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THOMAS WRIGHT, Esq., M.A., F.S.A., H.M.R.S.L., &c., 


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Some seven centuriea ago, two distinct languages were spoken 
Uroughout England, the Anglo-Saxon, which was that of onr Teu- 
tonic forefathers, and consequently one of the pure Teutonic dialects, 
and the Anglo-Norman, one of the Neo-Latin family of tongues, 
which WAS brought in by the Norman conquest. Tor some time, 
these two languages remained perfectly distinct, the Anglo-Norman 
being the only one spoken or understood by the higher classes of 
society; while the lower classes, and a great portion of the 
intermediate class, used only the Anglo-Saxon. Some only of the 
middle classes, more especially those engaged in mercantile occu- 
pations, were acquainted with both. It was not until the thirteenth 
century, when the intercourse between the several classes had become 
more intimate, that an intermixture of the two languages began to 
take place, and then all the educated classes appear to have been well 
acquainted with both tongues. From this time forwards, an English 
writer, though using the Anglo-Saxon tongue, adopted just as many 
Anglo-Norman words as he pleased, — in fact it had assumed the 
character of a language of two ingredients, which might be mixed 
togofther in any proportion, from pure Anglo-Norman (pure, as regards 
thf^rivation of the words) to nearly pure Anglo-Saxon, according 
to ^fe class of society for which he wrote. Thus, as late as the 
muffle of the fourteenth century, the language of Piers Ploughman, 
wlgij^ was designed for a popular work, contains a remarkably small 
mi(tttre of Anglo-Norman words, while in the writings of Chaucer, 
wlctrwas essentially a Court poet, the proportion of the Anglo- 
N{^an to the Anglo-Saxon is very great. Much of this Anglo- 
NSirOian element was afterwards rejected from the English language, 
buBfbch was retained, and of course a proportional quantity of Anglo- 


Saxon ^as displaced by it. In consequence of this unsettled state of 
the English language, the writers of the ages of change and transition 
contain a very large number of words belonging to the Anglo-Saxon \ 
as well as to the Anglo-Norman, which are no longer contained in thei^ 
English tongue. 

Such was the first process of the formation of the English language. 
The limitation of the Anglo-Norman element seems to have taken 
place in the fifteenth century, when a considerable portion of the 
Anglo-Norman words used by previous English writers were rejected 
from the English language, and were never seen in it again. But as 
these disappeared, they were succeeded by a new class of intruders. 
The scholastic system of the age of the Reformation, had caused a 
very extensiye cultivation and knowledge of the Latin language, and 
it is probable that the great mass of the reading public at that time 
were almost as well acquainted with Latin as with their own mother 
tongue. Li consequence of this universal knowledge of Latin, the 
writers of the sixteenth century, without any sensible inconvenience, 
used just as many Latin words as they liked in writing English, 
merely giving them an English grammatical form. The English 
language thus became suddenly encumbered with Latin words, until, 
at the end of the sixteenth century and beginning of the seventeenth, 
the practice of thus using Latin words was carried to such a degree 
of pedantie affectation, that it effected its own cure. A popular 
writer of this period, Samuel Rowlands, in a satirical tract published 
in 1611, under the title of " The Knave of Clubbs," has the following 
lines upon this fashion, which had at that date reached its culmi- 
nating point : 


As on the way I Itenerated, 
A Rurall person I Obviated, 
Interrogating time's Transitation, 
And of the passage Demonstration. 
My apprehension did Ingenious scan, 
That he was meerely a Simplitian, 
So when I saw he was Extravagant, 
Unto the obscure vulgar Consonant, 
I bad him vanish most Promiscuously, 
And not Contaminate my company. 

A few of these Latin words have held their place in the language. ; i 



rat our writers, &om the latter part of the fifteenth century to the 
[middle of the seventeenth, abound in words adopted from the Latin 

rhich modem English dictionaries do not recognize. 

From these and other causes it happens, that of a very large 
portion of Englii^ literature, one part would be totally unintelligible 
to the general reader, and the other would present continual diffi- 
eolties, without a dictionary especially devoted to the obsolete words 
of our language. It is the object of the volumes now offered to the 
public, to furnish a compendious and useful work of this kind, which 
ihall contain the obsolete Anglo-Saxon and Anglo-Norman words 
used by the English writers of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, 
many of the obsolete Latin words introduced in the sixteenth and 
seventeenth centuries, as well as words which have been adopted 
temporarily at various times according to prevailing fashions from 
other languages, such as Ereneh, Italian^ Spanish, or Dutch, or 
which belonged to sentiments, manners, customs, habits, and modes, 
that have existed at particular periods and disappeared. 

There is another dass of words, forming at least an interesting 
portion of the English language, and coming especially within the 
objects of a work of this kind, those of the provincial dialects. There 
can be no doubt that the peculiar characteristics, or, we may say, the 
•rganic differences of dialect, are derived more or less from a diversity 
of tribe amoi^ the Anglo-Saxon settlers in our island; for, as far as 
our materials allow us to go, we can trace these diversities in Anglo- 
Saxon times. As, however, during the middle ages, and, in fact, 
down to very recent times, the intercommunication between different 
parts of the country was very imperfect, progress, of whatever kind 
was by no means uniform throughout the kingdom, and we find in 
the provincial dialects not only considerable numbers of old Anglo- 
Saxon and even Anglo-Norman words, which have not been pre- 
served in the language of refined society, and which, in many cases, as 
far as regards the Anglo-Saxon, are not even found in the necessarily 
imperfect vocabulary of the language in its pure state which we are 
enabled to form from its written monuments; but also numerous 
words, in general use at a much later period, but which, while they 
became obsolete in the English language generally, have been pre- 
served orally in particular districts. The number and character of 



these words is very remarkable, and instances will be continually 
found, in the following pages, where a word which is now considered! 
as peculiarly characteristic of the dialect of some remote district, ; 
occurs as one in general use among the popular, aud especially the 
dramatic, writers, of the age which followed the Eestoration. | 

Worda of this description are a necessary part of a dictionary Uke 
the present, and they have been collected with as much care as possi- 
ble. On the other hand, the mere organic differences of dialect, as 
well as the differences of orthography in words as found in different 
medieval manuscripts and early printed books, have been inserted 
sparingly, as belonging rather to a Comparative Grammar or to a phi- 
lological treatise, than to a dictionary. In fact, to give this class of 
variations fully, would be simply to make a dictionary of each parti- 
cular dialect, and of each medieval manuscript, and to combine these 
altogether, which could not be done within any moderate limits, and 
if done, with regard to the manuscripts especially, the first new 
manuscript that turned up would only show its imperfection. It has, 
therefore, been considered advisable not to insert mere orthographical 
variations of words, unless where they appeared for some reason or 
other sufficiently important or interesting. There are, moreover, 
certain letters and combinations of letters which are in the older 
forms of the Englbh language interchangeable, so that we constantly 
find the same word occurring, even in the same manuscript, under 
two or three different forms, none of which are to be regarded as 
corruptions. To insert all these forms, would be to increase the 
dictionary twofold or threefold, for the words in which those letters 
occur, without any proportionate advantage; I have therefore in 
general given the word only under the form in which it occurs most 
usually, or which seems most correct ; but, to facilitate the reference, 
I add at the end of this preface a list of the more common inter- 
changes of this kind, so that if a word be not found under one form, 
it may be sought for under another. 

Various and indeed numerous glossaries have been already pub- 
lished, both of provincial and of Archaic English, but most of them 
have been special rather than general. We may mention among these 
the valuable work of Archdeacon Nares, which, however, was de- 
voted only to the writers of a particular period; the extensive under /^ 



taking of Boucher, which was not continued beyond the latter B ; and 
the numerous glossaries of particular dialects, among which one of 
the last and best is that of Northamptonshire by Miss Baker. The 
"Dictionary" by Mr. Halliwell, when we consider that it was almost 
new in its dass, and that the author had many difficulties to con- 
tend with, which would not, perhaps, haye existed now, was in eyery 
respect an extraordinary work. 

Li compiling the following pages, I haye taken all the adyantage 
I could honestly of the labours of my predecessors, in addition 
to a large quantity of original material which was placed in 
my hands, and I haye added to this numerous collections of 
my own, especially from the dramatic and popular writers of the 
latter half of the seyenteenth century, and of the earlier part of 
the eighteenth. I haye also profited by Ibts of Ibcal words com- 
municated from yarious parts of the kingdom, and among those who 
haye contributed in this manner, I haye especially to acknowledge 
the seryices of the Eey. E. Gillet, of Eunham, in Norfolk. To 
make such a work perfect is impossible ; but I hope that, on the 
whole, the present will be found one of the most generally useful 
works of the kind that has yet appeared. 



Of 0, and sometimes e. 
OTf er, OTf ur, 
bet ^h ^y* &s prefixes. 
Cf 8f chf shf 8Ch, 
Cf eCf i. 

5, ffy 9^f y- 
J, th. 

h, often omitted where it ought to be inserted, 
or used superfluously. 


k, c, ch. 

0, oOf ou, n. 

qut wh, w, 

St c. 

8W, squ, qu. 

Xf sh. 


Zy 8. 





A, the definite article, is a mere 
abbreyiation of an, which was 
used before consonants as well 
as vowels, till a comparatively 
recent period. The obsolete 
modes of employing the article 
are not very numerous. It is 
sometimes repeated with adjec- 
tives, the substantive having gone 
before, in such phrases as, " a 
tall man and a good/' It is not 
unusually prefixed to manpf as 
*'a many princes/' It is also 
frequently prefixed to numerals, 
as a ten, a twelve. 
And a grete hole therin, wliereof the 
ilawme came oate of. And aftyre a vj. 
or yiy dayes, it aroose north-est, and so 
bakkere and bakkere \ and so enduryd 
axiig. nvghtes.fuIleWtellechaimgynge, 
goynge from the nortn-este to the weste, 
and some tyme it wnlde seme aquench- 
ede oQte, and sodanly it brent fer- 
Toitly ageyne. WarJcwortk*a Chron, 

The Kynge and his counselle sent onto 
dyverse that were with the erle of Oxen* 
forde prevely there pardones, and pro- 
mysede to them gretc veftes and landes 
and goodes, by the whiche dyverse of 
them were tnrned to the kynge ayens 
the erle; and so in conclusione the 
erle hade nojt passynee one viiij. or ix. 
awBBe that wolde noule withe hym ; 
the whiche was the ondi^nge of the 
erie. lb. 

A is very commonly used as an 
ilbreviation of one, as "Thre 

persones in a Godhede," (three 

persons in one Godhead). 

Hir a schanke blake, hir other graye. 
BaUad oj True Thovuu, 

It is used often as a mere exple* 
tive, generally at the end of a 
line in songs and popular verse. 
J, for on, or at, before nouns s 
thus we have a place, at the 
place, a field, in the field. As 
representing on, it is frequently 
prefixed to words in composition, 
sometimes apparently giving in- 
tensity to the meaning, but in 
general not percepti1)ly altering 
it. Thus we have constantly 
such forms as acold, for cold, 
adown,ior dxmik, aback, for back, 
aready, for ready. It appears 
sometimes, chiefly when used 
before verbs, to represent the 
French preposition a, and was 
then no doubt an adaptation from 
the Anglo-Norman. Thus ado 
seems to represent the Fr. a f aire. 
The following are the principal 
meanings of a as a separate word, 
(i) Always; ever (from the 
A.'S.) ; still used in this sense 
in Cumberland. ^ 

A the more I loke theron, 
A the more I thynke 1 fon. 

Towtclejf MyiUriet. 




(2) Tes (a contraction of aye). 


(&) And, Somerset It occurs in 

this sense not unfrequently in old 

MSS., perhaps an accidental 


(4) An interrogative, equivalent 
to what 7 Far, Dial, 

(5) If. Suffolk, 

(6) He. It is often put into the 
mouths of ignorant or vulgar 
people in this sense by the old 
dramatists, and it is not uncom- 
mon in MSS. of an earlier date. 

(7) They. In the dialect of 
Shropshire. In the western 
counties it is used for she, and 
sometimes for it. 

(8) All. 

(9) Have. As in the common 
expression " a done," t. «. have 
done. • 

(10) In. " A Latin," in Latin. 

'*A Goddes name," in God's 


A that kow, in that way or manner, e.g. 1 
shall do a' that how. lAne. 

(11) An interjection ; for ah ! 

A! Bwete aire, I seide the. 

Piers Ploughman. 

J per 86, A person of extraor- 
dinary merit ; a nonpareil. This 
phrase was used chiefly in the 
Elizabethan age. 

The famous dame, fayre Helen, lost her 

Whenwithred age with wrinckles channgd 

her cheeks. 
Her lovely lookes did loathsomnetse en- 

That was the A per se of all theOreekes. 

TurhermlWs TratjicaU Tales, 1587- 

That is the A per se of all, the cream of all. 

Blurt Master Constable, 1602. 

The phrase is sometimes varied 

by an additional a. 
In faith, my aweet honey-comb, 1*11 love 
thee, A per se a. Wily BeguiVd. 

Aa. An exclamation of lamenting. 
It was asserted by the old po- 
pular theologists that a male 
child utters the sound a-a when it 

is born, because it is the initial 

of Adam, and a female «-«, ai 

that of Eve. 
Aac, s. {A.'S.) An oak. North, 
Aad, adj. {A,-S.) Old. Yorksh, 
Aadle, v. {A.'S.) To flourish. Suf» 

folk. See Addle, 
Aaint, t;. {A.-S,) To anoint Suf» 

Aakin, adj. {A.'S.) Oaken. North, 
Aan, (1) adj. Own. Yorks, 

(2) inter, A contraction of anan! 
what say you? East, 

(3) adv. On. A form of the 
word used in a MS. of the 15t1i 
Century, in the Ashmoleai 

Do, cosyn, anon thyn armys aan. 

Aande, 8. (Danish), Breath. A 

form of the word not uucommoi 

in MSS. of the 15th Century. 

Hys mynde es schort when he oeht thynkOb 
Hys nese oft droppes, hys aande stynkes. 

Eampole, MS. Bomt, 


An after- 



noon's repast; the aftemooa. 
Cumb, See Amdem, 
Aanb, 8, (A,-S.) The beard of 
barley or other grain, the 

And that we call the aane, whiek 
groweth out of the eare, like a loot 
pricke or a dart, whereby the eare li 
defended from the dant;er of birds. 

Googe's Husbandry , ISTf. 

Aar, prep, (A.'S, ter). Ere, be» 
fore. This form occurs in Hbk 
Romance of Kyng Alisaunder. 

Aarm, 8. {A,-S.) The arm. Wy- 
cliffe, Bodl. MS. Aarmed, fuf 
armed, occurs in Wyclyflfe's VBfr 
sion of the Testament. 

Aaron, s. {A.-S.) The herb wak0* 
robin. Cotgrave, 

Aas, 8, (A.'N.) Aces. 

Aat, s. (A.-S.) Fine oatmeal, \wd 
for thickening pottage. 

AATAf prep. After. Suff, 

Aath, 8, {A,»S.) An oath. Yori\L 


As, I. (A.-S.r) The eap of a trM. 

■ame allribnte tfl want oftimeistht 
■ill »Mler. 

llarruaCt Lacription ^ England, 
Aback, adv. 8a<:ki>iirda. Narlh. 

confound. ^ctJ. Sitp. Kal. ^xm. U. 
Aback-a-behint, oati. Bebiadj 

in the rear. North. 
Abactbd, pari. p. (Lai. aiaelia). 

Driven airajr by violence. 
Abactor,!. (Lai.) One that drivea 

««ay herds of cattle b; stealth 

ABADB,(l);»ifff. of abiden (<{.•&). 

Abode; remained. 

(2) (. Delay. In MSS. of 14th 


¥ia Knnc iTtir IIibI he irai made, 

fie fd wittmatBii Itnfer ^ait. 
Abafblled, part. p. Baffled; 

treated scornfully. 

yabaiiter). Asham- 
' ed ; sbuhed. 

aisied 10 Ajplltfi 

Th»«odCTn ^ 

lliit leeil ha ni, aimtcU. uid al i 

Fitri Ft., p. ElB. 
uuneid Itio, 

1 wu ciaittkiUt li« Dare Lonle, 
Abakwabd, adv. Backwards. 
ABALiSNArs, P. (Lai.) To alien- 
ate ; to transfer property from 
one to another. 
Aband«, V. To abandon; forsake. 
And Vortifcni eofont tbe Idngdam to 

Ln in IhertTore bolli cmeUy oiajiJi, 
Andpmdcnt Kcke bolh gnuB end men 
to pleur. Minrr/or Magiiinta. 

Abandon, lufc. (A.-N. a bandon, 
at discretion). Liberally; at dis- 
cretion ; freely, fully exposed. 
Aftli tliii anirt ^ tit but reanii 
He nr< hii Kuda loo io hIok^hh. 


UeDDiglitK the liver <.lu>.<<o». 

ArUuur mU Merliu, f. 233. 

i.B\iiDViii,v.(J.-!f.) Tosnbjecli 

to abandon. StelloH. 
Lbarct, I. {Med. Lai. abarlia.} 

Ibabk. e. (A.-S. aiarian). To 

make bare. 
Lbakilc, i>. (from A.'N. atarrtr). 

Bfducyn^ to rcmembrannce the pryied 

ibarrf ydolatrje and 

of the lainc 

Abarstick, I. Insatiableness. 
Abarstir, adj. More donncaat. 
U^ht uo man be nharttir- 

Tomeliy JfyileriM. 

Abasb, e. (A-N. aioi»(er). To 
cast donn ; to humble, ^irutr. 
Among illiterate persons, it is 
still used in the sense of debate. 
"I WDnldn^ aidnrnjielf by deecendine 
to hold aUY lonveruLiou > ith hiiii." 

Olinr Twitt. ii), IM. 

Abashmknt, *. (_A.-N.) The stale 

of being abashed. 
Abast, pari, p. Downcast. See 

Abastabdize, e. {A.-N. aba»/ar. 

dtr). To render ille^timate or 

Abasurb, e. (A.-N.) AbasemeDt. 
Ababtice, adj. Insatiable. 
ABATAYLURNT.t. (A.-N.) Battle- 

meot. Sir Gauayne, p. 30. 
Abati, v. {A.-N.) tl) To subtract. 

Abatyn, subtraho. Prompt. Parr. 

It was (be technical («rm for the 

(2) To beat down, or overthrow. 

(3) To cast down, or depress the 
mind. Shakeep. 

(4) To cease. 

Ts CDDtiiiaunce ahatrd eny boot to make. 



(5) To contract, or cut short. 

(6) To lower, applied to banners. 
Common in this sense in the 
metrical romances. 

Alle the baners that Crysten foonde 
They were abatyde. 

Octovian Imp^ 1743. 

(7) To flutter, or beat with the 
wings. A hawking term. 

An hawke that traveyleth upon the 
tevne, a man may knowe if he take 
he'de, for suche is her maner that she 
wolde pante for ahatyng then another 
doth, for in and if she shold lie a litell 
uhile almoste she wolde lose her breth, 
whether she be high or lowe. 

Reliq. Antiq., i, 300. 

(8) To reduce to a lower temper, 
applied to metal. 

(9) To disable a writ. A law 

Abatement, s. {A.-N.) (1) "A 
mark added or annexed to a 
coat [of arms] by reason of some 
dishonourable act, whereby the 
dignity of the coat is abased.'' 
Holme's Academy of Armory. 
(2) A diversion or amusement. 

Abaty, v. (A.-N.) To abate. 

And that he for ya nevew wolde, for to 

abaty stryf. 
Do hey amendement, sawve lyme and lyf. 

Bob. Olouc. 

ABAUT,j»rQ?. About. North. 

IV. (from A.'N. abauhir 
or abaudir.) To asto- 
ABAUE, ^ nish, to confound, used 
ABAVB, I by Chaucer, and writers 
his time. 

D, by 
J of 

For, soche another, as I gesse, 
Aforne ne was, ne more vemiaile ; 
I was abawed for mei-veile. 

Bom. of the Bose^ 3644. 

My mirth and raelis is fnsting, 
My countenance is nicet^, 
And al abawed where so 1 be. 

The Dreme, 614. 

Many men of his kynde satih liim so 
aJbaued. Langtoft's Chron.t p. 210. 

(2) {A.'S.) To bow; to bend. 

Alle the knyghtes of Walis londe. 
Ho made abavoe to liis honde. 

Cambridge MS. ofUtk Cent, 

Abawt, prep. Without. Staffordsh* 
Abaye, v. (from A.^N. abayer.) 

To bark. 
Abay, #. (A.'N.) The barking of 

dogs ; at abay, at bay. 

And this doon,. every man stond abrod 
and blowe the deeth, and make a shoit 
abay for to rewarde the houndes, and 
every man have a smal rodde yn his 
honu to holUe of the houndes tlmt thd 
Bhul the better abaye. MS. Bodl. 546. 

Thus the forest they fraye. 
The hertis bade at abaye. 

Sir DegrevantCt Line. MS. 

Abay, v. To suffer a heavy pe- 
nalty; to able. This form ii 
given by Skinner. See Abie. 

Abavschid. iPT'fAbashed; 

abaysshe™, {^"t'^"^^ ^ 
' J Abatssed. 

Abayst, part. p. (A.-N-) Disap- 

And that when that they were travyst, 
And of herborow were abayst. 

Brit. Bibl, iv, 88. 

Abb, 8. (from A.'S. ab.") The yarn 

of a weaver's warp. 
Abbarayeo, j9a«^ t. Started. 

And aftyr that he knonnyngly abharay^ 
And to the kvng evyn thus he sayd. 

lydgat^s Minor Poems^ p. ^ 

Abbas, 8. An abbess. 

Abbay, v. (A.-N. abbayer.) To bay; 
to bark. See Abay. 

Abben, V. To have. Glouc. Dif- 
ferent parts of the verb in this 
form are found in Robert of 

Arture, TJter sone, of wan we tolde byvw^ 

Ye abbyth y-hurd hou he was bygete am 

Abbess, 8. According to GroWy 
this is a vulgar name for tiie 
mistress of a disreputable est»» 

Abbey, s. {A.'N.) The great whiil 
poplar, a variety of the popukl 
alba. Weslm. Yorks, 



Abbey-lubber, «. A terra of re- 
proach for idle persons. Somer- 
Met, Yorks, It is found in most 
of the early dictionaries. 
"Neither was I much unlike thoie aJtbey- 
Utbbers in my life, though farre unlike 
theni in behef, who laboured till they 
were cold." Lyly's Euphves. 

The most of that which they did bestow 
was on the rirhe, and not the poore in 
dede, as halt, lame, blinde, sicke, or im- 
potent, but lither lubbers that might 
worke and would not. In so much that 
it came into a commen proverbe to call 
him an abbay-lubber, that was idle, wel 
fed, a long lewd lither loiterer, that 
might worke and would not. 
The Bumyngt ofPa%det Church, 1663. 

Abbigget, V, To expiate: make 
amends for. See Abie, 

Abbod, 8, (J.'S.) An abbot. Rob. 
of Glouc. 

ABBKKViATEf part, p, (Lat.) De- 
creased; shortened. 

Abbrochment, «. (A.-N.) Ingross- 
ing of wares to sell by retail. Cock, 

Abbrochb, v. {A.'N.) To broach 
a barrel. Prompt, Pare, 

Abbvt, conj. Aye but. Yorks, 

Abbyt, «. A habit. 

And chanones gode he dede therinne, 
Unther the abbyt of seyiite Austynue. 
Wrighe» St. Patrick's Purgatory, p. 66. 

Abcb, 8, The alphabet. A not un- 
common word in the 16th Cent. 

Aboevenham, 8, An astrological 
term for the head of the twelfth 
house, in a scheme of the 

Abducb, V, (Lat, abduco.) To lead 


from the wh}^ch opinion I colde not 

abduee them with al my endevor. 

Stale Papers, temj^ Hen. VIII. 

Abbar, V, (from J,-S,'aberan.) To 
deport; to conduct. 

So did Hie faerie knight himselfe alearef 
And stooped oft his head from shame 
to shield. Spenser. 

Good abearing, or abearance, the 
proper and peaceful carriage of a 
loyal subject. A law phrase. 
Whereof eche one was pledge and 
BOretie for others' good dbearing. 

Lambard^s Peramb. ofKetit, 1596. 

Abearance is still the technical 
word, in law, for such behaviour 
as the lawdeems unexceptionable. 
(2) To bear ; to tolerate. A vul- 
Abece, 8, The alphabet; and, 
from this, the elements of a sci- 
ence. Found in writers of the 
14th and 15th Cents. 

Clerc he was gcd ynou, and yut, as me 

telleth me, 
lie was more than ten yer old ar he 

couthe ys abece. Bob. Glouc., p. 266. 

A place, as man may se, 

Quan a chyld to scole xal set be« 

A bok hym is browi, 
Naylyd on a bfede of tre. 
That men callyt an alece, 

Pratylych i-wrout. 

Beliq. Antiq., \, 63. 

Whan that the wise man acompteth 
Aftir the formel propirt6 
Of algorismes oAece. 

Gower, MS. Soe. Ant. 

i. e. the abc, or elements, of arithmetic. 
Abecedarian, 8, {Lat. abeceda- 

rius.) One who teaches or learns 

the alphabet. Mimheu, 
Abecedary, adj. Alphabetical. 
Abeched, part,p, {A,-N.) Fed; 


5it schulde I sum delle been abeched. 
And for the tyme wel refrcched. 

Govcer, MS. Soe. Ant. 

Abed, adv. In bed. Var, dial. 

Abedb, v. (A.'S.) To bid; to 
offer. In MSS. of 14th Cent. It 
also occurs as the past tense of 

Aberr, V, To bear with ; tolerate. 

Abegge. See Abie. 

In the MS. of Gower, belonging 

to the Society of Antiquaries, we 

have abege, used as though the 

g were soft. 

lie wolde don his sacrilege. 

That many a nian it schulde ahege. 

So in Urry, a passage from Chau- 
cer's Cant, T. is printed — 

There durst no wight hand on hira ledge. 
But he ne swore be shold abedge. 

Abeisaunce, 8, (A.-N,) Obedienceir 




Abbldb, v. (ji.-S.) To become bold. 

Thes folk of Ferce gan abelde. 

Kyng Alysaunder, 2442. 

Abele, 8. {A,'N.) The white pop- 
lar. A common name in the 

Abel-whackets, 8. A game of 
cards played by sailors; the 
loser is beaten with a knotted 
handkerchief, of which he re- 
ceives a blow, of whack, for each 
lost game. 

Abelyche, adv. Ably. 

Abbnche, adv. Upon a bench. 
Rob. Glouc, 

Abbnt, 8. A steep place. Skinner. 

ABEauiTATE, V. {Lat, abequito,) 
To ride away. This word is 
given by Minsheu, in his Guide 
into Tongues t 1627. 

Aberdavine, 8. A provincial name 
for the siskin {fringilla spintu 
of Linnaeus). 

Abere, V, (A.-S.) To bear. Rob. 
Glouc. See Abear. 

Aberemord, 8. {A.-S.) A law 
term, meaning murder fully 
proved, in distinction from man- 
slaughter and justifiable homi- 
cide. Junius. 

Abering, 8. A law phrase for the 
proper carriage of a loyal subject. 
See Abearing. 

Aberne, adj. Auburn. 

Long aberne beardes. 
Cunningham's Revels Accounts, p. 56. 

Abesse, t;. (A.-N.) To humble. 

See Abase. 
Abestor, 8. A kind of stone. 

Among stones ahestor, which being hot 
wil never be colde for our constancies. 
Lyly's Mother Bombie, 1591. 

Abet, s. Help ; assistance. 
Abettes, 8. Abbots. Monastic 

Letters, p. 206. 
ABEW,j»rq». Above. Devon. 
Abeye, v. (1) See Abie. 
(2) To bow; to obey, 
Abbyde, p. To abide. 

Abeytbd, part. p. (A.-S,) En- 
snared. In MSS. of 15th Cent. 

Hys flesshe on here was so abeyted. 
That thylke womman he coveyteyd. 

Abeysedoun, past t. pi. They 
obeyed. A form found in MSS. 
of the 15th Cent. 

Abgregate, v. (Lat.) To lead oat 
of the flock. Minsheu. 

Abhominable. a pedantic form 
of the word, prevalent in the 
16th Cent., and arising from an 
erroneous notion that it was de- 
rived from ab and homo. Shake- 
speare ridicules it in Love's La- 
bour Lostf V, 1. 

Abhor, v. {Lat.) To protest 
against, or reject formally. A 
term of canon law. 

Abhorrant, 8. A person who 
abhors. Minsheu gives this word 
in his Guide into Tongues, 1627* 

Abid. Used as the past tense of 
abide, in writers of the 16th and- 
17 th centuries. 

Abidance, 9. Dwelling; tarrying. 

Abidden, part. p. Endured. 

Abide, v. (from A.-S. abidan.) (1) 
To persevere ; to endure ; to 
suffer. Pegge gives the phrase, 
" You must grin and abide it," 
applied in cases where resistance 
is in vain. It is used by Lydgate 
in the sense of to forbear ; and 
it still occurs provincially in the 
sense of to tolerate. 
(2) It occurs sometimes as an- 
other form of Abie. 










V. (from A.-S. abie- 
gan.) To expiate; 
atone for ; nuice 
amends ; pay for. A 
^word of very common 
occurrence in eariy 
MSS., and in a great 
variety of forms of 

Here he had the destenee 
TUat the povre man xulde abS. 



te no vight hand npon liim legge, 
B Bwor anon he schuld abegge. 

Chaucer, C. T. 3935. 

re I rede, keepe the at home ; 
II shalt abeye for that is done. 

Hartshome, Met. T. 225. 

urt in Sander Sydehreche, 
3re,be his fader sowle, he schulde 
e. Bunting of the Hare, 179. 

ei, that shal thou sore eUiite. 

Totcneley Mysteries, p. 15. 

^ot thou schalt now abvy^e. 

Poems of W. Mapes, p. 345. 

It (1) 8. An abode; per- 

ince; suffering; sojourning. 

four senses of the word 

and in Rider's Diciionarie, 

ij. Patient. 

Lud bold and dbidynge 
iismares to suffre. 

Piers PL, p. 413. 

1 MS. of the 15th cent., 

rigely is used adverbially, 


myn housolde ben aUdyngely. 

DE, V. {A.'S.) To suffer. 

3 wiche schal it abiggede. 

Legend. Cathol., p. 206. 

SNT, ABILMENT, «. (1) Ha- 

jnt. A common ortho- 

y of the 16th and begin. 

>f the 17th centuries. 


liv'd gentleman of greater merit, 
or abiliment to steer a kingdom. 
Ford, Broken Heart. 

t. To make able. See j4ble, 
eiE, adj. Stronger; more 

\Uere thane ever was 

r Ector of Troye. Morte Jrthure. 

8. {A.'N.) An abyss. 
STATE, adj, {Lat,) Intes- 

RING, 8, {A.'N,) "To be 

of amerciaments before 
isoever of transgression." 
11, quoted by Cowell. Rider, 
i Dictionarie, translates it 
oo non reditwt. 

Abit, (1) pres. t. Zd pert. ting, of 
Abide. Abideth. Common in 
Chaucer, and the early writers. 

(2) 8. A habit; clothing. Rob. 


Out of ys ahyt anon Vortiger hym drow, 
And clothes, as to kyng bicome, dude on 
him faire j-uowj. 

(3) 8. A habit or custom. 

(4) 8. An obit, or service for the 
dead. Apology for the LoUard8t 
p. 103. 

Abitacle, 8. (Lat.) A habitation, 
or dwelling. 

In whom also be ;e bUdid togidre into 
the abitacle of God in the Hooli Goost. 


Abite. (1) «. A habitation; a dwell- 

To leve his abite, and gon his wale. 

Rom. of the Rose, 4914. 

(2) 8. (A.-N.) A habit. 

Also wymmen in coverable ahite with 
schamefastnesse and sobrenesse araignje 

JFickliffe's New Testament, 1 Tym. ii. 

(3) V. See Abie. 

(4) V. (from A.-S. abitan.) To 

Abited, adj. Mildewed. Kent. 

Abiten, part. p. Bitten ; devoured. 

A thousent shep ich habbe abiten, 
And mo, 5ef hy weren i-writen. 

Seliq. Antiq., ii, 276. 

Abition, *. (Lot.) Going away; 
dying. Cockeram. 

Abitte, pr, tense. 8. from abiden. 

Abject, (Lat.) (1) «• A base, des- 
picable person. 

I deemed it better so to die. 
Than at my foeman's feet an abject lie. 
Mirrourfor Magistrates, p. 30. 

(2) V. To reject ; to cast away. 
Abjection, 8, {Lat.) (1) Baseness, 
(2) An objection. 

For they must take in hande 
To prech, and to witbstande 
All maner of oAiect'mu. 

ABJ 8 

Abjects, 9, (from the Lat, abjectL) 
Castaways ; persons abjected. 
Shakespeare*^ Richard III. 

Ablactation, s. {Lai.) A par- 
ticular method of grafting, where 
the cyon is as it were weaned by 
degrees from its maternal stock, 
but not wholly cut off, till it is 
firmly united to the stock on 
which it is grafted. See the 
Dictionarium Rwtticum, 8vo. 
Lond. 1726. 

KBLA3HD,part.p, {A,'S.) Blinded. 

The wahnes han the aJbland. 

Sevyn Sages, 2462. 

ABLAauEATioN, 8, {Lat,) The 
practice of opening the ground 
about the roots of trees, for the 
admission of air and water. 

Ablastb, 8. {A.'N,) A cross-bow. 
Prompt. Parv. jThe correspond- 
ing Latin word balUta in the 
Prompt, Parv, does not give a 
▼ery definite explanation. It is 
said to be synonymous with the 
cross-bow; but in a passage in 
Hall, a distinction seems to be 
made between them. The arb- 
last was doubtless, like the cross- 
bow, a weapon used for the pro- 
jection of arrows, but perhaps of 
a more formidable character, for 
from Hall it would appear that 
there was a difference of some 

Ablastb, ^909/ /. Blasted. It oc- 
curs in the MS. of Gower in the 
Soc. Ant. Library. 

Venym and fyre togedir he caste. 
That he Jason so sore ahlaste. 

Able, v, {A.-N,) (1) To make 
able, or to give power for any 

And life by this (Chriit's) death abUd, shall 

Peath, whom thy death slew. 

Donne's Div'iM Toems. 

(2) To warrant, or answer for ; 
to undertake for any one. 


Kone does offend, none; I say bom; /ff 
ahle*em. Xear, It.I 

Admitted 1 aye, into her heart, PU ahU U. 
Widow* s Tears, O. P., vi, Ui 

Constable Vll able him; if he do 
to be a justice afterward, let him thank tiM 
keeper. Changeling, A^- ^t ^» '^ 

To sell away all the powder in the ki^gdaa^ 

To prevent blowing up. That's safe, ik 

able it. Middl. Game at Chesak 

(3) To make fit or suitable for. 

Grod tokeneth and assygneth the time% 
ablynge hem to ther propre o^cea. 

The 1st Hoke ofBoe^m. 

Wlierfore what tyroe a man dooth vhtf 
he may in ablytufe hym to erace, htt 
sofiBcith to him, for God askith not of a 
man that he seeth impossible to hym. 
Caxton's Divers Fruytful Ghostly Muten. 

(4) adj. Fit; proper. 

A monk ther was, a fair for the maistxic^ 
An out-rydere, that loved venerye ; 
A manly man, to ben an abbot able. 

Chaucer's Canterb. Takt, 161. 

(5) Wealthy. Her^ord8h, North, 
An able man, i. e, a rich man. 

Ablbctick, adj, (from Lat, ab and 
lego.) Set out for sale. Cockeram* 

Ablegation, 8. {Lat.) A dismis- 
sion ; a dispersion. 

Ablembntes, 8, Habiliments. See 

Ablbndb, V, {A,'S, ablendan,) To 
blind; to dazzle. 

Ableness, 8. Power ; strength. 

Ablent, part, p. Blinded; de- 

Ablepsy, 8, {Gr, apXe^ia,) Blind* 

Abless, adJ, Careless and negli- 
gent; untidy; slovenly in per- 
son. Lincolnsh, 

Ablet, 8. {A.-N, able.) The bleaki 
a small fresh-water fish. It it 
said by Ash in his Dictionarjf, 
1795, to be " a local word ;" but 
ablette is given by Cotgrave as 
the French word for the same 
fish. It is still used in WefU 

Ablewe, past t. Blew upon. 



Ablicbe, adv. Ably. MSS. of 15tb 

Abliourt, «. (From Lot abligu- 

rio.) " Spending in belly cheere." 

Ablinden, v. (from A,'S, ablin- 

dan.) To blind ; to dazzle. 

Why inenestow thi mood for a mote 
In thi brotheres eizhe, 
Sithen a beem in thyn owene 
Jhlyndeth thiselve. 

Hers Ploughman, p. 189. 

Ablins, adv. Perhaps; possibly. 
North. Aiblins is used in 
Lineolnsh,; when a person has 
been taunted by another, and 
wishes to reply contemptuously 
to an inquiry whether be is about 
to do such and such a thing, he 
will say, '* aibUns I may, aiblins 
I roay'nt." 
Ablocate, v. (Lot.) To set, or 
let out to hire. This is the ex- 
planation of the word in Cocke- 
ram's English Dictionaries 1639. 
ABLODE,a<fv. Bloody; with blood; 
bleeding. We read in an Oxford 
MS. 14th cent., 

Olabrious sat and byheld 
How here lymes ronne ahlode. 
Thou seje hyne hyder and thyder y-cached 

Fram Pylate to Herode, 
So me bete hys bare flesc^e. 
That hyjt ame all ablode. 

W. de Shoreham. 

Abloy, intefj. {A.'N. ablof) An 
exclamation used in hunting, and 
equivalent to On ! On ! 

Ablude, V, (Lat. abludo.) To dif- 
fer ; to be unlike. 

Ablusion, 9. {Lat.) A chemical 
term, for the cleansing of medi- 
cines from drugs or impurities. 

Abnegation, s. {Lat.) Self-denial. 

O let me imitate so blessed example, 
and by the merits of thy obedience, let 
me obtain the pace or liumility, and 
abnegation of all my own desires in the 
clearest renunciation of my will. 

Taylor's Great Exemplar. 

Abnorme, V. (from Lat. abnormis.) 

To disfigure : disguise. Chaucer, 



Aboade, part, p. of abide. Suf- 
fered; endured. 

For all her maydens much did feare, 
If Oberon had chanc'd to heare 
That Mab his Queene should haTC beene 
He would not hare aboade it. 


Aboard, v. (from the Fr. aborder,) 
To approach the shore. 
(2) In some games, this phrase 
signifies that the person or side 
in the game, which was previ- 
ously either none or few, has 
now got to be as many as the 
other. Dyche. 

Abobbed, adj. (from A.-N, aboby, 
astonished.) Astonished. 

The messengers were abobbed tho. 
Thai nisten what thai mighten do. 

Arthour and Merlin, p. 74. 

8. {A.-N.) In- 
crease. Prompt. 

Abode, v. {A.'S.) To bode ; to fore- 
bode. The word occurs in Shake- 
speare. Abodementt 8., is also 
used in the sense of an omen or 

(2) 8. Delay. 

(3) Past tense of abide. Waited 

Abofe, 8. A dwelling ; an abode. 

Wolde God, for his modurs Inf, 
Bryng me onys at myne abofe, 
1 were out of theire eve. 

Carnbridge JaS., 15th cent. 

Aboffe, prep. Above. 

Be Jhesu Cryst that is ahqffe. 

CoJeewoUs Daunee, S17. 

Abogen, part. p. Bowed. 
Abohte, past tense, sing., of Abie. 

Atoned for. Aboghten occurs as 

the pi. 

Murie he ther wrohte. 
Ah Bymenild hit abohte. 

Kyng Horn, 1402. 

Aboletb, adj. {Lat. abolitus.) An- 
tiquated ; obsolete. Skelton 
speaks of *' abolete sciens." 




Aboxk, (1) V, (^.-iV.) To make 

good or seasonable ; to ripen ; to 

dispatch quickly. 

(2) prep. Above. 

{Z)adv. Well. 

And a good swerde, that wolde byte ahone. 

Sir Gawayne, p. 217. 

ABOODf past ierue of abide. Waited ; 
expected; remained. 
And Cornelie <^ood hem with hise 
cosyns and necessarie frendis that weren 
cl^id togidre. 

Wiciliff6*8 New Testament, Acts x. 

Aboon, prep. Above ; overhead. 


Aboord, adv. From the bank. 

As men in summer fearles passe the foord, 

Whicli is in winter lord of all the plaine, 

And with his tumbling streames doth beare 


The ploughmans hope and shepheards 

labour vaine. 

Spenser^ s Buines of Borne, 1591. 

Aboot, part, p. Beaten down. 

Aboove, pret. Above. West. 

AborEi part.p. Born. Somersetsh, 

Aborm ENT, 8, An abortion. Top- 
sell's History of Four-Footed 
Beasts, 1607. We have abors- 
ment in Higins' Noraenclator, 
and abort in Florio, ed. 1611. 

Abort, v. {Lat.) To bring forth 
before the time. 

Abortive, s, {J.-N,) An abor- 

Abostb, V, {A.'N.) To assault. 
A Bretone, a braggere, 
Ahosted Piers als. Piers PI, p. 126. 

Abote. {I) part, p. Beaten down. 


(2) pret. About. 

They cum the towne ahote. 

Jteliq. Antiq., ii, 21. 

Abothe, prep. Ah ove. Arthour 

and Merlin f p. 18. 
Abought, (1) the past tense of 

abie. Atoned for. 

(2) Bought. 

(3) An incorrect form of about. 
Aboughwed, part, p. Bowed; 


Kbovs^ prep. Above. 

Tliey said that songe was tliis to sey. 
To tiod ahouH be jov and biysse ! 

Tundale's Visions, p. 168. 

Abounds, part. Abounding. 

Byjt so this mayde, of grace most abounds, 


Abour£, 8, {A.'N.) The same at 

avourt; a patron. 

By God and Seynte Mary, myn ahowi. 

MS. of\Uk cent. 

About, adv, (1) In a circle. It 
is used by Shakespeare in the 
sense of to work f as in Hamlet, 
ii, 2, "about, my brains 1" i, e. 
" brains, go to work." 
(2) prep. Near, in the dialect of 
the Eastern Counties, where they 
say *' worth nothing a6<m/ twenty 

Abouten, adv. About. Chaucer, 
Still used in Sussex, 

About-sledge, s, A smith's great 
forging hammer. 

About- WARD, adv. Near. 

Abouye, t;. (A.-S.) To bow. Eob. 

Aboujte, part, past of ahie. 

Or it schalle sone been abouxte. 

MS. Oower. 

Aboven, prep. Above. 
Abowe, V, {A,'S, abogan.) (1) To 

(2) V, To avow ; to maintain. 

In blood he stode, ich it ahowe. 
Of horse and man into the anclowe. 
EUis*s Romances, ed. 1811, i, 279. 

(3) prep. Above. 

Abowed, part. p. Daunted; 

ashamed. Cockeram, 
ABOVfKKf prep. Above. 
Abo WES, *. {A.-N) Probably for 

abourest or avoures^ patron saints. 

God and Seinte Mary, and Sein Denis also, 

And alle the abovoes of thischurche, in was 

ore ich am i-do. Bob. Glouc., p. 475. 

ABOWGUTf prep. About. 
Abowtyne, adv. About. 
Abo^ede, past t. Bowed. 
ABO^Tf past t. Bought. 




Abrad, part, p. (from A.-S. ahreo- 
dan.) Killed; destroyed. 
The gode bnr^eis on a dai. 
His jrmpe thnvende he sai, 
Fair i-woxe and fair i-sprad. 
But the oldetre was ahrad. 

Sevyn SageSt 610. 

Abbade, V, {Lat, abrado,) To rub, 
or scrape off. 

Abraham-coloub, Abraham-co- 
LOURED. Supposed to be auburn. 
"A goodly, long, thick, Abraham- 
coloured beard," occurs in Blurt 
Master Constable, 1602. See 


Where is the eldest son of Priam, 
That Abraham-coloured Trojan. 

Soliman and Perseday 1599. 

Abraham-men. The slang name 
of a class of beggars in the 8ix> 
teenth century. Nares thinks 
the phrase " to sham Abraham " 
has some connection with it. 
An Ahraham-man is he that walketh 
bare-armed, and bare-legged, and fayn- 
eth hymself mad, and caryeth a packe 
of wool, or a stycke with baken on it, 
or such lyke toye, and nameth himself 
poore Tom. 

Fratemitye of Faeabondes, 1575. 
His helpe extends farre and neere to 
furtive raga-mufiins, under the signe 
of unpotent soldiers, or wandring Jbra- 
ham-men: but bis helpe proves the 
maintenance of their function, because 
it proves his owne, by occasion: for 
being received as a secretary to the 
counsell of vagrants, hee conceales much 
idle property, in advantage of himselfe 
and countrymen, not of the common- 
Stephen^ i Essays and Characters^ 1615. 

Abraham's balm,«. An old name 
for a species of willow. Bullo- 
kar, English Expositor, 1641. 
Cockeram explains it as " a wil- 
low in Italy that brings forth 
agnus castus like pepper.'' 
Abraid£,v. (from A.-S, abradian.) 
(1) To awaken ; to start up. 
Ipomydon with that stroke abraydSy 
And to the kynge thus he sayde. 

Ipomydon, 1149. 
When he espied the 'squire, therewith 
be abrayed and break himself loose, 
and took his sword in his hand, and ran 
to have slain that 'squire. 

Mulory, Mist. qfK. Arthur , i, 419. 

Whan all to all 
Shall come, he sliall, 
i I trust from vyce abrayed. 

, The New Notborune Mayd. 

Tho sche herd the angel voice, 
Sche bigan to abrayd. 

Legmd ofSeynt Mergrete, p. 115. 

(2) To upbraid. 

Bochas present felly gan abrayde 
To Messaline, and even thus he sayde. 

Bochas, b. vii, c. 4. 

Atreus after with a full brode chere, 
And of enwe full dead in hys visage, 
I'nto John Bochas he gan approche nere, 
Liche as lie had befallen in a rage, 
And furiously abrayde in his language. 

Id., b. i, fol. xxii. 

(3) To draw a sword from its 

(4) To apply one's self briskly to 
a thing. 

/ abrayde, I inforce me to do a tliynge. 


(5) To rise on the stomach with 
a feeling of nausea. North, 

(6) To excite ; stir up. 
Abram. Naked. A cant word. 

•*Abram cove" is an expression 
used amongst thieves, signifying 
a poor man, and also a strong 
thief. ** Abram cove, naked or 
poor man." Coles* English Die- 
tionary, 1677. See also Mid- 
dleton's Works, iii. 32. 

Abram-coloured. This phrase 
is used by Shakespeare in Corio- 
lanus, ii. 3: "Our heads are 
some brown, some black, some 
abram, some bald, but that our 
wits are so diversly coloured." 
The folio of 1685 alters abram to 
auburn. See Abraham-coloured, 

Abrasb, v. {Lat.) To shave. This 
word occurs in Cockeram's Eng- 
lish Dictionarie, 1639. 
(2) Part. p. Smoothed; shaved. 
The fourth, in white, is Apheleia, a 
nymph as nure and simple as the soul, 
or as an abrase table, and is therefore 
called Simplicity. BenJonson, ii,366. 

Abread, adj, Unconfined ; spread 

out; exposed. North, 
A BRED, part, p. Brought up. 





Abrkde, (1) V, To wander. \ 
How Troilus nere out of his witte ahrede\ 
And wept full sore, with visage pale of hewe. 
The Testament of Creseide, 4^. 

(2) adv. In breadth. North, 

(3) adv. Abroad. Yorks, It 
occurs in Chaucer. 

Abregge, \ V, {A,'N.) To abridge; 

ABREOE, J to shorten. 
Abreke, V, (^A,~S, abrecan.) To 

break in. 
Abrenouncb, v. {Lat. abrenuntio.) 

To renounce utterly. 
Abrept, v. (Lat,) To take away 

by violence. 
Abreydb. See Abraide, 
Abric, 8, Sulphur. Coles, 
Abricock, \8. (from Fr, abricot,) 
Abricot, j An apricot. In Ge- 
rard's Herbal it is spelt abre- 
cock. The form abricock is still 
in use in Somersetshire. "An 
adnco^ fruite, malum armenium.'' 
BareVs Alvearie, 1580. 

Whose golden gardens seeme th' Hesperides 

to mock : 
Nor there the damzon wants, nor daintie 


Drayton's Poljfolbion, song 18. 

A BRIDGE, », (A.-N.) To diminish. 

Whose chilling cold had bound her bowels 

As in no wise she could abridge his wo. 

Turberville's Tragicall Tales, 1587. 

Abridgement, s. The word was 
used in Shakespere's time (see 
Mids. N. D., V, 1) to signify a 
dramatic performance; perhaps 
from the prevalence of the histo- 
rical drama, in which the events 
of years were so abridged as to 
be brought within the compass of 
a play. In Hamletf ii, 2, " Look 
where my abridgement comes," 
the sense is doubtful, fiut in a 
subsequent passage Hamlet calls 
the players "the abstract, and 
brief chronicles of the time." 

Abrigge, V, (1) To abridge. 

(2) To shield off. 

Alle myscheffes from him to ahriqge. 


12 ABS 

Abripted, part, p, (JLat,) Kt« 
vished ; stolen away. Cockeram* 

Abroach, Iv. (from A.-S. abrm* 

ABROCHE J can,) To tap ; to set 

flowing. Chancer and Lydgate. 

And rushing in amongst his foes^ bo hate 

a skirmish made. 
That everyblowe sets blood abroaeh. 

Warner's Albion's England^ 1693. 

Call all my servants, lav down all my 
meat to the fire, set all my hogsheads 
abroach, Shadwell, Bury lair, 1689. 

"^ (1) adj. Broad. Jfm- 
. I sheu, 

ABROAD, ^^2) adv. In pieces; 
ABRODE, j asunder. Cor»w. Away; 
J in pieces. Dorset, 

(3) adv. Abroad. North. 

(4) part, p. Spread abroad. 

Abrodieticall, adj. (from Gr, 
a(5podiaiToc.) "A daintie feeder, 
or delicate person." Minsheu^s 
Guide into Tongues y 1627. 

Abroke, part. p. (1) One that 
has a rupture is said to be aibroke. 
(2) Torn. Hampsh, 

Abroken, part, p. Broken out; 

Abron, adJ, Auburn. 
A lustie courtier, whose curled head 
With abron locks was fairly furnished. 
Hall, Sat., b. iii, 8. 5. 

Abrood, adv, (1) Abroad. 

(2) Sitting, applied to a hen. 
Abrook, V, To brook, endure, 

suffer. Shakespeare* 8 Henry Vh 
Abrupt, part, p. {Lat, abruptus.) 

Abruption, s, (Lat.) A breaking 

off. Minsheu. 
Abrygge, v. To be shortened. 

My dayes, make y never so quaynte, 

Sc'hullen abrygge and sumwhat swage. 

Cambridge Mi 

Absconsion, 8, {Lat. absconsio. 

Absist, v. {Lat,) To desist. 
Absolent, adj. Absolute. 
And afterward, syr, verament, 
They called hym knyght absolent. 

Sguyr of Lowe Degre, 630. 




Absoletb, adj. Obsolete. 

Absolute, (1) adj, (LaL) Very 
accomplished; perfect. 
(2) part, p. Absolved; get at 
Hberty. Chaucer. 

Absolvb, V, {Lat.) To finish. 

Absonant, adj, (Lat.) (1) Dis- 
cordant, disagreeing. Jibsonowt 
was used in the same sense. 
(2) Untunable. Cockeram, 

Abstacle, 8, for obstacle. 

Abstent, adj. Absent. Warw. 

Absteb, t;. {Lat. abtterreo,) To 

Abstinent, a4;> {Lat,) Abstemious. 

AssTiNt not, 9, Abstemiousness. 

ABSTORauED, part, p, (Lat,) 
Wrested away by force. This is 
Miruheus, explanation in his 
Guide into Tongues, 1627. 

Abstract, 8. (from Lat. abstraho.) 
A separation. Shakespeare. 

Absume, v. {Lat, absumo.) To 
bring to an end by a gradual 
waste ; to eat up. Abaumption, 

Absurd. A scholastic term, em- 
ployed when false conclusions 
are illogically deduced from the 
premises of the opponent. 

Abthanb, 8. A steward. Minsheu. 
Said to be the old title of the 
High Steward of Scotland. 

Abu, prep. Above. Devon. 
Abuchtment, 8, {A.-N.) An am- 
» Abuoe, v. {A.-S,) To bid; to 
offer. MS. 15/A cent, 

Abue, 1 V. (from A.-S. abugan,) 
abuy, J To bow ; to obey. 

Kyng Aylbright gret despyt adde in ys 
i thogt, 

I That the Brutons nolde seynte Austvn 

tiAue noght. Robert of Glouc.) p. 235. 

.Hii ne ssoldeto Englyssemen abue rygt 

nothyng. lb. p. 234. 

. Abuf, prep. Above. 

Abuggbn, V, Another form of the 

verb to abie, which see. 
Abuin, prep. Above. North, 

Abundand, part, a. Abounding. 

Abdndation, 8, Abundance. jHei'e* 

Aburnb, adj. Auburn. It is 
sometimes spelt aboumef as in the 
Triallof Witts, 1604. 

Abuschid, part, p. Ambushed. 

Abuse, v, (A.-N.) To deceive; 
to impose upon. Abusable, that 
may be abused, and abusage, 
abuse, were words employed in 
the 17th century. 

Abused, /^ar/. p. Fallen into abuse ; 
become depraved. 

Abuseful, adj. Abusive. Here' 

Abushement, 8* An ambush. 

Abushmently, adv. In ambush. 

Abusion, 8, An abuse. Chaucer 
and Spenser. 

He presumeth and taketh upon liym in 
purtie your estate royal in callyiig be- 
fore bym into greate abuMon of all your 
lande, and derogacion of your liigiiuus, 
whiche hath not been sene nor used in 
no dayes heretofore. 

Hall, Henry VI, fol. C2. 

Abusious, adj. Abusive. 
Thou abusious villaine! 

Taming of a Shrew, 1607. 

Abut, conj. Sometimes used in the 
beginning of a sentence, where 
no more is really meant than 
would be expressed by the word 
but. North, 

Abuttal,*. (^.-iV.) A boundary. 

Abuyje. See Abie. 

Abvert, v. {Lat. abverto.) To turn 
awav. Cockeram. 

Abvolate, v. {Lat. abvolo.) To 
fly away. Cockeram. 

Abwene, prep. Above. 

Thane come of tlie oryente 
Ewyne hynie agaynez 
A b'iake bustous bere 
Abwene in the clowdes. 

Jllorte Jrthure, 

Aby, V, To abide ; to feel the effect 
of a thing. Shak, Mids. Night's 
Dream, Same as Abie. 
Abyche. See Abie, 
Abydoe, part. p. of abide. 




Abyde, V, (A.'S.) To forbear. 
Chaucer, See Abide, 

^^I^Jtl \ An abvss. See AMme, 


Abyt, V. pres. t, of abyde, Abi- 

deth. See Abit, 
Abyyd. a form of abidCy found in 

fiome early MSS. 
Ac, conj. (A,-S.) But. 
Academe, s, {Gr.) An academy. 

Lovers Labour Lost, 
Academy, s. This word is used 
' by Ben Jonson, and Beaumont 

and Fletcher, with the accent on 

the first syllable. 
AcAiD, 3. {A.'S, aced.) Vinegar. 
AcALB, adj. (from A,-S, acaliaHf to 

cool.) Cold. 

Por blood may snffre blood, 
Bothe hungry and acale, 

Fters Floughmarif p. 893. 

AcARNE, 8, (Lat, acame,) The 

sea-roach. Kersey, 
AcAs, adv. By chance 
AcASiAN, 8, *' Acasian, that is jus 

of wodstone/' Med. MS., 14th 

AcASTE, V, {A,-S.) To cast away ; 

to lose. 

The olde tre his vertu pran acaste. 

The Sevyn Sages, 600. 

(2) To be cast away. 
AcATER, *. {A.'N, aeater.) A ca- 
terer ; a purveyor. 

He is my wardrobe man, my aeater, cook, 
Butler, and steward. Devil is an Jss, i, 2. 

• 8, {A,'N,) Victuals; 

provisions purchased. 

*" Abridged to cate, 

J which see. 

Whan' I cam eerlv or late, 

I pinched nat at hem in myn aeate. 

JSoccleve, i, 180. 

Cotgrave, defining the term pit- 
tance, says, it imported ** meat, 
food, acates, yictual of all sorts, 
bread and drink excepted.'' 

The Mantuan, at his charges, him allow'th 
All fine wates that that same country^ bred. 
Harriugton's Ariost.,jM,lZ9, ' 


Acatry, 8. (A.-N.) The place al- 
lotted for the provisions pur- 
chased for the king by his pur- 

AcAusE, conj. Because. Suffolk. 

AcAWMi^, part, p. Coming. So- 

AcAZE, prep, (A,-N,) Against. 
Rob, Glouc. 

Accable, v. {Fr.) To press down. 

AccAHiNTS, 8. Accounts. Staffords. 

AccENSED,/7ar/./7. {Lat.) Kindled. 

AccEPciON, 8, {Lat.) Reception ; 

AccERSE, V. {Lat, aecerso.) To 

summon ; call together. 

Wherfore the erle, consideryng that 
kyng Edward did dayly encrease hys 
power, as a runnyng ryver by goyng 
more and more augmented, thought it 
moste necessary for hym to geve him 
battayle with spede, and therupon 
accersed and called together hys array. 
EaU, Edward IF, fol. 26. 

Access, s. Used by Shakespeare 
in Hamlet, ii, 1, accented on the 
first syllable. 

Accesse,^. (in Lat. accessus febris, 
the access of a fever.) A fever ; or, 

more properly, the fit of an ague. 
For npon hym he had an note accesse. 
That uaie by daie hym shoke full pitouslie. 

The Complaint of the Blacke Knight, 137. 

AccEssivELiE, adv, {Lat,) Acces* 

sorily ; as an accessory. 

AcciDAVY, 8, An affidavit. North, 

"^ 8, {accidia in medieval 

Accidie, ^Lat,, derived from the 

ACCiDE, I 6rr.<iKi7^ia, carelessness, 

, sloth.) Indolence, sloth. 

He hadde an accidie. 
That he sleep Saterday and Sondav. 

Fiers Ft., p.* 99. 

AcciPiTRiiiY, 8, {Lat. accipitra' 

rius,) A falconer. 

1 V. {Lat, accire,) To in- 

AcciTE, I cite ; also, to summon, or 

ACITE, ^call. Shakespeare, 2 

J Henry IV, and Tit, And, 

We be all by the condycyon egall, now 
acgted for to appere unto suche and 
too mervavlous jugcmeut. 
The Ordynarye of Crytten Men, p. 820. 




AccLiTS, "I {Lat, aecHvis.) Slo- 
ACCLivous, J ping ; rising ; steep. 
AccLOY, V. (1) {A,.N,') To cram ; 
clog; oyerload; doy. 

Gorbo, my comfort is aeeloyd with care, 
A new mishap my wonted joyes hath 
Then menraile not although my mnsiclce 
Wlien she the author of her mirth hath 
lUphin is dead, and in his grave is laid, be. 
Drayton^ Shephertts Garland, 1593. 

(2) (from the Fr. enchuer.) To 

drive a nail in shoeing a horse. 

Hence, accloyd, *., a wound given 

to a horse in shoeing, by driving 

the nail into the quick. 
AccoAST, V. To sail by the coast; 

to fly near the ground. 
Ne is there hawk that mantleth her on 

'Whether high towering or accoatting low. 
Spenser's Faerie Queene. 

AccoiL, V, (A.'Ni) To be in a coil, 

or bustle of business. 

Abont the cauldron many cookes aceoyld 
With hooks and ladles. 

Spenser's F. Q., II, ix, 80. 

AccoLE, \v. (A,'N. accgler.) To 

ACOLB, J embrace round the neck. 

Hence, accolade^ the ceremony 

of embracing, at the creation of 


Then acoUs he the knyjt, and kysses hym 

As saverly and sadly as he hem sette couthe. 

Syr Gatouyne, p. 71. 

AccoLOED, part, p. Become cold ; 

Buffering from cold. 

When this knyght that was accolded, — 
and hit was grete froste, — and be saw 
the fyre, he descendide of his horse, 
and yede to the fyre, and warmide him. 

Gesta Bomanorum. 

AccoMBBROus, odj, Cumbersome; 

Gii of Warwike mi name is; 
Ivel ich am acumbred y-wis. 

Gy qf Warmke, p. 817. 

Happlve there may be five less in the same 

nombre ; 
For their sakes I trust thu wilt not the 

rest accombre. Old Flay, i, 20. 

Accommodate, v. (from the Ital. 
accommodare.) This word it 
was fashionable in Shakespeare's 
time to introduce, properly or 
improperly, on all occasions, 
fien Jonson calls it one of " the 
perfumed terms of the time." 
The indefinite use of it is well 
ridiculed by Bardolph's vain at- 
tempt to define it : 
Accommodated ; that is, when a man is, 
as they say, accommodated : or when a 
roan is, — being, — whereby, — ^he may be 
thought to be, — aecomnwdated ; which 
is an excellent thing. 2 Hen. IV, iii, 2. 

Hostess, accommodate us with another 

bedstafif — 
The woman does not understand the words 

of action. 

B. Jon., Ev. M. in H., i, 5. 

Will yon present and accommodate it to the 

Id., Poetaster, iii, 4. 

Accomplish, v, {A.'N.) To fur- 
nish ; to perform. Shakesp. 
Merch. Ven, and Tarn. Shrew, 

Accompte, v. (A.'N.) To tell ; to 
recount. Skellon, 

AccoNFERMENT, 8.{A.-N,) A Con- 
firmation. Jiob. GUmc, 

AccoRAGE, V, To encourage. Spen- 

AccoRATH-EARTH, 9, A field; 
green arable earth. North, 

Accord, 1«. {A,-N.) An agree- 
ACORD, j ment ; a decision. 
Shakespeare uses this word in 
the sense of agreement in At 
You Like It ; as a verb, to agree, 
in Romeo and Juliet; and ac- 
cordant, agreeable, in Much Ado 
about Nothing, 

Thou opene niyne lyppen. Lord, 
Let felthe of senne out wende. 

And my monthe wyth wel god acord 
Schel thyne worscliypyng sende. 

William de Shoreham. 

Sire knight, quoth he, maister and my 

Now dfuweth cut, for that is myn aeord. 
Chaucer's CatUerbury Tales, 8SP. 




AccoROAtJNT, part, a. Agreeing. 

Suche thynge whereof a man may lere, 
That to verttt ia acordawtt. 

Qovoer, MS. 

The printed edition of Gower has 
the word acordend, 
Nowe mvght thou here next sewend 
Whiche to this vyce is aeordend. 

Gower, ed. 1532, f. 86. 

According, part, a. Granting. 

Accort, adj, {A,'N, aceort,) 

Wary; prudent. Minsheu. 
Accost, v. {A.-N.) To address 

one's self to a person or thing ; to 

approach ; to attempt, or try. 
AccouNSAYL, V. To counscl with ; 

8. counsel. 
Account, v. (A.-N,) To reckon. 
Long worke it were 

Here to account tlie endlesse progeny 

Of ail the weeds that bud and blossome 

Spenser's Faerie Queens, III, vi, 30. 

Accountant, adj. Accountable. 

And, I dare think, lie'U prove to Pesdemona 
A most dear husband. Kow, 1 do love her 

Not out of absolute lust, Ihough, perad- 

I stand accountant for as great a sin. 

Othelh, ii, 1. 

AccoupLE, t>. (A.'K) To couple, 
or join together. Acopled is used 
in the Plumpton Corr., p. 50, for 

AccouRAGB, V, To cncourage. 

AccouRTiNG, part, a. Courting. 

AccoY, V. (A.'N, aecoyer.) To 

appease; extinguish; to render 

shy or coy ; to pacify. 

Thou foolish swain that thus art overjoyed, 

How soon may here thy courage be aceojf'd. 

PeeWs Eglogue Gratulatorie, 1589. 

AccoTNTBD, /7ar/. /7. Acquainted. 

AccRASE, t;. (Fr.) To crush ; to 


TSnding my youth myspent, my sub- 
stence ympayred, my credyth accrated, 
my talent hydden, my follves laughed 
ait, my rewyne unpytted, and my 
trewth unemployed. 

Queen** Proffretssi, i, 21. 

To curse. 

AccRBASE, V, (from Laf, aeeresco.) 
To increase : to augment. 

AccRBW, t;. (Fr.) To increase ; to 
accrue. Spenser, 

But sight and talke accrew to love, the 
substance must be had. 

Warner's Albion's England, 1592. 

AccRocHE, V. (Fr.) To gather; 

to catch hold of; to increase; 

to encroach. 
AccRUMBNT, 8, (from Fr, accruer.) 

Addition ; increase. 
AccuB, 8, The footmark. of any 

animal. Cockeram, 
AccuRSE, \ rjQ\ 


Which is lif that onre Lord 
Li alle lawes acurseth. 

Piers PI, p. 875. 

Accuse, v, (A,-N.) To discover 

or betray. 

The entrees of the yerde accvseth 
To him that in the watir museth. 

Bom. of the Ro8e,\h^\. 

(2) 8, Accusation. Shakespeare. 
AccusBMBNT, 8, An accusatiou. 

We do apperceyve by the relation of 
Tour graces commissiuners Mr. doctour 
Legh and Mr. Williams, that diverse 
anu sondrye accusementes have ben 
made upon'ua unto your highnes. 

Monastic Letters, p. 154. 

Ace op Spades. A widow. This 

slang word is given in the Lexi,- 

con Balatronicunif 8vo, Lond., 

AcELB, V, To seal. Rob, Glouc. 
Acenten, V, To assent. 
Acerbate, v, {Lat.) To make 

sour or sharpen. 
AcBROTB, 8, firown bread. Min- 

AcBRSECoificK, 8, One whose hair 

was never cut. Cockeram's Eng- 

Ush Dictionaries 1639. 
AcERTAiNED, part, p. Informed 

certainly; confirmed in opinion. 
AcERVATE, V, (Lat.) To heap 

Acescent, adj. (Lat.) Sour. 




AcESB, V. (A,'N») To cease; to 

cause to cease. 
AcBTARRB, «. (Fr,) A salad of 

small herbs. Cockeram, 1639. 
AcETH. A form of aaeth. See 


Acetk for trespas, satisfactio. 

Prompt. Part., ed. 1499. 

AcH, s, Smallage ; water-parsley ; 

AcHARNE, t>. (from Fr, achamir,) 

To set on ; to aggravate against. 
Achat,*. (^.-M) ^1) A contract; 

a bargain. Chaucer, 

(2) Bargaining. 

Coemption is to saie, comen achate or 
buying together, that were established 
upon the pcple by soche a niaiier ini> 
posicion, as who so bought a bushell of 
come, he most yeven the kyiig the 
fiveth parte. Chaucer's Boethiua. 

Achates, «. {A,'N.) An agate. 
AcHATouR, 9. {A.'N.) The person 

who had the charge of the acatry ; 

the purveyor. 

A gentil maunciple was ther of a temple, 
Of which achatours mighteu take exeniple. 

Chaucer, C. T., 569. 

AcHAUFE, V. (Fr.) To warm ; to 

AcHAUNGED, part p. Changed. 
Ac HE, «. An ash tree. Plump ton 

Correspondencej p. 188. 
AcHE-BONE, 8, The bip-bone. 
AcHELOR, s. Ashlar, or hewn stone. 

This form occurs in a Yorkshire 

document, temp. Hen. VIII. 
Aches, p/. Was frequently used as 

a dissvllable. See HudibraSf III, 

ii, 407. 
AcHEsouN, V. (A,'N, achaison.) 

Reason; cause. 
AcHETTN, V, To escheat. Prompt, 

AcuKYE,v,(A,-N.) To accomplish. 

AcROKED, part, p. Choked. 
AcaoR, #. A scab on the head of 

AcHORN, #• An acorn. Cheshire, 

AcisE. For assise. 

AciTB, V, {A,'\.) To cite; sum- 
mon. See Accite, 

AcK, V, To mind; to regard. 

Acker, 1 #. (apparently from A,'S. 
AKEK,jegor, the flowing of the 
sea.) This word is explained 
in the early lexicographers by 
the Latin impetus marisy and is 
stated to be that which pre- 
cedes the "flood or flowing." 
EageTf and Higer, are variations 
of the same term. The follow- 
ing extract from MS. Cott. Titus 
A., xxiii, f. 49, further explains 
the meaning of the word : 

Wei know they tliereume yf it arysc. 

An aker is it clept, I understonde, 

Wlios myglit there may no shippe or wynd 

This reume in thoccian of propre kynde, 
Wytoute wynde hathe his commotioun ; 
The maryneer tlierof may not be blyude. 
But when and where in every re};iouu 
It regnethe, he moste have inspectioun; 
Vor in viage it may bothe haste and tary, 
And, unavised thereof, al myscary. 

It appears that the word acJker 
is still applied on the Trent to a 
dangerous kind of eddying twirl 
which occurs on the river when 
it is flooded. In the dialect of 
Craven, a ripple on the surface 
of the water is termed an acker. 

(2) *. (A.-S. tecer.) An acre; 
a field. YorJksh, 

(3) Fine mould. North, 
AcKERN, s. An acorn. A Northern 

word, used principally in West- 
moreland and Cumberland. 

AcKERSPRiT,©. (^.-5.) Wilbraham 
explains this word as being said 
of potatoes when the roots have 
germinated before the time of 
gathering them. Corn, and par- 
ticularly barley, which has ger- 
minated before it is malted, is 
said, in the East of England, to 
be acrespired, 

AcKERSPYRB. A word in use 




amongst masons and stone-get- 
ters (or delvers) in the neigh- 
bourhood of Huddersfield, &c., 
in reference to stone which is 
not of a free workable quality, 
but, on the contrary, is of a very 
hard, flinty, or metallic quality, 
and difficult to work. 

AcKETouN, *. (A.'N.) A jacket of 
quilted leather, worn under the 
mail armour; it is sometimes used 
for the armour itself. 

Ac KNOW, V. (J.'S,) To acknow- 
ledge. North, It occurs not 
uufrequently in the Elizabethan 

AcKSBN, *. (J.-S.) Ashes. Wilts, 

AcKWARDS, adv. Applied to a 
beast when it lies backwards, and 
cannot rise. 

AcLiT, adj. Adhered together. 
• Devon. 

AcLiTB, adv. Awry. North, 

AcLOYB. See Accloy. 

AcLUMsiD, part, p, {A,'S.) Be- 
numbed with cold. 

Acme, *. (from Gr, oLKfii^.) Mature 
age. Jonson. 

AcoATUED, adj. Rotten or diseased 
in the liver, as sheep. Dorset, 

AcoLD, adj. (from the A.-S. aco- 
Han,) Cold. 

Late come to an abbey 
Syx men other seven, 
Ajid lut tlieroD aske gode 
For Godd love of heven. 
He Bckal stond tkeroute 
Anliungred and aeold. 

W. de Shoreham. 

AcoLASTic, adj. (from the Gr. 
aKoXaoTtKoc.) Intemperate; riot- 
ous; prodigal: lascivious. Min- 
sheu gives these meanings of the 
word in his Guide into TongueSf 

AcoLATE, adj. (Gr.) Froward; 
peevish. So explained in Rider's 
Dictionaries 1640. 

AcoLDiNG, ;5«r^. a, (from the A,-S, 
See Acold.) Getting cold. 

AcoLEN. See Accole, 

AcoMBRE, V. (A.'S.) To encumber ; 

to trouble. 

The feend with prede acombreth ona, 
With wrethe and with envie. 

W. de Shoreham. 

AcoMELTD, part, p. Enervated 
with cold. Prompt, Parv, 

AcoMPLiN, adj. Limping. Lane, 

AcoNicK, adj. (from aconite,) Poi- 
sonous. Rider, 

Acop, adv. (from the A.-S, cop.) 

On end ; conically. 

Marry sh' is not in fashion yet; she 
wears a hood^ but it stands acop. 

Ben Jonson, iii, 60. 

V. (from A.-S. ceorian, 


1 V. (from A.-S. i 
' I to lament.) To 

YE. I 1 

' J to grieve. 

At Gloucestre he deide, ac eir nadde lie 

That acorede al this lond, and ys men 

echon. Rob. Glouc. 

Bu a peyre of a marc, other thou ssalt hit 
acorye sore. lb. 

AcoRSB, V. (A.'S.) To curse. 

Callede hem caytyves 

Acorsed for evere. Fiers Pl.^ p. 875. 

AcoRSY, V. (from the A.-N. cors, a 
body.) To bury. " For to acorsy 
here brother body." Oxf. MS. 

AcosT, adv. (from A.-N. a coste.) 

On the side ; near. 

Forth thai passeth this lond acosf. 

Jrthour and Merlin. 

AcouNTRE 1 ^' (^"^') An en. 
^^°^^™» Uounter. MSS. of 

ACUNTRE, fi4^A,^^. -^ 

AcouPE, V. (from A.-N. acoulper.) 
To blame ; accuse ; inculpate. 

Me aeoitpede horn harde inou, and seththe 

atte last. 
As theves and traitors, in strong prison me 

horn caste. Bob. of Glouc, p. 544. 

An accusation. 

. _. An onset. 

At the acoupynff the knijtes [speres] cither 
brak on other. W. and the JFerw., p. 124. 

AcovERD, pa«^. /. Recovered. 
Acow, adv. Crooked; awrv. 





AcoYNTB, V, (from A,'N. acoinier,) 
To make acquaintance. 

Heo aeoyntede bym anon, and bicomen 

frendes gode, 
Bothe for here prowet, aDd for heo were of 

on blode. Bob. of Glouc, p. 15. 

AcoT8TNO, 9, Accusing. A mere 
corrupt spelling. Kyng Alisaun- 
der, 3973. 

AcauAiNTy 8* An acquaintance. 

mine old acquaint is she, 

And one whom 1 have us'd in that degrree. 
IAale'8 Historie oj Hdwdorua, 1638. 

AcauAiNTABLE. Easy to be ac- 
quainted with. Minsheu^s Guide 
into Tongues, 1627. 

AcansYNTy adj. (from A,'S. ac^ 

wencan.) Quenched. 

— ^ so that me tbynketh. 
My thnrst shall never be acqueynt. 


AcauiLL, V. {A.'N.) A term in 

hunting. It was applied to the 

buck and doe, the male and the 

female fox, and all vermin, and 

is nearly synonymous with the 

more modern word imprime. 

Syr huntere, how many besUs aequill ? 
Syr, the buk and the doo, the male fox 
and the female, and alle othir vermyn, 
as many as be put in the book. And 
how many braches ? Sire, alle that be 
acquiUz. Reliq. Jut., i, 151. 

AcauisB, V, i^A.'N.) To acquire. 

ActtuiST 1 *• ^^•"'^•) ^^ ^^^"*- 
Aca^EST h*'^°"^ something 
* J acquired or gained. 

nis servants he with new acquist 
Of true experience from this great event 
With peace and consolation hath dismist. 
Samson Agonistes, v, 1755. 

Had, reposed near the ostea of rivers, 
makes continual additions to the land, 
thereby excluding the sea, and preserv- 
ing these shells as trophies and signs of 
its new acquests and encroacliments. 


Skinner has it as a verb, to ac- 

kcQ.viTfpari. p,{A.'-N.) Acquitted. 

AcQUiTE, V. To requite. 

AcQUiTTANCB, 8, (A,-N.) (1) Ac- 
quaintance. SMnner, 

(2) Keqnital. Othello, iv, 2. 

(3) A discharge, or release : for- 
merly in general use for what 
is now called a receipt; and 
it is still so in the northern 

AcRASBD. Crazed. 

Acre, s, (from the A.-S. acer.) A 
field. Originally not a deter- 
mined quantity of land, but any 
open ground. 

(2) A duel fought by single com- 
batants, English and Scotch, be- 
tween the frontiers of the two 
kingdoms, with sword and lance. 

Ac RE- DA LB, 8. (A.-S.) Lands in a 
common field, in which different 
proprietors hold portions of 
greater or less extent. North, 

AcREME, 8» Ten acres of land. A 
law term. 

AcREMAN, «. (A.-S.) A husband- 

The foulcs up, and song on bough. 
And acremen yede to the plough. 

Lay le Freine, 176. 

AcRBSHOT, «. A kind of local land- 

AcRBSTAFF, "I Called a plough- 

AKBRSTAFF, J Staff in Huloct. An 

instrument to cleanse the plough - 

culter. See Kersey's English 

Dictionary f 1715. 

AcRiLOGY, 8. (from Lat. acer, and 
Gr, \6yoQ.) Bitter speaking. 
Minsheu gives this word in his 
Guide into Tongues, 1627. 

AcROKE, adv. Crooked. 

Acrook'd, adj. Crooked; awry. 

AcRosPYRE, \ V. (from Chr, agpog, 
AKERSPiRE, J the extremity, or 
end, and (nnipa, a curling 
shoot.) To sprout. When un- 
housed grain, exposed to wet 
weather, sprouts at both ends, 
it is said to acrospyre. Pota- 
toes, sprouting prematiu'ely, are 




said to be ackerspritted. See 

I'or want of turning, when the malt is 
spread on the floor, it conies and sprouts 
at both ends, whicli is culled to acro- 
spyre; and then it is fit only for swine. 
Mortimer's Husbandry. 

In a Scottish act of parliament, anent 
malt-makers, it is said they " let their 
malt akerspire, and shule out all the 
thrift and substance at baith the ends, 
quhare it sould come at ane end only." 
Regiam Majestatenit p. 293. 

Across. A kind of exclamation 
when a sally of wit miscarried. 
Said to be taken from the lan- 
guage used in jousting. See 
Shakesp. All's Well that Ends 
Well, ii, 1. 

Acrostic, adj. Crossed on the 
breast. "Acrostic arms.** Middle- 
ton. It may be regarded as a 
punning use of the word. 

AcROTCH, V, (from Fr. acrocher.) 
To take up ; to seize. 

AcsEDB, jE7re/.jE7. Asked. A rather 
unusual form. 

The kyng Alesandre ncsede 
Hwau sail that be. 

Beliq. Antiq^ i, SO. 

Act, V, To behave ; to conduct. 

Act of parliamrnt. A military 
term for small beer, five pints of 
which, by an act of parliament, 
a landlord was formerly obliged 
to give to each soldier gratis. 

Acte, s. ( Gr. iiKTri.) The sea- shore. 

AcTiFS, s. pi. An order of monks, 
who, according to Skinner, fed 
on nothing but roots and herbs. 

AcTiLLY, adv. Actually. Lancash. 

AcTious, adj. Active. 

With divers here not catalosd, and for a 

cheefest take 
All actions Candish, and of these eternall 

peU'Worke make. 

Albion's England, ed. 1612. 

AcTiTATiON, #. {Lat.) Frequent 

Active citizen. ». A louse. This 
cant term is given in the Lexicon 
Balatronicum, and is too piquant 
to be omitted. 

Acton, s. {A.-N.) A jacket or 

tunic, worn under a coat of mail. 

See Acketoun. 

His actoH it was all of blacke. 
His hewberke and his sheelde. 

Sir Cauline, in Percy's Rel. 

Actoures, s. (A.'N.) Governors ; 

keepers. Wycklyffe. 
Actuate, v. (from Ital. attu&re.) 

To put into action ; to produce. 
Acture, s. {Lat.) Action. 
All my offences, that abroad you see, 
Are errors of the blood, none of the mind; 
liOve made them not; with acture they 

may be, 
"Where neither party is nor true nor kind. 
Shakes. Lover's Complaint. 

Acuate, v. (from Lat. acuo.) 


Giyndyng with vynegar tylll was fatygate. 

And also with a quantyt6'of spyces acuate. 

Ashmole's Theat. Chem. Brit., p. 191. 

In the following example, the 

word is erroneously altered to 

actuate in the reprint by the 

Shakespeare Society : 

The Lacedemonians trusting the oracle, 
receved the champion, and fearing the 
government of a stranger, made him 
ther citizen ; which once done and he 
obteiniusr the dukdome, he assended 
the theater, and ther very learnedly 
wysliing them to forget theyr folly, and 
to thinke on victory, they being acuate 
by liis eloquence, waging battail won 
the field. Lodge's Defence of Plays, 1579. 

Acuis, tf.jt;/.. Agues, ikf 5. q/* 14M 

Acuminate, v. (from LaLacumina- 
ttis.) To whet. Rider's Diction- 
arict 1640. 

AcuRB, adj. A chemical term, ap- 
plied to a drug, the power of 
which is increased by the addition 
of some other. 

AcuRSBN. See Acorsen. 

AcYDBNANDYS, odv. Asldc ; ob- 
liquely. Prompt. Parv. Appa- 
rently a corrupt spelling of aiside- 




AcTROLOGicALL, odj. (ffom Gr. 
uKvpoXoyiai impropriety of ex- 
pression.) Improper speaking. 
This word occurs in Eider's 
Dictionarief 1640. 

AcYSE, 8. {A.-N.) Custom ; law. 

And of tliese berdede bukkes also, 
"Wvtli hemself thy nioche mysdo, 
That leve Crysten mennys acyse^ 
And baunte al tlie newe gyse. 


Ad. Hath. Adde, Had, occurs in 

Rob, Glouc. 
Adacteo, part, p. {Lat. adactus.) 

Driven in by force. Minsheu, 
Adad, adv. Indeed ; truly. 

I see you wonder at roy changes ; what, 
would you never have a man learn 
breeding, adad ? 

Shadwell, Squire ofAlsatia, 1688. 

They are all deep, they are very deep 
and sharp; sharp as needles, adad; the 
wittiest men in England. lb . 

Xdjbqjjate^ part, p, {Lat. adaqtui' 
tus.) Equal to. 

Why did the Lord from Adam, Eve create ? 
Because with him she should not b' ada- 

Had she been made of earth, she would 

have deem'd 
Her self his sister, and his equal seem'd. 
Owen's Epigrams, 1677. 

Adam. A serjeant, or bailiff*, was 
jocularly so called. See Shakesp. 
Comedy of Errors ^ iv, 3. 

Adam-and-Eve. The bulbs of 
orchis macuiatOt which have a 
fancied resemblance to the human 
figure. Craven. 

AdaM'Tiler, 8. A pickpocket's 
associate, who receives the stolen 
goods, and runs off with them. 

Adamant, *. (A.-N.) The magnet. 

As true to thee as steel to adamant. 

Green's Tu Qnoque. 

As iron, touch't by the adamant's effect. 
To the north pole doth ever point direct. 
Sylv. Du Bartas, p. 64. 

The mutual repulsion of two 
magnets, which takes place in 
some situations, is alluded to in 
the following extract : 

away j 

We'll be as differing hs two adamants ; 
The one shall slum ihe other. 

White Devil, 0. P/., vi, 31 5. 

Adamantine, adj. Very hard. 
This word occurs in Rider^s 
Dictionaries 1640. 

Ad AM ATE, V. (from Lat. adamare.) 
To love dearly. Minsheu. 

Adamites, s.pL A sect of enthu- 
siasts who were said to imitate the 
nakedness of Adam in their pub- 
lic assemblies. 

Adam*s-ale, s. Water. Var. dial. 

Adam's-apple, s. (1) A kind of 
citron. Gerard. 

(2) The nob in a man's throat, 
so called, because, it is said, 
when Eve swallowed her apple 
with ease, and gave another to 
Adam, his conscience so rebelled 
against it, that it never got 
farther than his throat. 

Adam's-flannbl, 8. White mul- 
lein ; perhaps from the soft white 
hairs with which the leaves are 
covered on both sides. Craven. 

Adarnech, 8. Colour like gold. 

Adarned, adj. Ashamed. Coles. 

AoARRis, 8. The flower of sea- 
water. Howell. 

Adased, "] adj. (A.- N.) B&zzled; 

adassid, jputoutof countenance. 

The glittring tlierof M'old have made 

every man's eyes so adased, that no man 

should have spied his falshed. 

Sir T. More. 

AoAUDs, adv. In pieces. Yorksh. 
V. (A.'N.) To tame ; to 
•> reduce ; to daunt, miti- 

Adauntrbley. Another form of 
avauntlai/f which see. 

Ad AW fV. {A.'N.) (1) Tobedaunted. 

Therewith her wrathful courage gan appall, 
Aud haughty spirits meekly to adaw. 

Spenser, F. Q., IV, vi, 26. 

As one adaw'd and half confused stood. 

/*., V, V, 46. 

(2) To awake. This seems to 
be a figurative sense, for Pals- 





^aTe says, '* I adawe or adawne, 

as the daye dothe in the morn- 

ynge whan the sonne draweth 

towardes his rysyng ;" and, " I 

adawe one out of a swounde/* 

Elm to rewakin she did all lier pain ; 
And at tlie last he gan his breth to drawe. 
And of Ills swough sone after that adawe. 
Troil. and CrM., iii, 1124. 

(3) To kill; to execute. 

Some wolde have hym adanoey 
And some sayde it was not lawe. 
Eom. ofBiehard C. de L., 973. 

^^'^^ \adv. In the daytime. 

ADAYES, / ^ 

I ryse soner than you do adayes : ie me 
descoucheplus tost que v<ms tous Us iours. 


Adats, adv. Now-a-days. East 

Adaz, 8, An addice. Kennett, 
Adcorporate, V, {Lai.) To in- 
corporate. Minsheu's Guide into 

Tongues, 1627. 
Addecimatie, V, (Lat,) To take 

tithes. Minsheu^s Guide into 

TongueSf 1627. 
Addbkm, v. {A,'S.) To think ; to 

judge ; to determine. Spenser. 
Adder-bolt, s. The dragon fly. 

Var, dial. 
Adder-sat. I dare say. Yorksh. 
Adder's-orass, «. The name in 

Gerard for the cynosorchis. 
Adder*8-tonode, s. a plant ; the 

Adder-wort, s. The bistort or 


Addice, s, {A.-S.) An adze. 

I had thouo;lit I had rode upon addiees 
between this and Canterbui7. 

Lyly's Mother Bombiey 1594. 

An addiSf or little axe. Baret's 

Alvearie, 1580. 

(2) An addled egg. Huloet. 

Addict, part. p. For addicted. 

To studies good addict of comely grace. 

Mirr.for Mag. 

Addiction, #. {Lat.) The state of 

being addicted to anything. 

Since hit addietion was to courses vain. 
Shdkap, Henry V, i, 1. 

Addition, ». {Lat.) A title given 
to a man over and above his Chris- 
tian and surname, showing his 
rank, occupation, &c., or alluding 
to some exploit or achievement. . 

Addiwissen. Had I known it. 
North. A corruption of hady- 
wissen, or hadiwist, which see. 
Adywyst occurs in MSS. as old 
as the 15th cent. 

Addle, v. (from the A.^S. <edlean, 

a reward.) So pronounced in 

Yorkshire ; in Staffordshire it is 

d-dle; in Cumberland, ettle; and 

in Cheshire, yeddle. To earn by 


With goodmen's hogs, or corn, or bay, 
I addU my ninepence every day. 

Bichard vf Dalton Dale. 

In the Eastern counties it is ap- 
plied to the growth of corn ; as, 
•* that crop addles," t. e. thrives. 
Forby. In which sense it is used 
by Tusser — 

Wliere ivy embraceth the tree very sore, 
Kill ivy, else tree will addle no more. 

It occurs in the Townley Myste- 
ries, p. 195. See Adyld. "To 
addle his shoon '* is said in the 
North of a horse that falls upon 
his back, and rolls from one side 
to the other. In Sussex, when a 
horse does so, he is said to *' earn 
a gallon of oats.'' 

i2) Labourers' wages. Yorksh. 
3) s. A swelling with matter in 
it. Somerset. 

(4) s. The headland of a field ; 
same as adland, Northampt. 

(5) s. Lees or dregs. 

(6) adj. Empty. 

Addled, adj. Having corruption. 
Used in this sense in Somerset- 
shire. Hence addled egg, said of 
an egg in a state of putrefaction, 
according to Grose and Jennings ; 
but more usually applied to an 
egg forsaken by the ben after her 
sitting. ''Urinum ovum, gene- 
rationi ineptum, quod fit iocuba- 




tione derelicta, an addle egge, a 
winde e%%e" Rider*8 Latin Die- 
tkmariei 1640. 

Addlb-hbaded, adj. Stupid; 
thoughtless. Var. dial, 

AoDLE-PATB, 8, A fooHsh persoD. 

Addlb-plot, 8, A person vrho 
spoils any amusement. South, 

Addle-pool, 8. A pool, or puddle, 
near to a dunghill, for receiving 
the liquid that oozes from the 
dunghill ; in which liquid it is 
not uncommon, in Sussex, to see 
large quantities of mould or 
earth, taken from the commons, 
thrown to be saturated with it. 

Addlings, 8. The wages received 
for labourers' work. Yorkshire. 
See Addle. 

Addolorate, v. (taken apparently 
from the It<U. dolordre.) To 

Address, v. (Fr.) To prepare for 
anything ; to get ready. 

Adds. 8. An addice. 

Ade, 8. To cut a deep gutter across 
ploughed land. Shrqpsh. 

Adbc, 8. Vinegar milk. HowelL 

Adelantado, 8. (a Spanish word.) 
A lord president or deputy of a 
country ; a commander. 

Invincible adelantado over the armado of 
pimpled faces. 

Massinger, Virg. Mart., ii, 1. 

Open no door ; if the adalantado of Spain 
were here he should not enter. 

B. Jon., £v. M. out o/H.^ v, 4. 

Adbmand, 8. The loadstone. See 

Adent, V. To fasten. Minsheu, 
Adeption, ;r. {Lat.) An acquire- 

A portion of time vrherein, to my un- 
derstanding, there hath bin the rarest 
▼arieUes, that in like number of suc- 
cessions of any hereditary monarchv 
hath bin knowue : for it beginneth with 
the mixt adeption of a crowue, by ai'mes 
aud title. 

£aea». Adv. qfLeam., b. ij, p. 114. 

ADsauATx, V. (Lat.) To make even 
or equal. 

Adbrcop, 8. {A.'S.) A spider. See 

Adbs, 8. An addice. Kenneit. 

Adbspotic, adj. ( Gr.) Not despotic. 

Adewen, v. (from A.-S. deawian, 
to bedew.) To moisten ; to be- 

Thy gracious shourys lat reyne in habund- 

Upon myn herte t* adewen every veyne. 

Lydgate's Minor Poems, p. 251. 

Adfiliate, v. (Lat.) To adopt for 
a son. Min8heu*8 Guide into 
Tongues, 1627. 

Adge, 8. An addice. North. 

Adhere, v. (Lat.) To suit ; to fit. 

I would have sworn his disposition 
would have gone to the truth of his 
words ; but they do no more adhere and 
keep pace togettier, tlian the liundredth 
psalm to the tune of Greene Sleeves. 

Merry Wives oj Windsor, ii, 1. 

Adhib, 8. A name of the herb eye- 

Adhibite, v. (Lat.) To admit. 

Adhort, v. (Lat.) To advise, or 

Julius Agricola was the first that by 
adhorting the Britain es publikely, and 
helping them privately, wuu them to 
build houses for themselves. 

Stow^s'London, p. 4. 

Adiaphorict, 8. (from Gr. Siha- 
^opluj indifference.) Indifference. 
Rider's Dictionaries 1640. 

Adight, part. p. (As^S.) Adorned. 

Thanne sawe they yn a park 
A custell stout and stark 
That ryally was adyqht. 

Lybeaus Disconus, 711. 

Adihten, v. (from A.-S. adihtan.) 
To order; arrange ; adorn ; as he 
adihteth him, t. e. fits himself 

Adihteth liim a gay wenche of the newe jet. 

Folitical Songs,^.Z'39. 

knitffprep. Within. Sussex. 
AniRf pron. Either. A local form. 




Adit,«. (Lat.) A sough or level in a 
mine, for the purpose of drawing 
off water. Derbysh. 

Adite, ». (J.-N.) To indite ; to 

Kyng Rychard dede a lettre wryte, 
A noble' clerk it ^.m adyte. 

Etch. Coer de Lion, 1174. 

Adition, 8. {Lat,) An entrance or 

approach to. 
Adjoynate, part, p. Joined. 

Two semely princes, together adjoynate. 

Hardyng*s Chronicle. 

ADJOYNAUNT,jpar/. a. Adjoining. 

Truth it is, that lie (Carelicus) wyth hys 
Britons were dryven into Caral)rva, or 
Wales : yet he left not continuallye to 
make reyses and assutes uppon the 
Saxou8,u'ext to him adjoynaunte. 

Fabian's Chron., p. v, f. 105. 

Adjoynauntes, s. Those who are 

Sought and practised waies and meanes 
how to joine himself with forein princes, 
and to greve and hurte his neighbors 
and adjoynauntes of the realme of Eng- 
land. Hall, Hen. VI, f. 53. 

Adjoynt, adj. A person joined 
with another; a companion or 

here with these grave adjoynts, 

(These learned maisters) they were taught 

to see 
Themselves, to read the world, and keep 

their points. Daniel's Civ. JTarSyiv, 69. 

Adjourn, v, (from the A,-N, 
adjoumer.) To cite or sum- 
mon any one to appear before 
a judge. 

Adjument, 8. {Lat. adjumentum.) 
Help; succour. Miege, 

Adjunct, part.p, {Lat, adjunctus.) 
United with; immediately con- 

Adjute, V, {Lat. adjuto.) To assist ; 
to help. Jonson. 

Adjutories, a. The arm bones are 
so called in the old English trans- 
lation of Viffo's Book of ChiruV' 

ADJVYAVTf part. a. {Lat,) Assist- 

Which meeting with convenient matter 
and adjuvant causes, doe proceed to the 
generation of severall species, accord- 
ing to the nature of the efficient and 
aptnesse of the matter. Aubrey's Willi. 

Adlands, 8. The butts in a 
ploughed field which lie at right 
angles to the general direction of 
the others ; the part close against 
the hedges. SAropsk.f North- 
ampt.y and Leicestersh, 

Adle, adj. Unsound; unwell. East, 
See Addle. 

Admeasurement, *. {Fr.) A law 
term, defined by Cowell to be "a 
writ which lyeth for the bringing 
of those to a mediocrity, that 
usurp more than their part." 

Adminiculary, adj, {Lat.) Col- 
lateral; indirect. 

That he should never help, aid, supply, 
succour, or grant them any subven- 
titious furtherauce, auxiliary suffrage, 
or adminiculary assistance. 

Rabelais, iii, 34. 




*. This word, which 
is very varied in its 
orthography, is a 
j'-mere corruption of 
the Arab emir. Ac- 
cording to some, 
the word is from 
emir-alma^ or emir of the water. 
It is used especially in the me- 
dieval romances, where it signi- 
fies a Saracen commander, or 
sometimes a king. According 
to Kennett, the term admiral 
was not introduced, in its present 
sense, before the latter end of 
the reign of Edward I. 

He sende aftur lordyngys, 
Fyftene admerallys and kyngys. 
And armyd them to fyght. 

Cambridge MS. 

And be the cytees and be the townes 

ben amyralles, that han the governance 

of the peple. Maundetile's Travels. 

A launce in hys hand he helde. 

He smot an amyrale in the schclde. 

Bichard Coer de LioUt ^042. 


Aduirablist, adj. Most tdmi- 
nble. Accented on the mle- 
' penult. Yoriih. 
AoulBAi. OF TBI BLDE. A pnbli- 

b; Groae, who infDr]Q9 us that 
the blue aprons formerly worn 
bji publicans gave ii»e to the 

Aduik \TivB, adf, Minshea appliea 
the term aiimiralive point (o the 
note of inierrogation (?). 

When Archidamus didheholrl with wonder, 
MiD-i imitBlionorJoce'i drudmll tlmirder, 

Sotclanifi Kami ef HiarU, \«ii, 
Atmittance, a. Used by Sliake- 
ipeare in the aeuse of a custom 
or power of being admitted into 
the presence of great personages. 
Ford calls FalsTaff a gentleman 
"of great admittance." Mfrrg 



BLi, adj. Admissible. 
Hmj diipotnble onliuODi maj be had 

anu to b* ninl mielj for iicace iHte. 

HBrriHm-a Lae.itf BrUiaii. 

Adhonkst, v. (from the A.-N. ad- 
maneiter.) To admonish j to 

Aduohishuent, I. Admonition. 

Admovb, v. (from Lai. admotto.) 



p. {Lat.) To at 
vord i ■ 


late. This 

Miniheu in his Guide 

Tmgtttt, 1627. 
KDva-!t.,v.{Lat.adnolo.) Tom 

to observe. 
Adhul, b. {Lai.) To annul. 
Ado, p. (1) To do. 

(2) pari. p. Done; finished. So- 

Adonnet. t. A detil. North. 
Aoooag, adt. At the door. 

WUen ye cane out adoori T 

Adoptiods, mj. Adoptive. Shaketp. 
Adobat, I. A weight of four 

pounds, a chemical term. 
Adobe, v. To adorn. Spenser. 
And tliDie true l*aii, filling on jour pure 

Adoubed. part. p. {A.-N.) Armed ; 

1 V. (from A.-N. adoul. 
AnonLCE, I eer.) To mitigate with 
adulce, ("sweetness ! sweeten. 
Mimhe«; G. r.. 1627. 




kDomBD.parl.p. {A.-t/.) Feared; 

Adpoynte.c. To appoint. Monstlic 

Leileri, p. 194. 




Ad A AD, Ipart, p, (from ^.-S, 
ADRED, J adradan,) Frightened; 

— I am adrad, by aaynt Thomas, 
It Btondeth nat aright with I^icholas. 

Chaucer's C. T., 1, 8425. 
Seeing the ugly monster pasKiiii; by. 
Upon him set, of peril naught adrad. 

Spenser's F. Q. 

The sight whereof the lady sore adrad. 


Adraming, adj, Chnrlish. 

Adrawe, ». (1) To draw away; to 


A way fro hem he wdd adratoe, 

Yf tliat he myght. Octonan, 357. 

(2) To draw forth. 

The geant, tho he sey hym come, began ys 
mace adrawe. hob. Glouc. 

Adreamt. (1) I was adreamtf for 
I dreamed. 

Wilt thou believe me, sweeting? by this 

/ was adreamt on thee too. 0. PL, vi, 351. 
I was adreamt last night of Francis there. 
City N. Cap, 0. Fl., xi, 335. 

I was even now adream^d that you could 
see witli either of your eyes, in so much 
as I waked for joy, and I hope to find 
it tnie. 

Wits, Fittes, and Fancies, 1595, p. 94. 

(2) Dosing. Oxfordsh, 

Adrede, V, {A,'S, adradan.) To 


Ganhardin seighe that sight. 
And sore him gan adrede. 

Sir Tristrem. 

ADREiNT,j9ar/.j».(^.-5.) Drowned. 

A ! dame, he saide, ich was asschreint, 
Ich wende thou haddest ben adreint. 

The Sevyn Sages, 1486. 

Adrelwurt, 8. The herb federfew. 

Adrenchen, 9. (from A.'S, adren- 
can.) To drown. Adrente^ 
past t, Adreint t part, p. 

The see the shal adrenche, 
Ne shal hit us of-thenche. 

Kyng Horn, 109. 
And ladde hem out of Egypt bi the liverede 

And the kyng adrente and alle hys, that he 
ne com never age. Bob. Glouc. 

Adressid, part, p. Dressed; 
clothed. Gower, 

AiyELESTfpart.p. Dressed; adorned* 


When spreng, adrest in tutties. 
Calls all tlia birds abroad. 

Jennings, jt. 128. 

*jri™„ rodv. Aside; behind. 


Tlie kiiiges doughter, which this sigh, 
For pure abasshe drewe lier adriqh. 
Gower' s Confessio AmatUis, ed. 1532, f. 70. 

Adrink, adj. Drunk. 

Adrooh, f /?a*^. t. Drew away. 
adrowb, j Rob. of Glouc. 

ADRONauE, part, p. Drowned. 
Kyng Horn, 988. 

Adrop, 8, A species of aurichalc, 
mentioned by Jonson in the 
Alchemist, ii, 1. 

Adrowed, adj. Dried. Devon, 

Adry, adj. Dry; thirsty. *♦ Doth a 

man that is adry, desire to drink 

in gold .'" Burton's Anatomy of 

Melancholy, p. 329. It is still 

retained in various dialects. 

How pleasant 'tis to drink when a man's 

Tlie rest is all but dully sipping on. 

Behn, The City Heiress, 1682. 

Adrte, V, (from the A.-S. adreO' 

gan.) To bear ; to suffer. 

Adulable, adj. (Lat.) Easy to be 

flattered. Minsheu, 

To dub a knight. 

" Charlemayne adoub- 

bed many a knyght." 

Palsgrave, f. 138. 

Adulterate, adj. {Lat.) Adulte- 

rous; also false, in a general 


Th' adulterate Hastings, Rivers, Vaughan, 
Grey. Hick. JII,vr, 4. 

Aye, that incestiU)TU,that adulterate beast. 

Shakesp. Earn., i, 5. 

Adulterine, adj. Adulterous. 
Mir. for Mag., p. 85. 

Adumbration, s, (Lat.) Accord, 
ing to Huloet, the "light de- 
scription of a house side or front, 
where the lyne do answer to the 
•com passe and centrye of every e 
parte." Abcedarium, 1552. 







Adxts, adv, Down. 
Adunation, *. (Lat) Union. 
Aduncitt, s. (Lat.) Crookedness. 
Adure, v. {Lai, aduro,) To burn. 

Adust, pari, p, {Lat, adtuttu.) 

Burnt; parched. 

Drye and adust, and a gret wastonr. 

Lydgate's Minor Poems, p. 197> 

AouTANTE, adj. Astonishing. 

With tlier copiientonte 
They loke adntante. 

Skeitan, Works, ii, 429. 

Advance, v. To grace; to give 

lustre to. Shakesp.f Timon qf 

Athens^ i, 2. 
Advancers, 8. pi. The second 

branches of abuck's horn. Howell. 

See Avanters, 
Advantage, e. To give adrantage 

to another. 

Thus Venus first, to help love's pollicie. 
Advantaged him with opportunitie. 
And now as lovers wont tiieir times espie, 
This lover can his taske tuU well applie, 
And strives to court his mistrescunninglie. 

Tale oj Troy, 1589. 

Advaunt, s. {A.'N.) a boast. 
Advauntour, *. A boaster. 
Advayle, 8. {A.'N.) Profit ; ad- 

lu any wise to do, 
For lucre or advayle, 
Ageynst thyr kyng to rayle. 


Advent AYLE, *. (A.^N.) The open 
and moveable portion of the hel- 
met which covered the mouth, 
for the purpose of respiration. 

Adventurers. It was common in 
the reign of Queen Elizabeth for 
young volunteers to go out in 
naval enterprises in hopes to 
make their fortunes, by disco- 
veries, conquests, or some other 
means. These adventurersj pro- 
bably making amorous conquests 
a part of their scheme, vied with 
each other in the richness and 
elegance of their dresses. Sir 
Francis Drake, in his expedition 

against Hispaniola, had two thou 
sand such volunteers in his fleet. 
To this Ben Jonson alludes under 
the name of the Island Voyage : 
" I had as fair a gold jerkin on 
that day, as any worn in the 
Uland voyage^ or at Cadiz." Epic., 
i, 4. {Nares.) 

Adventurers upon return. 
Those travellers who lent money 
before they went, upon condition 
of receiving more on their return 
from a hazardous journey. 

Adversant, part. p. Contrary to. 
Min8heu*8 Guide into Tongues, 

Adversation, 8. {A.'N.) Oppo- 

Desyringe so a castell in to dnell, 
Hym and his men to kepe frome all adver- 

Hardyng's Chronicle. 

Adverse, v. {A.-N.) To be un- 

Adverser, 8, {A.^N.) An adver- 

Myn adversers and false wytnes berara 
agaynste me. Archaologia, xxiii, 46. 

Adversion, 8. (Lat.) Attention ; 

The soul bestoweth her adversion 
On something else. 

So though the soul, the time she doth ad- 
The bodies passions takes herself to die ; 
Yet death now finisli'd, she can well 
Herself to other thoughts. And if the eye 
Of her adversion were fast lix'd on high. 
In midst of death 'twere no more fear nor 
Tlian 'twas unto EHas to let flie 
Hiff uselesse mantle to that Hebrewe swain, 
Wliile he rode up to heaven in a bright 
fiery wain. 

Mare's Philosophical Poems, p. 29 i. 

Advertash'd, ^ar/./?. Advertised. 

Advertation, 8. Information. 

Digbg Mysteries, p. 106. 
Advertence, «. Attention. ChaU' 





Advertise, v. {A.-N.) To inform 
oneself. This word formerly had 
the accent on the middle syl- 

hut I do bend my speech 

To one that can my part in him advertise. 
Measure for Measure^ i, 1. 

Advertisement, 8, (1) Informa- 
(2) Admonition. 

Advest, v. {A.-N.) To put a per- 
son in possession. 

Advice, s. (from A.-N. advis.) Con- 
sideration ; reflection. 

Fair sir, you are well overtaken : 
My lord Bassanio, upon more advice. 
Hath sent you here this ring; and doth 

Your company at dinner. 

Merchant of Venice, iv, 2. 

Advigilate, v. (Lat.) To watch. 
Advise, v. (from A.'N. adviser.) 
To consider. 

But, if through inward griefe or wilfuU 

Of life, it be ; then better doe advise. 

Spenser's Faerie Queene, IV, viii, 15. 

But when they came again the next 
day and viewed it likewyse, tlie kepers 
of the said castell, suspectyng some 
fraude to lurcke in their lokyhg, de- 
maundedof theim what was their entent, 
and why the^ vewed and advised so the 
casteL Hall, Henry VII, f. 48. 

Advised, j»ar^ p. Acquainted. "I 
am not advised of it." Used in 
the North, and, according to 
Grose, in Norfolk. Shakespeare 
uses it in the sense of acting with 
sufficient deliberation. 

My liege, I am advised what I say ; 
Neither disturbed with the effect of wine, 
Nor heady-rash, provok'd with raging ire. 
Albeit, my wrongs might make one wiser 
mad. Comedy of Errors, v, 1. 

Advisement, «. Resolution ; ob- 
servation ; consultation ; advice. 

St. Augustine noteth how he saw the 
tooth of a man, wherof he took good 
• advisement, and pronounced in tlie ende, 
that it M'ould have made 100 of his 
owne, or any other man's that lyved iu 
his tyme. 'Harrison's Descript. of Brit. 

Honi soil gut mat y pense, quoth he, 
Wherewith upon advizement, tltough the 

Were small, his pleasure and liis purpose 

T* 'dvaunce that garter and to institute. 
Honor of the Garter, 1593. 

Advision, 8. (A.'N.) A vision ; a 


Advite, adj. Adult. 

Fyrste such persones, beyng nowe ad- 
vice, that is to saye, passed their chylde- 
hode, as wel in maners as in yeres. 

Sir Tho. Elyot's Governor, p. 85. 

Advocacies, ». pi. {A.-N.) Law- 

Be ye not aware, howe that false Poliphete 
Is now about eftsonis for to plete. 
And bringin on you advocates new ? 

Troil. and Cres., 1, 1467. 

Advocas, 8. {A.-N.) Lawyers ; 


As shameful deth as herte can devise, 
Come to thisejugesand hir advocas. 

Chaucer, Cant. T., 12,225. 

Advocation, s. {Lat. advocatio.) 
Pleading. In Scotland, advoca- 
tion signifies the same as a writ 
of certiorari in England. 

Alas ! thrice gentle Cassio, 

My advocation is not now iu time. 

Othello, iii, 2. 

Advocatrice, 8. A female advo- 
cate. Elyot. 

Advoid. v. To avoid; to leave; 
to quit. 

Advouch, v. To avouch. 

Advoutress, 8. An adultress. 

B^vealing Sir Thomas Overburies words 
to the countess of Essex, lord Rfjclies- 
ter's advoutress, she was much enraged 
at it, and from that moment resolved on 
revenge. Bib. Topog., vi, 5. 

Advoutrie, 1 8. (from A.-N. ad- 

avoutrie, y voutricy avoutrie.) 

advowtry, J Adultery. 

We giffe nojte oure bodyse to lecherye ; 
we do nane advowtrye, ne we do na 
synne wharefore ussulde nede to do 
penaunce. Lincoln MS. 

And so the good sely man spake and 
made the pese betwene them both, yea 
and farther he gave them a gallon of 
wyne: addyiige to his wives advoutry 
the losse ot his wine. 

Tales and Qiuicke Atiswers. 




This staff was made to knock down sin. 

I'll look 
There shall be no advowtry in my ward 
But what is honest. 0. Fl., x, 299. 

At home, because dnke Humfrey aye re- 
Cailiug this match advoutrie, as it was. 

Mirror for Mag.t p. 343. 

Advowb, V, {A.N. advouer.) To 

avow; to plead. 
Advoyde, v. To avoid. 

And so he, whiclie ought and whose 
duetie was to have advoyded and put from 
me the injuries of all other persones. 
HalVs l7nion, 1548. Hen. IV, t 27. 

Adward, 8. and v. Award ; judg- 
ment; sentence. Spenser, 

Adwaythe, V, To wait for. 
Monast. Letters^ p. 202. 

Adyld, part, p. Earned. Towner 
ley Mt/steries, p. 195. See 

Adyt, *. (from Gr, advTov.) The 
innermost part of a temple ; the 
place where the oracles were pro- 

Behold, amidst the adt/ts of our gods. 
Greene's Works, i, 114. 

Ae, adj. (A.'S.) One; one of 
several; each. North, 

.£n6a6eants, *. (Fr.) A sort of 
ruffs. " jEngageanis, are double 
ruffles that fall over the wrists." 
Lodges Dictionary^ 1694. 

Aeb., 8. An ear. East. 

Aeremancy, 8, (&r.) Divination 
by the air. 





8, (from A.'S. <Rg^ an 

egg.) The nest of an 

* eagle, hawk, or other 

bird of prey, but some- 

times also the brood of the young 

in the nest. 

One aentf with proportion, ne'er £3- 

The eagle and tlie wren. 

