ Deputy and the rest of the commissioners for taki] 

surrenders and re-granting by patent ; praying them 
accept their poor suitor's surrender of the poor waste count 
of CoUiemore in Carberry in the county of Cork, in ore 
to a re-grant, and that without fine, because of his extrei 
poverty occasioned by his costs in the service of His Hig 
ness's predecessor, when, to the undoing of himself, 
maintained war against his eldest son, who forgetting 1 
duty to his Prince, and accompanied by a multitude of rebe 
daily attempted his death and tbe surprisal of his pc 
country and castle of Donnishade; till petitioner, findi 
his forces decaying and the adverse party growing stro 
by the assistance of the Spanish forces, delivered his S{ 
county and castle into the hands of the then Lord Preside: 
Sir George Carew, who placed a garrison there, and then( 
forth followed the said Lord Deputy in all his expeditic 
during the said rebellion ; since when, much of the timber 
the said castle being pulled down for fuel by the soldi( 
there, a great part of the stone frame is fallen. Owing to t 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



1606. 



Oct. 22, 

Carte Papers, 
vol. 61, p. 188. 



Oct. 25. 

Philad. P„ 
vol. 3, p. 117. 



Oct. 25. 

Philad. P., 
yol, 3, p. 119. 



poverty of himself and of his wasted country he is scarce 
able to pay His Majesty's composition. 

Pjp. 1\. Endd. in Sir Arthur Chichester's hand: "24th 
October 1606. 

" Commissioners to enquire of the lands of Sir Fynny 

O'Driscoll. 
The L. President, 
The L. Byshope of Corke. 
The Chiefs Justice of Munster, 
The Second Justice of Munster. 
Capt. Henrie Skipwith. 
The Attornie 1 « ,,, , 
TheEscheatorj^^^^^^^*^^- 
Or to anie two or more of them, of whom the L. President, 
the Byshop, the Chiefs Justice and Second Justice, to be of 
the Corom {sic) [Quorum]. Arthur Chichester," 

14. Sir A. Chichester to the Attorney and Solicitor- 

General. 

riant for grant, pursuant to letters dated at Hampton 
Court, to Captain Robert Jameson of a pension of eight harp 
shillings sterling per day, to begin from the time of his 
employment as captain of His Majesty's ship called the 
Tremontaine. — Dublin Castle, 22 October 1606. 
P. 1. Orig. 

15. Lords of the Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. 
A committee of the Lords having had the controversy 

between Arthur Hide and David Condon before them for 
lands in Munster, and having adjourned the same till May 
next, with consent of both parties, for an arbitrament to be 
made by them between them, the rents, arrears, and reliefs 
due to His Majesty are to be respited until the suit shall be 
decided.— Whitehall, 25 October 1606. 

Signed : E,. Cant., T, Ellesmere, Cane, J. T. Dorset, 
J. E, Worcester, H. Northampton, T. Sufiblk, Salisbury, 
W, KnoUys, J. Stanhope. 

P. |. Orig. Add. Inrol. in Excheq. Endd. by Sir Arthur 
Chichester : " From the LL.'s of the Counsell in the behalfe 
of M^ Hyde for the forbearing of his rents, &;c." 

At the foot is the following, in Sir Arthur Chichester's 
hand : 

''The 27of ApriU 1607. 

" The Court of Exchequer is required to consider of this 
letter and to perform the contents thereof, and after inrolment 
to retourne the same to us." 

16. Lords of the Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. 
They have already informed him of the adjournment of 

the proceedings between Arthur Hide and David Condon ; 



8 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1G06. 

but Condon complained lie had been disturbed in lands of th 
like kind which were granted by letters patent to Thoma 
Fleetwood and Marmaduke Redmond, as undertakers in tha 
province, and afterwards restored to his father by direc 
tion from the late Queen, and feared that they would, upoi 
notice of that arbitrament, increase their disturbance. Si: 
Arthur Chichester therefore is to take care that he (Condon 
maybe maintained in possession, and that, if any distresse 
had been taken from his mother or his tenants since his coming 
to England, they may be restored. A staj'- is to be mad( 
of any bonds or recognizances taken of him in the Exchequer 
And a transcript of this the Lords' letter is to be sent t( 
the President of Munster for his guidance. 

The rents of the lands formerly granted to Fleetwood anc 
Redman to be also respited. — Whitehall, 25 October 1606. 

Signed : R. Cant., T. EUesmere, Cane, J. T. Dorset 
J. E. Worcester, T. Suffolk, H. Northampton, Salisbury 
W, Knollys, J. Stanhope. 

Pp. li Orig. Add. Endd: "From the LL's of th( 
Counsell in the behalfe of David Condon and Arthur Hyde," 

Oct. 31. 17, The King to Sir Arthur Chichester (Deputy) an( 
Phiiad. p.. Council. 



vol. 3, p. 171., 



Being willing to restore William Nugent, son of Richard 
late Baron of Delvin, outlawed and attainted of treasor 
in the time of the government of the late Lord Graie, t( 
his blood and forfeited lands, a bill is to be prepared fo: 
that purpose against the meeting of the next Parliament ir 
Ireland, to which the King promises his assent. 

Letters patent are to be prepared and passed granting t( 
the said William Nugent and the heirs male of his body, witl 
remainder in fee simple to the right heirs of his said father 
all such castles, lands, tenements, and hereditaments as h( 
was seised of, and also to insert in the same patent a gran 
to said William Nugent and Jenet his wife, and the heirs o 
the said Jenet, of all such lands, tSsc. as they were seise( 
of in right of the said Jenet, or whereof Walter late Baroi 
of Skrine and Ellyne his wife, the parents of the said Jenet 
were seised, which came or ought to have come to the Kinj 
or the late Queen by the attainder of the said Willian 
Nugent, and for which no rent hath hitherto been yielded t( 
the Crown. The King likewise remits the mesne profits ti 
the said William. — Westminster, last day of October 1606 
in the fourth year of the reign. 

P. 1. Orig. Add. Inrol. Endd. by Sio^ Arthw 
Chichester: "From the Kinge's Majestie in the behalfe o 
William Nugent and Jennett his wife." 

"An Act of Parliament for restitution in blonde, and t( 
passe unto him all the landes w^h he, &c. in fee simple," 



IRELAND— JAMES T. 



9 



1606. 
Oofc. [ J. 

PMad. P., 
Tol. 3, p. 133. 



[Oct.] 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 219, 125a. 



[OcL] 

S.P.. Ireland, 
vol. 219, 126. 



18. Certificate of a Committee of the Council about the 
Greames.^ 

According to his Lordship's reference tliey had had all the 
Greames before them and questioned them why they had not 
settled themselves in Roscommon. 

The chief reason they alleged was the dislike they had of 
the place, for there was want of water and wood, and the 
lands were let too dear ; much of the same quality was let 
for half the money. They said they were very poor, and 
had not means to plant, for want of labourers who were 
scarce and required double wages, and their language was 
not understood by them. They had nothing to allege against 
Sir Rafe Sidley, only their desire was that they might be 
suffered to seek habitations elsewhere within the kingdom 
where they might find it conveniently. 

Signed: Sir Oliver Lambert, Sir James Fullerton, Sir 
Jeffery Fenton. 

P. ^. Copy. Endd. : " Copie of som of the Counsells 
certificate concerning the Greames." 

19. Sir Thomas Burke to the Earl of Salisbury. 

Was unwilling to signify to his Lordship the state wherein 
he stood till his Lordship should receive all that came or 
could be said against him. Has had some time of probation 
hurtful for him in his poor estate, but if necessary for the 
King's good, protests he willingly does and ever will bear it. 
Is by birth and trial His Majesty's faithful subject, though 
it never lay in his small power to do for Her late Majesty's 
and His Highness's service all that he much desired. 

Concludes by praying that his Lordship will be pleased 
to hold a good opinion of him till he shall find the contrary ; 
and if any one man reputed honest can task him with dis- 
loyalty, desires no favour of his Sovereign nor respect of 
Salisbury. The Deputy is a noble worthy gentleman. Swears 
that he speaks not thus to flatter him. Must suspect that he 
has heard some random calumny that has wrought him this 
trouble. Requests that Salisbury will do him the right to 
possess the King as well as himself with his (Burke's) faithful 
innocency. The reason he wrote not before was in order that 
the world should not find before he sent. No man on earth 
can accuse him of disloj'alty. 

P. 1. Signed. Not dated. Add, Endd.: "Sir Thomas 
Burke to the Earl of Salisbury." 

20. Sir Thomas Burke to the Earl of Salisbury. 
Since his Lordship kept his chamber, has been every day 

at Court to inquire of his health, and albeit his charge and 
occasions required a speedy dispatch, yet he would not press 
his Lordship, whose health, if protestations were not so com- 
mon, he would justify to be more tendered by him than the 

* See supra, vol. i. pp. 551-8. 



10 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



1606. 



Nov. 1. 

Add. Papers, 
Ireland. 



Nov. 1. 

Philad. P., 
vol. 3, p. 121. 



business lie lias in hand, thougli his ability of living in an 
good fashion stands upon what shall be thereupon resolvei 
Might add that he was at great charge at his last and presei 
suit, and therefore is not able to undergo any delay. Ca 
truly say that he never had any grant or gift of the lai 
Queen, nor since the King's coming in, and though he ht 
not been able to do that service he desired, yet his bef 
endeavours were never wanting. Now his request is, ths 
whereas there is a debt due to him of more than 2,000Z., th 
King would be graciously pleased to accept a discharge of th: 
debt and to compound for it ; or, if money may not be had, thj 
His Majesty might, in regard of this debt and of his faithfi 
service, grant unto him SOOl. yearly during his life out of tli 
composition and revenue of Connaght, which makes 200 
English, with as much land in fee farm as shall be thought fl 
which he assures his Lordship upon his credit is at this tira 
very little worth. By this His Majesty loseth nothing, and 1 
(Burke), who has very little means by pension or otherwis 
will receive contentment for the debt, for his blood, and for tl 
time spent. This is the sum of his petition which he purpose 
to deliver to the Lords, to whom he hears the King doth ref( 
all of that nature. Hopes it will find favourable allowanci 
since it is for the King's benefit. 

P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.: ''Sir Thomas Burke to th 
Earl of Salisbury." No date, probably Oct. 1606. I7i pencil 
{" Cecil had been extremely ill") 

21. The King to the Lord Deputy. 

Dr. Brooke, the King's chaplain, being bound jointly wit 
the Bishop of Duns [Dunensis, Down], Rob. Hunston, for 2001 
which was the sole debt of Hunston, has been compelled, i 
the latter's absence, to pay the whole. He cannot now obtai 
satisfaction from the Bishop, and the King directs that orde 
be taken for his speedy payment of the debt, with a 
damages. 

Signed : R. Wilbraham. 

P. 1. Endd. : " Draught of a Ire to the Deputy of Irelan 
in subvention of Dr. Brooke, Nov. 1606." 

22. LOUDS OF THE COUNCIL to SiR ARTHUR CHICHESTER. 

Forasmuch as they were informed that one Purcell, calle 
the Baron of Loughmore, some time a notorious rebel, an 
since detected of many execrable murders committed upo 
sheriffs and others, and other His Majesty's officers in Irelan( 
insomuch that they did marvel how he had escaped the han 
of justice all that time, had of late (to fill the measure of h: 
iniquities) within the last three months, with his own han 
cruelly murdered the sheriff" of Tipperary, and hurt sundr 
others in so foul a manner that no excuse could be pretended 
he was not therefore to escape without his due punishmen 
but to be proceeded against with all due expedition, and h: 
goods to be secured. And as they had been informed th£ 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



11 



1606. 



Nov. 3. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 219, 127. 



Nov. 4. 

Carte Papers, 
vol. 61, p. 181. 



Nov. 4. 

Carte Papers, 
vol 61, p. 189. 



Feriogh M'Hugh, for like murders, notorious crimes, endea- 
voured a pardon, no pardon "was to pass without His Majesty's 
special directions. — Whitehall, 1 November 1606. 

Signed: Nottingham, T. SufFolke, Exeter. 
J. Stanhope, H. Bruce. 

P. 1. Orig, Add. Endd. hy Sir Arthur 
" From the LLs. of the Counsell, concerning 



Salisbury, 

Chichester : 
Ri. Purcele, 



called the Baron of Loughmore, and Ferragh M'Hugh." 

23. Sir Richard Trevor to the Earl of Salisbury. 

Being returned from Ireland and the late government of 
the Newrie which he has held there, and purposing to have 
paid his services to his Lordship in the first instance, he has 
suddenly fallen into the disease incident to that country, which 
has prevented him from that due intendment. Has therefore 
sent this gentlemen, his lieutenant, to attend his Lordship 
with this true relation. Will not sj^eak of his desires and en- 
deavours to do service, but hopes he has left the place without 
leaving any imputation to follow him. And although the 
place is of special import for the furtherance of His Majesty's 
service in those parts, yet it gives little encouragement for 
any man to covet the command thereof, in regard it requires 
at large, and no allowance made for it. Speaks not this of 
any second self-respect, but that Salisbury may in his wonted 
wisdom consider of those who coming to command there may 
want what he (Trevor) had of his own to make supply 
withal. Begs to mind his Lordship of the suit he granted 
him touching Mr. Broughton, which these Irish employments 
enforced him hitherto to neglect. Begs now to revive the 
same, when God shall enable him with health to follow it to 
effect. — Trevallyn, 3 November 1606. 

P. L Hoi. Sealed. Add. Endd. : " Sir Richard Trevor 
to the Earl of Salisbury.^' 

24. Sir A. Chichester to Attorney and Solicitor- 

General. 

Warrant for fiant of a grant, by lease of 21 years, to Sir 
Edward Blayney, seneschal of the county of Monaghan, of 
the three baUibetaghs of Ballicaskan cdias Castletown, Balli- 
lurgan, and Balhmeyghan, allotted in the late division of the 
county to the King's castle of Monaghan, if the said Sir 
Edward shall so long live and be not removed from that 
command, paying 20s. per annum for each ballibetagh. — 
Dublin, 4 November 1606. 

P. 1. Orig. 

25. Certificate of Captain Robert Jemison's Service. 
Certificate, signed James Fullerton, that by the record of 

musters it appears that Captain Robert Jemison, one of His 
Majesty's pensioners in this kingdom and captain of the 
Tremontaine, began his employment here and his entertain- 



12 



IRELAND — JAMES I. 



1606. 



Nov. 7. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 219, 128. 



Nov. 8. 
Carte Papers, 
vol. 61, p. 187. 



Nov. 9. 
Carte Papers, 
vol. 61, p. 220. 



Nov. 10. 

Laiisdowne MSS., 

159, 53, f. 195. 



ment the IStli September 1603, from ■which day he is to haV( 
allowance of his pension for life.-— 4 November 1606. 
P. 1. Orig, 

26. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Earl of Salisbury. 
Understands from Sir Henry Crofts, who is now there, tha 

he hopes by his Lordship's means to obtain something fron 
His Majesty towards his settlement and better maintenanc( 
to remain in this kingdom. Makes bold to recommend hin 
as one who, in the time of these late troubles, has ever serve( 
in good place of commander and his discharged the trus 
committed unto him with valour and discretion. Is restrainec 
from writing for men of his own profession when they ar( 
honest and fit to serve His Majesty, and might say more ii 
his praise if he were a stranger to Salisbury. It is necessary 
to cherish and enable him to abide here where he hath givei 
so good testimony of his industry, valour, and judgment 
being besides no longer fit to seek new fortunes by the war! 
elsewhere. Is now a pensioner at but 6s. 8d per diem, bj 
an entertainment very unassured, and daily subject to alter 
ation. Formerly held the office of scoutmaster, wherein Ik 
served very painsfully, and for which there is no man mor( 
sufficient. Bespeaks Salisbury's kind offices for him anc 
engages that these kind offices shall not be unworthily be 
stowed, if in troubles there may be further use of his service 
— Dublin Castle, 7 November 1606. 

P. 1. Hoi. Sealed. Add. Endd. : " Sir Arthur Chi- 
chester to the Earl of Salisbury." 

27. Sir A. Chichester to the Attorney and Solicitor 

General. 

Warrant for fiant containing grant to Sir Thomas Cootes 
Knight, of 6s. per day, pursuant to His Majesty's letters datec 
at Westminster, 20 August, 4th year of his reign. — Dublin 
8 November 1606. 

P. 1. Orig. 

28. Lord Tullophelim's Petition. 

Petition of Theobald Lord Butler of Tullophelim, for a gran 
of the lands of Strate Drishoke [Drishoge] in the Queen' 
County, as forfeited by Arthur Tomas, to whom they wen 
granted in 5th^ of the reign of Queen Elizabeth for an estat( 
in tail male, on condition of not aliening any part thereof un 
less to his children for life, and keeping .their mansion hous( 
and chief dwelling on the lands, which conditions are broken. 

P. 1. 

29. Treasurer at Wars' Account for 1606. 

An account (Latin) headed: "Declaratio Compi Georgi 
Gary, Militis, sub-thesaurarii ac Generalis Receptoris Regn 
Hibeinia?, pro tertio anni Regis Jacobi." 

PlJ. 2. Endd. : " 10 Nov. 1606. A brief note of an Iris] 
Declaration for 3rd of the King." 



IRELAND— JAIMES I. 13 



vol. 219, 129. 



1606. 
Nov. 11. 30. Order of the Lord Deputy and Council. 

vof'^ir^iog' "^^^ ^^^® sovereign Queen Elizabeth, in the time of the 

late rebellion established a standard of mixed moneys, espe- 
cially for the payment of Her Highness' army, which then 
stood and was of necessity to be maintained in this kingdom ; 
Her Highness notwithstanding allowing the exchange of the 
raonej^s in England, to her exceeding charge and great expense 
of treasure. 

And after the death of the said late Queen, the rebellion 
being appeased, and the greater part of the army being dis- 
charged, the King understanding that the said mixed moneys 
bred many grievances and inconveniences to the subjects of 
this realm, was pleased, by a proclamation bearing date the 
11th day of October 1603, to decry the said mixed moneys to 
their true value, and also to establish a new standard of nine 
ounces fine silver, being the ancient standard of this kingdom, 
every piece whereof bearing the name of a shilling, should go 
current and be taken for 12d. sterling, and all other pieces 
of the said new silver standard should be taken rateably 
according to the quantity and proportion of the same. 

And inasmuch as the King by his letters of the 25th of 
June and of the 30th of September signified, that the said 
word " sterling " did breed an error, being construed as if every 
harp shilling should be taken for sixteen pence of the money 
of this countiy, and so should carry as high a valuation as the 
sterling shilling of England, while in truth his meaning was 
and is, that every harp shilling should bear the name and 
value of twelve pence Irish, according to the standard of this 
realm, which in true value is but nine pence English. 

They therefore in His Majesty's name and by his express 
commandment, proclaim, that from henceforth the said name 
of sterling shall not be applied to the harp shillings of the 
standard of nine ounces of fine silver, but shall in that respect 
be utterly abolished in this kingdom. And that every silver 
harp shilling of the nine ounces fine standard shall be called 
twelve pence Irish, and not twelve pence sterling, and shall be 
current only for that value. 

Provided always, that all payments to persons warranted 
only by list, establishment, or concordatum, already made, and 
not by letters patent under the great seal or special direction 
hereafter from His Majesty, shall be made according to the 
rate of the standard of the new harp moneys of nine ounces 
fine silver, and not according to the rate of the standard of 
English moneys. 

And as the word "sterling" hath bred many doubts in 
contracts, receipts, and payments in this kingdom, it is there- 
fore His Majesty's express will and pleasure, in order to avoid 
all ambiguities, that from henceforth in all contracts, receipts, 
and payments. His Majesty's subjects of this kingdom shall 
use the word of current or lawful money of Ireland, whereby 
shall be understood money of the said standard of nine ounces 



14 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



1606. 



S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 219, 130. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 219, 131. 

Nov. 12. 
S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 219. 132. 



fine silver proper to this kingdom. — Castle of Dublin, 11 No' 
vember 1606. 

Signed : Thorn. Dublin, Cane, Thom. Ridgeway, Rich 
Wiugfield, James Ley, Nich. Walshe, Ant. Sentleger, Olivei 
S. John, Oliver Lambert, Fraunces Stafford, Garret Moore 
Rich. Morison, James Fullerton, Jeff. Fenton. 

P. 1. Printed. jE'tic^cZ. ;*' Proclamation, &c." 

31. Duplicate of above. 

32. Another copy of above. 

33. Sir John Davys to the Earl of Salisbury.i 

There are not many weeks passed since I presumed to 
trouble you with an advertisement at large of that journey 
which was performed the last summer vacation by the Lord 
Deputy and the Judges of Assize in three of the most un- 
reformed counties of Ulster. When that journey was ended 
the Chief Justice and myself were employed in a second circuit 
to visit the counties of Waterford, Wexford, and Wicklow, 
whereof the two former (being ancient and inhabited by people 
of English race), have had our laws and government so long in 
use among them that our business there was usual accord- 
ing to the manner of assizes in England^ nothing arising that 
was extraordinary or of special note or consideration. But 
the county of Wicklow containing all the mountainous country 
of the Birnes and Tooles (which was never duly reduced into 
shire ground until the last year, but the inhabitants thereof, 
even at the elbow of the State, were suffered still to live 
like outlaws) ; — in this new county the very appearance, 
attendance, and conformity of the rude people, if there had 
been no other occurent considerable, did, in my apprehension, 
yield some matter not unfit to be observed, and reported unto 
you. 

When we came to Waterford where we sat first, we found 
there the Lord President of Munster, with others of the 
Council of that province. 

In the gaol there were not many prisoners, nor among 
them any notorious malefactors, and the civil bills exhibited 
to the justice were but few and trifling, because the Council 
table there was possessed of the most and best causes. 

The principal business which we had to do, and which drew 
my Lord President to meet us here, was to inflict some punish- 
ment upon the obstinate recusants of that city, which hitherto 
had not been performed. The course we took against them 
was of two kinds ; against the principal aldermen, we pro- 



' This highly interesting and characteristic letter of Sir John Davys, as being 
the complement of the well-known account of his Ulster circuit, printed in his 
Historical Tracts, and of the Munster Circuit, printed in vol. i. 463, is here 
given verbatim and without abridgment. 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 15 

1606. 

ceeded by way of censure at the Council table of the province 
for their several contempts against the King's proclamations, 
and special commandments of the Lord President, under the 
Council seal of Munster. Against the multitude we proceeded 
by way of indictment upon the statute of 2 Eliz., which giveth 
only the penalty of 12d. for absence from church every Sunday 
and holiday. The fines imposed at the table were not heavy, 
being upon some 501. a-piece, upon others 40?., so that the 
total sum came not to 4:001. ; but there were so many of the 
commoners indicted that the penalty of 12d. given by the 
statute came to 24>0l. or thereabouts. This being done, we 
empanelled a special jury and charged them to inquire of the 
number of the benefices with cure of souls in that county, of 
the reparation and decay of the several churches, of the in- 
cumbents, of the patrons, and of their yearly value, &c., and 
we enjoined them to return their presentment unto my Lord 
President before the 1st of November following. And this 
in effect was the service which we performed at Waterford. 

From thence we went to hold session at Wexford, but by 
the way (although it were somewhat out of our way) we went 
to New Kosse, a corporate haven town in the county of Wex- 
ford, in which town we were informed that the sovereign and 
burgesses had committed a notorious outrage in disturbing 
and interrupting the minister there while he was saying divine 
service. To examine this matter we went thither, and upon 
examination we found, that albeit the greatest part of the 
townsmen be obstinate recusants, yet twice or thrice every 
year they come all to the church to make a superstitious 
offering at the place where the high altar stood, and that 
upon Christmas day last the sovereign and inhabitants, to the 
number of 200, came into the church with an extraordinary 
noise and tumult, and making their popish offering, then dis- 
turbed the poor minister from making a sermon, which he 
had prepared for his small auditory ; and that upon Easter 
day last, the same sovereign came with as great a company, 
and in the same disorderly manner and interrupted the cele- 
brating of the Communion ; having taken these examinations 
we bound over the sovereign and some others whom we found 
to be busy and most malicious in this disorder, to appear in 
the Star Chamber this term ; for the rest we left them to be 
indicted upon the statute 2 Eliz. And so from Rosse we 
departed to Wexford. 

Wexford. At Wexford the gaol delivery was of some length and 

labour, for the prison was not only full of such as were com- 
mitted for felonies, but there came in many loose and master- 
less men, being bound by recognizance to appear at this 
session. And yet of all that great number there was only one 
prisoner condemned and executed, whose offence was that he 
procured the house of a poor Protestant vicar to be burned, 
which we found, upon examination of the circumstances of 
the fact, to have been done rather out of malice to his person 
than to his religion or profession. 



16 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

IGOG, 

The civil petitions or bills were at least 300 ; besides the 

came down out of the court above more than 20 causes to 1 

tried by nisi prius, and all for titles of land, the mere Irii 

being plaintiffs in the most part of those trials. We we 

glad to see them relinquish the trial of the sword and judg 

ment of the barbarous Brehons, and so willingly to descei 

to the trial of the common law of England ; and to encoura 

them in this course we took as much care as was possible th 

their juries might he indifferent, giving them and their couns 

a patient and favourable hearing, and in truth they seem 

be well satisfied. Donell Spaniagh, among the rest, did car 

himself modestly and respectively beyond our expectatic 

The business of the Crown and country being finished, ^ 

caused the grand jury of the county to indict the recusal 

of Rosse, and a particular jury of Wexford to indict the rec 

sants of that town ; howbeit they found the bills with soi 

difficulty, for we were fain to threaten them with the St 

Chamber before they would return any presentment unto i 

Lastly, we impanelled a jury to inquire of the parish church 

within this country and of the incumbents and patrons, a: 

other circumstances, as we had done in the county of Wat( 

ford, and we prefixed them the like time for the return 

their inquisition to us at Dublin. And so we ended o 

sessions at Wexford. 

From thence we came to Wicklow, where there appear 
such a multitude of the natives of that country, that it seem 
strange that so many souls should be nourished in those wi 
and barren mountains. We ever thought that the reduci: 
of that country to be shire ground would impart much to t 
preservation of the public peace ; but we could not conceiv( 
hope that the rude inhabitants thereof would so quickly ha 
fallen in love with the public justice; because, albeit th 
were ever near the seats of justice, yet couid they ne\ 
heretofore be drawn to Dublin, but had always the reputati 
of outlaws and rebels ; however, now I conjecture the cai 
of their sudden conformity to be this. In the ancient tin 
O'Birne, and in the later times Feaugh M'Hugh and his so 
have exercised their Irish tyranny among them, and thou 
for the space of 50 years past or thereabouts, they have h 
seneschals appointed by the State, which place Sir H, Hi 
rington now holdeth, yet those seneschals never goverr 
them according to the laws of the kingdom, but accordi 
to their own barbarous customs, and suffered the chief lords 
cut and exact upon the inferior people on the one side, so tl 
they might also have their duties and customs paid unto th 
on the other side. But since the common laws of the res 
took place among them, they find an extraordinary libe: 
and protection, and therefore are exceedingly delighted s 
comforted with this form of government. Besides the ri 
people of this country did show their inclination to civilitj 
that the principal gentlemen and freeholders among them i 
appear in English apparel, which they had never before wo 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 17 



1606. 



The gaol in this new county was very full, out of which 
two notable thieves, in the nature of rebels, were condemned 
and executed. But because, before this county was made, 
the petty thieves were adjudged by the seneschal only to 
make restitution and to pay some fines, therefore the justices 
of assize thought it not unfit to convert the indictments of 
small thefts committed before the country was made a shire, 
when the people understood not the law, into indictments of 
trespass only, and to impose fines for the King upon the 
malefactors. Touching civil causes, we had many petitions 
and eight trials of nisi prius ; and in the greatest number 
of them Redmond M'Pheaugh, the second son of Pheaugh 
M'Hugh, who was wont to love the trial by the sword better 
than the trial of the law, was either plaintiff" or defendant, 
resembling in my conceit Ismael in the Old Testament, of 
whom it was prophesied, that his hand should be against 
every man, and every man's hand against him. Lastly, even 
in this wild county we impannelled a jury to inquire of the 
bounds of parishes, of the reparation of churches, of the in- 
cumbents and patrons and values of the church livings, 
enjoining to return their inquisitions before the end of this 
term. This course my Lord Chief Justice and I have taken 
in six several counties ; and the like hath been done in other 
parts of the kingdom, so that by the end of the next vacation 
inquisitions will be found of all the estate of all the parishes 
and churches in Ireland. But when all this is done, we can- 
not conjecture or conceive by what means the churches may 
be supplied with sufficient incumbents ; and yet there are few 
churches now void, but the most part of them are full of the 
most miserable idols, so that we cannot think or speak of them 
but with grief or shame. And yet we want not bishops or 
archbishops to oversee the churches ; for there is not a bishop's 
see that is not supplied double, one being placed by the King 
and another by the Pope. Being in the north this summer, 
I met with an Irish scholar, who had .been bred in France 
and Spain, among the fugitives of this nation, and of him I 
learnt the names and quality of the Pope's titulary bishops 
of Ireland, and who were present in the kingdom, and who 
were absent, and where they resided. 

In Ulster. — Dr. Peter Lumbard [Lombard], born at Water- 
ford, beareth the title of primate of Ardmagh ; he is now at 
the Court of Rome, where he hath a pension from the Pope 
of 200 ducats by the month. He hath also the dignity of a 
provost in the cathedral church of Cambray. 

One O'Boyle ^ hath the title of Bishop of Rapo [Raphoe] 
in Tirconnell ; he was born in that country, and resideth there, 
being countenanced by the Earl of Tirconnell. 

Connor O'Dovenny ^ hath the name of Bishop of Downe and 



' Neal or Cornelius O'Boyle, 

2 Or O'Duvany ; called in a nearly contemporary Latin catalogue in the 
Burgundian Library, Brussels, Cornelius Daanius. O'Renehan's Collections on 
Irish Church History, p. 273. 

2. B 



18 IRELAND — JAMES 1. 

1606. . , . 

Connor ; he liveth in Tyrone ; ^ we saw him in our last journ 

when we were near Ulster, for he was brought into t 

camp in the habit of a Franciscan. Cormock M'Baron, t 

Earl of Tyrone's brother, is his chief reliever and receiver. 

Richard ^ Brady is the titulary Bishop of Kilmore ; he 
very aged, and lurketh for the most in Westmeath. 

Jo. Gawne [M'Gauran] is called Bishop of Ardagh ; 1 
abode is uncertain, but he resorteth often to a place calli 
Granard, in the county of Longford. 

Owen M'lvor M'Mahon, one of the sons of Ivor M'CoU 
who is farmer to my Lord of Essex, in the Ferny [Farney], 
designed Bishop of Clogher, but is now in Germany. 

These are the Pope's bishops in Ulster. 

In Leinster. — One Matthias,'^ a Spanish friar, hath the Hi 
of Archbishop of Dublin ; he now liveth in a monastery 
Spain, not far from Madrid ; he hath a poor pension of thr 
ducats per diem. 

Franciscus di Rivera is the supposed Bishop of Leighlii 
he is now resident at Antwarp (sic). 

Robert Lalor,^ the priest who is now in the Castle 
Dubhn, and was a foUower of the house of Kildare, 
nominated Bishop of Kildare. 

In Mounster. — David O'Kerny ^ is made by the Pope Arc 
bishop of Cashell ; he liveth in the liberty of Tipperary. 

Thomas White, born in Waterford, and nephew to L 
Lumbard, the pretended primate of Armagh, hath the tit 
of Bishop of Waterford. He hath a benefice in the Lo 
Countries, but liveth with his uncle at Rome. 

Dr. James White ^ is called Bishop of Limerick, but reside 
at Clonmell in the liberty of Tipperary. 

In Conaght. — Florence O'Mulconner '^ hath the name 
Archbishop of Tuame, but liveth in the Court of Spain. 

One O'Mulrian,^ a native of the county of Limerick, is stiL 
Bishop of Killaloe ; he liveth in Lisbon, and hath a pension 
the King of Spain. There are some other bishoprics in tl 
kingdom for which the Pope hath provided bishops, of who 
I have no certain intelligence, so, as I said before, all the se 
are doubly furnished, and yet the people for the most pa 
have not any exercise of Christian religion. I have had 
purpose sometime to draw a few notes which I have collect( 
into a discourse, and therein to discover unto you the time sta 
of the church of Ireland; but it is so faulty, so deformed, a] 
so out of all order, that I am doubtful lest I should seem 
bewray an ill nature in discovering the faults thereof t 
bitterly, for in troth, if a man should discover all the trui 

^ See supra, vol. i. p. 453. Bishop O'Duvany was a Franciscan friar. 
2 " Richardus MTirady " [O'Renehan Collections, p. 274]. In some li 
he is called Thomas. 

■^ Matthew de Oviedo, a Friar Minor. * See supra, vol. i. p. 408. 

' " David Cameus," O'Renehan Collections, p. 274. 

I Sometimes confounded with Thomas White, Bishop of Waterford. 

' Florence Conray, O'Renehan Collections, pp. 39.5-8. 

^ " Fr. Cornelius Ryan," See O'Renehan Collections, p. 275. 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 19 



1606. 



his report might be thought incredible, and rather seem a 
libel than a true relation ; and yet I conceive some hope that 
if we might have a parliament, so that there might be a con- 
vocation of all the clergy, there would be some course taken 
for a reformation in some manner. 

Upon our return out of our later circuit, which was about 
the middle of October, we understood that not many days 
before the Earl of Tyrone had in a violent manner taken a 
great distress of cattle from O'Chane [O'Cahan], who hath mar- 
ried his bastard daughter, and pretendeth to be lord of all that 
country which beareth the name of the county of Colrane, but 
is now reputed part of the county of Tyrone, and which lying 
on the west side of the Banne, is as rich and fruitful a soil as 
any in Ulster. I observe not this to you as a matter of any 
consideration in respect of the riot, (albeit it be the first 
notorious violent act that the Earl hath done since he was 
received to grace), but to make an overture to you of a matter 
of good advantage, which I confess I understood not before 
I made my last journey into Ulster. The matter is this : 
I thought without question, and so it is generally conceived 
by us all, that the Earl of Tirone had been entirely seized 
in possession and demesne of all the county of Tirone, being 
in length 60 miles, and in breadth nearly 30, and that no 
man had had one foot of freehold in that country but himself, 
except the bishops and farmers of the abbey lands. I com- 
plained to you when I was last in England that this entire 
possession of so large an extent of land held by one man 
did hinder the service of the Commonwealth, and gave him 
too great a power over the goods and bodies of the King's 
subjects; and thereupon His Majesty was moved by you to 
write special letters to the Earl and other lords of the North, 
requiring them to make a competent number of freeholders 
in their several countries. 

The reason that moved us to think that the Earl had the 
freehold and clear possession of all the country did consist in 
this : — We know that by the statute of attainder of Shane 
O'Neale, made in the second year of Queen Elizabeth, all. 
the country of Tirone^ and divers other territories in Ulster, 
were resumed and vested actually in the Crown, without 
saving the rights of any of the inhabitants, and that after- 
wards the Queen did grant unto the Earl all the lands, 
tenements, and hereditaments, which his grandfather Con 
Baccagh O'Neale had, without any other limitation or ex- 
ception. But now on the other side, in our last northern 
journey, we made so exact an inquiry of the estates and 
possessions of the Irishry, that it appeared unto us plainly 
that the chief lords of every country had only a seigniory 
consisting of certain rents and duties, and had withal some 
special demesnes, and that the tenants or inferior inhabitants 
were not tenants at will, as the lords pretended, but free- 
holders, and had as good and large an estate in their tenancies 
as the lords had in their seigniories and that the uncertain 

li 2 



20 IRELAND — JAMES I. 

1G06. 

cuttings and exactions were a mere usurpation and a wron 

and were taken de facto, and not de jure, when the lords mac 

war one upon another, or joined together in rebellion again 

the Crown. This we found to be universally and infalliK 

true in all the Irish countries, wherein we held sessions th 

last summer ;— namely, in the several countries of M'Maho 

M'Guyre, O'Reley [O'Reilly] in Ulster, and in the countries 

the Birnes and Kavanaghs in Leinster. This being found, v 

began to consider whether the inhabitants of Tirone held n^ 

their estates and possessions in the same manner before tl 

statute of 11 Elizabeth, which swallowed up and confounde 

both the seigniories and the tenancies, and vested all in tl 

Crown. And we found by the general voice of all the peop 

in these parts, that O'Neale, the chief lord of that countr 

had only a chiefry or seigniory, with such rents and gro 

duties as other Irish lords had, with certain demesnes i 

Dungannon, Benburb, and Strabane ; and that there we 

many freeholders in that county of Tirone, whereof O'Chai 

was the chief, being also himself in his particular country 

chief lord or " Uriaght," having also under him divers fn 

tenants. The case standing thus, we examined the wor( 

of the Earl's patent, which we found to be only these : a 

lands, tenements, and hereditaments which Con Bacca^ 

O'Neale had at the time of his surrender in 34 Hen. VII 

What had Con Baccagh then ? Only a seigniory and certai 

means. Then hath my Lord of Tirone no more granted uni 

him but only a seigniory and certain demesnes, and not tl 

possessions of such as were free tenants at the time of tl 

grant made unto his grandfather, (whereunto his grant hal 

relation,) but their services are only granted unto him ; i 

that these possessions being resumed and vested in the Crov 

by the statute 11 Eliz,, they do, notwithstanding the Ear 

patent, remain in the Crown still ; and consequently i 

O'Chane's country, and all the old freeholders' possessions 

Tirone, are actually and really in His Majesty's hands. Hoi 

belt the Earl doth dispose of all that large country, (exce 

some parcels which in his last patent are reserved to Ti 

lagh M'Henry O'Neale, Henry Oge O'Neale, and the i\ 

forts of Charlemont and Mountjoy,) as if all were his 0"v 

proper demesnes, and as if all the tenants at wiU [were 1 

tenants], whereas in truth they are for the most part intrude 

wpon His Majesty's possession, 

I might ex offi^cio, by reason of the poor place I hold, pre! 
informations of intrusion against the occupiers of those lam 
but in respect of the place where the lands lie, the perso 
that hold them, and other circumstances, I do forbear to 
it without special direction or permission of the Council 
State ; and to that end I have moved my Lord Deputy a 
Council, acquainting them with the state of the cause, t 
they do yet advise thereon ; howbeit, I see no reason w 
the King's ministers should make any doubt to demand t 
King's own land of any subject here. But, howsoever tl 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



21 



1606. 



Nov. 13. 

Carte Papers, 
vol. 61, p. 199. 



Nov. 14. 

Carte Papers, 

vol. 61, p. 185. 



Nov. 14. 

Philad. P., 

vol. 3, p. 143. 



course may be yefc forborne in reason of State, I am well 
assured, that, if the King were possessed of all his lands in 
Tirone, namely, the monastery lands and the lands of the 
ancient freeholders; — if the primate of Armagh were re- 
possessed of the lands belonging to his see, and the Bishop 
of Clogher of the lands appertaining to his bishopric ; — if 
Tirlagh M'Henry and Henry Oge O'Neale may hold their 
territories, and the two forts of Charlemont and Mountjoy 
may enjoy the lands reserved and annexed thereunto ; — the 
greatness of this Earl will be moderate enough, and he will 
be reduced to that proportion and quantity of estate which 
O'Neale had before the wars of Lancaster and York, when 
the Earls of Ulster did flourish there, aud when the name of 
O'Neale was scarce heard of in the English Pale. In a word, 
if these possessions were rightly distributed and well settled, 
I think the Earl would not presume any more to write to the 
King (as he lately did ^) not to make a President in Ulster for 
his sake only, as if there were no other Lord in Ulster but 
himself — Dublin, 12 November 1606. 

Pjp. 16. Hoi. Not add. Endd. : " Sir John Davies to the 
Earl of Salisbury." 

34. Sir A. Chichester to the Attorney and Solicitor- 

General. 

Warrant for fiant of a licence to the Corporation of Water- 
ford, to export sheep skins from Waterford to Bristol, in as 
large a manner as the like is granted to the Corporation 
of Dublin, notwithstanding any statute to the contrary. — 
Dublin, 13 November 1606. 

P. 1. Oo^ig. 

35. Sir A. Chichester to the Attorney and Solicitor- 

General. 

Warrant for a fiant of pardon to five persons, of whom 
James Hauragham of Knocktofer in the county of Kilkenny, 
soldier, is the first. — Dublin Castle, 14 November 1606. 

P. 1. Orig. 

36. Lords of the Council to Lord Deputy and Council. 
Decline to raise the soldiers' pay from Irish to English 

currency, as recommended by the Lord Deputy and Cormcil, 
because it would open a gap for similar demands from foot 
to horse, from soldiers to officers, from officers to patentees, 
from patentees to all officers civil. From what they hear, 
grain and cattle are cheap at present in Ireland, so that 
eight pence Irish is greater pay for a soldier than eight pence 
English at any other time. 

They conceive that the hardships which are endured by the 
soldiers by reason of the unwillingness of the country to sup- 
ply them with victuals, and which are so earnestly pressed 
by Byrchensha [Birchenshawe], arise rather from scarcity of 



' See supra, vol. i. p. 548. The letter is dated Dungannon, 17 June 1606. 



22 IRELAND — JAMES T. 

1G06. 

money than from the smallness of their pay; and, as M 
Treasurer has been sent over with treasure to make full pj 
till the I7th of the present month, they hope there wi 
be contentment. As to the other remembrances by Byrd 
ensha, they have paid all the money the Lord Deputy ai 
the Council had borrowed, how hardly soever they have con 
by the money to pay it, and have thus not only preserve 
but strengthened their credit. They can take no resolutic 
concerning the repairing of Haleboling and Castlepark ti 
they shall receive their farther report whether they are i 
to be kept or quit. They may add two to the two presei 
commissaries of musters of the forces, the former pay, ho\ 
ever, to provide for the whole. They cannot accept Byrcl 
ensha's excuses for the defective musters, but conceive thi 
it is because so many both of the Council and in principi 
places of command are interested in concealing the defect 
that the matter has continued so long unreformed. If the 
were not, there would be no such strange arrears as thoi 
challenged by the captains, of 1,000L and 2,000?. upon pr 
tence of their payment of their companies. They sugge 
a payment by the poll, which might be feasible, the arm 
being then so reduced. They deem the boats at Loughfoil 
Balleshannon, Masseryn, and Lough Sidney, which were use 
to supply those garrisons with wood and necessaries i 
troubled times, not to be needed now in time of peace, sue 
as is the present, when they can be supplied from elsewher 
It was never their meaning to discharge all the officei 
holding by patents during'good behaviour, but only thos 
whose patents might be questioned at law, in cases whei 
their offices were deemed unnecessary or of greater char^ 
than was fit to be continued ; and even then, that they shou] 
receive the amount of their fee by way of pension, Joh 
Aishe, by His Majesty's consent, is to have William Bourke 
pension of 4s. by the day, on the surrender of the latte 
Lastly, though it is necessary, as they are informed, to kec 
up a provost marshal at 4s. per day, by reason of the mau 
disorders of the city of DubHn receiving idle and suspicioi 
persons, priests, seminaries, and Jesuits, alluring the citizei 
to masses and secret meetings, yet they will require the cil 
itself for the future to bear that charge. With regard to tl 
abatements directed, His Majesty leaves them to suspei 
these, if they be found indiscreet. The amounts saved, ho-^ 
ever, are to be employed in repairs of forts and other necessai 
works. — Whitehall, 14 November 1606. 

Signed: T. EUesmere, Cane, J. T. Dorset, Nottinghai 
T. Suffolk, J. E. Worcester, H. Northampton, Salisbury. 

P. 3. Orig. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Ghichestei 
" Of the 14 Nov, 1606. From the LLs. of the Counsell, i 
answer to ours, conceminge the increase of the soldier s pa] 
to eight pence English by the daye, and John Ashe to hoA 
the pension of William Bourke. Ke. by Ralfe Birchenshaw 
the 28 of Dec. following," 



IRELAND— JAMES 1. 23 



1606. 
Nov. 14. 37. Lords of the Council to Sm Arthur Chichester. 

vol 3 ^'^ U5 Have received a letter from him and four of the Council/ 

with a report of their travel and discoveries in Fermanagh, Mo- 
naghan, and Cavan, and their proposals for the establishment 
of a settled government in those counties. First for Monaghan. 
They have, by that their report, restored the establishment made 
about 16 years past, but overthrown by the wars; by renew- 
ing estates of inheritance to the ancient freeholders, except to 
those whose ancestors were slain in rebellion ; and those lands 
they have, for an example and terror to others, displanted, and 
placed upon them others of sufficiency. They are persuaded 
His Majesty will be pleased when he hears that, by the new 
establishment, the county, which had been under the oppres- 
sion of one chieftain, is now divided into seven or eight chief 
lords, under whom are assigned freeholders ; and that they by 
their grants pay a chief rent to His Majesty and the like to 
the superior lord, and thus depend on His Majesty and 9,re 
freed from Irish exactions. They approve of their having 
allowed the seneschal of the county 2,000 acres, with con- 
dition to erect a castle in a fit place for service ; — a condition 
to which they have bound all persons receiving grants of 
Termon lands in that country ; amongst whom Sir Roger 
Wilbraham, having interest in a Termon, consented to abide 
by such rule of plantation as should be enjoined. Before 
assenting to their suggestion that Fermanagh and Cavan 
should be reduced to the like establishment as Monaghan, 
out of a dislike they (the Lord Deputy and Council) have 
to the division made (by His Majesty's direction to Sir George 
Carey), between Coconaght and Connor Roe M'Guire, of Fer- 
managh, which might content seven lords ; and of Cavan 
consisting of seven baronies, four of them allotted to Sir 
O'Relie {sic) and his posterity, whereas they (the Lord De- 
puty and Council) would wish that it were distributed to 
more lords, and that a part of every barony were reserved for 
English servitors, or that a whole barony in the centre of 
the county were reserved to build castles upon for better de- 
fence of the country, alleging as a good occasion that Cavan 
is escheated to His Majesty ; — they require him (Chichester) 
to have the titles and disposition of the people debated by 
himself and some others of the Council. And as there are 
many of the Council who might have a private interest, he 
is to call to his assistance, besides the former four, the Lord 
Chief Baron, the Master of the Rolls, Treasurer at Wars, the 
two secretaries, or any others he may think fit. They are to 
certify by what title the lands to be divided were vested in 
His Majesty ; and secondly, in the division of the country 
the natives are to be preferred, and if any English or 
foi-eigners should be planted there, it might be for church 
lands (to which the natives seldom laid claim) and in some 

1 See supra, vol. i. pp. 558-61. 



24 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



1606. 



[Nov. 14.] 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 219, 132a. 



Nov. 16. 

Carte Papers, 

vol. 61, p. 195. 



Nov. 17. 

Carte Papers, 
vol. 61, p. 208. 



Nov. 18. 

Carte Papers, 

vol. 61, p. 207. 



Nov. 18. 
S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 219, 134. 



few places for service, lest if many strangers be brougl 
in among them, it should be imagined as an invention i 
displant the natives, which would breed a general distasi 
in all the Irish. Lastly, the division is to be made in th 
shire towns by commissioners of indifferency, that each man 
merit and pre-eminence may be known ; and the Lords ai 
to be persuaded to accept of moderate portions, as it is s 
Monaghan, so that the scheme may wear the appearance c 
agreement rather than enforcement. They will expect a pic 
of the division, with the lots of each lord and gentleman, an 
the rents reserved ; and thereupon their Lordships shall hav 
their resolution. — Whitehall, 14 November 1606. 

Signed: T. Ellesmere, Cane, J. T. Dorset, T. Suffolk 
H. Northampton, Salisbury. 

Pp. 2. Orig. Add Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester 
" From the LL.s of the Counsell, in aunswer to ours tuching 
our observations and propositions sent to their LL.s'upo: 
our retourne from Monahan, Fermangh, and Cavan in ann 
1606. Receaved by Ralfe Byrchenshawe, the 28th Decembe 
1606." 

38. Payment of Muster Companies. 

A rate of payments of the muster companies. 
[This scheme is probably connected with the Council'i 
letters, 14 November 1606, referred to on 21 January 1607.' 
P. 1. Endd. in the handwriting of Lord Salisbury. 

39. Sir A. Chichester to Attorney and Solicitor 

General. 

Warrant for fiant of pardon to James and George Dowdal.— 
Dublin, 16 November 1606. 
P. 1 . Orig. 

40. Sir A. Chichester to the Attorney and Solicitor 

General. 

Warrant for fiant of leave of absence to Owen Wood, Deai 
of Armagh, one of His Majesty's chaplains in ordinary, t( 
repair to England, non obstante the statute of Absency.— 
Dublin Castle, 17 November 1606. 

P. 1. Orig. 

41. Sir A. Chichester to Attorney and Solicitor 
General. 
Warrant for fiant of leave of absence to Laurence Parson 
of Dublin, gentleman, clerk of the Crown and peace in th' 
province of Munster, for five years, to study the law at thi 
Inns of Court in England, notwithstanding the statute o 
Absency. — Dublin Castle, 18 November 1606. 
P. 1. Orig. 

42. Sir H. Brouncker to the Lords of the Privi 
Council. 
Has heard that their Lordships desire to draw this rebellioui 
people to conformity by a gentle course. This is agreeabh 



IRELAND— .JAMES I. 25 



1006. 

with his disposition ; and he had very carefully pursued it till 
he saw that his lenity and long patience brought forth no better 
results than hardness of heart, increase of presumption, and 
contempt of the highest authority. Finding by experience 
and by the loss of his extreme labours, that his gentleness was 
abused, he was forced to forget his own nature and to deal 
more severely with the wilful, knowing that affliction bringeth 
understanding, and that it is good for offenders to be humbled. 
Has used much moderation nevertheless in punishing, so that 
very few are impaired by it. In his last letters sent by Sir 
Pa. Lane, was bold to deliver his opinion for a general con- 
formity. The long stay of their Lordships' answer makes him 
fear that his endeavours are not well accepted ; but if success 
confirm his judgment, doubts not of the Lords' favourable 
allowance of all his proceedings, howsoever erroneous they 
may now seem. Thus far he has prevailed, that many of the 
towns are almost wholly reclaimed, and even this city of 
Cork, how stubborn soever not many weeks past, is now so 
well conformed, that the mayor, having been brought up 
amongst the Spaniards, and for a long time extremely wilful, 
has, by a little correction, been brought to church, and so in 
love with the word preached, and so well satisfied in con- 
science, that he offered to communicate with him (Brouncker). 
Many of his brethren and the commons follow his example ; 
and the assembly so increases daily that he has no doubt that 
all or the most part will conform themselves, excepting some 
ignorant and vainglorious persons, of whose conversion not- 
withstanding he is not altogether hopeless. The good bishop 
of this diocese has so well provided learned preachers that 
he that cometh to church most unwillingly goeth home both 
comforted and contented, and thankful to him (Brouncker) 
for compelling this obedience. In the country no one man 
has been questioned for recusanc}^, and yet the Bishop, 
visiting the poor parishes himself, has drawn many to church, 
who hearing the Scriptures expounded by fresh ministers, 
rejoice in the means of their salvation. Beseeches their 
Lordships to encourage this good old Bishop by favourable 
letters, taking knowledge of his care in producing able and 
godly ministers, which he (Brouncker) ventures to say exceed 
the number of 22 in this one diocese^ besides sUch readers 
maintained with his Lordship's own purse for the instruction of 
those that understand not English. — Cork, 18 November 1606. 
Pp. 2. Hoi. Sealed. Add. Endd. : " Sir H. Brouncker 
to the Lords of the Privy Council." 

Nov. 18. 43. SiE H. Brouncker to the Earl of Salisbury. 

^^'a^q^^^a^' ^^ very much grieved at the news of his Lordship's extreme 

' ' sickness. Details his great anxiety to produce a general con- 

formity. — Cork, 18 November 1606. 

Pp. 2. Hoi. Sealed. Add. Endd. : " Sir H. Brouncker 
to the Earl of Salisbury." 



26 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



1606. 
Nov. 18. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 219, 136. 



Nov. 19. 
S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 219, 137. 



Nov. 19. 
Carte Papers, 
vol.61, p. 170. 



44. Sir Jeff. Fenton to the Earl of Salisbury. 

Mr. Treasurer is at last arrived and cast upon the coEist o 
Wicklow in the Birne's country, he and his charge bein^ 
preserved more by miracle than by ordinary means, such w&i 
the rage of a storm, "which put him upon that coast, beyonc 
all expectation of safety. And yet, being careful not to pu1 
so great a charge to the adventure of a second peril to brin^ 
it to Dublin by sea, he caused the treasure to be put pre 
sently on shore, and, making shift in that poor country tc 
get cars, he brought it upon the way towards Dublin till h( 
met some carts sent to him by the Lord Deputy for tha 
purpose. Since his coming to Dublin the Deputy and Counci 
have published a proclamation ' for reducing the coin to nin< 
ounces fine, to pass under the title of current money of Ireland 
and for suppressing the old erroneous word "sterling"; somi 
of which proclamations being sent in the packet for theh 
Lordships, he ventures to enclose two for his (Salisbury's 
particular use. As the humours here grow more and mor( 
to a better constitution, working every way to reformation 
there is no necessity to trouble him with further advertise 
ment at this time. His packet of the 2nd of this month 
signifying His Majesty's .pleasure for the trying of Purcell 
who murdered the late sheriflf of Tipperary, was received th( 
10th of the same. As Purcell is now upon his trial by law 
so for Ferrioughe M'Hugh, another condemned traitor men 
tioned in that letter, order is given for his execution. Thi; 
last is the man, of whom he wrote in his last, who made offe: 
to discover matters of service tending to conspiracies suppose( 
to be plotted by some great ones in some of the remot( 
provinces. But upon further search and examination o 
circumstances, it is found that all this was but a false pre 
tence in order to gain time to wind himself out of danger o 
the laws, a practice over frequent in this kingdom. — Dublir 

18 November 1606. 

P. 1. Hoi. Sealed. Add. Endd. : " Sir Jeff. Fenton t 
the Earl of Salisbury." 

45. Sir H. Brouncker to the Earl of Salisbury, 
Relates his success in producing conformity, especially h 

Youghal, where upwards of 600 people attend church. Johi 
Burke tries to raise a rebellion, but is apprehended. — Cori 

19 November 1606. 

Pp. 2. Hoi. Sealed. Add. Endd. : " Sir H. Brouncke 
to the E. of Salisbury." 

46. Sir Arthur Chichester to Sir J. Davis. 

Warrant to prepare fiant of grant of Keeper of Monagha 
Gaol, to Gabriel Throckmorton, gent., during good behaviou: 
—Dublin Castle, 19 November 1606. 



^ Supra, p. 13. 



IRELAND — JAMES I. 



27 



1606. 

Nov. 19. 

Philad. P., 
vol. 3, p. 141. 



Nov. 20. 
Philad. P., 
vol. 3, p. 147. 



47. Lords of the Council to Sm Arthur Chichester. 
His Majesty has considered of those discoveries which the 

Lord Deputy and Council have gathered out of the confessions 
of Sir Neale O'Donnel, Teag O'Corkran, More, and Kilmeny, 
with other informations of that nature. 

Considering that many of the better sort of that nation 
(being nursed up in rebellion) are apt to be discontented, 
and in particular quarrels are ready to accuse one another, 
His Majesty advises the Council to be more cold in calling 
them in question, and for the following reasons : — 1st. Sup- 
posing the reports to be true of their sending to and fro 
towards the Archduke's, it could not be held an offence, as 
liberty had been given them for their sons and friends to 
serve the King of Spain as they do ; 2nd. People cannot but 
be persuaded that the peace would break between England 
and Spain, and they are no doubt expecting to be set on in 
the old manner, and are no doubt principally restrained by 
their poverty. The case standing thus, the King thinks it 
enough for the present, first to have a care of the northern 
forts, as it appears by the informations taken that much of 
the conversation of the disaffected is concerning the sur- 
prise of them ; and lastly, if the charges be not fully proved, 
to let the suspected know, that, though they had been ac- 
cused, the King is unwilling to doubt their loyalty as long 
as he shall find any reason to esteem them. But if the 
Council has obtained any certain proof that those suspected 
have practised for any invasion or rebellion, then the King 
leaves it to their discretion to make sure of their persons. 

They may also apprise them that, notwithstanding the 
rumours of a breach with Spain on account of the wrongs 
done to some of the English merchants, not only is it evident 
that the King of Spain is unable to engage in open hostilities 
against England, but that his dispositions are to make amends 
to the merchants. — Whitehall, 19 November 1606. 

Signed: T. Ellesmere, Cane, J. T. Dorset, Notingham, T. 
Suffolk. J. E. Worcester, H. Northampton, Salisbury. 

Pp. 31 OHg. Add. Endd. hy Sir A. Chichester: ''Of the 
14th of No. 1606. From the LLs. of the Counsell, in answer 
of some discoveries sent unto their Lops." 

48. Lords of the Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. 
One Cahill M'Donough, of the province of Connaught, the 

bearer, having petitioned the King for a grant of a portion of 
the manor and seignory of Ballemore, forfeited by his an- 
cestors, which the Lords could not recommend (though willing 
to relieve him) because of the general prejudice that might 
thence ensue to His Majesty's interest, they recommend rather 
that certain kinsmen of his ought to participate with him 
such lands as they held, the lands of Ballemore (according 
to his account) being an equal loss to all of them ; and 
they direct that Sir Robert Remington and the next going 



28 



IRELAND— JAMES T. 



1G06. 



Nov. 22. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 219, 138. 



Nov. 23. 
S.P., IrelaDd, 
Tol. 219, 139. 



Judges of Assize of Connaught be instructed to see that th 
petitioner's kinsmen do him right, for that the petitione 
was the best and eldest of that sept and name, and by reaso; 
of his years very unfit for travel and suit. — Whitehall, 2^ 
November 1606. 

Signed: R Cant., T. ElJesmere, Cane, J. T. Dorset, H 
Northampton, Salisbury, Gilb. Shrewsbury, Exeter, E. Zouch( 
W. KnoUys, J. Fortescu, J. Popham, J. Herbert. 

P. ^. Orig. Add. Endd. : " From the LLs. in the behal 
of Cahill M'Donogh of the province of Connaught." 

49. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Earl of Salisbury. 
The place he holds requires him sometimes to recommenc 

the King's "good servants in the wars and other employments 
but in this kind he has been very sparing in regard of thi 
times, especially where it increases the King's charge. Makei 
bold to acquaint his Lordship that Sir Henry Poure {sic) ha; 
long served in this land and longer in other parts. He has beei 
a colonel many years, and lately had the government of th( 
Queen's County, with a fee of 10s. a day by patent, all whicl 
he worthily deserves for sundry services. The last establish 
ment has discharged him of this pension, and left him only { 
captain of 50 men. He has conceived, in consequence, that hii 
services are either unknown or forgotten ; and, iu order thai 
he may understand it otherwise, he (Chichester) solicits for hin 
the continuance of his government, or at least of the fee, whicl: 
by his Lordship's good means has been restored to others 
Begs further that the King will be pleased to honour him witl 
the place of a privy councillor in this kingdom, of whicl 
he (Chichester) thinks him very worthy, and well able ir 
both places to do the King good service. — Castle of Dublin 
22 November 1606. 

P, 1. Hoi. Sealed. Add. Endd.: " Sir A, Chichester tc 
the Earl of Salisbury." 

50. Richard Purcell to Sir A. Chichester. 

Has preferred several petitions, all tending to a speedy jusi 
trial of the fact wherewith he is charged. His Lordshij 
has always referred him to the judges. Is forced by the 
speedy dispatch he has had to acknowledge a commiseratior 
of his estate, and yet a desire of a just and lawlike proceed 
ing by referring the same to the judges. But such is th( 
greatness and influence of his prosecutovs, that he remains 
after four months' imprisonment, without hope of speed oj 
indifference. In the shire, where by extremity of law his 
trial must be, a sheriff is appointed who is brother-in-la-w 
to the party slain. The coroners are within the distress 
and command of his most potent adversary, and have alreadj 
shown their partiality. Desired a jury, by consent, out oJ 
another county, or out of the borough towns of this countj 
itself, but his adversaries would consent to no indiffereni 
course ; so that now, for his own dispatch out of the iron; 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 29 



1606. 



and misery wherein lie lives, he must either desperately yield 
himself to be tried by a jury to be returned by the sheriff of 
that county, or abide the sure ending of his life in the ever 
rising calamity of his present fortune. His land at this present 
yields him no means for his relief. His goods, which by the 
law should be allowed for his maintenance, are all taken, and 
his friends dare not help him, as knowing it to be offensive to 
his adversaries, under whose command they live. And to 
help all this, his little boy, who was a towardly scholar, is now 
debarred from the school, to the end his rudeness and igno- 
rance may give way hereafter to their designments against 
him, as they have done to himself; he having been at the 
study of the laws, and having been compelled by the poverty 
of his parents (occasioned by the extremity used towards 
them) to leave it, so that he sees even before his eyes the end 
of his life and fortune. And although by the continual 
meditation of it, he willingly embraces it, yet he begs per- 
mission, in discharge of some imputations which are laid 
upon him, and which his adversaries make boast to be already 
related to the Lords in England, to say this much, that where 
he is charged with murdering of his brother and other sheriffs, 
thereby to make this offence the greater, he renounces favour 
here, or mercy in the other world, if the one or the other be 
true (which he refers to the testimony of such of the country- 
as are here) ; and he prays him (Chichester) to examine them 
thereupon, and he will find it is no other, but even as after 
the rendering of himself to his Sovereign's mercy, without 
assurance either of pardon or protection. And as, when he 
was with Chichester, they informed sometimes that he was in 
action, other times that he went to Spain ; so now they cast 
those false blobs in the way, in order to break his neck with 
them ; since the present matter may not well effect this, if 
it may be carried in the true balance of justice, as they fear 
it shall be. Those who procured my noble Lord of Ormond 
to persecute his father and mother from time to time, by long 
imprisonment and such other extremities, and to take a 
principal part of their lands to his own hands, continue their 
old malice, and haply taking advantage of his defect, write 
that which his honour never purposed to have done or written. 
Ventures the more boldly to affirm this, because he knows his 
care hath ever been such of his honour that (to gain the 
world) he would not be found with any untruth ; and these, 
to the knowledge of all the country, are most false and 
slanderous, and consequently are to be no way ascribed to 
his report or informing, but rather to the inveterate malice 
of his counsellors and secretaries. 

If he (Purcell) were to follow the practices and projects 
charged by them at several times for his destruction, he must 
have descended from a letter to a book, and so grown cumber- 
some to Chichester, He therefore leaves him for that to the 
report of such as have known the country. For his own self, 



30 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1606. 

out of that natural desire which all men. have of life an* 

liberty, he once more prays that his Lordship may be pleasec 

by advice of the Council, to lay down a course for hin 

that he may find some taste of his Sovereign's mercy, int' 

whose hands he put himself, without constraint, at first ; an( 

that he may either for the present be bailed upon very gooi 

security until his trial, or may be sent to the Marchelsea, wher 

he may be holpen with devotion, since his own means fail him 

and that by consent here, if it may not be from His Majest; 

in England out of his bounty and mercy, an indifferent cours 

may be taken for his trial, so that others whose chance ma; 

be to fall into a lapse hereafter, may be encouraged by hi 

good usage unto a voluntary deliverance of themselves to th 

State, when such occasion shall happen, and that all may jo; 

in having so gracious a Sovereign, — Castle at Dublin, 2 

November 1606. 

Postscript. — Lest his Lordship should not have been trul; 

informed of the state of the matter with which he (Purcell) i 

now charged, he explains that his mother and himself wer 

bound to his brother in statute staple for performing covenant; 

His brother's wife and himself were administrators to hin 

She, in time of infection, procured, unknown to him, a sole ad 

ministration to herself, and in like manner sued an extent c 

the statute, hereupon his goods were seized and left upo: 

sureties. Having succeeded in joining himself in the adrainis 

tration, he brought an audita querela and had a supersedeat 

The sherifi* came to fetch the goods which he left upon suretie; 

He requested him to leave them and showed him the supei 

sedeas and the joint administration. The sheriff answerec 

that his sister, for whom the execution was, would be angr; 

with him. He (Purcell) further showed him the opinio: 

of a gentleman learned in the law, that, as the case stoo( 

the supersedeas came time enough, because when an execu 

tion must be by inquisition, the seizing is but a degree to tl: 

execution, and so no execution is done before the supersedea 

and withal the leaving of the goods upon sureties might I 

well thought a suspending of the execution. Yet all would nc 

serve, and in the end they parted ; then, upon the advice < 

another learned in the laws who met with him in the wa; 

he returned again instantly and acquainted the sherifi" wii 

the other advice, and showed it unto him ; and said that, if 1 

would be so unreasonable for his sister, he (Purcell) wou] 

incur the hazard of taking his goods and then leave it to tl 

law, having so good opinion for it, rather than let his goods g 

His cattle being then distant firom the place where they me 

one of the sheriffs instantly laid hand on the staff on whic 

he (Purcell) leant ; then, being accompanied with four others c 

their nags without staves, and having lighted to get his sta 

from him, the sherifi''s men drew, and he, not being at leisu: 

to draw his sword, because he must have defended himse 

with his arms and hands from the blows, he drew only h 



IRP:LAND — JAMES I. 



31 



1606. 



Nov. 23. 

Carte Papers, 
vol. 61, p. 200, 



Nov. 24. 

Philad. P., 

Tol. 1, p. 173. 



Nov. 24. 
S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 219, 140. 



skeine, and by chance stabbing as he retired, they struck at 
him while he was down, and so did the sheriff, and wounded 
him extremely, and his men who were on horseback ; some of 
his men on foot overtook them at the meantime, and seeing 
him down, and thinking he had been at the least deadly 
wounded, they drew and struck confusedly at those who 
were about him to deliver him from being under them on the 
ground ; and in this manner the sheriff was slain. All this, 
he takes God to witness, is most true, and sucli as he defies 
his adversaries to disprove in any point. And withal he 
protests to God that he bore no malice to the sheriff, but 
great love, and that was well known to the country. He 
neither struck at him nor wished any to strike at him. 

Pf. 2. Hoi. Sealed. Add. Endd. : " Richard Purcell 
to the Lord Deputy of Ireland." 

51. Sis Aethue Chichestee to the Attoeney and Solici- 

toe-Genekal. 

Warrant for fiant of pardon of alienation to Robert Lord 
Bishop of Down and Connor, Roger Langford, of Carrickfergus, 
Esq., and Ezekiel Davies, of Kelruaige, in the county of An- 
trim, gent., and to every of them, of the manor and lordship of 
Ardquin, in the county of Down. — Dublin Castle, 23 November 
1606. 

jP. 1. Orig. 

52. The King to Sie Aethur Chichester. 

Warrant to accept a surrender from Eusebius Andrews, of a 
patent granting him a pension of 5s. by the day, Irish money, 
for his life, because of some defect in the patent, and to re- 
grant him the same by a fresh patent. Also to accept a sur- 
render of his warrant of Clerk of the Crown, and of the 
Common Pleas, and clerkship of assize and of the peace of 
the King's County, Queen's County, Kildare, and Catherlough, 
and to re-grant the same to him and his brother Henry 
Andrews for their joint lives and the life of the longer liver 
of them. — 24 November, in the fourth year of the reign. 

Pp. 1^. Orig. Add. Inrol. Endd. by Sir Arthur 
Chichester: "From the Kinge's Maiestie in the behalfe of 
Eusebius Andrews & his brother Henrie, and tuching his 
petition, &c." 

53. Lord Deputy and Council of Ireland to the Lords 

OF His Majesty's Peivy Council 

The 29th of the last month. Sir Thomas Ridgeway, His 
Majesty's Treasurer (after he had endured a very dangerous 
passage in as violent a tempest as has been observed upon this 
coast many years), arrived safely at Wicklow, 24 miles from 
this city, together with His Majesty's treasure committed to 
his charge ; and, within two days after, the same was brought 
in whole, without diminution, as it was delivered unto him ; by 



32 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1606. 

which they observe his good regard of His Majesty's and the 

Lordships' commands. They are much comforted in beir 

enabled to give some contentment for the present to mar 

well deserving servitors who had remains due unto them sin< 

the 1st of July, and some for special services before that tim 

Did this in commiseration of their extreme necessities, an 

likewise to make some imprest to the companies of horse an 

foot, till towards the midst of December next. Have nc 

spared their best eodeavours to draw out the money to s 

great a length as possible ; and, as the remains due to servitoi 

here before July last are very troublesome to them, they pra 

their Lordships to urge His Majesty that some good an 

speedy course may be taken for satisfying of those remains 

some part thereof being due to very poor and decrepid person 

some to the country, but most to the army. These it woul 

be most convenient to be paid by Mr. Treasurer here, in sue 

measure and manner as their Lordships shall think convenient 

as well in regard of the disability of the persons to whom thos 

moneys are due to repair thither, as in order that His Majest; 

and themselves may not be troubled with their daily im 

portunities. Hope, by their care and good endeavours, hence 

forth to keep the King's ordinary charge here within the limit 

prescribed by his establishment, which they earnestly desir 

and study ; and they shall be better able to effect the same i 

means be sent hither in time, according to the course whicl 

they have heard has been discussed by their Lordships ;— 

namely, that a proportion of 12,000?. quarterly be sent hithei 

which they beg may begin with the Treasurer's time, and s( 

may come successively, and that it may be sent in conveniem 

time to succeed this treasure already issued and expended ; s( 

that they may not be forced to borrow or trouble the country 

which heretofore, besides the delays and difficulties in getting 

it, and the hazard of their own estates and credits in borrowing 

has been grievous to the soldier, hurtful to the country, anc 

prejudicial to His Majesty's service. In these respects, bein^ 

well acquainted with the inconveniences thereof, they mak( 

bold to entreat their Lordships' favour for the purpose o 

their prevention. According to His Majesty's pleasure, sig 

nified by his letters of the 30th of September last, andbrough 

hither by Mr. Treasurer, they have published a proclamatioi 

for reducing the coin of silver harps to the true value thereol 

as may appear by the proclamation herewith sent. And wherea 

they have valued the shilling current in England at 16d. Irisl 

(being directed by His Majesty's letters quite to abolish thi 

name of sterling), they were forced thereunto, first, because ; 

great part of this last treasure was sent in English money, an( 

next, from their experience of the great inconveniences whicl 

otherwise would daily happen among this people in their pay 

ments of debts and rents, but especially by the desire of pre 

venting the great loss His Majesty should sustain in receip 

of those of his rents and composition, which are reserved bj 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



33 



1606. 



Nov. 27. 

Philad. P., 
vol. 1, p. 17.5. 



Nov. 29. 
S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 219, 141. 



the name of sterling money, while by this course His Majesty 
■will be a gainer. Hold it their duty to acquaint their Lord- 
ships with various inconveniences which may ensue to His 
Majesty and his subjects here if the English coin be not made 
current in this kingdom ; the last of which is, that the English 
coin being but bullion in this kingdom, as there is no law to 
punish the counterfeiting of it, in degree of treason, this immu- 
nity from penalty will animate many to enterprise the coun- 
terfeiting of His Majesty's coin in Ireland. — Dublin Castle, 
24 November 1606. 

Signed : Arthur Chichester, Tho. Dublin, Cane, R. Wing- 
felde, James Ley, Nic. Walshe, Anth. Sentleger, 01. St. John, 
01. Lambert, Henry Harington, Garret Moore, Ja. Fullerton, 
Ri. Moryson, Jeff. Fenton. 

Pp. 5. Sealed. Add. Endd. : " Lord Deputy and Council 
to the Lords." 

54. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

Warrant to accept a surrender from Owen Brehonne and 
Gylle Gi'ome M'Brehonne, of Ballesadarra and Killvacallan, and 
30 quarters of land in the county of Sligo, whereof they or 
any of their ancestors were seised, and to re-grant the same, 
by letters patent under the great seal, to the said Owen 
Brehonne and Gylle Grome M'Brehonne, their heirs and 
assigns for ever, at such increased rent over that paid to the 
late Queen as the Deputy shall think fit ; to be held of the 
King, as of the castle of Athlone, in free and common soccage. 

A commission of survey to issue to ascertain how the lands 
were held, and what rents, duties, &c. were payable. — West- 
minster, 27 November, in the fourth year of the reign. 

Pp. ]^. Orig. Add. Inrol. Endd. hy Sir Arthur Chi- 
chester : " From the Kinge's Maiestie to accept of a surrender 
from Owen Brehoune and Gyll Grome M'Brehoune in the 
countie of Sligoe." 

55. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Earl of Salisbury. 

The Council in their several letter have signified the safe 
arrival of Sir Tho. Ridgeway with the treasure. His own 
letter will impart the division and distribution thereof. They 
have drawn it to serve the horse, foot, and wards to the 
20th of December for their weekly lendings, and after that 
time they must expect a supply from England. 

In his own separate letter he has answered to those of 
the Lords which concerned Ri. Purcell and Ferragh M'Hugh ; 
and he prays Salisbury to excuse him if he apprehends some 
wrong done to him by the person who gave advertisement of 
the delay of Ferragh's execution and the other's trial, which 
delay he suspects was ascribed to some private motive upon his 
part. Has acquainted his Lordship already with the cause for 
which Sir Robt. Remington reprieved Ferragh M'Hugh. xVs 
2. c 



34 IRELAND — JAMES 1. 

1606. 

for the other, it was he himself who apprehended him, withoi 
which he might have been at liberty to this time. Upc 
receipt of those letters he wrote to Sir Eobt. Remington 1 
cause Ferragh M'Hugh to be executed according to the jud^ 
ment he had received ; but in respect of his word and becau! 
he conceives he has revealed matters of moment, he desires i 
have him brought hither to be examined, and afterwards pr( 
ceeded withal as they may see cause. He (M'Hugh) is a fali 
and cunning fellow, and has said little more than he former] 
understood, except that he has named some particular persoi 
who have been (as he says) agents and messengers in tl 
practices, one of whom, named Donnogh O'Brien, he (Cbicheste 
has caused to be apprehended, and who has since that tin 
broken prison ; he was taken upon colour of being accessoi 
to a murder, and was never examined upon those oth( 
points, whereby he knows nothing thereof Knows no pri 
sent cause to delay Ferragh's execution, and if such be h 
Lordship's will, he shall receive the reward of his deserts. 

Has further advertised his Lordship of one John Bourke, ( 
the county of Limerick, who was lately proclaimed traitor b 
the President of Munster. By the persecution and apprehei 
sion of men of such quality and so befriended, he lays all waj 
and means to cut them off, and to purge the kingdom of sue 
ill members, whereby it may be brought to true obedience t 
His Majesty and his laws. Makes bold to affirm that it ws 
not in like quiet and way of reformation these many year 
and yet the forces are not great, nor are the payments of tl 
best. Often advises the Lords, especially of the North, t 
embrace civil plantations, and to take example from the Ea: 
of Thomond, who receives and entertains as many English { 
he can any way draw unto him, and uses them so well ths 
many resort thither. Suggests that by some letter or oth( 
means he (the Earl) may receive encouragement to contim 
that good course, which is the best means to bring peac 
safety, and plenty into the land. 

His Lordship has been a principal means to discharge hi 
of the bonds he entered into for money to serve the necessi 
of the times. Thanks him for this, and hopes that from henc 
forth Mr. Treasurer will take that office upon him. Begs th 
the arrears due to himself may be discharged, to enable hi 
to acquit his own obligations incurred in this public servic 
It is said there is a course intended to pay the remains d' 
in Sir G. Carey's time ; poor men cannot seek it there, ai 
even if that charge be not committed to the now Treasur( 
yet it were meet that the payments should be made he: 
where all men will be content to take less than in Englaii 
the charge of their travel and attendance there is so grei 
Calls attention to this matter, because the Lord Treasui 
has signified to him that some privy seals are already grant 
for this business, and that a saving course is intended. 



IRELAND — JAMES I. 35 



1606. 



Since the coming over of the Master of the Ordnance and 
other councillors newly sworn, there has been some question at 
the table in giving each man his due place. With the Treasurer's, 
marshal's, and judges' proper place, they are acquainted, but 
for the Master of the Ordnance they find here no precedent ; 
the question is, whether they shall take place as they are sworn 
councillors, by priority of knighthood, or by office ; and then 
what place the Master of the Ordnance is to take, for other 
officers are already determined. There are no precedents to 
inform them aright, nor will the decision which they may 
arrive at be satisfactory to ail. Hence, in order that every 
man may know his place, and so take it, he prays Salisbury 
to cause directions to be drawn and sent to that purpose, to 
which each man will submit himself. 

For the lands of John Bourke, if they escheat to His 
Majesty, there are sundry suitors. The Lord Bourke hath 
some hope thereof, partly by reason of his pretended title, and 
upon the words of the King's letters. He is a poor lord 
and very conformable. Has lately brought him to the church, 
and hopes he will continue there to the end, of which pro- 
fession there are seldom rebels ; the King hath given him 
501. in fee-farm, and if it so please His Majesty, he may pass 
this as a [parcel thereof, according to the extent or survey. 
Or it may be bestowed upon Captain Skip with, whom the 
President hath recommended, or part thereof 

The Earl of Tirconnell is very earnest with him for a lease 
of the Abbey of Asherowe [Assaroe], which he now holds by 
custodiam upon His Majesty^s letters, and pays nothing for it. 
Has promised to be a suitor to His Majesty that he may have 
it, provided he will disclaim his demand and challenge to the 
Lyffer, and will give way and assistance for the pulling down 
of the house and old walls (which in former letters he noted 
to his Lordship to be a neighbour to Ballashanon), and will 
erect the house in some place more convenient. Hopes to 
bring him to do this, and then in his opinion the lease were 
well, bestowed upon him. Desires, however, to understand his 
Lordship's pleasure, as there is a restraint in some of His Ma- 
jesty's letters forbidding the passing of any abbeys in the north 
without special direction. Is sending Sir Richard Hadsor 
[Hansard] (who is skilful in fortifications, and a very ingenious 
gentleman) to the Lyffer, and will bring that place to the best 
perfection in his power without charge to His Majesty ; for 
the towns and lands lying near it yield no profit to any man, 
neither it is brought to any form of good order. Is some- 
what backward in these things, as not fully understanding 
His Majesty's resolutions, and thus being exposed by going too 
far, to receive reproof in the end upon misinformation, when 
(God knows) he has no end but His Majesty's service and the 
kingdom's settlement. — Dublin Castle, 29 November 1606. 

Pp. 5. Hoi Sealed. Add. Endd. : " Sir Arthur Chi- 
chester to the Earl of Salisbury." 

2 



36 IRELAND— JAMES I. 



vol. 219, 142. 



1606. 

Nov. 30. 56. Sm Thomas Ridgway to the Lords of His Majesty 

S.P., Ireland, HONOURABLE PrIVY COUNCIL. 

England has long time taught hiin, and Ireland shall neve 
tempt him to forget, that he which receiveth much, of hii 
much shall be required. Has latel}'' received there a gre£ 
portion of the King's treasure, and a far greater portion < 
their Lordships' honourable favour : it remains that he retur 
some account of both. After 12 hours' fair sailing with 
flattering wind and a succeeding storm of 48 hours, arrive 
safely on the 29th of October with the treasure at Wicklov 
in the Birnes' Country. Deemed it his duty to land it withoi 
delay, and so slide it away as fast and as fittingly as t 
could to Dublin by land, not recommitting it to the seas. A( 
cordingly brought it thither on AU-Hallowtide-eve, being mt 
at Bray by some carts sent by the Lord Deputy to prever 
the new risen livers thereabouts. At his arrival at Dubli 
entered into examination of the state of His Majesty's charg 
from the time of lii.s entrance into his office of Treasurer a 
Wars in Ireland, until the said day of his arrival. Whereupo 
finding the money which he had brought would not fully pa 
the charge, but would leave His Majesty indebted 2,2111. 15s 
and that besides there would be nothing left to relieve tb 
army for the time coming if he should pay outHhe whole fc 
the time past, he presented the same to the Deputy, desirin 
that there might be part of the money reserved to imprest th 
army for November and some part of December, till moi 
money might be sent over. This he held to be most fit an 
convenient ; whereupon a dividend was made and the mone 
paid forth accordingly. Has nevertheless been constrained t 
borrow 2,000L upon urgent necessity to satisfy part of tli 
former charge ; and, if a second supply arrive not here by tt 
end of December next, will be forced to take up more mone 
for the army and other needful occasions for His Majesty 
service. Begs their Lordships to consider that His Majest 
is indebted from the 1st of July to the last of October 1 60( 
the foresaid sum of 2,211?. 15s., and that there is not an 
money left to pay for growing charges. And though it ma 
be conceived that the remains of the revenues, composition 
and casualties of this kingdom may be a great help t 
satisfy part of the aforesaid charge (as it might be indee 
if all were paid into the receipt that falls to be due t 
His Majesty), yet, considering the great waste of the province 
where composition is yielded to His Majesty, especially Cor 
naught, where very near 3,000L per ann. is lost for want ( 
inhabitants, the quantity of land that should yield the sam 
lying waste and bearing "neither corn nor horn," as they hei 
term it, and likewise the exceeding scarcity of money bot 
there and in other parts of the kingdom ; it will fall out thj 
at the most there will not be paid into His Majesty's receipl 
yearly above 14<,000Z. or 15,OO0Z. English ; so that; 9,000?. c 
thereabouts being abated for payments allowable out of tl 



IRELAND—JAMES T. 37 



1606. 



receipts only, there will remain towards the payment of the 
army and others the extraordinary aforesaid, not above 6,000?, 
English, and so to be made good at Michaelmas last towards 
the charge aforesaid but 3,000?. English, making Irish 4,000?., 
which is but little more than will pay the army to the end 
of October last. 

Reminds their Lordships, moreover, that it is long after 
Michaelmas before the revenues come in for the satisfying such 
as are payable out of them, and for satisfying the former re- 
mains due to the army ; yet if order be taken in convenient 
time for the growing charges to be sent out of England in 
money, he will wiUingly undertake the payment of the army to 
the last of October with the remains of the revenue aforesaid. 
Their Lordships often write in general to the Lord Deputy 
and Council for the reducing His Majesty's charge within the 
limits of the establishment ; but since his (Ridgway's) coming 
hither (as appears by a particular declaration, which he 
now sends to the Lord Treasurer), he finds that there is lately 
augmented by granting of pensions and other entertainments, 
the sum of 1,012?. in 23 days. Deems it his duty in his 
place to take some particular notice of this, the burthen of 
the account lying upon him. For if there be not a more 
sparing hand used hereafter in sending letters or warrants for 
this kind of new grants, there must be allowance made for 
them as well as for His Majesty's establishment ; otherwise he 
will be constrained to pay such as are allowed by the esta- 
blishment (if only for them the money coming from England 
be assigned), and to neglect all others that so shall be allowed 
pensions or entertainments by His Majesty. And how incon- 
venient this may be he leaves to their Lordships' grave 
consideration. Having now particularly set down all the 
present charges and discharges in the declaration herewith 
sent unto the Lord Treasurer, to this he refers these former 
generalities, praying order for the further supply of ^the army 
and servitors, whose entertainments being duly paid, will 
but make them able to live in this miserable country as they 
found it. 

Further, upon the proclamation here published since his 
arrival, by virtue of several letters from His Majesty, for 
abolishing the name of sterling, there is demanded at his 
hands by the judges and other patentees a payment of their 
half-year's fees, grown due at Michaelmas last, in harp shil- 
lings instead of their last receipts in Irish money, which was 
only 6^c?. qr. to the shilling. 

jSTow as the same fees fall due and were pa3'"able on the 
29th of September last, though unpaid at that time, and till 
his coming, and as the proclamation bears date the llth of 
this present November, which ought not at all to look back- 
ward, but only forward, he deemed it the duty of his place 
to deny pa3'^ment of that kind for Michaelmas last until he 
should receive some resolution thereof from their Lordships. 



38 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1606. 

His reasons were these : First, that they could not claim ; 
precedent profit by a subsequent law or proclamation, whicl 
though it may interpret former meaning, yet it provides onh 
for the manner of the future payments, and is not, like Janus' 
face, to look forward and backward. Secondly, that, b^ 
deferring the payment of this their new demand, and keepin] 
back only the same fourth part for the last half year past 
before the proclamation, the King should have to himsel 
the sum of 1,500?. ; wherein there would be no danger to hin 
(Ridgway), as there may be in so new and doubtful a matte: 
in the over-pay. Lastly, the King's general directions agains 
increase of charge. The reasons alleged on the other sid< 
were, that the words of their patents and the first intentioi 
in granting the same fees, was for the receipt of a harp shil 
ling by the name of a shilling Irish. After which sort the;; 
received it accordingly until the coming of the harp money 
and ever since thought themselves wronged in being debarrec 
of the fourth part of their wages granted by letters patent 
And, considering the smallness of their said wages and fees 
and their poverty and weak estates almost in general, th( 
same would rather be increased than diminished. Likewise 
as he has given general order to his substitutes and undei 
collectors for present receipt of all His Majesty's rents, compo- 
sitions, and revenues in that kind due at Michaelmas last, bj 
the same reason he ought to pay all the same fees due at the 
same Michaelmas in the like sort, otherwise it might seem a 
kind of buying with one weight or measure, and selling bj 
another. And lastly, supposing the non-payment for Michael- 
mas last of their said fees in this sort demanded, yet His 
Majesty would gain upon the whole of the proclamation 
computatis computandis, for this very last Michaelmas hall 
year above ],000L Irish; and so rateably for the time tc 
come, though His Majesty pay the patentees, as he now is tc 
receive his rents and composition with other revenues. Th( 
consideration of which last reason and assurance of the gaii 
to His Majesty, induced him (Hidgway) to join the rest ii 
subscribing the proclamation as it is now passed, with th( 
proviso not to paj'" the patentees their new demand for th< 
half year passed before the said proclamation. 

From the Treasury near Dublin, this last of Novembei 
1606. 

Pp. 3. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd. : " Sir Thomas 
Ridgway to the Lords of the Privy Council." Encloses, 

s. P., Ireland, 57. A brief account, declaring what is due to the Army ano 
vol. 219, 143 1. ^^j^^^^g ly jj^g Majesty between the 1st of July 1606 (or 

which day I entered into the offi.ce of His Majesty's Treasurer 
at War in Ireland) and the last day of October next after 
the day of my Arrival at Dublin. Also what was deliver ec 
unto me to satisfy the same, and how much His Majesty 
■is then indebted after the Payment thereof 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 39 



1606. 



By Establishment 

The establishment at 1171. 16s. Sd. per diem 
for 123 days, beginning primo Julii 1606 
and ending ultimo Octobris next follow- 
ing, amounteth to the sum of - - 14,890 18 9 

Imprests upon accounts and extraordinaries 
by Goncordatum. 

Works and buildings within the time 300?. 

Gorcordatums granted to three cap- 
tains of Glandonells for surren- 
dering of their pensions - - 400?. 

Garriages in the last northern jour- 
ney in harvest 1606 - - 200?. 

Gifts and rewards - - - 308?. 

Goncordatum for hire of messengers 496?. 

Goncordatum granted to councillors 
and judges in that time for their 
travelling charges in journeys and 
circuits - - - 808?. 12s. Sd. 

Imprests for works in the Office of the 

Ordnance _ _ _ 200?. 

Officers extraordinary entertainment 
in the last northern journey - 114?. 

Goncordatum for remittal of cheques - 40?. 

Necessary emotions for the Gouncil 

Ghamber - - - - 20?. 

Thephysician to the State at 53?. 6s. 8c?. 

per annum, for the said time - 17?. 

In all, payable in the time aforesaid - 2,922 12 8 

Entertairwfients over and besides the Esta- 
blishment granted by letters from His 

Majesty and the Lords, viz. : — 

The Right Honourable the Lord 
Deputy for the pay of 50 foot- 
men and their officers for 92 
days, end ultimo September 
1606, and then discharged - 229 4 8 

Pensions allowed, viz. : — 
Robert Savadge, per diem 
Captain Henry Moile 
Sir Oliver Lambert 
Sir Richard Morison 
Sir Ellis Jones - 
Sir Thomas Coache 
In all, per diem 32s., and so for 

123 days - - - 196 16 

Three provost-marshals at 15s., 
inter se, per diem - - 92 5 



s. 


d. 


2 


8 


5 


4 


4 





10 





4 





6 






40 



IRELAND — JAMES I. 



1606. 



Nov. 30. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol, 219,143. 



Nov. 30. 
S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 219, 144. 



Officers of the Ordnance, viz. : — 
Master gunner - - _ 

His mate - - - 

Clei'k of the munition at BaXli- 

shanon and Derry 
Two a,rtificers of the ordnance at 

Cork - - - 

Who have due to them by concor 
datum to the last of September 
1606, the sum of - 
Txm other artificers at Cork dis- 
charged, luho have due to them by 
the like concordatum 
Certain Irish at SOOl. per annum 
for 123 days ^ - . 

Ttuo inginofs {engineers), one at 
Athlone payable half-yearly, and 
the other attending the State, at 
6s. Sd. per diem - - - 

In all,- payable in the said 123 days 



5s. Od. 
3s. 4d 

- 3s. Od. 
t 

- 3s. Od. 



26U. 



m. 



1001. 



901. 



■ 1,012 5 
18,425 17 



The receipt of Treasure. 

Received from the Toiuer the lUh October 1606, 16,545^. 
Irish, out of which deducting 330^. 18s. for portage at 201 
for every 1,000Z., there will remain towa7xls payment of th 
charge aforesaid 16,214Z. 2s. 

And so there will be owing to the army and others foi 
"their full pay to the last of October 1606, 2,211?. 15s. Id. 

Examined 26 Novonber 1606. p. Tho. Ridgeway. 

P. 1. Signed. Endd. 

58. Sir Thomas Ridgway to the Earl of Salisbury. 
Submits a proposition for the increase of His Majesty' 

revenues ; the establishment of a better arrangement for ouj3 
toms ; of a merchandize with Spain ; improvement of court 
of justice ; recusant and ecclesiastical matters. — From thi 
Treasury near Dublin, 30 November 1606. 

Pp. 3. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd. ; " Sir Tho. Ridg 
way to the E. of Salisbury." 

59. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. 
Examines in detail the terms of a proposition made for i 

new contract from England for the clothing of the garrisoni 
in Ireland, and earnestly deprecates the adoption of the pro 
posal. — Dublin Castle, 30 November 1606. 

Signed: Arthur Chichester, Tho. Dublin, Cane, Rogerui 
Midensis, R. Wingfelde, Th. Ridgeway, Anth. Sentleger, 01 
St. John, Ja. FuUerton, Jeff, Fenton. 

Pp. 2. A dd. Endd. : " Lord Deputy and Council to tb 
Lords of the Privy Council.'' 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 41 



vol. 219, 145. 



1606. 

Dec. 1. 60. Lord Deputy and Council OF Ireland to the Lords. 

v^'ai'p^ mI;' Send herewith, in accordance with their Lordships' letters 

of the 8rd of July last, an account of the reasons and au- 
thorities on which they grounded their proceedings here, by 
mandates against the recusants of this city, their answer to 
the first of the three exceptions taken against them there by 
Sir P. Barnewall, and the apology and defence of the Lord 
Chief Justice and the rest of the judges of that bench to the 
other two ; the one being a complaint for denying private 
men to see their indictments, and the other touching the 
raising of some new and excessive fees in that court. The 
people do verily believe that their proceedings here in this 
kind are much distasted in England, and for this reason, 
they (the Lords) will be very glad to understand their Lord- 
ships' libera] opinions of the same. Sir Patrick Barnewall, 
no doubt, does much hurt to this State by staying in London, 
as he doth ; for it is commonly believed here that he is not 
■ there in any sort restrained for his misdemeanors, but re- 
mains voluntarily as being the recusants' agent and the 
solicitor for this great cause, upon the success whereof the 
eyes of all this kingdom are attendant; and according as 
the same shall turn out. His Majesty and their Lordships 
may be assured of the future carriage of this nation generally 
in matters of this important quality. Are very credibly in- 
formed that he is encouraged from this country, and his charges 
defrayed by a general contribution, by means of Romish 
ministers, that levy the same here by way of charity and de- 
votion towards this common cause. And assuredly, if their 
Lordships will not either deal strictly with him there, or else 
remand him hither, to be censured by the State, which he 
hath and still doth scandalize, it will be so great a diminu- 
tion of their reputation and authority with this overweening 
people, that of themselves they will hardly be able ever to 
repair the same. It is worthy, therefore, their Lordships' 
grave considerations and wisdom to resolve upon the one or 
the other with expedition ; but their opinions are that the 
last will be more efiectual and satisfactory, both to pre- 
serve the credit of this State and to work some good upon 
this people, who for the most part are not so affected to mat- 
ters of religion but that due punishment and coertion (sic) 
of law may in some sort reclaim them to their duties ; as has 
been found by late experience in the towns of Munster, to 
whose complaints against the proceedings of the Lord Presi- 
dent, they (the Council) having given a deaf ear and referred 
them back again to him, they now begin to conform them- 
selves for fear of further punishment, and daily repair to the 
churches in great multitudes. Pray their Lordships to con- 
sider this cause, and to tender their credits therein. — Dublin, 
1 December ICOG. 