Massinger's Maid of Honour, i, 2. 

I found the pheasant that the hawk doth 

Seeking for safety bred his ayery there. 

Dray/Oft, rA« CTwJ, iv, 1312. 

For as an eyrrie from their seeges wood, 
Led o'er the plains and tau^rlit to get their 
food. Browne, Brit. FtuL, ii, 4. 

On his snowie crest 
The tow'ring falcou whiiome built, and 

Strove for that eirie. lb., i, 1. 

There is a grant, in which the 
"harts and hinds, wild boars and 
their kinds, and all aries of 
hawks," are reserved. Ilutchin- 
sorCs Hist. o/*Cum^.,i,523. And 
a petit serjeantry was held in 
Cumberland, " by keeping the 
king's aeries of goshawks." 
Blount's Joe. Ten.f p. 165. 

(2) V. To build its nest. 
And where the phoenix airies. Drayton. 

iEsTiVALL, adj. (Lat.) Apper- 
taining to summer. Rider's Die* 
tionariCy 1640. 

iEsTivATE, V. {Lat.) To remain in 
a place during the summer. 

iEsTivE, adj. (Lat.) Of summer. 

iExiTES. A pebble, sometimes 
called the eagle-stone. The an- 
cients believed that it was found 
in the eagle's nest, and that the 
eggs could not be hatched with- 
out its assistance. According to 
Lupton, it is a charm to be used 
by women in childbirth, and 
brings love between manandwife. 
A singular account of its virtues 
may be seen in Cooper's edition 
of Elyot's Dictionaries 1559, Sig. 

Aewaas, adv. Always. North, 

Aey, adv. Yes. Var, dial. 

It afaiteth the ilessh 
Tram folies ful mauye. 

Fiers PL, p. 291. 

He hadde a clergon yonge of age, 
'Whom he hath in his chamber affaited. 


The jonge whelpe whiche is affayted. 





As sone as somer come, to Yrlond he gan 

Vor to nfayty that lond, and to wynne ech 

cnde. Rob. Glouc, p. 179. 

Afalle, part. p. Fallen. 
Afare, 8. {A.'N.) Affairs ; busi- 
ness; ado. 
Afarne, adv. (^.-5.) Afar off. 
Afatement, 8, {A.'N.) Be- 
haviour; manners. 
Afayle v. {A,'N.) To faiL 
Afeared, \ 

affeard, ^pttrt.p.{A,'S.) Afraid. 

afert, J 

For be he lewed man or elles lered, 
He not how sone that he slisil hen afered. 

The Doetoures Tale. 
Ich am afert^ 
Lo whet ich se, 
Me thinketh liit heth develes thre. 

MS. Arund., 83. 

Afere, "I V. {A.-S, afceran.) To 
affear, J terrify, 

Tlie flom the soudan nam, Richard for to 
affere. LangtofVs Ckron., p. 187. 

And it afcreth the fend, 
I'or swich is the niyglite. 

Fiers PI., p. 395. 

Each trembling leofe and wliistling wind 

they heare. 
As ghastly bug, does greatly them affeare. 
Spenser*i Faerie Queene, II, iii, 20. 

AFEDE,t>.(-^.-5.) To feed. Chaucer. 

Afefe, v. {A.'N.) To feof ; to give 


Afeld, '\adv. (A.'S.) In the 

afelde, J field ; in fight. 

Ant hou he sloh afelde 

Him that is fader aquelde. Horn, 997. 

Afelle, v. (A.'S.) To fell; to 

cut down. 

That lond destrud and men aqneld, 
And Cristendom thai han inicliel afeld. 
Gy of Wartoike, p. 96. 

Afenge, V, {A.'S.) To receive; 

to take. 

A ladv, whyt as flowr. 
That hyghte la dame d'amore, 
Afeng hym fayr and M-ell. 

Lybeaus Disconus, 1401. 

Afeorme, v. {A.'N.) To confirm ; 

to make fast. 

Have who so the maistry may, 
Jfeormed fastc is Diis deray. 

Kyng Misaunder, 7356. 

Afer, 8. (A.-N.) A horse. The 
word is now used generally for 
a common hack, or cart-horse. 
According to Spelman, it was 
current in his time in Northum- 

Aferd, part, p. {A.'N.) In- 

Sche that is aferre lette her flee. 

RiUon, Ane. Songs, p. 77. 

Afetid, part. p. {A.'N.) Well- 
shaped, or featured, applied to 

Affabrous, adj. {Lat. affabre.) 

Affadil, *. {A.'N.) A daffodil. 
A form of the word common in 
the 15th and 16th centuries. 

Affaied, part. p. {4.'N.) Af- 
frighted ; affected. Langtoft, 

Affaies, 8. {A.'N.) Burdens. 

Aw AiNEDf part. p. {A.'N.) Feigned. 

Affamish, v. {A.'N.) (1) To fa- 
mish with hunger. Spenser. 
(2) To die of want. 

There is a cnrious clause in one of the 
Romish Casuists concerning the keep- 
uig of Lent, viz , that beggars which 
are ready to affamish for w ant, may in 
Lent time eat what they can get. 

HaWs Triumphs of Rome, p. 123. 

Affabulation, 8. The moral of 

a fable. 

Affect, v. {Fr.) To love. 

Wlio make it their taske to disparage 
what they affect not. 

Ashmole's Theatr. Ckem.f p. 461. 

Affect, i s. Affections ; passions ; 

affects, J love. 

For every man with his affects is horn. 
Love's Labours Lost, i, 1. 

Is't possible, I should he dead so soon 

In her affects ? 

Marston's What Fou Will, iii, 1. 
All overcome witli infinite affect 
Tor his exceeding courtesy. Spenser. 
It shall be so. Grime, eramercie, 
Shut up thy daughter, bridle her affects. 
Let me not miss her when I make 

Greene's Pinner of Wakefield, 1599. 




So her chief care, as carelcsse how to please 
Her own /#«<?/, was care of peoples ease. 
England's EUta^ Mirr. M., p. 8&3. 

Affbctated, par/, p. {Lat.) Af- 
fected. " A stile or oration to 
much affectated wyth strange 
words." Baret, 

Affectation, #. {Lat.) A cnrious 
desire of a thing which nature 
hath not given. Rider, 

Affecteously, adv. Aflfection- 

Affection, ». (fV.) (1) To love. 
" But can you affection the 
'oman?" Merry mves of Wind- 
Bor, i, 1. 

(2) 9. Affectation. 

(3) Sympathy. 
Affbctionatbd, part, p. {Lat,) 

Affectioned, part. p. Affected ; 

having affections. 
Affective, adj. Touching ; affect- 
ing; painful. 
Affectuall, adj. {Fr.) Effectual. 

"I adv. Passion- 
Affectu ALLY, I ^^^j affcction- 
affectuously, J ^^^1^ 

So that my writinge rather Brovokithe 
you to displeasur ihan it foruerithe me 
in any poyut concernyng your favour, 
whiche 1 most affectuall}/ covey te. 

Arehaologia, xxv, 89. 

I have sought hym affectuoaly. 

Reliq. Antiq., ii, 157. 

Affbctuosity, 8. The vehemence 
of passion. 

Affeebled, adj. Enfeebled. 

Affeer, v. {j4.-N.) To settle; to 

assess ; to reduce to a certainty. 

All amerciaments — that is, ju(ige- 

ments of any court of justice, 

upon a presentment or other 

proceeding, that a party shall be 

amerced — are by Magna Charta 

to be affeered by lawful men, 

sworn to be impartial. This was 

the ordinary practice of a Court 


Thy title is affetr^i I Fare thee well, lord. 

Macbctht iv, S. 

Affbbbers, ». Persons who, in 
courts Icct, are appointed upon 
oath, to settle and moderate the 
fines and amerciaments imposed 
upon those who have committed 
faults, or offences, for which no 
precise penalty is provided by 
statute; and they are likewise, 
occasionally, so employed in 
couits baron. 

Affende, v. To offend. 

AFFERAUNT,«.(./^.-iV.) Thchauuch 
of a hart. 

Afferb, (I) V. {A.'N. offerer.) To 
(2) 8. Countenance ; demeanour. 

Afferme, v. {A.'N.) To confirm. 

Among the goddes hye it is afemird. 
Chaucer, Cant. T., 2351 

ArFES^Bf part. p. {A.-N.) Fright- 

She for a while was well sore nfesed. 

Browne's Skepheard's Pipe^ Eel. i. 

trust; to rely in. 




For to shewe by experience 
That she is Kortuue verilie. 
In whom no man ne sliould affie. 
Nor in her yeftis have tiaunce. 

Bomaunt of the Rose, 5480. 

Bid none affiein friends, for say.liis children 
wrought his wracke. 

Warner's Albion's England, 1592. 

Pors ajyed in his strejrnihe. 

K. Alisaunder, 7351. 

Wlio that hath trewe amye, 
Joliflich he may hym in her afyghe, 

A, 4753. 

(2) To betroth in marriage. 

And wedded be thou to the hags of hell, 
I'or daring to affy a mighty lord 
Unto the daughter of a wortliless king. 
Having neither subject, wealth, nor diadcjn. 

2 Henry VI, iv, 1. 

Affinaoe, *. {A.'N.) The refining 

of metals. Skinner. 
Affine, (1) 8. (Lat. affnis.) A 


(2) V. {A.'N.) To refine. 





Affined, adj. Connected by re- 
lationship or otherwise. 

Now, sir, be judge yourself. 

Whether I in any just term ani affiu'd 
To love the Moor. Othello, i, 1. 

Affire, adv. On fire. Lydgate. 

Affibmablt, adv, "With cer- 

Afflight, 8, Flight. 

Affligit, adj, (^A.-N.) Afflicted. 

Affluency, «. (JLa/. affluentia.) 


You may justly wonder at this vast 
affluency of indulgences. 

Brevint's Saul, /-c, p. 263. 

Affodell, *. {A.-N.) The daf- 

Afforcb, V, {A.'N.) To strengthen ; 
to compel. See Aforce^ (the more 
common form.) 

Affore, ». {A,'N.) To make 


Heete and moysture directyth ther pas- 
With greene fervence i'<i/or*yongcorages. 
Lydgate'a Minor P., p. tMi. 

Afforest, v, (A.-N,) To turn 
ground into forest. This term is 
used in the Carta de Foreata, 
9 Hen. III. 

Afforme, v. {Lat,) To conform. 

Afforst, adv. Thirsty. See 


Not halffe ynowh therof he hadde, 
Oft he was afforst. Frere and Boy. 

Affrate, r. (A,'N,) To frighten. 

And whenne kynge Edwardes hooste 
had knowlege that sere Ferysle Brasille 
with the Scottesmen were comynge, 
thei remeved from the sege and were 
affrayed. Warkvorth's Chronicle, p. 2. 


' \ s, {A.-N.) 
'» J 


Bat yet I am in grete affraie. 

Rom. of the Rose, 4397. 

His herte was in grete afraye. 

Syr Tryamoure, 1382. 

Affray, «. A disturbance. 

Who ly ved ever in such delyt a day, 
That him ne meved eyther his conscience. 
Or ire, or talent, or som manor qffray, 

Chaucer, Cant. T., 6556. 

Affrayne, V, (A.-S,) To ques- 
tion ; to ask; to know by asking. 
I affrayned liym ftrst 
Fram whennes he come. Piers PI., p. 347. 

Affrayor, *. {A,'N,) The actor 
in an affray. 

Every private man being present be- 
fore, or in and during the time of an 
affray, ought to stay the affrayor, and to 

Eait them, and to put them in sunder, 
ut may not hurt them, if they resist 
him; neither may he imprison them 
(for that he is biit a private man). 

Dalton's Country Justice, 1629. 

Afframynge, *. (A.-N.) Profit; 

gain. Prompt, Parv., p. 176. 
Affrap, v. {A.'N.) To encounter ; 

to strike down. 

They bene y-mett, both ready to affrap. 


Affrend, v. (A.'S.) To make 
friends ; to reconcile. 
And deadly foes so faithfully affrended. 


kvTKETf 8. {Fr.) An assault; an 

And, passing forth with furious affret, 


Affrican, «. A name for a species 
of marigold. 

Affriction, *. Friction. 

Affrightment, «. A frightning. 
I have heard you say that dreames and 
visions were fabulous; and yet one time 
I dreamt fowle water ran through the 
floore, and the next day the house was 
on fire. You us'd to say hob<|:oblins, 
furies, and the like, were nothing but 
our owne affriffhtments, and yet o* my 
troth, cuz, 1 once dream'd of a young 
batchelour, and was ridd with a night- 
mare. But come, so my conscience be 
cleere, I never care how fowle my 
dreames are. The Fow-Brealer, 1630. 

Affrodile, 8, A daffodil. Chesh, 
Affront, (I) v. {/I:-N. affronter.) 
To confront ; to salute. These are 
the direct meanings of the word ; 
but it is also often used to denote 
encountering, opposing, attack- 
ing, and most generally, to offend 
and insult avowedly and with 
For we have closely sent for Hamlet hither. 
That he, as 'twere by accident, may here 
4ffnmt Ophelia. Hamlet, iii, 1. 




(2) t. A salutation. 

Onhr, sir, this I must caution ynn of, in 
your aff^ront, or salute, never to more 
your Lat. Green*s Tu (^nofne. 

Tlus day thou sball hare ingots, and to- 
Give lords th' affront. Jomsoh, AML, h, 2. 

(3) adv. In face of. 

All mortal wanres afr<mt the gate. 

Pkaer't Ftr^7, p. 124. 

Afnnt the towne. lb., p. 168. 

.... and on the shore «^r<mt them tends. 

lb., p. 221. 

Affrontedness, 8. Great impu- 

Affund, 9. {Lat.) To pour upon. 

Affyaunce, *. (^.'N.) Trust. 

Afgodness, s. (j4,-S.) Idolatry. 

Afield, adv. Gone to tbe fields ; 
out in the fields. Northamp^ 

Afilb, Ir. {A.'N.) (1) To 

AFFILE, J polish. 

For wel wyst he, whan that song was songe. 

He moste preche, and wel t^le his tun^ce. 

Ckaucert Cant. T., 714. 

(2) To defile. 

Alas, heo saide, y nere y-spilled ! 
for men me clepnth queue tdiled. 

Kyng JlisauHder, 1064. 

Afindb, V. {j4.'S.) To discover. 

And tha the Sarsens afaunde 
Her lord was slayn. 

Octovian, i, 1659. 

Afine, adv. The same as ^fyn. 

Afinored, adj, A-hungred ; hun- 
gry. See 4fi*^*^* 
And after manv maner metes 
His mawe is afyngred. Piers PI., p. 138. 

A vox gon out of the wode go, 
j/finffret so, that him wes wo. 

. Beliq. Antiq., ii, 272. 

Afit, adv. On foot. North. 

Afiyx, adv. Into five pieces. 

That his spere brast <dSr«. 

6y o/Wianrike, p. 89B. 

Aflamino, adj. Flaming. 

Aflat, adj. Flat. 

Aflaunt, adj. Showily dressed. 

Al aflaunt now vaunt it ; 
Brave wench, cast away care. 

Pnmot and CassandrM, i, 3. 

Afled, part. Escaped. "lie 
thought hym well qfled.** Sir 
T. More. 
Afli6htb,i;. {A.'N.) To be uneasy. 
Aflore, adv. On the floor. 
Afo, v. {A.-S.) To take ; to re- 
ceive; to undertake. 
Ac he therof nold afo, 
For nothing that he might do. 

Qy of Warwikg, p. 94. 

Apoat, adj. On foot. Var. dial 

Afoile, v. {A,-N.) To foil ; to cast 


Afonde, v. (A.-S. qfandian.) To 

prove ; to try. 
And nys non ned wyth foule handlynge 
Other other afondeth. W. de Skoreham. 

Afonoe, V. {^.-S.) To take; to 


Nou God that ous soule jaf, ous lete hire 
her so rede, 

That seint Michel ous mote afonge and to- 
fore him lede 1 
Middle- Age Treatises on Science, p. 140. 

Aforce, "1 ». {A.'N. afforcer.) 

AFFORCE, J ( 1 ) To force ; to com - 

pel. To aforce oneself, to labour 

to do a thing. 

And doth hit tume in yerdis leynthe. 

And aforced hit by streyuihe. 

K. AUsaunder, 788. 

And heo aforcede horn the more the hethene 

awey to dryre. Rob. Glouc. 

(2) To violate a female. 

He hath me of vilanie bisought ; 
Me to aforce is in his thought. 

Arth. and Mer., p. 88. 

^Ifo^en l(^) «^^- ^^•■^•) ^"• 

AFOREN, >^ jjj . ^ 

AFORN, J * ^ 

(2) Gone. Somerset. 
Afore-tuz. Before thou hast. 

Aforetime, adv. In time past. 
Aforetene, prep. (A.-S.) Over 

against ; in front of. Somerset. 

The yondir house, that stante aforyene us. 
Troilus and Cres., ii, 1188. 

Afornande, adv. Beforehand. 

Prompt. Pare, 
Aforne-caste, adj. (A.-S.) Pre- 
By high imaginacion ttfome-caste. 

Urry's Ckaucer. 




Aforran, adv. In store; in re- 
serve ; corrupted from ajorehand. 

Aforse, adv. (J.-N.) By ne- 

Than ffelle it afforse to ffille hem ateyne. 
Drpos. of Rich. II, p. 28. 

Aforthe, adv. (.4.-S. afor^.) Al- 
ways; continually. 

And yaf hem mete as he myghte aforthe. 
And mesurahle hyre. Piers PL, p, 129. 

Aforward, adv. In front. 

Afote, adv. On foot. 

Afoundrit, part. p. Foundered. 
ChattceTf ed. Urry. 

Afrawl, adv. For all; in spite 
of. Suffolk. 

Afreed, adj. Afraid. Derhysh. 

Afret, adv. (A'N.) Placed cross- 
wise, or in fret. 

For round environ her cronnet 
Wad full of riche stonis at'ret. 

Bom. of Rose, 3204. 

Afretie, v. (A.'S.) To devour. 

The fend ou afrelie 

Pol. Songs, p. 240. 

Afreyne, v. {A.-S.) The same as 

Afront, adv. In front ; abreast. 
Afrore, adj. Frozen. Somerset. 
Afrounte, v. {A.-N.) To accost; 

to encounter. An older form of 


And with Nede I mette. 
That afrounted me foule. 

Piers PL, p. 425. 

Aft, (1) adv. Oft. 

(2) prep. (A.-S. aft.) Behind ; 

after. North. "I'll come aft 

you." SusseXf hut not in general 

After, jwr<7?. (A.-S.) Afterwards; 

according tu. **After that they 

were," according to their degree. 
Afterburthen, s. The afterbirth. 
Aftercastb, *. A throw at dice 

after the game is ended; some- 
•. thing done too late. 


Afterclap, 8. Anything unex- 
pected happening after a disa- 
greeable affair has been thought 
at an end. 

For the assaults of tlie devil be craftie 
to make us put our tiiist in such armour, 
hee will feme hiuiselfe to iiie : but then 
we be most in jeo]mrdie. For he can 
give us an afterclap when we least weene, 
that IS, suddenly retuine uuau ares tu 
us, and then he giveth us an afterclap 
that overthroweth us, this armour de- 
cey veUi us. Latimer's Sermons. 

8. {A.-S.) Incon- 
» venience ; disad- 

The kynge and the duke were before 
put to great afterdeale; by reason of 
reformaiioun of that ille they gat dailj 
upon their enemyes. labian, ii, 143. 

Thus the battle was great, and often- 
times that one party m as at a forcdele, 
and anon at dsiafterdele, which endui'ed 
Malory, H. ofK. Arthur, 8m;., b. i, p. 169. 

After-eye, v. To keep a person 

in view ; to follow him. 

Thou should'st have made him 
As liitle as a crow, or less, ere left 
To after-eye him. Cymbeline, i, 4. 

Afterfeed, 8. The grass after the 
first crop has been mown, which 
is fed ofF, not left for an after- 
math. Oxford. 

After-game, *. The " after-game 
• at Irish" is mentioned in the 
Devil'8 LaW'Case, 1623. It is 
described in the Compleat Game- 
ster, 1709. 

What cursed accident was this? what 
mischievous stars have the managing of 
my fortune? Here's a turn with all my 
heart like an after-tfame at Irish. 

Etkertge, Comical Revenge, 1669. 

After- KINDRED, 8,' Remote kin- 
dred. Chaucer. 

After- LOVE, 8. A second or later 
love. See the Two Gentlemen 
of Verona f iii, 1, and Richard lit 
V, 3. 

Aftermath, s. A second crop of 
grass. Var, dial, 

AFTER-PARTE.The behind. Prompt. 

AFT 35 


After-sails, s. The sails that 
belong to the main and mizen 
roasts, and keep the ship to the 

Afterings, 8, The last milk taken 
from a cow. This word is used 
in the Midland Counties. *' Dunna 
mix the a/3fertn^» wi'tothermilk." 
— Do not mix the last drawn milk 
with the other milk. 

Apterleys, 8. Aftermaths. Berks. 

After-longe, adv. Long after- 

And after-longe lie lyved withouten stryfe. 

Rcliq. Antiq., i,*47. 

Afterwards. " I must leave that 
for old afterwards" i. e., I must 
do it at some future time. 

After-yerne, v. (A.-S.) To long 

Aft-meal, 8. A late meal. 

At aft-nuales who shall paye for t]ic wine? 
Thynne's Debate, p. 49. 

Apure, adv. On fire. Rob. Glouc. 

Afurst, adv. Thirsty. The two 
forms a-fyngred and a-fursty ap- 
pear to be characteristic of the 
dialect of the counties in the West 
of England, and occur often in 
Piers Ploughman^ and in manu- 
scripts probably wiitten in that 
part of the country. *^yiffurst 
corrupte pro at hirst y sitiens, siti- 
culosus." MS. Glouc. Gloss. 

Afurt, adj. Sullen. Somerset. 

Afwore, prep. Before. Var. 

Afyghte, v. (J.-S. afeohian.) To 
tame ; reduce, to subjection. 

Afyn, "I V, {A -N. a fin.) In fine ; 
afyne, J in the end ; at last. 

Mete and drynk they liadde afyn, 
Pyemeut, clar6, aud'Ueynysch wyn. 

launjal, 343. 

Ag,9. To cut with a stroke. North. 
Agaan, adv. Against; again. North, 
Agadred, part. p. Gathered. 

Aoab, 8, The ague. North, 

[N8T, J 

prep. (J.-S.) Againit ; 
near to ; towards. 




And preycth hir for to ride agein the 

The honour of his recne to sustcene. 

Chaucer, Cant. T., 4812. 
Til it were arieyn evyn. 

Songs and Carols, x. 

(2) adv. Used expletively. 

Tliis ciiie lietli between the rivers Don 
and Dec, Mlii'rein is the greatest store 
of snliiiDiis, that is tu be found again 
within the oonipasse ol Albion. 

Jjescr. of ScotL, liul'iMhed, p. 7. 
They have, in tliis country, suche plenty 
of fonli's bothe wilde and tame us tliC 
lykc number tigayne is not to be found in 
Brituine. lb., p. 14. 

A GAIN BYE, "[ V. {A.-S.) To Xt- 

aghenbie, j deem. 

Agaynbyer, *. A redeemer. 

*^Ayaynbyer or a raunsomere, re- 

demptor." MS. Harl., 221, fol. 3. 

Ageyn - BYiNGE, 8. Redemption. 

Prompt. Parv. 
Agayne-commynge, *. Return. 
Again-rising, s. The resurrection. 
Agaynsay, 1 *. (A.-S.) Con- 

agaynsayyng, j tradiction. 
Sure it is that he tooke lande peaceably 
Mythout any agaynsay or interrupcion. 

Hall's Union, 1548. 

Against ANDE, v. (A.-S. ayenslan- 
dan.) To resist; to oppose. 

Lordc, thou byddist suflferen both 
wronsies and strokes withouteu agein' 
stondinge. .. For suffering norisshetJi love 
and ageinstondeth debate. 
Prayer oj the Plowman, Harl. Misc., vi, 97 
For cause he came not foi-th with all his 

The tyrant fell to ngaynstand as lie hight. 
Hardyng's Chron., fol. 48. 
With castelles strong and towres for the 


At eciie myles ende toagaynstandevXXt the 

foonys. ' lb., fol. 53. 

Agaynewarde, 1 adv. (A.-S.) On 

ayenwarde, - the contrary, on 

ageynwarde, j the other hand. 

But agaynewarde the wretcheth dis- 
posvcion of the body distourbeth the 
soule. Trevisa, lib. ii, cap. iii, fol. 61. 
And ayenwarde, yf they bey unevyn in 

Eroporcyon, and infecte, theiine hee 
reuyth evyl and syknesse. 

Burthol.t by Trevisa, lib. It, p. 61. 




AoAiTARDS, adv. {J.-S.) " To gang 

agaiiwards" to accompany. A 

Yorkshire word. 
AoAiNTH, prep. Against. North, 
Agame, adv. In game. Chaucer, 
Agan, part, p. Gone. 
Agape, adv. On the gape. Milton, 
Agar, s, A sea monster ; perhaps 

a personification of the Higre, or 

bore of the tide. 

Hee [Neptune] sendeth a monster called 
the agar, against whose coming the 
waters roare, the fowles flie awav, and 
the cattel in the field for terrour shunne 
the bankes. Lilly's Gallathea, act i, s. 1 . 

Agar. An exclamation. Devon, 
Agarb. An exclamation, equiva- 
lent to^be on your guard, or, 
look out. 

With you agtdn, Beaugard. Jgare, ho ! 
Otway, The Atheist, 1684. 

Agarick, 8. (Lat.) The fungus on 
the larch. Gerard, Minsheu 
calls it ** a white and soft mush- 
room." It is also given as the 
name of an Assyrian herb. 

Agarified, adj. Having the ague. 

Agas-dat. St. Agatha's Day. 

Agased, \part, p. Astonished; 

AGAZED, J aghast. 

The Trench exdaim'd, "the devil was in 

All the whole army stood offoi^d on him. 

I Henry F/, i, 1. 

The were so sore agased. 

Chester Plays, ii, 86. 

AoAST, part, p. Terrified. Still 

used in the North. 

For which so sore ageut was Emelie, 
That she was wel neigh mad, Hud gan to 
crie. The Knightes Tale, 2343. 

Agaste, V, To frighten. Spenser, 

Agate, adv, (J,'S,) Agoing, ado- 


I pray yon, memory, set him eu/ate again. 

O. P., V, 180. 

To get agate, to make a be- 
ginning of any work or thing ; to 
be agate, to be on the road, ap- 
proaching towards the end. 
(2) t. A very diminutive person. 

Said to be a metaphor from the 
small figures cut in agate for 

Agate-wards, adv. To go agate- 
irar^^with any one, to accompany 
him part of his way home, which 
was formerly the last ofi[ice of 
hospitality towards a guest, fre- 
quently necessary even now for 
guidance and protection in some 
parts of the country. In Lincoln- 
shire it is pronounced agatehouse, 
and in the North generally c^a- 

Agathrid, part. p. Gathered. 

Age, 8. (A.'S. ace.) Ake ; pain. 

Thei feelen myche age and grevaunce. 
Medical MS. Ibth cent. 

Age, v. (A.-N.) To grow old. 

" My daam ages fast," t. e., she looks 
older in a short space of time. It is 
sometimes used in Yorkshire in the 
sense of affecting with concern and 
amazement, because those passions, 
when violent and long indulged, are 
supposed to bring on gray hairs and 
premature old age. The verb agyn oc- 
curs in Prompt. Part., p. 8, and Pals- 
grave has, " 1 age or wexe olde." 

Age, adv, (from A.-S, agen.) 
Against, towards. 

As the kyng Guourguont from Denemarke 

wende age 
Hider toward Engoloud. Rob. Glouc., p. 89. 

So gret tempest ther com that drof hem 

here and tiiere. 
So that the meste del adreynt were in the 

And to other londes some y drive, and ne 

come ner age. lb., p. 96. 

Agee, adv. Awry; obliquely; askew. 
North. It is sometimes used for 
" wrong," and occasionally a cor- 
ruption of *' lyar," as applied to a 

Age£an, prep. Against; again. 

Ageins, prep. Towards. 

AQBYvxjSfprep, Against 

Also hyt were a^eynus good reson, 
To take hys hure, as hys felows don. 

Cms tit. of Masonry, 167. 

AoELABTiCK,a4^'.( Gr,dyiKa<rTiKOQ,) 




Sad; sullen. Minsheu, Guide 

into Tongues, 1627. 
AoELT, (1) 9. (from A.'S, offildan,) 

Forfeited; repaid. 

(2) Offends. For agilt, 
Agen, adv. {J,'S.) Again ; against ; 


S%al have a sonper at your aller cost. 
Here in this place, sitting by this post. 
Whan that ye comeo agen from Canterbury. 
Chaucer, Cant. Tales, 8(^. 

Agenfrie, *. (A,-S, agenfrige.) 
The true lord or owner of any 
thing. Skinner, 

Agenhine, 8. (A.-S.) A guest at 
a house, who, after three nights' 
stay, was reckoned one of the 
family. Cowell. 

Agen-bising, *. (i^.-iJ.) The resur- 
rection. " This is the iirste a-^en- 
riagng, blessid, and hooli is he 
that hath part in the firste ajen- 
risyng:* Wychliffe's New Testa- 
ment t Apoc.f XX. 

Agebdows, adj. {A.-N.) Eager; 
keen ; severe. Skelton. 

Agest, adj. Greatly alarmed. Some- 
times used to express such great 
terror, as if a ghost had appeared. 
Used in Exmoor, and according 
to Grose, in the North. 

Agethe, pres. t. Goeth. 

Ago, (1) V. {A.-S. eggian.) To 
incite; to provoke. Exmoor. 
Agging, murmuring, raising a 
quarrel. Devon. 

(2) *. A grudge ; a spite. Nor- 

(3) V. To hack ; to cut clumsily. 

Aggeneration, *. {Lat.) A grow- 
ing together. 

Aggerate, s. (Lat.) To heap up. 

AoGESTED, 8. (Lat.) Heaped up. 

Aggie, v. (A.-S.) To dispute ; to 

Agglated. Adorned with aglets. 
BaU, Henry VIII, f. 162. 

Aggle, v. To cut uneven. North' 

Agqrace,(1)v.(A.-N.) To favour. 

And, that which all faire workes doth most 
aggrace. Spenser. 

(2) s. Favour. 

Of kindnesse and of courteous aggrace. 


Aggrate, V. (1) (A.-N.) To please 
or gratify. 

From whom whatever thing is goodly 

Doth borrow grace, the fan£y to agqrate. 
Spens., Tears of Pluses. 

(2) To irritate. P'ar. dial. 
Aggrede, v. To aggravate. Coles. 
Aggreevance, 1 *. (A.-N.) A 
aggrevauns, /grievance; injury. 


V. (A.'N. agreger.) 
>■ To augment ; to ag- 

And some tonges venemous of nature, 
Wlian they perceyve that a prince is meved. 
To agreg hys yre do their busy cure. 

Bochas, b. iii, c. 20. 

Aggresteyne, 8. (A.-N.) A sick- 
ness incident to hawks. 
Aggroup, v. To group. Dryden, 
Agguise, 1(1) 8. (from guise.) 
AGuiSE, J Dress. 

The glory of the court, their fashions 
And brave agguize, with all their princely 
state. More's Philos. Poems, p. 7. 

(2) V. To dress; to put on. 

Aghe, pres. t. Ought. 
Aghen, adj. (A.-S.) Own. 
Aghendolk, s. An old Lancashire 

measure, containing eight pounds. 

See Aighendale. 

Did covenant with the said Anne, that 
if she would hurt neither of them, she 
should yearely have one nqhetidole of 
meale. Fott's Discot. of ff'itches, 1 613. 

Aghful, 1 adj. (A.-S.) Fearful ; 

AGHLiCH, j dreadful. 
Aght, (1) pres. t. (from the A.-S, 
agan^ Owes ; ought. 

(2) pres. t. Possesses. 

(3) s. Possessions ; propertjr. 




(4) 8. Anything. 

Whan aght was do a5en8 hys wylle. 
He cursed Groddvs name wytli ylle. 

'MS. Harl., 1701, f. 33. 

(5) adj. (A.^S.) Eight. 

(6) 8. The eighth. 

Aghtand, adj. The eighth. 

Aghtele, v. {A.'S.) To intend. 

The knight said, May I traist in the 

For to tel my prevet^ 

That I have aghteld lor to do. 

Sevyn Sages {Weber), 3053. 

Aghtene, adj\ Eight. 

AoiLiTE, adj. Agile. 

If it be, as I liave sayd, moderately 
taken after some weightie businesse, to 
make one more Ireshe and agilite to 
prosecute his good and godly affaires, 
and laM'tuU businesse, I saye to you 
againe, he maye luwfuUye doe it. 
Northbrooke's Treat, against Dicing, p. 53. 

V. (A.-S. agiltan.) To 
guilty ; to oflfend ; to 



' U)eg 

■^»J sin. 

He agilte her nere in othir case. 
So here all wholly liis trespasse. 

Rom. of the Rose, 5832. 

Hiay were fid glad to excuse hem ful 

Of thing, that thay never Oj^t^^^ in her lyve. 
Chaucer, Cant. T., 5974. 

Agin, (1) conf. As if. Yorksh. 

(2) prep. Against. East, 

(3) adv. Again. Far. dial, 

Aginate, v. (from Low Lat, agi- 
nare.) To retail small wares. 
Rider's Dictionaries 1640. 

Aginatour, *. A hawker of small 
wares. This word is given by 
Skinner, who says he bad met 
with it but once. It occurs in 
Cockeram's English Dictionariey 

Agipe, 8, A coat full of plaits. 

Agist, v. (from Medieval Lat. agis- 
tare, supposed to be from Fr, 
gesir.) To take in cattle to de- 
pasture in a forest, or elsewhere, 
at a stipulated price ; to put in 
cattle to feed ; also called, in tlie 
North, jisin^, ffisiingy orjoisting 

cattle. Cattle so taken in are 

called gisements. According to 

Cowell, it is a law term, signifying 

to take in and feed the cattle of 

strangers in the king's forest, and 

to gather the money due for the 

same for the king's use. 

Agistment, s. (1 ) The feeding of 

cattle in a common pasture, for 

a stipulated price. 

For, it is to be noted, that agistment is 
in two sortes, that is to say, the eu/ist- 
ment of the herbage of woods, landes 
and pastures, and also the agisttnent of 
the woods, whicii is the niast of the 
woods, whicli by a more proper worde, 
for difference, is called the pawnaire. 

Manvcood's Forest Laws, 1598. 

(2) An embankment; earth 

heaped up. 
Agistor, 8. An intendant of the 

royal forests. 
Agitable, adj. Easily agitated. 
Agleede, V. (A.'S.) To glide 

forth ? 

When the body ded ryse, a grymly gos 
agleed. Lydgate's Minor F.,p.llQ 

Agler, 8. (A.'N.) A needle-case. 

Aglet, )8.(A.-N.) The tag of 

AiGULET, J a lace, or of the points 

formerly used in dress; a spangle ; 

a little plate of metal. Aglet, ** a 

jewel in one's cap." Barefg 


Wliich aU above besprinkeled was through- 
With golden aygulets that glistered bright. 
Like twinkling stars. Spenser, F. Q., II, iii. 

AU in a woodman's jacket he was clad 
Of Lincolne gieeue, belay'd with silver 

And on his head a hood with aglets sprad. 

lb., VI, ii. 

Aglet-babt, 8. A diminutive being, 
not exceeding in size the tag of a 
point. Shakesp. 
Aglets. The catkins of the hazel. 

Aglotye,». (from A.-N.gloutoyer.) 
To glut ; to satisfy. 

To mnken with papelotes 
To aglotye with here gurles 
That grcden aftiu- fode. 

Fiers PL, p. 629. 




Aglvttyd, /^or/. /I. Choked. Book 
of Si. Albans. 

Agnatles, 1«. a hang*nail. 
ANGNATLES, J This word is, pro- 
bably, the same as angnailt (pro- 
nounced in Yorkshire itan^mzt/9), 
"Which Grose gives as a provincial 
word used in Cumberland, to 
signify corns on the toes. Pals- 
grave has **agnayle upon one's 
too." "An agnailcy or corne grow- 
ing upon the toes." Riders Dic- 
iionarie, 1640. Minsheu explains 
it as the "sore betweene the 
finger and the naile." It is used in 
some places to denote pieces of 
skin, above, or Aan^ing over, the 
naiis, which are often painful and 
troublesome. These in Stafford- 
shire are called hack -Jr lends f 
and in Yorkshire, step-mother's 

It is good, dronken in wyne, against 
Bcorpioues, and for agnayles. 

Turner* s Herhal. 

With the shell of a poniegarned, they 
pursre away angtiayUa, and such hard 
swellinges, &c. Turner's Herbal. 

Agnation, s. {Lat, agnatio.) Kin- 
dred by the father's side. Minsk, 

Agnition, *. {Lat. agnilio.) An 
acknowledgment. Miege. 

Agnize, v. To acknowledge; to 
confess ; to know. 

Agnominate, v. {Lat.) To name 
from any meritorious action. Ag- 
nominationf according to Min- 
sheu, is a "surname that one 
obtaineth for any act, also the 
name of an house that a man 
commeth of." 

Ago, j V, (A.-S.) To go; to 

agon, > pass away. The part.p, 

AGONNE, J is still used in some 

parts of the country; a while 

ajjone^ some time ago. 

Be the lef, other be the loth, 
This worldes wele al otfolh. 

Ueliq. Jniiq., i, 160. 

Al tliilk tres;7a5 is a^o. I 

And I tolde them he was ago. 

Cocke Lorelles Jiote, p. 14. 

Tyll the thyrd dey be a<fone. 

MS. of Wh cent. 

Uppon that other syde Palanion, 
"Wbhtt he wiste that Arcite was agoon, 
Such sorwe niaketh. 

Chaueer, Cant. T., 1277. 

A-GOD-CHEELD. God Shield you ! 

Agonious, adj. Full of agony. 
Agonist, ir. {Gr.) A champion; a 

prize-fighter. Rider, 
Agonize, v. To fight in the ring. 

Agoo, part. p. Gone ; ago ; since. 

Dorset, and Somerset. 
Agood, adv. In good earnest; 

Agrade, V, (A'N.) To be pleased 

Agramb, "I V. {A.-S.) To dis- 
AGREME, l^ please; to vex; to 
AGROME, J anger. 

And if a man be falsely famed. 
And wol yninke purgaryouu, 
Thau Mol tile oilicers l)(; atjramed. 

Plowman's Tale, I 2281 

Lybeauus was sore ascltaroed. 
And yn hys herte agratnede. 
For he hadde y-lore liys sworde. 

Lybeaus Disconus, 1916. 

AGRASTE,/7re/. t. Agraced; showed 
grace and favour. Spenser. 

Agraunte, v. (A.-N. agreaunier.) 
To please ; to satisfy. 

Agrayde, v. (A.-N.) To arrange ; 
to decorate. 

Thyn halle atjrayde, and hele the walle 
With clodes and wyth ryche palles. 

LauHjal, 904. 

Agr^, adv. (A.-N. a, gre.) In good 
part; kindly. 

Whon\I ne founde fell. 
But toke affre all wliole mv plaie. 

Rom. of the £ose, 4349. 

Agre, V, To please. 

If harme affre me, wherto plaine I thenne. 
Troilus and Creseide, i, 410. 

Agreabilit6,«. Eas\ue%&ol\.tm'^\\ 




AoREAOE, V. To allege. 

Agreat, adv. Altogether. To 
take a work agreaty to take it 
altogether at a price. 

Agreeable, adj. Willing to agree. 
'* I am qaite agreeable to any- 
thing you likes best." A com- 
mon provincialism, though given 
by Forby as peculiar to East 

Agreeably, adv. Uniform ; per- 
fectly alike. Spenser speaks of 
tv70 knights "armed both agree- 

Agreeance,«. (yf.-iV.) Accommo- 
dation; accordance; reconcilia- 
tion; agreement. 

Agree, \adv. {A.-N.) In grief. 
agreve, I To take agref is a 
common phrase in the old 

And, nece mine, ne take it nat agrefe. 
Troilus and Creseide, iii, 864. 

Agremed. See Agrame, 

Agresse, V, (from Lat,) To ap- 

Agrestical, adj. {Lat.) Rural. 
Riders Dictionaries 1640. 

AQKETjadv. {J.'S.) In sorrow. 

Agrethe, v. (A.'S.) To dress ; to 

Agrbyb, t;. (A.'N, agrever.) To 
grieve a person ; to vex ; to in- 

And now fully porposide withowte oc- 
casyon of grey ff to be playntyffe agaynste 
me, whom I never agrnyde in no case. 
Monastic Letters, p. 188. 

Synne offendyth God in his face, 
And agretyth oure Lorde ffulle ylle. 

Ludtis Coventria, p. 41. 

Agriot, *. (Fr.) A tart cherry. 

V. {A,-S, agrisan.) To 
terrified ; to dread ; 
terrify; to disfigure. 

Yet not the colour of the troubled deep, 
I'hose spots supposed, nor the fo^s that rise 
I'rom the dull earth, me any whit agrite. 
Drayt.f Man in tKe Moon, 



To hide the terrour of her uncouth hew. 
From mortal eyes that should be sore 
agrized. Spenser, ¥. Q., VII, vii. 

Suche rulers mowen of God agrise% 

The Plomnan's Tale, L 2300. 
Who so take ordirs othirwise 
I trowe, that they shall sore agrise. 

lb., 2780. 

Theeode knyght up aros. 
Of mrnes wordes him t^ros. 

Kyng Horn, 1. 1326. 

And in his herte he sodainly agrose. 
And pale he wexte, &c. 

Legende ofThishCt 1. 125. 

Agromed. Angered, ^tt Agrame. 

Agrope, V, To grope ; to search 

Agros. See Agrise, 

Agrose, 8. {Lat.) A person who 
has much land. Cockeram^a Er^- 
Ush Dictionaries 1639. 

Agroten, v. {A,'S.) To cloy ; to 
surfeit with meat or drink. This 
word is given in Rider's Diction- 
aries 1640. It is generally ap- 
plied to surfeits. 

Gorges agroteied enbossed their entrayle. 

Bochas, b. V, c. 20. 

Aground, adv. To the ground. 

And howshefel flat downe before his feete 
aground. Eouteus and Juliet, 1562. 

Agrudge, V, {A*^N.) To be 

grieved at. 
Agrum, 8, A disease of hawks. 
Agrtm, 8, Arithmetic. See Al- 

Ague, (1) adv. Awry; obliquely; 

askew. North. 

(2) *. {A.-N. from aigus sharp.) 

Swelling and inflammation from 

taking cold. East. 
Agued, part, p. Chilly; cold; 


All hurt behind, backs red, and faces pale 
With fright and agued fear. 

Coriolanus, i, 5. 

Ague-ointment, s. An unguent 
made of the leaves of elder, held 
in Norfolk to be of sovereign ef- 
ficacy in curing agues in the face. 

Agub-proof, adj. Proof against 
an Qi^vxe. 




60 to, tliey are not men of their words ; 
they told me I was everything; *tia a 
lie, i am not ogM-proof, 

ERng Lear, iv, 6. 

AouE-TRfiB, 8, The sassafras. 

AouRRRT, 0. (Fr.) To discipline and 

make warlike. 
Aguilbr, 8, {A.-N. aguiUier,) A 


A silvir nedil forth I drowe, 
Out of a^tfer queint i-nowe, 
And gan this nedill threde anone. 

Eom. of the Bo$e,^%. 

Aguise. See Agguise, 

Agulte, t;. To be guilty ; to offend. 
The form of the word which oc- 
curs in Piers Ploughman, Robert 
of Gloucester, and other early 
writers. See Agilte, 

Agwain. Going. Agwon^ gone. 

Agte, (1) ». To guide; to govern. 
See Gie, 
(2) adv. Aside ; askew. North, 

Agynnb, V, (A,'S.) To begin. 

Thou wendest that ich wrohte 
That y iier ne thohte. 
By Rymenild forte lysrge, 
Y-wys ich hit witlisugge, 
Ne shal ich ner agynne 
£r ich Sudenne wynne. 

Kyng Horn, 1285. 

Ah. (1) I. Yorksh, 
(2) Yes. Derbgsh, 

A-HAN6, part. p. Hanged ; been 
hanged. Eob. Glouc, 

Ah but. Equivalent to nay butf 
frequently used in the country. 
It appears to be generally a 
sneering dissent to an assertion 
of an uncomplimentary character. 

Aheyb, 1 ^^^ Q^ jj. V 

AHY6H, J ° 

And ase he henge, levedy, four ous, 

Aheye oppou the hulle, 
I-8cheld ous wane we deade hen, 

That we ne hougy in helle. 

W. de Shoreham. 

And owt of the lond no myghte schyp go. 
Bole bytweone roches two, 
So ahygh so any mon myglite aeone. j 

JSjm^ Jlisa«$tdcr, 6236. / 

A-HEiOHT, a<f9. On high. Shakesp, 
Ahent, adv. Behind. Midland 

Ahint, adv. Behind. North. 

A hind, Leicest. 
Ahoh, adv. {/I.'S. awoh.) All on 

one side. Northamptonsh, 
A-HoiGHT, adv. Elevated ; in good 

A-HOLD, adv. To lay a ship a-hold, 

to stay her or place her so that 

she may hold or keep to the wind. 
Ahorse, a^o. On horseback. A^or /A. 
Ahte, (1)*. Possessions; property. 

Ah ! feyre thinges, freely hore! 
When me on woweth, beth war bifore 
Whuch is worldes ahte. 

Lyric Poetry, p. 46. 

(2) pret. t. Ought. 

(3) Eight. 

And 8ethe he reignede her 
Ahte anl tuenti foUe yer. 

Chronicle 0/ England, 418. 

Ahuh, adv. Awry; aslant. Var. 

A-hungry. Hungry. Shakesp. 

AH5E, 8. {A.-S. <ege.) Fear. 

Ai, adv. (A.-S.) Always ; ever. 

Aid, 8. In Staffordshire, a vein of 
ore going downwards out of the 
perpendicular line; in Shrop- 
shire, a deep gutter cut across 
ploughed land, as well as a reach 
in the river, are so called. 

Aider, 8. A helper. 

What men should scale the walles of the 
cytie of Worcestre, and who should 
kepe the passages for lettyng of res- 
kewes and aiders. 

Hall, Henry VJI, f. 4. 

AiDLE,t;. To addle; to earn. North. 
AiE, 8. {A,-S.) An egg. 

And for the tithing of a ducke. 
Or of an apple, or an aie. 

Vrry's Chaucer, p. 185. 

AiBL, 8. (A.'N.) A forefather. 

To gyve from youre lieires 
That youre aiels yow lefte. 

Fiers Ploughman, p. 814 

AiESE, «. Ease*, p\e3isui^\ i^<ii^- 




Aio, (1) 9. {A,-S.) A haw. Lane. 

(2) *. (y/.-iV.) Sourness. Narik, 
AiGHENDALB. A nieasure in Lan- 
cashire containing seven quarts. 
j^sh. See Aghendole, 

AiGHS, 8. An axe. Lane. 

AiGUTfpret, Ought; owed. Yorkgh. 

AiOHTEOBN,<i/(f.(^^.-S.) The eighth. 

AiGLE, 8. A spangle ; the gold or 
silver tinsel ornamenting the 
dress of a showman or rope- 
dancer. Shropsh. See Aglet. 

(3) «. An icicle. Midi. Counties. 
AiGRE, adj. {A.-\.) Sour; acid. 

Yorith. See Egre. 

AiGRBEN, 8. The house-leek. Eer- 

AiGULET, 8. The clasp of a buckle. 
** Aiguelet to fasten a clasp in.'* 
Palsgrave. See Aglet. 

AiK, 8. An oak. North. 

AiKBR, 8. Glon>'. Comvf. 

Ail, v. {A.-S. aidlian,) To be in- 
disposed. Far. dial 
(2) 8. An indisposition. 

AiLB, (1) *. A writ that lieth 
where the grandfather, or great- 
grandfather was seised in his 
deniaines as of fee, of any land 
or tenement in fee simple, the 
day that he died, and a stranger 
abateth or entreth the same day 
and dispossesseth the heir. Cowell. 
(2) *. {A.-N.) A wing, or part 
of a building flanking another. 

AiLETTEs, 8. (A.-dW) Small plates 
of steel placed on the shoulders 
in ancient armour, introduced 
under Edward I. 

Ails, s. {A.-S.) Beards of corn. 
Essex. ** The eiles or beard upon 
the eare of come." HuUyband. 

Aim, v. {A.-N.) (1) To intend; to 
conjecture. Yorksk. Shake- 
Sfieare has it as a substantive in 
the same sense ia the 2Vro Gent, 
of Verona^ in, 1. 

— like Cassias, 
Sits sadly dnmpine, aiming Ccesar's death. 
QrccMi Orlando lurioso, li^. 

(2) To aim at. 

(3) "To give aim," to stand 
within a convenient distance from 
the butts, for the purpose of in- 
forming the archers how near 
their arrows fell to the mark, 
l^f etaphorically, to direct. 

(4) "To cry aim," in archery, to 
encourage the archers by crying 
out atm, when they were about 
to shoot. lience, to applaud, 
to encourage, in a general sense. 

(5) To attempt. Yorksh. 
Aim-crier, s. A stander-by, who 

encouraged the archers l)y ex- 
clamations. Hence used for an 
abettor or encourager. 

"VHiile her own creatures, like aim-criers, 
beheld her mischiiuce with notiiiii*; but 
hp-pity. English Arcadia. 

Am f (I) adj. {A. -S.) Own. North. 

then hespy'd her ain dear lord. 
As he cam owre the see, &c. 

Fercjf's Religues. 

(2) 8. pL (A.'S.) Eyes. 
AiscRf adv. Once. North. 
AiNOGE, adv. Anew. Rob. Glouc. 
AixT, V. To anoint. Figuratively, 

to beat. Suffolk. 
Air, (1) adv. {A.-S.) 'Early. 

1 griev'd you never in all my life, 
K either by late or tur. 

Robin Rood. 

(2) *. (A.'N.) An heir. 

Tho^ tlie Sarazyns smyte of myn hed. 
He ys myn at/r after my ded. 

MS. JskmoU, xxxiii, f. 46. 

The rizht aire of that rimtr6 
£s cumen, with alle his knightes fre. 
MinoVs FoemSt p. 14. 

(3) Appearance. 

Air-dew, 8. An old nam6 for 

AiR-ORAWN, adj. Drawn in the 
air; a creature of the imagina- 

This is the very paintinsr of your fear; 
This is tbe air-drawn dag<rer, which said 
Led }oa to Duncan. MaehetkyVix,^. 

AiRB. 8. An aerie of hawks. See 




AlREN, B. pi. (J.-S,) Eggs. 

AiKLKS, *. {/I.N.; earles in Craven ; 
yearles in Westmoreland ; and in 
Scotland, airle-penny.) Money 
advanced, or given, to confirm a 
bargain. See Aries. 

AiRLiNG, adj. A light airy person ; 

a coxcomb. 

Some more there be, slight airlings, will be 

'With dogs and horses. 

Jonson's CatiUne, i, 3. 

AiRMS, 8. pL Arms. A Yorkshire 


Jlar necaked airms teea she liV'd te show, 
D'en when t' cawd bitter wind did biaw. 
TAa Yorkthire Dialfct, 1839, p. 13. 

AiRN, (1) 8, Iron. Maundeviles 

(2) V. To earn. Wills. 

(3) Either of them (e'er a one). 

AiRSTONBS, s, pL Stones fallen 
from the air ; meteoric stones. 

They talk of divers prodipes, as well in 
these parts as in Holiandi but specially 
airs tones ; the bell in his house dorh 
often rinK out two or three hours to- 
gether when nobody is near it, and 
when it is expressly watclied ; and the 
grates and bars of his windows are con- 
tinually hammered and battered, ns if 
there were a smith's for8:c, whicli hath 
almoet put him out of his wits. 

Letter, dated 1608. 

AiRT, #. (answering the Germ, ort.) 
A point of the compass. North. 

AiRTH, adj. Afraid. Mrthful, 
fearfuL Sorth. 

AiRT. An eagle's nest ; also used 
for the brood of young in the 
nest. See Aerie. 

Ai»Ki s. (A.-\.) (1) Ease. 
(2) The plant axweed. Skinner. 

AiSH, s. Stubble; as wheat, or 
oat aishf i. e. wheat or oat stub- 
ble. Grose g*ves this as a 
Hampshire word. 

AisicLicns, adv. Easily. 

AisiL, 1 s. (J'.S. aisil or eisil.) 
AT8EL I Vinegar; or at least a 
ASEL, J sort of vinegar. In two 

receipts in the Forme of Cufyt 
"wyne, vynegar ayftetl, other 
alegar," and " vynegar other 
aysell" are mentioned as ingre- 
dients. There was, perhaps, tliere- 
fore, a difference between what 
was ordinarily called viiiogar and 
aisel; and it has been supposed 
that aysell may have I)C(mi what 
has since been called verjuice; 
that is, an acid obtained from the 
expressed juice of crab-apples, or 

Agnus Castus soden with fenell in aseU 

is good to destroy the dropsy Also a 

pliiyster made w'yth thys liirbo ulicr- 
vill) tempered with a^sfU. destroyeth 
wyide fyre. Poor Man's Herbal. 

She was like thing for Iiungir ded, 
That lad her life only by bred 
Knediu with eisd st'rou'^ and cgre. 
And thereto she was lene amd nic^re. 
Chaucer, Rom. of the Itose, 1. 217. 

AiSLiCHE, adj. (A.'S. egeslice.) 

There I anntrcde me in, 
And aisliche I scyde. 

Piers PL, p. 471. 

AisNEciA, s. (from A.-X. aisn^.) 
Primogeniture. Skinner. 

AiST. Thou wilt. Line. 

AisTER-EAL, *. Easter-ale, an 
extra-allowance given to labour- 
ers at that season. Northampt. 

AiSTRE, 1 *. (A.-X. aistre, or, as it 
ESTRE, J is very commonly written, 
estre.) A house ; the parts or con- 
ditions of a house ; its apartments ; 
also, condition, life. The old 
French phrase, savoir I'aistre, 
which is interpreted connaitre 
tons lesreduitsd'une maisonj will 
help to explain its application in 
some of the English extracts. It 
is still in common use in Staf- 
fordshire, Shropshire, and, pro- 
bably, in most of the Midland 
Counties, for the fire-place ; the 
back of the fire ; or the fire itself. 
In the early writers the form estre 
is the more common. 




Al pe;nted was the wal in length and 

lake to the estres of the grisly place 
That hight the gret tempuf of Mars in 


Chaucer, Knights T., 1. 1972. 

This Johan stert up as fast as ever he 

And grasped by the wallesto and fro 
To fyude a star, and sche start up also, 
And knewe the estres bet than dede Jon. 

Beve's Tale, 1. 4290. 

His portes and hia estres were ful even 

Of tresour and of lordschyp 

Hist, of Beryn.,1105. 

IVrst by hjrs subtyll compassyng 
He gan espie the estres of the place. 
Bochas's Fall of Princes, f. 74. 

Ait, *. (A,-S,) A little island in a 

AiTCH, *. (^.-5.) An ach, or pain ; 

a paroxysm in an intermitting 

disorder. Var. dial. 
Aitch-bone «. The edge-bone 

(o« innominatum). Var, dial. 
AiTCHORNiNG,*. Gathering acoms; 

acorning. Chesh. 
AiTH, 8. (A.'S. a^.) An oath. 

AiTHE, *. Swearing. 
AiTHER, (1) pron. {A.-S.) Either. 


(2) Each. "Aw so three greet 
hee fellows cummin up t' loanin, 
an' aither o* them had a great 
big stick iv *is hand." West- 
moreland and Cumberland Dia- 
lectSy p. 323. 

(3) 8. (A.-S.) A ploughing. North. 
Aits, 8. Oats. North. 

AixES, 8. (A.-S.) An ague. Grose 
gives this as a Northumberland 
word, and Brockett explains it, 
" a fit or paroxysm of an ague." 

AiYAH, 8. The fat about the kid- 
ney of veal or mutton. Suffolk. 

Ajar, adv. This word is some- 
times figuratively used for con- 
fusing, clashing, or shaking. Its 
usual meaning is applied to a 
door part]y opened. 
Ajax, Pi'onounced Ajax (with the 

a long.) Sir Jobn Harrington, in 
1596, published a celebrated 
tract, called "The Metamor- 
phosis of Jjas" by which he 
meant the improvement of a 
Jakest or privy, by forming it into 
what we now call a water-closet^ 
of which Sir John was clearly the 
inventor. The book was an of- 
fence to delicacy,forwhich Queen 
Elizabeth kept him for some time 
in disgrace. Probably from this 
circumstance, the writers of the 
Shakespearian age were conti- 
nually playing on this name, 
by taking it in the sense given 
to it by Harrington. 

A stool M'ere better, sir, of Sir Jjax his 

invention, B. Jon., Epic, iv, 5. 

But, for his wit no matter much it wakes, 

Whether he sits at the boord, or on Ajax. 

Davies, Scourge of Folly, 1611. 

Adoring Stercutio for a god, no lesse 
unwoorthily then shanimUy consti- 
tuting him a p.atron and protector of 
Ajax and his commodities. 

Hosp. of Incur aJb. Fooles, p. 6. 

Inquire, if you understand it not, of 
Cloacina's chaplains, or such as are 
well read in Ajax. 

Camden, Bemaxns, p. 117. 

Ajee, adv. Awry; uneven. Var. 

Ajuggede, part. p. Adjudged; 

Ak, conj. {A.-S. ac.) But. 
Akale, adj. Cold. See Acale, 
Akard, adv. Awkward. North, 
Akcorn, 8. An acorn. 
Ake, *. (A.-S. iBC.) An oak. 
Akedoun, 8. The acton. See 

Akele, v. (A.-S. acelan,) To cool. 

The kyng hyre fader was old man, and drou 

to feblesse. 
And the anguysse of hys dojter hym dude 

more destresse. 
And akelde hym welthe more, sothatfeble 

he was. Rob. Glouc., p. 443. 

Akenne, v. (A.^S.) To recon- 
noitre ; to discover. 

Arer, (1) 8. (A.-S, cscer,) An 
acre \ a field. 




Thanne tweyne schnlen be In an aier, 
oon sclial be take, and au other left. 
Jlatthew,c.xx\yr, WyckUffe's version. 

(2) 8. An acorn. South, 
Aker-lond, *. Cultivated land. 
Akerman, #. A husbandman. 
Akether, adv. Indeed. Devon* 
Akbvere, v. {J,'N.) To recover. 
Akbward, adv. Wrongly. See 

Akinnanck, adv. On one side; 

askaance. Dorset, 
Akker, V, (A,'S,) To shake, or 

tremble. Northamptonah, 
Akkerd, adj. Awkward. Nor- 

Aknawe, "1 

AKNOWB, I adv, {A,'S.) On 
AKNEK, I knees ; kneeling. 


And made mony knyght almatoe. 
On medewe, in feld, ded bylaue. 

Kjfng AUsaunder, 3540. 

Tho Athelbnu astonnde, 
Fel aknen to grounde. 

Kyng Homy 340. 

Aknawe, V, {J.'S.) To know; 
to acknowledge; to be con- 
scious of. 

AK8I8, *. {J.'S.) The ague. See 

That is y-scbakjd »nd schent with the 
aksis. Audelajf's Foenu, p. 47. 

Akse, V. (A,'S.) To ask. 

Al. Will. A'l, I will, he wilL 

Var, dial. 
Alaan, adJ, Alone. North, 
Alabastrine, adJ, Like alabaster; 

made of alabaster. 
Another while nnder the crystall brinks 
Her alabastrine well-shapt limb« she 

Like to a lilly sunk into a glasse. 

Sylvester's JJu Bartas, 202. 

Alablaster, «. (1) a corruDt pro- 
nunciation of alabaster, 
(2) An arbalest. 
Alabre, *. A kind of fur. 
And eke his cloke with alahrSt 
And the knottes of goide. 

MS. of ^Uh cent. 

kLACcHS, P. (j^.'JV. aUicAer,) To 


faint or fall down from weakness; 

to fell, or strike down. 
Alacrious, adj, {Lat.) Gay ; joyful. 
A-LADY, *. Lady-day. Suffolk, 
Alamirb, 8, The lowest note but 

one in the scale of music of 

Guido Aretine. 
Alamodb, *. (Fr.) A kind of 

Alamort, a((/. (Fr.) Half dead; 

in a dying state ; drooping. 

Whose soft and royal treatment may 

To heal the sick, to cheer the alamort. 

Fansh. Lusiad, ▼, 85. 

Sometimes written all amort. 

See Amort, 

Aland, adv. On land ; to land. 

Where, as ill fortune would, the Dane with 

fresh supplies 
Was lately come aland. 

Drayton*s Polyolbion, 

Aland, "j *. {A.-N, alan, alant,) 
ALAN, y A kind of large dog ; a 
ALAUND, J boar-hound. 

Aboute his chare wente white alaunz. 
Twenty and mo, as grete as eny stere, 
To hunte at the lyoun, or at the here. 
And folwed him with mosel fast i-bounde, 
Ck>llerd with golde, and torettes fylid 
rounde. Chaucer, Cant. T., 1. 2150. 

Foure coursers and two allans of Spayne, 
faire and good. 

Bourchier's Froissart, b. iv, c. 24. 

Alande, V, (from the adv.) To 

Alane, adJ, Alone. North, 
Alanewb, *. New ale. Huioet, 
Alang, adv. Along. North. 
Alan&b, I adj, (1) Irksome ; pain- 
ALENOE, S ful. Apparently only 
another form ofelenge, which see. 

In time of winter alange it is ! 
The foules lesen her bliss. 

Ellis's JUmances, ed. 1811, i, 269. 

(2) Strange. Prompt. Parv. 

(3) Lonely. 

Alangenes, *. Irksomeness ; 

Alantum, ad«.(froTO Fr.lomtam>^ 

At a disUnce. To \\i\% "Noxd^ ^ 



is generally subjoined. It is given 

by Grose, Thoresby, and Carr, 

as a word used in Yorkshire. 

Alapat, v. (Fr.) To hit hard ; to 

beat. Jlapite, in old French, is 

interpreted as meaning farceurs 

qui se dmnoient des sovffiets pour 

amuser le peuple. 

Not with a wnnd to alupat nnd strike tliera. 
Melton's Sixe-fold Politician, p. 125. 

Alaran, «. Seems to mean a kind 
of precious stone, in the follow- 
ing passage quoted from a MS. 
of the 15th century. 

Here cropyng was of vyrhe gold, 
Here prirrelle alle of alaran: 

Here brjdyil was ot reler bolde, 
On evLMysideliangryd bellysthen. 

Alarge, V. {A.-N.) To enlarge ; to 

bestow liberally. 

Sjicli part in tlier natiritie 
"Was then alargid of beaut ie. 

Chaucer's Dreame, 156. 

Alas-a-day. An exclamation of 

pity. Var. dial. 
Alas-at-ever. An exclamation of 

pity. Yorksh. 
Alassn, conj. Lest. Dorset, 
Alast, adv» At last ; lately. 
Alate, adv. Lately. 
Alatrate, v. {Lat.allatrare.) To 

growl ; to bark. 

Let Cerberus, the dog of liel, alatrate 
Miiat lie liste to the contrary. 

Htubbe's Anafomie oj Abuses, p. 179. 

Alaund, adv. On the grass ; on 

the ground. 
Alaunder, 8. A kind of pottage. 

Alannder of moton. Take raoton of the 
legjre, and seth hittendur bi liitself,and 
qwhen hit is sothcn, take aud braie hit 
in H morter, or hewe hit snial with a 
knyle, and putte hit in a pot and boile 
hit with the same broth ; and take saf- 
frone, and pouderof ciowes, and of canel, 
and put therto, and seth hit, and serve 
hit forlhe. Cookery Receipts. 1381. 

Jlavnder of beef. Take leekca of the 
leugthe of a spoune, and take parcel and 
hewe smal, and pouder of pepur, and 
maree, and tempur hit togedur, and 
take leeches of beef, and roile hom 
therin, and laye hom on a gridirne and 
on the coles tyl they ben rested ; and if 


ye have no maree, take of the self talghe 
and hewL'liit with the parcelle, and tem- 
pur iiit as ye dyd before. lb' 

Alawk. Alack; alas. Suffolk. 

Alay, v. (A.-N.) To mix; to re- 
duce, or lower, by mixing : ap- 
plied most commonly to wines 
and liquors. 

He must be ware of alle such thinges as 
may chafe himr if he drink eth wiuelet 
him alnye it, or let it be sonre. 
HoUbiish's Homish Apothecary, fol. 41. 

(2) A term in hunting, when 

fresh dogs are sent into the cry. 
Alaye, v. {^.-S. alecgan.) To lay 

low; depress; to apply. 
Albacore, 8. (Pr.) A kind of 

Tlie albacore that followeth night and day 
The flying fish, aud takes them for liis prey. 
^ BHi.Bibl.,'\i,4Sii. 

Albe, conj. Albeit ; although. 
Albk, 1 8. {A.-N.) A long white 
aube, \ linen garment, worn by 
awbe, J Roman Catholic priests. 
Albidene, \adv. (A.-S.) From 
ALBEDENK, j time to time ; one 
after another; by and by; forth- 

Kend it es how 5e war kene 
Al Inglis-men witli dole to dere ; 

Thaire gudes toke 50 albidene. 
No man born wald je forbere. 

MinoVs Poems. 

The ten comaundementes allebedeiie. 
In oui-e play je xal hem sene. 

Ludus Coventrue, p. 4. 

Alberge, 8. (Fr.) The early peach. 

Albespyne, 1 «. (A.-N.) White- 

aubepyne, j thorn ; hawthorn. 

And there the Jewes scorned him, and 
madeuhim a crowneofthebrauncheaof 
albespyne, that is white thorn, that grew 
in that same gardyn, and setten it on 
his heved. Mauna'evile's Travels, p. 18. 

Albian, 8. An old term for that 
variety of the human species now 
called the Albino. 

Albification, *. (I-a^) A chemi- 
cal term for making white. 

1 *. {A.-N.) An 

Alblast, I instrument for 

alblastre, j gi^ooting arrows. 




Both alblast and mrmy a bow 
War retly railed opon a row. 

M'uiot^s Poems, p. 16. 

With aWastres and witli stones, 
They slowe men, and bniken bones. 
Kyng Alisaunder, 1211. 

Alblastere, *. A crossbow-man. 

Albbicias, 8. (Spanish.) A reward 
or gratuity given to one that 
brings good news. 

Alburn, adj. Auburn. Skinner, 
This word occurs in j4 New Eng- 
lish DiWionary, 1691, explained 
*' a white brown." 

Alburn -TREE, *. This word occurs 
in MS. Harl.,221 {the Prompto- 
rium Partmlorum)t explained by 
"viburnum," the wild vine. 

Albyn, adj. {Lat.) White. 

Albysi, adv, {j4.'S.) Scarcely; 
i. e. with much business or 
labour, hardly. Rob. GlouCj p. 81. 

Alcamyn£,». a mixed metal. An 
alchvmical term. 

Alcatote, "I «. A silly fellow. 


An oaf, a simple alcatote, an innocent. 
Ford's Works, ii, 212. 

Alcatras. a kind of sea-gull, (//a/.) 

Most like to tliat sbnrp-sighted alcatras, 
Tliat beats the air above the hquid glass. 


Alchemy, s. A mixed metal. See 

Alchion. Halcyon. This corruption 
occurs in Tatham*s Royal Oake, 

Alchochoden, s. The term given 
in astrology to the planet which 
bears rule in the principal places 
of an astrological figure, when a 
person is born. 

ALD,a£^'. (A.'S.) Old. 

(2) V. Not unfrequently used in 
old MSS. for held, or hold. 

Alday, adv. Always. 

They can afforce them aldap, men may see. 

Bochas, b. i, c 20. 

Alder, (1) adj. Older. 

(2) s. An elder; an ancestor. 
Our aiders, our ancestors. 


(3) A common expression in 
Somersetshire for cleaning the 
alleys in a potatoe ground. 

Forms of the gen. pi, 
of a/ (all), representing 
^he j4.'S, ealra. This 
was one of the Anglo- 
Saxon forms of inflection which 
were preserved to a very late 
period of our language. It was 
used most frequently in compo- 
sition with an adjective in the 
superlative degree ; of which we 
may give the following ex- 
- beat. Best of all. 

Hy ben the altherbest 
That ben from est into west. 

Kyng Alisaunder, 1. 4878 

For when je wenetli alrehest 
For te have ro ant rest. 

Reliq. Annq., i, 116. 

That standetli yet awrye ; 
It was nat heled alderbest. 

Skelton, ii, 63. 

•fairest. The fairest of all. 

The child lie sotte next his hende. 
In the altheifairest sete. 

Floris and BlanchJUmr. 

-first. The first of all. 

Tho allerfurst he nndurstode 
That he was ryglit kyngis blod. 

Ki/ng Alisaunder, 1569. 

•formest. The first of all. 

For there thai make serablant fnirest. 
Thai wil bigile ye altherformest. 

Sevyn Sages, 2726. 

-highest. Highest of all. 

And alderhighest tooke as^ronoraye. 

Lydgate's Minor P., p. 11, 

-last. Last of all. 

And atderlast, how he in his citee 
Was by the sonne slayne of ThoIoro6. 

Bochas, b. v, c. 4. 

Hur own lorde, altherlaste. 

The venom out of hvs hedd braste. 

Florence of Borne, 2115. 

-lest. Least of all. 

Love, ayenst the wliiche who so defendith 
Himselviu moste, him aldirlrst Hvaiictli. 

Troiiua and Cr., i, 605. 




Tlmt of the altherUste irounde 
Wei-e a stede broaht to grande. 

Bavelok, 1978. 

"lirfest. Dearest of all. 

< mine alderlevist lorde, or brothir dere. 

TroU. and Cr., iii, 240. 

An instance has been given in 

which this compound appears in 

the comparative degree. 

An alder-leefer swaine I weene. 
In the bnrge there was not seene. 
C<Aler of Cmtterh., 1608, sig. x, ii. 

"lowest. Lowest of aU. 

It^mmSf aklyrlowest. 

Beliq, Antiq^ i, 7. 

'.motU Greatest of all. 

But aldirmost in honour out of donte. 
TroU. and Cret.^ i, 152. 

To wraththe the God and paien Uie fend 
hit senreth ^Uermott. 

Pol. Songt, p. 336. 

The floor of chyralarie now have y lost, 
In wham y trust to mlremoat. 

MS., lea cent. 

Jesu vril the help in haste ; 
Thi mischefe es now altkermaste. 

Seom Sages (Weber), 3669. 

"next. Nearest of all; next of 


The Saterday althemexte sew^g. 

Lydgat., Min. P., p. 20. 

"truest. Truest of alL 

First, English king, I humbly do request^ 
That by your means our princess may unite 
Her love unto mine aldertruett love. 

Oreene't World, ii, 166. 

"Worst, Worst of alL 

Ye don ous alderwerst to spede« 
"When that we han mest nede. 

Gy of Warwike, p. 128. 
Mon, thou havest wicked fon. 
The alre-worst is that on. 

Lyric Poetry, p. 104. 

•wisest. The wisest of all. 

For aldirwiiiit han therwith ben plesed. 
Troil. and Cres,, i, 247. 

Aldbrkar, Is. An alder 

ALDTR-KTRy > plantation in a 

ALDER-CARRE, J moist, boggy 

place ; explained in the Prompt, 

Parv, by locus ubi alni et tales 

arbores crescunt. See Car, 

AldbrlinoBi «. Akind of fishy said 

to be betwixt a trout 


Aldermanry, s. A gov 

by aldermen. 

The government of Stamford 
before their written charter, 
used amongst themselves by a 
prescription, which was ct 
aldermanry of tlie guild. 

Butcher's btamford, 17 

Aldermen, «. (//.-i9.) Men 
and dignity above the ret 

Aldbrnb, s. (A.'S.) Th 

Aldo, conj. Although. Ea 

Aldress, s, (A.'S.) The 

an alderman. The word 

on a brass plate in the ch 

St. Stephen, Norwich, g 

Bloraefield, Hist. Norw.. 

vol. ii, p. 595. 

Here ly buried Misstresse Maud ] 
Sometyme an Aldress, but now an 
Anno MCCCCCLX and Seaven, 
The XIU Day of April, then 
My Lyf 1 leafte, as must all Men, 
My Body yeldinz to Christen Dus 
My Some to God the faithfull and 

Aldrian, s. a star on the i 
the lion. Chaucer, 

kL^^s.{A.-S,) (1) A rural f 
"At wakes and ales.** Be 
sorCs Tale of a Tubyprol, 

(2) An ale-house. 

0, Tom, that we were now at Pv 
the ale there. 

Thm. Lord Cromwe 

(3) All. 

(4) Also. 
Alebbrrt, s, a beverage 

by boiling ale vnth spic 

sugar, and sops of bread. 

Aleccioun, s. An election. 

Besechyng you therfore to hel; 

resignacion therof, and the kvngt 

to the byshop of Lincoln for the a 

Monastic Letters, 

Albcib, s. Drunkenness caui 

If he had arrested a mare instt 
horse, it had beene a slight ove 
but to arrest a man, that hath i 
neiie of a horse, is flat lunasie, o] 
Lyly's Mother 2 




AxECOKKnt, 9. "An officer ap- 
pointed in every Gourt-leet to look 
to the assize and goodness of 
bread, ale, and beer." Kersey, 
It is said of Captain Cox, of 
Coventry, that he was 

Of very great crcdite and trust in the 
toon heer. for he has been eliozen ale- 
eunner many a yeer, when hiz betterz 
bare stond by ; and ever quitted himself 
vith such estimation, az yet, too tast of 
a cup of nippitate, his judgement will 
be taken above the best in the padsh, 
be hix noze near so read. 

Laneham {Trogr, ofElie., vol. i.) 

In some parishes, the «feconn«r^« 
jnrisdictieB wes very extensive. 

Alecost, 8. Costmary; an herb 
which was frequently put into 
ale, being an aromatic bitter. 
Still used in the North. 

ALEcnvB, 8, (Lat,) An attraction ; 

There is no better aleethe to noble 
wittes, then to endure them in a con- 
tencyon with their infehoor compa- 

Sir Tho. lE^aPt Govemwr, p. 16. 

Alectivb, adv. To wit. Nyot. 
Aled, \part, p. Allayed; sup- 
ALEiD, j pressed ; abolished. 

From alaye, 
Aledgement, 8. (J.'N.) Ease; 

Ale-dbapeb, 8. A keeper of an 


The rule is this, let com be cheap or dear 
The bread should weigh as it is rated here. 
But why should bakers be so strictly us'd. 
And the aU'drapers frequently excused : 
They deal in neck and froth, and scanty 

Their short half pints by vhichtheyget 

their treasure; 
Were all they pillory'd that do trade this 

It would take up a veiy busy day. 

Poor Eoiin, 1735. 

A-lee, adv. 'On the lee. 

Sut whan approaching Sidl coast the winde 

thee forth doth blow. 
And tiiat Felorus crooked straitet begin 


Than left hand land, and left hand sen, 

with compas long aUe, 
Fetch out HJoofe from lands and seas oa 

right hand, see thou flee. 

Fkaer's Virgil, 1600. 

Ai.EEa, 8. Aloe trees. 

Of erberi and aleet. 
Of alle maner of trees. 

Pistill of Susan. 

Ale-feast. A rural festival. The 
Whitsun ales are common in 
Oxfordshire, and are conducted 
in the following manner : Two 
persons are chosen, previously 
to the meeting, to be lord and 
lady of the ale, who dress as 
suitably as they can to the cha- 
racters they assume. A large 
empty barn, or some such build- 
ing, is provided for the lord's 
hidl, and fitted up with seats to 
accommodate the company. 
Here they assemble to dance and 
regale in the beist manner their 
circumstances and the place will 
afford; and each young fellow 
treats his girl with a riband 
or favour. The lord and lady 
honour the hall with their pre- 
sence, attended by the steward, 
sword-bearer, purse-bearer, and 
mace-bearer, with their several 
badges or ensigns of office. They 
have likewise a train-bearer or 
page, and a fool ur jester, drest 
in a party-coloured jacket, whose 
ribaldry and gesticulation contri- 
bute not a little to the entertain- 
ment of some part of the com- 
pany. Ti>e lord's music, consist- 
ing of a pipe and tabor, is em- 
ployed to conduct the dance. 

Albft, (1) part. p. Lifted up. 
(2) adv. On the left hand. 

Alegar, ». {ale-aigre.) Sour ale, 
used as vinegar in Cumberland. 
According to Mr. Hunter, it is 
ale or beer which has passed 
through the acetous fermenta- 
tion, and is used in Yorkshire as 
M tobeiyp sttbatitute Jbr VAU^gv. 




Mr. Clive, in his MS. Stafford- 
shire Glossary f calls it **a fine 
acid liquor.'' Skinner gives it as 
a Lincolnshire word, and it is 
still in use in that county. In 
Westmoreland the word is pro- 
nounced allekar. 

A licence was granted, 1595. by the 
queens patentee, to Mr. Francis Ander- 
son to nave the sole brewing of ale 
and beer, for making beer, vinegar, 
heerager and edegar within that town, 
and its liberties. 

Brandos Hist, of NewctutU. 

Alegge, !». {A.'N. aleger.) (1) To 
ALEGE, J alleviate. 

The joyous time now niglietli fast, 

Tiiat shall aleage this bitter blast. 

And slake the winter sorrow. 

Speiii. Skep. Kal., m, 4. 

But if thei have some privilege. 
That of the paine hem woU alege. 

Bom. of the Boss, 1. 6626. 

(2) To allege. 

They wole aleggen also, quod I, 
And by the Gospel preven. 

Biers Blougkman, p. 207. 

AxEGRANCE,«. {A,-N.) Alleviation. 
" AUegyavce, or softy nge of dys- 
ese, alhviacio.** Prompt. Parv, 

Aleger, adj, (Fr.) Gay ; joyful. 

Alehoofe, *. Ground ivy; for- 
merly used in the making of ale. 

Aleiche, adj. Alike ; equally. 

Ale-in-cornes, s. New ale. Hu- 

' loefs Abcedarium, 1552. 

AxEis. (1) Alas! North, 

(2) s. Alleys. 

(3) 8. Aloes. Chaucer, 
Aleived, part. p. Alleviated ; re- 
lieved. Surrey. 

Aleknight, «. A frequenter of ale- 
houses. " A common haunter of 
alehouses, or vittayling houses, 
an aleknightt a tipler." BareVs 
Alvearie, 1580. 

AxENDB, pret, t, of alande. 

Alenge, adj. Grievous. See Alange. 

Aleond, adv. By land. See Aland. 

Ale-fgle, s. Another name for 

what was more usually called an 


Another brought her bedes 

Of jet or of cole, 

To offer to the ale-pole. Skelton. 

Ale-post, s. A maypole. West, 

Alese, v. {A.'S. alysan.) To loose ; 
to free. 

Ale-shot, «. The keeping of an ale- 
house within a forest by an officer 
of the same. Phillips. 

Ale-silver. A rent or tribute 
yearly paid to the Lord Mayor 
of London by those that sell ale 
within the city. Mentioned in 
Miege, 1687. 

Ale-stake, s. A stake set up at 
the door of an alehouse, for 
a sign. Palsgrave, f. 17, trans- 
lates it by "le moy d'une ta- 
verne.'^ It appears that a bush 
was frequently placed at the top 
of the ale-stake. 

He and I never dranke togyder. 
Yet I kuowe manv an ale-stake. 

Hawkins's Old Blays, i, 109. 

But, first, quoth he, here at this ale-house- 
I will bothe drinke, and etin of a cake. 

Chaucer, Urry, p. 131. 

And with his wynnynges he makith his 

At the tue-stakis, sittyng ageyn the mone. 

Beliq. Antig., i, l^. 

— not set like an ale-stake 
Proudlie to brag yourselves and bring flies 
in brake. 

Heywood^s Spider and Flie, 1556. 

— the beare 
He plaies with men, who (like doggs) feele 

his force, 
That at the ale-stake baite him not with 

beere. Bavies, Scourge of Folly, 1611. 

Alestalder, s. a stallion. East 

Alestan-bearer, 8, A pot-boy. 

Higins's Nomenclator, 
Alestond, s. The ale-house. 
Ale-stool, s. The stool on which 

casks of ale or beer are placed in 

the cellar. East. 
Alex, «. (1) Aikindofiiawk« 




(2) An ailette, or small plate of 
steel, worn on the shoulder. 
Marie Arthure. 

{3) part, p. Carved, applied to 
partridges and pheasants. 

Ale-taster, «. According to Co- 
welly an officer appointed in a 
court leet, and sworn to look to 
the assize, and the goodness of 
hread and ale within the pre- 
cincts of the lordship. See Co- 
welTa InterpreteTf 1658. 

Alevbn. Eleven. 

^^^' \ inter;. Halloo. 

^ ALOW, J *' 

Yet did slie not lament with loude alew. 
As women wont, but with deepe sighes 
and singnlfs few. Faerie Queene, V, vi. 

Ale-wife, s, A woman who keeps 
an ale-house. 

Alexander, «. (J.-N.) The name 
of a plant, great parsley. 

Alexander's-foot, 8, The plant 
} pellitory. Skinner. 

Alexandrin, adj. Cloth or em- 
broidery of some kind, brought 
from Alexandria. 

Alete, 8. (J.'N.) An alley. 

That in an aleye had a privee place. 

Chaucer, Cant. T. 

Albtn, adv. Alone. 

Aleynb, v. {A.-N.) To alienate. 

In case they dyde eyther selle or aleyne 

the same or ony parte therof, that the 

same Edwarde shulde have yt before 

) any other man. Monastic Lett ere, p. 86. 

And leyde on hemlordschipe, aJeyne uppon 
other. Deposition of Richard 11, p. 12. 

Alf, *. {AS.) An elf ; a devil. 
Alfabez, 1 *. {Spanish.) An en- 
alfbrbs» J sign. The word was 

in use in our army during the 

civil wars of Charles 1. 

And then your thoroughfare, Jug here, his 
aJfarez. Ben Jonson's New Inn, iii, 1. 

Cflfmmended to me from some noble friends 
For my alferes, B. and FL Rule a W., \, 1. 

The heliotropeum or sunflower, it ig 
said, is the true alferes, bearing up 
the standard of Flora. 

Jiwibl., to the Forth. Sodalitie, p. 49. 

Al-favourite, 8. A terra applied 

to a fashion of wearing the hair. 

Jl'favourites, a sort of modish locks 
hang dangling on the temples. 

Ladies* Dictionary, 1694. 

Alfeynly, adv. Slothfully ; slug- 
gishly. Prompt. Parv. 

Alfridaria, 8. An astrological 
term, explained by Kersey to sig- 
nify *• a temporary power which 
the planets have over the life of 
a person." 

I'll find the cusp and alfridaria. 
And know what planet is in cazimi. 

Jlbumazar, ii, 5. 

Alfyn, 1 ^^j Yjjg ^jg^^Qp jjj 

ALPHYN, > ^jjg g ^^ ^jjggg 

aufyn, J ° 

The alphyns ought to be made and 
formed in manner of judges silting iu a 
chair, with a book open before their 
eyes; and that is because that some 
causes be criminal, and some cfvil. 

Caxton, Gaine of Chess. 

(2) 8. {A.-S.) A lubberiy fellow 

(equivsilent to elvish); a slug- 

Now certez, sais syr Wawayne, 
Myche woudyre have I 
That syche an alfyne as thow 
Dare speke syche worUez. 

Morte Arthure. 

Algarot, 8. A chemical prepara- 
tion, made of butter of antimony, 
diluted in warm water, till it turn 
to a white powder. 

}cor^. adv. {A.-S. al- 
geata.) Always; every 
way; by all means. 
Still used in the North. 

So entirely me meveth, that I must 
algate recorde the same, and therein be 
no flatterer. 

Jshmole's Theatr. Chem., p. 109. 
All merciles he will that it be doe, 
That we algate shall dye both two. 

Bockas, b. i, f. S9. 
Jlgate by sleighte or by violence 
Fro ver to yer I wynne my despence. 

Chaucer, C.T.,1Q\Z 

Also tliat the said Katherine shall take 
and have dower in our realm of £ngland, 
as queens of England hitherward 
(hitherto) were wont to take and have. 
That is to say, to the sum of forty thou- 
sand crowns by the year, of the which 





twain aJgafes shall be worth a noble, 
Ensliflh money. 

Letter of King Henry F, 1420. 

And therefore would I should be abates 

slain ; 
For whUe I live Ids right is in suspense. 

Fairf. T.,.iy, 60. 

Al6ate-hole,«. a Rmall recess in 
the wall within the chimney near 
the fire, in which is deposited the 
tinder-box, matches, brushes, &c. 
Sometimes it is the receptacle for 
salves, ointments, and other such 
articles. Norf. 

Alge, adv, {J,'S.) Altogether. 

Algerb, 8. {j4.'S.) a spear used 
in fishing. 

Algid, adj. {Lat,) Cold. 

Algife, cofij. Although ; literallv, 
all if. 

Algipic, adj\ (Lat) Making cold. 

AxGosE, adj. Very cold. 

Algr^de, 8. A kind of Spanish 

wine, mentioned in the earlier 


Both algrade, and respice eke. 

Squyr of Lowe DegrS, 756. 



, I ». (a con 
^ falgori8m.) 

contraction of 

The name of this craft is in Latyn 
alf/arsimus, and in En^lis algrim ; and it 
is namid off algos, that is to say, crnft, 
and riamus, tliat is, noiinbre; and for 
this skille it is called craft ot nounbringe. 
MS. quoted by Halliwell. 

Methouglit nothing my state could more 

Than to beare name, and in eflFect to be 
A cypher in algrim, as all men might see. 
Mirr.for Mag., p. 338. 

Than satte summe, as siphre doth in 
awgrym. Deposit. ofBie. II, p, 29. 

Al-hal-day, 1 8. All-hallows 

ALHALWE-MES8E, > day, the 1st 
ALHALWEN-TYD, J of November. 
Alhidade, 8. An astrological term. 
A rule on the back of the as- 
trolabe, to measure heights, 
breadths, and depths. 
Aliant, 9. An alien. Rider, 
Alio ANT, «. A Spanish wine, for- 

merly much esteemed; ; 

be made near Alicant,in Vi 

and of mulberries. 

You'll blood three pottles of ^7 
this light, if you follow tliem. 


Your brats, got out of AUcan 
B. and Fl., Chat 

i.e., "your children, the 
quence of drunkenness." 
Alie, v. (/f.-S.) To anoint. 
Alien, v. (A.-N.) To alien 
A-LiFE, adv. As my life; 

I love a ballad in print a-Uf 
ShaJcsp., Wint. 

Thou lov'st a-life 
Their perfum'd jiidgement. 


A clean instep. 
And that I love a-Vife. 

B.andFL, Mons.'. 

Alife, v. To allow. Skinne 
Aligant, *. Wine of Alican 
Aligge, v. (A.'S.) To lie d 
Alighte, v. (j4.~S.) (1) To 

to descend; to pitch. 

(2) To light ; to kindle. S: 
Alyne, v. {A.-N.) To anoir 

The children atte cherche dor 
So beth }[-primi8ined ; 

And that hi beethe eke atte fo 

Mid oylle and creyme ali/nei 

W. de Sh 

Alimentary, 8. {Lat.) ** j 
mentarie" says Minsheu, 
to whom a man giveth hi; 
and drinke by his last will. 

Alinlaz, *. An anlace. Th 
gular form occurs in the Ro 
ofHavelok, 2554. 

Aliry, adv. {j4.'S.) Across. 

Somnie leide hir leg^s aliry 
As swiclie losels konneth. 

Piers PI., 

Alisaundrb, a. {A.-N.) Th( 

With aliaaundre thare-to, ache at 

Lyric Poetry 

Alise, V. (A.'S. alysan.) To n 
AlisednesSt releasing, ranso 
demption. "Ac a/y« us from 




Qlfl Translqtum of the LorcPs 

Prayer t in Camd, Bem.t p. 24. 
Aliwats, s. Aloes. Lincohuk, 
Alka^engt, «. The plant persi- 

caria. Prompt. Pan. 
Alkanet, 8, The wild buglos. 


Alkanj, 8. Tin. Howell. 

Alkb. a broad form of ilk ; each. 

Alkekeng, 8. The winter-cherry. 

AlkenamtEi 8. Alchemy. 

Experimentz of alkenamye 
The peple to decey ve. 

Fiers PI., p. 186. 

AlkeBi 8. A sort of custard. 

For to make rys alker. Tak fisirs, and 
raysons, and do awey the kemelis, and 
a god party of applys, and do awey the 
paryng of the apphs and the kemelis, 
and bray hem wel in a morter; and 
temper hem up with almande my Ik, and 
meoge hem wyth flowr of rys, that yt 
be wel chariaunt, and strew therupon 
powder of galyngale, and ser\-e yt forth. 
Cuokery Receipts, 1381. 

Alke, 8. An elk. 

As for the plowing with nres, which I 
suppose to be unlikehe, because they 
are in mine opinion untameable, and 
eUkes, a thing commonlie used in the 
east countries. 

Harrison, Deser. of England, p. 226. 

^^g j fl^-. (^.-5.) All kinds. 



Ali^tmistbe, 8, An alchemist. 

All, adv. {A.-S.) (1) Although ; 


And those two froward sisters, their faire 

Came with them eke, all they were won- 
drous loth. 

Spenser's Faerie Queene, II, ii, 34. 

(2) Entirely. A common pro- 

And see, yon workhouse, on that village 

Where husbands, all without their wives, 

are seen. 

Foefry attributed to WaUey, 1842. 

(3) "For all" is a common ex- 
pression, meaning "in spite of," 
and is constantly used by country 

(4) "All that," until that. Kyng 
Alieaunder, 2145. 

(5) "For good and all," en- 
tirelv. North, 

(6) Each. Prompt. Parv. 

(7) All and some. One and all ; 
every one ; every thing ; entirely. 

Thou who wilt not love do this, 
Learn of me what woman is ; 
Something made of thread and thrumme, 
A mere botch of all and some. 

Herrick, p. 8. 

In armour eke the souldiers all and some. 
With all the force that mieht so soon be had. 
Mirrourfor Magistrates, p. 91. 

We are betrayd and y-nome ! 
Horse and harness, lords, all and some f 
Richard Coerde lAon, 2284. 

(8) This word is frequently, in 
popular language, joined with 
others to form an adverbial phrase, 
as in the following examples: 
all-a-bitst All in pieces (M>r^ A.); 
all-abouty "To get all about in 
one's head," to become light- 
headed {Her^ordsh.); "That's 
all about it," that is the whole 
of the matter ; ail-abroad, squeez- 
ed quite flat {Somerset); all-a- 
hohj all on one side ( Wilts.) ; 
ail-along, constantly, ^* ail-along 
of," or '^ail-along on," owing to ; 
aU-amang, mingled, as when two 
flocks of sheep are driven to- 
gether {Wilts.); all-aS'is, **all 

as is to me is this," all I have 
to say about it {Herefordsh.) ; 
all-a-taunf-p, fully rigged, with 
masts, yards, &c. (a sea term) ; 
all-b*ease, gently, quietly {He- 
refordsh.) ; all'i'bits, all in pieces 
(North.) ; aU-in-a-charm, talking 
aloud ( Wilts.) ; all-in-all, every- 
thing, all in all with, very inti- 
mate or familiar with ; all-in-a- 
muggle, all in a litter ( Wilts.) ; 
all-in-one, at the same time; 
all-of-a-hugh, all on one side 
{Suffolk) ; all-on-end, eager, im- 
patient {Somerset) ; all-out, en- 
tirely, quite, to drink all out. 




used of a carouse ; alUto-noughty 
completely ; alUto-smash, smash- 
ed to pieces ; all-yfere^ altogether. 

Allane, adj. Aloue. 

Allay, v, {A.'N.) (1) To mix, to 

put water to wine. 

The velvet breeches for him aunswered, 
And for strength of his drinke excused 
For he allayed them, both white and red. 
And oft with water made them small 
and tliinue. 
Debate between Pride and LotDlines,'g.^9. 

(2) To allay a pheasant, to cut or 
carve it up at table. Kersey. 

(3) 8, The set of hounds which 
were ahead after the beast was 
dislodged. A hunting term. 

Allayment, 8. That which has the 

power of allaying or abating the 

force of something else. 
All-bed ENE, a£?t;. Forthwith. See 

All-be-thouoh, adv. Albeit. SMn- 

Alle, (1) adu. All (omnino). 

(2) 8. Ale. 

Ther was plenty of alle 

To theym that were in halle. 

The Feest, st. v. 

Alleblaster, s, a not uncommon 
form of alabaster. 

In the chappell next to the priours 
Item ij. olde masse bookes. 
Itm ij. imagees of whyte alleeblaster. 
Itm one deske, one sakering bell. 

Monast., iv, 542. 

Allect, v. {Lat.) To allure; to 
bring together ; to collect. 

Allectation, 8. {Lat.) An allure- 

Allective, 8. An attraction ; al- 

Allectuary. An electuary. S^eWon. 

Allegate, V, (Lat.) To allege. 

Why, belike he is some runnagate, that will 

not show his name : 
Ah, why should I this alUgate? he is of 

noble fame. FeeU's Works, iii, p. 68. 

Allege, t;. {A.^N.) To quote ; to 

Allegeaunce, «. (1) Citation; the 
act of quoting. 
(2) Relief. 

Herof we habbeth tokene gode, 
Wanne we fangeth penaunce ; 

For senues that Me habbeth i-done. 
To pyne allegaunce. 

W. de Shoreham. 

Allegement, 8. (A.'N.) An ease; 


Quod sche, **Geve I schal the telle, 
Mercerye I have to selle; 
In boystes soote oynementis 
Tiierewith to don alhgementis 
To ffolkes whiche be not glade. 
The Fylgrim, MS Cotton. Tib. A., viiL 

Alleluya, 8. The plant wood- 
sorrel. It is found in the index 
to GerarcCs Herball, ed, 1633. 
" Alleluya, an herbe called wood- 
sorrell or cuckowes meat, which 
cuckowes delight in." Minsheu^s 
Guide into Tongues, 1627. 

Allemash-day, s. Allumage-day, 
the dav on which the Canterbury 
silk-weavers began to work by 
candle-light. Kent. Grose. 

Allen,«. Grassland recently broken 
up; unenclosed land that has been 
tilled and left to run to feed for 
sheep. Suffolk. 

Aller, (1) ». (A.'S.) An alder- 
tree. A common form of the 
word in the Western counties. 

The alder tree, which is alsoe called an 
aller-tree, is named in Greek elethra, in 
Latin uluus, and in Duche ein Erlen- 
baum Turner's Herbal, 1551. 

(2) gen. pi. of al. Prefixed to 
adjective. See Alder. 
Adam was oure alter fader. 

Piers PI., p. S42. 

Allerbury, 8. A plantation of 
alders. Devon. 

Aller-float, *. A species of large 
trout, frequenting the deep holes 
of retired and shady brooks, 
under the roots of the a^/er, or 
alder-tree ; also called the aller' 
trout. North. 

Allernbatch, a. A kind of botch 
or old sore. Exmoor, 




Allebs, s. An acute kind of boil or 

carbuncle. Devon, 
Allbs, the gen. s. of all used ad- . 

Terbially. Altogether ; all. 

Tho Corineus was alles wroth, so grete 
strokes he gaf. iZo6. GUmc. 

Allssad, part, p. Lost. 
Allb-soltne-dat. All Souls' Day. 

See MS. Harl., 2391, quoted in 

Harapson's Kalendarium, ii, 11. 
Alleve, adj. Eleven. Alleventhet 

The eleventh. 
Alley, ». (1) The conclusion of a 

game at football, when the ball 

has passed the bounds. Yorkth. 

(2) A marble, for boys* play. 
Allbte, v. To allege. 
All-flower-water, 8, The urine 

of cows. Lane. 
All-fours, s. A game at cards. A 

traditional epitaph describes an 

enthusiast : 

Here lies the body of All Fours, 

Who spent his money and pawned 

his clothes : 
And if you wish to know his name. 
It is high, low. Jack, and game. 

All- GOOD, a. The herb good Henry. 

AllhallowN'Summer, 8, A late 

All-heal, 8, The herb panax. 

All-hid, 8. A name, according to 
Nares, for the game of hide-and- 
seek; but Cotgrave seems to 
make it synonymous with Hood- 

All-holland's-day,«. The Hamp- 
shire name for All Saints* (or 
All Hallows) Day, when plum- 
cakes are made and called Al 
Holland cakes. 

Allhoovb, 8. Ground ivy. Minsheu. 

Allhose, 8, The herb horsehoof. 

Alliciate, v. {Lat.) To attract. 

Allicienct, 8. Attraction. 

Allient, 8. An alley ; a passage in 
a building. 

Alligant. a corruption of Jlicant, 
the name of a Spanish wine. 

Alligarta, «. (from Spanish la- 
garto.) The alligator, or croco- 
dile. The urine of this creature 
was supposed to render any 
herb poisonous on which it was 

And who can tell, if before the gathering 
and making np thereof, the alligarta 
hath not piss'd thereon ? 

B. Jons., Bart. F., ii, 6. 

Alline, 8. An ally. Middleton. 
Allinge, 1 arft>. {A.'S. eallinga.) 
allinges, J Altogether ; totally. 

For hire faired and hire chere, 
Ich hire boajte allinge so dere. 

Flor. and Blanch., 674. 

In that lond growen trees that beren 
niele, wherof men maken gode bred and 
white, and of gode savour; and it 
semethe as it were of whete, but it is 
not allinges of suche savour. 

Maundevile, p. 189. 

All-in-the-well. a game prac- 
tised at Newcastle. Boys make 
a circle about eight inches in 
diameter, termed the well, and 
place in the centre of it a 
wooden peg, four inches long, 
with a button balanced on the 
top. Buttons, marbles, or any- 
thing else, according to agree- 
ment, are given for the privilege 
of throwing a short stick at the 
peg. If the button fly out of 
the ring, the player is entitled 
to double the stipulated value of 
what he gives for the stick. The 
game is also practised at races, 
and other places of amusement, 
with three pegs, which are put 
into three circular holes, made in 
the ground, about two feet apart, 
and forming a triangle. In this 
case each hole contains a peg, 
about nine inches long, upon 
which are deposited either a small 
knife or some copper. 

Allison, 8. The wood-rose. See 

All-ma nner-a-wot, 8, Indiscri- 
minate abuse. Suffolk. 




All-of-a-row, 9. A child's game. 

Allolida, 8. The plant cuckoo- 

Allonge. All of ns. Somerset, 

Allonblt, adv. Exclusively. See 

Alloquy, 8. {Lai.) The act of 
addressing a prrson. 

Allottery, 8. An allotment. 

▲How me such exercises as may become 
a gentleman, or give me the poor allot- 
tery my father letl me bv testament. 

As JTou Like It, \, 1. 

Allous. All of us. Somerset. 
All-overish, adj. Neither sick 

nor well. Var. dial. 
Allowance, s. Approbation. 

A stirring dwarf we do aUowance gire 
Befbre a sleeping giant. 

TroilM and Cresnda, ii, 3. 

Allowed. Licensed. An " allowed 
fool." Shakesp., Twelfth Night, 
i, 5. " An allowed cart or cha- 
riot." Hollyband^s Diet., 1593. 

ALL-FLAtST£R,s. Alablaster. Ywks. 

Alls,«. Earnest money. iVbr/A. See 

All-sales, adv, {A.-S, from see/, 
a time.) At all times. Suffolk, 

All-seed, s. The orach. Skinner. 

All-seer, s. One who sees every- 

All-sides. Every one. South* 

All-the>bird3- ^ Two names of 
in-the-air, I games pecu- 

All-the-pishbs- I liar to Suf- 

IN-THE-SEA, J folk. 

All-thb- World-over, adv. On 
every occasion. This common 
familiar phrase is ancient, being 
found in Brome's Queen mnd 
Concubine, 1659, p. 96. 

Allubbscency, 8. (Lat.) Willing- 
ness ; facility in yielding. 

Allusively, adv. {Lat.) With al- 
lusion to something. 
I thought him also in the late times a 
little too nice, and tender of his credit ; 

and somewhat too profuse of his logfcK 
and rhetorick; who being to preach 
upon that of the Acts ; Silver and gold 
have I none, but such as I have give I 
thee : Wlienever he had named his text, 
desired the people, in all hast, to take 
the words not litterally, but allusiveli/, 
for that he Had good store of money 
chinking in his pockets ; besides what 
he left at home in his coffers. 

EaekariTt Observations, 1671, p. 63. 

Alluterly, adv. Altogether ; 

Alluvion, s, (Lat.) A washing 

All-waters. " I am for all wa- 
ters" i. e.y I can turn my hand 
to anything. Shakesp, 

Ally, *. The aisle of a church. 
Var. dial. 

Almain, *] 

alemain, ?•*• (1) A German. 
allemaigne, J 
(2) A kind of solemn music. It 
was also the name of several 
dances, the new allemaigne, the 
old, the queen's allemaigne, all of 
which are mentioned in early 
books of dance tunes. 

Almain-leap, s. In dancing, a 
kind of jig. 

Skip M'ith a rhyme on the table from New- 

And take his almain-leap into a custard. 
Jonson, Devil is an Ass, i, 1. 

Almain-quarrel, 8. A causeless, 

unnecessary quarreL 

D. John. I met before Don Ferdinand's 
house a serving man wiio thrusts me, by 
design, upon an ahnain-qvarrel. 
Tod. That's very true, but somewhat 
unwiUingly, hke a coward as lie is. 

Lavenani, The Man's the Master. 

Almain-rivets, 8. Moveable ri- 
vets. The term was applied to 
a light kind of armour, used 
originally in Germany. 

Almainy, 1 
alman Y, S> 8, Germany. 


I'll cry flounders else. 

And walk, with my petticoat tuck'd up, liko 
A lonj( nuud ot Almmuy. 0. F,, viii« 4S8. 




Vow TuSko ranet, that to his brother nre 
His land in Italv, which was not smalC 
And dwelt in AlmaHv. 

HarringUnrs Ariosto, 1591, p. 19. 

Upon the londe of Alemayne. Gower. 

Alman, s. a kind of hawk. 

Almandinb, adj. Made of almond. 

Almandre, 8. An almond-tree. 

And of almandris \pt\t plenty, 
Figgis, and many a date tre. 

Rom. of the Rose, 1363. 

Almarib, 8. {A.-N.) A cupboard ; 

a pantry. See Ambrie. 

Ther ararice hath almaries. 
And yren bounden cofres. 

Fiert PI., p. 288. 

AxMARioL, 8, (A.-N.) A closet, or 
cupboard, in which the ecclesias- 
tical habits were kept. 

AxMATOua, 8, An almoner. 

After him spak Dalmadas, 
A riche almafour he was. 

Kytiff Aliaaunder, 8042. 

Alme, 8. An elm. Northampt. 

Almen, made of elm. 
AiiMEES, «. j0/. Alms. East Sussex. 
Almks-dish, 8. The dish in the 

old baronial hall, in which was 

put the bread set aside for the 

Almesful, adj. Charitable. 
Almes-row, «. A row of houses 

inhabited by paupers. 

Also wheune eny pore man or womroan 
is ded in the almi/3-rewe, the seyd prysts 
to be redy to brynge the coors to 
churche, and there to aliyde til liit be 
buryed. Stratford MSS., tan. U. VI. 

Almessr, 8. {A.'N.) Alms. 
AxMEST, adv. Almost. 

And as he prikcd North and Eat, 
I tel it yow hym had almest 
Bityd a sorv care. 

Chaucer, Tale of Sire Thopas. 

Almicantarath, 8. An astrologi- 

cal term, applied to a circle drawn 

parallel to the horizon. 

Meatiwliile, with sciofcrical instmment, 
By way of azimuth and almicantarath. 

Albunwzar i, 7. 

Almodza, 8, An alchemical term for 

Almond-for-a-parrot. Some tri- 
fle to amuse a silly person. A 
proverbial expression, which oc- 
curs in Skelton and the writers 
of the Elizabethan age. 

Almond-butter, s. The following 
is given as a receipt "to make 
almond-butter ;'* 

BlaDcli your almonds, and beat them as 
fine as you ran with fair water two or 
three liours, then strain them through a 
linnen cloth, boil them « ith rosc-M'uter, 
whole mace, and aiiuise seeds, till the 
substance be thick, spread it upon a fair 
cloth, draining the whey from it, after 
let it hang in the same cloth some few 
hours, then strain it and season it with 
rose-water and sugar. 

True Gentlewoman's Delight, 1676. 

Almond-custard, 8. Was made 

as follows : 

Take two pound of almonds, blaucli and 
beat them very fine with rosewater, 
then strain them with some two quarts 
of cream, twenty whites of eggs, und a 
pound of double refilled sugar ; make 
the paste as aforesaid, and bake it in a 
mild oven fine and white, garnish it as 
before, and scrape fine sugar over all. 
The Queen's Royal Cookery, 1713. 

Almond-furnace, 9. At the silver 
mills in Cardiganshire, they have, 
or had, a particular furnace in 
which they melt the slags, or 
refuseof the lithurge not stamped, 
with charcoal only, which they 
call the almond furnace. Kewnett. 

Almond-milk, s. Almonds ground 

and mixed with milk, broth, or 


The devil take me, I love you so, that 1 
could be content to abjure wine for 
ever, and drink nothing but almond- 
milk for your sake. 

Shadwell, Epsom-Wells, 1673. 

Almonesrye, ». The almonry. 
Almose, 8. pi. Alms. 
Almoyn, 8. pi. (A.'N.) Alms. 
Alms-drink, «. Liquor of another's 

share which his companion drinks 

to ease him. Shakesp. 
Almsman, 8. A person who lives 

on alms ; also, a charitable per- 





Almury, 8. The upright part of 

an astrolahe. 

Almusles, adj. Without alms. 

For thef is reve, the lond is penyles ; 
Yox pride hath sieve, the lond is almusles. 

Pol. Songs, p. 255. 

Almute, 8, A governing planet. 
An astrological term. 

Emaneuly, ere his popular applause 
could hutch his ruine, upon conference 
with a witch that hee saw (by the almu- 
ten of his nativity) short life attended 
him, grovves fearful! of his syies incon* 
stancy. Herbert's Travels, 1638. 

Without a sign masculine ? Dem. Sir, you 

mistake me : 
You are not yet initiate. Tlie almutes 
Of the ascendent is not elevated 
Above the almutes of the filial house : 
Venus is free, and Jove not yet combust. 
Randolph's Jealous Lovers, 1646. 

Almifluent, 8. (Lat.) Beneficent ; 
abounding in aims. 

Almyght, adj, A not uncommon 
form of almighty. 

Alnath, 8. The first star in the 
horns of Aries, from which the 
first mansion of the moon is 
named. Chaucer. 

Alnegeor, 8. One of the king's 
officers, says Cowell, who under- 
took the care of the assize of 
woolen cloth. Rider, in his 
Dictionaries 1640, explains it by 
the Latin word " ulniger." 

Alner, 8. (A.-N.) A purse, or bag 

to hold money. 

I wyll the yeve an alner, 
1-mad of sy'lk and of gold cler, 
Wyth fayre ymages tiire. 

Launfal, 1. 319. 

Alneway, adv. (A.-S.) Always. 

And therby heth he alneway the herte 
ine peyse, and the body governeth by 
the wylle of God. 
Aytnbite oflnwit, MS. Arundel, 57, f. 25. 

Alnil, adv. And only. (.') 

Sertis, sire, not ic no^t; 
Ic ete sage alnd gi-as. 
More harm ne did ic no^t. 

Fol. Songs, p. 201. 

Aloes, 8. An olio, or savoury dish, 
composed of meat, herbs, eggs, 
and other ingredients, something 

similar to the modem dish of 

olives. See the Good House- 

wife*8 Jewely 1596. 
Alofe, v. (A.-N.) To praise. Morte 

Arthure. See Alowe. 
A-LOFTE, adv. (A.-S.) On high. 

Leve thow nevere that yon light 

liem alofte bryiige, 

Ht have hem out of helle. 

Piers PL, p. 378. 

Aloge, v. (A.'S.) To lodge; to 

pitch a tent. 

I am aloggit, thought he, best, howsoevir 
it goon. Chaucer, ed. Urn/, p. 597. 

Alogh, adv. (A.-S.) Below. 

Lewed men many tymes 
Maistres thei apposen, 
Why Adam ne luled noght first 
His mouth that eet the appul. 
Rather than his likame alogh. 

Piers PL, p. 242. 

Alogy, 8, {Gr. dXoyia.) An ab- 
Alomba, 8. Tin. Howell. 
Alond, adv. On land. 

Ah, the mansing is so ibroded, 
Tliah no preost alvnde uere, 
A wrecche neotiieles thu were. 

Owl and Nightingale, 1. 1301. 

And taketh his leave, and homeward saileth 

And in au ile, amidde the wilde see 

lie made his shippe alottd for to sette. 

Chaucer, Leg. Good Women, 1. 2164. 

Alone, adj, {A.-S.) One ; single. 

Now, Jeshu, for thy holy name, 
Asc 1 ame but man alone, 
Thau be mv helpe to nyght. 

torrent of Portugal, p. 23. 

>adv. (A.-S.) Only. 




He made his monc 
Within a garden al him one. 

Gower, f. 26. 
But he hatlie lost alle but Grece ; and 
that loud he holt alle-only. 

Maundevile, p. 8. 

Vigenius, or Nigenius, was not king, 
but alonely Peredurus. 

Fabian's Chron., f. 31. 




jflfmly lening to the strong; pilor of holy 
scripture, agayne the hole college of the 

Leland's New Fear's Qyfte. 

For the wyll allonely is deedlv synne. 
Institution of a Christen Atan, p. 111. 

Whereof (omitting many things), my 
muse, alonely say. 

Warner's Albion's England, 1593. 

Aloof, adv- Nearer the wind. A 
sea term. See Hunter's Disqui- 
silion on the Tempest^ p. 46. 

Along, (I) adv. Slanting. Ox- 

(2) prep. Owing to. Var. dial. 
It is found in Chaucer. 

Alonoe, v. (A.'S.) To long for. 
Piers Ploughman^ p. 526. 

This worthy Jason sore alongeth 
To te the straunge regionis. 

Gotoer, MS. Sac. Antiq., f. 147. 

Alonost, prep. Along; length- 
wise. Somerset, It is found in 
the Elizabethan writers. 

Aloorke, adv, (A form said to be 

derived from the Islandic.) Avrry; 

out of order. 

nis heed in shappe as by natures worke, 
Not one haire amissc, or lyeth aloorke. 
MS. Lansd., 208, f. 4. 

Aloryno, s. {A.'N.) a parapet 

wall. A form of alure. 
Alose, v. (1) (A.-N.aloser.) To 

praise; to commend. 

These ii. bisshoppes tofore that tyme 
were the most alosed bisshoppes among 
alle othere. Eob. Glouc., p. 450, note. 

(2) (A.'S,) To loose; to make 
Alost, part, p. Lost. A Somer- 
setshire word. 

When all England is aloste. MS. James. 

Alothbn, v. (A.-S.) To become 

Nes non so hot that hit na coleth, 
Ne non so hwit that hit ne soleth, 
Ne no^t so leof that hit ne alotketh, 
Nie nojt so elad that hit ne awrotheth. 
(hoi and Nightingale, 1. 1265. 

Alouoh, adv. Below. See Jlogh, 
Alovr, s. See Alure, 

Aloute, 1 V. (A.-S. alutan.) To 

ALOWTE, V bow; to pay obeisance. 

ALUTB, J Piers Pl.^ p. 495. 

IIo that pnsseth the bregge, 
Hys amies he mot le^jfe. 
And to tlie geaunt alotote. 

Lybeatis Oisconus 1. 1254. 

That child th»t was so wilde and wlong. 
To me alute lowe. 

Retiq. Antiq., i, 101. 

Alowe, (1) adv. (A.'S.) Low down. 

(2) V. To humble. 
Alowe, 1 v. {A.-N. aUouet.) To 
ALLOWE, / praise ; to approve. 

Cursyd be he that thy werk alowe! 

Richard Coer de Lion, 4662. 

For he hathe no knowen congregacion 
to reprove him or allotoe him. 

Sir T. More's Works, p. 624. 

Aloyne, V, (A.-N. aloigner.) To 

Aloyse. (1) Alas! 

(2) A kind of precious stone. 

Book of St. AlbanSf sig. f, i. 
Alpe, «. (1) (A.-S.) A bull. finch. 
Ficedula, an alpe. MS. Bodl, 604, f. 31. 

There was many a birde singing, 
TUoroughout the yerde all thringing : 
In many placis nightingales, 
kudalpes, and fiuches, and wodewales. 
Rom. of the Rose, 658. 

(2) (.^^.-5'. elp.) An elephant. 
Alpes-bon, s. {A.-S, elpen-ban.) 

Alphabet, s. The index or list of 

contents to a book was formerly 

so called. 
Alpi, adj. (A.-S.) Single. 

A, quod the vox, ich wille the telle. 
On alpi word ich lie nelle. 

Reliq. Antiq., ii, 275. 

Alpicke, s, a kind of earth. 

Cotgrave^ v, Chercee. 
Alpurth, s. a halfpenny-worth. 

Monast. Angl.^ i, 198. 
Alre, gen. pi. (A.-S.) Of all. 

Bidde we ure lavedi, 

Swetest aire thinge, 
That heo ure erende beore 

To then heoven kinge. 
MS. Colt., Calig., A. ix, f. 244 v<». 

Als, (1) conj. (A.-S.) Also; as; 
likewise ; in like manner. 




(2) AVs^ a contracted form of 
all this. Dorset, 
Alsatia. a jocular name for the 
Whitefriars, in London, which 
was formerly an asylum for in- 
solvent debtors, and all such as 
had offended against the laws. 

Alse, (1) «. The name Alice. 
(2) adv. {A.'S.) Also. 

The fowrthe poynt techyth us ahe^ 
That no mon to liys craft be false. 

Const, of Masonry, p. 23. 

Alsene, s. (A.'S.) An awl. Elsin 
is still used in the North of Eng- 
land in the same sense. 

Also, (1) conj. (A.-S. alswa.) As. 
(2) All save; all but. Midland 

Alsone, conj. As soon; imme- 

AUone as that childe y-bome is. 
It hath wytt or har i-wys. 
And may spekcn to his dame. 

K. Alisaunder, 1. 5024 

Alstite, adv. (A.-S.) Quickly. 

Unto the porter speke he thoe, 
Sayd, To thi lord myn erude thou go, 
Hasteli and aUtite. 

Jtobson's Ronumces, p. 50. 

Alsuithe, conj. (A.^S.) As soon 

as ; as quickly as. 
AiiSWA, conj. (A.'S.) Also. 
Altamel, s, a verbal or lump 

account, without particulars, 

such as is commonly produced at 

^punginghouses. A slang word. 
Altemetrye, s. The measuring 

of altitudes. 
Alterage, s. A fine or tax to the 

altar; one of the amends for 

offences short of murder. 
Alterate, v. (Lat.) To i^lter; to 

change; part. p. altered. 
Alte Rc AND, /7ar^. a. {A.-N.) Con- 

Altern, adv. Alternately. Milton, 
Altham, s. a slang term. In the 

Fratsrniiyeof VacabondeSf 1575, 

the wife of a ** curtail *' is said to 

be called his altham. 
Alther, gen. pi. of al. Prefixed 

to adjectives. See Alder. 
Altricate, v. {Lot.) To contend. 
Aludels, 8. {A.-N.) Subliming- 

pots without bottoms, which 

fitted into each other, without 

luting. An alchemical term. 
Alupfe, adv. (A.-S.) Aloof; more 

nearlv to the wind. 


Alure, \s. (A.-N.) A gutter or 
ALOUR, J channel behind the bat- 
tlements, which served to carry 
off the rain-water; sometimes, 
an alley, or passage from one 
part of a building to another; 
the parapet-wail itself. 

Up the alurs of the castles the laydcs 

thanne stode, 
And byhuld thys nohle eame, and whyrhe 

knyjieswere gode. Kob. Glouc.,^. 192. 

Alisnunder rometh in his toun, 
For to wissen his masons. 
The towris to take, and the torellis, 
VawtfCS, alouris, and the corneris 

Ki/ng Alisaunder, 1. 7210. 

Alutation, s. {Lat.) Tanning of 

Alute, v. To bow. See Aloute. 

Al\isch, adj. (A.-S.) Elfish; hav- 
ing supernatural power. 

Alway, adv. (A.-S.) Always. 

Tliereby a cliristall streame did gently play, 

Which irom a sacred fountaine welled forth 

alway. Spenser's Faerie Queene, I, i, 34. 

Always, adv. However ; neverthe- 
less. North. 

Alweldand, \adj. {A.-S. «/- 
ALWELDiNG, J «;a/(£fa.) All-ruling; 

I prai to grete God alweldand. 
That thai have noght the lie^her hand. 
Twaine and Gawin, 1. 2199. 

Alwes, s. pi. Hallows ; saints. 
Aly, v. (A.-N.) Go. 

Alyl he saide, aly blyvel 

Kyng Alisaunder, I. 4370. 

Alyche, adj. Alike. 

Alye, (I) V. (A.-N) To mix. See 


(2) 8, Kindred; allies. 




If I myght of rayn aZy« ony ther fynde. 
It wold be grett joye onto me. 

Coventry Mysteries^ p. 145. 

Altbs. (J,'S.) Always. 

A-LYOHTSLY, odv. Lightly. 

Alykenes, s. Similarity. 

A-LYKB-WYSB,a<fv. In like manner. 

Alyn, 8. A kind of oil. Skinner. 

Aly, 1 «. A tent made of canvas. 
ALKY, J See Hale. 

Alysson, *. i^A.'N.) The herb mad- 
wort. Said by Iluloet to be a cure 
for the bite of a mad dog. 

Alyz, adj, A term applied to some 
kind of cloth. A " gown of green 
alyz cloth of gold, with wide 
sleeves," occurs in a will of the 
date of 1439. Test, Vetuat., p. 240. 

Am, pron. Them. 

iThiin sal lie speke to tham in his wreth. 
And to-dreve am sal he in his breth. 

Ps. ii, 5, MS. Cott.y Vesp.y D. vii. 

Amable, a^. {A.-N.) Lovely. 

Amackily, adv. Partly; in some 

degree. NortTi. 

A-MAD, adj. Mad. 

Heo wendeth bokes un-brad. 
Ant maketh men a moncth amad. 

Pol. Songs, p. 156. 

Amadetto, 1 9. A kind of pear. 
AMADOT, J Skinner, 

Amai l, 9, Mail ; armour. 

AMAiiffON,^. In astrology, the name 
of a kii>g of the East, one of the 
principal devils whose inflaence 
was to be guarded against from 
the third hour till noon, and from 
the ninth hour till evening. 
"The chief whose dominion is 
on the north part of the infernal 
gulf." Hohne, 

Amain, adv, (1) With might; 

mightily ; plentifally. 

^e said, and from his eyes the trickling 
teares ran downs amain. 

Phaer^s Vtrgil, p. 300. 

(2) Immediately; forthwith; for- 
wards. Shakesp,i 3 Henry IVjis^ 9. 

(3) Ail at once. A sea term. 
Amaister, v. (A,'N.) To teach. 


Amaistren, V, {A.-N.) To over- 
come ; to be master of. 

Ac tlie Holi Gost is the gnode leche tliet 
amaystreth his ziknesse and chnii^i'tli 
bis humours. Jymbite of Intoit. 

And how I myghte amaistren hem. 
And make hem to werclic. 

Piers PI, p. 129. 

Amalgamino, 8, Mixing quick- 
silver with any metal. An alche- 
mical term. 

Amall, s. Enamel. See Amell. 

Amand. (1) ». {Lat.) To send away; 
to remove. 

Wherefore we do amand Duke Humphrey's 

For their provision truly is o' th' least: 
A dog dotii fare much better with }iis bones 
Than those whose table, meat, and drink 

are stones. 

Gay ton. Art of Longevity, 1659. 

(2) s. {Fr.) A fine; penalty. 
Amandation, s. (Lat.) A message. 
Amano, prep, (A.'S.) Among. 


The lye5ere is among the men ase the 
valse pcny amang the guode, asc the 
chef amang the com. Ayenbite oflntnit. 

Amang-hands, adv. (1 ) Work done 
conjointly with other business. 

(2) Lands belonging to different 
proprietors intermixed. Yorksh. 
Amanse, 1 v.{A.'S.aman8umianf 
AMAUNSE, > to excommunicate.) 
AM0N8I, J To interdict ; excom- 
municate ; or accurse. 
Hii amansede tlio 
Alle thnike that clerkes snche despyte dude 

and wo, 
Tliat no man, bote the pope one, hem 
asoyiey ne mygte. 

• Rob. of Olouc., p. 4d4. 

With a penyles purs for to pleye, 
Lat scho can the pepnl amavns. 

Reliq. Antiq.^ i, 74. 

A-many, adj. Many people. 

A-many tliat I knewe 
Knighted in my remembrance, I beheld 
And all their names were in that Register. 
PeeWa Honour of the Garter, 1593. 

Amar, V. To mar; trouble. 
A-MARSTLED, part, p. Amazed ? 

Hnpe forth, Hubert, hosede pye, 
Ichot thart tHma/rstled into the mawe. 




Amartre, v. To sacrifice ; make a 

martvr of. 
Amasrdnrkse. 8. Amazement. 
AMA8EFULL,arf/. Frightened. Pals' 

A-MASKED, adj. To go a-masked, 

to wander or be bewildered. 

Amatk, ■ V. {A.'N.) To daunt \ to 


Upon tlie wnllB, the pagans, old nnd young. 
Stood liush'd nnd still, amaled nnd amnzM. 
Fairfax's Tasso, p. 248. 
Here the townsmen nre amated, 
That their spire should be translated 
Unio Pauls ; and great's their labour, 
How to purcliase so much paper 
To enwrap it, as is fitting, 
To secure their spire from splitting. 
Drunken Barndby. 

Amatorculist, s, (from the Lat.) 
A wretched lover or galant. 

Amatystb, 8. Amethyst. Minsheu 
gives this form of the word, and it 
occasionally occurs in other writ- 
ers. Rider has the form amates, 

Amawst, adv. Almost. West, 

Amaye, v. {A.'N. esmayer.) To 


Pors weneth that y am amated^ 
For his gwinris me ban bytraied. 

K. Alisaunder, 1, 7243. 

Ambagb, 8. {Lat. ambages), pi, am- 
bogies. Circumlocution. It is used 
as a verb, apparently meaning to 
travel round, in the Morte d' Ar- 
thur, i, 135. 

Epigramma, in wliich every mery con- 
ceited man might, without any long 
stndie or tedious amba^et maKe his 
frend sport, and anger his foe, and give 
a prettie nip, or shew a sharpe ^nceit 
in a few verses. 

Puttenkamy Art ofPoene^ 1. i, ch. 37. 

We have now heard much of tlie abuses 
reigning in Aligns; but now setting 
aparte the ambagies, and superfluous 
vagaries, I pray you describe, sc. 

Siubbes's Anaiomy of Abvtea, p. 43. 

Ambagious, adj. Tedious ; wan- 
dering from the purpose. 

AMBA8SADE, 1 ,. (^..^y^.J Au Cm- 
AMBA8SAGE, V ^^ ^ 


Ambassador, #. A game formerly 
played by sailors to duck a lands- 
man. "A large tub is filled with 
water, and two stools placed on 
each side of it; over the whole is 
thrown a tarpaulin, or old sail ; 
this is kept tight by two persons, 
who are to represent the king 
and queen of a foreign country, 
and are seated on the stools. 
The person intended to be ducked 
plays the ambassador, and after 
repeating a ridiculous speech dic- 
tated to him, is led in great form 
up to the throne, and seated 
between the king and queen, who 
rising suddenly as soon as he is 
seated, he falls backward into the 
tub of water," Grose, 

Ambassatrie, 8, {A.'N.) An em- 

Amber, v. To scent with amber- 
gris. See Ambergrise. 

Amber-cawdle, 8, A preparation 
of ambergrease, of an aphrodisiac 
character. See Ambergrise. 

You may talk of your amber-cawdlea, 
chocolate, and jelly-broths, but they are 
nothing comparable to youth and 
beauty; a young woman is the only 
provocative tor old age, I say. 

Eaventcroft, London Cuckolds. 

Amber-days, 8, The ember days. 

Ambergrise, 1 «. {Fr, amber 
ambbrorbasb, j ^rM,literallygrey 
amber, from its colour and per- 
fume.) This substance was for- 
merly much used in wines, sauces, 
and perfumes. It was consi- 
dered also as an aphrodisiac. It 
was sometimes called merely 

*Ti8 well, be sure 
The wines be lusty, high, and full of spirit 
And a«*fr'rf all. ^ ^ 

B. andn., Cust. of Country, iii, 2. 

I had clean forgot; we must have amber- 

The greyest can be found. 0. PL, vii, 167. 

Milton has inverted the word : 
— Meats of noblest sort, Stc., 
Oris-amber Btetau'd. Par.Seg.,n,Zil, 




Ambes-as, 1 9. (A.-N.) The low- 
AMEs-ACB, J est throw on the 
dice ; two aces ; figuratively, had 

Jnlins the emperour with strong power 

Two %tv afttir the bataile, to Engeloud 

aTeyn drow. 
And thoa5te sle al that folk, and \ryDne 

this kyudom, 
Ac he cast Xhtrot ambes-as tho he to londe 

com. Roh. Glouc, p. 51. 

I had rather be in tliis choice, tlian 
throw ames-ace for my hfc. 

Shakesp., AWs Well, ii, 6. 

Ambidexter, s, (Laf.) A kind of 
Vicar of Bray. " That juror that 
taketh of both parties for the 
giving of his verdict." Cowell. 

Ambigu, s. (Fr.) An entertainment 
in which all dishes are mixed to- 
gether, instead of regular courses. 

Ambilooy, 8. {Lat.) An equivocal 

Ambition ATE, ddj. Ambitious. This 
word is given by Minsheu, in his 
Guide into TongueSf 1627. 

Ambitude, 8, {Lai.) The circum- 

Amblere, 8. {A.-N. ambleure.) An 

Ambolifb, adj. Oblique. 

And take gode kepe of this chapiter of 
arisinge of celcstinll bodyes, for tlier 
trusteth wel that neither mone neither 
Bterre in our ambolife orizont. 

Chaucer, ed. Urry, p. 445. 

Ambrose, «. {Lai.) Wild sage. 

^Tmry"' 1 »-(^-^-)(l)Acnp. 

* ! board, a pantry ; any 

* ( place in which vic- 

AUMBRY, ^ ,^ j^ 


Some slovens from sleeping no sooner 
be np, 

But hand is in aumbrU, and nose in the cup. 

Tussgr. 1573. 
By that time he came thither, lie liad 
but three of his herrings left ; for, by the 
way, lie fell into the tfaierisfa hands of 
malcontents and of lance-knights, by 
wliom be was not only robbed of all his 
money, but was fain to redeem Ids life 
beside witii the better part of his aaiAty 
of burnished fishes. 

Natke's LcHiM St^ffe, 

(2) The almonry was sometimes 

so called, the alms being kept in 

an ambry. 

The plttce wherein this chnpel and 
iilius-liuiise Btitndeth was culled tlie 
£Iemosinary,or Hinionry, now corrupUy 
the ambry, for that the alms of the 
Ahbey were there distributed to the 
poor; and therein Islip, ahbot uf Wi-si- 
niinster, erected the first press of huok- 
printiii^ tliat ever whs in Eugluud, 
about the year of Cltrist 1471. 

Stowe's Survey of London. 

Ambuler, 8. {A.-N.) An ambling 

horse ; an ambler. 
Ambury 8. {A.-S. ampre,Si swollen 

vein.) A disease in horses' legs. 

Skinner. See Anberri/. 
Ambuscado, 8. {Span.) An ambus- 
Ambusion, 8. An abuse. 
Ambust, adj. {Lai.) Hurtit.t 
Ambynowre, 8. An almoner. MS. 

of ibihceni. 
Ame, 1(1) V. {A.'N. aemer^ ae8- 
AiME, J mer, which represented 

the Lai. CB8iimo.) To guess; to 

think ; to tell. 

Of men of armes bold the numbre tlici ame, 

A thousand and tuo hundred told of Crisren 

men bi name. Peter Lanytoft, p. 2?8. 

No mon upon mold mi^t ayme the nouraber, 
Al that real aray reken sciiold men never. 
Will and the Werwolf, p. 68. 
Yes, wyth good handelyng, as I ayme. 
Even by and by, ye shall her reclaynie. 

Commune Secretary and Jalotcsye. 

(2) 8. {A.-S. a]>m, breath, va- 
pour.) The spirit; breath. 

Elin that giem it sochte, 
And til ur note nu havis it brohte, 
Sco delte it wishc als sco wilde. 
That alle this werde it is fultilde 
Of the am€, and of the smelle ; 
Forthi es gode thar of to telle. 

Edinburgh MS. quoted by Boucher. 

Amee, 8. {A.-N.) The herb ameo8. 

Ameked, part. p. Pacified; lite- 

rally, made meek. 
Amel, 8. {A.-N.) Enamel. 
Heav'ns richest diamonds, set in amel 
white. FUtch., Purple Isl., x, 33. 

The ammell is so faire and fresh of hew. 
As to this day it seemeth to be new. 

An ouldfacioncd luvc, bg J. T., 1591. 

AMS 4 

lie •null ■ full tCBlRi^ ftiT ke li a 

kUid tliiB vns tlie gold, ba utioH arc 
lib ummH, hb fillw (tor elic ;rt>u nmiiot 
vnrlE Mm ftrtcaSj), dwliniul dntiti, 
liiavT and vtiry mtrehea, lodfiuga 

JSi ""' 


.. M-S.) A kind of 
corn, "01 > middle aiie bclwiit 
wheirt and barlie, unlike alto- 
gether unto win lernheatvhereof 
we last spake, but of a sort and 
bAiItie like unto spelt." Mart, 
ham'i Omntrey Farme, 1616. 
Gerard calls it Ibe ttarch-corn, a 
species of spelt. 

AifELL,;)np. Between; BS "oBwa 
one and two o'clock." Bouclier 
gives the phrftse laiietl-duirt. 
Which rignifles tiie passage be- 
tween two doors in a Cumber- 
land farm-houBe, built according 
tn the old Blyle. 

AicELTD, part. p. Enamelled. 

Amknaoe. d. {A..N.) To man^i 
to direct by force. Sptnitr. 

Amenamce,*. (^.-iV.) Behaviour; 

Suue an^T dul the bretkren three idmicfl, 
In bnve Any tnd vooilly iivttmmse. 

^mKT.y, C.,IV,ui.6. 

TUteitr'i Pvr- ''-• >> 

AuENDABLE, a^. (perhaps for on 
naili.) Pleasant. 

AuENDEtr, ode. A surt of db' 
equivalent to aplagae. or a nii 
gross word now disused. "Whi 
ommfm ar ycow a goan?" 

Ahbkduent, t. Dung or compoft 

laid on land. Ktnt. 
Amends, t. (A.-N.) An addition 

AuENHE. t. Amends. SJcellott. 
Ahent.i. [Lai. amentum.) A Ihong; 

a String. This word occurs in 

Cockeram'a Engluk DictuMarie, 

Amekube, v. {A.-N. ■nemuer.) 

To diminish. 
The ftme unnut of u ooble a kntehl. 

*mAm, t 29. 


LUEsAWDEa, ». The hemorrhoids. 
LHBRCE, iB. {A.-N. amercier.) 
*»BHCT. J To punish with a pe. 
cuniary penalty j to inflict a fine 
or forfeiture i to punish, in gene- 

See Admi 

Rmro and Jtilitt, iii, S. 
AUBMIAMENT, *. {A..N.) An 
arbitrary mulct. 

inflit of bloiKljlied, ttum nch tjme m 
•wviw, liU the bctava J's^ia. 




Amebellb, «. (J.'N.) An umbrella. 

Amebrb, \9.{j4.-S,amyrran,am€r- 

AMXRB, J ran, to m v.) To mar ; 

to spoil ; to destroy. 

The wif had the tale i*herd 
And thonghte well to ben atnered; 
And saide, " Sire, thou liast outrage 
To leve a pie in a kage 1" 

Seuyn SageSt 1. 2268. 

He ran with a drawe swerde 

To hys mamentrye. 
And aU hys goddys ther he amerrede. 

With greet envye. Octovian, 1. 1307. 

iuERS, 9. Embers. Yorksh, 
Amervaile, V, (A.'N.) To marvel ; 
to be surprised. 

By meane whereof, the kynge's death 
was blowen into the citye, and after 
nnto the eares of Cliilpericus, whereof 
he was not amervayUd, nor wolde to it 
gere fenne credence. Trettsa^ L 97. 

Ames-ace. See Jmhes-tu, 
Amese, V, {A,'N.) To calm. "Amese 

you," calm yourself. Tovmley 

'Myst., p. 194. 
Amesse, «. The amice. 
Amet, 9. (A.-S.) An ant. 

So thycke hii come, that the lond over al 

hii gonne fulie. 
As thycke as ametm crepeth in an amete 

hnlle. Bob. Glows., p. 296. 

Amethodical, o^'. ((rr.) Without 
metbod; irregular. 

Ametised, part. p. Destroyed. 

Ameve, V, {A,'S.) To move. 

Amfbactuous, adj, (Lat.) Full of 

Amias. The city of Amiens. 

Amice, "j ». (A.-N.) One of the 
AMITE, I sacerdotal vestments ; a 
AMMis, I piece of fine linen, of an 
AMMAS,J oblong square form, 
which was formerly worn on the 
head until the priest arrived be- 
fore the altar, and then thrown 
back upon the shoulders. 

Amyd, 1 ^^^ Amidst. 


Amydon, 9. Fine wheat-flower 
steeped in water; then strained, 
and let stand until it settle at 

the bottom ; then drained of the 

water, and dried at the sun ; used 

for bread, or in broth, it is very 

nourishing ; also, starch made of 


Amidwabd, adv, {A,'S,) In the 


And amydward the place 
He mette with ^'yrolR8. 

Kyng Alisaunder, 1. 967. 

Amil, 9, Starch. 

Of wheate is made amyl, the making 

whereof Cato and Dioscorides teacheth. 

Googt^s Uusbandrie, 1568. 

Amiled, part, p, {A.-N.) Ena- 

Amillieb, 9, (A.'N.) An almond- 

The briddes in blossoms thei beeren wel 

On olyves, and amyllien, and al kynde of 

The popejayes perken, and pmynen for 

On peren and pynappel they joyken in 

pees. rislill of Susan, st. 7- 

Aminish, V, (A.'N.) To diminish. 
Amire, V, (A.'N.) To assist; to 

remedy. Chaucer, 
Amis, v, (A.-N,) To miss ; to fail. 


Amisse, 9, A fault. 

1 wretch, too late, do sorrow my amis. 
Six Old Plays, p. 17. 

Yet love, thon'rt blinder than thyself in 

To vex my dove-hke friend for my amiss. 

Donne, Eleg., xiv, 29. 

He told the erring their amisse, and taught 
them to amend. 

Warner's Albion's England, 1593. 

Amission, 9. {Lat.) Loss. 
Amit, (1) See Amice, 

(2) V. To admit. 

(3) V. (Lat.) To lose. 
Amitte, v. (A,'N.) To set one's self 

to a thing. 

Amiture, 9, (A.'N.) Friendship. 

Thow, he saide, traytour, 
Yusturday thow coine in amiiure, 
Y-arraed so on of rayne. 
Me byhynde at my chyne 
Smotest me with thy spere. 

Kyng Alisaunder, 8975 




Ammat, 8 A luncheon, h^'esi, 

Ammis. See Amice. 

Amner, 8. An almoner. 

Amnicolist, 8. (Lat.) One who 
dwells on the hanks of a river. 

Amnigenous, adj. {Lat) Gene- 
rated in rivers. 

Amod, adv. Amid. Langtoft. 

Amond, 8. (Fr.) An almond. Min- 

Amoneste, "I ». {A.'N, amone8- 
AMMONESTE, J tcT.) To admonish. 

Amonestement, 8. {A.'N.) Advice ; 

Amonge, adv. (A.-S.) Amidst; at 
intervals. Ever amonge, from 
time to time, ever at intervals. 

Amonsi. See Amanse. 

Amoost, adv. Almost. We8t. 

Amorge, 1 adv. (A.-S.) On the 
AMOREGE, j morrow. SeeAmorwe. 

Amorayle. See Admiral. 

Amorette, 8. {A.'N.) (1) A love 


(2) A love-motto ? 

I For not i<claclde in sillce was he. 
But all in flouris and flourettes, 
I-paintid all witli amorettes. 

Born, of the Base, S92. 

Amorist, «. An amorous person ; 

a lover. 

fie! you look not like an amorist; that 
face would frieht her. 

CarleWs Fassionate Zovers, 1655. 

Consume your timorous crin^ng amorists, 
that would possess their heav'n, but dare 
not bleed for't. 

Jhttfsy, Madam Fickle, 1676. 

Amoroso, 8. {Ital.) A lover. 

No-body many timet maketh the ^d 
man cuckhola, for though hb wives 
amoroso have beene at home all day, 
yet if hee . aske who hath beene there, 
she answereth suddenly, nobody, who 
should be here, I say againe, sweete 
hart, nobody. 
Mch Cabinet furnished with Varietie 
of Excellent inscriptions, 1616. 

Amort, a^v. (Fr.) Dejected; dead. 

See Alamort, 
Amortise, v. (A.-N.) (1 ) To amor- 

tise ; to give property in mort- 

miuiu Pier8 PL 

(2) To kill, or deaden. 

But for als moche as the goode werkes 
that men don whil thay ben in good lif 
ben amortised by synne folwyng, and 
eek sith that alle the goode werkes that 
men doon whil thay beu in dedly synne, 
been outrely deede as for to have the lif 
perdurable. Chaucer, Fersones T. 

Amortisbment, 8, The act of com- 
mitting lands to mortmain. A 
longer explanation is given by 
Skinner, in his Etymologicon, 

Amorwe, 1 a^^^ ^j^^s.) On the 
^morrow; in the 



Wei 5eme he wille the bidde and praie. 
That thou come amorewe and plaie. 

Florice and Blanchtflour. 
And thai thai served him never so faire, 
Amorvoen schold another pair. Ih. 

So suart so eni crowe amorvae is fot was. 

FLoh. Glouc, p. 490. 

Amounte, (1) V. (A.'N,) To 

amount to ; to be. 

Lordyngs, quod he, ther is ful many 
a man that crieth werre, werre, that 
wot ful litel what werre amounteth. 

Chaucer, T. of Melibeus. 

(2) part. p. Smeared. An error 

of the scribe for anointe. 

And I will goe gaither slyche. 
The shippe for to caulke and pvche; 
Amounts yt muste be with sticlie, 
Borde, tree, and pynne. 

Chester Flays, i, 47. 

Amountmbnt. 8. Reckoning. 

Tmoum I*- (^-^0 ^o^e; a 
amoure, V J ^^ 

AMOWRB, J «^~" 

He luked up unto the toure, 
And merily sang he of amowre. 

Sevyn Sages, 2962. 

Amove, v. To move; to move 
away from. 

Amper, 8. {A.-S. ampre, a swollen 
vein.) An inflamed swelling. 
Ea8t, A rising scab or sore, 
also a vein swelled with cor- 
rupted blood. E88ex. A fault, a 
defect, a flaw ; a fault or flaw in 
linen or woollen cloth. In 
Somersetshiref a person covered 


with pimplM ii ndd to be on^ifrjf . 
Tbeword it ipplied in the Eulern 
Conntiu to aignifr weak, or ud- 
bealtby; in Sussex, to cheese 
banning to decay, and lome- 
tiniei to decayed teeth. Ad 
an^t-anff, a decayed tooth. 

Amfhibological, oiji- (Or.} Am- 

Ahpbibdlooie, *. (Gr.) Ambi- 
gnous laagUBg;e. Chaucer. 

Ahpls, (I) e. (^supposed to be cor- 
rnpted from amble.) To go. 

(2) adj. (lat.) Liberal ; geaeroui. 

(3) .. (^.-iV.) Ad ampulla, or 
vesael for ointment. SeeAmpuUe. 

i> girdle h 

h tlie 



Kuch Toandi and hurts, mi \0 cut 
■putnmEi. Caxllm, BiaK of Ocuc. 

Ahflkitt, v. (Lot.) To embrace. 

AhpLiate, v. {Lat.) To amplify. 

AmTOLt. See An^vBt. 

Ahfot, t- A hamper. Shropth. 

Ahpbet, adj. {A.-S.) Faulty ; de- 
fective 1 ipoiled ; decayed, applied 
to cheeie, &c Kent. Suaen. See 

Ampts, I. {A.-S. ametCt.) An 

Ampdllb, 1 (. {A.-N.) A amall 
AMPOLT, >veaiel forholdlngoint- 
AMPLi, J menl, holy-naier, &c. 
A boUe Bsd B bagn 
He bar bjr hit sjrdc, 
Aa hnndred of oHfliiaff 
OahiihUutcn. rimPL.p.'iW. 
Ambbl, (. A blackbird. For. dial. 
Ahskbst, (. (a corrupt form.) A 

cotuistory court. 
Jurrr, \adj.(A.-S.itnili,<emtig.) 
AHPTT, /.Empty. 
AMitf plus he madii iboutc, Rnd TdEc Sua. 
b;^ tutt. BQb. Olmc., p. IT. 


Ahvbci, (. (Zdf. amvrea.) Dregt 

or lees of oil. 
Aiiub,cositv, t. The quality of 

having leei. 
AuuaK, D. To aoiuae, according 

flingduitor snuffinio the e^reaof 
tbe person intended to he robbed. 

AuWAST, mil. MmotA. Norlhampl. 

Ahwoast, edv. Almost. Willi, 

Amy, «. (A.-N.) in the ftminint 
amyf, ataie,ataeye. Oncbelovedi 
■ lover, or a mistress ; a friend. 

HsvoidDdtheciiiDmbreufniBiij aebon. 

Ami beOD hire leof avnr. 

He aikid what hire gTEvtd so? 

A dwelling; a house. 
Nou bnh tlieiinne IbU Kcht 
Four and CwEut^maidi'Dnb. 
So «eJe ven tliat iUie mm, 

1. 876. 


Flor. aad Shmcltf. 

(3) One 

(4) A. see A. 
{f>) prep. {A.-S.) On. 

(6) conj. Than. iVor(4 and East. 
It is found ID the 6'urior Mwtdi, 
a poem written in a very broad 
Mnthern direct; but there it 
has the form and, 

(7) If. 
Ifi) And. 

(9) Of. Northampl. "I yerd 

nothing an it," I heard nothing 

of it. 
An? What? Whether? Devon. 
Anack, I. A provincial name for 

Eome kind of fine oaten bread. 

Aliu witii tbii imall minte, oatemcale. it 





Anadem, 8. (Gr,) A chaplet; a 

Upon this joyfull day, some dainty chaplets 

twine : 
Some others chosen out, with fingers neat 

and flue, 
Brave anadenu doe make : some bauldricks 

updo bind: 
Some, garlands : and to some, the nosegaies 

were assigu'd. 

Drayton's Polyolbion, song 15. 

Anadesm, 8, (Gr.) A band to tie 
up wounds. Minsheu. 

Anagngstian, 8. {Gr.) "A curate 
that serveth onely to reade, 
or a clarke or scoUer that read- 
eth to a writer or his master." 

Anagogical, adj. (Gr,) Pertain- 
ing to the Scriptures. This word 
is given by Minsheu, in his Guide 
into Tongues^ 1627. 

Anairmit, a(^'. Armed. Gawayne, 

Analem, 8. {Gr.) An instrument 
for finding the course and eleva- 
tion of the sun. Minsheu, 

An-all, adv. Also. 

Anameld, ad/. Enamelled. 

An A MET, 8. A luncheon. Hamps, 

Anamorphosis, «.(Crr.) A change 
of form. 

Anamourd, adj. Enamoured. 
— MSS, of Uth and 15M 

As AH, adv, (1) How? What did 
you say ? It has been observed 
that mid unnan, in Anglo-Saxon, 
means "with permission" and 
unnan is, to yield as a favour ;. 
so that anau (more properly 
annan) seems to be an elliptic 
expression, like the French 
" Plait'il ?" meaning " may I ask 
the favour of your saying it 
again ?" 

(2) A corruption of anon, imme- 

Ananger, v. To incense. 

And Tifhen the cmperoure harde this, 
he was greatly amoved, and sore an- 
angered. VirgiUus, ed. Thorns, p. 13. 

adv, (from on or 
in, and adven- 
tures.) In case 
that; lest that; 
if; perad venture. 



Anger nonld let him speak to the tree, 
Enaunter liis ra};e might cooled be. 

Spenser's Shepherd's Calendar. 
Tor longe durst he nut abyde, 
Inaunier if men woU seyne, 
That he his sister hath torleyne. 

Govoer de Conf. Jm., f. 48. 

Anapes, 8. Cloth ; apparently some 
fine kind of fustian, which word 
is usually joined with it. 
His dooblet sleerez of black woorsted ; 
upon them a payr of povnets of tawny 
chumblet, laced along the wreast wyth 
blu threedeii points ', a wealt toward the 
hand of fustian anaves. 

Laneham's Account oj the (Queen's Enter- 
tainment at KiUingworth Castle. 

Vestis heteromalla lanea, crepo/xoAAo; 
ea^s. De tripe, de chamois velout^. 
A garment of fusUon anapes, of vellure, 
of tult mockado. Nomenclator, 1585. 

Anarwe, v. {A.'S.) To narrow, 

or constrain ; to render timid. 

He makith heom way with scharpe launce , 
Thy men anarwitk thy cotitinaunce. 

Kytig Jlisaunder, 1. 3346. 

Anathematism, 8. {Gr.) A curse. 

In the primitive church though in their 
councils they were not backward to pass 
anathematisms on everything that they 
judged heresies, &c. 
Burnet's Hist, of Beformation, fol., p. 23. 

Anatomy, 8. A skeleton. 

Anauntrins, adv. Perhaps ; if so 
be. North, See Anantres, 

Anberrt, 1 «. {A,'S. ampre,) (1) 
ANBURY, J A disease in turnips. 
It is a large excrescence, which, 
forming itself below the apple of 
the turnip, grows sometimes to 
the size of both the hands ; and, as 
soon as the hard weather sets in, 
or it is, by its own nature, 
brought to maturity, it becomes 
putrid, and smells very offen- 

(2) A kind of spongy wart, full of 
blood, growing upon any part of 
a horse's body. 




Anblere. 8. (for amhlere.) An 

ambling nag. 

Tbe meyr stod, as ye may here, 
And saw hym come ride up anblerc. 

Launfal, 92. 

Anbt, adv. Some time hence ; in 

the evening. Somerset, 

Ancar, s. a hermit. See jinchor. 

Anceande, adv. Anciently. 

For men may oppen and se thni^li this kay, 
Wat has been anceande, and sail be aye. 

Clam Seientia, p. S. 

Ancessour, «. An ancestor. 
Anchaisun, 8. {A.-N.) Reason; 

cause. See Encheson. 
Anchanteor, «. An enchanter. 
Anchilation,*. Frustration. 
AnchoRi (1) 8, An abbreviation of 

•anchoret, a hermit. 

To desperation turn my trust and hope, 
An (uichor's cheer in prison be my scope. 

Snakesp., Haml., hi, 2. 

Sit seven yeares pinine in an anchor's 
cheyre. Hall, Sat., b. iv, s. 2. 

(2) 8. A Dutch liquid measure, 
or cask, often used by smugglers 
to carry their brandy on horse- 
back. See the notes of the com- 
mentators on Merry "Wives of 
Windsor, i, 3. See Anker. 

(3) V. To hold like an anchor. 

(4) 8. The chape of a buckle. 
North. It is also in use in Glou- 

Anchor-frost, 8. Ice found far 
below the surface of the water in 
a running stream. Leicest. 

Anchobidge, 8. The porch of a 
church, particularly that belong, 
ing to the cathedral of Durham. 

Anchuse, 8. (Lat.) The name of a 
plant ; ox-tongue. 

Ancian, adj. Aged. 

Ancient, 1 ». (1) {A.^N. ancien, 

auncient, j ancient.) An elder. 

(2) (Fr. ensignej an ensign, or 

banner.) The flag or ensign of a 

regiment or of a ship. 

I am appointed to fight against a snail. 
And 'mlkia Wren the ancient shall beare. 
Sawkint'* 0. P., i, 261. 

Ten timet more dishonourably ragged 
than an old fac'd ancient. 

1 Henry /^, iv, 3. 

Fall of holes, like a shot ancient. 

The Puritan, i, 2. 

It was a spectacle extremely delightful 
to behold the jucks, the pendants, and 
the ancients sporting in the wind. 

Don Quixote, ed. 1687, p. 569. 

(3) The standard-bearer. 

Please vour grace, my ancient ; 
A man Ibe is of honesty and trust. 

Othello, i, 9. 

'Tis one lago, ancient to the general. 

76., ii, 4. 

Ancienty, T «. Antiquity. In 
auncienty, j writers of the 16tli 
XsciLLE, 8. {Lat.) A maid-servant. 

So fortunate, that I myhte of rihte 
Bo trewe servyce, as ancille ever in sihte. 
Lydgaie's Minor Poems, p. 37. 

Ancle-bone, «. A name given by 
sailors to the prickly lobster. 

Ancle-jacks, 8. Pieces of leather 
put round the ancle a little above 
the shoe, tying in front. Norfolk. 
In Derbyshire this name is ap- 
plied to a rough sort of shoes 
which tie above the ancle. 

Anglers, 8. Ancles. Shropsh. 

Anclet, 8. (1) The ancle. North. 
(2) A gaiter. 

Ancliff, *. The ancle. North. 

An CLOWE, 8. {A.'S. ancleow.) The 

Ancome, 1 8. (A.'S.) A small ul- 
ONCOME, > cerous swelling, form- 
UNCOME, J ed unexpectedly. See 

I have seen a little prick no bigger than 
a pin's hend, swelling bigger and bigger, 
till it came to an ancome. 0. P., iv, 238. 

Ancony, 8. A term in the iron 
works for a bloom, wrought into 
the figure of a flat iron bar, 
about three feet in length, with 
a square rough knob on each end. 
Kennett, In Staffordshire one 



of these knobs is called the aiu 
cony -end f the other the mocket- 

Ancrb, 8, {A,'N,) An anchor. 

Ancresse, 1 ^ /^ .^) j^ fgnjaie 

I anchoret or hermit. 
h J 


And asking why she must be kept a slave, 
Or how she hath deserv'd so strict a doome. 
To be so young put in her marble grave, 
(For whats a prison, but a living toombe?) 
Or for what cause she may no husband have. 
But live an ancresse in so strict a roome, 
Knowing herselfe a princesse ripe and 

Wrougd (as she thinkes) not to be 
married yet. 

Great Britaines Troye, 1609. 

Ancylk, 8, A kind of javelin or 
dart, or the leather thong with 
which it is thrown. PhiUip8, 

And, conj. If, 

Anp >\w, conj. And all ; as well ; 
likewise. North, Somer8et, 

Wi' crackin, and jwokin, and braggin. 
And fratchin, and feightin and aw ; 

Sec glorious fun and divarsion 
Was ne'er seen in castle or haw." 
Anderson's Cumberland Ballads^ p. 91. 

Ande, 8, (said to be derived from 
the Dani8h.) Breath. See Aande. 

Thai rested than a litel stonnd, 
I'or to tak thair ande tham till. 

Ytoaine and Gaioin, 3555. 

Andelono, adv, (A.-S.) Length- 

Andersmas, «. The mass or festi- 
val of St. Andrew. Yorksh, 

Andersmeat, «. An afternoon's 

Andesith, adv, {A.-S.) Previ- 

Andirons, 1 *. {A,-S.) The or- 

AUNDiRONS, t^namental irons on 

AUNDEiRYs, J cach side of the 

hearth in old houses, which were 

accompanied with small rests for 

the ends of the logs. 

Andulees, 8, (Fr, andouilles.) 
Puddings made of hog's guts and 

Andur, conJ, (Dan,) Either. 




pron. (A,'S.) Other. 

As I me went this andyrs day. 
Fast on my way makyng my mone. 

In a mery mornyng of May, 
Be Huntley bankes myself alone. 

Ballad of True Thomas. 

Ane, (1) 8, (A.-S.) The heard of 

corn. See Aane. 

Flaxen wheate hath a yeloweare and 
bare without anys. Folard whete hatli 
no ants. White whete hath anys. Red 
wheate hath a fiat eare fill of anis. 
English wheate hath few any* or none. 
FitzherherVs Husbandry, f. 20. 

(2) adj, (A.-S,) One. 

That es made als a quarner stane. 
For to make tuin folkis ane. 

Cursor Mundi, MS. 

Cokwold no man I wyll repreve. 
For I arae ane, and aske no leve. 
For all my rent and londys. 

Cohoold's Bounce. 

(3) adv. Alone. "Bihymeawe," 
by himself alone. 

(4) A. 

Alas! thou sell Fraunce, for the may 

thunche shorn e, 
That ane fewe fullaris maketh on so tome. 
Political Songs, p. 194. 

(5) adj. Own. North, 

(6) V, To aim at. Somerset, 

(7) prep. On. 

(8) V, To dweU. MS, of Ihth 

Aneaoust, prfp. Near to; almost. 

Anear, {l)/>rqo. Near. 5omer«e/. 

(2) V. {A.'S.) To approach. 
Anearst, \prep. {A,'S,) Near. 

ANEAST, J Exmoor. 
knEXTUf prep. Beneath. North, 
Anebak, adv. Aback. Gawayne. 
Anede, part, p, of anne^ to unite. 

United ; made one. 
Anedel, 8, (A,-S,) One part. 

Tto he the stede was opon. 
He gave anedel of his fon. 

Arthour and Merlin, 1. 4022. 

Ane-end, 1 adv, {A.-S.) On one 

ANiND, Y C"^ > upright; rearing, 

amnenDiJ applied to afour-footed 




animal ; perpetually, evermore, in 
Cheshire. Aneend is used simply 
for on end, in Northampt. 
Anehbde, a. {A.-S.) Unity. 



«. {Med. Lat ane- 

*laciu8.) A kind of 

knife or dagger, worn 

at the girdle. 

An anlas and a gipser al of silk 

Heng at his gerdul, whit as morae inyllc. 

Anelavb, V, To gape. 

Anele, 1 V. {A.-S. an and ele^ 

enele, > oil.) To anoint, or give 

ANOYLE, J extreme unction. 

Cristendom, and bissdioppynge, 
Fenauns, and eke spousinee, 
Godes body ine forme of bred, 
Ordre, and aneliinge, 

Thes serene 
Heth holi clierche sacremens. 
That beth tokenen of herene. 

William ie Shoreham. 

So when he was houseled and anelfd, 
and had all that a Christian man ouglit 
to have. Mart d^ Arthur, p. iii, c. 175. 

The extreme unction or anelynge, and 
confirmacion, he sayed be no sacra- 
ments of the church. 

Sir Thoa. Mor^s Works, p. 845. 

The byshop sendeth it to the curates* 
because they should therwith annoynt 
tlie aivk, in the sacrament oianoyling. 

/&., p.43l. 

A)so children were christen'd, and men 
houseld and annoyled thorough all the 
land. Holinsh., vol. ii, n. 6. 

(2) (-^.-5'. aruBlan.) To temper 
in the fire. 

(3) {A,-S. nealacean.) To ap- 

Botlie wyth bullez and berez, and borez 

And etaynez, that hym aneUde, of the he^e 

fdle. Syr Gawayne, p. 'm. 

Aneliko, 8. (1) One that brings 

forth one young at a time. 

Their ewes also are so fall of increase, 
that some dos usuallie bring foorth two, 
three, or foure lambes at once, whereby 
thev account our anelings, which are 
such as bring foorth but one at once, 
rather barren than to be kept for anie 
gaine. Harrison* s Desc. of Brit., p. 42. 

(2) The sacrament of anointing. 
See Anele (1). 

Anelt,! <w&'. (A,'S. anlici <Bnlie,) 
ANLY, jAlone; solitary. Ane- 
lynest solitariness. 

Anemas, Icon;, (supposed to be 
ANEMis, J derived from the Scan- 
dinavian dialects.) Lest ; for fear ; 
as, "shut that window anemas 
it should rain ;" " spar the door 
anemia he come," shut the door 
lest he come in. Norfolk, It 
appears to be now obsolete. 

An-end, adv. Onwards ; towards 
the end ; " to go an-end^** to go 
forward ; " to go right an-end" 
t. e.f to go straight forward. 

Ane^s, 8, Chains or fetters. 

Now er his anens wrouht of silvere wele 

over gilt ; 
Dayet that therof rouht, his was alle the 

gUt. Feter Langtoft, p. 167. 

Anempst, '^ prep. Against ; over 

ANENST, against ; opposite to. 

ANENT, > (In a secondary sense) 

ANENTis, I concerning ; with re- 

ANENDS, J spect to. In the MS. 

Household Book of Henry Lord 

Clifford, 1510, there is mention 

made of an action '*' anends the 

dean of York." 

And wee humbly beseech your highnes 
wee may knowe your Graces pleasure 
howe wee shall oraer ourselves anempst 
your graces sayd cytie and castell, for 
our discharge. State Papers, ii, 204. 

And right anenst him a dog snarling-^. 

B. Jon., Alchem., act ii. 

The king shall sitt anempst hym, face to 
face, in a chair prepared as to his 
high estate accordeth. 

Rutland Papers, p. 14. 

As it was borne towards the place, 
when the bearers came aneynst the 
sepulchre of her husband, king Malcolm, 
they were not able to remove the re- 
Ivkes any further. 
Aolinshed, Hist, of Scot. ; Alexander, 287. 

Foure times the brazen horse, entring, 

stuck fast 
Anenst the min'd girdle of the towne. 

HeyvDOod^s Troja Britanniea, p. 894. 

Anenst this partition there was greeces 
and stayres, down to the place of toum- 
age, for messengers, &c. 

Leland^tCoU. t,367. 




Of that donn-cast we maj hi channee 
Jnent this world get cov'eraunce. 

Cursor Mumii, MS. Cantab., f. 141. 

Xv^ovsTtprep, Near j almost. Var, 

Anerde, V, (A.'S.) To adhere; 

dwell with. 
Akerre, V, (J.'S.) To draw near 

to ; to approach. 
Anerthb, adv. On the earth. To 

briny arierihe, to bury, to inter. 

So that it was thorn hyre wyth gret 

honour y-bore 
T9 tl«e housof Waltam. and j-hro^t anerthe 

there. Bob. Gloueat., p. 364. 

Anes, (1) adv. Once. 

His herber her anes gan he ta, 
That was bwinyng of our wa. 

xwatne and Gawin, L 8015. 

At anest at once. 

Both patriark and prophete, 
All thanked thei Grod at anes. 

MS. Cott, Gfdba, £ix,f.61. 

(2) adj. Just like;, similar to. 
AneS'to, almost, except. So^ 
Anes-kikbs, ^adv. (A.'S.) Any 
ANis-KiNESy J kind of; any. 

Withouten anis-Jrines duelling, 
Sche gan Gregori to tlirete. 

Leg. of Pope Gregory, p. 26. 

Anesal, v. To nestle (?). A term 
in hawking. 

Then, when he is well redemjd thertoo, 
anesal hym to a malard, and when he is 
made unto a malard, lete oon have a 
tame malard, 8cc. Eeliq. Jntiq., i, 299. 

Anet, 9. (A.'N.) The herb dUl. 
Anethe, \adv.fA.-S.) Scarcely, 

ANETHYS, J See Unnethe, 
Anetherb, V, (A.'S.) To depress. 

Rob, Glouc, 
Aneust, adv, (A.'S,) Much the 

Anew, adv. Enough. Var. dial. 
Anbwb, v. To renew. 
Anewst, prep. Nigh; almost. 

Anet, adv. Enough. 
Anbyment, 8. {A.'N.) A plague ; 

an injury. 

And that thynge hys ase ich seyde her, 

Tho ich her-an gan worche,. 
The holy joynynge of God self 
And Of al holy cherche, 

In tome. 
Of spouhoth thys aneyment 
Lonketh 50U for hordome. 

William de Shorekam. 

Anets, s. (A.-N.) Aniseed. 
Anfald, adj. {A.-S. anfealdj one- 
fold.) Simple ; single ; one. 

Fader and Sun and Haligast, 
That anfald Grod es ay stedfast. 

Cursor Mundi, MS. Edinb. 

Anfald Grodd I call on thee, 
Laverd loved in trinity. 
To the mak 1 mi bon. 

MS. Cott., Vesp., A iii, f. 143. 

Anfeldtyhde, (A.-S.) a simple 

accusation. Skinner. 
Anfeeld, \s. {A.'S. anjilt.) An 
anfielo, j anvil. 

By this had Vulcan hammered his heate, 

and bad to stay 
The bellowes ; and he lymping from the 

anfeeld thus did say. 

Warner's Albion's England, 1592. 

Anfractuous, adj. {Lat.) Wind- 
ing; crooked. 

Anfractuositibs, 8. (from Lat. 
anfractus.) Mazy and involved 
turnings and windings. 

Which arteries, taking their rise 
from the left capsula of the heart, 
bringing through several circuits, am- 
bages, and anfractuosities, the vital 
spirits, to subtilize and refine them to 
the eetherial purity of animal spirits. 

Babelats, iii, 22. 
Ang, #. The hairy part of an ear of 
barley. North. 

AUNGE,}*-(^"^^-) An angel. 
Angel, ». (1) A gold coin worth 
from about six shillings and 
eightpence to ten shillings. This 
word was frequently punned 

You follow the young prince up and 
down hke his ill-angel. 
Not so, my lord ; your ill angel is light ; 
but I hope he that looks on me will 
take me without weighing. iffen.IF, i, 2. 
It appears from the following 
epigram, that a lawyer's fee was 
only an angel: 




Upon Jnne*s Marriage tciih a Lavoyer : 

Anne is an angel, what if so she be ? 
What is aa angel but a laxrver's fee ? 

Wits Recreation. 

(2) Anangularopening in a build- 
ing. Wiiiis^s Architectural No- 
menclaturej p. 52. 
Angel- BEAST, «. A game at cards. 

Tills gentleman offering to play at 
angel-heast with 'urn, though he scarce 
know the cards, and has no more visible 
estate then what he may lose at a 

Sedley, The Mulberry Garden, 1668. 

Akoel-bed, 8. A kind of open bed, 
without bed-posts. Phillips, 

Angel-bread, a. A purgative cake, 
made of spurge, ginger, flour, 
oatmeal, &c. 

Angelica, 8, A species of master- 

Angelical* STONE, «. An alche- 
mical stone. Angelical-water, a 
sort of perfume. 

Angellize, V, To raise to be an 

llluding Sathan cannot shine so bright. 
Though angelliz'd. 

Sylvester's Du Bartas, p. 161. 

Angelot. (1) A small cheese 
brought from Normandy. See 
Holme's Academy of Armory, 
ifc„ b. iii, p. 81, which he says 
is curds made of milk, cream, 
and rennet, made into thin 

Your angelols of Brie, 
Your Marsolini, and Farmasan of Lodi. 

The Wits, iv, \. 

How to make an angellet. — Take a pint 
of cream, and double the quantity of 
milk, putting to them a small quantity 
of ruunet, and when it thickens, take it 
up with a spoon, and put it into a fat, 
there let it continue till it is very stiff, 
then salt it ; and when it is so, let it dry, 
and at the end of three months eat it. 
The Closet of Rarities, 1706. 

(2) A gold coin of the value of 
half an angel. 
Angel's-food, 8, Apparently a 
term for heavy ale. Harri- 

son's De8cription of England, 
p. 202. 
Anger, (1) ». {A.-S.) Sorrow. 
**Angyr or angwysshe, angor, au- 
gust! a, tribulacio." Promp. Parv, 

And sobret6 ^eveth heere swete drynke 
And solaceth heere in alle angres. 

Piers Fl., p. 271. 

And I sal lene to yow my ring. 
That es to me a ful der thing : 
In nane anger sal ye be, 
WhUs ye it have and thinkes on me. 
Iwaine and Gawin, 1. 1529. 

(2) An inflammation. 

(3) V. To anger. A provincial 
use of the word, but employed 
also as a verb by Shakespeare. 

Angerfull, adj. Enraged. 

it calls him pitifull, 

£epentant, jealous, fierce, and angerfull. 
Sylvester's Du Bartas, p. 115. 

Angerich, adv. Angrily. 

And angerich 1 wandrede 
The Austyus to prove. 

Piers PL, p. 466. 

Angerlt, adj. Angrily. Shakesp. 

AnQiLD, 8. {A.-S.) A fine. Skinner, 

Angine, 8. {Fr.) The quinsey. 

[Hel knew the cold cramp, th' angine, and 
lunacy. Sylvester, Du Bartas, p. 88. 

Angle, s. {A.tN.) (1) A corner. 
(2) An astrological term. 

Angle-berry, «. A sore under the 
claw or hoof of an animal. North, 
See Anberry. 

Angle-bowing. A method of fenc- 
ing the grounds wherein sheep 
are kept by fixing rods like bows 
with both ends in the ground, or 
in a dead hedge, where they make 
angles with each other. Devon, 

Angledog, 8, A large earthworm. 

Angle-lkgs, 8, Bent legs. 

This heard, sir, play stil in her eyes. 
And be a dym^, lives, like flyes 
Caught by their angle-legs^ and whom 
The torch laughs peece-meale to consume. 
Lovelace^s Lucaste, 1649. 

Angle-twitch "I 8. (from Fr, 
angle-twache, \anguille, an 
angle-touch, J eel.) An earths 


being troublesome to Bick banks 

bf Ladf Juliana Bernen, and 

called anguetleS' 
Anoe-eb, I. One who begs in the 

dajiliaie, obserring what he eaa 

steal at night. A cant word. 
Anglbt, ». {Fr.) A little corner. 
Anonail, (. A com on the toe. 

Cumbert. See AgnaU. 
Anoobeb, a. A sort of large and 

long pear. Diet. Rial. 
Angobas, I. An anchorite. 
Anghomb, d. {A.-S., from m and 

ffremian.) To grieve; lolorment. 
Angry, adj. Painful; inflamed; 

ANGRV-Bovs.a. A Bet of nild young 
men who delighted to commit out- 
rages, and pick up quarrela. They 
are often mentioned by the dra. 
matifts of the time of Jamea I. 
Sir, not k yoan^, Ijnt 1 Lave heard Bome 
or tlie anffry b^t. and seen 'em take 


u blial 

the akin not being broke. Nor. 
ANGDBLi.B,t.(Fr.) Akindofworin, 
mentioned by early vciters, ai 
being troublesome to sick hawks. 
ANOtiisHous, 1 aig. {A.-N.) In 
ANOulBOus, /inguish; in pain. 

For tlie pehU tVal 1 gawe doubJe. 

Bott. of Ikt ami.vni. 
And rortherDrer, caotrictDiJa sdinldD be 

Tnat bought hyiu dere, 

Akgubse, (. Anguish. 

■^ U. U..&) To bang. 
tbeoRhe and i^demd 

JUS, H^ri, 2277, f. 1*. 
0, .wele levfd., wal tht «ai wo. 

I ad- 

Jye UDU lo ankaajif ua alle, and y utile 
nojt be bjhyndc. Sob. Gloue.^p. 196- 


Dier itoai up t ^Eolnineu, j^eth »jlh a 

Me to vreken ye ichuJ go 

Wer be tbeoketli lo lirine me an-iond. 
Anhove, b. {A.-S.) To hover. 

Aniente, p. (J,.N.) To destroy; 
to annihilate. 
Tliat ... 

An-if, trail/. If, 
Anien,prfp. Near. Shntpah. 
Amigqt, ade. In the night. 





Anile, adj. (Lat, anilis.) Imbecile 
from old age. 

Animablb, adj, (Lai,) That may 
be endowed with life. 

Animate, adj, (Lat, animatus.) En- 

I am animate to importune your goode 
lordship with moste harty desyres to 
contynue my goode lorde in au&:menting 
the kinges goode estimacion of me. 

Monastic Letters, p. 141. 

Anime 8, A white gum or resin 

brought out of the West Indies. 

Animositb, 9, {Lat.) Bravery. 

Anind, adv. On end; .upright. 

•* Mr. Jones's hos reared anind^ 

bout uprit.*' A Shropshire word. 

Moor gives it as a Suffolk word. 
Anious, adj. {A.'N.) Wearisome ; 

An-irkd, adf, {A.'N.) Angry. 

He sauh Richard an-ired, and liis mykelle 
myght. Peter Lang toft, p. 151. 

Anjurdoos, 8. Kitchen utensils 
for the spit to run on. L of 

Anker, 8. A measure of liquid. 
See Anchor, 

We'll drink it out of the anier, my boys. 
The Barley-Mow Song, n. d. 

Anker, 8. {A.-S.) An anchoret ; a 

hermit. See Anchor, 
Ankeras, «. A female hermit. See 

Anklet, «. An ankle. We8t S%i88ex. 

See Anclow. 
Anlepi, 1 ^. ,^_^ anlepig.) 

ANELEPT, > . , ^ . -I ^^ * 

, r^ionej gmgle. 


He stod, and totede in at a bord. 
Her he spak anilepi word 

Havelok, 2107. 
Ane 69 fomicacion, a fle8Chl6 synne 
Betwene an anelepy man and an anelepy 
woman. MS. Harl, 1022, f. 73. 

On ich half thai smiten him to. 
And he ogain to hem also ; 
Never no was anlevy knight. 
That so mani stona mixht. 

6y of Warwike.y. IZ9, 

Tliat hy ne take hiis for no man. 
Bote onelepy sytlie. 

William de Shoreham. 

Anlas. See Anelace. 

An LET, 8. An annulet; a small 

ring; a tag, or piece of metal 

attached to the end of laces or 

points. York8h. 
Anleth, 8. {A.'S. aniDlit, andwlit.) 

The face ; the countenance. 

To the mi hert saide the soght face mine, 

I sal seke laverd to face thine ; 

Ne tume thine anleth me fra, 

Ne helde in wrath fra thi hiiie swa. 

MS. Cott., Fesp., D vii, f. 16 b. 

Anlicne, v. {A.'S.) To liken ; to 


Thuervore hi byeth anlicned to the tayle 
of the voxe, be hare barat, and vor hare 
bezuykinge. MS. Anmdel, 57, 1. 17 b. 

. 1 8. (A.-S.,anl7cne8.) 


Therefter wendeth onto nre lavedi an- 
licnesse and cneolith mit five Avees; 
alast to the other imaiores and to the 
relikes luteth other cneoleth. 

MS. Cott., Cleopatra, C vi, f. 9. 

Anly, adj. {A.-S.) Solitary. See 

Anlifen, 8, {A.-S.) Livelihood ; 
substance. Verstegan. 

Anlote, v. {A.'S.) To pay a share 
of charges, according to the cus- 
tom of the place. Mimheu. 

Ann amelyd, part. p. E naraelled . 

For the wyche thyng schynis of dyvers 

Schynand full bryght of fyn eold. 
They hongyd full thycke on vlke a party, 
An annamelyd wonder rychely- 

Tundale, p. 64. 

Annary, 8. {Med, Lat. annarius.) 

A yearly description. Fuller. 
. 1 V. {A.'S. unna% annan.) 

ANNE, I . jv rj,^ . ^^ jgj^ ^^ 

^^^^' J consent! 

Eohant that was thare, 
To Mark his tale bigan ; 

" Wist ye what Tristram ware, 
Miche gode ye wold him an ; 

Your owhen soster him bare." 

Sir Tristrm, f. i, at. 71. 




Ich vmu hire wcl, ant heo me wo, 
Ycbam hire frend, ant heo my fo, 
Me thuncheth min herte wol breke atwo, 
For sorewe ant syke. 

Lyric Poetry, p. 40. 

Ich an wel! cwath the ni^tineale. 
Ah, wranne, nawt for thire tale. 

Hide and Ny^Hngale, 1 1728. 

(2) To wish well to. 

Tristrera speke biean, 
*' Sir king, God ioke the. 

As y the love and oh. 
And tiion hast served to me.*' 

Sir Triitrem^ f. i, st. 77. 

Anne, /mm. One. The objective 
case of an. 

Anneal, t>. {A.-S.) (1) To heat 

anything in such a manner as to 

give it a proper temper. This 

word is chiefly used by the 

blowers and workers in glass. 

" He that doth aneale pottes or 

other vessels, inustor.'' Barei*9 

Alvearie, 1580. 

Item, a myter for a bishop at St. Nicholas 
tide, gamysbed with sylver, and anelyd 
with pei'le, and counterfeyt stone. 

Churchwardens* Accompts, p. 114. 

(2) To anoint. See Anele, 

A 1 v.(A.-N,anean- 

Annrntise, L^.) Toannihi. 

'^''""'**''«'' J late; to destroy. 

The whiche thre thingesyehave nought 
annentissched or destroyed, neyther in 
yonre self ne in youre counseiloures, as 
ye oughte. Chaucer ^ T. o/Melibeus. 

Annet, 8. (A,»N.) The common 

gull. Norihumb, 
Annett, 8. First-fruits ? 

The L.Grovemonr,as touching the workes 
to be taken in hand, uoe municion to 
be lookt for. with some occuraoces of 
the English and Spanish fleets ; for the 
coroino; up of Capt. Case, and touching 
Sir John Selby's meadow, I'ownsdale's 
annett. Arehaologia, xxx, 169. 

Annexment, 8. Anything annexed, 
or subjoined. 

ANNiHiLED,j9ar/.p. Destroyed. 

Which els had been lon^ sinee annihiledt 
With all oUier living things beside. 

Lovet (hole, 1595. 

Anniverse, 8, {Fr,) An anniver- 

ShaD an anniverse 

Be kept with ostentation to rehers* 
A mortal princes birth-day. 
Contemplation* Moral and IHvine, 167ft. 

Annoy, 1 ». (A.-N.) An annoy- 

annye, j ance. 

For Helen's rape the city to destroy, 
Threat' niug cloud-kissing llion with annoy. 
Shak., Rape of Lucreee, p. 651. 

When his fair flocks he fed upon the downs. 
The poorest shepherd suffered noi annoy. 
Drayt., Eel., C, p. 1414. 

How many ills do follow one annoy ! 
Now merrily sail our gallant Greekes to 
Troy. Feel^s Farewell, 1589. 

Ther nys lyves mon noon so slygh 
That he neo tholeth ofte mony annve. 

Aliaaunder, 1. 10. 

Anoyful, ad}. Hurtful ; annoying. 

Anoiino, 8, Harm. 

No might do with hir wicheing 
In Inglond non anoiing. 

Arthour and Merlin, p. 166. 

Anoigus, ac{j\ Fatiguing; weari- 
some; unpleasant. 

When driven with wordlie winds, his 
anoioM business waxeth without mea- 
sure. Chaucer's Boethius, 860. 

Annote, 8. A note. 

In annote is hire nome, nempneth hit non 
Whose ryht redeth ronne to Johon. 

Lyric Poetry, p. 26. 

Annuary, adj, (Lat.) Annual. 

Annueler. a priest employed 

for the purpose of singing anni- 

versary masses for the dead. It 

is spelt annivolor in Skelton, ii, 


In Londonn was a nrest, an annueler. 
That therin dwelled hadde manv a ver. 

Chaucer, Cant.'T., 12940. 

Annunciate, adj. (Lat.) Foretold. 

Lo Sampson, whiche that was annunciate 
By thangel, long er his nativity. 

Chaucer, Cant. T., 15501. 

Anny, adv. Only. Northampt, 
Annyle, 8. Anise seed. Huloet, 
Ano, conf. Also. North. 
Anoder, adj. Another. "A pyx of 

sylver, anoder of laten." Invent., 

MS. Ibth cent. 
Anoylb, 9. To anoint. See Anele, 




The bysbop sendetn ft to the carates, 
because they should therwith aimoynt 
the sick in the sacrament of anoyVxng. 
Sir Thomas Mor^s Workes, p. 431. 

Anoynte, V. To flatter ; to deceive. 
A figurative sense, as we should 
say to grease a person. ''I anoynte^ 
I disceyve by flatterynge Je oyyiw." 
Palsgrave, verb. 

Anointed, adj. Chief; principal. 
"An anointed scamp." West, 

Anoisaunce, 8. A nuisance. 

Angle, adv. Too ; also. Yorksh. 

Anomination, 8. (Lot.) An opinion 
contrary to law. 

He that adornes his whole oration with 
no other trope but a sweet subjection or 
an anominatiDn, may be thought a trim 
man in the ears of the multitude, but in 
the iudgemeut of tlie elegant orators, he 
shall be known as rude in his art of 
rhetorick, as the butcher that scalded 
the calfe was in his craft of butchery. 

Brit. Bibl, ii, 441. 

Anomy, 8. (Gr.) Lawlessness. 
Anon, adv. (1) What do you say? 
Yorksh. See Anan, 

(2) Instantly; immediately. 

Now surely, brother, said the fox anon. 

Mother Eubberd's Tale, f. vi. 

All which shall appere anon. 
Lambarde's Ferandt. of Kent, p. 108. 

(3) Onwards. 

The kyng of Northomberlonde kyng was, 

ich nnoerstonde, 
Of al tbo londe bijonde Hombre anon into 

Scotbnde. Bob. of Glouc., p. 6. 

(4) Anon, sir, is equivalent to 

the modern "coming, sir," the 

phrase used by waiters in inns. 

An under-skinker, who never spake 
other English in his life, than— anon, 
anon, sir. 1 Henry IF, ii, 7. 

Andndeb, adv. (A.-S.) Under. 

Ten schypmen to londe yede 
To se the yle yn lengthe and brede, 
And fette water as hem was nede 
The roche anondyr. 

Octovian Imperator, 1. 650. 

Anone, "{adv. At one time; in 
ANON EN, J the first place. 
Anon£&, adv. Under. North. 

Anonrightes, 1 adv. (A.-S,) Im 
ANANRiHT, J mediately. 

Efter evesong efnonrxht siggeth ower 
placebo evericlic niht hwoii te bcoth 
eise. MS. Cott., Nero, A xiv, f. &• 

Scheo hette marchal nnd knyphtis 
Greythen heom to rvde anonn/fjhtis. 

it. AUsaunder, 1. 170. 

He hadde in toun v. hundred knightes. 
He hem ofsent anourif/htrs. 

Arthour and Merlin, p. 88. 

Anont, jprqp. Against; opposite. 

Anonxcion, 8. (for anunction.) 

Anointing. Hardyng. 
Anon Y WAR, adv. At unawares. 

Tho the Brytons come myd the prisons 

The Eonieyns come ajen hem al anonywar. 

Bob. Olouc, p. 212. 

Anoth, adv. Enough. 

-(^no^Ajdameseile! quath Blauncheflour, 
To scome me is lit el honour. 

Florice and Blaunehefl. 

Another, adv. (A.-S.) Otherwise ; 

Al that therinne were, 

Al thai made glade cliere, 

And ete and dronke echon wij other, 

Ac Florice thonjte nl another; 

Ete ne drinkc mijte he noujt; 

On Blauncheflour was al his thou^t. 

Florice and Blaunehefl. 

Me 5e, quath the kyng, tho another we 

ssoldc do. 
That he ath y-nome wyth treson we ssolde 

with maystrie. Rob. of Glouc., p. 447. 

Anoth ER-GAINE9, adv. Another 

sort of. 
Another-gates, adv. (A.-S.) A 

different kind; another sort. 


And his bringing up another-gates mar- 
riage than such a minion. 

Lyly's Mother Bombie, act 1. 

When Hudibras, about to enter 
Upon another-gates adventure. 
To Ralpho call d aloud to arm, 
Not dreaming of approaching storm. 
Hudibras, I, iii, 428. 

Another-guess, adv. Another 
sort of. A word in common use 




in the latter half of the 17th 

H' as been a stndent in the Temple this 
three years, another-gheas fellow tLan 
this, I assure you. 

Lurfey, Madam Fickle, 1682. 

i^ouGH, adv. Enough. West, 

Thai wende have joie anough, 

Certes it nas nought so. 
Her M'euing was al wough, 

Untroveand til hem to. 

Sir Tristrem, F. U, st. Ivi. 

Anour, ». (A.-N. anor.) Honour. 

After him thou best emperonr, 
God hath the don gret nnour. 

Gy of Wancicke, p. 149. 

Anourb, V. {A,'N, anorer.) To 

Thou ne anourest na^t God aryjt, 

Ac dest is onderlynges. 
Bylef thou in no wychecraft, 

Ne ine none teliinge. 

WiUiam de Shoreham. 

Anourement, 1 9, {A.-N,) 

I am tormentide with this blew fyre on 
my hede, for my lecherouse atiourement 
of myne heere, ande other array ther 
one. Gesta Somanorum, p. 431. 

Anourne, V, (A.'N.) To adorn. 
Anow, adv. Enough. West. 

He kest the bor doun hawes anowe. 
And com himseli doun bi a bowe. 

Sevyn Sages, 921. 

Akoward, adv. Upward; upon. 
Hearne explains it, 'thorough, 

And anovfard his rug fur y-maked. 
And doth from zere to tere. 

MS. Harl., 2277. f. 47. 
The hors hem lay anoward. 
That hem thought chaunce hard. 

Artlwur and Merlin, p. 123. 

Anotle, v. To anoint. 
Anoymentis, s. The translation of 

limates in an early gloss., in Reliq. 

Antiq., i, 8. 

Anoyntment, 8. An ointment. 

Anoyt, s. Trouble ? 

That other branche ftil rv^t goyt 
To the lytU fyngere, without anoy/. 

Beliq. Antiq., i, 190. 

Anparse. The character &. The 
expression and per se, and, to 
signify the contraction &, and 
substituted for that conjunction, 
is often found in nursery books, 
more especially in alphabets, such 
as the one commencing, "A, 
apple-pie." Sometimes spelt 
anpassy, and anpasty. 

Anpyre, s. Empire. 

Anrednesse, «. (A.-S.anrisdnesse.) 
Unity of purpose. 

An's-afe. I am afraid. Yorksh. 

Ansample, s. An example. 

Ansel, s. A corrupt orthography 
for hansel. 

Anshum-scranchum. When a 
number of persons are assembled 
at a table where the provision is 
scanty, and each one is almost 
obliged to scramble for what he 
can get, it will often be observed 
by some one of the party, that 
they never in all their life saw 
such anshum'Scranchum work. 

Ansine, "I *. (A.'S, ansyn.) Ap- 
onsine, j pearance ; figure. 

Not no mon so muchel of pine. 
As povre wif that falleth in ansine. 

Dame Sirith. 

Yor^is of ow non so kene 

That durre abide mine onsene. 

The Rule and the Ny^tingaU, L 1694. 

Anslacht, "I ». {Germ.) A sud- 
ANSLAioHT, J dcn attack ; a sur- 

I do remember yet, that anslaight, thou 

wast beaten. 
And fledst before the butler. 

Beaum. and Fl., Mons. Thomas, ii, 2. 

Anslet, V, (Fr, ?) An article of 
dress in the latter part of the 
14th cent. Some MSS. of Chau- 
cer read hanselines. 

Upon that other syde, to speke of the 
horrible disordinat scantnes of clothing, 
as ben these cuttid sloppis or anslets, 
that thurgh her schortnes ne covereth 
not the schamfol membre of man, to 
wickid entent. Chaucer, Fersones T. 




ANsauAKE, 1 V, To answer. MSS, 
ANsauEB, J of loth and beginning 

qf 16/ A cent, 
Anstond, v. To withstand. Rob. 

Ansubeb, 8, An answerer. 
Answer, (1) v. To encounter at a 


(2) To answer a door, to open 
it when any one knocks. 

(3) a. Retaliation ; requital. 

Ant. (1) Am not. Devon, 
(2) conj. And. Common in MSS. 
of the reign of Edward II. 

The lylie lossum is ant long, 
With liche rose ant rode among. 

Lyric Poetry, p. 83. 

Aktem, s, (I) A church. A cant 
word. An antem-morte, " a wyfe 
maried at the church e, and they 
be as chaste as a cow." Brii. 
Bibl., ii, 520. 
(2) An anthem. 

Antbfast, «. {Lat,) A tasting be- 

Antbphne, 8, An antiphon. 

Antepone, V, {Lat,) To prefer ; to 
set before. 

Anteb. See Aunter, 

Antebs, (1) conj. In case that. 

(2) 8, Adventures. North. See 

Ante-tkme, 8, A text or motto 
placed at the head of a theme or 
discourse. Skelton, 

Antevebt, v. {Lat,) To avert. 

Antgate, 8, An occasion. Skinner, 

Anth. And the. North. 

Anthont-nut, a. The bladder-nut, 

Anthont-fio, a. The favourite or 
smallest pig of the litter. Kent, 
** To follow like a tantony pig/' 
to follow close. The friars of 
certain convents of St. Anthony, 
in England and France, are said 
to have enjoyed the privilege of 
having their swine feeding in the 

streets. These would follow any 
one for food; and it was con- 
sidered an act of charity and 
relif^ion to feed them. St. An- 
thony was invoked for the pig. 

Anthony's-fibb, a. A kind of 

Anthropomancy, a. {Gr.) Divi- 
nation by the entrails of men. 

Anthropophaginian, adj. A 
high-sounding word put by 
Shakespeare in the mouth of a 
swaggerer. Merry Wivea of 
Windsor t iv, 5. 

Anticifately, adv. By anticipa- 

What our Lord did intend to bestow on 
all pastors, that he did anticipately pro- 
mise to him. 

Barrow, Of the Popes Supremaqf. 

Antic K, (1) adj. Old. 

(2) An antimasque. Ford'a 
Works, t, 440. 

Antickly, adv. In an antick man- 

Go antickly, and shoM' an outward hideous- 
uess. Much Ado about Nothing, v, i. 

Anticks, 8. (1) Odd imagery and 

All bar'd with golden bendes, which were 

With curious antickes, and full fayre 

aumayld. Sp., F. Q., II, iii, 27. 

(2) Actors are sometimes termed 

Antike, adj. Grotesque. 
A foule deform'd, a brutish cursed crew. 
In body like to antike work devised 
Of monstrous shape, and of an ugly hew. 

Harr., Jriost., vi, 61. 

Anticob, "I #. a swelling on a 
ANTocow, J horse's breast, oppo- 
site to the heart. 

Antidotary, adj. Having the 
qualities of an antidote. 

Antibnts, a. Ancestors. 

Antilloquib, «. {Lat,) A preface; 


Therefore I will rehearse to this antilloqnie. 
But only the cognisaunce which appearetli 

Holmes's Fall of Rebellion, p. 7. 




ANTiMAsauB, 8. A contrast to the 
principal maaquey a ridiculous 
interlude, dividing the paiiis of 
the m(M*e serious masque. It 
appears to have been distinguish- 
ed by extravagance, and was 
usually performed by actors hired 
from the theatres ; whereas the 
masque itself was more usually 
acted by ladies and gentlemen. 
It resembled the exodia of the 

Let anti-masks not be long, thevhave 
been commonly of fools, satyrs, baboons, 
wild men, antiques, beasts, spirits, 
witches, £thiops, pigmies, tiirquets, 
nymphs, rustics, capids, statuas moving, 
and the like. As for angels, it is not 
comical enough to put them in anti- 
masks ; and any thing that is hideous, as 
devils, giants, is on the other side as 
unfit. But cliiefly let the musick of 
them be recreativ^ and with strange 
changes. Some sileet odours suddenly 
coming forth, without any drops falling, 
are in such a company, as there is steam 
and heat, things of great pleasure and 
refreshment. Bacon, Essay 87. 

ThesL What are you studying of Jocastus, 

Jo. A rare device, a masque to entertaine 
His grace of Fairy with. 
Thest. A masquer what i'st? 
Jo. An anti-masque of fleas, which. I have 

To dance currantos on a spider's thread. 
Mop. An anti-masgue of fleas? brother, 

me thinks 
A masque of birds were better, that could 

The morice in the ayre, wrens and rob- 

bin -redbreasts, 
Linnets, and titmice. 

Bandolph*s Amintas, 1640. 

Antinomies, 8, Rules or laws op- 
posite to some other rules or 
laws deemed false and having no 

Antioche, *. A kind of wine, per- 
haps brought, or supposed to be 
brought, from Antioch. 

Antioche and bastarde, 
Pymeut also, and garnarde, 

Squyr of Lowe DegrS, 757. 

Antiperistasis, 8. (Cr.) Ex- 
plained as " the opposition of a 
contrary quality, by which the 

qualityitopposes becomes height- 
ened or intended.'' Used by 
Ben Jon8on, 

Antiphoner, 8, {A.'N.) A kind 
of psalm-book, containing the 
usual church music, with the 
notes marked, and so called from 
the alternate repetitions and re- 

Antiphons, «. {Gr.) Alternate 


In antiphons thus tune we female plaints. 

0. PI., vii, 497. 

Antiquary, adj. Old; ancient; 


Instructed by the antiquary time, 
He must^ he is, he cannot hut be wise. 
Troilus and Cressida, ii, 3. 

Antique, fld)". Ancient, Accented 

on the first syllable. 

Show me your image in some dntiguehook, 

Shakesp., Sonn., 59. 

Not that great champion of the antique 
world. Spen., 1, xi, 27. 

Antiquity, s. Old age. 

Antle-beer, adv\ Crosswise ; irre- 
gular. Exmoor, 

Antling. a corruption of Anto- 
nine, a saint to whom one of the 
churches in London is dedicated, 
which is often called Si, AnU 
ling*8 by the older writers. 

Anto. If thou. Yorksh, 

Antpat, adj. Opportune ; apropos. 

Antre, (1) ». {LaU antrum,) A 

cavern, or den. 

Wherein of antres vast and desarts idle, 
Rough quarries, rocks, and hills whose 

lieaiis touch heaven, 
It was my hint to speak. 

Shakesp.f Othello^ i, 8. 

(2) V, To adventure. See 

ksTRESs^, pr€st,t. He adventures. 

Antrums. Affected airs ; whims. 
**A*s in as antrums this morn- 
ing." Sufolk and Chesh. The 
more usual expression is tan" 

Antul. An thou wilt; if thou 
wilt. Yorksh, 




Ant-wart, ». A sort of wart, de- 
scribed in the Nomenclator{lbSb) 
as being deep-rooted, broad be- 
low, and little above. 

Antwhile, adv. Some time ago. 

Anty-tump, #. An ant-hill. Here/. 

Anual, *. {Lat) A chronicle. Ri- 

Anxtoder, adj\ Another. North, 

Anuel, 9. (A.'N.) An annuity; 
particularly one paid to a priest 
for keeping an anniversary. 

And henten, gif I mighte, 
An anuel for myne owen use. 
To helpen to clothe. 

Piers PI, p. 475. 

Anunder, l/?r^.(-<^.-5.) Beneath. 

ANONDER, J Cumb, To keep any 

one at anvndert to keep them 

in a subordinate or dependent 


Ten.schypmen to londeyede, 
To se the yle yn lengthe and brede. 
And fette water as liem was nede 
The roche anondyr. 

Octonan Imperator, 650. 

AnvvT, prep. Opposite; against. 
This old word exists in Lowland 
Scotch, and is current in the 
dialects of Yorkshire, Cheshire, 
Herefordshire, Shropshire, Wilt- 
shire, and Worcestershire. 

Anuost. Near to. West, See 
JenningSi p. 185. 

Anurf, V, To honour. 

Anurthe, adv. On the earth. 

Anuy, «. {A,'N.) Annoyance ; vex- 

And to the contri that %t beoth of, 
Suthe ^e schuUe wende, 
Al eselich witUoate tk^uVt 
And there yonre lyf ende. 

Jf^.ifarZ.. 2277, f. 46 b. 




Moch me antieth 
Tliat mi drivil druith. 

Reliq. Antiq., U, 210. 

Hio was alle the court anyed, 

Rjh. of Gloucester, p. 53. 

^' \v,{A.'N.) To an 
'* I to trouble ; to vex. 


annoy ; 

Ac mi loverd witeth mi soule wel. 
That Ihu hire nojt ne spiUe, 
For thu ne mi^t mid al thi mijte 
Anuye hire worth a fille. 

if5. floW.. 2277, f. 86 b. 

For thai hadde the country anuwed. 
And with robberie destrwed. 

Sevyn Sages, 2618. 

Alisanndre anmed was ; 
Over the table he gon stoupe, 
And smot LiHas wuh the coupe. 
That he feol duun in the flette. 

Kyng Alisaunder, 1102. 

Anvelt, 1 ». (^.-5.) An anvil. 
ANViLD, J See Anfeeld, 

Upon his anvelt up and downe, 
Therof he toke the ftrste Bowne. 

Dreme of Chaucer, 1165. 

And in eche hande a greate hamer, 
and therwith they smyte upon a an- 
tilde. Virgilius, p. 26. 

Anvempne, V, To envenome. 
Coventry Mysteries, p. 75. 

Anvil, ». (1) The handle or hilt 

of a sword. Shakesp. 

(2) A narrow flag at the end of 

a lance. Meyrick, 
Anwarpe, V, To warp. Minsheu, 
Anweald, 8. (A,'S.) Power ; au- 
thority. Skinner, 
Anword, 8, (A,'S.) An answer ; a 

reply. Verstegan, 
Anxiferous, adj, (Lat.) Causing 

Anv, adj. Either; one of two, or 

of more. 
Antnoe, "I ». (j4.'S,) Union. See 

ON YNGE, J Ane, 
Any SOT, *. A fool. Prompt. Pare, 
Anythink. Anything. " Like 

anythink agen," exceedingly. 

Anywhen, adv. At any time. " I 

can come anywhen after this 

Anywhile, adv. At any time. 
Anywhither, adv. To any place. 

Dor. Do you forbid'his coming, or I go. 

Aunt. Go? whither? 

Dor. Auijtchither, madness ne're wants a 

Mountfort, Greenwich Park, 1691. 




kouKSKjt^ pari, p. Adorned. 

So that he that tofore wente clothed in 
clothes of golde and of sylke, and 
aommti wyth precyons atones in the 
cyt6. nUt Futrwa, f. 86. 

AoT, adv. High. Gltme. 

Apatb, 1 V. {J.'N.) To piy, sa- 
APPAT, J tisfy, or content. " Well 
apaid^ glad; ill t^aid, sorie.*' 
Rider* 8 DietUmarie, 1640. 

Therwith was Perkyn apajfed. 
And preised hem faste> 

Fiers FhugknunL, p. ISS. 

Till thon have to my trusty ear 

Committed what doth thee so ill' apay. 

Spens., Dapkuaida, 69. 

So only can high justice rest appaid. 

Milton, P. L., xii, 401. 

Th' nnweloome newes seeme welcome to 

his eares, 
And yet he wishes they awhile had staide; 
That the vil'd deed is done, he glad ap- 

Yet in hte gladnes, he seemes ill apaid. 

Great BriUdties Troye, 1609. 

Apaise, adv. In peace. 

Tlio thai were al at aise, 
Ich went to his in apaise. 

Arthour and Merlin, p. 87. 

Apalid, part, p. Depressed ; dis- 
couraged ; appalled. 

Apalled, part. p. Wearisome; 


Tlianne cometh nnderocionn thnrgh 
which a man is so blunt, and as saith 
seint Bernard, he hath such a langour 
in soule, that he may neyther rede ne 
synve in holy cliirc'he, ne heere ne 
thiiike on devocionn in holy rhirche, 
ne travayle with his hondes In no good 
werk, that nys to him unsavory and al 
apalled. Chaucer^ Penones T. 

kv AH J prep. Upon. 

Aparine, 8. (Fr.) The name of a 

plant ; clivers. 
Apabsbive, V, To perceive. 

The burgeis aparseived of his wive, 
Vele nightes was gon him fram, 
And in the dawivine ayen sche cam. 

Tke ^etyn Saget, 1. 1434. 

Aparti, adv. Partly. 

Afartlie, adv. {A.-N,) Openly. 

Monastic LetterSy p. 179. 

Apatere, •. {A,'N,) To impair. 


Ape, (1) V. To attempt? 

And that sche nere so michel ape 
That sche hir laid doun tn slape. 

Jrtkour and Merlin, p. 82. 

(2) 8. A fool. To put an ape 
into a person's hood or cap, or, 
to put on his head an ape, to make 
a fool of him. Tyrwhitt con- 
. siders " win of ape," in Chaucer, 
to he what the French called 
vm de 8inge, 

Haha ! felaws, be war for such a jape. 
The monk put in tke mannes hood an ape, 
And in his wyres eek, bv Seint Austyn. 

Ckaueir, Cant. T., 14850. 

Thus was the ape 

By their fiBor handling put into MHlherco's 
cape. Spenser, F. Q., Ill, ix, 81. 

And thns sche maketh Absolon hir ape. 
And al his emest torneth to a jape. 

Ckaueer, Cant. T., 3389. 

To lead apes in hell, said of a 

viroman who lives and dies 


I must dance barefoot on her wedding-day. 

And, for your love to her, lead apes in hell. 

ShaJtesp., Taming of Shrew, it, 1. 

But *tis an old proverb, and you know it 

That women, dying maids, lead apes in hell. 

London Prodigal, i, 3. 

Not to know an ape from an 

applet to be very ignorant. 

Calculated accnnling to art for the 
meridian of England j and may, without 
sensible error, serve for any other coun- 
try besides, where they do understand 
an ape fnm an apple, or a B from a bat- 
tledore. Poor Robin, 17U7. 

To say an ape^s paternoster , to 

chatter with cold. 
Apece, a corruption of abece. 

The alphabet. Prompt, Parv. 

Apechbd, /Hir/. p. Impeached. 

And asone as he came, he was arested 
and apeched of hye treysone, thut he 
Bchuld heJpe the erle of Oxeuforde. 

fTarkwortk's Chronicle, p. 25. 

Apeire, o. (^.-iV.) To impair. See 


And thanne yonre negheborea next 
In none wise apeire. Piers PI., p. 11. 




Apel, s. {A -N,) An old terra in 
hunting masic,consisting of three 
long moots. 

Apelyt, part. p. Called ; named. 

Apende, v. {A.'N.) To append ; 

to appertain ; to belong. 

Thas the pore peple is ransnunde. 
They say snche parte t'em should apende. 
Plowman's Tale, 1. 26U5. 

Apenione, 8. Opinion. 

Apere, v. To appear. 

Aperement, a. An injury ; a mis- 
chief. •* Aperementy pejoracio," 
Prompt, Parv., MS.Harl, 221. 

Apbrn, «. An apron. Appam is 
still the form in Shropshire, ap- 
peron or appren in the Northern 

Apernbr, a. One who wears an 
apron ; a drawer at an inn. 

We have no wine here, methinks ; 
Where's this apemer ? 

Chapman's May Day, 1611. 

A-per-se. See A. 

Apert, adj, (A.'N.) (1) Open; 


(2) Bold; free; pert. 
Aperte, ». (A,'N, aperte,) Conduct 

in action. 

For whiche the kyng hym had ay after in 

Conayderyngwell his knightly apertS. 

Hardyng'a Chronicle, f. 198. 



Apbrtion, 8, (Lat,) A passage ; an 

Apertnbss, 8, Frankness; open- 

Apert, 8. An ape-house. 

And vow to ply thy b oke as nimbly as 
ever thou didst thy master's apery, or 
the hauty vaulting horse. 

Apollo Shroving^ 1627, p. 93. 

Apbsen, V, {A.-N.) To appease. 
Apetitbly, adv. With an ap- 
Ape- WARD, 8. A keeper of apes. 

Nor I, quod an ape-tcard, 
By augut that I kan knowe. 


XJHE, j (^ .^ ) Openly. 

Apetre, v. (Lat.) To open. 

Apeyrement, a. (A.-N.) Injury, 

Apeyringbs, a. Losses. 

A-PicKPACK, adv. Astride on the 

back. See A-pigga-back. 

Tliere's a speech for you, shou'd you 
make such a one in the senate house, 
ve sliould have you brought home 
a-pickpack in triumph. 

Flora's Vagaries, 1670. 

Apiecb, adv. To each. North. 

Apieces, adv. To pieces. Suff^. 

Nay, if we faint or fall apieces now. 

We're fools. 

Beaum. and Fl., Island Frincess, v, 1. 

Apies, a. Opiates. 

As he shall slepe as long as er the leste. 
The narcotikes and apies ben so stronj;. 
Chaucer, Leg. of Hypermnestra, 109. 

A-PIGGA-BACK, adv. Carrying a 
child on one's back, with his 
legs under the arms, and his 
arms round the neck. Var. dial. 

Apis, a. A kind of apple-tree, in- 
troduced about the year 1670. 

Apishness, a. Playfulness ; game- 

Apistillb, ?. An epistle. 

A-pisTY-POLL, adv. Carrying a 
child with his legs on the shoul- 
ders, and arms round the head. 

A-place, adv. In place. Gower. 

A-PLAT, adv. Fiat down. 

Aplight, adv. (A.-S.) Certainly; 

truly ; entirely. 

Hidur thei come be mone-lijt, 
Eete therof wel apli^t. 

K. Edward and the Shepherd. 

Nou is Edward of Carnarvan 
King of Eugeloiid al aplyht. 

Folilical Songs, p. 249. 

Tlie child yede to bedde anight. 
And ros arlirhe amorewen apliqhl. 

Sevyn Sages {.Weber), 203. 

Aplustre, a. {Lat.) The small flag 

of a ship. 
Aplyn, a. pi. (A.'S.) Apples. 
Apock, a. A small red pimple. 

Apodytery, 8, {Gr.) A vestry. 




Apotnt, adv. At point. 
Apoison, V, To poison. 
Apollo, s. A name for a ban- 
queting room. 

We moved slowly towards the sultan's 
psillace, all the way passing tlnoujrli a 
ranck or file of archers and umsquciiers 
on either side doubled, and being 
alighted, usherd him into his Jpfflo, 
where upon rich carpets was pluc'd a 
iieat and costly banqnet. 

Herberi's Travels, 1688. 

Apologbtik,».( GrArroXoyriTiKOQ.) 
An apology. 

Apon, prep. Upon. 

Aponted, adj. Tainted. Dorset. 

Apopuak, 8. A kind of herb, men- 
tioned in the ArchiBoLt XXX, 404. 

Aporet, pari. p. {A.-N.) Made 
poor ; reduced to poverty. 

Aposen, ». To demand. This word 
occurs in Skinner's Etymolo- 
ffion, 1671. 

Apostata, a. (Lat,) An apostate. 

Apostem, *. (Gr.) An abscess. 

A joyful casual violence may break 
A dangerous apostem in tbv breast. 
Donne's Progress of the ^l, ii, 479. 

A medicine or salve that maketh an 
aposteme, or draweth a swelling to mat- 
ter. Notnenclator, 1585. 

ApostematioNi 8. An impos- 

Aposthumb, 8, An imposthume. 
Prompt. Parv. 

Apostilheed, 8, Apostleship. 

Apostille, 8. (Lat,) A marginal 

Apostle-spoons, «. Spoons of sil- 
ver gilt, the handle of each termi- 
nating in the figure of an apostle. 
They were the usual present of 
sponsors at christenings; rich 
sponsors gave the whole twelve ; 
those in middling circumstances 
gave four ; while the poorer sort 
often contented themselves with 
the gift of one, which bore the 
figure of some saint in honour 
of whom the child received its 
name. It is in allusion to this 

custom, that, when Cranmer pro- 
fesses to be unworthy of being 
sponsor to the young princess, 
the king replies, "Come, come, 
my lord, you'd spare your 
apoorui" Shakesp.f Hen. Vllly 
V, 2. 

And all this for the hope of two apostl^ 
spoons, to suffer! and a cup to eat a 
caudle in ! for that will be thy legacy. 
B. Jons., Barth. Fair, i, 3. 

Apostolionb, 8, An ingredient, 
apparently a herb, mentioned in 
an old medical MS. In another 
there is a long recipe to make an 
apostolicone^ composed of frank- 
incense, alum, &c. 

Apostrofation, *. Apostrophe. 

Apozeme, *. {Gr. aTro^c/ia, a de- 
coction.) A drink made with 
water and divers spices and 
herbs, used instead of syrup. 

Appaire, \v. (J.'N.) (1) To 

appeyre, J impair, make worse, 

or bring to decay. 

His neygheboures ful of envy, his 
feyned freendes that seniede recoun- 
siled, and his fiatereres, mnden sem- 
blaunt of wepyng, and appaired and 
aggrcgged moche of this niatiere, in 
preisyng gretly Melib6 of might, of 
power, of riclies, and of frendes. de- 
spisinge the power of his adversaries. 
Chancer, T. of Melibeus. 

What mendeth it you though that we both 
apaire f Chaucer, Tr. jr Cr., lib. ii, 1. 829. 

So well it maye with rethorike tcrmes 
fay red, 

Wliiche by my simplenes 1 would not war 
appaired. Harding's Chron.y f. 51. 

Gentlewomen, which feare neither 
Sonne, nor winde, for appairing their 

Sir Thomas Elyofs Governor, p. 61. 

But if 1 should so presume, I might 
apayr it; for it was right wei and 
connyngly made, and tiatislatyd into 
ryght good and fkyr EngUshe. Ccjrtun. 

Himself goes patched like some bare cot- 

Lest he might ought the fature stock 

appeyre. Bp. Hall's Sal., iv, 2. 

(2) To be bronght to decay. 




All tLat lyveth afpayreth faste. 

Hawkins's Old Plays, i, 88. 

He was of honest conversacion and 
pure iutegritie, no kiiower of evil, and 
a keper of all goodnes, a dispiser of al 
tbynges wliycli were wonte to cause 
the myndes of mortal] menne to slyde 
or appaire. Hall, Edward IV, fol. 34. 

Appale, 1 V, To turn anything to 
APPALLS, J a pale colour. 

Hire liste not appalled for to be, 
Hot on the morwe unfestliche for to see. 
Chaucer, Cant. T., 10679. 

Appallb.v. (.<^.-iV.) To discourage; 
to terrify ; to appease : it is also 
used as a neuter verb, to be 
terrified; to grow mild; to be- 
come weak ; to fail. 

This discomfiture so amazed the wittes, 
and appalled the hartes of the meane 
Gascons, that thei offered many tounes 
to the French part. 

HalVs Chron., Henry VI, f. 79. 

— — her misshaped parts did them appall, 
A loathly, wriukJed hag. 

Spenser, F. Q., I, viii, 46. 

And to the cuppe ay took Iheede and cure 
Jror that the dxyuke appalle sholde uoglit. 


Whiche never shall appallen in my minde, 
B^ always fresh been in myne meniorie. 
Prologue to Utorie of Thebes. 

Apfalement, 8. Consternation. 

Apparaile, v. (A,'N,) To equip ; 
to furnish. 

Appabancie, «. {A.'N.) Appear- 

Whose fained gestures doe entrap our youth 
With an apparancie of simple truth. 

Browne's Brit. Past., i, song 2. 

Apparate, «. Apparatus. 
Apfarator, «. {Lat.) A Serjeant; 
a beadle. 

Bailiffs, promoters, jailors, and apparators. 
The Muses Looking-glass, i, 1. 

Afpareil,«. {A.'N.) a word which 
Skinner inserts in his glossary of 
law terms, with the following 
explanation : ** Integra rationum 
Bobductio, item summa totius 
debiti, quae rationibus subscribi 
solet." The sura at the bottom 
of an account, which is still due. 

Apparementes, 8, pi. Ornaments. 

Apparence, 8, {A.'N.) An appear- 

That is to sayn, to make illusion 
By swiche an apparence or jujclerie. 

Chaucer, Cant. T., 11577. 

Apparented, part. p. Made appa- 
rent. Holinshed. 

Appariblynge, 8. A symbolical 
meaning ; an allegory. 

To thys ordre croune bet 

Ys an appamhlynge, 
Thet hys in holy cherche y-cleped wel 

The furste scherynge 

Of clerke ; 
Gierke hys to segge an Englysch, 

Eyr or Godes werke. W. de Shoreham. 

Apparysshande, adj. Apparent; 
brilliant. Cox ton. 

Apparitions, s. (A.-N.) Appear- 
ances. Applied especially to the 
appearance, or supposed appear- 
ance, after death, of departed 
spirits; yet sometimes, as in 
Shakespeare, understood literally. 

As this wicked people were strangers to 
tlieir Grod in their conversation, so was 
Gud grown a stranger to them in his 

Bishop HalVs Contemplations, p. 3. 

1 have mark'd 

A thousand blushing apparitions 
To start into her face. 

Much Jdo about Nothing, iv, 2. 

Appase, adv. Apace ; in pace. 

An actuarie, clarke or scribe, tljat wri- 
teih ones wordes appase as they are 
spoken. Kumenclator, 1585. 

Appassionate,v. To have a passion 

Appassionated, adj. Violently 

stedfast; obstinate. 

The said Grower remained appassionated 

in the o])inion of the Pope's supremncy. 

Letter in Strype's Annals, iii, 135. 

Appeach, V, (A.-N. apescher.) To 
impeach; to accuse. 

Bifore this yonge prophete this preost go 

And he him apeched sone, with chekes wel 

pale. Susan, st. xxiv. 

Now, by mine honour, by my life, my troth, 
I will appeach the villain. 

K. Richard II, y, 3. 




Georsre Armstronge was pardoned to the 
ende lie sboulde appeache the residue, 
whirh he did. 

Hulinshed's Hist, of Scotland, p. 441. 

Appearance, s. An apparition ; a 
vision. The word in this sense 
occurs in Rider's Dictionaries 

Appecementes, ». Impeachments. 

Appeyre. See Appaire. 

Appeirement, 8. (A.-N.) An im- 
pairing; diminution. 

To the grete appeirement of his most 
roynlle estate, and enpoverisshyng of 
hyra and alle his true commons and 
subjettis, and only to the enncliynsre of 
themself. MS. Jshm., 1160. 

Appel-leaf, •. {A.'S. CBppeUleaf.) 

The violet. 
Appelye, adv. Haply. 

Appelen, I, /.(^..5.) Apples. 
appelyn, J "^ / «-«- 

the mo appelen the tree bcreth, the 

more sche boweth to the folk. 

Romance of the Monk, MS., fol. 2 b. 

Appellacion, 8. {A.'N.) An ap- 
peal from an inferior to a supe- 
rior court. 

This sentence shall never be repelled, 
ne it may not be appalled, for the 
appellacyon shall never be receyved. 

Golden Legend, fol. 5. 

Appeluns, 8. A dish made of apples 
and other ingredients. See a 
receipt for making it in Warner, 
Antiq, Culin., p. 89. 

Appende, v. {A.-N.) To belong ; to 

appertain to. See Apende. 

Tel me to whom, madame, 
That tresour appendetk. 

Fiers Fl, p. 17. 

Appene, V. To happen. Wark- 
worth's Chron., p. 2. 

Appennaoe, 8. (Mr.) That which 
is set apart by princes for the 
support of their younger children. 

Apperceive, v. (A.'N.) To per- 
ceive. See Aperceive. 

Apperceiving, 8. Perception. 

Afpere, v. (A.-N.) To deck out j 
to apparel. See Appaire. 

Apperil, 8. Peril. Middleton and 

Ben Jonson. 

Let me stay at thine apperil. 

Timon ofJthens, i, 3. 

Appertainment, 8. The circum- 
stance of appertaining to. 

AppERTiNAUNT,/;flr/. fl. Belonging 
to. An astrological term. 

Appertyces, 8. {A.-N.) Dexteri- 

Crete strokes were smyten on botlie 
sydes, many men overt hrowen, hurte, 
and slayn. and grete valyaunces, prow- 
. esses and appertyces of werre were that 
day shewed, whiclie were over long to 
recounte the noble feates of every man. 
Morte d^ Arthur, i, 1 45. 

Appese, v. (A.-N) To pacify. To 
appese one's self, to become paci- 

And Tullius saith : Ther is no thing so 
comendaiile in a gret lord, as whan he 
is debonaire and meeke, and nppesxth 
him lightly. Chaucer, T. ofMdibeus. 

Appetence, 8. {Lat. uppeteniia.) 


Appetite, v. To desire ; to covet. 

As matire appetifith forme alwaie. 
And from forme into forme it pussin maie. 
Hypsipylc and Medea, 215. 

Appetition, 8. {Lat. appetitio.) 
Desire for anything. 

Appetize, v. To provoke an appe- 
tite for food. North. 

Appety, 8. Appetite ; desire. 

Appiert, adj. Open ; public. See 

Appignorate, v. {Lat. appignoro.) 
To put in pawn ; to pledge. 

Such bibliopolists are much to blame, 
When a g(K)d author's dead, t' abuse his 

name ; 
These tricks they play and act without 

For money they'll appignorate their soul. 
SaiyricaU Poems, \t^. 

kvvLR, V. To bottom, or root firmly, 
in the ground. " The turnips do 
not apple.** 

Apple- bee, 8. A wasp. Comw. 

Apple-biro, 8. A chaffinch. Comw» 




Apell-bter, 8, A dealer in apples. 

Here ia Glyed Wolby of Gylforde squyere, 
Andrewe of Habyngedon apell-bytr. 

Cocke Lorelles Bote, 

Apple-drone, «. A wasp. West. 

Apple-orat, adj. Dapple grey. 

His head was troubled in such a bad plight, 
As though his eyes were apple-gray. 
King and a Foore Northeme Man, 1640. 

Apple-hoglin, 8. An apple turn- 
over. Suffolk, It is made by 
folding sliced apples with sugar 
in a coarse crust, and baking 
them without a pan. 

Apple-jack, «. An apple turnover. 

Apple-john, '«. An apple, which 
will keep two years, and conse- 
quently becomes very withered. 

I am wither'd like an old apple-John. 

2 Hen. IV, iii, 3. 

Tis better than the pome-water or apple- 
John. 0. Fortun. Anc. Dr., iii, 192. 

Nor John-apple, whose wither'd rind, en- 

By many a furrow, aptly represents 
Hecrepifil age. FMUxpt, Cider, b. i. 

Apple-moise, 8. (1) Cider. 

(2) A dish composed of apples. 
See ApptUmoy. 

Applen, 8, pi. Apples. 

Apple-pear, 8. A kind of pear, 
perhaps the tankard pear. 

Apple-pie-bed. A common trick 
in schools. The bed is arranged 
somewhat in the fashion of an 
apple-turnover, the sheets being 
doubled so as to prevent any one 
from getting at his length be- 
tween them. 

Apple-pie-order, 8. Anything in 
very great order. 

Apple-pips, 8, Divination by apple- 
pips: To ascertain whether her 
pretended lovers really love her 
or not, the maiden takes an apple 
pip, and naming one of her fol- 
lowers, puts the pip in the fire; if 
it cracks in bursting from the 
heat, it is a proof of love, but if 
it is consumed without noise, she 
is fully satisfied that there is no 

real regard in that person towards 
her. Davy*8 MS, 

Appleplex, 8, The apoplexy. De- 

Apples-of-love, 8. The fruit of a 
foreign species of nightshade, said 
to be an aphrodisiac. 

Apple-squire, 8. This very popu- 
lar word was evidently used in 
more than one sense. An apple- 
squire was sometimes a kept 
gallant ; at others, a person who 
waited on a woman of bad cha- 
racter. The name was also applied 
to the person who fetched in the 
wine. Its most common signifi- 
cation appears to have been a 

Boyes which do attende upon commune 
harlottes, called apple-squires. 

Huloet's Abecedarium, 1552. 

Is Cupid fit to be an aple-squire, 

or /iltliy lust to take the loathsome hyre? 

The Newe Metamorphosis, MS. temp., J ac. 1. 

Is lechery wax'd scarce, is bawdry scant. 
Is there of whores or cuckolds any want ? 
Are whore-masters decai'd, are uU bawds 

Are panders, pimps, and apple-squires, all 

fled? Taylor's Works, 1630. 

Each bush, each bank, and each base apple- 
Can serve to sate their beastly lewd desire. 

HalVs Satires, i, 2. 

Aquariolus, festo, impudicarum mulie- 
rum sordidus assecla, iropvoSioKOvo^, 
Macquereau, rufieu. A ruftiiily knave : 
an apple-squire: a filthie una bawdie 
knave attending upon whores : a wittall 
that keepeth the doore whiles his wife 
is occupied. Nomenclator, 1585. 

His little lackey, a proper yong apple- 
souire, called Pandarus, whiche carneth 
the keye of his chamber with hym. 

Bullien's Dialogue, 1573. 

Apple-stucklin, 8. An apple- 
turnover. Hampshs 

Apple-terre, ». An apple orchard. 
Formerly used in Sussex, now 

Apple-twelin, ». An apple-turn- 
over. Norfolk. 

Apple-yard, 8. An apple orchard. 




Appliable, adj. Capable of being 

APPLIANCE) 8, An applieation. 
Appliment, «. Application. 
Applot, V, To plot ; to contrive. 
Apply, v. {A.^N.) To take a course 

towards ; to ply to ; to apply to. 

A nautical term. 
Affo, 8, An apple. Chesh. 
Appoast, V, {Fr,) To suborn. 


Appoint, v. To impute. 

Appointment, s. Preparation. 

Here art thou in appointment fresh and 

Anticipating time with starting courage. 
Troilus and Cressida, iv, 5. 

Appone, v. {Lat. appono.) To dis- 
pute with; to oppose in ar- 

Apposatle, 8. {A,'N.) Question ; 


Whan he went ont his enmies to assayle, 
Made unto her this uncouth apposayU. 

Bochas, b. v, c. 22. 

Appose, v. {A.-N.) To raise ques- 
tions ; to object; to dispute with; 
to examine. 

Tho the poeple hym apposede 
With a peny in the temple. 

Fiers Pi., p. 18. 

Apposition, 8. {Lat.) Annexation 

of substantives. A grammatical 


But this yonge childryne that gone to 
the scoie have in here Dunete this 
questione, how many thinges fallen to 
eppondon ? Ande it is answeride, that 
case alle only that is afalle. 

Qeita Somanorum, p. 472. 

Appositees, 8. Opposites ; anti- 
podes. Maundevile, 

Apprehension, 8, (Lat) Catch- 
ing ; laying hold of. 

Apprehensive, adj. {Lai.) Of 
quick conception. 

You are too quick, too apprehensive. 

Every Man out of kit Humour. 

Thou art a mad apprehensive knave. 

O. P., iv, 343. 

Appreiffe, t, {Fr.) Contrivance. 

Apprentice-at-lavf, 8. A coun- 
sellor, the next in rank under a 

Apprbst, 8. (Fr.) Preparation. 

All the winter following Vespasian Isie 
at Yorke, making his apprests against 
the next spring to go agninst the Scots 
and Picts. Holinsfied, Hist. Seot.t p. 48. 

Apprinze, 8. {Fr.) Capture. 

I mean not now th' apprinze of Pucell Jone. 
Mirrourf'jr Magistrates, ed. 1610. 

Apprise, 8. {A.-N.) Learning. 

Afproacher, 8. One who ap- 
proaches or draws near. 

Approbate, part, p, {Lat. apprO' 

batu8.) Approved ; approved of. 

HHvynj5 perfect confidence, and sure 
hope in the approbate fidelitie and 
constaunt integritie whiche I liave ever 
experimented. Hall, Edward IV, lol. 60. 
He utterly relused to receyve the 
crowne, except the law established by 
his father Kenneth for tlie succession 
therof were first confirmed and ap- 
Holinshed's Historic of Scotland, p. 227. 

Thomas carle of Lancaster was hanged and 

With sixteene barrons rooe in Edward the 
Second's dales ; 

The filthy demeanor that then was ap- 

I abhor to recite, they tooke such naughtie 
wayes. Holmes's Fall of Rebellion, p. 8. 

Approbation, «. (1) Approval; 

(2) A noviciate. 
Approchement, 8. Approach. 
Apprompt, v. To prompt. Bacon. 
Approof, 8. Approbation. 

So his approof lives not in 's epitaph, 

As in your roval speech. 

AWs Well that Ends WeU, i, 3. 
A man so absolute in my approof, 
Tliat nature haih leserv^d small dipnity, 
That he enjoys not. Cynthia*s Bevels. 