Signed : Arthur Chichester, Tho. Dublin, Cane, Rogerus 
Midensis, Th. Ridgeway, R. Wingfelde, James Ley, Anth. 



42 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



1606. 



S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 219, 145 1. 



July 13. 

S.P., Ireland, 
Tol. 219, 145 n. 



Dec. 1. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 219, 146. 



Dec. 1. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 219, 147. 



Sentleger, 01. St. John, 01. Lambert, Ri. Moryson, Ja. Fuller- 
tone, Jeff. Fenton. 

P'p. 2. Sealed. Add. Endd. : " Lord Deputy and Council 
of Ireland to the Lords of the Privy Council." Enclose, 

61. A defence of the Proceedings in the Castle Chamber oj 

Ireland upon the mandates.'^ 

[This defence is almost identical with the paper already 
printed from a copy in the Alexander MSS., Trinity College 
Dublin, but without any signatures. It would seem as ij 
the paper had either been originally draivn up for the 
Council, or ivas adopted by them as their own, and sem 
forward to the Lords of the Privy Council in England, in 
justification of their 'proceedings.'] 

Signed : Arthur Cfhichester, Tho. Dublin, Cane, James Ley, 
R. Wingfelde, Anth. Sentleger, Jeff. Fenton, 01. Lambert. 

Pp. 10. 

62. Defence of Fees levied in the Court of King^s Bench. 
The assertions of the Justices of the King^s Bench in Ire- 
land, relative to the fees and perquisites of their offices. 

Signed : James Ley, John Everard, Geff. Hableston. 
Pp. 3. Evdd. 

63. Lord Deputy Chichester to Earl of Salisbury. 
Was requested by letters from the Lords, of 9th July last,tc 

give a speedy course in Chancery for the redress and relief o: 
Sir Thomas Bourke, in a cause depending betwixt Sir Garreti 
Moore and him. Has caused Sir Garrett to attend here al 
this term, but no motion has been made in behalf of Sh 
Thomas Bourke, and thus the cause has not proceeded, as was 
required. Desires to be excused if his Lordship hears anj 
more thereof 

Conceiving from one clause in those letters that Sir Garret' 
Moore is not understood there to be one of His Majesty' 
Privy Council, thinks it well to note this to his Lordship, ant 
withal to recommend his worth and service, which in truth i 
inferior to few men in this land, as also his devotedness to hi 
Lordship, and anxious desire to render him all dutiful service 
Fears that Salisbury may have been misinformed regardinj 
him, and prays (if it be so) that he may be permitted to mak 
his excuse ; in which he (Chichester) presumes to be his solicitoi 
since he is fully deserving. Thinks the Lord of Clanricard 
will testify the same, notwithstanding this cause betwixt hi 
brother and him. — Castle of Dublin, 1 December 1606. 

P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd. 

64. Lord Deputy Chichester to the Earl of Salisbury 

The term being ended, they have concluded their dispatch i: 
defence of their proceedings in the Castle Chamber, by way c 

1 See xupra, vol. i. 348, 353. 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 43 



]606. 



mandates under the great seal, whicli Sir Patrick Barnewall 
has given out to be unusual and contrary to law. All are of 
opinion that it would greatly grace their actions and endea- 
vours if their Lordships would be pleased to transmit him 
(Barnewall) hither to be punished and publicly censured for 
his manifold misdemeanors. 

As concerning the petition and his undecent maintaining it 
at the Council board, their Lordships have reproved and cor- 
rected him ; but for scandalizing the State in general, and for 
laying unjust imputations upon them by letters whilst he was 
prisoner here, and for using mediation and means for collec- 
tions of money in most parts of the kingdom towards the 
charge of his journey and travel (which he would have to 
be understood for the public cause), he may be proceeded 
against here if it seem meet to their Lordships ; and his 
censure and punishment shall be no other than it shall 
please them to prescribe ; which course, in his (Chichester's) 
opinion, will be a better example to the nation in general, 
and better grace to them and their actions, than the retaining 
of him there, where he is understood by most men to be 
an agent for toleration ; and these vain people are so 
carried by opinion and reports, that they stick not to give 
out that he shall return with grace and be made a councillor 
of this State ; such is their aptness to believe anything 
tending to what they wish, how unlikely or improbable 
soever. 

The President of Munster has written that at Youghal 600 
persons resort to the church and give God thanks that they 
are brought to understand Him and His word ; and that they 
begin generally to conform themselves within that province. 
The principal cause, as he (Chichester) has noted, and as the 
President has often acknowledged, is the deaf ear given to 
such as come hither to complain against his proceedings in 
this kind, and the punishment they inflict upon such as con- 
temn his command and authority. This course he (Chichester) 
has held as the first and readiest to bring them to conformity 
and obedience, for those of the provinces seldom apply them- 
selves for redress and remedy farther than to this State ; but 
their nearest neighbours do not so respectively regard their 
actions and authority until they have approbation from 
thence, and always imagine to find commiseration or favour 
by complaining there. 

In these matters of bringing men to the church he (Chichester) 
has dealt as tenderly as he might, knowing well that men's 
consciences must be won and persuaded by time, conference, 
and instructions, which the aged here will hardly admit, and 
therefore their hopes must be in the education of the youth ; 
and yet they must labour daily, otherwise all will concur to 
barbarous ignorance and contempt. Is not violent therein, 
albeit he wishes reformation, and will study and endeavour it 
all he may ; which he thinks sorts better with His Majesty's 



M IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1606. 

ends than to deal with violence, and like a puritan in th 
kind. — Castle of Dublin, 1 December 1606. 
Pp. 3. Signed. Add. Endd. 



vol. 61, p. 186. 



Dec. 1. 65. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Attorney and Solicitoi 

Carte Papers, GENERAL. 

Warrant for fiant of a surrender by Martin Turner of th 
office of clerk of the fines andjamerciaments of the province c 
Munster, in order to a grant of the same to Hercules Turvill 
Gent.— Dublin, 1 December 1606. 

P. L Orig. 



Tol. 61, p. 197. 



Dec. 1. 66. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Attorney and Solicitoi 

Carte Papers, GENERAL. 

Warrant for fiant granting office of transcriptor of the Ex 
chequer to Sidrach Davenport, during good behaviour.- 
Dublin, 1 December 1606. 

P. 1. Orig. 



Dec. 2. 67. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Attorney or Solicitor 

Carte Papers, GENERAL. 

' ■" ' Warrant for fiant granting to Sir Laurence Esmond 

the charge of Duncannon fort during his life, as largely a 
Sir Josias Bodley now has the same. And as Sir Jas. Ful 
lerton certifies that Sir John Dowdale, in the time of hi; 
charge of the said fort, had an entertainment of 3s. 4(i. pej 
day, with a lieutenant at IScZ. per day, a cannoneer at Is. pe: 
day, and 30 soldiers at Sd. a day apiece, he (Sir Laurence 
is to have the like entertainment ; to begin from the 14ti 
day of June last, the date of His Majesty's letter to us foi 
passing him the grant.— Dublin, 2 December 1 606. 
P. ]. Orig. 

Dec. 4. 68. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Attorney and Solicitor 

Carte Papers, GENERAL, 

^^ ' ''^' ~ ' Warrant for fiant of the office of chief engrosser and clerl 

of the pipe of His Majesty's Exchequer, to Eoger Downton 
during good behaviour, as fully as Nicholas Kenney, Raaffl 
Cockrell, Francis Barney, John Goodall, Michael Kettlewel] 
Francis Capstock, Jeffery Johnston, Walter Harrold, Gent, 
or the said Roger Downton held the same. — Dublin Castk 
4 December 1606. 
P. 1. Orig. 

Dec. 5. 69. Sir John Davys to [Salisbury]. 
S.P., Ireland, Details the proceedings of the term, and explains wh;; 

^'° -^ > • so little was done in it against recusants. Reports thai 

Mr. Justice Everard, of the King's Bench, would be removec 
for recusancy ; and recounts the full particulars of the delaj 
of the trial of Purcell. — Dublin, 5 December 1606. 
Pp. 4, Signed. 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



45 



1606. 
Dec. 8. 

Carte Papers, 
vol. 61, p. 209. 



Dec. 16. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 219, 149. 



Dec. 17. 

Philad. P., 
vol. ],p. 177, 



Dee. 18. 

Carte Papers, 
vol. 1, p. 227. 



70. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Attorney and Solicitor- 

General. 

Warrant for fiant of incorporation of the town of Athlone ; 
reciting that the town of Athlone, in the county of West- 
meath, which lies upon a navigable river within the midst of 
this kingdom and may therefore be fitly called the navel 
or centre thereof, is the ordinary place of residence of the 
Lord President of Connaught, and of very good importance 
in regard of the passage and thoroughfare out of the English 
Pale into the said province, as well as in respect of the site 
thereof, and the safety it may bring to His Highness's loving 
subjects ; adding also the good service of the inhabitants done 
unto His Majesty in the late rebellion ; and at the suit of 
the principal inhabitants, and with the assent of the Earl 
of Clanricard, Lord President of Connaught, and by virtue of 
His Majesty's commission of 19 July, in tlie third year of 
Ins reign : 

The corporation to be called the sovereign, bailiffs, and 
burgesses of Athlone ; the liberties to extend from the middle 
of the bridge one mile and a half every way round about 
unto the counties of Westmeath and Roscommon ; with 
various privileges, and amongst others, of wearing the same 
robes as the sovereign, bailiffs, ' and burgesses of Wexford, and 
generally to have like liberties. — Dublin, 8 December 1606. 

P. i Oricj. 

71. Sir Francis Shaen to Salisbury. 

Recites the grounds of the controversy between Lord Delvin 
and the O'Ferralls, as to certain lands in Longford, wrong- 
fully passed to Delvin. Solicits the reversal of the attainder 
agjainst the O'Ferralls. — 16 December ]606. 

Pp. 2. Signed. Add. EtuM. 

72. Tlie King to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

Warrant for a lease of 21 years, in reversion, of the impost, 
custom, and subsidies of wines in Ireland, to be passed to Sir 
James Hay, Lord Hay, one of tlie gentlemen of the King's 
bedchamber ; to commence at the expiration of a lease of same 
made to Sir Henry Brunckhard [Brunker], and on like rent, 
terms, and conditions as said Sir Henry Brunckhard then held 
the same. — Westminster, 17 December 1606. 

P. ^. Orig. Add. Inrol. Endd.hy Sir Arthur Chichester's 
clerk : " From the Kinge's Ma^ie^ to graunt to the Lord Hayes 
a lease of 21 yeres of the imposte, customes, and subsedie of 
wines in this kingdome." 

73. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Lord Chancellor. 
To issue a commission to the mayor of the city of Dublin, 

to Sir Thos. Ridge way, Treasurer at Wars, Sir Jas. Ley, Chief 
Justice of the Chief Bench, Sir Humphrey Wynch, Chief Baron 
of the Court of Exchequer, Sir Antony St. Leger, Master of the 



46 IRELAND — JAMES I. 

1606. 

Rolls, Sir Jeffrey Fenton, Principal Secretary, Sir Richar 
Cook, one other of the Principal Secretaries, Sir James Fullei 
ton, Muster-master-general, William Parsons, Esq., Surveyoj 
general, Nicholas Kenney, Esq., Escheator of Leinster, and Joh; 
Cottell, gent., or any two or more of them, to inquire withi: 
the county of Dublin and county of the city of DubUn of th 
possessions of the several late dissolved abbeys, &;c. of St. John' 
of Jerusalem, St, Mary's Abbey, Thomas Court, St. John' 
without Newgate, the Hoggs, All Saints, White Friars, Preach 
ing Friars, Black Friars, Franciscan Friars, Augustinian Friars 
and Friars Carmelite, or any of them, which have come or ough 
to have come to the hands of His Majesty by reason of th 
dissolution of the said houses, or by any means whatsoever 
the commission to be returnable into the Court of Excheque 
in the Octaves of Michaelmas in Michaelmas term next.— 
Dublin Castle, 18 December 1606. 
Pp. 11. Hoi Add. 

Dec. 23. 74. Loeds of the Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

vol. 3,^p! 149. Approve of their course in committing Richard Purcell t( 

safe custody in the Castle of Dublin, and causing the judges las 
term to set down a course for calling him to his trial. The^ 
(the Lords) answered thus speedily, not to cause any delay o 
his trial, iDut that they (the Deputy and Council) shoulc 
consider whether to have him tried in the King's Bench or b^ 
special commission. But if his trial could not be had befor( 
the next assizes for Tipperary, they (the Lords) were of opinior 
that His Majesty's chief judges, of English birth only, shoulc 
be joined in commission, and that he should be proceeded witl 
immediately after the next term. — Whitehall, 23 Decembei 
1606. 

Add a postscript to disabuse the Deputy and Council o 
their mistake in supposing that the King had in any manne: 
disapproved of their course. The former letter was onl] 
meant to caution them against disposing of the forfeitur( 
that would accrue on conviction, which the King intended fo: 
a well deserving servant. 

Signed : R. Cant,, T. Ellesmere, Cane, T. Dorset, Noting 
ham, Lenox, Gilb. Shrewsbury, J. E. Worcester, H. North 
ampton, Salisbury, W. Knollys, J. Fortescue, T. Bruce. 

P. 1. Orig. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester 
" From the LLs. of the Counsell, concerning Ri. Purcell 
Reed, the 7th of Februarie." 

Dec. 23. 75. Lords of the Council to the Lord President o 

Philad. P, MUNSTER. 

Apologise for their delay in answering his letter deliverec 
to them by Sir Par Lane. Had since received his letter o 
18th November, giving an account of his success in the mo 
derate course of severity he had taken with the recusants ii 
the cities and towns, by whose examples the country parti 
were goverhed. They were glad he had prevailed so well h 



vol. 3, p. 153. 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



47 



1606. 



Dec. 24. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 219, 150. 



Dec. 24. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 219, 151. 



Dec. 26. 

Carte Papers, 
vol. 62, p. 317. 



the city of Cork and in divers other towns ; and they had 
returned thanks to the Bishop of Cork for the assistance he had 
rendered him. Upon his (the President's) report of the wilful 
obstinacy of the city of Waterford, they had written to the 
magistrates that they might find, besides their ofience towards 
God himself, what hazard they ran of their estates and for- 
tune by His Majesty's displeasure, if they continued to pro- 
voke him in this manner by their contumacy. — Whitehall, 23 
December 1606. 

Signed : R. Cant., T. Ellesmere, Cane, T. Dorset, Notingham, 
Gilb. Shrewsbury, E. Worcester, H, Northampton, Salisbury, 
W. Knollj'-s, T. Bruce, J. Fortescue. 

P. 1. Copy. Not add. Endd. : " The copie of the LLs. of 
the Councel letter written to the L. President of Mounster." 

76. Thomas Eael of Ormond and Ossory to the Lords 

of the Privy Council. 

Desires that the trial of Purcell for the murder of the 
sheriff of Tipperary, Adam Tobyn, may be proceeded with at 
the next assizes of Tipperary. — Carrick, 24 December 1606. 

Pp. 2. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd. 

77. Earl of Ormond and Ossory to the Earl of Salisbury. 

Gives an account of the murder of Adam Tobyn, late sheriff 
of the county of Tipperary, in the execution of a legal process, 
committed by Richard Purcell of Loghmoe, which murder was 
presented as well by grand jury at the last assizes holden in 
in the said county before the Lord President of Munster, the 
Lord Walshe, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, as also by an 
inquest before the coroner. Complains of the dilatory course 
of trial. Urges that a pardon be not granted to Purcell, on 
the ground of his having committed various other murders 
and offences, the particulars of which are specified. — Carrick, 
24 December 1606. 

Pp. 2. Signed. Add. Endd. 

78. Sir Francis Bacon to Sir J. Davys, Attorney-General. 
Good Sir John Davies, 

Your mistaking shall not be imputed unto you (for the 
difference is not much). Your gratulations for my marriage 
I take kindly ; and as I was always delighted with the fruits 
of your inventioD, so I would be glad of your imitation, so 
as you plant not yourself too far off, for I had rather you 
should be a labourer than a plant in that State. You give 
me no occasion to write longer, in that you imparted not by 
your letter any occurrences of yours. 

And so with my very loving commendations, 

I remain 

Your assured friend, 
From Graie's Inn, Fe. Bacon. 

this 26 December 1606. 
P. 1. Add. Endd. 



48 



IRELAND--JAMES I. 



1606. 
Dec. 26. 

Philad. P., 
vol. 1, p. 179, 



Dec. 27. 

PhUad. P., 
vol. 1, 1). 181. 



Dec. 29. 

Philad. P., 
vol, 3, p. 155. 



Dec. 29. 

Philad. P., 
vol. 3, p. 157. 



79. The King to Sm Arthur Chichester. 

Warrant for a pension to Captain Edward Trevor of 4s, b 
the day, English currency, or after the same rate in Iris 
money, for his life, in consideration of his long and diliger 
service done to the King and to the deceased Queen i 
the time of the late rebellion. — Westminster, 26 Decembe 
1606. 

P. 1. Orig. Add. Inrol. Endd. by Sir Arthur CM 
Chester's secretary : " From the King's Ma*^® in the behalfe c 
Captaine Edward Trevor, for a pension of 4s. sterl. Englis 
money. Receaved the 5th of May 1607." 

80. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester, 

Giving him authority, on account of his (the King's) grea 
trust in his integrity and experience, to suspend the executio 
of any orders or wan-ants in matters of justice or revenue, c 
in cases concerning private persons, which he may concei-v 
prejudicial to the King's interest until he hear the King 
further pleasure ; this he writes chiefly for his encouragemen 
and partly upon occasion of his last letter to the Earl ( 
Scxlisbury about John Bourck, for some part of whose land 
the King had directed a letter to him at the suit of one Joh 
Heyborne, one of the King's gentlemen ushers ; but can b 
content to hear from him again before it be executed. — West 
minster, 27 December 1606. 

P. 1. Orig. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester 
" From the Kinges M^^e authorisinge me to staye the passing 
of gTaunts for a tyme, &c." 

81. Lords of the Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. 
Directing that all such cheques as had been imposed upc 

Lord Cromwell and his six servants in attendance upon hii 
during his absence in England, whence he was then returnin 
be remitted during his stay there until the 31st Januai 
next, and the su^ms paid over to him and remitted. — Whiteha' 
29 December 1606. 

Signed: T. Ellesmere, Cane, J. T. Dorset, Notinghai 
Gilb. Shrewsbury, J. E. Worcester, H. Northampton, Sali 
bury, E. Zouche. 

P. i. Orig. Add. Endd. : " From the LL.s of the Counce 
in the behalfe of the L. Cromwell requiring the remittal 
cheques during his late being in England." 

82. Lords of the Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. 
They had heard Lord Cromwell's demands, notwithstandii 

he brought no recommendation from him (the Lord Deput 
and Council, as they believed it was more through oversig 
than design. The communicate the King's resolve as to son 
and remit the rest to the Deputy and Council. As to 1 
Lordship's desires, that his government be settled with soi 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 49 



vol. 3, p. 159. 



1C06. 

allowance, and that the companies might be either increased 
or continued without cheque, his demands are refused. But 
for his demand that an officer be appointed to his Lordship's 
company with some entertainment, as it lay far from him and 
would be no great increase of charge, His Majesty had granted 
that he be allowed an officer at 2s. by the day, to begin from 
the time his Lordship first had the company. But they 
refer it to the judgment of the Lord Deputy and Council 
whether the company shall be continually resident at Down 
according to his Lordship's demand. 

Of some other demands of his Lordship it had pleased His 
Majesty to write to them ; namely, for making him of the 
Council in Ireland, and for supporting him in his right in the 
lands he purchased from the late Lord Lieutenant, the Earl of 
Devonshire, as he alleged he had found difficulty and opposition 
since the EarFs death.— Whitehall, 29 December 1606. 

Signed: E. Cant, T, EUesmere, Cane, J. T. Dorset, Not- 
ingham, Gilb. Shrewsbury, J. E. Worcester, H. Northampton, 
Salisbury, E. Zouche. 

Pjp. 1^. Orig. Add. Endd. : " From the LL.'s of the 
Counsell in England in the Lord Cromwell's behalf." 

Dec. 31. 83. Lords of the Council to the Lord Deputy and 
Phiiad. P., Council. 

Have received their despatches of 24 November and 1 De- 
cember. Are glad to hear of the safe arrival of Mr. Treasurer. 
Have observed with surprise since his departure that 3,000^. 
had at that time been issued under the title concordatums. 
Have perused the proclamation for reducing the coin of 
silver harps to the true value, and find it orderly and well 
conceived. Have also procured warrant from His Majesty 
for making English coin current in that kingdom, seeing it 
is hard for them (as things stand) to avoid sending over 
English coin for general use in Ireland. The complaints made 
by patentees against Mr. Treasurer for not paying them their 
arrears according to the rate of the proclamation are unjust. 
Concerning Sir Patrick Barnewall, the greatest judges of 
England being made acquainted with the reasons and autho- 
rity lately sent over by the Chief Justice and the rest, justi- 
fying their sending of privy seals for reducing men to out- 
ward conformity, have delivered their opinions that the same 
is no way contrary to law nor to precedents and authority ; 
and the Chief Justice is to be assured that he has not 
suffered by the ill-humoured suggestions of delinquents. 

With regard to the rumours spread of the purpose of Sir 
Patrick's stay in England and the purpose of his enlargement, 
they proceed to state what course has been taken with him 
from the beginning, and under what terms he is now to be 
' returned. After a long and strict imprisonment in the Tower, 
he has been, partly by reason of his sickness, and partly by 

2. D 



50 IRELAND — JAMES I. 

1606. 

occasion of his submission, first enlarged to his own lodging 
where he remained many weeks before he got liberty to st 
abroad, with orders never to appear at Coui't. 

Wliat he has written into Ireland, or what collections ha-s 
been made for him there, and to what ends, they (the Loi 
Deputy and Council) may try upon his return. The suit 1 
himself made for liberty to return may stand for some prO' 
that he was not employed in England as agent. Besidi 
they have not only taken his ample submission and acknov 
lodgment in writing of his offences in Ireland, but have r 
turned him upon bond to appear before the Lord Deputy ar 
Council within four days after his return, in order that 1 
may confirm his submission there before the full Council { 
he did in England. 

They will only add that they deem him more fit for the] 
to look to than others, because of his haughty spirit and cred 
• with others. If the Lord Deputy and Council should fiu 

him sensible of his errors, they may make better use of hii 
than many others in respect of those good parts that are i 
him. — Whitehall, the last day of December 1606. 

Signed : R. Cant., T. EUesmere, J. T, Dorset, Notinghan 
Sufi'olke, J. E. Worcester, H. Northampton, Salisbury, J. Mar 
E. Zouche, W. Knollys, E. Wotton, J, Brues. 

Pp. 3. Orig. Not add. Endd. : " Concerning concordatum 
and ye certificates of y® same to be duly sent over. The coyn( 
Promise of treasure to be sent over. Sir Pat^^ BarnewaU." 

Phiiad. P., 84. Petition of the Greames. 
vol. 3, p. 134. ^^ ^^^ ^^^^^ g^^ ^^^ ^^^^ Deputy and Council. Th 

humble petition of the Greames, lately arrived in thi 
realm. 

Their coming over in such fashion as they came tended \ 
the utter undoing of themselves, their wives, children, an 
families, not being permitted any benefit either of lands ( 
goods to yield them any relief. 

Pray that the Lord Deputy and Council may mediate wit 
His Majesty, that they may re-enjoy the lands they former] 
held of His Majesty, paying him 500?., as the same was c 
survey where they yielded no rent before, and they wou] 
give security for their good behaviour. 

Or else that they might have of the King lands of 300?. 
year in fee simple in Ireland ; and they would on this coi 
dition relinquish their lands in England, and be content 
settle in Ireland. 

They seek liberty for four of th^ir number (to be ma( 
choice of by themselves) to go from time to time into Englai 
to petition His Majesty in that behalf, and to solicit certa 
noblemen and gentlemen of whom they held lands, and 
gather in debts due to them. 

P. 1. Copy. Endd. : " Copie of the Greames' petition." 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



61 



1606. 

Lansdowne MSS., 85. ChARGE of the ArMY in IrLEAND. 

vol. 156, 66. 

B.M. The charge of the army in Ireland for 13 years, begun 

primo Octobris 1595, and ending at Michaelmas 1609. 
Pix 2. Endd. 

Lansdowne MSS., 86. EarL OF NOTTINGHAM'S PROPOSAL for the CuSTOMS' 

B M.' '• Farm. 

Suit of the Lord Admiral Nottingham to farm the customs 
of Ireland, 1606. 

P. 1, Signed hy the King. 

Lansdo^e MSS., 87. HUMPHREY CoVERT to LORD TREASURER DORSET. 

vol. 156, 49. /-N . . 

B.M. Containing an account of the state of Ireland, 1606. 

Pp. 4. Signed. 



Lansdowne MSS. 

vol. 156, 56. 

B.M. 



S. P., Ii-eland, 
vol. 219, 152. 



88. Strength of the Musters in Ireland. 

An abstract of the strength of the several companies of 
horse troops and foot bands with warders, according to the 
musters taken of them by the Comptroller of the Musters. 

Pp. 8. Endd. 

89. Warrant to indemnify the Treasurer for borrowed 

Monev. 

Warrant to the Treasurer and Chamberlain of the Exche- 
quer to make payment of all such sums of money to the 
Treasurer of Ireland as shall be certified under his hand that 
he borrowed for service of the State. 

P. 1. 



S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 219, 154. 



90. Earl of Tyrone's Petition to the King.^ 

The humble petition of Hugh Earl of Tirone to the King's 
Majesty. Complains of the vexatious proceedings in Ireland 
to dispossess him of his lands, and prays that a renewal of his 
patent may be granted, and that new patents may be made 
to him of all his lauds in Tirone. 
P. 1. 



S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 219, 155. 



S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 219, 156. 



91. Divisions of the County of Monaghan. 

Statement of the county of Monaghan, as divided into five 
baronies, with the number of acres in each barony. 
P. 1. Not dated, but 'probably in 1606. 

92. Licence for Thomas Hibbots and Wm. Longe. 
Propositions to the Lord Deputy for a licence to be granted 

to Thomas Hibbots and Wm, Longe, to transport yearly 

' See June 17, 1606, vol. i., p. 503 ; see also Dec. 6, 1685, and May 26, 1607. 

D 2 



52 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



1606. 



S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 219, 133, 



10,000 quarters of grain, 300 packs of wool, 200 packs 
flocks, 500 lasts of hides, 100 tons of tallow, sheepskins, ai 
beef; with objections and answers to the same. 
Pp. 7. [1606.] Endd. 

93. Estimate for Ireland. 

An estimate how far the 16,54.5?. Irish (now assigned f 
Ireland) will pay the army according to the establishment.- 
November 1606. 

P. 1. Endd. 



S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 219, 157. 



94. Eemembrances for the Earl of Salisbury touchh 
some particulars of the Province of Connaught. 

First, that a proportion of the money to be allowed f 
fortifications may be set down for the Castle of Athlon 
which wants much reparation and some additions for tl 
better securing of it. That also an allowance may be ma( 
for Burisule (Borrishoole), a place upon the seaside in tl 
west of Connaught, of much importance ; and somewh; 
must be done upon the Curlews, where Sir Coniers Cliffoi 
was killed, or thereabouts, to secure the dangerous passag 
These will be reasonably strengthened against any but foreig 
invasion, by the allowance of some 600?., and they cami< 
possibly be spared in so strong and stirring a province i 
Connaught. Could wish a greater proportion that migl 
make them the more firm and perfect, but considers tl 
importance of other places and ihQ resolved proportion no 
for those businesses. 

Divers other places are fit to be regarded, but it were 
work of great labour and charge to take them now in ban 
and therefore he sets them off until the King shall resolve 
be at greater charge for matters of that nature ; only in tl 
meantime he thinks that a place called BellalegG, upon tl 
Shanon, the best passage out of the North into Connaugl 
may well be granted in lease for 21 years unto Sir Fran( 
Shane, with the fishing, which is but small, and three ca 
irons of land, which is now in the King's gift, not containii 
above 100 acres, on condition of his undertaking to bui 
and maintain a castle there at his own charge. 

That the Deputy may be directed to continue at Burisu 
a ward of 15 men, there being already 10 besides tl 
constable. 

That the ward at Athlone may have such allowance as ai 
other wards in Ireland, for the place is of special importanc( 
and men, especially English, who must only be there, cann 
live upon 6d Irish per diem, which is the allowance hi 
hitherto. 

That as the President of Munster hath the disposing of tl 
fines, forfeitures, and amercements in that province upc 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



53 



1606. 



servitors there, tlie like may be allowed for the presidency 
of Connaght. 

That his Lordship may consider the best course to be taken 
in the discovery made by Captain Davy Burke of Sir Tibbot 
Burke, and others, and signify the same to the Deputy ; also 
his further pleasure touching Davy Burke himself, who has 
hitherto been kept here upon his (the writer's) own charge, 
being a notable stirring fellow. 

That his Lordship may likewise consider of a proportion 
of horse and foot to be raised in Connaught, in case of any 
sudden attempt or invasion, before troops could be sent from 
hence, and that the same may be directed to the Deputy. 

Pp. 3. Hoi. in the hand of the Earl of Clanricard. 
Endd. 



n.d. 

Lansdowne MSS. 

159, 87, 274. 

B.M. 



95. Account of the Earl of Devonshire's (Lord Lieu- 
tenant) Horses. 
A return furnished by Ralph Birchensha, Muster-Master, 
showing in what condition the troop was received from the 
late Earl of Essex, and ho^\'- it afterwards stood. 
Fp. 2. Endd. 



Lansdowne MSS. 
159, 79, 262. 



n.d. 

Carte Papers, 
vol. 61, p. 168. 



Lansdowne MSS. 

159, 262. 

B.M. 



96. Instructions for .Sir Thos. Ridgeway (Treasurer at 

Wars). 

Remembrances for the King's Majesty's service against the 
time of the dispatch of Sir Thomas Ridgeway, Knight, who is 
appointed to be Treasurer at Wars in the realm of Ireland. 

Pp. 1^. Copy. Endd. 

97. Return of the First Clerk of the Crown and Hana- 

PER. 

Return of the yearly fee and allowances of the Clerk of 
the Crown and Clerk of the Hanaper in Chancery, by James 
Reynolds, Deputy Auditor. 

P. 1. Not dated or signed. 

98. Remembrances for Sir Thos. Ridgeway, Treasurer at 

Wars. 

Duplicate of No. 96. 



pp.n 



Not sealed or add. 



Phiiad.p., 99, To the Right Honourable the Commissioners for the 
^^^' ^' P- ■^' service of Ireland. 

The humble petition of Sir John Sidney, Knt. 

About three years since purchased certain lands in the 
North of Ireland, named Dungiven Abbey and Mecoskan 
Abbey, with a termon called Achadoe in the county of 
Coleraine, and otlier lands depending upon them in other 
counties in the North of Ireland. They were found the 



64 IRELAND — JAMES I. 

1606. 

King's, and were passed in a book to Sir George Carew, the 
President of Munster, by the King. The President employe 
John Bingly and John King, the one Vice-Treasurer of Ir€ 
land under Sir George Carey, the other the Receiver of th 
King's revenue, to let or sell the lands. Of them Sir Joh 
Sidney bought ; and was put in possession by order from th 
Deputy and State. It was at the time when the Earl o 
Tyrone was in England. On his return, finding some of hi 
lands (as he said) to be in the hands of the English, he wen 
to complain to the Lord Deputy that his Lordship had brokei 
his word and conditions that lie (Tyrone) came to the Kin; 
upon ; and told him that whereas he was promised that onl' 
certain garrisons should be held in his country, notwithstand 
ing he (Sir John) had taken the castle of Dungiven by fore 
from his people; therefore, he desired Sir George Carey, th 
Lord Deputy, to restore him the castle. The Lord Deputy be 
lieving the Earl, granted a warrant of great force directed to Si 
Ralph Bingley, deputy of Sir Henry Docwra for the govern 
ment of Loughfoyle. Sir John Sidney not being then in th 
country, his brother William, who looked to his lands, came t< 
Sir Ralph and told him that Sir John kept it not as a garriso] 
but as his own lands, and that he had in it but four men merelj 
to keep possession of the place. Nevertheless he was put ou 
by force of the warrant. His said brother then went to tht 
Lord Deputy, who no sooner understood it, than he com 
manded a counter injunction for Sir John's re-entering ; bu' 
the Earl of Tyrone utterly refused to obey, and said, " Si: 
" John should recover at the common law." About half j 
year after, met the Earl of Tyrone in Dublin, Sir Arthui 
Chichester being then Lord Deputy, and there exhibited s 
petition against the Earl to the Lord Deputy and Council 
who had the hearing of the matter the space of seven day 
together ; but the Earl being so violent on the other side, i 
was made a matter of State not to displease him at tha 
time ; yet his (Sidney's) importunity urged the Lord Deputy 
to put it to a commission unto the Lord Chief Justice, thi 
Lord Chief Baron, and the Master of the Rolls in Ireland, t( 
examine his title and certify what they thought of his righi 
which they did, and justified that he had as much right to i 
as might be had to any inheritance. Then the Ear], per 
ceiving how it went against him, told the Lord Deputy tha 
he would lose his head ere he (Sidney) should enjoy it quietly 
He (Sidney) answered, that if it should please the Lore 
Deputy to put him in the possession he formerly had, he die 
not respect the Earl's threats, so long as he continued a tru( 
subject to the King, and might have the benefit of Hi 
Majesty's laws. And whensoever he should please otherwise 
that then he could enjoy it in despite of the Earl. 

The Lord Deputy, hearing how it was like to grow betweei 
them, commanded Sidney to be silent, and he should hav( 
justice so far as in him lay. His Lordship gave him an in 



IRELAND — JAMES I. 55 



1606. 

junction to enter upon his lands, wMch he did, but could not 
get possession of his castle ; and when he was absent from 
his said lands about other businesses, the Earl sent bis kernes 
to drive the land of his tenants and goods ; about which 
time it pleased the Earl of Devonshire to cast bis company. 
Having no means to tarry in the country to follow his busi- 
ness, he was fain to leave all exposed to the Earl's own desii^e. 
Therefore his humble suit is that he may have his Lordship's 
favourable letter (in respect of his long service) to the Lord 
Deputy in Ireland ; that he may have his castle, lands, and 
tenants that belong to it ; or at least that the Earl of Tyrone 
may be enforced to buy it of him, at a value to be fixed 
by such commissioners as the Lord Deputy shall indifferently 
appoint. 

P.l. Orig. Add. Endd. : "That it be referred to the 
Commissioners of Irish Causes, J. H." — (J. Herbert.) 

[1606-7.] 

S.P., Ireland, IQO. Ceown Lands and TiTHES now iu lease from the King 
vol. 220, 1-194. ^^ Ireland. 

[This valuable return occupies the entire volume numbered 
220, and fills 194 pages. It affords so many direct and in- 
direct lights for the history of families and the alternations of 
property, that we have thought it necessary to give a short 
summary of the names of the tenants and tenements, with 
those of the former proprietors when they are recorded. 

The return bears no date ; but it must be referred to the 
interval between the death of Sir Edward Pelham in July 
1606, and that of Sir Henry Bruncker in 1607; and it 
is most conveniently assigned to the present place in the 
Calendar, in immediate succession to volume 219, which it 
follows in the order of the series of Irish State Papers in 
the Public Kecord Office.] 

Co. Dublin. 

Executors of Thomas Chambers, Steeple Scrubby Hill, and 
Commander's Acre : — Jo. Eustace, 3 acres at Kilmainham, part 
of the possessions of the hospital of St. John of Jerusalem ; — 
Jasper Horsey, corn tithes of Chapel Issold : — Geo. Alexander, 
corn tithes of Crevagh, Harrold's Country: — Kic. Aylmer, Was- 
pailston : — Louis Briskett, rectory of Palmerston near Grenock 
[Greenoge] : — Pat. Barnewall, corn tithes of Garreston : — 
Nich. Aylmer, Grallagh and Brownston : — Wm. Bath, Holli- 
woodrath : — Geo. Allexander, Welshman's Lands in Kilmain- 
ham; Daner; and Strifmore: — Alice Heavon, Kilmainham- 
land, near Barnegreagh, in the parish of Balrothery : — Sir J. 
Fullerton, Kniglit : — Wm. Bath, lands in Cromlin : — Sir Ric. 
Cooke, Knight, half tithes of Lucan : — Sir Nich. Whitt 
[White], Knight : — Ric. Fiuglace, a messuage in Ballibaughill, 



56 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

[1606-7.] 

part of the possessions of the monastery of the Blessed Virgii 
Mary, near Dublin ; Burnellsland, in Dromonagh, near Lough 
seny [Loughshinny], part of the possessions of John Burnell 
and the manor of Castleknock: — Wm. Bath, Corbally: — Th 
Earl of Ormond, Cloughan Swordis, part of the possessions o 
Jo. Burnell ; Chappell Isold, part of the late possessions of Jc 
Savadge ; Tobber, part of the possessions of James Eustace 
of Baltinglas ; and the half town of Abbotstowne : — Sir Heu 
Harrington, Knight, lands of the monastery of Baltinglas :— 
Kath. Vaughan, Rowlagh: — Jo. Talbott, Cromblin, part o 
the possessions of David Sutton: — Kath. Vaughan, 'New- 
castle : — Constance King, lands of the monastery of the Virgir 
Mary, near Dublin : — Sir Hen. FoUiott, Knight, Tassagard 
part of the possessions of Edward Birne, attainted: — Sii 
Antb. St. Leger, Knight, Ballinelower : — Executor of Th 
Chambers, the King's Yard: — Th. Earl of Ormond, Port 
mernock : — Jo. Talbott, Galveston : — Th. Earl of Ormond 
Tobbrogan, co. Kildare ; corn tithes of Grange ; Feilstoi 
alias Fieldston ; Great and Little Clonshaghes ; rectory o: 
Santriffe ; and other lands within and without the liberties 
of Dublin: — Wm. Bath, Ballibought :— Ths. Earl of Ormond 
tithes of Carrickbrena alias Monckton : — Ths. Chetham, tithe.' 
of Robuckswaller : — Ths. Earl of Ormond, tithes of Portmer- 
nock : — Pat. Fox, Cromblin, and Mastocke's Lands : — Th, 
Earl of Ormond, tithes of Newton, near the sea; tithes oi 
Colonyne ; and Ballydowde : — Wm. Kelly, corn tithes of Pal- 
merstown and Irishtown : — Pat. Barnewall, rectory of Girley 
— Ja. Ware, Ballidowde : — Sir Ant. St. Leger, Knight, corr 
tithes of Calliaghton : — Wm. Bath, Mastocke Land, in Crom- 
blin : — Ch. Huett, tithes of Gracedewe : — Bi. Chichestre, Lusk 
— Eic. Power, tithes of lambs and fish, Portravein : — Alisoi 
Whifct, lands and tithes of Waspailston : — Wm. Bath, lands 
in Cromblin, called Le Mitchin : — Sir Rob. Napper, Knight 
tithes of Lambay : — Hen. Pierce, Nonscott : — John Talbott 
lands of the College of Garreston. 

Co. Meath. 

Jo. Birford of Kilrowe, tanner's licence at Kilrowe, in baron] 
of Ratowt [Ratooth] : — Hen. Pierce and. Jo. Cusack, Rath neaj 
Grenock [Greenoge] ; Rathcrossan in barony Ratowt ; land 
lately belonging to the hospital of St. James, near Drogheda 
and lands in Dingan : — Edw. Moore, manor of Dewleeb 
[Duleek], part of the possessions of monastery of Lanthony ii 
England : — Sir Gerrald Moore, Knight, divers tenements 
spiritual and temporal, in the county Meath, West Lowth, anc 
Dublin :— Sir Th. Bourk, Knight, rectory of MoUingar :— Sii 
Gerrald Moore, Knight, Julianston :— Jo. Draycott, the fisher] 
of Marnanstown alias Mariverston [Morningtown], part o 
the possessions of tlie rectory of Clope [Colp] :— Assignees o 
Wm. Biowne, Boinbrack in parish of Castlejordan : — Exe 



IRELAND— JAMES I. b1 



[1606-7.] 



cutor of Arland Usher, Donaghmore alias Donamore : — 
Martin Blake, Athboy : — Sir Ambrose Forth, Knight, Clone- 
gorman, part of the possessions of Richard Walsh : — John 
Draycott, Balgeth : — Sir Thomas Asshe, Knight, tenement in 
Navan : — Henry Pierce and John Cusack, 1 messuage in 
Irishton, part of the possessions of Jo. Burnell ; 1 messuage 
in Ardarry ; 3 messuages in Mastowne ; 3 messuages°in Trym ; 
and 80 acres in Cashelton, part of the possessions of Jo. Rudi- 
packe, of Kilberry, attainted : — Executor of Thomas Cham- 
bers, the Franck House, in Dewleeke : — Gerrald Yong, of 
Dublin, alderman, assignee of Alice Heavon, the rectory of 
Dromcree and 1 tenement in Fower, in co. Westmeath : — Sir 
Ger. Aylmer, Knight, Colronan : — Patrick Barnewall, Martry : 
— Executor of Arland Usher, Mortimer's Lease alias Hogge 
Lease, in Newfield and Knockmark : — Sir Thomas Asshe, 
Knight, lands in Brown stowne : — Clir. Bysse, the rectory of 
Dorpatrick [Derrypatrick] : — Martin Hussey, tithes of Cull- 
mullen : — Executor of Edmund Pelham, the rectory of Syd- 
dan : — Richard Nettervill, the rectory of Donamore, near 
Navan : — William Moninges, tithes of Moiclare alia^ Moy- 
glare: — Sir Richard Cooke, Knight, tithes of Ballineglase : — 
Executor of Sir Ambrose Forth, Knight, the rectory of Tre- 
vett : — Chr. Plunkett, the rectory of Flemington and Lar- 
raghgoar [Laracor], near Ratowth : — Executor of Arland 
Usher, the rectory of Knockmark : — Sir Richard Cooke, 
Knight, tithes of Dunshaghlin : — Assigns of William Kelly, 
tithes of Ballihack : — Assignees of Jasper Horsey, the long 
tithes of Ratowthe : — Receiver of Derricke, the great and 
little tithes appertaining thereto ; and the rectory of Cookes- 
town and Ballibin : — Chr. Bysse and George Sexten, the 
rectory of Kilsallaghan : — Executor of John Rochford, Moy- 
gaddie : — Executor of Thomas Fagan, assignee of Thomas Earl 
of Ormond and Ossory, the parsonage of Skrine and other 
possessions of the abbey of the Virgin Mary, near Dublin : — 
Gerald Dillon, assign of John Barnewall, Monckton Grange 
and rectory of Monckton : — Patrick Barnewall, the rectory 
of Grele [Girley?] : — Henry Mathews, Dullagh, near Ard- 
brackan : — Executor of William Fitzwilliams, lands in Dow- 
deston : — Thomas Wakl3^ lands of the monastery of Navan : 
— Jo. Nettervill, two parts of the rectory of Kilpatricke : — 
Executor of Arland Usher, tithes of the rectory of St. Bridget, 
and of Dowokston [Davidston ?] : — Gerald Fleminge, the 
rectory of Ealline [Killeen] : — Sir Ambrose Forth, Knight, all 
the lands of the late monastery near Kells : — Sir Thomas 
Asshe, Knight, tithes of Newton and Rathnally ; — Sir James 
Dillon, Knight, the rectory of the Baskin [Baskinagh] : — Sir 
Christopher St. Lawrence, Knight, the rectory of Kilbegge 
and Robertstown, and the tithes of Walterston : — Jo. Net- 
tervile, corn tithes of Colclone, Ballrudden, and Gallowe : — 
Executors of William Fitzwilliams, lands in Ardrollick : — 
Richard I vers : — Sir John Elliott, Knight, the rectory of 



58 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

[1606-7.] 

Athsie [Assey] and Kathtaine : — George' Sexten, tithes o] 
Ardsallagh : — Executor of Kichard Noble, tithes of Kath- 
regan: — Executor of Sir Robert Dillon, Benight, St. Peter's 
Park in Staffordston :— Cbr, Plunkett, lands of the hospital oi 
St. John's, New Town, near Trim : — Peter Butler, lands in 
Trim : — Executors of Arland Usher, Stonehall : — Sir Thomas 
Ashe, Knight, tithes of the rectory of the Blessed Virgin Marj 
of Trim : — Sir Robert Napper, Knight, Pierston : — Sir James 
Dillon, Knight, corn tithes of Moymett : — Henry Pierce and 
John Cusack, lands in KiUokenaghan ; lands in BalUchardick : 
a water mill near the castle of Trym ; Rath, near Platten, 
alias Balliregan, Crogh and Ingldall ; and Newrath, near 
Kelles :— Francis Anesly, great tithes of Culclone and Ball- 
rudden ; and the great tithes of Gallowe, possessions of the 
rectory of Galtrim : — Sir Edward Fisher, Knight, Lobinston. 

Co. Kildare. 

Robert Nangle, castle in Ballisax, the property of the Duke 
of Norfolk and Lord Barklye: — Charles Huett and Waltei 
Dongan, assigns of Anthony Leppard, the rectory of Ballisax : 
— Patrick CuUen, corn tithes of Kilrush ; and 6 acres in 
Puncher's Grange : — John Lee, Kilmurry, with other lands 
of Peter Roberts and Maurice Walsh : — Katherine Vaughan, 
widow, Shelstonstown near Shiltonsland : — Sir William Sars- 
field. Knight, a messuage in Carne, Baltinglas : — Th. Stoakes, 
Ballinadden : — Edward Fitzgerald, Harnehill, Bohertlee, and 
Kilcock : — Executor of John Dongan : — Th. Stoakes, Fle- 
mington : — Gerald Yong, assign of Katherine Yaughan, custom 
of cattle sold at Naas : — James Bee, of Dublin, goldsmith, 
Sir Morrice Fitz Thomas's farm in Kildrought, part of the 
possessions of David Hutton : — Sir Gerald Aylmer, Knight, 
Clonshanboe : — Executor of Alice Heavon alias St, Lawrence, 
deceased, Halveston aliOjS Ballyhallway : — Matthew Hancock, 
Rathmore : — Quintine Rutlidge, Oughterard : — Robert Asshe, 
a castle in the Naas :— John Lee, Moristown : —Patrick Sars- 
field, Silett [Siliot] :■ — Gerald FitzGerald, gent., in the name of 
John Cullen: — Assigns of Sir Anthony St. Leger, Knight, 
Blackstowne : — Jo. Lee, Rollickston alias Ballinralick : — 
Robert Asshe, Puncheston : — Jo, Hesquin, Littlerath : — Ex- 
ecutor of Edmund Doyne, of Dardeston, Yagogstowne : — 
Patrick Gerrott, cottages with lands in Clane : — Martin Lisly, 
the Hilfield, the Bater of Naas, and land near Fullanrath : — 
Thomas Dongan, Halveston : — Executor of Richard Dealing, 
Swedvaleston [Swordleston] :— Executor of Anthony Brabazon, 
in Rahosker alias Rahasket : — Henry Bealinge, Morganston : — 
Walter Asshbold, a messuage in the Naas : — Executor of Giles 
Alien and Edward Allen, the rectory of Rathmore : — Walter 
Asshpole, the preceptory of Kilbegge, with rectory of the 
same : — Thomas Bushop, tithes of Caredeston : — William Lat- 



IRELAND—JAMES I. 59 



[1606-7.] 



ten, great tithes of Johnston: — John Elliott, third of the 
great tithes of Kiloyn : — Philip Hoare, rectory of Maynham 
alias Mayne and Ballraine : — Thomas Lnttrell, corn tithes of 
KiHusy : — Executor of Owen Connall, rectory of Downing : — 
Richard Longe, lands in Clane : — John Cullen and Henry 
Elliott, tithes of Sherkerston : — John Davis, tithes of Kilbride 
near Osberston : — John Ewstace, rectory of St. Brigit, near 
Osberston : — Martin Lisly, rectory and glebe of Clonaghes : — 
Sir WiQiam Usher, Knight, rectory of Clont3urry : — Anthony 
Broughton, great tithes of Leixlip : — Sir Edward Brabazon, 
Knight, rectory of Kildrought : — John Ewstace, rectory of 
Donahannock : — Andrew Whitt, a messuage in Leixlipp : — 
Sir George Greame, Knight, all lands and possessions of the 
hospital of St. John of Naas : — Thomas Gerrott, corn tithes 
of all lands lately in the possession of the friars of Clane : — 
Walter Lewis, lands of the monastery of Augustins of Naas : 
— John Lee, lands in Littlemoreston : — John King, rectory of 
Kilreny : — John Cusack, rectory of Bowdeston : — Sir Ger. 
Cowly, Knight, tithes of Fegcullen alias Fercullen : — Exe- 
cutors of Giles Allen, lands in the town of Kilcullen : — 
Executors of Richard Noble, lands of the friary of Tristle- 
dermott : — Henry Sheffield, Inchcudder alias Inchequyne : — 
Executor of Edward FitzSymons, rectory of Dullardston : — 
John Ewstace, tithes of Norragh : — John King and John 
Bingly, the monastery of Athy : — James Ware, the grange of 
Rassalvan : — John Foser, the parsonage of Ratherne : — John 
Cusack and Henry Pierce, a water-mill in Naas and Yagoges- 
town : — Francis Anesley, 4 acres in Balhsax ; Rubeston alias 
Dubeston, parish of Kilhehan ; and tithes of Fecullen ; Old 
Connall, and Moristonbiller : — Sir William Sarsfield, Corkagh ; 
the great and little tithes of Stablerston ; and divers lands 
and tenements in the town of Carne : — Lady Margaret But- 
ler, rectory of Colebengee and Ballinegowle : — Robert Nangle, 
Ballynefill : — Sir Patrick Barnewall, Knight, tithes of Kil- 
cocke : — John Bath, Archdeaconston : — Philip Conran, tithes 
of Oughterard : — Richard Noble, rectory of Leixlippe. 



Co. Gallway. 

Walter Taylor, licence to make aqua vitge in any part of 
the province of Connaught : — John Rawson and Henry Deane, 
forfeited lands of Teig O'Flaherty : — Brian Fitzwilliams, the 
castle and town of Liskenan, part of the possessions of Theo- 
bald Bourk, attainted ; Leighcarrowbegoghan (sic) ; Castlegar, 
late in the possession of Donald O'Shane, attainted ; lands in 
Kilbeg, late in the possession of GilleduflT O'Herne ; land in 
Rahanlan, late in the possession of Feriagh O'Kelly ; land 
in Ballinebreggie, late the property ' of Thomas Dowlagh ; in 
Rahoban and Moynemore, late the property of Feriagh 
O'Heyne ; in Keapanaboly, late the property of Coquilly 



60 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

[1606-7.] 

O'Heyne, attainted ; Ballemore, late the property of Feriagt 
Eiltagh ; castle of Gallyvally with other property of Theobald 
Bourk ; and lands of MacNehany, late the property of Gawly 
Oge O'Madden : — John Lye, land in the town of Garewe, 
late the property of Shane Byrne, M'Shane : — Arthur Bustok. 
lands of the college of St. Brandon in Annaghcoyne : — Robert 
Nangle, the castle called Cowlen : — J^ohn Newton, Beogh : — 
John Champen, the chapel of Killmurry : — Anthony Peppard, 
- the house of the friars Minors of St. Francis, Slewhaughe : — 
John Rawson and Henry Deaue, Carowlechill : — Patrick 
Barnewall, Ardneseddan : — Richard Power, Molechayen, the 
Yellow island : — Lewis Briskett, the friary at Kilconnell : — 
John Lye, lands of St. M'Cartron, of Ballyrioght. 

Co. Cavan. 

Sir Thomas Asshe, Knight, Tullinebrett, late the property 
of Terence alias Tirlagh Moylore Geoghan (sic) : — John Lye, 
TuUimbrick, late the property of Shane Rogh M'Cahill ; 
Rathmickfioly and Aghgalcharty, late the property of Brian 
M'Mulmory O'Rely ; Cowleremony, part of the lands of Mull- 
mory O'Rely, attainted ; Croskeagh, part of the lands of 
Bryan M'Cormock M'Brady, attainted; Skony, part of the 
lands of Cahir M'Prior O'Rely ; Dravile [Derryvehil ?], part of 
the lands of Brian Roe O'Rely, attainted ; Dromlagh, part of 
the lands of Shane MThilip O'Rely ; Corechoora, part of the 
lands of Brian M'Cahir O'Rely, attainted ; the Nether Comett, 
part of the lands of Ferrall M'JJonell M'Tirlagh O'Rely; and 
Bally M'Carroll, part of the lands of Gille Reogh M'Carroll : 
— Hugh Strowbridge, lands of the abbey of Holy Trinity, 
in the island of Loughowter, in the Breny ; and of the mo- 
nastery of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Dromlagh : — Sir Gerrald 
Moore, lands of the hospital of Fourogan, and termons of the 
hospitals of Clones, Dromlane, Armagha, Casheltera, TJrgne 
[Urney], Kilmore, Deyny, Tonaghmoro, Armaghgale, Markill, 
Lorganboy, Larra, Magherihullagh, Drough, Killistardeynty, 
Droneghdeese, Dronegowre, Knockabride, Kilcany, Moybogy, 
Iniskeene, Fayntavin, Rahawna, Templeport, Templedowan, 
Killeynagh, Killenekeyre, Balliclane Phillipp, Largan, Castle- 
rahin, Crosserlough, Mounteyconnoght, Clone Kraghvoy, Kil- 
bride, Ballilynche, Kildromefearse, Ballintample, Killadallan, 
Dromloman, Clone, Kilfeart, Seanroe, Aghleere, in the barony 
of Castlerahine, part of the lands of Brian MThillipp O'Rely, 
attainted. 

Co. Wexford. 

Adam White, licence to build a glass-house in the province 
of Leinster : — Sir Richard Morison, Knight, the castle and 
manor of Fearnes, part of the possessions of the Duke of 
Norfolk and Lord Barklye :— John Ewstace, Darbie's island, 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 61 



[1606-7.] 



part of tlie possessions of the Earl of Shrewsbury ; lands in 
Beggery [Begerin], part of the possessions of the Duke of 
Norfolk and Lord Barklye : — Richard Synnott, the manors of 
Rosgarland, Ballinone, Greenhill, and Clonkeyne, part of the 
possessions of David Nevell, attainted ; Baronscourfc alias 
Ballecowne, the property of David Nevell, attainted ; New- 
castle, and Rathstowe alias Rathtowe, late the property of 
D, Nevell, attainted ; the lands of Donald O'Morrough, at- 
tainted, in Dengen and Kilmollogh, Murroughe's Country ; 
the rectory of Clonkynne and Killeowenmore ; the tithes of 
Killenagh, late in the possession of the college of the Blessed 
Virgin Mary of Maynooth ; the lands of the abbey of Tin- 
terne, two mills in the town of Nashe, Dowmayne, and Rayn- 
kenagh ; a mill in the grange of Killmore ; lands in the 
town of Banno, late possessions of the abbey of Tinterne ; 
tithes of Banno, Carick, St. Innochye, and Killmore ; the rec- 
tory of Balligarvan, 'and lands in the town of St. Leonard : 
— Morgan M'Cahir Cavanagh, the barony of Tymolin and 
lands in the towif of Kallanck ; Horeton ; the rectory of Sel- 
sker, St. Tullocke, near Wexford ; lands of the monastery of 
Fearnes ; the rectory of Ardmayne, Killmockrish, Killantolle, 
and Kilpatricke, in co. Wexford; all the lands, castles, and 
manors of Cloghamon ; the rectory of BalJiernan and the 
chapel of Ardcanrishe. 

Queen's Co. 

Lands in Longford, Monaghmore, and Cannes, late pos- 
sessions of Thady Fitz Patrick, attainted; in Killmakillocke, 
late possessions of the O'Moores ; in Ballimollan alias Milton, 
late possessions of the O'Moores, attainted ; and the rectory 
of O'Regan and Rossenallis. 

King's Co. 

A castle and land in the town of Doaghill, late in posses- 
sion of Richd. Walshe, attainted ; Killmekallaghan ; in Glan- 
giddy ; in Ballinekille ; in Roskaghbegg, Ramoile, and Kill- 
moragh ; in Tullaghvalla ; Dougliill, late in possession of Oliver 
Walsh, attainted ; in Castlebrannagh, late possessions of the 
O'Connors, attainted; the rectory of Ballinekill alias Bal- 
lintaple ; the rectory of Ballinekille ; the house of the Blessed 
Virgin Mary of the Island of Life, alias Insh-na-bel, in Mag- 
hery, in O'Carroll's Country; and the lands of the late 
religious house of Sicakeran [Seirkieran ?], in O'Carroll's 
Country : — Jo. Bealing, Roscree, in O'Carroll's Country. 

Co. Westmeath, 

Edw. Darcy, lands in Grange, and Tulhan alias Tolghane : 
Th. Hoppe [Hope], messuages, with gardens, in the town of 



62 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

[1606-7.] 

MolliDgare, near the Spittle-house : — Hugh M'Geoghe^ 
the rectory of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Castlekinaleine 
Nicholas Aylmer, lands of the late priory of Ballinsagard, 
the abbey of Kilbeggan : — Martin Lisly, the hospital or le- 
house of Ballimorraghe, and lands in Ballihotten and K: 
kene : — Ja. Dillon, of Conors ton, the house and lands of 
friars of Athlone : — Sir Gerald Moore, the park of the ab 
of Gallene : — Ro. Harrison, tenements in Kinard, in bai 
Moybrecke : — Fran. Anesley, the lands of Grange, called M( 
beg Grange, near MolUngare ; and the rectory of Baskine. 

City of Dublin. 

Executor of John Cullen, assign of Lewis Brysket : — E 
Smithe : — Stephen Segar : — The executor of Jo. Malone 
Sir Ei. Cooke, assign of Ro. Newcomen, various tenem^ 
adjoining the Castle, and Castle ditch : — Sir Hen. Brunc 
Knight, customs, subsidies, impositions, &c. in Ireland :— 
Ja. FuUerton, Knight, Stutter Lane, adjacent to the lan( 
Hen. BurneU alias Barnewall : — Th. Hawtrie, licence 
starch : — Jo, Foster : — Ant. Lowe : — Nic. Aylmer : — Assigi 
Wm. Bathe : — Assigns of Bob. Bysse : — Assigns of Ja 
Ryan : — Christopher Bysse, assign of Jasp. Horsey : — Ass: 
of Anthony Broughton : — Francis Agard : — Executor of J 
Dongan : — Assigns of Andrew Bruerton : — Assigns of Tho 
Earl of Ormond ; and Gerald Young, of Dublin, alderm 
various tenements in the city and suburbs. 

Co. Wicklow. 

Francis Anesley, lands and tenements in Killvany a 
Killvan, Ballinecrosse, and Kilroskitt, formerly possessior 
Geo. Talbot, late Earl of Waterford and Shrewsbury, an( 
fisheries, including salmon, of the river of Bray : — Exec 
of Rob. Pipho, Donarde, late possessions of James Fitzgei 
attainted : — Anastasia Archbold, Killmakenocke, and D 
clee, in the town of Killmore, late possessions of Farragh M' 
laghe, attainted ; and Killmakenocke, Glancorraacke, Co 
more, and Glanmore, in Glancap, formerly possessions of ] 
mott FitzEdmond O'Toole, attainted : — Jo. Hoy, Ballin 
in the county Dublin, with tenements in the Brodkey 
Bishopshill : — Daniel Kelly, a tenement in the town of Tip 
kevin : — Executor of Robert Pipho, tenements in Ballimc 
alias Ballimorry : — Executors of Alice Heavon, widow, t 
ments in Barretston : — Thomas Daniell, lands near the B 
key and Bishopshill, in the town of Ballimore, late possessioi 
Thomas Ewstace, attainted : — John Ewstace, lands in Tij 
kevin : — Robert Kinsman, moiety of Clonmanen, Barnec( 
Ballintortan, and Killadorcke, with other lands, late possess 
of Edmund Fitzgerald, attainted ; and Ballinecartaghe, in ] 
makenock, late possessions of Dermit M'Edde, attaintec 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 63 



[1606-7.] 



Francis Anesly, Balligonanmore, late possessions of Callogli 
O'Birne, attainted, and Ballindowline and Ballinry, late pos- 
sessions of Tirlaghe M'Morrogh Birne, attainted : — Sir Thomas 
Chichester, Knight, Cowlesharghmore, late possessions of Te- 
rence alias Tirlaghe M'Shane O'Toole, attainted : — Executor 
of Francis Ancsley, divers lands, tillage, pasture and bog, in 
Garrikillverely, Castlesallagh, Ballimacledy, now called Tal- 
botstowne, Borchill, Butlerswood, Coulshagh, Kilta,gone, Car- 
ribrocke, Newton, FidancuU in O'Mayle, Downing, Carles- 
towne, Spenanes in Omayle, Shykine, Kilverton, Wolfe's, 
Donaghmore, Kingscastell, Howbuckstowne, Edistowne in 
Omayle, Kilrananaughlagh, Brittas in Omayle, Knockvery, 
Knocknorgan, Ballidill, Killedin, Mongdo in Omayle, Crame- 
rine in Omayle, and the hamlet of Toberboye, Ballybresclaye 
and Boyle, all late possessions of Tirlaghe M'Shane O'Toole, 
attainted : — Jo. Hoy, the town of Estboliine, with other 
possessions, late of the hospital of St. John of Jerusalem. 

Drogheda. 

Wm. Taafe and Geo. Rookes, the customs, cockets, pound- 
age, and billet of the town of Drogheda : — Ro. Bostocke, 
divers tenements, Anglice, " shops," in the town, late posses- 
sions of the hospital of St. John of Jerusalem :— Geo. Allex- 
ander, a house in Drogheda, late a possession of the monastery 
of Gracedewe. 

Co. Catherlagh, 

Lady Eliz, St. Leger, lands in Garkill and Ballicaslane, late 
possessions of Gerrald M'Cahir, attainted : — Daniel O'Kelly, 
lands in Kinmaghined, Thomgrogh, late possessions of Donnogh 
Moyle Cavenagh, attainted: — Jo. St. Berbe, the rectory of 
Cloydagh : — Assigns of Sir Jo. Talbott, Knight, the rectory 
of Athadeg, in the town of Athad [Aghade], and Carricke 
O'Shane : — Jo. Chadwicke, lands of the late house of Carmelite 
friars of Laghlinbridge : — Sir R Wingfield, Knight, tenements 
near Laghlin, in the town of Ballinockan, late possessions of 
Pet. Butler, attainted. 



Co. Louth. 

Executor of Richard Ap Hughe, the customs, coquets, 
poundage, and billet of the town of Dondalke : — Executor 
of Arland Usher, lands in Ballibalricke, late possessions of Jo. 
Burnell, attainted : — Executor of Sir Robert Dillon, lands in 
Christianstown : — Henry Pierse and Jo. Cusacke, Baskerville's 
Rath, near the river Dondegan, and Collumkill's Wear, late 
possessions of Jo. Burnell, attainted :— Sir Oliver Plunkett, 
Knight, Lord of Louth, the preceptory and manors of Kill- 



64 IRELAJ^D— JAMES I. 

[1606-7.] 

saran, and the tithes of Monasterburges alias Monasterl 
— Executor of Richard Ap Hughe, tithes of the fis 
of the river of Carlingford : — Executor of Oliver Plu 
tithes of Macherlagh, Templetori, and Morton in 
[Cooley], and of the rectory of Carlingford and Co"w 
Thomas Bushoppe, tithes of Ballibalrick : — Sir Gerr. J 
all the possessions of the late monastery of the Blessed ' 
Mary, Mellifonte, and of the late hospital of St. Jc 
Jerusalem, Ardee : — Edw. Dowdall, gent., the late ho 
Carmelite friars, Ardee : — Assigns of Jo. Wackly, gen 
rectory of Louth, Oldredan, near Lowth : — Ho. Harrison 
and small tithes of Kilcher alias Kilchree alias Killathj 
George Duffe, lands of the late friary at Termonfeigl 
Sir Jo. Talbott, Knight, lands of the late abbey of Knoc 
Executors of Richard Ap Hughe, tithes of Castlering, K: 
mill Grange, near Allardston, and the Grange, near Mill 
Assigns of Richard Burne, Thos. Burne, Jas. Gream* 
George Greame, tithes of Smermore : — Henry Pierse anc 
Cusacke, lands of the abbey of St. Peter, Ardmaghe 
cholas Bevans alias Ap Evans, possessions of the abbey 
Blessed Virgin Mary, Lowth. 

City of Kilkenny. 

Francis Anesly, a tenement in the town of Kilkenn; 
in possession of the monastery of Duske ; do., late in 
pation of Richard Ragged, near Jenkin's Mill. 

Co. Kerry. 

Mau. Cursey, assign of Jo. Newton, the town of Kil 
[Killahan] and Ballihenrie, late possessions of Shane M'R 
Cursey, attainted : — Sir Th. Rooper, Knight, the seignori 
called Puffyns, late possessions of Gerald, late Earl Des 
in CO. Kerry and Desmond, attainted : — Thomas Sprinj 
priory of Killagha : — Assigns of Jo. Bleke, lands of tl 
monastery of Ballinskilling : — Ja. Scott, the abbey c 
laughty [Lislaughtin] : — Assigns of Jo. Champen, la 
the abbey of Ratowth alias Arragacensis, of the order 
Augustin, and of the late abbey of Oderny, alias Ladies . 
of Keriolezen. 

Co. Limerick 

William Long and Thomas Chetham, the customs, 
Waterford, Wexford, Newrosse, Corck, Kinsale, Youghal] 
garvan, Dinigenhuske [Dingen-a-Cushe, Dingle], and Lin 
— Assigns of Sir Gerrald Aylmer, Knight, the rect 
Garry-askeatinge, late possessions of the abbey of Kir 
in England : — Jo. Lye, gent., a tenement called Morgan 
Moregans : — Sir Francis Barkley, Knight, assign of S 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 65 



[1606-7.] 



tliony St. Leger, the castle of Askenige : — Francis Anesly, 
Liscavill, late possessions of Thomas England, of Englands- 
towne, attainted : — Executors or assigns of Edward Mawrie 
and Jo. Apsley, the preceptory of Aney : — Wm. Casye, gent., 
assign of Thomas Lamben, Farremonagh alias Munkesland. 

Co. Mayo. 

Sir Robert Jacob, Knight, the rivers and waters of Kil- 
teyney alias Kiltayne : — Jo. Rawson and Henry Deane, part 
of Cahir-ne-Marte, late in possession of Tady Koe O'Maly, 
attainted ; of Leighcarrow-ne-Clady, late possession of Shemus 
M 'Gibbon, attainted ; of Balliknocke, and Kitterbrocke, late 
possessions of William M'Gibbon, attainted ; of Knappaghe, 
late possessions of William Oge M'Gibbon, attainted ; of 
Leighcarrow Correvegan, late possessions of Charles M'An- 
drewe and Shane M'Andrewe, attainted; of Bealicke, and 
of the barony of Tirawly, late possessions of Theobald Bourke, 
attainted ; a town called Ballikinleigh ; part of Rathcarry, 
in the barony of Kilmeane, late possessions of Richard 
M'Eddy O'Coggie, attainted; of Carrowkiltron, late posses- 
sions of Richard M'Bealodd, attainted ; of Carrowkeill, Cone- 
keil, Rathlackan, and Carrowknildanj late possessions of Hugh 
Boy M'Connell, attainted ; of Tullagayan, late possessions of 
Gilladuffe O'Clerie, attainted ; of Leigh Carrow, in the barony 
of Tirawly, late possessions of Edmund Keeraghe, attainted ; 
of Garranmucke, late possessions of Richard M'Richard, at- 
tainted ; of Carrowgortbeg, late possessions of Ullic M'An- 
thonie ; of Balliduffe alias Balligowghi, late possessions of 
Edward Boy and Meyler M'Henry Crone, attainted ; of Leagh 
Carrow Moynteroynee, late possessions of Thomas Came Joye, 
attainted ; of Moycare, late possession of Maurice Oge M'Bryen 
Boy, attainted ; of Killekan, late possession of Edmund Owny 
M'David Oge, attainted ; of Clonyn, and Chukill, late pos- 
session of Morrough M'Connell of Clonyn, attainted ; of 
Clonkerry, late possession of Moyll M'Tibbott Reagh and 
William Bourke M'Shane ; of Learn e, late possession of John 
Boy Bourke M 'Meyler, Jo. Boy M'Philip, and Shane Bourke 
M'Hubbert, attainted ; of the island called Dromreagh, late 
possession of Ullic Bourke ; of Clonkine, late possession of 
Allen Donell alias M'Conell, attainted; of Inver, late pos- 
session of Edward Boy M'William Duffe and others, attainted ; 
of Carrowkillcowsan, late possession of Thady M'Morough 
alias Teige M'Morough, attainted ; the rectory of Ballingarry, 
and tithes of Ballihemon : — Executor of Brian Fitzwilliams, 
Castlebarry, late possession of Edward Bourke, attainted : 
— Richard Mapowder, lands of the late monastery of Bal- 
lintobber: — Thomas Dexter, the friary of Rathbranna, near 
the sea : — Jo. Bingley and John King, the abbey of Conge : — 
Assigns of Pat. Barnwell, the friary of Strade, of Muske, and 
of Ballihomasse : — Executors of Brian Fitzwilliams, lands of 

3. E 



66 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

[1606-7.] 

the religious house of Inishmeane : — Jo. Bingley, lands of 
abbey of Conge, and lands of priory of BaUintobber. 

Co. Cork. 

Ro. Morgan, the castle of Rosbrine, late in possession of 
Donald M'Conogher O'Mahowne, attainted ; and Maymen, in 
Muskery, late in possession of Awliffe O'Flerry, chief of his 
sept, attainted: — Jo. King and Th. Hibbottes, Clonfynne, late 
possession of Donough M'Knougher, attainted ; aU the chief 
rents of Donogh M'Cormocke M'Carty, of Corra, attainted, and 
the chief rents of Dowghally [Duhallow] : — Fr, Anesly, Ley- 
therome, late possession of M'Maing Condon, attainted ; Kilrie 
or Kilbalane, late possession of Redmond M'Gerrald, attainted ; 
and Courtnearle in Kinsale, late possession of Earl of Desmond, 
attainted : — Edw. Beecher, Balligoran, late possession of Jo. 
Moyle Barry, attainted ; of Curribehie, late possession of XJl- 
lick Barrett, attainted ; lands of the monasteries of Killmene, 
Cahiro, Ballinecarrigie, late possessions of Conogher M'Teige 
M'Donoghe, attainted ; lands of Stutteighes, late possessions 
of Donnell M^Teige M'Donoghe and others, attainted ; lands 
of Walleston, late possessions of Edward Wale, attainted; 
lands of Carrowgincore, late possessions of Teige Merrigoogh 
O'Learie, attainted ; of Carrickleevan, late possessions of 
Donell M'Dermott O'Learye, attainted ; of Cloghe M'Yeoman 
alias Cloghnesmone, late possessions of Neale O'Morriehie, 
attainted ; of Balhnaltie and Scartivarie, late possessions of 
Ja. Fitz Richard Fitz Edmund Barry, and Jo. Fitz Richard, 
his brother, attainted ; of Ballinemetaghe, late possessions of 
Gerald Earl of Desmond, attainted ; of Rochfordstowne alias 
Ballinomarchell, late possessions of James Fitz Morrice Gerald 
alias James Fitz Morrice, attainted ; and of Carriginneelagh, 
late possessions of Teige M'Arte O'Learie, attainted : — Dav. 
Lord Barry, Iniskien, Gurtyne Roe, and Clone O'Marrige, late 
possessions of Dermott Moyle M'Carty, attainted : — Th. 
Linche, the church of St. John Baptist, and the chapel of 
St. Anne : — Jo. Champen, the rectory of Ballineter and Esi- 
backe : — Ro. Kinsman, messuages in Dungarvan, in the sub- 
urbs of the city of Cork, late possession of the monastery 
of St. Thomas Martyr, Dublin: — Hen. Guyldford, lands of 
the late monastery of Albo Tractu and Tracton : — Maurice 
Roch, possessions of the late monastery of Ardmoy : — Lewis 
Briskett, possessions of the late priory of Ballindrehed alias 
Ballindree, in Roche's country : — Assigns of Stephen Waters, 
lands of the abbey of Ballibegg: — Rob. Morgan, lands of 
the monastery of Roscarbry alias Roshillary : — Jo. Champen, 
lands of the friary at Kinsale : —Jo. Bealinge, house and lands 
of the Mendicant friars of Baltimore, called Inniskirken alias 
Innisherkin : — Jo. Lye, gent., land of the abbey of Ballivagga- 
dan, in Barrett's Country. 



IRELAND — JAMES 1. 67 



[1606-7.] 



Town of Gallway. 

The Mayor and bailiffs, the customs, coquet, and the custom 
called the ingate custom. 

City of Limerick. 
Nich. and Jo, Stretch, the King's mills. 

Co. Clare. 

Jo. Bealinge, the rectory of Killowlanchie alias Kilvo- 
lanchie : — Jo. Lee, Dromfinglas, late possession of Donoghe 
O'Brian, attainted; part of Ballicollin, late possession of 
Tadey O'Connor alias Teige Negall M'Donald M'Henry Duff, 
attainted : — Ro. Napper, Dromollan and Balliconnelly : — 
Donat Earl of Thomond, the friary of Inche, called Grey 
Friars ; and of Canons Regular at Clare : — Ro, Kinsman, 
monastery of Kilshanny ; — Fr. Anesly, Heave. 

Co. Antrim, 

Th. Phillipps, the customs, &c. of Portrushe and Port- 
ballintra ; — Geo. Beverly, monastery of Colrane : — Th, Hib- 
botts and Jo. Kinge, abbey of the Blessed Virgin Mary of 
Desert alias Kelles, and priory of Muckamrie, with its 
lands: — Moyses Hill, the castle of Olderfleet, late possession 
of the friars, called Clondamnales : — Rog. Longford, the priory 
of Muckmaire, with its lands, 

Co. Ardmagh. 

Tobias Caulfield, the town of Charlemount : — Anth. Smithe, 
Carrickbradagh: — Marmaduke Whitechurch, Agheyelloge alias 
Aghglege : — Sir Tobias Caulfield, lands of the monastery of 
St. Peter and St. Paul : — Executors of Rog. Langford, the 
customs, &c., of Knockfergus : — Ri. Harding, St. Bride's Hos- 
pital, Carrickfergus . 

Co. Down, 

Sir Ralph Bingley, the manor and castle of Ardglas and 
Strangford : — Fra. Stafford, castle and tenements in the town 
of Maggaffae alias Feddan : — Th, Hibbotts and Jo. King, the 
late abbey of Leigh alias Jugo Dei, alias Gray Abbey, in 
the Axdes ; and the island called Iniskargy, late possession of 
Bryan Oge O'Flyn, attainted : — Fra. Dowdall, the preceptory 
of Ardes, the manor of St. Johnslow, and rectory of Rath- 
mullen : — Executors of Ric. Ap Hugh, the rectory of Holme 
Grange, part of Hore Abbey, the rectory of Ballilurgan, the 

E 2 



68 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

[1606-7.] 

town of Cloniffe, Ballagkyn [Ballykine], Balliletin, rectory 
of Cloniffe, part of the abbey of Bangor, of the priory of 
Inche, of the nunnery of Downe, the priory of St. John's, 
the priory of Sts. John and Thomas, monastery of Sawle, 
monastery of Hoare, abbey of Leigh alias Jugo Dei in Ardes, 
monastery of Bangor, convent of the Friars Minors, Downe, 
and the monastery of St. Patrick, Downe. 

Co. Donegall. 

John Bingley, gent., the fisheries of Donegall and Cael- 
begges [Killybeggs] : — Hen. Hart, the castle and fort of 
Culmore : — Jo. Browne, licence of establishing ferries at Liffer 
and Strabane, over the river Fin : — Sir Hen. FoUiott, the 
fishing of salmon and herring in Ballishannane, Bondrosse 
[Bundrowes] and Calbegg [Killybegge], Donnegall, Leitrym, 
and Sligo : — Sir Ja. FuUerton, the convent of Mendicant 
friars of the Blessed Virgin Mary, at KathmuUen, in Swyn 
Fennette's [Fannett] Country. 

City of Derry. 

Ri. Bingley, gent., the customs, &;c., of Derry alias BaUi- 
shannon : — Sir Hen. Dockwraye, a house in the fort of the 
Derry. 

Co. of Colrane. 

Sir Th. Phillipps, licence to manufacture aqua vitBe in co, 
Colrane, called O'Kahan's country, and the Rowte, in co. 
Antrim, 

Co. Monaghan. 

Sir Edw. Blany, all the castles of Monaghan : — Sir Fra. 
Rushe, the abbey of Clonics, in the Dartrye, in M*Mahowne's 
country : — Thomas Henshawe, the friary at Monaghan, late 
possession of Mahowne (sic) alias Fitzursula, attainted. 

Co. Roscomon. 

Th. PhiUips, a garden called Conaught Tower, near the 
castle of Athlone : — Jo. Lee, part of the land called Cornegye, 
late possession of Rory Boy O'Naughten, attainted ; and of 
land in Lackane and Ardane, late possession of Shane M'Eg- 
hoghan O'Kelly, attainted : — Hugo M'Tirlagh Roe, the castle 
called Clonbryen, late possession of Tirlagh Roe O'Connor, 
attainted ; and the land called Cash el, formerly possession of 
Tirlagh Roe O'Connor, attainted : — Jo. Lee, Monimuck, late 
possession of Callaghe M'Tirlage, attainted : — Peter Hovenden, 
the chapel of Mollaghnedo alias Ballintobber : — Pat. Barne- 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 69 



[1606-7.] 



wall, the late monastery of Inchmore alias Inchloghrene : — 
Edw. O'Fallon, the Franciscan friary of Ballaneny : — Jo. 
Bingley and Jo. Kinge, the abbey of Boyle : — Geo. Allexander, 
the Cistercian monastery of St. Benedict, of Athlone : — Mayor 
and bailiffs of Gal way, the friary of Fulskye, near the friary 
of Clonshanmoyle : — Hen. Mathewes, the lands of the chapel 
of Caldrie Woalaghe, in the barony of Boyle : — Irrell O'FarreU, 
the monastery of Killmore, in Iverne : — Jo. Champen, land 
near the town of Higgins, called Monasterevan alias Kennett 
late possession of the monastery of Nenaghe : — Jo. Lee, the 
chapel and town of Ballibougher, Abbey Collies, called other- 
wise Knockmoy : — Edw. Crofton, the monastery of the Holy 
Trinity, called M'Dermod alias Moyiarge, in the island of the 
Holy Trinity, of Loughkey. 

Co. Sligo. 

John Eawson and Henry Deane, part of Roscribe, late pos- 
session of Gillecrist O'Douche, late of Roscribe aforesaid, 
attainted ; of land in the territory of Slightshanboy M'Owen 
O'Harry, possession of Rory Keoghe O'Harry, attainted ; 
lands called Cowla, late possession of Ferdoroghe M'Donoghe, 
attainted ; of lands at Castlecormucke, late possession of Ty- 
moltagh M' William O'Harry, attainted ; in Castlecormocke, late 
possession of Edw. O'Harry and others, attainted ; Leigh Car- 
rowtullagh and Leigh Carrowknapp, late possession of Donald 
M'Shane Eglin O'Connor, attainted ; the Rectory between the 
two bridges, in the barony of Carbrie, late possession of the 
hospital of St. John without the New Gate of Dublin, and the 
monastery of Knockmore : — Jo. Lee, 1 quarter of lands, called 
Carrowkipp, and 7 quarters of land in the barony of Leyne, 
late possession of DoBnogh O'Harry, attainted : — Martin 
Lysly, Kearow Ardawer and Kearow Tawney, late possession 
of the monastery of Courte, and the lands called Romroge : 
— Brian Fitzwilliam, the church of Alternan, late possession 
of monastery of Knockmoy : — Lionel Gwyst or Gwest, the 
rectory of Skrine and of Castle Connor. 

Co. Leitrym. 

Jo. Oakes, the monastery of Crelave, with the rectories of 
Killery, Dromleis, Killemmurren, Killargen, Clonelogher, Bal- 
linechane, and Rosmeare. 

Co. Fermanagh. 
Sir Hen. Bruncker, the abbey of Lishoole. 

Co. Kilkenny. 

Jo. Newton, the rectory of Kilbeck and Killeighe : — Sir Ri. 
Shee, Galmoye in Glashare : — Geo. Alexander, lands in Cot- 



[1606-7.] 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



trellsboly : — Jo. Archer, rectory of Templefraghan and Bally- 
kine : — Amb. Forth, rectory of Killaughe : — Th. Archer, rec- 
tory of Blanchvillston : — Ric. Archdeacon, rectory of Dun- 
kitt : — Ant. Pippard, rectory of Shankill : — John Newton, 
rectories of Roscoynan and Killcoughan : — Sir Ric. Boyle, the 
new preceptory in Newton Lynan, and the rectory of Strad- 
bally : — Jo. Newton, the rectory of St. Peter, in the parish of 
Compsey : — Hen. Sheethe, the rectory of Burnchurch alias 
Bewper : — Fr. Anesly, a mill in the town of Callen, with lands 
called Inche ; Pleberston, the great and small tithes of Brown- 
ston, Russe M'Cody Aizert Beg ; and the tithes of White- 
church, Whitechurch Castleton, and Killeven, late possessions 
of the monastery of Inistiock. 

Co. Tipperary. 

Jo. Lee, the castle and lands of Barretston, late possession 
of Donogh O'Carron, attainted : — Thomas Earl of Ormonde, 
the rectory of Kilkeynan, Keapadrome, and Sleynboyne, late 
possessions of the abbey of Osny, England : — Ro. Harrison, 
Drongan, late possession of Jo. Bourke Fitzwalter, attainted : 
— Fr, Anesly, the town of Ballivogrye, Balliloughlin, late pos- 
session of Walter Bourko Fitz-william, attainted : — Edw. 
Beecher, the town of Lyffyn}'", late possession of Awly M'Teige 
M'Awly, killed in rebellion 5 of Ballibane and Cowletomyn, 
in the barony of Upper Ormonde, late possession of Laghlen 
M'Teige M'Neale O'Mulrian, slain in rebellion in the west; 
of Kearhowe alias Cowlostostye, late possession of Teig and 
Shane Roe O'Kenedy, attainted ; of Rapleughe, Ballianveg- 
han, late possession of Morogh M'Hugh O'Kenedy ; of Clog- 
hen sie and Ballinloghee, late possession of Ph. M'Hugh 
O'Kenedy, slain in rebellion in the west ; of Grenan Gelin- 
shinvye and Knockan, late possession of Art. M'Dermott 
M'Shane Glishe O'Mullrian, slain in rebellion in the west ; 
of Garra Kennhie, in the barony of Killne Longirte, late 
possession of Rory M'Dermott O'Mullrian and Shane M'Der- 
mott O'Mullrian, slain in rebellion in the west ; ofFoskynne, • 
late possessions of Donell Duffe Fitzrowney O'Mulh-ian, at- 
tainted ; of Gragneskyen and Mohev, late possession of Con- 
nogher Reagh O'Mahown O'Mulrian, slain in rebellion in the 
west; and of Shaly, late possession of John Fitzjames Fitz 
Edmond O'Mulrian, slain in rebellion in the west : — Thomas 
Linch, the abbey of Rupecastle alias Hore Abbey : — Thomas 
Lamben, lands in Feddert :— Thomas Linch, the rectory ol 
Rayleston :~Robert Nangle, the rectory of Lessmullen and 
Rayleston : — Assigns of Peter Sherlocke, the lands of the late 
priory of Cahir :— Daniel O'Kelly, the friary of Athbowe, and 
of Anthinarte :— Edward Beecher, the town of Bealrohen, in 
the barony of Groghny O'Miilryan, late possession of Teig 
Fitzwilliam O'Mulrian, slain in rebellion in the west ; of 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 71 



[1606-7.] 



Curreigh Duffe and Downane, late possession of Donell Fitz 
Edmonde Fitz Teige O'Mulrian, and William Fitz Edmond 
O'Mullrian, slain in rebellion in the west ; of Tomoney, in 
tlie barony of Ikerryne, late possession of John alias Shane 
Leighe and Meigher, slain in rebellion in the west ; of Ball- 
mecloghy, late possession of Richard Purcell Fitzwilliam, 
slain in rebellion ; Ballycarnan, late possession of Donogh 
M'Edmonde O'Mullrian, slain in rebellion ; Dawgan Scallaghe, 
late possession of Ph. M'Donoghe grana O'Magher, attaioted ; 
and Mycknone, late possession of James Britton, attainted : — 
Jasper Horsey, the preceptory of Conawle alias Clonchall : — 
Robert Bostock, the rectory of Ardfynan, Rathronan, Mul- 
etston, and Kynolaghe : — Richard Nettervill, tithes of Bloyk 
Clovings Rathcoyle, Ballynelackyn, Moyowra alicts Moygore 
Drongan Fethert ; ' and tenements in Clonugher, and Rath- 
couthe : — Sir Henry Ratclyff, the friary of Moylagh : — Thomas 
Linche, the friary of Ardfynan : — Thomas Earl of Ormond, 
lands of the monastery of Athashell : — Edw. Sutton, the friary 
of St. Thomas in county Tipperary :— Francis Anesly, the 
rectory of Lisbonye : — Jo. Newton, the rectory of St. Peter, 
late possession of the monastery of Innistiocke. 



City of Waterford. 

Thomas Wise, a house near the Fleshambells [Flesh- 
shambles], late possession of the hospital of St. John of Je- 
rusalem : — Con. O'Coffy, the messuage late occupied by Ph. 
Bryan, late possession of the hospital of St. Thomas Martyr 
near Dublin : — Mayor, Sheriffs, and commons, the lands of 
the friary at Kilkillen alias Kilkellagh, and the Court house, 
near the Guildhall, late possession of the hospital of St, John 
of Jerusalem. 



Co. Waterford 

Daniel Crosse, licence for a ferry on the river of Dungar- 
van : — Rog, Dalton, the rectory of Dungarvan, Ringwonagh 
Egglysee : — George Wise, the preceptory of Killure, with its 
lands : — Ant, Power, lands of the preceptory of Crooke : — 
Sir Laurence Esmond, lands and tenements near the city of 
Waterford, late possessions of the abbey of St. Katherine, 
with other lands in Waterford, Kilkenny, Tipperary : — John 
Newton, tenements late in occupation of Henry Walsh, Robert 
Gibbes, Cardiffe, and Peter Walshe, late possessions of the 
monastery of St. Katharine near Waterford : — Roger Dalton, 
the friary of St. Augustine of Dungarvane : — Pa. Sherlocke, 
the lands of the abbey of Mothell. 



[1606-7.1 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 

The total amount of rents, &c. is as follows : — 

oL S« Co, (SL St €v» 

"^lt^ ■- -. 'To ''7 ly-'^' « « 

Meath ----- 1,160 6 

Westmeath- - - - - 349 2 7 

Kildare - - - - - 645 1 8 

Wicklow - - - - - 60 16 

Catherlagh 42 1 

Lowth - - - - . 718 19 
City Kilkenny - - ^^^170 64 
County „ - - 69 18 0/ 

Wexford - - - - - 339 3 6 

King's County - - - - 27 15 11 

^ - _ - . - 2 16 6 



Queen's County 



TownDrogheda - - - - 104 8 

City Waterford - - 70 15 01 254 16 6 

County „ - - 184 1 6J 



County 

Tipperary 

Cork 



Town Gallway 

Mayo 

Clare 

Koscommon 

Sligo_ 

Leitrim 



Antrim 
Down 



315 8 3 
204 1 



City Limerick - - 4 13 41 , oq ^g 3 

County „ - - 176 2 4/ 

Kerry - - - - - 56 4 4 

Gallway - - - ^^ ^ ^ I 108 6 4 

Town GaUwav - - 48 16 8 J 



133 16 10 
13 14 

115 11 8 

10 6 9 

3 4 

^'^^sH - - : : : ^« ,1 « 



78 2 10 
4 10 



Donegall - - - " "900 

City Derry - - - - " 13 4 

Cobaine - - " - " «. 1R s 

Monaghan - - - - " ^n 1^ I 

Fermangh - - - - " 39 {4 2 

Cavan - - - " - dZ 14 ^ 



6,392 18 5 
Making sterling - 4,714 13 9^ 

Pp. 194. Hfot dated, hut between July 1606 and December 
1607. 



IRELAND-— JAMES I. 73 



vol. 3, p. 127. 



1607. 

1607. 
Jan. 5. 101. Sir Ralpe Sidley's Account for the Plantation 

Philad. p., OF THE GrEAMES. 

State of the account between Sir Ralph Sidley, Knt., and 
the sept of the Greames, referred by the Right Honourable 
the Lord Deputy to the examination of Sir Thos. Ridgway, 
Knight, Treasurer at Wars in Ireland, and Sir Geffrey Fenton, 
Knight, Principal Secretary to His Majesty, viz. : — 

Received by Sir Ralph Sidley 300?., whereof — 

Paid unto them of the number of 17 accounted 
the better sort of the Greames, and for the 
carriage of the stuff of 8 of them from Dublin 
to Athlone, and to William Greame of Mea- 
dop, one of the said number, for part of 
stock money due to him only - - 27 13 8 

And paid likewise to 27 of the poorer sort of 
the Greames, for the payment of their stock 
and building money allowed to them - 145 16 4 



In all amounting to the sum of - - 173 10 

Which sum, according to the particulars within mentioned 
(except 11. to Christopher Greame to be given him of Sir 
Ralph's bounty), is acknowledged by themselves here or testi- 
fied by acquittances of the absent or confirmation thereof by 
such as are present. 

And so the said Sir Ralph Sidley remaineth indebted in 
the sum of 126?. 10s. 

There is a memorandum of some claims alleged by Sir 
Ralph Sidley for fines and rent, but denied by the Greames, 
alleging that they feared to venture to settle because' Sir Ralph 
had no power to make them estates. 

The Greames too requested that, as certain sums of money 
(accounted upon three of them) were disbursed by Sir Ralph 
Sedley's constable in building, if they should not settle where 
those houses were built, they should be granted the money 
the houses cost or be allowed to sell them. 

Touching the money detained by Sir Ralph for houses not 
yet built, the Greames demanded it in hand, to be employed 
in building in some other place. 

They also alleged that the King's letter had come for 
raising 500?. for their use in the country, but the referees say 



74 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

they found no proof of the same but the Greames' allegation, 
nor any other sum than 300?., mentioned in the articles. 
Signed : Th. Eidgeway ; Geff. Fenton. 
P. 1. Orig. Endd. : " To the K* HonMe the L^ Deputie. 
The report of S^^ Tho. Ridgeway & S^^ Geffry Fenton, Knights, 
tuchinge the state of the accompt between S^ Raph Sidley, 
Knight, and the Greames." 

Jan. 6. 102. Tho. Eidgway to the Earl of Salisbury. 

^vli' Sff 1^' ^^ pursuance of one of the passages in his last letters, 

exhibits by a draft here enclosed, both the present state of the 
Customs in this kingdom as now payable, and also an esti- 
mate to what higher sums they may be increased if all things 
concur accordingly. Requests that he will take it as contain- 
ing only a mei^e estimate of improvement ; for he has forborne 
as yet (without further notice from Salisbury) to seek out 
in any plain or public terms what will be ofiered by way of 
improvement. Upon trial the increase may happen to be 
double the sum herein projected, or perchance not so much as 
is here set down. Yet this is done upon his private conference 
(though in obscure terms) with one whose experience in these 
and the like matters of this kingdom is very great and of 
long continuance, and (as he yet takes it) his honesty answer- 
able. 

Besides the generally reputed idleness of the people of this 
nation, he observes, since his coming, the following principal 
causes of the decay of trade and bare intercourse of traffic 
here, and so by consequence, of the small income of customs 
depending thereon. One is the universal want and scarcity of 
money throughout this realm, which must set on foot all mer- 
chandising, according to the Spanish merchant's saying, He 
who will adventure to the Indies must carry the Indies with 
him. Another cause is the overruling privileges of most or all 
the port towns, where, upon the arrival of any ship whatso- 
ever, they enforce the merchant to stay fourteen days at least 
without selling any part of his wares to any other, and after- 
wards at his leisure and their own poor and dilatory manner 
of payment, the townsmen engross it to themselves, which all 
merchants naturally abhor. The third is a wilful peevishness 
and perverseness in the popish and hollow-hearted merchants 
themselves (grown as they say upon urging of the oath of 
supremacy and coming to church), rather to desist from traf- 
ficking than by their adventures to bring in anything that 
may prove any way beneficial to the English, especially to 
those in place of justice, as in the case of wines this last year. 
A fourth cause seems to be the late bare returns which are 
made from Spain ; to which may be added (as a principal cause 
of the mean apparel of the customs in Ireland), that before 
his (Ridgway's) coming, there was not any one officer of 
the custom houses throughout this kingdom who was either 
bound by oath, recognizance, or bond, or did at any time put 



IRELAND — JAMES I. 75 



1607. 

into the Exchequer any custom book or port bond. Eefrains 
to write further at this present of any other matters, the Lord 
Deputy and Council intending to send by this same passage, 
— The Treasury, near Dublin, 6 January 1606. 

Pp.^l. Signed. Add. Endd. : "The Treasurer of Ire- 
land. Trade.'" Encloses, 

S.P., Ireland, IQS. SCHEME FOR INCREASING THE REVENUE. 

' " ' ' * The King's Revenue may he increased. 

Rents. — 1. By reviving many ancient rents reserved upon 
grants, which, hy the negligence of officers, and for want of a 
clear passage of justice throughout the kingdom in times past, 
have been long concealed. 

Tenures. — 2, By reviving many tenures of His Majesty, 
\vhich, for lach of searching into the ancient records, and hy 
corruption of the escheators informer times, have been turned 
into tenures of common persons, to the prejudice of the 
Crown, in wardships, liveries, intrusions, respect of homage, 
reliefs, escheats, &c. 

Concealed lands. — 3. By reducing to the Croivn great 
quantities of concealed lands whereunto the King^s title hath 
long slept, and by reason of the troubles in this Jcingdom, 
hath never been looked into. 

Reliefs. — 4. By sending out process for reliefs, which, either 
through negligence or ignorance, have not been written for 
these m,any years, for there are many undertakers in Moun- 
ster, and other freeholders, tuho, holding at rents payable to 
the King, ought to pay the value of the rents for their reliefs, 
and have not paid any these many years. 

Probatur fines ivpon grants of wardships. — 5. By imposing 
greater fines upon grants of wardships, liveries, and intru- 
sions ; these are commonly given away for little or nothing, 
because they have been allowed to the Deputy, being Master of 
the Wards, to be by him bestowed upon his followers. The 
Lord Deputy might have some other recompense for it, which 
might be more beneficial to him, ccnd less loss to His Majesty. 

Lands and goods of traitors. — 6. Lands and goods of 
traitors, felons, and outlaius, for which there "must be com- 
missions sent from time to time to the escheators and other 
onen of credit and trust to inquire of these in every county. 

First fruits and twentieth part. — 7. The first fruits and 
tiventieth part to be better looked into than they have been 
heretofore. 

Faculties. — 8. Composition for faculties and dispensations, 
luhich now yield the King little or no profit, ought to be 
accounted for in a better manner, for it appears in the Pipe 
Office that there luere, in the Queen^s time, five hundred pounds 
a year accounted for them. 

Pardons. — 9. There should be some certain fines imposed 
upon pardons of treason, felony, &c., videlicet : — a nobleman 
to pay to the King for a fine for his pardon ten pounds, a 



76 IRELAND-— JAMES I. 

1607. 

hnight Jive pounds, an esquire five marks, a gentleman or 
merchant forty shillings, an artificer or husbandman twenty 
shillings, which fine should he paid by all, unless in the case 
of such as ought to have their pardon of course by the law 
of the land. 

Perquisites of the Courts of Justice. — 10. Out of His 
Majesty^ s Courts of Justice, might he raised a great revenue, 
if the same were duly paid to the King^s coffers as it is in 
England. 

Prohatur. — Recognizances forfeited, which are now for the 
most part remitted, and sometimes granted away, so that 
there is little benefit made of them to the King. 

Great seal. — An imposition might be laid upon the great 
seal ; for whereas the King hath now but two shillings six 
pence for every great seal, they should pay to His Majesty for 
the great seal, besides the fees of the Chancellor, and Master 
of the Rolls, and Clerk of the Hanaper, for a charter or for a 
fee simple, forty shillings sterling. For a fee farm, or for 
a fee tail, thirty shillings sterling. For a lease for lives or 
years, ttuenty shillings sterling. For any pardon, twenty 
shillings sterling. For a livery, <&c., twenty shillings ster- 
ling. 

Seal of commissions. — For sealing of commissions accord- 
ing to the rates of England. 

Seal of writs. — For seating all manner of writs in all the 
five courts according to the rates of England. 

His Majesty's Customs may be improved to a far 
greater value than noiu they are, viz : — 

The great customs might he raised to 300?. per annum. 
The petty customs of Bd. of the pound of strangers might 
be brought to - - - - - 300Z. per annum. 

For this there must he an Act of Parliament that 
all strangers and others may freely come and trade in 
all parts of this kingdom, notwithstanding any former 
charters, privileges, prescriptions, or usages to the con- 
trary, and that the charter for the Trinity guild, in 
Dublin may he repealed, which is the break-neck of 
all the trades of English or strangers to that city. 

The poundage of 12d a pound, if the freemen of Dublin, 
Waterford, and Drogheda might he compelled to pay it 
as well as others, would amount to lO^OOOZ. per an- 
num,. 

There must be an Act of Parliament to repeal the 
proviso in the Act of 15 Hen. 7, whereby the freemen 
of Dublin, Waterford, and Drogheda are exempted 
from paying of poundage. And besides the lease 
made to Chetham , and Longe of the customs and 
poundage of Wexford, and of all the province of 
Mounster,for 1201. per annum must he compounded 



IRELAND— JAJMES I. 77 



1607. 

for, which wilt he done for a small matter, because the 
Lord Deputy hath a recognizance of them to surrender 
their lease when they should he required by him to 
do it. 

The licensing and laying a good imposition upon all pro- 
hibited wares will come to 5,000Z. per annum. The 
license for transporting of yarn made to Mr. Blunt, 
and the lease in reversion thereof made to Mr. West, 
and the lease for licensing of prohibited wares through- 
out the realm for fourscore pounds, Irish, per annum., 
made to Hibhot and Longe, are to be compounded for 
and resumed, and the best benefit of these must he made 
to rise to the King himself, which will amount to five 
thousand pounds per annum at least, for they take 
thirty shillings sterling for every pack of yarn, and the 
King is paid but four shillings custom. 

The impost of wines tuill amount to 3,000Z. per annum. 
The lease made thereof to the Lady Brunkar and the 
lease made in reversion to my Lord Hayes must be 
compounded for and resumed, that the whole profit 
may rise to the King, but in any case none of these 
must he farmed out. 

Pp. 6. Endd. 

Jan. 14, 104. Sir Akthur Chichester to the Earl of Salisbury. 

^'■^i' '99 w^' ^^ hath pleased God to take from them Mr, Humpstowne, 

late Bishop of Down and Connor. Is particularly tied to 
have a careful regard to the choice of a good and syfficient 
man for that see, as it hath pleased the King to bestow 
on him the government of Knockfergus during his life, and 
as his small portion of land lies within that diocese, whereby 
he is like to spend the most part of his time there when 
discharged from the place he now holds. Acknowledges 
one of the principal cares for this kingdom's reformation is 
the choice of Bishops, out of which, he is induced to recom- 
mend the bearer. Doctor Todd, Dean of Cashell, and preacher 
of God's Word, a man well known to my Lord of Canterbury. 
Is hopeful that by his industry, advice, and example, much 
furtherance will be given to the reformation of religion in 
those parts. Suggests the annexing the small bishopric lying 
within the county of Down, named Dromore, which was ever 
a very poor thing, to this of Down and Connor. Was re- 
quired by letters from His Majesty last year to annex it and 
Kylfennora to the Bishopric of Limerick. Kylfennora he 
passed by reason it lay near to Limerick, and made stay of 
Dromore, and gave that Bishop a more convenient living by 
commendam, near unto him, this of Dromore being above 
150 miles from Limerick. Now these livings lying near 
together, wholly within the two counties of Down and 
Antrim, they serve conveniently to be so annexed. For Dro- 



voi, 221,4. 



78 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

more, lie is credibly informed it is not worth 201. a year, and 
Down and Connor not above 120?. at the most. Wishes 
these dignities to this Doctor before most others in this king- 
dom, by reason he is of an active and stirring disposition, 
and will serve in the civil law, which will give good further- 
ance to the reformation of those parts, and will enjoin him 
to build at Dromore, as he advised Mr. Humpstowne, upon 
part of his bishopric at Knockfergus, which is some ornament 
to that see, and hath made the place the more ajQPected and 
esteemed; Down and Connor hath no dean nor chapter, 
but the church is governed, and the livings disposed by the 
Bishop and his clergy ; there is a dean belonging to Dro- 
more, whose living is very small, and yet as good as the 
bishopric. Wishes it would please His Majesty to annex 
those dignities and reserve a competent living for the dean, 
who may be disposed for dean to that see being wholly an- 
nexed and united in one. If not annexed to that of Down 
and Connor, then some care must be taken of it otherwise, for 
albeit it was passed in custodiam to Mr. Lewis Jonnes, vicar 
of Ardee, by the late Lord Lieutenant, who is an honest man, 
and a preacher of the Word of God ; yet he lives not upon it, 
by reason there is not a house nor other commodity belonging 
unto it ; whereby Sir Arthur Magnese [Magennis] assumes 
both the authority and profit, it being wholly within his 
country of Evagh [Iveagh], and surely it will be the best 
course to annex it upon whomsoever the King please to 
bestow it, and to have a provisional care of the dean, until it 
it may be confirmed by Parliament. 
• There is another bishopric lately fallen void in Connaught, 

named KylaUa [Killala], by the death of Owen O'Connore, 
uncle to Sir Donnogh O'Connore Slego. Is informed it is 
not worth above 20l by the year, besides two parsonages, 
which are the King's, and were passed unto him in com- 
mendam, they both being worth some 201. more. There is 
another named Ardcourie, which hath lain longer void, being 
worth 201. a year more. These two livings lie in the coun- 
ties of Mayo and Sligo, and are such poor things as few will 
seek after them, unless it be some silly man who will con- 
tent himself with a little without means to support it, and 
smaUy attend the advancement of the Gospel or reformation 
of the people. But here they cannot dispose them without 
directions from His Majesty. Sends all the bishoprics in this 
kingdom rated for their first fruits, except Downe and Con- 
nor, Dyrrie, Rapho, Clogher, and Dromore, all lying in Ulster, 
which shall be rated according to the Statute. Thought 
meet to acquaint him therewith, and to recommend the fittest 
and worthiest from hence, and has lately been the means^ to 
prefer Mr. Moygnes (whom Salisbury recommended unto him) 
to the deanery of St. Patrick's upon the free resignation of 
Mr. Ryder, the former dean, in which place he hopes he will 
do much good. — Dublin, 14 January 1606. 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 79 



vol. 221, 5. 



1607. 

Takes opportunity by this postscript to acknowledge re- 
ceipt of the letters by Mr, Byrchinshawe, delivered to him 
the 28th of the last, which was long after the date of them. 
By the next he shall understand what they can with safety 
reserve by way of defalcation from the wards and com- 
panies, to be employed towards the necessary charges in forti- 
fication and repairs of forts and other works, according to 
his letters signifying the King's pleasure in that kind. The 
Earl of Tyrone is come unto him since he began these letters. 
Will confer with him in the points mentioned in Salisbury's 
last, and return what he learns. 

P'p. 4. Signed. Add. Endd. Seal. 

Jan. 16. 105. Sir Arthur Chichester to Sir John Davys, Attorney 

Carte Papers, General. 

' ^" ■ Warrant to draw a, fiant, pursuant to the letters of the 

Lords of the Council, with His Majesty's pleasure, of a pen- 
sion of 4s. a day, then enjoyed by William Bourke, to John 
Ashe for his life. — Dublin, 16 January 1606. 

P. ^. Orig. Add. Endd. : " Warrant for a pension of 4 
shillings per diem to Mr. John Ashe. January 1606." 

Jan. 17. 106. Deputy and Council to the Lords of the Council. 

^'^^\ '^9^f °n' Captain Gerrott Fleminge, a gentleman of extraordinary 

desert in His Majesty's service (whereof he hath good testi- 
mony both from the late Lord Lieutenant and Sir George 
Carew, late Lord President of Mounster), hath sued for license 
to repair to them, and that they would commend his suit, 
which standeth upon two points. The first is, that, whereas 
he holdeth the abbey of Kenlis [Kells] in the county of Meath, 
part in fee farm, to the value of Ql. 6s. 8d. yearly, part which 
lieth in the county of Cavan and other Irish countries, in 
lease for 18 years to come, at the rent of ISl. 13s. 4d. Irish, 
His Majesty would accept his surrender of that part he 
hath in fee farm, and grant a like estate of the whole abbej'". 
The other part of his suit is, that being disappointed of the 
fee farm of certain parcels of lands in Leix and Ofaly, amount- 
ing to 13Z. sterling per annum, directed for him by Her late 
Majesty's letters, which parcels, or most of them, were before 
his return passed unto others, it would now please His 
Majesty to bestow upon him a fee farm of like value of ISl. 
per annnm of such lands as he can find out there. This his 
humble suit, due in consideration of his merit, the great loss 
he hath sustained both in his goods and body (being wholly 
maimed of one of his legs), and the honourable testimony he 
hath to show of his worth and service at Kinsale since the 
obtaining of Her said late Majesty's letters, they could not re- 
fuse to recommend to their Lordships' favour ; and the rather 
because he has begun to build a castle in the county of Cavan, 
and to inhabit a piece of waste lands he has purchased there, 
in which they would be glad to give him all the encourage- 



80 IRELAND— JAMES 1. 

1607. 

ment they could. To save the ^jords from his importunity 
(perceiving in him a purpose to be a suitor for some pension 
beside the former suits), they have persuaded him to stay 
here, and to trust to these their letters, and the diligence of 
Mr. Hadsor, his kinsman, to solicit their Lordships in his 
business ; in vrhich respect they are the more humbly bold to 
beseech their favours. — Castle of Dublin, 17 January 1606. 

Signed : Arth. Chichester, Tho. Dublin, Cane, Th. Ridge- 
way, James Ley, Humffrey Winche, Anth. Sentleger, 01. 
Lambert, 01. St. John, Ja. Fullertone. 

Pp. 2. Add. Seal. Endd. 

Jan. 19. 107. The King to Sm Arthur Chichester. 

yXY' ^85 ^^ g^^^* *^® °^^® ^^ Provost Marshal of Munster, lately 

held by Sir Ellys Jones, Knight, deceased, to Hercules Francis 
Cooke, Gent., son, of Sir Anthony Cooke, Knight, for life, in as 
ample a manner and vp-ith all such profits of the said Ellys 
Jones or Sir George Thornton, or any other Provost Marshal 
of Munster held the same. — Westminster, 19 January 1607. 

P\. Signed. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: 
" From the Kinges M^e in the behalfe of Mr. Cooke for the 
office of Provost Marshal of Munster. Re. the 28tii of March 
1607, before y^hfi^ it was past under seale to Mr. Bassett." 

Jan. 20. 108. Mayor and Sheriffs of Waterford to Salisbury. 

^•■^•' oof ^6^' ^^^ greatness of the present distress of this poor place, and 

' ' the ancestral patronage and care thereof descended to him 

(Salisbury) emboldeneth them to ofier to his consideration 
how upon a lease made of the customs and other perquisites 
in that kingdom all their whole liberties in effect are drawn 
in question by Quo warranto in His Majesty's chief place 
at Dublin. And howbeit they make small question but 
that the law doth afford them a just defence in all those 
businesses, their grants of all those things upon the deserts 
of their ancestors being both large and effectual, yet their 
poor commonwealth (by the oft remove of officers, the draw- 
ing away, fining, and imprisonment of their people, and the 
election of such for their heads which they must fall unto for 
their conformity, as are otherwise for zeal or wisdom altogether 
unworthy of any magistracy) is waxing altogether unable, 
and consequently hopeless of the due success the law would 
yield, their means by those occasions being so desperately 
engaged. Such are the present extremities of this poor 
corporation, so amazed and stricken are they with the present 
calamities, that they want ordinary sense to aim at this or 
that particular for their good, and only with hopeful patience 
humbly attend for relief and comfort at his Honour's hand. — 
. Waterford, 20 January 1606. 

Signed : Stephen Leonard, Mayor of Waterford ; George 
Lea, Sheriff; John Brown, Sheriff. 

P. 1. Add. Endd. Sealed. 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 81 



1607. 
Jan. 20. 109. Sm Arthur Chichester to Sir John Davys, Attorney- 
Carte Papers, General. 

Warrant to draw a fiant of a surrender to His Majesty of 
the office of Clerk of the Crown in Chancery by John King, 
and a re-grant of the office to him and Francis Edge worth 
jointly. — Dublin Castle, 20 January 1606. 

P. ^. Oifig. Add. Not endd. 

Jan. 20. 110. Same to Same. 

^r*fii '^n^i^74 Warrant for a fiant of a surrender to His Majesty of the 

office of Clerk and Custos of the Hanaper of His Majesty's 
Court of Chancery by John King, and a re-grant of same to 
said John King and Francis Edgeworth jointly. — Dublin, 20 
January 1606. 

P. |. Orig. Add. Not endd. 



vol. 61, p. 174. 



voL 221, 7. 



Jan. 21. 111. Deputy and Council to the Lords of the Council. 

^'J^^' ^^^"""f' The 28th of last month they received by Mr. Birchensha 

their letter of the 14th November, with a schedule of many 
particulars for diminishing so much of His Majesty's charge 
as might countervail the increase of the soldier's pay. And 
though they make it their care and study to lessen the King's 
charge and increase his profit, yet their duties bind them to 
prefer the safety and advancement of His Majesty's service 
before both. It was therefore not altogether with purpose to 
lessen His Majesty's charge, which had already been brought 
as low as with safety could be advised, and had been seldom 
less when Ulster was not taken into the protection of the 
law, where most of their forces are placed, and yet too few to 
bridle the insolency and eruptions of the ill-disposed liber- 
tines of those parts, that moved him, the Deputy, to give Mr. 
Birchenshaw that memorial touching the abatement of some 
wards, but principally out of that abatement to erect new 
wards at Colrane, Borrishowle, and Sligo, and to defray the 
charge of provost marshals and other extraordinaries required 
by His Majesty's letters, and their appostils to some proposi- 
tions made by him the Deputy. But the increase of the 
soldier's pa}'- they propounded, not in regard of any abatement 
of the forces to countervail that increase (which cannot be done 
without great inconvenience and danger), but out of tlieir 
great commiseration of the poor men's naked and miserable 
estate. And having been required to search the Council books 
and other records, and certify what pay the soldier received 
when they had no cesse, and whether they had cesse and pay 
at one time, they found it certified to be 8d. sterling per diem 
to all companies, and most of the wards paid out of the trea- 
sure when they had no cesse, and that at a time when all 
things were cheaper than now, for at that present (howsoever 
the Lords are otherwise informed), they that live upon their 
purses there aad must buy as the market goes, find all things 
dearer than in London ; for first, such commodities as are 

2. ■ F 



82 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

brouglit from England, as merchandise for apparel and sundry- 
other necessaries, are a third dearer than in England ; and 
coals for firing are ordinarily sold for 20s. or fonr nobles of 
their (English) money the tun ; and for other provisions neither 
peace nor scarcity of money (which in all reason should bring 
all things to easy rates^, makes these markets more cheap 
as yet, by reason that the country people are not so desirous 
of money, as they are of cattle to increase their stocks, and 
sell no more than of necessity they must to answer their other 
urgent occasions. Besides every man's particular care to stock 
and inhabit his lands, left waste and desolate by the rebellion, 
holds up the prices of all things, and so is likely to continue 
till the countrj'^ be inhabited as it was before the rebellion ; 
neither can it be expected (if the many thousands of cattle 
which have been destroyed and consumed in the late rebelhon 
be considered) that there should be so great an increase out 
of so small a quantity left as should within so short a time 
bring forth that cheapness that they (the Lords) are informed 
of. In consideration whereof they confidently hope for their 
former entertainments ; and this the rather since the name 
of sterling is abolished by proclamation, and in all payments 
and receipts by the name of Irish, the silver harp passes for 
12d., and all payments and receipts by the name of sterling 
are to be made and taken after IQd. Irish ; and most of their 
entertainments being given by the name of sterling, they pre- 
sume they shall accordingly receive it and so much the more 
as His Majesty's receipts, by virtue of the said proclamation, 
will exceed the charge of his payments in that kind. And 
for the soldiers, they could better live upon 8d. Irish, in time 
of war (if they garrisoned in any place where victual could 
be bought for money), than at this present they can for Hd. 
English, by reason the composition was then broken and the 
country open for them to cesse upon, besides the advantage 
they made by booties and preys from the rebel. And with 
respect to what the Lords write that the soldier's entertain- 
ment was increased in the time of the late Queen to avoid 
extreme cesse upon the country, the better to draw the people 
to a composition wherein they find now such ease, as that they 
will not willingly break the same, they are of the same 
opinion ; but beg leave to remind their Lordships that the 
composition may as well be broken by His Majesty as by the 
country ; for if at any time they (the Deputy and Council) 
shall want means to pay the soldiers, they have no other 
remedy but to relieve them upon the country, which is a 
breach of the composition. They, therefore, humbly beseech 
their Lordships that the treasure from henceforth *be sent in 
seasonable time, that they be not forced continually to impor- 
tune them in this kind, nor to borrow money which is every 
day less possible to be gotten. Thank them for sending 
Mr. Treasurer with the late sum of 16,400^. and for dis- 
charging their credits in paying such moneys as they bor- 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 83 



1607. 



rowed before he entered into his office ; albeit well-nigh half 
was presently issued here for moneys borrowed since the 
1st of July to the time of his arrival^ and one other part 
instantly expended in paying what was due to the 1st of 
October, and the residue stretched forth to retain the soldiers 
and other servitors till towards the midst of December, but 
not near to full pay them; and if they hasten not the trea- 
sure, they shall make the same reckoning of that which is 
now to come. Entreat them to send a quarterly payment of 
12,000^,, and then they hope not to be henceforth so trouble- 
some. And to enquire and consider as well what hath been 
the charge already expended upon the two forts of Hale- 
bowlinge and Castle Parke, what the use of them may be 
both in peace and war, and whether they be places of that 
import and consequence as are necessary to be maintained ; 
and also to estimate the charge required to make them de- 
fensible, according to the plot already begun, and whether 
they may not be made less and yet serve to the same pur- 
pose, which, as they conceive, is to secure those harbours and 
to impeach the ships riding near them. Upon return whereof 
they will be better able to give them that satisfaction they 
expect ; for the present they can only assure them that 
neither Halebowlinge nor Castle Parke were half perfected 
as hath been informed. With regard to the imputation of 
neglect in the musters cast upon them, that charge is com- 
mitted to Sir James Fullerton, whom they find both wise and 
careful in his place ; and as for him, the Deputy, they may weU. 
think that if he knew of any such notable defects he would 
be more willing than any man to have them amended, his 
interest therein being no less than the hazard of his reputa- 
tion and life, he knows not how soon, but as occasion may be 
offered. And for those musters which were taken the last 
harvest, of the companies and wards, both the officers of the 
musters and the captains and constables may be reasonably 
excused, for it is well known that in time of quiet, such 
soldiers as are skilful in harvest work will be ever importu- 
nate with their captain or officers to have leisui'e to benefit 
themselves that time of the year ; and some are forced by 
necessity to work, the better to 'provide them with clothes 
and other necessaries, which in these times they have not dis- 
allowed. One cause of abuse is that the controller and com- 
missaries of musters being paid out of cheques, they lessen 
the numbers, in order that out of them they may receive their 
entertainments, as they will find it, how just or unjust soever ; 
which sometimes occasions captains and constables to lessen 
their numbers, finding the strong as well as the weak alike 
subject to endure a cheque. It is true that the captains of 
this small remnant of an army are gentlemen of extra- 
ordinary sufficiency and desert, and have managed principal 
places of command in the wars, for the meanest of them 
(except only Mr. Paulett, who came lately over) hath been 

F 2 



84 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

either a governor, a corronell, or lieutenant-corronell, and all 
of them of so good carriage and fashion as they cannot think 
them to be so little regardful of their reputations as justly to 
incur any ill opinion of them in this kind ; and they who 
have lived long with them and know them well, are verily 
persuaded, that if the necessity of their estates, and such 
poor settlements as they have made here by marriage, or 
otherwise, did not hold them to this employment, they would 
never sit down with the fortune of a company of 50 ; and if 
the regard of their credits do not bridle them from those 
abuses, their pay of 1 Od a day wUl little restrain them, being 
indeed but 7s. 6d. without any other help, where formerly 
they were never allowed less than a company of 100, for 
the command of which they always received 4s. sterling a 
day, and ten or six dead pays, and so proportionably for 
greater numbers, many of their numbers having been 200. 
And where they (the Lords) write of 2s. per diem for a cap- 
tain's pay of 50, they who have followed the wars have not in 
their time seen any such companies, but, as they said before, 
are persuaded that these gentlemen would rather seek new 
fortunes than undertake any such charge. With regard to 
paying the soldiers^by poUe, the captain being then charged 
but with his own entertainment, cannot be demanded to give 
his acquittance for more than he receives ; and if the pay- 
master shall take every particular officer and soldier's ac- 
quittance, it will make the treasurer's account cumbersome 
and himself subject to much danger ; and further, the captain 
finding the care of the soldier in this kind cast upon the com- 
missary and paymaster, will so leave it, when they (the Deputy 
and Council) assure themselves the paymaster shall find more 
hands to receive money than the captain shall do to fight ; 
and whereas they are at present summoned by the captains 
in time of the soldiers' want, to consider and relieve their 
necessities, they shall be then subject to the extreme clamours 
of every particular officer and private soldier, which would 
prove intolerable, and though great garrisons (where money 
and paymasters lie together) may be paid by poUe, they think 
it there in Ireland almost impossible. 

It remains to give an account of their proceedings in the 
matters proposed in the schedule and directed by their (the 
Lords') letters, which stand upon these four points; — The 
abating of the wards ; the reducing of the companies to 50, 
officers and all ; the discharge of the boats ; and the calling 
in question some patentees in a course of law. What they 
have done in the two first may be perceived by their enclosed 
note, which they had resolved on, after many debates, upon 
advertisements from Mr. Paulett at the Derry, and Sir Richard 
Hand sore from the Liffer, that one Caffer oge Odonell and 
Neale M'Swine^ both active young men, near kinsmen to the 
Earl of Tirconnell and Sir Neale Odonell, and generally well- 
beloved among those people, have possessed themselves of the 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 85 



1607. 



castle of Doe, in the county of Donegall, and victual and 
man it, and have sent to all the loose men of Tyrone and 
those borders to join with them, giving it out that they are 
wronged by the Earl of Tirconnell, who keeps their lands 
from them, under colour of the King's patent. And albeit 
we have upon their former complaints in our last journey 
made several orders very favourable in their behalf, yet no 
course (as it seems) will please them but force. They have 
already taken some 100 cows from the neighbours adjoining, 
and are, within and abroad, some threescore persons, and use all 
means to get and make arms. Thereupon he, the Deputy, has 
given directions to Sir Richard Handsore [Handsarde] and 
Mr. Paulett to send for them to appear and declare their 
griefs, a.nd if they refase to come (as it is thought they will), 
then they are to call for assistance to the Earl of Tirconnell 
(who is by the King's appointment lieutenant of that country), 
and with it and their own forces to invest them within the 
castle, or to stay them from doing further mischief, until they 
(the Deputy and Council) can provide better to suppress 
them. There are other loose kerne broken out upon the 
borders of Tyrone and Antrime, and others have done the 
like in sundry other parts of the kingdom, often within 
these two years, many of which embers they have cut off, 
without giving particular advertisement to them (the Lords) 
in matters of this nature, and would have been silent in this, 
were it not to assure them of the truth that all parts are not 
so quiet and in good order as it seems they have been in- 
formed ; for they know assuredly that, if some of the King's 
forces and discreet officers were not lodged upon those 
borders, these men and their like would do much hurt 
before they were restrained, and make it a plain rebellion 
when they should send to suppress them. And it is an old 
saying and apparent by experience, that most of this nation 
is never in good order longer than the sword is over their 
heads ; which makes them (the Deputy and Council) keep 
themselves in show as strong as they may to master 
them, for opinion with them is almost of as great moment 
as force. And, therefore, they held it safest not to discharge 
any of the companies, but to take those pays by way of 
defalcation ; that so no public notice might be taken of any 
further discharge, and that the companies upon all occasions 
may be made strong again, and yet as much as they 
desired saved towards the performing of sundry necessary 
works. 

For the boats at Loughfoyle, Ballishanen, and Masserine, 
which is seated on Lough Sydnie [Lough Neagh], if the 
boats shall be dissolved, those forts will stand subject to 
much hazard ; for if the country should once perceive that 
those places expected no relief by the boats, they would 
study to make all passages difficult, and to hinder the access 
of relief overland, of which they (the Deputy and Council) 



86 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

have had good experience fresh in memory. If they can 

bring the charge of their repairs within the ordinary charge 

of the establishment, it is the most that can be expected 

without danger of a greater inconvenience. 

For the patentees, they have given the King's learned 
Counsel a list of them, who are to call them in question 
before the judges. They have lately received their Lord- 
ships' letters touching the division of Monahan, Ferman- 
nagh, and Cavan, which will require some longer time to 
be thoroughly considered of, than that they can give an 
answer thereunto at that moment, but shortly they shall 
be advertised to the particulars of those letters. — Castle of 
Dublin, 21 January 1606. 

Sigtud : Arth. Chichester, Thos. Dublin, Cane, Th, 
E/idgeway, James Ley, Humflrey Winch, Anth. Sentleger, 
01. Lambert, 01. St. John, Jas. Fullertone, Jeff. Fenton, 
Henry Heringprow. 

P|). 9. Add. Endd. Encloses, 

S.P., Ireland, 112. Wards., 

' ' ' Tristam Eccleston, Constable of Dublin Castle, ten warders, at 
Qd. le inece. 

This ward ought to be increased. The Constable's fee is out 
of the revenue. 

8iT Henry Power, Constable of the Fort of Maryborough, 
himself at 18c?., a porter at 12c?., and 16 warders at Qd. 
le piece ; Sir Gerrott Moore, Constable of the Fort of 
Phillipstone, himself at 18c?., and 12 warders at Qd. the 

piece. 

These forts must be amended, especially that of PhyUip's 
Town, which is altogether ruinous. After which, those 
that have passed the land must keep and maintain them in 
continual reparations by strict commandment. 

Nicholas Bagnall, Constable of Laughlyn Bridge, himself at 
3s., and 20 warders at 6d. the piece. 

This may be abated. 

Sir Richard Mesone [Mastersonl, Constable of Wexford 
Castle, 10 warders at 6d. the piece. 

The Constable is paid out of the revenue. 

Sir Lawrence Esmond, Constable of the Fort of Duncannon, 
himself at Ss. '^d., lieutenant, 18c?., and 30 warders at Qd. 
the piece. 
This may be abated. 

Captain Roger Lang ford, Constable of the Castle of Carrig- 
fergus, himself at 3s. 4c?., and 15 warders at Sd. the 
piece. 

This ought to be 20, 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 87 

1607. 

John Dallway, Constable of the Palace of Garrigfergus, him- 
self at 2s. 8d., and five warders at 8d. the piece. 

This may be altogether discharged, and its -warders being 
given him by patent during good behaviour, and to one 
Woods in reversion, a noble or six shillings a day in pen- 
sion -will content the patentee. 

Sir George Gary, Knight, Constable of the Castle of Dungar- 
von, himself at 4s., a porter at 12d., and 20 warders at 8d. 
the piece. 

AH the land is passed, and the ward to no great purpose, a 
constable, a porter, and a housekeeper, -will suffice. 

Sir Thomas Roper, Constable of Castlemaigne, himself at 
2s. Sd., 4 horsemen at 6f cZ. the piece, and 13 footmen at Qd. 
the piece ; Sir Francis Barhley, Constable of our Castle of 
Limerick, hiviself at 3s., a porter at 9d., canonier 16cZ., 
and 28 warders at 8d. the piece. 

This may be brought to 20 warders. 

The Earl of Clanricard, Constable of Athlone Castle, himself 
at VJl. 10s. per annuvi and 20 warders at 6d. the piece ; 
John Kinge, Constable of the Abbey of Boile, himself at 
Bs. 4:d., and 15 footmen at 8d. the piece; Captain Henry 
Skipwith, Constable of Castle Park, himself at 5s., lieu- 
tenant, 18d., gunner, 12d., and 20 soldiers at 8d. the piece ; 
and Sir Francis Slingsby, Constable of Halboling, himself, 
officers, and warders, at the rojtes aforesaid. 

Of these two wards I have formerly, in other letters, given 
my opinion. 

Archie Moore, Coiistable of Balliiucarre, himself at 2s., and 
6 warders at 8d. the piece ; Captain Anthony Smith, Con- 
stable of the Castle of the Moiry, himself at 4s,, porter at 
12d., and 16 ivarders at 8d. the piece. 

I have ever lessened these by four. 
Pp. 2. 

Jan. 21. 113. SiE Geoffrey Fenton to the Earl of Salisbury. 

S.P., Ireland, Forbears to enlarge upon the general letter of the Deputy 

' ■ and Council now sent, containing an answer to his (Salis- 

bury's) late despatch brought by Mr. Birchen shaw ; having 
been present at the consultation and resolution of all the 
reasons and arguments ; yet inasmuch as the letter passeth 
without so much as a mention made of religion or church 
reformation, and considering what a main step it is for settling 
of the civil affairs, to hold entire and firm the true worship- 
ping of God in such a coldness of time as beginneth now to 
grow upon them here, is bold in his wonted humble manner 
to appeal to his Lordship's particular zeal for some speedy 
remedy to be directed from thence, lest this sudden coldness 
should in short time draw on another downfall of God's true 
religion which has begun to be planted here. For his part, 



88 lEELAND— JAMES T. 

1607. 

though it fitteth him better to bemoan than to advise, yet 
seeing that by experience of many years he has observed 
where the evil hath grown and how it may be remedied, he 
is tied by a double bond towards God and His Majesty not to 
keep silence in a cause of this nature, howsoever his strength 
hath been too much weakened to do the good which other- 
wise he both ought and would. Begs his Lordship to call to 
mind that not long since there was a meaning to send froin 
thence a convenient number of learned and discreet preachers 
to supply the ministry in the civil parts of this realm, specially 
in the English Pale and corporate towns ; and in order to 
make preparations here for so good a work so far as lay 
in the power of this State, directions went out from the Lord 
Deputy to all the Bishops in the realm to certify the true 
estate of their churches within their several dioceses, but 
specially to set down under their hands a true valuation of 
all the church livings within their charge, and how the cures 
were supplied with incumbents. But of this little hath 
ensued, other than certain gross collections made by some of 
the Lords of the clergy, and those fuU of abuses and deformi- 
ties touching the state of the church ; such as will hardly be 
reformed without a stronger hand to be joined to them, such 
as may go through every diocese in a course of visitation, 
whereby will be found out many errors, which by other means 
wiU not be brought to light. 

Humbly wishes that, for the effecting of this project, and the 
better to prepare competent livings for such ministers as shall 
be sent out of England, some visitors may be sent over ; men 
of understanding and uprightness, and that they may be joined 
with some others here, who, quartering themselves into due 
numbers might soon run through all the dioceses in the realm, 
and set open a door for a learned ministry to enter with com- 
petent provision for their maintenance, besides the repurging 
of the church of many deformities which by other means will 
hardly be done ; for it is to be hoped that their visitation will 
be ad reformandwrrh and not ad lucrandum, as in the late 
corrupt times hath been used. It will no doubt draw a new 
charge to His Majesty ; but on the other side, it may be 
answered that the fruits and benefit will acquit the charges ; 
and, where the cause of Almighty God is in question, there the 
expenses are nob to be weighed, for that it is so much money 
cast into the Lord's treasury to serve to the repairing of 
His temple. Till this be done, it is but to begin at the 
wrong end. Beseeches him let this be secret, lest how honest 
soever his meaning be, it may receive sinister construction by 
some who may procure envy to him, of which he has tasted 
too much already. — Dublin, 21 January 1606. 

The Catholics here are of late risen into greater stomach 
against religion than before, not forbearing to defend their 
recusancy in public, to the great contempt of His Majesty's 
proclamations and other mild means used by the State to 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 89 



Tol. 221, 12, 



1G07. 

recover them. It is not unlike, but that this new obstinacy 
groweth out of some advertisements sent from their great 
agent remaining still about the Cou'Tt. 
Pp. 2. Signed. Add. Endd. Sealed. 

Jan. 22. 114. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Lords of the Council. 

T.^''5)5T^T2^' -^^ their joint letter they (the Lord Deputy and Council) 

have answered two of their Lordships' brought by Mr. 
Birchinsha; and as to the third, grounded upon some dis- 
coveries gathered from certain confessions, he will follow their 
directions, which are full to the purpose, and as agreeing with 
the times and this people's nature as can be imagined or 
thought on. When he has brought that business fit for an 
advertisement he will present it to them. As yet is of opinion 
that what was intended or contrived took beginning about 
the time of the powder treason, and tliat, failing of the success 
which was expected, their purpose (if any they had as hath 
been delivered) sleeps 3^et within them, and will undoubtedly 
awake upon the first occasion that shall present itself; for 
this generation hateth, and having been brought up in rebel- 
lion cannot yet endure the government of the law and dreads 
the course of a civil life. 

Has anticipated their directions to furnish with victuals 
and other necessaries such forts in the North as stand in 
places remote from the seaside ; but the money according to 
the establishment has heretofore come so scantled to their 
hands (part of it being disposed of in the payment of old 
remains), that small was the portion that could be spared for 
those uses. This caused him to recommend by Sir Eobert 
Newcomen the laying three or four months' victuals into such 
places as their letters prescribe ; and forasmuch as he observes 
no people of this kingdom so variable and discontented as 
those of Ulster, the places, in his opinion, that principally 
require this provision, are within that province, as namely the 
Dyrrie, Lyffer, Ballashanan, Monahan, Mount] oye, Charle- 
mount, and Enighselaghan. Suggests that Sir Robert New- 
comen, who holds by patent the office of general purveyor of 
victuals to the soldier in this kingdom, might receive yearlj'- 
in August, after the rate of 100^. English money, for every 
company of 50 that shall be garrisoned within their forts, 
and lay in at that season four months' provision or there- 
abouts; which being defalked upon the soldier's entertain- 
ments, as it shall be issued about the same time of the year 
next following, His Majesty could be but a small loser. This 
is the most saving and assured course he can devise, as sparing 
the charge of ministers and transportation. 

Could enlarge these letters by signifying his endeavours 
and proceedings in the matters of reformation both in the 
Church and Commonwealth for the service of God, The 
general letter of the Council being very long, he will in 

2. r 5 ••- 



90 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

this his private letter omit any account of his proceedings in 

reformation of Church and Commonwealth, professing him- 
self to be rather a labourer in this great work according to 
such directions as he has and shall receive, than an adver- 
tiser out of season. — Castle of Dublin, 22 January 1606. 

These letters having attended passage since the former date, 
craves pardon for this post to remember his Lordship, that by 
His Majesty's letters of the 27th of June 1605, he was directed 
to advise to a voluntary resignation of his place Sir John 
Everard, second justice of the King's Bench, who by reason 
of his recusancy was thought unmeet to be continued therein ; 
and soon after he acquainted him with the King's pleasure, 
with his further directions to remove him by authority if he 
would not conform himself or voluntarily resign ; whereupon 
he craved time to make answer, to which he (Chichester) the 
more readily assented in hope of his conformity, being a dis- 
creet and upright gentleman, and fit to do the King service 
in his place were it not for his religion. Upon his pressing 
him to a resolution he hath now voluntarily surrendered his 
commission, and so is discharged thereof Gives his Lordship 
notice thereof, that he may be pleased to send some other 
fit and worthy person for his place, which that Court doth 
humbly desire with expedition. — 27 January. 

Pp. 3. Signed. Add. Sealed. Endd. 

Jan. 23. 115. Eael of Tirone to the King. 

^ ^i' 2^1 ^9*^' Understands that His Majesty has been informed that he 

' ' should execute (by martial law) {sic) some one that has done 

good service unto the late Queen of famous memory, whereat 
His Highness seemed to have conceived some dislike. Pro- 
tests he has not executed any one man by martial law since 
His Highness's coming to the Crown of England, but that he 
made good account of, as well before the Lord Deputy and 
Council here as also before the Lords Justices of Assize in 
their circuits from time to time. His humble suit now is that 
the informers be brought either before His Highness there, or 
His Majesty's Deputy here, to justify their accusations. By 
these and like suggestions some that are his privy adversaries 
seek to bring him in His Majesty's disfavour, and so work his 
overthrow. Begs that His Highness will not thereafter be- 
lieve any such light reports of him before good trial first had 
of the truth of the cause ; and if he be thereupon found guilty, 
he will never sue for grace at His Highness's hands, but will 
abide the very uttermost of the law, as one resolute to spend 
his goods, life, and lands in His Highness's service. Has had 
ere now many secret enemies, of which he is sure there 
wanteth not some to remain as yet ; and they will no doubt 
still oppose themselves against him privily, if they may 
have way, and if His Majesty do not take some more care of 
him than hitherto hath been ; therefore he most humbly be- 
seeches His Highness that he may have notice of any matters 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 91 



1607. 

wherewith he shall be charged, in order that he may answer 
for himself; and as His Majesty has ever hitherto found him 
faithful and true, so shall he find him all his life as ready 
to do His Majesty all loyal service as any subject else who- 
soever within any of His Highness's realms. — Dungannon, 
23 January 1606. 

P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd. 

Jan. 23. 116. Proclamation by the Lord Deputy. 

vd'22T^Kf' Commands, pursuant to His Majesty's letters dated the 

14th November last, that Sir James Fullerton forthwith upon 
receipt thereof shall make forth discharges of the wards 
underwritten, and take order for the defalcations to be made 
of eight soldiers' pays out of every standing company of 50 
foot, except the Deputy's own, Sir Henrj'- Follyotfs, Sir 
Richard Hansarde's, and that of Mr. Pawlett, Governor of 
Derry ; six of said pays in abatement of His Majesty's 
great expense, and two towards the maintenance of ministers 
and preachers ; all which said companies are to be employed 
in the prosecution of certain rebels and kerne who have 
lately put themselves into arms in the province of Ulster. 
The said companies to continue in strength as they were 
until the said service be ended, and further directions given. 
—Dublin, 23 January 1606. 

Out of the Fort of Laughlin, 10 warders to be discharged. 

Out of the Fort of Wexford, 10 warders. 

Out of the Palace of Carigfergus, five warders and a 
porter to be entered there. 

Out of the Foot of Dungarvan, eight warders. 

Out of the Fort of Limerick, eight warders. 

Out of the Abbey of Boyle, five warders. 

Out of the Castle of Moyrye, four warders. 
P. 1. Copy. Endd.: "To our trusty and well-beloved 
Sir James Fullerton, Knight, Clerk of the Cheque and Muster- 
master General of Ireland." 

Jan. 24. 117. Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. 
^•^•' ggf^o^' It hath pleased God within these few days to call unto 

' ' himself, out of this life, Mr. Hunston [Humpston], the Bishop 

of Down and Connor, whose honest carriage and good desire 
to settle the true worship of God in those parts makes them 
careful to find one worthy to be recommended to succeed 
him. And as few of those who are otherwise in any com- 
petent manner provided for, are desirous of that preferment, 
as well on account of the remoteness of the place as of the 
meanness of the living to support that calling (being little 
more than 200?, a year), they (Lord Deputy and Council) have 
thought good to recommend the bearer, Doctor Todde, Dean 
of Cashel, and a preacher of God's holy word, to their Lord- 
ships' honourable favour for that place, a man very well 
known to the Lord Ai'chbishop of Canterbury's grace, and 



92 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

one whom, since his coming into this kingdom (which is now 
near two years) they have observed to be of honest, discreet 
carriage and diligent in his function of preaching. Recom- 
mend that Dromore be united to Down and Connor (both 
of them being contained within the counties of Down and 
Antrim), that both be bestowed upon Doctor Todde, having 
very good hope that as his abilities shall be thereby some- 
what increased, and his jurisdiction enlarged, so being of an 
active mind and body, he will employ his best endeavours 
and study, both to settle the truth of the Gospel in those 
remote places, and to reform such things as are amiss in the 
church there, which shortness of time, sickness, and debility 
of body, would not permit the last Bishop to finish as he 
desired. — Castle of Dublin, 24 January 1606. 

Signed: Arthur Chichester, Tho. Dublin, Cane, Anth. 
Sentleger, Th. Ridgeway, James Ley, Humffrey Wynche, 
01. St. John, 01. Lambert, J. Fullertone. 

P. 1. Add. Endd. : " Lords of the Council." 

S .P., Ireland, US. WaHDS- 

Note of proceedings touching the discharge of wards, 
according to the list sent in the letters of 14 Nov. 1606, and 
of the six pays appointed to be defalked. 

Signed: Arthur Chichester, Tho. Dublin, Cane, James 
Ley, Rogerus Midensis, Ni. Walsh e, Th. Ridge way, Humffrey 
Wynche, Anth. St. Leger, 01. Lambert, Ja. Fullertone, 01. 
St. John. 

Pp. 4. 



Jan. 24. 119. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

Philad. P., Qjj ^]jg recommendation contained in the letters of the Lord 

^^ ■ '^' ' Deputy and Council, appoints Doctor^ Todd Jones, Dean of 

Cashel, to be Bishop of Down and Connor. With respect to 
their recommendation that the see of Dromore be united to 
that of Down and Connor, the King does not understand 
whether they mean that the two bishoprics should be com- 
pounded and made into one, or only that the see of Dromore 
should be held with Down and Connor in comraendam. If 
the latter, he approves of the Bishop's having it for his better 
maintenance. — Westminster, 24 January 1606, in the fourth 
of the reign. 

P. I. Add. Signed. Endd. by Sir Arthur Ghichester : 
" From the Kinge's M^ie in the behalfe of Doctor Todd Jones 
to be made Bishop of Doune and Connor, &c. Re. the 10th 
of March." Inrol. 

Jan. 26. 120. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Earl of Salisbury. 
^•^vJo^?^^!"?' In his last of the 14th of this instant, sent by Doctor Todd, 

vol 22 ill. . ■'•/ 7 

' ' promised to transmit what he could learn from the Lord of 

Tyrone, in such points as he (Chichester) should impart unto 
him. His short abode there took from hiin the opportunity, 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 93 



1607. 



and unless he would have opened himself too largely, he could 
not accomplish what he desired, foi* Tyrone is wary and would 
soon have been made suspicious. Imparted unto him that the 
King was graciously inclined towards him, and that he was 
required in all his causes to give him a speedy and favourable 
dispatch, and therefore, if he had anything to propound, he 
would be ready to hear and give him answer ; which favour 
from His Majesty he humbly and thankfully acknowledged to 
be very great, and said he would ever remain his obedient and 
faithful subject. Thereupon he took occasion to let him know 
that tlie King had been informed that the Earl of Tyrconnell 
and Coconnagh Maguyre were discontented, and intended to 
depart hence without licence towards Spain or the Archduke, 
and that they had often conferred with his Lordship about 
the time they purposed to depart, and it was thought they 
had imparted their minds unto him, and the King was assured 
he would declare their purposes (if any they had), and to that 
effect had given him directions to confer with him when he 
came unto him. To which he answered : " It is true the King 
knows me well, and I protest I would reveal anything that 
should concern the good of his service." And in this he could 
say no more but that Tj'rconnell and Maguyre have discovered 
their discontents unto him, grounded upon their poverty, 
being greatly indebted ; and Tyrconnell alleged that a great 
part of his country was kept from him, by way of reservation, 
as Ballashanan, with 1,000 acres of land and the fishings there, 
and the Lyffer, to which is reserved but four quarters of land, 
and that Sir Cayre [Cahir] Odoghertie and Maguyre, who here- 
tofore paid a chieferie to his ancestors, were exempted from him, 
which, with his wants, would enforce him to leave the country. 
The Earl finding him passionate (as he saith), dissuaded him 
from unbefittiug courses ; and if he would go anywhere for a 
time, he advised him to repair into England and seek license 
from the King, which he thought would easily be granted, as 
it was to Sir Christopher St. Lawrence and others. Hence he 
Salisbury) may note the unsatiable humours of these men ; 
for Tyrconnell hath far larger scopes of land by custodiam of 
abbeys from the King than is taken from him by reservation, 
and if the case be well looked into, the descent of that country 
is very questionable between him and Sir Neale O'Donnell. 
The greatest strength he hath is the King's patent, which 
gives no more than was in His Majesty, and to entitle the 
King to that country will be disputable, as he (Chichester) 
understands it. 

The Earl of Tyrone told him further of himself, that the 
King had been informed that he had hanged some persons by 
martial law who had honestly served on their side in the time 
of rebellion, of which he was advertised by a letter from Sir 
Patricke Murrie, which he showed unto him. He (Chichester) 
told him it was very like the King had notice thereof, for he 
knew weU it was so informed to him (Chichester), and sundry 



94 lEELAND — JAMES I. 

1607. 

of his servants and followers were indicted at the last sessions 
for that matter. And therefore this was a good caveat to 
make him more wary and circumspect, for the King was so 
careful of this kingdom and his good subjects that he is often 
inquisitive of matters of this nature, and will surely under- 
stand what is amiss. To which he answered, he found it so, 
and would be better advised, but he knew he had hanged none 
but lewd and dishonest persons who had worthily deserved it. 
He had some speech with him (Chichester) concerning O'Cahan's 
country and other lands which (as it is thought) he possesseth 
without good title. This troubled him not a little, being 
grieved that his estate had been so strictly searched and looked 
into. The Bishops of Armagh, Rapho, and Dyrrie make claim 
to large portions of lands within his country, which he is 
content to put to the trial of law, which none of his prede- 
cessors could ever be brought to, nor himself until this time. 
If that province and some disorderly parts of Connaught were 
reduced to certainty, and some score of freeholders established, 
there were great hope of quiet, unless foreign assistance did 
encourage them to break out : now is the time to look into it. 
Of the three counties mentioned in their former letters," 
Monahan is divided and fully concluded on ; but they cannot 
pass the estates to the principal lords and freeholders under 
the seal without the King's special warrant. The Termons 
should yield the King a good rent ; they are now claimed by 
the Bishop, but Mucknoe being already passed to Sir Roger 
Wilbrahame, it were not amiss to pass the rest, and if the King 
have right to one he hath right to all. Humbly desires the 
King's warrant to pass those lands, according to the division, 
before Easter ; otherwise we shall be troubled to get the rent 
at May, for half a year's arrearages in these parts must be for- 
given or taken by force. Is informed that sundry gentlemen 
and others in Ulster are preparing themselves for the Arch- 
duke's service, being drawn thither by the Earl of Tyrone's 
son and Sir Christopher St. Lawrence. If he (Salisbury) 
could use the means that St. Lawrence might be discounte- 
nanced in the Archduke's camp, and enforced to return dis- 
contented, it would bring forth good effects, for this nation 
are confident, especially the ill-affected, that their being there 
will beget and bring forth new troubles and great assistance 
into this kingdom. Knows St. Lawrence to be a very discon- 
tented and an unstaid man. It has been told him since his 
departure that he was at a mass before he went thence, which 
makes him to have the less hope of him. He is well beloved 
in the counties of Monahan, Fermanagh, and Cavan, from 
whence sundry persons are preparing to go unto him. 

Having settled the disorderly parts betwixt this and the 
county of Wexford (in which Pheagh M'Hugh and his sons 
were wont to haunt and disturb all their neighbours) by 
making it shire ground by the name of the county of Wicklow, 
the inhabitants carry themselves as honestly, and answer 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 95 



1607. 

to the assizes and sessions as orderly as any county in the 
kingdom. 

Is now in hand to remove the Moores and septs out of 
Leixe, who have been always ringleaders in rebellion, and the 
notablest disturbers of the peace of the kingdom, shooting at 
the recovery of their lands taken from them for their rebellion 
and bestowed upon the English in the time of Queen Mary ; 
since which grant they have been 18 several times in rebel- 
lion, and suppressed with great charge and loss of men. Their 
often revolt ministereth good occasion to remove them, and 
this last hath brought them so low that he conceives they may 
without disturbance put that design in execution ; if they 
remain there, they will assuredly out again within a few years, 
and it were better they began with them than let the Moores 
attack themselves. Will not permit them to settle in Leinster, 
nor in the counties of Crosse and Tipperarie ; all the rest of 
the kingdom is open for them, and, as he understands by 
them, they will make choice of Munster about Kyrrie ; if they 
refuse to depart by fair means, wishes he might have the 
King's allowance to attempt it by force, for he is no way 
doubtful of them. When he has done with these, the like 
course must be held with the O'Connors of Ophaly ; those 
countries being disburthened of those septs, there is great 
hope of a good settlement in all Leinster ; and there is 
assured disturbance if they be not removed. 

Prays to have his commission of Deputy renewed, either 
there or by warrant from His Majesty, as well for the general 
good of the subject and the King's service as his own safety, 
according to former precedents grounded upon the defects 
mentioned in the letters of the late Chancellor and Sir Henry 
Wallop, the copies of which, and the late Queen's warrant, he 
presents therewith, and has sent the copy of his commission 
to his servant that he might have sight thereof. Prays that 
what he has done since the death of the late Lord Lieutenant 
may be made good and warrantable if there be cause, as it was 
unto them. — Dublin, 26 January 1606, 

There is some defect in the commissions of wards and 
liveries, arrears, &c,, by reason the Treasurer in some and the 
Chief Baron in most are omitted upon the exchange of the 
persons. Has sent a note to his servant to present unto him, 
that if it be thought meet, new may be sent unto them. 

Pp. 6. Add. Sealed. Signed. Endd. 

[January.] 121. Notes out of my Lord Deputy's letters of the 27th of 

S. P., Ireland, November, wherein he humbly desires to have some 

^ol. 221, 14. direction. 

1, That his Lordship will be pleased to give direction 
whether the abbey of Asherow shall be demised to the Earl 
of Tirconnell, upon such conditions as are contained in those 
letters. 



96 IRELAND—JAMES I. 

1607. 

2. How the Lyffer shall be disposed of, Sir Richard Han- 
sarde being now sent down thither for the settling thereof 

3. Whereas there is contrariety for taking of places between 
some councillors in Ireland, my Lord humbly prayeth to 
receive some direction for marshalling of them. The doubt is, 
for the Master of the Ordnance, of whom there is no prece- 
dent ; the question is, whether he shall take place by priority 
of being councillor, priority of knighthood, or by his office. 

Notes of my Lokd Deputy's last letters, wherein he 
humbly desireth to know his Lordship's pleasure. 

1. That his Lordship will be pleased to be a means to 
His Majesty that the Lord Deputy and Council might have 
their stipends or entertainments in sterling money of England, 
as their letters patents doth bear. The reason is, because 
by the late proclamation the name sterling is abolished, and 
all payments and receipts by name of Irish should be from 
thenceforth paid and received, a silver harp for 12(7,, and all 
payments and receipts by the name of sterling ; they presume 
they shall accordingly receive theirs, the rather since His 
Majesty's receipts (by virtue of the said proclamation) will 
exceed the charge of his payments in that kind. 

2. My Lord Deputy having been informed of some defect 
in his commission, by reason of the words (in the absence of 
our Lieutenant and Governor-General, &c.) doth leave it to 
his Lordship's consideration whether, for his better warrant, it 
will not be convenient to have a new commission in his own 
name. 

3. That his Lordship would be pleased that the soldier's en- 
tertainments might be bettered, who could better live on Sd. 
Irish a day in time of war, when they might go forth to prey 
and freeboote in the rebels' country, than now, when they 
may not charge the country for breaking the composition, and 
victuals being exceedingly dear by reason of the great spoil 
of cattle and other things in time of war. 

4. My Lord Deputy humbly desireth that the four com- 
missions may be renewed, namely, for defective titles, for the 
arrears, for surrenders, and for leases, wards, and liveries ; since 
the Treasurer now being is omitted in some, and the now Lord 
Chief Baron in all of them ; and likewise my Lord humbly 
prayeth Sir Oliver St. John and Sir Oliver Lambert may be 
inserted in them according to a note hereunto annexed. 

Pp. 2. JEndd. : " Mr. Strowd's memorial." 

Jan. 28. 122. Ralph Birchensha to the Eakl of Salisbury. 
S-P-. ^Ireland, jjjg (Birchenshaw's) first bears date the 18th of this present, 

' ' as by the enclosed will appear, and then the letters brought 

over to himself (Birchenshaw) concluded of, as in his first is 
signified. Since which time, by reason the particulars of the 
said letter are referred to the Lord Deputy's discretion, his 
Lordship hath altered his mind and determination thereof, 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 97 



1607. 

and there is some reason for the same, as may be seen by the 
enclosed, whereby the abatement of His Majesty's charge will 
be far under the proportion expected by him (Salisbury). 
The fact that he himself is an inferior officer, and that His 
Highness's direction is liable to the Lord Deputy's pleasure, 
requires he should put his hand to his mouth, and in all 
humbleness leave the proceeding in the said letter to his 
Lordship's wisdom, holding himself content, until it shall 
please him to use his poor service in anything he shall hold 
meet and convenient. — Dublin, 28 January 1606. 
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd. 

Jan. 28. 123. The King's Instructions to Sir Arthur Chichester, 

Carte Papers, -with SiR ARTHUR'S ANSWERS by way of Apostils. 

The instructions sent to the late Lieutenant being applicable 
to the state of rebellion the country then stood in, are do 
guide for the government of the kingdom in the universal 
peace and obedience which at present prevailed, and which it 
should be the Deputy's chief aim to maintain. He had 
already received some directions both from the late Lieutenant 
and himself (the King), especially since the coming of Secre- 
tary Cooke and the Attorne^'^-General Sir John Davys ; but 
as they (the Deputy and Council) have not had any general 
instructions since the late Lieutenant's death, he (the King) 
sends the following to remain as a memorial. 

1. As there is no more effectual way to secure peace and 
quiet than the upright administration of justice, and as lie 
(the King) had been informed that the exercise thereof in the 
remoter parts of the kingdom during the small time of rest 
they had enjoyed from tumult, has already bred in the people 
a great affection to it, the Deputy is to encourage that dis- 
position in them by making them often taste of the benefit 
of justice. And to that end the King intends, as he has 
already signified, to increase the number of judges upon each 
of the benches. 

2. As there can be no more certain means of planting 
religion than when worthy ministers have it in hand, and no 
better way to get store of such ministers than by providing 
them competent livings, the Deputy shall inquire into the 

thi ^mf thrBi^oM'* and ^^^^® ^^ ccclesiastical livings, esiwcially bishopiHcs and dean- 
min'isters' livings are much eries, and shall ascertain how they may have been diminislied, 

bettered since the date of t , , , , • i 1 1 j 1 1 Tr • •• 

these instructions. and how they may be repaired, so that the King may send 

thither from England persons of learning and judgment to 
draw the people towards religion more than hitherto. 

neve?execSorta"eupon ^6 shall _ also put a stop to an abusc practised by some 
innjytjnie. of the ministers of the Ecclesiastical Commission, who are 

wont to summon persons before them upon pretence of 
popery, and then, taking a fine, dismiss them without fur- 
ther effort for their reformation, looking only to their own 
interest. 

2. G 



93 IRELAND — JAMES I. 



1607. 
to the ^fflcerY of the Ex- 3. With regard to the increase of the revenue, he shall 
couM not !evy iTy^the OTdf- make the Court of Exchequer return a certificate once a year 
STbyJou? Lojs^'uponhe of all such rents and other casualties as they cannot levy by 

Commission of Arrears and Qr^-^q/fiary pVOCeSS. 

This hath byneohserved; The Deputy and Council shall be very sparine of giving 

for all grants were agreed f J , o ,^ tt- i , J r &&_& 

on att the Council Table concordatums out 01 the King s treasure, revenue, nnes, m- 

and signed hy three of the . t i« iv ij.- 

Commissioners. trusions, alicnations, or other casualties. 

The graimting of intru- -. ^r. ^r. ^ »,*■.. ^ u j j 

sions hath revived many tenures ; and the other graunts of forfeited bonds and 
recognizances, &c. were such as were concealed, for the most part of which the 
moytie or third part was always reserved, whereby His Matie. had some profit. 

Pardons were aiiwayes j^jgQ of passiuff pardons and protections, which should only 

graunted att the Table, but Ti.ir^-imii 

protections have byne given be paSSCd at tiie OOUnCll lable. 
more by the Lords Presi- *• 

dents and Governors of 

This hath byne observed That set timcs shall be appointed for passing of ward- 
d^ys^'iS'^aKoUs^dur- ships, letting lauds, and passing of lands upon defective 

ing the termes, and some- j-^iip™ 
tymes out of terme. i^inco. 

This was observed untui That in case of the treasure sent from England proving 
paye^STt^dJdjfOT the most inadequate to pay the martial men and others, au equal 
so'^or's Vme. ^^^^ ^' ^''"^ dividend be made at the Council Table. 

This was done. The Court of Exchequer to forbear the installing of debts. 

This hath byne faithfully mij. •!_ i.j i. j ' i 

observed, for I never gave That no pcusion DC granted cxcept dui'ing pleasure. 

pention without good war- 
rant from the King or tho ■■ t t -r-. i j • n i /^/nt 

Lords of the Council. That the Lord Bourkes pension of lOOL a year may cease. 

This was done on the pas- ,. , iii.iii/-\ i • i •j' t ' 

singe of his booke, being Only granted by the late Queen during pleasure, it he 

(the Deputy) should find he had received any other help 
from the King. 

I deiyver herewith the All patents of ofiices and fees shall be surveyed and in- 
copies of the offices and q-^ired into ; thosc containing grants for life to be preserved ; 

those granted during pleasure to be no longer continued 
except there were some extraordinary grounds of respect o: 
their persons. 

This hath byne observed. As those patentees holding for life should die, the offices ti 
cease. He shall also cease to recommend persons to hole 
in reversion or joint tenancy. The offices and fees alludet 
to were contained in a schedule signed by some of th( 
Council. 

Lastly. Of late years many poor and vagrant persons o 

Ireland have transported themselves into France and othe 

foreign parts, pretending to be banished for religion ; an( 

though that was only a colour used to gain compassion, i 

had thereby raised a causeless scandal against the King' 

government. And these persons were so multiplied in Franc 

that the government there had ordered them to be shippei 

into England. 

The Lords Presidents and But, on the representation of the English ambassador, th 

officers'' .of™thl'port''tov>^"s course will henceforth be changed, and they will be lande^ 

shfce which Tme Y&l ^^ Muustcr from whcucc they came. The Deputy shoul 

iieard of no complaint in give Order that there they be dispersed to the places of thei 

birth. Some strict course should be taken as well witl 
merchants as ships of passage, that they shall not receive an 



IRELAND—JAMES I. 99 



1607. 

more of that kind of people, to be transported either into 
England or any other Prince's dominions, as well to avoid 
charge as the scandal that was raised thereby. 

Signed (at foot) SALISBURY. 

Pp. 7. Copy} Not add. Endd. : " 28 Jan. 1606. Copie 
of certaine generall instructions concerninge the better go- 
vernment of this realme and His Ma^i^s service." 

Jan. 29. 124. Warrant for' Treasurer at Wars. 

Warrant Book, Warrant to pay and issue such sums to Sir Thomas Ridg- 

^" * way, Treasurer of Wars for Ireland, as may from time to 

time be required, for payment of the forces and pensioners 

and officers there, such sums not exceeding the establishments 

for the realm of Ireland. 

Jan. 30. 125. Sir Ralph Sidley's Payments to the Greames. 
Phiiad. P., j^ ^j.yg j^Q^Q Qf money paid unto the Greames by Sir Ralpn 

vol. 3, p. 131. g.^^^^ .^ October I6O6.2 

P. 1. Orig. Endd.: "Anno 1606. A note of what hath 
been delyvered to the Grames by Sir Ralfe Sidley and his 
agent in his absence." 



vol. l,p, 189. 



Jan. 31. 126. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. 
r^^'/^n Trq Although the late Queen, upon good consideration, altered 

the coin of Ireland and erected a standard of coarse moneys 
during^ the rebellion, which was no small cause of extinguish- 
ing that rebellion, and forbade the use of all other moneys, 
and particularly those of England ; yet since the King's 
coming to the Crown, the people of Ireland having been at 
peace, and having continued in their duty, he in his clemency 
by degrees amended the currency and settled a standard 
of mojieys of nine ounces fine, which was indeed the true and 
ancient standard of that kingdom, and which he means it shall 
remain. Nevertheless, as sufficient moneys of that standard 
cannot be coined and carried over in sufficient quantities for 
necessary use in commerce in Ireland, he has been pleased to 
permit English moneys to be current, the difference of English 
and Irish currency, however, being preserved. Proclamation 
is therefore to be made, that thenceforth English moneys 
are to be current, notwithstanding prohibition of the late 
Queen or himself, at the following rate ; that is to say, the 
piece of 12c7. or shilling of England for IQd. of Irish currency 
of the standard of nine ounces fine, and so all other pieces 
after that rate. The King will send over English moneys for 
his own service, so that his Irish subjects may safely use them. 
— Westminster, 31 January, in the fourth year of the reign. 

P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: 
" From the King's Maiestie to proclayme the monie of Eug- 

1 The apostils are in Sir Arthur Chichester's handwriting. 

2 See supra, No. 101, p. 73. 

G 2 



100 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

laud to be current in this kingdome. Re. by one of th( 
Orecalies the 17*^ of May 1607." 

Jan. 31. 127. Thos. Ridgeway to Loed Northampton. 
Cotton. MSS. Professing his gratitude for his Lordship's valuable informa- 

tion, " on forraine and domestical affaires," thinks it a dut} 
to send some advertisements which he has lately received 
Much discontent prevails, which, if it breeds not disloyalty 
yet produces wavering and inconstant resolution. The state o: 
things may be gathered from letters directed to the Spanisl 
ambassador here, lately intercepted and taken from one Tiller- 
son, a Northern man and a Jesuit, coming from Callis [Calais 
and driven on this coast. The letters are sent over by the 
Lord Deputy, as will be the Jesuit (who has promised to make 
a full disclosure of his case to the King) so soon as his health, 
which is much broken, will permit his being sent forward, 
They are ill-provided to resist a foreign invasion, their wants 
being many and their forces dispersed ; but they are prepared 
to sacrifice themselves for their gracious Prince. — Treasury 
near Dublin, the last of January ] 607. 

Pp. 2. Hoi. Add. : " To the Right Honble. his singula! 
good Lo. the Earle of Northampton, Lord Warden of Hii 
Mats cinque ports and one of His Higness's most Hon. Privi( 
Council at Court." 

Jan. 31. 128. • Sir Arthur Chichester to any of the King's Learnei 

Carte Papers, COUNSEL. 

'^' ' Warrant for fiant of pardon to the under-named persons 

being three score and fifteen in number, for the most pan 
poor men, having unwillingly happened in the company o 
Morris M'Gybbon Duff and other rebels lately out in th( 
province of Munster, were enforced to relieve them, and S( 
became in danger of the laws. Whereupon they made humbL 
suit to the Lord President to be a mean of their pardon, th( 
list of whose names being examined by the Lord Chief Justici 
and the Lord Walshe, he (the Lord Deputy) is induced there 
upon, and the rather at the Lord President's request, to gran 
the same. — Dublin Castle, last of Januar}' 1606. 
PlJ. 3. Ong. Add. Not endd. 

Jan. 31. 129. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Attorney and Soli 

Carte Tapers, CITOR-GeNERAL. 

'^' Duplicate of No. 128; the first name in the list beinj 

Edmund Fitz-Morris Roche of Castletown, shoemaker. - 
Dublin, the last day of January 1606. 
P. 1. Orig. 

Jan. 31. 130. Same to Same. 

vohTi ^p "^203 Warrant for fiant of pardon, under the same circumstance! 

to others of M'Gybbon's company, to the number of thre 
score and one. 

Pp. 2. Orig. Add. Endd. by Sir John D. : " 2 PardoE 
of 136. followed bv John Creen." 



IRELAND — JAMES I. 101 



1607. 

Jan. 31. 131. Same to Same. 

vofTi "''^'^'^S Warrant forfiant of pardon for three score and one persons 

in like case, Thomas Langley being the first of the list. — 
Dublin Castle, the last day of January 1600. 
P. 1. OHg. 

Feb. 10. 132. Sir Henry Brouncker to the Lords. 
^■^/'J^rf^'Tr*^ ' Had long since advertised the arraignment and execution of 

vol. 221, 15, " '-' 

John Bourke if the wind had served, or if shipping could have 
been found to convey his letters. The evidence against him 
he is humbly bold to send enclosed. Bourke's behaviour at 
his arraignment was so insolent and rebellious that his dearest 
friends condemned it. That his trial might be without all 
suspicion of partiality, some of his nearest alliance were put 
in the panel of the grand jury, the rather to induce him to 
submit himself to an ordinary and lawful course of proceed- 
ing ; but [he was so far from accepting that favour that he 
would neither yield reference to the seat of justice nor acknow- 
ledge His Majesty's authority, nor allow of their commission 
granted for his trial. He answered very unwillingly and 
sparingly to any question propounded, in but few words and 
very sharply; all that could be drawn from him in defence of 
his arrogant carriage was, that he could not serve two 
masters ; he was the Pope's subject, and could not be the 
King's. The Earl of Thomonde, the Chief Justice, and 
himself (Brouncker), laboured very earnestly to break bis 
resolved silence, but by no means prevailing ; the evidence 
was openly read and his accusers were present to depose it, 
that the people might be thoroughly satisfied as well in the 
gTeatness of his ofi'ence as in the justness of his trial. After 
sentence of death pronounced, he (Brouncker) was persuaded 
by his assistants (considering his pretence of religion, the 
greatness of his name and alliance, and the disposition of the 
people of Lymerick), to collect a good number to secure the 
sheriff in the execution of his office ; but he held it not fit to 
show the least suspicion of fear when there was no force to 
suppress the ill-affected, if any such had risen. He desired 
rather to make it known that his trust was in justice and 
not in force, and thereupon he sent him with a small guard 
to execution, which was speedily performed without resis- 
tance. 

Has been advertised that they (the Lords) were in some 
doubt of a rebellion upon his escape, but he so little feared it, 
that he conveyed him from Corcke to Lymerick with ten 
horsemen only, having at that time other employment for the 
rest of his poor company, which he dares boldly say are a 
chief means of the great quiet which this province now 
enjoys. There are now no other enemies of the peace and 
wealth of this province but priests and wolves, both de- 
vouring monsters. It is certain that some of the priests here 
were acquainted with the powder treason, though haply the 



102 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1G07. 

manner and nature thereof was unknown to them. Attends 
daily the apprehending of one that then continually prayed 
for the good success of an enterprize in hand for the advance- 
ment of the Catholic cause ; the informer being discovered to 
thejpriests was slain after by their practice ; and there is no 
doubt that they are even now plotting a rebellion here, and 
persuading a new invasion to harden this idle and uncon- 
stant people ; but his endeavour to disarm the likeliest to 
conspire, will make them the less able to execute their desire. 
There are in the whole province 80 foot soldiers only, ex- 
cepting a few at Waterford, which are many times elsewhere 
employed. Though the number be very small, yet joined 
with 50 horse, under his (Brouncker's) leading, it makes 
some show of a garrison, and serves many times to suppress 
the loose people, who being neglected might easily make 
a head and trouble the best disposed subjects. Of late his 
opinion hath been required concerning the forts of Castle 
Parke and Halbolinge. Halbolinge, he conceives, is of less 
importance than Castle Park, because there is another passage 
to Corke with boats of reasonable burthen, which the fort 
cannot hinder, yet may it be continued with a ward of 20 
men till a citadel be erected there in Cork, which is very 
necessary, and fit to be done with expedition. Till then the 
abandoning of Halbolinge would increase the pride and 
wilfulness of that city, which might prove dangerous. Castle 
Parke commands the town and harbour of Kynsale and is of 
special use for a safe retreat, both of the persons and substance 
of all the English and other good subjects of those parts upon 
any sudden revolt or other occasion of terror. Thinks any 
reasonable cost well bestowed upon that place, and till money 
A ward of 20 soldiers may be better spared, advises that a ward of 20 soldiers be 

fit to be maintained in i^„^j. i^ -i. 
Castle Park. ^®P* ^^ ^^' 

Hears to his grief that he is much noted for his extreme 

severity against recusants, and yet he protests there hath not 
been levied 200^. in all the towns of this province. It is 
true that when persuasions and gentle means prevail not, he 
has recourse to threats and punishment, without which it had 
been impossible to conform any one, as the experience of two 
years past hath taught him. Whatsoever is reported of him 
he has the testimony of a good conscience, and the daily 
increase of reformation doth justify his proceedings. Within 
these few months there were not 10 persons of the faith in 
that whole province that came to church. They are now, by 
the blessing of God, multiplied to 500, all 'glad of their com- 
pulsion, many singing psalms and exhorting their neighbours 
to join in obedience with them. Waterforde and Clonmel 
remain wilful, and yet, in his opinion, inclining to conformity. 
Many villages do voluntarily follow the examples of the 
towns, though they understand little or nothing when they 
come to church.— Cork, 10 February 1606. Signed. 
Pp. 4. IJndd. Encloses, 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 103 



1607. 
[Feb. 10.] 133. A Brief of the Particulars against John Bourhe, both 
S.P., Ireland, of his actiou and speech, &g. 

vol. 221, 15,1. , ^/ ^. _ / _ , „ ^ , , , 7, 

1. ji%rst his Letter to the Lord Bourcke, ivherem he would 
not acknowledge His Majesty to he King of this realm, and 
protesting therein that he u'ould defend the land then in 
question against the King and heirs, &c. 

2. When Corporal Miller (by direction of the Lord Presi- 
dent) ivent to his castle, the ^th day of October last, to bring 
him to his Lordship to be examined upon certain matters 
objected unto him, he presently spying the horse coming 
towards the castle ran into the same, and as Corporal Miller 
desired to speak to him. from the Lord President, he in- 
stantly made shot at the horseman, and missed his mark 
therein, <&c. 

3. The Corporal of the horse, upon request of Tihbott 
Bourcke, who was then in the castle, that he might come 
forth, ansiuered he might, and prayed him, to direct his 
brother John Bourcke to speak with him, who thereupon 
appearing upon the wall and hearing Gorporcd Miller de- 
clare unto him that by direction from the Lord President 
in His Majesty's name, he was required upon his duty of 
allegiance to give him access unto his house for some causes 
of service ; the said John Bourcke then answered that he 
tvould not obey the King, neither should the King or the 
President command him, alleging that he was formerly 
imprisoned in the Castle of Dublin, where he endured much 
misery and turong, and that, noiu he had a priest with him 
m his house, he would keep the same, and live and die there, 
adding further these ivords : I luill acknowledge no earthly 
King, and I arn as good as any of them, &c. 

4. The said John Bourcke continuing in his said dis- 
course, and hearing the said corporal's persuasions of him 
to be more obedient, he ansiuered thus : " I would in God 
that all the kingdom were of my mind, for then we would 
cut off the heads of all those of your sort in one hour, and 
reproved the rest; that being 140 in number, they did not 
set upon the horse, and thereupon commanded the said 
corporal and his horse to get them aivay, or else he would 
send them away packing, and thereupon made another shot 
at them, hut missed his coim, Sc. 

5. At the same time he came presently down from the 
cattle himself, with a piece, a sword, and a targott, and 
another in his company {named John Hwolighane), with a 
pike, a sword, and a targott, and issuing out of the castle 
they sheltered themselves within an outer wall a little from 
the castle, and there hence {to beat the horsemen froin the 
wall), the said John again made another shot at the horse ; 
then the corporal retired a little from the castle and sent 
word thereof to Sir Edmund Walshe, who came thither with 
some forces of the country to assist the service, &c. 



104d IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1G07. 

6. The same day of Sir Edmund's coming and doing 
nothing against him by speech nor assault, the said John 
Bourcke made two shots forth of the caMle at his men, and 
the country (being required to help ivith their force the per- 
fo7'mance of the said, service), attended about the said castle 
some three days, after finding that he must have yielded him- 
self to justice, or otherwise resolve upon some other desperate 
ends. He presently plied his defence, and out of his castle 
he instantly rtiade shot, and therevnth Jcilled one of Sir 
Edmund Walshe's men outright ; and thereupon he and the 
said John Hiuolighan [armed as aforesaid), issued out of a 
broken spike-hole of the said castle, &c. 

7. At Carrige, ivhen Corporal Miller received the charge of 
John Bourcke from the Earl of Ormonde, the said John 
turned to the people and cried to them, " Will you suffer me 
to be made a prisoner by these rascals and traitors,^'' and 
many other vjords, inviting them to rescue him, Sc. 

8. At Clonmel, luhen Corporal Miller would take him off 
the hurdle whereon he ivas drawii, he cried out to the soff- 
rayne and all the people to rescue him, saying, " Oh, will you 
suffer me to be carried aivay by these devils," and many other 
'ivoixls of provocation to gain the people to rescue him, &c. 

9. The ISth of December last, the said Corporal Miller 
(having the charge of the said John Bourcke as a prisoner, 
and finding Mtti increase in his froward malice of the 
English nation), persuaded him to remember in what case 
he stood. And thereupon the said John Bourcke replied in 
these words: "Oh, if this country 'people had performed, their 
promises to me it ivould be another %vorld than it is," with 
many other undutifitl speeches tending to sedition and 
rebellion. 

Corporal Miller hath deposed all the above articles to be 
true, and Lieutenant Russell, Nicholas Doddington, Thomas 
Powell, Christopher Taffe, and Hugh Davies have deposed 
the 2nd, Srd, Hh, 5th, and 6th article to be true in manner 
as above said, adding to the 2nd that the said John Bourcke 
did then say that he would not obey the King nor any 
other, except the Catholic King of Spain. And to the 7th 
and Sth article Thomas Poiuell deposeth the prisoner spoke 
the said ivords in Irish, which he luell understood ; and all 
the rest as aforesaid did depose the same also by relation of 
the rest that understood the Irish language, &c. 

Signed:' Henry Brouncker, Thomonde, Barnard Lyme- 
ricen., Bom. Sarffelde, Era. Barckeley, Tho. Roper. 

Gopia vera : H. Brouncker. 

Pp. 2. Endd. : " The treason of John Bourke." 



Feb. 10. 134. Sir H. Brouncker to the Earl of Salisbury. 

vof 22r^n'^' ^y ^^^^ ^^^^ passage was advertised from his substitutes 

that his patent of issues was in question, and like to be re- 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 105 



1607. 

voked, being condemned by the censure of the judges as a 
tiling unlawful, and greatly prejudicial to the commonwealth 
of England. How little he has received from her late 
Majesty for 34 years' service, how miserable his estate is, and 
yet how little he has always respected his own good in regard 
of the public, he appeals to the knowledge of the whole 
State, and especially to him (Salisbury), to whom his heart 
has been always open, and who at the great Council table 
before His Majesty's coming out of Scotland was pleased to 
give an honourable testimony of his long and faithjPul service, 
and desired their Lordships to regard his necessity, and com- 
mend his desert to His sacred Majesty. In defence of his 
patent, he can truly say that it was first commended by the 
Lord Chief Justice as a thing lawful and necessary, and 
countenanced by most of tlie judges in all their circuits, and 
after a very strict examination thereof by his (Salisbury's) 
most noble father, renewed and supported by him. If any 
abuse hath been discovered in the execution of it, the offence 
may be punished without the overthrow of the patent, and 
the utter ruin of his estate, which almost wholly depends 
of it : nevertheless, if His Majesty and the State shall re- 
solve to revoke it, he will not so much as in thought resist it ; 
naked he came into the world, and naked he shall return 
again. Only he beseeches it may be lawful for him to lead a 
private life, and to make his peace with God, howsoever the 
world doth war against him. God has given him three 
sons : the second hath chosen the law for his portion ; the 
youngest shall be a scholar; and the eldest he has long 
vowed to his (Salisbury's) service, not doubting that he will 
tread in the steps of his father's love and faithfulness, wherein 
if any man living shall accuse him, he will never acknowledge 
him for his child, as the Lord shall save him. — Corke, JO 
February 1606. Signed. 

Post. — Humbly prays his pardon for his postscript. The 
bearer is a good captain in time of war, and hath gotten the 
reputation of discretion and conscience by his carriage in this 
last year's sheriffwick, wherein he excelled aU that preceded 
him. Humbly beseeches his favour for him, as occasion shall 
be offered. Has certified the state of this province in his 
letter to all the Lords, and therefore forbears to be trouble- 
some. 

Fp. 3. Add. Endd. Sealed. 

[Feb. 1 0.] 135. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

r^^^i'^n ^hi Intending to follow in Ireland the practice that has been 

used in England and Scotland of farming out the customs 
and impositions upon merchandizes, the King requires an- 
swers to certain memorials enumerated at the end of letter, 
but he (Sir Arthur) is not so strictly to confine his answers 
to those points as not to offer such suggestions as may occur 
to him for the advancement of the King's revenue. 



vol. 1, p. 191. 



106 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

And as he does not mean to cast the whole burthen upon 

him alone, he is to call to his assistance the Treasurer at 
Wars, the Lord Chief Justice, and Chancellor and Chief 
Baron of the Exchequer, Secretary Fenton, and any others of 
the CouncU whom he shall think fit. As it is a matter of 
which the King has special care, he sends the letter by 
express messenger. 

Memoeials for Proceedings in the matters of the 
Customs. 

To call before then all persons, with their charters, grants, 
and evidences, whereby they challenge a right to receive 
any moneys for customs, impositions, or levies upon goods 
or wares imported or exported, or any exemptions from 
payment of customs or duties ; and to deliver them to the 
Lord Deputy and Council, or such as they may appoint, to be 
received and perused. 

All officers serving His Majesty in any such place to give 
an account of the yearly profits for seven years past. 

Charters to be copied and sent over with the accounts of 
the seven years' profits. 

The parties holding any such grants to be examined as to 
any furtherance of this business. 

Pp. S. Signed. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester : 
"From the Kinge's Maiestie concerninge the customs of 
Irelande, &c. Receaved the 22 of March folio winge by Robt, 
Cogan & Thomas Ward." 

Feb. 10. 136. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Attorney and Soli- 

Carte Papers, CITOR- GENERAL. 

vol. 61, p. 22 . Warrant to prepare fiant of a grant to Wm. Eustace, Esq., 

of a yearly fair at Kilcullen on St. Barnabas the Apostle's 
day and the day following (unless it should happen to be 
Sunday, and then upon the following day), and a weeldy 
market every Saturday, reserving yearly to His Majesty 
Qs. 8d— Castle of Dubhn, 10 February 1606. 

Feb. 11. 137. Viscount Buttevante to the Earl of Salisbury. 
S.P., Ireland, Presuming on his accustomed favours always extended, is 

^ ' ■ emboldened to acquaint him of the persecution there for 

rehgion, which, hereafter, he fears might concern himself and 
others of his quality. Wherefore he humbly beseeches him to 
continue his protector, and begs that he will be pleased to ad- 
dress his favourable letters to the Lord President ofMounster 
in that behalf, whereby no rigour nor violent course be taken 
against him nor those that have manifested their faithful and 
loyal subjection, and that he wiU be likewise pleased to send 
him his (Salisbury's) pass to repair into England towards the 
Bath this spring without interruption ; for such is his infirmity 
that it requires the same ; at which time he means not to 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 107 



1607. 

forget tlie remembrance of his duty and service imto him. 
— Barry Courte, ]1 February 1606. 

Signed : Laur. Buttevante. 

P. 1. Add. Endd. 

Feb. 12. 138. Sir Jeff. Fenton to the Earl of Salisbury, 

^^l' 221^^19' ^^ ^ former letter of the 14th of September last he was 

' ' bold to make mention of the Earl of Tyrone's second son, 

then commanding a regiment of Irishmen under the Archduke, 
and what apprehensions were made here of his employment 
in the Low Countries. Now very lately they have raised a 
new surmise, occurring to their former malignant purpose, 
namely, that the Lord of Howth's son (Sir Christopher St. 
Lawrence) is entertained by the Archduke, and joined with 
Tyrone's son, to be ready to answer some attempt against 
Ireland when time should fit them for it. This is brought 
over of late by some of themselves, who, arriving in an 
obscure creek upon the coast of Wexford, have dispersed the 
report among the Irish of those parts, who are apt to think 
that their great faction are always working and plotting for 
new stirs. They are greatly strengthened by this to serve a 
dangerous turn against this land when things shall be made 
ripe and prepared for it ; and he assm^es himself that there is 
no one thing that more strongly bears up in their hearts their 
long settled hope of alteration than to see a seminary of their 
countrymen, and of the best families, nourished and bred up 
in the bosom of the Spaniard, from whom the greatest part of 
this people of Ireland cannot be separated in love nor confi- 
dence. Both those commanders are very popular here ; the 
one by his name, being O'Neyle's second son (as they call him), 
and the other for his action and profession of a soldier, and 
there are joined to these sundry others of this country of no 
mean importance, both for their birth, counsel, and action, all 
fugitives from hence into Spain, and from thence sent to serve 
the Archduke. Suggests that both Tyrone's son and St. Law- 
rence should be withdrawn from the Archduke in time, and 
either returned home into their country or else dismissed to 
follow a course of travel if they have desire to see foreign ser- 
vice and customs abroad. So shall be taken from them the 
premeditated occasions to do hurt to this realm, and their 
friends in faction here may find cause to abate their expectation 
and be borne up by them. — Dublin, 12 February 1606. 
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd. 

Feb. 13. 139. Certificate of the Council appointed to consider the 
S.P., Ireland, Petition and Statements of the Greames. 

' ' ' Enumerates the reasons why they have not settled them- 

selves at Roscommon ; the chief being, their dislike of the 
place, for want of water and wood ; the land let at too dear 
a rate, considering that very near unto it the like quantity is 
let for half the money ; their poverty, having no means to 



108 IRELAND —JAMES I. 

1607. 

plant ; labourers scant, who require double wages and their 
language not to be understood. They make no objections 
against Sir Raffe Sidley. 

Desire leave to seek habitation elsewhere within the 
kingdom. 

Signed : 01. Lambert, Ja. FuUertone, Jeff. Fenton. 

P. ]. Endd. 

Feb. 14. 140. Examination of John Dunn of Oxmiston [Oxmantown] 

Carte Papers, Greene. 

The Examination of John Dunn of Oxmiston Green, near 
Dublin, rope maker. 

That George St. Lawrence came into his house the day 
before, about nine o'clock, and told him that he must use him 
as a witness to such conference as should pass between him 
and an Irish gentleman. The examinate said he did not 
understand Irish, but suggested that St. Lawrence should use 
a kinsman of his, one William Dunn, then lying at full length 
on straw in his house. St. Lawrence required said William 
Dunn to say that he was a priest. St. Lawrence and examinate 
then went forth to the house of John Langford, a constable, 
dwelling upon Oxmiston [Oxmanstown] Green, wdiere the 
Irish gentleman lodged, and brought him back to examinate's 
house. The Irish gentleman asked the said William Dunn, 
then lying on the straw, Why he lay in so solitary and poor 
a place ? He answered that he was glad to lie there for fear 
to be apprehended by the English ; to which the Irish gentle- 
man answered in Irish, " God help thee." St. Lawrence, and 
the Irish gentleman, and William Dunn then had much con- 
ference together in Irish. Examinate could only understand 
that between this and the next term the said Irish gentleman 
did promise to write to St. Lawrence further about those 
matters, which he charged him to keep secret. Examinate 
conceived they spoke of some numbers or form of men, but to 
what purpose he knew not, they spoke so softly together. 
After the conference, the examinate and St. Lawrence 
accompanied the Irish gentleman to his lodgings. 

The Irish gentleman pressed St. Lawrence to stay with 
him all night ; but he would not, but went straight with 
examinate to the bridge foot to Thomas Donoghe's house, and 
there St. Lawrence wrote a letter to one of the Lord Deputy's 
secretaries, praying him to produce a warrant and some 
assistance of his Lordship's guards to apprehend the Irish 
gentleman. 

P. 1 . Copy. Not endd. 

[Feb. 14.] 141. Confession of George St. Lawrence. 

Carte Papers, Q^ Thursday previous, M'Mahon coming from Dublin the 

' * day before, lay at his father, Thomas St. Lawrence's house 

in. Garriston, and entreated him that upon Thursday he would 

ride two or three miles with him to see a friend of his, and 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



109 



1607. 



Feb. 14. 

Carte Papers, 
vol. 61, p. 229. 

Feb. 16. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 221, 25, I. 



in their travel asked him whether he would keep his counsel 
or not, if he did disclose his mind to him. He (St. Lawrence) 
answered, that if it were not hurtful to him he would. He 
then protested and swore that it should not, but be very- 
much for his good if he would undertake it ; and without 
any more words told him his mind, that he, being acquainted 
with him (St. Lawrence) a long time, thought in regard of 
his acquaintance that he might entreat him to join with him 
in any action whatsoever it were, that he had undertaken. 
He asked him simply what it was, thinking no hurt ; and he 
told him that if he would wait upon the Lord Deputy till the 
next term, and acquaint himself in the castle, that he might 
do the best service that ever he did in sight of God and the 
world to be as a spy there, whereby he might give his 
(M'Mahon's) messenger notice from time to time in what case 
the castle were ; and that when he (M'Mahon) found conve- 
nient time between that and the next term he would procure 
as many Irish gentlemen, with himself, as would come to the 
number of fifty or three score, or if need were a hundred, 
which should undertake the taking of tlje castle, and the 
overthrow of the Lord Deputy and Lord Chancellor, with all 
the rest which should be in the castle at that time ; and that 
in gaining of the castle he made no question to have the 
town, and suddenly after to receive aid out of Spain. 

Imagining himself, if he should have taken him with the 
manner, that his proof were not sufficient against him, an- 
swered him that he would be advised by a priest at his 
(M-'Mahon's) and his own coming to Dublin, which he 
(M'Mahon) did agree to ; and he having a care to serve His 
Majesty, according to his bounden duty, came to his (St. 
Lawrence's) host's house upon Oxmantown Green about ten 
o'clock at night, and there talked with him in the presence 
of his host, and he (M'Mahon) came forth in his cloak and 
staid very nigh half an hour upon William Dunne's bedside, 
thinking him to be a priest, with other words as asking him 
were it a godly deed ? Or if it were known and he adjudged 
to die, whether he should be saved or not ? Whereunto Dunne 
answered he should. At which he rejoiced, and swore to 
proceed if the fault were not his (St. Lawrence's). 

Witness his hand, George St. Lawrence. 

P^j. 2. Orig. Not add. Endd. : " George St. Lawrence's 
confession under his oune hand. And the exam"^ of John Dun." 

142. Examination of George St. Lawrence. 
To the same effect as his confession. 
P. |. Co-py. Not endd. 



143. Petition of the poor distressed Greames lately arrived 
in Ireland, praying leave to return, or to liave certain 
lands settled on them. 

Praying that they may enjoy the lands they formerly 
held, paying unto His Majesty the sum of 500^., accordino- as 



no IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

the same is in survey, where they yielded no rent before, and 
to put in security. 

Or lands in Ireland in fee simple to the amount of 300^. 
per annum, upon relinquishment of all their estates in 
England. 

For license to four of them to go from time to time into 
England to become humble petitioners to His Majesty, and to 
take order with several noblemen and others, of whom they 
hold lands by tenant right. 

Pp. 1. Endd. 

Feb. 17. 144. The Agreement which was concluded between the Eael 

,S.P., Ireland, oF TYRONE and O'CAHAINE, at DUNGANON the I7th of 

^^^•^^^>^^- February 1606. 

It is agreed between the Earl of Tyrone and O'Cahaine, 
cdias Donell Ballagh O'Cahaine, that the Earl shall give 
from himself and his heirs after him the inheritance of 
O'Cahaine to O'Cahaine and his heirs male after him for ever, 
reserving as yearly rent from O'Cahaiae and his heirs two 
hundred cows out of the said lands ; the one moiety to be 
paid every May day, and the other moiety the 1st, of Novem- 
ber, and that all the lands from the mountain to the Banne 
should be in the Earls possession and custody as an assurance 
for his rent. And at what time soever O'Cahaine shall pay 
the two hundred cows, then he may enjoy the territories from 
the mountain to the Banne as freely as the other part of the 
land lying westward, upon condition of paying yearly unto 
the Earl two hundred cows from that time forth, both in the 
west and in the east, as we have formerly said. O'Cahaine 
shall claim no right nor title to those lands but only such as 
he holdeth from the Earl and his heirs. And in case that 
O'Cahaine should die before his son, Rowrye O'Cahaine, or 
any other of Ins heirs, should come to the age of 21 years, 
the Earl and his heirs shall have their wardship until they 
come to years, as the King hath the Earl's. And whatsoever 
contention concerning lands, or sessing, or any other injurious 
action shall happen now or at any time hereafter between 
O'Cahaine and his gentlemen and followers, O'Cahaine shall 
be bound to abide the arbitrament and award of the Earl, or 
of such as he shall refer the matter unto in aU points afore- 
said. The Earl and O'Cahaine consent to confirm this agree- 
ment without delay, and to ratify it by due order of law. 
Furthermore, that O'Cahaine's heir shall not match himself 
in matrimony without the consent of the Earl or his heir. 
Futhermore, of the two hundred cows agreed upon to be paid 
by O'Cahaine for rent unto the Earl, he promised to pay a 
hundred at May day to the Earl, and a hundred pounds in 
payment of the other hundred which were to be paid at 
Hallo wtide yearly, if O'Cahaine make choice to pay the 
hundred pounds rather than the cows at that gale yearly 
unto the Earl. And if there be any thing wanting or for- 



IRELAND— JAMES I. Ill 



1607. 

gotten requisite for the perfection of this deed, the Earl and 
O'Cahaine have given their word and promise to stand to 
whatsoever advice and assurance the learned in the law will 
award. And lastly, the Earl hath promised that in every 
matter to be ordered between O'Cahaine and his gentleman, 
O'Cahaine may elect two to assist the Earl in ordering of such 
controversies. 