Appropinquate, 1 f>. {Lat.) To 
!, Jap 
come near. 

appropinque, J approach ; to 

Appropre, Ir. {A.-N. appro- 
APPROPER, jprier.) To appropri- 

The fyrst name is the sone of God, and 
these names ben appropryd toliym. 

Gulden Legend, f.7. 




The Evangelystcs dyd applye and 
ofproper that proplmne word Ecolesia 
to signify the wiioie contpany of christen 
peple. Sir T. More's iforks, p. 428. 

Approve, s, (Fr.) To justify ; to 
make good ; to bring proof of. 
Matabnm in likewise enderored her on 
the other syde to approve the said 

injury, bi hir cmuniiaed and pur- 

peosed. Heylas, p. 27. 

Appboveb, 8. (A,'N.) An in- 
former. A person who had the 
letting of the king's demesnes in 
small manors to the best advan- 
tage was tenned an approver. 

Appugnant, adj. {Lat.) Quar- 

Appulle, 8. An apple. 

Appulmoy, I 8, {J.-S.) A dish in 

APPULMOCE, > cookery, of which 

APPULMOS, J apples were the 

principal ingredient. **Jppulmo8f 

dishmete, pomacium." Prompt. 

Parv,, ed. 1499. 

Jppulmoy. — ^Tuke apples and seeth hem 
in water. Drawe hem thurgh a stynnor. 
Take almande mylke, and hony, and 
fleer of rvs, snfron, and powdor-fort, and 
salt; ana seeth it stondyng. 

Forme of Cury,\Zm. 

For to make appulmos. — Nym appelyn, 
and seth hcfm, and lat Item kele, and 
make hem thorw a clothe; and on 
flesch dayes kast thereto god fat breyt 
of bef, and god wyte grees, and sugar, 
and safron, and almande mylk ; on fysch 
dayes oyle de olyve, and gode pow- 
ders ; and senre it forthe. 

Cookery Receipts, 1S81. 

APTVY^Tit pari. p. {Fr.) Supported. 


Apraine, 8. An apron. 

Item, if any common woman were any 
apraine, she slml forfait liit, and make a 
jine after the custiime of the manor, 
&c. Regulatiotu of the Stews, 1 5M cent. 

Kpvlay BVTy part. p. Praised. Rob- 
8on*8 Romances, p. 14. 

Apres, 8. Cloth of Ypre8 in Flan- 
ders,famou8 for its woollen manu- 
facture, "j. cover of apre8 lynyd 
with lynen clothe." Sir John 
Fastolfe^ 8 Inventory ^ArchiBologia, 
zxi, 263., v. {Lat. aprieo.) To 

bask in the sun. 
Aprication, 8. Basking in the 

Apricity, 8. {Lat. apricitas.) The 

warmth of the sun. 
Apricock, 8. An apricot. West. 

See Abricock. 

Hop in his walks, and gambol in his eyes ; 
Feed him with apricocks and dewberries. 
Shakesp., Mids. iV. />., iii, 1. 

April-gowk, 8. An April fool. 

Aprii.led, adj. Applied to beer or 

milk which has turned, or is 

beginning to turn, sour: also to 

a person whose temper has been 

disturbed. Devon. 
Aprine, 8. {Lat.) A poison which 

was said to come from swine 

when mari8 appetentes. 
Aprise, 8. {A.-N.) (1) Learning. 

(2) An enterprise ; an adventure. 

On that other half is Darie, y-wis. 
Wroth and grim, and alle his. 
For Alisaunders gret aprise. 

K. AUsaunder, 1. 3529. 

Than sayd Lybeaus, Be seynt Jame, 
To save thys roayde fro schame, 
Hyt wer a fayr apryse. 

Lyb. Discon., 1. 594. 

Apron, *. (1) A hog's caul. East. 
(2) The fat skinny covering of 
the belly of a duck or goose. 

Apron-man, 8. A waiter. 

We had the salute of welcome, gentle- 
men, presently: Wilt please ye see a 
chamber? It was our pleasure, as we 
answered the apron-man, to see, or be 
very neare the roome where all that 
noise was. 

Rotoley's Search for Money, 1609. 

Aprove, V, To prove. See Ap- 

Aps, 8, {A.-S. <Bp8.) The asp or 
aspen tree. A word used in 
Warwickshire, and also in the 
South and West of England. 

Apsbn, {adj.) Of, or belonging to 
the asp tree. 

Apt, v. {Lat. apto.) To adapt ; to 
fit to; to render ti\iot Wi^\XC\\\v 




The symbols used, are not, neither 
ought to be, simply hieroglyphics, em- 
blems, or impreses, hat a mixed clia- 
racter, partaking somewhat of all, and 
peculiurly apied to these more magnifi- 
cent inventions. BenJonson. 

And some one apteth to be trusted then, 
Though never after. 

B. Jon., Forest. Ep., xii 

And here occasion apteth that we catar 
logue awhile. 

Warner's Albions Engl. 

Aptes, «. pL Aptitudes. 

Tliei han as well divers avtes, and divers 
maner usynges, and thilic aptes mowen 
in Mill ben cleped alfeccions. 

Chaucer, ed. Urry, p. 517. 

Apt-tinding, adj. Haying a ten- 
dency to ignite. 

If th' exhalation hot and oily prove, 
And yet (as feeble) giveth place above 
To th' airy regions ever-lasting frost, 
Incessantly th' apt-tinding fuuie is tost 
Till it inflame : then hke a squib it falls, 
Or fire-wing'd shaft, or sulp'hry powder- 
balls. Sylvester's DuBartas. 

Apurt, adj. Impertinent. Somer- 
set. Sullen, disdainfully silent. 

AvYKS, 8. pi. Apes. 

AauA-AcuTA, 8. (Lat.) A compo- 
sition of tartaric and other acids, 
formerly used, for cleaning ar- 

AauABOB, 8. An icicle. Kent. 

AauAKB,v. To tremble. 

AauAL, adj. Equal. North. 

AauAPATis, 8. A kind of pottage. 

Aquapatys. — Pil garlec, and cast it in a 
pot with water and oile, and seeth it. 
Do thereto safroii, salt, and powder- 
fort, and dresse it forth lioul. 

Forme of Cury,\Z^. 

Aaxj AT, adv. Sitting on the houghs. 

AauATiL, adj. {Lat.) Inhabiting 

the water. 
AauATORiES, 8. (Lat.) Watery 

places. An astrological term. 
AauA-viTiB, 8. {Lat.) A general 

term for ardent spirits. Irish 

aqiia-vitse was usquebaugh. 

AauA-viT^ MAN, 8. A Seller of 


Sell the dole beer to e^ua-vita men. 

Ben Jons., Alch., i, 1. 

A.QiVEiGTiTtpret.t. ofaquakef (from 
(J.'S. queccan.) Shook ; trem- 

The gleumen useden her tunge ; 
The wode aqueightte so hy sunge. 

Kyng Alisaunder, 5257. 

AauEiNT, (I) part. p. of aquenche. 

Quenched with water; destroyed. 

(2) Acquainted. 

Heo desirith nothyng more. 
Than to beo to you aqvoeynt. 

Kyng Alisaunder, 7596. 

AauEiNTABLE, adj. Easy to be ac- 
quainted with. 

kQjJv.ijijKS.v.{A.'S.acwellan.) To 

kill ; to destroy ; to vanquish. 

And her gref anon hem teld, 
Ilou Fortiger her king aquelJ. 

Arthour and Merlin, p. 16. 

And gif y schal be thus aqueld, 
Thurch strong hete in the feld. 
It were ogain the skille. 


AauENCHE, V. {A.-S. acioencan.) 

To quench ; to destroy. 

Nothing lie ne founde in al the ni^te, 
Wer-mide his honger aquenche mijtte. 

Beliq. Antiq., ii, 274. 

AauETONS, 8. Acquittance. Boke 
of Curtasye^ p. 25. 

AauiTE,v. (.^.-A'^) (1) To acquit. 

(2) To requite. 

He wole aqwyte us ryth wele oure mede. 
Coventry Mysteries, p. 336. 

(3) To pay for. 

Or if his winning be so lite. 
That his labour will not aquite 
Sttfficiauntly al his living. 
Yet may he go his brede begging. 

Romaunt of the Base, 6742. 

AauoiNTE, part. p. Acquainted. 

Rob. Glouc.f p. 465. 
AauoT, adj. Cloyed ; weary with 

eating. Devon. 

AauoT, adv. Coyly ; shyly. 

With that she knit her brows. 
And looking all aquoy. 

George Barnwell, 2d pt. 




An, (1) s. (J.-S.) A scar; a pock- 
mark. North. It is found in MSS* 
of the 15th cent. 

(2) 8. (A.-S. or,) An oar. 

(3) con;. Or. 

(4) prep. (A.-S. or, «r.) Before. 

Aboute mydnyght, ar the day. 

iyng Alisaunder, 844. 

AaACE, V. (A.'N.) To draw away 
by force. 

And in bir swoagh so sadly holditli ache 
llir children tuo, whan sche gau hem 

That with gret sleight and gret difficult^ 
The children from her arm they gonne arace. 
Chaucer, Cant. T., 8979. 

So that the remembraunce of tlieire 
pestylent erronrs were araced out of 
Englishe mennes heartes. 

Sir T. More's Worka, p. 355. 

. « . ^ * f *• The herb orach. 


Aradde, pret. i, of arede. Ex- 

Akafe, 8. Some kind of precious 

Hir paytrelle was of a rialle fyne, 
Hir cropur was of arafe. 

MS. Cantab., Uth cent. 

Arafte, pret. t. Struck ; smote. 

Araged, adj. Enraged. 

Araine, "I «. (A.-N.) A spider. 

arran, J Notts, and Northampt. 

Sweep th* arrans down, till all be clean, 

neer lin. 
Els he'l leauk all agye when he comes in. 
Yorkshire Dialogue, 1697. 

Araise, 1 

aretse, J 

Aranke, adv. In a row. 
Arapb, adv. {Lat.) Quickly. 

Over theo table he leop arape. 

Kyng Alisaunder, 4239. 

Aras, (1) pret. of arise. Arose. 

{2)8. pL Arrows. 

Arate, v. (A.-S.) To rate ; to scold. 

And foule v-rebuked. 
And arated of riche men 
That ruthe is to here. 


To raise. 

Thyng that a! the world woot, 
Wlierfore slioidestow spare 
To reil<m it in retorik 
To arate dedly syniit? ? 

Piers PI, p. 208. 

Ar AUGHT, pret. of areche. (1) 
Seized ; took away by force. 

In tliat forest woned an herd 
That of bestes loked an sterd. 
best him was araiufht ; 
Wide-war he hit Imdile i-songht. 

Seuyn Sages, 1. 895. 

(2) Struck, or seized by the 

Right bifor the doukes fet 

Gij araught him with a staf gret. 

Gg of fFarwike. p. 225. 

He aravght no man with a ryglit strook 
but he bare him doun to the erth. 

Jason, MS. 

(3) Reached. 

Klorice the ring here araw^t. 
And he him a^en hit breau^t. 

Florice and Blanchffiour. 

Arawe, adv. In a row. 
""rRKlvJ'-^^-^-Xl) Order. 

(2) Equipage. 

(3) Clothing. 

(4) Condition, or situation. 

All these different meanings of 
the word are found in Chaucer. 

Up ryst this jolyf lover Absolon, 
And him arrayeth gay at poynt devys. 

Chaucer, Cant. T., 3689. 

(2) To disT)ose; to afflict. 

(3) To defile. " I fyle or araye, 
je salis." Palsgrave. " I fyle or 
araye with myer, je emioue.** 

Arayned, part. p. Tied up by tlie 

Araynye, s. (A.-N.) Sand. 
Araysing, part. a. Advancing; 

Arber, (1) s. (A.-N.) An arbour; 

a grove of trees. 

And in the garden, as I wene. 
Was an arber fayre and grene. 
And in the arber was a tre, 
A fayrer in the world might none b«. 
Squyr of Lowe Degrt. 




(2) To make the arber, or arJjour^ 
a phrase in hunting, to disem- 
bowel the animal. The dogs 
are then rewarded with such 
parts of the entrails as are con- 
sidered to be ofTal. It is applied 
metaphorically to the embowel- 
ling of a traitor. 

Hubert. Not here, my lord, 
Let them be broken up upon a scaffold. 
*T will shew the better when their arhmr's 
made. Beaum. and ¥1. 

Arbbrie, 8, {A.'N.) "Wood. 

Arbbset, 8. {A,'N,) A strawberry 


Thou schalt fynde trowes two : 
Seyntes and holy they buth bo. 
Hygher than in othir contray all; 
Arbeset men heom callith. 

Kyng AHsaunder, 6765. 

Arbitrate, v, {Lat.) To deter- 
mine. Shakesp. 

Arbitrie, 8. {J.-N.) Judgment 

Arbitrement, 8. Arbitration. 

At length came certaine English, Scots, 

and Dutch, 
Wlio hetiring their contention grow so 

Would take upon them an arbiiiermenf. 
To make all friends: so unto cups they 


Rowlands, Knaves ofSp. /• D., 1613. 

Plod. Suppose one woman be indebted to 

another, what would you then determine? 

Breakb. Why, in that case, let her that 

is fairest and most beloved of men in 

commiseration forgive t'other. 

Clev. An arbitrament of love, you'll end it, 


Howard^ Man of Netmnarket, 1678. 

Arblast, 8. (A.-N.) An arbalest. 

But rise up your mangonel, 
And cast to their tree-ctistel, 
And shoot to them with arblast. 

Richard CoerdelAon, 1867. 

Arblastir, *. (A.-N.) (1) An 

arbalest, or cross-bow. 

(2) One who shoots with an 


Erles, barons and squyers, 
Bowmen and arbfastirs. 

Bichard Coer de Lion, 1810. 

Arboret, 8. A shrub. 

Arbour. See Arber (2). 

Arbouses, 8. The dark hard cherry. 

Arbusteo, adj. Filled with straw- 
berry trees. 

What pleasures poets fame of after death. 
In the Elizean arbusted groves. 

Cyprian Academy, 1647. 

Arc, «. A cinhus, or cloud in the 
form of a streak crossing the sky. 
Herefordsh, See Ark, 

Arcane, adj. {Lat.) Secret. 

Have I been disobedient to thy words ? 
Huve I bewray'd thy arcane secrecy ? 

Locrine, v, 5. 

Arcel, 8. Liverwort. Skinner. 
Arch. (1) A chief; a master. 

The noble duke, my master, 
My worthy arch and patron, comes t^ 
night. King Lear, ii, 1. 

(2) A piece of ground left un- 
worked. A term in mining. 

Archal, 8. Liverwort. PhUlip8. 

Archangel, 8. (1) The dead net- 

(2) A kind of bird. Rom. of the 
Rose, 915, where the original 
French is meaange^ a titmouse. 

Archarde, 8, An acorn. Prompt, 

ArcH'DBan, 8. Used by Gascoigne 
for archdeacon. 

For bishops, prelates, arch-deans, deans, 
and priestes. 

Steel. Glas. Chalm. Poets, ii, 558, a. 

Arc HDi ACRE, <. (A"N.) Anarch- 

Archer, 8. The bishop at chess 
was formerly so called. 

Archet, 8. An orchard. Wilt8. 

Archewives, 8. Wives of a su- 
perior order. 

Ye archewyves, stondith at defens, 

Syn ye ben strong as is a greet chamayle, 

>i e su&e not that men yow don offens. 

Chaueef, Cant. T., 9071. 

Archidecline. The name given 
to the master of the feast at the 
marriage in Cana. 




Archimastrte, 8. A term applied 
to chemistry, as the most im- 
portant of all sciences. Ash' 
mole*8 Theat. Chem, Brii.t p. 13. 

Architect, s. Architecture. 

To finde an house y-built for holy deed, 

With guodly architect and cloisters wide. 

Browne's Brit. FastoraU, 1625. 

Architemplks, 8, Chief temples. 
Rob. Giouc., p. 74. 

Archmastrie, 8. Arithmetic. 

Arch-pipe, 8. The throat. This 
word occars in Florio's New 
World of Words, 1611, p. 36. 

Arcubalister, 8. {Lat.) An arba- 
lester. - HoUfuhed. 

Ard, 1 adj. (1) High: used 
AiRD, [chiefly in the names of 
places. In Cumberland the term 
is used to describe the quality of 
a place, a country, or a field; 
thus, ard land means a' dry, 
parched, arid soil ; apparently a 
secondary sense, such lands being 
dry, parched, &c., only because 
they lie high. 
(2)' Hard. Rob. Ghuc. 

Ardelion, 8. (Lat. ardeUo,) A 
busv-bodv, a meddler. 

ArdelioM^ busie-bodies, as we are, it 
were much fitter ibr us to be quiet, sit 
■till, and take our ease. 

Burton, Anat. of Mel., 1, 250. 

Arden, 8, Fallow quarter. Cumb, 

• See Arders, 

Ardene, 8. An ordinance ; a com- 

Ardbntnesse, 8. Earnestness. 

Arder,«. a kind offish. Verstegan, 
in Elli8'8 Literary Letters, p. 108. 

Ardbrs, l<.(./^.-iS.) Fallowings or 

ARDOURS, J ploughiugs of grouud. 

And being in the towne, let him not 
eue to see any man therein, except it 
be in winter, or at such time as wheu 
his harvest is in, and his seede time 
and first arder be dispatcht, to the end, 
that by one and the banie meanes he 
may attend upon his causes in con- 
troversie. and goe about the getting in 
of his debts. 
Markh^mt Th» Counirie Fame, p. 27, 


Ardi, adj. Hardy. Ardiliche, 


Ardure, 8. (A.'N.) Burning. 

Are. (1) 8, An oar. 

His maister tlian tltai fand 
A hot and au are. 

Sir Tristrem, p. 158. 

(2) 8, A hare. 

(3) adv. Before. 

Ne seije y never are 
So wilde best v-wroueht. 

Sir Tristrem, \\ I, st. xUi. 

(4) V. To plough. Kersey gives 
this as a provincial form of the 
word. See Ere, 

(5) 8, An heir. 

(6) 8. {A.-S.) Honour; dignity. 

Pnme, he seyde, be Ooddys are. 
Haste any money thou woldvst ware ? 
Ritson's Fop. Poet., p. 70. 

(7) «. A note in music, the lowest 
but one in Guido's scale. 

(8) 8. {A.'S.) Mercy. 

Swete Ysoude, thin atv. 
Thou preye tlie king for me. 

Sir Tnstrem, p. 341. 

(9)8. An hour. Lane. 

^^^^^:.\v' i^'-S'Oradan.) To 
areed, > J I . , . ' 

' [ declare ; to explain. 

arede, J *^ 

Therefore more plain aread this doubtful 

Spenser, Daphnaida, 1. 182. 

And many perils dotli to us areed 
In that whereof we seriously entreat. 
Brayt., Moses B., ii, p. 1584. 

F. Sad swain aread, if that a maid may 

Wliat cause so great effects of grief hath 

wrought ? Brit. Faatorals. 

Areadiness, 8. Readiness. 
Aready, ready. 

Arear, adv. Upright. Kent. 

Arearage, 8. (A.'N.) The re- 
mainder of an unpaid account ; 
money unpaid at the time when 
due. Cowell says, '*it signifieth 
the remain of an account, or a 
sum of money remaining in the 
hands of an accountant." 

Areare, ^ adv. {A.-N.) Behind ; 
arrear, J in default. 




To tilt and tnrney, wreatle in the sand, 
To leave wit, speed Atlanta in arrear. 

Fair/. T., ii, 40. 

But when his force gnu faile, Iiis pace gan 
wex areare. Sp., F. Q., Ill, vii, 24. 

Areaut, 1 adv. Out of doors. 

RBAWT, J Yorksh. and Lane. 
Areche, V. (1) {A.'S. arecan, to 
declare.) To utter; to declare. 

But as sone as Beryn had pleyne know- 

That Ills eyen were y-lost, unneth he mycht 

word for pure angniyshe. 

Hut. of Beryn, 1. 2999. 

(2) (j4.-S. areccan, to explain.) 

Crist and Seint Stevene, 

Quoih Horn, areche thy su evene. 

K. Horn, 1. 668. 

(3) {A.-S. aracany to reach to.) 
To reach ; to attain. 

He that wyle further streche 

Tliau hys schetyn wyl areche. 

In the stran he chal'hys feet feche. 

HarL MS., No. 3362, fol. 4, r. 

On foot he was, and he on layde ; 
lilaiiye under hys hand ther deyde, 
Al that liys ax areche mvght, 
Hors and man he slowgh dounryght. 

Richard, I 7039, 

Areckelly, adv. Directly. /. of 

Arbddb, v. {A.'S. ahreddan.) To 

Arede, v. (A.'S. arcedan.) (1) To 

guess; to explain or interpret. 

See Aread. 

a tlionsand bugles of Ynde, 

And two thousand oxen, als I fynde ; 
Witliouten horses, withouten steden. 
Of wlticlie no man ne couthe areden 
The nomhre, hot the hevene kyng, 
That M'oot the sothe of al thing. 

K. Alisaunder, 1. 6115. 

To gease and arede upon his dark ridles. 
Sir T. More's Works, p. 615 

(2) To advise ; to give counsel to ; 
to apprize ; to give warning of. 
Peculiar to Spenser. 

Therefore to me, my trusty friend, arede 
Thy counsel: two is better than one head. 
Mother Hubberd's Tale, p. 6. 

^read, said lie^ which way did he make? 

F. «., V, i, 19. 

Aredoe, 8. The sharp edge of the 

angle. North. 
Aredilt, a^v. Easily ; readily. 
Aredy, adj. Ready. 

And that we hys mote aredy have, 
Lord, her at oure nede. 

William de Shoreham. 

Aredynes, s. Readiness. 
Areed» 8. Counsel ; advice. 
Arehthb, 8. (A.'S. yrhiS.) Fear. 

Ah neotheles, in one felde, 
Mid belde worde, an mid ilete, 
Deth his i-vo for arehthe swete. 

HuU and Nyghtingale, 1. 1704. 

Areight, pret. of areche. Struck. 
Areise, v. To raise. 

Ful wroth than that werwolf wax of that 

And bremlv his bristeles he ean tlio areise. 
William and the WertoolJ, p. 166. 

Are-lumes,9. Heir-looras. North. 

Arely, adv. Early ; soon. 

Aren, pre8t. of be. Are. 

Arendb, 8. {A.'S. arend.) An er- 
rand ; a message. 

Arengb, i adv. (A.-N.) On a row ; 

ARBNKy J in a series. ^^Arenge^ or 

arowe. Seriatim." Prompt. Parv. 

And ladde him and his mouekes 

Into a wel fair halle. 
And sette hem adouii arenk. 

And woBche here fet alle. 

St. Brandon, p. 12. 

Abenulous, a^. (Lat.) Full of 
fine sand. 

Arerage,*. (^.-M) Arrear. "The 
remain of an account, or a sum 
of money remaining in the hands 
of an accountant." Cowell. 

Arere, 1 ». {A.-S. araran.) To 
A rear, j raise ; to rear, as a horse. 

And yeve us grace goodnesse to lere 
Of ham that before us were, 
Crysteudom how they gonne arere. 

Octovian, I. 21. 

Arere, adv. (A.-N.) (1) Back- 
wards; behind. 

My blaspheming now have I bought fol 

All yerthly joie and mirthe I set arere. 

Testament of Creseide^ 355. 




(2) Back. A term in hare-hunt- 
ing, used when the hounds were 
let loose. 

That all mayc hym here, he shall wye arere. 

Book of St. Alboiu. 

(3) V. To retreat. 

Aresk, v. (from A,-S, areosiarii to 

fall down, perish.) To totter. 

Tliourgh thcmouht the fom was wight. 
The tusches in the tre he smit ; 
The tre aresede as hit wold falle, 
The herd was sori adrad withalle. 

Sevyn Sages, 1. 915. 

Areson, V. {A.'N. aresoneTt to in- 
terrogate, to reason.) To inter- 
rogate; to reason, or debate, with. 

Ther foore at Borne were, to areson the 

The right for to declare, and for the parties 
to schape. Langtoft, p. 314. 

Sir, he scyd, we han gon mis, 
Sche hath aresoun oos iiit'orn. 

Legend of Seynt Katerine, p. 181. 

As the kyng rod with duykes and eorlis. 

He mette with two olde cheorhs. 

To the navel theo herd hang : 

Thus aresoned heom the kyng. 

8eY me now, ye olde hore i 

(Mony day is seotlie ye weore hore,) 

Wite ye egliwar by my weyes, 

Any merveiiles by this wayes. 

Alisaunder, L 6751. 

Abest, (1) s. {A.'N.) Arrest ; con- 
straint; delay. 

(2) pre8, t. of arede. Relatest. 

Palmer, ryghtly thou arest 

AJle the mnner. 
Barst thou ryde upon thys best 

To the ryvere. 
And water hym that thon ne falle ? 
Octovian Imperator, 1425. 

(3) adj. Rancid. Prompt. Parv. 
Arestb, v. {J.-N.) To stop. 

And ther oure host bigan his hors areate. 
And seyde, Lordua, lierkcneth if vow les'e. 
Chaucer, Cant. T., 829. 

Arestnessr, «. Rancidity. **Are8i- 
nesseoffie&ihe. Rancor. Rancitas." 
Prompt. Parv. See Recuty. 

Arbstogib, 8. Apparently the name 
ofanherb. ^rcA«o/o^ta,xxx,404. 

Arbthede, 8. (A.'S.) Honour. 

Arbtik, *. Arthritica. " Gowte 
aretik." Medical MS. \4th cent, j 

Arette, 1 t>. (A.'N.) (1) To im- 
ARETS, J pute ; to attribute, allot, 
or decree. A person was arretted 
who was "covenanted before a 
judge, and charged with a crime." 
Cowellj Interpreter, 1658. 

And yf there be ony tliynz wreton 
or sayd to her plavsir, y shall thynke 
my laliour well employed ; and were as 
ther IS defawte, thnt she arette hyt to 
the symplenes of my connyDjce, whiclie 
is ful snialle in this behiiU'ei and requyre 
and praye alle them that shall rede this 
same werke to correct hyt, and hold me 

Caxton, in Herbert's Ames, i, 6. 

As keepers of the church, judges, and 
right suvereigii bishops, wliich do arete 
the arms of the church and of the whole 
world unto their proper glory. 

Philpot's Works, p. 360. 

(2) To value, to esteem. 

Arevant, adv. Back again. 

The mevn shalle ye nebylle. 
And I shalle syng the trebille, 
Arevant the deville, 
Tille alle this hole rnwte. 

Tovoneley Mysteries, p. 319. 

Arev7, adv. {A.-S.) In a row. 
Arewb, v. {A.'S.) (1) To pity. 

Jhesu Christ arew hem sore, 
Ant seide he wolde vacclie hem thore. 
Harrowing ofHeU, p. 15. 

(2) To make to repent ; to grieve. 

The mayster mason moste be ful secnrly 
Bothe stedelast, trusty, and trwe, 
Hyt shal hym never tlienne aretoe. 

Const, of Masonry, p. 15. 

^ll^ill, l'-*^- (^••^•) A"""'- 

Areyne, v. {A.'N.) To arrest. 
Arfe, adj. {A.'S.) Afraid ; back- 
ward. North, See Argh. 

Whaugh, mother, how she rowts ! Ise varra 

Shee'l put and rive mv eood prunella scarfe. 
Forksnire Dialogue, p. 35. 

Arg, V. (1) To argue. West. 

(2) To quarrel. Northampt. 

(3) To grumble. Sussex. 
Ar6abushe,«. a harquebuss. 
Argaile, 8. {A.'N.) Potter's earth. 

See ArgQ\l^ 




Ay, I know you have areenfc, 
Vilriol, sal-tartar, argaile, alkali. 

Ben Jotuon's Alchemist^ i, 1. 

Aroal. (1) '* Hard lees sticking to 
the sides of wine vessels, and 
otherwise called tartar." Kersey, 
See Argoil. 

(2) Used by Shakespeare as a 
vulgar corruption of ergo. 

Aroemone, «. (Lat,) The wild 

Argent, <. {A,»N.) Silver. 

Argbntil, *. (A,'N.) The herb 
percepiere, according to Gerard. 

Argentina, s. {Lat.) The wild 

Argentine, adj. {Lat) Silver-like; 
composed of silver; silver. 

Argbnt-vive, ». (Fr.) Quicksilver. 

Argh, "] adj. {A.'S, earff.) Timid', 

ARWB, J fearful ; indolent. 

If ow thow seist he is the beste knyght, 
That may beore armes in fyght. 
Thou saist soth, hardy, and hard, 
And thou art as anoe coward. 

£ Miiaunder, 1. 3340. 

Frensche men am arwe, and feyute. 
And Sarezynys be war and queynte } 
Aud of her dedes engynous : 
The Frensche men be covavtous. 

Richard, 1. 3821. 

nf he i-sith that thn nart arej. 
He Mrile of bote wrchen barej. 

Affo and Ny^Hngale, L 407. 

Ajighb, 1 9. {A.'S, eargian.) To 

AR5E, J wax timid. 

Antenor argket with onstere wordes. 
Hade doute of the dnke and of his dethe 

Lest the tyrand in his tene hade tumyt 

bym to sle. Siege of Troy, MS., f. 33. 

Arghnes also me thinke is hard, 
For that mase a man a coward ; 
That mai be cald litilhede 
Of troste of helpe in ^oode dede. 
Naseyngton^s Myrrowr, MS. Hunt, f. 29 b. 

Argier. The old form of Algiers. 
Argin, 8. {Ital. arffine,) An em- 
bankment ; a rampart. 

It must have high arffins and cover'd ways, 
To keep the bolwark fronts from battery. 
Marknct^t Worh^Um. 

Argisome, adj. Quarrelsome. 

Argoile, 8. {Fr. argitte?) An 
article used in alchemical opera- 
tions, the exact character of which 
seems to be doubtful. It has 
been taken as signifying potter's 
eaith ; but it seems to be more 
properly the impure salt de- 
posited from wine ; which, when 
purified, is called bitartrate of 
potash, or cream of tartar. 

Argolets, 1 8, pL (Fr.) Light 
ARGOLETiERS, J horscmcn. 

Argologt, 8. {Gr, dpyoXoyia,) 
Idle speaking. 

Argos, 8. (Fr.) The small false 
toes at the back of the foot, ap- 
plied to animals. 

Argosie, 8. (supposed to be de- 
rived from the name of the ship 
Argo.) A large ship, either for 
merchandise or war. 

Who sits him like a full-sail'd mrgone 
Danc'd with a lofty billow. 

Chapm. Byron's Conep. 

That golden traffic love. 
Is scantier far than gold ; one mine of that 
More worth than twenty argoriet 
Of the world's richest treasure. 

Bowie's New Wonder, Ana. Dr., v, 236. 

My instance is a mighty argosie. 
That in it bears, besides th' artillery 
Of fourscore pieces of a mighty bwe, 
A thousand soldiers. 

Drayton, Noah's Flood, iv, p. 1539. 

Argue, v. (Fr. arguer, to reprove.) 
To find fault with. 

The false Matabrune beean to caste au 

Se on her, and reprevednerof theiaute 
at her selfe had made, arguina her 
without a cause, and saide, O unbappi 
and miserable woman. Helyas, p. 28. 

Argufy, 1 v. Toargne. Far, dial. 

ARGiFT, J The country people in 

the Midland Counties often say 

" what argifies f" in the sense of, 

** what signifies it ? 

Argument, (1) v, (Fr.) To argue. 
{2)8, Conversation, 
(3) A given arch, whereby an- 
other is determined proportional 
to the first. 




As ben liis centris, and his arfftmentUt 
And his proparcionels convenientis. 

Ckaueer, CmU. T., 11589. 

Abot, «. An argument ; an asser- 
tton. Shorpsk, Also, a person who 
is not only contentions, but per- 
tinadons in managing an argu- 

Arxchss, 8. pi. The ends of joists. 

Aridb. See Arride, 

A&iEREBAN, 8, (A.-N.) A general 
summons from the king to all 
his vassals to appear in arms. 

Aribtatb, v. {Lat.) To butt like a 

Abibtation, 8, Batting. 

Abietb, 8. Aries, one of the signs 
in the zodiac. 

Aright. Apparently the pret of 
areche, and used in the sense of 
reached, effected, did, or per- 

Aripe, 8. A kind of bird. 
He chasid aripei, briddes of Archadie. 

MS. IHgby, 230. 

Arisin^b, 8. {A.-S,) Resurrection. 

Ich y-leve ine the Holy Gost, holy 
chercne generalliclie, mennesse of hal- 
|ei), lesnesse of zennes, of Tlease ariz- 
tnge, and lyf evrelestinde. 

MS. Arundel 57, f. 94. 

Arist, Zdper8, 8. of the pres, and 

pret, of ari8e. 

Ponies in wode hem make blithe, 
In everich lond arist sone. 

Arthour and Merlin, p. 274. 

She wolde walke npon a daye. 
And that was er the aonne aryst. 

Gawer't Conf. Am., ed. 1532, f. 70. 

Abiste, 8. (A.'S.) An arising. 

Ant stepe adun ant spmptest belle; 
arise, ant thin ariste cuddest thine 
i-corene, ant atihe abnven the steorren. 
MS. Beg., 17 A xxvii, f. 67. 
His np ariste do me stepen upward 
in heie and holi tlicawes. 

MS. Cott., Nero, A xiv. 

AR18TIPPU8, *. A sort of wine. 
O for a bowl of fat canary, 
Kicli Aristippus, sparkling sherry ! 
Some nectar else from Juno's dairy; 
O these draughts would make us merry 1 
MiddUton's Worts, ii, 422. 

A&I8T0L0CH, 8, (Or,) The plant 

called Round Hartwort. 
Ajiithmancib, 8, (Gr.) Divination 

by numbers. 
Arivaoe, 8. (A.'N,) The shore; 

landing place. 

And pririlie toke arivage 
Into the couiitrie of Carthage. 

Chaueer, House of Fame, L 223. 

Arivailb,*. (A.'N.) Arrival. 

Ark, 8. (1) (A.S.) A chest. In the 

northern counties, the large 

chests in farm-houses used for 

keeping meat or flour are still 

so called. 

Soth was, that he wolden him bynde. 
And trusse al that he mithen fyude 
Of hise, in arke, or in kiste, 
That he mouth in seckes tliriste. 

Havelok, I. 2018. 

Saen this rom to the kniht was said, 
e did it in an arc to hald. 
And opened this arc the thrid day. 
And fand tharin selcouthe to saye. 

MS. CoU. Med. Edinb^ 

(2) Clouds running into two 
points, thus (); more usually 
termed Noah's ark. 

(3) 8, An arch. 

Arles, 8, Money paid to bind a 
bargain; earnest-money, loarle 
a bargain, to close it. See Air Ich. 

Arliche, adv. Early. 

Arling, 8. A bird which appears 
early in the spring. 

An arling, a byrde that appeareth not 

in winter, a clotbyrde, a smntch, carulco. 

Baret's Alvearie, 1580. 

Arloup, 8. The orlop, or middle 

deck of a ship. 
Arly, adv. (A.-S.) Early. Ea8t. 

And noght over arly to mete at gang, 
Ne for to sit tharat over lang. 

MS. CoU., Oalba, £, ix, f. 65. 

Arm, 8. (1) Harm. 

So falle on the, sire emperour, 
Swich arm, and schame, and desononr. 

Sevyn Sages, 852. 

(2) V. To lard (in cookery). In 
Warner's Antiq. Culin.j p. 26, 
we have a receipt in which it \s 
directed that '^ ctoiwe&ttAiiXi&xv^iv^ 

Uj-t t 





shal be armed with lardes of 


(3) t?. To take up in the arms. 

Arm, ad). {/4.-S.) Wretched. In 
writings of an early date. 

Arman, «. (Fr. armand.) A pre- 
paration given to horses to create 
an appetite. Diet. Rust. 

Armed, adj. Having arms. 

— As a heated lion, so he looks ; 
His hair haogs long beliind him, black and 

Like ravens' wings; his shoulders broad 

and strong ; 
Ami'd long and round; and on his thigh a 

Hung by a curious baldrick. 

B. and Fl., Two Nob. Kinsm. 

Armental, I adj. (Lat.) Relat- 

ARMENTiNE, ^ ing to a herd of 

Armentose, adj. {Lat.) Abound- 

ing in cattle. 
Armesin-taffeta, 8. A sort of 

taffata. Howell. 
Armet, 8. A helmet. ** Armet, a 

heed pese of hamesse." Pals- 

grav€,{. 18. 
Arm- GAUNT, adj. Lean ; thin. As 

thin as an arm. 

— So he nodded, 
And soberly did mount an arm-gaunt steed, 
Who neigii'd so high that what I would 

have spoke 
Was beastly dumb'd by him. 

Shaketp,, Ant, and CI., i, 5. 

Arm-gret, adj. As thick as a man's 


A wrethe of gold arm-gret, and huge of 

Upon his heed set ful of stones bright. 

Chaucer, Cant. T., 2147. 

Armin, s. a beggar ; formed from 

the Dutch arm^ poor, to suit an 

assumed Dutch character. 

hear, God ! — so young an armin ! 
M. Flow. Armin, sweet heart, I know not 

what you menn 
By that, but 1 am almost a beggar. 

London Frod., Supp. Sh., ii, 519. 

ArmyNi 8. Ermine. 

Armille, 8. {Lat. armiUa.) A 

bracelet ; also, a necklace. 

After they had dronke he gave her two 
rynges to hange ou her ceres weyeuge 

ig. sycles,and as mBinj armylUswejevee 
X. sycles. Golden Legend, f. 10. 

The king thus gird with his swerd, and 
standing, shall take armyll of the Q>hy- 
dinall, saying thise words, accipe annil- 
lam, and it is to wete that armyll is 
made in maner of a stole wovyn with 
gold and set with stones, to be putt by 
the Cardinall aboute the kinges neckn. 
Rutland Papers, p. 18. 

Arming, 8. (1) A coat of arms. 
(2) A net hung about a ship's 
hull in battle, to protect the men 
from an enemy. 

Arming-girdle, 8. A kind of 
sword girdle. Florio, in v. ^e/A^n?, 
mentions an arming-saddle. 

Arming-points, 8. Short ends of 
strong twine, with points like 
laces, fixed under the armpits 
and bendings of the arms and 
knees, to fasten the gussets of 
mail which protected those 
parts of the body. 

Arming-sword, 8. A two-handed 

And weening to have play'd a young 
man's pait, 

Girts to his arming-sword with trem- 
bling hand. FeeWs Farewell, 1589. 

Armipotent, adj. {Lat.) Mighty 

in arms. 
Armite, 8. {A.'N.) (1) A sort of 


On the iiij. corners of the waggon were 
iiij. hed peces called armites, every pece 
beyug 01 a sundeir device. 

Hall, Henry FIT/, f. 70. 

(2) A hermit. 

The armyte seyd, So mote thou go. 
Hast thou any othyr herand than so 
Onto my lord the kyng? 

'Harts/tome's Met. Tales, p. 30i. 

Armivestal, adj. Warlike. 

By his armvvestal contenaunce he wold 
have caused us to have fled. 

Morte d' Arthur, i. 110. 

Armlet, 8. A bracelet. Armolets, 

armlets. Herbert's Travels j 1638. 

Armonical, a^. Harmonious. 

And in May whan the trees spryngeth 
and bring forthe theyr odifcraunte 
floures, and that the birdes bring their 
armonical tunes ou the smal greiie 
twjges. Helyas, p. 13. 




A&MONT, s. Harmony. Lydgate, 
Also, a corruption of the name of 
a country, Armenia. 

ArMORWB, ' 1 -El 1 

* w. Early mornintr. 


An armonoe erlicbe 
Themperour aros sikerliche. 

Gy of Warwicke, p. 117. 

Bifor Gonnoise that cit6 
On amemonce than come we. 

lb., p. 184. 

Armure, 8. (A.'N,) Armour. 

Arms, s. Stabbing or daggering of 
arms. - Young men frequently 
punctured their arms with dag- 
gers, to show their devout attach- 
ment to their mistresses, and 
mingling the blood with wine, 
drank it off to their healths. 
This explains a passage in the 
Litany to Mercury, at the end of 
Cynthia's Revels: "From stab' 
bingofarmSt flap-dragons, healths, 
whiffs, and all such swaggering 
humours, good Mercury de- 
liver us." 

Have I not been drunlc to yonr health, 
Birallowed flap-dragons, eat elnsses, 
drank nrine, stahVd arms, and uone all 
the office of protested gallantrv for your 
sake ? Marston*s Dutch Courtezan. 

How many gallants have drank healths 

Oat of their daggered arms f 

Honest Wh., O. V., iii, 299. 

A&mwrts, s. Armour. 

Behold the armwrys which made myn 

Lydgat^s Minor Poems, p. 260.* 

Arm-wrist, s. The wrist. Comw. 

Offtsithes it is seene that dyvers ther 
ame, the which forseene not the cansis 
precedent and subsequent. 

Heame^s Fragment, p. 298. 

In Brytayn this layes ame y-wrytt, 
Fnrst y-founde and forthe y-gete. 

Sir Orpheo, 13. 

Arnb, 9. (1) To earn. Shropsh, 

<2) V, (J.'S.) To run ; to flow. 

Eldol, erl of Gloucester, also in hys side 

Amde, and kepie her and titer, aud slow 

a-Uoute wyde. Eub. Glonc, p. 140. 

Now rist grete tabour betrng, 
Blaweyng of pypes, and ek trump jug, 
Stedes lepyng, and ek amyng. 

Kyng Alisaunder^ 2165. 

(2) s, (A,'S.) An eagle. 

(3) For e*er a one. West. 
Arnaldis, s. {Medieval Lat. amaU 

dia.) A kind of disease, men- 
tioned in the early chronicles. 

Arnart-cheese, s. Ordinary 
cheese made of skimmed milk. 

Arnd, 1 s. {A*'S.) An errand ; 
ARNRDE, j a message. 

Arndern, s. The evening. See 


Wlien tbe sad arndern shutting in the 
light. Drayton*s Owl, ed. 1748, p. 410. 

Arneied, part. p. Broken with 
running ? 

The hors was nought i-paied wel, 
He amede away with the king, 
Thourgh felde and wode Miihouten 

And in a mure don him cast, 
Almest he hadde deied in hust. 
Ac er hii wonne the stede 
Bopes in the contr6 thai leide, 
Ac never sithe, withoute fable, 
Ne com the stede out of the stable, 
So sore he was arneied that tide, 
Siththe dorste no man on him ride. 

Bepis ofHamtoun, p. 79. 

Arnement, s. {J.'A\) Ink. 

Arnbmorwe, adv. Early morning. 
See Armorwe. 

Arnestb, s. Earnest money. 
Prompt. Parv. 

Arnbys, 9. Harness; armour. 

Arns. The form ofarlest or earnest 
money, prevalent in Lancashire. 

Arnt. (1) A contraction of have 
not ; am not. Var. dial. 
(2) s. An errand. Lane. 

Arnut, 8. The earth-nut, or pig- 
nut. North. 

Aroint, interj. A word of expul- 
sion, or avoiding. It occurs in 
Shakespeare, and has been the 
subject of much discussion. 

Aromatb, 1 fT* \ A 

» I - iT^t aroma.) A 


'■^'l*. (Lat. 
z, > • 
' I spice. 





The totlicr to mirre, the thridde to flour, 
The ferthe like to aromate. 

Cursor Mundi. 
Also he that in renaying lyse, 
Ertyr he be amonest thryse, 
Or aronM« heres fro that he 
Thryse of hys bysschope amonest be. 

Hampole, MS. Bowa^ B.7, p. 10. 

Aron, 8, Starchwort. 

Arost, adv. Roasted. 

Thenne mot ych habhe hennen arott. 

Folitical Songs, p. 151. 

Aroume, } adv. {/4'S.) At a dis- 
AROOM, > tance ; apart from. 

The geaunt aroume he stode. 
His hond he tint, y-wis ; 

He fleighe as he were M'ode, 
Ther that the castel is. 

Sir Tristrem, ¥. Ill, st. vi. 

Tho Alisaunder sygh this, 
Ar(mm anon he dro\%', y-wis. 

K. Alisaunder, 1. 1637. 

Aroun, adv. Around. Still used 

in the North. 
Argute. (1) To go; to move 


In all that lond uo Cliristin dnrst arouL 
Urri/'s Chaucer, p. 53. 

(2) An assembly. Gower. 
Arove, (1) adv. Rambling about; 

on the rove. Craven. 

(3) pret. of arive. Arrived. 

In Thamis arove, wlier lie had ful sharpe 
shores. Hardym/s Ckron., f. 36. 

Arow, ^ adv. In a row, suc- 

Arowe, > cessively. See ^rew. 

This day and yesterday I told arowe. 
That six and thirty they had y^slowe. 
Richard Coeur de L., 1. 1787. 

My master and his man are both broke 

Beaten the maids arow, and hound the 
doctor. Shakesp. Com. o/E., v, 1. 
Tliabot present him a schip 
Ther that mani stodi? arouwe. 

Legend of Pope Qreg., p. 31. 

Arowze, v. (Fr. arroser.) To be- 
dew, to water anything. 

The blissful dew of heaven does arowze you. 
Beaum. and FI., Turo Nob. Kinsm., v, 4. 

Arpent, 8. (Fr.) An acre. " Halfe 
'an arpentf that is, nine hundreth 
foote of ground." Hollyband'8 
Dictionaries 1593. 

Arpets, *. A sort of resin, com- 
posed of tallow and tar. Archao- 
logia^ XXX, 404. 
Arpies, *. Harpies ; furies. 
Arpine, ». (Fr.) An acre. 
If he be master 
Of poor ten arpines of land forty hours 
longer. Webster's Works, ii, 82. 

Arpit, adj. Quick ; ready ; pre- 
cocious in learning. Shropsh. 

Arr, (1) «. A mark or seam, made 
by a flesh-wound ; a pock ur scar. 

(2) V. To incite; to egg on; to 
quarrel. Northampt. 

Arra, I (l);?ro«. Either. North- 
ARR, } ampt, 
(2) adv. Ever. Northampt. 
Arra-onCf or arrunf either oue, 
ever a one. 

Arr ABLE, adj. Horrible. 

Arrabys, 8. Arabian horses. 

Elfaydes and arrabys. 
And olyfauntez noble. 

Morte Arthure. 
Arracies, 8. {A.'N.) A term ap- 
plied to the smaller animals of 
the chase, which were skinned, 
similarly to the process now 
used for hares and rabbits, in 
opposition to flayed. 
Arrage, (1) 8. {A.-N. arage.) Vas- 
sal service in ploughing the lord's 

(2) V. (A.'N. arrager.) To go 
about furiously. 
. Arrahind, adv. Around. Staff. 
Arraign, V. To arrange. Webster. 
Arrals,«. Pimples; pocks. Cumb, 
Arrand, 1 . , 

ARRANT, r* ^^ «""^»*^- 

Arrant, {I) part. a. (A.-N.) Er- 
rant; wandering. 
(2) adj. Notorious ; as an arrant 

Arras, 8. A kind of powder, sup- 
posed to be made of the root of 
the orris. It is mentioned as a 
material used in brewing, and 
also as a powder for sprinkling 
the hair. 




Arbauoht, pret. of arreaeh. 

Reached; seized by violence. 

Arraughts, v. (from Fr. ar- 

raeher.) To snatch. 
Akratb, r. (1) {A,*N. arrayer.) 

To prepare ; to arrange. 

¥(a whoso will make a feste to cmj of 
hisafrendes, there ben certeyn iiTues in 
ererj gode toane, and he that wU make 
the fette, wil seye to the hostellere, 
mrrmye for me to morwe a gode dyncr, 
for so many folk. M^undeviWa Traveh. 
ed. 1889, p. 314. 

(2) To dirty; to defile; to be- 
ray. Palsgrave. Also, to spot 
anything. 16. See Araye. 

Arbawio, t. An earwig. North- 

Arra WIGGLE, t. An earwig. Suff. 

Arraters, t. Officers who had the 
care of the soldiers' armour. 

Arrb, tf. To snarl. 

Arrbar, adv. {A.'N.) Behind. 

To leave with ^eed Atlanta in arrear 

Fairf. rftrw,ii,40. 
Ne erer did her eye sight turn arere. 

Spenser, VirgiVs (?Ma^,v,468. 

Arrechb, 1 V. To reach. See 

ARREAOH, J Areehe. 

Conferred them, and the letters ad- 
dressed to the kinges majesty oute of 
Ireland, toothers; whiche we have 
wayed, debated, and considered, as farre 
as our potire wyttes can arrecke. 

State Fapers, i, 671. 

Arrbct, v. (Lat.) (1) To impute. 

Therfore he arreeteth no blame of theyr 
dedes unto them. 

Sir Thonuu Mor^s WorJces, p. 271. 

(2) To refer. 

Jrreetinge nnto your wyse exnminacion 

How all that I do is under reffurmatioit. 

SkeltoH*e Works, i,S79. 

(3) To direct. "I arecte, I 
adresse a thyng in the ryght 
wave, jadresse ; Be nat afrayde 
if thou be out of the waye thou 
shalte be arreeted^ Nates poynt 
depaour si tu es tiors du ehemyn 
tu seras adress4.*^ Palsgrave. 

(4 ) To erect or set up anything. 

Arrbdt, V, To make rcadv. 
Arreisb, 1 9. To raise. See 

aretse, j Araise, 
Arrer, adv. Rather. Northampt. 
Arrerb, 1 V. {A.'S.) To rear ; to 

arrear, j raise. See Arere. 

And out of Surrye, and out of Turkye, 
and out of other rontrees that he holt, 
he may arrere mo than &0,000. 

Maundevile's Travels, p. 38. 

And in the west parte of the saide walle 
he arrered a fayre and stron!;e eate, and 
commanded it to be called Luddys Gute, 
whiche at this day is cleped Lui^dezaie. 
Fabian's Chronicle, f. 33. 

Arrere, adj. Strange ; wonderful. 

Arre re-supper, s. {Fr.) A rere- 

supper ; a collation served up in 

the bed-room, after the first 

Arresond. Reasoned with. See 


Of the cnstomes of Sarasines, and of 
hire lawe ; and how the Soudan arresond 
me, auctour of this book. 

MaundeviWs Travels, p. 131. 

Arret, v. {Fr. arriter.) To de- 
cree, or appoint. Spenser. 

Arretted. " Is he," says Cowell, 
"that is covenanted before a 
judge, and charged with a crime." 
See his Interpreter^ fol., Lond., 
1658. It is translated by "ad 
rectum vocatus," in Rider's Dic- 
tionaries 1640. 

Arride, v. {Lat. arrideo.) To 

please; to amuse. 

*Fore heav'ns his humour am(/«f me ex- 

£vert/ Man out of his Humour, ii, 1. 

Her form answers my affection, it 
arrides me exceedingly. 

The Antiquary, 0. P., x, 32. 

This is a good, pretty, apish, docible 
fellow; really he roi<;ht have made a 
very pretty barber surveou, if he had 
been put out in time ; hMi\i arridts me 
extreamly to think how he will be bob'd. 
Shadwell, The Humorists, 1771. 

Arridgb, s. The edge of anything 
that is liable to hurt or cause an 
arr. North. 




Arp.iere, 8, (Fr.) The hinder 

part ; the rear. 
Arri8he8,«. The Devonshire term 

for stubble or eddish. 
Arrivance, 8, {A.-N,) (1) The 

arrival of company. 

For every minute is expectancy 

Of more arritance. Othello, il, 1. 

(2) Original abode of a family. 
'*! say, mate, which parish do 
you belong to ?" " I can't justly 
say, but father's arrivance was 
fram Sheperd's-well.'' (Sibberts- 
wold.) Kent, 
Arrive, 8, Arrival. 

Whose forests, hills, and floods, then long 

for her arrive 
From Lancashire. 

DrayU TolyoJh.^ Song, 28. 

These novice lovers at their first arrive 
Are bashfull both. 

Sjflvesier's Du Bartas, 212. 

So small a number can no waiTe pretend, 
Therefore their strange arrive they neede 

not feare. 
As farre as doth their hemisphere extend, 
They view the sea, but see no shipping 

neare. Cfreat Britain^s Troy, 1609. 

The verb arrive is sometimes 

used in an active form, without 

the preposition. 

But ere we could arrive the point proposed, 
Ceesar cried. Help me, Cassius, or I sink. 

Shakesp. Jul. C, i, 2. 

Milton has adopted this form : 

Ere he arrive 
The happy isle. , Par. Lost, u. 

Arrodb, V, {Lat.) To gnaw. 
Arrogation, t. {Lat.) Arrogance. 

Arronlt, adv. Exceedingly. Lane. 
Arrose, v. (Fr. arro8er.) To wet ; 
to bedew. 

— your day is lengtheu'd, and 
The blissful dew of heaven does arrose yon. 

Beaum. and Fl. 
His navye greate, with many soudyoures. 
To sayle anone into tliis Britavn made, 
In Thamis arrose, wher he had ful sharpe 

Hardyng's Chron., ed. Ellis, p. 76. 

ARR0W,a4/..> (4':^') Fearful. Ei- 
der. See Argh, 

Arrow-headers, «. ManufactuN 

ers of arrow-heads. 

Lantcrners, stryneers, grynders, 
Arowe-heders, maltemen, and come- 

Coclce Lorelles Bote, p. 10. 

Arrt, adj. Any. Somer8et. 

Arryn, v. To seize. Coventry 

My8terie8t p. 316. 

Ars, 8. {A.'N.) Art ; science! 

Gregorii routhe not wel his pars, 
And wele rad and songe in lawe. 
And uudcrstode wele his ars. 

Legend ofPofe Gregory, p. 25. 

The seven arts, or sciences, of 
the schools were Arithmetic, 
Geometry, Music, Astronomy, 
Grammar, Rhetoric, and Logic; 
and these were the arts, par eX" 
ceUence, understood in the aca- 
demical degrees, and in ancient 
scholastic education. A " master 
of arts" meant a proficient in 
these seven arts. They are enu- 
merated in the following lines : 

Thro^h hye grace of Crist yn heven. 
He cummeused yn the syens seven ; 
Granintica ysthe furste syens y-\rysse, 
Dialetica the secunde so iiave y blysse, 
Rethorica the thrydde, withoute nay, 
Musica ys the fowrthe, as y 50W say, 
Astromia yfr the v. by my snowte, 
Arsmetica the vi. withoute dowte, 
Gemetria the seventhe maketh an ende. 
For he vs bothe meke and hende. 

MS. Bib. Reg., 17 A I, fol. 23. 

Arsard, I adj. Unwilling ; per- 


^ J 

arset, J verse. Var. dial. 
Arsbawst, 8. A fall on the back. 

Arsboord, 8. The hinder board of 

a cart. Stajf. 
ASSAD EN, a. A kind of orna- 
A88ADT, > mental tinsel. See 
ORSADT, I Assad. 


Are you puffed up with the pride of 
your wares ? — your arsedine ? 

Barth. Fair, ii, 2. 
A London vintner's signe, thick jaeged 
and round frin<red, with theumlug 
arsadine. Nash's Lenten Stuff. 

Aksefoote. a small water-fowl ; 




given as the translation of '* mer- 
gulus" in Higins's Juniun, ed. 
1585, p. 60. ^ 

Arsbling-polb, 8, The poleT^tn 
which bakers spread the hot 
embers to all parts of the oven. 

Arselins, adv. Backwards. Norf, 

Arsenick, 8. The water-pepper. 
" Water-pepper, or ar8enicke : 
some call it kill-ridge, or cule- 
rage." Nomenclator^ 1585. 

Arsepush, 8. A fall on the back. 

Arsesmart, 8. The persicaria, or 
water-pepper, called in old 
French cvUrage, See Ar8enick. 

Arseverse, 8. "A pretended 
spell, written upon the door of 
an house to keep it from burn- 
ing." Blount's GlossoffraphiOf ed. 

Arseward, eufv. Backward. Cumb. 

Arsewispe, 8. Rider gives this 
word as the translation of aniter^ 

Arslb, v. To move backwards ; to 
fidget. East. 

Arsmetrik, 8, Arithmetic. 

And arsmetryk, be castyng: of nombrary, 
Chees Pyktegoras for her part6. 

Lydgate*s Minor Foems, p. II. 

Arsombver, a^fv. However. Leic, 

Arsoun, 1 8. {A.'N.) The bow of 

ARSON, va saddle; each saddle 

ARSUN, J having two arsouns, one 

in front, the other behind. 

An ax he heute of metall broun 
Tliat heng on hys formest arsoun. 

Octonan, L 1106. 

An ax he hente boun. 
That heng at hys arsoun. 

Lybeaus Disconus, 1. 1322. 

He karf his heorte and his pomou, 
And threow him over arsun. 

K. Misaunder, 1. 4375. 

Sir Launcelot gave him sucli a buffet, 
that the arson of his saddle broke, and 
so he flew over his horse's tail. 

Malory, H. of K. Arthur, v. i, p. 190. 

Sir Launcelot passed throujch them, and 
li);litly he turned him in again, and 
•mote another knight throughout the ' 

body, and through the horse's arsom 
more than an ell. lb., p. 370. 

In the following example it seems 

to be used for the saddle itself: 

He schof him quycly adoun. 
And leop himseolf in the arsoun. 

K. Alisaunder, 1. 4251. 

Xkst, adv. {A.-S.terest.) First; erst. 
And pride in richesse regueth 
Ratlier than in povcrte : 
Jrst in the maister than in the man 
Som mansion he haveth. 

Pi>rjP?.,p. 287. 

Arstable, 8, An astrolabe. 

His arstahle he tok out sone. 
Theo cours he tok of sonne and mone, 
Theo cours of the planetis seven. 
He tolde also undur haven. 

K. Alisaunder, m. 

Arston, 8. A hearth-stone. 

Arsy-versy, adv. Upside down ; 

preposterously. Drayton. 
Art, ( 1 ) «. A quarter ; a point of 

the compass. North, 

(2) Eight. Exmoor. 
Arte, 1 v, {Lat, arcto.) To con- 
arct, J strain ; con^el ; urge. 

And ore all this, ful mokil more he thought 
Wliat fortospeke, andwhattoholden inne. 
And what to artin her to love he sought. 

Chaucer, Tr. and Cres., Urry,^. 272. 
Love artid me to do my observaunce 
To his estate, and done him obeisaunce. 

Court of Love, Vrry, p. 560. 

Wherthrugh, tliey be artyd by neces- 
sity so to watch, labour, and grub in the 
grounde for their susteiiaunce, that their 
nature is much wastid, and the kynd of 
them brought to nowght. 
Fortescue on Absolute Monarchy, p. 22. 

Arteen. Eighteen. Exmoor. 

Artemage, *. The art of magic. 

And through the crafte of artemage. 
Of wexe he forged an ymagre. 

(?ou7(jr, ed. 1532, f. 188. 

Arter, prep. After. Var. dial, 
Artetykes, *. {Gr.) A disease 

affecting the joints; a sort of 

Arth- STAFF, *. A poker used by 

blacksmiths. Shropsh. 
Arthur, 8. A game at sea, de- 

scribed in Grose. 




Arthur-a-bradlet. a very po- 
pular old song, frequently re- 
ferred to. Three songs are still 
preserved relating to this hero. 
One of them is published in Rit- 
son's edition of Robin Hood^ and 
another may be seen in Dixon's 
Ancient Poems, p. 161. 

Arthur's-sbow. An exhibition of 
archery by a toxophilite society 
in London, of which an account 
was published in 1583, by Richard 
Robinson. The associates were 
fifty-eight in number, and had 
assumed the arms and names of 
the Knights of the Round Table. 

Articls, t. (1) Comprehension. 

(2) A poor creature ; a wretched 

Articulate, «. {Lat,) To exhibit 
in articles. 

Artier, s. {Fr.) An artery. 

Artificial, adj. Ingenious ; art- 
ful ; skilful in art. 

Artillery, t. This word was for- 
merly applied to all kinds of 
missile weapons. 

Artnoon, 8. Afternoon. Essex. 

Art-of-m EMORY, t. An old game 
at cards. Compleat Gamester, ed. 
1709, p. 101. 

Ajitow, V, Art thou ; a common 
contraction of the verb and pro- 
noun in MSS. of the 14th cent., 
and still preserved in the dialects 
of the North of England. 

Artry, It. Apparently a con- 

attry,j traction of or/t/^ery. See 

Nichols's Roy. fFt/^,pp.284,288. 

Artuatb, v. {Lat.) To tear mem- 
ber from member. 

Arum, t. An arm. 

And he haves on thorn his 
Therof is fol mikel harnm. 

Hneloi, 1993. 

Ajiundb, s. An errand. Perhaps 

it should be printed arnnde, 
Aruwe, s. An arrow. 

Ae an aruwe oway he bare 
In Ilia eld wouude. 

Sir Tristrem, p. S04. 

Aryal, t. A funeral. North. ArvaU 
supper is a funeral feast given to 
the friends of the deceased, at 
which a particular kind of coarse 
cake, composed of flour, water, 
yeast, currants, and some kind of 
spice, called arval-bread, is some- 
times distributed among the poor. 

Arvyst-gos, s. a stubble goose. 

A yonff wyf and an arvyst-gos, 
Mocne gagil with buthe. 

Btliq. Jntiq., ii, 113. 

Arwb, plural arwen, arewen, as 
well as arewes, arwes, s. {A.-S.) 
An arrow. 

Myd ancen, and myd qoareles so mucbe 
folk first me slovf . 

Roh. of GlouCf p. 48. 

Of golde he sent hvm a c&roune. 
And a swithe fair faukoune, 
Tweye bugle homes, aud a bowe also. 
And fyve arewen ek therto. 

£. AUsaunder. 

Arwe, (1) V. {A.'S. eargian.) To 

render timid. 

(2) adj. Timid; fearfuL See 


Thou saist soth, hardy and hard. 
And tliou art as arwe cowuitl 1 
He is the furste in eche butHi)e ; 
Thou art byhynde ay at the taile. 

K. AUsaunder, 8340. 

Arweblast, t. A crossbow or ar- 

The fi^eye wente alsoo faste 
As quarrel dos oif the arweblast. 

Richard Coeur de Lion, SSSl. 

Arwe-man, s, a bowman. {}) 

He calde bothe arwe-raen and kene, 
Knithes and serganz swithe sleie 

Havelok, 2115. 

Arwyooyl, s. An earwig. Prompt. 
Parv. See arrawiggle. 

Aryne, prest. t. pi. Are. A pro- 
vincial pronunciation of am. 

Tbr alle the sorowe that we aryne inne. 
It es like dele for oure syne. 

Sir Isumbms. 

Aryoles. (Lat. hariolus.) Sooih- 

sayers; diviners. 




Por arycles, nygromnncera, broavht 
tlieym to the auctoi-s of ihcr god Piioe- 
bas» and offred theyiu ther, and .than 
they hadde answeres. 

Barikol, by Trevisa. 

Abtsb, ptart, p. Arisen. K. AU' 

ttnmder, 3748. 
Artste, t. Arras. " iij. peeces of 

aryste" Union InventorieSj p. 5. 
As. That; which; who. Far. dial, 

"He as comes," for he who comes. 

In Leicestersh. they say as yet as, 

for, as yet. 
A-SAD, adj. Sad ; sorrowful. 
AsAiLS, r. To sail. 
AsALY, V, {J.'N,) To assail; to 


Hii bygonnc an holy Thores eve then toun 
asaly there. Sob. Glouc, p. S94. 

As-ARMES, (i^.-.V.) To arras ! 

Abaught, 8, {A,'N.) An assault. 
Rob. GUme. 

Asbate, s, a purchase. Skinner. 

As-BUiBD,«. Literally, ashes board; 
a box in which ashes are carried. 

AscAPART. The name of a giant, 
whom Bevis of Hampton con- 
quered, according to the old 
legend. His effigy may be seen 
on the city gates of Southampton. 
He was said to have been " full 
thirty feet long," and to have 
carried Sir Bevis, his wife, and 
horse, under his arm 1 He is aU 
luded to by Shakespeare, Drayton, 
and other Elizabethan writers. 

AscAPE, K. To escape. 


AscAR, t. A person who asks. Wy- 

AscAT, adj. Broken like an egg. 

ASCAUNCE,-! ^^^ (^..5.) (1) Ob- 
A8CANCE, ^liqueiy. aslant. 

ASKAUNS, J ^ ' * 

At this question Rosader, turning his 
head tucance, and bending his browes 
as if anger there had ploughed the fur- 
rowes of her wrath, with his eyes full of 
fire, hee made this replie. 

Eupkues Golden Legacie. 

(2) As if. 

And wroot the names alway, as he stood. 
Of alle folk that gaf hem eny good, 
Ascaunce that he wolde for hem preye. 

Chaucer, Cant. T., 7335. 

(3) Scarcely. 

Jskauns she may nat totlielettrea sey nny. 
Lydgate's Minor Pt,evu, p. 35. 

XscAVHT, prep. Across. 

Tliere is a willow grows atcauni the brook 

Tliat shews his hour lenves in the glassy 

stream. Hamlet, iv, 7. {early ^tos.) 

Ascendant, s. A term in judicial 
astrology, denoting that degree 
of the ecliptic, which is rising in 
the eastern part of the horizon at 
the time of any person's birth : 
supposed to have the greatest 
influence over his fortune. Com- 
monly used metaphorically for 
influence in general, or eflfect. 

*Tis well that servant's gone ; I shall the 

Wind up his master to my purposes ; — 
A good ascendant. 0. PL, vii, 137. 

Ascent, ». See Assent. 

Asch-cake, «. A cake baked under 

AscHE, V. To ask. This form oc- 
curs chiefly in MSS. of the 14th 
cent. The word had soft forms 
in A.-S., ahsian. See Ass. 

AscHES, 8. Ashes. See Ass. 

AscHBWELE, V. {A.-S. ascalian, to 

send away). To drive away. 

An hwanne heo habeth me ofslahe, 
Heo hongeth me on heore hahe ; 
Thar ich aschewele pie and crowe 
From than the tbar is i-sowe. 

Hule and Nyghtingale, 1. 1601. 

AscHONNE, V. To shun ; to avoid. 

They my5te not aschonne the sorowe they 
had served. 

Deposition of Richard II, p. 14 . 

AscHORE, adv. {A.'S. on cyrre.) 


A moneth after mon myghtte horn a ffond, 
Lyand styll on the grownd, 

Thei myght nouer ryde ne goo. 
Ever after tlie dogges wer so starke, 
Thei stode aschore when thei schuld barke ; 

Her feytt tliei drew hoin soo. 

Eunttyng of the Hare, 1. 256. 




AscHRENCHE, V. (AS. ascreucan.) 

To shrink ; to make to shrink. 

That deth that hi nastondeth nou3t, 
Ac ech othren aachrencketk. 

William de Skoreham. 

AsciLL, 8. Vinegar. Chester Plays, 

ii, 75. See Aisel. 
AsciTE, V. To summon; to call. 
AscLANDBRD, part. p. Slandered. 
AscoN, V. To ask. Rod, Glouc. 


.„., [adv. Across; astride. 

ASKRED, > o . * 

^^^„' [Somerset. 


Nif he'd a pumple-voot bezide 
An a brumstick vor'n to zit ascride^ 
0' wizards a mid be thawt tha pride, 
Amangst a kit o' twenty. 
Jennings' Observations, 1825, p. 118. 

AscRY, V. {A.-N, escrier,) (1.) To 
cry ; to proclaim. 

(2) To assail with a shout. 

(3) To betray. 

(4) To descry, to discover. Pah- 

AscRYVE, r. To asciibe; to impute. 
AsE, (1) *. Ashes. North, 

(2) conj. As. 
AsELB, V, (A.'S,) To seal. 

That brought hym lettres speciele, 
Jselijd witu the barouns sele, 
That tulden hym, hys brotiiir Jhon 
Wolde do corowne hym anon. 

Bichard Cceur de L. 1. 6472. 

AsELY, V, {A,-N,) To assoil, give 

The Englysse al the nyjt byvore vaate 

bygon to synge, 
And soende al the nyjt in glotonye and in 

The Normans ne dude nojt so, ac hii cryede 

on God vaste, 
And ssryve hem ech after other, the wule 

the nyjt y-laste. 
And aniorwe hem lete asely wyth mylde 

hcrte ynou. Bob. Glouc., p. 360. 

Abeue, part, p. Seen. 

AsERB, V. {A,-S, asearian.) To be- 

come dry. 

Nou ben liise bowes awai i-sschore, 
And nioetiel of hise beauts forlore — 
Tharfore that olde tre let his pride. 
And asered bi that o side. 

Sevyn Sages, 1. 606. 

AsERVE, V. (l) To deserve. 

(2) To serve. 
AsEssE, V, To cause to cease ; to 


But he bethoughte hym, aftyr thenne, 
Tliat he woide leve ther al hys menne. 
And, with his pryvy meyu6, 
Into Yngelond tnenne wolde be. 
And asesse the werre anon 
Betwyxe hym and hys brother Jhon. 

Eic/iara CoBur de L., 1. 6311. 

AsETH, s. Satisfaction for an injury. 

We may not be assoyled of tho trespas, 
Bot if we make tueth in that at we nmy. 
MS. Hart., 1022, f. 68 b. 

AsETNES, 8. {A.-S, asetnt/s.) A re- 

This ilke abbot at Ramsai 
Jsetnes set in his abbai, 
That in this servis for to stand 
Ai quilis that abbai be lastaiid. 

MS. Med., cited in Boucher. 

ASEWE, V .jg. Tq ^q^^^^ 

ASIWE, J ^ ' 

Alisaundre wente ageyn 
Quyk asiweth him ai his men. 

K. Alisaunder, 1. 2494. 

AsEW, adv. Applied to a cow when 
drained of her milk, at the sea- 
son of calving. Somerset. 
AsEWRE, adj. Azure. 
AsEWRYD, part. p. Assured. 
AsEYiiT, part. p. (A.-S.) Lost. 

Al liere atyl and tresour was al-so aseynt. 

Bob. Glouc, p. 51. 

As-FAST, adv. Anon ; immediately. 
AsGAL, #. A newt. Shropsh. 
Ash. (1) Stubble. South, " Le 

tressel, asche of corn." Walter 

de Bibblesworth, 

(2) To ask. Lane, See Ass. 
Ash-bin, s. A receptacle for ashes 

and other dirt. Line, 
AsH-CANDLES, 8. The seed pod of 

the ash-tree. Dorset, 
AsHELT, adv. Probably ; perhaps. 

Lane, It is usually pronounced 

as two words. 
Ashen, s. Ashes. North, 
AsHERLAND, s. "Assarts, or wood- 
land grub'd and ploughed up." 


Old Winter, clad ld high fumi, bIiowui of 
AppMriflg in his ejfa. wIiq ilill dolh px 

Be<imi4!t Mrmiagi lViBiij>A>, ISIS. 
AiBiBH, adt. Sideways. Somerut. 

The fruit of 
The failure of ■ crop of uh-keyi 
' beliered in aome parts to por- 
iid a death in the royal familv. 


Jfardeit's SMTvrjor't Dialogue, IfilO- 

■'""■;„ 1.. H.,.or.,md 
' I ''*°*' f" building. 

Ashlar- WALL, I. Anal), the Monei 
of which are hewn in regular 
course and aize. "An athler wall, 
free-stone hewed with a mason's 
IX into smoothness, q. aitler." 
Thoreiby'i Letter lo Ray, 1703. 
"A Aight of arrows, that harmed 
an aiblar-wall aa little aa many 
li^istones." The Abbot, 

Ashore, adj. (AS.) Aside. Well. 

a the 

:e Aichore. 

a fitted to tlie 

under part of the grate, to receive 

the Hslies from the fire. Line. 

kaa.-Taoa,t. A coal-icutlle, North. 




AsiLB, a. (Lai.) An asylum. 

Abin, oi^'. Made of ashen wood. 
Mydeare Wmrlk. if your lionor acd m- 
diMii could accord with tiie loB of iji 


one'ioin't'fan' t^ tl°e >^i > iih ror, 
buliidilaunolthitlwold. I-ildo 

be "tocctri 'bolfl bj ■« ind lanii, JM mid 
tliBlKilhallsiinlt i»ULblii,nidletlliis 
my •criblmp hnnd wiiiifs il to Uiciu 

t. Easingl. ShrapiH. 
To ail against, so as to 
e the Wow without being 

^^ ' f water nev 

and ixdern thir he fani]. 


AsEAUNCK, oifD. Aside ; siilewajs. 

tew, and given ai the same woid 
ia Xider- a Dictionarie. i6i0. See 

Assx.t.{A.-S.) Toask; torequire. 
Ho an liil tempreth l>y power. 

^»g Muaaidrr, I tJK. 

Abkutibe, I, (A.-S.) A Are blower. 
The word is translated by ciaiflo 
in the Prompt. Part. " Ciniflo, 
a fyre hlowere, an yryn hetere, 
an aakefyce." MS. Medulla. In 
the Prompl. Farv. we find the 
following entry, " Aikeflit. d- 
niflo." It seems that aakefiie 
was ased in a conlemptuoui 
sense to signify a man who re. 




mained snug at home while 

others went out to exercise tUeir 

AsKEN, 8. pi. Ashes. 
AsKER, «. (1) A scab. 

(2) A land or water newt. P^ar, 

AsKES, 8, Ashes. See A88, 
Askew, adv, Kyiry, Bare f 8 Alve- 

ariCt 1580. 
AsKiLE, adv. Aslant; obliquely; 


Wliat tho' the scomfol waiter looks askile, 

Aud pouts and frowns and curseth thee 

the wliile. JSp. Hall, Sat,, v, 2. 

Askings, «. The publication of 

marriage by banns. Yorksh. 

AsKOF, adv. Deridingly; in scoff. 

Alisaimder lokid eukof. 
As he no gef nouglit therof. 

Aliaaunder, 1. 874. 

AsKOWSK, V. To excuse. 

Bot thow can askowseWit, 
Thow schalt abev, y till the. 

Frere and the Boy, st. xxxv. 

AsKRTE, t. A shriek ; a shout. 

AsKusE, V. To accuse. 

Owre Lord gan appose them of ther grete 
Bothe to oikuse hem of ther synful blame. 
Lttdus Coventria, p. 2. 

AsKY, (1) adj. Dry; parched. 


(2) V. {A.'S. a8cian.) To ask. 

To aski that never no wes. 
It is a fole askeing. 

5tr2VM^rm,p. 209. 

AsLAKE, V, {A.'S. a8lacian.) To 
slacken, or mitigate. 
Her herte to ease 
And the ilesshe to please 
Sorowes to aslake. 

TheBoke of May d Endyn, 

AsLASH, adv. Aslant; crosswise. 

AsLAT, adj. Cracked, as an earthen 
vessel. Devon, 

A-SLAWE, part. p. Slain. For 
y-slawe ; in this and similar cases 
of verbs, a- prefixed merely re- 
presents the usual y- or i-. 

AsLBN, adv. Aslope. Somer8et, 

AsLEPflD, part, p. Sleepy. 

And VernHgu, at that cas, 
So sore asleped was, 
He no might lii^lit no more. 

Rouland and Vemagu, p. 21. 

As LET, adv. Obliquely. 

Acyde or ucydenandys, or aslet or 
asloute: Oblique vel alatere. Prompt. 
Fare. Aslet or aslowte : Oblique, lb. 

AsLEw, adv. Aslant. Sussex. 

AsLiDE, V. To slide away ; to de- 

X'Shou, part.p. Slain. 

Aslope, adv. Sloping. 

A8LOPBN,/7ar^./7. Asleep. An un- 
usual form, used by Middleton 
the dramatist apparently for the 
mere purpose of rhyme. 

AsLOSH,a^27. Aside. " Stand a«/o«A, 
wooll ye ?** 

AsLOUGH, pret. t. 8. Aslowerif pi. 
Slew ; killed. 

Asloute, adv. Obliquely. Prompt, 
Parv, See Aslet. 

AsLUPPE, V. (A.'S.) To slip away; 
to escape. 

Betere is taken a comeliche y-clothe. 
In armes to cusse ant to cluppe. 

Then a wrecche y-wedded so wrotlie, 
Thidi he me slowe, ne myhti him asluppe. 

Lyric Poetry, p. 88. 

^^^^' \adv. Willingly. North, 

ASTLY, J ° '' 

AsMATRYK, *. Apparently a cor- 
ruption of arithmetic. Coventry 
Mysteries f p. 189. 

AsMELLE, v. To smell. 

Asocis, v. {A.'N, associer.) To 

AsoFTE, v. To soften. 

AsoMPELLE, 8. An example. MS. 

AsoNDRi, adv. {A.-S. on sundran.) 
Asunder ; separately. 

Asondry were thei nevere, 
Na moore than niyn hand may 
Meve withoute my fyngres. 

Piers PL, p. 358. 

AsoNKE, pret, t. Sunk. 
AsooN, adv. At even. North. 
AsosHE, ladv. Awry; aslant. 
AsnosuE, J East. SeeAswash. la 




the time of Henry VIII, Palsgrave 
introduced this word into his 
Dictionary, intended for the spe- 
cial instruction of the Princess 
Mary, and has added in ex- 
planation, '*as one weareth his 

A-souND, adv. In a swoon. 

AsouRE, a. "Gumme of asoure.'^ 
Rpliq. Antig.f i, 53. The meaning 
is uncertain. 

AsoYLE, V. See Assoile. 

AsoYLiNGE, 8. Absolution. 

AsoTNEOE, part.p. Excused; re- 

Asp, 8, The aspen tree. A Here- 
fordshire word. It occurs in 
Florios New World of Words, 
1611. p. 68. 

AsPARE, V. (from ^.-5. asparian,) 

To spare. 

And seyen he was a nygard, 
That no good myghte atpare 
To frend ne to freromed. 

PiVr*PZ., p.803. 

AsPAUD, adv. Astride. North, 

AsPECCiouN, 8, {A.'N.) Sight. 

AsPBCHE,«. A serpent. ^ttAspick, 

the more usual form. 

AsPECTE, 8. Expectation. 

Tlie 10. of Jun I was discharged from 
hnnds at the assizes contrary to the 
aspecte of all men. Forman*s Diary. 

AspEN-LEAF, 8, Metaphorically, 
the tongue. 

For if they myghte be snifred to begin 
ones in the congregaciou to M in 
disputing, those aspen-leaves of theirs 
would never leave wxggyng. 

Sir T. Mote's Workes, p. 769. 

AsPER, t. A kind of Turkish coin. 

ASPERAUNCB, 8. {A.-N.) IIopC. 

For esperaunce. 
AsPERAUNT, adj. (A.'N.) Bold. 

And have horses avenaunt. 

To hem stalworthe and aspnaimt. 

Allsanndtr, 1. 4871- 

AsPERGiNG, 8. A sprinkling. 

ASPERLICHE, 1 , n 11 

AsPERNATioN, «. (Za/.; Neglect; 

AsPERNB, V. (Lat.) To disregard. 
Aspersion, 8. (Lat,) A sprinkling. 
AsPHODiL, 8. A daffodil. 
AspiCK, «. ( 1 ) A species of serpent, 

an asp. 

So Pharaohs rat yer lie begin the fray 
'Gainst the blinde aspick, with a cleaving 

Upon his coat he iKTaps an eartlien cake, 
Wliich afterward the suns hot beams doo 

bake. SyUester's Du Bartas. 

(2) The name of a piece of ord- 
nance, which carried a twelve 
pound shot. 
AsPiE, (1) V. {A.-N.) To espie; 
to discover. 

Sche hath at scole and ^es wher him 

Til fyiially sche gan of hem aswe, 
That he was last sevn in the Jewerie. 

Chaucer, Cant. T.,l. 15001. 

(2) 8. A spy. 
AspiLL, 8. A rude or silly clown* 

AspiouR, 8. A spy ; a scout. 
As pyre, v. (Lat.) (1) To inspire. 

God allowed, assysted, and aspyred them 
by his grace therein. 

Sir T. Mare's Works, p. 927. 

(2) To breathe; to blow. The 
word occurs with this explanation 
in Rider* 8 Dictionarie, 1640. It 
is used by Shakespeare as a verb 
active, to ascend, without the 
particle which now usually ac- 
companies this word. 

TTntil our bodies turn to elements. 
And both our souls omtrtf celestial thrones. 
Marlowe's TamAurlaine, 1590. 

Aspirement, 8. Breathing. 
Asportation, 8, {Lat.) A carrying 

^Zll Iff (^-^•) Sharp, 
r hitler. 


And makest fortune wrath and asper 
by thine impjicicnce. 

Chaucer's Buelhius, p. 36C, col. 1. 




He saith that the wnytuheavenisstraite 
and aspre and painful. 

SirT. Mare's Works, p. 74. 

AspREAD, pari. p. Spread out. 

AspRELT, adv. Roughly. 

AspRENESSE, 8. Roughncss. 

AsPRONG, pret. t. Sprung. 

AsPROus, flrf/. Bitter; angry; in- 
clement. Leic. They say, "It's 
a very aspWous day." 

AsauAP.atfv. Sitting on the houghs. 

AsauARE,! <Kfe. On the square; 
ASWARE, J at a safe distance. 

And swore by seyut Amya8, that he shiild 

With stroks hard and aore, even oppon the 

rigge ; 
Yf he hym myght fynd, he nothing wold 

hvni spare. 
Tha't lierd the pardoner wele, and held hym 

better asquare. 

Prol. to Hist. ofBeryn, 1. 591. 

AsauiNT, adv. Awry. 




8. pi. {A.'S.asce^ asce.) 
Ashes. Pronounced 
ess in Staffordshire, 
Cheshire, and Derby- 
shire. It occurs in the 
singular, ** Aske or 
asshe: cinis yel ciner." 
Prompt, Parv. 

The wynde of thilke belyes scholde 
never poudre ne aschen abyde, that is 
dedleche man. which is seid that aschen 
and poudre and dong is. 

Romance of the Monk, MS., f. 66 b. 

And brend til asken al bidcne. 

Havelok, 1. 2841. 

Thynk man, he says, askes ertow now, 
And into askes agayn turn saltow. 

MS. Cott., Galha, £ ix, f. 75. 

Therwith the fuyr of jelousyeupsterte 
Withinne his brest, and heut him by the 

So wodly, that lik was he to byholde 
The box-tree, or the asschen deed and colde. 
Chaucer, Cant. T., 1. 1301. 

Their heresies be burned up, and fai 
as flatte to ashen. 

Sir T. More*s Works, p. 446. 

y wolde suche damsellys yn fyre were 

That tlie asskes with the wynde awey 

myght fly. Reliq. Antiq.t i, 29. 



Ass, V. To ask ; to command. Cnmb. 
and Lane. This form occurs in 
MSS. of the 14th and 15th 

8. Gold tinsel. See 
Arsadine and Assi- 
due. There is a 
charge of 2d. for 
" assady and redde 
wax" in the ac- 
counts of the expences for a play 
at Coventry in 1472, published 
in Sharp's Dissertation^ p. 193. 
The word is spelt with many 
variations, and in the one series of 
accounts just mentioned it oc- 
curs in the following different 
forms : 

Expens. ayenst midsomer nyght ; 
Imprimis, assady to the crests . vj. d. 

1477. Item, for assadyn, silver papur. and 

gold papur, gold foyle, and grene 
loyle . . . ^. s. ij. d. 

1478. Item, for assaden for the harnes x. d. 

1494. Item, payd for a paper of arse- 
dyke . , . . xg. d. 

AssAiES, 8. ** At all assaies," t. e., 
in all points. 

Shorten thou these wicked daies; 
Thinke on thine oath at all assaies. 
Drayton's Harmonie of the Church, 1591. 

Assail, s. An attack. 

My parts had power to charm a sacred sun. 
Who, discipiin d and dieted m grace, 
Believ'd her eyes when 1 th' assail begun. 
Shakesp., Lover's CompUiint. 

AssALVE, V. To salve ; to allay. 

Assart, s. (A.-N.) Assart lands, 
parts of forests cleared of wood, 
and put into cultivation, forwhich 
rents were paid, termed assart 
rents. It is used also as a verb. 

Assassinate, s. Assassination. 

What hast thou done. 
To make this barbarous hnse assassinate 
Lpon the person of a prince? 

Daniel's Civil Wars, iii,78. 

AssATioN, t. {Lat.) Roasting. 
Assault, 1 adv. Maris appefensy 
ASSAUT, / said of a bitch or other 
female of animals, and sometimes 




ASSAWTB, J Still used in Shrop- 

m a contemptuous sense of a 

Catuljre dicitur canis, ^ kvmv (rxv^Sv, 
quando in Venerem prurit. Demanaer 
le masle. To goe assaut or proud, hs a 
bitch dotU. Nometiciator, 1585. 

And whanne the fixene be (usaut, and 

Sith yn hure love, and ache secheth tlie 
gge fox, she cryeth with an hoos 
voys, as a wood hound doith. 

MS. Bodl., 646. 

If any man withinne the lordshipe 
holde any sicke that goeth assault 
withinne the same lordshipe, he shal 
make a fine for hir unto the lord of 

Regulations of the StewSt I5tk cent. 
Assaut, 1 *. {^..N.) An assault. 


And by assaut he wan the cit6 aftur. 
And rente doun bothe wal and sparre, 
and raftnr. Chaucer, Cant. T., 991. 
And at tbe lond-gate, kyng Richard 
Held his assawte like hard. 

Richard Coer delion, 1900. 

AssAUTABLE, odj. Capable of 

being taken. 

AssAVE, V, To save. 

Assay, «. {A.-N.) (1) Essay ; trial. 

After asay, then may «e wette ; 
Why blame je me w'ithoute offence ? 
Bitson's Ancient Songs, p. 103. 

(2) An examination of weights 
and measures, by the clerk of the 
market; also of silver in the 

(3) The process of drawing a 

knife along the belly of a deer, 

beginning at the brisket, to try 

how fat he is; it was culled, 

taking assay, or say. 

Gedered the erettest 
of gres that tlier were, 
and didden hem derely nndo, 
as thedede askez; 
serctied liem at the asay 
Bumme that tlier were, 
two fyngeres thay fonde 
of the tuwlest of alle. 

Gawgn and the Gr.Kn., 1. 2897. 

(4) The point at which the knife 
of the hunter was inserted in the 
breast of the buck, for the pur- 
pose of ascertaining his fatness. 

At the assay kitte him, that lordcs may 

Anon fat or lene, whether that he bee ;— 
At the chaules to bcgvn, soone as ye may. 
And sht him downe to tlie assay^ 
And fro the assay, even down to the bely 
shal ye slyt. 

Book of St. Albans, chap. **Hau} ye 
shall breke an Hart.'* 

(5) The most frequent use of the 
term in former times, was in 
matters relating to the office of 
praelibator, or taster, in palaces, 
and the houses of barons, where 
there was an officer, who was 
called the assayer. The sewer 
most commonly took the assaie; 
but the other officers also some- 
times did the same ; such as the 
panter, who tasted the contents 
of the trenchers ; the yeoman of 
the ewrie, who drank of the 
water with which the lord was 
to wash his hands ; the marshall 
saluted the towel, with which he 
was to wipe his hands, by way of 
assaie; and the cup-bearer was 
to swallow a small portion of the 
liquor which he presented, as an 
assaie. In short, so great were 
the apprehensions of poison and 
danger in untried food, that no 
viands were served up at the 
tables of the great, without being 
first assaied, 

Kyng Rychardsate downe to dyner, and 
was served witliout curtesie or assaye • 
he muche mervaylyng at the sodnyne 
mutacion of the thyng, demaunded of 
the esquier why he dydnot his duety 

Hall, Henry ir, f. 14. 

(6) Metaphorically, the attempt, 

the moment of doing a thing. 

And ryght as he was at assaye, 
Hys lykyng vanyscht all aw'aye. 
Le Bone Florence of Rome, 1. 1600. 

(7) Experience. 

Shorte wytted men and lyttell of assise, 
saye that Paradyse islonge sayilyuge out 
of tlie erthe that men dwelle iune, and 
also departeth frome the erthe, and is 
as liyghe as the moue. 
Quotation in Notes to Morte d' Arthur. 
p. 472. 




AssAYE, V. {A-N.) To try; to 
prove ; to taste. 

"Ccrtes," quod ?radence, "if yc wil 
wirche by my counseil, ye schul not 
assaye fortune by no maner way, ne 
schul not lene uebowe unto hire, after 

Chaucer, T. ofMeUheus. 

Hereupon the conipanie a$»ayei to 
convey it to St Augustines. 

Lombard^ s PerambukUum, p. 116. 

Contynewynge which feaste, twoo noble 
and yonge knightis amonge other hap- 

})ened to oMfjr eyther otner in wrast- 
ynge. Trevisa, f. 84. 

Assayed, ;7ar/. /7. Satisfied. Phil- 
pot's Works, p. 376. 

Assaying,*. ''An aMaytn^, or flour- 
ishing with a weapon before one 
begins to play." Rider's Die- 
iionarie, 1640. ** Assaying t a 
terra usM by musicians, for a 
flourish before they begin to 
play." Kersey's English Die- 
tionary, 1715. 

Assaynb, 8. A term in hare hunt- 
ing. B. of SI. AlbanSf sig. d, iv. 

AssBuuRD, s. A box for ashes. 

AsscHREiNT. See Asshreint. 

AssE. In the following passage at 
asse seems to mean prepared. 

And fond our men alle at asse. 
That the Paiens no mi^ht passe. 

Arthour ana Merlin, p. 278. 

Assease, v. {low Lat.) To cease. 

Assecure,o. (1) To make sure of ; 

to make safe. 

And so hath Henrie assecftr'd that side, 
And therewithal! his state of Gasconie. 

DanieVs Civil Wars, iv, 9. 

(2) To give assurance. 

Assecurance, 1 
assecuration, J *' 

AssEcuTioN, s. {Lat.) Acquire- 
ment ; the act of obtaiifing. 

AssE-EARB, s. The herb comfrey. 
Nomenclatort 1585, p. 137. 

AssEER, V. To assure. Yorksh. 

AssEGs, s, {A.'N.) A siege. 


Swiche wondring was ther on this hors of 

That sin the gret assege of Troye was, 
Tlier as men wondred on an hors also, 
Ne was ther swiche a wondring, as was 

tho. Chaucer, Cant. T., {Tyrw,) L 10620. 

Moreover his ordre of asseges, plantyng 
of campes, settvng of battaiies, are left 
behind at this day to our instruction. 
lHstitacion,ofa Gentleman, 1S68. 

AssBLE, V. To seal. 
AssEMBLABLE, s. Likcuess. 

Every thinge that berithe lyfe desyreth 
to be conjoynyd to his assembleabfe ; 
and every, man shall be assocyate to his 
owne symylitude. 

DieU. of Creatures Moralised, p. 96. 

AssEMBLAVNCE, «. Rescmblance. 

AssEMBLEMENT, s, A gathering. 

AssEMYLE, V. To asscmblc. 

AssENB, 8, pi. Asses. 

AssENEL, s. Arsenic. Prompt. P. 

Assent, {A.-N.) (1) adj. Consent- 
ing ; agreeing. 

(2) s. Consent ; agreement. 

Tlie wyfes of ful higlie prudence 
Have of assent mnde titer avow. 

Lydgate's Minor Foems, p. 184. 

(3) part. p. Sent. 

Assentation, s. {Lat.) Flattery. 

AssENTATOR, t. A flatterer. 

Assention, t. Consent. Herrick. 

AssENYCKE, 8. Arseuic. Palsgrave. 

AssEPERSBLiE, s. The plant cher- 
vil. Nomenclatort 1585, p. 131. 

Asses-foot, s. The herb coltsfoot. 

AssETH, adv. {A.'N.) Sufficiently ; 

enough. See Aseth. 

Ncvir shall make his ricliesse 
Asseth unto his gredinesse. 

Rom. of the Rose, 5600. 

AssETTE, V. To assail. 

AssHE, V. To ask. See Ass. 

AssHEAo, s. A blockhead ; a fool. 

Ass-HEARD, t. A keeper of asses. 

Ass-HOLE,«. A receptacle for ashes. 

Asshreint, 1 part. p. (from 
ASSCHREINT, } A.-S. screncoHy to 
deceive.) Deceived. The infini- 
tive of the verb would be assh- 




A ! dame, be saide, ich tras assrhreint, 
Idi weiide thou haddeat ben ndreint. 

Sepyn Sages, 1. 1486. 

Tliegyoures loveden the kyng nongkth, 
And wolden hare him bycaa^chth. 
Hy ledden hym therfore, als I fyude. 
In the straungest peryl oi Ynde. 
Ac, BO ich fynde in tlte book, 
Hy were asskreynl in her crook. 

K. Alitaunder, 1. 4819. 

AssiDUAL, adj. {Lat.) Constant. 

As by the san we set our dvals, so 
(Madam) we set onr pietys by you ; 
Without whose light, we shud in dark* 

ness be. 
And nothing tmely good nor rertuous 

Ton in the Temple so assidual are, 
Yonr whole life seems but one continued 

prayer. FUcknoe's Epigrams^ 1670. 

AssiDVALLT, adv. Constantly. 
AssiDUATB, adj. Constant; un- 
remitting ; daily. 

By the astiduate labonre of hys wyfe 
Ethelburga, See. labian, i. 14d. 

AssiDUE, t. A word used in Ilal- 
lamshire, a district of the county 
of York, to describe a species of 
yellow tinsel mnch used by the 
mummers at Christmas, and by 
the rustics who accompany the 
plough on Plough Monday in its 
rounds through the parish* as 
part of their fantastic decoration. 
It occurs in an old shop-bill, 
as synonymous with horse^old. 
See Arsedine and Atsady. 

AssiEOB, V. (Fr.) To besiege. 
Rider^t Dictionaries 1640. 

AssiL-TOOTH, «. A grinder. North. 

AssiL-TRSB, t. An axle-tree. 

AssiMULATiON, t. {Lat.) Assimi- 

Besides these three sereral operations 
of digestion, there is a fonrfolu order of 
concoction : mastication, or chewing in 
the mouth; chylification of this so 
chewed meat in the stomach ; the third 
is in the liver, to turn tiiis clivlus into 
blood, called sanguification; the last is 
assimuiatum, which is in every part. 

BurUm, A*. ofMeL, ▼. i, 29. 

AssiMULB, V. To assimilate; to 


AssiNDE, part. p. Assigned. 
AssiNEGO, 1 «. A Portuguese word, 
AsiNEGO, J meaning a young ass : 

used generally for a silly fellow ; 

a fool. 

Thou hast no more brains than I ha«'e 
in my elbows; an easinego may tutor 
thee. Tro. and Cret., ii, 1. 

Wlien in the interim they apparell'd 

me as you see, 
Made a fool, or an anmgo of me, kc. 

0. PL, X, 109. 

All this would be forsworn, and I again 
an asincgOt as your sister left me. 

B. and Fl., Scornf. Lady. 

B. Jonson has a pun against Inigo 

Jones, on this word : 

Or are vou so ambitious 'hove your peers. 
You'd be an ass iniyo by your years. 

Epigrams, vol. vi, p. 290. 

Assise, «. {A.-N.) (1) Place; si- 

There ne was not a point tmely. 
That it has in his right assise. 

Bom. of the Bose, 1237. 

(2) A Statute. 

Sire, he said, bi God in heven, 
Thise lK)ilouo8 that boilen seven, 
Bttocnen thine seven wise. 
That hau i-wrowt ayen the assise. 

Sevyn Sages, I 2490. 

(3) A judgement. 

The kyng he sende word ajeyn, that he 

hadde ys franchise 
In ys owne court, for to loke domes 

and asise. Bob. Gloue., p. 53. 

Ur elder God did Jhesum rise. 
The quilc gie hang vi-ith fals asise, 


(4) A regulation ; rule ; order. 

And after mete the lordys wyse, 
Every che yn dywers queyntyse, 
To daunce went, by ryght asyse. 

Octotian, L 81 

(5) Assizes. 

50W to teche God hath me sent. 

His lawys of lyff that am ful wyse ; 
niem to lern be dyligent, 
50ure soulys may thei save at the 
last asyse. 

Coventry Mysterifs, p. 60. 

(6) Things assigned; commo- 




Whan ther comes marchanndise, 
With corn, wyu, and steil, othlr other 

To heore lond any schip, 
To house they wnllith auon skyppe. 

£. Jlisaunder, 1. 7074. 

(7) The long assise, a term of 

Nou bothe her wedde lys, 

And play thai bisiune ; 
And sett he hath the long asise. 

And endred beth therinne : 
Tlie play biginneth to arise, 

Tristrem deleth atuinne. 

Sir Tristrem. 

(8) Measure. In the romance 
of Sir Tryamour (MS. in the 
Cambridge Public Library), after 
the hero has cut off the legs of a 
giant, he tells him that they are 
both " at oon assyse,** i. e. of the 
same length. 

(9) V. To settle ; to confirm ; to 

AssisH, adj. Foolish. **Asindggme, 

assishnesse, blockish nesse.'' Flor. 
AssKES, «. Ashes. See Ass, 
Ass-manure, t. Manure of ashes. 

AssMAYHED, part, p. Dismayed. 
Ass-midden, s. A heap of ashes ; 

a mixen. North, 
AssNooK, adv. Under the grate. 

AssoBRE, V. To render calm. 

And thus I rede thou assohre 
Tiiyn lierte, in hope of such a "Tace. 
Gower's Confessio Jmtuitis, b. vl. 

Associate, v. {Lat.) To accom- 

\ Going to find a bare-foot brother out. 
One of our order, to associate me. 

Romeo and Juliet, v, 2. 

AssoiL, V. To soil. 

AssoiLE, 1 V, (A.'N,) (1) To ab- 

ASSoiLLE, > solve; acquit; set at 

ASOYLE, J liberty. 

And so to ben assoilled. 
And siththen ben houseled. 

Fiers PL, p. 419. 

I at my own tribunal am a^soiVd, 
Yet fearing others censure am embroil'd. 


Here he his subjects all, in general, 
Assoylea, and quites of oath and fealtie. 
Dan. Civ. Wars, ii, 111. 

Pray devoutly for the sonle, whom God 
assoyle, of one of the most worship] ul 
knights in his dayes. 

Epitaph, in Camden's Rem. 

Those that labour to oj^^Z^ the Prophet 
from sinne in this his disobedience, 
what do they else but cover a naked 
body with fig-leaves, &c. 

King on Jonah, p. 566. 

But, if we live in an age of iudevotiou, 
we think ourselves well assoiVd, if we 
be warmer than their ice. 

Taylor*s Great Exemplar, p. 68. 

(2) To solve ; to answer. " I 

assoyle a hard question : Je souls." 


Caym, come fibrthe and answere me, 
Asoyle my qwestyon anon-ryght. 

Coventry Mysteries, p. 38. 

(3) To decide. 

In th' other hand 

A pair of waights, with which he did as- 

Both more and lesse, where it in doubt 
did stand. On Mutab., canto vii, 38. 

AssoiLE, s. Confession. 

When we speake by way of riddle (enig- 
ma) of which the senca can hardly ht 
picked out, but by the parties owiie 
assoile. Futtenh., iii, p. 157, repr. 

AssoiNE, (1) s, (A,'N.) Excuse; 
delay. See Essoine, 

Therfore hit lii5te Babiloyne, 
That shend thing is withouten assoyne. 
Cursor Mundi, MS. Trin. Cantab., f. 16. 
At Yenyse com up Alisaunder ; 
Pes men blewe and no loud sclaunder. 
His lettres he sent, withouten assoyne, 
Anon into Grace-Boloyne. 

Alisaunder, 1. 144S. 

(2) V, To excuse ; to delay. 

The scholde no weder me assoine. 

flor. and Blanch., 67. 

AssoMON, V. To summon. 

AssoRTB, s, {A.'N.) An assembly. 
" By one assorte" in one com- 

AssoTE,! r. (A.'N.) (1) To besot, ^ 
ASSOT, J or infatuate; used by 
Spenser, who also employs it for 
the participle assotted. 

Willy e, I ween theu be assoi. 





(2) To dote on ; to be infatuated ; 
used especially by Gower. 

This wyfe, whiche in her Instes grene 
Was fayre and fresshe and tender of age. 
She may not let the courage 
Of bym, that wol on her assote. 

Gower, ed. 1582, f. 12. 

AssowB, adv. In a swoon. 

Ass-plum, s. A sort of plum, men- 
tioned by florio. 

As8-RiDDLiN,«. A superstitious cus- 
tom practised in the North of 
England upon the eve of St. 
Mark, when ashes are sifted or 
riddled on the hearth. It is be- 
lieved that if any of the family 
shall die within the year, the shoe 
of the fated individual will leave 
an impression on the ashes. 

AssuB JUGATE, V. To subjugate. 

AssuE, 1 adv. A term applied to a 
AZEW, j cow when drained of her 
milk at the season of calving. 
Somerset. Dorset, 

AssuMBNT, s. {Lat. assumentum.) 
A patch or piece set on. 

Assume, part. p. {Lat. assumptus.) 
Raised It occurs in Hall, Henry 
VI, f. 61, and should perhaps be 

Assumpsit, s. A promise. It is 
properly a law terra, but in the 
following passage it is used in a 
general sense. 

Tbe king, whom now a doubted hope of 

profered helpe made glad. 
Hade promise of two milk white steedes 

as cmefest gemmes he had. 
Brave Hercules, whose ventrous heart did 

onely hunt for fame, 
Accepts th' eusumpsit, and prepares the 

fiendlike fish to tame. 

Wamer^a Albion's England, 1592. 

AssuMPT, «. (/v.) To take up from 
a low place to a high place. 

Assurance, t. Affiance ; betroth- 
ing for marriage. Pembroke*9 
jireadia,p. 17. 

JLBSVB.DB, v.({rom Fr.sourdre.) To 
break forth. Sketton, fVorks, i, 

AssuBBi «. (1) To confide. 

(2) To affiance; to betroth. 


There lovely Amoret, that was assured 
To lusty Perigot, bleeds out her life. 

Beaumont and Fl., ii, 107. 

(3) s. Assurance. Chaucer, ed. 
Urry, p. 432. 

Asswythe, adv. Quickly. 

Thay la^ed and made hem blythe 
Wyth lotez that were to lowe; 
To soper they jede asswythe 
'Wyth dnyntea nwe innowe. 

Gawayn and the Green A*., 1. 2528. 

AssTGGE, s. A hunting term. Peiw 
haps for assiege, or a siege. 

Te ahull sa^, ilUosque, illeosgue, alwey 
whan they fynde wele of hym, and theu 
ye shul keste out assygge al abowte the 
feld for to se where be be go out of the 
pasture, or ellis to his foorme. 

Seliq. Antiq.t i, 153. 

AssYNE, V. To join. 

Syns they be so loth to be assyned. 

Playe called the ^oure FP. 

AssTNG, V. To assign. 

AsT. Asked. North. The same 

form occurs in MSS. of the i4th 

and 15th cent. 
AsTA. Hast thou. Yorksh. 


AST AT, >8. {A.'N.) State. 


Tiianne is accidie enemy to every astani 
of man. Chaucer, Personet '£ 

Wlian he is set in his astat, 

Thre thevys be brout of synfiil gyae. 

Coventry mysteries, p. 12. 

The kyng lay in the palois of York, and 
kept ms astute soleniply. 

MS. Coll. Arm., L. ix. 

AsTABiLisHB, V. To establish. 

AsTABLE, V. To confirm. 

AsTANTE, V. To stand by. 

The might him se astant the by. 

Bembrun, p. 479. 

AsTAUNCHB, V. To Satisfy; to 


And castethe one to chese to hir delite 

That may better astaunche hir appetite. 

Lydgat^s Minor Poems, p. 30. 

AsTE, eonj. As if; although. 
AsTEBR, adv. Active; bustling 
stirring abroad; astir. North. 




AsTELY, adv. Hastily. 

Or els, Jesu, y aske the rcyd, 
Astely that y wer deyd ; 

Tkerto Gk)d helpe me then 1 

Sir Amadas, 1. 896. 

AsTENtE, pret, t of asiinte. (A,'S.) 

Aster, s. Easter. North and 

AsTERDE, V. (A.-S.) To escape. 
Astbrism,«. (^r.) A constellation. 
AsTERTK, V. {A.'S.) (1) To escape. 

For mnn was maad of swich a matere, 
He may n(^ht wel eaterte. 
That ne som tvme hym bitit 
To fulwen his Kynde. 

Piers PI. p. 226. 

And so began there a quatele 
Betwene love and her owne herte, 
!FrO whiche she couthe not aaterte. 
Gower's Conf. Am., ed. 1533, f.70. 

(2) To release. 

And smale tythers thay were fonly schent. 
If eny persoun wold upon hem plevue, 
Ther might astert him no pecuniafpeyne. 
Chaucer, Cant. T., 6894. 

(3) To alarm ; to take unawares. 

No danger there the sliepherd can astert. 
Spens., Eel. Nov., v. 187. 

(4) To trouble; to disturb. 
Asterte or astered, troubled, dis- 

AsTBTNTE, part, p. Attainted ? 

What dostow here, unwrast gome? 
Tor thyn harm thou art hider y-come 1 
He I fyle asteynte horesone 1 

K. Alisaunder, 1. 880. 

AsTiOR, V. {A.-S.) To ascend ; to 
mount upwards. Astiegungt &»• 
cension. Vergtegan. 

And whan sche drow to his chaumber sche 

dede fol sone 
Here maydenes and other meyn^ mekeli 


WilUam and the Werwolf, p. 66. 

AsTiPULATE, o. (Lat,) To bargain ; 

to stipulate. 
Astipulation,*. (Lat.) An ag;ree- 

ment; a bargain. 

AsTiRE, 8. The hearth. See Asfre 
and Autre. 

Bad her take the pot that sod over the fire. 
And set it aboove upon the astire. 

Utterson's Pop. Poet., ii, 78. 

AsTiRTB, pret. t. Started ; leapt. 
AsTiTB, 1 adv. {A.-S.) Anon; 
ASTYT, > quickly. Kersey, in his 
ALSTYTE. J English Dictionary^ 
1715, gives astite as a North 
country word with the explana- 
tions, "as soon, anon/' taken 
probably from Ray's Collection, 
1674, p. 2. 

€rod moroun, sir Gawayn, 
Sayde that fayr lady, 

ie ar sleper un-slyxe, 
fon may slyde hitter; 
Now ar ^e ton astyt, 
Bot true us may schape. 
Qawayn and the Green K., 1. 1282. 

He dyde on hvs clothys astyte. 

And to seynt Jhon he wrote a skryte. 

MS. Earl, 1701, f. 46 b. 

Ful richeliche he gan him schrede. 
And lepe tistite opoii a stede ; 
For nothing he nold abide. 

Amis and Amiloun, 1. 1046. 

Bot so he wend have passed quite, 
That fel the tother bit'or ahtyte. 

Twaine and Gamn, 1. 686. 

AsTiuNB, 8. A kind of precious 


Ther is saphir, and uninne. 
Carbuncle and astiune, 
Smaragde, lugre, and prassiune. 

Poem on Coeaygne. 

AsTOD, pret. t. of astonde. Stood. 
A-stogg'd, j»flr/. /I. Having one's 
feet fast in clay or dirt. Dorset. 
AsTONDE, V. {A.-S.) To withstand. 
AsTONED, ^part. p. Stunned. 


ASTOUND, ipret.t.andpart.p. 

ASTOUNDED, > [^..^.JAstOnished. 





►» I 
ED, > 


Were wonderfully thereat astonyed. 

Skunhunt** IrtUuidtT^lk 





— Adam, soon as he heard 
The fatal trespass done by Eve, amaz'd, 
Asbmied stooa and blank. 

MiUon, P. L., b. it, I 888. 

Sho was aaUmttyd in that stownde, 
¥or ia hys face sbo saw a wonde. 

Twaine and Gawin, 1. 1719. 

And with, hys hevv mase. of stele 
Tliere he gtuff the Icyng hys dele. 
That hys helme al torove, 
And hym over hys sadell drove; 
And liys styropes he forbare : 
Snch a stroke nad he never are. 
He was so stonyed of that dente 
Tlmt nyeh he had hys lyff rente. 

Z. iUchard, 1.4SI, 

The sodeyn caas the man astoneyd tho. 
That reea he wax, abaischt, and alquakyng 
He stood, unnethe sayd-he wordes mo. 

Chaucer, Cant. T., 8192. 

Sonderliche his man aaUmed 

In his owene mende, 
Wanne he note never wannea he comthe, 

Ne wider he schel wende. 

WilUam de Shoreham. 

So one of his felowes sayde, go nowe 
speake to her. Bat he stode styll all 
astonyed. Tales and Quicke Answers. 

— Hi' elfe therewith ast&wn*d 
Upstarted h^tly from his looser make. 
Spens.t F. Q., I, vii, 7. 

Aston* d he stood, and up his heare did hove. 

lb., I, ii, 31. 

Their horses backs break under them; 

The knights were both aston'd; 
To void their horses they made haste. 

To hght upon the ground. 

Ballad of K%n§ Arthur. 

dstoind with him Achates was, for joy they 

woald have lept 
Te joyne their hands, but fearc againe them 

MM umI close y-kept. 

Phaei's Virgil, 1600. 

Astonish, v. To stun with a blow. 

ilnoagh, captain : you have astonished him. 
Shakesp., Henry V, v, 1. 

Astonne, V, (A.'N.) To confound. 
AsTONY, V, {J.'N.) To astonish. 

Plorio'a New World of Words, 

1611, p. 15. 
AsTOODBD, part. p. Sank fast in 

the ground, as a waggon. Dorset. 
AsTOoa,<Kft;. Shortly; veiy quickly. 

AsTOPA&D, s. An animal, but of 

what kind is uncertain. 

Of Ethiope he was y-bore. 
Of the kind of astopards; 

He had tuskes like a boar. 
An head like a hbbard. 

Ellis's Met. Rom., ii, 890. 

AsTORE, V. To store ; to replenish ; 
to restore. 

At cit6, borwe, and castel, 
Thill were astored swithe wel. 

Arthour and Merlin, p. 90. 

Astound, t>. (A.-N.) To astonish 

AsTOYNYN, V. To shakc ; to bruise. 

Prompt. Part. 
Astraddle, v. To straddle. 
Astragals, s. {Gr. dffrpdycikoi.) 

A game, somewhat like cockall. 