O'Cahaine. 
Pp. 2. Endd. : " A copy of agreement, &c." 

Feb. ] 8, 145. Sir Oliver St. John to Sir Julius C^sar. 

voTftg^^f??" Thanks him for his friendly offices, which he heard of from 

B.M. ' those who have had occasion to repair to him, and is en- 

couraged thereby to zeal in His Majesty's service. Begs him 
to dispose of him as he may think best. Much apprehension 
is entertained of some innovations here, and as it is necessary 
to be provided against all accidents, he presumes to press it 
on his (Csesar's) consideration. Thanks him for his noble care 
of him about his leases of Balterevy, and as to his pension. 
Will do all he can in the maintenance of his charge to deserve 
further favours, — Dublin, 18 February 1607. 
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd. Sealed. 



Feb. 19. 146. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Attorney and Soli- 

Carte Papers, CITOR-GeNERAL. 

^° * ' ^' ' Warrant to make out a fiant of a grant to William Nugent, 

son to Richard, late Baron of Delvin, and the heirs male of his 
body, with remainder in fee-simple to the right heirs of his 
father, of all the lands he was seised of any estate of inheri- 
tance. And to insert in the same a grant to the said William, 
and Jenet his wife, and the heirs of the said Jenet, of all such 
lands as they were seised of in her right, or whereof Walter, 
late Baron of Skrine, and Ellen his wife, being the parents of 
said Jenet, were seised, which accrued to His Majesty or the 
late Queen, by the attainder of the said William Nugent, 
according to His Majestj'^'s letters, dated at Westminster, 31 
October last. — Dublin, 19 February 1606. 

P. 1. Orig. Add. Endd. hy Sir John Davys : "William 
Nugent 's warrant." 

Feb. 20. 147. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Earl of Salisbury. 

S.P., Ireland, q^ ^^iq 6th of this instant. Sir Richard Cooke arrived, by 

' ■ which passage he (Chichester) received his Lordship's letters 

concerning Richard Purcell, who was this term brought to his 
trial in the King's Bench, and in order to give the Lords of 
the Council satisfaction in that cause has herewith sent a brief 
declaration of the fact, and how he hath been proceeded 
withal. 

Sends likewise a particular of his living and goods, which is 
near the true valuation, as he is informed. Craves his Lordship's 
pardon if he was too sensible of an imputation of tolerance or 



112 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

partiality, which he conceived had been laid upon him bj 
some from thence, because his trial was not posted as thej 
expected, the reasons of which delay he truly delivered before 
Feared that some such suggestion might be made, either oul 
of the jealousy of his opponents there, or of such as might b« 
interested in the escheat of his lands, if he had been convicted 
Conceives the President of Munster hath certij&ed to him the 
arraignment and execution of John Bourke, who died an 
obstinate and cancred traitor, denying the King's Majesty to 
be his King or Sovereign, the escheat of whose lands is found 
to be five ploughlands, out of which there are two jointures, 
and surveyed ultra reprizes at 51. per annum. Some ques- 
tion will arise upon conveyances, which (as it is said) he 
made before he revolted, besides which the Lord Bourke 
pretends title to the greatest part thereof. And in regard of 
this Lord's good conformity in religion, and to droWn his 
other claims, has passed the one moiety thereof unto him, by 
lease, for 21 years ; and the other moiety to Captain Henry 
Skipwith, in respect of his good service, of which grant he 
beseeches him they may enjoy the benefit. Has been pressed 
by sundry gentlemen, who have books to fill, to suffer it to 
pass unto them according to the tenour of the King's letters, 
but holding this the more profitable course for His Majesty, 
has so disposed it upon bonds to have it resigned if they 
shall be thereto required upon directions from thence. They 
hold there a temperate course with the recusants, albeit they 
labour to make all their proceedings odious. They have 
dealt with none but some principal men of that city and 
three of Drogheda. They win some of all sorts and profes- 
sions ; but unless he be further animated and directed from 
thence, he could gladly leave the managing of that business 
to the clergy and penal laws, unless it be to work by advice 
and persuasion, and by censuring some noted person, or in 
causes of principal moment. 

Received aboi^t this time twelvemonths, from the LordSj 
letters of advice and instruction for his proceeding in causes 
of this kind, the true copy of which he sent to the Presi- 
dent of Mnnster, according to his Lordship s direction at that 
time in his private letters. Has sundry ways advised him 
since that time to run their course with them ; but by some 
complaints from that province he gathers that the President 
has not contained himself within these limits. He is a \evy 
noble and worthy gentleman, and may, through zeal to dc 
good in that kind, be carried further than the bounds of those 
directions, which he (Chichester) desires may not be imputed as 
to him, but begs his Lordship, if he takes notice of any such 
thing, to write unto him such directions as he may think fit 
which he knows will be principles for him to follow ; and 
albeit, he knows what is yet done can beget no alteration 
yet it leaves a shrewd impression in the minds of many, and 
unless they be strengthened to hold a compulsory force foi 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 113 



1607. 

bringing them to the church, they shall not do that good 
which is to be wished. 

Thanks his Lordship for the choice of the Chief Baron, who 
is an understanding and painful gentleman. Finds by him 
and the Chief Justice, that their burthens are very great ; 
they desire some more assistance from England, which is no 
more than needs, for their inferior associates are not complete 
and fit as those places do require. Sends herewith a list of 
their names, and his Lordship will soon be informed what 
they are. 

Caffer Oge O'Donnell and Neale M'Swynne continue in 
their lewd career; they have added murder to their stealth. 
Has put some men upon them, but must send better as- 
sistance, for they have taken and fortified a lough or two ; 
when the treasure arrives will take that business in hand 
more efiectually. Have made an ill exchange in having 
Mr. Paulett at the Dyrrie ; fears he is not fit for that com- 
mand. Many dissensions have arisen since he came thither. 
Has sent Byrchinsha into Ulster, and Sir James Fullerton is 
going to the other parts, if he can spare so much of the 
treasure, revenue, or casualties, as to build castles within 
some of the forts in that province. He should find a means 
to ease part of the ordinary charge of men. Has received 
no letters dated since the 24th of December, from which 
he infers there are sundry dispatches at the sea-side, to 
which it may be the Lords may expect some answer. — Dublin, 
20 February 1606. 

Pp. 3. Signed. Endd. Uncloses, 

^1^22i^2T'^' ^^^' ^- — ^'^^ '^''"^^^ ^^^^^^ ^/ ^^^ ^^*^^ of Richard Purcell, Baron 
' ' ' of Loughmoe, as it was discovered wpon the evidence 

at his arraignment. 

Richard Purcell luas hound in a statute of 5,000^., unto 
Margaret Tohhin, his elder hrother''s wife, which statute wets 
acknowledged for the perfor^mance of covenants. 

Margaret Tohhin, supposing the statute to he forfeited in 
Easter term last, sued out a writ of extent upon the statute 
directed to the sheriff of the county of the liherty of Tipperary, 
wherehy the sheriff luas authorized as well to seize the goods 
and lands of Purcell as to take his hody. The sheriff at that 
time was Adam Tohine, hr other to the said Margaret, the 
conusee of the said statute. 

Adam Tohine, the sheriff, hy virtue of that writ, made a 
valuation and seizure of certain cattle, heing the goods of 
Purcell, who was then absent at Duhlin ; hut at the entreaty 
of PurceWs wife and others of his friends, left the goods upon 
the hands of PurceWs friends, they giving security hy bond 
to redeliver the cattle to the sheriff at a certain day and 
place. The goods are restored to the possession of PurceWs 
wife hy those friends tuho gave security to the sheriff' for the 
redelivery thereof. Purcell, to he relieved upon this statute, 

2. H 



114 IRELAND— JAMES 1. 

1607. 

doth purchase out Audita querela, returnable m the Couv 
of Comraon Fleas, and thereupon obtains a supersedeas it 
the Court of Common Pleas, directed to the same sheri^ 
Purcell returneth from Dublin into the county of Tipperary 
and delivereth the supersedeas to the sheriff, near about th 
time when the cattle were to be redelivered to the sheriff 
according to the condition of the bond given by his friends 
At the day he caused the cattle to be redelivered unto the 
sheriff. The sheriff being possessed thereof, thereupon 
Purcell desired restitution of his cattle by force of the super- 
sedeas ; the sheriff said he would be advised by his learned 
counsel whether by law he ought to do it or no. 

The sheriff being resolved by his counsel that the super- 
sedeas was no warrant to restore the cattle already seized, 
and Purcell (as he affrmed) being informed that he ought to 
have his cattle, because they were not delivered over to the 
conusee of the statute the first day of August last, Purcell 
came to the place where the cattle were grazing, being accom- 
panied by four horsemen besides himself, who carried a 
horseman's staff {which was his usual manner, being in those 
parts), and 13 or 14 footmen, whereof the greatest number had 
sivords and skeanes. 

The sheriff that day having a purpose to go on hunting, 
not far from that place, was met by one Edmond Kernye, 
who told him that Mr. Purcell was come to the place where 
the cattle were grazing, and desired to speak with the sheriff 
touching the redelivery thereof, and to make a friendly 
composition touching the execution. 

The sheriff diverted himself from his hunting and came to 
the place, where he found Purcell accompanied in manner 
aforesaid, ivhere, after scdutations, Purcell told him that he 
%vas come for his cattle and desired the sheriff to redeliver 
them. 

The sheriff told him he might not have them by law ; 
Purcell told him that his lawyer had resolved him that he 
ought to deliver them. " A better lawyer than yours,'^ said 
the sheriff, ''told me I may not deliver them." Then 
PurceWs brother beckoned to one of his men, and one of the 
sheriff's men, taking occasion by Purcell's stirring of his 
horse (whereby the point of PurcelVs staff was turned 
towards the sheriff, but not after the manner of charging the 
same), suddenly took hold of Purcell's staff and wrested the 
same out of his hand. Purcell having lost his staff, leapt 
from his horse and drew his sword half way out of the 
sheath, but the sheriff being likewise lighted, and having a 
dart in his hand, suddenly closed with him and told him 
that if he would not keep the peace, he luould stab him with his 
dart. Purcell, retiring backiuard from the sheriff, fell upon 
his back, and withcd the sheriff fell upon him, and both being 
doivn and struggling together, Purcell lying undermost upon 
the ground, cried out to his men, " Purcello Abo" (which is 



IRELAND — JAMES I. 115 



1607. 

an invitation or call which the Irish lords use to their fol- 
lowers when they ivould have them, stick to them in any danger 
or distress). Thereupon divers of PurceU's men drew their 
swords and gave the sheriff sundry wounds in his head, 
whereof he died about tiuenty-four days after, and hurt 
divers of the sheriff's men. In this manner was the fact 
committed. 

But 'presently after the fact done, Purcell rode towards 
Ulster, ivhere the Lord Deputy was in camp at that time, and 
shortly after cayne unto his Lordship to the Cavan, before 
Tobine ivas dead, and his Lordship understanding soon after 
of the death of the said Tobine, he acquainted the said Purcell 
therewith, who thereupon submitted himself to be justified by 
the lata, tvhereupon his Lordship brought him to Dublin and 
referred hi7)i to the Chief Justice, who committed hi/m to the 
Castle. 

Shortly after he was indicted at Clonemell, in the county 
of the liberty of Tipperary, of Tiiurder, before the Justices of 
Assize, and the inclictTiient being removed into the King's 
Bench, he was thereupon arraigned Michaelmas term last; 
but because a jury of that county being 70 miles distant from 
Dublin, could not appear in that term, process issued for 
their appearance in Hilary term last, at which ti/me the 
sheriff returned a principcd pannell, and tales of 44, tvhich 
for the most part appeared, out of ivhich number Purcell 
challenged divers, but at the last there was a full jury sworn, 
which, upon the matter before expressed, with some other 
circumstances enforced against him by the King''s Council, 
did find the prisoner guilty of manslaughter, and acquitted 
him of murder. 

John Davys. Robert Jacob. 

Pp. 3. Endd. 

S.P., Ireland, X49. II.—A note of the lands of Richard Purcell, of 
^^ ' ' ' "■ Loghmoe, in the county of Typerarie, Esq. 

The castles of Loghmoe, Bcdynemeag, Balynehow, Riele 
Agherregh, Rahecdteth, Clonelwough, Bcdy Cormicke, Balin 
Rosseh, tabids called Granagh ; his lands in cdl esteemed to be 
some eight coalpes. A coalpe of land contains some 400 
English acres, and may be worth some 20i. yearly for each 
coalpe. Of moveable goods taken by sheriffs, consisting of 
sheep, oxen, &c., estimated by them at 200 marks, but by him- 
self at 200?. Corn and household stuff, 200 marks, ivhich 
remains sequestered upon inventory. 

P. 1. Endd. 

[Before 150. III^ — Chief Justice Ley and Chief Baron Wynche to 
' 20 Feb.] Salisbury. 

vol".'22T 22.' Requesting that some learned man in the common laws 

mAght be sent over, "especicdly for causes in the Court of 
Exchequer, bimness there being so disordered by the con- 

H 2 



116 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



1607. 



Feb. 21. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 221, 21, III. 



tentions and negligence of officers^ that extraordinary dill' 
gence of more than one honest man's endeavours will hardly 
settle and keep them in order." 

[JS^o date, hut alluded to in the Deputy's letter, 20 
February^ 

P. 1. Signed, Sealed. Add. Endd. 

151, IV- — The names of the Judges of the Law in His 
Majesty's Courts at Dublin, 21 February 1606. 

rSir James Ley, Lord Chief Justice. 
King's Bench < Geffrey Osbaldston. 

\Bir DominicJce Sarsfeilde. 

Sir Nicholas Welshe, Lord Justice. 

Peter Palmer. 

Sir Charles Calthorpe. 

SirHumfrey Wynche,Lord Chief Baron. 
Robert Oglethorpe. 
John Eliott, 



Common Pleas * 



Exchequer 
P. 1. Endd 



Feb. 19. 
Carte Papers, 
vol. 61, p. 171. 



Feb. 20. 

Carte Papers, 
vol. CI, p. 212. 



Feb. 20. 

Carte Papers, 
vol. CI, p. 232. 



152. Sir A. Chichester to Sir J. Davis. 

Warrant for fiant, containing a grant to William Nugent, 
son to Richard, late Baron of Delvin, and the heirs of his 
body, with remainder in fee-simple to the right heirs of his 
father, of all lands whereof himself or any other to his 
use was seised ; and to insert therein a grant to the said 
William and Jenet his wife, and the heirs of the said Jenet, 
of all lands whereof he was seised in right of the said Jenet, 
or whereof Walter, late Baron of Skrine, and Ellen his wife, 
the parents of the said Jenet, were seised on 31st October 
last, which did accrue to His Majesty or the late Queen 
by the attainder of the said William Nugent. — Dublin, 
19 February 1606. 

P. 1. Grig. 

153. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Attorney and Soli- 

citor-General. 

Warrant for fi ant of free and general pardon to Muriertagh 
O'Brien, Lord Bishop of Killaloe, and to the Lady Slane-ny- 
Brien, his wife, and Donell M'Laughlen Oge M'Considin, 
of Cahir Cloney, in the county of Clare, yeoman ; and of all 
intrusions and fines of alienations by him, the said Lord 
Bishop and his ancestors, of any temporal lands committed. 
—Dublin, 20 Februaiy ] 606. 

P. 1. Grig. 

154. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Attorney and Soli- 

citor-General. 
Warrant for jBant of a pardon to Sir Richard Boyle of all 
alienations and intrusions wherewith the manor of Lismore, 
in the county of Waterford, might be chargeable. Also a 



lEELAND— JAMES I. 



117 



1607. 



Feb. 20. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 221, 23. 



Feb. 20. 
S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 221, 24. 



Feb. 21. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 221, 25. 



release and confirmation to him of all his lands, pursuant to 
His Majesty's letters, dated at Hampton Court, 16 January 
1603.— Dublin Castle, 20 February 1606. 

P. i. Orig. Add. Endd. : " My Lo. Deputie's warr* for 
my pdon of alienations : and release." 

155. SiK G. Fenton to Salisbury. 

Proposes that His Majesty make choice of five or six of 
the Privy Council, to put on the quorum with the Lord 
Deputy, for the granting of concordatums, and that no con- 
cordatums be allowed but such as have their signature. — 
Dublin, 20 February 1606. 

P. 1. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd. 

156. Sir Pichard Moryson to Salisbury. 

Suggests means for lessening the charges in building a 
citadel in Waterford. 

Not long since, being at Waterford, apprehended a priest 
(of which profession there be many swarm in that quarter of 
Ireland), and sent him unto my Lord ^ President. Upon 
examination, he confessed, that this last winter, in a general 
assembly convened by their vicar-general, Doctor Whyte, 
they sent two priests of their company whose names he would 
not confess, the one to the French King, the other to the 
Archduke, under pretence to labour (as he said) their media- 
tion to His Majesty for toleration of religion. Sent his 
examination to my Lord Deputy, yet thinks it his duty to 
make it known to his Lordship, that by his wisdom the farther 
eff'ect of their commissions may be considered and their pro- 
ceedings abroad looked into, that their return may be the less 
dangerous to the State whatsoever deeper practices they may 
have in hand. 

The same priest confessed likewise that himself and three 
more had been employed in that town by their vicar- general, 
as they style him, at another convocation, as divers were into 
other places at the same time, for a collection of money 
toward the charges of Sir Patrick Barnewell, their agent in 
England, as he termed him, of which collections his part 
came to 81., the whole of that town to 32?., according to 
which proportion, if the rest of the land yield to be taxed, as 
they say they do, he may easily be contented to follow their 
cause there, and care little how long his negotiations last, 
being so well maintained without his own expenses. 

Though this was confidently believed before by my Lord 
Deputy and the Council, yet it could not be proved before 
this time.— Dublin, 20 February 1606. 

P. 4. Hoi. Endd. 

157. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Privy Council. 

Their letters of the 13th of December were brought to him 
the 6th instant, by the master of the barque that brought over 
Sir Richard Cooke. They lay long for a wind at the water- 



lis IRELAND — JAMES I. 

1607. 

side, and afterwards found a difficult passage, being driven to 

the Isle of Man. One of the letters concerned Richard 
Purcel], requiring expedition to be used in his trial about the 
killing of the late sheriff of the liberties of the county of 
Tipperarie. He was this last term arraigned before the 
judges of the King's Bench upon the indictment of murder, 
and after a whole day's travail was thereof acquitted by a 
jury of the county where the fact was committed and found 
guilty of manslaughter only. Being careful to give their 
Lordships full satisfaction of the proceedings, he caused a 
declaration of the whole to be drawn and sent to their Lord- 
ships, Still detains Purcell in prison here, and will de- 
tain him until the sessions in the county of Tipperarie be 
passed ; that in the meantime those of the other side may 
be further advised and resolved whether to bring their appeal 
in this case or no. 

Another letter was concerning those families of the 
Greames which have been sent over to inhabit and settle in 
the county of Roscommon under Sir Raphe Sydley, wherein 
their Lordships express the care they have of their weU-doing 
and good usage. In order that such as they have already 
may be comforted to stay, and others designed to be sent 
hither after them, may the more willingly submit them- 
selves to His Majesty's royal pleasure in that behalf, he has 
been as careful to content them in all occasions as they could 
expect ; at their first arrival he provided them of all neces- 
sary helps to carry them to their destination, and since sent a 
man of his own, with letters to Walter Greame of Netherbie, 
who is chief among them, to inquire how he and his kinsmen 
liked the conntr}'-, and whether the articles of agreement made 
between the commissioners and Sir Raphe Sydley were per- 
formed or no. They have not hitherto complained of any 
breach therein made, but he learns otherwise they do not 
affect the place nor intend to plant themselves there ; and 
lately, hearing there were not above six or seven householders 
of them left at Roscommon, he sent for the principal of them, 
and understands from them that the rest are scattered and 
gone away for relief, some to Sir Richard and some to Sir 
George Greame, their kinsmen, with whom they still remain. 
Observing then- instability, thought good to send strict and 
special warning to the officers of the ports to prevent their 
escape, to which the younger sort are much inclined ; since 
which directions there were two of them taken aboard a 
Scottish barque, whom he has caused to be committed for 
example's sake and warning to the rest. They have lately 
preferred their j)etition, declaring their present states and de- 
sires. Refen-ed that and the examination of their general cause 
to some of the Council, and transmits herewith what they 
certified under their hands, together with the petition itself. 
Told them, upon occasion of their requests, that they were thrust 
out thence, and sent Iiither to expiate their former offences 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 119 



1607. 



and misdemeanors against His Majesty and his loyal subjects, 
and not to receive such great rewards ; whereupon they grew 
very importunate for license to send over four to negociate 
their business in order the better to enable themselves to set 
up their rest for altogether here, and that it might be at their 
own election in what part and under whom to dweU and 
settle within this kingdom. Prays their Lordships to consider 
their demands. If it please them to allow of their agents 
coming thither, he will be careful to make choice of such as 
are likeliest to return, a.nd above all others, wishes that 
Walter Greame of Neitherbie may be one. Is of opinion that, 
except this be granted, they will not be able to keep them 
here, though they venture their lives to steal away ; and it is 
hard for them, being unaccustomed to take pains (as it should 
seem), having little money left them, being altogether without 
servants and cattle, and generally unfurnished of all things 
necessary to manure a land that hath been so long waste and 
without house or habitation. If it please His Majesty to 
continue his first resolution and to send more of them to 
Ireland, advises that both themselves and their allowances 
(if any) be sent to Mr, Deputy and Council, to be disposed of 
under one or more gentlemen, who shall take good care of 
them for the first year ; and though he holds it a very princely 
and memorable act in His Majesty, if they could be placed 
here altogether, the better to conserve their language and 
manners without mixture with the Irishry, yet he foresees 
the same will be more difficult and require some greater helps 
and means in the beginning than if they shall be divided and 
scattered, some under one landlord and some under another. 
They are of the religion^ and a witty and understanding 
people, and withal are very civil compared with most of this 
nation. Will do his best to encourage and hearten them to 
abide and settle in this kingdom, but finds they cannot like 
Roscommon, as well for other reasons as for those alleged in 
the certificate, besides another which they stand principally 
upon, which is because Sir Raphe Sydley can make them no 
longer estates than during his wife's life. 

Has already acquainted his Lordship with Sir John 
Everarde's voluntary resignation of his place of one of the 
justices of the King's Bench, and propounded for the sending 
of another to succeed him, since which time the Lord Chan- 
cellor and judges, entering into consideration of the want of 
judges for the circuits, and that they must necessarily in their 
absence retain one of the King's Council at least to attend 
with them about His Majesty's afiairs, have thought fit that 
he should forthwith appoint one in his stead to supply that 
defect. He has therefore, at their recommendations, accepted 
of Sir Dominicke Sarsfeilde, Chief Justice of Munster, upon 
the Lord Chief Justice and Chief Baron's opinions and certi- 
ficates under their hands, that both offices were compatible, 
and might be well exercised by one and the same person 



120 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

without incongruity of law or inconvenience to His Majesty's 

service. Holds it meet for the greater encouragenaent and 
satisfaction of men of this nation, that one of them under- 
standing the language should sit on each bench ; besides he is 
a gentleman of good parts and conformable in religion, which 
he thought fit to signify to their Lordships, praying their 
allowance of the choice. There are only three judges in eacli 
court, and if it be thought fit to increase the number of them, 
as formerly'- was intended, this time of peace and reformation 
do require them most, so they be sufficient and virtuous 
personages, which he remembers the rather because it were 
to be wished that some of the inferior of these they have 
already were such. 

Sir John Everard craves the benefit of the King's letters of 
allowance for some maintenance in a private life. Has pro- 
mised him 100 marks a year during the King's pleasure, and 
has enjoined him upon the same, not to be of counsel in any 
cause against His Majesty, either private or public. Recom- 
mends that this be increased to 100?. The loss of his prac- 
tice when he was made judge has been a great hindrance unto 
him.— Castle of Dublin, 21 February 1606. 

Signed. 

Have lately discovered an intended conspiracy about the 
surprising of this castle, but by such unlikely persons that 
they do not yet well know what to make of it. Have only 
examined two, and find it was intended to make the attempt 
between this and the end of Easter term. As they learn 
more their Lordships shall be advertised. 

P. 3. Endd. 

Feb. 21. 158. Sir Arthur Chichester to any of His Majesty's 

Carte Papers, LEARNED COUNSEL. 

'^' ■ Daniel Molyneux, Ulster King-of- Arms, having exhibited 

unto him (Sir Arthur Cliichester) the great abuses and dis- 
orders daily committed in matters that concerned his office, 
whereby the noblemen and gentlemen were greatly prejudiced 
in their arms and titles, for redress whereof he had prayed 
him (Sir Arthur Chichester) to give him authority by com- 
mission under the great seal, to make a visitation and survey 
of matters of heraldry, and things incident to his office, the 
Lord Deputy gives warrant for a fiant of such a commission. 
—Dublin Castle, 21 February 1606. 

P. \. Ovig. Add. Endd. by Sir John Davys: " Moli- 
neux, K. of Armes Commiss." 

Feb. 21. 159. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. 

S.P., Ireland, rp|^Q Lord Viscount Tulloghe at his being in England, 

^*^ ■ ^ ' * petitioned His Majesty in the behalf of the Earl of Ormond, 

his father-in-law, who, in the time of the late Queen, alienated 

without license divers manors, lands, tenements, and heredita- 

jnents held in cainte within this realm, for the benefit of the 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



121 



1607. 



Feb. 17. 

S.P., Ii-eland, 
vol. 221,26,1. 



Feb. 22. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 221,27. 



said Lord Viscount and his lady, the Earl's daughter, and 
others of his house, to grant to the said Earl and his feoffees 
a pardon of alienation and intrusions ; and as the Earl's 
lands lay dispersed in several counties, to grant to his heir a 
special livery of such lands as should descend unto him. His 
Majesty, by his letters of the 1 2th of July last, required him 
(Chichester) to consider of these two clauses of the petition. 
Has accordingly caused search to be made by the officers of 
the Excheqtier for all the said Earl's lands held in ccqnte and 
aliened without license, as well those that descended as other 
purchased lands, and sent the certificate to the Chief Baron to 
be considered ; whose opinion, together with the schedule of 
the extents of the said lands, are sent herewith under his 
own hand. Recommends the business to his Lordship's good 
favour, and begs him to signify His Majesty's pleasure in 
reference thereto. — Castle of Dublin, 21 February 1606. 
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd. Encloses, 

160. Certificate of Chief Baron Wynche of tJte annual value 
of the lands of the Earl of Ormond, held in capite, 
alienated without license. 

Pardon desired for lands ofannucd value of 8051. 15s. l^d., 
Irish, and in sterling, 604?. Qs. 4|(i., specified in a schedule 
annexed. Due to the King for cdienation without license, 
one whole year's value of the land by the ordinary course of 
the Exchequer. Other lands, holden in capite, purchased 
without license. Ajffirmation of Mr. Roth, the EarVs officer. 
Offices found of alienations made since they came to the Earl, 
the King entitled to all the mean profits from the finding of 
the offices until the pardon be sued over and above the one 
year's value. 

Vcdue of the lyvery after the death of the Earl, if his heir be 
of full age, to pay to the King one year's value of all the EarVs 
lands, by descent or purchase, whether holden of the King or 
of any common person called the primer seisin, which ca^nnot 
be known until upon inquisition after the EarVs death. 

P. 1. Signed. Endd. 

161. Robert Rothe to Salisbury. 

Comments on the Chief Baron's certificate of alienations 
of Ormond's lands. There is no proof of such alienations. 
Prays that the pardon for such alienations and intrusions may 
be ordered to pass. Recounts the action of the Deputy upon 
the King's letters touching the petition of my Lord Butler. 
The neglect of the Deputy's certifying was caused by officers 
of the Exchequer. They have received the certificate, which, 
with the Deputy's letters, is sent by the bearer, and conferred 
with the Lord Chief Baron. Gives account of the proceedino-s 
of inquiry in the Exchequer. Fines have been levied upon 
Gerald Comerford and others. Recounts the Lord Bishop of 

Ossory's recovery of lands against the said Comerford 

Dublin, 22 February 1606. 
Pp. 2. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd. 



122 IRELAND— JAMES I, 



1607. 
Feb. 25. 162. Sir Arthur Chichester to Sir John Davys, Attomey- 

Carte Papers, General. 

' " ' Warrant for a fiant of a license of alienation of the town of 

Little Furrows, in the county of Dublin, containing 16 acres, 
to be made by Thomas [Jones], Lord Archbishop of Dublin, 
to John Sauchy and his heirs, with the clauses in such grants 
usual. — Dublin Castle, 25 February 1606. 

P. i- Orig. Add. Endd. : ''License of alienation to my 
lo. the Chancellor." 

Feb. 28. 163. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. 

T '22?^'28*' ■^^^ received by the post barque, and since this present 

' ' dispatch. His Majesty's letters of the 27th of December, and 

that of the Lords of the last of the same. His Majesty gives 
him leave to use a discretion in the executions of some of 
His Highness's warrants, and directions in matters of justice, 
of revenue, or in cases concerning persons which he shall 
conceive not to be grounded either upon the information 
there, or which may seem to bring inconvenience to His 
Majesty's service. Will faithfully observe this commission. 
Is exceedingly comforted in His Majesty's gracious opinion 
of him, whereupon, next to God's goodness, he chiefly reposes 
himself. 

Ascribes this favour to Sahsbury's honourable representa- 
tion of his poor endeavours from time to time, for which he 
humbly thanks him, and begs him to offer the like to His 
Majesty. Has received another letter of His Majesty in the 
behalf of Mr. Hibborne, requiring him to pass unto him the 
fee farm of John Bourke's lands, or so much thereof as may 
amount to 20^. per annum. Signified in his former letter that 
it was but five ploughiands ; it is now found to be seven and 
a half, whereof four and a half are in jointure to the mother 
and widow of Bourke, and surveyed at 5?. a year, and being 
improved to the best, it will be but a small matter (unless he 
stock it himself), the King's rent and composition deducted, 
and the jointures allowed to the widows ; for by reason of 
the great quantities of waste lands lying near unto it, a 
ploughland will not yield above bl. a year, and hardly so 
much. These things being so, it will fall short of Mr. Hib- 
borne's expectation, albeit he sell it as if it were in his hands 
without lease. Besides it is somewhat litigious in regard of 
Lord Bourke's title and claim thereto. For this reason he 
made a lease of the one moiety to his Lordship, the other 
to Captain Skipwith in recompense of service. Should be 
very glad that this lease should take effect according to the 
hope he gave the gentleman, otherwise Lord Bourke will come 
presently over, and fill all the court with his complaints in 
this behalf Will make bold to stay it until he shall receive 
his Lordship's further directions, which he requests to be sent 
speedily. 

The general letter requires at this time no other answer, but 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 123 



1607. 

is thankful for the care taken to supply their growing wants, 
and for the payments of arrears due unto the poor servitors 
here. Urges that the arrears may be paid promptly, and in 
Ireland ; in order to avoid the waste and loss of service which 
would follow from the servitors having to go to England to 
press for payment of their claims. 

Expresses his thanks and his satisfaction with their pro- 
ceedings with Sir Patrick Barnewell, of whom his Lordship 
shall be further advertised after his coming, and according 
to the experience they find of him. Imagines that he and 
many other passengers, with the treasure and letters are at 
the water side, for only the post barque is come hither, and 
that with difficulty. — Castle of Dublin, 28 February 1606. 

Pp. 3. Add. Endd. Signed. Sealed. 

Feb. 28. 164. Loeds of the Council to Lord Deputy and Council. 
Philad. p., Refer to their former letters written in July last, concern - 

^° ■ ' ^' ■ ing a grievance alleged by the Earl of Essex, viz., that in 

August last was twelve months, at a session held at 
Monaghan, one Henry Garvey, gentleman, made suit, and 
suggested that he was in possession of the lands of Eniskeen 
under a lease in fee-farm made by his father, John Garvey, 
late Primate, with the assent of the Dean and Chapter, and 
that Owen ap Hugh, gentleman, made oath to this effect ; 
whereupon Robert Oglethorpe and John Elliott, Barons of the 
Exchequer, and Judges of Assize, made order at the said 
sessions that the tenants of the lands should hold and enjoy 
them against Ever M'Mahon, being tenant of the same lands 
under the Earl of Essex ; and that this order was confirmed 
by the Lord Chancellor, and an injunction granted, and at- 
tachment issued against the said Ever M'Mahon. Against 
this the Earl of Esses alleged that he is the King's fee-farmer 
of the countries of Ferney and Clancarvil, of which the lands 
of Eniskeen are parcel, and that neither he nor his tenant was 
made party to the suit, nor were His Majesty's learned 
counsel made acquainted with it, as in such cases is usual. 
And therefore they (the Lords) called upon the Lord Deputy 
and Council, by their said former letters to call the parties 
with their learned counsel before them and to hear the cause 
and do right therein, and that in the meantime the said Ever 
M'Mahon should not be dispossessed. 

They complain much of having had no answer, and require 
them to execute their directions in their former letters. More- 
over it is complained that Sir Edward Blaney, Governor 
of the county of Monaghan, hath made sundry levies of 
cows and other provisions in the countries of Ferney and 
Clancarvil by way of cesse, although the Earl of Essex and 
his tenants are freed by the letters patent under the great 
seal of England, dated the 9th day of May, 18th Elizabeth, 
from all cesses to be imposed by the Lieutenant Deputy or 
any other governor, or other than such as shall be imposed by 
Parliament. It is His Majesty's will, therefore, that Sir 



124 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

Edward Blaney shall henceforth cease from imposing any such 
taxes on the said Earl's tenants, and shall make satisfaction 
for those already imposed. — Whitehall, the last of February 
1606. 

Signed: E. Cant., T. Ellesmere, Cane, J. T. Dorset, Not- 
ingham, T. Suffolk, Salisbury, J. E. Worcester, Exeter, L. 
Stanhope, J. Herbert, 

Pp. 2. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester : " Concerning 
the Earle of Essex/' 

Mar. 2. 165. The Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. 

vd '22? To^' Their last dispatch of the last of December only arrived 

the 25th of this last month, but though it had a long passage, 
yet it brought great comfort to them all, in His Majesty's 
gracious approbation and allowance of their proceedings here 
in sundry weighty affairs. This is no small encouragement 
to hold on their course diligently in the public service. 
Forbear to trouble their Lordships at this time with any par- 
ticular demonstration of the state of this realm, since things 
stand in reasonable good terms of peace and quietness in all 
the parts of it. Save that in Tyrconnell some loose kerne, 
under the guiding of Capharte Oge O'Donnell, and some of 
the Macswynnes, have drawn themselves into a kind of rebel- 
lion, pretending outwardly an old quarrel against the Earl of 
Tyrconnell for some petty challenge of land in that country, 
having upon the sudden surprised the Castle of Doghe, and 
a small lough thereabouts; and although they have used 
persuasions with the insurgents to dissolve their company 
and to seek redress at the State, yet, as they find that they 
are not by those good admonitions made sensible of their 
faults and less apt to be drawn to conformity, they have 
given authority to the Earl, with the aid of His Majesty's 
forces in those parts, to make head against those by whose 
means these rebels have already quit their fastness in the 
lough ; and they hope ere it be long they will rather scatter 
and break than stand to the defence of the castle. His 
Majesty's forces being now on foot, and ready to invest the 
castle, they doubt not but out of their loose and slight 
beginnings they will find little encouragement to proceed 
further. Of any further accidents which shall follow this 
business their Lordships shall be advertised in the next 
lettei'. As regards the proclamation for reducing the coin of 
silver harps to the true value, they are glad to find that 
their Lordships approve thereof, and have procured a warrant 
from His Majesty for making the English coin to be current 
in this kingdom. This warrant is not yet come to their 
hands, and they pray their Lordships to cause it to be sent 
hither with speed, the better to strengthen their proceedings 
in that particular of the coin. 

Lastly, touching a list of the concordatums to be certified 
thither once in six month p, that they may see what the 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



125 



1607. 



Mar. 2. 

Grant Book, 
No. 22. 



Mar. 4. 
S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 221, 30. 



Mar. 4. 

Carte Papers, 
vol. 61, p. 233. 



expenses in that kind do amount unto in every particular 
nature ; their Lordships shall not fail, God willing, to receive 
(according the limitation of that time) due certificates both 
of the sums issued under that name, and also the true causes 
and grounds thereof, and with what moderation they have 
and shall proceed in the issuing of His Majesty's treasure 
that way. Hope in their next to give them a full de- 
monstration of the state of Halbowlinge and Castle Park, 
which they cannot do by this, for that neither the calcula- 
tion of the charges is duly made, nor the true condition and 
state of those forts fully certified from the Lord President 
and some others whom they have employed therein. 

Signed : Arthur Chichester, Rogerus Midensis, Th. Ridge- 
way, Anth. Sentleger, 01. St. John, 01. Lambert, Ri. Moryson, 
Jeff. Fenton, Ja. Fullertone, Ry. Cooke. 

Pp.% Add. Endd. 

166. Leases of Crown Lands in Ireland. 
Commission to Sir Arthur Chichester and others to make 

leases of lands in Ireland. 

167. Thomas Younge to Mr. Wilson. 

Desires him to procure a new survey to be made of Mr. 
Gould's seignory of Turbart [Tarbert] in the county of Kerry. 
Suggests also that he should procure a grant of wards, reliefs, 
and heriots in that province for himself and others. 

Has been hindered by sickness from travelling all the parts 
of the province. Reports those he has coasted for the most 
part to be sweet, pleasant, and fertile. The inhabitants daily 
increase. — Moyalloe, 4 March 1606. 

P. 1. Signed. Add. : "To the right wo^ and his approved 
good friend Mr. Wilson, at Salisbury House, near Ivye 
Bridge." JSndd. 

168. Bishop of Berry to Sir Arthur Chichester. 
Accuses Mr, Pawlet of calumniating him, though theretofore, 

in order to avoid all contention, he had almost forgotten any 
place of authority he had, either in church or state. O'Cane 
had been with him the day previous and continued in his re- 
solution never more to be thrall if he might be free ; desiring 
that if the State could not effect it, then his landlord (the 
Earl of Tyrone) might be dealt with by Sir Arthur, to use 
him well and not to oppress him. And if he might be freed, 
that then his country should not be divided as M'Mahon's 
country was, of which he had some fear. He (the Bishop) 
told him the King would have freeholders in his country and 
in all other places to serve him, which lie willingly assented 
to. Though O'Cane was eager to go up to Dublin at once, 
he had persuaded him, according to his (Sir Arthur's) direc- 
tions, to postpone his journey till Easter, and then to go 
private to avoid expense. The breach between him and his 
landlord will be the greater by means of his (the Earl's) 



126 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

daughter, his reputed wife, whom he was resolved to leave, 
having a former wife lawfully married unto him. His country 
was large, fruitful, and pleasant as any place in that part of 
Ireland, and the state of it very uncertain, as he (the Bishop) 
would open to Sir Arthur at meeting. 

Complains of delay in getting possession of Faughan, 
through the delays of the "Vice-President in examining 
witnesses to no purpose. Prays Sir Arthur's assistance. 
The friar O'Mulerky had been straggling, contrary to his (the 
Bishop's) caveat and his promise, and is fallen into Captain 
Phillips's hand at Coleraine. It would not be good to enlarge 
him hastily. The other friar, Prior Olun [O'Loon], imprisoned 
there for saying a mass, and enlarged by his (Sir Arthur 
Chichester's) warrant in hopes of his conformity, he had thus 
far prevailed with, that he was contented to forbear for ever 
afterwards from saying of masses upon pain of being hanged 
if it should be proved against him. He had caused ^him to 
peruse their (the Protestants') service book in Latin, which 
he well liked (for no exception could by any of them be 
taken against it) ; but he had no benefice, nor would undertake 
any charge in the church, but was desirous to live privately 
upon a quarter of land, which Sir Henry Docwra gave him 
near the city of Derry during his life. Further, he had no 
hope to work him to. Wished to know if it was Sir Arthur's 
wish to remit the rest of his imprisonment, if not he would 
send him back to prison. 

O'Doveny was brought thither to him (the Bishop) by the 
Earl of Tyrone, on his way towards the Castle (of Dublin), 
late at night, and earnestly entreated in the morning that he 
might go with him, promising to come back within one se'n- 
night and to bring O'Doveny with him, which he did not, but, 
passing home another way, wrote his excuse. He (the Bishop) 
had expostulated with the Earl, desiring that he might be 
sent unto him, and had dealt with O'Cane to the same pur- 
pose. He had found him (O'Doveny) obstinate, and he would 
either confine him upon security or commit him as soon as he 
could find him. Some courses had been used there to dis- 
courage and draw back the priests, wherewith the Earl was 
charged, especially in Rathfoe (Rapho), which he disclaimed ; 
of which he (the Bishop) would say more thereafter. (As he 
was thus writing, notice was given him that O'Doveny, 
because he so earnestly sought for him, was gone up to the 
Pale. He would do much evil if he were permitted thus to 
range). 

Besought the Council-table's aid in the controversy he had, 
as well with those that kept back the church lands found by 
office to belong to the church, as in those he claimed where 
no office had been found. Otherwise without hope of doing 
good he should be forced to neglect both the present service 
and future settlement of those miserable churches (Rapho 
and Derry). Of fourteen (defendants) who were by warrant 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 127 



1607. 

charged to appear, only four had answered. C. H. Vaughan 
and Captain Brooks were at that time both above, and had 
promised to appear and answer. 

Mr. Pawlet took no notice of any suit against him, not- 
withstanding he (the Bishop) dehvered the warrant himself, 
and that it was in question at the table between him and 
the Bishop in his (Sir Arthur's) hearing. The Earls had both 
been above, yet he heard of no appearance nor answer. 
Desires Sir Arthur Chichester to take these things into 
consideration. Prays God's blessing on him for his religious 
purpose and painful travel for advancing the gospel of Christ. 

Geoe. [Montgomery] Derriejsts. 
Derry, 4 March 1606. 

Since the writing of those letters O'Cane was charged by 
order of law to take again his former wife, with whom it was 
proved he was lawfully married, and had wrongfully put her 
away, taking to his house the Earl of Tyrone's daughter, 
from whom he was then separated. He (O'Cane) feared much 
lest the Earl should again prey his country for those goods 
he received with his daughter in marriage, or procure a 
warrant from his Lordship (Sir Arthur) for the same. He 
(O'Cane) prayed Sir Arthur to suspend any warrant till his 
(O'Cane's) coming up at Easter term, and promised he would 
stand to his Lordship's arbitrament in the matter. If the 
Earl of Tyrone go soon for England, his Lordship should 
consider if O'Cane ought to go up sooner. He is ready and 
very earnest to go up. Had stayed the bearer of that, his 
letter, a week and more after it was ended, and therefore 
prayed he might be excused the late delivery of it. 

Pp. 2. Orig. Add. Endd. : " To the right ho^ my very 
good Lord, the Lord Deputye of Ireland, yeve these." 

Endorsed hy Sir Arthur Chichester : " From the Lord 
Byshope of Dyrrie tuchinge Mr. Paulett, Cafer Oge O'Donnell, 
&c. Ke. by Mr. Hygate, the 23*1^ eodem." 

[Closely written on foolscap paper, but the first half of the 
sheet, and apparently larger half of the letter, is lost.] 

March 8. 169. William Kavenscroft to Sir John Davys. 
Carte Papers, "jUjq business in Parliament was the Naturalization Bill ; 

' ^' ' the limitations and cautions of which were then under de- 

bate, for no perfect union could be expected till they (the two 
kingdoms) should be united in law. Meantime they (the 
Scots) must be content to be probationers upon indifferent 
conditions, viz., to bear no chief offices nor honours, nor voice 
in Parliament, nor benefices, except- they take degree of schools 
among the English. These were proposed, but nothing yet 
agreed on. The Lords stood aloof very reservedly, and left 
them (the Commons) to break the ice, which they (the Com- 
mons) made not dainty to do unto them. He, to whom he 
(Sir John Davys) dedicated his poem of dancing, had a shrewd 



128 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



1607. 



affront a few days past in an accident that happened betwixt 
him and Sir Maurice Barkley, but all was well again. 

He could be glad to know at what time the next summer 
vacation he might find his good friends about Dublin, for he 
purposed undoubtedly to come over. 

"In the meantime," he concludes, "good Sir John, let me 
recommend unto you my dear and near cousin Mrs. Bagnall, 
and that you would in my name move my two good Lords 
Sir Ja. and Sii* Humfrey W, to protect her as far as the 
justice of her causes will deserve, for the which I shall be 
much beholden to them. 

" I am commanded by Sir Jo. Egerton to recommend him 
unto you and to put you in mind of his Irish harp. And so, 
with a million of commendations, I rest your very true and 
devoted friend, 

" Lincoln's Inn, 8 March 1606. W. Ravenscroft." 

P. ] . Oi'ig. Add. Endd. : " To my deare and worthy 
frend Sir John Davies, Knight, His Majesty's Attorney-Ge- 
nerall of Ireland." 



March 21. 
S.V., Ireland, 
vol. 221, 31. 



March 23. 

Philad. P., 
vol. I, p. 195. 



170. The Ajrchbtshop of Dublin, Lord Chancellor of Ireland, 
to the Eael of Salisbury. 

Is perplexed whether he should continue or forbear the duty 
of writing, former letters of his being unanswered or their 
acceptation not signified. On the other hand, his long service 
of 21 years makes him presume that his communications will 
prove acceptable. 

Recommends to his Lordship's vigilant care two things. 
The one, to bring back Sir Christopher [St.] Lawrence from 
that ill company where now he is (in the service of the Arch- 
duke) — being indeed a giddy-headed person, popular amongst 
this people, who are apt to entertain a desperate course — 
or otherwise to devise some mean to cross his greatness 
amongst them. The second, that the native students of 
law, trained up amongst others of the English, be compelled 
to come to church and conform themselves, they acting as 
ringleaders of this people in their recusancy, and from thence 
come armed to pervert others. Recommends the bearer, Sir 
Adam Loftus, Knight, his chancellor, a professor of the civil 
laws, and a very honest gentleman. — Dublin, 21 March 1606. 

Pp. 2, Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd. 

171. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

To make out grant, by letters patent, to Thomas Reade 
and Walter White, gentlemen, of the office of escheator 
within the counties of Meath, Westmeath, Lowth, Longford, 
and all other counties in Leinster, when first the said office 
shall be vacant by death, forfeiture, surrender, or other means, 
to be exercised by them or their deputy during good behaviour, 
with all such fees and duties, and as beneficially as Nicholas 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 129 



1607. 

Kenny or any other escheator now exercises the said office. 
— Westminster, 23 March, in the fourth year of the reign. 

By order of Sir Roger Wilbraham. 

P. ^. Inrol. A dd. Endd. hy Sir Arthur Chichester : 
" Of the 23d of March 1606. From the Kinge's Maiestie, in 
the behalfe of Thos. Eead and Walter Whyte for the office 
of escheator in the province of Leinster, &c. Re. the 13 of 
April 1607." 

March 26. 172. Earl of Ormond and Ossory to the Earl of Salisbury. 

vd;'2^27^S'!' '^^^ bearer, Mr. John Cantwe^, has been called into the 

Court of Exchequer for a supposed intrusion, by colour of 
an office taken at Callan in Kilkenny, by presentment of 
simple people (28 Hen. VIII.), by which office it was found 
that his ancestors died seised of Gawran [Gowran] ; the same 
being one of his (Ormond's) ancient and chief manors, and 
in quiet possession of his ancestors above 200 years, and 
never in the possession of the said Cantwell nor any of his 
ancestors, as may appear by offices found upon the death of 
Ormond's father and grandfather and others. Thinks that 
those simple jurors or the clerk that made up that office 
mistook the matter, the said Cantwell having in the said 
town of Gawran but one small burgage, and paying the chief 
rent unto Ormond for the same, as other burgesses do. Prays 
his Lordship in furtherance of this suit. — Carrick, 26 March 
1607. 
P. 1. Add. Endd. Signed. Sealed. 

March 26. 173. Lord Butler to the Earl of Salisbury. 

^Y^lilfls'. Recommends Mr. John Cantwell to his" Lordship's favour. 

This gentleman is of the stirp of faithful servitors which 
lost their blood* in the service of the Crown of England. He 
himself is a right plain man, not inured with suits or court 
affairs. Humbly beseeches his Lordship to supply these 
defects in his own honourable manner. — Carrick, 26 March 
1606. 

P. 1. Signed. 

174. A second recommendation of similar import. 
P. 1. Add. Endd. Sealed. 

March 28. 175. SiR Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. 

voi 227^ 34^' ^Sid granted the office of provost marshal of Munster to 

Captain Ai'thur Basset before the receipt of the letters in favour 
of Mr. Cooke. 

Employed against Caffer Oge O'Donnell and Neale M'Swyne 
Sir Richard Handsor, with such forces as lay next unto 
him ; and with the assistance of the Earl of Tyrconnell and 
Sir Neale O'Donnell he hath gotten both the lough and the 
castle of Doe ; Caffer and Neale, being abroad in the woods, 
have submitted themselves to the King's mercy, and three or 
four of their principal assistants, who kept the castle, have been 

2. I 



WQ IRELAND^— JAMES I. 

1607. 

hanged. Sir Neale O'Donnell got a blow in the service which 
he will hardly recover of long time, if he escape with his life. 
If these young men can be satisfied with a reasonable portion 
of land, they may be preserved to good purpose to sway the 
greatness of others in those parts ; otherwise they are unfit for 
anything, for they will at one time or other beget new troubles. 
Kecommends the castle of Doe to be reserved in His Majesty's 
hands, being of great strength and standing in a dangerous 
place, where it has hitherto been a great annoyance to the 
quiet settlement of those parts. Keeps it with a ward out of 
Sir Richard Handsor's company and a dozen men. 

Sir Pafrick Barnewell came to him within five days of his 
arrival. Upon questioning with him, understood that their 
Lordships have had some fiirther proceedings with him since 
their letters of the last of December, he having been com- 
mitted to the Fleet for a whole month since that time, and 
enlarged upon bonds to depart thence within 14 days, and upon 
his arrival here to make his repair before the Council within 
six days after, and not to depart without license. Demanded 
him to confirm the submission which he made there. He said 
he never made any, but what he wrote from the Tower to the 
Lords, with which they held themselves satisfied for that time, 
and he would not confirm it here. Said his refusing to sub- 
scribe to a submission drawn and sent unto him by the Lords 
was a principal motive of his last commitment, and here he 
would make none. And albeit this differs far from the direc- 
tions which he (Chichester) received concerning him in the 
Lords' letters of the last of December, yet, comparing his report 
with some letters which Strowd wrote, thought it not amiss 
to return him to his own house until he should be enlarged by 
order, Did this, doubting to vary from their Lordships' pur- 
poses if they have conceived.of any new course to be held with 
him since the date of those letters, in which he humbly desires 
to be directed ; otherwise he will hold him to confirm the sub- 
mission which was sent with those letters, and thereupon dis- 
miss him. This vain glory, however, and popularity deserve a 
severer course ; for when he (Chichester) modestly reproved 
him for coming hither with an unusual number of attendants 
which he might have forborne, seeing he remained under the 
displeasure of the King and disfavour of the State, he an- 
swered that it was his wonted manner to ride with so many, 
and that he would inform their Lordships that he expected 
small indifferency here, seeing he was found fault withal 
for such a cause. 

Has not as yet received any directions touching the 
Greames, who are absolutely resolved not to settle at Ros- 
common. They importune him daily to help them to the 
money which Sir Ralph Sydley received from the Commis- 
sioners, and to license them to settle elsewhere within the 
kingdom ; and beg that three or four of them, for whom the rest 
will be bound, may have license to resort to their Lordships, 



IRELAND — JAMES I. 



131 



1607. 



Mar. 28. 176. 
Warrant Book. 



Mar. 30. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 221, 35. 



where they may obtain favour to sell and make the best of 
such things as upon their hasty sending hither they left 
uncared for. If their Lordships will take order with Sir Ralph 
Sydley to deliver them half the money received and to keep 
the rest towards his charges in transporting and bringing 
them to Roscommon, he (Chichester) will endeavour to content 
them with that and with such other means as he will use for 
their settlement. 

Is most bound for Dr. Todd, who is now bishop and has gone 
to his charge, which he hopes he will reform, and bring the 
people to more knowledge of God and of their duty to the 
King.— Drogheda, 28 March 1607. 

Pp. 5. Add. Endd. Sealed. 

Warrant in favour of Thomas Watson. 

Warrant for payment of 4,505^. Os. 4d to Thomas Watson, 
Esq., late principal agent under Sir Geo. Carey, for matters of 
exchange, in the payment of the forces employed in Ireland. 
— Westminster. 

Pp.2. 

177. Sir John Davys to the Earl of Salisbury. 

This being a time which was wont to be dedicated to devo- 
tion and the service of God, his Lordship hath used his best 
endeavour to bring the people to church ; wherein, being 
assisted by some of the Council and bishops, he has prevailed 
so far with the richer inhabitants of this town that out of 
12 or 13 aldermen, 10 have conformed themselves, and 20 
others of the chief burgesses. To reduce the commoners of 
this town, a commission of Oyer and Terminer was granted 
unto him (Davys) and some others. Indicted the greatest 
number of the householders, together with their wives and 
servants, upon the penal statute of 2 Elizabeth, which imposeth 
the forfeiture of 12c?. for not coming to church every Sunday 
and holiday. This little penalty, with some extraordinary 
diligence used in calling them in by the poll to plead to the 
indictment, hath brought to conformity 200 of the commons ; 
and they hope, before the Feast of Easter be passed, a greater 
number will be added. — Drogheda, 80 March 1607. 
Pp. 2. Sealed. Signed. Add. Endd. 



Mar. 81. 178. 

Jjansdowne MSS. 
159, 49, 187, 



Army Account, Ireland. 
Return of the charges of the army of Ireland for 274 days. 
P. 1. Endd. 



[M]arch. 
S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 221, 35a, 



179. WiLLLiM Bishop of Cork, Cloyne, and Ross to the 
Lord Deputy. 

Received on the 1st inst. his Lordship's commandment of 
the 19th of the last, to certify the state of his dioceses of 
Cork, Cloine, and Rosse, according as therein is expressed, of all 
which he sends herewith a true certificate, as he will answer 

I 2 



132 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

before God and his Lordship, Is glad to see them look into 
this torn and rent church in order to reform it, and root out be- 
times all wicked doers from the city of the Lord. They have 
the face of a church, but overwhelmed with the palpable dark- 
ness of idolatry ; and for the few qualified incumbents as in his 
certificate is set down, they cannot execute their functions so 
long as these seditious priests are thus suffered to walk at 
liberty with no law nor order to restrain them. In Cork, 
Kinsale, Youghall, and all the country over within his charge, 
no marriages, christenings, &c. are done but by Popish priests 
this seven years, only Roscarbry excepted, where he remains, 
and may command, for he suffers none to inhabit unless they 
conform themselves and obey the laws in that point ; so that 
the Romish priests have all but the tithe corn, wherein they 
are resisted; otherwise both priest and people would easily 
agree to thrust them out of all. Prays his Lordship therefore, 
and the Lords of the Council, that the ministers of the word 
may be assisted in execution of their functions, to take care 
of the whole mass committed to their charge. 

The country is waste, especially in these parts of his diocese, 
by reason of Her Majesty's army lying against Kensall [Kinsale], 
the Spanish forces and the rebellious route. They that escaped 
the sword died through famine ; and out of these parts of his 
dioceses, by credible report, 4,000 or 5,000 are departed, some 
for France, some for Spain ; so that the country is without 
inhabitants, especially from Cork to the west, as far as Bere- 
haven, even 60 miles. The inhabitance is mainly fi*om Cork 
to Youghall, in the Lord Barriers country, and Sir John 
FitzEdmund's territories in Imokelly ; the livings whereof do 
either belong to the college of Youghall or appropriate to 
abbeys, and possessed by Sir John FitzEdmunds, or else 
holden by him. The Lord Roche's country is well provided, 
Orory [Orrery] and Dowally (Duhallow) somewhat. Has pro- 
cured some preachers from England ; five or six livings must be 
united till the country shall be inhabited better. An English 
• minister must needs be beholden to the Irishry ; his neighbours 
love him not, especially his profession and doctrine, they being 
compelled to hear him ; moreover, the spiritual livings in these 
parts are precarious. From the uncertainty of their condition, 
the cultivators occupy the land some three or four years, and 
then remove to other ground, leaving the former waste 10 or 
12 years together, so that a benefice one year worth ol. or 61, 
another is worth but 40s. Such is the condition of most of 
these parts, owing to these running tenants, who neither build 
nor enclose, but take the sweet of the land for two or three 
years, and then are gone, breeders of barbarousness and 
incivility. There is an abbey at Buttevant under the Lord 
Barry, where divers friars in their habits go up and down, 
the country, to the grief of the godly, in a kingdom where 
so godly a King as His Majesty is reigneth. The warden's 
name at Buttevant is, as they call him, Conor M'Morice 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 133 



1607. 

[ ], William-o-Foy, Niclis. Sheynan and William 

Fer [ ]. In the house at Kiliu [ ] M'Der- 

mode, a friai^ brought up in Spain, is warden ; under him are 
Conor M'Awnlif M'Fargangwey (sic), Finin M'Owen, John 
M'Yegan Murtah na Canty, Dermode [ ] at TymoUeig 
in Y-bawne, under the Lord Barry ; but the house is main- 
tained by Sir John FitzEdmunds, knight, who holds from 
the King. In this abbey is chief Kory OTamy Murriertaghe 
[O'Hea], Shane O'Hea, his brother, with others. These Sir 
J ohn countenances openly at his own table, especially the said 
Eory, commending him to the world and applauding their 
profession and manner of life. They be sturdy fellows, well 
fed and warm. In these abbeys are continual and daily 
masses and assemblies and conventicles, little for the good of 
the King and the State. 

Besides these friars, every gentleman and lord of country 
hath his priests, and at these abbeys they usually meet. Every 
friar and priest is called Father ; yea, talk with the Lord 
Barry, the Lord Roche, or any man, no other name but 
Father, Father such an one, Father such an one. So are they 
bewitched and blinded. The Lord President here proceeding 
against the priests of Cork and Limerick, a number of them 
fled ; but now since this plague, which much hindereth his 
Lordship's godly proceedings, others are come in their place. 
The chiefest are not yet returned, but are expected by reason 
of the common talk, and nothing is now in their mouths but 
liberty of conscience. Knows not what they would have more. 
Massing in every place, idolatry is publicly maintained, God's 
word and his truth is trodden down under foot, despised, 
railed at, and contemned of all, the ministers not esteemed 
— no not with them that should reverence and countenance 
them. The professors of the Gospel may learn of these 
idolaters to regard their pastors. 

Beseeches his Lordship to accept in good part and to 
pardon his boldness in thus plainly delivering to him a view 
of their hard case here in these remote parts, concerning 
religion, not doubting but to have it far bettered by his godly 
care and zeal, 

William, Corke and Rosse. 

Pp.S. Add. Endd. Much defaced, and in pa7^t illegible. 

[MarchJ 180. [Loed Salisbury] to [The Archbishop of Dublin]. 

^ T 22r^35B' Apologises for not answering his letters. Gives his opinion 

that a moderate course should be taken with recusants. 
P2J. ] -}. Draft 

April 2. 181. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

^T^i^*^j ^95 Authorising him to accept a surrender from the King's 

well-beloved servant, James Hamilton, Esq., of all lands, &c. 
(or of so much thereof as he may think fit) held by him by 
letters patent under the Crown or as assignee of John Wake- 
man, the King's patentee, and to re-grant the same by one or 



134 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

ttiore letters patent to the said James Hamilton, his heirs 
and assigns, without fine, to hold of the King at the former 
rents and conditions ; and for the civilizing the country people 
dwelling on said lands, a corporation to be erected in some 
convenient place on said lands, with powers as large as any 
other corporate town in Ulster. And, Sir Randal M'Sorley's 
followers having riotously asserted the said Sir Randal's right 
to a fourth part of the fishings of the Ban, (Sir Randal having 
by surprise obtained the King's letters dissolving a sequestra- 
tion of the same fishings made by the Deputy and Council 
pending a suit at law,) the sequestration is to be reimposed 
until the said suit at law be determined. — Westminster, 
2 April, in the 5th year. 

P. 1. Add. Inrol. Endd. hy Sir Arthur Chichester: 
" From the Kinges Ma*ie in the behalfe of Mr. James Hamilton 
to accept a surrender from him of lands past upon Wacke- 
man's booke, and tuchinge the fishinge of the Banne. Re. 
the 4th of June, eodem anno." 

April 8. 182. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

vo/"i^^ \h "^^ ^^ ^^ make one more attempt to induce the Lord Delvin 

to surrender the patent he has of the OTerralls' lands, as 
obtained on misinformation, and being unjust to the O'Fer- 
ralls ; andif he refuse, then the Attorney-General is to proceed 
with the scire facias at the suit of the O'Ferralls against both 
the patents Lord Delvin hath of the O'Ferralls' lands ; and, 
when judgment is given against the said letters patents, the 
King is to be further advertised. — Westminster, 8 April, in 
the 5th year. 

P. ^. Add. Endd. in Sir Arthur Chichester s hand : 
" From the Kinges Maiestie concerning the Lord of Delven 
and the O'FerraUs." 

April 12. 183. Sir Thos. Ridgeway to Salisbury. 

^^'2^7^ 37^' """^ l^^PPy* liis present course has been approved ; suggests 

' ' that a regular supply of treasure should be sent, for he has 

already been obliged to borrow ; refers to the payment of the 
army ; explains the origin of many outstanding debts, and 
offers suggestions for their liquidation. — Treasury, near Dublin, 
12Aprill607. Signed. 

Pp. 2. Add. . Endd. : " The Treasurer of Ireland." 
Encloses, « 

S.P., Ireland, 184. Remains of Entertainments due and owing hy His 
Toi. 221, 37 1. Majesty to the several persons under named, between 

the first of October 1604 and the last of June 160G, 

gathered hy estimate. 

Ireland. 
Officers, viz. : — 

Sir George Bourchier, Knight, late mas- £ 
ter of the Ordnance, for himself and 

his ministers - - - 380 



IRELAND — JAMES I. 135 



1607. £ 

Sir Oliver St. John, succeeding him, for 

the like - - - - 200 
Sir George Beverley, comptroller of the 

victuals _ - - - 230 

Sir Henry Crofts, scoutmaster - - 162 
Edward Lenton, provost Tnarshall of 

Ireland - - - - 69 

Lord President of Mounster - - 600 

Lord President of Connaughte - 1,200 

Sir Henry Docwra, Governor of Derry 656 
James Phillips, late "provost marshall 

at Ballishanon - - - 40 

Sir Henry Power, Governor of Leix - 200 
Sir Edward Blaney, seneschall of Mo- 

naghan - - - - 120 
Robert Bowen, provost marshall of 

Leinster - - - - 150 

In all - £4<,700 

Warders, viz. : — 

Coristable of Dublin Castle - - 87 

Constable and porter of Mariborough - 150 

Laughlinbridge _ - - 200 

Duncannon - - - - 800 

Athlone - - - - 300 

Castleparke - - - - 200 

Halboivlinge - - - - 200 

Ballinecargie - - - - 80^ 

Moyry- _ _ _ - 200 



cg>l,717 



Horsemen, viz. : — 

Lord Lieutenant _ _ - 1,400 

Lord President of Mounster - - 700 

Sir Henry Dociura - . . 500 

Sir Richard Wingfield for his horse 

and foot - - - - 1,380 

1 hear it is paid already, and am not certain •whether 
Sir H. Doc\yra be satisfied. 

Sir Edward Harhefte - - - 100 

Sir Henry Folliott - - - 300 

Sir Richard Treavor - - - 320 

Sir John Jephson - - - 1,100 



.^5,920 



l^ootmen, viz. : — 

Lord Lieutenant - - - 113 

Sir Richard Hansard - - - 360 

Sir Thomas Rotheram - - - 200 

Sir Thomas Williams - - - 190 

Sir Tobie Caulfeild - - .; - 360 

1 Corrected from 100. 



136 IRELAND— JAMES I. 



1607. £ 

8ir Henry Poiver - - - 600 

Sir Frctuncis Russhe - - - 400 

Sir Henry Folliott - - - 400 

Sir Laivrence Esmond - - 200 

Sir Thomas Coatch - - - 140 

Sir Richard Percij - - - 500 

Sir Edward Blany - - . GOO 

Sir Frauncis Roch - - - 300 

Captain Henry AtheHon - - 250 

The Earl of Clanricard - - 600 

Captain Leigh - - - - 300 

Captain BrooJce _ - _ 280 

Captain Treavor _ _ _ 300 

Sir Henry JDochwra - - - 400 , 

Sir Ralph Bingley - - - 30 

Lord Crumwell _ _ - 200 
Captain Tirrell {which he surrendered 
upon receiving of his patent for his 

pension payable in England) - 500 

In all - .£'7,223 

Pensioners : — 

Allowed hy the list _ . - 700 

By patent - - - - [ ] 

By warrants from His Majesty and the 
Lords in August and September 
1603 - - - - 800 

Discharged captains, lieutenants, and 
ensigns _ _ _ - 

In all - ,£1,900 

Officers in Musters : — 

Commissaries - - - - 260 

Soma, 21,027?. 

This collection of debts is made but by estimate, neither for 
the present can he make it more certain until he shall have 
perfected the ledger of Sir George Carey's account for the said 
time, which by Midsummer will be ready engrossed to be sent 
into England; in the meantime this particular reckoning 
will fully show the present state of the claims upon His 
Majesty. ThinJcs the debts will not much exceed or fall short 
of the sum aforesaid. The amount due to victuallers or 
other accountants, or upon extraordinary concordatums, is 
cdtogether unknown to him, but will be soon discovered. The 
remains due to the Lord Deputy and Sir Richard Morrison 
are payable, and for the most part are already satisfied to 
them by the officer in Ireland, by virtue of several war- 
rants from the Lords, and therefore he has omitted them, in 
this estimate. 

Signed J. C. 

Pp. 4, Endd. 



400 



lEELAND— JAMES I. 137 



vol. 3, p. 175. 



1607. 
April 12. 185. Lords of the Council to Sir Arthur Chichester 

PhQad. p., and the CHANCELLOR. 

Though they have nothing to add to their former instruc- 
tions and remarks as far as concerns the conduct of the Lord 
Deputy and Council concerning their proceedings in matter 
of religion, yet they see such extraordinary forms held by 
the King's ministers of other provinces, as they think might 
produce better effects if they were carried in another temper. 
For their general rule is, that if diligence ;_^be not used to 
plant knowledge and religion by preaching the word, the 
temporal authority rather hardens the hearts than attracts 
them to conformity. 

They (the Lords) must plainly say first, that the clergy 
cannot be excused for engrossing so many benefices and using 
them so profanely, considering how much might be done 
among the vulgar if there were some reasonable number of 
incumbents resident among them upon such livings. If the 
clergy should answer that the livings are none of tliem of 
any value, they (the Deputy and Council) must receive this for 
answer that all are not of no value, or at least that a smaller 
number laid together in one man's hands might make a 
reasonable proportion for an honest man to sow good seeds 
in the people's hearts. Secondly, when they (the Lords) re- 
member that the towns have hitherto stood fast from any 
revolt (which, if they had not, his Lordship (Sir Arthur), and 
the rest can well consider what bad been the consequence), 
although nothing is farther from his religious Majesty's heart 
than ever to yield to any toleration, yet that they may be 
contained from desperate courses, to which nothing sooner 
drives men than sudden violence in cases of consequence ; it 
standeth well with the policy of this time to use a greater 
moderation than hitherto, especially from too curious an in- 
quisition, or from other punishments than may be inflicted 
without too much straining of the laws of the kingdom, and 
particularly where they (the Deputy and Council) have to do 
with those who carry themselves with pride and animosity in 
their actions. 

For the present it is enough for them (the Lords) to enclose 
a copy of the King's letter to the President of Munster, to the 
end that they may make use of His Majesty's judicial rules 
therein set down. 

In answer to their letter of the 28th March, concerning 
the small amount of treasure sent, it is all that could be 
supplied. 

They acknowledge with pleasure their intelligence of the 
recovery by Sir Richard Hansard, with the aid of the Earl of 
Tyrconnel and Sir Neale O'DonneU, of the places held by the 
pett}'- rebels; and the rather because some justice has been 
done on the offenders, whose impunity might have given 
occasion to others to follow their example. His Majesty ap- 
proves of their plan of giving the meaner men of that province 



138 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

some portions of land, in order to make a counterpoise to the 

greatness of others. 

For the Castle of Doghe, that and all other such things as 
have been committed to their care, they (the Lords) must only- 
see with the eyes of the Deputy and Council. Concerning 
the Greames, Sir Patrick Barnewallj the lands of Burke, and 
such other things, an answer shall be given in their next 
letter.— Whitehall, 12 April 1607. 

Signed : T. Dorset, T. Suffolke, J. E. Worcester, Notting- 
ham, Salisbury. 

Pp. 2. Signed. Rot add. Endd. Encloses, 

April 11. 186. Lords of the Council to President of Munster. 

^1^3^*^' "i72 "^'^^ c^ie/ occasion of their ivriting is the petition exhibited 

' ' ' ' to the Lords in the name and behalf of many citizens and 

aldermen of the town of Gorh, who have been for a long time 
imprisoned for recusancy. They beg he ivill not suppose they 
censure his proceedings, or that they will expose him to any 
. insolence or disobedience by making manifest to the world 
any imperfection they may happen to find in his mode of 
govemiment. They object to extraordinary courses, and prefer 
the ordinary means, ivhich are diligent instruction and the 
due execution of the penal laws established in Ireland. 

Wot that they intend any such connivance as imports a 
toleration, or that one rule is peevishly to be applied to all, 
but luhere a public affront is offered by a notorious disobedi- 
ence the authority of state alloiueth a discretion of extraordi- 
nary punishment. But the vulgar sort run, as it were, in 
one herd ; there instruction ought to be used, and moderation 
to gain them by degrees, which on a sudden could not be got 
by violence. 

This is the course recommended by His Majesty and by their 
private letters to the Lord Deputy, which they doubt not he 
has communicated to him. When the President considers how 
universally that corrupt religion is spread, how deeply rooted, 
how lately the people have been reduced from rebellion, and 
how prone they are to a relapse, the cost of the late war, and 
how unseasonable the undertaJcing the like cure would be to it 
now, how readily some neighbours both to that kingdom and 
to this would nourish any discontentment among the people 
of Ireland that might tend to a revolt, they {the Lords) can 
not hope that they will be much reformed in religion by 
extraordinary rigour and severity, and Tnust needs doubt lest 
such a course, not usual in times past, nor tvarranted by the 
laivs of that kingdom, may stir evil humours to a desperate 
and dangerous resolution in another kind. 

To be short, if he finds any of those pestilent and seditious 
instruments, the seminary priests and Jesuits, so lurking or 
wandering that they Tnay be apprehended, he should punish 
them by law. 

If any others show example of contemptuous behaviour or 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 139 



1607. 

seditious disobedience they may he dealt tvith thereafter. But 
merely for their recusancy of coming to church, or secret 
exercise of their swperstition in their private houses, they (the 
Lords) are doubtful of any other than the usual and lawful 
course. This is only once again to recommend inoderation 
and to remind him that the same rule and measure serveth 
not fitly in that kingdom and this {of England). The like 
discretion is necessary in those that bear spiritual authority, 
and he {the President) is to communicate privately tvith 
those of that codling who are of the greatest sincerity and 
discretion. 

They do not, however, wish the course he has begun to be so 
suddenly dissolved, that any public notice might be taken of it 
as an error committed by him ; and they leave it to his oivn 
discretion how to order the matter towards those that have so 
long continued in prison {if that restraint prevail with them) 
as that upon bonds for their appearance and forthcoming, and 
with pretence of hope of their conformity, by so much lenity, 
they may be enlarged. And as for the complaint of entering 
their houses, taking their goods, keeping their luives and 
children from relief in such sort ccs is mentioned in their 
petition, they {the Lords) cannot believe that it is so ; or if 
there he any such Tiiatter, they do earnestly pray him to take. 
present order for redress. — Court at Whitehall, 11 Ap)rillQ07. 

Signed : R. Cant., T. Ellesmere, Ganc, T. Dorset, T. Suffolk, 
G. Shrewsbury, E. Worcester, H. Northampton, Salisburie, J. 
Stanhope. 

Pp. 3^. Copy. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester : " Goppie 
of a letter to the President of Mounster. Aprill 1607." 

April 1 4. 187. Sir Oliver St. John to Salisbury. 

^^'221^^ 36^' Munition arrived in good time for the repairing of the 

' " carriages for the great artillery, which otherwise would have 

been in ill plight. Will not need any further supply for a long- 
time, unless some greater disorder happen than there is yet 
any likelihood to suspect. Reports discharge of extraordinary 
pays by the Deputy. — Dublin, 14 April 1607. 
Pp. 1. Add. Endd. Sealed. 

April 18. 188. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Privy Council. 

S.P., Ireland, Urges the necessity of expediting the forts of Haulbowling, 

' ' Castlepark, and Galway, enteritig into an estimate of the 

monies laid out on Castlepark. As regards Galway, albeit he 
was not required to certify anything concerning it, and can 
say nothing of the place out of his own knowledge, yet sends 
the state of it, that their Lordships may understand what 
these pieces have cost the King ; all which will be in a very 
shorb time cast away and lost, the works being subject to 
ruin and decay, if they be not finished in time. This fort of 
Gallewaie commands the road and the town. Knows and has 



140 IRELAND — JAMES I. 

1607. 

often certified to what good pm-poses fortifications would serve 
in this land, both as a strength and defence to the towns and 
country adjoining, when it is necessary to protect them, and as 
a bridle to them if they shall be ill-affected, or enterprise 
anything against the King, either suddenly or in time of 
war, and as a refuge for good subjects in the first insur- 
rection and fury of the contrary part ; besides, they will 
cause so many civil plantations, where none is. The stub- 
bornness and insolency of many of these places is not un- 
known to their Lordships, and how they stand affected and 
would declare themselves in time of alteration. Is well 
assured of this, and also that they will never be cured of 
their disease so long as they drink of the poison of Rome, 
with which they are, for the most part, infected, especially 
Waterforde, Corke, Lymerique, and Gallewaie, upon every of 
which he wishes there were a strong citadel. Part of the 
charge might be borne by the first three, in regard of their 
disloyal behaviour and attempts at His Majesty's first coming 
to the Crown. Their charge may be to afford some labourers 
to the works.— Dubhn, 18 April 1607. 
Pp. 8. Signed. Endd. 

April 20. 189. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. 

^^ '22^^ T^' Having found by long experience that most of the rebel- 

' " lions of this kingdom (especially of Leinster) have sprung 

fi:om the Moores and Connors inhabiting the King and Queen's 
counties, who have lived discontented these sixty years since 
they lost those countries, within which compass they have 
entered into actual rebellion eighteen several times, to the great 
charge of the Crown of England and the loss of many good 
servitors ; in regard whereof they have sought by all the means 
in their power to remove the cause thereof, especially the 
Moors, which they could in no sort do but by removing the old 
inhabitants, viz., the Moores and their followers, the Kellies, 
Lalors, Clanmelaughlins, Clandebojes, Dorans, and Dolins, into 
some remote parts of the other three provinces ; wherein they 
used as an instrument one Patricke Crosbye, who hath a great 
interest in some of the chief of them, and by whose help they 
have with less ado wrought, that these seven septs and their 
children and families shall depart and altogether abandon that 
country and settle themselves as aforesaid ; which they doubt 
not will prove a matter of good consequence, both for preven- 
tion of future charge to His Majesty and the perpetual settling 
of the Queen's county, that is now for the most part planted 
with English ; and as Crosbye hath taken good pains and 
deserved well, and is besides much hindered in his particular 
estate, many of those septs inhabiting his lands, which by 
their remove for a good while will lie waste, they are willing 
in respect thereof to give him some reasonable recompense. 
But not wishing to permit him to be troublesome to their 
Lordships, or to give him anything that might increase His 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 141 



1607. . 

Majesty's charge, they have thought it best to satisfy him with 
a pai'cel of hinds in Moimster, called Terbert [Tarbert], lying 
upon the mountains of Slewlougher in Kiry [Kerry], between 
O'Connors' Country and the Knight of the Vallies', which here- 
tofore was surveyed at 70Z. per annum, and passed to Sir 
John Hollies, who was soon weary of it, so that hitherto it 
hath yielded no benefits to the Crown. In order, therefore, 
that he may plant some of those who are to be removed there- 
upon, they have passed it unto him in fee-farm at 5l. Irish 
per annum, in addition to other small favours, which of them- 
selves they may do him here. Pray their Lordships, there- 
fore, to procure His Majesty's letters for passing these lands 
unto him with as much convenient speed as may be, whereby 
they may accordingly proceed to the finishing of this service 
which they have long laboured to eff'ect by reason of the 
good which they undoubtedl}'' hope will ensue thereof, and the 
earnest solicitation of the English freeholders of the Queen's 
county.— Castle of Dublin, 20 April 1607. 

Signed : Arthur Chichester, Tho. Dublin, Cane, Th. Ridg- 
way,E.ogerus Midensis, James Ley, 01. Lambert, Jeff. Fenton, 
01. St. John, Humfrey Wynch, Anth. Sentleger, Ni. Walshe, 

P. 2. Add. Endd. 

April 20. 190. Rents of Religious Houses leased to John Bingley 

S.P., Ireland, and JOHN KiNG. 

vol 221 40 

' ' Particulars of rent paid by John Bingley and John King 

for the land of various religious houses leased to them. 
Signed : Hump. Reynolds, Dep. Auditor. 
P. 1. 

April 22. 191. SiE Arthue Chichester to Salisbury. 

^'^{'lof^^f' . -^^^ received His Majesty's and his Lordship's letters in 
' ' behalf of the bearer. Captain Barker, and explains that he is 

unable to do anything for him at present. 
P. 1. Add. Endd. 

April 26. 192. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

Philad. p., rpj^g King approves of Sir Arthur Chichester's stay of the 

' ' ' ' grant the King directed to be made to Leybourne, one of the 

King's gentleman ushers, of the lands of one Bourke, attainted, 
on the ground that part had been previously promised to 
Lord Bourke, and that part was akeady in lease to Captain 
Skip with. 

Nor is any lease or custodiam to be granted of any part of 
the castle and lands of Reban in the county of Kildare, the 
castle and lands of Finine M'^Owen M'Carty, of Iniskin, slain 
in open rebellion in the county of Cork, and the castles and 
lands of Dermond Meale M'Carty, in same county, likewise 
slain in action of rebellion, known by the name of Mahora and 
Burrame, the King having special purposes to serve in the 



142 IRELAND — JAMES I. 

1607. 

disposal of them. — Wesfcminsterj 26 April, in the fifth year of 
the reign. 

P. |. Add. Endd. in Sir Arthur Chichester's hand : " Of 
the 26th of April 1607. From the K. Majestie concerninge 
the landes of John Bourke, &c. And to make staye of passing 
Riban, &c. Re. this 6th of Maye." 

April 28. 193. Sir Arthur Chichester to Sir John Davys, Attorney- 
Carte Papers, General, 

' ' ' Warrant for a fiant of a pension of 4*, a day to Lisegh 

O'Connor, being one of eight persons who, by His Majesty's 
letters, dated at Tottenham, 4th September, in the 1st year 
of his reign, were each to have pensions of that amount till 
they should be better advanced by employment, or charge of 
a company of horse or foot, or other recompense in lands or 
offices.— Dublin Castle, 28 April 1607. 

P. |. Orig. Add. Endd. : " Mr. Lisagh O'Connor's 
warrant for a pencon of iiii^ p diem." 

April 29. 194. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

vol'^f ^ 20] Letters patent to be made, giving license to the King's 

servant, John West, one of the grooms of his privy chamber, 
to transport 1,200 packs of yam of Ireland yearly, for 21 
years, to commence from the termination of his present license. 
— Westminster, 29 April, in the fifth year of the reign. 

P. ^. Add. Endd. : '^ From the Kinge. In the behalf of 
John West, to pass him the reversion of transportation of 
yarne.''' 

May 1. 195. The Lord Deputy and Chancellor to the Privy 

S.P., Ireland, COUNCIL, 

vol 221 42 

' ' Their Lordships' letters to them and to ^he President of 

Munster show that they foresee the worst that may happen 
out of the present proceedings in Munster against recusants, 
towards whom they wish a more moderate and temperate 
course to be holden than hitherto hath been ; and convey their 
directions for their future proceedings in the reformation of 
this people in matter of religion, together with their approval 
of what has been already done in these parts. Will hence- 
forth endeavour to reclaim this people as much as possible by 
instruction, advice, persuasion, and moderate execution of 
penal laws, and to resort to the church. Were led by necessity 
and discretion together to extend His Majesty's prerogative 
against the wilful recusants of this city, they being grown for 
the greater part into an extraordinary relapse, and standing 
in the eye of this State, to the greater scandal of all others ; 
yet used animadversion but upon a few, and that, for ex- 
ample's sake, upon the worst affected. And albeit they found 
some difficulties and opposition, their hearts being so deeply 
rooted in popery j yet here in Dublin and in the town of 



IRELAND — JAMES I. 143 



1607. 

Drogheda^ where they remained some five or six •weeks 
together, they have found very good success, and have brought 
to the church a great number that from their infancy liad been 
wilful recusants ; and they are very confident that in these 
parts of the Pale they may, without any fear of any dangerous 
sequel, hold on the course they have begun, which is so mode- 
rate that they are sure the recusants desire it were carried 
otherwise, in order that they might have some colour to inform 
against them, and to purchase some toleration. For upon per- 
formance of any conformity or giving bonds only foi- their 
good behaviour, they readily both remit their fines and release 
them out of prison if they be restrained. Held it most neces- 
sary to reduce this place especially to conformitj/", the law 
having absolute and free passage here, and this being the 
place where all men's eyes are fixed. In other parts of the 
kingdom it is not so convenient, before the erection of citadels 
in places of greatest moment, and preparing of the minds of 
the inhabitants to hear the Gospel preached and taught. 
The forts are in progress, and in various stages of forward- 
ness towards completion. A learned clergy is specially 
requisite for the towns of Waterford, Corke, and Galloway, 

Some of the heads of the clergy in the remote parts are 
very remiss, especially the Archbishop of the province of 
Munster, possessed of four several bishoprics, Cashel, Water- 
ford, Lysmoore, and Emely ; are informed that he is now upon 
his journey to England to seek some undue favour of His 
Majesty and their Lordships, to make projects for what he 
cannot or will not perform. Pray their Lordships to make 
him resign some of his dignities, viz., Waterford and Lismoore, 
which may be a convenient and competent living for a good 
and worthy man to be sent from England, whom they may 
help if need be with some commendam extraordinary. Urge the 
same for Corke and Gallewaie, as soon as practicable. See no 
remedy but that the priests and Jesuits, the declared enemies 
to the states of Christian princes, be banished, being seducers 
of this people from allegiance and the service of God. Find 
more and more by experience the perilous fruits of their pro- 
fession that they aim at nothing else but the alteration and 
subversion of His Majesty's government. Pray authority to 
publish some new and severe proclamation against them. — 
Dublin Castle, 1 May 1607. 
P'p. 4, Signed. Endd. 

May 2. 196. Petition of Donald Ballagh O'Cahan to the Lord 
S.P., Ireland, DEPUTY and CouNCiL against the Earl of Tyrone.^ 

' ■ Complains that whereas he and his ancestors had for a 

thousand years been possessed of a country called O'Cahan's 
Country, lying betwixt the rivers of the Band [Ban] and Lough- 



^ Printed in Meehan's Fate and Fortunes of Tyrone and Tirconnell, pp. 82-4, 



144 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

foile, within the province of Ulster, without payment of rent or 
acknowledgment to O'Neale,. except the service of two half- 
yearly risings of 100 horse and 800 foot, in return for which 
O'Cahan had of him yearly his whole suit of apparel, and the 
horse that he rode upon, and 100 cows in winter, and a yearly 
rent to the King of 2 J cows in the name of Kis-Re, (that is, 
the King's Rent,) whereof 20 to O'Neale (as the King's chief 
officer), and one to the collector ; and whereas this continued 
(notwithstanding Con Baccho's [Baccagh's] patent, Henry 
VIII.), until towards the end of the late wars, when he the 
supphant came in (three-quarters of a year or more before the 
now Earl of Tyrone submitted himself), and had letters patent 
granted him as custodiam by Sir H. Docwra and the then 
Lord Deputy, holding immediately from Her Majesty at the 
accustomed rent, with promise to have the absolute grant at 
convenient leisure ; nevertheless, Tyrone, on his return out of 
England, alleged that His Majesty had by patent given him the 
said country ; made petitioner vassal to him ; imposed on him a 
rent first of 1 60 cows and afterwards of 2001. ; and has made 
a levy upon lands called Macharie, lying between the moun- 
tains and the Band, with the fishing of the Band, which he 
fiLi-st desired only for a time, but now threatens to eject the 
petitioner, and makes various unlawful demands on him. 

Prays, therefore, to be freed from this claim, surrendering 
the whole into His Majesty's hands, and begging that a new 
grant thereof may be made to him, and that the King's 
attorney may be appointed counsel in the cause, the Earl 
being commanded to surrender his claims. 

To this petition is appended an order : — 
" Mem. — It is ordered that the King's attorney and solicitor 
shall be of council with the petitioner, and that the Earl of 
Tyrone shall answer this bill, upon the which the plaintiflT shall 
receive further resolution. Signed : Arthur Chichester, Tho. 
Dublin, Cane, Thomond, Rogerus Midensis, Geor. Derriens., 
Th. Ridgeway, R. Wingfelde, Nic, Walshe, Anth. Sentleger, 
01. Lambert, Jeff. Fenton, Ry. Cooke. — Garrett Moore." 
Pp. 2. Endd. : " Garrett Moore." 

May 4. 197. Sm Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. 

^^i' 22f ^43' Recommends the suit of the bearer, Capt. John Baxter, for 

' ' a grant in fee farm of 20 marks of land. — Dubhn, 4 May 

1607. 
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. Sealed. 

s. d. 198. Same to Same. 

v"^*'2^2f ^44' Similar recommendation of J. Baxter. To have a grant in 

fee farm of such concealments as he can find in Connaght or 
Thomond. 

Pp. 2. Endd. In margin : " No concealments to pass but 
by composition with His Majesty's Commissioners ; and in 
Ireland concealments have made 100 traitors." 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 145 



1607. 
[May.] 199. Petition of Captain John Baxter to the King. 

^T '22^^45^' Prays for a pension out of the fines and casualties of Cou- 

' " naught, for a grant of SOI. per annum in fee farm of concealed 

lands, and for a lease for 12 years of the rectory of Odder. 

With directions by Salisbury : " These suits are very in- 
convenient now for the King to grant, saving only that, if 
the lands supposed to be concealed may be considered of to be 
so ordered, His Majesty may grant that which is reasonable 
and not injurious, of which I will have speech with you." 
Signed : " Salisbury/' 
P. 1. Orig. 

May 4. 200. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Attorney or Solicitor- 

Carte Papers, GENERAL. 

' ^" " Warrant for a fiant of a grant of the office of Clerk of the 

Crown for the county of Wexford, surrendered by Edward 
Raggett, to be made to [ ] Talbott, gentleman, for life. 

—Dublin, 4 May 1607. 

P. I. Orig. Add. Endd. : " Mr. Talbott, warrant for 
Clerke of the Crowne of Wexford." 

May 4. 201. John West to Sir John Davys. 

^r6^i'^^^23^6 "^^^ ^iiigj with the assent of the Lords of the Council for 

' the affairs of Ireland, having granted him, [John West,] in 

reversion a license for 21 years for transporting 1,200 packs 
of yarn yearly out of Ireland into England, he relies on 
Sir John as one in whose ancient assured love to him he 
was more happy than in his suit. Entreats him to speak to 
the worthy solicitor to have an eye to so much as may concern 
him. Has sent over his servant on purpose to wait on Sir 
John's directions. Has so perfect a confidence in the Lord 
Deputy's willingness to further any of His Majesty's poor 
servants, that by his (Sir John's) own commendation of him to 
his Lordship he hopes he will further his suit, not doubting 
but one day his sweet master, Prince Harry, will take such 
knowledge of his noble respects of him, and of his (Sir John's) 
own special love, that he will give them both particular thanks 
upon his own account. 

Though his fortune does not enable him to requite Sir John, 
he will do his uttermost. 

What charges belong to his patent his servant will defray. 
If Sir John will suffer his honest servant Nedd, his old 
friend, to help his man Lee to pass through those offices which 
belong to his business, he will think that he (Sir John) loves 
his poor friends, and that his labour will not be lost. 

His (West's) cousin Jones and his wife are in health, and his 
cousin, Margaret Branthwaite, is upon the prick of marriage 
with Sir William Spencer's eldest son, that is of the race of 
the fair sisters. Mrs. Mary Nevill, of the house of Burgavenny, 

2. K 



146 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

is in the like case with young Goring of the court, whose 
father was George Goring, the pensioner. All his (Sir John's) 
worthy friends are well. The Parliament has not yet re- 
solved of the Union. The peace between the States and the 
Archduke's is agreed on for some time. Geneva has been 
in some fear of besieging by the Duke of Savoy, which the 
French King foresaw. 

The Scots that are of the first rank got all their (the 
writer's countrymen's) good wives, and the residue fortified 
themselves in the bawdy house. Wishes him all prosperity. 
— London, 4 May 1607. 

Signed : John West. 

Pp. 2. Orig. Add. Endd. : " To the right woorshipfuU 
Sir John Davys, Knt., his Ma*y Attorney Generall in Ireland, 
at Dublin, give this." 

May 9. 202. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Privy Council. 

vri'.'22f ^47! -^^^ received His Majesty's letter of February 10, giving 

an account of what has been done about the customs. Pro- 
poses a lease for twenty-one years, and encloses a draft and 
estimate of the present condition and value of the customs. 
Having referred to the musters and the arrival of the supplies 
of treasure, proceeds to report the arrival, about the 24th of 
this last month, of some 23 families more of the Greames, who 
only brought with them letters from the Lord Bishop of 
Carleile and Sir Wilfride Lawson, having otherwise neither 
money nor means to settle and live here ; and yet the com- 
missioners have left them to be disposed of by him. Those 
that formerly came hither, most of them with some reason- 
able means, could never since resolve to sit down and settle 
in any place, but specially at Koscommon. Fears that all 
the money that was bestowed upon them to bring them hither 
and to settle them will be spent ; as they have spent their 
time and what else they had, in hope that some second consi- 
deration would have been had of them, and at least that they 
would have been permitted to settle somewhere else'out of the 
county of Eoscommon, to their better liking. They continually 
importune him to urge their earnest requests upon their Lord- 
ships, and to condescend to such conditions with them, as 
he neither has the mind nor the means to entertain and per- 
form with so many. They are all very poor and destitute 
of all things necessary for plantation ; and yet they will not 
willingly hear of any scattering or severing of them, some to 
one place and some to another, where they may have best 
conditions. Sees of necessity nevertheless that it must be 
so. Intends to put some of the youngest of them into 
companies of horse or foot, otherwise they will be driven 
to extreme necessities and want, which he will prevent by 
what good means he may. — Castle of Dublin, 9 May 1607. 
Pp. 5. Signed. Add. Endd. Encloses, 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



147 



1607. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 221,471. 



May 10. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 221, 48. 



203. Draft and Estimate of the Customs in Ireland. 
Brief declaration of the yearly revenue for customs m 

various cities and towns, and names of sea coast towns that 
yield no revenue at "present to the King. 
Pp. 3. Endd. 

204. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. 

Solicits the reversion of the constableship of Dublin 
Castle for his secretary, Henry Perse. 

Requests in like manner the reversion of the place of 
the serjeant-at-arms for his servant. — Dublin, 10 May 
1607. 

P. 1. Sealed. Add. Endd. 



[May 10.] 205. Memorial of the Lord Deputy's Letters. 

vol 221 49 Memorial of some particulars contained in the Lord 

Deputy's letters last sent. 
P. I. Endd. 



May 11. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 221, 50. 



May 12. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 221, 51, 52, 



May 6. 
S.P., Ireland, 
voL 221, 52 I. 



206. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. 

Reports the death of the Lord of Howth, which will be 
a mean to recall his son. Sir Christopher St. Lawrence, 
from foreign service. Gives an account of the steps taken 
in the matters of the Grahams. The Reban in Munster 
has not been passed. — Castle of Dublin, 11 May 1607. 

Pp. 2. Sealed. Add. Endd. 

207. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. 

The enclosed was even now delivered by a servant of the 
President of Munster ; these reports will be sped throughout 
the whole kingdom within a few days, for it is already no 
secret. Knows not what it will beget or bring forth. Their 
strength is known to Salisbury, and they can hardly increase 
it, no matter on what occasion soever, wanting money and, 
he fears, the hearts of the greatest part of the natives of this 
kingdom. Where the gape is open (it is like) they will 
soonest attempt to enter. If any such design exist, it will 
be necessary that they be relieved from thence or left to 
desperate fortunes ; and when they shall set foot within the 
kingdom, it will be too late to call for assistance. The wind 
and tide serving, he is driven to this briefness. — 12 May, 
at night. 

P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.: " Lord Deputy with some 
intelligence from Spain." Encloses, 

208. H. Brouncker to Mr. John Stowghton at Mr. Neiunam's 

upon the Wood Key, at Dublin. 

This day a hark came from Padstow, and a passenger 
states that on Sunday last a ship of one Powell's of Bris- 

K 2 



148 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

tow, coming out of Spain, reports very confidently that all 
English, Scottish, and French ships are stayed in the south 
parts of Spain, from ivhence he slipped away without 
any frawghte, and as he heard, in all other parts of Spain 
the like measure is offered. This passenger heard the like 
confirmed by Sir Nicholas Predyeux. Has thought good to 
advertise this, that he may acquaint my Lord Deputy with 
the report of it, as it is now newly come. Had he been able 
he ujould have written with his own hand, as likewise of 
his other businesses. Will not fail to do so as soon as it 
shall please God to give him strength.— Bishopscourt, 6 May 
1607. 
P. 1. Signed. Add. 



May 1 2. 209. Sir Arthur Chichester to Sm John Davys, At- 
Carte Papers, tomey-General. 

' ' Warrant to draw a fiant to the Corporation of Kilkenny, in 

consideration of their infinite losses sustained, of a release 
of certain covenants comprised in their grant of the site of 
the late monasteries of the "Black FrJars and Grey Friars in 
Kilkenny, from King Henry VIII., whereby they were to re- 
pair and build certain rooms and offices for the reception of 
the Lord Deputy during his stay in Kilkenny, and in default 
to pay double the value of the charges set down for the repairs 
thereof; and also to find fire-boote, as by the letters patent, 
dated 25th August, in the 35th year of the said King's reign, 
might appear. And as the Corporation, ever since the date of 
the grant, had been accustomed to find a house in the town 
for the entertaining of the Lord Deputy or other Chief 
Governor, and far more convenient than the rooms which they 
were to maintain, and as they were contented that the Lord 
Deputy or other Chief Govei'nor should have the use of the 
best house in the town during the time of his abode, as had 
hitherto been accustomed, the Attorney-General was to pre- 
pare a release of the said covenants and of all fines and for- 
feitures accrued by breach of the covenants. — Dublin Castle, 
12 May 1607. 

P. 1. Orig. Add. Endd. by Sir John Davys : " War- 
rant for the release of a covenant to Kilkenny, 1607." 

May 15. 210. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

^■^^1^*^" 203 ^^"^ William Cole to be continued by patent in the place he 

^° ■ ' '^' ' has for many years held, of captain of the King's long-boats 

and barges, at Ballishannon and Lough Erne, with an allow- 
ance of 8s. 4d for himself by the day, and 8d a piece for 
10 men. The King leaves it to the discretion of the Deputy 
to fix an allowance yearly over and above, for the extraordi- 
nary charges of sails, chains, and cables for said boats, pay- 
ment to be made by concordatum, signed by as many of the 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 149 



1607. 

Council as is usual. — Westminster, 15 May, in the fifth year 
of the reign. 

P. 1. Add. Inrol. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: 
"Of the 15*11 of Maye 1607. From the Ringe's Mtie in the 
behalfe of Cap. Coale, for the boates of Ballashannon, &c. Ke. 
the last of June following." 

May 19. 211. Sm Patrick Barnewall to Salisbury. 

^ol '2^2? ^53' Makes bold to write, lest his silence may breed any hurt 

by giving free passage without contradiction to advertise- 
ments, which peradventure may be made from hence. 

Within the compass of the days limited by his bond for 
his appearance before the Lord Deputy, he repaired to him, 
lying then at Tredath, from whence the next day he was con- 
fined to his house ; but before departure hence it pleased 
his Lordship to charge him, not out of his own knowledge, 
but upon information, with having come hither accompanied 
with such numbers, as if he meant to brave the world. 
Eeplied that it was a mere malicious calculation, in that 
there was not any one gentleman in his company of his own 
ordinary household, but merely six servants. This unfounded 
accusation is a palpable argument of the extreme malice which 
some here bear towards him. Humbly prays therefore that no 
information from hence may take impression to his prejudice, 
until he shall be called upon to yield an account of his car- 
riage ; at which time, if he shall not be able every way to give 
good and honest satisfaction, he humbly submits himself to 
what it shall please authority to impose and lay upon him. — 
Dublin, ] 9 May 1607. 

P. 1. Add. Endd. Signed. 



vol. 221, 54. 



May 23. 212. The Answer of the Earl of Tyrone to the Bill of 

S.P., Ireland, COMPLAINT of DONYLL BALLAGH O'CaHAN.^ 

Denies that there is a country called O'Cahan's country, 
but by a recent corruption of speech it is called Irraght-I-Cha- 
han. The title made by plaintiff is determinable by common 
law, and he (Tyrone) is ready to answer it. As to the plain- 
tiff's request to be permitted to surrender and accept a new 
estate from His Majesty, replies that the plaintiff hath no 
estate in the said lands that he may surrender, he and his 
ancestors having held but as tenants at sufferance, servants 
and followers, to the defendant. Conn CNeale, mentioned in 
the bill, was seised in fee of the same, and on his surrender 
to King Henry YIII., re-grant was made by letters patents by 
the said King, as also to the defendant by Her Majesty Queen 
Elizabeth. The custodiam mentioned in the bill, if any such 
was granted, which the defendant denieth, was determined 
by the death of Her late Majesty ; and if not, the same was 



1 Printed at length in Median's Tyrone and Tirconnell, p. 86. 



150 IRELAND—JAMES I. 

1607. 

countermanded by the patent made by the present King. 
Prays that, if there be any doubt arising from the construc- 
tion of his letters patent, other letters patents may be made 
to the defendant, and not to the plaintiff, who hath no colour 
of right or estate in the premises. All this defendant is ready 
to aver and prove, as well as to disprove the plaintiff's several 
allegations. Any exemptions from cess, &c. enjoyed by the 
plaintiff was solely in consideration of his marriage to the 
defendant's daughter, and because, for the better inhabiting 
and settling of the country, he (defendant) was contented that 
the plaintiff should, during the defendant's will and pleasure, 
enjoy two parts of the country, but upon conditions and 
reservations far different from those expressed in the bill. 

P. 1. Endd.: "The Earl of Tyrone's answer. Entered 
23 May 1607." 

May 25. 213. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

voi'^^p ^05 "^^ ^^^® license to Sir George Carey, late Treasurer of Wars 

in Ireland, to bring over thence into England all his ledgers, 
books of account, warrants, concordatums, bills, scripts, and 
muniments whatsoever, for one year and three-quarters, begun 
1st October 1604 and ended 30th June 1606, under the 
charge of James Carroll, late deputy to the said Treasurer. — 
Westminster, 15 May, in the 5th year of the reign. 
P. 1. Add. Endd. 

May 26. 214. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. 

^vd.' 2^1^55.' SoHcits for John Bingley and John Kinge the fee-farm of 

such parcels of land as they hold in Connaght, namely, the 
waste abbeys or religious houses of Boyle, Cong, Ballintubber, 
and Inchire Kreny, in the remote parts of the Irish countries, 
and another small parcel called the Hospital of St. John's, of 
Athie, in the Queen's County, and the farthest parts of the 
county of Kildare. These lands are in their possession now, 
and in lease with them already for almost 70 years ; yet, as 
they have built specially upon the Boyle, where they are 
now erecting a strong castle, which will be a great stay and 
strength to all those parts, standing as it doth in a very good 
place for His Majesty's service, and purposing as they do the 
like in other places, he desires to encourage them, finding but 
few hei-e that go about the like good, although they have 
had experience enough what mischief has been suddenly done 
here by neglect thereof. They fear lest some that have books 
should thrust in some of their parcels. Hence their humble 
suit for the said fee-farm. Both have been ancient servitors 
in this kingdom. — Dublin, 26 May 1607. 
P. 1. Add. Endd. 

May 27. 215. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Attorney -General. 

^o\%^l^2zL ^^^^^1 O'Hara and others having sued him (the Lord 

Deputy) for themselves and their tenants, that, as they were 



IRELAND —JAMES I. 151 



1607. 

afraid to be falsely accused by some of the inhabitants (who 
bore them ill will), for relieving of some of the wood kerne 
who were lately out in the county of Antrim, they might 
have His Majesty's pardon; the Attorney-General is to 
prepare a fiant containing a pardon to the undernamed per- 
sons to the number of three-score and eight, of whom Cahall 
O'Hara, of the Kearte, in the county of Antrim, Esq., is the 
first.— Dublin Castle, 27 May 1607. 

Pjp. 2^. Orig. Add. Endd. : " Cahall O'Hara and others 
pdoned. 27 May 1607." 

May 26. 216. Earl of Tyrone to the King.i 

vrr2^f Te^' -^^^ Majesty had restored him to such lands as he and his 

' ' ancestors had enjoyed in her late Majesty and her predecessors' 

times, excepting Sir Henry Oge O'Neill's country and Sir 
Turlough M'Henrie O'Neill's country, and certain other par- 
cels of land reserved to His Highness. But now there are 
many that seek to deprive him of the greatest part of the 
residue ; for the Lord Bishop of the Derry not only claims for 
himself lands whereunto none of his predecessors ever made 
claim, but also sets on others to call into question, that 
which never heretofore was doubted to be his (Tyrone's) and 
his [ancestors'. His Majesty's counsel-at-law likewise calls 
in question, namely, Killitragh, Glanconkene, Slieveshiose, 
Slught-Art, and Iraght-I-Cahan, as not being specially named 
in his letters patent, whereas, in truth, there is not one parcel 
particularly named in them ; and by the like reason they may 
take from him all the lands he holds. Prays, therefore, for 
new letters patent to him and his heirs, of the parcels before 
recited by special name, in the form usually granted to His 
Majesty's subjects of this kingdom, amongst whom he will, 
during life, endeavour to deserve to be in the number of the 
most faithful. Begs him also to direct the Lord Deputy and 
Council, and his other ofl&cers and ministers, that he may be 
permitted to continue in such possession as he enjoyed before 
the last general troubles in her late Majesty's time, until by 
ordinary course of law he shall be evicted. — MeUifont, 26 May 
1607. 
P. 1. Add. Endd. 

May 27. 217. Sir A. Chichester to Salisbury.^ 

^•^•'J^f^g^' On Monday, 18th instant, the enclosed were found at the 

' * door of the Council Chamber, and brought to Sir William 

Ussher, clerk of the Council, to whom they were directed. 
Sir William, when he had perused the first line, delivered 
them to him (Chichester). Imparted them to such of the 
board as were then with him, and is advised to transmit them, 
as concurring in many parts with the discovery made to his 
Lordship by A.B. ; otherwise should have taken them as im- 

' Printed at length in Mechan's Tyrone and Tirconnell, pp. 89-91. 
2 Jbid.i pp. 96-99. 



152 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

postures to deceive him. Sends the original itself, which he 
begs to have returned, as the hand may in time discover the 
author. Is doubtful how far the danger is real. Has not 
imparted to any man as yet what his Lordship transmitted 
to him by Strowd, but will now acquaint the Treasurer, Chief 
Justice, Sir Oliver Lambert, and Sir Oliver St. John, with the 
contents of A. B.'s discovery ; they are all very worthy 
gentlemen, wise in observation, and quiet in execution. 
Observes an unusual privacy in some principal men near ad- 
joining, who heretofore were wont to resort unto him, which 
he should not have noted had he not been forewarned. 

Tyrone, being lately called hither upon the complaint of 
O'Cahan, has carried himself very untemperately in private 
speeches, and unrespectively by action at the Council table, 
snatching a paper out of O'Cahan's hand, and renting it in 
his presence. Suffered this to pass with slight reproof mei-ely 
to make him understand he did amiss. Of O'Cahan's cause 
his Lordship shall hear more by the next. 

This last term, one Howth alias St. Lawrence, and one 
Art M'Eorie M'Mahon, were arraigned in the King's Bench for 
plotting the betraying of this Castle. The matter was first 
discovered to him (Chichester) by Howth himself ; and Art 
M'Eorie being apprehended and examined, after many demals 
confessed at last that Howth had broken the matter with him, 
and said that he used the name of Christopher St. Lawrence 
unto him as a motive to induce him to the plot. This Howth 
absolutely denied, but charged him with the like, naming his 
associates in the north, and among others one Shane M'Phyllip 
O'Reilly, who is now upon his keeping. This being delivered 
in the court, could not but come to his hearing, which belike 
has made him fearful. Will send for him, and is persuaded 
he will come to him, or he shall soon after lose his head. 
They are both condemned, but stayed from execution in hope 
by them to discover more ; and as yet they cannot, otherwise 
than by conjecture, learn who was the first breaker of the 
matter to the other. 

Has a report by sundry merchants lately arrived from Spain, 
that the Hollanders have given a great blow to the Spanish 
fleet in the Straits, and attend upon the coast of Spain, to 
do them farther annoyance. Has spoken with the parties 
themselves, who had speech with some of the Hollanders at 
sea. They can tell of no embargo of English ships in Spain, 
which makes him think the advertisement which he trans- 
mitted by Strowd, coming from the President of Munster to 
his servant, was grounded upon some false report, of which 
this country is full.— Castle of Dublin, 27 May 1607. 

Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : " Concerning a libel cast forth in 
Dublin of intended treasons." Encloses, 

S.r., Ireland, 218. To Sir William Ussher, Cleric of the Council, &c., <&c. 

vol. 221, 57, I. T^ ^ , . -. . -I i-r ±' J- T7 h 

Professes zeal for his country, and affection for Ussher. 
Not long since luas called into the company of some Catholic 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 153 



1607. 

gentlemen, and under strictest secrecy was informed 0/ their 
purpose to murder or poison the Lord Deputy. Drogheda, 
whither they hear he intends shortly to remove, was thought a 
place apt and secure to act the same. Along with his Lord- 
ship, or before, the first opportunity will he taken to cut off Sir 
Oliver Lambert. These two lights thus put out, they fear not 
any in the kingdom ; the rest they will pick up one after 
another, and serve their turns with them. The small dis- 
persed garrisons must either submit through hunger, or be 
penned up as sheep to the shaTubles. They hold the Castle 
of Dublin for their own, as being neither rtianned nor 
victualled and readily surprised. The towns and the country 
are for them, the great ones abroad in the North and the West 
are prepared to answer the first alarm. The Catholic King 
has promised, and the Jesuits warrant from the Pope, men 
and means to second the first stirs ; yet will reserve the 
Spanish succours for the last gasp. As soon as the state is 
dissolved, they will elect a Governor, Chancellor, and Council 
out of the Grand Council of the kingdom, and despatch 
submissive letters to His Majesty, trusting more to his un- 
willingness to be embarked in such a war, and to his facility 
to pardon, and grant tolerance in religion, such as France and 
the Lovj Countries enjoy, than to the Catholic King^s subjection. 
Lf His Majesty listen not to their motions they will have 
time enough to fortify the maritime towns and coasts and 
call to their aid the Spanish forces, into whose arms at laM 
they resolve to cast themselves. After he had heard this and a 
great deal more, he consented to further those projects. Though 
tormented with reraorse ever since, luill not betray his friends, 
and takes this means of enabling them to avert the danger 
by preparations against it which will deter the conspirators 
from the attempt. Advises that the places of principal 
strength 'may be victualled, and that Sir Robert Newcomen 
may be despatched on this service. 

Upon the last page has been added : " This is the original 
itself Delivered by Sir William Usher upon opening 
thereof and perusing the first line, on Monday, the 18th of 
May 1607. Arthur Chichester, Tit. Ridgeway, James Ley, 
Jeff. Fenton, Humfrey Wynche, 01. St. John.'' 

Pp. 3. Endd. : " Libel." 

Carte Papers, 219. EXAMINATION of BeIAN O'DuHY, servant to ArTE 

vol. 61, p. 14. M'ROORY. 

Saith that his master came to that town [Dublin] that day 
fortnight from his own house in Cremorne, in the county of 
Monaghan, to appear in the King's Bench at the suit of one 
Murgb O'Mullegan, of Drogheda, and that Mr. Dillon was his 
counsel. Being demauded what company liis master kept, 
and where he lay since his coming thither, said he hiy at 
Lieutenant Cester's house in [High ?] street some weeks, and 



154 IRELAND—JAMES I. 

1607. 

removed from thence for want of means, and went over the 
water to the constable's house upon the Great Green, where 
he lay till the night preceding, and saw none out of Ulster hut 
Bryan Rough M'Edmond M'Mahon, of Ballynelorgan, in the 
county of Monaghan, who came thither, being sent for by 
[blank in the original], to declare to him the meares of 
Ballyhanroghie, in Clancarwell. His master lay at his host's 
since noon the day before till he went to bed, about eight 
o'clock, and did not leave the house all night ; and had in 
his company Captain Edmond Barrett and three or four of his 
friends. His master intending to go home next day (as 
Mr. Dillon told him he had lost his suit) rose at daybreak, 
and would have saddled his horse, but the good man of the 
house would not suffer him to take away the horse because of 
his debt for diet and lodging. He refused to take a white 
satin doublet and fair cloak in pawn. In the meantime 
George Howth came with a file of soldiers and apprehended 
examinate and his master. 

On the same morning, before the arrest, the said Howth 
visited his master and said he knew a man at The Grange who 
would furnish him (Howth) with some money, and he would 
pay his master's debt, out of a liking he had to his master, if 
he would leave his horse in pawn. His master then bade 
examinat go with Howth and see to bringing the money. 
Examinat knew no matter of secrecy between his master and 
Howth, but was of opinion that he had a great mind to his 
master's horse, and that in hope of compassing him he would 
devise any way he could in the woi-ld. 

Signed at foot : Geo. Sexten. 

Pp. 2. Orig. Endd.: "The examination of Bryan O'Duhy, 
servant to Arte M'Rowry." 

S.P., Ireland, 220. OFFICES without REVERSION. 

vol. 221, 57, A. ^ j.g^ of offices in Ireland of which the reversion has not 

been granted. 

P. 1. Not signed or add. 

May 29. 221. The King to Sm Arthur Chichester. 
Phiiad. Papers, ^0 pass the manor of Reban in the county of Kildare, and 

vol. 1, p. 207. ^^^ manor of Fynine M'Owen M'Carty of Iniskine, slain in open 

rebellion, and the lands of Mahorra and Burrame in Munster, 
lately possessed by Dermond Meall M'Carthy, likewise slain 
in action of rebellion, to the King's servant, Robert Carre, in 
fee-farm without fine, reserving to the King out of the pre- 
mises now in lease many years to David, Lord Buttevant, 
such rents as the said "^Lord Buttevant payeth ; and for 
Reban such rents and service as by office found after the 
death of Christopher St. Michael, late baron of the said Reban, 
slain likewise in rebellion, to be fit to be paid for the same, 
to be held of the Crown under such clauses and covenants as 



IRELAND—JAMES I. 155 



Tol. 221, 58. 



1607. 

in like grants have been accustomed. — Westminster, 20 May, 
in the fifth year of the reign. 

P. |. Add. Inrol. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: 
" Of the 29tt of Maye 1607. From the Kinges Mtie in the 
behalfe of M^^ Carre for the fee-farm of Rebane, &c. Receaved 
the IS^h of June eodem." 

June 1. 222. The Archbishop of Dublin to Salisbury. 

^v^r^sf^Ts^' His Lordship, by letter of the 29th April last, desired his 

furtherance to the passing of a book of certain lands in this 
kingdom bestowed by His Majesty upon Auditor Goston. 
Whoever induced his Lordship to recommend this suit unto 
him, omitted to make it known to him that his (the Arch- 
bishop's) daughter and her eight children, being but tender 
infants, are by her late Majesty's grants interested, almost for 
fifty years to come, in the possession of Tryternaghter, which 
now by this book is granted to the said auditor. Thus the 
posterity of Captain William Piers, an ancient servitor, and 
of good desert, especially in the cutting off of the traitor 
Shane O'Neale, and the Archbishop himself, who bends his 
endeavours to perform any acceptable service, are very like 
to be turned a-begging. But as it has pleased his Lord- 
ship for his own sake, to require his favour in passing this 
grant, he promises to give no impediment to the passing of 
this book. — St. Sepulchre's, Dublin, 1 June 1 607. 
P. 1. Add. Endd. Sealed. Signed. 



voL 221, 59. 



June 1. 223. Sir Oliver St. John to Salisbury. 
^'^'Ilf^^g' Has hitherto forborne to write to his Lordship concerning 

any public business, the relations of them so often and 
sufficiently being made from him that can best perform it ; 
but now, an accident of extraordinary moment having fallen 
out in the controversies now depending between the Earl 
of Tyrone and O'Cahan, it being a matter of special con- 
sequence to the well-settling of the Northern parts, he pre- 
sumes to submit the result of his observations. 

The country of Colrane, commonly called O'Cahan's 
Country, lies between the rivers of Bann and Loughfoyle, 
stretching itself as a tongue into the Northern sea towards 
Scotland. It is a large and well-peopled country, being 
able to make in times of war 400 foot and 140 horse of 
the best and most warlike in the Nortli, and, by reason of 
the neighbourhood of Scotland, heretofore best able to be 
supplied with necessary means for the continuance of a war. 
This country for many years hath been possessed by the 
name and race of O'Cahan, and by such freeholders and 
immediate followers as lived there under them, who yielded 
unto O'Cahan chief rent and Irish services, yet retaining that 
interest in the country, that, as often as O'Cahan died, they 
took upon them by the law of tanistry, to make choice of 
such an one of the name and race of O'Cahan as by birth, 



156 IRELAND — JAMES I. 

1607. 

years, and worth was fittest to be made O'Cahan : who being 
so elected by them, received his full confirmation and esta- 
blishment from him that then was O'Neale, as from their 
superior lord whose royalty and feudatory O'Cahan was ever 
reputed, which the O'Cahans have always acknowledged by 
paying unto the O'Neales, an ancient yearly tribute of 21 
cows in the name of kish ree or " King's rent," have yielded 
them rising out of horse and foot for the public defence, 
and endured their cuttings and cesse and other like tyrannous 
exactions ; and the O'Neales, as the best and ablest of their 
royalties, have always reallowed them most as well in matters 
of war as of council, and claim as an honour in the bar- 
barous savage inauguration of O'Neale to make him O'Neale 
by casting a shoe over his head, and in this nmnner hath 
O'Cahan ever been accounted the free possessionary lord of 
Colerane, and the country of Colerane hath likewise acknow- 
ledged O'Cahan to be their immediate lord, although the whole 
country were held by O'Cahan by the former rents and services 
of O'Neale as their superior lord. 

Donogh Ballagh O'Cahan, now chief of his name, followed 
the Earl of Tyrone in the last rebellion, but withdrew himself 
from him long before the Earl's submission, and became a 
subject to the Queen upon promise made him that he should 
enjoy his country by patent from the Crown, and be free from 
all manner of command of the Earl of Tyrone or any of the 
O'Neales, which promise was confirmed by a grant of a 
custodiam of his country made unto him under the great 
seal, and testified by letters written from the Lord Deputy 
and Council here to the Lords in England. 

Afterwards the Earl of Tyrone making his submission and 
going into England, O'Cahan remaining behind upon the 
promises formerly made him, and no man soHciting anything 
for him, the Earl obtained a grant of all the lands that were 
Con, Earl of Tyrone's grandfather's, without any exception of 
O'Cahan's country, whereby he persuaded himself that under 
those general words he had carried all the country of Colrane 
and made it his proper possession ; whereas he and his an- 
cestors had nothing out of those countries but the chief 
rents afore-mentioned and his Irish exactions, and at his 
return into Ireland drew O'Cahan, though with much grudging 
and complaining of the breach of promise made unto him, to 
believe so too ; who thereupon fell to an agreement with the 
Earl as a tenant with his landlord, and first bargained with 
him to pay him 200?. per annum ; afterwards they fell to a 
new agreement and parted the country between them, the Earl 
accepting the third part of the country and leaving the 
other two to O'Cahan, yet with this provision, that the bargain 
should continue but during both their pleasures. 

Now O'Cahan, understanding that the Earl has mis- 
persuaded him, that indeed by law the country of Colrane 
was not passed to the Earl, Con, the first Earl, never having 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 157 



1607. 

had any other possession of the country but the aforesaid 
rent and Irish exactions, and that by virtue of the act of 
attainder of Shane O'Neale (11 of the Queen), the whole 
country of Colrane was yet remaining in the King's hands 
to be disposed of where His Majesty should please, resolving 
to hold immediately of the Crown, and to be freed for ever 
from Tyrone and all the race of O'Neale, has preferred his 
suit to the State here to be put again in the same condition 
as he was at the time of the Earl's submission, to hold the 
country by custodiam till His Majesty shall dispose of it, and 
to enjoy such a portion thereof as His Majesty shall think fit 
by patent to him and his heirs male. 

This is the state of the controversy between the Earl and 
O'Cahan. Is of opinion that since by law the Earl can claim 
no more out of that country but his chief rent of 21 cows, he 
ought not to be strengthened with any further grant thereof, 
but should content himself with those large territories he 
already possesseth, and that His Majesty should establish 
O'Cahao, as the best of his name, in that country in a con- 
venient fortune answerable to his quality, leaving to many 
freeholders, either natives of the country or English, as shall 
be thought necessary for the thorough planting of the country, 
and all of them yielding to His Majesty such rents and ser- 
vices as shall be agreeable with the courses taken in other 
parts of the North ; whereby His Majesty shall sever from 
the Earl's subjection a follower that in doubtful times is 
likest (if at the Earl's command) to become a dangerous 
instrument by reason of his strength and the situation of 
his country, and such a one as, being used for the service 
of the State, can most annoy him of any Lord in the North ; 
, for it is confessed by all men that after O'Cahan had left 
the Earl and submitted himself to the State, the Earl was 
never able to make way to any purpose in the North. 

Whatsoever the issue of this shall be, it will appear tliat 
as O'Cahan, being weary of the tyranny of the O'Neales, 
is desirous to be made free by the benefit of the King's 
laws, so are there many others even within Tyrone itself 
that can make as just claims to the like benefit as O'Cahan, 
and who will, according to the success of this business, 
endeavour to procure their freedoms, and thereby the great- 
ness of the Earl much better understood than heretofore 
it hath been. — Dublin, 1 June 1607. 

P]}. 5. Add. Signed. Seeded. Endd. : " Declaring the 
state of the controversy between the Earl of Tyrone and 
O'Cahan." 

June 2. 224. The Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. 

S.P., Ireland, Having examined the complaint of Rosse and Brian O'Far- 

' ■ rell and others of their kindred and name, of the sept of 

O'Farrell Bane, against a grant made unto the Baron of 

Delvin, and the Lady Dowager, his mother, of certain lands 



158 IRELAND — JAMES I. 

1607. 

possessed by them before their attainders in the county of 
Longforde/they have now at last, after much debating of the 
matter, prevailed with the Lord of Delvin and liis mother, 
voluntarily to surrender all one patent which is cancelled, 
containing not only the O'Farrells' escheated lands, but also 
divers other parcels of land in the counties of Cavan and 
Longforde, besides some of their own ancient inheritance, and 
purchased lands in fee simple within the said counties, which 
they had since rendered up and taken again of His Majesty, 
reserving thereon a small rent, the better to assure them to 
themselves, against the O'Farrells' and all others. Some other 
parcels of the O'Fan'ells' lands they had passed in another 
patent, which parcels they have by their deed smrendered. 
So that all the O'Farrells' lands granted unto them are now 
resumed and revested to His Majesty. 

Their Lordships understand for what consideration His 
Majesty was pleased to pass to the Lady Delvin and the 
Baron, her son, in fee-farm for ever, so much escheated and 
concealed lands in Meath, Westmeath, Cavan, and Longforde, 
at their election, as should amount to the clear yearly rent of 
three-score pounds of lawful money of England above all re- 
prises ; but they think it their duty to set down what they 
find in this particular of the O'Farrells' lands. The lands 
passed by the Lord and Lady of Delvin, although surveyed 
but at 211. per annum, contain a great scope and extent of 
land in that country, and they further learn from the Lord of 
Delvin that there remains yet a good portion of the said 
O'Farrells' lands, which may be reduced to the Crown by 
their attainders though hitherto there .hath been no inquisi- 
tion taken thereof, and is not included within their grants, 
but is yet at His Majesty's disposition. 

It is alleged that both Rosse and Brian claim more lands by 
far than ever properly belonged to them or their ancestors, 
and that they aspire to a greatness and superiority over the 
rest after the manner of lords of this country. Think this 
necessary to be prevented. The disproportion between the 
lords of countries and the rest of the King's poor subjects 
that dwell under them is the cause of all the disorders and 
jars that have at any time or ever will happen in this realm. 
Wherefore, if His Majesty shall restore to these O'Farrells any 
part of the said lands, provision should be made that they, 
together with some other inhabitants there of best quality, 
shall repossess only such portion of lands in freehold as any of 
them now living were lawfully possessed of before the wars, 
and no more. And the rest of the lands whose owners are 
dead or slain in action of rebellion, or otherwise extinguished, 
shall remain to the Baron of Delvin and his mother to fill up 
their book withal, or otherwise to be disposed of to persons of 
best deserts. 

May not omit to say that Rosse O'Farrell, in the time of 
the late rebellion, had conveyed his interest in that country 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 159 



1607. 

unto Cormocke M'Baron, the Earl of Tyrone's brother, and 
made him absolute lord thereof if their general design, had 
succeeded ; and this voluntarily, without any compulsion or 
fear of the rebels, whereby it may appear how worthy such a 
one is to repossess that land which he had so yielded up to 
the enemy of the Crown, 

For this reason and for consideration of the great cost 
incurred by the Lady of Delvin and the Baron, her son, in 
passing these lands, as may appear by the enclosed petition, 
they recommend that the Lady Delvin and her son may enjoy 
some reasonable portion, at least, of that land which they so 
much affect ; feeling confident that they will deserve the same 
when there shall be occasion to make demonstration of their 
faith and allegiance unto His Majesty. The rest they leave 
to the Baron of Delvin's own relation. — Dublin Castle, 2 June 
1607. 

Signed : Arthur Chichester, Tho. Dublin, Cane, Th. Ridge- 
way, Geor. Derrie, James Ley, Humfrey Wynche, Anth. Sent- 
leger, 01. St. John, 01. Lambert, Jeff. Fenton. 

Pp. 5. Add. Endd. Encloses, 

S.P., Ireland, 225. Petition of Mary Lady Dowager of Delvin and' the 
' ^' Baron Delvin, to the Lord Deputy and Council. 

Pray for letters to the King for recompense in lieu of the 
G'Farralls' lands in Longford and Cavan, vjhich they had 
surrendered to the King, 
P.l. 

S.P., Ireland, 226. The HUMBLE PETITION of ROSSE O'FeRRALL, called 

Toi. 221, 61. O'Fereall Bane, and of Bryan O'Ferrall, against 

the Claims of Lady Dowager Delvin and the now 
Baron. 

Pray for letters patent to them and their kinsmen of the 
lands in Longford. 
P. 1. 

S.P., Ireland, 227. ACCOUNT of the PROCEEDINGS in the CAUSE between 
''°'- ^^^' ^^- Lord Delvin and the O'Farrells. 

The O'Farrells state that they having been, chiefly through 
Lord Delvin's procurement, attainted and outlawed, under the 
late Queen, Lord Delvin sought to obtain possession of their 
forfeited lands by virtue of a grant of lands value 100?. per 
annum, by her late Majest}''. The O'Farrells submitted to the 
State under promise of pardon and remission of forfeiture ; 
nevertheless, the Lord Delvin having died, the present Lord 
Delvin and his mother have obtained a warrant to pass to 
them, the O'Farrells, with other lands, being nearly half the 
county of Longford. On the O'Farrells objecting, Lord 
Delvin appeared willing to take lands of like value elsewhere. 
The King having ordered that Lord Delvin's patent should be 



160 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

cancelled and the O'Farrells restored to the lands, the Lord 
Deputy and Council cited Lord Delvin, and after hearing him, 
recommended the renewal of his patent with some amend- 
ments ; and after some further litigation it was ordered by 
the Deputy and Council that a scire facias should issue to 
'prove the invalidity of Lord Delvin's patent. On this order 
the position of the O'Farrells now is : — 

That, as they suppose the Lord Delvin hath passed two 
patents since the King's coming, of several parcels of the 
O'Farr ell's lands, they may have a scire facias against the 
one as well as against the other ; otherwise, the one patent 
being overthrown, they have no remedy against the other. 

That, as His Majesty's first letter to the Lord Deputy was 
upon information that the Lord Delvin was willing to sur- 
render, directing the Deputy, upon that surrender, to pass the 
lands to the O'Farrells, now, he refusing so to do, but standing 
upon the validity of his patent in law, the O'Farrells may 
have another letter with more suflScient words to authorize the 
Lord Deputy to pass the lands to them upon the overthrow of 
the Lord Delvin's patent. 

That, His Majesty would please to signify his pleasure that 
the O'Farrells, with their kindred, may be restored in blood 
the next Parliament to be holden in that realm. 

Pp. 3. JEndd.: "1605. The proceedings in the cause 
between the Lord Delvyn and the O'Farrells." 

In margin : " 5° December." 



vol. 221, p. 36. 



June 2. 228. The Abchbishop of Dublin to Salisbury. 

^r^i^oo^^lf^-fc Recommends this nobleman [Lord Delvyn] the bearer. 

Testifies that, upon the first notice of His Majesty's pleasure, 
he absolutely surrendered his letters patent of all such lands 
as were passed unto him in the county of Longford. Thinks 
it his duty, moreover, to make it known to Salisbury that 
when he was joined to the Earl of Ormond in his several 
parleyings with Tyrone, Rosse O'Ferrall, who is now in 
England, having revolted from his duty and joined with 
Tyrone, being demanded what moved him to enter into that 
desperate course, had nothing to answer nor excuse but that 
he had given all his lands to Cormocke, Tyrone's brother, was 
become his follower, and meant to continue. Does not write 
this in any way to hinder His Majesty's gracious intentions 
towards him and others of that sept, but to make truly 
known the said Rosse's behaviour at that time, that he may 
not pretend either merit or desert in himself, but may en- 
tirely acknowledge His Majesty's grace wishing with, all his 
heart, in his detestation of rebellion, that the son of a rebel, 
for example's sake in this kingdom, may never succeed the 
father in land or inheritance. — St. Sepulchre's, Dublin, 2 June 
1607. 

P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd. : "Concerning L. Delvyn 
and the O'Farralls," 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 161 



1607. 
June 2. 229. Sir Rich. Cooke to Salisbury. 

vol. 221^ 64.* -^^^ ^^^^ unable to attend to business through illness. Sug- 

gests that the customs should be farmed for seven years only. 
—Dublin, 2 June 1607. 

Pp. 2. Signed. Add. Endd. 

June 2. 230. Transplantation of 100 Men from Northumberland. 

Toi.'22i Ts ' Observations for pressing and transporting 100 broken men 

out of Northumberland into Ireland. 
P. 1. Endd. 

June 3. 231. Lords of Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

vol 3^p 177 "^^^ ^^^y disquiet of the late borders of England and Scot- 

land being the remaining there of certain lewd and dissolute 
persons, and the transplanting of some families of them into 
that kingdom being, without doubt, the principal remedy 
liitherto provided and the most likely to plant civility there 
within a short time. His Majesty is resolved to continue that 
course of transplantation ; and, being loth to take away the 
lives of his subjects when any other means will serve, has 
given order to his commissioners to make choice of a hundred 
persons more, of that condition, to be disposed of by him (Sir 
Arthur) into some of the deficient bands. These men, who, 
being together, would perhaps be apt to do mischief, will 
then be dispersed into several quarters. They (the Lords) 
expect his (Sir Arthur's) opinion. Also desire to know where 
these men might be most conveniently landed. — Greenwich, 
3 June 1607. 

Signed : T. EUesmere, Cane, Gilb. Shrewsbury, Exeter, 
Nottingham, H. Northampton, L, Stanhope, E. Wotton, 
T. Suffolke, Salisbury. 

P. ^. Add. Endwsedhy Sir Arthur: "From the LLs. 
of the Couusell, tuchinge the Grames to be sent hither. Re. 
the 19th Nov." 

June 3. 232. The Lord Deputy and Council to Privy Council. 

^voi! Sl^ee' ^y ^®**^^^ ^^ ^^® ^^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^^' received 4th July, 

upon information sent to their Lordships from Ever M'Cowla, 
tenant and farmer to the Earl of Essex, of the barony of 
Downamayne [Donamine], containing the lands of Farny and 
ClancarroU co. Monaghan, to the efiect that the two Barons of 
Exchequer, Oglethorpe and Ellyott, being justices of assize in 
in that county, upon a bill preferred by Henry Garvey, lessee 
of lands called Ineskyne, from the Primate of Armaghe, 
directed an injunction to Ever M'Cowla to give permission to 
the said Garvey to the prejudice of the Earl of Essex, he 
being His Majesty's fee-farmer by letters patent of those two 
countries, Farny and Clancarroll, without calling the said 
Ever to answer the matter at the assize, or acquainting him 
therewith. Their Lordships had directed that both parties 
should be heard and the cause re-examined, and that in the 
meantime Ever M'Cowla should not be dispossessed. 
2.; L 



162 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

It is untrue that those lands of Iniskine do belong to the 

Earl of Essex, as was proved by the Earl of Tyrone, then 
present in the Council Chamber, and many others; who testi- 
fied that those lands of right do pertain to the Primate. Yet 
for Ever M'Cowla's better satisfaction they made an order 
that the Primate and his tenant Garvey should appear at the 
general sessions in that month, to be holden at Monaghan, 
before the Lord Chief Justice and His Majesty's Attorney, 
justices of that circuit. At which sessions also the Deputy, 
Chancellor, Chief Justice, Sir Oliver Lambert, and Sir Gerrott 
Moore were present, renewing the division of that county. 
The Lord Primate and his tenant attended the said sessions, 
and the Primate produced his evidences for those lands of 
Iniskyne, but Ever M'Cowla never once moved the matter, 
although often urged by the Primate to bring the matter in 
question. This was the cause why they forbore to trouble 
his Lordship with an answer to his of the 20th May 1606. 
Touching the form of proceeding used by the Barons after- 
wards in the Chancery, the Barons affirm that Ever M'Cowla 
was called and acquainted with Garvey's complaint, and that 
it was deposed before them that Garvey was quietly possessed 
of those lands before the rebellion, and that the whole county 
testified the lands of Iniskyne to belong to the Primate, upon 
which they were induced to establish Garvey's possession. 
The Chancellor well remembers that Walter, Earl of Essex, in 
his hearing, moved the Primate Lancaster that he might be 
his tenant of those lands, and was refused ; and in his own 
time four several primates and their tenants, viz., Lancaster, 
Longe, Garvey, and Usher, have for these 82 years past suc- 
cessively possessed those lands of Iniskyne without challenge, 
saving in the time of the late rebellion. Hence his suggestion 
touching the attachment is untrue, the ground thereof having 
proceeded fi:om some contemptuous words used by Ever 
against the court, viz., that he would not obey the said 
injunction. Whereupon he,;;,being in Dublin, was called into 
the court and reproved only for the said words, and entered 
into recognizance to permit Garvey to enjoy the possession of 
those lands until he should recover them in some of His 
Majesty's courts. It seems now that Ever M'Cowla has re- 
newed his former complaint that they have not yet done 
right to the Earl of Essex. Now as to his right and title 
to the Barony of Donamayne, containing the two countries 
called Farney and Clancarroll, in the whole amounting to 
21 ballebetos, they have ever been and will be most careful to 
preserve it ; but those lands of Iniskyne being church lands, and 
time beyond the memory of man pertaining to the Primate of 
Armagh, they are assured it is no part of his desire unlawfully 
to seek. And, therefore, upon receipt of their Lordships' 
letters, they cited Ever M'Mabon, and expostulated with him 
for abusing their Lordships by his untrue information, that 
the lands of Iniskyne belong to the said Earl. He answered 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 163 



1607. 



that he does not challenge those lands of Iniskyne in the 
Earl of Essex's right, but in his own right, as one of the 
M'Mahons, upon whom those lands are lineaUy descended, 
alleging further that the Primate of Armagh hath nothing 
due to him but only a chiefrie out of those lands, which he 
says he is contented to pay yearly. This will hereafter, in 
their opinion, be his allegation against the Earl of Essex for 
Farney and Clancarroll, if time shall serve his turn. There 
are some other parcels of lands within Clancarroll named 
White Shanganagh and Black Shanganagh, to which the said 
Lord Primate pretends title, but upon the complaint of his 
tenant demanding the possession they have left Ever M'Mahon 
in possession, and the Primate to recover what he seeks by 
course of law. 

Their Lordships' letter of the last of February contains 
another branch of a complaint sent unto them, that of Ever 
M'Cowla against Sir Edward Blaney for levying of beeves and 
other provisions by way of cesse from the Earl's tenants of 
Farney and Clancarroll, and they signify His Majesty's pleasure 
that no such taxes or burthens shall be imposed upon the Earl's 
tenants, and that Sir Edward Blaney shall yield satisfaction 
to them for such taxes as he hath already imposed upon them. 
To this part of Ever's complaint they have caused Sir Edward 
to put in his answer in writing. It is to the effect that in 
the time of Sir George Carey's government he received direc- 
tion to levy some beeves in that country for the provision of 
the soldiers in garrison at Monaghan, with which provision he 
has been charged in his account, and that for the said pro- 
visions all the inhabitants of that county of Monaghan 
received present payment at that time in the mixed moneys, 
which Ever M'Cowla alone refused to receive, and so it 
remains in the then treasurer or victualler's hands, as he con- 
ceives. But since the present Deputy was preferred to the 
Government, Sir Edward Blaney denies the taking, by way 
of cesse or otherwise, of any provisions in that barony. And 
albeit. Ever M'Cowla hath, some time since the present 
Deputy received the sword, complained of the thoroughfare of 
Sir Edward's soldiers in their travel to and from the Pale, yet 
upon due examination thereof his Lordship has found his 
complaints to be matters of so small moment that Ever him- 
self, after examination, has desired to have them suppressed. 

In another letter in behalf of Ever M'Cowla, bearing date 
the last of March last past, they signify His Majesty's express 
pleasure that Ever and two of his brethren should have the 
benefit of the King's letters, written to the late Lord Lieu- 
tenant and Deputy of this realm, bearing date the 20th of 
September, in the first year of His Majesty's reign. These 
letters belike were dehvered to Sir George Carey, for none 
such ever came to the hands of me the present Deputy. But 
what they require may be performed when their Lordships 
have perused the book of the division of that county of Mona- 

L 2 



164 IRELAND — JAMES 1. 

1607. 

ghan sent herewith ; and they humbly recommend to their 
good consideration that they will be pleased to procure war- 
rant from His Majesty for passing that county according to 
the division, or with such alterations as it shall seem good 
to His Majesty or their Lordships to insert. Upon receipt 
thereof, that business shall soon be settled. And albeit they 
have held up the rent according to the first proportion in the 
book now sent, yet they think it meet to acquaint their 
Lordships with the depopulation and poverty of the country, 
the greatest part thereof being merely waste, whereby they 
conceive there will be ill payment of the rents, which are with 
the highest if the country were fully inhabited, and far ex- 
ceeding that of their neighbour's countries. It never was paid 
except one year, but as it was taken by the seneschal with 
strong hand, 100?, well paid by this nation is better than 
200Z. promised. And where their Lordships signify that His 
Majesty's pleasure is that Ever M'Cowla's rent due to His 
Highness should be forborne, they assure their Lordships he 
hath yet paid none at all, and yet best able to do it of any 
man in Ulster. 

Beg them to move His Majesty that the rents of the 
natives of that country (and all but the Termon lands) may 
be reduced from English to Irish, if not for ever, yet for 
certain years to come ; for as they now stand, the inhabitants 
find them so heavy that they groan under the burthen, but 
by the course of reducing the money from English to Irish 
they have good hope the country will be inhabited and the 
rents well paid. Pray to understand their Lordships' plea- 
sure herein, and particularly for the Termons, of which they 
have written in the end of the book. — Castle of Dublin, 
3 June 1607. 

Are in hand with the division of the counties of Cavan and 
Fermanagh, and will endeavour to bring them to the form of 
that of Monaghan \ when the books are perfected, will send 
them to their Lordships, and will carry the business as near 
as possible with the consent and agreement of the principals, 
of those counties ; if they dissent from them in any point, it 
shall be for the better settlement of the countries and His 
Majesty's service. 

Signed : Arthur Chichester, Tho. Dublin, Cane, Geor. Derrie, 
Th. Ridgeway, James Ley, H. Wynch, Anth. Sentleger, 01. 
St. John, 01. Lambert, Ry. Cooke, Jeff". Fenton. 

Pjx 5. Add, Endd. 

[Enclosure.'] 

s.p.,^ireiaTid, 233. DIVISION of the County Monaghan. 

^^ ■ ' ' '■ The book of the division of the county of Monaghan, con- 

taining the declaration of the powers under which the county 
was formed, the division into the baronies of Monoghan, 
Troughe, Crewmorne, Dartrie, and Donamaine, the names of 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 165 



1607. 



the freeholders and tenants, the tenures of the lands, and 
rents payable.^ 

To all Christian people to whom these presents shall come 
Arthur Chichester, knight. Lord Deputy of the kingdom of 
Ireland ; Thomas, Archbishop of Dublin, Lord Chancellor of 
Ireland ; Sir James Ley, knight, Lord Chief Justice of Ire- 
land ; Sir Oliver Lambart, knight, one of the King's Majesty's 
Privy Council of the said kingdom ; Sir Garrott More, knight, 
another of His Majesty's Privy Council of the said kingdom ; 
and Sir John Davys, knight, the King's Attorney-General of 
the said kingdom of Ireland, send greeting in our Lord 
God everlasting. Whereas the King's most excellent Majesty 
by His Highness' letters patent under the great seal of 
England, bearing date at Westminster, the 4th day of July in 
the third year of his most prosperous reign of England, &c., 
and by letters of instructions from his said Majesty to us and 
others directed, hath, amongst other things, willed, appointed, 
and authorised us to repair into the province of Ulster, within 
this kingdom of Ireland, for the bounding, limiting, and 
dividing of the counties within the said province, and to 
peruse and review the former divisions and perambulations, 
that have been heretofore made of the same counties or any 
of them, and afterwards to make a new division or cutting 
of the said counties into several hundreds, canthreads, tithings, 
and manors, and to place freeholders in every the said manors, 
and also to raise and reserve unto His Majesty, his heirs, &c. 
such rents, services, and reservations, out of and for the said 
manors, lands, and tenements as are convenient, and to do all 
other things that in our discretions should be thought fit for 
the settling of the said counties and for the establishing of 
a civil policy and government in the same, as by the said 
letters patent and instructions remaining of record herein the 
High Court of Chancery, more at large may appear : — Know 
ye therefore, that we, according to His Majesty's said com- 
mandments and directions, and in discharge and performance 
of our duty in that behalf, have now lately repaired and taken 
our journey into the county of Monoghan in the said pro- 
vince of Ulster, and have duly perused and considered the 
former division of the said county of Monoghan. We have 
according to the former precedent and survey hereof made a 
new division and establishment of the said county and divided 
and surveyed the same unto several hundreds, canthreads, 

^ In the second volume of the Repertory of Inquisitions preserved in the office 
of the Rolls of Chancery in Ireland, printed under the directions of the Record 
Commissioners of 1810, will be found the survey of the county of Monaghan, 
taken in 33rd year of Queen Elizabeth (A.D. 1591). Preface, p. xxi. But the 
present inquisition and return do not appear to have been ever before printed. 
On account of its topographical and genealogical interest -we have given, without 
abridgment, the return of the tenants and the tenements, but have not thought it 
necessary to print the rents reserved to the Crown. The orthography of the local 
names in this return diflfers so widely from the modern orthography as settled by 
the Ordnance and Census publications that it would be vain to attempt to bring 
them into harmony. 



166 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



1607. 



t3'^things, and manors, and have placed divers freeholders in 
the same, with reservation of a like yearly rent and revenue 
unto His Majesty, his heirs, &c. as was reserved and payable 
out of the same county by the first division thereof. The 
particular of all which our said division, establishments, reser- 
vations, and other things done and performed by us concerning 
the premises we have caused to be written in a schedule here- 
unto annexed, and have certified and returned the same into 
the King's High Court of Chancery, there to remain as a 
record and memorial of our doings and proceedings herein to 
all posterity for ever. In witness whereof we have hereunto 
put our hands and seals the 12th day of March in the fourth 
year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord King James, &c., 
Arthur Chichester, Tho. Dublin, Cane, James Ley, Jo. Davys, 
01. Lambert. 



The county of Monoughan is 
divided into five baronies, the-^ 
names whereof are 



"monoqhan. 

Troughe. 

Crewmorne. 

Daetrie. 

donamaine. 



TbE BaEONT of MONOUGHAJJf. 

The temporal land of this barony, being 24 ballibetoghs, each ballibetogh containing 
for the most part 16 tates, each tate containing about 60 acres of land, is divided and 
allotted to the several persons hereafter named, viz., to — 

f" BallytoUaghcast le. 

-r J £ I. n- Bally Raconnill. 

In demesne, five balli- J -d u i i, 

' -< Ballyskeagnare. 

Ballyleartie. 



Ross Bane M'Ma- 
howne, viz. 



betoghsof land, viz. 



< 



In chiefry, per annum, 
85/. Enghsh, issuing 
and payable out of 
eight ballibetoghs and 
a half, the names 
whereof are, — 



Ballycorfenlagh. 
^BaUyleeke. 
Ballyim-Igowne. 
Bally Rewaghe. 
Ballineshalwye. 
Ballinevicgarrane. 
BaUinnirghie. 
Ballinefarragh. 
Bally vickenallye. 
Half ballibetogh of 
Correskallye. 



Conn M'Hugh M'Mahowne, in demesne, two 
tates, viz. - - - - - 



Patrick M'Edmond M'Cabe 
in demesne, four tates 



M'Alexander, 



1. Dromucke. 

2. Tollynarme. 

3. Carraffanagh. 



'< 



4. Gartanagh. 

5. Dromallen. 

6. Kiltubree. 

7. Lisdeniskie. 

8. Brendrome. 



Donogh M'Tirleogh M'Cabe, in demesne, 
two tates, viz. - . . . 

Owen M'Shane M'Cabe, in demesne, one! q p, 

Donogh M'Brian M'Cabe M'Donell, in de-1 ,^ y , 
mesne, one tate - - - - / ^* J^^^Jjey. 



All these tates are 
contained in the 
ballibetogh called 
Ballilecke. 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



167 



The Barony op Monoughan — cont. 



Brian M'Cabe M'Follie Oge, in demesne, 1 jj^ TireM'Dowan. 

one tate, viz. . . _ _ j ' 

Follie M'Cabe, in demesne, one tate - - 12. ToUygillane. 

^tate^^ ^'^""''^ ^*^^^^' '^ •^^"'^'''^' '*''!J13. Cavanegarvane. 
Owen M'Cabe, in demesne, 1 tate - - 14. Lisnashunnagh. 

Brian M'Owen M'Connell, in demesne, one 1 , ^ Cromeline 

tate - - - - - J * 

Alexander M'Cabe, in demesne, one tate - 16. Coreneglare. 



Owen M'Brian M'Mahowne, in demesne, four 
tates _ _ . - 



Hugh M'Corbe M'Con M'Mahowne, in de- 
mesne, four tates, viz. . . - 

Conn M'Gill Patrick M'Mahowne, in de- 
mesne, one tate, viz. - - - j 

Hugh M'Owen M'Brien M'Mahowne, in de- 1 
mesne, one tate, viz. - - - / 

Ai't, brother to Patrick M'Hugh M'Mahowne, 1 
in demesne, two tates - - - j 

Wm. Field, a servitor for that the first patentee 1 
died without issue, in demesne, two tates - J 

Ai't M'Hugh Roe M'Mahowne, in demesne 



2 tates, viz. 



:} 



26. 

27. 
28. 
29. 
30. 
31. 
32. 

33. 
34. 



Art M'Mannes, FitzPhillip, M'Mahowne, in 1 

demesne, 2 tates - - - - J 

r35 
Rory and Edmond, the two sons of Gilleduff „/- 

FitzPatrick M'Mahowne, in demesne, 4< 



tates 



James M'Mahowne, in demesne, 2 tates, "( 39. 



VIZ. 



Toole M'Mahowne in demesne, 2 tates 



37. 
38. 



40. 
41. 

.42. 
Brian FitzJames M'Mahowne, in demesne, "T 43. 

2 tates - - - - - J 44. 

Art FitzMannes MTVTahowne, in demesne, 1 45. 

2 tates - - - - - j 46. 

Art M'Rory FitzOwen M'Mahowne, in de- 1 47. 

mesne, 2 tates - - - - j 48. 



Piers Hams, a servitoi', for that the first 
patentee died without issue, in demesne 
2 tates - - - - 



Ballaghiland. 

Tregane. 

Killenecleagh. 

Dromgale. 

Gortmore. 

Dromeshenny. 

Rathe. 

Naghill. 

Coretagher. 

Killcorragh. 

Carnebane. 

Aghenebracke. 

Cornestowe. 

Cabbragh, 
, Dromegarve. 
, Greaghhane. 

}Cromelin, 2 
tates so called. 
Drom Rottagh. 
Culmulkilly. 
Killonserlie. 

MuUaghmore. 

Cowledaghe. 

Dirrey. 

Collrey. 

Tollenore. 

Kiltedoe. 

Carne. 

Kilmultaghie, 

Cavan Reagh. 

Liskarney. 



Terrecane. 



In the ballibetogh 
called Ballinac- 
I-gowne. 



In the ballibetogh 
called Ballireaghe. 



Rob. Field, a servitor, in the same respect, in 1 51. 1 ci,„i|3gg 
demesne, 2 tates - - - - j 52. J 

Tirleogh M'Mahowne, in demesne, 2 tates - < ./ \ Sivack. 

Patrick FitzConn M'Mahowne, in demesne, t 55. Dromaghagalven. 



In the ballibetogh 
called Ballineshal- 
vine. 



2 tates 



56. Cowlick. 



168 IKELAND— JAMES I. 



The Baron r of Monoughajst — cont. 



Hugh boy M'Cahill JVMahowne, in de- 1 57. 1 ^.^^^^j^^^^^^^ 

mesne, 2 tates - - - - j 58. J 

Patrick FitzOwen M^Mahowne, in demesne, 1 59. 1 Tireraner. 

2 tates - - - - - J 60. J MuUaghsillagh. 

Hugh M<Melaghlin M'Mahowne Fitzrowrie, 1 61. 1 ^ ,,. 

in demesne, 2 tates - - - j 62. j 

James Field, a servitor, the first patentee"] co r^ y,- % 

being dead without issue, in demesne, 2 >^.* ^ i^-n 

tates J ^^' ^i^ohill. 

Edward Corbett, a servitor, for like respect, r^^-f ^^^^7^^- '° ^^^ ballibetogh 

in demesne, 3 tates, viz. - -A l^' rf^^^g^gamyne. called BaUmcgar- 

' ' 1^67. Lootrymore. ran. 

{68. Killefe. 
69. Tamaght. 
70. Garraowtragh. 
[Garran-Otra.] 

Ai-t M'Gilpatrick M'Ever M'Mahowne, in f*^^- Garrenetragh. 

demesne, 2 tates - - - A ^n a LJ^^^^i^^'-L^'a-J 

' (_72. Aghneshane. 

Hugh M'Felim M'Mahowne, in demesne, 2 1 73. Geoghmore. 

tates - - - - - J 74. Geoghbegg. 

Patrick Oge M'Gilpatrick M'Ever M'Ma-l^- -j- . 

howne, in demesne, 1 tate - - j ' ^ * 

Owen M'Art M'Hugh M'Ever M'Mahowne, 1 ►^^ t • i i ^^^■ 

1 1 X J- • ? 7d. Lissnekawowkillie. 

m demesne, I tate, viz. - - - / 

Richard Preyce, a servitor, the first patentee "1 

being dead without issue, in demesne, 1 >77. Killcorbe. 

tate - - - - -J 

Cooloe M'Ever M'Mahowne, in demesne, 1 1 >7o t i t. 

tate - - - - ./'^- Lyskengarragh. 

TThe middle tate lying 
on the east side to- 
Felim M'Brien M'Felim M'Mahowne, in 1 wg I wards Tyrone in 
demesne, 1 tate - - - " J | ^^^ ^i^l called 

Lissne Karrow- 
killie. 

TThe other middle tate 

John Preyce, a servitor, the first patentee"! | lying south-west 

being dead without issue, in demesne, 1 ?80.'^ from the foresaid 

tate - - - - -J I tate towards Ty- 

(^ rone. 

J 81. Listraghan. In the ballibetogh 

82. Corredowles. called Ballimurghie. 

tates . - - . . 83. Caremorghie. 

^84. Ballieguy. 
r85. Ardmaglogney. 
Gabriel Throgmorton, a servitor, in de- ) 86. Ballibattoge. 
mesne, 4 tates - - - - ] 87. Anagh Roe. 

(^88. Lisdromekeney. 
r89. Aghnegappie. 

Patrick Dowdall, in demesne, 4 tates '"( qi It h 

[92!/ 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 169 



The Babony of Monoughan — cont. 



Jam es M'Mahownc, in demesne, 4 tates J ^^; V^aml^ArYagh^ 

Memorandum. — These last 16 tates were at first entirely allotted to Captain 
Humfery Willies, of whom, because we find now no issue to claim, we have 
divided and allotted the same again now in manner as is above set down, both 
for His Majesty's advantage and better settling of the country. 

["97. Bradoge. In the ballibetogh 

T, . • r 1 -J A ^ ^ J 98. Coradie. called Ballinefar- 

Barnabie Lorkan, m demesne, 4 tates .<^ ^g Corlongarte. raghe. 

1^100. Coseboy. 

Dominick Dermot, son to Lawrence Der-f}^^; LjgWafinshie. 
mot, m demesne, 3 tates - -^ j^g Coraghnegowan. 

{104. Anagh M'Neale. 
105. Corrad M'Neale. 
106. Correlee. 

Thomas Kelly, in demesne, 2 tates - - { J^^; KmenTmfddy. 

Ever M'Brien M'Mahowne, in demesne, 2 \ 109. "(^ Xemeskawev 
tates - - - - -/llO. J ^* 

David Cartane, in demesne, 2 tates - { } } ^ ; L^Tmakirke. 

Memorandum. — Christofer Fleminge, of the Newry, merchant, maketh title to these 
last- written 16 tates, and is possessed thereof by pm-chase from these freeholders 
to whom they were allotted in the first division of the country ; all which we 
think fit also to be confirmed unto him, so he pay the rents growing since Easter 
last, and perform such covenants and conditions as in the former letters patent 
or books of allotment are contained, and do forthwith endeavour to plant the 
same with honest civil people. 

David Blaney, a servitor, for that the first [JJ^'^S^^^^^^^^^^Sb. In the ballibetogh 
patentee is dead without heir, in demesne,< j j c* ? Neshantony. ,y * iviCKe- 



116. Skecoyle. 

117. Dromhurte. 

118. Donederaine. 



-I' 



19. Tokolate. 



4 tates 

Donagh M'Tirleogh M'Ardell, in demesne 

2 tates - - - - • 

John Preyce, a servitor, the first patentee 

being dead, without issue, in demesne 

tate ... - 

CooUe M'Ardell, in demesne, 2 tates - { j|0; |f,'f^Xt 

Henry Craven, a servitor, for that the first"] 

patentee is dead without issue, in de- > 122. Bally veckanbane. 

mesne, 1 tate - - - -J 

Phillip M'Ardell M'Gilpatrick M'Cooley, in f 123. Rathkiraght. 

demesne, 2 tates - - - - \ 124. Carrakenerane. 

Edmond M'Ardell, in demesne, 2 tates - i J^^* ^r^^^^"^' 

Henry M'Ardell, in demesne, 1 tate - 127. Lisnakorke. 

Abraham Padney, in demesne, 1 tate - 128, Ardaghgreagh. 



170 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



The Baeont of Monoughan — eont. 

ri29. Corneskelfee. In the half ballibe- 
Thomas Fitz James, Garlon, in detnesne, 4 J 130. Correvolen. togh called Corres- 

tates - - - - - I 131. CorreduU. kallie. 

(.132. Aghelick. 
ri33. Dromore. 
Redmond M'Brian M'Mahowne, in demesne,] 134. Killagharnane. 
4 tates - - - - -j 135. Fedowe. 

[_136. Clonelolane. 

Memorandum. — Christopher Fleming aforesaid hath title and possession in these 
4 last tates by purchase from the above-named freeholders, which we think fit 
to confirm unto him, he doing and performing covenants and other things, as 
in the last memorandum concerning him is set down and limited. 

Art M'Hugh Roe M'Mahowne, in demesne, "| 

by consent of his uncle Ross Bane, above >Balliblagh. 

mentioned, the half ballibetogh called 
Sir Edward Blaney, knight, seneschal oF 

Monoughan and constable and keeper of 



the castle and fort of Monoughan, in de- 
mesne, the three ballibetogh s about Mo- 
noughan generally called Loughtee, the 
particular names whereof are 



Ballycaslane. 
^BaUilurgan. 
Ballynneghan. 



These lands were anciently, and so are allotted to the maintenance of His Majesty's 
castle and fort of Monoghan, and are now demised over to Sir Edward Blaney 
for 21 years, if he live so long, &c. 



Sir Patrick M'Arte 
Moyle, knight, viz.'^ 



T , ,1 T. 1 f Ballymaccoole. 

•In demesne, three bal- I Sallinecorelee. 
hbetoghs, VIZ. -[Ballyhue. 



In chiefry, per annum,^ Ballvclanowear 
401 English, issmng I BaUymenrewe. ' 
and payable out of yB^ji^kHnlaghe. 
4 ballibetoghs, the Ballytirebruyne. 

. names whereoi are — J *' •' 



Patrick M 'Brian M'Cabe, being found by a 
jury the legitimate son of Brian M'Cabe< 
FitzAlexander, in demesne, 5 tates 



Patrick M'Edmond M'Cabe FitzAlexander, 
in demesne, 1 tate - - 

Cormock M'Cabe, in demesne, 2 tates 



Rosse M'Arte Moyle, in demesne, 2 tates - 

James M'Edmond boy M'Cabe, in demesne, 
1 tate - - - - - 

CoUoe M'Art Oge M'Mahowne, in demesne 
1 tate - . - - 

Patrick M'Arte Oge M*Mahowne, in regard 
there is good hope of his honest deserts, 
and that the first patentee disclaimeth, in 
demesne, I tate - - - - 

Toole M'Toole M*Alexander M'CJabe, in 
demesne, 1 tate - - - - 



1. Lissenarte. 

2. Cremoyle. 
5. Sharaghanadan. 
L Nealoste. 

5. Tirehannely. 

6. Curleighe. 

7. Aghenelogh. 

8. Derraghlin. 

9. Benage. 

10. Cowlerasack. 

11. ToUagheisce. 



*' 1 12. Dromegeryne. 



In the ballibetogh 
called Balliclun- 
owgar. 



Corevanane. 



Turrgher. 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



171 



The Barony of Monoughan — cont. 



James M'Tirleogh M'Cabe,'in demesne, 1 tate 15. 
Brian M*Art Oge M'Mahowne, in demesne, ' 
1 tate - - - - 



>16. 



Christopher Fleming, of the Newry, mer- 
chant, in demesne, one whole baUibetogh, 
containing 16 tates, which were in the 
first division allotted to him 



< 



> 



Tirleogh O'Counellie, in demesne, one whole 
ballibetogh, containing as above, but the 
Lord of Lowthe claimeth the same wholly 
by purchase from the said Tirleogh, the< 
title whereof we leave to the decision of 
law, because we find the said Tirleogh in 
possession - . - - 



17. 

18. 

19. 

20. 

21. 

22. 

23. 

24. 

25. 

26. 

27. 

28. 

29. 

30. 

31. 

52. 

■33.-^ 

34. 

35. 

36. 

37. 

38. 

39. 

40. 

41. > 

42. 

43. 

44. 

45. 

46. 

47. 

48. 



All which being "] 



1S( 

vicken Rene. 



All which being "^ 
klinlagh. J 



Conn M'Rory M'Arte Moyle, in demesne, 
6 tates - - - - 



'49. 

50. 

^51. 

52. 

53. 

^54. 

Redmond M*Owen M'Aghie, in demesne, 2 '\'55. 
tates - - - - - J 56. 

Arte M'Brian M'Mahowne, in demesne, 2") 57. 
tates - - - - - J 58. 

Conn M'Ardell M'Mahowne, in demesne, 1 1 ^q 
tate - - - - ■ / ' 

Patrick M'Ever M'Mahowne, in demesne, 1 \ g^ 
tate - - - - " i ' 

Brian M'Conn M'Mahowne, in demesne, I tate 61. 
Redmond M'Brian Oge M'Mahowne, in\g2 
demesne, 1 tate - - - - J * 

M'Laghlin M'Cabe M'Owny, in demesne, 1 1 53 
tate - - - - - J ' 

Hugh M'Ross M'Rory M'Mahowne, in de- 1 g . 
mesne, 1 tate - - - -/ * 



Killykoradugh- 

tragh. 
Gervaghe. 
Dirrenetoney. 
AgherishaUow. 
Narte. 
Inishamen. 
SiUowe. 
Molleglassane. 
Lystmane. 
Corenyer. 

Lesseneghane. 

Magherie. 

Dromergellane. 

Kinkoragh. 

Kilkrine. " 

Dromompery. 



In the ballibetogh 
called Ballitirre- 
bruyne. 



172 



IRELAND— JAMES 1. 



The Baeony op Troughe. 

The temporal lands of this barony, being 16 ballibetoghs, each ballibetogh containing 
for the most part 16 tates, each tate containing about 60 acres of land is divided and 
allotted to the several persons hereafter named, viz., to — 

fin demesne, three balli- f Balledawoughe. 
betoghs,< Ballyneney. 
viz. - |_ Ballylattin. 

' Tollagh, 2 tates 



Patrick M'Kenna, 
viz. - 



I 



< 



jj 



Direcashell, 2 tates, 
Pallis, 2 tates. 

12 tates, , P?rtneagh. 
J-^ Disserte. 
Tyrarmowe, 
Killarowle^ 

Nemewe. 



viz 



In chiefry, per annum, 
60/. 12*. 6d. English, 
issuing and payable . 
out of six ballibe-^ 
toghs, the names 
whereof are, — 



Brackagh. 
^ Ballinesmere. 



Ballikilklivane. 
Bally tone. 
Ballyreaghe. 
Ballyaghreske. 
Ballekillmurre. 



James M'Mahowne M'Aghie M'Eosse 
M'Brian, in regard he is recommended 
for his service, the former patentee being 
slain in rebellion, in demesne, 4 tates 

Hugh M'John M'Mahowne, in demesne, 
2 tates - - - - 

Toole M'Kenna, in regard he was recom-' 
mended for service, the first patentee 



being 

tates 



slain in rebellion, in demesne, 2 



Hugh Oge 
tates 



M'Mahowne, in demesne, 



John Bedy M'Kenna, because he is recom- 1 , , 
mended for service and the first patentee >,n' 
is fled the country, in demesne, 2 tates ' 

Brian M'Shanegh, in demesne, 4 tates 




Tomgane. 

Tonaghe. 

Eath-owtragh. 

Dirreneshalle. 

Iniskenryne. 

Dirrehallogh. 

Crewleagh. 
Coraghbrack. 

Clonarte-Gort- 
morey, ^ tate. 

Anesalkote, | 
tate. 

Nowteraghte. 
CorragheduiF. 



ToUiardoe. 
Direkeaghe. 
Two Cargins. 



In the ballibetogh 
called Ballinesmere. 



Doun M'Kenna, in demesne, 4 tates 



Owen M 'Mclaughlin M'Kenna, in demesne, 

1 tate 
Neale M'Toole M'Neale, in demesne, 1 ' 

tate 



ri7. 

J 18. Rathkellie. 

^19. Correneghie. van. 

20. Aghedrommooke. 

21. Dirrelaunick. 



In the ballibetogh 
called Ballikilcli- 



22. Dromore. 



Edmond M'Money M'Kenna, in demesne, i o.-. ^r^^^^t 
1 4.^^^ _ _ ' ?■ 23. Killihoman 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 173 



The Barony of Trouqhe — cont. 



Hugh M'Mannes Roe, in demesne, 1 tate - 24. | ^J^^g^^^^^ j \ tates. 

Patrick M' James Fitzpatrick Roe, in de- 1 ok n u • 
mesne, 1 tate - - - ^|25. Cronebnne. 

Ardell M'Kenna, in demesne, 2 tates - ( fj ^ilklevane. 

\ 27. Tyrerane. 
Edmond M'Money M'Kenna M'Gilleduff, "| ^o -n-r n ^ 
in demesne, 1 tate - - .]^^' MuUegadane. 

James M'Melaughlin M'Owen, in demesne, 1 oo t^ 

Itate - - - - -/^^- Dyreynane. 

Patrick Punney M'Gillegorme M'Kenna, in f??' Agheviclane. 
demesne, 3 tates - - - -< 31. Dromcaire. 



Dowsleve M'Kenna, in demesne, 3 tates 



32. Dyreseen. 

33. Mullaghtnehe- 
naght. 

Rathbyrne. 
enener. 



'\ 34. Rat] 
(.35. Dir( 

Shane Bedy M'Kenna, in demesne, 1 tate - 36. | SJ.^^^^.^'"^^ | \ tates. 

["37. Mullaghmore. In the ballibetogh 

Neale M'Kenna, in demesne, 4 tates - J ^8. Qonekyne. called Ballitoney. 

^39. Direclowne. 



Neale M'Toole Boy M'Kenna, in demesne, 
1 tate - - . - - 



.40. Greaghvassellagh. 
41. Mullenecaskye. 



Brian M'Folly M'Kenna, in demesne, 1 tate 42. Ardegenneye, 
Brian M'James M'Kenna, in demesne, 1 "1 43 / tester - 1 ^ , 

tate - - - - - / I Balliloghvallie / 2 

Brian M'Kenna, in demesne, 2 tates - s ^r' \ Tonaghs. 

Patrick M'Gilpatrick Punney M'Owen Car- "1 46. Killedonaghe. 

ragh, in demesne, 2 tates - - j 47. Direnegarde. 

Patrick M'Kenna M'Neale, in demesne, 2 1 48. Drombiscie. 

tates - - - - - / 49. Glann. 

x)T, 1 • r\ u Tv/TiTr -J of 50, 1 Two Balliveig- In the ballibetogh 

tate"^ .^^ M'Kenna,^ m demesne, 3 I ^^ j ^^^^^ ^ ^^^^^^ Balliveighfe. 

' [_52. Culleane. 

Brian Carraffh M'Kenna, in demesne, 1 1 eo a i. j 

., ° ' _ .\^^' Aghedromconer. 

Shane, the brother's son of Patrick Punney 1 ^4 ou t, 

M'Shane M'Patrick, in demesne, 1 tate - / ^*' ^^y^enerne. 
Shane Ballagh M'Kenna, in demesne, 1 tate ^^. Lissmoane. 
Brian M'Edmond Oge M'Kenna, in demesne, 1 ^Q. Killedrene. 

2 tates - - - - - j 57. Tonereske. 

fMullaghhallhin- 
Patrick Bedy M'Melaghlin M'Kenna, inl^g J nagh, itate. 

demesne, 1 tate - - - -J '] Mullaghmore, ^ 

I. tate. 
Phillip M'Gilleduff, in demesne, 1 tate - 59. MullaghcuiTane. 

Edmond M'Kenna, in demesne, 2 tates -I ^,' > Killickie. 

[61./ 

f 62. Knockybine. 

Toole M'Kenna, in demesne, 2 tates -^ 63. Dromelester and 

L Dirrenemucke. 



174 IRELAND— JAMES I. 



The Baeont op I^oughe — eont. 
Donsleve Oge M'Kenna, in demesne, 2 tates < gg' > Agherderry*^ 

66. Aghyreske. In the ballibetogh 

67. Kiiloe. called Ballaghe- 

68. Nelvae. reske. 

Arte M'Kenna, in demesne, 7 tates -i. ^^' BaUineskragh. 

' ' TO J Agnesurde and 

' \ Direvoy, ^ tates. 
71. Killebiyne. 

{72. Correclaie. 
73. Dirrecrinard. 
74. Luendenegan. 
j* Gillegullane and 
75. <^ Coregerbock, 
[^ ^ tates. 
r76. Liseagh. 
Tirleogh Duff M'Kenna, in demesne, 3 tates < 77. Dix-eclossed. 

l_78. Dromconeragbt. 
Melaugblin M'GiUegorme M'Kenna, in de- J 79. | ™f ^.^'"fSlito'ie, 

mesne, 2 tates - - - - 1 on ''t^ Vi iw 

l_80. Derehelane, ^ tate. 



Tirleogh M'Gillegonne M'Kenna, in de- "1 81."} -rr-n t *i, u n-u ^ i, 

mesne, 2 tates - - _ - - } 82. ) KiH^'^rrey. In^^t^he bambetogh 

»Tames M'Gilpatrick M'Kenna, in regard he 1 ,„„ ^ 

18 recommended tor service, the former I „_ ^7-1 r^- 

patentee being dead, without issue, in r^"^' -"^mabme. 

demesne, 1 tate - - - - J 

Cormock M'Kenna, in demesne, 1 tate - 84. Dongarboy. 

fgp f BaUinehana, 1^ 
Coconaght M' James M'Kenna, in demesne, J '\ tate. 

2 tates - - - - "I 86 / ^^ockervane, ^ 

L ' [ tate. 
John Burnet, in demesne, 1 tate - - 87. Dromeorall. 

John Davies, a servitor, the first patentee"! 

being dead, without heirs, in demesne, 1 >88. Killevane. 

tate - - - - -J 

Brian M'Gromyne M'Kenna, in demesne, \ on t^ • 1 

1 tate - - - . -j^^' -i>iasanche. 

Brian M'Cormock M'Patrick M'Kenna, in 1 r,n. -ij-n i 

demesne, 1 tate - - - ^.\^^' KiUalowe. 

Brian M'Gromyne M'Kenna, in demesne, 1 1 01 t^ 1.1 

tate - - - - -f^^* Derrenehuishe. 

Ferdoragh M'Shane M'Kenna M'Gillepatrick 1 nn m , 
Roe, in demesne, 1 tate - - - j^^. Tonaghvane. 

Owen M'Gillegorme, in demesne, 1 tate - 93. Aghesavemane. 
Patrick M'Hugh M'Melaughlin, in demesne, 1 n^ tt-ix 
1 tate - - - - - J ^^' -"-"tegerte. 

Patrick M'Hugh M'Shane M'Kenna, in de- "1 qs r^ , 

mesne, Itatl - - - . j 95. Dromadegane. 

Tirleogh M'Kenna, in demesne, 1 tate - {''' ^[Sr^a^ttagh. ■ 

Arte M'Rosse M'Mannes, in demesne, 11 n-r t^-h t. 1 

tate - - - - . 1 9' • Kilkrenan Itragh. 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



175 



Brian Oge M*Ma- 
howne als. Brian 
M'Sawgh, viz. 



The Bakont of Teoughe — cont. 

In demesne, three f Ballileggicorry. 
ballibetoghs of< BallydromaroU. 

land, viz. |_Clonode. 



In chiefry, per annum"" 
22/. 12*. 6c?., Eng- 
lish, issuing and 

payable out of two j Ballyglathe. 
ballibetoghs, the 
names whereof are, J 



Drombanker. 



Arte M'Rosse, in demesne, 4 tates, viz. 

Redmond M'Glassney M'Mahowne, in de- 
mesne, 2 tates - . - . 



I q' > Drombanker. 



In the ballibetogh 
called Balliglathe. 



/ 



le. 

5. Glananex. 

6. Taghledane. 



J> r," J. Monemore. 



9. Hiledane. 



Arte Oge M'Conn M'Mannes M'Mahowne, 

in demesne, 2 tates 
Ajte M'Rosse M'Mahowne, in demesne, 1 1 

tate - - - - - J 

Donn M'Kenna, in demesne, 1 tate - - 10. Direckoes. 

Owen M'Melaughlin M'Kenna, in demesne, 1 -i i -p) i- 

X X3(tS " " ^ • - J 

Neale M'Kenna, in demesne, 1 tate - 12. Mullaghboy. 

Rory M'Brian, in demesne, 1 tate - - 13. Legie. 

Toole M'Brian, in demesne, 1 tate - - 14. MuUaghintin. 

Tirleogh M'Kenna, in demesne, 1 tate - 15. Killena. 

Redmond, brother and heir to Patrick"! ^a tr ^ ^•^^ 
M'Glassney, in demesne, 1 tate - .]^^' Knockpadill. 

Laughlin M'Kenna, in demesne, 1 tate - 17. Shankoe. 
Rosse M'Mannes M'Patrick, in demesne, "118. Largane. 
2 tates - - - - -Jl9. Mullaghseve. 

'20. Belaghlenane, 

Killybeg, \ tates. 
21. Mullaghhurten. 
_/22. Calliff. 
\2Z. Killeconnegane. 

Neale M'Teig M'Coad, in demesne, 2 tates - 1^^; ^^ujfgrorie. 
Shane M'Neale Oge M'Edmond, in demesne, T 26. Annaghgattie. 

2 tates - - - - - / 27. Anaghmenscone. 

Melaghlin M'Melaughlin, in demesne, 2 1 28. Glasslaghes, als. 

tates - - - - - J 29. Clonkaye. 

Patrick M'Gillegorme M'Coad, in demesne, 1 30. Clonennick. 

2 tates - - - - - / 31. Cavane. 

Patrick M'Coad M'Felim, in demesne, 1 1 oo rp 

Arte, brother to Arte M'Coad, in demesne, ' 

1 tate - - - - - 

Sir Patrick M'Arte Moyle M'Mahowne, in' 

regard of the Lord Lieutenant's good 

opinion and promises to him, in demesne 

one whole ballibetogh, viz. 
Arte M'Brian M'Gillpatrick Conally for his'' 

father's service, in demesne, 2 tates, now ^Xatin'fflane 

found concealed - - - - J 



Patrick M'Cabe, in demesne, 2 tates 
Arte Boy M'Coad, in demesne, 2 tates 



33. Amolae. 



^Porteclare. 



Tollerane. 



176 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



The Bakont op Troughe — cont. 



Shane M'Patrick M*Kenna, in demesne, 2 "I Dromcarbry. 
tates, likewise concealed - - - j Kilfawne. 



The Baeony of Crewmorne. 

The temporal laud of this barony, being 21 ballibetoghs, containing for the most part 
16 tates, each tate containing about 60 acres of land, is divided and allotted to the 
several persons hereafter named. 

Sir Edward Blaney, Knight, seneschal ofl 

Monnoghan for His Majesty's special I Balliknockeoluske. 
service in demesne, 2 ballibetoghs of rBallenelurgen. 
land, viz. - - - -J 

In demesne, 3 ballibe- f S^S^'^^t?};- 
. , r 1 J • s Balleoffhill. 
toghs ofland, viz.^g^u^^f^gj^^ 



Ever M'Cooloe ; t v.- p 
M'Mahowne, viz. < I^ f^efry, per annum 
' 55/. 12*. Qd. ster- 

ling, issuing and^ 
payable out of 5^ 
ballibetoghs, the 
names whereof are 



"Ballemeghane. 
Balleneney. 
Balleraner. 
Balletawlaght. 
Bally V icken allie. 
Cargagh, ^ ballibe- 
. togh. 



Hugh M'Ever M'Mahowne, in demesne, one 
whole ballibetogh, containing 16 tates ^ 



Rorie, M'Colloe M'Mahowne, in demesne, 
half a balUbetogh, 

and 

Colloe M'Cooloe M'Mahowne, in demesne, 
the other half ballibetogh, containing 16 
tates, viz. - . - _ 



' 1." 

2. 

3. 

4. 

5. 

6. 

7. 

8. 

9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
14. 
15. 
16. 

■17." 

18. 

19. 

20. 

21. 

22. 

23. 
J 24. 
^ 25. 

26. 

27. 

28. 

29. 

30. 

31. 
^32.^ 



Called by the \ 
name of Bally- > Ballimeaghan. 
meghane. J 



Called by the V 
y name of Ball i- >Ballineney. 
neney. J 



IRELAND— JAMES T. 



177 



Cooloe M'Ever M*Mahowne, in demesne, 8 
tates .... 



< 



The Barony of Crewmokne — cont. 

r33. 

Rosse M'Hugh M'Cooloe M'Mahowne, in J 34. 

demesne, 4 tates, viz. - - ."S 35. 

L36. 
Coconaght Oge M'Ewarde, who is recom- f 37. Lissenuske. 
mended for service, the first patentee be- \ 38. Tentonagh. 
ing dead without issue, in demesne, 4 J 39. Dromeconyn. 
tates - - - - - [ 40. Corehilshenagh. 

'41. 
42. 
43. 
44. 
45. 
46. 
47. 
^48. 

r49. 

50. 

Ardell M'Ross M*Mahowne, in demesne, 6 ) 51. 

tates - - - - "1 52. 

I 53. 

[_54. 

Arte M'Patrick M'Ross M'Mahowne, in de- "1 ^^. 

mesne, 2 tates - - - - J ^Q. 

Patrick Glass M'Eward, in demesne, 2 "1 57. 
tates - - - - - / 58. 

Patrick Bane M'Eward, in demesne, 2 / 59. 
tates - - - - -\ 60. 

f fii 
Toole M'Felim Duff, in demesne, 2 tates - < ^0' 

Patrick M'Morish M^Eward, in demesne, 2 I 63. 
tates - - - - - / 64. 



Inveagh. 

Newcomrye. 

Bomlecke. 

Corvollin. 

Edinforane. 

Dromfallagh. 



In the ballibetogh 
called Ballirawer. 



In the ballibetogh 
called Ballitaw- 
laghte. 



Felim O'Duffie, who is recommended for") 65. 
service, the first patentee being dead >66. 
without issue, in demesne, 3 tates - J 67. 

Owen M'Edmond M'Mahowne, in demesne, 1 68. 
2 tates - - - - - J 69. 

Ardell M'Ever M'Mahowne, of whom good"] wq 
opinion is conceived, the first patentee I ^,' 
being slain in rebellion, in demesne, 3 \ ^n 
tates - - - - -J ' 

r73. 

Patrick Cam M'Owen DuflBe, in demesne, J 74. 

4 tates - - - - - ) 75. 

L76. 

r77. 

Hugh M'Patriek M'Cormock O'Duffie, in J 78. 

demesne, 4 tates - - - - ] 79. 

Lso. 

Patrick M'Edmond M*^Mahowne, in de- "{ g^ 
mesne, 1 tate - - - - j ' 

2. 



Lymeyre. 

Skeagh. 

Dirrenehollagh. 

> Ballaghes. 

Cooleardagh. 
Tire M'Mowe. 
Inish. 

Agheneshinagh . 
Clogherane. 
Coreneleshe. 
Droinboe. 

Brenlitter. 
Coreskeagh. 
Lyslyne. 
Shanmullagh. 

MoUanu. 



In the ballibetogh 
called Ballivick- 
enallie. 



M 



178 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



The Baeony of Crewmorne — cont. 



Cooloe M'Ever M'Mahowne, in demesne, 
half a ballibetogh, containing 8 tates 



Patrick Duflf 
M'Callogh 
M'Mahowne, 
viz. 



'J 



Called by one 
name of Cor- 
gagh. 



<^ 



■82; 

83. 

84. 

86. 

87. 

^88._ 

r Ballivicklewley. 
In demesne, 2\ ballibe- J Ballinceney. 

toghs of land, viz. j Ballilecke, \ ballibe 

(, toghe. 
In chiefry, per annum,~1 -o n- , , 
25Z. 12.; Id. sterling; | g^Jlf ^^^f ^''^' 
issuing and payable out y-D^r^^i^^ F^\ , „. 
of 21 ballibetoghs, the f Balhgleckie, \ balh 
1^ names whereof are, — J ® ogtie. 



Toole M'Edmond Carragh M'Owen in de- 1 
mesne, 2 tates, viz. - - - j 

Brian MTatrick M'Redd M'Mahowne, inl 
demesne, 2 tates, heretofore concealed - J 

GilleduffM'Ever M'Mahowne, in demesne," 



2 tates 



'-} 



1. Moy. 

2. TuUemuck. 

3. Readye. 

4. Droncore. 

5. Mullaghgarr. 

6. Clonehorne. 



Walter M'G-illie, of whom a good opinion isl 

conceived, the former patentee being dead > 7. Howlaght. 
without issue, in demesne, 1 tate - - J 

Ever M'Mahowne, in demesne, 2 tates - < g* I Crossmore. 

Manus M'Mahowne, in demesne, 1 tate - 10. Crossbeg. 
Patrick M'Shane M'Mahowne, in demesne, \ 11. Cashell. 

2 tates - - - - - / 12. Lisnekiltie. 

Hugh Carragh M'Mahowne, in demesne, "I 13. Anaghube. 

2 tates - - - - - / 14. Tonekillie. 

Arte M'Hugh M'Mahowne, in demesne, 21 15. Moyegteraght. 

tates - - - - - J 16. Glasserne. 



Patrick M'Hugh M'Cormock, in demesne, 1 
1 tate, hitherto concealed - - j 



17. Coreglagane. 



Comyn O'Clereane, in demesne, 4 tates 



ri8. LiscauduiF. 
) 19. Lappane. 
^ 20. Nawghill. 
21. Kinarde. 



22. Dromocke. 



Ever M'Toole M'Mahowne, in demesne, 4 
tates - - - « 



In the ballibetogh 
called Ballishea- 
ghaue. 



In the ballibetogh 
called Balliglaugh- 
are. 



Patrick M'Owen O'Clereane, in demesne, 
1 tate ----- 
Brian Boy O'Cleareane, in demesne, 1 tate - " '2.Z. Dromhuishen. 

Thomas O'Clereane, in demesne, 1 tate - ( ^'^^ ^^^yetiaghte. 

' ' \ [Guoy-Etraghte.J 

Thome O'Clereane, in demesne, 1 tate - j ^^- <^^oyoughtraght. 

' \ LCxuoy-Outraght.]^ 



26 

27. Cavane. 
-\ 28. Crevie. 
L29. 



^ Query, Moy-Itra— Moy-Outra? 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



179 



The Barony of Crewmorne — cont. 
Toole M'Felim Reogh M'Mahowne, in de-l g^^ DromgoUaght. 

Hugh Roe M'Mahowne, in demesne, 1 tate - 31. ToUokoniskie. 
Art M'Hugh Roe M'Mahowne, in demesne, "I gg Qrenane 

1 tate - - - - - J * 

Brian M'Hugli Roe M'Mahowne, in de- 1 33 y j 

mesne, 1 tate - - - - J ' 



Patrick M'Hugh M'Cormock, in demesne, "1 34. Crewmarten. 
Brian M'Gilpatrick M'Mahowne, in de- 1 36. Lackagh. 



2 tates - - - - - f 35. Anayeallowe. 

V 

mesne, 2 tates - - - - J 37. Cloghane. 



In the half ballibe- 
togh called Bal- 
lighleckie. 



Gille Duff, brother's son to Brian M'Art "1 38. Corekine. 

M'Mahowne, in demesne, 2 tates - - j 39. Corlaghdergane. 

Owen M'Phelim Duff M'Mahowne, in de- 1 ^q Corleaeh 

mesne, 1 tate^ - - - * " J ' 

Gille Duff M'Mahowne, in demesne, 1 tate - 41. Correcapill. 

In demesne, 2 ballibe- 1 Balleportnaw. 

toghes of land, viz. J BaUiloghlaghlin. 

In chiefry, per annum~ 

15/. 12s. 6d. sterling, 

issuing and payable out 



Art M'Roiy 
M'Brian 

M'Mahowne, 



< 



VIZ. 



Balledromgore. 
of 3 ballibetoghs, not ^Balliveighane 
containing so many tates 
as the former, the names 
whereof are,: — 



Ballikillawney. 



Owen M'Gilpatrick Moyle O'Duffie, in de- 
mesne, 5 tates, viz. 

Cormock M'Gillpatrick Moyle, in demesne, 
2 tates - - - - - 

Cormock M'Gilpatrick Moyle O'Duffie, in 
demesne, 2 tates - - - - 

Edmond M'Owen O'Duffie, in demesne, 4 
tates - - - - . 



Thomas Oge M^Owen O'Duffie, in demesne, 
4 tates - - - - - 



1. Dromgor. 

2. Carliathe. 

3. Corlatt. 

4. Peacance. 

5. Cortoghgerrot. 

6. Clantryme. 

7. Garbane. 

8. Dromcleever. 

9. Lettane. 

10. Corvackane. 

11. Drummulte. 

12. Dirgoney. 

13. Money. 

14. Maghane. 

15. Tautonagh. 

16. Lisnecollagh. 

17. Agheneskeve. 



In the ballibetogh 
called Ballidrom- 
gor. 



In the ballibetogh 
called Balliveigh- 



ane. 



^ This man and his brother Hugh had 2 ballibetoghs allotted to them by the first division ; Hugh 
died without issue, and so both ballibetoghs were possessed by this Art, and in regard we found him to 
be descended of the ancientest house of the M'Mahownes, we thought fit to allot unto him by this division 
three other ballibetoghs, in name, but indeed being but half a ballibetogh. But now lately, since our 
allotment the said Arte is attainted of high treason, and stands condemned, whereby these 5 ballibetoghs 
allotted to him will remain in His Majesty's free disposition, and in regard 2 ballibetoes of BaUinelurgan 
are taken fi-om Ever M'Cowle, and allotted to Sir Edward Blaney for His Majesty's special service, we 
think fit if His Majesty or your Lordships do like thereof, that these ballibetoes, or so many of them as 
shall be thought meet, be allotted to Ever M'Colo, to restore him to as much as is taken from him for the 
use aforesaid. 



M 2 



180 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



Phillip M'Owen 0*Duffie, in demesne, 4 
tates - - - - 



The Barony op Crewmoene — cont. 

ri8. Dromhaven. In the ballibetogh 

Hugh M'Owen O'Duffie, in demesne, 4 J 19. Greaghdommoire. dialled Ballykil- 
tates - - - - -J 20. Liscrumleine. lawney. 

21. Sheane. 
'22. Dromyeragh. 

t23. Cabraghe. 
24. Dromgallow. 
25. Carrickneere. 
In demesne, 8 tates of 

Art M'EoryM'Gil- I ^ ^*??V 

Patrick M'Ma J I" f ^fry Per annum, 
^ > of. sterling, issuing 

and payable out of 

8 tates of land. 



howne, viz. 



Edmond M'Melaghlin M'Mahowne 
mesne, 4 tates, viz. 



, in de- J 2. 



3. 
4. 
5. 



M'Laghlin M'Melaghlin M'Mahowne, in 
demesne, 2 tates - - - - 

Toole Boy M'Mahowne, in demesne, 1 tate 7. 

Edmond M'Owen M'Mahowne, in demesne, "I r. 
1 tate - - - - - / 



All in the ballibe- 
togh called Bal- 
lenkreve. 



The Barony of Dartrie. 

The temporal lands of the barony, being 21 ballibetoghs and 4 tates, each ballibeto 
containing, for the most part, 16 tates, eacli tate containing about 60 acres of land, is 
divided and allotted to the several persons hereafter named, viz., to — 



"In demesne, 5 ball 
betoghs of land 
viz. 



Sir Brian M'Hugh 
Oge M'Mahowne, <^ 
viz. 



In chiefry, per annum, 
117?. 105. sterling, 
issuing and payable 
out of 12 ballibe 
toghs, the names 
whereof are — 



fBallicorlogh Iloe. 
i- I Ballyblaghe. 
d,«^ Davallintare. 

Two ballibetoghs 
Ballyvilane. 

Ballivedigane. 

Ballederesmoile, 
Lisnessmane, half 
ballibetoghs. 

Balledrumhurte. 