" Astragalizey to play at dice, 

huckle-bones, or tables.'* Biount, 

Glossographia, p. 59. 
Astral, adj. {Lai.) Starry. 
AsTRANGLED, part, p. Strangled; 


For neigh hy weren bothe for thurst 
dstran^Ud, and ek for-prest. 

K. Aliaaunder, 5099. 

AsTRAUGHT, part. p. Terrified; 

AsTRAUNGED, /)ar/. ]9. Estraugcd. 
Astray, «. A stray auiraal. Prompt, 

AsTRAYLY, adv, Astray. Prompt, 

AsTRE, s, (1) (hai.) A star; a 


(2) A hearth. See Estre. 
AsTRELABRE, s. Au astrolabc. 


AsTRETCHB, V. {A.-S.) To rcach. 
AsTREYNYD, part. p. Constrained. 
AsTREYT, adv. Straight. 
AsTRiCK, V. To restrict. State 

Papers, temp. Hen. VIII. 
AsTRicTED, part. p. Restricted. 
AsTRiD, adv. Inclined. Suffolk. 
AsTRiDGB, s. An ostrich. For eS' 

A8TRiDLANDS,a^o. Astnde. North. 
AsTRiNGE, V. {Lat.) To bind; to 





ASTRINGBR, *] 8. {J.'N.) A fal- 

AusTRiNGER, > concr. Iq AU*8 

osTREGiER, J Well that Ends 

Wellf act y, sc. 1, the stage di- 

rection says, ** Enter a gentle 


We usually call a falconer who keeps 
that kind of hawks, an anstringer. 

CoweU's Law Diet. 

AsTRiPOTBNT, 8. (Lot.) Having 
power over the stars. 

AsTROD^o^fv. Straddling. Somerset, 

AsTRODDLiNO, odj. Astnde. Leic. 

AsTRoiE, o. To destroy. 

Abtroit, s. a sort of stone, some- 
times called the star-stone, of 
which Brome, Travels over Eng- 
landt P* 12, mentions finding 
many at Lassington, in Glou- 
cestershire, and gives a particular 
account of them. 

Astrology, s, A herb mentioned 
by Palsgrave, and perhaps the 
same as the aristologie. 

AsTROMiEN, 8. {A.'N.) An astro- 
nomer, or astrologer. 

Of gold he made a table, 
Al ful of steorren, saun fable, 
And thougte to seyn, amouges men, 
That he is an astromyen. 

Alisaunder, L 186. 

Astronomer, s. An astrologer. 
Astronomer's game. s. 

Gentlemen, to solace their wearied 
mindes by honest pastimes, playe at 
chesse, the astronotner's game, and the 
philosopher's game, which whettes thyr 
wittes, recreates theyr minds, and hurts 
no body in the meane season. 

Lupton's Too Good to be True. 

AsTROPHEL, s, A bitter herb; 
probably starwort. 

My little flock, whom earst I lov*d so well, 
Aud wont to feed with finest grasse that 
Feede ye henceforth on bitter astrofeU, 
Ajid stinking smallage and nnsaverie me. 

Spens.t DapAn.t 844. 

AsTROSB, adj» {Lat,) Born under 

an evil star. 
AsTROTE, adv, (1) In a swelling 

manner. **Astrut or strowtingly, 
Turgide." Prompt, Parv, 
Themaryner, that woMe have layne bur 

Hys yen stode owte astrote forthy, 
Hys lymmes were roton hym fro. 

Le Bone Florence, 1. 2329. 

He gafe hym swylke a clowte. 
That bothe his eghne stode one strowte. 
Sir Isumbras, Lincoln MS. 

What good can the great gloton do with 
his bely standing astrote like a taber, 
and his noil toty with drink, but balk up 
his brewes in the middes of his matters, 
or lye down and slepe like a swine ? 

Sir Thomas More*s IForks, p. 97. 

(2) Standing out stiflf, in a pro- 
jecting posture. 

Godds sowle schal be swore. 
The kn^f schal stond astrout, 
Thow his botes be al to-tore 
^at he wol make it stout. 

AsTRYLABE, 8, An astrolabc. 

His almagest, and bookes gret and smale, 
His astrylabe, longyng for his art. 
His augrym stooiies, leyen faire apart 
On schelves couched at his beddes heed. 
Chaucer's Cant. T., 8208. 

AsTRYVYD, /lar/. /I. Distracted. 

Beryn and his company stood all astrywd. 
History of Beryn, 2429. 

AsTUN, V. (A.'S.) To stun. 

He frust doun at o dent. 
That hors aud man astuned lay. 

Arthour and Merlin, p. 283. 

Who with the thundring noise of his swift 
courser's feet 

Jstun'd the earth. Dray. Pol., xviii. 

AsTUNTE, pret. t, (from A.-S. 
astandan.) Remained; stood. 

At Lewes the kingbigan mid is poer abide. 
The barons astunte withoute toun biside. 

Bob. Glouc., p. 646. 

Astute, adj. (Lat.) Crafty. 
AsTY, adv. Rather; as soon as. 

AsTYE, o. {A,'S.) To ascend. Eob. 

AsTYFLBD, part, p. Lamed in the 

leg ; said of a dog. 
AsTYLLE, s, {A.'N^ A shingle ; a 

thin board of wood. ^^Astylle, a 




schwd. Teda. Astula. Cadia/' 

Prompt. Parv. 
AsuNDBRLT, adv. Separately. 
AsuNDRi, \ adv, {A.'S.) Apart ; 
ASYNDRB, J separately. 

In this world, bi Seyn Jon, 
So wise a man is ther non, 
Atundri schuld hem knawe. 

AmM and Jmiloun, L 2052. 

And therfore comyth the thyrde towche, 
tiiat one thynge seme not tweyne, that 
sholde falle yf eyther eye aayndre sawe 
his owne ymage. 

Trensa*s Bartholom., sig. g v. 

AswARE, adv. On one side ; out 

of the way of anything. See 


flym had bin beter to have goon more 
asvoare, CkauceVt ed. TJrry, p. 599. 

AswASH, adv. Slanting. 

Chanuarrej a loose and h'ght gowne, that 
may be worne aswash or skarfewise. 


AswBLT, V. {A.-S.) To become ex- 

Ac sot and snow cometh out of holes, 
And brennyng fuyr, and glowyng coles ; 
That theo snow for the fuyr no melt. 
No the fuyr for theo suow atwelt. 

K. Alisaunder, 6639. 

AswEviaDt part, p. Stupified, as in 

a dream. 

For so astonied and euxoned 
Was every virtue in me heved. 

House of Fame, ii, 41. 

AswiN, adv. Obliquely. North. 

ASWOGH, 1 ^^ (^^^j I^ ^ 


Asuiogh he fell adoun 
An hys hynder arsoun. 

Lyheaus Discontu, 1171. 

The king binetlien, the stede above, 
For sothe sir Arthour was aiwowe. 

Arthour and Merlin^ p. 123. 

AsYDENHANDE, odv. On oue side. 

But he toke nat his ground so even in 
the front afore them as he wold have 
don yf he might bettar have sene them, 
butt somewhate asydenhande, where he 
disposed all his people in good array e 
all that nyght. 

Arrital of King Ed. /F, p. 18. 

AsTGHB, V. To essay. 

Now let seo eef ony is so hardy 
That durste Lit him asyghe. 

Kyng Alisaunder, 3879. 

AsYNED, /lar/./i. Assigned. 

At, (1) prep. To; prefixed to the 
verb, as at say, for, to say ; at do, 
for, to do. Common in MSS. of 
the 14th cent. 

Bred they pard and schare, 
Ynough thei hadde at ete. 

Sir Tristrem, st. 50. 

(2) To ; before substantives, as, 

to do at a thing, instead of to it. 

Here's at ye, what I drink won't fat ye. 

Davy's MS. 

(3) In. 

For certes, al the sorwe that a man 
myglit make fro the begynnynge of 
the world, nys but a litel thing, at 
regard of the sorwe of belle. 

Chaucer, Persones T. 

(4) Of. North, 

He tuke his leve at the daye 
At Mildor the faire maye. 

Sir Degrevante. 

(5) For. 

At this cause the knvjt comlyche hade 
In the more half of his schelde hir ymage 
depaynted. Syr Gawayne, p. 25. 

(6) conj. That. 

Thou ert a fole, at thou ne had are 
Tald me of this ferly fare. 

Ftoaine and Gawin, 1. 461. 

Still used in the North of Eng- 

It leet weel at the podditch wur naw 
scawding. Tim Bobbin, p. 32. 

(7) pron. Who, or which. 

Also he to, at lawborys the wyus shoold 
ken and wnderstond the wyd qwych 
shoolde beyr fruyt. 

Skepard's Kalender, sig. F, 7. 

We may not be assoyled of the trespas, 
Bot if we make aseth iu that at we may. 

MS. Earl., 1022, f. 68 b. 

(8) Pret. t, of etCf to eat. 

No hadde thai no wines wat, 

No ale that was old. 
No no gode mete thai at, 

Thai hadden al that thai wold. 

Sir Tristrem, p. 269. 




(9) At qftert after. Still used in 
the North. 

But I pray the what betokned that 
wounderful comete and sterre which 
apperyd upon this londe the yere of 
our lorde MCCCCII, from the Epiphany 
til two wekes at after Estter? 

JHues and Pauper, sig. d, 5 b. 

Atabal, «. A kind of tabor used 

by the Moors. Dryden. 

Atake, v. {A.'S.) To overtake. 

And to the castel gat he ran ; 
In al the court was tier no man 
That him might atake. 

Amis and Amilourtt 1. 2070. 

At-alle, adv. Entirely; alto- 
gether. Lydgate and Chaucer, 

Atame, v. (A.-S.) To tame. 

Atanune, adv. Afternoon. Suff. 

Atarne, v. {A,-S.) To run away ; 

Manie flowe to churche, and the constable 

Atamde alive, and manie were i-bro5t to 

dethe. Rob. Glouc, p. 639. 

Atastb, V. To taste. 

Ataunt, adv. (A.-N.) So much. 

Atavite, adj. {Lat.) Ancestral. 

But trulie this boldnes, not mvue owne 
nature, hath tauglit mee, fcut your 
nature, generositie prognate, and come 
from your a/avt^^ progenitours. 

EllW* Literary Letters, p. 76. 

Ataxy, *. {Gr.) Disorder; irre- 

Atbere, v. {A.-S. (Btberan.) To 
bear or carry away. 

Atblowe, t>. To blow with bel- 

Atbrrste, v. To burst in pieces. 

Atcharb, adv. Ajar. Notf. 

Atcheked, part, p. Choaked. 

Atchbson, "I ». A coin, of billon 
ATCHISON, J or copper washed 
with silver, struck under James 
VI of Scotland, of the value of 
eight pennies Scots, or two thirds 
of an English penny. It was 
well known in the North of Eng- 

Nor can the atcheson or tlie baubee 
ITor my antiquity compare witli me. 
Taylor's Works, 1630. 

Atchorn, 8. An acorn. Atchom- 

inff, gathering acorns. Var. dioL 
Ate, (l)t>. To eat. Somerset. 

(2) Yoratte. At the. 
Atrqar, 8. (A.-S.) A kind of lance. 

Ateignb. (A.^N.) To attain ; to 

Ateine, v. {A.-N. atainer.) To 

over -fatigue ; to wear out. 

Moo dyede for hete, at schorte werdes, 
Thenne for dint off sper or swerdes. 
Kyn^ Richard was alnioost ateynt. 
And in the smoke nvgh adrevnt. 

Richard Coer de'L., 1. 4847. 

In the hete they wer almost ateynt. 
And in the smoke nygh adreyiit. 

lb., 1. 6131. 

Ateinte, ». (1) {A.'N, atincter.) 
To give a colouring to. 

Nai, dowter. for God above! 
Old men ben felle and queinte, 
And wikkede wrenclies conne ateinte. 
Sevyn Sages, 1. 1756. 

(2) (A.'N.) To reach ; to obtain. 

She seid, Thomas, let them stand, 
Or eliis the feend wille the ateynte. 

Ballad of True Thomas. 

{Z) part. Convicted; attainted. 
Atelich, adj. (A-.S.) Foul ; cor- 
rupt; hateful. 

The bodi ther hit lav on here, 
An atelich thing as liit was on. 

Append, to W. Mapes, p. 343. 

Atelle, v. (A.'S. atellan.) To 
reckon ; to count. 

The kyng thoru ys conseyl encented wel 

her to. 
And god ostage of nom, the tniage vor to 

And atel al her god, and let liim al bar 

weude. Rob. G(ouc., p. 171. 

Atex, adv. Often. Northampt. 
Atenes, adv. At once. 
Atbnt, 8. (A.-N.) An object ; in- 

Ther y had an honderthe marke of rent ; 
Y spente hit alle in ly^.'httc atent. 
Of suche forlok was ^. 

Str Amadas, 1. 872. 

Atbon, V. (A.'S.) To make angry. 
Ater, (1) adv. After. Far. dial! 




(2)8. Attire. 
Atkost, adv. In earnest ; in fact. 
Atgo, '\v.(J.-S.) To expend; 
ATGON, J to go, pass away, or 

Whet may I sugge bote wolawo 1 
When mi lif is me atgo. 

Lyric Poetry, p. 74. 

Ther ich wes luef, icham ful loht. 
Ant alle myn godes me atgoht. 

lb., p. 48. 

Ath, (1) 8. {A.-S. fl*.) An oath. 

(2) pre8. t. of fuive. Hath. Rob. 

(3) Each. 

Thai token ath tulke j 
The ro}?lre raggi sculke 
Rug ham in helle ! 

Fol. Songs, p. 296. 

Athalde, 1 V. {A.-S.) To with- 
ATHELDE, > hold ; to kccp ; to 
ATHOLDB, J retain, Prei. atheldf 
and athuld. Rob. Glouc. 

He him mig]it no lenge athelde. 

Gy of Warwike, p. 60. 

Gwider, our kyng of this lond, ys truage 

athuld sone. Bob. Glouc., p. 63. 

Athanor, 8. A digesting furnace ; 
an alchemical term. 

And se ihj fornace be apt therfore> 
"Whych wyse men do call athenor. 

AshmoWs Theat. Chern., p. 149. 

A'thattbns, adv. In that manner. 

A'thissensy in this manner. Leic. 

Athel, adj. (A.'S.) Noble. 

Fortlii for fantoum and fayryje 
The folk there hit demed, 
Therfore to auusware wnt j arje 
Mony athel freke. 

Gawayn jr the Gr. Knyght, 1. 440. 

Atheliste, adj. Most noble. 

Thane syr Arthnre one erthe, 
Atheliste of othere, 
At evene at his awene horde 
Avantid his lordez. 

Morte Arthure. 

Athene, v, (A.-S. .a\>enian.) To 
stretch out, Aiheninff, s. Ex- 
tension. Lydgate. 

Atheologian, *. {Gr.) One who 
is the opposite to a theologian. 

Atheous, adj. (Gr.) Atheistical. 

It is an ignorant conceit, that inquiry 
into nature should make men atheous. 
Bishop Hall's Works, u, 13. 

Ather, ai^. Either. 

Athert, jprcp. Athwart; across. 

Devon and Somerset. 
A-thes-alf, /;rqv. On this side 

of. Rob. Glouc. 
Athilleyday, 8. The rule of an 


Seeke the ground meete for your pur- 
pose, and then take an astroiobe, and 
Jiang that upon your tbombe by the 
ring, and tlien turne the athUleyaay or 
rule with the sights up and downe, 
untill that you doo see the niarke. 

Bourne's Inventions, 1578. 

ATmn, prep. Within. Var. dial. 

Athinkkn, v. (A.'S.) To repent. 

Soore it me a-thynketh 

Fur the dede that 1 have doon. 

Piers PL, p. 874. 

A-THis-siDE. On this side. Var. 

Athog, conj. As though. 

Atholdb, v. See Athalde. 

Atkovt, prep. Without. Somerset. 

Ath RANG, adv. In a throng. 

Athre, \adv. (A.-S.) In three 
ATHREO, J parts. 

Athref, adv. (A.-S.) With tor- 
ture; cruelly. 

Heo hire awarietli al athrep, 
Also wulves doth the seep. 

Ocfavian, Conybeare, p. 57. 

Athrine, v. To touch. Verstegan. 

Athristb, v. To thrust ; to hurry 

Athroted, part. p. Throttled; 
choked. Chaucer, 

Ath ROUGH, adv. Entirely. 

Athrust, adv. Thirsty. 

Athurt, adv. Athwart; across. 
We8t. Athurt and alongst^ a 
proverbial expression when re- 
flections pass backwards and 
forwards between neighbours 
also, when the two ends of a 
piece of cloth or linen are sewed 
together, and then cut throiigli 




the middle, so that the two ends 

become the middle or the 

breadth, and the middle or 

breadth makes the two ends. 


AthyTj part, p. Conditioned? 

No storing of pasture, with baggedgly tyt. 
With ragged, with aged, and evel athyt. 

Tusser^td 1573. 

Atil, *. {A.-N.) Furniture ; neces- 
sary supplies. Rob. Glouc. 

Atile, v. {A.'N. attiler.) To equip ; 
to supply with necessary stores. 
Used frequently by Rob. of Glouc. 

Atilt, (1) adv. At a tilt ; in the 
manner of a tilter. 
(2) V. To tilt. 

AriREt V. {A.-N.) To prepare; to 
fit out. 

What dos the kyng of France? aiires him 

gode navie 
e Ingloud, o chance, to wynne it with 
maistrie. Peter Langtoft, p. 207. 

Atisfbment, *. {A.'N. atiffement.) 

A pavilion of honour, with x\c\\tatiifementt 
To serve au emperour at a parlement. 

Peter Lang toft, p. 152. 

Atitle, v. See Attille. 
Atlas, 8. A rich kind of silk em- 
ployed for ladies' gowns. 

Indian-gown man. Fine morning gowns, 
very rich Indian stuffs ; choice of fine 
atlatset; fiue morning gowns. 

Shadwell, Bury Fair, 1689. 

Atlb, v. To array; to arrange. 

See Etile. 

Hire teht aren white ase bon of whal, 
Evene set ant atled al. 

Ljfric Poetry, p. 85. 

At-lowe, adv. Below. 

Atnun, adv» Afternoon. North- 

Arc, adv. In two. 
ATOKt part. p. Took; seized. 

A'^o**» Xadv. At home. 


Atomy, s. {Gr.) An atom. 

Drawn with a team of little atomies 
Athwart men's noses, as they lie asleep. 
Shalesp., Bom. and Jul., \, 4. 


». A skeleton. 


Dol. Goodman death! goodman bones ! 
Eo9t. Thou atomy, thou ! 

2fl«». /r, v,4. 

It is also used in the provincial 
dialects of several of the Northern 

Our Jwohnny's just tum'd till a parfet 

Nowther works, eats, drinks, or sleeps as 

he sud. Jnderson^s Cumh. Ball., p, 98. 

As I protest, they must ha' dissected 
and made an anatomy o' me first. Sec. 

Ben Jonaon, i, 101. 

Atone, v. (1) To agree. 

He and Autidius can no more atone 
Than violentest contmriety. 

Shakes^., Coriol., vr, 6. 

(2) To reconcile. 

Since we cannot atone you. 

Skakesp., Rich. II, i, 1. 

At-one, adv. In a state of con- 

Sone thei were at-one, with wille at on 
assent. Peter Langtoft, p. 220. 

At fewe wordes thai ben at-one, 
Ue graythes him and forth is gon. 

ioi fo /Vtf»<f, 1. 279. 

Atonement, #. Reconciliation. 

If we do now mnke our atonement well. 
Our peace will, like a broken limb united. 
Be stronger for the breaking. 

Shakesp., 2 Een. IV, iv, 1. 

Since your happiness. 
As vou will have it, has alone dependence 
Upon her favour, from my soul 1 wish you 
A fair atonement. 

Massing., D. of Milan, iv, 8. 

Atop, adv. and prep. On the top ; 

upon. In modern dialects it is 

accompanied by of or on. 

Tlie buzzar is very ordinary ; 'tis covered 
atop to keep out the searching beames 
of the scortching sunne. 

Herbert's Travels, 1638. 

Jtop the chappell is a globe (or Steele 
miiTour) pendant, wherein these linx- 
eyed people view the deformity of their 
sinnes. lb. 

Atorne, (1) V. To run away. 

Tho Water Tyrel y-sey that he was ded, 

He atornde as vaste as he my^te ; that was 

liys best won. Bob. Glouc., p. 419. 




{2) pari. p. Broken. Hanypsh, 

(3) 8, All attorney. 
Atour, prep. {J.-N.) About; 

Atournb, V, {A.-N,) To equip. 
Atow. That thou. 
At-play, adv. Out of work. Siajff^, 
Atraht, \pre(. t. of afreche, 
ATRAUOHT, J Scized ; took away. 
Atramental, 1 adj. {Lai,) Black 
Atraye, V, (from J.-S. tregian.) 

To trouble ; to vex ; to anger. 

He sturte him up in a breyd. 
In his herte sore atrayyed. 

Kyng of Tars, 605. 

A.TRi£DjadJ.(fromLai.aier.) Tinged 

with a black colour. 
Atretb, "I adv. Distinctly ; 

ATRiOHTBS, J Completely. IVac- 

/tm, disimcte. Prompt. Parv. 
Atrick, s. An usher of a hall, or 

master porter. Minsheu. 

Atrie, V, To try ; to judge. 

Chefe jostise lie satte, tlie sothe to atriet 
For lefe no loth to lette the rigl'.t lawe to 
guye. Peter Langtoft, p. 80. 

Atristen, V. To trusl ; to confide. 
Atroute, v. (1) To rout; to put 

to flight. 

(2) To assemble. 
Atrute, v. To appear. 

Hervore hit is that me the shnneth. 
And the totometh, an tobuneth 
Mid stave, an stooue, an turf, an clute. 
That thu ne mixt no war atrute. 

Hule and Nyghtingale, 1156 

Atscapen, ». (J.'N.) To escape. 

Jesu. thi grace that is so fre 
III siker hope do thou me, 
Atscapen peyne ant come to the. 
To the blisse that ay siial be. 

Lyric Poetry, p. 75. 

Atsittb, v. (A.'S.) To withstand; 

to oppose. 

AT-sauARE, adv. In dispute. 

Oft times yong men do fall at'Sqttare, 
For a fine wench that is feat and faire. 

WithaW IHetionarie, p. 271. 

Atstonde, V. (J.'S.) To with- 
stand. Aob. Glouc, 

Attach, v. (Fr.) To join. 

Ten masts attached make not the altitude 
Which thou hast perpendicularly fallen. 

Shakesp., Lear, vr, 6. 

Attache, (1) a. (Fr.) A term in 

An attache, is as much as to say, 
vulgarly, tack'd or fasten'd togetber, or 
one thing fasten'd to another. 

Ladies' Dictionary, 1694. 

(2) V. {A.^N.) To attach; to 

And comaunded a constable, 
That com at the firste. 
To attachen tho tyrauntz. 

Piers PL, p. 40. 
I gave oute a commission to certaine 
good worsliyppefull folke at Brystow to 
attache Richard Webbe. 

Sir T. More's Works, p. 727. 

Attaint, *. (1) A taint; anything 

I will not poison thee with my attaint. 
Nor fold my fault in cleanly coin'd ex( uses. 

Shakesp., Lucrece. 

(2) A term in jousting. See (3). 

The kyng was that daye hjr^hly to be 

grayse'd, for he brake xxiij. speres, 
esyde attayntes, and bare doune to 
ground a man of armes and hys horse. 
Hall, Henry rill,f.5&. 

(3) V. To hit or touch anything, 
as to strike a blow on a helmet. 

Attal-saresin, «. A term formerly 
applied by the inhabitants of 
Cornwall to an old mine that is 

Attame, v. (1) (J.'N. eniamer.) 

To commence ; to begin ; to make 

a cut into ; to broach a yessel of 


I pray ye, syr eraperonre, shewe me thy 
mynde, wliether is more accordynfse, to 
attame thys fysshe here preasente, 
fyrste at the lieade, or at the tayle. The 
ero])eroure answered shortlye, and 
sayde, at the head the fysshe' shall be 
fyrste attamed. Fabian's Chron. f. 178. 

Tes, ooste, quoth he, soo mote I ryde or 

But 1 be mery, 1 wis I wol be blamed : 
And right anon his tale he hath atamed. 
And thus he said unto us everichon. 
Chattcer, Nonnes Priest's TaUy ed. XJrry. 




For sithin that paync ynt first nawed, 
Was ner more wofuU payne attained. 

Chaucer's Dreame, 596. 

(2) {A.-N. atainer.) To hurt; 
to injure. Probably, ^hen the 
word occurs in this sense, it is a 
misreading of the MS., and ought, 
according to the derivation, to be 
attaine. In the following passage, 
given under this head by Mr. 
Halliwell, the meaning probably 
is that of (1). 

Of his scholder the swerd glod dotin, 
Thatbothe plates and haubeigoun 

He carf atuo y plight, 
Al to the naked hide y-wis ; 
And noudit of flesche atamed is 

Thurch grace of God Al might. 

Gy of Wancike, p. 325. 

(3) To tame. 

Which made the King change face and 

And specially his pride gan attame, 
Whan he wist Pandosia was the name. 

Bochas, p. 108. 

Attaminate, V, {Lat, attdmino.) 

To corrupt ; to spoil. 
Attan. See Atie. 
Attanis, adv. (A.-S) At once. 
Attar, prep. After. Shropsk, 
Att ASK* D, part. p. Blamed. 
Attaste, v. To taste. 


prep. {A.-S. (Bt \>ant at 

»^the, softened first into 

attarit then into atten, 

and finally into atte.) At the. 

And bad liir lyght it atte fytr. 

Caxton, ReyfMrtt sig. B 6, b. 

Atte prestes hows. Ih.^ sig. B 7. 

Before a word beginning with a 
vowel, the final n was often re- 

So that atten ende 
Mabyle hym ausuerede. 

R. Glouc., p. 481. 

Sometimes, in this case, the n 

was thrown to the next word. 

And thanne seten somme. 

And songen atte nale. Fieri! P/., p. 124. 

Atte-frome, adv. (^A.-S. at fru' 
mau.^ At the beginning; im- 

Attelan, %. {Lat. aiellanus.) A 
drollery ; a satirical piece. 

All onr feasts almost, masques, nram* 
mings, banquets, merry meetings, wed- 
dings, pleasrag songs, fine tunes, poems, 
love-stories, pTuyes, comoedies, attelans^ 
jigs, fescenines, elegies, odes, &c. pro- 
ceed hence. Burton, An. of Mel.,u,d4ii. 

Attele, V. (A.-S.) To aim; to 
design ; to conjecture ; to go 
towards; to approach. A form 
of ettle. 

Attemperaunce, 8. (A.-N.) Tem- 

The felawes of abstinence ben attempe- 
raunce, that holdith the mene in alle 
thinges ; eek schanie, that esrhiewith al 
dishonest^. Chaucer, Persones T. 

And it bihoveth a man putte such 
attemperance in his defence, that men 
have no cause ne matiere to reprevcu 
him, that defeudith him, of excesse and 
outrage. Chaucer, T. of Melibeus. 

Attemperbl, adj. (A.-N.) Mo- 
derate ; temperate. 

Certes, wel I wot, attemper el wepyng is 
no thing defended to him that sorwfol 
is, amonges folk in surwe, but it is 
rather graunted him to wepe. The 
apostel Poule unto the Romayns 
writeth, A man schal rejoyce with liem 
that niaken joye, and wepe with euch 
folk as wepen. But though attemperel 
wepyng be graunted, outrageous wep- 
ynge certes is defended. 

Chaucer, T. of Melibeus. 

ATTEMPEBALLY, Temperately. ' 


Man schulde love his wyf by discres- 
cioun, paciently and atlemperelly, and 
thanne is sche as it were his suster. 

Chaucer, Persones T. 

Attempre, (1) adj. (A.-N.) Tem- 
perate. Sometimes written at- 

Sche scliulde eek serve him in al 

honest^, and ben attempre of hir array. 

Chaucer, Persones T. 

(2) V, To make temperate. 
Attempt ate, *. {A.'N.) (I) An 


(2) An encroachment or assault. 
Attend, v. {Fr.) To wait. 




Sundry of his frrentest friends resoUnng 
to attend the receipt of some comfort 
to be sent ftt)m him. 

JSewes Correspoitdence, 1583. 

Attbndablb, adf. Attentive. 

Attend ABLTy adv. Attentively. 

Attendbr, «. One who attends; 
a companion, or comrade. 

Attbnt, adj. Attentive. Shakesp. 

Attentates, 8. pi (Lat, atten- 
tata.) Proceedings in a court of 
judicature, pending suit, and after 
an inhibition is decreed and 
gone oat. 

Attently, adv. Attentively. 

Attbr, *. (1 ) {A^'S, otter.) Poison. 

Of nych a werm that atter bereth. 
Other it stingeth, other it tereth. 

Canyhear(^8 Octaviany p. 57. 

(2) Corrupt matter issuing from 

an ulcer. Attyr fylth. Sanies. 

Prompt, Parv. Still used in 

this sense in some of the dialects. 

Tlie sore is fall of matter or alter. 
Ulcus.est punUmtum. 

HoTMonni Fulgaria, sig. I ft. 

(3) An Otter. 

Take heare cattes, do^res too, 
Mter and foxe, fillie, mare alsoe. 

Chester Plays, i, 51. 

(4) An abbreviation- of at their. 

.And ase ther.mot atter sponsynge 

Bery5t asent of bothe, 
Of man, and of ther wymmaa eke, 

Yn love and naa5t y-lothe. 

jr. de Shoreham. 

prep. After. Northampt, 
Attire ; array. 
Attekcoppe, 1 *. {a.-S. atter-cop^ 
ADERCOP, ^ }pa.) (1) A spider. 
Perhaps it. signified originally 
some insect of a more hurtful cha- 
racter; the atter-cqppas figured 
in MS. Cotton, Vitel., c. iii, do 
.not resemble mpdern spiders. 

Ac wat etesto^that thn ne h'^e, 
Bute attercoppe an fuJe vh^e ? 

Hute and Nyghtingale, I 600. 

And though there be no gret venemous 
beestes in that londe, yet ben tliere 
atterooppes ve^iemouq tMt ben caiied 
sp«4«ngui i^ that ionde. 

,2Vrw*rt'* PoWcAfoii., f. 82. 

In the towne of Schrowrshnrr, sefrtu 
thre men togedor, and as ihey se(un 
talkyng, an atturcoppe com owte of the 
WUW5, and bote hem by tbe nekkns alle 
thre. Pre/, to Rob. de Brunne, p. cc. 

(2) A spider's web. North, 

(3) A peevish, ill-natured person. 

Atterlothe, ». {A.-S.) Night, 
shade. Explained by morella in 
list of plants in MS. Harl., 978. 

Atterly, adv, Uiterlj . Skinner, 

Attermitk, ». An ill-natured per- 
son. North, 

Attern, adj. (from A.^S. at tern.) 
Fierce, snarling, ill.natured,cruei. 

Atterr, V, {Fr, atterrer,) 

Knowing this that your renown alone 
(As th' adamant, and as the amber drawes: 
That, hardest steel; this, easie-yeelding 

Atterrs the stubbom.and attracts the prone. 
Sylvesters Sonn. to E. of Essex, p. 74. 

Atterrate, 8, {Lat.) To become 

Atterration, *. (Lat.) An old 
word for alluvial ground on the 

Attering, adj. Venomous. 

Attery, adj. Purulent. East, Iras- 
cible ; choleric. West, See Attry. 

Attest, *. Attestation ; testimony. 

Atteynant, adj. Appertaining; 

Atteynt, part, p, {A,-N.) Con- 

Attice, 8, An adze. Somerset, 

Attiguous, adj, {Lat,) Very near ; 
close by. 

Attincture, 8, {A,'N.) Attainder. 

Attinoe, v. {Lat,) To touch lightly 
or gently. 

Attires, 8. Tbe horns of a stag. 

Attisb, V, To entice. 

Serrauntes, aroyde the company 
Of them that playe at cardes or dyse; 

For yf tliat ye them hauute, truely 
To thefte shall they you aooixe. atfyse. 

Am. Poetical Tracts, p. 11. 

Attitls, 9. To entitle ; to name. 




Attle, *. Rubbish, refuse of stony 
matter. A raining term. 

Attom'd, adj. Filled with small 
particles ; thick. Drayton, 

Attone, adv. Altogether. 

And his fresh blood did frieze with fearfiiU 

That sdl his senses seem'd bereft attone. 
Spetu., F. g., II, i, 42. 

Attones, 1 adv. Once for all ; at 

ATTONCB, J once. 

And all attonce her beastly body rais'd 
AVith double forces high above the tnxjund. 

/*.,Xi, 18. 

And thenne they alyght sodenly, and 
sette their handes upon hym all attones^ 
and toke hvm prysoner, and soo ledde 
hym unto the castel. 


Attorne, or Attubne, v. {A.-N.) 

To perform service. 

They plainly told him that they would 
not attume to him, nor be under his 
jurisdiction. Holingsh., Bich. 11,481. 

Attorney, s. (A.-N.) A deputy ; 
one who does service for another. 

Attour, (1) «. (^A.'N.) A head- 

{2) prep, {A.'N. entour.) Around. 
(3) prep. Besides. Hence the 
Scottish phrase, by and attour. 

Attourne, V. To return. 

Attournement, *. (A.-N.) A 

yielding of a tenant unto a new 

lord. Minsheu. A law term. 

Wheruppon dyverse tenauntes have 

openly attorned unto the kyn^jes grace. 

Monastic Letters^ p. 88. 

Attract, s. An attraction. 

For then their late attracts decline, 
And torn as eager as prick'd wine. 

Hudibras, III, i, 695. 

Attraits,*./!/. Flattery. Skinner, 

Attrape, v. (Fr.) To entrap. 

And lying and placing thothervj c. men 
in a secret place nygh in the mydd way 
betwen Warke and the sayd towne of 
Myllerstayenet, aswell for the releyse 
of the said wawcuriores, as to attrape 
the euemyes, yf they unadvisedly wold 
pursewe or come to the said fyer or fray. 
MS. Cott., Calig., B v, f . 23 v^ 

And he that hath liyd a snare to attrap 
au other with, hath hvm selfe ben taken 
therin. Tales and (Quiche Anstoera 

Attrectation, *. {Lat.) Frequent 

Attribution, 8. Commendation. 

Shakesp.f I Henry /F, iv, 1. 
Attrid, part, p. Poisoned. 
Attried, part p. Tried, 
Attrite, adj. (Lat.) Worn. 
Attrition, «. {Lat.) Grief for sin, 

arising only from the fear of 


He, the whyche hath not playne con- 
trfcyon, but all onely attrycyon, the 
wiiyche is a maner of contrycyon un- 
parfyte and unsnffycyent for to have 
the grace of God. 
Institution of a Christian Man, p. 162. 

Attrokibn, v. (A.'S.) To fail; 

to weary. 
Attry, adj. (A.'S.) Venomous; 

poisonous ; filthy. 

And gulcheth al nt somed thet the atlri 
heorte sent up to the tunge. 

MS. Cott., Nero, A xiv, f. 21. 

Thanne cometh of ire attry anger, 
whan a man is scharply amonesteu in 
his schrifte to forlete synne, thanne 
wol he be angry, and answere hokerly 
and angrily, to defendeu or ezcnsen his 
synne by onstedefastnesse of his fleisch. 
Chaucer, Persones T. 

Attwben, prep. Between. Fiar, 

Atundere, adv. (A.'S.) In sub- 

Atvore, adv. {A,-S. atforan.) Be- 
fore. Rob. Glouc. 

Atwain, adv. In two ; asunder. 

Atwavbd, part. p. {A.-S.) Escaped. 

What wylde so at-icaped wyjes that 
Bchotten. Syr Gawayne, p. 4A. 

Atwee, adv. In two. North, 
Atweel, adv. Very well. North, 
Atween, prep. Between. Far. 

Atwende, v. {A.'S. (Btwindan.) To 

turn away from ; to escape. 

Heo mai hire gult attmende, 

A hhte weie, tliurth chirche bende. 

Sule and Nyghting., 1. 1415. 

Atwin, adv. Asunder; in two. 
Chaucer. The word occurs in 
this sense in Rider* 8 Dictionarie, 


1640, and according to Moor, is 

still used in Suffolk. 
Atwinnb, V, {A,-S.) To part 

Atwirchb, v. (A.-S.) To work 

against ; to do evil work to. 

Al tliat trowe on Jhesu Crist, 
Thai fond atvnrche fal wo. 

Seynt Mergrete^ p. 103. 

Atwist, (1) ». Disagreement. 


{2) part, p. Twisted. Somerset, 
Atwist, pret, t. {A.^S.) Knew. 

Also, part, p., known. 

Another dai Clarice arist, 
And Blaunclieflour atwisi 
Whi hi made so longe demoere. 
Hartihonie's Met. Tales, p. 105. 

Atwitb, v. {A.-S, (Btwitan, to re- 
proach.) To twit ; to upbraid. 

That eni man beo falle in odwite, 
Wi schal he me his sor atmte ? 

Rule and Nyght%ng.t 1. 1222. 

This word dude mach sorwe this seli olde 

That atwytede hym and ys stat, that he 

nadde hym self nothinK. 

iZoA. o/e/o«<?., p. 33. 

He was wroth, ye schul here wite, 
For Merhn hadde him atwite. 

Arthour and Merlin, p. 341. 





Atwot, pret, t, of atwite. Twitted ; 

At-tamce, adv. At once. North, 
Attme, adv. On a time. 
Atyr, *. Attire. 
Au, adj. All. North, 
Aubade, 8, {Fr.) A serenade. 
AuBBROB, 8. {Fr,) An inn. 
AnBETEoi, 8, One of the male sex 

at the age when verging upon 

manhood. A hobbledehoy. Glour 





'' 1 


AE, V 

prep. Between. 

adv, (A.-S, on twa^ wn 
twagen.) In two; asun- 

AucHT, is used in the dialect of East 
Anglia as the preterite of the verb 
to owe. 

AucTE, *. {A,'S. ahte.) Property. 

To-morwen shal maken the fre, 
And aucte the yeven, and riclie make. 

Havehk, 531. 

KucTiY^y adj. {Lat.) Of an increas- 
ing quality. 

AucTORiTE, *. i^Lat.) A text of 
Scripture, or of some writer ac- 
knowledged as authority. 

AucTouR, 8. {A.'N.) An author. 

AucuPATiON, 8. {Lat.) Fowling; 
hunting after an> thing. 

AuD, adj. Old. Var. dial. 

Says t' and man tit oak tree, 
Young and lusty was 1 when I kenn'd thee. 

Nursery Rhyme. 

Audacious, adj. (A.-N.) Bold; 

AuD-FARAND, adj. (A.-S.) A term 
applied to forward children, who 
imitate the manners of elderly 
people. North. See Auldfar'd. 

Audience, «. A hearing. Chaucer, 

Audition, #. {Lat.) Hearing. 

Auditive, adj. {Fr. audi/if.) Hav- 
ing the power of hearing. 

AuD-PE6, 8. An inferior cheese, 
made of skimmed milk. North, 

Audrie. " Seynt Audries lace, 
cordon" Palsgrave. See Awdrie. 

AuEN, adj. Own. 

AuFF, 8. An elf. This word occurs 
in A New English Dictionaryt 
1691. Skinner explains it, "stul- 
tus, ineptus," a fool. See Awf, 

AuFiN, 1 «. The bishop at chess. 
AWFiN, J See Alfin. The tract 
De Fetula (published under the 
name of Ovid) gives the following 
Latin or Latinized names of the 

Miles et alpinuSt roccus, rex, virgo, pe- 

AuGENT, ad/, August ; noble. 

. Hayle, cumly kynds augent I 

Sharp's Cot. Myst., p. lOL 




AuGGERis, 8. An ague. 

A man that is here yhunge and lyeht, 
Tko never so stalworthe and whigut, 
And comly of shane, lovely and fayr, 
Aitffgera and ruelles will soon apayr. 

Manbote, p. 5. 

AuGHBNE, adj. Own. See Aghen, 
Aught, 1 
Au jT, V pret, t, of owe, (1) Ought. 


Floure of hevene, ladi and quene. 
As sche auU wel to bene. 

MS. Addit., 10036, f. 62. 

(2) Owed. 

(3) *. Possessions ; property. 

(4) adj. High. Rob. Ghuc. 

(5) adj. Bight ; the eighth. 

(6) 8. (A.'S. awiht.) Anything; 
at all. 

(7) adv. In any manner; by any 

He is ful joconde also dare I leye ; 
Can he aupht tell a mery tale or tweie, 
With which he gladen niav this compaijrne ? 

Chaucer, C. T., 16065. 

AuGHTAND, adj. The eighth. 
AvQUTKDfpret. t. Cost. 

Bevis did on his acqnetoun, 
That had auqhted many a town. 

mis*a Met. Bom., ii, 111. 

AuHTEND. adj. Eighteenth. 

AuGHTBNE, adj. The eighth. 

AuGHTS. (1) Any considerable 
quantity. North. 
(2) 8. (corrupted from oris.) Bro- 
ken victuals; fragments of eat- 
ables. Here/, and Sti88ejp, 

AuGHTWHERB, odv. Anywhcre. 

AuGLE, V. To ogle. North, 

AuGRiM, 1 «. Arithmetic See 
AW6RIM, ] Algrim. 

He medleth not muche with avgrim to 
se to what summe the nomber of men 
ariseth that is multiplied by an c. 

Sir T. Mores Works, p. 800. 

AuGRiM-STONES, 8. Couuters for- 
merly used in arithmetic. 

AuouRATioN, 8. {Lat.) Conjectur- 
ing. This word occurs in Rider* 8 
Dictionaries 1640. 

AuouBious, a^. Predicting. 

AuGURiNE, *. A fortune-teller. 
Augusta, 8. A cant term for the 

mistress of a house of ill-fame. 

Auk, ^adj. (1) Angry, ill-natured, 

ACK, J unpropitious.Pron^/.Parp. 

Still used in this sense in the 

North of England. 

(2) Inverted ; confused. The old 
signal of alarm was ringing the 
bells backwards, or, as it was 
often termed, aukwardt or ack- 
ward. " I rynge aukeward, je 
Sonne abransle.'' PaUgrave. In 
the East of England, bells are still 
" rung flttife," to give alarm of fire. 

(3) 8. A stupid or clumsy person. 

AuKERT,a4/. Awkward. Var.diaL 
AuL, *. An alder. Hereford8h. 
AuLD, adj. (1) Old. Var, dial, 

(2) Great. North, 

(3) The first or best, a phrase 
used in games. 

AuLo-ANB, 8, The devil. North. 
Aulofar'o, at^. Old-fashioned; 

Thus vearst in legendary teale, 
This auldfar'd chronicle cud tell 

Things that >aen'8 varra lues wad geale, 
Of what to this and that befell. 

Stoffff's Cumberland Poems, p. 66. 

AuLD-THRiFT, 8, Wealth accumu- 
lated by the successive frugality 
of ancestors. North, 

AuLBN, adj. Of alder. Herefordxh. 

AuLN, 8, (Fr.) A French measure 
of 5 ft. 7 in. ; an ell. 

AuM, 8. (1) An aim. Palsgrave. 

(2) The elm tree. Northumb. 

(3) AUum. North, 

(4) A Dutch measure for liquids. 
Auma, 8. A sort of pancake. Here^ 

fordsh, * 

AuMATL, (1) 8, {A.'N) EnameL 

As erowe grene as the gres, 
And grener hit semed 
Then grene aumayl on golde. 


(2) V. To variegate ; to figure. 
Aumatl'd, adj. Enamelled or em- 




In srilden buskins of costly cordwnyne 
All bard with golden bendes, which were 

With curious autickes, and full fayre «»• 

mayrd. Spens,, F. §., U, iii, 27. 

AuMAiST, adff. Almost. North, 

AuMB, 8. Alms distributed to the 
poor at Christmas were formerly 
so called in Devon. 

AuMBE, 8. A measure of lime, con- 
taining three bushels. Norfolk 
Reeord8, earlier part ofl6th cent, 

AuMBBS-AS. See Amben-as. 

AuMBLE, 8. An ambling pace. 

AuMBRB-STONE, 8, Amber. Pals- 

^IvM^Ii V-(^-^0 Acupboard; 
AUMBRY, > a pantry. North. 

AuMEi^RT, 8, An omelet. Skinner, 

AUMENEB, 1 ,^ T^jy, A 

AOMERE. }•• (^-^•) * P""«- 

Than of his aumentr he drough 
A little keie fetise i-nough. 

Rom. of the Rose, 2087- 
Were streighte glovis with aitmrre 
Of silke, and alwuy with goUe cliere. 

Jb., 2271. 

AuBf BNERB, 8, An almouer. 

AuMER, V. (A.'N.) To shadow ; to 
cast a shadow over. Yorknh. 

AuMKRD, 8, {A.'N.) A shadow. 

AuMONE, *. {A.'N.) Alms. 

AuMOUS, *. Quantity. When a 
labourer has filled a cart with 
manure, corn, &c., he will say 
to the carter, " Haven't ya got 
vour aumowi,^* Line, 


AuMPEROUR, 8. An emperor. 
AuMPH,a(?9. Awry; aslant. Shropah, 
AuMRS, 8, A cupboard. North, 
AuMRY-soAL, 8, A holc at the 
bottom of the cupboard. A word 
formerly used in Yorkshire. 
AuMS-ASE. See Ambes-as. 

^^^"^' I*. Alms. North, 


Aung EL, » A sort of scale or ma- 
chine for weighing, prohibited by 
statute on account of its uncer- 
tainty. ''Awncell weight as I 

have been informed, is a kind of 
weight with scales hanging, or 
hooks fastened at each end of a 
staff, which a man lifteth up upon 
his forefinger or hand, and so 
discemeth the equality or diffe- 
rence between the weight and 
the thing weighed." Cowell, In- 
terpreter, 1658. In Piers PI. we 
find auncer. 

Ac the pound that she paied by 
Pcised a quatron moore 
Thau myu owene auncer. 
Who 80 weyed truthe. 

Piers PI, p. 90. 

AuNCESTREL, *. (A.-N.) A homagc 
which is rendered from genera- 
tion to generation. 

AuNCETRE,*. (A.-N.) An ancestor. 
Skelton has auncetryior ancestry, 

AuNCiAN, adj. {A.-N.) Ancient. 

The olde anncian wyf 
Heifest ho svtte^. 
Gawayn ^the Or. Kn., 1. 180«. 

AUNCIENTE, 1 Antiquity. 


Av^^D, part. p. Fated. Northumh. 
Supposed to be derived from 
the Islandis andas, to die. 

AuNDER, 8, Afternoon; evening. 
Apparently the same as undem. 
Cot2:rave uses aunders-meat to 
signify an afternoon's refresh- 

AuNDYRN, 8. See Andiron, 

Aunt, #. (1) A cant term for a 
woman of bad character, either 
prostitute or procuress. Often 
used by Shakespeare. 

To call you one o' mine aunts, sister, 
were as good as to call you arrant wliorc. 

0. P., iii. 2G0. 

And was it not then better bestowed 
upon bis uurle, than upon one of his 
aunts!' I need not say nawd, for every 
one knows what aunt stands for in the 
last translation. 
Middleton's Trick to catch the Old One, ii, 1. 

It Still exists in this sense in 
Newcastle, as we learn from 





(2) The customary appellation 
addressed by a jester or fool, to 
a female of matronly appearance ; 
as uncle was to a man. 
AuNTE, adv. (A.-N^) Together. 

Heogederedeup here ovn^^kereostaboute 

And destruyde hire londes evther in his 

syde. Rob. Glouc.^ p. 87- 

AuNTELERE, 8. An antler. 

AuNTERs, 1 «. jt?/. Needless scru- 
ANTERS, j pies ; mischances. Ray 
mentions it as a Northern pro- 
vincialism, used in the first of 
these senses ; as, " he is troubled 
with auntersJ* 

Tho this kynge hadde go aboate in such 

soi'wful cas. 
At the laste he com to Caric, there ys 

dotter was, 
He Dilerede withoute the tonne, and in 

wel grete fere. 
He sende the quene ys dotter worde, 

wniche ys antral were. Rob. Glouc, p. 35. 

Ise ding thy hams out, thou base niukky 

Thou niak's sic anters^ tliouMl mistetch my 

cow. Yorkshire Dialogue, p. 36. 





Ac aveniure, for the fyght, 
This victorie is the y-dvght. 

K. Alimunder, 1. 3922. 

So I seid, anaunter whuniie my enemys 
be to glade over me. 
Fsalms and Prayers : MS. Hunt., 1 38, v®. 

■ To do anaunteTf to put in 


Tliy love ych abbe wel dere aboift, and my 
lyve anaunter y-do. Rob. Glouc, p. 311. 

AuNTER, I ^^ venture; to 
^^^"^^^^ hhazard. 


How l[ude8] for her lele Inf 
Hot lyve^ Imu auntered, 
Endured lor lier drury 
Dulful stoundez. 

Gawayn and the Gr. Kn., I. 2787. 
I wol anae and auntre it, in good faith. 

Chaucer, C. T., 4207. 

AuNTER, {A.-N.) (1) *. An adven- 
ture ; a hap, or chance. In aunter^ 
for fear. North, 

•adv. Perchance. 

Forthi nn aunter in erda 
I attle to shawe. 

Warton's Hist. B. P, i, 187- 

I conjure the neverthelese be God and 
Iby nobley, that thou take it unto none 
ydvotis. in auntyr that th^ by tlicr 
unKunning rayghtwerknoy to ony man 
that is yeven unto the comenne profite. 

MS. \Uk cent. 

(2) 8. An altar. Probably a mere 

clerical error. 

Be-forn his aunter he knelyd adoun. 

Songs and Carols, st. xu 

adj. Bold; daring; 
► adventurous ; for- 
midable; sometimes, 



I wot. Sir, ye are wight, 

And a wegli nobille, 

Aunlerous in armes. 

And able of person. 

Destruction of Troy, MS., 1. 10 v®. 

AuNTERS, adv. Peradventure ; in 
case that ; lest ; probably. North. 

AuNTERsoME, odj, Bold; daring. 

Auntre, adv. On the contrary; 

on the other hand. 

Auntre, they swore hym hool oth 
To be hys men that wei* there. 

R. Coer de Lion, S87B. 

AuNTREOUSLiCHE, odv. Boldlv ; 

Al auntreousliche ther he comen wes. 

Gy qf Warwike, p. S^. 

Aunty, (1) adj. Frisky and fresb, 

generally applied to horses. Leic. 


(2) 8. An aunt. Var. dial. 
Au-out, adv. Entirely. North. 
Aup, (1) *. A wayward child. 

North. Pronounced aup8 in 


{2) prep. Up. We8t. 
Ajjfy, adj. Apeish; imitative; pert. 

AuR, conj. Or. 
AuRATE, *. A sort of pear. 
AuRB, />»vjy. Over. 
AuREAT, adj, {Lat.) (1) Golden; 


(2) Good ; excellent. 




AttRB-HiET, pret, t. Overtook. 

He prekut onte prestcly, 
And aure-hiet him radly. 

Sobson'i Met. Etm-t P* 66. 

AuRTFiEDy part. p. (Lai.) Made 
pure as gold. 

AuRiGATioN, 8. (Lot.) The prac- 
tice of driving carriages. 

AuRRusT, 8. Harvest. Wore. 

AvKSKLSf pron. Ourselves. North. 

AuRUM-MULicuM, 8, A compo- 
sition mentioned in some early 
documents relating to the arts. 

AuRUM-POTABiLE, 8. A mcdicinc 
said to have possessed great 

And then the ^Iden oyle called aurum- 

A medicine most mervelons to preserve 

mans health. 

JskmoWi Tkeat. Chem., p. 422. 

AusB, (1) V. {A.'N.) To try ; to 

promise favorably. See Au8t, 

(2) conj. Also. 
AusiER, 8. An osier. Suffolk^ 
AusNEY, V. To anticipate bad news. 

Auspicate, adj, (Lat.) Auspicious. 
Auspicious, adj. Joyful. 
AusT, V, To attempt; to dare. 

Leic. and Warw, Also used as 

a substantive. 



Stem; severe. 

Bnt who is vond, thou Indye fkire, 
That looketh with sic an amteme face? 
Percy** Reliques, p. 75. 

To ansnere the alyenea 
Wyth auiteretu wordes. 

Morte Jrtkure. 

AusTRiDOB, t. (J.'N.) An ostrich. 
AuT, {l)pret,p. Ought. 

(2) adv. Out. North. 

(3) All the. North, 

AuTEM, t. A church, in the cant- 
ing language. Autem-mort, a 
married woman; aut em-diver 8 ^ 
pickpockets who practise in 
churches, &c. 

AuTBNTiCKE, adj. Authentic. 

AuTENTiauALi., adj. Authentic. 

AuTEosE, f. The name of a flower. 

The flow re is of a gode lose. 
That men calletli auteose. 

Reliq. Antxq., \, 195. 

AuTER, 8. An altar. 

lie lies at Wynchestre, beside an autere. 

Langtoflt p. 20. 

Authentic, a<(;., "seems to have 

been the proper epithet f6r a 

physician regularly bred or li 

censed. The diploma of a licenti. 

ate runs authentice licentiatus." 

To be relinquished of Galen and Para« 

celsus — 
And all the learned and authmtlc fellows. 
Shakesp., All's W. that Ends W., ii, 8. 

Or any other nutriment tliat by the 
judgment of the most atithrnticaf phv- 
siciuns, where I travel, shall be thought 

Jouson, Every Man out o/H.^ iv, 4. 

AuTHER, adj. Either. 

AuTOLOGY, 8. (Gr.) A soliloquy. 

AuTOMEDON, 8, Thc chariotccr of 
Achilles ; hence the early drama- 
tists applied the name generally 
to a coachman. 

Autonomy, ». (Gr.) Liberty to 
live after one's own laws. This 
word occurs in Cockeram's Enff- 
liah Dictionaries 1639. 

Autopon! interj. Out upon! 

AuTORiTY, 8. Authority. North, 

AuTouR, 1 ». (A.'N,) (1) An au- 
AucTouR, J thor. 
(2) An ancestor. 

AuTREMiTE, 8, Explained by 
Skinner, another attire. Tyrwhitt 
reads vitremite. 

And she that helmid was in starke stonris, 
And wan by force tounis strong and iouris. 
Shall on her hedde now werin autremite. 
Chaucer^ ed. Vrry, p. 1 

AuTURGY, 8, {Gr, aifTovpyia.) 
Work done ^y one's self; the 
work of one's own hand. 

AuvE, 8. The helve or handle of 
an axe. Shropsh, 

AuvERDRO, V, To overthrow. West, 

AuYEROiT, r. To overtake. West, 




AuvERLOOK, V. To ovcriook ; to 
look upon w ith the evil eye ; to 
bewitch. West, 

AuvERRiGHT. Across. A West 
Country word. 

Iz vather in a little cot 

Liv'd, auverright tlia moor, 
An thaw a kipt a vlock o' geese, 
A war a thoughted poor. 
, Jennings' Dialects, p. 109. 

AuviSE, 8, Counsel ; advice. For 

Au WARDS, a<ft;. Awkward ; athwart. 
North. Sheep are said to be 
auwardsi when they lie backward 
so as to be unable to rise. 

AvA*, adv. At all. North. 

AvACH, V. To avouch. Beds. 

AvAGE, s. A rent or duty which 
every tenant of the manor of 
Writtel, in Essex* paid to the 
lord on St. Leonard's day, for the 
liberty of feeding his hogs in the 
woods. Phillips, 

Avail, s. {A.-N.) Value ; profit ; 
advantage; produce. 

The avail of the marriage cannot be 
craved but at the perfect yeares of the 
apparent heir, because he cannot ])ay 
the avail, but by giving secunry of his 
landus. Hope's Minor Fracticks, 48. 

Quoth he, " Fayre maye, yet I you pray, 

Tims much at my desyer 
Vouchsafe to doo, as goe him too, 

Ana saye, an Austen fryar 
Woulde With him speake, and maters 
For his avayle certaine." 

A Mery Jest of a Sergeaunt. 

Howe'er, I charge thee, 

As heaven sliall work in me for thine avail. 

To tell nie truly. 

Shakesp., AlPs W. that Ends W., i, 3. 

AvAiTE, V. (A.'N.) To watch. 

The which ordeynede for a law, that 
what tynie there was any fyre in that 
cit6, there shulde be a hidcUe y-or 
deined for to avaite 1#, and to make an 
highe proclamacione in the < it6. 

Gesta Rom., p. 53. 

AvALE, \v. (J.'N.avaier.) (1) To 
AVAIL, J descend; to fail down; 
to sink. 

And often it hathe befallen, that rnniine 
of the Jewes han gon up the nioun* 
taynes, and avaled down to the valeyes ; 
but gret nombre of foil; ne may not ilo 
80. Maundevile, p. 2G6. 

But when they came in sigJit, 

And from their sweaty coursers did avaU. 
Spens., F. Q., II, ix, 10. 

(2) To lower; to let down. 

Sometimes abridged to ra/e, as in 

the phrase " to vale the bonnet," 

to lower the bonnet, or take oif 

the hat. 

He wold avale nowther hood nc hat, 
Ne abyde no man for his curtcsye. 

Chaucer, C. T., 3124. 

(3) To assault. Skinner, 
AvAN, adj. Filthy; squalid. North' 

AvANCE, {A.'N.) (1) V. To advance; 
to profit. See Avaunce, 
(2) s. Advancement. 
AvANCE,"! s. (A.'N.) The herb 
AVANS, I. barefoot, which was 
aVens, J formerly much used in 

Costmarie and avens are veric pleasant 
hearbes to give a savour like spice in 
pottHve and salads. 

Markham, Countrie Farme, ed. 1616 . 

AvANCEMENT, 8. Advancement. 

AvANG, s. A strap, or stay to 
which the girt is buckled ; a 
whang ; the iron strap under the 
lap of the saddle to which the 
stirrup-leather is fastened. Devon, 

AvANSE, V, To escape from. 

For any cas that may betyde, 
Schall non therof avnnse. 

Cokwold's Daunce, 165. 

AvANTAGE, 8. Advantage. 
AvANT-ctjRRiERs, *. pi. Winds 

from the east, so named by the 


Etesii, windes blowing verv stiffely for 
fortie dales together from the east,' just 
about the dog-daies, called of mariners 
the avant-curriers. Horio. 

AvANTERS, 8. pi. Portions of the 
nunibles of a deer, near the neck. 

AVANTMURB, 8. (/>.) The loiC- 

wall of a town. 




AvANT-PEACH, t. An early kind of 

AvANTWARDE, f . (J.-N,) The van- 
ward of an armv. 


AvARDE, adj. Afraid. 
Ayarous, adj. {Lat.) Ayaricious. 

For it bireveth him the love that, men 
to him owen, and turnith it bakward 
i^yns al resonn, and makith that the 
atarovs man liath more hope in his 

CHtel than in Jhesu Crist And ther- 

fore saith seint Ponle, ad Ephes. that 
an averous man is in the thraldom of 
ydolatrie. Chaucer ^ Persone* T. 

AvarouseTi more avaricious. 

Are no men avaronser than hii, 
l^lian thei ben araunced. 

Piert Ploughman, p. 26. 

Avast, interj. A sea term, mean- 
ing stop, hold, enough. 
AvAUNCE, V. {A.'N.) To advance. 

On Filip Yalas fast cri thai, 
Thare for to dwell nnd him avaunee. 
MinoVs Poems, p. 4. 
And as the world hnth sent you thcs three, 
So he sendth me, Woorshypp, to avaionce 
your degr^. 

Play of Wit and Science^ p. 34. 

Avauncers, s. (A,'N.) The horns 
of a buck. 

Two braunches fyrste pawmyd he must 

have : 
And fonre avauneen the soth yf ye woll 


Book of St. Albans, ed.1810, sig.n IL 

AvAUNCY, r. To advance; to 

A VAUNT, (1) ». {J,'N.) To brag ; 

to boast. 

And by the way he channced to espy 
One sitting idle on a sunny bank. 
To whom aeauntinff in great bravery. 
Spenser, I. Q., II, iii, 6. 

!2) 8. A boast. 
3)prfp, Before. 

The morow came, and forth rid this 

To Flannders ward, his prentis him 

Till he to Bruges came full merily. 

Chaucer, ed. Urry, p. 140. 

(4) adv. Forward. 

And with that worde came Brede ataunt, 
Wliiche was abashed and in grete fere. 

Bom. qf the Boss, S958. 

(5) 8. Dismissal. " To give her 
the avaunt." Henry VHI, ii, 3. 

AvAUNTANCE, t. Boastlng. 

AvAUNTLAY, 8. {A.-N.) In the an- 
cient system of hunting, one or 
two couples of hounds were sent 
with a man to several points 
where the game was expected to 
pass. On the approach of the 
deer, these hounds were uncoU' 
pled. The term relay was applied 
to any of these sets of hounds ; 
but those which, when a hart was 
unharboured, were a-head of 
him, were the avauntrelayt or, 
more usually, avauntlay. 

Ayauntour, 8. A boaster. 

Jvauntour, is he that bostetli of tlie Iiarm 
or ot the bount6 that lie hath don. 

Cftaucer, Persones T. 

Ayauntrie, 1 „ .. 

AVAUNTARYE,)*- ^"^""S- 

Aye, (1) r. To have. Aved^ he had. 

Aveden, they had. This form is 

of constant occurrence in earlv 


(2) *. Evening. For eve. 

The kinz ther stode with his mein6 
On a pafmesoiines ave. 

Arthour and Merlin, p. 200. 

Ayeard, adj. Afraid. We8t. 

Ayeaunt, adj. Graceful; becom- 

Aye-blot, 8. A reckoning ; a pay- 
ment. Mimheu. 

Aye-boords, 8. **Aube8f the short 
boords which are set into th* 
outside of a water-mills wheele ; 
we call them ladles, or ave- 
boord8." Cotgrave, 

Ayeer, *. Property. See Aver, 

Ayeise, a<^'. Careful; wary. For 

Ayel, (1) f. The awn or beard of 
barley. Norf. and Suff. 
(2) V. {Lat. avello.) To tear away. 

Ayelono, adj. Elliptical; oval; 
oblong. " Avehng, oblongus." 
Prompt. P. It is still used in 
Suffolk, according to Moor, who 




says that "workmen — reapers or 
rnowers — approaching the side 
of a field not perpendicular or 
parallel to their line of work, 
will have an unequal portion to 
do, — the excess or deficiency is 
called avellong work." 

AviCLY, adj. Com is said to be 
avely when a portion of the awns 
adhere to the grains, after it is 
dressed for the market. East, 

AvEN, 8, Promise; appearance. 

AvENAGB, 8, {A.'N.) Tribute, or 
homage, consisting of oats, paid 
to the lord of the manor. 

AvENANT, (1) ». {A.-N.) Agree- 
ment; condition. 

(2) adj, {A.-N.) Becoming; 

graceful; agreeable. 

Madame, slio said, had we that knyght, 
Tliat es so cnrtais and avenant. 

Ywaine and Gavoiity 1. 8885. 

(3) adj. Accomplished; able; 

No dosyper nas so avenaunt 
To stonde hys strok. 

Octovian, 923. 

AvENANTLi, "Xadv. Suit- 

AVENAUNTLiCHE, J ably ; well; 


Armed at alle pointes 
And avrnantli norsed. 

Will, and the Werw.y p. 136. 

Of erbes, and of erberi, so avoiauntliche 
i-diht. Pis till of Susan, st. 1. 

Avenge, *. {A.-N.) The feast of 

Avene, (1) ». An ear of corn. Pr. 

(2) adv. In the evening. Per- 
haps a misprint for an-eve. 

Hi stil him and elde folow, 
Both avene and eke a-mornr. 


Aveng, pret. t. of avonyCt for 

ajonge. {A.-S.) Took; received. 

He aveng dethes wounde, and wonder nas 
yt none. Bob. Glouc, p. S23. 

Avenimeu, part. p. Envenomed. 

Avenob, f. {A.'N.) The person 

who, in the household of the 
king, and of great barons, had 
the care of the provender for the 
horses. His duties are described 
in the Book of Curtasye as fol- 

The aveyner schalle ordeyn provande good 

For tho lordys horsis everychon ; 
Thay schyn have two cast of hay, 
A pek of provande on a day ; 
Every horse schalle so muclie liave 
At racke and manger that standes with 

stave ; 
A maystur of horsys a sqnyer ther is, 
Jveyntr and ferour iindur nym i-wys. 
Those ^omen that olde siideU schyn have. 
That schyn be last for knyjt and knave, 
For yche a hors that ferruure schalle scho, 
An halpeny on day he takes hym to : 
Undur ben gromes and pages moDy one. 
That ben at wage everychone ; 
Som at two pons on a day, 
And som at iij. oh. I 50U say; 
Mony of hem fotemcn ther ben. 
That rennen by the brydels of ladys schene. 

AvENS, 8. The plant herb benet. 

AvENSONG, 8. Evening. 

Avent, interj. Avaunt ! 

Aventaile, 8. (A.-N.) The move- 
able front to a helmet, but some- 
times applied generally to the 
whole front of the helmet. 

Avente, v. (A.'N.) To open the 

aventaile for the purpose of 

breathing ; to admit air to. 

And let h^m bayte hym on tlie ground. 
And aventid hym in that stound. 

Torrent of Portugal, i, 1567. 

Aventebs, 8. Chance. See Auri' 

Aventoub, (1) V, To venture. See 


(2) 8. An adventurer. 
AvENTBE, V. {Ital.) To throw a 


Thenne this one knyght aventryd a 
grete spere, and one of the x. ktiyghtcs 
encountred with hym, but this wot'ul 
knyght smote hym so hard that he telle 
over his hors taylle. 

Morte d' Arthur, i, 177. 

AvENTROUs, 8, An adventurer. 

As dooth an hentnd of armes 
Ti'han aventroM oometh to jnstes. 

Piers PL, p. 370L 




AvENTURB, (1) 8, Accidcnt causing 
death. A law term. It is tlie 
generic tenn for chance in early 
writers. See Aunter. 
(2) adv. Perchance. ^tQ Aunter. 

AvENTURLY, cdv. Boldly. 

Aver, t. (/i.-N.) (1) A man's per- 
sonal property. 

(2) *. A work-horse, or other 
beast employed in farming. 

(3) adj. (conjectured to be the Ice- 
landic <^.) Peevish. Nvrthumb. 

Average, 1 ». (A,'N.) Manley, 

AVERiSH, J in ins additions to 
Cowell, says that in the North 
of England this word is used for 
the stubble or remainder of 
straw and grass left in corn- 
fields after the harvest is carried 
in. Boucher gives it as a York- 
shire word, meaning a course of 
ploughing in rotation. Carr ex- 
plains it ** winter eatage." 

Aver-cake, 8. An oat-cake. 

AvKRCORN, ». (I) Corn drawn to 
the granary of the lord of the 
manor by tlie working cattle, or 
aver8f of the tenants. 
(2) A reserved rent in com, 
paid by farmers and tenants to 
religious houses. 

AvERE, 8. Property. See Aver. 

AvERiL, f . {A.-N.) April. A North 
Country word. See the Popular 
Rhymes, Sfc, qf Scotland^ by R. 
Chambers, 8vo, Edinb., 1842, 
p. 39, where the same form of 
the word occurs in a rhyme 
popular in Stirlingshire. It is 
also an archaism. 

Jveril is meory, and longith the days 
Ladies loven solas and play : 
Swaynes, justes ; kiiyglitis, turnay ; 
Svoeith the nvKhtyagalc, jrredetli theo jay. 


AvERiNO, #. "When a begging 
boy strips himself and goes 
naked into a town with a fals 
story of being cold, and stript, 

> to move compassion and gee 

better deaths, this is calVd 
avering^ and to goe a avermg." 
Kennett, MS. Lansd. 
AvBRiSH, f . The stubble and grass 
left in corn fields after harvest. 
North. See Average. 

In these monthes after the cornne bee 
innede, it is meete to putt drausrlite 
horssea and oxen into tlie averish, wnil 
80 lonnge to continue there u* tl>e 
nieate sufficetli, which will ease the 
other pastures they went in before. 

Archaologia, xiii, S79. 

Ave RL AND, 8. Land ploughed by 
the tenants, with their cattle, or 
avers, for the use of a monaster)', 
or of the lord of the soil. Cowell. 

AvEROUs, at(f. Avaricious. Wick- 
lifTe renders Prov. i, 19, '* of the 
averous man that is gredy of 
gain." See Avarous. 

Averoyne, f. {A.'N.) The herb 

Averpeny, 8. Average penny. 
This word occurs in Rider's Die- 
tionarie, 1640. According to 
Cowell, it is money contributed 
towards the king's averages; and 
Rastall gives the same explana- 

Averray, v. To aver ; to instruct. 

Averruncate, v. {Lat. averrunco.) 
To root out, or extirpate; to 

Averruncation, 8. Extirpation. 

AvERSATiON, *. (Zrfl/.) Aversion, 
great dislike to. 

This almost nniversid atersathn of the 
people had a natural influence upon 
the representative, the Parliament. 

Wilson's James 1, 1653. 

AvERSiLVER, 8, A custom or rent 
so called, originating from the 
cattle, or avers, of the tenants. 

AvERST, adv. At the first. 

Averty, adj. {A.'N. avertin.) 
Mad; fiery. 

The respons were redy that Philip did 

tham bere. 
A knvght fuUe averty gaf tham this nu- 

sucrc. ^ft*:r Lang toft, p. 260. 




Avert, (1) t. The place of stand- 
ing for draaght and work-horses. 
This is Boucher's explanation of 
the term, vrhich is frequently 
met with in old writers. The 
author of A New English Dic- 
tionary, 1691, explains it, "the 
place where oats are put for 
horses," which is probahly more 
correct, haver being the term 
for oats in the North of England. 
(2) Every. 

Ayb-scot, 8. A reckoning; an 
account. Minsheu* 

AvET, 8. Weight. 

And ys avet more bi six and thritti leed 
punde, that beeth to hundred and 8ex> 
tene wexpunde. Beliq. Jntiq., i, 70. 

AvsTBOL, 8. {A,'N.) A bastard. 

Thou avetrol, Ihou foule wreche, 
Here thou hast thyn endyng feched ! 

K. AUsaunder, 1. 2693. 

AvBYDE. Perhaps an error for 


Taketh and eteth, thys hiis my body, 
Of Bothe he ham avej/de. 

William de Shorekam. 

AvEXED, adj. Troubled ; vexed. 

Also ye must se tliat she be not avexyd 
nor grevyd with moche noyse, nor wy th 
songe of men. 
Book of St. Allans, ed. 1810, sig. B iv. 

AviDULous, adj, {Lat.) Rather 

AviEu, 1 V. To view. " I avewe, 
AVEWE, J I take syght of a thing." 

AviLE, V, {A,-N. avilir.) To de- 

AviNTAiNE, adv. {A.-N.) Speedily. 

AviROUN, /irqo. {A.'N.) Around. 

Avi8, 8. {A.'N.) (1) Advice. 

And right as the schipmen taken here 
avys here, and goveme hem be the lode 
sterre, right so don schipmen be^onde 
the parties, be the sterre of the southe, 
the wliiche sterre apperetlie not to us. 
ManndeviU, ed. 1839, p. 180. 

(2) Opinion. 
AvisE, V. {A.'N.) (1) To observe ; 
to look at. Avisandf observing. 

(2) To consider ; to advise with 

one's self; to inform, or teach. 

Avis^*, part. p. Circumspect. 

Of werre and of bataiie he was fuUe uvisS. 

Langtoft, p. 188. 

AvrsELY, adv. Advisedly. 

Over alle thinges ye schal do yonre 
dilijrence to kepe yo'ure persone, and to 
warmstore youre house; and seyden 
also, that in this yow aughte for to 
wirche ful avyiih/ and with gret delihe- 
racioun. Chaucer, T. o/Melibeus. 

AviSEMBNT, t. Advice ; counsel. 

AvisiNESSB, 8. Deliberation. 

AvisiouN, s. {A.'N.) A vision. 
This word is of frequent occur- 
rence in Chaucer, Robert of 
Gloucester, and others. 

And onre Lord defended hem that thei 
scholde not telle that avisioun, til that 
he were ryseu from dethe to lyf. 

MaundetiU, ed. 183*9, p. 114. 

AvisT, adv. A -fishing. West, 
AviTous, adj. {Lat, avitus.) Very 

AvivBS, 8. A disease in horses. 

The horse liavine drunke much, or 
watered verie quickly after his heat and 
travaile, and upon it growing cold, and 
not being walked, doth beget the avives, 
which doe but little differ from the 
disease called the king's-evill, because 
as well in beasts as in man, the king's- 
evill comnieth of too much cooling of 
water, the throat having beene heated, 
whereupon the horse looseth his appe- 
tite to eat, and his rest likewise, and 
his eares become cold. 

Mariham, Cottntrie Ferme. 

AvizE. See Avise. 

AvocATE, V. {Lat. avoco.) To call 
from ; to draw away. 

AvoERY, f. {A.'N.) The right 
of the founder of a house of 
religion to the advowson or pa- 
tronage thereof. These patrons 
had, in some instances, the 
sole nomination of the abbot or 
prior, either by direct investi- 
ture, or delivery of a pastoral 
staff; or by immediate presenta- 
tion to the diocesan ; or if a free 
election were left to the religious 




foundation, a licence for election 
was first to be obtained from the 
patron, and tbe election was to 
be confirmed by him. Kennett 
Avoid, r. (A.-N.) To go, depart, 
or retire ; to get out of the way. 

Thoa basett thing, avoid, hence from my 
sight. Shakesp., Cytn., i, 2. 

Saw not a creature stirring, for all the 
people were aooyded and witbdrawen. 


(2) The word is frequently used 
by old writers, to signify the 
removal of dishes from table. 

Jwoydet tho horde into tho flore, 
Tase away tho trestes that hen so store. 
Boke of Curtasye, p. 33. 

His office to moid the tables, in fair 
and decent manner. 

Q. Elizabeth's Progress. 

(3) 9, The act of avoiding. 

And as well the servyse for the king 
for all night, as the greete aroydes at 
feastes, and the dayly drinkinges be- 
twixt meles in the kings chaurubre for 
lAber Niger Domus Reg. Edw. IV, p. 37. 

Ayoidance, 8, (A.-N,) Expulsion ; 

Atoidons, 9, In a general sense, 

the vacancy of a benefice ; but 

in some instances, the profits 

during such a vacancy. 
Avoir, ». (u^.-iST.) Property. See 

Ayoir-de-peise, "I 8. {A.'N.) Ar- 
AVOiRDEPOiSE, J ticles of mer- 
chandise that are sold by weight. 

'*It signifieth such merchandise 
. as are weighed by this weight, 

and not by Troy weight." Cowell, 
Atoke, V, To revoke; to call 

Atoket, 8, An advocate. Wyckliffe, 
Atolation, 8, {Lat,) A flying 


Only indicate a moist and plnvious air, 
which hinders the avolation of the light 
and farillous particles, whereupon they 
settle upon the snast. 

Browne, Vulgar Errors. 

AvoMOE, V, To take. See Afonge, 

AvoRD, V. To afiTord. W^t. 

AvoKEf prep. Before. We8i, 

Avoreward, adv. At first ; before- 
hand. Rob. Gloue. 

AvoRN, adv. Before him. West. 

AvoRTH, adv. Forward. 

AvoTE, adv. On foot. Rob. Gloue. 

Avouch, '\8.{A.'N,) Proof; 

AVoucHMENT, J testimony. 

AvouRE, 8. Confession ; acknow- 
ledgment. Spenser. 

AvouRY, f. (A.'N.) An old law 
term, nearly equivalent to justifi- 

Therfore away with these avowries .- let 
God alone be our avowry e; M-hat have 
we do to ninne liether or thether, but 
onely to the Father of heaven ? 

Latimer*s Sermons, ed. 1571, f. 84. 

AvouTRER,*. {A.'N.) An adulterer. 
AvouTRiE, 8. \A,'N.) Adultery. 
AvowABLB, 8. Allowable. This 

word occurs in Rider^g Diction' 

ariCf 1640. 
Avow, (1) 8. (A.'N.) A vow ; an 


Myne avow make I. 

Robson's Romances, p. 61. 
Thns he brak his avowe, that he to Giod had 

suom. Lang toft, p. 112. 

AvowE, V, (A.'N.) (1) To vow ; to 
make a vow. "Avowen, or make 
avowe : Voveo." Prompt. Parv. 
(2) To allow ; to pardon. 

Avow6, 8. {A.'N.) (1) A friend ; 

an advocate. 

And hendely they bysechith the 
That thou beo heore avoioc. 

K. Alisaunder, 1. 8160. 

(2) One who has the right of 
presentation to a benefice. ** He 
to whom the right of advowson 
of any church appertaineth, so 
that he may present thereunto 
in his own name.'' CowelL 

(3) Patronage. 

Yor thorn awwi of him, the sone bigan 
that strif. Rob. Gloue., p. 477^ 

And so indnred sir Robert Marmyon 
and Somervyle as avowis of the howys 
alle the tyme of the lyve of William 
the Bustarde. Monast. Anglic. 




AvowERY, 8. {A,'N,) (1) Patron- 
age ; protection. 

(2) Co^izance, badge, distinc- 

AvowsAL, 8. A confession. 

AvowT, 8. (A.'N.) A countenance. 

AvowTERY, 8, Adultery. 

AvoY, iniefj. (A.-N.) (1) A cry 
used to call hounds out of cover. 
(2) imp, /. Avoid ; leave ; quit. 

AvRiL, 8. April. North. See Averil. 

AvROKEf adj. Frozen. West. 

AvuRN, adj. Slovenly in dress. 

AwERMEYL, 8. Oatmcal. Ywk8h, 

AvYB, V. (A.'N.) To show the way. 

Sir Arthnre and Gawayne 
Avycde theme botUene. 

Morte Arthure. 

AvYNET, «. A collection of fables, 
so termed from Avienus, whose 
fables were popular in the Middle 
Ages, as from i£sop, an Esopet, 

By the po feet is tinderatande, 
As I have lerned in Am/net. 

Piers PI, p. 243. 

AvYSSETH, adv. A-fishing. 

A-day as he wery was, and a sooddrynge 

hym nome, 
And ys men wery y-wend avysseth, seyn 

Cutbert to hym com. Bob. GUnte., p. 264. 

Aw, (l);?ron. I. Nor thumb. 

(2) adv. Yes. Warw, 

(3) adj. All. North, 

(4) adv. All ; totally. Craven. 

(5) pre8. t. sing. Owe. 

And sir, sho said, on al wise, 
I aw the honor and senryse 

TwaiM tuU CfawtH, 1. 720. 

(6) For aw, although. 

I could do naa less ner mack bond to 
esh him in tot' house, /or aw it wor au a 
cluster. Craven Dialogues, p. 299. 

(7) Aw out J adv. Entirely. 
AwATLTE, pret. t. (A.'S. awehte.) 

AwAiT,8.{A.'N.) Watch; ambush. 
AwAiTB, V. (A.'N.) To watch; to 

atteud upou. 

And this sire Urre wdd nerer goo from 
sire Launcclot, but he and sir G«vayn 
avrayted evermore upon hym, and they 
were in all the courte ncconnted for 
good knyghtes. Morte d^ Arthur, ii, 887. 

AwAiTER, 8. An attendant; a 

AwAKiD, ;;ar^. p. Awake. Somerset. 

AwANTiNG,a<(/. Deficient to; want- 
ing to. 

AwAPB, 1 ». (-<^.-S. perhaps con- 
AWHAPE, j nected with irq/Stfn, to 
be astonished or amazed, some- 
times written wapean^Sindwoffianf 
to rave.) To confound ; to stu- 
pefy ; to astound. 

Theo noise of heom askaped; 
Al that ost was awttped. 

K. AlisoMHier, I. 8673. 

Ah my dear gossip, answerd then th*- npe. 

Deeply do your sad words my wits atohapt. 

Spelts., Mother Huh. Tale, 71. 

AwARANTiSE, odv. Assuredly. 
Award, v. To ward oflf. 
AwARR, (1) To be aware, to per- 

As Robin Hood walked the forest along. 

Some pnstiroe for to 'spy. 
There he was aware of a jolly shepherd. 

That on the ground did lie. 

Robin Hood and the Shepherd. 

(2) 9. To prepare, or make room 
for any one. 

So he led him to the chamber of pre- 
sence, and ever and anon cryes out, 
Aware, roome for me and my uncle 1 

Armings Nest of Ninnies, 160& 

AwARiE, V. (A.'S. awyrian.) To 


Theves, ye be ded, withoutcn lesinge, 
Awarid worth ye ichon. 

Gy of Warwihe, p. 166. 

AwARN, V. To warn; to forewarn. 

AwARPE, "I r. {A.'S. aweorpan.) 

AWBORPE, J To cause to bend; to 

cast down. 

Eld me awarpeth. 
That mi schuldren scharpith, 
And joutlie me hath let. 

Reliq. Antiq., ii. 210. 

AwARRANT, V. To Warrant; to 




AwART, adv. Thrown on the hack 
and unahle to rise. North, 

AwASSHEN, pari, p. Washed. 

A-WATBR, adv. On the water. Piers 
PI. In the foilowing passage it 
seems to have somewhat the sense 
of at tea. 

Bat if he had broke liis arme as wel as 
his legge, when he fell out of heaven 
into l^mnos, either Apollo must have 
plaied the bone-setter, or every occupa- 
tioB bf)en« layde a-water. 

Gomoh's Schoole of Abute, 1579. 

A WAT, 8, (1) A way. 

And sliall departe his awaye from thence 
in peace. 
Jeremy, chap. 43, Coverdale*s Version. 

(2) Past. "This month away." 


Away with, ». To bear with ; to 

endure ; to abide. 

I may not atcaye with youre new moones. 
Isaiah, i, 13, Coverdale's Version. 

She could never away with me. 

3 Hen. IV, iii, 2. 

Of all nymphs i' th^ court I cannot away 
vUh \ua. B. Jon., Cynth. Retels, iv, 5. 

I, but I am an unfortunate ; for I neither 
can give or take jests, neither can away 
with strokes. Terence in English, 1641. 

A WAT-GOING, 8. Departure. 

Awat-the-mare. a popular song 
of the sixteenth century, fre- 
quently alluded to by writers of 
that period. 

Of no man ho tooke any care, 
But sonts, heyho, away the mare. 

The Fryer and the Boy, ed. 1617. 

Jway the mare, (juod Walii, 
I set not a whitinge 
By all their writing. 

Boctour Doubble Jle. 

AwATTB, 8. A spying. See Await. 

AwATWARD, adv. Going away; 

AwBELL, 8, A kind of tree, hut in 
consequence of the manner in 
which the word is explained in 
the Prompt. Parv., it is difficult 
to state the exact species. **Aw' 
bellor ebeltre: Ebenus, viburnus." 
It probably means the abtUf or 

white poplar, which is called 

ebbel in the Eastern Counties. 
AwBLAST, 8. An arbalest. 
AwcTE, pret. t. Possessed. 
AwD, adj. Old. North. 
AwDRiES-DAY, 8. St. ^thcldfytha's 

Awe, t>. (1) (A.'S.) To be bound 

hy duty. / awcy I ought. 

And the archebysschoppe of Cawnter- 
hury, the erie of Essex, the lonie 
Bamesse. and suche otiier as awi^de 
kyiiee Edwarde good wylle, as welle in 
Lonaone as in otiiere plac(!S, made ns 
many menne as thei niyelite in streugtii* 
yuge the seidc kynge Edwarde. 

IVarkworth's Chron. 

(2) To own ; to possess ; to owe. 

(3) 8. (A.'S.) An ewe. 

J we bleteth after lomb, 
Lltuuth after calve cu. 

Ri I son's Ancient Songs, i, 11. 

(4) 8, (A.'S. oga, fear.) Doubt ; 
fear. ^^Awe or doute: Dubiuni, 
Ambiguum." Prompt. Parv. 

(5) v. To awe ; tu make afraid. 
AwEALDE, V. (A.'S.) To govern. 
AwEARiED,j9ar/./7. Wearied; tired. 
AwEBAND, 8. A reprimand; a check 

upon any one. 

AwECCHE, V. (A.'S. aweccan.) To 


frere ther wes among, 

Of here slep hem shulde nweeeke. 

Reliq. Antig., n, 27S. 

AwEDDE, adj, (A.'S. ) Mad. 

Wives ther lay on child bcdde. 
Sum ded, and sum awedde. 

Orfeo, \. 362, MS. Auch. 

AwEDE, V, (A.'S.) To become 


He rod agayn as tyd, 
And Lyheaus so he sniyt. 
As man that wold awede. 

Lyb. Biscon., 1. 957. 

AwEiGHTTE, pret. t, (A,'S.) 


The kyng swoghened for that wounde. 
And hastilich liymself ttweightte. 
And the launce out pleightte, 
And lepe on lote Mitli swerd of steel. 
And guu hym Mere switlie uel 

A. Alisaundcr, 5658. 




AwEiNYD, part. p. Weaned. 

AwELDE, V, {A.-S.) To govern; to 

AwEN, a^A {-^'-S.) Own. 

AwENDEN,/ire/. t,pL Thought. 

AwER, 8, An hour. Lane, 

Awesome, adj. (1) Respectful; re- 
specting one another. 

I see they are wise and witty, in dne 
place awsomCf lovin); one the oUier. 

Terence in English, 1641. 

(2) Appalling; awful. North, 
AwET, V. (J.-S.) To know. 

Be mey liorne we schall awet 
Yeff Boben Hode be nerhande. 

Robin Hood, i, 93. 

AwEYWARD, \adv. {A.S.) A- 

AWEYWARDESy J Way. Scc Away- 


Thos we beth al aweytoardy 
That schold her byleve. 

Wiiliam de Skoreham. 

To winne hem alleatrCTtcart/M fro the white 
beres. William and the Werwolf y p. 79. 

AwF, «. (1) An elf. North. 
(2) An idiot ; a fool. North. 

AwpiN, *. One of the pieces in the 
game of chess. *^ Awfyn of the 
cheker, alfinus." Prompt. Parv. 
See Alfyn. 

AwFRYKE, 8. Africa. 

Awful, adj. (1) Obedient ; under 
due awe of authority. Shakesp. 
(2) Fearful ; fearing. 

AwGHT,pre/. t. Ought. 

AwGHTEND, adj. The eighth. 

AwGRYMy 8. Arithmetic. See 

AwHAPE, V. To confound ; to ren- 
der stupid by fear. See Awape. 

A wild and sulrage man : 

Yet was no man, but only like in shape. 

And eke in stature Iiigher by a span, 

All over-grown with hair that could utohape 

An hardy heart. Spent,. F. ^,, IV, vii, 5. 

AwHARP, adv. (A.-S.) Whirled 

And wyth qnettyng a-toharf, er lie wolde 
lyjt. Syr 6awai/ne, p. 82. 

AwHEELS, adv. On wheels. 
AwHERBi adv. Auywhere. 

Fer yf my foot wolde awher goo. 

Ginoer, MS. 

I knowe jrnough of this matter. Pam- 
phagos, not thither awhrre but ricbe. 

Jcolastus, 1540. 

AwHEYNTE, V. To acquaint. 
Awhile, (1) conj. Awhilst. 

(2) V. To have time. Var. dial. 
AwHOLE, adv. Whole; entire. 

AWILLE, V. To will. 
AwiNNE, V. To win ; to gain ; to 

accomplish a purpose. 

Wyth sorwthe ofherte and schryft of 

Duth deedbote this tyme nouth, 
5if je wolle God awvnne. 

Reliq. Jntiq.t il, 343. 

AwiRGUD, />ar/. p. (1) Accursed. 

(2) Strangled. 
AwiTE, V. {A.'S.) To accuse. 

Be not to hasty on brede for to bite. 
Of gredynes lest men the wolde atoil^. 

Reliq. Antiq., i, 157. 

AwiTH, pre8. t. of awe. Ought. 

And if the prest sacre Crist M-an he 
blessith the sacrament of God in the 
auter, atoith he not to blessith thepeple 
that dredith not to sacre Crist ? 

Apology fur the Lollards, p. 30. 

AwKE, adj. (I) Transverse; cross; 
oblique. " AwketOrvfron^ : Sinis- 
ter." Prompt, P. 

Thenne groned that knyght and ad- 
dressyd liyni to syre Gawayn, and with 
an awke stroke gaf hym a grete wound 
and ky tte a vayne. Ayng Arthur, i, l48. 

(2) Angry ; ill-natured. " Awie, 
or angry : Contrarius, bilosus.'' 
Prompt. P. 

AwKELY, adv. Ill-naturedlv. 

AwK-END, 8. The end of a rod, 
wand, or pole, which is not that 
used for the purpose for which 
the instrument was made. 

AwKERT, adj. (1) Perverse. Lane. 
Awkertli/t foolishly. 

The dickons tey thee, Meary ! whot on 
avrkert whean ar teau 1 whot teh pleagna 
did t' flay meh o thiss'n for? 

Tim Bohhin, p. 85. 

(2) Stubborn, obstinate. North, 




AwKWA&DB,a(fo. Backward. Awk* 
ward occurs in a similar sense 
in Shakespeare. 

Awi«, adj. All. My awls^ my 

AwLATE, V, {A,'S.) To disgust. 

Vor the kin{; was somdel ovulated, and to 
gret despit it nom. Bob. Glow., p. 485. 

AwLDE, adj. Old. 

AwLESSE, adj. Fearless. 

The greater strokes, the fiercer was the 
monster's awUsse lixht. 

Wamer^s Jlbion's England, 1593. 

Awi«UNG,pr^.. All along ; entirely 

owing to. Awlung o\ all along 

of. North, 
AwLUS, adv. Always. Lane. 
AwM, (] ) «. A measure of Rhenish 

wine, containing forty gallous. 

(2) I am. North. 
Aw-MACKS, t. All sorts, or kinds. 

AwMBRR,! jr. {medieval Lat. am- 
AWMYR, j bra.) A liquid mea- 
sure ; a kind of wine vessel. 
AwMBRERE, 8. An almouer. 

Prompt. P. 
AwME, (1) V. (A.-N. esmer.) To 

guess ; to aim. 

(2) 8. A suspicion. 
AwMNERE, 8. (A.'N.) An almoner. 

His duties are thus set out in the 

Boke of Curtasye: 

The awmnere by this hathe sayde ^nce, 
And the almes-uysshe hnse sett in place j 
Ther in the kerver alofte schalle sette j 
To serve God fyrst, withouten lette, 
These other lol'es he parys aboute, 
Lays hit myd dysshe, witliouten doute. 
The sraaUe lofehe cuttes even in twynoe, 
Tlio over dole in two lays to hym. 
The aumenere a rod schalle have in honde, 
As office for alnies, y undurstunde ; 
Alle the broken-met he kepys, y Mate, 
To dele to pore men at the jate, 
And drynke thatleves senx-d in halle, 
Of ryche and pore, bothe g:rcte and smalle; 
He is swome to overse the servis wcle. 
And dele it to the uorc every dele ; 
Selver he deles ryuand by way, 
And his almys-dysshe, as I 5(m say, 
To tlie porest man that he can fyiide. 
Other allys, I wot, he is unkyiide. 

AwMoss, 8. pi. Alms. Thcresby 

gives this form of the word in his 
letter to Rav, 1703. 

AwMRY, *. A pantry. North. See 

Awn, (\) v. To own ; to acknow- 
ledge. North. 

(2) To own ; to possess. North. 

(3) To visit. Yorksh. 

(4) adj. Own. 

As fyrste, the xv. of alle tliere pondcs, 
and tlianne anc hole xv., Hi yett at every 
batell to come ferreoute there countrcis 
at ther avone coste. 

WarJnoortVs Chron. 

AvrtJ*D,part. p. Ordained. YorksJi. 

I am awrCd to ill luck, t. e., it is 

my peculiar destiny. 
AwNDERNE,9. An audiron. Prompt. 

AwNE, 8. The beard of corn ; the 

arista of Linnaeus. North. 
AwNER, 8. (1) A possessor; an 

owner. North. 

(2) An altar. 
Awn-sell, 8. Own-self. North. 
AwNTURS, 8. 'Adventurous. See 

Awonder, v. (I) To surprise; to 


He was wijtliche awondered. 
And gan to wepe sore. 

William and t/ie ffencolf, p. 12. 

(2) To marvel. 

Heo aufundrrde switlie. 

MS. Reg., 17 A xrvii, f. 63. 

Awork, adv. On work ; at work. 

I'll set his burning nose once more atcork 
To smell where I reniov'd it. 

B. Jon., Case is Alter'd, ii, 6. 

"Will your grace set him atcork.^ 

Bird in a Cage, i, 1. 

AwoRTHE, adv. Worth ilv. 
AwR,j»ron. Our. North. 
AwREKE, V. (A.S.) To avenge, or 
be revenged of. Pret. t. an rake. 

Fort ich have after jou i-sent, 
To atoreke me thorou^ juireraent. 
Now je witcn how hii is agon, 
Atcrexe me switlie of mi fon. 

FloriceandBlanchefl., 1. C79. 

Awreke, part. p. Revenged. 




He nior he wold avoreke ho of lijrs brother 
Roberd. Buh. Glouc , p. 388. 

AwRENCHB, 9. To scize. 
AwRiTTEN, part, p, "Written. 
AwRO, adj. Any. 

Is ther fallen any affray 
In land awro where ? 

Totonelty Mysteries, p, 273. 

AwKOKEN, part, p. of awreke. 

AwROTHB, V, (J.S.) To make 

AwRUDDY, adv. Already. North, 

Aws-BONRS, 8. "Ox-bones, or 
hones of the legs of cows or oxen, 
with which boys (in Yorkshire) 
play at aws or yawse." Kennett, 

AwsT. I shall. Northumb, 

AwT. (1) All the. North, 
(2) adv. Out. Nwrth, 

AWTALENT, 8, {A.-S.) Ill will. 

AwTER, (1) r. To alter. North, 
(2) 8. An altar. 

Seynt Thomas was uslawe, 

At Cttntyrhury at tlie awter ston, 

Wher many mjraclys are i-don. 

Richard Coer de Xum, 41. 

AwTH. (1) All the. North, 

(2) 8. Ought ; anything. 
AwTHE, adj. Sad ? 

■ Pilgremes, in speche ye ar fnlle awthe. 
Toumeley Mysteries, p. 274. 

AwTHER, adj. Either. 
AwTS, 8. Oats. Lane, 
AwvE. I have. Northumb, 
AvwER, adv. Over. Someraet, 
AwYiSH, adj, (1) Elvish. Lane, 

E, law I on did 'n the awish shap, an 
the pleck jump pan, sed 'n tlie ? 

Tim Jiuhbin, p. 7. 

(2) Queer ; neither sick nor well. 
AwviSHLT, adv. Horribly; super- 

When he coom in ogen, he glooart 
awvishly ot mezzil fease ; on mezzil 
fease gleudurt os wrytlienly ot him ogen. 

Tim Bobbin, p. 20. 

AwwHBRB, adv. Everywhere ; all 

AwYRTEX, ff, (J,'S,) To curse ; to 

Tliey wolden awyrien that wiprht 
Furliis wel dedes. Fiers PL p. 490. 

Ax, 8. (1) A milUdam? See 


Also ther is a ox that my master clameth 
the keeping of; I pniy yuu let them 
have and occnpie tlie saoie onto the 
same tyme, and tlien we shall take a 
dereccion in every thiii};. 

Flumpton Correspondence, p. 71 • 

(2) An axletree. Kent, 

AxE, 1 ». (A.'S.) To ask. This 

AX, J word, which now passes 

for a mere vulgarism, is the 

original Saxon form, and used 

commonly by Chaucer and others. 

That also sone as he hym herde, 
The kiiiges wordes he ansuerde ; 
What thyngthe kjmg him axe wolde, 
Thcrof anon the trowthe he tolde. 

Gower, MS. Comb., Ff. i, 6. 

Aod axed tliem this question than. 

Ueywood, Four Fs, 0. P., i, 84. 

AxBN, 8, {A.'S.) Ashes. Still used 

in the dialect of the West. 

Y not wharof beth men so prute; 
Of erthe and oxen, felle and bone? 
Fol. Songs, p. 203. 

AxEN-CAT, 8, A cat which tum- 
bles in the ashes. Devon, 

Axes, 8. The ague. Applied more 
particularly to fits or paroxysms. 

In the xiii of king Edwarde, there waa 

a greate hote somer And univer- 

sally fevers, axes, and the hkxly flix pre- 
vailed in diverse partes ot Endande. 

Leland's Colt., ii, 507. 

Not only yong, hut some that wer olde, 
Wyth love's axcesse now wer they hote, 
now colde. 

Bochas, Fall of Princes, f. 124. 

AxEW ADDLE, (1)0. To wallow on 
the gruundL Devon. 

(2) 8, One, wlio by constantly 
sitting near the Are, becomes 
dirty with ashes; an idle and 
lazy person. Devon, 

(3) A dealer in ashes. Devon, 
AxFETCH, 1 «. A plant, so called 

AXVETCH, vfrom the axe-like 
AXWORT, J shape of its pods. 




And we necde not make anv doubt of 
it, but that even good andkinde ground, 
when it should not bring forth any 
thing but mustard seede,— blew bottles, 
axfeteh, or such other like unproAtable 
weedes. The Countrie Forme, p. 666. 

AZII.-NAILS, «. Nails or bolts to 
attach the axle-tree to th« cart. 

Axing, a. A request. 

AxiOMANCT, 8. Divination by 
hatchets. Cocieram, 

AxTJB-TOOTH, #. A gi'inder. North. 

To drearae of eagles flying over our 
heads, to dreame of marrisijcea, dauc* 
ing. and banquetting, foretells some of 
our kinsfolkes are departed ; to drenme 
of silver, if thou hast it given to thy- 
Bclfe, sorrow J of gold, good fortune; 
to lose an axU-toth or an eye, the death 
of some friend; to dream of bloody 
teeth, the death of the dreamer. 

CouHtry-mans Cotmsellor, 163S. 

Ax-PBDLAR, 8. A dealer in ashes ; 
a person vrho hawks about wood- 
ashes. West. 

AxsRED, «. The axfetch. Minsheu. 

AxsY, V. (/i.'S, acsian.) To ask. 

Ho that wyll there axsy Justus, 
To kepe hys armcs fVo the rustu^ 
Jn. turoement other fyght. 

Laimfal, 1027. 

AxTREB, #. The axle-tree. 
AxuNGER, 8, {Lai. axungia.) Soft 
£at; grease. 

The powder of earth^wormes, and axun- 
ger, addeth further, eroiinswell, and 
the tender toppes of the ho\e-tree, 
with ohbanum ; all these, bein^; made 
up and tempered together to make an 
eroplaster, he counselleth to bee ap- 
plyed to sinnewes that are layed open. 
Topeell, History ofSerfienls, p. 311. 

AxwoBT, f. Axfetch. Minsheu. 
Ay, 8. {J.'S, <Bg,) (1) An egg. 
Ayren,pL {A.-S, agru.) Eggs. 

Afterward a flok of bryddis. 
And a faucon lieom aniyddes. 
And ay he laide, so he Heygli, 
That n:ol vhe kyng Flielip nygh, 
That to-brac, y yow telle 
A dragon crep out of the schelle. 
The bryglit sunne so hote hit schon, 
That tlie ay al to-coon. 
The dragon Uy in the strete, 
M^-ghte he nought dure for hete j 

He fondith to creope, as y ow telle, 
Ageyn in to the a^-schelle. 

£. Jluaunder, U. 666—577. 

Jyren they leggith, as a grifFon ; 
Ac they beou moi'e feor aroun. 

/*., I. 6612. 

(2) conj. Yes. 

(3) adv. Always ; ever. 

(4) inter/. Ah! 

Ay ! be-sherewe yow be my fay. 

RiUon*» Ancient Honge, p. 101. 

^Iye,}''(^-^-*^-) ^^*'' 

Of non the had ay to stint ne hold tlinm 
stille. Langtqft's Chron., p. 220. 

Thi men er biseged hard in Dunbar ^vith 
grete aye. lb., p. 275. 

Ayance, prep. Against. 
Ayder, conJ. Either. 
Aye, 1 

AYEN, [adv. (J.'S.) Again ; 

AYENE, fprep. against. 


Ye mote abide and thole me, 
Till eftsone y come aye 

K. Jlisaunder, I. 66. 

Ayel, 8. (A.'N.) A grandfather. 

Tot kyng Cyrus would not, in hys live, 
Suffre hys ayel of very gentilnesse 
That men should fynallie him depryve 
Of kingly honour. Bochaa, u, 60. 

Ayenbib, 1 ^ rj^g. Yo redeem. 

A5ENBIE, J ^ ^ 
Ayenbier, «. (A.'S.) A redeemer. 
Ayenbyte, 8. {A.-S.) Remorse. 

This boc is dan Miclielis of North «::ite, 
y-write an Enplis of his ojene hand, 
tlict liatte ayenbyte of inwryt, and is of 
the bochouse of saynt Austini'S of 
Csiuterberi. MS. Arundel, 57, f. 2. 

Ayenrising, "I ». (A.'S.) Resur- 
A^ENRiSYNG, J rcction. 

AVENSAY, 1 p^„i^, 


Ay^sBYK, 1 „ (^,5) Todeuy. 


Ayenst, prep. Against. 
Ayenstonde, 1 ^ To withstand. 


Ayenwardb, 1 ^„ Back. 





Atere, *. (1) Breed. 

Many fawcouna and faire, 
Hawkis of nobille ayere. 

Syr Degrnante. 

(2) An heir. 

(3) Air; breath. 

(4) V. (A.'N.) To go out on an 
expedition, or any business. 

Tliere awes none alyenes 
To ayere appone nyghttys. 

Morte Arthure. 

Aypet, f). To covet. Rob. Glouc, 
A.YFULL, adj. Awful ; high ; proud. 
Ayohb, ». {A,'S.) Terror ; fear. 

Sum for rrct aygke and dout, 
To other kinges flowen about. 

Arthour and Merlin, p. 18. 

Aygrb, ad;. {A.'N.) Sour. 
Aygreen, 8. The houseleek. 
Aygulet, 9. An aglet. Spenser, 
Ayild, v. To yield. 
Ayl, adv. Always. Skinner, 
Aylastande, adj. Everlasting. 
Aylastandly, adv. Everlastingly. 
Ayle, v. To possess. 

Hir dylede no pryde. 

Sir Perceval, 160. 

Aylis, 8. pi. Sparks from hot iron. 
Aymant, 8. (A.-N.) A diamond. 
Ay-mee. a lamentation ; from 
crying ah wi^, or ay me! 

I can hold off, and by my chymick pow'r 
Draw sonnets from the melting lover's 

Aytnees, and elegies. 

Beaum. ^ Fl., Woman Hater. 
Hero of hie-lioes, admiral of ay-tne*s, 
and Monsieur of mutton lac'd. 

Stywood's Love's Mistress. 

Aymers, 8. pi. (A.'S.) Embers. 

Take cliickes and wry hem in ashes all 
nyjt, other lay hem m hoot aymers. 

Forme of Cnry . 

Aynd, 8. Breath ; life. See Ande. 
Ayn, 8. pi. Eyes. 
Ayoh, arf». Awry ; aslant. Shropsh. 
AroiiTj prep. Beyond. North, 
AY-auERE, adv. Everywhere. 

Ay-quere naylet ful nwe 
For that note ryclied. 

Syr Gawayne, p. 34. 

Ayrb, (1) *. An heir. 

(2) adj. Ready ; yarc. 

li) prep. Ere; before. 

(4) ». Air. 
Ay RELY, adv. Early. 
Ayren, «.j0/. Eggs. %te Ay* 
Ayry, (1) t>. To make an aerie. 

(2) adj. Joyful: in good spiritt. 
Ayschette, ^r«/. /.• Asked. 

Mercy mekel«che of hym he avsehette. 
Chro: Vilodu*., p. 26. 

Ayschis, 8. pi Ashes. 

Ayse, *. (A.-N.) Ease. 

(2) V, To make at ease. 

I made it not for to be praysed, 
Bot at the lewed mene were aysed. 

Wdrton's Hist. Engl. Poet., i, 68. 

Ayselle, 8, Vinegar. See Aisell, 

Ayshwebd, 8. A herb mentioned 
by Minsheu; perhaps the gout- 

Aythir, adj. Either. 

Ayttbnb, adj. Eighteen. 

AYWHERE,ii£fo. Everywhere. 

^i^^,}(l)/'r^. Against. 

(2) adv. Again. 
AzEROLE, 8, {Fr.) A diminutive 

kind of medlar tree. 
A'ZE,T, part, p. Set; planted. Dor* 

AzocK, 8. The mercury of metal, 

an alchemical term. 
AzooN, adv. Anon ; presently. £r- 

AzuRE-BYSE, 8. A colour. 

jif thon wilt prove azure-hyse, whether 
It be good or bade, take a pensel or a 

gciine, and drawe smalle rewles upon 
lewe lettres with that ceruse, ana ^if 
tiii ceruse be no^t clere white bote dede 
fade, then is the blewe no^t fyne. 

MS. Shane, 2584, p. 3. 

AzzARD, 1». A puny child; an 
AzzY, J insignificant fellow. 

AzzARDLYf adj. Poor ; ill thriven. 
AzzLE-TOOTH,*. Agriudcr. Craven, 
AzZLED, adj. Chapped. Leic, A 

person's hands are said to be 





AjsKNis, prep* Against. 

Mikil nunre if he pronounce without 
autorit^ or lif contnuriously a%9H%u the 
Iiordia wille. 

Afologyfor the Lollard*, p. 8. 

ASknword, adv» On the other hand. 

A;£ii, adv. Yearly. 

Heo woi rather bUeve here image, that ^e 
hem bereth a^er. Bob. Gloue., p. lOO. 

aJetnus, prep. Against. 
A^uez, adj. Fearless. 
AJt, 1(1) adj. {J,.S.) Noble; 
AHT, J honourable. 

As he wolde sometymeto Engelond wende, 

Al that a$t was in Engelond lie let somony 

in ech ende. Bob. Glouc., p. 377. 

For other hit is of tnam thinge, 
(Ne mai that thridde no man bringe ;) 
Othar the laverd is wel aht. 
Other a swunde an nis naht 
tef he is wurihAil, an akt man, 
Nele no man that wisdom can 
Hure of it wive do him shame. 
For 5if aht man is hire bedde, 
Thn mi5t wene that tlie mistide, 
Waune thu list hi hire side. 

Hide and the NyghtingtUe, 1. 1467. 

(2)pret.t. Ought. 
(3) adj. Eight. 
kiTEtpret. t. Possessed. 


Ba. (1) adj. (J.'S.) Both. 

(2) V. To kiss. Chaucer, 

(3) «. A kiss. 
{4)8. A ball. 

Baad, (1) V, To bathe. Craven. 

(2) pret, t. Continued. Yorksh. 

(3) «. A disreputable woman. 
Cumb. See Bad (7). 

Baa-lamb, s. A childish term for 

a Iamb. 
Baal-hills, t. Hillocks on the 

moors, on which fires are said 
• to have been formerly lighted. 

Baan, 8. A bone. North, 
Baan-cart, 9. The body. Craven. 
Baant. Am not; are not. Var, 

dial. " I baant agoing." 
.Baab, V, To bear. Maundevile, 

Baard, t. A sort of sea-ressel, or 

transport ship. 
Ba-aroe, s. a fat, heavy person. 


Baas, adj. {A.-N.) Base ; low. 

Wlierfor empostume off blode and ther 
oft engeudred is callvd fflegiuon; em- 
postume sprungen on flewme is cnllyd 
baas, that is to say law, empostumr ; 
of rede, coleryk. MS. 14/A cent. 

Baas dauncee, were dances very 

slow in their movements. 

And then came downe the 1. prince and 
tlie lady Cecill. and daunced two baas 
daunces and departed up aeaine, the 
1. prince to the king and the ladv Cecill 
to the queene. Harl. J/5., No. 69. 

Baaste, {I) v. To sew; to baste. 
(2) 8. Bastardy. Prompt. Parv. 
Baath, adj. Both. North. 
Bab, (1) V. To bob down. North. 

(2) V. To fish, by throwing into 
the water a bait on a line, with 
a small piece of lead to sink it. 

(3) 8. A baby ; a child. 
Babbart, 8. A familiar name for 

a hare. Reliq. Jntig.j i, 133. 
Babble, (1) v. Hounds were said 
to babble^ " if too busie after they 
have found good scenf Gent. 
BeCf p. 78. 

(2) V. To talk boisterously, or 
without measure. 

(3) 8. An idle story. 
Babblement, 1 8. Idle discourse ; 

BABBLiNO, J much spcakiug. 
Babby, ». (1) A baby. 

(2) A sheet or small book of 

prints for children. North. 
Babe, 8. "A child*s maumet.^' 

Gouldman. See Baby. 
Babklary, 8. A foolish tale. Sir 

T. More. 
Babelavante, t. A babbler. 

Cheater Plays^ ii, 34. 
Babble, v. n. To totter; to waver. 

" Babelyn or waveryn : librillo." 

Prompt. Parv, 
Baberlupped, adj. Thick-lipped. 

Pierh PL " Babyrlyppyd : la- 

brosus." Prompt. Parv. 




^'rBBL^KT,}- Childish finery. 

Babburt, s. An architectural or- 

Al was of stone of berile, 
Both the castell and the toure, 
And eke the halle, and every boure. 
Without peeces or joynioj^s, 
But many subtell compassings; 
As babeuries and pinnHcles, 
Imageries and taueniacles. 

ChaueeTf House ofF., iii, 99. 


A baboon. 



Babish, adj. Childish. 
Bablative, adj. Talkative. 


A fool's bauble. 

Mean while, my Mall, think thou it's 

To be my foole, and I to be thy bable. 
Earring. Epig., ii, 96. 

Bables, 8. (Fr.) The glass or 

metal ornaments of the person. 

Their ears are long, made longer by 
ponderous babies they hang there, s<Hne 
using links of brasse, of iron, others 
have jflasse-beads, chains, blew stones, 
ballets, or oyster-shells. 

Herberts Travels, 1638. 

They suppose them most brave, most 
courtly, who can teare or dilacerate 
their eares widest, which they effect by 
many ponderous babUs they hang there. 