Ballineglogh, als. 

Ballelatecrossane. 

B ailed romgo wlae. 

Balleconay, als. 

Ballecornewe. 

Ballyhorane. 

Ballevallemore. 

Ballecovenghe. 

Balledirekinarde. 

Balladromarall. 

Ballygolune. 



< 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



181 



The Bakont of Dartheie — cont. 



Redmond M'Aghie M'Mahowne, in de- 
mesne, 6 tates - - - > 



1. 

2. 
3. 
4. 
5. 
6. 



{ 



Rosso M'Owen M'Mahowne, in demesne, 
2 tates - . - - - 

{9 
10 
Neale M'Phillipe, in demesne, 1 tute - 11. 

Patrick M'Mahowne M'Owen, in regard"] ,„ 
good opinion is conceived of him, the I 
first patentee being slain in rebellion, in [13. 

14. 

ri5. 



demesne, 2 tates 



Donnell M'Donoghmore, in demesne, 2 
tates --..-- 

Hugh M'Phillip, in regard there is good 
opinion conceived of him, the former . 
patentee being slain in rebellion, in de- [ 
mesne, 1 tate - - - -J 



Corretober. 

Con'evine. 

Tyrelicke. ane. 

Drumbrishe. 

Croegore. 

Coretample. 

Roskernagh. 

Droniegremet. 

Tagh Reogh. 

KiUenena. 

Toneglagh. 

Coroneskeagh, 
fDreoene \i^^^^^ 
\ Dromadie j ^ 

Tatterkalkae. 
Corecryne. 



In the ballibetogh 
called Ballivedig- 



16. Maghergefiry. 



Hugh M'Rory M'Melaghlin, in demesne, 2 1 17. Rathcreaghane. 



tates 






Donogh M'-'Phillip M'Brian M'Melaghlin, 

in demesne, 2 tates _ . _ 

Rosse M 'Donogh M'Melaghlin, in demesne, 

2 tates - . - - - 

Conn M'Owen M'Ross M'Mahowne, in re-"" 

gard of his honest deserts, the former I j, 

patentee being slain in rebellion, in de- [24. Dromeyacke. 

mesne, 2 tates - - . 



18. Lisbryne. 

19. Magherie. 



20. Crosleagh. 

21. Aghatedow. 
' 22. Dromaine. 



23. MaghenenekUlie. 



In the half ballibe- 
togh called Bally- 
direnemoyle. 



r25. Lisnespinane. 
Conn M'Hugh Bane M'Mahowne, in de- J 26. Aghefade. 
mesne, 4 tates - . . -^ 27. Lisdromlona. 

1^28. Boyagher. 
Con M'Brian M'Colloe M'Mahowne, in "I 29. Glane. 

demesne, 2 tates - - - - j 30. Coraghrene. 

Felim M'Rosse M'Colloe, in demesne, 1 tate 31. Dromola. 
Edmond M'Brian M'Mahowne M'Edmond, \qo n i j, 

in demesne, 1 tate - - - / ' & S • 



In the half balli- 
betogh called Lis- 
nespinane. 



r33. 

Rosse M'Toole Boy M'Ardell M*Mahowne, J 34. 

in demesne, 4 tates - - - ) 35. 

(.36. 

I 37. 

Brian M'Redmond M'Mahowne in demesne, j 38. 

4 tates - - - - - ) 39. 

[40. 

Colloe M'Toole M'Mahowne, in demesne.") 41. 

2 tates - - - - - / 42. 

Rory M'Rosse M'Mahowne, in demesne, 2 1 43. 

tates - - - - - J 44. 



Tonnaghe. 

Dromlonney. 

Correlecke. 

Liskomiskie. 

Drumhurke. 

Latamarde. 

KaUagh. 

Dromsawle. 

Slefeve. 

Aghdomkyne. 

Kilgracke. 

Agholaghie. 



In the ballibetogh 
called Ballidrum- 
hurte. 



182 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



The Bahony of Dabthrie — cont. 

Shane Du£F M'Mahowne, in demesne, 21 45. Faltaghe. 

tates - - - - -J 46. Rosnegloghe. 

Edmond M'Brian M'Mahowne, in demesne, 1 47. Correveline. 

2 tates - - - - - J 48. Lisegonne. 

Con M'Hugh, in regard there is good"! 49. Agheneola, 

opinion conceived of him, the former pa- I 50. Dromefreine. 

tentee being slain in rebellion, in demesne, ^51. Lyssneyle. 

4 tates - - - - -J 52. Cavane. 

"] 53. Lattercrosoane. 
Conn M'Hugh M'Mahowne, in demesne, 4 I 54. Anne. 

tates ----- ^55. Cabrash. 



Ever M'Rory M'Owen M'Mahowne, in de- 
mesne, 2 tates - . - - 

Phillip M'Owen M'G-ilpatrick M*Mahowne, 
in demesne, 2 tates 



56. Corogane. 

57. Kilfarte. 
'58. Aghenescoe. 

> «o' I Cowlekarte. 



Coolloe M'Toole Boy M'Ardell, in demesne, 1 61. Liscaghe. 



2 tates 



} 



Q2. Drombyane. 
Patrick M'Brian Oge M'Mahowne, in de-T63. Dromavile. 
mesne, 2 tates •• - - - j 64. Dromgrane. 

Thomas M'Brian M'Mahowne M'Thomas,"] 65. Killmore. 

in regard good hope is conceived of him, I 66. Coroneshegagh. 

the former patentee being slain in rebel- [67. Tonny. 

lion, in demesne, 4 tates - - -J 68. Kilkervie. 

Donogh M'Hugh Bane, in demesne, 1 tate - 69. Denganne. 

Patrick M'Collo M'Shane M'Mahowne, in "1 ^^ -r^ 

J , , , ' >70. Dromore. 

demesne, 1 tate - - - - J 

Phillip M'Shane M'Mahowne, in demesne, \ 71. Dromkahill. 

/ 72. 



2 tates 



Tonevickenallie. 



Mahowne M'Brian M^Hngh Roe, in de-l ^3^ Agheowlaght. 
mesne, 1 tate - - - - J ^ *= 

Melaghlin M'Melaghlin M'Brian M'Ma- 1 .7^ ta 1 

, » , J ^ -i J. ^ > 74. Dromgowla. 

howne, in demesne, 1 tate - - J ° 

Edmond Oge M'Mahowne, in demesne, 1I ire TT'iVro 

tate - - - - "J * 

Brian M'Brian Ballagh M'Hugh, in demesne, 1 ^g Movnosse 

1 tate - - - - " J ' 

Art M'Brian Boy M'Hugh, in demesne, 1 1 ^>_ rp ^ 
tate /''• -^enagne. 

Hugh M'Hugh M'Gilpatrick, in demesne, 1 1 70 t) * 

Hugh M'Ecorbe, in demesne, 1 tate - 79. Carrigresdagh. 

r80. Corenewe. 
Patrick M'Ross M'Mahowne, in demesne, 4 J 81. Corrowane. 
tates - - - - - I 82. Corregare. 

(^83. Tnisheonane. 
Shane M'Colloe, in demesne, 1 tate - 84. Coreglasse. 

Owen M'Brian M'Donogh M'Mahowne, in 1 85. Rathkeraght. 

demesne, 2 tates *- - - - j 86. Lisevine. 

Patrick M'Edmond M'Mahowne, in demesne, 1 87. Dromore. . 

2 tates - - ^ - - - / 88. Diraghmarde. 
James M'Edmond M'Mahowne, in demesne, 1 89. Dowderena. 



2 tates 



1 89. 
/90. 



In the ballibetogl 
called Ballineg- 
loghe. 



In the ballibetogli 
called Ballidrom- 
goola. 



In the ballibetogl 
called Ballitonney 



Lessnunshegane.- 



IRELAND— JAMES T. 183 



The Baeont of Daethrie — cont. 



Phillip M'Edmond M'Mahowne, in demesne, 1 qi n i 

1 tate - - - - _ jyi. i^remoyie. 

Hugh MTDonogh M'Mahowne, in demesne, 1 92. Corretobber. 

2 tates - - - - - J 93. Nenaghe. 
Patrick MThiUip M^CoUoe M'lMahowne, | ^^ Corevackane. 

m demesne, 1 tate - - - J 

Art M'Edmond M'Mahowne, in demesne, line- p 

tate - - - - -i^' '^orrgrue. 

Patrick M'Brian Tenton M'Mahowne, in "1 96. Killenekranaght. In the baUibetogh 

demesne, 2 tates - - - j 97. Cahernoney. called Ballihorane. 

Patrick M'Art M'Mahowne, in demesne, 2 1 98. Corlutgarvell. 

tates - - - - - J 99. Engale. 

Patrick M'Brian M'Mahowne, in regard i 100. Clogherie, als. 

good hope is conceived of him, the former I Drombie, als. 

patentee being slain in rebellion, in de- [ Glaskerayne. 

mesne, 2 tates - - - - ~ 

Gil-Patrick M'Melaghlin M'Mahowne, in 

demesne, 1 tate - - - - 

M'GilleduffM'EdmondM'Mahowne,ijo3^C^^^^^^U^ 

in demesne, 1 tate - - - J 

Patrick M'Melaghlin' M'Gilpatrick Bedy "I 104. Drombies. 

M'Mahowne, in demesne, 2 tates - J 105. Dromleyne. 

Patrick M'Art M'Mahowne in demesne 2 f 106. "I Called by the 

tates ... - - / 107. J nameof Skeagh. 

ri08. Dromhillagh. 
Patrick M'Mahowne, in demesne, 3 tates -^ 109. MuUaghneharne. 

LllO. KaUagh. 

Till."! Called by the In the ballibetogh 

Edmond Oge M'Mahowne, in demesne, 4 I 112. I name of May- called Ballivalle- 

tates - - - - -fll3. fhereneharnane. 

J 114.J 
115. CooUdlshenagh- 



101. Dengane. 

102. Tireredegane. 



Donogh 



more. 



Art M'Edmond M'Mahowne, in regard good 
hope is conceived of him, the former pa 
tentee beiog slain in rebellion, in demesne, 
4 tates - - - - - 

Patrick M'Felim M'Mahowne, in demesne, 
1 tate - - - - - 

Brian M'Hugh M'Felim M'Mahowne, in de- 
mesne, 1 tate - . - - 

Phelim M'Patrick M'Mahowne, in demesne, 

1 tate - - - . - 
Rosse M'Brian M'Melaughlin, in demesne, 

2 tates - - - - - 

Hugh M'Donogh, in demesne, 2 tates 

Donogh M'Brian M'Melaughlin, in demesne, 
1 tate - - - - - 



trorye. 
-^ 116. Direclosse. 

117. Kilmore. 

118. Dromerkreve. 

119. Anaghbane. 

120. Dronroghill. 

121. Dromgoney. 

122. Dromboghin. 

123. Dromavaddie. 

124. Aghevale. 

125. Cornevalle. 

' 126. Corraghgower. 



Shane Duff M-Mahowne, in demesne, 3 f J^^; gJ^->^,. ^ J^^^ ^^^J^^_ 

ta*es - - - - ■ [l29. Clancollane. ushe. 

Art Boy M'Donell, in demesne, 1 tate - 130. Clonkerbane. 



184 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



The Barony of Dabthbie— cow<. 



Redmond M'Edtnond M'Donell, in demesne, 
1 tate - . - - - 

Shane M'Toole More M'Donell, in demesne, 
1 tate - - - - - 

Patrick M'Donnell, in demesne, 1 tate 

Gillegrom M'Donell, in demesne, 1 tate 

Cormock M'Arte M'Donell, in demesne, 1 
tate . - . - - 

Patrick M'Hugh M'Donell, in demesne, 1 
tate . - - - _ 

Edmond M'Patrick M'Mannes DufF M'Do- 
nell, in demesne, 1 tate - - - 

Torleogh M'Brian M'CuUoe Boy M'Donell, 
in demesne, 1 tate . . - 

Owen M'Cowconaght M'Hugh Roe M'Ma- 
howne, in demesne, 1 tate 

Patrick M'Hugh M'Donell, in demesne, 1 
tate - - - - _ 



"1 131. 

jl32. 

133. 
ri34. 

1 135. 

jl36. 

}l37. 

jl38. 
"I 139. 

1 140. 



Mullaghshall- 
shilmogh. 

Clonkeghane. 

Clonlower. 
Trenaght, Cor- 
aght, ^ tates. 

Dromsloe. 
Clonesten. 
Colmane. 

Anaghragh. 

Lonfadneco- 

venche. 
Clonreagh,Clon- 

shauve, -^ tates. 



Toole O'Connally, in demesne, 1 tate 
Toole M'Art O'Connally, in demesne, 1 1 
tate - - - - - J 

Neale O'Connally, in demesne, 1 tate 
Brian M'Edmond O'Connally, in demesne, \ 

1 tate - - - - - / 

Patrick Oge O'Connally, in demesne, 2 tates < 

Tirleogh O'Connally, in demesne, 1 tate 
Brian M'Mannes O'Connally, in demesne, "I 

2 tates - - - - - J 

Ardell O'Connally, in demesne, 2 tates - < 

Edmond O'Connally, in demesne, 1 tate 
Conn Oge O'Connally, in demesne, 1 tate - 
Brian Reagh O'Connally, in demesne, 1 tate 
Edmond M'Rowry, in demesne, 1 tate 
Toole M'Rowry, in demesne, 1 tate - 



141. Rosneglogh. 

142. Dromloughlin. 

143. Boyagh. 

144. Glane. 

145. Direkirmarde. 

146. Lisneshagh. 

147. Dromboun. 

148. Corrocakan. 

149. Dromolla. 

150. Mynagh. 

151. Aghifade. 

152. Blackanagheagh. 

153. Whitanagheagh. 

154. Cornwally. 

155. Coragane. 

156. Korakerane. 



In the ballibetogh 
called Ballidirrek- 
rinard. 



Brian Oge M'Brian M'Mahowne, son to Sii 



Brian, in demesne, 6 tates 



[< 



'157. 

158. 

159. 

160. 

161. 

162. 
163. 

164. 

165. 

166. 

I 167. 

{J.6S. 

ri69. 

Ever M'Rory M'Hugh Oge, in demesne, 4 J 170. 

tates - - - - - I 171. 

Ll72.* 



In the ballibetogh 
called Ballidro- 
marall. 



Brian Oge M'Brian M'Hugh Oge, in de- 



mesne, 6 tates 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



185 



The Barony of Darthrie— co»<. 
Patrick M'Cabe, in demesne, 2 tates ■(174' 

Patrick M*Ewarde, in demesne, 2 tates - j JI^' 
Laughlin M'Mahowne, in demesne, 2 tates - { JH' 
Edmond M'Cabe, in demesne, 2 tates - 1 !I?* 

Patrick O'Sheile, in demesne, 2 tates - 1 

Patrick O'Connallye, in demesne, 2 tates - < 
Edmond O'Connally, in demesne, 2 tates - 1 
Owen Bedy M*Mahowne, in demesne, 2 tates / - ?~ 



In the ballibetogh 
called Balligolune. 



181. 

182. 
183. 
184. 
185. 
186. 



Rosse M'Mahowne, son to Sir Brian, in re- 
spect the former patentee, Hugh M'Brian 



188. 

Edergoile. 

Agherdromkin. 



Oge, was slain in rebellion, in demesne, 4 r Tategarie. 

tates, viz. - - . -J Coolekesleighmahone. 



Rory M'Patrick M'Rory, in respect of his"] 

father's good service, in demesne, one > Ballymagargan. 
whole ballibetogh - - - J 



< 



''This land is to be 
managed by the 
foster-fathers of 
he said Rory dur- 
ing his minority to 
his use, and Sir 
Edward Blaney to 
see it done. 



Ai-dell M'Patrick M'Rory, in demesne, one "1 The half ballibetogh . 
whole half ballibetogh, viz. - - J of Ballyslaughill. ] 



''To be likewise 
managed to the 



Redmond and Owen M'Rory, in demesne, "1 Half of Ballyslaug- 
the other half of the foresaid ballibetogh j hill. 

Arte M'Brian M'Hugh Oge, in demesne, 1 1 t> n 

ballibetogh - - - ' . I Ballycurrm. 



L 



child's use by his 
foster-fathers, and 
SirEdward Blaney 
to see it done. 



The Barony op Donamaine. 

This barony of Donamaine, containing 21 ballibetoghs, that is to say, the country of 
Farney 12 ballibetoghs, and Clancarnell 7 ballibetoghs, was long since granted to Walter 
Earl of Essex, in fee simple, whose tenants now possess the same. 



This Termon of Mocknoe by the 
first division was granted to Sir 
Henry Bagnall, and rented at 
20/. per annum. Now, by his 
JMajesty's particular direction, 
it is passed to Sir Roger "Wil- 
braham for the yearly rent of 
40s. 



Sir Roger Wilbraham, Knight, by £ s. d. 
letters patent grounded upon his 
Majesty's letters in respect of his 
service, all the lands and heredita- 
ments of the termon called Mock- 
noe, being by estimation 3 balli- 
betoghs, or thereabouts, paying 
therefore to His Majesty the rent of 2 



186 



IRELAND — JAMES J. 



The BAEONy of Donamatne — cont. 



The preamble to the Termons 
in the first division. 

Moreover, we do find within this 
county, over and above the 
lands formerly allotted, certain 
other lands called termons or 
sanctuary lands possessed by 
laymen and appointed, first (as 
it should seem), for maintenance 
or hospitaKty, which have been 
free from the impositions of the 
M'Mahownes, bearing certain 
rents and charges to the Arch- 
bishop of Armagh and Bishop 
of the diocese for visitation, 
whereunto we take His Majesty 
to be entitled by the Act of 
Parliament of the attainder of 
Shane O'Neale, which lands the 
Lord Deputy, Council, and 
Commissioners have allotted to 
divers gentlemen and their 
heirs in fee-simple, reserving to 
His Majesty the rents following, 
and conditioning with every of 
those that have 4 tates, or above, 
to build one castle within five 
years next after the date of their 
letters patent, upon some part 
of the lands so to them allotted, 
and reserving also to the Arch- 
bishop and Bishop their rents 
and duties accustomed, which 
allotment is made as followeth, 
viz. : 

Memorandum upon an office taken 
by special commission before Sir 
James Ley and His Majesty's 
Attorney in their circuit holden 
at Monoghan in July last past, 
all letters patent formerly 
granted of these termons (that 
of Mocknoe only excepted, 
which was granted by a late 
warrant from His Majesty to Sir 
Roger Wilbraham) were found 
to be void by a very sufficient 
jury of the inhabitants of that 
county, for not performance of 
the foresaid conditions men- 
tioned in their said letters 
patent, and so these tennons 
(that of Mocknoe only ex- 
cepted) do remain in His Ma- 
jesty's free disposition. But 
now the Bishop of Clogher be- 



John Elliott, Esquire, third Baron of 
His Majesty's Exchequer, a termon 
called Ballylovan, containing 8 
tates, or thereabouts, a termon 
called Aghenemollen and Anny,* 
containing 10tates,or thereabouts, a 
termon called Dromsnatte, contain- 
ing 6 tates, or thereabouts, amount- 
ing in the whole to the number of 
24 tates, paying for each tate lO*. 
current money in England, and so 
amounteth for the whole to 

Roger Gerlon, of Stabanane, in the 
county of Lowth, gent., learned in 
the laws, a termon called Downd 
annaght, containing 4 tates, paying 
for each tate 10*. current money 
in England, and so amounteth to - 

Sir Robert Newcomen, Knight, a ter- 
mon called Tullekarbet, containing 
12 tates, or thereabouts, paying for 
each tate 10*. sterling current 
money in England, and so 
amounteth to - 

Sir Thomas Assh, Knight, a termon 
called Rammallies, containing 3 
tates, a termon called Donamagh, 
containing 1 tate, a termon called 
Greghlin and the grange, contain- 
ing 6 tates, paying for each tate 
10^. sterling current money in 
England, and so amounteth to 

Thomas Clinton, of Dowdston, in the 
county of Lowth, gent., a termon 
called Tyahallan, containing 6 
y tates, or thereabouts, paying for 
each lOs. sterling current money in 
England, and so amounteth to 

Richard Blaney, gent., a tennon 
called Killmore, containing 6 tates, 
or thereabouts, paying for each tate 
10*. current money in England, and 
so amounteth to - 

Constantino M'Mahowne, gent., a ter- 
mon called Clontubbred, containing 
6 tates, or thereabouts, paying for 
each tate 10*. current money in 
England, and so amounteth to 

John Connollan, parson, of Moynaltie, 
two parts of the termon called 
Tedanate, containing 16 tates, or 
thereabouts, and known by the 
names of Bally M'Murry and Bally- 
kenna, paying for each tate 10s. 
current money in England, and so 
amounteth to - 



d. 



12 



2 



6 



5 



3 



3 



3 



8 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



187 



The Baront of Donamatne — cont. 



Garrot Dillon, of Ardbrackane, gent., 
a termon called Killivane, contain- 
ing 2 tates, or thereabouts, paying 
for each tate 10s. current maneyin 
England, and so amounteth to 



£ 



d. 



1 



In all to His Majesty in 
manner as is above set 
down., per annum - 511/. 17^. 6d. sterling. 

Ex. W. Pabsons, Supervisor General. 



gins to make a challenge to 
these termons, affirming them to 
be lands peculiarly belonging to 
the bishopiic of Clogher, and 
he produceth an ancient register 
book of that bishopric, wherein 
these termons are mentioned 
with several rents and other 
duties belonging to the bishop 
out of the same, and against the 
first office, which found these 
lands for her late Majesty, he 
taketh this exception, that there 
was no lawful bishop in that see 
at the time of the taking of that 
office, but such as enjoyed the 
bishopric by foreign authority. 
And therefore he maketh peti- 
tion that a new office may be 
taken, wherein he may try his 
title, which being a thing pre- 
judicial to His Majesty, we may 
not grant without His Highness' 
or your Lordships' directions. 

Signed: Arthur Chichester, Tho. Dublin Cane, Th. Ridgeway, James Ley, H. Wynche, 
Anth. Sentleger, 01. Lambert, Ry. Cooke, Jo. Davys, Jeff. Fenton. 
Pp. 59. Vellum. 



1607. 

[June 3.] 

S.P., Ireland, 

vol. 221, 66 a. 



June 3. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 221, 67. 



234. Crown Lands in Co. Monaghan. 

An abstract of such lands in the county of Monaghan as 
are presently in His Majesty's disposition, and as appears 
more at large in a book subscribed by the Lord Deputy and 
Council. 

Pp. 1. Endd. 

235. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. 

Since he came to this Government has received several 
letters from the King and the Council in a matter between 
the Lord of Delvin and the O'Farralls (of the sept of O'Farrall 
Bane), signifying His Majesty's intent to have certain letters 
patent surrendered or proceeded against by course of law, in 
which the Lord of Delvin and the Lady his mother have 
passed sundry parcels of land of the said O'Farralls, in the 
county of Longford, in which the King likewise declared that 
the surrender would give His Majesty better contentment 
than to overthrow the patent by course of law. The Baron 
and the Lady Dowager his mother, on due consideration, 
have now voluntarily surrendered the said letters patent. 
Has amply declared in the general letters his opinions touch- 
ing the division of those lands for His Majesty's best profit, 
and that country's better settlement. In consideration of 
their speedy submission to His Majesty's good pleasure herein, 
humbly recommends their cause to his Lordship's considera- 



188 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

tion. The prosecution thereof has been very troublesorae and 
chargeable unto them, and will redound greatly to the detri- 
ment of their house, if they be not relieved by the King's 
gracious favour. The Baron himself repairs thither, and he 
recommends him for his many good and noble parts. — Castle 
of Dublin, 3 June 1607. 

Pp. 2. Add. Endd. Signed. Sealed. 

June 3. 236. Pae^ Lane to Salisbury, 
^■■^■'oo^^^q'^' Having in the time of the Lord President's ^ sickness been 

vol. 221, 68. „ p 1 1 ; 1 • T 1 

one 01 the nearest about him, and hearing the strange re- 
ports that are invented against him by the malice and envy 
that this country bears to the most sincere and worthiest 
governors, fearing that they may fly over the seas, although 
they can take no impression in his Lordship's breast, being 
fully possessed with a true judgment as of all things, so of the 
worthiness of him that is dead, yet has he (Lane) presumed to 
advertise his Lordship briefly of the manner of the Lord Pre- 
sident's death, opposing truth to the base and barbarous 
calumniations which are and were, a fortnight at least before 
his departure, given out in the country. The beginning 
of his sickness was the stone, which in great extremity afllict- 
ing, he endured as patiently as the sharpness of the disease 
would give leave to the most patient man alive ; having 
after three weeks voided the stone, then was he pained with 
a melancholic wind in his side, which lasted a se'nnight ; then 
■with a great headache, and swelling in his face, which acci- 
dents following one another, he languished for the space of six 
weeks, in the end whereof he wrestled in conscience towards 
God (which he often most seriously avowed to his preacher), 
and settled upon an assurance of his Lordship's favour for 
matters of the work, which he likewise protested. He died 
without any show of the least impatience, contrary to that 
which this country hath bred and spread against him, that 
he died raving and eating his flesh from his arms, lamenting 
his rigour against recusants ; which, as it needs no apology to 
any man that but knew Sir Henry Brounchar, so it would 
seem absurd to his Lordship, who hath not only known him, 
but had long experience of his integrity, wisdom, and othei 
noble virtues. 

"Writes this as well for his last oflSce to him, whom he 
especially honoured while he lived, and who he knows raosi 
honoured his Lordship, as also in regard of his particular duty 
to his Lordship, to whose favour, protection, and service the 
Lord President bequeathed him, and assured him that for his 
sake his Lordship would vouchsafe to admit him. — Bishop's 
Court, 3 June 1607. 

P. 1. Add. Endd. Signed. Sealed, 

' Sir Pqrr Lane, Master of the Horse to the President, Sir Henry Brouncker 
See Calendar of State Papers, James L, Ireland, vol. i. p. 527. 
* Sir Henry Bruncker. 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



189 



1607. 
June 3. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 221, 69. 



June 4. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 221, 70. 



237. Lady Anne Brouncker to Salisbury. 

Gives an account of the death of her husband ; defends his 
memory and solicits protection and favour for his family. — 
Corke, 3 June 1607. 

P. 4. Add. Endd. 

238. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. 
Rex3ommends the bearer, Auditor Ware, whom he had per- 
mitted to repair to England, to account to the executors 
on the late Lord Lieutenant's affairs, respecting divers em- 
ployments entrusted to him by the said Lord, Sends by him 
the book of the division of the county of Monaghan. — 4 June 
1607. 

P. 1. Add. Endd. 



June 4. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 221, 71. 



June 5. 
S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 221, 72. 



S.P., Ireland, 
voL 231, 72 I. 



239. Chief Baron Wynche to the Earl of Salisbury. 
Reports that the bearer. Auditor Ware, has with him three 

difficult Exchequer causes of great moment, to desire thereon 
the opinion of the judges in England. Adds a general state- 
ment of Exchequer affairs, and of the general condition of 
Ireland. Complains of the inadequacy of his allowance. — 
Dublin, 4 June, 

P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd. 

240. Sir Oliver St. John to Salisbury. 

The Lord Deputy, for His Majesty's service, has reduced 
sundry extraordinaries lieretofore paid by concordatums, 
amounting to 26s, 8c7. per diem to 18s. 6(^,, leaving none un- 
discharged but such as are very needful, which are noted in 
his letters to the Lords, a copy of which is herewith sent. 
He has suggested that the extraordinaries now left may be 
put into the establishment, to pass, together with the rest of 
the ministers of the ordnance, in the master's warrant of full 
pay. Considers this the best means to settle the ministers 
of the office, and recommends it to his Lordship's favourable 
allowance. The Lord Deputy has also written concerning the 
decayed munitions within this kingdom. If there could any 
other better course be devised than that wliich is already 
projected, he (St. John) would be very glad to follow it ; but 
remaining as they are, and likely to be still worse and worse, 
the best way in his opinion is to sell them for His Majesty's 
use. Shall be glad to understand his Lordship's resolution. 
—Dublin, 5 June 1607. 

P. 1. Add. Endd. Signed. Sealed. Encloses, 

241. Extraordinaries in the Ordnance. 

Account of extraordinaries in the Ojffice of Ordnance at 
the death of Sir Geo. Bourchier, and of the same office noiu 
reduced. 

P. I. Endd. 



190 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



1607. 
[ 1607.] 242. Note of decayed Munitions. 

S-P-»^eiand, Booh of all such ordnance, armour, powder, and other 

* * provisions of the war, as have been surveyed and found 

decayed and unserviceable, at the entry of Sir 01. St. John 

into the office of the Ordnance [alluded to in his letter of 

5th June]. 

Pp. 11. Ex. per 01. St. John, Arthur Chichester. Endd. 

[ 1607.] 243. Propositions regarding the Ordnance. 
S.P., Ireland, Propositions for preservation of field carriages, by dis- 

mounting the pieces and placing the carriages under shelter. 
P. 1. Draft by Salisbury. Endd. 

" I doubt not but all persons that have so great trust 
committed to them as the commandments of forts will con- 
sider that the former expenses in these things are neither 
necessary nor reasonable, and therefore will concur with me 
in the care appertaining to this reformation." 



vol. 221, 72 B. 



S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 221, 72 c. 

June 6. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 221, 73. 



S.P., Ireland, 
vol.221, 73 1. 



June 6. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol, 221, 74, 



244. Duplicate of the above. 

To the same general effect, but with some discrepancies. 

245. Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. 
Report in favour of prayer of the petition sent forward by 

the town of Athenry. Recommend their suit. — Dublin, 
6 June 1607. 

Signed : Arthur Chichester, Tho. Dublin, Cane. ; Geor, 
Derrie, Th, Ridgeway, James Ley, 01. St. John, Jeff. Fenton, 
Anth. Sentleger, H. Wynche, Ni. Walshe. 

P. 1. Add. JEndd. Encloses, 

246. Petition of Town of Athenry. 

Represent that the town is in utter decay from the wars, 
and pray some relief. 
P. 1. 

247. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. 

The Moores whom he had designed to send out of the 
Queen^s County to Tarbert, have an agent of their sept going to 
England to importune liberty for them to stay in the Queen's 
Count3% Desires they may be refused this liberty, and also 
that the grant of Tarbert to Mr. Crosbie may be expedited. 

Pp. 2. Add. Endd. 

1 " You may be therefore pleased to think of it as a matter 
of very great consequence and importance, which the English 
gentlemen and freeholders (who are really owners of the 
country) have, instantly and with one consent, laboured us 
unto ; and further, that notwithstanding these septs, by the 



^ In margin. — That when the Moores shall become suitors for their stay in 
their country, your Lordships would be pleased to let them know His Majesty's 
constant resolution to remove them. 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 191 



1607. 

last wars, are reduced to a few, and those very poor and 
mean people, yet that by the licentious and disordinate cus- 
tom of their nation they will suddenly increase and multiply 
to more than a good many who will be so many thorns in 
the sides of those English ; for the natives of their country 
will never forget their pretences, how unlawful and incon- 
venient soever they be, in the eye of law or consideration of 
state. Mr, Crosbie hath deserved very well of us in the 
handling of this business, for which it may ' please you to 
think him worthy both favour and consideration, as myself 
and the rest here do, in which regard I pray you the rather 
to expedite the grant of Tarbert, which is now the only stop, 
why the matter was not effected, and for which I have 
presumed thus to trouble you, whom I heartily recommend." 
—Castle of Dublin, 6 June 1607. 
Signed. 

June 7. 248. Sir G. Fenton to Salisbury. 
^'^''^f^^^' Reports the death of the President of Munster, Sir Henry 

Brouncker. His Majesty may make use of the occasion 
offered by this gentleman's death to ease his charges by dis- 
allowing the presidency, and to reduce that government to a 
course of provincial commissioners which was the first in- 
stitution. Out of this alteration is not like to rise any 
danger in th^t state unless a general defection in some 
other parts of the kingdom shall break out suddenly; for 
such a choice may be made of two or one sole commissioner, 
being equally qualified for the martial and civil affairs, that 
all sudden flaws may be both foreseen or prevented before 
they grow to any dangerous storm ; and the endeavours of 
the judges in their itinerant circuits twice a year, will no 
doubt give great furtherance to the work. Besides, many 
English families are there settled, and more daily flock over, 
who being planted in the several shires will make a strong 
party through the wi^ole' province, to curb the Irish, if they 
shall become insolent. Upon these grounds makes bold to 
exhibit this project only that .it may be used to ease His 
Majesty's charges. But if His Majesty will still continue the 
presidency under the rule of one, in that case it is principally 
requisite to put it upon such one as has credit and love with 
the people, so as to be able to reclaim its temper and conform 
them to obedience. For this purpose, if it is to fall upon a 
person of this country's birth, recommends the Earl of Tho- 
raond, as having more good parts in him to fit the place than 
any other that he remembers. If His Majesty shall think 
good to settle it upon an Englishman, is bold to remember 
Sir Henry Dockwra, who, besides his former training in the 
affairs of Ireland (which have wrought a full experience in 

' III margin. — That the grant of the place afore-mentioned in Kerry may be 
dispatched, -which is the only stay of this service. 



192 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

him) hath, besides, a natural aptness to discern and manaj 
matters of government, both martial and civil. — Dublin, 7 Jui 
1607. 
Pp. 2. Signed. Add. Endd. 

June 8. 249. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. 

yol''22T!T6^' Announce that the Lord President of Munster died on We 

nesday the 3rd inst., and that they have provisionally appoint( 
the Earl of Thomond and Sir Ric. Morrison to take the chars 
—Dublin, 8 June 1607. 

Signed: Arthur Chichester, Tho. Dublin, Cane, Gee 
Derrie, Th. Ridgeway, H. Wynche, Ni. Walshe, Anth. Sen 
leger, Jeff. Fenton, 01. St. John. 

P. 1. Add. Endd. 

June 8. 250. LoRD Deputy Chichester to Salisbury. 

Vol. 22^ ^n' -^^^ former letters gave notice of Sir Henry Brounckei 

sickness, and these must declare his death which happened c 
Wednesday the 3rd of this instant ; he has left behind hi: 
a lady and many children meanly provided for. Will gi^ 
them the best comfort he shall be able. 

Knows that this accident will bring with it some alteration i 
the government and more in the people. Has for the presen 
with the advice of the Council, committed the charge of th{ 
province to the general Council of the same, and out of thei 
has made choice of the Earl of Thomond and Sir Richai 
Morrison to be principal in commission and quorum only, i 
reported in the general letters to the Lords of the Counci 
Is persuaded they will give good contentment to that peopl 
and uphold the honour of the late President's actions, whic 
were just and honourable. 

Has lately written to his Lordship concerning this place i 
behalf of two noble gentlemen, and makes bold again i 
remember him that they are the choicest of both natioi 
that this kingdom doth afford ; and upon considering of tl 
course he must betake himself unto when he is remove 
from this government, begs to put his Lordship in mind < 
himself (if not in this) yet in some other employment wherel 
he may be enabled to live without disgrace, which his otln 
means without employment will not afford. Confesses 1 
rather affects some employment in the North than this > 
Munster, by reason of his acquaintance with that peopl 
which enables them there to do the King best service ; but 
unwilling to draw His Majesty to an increase of charge. Bi 
yet that province doth require it for a time, until it be betti 
settled and reformed. Has been moved by some of this Sta 
and the chieftest of the towns and province of Munster 
make a journey tliither this summer ; but, besides the burtht 
of the charge and his want of money, his Lordship knows tl 
principal cause of his stay, and until he understands furth 
thereof he cannot well stir from hence. It may seem stranj 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 193 



iGor. 

that he mentions the charge of a journey and want of money, 
holding such a place, and having so great entertainment; 
but he assures him withal that the whole hardly maintains 
the house, and gives means for some other necessary expenses 
which the honour of the place requires. If his allowance 
were paid in the coin or value that his predecessors received it, 
and if the like allowance were made to him for journies and 
travelling'charges, he should not trouble him in this kind ; but 
being debarred thereof by omitting it in the Treasurer's in- 
structions, and by alteration of the coin, he is enforced to lay 
open his wants, and humbly to pray his Lordship to be the 
means that he may be relieved. 

Is certified by several letters that Angus M'Connell (pre- 
tended Lord of Kentyre) has put himself into arms and done 
some annoyance to the Earl of Argyle's people seated in 
that promontory. Many of the poor people make means to 
fly into the Roote to Sir Randall M'Donnell, and Angus 
threatens to put over into those parts with his gallies for the 
spoil of that country and the subjects adjoining. Has directed 
them to have care of their safety, and will give them the 
best assistance he may. 

The Earl of Tyrone is yet here, and has made a very 
humble submission by word and writing before the Council 
table for his misdemeanor in snatching the paper from 
O'Cahaine, and renting it before the board, of which he for- 
merly advertised his Lordship ; and they all hold themselves 
well satisfied therewith. Will settle the difierence betwixt 
him and O'Cahaine as far as he can, and for what he leaves 
undone will propound for directions from thence. — Castle of 
Dublin, 8 June 1607. 

Pp. 3. Signed. Endd. 

June 1 0. 251. Earl of Salisbury to Sir Thos. Windebank. 
Add' p ^ ' Although he lately wrote to him of such particulars as were 

P. R. o. ' fit for His Majesty's knowledge, yet must now require him to 

impart unto him the death of Sir Henry Bruncard, President 
of Munster. Will only presume to deliver thus much, that 
it is a place of little less consequence for the good of that 
kingdom of Ireland than the office of Deputy ; for since Spain 
began first to meddle with that kingdom in the time of the 
Queen his late mistress, he found his fault to embark his forces 
in any the northern parts but only in that province, which 
hath both the best towns, the best ports, and fairest sailiug 
from his own coast ; insomuch as it may be positively con- 
cluded that, if that province be well governed both for justice 
and order, the kingdom will never be in danger. How 
much of that will depend upon the governor, he need not tell 
a wise King, much less then the wisest of Kings. Will only 
conclude therefore, that His Majesty (knowing his death) will 
do like himself to forbear promise to any till he may have 
2. N 



194 IRELAND — JAMES I. 

1607. 

time to examine and distinguish the parts and qualities 

those that shall be offered to his election, with that tou( 

stone which never yet failed him when his own eye and ju( 

ment looks upon the essay. Is determined to speak with tl 

varlet who hath abused himself towards that nation fr 

whence they have their King, in whom only their felic 

doth consist (this day at Westminster), where they meet af 

dinner in council next to the Star Chamber Court. — Whitehi 

10 June 1607. 

Signed: Salisbury. 

P. 1. Add. : " To my very loving friend Sir Thon 
Windebanke, knight, at Greenwich." Endd. : " 10th of Ju 
1607. Erie of Salisb. to me, of M^ Broncord's deceasse." 

June 10. 252. [Sir Arthur Chichester] to Salisbury. 

voT '2^^7^T9^' Conveys the King's directions that a letter be written 

the Earl of Tyrone, to say that His Majesty must take tii 
to consider his requests, and to assure him of favoural 
consideration. 

P. 1. Endd. : " 10 June 1607. Copy of a letter from ] 
to my L. of Salisbury. Tirone, &c." 

June 10. 253. Patrick Crosbie to Salisbury. 

v^ '2^21' Ts' ^^ undertaken to remove the sept of the Moores fi-( 

' ' Leix into Munster, Ulster, or Connaught. Hopes that ] 

proposal will be favourably considered. — Dublin, 10 Ju 
1607. 
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd. 

S.P., Ireland, 254. PETITION of the MoORES. 

' ' The humble petition of the Moores and the six other sej 

of Leax, otherwise called the Queen's County in Ireland, whc 
names be under written, to the right honourable the Earl 
Salisbury. 

Declaring how they are daily troubled by the Engli 
freeholders of that county, and specially by one Patri 
Crosbie, so that they are like to be banished from th 
country to inhabit in some remote part of the kingdo 
notwithstanding that they hold land from them by leas 
which they have ready to show. Pray therefore, as this 
contrary to equity and law, and to His Majesty's genei 
and gracious pardon bestowed upon them by public prod 
mation, that they may not be troubled in any interest 
farms which they have now in that county until their fi 
time be expired, and that then they may have license 
dwell in any place within His Majesty's kingdoms durii 
their good behaviour, or else a great many of them will star 
to the number of three or four hundred poor persons, for wa 
of their buildings and charges and the other means by whi 
they live in that country, which they cannot have in remc 
waste places. Humbly crave him therefore, in considerati 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 195 



1607. 

for the estate of poor people, to procure His Majesty's warrant 
in their favour. 

Signed : P. S, Kellies, Laloures, Clainmellaghlines, Clain- 
boies, Dorains, Dullinges [Cowlings]. 

P. 1. Undd. 

June 12. 255. Sir Arthue Chichester to the Attorney or Solicitor- 

Carte Papers, GENERAL, 

vol. 61, p. 256. 

Warrant to draw a fiant, pursuant to His Majesty's letters 
dated at Theobald's, 30th July in the second year of his 
reign, of a surrender by Callough O'Mulloy, chief of his name, 
of all such lands as, at the date of the said warrant, he held 
by virtue of letters patent granted to his father, Connell 
O'Mulloy, from the late Queen, and for a re-grant of the same, 
without fine, to said Callough and the heirs males of his body, 
with remainder to the heirs males of the body of the said 
Connell, the father, deceased ; and in default of such heirs, 
to the heirs males of the body of Cahir O'Mulloy, grand- 
father of said Callough ; reserving a reversion to His Majesty 
and his Crown, leaving a blank for the yearly rents, and with 
reservation of all duties contained in the former patent. — 
Dublin, 12 June 1607. 

P. |. Orig. Add. Endd. : " Callough O'Mulloye's warr*, 
dated 12 June 1607. Not passed as yet." 

June 12. 256. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Attorney or Solicitor- 

Carte Papers, GENERAL, 

vol. 61, p. 254. 

Warrant to draw a fiant of a grant of pardon (on the re- 
port of Sir Richard Cooke, to whom, together with Sir 
Jeffrey Fenton, or either of them, their petition was referred) 
for 18 persons, of whom Sir Francis Eushe, Knight, is the 
first.— Dublin, 12 June 1607. 

Pp.2. Orig. Add. Endd. :" Sir Francis Rushe, his 
pdon, and others, Junii 12°, 1607." 

June 14. 257. Earl of Ormonde to Sir John Davys. 
voh'et'p^S Understanding from Mr. Rothe, his agent there, that in 

the several matters of O'Dwyer's purpose to surrender his 
lands, and also of the Islands of Arran, wherein there is a suit 
brought against one Smyth, who is the present tenant of them, 
the Earl in remainder holding them in fee-farm, he (Sir John) 
dealt a friendly part ; — in the first, having protected his rights 
and services due on the cantred of Kilnemanagh, and in the 
matter of the Islands, causing the defendant to pray in aid of 
the Earl as tenant of the fee-simple ; — he heartily thanks him 
for the same, and prays the continuance of his friendship in 
these and other causes, as occasion shall be offered, which he 
will always be ready to requite. — Carrick, 14 June 1607. 

Signed : Thomas Ormond. 

P. ^. Orig. Not endd. Add. : '' To my verie loving 
frend S^ John Davies, Knight, His Mats At turney- General in 
Ireland, theiz," 

N 2 



196 



I RELAND— JAMES I. 



1607. 

June 18. 

Philad. P., 

vol. 3, p. 179. 



June 19. 

Philad. P., 
vol. 3, p. 131. 



Lords of Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

258. They have been informed that one George GascoynOj 
gentleman who has heretofore served His Majesty in Irela 
with good commendation, has been lately killed in the to'' 
of S]igo by one Lieutenant Jonas, and that the father of sj 
Gascoyne means to prosecute the murther against hira ; I 
said Gascoyne (being a gentleman of good reputation a 
account here) seems to doubt lest through the presence of ] 
adversary in those parts the cause may receive some prejudi 
Sir Arthur is therefore to give special order that such a cou: 
of proceeding may be held for the trial of the prisoner tl 
he may receive condign punishment according to the equi 
•of the laws, if he shall be found to have deserved it. — Win 
hall, 18 June 1607. 

Signed : J. T. Dorset, Gilb. Shrewsbury, J. E. Worcest 
E. Zouche, E. Wotton, T. SufFolke, Salisbury. 
P. |. Add. Endd. 

259. Lords of Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

Sir Teig O'Rourke being lately dead, and the legitimat: 
of his children called in question, so that it is not well kno 
what right the King may have to his lands, which w 
granted to him and his heirs male, the reversion being in 1 
Crown ; yet, as persons having grants" from His Majesty 
certain values of land (as the Lords are informed) endeav( 
to pass portions of the lands of same O'Rourke in their boo 
Sir Arthur is to take order that none of the said lands si 
be passed in any book, without special direction given un( 
His Majesty's own hand. — Whitehall, 19 June 1607. 

Signed : R Cant, T. EUesmere, Cane, Gilb. Shrewsbu 
E. Zouche, J. T. Dorset. J. E. Worcester, W. Knoll 
H. Northampton, E. Wotton, L. Stanhope, T. Suffol 
Salisbury. 

P. ^. Add. Endorsed hy Sir Arthur Chichester : " 
the 19th of June 1607. From the Lords of the Councell, t 
none of the lands of S'^ Tege O'Rourke, of vvh. he died [ 
sessed, be past upon graunts untill further directions; i 
that it be knowne whether his children be legitimate, 
Re. from Mr. Attorney, the 24*^ of De." 



June 19. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 221, 80. 



June 21. 

S. p., Ireland, 
vol. 221, 82. 



260. Army Estimate. 

Estimate showing for what time the treasure now assig 
for Ireland will serve to pay the army there. 
P. 1. Endd. 

261. Wm, [Lyon], Bishop of Cork and Ross, to Salisbury 

Commends the late Lord President, and begs his Lordsl 
favour in a suit which has arisen between him and Sir J 
Fitz Edmonds, Dean of Cloyne, for the revenues of the bisl 
rick of Cloyne.— Bishop's Court, 21 June 1607. 

P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd. 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 197 



vol. 221, 83. 



1607. 
June 21. 262. Captain William Power to Salisbury, 

^'^^'oof^Rs' ^^^ delayed acknowledging bis Lordship's kindness shown 

at his last visit to England, in expectation of his brother, 
John Power's, going over to complain of wrong done him by 
a servant of the Lord Deputy's for a debt of the last young 
Earl of Desmond. His journey is now stayed by some 
respite the law hath given him for the said demand. Takes 
the occasion of a poor kinsman of his going thither, to thank 
him for procuring His Majesty's reward for his service. And 
although many have taken note (and he is sorry he feels) that 
it is less than his many painful services, loss of blood, limbs, 
and estate, deserved, yet his Lordship's goodness in procuring 
it for him has sufficiently satisfied hira for all past, and en- 
courao-ed him to continue his best endeavours henceforth in 
His Majesty's service, and in meantime to pray for his 
Lordship's happiness. 

There has a motion of long time continued, by means of the 
Countess of Desmond, between one of her daughters and the son 
and heir of O'Connor Dunne (Don) (whose ancestors, before the 
coming of the English into this land, were kings of Connaught). 
Has been often moved to bring the match to an end ; but 
lest there might some matter of State depend upon two so great 
families joining together (the one of English descent, the other 
of Irish), he would neither reject nor accept the motion (to 
conclude it) till he had acquainted his Lordship herewith. 
Humbly prays direction, by some means from him, how to 
carry himself in it. Would think himself happy if his Lord- 
ship would command him any service in this poor country, 
understanding some part of its affairs. — Kilbolane, 21 June 
1607. 

P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd. : " 21 June 1607. Capt^ 
Power to my Lord, from Kibolane. He desires to be directed 
by your Lordship how to carry himself in a business put 
upon him for effecting a match between a daughter of the 
Coantess of Desmond and the son and heir of O'Connor 
Dunne, a great lord in Connaught." 



vol. 221, 84. 



June 21. 263. The King to the Lord Deputy. 

^■^■' Jl?'^o ^' Has bestowed upon the bearer, John Lancaster, one of his 

chaplains in ordinary, the bishoprick of Ossory, if it be now 
void, as His Majesty is informed. Commands that all such 
warrants for his election, for the royal assent, and restitution 
of temporalities as are requisite or accustomed in such cases 
in that kingdom, may be prepared. — Greenwich, 21 June 
1607. 

" This is a true copy of the letter as it is entered in the 
Private Signet Book. Ex. P. Gall." 
1\ 1. Endd. 



198 IRELAND —JAMES I. 



1607. 
June 23. 264. SiR ARTHUR Chichester to the Attorney or SoLicm 

Carte Papers, GENERAL. 

TO . 61, p. 2 . Warrant to draw a fiant of pardon to Sir Robert Nug6 

Knight.— Dublin, 23 June 1607. 

P. I. Orig. Add. Endd. : " S'^ Rob* Nugent, Kn*, ] 
pdon." 

June 23. 265. SiR Arthur Chichester to the Privy Council. 

vrr2^^f ^85 ' Their Lordships signified by their letters of the 3rd instani 

further intention of sending thither a hundred persons more 
the Greames, to be disposed of into such companies as are d( 
cient, and required his opinion of it. Reminds them of what 
has often written concerning those already here^ of whom 
has, through pity of their distresses, thrust forty or thereaboi 
into bands that could hardly admit of such an addition, a 
for his own part keeps seven of them over and above his f 
numbers. They are so factious (or at least so thought to 1 
that no man will willingly entertain any of them, even thou 
they had need ; besides, there are so many honest poor ra 
who endured the pains and hazards of the late wars out 
entertainment, and expecting places in comjjanies when tl 
fall, that the captains make a conscience to prefer them bef( 
fresh men when they have occasion to entertain, Whereft 
if any more of them be sent, he prays that they may be st 
provided to inhabit some waste lands whereof there is gr( 
score everywhere. Without necessary helps and supportati 
for their first settlement, it were as good to send them into 
desert as into any part of this realm. Moreover, they are 
irresolute and inconstant that they will dwell in no ph 
which shall be assigned to them, if they, on knowledge 
report of others, shall afiect to dwell elsewhere. If they 
sent provided reasonably for a plantation here, he will dispe 
them under persons of discretion and trust into several pa 
of the kingdom ; but to place any more of them in the co 
panies is not possible, and he would not trust them in i 
wards.— Dublin, 23 June 1607. 
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd. 

25 June. 266. Sir Richard Moryson to Salisbury. 

%^{;22fX! ^^^® ^^^^ Deputy and Council, on [the death of the I 

Lord President of Munster, have conferred the charge of ■' 
province upon the Earl of Thomonde and him (Moryson) ui 
His Majesty otherwise dispose of it. 

The first part of his duty is to inform his Lordship in w] 
estate they find the Government, principally for the proce 
ings in religion in which the late Lord President wortli 
laboured to bring it to some perfection ; but the shortness 
time they have yet spent here, and the vastness of the subji 
must be his apology for any imperfect relation which he < 
as yet make. 



IRELAND — JAMES I. 199 



1607. 

Almost all the principal men of the towns are either pri- 
soners or upon bonds for their obstinacy and other contempts, 
and they find but little yet levied ; and a general expectation 
prevails in the people of a fuller liberty for their conscience 
than before. This they endeavour as much as possible to 
alter, both for the honour of State and the goodness of the 
cause, so much importing this sick kingdom ; but he fears they 
can do no more than to continue it upon such terms as they 
found it, for want of those directions and instructions which 
my Lady Brunckhnrste [Bruncker] carried with her into 
England, upon which my Lord President grounded most of 
his proceedings. They find and hear of many now relapsed 
who in his time were conformable. For the reducing of these 
they determine to begin the first part of their work. 

Has taken a view of all the fines of the province yet un- 
levied, which amount to 7,000?. or thereabouts. If His 
Majesty will dispose of this for the building of the intended 
citadels, the well-deserved punishment of their obstinate 
ofifences will both be a bridle to any ill-intended projects of 
innovation, and will disburthen His Majesty's coffers of that 
charge. — Limerick, 25 June 1607. 

Pp. 2. Signed. Endd. Add. Sealed. 

June 26. 267. Deputy and Council to the Peivy Council. 

^^^j'gof^gg' Upon late differences between the Earl of Tyrone and 

O'Chane, who came to Dublin for redress, they sent for the 
Earl that they might determine the dispute. O'Chane alleges 
that, upon his submission to the late Earl of Devonshire, he 
had his promise that the country known by the name of 
O'Chane's Country should be passed to him by the late Queen 
with limitations ; and' that the Earl granted unto him (in the 
meanwhile), under the great seal of this realm, a custodiam, in 
which are reservations of certain lands near the Derrye, and 
the Bishop's rights, as by the copy (herewith sent) may appear. 
He enjoyed those lands without interruption until the Earl 
returned last out of England, when he affirmed to O'Chane 
that he had that country, as well as the rest of Tyrone, passed 
unto him by letters patent from His Majesty. O'Chane 
being fearful, and the Earl working upon his credulity, there 
passed a contract in writing that O'Chane should retain two 
parts of the country, and the Earl should hold the third. 
But O'Chane alleges that the Earl has encroached on the 
limits thus agreed on with a strong hand, as has been the 
usage heretofore of the superior Irish lords towards their 
inferiors. Upon this ground O'Chane, relying upon the word 
and promise of the late Earl of Devonshire, repaired hither 
making suit by petition (which is sent herewith) to surrender 
his whole country and to take it again of His Majesty, with 
such conditions as shall be thought meet by the State here. 
Surrender he cannot, since the lands are either in the King, 
by the act of attainder of Shane O'Neale, or passed to the 



200 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

Earl by letters patent, which he supposes to be in genera 
words, together with the rest of Tyrone. The matter bein 
of special moment for the good settlement of those parts, the 
have thought it fit to hold a temporising course with them hot 
for the time, and to enable their Lordships to apprehend th 
state of this cause and the probabilities of His Majesty's title t 
the country. Herewith is sent the copy of the record returne 
upon the commission procured by the Earl in the late Queen 
time, together with a copy of the letter written from th 
Deputy and State here (upon O'Chane's submission) to th 
President of the Council ; as also a case drawn of the state c 
the cause. Request them to take the opinion of the judge 
there, and to return directions for such further proceedino 
therein as may promote the settlement of the country and ma 
prevent further brawls. The King's council advised an infoj 
mation of intrusion against the Earl, which would bring th 
whole country to His Majesty's. But for special considerf 
tions they thought it untimely to press the Earl in this wa 
without directions from England. Have, therefore, staye 
that proceeding till they receive their Lordship's allowance c 
other direction. For the present have stayed them upon 
provisional order, of which a copy is sent, and which the 
have promised to perform until His Majesty's pleasure I 
further known. Both parties deserve license to repair to H; 
Majesty, and chiefly the Earl, relying much, as it seems, on H] 
Majesty's gift, passed unto him under the great seal at his las 
being there, of the whole country of Tyrone, wherein he suj 
poses that O'Chane's Country is included. Have declined i 
give this license, in order to spare His Majesty's trouble b 
their importunities, and to prevent the misorders that migl 
happily break out in their countries during their absence.- 
Dublin, 26 June 1607. 

Signed : Arthur Chichester, Tho. Dublin, Cane, Rogen 

Midensis [Geor. Derrie], R. Wingfelde, Th. Ridge[way 

Ed. Cromwell, James Ley, Ni. Walshe, Anth. Sentleger, C 

Lambert, Garret Moore, 01. St. John, Jeff. Fenton, Ry. Cook 

Pp. 3. Add. Endd. Encloses, 

S.P., Ireland, 268. Petition of Donald O'Chane to the Privy Council. 

'" ' ' Petitioner repaired to Dublin, maJcing known the man 

fold wrongs and daily oppressions done to him, hy the Ea 
of Tyrone after his coming out of England. Petitioner heir 
illiterate, the Earl alleges that His Majesty had given ho\ 
petitioner and his country to the Earl to he at his disposa 
and the Earl brought Sir Henry Dochwra, then Governor 
Lafoyle {Lough Foyle), from the Lord Mountjoy, then Loi 
Deputy, a letter to deliver over petitioner and his country 
the said Earl, to surcease his government for having any mo 
to do with the said suppliant and country. This letter w 
contrary to that which ^vas promised petitioner upon his comi'i 
vnhyher late Majesty of happy memory. Petitioner havit 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 201 



1607. 

appealed for relief, His Highness' council there have sifted out 
the true state of the country, and finding it to he at this time 
the freehold in His Majesty's hands, they have, with the con- 
sent of both parties, transrtiittedj the cause to he determined 
hy the State in England. Prays, therefore, that His Majesty 
would grant a patent of his country to him and to his heirs, 
yielding and paying to the Earl of Tyrone and his heirs 
such rents and services agreeable to law, o,s were accustomed 
to be paid hy his ancestors to Con Baccagh, the grandfather 
of the said Ea7'l, the first patentee of Tyrone from the Grown 
of England, and loith such rents to His Majesty as are 
accustomably paid to His Highness of other lands in the 
countries adjoining. 
r. 1. Endd. 

S.P., Ireland, 269. Case of O'Cahane and Earl of Tirone [by Sir John 

vol.221, 88 II. j^^^^y^-^^ 

On the surrender of all lands iii 34 Henry VIII., hy Con 
Backagh O'Neale, ivho was created Earl of Tirone by letters 
patent Ist October same year, a grant %uas made of all 
castles, lands, &c. in Tirone, luith a limitation to Matthew, 
alias Ferdorogh, his son, and the heirs m,ales of his body, 
ivhose son and heir male the now Earl of Tirone is. 

Matthew, alias Ferdorogh, being slain hy Shane O'Neale, 
his brother, during the life of Con, Shane O'-Neale, after the 
death of Con, took upon him the nctme of O'Neale, and held 
the seignory of Tirone until he was slain in rebellion ; ivhere- 
upon, by an Act of Parliament made in 11° Eliz., the 
Countries of ' Tirone, Claneboy, Kryne, called CChane's 
Country , M'Qynniyes, 0''H anions, and divers others in Ulster, 
by special names, were resumed, and were vested in the late 
Queen and her successors for ever. A grant by letters patent 
dated 1 st May 29 Eliz., was made of the same to Hugh, now 
Earl of Tirone, luith a limitation to the now Earl for life, 
the remainder to Hugh, his eldest son, Baron of Dungannan, 
and his heirs males ; the remainder to Henry O'Neale, his 
second son, and his heirs males. 

Aftervjards, viz., 29 Eliz., a commission under the great 
seal of Ireland, ivas directed to Sir Bob. Gardiner, Sir Rob. 
Billon, Sir Lucas Dillon, Sir Nich. White, then Master of 
the Rolls, and others, to inquire hy jury and otherwise unto 
the bounds of such lands as the late Queen Elizabeth had 
granted to the now Earl within the country of Tirone, the 
services, rents, &c., usually rendered and paid to the said 
Con Baclcagh O'Neale, late Earl of Tirone within the country 
of Tirone at or after his being created Earl. Inquisition 
taken before said commissioners and jury of province of 
Ulster, whereby it was found that the boundaries of the 
country called Tirone, towards the north, begin at the river 
Finn, and proceed thence as far as Lough Foyle, and from 
Lough Foyle, by the sea-shore, to the Bann, and thence 



202 



IRELAND—JAMES I. 



1607. 



Bonnaght, cuttinge, and 
spending are unlawful 
Irish exactions abolished 
and extinguished as well 
by tho Statute of 11 Eliz. 
cap. 1, as by the accepting 
of letters patent from K. 
Henry VIII., Q. Elizabeth, 
and His Majesty, whereby 
the Earl holdeth his lands 
according to the rules of 
the common law, not sub- 
ject to any such Irish ex- 
tortions. 



June 20. 

S.r., Ireland, 
vol. 221, 88 III. 



extend towards the east to Lough Neagh, alias Lougl 
Sydney; within which limits the jurors found that then 
existed the territory called O'^Cahan's, Glenconheine, anc 
Killetragh ; hut that these were not lands of the OWeills it 
domain. The jury were unable to ascertain what servicet 
the tenants of said lands were accustomed to pay to Con Ear 
of Tirone; hut they found that all the lands within th 
limits of Tirone, except lands of the Archbishop of Armagh 
and abbey, priory, and other church lands, rendered " hon 
naght,^' " rising out, cutting, and spending," to Con O'Neill 
except that some of the chiefs of his own name only renderec 
" bonnaght " and " rising out." 

This inquisition was returned into the Chancery, and a 
the suit of the Earl of Tirone, enrolled in the Exchequer 
where it remains of record ; since which time the now Ear 
of Tirone and Donnogh CGhane, now chief of his name 
being in actual rebellion, and the Earl attainted of higl 
treason by outlaiury, O^Ghane submitted himself to the lat 
Queen, long before the Earl submitted himself and enfeoffa 
Sir Henry Docivray of the town and castle of Aynough, ant 
other lands lying near Loughfoyle to the use of her lat 
Majesty, and thereupon obtained a custodiam of all hi 
country under the great seal, with a promise in the Queen^ 
name from Sir Henry Bocivray, and after from the lat 
Lord Lieutenant, of a grant from the Crown of his country 
Since that time the Earl, being received to grace, has obtainec 
other letters patent from His Majesty, with the same words q 
grant and limitations of estates {hut that some territorie 
and parcels of lands are altogether excepted out of his las 
grant) as are contained in the letters patent of Queeo 
Elizabeth. 

Upon all this matter the question is, whether the freehoU 

of O'Chane's Country do not yet remain in the Crown h 

virtue of the said Statute of 11 Eliz. c.l, or whether th 

said country be granted unto the now Earl by any of th 

grants before recited. 

John Davys. 
Pp. 3. Endd. ^ 

270. Order of Lord Deputy and Council betivixt the Earl c 
Tirone and O'Chane. 

Donill Ballaghe 0' Cohan having preferred the petitio; 
already recited, the Earl of Tirone alleged in answe 
thereto, that the country was called by the name of Iragh 
I-Cahan and not O^Cahan^s Country ; that O' Cohan an 
his ancestors were but tenants at will and sufferance t 
the Earl and his ancestors, and always paid them sue 
rents, duties, and customs as their other tenants pay ; the 
this same was contained in the several letters patent to th 
Earl's grandfather and to himself; that His Highness passe 
his word that he should have all such lands as luere possesse 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 203 



1607. 

hy him before the last trouble ; that the said Earl, by virtue 
of his several letters patent, possessed the same, and therefore, 
if there were any cause of surrender, the said O'Cahan was 
not to he admitted thereunto, since he had no estate of inheri- 
tance. The Earl claimed, on the contrary, that neiu letters 
patent should be passed to him, and not to O^CahoM. ' Where- 
%ipon the raatter being heard and debated before the Council, 
it appeared that there ivas an agreement formerly made 
betwixt the said Earl and the said O'Gahan, which was un^itten 
in Irish, which ivritings retnain in the hands of William 
Usher, knight, the clerk of the Council, to the effect that 
O'Cahan shoidd possess two parts of the said country, and the 
Earl the other third part, named Maughery, and that this 
agreement luas afterward dissolved by both their consents, as 
the Earl affirmed, but is denied by O'Cahan. Now as the 
Tnatter is of great tveight, and in order that the country may 
reviain in good quiet, and especially because, upon examining 
of the whole matter, it seemed to them that the right to that 
country remaineth still in His Majesty, they order and 
decree for the present that the said CCahan shall hold the said 
t%oo parts of the said country, and that the Earl shall also 
hold the other third part called Maughery free, on both parts, 
the one towards the other, for any charge growing hereafter, 
saving to every man his right until His Majesty's "pleasure 
be further signified in that behalf. 

P. 1. Endd. Attested by Wi. Uscher. 

June 26. 271. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. 

^^^j-'gaf^^'sg.' Informed his Lordship, in his letters of the 27th of May, 

that he proposed acquainting some of the Council with the 
contents of the business which he (Salisbury) transmitted to 
him by John Strowd. Was at that time advised thereto upon 
the libel found at the Council Chamber door, and other obser- 
vations which he took from the carriage of some principal 
men, wherewith he likewise acquainted his Lordship at that 
time ; but, debating this matter further with himself after the 
despatch of those letters, he held it more agreeable with 
Salisbury's purposes to have it kept secret, and therefore treated 
with them only upon the points of the libel ; but in order to 
move them to be the more vigilant and careful in a matter of 
such moment, strengthened the declaration in the libel by 
acquainting them in general that he was advertised from 
thence that such plottings and combinations were intended 
here, without revealing the person or manner how it came to 
him, 

Now upon receipt of his Lordship's of the 4th inst., is 
exceeding glad that he did not impart it more plainly to them, 
and will now carry the whole business as his Lordship has 
and shall direct him. Hears nothing of A. B., but some say 
he will be here the first passage. 



204j IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

Has lately conferred with the Treasurer in matter of mone, 
and finds that he has taken up since his time, which is now 
year, the sum of 17,000Z. Irish, which money, or the greate; 
part of it, he expects will be paid there forthwith, an 
another portion sent hither for the growing charges. As tl 
Treasurer himself writes fully, he (Chichester) need not sa 
anything ; only he understands that money is not plenty i 
the King's coffers, and in Ireland men cannot forbear the 
entertainment one month without falling upon the countr 
which will breed much exclamation, and greatly hinder H 
Majesty in the receipt of his composition. Has lived long : 
this land, and in other parts, and yet never did he hear of i 
general a scarcity of money and complaint for want there( 
Unless coin come from thence in more plenty, thinks tl 
King's rents must be paid in corn and cattle. JPrays him i 
hold up the purpose resolved on there and. transmitted to thei 
for sending hither ] 2,0001. quarterly, and that the payme] 
may be assigned out of some certain rents of custom or othe 
wise, so as it may come hither in the beginning of evei 
quarter. By this the King shall be no loser, and their Lori 
ships by that course will be eased of their importunities : 
this kind, and all His Majesty's good servants here mu( 
comforted. Has been sparing in propounding for money sim 
Mr. Treasurer came over, and would have been silent at th 
time, did not necessity enforce him to speak. — Castle of Dubli; 
26 June 1607. 

Fp. 2. Signed. Add. Endd. 



vol. 221, 90. 



June 28. 272. Earl of Clanricarde to Salisbury. 

S.P., Ireland, jjg^g appointed the bearer, his servant, to wait on his Lor< 

ship for his direction in the matter of Daniel that cozened h 
wife, and makes bold to acquaint him that he has sent to tl 
Deputy, as his Lordship directed, who, he is sure, will be gh 
to hear of his extraordinary care of him ; and without questic 
so honest a man cannot but perpetually remember such e: 
ceeding great favours. Has also in this last despatch sei 
order for Sir Ro. Remington's coming over, since, as he saj 
his private 'estate much requires it ; and in his absence h; 
written to the Deputy for the appointment of the Chi 
Justice of Connaght to exercise the commissions for the pres 
dency till they can think of another, that is a soldier, mo 
fit ; and yet hopes in the meantime that, with such cautic 
and instructions as he has given him, together with the ca 
and diligence of such as he chiefly trusts there, all things w: 
be in good order. 

There are certain agents for the town of Athenry within t! 
province of Connaght now suitors at the court by direction, 
they say, from that corporation. They have brought a lett 
from the Deputy, and they have been with him (Clanricar 
for his recommendation, because that town lieth within t' 



IRELAND — JAMES I. 205 



1607. 

government whereof he has charge ; but, because the principal 
of them, named Bodkin, is a notorious knave and a lunatic 
fellow, who happily having by some means made himself 
their chief officer for this year, may undertake this employ- 
ment without general consent, and rather as he (Clanricard) 
supposes, by the procurement of a merchant of Galway, that 
through the weakness and misery of those poor townsmen, 
has so enhanced and procured more than ])alf the profits, rents, 
and duties belonging to that place to himself, that it is not 
like to come to any better state or condition ; — for this'reason he 
on his part has refused to recommend the causes desired by 
them ; and if the Deputy had known as much, thinks he would 
do no otherwise, till the state of their condition were thoroughly 
searched and made manifest. That town he affects much, and 
would be glad to undergo much labour to have it well settled 
for the service of the King and public good of the country where 
it lieth ; but the employment of so ill a messenger, the private 
gain of one man which was intended for a generality, by 
which all corporations must stand, make him mistrust that 
what favour the King may be pleased to show in this case 
will be rather a trouble and charge than any conveniency ; and 
in his conceit these things should be well understood, and more 
sufficient agents sent before any grant made therein. — Ben- 
nington, 28 June 1607. 
F'p. 4. Signed. Endd. 

S.P., Ireland, 273. fSALISBURY to the EarL OF ThOMOND.I 

vol. 221, 91. TT • 1 1 

Has perceived by some letters of his written with a purpose 
that the Lord Carew and others should see them, how great 
care he takes for the advancement of His Majesty's service 
in the place he holds. Acknowledges all these kind offices. 
Concerning the particulars which have happened in this interim, 
any directions to be given him in the matters of the govern- 
ment have been anticipated by the directions he had from that 
State, Neither knows be what to advise further, nor what to 
expect more than he has done ; for, as it is true that in the 
point of justice the proceedings of the late President forou"-ht 
that ever he has heard, could not any way be taxed, so for 
those things which in the matter of religion have been imputed 
to him, he approves the case he (Thomond) has used, so to 
uphold his actions, being dead, as that this bowld stiffnecked 
people and popish part of that kingdom might not justly 
make good the scandal they had cast upon him, by bein'o- 
able to say that the State had chosen such a minister*^ as had 
buried himself with such a memory, that, before he was cold 
in his grave, the next succeeding governor found cause to 
disavow all his proceedings. Will shortly say this, that he 
knows he was faithful to the King, of a sound religion, and 
honest to his friend ; though in this matter of recusancy 
and in the proceeding against recusants, he acknowledges to 
have seriously advised him to forbear those extremities. 



206 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

Does not affect in any place, much less in this reformation, 
the constraint of conscience when it swells not into dis- 
loyalty, being rather to be left to the work of grace and- time 
than to be dealt withal in violent manner ; yet, when he 
considers how fit it was to extirpate out of their minds that 
hope which they devoured of toleration of religion, and sees 
by the Deputy's letters how far short his (the late President's) 
actions have been of their complaints, he cannot but believe 
that the prejudice they have against his person whom the 
world held to be more fervent than others, has multiplied 
much of their malice. So that for conclusion he has no 
more to say, considering how discreet a gentleman His 
Majesty holds his Deputy, and how extraordinarily he has 
his favour, but to refer him during the time he shall hold 
the place to those directions which he shall give him. For 
himself his advice is that, where he shall meet with audacious 
and insolent behaviour of any person in avowing the enter- 
tainment of priests and Jesuits, he shall make some such 
example as the laws of that kingdom will permit ; and for the 
rest of the generality, that he shall use all the best means that 
may be to open their ears. "Wherein would God he could once 
hear that there were now such labourers in that great harvest 
as that good Bishop of Cork has been described to him to be 
by all those that know him. This he conceives to be sufficient 
for the public, considering how shortly His Majesty means to 
ease him of that burthen by the choice of the Lord Davers 
worthily deserving it. 
Pp. 4. Draft. Not add. 

[ June.] 274. Eael of Thomond to Salisbury. 

S.P., Ireland, Craves pardon for not writing since he came to the com- 

^° ■ ^^^' ^ ■ mand of this province, which was neither for want of love or 

the true respect he bears his Lordship. Vows before the 
Majesty of God that there is not that man living that respects 
him more truly and faithfully. For the managing of the 
state of this province he has followed the Lord Deputy's 
direction as near as he could ; and for the upholding of the 
late Lord President's honour, refers himself to the Lord 
Deputy and to others of His Majesty's principal officers in this 
kingdom, let all malicious seditious recusants say what they 
list. Knew him to be an honest and just gentleman, desirous 
to do good to his prince and good service to his country. 
The infection of this province he foresaw ; and whosoever doth 
succeed therein can do no less than he did for the Jesuits and 
seminaries, who, he affirms, are the arrantest traitors that are 
in this kingdom, who have ever kindled the fire of rebellion in 
this country, having neither particular or general pardon. Of 
this he has given notice to the Lords of Assize that were in 
the circuit of this province, that they might be indicted by 
His Majesty's learned counsel by course of law, and so pro- 
claimed. Assures him that they are the beginners of all 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 207 



1607. 

rebellion, governing both lords, lawyers, and towns, who 
being reduced, the gentlemen and commonalty of the country 
would soon be brought to conformity, those priests being 
banished. 

For this province of Munster, having of late looked unto 
it more than formerly he had done since the departure of 
the Lord Carew, is struck by the want of citadels which 
would keep both town and country in true obedience, and 
ease His Majesty in time of a great charge, and by the failure 
of the undertakers to perform in their English plantation ac- 
cording to covenant. If they did this, they would be able to 
encounter with the country at every time. But on the con- 
trary, they breed up Irish rebels so that His Majesty shall 
find rebels, if His Highness have any occasion, instead of 
subjects. The most of these devilish priests and seminaries 
are relieved in the county of Tipperary, in Waterford, Clon- 
meU, Cashell ; some few in Corck and Lymerick. It is im- 
jDOSsible for any officer to lay hands upon them ; for the officers 
are no sooner known to come into the country but the priests 
are presently conveyed away. 

When it shall please His Majesty to send the Lord Davers 
to this place, will give him the best assistance he has. Hopes 
his Lordship will write to the Lord Deputy when Lord 
Davers comes ; so that he may be licensed to go for England 
to present his duty to His Majesty, and to yield to his Lord- 
ship a true account, as an honest man, of all his proceedings 
here. The time of the year will be so far spent that he fears 
he will not be able to be there before the next spring. Has 
been earnestly entreated by his son's friends to send for him 
over for this winter season, having been in England since he 
was seven years of age, and not knowing any one of his 
friends in this kingdom ; and for his own part, means his 
continuance here shall not be long, but to return again to ^be 
disposed as his Lordship shall think fit. Will humbly entreat 
his Lordship to present him to His Majesty. 

Pp. 3. Signed. Add. Endd. Encloses, 

S.P., Ireland, 275. Account of Payments due, March — June, 1607. 

vol 221 92a ./ u 

' ' Account of payments due to the end of March 1607, 

and from, thence to the last of June following ; with a state- 
ment of the revenue, mostly horroived, &c. 
Pp. 5. 

Moneys due, July 1, 1606— ilfarc^ 31, 1607 

" Money due out of the treasure coming from England 
in 274 days, beginning 1 July 1606 and ended last 
of March 1607, in all 37,442^. Os. 9d., faciens English 
money, 28,081?. 10s. 6|d 

" The Treasurer is chargeable with the sums tvithin 
written toivcLrds the payment of the charge aforesaid. 



208 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1G07. 

" His Majesty's charge in Ireland, payable of 
treasure coming from England, viz., for 91 dc 
beginning 1 April 1607 and ending last June n 
after. 
" The mooiey borrowed, 17,0001., fac. English, 12,750Z. 
" His Majesty's clear charge for a year ending last Ju 
1()07, 50,343^. Irish, fac. English, 37,737Z. 15s." 

Th. Ridgeway. 

Pp. 5. Endd.: "An account of the treasure sent ir> 
Ireland from the 1st of July 1606 to the last of June 160' 

July 1. 276. Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. 

voT." 222^'9f.' ^P^'^ receipt of their Lordships' letters in behalf of Patri 

Strange, who preferred a scandalous bill to them against t 
Lord Viscount Butler for abetting Edmond O'Brenan, a nol 
able malefactor, that heretofore wounded and robbed the sa 
Strange, they required the said Viscount to answer the sam 
which accordingly he did, and so cleared himself, that Stran 
being unable to justify his information, and knowing 1 
guilt, fell down upon his knees and prayed his forgivenei 
And as Strange first complained to them (the Lords) wl 
referred it to the consideration of the Deputy and Counc 
and as the Lord Butler has besought them to acquaint t] 
Lords with the whole proceedings, they do so by sendii 
the copy of an Act entered in the council book ; beseechii 
them to conceive that the said Viscount hath very honouraK 
acquitted himself of this scandalous imputation. And f 
anything that ever they could perceive, no man in this kin 
dom has a greater desire to be free from all matters of offen 
than his Lordship. So, &c.— Dublin, 1 July 1607. 

Signed : Arthur Chichester, Tho. Dublin, Cane, R. Win 
felde, Geor. Derrien, Th. Eidgway, James Ley, H. Wyncl 
Jeff. Fenton, Anth. Sentleger, Lords of the Council. 

P. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.: " Concerning Vi. Butler ai 
Pa. Strange." Encloses, 

June 24. 277. At His Majesty's Castle of Dublin, 

S.P., Ireland, Arthur Ghichcstcr. By the Lord Deputy and Counc 

' ^' This day the Lord Viscount Butler being called before \ 

touching a slanderous bill preferred against him by o', 
Patrick Strange of Waterford, merchant, concerning I 
abetting and relieving of Edmond O'Brenan, a noteal 
malefactor, who, amongst others, did luound the said Stran 
and took away certain goods from him ; and the matt 
being fully heard, and the said Strange being demand 
what ground or colour he had to charge the nobleman ui 
this matter, could neither show suficient cause nor pr 
bability to verify that information, other than the said Lo' 
Viscount having a command from His Majesty in t 
county of Catherlaughe, and authority from the State here 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 209 



1G07. .^ 

protect, and understanding hy Therlo Walshe and, others 
that the said Brenan could disclose matters tending to tlic 
service of His Highness, granted 'protection unto him for a 
short time ; whereupon he came to Catherlaughe before the 
Lord Chief Justice and Lord Chief Baron at the Assizes 
holding there, ivhere he was examined. And it appeared 
unto us that the said Brenan %vas afterwards apprehended 
and executed hy the law ; so that the said Strangers infor- 
mation was altogether untrue; and that he deserved to he 
severely punished for preferring of so slanderous a hill 
against so honourable a personage, free in the opinion of us 
all from any cause of that imputation. And ive proposing 
to afflict such punishment upon the said Strange for that his 
unjust and dishonest information, he, calling to memory the 
guilt of his oivn conscience, and perceiving our resolution 
for punishment of that offence, fell presently upon his knees 
and humbly desired the said Lord Viscount to forgive that 
fault, and promised that hereafter he ivould carry himself 
in so dutiful and reverent sort toivards his Lordship that 
he would never hereafter give cause to him to conceive hardly 
of him, having been right sorry for preferring the said untrue 
information against him. Whereupon the said Lord Vis- 
count, being moved (as it seemed) with the poverty of the 
informer, was content to rem.it the said indignity. And ice 
also, being touched with like commiseration, were drawn to 
free the said Strange for this time from, the punishment 
which ivorthily might be inflicted upon him. And to the end 
it may appear unto the world how this matter hath pro- 
ceeded, we have caused this Act to be entered in the Council 
Book. 

Signed : Tho. Dublin, Cane, Ro. Midensis, George Derrien, 
Ed. Cromiuell, Tho. Ridgeivay, Nicho. Walshe, Antho. St. 
Leger, Oliver St. John, Oliver Lambert. 

Copia vera. Ex per Pa. Foxe. 

P. 1. Endd. 

[July 1.] 278. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. 

^•^j-' 222^*94' Sends him a cast of Gaushaukes (Goshawks) of the best 

' ' eries of the kingdom ; and intended to send him more, but they 

miscarried, as he hears most of those have done which are 
sent out of this kingdom thither. Kept these so long, in 
order that he might be assured they were sound. Sends him 
also a fair dog, not having a match to make them a brace. 
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd. 

July 1. 279. Sir John Davys to Salisbury. 
^'^''Jjo^T^' The calm proceeding of things here after the accustomed 



Tol, 222, 95. 



manner ministers little matter of intelligence to be signified to 
his Lordship, specially from one who does not williDgly adver- 
tise anything that is impertinent to his robe and profession. 
2. 



210 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

The two last terms have brought forth only two cau! 
worthy of his Lordship's knowledge. 

The one is the attainder of Lalor, a priest indicted up 
the old statutes of Prsemunire, for exercising the authority 
vicar-general of the See Apostolic in the dioceses of Dubl 
Kildare, and Femes. 

The other is a cause moved at Council Table here 
Donnogh O'Chane, chief of his name, against the Ear] 
Tirone, touching the inheritance of all that large and fruit 
territory which, lying between Loughfoyle and the ri\ 
of the river of the Banne, has for many ages past been p( 
sessed by O'Chane and his ancestors, as lords and propriet( 
thereof. 

Touching the Attainder of Lalor, it was the first judgme 
in case of prsemunire that can be found among the records 
this kingdom. And as he was convicted by clear evidei 
in the opinion of all the hearers, whereof the greatest numl 
were partial on his part, so has it bred no small terrc 
not only to other priests and Jesuits who. before ranged 
and down the kingdom with much boldness and securi 
notwithstanding the proclamation, but also to divers pri 
cipal gentlemen of the Pale, who have been maintainers a 
abettors of this priest in his usurped jurisdiction, where 
they have also incurred the danger of the praemunire ; for 
appeared upon the evidence given against the priest tt 
sundry gentlemen had taken from him sundry dispensatio 
for marriages within the degrees and for non-payment 
tithes, and that some had sued divorces before him, and othi 
had presented clerks unto him whom he instituted u 
benefices. Besides, this priest had obtained such credit a 
trust among them, as that he was and yet is a feoffee of tr 
to divers lords and gentlemen of all their lands of inhe 
tance, all which are forfeited to the Crown by his attaind 
Among the rest he is feoffee of the greatest part of the lai 
of the Earldom of Kildare and of the barony of Delvyn. 

The whole state of this cause, and the manner of tl 
proceeding therein, he wiU (God willing) in the time of leis 
and vacation, after his circuit is ended, draw into a sh 
discourse and send to his Lordship. 

For the cause between O'Chane and the Earl of Tirone 
when both their titles were set forth, it appeared plainly t 
neither of them had any title to the freehold and inherita 
of the country or territory in question, but that it no^ 
and ever hath been, vested in the actual possession of 
Crown since the 11th year of Queen Elizabeth. Howb 
the land lying in those remote parts, the ignorance i 
negligence of officers was such that it was never brought i 
charge; but O'Chane and his followers were suffered £ 
to intrude upon the King's possession, until he obtainei 
custodiam thereof under the great seal some few moi 
before the death of the late Queen, 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 211 



1607. 



• •- 



The state of tlus cause he signified to his Lordship before 
Christmas last ; but he has now drawn the case more exactly 
out of the records themselves which the Lord Deputy has 
now transmitted, whereby His Majesty's title not only to all 
O'Chane's country, but also to the great wood or forest 
of Glanconkejn (which is well nigh as large as the New 
Forest in Hampshyre, and stored with the best timber in 
Ireland), and likewise to the territory of Killetragh and other 
good scopes of land in Tirone, appears so evidently that 
there is no colour or shadow of doubt in the case. The 
words of grant to Con Backagh, the Earl's grandfather, are 
general, viz., omnes terras, tenementa, hereditamenta, quce 
modo habet vel dudum habuit in Tirone. Now the truth 
is discovered that in those lands and other parts of that 
country Con Backagh had only a chiefry of certain ^ cows and 
rising out of men, and was not owner of the land in demesne. 
So that, the lands in demesne being settled in the Crown 
by the statute of 11 Eliz., and not having been granted since 
to the Earl or to any other subject, the Earl is to sue to the 
King by petition for his chiefry only, but hath no colour of 
right to the possession at all. 

The several patents granted to the first Earls of Clanricard 
and Thomond were passed at the same time to O'Brien and 
M'William, and have the same general words, there being no 
difierence between O'Neale's patent and theirs, but only the 
names of the persons and countries ; yet neither of these two 
Earls did ever presume to dispossess the ancient freeholders in 
their several countries. 

My Lord of Thomond had granted unto him all the lands, 
tenements, and hereditaments which his ancestors had on 
the west side of the river Shanon ; yet M'Nemara, O'Clansy 
O'Mahon, O'Dea, and others, freeholders in Thomond, hold their 
ancient freeholds without contradiction of the Earl ; whereas, if 
he might make them ten ants-at- will, such as the Earl of Tirone 
would make all the inhabitants of Tirone to be, his revenue 
would be increased sevenfold ; — a thing which this Earl (who is 
the best husband of his estate that ever was of the mere Irish) 
would not let pass, if it stood with the law and his duty to 
bring it to pass. 

The like may be said of the Earl of Clanricard, who has 
a grant of all the lands, tenements, and hereditaments which 
M'William had in Conaght. If this Earl, by colour of these 
general words, might eject all the Septs of the Bourks, as 
M'Davy, M'Hulbard, and others, together with O'Madden, 
O'Shaghnes (O'Shaughnessy), O'Flaerty, O'Kelly, and other 
freeholders in that province, upon whom M'WUliam had 
cutting and spending in ancient time, he would have a greater 
estate in Conaght than ever the Earls of Orraond or Desmond 



1 In margin. Namely, out of O'Chane's country 21 cows yearly and no more. 

2 



212 IRELAND— JAMES 1. 

1607. 

had in Leiiister or Munster, But those Earls of Thomond an 
Clanricard, though they have as large and liberal grants as tl 
Earl of Tirone, yet, being obedient to the law, did not make an 
such unlawful and unreasonable changes. The case in la' 
standing thus, they see no reason (under correction), in policy < 
State, why His Majesty should suffer him to intrude upon an 
of his possessions to enrich himself and to revive his greatnei 
in those parts; or that this Earl should violently encroac 
upon the King and his subjects against the law, when thoi 
other Earls, having as beneficial grants as he, and meritin 
more favour, are restrained to their proper demesnes accordir 
to the law. 

Tirone is threescore miles in length and thirty miles i 
breadth ; if all this land were his in demesne, all the the inhah 
tants would be but his villains, and should have no dependanc 
on the King, as O'Chane himself told the Lord Deputy ar 
Council the other day : " I am come hither," said he, " to 1 
protected by the King, and to the end that I and my kindrc 
may depend only on the King ; if you send me down again 
live under O'Neale and to hold my country at his pleasure, 
must do as I have done, and be at his commandment in s 
actions he shall undertake." Again, he covets so eagerly 
engross the whole country into his own hands, that his ende 
vours in this kind are so much the more to be restrained 1; 
all just and lawful means ; for the Archbishop of Armagh ar 
the Bishop of Derry and Clogher have great scopes of lar 
within his country ; yet he restrains them to hold ren 
and chiefries, and under colour thereof will not suffer the 
to enjoy their own ancient demesnes ; whereas himself, on tl 
other side, will receive no rent or chiefry, but, like the Tui 
or Tartar, will have all in possession, and consequently all t 
tenants of that country to be his slaves and vassals. Agai 
whereas, by his own consent when he was last in England, 
was concluded by the Lords of the Council there that Hen 
Oge O'Neale's country should be excepted out of his ne 
letters patent, and granted to Henry Oge and his heirs to he 
immediately of His Majesty, which hath been performed i 
cordingly ; yet now he quarrelleth with Henry Oge's grai 
and hath brought an ejection fivme to evict the possession frc 
him ; wherein though he cannot prevail, yet he makes demc 
stration of his unquiet desire to repossess all that count 
contrary to his own agreement, his Lordship's order, and t 
intent and purpose of His Majesty's grant to the said H. 
O'Neale notwithstanding. Can well assure his Lordship th 
before the Statute of 11 Eliz., which resumed the whole couni 
and vested it in the Crown, there were many freeholders in tl 
country of as ancient continuance as this man or his ancestc 
among which O'Chane was chief ; whose several freeholds bei 
yet remaining in His Majesty, and not granted to the Ei 
may be graciously re-granted, part to the natives, and part 
the servitors ^f this kingdom, with reservation of ferms f 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 213 



1607. 



tenures, which will be a profit to His Majesty and an inesti- 
mable good to the common weal ; but if this opportunity be 
not taken, they will have no Commonwealth in IJJster, and it 
will ever lie in the power of that barbarous family to hazard 
the Crown of Ireland as heretofore it hath done. 

As for the great wood of Glanconkeyn, if His Majesty, 
having neither park nor forest in this kingdom, will be pleased 
to reserve the same and make it a forest, besides the pleasure 
of the game wherewith it may be stored, it lies so commo- 
diously upon the river of the Banne that the timber thereof 
may be easily transported for building of ships or other public 
uses. 

When this matter is in question, the Earl (though he be 
calm and cold enough at other times) yet then rises into 
passion, because he well knows the settling of his country 
will reduce him to the moderate condition of other lords in 
Ireland and in England at this day ; for, when England was 
full of tenants-at-will our barons were then like the mere Irish 
lords, and were able to raise armies against the Crown ; and, as 
this man was O'Neale in Ulster, so the Earl of Warwick was 
O'N evill in Yorkshire, and the Bishopric and Mortimer was 
the like in the Marches of Wales. Doubts not that his Lord- 
ship has heard of this Earl's insolent behaviour in snatching 
and rending in pieces an instrument written in Irish out of 
O'Chane's hand, in the presence of the Lord Deputy and 
Council ; for which afterward he humbly submitted ,himself, 
as well by word as writing under his hand. 

Is assured that he is already a suitor to His Majesty to 
grant the lands of the freeholders in his country to him, 
under pretence that he will have nothing left, if His Majesty 
dispose those lands to others ; yet is it most certain that, when 
every man has his own, yet will he be owner, of so much land 
as he will never thoroughly inhabit and manure as long as he 
lives ; but it is not the land, but the bodies of men and com- 
mand over the King's subjects, which he desires. 

These are the two principal causes that arose during the 
last two terms. 

Touching the reviving of His Majesty's customs, which 
have been detained by the corporations of the port towns 
in Leinster and Munster for the space of 200 years past 
by colour of their over-liberal charters, will not trouble his 
Lordship with any large relation. Has brought several quo 
warrantos against the corporations ; they have pleaded their 
charters ; has demurred upon the invalidity thereof ; the 
demurrers have been argued several times, and their charters 
are so feebly defended that he expects judgment for the King 
the next term, which judgment he hopes will in time bring no 
small augmentation to His Majesty's revenues. 

These are the best advertisements he can return out of this 
realm.— Dublin, 1 July 1607. 

Pp. 7. Signed. Add. Endd. Seeded. 



214 IRELAND— JAMES I. 



1607. 
[July 1.] 280. Geoege [Montgomery], Bishop of Derry, Rapho, an 

S.P., Ireland, ClOGHER, to the LORD DEPUTY and COUNCIL. 

vol. 222 9dA 

Protests against the renewal of a grant to John Elliott, 
Baron of the Exchequer, and others, of certain Termon land 
belonging to the bishopric of Clogher, to which of right the; 
appertain. 

Pp. 2. Endd. : " Lords of the Council." 

July 1. 281. George [Montgomery], Bishop of Derry, &c., t 

S.P., Ireland, SALISBURY, 

vol, 222 96. 

' ' Having spent almost a whole year in the northern an 

most barbarous parts of Ulster, and finding the great diflS 

culty of reducing this people to civility, unless a course b 

taken for the education of the youth in learning and loyalt;5 

he again entreats his Lordship's furtherance of his first motia 

to His Majesty, for the erection of three free schools in th 

bishopric of Derry, Rapho, and Clogher, for which His Highnes 

graciously promised a book of 30Z. land, 101. to each schoo 

Prays that a warrant may be speedily sent over for tha 

purpose, otherwise the many books that are to pass here wi 

leave little land for the schools. Earnestly petitions him to ir 

tercede with His Majesty, that the patrimony of the church ii 

these three bishoprics may be settled in the right of the churcl 

and that the claims and titles of those that would carry i 

away may be stopped ; which if they be permitted to do, thos 

that are employed here must give over, when there shall b^ 

no means left to reward or maintain them ; and so, the peopl 

already too brutish, shall in a short time become heathenish, 

The Earl of Tirone makes challenge to all the church-Ian^ 

that lies either in his own or in O'Cahan's country, and s 

carries away at once almost the whole bishopric of Derry 

the colour of right which he pretends is the general grar 

of his country from His Majesty, which he thinks to l 

mach the stronger, because some of the O'Neales, in some ( 

those lawless times and courses which they held, have o^ 

pressed even the church itself with their unlawful cuttings 

and though these colourable claims be in themselves ver 

weak, yet to go trial with the Earl by jury in this countr 

among his oWn people, which he labours to bring to pas 

will be without hope of any indifferency, but with muc 

hazard and no likelihood of prevailing. Knows no bett( 

remedy than that His Majesty may graciously explain h 

meaning in the general words of his patent, and commai 

the Earl to forbear all further disturbance, so that the chur( 

may enjoy her ancient right. In the counties of Monagha 

and Fermanagh, within the diocese of Clogher, the who 

possessions of that bishopric have ever been known by tl 

name of Termon land. Of these Termons, the bishops, as tn 

landlords, have always had the sole possession, placing ai 

displacing the tenants, receiving their rents, their hospiti 

with all fees and services accruing due unto them out of t] 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 215 



1607. 

same, sometimes augmenting, sometimes diminishing their 
rents at their pleasure, as by a register of 200 years, which 
he has showed, appears. Yet divers gentlemen, supposing 
these lands escheated to the Crown by the Act of Dissolution, 
obtained patents of most of them from her late Majesty, 
about the 34th year of her reign ; at which time, there being 
no lawful bishops in these places but such as (being the 
Pope's lewd instruments) lurked in the country, and durst 
make no open challenge to the right of the church, their 
patents passed without challenge. In these grants this cau- 
tionary proviso was inserted, tha,t if the patentees should not 
within five years build castles of defence on those lands, their 
patents should be utterly void, as now they are by non- 
performance of that condition. The late patentees are ac- 
cordingly again become suitors to Bis Majesty for a confirma- 
tion of their forfeited estates. Refers his Lordship to the Book 
of the Division of Monaghan, wherein these Termons are to 
pass, in the end of which his challenge to these Termons is set 
down. If these Termons be suffered to pass from the church, 
the utter undoing of that bishopric, and the impoverishing of 
all the parochial churches must follow, for to his knowledge 
there is not any, the smallest glebe, belonging either to parson 
or vicar but is included in these Termons. 