Babt, 8. A child*s toy, especially 

a doll. In the North the word 

is still used to signify a child's 


08cilla,pro imagunctilis quce infantibns 
puerisque ad lusum prsebentur. Puppits 
or babies for children to play withal I. 

Nomenclator, 1585. 

Sahies doe children please, and shadowes 

fooles : 
Shewes have deceiv'd the wisest manv a 

time. Griffin's Fidessa, 1596. 

But to raise a dayry 
For other liien's adulteries, consume my- 
self in caudles. 
And scouring work, in nurses, bells, and 

Only for charity. 

Vittiers, The Chances, 1692. 

Baby-elouit, was a name given 

to puppets made of rags. Cot« 
grave translates muguet, " a cu- 
riously dressed babie of clowts.** 
Babie8-h€ad8. A kind of toys for 
children are called babies'-heads 
in the Book of Rates, 1675. 
To look babies in the eyes, is a 
phrase common among our old 
poets to characterise the amor- 
ous gazing of lovers upon each 
other. In addition to many ex- 
amples which have been quoted, 
we may add the following : 

She clung about his neck, gave him ten 

Toy'd with his locks, look'd iaMes in his 

eyes. Heywood's Love's MistresSt p. 8. 

Look babies in your eyes, my pretty sweet 

There's a fine sport. 

The Loyal Subject, ii, 4. 

We will ^ to the dawnes, and slubber 
up a silhbub, and I will look beUnes m 
your eyes. 

FhilocUs and Doriclea, 1640. 

Clev. How like you one anothers faces 

Pass. Hast ne're a baby in thy eye ex- 
traordinary, Maldriu ? or do'st see one 
in mine ? 

Howard, Man of Newmarket, 1678. 

Babyshed, part, p. Deceived 
with childish tales. 

Baccare. An exclamation, sup- 
posed to be a corruption of back 
there J and found not unfre- 
quently in our early dramatists. 

Baccatbd, adj. {Lot. baccatus^.) 
Garnished with pearls. 

Bacchar,«. The herb ladies' glove. 

Bacchbs, 9. Bitches; or, perhaps, 
a mere clerical error for raeehes* 

The bacches that hym scholde know«. 
For sone mosten heo blowe pris. 

Jpp. to Waiter Mapes, p 345. 

Bacchus-feast, «. A rural festi- 
val ; an ale. 

Baccifbrous, adj. {Lat.) That 
bears berries. 

Baccivorous, adj, (Lai,) That 
eats berries. 

Back, (1) ». (J.'N.) A kind of 

f . 




fish, supposed to be the basse, 
or sea-perch. 

(2) An incorrect orthography of 

(3) V. To heat. Devon. 

Back ch a umber, s. A room on 
the lower floor. ** Bace cham- 
byr : Bassaria, vel camera bassa- 
ria, sive camera bassa." Prompt, 

Bacheler, «. {A»-N.) A young 
man who has not yet arrived at 

Bachelerte, 8. {A.'N,) (1) The 
condition or grade previous and 
introductory to knighthood; and, 
generally, that period in the life 
of a young man before he has 
entered on a determinate footing 
in the world. There were knights 
bachelors, or young knights. 

(2) The qualification of this age, 
courage and strength. 

(3) A party of bachelors. 
Bachelor's BUTTONS, 1 ». The 

brasseltt buttons,/ campion 

flower. It was an ancient custom 

amongst country fellows to carry 

the flowers of this plant in their 

pockets, to know whether they 

should succeed with their sweet- 

hearts. Hence arose the phrase, 

"to wear bachelor's buttons," 

for being unmarried. In some 

parts, still, the flower-heads of 

the common burdock, and the 

wild scabious, are thus named. 

Gerarde mentions two or three 

plants, of which this was the 

trivial name. 

He wears bachelors btittoru, does lie not ? 
Hejfw., Fair Maid oj the West. 

Bacinb, 8, A bason. 

Back, s. (1) A bat. 

(2) In mining, the back of a 
lode is the part of it nearest the 
surface ; and the back of a level 
is that part of the lode extending 
above it to within a short dis- 
tance of the level above. 

(3) ^ back and breast, a cuirass. 

(4) V. To mount on the back. 

(5) V. To endorse ; as, to back a 

Back-along, adv. Backward. 

Back and edge. Gompletely, en- 
tirely. In Yorkshire they say, 
*' I can make back nor edge of 
him;" I can make nothing of him. 

Backarack. See Backrag. 

Backards-wat, adv. Backwards. 

Backas, 8. The back-house, or 
wash-house; sometimes the bake- 

Back-band, s. That part of the 
harness which, going over the 
back of the horse that draws, 
keeps up the shafts of the cart 
or carriage. 

Backbar,^. The bar in a chimney 
by which any vessel is suspended 
over the fire. 

Backberand, 8, The bearing of 
any stolen goods, especially deer, 
on the back, or open indisputable 
theft. A law iterm. 

Back-board, s. More commonly 
called back'breyd. The baking- 
boards or baker' s-board, is a thin 
board about 18 or 20 inches wide 
each way, but the corners and 
end held next to the body of the 
baker rounded ofl^ a little. It is 
cut cross-wise with shallow kerfs 
of a handsaw, about an inch 
asunder, over the face of it in 
form of net-work. When used, 
some dry oatmeiil is spread upon 
it, and a small wooden ladle full 
of the oaimeal dough [which by 
being elted is previously made 
to about the -consistency of thick 
cream] is poured in a heap upon 
it. The baker then, by a pecu- 
liar kind of circular motion of 
the board, slightly elevating and 
depressing the sides alternately 

Bag 1 

during tbe working of it, con- 
trivei to BpiMd out the dough 
into 1 broad tjiin cake, rarely 
more but often leu than one 
eighth of an inch in thickneis. 
The <;ake is then elid oil the 
iaci-trtytl upon another thin 
board of leaier dinienBiona nith 
• short handle on called the 
baking-tpilllt, and by a peculiar 
cast of the baker ii ipiead out 
■till thinner upon the hot hake- 
atone, where in a few minulea' 
time, being turned OTcr once or 
twice in the Interral, it it tho- 
roughly baked. Servant) used 
to be required to know bow xa 
bake oatmeal, but this custom is 
rapidly becoming obsolete. 

Backbhon, t. A lar^ l<^of wood 
put at the back of the fire. Dortet. 

Back BY, life. Behind i a little way 
oif. North. 

Backcabht. V, To cirry on the 
the back. 

Back-cast, «. The failure in au 
elfort ; a relapie. Narlh. 

Bace-caotkh, t. " Caaitre dor- 
tal, the hacke-cauter, >ome»liat 
like a knife, or having ■ back 
like a knife, and aeacing onely 
on the other aide." Cotgrmt. 

Backeh, e. To returd. 

Back-end, a. The latter end; 
autumn. Yorith. Sometimes, 
the latter end of the year. 

Baceehiho, «. Relapse ; hin- 
drance. Yortth. 

Backer, <n^'. Further back. Wrtl. 

Backexd, atbi. Backward, far. 


r, a^. Lale, applied to 

Baceerts, adv. Backwards. 
Baceerter, \adj. More back- 

Back-fribnd, *. (1) A secret 

(2) A term for kn angnail. 


BACE-o'-nrroND, adv. Of an un 
known distance. Norn. 

Bace-oitt, I. A back-yard. Ktrtt. 

Back-piece, i. The piece of ar- 
mour coTering the back. 

Backrao, I t. A kind of wine, 
f, L made at Bacharach 

1 in Ger 

relish to my baeJcrag. 

Old PI., ii, !BS, 

Baceset. t. " To make a teffiHf, 
to make a atand to receive ■ 
chased deer, and to cast fresh 
hounds upon him at the latter 
end of the course." Holme. 

Bacesevobe, din. The hind part 
before. Drton. 

Backside, *. The hind part of 
anything, generally. But thia 

' word was used in several par. 
ticular senses, of which the fol- 
lowing are chiefly to be noticed : 
(1) The yard behind a houia. 
KichDlu Ward, nnforliuuitcly ■moor'd 

hit (allien jMinSflOfeV mil"* 

Pari.* Jffffiito, Sarll^ord. (C*™.. ttirai.) 

No iniil:eeHr, alehouse keefier. rlcCaaL- 

|»rioB or penont is liis InuK or («(- 
liJa u «t, dnnk, rn- plei at cardi. 

Criidati Bnnaiiu, p. IS8. 

Onelv liHTe met: I liave a certains 
parlour in the btctiiii. in the rDrlher- 

1 lied nuTiei and coieted -itii clotUn. 
r^nn ■■ B^Iui, 1041. 
The iaciiiili of the kitchen. 

Duifcf, Fofut Bti^nd, 1B8S. 
(3) A farm-yard. Hampih. 
{*) A man's posteriors. In the 
following passage it is applied to 
the ant, because the latier, as in 
a fable, is spoken of u a fauniau 

wards, and liei hacktids upvarili. 




(5) The side of a letter on which 
tlie address was written. 

Come, wrap it (the letter) up now, 
whilst I go fetch wax and a candle ; 
and write on the backtid«, *'for Mr. 

Wyekerley, Country Wife, 1688. 

Backstaff, 9, An instrument 
used for taking the sun's alti- 
tude at sea ; so named because 
th^ back of the observer was 
turned towards the sun when 
using it. 

Backstand, 9. Resistance. 

Backster, «. A baker. North, 

Backsters, 8, Wide flat pieces 
of board strapped on the feet, to 
walk over loose beach on the sea 
coast. South. 

Back-stock, «. A log of wood. 

Backstonb, 8. An iron for baking 
cakes, generally hung over the 
fire. A person is said to go 
*Mike a cat upon a hot back- 
stone," when treading cau- 
tiously and with apparent fear 
and uneasiness. 

Backstrikino, 9. A mode of 
ploughing, in which the earth, 
after being turned, is turned 
back again. Suffolk. 

Backsunded, e^j. Shady. Dorset. 

Back-swanked, adj. Lean in the 
flank, applied to a horse. 

Backsword, 8. The game of 
single-stick. Wilts. 

Backward, v. To keep back ; to 

Backward, s. (1) The state of 
things past. Shakesp. 
(2) A Jakes. 

Backword, s. An answer to put 
off an engagement. North. 

Back-worm, s. A disease in 
hawks ; also called the filander. 

Backwort, s. The name of a 
herb, apparently the same as the 

Backwound, v. To wound se- 
cretly, or from behind. 

Bacon, s. A clown. Shakesp. 
Bacon-bee, s, A small insect of 

the beetle kind, which blows 

bacon. Leieest. 
Bactile. (Lat.) A candlestick. 
Baculometry, 9. (Za/.) The art of 

measuring altitudes or distances 

by means of a staff. 
Bxcvvt part. p. Baked. 
Bactn, 8. A light kind of helmet 

More correctly, basyn. 

Some he hytte on the baeyn^ 
That he cleff hym to the chyn. 

K. Richard,!. 2BB7. 

Bad, (l) adj. Sick; ill. 

(2) adj. Poor. Var. dial. 

(3) Offered; invited. 

(4) pret. t. of bidde. Asked; 

(5) V. To shell walnuts. West. 

(6) 8. A rural game, played with 
a bad-stick, formerly used in 

(7) 8. A bad person or thing. 

That of two badds for betters chovse he 
backe agnyne did ^oe. 

Warner's Albion's England, 1592. 

Baddelichb, adv. Badly. Eob. 

Badobr, adj. Comp. of bad. Worse. 


S*'"'' ].(1),. Delay. 
baode, J ^ -^ ' 

(2) pret. t. of bide. Abode; 

(3) pret. t. of bidde. Prayed. 

(4) Commanded. Chaucer. 

(5) 8. {A.'S.) A pledge ; a surety. 

(6) V. To bathe. Warw. 
Badeltnge, 8. A flock or com- 
pany of ducks. 

Badge, v. To cut and tie up beans 
in shocks or sheaves. Leieest. 

Badger, (1) t. A pedlar ; a corn- 
factor ; a person who buys eggs, 
butter, Sec, at the farm-houses, 
to sell again at market. 

(2) V. To beat down in a bar- 

(3) V, To tease ; to annoy. 




Badoer-the-bear, 8. A game, in 
which the boy who personates 
the bear places himself upon his 
hands and knees, and another 
boy, as his keeper, defends him 
from the attacks of the others. 

Badget, «. (1) A badger. East, 
(2) A cart-horse. 

Badling, 8, A worthless person. 

Badlt, adj. III ; sickly. 

Bads, 8. The husks of walnuts. 

Bael, *. {A.'S.) Sorrow; bale. 

Baelys, 8. B^ds. Tundale, 

Baffe, v. To yell as hounds. 

Baffen as houndes : Baulo, baffo, latro. 

Baffyn as houndes after their pray : 


Baffinge or bawlinge of houndes : Bau- 

latus, vel baffatus. Prompt. Pan. 

Baffers, 8. Barkers ; yellers. 

Baffet, v. To baffle. 

Baffle, 1 ». (Fr.) To treat with 

BAFFUL, J indignity ; to expose. 

Properly speaking, to baffie or 

boj^ul a person was to reverse a 

picture of him in an ignominious 


Bafulling is a ^eat disorace among the 
Scots, and it is used when a man is 
openly peijured, and then they make 
an image of him painted, reversed, with 
his heels upwards, witli his name, 
woondering, crying, and blowing out of 
him with horns. Holituked. 

And after all, for greater infamie. 
He by the heels him hung upon a tree. 
And haffuVd so, that all which passed by 
The picture of his punishment might see. 
Spenser, F. Q., B. VI, vii, 27. 

I am disgrac'd, impeach'd, and baffled here, 

Pierc'd to the soul with slander's venom'd 

spear. K. Richard II, i, 1. 

(2) V. To cheat, or make a fool 
of; to manage capriciously or 
wantonly; to twist irregularly 
together. East, 

(3) In Suffolk they term baffled, 
corn which is knocked down by 
the wind. 

(4) V. To twist or entangle. 

Baffling, $. Opprobrium ; affront. 
Baft, adv. Abaft. Chaucer, 
Baftys, adv. {A^.S.) Afterwards. 

Cov, Myst. 
Bag, (1) «. The udder of a cow. 

Var, dial. 

(2) V. To cut peas with an in- 
strument like the common reap- 
ing-hook. West, 

(3) v. To cut wheat stubble, 
generally with an old scythe. 

(4) 8. The stomach. Hence eat- 
ing is called familiarly bagging. 
(5)». To move; to shake; to jog. 

(6) V, To breed, to become preg- 

Well, Yenxis shortly bagrfed, and ere long 
was Cupid bred. Alb. Engl., vi, p. 148. 

(7) 8. In some dialects, turf. 
The upper sod cut into squares 
and dried for fuel. 

(8) 9. A name for the long-tailed 
titmouse. Northampt. 

(9) Among the popular phrases 
in which this word enters, are to 
get the bag, or be dismissed ; to 
give the bag, or leave. The lat- 
ter phrase is also used in the 
sense of, to deceive. 

You shall have those curses which be- 
longs unto your craft; you shall be 
light-footed to travel farre, light witted 
upon every small occasion to give your 
masters the bag. Greenes Qutp. ^c. 

Bag and bottle, a schoolboy's 

An ill contriving rascal, that in his 
younger years sliouid choose to lug the 
baa and Ike bottle a mile or two to 
schoui ; Hiid to bring home only a small 
bit of Greek or Latin most niugisterialiy 
construed. Eachard's Observations, 

8vo, 1671, p. 31. 

Bag and baggagCf everything a 
person possesses. 

And counsel'd you forthwith to pack 
To Grscia, bag and baggage, back. 

Homer J-la-Mode, p. 79. 

Bag-of-moonshine, an iIlii<>ory de- 
ception ; a foolish tale. 




Baoatinb, 8, An Italian coin, 
worth about the third of a far- 

Baoayel, *. (J,-S, 7) A tribute 
granted to tlie citizens of Exeter 
by a charter from Edward the 
First, empowering them to levy 
a duty upon all wares brought to 
that city for the purpose of sale, 
the produce of which was to be 
employed in paving the streets, 
repairing the walls, and the ge- 
neral maintenance of the town. 
Jacobs^ Law Dictionary. 

Bags, "1 *. A badge. Prompt. 
BA66E, J Parv. 

Bageard, 8. A badger. 

Bagelle,«. (^.-iV.) Rings ; jewels. 

Baoet, 8. A sort of tulip. 

Bag-fox, 8. A fox that has been 
unearthed, and kept a time for 
sport. Blome. 

Baggabone, «. A vagabond. 

Baggage, «. (perhaps from Fr. ba- 
ga88e.) A worthless or pert 

Baggaged, "Xpart. p. Bewitched ; 
BYGAGED, j mad. Exmoor, 

Baggagbly, a4;. Worthless. Tu88. 

Bagge, V. To swell with arrogance. 
Chaucer. Tyrwhitt conjectures 
that it means to squint. 

Baggbrmbnt, 8. A corn-field full 
of weeds and rubbish is said to 
be full of baggerment. It may be 
questioned whether this is genu- 
ine Lincolnshire, and it has been 
suspected that it has been intro- 
duced by some sailors ; the only 
"Word like it being Bogamante, 
a common lobster, and such a 
word it is possible may have 
been corrupted and used meta- 
phorically for rubbish, or that 
which is good for nothing. 

Baggie, «. The belly. iVbrMttwJ. 

Bag GIN, 8. Food. Cumb. Baggin- 
timet or bagging-timef baiting- 
time. Lane* 

Here ample rowi of tents are ttretcli'd, 
The gurse green common bige'd on i 

And baggin reddy cuck'd is fetcii'd 
Frae Peerith, Carle, nn Wigtou. 

Stagg's Cumberlattd Poems. 

Bagging, ». (1) The act of cut- 
ting up the haum or wheat stub- 
ble for the purpose of thatching 
or burning. Oxfordsh. 
(2) Becoming pregnant. 
Bagging-bill, If. A curved 
bagging-hook, J ironinstrument 
for agricultural purposes. 
Baggingly, adv. Squintingly. 
Bag-harvest, «. A harvest in 
which the men provide their own 
victuals, which is commonly car- 
ried by them in bags for their 
daily support. Norf. 
Baghel, 8. Jewellery. See Ba- 

In toun herd I telle, 
The haghel and the belle 
Beu filched and fled. 

Political SongSf p. 807. 

Baginet, 8. A bayonet. 

Bagle, 8. An impudent and dis- 
reputable woman. Shakesp. 

Bagpipes, 8. A popular name for 
a flail. Norihampt. 

Bag-pudding, 8. A rustic dish, of 

which we have no very clear 

description, but it was probably 

like our rolly-polly puddings. 

A big bag-j^udding then I must commend, 
I'or he is tull, and holds out to the end ; 
Sildome with men is found so sound a 
friend. Davies, Scourge of Folly, 1611 . 

True love is not like to a bag-puddbifj ; 
a bag-pudding hath two ends, but true 
love hath never an end. 

Poor JRobin, 1757. 

Bagwaletour, 8. A carrier of 

Bagy, *. A badge. Bemer8. 

Bahij, part. 8. Going. York8h. 

Baibery, 8. A bay-berry. Mr. 

Dyce suspects an error here for 

bribery. But see Bay berry. 

I wept and sighed, and thunippd and 
thumped, and raved and randed and 
railed, and told him how my uife wn 
now grown as common as haiheri/. 

Northward Hue, 1607- 




Baich, 8, A Blip of land. 

A batch or languet of Innd. 

Bay's Travels, ^.2S0. 

Baics, 8. Chidings ; reproofs. 

If lazar so loathsome iu cheese be espied. 
Let baics ameud Cisly, or shift her aside. 

Tusser's Hushandry. 

Baionb, v. {Fr,) To dip in liquid; 
to drench ; to soak. 

Bail, (1)». {A.-S.) A beacon; a 
bonfire. North, 

(2) The handle of a pail, or the 
bow of a scythe. Suff, 

Baile, 8. A wooden canopy, formed 
of bows. 

Bailes, 8. pi. (A,'SJ) Blazes; 
flames. Stajfordsh. 

Bailey, *. (A.-N.) Each of the 
enclosures round the keep of a 
castle, so named because its de- 
fence was intrusted, or bailie, to 
a portion of the garrison, inde- 
pendent of the others. 

Four toures ay hit has, and kernels fair, 
Tlire baiUiees al aboute, that may no5t 

Nouther hert may wele thinke ne tang may 

wel telle 
Al the bounty and the bewt^ of this ilk 

Seven barbicans are sette so aekirly abonte, 
That no maner of shotine may greve fro 

withoute. The Castle of Love. 

Bailiwick, 8. Stewardship. 

Baillib, 8. {A.'N.) Custody ; go- 

Bails, 8, Hoops to bear up the 
tilt of a boat. 

Baily, *. (yf.-iV.) A bailiff; a 
steward ; a sheriff's officer. 

An honeste hasbande man, that 
chaunsed to fyiide the savde bodget, 
brought it to the baily of Ware, ac- 
cordvnge to the crye, and required his 
XX. li. for his labour, as it was pro- 
claymed. Tales and Quicke Answers. 

Bain, adj. (1) Near ; ready, easy. 

(2) Pliant, limber. Ea8t, 

(3) Obedient, willing. 

Water thai asked swithe, 
Cloth and bord wus drain : 

With mete and drink lithe, 
And seqauuce that were bayn. 

To serve Tristrem swithe. 
And sir Rohaut ful fayn. 

Sir Tristrem, i, 65. 

I saw this wild beste was ful bayu 
For my luf himselfe have slayne. 

Tuoaine and Gatnn, 1. 2097. 

Baine, (1) 8. {Fr,) A bath. 

As the noble emperour Augustus on a 
time cam in to a bayne, he behelde an 
olde man that hadue done good service 
in the warres, frotte himselfe agaynste 
a marble pyller for lacke of one to 
helpe to wasshe him. 

Tales and Quiche Answers. 

Balneator, Cic. fiaySvev^. Maistrc des 
bains ou estuves. The maister of the 
baines, staves, or hothouse. 

NometicUUor, 1585. 

(2) V, To bathe. 

To baine themselves in my distilling blood. 
F. Lodge, Wounds of Civil War. 

Bained, adj. (A.'S.) Fated. Used 
in Somersetshire by farmers when 
the sheep are affected with liver 
complaints, from which they 
hardly ever recover. 

Bainer. Nearer. North, 

Baines, 8. pi. Bans, particularly 
applied to the announcement or 
introduction to a play or mystery, 
as in the Chester Plays. "To 
the players of Grimsby when 
they spake thair bayn of thair 
play." Lincolnsh. Record8. 

Bainge, v. To bask in the sun ; 
to sweat as in a bath. Glouc. 

BAiKE,a^'. Fit ; convenient. Dur, 

Bairn, s. (A.-S.) A child. North. 

Bairnelie, adj. Childish. North. 

Bairn -TEAM, s. (A.-S.) A progeny 
of children. 

Bairnwort,*. The daisy. Yorksh. 

Baisemains,«. {Fr.) Salutations; 
compliments. Spenser. 

Baiske, adj. (A.-S.) Sour. 

Bath hew doune and caste in the fire, 
I- or the froite of itt is soure, 
And baiske and hitterc of odoure. 
MS. Coll., Faust., B. vi, f. 123 \\ 




Baist, V, To beat. North, See 

Baistx» adj. Abashed. 

Bees nogbte hmste of 50116 boyeSj 
He ot thaire bryghte wedis. 

Morte Arthure. 

Bait, {A.-S.) (1) #. A luncheon. 

(2) V. To refresh; to stop to 

(3) *. Food; pasture. North, 

(4) V, To flutter. A hawking 

(5) V, To teaze, or worry. 

Bait AND, ;?«r/. In great haste. 

Baitel, r. To thrash. North, 

Baith, adj. Both. North. 

Bait-poke, *. A bag for provi- 
sions. North, 

Baj ARDOUR, 8. {A.-N.) A Carter ; 
the bearer of any weight or bur- 
den. Kersey, 

Bak, 8. A bat. See Back, 

Baked, part, p, Incrusted. Var, 

Bak'd-meat, 8, A meat pie, or 
perhaps any other pie ; pastry. 

Baken, jpar/. jt?. Baked. 

Bakerleggbd, adj, A person 
whose legs bend outwards. 

Baker-kneb'd, adj. One whose 
knees knock together in walking, 
as if kneading dough. Baker- 
feet, twisted feet. 

Baker's- dozen, 8, Thirteen. A 
baker's dozen^ was formerly called 
the deviVs dozens and it was the 
number who sat down at a table 
in the pretended sabbaths of the 
witches. Hence arose the idea 
of ill-luck which is still popularly 
connected with it. 

I^ais, Minthe, Metra, Phrine, Messalina, 
Abroionion, Leuaea, Affranea, Laurentia, 
Citheris, Cliione, and lascivious Licaste, 
Make a baker's doun with Astinasse. 

Davies, Scourge 0/ lolly, 1611. 

The refuse of tliat chaos ot tlie earth, 
Atile to give the world a second birth, 
Affrick, avauntl Thy trifling monsters 

But sUeeps-eyed to this penal ignorance. 

Tliat all the prodigies brought forth l»cfore 
Are but dame Nature's blusU left on tlie 

This strings the baker's dozen, christens all 
The cross-leg'd hours of time since Adanrs 

fall. Bump SoHys. 

Bakestbr, 8. A female baker. 

Bakhalfe, 8, The hinder part. 
Barhouse, 8, A bakehouse. North. 
Bakin, 8, The quantity of bread 

baked at one time. Yorksh, 
Baking-draught, 8, Part of the 

hinder quarter of an ox. 

Bakke, 8. A cheek. 

Than brayde he brayn wod. 
And alle his bakkea rente, 
His berde and his brijt fax 
For bale he totwitt. 

William /• the Werto., p. 76. 

Bakpaner, 8, A kind of basket ; 

apparently a pannier carried on 

the back. 

Other habyllementes of werre: First 
xii. c paveyses: cc. fyre pannes and 
XXV. other fyre pannes .... Item vc. 
bakpaners al garnished, cc. lanternes. 
Caxlon's Vegeeius, sig. I v, b. 

Bakstale, adv. Backwards. 
Prompt, P, 

Bal, (1 ) ». (A.'S.) A flame. 
The following lines occur in an 
early poem which contains a 
description of the fifteen signs 
that are to precede the destruc- 
tion of the earth, and the day of 

Than sal the raynbow decend. 
In hew of gall it sal be kend ; 
And wit the Mindes it sal mel, 
Drit thaim doun into the hell. 
And dunt the develes theder in 
In thair bal al for to brin ; 
And sal aim bidd to hald thaim thar, 
Abon erthe to com no mar. 
The term is comen hat' ye sal, 
Tlie incora to be in your bal. 
Than sal tai bi^in to cri and calle, 
Laverd fader ! God of alle ! 

Cursor Mundi : MS.Edirib., f. 7 v*> 

(2) 8, A mine. West. 
Balaam. This is the cant term in 
a newspaper office for asinine 
paragraphs about monstrous pro- 
ductions of nature and the like. 

BAL ] 

krpt Btuding in type to be used 
whenever the news of llie dty 
leave an Rwkward a[iace that muil 
be filled up aomehovr. See Lock- 
hart's Lift (jf Scolt. Ti, 294. 

Balade-boval, I. A poem writ- 
tea in stanzas of eight lines. 

Balance, (I) «. BnUaoet. S/iaiftp. 
(2) Doubt; uncertainly. "To 
la; in balance," to vitgei.Ckinicer. 
In old Frencli we haie, ettrt en 
babmet, to duuht. 

Balahcbbs, I, Makera of ba- 

Balabb, v. To balance. Barel. 

" Balatien, laburro." 
Balastke, I. A ccots-bow. 
Balatb, n, (lal.) To bteatj to 

bellow. Salnp. 
Balatn, f. Whalebone? 

Tlicr nnionK was aer Suiiiljn, 
Anil his ncvewe MyrajnMomBlm. 
Her liHner wUjl. witlioutco fal.Je, 

Tint va KliaMU nol'fe and laige, ' 
Of ialtyn, botli acliecld and Mgr, 

Balatb, I. {A..N.) Akindofrubjr. 
Balbdcinatk, e. {lot.) To f- - 


(2) I. Stout cord, uwd for the 

head lines of lishing-netB. Corme. 
Balche, v. To belch. Huloel. 
Balcheks,*. Verv joung salmons. 
Balchino, a. An unfledged bird. 

Tar. dial. Frequeully used wiili 

the preGi blind. IVane. 
Balcoon, 1», (TV. iaiam.) A 
a, J balcony. Houieil. 

ill the linden, SaicoMj! aud 



thus, Hulofl. 
Jaldchick, I. A mIIow on- 
fledged bird. Leic. Synonymout 
vlth BalcAin, which aee. 
Ialdcoot, I. The water-hen. 

(ald», p. {A.-S.) To encourage. 
\ade. Boldly. 
(. Gentian. iVon/if. 
To apeak coanely. 

Balderdash. (I) a. Hodge-podge; 
a misture of rubliisb ) fillb; ititliy 
language; bad liquor. It is 
found in the latter sense in the 

(2) P. To mil or adulterate 

Baldfacbd, adj. White-faced. 

Bald-ictk, (. A hmzard. 
Baldock, t. A kind of tool. 
Baldoue, iH(('. Bolder. Ao*. G/ouc. 
Baldhib, t. A portion cut lower 
- down than the spare-rlb, and 

devoid of fat. 

I. (A.-N.) A belt, 
girdle, or saah ; 
sometimes a aword- 
belt. In some in- 

but It was more usualiy piBseil 
round one side of the neck, and 
under the opposite arm. 
(2) Some subsidiary part of a 
church bell, perhaps resemblinga 
belt. though itisnotcertainwhal 
it was. It is often mentioned in 
old churchwarden's accounts un- 
der such forms as baadrsk, iavt. 
dryd, bmedrick, iiawdriiie, taU 




drege, bowdregj bawdryg, Bailey 
(Diet.) says it meant a belt, strap, 
thong, or cord, fastened by a 
buckle, with which the clapper of 
a beins suspended. The buckle 
is mentioned in some accounts. 
In the vestry-books of St. Peter's, 
Ruthin, Denbighshire, there are 
entries in 1683, and many sub- 
sequent years, in the church, 
warden's account, of wooden hal- 
drocJkSi from time to time sup- 
plied new to the parish. 

Also hyt ys agreed the same tyme, the 
darke have all the vauntase of the 4 
belles, and he to fynde both bawdry ekes 
and ropes for the 4 seyd belles. 
Strutt's Horda AngeUCynnan, iii, 172. 

(3) A kind of cake, made pro- 
bably in the shape of a belt. 

Balductum, 8, A term, apparently 
burlesque, applied by writers of 
the 16th cent, to affected ex- 
pressions in writing. 

Baldwein, 8. The plant gentian. 

Balk, (1) 8. {A.-S, beal^ Mis- 
chief; sorrow. 

Therwhile, sire, that I tolde this tale, 
Thi sone mighte tholie dethes baUi 
Thanne were mi tale forlore I 
Ac, of-sende thi sone therf ore, 
And yif him respit of his hale. 

Sevyn Sages, Weber, 1. 701. 

Let now your bliss be turned into bale. 
Spens., DapknaidOf 320. 

(2) f. Destruction. 

(3) 8, {A.-S. baleta,) Evil. 

Mygraunserwith greme gird pjera]unto, 
Ana sloghe all our sitesyiis and our sad 

Brittoued to hale dethe and there blode 

shed. Deetruction of Troy, f. 36 v°. MS. 

(4) {A,'S, btelig.) The belly. 

Pronounced bait. In a curious 

description of cutting up the deer 

after a chase, are the following 

lines : 

Sythen rytte thay the foure lymmes. 
And rent of the nyde ; 
Then brek thay the balS, 
The balet ont token. 

Qawayn ^ the Or. Kn., 1. 4507. 

(5) *. {A,'S,) The scrotum. 

(6) 8, Basil wood. Skinner, 

(7) Ten reams of paper. Kennett. 
(S) 8, A bale qf dice. A pair of 

For exercise of arms, a bale of dice. 

Or two or three packs of cards to shew the 

And uimbleness of hand. 

B. Jon., New Inn, i, 3. 

A pox npon these dice, give's a fresh bale. 
Green's Tu Quoque. O. PI., vii, 50. 

(9) V, (Fr. bailler.) To empty 
water out with buckets or otiier 
small vessels. 

(10) «. The bowed handle of a 
bucket or kettle. 

(11) A bar or rail to separate 
horses in a stable. 

Baleful, adj. Evil ; baneful. 
Bale-hills, ». Hillocks upon the 

moors upon which have formerly 

been tliose fires called bale-fires. 

See Baal-hills. 
Baleis, 8. {A.-N.) A large rod. 
Baleise, v. To beat with a rod ; to 

scourge. Piers PL Still in use in 

Balena, s. {Lai.) A whale. 

ITie hnge leviathan is but a shrimpe 
Compar'd with our balena on the land. 
Tragedy of Hoffman, 1681. 

Balew, s. {A.-S. balew.) Evil. 
Baleyne, *. {Fr.) Whalebone. 

Bales, s. Bowels. 
Balhew, adj. Plain; smooth. 

Prompt. P. 
Bali AGE, 8. The office of a bailiff. 
Balin, 8. The name of a plant. 

Nor wonder if such force in hearbs re- 

What cannot juice of devine simples bruisd? 
The dragon finding his young serpent 

Having th'herbe balin in his wounds 

Restores his life and makes him whole 

again e. 
Who taught the heart how dettany is used 

Who being pierced through the bones 
and marrow, 

Can Mith that hearbe expell th'offensivo 
arrow. Great Britaines Troye, 160\) 




Balist, 8, {A,'N.) An engine for 
projecting stones in besieging a 

Balistar, 8, A crossbow-man. 

Balk, 8. (A.-S. bale.) (1) A ridge 
of greensward left i)y the plough 
in ploughing. " A balke or bauke 
of earth raysed or standing up 
betweene twoo furrowes." jBa- 
ret*8 Alvearie. 

(2) A beam in a cottage. A 

pair of couples or strong supports 

is placed between each pair of 

gables, and the baUk is the strong 

beam, running horizontally, that 

unites those below. The balk 

was used to hang various articles 

on, such as flitches of bacon, &c. 

Balk ende whych appearetli under the 
eaves of a hoiue, procer. Huhet. 

(3) V, To heap up in a ridge or 

(4) " Balk the way," get out of 
the way. 

(5) 8. A contriTance in the 
dairy districts of Suffolk, into 
which the cow's head is put while 
she is milked, is called a balk or 

(6) BalkSt straight young trees 
after they are felled. Var, dial, 

(7) " To be thrown ourt' balk," 
to be published in the church. 
"To hing ourt' balk" marriage 
deferred after publication. Yorksh, 

(8) A division of lands in an open 

(9) To balk a hare, to pass one 
on her form or seat without 
seeing her. Notf. 

Learn'd and jndiciont Lord, if I should 

Thyne honor'd name, it being in my way, 
My muse unworthy were of such a waike, 
"Wliere honor's branches make it ever Mav. 
DavieSf Scourge of Folly, 16ll. 

Balke. (1) To leave a balk in 

But so wel halte no man the plogh. 
That he ne halketh otherwile. 

Oower, 3IS. Soe. Antiq. 

(2) (^.-5.) To belch. 

Balkyng, sum is smoki and hoot, and 
sum is sour ; the firste cometh of heate 
and of bote humours that ben in the 
itomak, the serounde is o4coold hu- 
mours either of feble heate of the stomak. 
Medical MS. of the Vatk eaU. 

(3) To be angry. Reyn. the Foxe. 
Balker, 8. (1) A little piece of 

wood by which the mowers smooth 
the edges of their scythes after 
the whetstone has been used. It 
is commonly fastened to the end 
of the sneyde by a pin. Devon, 
(2) A great beam. Eaet. 

B ALKER8, «. Persons who stand on 
elevations near the sea-coast, at 
the season of herring fishing, to 
make signs to the fishermen 
which way the shoals pass. 

Balking, 8, A ridge of earth. 

Balk-ploughing, 8. A mode of 
ploughing, in which ridges are 
left at intervals. Ea8t, 

Balks, 8, The hay-loft. Cheek. 
Sometimes, the hen-roost. 

Balk-staff, f. A quarter-staff. 

Ball, (I) adj. Bald. Somereet. 

(2) 8. The pupil of the eye. 
*'Ballt or apple of the eye." 
Huloet, 1552. 

(3) 8. Cry ; lamentation. 

Sou after, wen he was halle, 
Then began lo slak hyr balle. 

Guy of Warmck, Middlekm MS. 

(4) 8, The palm of the hand* 

(5) 8. The round part at the bot- 
tom of a horse's foot. See FhriOt 
in V. CdUo, 

(6) 8. The body of a tree. Ltme, 

(7) V. To cohere, as snow to the 
feet. Northampt, 

(8) V. To beat a person with a 
stout stick, or with the hand. 

Ball ACE, v, (supposed to be firom 
A.-S. behUBstaUf to load a ship.) 
To stuff. 





With some gall'd trunk, hallae'd with straw 

and stone. 
Left for the pawn of hisprorision. 

Bp. HaU*s Satires, iv, 6. 

Ballad, v. To sing or compose 

Balladxb, f. A maker of ballads. 
Balladin, 8, (Fr.) A kind of 

Balladry, t. The subject or style 

of ballads. 
Ballance, 8. {A,-N.) This word 

was formerly regarded as a 


A pair of ballanee. 

BarcHejf's Summum Bonum, p. 431 . 

Are there balance here, to weigh 

The flesh? M. of ' eniee, iv, 1. 

Ballant, 8, A ballad. North. 
Ballard, 8. A castrated ram. 

Ballart, 8. A name for the hare. 

Beliq. Antig., 1, 133. 
Ballast, s, A ruby. See Balays. 
Ballat, «. A ballad. North. 
Ballatron, 8. (Lat. baUatro.) A 

rascal ; a thief. Minaheu. 
Ballatrouoh,*. Afoolish prating 

fellow. Dev. 
Ballatrt, 8, (Ital) A song, or 

jig. Milton. 
Balls, (I) «• The head. Chaucer. 

(2) V. To howl. " I balle as a 

curre dogge dothe, je hurle." 

Balled, adj. Bald. 
Balleonesse, 8. Baldness. 
Ballenoer, 1 «.( A.-N.) A small 
ballinger, j saiUng vessel used 

in ancient times. 
Ballbrao, 1 V. To banter ; to 
BULLiRAG,/ abuse; to scold. Var. 


Ballbssb, 8. Ballast. Huloet. 

BaUetse or lastage for shippes, sahurra. 


Balliards, 8. The game of bil- 

Ball-monby,«. ''Money demanded 
of a nurriage company, and given 

to prevent their lieing maltreated. 
In the North it is customary for 
a party to attend at the church 
gates, after a wedding, to enforce 
this claim. The gift has re- 
ceived this denomination, as 
being originally designed for the 
purchaseofa foot-ball." Brockett. 

Ball'tnony, friven by a new bride to lier 
old play-fellows. Laiies* Dictionary, 1694 

Ballock-grass, 8. Theherb dogs'- 

stones. Gerarde. 
Ballocks, 1 *. i^A.-N.) Testiculi. 
BALLOKs, I The word occurs fre- 
BALLOXS, J quently in early medi- 
cal receipts. Sometimes called 
hallok-stones. " Hie testiculus, a 
balok 8ton. Hie piga, a balok 
kod.** Nominate^ MS.^ \bth cent. 
It appears from Palsgrave's Aco- 
lastus, 1540, that ballocke-8tone8 
was a term of endearment. 

Also take an erbe that ^owith in wodes, 
and is lick an nettle, and it is the 
leoKthe of a cubite ether tjier abonte, 
and hath as it were ballok sioones 
aboate the roote. 

Medical MS. of the 15M cent. 

Balloc broth. If. A kind of 
BALOK-BROTHB, J broth dcscHbed 
in the following receipt : 

Balloc hroth.—Takt eelys, and hilde 
hem, and kerre hem to pecys, and do 
liem to seeth in water and wyne, so tliat 
it be a htel over-stepid. l)o thereto 
sawge and oothir erbis, with ftw oynons 
y-mynced. Whan the eelis bath sodcn 
ynowj, do hem in a vessel; take a 
pyke, and kerve it to gobettes, and 
seeth hym in the same broth ; do thereto 
powdor gyn^er, galyngale, canel, and 
peper ; salt it, and cast the eelys there- 
to, and messe it forth. 

Forme ofCury, p. 12. 

Ballok-knyf, 8. A knife hung 
from the girdle. Piers PI. 

Balloon,! *. {Fr.) A large in- 
BALOON, j flated ball of strong 
leather, used in a game of the 
same name, introduced from 
France, and thus described in a 
book entitled Country Contents: 
" A strong and moveing spori in 




the open fields, with a great ball 

of double leather filled with wind, 

and driven to and fro with the 

strength of a roan's arm, armed 

with a bracer of wood." 

While others have been at the balloon, 
I have been at my books. 

Ben Jon., Fox, ii, 2. 

Minsheu, under Bracer^ speaks 

of a wooden bracer worn on the 

arm by baloon players^ " which 

noblemen and princes use to 

play." In the play of Eastward 

Hoe, Sir Petronel Flash says, 

*' We had a match at baloon too 

with my Lord Whackum, for 

four crowns;" and adds, "0 

sweet lady, 'tis a strong play with 

the arm."* O. PI, iv, 211. 

Faith, from those bums, whicli she through 

li&rhtnesse setts 
(For balloneballs) to hire, to all that play, 
Who must in time quite volley them away. 
Davies, Scourge of tolly, idll. 

Ballop, l *. The front or flap of 

BALLUP, J smallclothes. iVbrMttwid. 

B ALLOW, (1) adj. {A,'S,) Gaunt; 

bony ; thin. 

Whereas the baUow nag outstrips the 
winds in chase. 

Drayton, Polyolbion, song iii. 

(2) V. To select or bespeak ; used 
by boys at play, when they select 
a goal or a companion of their 
game. North. 

(3) 8. A pole ; a cudgel. North. 
"A. bailer, malleus ligneus quo 
glebae franguntur." Huloet. 

Ball-stell, 8, A geometrical 
quadrant, called in Latinized 
form balla-8telkL Nomenclator, 

Ball-stone, 8. A local name in 
Shropshire for a measure of iron- 
stone which lies near the sur- 
face ; a kind of limestone found 
near Wenlock. 

Ball-thistle, «. A species of 
thistle. Gerard, 

Ballu, 8. (A.-S.) Mischief; sor- 
row. See Bale, 


Ballvm-rancuic, 8. A licentious 
dancing party. An old slang 

He makes a rery good odd-nuui at 
ballum-raneum, orso ; that is, when the 
rest of the company is coupled, will 
take care to see there's good attendanee 
paid. Ottoay, Tht Atheist, 1684. 

Ballup. See Ballop. 
Bally, (1) 8, A litter of pigs. 

(2) V. To swell or grow distended. 

(3) adj. Comfortable. JFe8i. 
Ballys, "I 


Balmer, 8. If not a corniptiony 
this word, in the Chester Plays, 
i, 172, seems to designate some 
kind of coloured cloth. ** Bar- 
rones in balmer and byse." 

Balneal, adj. (Lai.) Refreshing. 

Balny, 8. {Lat. balneum.) A bath. 

Balo, 8. A beam in buildings; 
any piece of squared timber. £a8t, 

Balon, 8. {Fr.) Whalebone. 

Balotadb, 8. {Fr.) An attempt 
made by a horse to kick. 

Balourgly, 8, A sort of broth. 

For to make a balouraly bicoth. Tak 
pikys, and spred hem abord, and helys 
^if thou hast, fle hem, and ket hem m 

{fobbettys, and seth hem in alf wyn and 
lalf in water. Tak up the nykys and 
elys, and hold hem hote, aua draw the 
broth thorwe a clothe; do powder of 
gyng:ever, peper, and galyngale, and 
cauel, into the broth, andboyle yt; and 
do yt on the pykys and on the elys, 
and serve yt forth. 

Wam«r, Jntiq. CuUn., p. 4B. 

Balou^t, (A.'S.) prep. About. 
Balow. (1) a nursery term. North. 

(2) 8. (A.-S.) A spirit ; properly, 

an evil spirit. 
Balow-broth, 8, Probably the 

same as ballock-broth. 
Baloynob, 8, 

Eyther arm an elne long, 
Baloynge mengeth al by-mong, 
Ase baum ys hire bleo. 

la^ric Poetry,-p.Si 




Balsam- APPLE, 9. Thenrmeofan 

herb. floriOj v. CarSmza. 
Balsamum, 1 «. (Fr.) Balsam. 

BALSAMINT, j Skokesp. 

Balsomatk, a<fy. Embalmed. J%ir- 

dyng*8 Chron, 
Balstaff, 8. A large pole or staff. 

See BaUt-staff. 
Balter, V, To cohere together. 


(2) To dance about; to caper. 

Morte Arthure, 
Baluster, a. {Fr.) A bannister. 
Balwb. (1) «. {A.-S. balewe.) Evil; 

mischief; sorrow. 

(2) adj. Plain ; smooth. Pr, P, 
Balt, (1) *. (A.'S.) Evil; sorrow. 

(2) 8. {A.'S.) The belly. 

(3) 8. {A,-N.) A bailiff. 

Balte, 8. (A.-N.) Dominion. 
Bot for he sau him noht hot man, 
Godhed in liim wend he war nan. 
Forth! he fanded ithenlye 
To harl him til his balye. 

Cursor Mundi, MS. Ed., f. 54. 

Balyship, 8, The office of a bailiff. 
Balyahyp: Baliatus. Pr» P, 

Balzan, 8. {Fr.) A horse with 
white feet. Howell. 

BAL5E, adj, (A.'S.) Ample ; swelU 

Bam, 8. .{I) A story which is in- 
vented to deceiveor jeer, probably 
an abbreviation of bamboozle, 
(2) V, To make fun of a person. 

Bamble, V, To walk unsteadily. 

Bamboozle, v. To deceive; to 
make fun of a pei'son. Some- 
times it is used in the sense of to 

Bambt, adj. By and by. Devon. 

Bamchiches, 8, *^ Arietini, the 
chichescalied bamchiches.*' Florio. 

Bamb, 8, Balm. 

Bammbl, v. To beat ; to pommel. 

Ban, (1) i^. {A,'N.) To curse. 

And here upon my knees, striking the 

I ban their souls to everlasting pains. 

Marlow't Jew cif Malta, 

(2) f. A curse. 

(3) 8, An edict; a proclamation. 

That was the ban of Keningwnrthe, that 

was lo this, 
Tliat ther n« ssolde of heie men deserited 

be none. 
That hadde i-holde a;e the king, bote the 

erl of Leicetre one. Bob, Gloue., p. 568. 

(4) 8. A summons ; a citation. 

Of ys rounde table ys ban aboate he seude. 
That eche a Wy tesunety d to Carleou wende. 

Bob. Gloue., p. 188. 

(5) V. To shut out ; to stop. 

(6)«. A kind of dumpling. Lane. 
Band, ». (A.-S.) (1) A bond ; an 
engagement or covenant. 

(2) pret, t, of binde. Bound. 

On slepe fast yit sho him fande. 
His hers until a tre sho band. 
And hastily to )iim sho yede. 

Ytoaine and 'Gamn, L 1776. 

(3) 8, Imprisonment. 

His moder dame Aiienore, and the baroni 

of this land, 
For him travailed sore, and brouht him out 

of band. Langtoft's Chron.. p. 301. 

(4) 8. String or twine. Var, dial* 

(5) *. A hyphen. 

(6) 8. An article of dress for the 
neck, worn commonly by gen- 

His shirt he chaungeth, as the moone doth 

His band is starch'd with grease, firench- 

russet cleare. 

Davies, Seowge of Folly, 1611. 

Some Isundresse we also will entreate. 
For bannes and rulFes, which kindnes to be 

We will confesse, yea and requite it too. 

Bovolanagy Knave oj Shades, 1613. 

(7) 8, A space of groond twenty 
yards square. North, 

(8) 8. The neck feathers of a 
cock. Holme, 

Band-box, 8. Originally a box for 
bands and other articles of dress 
which required to be kept from 
rumpling and crushing. 

Band-case, 8. A band-box. 

By these within a band-case )xesi\\s ruflTe, 
Aiiid next to that thy brush, and then thy 
muffe. Cnmleg's Amanda, p. SI. 




Banded-mail, 9. A kind of armour, 
formed of alternate rows of 
leather or cotton, and single 

Bandel, *. (A.'N.) A little band 
for wrapping round anything. 

Ban DELE BR, 1 «. ( Fr. bandouil' 
bandoleer, yiiere.) Abroad belt 
BANDiLERO, J of leather, worn by 
a musqueteer, over the left 
shoulder, to which were hung, 
besides other implements, ten or 
twelve small cylindrical boxes, 
each containing a charge of pow- 
der. The charge-boxes were also 
called bandeleera, Sylvester calls 
the zodiac a bandeleer : 

Wimt shall I say of that bright bandeleer 
Which twice six signs ho richly garnish 

Du Bart. P. iv, Day 2, Week 2. 

Bandelet, s, A band, or fillet ; a 
narrow scarf. " Cidrpa^ any kind 
of scarfe or bandelet." Florio. 

Banden, I B^„„j 


Banders, i, Associators; con- 

Bandish, 8, A bandage. North. 

Band-kitt, «. A large wooden 
vessel, with a cover to it. In 
Yorkshire it is said to be known 
by the name of bow-kitt ; and in 
Lincolnshire, of ben-kit. 

Bandle, c. To bind round; to 
encircle with a scarf. 

Bando, 8. A proclamation. Shirley. 

Bandog, 8. A fierce kind of dog, 
conjectured by some to have been 
thus named because it was always 
kept tied up on account of his 
fierceness. Bewick describes it 
as a cross breed between the 
mastiff and bulldog. 

But, Grazns, if thy sole repute bee brnlling : 
A bandogge is thy better, by his bHllin^^ 
jPanes, Scourge oj Fullg, 1611. 

Bandon, «. {A.'N.) Dominion; 
subjection; disposal. 

Merd, qneth, ich me yelde 
Recreaunt to the in this felde. 
So liarde the smitestupon me krown. 
Ich do me alle in thy banioun. 

Betes oJ HamtouHt p. 4Si, 

Bandore, f. (ItaL pandwa.) A 
musical instrument, very similar 
in form to a guitar, but whether 
strung with wires like that, or 
with catgut, like the lute, we are 
not told. 

Bandorf, s. a penon banner. 

Bandow, 8. {Fr. bandeau.) A band 
round the head, worn especially 
by widows. 

Bandroll, 8. (Fr.) A small ban- 
ner, or pennon, fixed near the 
point of a lance. 

Bands, 8. (1) The hinges of 8 
door. North. 

(2) The rings of a hinge. They 
speak of "hooks and bands." 

Bandsters, 8. Those who bind the 
sheaves in reaping. North. 

Bandstrino, 8. The string or tas- 

sell appendant to the band or 


They were to stand mannerly forsooth, 
one hand at their bandstring^ the other 
behind the breech. Jubrey. 

Bandstring-twist, *. A kind of 
hard twist made of bleached 
thread thrice laid, used in making 
laces for females. 

Bandstrot, 8. A charm. 

Bandt, (1) 8. A game played with 
sticks called bandies^ bent and 
round at one end, and a small 
wooden ball. 

(2) V. To toss a ball, a term at 

(3) V. To join in a faction. 

(4) adj. Flexible; without sub- 
stance ; applied to bad cloth. 

(5) 9 A hare. East. 

(6) 8. The small fish called a 
stickleback. Norlhampt. 

Bandy-hewit, 8. A little bandy- 
legged dog ; a turnspit. 




BANor-4M>llHo«, 9, A game kt ball» 

conmioii in Norfolk. 
BANDTiJkif,«. Abftd woToan. North. 
BANDT'.Wie&Ct, #. The game of 

cricket, played with a bandy in- 

itead of a biat. Ecat, 
Bank, (1) v. (/^.-S, ban,) A bone. 

(2) V, to pnyidOn. 

(3) 9. (A.-S. bana.) A murderer. 

(4) 9, (A.-S,) Destrnction, 

(6) adj. Courteous; friendly. 

(6) Near; convenient. North. 

(7) *. In Somersetshire and the 
adjacent coanties this is the name 
given to the disease in sheep, 
commonly called rottenness, 
(8)ir. To afflict with a bad disease. 
West. This term n not applied 
exclusivdy to animals. 

(9) s. {A.-N.) A proclamation 
by sound of trumpet. 

Herkenes nowe, hende sires, 
|e han herde ofte 
tVich a eii has be cried 
Tlmrtli cutitres fele, 
Tlmrtli hcsr of themperour 
That Iiatli Home to kepe, 
That wliat niau upon mold« 
Mi^toiiwar liiide 
Tug brente wite bares. 
The bane is so maked 
He schold winite liis walreson 
To weld for evere. 

}yilUam and the Werwolf, p. 81. 

Dee. No, I forbid 
The banes of death : you shall lire man and 

Your scorn is now suflBciently reveng'd. 

The Slighted Maid, p. 88. 

** Bane of a play, or marriage : 
Banna, preludinm." Prompt. 
Part. In Somerset they still call 
the banns of matrimony bajtes. 
See Bains, 

Baneberry, 8, The herb Christo- 
pher ; the winter cherry. 

Ban^d, adj. Age-stricken. 

Banehound, v. To make believe ; 
to intend ; to suspect. Somerset, 

Banerbbt. The bearer of a banner. 

Banes, "few banes;" nodifRcoky, 
quickly dispatched. Northumb. 

Banewort, s. The plant night- 

Rang, (1) v. To strike; to shut 
with violence. 

(2) To go with rapidity. Cumb. 

(3) 8. A bh)w. 

(4) *. A stick ; a club. North, 

(5) 9. To surpass, to beat. 

(6) "In a bang,'* in a hurry. 

(7) *. A hard cheese made of milk 
several times skimmed. Suffolk. 

Bang-a-bonk, v. To lie lazily on 
a bank. Staffordsh. 

Bang-begoar, 8, (1) A beadle. 

(2) A vagabond, a term of re- 

Bange, 8. Light ff^n. Essex, 

Banger, s. (1) A large person. 

(2) A hard blow. Shropsh, 

(3) A great falsehood. 
Banging, adj. Unusually large ; as 

a banging child. 
BANGI.E, (1) ». To spend one's 
money foolishly. Lcmc. 

(2) 8, A large rough stick. 

(3) t>. The edge of a hat is said to 
bangle when it droops or hangs 
down. Norf, 

Bangled, part. p. Corn or young 

shoots, when beaten about bv the 

rain or wind, are bangled. East. 
Banglb-eared, a((^. Having loose 

and hanging ears. 
Bangstraw, s, a nick-name for a 

thresher, but applied to all the 

servants of a farmer. 
Bang-up, s, A substitute for yeast. 

Bangy, adj. Dull; gloomy. Essex. 
Banis, * {A,-S,) Destruction. 
Banish, v. To look smooth and 

bright. Sussex. 
Bank, (1) ». To beat. Devon. 

(2) V. To coast along a bank. 

(3) A term in several old games. 

(4) 8. A piece of unslit fir-wood. 





from four to ten inches square, 
and of any length. Bailey, 
(5) 8. A dark thick cloud behind 
which the sun goes down. 

Bankafalet, «. An old game at 
cards mentioned in ** Games most 
in Use," Lond. 1701. 

Bankage, 8. A duty for making 

Banker, «. (1) {A,-N.) A carpet, 

or covering of tapestry for a 

form, bench, or seat ; any kind of 

small coverlet. 

Tlie king to souper is set, served in lialle, 
Under a siller of silke, dayntyly diglit ; 
Witii all worsliipp aud M'ele, mewith the 

walle ; 
Briddes branden, and brad, in bankert 

bright. Gawan and Galalon, ii, 1. 

(2) 8, A stonemason's bench. 

(3) An excavator. Line. 
Banker, 1 «. A pile of stones raised 

BiNKER, J by masons for the pur- 
pose of placing upon it the stone 
they may be working. Linc» 
Banket, s. A banquet. 
Bank-hook, 8. A large fish-hook, 
baited, and attached by a line to 
the bank. Shrop8h, 
Bank- JUG, «. The name of a bird ; 
according to some, the nettle- 
creeper ; according to others, the 
^ chiff-chaff. The name is also 
applied to the hay-bird. Leicest, 
Bankrout, \ (1) *. (Fr.) A 
BANdUEROUT, J bankrupt. 

Nor shall I e'er believe or think tliee dead, 
Though mist, until our bankrout stage be 
sped. Leon. Digges. Prolog, to Sh. 

Of whom, I think, it may be truly said, 
That hee'll prove banquerout in ev'ry trade. 

Hon. Ghost, p. 4. 

And to be briefe, I doe conjecture tliat 
in this yeare will happen too many dis- 
lionest practises by hankrowts, worthy 
the halter for a reward. 

Almanack^ 1615. 

(2) 8, Bankruptcy. 

An unhappy master is he, that is made 
cunning by many shipwTacks; a mise- 
rable niercliaut, that is neither rich nor 
wise, but after some bankrouts. 

Asc/iam, Scholem., p. 59. 

(3) V. To become bankrupt. 

He tiiat wins empire with the loss of faiths 
Uut-buies it, anu will bankrout. 

Thorpe, Byron*» Cotupiraey. 

Banks, «. The seat on which the 
rowers of a boat sit ; the sides 
of a vessel. 

Banksman, 8, One who superin- 
tends the business of the coal 
pit. Derby8h, 

Bank-up, v. To heap up. Devon, 

Banky, (1) adj. Having banks. 
A banky piece, a field with banks 
in it. Heref. 

(2) V. To bank. *• I dont banky" 
i. p., I dont keep accounts with a 
banker. Somerset, 

Banles, adj. Without bones. 

Banne, v. (A.-N.) To ban; to 
curse ; to banish. 

Banner, 8. {A.^N.) A body of 
armed men, varying from twenty 
to eighty. 

Bannerell, s, {A.-N.) a little 
streamer or flag. 

Bannerer, 8. A standard-bearer. 

Bannering, 8. An annual peram- 
bulation of the bounds of a parish. 

Bannerol, «. The same as domfro/. 

Bannet-hay,*. Arick-yard. Wiits. 

Banney,«. St. Barnabas. /. Wight. 

Bannian, 8. A sort of dressing 
gown, used in the last century. 

Bannick, 9. . To beat; to thrash. 

Bannikin,«. a small drinking cup. 

Bannin, 8. That which is used for 
shutting or stopping. Somereet. 

Bannis, 8. A stickleback. Wilte. 

B annition, 8. The act of expulsion. 

Bannisters, 8. Persons (with 
passes ) who received money from 
the mayor to enable them to de- 
part out of the limits of his juris* 

Bannock, ) A thick round cake 
bannack, J of bread, made of oat- 
meal, kneaded with water only, 
with the addition sometimes of 




treacle, and baked in the embers. 
A kind of hard ship biscuit some- 
times goes under this name. 

Their bread and drinke I had almost 
forgotten; indeed it was not rnske as 
the Spaniards use, or oaten-cakes, or 
hojtnaeks, as in North Britaine, nor 
bisket as Englishmen eate. 

TayUMT's Works, 1630. 

Bannut, 8. A walnut. West. 

Banniowk, Is, A banner-bearer. 

BANNiRB, j^annyou^r or banner 

berer: Vexillarius. Prompt, Parv. 

BANauET, 8, (1) What we now 
call a dessert, was in earlier times 
often termed a banquet ; and was 
usually placed in a separate room, 
to which the guests remoTcd 
when they had dined. The com- 
mon place of banqueting^ or eat- 
ing the dessert, was the garden- 
house or arbour, with which 
almost every dwelling was fur- 

We'll dine in the great room, but let the 

And banquet be prepared here. 

Masaing.y Unnat. Comb. 

The dishes were raised one upon auotlier 
As woodmongers do billets, for tlie tirst, 
The second, and third cwurse ; and most of 

the shops 
Of the best confectioners in London ran- 

To furnish out a banquet. 

Mass., City Madaniy ii, 1. 

Oh, easy and pleasant way to glory ! 
From our bed to our glass ; from our 
glass to our board ; from our dinner Ut 
our ])ipe ; from our pipe to a visit ; from 
a visit to a supper ; from a supper to a 
play ; from a play to a bntufuet ; from 
a banquet to our bed. Bp. HaU's Works. 

(2) Part of the branch of a 

horse's bit. 
BANauETER, a. (1) A feaster; one 

who lives deliciously. 

(2) A banker. Huloet, 
Banrent, 1 ». a banneret ; a 

BANRET, J noble. 
Banshen, v. To banish. Pr, P, 
B ANSEL, V, To beat ; to punish. 

Banstickle, «. The stickleback. 

Asperagus (qusedam piscis) a 

bnnstykyll, 0rtu8 Vocab. In 

Wiltshire it is called a banticle. 
Bantam WORK, «. A showy kind 

of painted or carved work. Ash, 
Banwort, *. (A,»S,) The violet. 
Bany, adj. Bony. North, 
Banyan-day, *. A sea term for 

those days on which no meat is 

allowed to the sailors. 
Baning, 8, A name for some 

kind of bird. 
Banzbll, s. a long lazy fellow. 

Baon, 8, See Bawn, 
Bap, *. A piece of baker's bread, 

of the value of from one penny to 

twopence. North, 
Bapteme, s. Baptism. 
Baptiste, s. Baptism. 
Bar, (1) ». {A.-S.) A boar. 

(2) 8, A baron. Rob. Gtouc. 

(3) adj. Bare ; naked. North, 

(4) pret, t of bere. Bore. 

(5) 8. A joke. North, 

(6) V. To shut ; to close. North, 

(7) V. To bar a die, a phrase used 
amongst gamblers. 

(8) V, To make choice of (a 
term used by boys at play). 

(9) s. A feather in a hawk's wing. 

(10) 8, A horseway up a hill. 

Bara-picklet, *. Bread made of 
fine flour, leavened, and made 
into small round cakes. 

Barathrum, s, {Lat,) (1) An 

(2) An insatiate eater. 
Baratour, s. {A,'N.) a quarrel- 
some person. 

Barratoure : Fugnax, rixosus, jurgosus. 

Prompt. Bora 

Baratous, adj. Contentious. 

Barayne, s, a barren hind. 

Barb, v, {A.-N.) (1) To shave, or 
to dress the hair and beard. To 
barb money, to clip it; to barb 
a lobster, to cut it up. 




(2) Metaphorically, to mow. 

The stoopiug Bcythe-man, tliat doth barb 

the field 
Thou mak'st wink-sure. 

Marst. Malcontent, ir, 63. 

(3) 8. A kind of hood or muffler, 
which covered the lower part of 
the face and shouldiers. Accord- 
ing to Strutt, it was a piece of 
white plaited linen, and belonged 
properly to moQrning, being ge- 
nerally worn under the chin. 

(4) Florio has " Barboncelli, the 
barbea or little teates in the 
mouth of some horses." 

(5) The armour for horses. 

(6) The feathers under the beak 
of a hawk were called the barb 

(7) The edge of an axe. Gawayne, 

(8) The points of arrows are 
called barbez, in Sir Gawayne. 

BARB ART, } '' ^ ^^'^^^'y ^O"^- 

Barb A LOT, *. (1) A puffin. 

(2) The barbel. 
Barbarin,^. The barberry. IV.P. 
Barbed, adj. Caparisoned with 

military trappings and armour. 
, Spoken of war-horses. 
Barbed - CAT, ». A warlike engine. 

Jot to make a werrely holde, that men 
calle a barbed catte, and a bewfray that 
shul have ix. fadome of lengthe and two 
fadonie of brede, and the said catte six 
fadome of lengthe and two of brede, 
shal be ordeyned all squarre wode for 
the same aboute foure liondred fadiom, 
a thousand of horde, xxiiij. rolles, and 
a gi-ete quantvt6 of smalle wode. 

CaxUnCt Vegedua, sig. I, 6. 

Barbel, ». {A.-N,) A small piece 
of armour protecting part of the 

Barber, v. To shave or trim the 
beard. Skakesp. 

Barber-monger, a. A fool. 

Barbican, 1 s. When the siege 
BAtiBECAN, V of a castle was au- 
barbacan, J tici|>ated, the de- 
fenders elected- ^<oodea pal- 

ing and other timber work ia 
advance of the entrance gateway, 
assuming often the form of a 
small fortress, where they could 
hold the enemy at bay for some 
time before it was necessary to 
defend the gate itself; and they 
also placed wood-work before the 
windows, which protected those 
who were shooting out of them. 
Either of these was called a 
barHean^ a word which, and 
therefore probably the practice, 
was derived from the Arabic. The 
advanced work covering the 
gateway was afterwards made 
of stone, and thus became per- 
manent. When the old system 
of defending forteesses went out 
of use, the original roeaoiug of 
the word was forgotten, and the 
way in which the word was used 
in the older writers led to some 
confusion. It is explained by 
Spelman: "A fort, hold,, or 
munition placed ia the front of 
a castle, or an out-work. Also a 
hole in the wall of a city or cas- 
tle, through which arrows or 
darts were cast; also a watch- 
tower." The temporary wooden 
defences on the top of the walls 
and towers were called ire- 

Barbles, *. Small vesicular tin- 
gling pimples, such as those 
caused by nettles. East. The term 
was also applied to knots in the 
mouth of a horse. See Barb (4). 

Barborannb, ft The barberry. 

Barborery, ». A barbet's sbop^ 
Prompt. F(trv. 

Barbs, *. Military trappings^ 

Barbwig-, *. A kind of periwig. 

Barcary, *. {A.-N.) A sheep, 
cote ; a slieep-walk. 

Barge, *; A stickleback, YorJhh, 

Barcelet, *. A species of bow. 
Gaw, ? A houn^. See JSaralet^ 




Bard, ». (A.-N.) (1) The warlike 
trapping of a horse. The bards 
consisted of the following pieces : 
the chamfron, chamfrein, or shaf- 
fron ; the crinieres or main facre ; 
the poitrenal, poitral or breast- 
plate; and the croapiere or but- 
tock piece. 

(2) adj, Tongh. Rod, Glouc, 
(Z) part. p. Barred; fastened. 

Bard ASH, «. {Fr.) An unnatural 

Bar'd cater-tra, or more pro- 
perly, barr*d quatre trots. The 
name for a sort of false dice, so 
constructed that the quatre and 
trots shall very seldom come up. 

Where fallam high and low men bore great 

WiUi the quicke heipe of a hard eater trey. 
Taylor's Trao. o/12 pence, p. 73. 

Such be also call'd bard cater treas, be- 
cause commonly the longer end will of 
his own sway drawe downewttrds, aud 
tairne up to the eie sice, sincke, deuce, 
or ace. The principal use uf them is at 
iio\'unL, for so long a paire of bard cater 
treas be walking on the bourd, so long 
can ye not cast five nor nine unless it 
be by a great chance. 

Art of Juggling, 1613. C, 4 

Barded, pret, p. Equipped with 

military trappings or ornamentSp 

applied to horses. 

Fur at all alarmes he was the first man 
armed, and that at all points, and his 
horse ev^r barded. 

(kmines Hut. by Danet, 1B96. 

Bardello, s, {Ital.) The quilted 
caddie wherewith colts are 

Bardolv, a. An ancient dish in 


Bardolf. Take almond mylk, and draw 
hit up tliik with vernagc, and let hit 
boyle, and braune of capons braied, and 
put therto; and cast therto sugre, 
Clowes, maces, pynes, and ginger, 
niynced ; and take chekyns parboyled, 
and cliopped, and pul of the skyn, and 
boyle al ensemble, and in the settynge 
doune from the fire put therto a lytel 
vynegur alaiedwith pouder of ginger, 
aud a lytel water of everose, and make 
the potage hanginge, and serve hit 
Durthe. Warner, Anliq. Culin., p. 84. 

Bardous, adj. {Lot. iardus.) Sim- 
ple; foolish. 

Bards, s. Strips of bacon used in 

Bare, (I) adj. (A.-S.) Mere. 

(2) adt. Barely. 

(3) 9, To shave. Shakesp, 

(4) adj. Bareheaded. 

(5) s, A mixture of molten iron 
and sand, lying at the bottom of 
a furnace. Shropsh, 

(6) s. A piece of wood which a 
labourer is sometimes allowed to 
carry home, Suffolk. 

(7) A boar. See Bar. 

(8) A bier. 

(9) A place without grass, made, 
level for bowling. 

Bareahoxd, f». To assist. North, 
Bare-barley, *. Naked barley, 

whose ear is shaped like barley, 

but its grain like wheat without 

any husk. An old Staffordshire 

Bare-bubs, *. A bovish term for 

the unfledged young of birds. 

Bare-buck, s. A buck of six years 

old. Northampt, 
Baregnawn, adj. Eaten bare. 
Barehides, s. a kind of covering 

for carts, used in the 16th cent. 
Barelle, s. {} Fr.) A bundle. 
Barely, adv. Unconditionally; 

Baren, (1) pret, t. pi, of here. 

They bore. 

(2) V. To bark. 
Barbnhond, v. To intimate. 

Bare-pump, s, A small piece of 

hollow wood or metal to pump 

liquid out of a cask. 
Barks, s. Those parts of an image 

which represent the bare flesh. 
Baret, ». (.^.-iV.) (1) Strife; con- 

(2) Trouble; sorrow. 
Bareynte, s. Barrenness. Pr, P. 
Barf, «. A hill. Yorksh. 




Barfhamb, «. The neck-collar of 
a horse. Durham, 

BxRFRAY.ff. A tower. SeeBerfrey, 

Barful, adj. Full of bars or im- 
pediments. Shakesp, 

Bargain, *. (A.-N.) (1) An in- 
definite number or quantity of 
anything, as a load of a waggon. 

(2) Ii*8 a bargaint, it's no con- 
sequence. Line. 

(3) A small farm. /. Wight 
and Northampt, 

(4) A tenement, so called in the 
county of Cornwall, which usually 
consisted of about sixty acres of 
ploughed land, if the land were 
good, or more if barren. See 
Carlisle's ^cc. of Charities,^. 288. 

(5) An unexpected reply, tend- 
ing to obscenity. To sell a bar- 
gain f to make indelicate repartees. 

No maid at conrt is less nsliaro'd, 
Howe'er for selUog bargains fam'd. 


Bargains, s. Contention ; strife. 

Bargainer, s. One who makes a 

Bargain-work, ». Work by the 
piece, not by the day. Leicest. 

Bargander, 9* A brant-goose. 

Bargany, s, a bargain. Pr. P. 

Bargaret, 1 ». {A,'N.) A kind 
babginet, J of song or ballad, 
perhaps of a pastoral kind, frum 

Barge, (1) *. A fat, heavy person ; 
a term of contempt. Exmoor. 
A blow-maunger barge, a flat, 
blob-cheeked person, one who 
puffs and blows while he is eat- 
ing, or like a hog that feeds on 
whey and grains, stuffs himself 
with whitepot and flummery. 
(2) A highway up a steep hill. 

Barge-board, «. The front or 
facing of a barge-course, to con- 

ceal the barge cooples, latbt^ 

tiles, &c. 
Barge -COUPLE, 9, One beam 

framed into another to strengthen 

the building. 
Barge-course, a. A part of the 

tiling or thatching of a roof, 

projecting over the gable. 
Barge-day, «. Ascension-day. 

Baroer, «. The manager of a 

Barget, a. {Fr,) A little barge. 
Bargh, 8. (I) A horseway op a 

hill. North. 

(2) A barrow hog. OrtuaVoeab. 
Bargh-master, a. See Bar- 

Bargh-mote, 8. (A.-S.) The court 

for cases connected with the 

mining district. See Bar-master, 
Bargood, 8. Yeast. Var. d, 
Barguest, a. A goblin, armed 

with teeth and claws, believed 

in by the peasantry of the North 

of England. 
Barholm, s. "Collars for horses to 

drawe by, called in some coXin- 

treyes barholmes. Tomices." 

Huloet, 1552. 
Barian, 8. {A.-N.) A rampart. 
Bar* ire, *. A crow-bar. Devon, 
Bark, (1) s. The tartar deposited 

by bottled wine or other liquor 

encrusting the bottle. East. 

(2) f. The hard outside of 
dressed or undressed meat. 

(3) 8. A cylindrical receptacle 
for candles; a candle-box. North. 

(4) Between the bark and the 
wood, a well>adjusted bargain, 
where neither party has the ad- 
vantage. Suffolk, 

(5) f . A cough. Var. diaL 

(6) t>. To cough. Sussex. 

(7) V. To knock the skin off the 
legs by kicking or bruising them. 

Bark ART, t. A tan-house. 




Barked, larf/« Encrusted with 

BARKENED, J dirt. North, 
Barken, t. The yard of a house; 
a fano.yard. South. For barton. 
Barker, s, (1) A tanner. 

What craftsman art thou, said the king, 

I prave thee, tell me trowe: 
I am a barker, sir, by my trade ; 

Nowc telle me, what art thou ? 

K. Ed. IV and Tanner, Percy. 
Barker r Cerdo, frunio. Barkares barke- 
water: Nautea. Barke powder for 
letliyr: Frunium. Barkinge of lethyr 
or ledyr : Fninices. Barke lethyr : 
IVuuio, tanno. Prompt. Parv. 

(2) A fault-finder. 

(3) The slang name for a pistol. 

(4) A marsh bird with a long 
bill. Ray. 

(5) A whetstone; a rubber. 

Barkpat, s. a tanner's vat. 
Barkham, *. A horse's collar. 

North. See Barkholm. 
Barkled, 8. Encrusted with dirt, 

applied particularly to the human 

skin. North, 
B ARKMAN, *. A boatman. Kersey. 
Bakksble, f. - The time of strip- 
ping bark. 
Barkwater, *. Foul water in 

which hides have been tanned. 
Bark-wax, s. Bark occasionally 

found in the body of a tree. East. 
Barlay, inter] . Supposed to be a 

corruption of the French par hi. 
Barleeg,^. An old dish in cookery. 

BarUeg. Take crcme of almondes, and 
alay hit with flour of rys, and cast 
thereto sugre, and let hit boylc, and 
St ere hit wel, and colour hit with saffron 
and sauuders, and make hit stondynge, 
and dresse liit up on leches in disshes, 
and serve hit forthe. 

Warner, Antiq. Culin., p. 83. 

Barlep, 9. A basket for barley. 
Prompt. P. 

Barley, v. To bespeak ; to claim. 

Barley-bio, s. A kind of barley, 
cultivated in the fenny districts 
of Norfolk and in the Isle of 
Ely. " Beere corne, barley 'bygye, 

or moncome.Achilleia8.** Huloet, 

Barley-bird, «. The siskin. It 
is also called the cuckoo's mate, 
which see. Its first name is 
taken from the season of its ap- 
pearance, or rather of its being 
first heard; which is in barley- 
seed time, or early in April. Its 
chirp is monotonous, — tweet, 
tweet, tweet. The first notes of 
the nightingale are expected soon 
to follow, then those of the 
cuckoo. Moore* 8 Suffolk MS. 

Barley-bottles, t . Little bundles 
of barley in the straw, given to 

Barley-break, s. An ancient 
rural game, played by six people, 
three of each sex, coupled by lot. 
A piece of ground, was divided 
into three corapartmentSjOfwhich 
the middle one was called hell. 
The couple condemned to this 
division were to catch the others, 
who advanced from the two ex- 
tremities; when this had been 
effected, a change of situation 
took place, and hell was filled by 
the couple who were excluded 
by pre-occupation from the other 
places. By the regulations of the 
game, the middle couple were 
not to separate before they had 
succeeded, while the others might 
break hands whenever they found 
themselves hard pressed. When 
all had been taken in turn, the 
last couple were said to be in 
hellf and the game ended. 
Jamieson,in barla-breikis, barley 
bracks, says, *»This innocent 
sport seems to be almost entirely 
forgotten in the South of Scot- 
land. It is also falling into 
desuetude in the North." He 
describes it thus : ** A game ge- 
nerally played by young people 
in a corn yard. Hence called 
barla-brackSf about the stacks. 




Ooe sta£k U fixed on m the dule 
or goal ; and one person is ap- 
pointed to cetch the rest of the 
company, w1m> run out from the 
dule. He does not leave it till 
they are «U out of his sight. 
Then he seta out to catch them. 
Any one who ie taken, cannot 
run out again with his former 
associajtes, being accounted a 
prisoner ; but is obliged to assist 
his captor in pursuing the rest. 
When all are taken, the game is 
fini&hed; md he who is first 
taken is bound to act as catcher 
in the next game." 

Barley-brbe, ^ 8. Familiar and 
nARLEY-9iioTa, I jocular names 
SIR JOHN BAR- | for alc, which 
LEY-CORK, J is made of bar- 
ley. Barky-bree is, literally, bar- 
^ ley broth. 

Barley-bun, «. A barley bunne 
gentleman^ "a gent, (although 
rich) yet lives with barley bread, 
and otherwise barely and hardly." 

6 ARLEY-coKN, 8. Ale or beer. 

Barlby-hailes, 8, The spears of 
barley. South, 

Barley-mung, 8, (from A.-S. 
mfinegan, to mix.) Barley meal 
mixed with water or milk, to 
fatten fowls or pigs. East. 

Bap,L£Y.>oyle8, 8. The beard or 
awning of barley. Berks. 

Barley-plum, 8, A dark purple 
plum. West, 

Barley-seejo-birb, 8. The yellow 
water-wagtail. Yorkah, 

Barley^sblb, 8. {4.'S.) The sea- 
son of sowing barley. 

Bajbulichb, 8. Barley. 

Barlichooj), f. The state of 
being ill-tempered from intoxi- 
cation. North, 

BAfiLiNQ, 8, A lanprey. North, 

Barlings, «. Firepolee. Norf, 

Barm, «. (1) (A,wS, deei-m.) The 
Up Qr bosom* 

And laide his herei on hire 
Withoute doyng of ovy liarme. 

K. MiuntttdcTj 1. So5. 

(2) Yeast. 

Bar-master, «.{^.-£'.) An officer 
in the mining districts; whose 
title is written beryhnuteter by 
Manlove in a passage cited from 
his poem on the Customs of the 
Mines, i» the Oravem Gloss., 
which brings it nearer to a word 
used in Germany for a like officer, 
berymeister. He is an agent of 
the lord of minerals, who grants 
mines and fixes the boundaries; 
the term is in use in Derby, 
shire, where an ancim^t code 
of laws or customs regulating 
mines, &c., still prevails ; and in 

Barme-cloth, 8. An apron. 

Barm -fel, s. A leathern apron. 

Barm-hatre, s. Bosom attire, the 
garments covering the bosom. 

Barmote, *. A bergmote. Derb. 

Barmskin, 1«. a leather apron. 
BASiNSKiN, J The skin of a sheep 
with the wool scraped or shaveu 
off. There is a proverbial phrase, 
" Her smock*s as dirty and greasy 
as a barmskin.*' To rightly ap- 
preciate this elegant simile, you 
must view a barmskin in the 
tanner's yard. Line. 

Barn. (1) {J..S.) A child, SUU 
used in the North. §ee jBaim. 

(2) 8. A man. 

(3) 8. A baron. 

(4) *. A garner. Wlckliffe. 

(5) V. To lay up in a barn. East, 

(6) part. a. Going. Yorksh. 

(7) V. To close or shut up. Oxf. 
Barnabas, s, A kind of thistle. 
Barnaby, s. In Sufi'olk they cal 

a lady-bird " Bish^ Bamaby." 
Barnaby-bright, 8. The trivial 

name for St. Barnabas' day, 

June 11th. 
Barnacles, «. A popular term for 





Barnacls^bfkd, a. The tree pro- 
ducing t)ie barnacles. 

Ba]lna6b,«. {A.'N,) The baronage. 

BAftND, part. p. Burnt. 

Barv-boo&^avaoe, «. A clod- 
hopper. Shropth, 

Barns, », (1) A sort of flower, 
mentioned in Hollyband's Diet., 
(2) A baron. 

Barkhbd, «. Childhood. 

Barnkin, 1 ». The outermost 

BARNBKTNCH,/ ward of a castle, 
in which the barns, stables, cow- 
bouses, &c., were placed. 

Barkb-laikins, f. (A.'S.) Chil- 
dren's playthings. 

Barness, \ 9. To grow fat. Lei- 

BARNI8H, j Cest, 

Barngun, 8. A breaking out in 

small pimples or pustules in the 

skin. Devon. 
Barnish, (1) adj. Childish. North. 

(2) V. To increase in strength or 

Tigour; to fatten. 

Some use to breake off the toppes of the 
hoppes when they ar growne a xi or xii 
fbote high, bicause thereby they burnish 
and stocke exceedingly. 

B. Seofs Platfortn'e of a Hop-Garden. 

Barn-mouse, 8, A bat. 
Barn-scoop, 8. A wooden shovel 

used in barns. 
Barn-teme, «. (.^..'S'.) ( I ) A brood 

of children. 

Antenowre was of that ham-teme. 
And was fownder of Jerusniem, 
That was wyg}it withowtyn wene. 
Le bone Florence of Rome, 1. 10. 

(2) A ehild. 

Jacob Alphie hame-ieme 
Was firste biscop of Jerusalem ; 
Baglitwise to }um was cal man wone, 
And was ure levedi sislT sone. 

Cursor Mundi. 

Barnyard,!. A straw -yard. £;a«^. 
Barnyskyn, 8, A leather ^pron. 

Pr. P. See Baf^mskin, 
Baron, 8. (1) A child. For bam. 

(2) The back part of a cow. 

Baronage, «. {A.-N.) An assem- 
bly of barons. 

Baron BR, «. (1) Aharon. 
(2) Some officer in a monastery; 
perhaps the school-master, or 
master of the barns or children. 
Bury Wills, p. 105. 

Barr, (1)9. To choose. Shropsh. 

(2) *. Part of a stag's horn. 

(3) 8. The gate of a city. 

(4) V. To debar. 

Barra, *. A gelt pig. Exmoor, 

See Barrow. 
Barracan,*. (Fr.) A sort of stuff, 

a strong thick kind of camelot. 
Barra-horsb, 8. A Barbary horse. 
B ARRAS, 8. A coarse kind of cloth 

— sack -cloth. 
Barre, (1) ». To move violently. 

(2) 8. The ornament of a girdle. 

(3) A pig in bar, was an ancient 
dish in cookery. 

Tyfige in barre. Take a pigge, and farse 
hvTu, and roste hyni, and in the rostyn'^re 
endorse hym ; and Mhen he is rested 
lay orethwart him over one barre of sil- 
ver fuile, and anotlier of golde, and 
sei-ve hym forthe so al hole to the 
borde for a lorde. 

Warner, Jntiq. Culin., p. 80. 

Barred, part. p. Striped. 
Barrel, 8. A bucket. 
Barkkl-pever, 8. Sickness occa- 
sioned by intemperance. North. 
Barren, (1) t. Cattle not gravid. 

(2) 8. A company of mules. 

(3) 8. The vagina of an animal. 

(4) adj. Stupid ; ignorant. Shok. 
Barrener, f. A barren cow or 

ewe. South, 

Barren-ivy, 8. Creeping ivy. 

Barren-springs, «. Springs im- 
pregnated with mineral, and con- 
sidered hurtful to the land. 

Barrenwort, 8. A plant (epi- 

Barresse, 8. pi. The bars. 

Barricoat, 8. A child's coat. 




Barrie,') 0^'. Fit; convenient. 
BAiRE, j Durham, 

Lahriers, 8. The paling in a tour- 
nament. To fight at barriers, to 
fight within lists. 

And 80 if men shall run at tilt, just, or 
fight at barriers toeellier by tlie kings 
commandement, and one of them doth 
kill another, in these former cases and 
the like, it is misadventure, and no 
felony of death. Country Justice, 1620. 

Barriham, *. A horse's collar. 
North. See Barholm. 

Barriket, 1 *. A small firkin. 
barrilet, j Cot grave. 

hAKKiiJG, part. Except. Var.dial. 

Barring-out, a. An old custom at 
schools, when the boys, a few 
days before the holidays, barri- 
cade the school-room from the 
master, and stipulate for the dis- 
cipline of the next half year. 

Barrow, *. {A.~S.) (1) A mound 
of earth ; a sepulchral tumulus. 

(2) A grove. 

(3) A way up a hill. North. 

(4) The conical baskets wherein 
they put the salt to let the water 
drain from, at Nantwich and 

(5) A castrated boar. 
Barrs, *. The upper parts of the 

gums of a horse. Diet. Rust. 

Barry, v. To thrash corn. Nor- 

Bars, «. The game of prisoner's- 

Barsalb, s. The time of strip- 
ping bark. East. See Barksele. 

Barse, 8. A perch. Westm, 

Barslets, 8. Hounds. 

B ARSON, «. A horse's collar. Yorksh. 

Barst, pret. t. Burst ; broke. 

Barte, t>. To beat with the fists. 

Barth, 1*. A shelter for cattle. 
BARSH, J Var. dial. 

Bartholomew-pig,. 8, Roasted 

pigs were formerly among the 

chief attractions of Bartholomew 

Fsur; they were sold piping hot, 

in booths and stalls, and osten* 
tatiously displayed to excite the 
appetite of passengers. Hence a 
Bartholomew pig became a com- 
mon subject of allusion; the 
puritan railed against it : 

For the very calling it a Bartkolomao 
pig, and to eat it so, is a spice of idola- 
try. B. Jons., Bart. Fair, i, 6. 

Bartholomew-baby, 8. A gawdy 
doll, such as were sold in the 

By the ei^htli house you may know to 
an inch, how many moths will eat an 
alderman's gown ; by it also, and the 
help of the bill of mortality, a man may 
know how many people die in London 
every week : it* also tells farmers what 
manner of wife they should chuse, not 
one trickt up with ribbands and knots, 
like a Bartholomew-btUiy ; for such a one 
will prove a holiday wife, all play and 
no work. Poor Eobin, 1740. 

Bartholomew-gentleman, «• A 
person who is unworthy of trust. 

After him comes another Bartholomew 
gentleman, with a huge liamper of pro- 
mises ; and he falls a trading with his 
promises, and applying of promises, and 
resting upon promises, that we can 
hear of nothing but promises: which 
trade of promises he so engross'd to 
himself, and those of his own congrega- 
tion, tliat in the late times he would 
not so much as let his neer kinsmen, 
the presbyterians, to have any dealing 
with the promises. 

Eachard's Observations, 1671. 

Barthu-day, 8. St. Bartholo- 
mew's day. 

Bartizan, 8. The small turret pro- 
jecting from the angle on the top 
of a tower, or from the parapet 
or other parts of a building. 

Bartle, 8. (1) "At nine-pins or 
ten-banes they have one larger 
bone set about a yard before the 
rest caird the bartle, and to 
knock down the bartle gives for 
five in the game.'' Kermett, 
(2) St. Bartholomew. 

Barton, *. (A.-S.) (1) The de- 
mesne lands of a manor; the 
manor-house itself; the outhouses 
and yards. 




(2) A coop for poultry. 

Bartram, 9. (corrupted from Lat. 
pyretkrum.) The pellitory. 

BARTYNiT,j»ar/./i. Struck; beaten 
with the fist. Gaw. See Barte. 

Baru, a. A barrow or gelt boar. 
Rob. Glouc. 

Barvel, f. A short leathern apron 
worn by washerwomen ; a slab- 
bering bib. Kent. 

Barvot, adj. Bare-foot. 

Barw, adj. {A.-S.) Protected. 

Barway, 8. A passage into a field 
made of bars which take out of 
the posts. 

Barytone, ». The name of a viol- 
shaped musical instrument, made 
by the celebrated Joachim Fielke 
in the year 1687. 

Bas, (I) r. (Fr.) To kiss. 
(2) 8. A kiss. 

Nay, syr, as for hassys, 
From hence none passys, 
But as in gage 
Of maryage. 

Flay of Wit and Science, p. 13. 

Basam, 8, The red heath broom. 

Bascles, 8. A sort of robbers or 
high wav men. Langtoft^ Chr(m.t 
p. 242.' 

Bascon, 8. A kind of lace, con- 
sisting of five bows. 

Base, (I) adj. {A.-N.) Low. 

(2) V. To sing or play the base 
part in music. Shakesp. 

(3) 8. Matting. East. 

(4) ». A perch. Cumb. 

(5) *. The drapery thrown over 
a horse, and sometimes drawn 
tight over its armour. See Bases. 

(6) A small kind of ordnance. 

Base, "1*. Prison-base ^ or prison- 
bace, J bars. A rustic game, often 
alluded to in the old writers. 

Lads more like to run 
The country haaCy than to commit snch 
slaughter. Shakesp., Cyni., v, 3. 

So ran they all as they had been at bnce. 
They being chased that did others chace. 
S/,ew. F. Q., Y, mi, 5. 

To bid a base, to run fast, chal- 
lenging another to pursue. 

To bid the wind a base he now prepares. 
Shakesp., Venus and Jd. 

Base«ball, 8. A country game. 

Basebroom,! . The herb woodwax. 

Ba8e-court,«. The outer, or lower 

Base-dance, s. A grave, sober, 
and solemn mode of dancing, 
somewhat, it is supposed, in the 
minuet style ; and so called, per- 
haps, in contradistinction to the 
vaulting kind of dances, in which 
there was a greater display of 

Basel, 8. A coin abolished by 
Henry II in 1158. 

Baselard, 8. See Bastard. 

Baseler, 8. A person who takes 
care of neat cattle. North. 

Basel-pot, *. A sort of earthen 

Wliich head she plasht within a hasellpot. 
Well covered all with harden sovie alolt. 
Turberville's Tragical Tales, 3587. 

Basen, adj. Extended as with 

A.nd stare on him with big looks basen wide, 

Wond'ring what mister wiirlit he Mas, and 

whence. Spens., Moth. Hubb. Tale, 1. 670 

Base-ring, s. The ring of a can- 
non next behind the touch-hole. 

Baserocket, 8. A plant (the bur. 

Bases, 8. pi. A kind of embroi- 
dered mantle which hung down 
from the middle to about the 
knees, or lower, worn by knights 
on horseback. 

All heroick persons are pictured in bases 
and buskins. Gay ton, Fest. Notes, p. 218. 

Bases were also worn on other 

occasions, and are thus described 

in a stage direction to a play by 

Jasper Maine. 

Here six Mores dance, after the ancient 
Ethiopian mawuex. "Ett^cX. w\wj^^ 
stuck ruunOL i\iv:vc Aitu.^^ vci Wsavc ^>^\!e.\ 




hair instead of i^uivers. Their bowcs 
ill their hunds. Their upper parts 
naked. Tlieir nether, from the wast to 
their knees, covered with biues of blew 
satin, «dged with a deep silver fringe/' 
8ur. Amorous Warre, iu, 2. 

Tlie colour of her bases was almost 

Like to the falling whitish leaves and 

With cipresse tmnks enibroder'd and em- 

host. Harr. Jr., zxxii, 47. 

(2; An apron. Butler has used 
it in Hudibras to express the 
butcher's apron. 
Bash, (1) t>. (probably from A.-N. 
baisser.) To lose flesh ; become 
lean. A pig is said to basbf when 
it " goes back" in flesh in conse- 
quence of being taken from good 
food to had. Leic. Northampt. 

(2) V, To beat fruit down from 
the trees with a pole. Beds, 

(3) V. To be bashful. 

(4) f. The mass of roots of a 
tree before they separate; the 
front of a bull's or pig's head. 

Bashment, 8. Abashment. 

Bashrone, 8, A kettle. 

Bashy, adj, (1) Fat; swollen. 

(2) Dark; gloomy; sloppy; said 
of the weather. Northampt, 

Basil, 8, (1) When the edge of a 
joiner's tool is ground away to 
an angle, it is called a basiL 
(2) The skin of a sheep tanned. 

Basilez, 8. A low bow. Decker, 

Basil-hampers, 8, A diminutive 
person who takes short steps, 
and proceeds slowly; a girl whose 
clothes hang awkwardly about 
her feet. Line, 

Basiliard, 8. A baslard. 

Basilicok, 8, A basilisk. 

Basilinda, 8, The play called 
Questions and Commands ; the 
choosing of King and Queen, as 
on Twelfth Night. 

t«r^'}- Asortofcanuou. 

Basinkt, *. The herb crowfoot. 

Basing, \8. The rind or outer 
BAZiNO, jcoat of a cheese. Mid' 
land Counties, 

Basinskin, f. See Barmskin, 

Bask, (1) adj. Sharp, hard, acid. 

(2) V, To nestle in the dust like 
birds. Leie, 

Baskefysyke, «. Fdtutio. Co*- 
wolds Davnce^l, 116. 

Basket, *. An exclamation fre- 
quently made use of in cockpits, 
where persons, unable to pay 
their losings, are adjudged to he 
put into a basket suspended over 
the pit, there to remain till the 
sport is concluded. Chrose, 

Basket-sword, *. A swerd with a 
basket hilt. 

Basking, #. (\) A thrashing. 

(2) A drenching in a shower. 

Baslard, s. (A,'N,) A long dag- 
ger, usually suspended frem ihe 
girdle. In 1403 it was ordained 
that no person should use a bas- 
lard, decorated with silver, unless 
he be possessed of the yearly in- 
come of 20/. 

Basnet, «. (1) A cap. SJkelton. 
(2) A bassenet. 

Bason, «. A badger. Cotgrane, See 

Basoning- furnace, s, A furnace 
used in the manufacture of hats. 

Bass, {1)8. A kind of perch. 
(2) 8. A church hassock. North, 
(Z) A collar for cart-horses made 
of flags. 

(4) Dried rushes. Cumb, 

(5) The inner rind of a tree. 

(6) A slaty piece of coal. Sl&rojOfA. 

(7) A twopenny loaf. North. 

(8) A thing to wind about grafted 
. trees before they be dayeid, and 
\ ^llec. Holme. 




Bassa, 1 
BA8SAiK>, >«. Absshaw. 


Bassam, t. Heath. Devon. 
Bassb, (1) 9. {jL-N.) To kiss. 

(2) «. A kiat. 

(3) 9. A hoUow place, mi- 

(4) c Apparently, the elder 
swine. Topteits Fomre Fooled 
Beastg, p. 661. 

(5) V. To ornament with bases. 
Bassel-bowls, a. Bowling balls. 

Bassenet, «. A light helmet worn 

sometimes with a moveubie 

Basset, «. (1) An earth-dog. 


(2) A mineral term where the 
strata rise upwards. Derbysh, 

(3) An embassy. Past, Lett.f 
i, 158. 

Bassett, a. A game at cards, 
fashionable in the laiU-r part of 
the seventeenth century, said to 
have been invented at Venice. 

Bassbtnts, 8. Basons. 

B A 881 NATE, c A kind of fisb» 
supposed to be like men in 

Bassock, a. A hassock. Bailey, 

Bast, (1 ) a. Matting; straw. North. 

(2) a. Boast. 

(3) a. A bastard. 

(4) part.p. Assured. 

(5) V. To pack up. North, 
Basta. Properly an Italian word, 

signifying U » enough^ or let it 
sufficeyhMi not uncommon in the 
works of our ancient dramatists. 
Bastard, a. A sort of sweet Spa- 
nish wine» which approached the 
muscadel wine in flavour; there 
were two sorts, white and brown. 
It was perhaps made from a bas^ 
tard species of muscadine grape; 
but the term seems to have been 
applied, in more ancient times, 
tu all miied aid sweetened wines. 

Spaine hringetk fortli trinet of atrhir« 
eokmr, bat much liotter and ftronser, 
as aacke, nunner. and bastard. 

Cophaa's Haven of Health, p. S39. 

I n-as drnnk with bastard. 
Whose DMtare is to form tfaiaf^, like itself. 
Heady and monstroas. 

£. ^ Ft, TamcrTsm'd, it, L 

(2) f. A gelding. 

(3) V, To render illegitimate. 
Bastat, 9. A bat. North. 
Baste, (l) v. {A.-N.) To mark 

sheep. North, 

(2) V. To sew slightly. 

(3) 9. A blow. North, 

(4) V. To flog. Basting J a severe 

(5) 9. Bastardy. 
1^){A..S.) A rope. 

Bastklkr, 8. (A.-N.) A person 
who bastes meat. 

Bastel-house, f. See Ba9tiie, 

BASTBL-R00Fs,a. Turrctcd or Cas- 
tellated roofs. 

B ASTER, (1) a. A heavy blow. 
(2) A bastard. 

The 15. Octoh. A. All. deliverrd before 
her tyme ti a man chiid. This yere 
was a quiet yere, but th)U the discour- 
tasi of A. AU. troblud me often^ and 
the baster. Forman*s Diary. 

B ASTERLY-6ULLI0N, f. A btstard's 
bastard. Lane. 

Bastian, 9. St. Sebastian. 

Bastick, f. A basket. West. 

Bastile, s. (A.-N.) a temporary 
wooden tower, used formerly in 
military and naval warfare ; some- 
times, any tower or fortification. 

They had also towrea of tymber goyiig 
on wheles that we clepe bastiUs or 
somercHstelles, and ^lortly alle thing<>s 
that nedfnlle was in eny maner kynde 
of werres, the legion had it. 

Fegecius, by Trevisa, MS. Reg. 
Item the xxvigti of Marche Ro^r 
Witherington and Thomas Carlell, of 
this towne of Burwyke, rode into Dim- 
niermore to a place called Bowsheliiil, 
x\j niyle from Barwyke, and ther waa 
a las tell- koicse, and gote the man of 
the same, whiche oifred to gyve them 
for his raunsimve x\ m^\*V;.%. 



174 BAt 

And in tlii hostel fulle of blisfulnesse, 
In lusti age than schalle the wel betide. 

Bottius, MS. 

Bastiments, *. (A.'N.) Provi- 
sions; victuals. 

Relation of the shipps, galies, gnliases, 
and otlier sliippinge; Si'umen, infan- 
tery, hursenien, officers, and particular 
persons; artillery, amies, niunytions, 
and other necessaries which is thought 
to be needful in case siialbe performed 
the journey for Ingland, and the beuli- 
ments, with tlie prices that they may 
cost, the partes from whence both one 
and other is to be provided, and M'hat 
all will amount unto, accompting the 
army, and at what shalbe levied for the 
sayd enterprize to goe provided, payd, 
and hastised for 8 months, as all is 
hereafter. Hatfield House Records. 

Bastise, r. To victual. 
Baston, «. (1) {A.-N.) A cudgel. 

(2) A sort of verse, of which the 
following appear to be examples : 

Hail be ye tailurs, with yur scharpe 

schores ! 
To mak wronge hodes ye kitteth lome 

Agens midwinter bote beth yur neldes; 
Tlio<rli yur semes semith fair, hi lestith 
litel while. 
The clerk that this baston wrowghte. 
Wet he woke and slepe righte nowghte. 
• • • • 

Hail be ye, suttera, with your mani 

lestes I 
"With your blote hides of seicuth bestis; 
And trobles, and trifules, both vampe 

and alles ; 
Blak and iothlich beth yur teth, hori 
was that route. 
Nis this bastun wel i-pi^ht ! 
Such word him sitte arighte. 

Reliq. Antiq.^ ii, 174. 

(3) A servant of the warden of 
the Fleet, whose duty it is to 
attend the king's courts, with a 
red staff, for taking into custody 
of persons committed by the 

(4) A kind of lace. See Bascon. 
Bastone, «. (Ital.) A bastinado. 
Bat, (1) 8, {A,'S.) A stave; a 

club ; a cudgel. 

He nemeth is hat and forth a goth, 
Swithe sori and wel wroth. 

Beves of Hamtoun, p. 17. 

But what needs many words? whilst f 
am faithfull to them, I have lost the 
use of my armes with batts. 

Terence in BngUsh,lM.. 

And each of you a good hat on his neck, 
Able to lay a good man oa the ffnrand. 
Georffe-a-Oreene, 0. P., iii,4S. 

(2^ «. A blow ; a stroke. North. 

(3) 8. A wooden tool for breaking 
clods of earth. 

(4) V. To strike or beat; to beat 

(5) 8. Debate. 

(6) V. To wink. Derbysh, 

(7) f. The straw of two wheat 
sheaves tied together. Yorish, 

(8) *. State ; condition. North* 

(9) 8, Speed. Line, 

(10)*. A Somerset, 

(11) ». A low-laced boot. lb, 

(12) *, The root end of a tree 
after it has been thrown. lb, 

(13) «. A spade at cards. lb, 

(14) 8. The last parting that lies 
between the upper and the nether 
coal. Stafford. 

(lb) 8. A piece of sandstone nsed 
for sharpening scythes and other 
tools. Notf. 

Bat able, (1) adj. Fertile in nutri- 
tion, applied to land. 
(2) 8. Land disputed between 
two parties, more particularly 
that lying between England and 
Scotland, which was formerly 
called the datable ground. 

Bat AILED, *. {A.'N.) Embattled. 

Batailous, adj. Ready for battle. 

Batails, 8. (A.-N.) Provisions. 

Batale, v. To join in battle. 

Batalle, 8. (A.-N.) An army. 

Batand, part. a. Going hastily. 

Batant, *. (Fr.) The piece of 
wood that runs upon the edge 
of a lockside of a door or 

Batardier, *. (Fr.) A nursery for 

Batauntliche, adv, (A.'N,) 

Bataylynge, «. A battlement. 




Batch, «. (1) A certain quantity; 
part of a number. Berks. 

(2) A quantity of bread baked at 
once; also the whole of the 
wheat flour used for making com- 
mon household bread, after the 
bran has been separated from it. 

(3) A kind of hound. North. 

(4) A mound ; an open space by 
the road-side; a sand-bank, or 
patch of ground lying near a 
river. West, 

Batch-cake, s. a cake made of 
the same dough, and baked with 
the batch of bread. Norihampt, 

Batch-flour, t. Coarse flour. 

Bate, (1) ». (^.-S.) Contention; 
debate; strife. 

(2) V. To abate ; to diminish. 

(3) V. To flutter, applied to 

(4) pret, t. of bite. Bit. 
{t)pr€p. Without; except. Lane, 

(6) r. To fly at. 

Thus sunreying round 
Her dove-befeather'd prison, till at length 
(Calling her noble birth to mind, and 

Wliereto her wing was bom) her ragged 

Nips off her jangling jesses, strives to break 
Her giugling fetters, and begins to bate 
At cv*ry glimpse, and darts at ev'ry grate. 

QuarUs'a EmbletM. 

(7) V, To go with rapidity. 

(8) V, To fall suddenly. 

(9) *. {A.'S,) A boat. 

(10) «. A sheaf of hemp. Norf, 

(11) pret, t. Did beat. Spens. 
Bate-breedino, s. Causing strife. 
Bated, adj. A fish, when plump 

and fulUroed, is well bated. 

Batel, ' 1 ». {A.-N.) A little 
batelle, J boat. 

Bateless, adj. Not to be abated 
or subdued. 

Batb-makbr, 8. X causer of strife. 

Batement, 8. That part of wood 
which is cut off by a carpenter 
to make it fit for his purpose* 

Batemrnt-lights. *. The upper 
openings between the mullions 
of a window. 

Bater, *. A bye-way, or cross- 

As for the word bater, that in English 
purporteth a lane bearing to an high 
waie, I take it for a meere Irish word 
that crept unwares into the English, 
throngh the daiUe intercourse of the 
English and Irish inliabitants. 

Stanikurst, Desc. of Jrel., p. 11. 

Batfowling, s. A ipethod of 

taking birds in the night-time. 

Batful, adj. Fruitful. 

Of Bevers hatfull earth, men seeme as 

though to faine, 
Reporting in what store she multiplies 

her graine. Drayton, Pol, song xiii. 

Tlie belly hath no eares. No? hath it not? 
What had my loves when she with child 

was got ? 
Though in herwombethe seedsman sowed 

Yet, being hattfulle, it bare perfect eares. 
Davies, Scourge of Folly, 1611. 

Bath, (1) adj. Both. North. 

(2) 8. A sow. Heref. See Basse. 

(3) V. To dry any ointment or 
liquid into the skin. 

Bather, {I) v. To nestle and rub 
in the dust, as birds in the sun- 
shine; also to roll and settle 
downwards, spoken of smoke. 
(2) {J.'S.) gen. pi. of both. 

Bathing. See Beating. 

Bathing-tub, s. A bath formerly 
administered to people affected 
with the venereal disease. 

Batige, s. a pearl. 

Batilbaby, s. An oflice in forests. 

Batillage, s, (A.'N.) Boat hire. 

Bat-in-water, s. Water mint. 

Batler, ^ 8. The in- 

batlet, I strutnent with 

BATLING-STAFF, >which Wash- 

batstaff, 1 ers heat their 

BATTING-STAFF, j COarSC clotlies. 

Batleton, *. A batler. Shropsh. 
Batling, 8. A kind of fish. 
Batlins, 8. Loppings of trees, tied 
up into faggots. Suff» 




Batneh, 8. An ox. 
Batoon, *. (Fr.) A etid^el. 
Batour, 8, Batter, Warner, 
Bats, *. (1) The short furrows of 
an irregular field. South, 

(2) 8, Th« game of cricket. Dev. 

(3) 8, A beating. Yorksh, 

(4) 8, The slaty part of coal after 
it is burnt white. Coal det-erio- 
rated by the presence of this 
slaty matter is said to be batty. 
Northampt In Shropshire it is 
calleiEt basSf and in Yorkshire 

Bat-swain, *. (A.-S.) A sailor. 

Batt, t>. (1) To beat gently. 

(2) To wink or move the eyelids 
up and down. Cheek, 

Batt ABLE, adj. Capable of culti- 

Battailant, *. {A.'N.) A com- 

Battaile, 8. (J.^N.) A battalion 
of an army. 

Battalia, 8. (Fr.) (1) The order 
of battle. 

(2) The main body of an army 
in array. 

Batted, part, p. Stone worked off 
with a tool instead of being 
rui)bed smooth. A stonemason's 

Batten, (1) v, (A.-S.) To thrive; 
to grow fat. North, 

(2) 8, A rail from three to six 
inches broad, and one or more 

(3) 8. The straw of two sheaves 
folded together. North. See Bat, 

Battkn-hoard, 9^ A thatcher's 

tool for beating down thatch. 
Battkn-fbncb, 8. A fence made 

by nailing two or three rails to 

upright posts. 
Batter, (1) 8, (perhaps from 

A.-N. abattre.) An abatement; 

a wall which diminishes upwards 

is said to batter, Susse^v, 

(2) 8, Dirt. North. 

(3) V, To fight one's wav. Mid- 
land C, 

(4) V. To wear out. South. 
Battero, 8, A bat. 
Batticlk, 8, A moveable wooden 

eross-bar to which the traces of 

husbandry horses are aecar^d. 

Battid, adj. Covered with strips 

of wood, as walls are previously 

to their being plastered. 
Battil, 1 V. {A,-S,) To grow fat. 
battel, j AJso, to fatten others. 

For sleep, they said, would make her battil 
better. Sp., F. Q., VI, viii, 38. 

Aslies are a marvollons improvement to 
battle barren land. ^ Bay's JProv., S38. 

Bati'ing, 8, A bottle oi straw. 

Batting^stock, 8, A beating 
stock. Kennett, 

Battle, (1) v. To dry in ointment 
or moisture wpon the ffesh by 
rubbing that part of the body 
while exposed to the fire. 

(2) adj. Fruitful, fertile, applied 
to land. 

(3) V. To render ground fertile 
by applying manure. 

(4) V. To go about a room with 
wet and dirty shoes. Northampt. 

(5) V. To bespatter with mud. 
Battled^ splashed or bespattered 
with mud. 

(6) V, To take up commons at a 
college, without immediately 
paying for them. Skinner de> 
rives it from the Dutch hetaaleitt 
to pay, a term which appears lo 
have been formed from the an- 
cient manner of keeping accounts 
by tallies^ or tale. 

Eat my commons with a good stomach, 
and battled with discretion. 

Puritan^ ii, p. 543. 

Battled, part, p. E mbattled. 

Battledore, ». (1) A hornbook, 
and hence no doubt arose the 
phrase "to know a B from a 
battledoor," implyiBg a very 




slight degree of learning, or the 

being hardly able to distinguish 

one thing from another. It is 

sometimes found in early printed 

works, as if it should be thus 

written, " to know A. B. from a 


Yon shall not neede to buy bookes; no, 
Bconie to distinguish a B.from a battle' 
doore; onely looke that your eares be 
loj}^ eaough to reach our radiments, 
and you are made for ever. 

GuU Home-booke, 1609, p. 3. 

(2) A flat wooden implement, 
with a slit at one end for the 
hand, used in mending thatch, 
to push the ends of the new 
straw under the old thatch. 

Battledorc-barlet, 8, A kind of 
barley, said to be so called " from 
the flatness of the ear." Aubrey's 

Battler, s. (1) A small bat to 
play at ball. 

(2) An Oxford student ; properly 
one who pays for nothing but 
what he calls for, answering 
nearly to a sizar at Cambridge. 

Battle- ROYA L, «. A fight between 
several cocks, where the one that 
stands longest is the victor. 

Battles, s. Commons or board. 

Battlet, 1 «. A kind of 

batling-staff, \ flat wooden 

BEETLE, J mallet used to 

beat linen with, in order to 

whiten it. See Batler. 

Battletwig, s. An earwig. Mid- 
land Counties and North, 

Battling-stone, s, a large 
smooth-faced stone, set in a slop- 
ing position by the side of a 
stream, on which washerwomen 
beat their linen. North, 

Battologist, 8. (Gr.) One who 
constantly repeats the same thing. 

Battologize, v. To repeat con- 
tinually the same thing. 

Battglcgy, 8. {Gr. (3aTTo\oyia.) 

The frequent repetition of the 

same thing. 
Battom, 8, A narrow board, the 

full breadth of the tree from 

which it is sawn. North, 
Batton, *.(/>.) (1) A club or 

weapon. ' 

(2) Strong, broad, fencing rails. 

(3) Doors made by the boards 
being nailed to rails or bars are 
called batton- doors f\n contradis- 
tinction to such as are panelled. 

(4) Narrow deals with which the 
best floors are laid. 

Battril, 8. A bathing-staff. Lane. 

Battry, 8. A copper or brass 
wide-mouthed vessel, not riveted 
together, as plates of metal are 
in larger vessels, but hammered 
or battered into union, as tea- 
kettles, &c., are. 

Batts, 8. (1) Low, flat grounds 
adjoining rivers ; sometimes, 
islands in rivers. North. 
(2) Short ridges. Wight. 

Batty, adj. (1) Belonging to a 
bat ; in the manner of bats. 
(2) A term applied to coal. See 

Batwell, 8. A wicker strainer to 
put over the spigot in the mash- 
vat, to prevent the grains from 
passing through. Leic, 

Batyn, v. To make debate. Pr. P. 

Baubbe, 8. A copper coin, of 
about the value of a halfpenny. 

Baubery, 8. A squabble ; a brawl. 
Far. dial. See Bobbery. 

Baud, (1) s. (A.-N) A procurer, 
procuress, or keeper of a brothel, 
or any one employed in bad ser- 
vices in this line, whether male 
or female. 

(2) 8. A badger. 

(3) adj. Bold, 

Baude, adj. {A -N.) Joyous. 
Bauderie, 8. Pimping. 
Baudkin, 8. {A.'N. baudequin.) A 
rich and precious sort of stuff, 





said to have been composed of 
silk, interwoven with threads of 
gold in a most sumptuous 

For cloth of eold, or tinsel fltpirie, 
For bauUkin, broydrie cutwdrks, or conceits, 
He set the Bhippes of merchantmen on 
worke. Geucoigne, Steele Glaste, v. 786. 

Baodrick,-) See SaHno*. 


Baudry, «. Bad language. Skelton, 

Baudy» adj, (A.'N.) Dirty. 

Baudy-basket, «. A cant term 
for a profligate woman. 

Bauffe, v. To belch. 

Baufrey, s. a beam. 

Bauf-wbek,«. Among the pitmen 
of Durham seems to mean the 
week in which they are not paid, 
they being paid fortnightly. 
Hone*8 Table Book, 1, 654. 

Bauger, a(^. Bald; barbarous; 

Than brought he forth another byll, 
conteynine the said sentence ; and tbat 
also he redde in his bauger Latine. 

Bale, Sir J. Oldcastell. 

Baugh, (1) 8, A pudding made 
with milk and flour only. Chesh, 
(2) V, To bark. 

Baughling, 8. Wrangling. Cumb. 

Baulchin, 8. An unfledged bird. 

Baulk, v. To overlook or pass by 
a hare in her form without see- 
ing her. 

Baulky, adj. A term applied to 
earth which digs up in clots. 

Baulme-mint, 8, Water mint 

Baulter, V, To curl. 

Baun-cock, 8, A game cock. 

Baunsey,*. a badger. Prompt. P. 

Baurghwtan, ». A horse-collar. 

Bause, v. To kiss. See Base. 

Bauson, adj. Swelled; pendant. 



BAWSTONB, y», A badger* 




Bautert, adj. Encrusted with 
dirt. North, 

Baux-hound, 8. A kind of hunt- 
ing dog. 

Bavaroy, 8, (/v.) A kind of cloak 
or surtout. 

Let the loop'd bavaroy the fop embrace. 

Or kia deep cloke be spatterd o'er with 

lace. Gay. 

Bavbn, If. A brush faggot, pro- 
bavin, J perly bound vnth only 
one withe, a faggot being bouud 
with two. 

Bavins will have their flashes, and yonth 
their fancies, the one as soon quenched 
as the other is burnt. 

Mother BombiCy 1594. 

With coals and with hantUf and a good 
M'arm chair. Old Song. 

The skipping king, he ambled up and down 
With shallow jesters and rash hamn wits 
Soon kindled and soon burnt. 

1 Hen. IT, iii, 3. 

(2) 8. A bundle of small wood. 

Bayens, 8, A kind of cake. 

Bavere, «. Bavaria. 

Bavian, 8. A baboon, or monkey ; 
an occasional, but not a regular 
character in the old Morris dance. 

Bavier, 8, {A.^N.) The beaver of 
a helmet. 

Bavin, 8. Impure limestone. 

Bavisenesse, 8. (A.'N.) Mockery. 

Bayish, V. To drive away. East, 

Baw. (1) An interjection of con- 

(2) 8. A boy. East, 

(3) 8, A ball. North. 

(4) 8, A dumpling. Lane, 

(5) V. To bark. See Bough, 

(6) V, Alvum levare. Lane, 

, BA.WATY,*. Lindsey-wolsey. Aor/A. 




Bawcock, 8. (conjectured to be 
a corruption of the Fr. beau cog.) 
A burlesque word of endearment. 

Why that's my baweock. What has 
smutch'd thy nose ? 

Shakesp., W. Tale, i, 2. 

At a later period the word baW' 

cock was used to signify a rogue. 

Bawd, (1) s. The outer covering 

of a walnut. Somerset. See Bad. 

(2) pret. t. Bawled. Yorksh, 

(3) 8. A hare. A word used 
chiefly in Scotland. 

Bawder, V, To scold grumblingly. 

Bawe, 8. A species of worm for- 
merly used as a bait for fishing. 

Bawe-line, 8. The bowling of a 
sail ; that rope which is fastened 
to the middle part of the outside 
of a sail. 

Bawer, 8. A maker of balls. Staf- 

Bawk, (1) v. To relinquish. 

How? let her go? hy no means, sir. 
It shall never be read in chronicle, that 
sir Arther Addel (my renuwDed friend) 
hatok'd a mistress for fear of rivals. 

Caryl, Sir Salomon, 1691. 

(2) 8. A balk in ploughing. 

(3) 8. A beam. Bawk-hertf the 
height of the beam. Cumb, 

Baw, 8. A bow. 

Bawker, 8, A sort of sand-stone 

used for whetting scythes. SO' 

merset. See Balker. 
Bawks, 8. A hay-loft. Cumb. 
Bawlin, adj. Big ; large. 
Bawm, V. To daub. "He bawmed 

and slawmed it all over mortar 

and wash." 

"b'a'me'JCI) {A..N.) Balm. 

(2) V. To embalm. 

(3) V. To address; to adorn. 

Bawmyn,*. Balsam. Prompt. P. 
Bawn, (1) *. An inclosed yard, 
especially of b small castle* 


Tliese ronnd hills and square lawns^ 
which you see so strongly trenched and 
thrown up. were at first ordained that 
people might assemble themselves 
therein. Spenser' 9 State of Ireland. 

(2) adj. Ready ; going. North. 

Bawnd, adj. Swollen. East. 

Bawndonly, adv. {A.-N.) Cheer- 

Bawrell, 8, (A.'N.) A kind of 
hawk. The male bird was 
called a bawret. 

Bawse, v. To scream. 

Bawsen, adj. Burst. Derby sh. 

Bawshere, 8. A corruption of 

Bawsin, 1(1)*. An imperious 
bawson, j noisy fellow. North, 

Peace, you fat bawson, peace. 

Liugtta, 0. PL, v. 232. 

(2) adj. Great; large; unwieldy; 
swelled. Coles has "a great 
bawsiuj ventrosus." 

(3) 8. A badger. See Bauson. 
Bawsand, \ad/. Streaked with 

BAWSONT, J white upon the face: 

a term applied only to horses 

and cattle. 
Bawstone,*. Abadger. Prompt.P, 
Bawt, (1) prep. Without. Yorksh. 

(2) V. To roar ; to cry. North. 
Bawy, 8. A l)oy. 
Baxter, ». (1) A baker. See 


(2) An implement for baking 

cakes, common in old houses. 

Bay, (1) *. A berry. 

(2) A high pond-head to keep 
in the water, for driving the 
wheels of the furnace or hammer 
belonging to an iron mill. Blount. 
Tn Dorsetshire, any bank across 
a stream is called a bay. Cotgrave 
mentions " a bay of land." 

(3) 8. The space between the 
main beams in a barn. Nor- 

(4) ». A pfmcvpaV coxw^wVwv^t^. 
or division in Wie aici\i\\.^^\vvtv\ 




arrangement of abuthling.inarked 
either by the buttresses on the 
walls, by the disposition of the 
main ribs of the vaulting of the 
interior, by the main arches and 
pillars, the principals of the roof, 
or by any other leading features 
that separate it into correspond- 
ing portions. The word is some- 
times used for the space be- 
tween the muUions of a window. 
Houses were estimated by the 
number of bays : 

If this law bold in Vienna ten years, 
I'll rent tlie fairest house in it, after 
tliree-pence a bay. Meas.for 3f., ii, 1. 

Of one baye*9 breadth, God wot, a silly 

Whose thatclied spars arc furr'd with 

sluttish soote. Uall, Sat., v, 1. 

As t term among builders, it 
also signified every space left in 
the wail, whether for door, win- 
dow, or chimney. 

(5) «. A pole; a stake. 

(6) V. To bathe. Spenser, 

(7) «. A boy. 

(8) adj. Round. Gaw, 

(D) V. {A.'S. bugan.) To bend. 

(10) V, To bark. Mioge, 

(11) w. To open the mouth 
entreatingly for food, like ayoung 
child. Hollyband. 

(12) s. The nest of a squirrel. 

(13) ». A hole in a breast-work 
to receive the mouth of a cannon. 

(14) V, To uulodge a martern. 

(15) r. To bleat. 

Bayard, s. {A,-N.) Properly a bay 
horse, but often applied to a 
horse in general. " As bold as 
blind bayard," is an old proverb. 

Bav-berry, *. The fruit of the 

B/icra laiiri. haj^v6K0KKOit Telagonio. 
Gvuin dc Jaurier. A bnuberry. 

Bat-duck, «. A shell-dnck. EoH* 
Bayb, adj, {J.'S.) Both. 

Into the chaumber go we bt^e. 
Among the maidens for to playe. 

Ojf of Warlike, p. 108. 

Bayen, r. To bay; to bark; to 

Bayes, s. Baize. 

Bayl£, 8. A bailiff. 

Baylek, s. a bucket. 

Bayly, *. (A.-N,) Authority; any- 
thing given in charge to a bailiff 
or guard. 

Baylyd, part. p. Boiled. 

Bayn, *. {A.-S, bana.) A mur- 

Baynyd, part p. Shelled for 
table, as beans, &c. Prompt, P. 

Bayte, v. {A.'S,) To avail; to 
be useful ; to apply to any use. 

Baythe, v. To grant. Gaw. 

Bayting, 8, A chastisement. 

Bay'-window, *. A large window ; 
supposed to derive this name 
from its occupying the whole 
bay. It usually projected out- 
wards, in a rectangular or poly- 
gonal form, or sometimes semi- 
circular, from whence the cor- 
rupted form bow-window arose. 

Bay-yarn, a. Another name for 

Bayyd, adj\ Of a bay colour. 
Prompt. P, 

Bazans, «. A sort of leather 
boots, mentioned by Mat. Paris. 

Baze, v. To alarm. North. 

Be, {Vjprep. (A.-S.) By. 

(2) part. p. Been. In the prov. 
dialects, be is often used as the 
pres. k of the verb. 

(3) Bct bit or by^ is used as a 
common prefix to verbs, generally 
conveying an intensative power. 
{i)s.{A.-S.) A jewel or ring. See i 

Beace, ». (1) Cattle. North, 

(2) A cow-stall. Yorksh, 
Beached, adj. Exposed to the 




Bead, 1 *. (J.-S.) A prayer, from 

, la. {A.. 
s, J bid, to 

BEDE, j Ota, to pray. 

A paire of bedis eke she bere 
UlK)n a lacc; al ot white threde, 
Ou which that she her hedit hede. 

Bomaunt oftkt Bote, L 7373. 
Bring the lioly water hither, 
Let us wash and pray together : 
Wlien our beads are thus united, 
Then the foe will fly affrighted. 

Herriek, p. 385. 

Small round balls, stringed to- 
gether, and hung from the neck, 
assisted the Romish devotees in 
counting the number of prayers, 
or paternosters, they said, and 
consisted of thirty, or twice thirty, 
single beads. Next to every tenth 
bead was one larger, and more 
embellished, than the rest ; these 
were called gaudes^ and are men- 
tioned by Chaucer : 

Of smal coral aboute hire arme sche baar, 
A peire of btdes^ gaudid al with grene. 

Cant. T., 1. 158. 

From this practice origiiiated the 
name of beads as applied to per- 
sonal ornaments. 

Bead-cuffs,«. Small ruffles. Miege, 

Bead-faring, 8. Pilgrimage. 

Bead-house, s. A dwelling-place 
for poor religious persons, who 
were to pray for the soul of the 

Beadle, s, {A,'S, badal, bydel.) 
A crier or messenger of a court ; 
the keeper of a prison or house 
of correction ; an under-bailiff. 

Bead-roll, 1 s. Originally a list of 
BED-ROLL, j the benefactors to a 
monastery, whose names were to 
be mentioned in the prayers; more 
generally, a list of prayers and 
church services, and such priests 
as were to perform them ; also, 
an inventory. 

And bellow forth against the gods them- 
A bed-roll of outrageous blasphemies. 

Old PL, u, 251. 

Or tedious bead-rolls of descended blood, 
From father Juphet since Dcncnlion's flood. 

Jfjf. Hall, Sat., i\', S. 

Then Wakefleld battle next we in our 
bedrotU bring. Drayton, Tolyolb., 22. 

Tis a dead world, no stirring, he hath 

Behearseth up a bead-rowle of his losses. 
Rowlands, Knave of Harts, 1618. 

Beadsman, s. One who prays for 
another; and hence, being used 
as a common compliment from 
one person to another, it was at 
length used almost in the sense 
of servant. 

Beadswoman, 8. A woman who 
prays for another person. 

Beak, (1) o. To bask in the heat. 

(2) 8. An iron over the fire, in 
which boilers are hung. Yorksh. 

(3) V. To wipe the beak, a term 
in hawking. 

(4) V. A term in cockfighting. 

(5) *. The nose of a horse. 

(6) 8. The point of a shoe, in the 
costume of the 14th cent. 

Beak ER, 8. ( Germ, becher.) A large 

drinking vessel ; a tumbler-glass. 

Another bowle, I doe not like this cup. 
You slave, what linnen hast thou brought 

us here ? 
Pill me a beaker, looke it be good beere. 

Rowlands, Knave ^ Harts, 1613. 

Beakirox,«. An instrument of iron 

used by blacksmiths. 
Beakment, 8. A measure of about 

the quarter of a peck. Newcastle. 
Beal, (1)0. To roar out (for bawl). 


(2) V. (A.-S.) To suppurate. 

(3) 8. (A.'S.) A boil, or hot in- 
flamed tumour. 

B£alde,o. {A.-S.) To grow in years. 

Ine stat that sacrament ine man, 
Wanne 5e ine Go<1e l)vuldeth. 

William de Skoreham. 

Bealing, 8. Big with child. 

Bealt£, 8. {A.-N.) Beauty. 

Beam, (1) 8. {A.'S.) Misfortune. 

Rob. Glouc. 

(2) V. To put water in a tub, to 

Slop the leaking b^ v«^YCvci^W\^ 

wood. .A'ort/i. . 




(3) ». A band of straw. Devon, 

(4) 8, The shaft of a chariot. 
Holinsh.f Hist, of Eng.^ p. 26. 

(5) 8. A kind of ^ax-candle. 

(6) 8, The third and fourth 
branches of a stag's horn were 
called the beamSf or beam' 

(7) «. A part of a plough. 

The beam is perpendicularly above the 
spit, and connected with it; first, by 
the plough handle, or by the lower part 
of that piece of timber wliich terminates 
in the handle. The size of this piece is 
equal to the beam at that end or it, and 
both the beam and the spit are strongly 
morticed into it. Above the beam it is 
continued in a sweep the length of 5 
feet from the bottom ; the highest part 
of the sweep beingS feet from tlie ground 
line, or bottom of the spit. 

(8) 8. (J.-S,) A trumpet. 

(9) s. The rafter of a roof. 

Beame of a rouffe, not beyng inbowed or 
fretted. Laquear. HuloH. 

Beam, 1 Bohemia. 

Beamelino, 8. A small ray of 

Beam-feathers, s. The long fea- 
thers in the wings or tail of a 

BEAMFUL,a((;. Luminous. Drayton. 

Beaming-knife, s. A tanner's in- 
strument, mentioned by Pals- 

Beam-rinole, 8, A moveable iron 
ring on the beam of a wheel- 
plough, by which the plough is 
regulated. Norfolk. 

Beamy, adj. Built with beams. 

Bean,«. The old method of choos- 
ing king and queen on Twelfth 
Day, was by having a bean and 
a pea mixed up in the composi- 
tion of the cake. They who 
found these in their portion of 
cake, Were constituted king and 
queen for the evening. — " Three 
blue beans in a blue bladder" is 
an old phrase, the meaning of 
which is not very clear. 

F. Hark does't rattle? 
S. Yea, like three blue beans in a iUti 
bladder, rattle, bladder, rattle. 

Old Fortunattu, Arte. Dr., iii, p. 128. 

They say — 
That putting all his words together, 
'Tis three blue beans in one bine bladder. 
Prior, Alma, Cant. I, t. 25. 

Bean-bellies, s. An old nick -name 
for the natives of Leicestershire. 

Bean-cod, s, A small iSshing vesseL 

Bbane, adj. Obedient. 

BsANED, adj. A beaned horse, one 
that has a pebble put under its 
lame foot, to make it appear sound 
and firm. 

Beanhblm, 8, The stalks of beans. 

Bear, (1) ». A kind of barley. 

(2) «. A noise. See Bere, 

(3) 8. A tool used to cut sedge 
and rushes in the fens. Norf. 

(4) The V, bear is used in several 

curious old phrases. To bear a 

bob, to make one among many, 

to lend a helping hand. 7b bear 

in or on hand, to persuade, to keep 

in expectation, to accuse. 

She knowynge that peijurye was no 
greatter offence than advoutry. with 
wepyn^e and swerynge defended htr 
honestie; and bare her husbande on 
hande, that they feyned those tales for 
en%7e that they ha'dde to se them lyve 
80 quietly. 

Tales ^ (^uKclce Answers, 

To bear a brain, to exert atten- 
tion, ingenuity, or memory. 

But still take you heed, have a vigilant 

— Well, sir, let me alone, I'll bear a brain. 
All Fools, 0. PI., iv, 177. 

To bear low, to behave oneself 
h\xmh\y. Palsgrave, " I beare one 
wronge in hande, ie iottche." Ibid, 
To bear out a man, to defend one. 
Ibid. Bear one company, i.e., 
keep one company. Ibid, Beare 
one bold, i. e., to set at defiance. 
*'Theyknowe well they do agaynst 
the lawe, but they beare them 
bolde of theire lordeand mavster." 


Ibid. To ylaif the bear trt'M, to 




injure or disadvantage any one. 
"A wet season will play the bear 
with mc" Northampt, 

Bearable, adj. Supportable. 

Bear-awat, v. To learn. PaUg. 

Bearbind, s, a species of bind- 
weed. North. 

Beard, (1) 9. To oppose face to 

(2) To make one's beardf to de- 
ceive a person. 

(3) V, To trim a hedge. Shropsh* 

(4) «. An ear of corn. Huloet. 

(5) 8. The coarser parts of a joint 
of meat. 

(6) 8. The bad portions of a fleece 
of wool. 

Beard-hedge, 1«. The bushes 
beardings, /stuck into the 
bank of a new-made hedge, to 
protect the plants. Chesh, 

Beard-tree, 8. The hazel. 

Bearer, 8. A farthingale. 

Bearers, 8. The persons who carry 
a corpse to the grave. 

The searchers of each corps good gainers be, 
The bearers have a profitable fee. 

Taylot't Worket, 1630. 

Bear-flt, 8. An insect. Bacon. 
Bear-garden, «. A favorite place 

of amusement in the time of 

Elizabeth, and frequently alluded 

to iu works of that period. 
Bear-herd, 8. The keeper of a 

Bearing, «. (1) A term at the 

games of Irish and backgammon. 

(2) A term in coursing, giving 

the hare the go-by. 
Bearing-arrow, 8, An arrow that 

carries well. 
Bearing- CLAWS, «. The foremost 

toes of a cock. 
Bearing-cloth, s. The fine mantle 

or cloth with which a child was 

covered when it was carried to 

church to be baptized. 
Bearing-dishes, 8. Solid, sub- 
. stantial dishes ; portly viands. J 

Bbaring-of-the-book, 8. A term 
among the old players for the 
duties of the prompter. 

Bearing-out, 8. Personal carriage. 
" Great bearyng out, /7or^." Pals- 

Bear-leap, s. A large osier basket 
to carry chaff out of a barn, borne 
between two men. See Barlep, 

Bear-mouths, s. Subterraneous 
passages to coal mines. North. 

Bearn, 8. (1) A barn. East. 

(2) A child. North. 

(3) Wood. Coles. 
Bearsbreech, 8. The name of a 


Bears'-college, «. A jocular term 
used by Ben Jonson for the bear 

Bear's-ear, 8, The early red auri- 
cula, called in Latin, according to 
Gerard, Auricula Ursi, and in 
French, Oreille d'Ours, 

Bear's-foot, 8, A species of helle- 

Bear- STONE, s. A large stone mor- 
tar, formerly used for unhusking 

Bearswort, 8. The name of a 

Bearward, 8. The keeper of a 

What a bragkyng maketh a hearetoard 
vrith his sylver buttened bawdrike, for 
pride of another mannes here. 

Sir T. More. 

Bear-worm, s. The palmer- worm. 
Beas, Cows ; cattle. North. 
Beasel, 8. The part of a ring in 

which the stone is set. See Basil. 
Beassh, V, To defile. Palsgr. 
Beast, 8. (1) A game at cards, 

similar to our game of loo. 

(2) A measure. Wardrobe Ac- 
counts of Edw. /F, p. 129. 

(3) An animal of the beeve kind 
in a fatting state. East. 

Beastial, 8. {A.-N.) Cattle. 
Beasting, 8, A flogging. Lanc^ 
See Baste, 




Beastings, ^ 8. (A.'S. bystyng.) 
BBAST-MiLK, { The fifst Diilkgiven 
BBESTLiNOSy Vby a cow after her 
BEESTiNOS, I calving. {Byslms 
BESTNIN6, J in Staffordshire.) 

A cow hath no milk ordinnrily, before 
that she hath calved : the first milk that 
she eiveth dowue is called beettins; 
which, uulesse it be delaied with some 
water, will soon tome to be as harde as 
a pumish stone. 

Holland's Pliny, vol. i, p. 348. 

So may the first of all our fells be thine, 
And both the heestning of our goats and 
As thou our folds dost still secure. 
And keep'st our fountains sweet and pure. 
Ben Jonton, Hymn to Fan, vi, 177. 

Beastle, 9. To defile. Somerset, 

Beastliness, s. Stupidity. 

He both cursed the time that he obeyed 
the king's letter to come to him, seeing 

Eromises had been doubly broken with 
im, and also accused himself of great 
beastliness, by the which these mischiefs 
were suffered to spring. 

Howes Correspondence, 1588. 

Beat, (1) v. To make a noise at 
rutting time, said of hares and 

(2) V, To search. A sporting 

(3) V, (J..S,) To mend. East. 

(4) 8. Peat. Devon, 

(5) V. To hammer with one's 
thoughts on a particalar subject. 

(6) *. A blow. 
Beat-away,©. To excavate. North, 
Beate, \ V. (A.-S.) To excite, kin- 

BETE, J die, or make to burn. 

Thy temple wol I worship evermo^ 
And ou thin auter, wher I ride or go, 
I wol don sacrifice, and fires befe. 

Chaueer, Knighte's Tale, Tyrwhitt. 

And in a bathe they gonne hire faste shet- 

And night and day gret fire they under 

betlen. Second Nonne*s Tale. 

Beate burning, s. An agricultural 

device, used particularly in the 

West. See Denshermg, 

About May, they cut up alle the grasse 
of that ground, which la to be broken 

up, in turfcB ; which th^ caD heafhff. 
Tnese turfes they raise up somewhat in 
the midst, that the wind and the anone 
may the sooner drie them. After they 
liave been thoroughly dried, the hus- 
bundman pileth them in little heaps, 
provincially called beat-burroves, and 
so burnetii them to ashes. 

Carew't Survey ofComwaU, 

Beatem, 8. A conqueror. Yorkah. 

Beaten, adj. Trite. 

Beater, 8, A wooden mallet. 

Beaters, 8. The boards projecting 
from the inside circumference of 
a chum to beat the milk. 

Beath, v. {A,-S.) To dry by ex- 
posure to the fife. 

Yokes, forks, and such other, let bailiff spy 

And gather the same as he walketh about : 
And after, at leisure, let this be hia hire. 
To beath them, and trim them at home by 

the fier. Tussei's Husbandry. 

Beatillbs, 8,pL (from Fr, abtittis.) 

Beating, (I) 8. Walking or hur- 
rying about. West. 
(2) A row of corn laid on the 
barn>fioor for thrashing. Notf. 

Bbatment, s. a measure. North, 

Bbatour, adv. Round about. 

BBAT-ouT,jPflr/./?. Puzzled. Essex, 

Beatworld.o^v. Beyond controul. 

Beau, adj. (Fr.) Fair; good. 

Beaufet, 8. (A.'N.) A cupboard 
or niche, with a canopy, at the 
end of a hall; a cupboard, where 
glasses, bowls, &c., are put away. 

Beau-pere, 8, (1) (A.-N.) A friar, 
or priest. 
(2) A companion. Spens. 

Now leading him into a secret shade 

From his beau-feres, and from bright hea- 
ven's view. 

Where him to sleep she gently would 

Or bath him in a fountain by some covert 
glade. ¥. q.. Ill, i, 85. 

Bbaupers, 8, Apparently some, 
kind of cloth. Bi^ok cf Rat^s^ 
p. 26. 




BsAUPLEADER, 8, A Writ that lies 
where the sheriff or bailiff takes 
a fine of a party that he may not 
plead fairly. 

Beautified, adj. Beautiful. Shak, 
Polonius calls it a vile phrase, 
but it was a comroon one in those 
times, particularly in the ad- 
dresses of letters. " To the most 
beautified lady, the Lady Eliza- 
beth Carey," is the address of a 
dedication by Nash. "To the 
most beautified lady, the Lady 
Anne Glemhain," R. L. inscribes 
his " Diella," consisting of poems 
and sonnets, 1596. 

Beautiful, adj. Delicious. 

Beau-traps, 8. Loose pavements 
in the footway, under which dirt 
and water collects, liable to 
splash any one that treads on 
them. Norf. 

Beauty-spot, 8, The patches 
which ladies put on their faces, 
as fashionable ornaments. 

Beauty -water, *. A liquid for- 
merly used by ladies to restore 
' their complexions. 

Beaver, (1) s. {A.-N.) That part 
of the helmet which was moved 
up and down to enable the wearer 
to drink, leaving part of the face 
exposed when up. 
(2) ». The bushes or underwood 
growing out on the ditchless side 
of a single hedge. Dorset. 

Beaver, "i a. {A -N.) A name 
sever, ► formerly given to the 

BEVERAGE, J aftemoou collation, 
and still in use in Essex, Nor- 
thamptonshire, and other parts. 

Drinkinge betwene dinner and supper, 
called beaver. Antecanum. Huloet. 

Betimes in the morninsr they break 
their fast ; at noon they dine ; when the 
day is far Spent they take their beaver; 
late at night they sup. 

Gate o/Languages, 1568. 

CertPS it is not supposed nieete that vi-e 
Bhould now cunteute ouresclves wiih 

breakfast and supper only, as onr elders 
have done before us, nor enough that 
we have added our dinners unto their 
foresaid meales, but we must have 
thereto our beveroffes and reare-suppera, 
BO that smal) time is spared, wherein to 
occupy ourselves uuto any godly exer- 
cise. Description of Scotland', p. 20. 

Be AVERAGE, 8. (A.-N.) Cider 
made after the first squeezing 

Beavbret, 8. A half-beaver hat. 

BKAWTEy prep. Without. Lane. 

Beazled, adj. Fatigued. Svsaea;. 

Beb, v. {Lat. bibo.) To sip; to 
drink. North. A bebber, an im- 
moderate drinker. See Bib, 

Be BASTE, V, To beat. 

Bbbathe, V, To bathe all over. 

The bulls meanwhile each other wounds do 

And gore each others sides, whose bloud 

spurts out, 
Ana luad and shoulders all bebathee nhowt 
Whose bloudy blows tlie echoing wood 

resound. Virgil, by Vicars, 1632 

Beberied, part. p. Buried. 

Bbblast, part. p. Blasted. 

Bebled, part, p. Covered with 

Beblinde, v> To make blind. 

Beblot, v. To stain. 

Bebob, v. To bob ; to bother, or 
mock. See Bob. 

Bebidde, p. To command. 

Bbcalle, v. (A.-S.) (1) To ac- 
cuse; to challenge. 

(2) To abuse ; to censure. West 

(3) To require. Gaw. 
Becasse, *. (/v.) A woodcock. 
Becco, 8. {Ital. becco.) A cuckold. 

Duke, thou art a becco, a comuto. 
P. How? M. Tliou art a cuckold. 
Malcontent, 0. FL, iv, 2u 

Bechatted, part, p. Bewitched. 

Beche, *. (A.-S.) A beech-tree. 
Becher, 8. {A.-S.) A betrayer. 

Love is becher and les, 

And lef for to tele. MS. Digby, 86. 

Beck, (1) *. (A.-S. becc.) A rivu- 
let or small brook. 




(2) 8. A constable. 

(3) V, To nod ; to beckon. 

• Tlnu here I vow, 
By my beloved brothers Stycian slow, 
By all those pichy flouds and banks most 

Whereat he beckl, and with a thunder- 
Olympus totall frame extreamly trembled. 
Virgil, by FtcflW,ie82. 

(4)». A bow, a salutation. A beck 
was a bend of tbe knee as well as 
a nod of the head. 
(5) The beak of a bird. " Sho 
with a longe becJce^ Soulier apoti- 
laine." Palsgrave, 

I'm none of these same cringing tilings 

that stoops, 
Just like a tumbler when he vaults through 

Or daw or mngpy, when at first it pecks, 
A.lteinate]y their tails above their leclrs. 

Flecknoe's Epigrams, 1670- 

Becker, s. A wooden dish. Nor- 

Becket, 8. (1) A spade used in dig- 
ging turf. East, 
(2) A mantelpiece. Northampt. 

Beckets, 8. A kind of fastening; 
a place of security for any kind of 
tackle on board a ship. 

Beck-stans, s. Literally, brook- 
stones; the strand of a rapid river. 

Beclappe, v. (A.'S.) To catch. 

Beclarted, adj^ Besmeared ; be- 
daubed. North. 

Bbclippb, v. (1) To curdle. MauU" 
(2) To embrace. 

Becomes, s. Best clothes. East, 

Becought, J3ar^. /?. {A.-S.) Seized; 

Becrike, s. a kind of oath. North, 

Becripple, v. To make lame, 

Becurl, r. (1) To bend in a curve. 
(2) To curl all over. 

Bed, (1) V. A roe is said to bed 
when she lodges in a particular 
place. Diet. Rust. 
(2) *. A horizontal vein of ore in 
a mine. Derbysh, 

(3) V, To go to bed with. 

(4) part. p. of bidde. Offered ; 
prayed; commanded. Langtqft, 

(5) 8. A fleshy piece of beef cut 
from the upper part of the leg 
and bottom of the belly. East, 

(6) 8. The uterus of an animal. 

(7) Getting out the torong side qf 
the bed, a phrase applied to a 
person who is peevish and ill- 

(8) A bed of snakes is a knot of 
young ones. 

(9) 8. The under side of a wrought 
stone, in masonry. 

(10) 8. The horizontal base of 
stone inserted in a wall. 

(11) 8, The body of a cart or 
waggon. Northampt, 

Bedaffe, V, {J.-S.) To make a 

fool of. 

Tlien are you blind, dull-witted, and bedtrfl. 

North's Pint., p. 105, 

Bedagle, V, To dirty. 

Bed-ale, s. Groaning ale, brewed 
for a christening. Devon. 

Bedare, v. To dare ; to defy. 

Bedasshed,* j^arf. p. Covered; 

Bedawe, V, To ridicule. Skelton, 

Bedde, (1) 8, A bedfellow, hus- 
band or wife. 
(2) V. To bed ; to put to bed. 

Bedder, "l «. The under-stone 
bkdetter, J of an oil-milL 

Bedder, 1 ^ ^^ upholsterer. 


Beddern, *. A refectory. 
Beddy, adj. Greedy; officious. 

Bede, r. (1) (A.'S.) To pray. 

That thou wolt save thi moder and me, 
Thi prey ere now I graunte the 
Of that thou bide before. 

Eyng of Tarsal, iia, 

(2) To proffer. 

A ring Ysonde him bede 
To tokeuiiig at that tide : 

He fleighe forth in gret drede. 
In wode him for to hHc. 

Sir Trislrem, iii, S8. 




(3) V. To order ; to bid. 

(4) s, A prayer. 

(5) «. A commandment. 

(6) «. Prohibition. 

(7) pret t, of bide. Dwelt; 

Bedeaded, pret. p. Slain ; made 

dead ; deadened. 
Bedirbt, part, p. Dirtied. North. 
Bedehouse, 8. See Bead. 
Bedel, 8. A servitor ; a bailiff. See 

Bbdelrt, 8, The jurisdiction of a 

Bedenb, adv. (A.-S.) Immedi- 
ately ; at once ; continuously ; 

Bederke, v. To darken. 
Bedevil, v. To spoil. South. 
Bedeviled, part. p. Rendered 

like a devil; become very wicked. 
Bedew, v. To wet. 
Bed-fa660t, 8. A contemptuous 

term for a bedfellow. East. 
Bbdferb, 1 «. (A.-S.) A bed- 

bedpheere, J fellow. 
Bedgatt, 8. Command? Morte 

Bedioht, part. p. Decked out ; 


Her weapons are the javelin, and the bow. 
Her garments angell like, of virgin-white. 
And tuckt aloft, her falling skirt below 
Her buskin meetes: buckled with silver 

briglit : 
Her haire behind her, like a cloake doth 

Some tuckt in roiiles, some loose with 

flowers bedigkt : 
Her silken vaiies play round about her 

Her golden quiver fals athwart her backe. 
Oreat Bntaines TroyCy 1609. 

Bedizen, v. To dress out. . 

No ; here's Diana, who as I shall le- 
dizen, shall pass for as substantial an 
alderman's heiress as ever fell into 
wicked hands. 

Mrs. Behn, City Heiress, 1682. 

Bed-joints, «. Joints in the beds 

of rocks. Derby sh. 
Bedlam covtslip, 8. The paiglci 

or larger cowslip. Northampt, 

Bedlamite, 8. A person who, 
having been put into Bethlehem 
as insane, had, after a due time 
of trial, been discharged though 
not perfectly cured. Not being 
mischievous or dangerous, they 
were afterwards suffered to go at 
large ; and the public took much 
interest in their wild and extra- 
vagant sayings and deeds. Male 
bedlamites were all Toms, and 
Poor Toms; and the females 
Bettys and Bess ; and all, in addi. 
tion to lunacy, were afflicted with 
loathsome bodily diseases. It was 
one of the most popular plans of 
vagrant mendicity; and thecoun- 
try was filled with bedlams and 
bedlamites^ or Tom of Bedlams^ 
as they were indifferently called. 

Every drunkard is so farre estranged 
from himselfe, that as one in an extasie 
of mind, or rather, in a playne phreuzy, 
he may not be said to be sui animi 
compos, or a man of sounde wit, but 
rather, a very bedlem, or much worse. 
Stubbes's Anatomie of Abuses, p. 123, 

Alas ! thou vaunt'st thy sober sense in vain. 
In \X\t»t'^wxBedXamxtes thy self survey. 
Thy self, less innocently mad than they. 

FitzgeraXd^s PoemSy 1781. 

Till the breaking out of the civili warres, 
Tom o* Bedlams did travel about the 
country. Tiieyhad been once distracted 
men that had been put into Bedlam, 
where recovering to some sobemesse, 
they were licentiated to goe a begging. 
They had on their left arm an armilla of 
tin, about four inches long : they could 
not get it oflf. Tliey wore about their 
necks a great horn of an ox in a string 
or bawdrirk, which when they came to 
a house for alms they did wind ; and 
they did put the drinke given them into 
this horn ; whereto they did put a stop- 

Sle. Since the warres I doe not remem> 
er to have seen any one of them. 

Aubrey, Nat. Hist, of Wilts. 

Bbdlawyr, 8. A bed-ridden per- 
son. Prompt. Part. 

Bedmate, 8. A bedfellow. 

Bed-minion, s. A bardash. 

Bbdoled, part. p. Stupified with 
pain. Devon. 

Bedolve, v. To dig. 

BED 188 


Bedone, part. p. Wrought ; made 

Bedote, v. To make to dote ; to 

Bedoutb, part, p. Redoubted. 
Bed-phere, 8. Bedfellow. 

And I must have mine ears banquetted 
with pleasant and witty conferences, 
pretty girls, scoffs, and dalliance, in her 
that I mean to chuse for my bed-pheere. 
B. JoiM.y Epiocene, ii> 6. 

Bedpressbr, s, a dull heavy 

Bedrabtled, part, p. Dirtied; 

BEDRED,/>arf. j». (1) Dreaded. 
(2) Bedridden. 

Bedreinte, part, p. Drenched; 

Bedrepes, 8, Days of work per- 
formed in harvest time by the 
customary tenants, at the bidding 
of their lords. 

Bed-roll, «. A catalogue. See 

Bedrop, v. To sprinkle ; to spot. 

Beds, s. The game of hop-scotch. 

Beds-foot, «. The plant mastic. 

Bedstettle, 8. A bedstead. Essex. 

Bedstaff, 8. A wooden pin stuck 
formerly on the sides of the bed- 
stead to keep the clothes from 
slipping on either side. 

Bed-suster, 8. One who shares 
the bed of the husband ; the con- 
cubine of a married man in re- 
lation to the legitimate wife. Rob. 

Bedswerver, 8. An adultress. 

Bed-tye, 8. Bed-tick. West. 

Beduele, ». (-^^.-5. edwelian.) To 

Our angels ells thai him lete 
Our Godis sune ells thai him helde 
For he cuthemake the men bedutlde. 
Cursor Mundi, MS. tdinb.,i. 129. 

Bedusk, V. To smudge, darken the 
colour of. 

Bedward, adv. Towards bed. 
Bedwarf, v. To make little. 
Bedwen, «. A birch tree. 
Bedtner, 8. An officer. 

Lyare wes mi latymer, 
Sleuthe ant slep mi bedyner. 


Bee. To have bees in the headt 
to be choleric ; to be restless. 

But, Wyll, my maister hath bees in his 

If he find mcc heare pratinge, lara but 

deade. Damon and Pith , 0. PL, i, 180. 

If he meet but a carman in the street, 
and I find him not tallc to keep hmi off 
on him, he will thistle him and all his 
tunes at overnight in his sleep 1 he has 

B. Jon.y Barth. Fair, i,4. 

To have a bee in the bonnet , to 
be cross ; to be a little crazy. 

Bee, «. A jewel. See Bei^h. 

Bee-band, s. A hoop of iron which 
encircles the hole in the beam 
of a plough where the coulter is 

Bee-bike, s. A nest of wild bees. 

Bee-bird, s. The willow wren. • 

Bee-bread, s. {A.-S.) A viscous 
substance found in the hives of 
bees, supposed to be the ma- 
terial from which the young bees 
are formed. 

Bee-but, ». A bee-hive. Somerset, 

Beechgall, s. a hard knot on the 
leaf of the beech, containing the 
maggot of an insect. 

Bee-drove, s. A great crowd of 
men, or other creatures. East, 

Bbedy, 8. A chicken. 

Beedy's-eyes, 8. The pansy. 

Beef, s. (Fr.) An ox. 

Beef-eaters, s. The yeomen of 
the guard. 

Beefing, s. A bullock fit for 
slaughter. Suffolk. 

Beefwitted. adj. Having no more 
wit than oxen ; heav}'-headedi 




Bee-olub, 9, A substance with 
which bees protect the entrance 
of the hive. 

Fropolia, Plin. Gluten quo alvei sui oras 
conipingunt apes, trpdifl-oAis. Beeplew, 
which tliey make at the entry of the 
hive, to keepe out cold. 

Nomenclator, 1685. 

Bee-hive, *. A wattled straw- 
chair, common among cottagers. 

Beeked, eidj. Covered with dirt. 

Bebl, v. To bellow, applied not 
only to cattle, but to human 
beings. A woman at Nettleham, 
whose only cow had been sold 
by her husband, a noted ringer, 
for the purpose of subscribing 
for a new bell, always used to 
say to him when ringing com- 
menced : " Hark ! how my poor 
cow beels /" They also say when 
any one makes a great noise by 
shouting, "How he beels!'* 

Beeld, (1) *. Shelter. North. See 

(2) V. To build. North. 
Bebldino, 8. A shed for cattle. 

Beele, 8. A kind of pick-axe used 

in separating the ore from the 

Bee-lippen, 8. A bee-hive. 5o- 

Bebn, (1) 8. pi. (A.-S.) Bees. 

{2)8. Property; wealth. Ttisser. 

(3) The plural of the present 
tense of the verb to be. 

(4) adj. Nimble ; clever. Lane. 

(5) ». A withy band. Devon. 
Bebnship, «. Worship; goodness. 
Beent-meed, 8. Help on particular 

occasions. Lancash. 
Beeok, 8. An iron over the fire in 

which boilers, &c., are hung; a 

beak. Yorksh. 
Bker, 8. Force ; might. Chesh. 
Beer-flip, s. A driuk prepared in 

the same way, and with the same 
materials, as *' egg-flip," except- 
ing that a quaii; of strong home- 
brewed beer is substituted for 
the wine ; a glass of gin is some- 
times added, but it is better 

Beer-good, s. Yeast. East. 

Beerhouse, s. An old name for 
an alehouse. 

Beerness, «. A beer-cellar. North. 

Beery, adj. Intoxicated. Warw. 

Bees, (1) Flies. Line. 
(2) 8. pi. Cows. Cumb. 

' ' adj. (A.'S. bysen.) 
Short-sighted; half- 



Wei wostu that hi doth tharinoe. 
Hi fuleth hit up to the chiune, 
Ho sitteth thar so hi bo bisne, 
Tharbi men segget a vorbisne ; 
Baliet habbe that ilke best 
That fuleth his owe nest. 

Hule and Nyi/htingaU, 1. 96. 

Now gylleorys don gode men gye, 
Ryjt gos redles alle behynde, 
Trutlie ys tumyd to trechery. 
For now the bysom ledys the blynde. 
MS. Harl., 5396, f. 24. 

Bee-skip, s. A hive or skip of 

Bees-nest, s. A kind of flax. 

Beesnum. Be they not. West. 

Beesome, 8. A broom with a long 
brush. This word occurs in 
Holly band* 8 Dictionariej 1 593, 
and is still in use for a birch 
broom, though never applied to 
one made of hair. 

Sure 'tis an uncouth sight to see some, 
That sweepe their hall without a beesome. 

Men-Miraclea, 1656. 

Beest, *. The first milk given by 
a cow after calving. See Beastiny. 

Beestaile, *. (A.-N.) Cattle. 

Beet-axe, s. The instrument used 
in beeting ground in denshering. 

Beetiiy, adj. Soft, sticky; in a 




perspiration; withered. Applied 
to meat underdone. Herefordsh, 

Beetle, 8. {A.-S.) A heavy mallet. 
A three-man beetle was one so 
heavy that it required three men 
to manage it, two at the long 
handles and one at the head. 

Beetle-browed, adj. Having 
brows that hang over. 

Beetle-headed, adj. Dull ; 

Beetlestock, 8. The handle of a 

Beetle-ston, 8. The cantharides. 

Beetneed, a. Assistance in the 
hour of distress. North, 

Befet, 8. A buffet ; a blow. 

Bbffing, «. (1) Barking. Line. 
(2) Burning land after it is 
pared. North, 

Befight, v. To contend. 

Bepile, v. To defile. 

Beflay, v. To flay. 

Bkflecke, t;. To spot ; to streak. 

Befoam, v. To cover with foam. 

Befog, v. To obscure. 

When speech is had of these things, 

they are so befogged^ that they cannot 

tell where they are, nor what they say. 

Dent's Pathway to Heaven, p. 323. 

Befon, v. To befall. 

Bkforn, 1 (^..5.) Before. 

BIFOREN, J"^ ^ ^ ' 

The time was once, and may again retorn, 

For ought may happen that hatli been 

beforn. Spens., Shep. K. Mui/, 103. 

The little redbreast to the prickled thorne 

Beturn'd, and sung there as lie had 

befome. Browne's Brit. Fast. 

Bffote, adv. On foot. Pr. P, 

Befrose, part. p. Frozen. 

BEFT,j»re/. t. Struck; beaten. 

Thai wrang thair hend and wep ful sair, 
Als men war carkid al wit car ; 
Apon thair brestes fast tliai beft^ 
And al in God thaimself bileft. 

Cursor Mundi, MS. Edinb., f. 46. 

Befyce, 8. Beau flls, fair son. 
Begab, V, To mock; to deceive, 
Begalowe, v. To out-gallop. 
Begared, /;ar/.j9. Adorned. 

Bbgarrbd, par^^. Defiled; very 
much dirtied. Devon. 

Beg AY, V, To make gay. 

Begayged, part, p. Bewitched. 

Begchis, 8, Bitches. Cov. My8t, 

Begbnbld, 8, A mendicant. P. PI, 

Beggar-my-neighbour,«. A chil- 
dren's game at cards. 

Bbggar's-barm, 8. The froth col- 
lected by running streams in 
ditches, or in puddles by the 
road-side. Northampt, 

Bbggar's-bush, 8. A rendezvous 
for beggars. •* To go by beggar's 
bush,'" to go on the road to ruin. 

Beggar's-buttons, *. The bur- 
dock. Devon, 

Beggar-licb, 18, The plant 
BEGGAR- weed, J clcavcrs ( Ga- 
lium aperine). Northampt, 

Bbggar's-nbbdle, 8. The shep- 
herd's needle. Midi. C, 

Beggar's-velvet, 1 8, The light 

beggar's-bolts, j particles of 

down shaken from a feather-bed, 

and left by a sluttish housemaid 

to collect under it. Eaat, 

Beggary, ae^*. Full of weeds. .Eiflw/. 

Begin, 8. See Biggin, 

Begirdge, v. To grudge. Somerset. 

Beqkot, adj. {A.-N.) Foolish. 

Begkot an bride, 
Eede him at ride 
In the disniale. 

Political SongSy p. SOS. 

BEGLUBD,par.p. Overcome. Lydl^. 
Bego, \part.p. Circumstanced; 
BEGON, J happened to. 

The soudan com that iike tyde. 
And with his wyf he gon to chyde, 
That wo was hire bigon, 

Kyng of Tars, 1. 653. 

Wo was this wrecched wommnn tho bigoon. 

Cant. Tales, 1. 5338. 

Begone, ;oar/.j». Decayed; worn 

out. East. 
BEGOifHE, part. p. Begun. 
Begrave, ». (1) To bury. 

(2) To engrave. 




Begrede, v. {J,'S.) To cry out 

Beorumpled, adj. Displeased. 


Begthen, 9. To buy. 

Also, the forseyd executonrs and atnr- 
nyes hulpyn edefyen and maken liow- 
syng for povre men in a stret clepyd 
I):inely8 lane, and hulpe begthyn and 
purchacyn a place in Wyk yn in susty- 
naunce of tne foresey'd howsyng of 
povre men. Found. Stat, of Saffron 

Walden Almsh., 14C0. 

Beguile, v. To coTer with guile. 

So beguiVd 
With outward honesty, but yet defil'd 
With inward vice. 

Sh.t Rape ofLucr. 

Bbgul, V, To make a gull of; to 


He hath not left a penny in my pnrse : 
Five shillings, not a furthinz more, I had. 
And thus heguld, doth make me almost 
mad. Rotolands, Knave of Clubbs, 1611- 

Bbguth, jvrex. t. Began. 

That bliced bodi to wind thai wald. 
And I leguthe it withuld, 

Suilk strif bitwix us was tare. 
Cursor Mundi, MS. Edinb., f. 40. 

Bkgtngoe, adj. (yif.-5.) Careful. 
Reliq. Antiq., ii, 8. 

Beh, prei. t, of A.-S. bugan. 
Bent; inclined. 

Behad, adj. Circumstanced ; be- 
fallen. " You're sadly hehad** 

'Bkhai.Ti pret. t. Beheld. 

Behalvb, 8. Half; side, or part. 

Behappen, a^v. Perhaps. Shropsh, 

BehatkDj part. p. Hated ; exceed- 
ingly hated. 

Behave, v. To manage or govern, 

in point of behaviour. 

And with such sober and unnoted passion 
He did behave his anger ere *twHs spent. 
As if he had but pruv'd an argument. 

Shakesp., Tim. of A., iii, 5. 

How well my stars behave their influence. 
Davenant's Just Italian. 

Behaviour, «• Representative cha- 

Thus, after greeting, speaks the king of 

In my behaviour, to the majesty, 
The borruw'd majesty of England here. 

^hakesp., K. John, i, 1. 

Bbheard, part. p. Heard. 
B E H el I ED , part, p. Covered. 
Behest, 8. (J^-S.) (1) A promise. 

(2) A command. 
Behete, v. (A.'S.) To promise. 

pret. hehight and behote. 

And for his paines a whistle him behight. 
Spent., F. Q., IV, \i, 6. 

Behbwe, adj. (A.-S.) Coloured. 
B EH I NT, adv. Behind. North. 
Behither, {I) prep. On this side. 

The Italian atthisdaybylikearroarnnce 
caLleth the Frenchman, Spaniard, IHuch, 
English, and all other breed brhither 
their mountaines Apennines, Tniniou- 
tani, as who should say barbarous. 
Puttenh., Art of Eiujl. Poesie, p. 210. 

{2) prep. Except. 

I have not any one thing, behither vice, 
that hath occasioned so much contenijit 
of the clergie, as unwillingness to take 
or keep a poor living Ofeg*s Pref. to 
Herbert, C. Parson, A. 11 b. 

Beholding, adj. Beholden ; ob- 

We anglers are all beholdinq to the good 
man that made this song. Walton's Ang. 

And I shalle thinke myselfe highly 
beholding imto you. 

Bachelor^ 8 Banquet, p. 18. 

Beholdingnbss, 8. Obligation. 

Behoveful, adj. Useful ; profit- 
able ; needful. 

Behounced, adj. Finely dressed ; 
smart with finery. Essex. 

Behove, 8. {A.'S.) Behoof; ad- 

Behovely, adj. Profitable. 

BEHUNG,j9ar/. j9. Hung about 

Beie, 1 
BEI en, \adj. {A.'S.) Both. 


Ac heo ne myjt so rathe come, that the 

kynges twei, 
Nere y>come out Yrloud, wyt gret power 

Of Scottes and of Picitrs, of Denemarch, of 

Norwei. Bob. Glouc, p. 107. 

And tueie bischopes in ys lond, 
Wei hy were beyne v-l'ond. 

Chron. ofEnyl.t Ritsou's Met. Bam. 




Kc beon jit bute tweien, 
Mine sunen ;it beutli beien. 

MS. Cott , Calig., A ix, f. 28. 

Beigh, 8. (A,'S. beag.) Anything 
twisted, but generally an orna- 
ment for the neck; a torques: 
it also is used to express an orna- 
ment in general. 

Sjr Canados was tban 

Constable the queu ful neighe } 
For Tristrem Ysonde wan. 

So weneth he be ful sleighe, 
To make hir his leman 

With brocbe and riche hmgke. 

Sir Tristrem, iii, 66. 

Beight, 8, Anything bent; the 

bend of the elbow. North, 

Beike, v. To warm as before a fire. 

Hys flesche trenibylde for grete elde, 
Hya blode colde, Inrs body unwelde, 

Uys lyppes bio for-tby: 
He had more nivstyrol a gode fyre, 
Of bryght brondys brennyiig scbyre, 

To beyke hys booncs by . 

Le ISune Florence of Rome, 1. 99. 

Beild, ». (1) See Beld, 

(2) A handle. Yorksh. 

Bbildit J part, p. Imaged; formed. 

Being, (1) conj. Since, 

And being yon have 
Bcclin'd his means, you have increas'd his 

B. and Fl.t Hon. M. Fort., act ii. 

Hear. How now ? 

So melancholy sweet? 

I'ot. How could I choose 

Being thou wert not here? the time is 

Thou'lt be as good unto me as thy word? 
Cariicright's Ordinary, 1661. 

(2) 8. {A.-S, byarij to inhabit.) 
An abode ; a lodging. SwsejP. 

(3) 8. Condition. Weber, 
Beirb, (1) Of both. 

(2) adj. Bare. 
Beisance, 8. Obeisance. 

How is't then, thicke great shepherd of the 

ToM'hom our swaines sike humble beisance 

yield. Feele's Eglngue, 1589. 

Beyte, 8, A sharper. Cumb, 

Here ptdlars frae a* pairts rcpjiir, 

Bealb Yorkshire bet/tes dud Scotch fwoak, 

And Paddies wi' tlicir feyne lin ware, 
Tho a' deseyn'd to botch fwoak. 

Stagg's Cumberl. Foems, p. 135. 

Bbjadb, v. To weary ; to tire. 
Bejape, v. To make game of; to 

Bekay, 8, The jowl or lower jaw 

of a pig. Northampt. 
Beke, (1) 8, The brim of a hat or 

hood, or anything standing out 

firm at the bottom of a coYering 

for the head. 

(2) V. To warm ; to sweat. Be- 

keande^ part, a 

^T»«'l»- A beacon. 


Bekenne, V, (1) {A,-S,) To com- 
mit to. 

(2) {A,'S, becennan.) To give 
birth to. 

Bekere, 9. To skirmish ; to bicker. 

Bekins, adv. Because. Dorset. 

Bekke, v. To beg. lowneley Myst, 

Beknowe, V, (A.-S,) To acknow- 
ledge ; to confess. 

Tlienne watj spyed and spared 

Upon spare wyse, 

Bi preve poynte5 of that prynce 

Put to hym selven. 

That he bekneto cortaysly 

Of the court that he were. 

Gatoayn ^ the Gr. Kn., 1. 1620. 

Bekur, 8. Fight; battle; skirmish. 

Bel, adj. {A.-N.) Beautiful. 

Belacb, 9. To chastise with a strap. 

Belacoil, 1 *. {A.'N.) A kind 
BiALACoiL, J reception; a hearty 
welcome. Personified in the Ro- 
mance of the Rose. 

Belafte, pret. t. Left ; remained. 

BELAGOED,/7ar/.j[7. (1) Tired ; lag- 
ging behind. 
(2) Dirtied ; wetted. 

Belam, V, To beat. 

Belamour, ».(jPr.) (1) A lover. 
(2) The name of a flower. 

B EL-AMY, 8. (A.-N.) Fair friend. 

Bblappe, 0. To lap round; to 

BELASTf part, p. Bound. 

Belated, j9ar^ j9. (1) Benighted. 
(2) Retarded. 




Belave, v. (J.'S.) To remain. 

Bel AT, V, (1) To fasten. A sea 
(2) To flog. NorthampL 

'R^i.AYED,part.p. Covered. Spenser, 

Belch, (1) ». Small beer. Yorksh, 
(2) ». To remove the indurated 
dung from sheet's tails. Somerset, 

Belche, v. To decorate. Pr, P, 

Belcone, s. a balcony. 

Beldame, s, {A.'N,) (1) A grand- 
(2) A fair lady. Spenser. 

Belde, (1) V. (y^.-/S.) To protect. 

This Frein thrived fram yer to yer : 
The abbesse nece men wend it were. 
The abbease her gan teche and belde. 
Lay le Freine, 1. 231. 

(2) s. Protection ; refuge. 

His em answer he yeld, 

That litel he wald wene. 
Of hot ache was him held, 

That Moraunt suster had bene. 


(3) a4f. Bold. 

(4) s. Build ; strength. 

She blisiid here, and from him ran, 
Intil here chamber anon she cam. 
That was so stronge of belde. 

Syr Gowghter, 1. 81. 

Overcomen I am in myn elde. 

Cursor Mundi, MS. 

(5) V. To build. 

(6) 9. To inhabit. 

Belder, V, To roar; to bellow. 

Bele, (1) adj. (J.'N.) Fair; good. 
(2) s. {j4,'S. beat.) Bad conduct. 
Lhtc. The signification of this 
word, as far as can be gathered, 
appears to be, bad course, or con- 
duett or censurable proceeding of 
improvident or ill-disposed cha- 
raeters, ** He'll ne'er bate bele 
whawl hes spend evry hawp'ny" 
is said of a spendthrift. 

Beleakins. By the Lady kin I 
I Bele* chebe, «. {j4,'N.) Good com- 

Belechose, 8, {J.'N.) Pudendum 
f. Chaucer, BelchoSy in MS. 
Addit. Brit. Mus., No. 12,195, 
f. 158. 

Beleddy. By our Lady 1 Leie. 

Belee, v. To shelter. Shaketp. 

Beleeke, adv. Belike ; probably. 

As Hector had unhorst Patroclns tho, 
Dispoyling him in field, alas tor woe, 
Unwares tu wreeke thisdeedeof hisbeleeke 
He slayes a peereles Troyan for a Greeke. 
PeeW* FareweU, 1589. 

Belepered, adj. Infected with 

Beleye, (1) V. {j^.'S. heUfan,) To 
remain ; to be alive. 
(2) V, To leave. 
(3)». Belief. 

Belevenesse, 8, Faith. Pr, P. 

Bele WING, s. The belling of the 

Beletn, par/. p. of 6«fye. Besieged. 

Belfer, s. a sort of framework 
of wood or other material sup- 
ported by pillars of brick, iron, 
&c., on which a stack of corn is 
raised. At the top of each pil- 
lar is placed a projecting coping 
stone, and on these stones are 
laid the cross beams : the inten- 
tion of the broad stone is to 
prevent vermin getting up into 
the stack. The proper terra 
for this erection is a brandreth / 
but many of the common people 
call it a belfer^ confounding it 
probably with the word belfry, 
mentioned below. Lincoln, 

Belfry, «. (1) A temporary shed 
for a cart or waggon in the fields 
or by the roadside. Line. 
(2) s. Part of a woman's dress. 
Lyd gate's Minor Poems ^ p. 201. 

Belg, v. To bellow. Somerset, 

Belgards, 8. (Fr.) Fair looks. 

Belgrandfather, 8. A great 
great grandfather. 

Belier, adv. Just now. Somerset, 

Belike, 1 adv. Certainly ; per- 
BELiKELY, J haps ; probably. 

Belime, V, To ensnare. Lent. 




Beling, 8. (1) Suppuration. " In- 
sanies. Belyng," MS.f Vocad, 

• 15M cent. 

(2) The noise a chicken makes 
vrhen first breaking the shell. 
'* You can hear them beling sir, 
afore thev comes out." Somerset. 


Belittbr, v. To bring forth a child. 
Belive, adv, (1) {A.-S,) Quickly; 

immediately ; presently. 

(2) In the evening. North, 
Belke, v. (1) To belch. North, 

(2) To lounge at length. Line, 
Bell, (I) «. A roupie at the tip of 

the nose. Palsgr. 

(2) 8, The cry of the hart at 
rutting time. 

(3) V. To swell. 

(4) To bear the beU, to win the 

prize at a race, where a bell was 

the usual prize. 

Among the Romans it [ahorse race] was 
an Olympic exercise, and the prize was 
a garland, but now they heare the bell 
away. Saltotutall, Char. ^o. 

To lo8e the bell^ to be worsted. 

Bat when in single fizht he lost the hell. 

Pairf., Tasso, xvii, 69. 

Bellakin, part, a. Bellowing. 

Belland, 8. (1) Ore, when re- 
duce to powder. North, 
(2) Its pernicious effects, when 
imbibed in small particles. North, 

Bellarmine, 8. A sort of stout 

earthen bottle, ornamented with 

the figure of a bearded face, and 

said to have received its name 

from Cardinal Bellarmine, whom 

this face represented. To dispute 

with BeUarmine, to empty the 


Cos. There's no great need of souldiers; 

their camp's 
"No larger than a ginger-bread office. 
Pan. And the men little bigger. 
Phil. What half heretick 
Book tels you that ? 
Bho. Tht greatest sort they say 
■Are like stone-pots with beards that do reach 

Unto their knees. 

CartMfr^ktf lady Srramt, 1661. 

rris dark, we'll have one heVarmne 
there, and then bonus nocius, I must to 
my mistress. 

Shadwell, Epsom WeUs, 167S. 

Bellart, «. A bear-leader. Chest. 
Belle, (1) «. A mantle.' See 
Wrighfs Anecd. Lit., p. 12. 

(2) V. {A.'S.) To roar. 

(3) 8. A clock. Cov, Myst, 

(4) 8. A bonfire ; for baaL Gaw. 

Belle, v. To swell. 
Belle-blome, 8, (A.'N.) The 

Bellb-chere, 8. (A,-N,) Good 

Belleseter, 8. A bell-founder. 

Prompt. Parv. 
Bell-flower, s. The dafifodil. 

Bell-gate, 1 s. The circuit or li- 
bell-oait, J berty in which a beg- 
gar was formerly allowed to beg, 
BO named from the bell which 
he tinkled to attract the notice 
of the charitable. 

Bellibone, 8, {Fr.) A fair maid. 

Pan may be proud that ever he begot 
Such a heUibone. 

Spen., Shep. Eal.t Apr. 91. 

Bellibgrign, 8, A kind of apple. 

Bellical, adj. (Lat.) Warlike. 
Belliche, adv. {A.-N.) Fairly. 
Bellicon, 8. One devoted to good 

cheer. North. 
Bellicous, adj, (Lat.) Warlike. 
Bellify, V, To beautify. Ray- 

nalde'8 Byrth of Mankynde, 
Bellin, V, To roar; to bellow. 

Bellitude, 8, {Lat.) Fairness. 
Bell-kite, s, A protuberant body. 

Bellman, s, A watchman. Part of 

his ofllce was originally to bless 

the sleepers whose door he passed. 

Thus Herrick : 

from noise of scareiircs rest ye tmtt 
from murders, bcneUicUtu ■ 




. From ill mischances, that may fright 
Your pleasing slumbers in the night; 
Mercie secure ye all, and keep 
The goblin from ye, wliile ye sleep. 
Past one o'clock and almost two, 
My masters ail, good day to you. 

Hesp.y p. 139. 

So Milton, Penseroso : 

The helmaiCs drowsy charm 
To bless the doors from nightly harm. 

Hence onr Bellman^s verses. 
BE.LLOCK, V. To bellow. P^ar. dial. 
Belloned, ff^'. Asthmatic. North. 
Bellose, adj. (Lat.) Warlike. 
Bellowfarmer, 9. A person who 

had the care of organs, regals, &c. 

Bellpeare, 8. A sort of pear. 

Pimm cucurhitinum, Plin. ab oblonga 
cucurbitse figura. Poire de sarteau, ou 
de campane. A hell peare, or gourd 
peare ; so called of his luceuesse. 

NoTMticIator, 1585. 

Bellrao, 9. To scold. Heref. See 

Bellragoes, 8. A sort of water- 

Bells, s. pi. The ears of oats. 
Norihamp. A crop of oats is said 
to have beWd well, when it pro- 
mises to be heavy. 

Bell-soller, 8. The loft in a 
church on which the ringers 
stand. North. 

Bellweather» 8. A cross and 
blabbering child. North. 

Bellt, 8. The widest part of the 
vein of a mine. North. 

Belly atere, 8, A bellfounder. 
Prompt. Parv, 

Bellt-band, 8. A girth to a cart- 
saddle. North. 

Belltcheat, 8. An apron. Ash. 

Belltcheer, 8. Good living. 

A spender of his patrimony and goods 
In heUycheere, and unthriftie companie : 
tkspetul-all: tk waste-good. 

Nomenclatort 1585. 

Gluttonie mounted on a greedie beare, 
To belly-cheere and banquets lends his care. 
Sowlands, Ktumes <^ Spades, /■(;., 1613. 

Belly-clapper, 8. A word equi- 
valent, according to Florio, to 
certain senses of the Italian 


words hatt&gUo and battifoUe. 
It has been conjectured to be 
some instrument for announcing 

Belly-friend, 8. A sycophant. 

Belly-god, 8. A glutton, or epi- 

Belly-harm, s. The cholic. 

Belly-holding, 8. A crying out 
in labour. Devon. 

BELLY-NAKED,a4/. Entirely naked. 
A very common expression in our 
earlier writers. 

Belly-piece, a. (1) The apron, or 
covering of the belly. 

If thou shoulds cry, it would make 
streaks down thy face; as the tears of 
the Uinkard do upon my fat hosts helly- 
pieces. Shadwell, Bury Fair, 1689. 

(2) A thin part of a carcase near 
the belly. North. 

Bellys, 1 
belyes, j 

Belly-shot, adj. A term applied 
to cattle, " when in the winter, 
for want of warmth and good 
feeding, they have their guts 
shrunk up." Kennett. 

Belly-timber, «. Food. Var.dial. 

Belly- VENGEANCE, 8. Small beer. 

Belly-want, *. A belly-band. 

Belly-wark,».(-/^.-5.) The cholic. 

BEL0KE,j9ar^. p. Locked. .^ 

Beloked, /7ar/. p. Beheld. 

Belon, 8. \Fr.) A distemper com- 
mon to cattle in some parts of 
the North of England. It is sup- 
posed to be caused by the water 
they drink being impregnated 
with lead. 

Belongings, 8. Endowments. 

Bblook, v. To weep. Beds. 

Beloukr, 9. To fasten ; to lock iqi. 

Bblowt, v. To abuse roughly. 



Belsch, v. {A.'N.) To adorn ; to 


To cheat. Cumb, 




Belsh, 9. Rubbish ; sad stuff. Line, 
Bkl-shangles, 8. A cant term. 

Head-master of raorrlce-daunceni, high 
head-borough of heighs, and onelv 
tricker of your trill-liUes, and best bet- 
ahangles betweene Siou and mount 

Kemp, Nine Daves Wonder, 1600. 

Belsirb, 8. {J.'N.) A grandfather; 

an ancestor. 
Belsize, adj. Bulky ; large. Ea8L 
Bel-sw AGGER, 8. A swaggcrer ; a 

bully ; a whoremaster. 
Belt, (1) v. To suppurate. 

What godly reason can any man alyve 
alledge why Mother Joane of Stowe, 
speaking these wordes, and neyther 
more nor lesse, 
•' Our Lord was the fyrst man 
That ever thome prick't upon : 
It never biysted nor it never belled. 
And I pray God, nor this uot may," 

should cure either beastes, or men and 
women, from diseases? 
L. Northampton's Defensative (gainst the 
Poison of supposed Prophecies, 1583. 

(2) V. To beat. Skropah. 

(3) V. To shear the buttocks and 
tails of sheep. Midland C, 

(4) 8. An axe. Pr. P. 

(5) *. A course of stones pro- 
jecting from a wall. 

(6) Pricking at the belt, a cheat- 
ing game, also called fast and 
loose, as old as the age of Shake- 

Beltan,». The first of May. North. 

Belter, 8, A prostitute. North. 

Beluted, adj. {Lat.) Covered with 
mud. Sterne. 

Belve, V. (1) To drink greedily. 
(2) To bellow ; to roar. Somerset, 

Belverino, adj. Noisy; blustering. 

Belwe, v. {A,S.) To bellow. 

Belwort, 8' The name of a plant. 

Belye, V, {J.'S, belicgan.) To sur- 
round ; to beleaguer. 

The kyng and heie men of the loud, mid 

streugthe and mid ginne, 
And belays the castel longe. ar hii him 

mijte i-winne. JBoi. Cfloue., p. 519. 

BelymueDi part, p, Disfigtiied. 

Bem, 8. A beam ; a pillar. 
Bemanolk, V, To mutilate. 
Bem, \8, {A,'S. bema.) A tram- 


BEME, j pet. 

Thau sal be herd the blast of bem. 
The demster sal cum to dem. 

Cursor Mundi, MS. 

Trompors gnnne heire bemes blowe. 
The knihtes riden out on a rowe. 
On stedes white and bloke. 

Kyng of Tars, hiW. 

Beme, 8. Bohemia. 
Bemene, v. (A.*S. bemanan,) To 
lament for. 

Tlie kyng of Tars out of his sadel fel, 
The blod out of his wounde wel, 
Mony mon hit bement. 

Kynffcf Tars, \. loss. 

Bbmete, V. (A.'S.) To measure. 
Bemoil, V, To bemire, or be- 

Thou should'st have heard, in how miiy 
a place } how she was bemoird. 

Shakesp., Tom. afShr., ir, 1. 

Bemoisten, V, To moisten. 

Bemole, 8, A term in masic, 
B molle, soft or flat. 

Bemonster, V, To make mon- 
strous. Shakesp, 

Bemooked, adj. Dirtied, defiled; 
literally, bemncked. Palsgrave, 

Bemused, ad/. Dreaming ; intoxi- 

Bemy, 8, A term in music ; per- 
haps B my, or middle, between 
flat and sharp. 

Ben, (1) V, {A.'S. ben.) To be. 
(2) adj. Prompt ; ready. Gaw, 
{3) s. pi (A.'S.) Bees. 

(4){A.-N.) Goods. 

(5) adv. {J.'N.) Well ; good. 

(6) prep. In ; into. Yoriak. 

(7) 8. (J.-N.) The truth. Devtm, 

(8) The *' true ben," the utmost 
stretch or bend. Exmoor. 

(9) 8. A figure set on the top of 
the last load of the harvest, im- 
mediately in front, dressed ap 
'with ribbons, &c. Norf» 




(10) a. Oil oi ben (bensoin), 
an ointment formerly in great 

Benar, adj. Better. A cant term. 

Bbnature, 8. {A.'N,) A Tessel con- 
taining the holy ^ater. 

Bench, s. The shelf of a rock run- 
ning to a main joint. A term 
among quarry-men in Northamp- 

(2) 9. A widow's bench, a share 
of the husband's estate which a 
woman enjoys besides her join- 
ture. Sussex. 

Benchcloth, s. a carpet to cover 
a bench. " Benchclothe or carpet 
cloth, tapes" Huloet. 

Benched, €idj. Furnished with 

Bencher, s. An idler ; one who 
spends his time on tiie benches of 

Bench-floor, s. In the coal mines 
of Wednesbury in Staffordshire, 
the sixth parting or laming in the 
body of the coal. 

Bench-hole, s. The liole in a 

. bench, ad levandum alvum. 

Bench-table, s. A low stone seat 
round the inside of the walls of 
a building. 

Bench -whistler, s. An idler, who 
spends his time chiefly on the 
alehouse bench. 

Bend, s. (1) {A.-S.) A bond; any- 
thing which binds. 

Mi lord the douke, he seyd anon, 
For Bcbame lete the levedis gon. 

That er botlie gode and heiide ! 
For ich am comen hider to-day 
For to saren hem, yive y mav, 

And bring hem out ofbenae. 

Amis and Jmiloun, 1. 1233. 

(2) A band of men. 

(3) A band; anything bound 
round another; a tie. 

(4) A turn of a forest. 

A herd of deer was in the bmdf 

All feeding before his face : 
Now the best of you I'll have to my dinner. 

And that in a uttle space. 

Bobin Hood and hh Cousin Scarlet. 

/- r j-I \ '- - 

(5) Strong ox leather, tanned 
with bark and other ingredients, 
which give it a blue cast. 

(6) Indurated clay. North, 

(7) The border of a woman's 
cap. North, 

(8) A piece of bent plate-iron, 
which went over the back of the 
last horse at plough. Leic. 

(9) {A,-N.) A band or bandage; 
a horizontal stripe. 

Bended, part. p. Bound. Maun- 

Bendel, s. (A.-N.) a band, or 
stripe ; a bendlet. 

BENDiNO,/7ar/. a. Striping ; band- 

Bbnd-leathbr, s. Sole-leather. 

Bendsfull, s. Bands-full; bun- 

Bendware, *. Hardware. Staff, 

Bendwith, s. The name of a 

Bene, (1) ». To be. 

(2) s. Bane ; destruction. 
r3) 8, A bean. 

(4) 8. {A.'S.) A prayer ; a re- 

(5) adv, (A,'N.) WeU; fair; 
good. Gaw. 

BEVKXPEBt part. p. {A.'S.) Left 
aground by the ebb of the spring 
tides. South. 

Beneday, s. a prayer-day. 

Benedicite. (Lat.) An exclama- 
tion equivalent to Bless us ! 

Bknediction-fosset, s. The sack- 
posset taken on the evening of 
the wedding day, just before the 
company retired. 

Benefice, s, {A.-N.) A benefit. 

Benefit, s, A living ; a benefice. 

Beneme, 9. (A.'S.) To take away; 

to take from. 

lee ^yven hem all jowre powere, and 
forte jyve iiem 5ee benemen me, and 
nevere the lattere y myglite nevere 
have so niuche power as ^ow. 

EoniaMt of the ^fanJk^S^l. 14. 
. , r- ■'^ 1 t: '.,> *^ 

^. f 

■«. y 




Benemerent, adj, (Lat.) Well 

Benempt, par/. j9. Named ; called. 
Benerth, 8. The service which 

the tenant owed the landlord by 

plough and cart in Kent. Lam- 

Benethe, V, To begin. Cov. Myst. 
Benetoire, 1 «. a cavity or small 

BENATDRE, J holc in the wall of a 

church, generally near the door, 

for the vessel that contained the 

holy water. 
Benevolence, s. A voluntary gra- 
tuity given by the subjects to the 

Benevolers, 9. Well wishers .Pa«/. 

Leit., ii, 336. 
Benewith,«. The woodbine. Pr.P. 
Benoe, V, To drink deeply. So- 

Benger, 8. A chest for corn. 

Pr. P, 
Bengt, adj. Cloudy; overcast. 

Benigne, adj, {Lat,) Kind. 
Benime, v. To take away. See 

Bbnison, 8. (A.'N.) A blessing. 
Ben-joltram, 8. Brown bread 
' soaked in skimmed milk; the 

usual breakfast of ploughboys. 

Bene, s. (A.'S,) A bench. 
Ben-kit, s. A wooden vessel with 

a cover to it. Line. 
Bennet, 8, The bent grass, or 

bents. Somerset, 
Bennick, 8. A minnow. Somerset. 
BsfiOMEf part.p, of beneme. Taken 

BENOTHiNGED,;t?arf.j9. Annihilated. 
Bbnow, adv. By this time. North, 
Bbnse, 8, A cow-stall. North, 
Bensil, v. To thrash; to beat. 

Bent, {l)s, A plain ; a common ; a 

field ; a moor ; a common term in 

early English poetry. 

(2)8, The declivity of a hUl. 

(3) 8. A kind of gi 
usuallv known as benti 

(4) 8, A chimney. Nc 

(5) 8, Form; shape. 

(6) adj. Ready. 
Bents, s, pL Different 

bard, dry, coarse gras 
and rushes ; the groun 
tures, on which they g 
ferent writers apply tl 
the juncus bulbostis; 
wort; the arundo arei 
alopecurus geniculatus 

Hia spear a bent both stiff 

And well near of two inch 

Drayton's Nymph 

Next to that is the musk-rot 
strawberry leaves dying, v 
excellent cordial smell ; the; 
of the vines ; it is a tittle di 
dust of a bent. Lord Bcu 

June is drawn in a mantle o 

freeu ; upon his bead, a garl 
ing-cups, and maideu-hair. 


Bbnters, s. Debentures 
Bentles, 8. Dry sandy 

near the sea covered ch 

bent-grass. East. 
Benwyttre, *. The ^ 

Benzamyne, 1 8. Benzol 

benzwine, J of resin. 
Beo, (1) V. (j-,S,) To b 

(2) prep. By. 
Beode, (1) V. To pray; 

See Bede. 

(2) 8. A prayer. 
Bkoryno, 8. (1) Buryir 


(2) Birth ; t. e., child-l 
Beon, v. {A.'S.) To be. 

And tellen w^e schulen of Y: 
That us tolde trewely 
A child ther is i-boren to m 
And a sone i-^iven us 
Whos nome sclial i-nempni 
Wonderful, as me may i-se 
Vernon MS., Bodle\ 

Beoth, prest, t, of be 
are ; is. 




BvoxmVfpnp, {A,-S.) Without. 
Bepinch, V, To pinch all over. 

Amongst the rest, was a good fellow devill^ 
bo c&l'd in kinds, cause lie did no evill, 
Knowne by the name of Bobin (as we 

And that his eyes as broad as sawcers 

were : 
Who came anights, and would make 

kitchins cleane. 
And in the bed brpinck a lazie queane. 
Sotolands, Knave* of Spades, ^c, 1613. 

BEauARR^, t. B sharp. An old 
musical term. 

^^ii* I (1) *• Beer. 

BERE, J ^ ' 

(2) *. A berry. 

(3) *. A bier. 

Now frendschip, suld je fande 
Of sir Philip jowre lere, 

To bring ^ow out of hand. 
Or je be broght on here. 

Minoi's Poems, p. 24. 

(4) part, p. Carried. 

(5) *. The space a person runs in 
order to leap with impetus. North, 

Berafrynde, *. A drinking term. 

King Edward and the Sh^herd^ 

Hartshomej p. 48. 
Berano, part, a. (1) Rushing; 


(2) Bearing. 
Berandyles, g. Thenameofadish 

in ancient cookery. 

For to make herandyles. Nym hennys, 
and seth hem w}rth god buf, and whan 
hi ben sodyn, nym the hennyn, and do 
awey the bonys, and bray 'snial yn a 
mortar, and temper yt wyth the broth, 
and setli yt thorw a culdore, and cast 
thereto powder of iryngevyr, and sugar, 
and graynys of powmys-gernatys, and 
boyle y t, and dresse yt in dysches ; and 
cast above elou78, gylofres, and maces, 
and god powder ; serve ^^t forth. 

Warner, Jnt'iq. Culin., p. 40. 

Berascal, V, To abuse like a rascal. 
Berate, v. To scold. 
Berattlb, V, To rattle. 
Berayed, part, p, (1) Arrayed ; 


(2) Dirtied. 
'3braine, v. To wet with rain ; to 

moisten. I 

Berber, s. The barberry. 

Berbine, «. The verbena. Kent. 

Bercbl, "^ 
BERSBEL^, 8, (j4,-N. bersault.) 
bbrtel, y A mark to shoot at. 
BYSSELLE, j Prompt, Part. 


Bercblets, 8, pi. Hounds. See 

Bergen, 8, The barton of a house. 

Berche, adj. Made of iron. 
Berd, 8, A beard. 
Berdash, 8, A neck-cloth ? 

I have prepared a treatise against the 
cravat and berdash, which 1 am told is 
not ill done. Gitardian, No. 10. 

Berde, 8, (1) Margin ; brink. 


(2) A lady. See Bird, 
Bere, (1) 8. (A.'S.) A noise; a 

roar ; a cry. 

(2) V, {J,'S.) To make a noise. 

(3) 8. A pillow-case. See PilloW' 

(4) V, To bear ; to carry. 

(5) V, To bear ; to produce 

(6) 8, A bear. 

(7) V. To bear upon ; to accuse. 
Bere-ba6, 8. One who bears a bag. 
Be REDE, V. (A.'S.) To advise. 
Bere-franke, 8, A wooden cage 

to keep a bear or boar in. Mo- 
nasiic Letters^ p. 269. 

Bbren, v. To bear. See Bere, 

Berent, V, To rent ; to tear. 

Beretta, *. A kind of hood worn 
by priests. Hally Saiiree, iv, 7. 

Berfrey, *. A moveable tower. 

Berger, 8, {Fr.) A term in hair- 

A berger, is a little lock, plain, with a 
puff turninj; up like the ancient fashion 
used by shepherdesses. 

Lady's Dictionary, 1604.. 

Bergerbt, *. {A.'N.) A sort of 

song. Chaucer, 
Bergh, 8. A hill. Yorksh. 
Bergomask, «. A name for a rustic 

dance, taken from Bcrgamasco, 



the people of which were ri- 
diculed for being more clownish 
than any other people in Italy ; 
they were on this account made 
the types of all the Italian buf- 

Berhegor, 9, Beer-aigre. 

Berialles, «. Beryls. 

Berie, 9, A grove ; a shady place. 

The cell a chappell had on th' easteme side. 
Upon the wester side a grove or herie. 

Orl. Fur., xli, 67. 

Beriel, «. (1) A burial. 
(2) A tomb ; a grave. 
Bering, «. The lap. 

Al so he lay in slepe by nyglit. 
Him thoughte a goshauk with gret flvght 
Steleth on his he^yng. 
And yenith, and sprad abrod his wyngyn. 

K. Alisaunder, L 484. 

Bering-case, «. A portable casket. 

Bering e-lepe, 9, A basket. Pr, P, 

Berisfe, v. To disturb. 

Berke, V, To bark. 

Berlin, s. The name of a kind of 
coach in use at the beginning of 
the eighteenth century, so called 
from being first used in the Prus- 
sian capital. 

Beware of Latin authors all ! 

Nor tliink your verses sterling. 
Though with a golden pen you scrawl. 

And scribble in a bcrlin.' Swift. 

Berlina, 8. A pillory. B, Jonson. 
Berly, adf. Barry, an heraldic 

Bermb, (1) ». (J.'S.) To foam. 

(2) *. Foam ; froth. 

(3) 8. Yeast ; barm. 
Bbrmen, 8. Bar-men ; porters to 

a kitchen. 

Two dayes ther fastinde he yede, 
That non for his werk wolde him fede ; 
The thridde day herde lie calle ; 
*'BertHent bermen, hider forth alle!" 

Havelok, 1. 868. 

Bermoothes, t. The Bermudas. 

Bermudas, 8. A cant term for 
certain obscure and intricate 
alleys in London, in which per- 

sons lodged who had occasion to 
live cheap or concealed; called 
also the Streigktt. They are 
supposed to have been the nar- 
row passages north of the Strand, 
near Covent-garden. 

Meereraft. Engine, when did von see 
My cousin Everhill? keeps he still yonr 

In the Bermudas. 
Bug. Yes, sir, he was writing 
This morning very hard. 

B. Jona.t Devil an A$s, ii, 1. 

Bermuda8 also denoted a species 
of tobacco; probably brought 

Wliere being furnished with tinder, 
match, and a portion of decayed Beur- 
ntoodas, they smoake it most terribly, 
anus's Wkimz., p. 135. 

Bern, (1) 8. {A.-S. beom,) A man ; 
a knight ; a noble. 

(2) 8. (A.'S.) A child. 

(3) 8. A barn. 
Bernaclr, 8. A gag for a horse. 
Berners, 8. Men who stood with 

relays in hunting; the men who 
fed the hounds. 

fr»3f ' r *• A shadow. Pr, P. 
berwe, J 

Berowne, adj. Round about. 

Berrier, 8, A thrasher. North, 

Berry, (1) 8, A gooseberry. 


(2) V, To thrash com. Norths 

(3) 8, A rabbit-burrow. 

A manie s: hollers went to steale eonies, 
and by the way they wam'd a novice 
among them to make no noise for feare 
of skarring the conies awav. At last he 
espying some, said alouu in Latine: 
*'Ecce-cuuiculi multi;" and with that 
the conies ranne into their kerries 
Wherewith his fellowes offended and 
chyding him therefore, he said, '* Who 
(the devill) would have thought that 
conies understood Latine.*' 
Copley's WUs, Fits, and Fhneies, 1614. 

(4) 8, A herd of conies. 

(5) 8, A flood. 

Crdscia tPdcque, a suddaine showre, a 
storme, a tempest., a blustring, a berry 
or flaw of many windes or stormes to* 
gether, bringing violent ahowres of 
water. Fhria» 




(6) #. A borough. 
Bbrsxel, 9, A mark to shoot at. 

See BereeL 
BsKSBLET, 9, A kmd of bow ? 
Berst, (1) prest. t, of here, 


(2) pret. t, of breke. Broke. 

(3) *. {A,-S.) Injury. 

The levedi, sore adrad withalle, 
Ladde Beves into the halle. 
And of everiche sonde. 
That him com to honde, 
A dide hire ete althcrferst. 
That she ne dede him no berat; 
And drinke ferst of the win, 
That no poisoun was therin. 

Betet ofHamtoun, p. 75. 

Bert, (1) ». To perspire. North, 

(2) adj. Bright. 
Beruffianise, V, To abuse like a 

Berunge, 8, A burial. 
Berwe, «. A shadow. See Berowe, 

Berwe, 1 .^^^x rj,^ didtnei, 
berye, J ^ ^ 

Berwham, 9, A horse-collar. 

Beryll, 8. Apparently some rope 
belonging to a ship. Cocke Lorel- ' 
leg Bote, p. 12. 

BerynEjS. a child. MorteJrthure, 

Beryse, 8. Berries. 

BERY5T,^r«*. t. oibere. Beareth. 

Berje, 8. A mount ; a hill. 

Bes, pree. t. of be, 

Besage, 8. {A.'N.) A bed carried 
by horses, called beeage horses. 

Besaguy, 8. (A.'N,) A two-edged 

Besant, 8, A gold coin, so called 
because first coined at Byzan- 
tium. Its value seems to have 
varied from ten to twenty sols. 

Bescatter, v. To scatter over. 

BxscHADE, V. To shadow. 

Bescorned, adj. Despised. 

Bbscratche, v. To scratch. 

Bescro, v. To beshrew. 

Bescummer, 1 v. To scatter oi- 
bescumber, j dure. 

TIHiich working stnmgbr with 
The conceit of the patient, wonld make 

them bescummer 
Td th* height of a mighty purgation. 

B. /• jF7., Fair M<ud of the Inn, ir. 

A critic tliat all the world heseumhers 
With satirical humours and lyrical num- 
bers. Jons.y Poelagler, act v. 

Bese, v. To see; to behold; to 

see to ; to take care. 
Beseek, v. To beseech. 
Beseeme, v. To seem ; to appear. 
Besene, /7ar/. j0. Clad; adorned. 
Besenys, 8. Business. 
Besbt, part. p. Placed ; employed ; 

Beshake, V, To shake roughly. 

The country fellow by the fist did take him. 

And in plaiue rusticke manner did beshake 

him. BawlandSt Knave of SpadeSt\%\Z. 

Besharp, v. To make haste. 
Var. dial. 

BESHKT,part.p. Shut up. 

Beshine, v. To give light to. 

Beshote, part. p. Dirtied. Lane, 

Beshraooe, part, p. Cut into 

Beshrevite, V, (A.'S.) To curse. 

Beside, prep. By the side of. 

Besidery, 8, A kind of baking- 
pear. Kersey, 

Besieged i part. p. An astrologi- 
cal term applied to a planet when 
between the bodies of two male- 

Besien, v. To busy ; to trouble. 

Besight, s. (A.'S.) Scandal ; of- 

Besiship, 8, Activity. 

Besit, v» To suit; to become. 

Beskyfte, part, p. Thrust off; 
shifted off. 

Beslabber, \ V. To slobber one- 
beslobber, J self. 

Beslomereo, part, p. Dirtied. 
Piers PI. 

Beslurry, 9. To smear; to de- 
file. Drayton, 

Besme, s, a besom. Pr, P, 




0ESMT&CH, V. To soil ; to daub ; 

to smear. Shakesp. 
Besmotered, pari. p. Smudged. 

But he ne was nought gay, 
Of fastyan he wered a gepoun, 
All bysmoUrud, with his hahai^nn. 
Chaucer, C. f ., 1. 76. 

Besmudoe, V, To soil or blacken 

with dirt or soot. 
Besmut, v. (A.'S. beamy tan.) To 

soil, or blacken with smut. 
Besnow, v. (A.-S. besniwan.) To 

scatter oyer like snow; to whiten. 
Beso, conj. So be it. Maundevile, 
Besovte^ prei. t. Besought. 
Besognio, *. {Ital) A beggar. 
Besore, v. To vex; to annoy. 
Besort, (1) 9. To suit ; to fit. 

(2) s. Attendance; society. 

Besfaraoe, V, To disparage. 

Yet am 1 not against it, that these men 
by tlieir mechanicall trades should come 
to hesparage gentlemen and chufif-headed 

Nash'i Fierce Pennileeee, 1592. 

Bespaul, V, To daub with spittle. 

BE8PELT,/?«r/./?. Bewitched ; mis- 
chievous, without being vicious. 

Bespeken, v. To speak to; to 

Besperpled, part. p. Sprinkled. 

Be-spoke, part. p. Bewitched. 

Besprenged, 1 ji7ar/. jEi. Besprin- 
BESPRENT, J kled. 

And found the sprin^ng grass with blood 
besprent. Fairfax's Tasso, p. 191. 

Bespurt, v. To spurt; to cast 

Besquite, s. Biscuit. 
Bessen, v. {A.'N, baisser.) To 

stoop Leie, 
Bessome, v. {A.'S. beswimman.) 

To swim ; to sail. 
Bessy, s, A female bedlamite. See 

Best, *. (A.-N.) An animal; a 

Bestab, V, To stab all over. 

With all my heart lie spend a crowne <t 

To meete the rascall in my dish agame: 
I would bestah his skin like doable cuts. 
BowUmds, Knme of Clubbt, ISIL 

Bestah, s. (J.'S.) Circumstanced; 
beset; provided. 

Sum 8oa5te thayre maystnrs, sum hit 

thaym that day. 
Sum ran here and there, like men that 

were madde. 
Sum were ryght hevy and harde bestadde, 
Rvght besy in thayre wittes away to koo, 
aU was for the best, oure Lorde wold it, 

sholde be to 1 MS. BibL Beg., 17 D. xr. 

Bestarred, jMir/. p. Covered with 

Bestial, «. {A.-N,') Cattle. 
Bestially, adv. Beastly. 
Bestiate, v. To make like a beast. 
Bestly, adv. Belonging to a 

beast. Chaucer, 

»"*«>"• \,. Reception. 


They find as bad bestoe as is their portage 

Warner's AUnons Bngkuid, 1692. 

Bestow, v. (1) To lay up ; to stow 
awav. East. 


(2) To commit suicide. Line. 
• (3) To deliver a woman. 
Bestract, 1 adj. Mad ; dis 
BESTR AUGHT, J tracted. 
Bestud, v. To ornament with 

Beswike, v. {A.'S. bestoican.) To 

betray ; to deceive ; to cheat. 
Besy, adj. Busy. 

Besyttyn. To set in order. Pr, P. 
Bet, (1) adj. (A.-S.) Better. 

(2) part. p. Beaten. 

(3) part. p. Bettered ; improved. 

(4) pret, t, for behet. Promised. 

(5) Go bet, go along, an old 
hunting cry, often used in a more 
general sense. 

Betake, v, (A.'S.) To give; to 

intrust to. See Beteche, 
Betalk, v. To tell; to give an 

account. Drayton. 
Betars, s, a word used in the 

accounts of the proctors of the 




church of St. Giles, Oxford, for an 
article used at the festival of that 
saint, which has been a subject of 
some discussion, and is supposed 
to mean bitters, or bitter herbs 
dried. In the earlier half of the 
16th cent, there is a regular 
charge in the parish accounts of 
Id. for a pound of betars or bet- 
tert. One of these items seems 
to throw some light on the sub- 
ject: "Comp. 1540. It. for a 
pound of Judas betars Id" Ano- 
ther item occurs occasionally, not 
only in these accounts, but in 
those of other churches, " for a 
pound of betars for Judas light." 
This item, coupled with others, 
for " wax for the dedication day, 
20rf." — " for a pound of wax at 
dedication day" — "for 4 pound 
of wax at S. Gyles tyde 2«. 6<f." 
— ** It. for gress {grease) at the 
dedication day," &c., has led to 
the supposition that the betars 
were mixed with combustible 
matter, to cause a smell in burn- 
ing. See, however, Betyng- 

Bbtattered, adj. Dressed in rag- 
ged clothes. 

Betaughte, pret. p, of beteche. 
Gave to. 

Betayne, s. {A.-N.) The herb 

Betawder, v. To dress gaudily. 

60i get ye home, and trick and letawder 
yourself up like a right city lady. 

Mrs. Behn, City Heiress, 1628. 

Bete, (1) v. {A.'S.) To amend ; to 
heal ; to abate. " Bete my bale," 
bring me relief from my misfor- 

(2) To light or kindle a fire ; to 
administer fuel. 

(3) {A.-S.) To prepare ; to make 

(4) s. Help ; assistance. Skinner, 

(5) V. (A.'S.) To beat. 

(6) V, To wadk up and down. 

(7) part. p. Bit. 

(8) s. A black-beetle. Devon. 
Beteche, v. (A.-S. betecan.) To 

give; to intrust to; to deliver 
Betbbm, v. To bestow ; afford ; al-> 
low ; deign. 

Yet could he not beteeme 
The shape of any other bird than eagle fur 
to seeme. Golding*s Ovid Metamph. 

And poore heart (were not wishing in 
vaine) I could beteeme her a better 
match, than thus to see a diamond 
buried in seacoale-ashes. 

C€ue is aller'd, Dram. Diahgue, 1635. 

Therefore the Cretan people much esteemed 

And cal'd him Grod on earth for his rare 

Much honor he receiv'd which they beteem*d 

And in their populer judgements held it fit 
To hurne him mirrheanu insence, for they 

deein'd Iiim 
Worthy alone amongst the Gods to sit. 
Ileywood's Great Britaines Troy, 1609. 

Betel, s. A hammer. 

Betelle, v. {A.'S.) To deceive; 

to mislead. 
Beten, ;9ar/. ;?. Beaten; worked; 

Betenoing, prep. Concerning; 

relating to. YorksJi. 
Beth, pres, t. of ben. Be ; are. 
Bethe, "I ,. 
bethen, J ^' 
Bethekys, pr^. Betwixt. 
Bethink, (l)t;.(.<^.-5'.) To grudge, 


(2) To recollect. North. 
Bbthral, v. To enthral. 
Bethuixt, /7rq9. Betwixt. 

The prest taketh that iike child 

In his hoiiden bythuixte. 
And seith, Ich ne cristin tliei naujt, 

jef thou ert i-cristned. 

William de Shoreham, 

Bethwine, s. The wild clematis. 

Betide, v. (A.-S.) To happen. 

BETiNED,a^'. Hedged about. Fer- 

Betle, a^^'.Soft ; fitted for cultiva- 
tion ; applied to land. North, 





1 V. (A.'N. 
'' f tray. 

HE, J ^ 

) Tobe- 

Betoatled, adj. Imbecile ; stupid. 

Betokb;, pret.t.pL oibeteehe. Gave. 

Betossed, adj. Troubled. 

Betouse, v. To drag about. 

Betraitor, v. To call one traitor. 

Betrappe, v. To entrap; to en- 


Betrax, *. a" bretesche, or bat- 
tlement. Pr. P. 

BETRAYNE,j»flr/. t, Bctraycd ; de- 

Bbtraysshe, v. To go about the 
streets of a town. Palsgrave. 

Betrrd, pari. p. Prevailed; con- 

Bktreint, part. p. Sprinkled. 

I^ETRiM, V. To adorn ; to deck. 

3et80, 8. The smallest coin cur- 
rent in Venice, worth about a 

And what must I give you ? 

Bra. At a word thirty livres, I'll not 

bate you a betso. Antiquary, 0. PL, x. 47* 

Bett, v. To pare the turf with a 
breast-plough. Herefordsh. 

Bettaxe, *. A pickaxe. Devon. 

Bette.c^;. (1) Good. Herefordsh. 
(2) Better. 

Bettee, 8. An instrument used 
by thieves to wrench doors open. 

Bbttelynges, s. Battlings ; bat- 
tles. Latimer. 

Better, adj. More. Var. dial, 
" Shee has now gotten the better 
way of him," i. e., beat him in 

Better-cheap, «. A better bar- 
gain; cheaper. 

Bettermost, superl. of better. 

Betterness, *. Superior. North. 

Betty-tit, *. The titmouse. Suf' 

Betwan, s. An open wicker bot- 
tle or strainer, put over the vent- 
hole in brewing to prevent the 

grains of malt passing through. 

Bbtwattled, adj. Ck>nfounded; 

stupified ; troubled in mind. 
Betwit, v. To taunt ; to upbraid. 
Betwixbn, prep. Between. 
Betyng-candle, s. A candle 

made of resin and pitch. Sharp^s 

Cov. My St. J p. 187. 
Bktynge, s. a rod, any itistrument 

of I unishment. Pr. P. 
Beufe, adj. Buff. 
Bbvbl» (1) *. A sloped surface in 


(2) t;. To cut an an rie. 

(3) *. {A.'N.) A yioient push 
or stroke. North. 

(4) s. A kind of square used by 
masons and carpenters. Cot- 

Beyer, (1) s. {A.-N.) An inter- 
mediate refreshment between 
breakfast and dinner; any re- 
freshment taken between the re- 
gular meals. See Beaver. 

Appetiha. Your gallants never sup, 
breakfast, nor beter without me. 

Ungua, 0. PL, v. 148. 
He is none of those same ordinary 
eaters, that will devour three break- 
fasts, and as man^ dinners, without any 
prejudice to their bevers, drinkings, or 
suppers. B. ^FL, Worn. EaUr, i, 3. 

(2) V. (perhaps from A..S. 

bijian.) To tremble ; to quiver. 

Bbyerache, 8. (A.'N.) Drink; 

Beverage, «. (A.-N.) (1) The same 

as bever. 

(2) Reward; consequence. Bob. 

(3) A composition of cider, wa- 
ter, and spice. Devon. See 

Beyer-ken, s. A cant term for a 
drinking house. 

Is the top of the shire. 
Of the bever ken, 
A man among men. 

JTits Reereatunu, 1645. 

Bbvish, V. To fall headlong. North. 




Bevt, #. {A.'N,) A company; 
a term properly applied to dif- 
ferent sorts of game, as roebucks, 
quails, and pheasants. An old 
MS., perhaps out of compli- 
ment, speaks of " a bevey of 

BswAiLE, «. To cause, or compass. 

As when a ship that flyes fayre under 

All Hidden rocke escaped hath unwares. 
That lay in waite her wrack for to bewaile. 

Spent., F. Q., 1, vi, 1. 

Bewaped, part, p. Astonished. 

See Awhape. 
BKWAiiKDf part, p. Expended. 
Bkwe, (1) ©. To bow ; to obey. 

(2) s. Drink ; liquor. 
Bewed, V, To wed. 
Beweld, \v. (A.'S.) To wield; 


BBwiELO, j to possess; to govern, 

or sway. 

The whiche shulde seme to be true, for 
80 much as this Eadwaiyn was of Inwful 
age to bewelde his landewhen his futiicr 
dyed. FtMan's Chronicle, p. 124. 

B£WENDBD,/7iir/.j0. Turned about. 

Bewepe, o. To weep for; to 

Bewbs, s. Boughs. 
Bewet, adj. Wet ; moist. 
Bewbt^, s. Beauty. 
Bewgle, 8, A bull. Hampjth. 
Bewhisper, V, To whisper. 
Bewits, 8, The leathers with which 

the bells were fastened to the 

legs of a hawk. 
Bewiver, 9. To bewilder. Devon, 
Bewly, adj. Shining; haying a 

lustre. Warw, 
BEWonDf part. p. (A.-S.) Imposed 

upon ; embarrassed. 
Beword, v. {A.'S.) To become. 

Wee mused all what would hereof beword. 
Thynne'e Debate, p. 61. 

Be WRAP, V, To wrap up. 

Bewray, ^ 
brwrey, (1) V. (A.'S.) To 

BEWRiE, > betray; to disco- 
BEWRiGHB, j ver. 


(2) V, To defile with ordure. 

Bbwkeckt, part, p. Wrecked, 

Bewrought, part. p. Wrought ; 

Bewtese, s. Civilities; cere- 

Bex, *, The beak of a bird. Notf, 

Bey, (1) *. {A.-S.) An ornameat 
of the person. See Heigh, 

(2) pret. t. Bowed. 

The wolf bey adoun his brest, 
And gon to siken harde and stronge. 
Eeliq. Antiq . ii, 276. 

(3) 8. An ox. 

And as concernyng beye, all ffate bey9, 
excepte a very ffewe for the bowse, ue 
sold, and mych of the stuf of howshold 
is con\ eyd awey. 

M'mattie Letters, p. 1§1. 

(4) ». A boy. Pr. Parv. 
Beye, (1) ©. To aby ; to atone for. 

(2) V. To buy. 

(3) adj. Both. 

(4) *. A bee. 

For tlie flyes that are abonte the water 
of K<:ipte, and for the beyee in the 
Asii-ians londe. 

Coverdale^e Biblf, Esay, ch. vii. 

Beyete, (1) V, To beget; pro- 
Ye sire, heo seide, be seint Katerin, 
Yif halyendel the child were thyn. 

Then miht ye gladnes seo. 
Dame, he seiae, how is that ? 
Nis hit not myn that ich beyat ? 
No, sire, i-wis, seith heo. 

Kyyuj of TarsA-l^. 

(2) 8. An obtaining; gaiuing; 


{Vjpart. p. Begotten. 
Beyghed, pari. p. Bowed. 
Beyke, v. (1) To beek; to warm. 

(2) To stretch. Pr. P. 
Beyn, adj. Pliant, flexible. Pr. P, 
Beyne, adv. Quickly ; readily. 
Beynesse, adj. Lively; quick. 

Beytk, *. (1) A sharper. North. 

(2) A bait ; a snare. 
Bez. Be; is. 
Bbz antler, 8. The second antler 

of a stag. 




Bezonian, 19. (from Hah be- 
BESsoGNE, j sognOj or besoffnoao.) 
A beggar. Shakesp. 

What Beeonian is that? 
Middleton's Blurt Master Constable. 

Beat the bessognes that lie hid in tlie 
Brome, Cot. Qard. weeded^ act ▼, sc. 8. 

Bezzle,1 v. {A.'N.) To drink to 
BizLB, /excess. 

'Sfoot, I wonder how the inside of a 
tavern looks now. Oh! wlieu shall I 
Inzle, bizle ? Honest Wkore^ part ii. 

That divine part is soakt away in sinne, 
In sensual lust, and midnight bezelitig. 
Marston, Scourge of V., Lib. ii, Sat. 7. 

Bezzle, 8. The slanting side of the 

edge of an edged tool. Norf, 

(2) «. A drunkard. 

Oh me! what odds there seemeth *twixt 

their cheer 
And the swoln bezzle at an alehouse fire. 

Hall's Satires, v, 2. 

Bezzled, adj. Turned, blunted, as 
the edge of a tool. Suffolk. 

Bi, *. {A.'S, by, bye,) A town or 

Balder bem was non in H, 
His name was hoteu sir Gii. 

Gy of Warwike, p. 267. 

Bi A con-weeo, 8, The plant goose- 
foot. Dorset, 

BiALACoiL, 8, (A,'N,) Courteous 

Bias, 1(1) adv, (Fr. biais.) In 
BiAz, J a sloping manner. 

(2) 8. A slope, **bya8 of an hose, 

(3) 8, A. garter. 

BiAT, (1) «. {Fr. biaut.) A leather 
strap over the shoulders, used by 
miners to draw the produce to 
the shaft. 

(2) "A kind of British course 
garment or jacket worne loose 
over other apparrell." Cotgrave. 

Bib, 1(1) ^' (from £a/. bibo.) 
bibbe, J To drink ; to tipple. 

There goeth a pretie jeast of a notable 
drunkard of Syracusa, whose manner 
was, when he went into the taverue to 

drinke, for to laye certaine egges in flit 
earth ; and cover them with mould : and 
lie would not rise, nor give over Uk- 
bing, till the whole wer batched. 

HoUand^a mn^/\,S^. 

The muses bacely begge, or bibbe, or both. 
Wamer*s Albums England, 1S92. 

(2) «. A ^sh, yadus barbahu, 

(3) 8, A child's pinafore. 

(4) 8. A piece of cloth attached 
to an apron to protect the upper 
part of a dress. 

Bibbed, adj. Drunk. Chaucer. 
BiBBBLER, 8, One who drinks 

I perceive yon are no gre^it byhler («. «., 
reader of the bible), Pasiphiio. 
Pas. Yes, sir, an excellent good bib- 
beler, 'specially in a bottle. 

Gascmgiu^s Works, sign. C, 1. 

Bibber, (1) «. A drinker. 
(2) V. To tremble. Kent, 

Bibble, v. (1) To drink ; to tipple. 
(2) V. To eat like a duck, gather- 
ing its food from water, and 
taking up both together. 

BiBBLE-BABBLE, 8, Idle talk. 

BiBERiDGE, 8, A forfeit or fee in 

He is a passionate lover of moming- 
draus;hts, which he jgcDerally continues 
till dmner-time ; a ngid exacter of num* 
groats and collector-general uf foys and 
biberidge. He admires the prudence of 
that apothegm, " lets drink first -."and 
would rather sell 20 per cent, to loss 
than make a dry bargain. 

EnglantTs Jests, 1687. 

Bible, 8. Any great book. The 
most remarkable superstition con- 
nected with the Bible, is the 
method of divination by Bible 
and key, described in the Athe- 
nian Oracle, i, 425, as follows: 

A Bible havinj; a kev fastened in the 
middle, and being held between the two 
forefingers of two persons, will turn 
round after some words said : as, if one 
desires to find out a thief, a certain 
verse taken out of a psalm is to be r»> 
peated, and those who are suspected 
nominated, and if they are guilty, the 
book and key will tun^ else not. 




It is still practised in Lancashire by 

young women who want to learn 

who wiU be their husbands. 
BiBLER-CATCH, 8. (A Corruption of 

bilhoquet.) The game of cup and 

ball. Northampt, 
Bible-clerkship, s. An ancient 

scholarship in the Universities, 

for a student who was to read the 

Bible at meal-times. 
BiBLiN, 8. A young bird nearly 

fledged. Leicest. 
Bicache, v. {A.-S.) To deceive. 

Pret. t, and part, p,t bicaughtf 

Bicane, 8. A poor kind of grape. 
Bi'CAQ, adv. By chance. 
BicHARRiD,j»ar#./?. (^.-5.) Over- 
turned ; deceived. 
BiCHAUNTE, V. To cnchant. 
BiCHB, 8, A kind of fur, the skin 

of the female deer. 
BiCHED-BONES, 8. Dicc. ChauceVf 
BiCHE-soNE, 8. Son of a bitch. A 

term of reproach. 
BiCK, 8. A wooden bottle or cask 

to carry beer to the harvest fields. 

Bicker, (1) t>. {A.-S.) To fight; 

to quarrel. 

(2) V. To clatter; to hasten. 


rS) 8. A short race. North, 

(4) 9. A small wooden dish 
made of staves and hoops like a 
tub. North, 

(5) 8. A beaker or tumbler glass, 
Bickerment, 8, A conflict. 
Bickorn, 8. An anvil with a 

bickern, or beak-iron. 

Bicleft, part, p. Embraced. 

Biclippe, 1 t>. (A.'S,) To em- 

bicluppe, J brace. 

Biclose, V, To enclose. 

Bicolle, V, To blacken. 

BicoRNBD, a^. Double-homed. 

Bid, \v, {A,-S, biddan) (1) To 

bidde, J invite. See Afa//A«tr,xxii, 

9, "as many as ye shall find, bid 

to the marriage.'' Still used in 

the North, especially with re- 
ference to an invitation to a 
funeral, which is termed a bid- 
ding. Two or four people, called 
bidder8i are sent about to invite 
the friends, and distribute the 

(2) To pray. North, To bid the 
beadSf originally, to say pray, 
ers ; afterwards, merely to count 
the beads of the rosary; each 
bead dropped passing for a 

(3) To entreat. 

(4) adj. Both. Skinner. 
Bid-alb, 8. The invitation of 

friends to drink at the house of 
some poor man, in hope of a 
charitable distribution for his re- 
lief; sometimes with a view of 
making a collection for a portion- 
less bride. 

BiDAWE, V. (A.'S.) To dawn. 

BiDcocK, 8, The water-rail. Dray- 

Biddable, adj. Obedient; trac- 
table. North. 

Bidder, 8. A petitioner. 

Biddies-nib, 8. A term of en- 

Jella, why frown'st thonP Say, sweet 

Hast hurt thy foote with treading late 

awry ? Davieg, Scourge ofFolhj, 1611. 

Bidding prayer, ** The prayer 

for the souls of benefactors in 

popish times. 
Biddy, 8, (1) A louse. North* 

(2) A chicken. 
Biddy-base, 8, Prisoner's base. 

Biddy's-eyes, 8, The pansy. So- 

BiDE,t>. (A.'S bidan) (1) To dwell; 

to abide. 

(2) To wait ; to endure. 

(3) For bidde. To require. North. 
BiDELVE, V. (AS.) To bury. 
BiDENE, adv. Immediately. See 





BiDE-owE, ff. To he punished, or 
suffer punishment. Kenneii, An 
old Norfolk word. 

Bidet, «. (Fr.) A small horse. 

Bio-hook, s, A hook belonging to 
a boat. 

BiooTi^B, *. (J.'N.) A weapon 
carried by the side, supposed to 
be a sort of lance. 

A bidowe or a baselard 
He berith be his side. 

Fier»Flouffhman, p. 640. 

BiDRAVELEN, ». (A,'S.) To Slob- 

ber ; to slaver. 

BiD-sTAND, *. A highwayman. 

BiE, (1) V. (A.'S.) To suffer; to 
abide. See Aheye, 
{2) prep. With. 
(3) *. A bracelet. 5ee Beigh» 

BiEL, ». Shelter. North, 

BiELDE, V. To dwell; to inhabit. 
See Belde, 

BiENPAiT, *. (A,'N.) A benefit. 

BiENVENu, «. (A.'N.) A welcome. 

Bier, *. The Redeemer. See Ay- 

BiBR-BALK, *. The church road 
for burials, along which the 
corpse was carried. 

BiEBD, 8. A lady. See Bird, 

BiERNE, 8. A man ; a noble. See 

BiEST, 8. A small protuberance, 
especially on the stem of trees. 

BiFFEAD, 8. A blockhead. Leic, 

Biffin, «. A sort of apple, pecu- 
liar to Norfolk, sometimes called 
beaufin ; but beefin is said to be 
the true name, from its resem- 
blance to a piece of raw beef. 

BiFOLD, part. p. Folded. 

BiFOLE, V. To make a fool of. 

BiFOREN, prep. (A.'S.) Before. 

BiFORMED, adj. {Lat.) Double 

Bio, (1) V, {A.-S.) To build. 