In this book of the Termons there are passed also unto 
Sir Bryan M'Mahound 16 tates or four quarters of land be- 
longing also to the bishopric of Clogher, called Gabalune, 
alias Ballegeloone, which lies indeed in the county of Ferma- 
nagh, but being lately put into the division of Monaghan, and 
being found to be waste, and in his absence no claim made 
thereunto, was allotted out to the said Sir Brian and eight of 
his followers. For the stopping of these grants he has written 
to the Lords Commissioners for this kingdom, and now has 
recourse unto his Lordship as one of the just, noble patrons both 
of church and commonwealth, praying that by his mediation to 
His Majesty no new grants may be made of these Termons, 
but that they may be reassured unto the church, for which 
this is a fit opportunity, seeing that the former grants are, by 
forfeiture, in His Highness's hand again to be disposed of at 
his pleasure. It is not his own profit, but the establishment 
of the church and furthering of His Majesty's service that is 
sought hereby ; and it will not be the least part of Salisbury's 
honour to be the worthy instrument of so great good unto this 
church and country ; wherein as he shall do a service for the 
church most acceptable in the ear of His sacred Majesty, so 
shall the whole tribe of Levy be ever bound to continue the 
religious memory of his lionourable love and zeal unto the 
Lord's house. — Dublin, 1 July 1607. 

Pp. 2. Signed. Add. Endd. 

July 1. 282. Bishop of Derry to Salisbury. 

vol '222^^9?' Hears that Tyrone complains to the King that he (the 

bishop) has stirred up O'Cane. Protests that it is untrue ; 



216 IRELAND — JAMES I. 

1607. 

nor did he ever see Inm till lie came to him to Derry to com- 
plain upon the Earl, hoping to receive remedy of him therein 
Confesses, however, that, being about to try to free the 
church's patrimony from the Earl's hands, by disputing in 
the King's right his challenge to O'Cane's whole country, as 
given to him by the King, wherein lies a great part of the 
bishopric of Derry (though* the contrary appeared by his and 
Con Baccagh's patent compared with an office found at the 
instance of this Earl in her late Majesty's time for the bound- 
ing of Tyrone) ; and finding O'Cahan much discontented with 
the Earl's oppressions, and desirous to hold his country im- 
mediately of the King, and to depend upon him (as he 
alleges he was promised he should do by the State here at 
his coming in), and very earnest to petition the State for that 
purpose when he understood by his (the bishop's) answer to 
his complaint that he could be relieved by him herein, he did 
not think fit to dissuade him, nor deem it amiss to ease himself 
of the labour of the trial with the Earl, which otherwise he 
must have undertaken ; but was contented to make use of 
this occasion ofiered into his hand, and to encourage O'Cane 
in his intended course. Whereupon the matter came tc be 
heard at the table, and after much debating by council on 
both sides in the hearing of the judges, was at length brought 
to this, that the fee of that whole country appeared to be in 
the King, as his Lordship may perceive by the general letters 
from the Lord Deputy and Council in that behalf 

But now to consider of the disposition of this country of 
O'Cahan's. The country is large, pleasant, and fruitful, being 
24 miles in length between Loughfoile and the Banne, and 
in breadth from the coast towards the lower parts of Tirone 
1 4 miles ; the only country besides Glancunken and Killetro 
left in His Majesty's hands to be disposed in Ulster, the 
settling whereof concerns the good and quiet of these parts in 
the highest degree The lord of this country, O'Cahan, was 
able to assist the Earl of Tirone in the time of rebellion 
with 200 foot and 300 horse, the ablest men that Ulster 
yielded ; and by the confession of the gentlemen of the first 
plantation, who yet live here, they have put them oftener to 
their defence and fight than any enemy they had to do withal, 
not suffering them ^to cut a bough to build a cabin without 
blows. He told the Earl, in contesting with him before the 
table, that when the Earl was driven to his fastness, and 
could not show himself, he sent him 100 horse and 300 foot, 
and yet made good his own country against the army lying 
round about him ; and demanded of the Earl whether, after 
he had forsaken him, and yielded to the State, the Earl did 
ever after maintain any open fight ? And the Earl has hereto- 
fore confessed to some, that now brook the highest place in this 
kingdom, that O'Cahan's coming in had undone him, and that 
as long as he had his country sure behind him, he little cared 
for anything they could do to him before. It was thought 



IRELAND — JAMES I. 217 



1607. 



fit in policy of State to separate O'Doghertie from O'Donel, 
and this country now finds the good of it, and will every 
day more and more. O'Cahan is of greater power to offend 
or benefit in respect of the vicinity and largeness of his 
country, and is thought (under correction) no less needful to 
be freed from the Earl. They are sensible hereof that dwell 
in this poor infant city of Derry, who are cast out far from 
the heart and head into the remotest parts of this kingdom ; 
and they think it concerns them as near as their lives to have 
this country sure and well settled with civil subjects. 

His Lordship, as he understands by the gentlemen of this 
first plantation, was the first that persuaded the undertaking 
of this service here, and God gave a blessing unto it ; the place 
gained is of great importance for the quieting of all these 
northern parts, but so poorly left ; — without so much as one-half 
quarter or yard of land to help the inhabitants with any 
common, all the land being passed to Sir Ralph Bingley in 
fee-farm, and from him to Sir Henry Docwra, from him to 
Sir George Powlett, the now Vice-Provost, the very land be- 
longing to the bishopric within the island, the cathedral, and 
parochial churches and churchyard, the bishop's house not 
excepted, which are yet strongly held, and he (the bishop) is 
driven to a long and tedious suit to recover ; yea the very 
church which Sir Henry Docwra gave to the city for their 
parish church, and which was built at the common charge of the 
city and country, being now also challenged and withheld by 
the Vice-Provost as sold unto him ; — that, unless some care be 
had of this poor place in settling of this country, there is no 
further expectation to lielp it. For this is the last country 
left to be disposed of, and the last and best means in these 
]3arts, wherein, if this city be neglected, they may say Fuimus 
Troes : fuit Ilium. It has been much desired that O'Cahan 
would seek his liberty, and could never before this time be 
brought to pass. He now desires it with all earnestness, and 
to depend and sei've the King and none other ; and he desired 
the Lord Deputy and Table to consider whether they thought 
fitter he should follow the King or the Earl, protesting that he 
was ready to serve the King if he might be accepted, but that, 
if he were again put to the Earl, he would do as the Earl did. 
Much eagerness has past between them in open contestation, 
in so much that O'Cahan has said that, if the State will give 
him license, he will defend his country against the Earl, and 
never complain of him for his taking one cow out of his 
country ; by which means the Earl is much incensed against 
him, and, if he cannot carry the country himself (whereof he 
maketh no question, so confident he is of the King's favour) 
he intends to thrust in some others to be suitors for it, not 
caring who have it, so O'Cahan have it not ; but it is hoped 
His Majesty will graciously respect the ancient inhabitant and 
possessor as he hath ever done heretofore ; since the O'Cahans 
have continued their possession in twenty-two lineal descents 



218 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

as he (the bishop) is informed, and it is the much safer 

for those that live in his country that it be settled with 

his liking. There is also scope enough for him, though he did 

maintain the dignity and port of a Baron, and to spare for 

many others the King^s civil subjects. Amongst these, hopes 

he will remember those poor gentlemen who had command here 

in time of service, and who now live here, though meanly and 

in some want. It will be a great encouragement for them to 

plant and settle here ; and when this country and the church 

land is freed from the Earl, he yet will have left as large 

country as any subject of His Majesty's dominions has, and 

more than is thought he can people in his time. 

But this, and whatever else shall be thought by their honour- 
able wisdoms to be done in settling this country, this worthy 
gentleman, who standeth here at the helm, will faithfully and 
sufficiently perform. He serves the King, and respects only 
the good of this kingdom, where he means to settle. — Dublin, 
1 July 1607. 

Pjp. 2. Add. Endd. 

(The signature cut off in binding.) 

July 2. 283. Sir Randall M'Donell to Salisbury. 
^•^•' ^^^^°g> Presents him a cast of falcons, as a simple token from a 

■ " ' * humble servant. Has written to Mr. Hadser, who, he hopes, 

will impart to him the particular of all his businesses at 
length, his only trust being in him, next to God and the 
King's Majesty. — Dunluce, 2 July 1607. 
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd. 

July 12. 284. Oliver Plunket to Father Robert Newgent. 
S.P., Ireland, Apprises him of an order by the capitular of their college 

^° ■ ' * that, at the end of the month, none should stay but a certain 

number ; how many or how few he knows not, but is cer- 
tain that 17 in number were warned to make ready. Of 
these Father Nugent, the Capuchin, hath provided for 
Malechias [ ], John Rath Melchior Brown, Patrick 

Plunket, Robert Geoghegan, Christopher Archpold. Lumbard, 
as he understands, goes for Rome, if his uncle will not place 
him elsewhere in these parts. What shall become of John 
Hangone he knows not. Stanley, as some say, goes for his 
country, together with M'Begg, priest. Some say that James 
Cusake goes to study at Doway, others say the contrary, but 
whether he goeth there or not, he, together with Comin 
Dohartey, and Michael Gerald, he thinks, entereth into the 
Jesuits. Wherefore all being provided for, himself excepted, 
he begs him, if possibly he can, to provide him of some place or 
other to apply to his studies. Urges him to speak to Father 
Smith in his behalf, that he may have a place in his coJlege. — 
Antwerp, 12 July 1607. 

P.S. — " Of these youths which are to depart, there are some 



lEEL AND— JAMES I. 219 



1607. 

which hath an English dictionary and other small books fit 
for his use ; if therefore his Reverence might procure as much 
money as would pay for them, he would greatly pleasure him. 
The English dictionary will cost 5s. and Go. Thomacius will 
cost 4s. ; as for authors for the class, hopes to get them where- 
soever he may be placed." 
P. 1. Signed. 

July. 6. 285. Sm Abthur Chichester to the Peivy Council. 
S,P., Ireland, Has been given to understand by the Lord Bishop of Derry 

vol. 222, 100. ^-^^^ -gis Majesty has been graciouslj^ pleased, at his suit, to 

promise SOI. a year land towards the erecting and maintaining 
of three free schools, one in the bishoprick of Derry, another 
in that of Rapho, and the third in Clogher, to be equally laid 
to each of them ; and that His Majesty caused a remem- 
brance thereof to be left with the Earl of Northampton. Is 
therefore induced, and at the bishop's earnest entreaty, to pray 
His Highness' warrant to pass so much for that purpose ; the 
land to be found in Ulster and the borders of the same. — 
Castle of Dubhn, 6 July 1607. 

P. 1. Add. Endd. : " For free schools to be erected in the 
province of Ulster." 

July 14. 286. Lords of Council to Lord Deputy and Council. 

Philad. p., Nothing has been more desired by them (the Lords) during 

^° ■ ' ^* ' the long controversy between their very good Lord the Earl 

of Kildare and Sir Robert Digby, than to hold themselves 
impartial, though their importunities have obtained at divers 
times several letters; yet they always apprized them (the 
Deputy and Council) that no other regard should be had of 
their letters than to secure indifferency. 

Nor is this letter, which they are moved to write, to any 
other purpose. They are informed that if the old lady 
Mabel, Countess Dowager of Kildare, should happen to die 
during the pendancy of this controversy, there might be some 
extraordinary course used for obtaining possession of the lands 
of the said lady by violence. 

And this is feared by Sir Robert Digby, because, he being a 
stranger to that country, such a sudden advantage on the 
part of the Earl might be greatly to his prejudice ; and there- 
fore, makes suit that such violence may be prevented in case 
of the lady's death, and until the suit be determined by law. 
Holding this to be agreeable to their former rule of indif- 
ferency, they request them (the Deputy and Council), if such 
occasion as before mentioned should require, instantly, upon 
the death of the said Countess, to sequestrate the lands now 
in her possession or leased by her, and the profits of the same, 
into the hands of proper trustees, who may give account of 
them, and may deliver them truly as afterwards by judgment 



220 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

of law to wliom they shall be found to appertain. — Whitehall 
14 July 1607. 

Signed: W. Knollys, T. Suffolke, T. Dorset, H. North- 
ampton, Gilb. Shrewsbury, L. Stanhope, Salisbury, E. Wor- 
cester. 

Pp. 1^. Add. Endd. 

July 16. 287. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester, Lord Deputy. 

^T*6/'^^22i "^^^ controversy long depending between the Baron of 

' ' Delvin and his mother on the one part, and the O'Ferralls of 

the other, being now ripe for settlement, by reason of the 
entire lands being in His Majesty's hands through the surrender 
made by the said baron and his mother, the King declares it 
to be his wish generally as regards the O'Ferralls, that they 
and some of the chief inhabitants shall repossess such por- 
tions of land as they held before the war, in freehold at the 
rents payable before the rebellion. And for the Lord Delvin 
and his mother, in consideration of their surrender, and of a 
former promise, escheated lands are to be found in Meath, 
West Meath, Cavau, or Longford, to the value of 60Z. a year; 
and for some recompense of their hopes by their late suit, he is 
to have lands of tlie value of 21^. yearly for ever in fee farm, 
which was the value of the O'Ferralls' lands passed to him in 
his book and now surrendered, and also *7l. yearly more of 
his former warrant unfilled, and an increase of 20?, yearly 
more, amounting in all to 48?. of lands ; and, if he will, he 
may have as part thereof any of the lands in O'Ferrall's 
Countr}^, which are not to be restored to Eoss and Bryan 
O'Ferrall and their name, but belonged to men slain in 
rebellion, paying the King, however, such rents as upon 
survey shall bethought meet. — Westminster, 16 July, in the 
fifth year of the reign. 
Pp.2. Endd. Add. 



vol. l,p. 211. 



July 16. 288. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

Phiiad. v., -^y^g gQ engaged with the business of Parliament and foreign 

affairs that he has been hitherto unable to answer his (Sir 
Arthur's) many letters. Will now proceed to answer some ; 
to others he will receive answers from the Lords of the 
Council. And first, touching the Earl of Tyrone. He (the 
King) is long aware, as well of the questions raised about his 
patent of lands made to him since his submission, as of his 
differences with some of his neighbours, over whom he 
claims superiority ; but now the difference between him 
and O'Cane having broken out into some heat before him 
(Sir Arthur) and the Council, he (the King), notwithstanding 
the inconveniences suggested by them (the Deputy and 
Council) as possible to arise among those loose people by the 
absence of their heads, is resolved upon their (Tyrone's and 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 221 



1607. 



O'Cane's) coming over, conceiving that they will more con- 
tentedly abide the sentence of their Sovereign than of his 
officers or ministers, how just soever they be. If Tyrone 
means to encroach upon other subjects of little less condition 
than himself, and to draw them to such a dependency on him 
as is inconsistent with the security of the State, the King 
cannot forget what the authority is which God has com- 
mitted to him. He (Chichester) is therefore to signify to 
Tyrone and O'Cane, that, as they themselves seemed to be 
willing to come to his (the King's) presence to make their 
cases known to him, the King is pleased they shall repair 
thither in the next term after the King's return from his 
progress, when he shall be settled in some standing house. 

In the meantime each is to be instructed in his own cause. 
And for delivery of his (Sir Arthur's) and the Council's 
opinions against that time, they are to send over the King's 
attorney, who, with the assistance of such of the King's 
servants as are experienced in the affairs of Ireland, as Sir 
Robert Gardiner, Sir Roger Wilbraham, will be sufficient to 
inform the King and his council, and thereby to guide their 
judgment. 

In the meantime the provisional order made by Sir Arthur 
is to be observed by Tyrone and O'Cane. Touching the Lord 
Delvin and the O'Ferralls, he (Sir Arthur) has already had 
the King's resolution in his letters. 

For the matter of the ordnance, he (the King) approves of 
his advice that the old and unserviceable armour should be 
sold, and that a survey be made of it as soon as possible. He 
will not send commissioners, for Sir Arthur can choose com- 
petent men for the purpose from amongst the Council, and as 
from amongst the martial profession. He also allows the 
extraordinary charge for the ordnance Sir Arthur requires. 

Assents to the Book for the Division of Monaghan, pre- 
sented to the Lords of the Council by Ware, the auditor, and 
authorises him to proceed therein with the advice of the 
Council. 

He (the King) has also been made acquainted with the 
petition of one Kelly in the behalf of the O'Moores and other 
septs of the Queen's County, to stay their remove intended by 
him, the Deputy ; to which he has received such answer from 
the King's council, that he and they shall perceive how little 
private men's suits prevail with him (the King) against the 
determinations of those whom he trusts with his estate there.^ 
By them (the Lords of the Council) he shall receive it more 
particularly. From him (the King) it was necessary he should 
have warrant (which thereby he gives him) to proceed in his 
resolution, and to grant unto Patrick Crosby in fee farm the 
lands of Tarbert in the county of Kerry, which he (the 

1 " This point to be enrolled in the Chancerie." In Sir Arthur Chichester's 
handwriting. 



222 IRELAND-^JAMES I. 

1607. 

Deputy) has appointed to him in recompense for his pains in 
that service, at the rent of U. per annum, and such other 
services as he (the Deputy) shall think fit to reserve. 

Directs that concordatums be quarterly sent to England. 

Touching his (the Deputy's) course with the Grahams, 
intended to be sent thither, he is to understand that they are 
not of the condition of the former, that is persons resting 
for their faults at the King's mercy, and so transplanted by 
authority, but are only persons of whom there is cause to 
doubt their quiet behaviour, yet whom there is no good ground 
to remove, but by way of impresting them as soldiers. He 
is therefore to strain the companies to receive them ; for their 
sending away cannot be avoided. His (Sir Arthur's) proposed 
journey into Munster will be to very good purpose, now that 
the province is destitute of a president. Among other fruits 
he may, by his presence there for a time, repair some errors 
committed by the president in matters of religion with a 
people that have been so long misled in a contrary supersti- 
tion. His zeal was more than was required in a governor, 
however allowable in a private man. He has already received 
such large directions in this matter that no further are needed. 
For the extraordinary charges of his journey, wherein he (Sir 
Arthur) has proposed some examples of excessive allowances 
taken on late occasions by some that have held his place, 
which had neither reasonable ground or warrant from thence, 
he will not encourage him to insist upon such precedents ; but 
in regard of his (the King's) good acceptance of his services, 
will allow him 61. by the day of current money of Ireland for 
the time of his travel thither and back again. This may 
suflS.ce, considering that during his abode in that province he 
may make use of such allowances as the establishment gives 
the president for the diet of himself and the Council there, 
which otherwise ceases until the place be filled. As to his 
(Sir Arthur's) desire for that place. His Majesty, as well for 
some other respects, as in regard to an opinion conceived of his 
recall, is so well satisfied of his services, and likewise of the 
place he holds, that he will either in that or some other way 
give him contentment ; but as for his recal it has never come 
into his mind to think of it. And as he (Sir Arthur) has 
craved allowance for some other like extraordinary journeys 
heretofore made by him and his council since his government, 
he grants him for all those journeys 5001. Irish money, to be 
paid, as well his journey to Munster, by concordatum. — West- 
minster, 16 July, in the 15th year of the reign. 

Pp. 3. Add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester : " Of the 
1 6th of July ] 606. From the King's Mtie tuchinge the Earl 
of Tyrone, O'Cahane, Mounster, Monahan, &c. To pass 
Terbert to Mr. Crosbie, &c. Received by the poaste barke 
the 28th of the same. 

" Allowance for my travelinge charges. His Ma*ies princely 
care to provide for me upon my revocation," &c. 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 223 



1607. 

Then, in bis Secretary's hand, " The two points in his letter 
touchiuge Monahan and Terbert are entered in the white book." 

The certificate of enrolment : 

" The. two branches contained in this Ire concernenge the 
Lellores [Lalors] and other septs in the Queen's countie, and for 
passenge the lands of Tarbart unto Patrick Crosby, as also 
the de vision of the county of Monaghan are enrolled, viz.: 
In rotulis Cane. Hibnie de anno R. R. Jacobi, Anglie, Franc 
et Hibfe quinto, et Scotie XL^o per me Jacobi Newman." 

July 17. 289. The King to Sir Aethur Chichester. 
Phiiad. p., jjg jg willing to asscnt to the petition of the town of Athenry 

' ' ' * for a charter of incorporation, as coming recommended by him 

(Sir Arthur), but the Earl of Clanricarde, Governor of Con- 
naught, having represented that, under colour of seeking the 
common good of the town some one or two private men intend 
a kind of monopoly for their private gain, he is not to proceed 
therein without apprizing the Earl and taking his advice therein, 
being a nobleman in whose sincerity he (the King) reposes. 

In his (the King's) letters of the 14th of this month, he has 
allowed the rate of the extraordinaries as reduced by him (Sir 
Arthur) for the office of ordnance, and will, according to his 
desire, have it inserted in the the next establishment. Mean- 
time the present letters will be a warrant for the treasurer to 
pay them. — Westminster, 17 July 1607. 
P. ^. Signed at head. Add. Endd. 

July 16. 290. Deputy Chichester to the Privy Council. 

y^'<2^2^^\' About six weeks since, having received intelligence from the 

' ' sea-coasts of Ulster, and especially of Antrim, that Angus 

M'Connell and Donnell Gorme, with some other confederates, 
had gotten together a number of men and long boats, and were 
up in arms in the Islands of Scotland, intending to make 
attempts upon those coasts, and especially that of Cantyre (of 
which Angus pretends to be lord), and also upon the opposite 
• parts of this realm, he had directed Captain St. John with the 
King's ship, the " Lion's Whelp," then employed on the coasts 
of Munster by the orders of the Admiral against pirates whom 
he had chased thither out of England, to roam about thither 
with as much expedition as he could, and then to ply up and 
down the channel and from the river of Strangford to that of 
Loghfoile, both to secure these parts and so to amuse the rebels 
that perhaps they would lie still. Captain St. John, within 
these three or four days, is arrived here with his ship, accom- 
panied by a barque which he received in Baltymoore from Sir 
Ralph Bingley ; both are to be employed as formerly purposed ; 
the barque as fitter to go in and out among those islands than 
His Majesty's ship, which may ply elsewhere according to the 
captain's discretion. They have imprested to the captain 200 
marks to victual them forth, and given him six barrels of 
powder, with match and lead ; and he (Chichester) has written 



224 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

to the Earl of Argile to furnish liim with men for the barqu^ 
(if there be anything of such importance to do), and to victua 
her at his discretion. Prays him to allow of his good inten 
tion therein, and to let this ship or some other lie contiimalb 
upon these coasts, as has been accustomed ; for through thi 
want of such a one, they are sometimes constrained to hire an( 
man out such sorry vessels as they can get, or else to descend t( 
such little acts and stratagems to circumvent such malefactors 
as of late has been done at Youghall. There, by the setting on o 
Sir Richard JBirle and Mr. Jebson, the vice admiral, one Hampton 
of Bristow, manning a small barque that rode in that harbou 
with 80 men close couched under the hatches, surprised, unde: 
a cloak of friendship, Captain Coward, a Bristow man and i 
pirate, as they suspected ; and took him with the loss of hi; 
lieutenant and two or three of his men hurt, but none at al 
of Hampton's side. He was shipped in a Flemish vessel o 
60 tons furnished for his purpose with ordnance and victuals 
Upon the first news that she was taken he (Chichester) gav( 
order that the ordnance which was reported to be much anc 
very good should be delivered over to Sir Oliver St. John 
Master of the Ordnance here, who hath instructions an( 
warrant dormant from the Lord Admiral to take such casual 
ties into his hands. The barque, because she was said to b( 
well-shaped and swift of sail, he ordered to be safely kept foj 
His Majesty's service upon the coast (except he had othe] 
direction to the contrary), and the Vice-Admiral to accept o 
some reasonable consideration for her. She lies at Yoghal 
unrigged and of no use. Coward and his people are all there 
and in other places in safe prison ; and he has given order t( 
the Chief Baron, who is now in circuit that way, to see am 
examine how far they may be dealt with in this kingdom, am 
if he cannot, then to certify so much, or what else he thinki 
fit to be done with them. Thinks the end of it must be t( 
transport over Coward and some other of the chiefest of then 
into England, and the rest to be dismissed. Sir Raphe Bingle^ 
has long hovered off and on this coast ; and within these foui 
days past learns by Captain St. John that he attacked a fly 
boat of his that lay unrigged at Baltimore, and himsel 
(Bingley) came thither to him to confer about that arrest, an( 
there delivered him a pinnace which, a little before, by virtue 
of the late Lord President's warrant, he had taken from on 
Cornelius Johnson, a Dutchman and supposed to be a pirate 
also a barque for the use of the Lord Admiral, which he ha( 
taken in the Bay of Biscay from one he supposed had no 
come honestly by her. She is left with Captain St. Johns t( 
be delivered to the Lord Admiral to dispose of, and Sir Raph 
professes to be ready to make satisfaction for the trespass 
if any be done. This is that barque which they now emplo; 
to attend the King's ship. Since these accidents has heard fron 
Angus M'Connell, who has some purpose to come over i 
person ; and though any one of these islanders would come t 



IRELAND — JAMES I. 225 



1607. 

him upon the least word from him, yet this man seems to be 
inclined to come over without any such capitulation. If he 
come in that manner (as otherwise he shall not) he means to 
detain him until he hears Salisbury's further pleasure concern- 
ing him. Many of the inhabitants likewise of that side have 
made suit to come over into the county of Antrim with their 
goods and cattle to inhabit there, and they offer to be guides 
back again if they (the State) should make any expeditions 
against the Islanders. All this proceeds from a conceit they 
have, that some soldiery may be sent against them from 
hence, and like to come upon them and spoil them unawares. 
They do not here certainly know in what disgrace or terms 
of disloyalty these islanders stand with His Majesty, but when- 
soever he^ shall be pleased to reduce them to obedience, it is 
to be done from their northern parts more effectually than 
from any other. — Dubhn Castle, 16 July 1607. 

Signed. 

Since the writing of this letter news is sent him out of 
Tirconnell that Caphare Oge O'Donnell, with 30 men in com- 
pany, well appointed after their fashion, is gone to the Isle of 
of Ilia [Islay], among the rebels. His return with some 
forces against the country there is feared, for he is a malcon- 
tent, and unsatisfied with the Earl of Tirconnell, who with- 
holds most of his land from him, against right, as he affirms ; 
and that was the cause of his and Neale M'Swyne's last stirs 
in Tirconnell. Has given directions by Captain St. John to 
bring him again if possibly he may come by him. And 
hereof has written to the Earl of Argile. 

Pp. 5. Add. Endd, : " Concerning pirates upon the 
coast of Ireland, and the gathering together of rebels in the 
north of Ireland and the Isles of Scotland." 

July 17. [The Loeds to Sir Arthur Chichester.] 

S.P., Ireland 291. Have considered the petition exhibited to the King by 
""^^ Alexander King and Richard Sutton, two of His Highness's 

Auditors of the Exchequer in England, referred to them by 
His Majesty, praying reward for their service, and recommend 
that they shall have a grant to them and to their heirs in fee 
farm of lands, &c. in Ireland of the clear yearly value of 50?. 
English. And therefore require him to cause letters to be 
made in form accordingly to pass His Highness's signature. — 
Whitehall, l7th July 1607. 

Signed : T. Dorset, H. Northampton, Salisbury. 
P, \, Endd. Slightly mutilated. 

July 17. 292. Thomas Earl of Ormonde to Salisbury. 
S.P., Ireland, Reminds him of His Majesty's promise for a pardon of 

' ' alienation, made twelve months ago, for lands holden by him 

in capite for the security of his son-in-law, the Lord Viscount 
2. P 



226 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



1607. 



July 18. 
B.P., Ireland, 
vol. 222, 103. 



July 18. 
S.l\, Ireland. 



July 18. 

Philad. P., 

vol. l,p. 209. 



July 19. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 222, 104. 



Butler, and of the Deputy's certificate sent in Michaelmas term. 
Requests him to signify by the bearer, John Staughton, his 
servant. His Majesty's pleasure to the Deputy for the passing 
of the same. Sends him a Gosshawk, of the small store had 
this year. — Carrick, 17 July 1607. 
P. 1. Signed. Endd. 

293. Viscount Butler to Salisbury. 

Joins in the above request, and thanks for him all his favours. 
—Carrick, July 18 1607. 
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd. 

294. The King to the Treasurer of Ireland. 

Gives directions for the allowance of an increase of charge . 
for the better government of the Castle of Dublin, amounting 
to [blanlc], and to the Deputy for his charge of journeys 
extraordinary, going into the north and other parts, the sum 
of 500?. of money of Ireland, and for his charges for a journey 
now intended into Munster, 6Z. by the day of like money, 
and for payment of the arrears of the Deputy of the Office 
of Ordnance, according to the Lord Deputy's warrants. 

P. 1. Draft. Endd,.: "18 July 1607. To the Trear. of 
Ireland." 

295. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

Warrant for a grant of lands to the value of 5Ql. sterling, 
in fee farm, to Alexander King and Richard Sutton, two of 
the auditors of the Exchequer in England. — Westminster, 
18 July, in the fifth year of the reign. 

P. ^. Add. Endd. 

296. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. 

" My Lord, — A. B. [the Lord of Hothe] is arrived, with 
whom I have had sundry discourses. I find him so wavering 
and uncertain that I am enforced to hold him to particulars as 
well for the persons acquainted with the plott 42/32/38/50, 
and the time when it shall be put in execution, as the manner 
how the same shall be discovered, his honour preserved, and 
the kingdom and state kept from danger. I perceive my 
strict questioning with him in these points makes him to 
think of some things of which he never dreamed before. I 
pray God all be sound that he hath delivered, and that he be 
not now composing of the ])oison which he hath said there 
and here was drunk and digested long since, and that he 
bring not in the end dishonour to himself and shame to 
his friends. I am not yet prepared for an advertisement in 
this matter; he prays that C. D. [Lord of Delvin], may be 
despatched thence to his content in some measure. He is 
greatly disabled to strengthen his advertisements by reason he 
finds not the priests 608 here, which he expected a forerunner 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 227 



1607. 

20/6/50/24/16/46/2J/32/38/47/17/36/12/18/ [to Father 
Florence], who, as he saith, is principally trusted by the King of 
Spain, 205, for contriving and bringing the business to the 
wished end. All that he hath said of substance hitherto is that 
he finds them all firm in their resolution, which he under- 
stands by 508 [Earl of Tyi-connell], for with others he hath not 
as yet dealt to any purpose. I like not his look and gesture 
when he talks with me of this business, which, together with 
his words, I set down in writing immediately upon his de- 
parture from me. I wish I had the assistance and company 
of a third person when I speak with him, for I like not the 
business, especially to deal with him alone therein, for the end 
may be so full of hazard as that the work will require more 
labour. I recommend this to your Lordship's consideration, 
and do humbly pray from time to time to be instructed and 
directed by your letters for my carriage therein, and if your 
Lordships think it meet, I will try whether he will consent 
that I shall impart it to one of this council, and himself to 
name the party ; I will intermix no other matters in my letters 
with these now nor hereafter. I will be as watchful as I may, 
and I wish I may carry the business to your good liking, and 
so I rest humbly."— Dublin Castle, 19 July 1607. 

Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : " L. Deputy. Your Lordships in 
all true and faithful service, Ai'thur Chichester." 

July 22. 297. The Repoet of D. M., son to R. M., of C. 

^ T'22^^105' Went out of Ireland into the Low Countries to recover 

"' ' certain debts owing to him by sundry gentlemen of Munster, 

that now serve under the Archduke ; he shipped at Dover in 
septennight last past. During the time of his being thence he 
made the following observations. He landed at Calais and went 
to Brussels, at which time the Irish regiment was in the leagres 
at the siege of Rhinehale, where he fell in acquaintance with 
Connoghor M'Artire [M' Arthur], alias Cornelius O'Desmond 
and William Ferir, two Franciscan friars, banished out of Ire- 
land by Sir Henry Brouncker. They repaired by ordeis of 
Father Florence, alias Flahie [O'Mulconnor], provincial for Ire- 
land, to Bruxells, to receive his instructions for Ireland. After 
they had received their instructions Florence gave the friars 71., 
in gold, which this examinant received for them, because by . 
their order they may not handle money. Doctor Chamberlayn, 
by command of Henry O'Neale, Tiron's son, also gave them 6?., 
which this examinant likewise received, and by their direc- 
tion he delivered all the money to a peasant ihey had enter- 
tained to attend them. Found by his observations that their 
employments were to withdraw the hands of the gentlemen 
of Munster from the King's obedience, and to bring with 
them an exact report what Lords and gentlemen they might 
count upon, if any aid should be sent thither from the Pope 
or the King of Spain for the advancement of the Catholic 

p 2 



228 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

cause. He brought them upon their way from Brussels unto 
Tournay, and then departed from them. Within four weeks, 
as they were enjoined, they made their return, being the last 
of June last past, but he could not learn of them what they 
had done. 

Among the captains in the Irish regiment he evermore 
heard it spoken that they hoped 'ere it were long to be in 
Ireland. 

One Shane O'Hey, a man from Mounster, who came lately 
out of Spain, told him that he saw in the [ ] haven 

four Franciscan friars of Ireland, * * * shipped for Ulster, 
and commanded thither by the provincial Florence aforenamed 
on the same employment as the two former friars. 

Donoghe Moyle M'Cartie, cousin germain to M'Cartie 
Reoghe, now living, and he Florence, now in prison, told him 
that two other Franciscan friars, the one called Thomas 
M'Caughe, of the county of Limerike, and the other Thomas 
FitzEdmonds, of the county of Kerry, were in October last 
commanded hy the provincial Florence to go into Munster, 
whose employments were as the others aforenamed. 

M'Swine, the last of June, began his journey in post from 
Bruxells to Spain, he professeth never to return again until 
the King of Spain send an army into Ireland. It is expected 
by all the iU affected in the Irish regiment that M'Swine had 
very great aid in the Spanish Court by William Meagh, the 
late Recorder of Corke, who is now in Spain, much esteemed 
in the Spanish Court, and has a pension. 

Connoghor M'Artire, alias Connoghe O'Desmond, the friar 
aforenamed, told him that he saw a letter written by the 
Pope that now is unto Henry O'Neale, Tirone's son, charging 
him upon his blessing not to marry any woman in the Low 
Countries nor in any other place, but to expect a fortune 
wherein he should be shortly employed, which Connoghor 
told him was for Ireland. 

Observed that Henry O'Neale and Sir Christopher St. Law- 
rence were very familiar and inward friends, and were often- 
times bedfellows, and when St. Lawrence came last for Eng- 
land, O'Neale brought hira seven miles upon journey. 

Says that in Lisle, in Flanders, there resides one Edmund 
Nugent, a Capuchin, chief provincial of all the Capuchius in 
Flanders of all nations, unto whom the two Franciscan friars 
aforenamed that were employed for Munster resorted before 
their departure, and this examinant being in their company, he 
asked the friars what he was ; they told him he was a gentle- 
man's son of Kinsale, and then Nugent said unto him, " Know 
you Florence M'Cartie." He said " Yea," " What hope have 
you," said he, " of his liberty ?" He replied, "None !" " Alas," 
said he, " why doth he not make an escape ? " " That were 
very hard for hira to do," said this examinant. "What!" 
said he, " is he not acquainted with Sir Christopher St. Law- 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 229 



1607. 



rence ?" He answered, " No." Wherewith Nugent held his peace 
and fell to other matters. But this examinant is of opinion that 
Sir Christopher hath been dealt withal by all the friars and 
priests of Irela,nd that are in those parts concerning Florence. 
Says that Florence is greatly esteemed by the Irish there, 
and his liberty is daily wished, being one upon whom they 
do much rely, but yet he found that the northern men do not 
much desire his liberty, and especially O'Neale's son, fearing 
that he would be more esteemed of than himself, if once he 
were abroad. 

The names of the Irish captains that have companies in the 

Archduke's army. 

Henry O'Neale, colonel of the regiment. 

Captain Fitsgerallt, a kinsman to an Earl of Kildare ; he 

is serjeant-major. 
Captain Garhard, a gentleman of the Pale. 
Captain Stanihurst, a Dublin man, and brother to Richard 

Stanihurst, the great physician. 
Captain Delahide, son to Lawrence Delahide, of Moyglare, 

in the county of Kildare. 
Captain Cornelius O'Drischal, son to Sir Finin O'Drischal, 

of Baltimore, in Munster. 
Captain Preston, son to the Viscount Gormanston. 
Captain Teg (sic) M'Cartie, son to Donell M'Cartie and 

cousin-germain to Cormack M'Desmond. 
Captain William Barret, lord of Barret's country in 

Munster. 
Captain Owen O'Neale, son to Art M'Baron, and nephew 

to Tirone. 
Captain Art O'Neale, brother to Owen aforenamed. 
Captain Fitzgarrett, of the county of Kildare. 
Captain Eustace, of Castel Mountain [MartinJ.l j , -, 
Captain Wellshe, a Pale man. y v^ ^/i 

Captain Daniell, a Waterford man. J casHiered. 

Says that Father Florence was recommended at his death 
by O'Donnell that died in Spain, to the King, who ever since 
hath had him in such credit as that all Irish matters are 
managed by him, and that no man can get a pension but by 
his recommendation. He thinketh that in the Irish regiment 
there is above 400 of them that have pensions over and 
besides their ordinary wages, and that now the regiment is 
1,400 strong, whereof there is of Munster men about 900. 

There is with Tirone's son one called Doctor Chamber- 
lain, a divine ; he is a man of great wit, and Henry O'Neale 
is guided by him ; his right name is Edward Arthur, a Con- 
naght man. 

There came lately out of Spain one called Mathew Oge, 
a Connaght man ; he was secretary to O'Donnell ; he hath 



230 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

now a good pension from the King and accompanied M'Guire 
to the Court of Spain ; he is a dangerous man and of a 
stirring wit. 

There is also one called Doctor M'Mahone, a divine ; he is 
still with Tirone's son ; he is an Ulster] man, and greatly- 
esteemed of for his wisdom. 

The chief chaplain to the Irish regiment is called Father 
Hughe M'Angell, a Franciscan friar. 

The president of all the Irish Colleges in Brabant and Flan- 
ders is one called Father Cusacke ; his father was Sir Thomas 
Cusacke, who hath been Lord Justice of Ireland ; the Irish 
colleges are five, at Douay, Toumay, Lisle, Antwerpe, and 
one other at Lovayne. 

Pp. 7. Endd. : " 1607. Irish Intelligences." 

July 21, 298. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

vol^'^P 215. 'Meters to him the petition of Thomas M'Donogh O'Morg- 

' ' ' ' howe, and Johan, his wife, and Dermott M'Carty, her son 

by a former husband, for a pardon for having been in re- 
bellion in the time of the late Queen, and having since lived 
in Spain without his (the King's) license, being well pleased 
that they may receive it, if he (Sir Arthur) knows nothing 
to prevent it. — "Westminster, 21 July 1607. 
P. ^. Signed. Add. JEndd. 

July 21. 299. Lords of Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

PhUad. p., 2is Majesty approves of his (Sir Arthur's) projected 

^'^ ■ ' ' ^' ' journey into Munster upon the decease of the late President. 

They request him to take notice how matters have been 
managed of late in that government, and to settle such things 
as may, through the late President's death, be found loose or not 
sufficiently established. Leaving most things to his discretion, 
they particularly advise him to look into the late proceedings 
in point of religion, because on the one hand there has been 
great complaint of extreme rigour, and on the other, justifi- 
cation offered of such moderate proceedings. Believes he 
will show as well a true religious desire and endeavour for 
reformation, as also a sound discretion in considering what 
can possibly be effected, and what means can be attempted 
for the present. 

They refer to their late letter to the President for the 
observing such moderatira as might neither let the people 
loosely run on [in] their blind superstition without restraint, 
or force them to desperate courses by too much rigour, but 
gain them by instruction and persuasion, as much as by 
chastisement. When he comes to their province, he will be 
better able to compare the directions they gave with the pro- 
ceedings, and to take the most convenient remedies for 
general reform, and redressing any particular grievances. 



IRELAND— JAMES I. ' 281 



1607. 

Before concluding, they direct him to take special care for 
preserving the good affection of the towns, the inhabitants 
whereof are the chief complainants of rigour used, by ex- 
treme fines and imprisonment, yet they are those whose 
conformity must be especially endeavoured, because the 
country round look upon them for example in every kind, 
and their loyalty which continued steadfast, in the time of 
the rebellion, assisted by the Spanish forces, make them fit 
to be the better cherished.— Whitehall, 21 July 1607. 

Signed: J. T. Dorset, Notingham, T. EUesmere, Cane, 
J. E. Worcester, H. Northampton, Gilb. Shrewsbury, Salis- 
bury, W. Knollys. 

Pp. 2. Add. Endd. 

July 22. 300. Lords of Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

^1^3^**' ^87 Refers to him the petition of Thomas M'Donogh, of Mus- 

' '^' ' kerry, in the county of Cork, in behalf of himself and his 

wife, who have been these six years in Spain, and now desire 

to return, but are in danger of the law for the late rebellion. 

They pray His Majesty's pardon. 

Signed : T. Suffolk, J. T. Dorset, Salisbury, H. Northampton, 
L. Stanhope, E. Wotton, Jul. Ceesar. 
P. ^. Add. Endd. 



vol. 3, p. 187. 



July 22. 301. Lords of the Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

J^Q^^l* ^fl7 Concur with his view, contained in his letter of the 19th of 

July to the secretary, as to the party whose name passes under 
the cypher of A. B. ; and believe that he (A. B.) rather pre- 
pared the propositions he speaks of, than that the persons he 
names did originally propound them to him, though so strongly 
infected as he found them, and whose loyalty is more dependent 
on fear than duty. Have observed here the same uncertainty 
in his words and gestures as he (Sir Arthur) observed. 

Notwithstanding that he made some show of good inten- 
tions in this discovery at his return from Brussels, they 
know he came discontented out of Ireland, and departed worse 
from hence because he had not here the suit he stood for. 
Besides, his fortune then was worse than it is now, thouo-h it 
be beneath his rank. As for all his discourse, a discoverv of 
ships building at Dunkirk to transport the Irish regiment, 
with the like forces to second them from Spain, with other 
circumstances of the like nature ; — when the state of those 
princes is considered at this time, and what it is to send an 
army at a call, together with the poverty of the place they are 
to be sent to (although the discourses of the priests, the brags 
of the Irish at home and abroad of the good entertainment 
from the Spaniards, with the assurances of the Irish both of 
town and country, now especially weary of English govern- 



232 IRELAND^ JAMES I. 

1607. 

ment for matters of religion, are enough to prove Ul-in- 
tention on all sides) ; — yet all these things are not worthy 
to draw on the King to any sudden action. Because, first, 
it might alarm the Irish, especially those he has tampered 
with, and force them into rebellion ; and what is more, 
it might confirm some other princes in the hope they now 
do not so much build upon as to venture any great matter 
on their fair promises ; his (Sir Arthur's) own experience 
having taught him how long the King of Spain dallied 
before sending an army to support them, spending many 
years without doing more than give them a few crowns. 
Wish besides that he (Sir Arthur) had first rectified a little 
the strong discontent of the towns and others (in Munster 
especially) now boiling in their hearts by reason of the Presi- 
dent's ovei'-sudden courses. Their loyalty would then be con- 
firmed, and the less would be their jealousy if there were 
occasion to lay hold of any persons of mark ; for it is always 
their (the Council's) good rule of State not to make all afraid 
at once. Their present advice is first to win him (A, B.) 
so far as to let some other of the Council be privy to his over- 
ture, to whom his resort may not be suspicious. Or if this 
cannot be, then to place some man of wit and value behind 
some cloth that he may hear what he says. And when he (Sir 
Arthur) hath sucked out of him as much as he can, then, fi-om 
the Secretary's experience of the man, he is of opinion he may 
be easily induced to repair hither towards Michaelmas to give 
an account of his 3'ear's services. And if this could be, or that 
Tyrone and O'Cane should likewise come over, as they have 
desired, it might be even of greater advantage, whatsoever his 
advertisement may prove. For which purpose, if any other 
principal man whom his Lordship (Sir Arthur) suspects should 
be desirous to come over, he would do well to further such 
intentions. 

In these or other courses they assure him that the King, 
their master, is none of those that judge those servants whose 
good affections he has experience of by the success of theii 
counsels.— Whitehall, 28 July 1607. 

Signed: H. Northampton, T. Suffolk, J. E. Worcester^ 
Salisbury, L. Stanhope. 

At foot is the following : — 

" Because you may see that there is a tampering among 
these priests and fugitives, I have sent you an abstract of an 
intelligence, the deliverer whereof to me will repaire unto you, 
The like whereof I doubt not but we shall dayly hear, thougli 
happely all from one grounde. 

" He is one of Corck. We have used the noble man whicl 
had the suite against O'Farrall so well as he can take noc 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 233 



1607. 

suspicion by any of our proceedings. He is now dispatched 
towards you. — Salisbury." 
Pp. 2|. Add. Endd. 

July 24. 302. Lord Jo. de Couecy to Salisbury. 

vol^22?^^^i06 states that Florence M'Cartie (now in restraint in England) 

' ' " has laid claim to his castle of the Old Head of Kinsale and 

manor of Ring Roane, and had devised the same to one Bellew. 

Advertises him that his claim to the lordship and seignory 
of Courcies, and restoration of the castle of the Old Head of 
Kinsale rests upon inquisition made upon suit to Her late 
Majesty ; and, being established in the same by order of the 
late lord-lieutenant and the Lord Clapton, then lord president 
of this province, begs he may not be removed from their 
possession until after fair trial at law. — Cork, 24 July 1607. 

P. 1. Signed. Add. JEiidd. 



July 26. 303. Constableship of Carrickfergus. 
S.P., Ireland Grant to George Wood of the reversion of the constableship 

of the palace of Cnockfergus, in the province of Ulster, with 
perquisites, &c., as ample as enjoyed by John Dalwaie, with all 
lands, &c., for the term of [blank in copy]. 

Mem. 26 July 1607. A letter is to be drawn ready for His 
Majesty's signature to this effect. 
Pp. 1^. Signed: Rog"^. Wilbraham. 

July 26. 304. Grant to James Hamilton. 

S.P., Ireland Grant to James Hamilton, Esq., for the better settling and 

encouraging of the new colonies of English and Scotch which 
do daily endeavour to make civil plantation within the coun- 
ties of Downe and Antryme, of several charters for markets 
and fairs, and for incorporations of government, to the towns 
of Colrane, Belfast, and Bangor, within the province of Ulster, 
with renewal and enlargement of charter of the ancient 
corporation of the town of Cnockfergus. 

Mem. to the same effect as the foregoing. 

P. |. 

July 31 . 305. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. 
PhUad. p., j^Qj. ^jjg more regular payment of the fee of 10s. per diem to 

^ * ' ^' * Sir Robert Newcomen, as purveyor general of victuals to the 

forces, which since his last coming to England about the 
King's special service, has not been so regularly paid as before. 
— Manor of Fameham, 31 July, in the 5th year of the reign. 
P. ^. Add. Endd. 

July 31. 306. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

Phiiad. P., gy statute of Edward IV. all foreign vessels coming to 

^° ' ' ^' ' Ireland a-fishing of the burden of twelve tons, having a drover 

or boat, were to pay to the crown 13s. 4cZ., and all smaller 

vessels, as skarfes or boats under that burden, 2s. j and an 



234 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



1607. 



office for prevention of such abuses was then erected, and con- 
tinued till the nineteenth year of Queen Elizabeth, at which 
time one Thomas Hilling was chosen to execute the office, 
having allowance, before that due to others, of 2d., for seeing 
that every barrel of fish was merchantable and carefully 
packed, and 2d. for sealing same. But since the death of 
Hilling, and by reason of the wars in Ireland, not only has the 
King lost the customs, but abuses in fishing are daily com- 
mitted. In reformation whereof, and in part for the recom- 
pense of Matthew Collins, who is as yet unsatisfied for 500?. 
lent towards the provisioning of the late army in Ireland, he 
is to have a lease for 21 years for searching and sealing, and 
for collecting the King's custom, as enjoyed by said Thomas 
Hilling, and under such rent and conditions as the Deputy 
shall think meet. — Manor of Farnham, 31 July 1607. 
Pp. 1^. Add. Endd. Enrolled. 



July 31. 

Philad. P., 
Tol. 3, p. 191. 



Aug. 1. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 222, 108. 



307. Lords of the Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. 
His Lordship having received directions from His Majesty 

for the coming over of the Earl of Tyrone and O'Cane, in the 
beginning of Michaelmas term next, for the settlement of the 
difference depending between them, and as it appears by the 
petition of Shane M'Brien and others that they find themselves 
aggrieved that their lands in Tyrone are not so well settled to 
them as of right they ought to be, he is to give Shane M'Brien 
and the rest notice that it is His Majesty's pleasure that they 
also should come over at the same time as that appointed for 
the Earl of Tyrone and O'Cane, that their difference may be 
also determined. — Whitehall, 31 July 1607. 

Signed : T. Ellesmere, Cane, J. T. Dorset, Gilb. Shrewsbury, 
J. E. Worcester, H. Northampton, L. Stanhope, Jul. Caesar, 
T. Suffolk, Salisbury. 

P. |. Add. Endd. 

308. Sir Thos. Ridgeway to Salisbury. 

Sends him a cast of goshawks and a couple of Irish grey- 
hounds, or wolf dogs. — Treasury, near Dublin, 1 August 
1607. 

P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd. 



Aug. 1. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 222, 107. 



Aug. 2. 
S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 222, 109. 



309. Dr. Thomas Singleton to the Earl of Thomond. 
Informs him that it would be useless to keep his sons 

longer at college, as their desires were set on home and other 
things. — Brasenose College, 1 Aug. 1607. 
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd. 

310. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. 
Represent that the storehouses, not being in through repair 

cannot contain any greater proportion of munition and armi 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 235 



1607. 

in them, and desire that the wai-rant for sending niore^ may 

iDe staid.— Dublin, 2 Aug. 3607. 

Signed : Arthur Chichester, Tho. Dublin, Cane, Th. Ridge- 
way, 01. St. John, Jeff. Fenton, Ry. Cooke. 

P. 1. Add. Endd. 

Aug. 3. 311. Archbishop of Dublin to Salisbury. 
S.P., Ireland, Sends in a general letter an account of his late employment 

^" ■" ' ■ by the Deputy and Council to visit the four dioceses of 

Chashell^(sic), Emely, Lysmore, and Waterforde. Sends a copy 
of his proceedmgs, and of general letter. Delivers these things 
as he found them. Reports the abuses discovered which require 
reformation. Entreats for means to be prescribed for the 
establishment of God's service in those parts, which have 
scarcely known whether there be a God. It is more con- 
venient to proceed, the Archbishop himself being there, in 
whose power it lies to revoke those leases of church livings 
which have been passed by his procurement and confirmed by 
himself to the use of his children and allies, which it is meet 
should be reserved for sufficient incumbents, or to call all 
those leases in question for the behoof of honest churchmen 
to succeed in those livings. The Archbishop himself hath 
had the keeping of the seal belonging to the Dean and 
Chapter in his own custody. — St. Sepulchers, 3 Aug. 1607. 
F. 1. Signed. Add. Endd. 

Aug. 4. 312. Archbishop of Dublin to Privy Council. 
S.P., Ireland, T\As vacation, making a visitation of the province of 

^° * '' ■ Dublin, was enjoined by special commission of the Deputy 

and Council to visit the four dioceses of Cashel, Emely, 
Lysmore, and Waterford, with the Bishops of Kildare, Femes, 
and some others. The reason of this employment proceeded 
from a constant report wherewith this table hath been for a long 
time possessed, tha.t many and very foul disorders and abuses 
are committed by that Archbishop in the government of those 
dioceses. Relates the manner of proceeding. Summoned the 
clergy to appear in the most eminent places. Upon view and 
examination of the several incumbents, to learn first, whether 
they were ordered (yea or no ?), and how they were severally 
qualified to hold their livings ; secondly, tlie better to under- 
stand the state of those dioceses, made choice of six persons in 
every diocese out of the number which appeared, of the most 
ancient clergymen and dearest to the Archbishop himself, to 
whom were propounded certain interrogatories to be answered 
by them upon their oaths, the true copy whereof is sent here- 
with. They have discovered such abuses and enormities 
through the Archbishop's misjudgment (especially in those 
two dioceses of Cashel and Emely) as he never could have be- 
lieved upon the report of others ; and he is indeed much grieved 
that a man of his profession, so much graced by her late 



236 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

Majesty and so highly advanced in the church as to have thi 
charge of four several bishoprics, should so far neglect hi 
pastoral charge, or rather quite pervert it, against a goo( 
conscience and without regard of his own reputation, as maj 
appear by the examinations taken. As the Archbishop 1 
now attending Salisbury, thought it a duty, upon his returi 
(the rest of his fellow commissioners being dispersed int< 
their dioceses), to yield him an account. Is sorry to sei 
such abuses, which are of themselves a sufficient motive t( 
induce the people in those two dioceses of Cashel and Emel^ 
(containing 40 miles in length, as he is credibly informed) t< 
conceive and think that amongst them (the Protestants) ther* 
is no religion. Has many times heretofore, in private 
seriously admonished the Archbishop. For the presen 
redress of these enormities they, the commissioners in thosi 
two dioceses of Cashel and Emely, deprived all such person; 
whom either they found apparently tainted with simony oi 
altogether insufficient, and boys unlawfully preferred t( 
vicarages which require a personal attendance, or wher( 
they found the living leased or the fruits taken by a mer 
lay person, and have sequestered their fruits to be reservec 
for the next incumbents. And in the diocese of Lysmore 
finding six or seven English ministers and preachers amongsi 
the undertakers not provided for nor preferred to any living 
they have, by way of sequestration, committed unto then 
a custodiam of the fruits of such livings, where the formei 
defects, abuses, or vacancy have appeared. Suggests that th( 
King should send directions to the Lord Deputy to presen 
meet persons to all the livings that are of any worth in thes( 
two dioceses, in regard of the Archbishop's participation ii 
simony and leasing over of the livings to his sons and allie 
to the havoc of the church. — Sepulchers, Dublin, 4 Aug 
1607. 
Pp. 3. Signed. Add. Endd. Encloses, 

S.P., Ireland, 313, InteTTogatoTies 'propounded hy His Majesty's Gommis 
vol. 222, 111 I. sioners to certain Inquisitors in the Dioceses of Cashel 

and Emeleye. 

1. In what state are the churches of both the dioceses o^ 
Chashell and Emeleye, both in the bodies and chcmcels, am 
upon whom the charge of repairing of them doth rest f 

2. Item of what valuation are the several livings in thos 
two dioceses Chashell and Emeley, whether they be taxed o 
untaxed, and what number there is of them ? 

3. How many are united, and how many leased, by who% 
when, and to whose use ? 

4. How many incwmhents reside upon their several bene 
fices and enjoy the whole fruits of them, and who besides ih 
incumbents selves receive the profits of any benefices, or an 
part of them ? 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



237 



1607. 



5. Item. Whether the several incumbents that are entituled 
to benefices within these dioceses be ordered according to His 
Majesty's laws ecclesiastical, when and by whom ? 

6. Item. What schoolmasters be authorised vn the two 
dioceses of Ghashell and Emeley to teach public schools, and 
whether do the said schoolmasters come to the church, yea or 
no ? 

Copia vera, 

Tho. Dublin, Cane. 

P. 1. Endd. : " Copy of Interrogatories ministered to the 
Inquisitors, and a breviate of their answers." 



S.P., Ireland, 314, 
vol. 222, 111 n. 



Duplicate of preceding, 
Signed. 



Aug. 4. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 222, 111 III. 



315. 



A Note ^ of several Abuses in the Dioceses of Cashell, 
Emeley, Lysmore, and Waterford discovered as well 
by examination of incumbents as also by the detection 
of certain inquisitors upon their oaths returned to in- 
terrogatories ministered unto them. 

'1. Daniel Hurley, a civilian, a 
feoffee of trust to the use 



In the two dioceses of 
Chashell and Emeley these 
were inquisitors all depend- 
ing upon the Archbishop, 
well acquainted with his 
dealings, and of secret trust 
with him ; these are there 
names - - _ 



8. 



5. 
6. 



of the Archbishop and his 

children.^ 
Johannes EffyTi,CanceUarius 

Cashelensis. 
Do. Hogan, Archdiaconus 

Cashelensis. 
Theodoret, Archdeacon of 

Emeley. 
Donell M'Teg ; and 
Kichard Daniell, Archi- 

diaconus Lysmorensis et 

Registrarius Archiepi. 



There are not above six chui'ches in repair in these two 
dioceses. The cathedral church of Cashel is in decay ; the 
cathedral church of Emeley quite ruined. 

The yearly profits belonging to the cathedral church of 
Cashel are leased by the Archbishop. 

The college of vicars chorals at Cashel, which by the original 
foundation should contain eight vicars chorals, an organist, and 
a sexton, to attend the daily service in the cathedral church, 
with allowance of 8Z. per annum to each of them, is now by 
this Archbishop reduced to the number of two poor vicars. 



* In the hand of the Archbishop of Dublin. 

2 All the Magrathes mentioned in this book are the Archbishop's children, or 



were allies. 



238 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

and the whole living pertaining to the said college is leased 
by this Archbishop to Barnebey O'Kerney and Owen O'Calla- 
nan, feoffees of trust to the use of Redmond, the Archbishop's 
son, the yearly rent of 24Z. only reserved. 

The mansion house belonging to the Dean of Cashel is leased 
by the late dean, and the lease is confirmed by the Arch- 
bishop. 

The chauntership of the church of Cashel, with one vicar 
united to the same, is leased by James Magraughe, the Arch- 
bishop's son, late chaunter, the lease confirmed by the Arch- 
bishop, and a \ery small rent reserved ; more in certainty we 
could not learn. 

The chancellorship of the cathedral church of Cashel, now 
possessed by John O'Hassen, a priest, with three vicarages 
annexed thereunto by the union of this Archbishop, is leased 
over to Redmonde, the Archbishop's son, the livings rated at 
30Z. sterling, 61. Irish reserved for rent out of them, which 
61. the incumbent receives out of a fourth vicarage in the 
diocese of Emeley. 

The treasurership of the cathedral church of Cashel, possessed 
by one Dermott Ultagh, a pretended incumbent thereof, who 
did not appear before us, but touching him it is returned by 
the inquest that the fruits of this dignity are leased, and that 
the Archbishop himself receives the profits. 

The archdeaconry of Cashel, possessed by Donogh O'Hogan, 
together with the vicarage of Federt, united bj"^ this Arch- 
bishop, is leased ; Marcus Magraughe, the Archbishop's son, 
receives the profits, valued at SOl. per annum, entirely to 
himself 

And touching this vicarage of Federt, lately united by this 
Archbishop to the said archdeaconry. 

This incumbent was forced, before he obtained the same, to 
make a simoniacal compact with James Magraughe, the Arch- 
bishop's son, to give him two parts of the vicarage, and to live 
himself upon the third part ; — a matter discovered to us both 
by the draft of the original composition showed before us, and 
afterwards by the confession of Donogh O'Hogan himself. 

The Prebendary of One William Flanagan, a poor vicar 
Molaghenonye. in the cathedral church, carries the 

name, but Terence Magraughe, the 
Archbishop's son, receives the profits, 
valued at SOl. per annum ; the said 
Terence gave this incumbent a cloak 
to present himself before us. 

The Prebendary of An old man named Robert Purcell 
Kilbraghe. bears the name, but the inquest 

presents that Redmond Magraughe, 
the Archbishop's son, receives the 
fruits. No curate. 



IRELAND—JAMES I. 



239 



1607. 



The Prebend of Fyn- 
nor. 



Rectory de Croghan 



Rectory de Knoc- 
graffyn. 



Vicaria de Colman 



Vicaria de Rathcowle 



Vic. de Balleshegan 



Vic. de Killenotele 



William Flanagan, a poor vicar of the 
cathedral church, hath carried the 
name of it ; now it is void and 
destitute of an incumbent, and he 
is preferred to the prebend of Mo- 
laghenony, but before he gave over 
this prebend, the Archbishop pro- 
cured him to make a lease of this 
prebend, which lease was presented 
before us to one Thomas Quemer- 
ford (Comerford) for 21 years, re- 
serving only 40s. per annum, the 
living being valued at 40 marks per 
annum. And Thomas Quemerford 
told us, the commissioners, he paid 
the Archbishop 30L sterling for 
that lease. 

Whereunto one Teg O'Cockran, a 
scholar and now a fugitive with 
Cuconaght Magwyre, is entitled, is 
leased by him, and the lease is con- 
firmed by this Archbishop to Tho- 
mas Quemerford, reserving only five 
marks per annum. The lease itself 
was presented before us. No curate. 

A living valued at 100 marks per 
annum is leased to James Butler, 
brother to the Lord of Mountsrar- 

O 

rett ; the same confirmed for this 
Archbishop for the yearly rent 
of 5^. No curate. 

The inquest presents that Neale Ma- 
graughe, the Archbishop's brother, 
receives the yearly fruits, valued at 
121. sterling. No curate. 

Chr. Flanagan, one of the two vicars 
in the cathedral church, carries the 
name, but the fruits are taken up 
by Redmond Magraughe, the Arch- 
bishop's son, to the Archbishop's 
use. No curate. 

Chr. Flanagan, supra dictus, carries 
the name, but the Archbishop him 
self receives the fruits. No curate. 

Marcus Magraughe, the Archbishop's 
son, a mere lay person receives the 
fruits. No curate. 



Livings in the diocese of Cashel not named in the taxation. 

Rectory de Drohio- Terrence Magraughe receives the 

fruits, valued at 10^. per annum. 
No curate. 



laghe. 



240 



IRELAND —JAMES I. 



1607. 



Vic. de Templeough- 
teraght. 

Vic. de Ballintaple - 



TyrlagheM'Morris Magraughe receivf 
the fruits. No curate. 



Vic. de Condoghill 



Thomas O'Dwyre receives the fruit 

No curate. 
This living is in lease, and Jamc 

Magraughe receives the fruits. N 

curate. 
Vic. deTemple -I-challye The fruits are received by Brya 

Magraughe. No curate. 
An old man bears the name, bi 

Marcus Magraughe receives th 

fruits. No curate. 
The fruits are received by Marci 

MagTaughe. The cure not a1 

tended. 
The fruits are received by Terenc 

Magraughe. No curate. 
This vicarage is leased for 81. Iris 

reserved, being worth 40 mari 

sterling ; the lease confirmed by tl 

Archbishop. 
Terence Magraughe receives the fruit 

No curate. 
Cappella de SuUogh- This is leased to James Magraugh( 



The Deanery of Eme- 
ley. 

Prebenda de Disert- 
lawran. 

Prebenda de Lattyn - 

Vic. de Amye 



Vic. de Tipperare 



hoidbeg. 

Cappella de Bailey- 
bought. 

Vic, de Kilshean 

Vic. de Currage 
Vic. de Carrygein 

Vic. de Clonepett 
Vic. de Bruysle 



Magraughe 
No curate. 



receives th 



who receives the fruits. 

Terence 
fruits. 

James Butler, the Archbishop's soi 
in-law, receives the fruits. IS 
curate. 

Idem Jacobus fructus recipit. 

Idem Jacobus receives the fruits. ]S 

curate. 
Idem Jacobus receives the fruits. 



Vic. de Tomaverge 



William Flanagan bears the name, bi 
Terence Magraughe receives th 
fruits. No curate. 

Thomas O'Dwyre receives the fruit 
No curate. 
Vic. de .Kilnirahey, 
Vic, deKilmolashie, et 
Vic, de Kylcowth 

Cappella de Mault - Marcus Magraughe receives the fru: 

No curate. 



Connor O'Mulbrien receives the fruii 
No curate. 



Besides these livings thus disposed of in the two dioceses 
Cashel and Emeley, the inquest doth present the sever 
livings under-named, to be holden by the Archbishop in 1: 



IRELAND — JAMES I. 24^1 



1607. 



own possession, and that he receives the yearly profit of them 
without order taken for the service of the Church : 

Prebenda de Kilbragh. Vic. de Killmockley. 

Vie. de TuUaghmayne, Prebenda de Ballykerin. 

Vic. de Killoscullye. Prebenda de Downleske. 

Vic. de Killenewre. Vic. de Lahercorney. 

Vic. de Mogorie. Vic. de Clerin, pro medietate. 

Vic. de CuUaghemery, Cancellariatus Imolacen. 

Vic. de Barnaneley. Vic. de Kilkelan. 

Vic. de Scornan. Vic. de Kaherkonlish, pro 

Vic. de Brokendorome. dimidio. 

Vic. de Ullo. Vic. de Rochestown6. 

Vic. de Donnoger. Vic. de Itwochagan. 

Cappella de Booagh. Vic. de Ballylundren, 

Besides these livings thus disposed, the Archbishop hath 
given unto certain ^''oung scholars several vicarages in these 
dioceses, with whose incapacity he hath unlawfully dispensed . 

Exempli causa: 

He hath bestowed the vicarage of Krologhe upon Michael 
Kerney, a scholar of 18 years of age, and dispensed with him 
authentically under his hand and seal, de non promovendo ad 
sep)te7)i. 

Item. He hath bestowed the vicarage of Pepperdstowne 
upon Maurice Magraughe, a young scholar learning to read 
English, and dispensed with him de non promovendo ad 
septem. 

Item. He hath bestowed two vicarages, viz., the vicarage 
of Kilmainham and the vicarage of Modeshill, upon a scholar 
named William Stacpoolle, gratia studij, with whom he hath 
dispensed de non promovendo, et de non residendo ad 
quinquagenta. 

The vicarage of Crampstone upon one Bernebey Kerney, a 
young scholar, with whom he hath dispensed, &c. 

Two vicarages in Emeley bestowed on Daniel Hurley's son, 
being a boy. 

All these dispensations under the Archbishop's own hand 
and seal were shewed before us ; they cany a pretence to be 
granted gratia studii, and yet it is affirmed by the inquest 
that there is not a schoolmaster in either of those dioceses 
of Cashel and Emeley to teach scholars authorized by the 
Archbishop, 

These livings are returned to be void and destitute of 
incumbents : 

Kectory de Kilconell. Thesora ibidem. 

Vic. de Calfi'e. Vicarage de Balledowire. 

Vic. de Bwoley. Prebenda de Kilnegoine. 

Vic. de Garrie. Prebenda de Kilnelege. 

Vic, de Killashin. Vic. de Moynevraighe. 

Precentoria Imolacensis. Vic. de Athnett. 

2. Q 



24i2 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



1607. 



Vic. de Kilkleane. 
Vic. de Kilbrakam 
Vic. de Diserkeran. 



Vic. de Castraiiovo. 
Canberbius de Clonebege. 



There be some other livings in these two dioceses of Cashel 
and Emeley whereof some poor men, priests and others, 
carry the name, but they have little learning or sufficiency, 
and, indeed, are fitter to keep hogs than to serve in the church. 
And I fear if the truth were known these are disposed as ill as 
the rest ; it seeming strange unto me that in so civil a province, 
and in the compass of 40 miles (which is the length of these 
two dioceses, as I am informed), there is not one preacher or 
good minister to teach the subjects their duties to God and 
His Majesty. 

Diocese Lysmoeen. 



In this diocese of Lysmore things are not so far out of order 
as in the two former dioceses, but it will appear that whereso- 
ever the Archbishop could do hurt to the Church he hath not 
forborne to do it : for first — 



The Deanery of Lys- 
more, reputed worth 
100 marks per an- 
num. 



The Chancellorship of 
Lysmore. 



The Treasurership of 
Lysmore, valued at 
40^. sterling. 



The Archdeaconry of 
Lysmore. 



Prebenda de Kilgo- 

benet. 
Vic. de Clonegan. 



To which the parsonage of Tubred is 
annexed. It with certain glebe 
lands, is leased by the Archbishop; 
Dean, and Chapter to the Arch- 
bishop's use, who did lately convey 
and sell over the lease to a merchant 
in Waterford, and so the deanery is 
dismembered and left little worth, 

Absalon Gittinge, chaplain to the 
Lord Viscount of TuUy, is chancel- 
lor, but the living was leased bj 
the former incumbent, and he re- 
ceives only a small rent ; more ir 
certainty we could not learn. 

Mr. Osborne, minister and preacher 
is lately entitled to it, but there is 
a lease in being, passed from his 
predecessor, the late Treasurer, anc 
confirmed by the Archbishop, Dean 
and Chapter. 

Kichard Daniell, a minister, is nov 
possessed, but the living was leasee 
about four years past for the 61 
years by the Archbishop, Dean, anc 
Chapter, a small rent of 61. pe: 
annum only reserved. 

Leased to Mr. Stephenson ; 40s. ren 
reserved. 

Leased for 405. per annum. 



IRELAND — JAMES I. 



243 



1607. 



Vic. de Rathronan, 
valoris 20 marks per 
annum. 



Prebend a de Mora. 



Leased to Richard Power for 21 years, 
reserving 6s. 8d. per annum ; he 
hath enjoyed two harvests, and in 
this visitation I procured him to 
surrender his lease. 

A prebend of good value, but leased 
over by the Archbishop, Dean, and 
Chapter to Daniell Craghe, and from 
him it is conveyed over to the now 
Dean of Lysmore. It is said that 
the Dean gave this lease in requital 
of Tubred, leased by him to the 
Archbishop's use. 

Leased to the use of John Sherlocke, 
a small rent reserved. 



Rector de Tullagh- 
gartan. 

Besides these the inquest presents church livings in this 
diocese ill-disposed of, as — 

The rectory and vicar- 
age of Ballydrynan, 



Returned to be vacant. The fruits of 
both are received by Mrs, Gyles 
Magraughe, a widow, the Arch- 
bishop's daughter. The churches 
decayed ; the cure not served. 

Bestowed upon a scholar named Philip 
Cahill, absent, without order taken 
for the service of the church. 

Bestowed upon a scholar named 
Richard Donovan, absent in Eng- 
land. No order taken for the ser- 
vice of the church. 

It is likewise presented by the inquest that the now Arch- 
bishop holds in his own possession certain livings in this 
diocese, viz. : 

Prebenda de Kiltegan, Prebenda de Donaghmore, Vic. de 
Tubred : No order for the cure. 

Also in this diocese divers livings are presented to be void 
and destitute of incumbents, as — 

Prebenda de Killgobenett. Vic. de Gelraghe. 



and the vicarage of 
Mortolstow. 

The vie. of Kilcolman. 



The vie. ofAeglis, and 
the vie. of Kilmo- 
lashie. 



Vic. de Seskenan. 
Rec. et vie. de Clonena, 
Vic. de Lakowran. 
Vic. de Cullegan. 
Vic. de Moccolpe. 
Rec. et vie. de Killurd. 
Vic. de Fewies. 



Aghnegarowbed, 
Vic. de Novo Castro. 
Vic. de Ballybeakan. 
Vic. de Killncolassy. 
Vic. de Shamrelyen. 
Vic. de Templetiny. 



Vic. de Deragrath. 

All which vacant livings were sequestered by the Com- 
missioners in this visitation into the hands of some English 
ministers and preachers, which are lately come over with the 
undertakers, and are not otherwise provided for; they are 
seven or eight in number. 



244 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

And for the rest of this diocese, I must testify that it is, sc 
far as I could learn, in indifferent good order, both for incum- 
bents and for a schoolmaster at Dungarvan. 

The names of the inquisitors in this diocese are — 
John Prindergrasse, dean. Peter Gary, minister, 

Eichard Daniell, archdeacon, and William Power, minister. 
John Gwyn, preacher. 
Prest White, minister. 

Diocese Wateeford. 

The bishopric of Waterford contains but one only deanery. 
The dean, chaunter, and chancellor Are sufficient men. 
The treasurer and archdeacon - Allowable. 
Prebenda de Kilvean - - Leased by the Archbishop, 

24s. 4^. rent reserved. 
Prebenda de Corbally - - Leased, 32s. reserved. 

There are divers impropriate churches in this deanery, some 
belonging to St. Katherine's in Waterford, others to St. John's, 
others ad doTnum leprosvru'm. In all w'hich there is a genera] 
neglect to place curates in the churches or to uphold the 
chauncells. 

Tho. Dublin, Can. 

Pp. 12. Endd.: " 4 August 1607. An inquisition in the 
dioceses of Cashell, Emely, Lismoore, and Waterford, concern- 
incr abuses in those churches." 



o 



vol. 222, 112. 



Aug. 4. 316. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Lords of the Privs 

S.P., Ireland, COUNCIL. 

Answers to His Majesty's letters of the 16th of this las^ 
month, with instructions and warrants, and to their lettei 
concerning his intended journey to Munster. 

Has apprised the Earl of Tirone and Sir Donnell O'Cahane 
of His Majesty's intention to be moderator and umpire himseli 
between them. After a week or fortnight of the next tern^ 
be passed, the King's Attorney shall attend them, sufficientlji 
instructed to declare the state of the cause, the better to guidt 
His Majesty's princely judgment in the solution thereof 
Will take due care to prevent any stir that may happen ii 
these parts through the absence of the chieftains, which he 
hopes to find nothing the more difficult for their absence. 

Will make a survey of the old and unserviceable armoui 
and provide for tlie repairing of what may be repaired 
Would advise the selling of the useless arms out of the 
country. 

Before proceeding to pass the lands of the county oi 
Monaghan, as authorized by His Majesty, desires that Hif 
Majesty may be pleased to express himself a little furthei 
touching the Termons in the latter end of the book. Th( 
Bishop of Clogher claims them all to belong to his see ; bu 
the most received and vulgar opinion of all Termon lands is 



IRELAND — ^JAMES I. 245 



1607. 



that they were ah initio destined for hospitality, but descended 
lineally in one name or sept, which were a kind of clergy or 
privileged men. There was paid out of them some little chief 
rent, certain, to the bishops of each diocese wherein they were 
contained, and otherwise they were not only free from all 
charges, impositions, and cuttings whatsoever, but in former 
times were wont to be sanctuaries, places of refuge and 
safety for all parties and their goods in time of war, amongst 
the nation themselves. Will expect His Majesty's pleasure 
by Sir John Davys, who upon his coming thither may further 
declare unto them the nature of Termons, together with his 
opinion ; and what they shall then lay down positively in 
that behalf shall be a learning to them for all such kind of 
land, whereof there is some good store in other places of the 
realm, which may give some addition to His Majesty's 
revenues. Begs their Lordships to render to His Majesty 
his humble thanks for his allowance of their determination 
to transfer the sept of the Moores, with some others, their 
dependants and followers, out of the Queen's County into 
that of Kerry, who otherwise must assuredly at one time or 
other, have been utterly extinguished for their demerits. It 
will be for the welfare and tranquillity, not only of the 
English inhabitants there, but also of the whole realm. If 
the 12,000Z. treasure to arrive shortly be so much sterling 
English, it will pay the army in full to the last of June ; and 
most of those who are payable by concordatum, but otherwise 
it will be far too short. Engages that he will henceforth see 
the same duly certified over, according to His Majesty's direc- 
tions, without fail, and prays them further to assure His Ma- 
jesty that they bestow few largesses out of his purse. Pro- 
mises to send a quarterly account of concordatums according 
to His Majesty's desires. Explains that these concordatums 
seem great by reason of the amount of money required by war- 
rants from His Majesty and their Lordships. Explains the 
inconvenience of cheques and defalcations, and suggests that 
Mr. Byrchenshawe, who has 20.?. by the day strained out of 
the cheques of these few companies, should be contented with 
a pension in England during his life of 2001. a year of this 
same money in lieu of his pay. Concerning the Greames, for 
whom His Majesty will have them to strain the companies 
once again to receive more of them, he explains that the incon- 
venience and grievance of it will be, that whereas the army 
is in list and name but 880 men (though they be the choice 
remain of 30,000 at least), yet they must discharge so many 
of their old soldiers that know not how else to live. And to 
send men thus made and affected into England against their 
wills, only to make room for others that have not deserved 
well, were but to expose them to much adversity and danger 
of the law there. The Greames of the other side, such as they 
liave already placed in the companies, are complained of as 
being so turbulent and busy, that one of them is able to dispose 



24j6 IRELAND-'— JAMES I. 

1607. 

a whole garrison to become so ; and their minds are so much at 
their homes from whence they came, without hope of return, 
that they will not like the poor soldier's life and fare, but will 
steal away into England, do what they can to the contrary, 
as of late some of them have done from the Derry, 

After thanking His Majesty for the sum of 500?, given him in 
consideration of his former travelling charges, gives the reasons 
which first moved him to intend a journey into the province 
of Munster, and why he finds himself now again altered from 
it. It arose out of their letter to the President and him, 
advising some relaxation in the cause of religion and recusancy, 
and from the complaints of the President's severity, and the 
under officers' extortions. Many of the merchants, too, and 
other inhabitants of corporate towns, terrified, as they 
pretended, with his course of proceeding, gave over their 
trades, and betook themselves into the country ; openly pro- 
fessing that they would abandon their traffic beyond the seas 
rather than the President should be benefited by the impost on 
wines, and that they would incur any infliction of the law in 
that case rather than he should gain any glory or commenda- 
tion in the work which he intended. And being invited by 
some principal citizens of that sort there, and advised by 
many others, wise and well afifected both here and from thence, 
to go down thither himself, not doubting but some good effect 
would redound from it, he thought it then, in the lifetime 
of the President, necessary to go thither. But soon after 
followed his death ; and having then, for the present, placed 
the Earl of- Thomond and Sir Richard Morison, chief in 
commission there, with the rest of that Council, he directed 
them diligently to examine those former complaints, and to 
enlarge such as were committed for recusancy or contempts in 
that kind, upon bonds, the condition of which he sends. He 
kept from these Commissioners their Lordships' secret instruc- 
tions to the President and himself, which required more lenity 
and connivance towards that sort of men ; and after his 
decease got the same again into his hands for fear they should 
be divulged. He wishes the recusants to perceive there was 
no toleration or liberty of conscience (as they term it) in- 
tended by His Majesty unto them (as they falsely imagined, 
upon some inkling of the letter) ; yet that all men, upon their 
making petitions, and engaging that they would submit them- 
selves to such conditions as for the present were required, 
should be enlarged. All of them were accordingly set at 
liberty except fourteen, whereof eight were of Clonmel, four of 
Cork, and two of Kinsale, who are still restrained because 
they obstinately refuse to enter into that bond. 

The Commissioners, upon examination of all those artificial 
complaints, found that the severity pretended was rather 
verbal than actual ; that more were committed for contempt 
in not coming to the President when they were sent for 
than for the matter of recusancy ; that the fines imposed 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 247 



1607. 



amounted to 7,000^., but not above four-score pounds thereof 
were levied ; and, lastly, that though the gentleman porter or 
the other officers there demanded their due fees, or more per- 
haps, yet they took little, which he must think was by 
instruction from the President, so as the harm done was not 
to be spoken of, and the good intended seemed to be this, ut 
pcena ad paucos, metus ad omnes perveniret. 

Refers their Lordships for the disordered state of tlie four 
bishoprics possessed by the Archbishop of Cashel, that is to say, 
Cashell, Emeley, Waterford, and Lismoore, to the report of 
the Lord Chancellor and the Bishop of Kildare and others, as 
well as the Chancellor's own letters to them. The Lord 
Chancellor going visitation that way, dealt as effectually as he 
could with the men of Waterford and Clonmell, and some other 
places where he came, touching their conformity and duty to 
His Majesty. The like charge he gave to the Lord Chief 
Justice in his circuit through Waterford, and to the Chief 
Baron for Corke, Limerique, and the rest of those parts of 
Munster ; but this he may believe, that howsoever the present 
time and state serve not, as it is thought, to press the common 
justice of the land with His Majesty's prerogative in this case, 
yet this sort of people will never be made, no, nor will be fit, 
to receive instruction, without the bridle and the spur ; yet 
the insufficiency and cold devotion (not to say any worse) of 
the clergy, and the want of good education of youth, is a very 
uncomfortable impediment and a reason to despair of seeing 
any good effect in this matter of reformation. But for his 
part he will press forward the laws and statutes here in force 
as far as he can ; and that which he has been often adver- 
tised to, and by some little experience finds most coercive 
and effectual in this case, is the sentence of excommunica- 
tion de qua donee satisfecerit delinquens, non liberatur 
solutione. Some of the bishops here would gladly practise 
it, but he has not yet suffered them to do it freely, though 
otherwise he likes it weD ; but if they (the Privy Council) 
can allow of it, they will hereafter use it oftener, but with dis- 
cretion, and towards some special persons. 

Thus all things in that province being thus provided for, 
and understanding by Sir Richard Morison and some other 
of the Council there (whom he sent for hither to learn the 
present state thereof), that there is no occasion of moment 
to draw him thither for this time, he has thought it better to 
stay at home until they (the Lords of the Council) or some 
other unlooked-for accident may alter that determination. 

Apprises them that Brian M'Arte, son to Arte O'Neile, 
base brother to the Earl of Tyrone, with two more of his 
servants, has of late slain a principal gentleman of the Fewes, 
in the county of Ardmagh. They were all apprehended by 
the sheriff and carried to the gaol of the Newrie. His men 
are tried this week in the sessions at Ardmaghe ; himself he 



248 . IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

has caused to be brought to this castle, to be tried in the 

King's Bench, because it was not safe, for fear of rescue, to 
carry him from the Newrie to Ardmaghe to be tried there. 
Brian is a man so active and sufficient of himself that in the 
late rebellion, from a private man of no note he by his proper 
virtue (if it be lawful to term it so in a rebel) grew so strong 
and great in wealth and followers, and did so many exploits 
that, if God had not seen the iniquity of their cause, he had 
made himself one of the greatest fortunes in Ulster, next 
unto the Earl of Tyrone. He was the last man that sub- 
mitted himself in the end of the war ; he was owner of more 
goods by far, and had then more men depending upon him 
than the Earl himself, for further knowledge of all which he 
refers their Lordships to the relation of such as knew those 
wars. He is besides so gracious and popular, that after the 
decease of the Earl it is credibly thought, he will attempt to 
restore the name of O'Neile again. Hears that in respect of 
his nearness in blood and other entire obligations between them, 
the Earl has made means there for his pardon, but can scarce 
believe it, because the Earl himself is not without a jealousy of 
him. The least that may be made of his fact is manslaughter, 
and he is no clerk ^ ; wherefore, if their Lordships shall not 
countermand him in the meantime, he intends next term to 
make him undergo the hand of justice in such sort as the 
same shall require. 

Assures them that before their letters came to hand con- 
cerning the trial of Lieutenant Jones for the slaying of 
Mr. Gascoigne's son in the county of Sligo, he had left the 
same to the strictest course of law that his brother here could 
think on; notwithstanding that the offender was othei-wise 
a tall man and well deserving, and in opposition to the 
mediation that was made unto him by some that extenuated 
the fact, and were such as he would otherwise pleasure in 
any of their reasonable occasions. 

This day, since the writing hereof, the treasure formerly 
spoken of, is arrived, being there issued for 12,000^., harps, 
which he understands is 4,000Z. short to make all even here 
to the beginning of July. 

Defends the Treasurer from the charge of not husbanding 
the treasure. 

Pp. 12. Signed. Endd. Encloses, 

S.P., Ireland, 317, The conditions which the recusants of [ ] 

vol. 222, 1121. ^^^g required to enter into before their enlargement. 

First, that they should not depart out of the province with- 
out a licence of the Commissioners. 



' Meaning that he will not be capable, on conviction, of claiming the benefit 
of clergy. . 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



249 



1607. 



Secondly, thai they should appear before the Commissioners 
and Council there upon 10 days ivarning, always to he left 
m their dwelling houses. 

Lastly, that in the meantime they should not voluntarily 
converse with, nor relieve any seminary priest or Jesuit, 

P. I. 



Aug. 6. 

Philad. P., 
vol. 3, p. 193. 



318. Lords of Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

Caution him against confirming or renewing any charters 
or grants of cities and port towns incorporated, pending the 
perusal by the King's Council of the collector's accounts, and 
the copies of the various charters of the towns sent over 
to England ; His Majesty being minded to reduce his customs 
of Ireland to the same course of payment and receipt as in 
his other realms. — Whitehall, 6 August 1607. 

Signed: T. Dorset, Gilb. Shrewsbury, E. Worcester, Not- 
inghara, H. Southampton, T. Suffolke, Salisbury. 

P. 1. Add. Endd.: "From the Lis. of the Counsell, not 
to renew anie. charter." 



Aug. 4. 

S.P., Ireland, 
Tol. 222, ] 13. 



319. Sir Oliver St. John to Salisbury, 

Returns thanks for his Lordship's continued favours.— 
Dublin, 4 Aug. 1607. 

P. 1. Add, Endd. Signed. Sealed. 



Aug. 6. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 222, 114. 



320. Sir Arthur Chichester to the King James I. 

Returns thanks for His Majesty's gracious favours. — Dublin 
Castle, 6 August 1607. 

Pp. 2. Add. Endd. Signed. Sealed. 



Aug. 6. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 222, 115, 



321. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. 

Acknowledges the receipt of the King's directions and 
warrants, &c. Commends the Earl of Clanricard's courtesies, 
and strongly eulogizes that nobleman. Advises the enlarge- 
ment of Sir Ralfe Bingley, and recommends Mr. Crosse's suit 
for recompense for the loss of his ship, imprested to transport 
soldiers to the siege of Kinsale, &c, [Enclosing a copy of 
Deputy's letter to ye King.] — Dublin Castle, 6 August 1607. 
Pp. 4. Signed. 



Aug. 7. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol.222, 116. 



322. King James I. to the Lord Deputy. 

Has bestowed upon John Lancaster the l)ishoprick of 
Ossory and Kilkenny, if void or when void, or any other 
bishoprick that shall first be void after his repair to Ireland. — 
Bewly, 7 August 1607. 
P. 1. Copy. 



250 IRELAND — JAMES I. 



1607. 
Aug. 7. 323. Sir John Davys to Salisbury. 

^'T 2?2^^Ti*7 Thanks him for being selected to attend the Council on the 

^ ■ ' ■ hearing of the difference between the Earl of Tyrone and 

O'Cane, and promises to come over fully instructed. 

Has visited since the term the counties of Meath, West- 
meath, Longford, the King's County, and the Queen's County, 
Concerning matters of the peace, will make but one observa- 
tion : — that it is almost a miracle to see the quiet and con- 
formity of this people, for in all these five shires there was 
but one poor churl convicted and executed, and that for a 
petty theft only ; and though they make as diligent inquiry 
of idle men as of felons, they received presentment only of 
three loose and idle persons in Offaly, within the King's 
County, for whose good behaviour they took good sureties, 
being informed by the gentlemen and freeholders of the 
several counties that their kerne and idle gentlemen who 
are not departed to the wars abroad now apply themselves 
to husbandry, and that they want more people of that quality 
to break up and manure their waste grounds. 

For the matter of religion, their constant execution of the 
penal law of 12d. for every Sunday and holiday prevails 
so much, as that in Meath all the inhabitants of the town 
of Trym, in Westmeath the greatest part of MoUngar, con- 
form themselves. In the King and Queen's Counties, where 
there are colonies of English, many entire parishes are re- 
formed, namely and specially, the towns of Phillipston and 
Marlborough, and come to church. The reformation wrought 
in this kind throughout this kingdom is principally effected by 
the civil magistrate ; for the churches, which are yet in ruin 
everywhere, and whereof the greatest number want curates 
to perform Christian duties in them, accuse the clergy of 
extreme negligence. The Archbishop of Cashell, who without 
doubt is the most criminous person among them, has been 
visited since the term. His exemplary punishment will add 
credit to religion ; but it were to be wished that they who 
find great beams in his eye, would also pull out the motes 
out of their own. 

Trusts his Lordship will excuse his coming over until a 
fortnight of the next term be passed, as some business con- 
cerning the King's service, namely, the cause of the customs, 
and some other matters of good importance, among the rest, 
the cause between the Earl of Kildare and Sir Robert Digby, 
which is to be heard the first sitting in the Star Chamber, 
almost of necessity require his presence here, — Dublin, 7 
August 1607. 
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. Signed. Sealed, 

Aug. 13. 324. Sir Geoffrey Fenton to Salisbury. 

vor22?^ii8' Reports that the Lord Deputy has gone towards the 

North, and desires that the packets should be addressed to 



lEELAND— JAMES I. 261 



1607. 

him, and that the Mayor of Chester, should be commanded to 
send his packets to Holyhead, to be forwarded by the post 
barque, and not put His Majesty to such extraordinary charges 
as he had done. Dwells on the necessity of reformation in 
religion.- — Dublin, 13 August 1607. 
Pp, 2. Add. Signed. Endd. 

Aug. 14. 325. Sir Thos. Ridgeway to the Privy Council. 

vof lar^Ta' Reports a deficiency of estimates by omission of grants by 

concordatum. Great charges arise under the head of extra- 
ordinaries. Details the several heads of expenses, and the 
difficulty in borrowing money. — Treasuiy, near Dublin, 14 
August 1607. 
Pjp. 4. Signed. 



vol. 222, 119. 



Aug. 14. 326. Sir Thomas Ridgeway to Salisbury. 
^'^'99^^20' Refers to his letter to the Lords. He endeavours to satisfy 

in all things, but is pressed, owing to the deficiency of treasure. 
— Treasury, near Dublin, 14 August 1607. 
Fp. 2 Add. Signed. Endd. Encloses, 



vol. 222, 120. 



S.P., Ireland, 327. Certificate of Payments, by Warrants, over and above the 
vol. 222, 120 1. Establishment, and of Extraordinaries granted by 

Concordatum, with a review of the amount of Treasure 
necessary for future Payments. 

In his last certificate for a year ended the last of June 1607, 
vjas contained the sum of 6,810?. 10s. Qd., and 3,554(5. Os. Sd., 
TnaJdng in all 10,364/^. lis. 2c?. for extraordinary payments 
over and above the establishment. And because His Majesty 
and the Lords conceive that the charge thereof is too great, he 
has hereunder set down by what warrants the same have been 
granted, to the end that a certain course may be taken for the 
like hereafter, which he will precisely observe. 

Pp. 6. Signed : Th. Ridgeiucty. 

Aug. 15. 328. John Bingley to Sir Julius C^sar. 
Lansdowne MSS. ^j^ account of the freight of certain sliips sent into Ire- 

B.M. ■ land. — 15 August 1607. 

Pp. 2. Signed. Add. Endd. 

Auo-. 15. 329. Sir John Bingley to Sir Julius C^sar. 
Lansdowne MSS., jj^s examined, according to instructions, the petition of 

B.M. ^^^ several ship-masters, and finds them as having been pressed 

to convey victuals and munitions to several ports in Ireland 
in 1603 and afterwards, severally entitled to various sums, 
which are returned in a schedule. 
Pp. 1|. Hoi. Signed. Add. Endd. 



252 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



1607. 
Aug. 21. 

P.S., Ireland, 
vol. 222, 121. 



Aug. 22. 
S.P., Ireland, 
vol.222, 122. 



Aug. 22. 

Philad. P., 

vol. 1, p. 221. 



Aug. 23. 

S.P., Ireland, 

vol.222, 126 n. 



330. R AiLWARDE, Mayor of Waterford, to the Privy 

Council. 

Represents that the inhabitants are distressed, and, in the 
present state of the corporation, now that their charter con- 
cerning the customs is called in question, petitions for favour- 
able consideration. — Waterford, 21 August 1607. 

Signed : Ry. Ailwarde. 

P. 1. Add. Endd. Sealed. 

331. Warrant from the King to Sir Arthur Chichester. 
Requires liim to dissolve the sequestration of the fishing 

of the Ban, and to take order that Sir Randal M'Donnell 
should enjoy his portion of it, and also to make freeholders 
on his own lands. Signed : Salisbury. 
P. 1. Add. Endd. Sealed. 

332. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

Has accepted Sir Charles Wilmot's surrender of his foot 
company of 50 men, part of the ordinary garrison, and has 
bestowed it on Captain William Newse. And Sir Charles 
Wilmot having license to stay in England till Michaelmas 
next, he is to have the pay of his company till that time 
without cheque. — Salisbury, 22 August, in the fifth year of 
the reign. 

P. |. Signed. Add. Endd. 

333. Hugh O'Carolan's Discovery.^ 

Speaks of a letter from Rome, brought by one Gouldinge, 
a deacon, to certain seminary priests, Jesuits, and men of note 
in this country from one Primate Lumbard (Lombard), a 
Waterford man born, directed to one James Plunkett, bishop 
of Meath, and James Walsh, abbat of Mellifont, Father Holly- 
wood and Father Lennon, Jesuits, and to one Doctor White, 
and others, their associates, to understand and know how 
the noblemen and gentlemen of the country stand affected, 
and whet-her they would have him, the said Primate Lombard, 
to deal with the Pope's Holiness for his letter to the King of 
Spain for the employing of the Irish army, and for others now 
in his entertainment to be sent over into this land, for their 
aid and better continuance in their religion. Further, Primate 
Lombard's request is, to have some exhibition presently 
gathered and to be sent over to him towards his charge and 
travel into Spain about this business, and for other their 
agents. Upon receipt of which letters, the priests, seminarists, 
and Jesuits were gotten together, to the number of fifty or 
sixty, to consult thereof, about the beginning of this instant 
month, and have dispersed themselves to gather and collect 
money for this business. 

P. 1. Cojpy. Endd. 



Printed in Meehan's Tyrone and Tyrconnell, pp. 135-6. 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 253 



1607. 
Aug. 24. 334. Earl of Clanricard to Salisbury. 

voT 2S'T23 Moved his Lordship about a month since for a letter into 

' ' ' ' Ireland to prevent an indirect course about the wardship of Sir 

Teigg O'Rowrk's children, which he had dearly bought of Sir 
Oliver Lambert. Would be well satisfied if he had but part 
of his money for it, bat as his Lordship sent over a letter to 
prevent any inconvenience, he assures himself it is safe. 
This suit of Sir Patrick Murray^ is for the wardship or 
estate of Maguire's land, with which he (Clanricarde) has 
nothing to do. The state of that business, as far as he can 
remember, stands thus. The last Maguire had a patent of 
Fermanagh, but died in action of rebellion, being killed in 
Munster a little before my Lord of Devonshire went into 
Ireland. When the rebellion ended, it seems that my Lord 
of Devonshire had promised his brother a grant of the county 
of Fermanagh, reserving a consideration for one Conor Roe 
M'Guire, that held as a good subject and did good service. This 
brother, when matters came to a division between him and 
that Conor Roe, was much discontented, and is, upon this 
occasion or some other, gone out of Ireland, as he hears, into 
Spain. He meant that a brother of his should take the profit 
and protection of the country, and has heard that, together 
with his discontent about the division and some hard conceit 
of the governors of that country, he had a particular regard 
unto the right of his eldest brother's child, being now very 
young, and by a daughter, as he (Clanricarde) conceives, of 
Tirone. Thinks the brother, through his wrangling about the 
estate, had not gotten out his letters patent, which, if it be so, it 
is either in the King to dispose to the son of that Maguire that 
was killed, or to be disposed in what other fashion it shall be 
thought most fit. Will pray for the end of Bartholomew, 
that may draw him and the company that was with him at 
Awdley End to these parts of the world ; whereof, as soon as 
he can receive any knowledge, he will not fail to wait on him. 
— Beningfcon, 24 August 1607. 

F'p. 4. Signed. Endd. 



vol. 222, 124. 



Aug. 31. 335. Lord Butler to Salisbury. 

^■'^''^09^^\tl "^^^^ P^°^ woman taxing him that he was present at Carrick 

here in Ireland, when she delivered unto Sir Hen. Brouncker, 
late Lord President of Mounster, an order passed unto her 
by my Lord Carew that now is, when he supplied that place 
in this kingdom, he is bold to make known his knowledge 
therein, which was (as near as he remembers) that Johan 
Keeffe should he maintained in the possession of the two plough 
lands of Gorttnecross, until she should be put beside it by due 
course of law. — Carrick, last of August 1607. 

P. 1. Signed. Add. .^TicZd; "A poor woman's cause." 

' See supra, vol. I. p. 285. 



254 IRELAND— JAMES I. 



1607. 

^f'dr\f^' 3^^» ^^^^^ Collections drawn from sundry discourses had 
YOJ. 222, 1281. ^.^j^ ^ -g T^et^i^-t ^^^ 29th day of June and 25th of 

August 1607.1 

1. Declares that a general revolt is intended by many of 
the nobility and principal persons, together with the cities and 
towns, to shake off the yoke of the English government and 
adhere to the Spaniard. 

2. They have made known their purpose to the King of 
Spain, who has promised men, money, and munition, provided 
they will declare themselves against the King by some notable 
action. 

8. Whereupon they resolved to seize upon the castle of 
Dublin, and kill or otherwise dispose of the Deputy and 
Council. 

4. Had concluded to attempt the surprise of the castle in 
Easter term, anno 1606, and had proceeded therein but for two 

[L. of Howth] 

causes : — First, A.B. thought it a matter full of danger, and told 

[Delvin] 

C.D. that it would be impossible to hold the castle, even if 
they succeeded in surprising it, unless the Spanish forces 

[Delvin] 

were in readiness to give them present assistance. C.D. im- 

[E. Tirconell] 

parted it to E.F., who allowed of the reasons. Secondly, 

[Delvin] 

C.D. would not assent that the Deputy should be slain, being 
his friend, and he would rather withdraw, yea, and reveal the 
plot, than see his blood spilt. This discourse was about 
Christmas, anno 1605. 

[L. of Howth.] 

5. About August following, A.B. went into England, ex- 
pecting employment or pension from the King, or if he failed 
therein, in the service of the Archduke ; resolved, however, to 
reveal the conspiracy before it should cause his country's ruin 
and King's disturbance. 

6. Did not reveal it at his first coming to Court, thinking 
it had not spread further than to discourse, by means of priests, 
and some slight promises of assistance. But when he came 
into the Low Countries and perceived, upon discourse with 
Kichard Stanihurst and Christopher Cusake, priests, the one 
his uncle, and the other his near kinsman, that the conspiracy 
had infected many of the King's subjects, as well on that side 
as on this, and that the King of Spain had assured the con- 
spirators of aid and assistance when they should declare 
themselves, he though it high time to discover what he knew. 
Repairing into England, opened it to my Lord Salisbury, who 
acquainted the King therewith. 

7. Returned to the Low Countries, where he was assured by 
one FlarieO'Mulconn or, known by the name of Father Florence, 
and provincial of the Irish Franciscan friars, that all things 
were concluded, and that he himself was to go to Ireland to 

^ Printed at length in Meehau's Tyrone and Tyrconnell, pp. 105-11. 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 255 

1607. 

ascertain the lords, cities, and towns of the aid promised, and 

to conclude with them for the time. 

8. This Florence has been employed from the beginning by 

[E. Tirconell] 

E. F., and is in credit with the King of Spam, who, he told 
A. B., was to aid them with 10,000 foot and 200 horse, to 
be landed in Ireland within 20 days after the peace should 
be broken, under command of Spinola, or some other great 

[L. ofHowth] . 1.11. 

captain. A. B. advised them to land near Dublin, which he 
did, as well to draw them within the danger of those seas as 
to bring them to our chiefest strength. Florence told him 
that it was resolved that they should land at Gallowaye or 
Waterfoorde, or at both places at once, if their forces were 
answerable to their expectations. 

[E. Tirconell] 

9. Says that the Spaniards have fed E. F. with hope of great 
advancement and reward, and that father Florence has re- 
ceived five or six thousand pounds for his use. Says further 
that the Spaniard so allures this nation that they will quit the 
King and adhere to him, if not timely prevented by bridling 
them with strong garrisons. Knows not the cause, but they 
pretend religion, and that they are weary of the English 
government. 

10. Had the first knowledge of all this from C. D., and soon 
after he conferred with E. F. Dealt with none others on this 
side. 

[Tyrone] 

11. Cannot, of himself, charge G. H. with any particular 
matter, but is well assured, by speech had with the former 
two and others in the Low Countries, that he is as deep in the 

[Ld. Mountgarret] [Sir Thomas Bourke] [Sir Theobald Bonrke] 

treason as any ; so is J. K., L. M., N. 0., 

[Sir Randal MTDonnell] [Cuconnaught Maguire] 

P. Q., R. S., and sundry others in the kingdom, some 

of whom have undertaken particular services when the time 

[Sir Thomas Bourke] 

shall serve : — as L. M. to betray the castle of Athlone, and to 

[Ld. Mountgarret] 

take the Earl of Clanricard prisoner ; J. K. to seize upon the 
Earl of Ormond and the Viscount Butler, and to direct those 
countries for the treasonable services. 

[E. Tirconell] 

12. Had talked with E. F. sundry times, and found him 
firm in his first resolution ; that a priest had brought him 
despatches of great moment ; and that he will bring the priest 
with him when he comes to fetch his lady, about the 5th or 
6th of September next, when he will learn more. 

13. This is all he can say until he shall have spoken with 
him, and until Father Florence come over, when he wiU contrive 
that he shall be taken with all his letters and papers about 

[E. Tirconell] 

him. If this fail, advise th to have E. F. taken, and charged 
with the above particulars, when he thinks he will confess the 
whole plot. If he do not, other men's apprehensions must 



256 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. • . . 

make it good to his face. But there is no great haste herein ; 
for until father Florence come and return, they will not break 
out, neither will the Spanish forces be ready to come until to- 
wards Michaelmas 1608. This is all that hath passed since 

[L. of Howth] 

A. B.'s arrival, the 29th of June, unto this 25th of August 
1607. 

Pp. 7. Signed. Endd. 

Aug. 26. 337. Army Victualling Contract. 
Lansdowne MSS. Contract made with Sir Robert Newcomen for victualling 

I96,'i98. the army in 1607, and now in the custody of Sir Vincent 

Skinner, 

Pp. 2. Endd. 

Aug. 26. 338. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester, 

Philad. p., Refers to him the petition of Arthur Denny, Esq., craving 

' " * remittal of certain arrears, and other things that concern the 

King's revenues in Ireland for his report, the gentleman being 

one whom he is otherwise well disposed to favour in what is 

fitting.^-Salisbury, 26 August in the 5th year of the reign. 

P. \. Signed. Add. Endd. in Sir Arthur Chichester's 
hand: "Of the 26th of August 1607. From the Kinge's 
Matie, in the behalfe of Mr, Arthure Denie, tuchinge some 
arreares of rent, &c. — Re. the 30th of Ja. 1607." Encloses, 



vol. 1, p. 226. 



[Aug. 26.] 339, Arthur Denny's Petition. 

•^^i^^l' oofi " Whereas Arthur Denny, sonne unto the late Sir Edward 

Denny, Knight, deceased, hath made humble suit unto us that 
in regarde of his father's services in the warres within our 
realme of Ireland, wherein he lost his life and his cattle, 
goods, and benefit of his lands which he had, and his son nou 
hath, in that our realm,, as an undertaker, since the beginning 
of those wars J and by reason of the arrears it stands charged 
with, cannot make any benefit thereof. 

" 1. That therefore His Majesty would pardon the relief dut 
upon his fathers death and the arrears of rent sinci 
the beginning of the late wars until next Michaelmoi 
following. 
" 2. That he might have the arrears and present growinc, 
rent due to the late Earl of Desmond from the bur 
g esses of Tralee, amounting to the sum of eighteer 
marks half face by the year. 
" 3. That he might receive his fifteen patents, and take al 
such lands as he holds that are not seignory lands 
paying yearly for the same one half-penny for ever\ 
acre, to be held as the rest of the seignory lands it 
soccage." 
P. |. Copy. Not add. or signed oi^ endd. 



lEELAND— JAMES I, 257 



1G07. 

At the foot is the folloiving in Sir Arthur Chichester'' s 
hand : — 

" The SOth of Januarie 1607. — I praye you, the Lord Chief 
Justice, Lord Wealsh, and the Lord Chief Baron, to consider 
of the Kinges letters and the ^particulars demanded, and 
therein to give me your advice and opinion, that I raaye 
the better retourne aunsiver to his Ma*^^, as is required. — 
Aiihur ChichesterJ' 

Phi!ad. P., 34Q, Eepout of SiR James Ley and Sir Humphry Wynch. 

vol. 1 p. 224. 

Finds there is arrear of rent due to the King from Mr. 
Denny of his seignory at Michaelmas kst 4:021. 19s. 5ld. Irish. 

That there is due also for relief after the death of his father 
one year's rent, 127^. 15s. (y^d. 

There is also due a heriot upon the death of Sir Edward, 
being his best horse or beast. 

The arrears are greater than by any likelihood can be paid 
in many years out of Mr. Denny's seignory, the same lying 
much waste, and charged with the yearly rent of 127^. los. G^d. 

If distresses be taken, the tenants would quit their farms 
and leave them waste ; and therefore for the settling of the 
people upon their seignory, it is their opinion there should be 
some remittal made to Mr. Denny. 

Are against granting the arrears of the rent of the burgages 
of Tralee to any ; but think the growing rents might be 
granted, provided the levying the composition paid out of 
those burgages be not thereby hindered. 

Think he might be allowed to surrender and have a new 
grant at the old rents and services, with provision for pre- 
serving the composition of the lands. 

Signed : James Ley, H. Wynch. 

P. 1. Not add. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester : '' Con- 
cerning Mr. Dennie's business, to wh^ I have retorned aunswer 
to the Lords of the Councill, the 13tli of June 1608." 

Sept. 1, 341. Sir Richard Hansard's Advertisement to Sir Arthur 

S.P., Ireland, ChICHESTER.1 

vol. 222 126 I. 

Sir Neale O'Donel was with him when Cornet Cartwright 
delivered him his Lordship's letters, to whom he read the 
contents, and concluded with him that he should confer with 
Edmond O'Molarkie. Upon conference with him, was informed 
that a friar, called Thomas M'Edmond, was employed into 
Munster, whose endeavours were so successful that his 
travails, to use his own phrase, promised good hope of fruit to 
the benefit of the common good. Maurice Ultagh, confessor to 
O'Donel, left Spain three weeks since, landed at Cork last 
month, and came to Donegal about the 27th of the same. 
Instantly upon his arrival, the Earl of Tyrconnel being then 
in Fanad, he despatched his letters to him, with one inclosed 

' Printed in Meehan's Tyrone and Tyrconnell, pp. 133-4. 
2. R 



258 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

out of Spain to Owen Groome Magrath, a friar, who was then 

with the Earl, and to Edmond O'Molarkie ; the substance of 
his letter to the last, was only a request that he would come 
vmto him ; the contents of his former letters are yet kept 
secret. The Earl, upon receipt of his letters, sent him a horse, 
with ten pounds in money ; three pounds thereof was given 
to the friars of Donegal, to pray for the success of the business 
yet unknown. After Owen Magrath was joined to Maurice 
TJltagh, they passed both together to Dungannon, where they 
remain at this present, without expecting the company of 
Edmond, whose faith, as he (Chichester) is made to believe, is 
something suspected to all of that faction for his nearness to 
Sir Neale O'Donel. This Maurice TJltagh, to his conjecture, 
seems to be the same man of danger mentioned in his Lord- 
ship's letters, of the substance of whose employment- Sir Neale 
has faithfully promised to inform his Lordship so soon as he 
shall understand the same. 

Pp. 2. Endd. by Chichester: "This is contained in the 
letters of Sir Richard Hansard, written at the Lifforde the 
first of September 1607 and received the 6 th of the same 
about five of the clock at night. Arthur Chichester.'' 



}> 



Sept. 6. 342. Earl of Thomond to Salisbury. 

^'^022^^025^' Since he last wrote, the continual recourse from beyond 

' " ' the seas, and the continual access of priests and seminaries, 

have so infected the towns, cities, lords and lawyers of this 
province, that it is very hard to bring them to conformity. 
They will neither ]"espect His Majesty's proclamation or any 
direction that they (he and Sir Richard Morison) give them 
They have taken the best course herein that they might in 
placing some horse among them, and appointing good officers, 
especially at Clonmell and Cashell where most of the resort of 
the Jesuits and seminaries is, hoping by that means to have 
taken some of them ; but all in vain, they are so befriended 
that hardly any of them can be apprehended. But the province 
is now as quiet as ever he knew it ; not so much as any one 
man upon his keeping, and the judges have found it more quiet 
than any province in this kingdom, their superstition and 
obstinacy in religion only excepted. For his own part he never 
enlarged any of such recusants as have been committed, only 
a few whom he hopes he has brought to conformity ; and from 
them bonds are taken not to converse with any priest, semi- 
nary, or Jesuit. There come many English recusants out of 
England who do much hurt here. Wishes the undertakers 
would make a better plantation than they do ; since ever he 
knew Ireland never saw them more disorderly in this matter 
of recusancy than now. The Bishop of Lymeryck complains 
of the obstinacy of recusants in his diocese. Wishes there 
"were more such bishops, for they have bishops that will 
neither preach themselves nor keep any that will. Most of 
the recusants of this kingdom have grown more obstinate 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



259 



1607. 



since Sir Patrick Barnwall's coming over than ever he knew 
them before. There are divers gentlemen in Connaght and 
Thomond that seek to overthrow the composition agreed with 
her late Majesty, and to bring the old Irish customs afoot, but 
the composition is the best revenue His Majesty hath in this 
kingdom. Their names are one Sir John M'Nemaroe and 
Donell M'Nemaroe ; they have been before the Lord Deputy 
and Council about it, but have been rejected. Understands 
Sir John M'Nemaroe is gone over to make suit to the Council, 
and advises a refusal. This young knight hath had more 
freedoms granted by their Honours in England than any two 
knights or gentlemen in the province, and yet is not con- 
tented. — Lymeryck. 6 Sept. 

P'p. 2. Signed. Add. Endd. Sealed. 



Sept. 7. 

S.P. Ireland, 
vol. 222, 126. 



343. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Privy Council.^ 

After taking such order for the affairs of Munster, as men- 
tioned in his former despatch, he soon after went down 
towards the borders of Ulster, minding to spend the rest of 
this long vacation there, as well to attend the ordinary busi- 
ness of that province, as also further to examine and discuss 
the advertisements which formerly passed between some of 
their Lordships and him, proceeding tenderly and slowly, as 
with intemperate and desperate patients whom he coidd 
neither safely deal with nor yet abandon without imputation. 
He there prepared an ample relation for them of all such 
things as he thought specially tending to confirm the adver- 
tisements of the party known to the Earl of Salisbury by 
the cypher of A. B., laying them down at several times, as 
they came from him or any other. The Earl of Tirone came 
to him there oftentimes upon sundry artificial occasions, as 
now it appears, and by aU his discourses seemed to intend 
nothing more than the preparation for his journey into 
England against the time appointed ; only he professed to be 
much displeased with his fortune in two respects, the one, for 
that he conceived he had dealt in some sort unworthily with 
him (Chichester) as he said, in appealing from hence unto His 
Majesty and their Lordships in the cause between Sir Dounell 
O'Cahan and him ; the other, that it grieved him to be called 
upon so suddenly, when, between the strictness of time, and 
his present poverty, he was not able to furnish himself as 
became him for such a journey and for such a presence ; in all 
things else he seemed very moderate and reasonable, albeit 
he never gave over to be a general solicitor in all causes con- 
some\Sof mkie lo kerning his country and people, how criminal soever. But he 
procure Brian M'Arter (Chichester) now finds either that he has been much abused by 
liberty, the same to be some that have cunningly terrified and diverted him from 
fhf rest'VpoSfs 7n. ^0"^^^^ ^^ ^is Majesty (which, considering his nature, he can 
largement. hardly believe) or else he had within him a thousand wit- 

' Printed in Meehan's Tyrone and Tyrconnell, pp. 136-43. 

r2 



260 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

ICO'; 



'/. 



nesses testifying that he was as deeply engaged in those secret 
treasons as any of the rest'whom they knew or suspected. For 
yesterday he (Chichester) received sundry advertisements, as 
well by his own brother Sir Cormock O'Neile as from the Pri- 
mate of Ardmaghe (whose letter he sends herewith) Sir Thobie 
Calfield and sundry others, that himself and his lady, the 
Baron of Dungannon, his eldest son, and two others of his 
children, John and Brien, both under seven years old, the 
Earl of Tirconnell and his son and heir, an infant not yet of 
one year of age, his brother Caphare O'DonneJl and his son 
an infant of two years or less, with divers others of their 
nearest and trustiest servants and followers, as well men as 
women, to the number of between 30 and 40 persons, have 
taken shipping upon Friday last at Loghe Swyllie in Tir- 
connell with a purpose to go into Spain, as it is yet affirmed. 
Suddenly upon the first advertisement thereof, he went to 
Dublin the same night, and with the advice of the Council 
there took such order for the arresting of the ships and them 
if it were possible, and for the preservation of the general 
peace and quiet of the realm, as was thought meet. He 
despatched letters to the Earl of Argile, and into all ports 
and creeks of this realm to make stay of them, if by contrary 
winds and weather they should be stayed or driven upon the 
coasts ; and order was given to man out some ships or vessels 
out of Gal way and Munster, to cross them in their course that 
way, if it may be. He also wrote to Captain St. John, now 
upon the coast of Scotland with the charge of the Lion's 
Whelp, (unless he be returned thence for England) to make all 
speed after them towards the coast of Spain, and to make his 
course by the north and west parts of this realm, if he found 
himself fit. They have published a proclamation to quiet 
and secure the poor inhabitants of those countries, who were 
much perplexed with the first bruit of these news ; and a 
commission to the commanders and gentlemen, both English 
and Irish there, to attend to the preservation of the peace. 
They have this day taken divers examinations, and he 
sends them the most substantial. They have committed Sir 
Cormock O'Neile, because it appeared upon his examination, 
that, being come after the Earl his brother as far as Dunalonge, 
within five miles of Derrie and Lifier (late upon Thursday 
night), and there learning the Earl's resolution, he did not 
give notice thereof to either garrison, but concealed it until 
he was assured they were embarked and gone, himself remain- 
ing all the next day at the castle of Newton, as it should 
seem, expecting the certain news, and thereof to be the first 
messenger to him, as indeed he was. If, on the other side, he 
had advertised the garrisons, they might easily have prevented 
all this ; for the Baron of Dunganon came to the Derrie upon 
Friday the morrow after, where he bought bread and other 
necessaries to entertain his father (that was then at Newtonne) 
as he there gave it out ; all which he carried directly to the rest 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 261 



1G07. 



of the company at Loghswyllie, where presently after tliey 
all took shipping. Sir Cormocke is the only man now left in 
this kingdom who is in reversion of the earldom ; after him 
in remainder is his son Arte Oge O'Neile, who is likewise 
gone away with the Earl. Before them both and next to 
the Earl, are his two eldest sons the Baron of Dunganon 
and Harry O'Neile, now with the Archduke ; the rest of the 
Earl's sons by this Countess, who are three, are not included 
in the grant. Has given warrant likewise to Sir Thobie 
Calfield to make search for Con O'Neile, one of the EarFs 
children, among his fosterers in Tirone, and to take him into 
his safe custody. This child was by accident left behind, 
for the Earl sought him diligently, but as he was overtaken 
with shortness of time, and as the people of those parts follow 
their creates (as they call them) in solitary places and 
where they best like their pastures (after the manner of 
the Tartars), they are not therefore always readily to be 
found. Has caused warders to be placed in the castle 
of Dungannon, Newtowne, and the fort of Dunalonge, the 
principal places belonging to the Earl of Tirone. The like 
course shall be taken in Dunagall and Ashero, the only two 
places of importance that appertain to the Earl of Tirconnell. 
Has also given order for the examining of Bartholomew 
Owen, and all such as for their inwardness with the Earl may 
Geem to know or guess at the reason of his sudden departure ; 
as also to examine and certify what violence or outrage 
hath been committed by them upon any of the King's sub- 
jects before they took shipping, as he is informed they have 
done. This is the most of what he has done for the })resent. 
And now beseeches them to hold them excused, if they 
could not foresee and prevent this unlooked for accident, 
which was by some of the fugitives long since thought upon 
and resolved, as formerly he has advertised to some of them ; 
and to believe that such secret practices by a people wholly 
alienated from them, can hardly be frustrated here in these 
desolate countries, being out of all trade and frequentation 
of people, and suddenly undertaken by persons of their 
qualities, and within their own lands where every one is a 
roytelet,^ having (by long custom and His Majesty's indul- 
gence), the whole dependance and service of the subjects at 
their devotion. Confesses he could never suspect the Earl of 
Tyrone of so disloyal and shallow intention as this, con- 
sidering his fortune, years and experience, besides his great 
oblio-ations to the Kino-. Moreover, was well assured he 
could never be touched with any of these delations now on 
foot, except it were by the Earl of Tirconnell himself, Henry 
O'Hagan, or some priest, which he intended to discover, if it 
were possible, upon the apprehension of Tirconnell. This he 
intended to eff'ect within these three days, if he had come 
this way to fetch down the Countess his wife, as was expected 

^ Boitelet, a petty king. 



262 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

and given out by himself. Suggests that these late oc- 
currences are providential, to enable His Majesty to repair 
the error committed in making these men proprietary lords 
of so large territories without regard of the poor freeholders' 
rights, or of His Majesty's service and the Commonwealth's, 
that are so much interested in the honest liberty of that sort 
of men. Suggests as a matter requiring the speedy investi- 
gation of the King's Privy Council, whether the Earls have 
left their country on invitations from Spain, or through fears 
of their own. If they were invited into Spain, then may it 
be presumed the same was accepted upon assurance of means 
to prosecute some dangerous designs upon their return. If 
otherwise, and that they departed upon knowledge or ap- 
prehension only, that their treasons were discovered, then is 
the matter of no great moment ; for it may be hoped they 
may rather be consumed there with want and discontent, than 
think that the King of Spain will entertain rebels in such 
sort against the King, as to break the league which of late he 
so carefuUy sought and embraced. His Majesty and the 
Council must therefore employ many eyes and ears to under- 
stand for which of these considerations they went away, and 
accordingly to determine of the affairs of this realm, which 
now is in very weak state to defend herself against any 
sudden attempt of an enemy ; for few of the inhabitants are 
well affected, and their forces are so thin that they will not be 
able to draw together above 300 foot and 200 horse into any 
one place in 14 days' space. Besides the new wards that 
must be put into the Earl's places, which he formerly named, 
will make their forces on that side very thin. 

Complains of the want of treasure to pay the arrear due to 
the servitors here. Reminds his Lordship how often he has 
urged the repairing and finishing of some of the forts here ; and 
suggests that the fort of Gal way on account of its great impor- 
tance, shall have 1,500L laid out upon it. Urges the hastening 
over of the President of Munster, which requires a person of 
no less virtue and abilities than him whom His Majesty has 
already designed ; and the inhabitants, as he is informed, 
greatly approve and desire in regard of their knowledge or 
hope of his temper and worth. Sends his letters by Sir 
Oliver Lambert, who was ready to come over upon his own 
occasions at the time of these news, and has been ever 
since stayed by contrary winds, which has given him time to 
write more than otherwise he would have done, and to im- 
part many other particulars unto him, to be related by him- 
self, being otherwise too long, and not apt to be contrived 
into a letter. 
Pp. 8, Signed. Endd. 

Sept. 8, 344. Lords of Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. 
vol. 3, p. 195. Being at length resolved that the trial of Captain Coward 

for piracy, cannot be held in Ireland, they request he may 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 263 



1607. 

be seut over with some five or six of the chiefest of his 
company, to be delivered to the Mayor of Bristol, there to be 
imprisoned until they shall give order for further proceeding 
therein, — Windsor, 8 September 1607. 

Signed : E. Worcester, Nottingham, T. Sufiblke, H. North- 
ampton, Salisbury. 

Sept. 7. 345. Proclamation of Lord Deputy and Council. 

mbeSiS!' ^^ ^^^^^® ^^^ inhabitants of Tyrone and TyrconneU that 

P. O. K., Dublin. they will not be disturbed in the peaceable possession of their 

lands so long as they demean themselves as dutiful subjects, 
notwithstanding the sudden departure of the Earls of Tyrone 
and Tyrconnell, who, with Hugh Baron of Dungannon, Caffer 
Oge O'Donnel, brother to the Earl of Tyrconnell, and Arte 
Oge O'Neale, nephew to the Earl of Tyrone, having taken 
with them the Countess of Tyrone and two of the youngest 
sons of the Earl of Tjrrone and the son and heir apparent of 
the Earl of Tyrconnell, being an infant of the age of one year 
or thereabouts, with their servants and followers, have lately 
. embarked at Lough S willy, and are secretly departed out of 
the realm without licence. 

And that the King has appointed commissioners, as well 
English as Irish, residing in the several countries, to protect 
them, as being now under his immediate protection, and to 
administer justice, instead of the said Earls, to whom he had 
formerly committed the government thereof. — Rathfarnam, 
7 September 1607. 

Signed: Thomas Dublin, Cane, George Derrien, Thomas 
Eidgeway, Jas. Ley, H. Winch, Anth. Sentleger, Oliver 
St. John, Henry Harrington, Oliver Lambert, Geoffrey Fenton, 
Rich. Cooke. 

Enrol. Pat. Roll. IQth James I. 

Sept. 7. 346. Commission to the Lord Primate and others for the 

Acta Regia GOVERNMENT of TYRONE, TYRCONNELL, and ARMAGH. 

P. o. R., Dublin. Appointing the Archbishop of Armagh, George, Bishop of 

Derry and Clogher and Raphoe, Sir Henry FoUiott, governor 
of Ballyshannon, Sir Neale O'Donell, Sir Cahir O'Doherty, 
Sir Toby Caulfeild, Sir Tirlagh M'Henrie O'NeU, Sir Francis 
Roe, Sir Henry Oge O'Neil, Sir Richard Hansard, sheriff of 
the county of Donegal, Sir Thomas Phillips, Sir George 
Powlett, governor of the city of Derry, Sir Donell O'Cahane, 
Captain Henry Adderton, Captain Edmund Leigh, sheriff of 
the county of Tyrone, Captain John Vaughan, and Marma- 
duke Whitchurch, sheriff of the county of Armagh, because of 
the flight of the Earls of Tyrone and Tyrconell to be Com- 
missioners, whereof the Lord Primate, the Bishop of Derry, 
Sir Henry Folliott, Sir Toby Caulfeild, Sir Francis Roe, Sir 
Richard Hansard, Sir Thomas Phillips, Sir George Powlett, 
Captain Henry Adderton, Captain Edmund Leigh, Captain 
John Vaughan, or Marmaduke Whitchurch to be always two 
to hear by the oaths of lawful men and all other lawful means 



264 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

whatsover, and to determine all riots, unlawful assemblies, 
and breaches of the peace, and all other misdemeanors 
attempted or committed within the counties of Tirone and 
Tyrconnell and Armagh ; to arrest and imprison : Also to 
hear and determine all controversies between the Kiner's sub- 
jects in any of said counties. And all mayors, sheriffs, and 
other officers are to be aiding and assisting. — At Dublin, 7th 
of September, 5th year of the reign. Fer breve de privato 
sigillo. 

Enrolled. Pat Roll. 5th James I. 

Sept. 8. 347. Sm Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. 

voT 2^^'>^^l28' "^^^ letters to the Lords and the other papers contained in 

this packet will discover the sudden departure of the Earls of 
Tyrone and Tyrconnell for Spain as is conceived ; by this 
proceeds to give what he has drawn from A. B., and what he 
(Cliichester) conceives of this accident. By the enclosed, 
drawn out of sundry discourses had with him, Salisbury may 
perceive he had no other ground from him (nor any other 
until it was too late) to lay hands on any of the conspirators, 
but his bare accusation. Excuses himself from any supposed 

Delvin 

neglect in not arresting the Earl of Tyrconnel or C. D. 
Salisbury's own directions were in hmc verba, " You shall so 
weigh all circumstances that light or weak proofs, grounded 
upon reports from second or third hands, may not engage His 
Majesty into any open action against these supposed prac- 
tices without such proofs as when they should be called in 
question, might become scandalous to His Majesty's princely 
justice ;" and, seeing that he could not bring a second person 
to justify the accusation nor would appear himself to be 
the discoverer, and that the King, upon his humble suit, pro- 

Delvin 

mised to pardon the offence of C. D., he should have trans- 
gressed if he had committed either of them. The depar- 
ture of these men has now assured him that much of what 
he (C. D.) has said is true, and probably all ; wherefore he has 
given direction for the apprehension of L. M. N, 0., and one 
Murra M'Mure O'Flahartie of Connaght, who, he understands, 
are deepest in the business ; prays directions what to do with 
the rest, A. B. himself, and such others as he has or shall 
name to him. They shall never discover the depth of this 
treason, but upon examinations of the parties accused. A. B. 

Delvin 

persuades him he will bring C. D. to discover the whole ; if 
he do so, it will be well; but he is greatly jealous of him, and 
that he had some workings in these men's sudden departure ; 
for he has, by putting buzzes in the head of the Earl of 
Tyrone since his arrival, telling him that the King said once 
to Sir Patrick Murrie, on his saying he was an honest man, 
" Patrick, I pray God he prove so," and willed him to be well 
provided of money to make friends when he came over, for he 



IRELAND — JAMES I. 265 



1007. 



liad now but few there. This much by his own confession. 
He seems now to be much grieved with those men's departure, 
thinking his discovery is made known to his disgrace, but that 
which troubles him most is, that his Lordship had not given 
him more credit at the first, but made slight of his discoveries. 
In all this has given him good satisfaction, but finds it high 
time to look to themselves ; for, as he has often told him, they 
are bought and sold, and though he carries a good face, yet he 
thinks the kingdom has not been in like danger these 200 
years ; therefore it behoves those who sit at the helm to have 
care of them, for here they have but a few friends, and no 
means to gain more. It is high time to despatch away the 
two presidents of Munster and Connaght, and to fortify the 
towns and places of most advantage ; for if they went hence, 
as sent for by the King of Spain, which is the vulgar opinion 
here (albeit he has many reasons to think the contrary) then 
their return will be shortly ; if freighted with their own 
guilt of conscience, then shall they have time to arm to receive 
them. Beseeches him to procure him the King's allowance to 
employ two or three men (such as he may trust) into Spain, 
or where these fugitives are to be found, and doubts not to 
to have good intelligence what was the cause of their depar- 
ture, and wliat they wish and intend. Has permitted Sir 
Oliver Lambert to pass thither to him, as he intended before 
these news came unto them. Has acquainted him with his 
intentions, and beseeches him to give him a speedy despatch ; 
for, if there be innovation or other troubles here by reason of 
these men's departure, or upon their return, he will be his best 
assistant. If he can keep all things upright for the present, 
then these men's departures may prove profitable for the 
Commonwealth. 

A. B. hath propounded to have a troop of horse for him- 

Delvin. 

self and another for C. D. Suggests the raising of 100 or 50 
horse more at least, part of which may be well bestowed upon 
Sir Oliver Lambert and other some upon Sir Garrett Moore, 
who will soon raise them and keep them ready for the service ; 
so will A. B., if he (Salisbury) be pleased therewith. He 
expects great rewards for this discovery, and surely it is a 
matter of great moment, and, howsoever his lightness and in- 
constancy may otherwise blemish him, persuades him that the 
King will be gracious unto him when the depth is discovered, 
and the corrupt members cut off". 

Suggests that the companies of foot be reinforced and made 
150, or 100 at least, for their captains, being men of extra- 
ordinary rank and quality, cannot fight upon the head of 
40 or 50 men with any grace and safety ; neither has the 
like been seen in any wars in their time. If it be thought 
fit to raise new companies, beseeches him to think of the 
captains of this kingdom who attend here to be employed 
upon such occasions, and are best worthy of employment here 
of any that have followed the wars. 



266 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

Commits the rest to this gentleman's relation, and humbly 
prays him to excuse his imperfect writing at this time. — • 
Rafarnam, 8 Sept. 1607. 

Pp. 4. Signed. Endd. 

S.P., Ireland, 348. BRIEF COLLECTIONS FROM DISCOURSES OF A. B. 

' ' Duplicate of No. 336, with the following additional 

paragraph : 

Lo. of Hoth 

14. When A. B. understood from him that the Earls were 
gone he said their hasty departure assured him that they had 
notice from England, Spain, or the Low Countries that their 
treasons were discovered ; for howsoever Tyroune might slip 
away rather than he would venture into England, he is well 
assured Tyrconell meant no such matter when he conferred 
last with him. This is the 8th Sept. 1607. 

Signed : Arthur Chichester. 

Pp. 6. Endd. : " A brief of what hath passed in discourse 
with A. B. 1607." 

S.P., Ireland, 349, NECESSARY PoiNTS for the CONSIDERATION of the LORDS 

vol. 222, 128 A. Qj, ^gj. Council. 

The seizing of the countries of the fugitive Earls. 

That Tiron, Tirconnell, Fermanagh, and the Cavan may be 
disposed of to freeholders of that nation, some reasonable 
quantities of lands to be reserved for some good servitors and 
other faithful English in every barony. 

That Waterford, Cork, Limerick, and Kinsale, with the 
fort and town of Galloway be strengthened with more men, 
and that the weakness of the Derry and Balshannon be 
enabled with more men. 

Calbegg [Killybegs] to be thought on. 

Knocfarg-us to be fortified ; for if the small forts and the 
Derry be gotten from them (which they cannot warrant against 
a foreign enemy, although with small supplies defensible 
enough against the Irish), there will be no place in Ulster to 
give opposition but this town, one of the ancientest and best 
affected in Ireland, ever true to the Crown, and all the inha- 
bitants Protestants. 

Duncannon and Halboling to be repaired. 

That the pay of horse and foot be increased to English, for 
no horseman on service can maintain himself, two horses, and 
a boy, at 9 c?. a day. 

That the companies be made 100 at least, to the number of 
800 increase. 

That the least may be increased a 100 horse. 

Pp. 2. 

S.P., Ireland, 350. LORD DEPUTY AND COUNCIL to PrIVY C0UNCIL.1 

vol. 222 129. 

Understand for certain that the Earl of Tyrone and his 
wife, the Baron of Dungannon, his son, two other of his sons, 

^ Printed in Meehan's Tvrone and Tvrconnell, nn. 143-6. 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 267 



1607. 



named Shane and Brian, with some of his followers and 
trustiest servants, as also the Earl of Tyrconnel and his 
young son, the Baron of Donegal, the Earl's brother, Caffar 
O'Donel, and his son, with some few of their servants and 
followers, did ship themselves in a French ship, about the 
burden of threescore tons, and on Friday morning, being the 
14th hereof, set sail for Spain. The first that brought us 
news hereof, was Sir Cormac M'Baron, the Earl of T3rrone's 
brother, and Sir Toby Caulfield. Sir Cormac affirms that he 
was sent for to have gone with them, when first they did take 
shipping, which he refused letting them know that he would 
inform the State thereof ; but sure it is that they have taken 
his eldest son with them, which gives great cause to suspect 
that he is not unacquainted witli their purpose. His coming- 
hither was on Sunday night late ; and on Monday morning, 
while they were together in council, Captain Leigh came to 
them from the Derry, confirmed what Sir Cormac had re- 
ported, and showed us probably that the barque they went in 
was provided by a merchant of Tredagh (Drogheda), named 
John Bath, and laid ready for them at Lough S willy, under 
pretence of fishing on the coast, which made the same un- 
suspected, and the rather for that Tyrone gave out that he 
was providing to go for England, and his son, the Baron of 
Dungannon, about a match into Scotland. Upon this 
certainty they directed the officers nearest the sea coast to stay 
them, if by storm or contrary winds they should be beaten 
into any place, or to man out barks after them if the wind 
favoured, for which purpose also the King's ship has direc- 
tions ; and further, to keep their people in quiet by all the 
means they can devise. For those people being apt to think 
that the oflfences of their Lords are punishable on them, how 
innocent soever, were likely to run into disorder, and to re- 
move their fears they have commissioners to assure them by 
proclamation of His Majesty's gracious disposition towards 
them so long as they continue loyal, and that by this course 
they may live more happily than ever before. In the mean- 
time they have to add that though Tyrconnel has given 
former causes of suspicion, which the Deputy got light of, 
and so signified thither, yet Tyrone hath carried himself so 
warily as they could not reasonably suspect him ; and on the 
other side they have dealt so tenderly with him as they have 
rather erred in bearing over much with him, so as they cannot 
so much as guess why he should run into this desperate 
course, unless out of fear, grounded upon guilt of conscience, 
that some practices of his, which they did not so much as 
dream of, were discovered there in England, which, at his 
coming thither, he should hear of; for it is observed here by 
some that knew him best, that since he received His Majesty's 
letter for his repair thither, he did lose his former cheerful- 
ness, and grew often exceeding pensive. This matter is of 
much consequence, as we cannot be sufficiently provident for 



268 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1G07. 

the sequel ; and, thei-efore, we must humbly recommend tlie 
same unto your Lordships, who best knowing what these men 
may expect from Spain, on whom, no doubt, they wholly do 
depend, can best judge and prevent what seems most to 
threaten them. Their wants, especially of money are so 
known unto them, that they will at this time be no further 
troublesome than to remind them. — Rathfarnham, 9 September. 
] 607. 

Signed: Arthur Chichester, Tho. Dublin, Cane, Geo. 
Derrie, &c., Th. Ridge way, James Ley, Humfrey Wynche, 
Anth. Sentleger, 01. St. John, 01. Lambert, A. T. Loftus, Jeff. 
Fenton, Ri. Cooke. 
Pjj. 3. Add. Endd. • 

Sept. 9. 351. Sir Geoffrey Fenton to Salisbury.i 

v'^.'aS^lao'. "^^^ J°^"* letters now sent declai-e at length the sudden 

stealing away of the two earls, Tyrone and Tyrconnel, with 
so much as is as yet come to knowledge. Their embarking in 
a French ship prepared before for Spain, makes him think 
that they are gone for Spain ; but what are their ends must 
be wrought out by time. 

Yet their carrying with them wife and children cannot but 
pretend a wicked purpose, to solicit fresh plots to the King of 
Spain and the Pope, for invading this realm eftsoons, with 
their joint forces ; and for the more affirmation of the plot, 
they have brought their children, to be left as pledges in the 
hands of such as those prices shall nominate. 

It is likely they will make their first overtures to the 
King of Spain, and afterwards draw up to Rome, to sound 
the Pope, from whom Tyrone hath of late received letters of 
much grace and favour, with desire to see his person, as one 
that hath defended the Catholic cause, and therefore to be 
cherished as a dear son of that church. Thinks they will 
specially labour for a legate to be sent into Ireland, which will 
not a little countenance the Romish religion, and if a legate 
do come it is easy to foresee how dangerously this state may 
be altered by such an authority. 

Suggests the employment of intelligencers. And now lias 
only to put him in mind what a door is opened to the King, 
not only to pull down for ever these two proud houses of 
O'Neill and O'Donel, but also to bring in colonies of the 
English to plant both countries, to a great increase of His 
Majesty's revenues, and to settle the countries perpetually in 
the Crown ; besides, that many well-deserving servitors may 
be recompensed in the distribution without charge to His 
Majesty. 

If such be His Majesty's pleasure, the sooner he shall send 
liither his resolution the sooner they shall enter into the 
business, to work ifc to His Majesty's avail by a due course 

> Printed iu Meehan's Tyrone and Tyrconnell, pp. 2C0-1. 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 269 



]G07. 

of proceeding prescribed by the laws and customs of this 

realm. 

The consideration whereof he submits, &c. 

In great haste, at Dublin, 9th September 1607. 

Pp. 2. Scaled. Add. Endd. 

Sept. 10. 352. Sm Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. 

S.r., Ireland, rp|-^g ^jq^ jjath stayed the passage of the packet which he 

intended, and hath brought him a despatch of his made at 
Salisbury and Basing on the 27tli and 29th of the last month, 
by which he finds to his unspeakable comfort His Majesty's 
acceptance of his poor endeavours in his service. In one, has 
desired to be informed what the now President of Munster 
lacks of the entertainment the late President had, and 
whether Sir Tho. Norris had that which his successors had 
before the army grew to be so great. 

His Lordship will have what Sir H. Brouncker had, if the 
King give him the troop of horse not yet disposed of, except 
the 50 foot transferred to Mr. Treasurer. Sir Tho. Norris had 
ever foot and horse over and above those belonging to the 
Presidency ; but though some of the former Presidents had 
horse only, knows it meet for the President's safety and 
honour that a company of foot and horse be assigned unto 
him ; and as the late President's foot are so given away as 
not to be recalled without offence to the Treasurer, suggests 
that Sir Charles Wylmote, who is there, and not unwilling to 
part with his company, be dealt with. 

Word is brought him that Lord of Howth has provided a 
boat at the key of Howth with six young and lusty fellows 
in her, very secretly, for what purpose the parties that told 
him cannot imagine. Has sent for him and given order to 
have the party taken whom he intended to send in her, if 
possible. The old Countess of Kildare lies now at his house, 
together with the Lady Dowager of Delvin and her children, 
to whom many priests do resort, which he must wink at, by 
reason he pretends to make use of them for the service he has 
undertaken. He will, by these and the former, know as 
much as he understands in these matters. Wishes for direc- 
tions, for he protests he is doubtful of him, and knows not 
whom to trust of this nation. — Rathfarnam, near Dublin, 10 
September 1607. 
Pp. 2. Signed. Endd. 

Sept. 11. 353. Lord Chancellor to Salisbury. 

vn^* 9^9^^i39' Excuscs himsclf with many apologies, after his promise not 

to stay the Auditor Goston's grant ; but finds such a differ- 
ence between His Majesty's letter and the fiant and patent 
offered to be sealed, that he must humbly entreat him to hold 
him excused for a short delay of time. — Talagh, 11 September 
1607. 

P. 1. Signed. Add. Seeded. £'?ic^cZ, ;" Expresses thanks 
for favours to Sir Adaih Loftus." 



vol. 222, 132. 



270 IRELAND—JAMES I. 



1607. 
Sept. 12. 354. Sm John Davys to Salisbury. 

^'T 222^'m' Though his Lordship has received advertisement at large 

' ' from the Deputy and Council of the departure of the Earls 

of Tyrone and Tyrconnell, conceives he will accept in 
good part divers relations thereof, and sundry men's notes 
and observations thereupon ; and troubles him at this time, 
because this flight of the Earls crosses his coming over this 
next term, by interrupting the business he should have been 
employed in. 

For the accident, doubtless, it is true that they are em- 
barked and gone with the most part of that company of men, 
women, and children, who are named in the proclamation ; 
it is true they took shipping the 14th of this present Sep- 
tember ; that the Saturday before the Earl of Tyrone was 
with my Lord Deputy at Slane, where he had speech with 
his Lordship of his journey into England ; told him he would 
be there about the beginning of Michaelmas terra, according 
to His Majesty's directions ; that he took his leave of the 
Lord Deputy in a more sad and passionate manner than he 
used at other times ; that from thence he went to Mellifont, 
Sir Garret Moore's house, where he wept abundantly when he 
took his leave, giving a solemn farewell to every child and 
every servant in the house, which made them all marvel, 
because it was not his manner to use such compliments. 

From thence, on Sunday, he went to Dundalk ; on Monday 
he went to Dungannon, where he rested two whole days ; on 
Wednesday night, they say, he travelled all night with his im- 
pediments, that is, his women and children ; and it is like- 
wise reported that the Countess, his wife, being exceedingly 
weary, slipped down from her horse, and, weeping, said she 
could go no farther ; whereupon the Earl drew his sword, 
and swore a great oath that he would kill her in the place, if 
she would not pass on with him, and put on a more cheerful 
countenance withal. 

Yet, the next day, when he came near Lough Foyle, his 
passage that way was not so secret but the governor there 
had notice thereof, and invited him and his son to dinner ; 
but their haste was such that they accepted not that courtesy, 
but they went on, and came that Thursday night to Eath- 
mullan, a town on the west side of Lough Swilly, where the 
Earl of Tyrconnel and liis company met him. 

There they took some beeves from one Francis Whyte, an 
Englishman, and killed them for their provision. There the 
Earl of Tyrconnel sent for the foster-father of his brother 
Caffar O'Donel's son, willing him to bring the child with him. 
He presently repaired with the child towards the place where 
the Earls lodged, but being met by the way by the Baron of 
Dungannon and Caffar O'Donel himself, they took the infant 
violently from him, which terrified the foster-father, so that he 
escaped by the swiftness of his horse, their horses being tired 
with travelling. 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 271 



1607. 



Of this child they have a blind and superstitious prophecy, 
because he was born with six toes upon one foot; for they 
affirm that one of their saints of Tyrconnel hath prophesied 
that when such a one, being of the sept of O'Donel, shall be 
born, he shall drive all the Englishmen out of Ireland. 

But now the great question is, whither those travellers 
have directed their course. The common voice and opinion 
is that they are gone into Spain. The reasons and presump- 
tions are these : — 

First, Sir Cormac M'Baron O'Neill, the Earl of Tyrone's 
brother, brought the first news of their departure, and re- 
ported that the Earl his brother sent one O'Hagan unto him, 
who persuaded him to accompany his brother into Spain, but 
he would not be moved by his persuasion, but presently made 
his repair to the State, to acquaint the Lord Deputy with this 
accident ; howbeit it was noted that Sir Cormac had his 
private end in this, for withal he was an earnest suitor to have 
the custodiam of his brother's country, which, perhaps, might 
be to his brother's use by agreement betwixt them ; and, 
therefore, for this and other causes of suspicion, the constable 
of the Castle of Dublin has the custodiam of him. 

Next it is said, that M'Guire, who hath been lately in 
Spain, came in the ship wherein they are embarked, disguised 
like a mariner; and that Florence O'Mulconnor, the Pope's 
titulary Bishop of Tuam, and a pensioner of Spain, came also 
in that ship from the coast of Flanders. If this be true, it is 
to be presumed that these men brought some message out of 
Spain, whereby the Earls are invited to come thither. 

Again, the Earl of Tyrconnel hath no license nor other 
pretence to go into Scotland or to England, but hath been 
noted of late for his extreme discontentment, and suspected 
for some treasonable practices, so that he hath no place to 
direct his course into but Spain, which receives all the 
discontented persons of this kingdom. 

Again, it is certain that Tyrone, in his heart, repines at 
the English Government in his country, where, until his last 
submission, as well before his rebellion as in the time of his 
rebellion, he ever lived like a free prince, or rather like an 
absolute tyrant there. But now the law of England, and 
the ministers thereof, were shackles and handlocks unto him, 
and the garrisons planted in his country were as pricks in his 
side ; besides, to evict any part of that land from him, which 
he has heretofore held after the Irish manner, making all the 
tenants thereof his villeins — though the truth be, that for one 
moiety of his country, at least, he was either a disseisor of the 
Bishops of Armagh and Cloghei', or an intruder upon the 
King's possession ; for the Irish Lords, in all ages, have 
preyed more upon land than upon cows, and were prcedones 
terrarum, as the poet speaks of Alexander the Great — this 
was as grievous unto him as to pinch away the quick flesh 
from his body. 



272 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

Those things, doubtless, have bred discontentment in him : 
and now his age and his burthened conscience, which no 
absolution can make altogether clear, have of late much in- 
creased his melancholy, so that he was grown very pensive 
and passionate ; and the friars and priests perceiving it, have 
wrought nightly upon his passion. Therefore it may be he 
has hearkened unto some project of treason, which he fears 
is discovered, and that fear has transported into Spain. For 
it has been told my Lord Deputy, that as he now passed 
through his country, he said to some of his followers, that 
if he went into England he should either be perpetual pri- 
soner^ in the Tower, or else lose his head and his members, 
meaning, as it seems, he should have the judgment of a 
traitor ; but he (Sir John) thinks the primary and highest 
cause of his departure to be the divine justice, which will 
not suffer to go down to his grave in peace one who has 
been the cause of so much trouble and bloodshed in this 
kingdom. 

These are the arguments of their departure into Spain. 

On the other side, others have been of opinion that they are 
gone into Scotland, for which they make this reason : — 

It has been confidently reported all this summer that 
Sir Randal M'Sorley, who has married the Earl of Tyrone's 
daughter, and has good alliance and acquaintance in Scot- 
land, has, for the space of four or five months past, been 
treating with the Earl of Argyle for a marriage between 
the Baron of Dungannon and the Earl of Argyle's daughter ; 
that they descended to articles of agreement, which were 
transmitted to the Earl of Tyrone, and he liked well thereof. 
It was likewise said that the Earl of Tyrone intended this 
summer to see the consummation of the marriage. 

There is not any Irishman in the north that has not heard 
of this intended match, for the common news amongst them 
was, that Mac O'Neale should marry the daughter of M'Kallym 
[MacCallum], for so the Scottish-Irish call the Earl of 
Argyle. In the meantime the Earl of Tyrone is sent for into 
England to receive order in the cause between him and 
O'Cahan, or rather betwixt him and the King's Majesty, 
touching the title of O'Oahan's Country ; and he is directed 
by the King's letters to attend at court about the beginning 
of Michaelmas term. The Lord Deputy gives him notice of 
His Majesty's pleasure, and wills him to prepare himself 
for that journey. Accordingly he levies moneys among his 
tenants to defray his charges in England ; repairs to the 
Lord Deputy, takes his leave solemnly, and returns into 
Tyrone, From thence, say they, it is likely he resolved to 
pass into England through Scotland, and to conclude the 
marriage by the way, because he wrote an express letter 
to his son, which letter is since come to the hands of the 
Lord Deputy, willing him to prepare and furnish himseli 
with apparel fit for that occasion. He takes in his com- 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 273 



1607. 



pany the Earl of Tyrconnel and Ijis brother, both uncles 
to the Baron of Dungannon, and Sir Nial Garve O'Donel's 
wife, his aunt ; for O'Donel's sister was mother to the baron. 
These, with the Countess of Tyrone, and the Earl of Tyrone's 
principal followers, are likely persons to be present at the 



marriaQ;e, 



Upon all this matter some have collected a probable pre- 
sumption that he is gone into Sootland, 

Again, they make arguments concluding negatively that he 
is not gone into Spain. 

First, because he has reported often since he was received 
to grace, that during his late rebellion, the King of Spain 
made plain demonstration that he held but a contemptible 
opinion of him. " For," said he, " when we expected a royal 
aid from him, and great store of crowns to supply our wants, 
the priests and friars that came unto us brought hallowed 
beads and poor counterfeit jewels, as if we had been petty 
Indian kings that would be pleased with threepenny knives 
and chains of glass, and the like beggarly presents." 

Again, he has ever been noted to be subtle, fox-like, and 
craftily wise in his kind ; and, therefore, it were strange that 
he should quit an earldom and so large and beneficial a 
territory, for smoke and castles in the air, and that, being 
possessed of a country quietl}^, he should leave the possession 
to try if he could win it again by force. 

Lastly, he has carried with him a train of barbarous men, 
women, and children to the number of 50 or 60 persons. If 
he means to make them appear like persons of good quality, 
they will presently spend all his Allhallowtide rent, which he 
hath taken up by way of anticipation ; but if he shall carry 
them through the country in the fashion and habit wherein 
now they are, doubtless they will be taken for a company 
of gipsies, and be exceedingly scorned and despised by that 
proud nation. As for himself, minuet prcesentia famam, 
when the formal Spanish courtier shall note his heavy aspect 
and blunt behaviour, so that they will hardly believe he 
is the same O'Neill who maintained so long a war against 
the crown of England. Therefore, if he be gone into Spain 
the first news of him will be either that he is a shorn monk 
or dead with extreme grief and melancholy. 

As for the Earl of Tyrconnel, he will appear to be so vain a 
person that they will scarce give him means to live, if the Earl 
of Tyrone do not countenance and maintain him. 

As for them that are here, they are glad to see the day wherein 
the countenance and majesty of the law and civil government 
hath banished Tyrone out of Ireland, which the best army in 
Europe and the expense of two millions of sterling pounds did 
not bring to j^ass. And they hope His Majesty's happy govern- 
ment will work a greater miracle in this kingdom than ever 
St. Patrick did, for St. Patrick only banished the poisonous 
worms, but suffered the men full of poison to inhabit the land 

2. S 



274 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

still ; but His Majesty's blessed genius will banish all those 
generations of vipers out of it, and make it, ere it be long, a 
right fortunate island. 

This is his (Sir John's) poor and weak conjecture touching 
this accident which he humbly submits to his Lordship's 
judgment. 

P.S. — The sudden departure of Sir Oliver Lambert prevented 
the transmitting of these letters, but he will not fail to be quicker 
in his next advertisements. Since his departure. Sir Thomas 
Bourke, the Earl of Clanricard's brother, is committed to the 
castle of Dublin. The cause of his restraint being a matter of 
state his Lordship will understand from the State otherwise. 
There is no alteration of the course of things in the kingdom. 
They have (God be blessed) peace and quiet everywhere, and 
in the north itself they hear that the Earl's tenants and neigh- 
bours seem to be glad of their departure, and hope hence- 
forth to be free from their oppression and tyranny. Since 
the date of these letters, he was commanded by the Lord 
Deputy and Council to draw an instrument of association 
to be subscribed and sworn unto by the noblemen and gentle- 
men of this kingdom. It is drawn in such a form that he can 
dare affirm confidently no man would have refused to swear and 
subscribe unto it ; but some doubt being conceived by some of 
the council that it might be refused in respect of the novelty, 
the Lord Deputy hath thought fit first to transmit to his Lord- 
ship, and therefore forbears to trouble him with a copy thereof. 
—Dublin, 12 Sept. 1607. 

Pp. 8. Signed. Endd. 

S.P., Ireland, 355. Sir JqhN DAVYS tO SALISBURY. 

Copy of the above, except the postscript. 
Pp. 5. Endd. : " Copy of a letter out of Ireland touching 
Teron." 

Sept. 1.5. 356. Sir Geoffrey Fenton to Salisbury. 

wf 222^^136* Reminds him of the dangers to be apprehended by the 

' ' Irish regiment in the Low Countries under the command of 

Tirone's son, and that the mischief is now near the breaking 
out by the hasty departure of the two Earls. That regiment 
has been long in his eye as a cloud hanging in the sky, pre- 
pared to break forth upon this realm upon the first ofi'er 
of a fit time. And now is the opportunity, by this tumul- 
tuary going away of the two EarLs, to whom are too well known 
the small army in the realm, the little truth to be reposed in 
the natives, the great store of corn, cattle, and all other kinds 
of victuals . throughout the kingdom, and lastly, the season 
of the year fit for the purpose. Besides it is thought here 
that the Earls took their course along the north coast of 
Scotland, with intention to fall in with some part of the Low 
Countries under the rule of the Archduke ; and if so, it is pro- 
bable that their first endeavours will be to thrust over that 



IRELAND-— JAMES I. 275 



1607. 

Irish regiment hither, to begin a stir before winter, till further 
forces may be sent in the spring to raise great alterations. 
Suggests additional forces. — Dublin, 15 Sept. 1607. 
Pp. 2. Signed. Add. Endd. Sealed. 

Sept. 16. 357. The King to the Lord Deputy. 

^'^'s^pt-^e.''^' ^^^^^T^ to the Lord Deputy for grant to Wm. Bruncard, son 

of Sir Hen. Bruncard, late President of Munster, of lands 
of the yearly value of 60?. English, over and above the 
value of 31 Z. 7s. *J\d. already passed to the said Sir Henry. 

Sept. 17. 358. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Privy Council. 

vol 222^ m ' Gives his view of the present state of the country since the 

flight of the Earls. Finds that the well-afFected or wealthy 
are fearful of war; that the idle and lazy, who are far the 
most numerous, hope for stirs and alterations ;that some of 
better note so encourage this latter sort that they already 
presume by small parties to infest their neighbours, and that 
the conspirators (who no doubt are very many, and those 
not of the meaner sort) are extremely jealous and suspicious 
one of another. In these diflBculties, tries to do his duty, 
but is restrained by want of money, which is the head, 
feet, and nerves of such an action. Knows not whether it 
proceed of want, of good affection, or otherwise, but during 
six or seven days they have earnestly laboured with 
this city of Dublin to lend them 2,000?. but for a small time, 
and yet cannot get it, all men excusing themselves by pro- 
testing they have it not. That there is a tempest towards 
them the Council may perceive by a copy of a letter enclosed ; — 
a writing that he has long heard of and sought after but could 
never obtain till now (that he has used an extraordinary 
means for it), the treacherous priests kept it so close. Therein 
they may understand their association, their drifts, and their 
hope to evert this kingdom by fraud and force. Though he 
cannot think so dishonourably of Spain that they would land 
forces in this realm, nor cherish rebels with money, arms, and 
munition, yet it is manifest to all men that at this time there 
is scarce any nation that receives more countenance from the 
King of Spain than the fugitives of this realm do ; and what 
good regard he has of them may be perceived by the enter- 
tainment of the Irish regiment under Henry O'Neile in the 
Low Countries cherished beyond any other of that army. 
In support of this view, transmits a letter received this 
morning from Sir Richard Aileworth, mayor of Waterford. 
Is also credibly informed that Couchonagh Maguire was him- 
self come to Loghswilly in that ship which carried away the 
Earls, and that he said to the people, on his departure, 
that they should shortly hear of their being in England with 
a powerful army, from whence they would return into Ireland. 
An advertisement he received but yeterday is agreeable with 
something contained in the former examinations. One in 

s 2 



276 lEELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

good esteem in Scotland with the Lord Humes, governor of 
Berwick, received news, it is said, from a gentleman of the 
privy chamber, that upon light given to the King of a 
treacherous practice in the Earl of Tirone, he was sent for 
into England, and that he was to answer it there with a "never 
come again hither " (to use the phrase as reported). 
This, with what he heard from others here, together with the 
guilt of his own conscience, might well make the Earl to 
start away, and if his sight were not upon this conceit, then 
was he assuredly invited over, whithersoever he and Tirconnell 
are gone. But whether they were invited or not, it is fallen 
out in a happy time, he hopes, for their ill destiny and for 
the perpetual good of this realm. Besides the whole realm, and 
especially the fugitives' countries,'are more utterly depopulated 
and poor than ever before for many hundred years. 

But to come to their own defence and preservation of the 
realm. First, it is to be presumed that, if they return with 
force and may have their wills, they will assuredly land in 
Ulster. The only causes of grievance and of the Earl's de- 
parture were, as he conceives, the intended reformation of 
these parts in favour of the freeholders, the freeing the subjects 
from their cuttings, the prosperity of the law, the envy they 
bear the garrisons and forts round about and in their countries 
(which before these last wars, like the kingdom of China, were 
inaccessible to strangers), together with the bishops and other 
grantees of the King's, that either prosecuted, or intended to 
prosecute, their right and lawful claims against them for the 
Termon and Abbey lands there. If His Majesty will, during 
their absence, assume the countries into his possession, divide 
the lands amongst the inhabitants — to every man of note or 
good desert so much as he can conveniently stock and manure 
by himself and his tenants and followers, and so much more as 
by conjecture he shall be able so to stock and manure for five 
years to come ; — and will bestow the i-est upon servitors and 
men of worth here, and withal bring in colonies of civil people 
of England and Scotland at His Majesty's pleasure, with con- 
dition to build castles or storehouses upon their lands ; and if 
he will bestow 10,OOOL or 12,000?. to repair the forts already 
built, and to build some more small forts from the ground 
in fit places, and place 200 soldiers within them by 8, 10, 
or 12 in each of them, to be at His Majesty charge for the 
five years aforesaid, and then to be left in the hands of those 
that shall be first entrusted with them, to be maintained and 
defended by the revenues of the lands which may be laid to 
them ; then he assures himself that, besides the yearly benefit 
that will redound to His Majesty's cofiers, which will be 
nothing inferior to the revenues of Munster or Connaught, the 
country will ever after be happily settled ; there will be no 
need to spend their revenues in the reducing and defence of 
this realm from time to time, as has been customary for many 
hundred years heretofore. But if His Majesty and their 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 27? 



1607. 

Lordships shall not like of that course (which is the best of all 
others that he can think on), then they must of necessity to 
descend to this other, and that is to drive out all the inha- 
bitants of Tirone, Tirconnell, and Fermanaghe as near as they 
may, with all their goods and cattle, into the countries ad- 
joining, over the rivers of the Bande, Blackwater, and Logh 
Erne, there to inhabit the waste lands, more than is suflScient 
to contain them, leaving only such people behind as will 
dwell under the protection of the garrisons and forts which 
would be made strong and defensible. He holds this an honest 
and laudable act, void of iniquity or cruelty ; and even though it 
were touched with some, yet, in this case, it is prudence, and 
like to be recompensed with a public benefit to His Majesty 
and the whole realm, both for the present and future time. One 
or other of these designs should be suddenly apprehended, and 
directions and means sent to put it in execution without delay ; 
for His Majesty should not much stand upon forms of law and 
justice with men that are assuredly gone to put on their arms, 
and therein to dispute with him concerning their claims. 
They should likewise think of the employment of their own 
captains here, who have valiantly acquitted themselves in the 
last wars, and will be now more moved to repel the enemy, in 
regard of their proper interests, and the poor fortunes they 
have made themselves here. Imagines they have sufficient 
to command 5,000 men at least. Besides the benefit it will 
have, makes no doubt that, if only proclamations were made 
there that all the old soldiers that have served in this realm 
shall repair hither to their own captains or such other as 
they shall best affect, many of them will repair hither very 
willingly ; and of these 1,000 are more serviceable than four 
times as many fresh soldiers, such as otherwise must be pressed 
from thence. Besides, they have many poor men here of the 
same sort put out of entertainment, that they will light upon 
when there is use of them and when they may have money to 
raise them. Wishes them a happy and prosperous council 
and resolution. — Rathfarnam, near Dublin, 17 September 
1607. 
Pp. 6. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd. Encloses, 

Sept. 12. 359. Sir Richard Ailwarde, Mayor of WcUerford, to the Lord 
S.P., teland. Deputy. 

Transmits intelligence obtained through a merchant of this 
city that departed Bilbo some 10 days past, of VJ gallions of 
the King of Spain in the bay of Gates [Cadiz] laden with 
wines, victual, and other provisions for the Indies, suddenly 
unloaded there and reloaded with ordnance, munition, and 
artillery, their destination not hnoiun. He also said it ivas 
reported that there tvas a peace concluded betwixt the King of 
Spain and the Hollanders, luith consent of liberty of con- 
science granted the Hollanders, ivhich ivas to be proclaimed 



vol. 222, 135. 



278 IRELAND — JAMES I. 

1607. 

and published in all 'parts of Spain on the 22nd of this 

instant by their computation. — Waterford, 12 Sept. 1607. 

P. 1. Add. Signed. Endd. 

Sept. 7. 360. Lord Deputy and Council to the Earl of Thomond. 
S.P., Ireland, Have received very late advertisements that the Earls of 

vol. 222, 138 I. Tirone and TirconneU are suddenly departed the realm, and 

require the Earl to caU upon all ofl&cers to search all vessels 
in harbours for the fugitives or any of their company ; also to 
press some barque or ship at His Majesty's charges, to serve to 
come up and down the coasts of that province to see to inter- 
cept their flight. They have likewise written to Sir Richard 
Morison to use the same vigilancy within his limits. They also 
wish them both to draw presently together, their government 
of that province being joint ; as well for the better executing 
of this service and to consider of the securing of the country, 
as also to assemble the noblemen and chieftains of the pro- 
vince, that they may communicate with them on the state of 
the country and devise how to prevent, jas much as may be, 
any inconveniences. Recommend this great service to their 
best care. — Dublin, 7 Sept. 1607. 

They are advertised that the Earls tend their course for 
Spain, and in a bottom of that country, or a Frenchman. If 
he employs any ship to follow them or to search any creeks or 
harbours for them, she must be well appointed, otherwise she 
will do little good. They are advertised that they took in at 
Loghswilly the 3rd of this month at night. 

Signed: Arthur Chichester, Tho. Dublin, Cane, Geo. 
Derrien, Hen. Winch, Th. Ridgeway, Anth. St. Leger, 01. St. 
John, 01. Lambert, Jeffery Fenton, R. Cooke. 

Pp. 2. Endd. : " Copy of the Lord Deputy's and Council's 
letter to the Earl of Thomond." 

Sept. 7. 361. Sir Arthur Chichester to [The Earl of Thomond]. 
S.P., Ireland, rpj^^ cause of this, his private letter, is to admonish his 

vol. 222, 138 II. Lordship to look well to himself, for he (Chichester) under- 

sta,nds that he is among others designed to the slaughter. 
Cannot presently discover the persons that have undertaken it, 
but trust not his brother, nor his nearest in blood and sure of 
affection, who is of a contrary faith and religion. This may 
suflS.ce to a man of his understanding ; as he shaU hear more 
he will declare it to him ; writes in great haste, being wearied 
with tossing in this kind. — Rathfarnham, 7 September 

1607. 

P. 1. Endd.: "The copy of my Lo. Deputy's private 
letter." 

Sept. 19. 362. Earl of Thomond to Salisbury. 

^T 222^^138* Mentions a report of the intended release of Florence 

' ' M'Carthy, and similar intelligence as to the return of O'Sulli- 

van Beare out of Spain into England. Represents his 



IRELAJSTD— JAMES I. 



279 



1607. 



Sept. 21. 

Philad. P., 

Tol. 1, p. 229. 



Sept. 21. 

Philad. P., 

vol. l,p. 231. 



[Sept. 22.] 
B.P., Ireland, 
vol. 222, 139. 



treacherous character. Expresses his wish that his son may- 
pass the winter in Ireland. Matthew de Renzie, the Dutch- 
man, has been at Limerick, Dublin, and Waterford. — Limerick, 
19 September 1607. 

Pp, 2. Signed. Add. Endd. 

363. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

Pursuant to the petition of John M'Enery, chiet of that 
nation, of Castletown, in the county of Limerick, Gerald 
M'Enery, his cousin, and Shane M'Thomas M'Ea, of Killmorie, 
brother-in-law of said John M'Enery, beseeching that they 
might surrender their lands as they are severally possessed in 
the Cantred or Tuogh of Clan Enery, in the said county of 
Limerick, whereof they allege a continuance of possession in 
them and their ancestors these two hundred years, this sur- 
render is to be accepted, and a regrant made to them under 
the Commission for Remedy of Defective Titles. — Hampton 
Court, 21 Septemberin the- 5th year of the reign. 
^ Pp. 1^. Signed. Add. Endd. 

364. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

By warrant directed to the late Earl of Devon, Lieutenant 
of Ireland, lands were to be passed to Sir Henry Bruncard, 
late President of Munster, in fee farm to the yearly value of 
661. 13s. 4<d. current money of England, whereof lands to the 
value only of 31Z. 7s. 7d. passed to said Sir Henry before his 
death, leaving yet of the former sum to the value of S5l. 5s. 9d. 
behind ; and his son, William Bruncard, having petitioned for 
the warrant to be renewed, the King, for the memory of his 
father's services, directs a grant in fee farm to said William 
Bruncard of lands over and above the value of Sll. 7s. 7d. 
passed to his father to the yearly value of 601. at the ancient 
rents. — Hampton Court, 21 September in the 5th year of the 
reign. 

Pp. 1|. Signed. Add. Endd. Enrolled. 

365. Lord Cromwell to Salisbury. 

Leaves to the Deputy's letters and the report of Sir Oliver 
Lambard, the account of Tirone's flight and other occurrences 
concerning the same. Present needful defence must be made 
against such an enemy, having now so great a pawn and guide 
in his hand, his stated charge, which now may be hazarded, 
standing next the fire which is likely to kindle in these north 
parts, where never wanted malice or means to effect any mis- 
chief. In any reinforcement of forces, asks for himself som e m ore 
proportionable increase of strength. My Lord Deputy has cer- 
tified, or may certify, that he, by his forwardness to frame the 
persons and their proceedings as might bo most conformable to 
His Majesty's service and the good quiet of the country, has 
purchased little love, and expects less favour of this rebellious 
nation, if ever they get the overhand of him, from which so 



280 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

small a defence as he now has can hardly secure him. Is 
ashamed that he cannot present his love to him, either by such 
worthy means as he would or such presents as some parts of 
this country yieldeth, by hawk or horse, wherein the next 
season he hopes will supply. 
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd. 

Sept. 22. 366. Sm Thomas Phillips to Salisbury. 

?oT 22^*140' ^^ ^® ^^^ omitted to write so often as duty binds, it has not 

been for want of affection to his Lordship, as his only patron. 
Occasion offering, relates somewhat of the Earl's departure. 
Heard they were gone the day after. Advertised into Scotland 
that care should be taken if any such ship should be driven upon 
that coast, for that the wind was then contrary to go any other 
way. Thought good, for the securing of the people, to go from 
Colraine as far as Dungannon, and, going through the country, 
the people met him and were all amazed and ready to forsake 
their houses. Gave them the best counsel he could, which 
they promised to take, but there is no tsust in them. The 
Lord Deputy has since sent them a proclamation which could 
not but satisfy them, if they were good subjects ; they now 
begin to grow rich, so that for the most part during peace thej'' 
increase very fast in cattle, and this year they have great 
plenty of corn. He passed through the fastest country in- 
Tirone, where he did not expect to have seen so much corn. 

Is of opinion that His Majesty should fortify and maintain 
Knockfergus, Port-rush, and Loghfoile, and then draw all 
the cows and other provisions out of the woods into the plains 
near those strong garrisons, where they may be fetched in upon 
the first news of any forces landing. This will not only be a 
means to starve them, but will save His Majesty a great sum 
of money in provisions for his army. In this manner most of 
the provisions in the north may be saved from them. Whilst 
the churls are attending upon their cows they may be made to 
work upon the fortifications ; for Knockfergus and Loghfoile, 
there are some few men to guard them, but to no purpose to 
defend an army ; — for Portrush, there is no man, as it lies 
entirely open. 

Gives a scheme for fortifying Portrush and making it 
almost an island, so that 6,000 men might be embattled there. 
Fears the Spaniards will not omit the fortifying of it if they 
chance to see it. The Earl of Tirone, to his knowledge, held it 
to be a place of importance. Now that the lands of Tirone and 
Tirconnell fall into His Majesty's hands, if towns be planted 
in convenient places, they may keep the country in awe. He 
bought the abbey of Coleraine, and employed all he had in the 
world on it. The land belonging to it is but four tuoghs, and 
most part scattered abroad some five miles distance ; but if he 
had a good scope of land of the Earl of Tyrone's, next adjoin- 
ing, he should have in short time a company of honest English- 
men to serve His Majesty upon all occasions. In times past, 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 281 



1607. 

when it was a corporation, it yielded His Majesty 551. yearly. 
It was a strong town in those days, and may be made so now ; 
and he will undertake to make it such with no charge to the 
King, if he only be pleased to bestow upon him a competent 
quantity of land for the performance of it. Has already 
bestowed all he could get in building, and has made himself 
a poor man. Never had one foot of land of gift from His 
Majesty, having lost his blood here and done main good 
services, which are unknown to him ; but, howsoever, counts 
himself rich, so long as he shall deserve his favour. 

Has come hither to confer with the Lord Deputy for the 
settlement of that country, to which he is to repair in haste, 
since those dangerous parts are committed to his charge. — 
Dublin, 22 Sept. 1607. 

Pp. 3. Signed. Add. Endd. 

Sept. 23. 367. Kichard Hadsor to Salisbury. 

^T' 220^^141 ' "^^^ undutiful departure of the Earls of Tirone, Tirconell, 

"' ■ ,and M'Gwyer offers good occasion for a plantation. The 

servitors are the fittest men, as he takes it, for the inhabiting 
thereof ; the countries to be divided into seignories, as the 
attainted lands in the province of Munster are. O'Cahan, Shane 
M'Bryan, and Arte O'Neile, grandchild to Tyrrelagh Lenagh, 
late O'Neile, who have been late petitioners here, to be His 
Majesty's immediate tenants and exempted from Tirone, are 
fit to be considered with portions of the countries and 
lands which their ancestors and they possessed. The castle of 
Strabane upon the confines of Tirone, opposite to Lifier on the 
borders of Tirconell, with a good quantity of ground thereunto 
adjoining, ought to be reserved for His Majesty's service from 
the said Arte O'Neile. In this way the province of Ulster, 
being of long time the fountain of disorder and rebellion, will 
yield His Majesty obedient subjects and good revenues, as in 
former times it has done to the Crown of England. And 
if he would be pleased to give warrant to such as he thinks 
fit, who can speak Irish, to examine such Irishmen as pass 
through London from Ireland to the Low Countries and from 
thence hither, some intelligence might be had from time to 
time of Irish occurrents. — Middle Temple, London, 23 
Sept. 1607. 
P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd. 

Sept. 23. 368. Sir Geoffrey Fenton to Salisbury. 

^'^■{'^it^-^Ai ^^ letter of the 9th instant, gave him notice of the going 

' ■ away of the two fugitive Earls, together with his humble 

conceit of their bad purposes and his poor advice. He 
showed this letter to the Lord Deputy, who read it from 
the one end to the other. But the packet being already made 
up, he told his Lordship that he must be driven to send it by 
some other, who directed him to do so ; so that he sent it by a 



282 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 



1607. 



Sept. 9. 

S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 222, 142 I. 



merchant of London enclosed within a letter to the post of 
Chester, desiring him to pass it to him by the running post. 
But Sir Oliver Lambert, out of a strange and insolent pre- 
sumption, took his letter from the merchant and opened it, 
and he cannot think but he will suppress it from him 
(Salisbury). Complains bitterly of this wrong, and sends a 
copy of his letter, and leaves the censuring of Sir Oliver 
Lambert's presumption to his Lordship, being without ex- 
ample here since he has served in this kingdom. — Dublin, 
23 Sept. 1607. 

Sends also the postmaster's letter of Chester, written 
to him about this business. 

P. 2. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd. Encloses, 

369. Sir Geoffrey Fenton to Salisbury. 

Duplicate of his letter to Salisbury -^ respecting the flight of 
Throne and Tirconnel. 
Pp. 2. Signed. Add. Endd. 



Sept. 15. 370. J. Franks, Postmaster of Chester, to Sir G. Fenton. 



S.P., Ireland, 
vol. 222, 142 II. 



On the detention and opening of his letter by Sir 0. Lambert. 
—Chester, 15 Sept. 1607. 

P. 1. Signed. Add. " To the right worshipful Sir Jeoffrie 
Fenton, Chief Secretary of Estate for the realm of Ireland." 

Endd. 



Sept. 26. 

Philad. P., 

vol. l,p. 233. 



Sept. 25. 

Doeqnet Book, 

Sept. 25. 



371. King to Sir Arthue Chichester. 

Having formerly granted to George Wood the reversion of 
the Constableship of the Palace of Cnockfergus in Ulster, with 
such perquisites, pensions, privileges, and warders as belonged 
thereto in as ample manner as John Dalway then enjoyed 
the same, but having since discharged the 20 warders with 
the pay of SfZ. per diem each, amounting to 24-3?. 6s. 8cZ. per 
annum, whereby the said George Wood is deprived of the 
benefit intended to him, a lease is to be made to him of the 
said palace, with all the lands, mills, and profits belonging 
thereto for 31 years, in reversion after the determination of 
the several estates which the said John Dalway and George 
Wood have in the premises, at the ancient rents and such 
increase as they shall be surveyed to. — Hampton Court, 
26 September in the 5th year of the reign. 

Pp. 1^. Signed. Add. Endd. Enrolled. 

372. Grant to Earl and Countess of Clanricard. 
Grant to Richard Earl of Clanricard and to the Lady 

Frances, his wife, of the remainder of sum of 3,000?. (imposed 
as a fine in the Star Chamber upon John Daniel of Dortbury, 



Supra, p. 267. 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 283 

1607. 

CO. Chester, for cozening the said Lady Frances, then Countess 
of Essex) yet unsatisfied ; and also of the benefit of an extent 
of the lands of the said Daniel. 

Sept. 27. 373. [Salisbury] to Sm Arthur Chichester. 

^^9.o2^^iu' ■^^ (Chichester) receives so many proofs of His Majesty's 

' " ' ' allowance of his proceedings, and so much direction that this 

private letter will be superfluous, except to say something to him 
concerning A,B. ; hitherto the matter has passed in private 
by their single letters, yet now that things are come to so 
much ripeness as to his commitment, thinks it not inexpedient 
that the work should be warranted to him by the letters of 
more than himself ; yet, as it might startle him to know that 
more were privy to the matter, he will therefore do well in 
acquainting him with the orders he has received, to make it 
out to him that it is rather for his good than his harm, and 
give him no other account from whom the direction comes, but 
that he [Chichester] was directed to do as he does from His 
Majesty. Has contented the president of Munster with 
imparting to him that he shall have 100 of the new levy, for 
he would be loth that the good treasurer should, in shadow or 
substance, receive any disgrace. Of the horse, 50 are to go to 
the Lord of Clanricard, and the other 50, as Chichester wished, 
to Sir Oliver Lambert. 

For the foot, they will be left to his (Chichester's) direction; 
the horse will scarce be there before November, and order 
shall be taken by that time to make their pay 12d. sterling. 

Forbears to write to Mr. Treasurer till they are a little 
richer, and able to send over money. In the meantime they 
are careful to pay his bills. 

Allows of his proposal that he have liberty to send intelli- 
gencers into Spain. The only thing will be the making of 
good choice ; and first, the person employed should be thought 
by them to be thieves, for so shall he be likely to understand 
as much as they know ; for otherwise he must receive from 
him only that which he shall collect by his own industry, and 
to depend upon such fellows' observations or collections 
merely will rather distract his judgment than settle it, of 
which his own experience can so sufficiently give him con- 
firmation ; secondly, he may assuredly believe that whatso- 
ever Spain intends, while Ireland is Ireland, his ministers 
will never give over hearing and cherishing that nation, 
neither will the priests ever suffer the Irish, though they 
knew the King of Spain would not give them 6d., to believe 
less than that there are armies preparing for them. There is 
nothing more necessary for him as regards intelligence, than to 
enjoin his correspondent to make some colour to reside in the 
ports of Spain, and monthly to advertise him how the shipping 
and the preparations move up and down ; and he should be a 
man that can judge what is necessary for the ordinary pre- 



34 IRELAND— JAMES I. 

1607. 

parations of Spain ; for otherwise he will clap together such 
advertisements of this fleet and that fleet, that he will give 
him such alarms as will amaze him at the first and an^er 
him at the last. 

Of these things he takes the liberty to discourse with him, 
because he has himself ere now been bitten with them. Nay, 
what is more, even now any time this six weeks, if he would 
have suffered such wild advertisements to have possessed this 
State without showing them the error of them, he can assure him 
that even from the ambassador in Spain and many merchants 
residing there, he might have consented to such courses as 
would have consumed the King's treasure, to prepare for that 
whereof there need no expectation. Confesses for his own 
part that he thinks nothing will be attempted ; yet makes his 
judgment of that which Spain will do by no other rule at 
any time than by what he can or dare do. 

In conclusion, his judgment is, that these men fled for fear, 
yet had ever provisional hopes, and that he (Chichester) shall 
hear of no great armies in Ireland whensoever they (the 
Earls) shall return, but rather of some small forces perad- 
ventiire shadowed by the Pope, and obscuring Spain, with 
which they will be sufficiently able to draw the King to an 
infinite expense, which his enemies will think a very good 
purchase, though they make account never to see a man of 
theirs return again ; and therefore thinks it of great necessity 
that those countries be made the King's by this accident; that 
there be a mixture in the plantation, the natives made His 
Majesty's tenants, of part, but the rest to be divided among 
those that will inhabit ; and in no case any man suffered to 
embrace more than it is visible he can and will manure. That 
was an oversight in the plantation of Munster, where 12,000 
acres were commonly allotted to bankrupts and country 
gentlemen, that never knew the disposition of the Irish ; so that 
God forbid but those that have spent their blood in that ser- 
vice should of all others be preferred. To conclude, prays 
him, notwithstanding this erratical discourse of his, to impute 
it not to levity, if he mistakes those things whereof in private 
he ventures to discover to him so sudden a judgment; for 
errare possum, hereticus esse nolo. Entreats him to excuse 
him for having yielded him no more particular thanks for his 
dogs and hawks. 

P.S. — After some difficulties, to whom to commit these 
horse, it is now agreed that Sir 01. Lambert shall have 25 
here, according to his (Chichester's) recommendation ; but the 
Lord President of Munster presses much for the whole 50, 
though in the end he remains contented with 25, and Chichester 
is to ffive 25 of those which he should have in Ireland to Sir 
Garratt More, or any otlier that he thinks fit. 

Pp. 6. Endd. : " 27 Sept. 1607. To the 1. Deputy of 
Ireland." 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 285 



1607. 

Sept. 27. 374. The Earl of Salisbury to Sir Charles Cornwallis.^ 

A;'!^°"r'^J^i^£' Blames him for not obtaining better intellie-ence of what is 

Vesp. c. A. 195 B. . i.i-i 

B.M. doing towards expeditions by sea, m which manner only can 

danger come from Spain. When he sends rumours of 16,000 
land soldiers being at sea, they would have been seriously 
alarmed had not he (Salisbury) had private means of his own 
that gave him better knowledge. Does not expect him to 
get spies from among the Spaniards. Knows that it is not 
with him there as it is here, where corruption in religion makes 
their own nation the greatest spies for other men. He (Com- 
wallis) will not be able to give him an instance of one natural 
Spaniard that he has gained to reveal him a secret for any 
reward. For any he gets there from their own nation, they are 
either generalities or things rather to be accounted news than 
intelligence. Writes the more seriously of this subject at this 
time in respect of the accident whereof he shall now be adver- 
tised by the enclosed. — (The proclamation probably of lOtb 
September 1607 announcing the flight of the Earls.) 

Concerning the fugitives. His Majesty has commanded him 
to give him some directions how to proceed. Because His 
Majesty would not have him set a value upon their worth, by 
making their flight any matter of consequence, he would have 
him first, to touch the matter of injustice to the King's sub- 
jects, and then as if he scarce had it in premeditation, say to 
the King, that although he had not now anything in par- 
ticular to propound unto him concerning those Irish fugitives 
by any new commission, yet because His Majesty, in a late 
despatch, even in the postscript of a letter only, spake some- 
thing shortly of it, he could not forbear to say something of 
it, by virtue of his general commission. 

For the words of the King's letter, he might say they were 
to none other effect than this : that his deputy of Ireland had 
advertised him that some of the northern Earls, and some 
others out of those barbarous quarters of Ulster, were gone 
into Spain ; of whose proceedings, though he held the parties 
too contemptible to make any reckoning, yet he hoped that 
it would minister to His Majesty there an excellent subject 
to requite the King his master's sincerity with demonstration 
of his integrity in this proceeding towards them. 

That he might not apprehend this matter worse than there 
is cause, nor make any show of alteration — what insolencies 
soever the Jesuits and pack of fugitives do there put on — he 
confidently affirms it unto him, that in human judgment the 
end thereof cannot but be good. For although it is true that 
they know this remnant of the northern Irish traitors to have 
been as full of malice as flesh and blood could be, and no way 
' reformed by the grace they have received, yet because His 

Majesty had given them pardon, and could not demonstrably 
prove new treasons against them so clearly in foro judicii, as 

1 Printed in Sawyer's Memorials of Affairs of State in the time of Elizabeth and 
James L, Vol. II. p. 340. 



286 IRELAND— JAMES 1. 

1607. 

they might have not suspected to savour of rigour, yet, m/oro 
conscientice, His Majesty hath known they have absolutely 
given commission to their priests and others to undertake for 
them a resolution to abandon their Sovereign if they might be 
entertained, not sticking to avow their alienation of heart 
from the English government. 

In which strait, as long as the King found himself, he gave 
them means to gather strength to his own prejudice ; where 
now the whole country which they possess will be made of 
great use, both for strength and profit to him. 

Those poor creatures who knew no kings but those petty 
lords, do now, with great applause, desire to be governed by 
himself. So as if the council of Spain shall conceive that they 
have no^^v some great advantage over this state, where it shall 
appear what a party their king may have if he shall like to 
support it, there may be this answer : that those Irish, without 
the King of Spain, are poor worms upon earth ; and that when 
the King of Spain shall think it time to begin with Ireland, 
the King, his master, is more like than ever Queen Elizabeth 
was to find a wholesomer place of the King of Spain's where 
he would be loth to hear of the English, and to show the 
Spaniards that shall be sent into Ireland as fair a way as they 
were taught before. In which time, the more he should speak 
of the base, insulting, discoursing fugitives, the more proper it 
will be for him. 

In the meantime, upon their departure, not a man hath 
moved, neither was there this thirty years more universal 
obedience than there is now. Amongst the rest of their bar- 
barous lies, they will pretend protection for religion, and 
breach of promise with them ; wherein they may safely protest 
this, that for any of aU these that are gone, there never was 
so much of an offer made to search their consciences. Some 
little stain the late President of Munster, Sir Henry Broncarde, 
who died some few months since, used upon towns, by im- 
posing fines upon some that refused to come to him, being sent 
for, and not simply for not going to church. This he does but 
touch, because he doubts not but they will disperse slanders 
enough, which he would willingly he should well provide to 
answer. — Hampton Court, 27 September 1607. 

Pp. 15. Copy. 

Sept. 27. 375. Lords of the Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

13^^' 201 Since writing their former letters, there is one thing more 

' ' ' ' ' that gives occasion to this short letter to follow the rest. As 

some persons are probably intending to become suitors for the 
lands of the fugitive Earls, they have heard it has been given 
out as if His Majesty meant to take an opportunity to extir- 
pate utterly all the Irish who are not guilty of the offences of 
others, without respect to what shall become of them, His 
Majesty^having no intent to deal in any extremity, but to con- 
tinue those that deserve favour in that which shaU be fit for 



IRELAND— JAMES I. 287 



vol. 3, p. 203. 



1607. 

them, and to plant others that may inhabit such places as may 
be convenient for them, they are to give such answers as shall 
not cause any to despair. — Hampton Court, 27th September 
1607. 

Signed: T. EUesmere, Cane, T. Dorset, E. Worcester, 
Notingham, H. Northampton, SaHsbury, L. Stanhope. 

P. ^. Add. Endd, 

Sept. 27. 376. Lords of the Council to Sir Arthur Chichester. 

oT^a ^n 9n.q Have received, in his letters of the 7th inst., brought over 

by Sir Oliver Lambert, a very particular account of the unex- 
pected departure of these northern Earls, Tyrone and Tyr- 
connell, into Spain ; his efforts to intercept them in their 
departure ; his measures to preserve the peace of the province 
of Ulster ; and lastly, his demands of additional forces. 

Approve of all that he has done, but an answer will 
require deliberation upon more assured intelligence both of 
the cause of their departure and their designs. His Majesty 
finds no reason to believe they left their country for any other 
reason than their own guiltiness. 

Do not impute to any foreign prince the encouraging them 
in any treason ; a short time, however, will discover ; but be 
it how it may, His Majesty thinks it cannot be otherwise than 
beneficial to the State ; and for themselves they think the 
room of the fugitives is better than their company ; as for their 
lands, approve of Chichester's course already taken for quiet- 
ing any loyal subjects that held under them. Before any 
alteration, a due form must be pursued for proving the guilt 
of the fugitives and their forfeitures. Till then His Majesty 
will not dispose of a foot of their lands, and when that time 
comes, the King has such confidence in Chichester's discre- 
tion and integrity, that he professes that his advice shall be an 
oracle to him in that determination. As he has begun, so is 
he to continue to assure those people that, howsoever it fall 
out, their case shall be rather better than worse, and their 
lands shall be enjoyed with better contentment by His 
Majesty's favour than under the oppression of such disloyal 
landlords. 

Approve of his suggestion for felling the woods of the 
fugitive Earls ; only they wish he were better provided with 
men for that purpose, without impairing the strength of the 
small companies. Will supply him with men as soon as they 
can. Commend the act of the Treasurer in engaging his 
own private fortune to raise funds to supply the need of the 
State. Promise that he shall not suffer, and engage to send 
more treasure as soon as possible. Must truly tell him that 
the cost of additional fortifications of ports and other places 
already begun, and the little use they have proved (though 
they see, it is with good reason he has his eye on Waterford, 
Limerick, and Galway) is such, that they cannot give him any 
present answer to his demands on that behalf. Think it best 
to bridle the towns by being master of their gates, and 



vol. 3, p. 197. 



288 IRELAND — JAMES I. 

[1607. 

possessing some strong houses or platforms. Some which have 
been begun already, may be garrisoned by part of the army. 

Approve of his committal and examination of Cormack 
O'Neil and such persons as his letter mentions, for the better 
discovery of the design of the Earls. 

If he finds it more expedient to send him and any others 
of those committed, over to them, His Majesty well approves 
of it, and they shall be received at anj'- port he may designate. 

As he no doubt earnestly longs for an answer, they send 
this present letter. — Hampton Court, 27 Sept. 1607. 

Signed: E. Cant., T. Ellesmere, Cane, T. Dorset, E. Wor- 
cester, Notingham, H. Northampton, Salisbury, L. Stanhope, 
J. Herbert, Jul. Caesar. 

Pp. 3|. Add. 

Endd. hy Chichester : " From the Ids. of the Counsell in 
aunswer of ours upon the flight of the Earls of Tyrone & 
Tyrconnell, &c. Re, the second of October." 

Sept. 27. 377. Lords of Council to Str Arthur Chichester. 

.^^a^l' ''t'q? -^y their letter of same date to be communicated to the rest 

of the Council, they have answered his of the 7th instant, so 
far as they can for the present. But for a more piivate 
direction, this to himself. Concerning the party signified 
by the cypher A. B. from whom the first intelligence of 
that traitorous conspiracy in the north was derived, in the 
doubts of his truth and clear dealing, entertained as