Keverthfletse some chronicles repoite 
That IrelmnaJl their capitayn had to name^ 
By whom it was so bigged. 

Hariyn^t Chromde^ t xxx. 

(2) V, To remain ; to continoe. 

(3) 8. A kind of barley. 

(4) Big-and'biff, very large, full 
big. Sofner8et, 

^'°*"' ]■». (J..S.) Birth. 

BiG-END, 8. The greater part. 
Bigbrnyn. {A.'S.) To ensnare. 
BiG'VREsUtadj. Very tipsy. Nortk, 
BiGGAYNB, 8. A nun. Palsff. 
BioGE, (1)0. To buy. Weber, 

(2) 8. A pap; a teat. Es8ex. 

Usually applied to a cow. 

(3 ) «. A name for the hare. EeUq. 

Antiq.^if 133. 
BiGGEN, V. (1) To enlarge. 

(2) V. To begin. 

(3) V. To rise after an acconclie- 
ment North. 

(4) 8. A kind of close cap, which 
bouud the forehead strongly, used 
for new-bom children to assist 
nature in closing the sutures of 
the skull. Shakespeare seems to 
use the word for any coarse kind 
of night-cap. A biggen, or biggin^ 
appears to have been part of the 
dress of barristers-at'law. Ken- 
nett describes it as "a cap with 
two long ears worn by young 
children and girls.'' 

Upon his head he wore a filthy cofBne 
biggin^ and next it a garnish of night> 
caps, with a saj^ butten cap of the 
forme of a cowsheard, overspred rerie 
orderly. Nash, Fierce PemiiUit. 

Ah sir (said he, turning towards the 

fentleman) will you perswade me then 
could shew any kiudnesse to this old 
biggin'd ape ? Don't you see she has 
nothing m her but what's capable to 
strangle love and ingender hatef 

Hietorg ofFrandon, 166B. 

BiooKA, 8. {A.'S.) A builder. 

BiGHES, «. Jewels. East. "Shei> 
all in her bighe8 to-day,'' 1. 1., 
best humour, best graces, && 




BiOBT, 8. (A.-S.) A bend, the 
bend of the elbow ; a bend in a 
river, &c. Anything folded or 
doubled. Still used in Cheshire. 

In the hy^t of the arme also 
Anojyr hys that mot be undo. 

Scliq. Anliq. 1 190. 

BiGiNG, 8. A building. 

jowre higinges sail men brenne, 
And breke jowre walles obout. 

Minolta Foenu, p. 23. 

BiGiRDLV, 8. A girdle worn round 

the loins ; a piurse. 
B I GIRT, adj. Girded. 
BiGLT, adj. (1) Loudly; deeply; 

boldly; strongly. 

A sweete yonth, no doubt, for lie hath 
two roses on his shoes, to qualifle tlie 
heat of his feute ; he looketh very bigly, 
and conuueth prauncin^ in. 

The Man in the Moon, 1 609. 

(2) adj. Agreeable; delightful. 

BiGNiNG, 8. Enlarging. 

BiGOLD,«. Chrysanthemum. Gerart^. 

BiGONNE, part. p. Gone; de- 

BiGRADDE, preL t, (A.'S.) La- 

BiGRAVB,j3ar^ j». (1) Engraved. 
(2) Buried. 

BiGRYPE, V. To seize ; to include. 

BiHALVE. V. (A.'S.) To divide into 
two parts. 

^'""°"' „ Ipart.p. Beheaded. 


BiHELVE, 8. Behalf. 

BiHEST, r. (A.-S.) To promise. 
Bihightt promised. 

BiHEWB, V. To hew to pieces- 

BiHOTE, V. (A.'S.) To promise. 

BiJEN, adv. Truly. York8h. 

Bike, «. A nest, especially of wild 
bees or wasps. 

Bikeche, v. (A.'S.) To deceive. 

BiKKi>t pret- i. Fought. 

Bikennen, v. (A.-S,) To commit 
to. See Bekerme, 

BiKERE, (1) V, {A.'S.) To skir- 
mish ; to fight ; to quarrel. 
(2) 8, A quarrel. 

BiKNowEN, ». (A.-S.) To know; 
to recognize; to acknowledge. 

BiL, 8. A fish of the cod kind. Ash. 

BiLAD, part. p. of bilede. Brought. 

BiL\NOER, 8. A small ship, of 
about eighty tons burthen, w. 

BiLAPFEo, part. p. Wrapped up ; 

BiLASH, V. To flog. 

BiLAVE, V. (for bileve.) To remain. 

BiLAYE, V. To besiege. 

Bilberries, s. The vaccinium 
myrtilluSf or vitis idcsa. In 
Staffordshire, Derbyshire, Che- 
shire, and most of the Northern 
counties, they are called whortlC' 
berries; elsewhere hurtle-berries, 
black-worts, and wind-berries; 
but, in Cumberland, Westmore- 
land, and Lancashire, they retain 
the older name of blae- or blea- 
berries, from the colour of their 
berries, which are livid, or a 
bluish black. Perhaps bit is a 
mere corruption of blea. 

Bilbo, s. A Spanish sword, so 
named from Bilboa, where choice 
swords were made. A swords- 
man was sometimes termed a 

Bilbocatch, 8. A bilboquet. The 
toy generally known as cup and 
ball. East. 

Bilboes, s. Stocks used at sea for 
the purpose of punishing of- 

BiLcocK, s. The water-rail. North. 

BiLD, 8. (A.'S.) A building ; a 

BiLUKR, *. (1) A long-handled 
mallet for breaking clods. North, 
(2) s. A builder. 
BiLDERS, 8. A kind of water- 
Bile, *. (1) (^.-iS.) Aboil. 

(2) Guile. 
Bilede, v. To lead about. 
BiLEF, adv. Quicklv ; suddenly. 




BiLET, 9. A willow plantation. 

BiLBVE, V. (A,'S.) (1) To remain; 

to stay. 

I know what is the peyne of deth, 

"Which liann I felt, for he ne mighte 

bifleve. Chaucer, Cant. T., 1. 10,895. 

(2) To leave ; to quit. 

The sronle addren, of whiche we spaake, 
Weren bileved att a lake. 

K. Alxsaunder, 1. 6S10. 

Bilge, v. To indent. Somers. 

BiLiBRE, 8. (Lat.) Two pounds. 

BiLiii^adj. Mad; distracted. Somers. 

BiLiME, V. To deprive of limbs. 

BiLiNO, 8. The whole number. 
Es8ex. See Boiling. 

BiLiTHE, 8. An image. Ver8tegan, 

BiLiVE, 8. {A.'S.) Belief. 

Bilk, (1) v. To cheat; to defraud. 
{2)8. Nothing. An old cant terra. 

Bill, *. (1) {A.-N.) A pike or hal- 
bert, formerly carried by the 
English infantry, and afterwards 
the usual weapon of watchmen. 

(2) {A.'N.) A letter ; a petition, 
or paper of almost any kind. 

(3) A promontory. 
Billable, 8. Liable to having a 

bill preferred by law. 

BiLLAM'kNTS, 8. Ornaments, espe- 
cially of a woman's head or neck. 

BiLLARD, 8. A bastard capon. Stat. 

BiLLEOE pret, t. Built. 

And the day afore the kvnge schulde 
have comyne to the archebysshoppe, to 
the seid manere of Moore, whiche the 
saide archebisshoppe hade piirchasshed 
and hylledfi it ryghte coniodiusly and 
plesauntly, the kynge send a gentylman 
to the seide archebiFshoppe. 

JTarkworth's Chronicle. 

Billet, *. (1) (AV.) A piece of 
wood chopped into the length con- 
venient for firewood. In North- 
amptonshire the term is applied 
to cuttings of sallow for planting 

■ osier beds. 

. (2) A stick, or cudgel. 
(3) The game of tip-cat. Derhysh. 

(4) A small bundle of lulf- 
threshed corn. Wett, 

(5) The coal-fish. 
Billetinos, 9, The ordure of the 

Billino, 8, Working. Yorksh, 
Billingsgate, «. A fish-market in 
London, proverbial for the coarse 
language of its frequenters; so 
that low abuse is often termed 
talking BiUmg^ate. 

BiVings was formerly a gate, thonsh 
now rather j7{>r/iM than jMrte, being the 
prime landing place and market for aonie 
sea commodities. Now, although as 
fashionable people live here as elsewhere 
in the City, yet mneh rode folk repair 
thither, so that one may term this the 
Esculine gate of London, from the drosse 
and dregs of the baser people flocking 
hither. Here one may hear Unguat 
Jurgatrices ; yea, shrewd words are some- 
times improved into smart blows be- 
tween them. I doubt not. but that 
Rome. Venice, Paris, and all pcqralous 
cities, have their BilUngsgate langnnse, 
in those places where fade people mdce 
their rendezvous. FuUer's Worthies. 

In short, if you would please a Russian 
with musick, get a consort of Billing*- 
gate nightingales^ which, joyn'd with a 
flight of screech owls, a nest of jackdaws, 
■ a pack of hungry wolves, seven hogs in 
a windy day, and as many cats with 
their corrivals, and let them sin^La* 
crymee, and that will ravish a pair of 
Russian luggs better than aU the mnsirk 
in Italy, heht avres in France, marches 
in England, or tne gigs of Scotland. 

Present State qf Russia, 1671. 

BiLLiNSGATRT,*. Coarse langusgc. 

After a great deal of £i7Sii^j^a/ry against 
poets. Remarks upon Remargues, 1673. 


BiLLMAN, 8, (1) A man who cats 


(2) A soldier armed with a bilL 
Billy, *. (1) A bull. Wight. 

(2) A bundle of wheat-straw. 

(3) A brother, or young fellow ; 
a term of endearment. North, 

(4) Removal, or flying off; a term 
used by boys at marbles. 

Billy-biter, t. The black-cap. 





tailed tit. North. 
BiLLY-wix, «. An owl. East, 
BiLOKE, part. p. Fastened ; locked. 
BiLOWE, r. (A.'S.) To bend; to 

BiLTEB, *. The water- rail. North. 
BiLYVE, 9. (A,-S.) Food. 
BiM-BOM, (1) 8. The sound of bells. 

(2) 9. Cobwebs. Somerset. 
BiMEBT, ar/o. By and by. Somerset. 
BiMELDE, V. {A,-S.) To speak of 

a thing. 

Panie, God the foqelde. 

Bote on that thou me nout himelde. 

Wright* a Anecd. Lit., p. S. 

BiMENE, V, (A.'S. bemdenan.) To 
lament; to pity; to bemoan. 
Part, p.y bimentf bemoaned. 
Pret. t.f bimindef mourned, la- 

Bin, (1) Been. 

(2) adv. Beingy in the sense of 
because, "Why dessunt stand 
up V* '* Bin ez cant." Devon. 

Bind, s, (1) Any indurated argilla- 
ceous substance. A mining term. 

(2) A certain number of eels; 
according to Kennett, two hun- 
dred and fifty. 

(3) A hop-stalk. South, 

(4) Anything that binds. East, 
Bind-corn, s. Buck-wheat. 
Bind-days, 8, Days on which ten- 
ants were bound to reap their 
lord's corn at harvest-time. 

Binding, s, (1) A hazel rod or 
thorn, used for binding the hedge- 
tops. North, 
(2) The tiring of a hawk. 

Binding-band, «. A girdle. 

Ccininre. A girdle, or binding-band: a 
girth. Nomenclator, 1586. 

Binding-bban-tree,«. The black- 

Binding-course, s. The top course 
of hay before it is bound on the 
cart with a rope. North, 

Binding-DAT, T *. The sc- 

BiNDiNG-TUESDAY, J cond Tues- 
day after Easter. 

BiND-WEED, *. The wild convol- 

Bine, \8. The stalk ofthehop- 

BYNB, J plant. See^sW. In Cam- 

bridgeshire, according to Cam- 

delis Britannia, malt was called 


BiNETHEN,j»rq». Beneath. 

Bing, (1) t;. To begin to turn sour, 
said of milk. Chesh. 

(2) adv. Away. Decker, 

(3) V. To go. A cant term. 

(4) «. A superior kind of lead. 

(5) s. A bin. 

Binge, v. To soak a vessel in water 

to prevent its leaking. Line, Leic. 

It is also used in the sense of to 

soak, generally. 
Binger, adj. Tipsy. Line, 
Bing-stbad, 8, The place where 

ore is deposited in the furnace. 

It was also termed bing-placet 

and bing-hole, 
Binime, v. {A,'S.) To take away. 
BiNK, *. A bench. North. " The bink 

of a coal-pit," the subterraneous 

vault in a mine. 
Binne, adv. [A.'S.binnan.) "Within. 
BiNNicK, s. A minnow. Somers, 
Binstead, 8, A bay in a barn for 

housing corn. Northampt, 
BiPARTED, \adj, {Lat, biparti- 
BiPARTiTED, J tvs.) Parted in two. 
Of Quintus Bamista his father's third son. 

As if one tree bare two houghs, none be- 

So thou dost all things in two parts divide. 

If all thing else should bipartited be. 

What of thy fathers goods would come to 
thee? Choen's Epigramst 1677. 

BiauAssHBN, V, {A,-S,) To crush 

to pieces. 
BiRAFTE, \pret, t, of bireve, Be- 
BIRAU5TE, J reft. 
BiRCHiNG-LANB. " To seud a per- 

son to birching-lane" a proverbial 

phrase for ordering him to be 





Bird, 1 *. (-<^.-5.) A lady. Avery 
BURD, vcomuion word in early 
BRiD, J English poetry. 

Bird, (1) s. The pupil of the eye. 

(2) 8. Any pet animal. Kent. 

(3) 9. Bread. Exmoor. 
B1RD-BA.TTING, 8. A method of 

catching birds at night with a 

net and light. 
Bird-bolt, *. (1) A short thick 

arrow with a broad fiat end, used 

to kill birds without piercing. 

(2) The burbot. 
Bird-bot, 8. A boy who drives 

birds from the corn. 
Bird-call, 8. A small whistle used 

to imitate the call of birds. 
Birder, 8. (1) A bird-catcher. 


(2) The wild cat. 
Bird-eyed, adj. Near-sighted. 
B1RDIN6, 8. Bird-catching. 
Bird-knappino, *. Frightening 

awav birds from corn bv noise. 

Devon. It is termed bird-keeping 

in Northamptonshire. 
Bird's-eye, «.(l) Gerinanderspeed- 


(2) Some kind of cloth. 

1665, May 14. To church, it being Whit- 
Sunday; my wife very fine in a new 
yelhiw bird's-eye hood, 'as the fsisliion is 
now. Pepys' Diary. 

Btrds'-meat, s. Haws. Somerset. 
61RDSNIES, 8. A term of endear- 

Dont talk to a body ao; I cannot hold 
out if thou dost, my eyes will rnn over, 
poor fool, pour birdsni'es, poor himbkin 1 
Oltcaif, Soldier's Fortune, 16bl. 

Bird-tentino, 8. Watching the 
birds to drive them away from 
the corn. 

BiRE, 8. {A,'S.) A stall; a cow- 

Biredi , (1) V. (A.'S.) To counsel. 
{2) part. p. Buried. 

Birelay, *. {A.'N.) A virelay. 
Perhaps a mere clerical error. 

BiREPK, V. To bind. 

BiRKVE, V, To bereave. 

BiRBWE, V. {A.'S.) To me. 

Birful, adj. Roaring. 

B1R6AND, It. A sort of wild 
birgandbr, j goose. 

BiROE, 8, A bridge. Northampt, 

BiRiEL, 8, Burial; also, & grave. 

BiRK, 8. A birch-tree. North, 

BiRL, 8. A rattling noise. North, 

BiRLADY. By our Lady. North* 

BiRLE, 9. (1) {A»'S.) To pour oat; 
to draw wine. 
(2) To powder ; to spangle. 

BiRLER, 8. The master of the revels 
at a bidding-wedding in Cumber- 
land, one of whose duties is to 
superintend the refreshments. 

BiRLET, 8. (Fr. bourlet.) A band 
for a lady's head. 

BiRNY, 8. {A.'S.) A cuirass, or coat 
of mail. 

Birr, 8. (A.^S.) Force; impetus; 
a rapid whirling motion. North. 

Birret, 8. A hood. Skinner, 

BiRSE, 8. A bristle. North. 

BiRSEL. V. To roast, or to broiL 

BiRT, s. A kind of turbot. " Byrte 
fvshe, rhombus.** Huloet. 

Birth, 9. A place; a station. 

BiRTHDOM, 8. Birthright. 

Birth-wort, s. The aristolocbia. 
The English and Creek names 
have the same signification (the 
latter from apicrra ralg \6xoiQt 
i. e.t good for women in child- 

BiRTLE, (1) adj. Brittle. East. 
{2) 8. A summer apple. Yorksh. 

BiRYE, *. {A.'S.) A city, or town. 

Bis, *. (1) {A.-N.) A silk of fine 
texture, generally described with 
the epithet jtmrj9/«. " Purple and 
bis " are sometimes mentioned 
separately, but the former is then 
probably used as the name of a 

Girt M'indsore Castle ronnde. Anon I saw 
Under a canapie of crymaon iyue. 




Spangled with gold and set with ulrerbels. 
That sweetUe chimed, aiid luld me halfe a« 

JfeeUi Honor of the Garter, 1593. 

(2) A black or dark grey colour. 

BiSAYB, "It*. (^.-5.) To see fit; 
BTSBI6HE, J think fit. 

BiscAN, *. A finger-glove. Devon, 

BiscHEDB, V. To overflow. 

BiscHBT, part. p. Shut up. 

BiscHTNE, V, To shine upon. 

BiscoRE, adv. Immediately. 

BiscoT, 8. {A.'S,) A fine imposed 
on the owners of marsh lands for 
not keeping them in repair. 

BiSGOTiN, *. (Fr,) A confection 
made of flour, sugar, marmalade, 
eggs, and other ingredients. 

Biscuit, s. A plain cake as distin- 
guished from a richerone. Susses, 

BiSB, V. (A.-S.) To look about. 

BiSBGGBN, V, (a.'S.) To reproach. 

BiSBKEN, 1 ». (J.'S.) To be- 
BisECHEN, J seech. 

BiSELET, 8, A carpenter's tool. 

BisEMEN, V, {A.-S.) To appear. 

BisEN, adj. Blind. See Bisne. 

BiSBNDE, V. (J.'S.) To send to. 

BisBTTEN, V, To place ; to set. 

BisoEE, 8. A short-handled mat- 
tock, to serve for a pickaxe and 
axe. West, 

BisBRBWB, V, (J,'S.) To curse. 

BiSHETTB, V, To shut Up. 

Bishop, (1) 8. A kind of punch 
made of roasted oranges, lemons, 
and wine. The name is said to 
have been derived from a custom 
in old times of regaling bishops 
with spiced wine, when they 
visited the University. Its cha- 
racter is given in the following 
lines : 

Three cups of this a prudent man may take ; 
The first of these for constitution's sake, 
The second to the lass he loves the best. 
The third and last to lull him to his rest. 

(2) 8. A popular name for a lady- 

(3) o. To make artificial marks 

on a horse's tooth, in order to 
deceive buyers as to its age. 

(4) V. To confirm. Bishqpping, 

Wanue the bisschop bissckopeth the, 
Tokene of marke be set to the. 

WiUiam de Shoreham. 

(5) *. A pinafore or bib. Warw, 

(6) V. To water the balls, a term 
among printers. 

(7) *. "That firy round in a 
burning candle called iht bishop.** 

Bishop'd milk, 8, Milk that is 
burned in the boiling, whence it 
acquires a particular taste. In 
Staffordshire it is called griev'd 
ox grew' d milk. In many parts, 
especially in Shropshire and Che- 
shire, when milk is burned, in- 
stead of saying " it is bishop*d" 
the phrase is, "the bishop has 
set his foot in it." 

Blesse Cisley, good mlstrist, that bushop 

doth ban, 
For buining the milk of her cheese to the 

pan. Tusser's Husbandry. 

When a thinge speadeth not well, we 
borowe speach and saye, The bysshopit 
hath blessed it, because that uothin^e 
speadeth well that they medyll withali. 
if the podeche be burned to, or the 
nieate over rosled, we saye. The bysskope 
hath put his fote in the potte, or The 
bysskope playd the coke, because the 
byshopes bum who thei lust and who- 
soever displeaseth them. 
Tyndale, Obedience of a Christen Man, 1535. 

Bishop*s-fin6eb, 8. A guide-po!it. 

BisHOPSwoBT, 8. (A.'S^ A plant, 
a species of carum. 

Bisib, adj. {A.'S.) Busy. 

Bisilke, 8. Some kind of silk. 
^^Bisilke the groce conteyning 
xii. do&sen peces, x.s." Rates of 
Custome Houses 1545. 

BisiTTBN, V. To beset. 

Bisk, {1)8. A term at tennis, a 

stroke allowed to the weaker 

party to equalise the players. 

Car. I am for you at tenuis. 

frigg. I'll give you a bisk at Longs for ten 

pound. Shadwell, True Widow, 167tt. 




(2) V, To erase. 

This was at length complained off: and 
he was forced to beg pardon upon his 
knees at the council table, and send them 
[the books] back again to the king's 
kitchen to be bisk'd, as 1 think the word 
is ; that is, to be rub'd over with an inky 

Calamy, Account of Ministers ejected. 

(3) 8. Broth made by mixing 
several kinds of flesh. 

BiSKY, 1 A biscuit. West 


BiSMARE, 1 *. {A,-S, bismer.) In- 
BiSMERE, J famy ; disgrace; con- 

Of chidynge and of chalangyiige 
Was his chief liflode. 
With bakbitynge and bismere, 
Andberyuge oi fals witiiesse. 

Piers PL, I 2649. 

BiSMB, 8. {A,'N.) An abyss ; a pit. 
BiSNE, {1)8. (A.'S. Ifisen.) A blind 


(2) *. {A.-S. bysn.) An example. 
BiSNBwiOy part, p. Covered with 

BiSNiNG, 8, Beestings. 
BisoGNio. See Bezonian. 
BisoKNB, 8. Delay; sloth. Bob, 

Bison, 8, A bull. 
BisFEKE, V, (1) To speak, to ac- 

(2) To counsel. 
BisPEL, 8. (1) {A.'S.) A term of 

reproach. Cumb. 

(2) A natural child. 
BiSE'RREN, V. {A.'S.) To lock up. 
BiSFRENGDE, /7ar/./7. Sprinkled. 
Biss, 8. {A.'N.) A hind. 
BisHADEWE, V. To shadc over. 
BissEN. Art not. West, 
BissYN, "I V. To lull children to 

BYSjYNE, J sleep. Prompt. P. 
BiST. Thou art ; art thou ? We8t. 
BiSTANDE, V. {A.-S.) To stand 

by or near. 
BiSTBRB, t>. To bestir. 
BisTocKTE, 8, A stock of provi- 

sions laid by. 
BiSTBBTEi a^. Scattered. 

BiswiNKEN, v. To labour hard. ' 
BisYHBD, 8, {A.'S.) Business; 

Bit, (!) pre8. t, Biddeth. 

(2) 8, The lower end of a poker. 
It is also used as a verb, to put a 
new end to a poker. We8t. 

(3) *. The nick of time. North, 
BiTAisTRi pret, t, oibitake. Gave. 
BiTAKE, V, {A,'S.) To give; to 

commit to. 

Bitch, *. (1) A term of reproach, 
given more especially to the 
female companion of a vagrant. 
The term " byche-clowte" is 
applied to a worthless woman, in 
the Gov. Myst, p. 218. 
(2) A miner's tool for boring. 

Bitch-daughter, «. The night- 
mare. Yorksh, 

Bite. (1) To bite the ear, was once 
an expression of endearment. 
Ben Jonson has biting the nose 
in a similar sense. 7b bite the 
thumb at a person, was an in- 
sult; the thumb in this action 
represented a Jig, and the whole 
was equivalent to giving the 
yico, a relic of an obscene gesture. 

— Dags and pistols I 
To bite his thumb at me ! 

— Wear I a sword 
To see men bite their thumbs / 

Handolph, Muses' L. Glass, 0. PL, ix, S20. 

Tis no less disrespectful to bite the nail 
of your ihuniA, by way of scorn and 
uisdain, and drawing your nail from 
between your teeth, to tell them you 
value not this what thev can do. 

Rules of Civility, 1678. 

(2) V, (A.'S.) To drink. 

Was therinne no page so lite. 
That evere wolde ale bite. 

Havelot, 1731. 

(3) 8, The hold which the short 
end of a lever has upon the thing 
to be lifted. 

(4) V. To smart. 

(5) To cheat. 




A bittern. 

A Tnerchtnt heftring that great preaclier, 

Preach against usury, that art of bitinff. 

Loyal Garland, 1686 

BiTKL, #. A large wooden hammer 
used in splitting wood. Berks. 

BiTHENKB, V. (J.'S) To COH- 

trive. Pret. t, bithought. 

BiTOBB, 1 (^_^j 
BITTOR, J ^ ' 

BiTBBNT, adj. Twisted. 

BiTT, 9. An instriiment used in 

blasting in mines. North. 
BiTTB, (1) #. The steel part of 

an axe. 

(2) pret. t. of bidde. Bad. 
BiTTERBUMP,«. The bittern. Xflnc. 
BiTTERMENT, 8. Arbitrement. Hey- 

wood, 1556. 
Bitter-sweet, "I». A sort of 


For al suche tyme of love is lore. 

And like unto the biUer-swete ; 

For though it thinke a man fyrst swete, 

He sHal wel felen, at laste, 

That it is sower, and maie not laste. 

Gower, ed. 1554, f. 174. 

Thy wit is a very Htter-noeeting ; it is a 
most sharp sauce. ShaJcesp., jRom., ii, 4. 

What in displeasure gone I 

And left me such a bitter-sweet to enaw 

upon ? Fair Em., 1631. 

Bitter-sweet, ». The wood night- 
shade. Gerard. 
\ BiTTERFUL,a4/. Sorrowful. Chauc. 
BiTTLiN, 8. A milk-bowl. 
BiTTON, 8. A bittern. 

L stuck with ostrige, cranes, parrots, 

hittoru, cockes, and capons feathers. 
" Dial, between the Cap /• the Uat, 1565. 

BiTTBE, adv. (A.'S.) Bitterly. 

BiTTYWELP, adv. Headlong. Bedf. 

BiVB, «. A twin lamb. Twin lambs 
are still called bive lambs on the 
borders of Sussex and Kent. 

BiWAKB, V. To watch ; to guard. 

B I WARE, v. To warn. 

BiwENTE, pret. t. Turned about. 

BiwBVE,». (1) (A.'S.) To cover. 
(2) To weave ; to work. 

. BiwiccHE, V. To bewitch. 

BiwiNNE, V. (A.'S.) To win ; to 

BiwiTE, V. (A.'S.) To know. 
BiwoPB, part. p. Full of tears ; 

BiwoRPE, V. (A 'S.) To cast. 
BiwREYE, v. To betray. 
BiYETE, v. To beget. 
BizoN, 8. A term of reproach. 

Bizz, V. To buzz. North. 
BizzEN-BLiND, odj. PurbUud. 

BijE, V. To buy. 
Bi ETE, *. (A.'S.) Gain. 
Bi-5UNDB,/?rfp. Beyond. 
BiiAA, 8. Blue. Still used in 

Blaaned, a(^'. Half-dried. Yorksh. 
Blaat, V. To bleat. Northampt. 
Blab, 8. An indiscreet chatterer. 

Cacqueteur. babillard, bnquenaudier, 
bavard. Ablab, a longtongue : one that 
telleth whatsoever he henreth. 

Nomenclator, 1585. 

Th' Ayre's daughter Eccho, haunting 

woods among. 
A blt^ that will not (cannot) keep her 

Who never asks, but oneljr answers all. 
Who lets not any her in vain to call. 

Jht Bartns. 

Blabber, v. (1) To talk idly. 

(2) To loll out the tongue. 

To mocke anybody by blabborinff out the 
tongue is the part of waghnlters and lewd 
boyes, not of well mannered children. 

Sehoole of Good Manners, 1629. 

(3) To whistle to a horse. 
Blabber-lipped, adj. Having 

thick lips. See Blobber and Blub. 

BijACK, adj. Mischievous; malig- 
nant ; unpropitious. 

Black-almain, 8. A kind of 

Blackamoor, 8. (1) A negro. 

The Moore soe pleas'd tliis new-made em- 
press' cie, 
Tliat she consented to him secretive 
For to abuse her husband's marriage bed : 
And soe in time, a blackamore she bred. 

Fercy, Bdigues, i, 223. 




(2) The bull-rush when in full 

bloom. Wight. 
Blackamoor's beauty, *. The 

sweet scabious. Somerset. 
Black and blue. The common 

phrase for a bruise of the flesh. 

But the miller's mcu did so bnste Iiis 
bones, and so soundly betliwack'd him, 
th<it thuymade him h(Ah black and blve 
with their strokes. Rabelais, i, S94. 

Black and white. Writing or 

Careful III let nothing passe without 
good black and white. 

Jacke Drum's Entertainment, a. 1. 

Black-a-vizbd, a4)'. Dark in com- 
plexion. North. 

Black-bass, s. A measure of coal 
lying upon the flatstone. Shropsh, 

Blackberries, s. Black-currants. 

Blackberry-summer, s. Fine 
weather experienced at the end 
of September and beginning of 
October, when the blackberries 
ripen. Hamps. 

Black-bess, 8. A beetle. Shropsh, 
In Berkshire, a black -bob ; in 
Yorkshire, a black-clock; and in 
Cornwall, a black-worm. 

Black-bitch, *. A gun. North. 

Black-blegs, s. Bramble-berries. 

Blackbowwowers, 8. Blackber- 
ries. North. On Michaelmas- 
day, the devil puts his foot on 
the blackberries, according to 
the general belief of the co^amon 
people. In truth, after this day 
they are seldom to be found 

Blackbrown, adj. Brunette. 

Black-bug, 8. A hobgoblin. 

Black-buried, adj. In infernum 
missus. Skinner. 

Black-burning shame, and a 
"burning shame," are everyday 
expressions. Northampt. 

Black cap, ». The loxiapyrrhula, 
orbulfinch.Zane. In Cumberland, 

this name is given to the mofa- 
cilla salicaria, sedge bird, reed 
fauvette, English mock-bird, or 
lesser reed sparrow; in Nor- 
thamptonshire, to the greater 

Black-cattle, 8. Horned cattle, 
including oxen, bulls, and cows. 

Black-clock, s. The cockroach 
(Jblatta orientalist. 

Black-coat, s. A familiar term 
for a clergyman, as a red-coat is 
for a soldier. 

Black-cross-DAT, s, St. Mark's 
day, April 25. 

Blackeyed-susan, 8, A well pud- 
ding, with plums in it. Sussex. 

Black-fasting, s. Rigid fasting. 
North. It is believed among the 
peasantry in Northumberland to 
be dangerous to meet a witch in 
a morning " black-fasting** 

Black feathers. Large black 
feathers were fashionablein men's 
hats about 1596. 

But he doth seriously bethitike him whether 
Of the gul'd people lie bee more esteem'd, 
Tor his long cloake or for his preat blacke 
feather. Sir J. Davis, Epigr. 47. 

Black-foot,*. (1) One who attends 
on a courting expedition, to bribe 
the servant, make friends with 
the sister, or put any friend off 
his guard. North, 
(2) The name of a bird. 

■Melnmpus, Ovid. juicA^inw^, nigripes. 

NomeuckUor, 158S. 

Black-frost, s. Frost without 

Black-grass, s. The fox-tail grass. 

Black-guard, s. Originally a 
jocular name given to the lowest 
menials of the court, the carriers 
of coals and wood, turnspits, and 
labourers in the scullery, who all 
followed the court in its pro- 
gresses. Hence arose the modem 
acceptation of the word. 




Her mf^eitj, by some meanes I know 
not, was lodged at his house, Ewston, 
farre Tin meet for her higlines, but fitter 
for the blttcke garde. 

Lodge's nitutrations, ii, 188. 
Will you know the companions of my 
journey? I was alone anionge a coach- 
full of women, and those of the electors 
dutchesse chamber forsooth, which you 
would have said to have been of the 
biacke guard. Moruon's Itinerary. 

Though some of them are inferior to 
those of their own ranke, as the biacke 
guard in a prince's court. 

Burton, Jnatomy of Mel. 

Blackhead, s, A boil. West, 

Black-heaoed-peggy, 8, The 
reed-bunting. Leic. 

Blacking, s. A kind of pudding, 
perhaps a blood-pvdding^ men- 
tioned in the 17th cent, as made 
in Derbyshire. 

Black-jack, *. (1) A large lea- 
ther can, used for beer. 

There's a Dead-sea of drink i'th' cellar, 
in which goodly vessels lie wreck'd ; and 
in the middle of this deluore, appear the 
tops of flagons and black jacks, like 
churches drowu'd i' th' marshes. 


Honour is a slippery thing, yet some 
persons will come to great preferment : 
as to reign sole King of the Pots and 
Black-jacks, Prince ofthe Spigot, Count 
Palatine of clean Straw and Provant, and 
Lord High Regent of Bashers of the 
Coals. FoorBobin,Yl^^ 

(2) A small black caterpillar 
which feeds on turnips. 

(3) Sulphuret of zinc, as found 
in the mines. Derbyah, 

Black-jack, 1 «. A kind of 
BLACK-JERU- l- greens. North- 
SAL H MS, J ampt. 

Black-lad-mono AY, 8. Easter 
Monday, so called from a custom 
on that day at Ashton-under- 
Lyne, termed riding the black 

Blackmack, 8. A blackbird. 

Black-ousbl, 8. A blackbird. 

Black-men, 8. Fictitious men, 
enumerated in mustering an 
army, or in demanding coin and 

Black-monday, 8. (1) Easter 
Monday ; so called from the se- 
verity of that day, April 14, 1360, 
when many of Edward Ill's sol- 
diers, then before Paris, died of 
the cold. 

(2) The schoolboy's term for the 
^rst Monday after the holidays. 

Black-money, 8. Money taken 
by the servants, with their mas- 
ter's knowledge, for abstaining 
from enforcing coin and livery in 
certain places, to the prejudice of 

Black-mouthed Presbyterian, 
8. A man who condemns everv- 
thing and accuses everybody, 
cutting off the most innocent 
indulgence, as Presbyterians are 
supposed to have done. North. 

Black-neb, 8. The canion-crow. 

Black ox. The black ox ha8 trod 
on his foot, a proverbial phrase, 
meaning worn with age, and 
sometimes with care. 

Sho was a pretie wench, when Juno 
was a young wife, now crowes foote is 
on her eye, and the black oxe hath trod 
on her foot. Lyly, Sappho §r PA., iv, 1. 

The biacke oxe had not trod on his or 
her foote. Heyio. on Totenham. 

Black-poles. «. Poles in a copse 
which have remained after one or 
two falls of underwood. Heref. 

Black-pot, 8. Blackpudding. So- 

Blacks, s. Mourning. 

Black's your eye. They shall 
not say black is your eye — that 
is, they shall not find any accu- 
sation against you. Wanley, Vo.v 
Deij 1658, p. 85, speaking of St. 
Paul's having said " that he was, 
touching the righteousnesse 
which is in the law, blamelesse," 
observes upon it, " No man 
could say (as the proverb hath 
it) black was his eye.** 




lean say hUicJ^t your eye, though it be 

I nave conniv'd at this your friend, and 

you. B. and H., Love'* Cure, iii, 1. 

He is the very justice o' peace of the 
play, and ran commit whom he will, 
and what he will, error, absurdity, as 
tlie toy takes him, and no man say 
black is his eye,hut lauifh at him. 

B. Jons., Staple of News, Ist interm. 

Black-sanctus, 8, A burlesque 
hymn performed with discordant 
and strange noises ; any extreme 
or horrible din. 

Thither wee came, whereat the entrie 
wee heare a confused noise (like a 
hlacJce sanctus, or a house haunted with 
spirits), such hollowing, shouting, 
duancing, and clinking of pots, that 
sure now wee suppus'd wee Imd found, 
for all this revelling could not be with- 
out Mounsieur Mony had beene on of 
the crew. 

Bowley, Search fcr Money, 1609. 

And upon this there was a generall 
mourning through all Rome : the cardi- 
nals wept, the abbots howled, the monks 
rored, the fryers cried, the nuns puled, 
the curtizans Iament<»I, the beis rang, 
and the tapers were lighted, that such 
a blacke sanctus was not scene a long 
time afore in Rome. 

TarltoH, News out ofPurg., 1630. 

Blacksap, 8. The jaundice in an 
advanced stage. East, 

Black-Saturday, *. (1) The first 
Saturday after the old Twelfth 
day, when a fair is annually 
held at Skipton. Yorksh. 
(2) In Northamptonshire, when 
a labourer has anticipated his 
wages, and has none to receive 
at the end of the week, they call 
it a black Saturday. 

Black-sculls, 8. Soldiers with 
skullcaps on their heads. 

Black-shoes, 8. Shoe-blacks, or 
men who formerly attended in 
the streets for the purpose of 
blacking the shoes or boots of 
any passengers who required it. 
This was a common practice in 
London at the commencement 
of the present century. 

Black-spice, «. Blackberries, 

Black-sundat,*. Passion Sunday. 
Blackthorn, 8. The sloe tree. 

Spinus A hlacJce thome tree: a sloe 
tree: a snag tree. NomenclalOTf l&8o 

Blackthorn-chats, «. The young 
shoots of blackthorn, when they 
have been cut down to the root. 

Blackthorn-winter, 8. Cold 
weather experienced at the end 
of April and beginning of May, 
when the blackthorn is in blos- 

Black-tin, 8, Tin ore ready for 

Black-wad, 8, Manganese in its 
natural state. Derbysh, 

Black- WATER, 8. Phlegm or black 
bile on the stomach, a disease in 
sheep. Yorksh. 

Black-witch, 8. A maleficent 

According to the vulgar conceit, dis- 
tinction is usually made between the 
white and the blact witch; the good 
and the bad witch. The bad witch they 
are vi-onl to call him or her that M'orkes 
malefice or mischiefe to the bodies of 
men or beasts; the aood witch th«*y 
count him or her that helps to reveille, 
prevent, or remove the same. Gaule. 

Black worm, 8. The black beetle. 

Blacksaunt, 8. (corrupted from 

black sanctus.) Any confused or 

hideous noise. 
Bladder-headed, adj. Stupid. 
Bladders, *. (1) (A.-S. bkedra.) 

Little rising blisters of the skin. 

(2) The air bubbles in bread. 

Petite vescie da pain. A bladder or 
little swelling bump rising in the crust of 
a lofe of bread. NomencUUor, 1585. 

(3) The kernels of wheat afifect^d 
Ly the smut. East. 

Blade, (I) v. To trim plants or 
hedges. Shropsh. It is an old 
word, for it occurs in the Prompt. 
Parv., " bladyne herbys, or take 
away the bladys, detirso.*' 




A brisk, mettlesome, sharp, 
ind active young man. 

, Samuel Cnrrett, son to Donald, 
belowe the burne, buried 25th 
mv godson (and a stout blade) 

I, Samuel E^binson being then 


Feltham's Tour to the I. of Man. 

[ as he came to Nottingham, 
tinker he did meet, 
: 8eein<; him a lusty blade, 
1^ did him kindly ^reet. 

Jtobm Hood, ii, S9. 

To blade it, to play the 

to go about vauDtingly. 

•LEEK, 8. A kind of leek. 

)rreau, porrette, civette. The 

eeke : maiden leekes : bladed 

Nomenclator, 1585. 

*. (1) The principal raft- 

ei roof. 

le shafts of a cart. South. 

Blades or yarne wyndles, 

struraente of huswyfery, 

«." Huloet. 

fiTH, 8. A maker of 


*. A low woman. Line, 
,, *. An engrosser of corn. 
RRY, *. The bilberry. 

(A.'S.) The grease taken 
J cart-wheels or ends of 
le-tree, kept till dry, and 
nade in balls, with which 
lors rub and blacken their 
Given by Kennett as a 
lire word. 

•RDE. A person with any 
in his speech. Pr. P. 
l)v. {A,-N,) To blanch; 
ten. North, 

'A.'S.) A boil ; an erup- 
'* Blat/ne or whealke. Pa- 


(1) adj. (A.-S.) Bleak; 

naked. North. 

To cry till out of breath, 
it with laughter ; to faint ; 

black in the face. Devon. 
K (A.-S.) Yellow. 

{A,-S.) To bleach; to I 

fade. To make his brows blake, 
or turn pale, was a common po- 
etical phrase, equivalent to, to 
vanquish him. 

And as he neghet bi a noke, 
The king sturenly him stroke, 
That bothe his br'ees con bloke; 
His maistry he mekes 

Eobson's Metr. Rom,, p. 64. 

Blaked, a^/- Blackened. Chaucer, 
Blakelino, 8. The yellow bunt- 
ing. North, 
Blakes, 8, Cow-dung dried for 

Blakne, v. {A.'S.) To turn black in 

the face ; to grow angry. 
Blame, adj. Blameworthy. The 
phrase *' too blame " occurs not 
unfrequently in the old drama- 

— Y' are too blame. 

And, Besse, yon make me angry 

The girle was much too blame. 

T. HeytDOod, Engl. Trav., sign. G. 

I were too blame if I should not tell 
thee anie thing. 

Menechmus, O. PL, i, 152. 

Blameplum. (A.'N) White-lead. 

BhWjpret. t. (A.'S.) Ceased. 

Blanc, \ (in the fern. g. blanche 
blaunc, J and blaunche,) adj, 
{A.'N) White. It is used in 
several terms and phrases, of 
which the following are the 
principal : 

Blanche brewet, s, A sort of 


For to make blanche brewet de Alyngyn. 
Nym kedys and chekenys, and hew 
hem in morsellys, and seth hem in al- 
ma nd my Ik, or in kyne mylke. Grynd 
gyngyveV, ^alingale, and cast thereto; 
and boyle it, and sene it fortlie. 

Warner's Antiq. Cultn., p. 39. 

Blanc de sor£, "] «. A dish 
BLANK dessorr^, in cookery, 
BLANK DESIRE >for making 
BLANK DE suRY, I which the 

BLAUNDESOR^, J followiug is 

one of the receipts : 

Blank dcssorri. Take aimandes blanched, 
gryude hem, and temper hem up with 
whyte wyne, or fleissh day with broth, 
aud cast thereinne floer of rys, other 




ftmydonn ; and lye it therewith. Take 
brawn uf cipoiis y-ground; take supr 
and salt, and cast thereto, and florish 
it with aneys whyte. Take a vessel y- 
holcs, and put iu safron, and serve it 
forth. Fornu of Cury, p. 10. 

Blanche-fbvbre, 8. *' The agues 
wherwith maidens that have the 
greene-sicknesse are troubled." 

Blanc-manob, \8. A dish in 
BLANCMANOER, J cookery. 

Blank-mang. Take capons, and seeth 
hem, thenne take hem up. Take al- 
niandes blanched, gtyndi hem, and aluy 
hem up with the same broth. Cast the 
mylk in a pot ; waisshe rvs, and do 
thereto, and lat it seeth. Thanne take 
brawn of capouns, teere it smalle and 
do thereto. Take white ^reece, sugar, 
and salt, and cast thereinne. Lat it 
seeth. Then messe it forth, and florish 
it with aneys in confyt, rede other 
whyte, and with almandes fryed in 
oyle, and serve it forth. 

Forme of Cury, p. 10. 

^LANC-PLUMB, 8, White-lead. 

Blanche-pobr£, «. A dish in 


Blaunche porrS. Take the Qwyte of 
lekes, and parboyle horn, and new horn 
smalle; and take onyons, and mynse 
hom tlierewith, and do horn in a pot, 
and put thereto gode broth, and let hit 
boyle, and do therto smale briddes, and 
seth hom therewyth, and colour liit 
wyth 8a£fron, anu do therto poudcr 
m'archant, and serve hit forth. 

Warner, Antiq. Culm., p. 51. 

Blanch, (1) ». Ore when inti- 
mately mixed with other mate- 

(2) V, To \irhiten; to change 

(3) ». To peel anything. 

(4) V. To shift off; to evade. 
Blancher, 8. Anything set round 

a wood to keep the deer in it. 

Men were sometimes employed 

for this purpose. 
Blanch-farm, 8. An annual rent 

paid to the lord of the manor. 

Blandament, 1«. Blandishment; 
BLANDYMENTB, J flattery. 
Blandb, (1) adj. Blended ; mixed. 

(2) V, To flatter. 
Blandise, V, {A.'N.) To flatter. 
Blandrell, 1 «. (Fr, blau' 

blaunderblle, J dvreau.) A 

kind of apple. 
Blank, ». (Fr.) (1) The white 

mark in the centre of a hutt, at 

which the arrow was aimed; 

the mark, the aim, a term in 


(2) A small coin, struck by 
Henry Y in France, worth about 
four pence. 

(3) The name of a game at dice. 
Blanker, «. (1) A spark of fire. 


(2) A white garment. 
Blankkt-fudding, 8. A long 

round pudding, with jam spread 

over the paste, and then rolled 

up. Su88ex, 
Blankett, 1,. a kind of bird. 


Blank-matins, a. Matins sung 

over night. 
Blankness, 8, Paleness. 
Blanks-and-prizb8,«. Beansand 

boiled bacon chopped up and 

mixed together, the beans being 

considered blanks and the meat 

the prize. Shropsh. 
Blank-surry, 8, See Blane-de' 

Blanpeyn, 8, (A.'N,) Oxford 

Blanscue, 8. A misfortune; an 

unexpected accident. Someraet 
Blarb, v. (I) To pat out the 

tongue. Yorksh, 

A mocke with the tong, by putting it 
out; a blaring aa a dug doth that is 
thirstie and diy. Nomendator, 1585. 

(2) To roar ; to bellow ; to bleat ; 
to cry. Var. dial. The following 
has been giveji us as a genuine 
sample of Norfolk dialect : " Lor 
mor dont s'n blarin o' that ne ;" 
which means, literally, "There, 
girl, do not stand crying in that 






(3) To talk loud. Sussex, 
Blart, V, To bleat. Norihamp. 

and Leie. 
Blase, p. To blazon arms. See 

Blash, (1) V, To splash; to paint. 


(2) s. Nonsense ; rubbish. Line. 

Weak liquor is popularly called 

blashment, and is said to be 

Blashy, adj. (1) Thin, poor, spo- 
ken of liquor. Norihamp. 

(2) Wet and windy. 
Blasour, s. a flatterer. 
Blass, s. The motion of the 

Blassen, v. To illumine. 
Blast, (1) v. (A.-S.) To boast. 

(2) V. To miss fire. Devon. 

(3) V. To raise the eyes in 
astonishment. Devon. 

(4) 8. An inflammation or wound, 
attributed often to the action of 
witchcraft. Somerset. 

(5) *. The blight. Sussex. 
Blasted, adj. Beaten down by the 

wind, applied to hay. North. 
Blabtrn, part. p. Blown. 
Blastment, «. A sudden stroke of 

Blasy, v. To blazon; set forth. 

BLATAVTt adj.{Lat.) (1) Bellowing. 

A word perpetuated by Spenser 

in his term of the"d^a/an/ beast.'' 

(2) Prattling. 
Blatch, v. To smear or dirty. 

Blate, (1) ». To bellow. North, 

(2) adj. Bashful ; timid. North. 

(3) adj. Cold ; bleak. 
Blatbroon, s. a babbler. 
Blather, v. To talk nonsense ; to 

talk up. 

Tliere's nothing gain'd by beinj; witty ; fame 
Gailiers bat wind to blather up a name. 

Beaumont and Fletcher, i, li. 

Blatter, s. A puddle. North. 
Blaun, at{;, {A.-N) White. 

Blaunch, 8. A blain ; a patch of 

large pustules blended in one. 
Blaunchktte, 8. (A.-N) Fine 

wiieaten flour. 
Blaunchmer, 8. (A.'N.) A kind 

of fur. Syr Degor^, 701. 
Blaunch-perr£ye,«. ^ttBlanche- 

Blaundesore,«. Sec Blanc-de-sor/, 
Blaun KR, s. A kind of fur, perhaps 

the same as blaunchmer. 
Blautch, 8. A great noise. North. 
Blauthy, adj. Bloated. East. 
Blaver, (1) v. To prattle ; to prate. 

Paston Lett.y iv, 22. 

(2) *. The corn blue-bottle. 

Blaw, v. To crv loud. Srissex. 
Blawe, v. (1) To blow. 

(2) To put to the horn, or ex- 


And ncvertheles in him was more cause 
ot cursing than in sum that to-day are 
blatcun in the kirk. 

Apology for the Lollards, p. 24, 

Blawino, 8. A swelling. North. 
Blawnyno, *. White-lead. 
Blawort, 8. The com blue-bottle. 
Blawze, 8. A blossom. Yorksh. 
Blay, {I) 8. A blaze. Essex. 

(2) V. To bleat. 
Blaze, (1) s. A yule-log. 

(2) V. To spear salmon. North, 

(3) 8. A pimple. Yorksh. 

(4) V. To blazon. 

I bcare the badge within my brest, 
"Wherin are blazde your colours bmre. 
Turberville, Epig. and Sonnettes, 1569. 

Blazed, (1) adj. A term applied 

to a horse when it has a white 


(2) To a tree when marked for 

Blea. (1) adj, (A.'S.) Yellow. 


(2) High ; exposed, in situation. 

(3) 8. The part of the sub-stera 
of a tree between the bark and 
the hard wood. 




Bleacht, a^^'* Br&ck\%h, Somerset, 
Blead, *. Fruit. Verategan, 
Bleak, (1) v. To bleach. 

(2) adj. {A.-S. blac.) Pale with 
cold ; pallid, sickly. 

Palle, et blesme. A bleake^ pale, or 
somewhat yellowish colour. 
* liomenclaiort 1585. 

(3) adj. Sheepish. East* 
Bleart, V, To scold ; to make a 


Bleasb, 8. (A.'S. bUBse.) A blaze. 

Bleat, adj. Cold ; bleak. Kent, 

Bleater, «. A cant term for mut- 

Bleather, 8. A bladder. North. 

Bleaut, "^ 8. ^A.-N. bleaust blu 
bliaut, I flttj*.) A kind of robe 
blihaut, i which fitted close to 
blihaud,J the body. The editors 
of early English poetry have 
commonlv turned the u into an 
n, and printed bliant instead of 
bliaut, and it has even been cor- 
rupted into bleaunt. 

Bleb, (1) «. A drop of water; a 
bubble. North. 

(2) V. To drink. North, 

(3) *. A blister. 

Blech, 8. Bleach ; water in which 

hides have been tanned. 
Bleche, adj. {A.'N.) White. See 

Blecken, v. To make black. 
Blbdder, (1) 8. A blister. 

How mey that be? wo dar theroppe steije, 
For dou^te of fotes bleddre. 

William de Shoreham. 

(2) V, To cry. North. 
Bledb, 8, Blood. 
Bleden, v. {A.'S.) To bleed. 
Bledewort, 8, The vdld poppy. 
Bleb, *. {A.-S. bleo ) (1) Colour; 

complexion. " Bright of blee*' is 

not an uncommon epithet of a 


(2) In a secondary sense, counte- 

nance, feature. 

Bleecu, 8, The bleaching-groiud: 

Bleed, v. To yield abundantly. 
Corn is said to bleed well when 
it is productive on being thrashed. 

Bleeding-boist, 8. A cupping- 

Bleeding-heart, 8, The wall- 
flower. West. 

Bleep, l ^^ ^ ^^ bileven, Re- 
blefede, [Gained. 


Blefp, adj. Turbulent ; noisy. East, 
Blefpin, 8, A block or wedge. 

Bleike, v. (A.'S.) To turn pale. 
Bleine, 8. (A.'S.) A pustule. 
Bleit, 1 ,. B^hful. North. 

BLATE, J •' 

Bleke, (l)a4^*. Black. Prompt, P, 
Blely, adv. Blithely. 
Bleme, adj. Powerful. Morte Arth, 
Blemish, «. A hunting terra, when 

the hounds, finding where the 

chase has l)een, offer to enter, 

but return. 
Blemmere, 8, A plumber. 
Blemmle, v. To mix anything with 

a fluid, as flour with water, by 

moving. North. 
Blench, (1) v,{A.'S.) To start, or 

fly off; to draw back. 

(2) *. A start or deviation. 

(3) «• A glimpse. Warw. 
(4)0. To wink, to glance. Shakesp. 

(5) V, To impeach; to betray. 

(6) 8. A fault. North, 
Blench ER, 8, Anything that fright- 
ens, or causes to start. 

Blencorn, 8. Wheat mixed with 
rve. Horksh, 


Blend, v. To pollute or confound. 

And all these storms that now his beanty 

Shall turn to calms, and timely clear away. 

Spetuer, iSoiui., 6». 

Blende, (1) v, (A,'S,) To blind* 

(2) adj. Blind. 
Blkndigo, adj. Cloudy. 




Blendings, 8. Peas and beans 
mixed together. 

Blend-water, s. An inflammatory 
disease to which black cattle ai'e 
liable. North, 

Blene, v. {A.-S.) To blister. 
(2) To arise, to bubble up. 

Blenge, V, To hinder. Ttisser, 

Bi.enkard, 8. A person near- 
sighted, or almost blind. North, 

Blenker, 8. A fighting-cock with 
only one eye. 

Blenke, e^. (1) To glance at; to 
(2) To appear; to shine. 

■ (3) To wince. 

Blenkre, «. Mingere perparce, 

Blenks, 8. Ashes. West, 

Blens, 8, A fish, the gadta bar- 

Blenschen, v. To darken ; to ble- 

Blent. The pret, t. and part, p, of 
biend, blende, and llenke, 

Bleren, V, {A,-S.) To blear; to 
make a person's sight dim. To 
" blere one's eye," to impose upon 
a person. 

Bleschen, v. To extinguish a fire. 
Prompt. P. 

Blbse, *. A blaze. Prompt, P, 

Bless, v, (1) To wave or brandish 
a sword. Spenser, 
(2) {Fr.) To wound. 

Blessing-the-fire-out. An ope- 
ration performed generally, I be- 
lieve always, by a female. She 
wets her forefinger with spittle, 
and moves it in a circular slow 
manner over and round the part 
that may have been burnt or 
scalded, at the same time mutter- 
ing inaudibly a suitable incanta- 
tion or blessing, in the mysteries 
of which I am not initiated. This 
I have often seen done, and have, 
indeed, not unfrequently experi- 
enced the benefits, be they what 
thev may, of the process. Moor's 
Suffolk MS. 

Bt.bssbdlocurre, adj. Blessedly. 
Blessing-fires, s. Midsummer 
Fires. West, 

Neddy, that was wont to make 
Sach great feasting at the w&ke, 
And the blessing fire. 
Browne's Shepher(Ps Pipe, 1772. 

Blessing-witch, s. The white or 

good witch. 
Bletch, *. Black, greasy matter ; 

the grease of wheel-axles. Staf, 
Blethelichb, a^fo. Blithely; free- 
ly; joyfully. 
Blether, s, A bladder. 
Blether-head, s, A blockhead. 

Bletinge, adj, (A,'S.) Flaming. 
Bleve, 1 ». To stay; to remain. 

blewe, J See Bileve, 
Blew-blow, 8, The coni-flower. 

Blewing, 8. Blue paint. 
Blewit, *. A kind of fungus. North, 
Blexter, 8. A person who blacks. 
Bleye, adj. Blue. 
Bleyme, 8, An inflammation in the 

foot of a horse. 
Bleynasse, 8, Blindness. 
Bleyster, 8. A bleacher. 
Bliake, 8, A bar of wood with 

holes to take the soles of a hurdle 

while being wreathed. Dors, 
Blice, 8, Lice. North, 
Blickent, adj. Bright; shiniug. 

Blids, 8, Wretches. Devon. 
Bligh, adj. Lonely ; dull. Kent, 
Blighted, adj. Stifled. " Blighted 

with the heat." Oafd. 
Bliken, V, (1) {A,-S.) To quiver. 

(2) {J.-S.) To shine. 
Blim, V, To gladden. Prompt, P, 
Blinch, «. (1) To keep off. 

(2) To catch a sight of a thing 

or person. Comw, 
Blind, (1) adj. Obscure. 

(2) Abortive, applied to flowers 
and herbs. Var. dial, 

(3) 8, A fence for skouts and 
sentinels, made ^1 \^\»\!^<&^ ^V 




reeds, canes, or osiers, to hide 
them from being seen by the 
enemy ; an old military term. 

Blind-is-the-cat, 8. An old 
Christmas game, perhaps blind- 
man's buff. 

Blind-alehouse, 8. 

Is the fidler at hand that iis'd to ply at the 
blind-alehouse ? 

Ethereget Comical Retenge^ 1669. 

Blind-ball, 8, A fungus. 

Blind-bucky-davy, 8, Blind- 
man's buff. Somerset and Glouc* 

Blind-buzzard, 8. A cockchafer. 

Blind-days, «. The^r*/ three days 
of March, which were formerly 
considered as unlucky, and upon 
which no farmer would sow any 
seed. Devon. 

Blind -EYES, ». The corn-poppy. 

Blind-hob, 8. Blind-man's buff. 

Blind-hooky, 8, A game at cards. 

Blind-man's-buff, 8. (1) A well- 
known chi||iren's game. 
(2) A kind of puff-ball. 

Blind-man's-holyday, 8. Twi- 

Blind-mares, 8. Nonsense. Devon, 

Blind-nettle, 8. Wild hemp. 

Blind-sim, 8. Blind-man's buff. 

Blind-tharm, 8. The bowel-gut. 

Blind-worm, ». The slow-worm. 

Blinders, 8. Blinkers. North. 

Blinding- bridle, 8. A bridle 
with blinkers. 

Blindfrllene, v. To blindfold. 
Pr. Parv. 

Blinding-board, 8. An instru- 
ment to restrain an unruly cow. 

Blinds, 8. A term for a black 
fluor about the vein in a mine. 

Blinb, 8. A kind of wood. Skinner. 

Blink. (1) «. A spark of fire, glim- 
mering or intermittent light. 

(2) V. To evade; to avoid the 
sight of. North, 

(3) V, To smile. North. 
(4)». To wink. 

(5) Blinking the malt, is putting 
it to work too hot. Cambridge. 

Blink ard, s. One who sees badlyj 

Blinked, adf. Stale or sharp, ap- 
plied to beer. 

Blinker, s, A term of contempt. 

Blinks, 8. An old hunter's term. 

BrisSes, bonghes rent by hunters from 
trees, and left in the view^ of a deere, or 
cast overthwart the way wherein he is 
likely to passe, thereby to hinder his 
running, and to recover him the better; 
our wood-men call them blinkes. 


Blinne, v. (1) {A.'S. bUnnan,) To 


(2) To stop, to delay. 
Blirt, v. To cry. North. 
Blisful, adj. Joyful; blessed. 
Blish-blash, 8. Sloppy dirt. 

Blissb, v. (1) {J.'S.) To bless. 

(2) (Fr.). To wound. 
Blissbne, gen. pi. Of joys. 
Blissey, 8. A blaze. Wilt8, 
Blissom, adj. (1) Blithesome. 

(2) Maris appeten8f applied to 
the ewe. 

(3) V. To copulate, said of sheep. 
Blist, pret. t. of bliase. Blessed. 
BliTj adj. Blighty. Dorset. 
Blith, 8. Face ; visage. Kewnett. 

Probably a corruption of blee. 

Blithe, s. Blight. 

Blivb, a£^'. and aJv. Quick; ready. 
A contraction of bilive. 

Blizzy, 8. {A.'S. blysa.) A blaze. 

Blo, adj. Blue ; livid. 

Bloa, adj. Cold ; raw. Line, 

Bloach, 8. A tumour. Skinner. 

Bloacher, 8. Any large animaL 

To Bloat, or Blots, r. To dry by 
smoke, applied especially to her- 
rings. A Bloat'herrinfff or, as 




"we now t;all it, a bloater^ a her- 
ring 80 dried. 

Lay you an old conrtier on the coals, 
like a sausage or a bloat -herring. 

B. Jon., Masq. ofMer., v. 429. 

Make a meal of a hloat-kerring, water it 

with four shillings beer, and then swear 

we have dined as well as my lord mayor. 

Match at Midn., 0. PI., vii, 343. 

I have four dozen of fine firebrands in 
my belly, I have more smoke in my 
mouth than would blote a hundred her* 
rings. B. andFL, Id. Princ, d. 

Three pails of sprats, carried from mart to 

Are as much meat as these, to more use 

A bunch of bloated fools ! 

^d., Q. of Cor.y n, i. 

Bloaze, 8. A blaze. North, 
Blob, «. (1) A blunt termination 
to what is usually pointed. A 
blob-no8€f a nose with a small 
bump at the end. 

(2) A small lump of anything 
thick, viscid, or dirty. 

(3) A vulgar term for the lower 

(4) A babble; a blister. North, 

(5) Thick. See Blub. 

(6) A drop. 

(7) A term applied to the flower 
of the water ranunculus. 

Blobrbr-lip. See Blub. 

Blob-milk, 9. Milk with its cream 
mingled. Yorksh. 

Blob-scotch, *. A bubble. Yorksh. 

Blob-tale, s. k tell-tale. 

Block, *. (1) The wooden mould 

on which the crown of a hat 

was formed. Hence it was used 

for the form or fashion of a hat. 

A grave gentleman of Naples, mIio having 
bought a hat of the newest fabliiun and 
best blocke in all Italic, &c. 

Euph. Engl 0., 3, b. 

Is this same liat 
O' the block passant ? 

B. Jons. Staple of News, i, 2. 

Tliat is, " of the current fashion." 
(2) The Jack at the game of 
Blocker, *I». A broadaxe. 


Block-horse, «. A strong wooden 
frame with four handles, to carry 
blocks. East. 

Bloc KP ATE, a. A blockhead. 

All these things may well be 8»id unto 
me, that he commoHly spoken against a 
foole, as to be called a bhckpate, a dull- 
head, an asse, a lumpish sot. 

Terence in Snglish,lM\. 

Blockstick, 8. A club. North, 

Block- WHEAT, ». Bnck- wheat. 

Blody, adv. By blood ; of or in 

Bloooy, 1 r. To look angry or 
BLOGO, J sour ; to be sullen ; to 

frown. Exmoor. 

Blokne, v. {A.-S.) To fade ? 

That, man, thi body arise schd 
Of deithe nammore to blokne. 

William de Skoreham. 

Bloman, 8. A trumpeter. 
Blomanoer. (^A.-N.) 8. A dish 
in cookery. 

For to make blomawjer. Nym rys, and 
lese hem, and wascli hem clenc, and do 
thereto god almande mylk, and seth 
hem til they al tobrcst ; and than lat 
hem kele: and nym the lire of the hen- 
nyn, or of capons, and gryud hem smal. 
Kest thereto wite grece, and boyle It. 
Kym bhnicliyd almandys, and safron, 
and set hem above in the dysche, and 
serve yt forthe. 

Warner, Antiq. Culin., p. 39. 

For to make blomanger of fysch. Tak a 
pound of rys, les hem wel and wasch, 
and seth tyl they breste ; and let ht m 
kele; and do thereto mylk of to pound 
ofalmaiidys; nym the perche, or the 
lopuster, and boyle yt, and kest sugur 
and salt also thereto, and serve yt forth. 
Warner, Antiq. Culin., p. 46. 

Blomb. (1) V. To flourish. 
(2) 8. A blossom. 

Blome-down. adj. Clumsy; clown- 
ish. Dorset. 

Blommer, 8. Noise ; uproar. 

Blonc, adj. {A.-N.) White. 

Bloncket, adj. (probably from 
Fr. blanc.) Gray. Spenser. 

Blondren, v. To blunder; to 

Blonk. (1) adj. Sullen. 
(2) V, To disappoint. North. 




Blonke, 8. {A.'S.) A steed ; a war- 

Blont, adj. Dull ; heavy. 
Bloo, ». To blow. 
Blood, «. Disposition. Shakesp, 
Blood-alley, «. A marble taw. 

A boy's term. 
Blood-boltered, adj. Matted 

with blood. Skakesp, 
Blood-fallen, a^. (1) Chill- 

blained. East. 

(2) Blood-shot. 
Blooding, s. A black pudding. 

Apexabo, intestinum san^ne fartum, 
admista arvina. A blouding or blacke 
puddinge. Nomenclatur, 1585, 

Blood-olph, 8. A bullfinch. East. 
Blood-sucker, s. A leech. 
Bloodsupper, «. A blood-sucker ; 
a murderer. 

Blood-wall, s. The dark double 

wall-flower. Northamp. 
Bloodwort, 8. {A.'S.) The name 

of a plant. 
Bloody-bone, 8. The name of an 

hobgoblin or fiend. 
Bloody.thursday, *. The Thurs- 
day of the first week in JiCnt. 
Bloody-warrior, s. The dark 

double wall-flower. West, 
Bloom. (1) «. A mass of iron 

which has gone a second time 

through the furnace. 

(2) V. To ahine ; to throw out 

(3) 8. Heat. Bloomy, very hot. 

What a bloom am I in all over ? give me 
my fan; I protest I am in a general 
damp. N. Tate, Cuckold's Haven, 1 685. 

(4) 8. The hot stage of a fever. 
Blooth, 8. Blossom. Devon. 
Blore, (l) v. To bellow like a bull. 

East. The blore is the moan of 
a cow, unsettled for want of her 
calf, or by being in a strange 
pasture. Lincolnshire. 

(2) 8. A blast; the act of 

(3) V. To weep. Prompt, P, 

Blort, V, To chide in a loud tone. 

Bloschbm,! AbloMom. 

bloslb, j 

Bloshy, \adj. Sloppy, windy, 

SLOSHING, J and rainy. Leic, 

Blosme. (I) V. {A.'S, bhsmian.) 
To blossom. 
(2) 8. A blossom. 

Blosmy, adj. Full of blossoms. 

Bloss, 8. A ruffled bead of hair. 

Blossomed, adj. The state of 
cream in the operation of churn- 
ing, when it becomes full of air, 
which causes it to be long in geu 
ting to butter. Norf. 

Blot, s. A term at backgammon, 
when one in danger of being 
taken up is called a blot. 

Blotch-paper, s. Blotting paper. 

Blote, adj. Dried. See Bloat, 

Bloten, adj. Excessively fond. 

Blother, v. To chatter idly; to 
make a great noise to little pur- 
pose. Var. dial. 

Blots, 8. The eggs of moths. 

Bloughty, adj. Swelled; puiTed. 

Blounchet, adj. Blanched. 

Blouse, s. {I) A bonnet. 

(2) A woman with hair or head- 
dress loose and disordered, or 
decorated with vulgar finery. 

(3) A girl or wench whose face 
looks red by running abroad in 
the wind and weather. Kennett. 
Such a woman is said to have a 
"bUmzing colour." To be tna 
blousey to look red from heat. 

Blousy, adj. Wild, disordered, 

Bloute, a<^'. (A.-S.) Bloody. 
Blow, (1) v. To blossom. 

(2) 8. A blossom ; more particu- 
larly the blossom of fruit trees. 

(3) 8. A bladder. Devon, 

(4) V, To inform of; to peach 




(5) V, To make a person blush or 

be ashamed ; to be btowtit to blush 

on a sudden surprise. 

All blown and red. 

Shakesp^ Rape ofLucreee. 

Blow-ball, «. (perhaps from A.-N, 
blaverole,) The corn-flower. 

Blowboll, 8, A drunkard. 

Blowe, V, {A.'S.) To blow; to 

Blower, s. (1) A fissure in the 
broken strata of coal, from which 
a feeder or current of inflammable 
air discharges. North, 

(2) A child's name for the downy 
heads of dandelion. 

(3) " One man*s particular lass." 
Dunton*s Ladies^ Dictionary, 

Blow-plt, 9. The large blue fly 

which blows meat. 
Blowing, 9. (1) A blossom. Wilts. 

(2) The egg of a bee? Harrison* 8 

Descr. ofEngL, p. 229. 
Blow-m AUNOER, s. A f uU fat-faccd 

person, with cheeks puffed out. 

Blow-milk, «. Skimmed milk. 

Blown, adj. (1) Swelled; inflated. 

(2) Proud, insolent. 

(3) Stale, worthless. 

(4) To say a cow or beast is blown, 
when in pain from the fermenta- 
tion of green food having caused 
a distention of its carcase, is com- 
mon, perhaps, to many counties. 
When a man or horse is panting 
for breath from over-exertion, he 
is also said to be blown. ^Moor's 
Suffolk MS. 

Blown-herrino. " In some parts 
of England they are called bloated 
herrings; and the term occurs in 
several of our writers about Eliza- 
beth's day, but not, I believe, in 
Shakespeare. The word bloated 
is a confirmation of the above 
conjecture as to the origin of 
Motciti being merely another form 

of the word, but not so applicable. 
We sometimes see and hear bloum, 
bloated, and puffed up, in nearly 
the same sense. I have heard 
our blown-herrings called bawen 
herrings, and bone-herrings, but 
never any good reason for so 
calling them. Hoven is another 
sense of blown or puffed up, 
but never applied to a herring. 
Since the above was written, I 
have seen (October, 1823) in a 
shop in Great Russell Street, a 
parcel of ^fotm-herrings ticketed 
* fine Yarmouth bloaters.* 1824, 
in the autumn of this year, hear- 
ing the blown or bown herrings 
cried in Woodbridge by the name 
of Tow Bowen herrings, 1 learned 
on enquiry that it is a common 
name for them." Moor's Suffolk 

Blow-point, s. A child's game, 
mentioned in old writers. 

Blowre, 8. A pustule. 

Blowry, adj. Disordered. Warw. 

Blows, s. Trouble, or exertion. 

Blowse, 8. See Blouse, 

Blow-shoppb, s. a forge. 

Wild bores, bulls, and falcons bredde 
there in times uaste ; now, for lakke of 
woodde, blow-shoppe* decay there. 

Leland, Itin.f vol. vii, p. 43. 

Blowt, v. To make a loud queru- 
lous noise. North. 

Blowth, 8. A blossom. 

Blowty, adj. Applied to a person 
who increases in size by a false 
appearance of fat. Norf, 

Blu, adj. Blew. 

Blub, (1) v. To swell. 

(2) adj. Swollen, plump, round. 

Odd 1 She has a delicate lip, such a lip, so 
red, so hard, so plump, so blub. 

Otwaij, Soldier's Fortune, 1681. 

Yott have a pretty pouting about the mouth 
like me, and fine little blub lips. 

Shadwell, True Widow, 1679. 

Bucco, burculentus, Plauto, cui tumi- 
diures sunt buccn, aut oa grandius. 




yva9ttxv. Joufflo, OQ geullard, qui a la 
bouclie grande. TImt hath bii; cheeks, 
or a great and laree mouth : hlub cheeked : 
sparrow numthed. NomeudeUor, 1685. 

Blubber, (1 ) #. A bubble. Var. 

(2) To bubble, as water. 

(3) V. To cry ; to weep till the 
tears stand in bubbles. 

(4) 8, The name given by sailors 
to the sea nettle. 

Blubber-grass, ». Diflferent spe- 
cies of bromus, so-called from 
their soft inflated glumes. East, 

Bluck, v. " So the true men shall 
be hunted and Mucked," The 
Featyvall^ fol. xxvi, r°. 

Blue, (1) *• Bloom. Devon. 

(2) *. Ale. Somerset. 

(3) V, To " look blue," to look 
disconcerted ; to be mortified or 

Blue-bottle, a. (1) A term for a 
servant or beadle, from the colour 
formerly used for their dresses. 
(2) A large blue fly. 

Blue-bottles, a. The blue flowers 
which grow among wheat. Oxfd. 

Blue-caps,«. (l)Meadow scabious. 

(2) The corn blue bottles. North- 

Blue-inkle, a. Some substance 
which burnt with a strong offen- 
sive smell. 

Ah mel help, help my lady! cut her 
lace, cut her lace I get some ursa loetida, 
blew inkle, or partridge feathers, and 
burn under her nose. 

Shadwell, Amorous Bigoiie, 1690. 

Gad take me! hold the gentlewoman, 
bring some cold water, ana flower, bum 
some blew inkle and partridge feathers, 
*ti3 my ladies medicine. 

Shadwell, The Scowrers, 1691. 

Blue-isaac,«. The hedge-sparrow. 

Blue-john, a. Fluor spar. Derbyah, 
Blue-milk, a. Skimmed milk. 
Blue-moon, *. He won't do it for 

a blue moon, i. e., never. 

Bluk-rock, •• The wild pigeon. 

Blue-stockino, •• A woman who 
addicts herself to study or author- 

Blub.tail,«. Thefieldfiaie. North- 

Blue-vinnied, a^. Covered with 
blue mould. South. 

Bluff, (1) a^f. Churlish; surly. 

(2) adj. Big and puffed up, as it 
were with wind. 

(3) V, To blindfold. North. 

(4) a. A tin tube through which 
boys blow peas. Suffolk. 

(5) a. The blinker of a horse. 
Line, and Leic. 

Bluffer, a, A landlord of an | 

BLUFFiN,t>. To bluster; to swagger. | 

Bluftbd, adj. Hoodwinked. Line, 
Blufter, a. A horse's blinker. 

Line., Leic. Blufted, having 

blinkers on. 
Blunder, (1) a. Confusion; trouble. 

(2) V. To disturb. 

(3) V. To blunder water, to stir 
or puddle, to make it thick and 

Blunderbuss, a. A stupid fellow. 

Blunge, v. To break or blend 
whilst in a state of maceration ; 
a potter's term. A long fliit 
wooden instrument, called a bhm- 
ger, is used for this purpose. 

Blunk, (1) adj. Squally ; tempes- 
tuous. Eaat. 

(2) V. To snow, to emit sparks. 

(3) *. Any hght flaky body. 

(4) «. A fit of stormy weather. 
Blunket, (1) «. A white stuff, 

probably woollen. 
(2) a. A light blue colour. 
Blunt, (1) *. The slang term for 

(2) *. A pointless rapier, or foil 
to feuce with. ** Baire le fer, 




to play at 6htnt, or at-foyles/' 

BLua, 8. A blot. North, 

Blurry, «. A mistake, a blunder. 

Blurt, (1) An interjection of con- 
tempt. '* Blurt, master constable,'^ 
a fig for the constable, seems to 
have been a proverbial phrase^ 
(2) V. To blurt at, to hold in 
contempt. "Bocch€ggiare,io make 
mouths, or bluri with ones lips." 

Blu&h, 8, Resemblance ; look. At 
the first bhuh, at the first sight. 

Blush E, v. To look. 

Blushet, 8, One who blushes; 
used by Ben Jonson for a young 
modest girl. 

Blust,«. £rysipelous inflammation. 

Blustbr-wood, 8, The shoots of 
fruit trees or shrubs which re%uire 
to be pruned out. Ea8t, 

BLUSTRE,t;. To stray along without. 

any particular aim. 

But hlustreden fortU as beestei 
Over baukes and bilks. 

Piers Fl, p. 108. 

Blustrous, adj. Blustering. 

Blutbr, (1) adj. Dirty. 

(2) V, To blot, to dirty, to blub- 
ber. North. 

Blutter, V, To speak nonsensi- 

Bluv, v. To believe. Ea8t. 

Bluzzed, adj. Darkened ; blinded. 

Bly, 8, {I) Likeness ; resemblance. 
Ea8t. See blee, 
(2) A transient view. Ea8t. 

Bltcand, a^, {J,'S.) Glittering ; 

Blyfe, adv> Quickly. See Belive, 

Blykkbd, pret, t. Shone. 

Bo. (1) adj. Both. 

(2) «. A hobgoblin. North, 

Boallino, 8, Drinking, i, «., bowl- 
ing, or emptying the bowl. 

Boar, 8, A clown, for boor. 

Boar-cat, t, A tom-cat. Kent, 

The word ocenrs in Wyeherleyf 
Plain-dealer, 1677. 

Board, (1) v, (^.-iV. aborder,) To 
address ; to accost. 
(2) 8. An old cant term for a 

(3)«. A kind of excavation. North, 
(4) "Set him a clear board in 
the world," t. c, put him in a 
good position as to pecuniary' 

Boarder, adj. Made of board. 

Boarding-bridge, 8, A plank laid 
across a running stream. West, 

Boar-necked, adj, A term applied 
in some parts to sheep, when 
affected with a disease which 
causes their necks to be bowed. 

BoAR-sEO, 8. A pig kept for three 
or four years as a brawn, Shrop8, 

BoAR-sTAo, 8, A gelded boar. 

BoAR-THiSTLE, 8. The cardutu Um» 
ceolaiu8, Lin. 

BoATiox, 8. {Lat.) An uproar. 
[ BoAT-wHisTLER, 8, Little bottlcs 
which grow on the sea shore, 
which the boys cut a hole in and 
make whistles of, and blow in 
imitation of the boatswain's 
whistle; properly, the bottle ore. 

Bob, 8, (A.'N, bobe,) (1) A joke ; 

a pleasantry. A dry bobt a dry 

joke. To give the bob was a phrase 

equivalent to that of giving the 

dor, or imposing upon a person. 

He that a fool doth very wisely hit» 
Doth very foolishly, altiio' he smar^ 
Kot to seem senseless of the bob. 

A$ you like it, ii, 7. 

1 have drawn blood at one's brains with 
a bitter bob. 

Alex, and Cktmfo^, 0. fl, ii, 118. 

C. I guess the business. S. It can be no 

Bat go give me tie bob, that being a matter 
Of main importance. 

Massing, Maid qfSonour,iv, 6. 

So, ladies, I thank yon for the tricks you 
have put npon me ; but, madam, I am 
even with you for your London tricks, I 
have given you such a bob. 

SkadtoeU, Epsom WeJU, 1673. 




(2) V, To cheat ; to outwit. 

There binding botli, and bobbing them, then 
trembling at her yre. 

Warner's Jlbions Bngland^ 1592. 

Let him be bob*d that bobs will have; 
But who by means of wisdom hie 
Hath sav'd his charp;e?— It is even L 
FemJMT. ArcaLy lib. ii, p. 208. 

Ims^ning that all the wit in plays con- 
sisted in bringing two persons upon the 
stage to break jests, and to bob one 
another, which they call repartie. 

Shadwell, SuUen Lovers, 1670. 

No, I am no statesman, but you may 
please to remember who was bob*d at 
Ostend, ha, ha I Id., ib. 

!3) V, To disappoint. North, 
4) *. A blow. 

(5) ». A bunch. North, 

(6) 8, A ball. Yorksh, 

(7) a. The burthen of a song. 
To bear a bob^ to join in chorus ; 
also, to take a part in some foolish 

(8) To fish. North, 

(9) To " bear a bob," to be brisk. 

(10) «. The pear-shaped piece of 
lead attached to the line of a 
carpenter's level. East, 

(11) V. To swing backwards and 
forwards sitting on a rope. 

(\2) 8, A ringing of bells. 

(13) V, To bob up the hair, to 
twist it in papers. 

(14) 8, A louse, or any small in- 
sect. Hants, *' Spiders, bobbs^ and 
lice," are mentioned in MS., 
Addit. 11812, f. 16. 

(15) 8, A short wig. 

(16) V. To strike; to beat. 

(17) V, To cut. 

(18) V, To pass in or out. 

(19) «. A term applied to a par- 
ticular method of taking eels. 
(20) ». The engine beam. North, 

(21) adj. Pleasant; agreeable. 

(22) s, A slang word for a shilling. 
BoBAN, 1 *. (A.-N,) Pride ; va- 


\8. (A 

E, J nity. 

So prout he is, and of so gret hohtm. 

6y of Wanoike, p. 96. 
For certeynly, I say for no bobaunee, 
Yit was 1 never withouten purvey aunee 
Of mariage, ne of no thinges eeke. 

Chaucer, C. T., 6151. 

BoB-AND-HiT, «. Blind-man's-buff. 

BoBBANT, adj. Romping. WUta, 

^S.}"- To buffet; to strike. 

Ye thoght ye had a full gode game, 
When ye my sone with buffettes Miydd. 
Cambr. MS., Uth cent. 

BoBBEROus, adj. Saucy ; forward. 

Bobbery, s, A squabble; an 

Bobbin, «. A small fagot. Eent, 
BoBBiN-AND-jOAN, 8. Thc flowers 

of the arum maculatum. North' 

BoBBiNG-BLOCK, 8, A thing that 

may be struck with impunity; an 

unresisting fool. 

Became a foole, yea more then that, an asse, 

A bobbing-blocke, a beating stocke, an owle. 

Giucoiffne's Devises, p. Z6l. 

Bobbish, adj, A trivial word, used 
in different senses, such as, pretty 
well in health ; not quite sober ; 
somewhat clever. 

Bobble, s, A pebble. Comw, 

Bobblb-cock, 8, A turkey-cock. 

Bobbs, 8, Pieces of clay used by 
potters to support their ware 
before it is baked. Sta^. 

Bobby, adj. Smart ; neat. North, 

Bobby- WREN,«. The common wren. 

Bob- CHERRY, 8, A children's game. 

Bobet, 8, A buffet or stroke. 

Bobetts, 8. Thick pieces ; gobbets. 

BOBOLYNB, 8. A fool. 

Be we not bobolynes, 
Sutch lesinges to beleve. 

Skelton, ii, 445. 

BoBRELLE, 8, The nymphae pu- 
dendL " Haec caturda, Anglice a. 




bobreUer Nominale, MS. Ibth 

Bobtail, (1) v. To cut off the tail. 

(2) 8, The steel of an arrow which 

is small-breasted, and big towards 

the head. Kersey. 
BoBY, 8. Cheese, ffeat. 
Boc, 8. {A.-S.) A book. Boc-housef 

g. library. 
BocAsiN, 8. A sort of buckram. 
BoccoNE, 8. (Ital.) A morsel. 
BocB (1)9. To emboss. Palsgrave. 

(2) 8. A boss, or lump. 

Alas! 8om men of hem schewen the 
Bchap and the hoce of the horrible swollen 
membres, that semeth like to the male- 
aies of hirnia, in the wrapping: of here 
liose. ChauceTt Fersones T. 

BocBS, 8. Sardines. 

BocHANT, 8. A forward girl. WUis. 

BocHE, 8. A boss or swelling ; a 

BocHBR,9. (1) A butcher. Bocheryj 
butchery, butchers' meat. 
(2) The name of a fish. 

BocK, 8. Fear. Devon. 

BocKE, (1) A verb to which Pals- 
grave gives the different mean- 
ings, to belch; to look upon 
any one disdainfully ; to make a 
noise like that of a toad. 

(2) V. To flow out. 

(3) 8. A book. 

BocKEREL, 1 «. A long-winged 
BOCKERET, J hawk. 

BocKNB, V. To teach; to press 

BocTAiL, 8. A bad woman. Coles. 

Bod, v. To take the husks off wal- 
nuts. Wilts. 

BoDDLE, 8. A small iron tool used 
for peeling trees. North. 

BoDDUM, 8. Principle. North. 

Bode. (1) s. (A.-S.) A stay or 

(2) 8. A command. 

(3) 8. A message ; an offer. 

(4) 8. An omen. 

(5) V. To forbode. 

(6) 8. {A.-S. beod.) Board, living. 

(7) The pret. t. and sometimes 
the part. p. of bidde. 

(8) The pret. t. of bide. 
BoDE-CLOTH, 8. A table-cloth. East, 
Boded, adj. Overlooked; fated; 

infatuated. Devon. 
Boder, 8. A messenger. 
Boderino, 8. The lining of the 

skirt of a woman's petticoat. 
Bodge. (1) «. A patch. 

(2) V. To patch clumsily. 

(3) To boggle, to fail. 

(4) A kind of measure, probably 
half a peck. 

BoDOET, 8. A budget. 

Of the marchaunt that lost his hodgette 
betwene Ware and London : — A certayne 
marchant betwene Ware and London 
lost his bodget, and a c. li. therein, 
wherfure he caused to proclayme in 
dyvers market townes, who so ever that 
founde the sayde bodget, and woide 
bryn^ it afrayne, shulde have xz. li. 
for his labour. 

Tales and Qu. Anno. 

Bodily, adv. Entirely, all at once. 

Bodkin, s. (1) (A.-S.) A dagger. 

Was noon so hardy walkyng bv the weye. 
That with hir dorste rage or efles pleye. 
But if he wold be slayn of Symekyn, 
With panade, or with knvf, or boydeJcyn. 

Chaucer, C.T.,Z%h. 

Enow I am for thee, from the cannon shot 
Unto the smallest bodkin can be got. 
Name any weapon whatsoe're thou wilt. 
Eovlande, Knave ofClubbe, 1611. 

(2) A sort of ri.h cloth, a cor- 
ruption of baudkin. 

Bodkin-work, s. A sort of trim- 
ming worn on the gown. 

Bodle, 8. A small coin, worth 
about the third part of a half- 
penny. North. 

BoDRAKB, I 8. Depredation; a bor- 
B0DRA6E, J der excursion. 

By meanes wherof the said castelles be 
not for our defence ae^iynst ther steltlie 
and bodraiee, accoraine as they were 
fyrst ordeyned, but rather take part of 
suche botyes as comeyth by them to- 
wardes the Iryshery, to kepe the thyn<; 

Slate Papers, ii, 480. 




No wnyling that nor wretehedneM is 

heard — 
No nightly bodrags, nor no hue and cries. 
Spats., Colin CI., v. 815. 

Bo DWORD, «. (J.-S.) A message; 

a commandment. 
Body-clout, 8, A piece of iron 

adjoining the body of a tumbrel, 

and its wheels. 
Body-horse, 8. The second horse 

of a team of four. 
Body-staff, 8, A stake or rod of 

withy, &c., used in making the 

body of a waggon. Warw, 
BoF, 8. Quicklime. HowelL 
BoFFLE,v. (1) To change; to vary; 

to stammer through irritation. 


(2) To thwart ; to impede. Mid- 
land C. 
BoFFLBRS, 8, The legs of old 

worsted stockings, or twisted 

haybands, put round the legs to 

keep off snow. 
BoFFY^ V. To swell; to puff. 
Boo, (1)8, Sturdy; self-sufficient; 


The cnckooe, seeing him so hog, wart 
also wondrous wrothe. 

Warner's Jlbions England, 1592. 

(2) V, To boast. 

(3) V. To move off. 
Boo-BEAN, 8, Marsh trefoil, or 

buckbean. Yorkah. 
BoGETT, 8. A budget. 
Boggard, 8. A jakes. ** Boggarde 

or drawght. Loke in Siege.'' 

Boggart, «. A ghost, or goblin. 

BoGGARTY, adj. Apt to start aside, 

applied to a horse. 
BoGOE, 8, A bug-hear. 
Hoggish, adj. Swelling. Pr, P, 


child's game in the North. 
Boggle, v. To do anything in au 

awkward or unskilful manner. 

BoGGLBR, 8. A vicious woman. 

Tea hart boen • hoggier «*er. 

Shakesp., Jnl and CI, iS,U. 

fioGGT, adj. Bumptious: an eld 

Norwich school-word. 
BooGT-Bo, 8, A goblin. North. 
BoG-HousE,«. A jakes. This is an 

old term. 
BoGiNO, adj. Sneaking. Beds. 
BoGTROTTER, 8. An Irish robber. 
BoG-YioLBT, «. The butterwort. 

Bogy, «. (1) Budge for; lamb's 

fur. Dean Colet, by his will, in 

1519, bequeathed his "best coat 

of chamlet, furred with black 

bogys." Wardrobe AeeownU of 

Edward IV. 

(2) 8, A hobgoblin, or spectre; 

sometimes called a bogle. 
BoH, conj. But. Lane. 
Bo-HACKY, 8. A donkey. Yorkah. 


gipsy; or a mere wild appel- 
lation, designed to ridicule the 
appearance of Simple in the 
Merry W. of Windsor, iv, 5. 

BoiDER, 8. A basket. North. 

BoiE, 8. {A.-N.y An executioner. 

He het mani a wikke hne. 
Hi&Bone lede toward the haEi^giag. 
Scvyn Sag«$^Wi. 

BoiER, 8. A bever. BareftJkfearie, 

1580. for boire. 
BoiLARY, 8. A place where salt is 

deposited. North. 
Boiling, 8. (1) A quantity of thngrs 

or persons. ^ The whole ioUkig 

of them." 

(2) A discovery. An old cant 

Boilouns, «. (1) Bubbles in boil- 
ing water. 

(2) Projecting knobs. 
BoiNARD, 8. (A.'N.) A low pcBTBon. 

A term of reproach. 
BoiNB, 8. A swelling. Euea. 
Bois, 8. {J.'N.) Wood. 
BoisT, 8. (1) A threat. SeeJSotfe. 

(2) A swelling. Eaot. 

(3) {A,'N.) A box. 




BoisTBR, «. A boisterous fellow. 
BoisTNESS, «. Churlishness. 
BoiSTOus, adj, (1) Rough; bois- 
terous ; churlish ; stubborn. 

(2) Costly, rich, applied to 

BoKS, (1) ». (J.-S. deahan.) To 
belch; to nauseate; to yomit. 

{2)9. Bulk. Bake-loadyahulkj 
load. East. 

(3) ». To swell. East, 

(4) s. A break or separation in 
a vein of ore. 

(5) s. To point, or thrust at. 

(fi)part.p. Baked. North. 

(7) V. To enter in a book ; to 

BoKELER, 8. A buckler. 
BoKEN, V. To strike. Skinner. 
BoKET, 8. A bucket. 
BoKED, part. p. {J.-S.) Learned. 

Sche was wel kepte, sche was wel lokid, 
Sche was wel taa^te, sche was wel bokid. 
Goteer, MS. Soc. Antiq. 

BoKY, *. (1) Soft. Northwnb. 

(2) " Boky-bottomed," broad in 

the beam. Lino. 
BoLACE, s. Bone-lace. 
BoLAS, 8. A buUace. 
BoLCH, V. To poach eggs. Yorksh. 
BoLDE. (1) V. {A.-S.) To become 


When he Clementes speche harde, 
Hys harte beeanne to bolde. 

MS. Cantab., Ff. ii, 38, f. 89. 

(2) V. To render bold ; to em- 
bolden ; to encourage. 

It touches us as France invades our land, 
Not boldt the king. Shakesp.,Lear, v, 1. 

AJaa that I had not one to bold me. 

HyeJce Seomer. 

(3) «. A bold or brave man. 
(4)«.(^.-5.) A building. 

(5) adj. Magnificent ; grand. 

(6) adj. Smooth, applied to 

In chooseing barley for his use the 
malster looks tbat it be bold, dry, sweety 

of a fair colour, thin skin, clean faftered 
from liames, and dressed from foul- 
ness, seeds, and oatts. Aubrey's Wilts. 

(7) adj. Healthy, strong. .Nor- 

BoLCHiN, 8. An *ttnfledged bird. 

See Batching. 
Bolder, s. (1) Aloud report. iVbrM. 

(2) The rush used for bottoming 

chairs. Norf, 
Soldering, a^;'. Cloudy and threat- 
ening thunder. North. 
Bolders, a. Round stones. 
BoLDHEDE, 8. Boldncss ; courage. 
Boldlokbr, adv. More imldly. 
BoLDRUMPTious, odj. Prcsump- 

tuous. Kent. 


BOWLDI8H, Ks. k large flat bowl. 


Bole, 8. (1) The body or trunk of 
a tree. 

(2) A bull. A free bull, was a 
bull common to the town or 

Thay thynke hem fire, and hau no juge, 
no more than hath a ft-e bole, thattakir.ii 
which cow that him liketh in the totiu. 
So faren thay by wonimen ; for rig:ht as a 
fre bole is ynongh for al a toun, right so 
is a wikked prest corrupcioun ynougU 
for al a parisch, or for al a contray. 

Chaucer, Persoues T. 

rS) A bowL 

[4) A measure containing two 
bushels. North, 

(5) A small sea boat. 
Bolbarmin. 8. Sinople. 
Bole-axe, s. In the romance of 

Octovian, v. 1023, 1039, this 
word appears to be applied to 
some kind of weapon; but it 
signifies some article used by 
potters in a poem in Reliq. Antiq., 
ii, 176, "hail beje, potters, with 
5ur bole-ax,** 
Bole-hills, 8. A provincial term 
for heaps of metallic scoria, 
which are often met with in the 
lead-miniug districts. Places on 
hills where the miners smelted 





or run their ore, before the in- 

Tention of mills and furnaces, are 

called boles. 
Bole-holes, s. The openings in a 

barn for light and air. North. 
Bole-weed, a' Knopweed. 
BoLE-woRT, 8, BishopVweed. 
Bolged, adj. Displeased ; angry. 

BoLGiT, adj. Bulged? 

And after they com with gret navi. 
With bolgit schipis ful craftly, 
The havyn for to han schent. 


BoLiNE, It. The bow-line of a 
BOLiNG, j ship. 

BoLisME, 8. {Gr.) Immoderate 

BoLKE, (1) V. {A.'S.) To belch. 
(2) 8. A heap. P. Parv. 

Boll, ». (1) A. ghost. Lane. 
(2) A man who manages power- 
looms. North. 

Bolle, (1) V. (J.-S.) To swell; 
in a secondary sense, to pod for 
seed. Bollyngey swelling. 

And the flax, and the barley was smit- 
ten : for the barlev was in the ear, and 
the flax was bollea. Exodus, ix, 31. 

Here one being throng'd bears back, all 
boln and red. Sh., Rape ofjjucr. 

(2) A bud ; a pod for seed. 

(3) A bowl, or cup. 

Boller, 8. A drunkard, one who 
empties bowls. 

Bollewed, 8. Ball-weed. 

Bolleyne, 8. Bullion. 

BoLLiNG, 8. A pollard. 

Bolls, 8. The ornamental knobs 
on a bedstead. 

BoLLYNB, V. To peck. Pr. Parv. 

BoLNE, v.(\) (J.-S.) To swell. 
(2) To embolden. 

Bolster, «. (1) The bed of a tim- 
ber carriage. 

(2) Pads used by doctors were 
formerly called bolsters. 

(3) V. To prop up ; to support. 
Bolster - PUDDING, s. A long 

round jam pudding. 

Bolt, (1) *. A sort of arrow. "It 
is an arrow with a round or half- 
round bobb at the end of it, with 
a sharp-pointed arrow head pro- 
ceeding therefrom." Holme fJead. 
of Armory. Bold-tqtright, bolt on 
endf straight as. an arrow. Some- 
times the word is u$ed for an 
arrow in general, but more espe- 
cially for one thrown from a 

(2) 8. To sift. North. 

(3) V. To swallow without 

(4) 8. A narrow piece of stuff. 

(5) V. To dislodge a rabbit. 

(6) V. To run away. 

(7) V. To truss straw. Ghue. 

(8) 8. Straw of pease. East. 

(9) A quantity of straw tied up 

Boltell, 8. A round moulding. 

Bolter, v. To cohere ; to coagu- 
late. Northampt. 

BoLTiN, 8. The quantity of wheat 
straw usually tied up together 
after the com is thrashed out 

Bolting-hutch. See Boulting. 

Boltings, s. Meetings for dispu- 
tations, or private arguing of 
cases, in the-inns of court. 

Bolts, «. The herb crowfoot. Ger. 

Bolt's-hbad, 8. Along, straight- 
necked glass vessel, rising gra- 
dually to a conical figure. 

BoLiON, 8. See Bullions. 

BoMAN, 8. A hobgoblin or kidnap- 

Bombard, (1) *. {Fr.) A large 
drinking can, made of leather. 

(2) 8. A kind of cannon. Bom* 
bardiUet a smaller sort of bom> 

(3) adj. High-sounding, as bwn-. 
bard words, or bombard phrase. 

Their homhard phrase, their foot and 
half foot words. B. Joh., Art o/F. 

(4) 8, A musical instrument. 





Bombard-man, b. One who car- 
ried out liquor. 

With that they knock'd Hypocrisie on 
the pate, and made room for a bombard- 
man, that brought bouge for a country 
lady or two. B. Jon., Love Resloreet. 

Bombards, a. Padded breeches. 
Bom-barrel, s. The long-tailed 

titmouse. Northampt, 
Bombase, 1 
bombace, J 

Heer for our food, millions of flow'rie 

With long mustachoes, wave upon the 

plains ; 
Heere thousand fleeces, fit for princes robes. 
In S^rean forrests hang in silken globes : 
Heer shrubs of Malta (for my meaner use) 
The fine white balls of bombace do produce. 

Du Bartas. 

Bombast, *. {Fr.) Cotton. 

(2) r. To stuff out, which was 

usually done with cotton. 

Is this sattin doublet to be bombaated with 
brokeu meat ? 

Honest Wh,, 0. PL, iii, 441. 

An understanding soule in a grosse 
body, is like a good leg in a winter 
boote ; but a foohsh spirit in a well fea- 
tured body, is like a mishapen spindle- 
shanke in a bomhtuted stocking. 

Donc's Folydoron, 1681. 

In the following passages we see 
how it became applied to writing: 

Give me those lines (whose touch the skil- 
ful ear to please) 

That gliding slow in state, like swelling 

In which things natural be, and not in 
falsely wrong, 

The sounds are fine and smooth, the sense 
is full and strong : 

Kot bdmbasted with words, vain ticklish 
ears to feed, 

But such as may content the perfect man 
to read. Drayt., Polyolb., S. xxi, p. 1054. 

To flourish o're or bumbaat out my stile. 
To make such aa not understand me smile. 

Taylor's Motto, 1622. 

(3) V, To beat ; to baste. 

I will so codgell and bombasts thee, that 

thou shalt not be able to sturre thyself. 

Palace of Pleasure, Sign. K, 6. 

Bombaze, v. To confound; to 
perplex. East. 

BoMBiLATiONy 8, (Lai.) A huiiip> 

raing noise. 
Bomblb-bee, 8. A humble-bee. 
Bombone, 1 V. To hum, as bees. 
bomme, j " I bomme as a bom- 

byll bee dothe, or any flye, Je 

brui/s" Palsgrave. 
Bomeswish, adv. Helter-skelter. 

Bom 1 no, adj. Hanging down. ^- 

Bon, (1) «. A band. 

(2) adj. for boun. Prepared, 

(3) adj. (A.-N.) Good. 

(4) adj. Bound. 

(5) 8. Bane ; destruction. 
BoNABLE, adj. Strong ; able. 
BoNAiR, 'ladj. {A.-N.) Civil; 

fiONERE, j courtly ; gentle. 
BoNA-ROBA, «. (//a/.) A courtezan. 
BoNA-sociA, 8. A good companion. 
See Bon^ocio. 

Tush, the knaves keepers are my bona- 
sodas and my pensioners. 

Merry Devil, 0. PL, v, 268. 

BoNCE, 8. A kind of marble. 

BoNCHEF, *. (A.'N.) Prosperity ; 
the opposite of mischief, misfor- 

BoNCHEN, V, To beat ; to thump. 

Bond, ». (1) Bondage. 
(2) A band. 

Bondager, 8. A cottager, or ser- 
vant in husbandry, who has a 
house for the year at an under 
rent, and is entitled to the pro- 
duce of a certain quantity of 
potatoes. For these advantages 
he is bound to work, or find a 
substitute, when called on, at a 
fixed rate of wages, lower than 
is usual in the country. North. 

BoNDEFOLK, 8. Scrfs, or villains. 

And fortherover, ther as the lawe sayth, 
that temporel goodes of bondefolk been 
the goodes of her lordes. 

Chaucer, Persones T 

BoNDEMAN, 8. (A.'S.) A husband- 

BoNDENE, acj;. Bound. 





Lues venerea. 

BoKDERS, 8. Binding stones. 
Bond-land, ». Old cultivated or 

yard lands, as distinguished from 

assart. Sussex, 
BoNDY, 8. A simpleton, yorksh. 
Bone, (1) adj. {A.-N.) Good. 

(2) adj. for boun. Ready. 

(3) 8. {A,'S.) A petition ; a com- 

(4) V. To seize ; to arrest. 

(5) V. To draw a straight line 
from one point to another by 
means of three upright sticks; 
a term in land surveying. 

(6) V. To steal privately. 
Bone-ace, s, *' A game at cards 

called one and thirtie, or bone- 

aee" Florio, 
Bonk-cart, (1) «. The l)ody. 

(2) V. To carry on the shoulder 

articles more fitted from then* 

weip:ht to be moved in a cart. 

BoNE-CLEANER, 8. A servant. 

BoNE-DRY, adj. Thoroughly dry. 
BoNE-FLOWER, s. A daisy. North, 
BoNE-HOSTEL, 8. A good lodging. 
BoNE-LACB, 8, Lace worked on 

bobbins, or bones. 

Thy band which thow did use to weare, 
Which was scarce washd iij. times a yeare. 
Is turned nowe to carobricke cleare. 
With broad bonelace up to the eare. 

MS. Lansd., 241. 

BoNE-LAZY, adj. Excessively indo- 

Boneless, «. A description of 
goblin, or ghost. 

BoNBNF., gen. pi. of bones. 

BoNERBT^, s. (A-N.) Gentleness. 

Bones, s. (1) Dice. 

And on the bord* he whyrled a payre of 

Quater treyedewshe clatered as he wente. 

Skelton's Works, i, 43. 

(2) Bobbins for making lace. 

(3) The cif ease of a hog is di- 
vided into — 1, the flick, or outer 
fat. which is cured for bacon; 
and 2, the bones^ or the rest. 

(4) To make no bonet of a thing, 
to make no difficulty about it. 

Bonbsettrr, «. (1) A rough trot-^ 

ting horse. South, 

(2) A doctor. 
Bone-shave, 8. The sciatica. The 

peasantry in Evmoor have the 

following charm against the bout' 


Boiu-tha9t right) 
Bone-shave stmight. 
As the water runs by the stare, 
Good fat hone-thaee. 

The patient must lie on his back on the 
bank of a river or brook of water, with 
a straieht staff by his side, between 
him and the water, and must have the 
foregoing words repeated over him.' 

BoNE-soRE, adj. Very idle. West, 
BoNET, (^V.) 8. A small cap worn 

close to the head. 
BoNETTA, 8. A kind of 8ea-fis1i« 
BoNEY, 8. A cart-mare. Suffbtk, 
Bong AIT, v. To fasten. Cumb, 
BoN-GRACB, \8. {Fr.) A border 
BONDORACB, J attached to a bon. 
net or hat to defend the oom- 
plexion ; a shade for the face. 
" Coiffiettey a fashion of shadow, 
or boonegracej used in old tim^ 
and at tliis day by some old wo- 
men." Cotgrave, 

Her hongrace, which she ware witli her 

French hode. 
Whan she wente oute alwajes, for sonne 


The Pardoner and the .FWr«,lS8S. 

Tod. You think me a very desperate ma^ 

IseUt. Why so, sir? 

Tod. For coming near so bright a sun as 

you are without a parasol, umbrellia, or 

a bondgraee. 
Davetumtt The Man*s the Master, 1669. 

In this hot quarter women wear masks, 
faus, be. &c., and children bongraces to 
keep their faces from being sun-burnt, 
becanse beavty is delightfcd to all pe»> 
pie. Poor ii0toi» 1739L 




BoNHOMMB, «. A priest. 

BoNiB, 8, A blow or wound. Given 

by Ken net t as an Essex word. 
Bonify, v. {Lai") To convert into 

BoNiTO, 8, A kind of tunny-fish. 
BoNiTY, *. {Lat.) Goodness. 
BoNKE, 8. A bank ; a height. 
BoNKER, adj. (1) Large; strap- 
ping. East. 

(2) V. To outdo another in feats 

of agility. Stissex. 
BoNKET, 8. A huckle-bone. 
BoNKKA, adj. Very large. Essex. 
BoNNAOHT, 8. A tax formerly paid 

to the lord of the manor in Ire- 
Bonnets, 8. Small sails. 
BoNNiBEL, 8. A handsome girl. 

BoNNiLASS, 8. A beautiful maid. 

BoNNiLY, adv. Pretty well. North, 
Bonny, adj. (1) Brisk ; cheerful. 

(2) Good; pretty. North. 
Bonny-clabber, s. Cream gone 

thick; buttermilk. 
Bonny-go, adj. Frisky. Wight. 
BoNOMABLY, adv. Abominably. 

Peele's Works, iii, 88. 
BoN-socio, 1 *. {Ital) A good 
BONO-socio, J companion ; a good 


Thence to Kighley, where are monntains 

Steepy-threatning, lively fountains, 

Kising hills, and barren vnllies ; 

Yet bonsocios and good fellows j 

Jovial, jocund, jolly bowlers. 

As they were the world's controulers. 

Drunken Bamaby. 

BoNSOUR, 8. (A.-N.) A vault. 

The butras com out of the diche. 
Of rede gold y-arched riche j 
The bonsour was avowed al 
Of ich maner divers animal. 

Sir Orpkeo, ed. Laing, 325. 

BoNTEVOus, adj. Bounteous. 

BoNTiNG, 8. A binding; curved 
bars of iron placed round ovens 
and furnaces to prevent their 
swelUng outwards. 

BoNtjs NocHss, 8. A corroption of 

the Spanish words buenM noches, 

good night. 
BoNWORT, 8. The lesser daisy. 
BoNX, V. To beat up batter for 

puddings. EsseSc. 
Bony, s. A swelling on the body 

from pinching or bruising. Pr.P, 
Boo, (1) *. A bough. 

(2) adj. Both. 

(3) V. To roar ; to make a noise 
like cattle. North. 

BooBY-HUTCH. A covcrcd carriage 
or seat contrived clumsily. East, 

BooBj pret. t. Abode. 

BooDGE, V. To stuff bushes into a 
hedge. Heref. 

BooDiEs, *. "Broken pieces of 
earthenware or glass used by 
children for decorating a play- 
house, called a boody-hottse, made 
in imitation of an ornamental 
cabinet." Brockett. 

Boodle, s. The corn marigold. 

BooF, adj. Stupid. Line. 

BooGTH, *. Bigness. Yorksh. 

Book, *. This term was apphed to 
anything in writing, sometimes 
even to a grant. "There is order 
for the passing of a book of i£200 
land." Letter dated 1603. 

Bookholder, 8. A prompter. 

oTixofAv^- He tliat tellech tlie players 
their part when they are out, and liHve 
forgotten: the prompter, or booke- 
holder. Nomenclator, 1585. 

Booking, s. A chastising. South. 
BooKSMAN, 8. A clerk or secretary. 
Bool, v. To bawl. 
BooLK, V. To abuse. Suffolk. 
Boom, 8. A term for a stake placed 

at the margin of deep channels 

to warn boats from the mud. 

Boomer, s. Smuggled gin. Brock. 
Boon, (1) ««(/. {Fr.) Good; fair. 

(2) 8. A bone. 

(^6) part. a. Going. North. 

{A) V. To mend the highways. 





(5) V. To glide along. 

The first of them bomin^ bv himselfe 
before the wind, with his nag in the 
maine-top, and all his sayles gallantly 
spread abroad, after him came the 
adniirall and the vice-admirall, and 
after them two more, the reare-admirall 
and his fellow. Taylor's Workes, 1630. 

BooNCH, V. To irritate ; to make 
angry. Leic, 

Boon-days, *. The days on which 
tenants are bound to work for 
their lord gratis. North, Going 
to assist a neighbour gratuitously 
is called booning in the Midi. C, 

Boons, «. (1) Fowls. Yorksh. 
(2) Rates for repairing the roads, 
the surveyor of which is called a 
boofi'masier. Line, 

Boon-wain, *. A kind of waggon. 

Boob, «. (A.-S. bur.) A parlour ; 
an inner room. North, 

BooRD, V. To board. 

BooRD, \{l) 8. {A.'N,) A jest. 
BOURDE, J See Bourde, 

(2) V, (from Fr, aborder.) To 

attack ; to board ; to accost. 

Ere long with like a^n he hoorded me. 

Spetu., F. Q., II, iv, 24. 

Fhilautus taking Camilla by the hand, 
and as time served began to boord her 
on this manner. Eupk. Engl. P., 4i, b. 

(3) To border, or form a boun- 

Boord's-end, 8. The head of the 


Ebriscus cannot eat, nor looke, nor talke, 
If to the boord's-end he be not promoted. 
Davies, Scourge of Folly y 1611. 

Boorslaps, 8. A coarse kind of 

Boose, 8. {J.-S. bosg, bosig.) A 
stall for cattle. Boosy, the 
trough out of which cattle feed. 
Boo8g-pa8turef the pasture con- 
tiguous to the boose. Boosing^ 
8take^ the post to which they are 
fastened. North. 

BoosENiNG, V. A method of curing 
mad people by immersion. Brand' 8 
Pop. Antiq.f iii, 149. 

BoosH, V, To gore as a bull. West. 

BoosoN, 1 «. A troQgh or matf- 
BusHON, yger for cattle. Leie, 
B00ZIN6S, J and Warto. 

BoosTERiNO, part, a. Sweating 
at work ; working so hard that 
you perspire. Exmoor. 

BoosY, adj. Intoxicated. 

Boot, (1) *. {A.-S.) Help; resto- 
ration ; remedy. 
(2) *. (A.'S.) A boat. 
l^) pret, t. oi bite. Bit. 

(4) 8. A kind of rack or torture 
for the leg. 

(5) 8. Surplus ; profit. 
BooTCATCHER, 8. The person at 

an inn whose duty it is to pull 
off the boots of passengers. 

BooTED-coRNf 8. Com imper- 
fectly grown, so that the ear re- 
mains partly enclosed in the 
sheath. South, 

Booth ALiNO, 8. Freebooting ; rob- 

— Well, Don John, 

If you do spring a leak, or get an itch, 

'Till ye claw off your curPd pate, thank 
your night- walks, 

You must be still a boot-haling. 

B. andFl.y CkanceSt i,4. 

BooT-HALER, ». A frccbooter. Cot- 
grave explains picoreur to be 
*' a boot-haler (in a friend's coun- 
try), a rayening or filching soul- 

Sir, captain, mad Mary, the gull my 
own father (dapper sir Davy), laid 
these London boot-haters, the catch- 
poles, in ambush to set upon me. 

Boari$ig Girl. 

BooTHER, 8. A bowl-shaped hard 
flinty stone. North, 

BooTHYR, 8. A small ship used on 
rivers. Pr. Parv, 

Booting, 8. (i) A robbery. 

(2) A mock ceremony of punish- 
ment among boys in Northamp- 

Bootino-corn, 8. A kind of rent- 

Bootne, v. (A.'S.) To restore, 
to remedy. 




Blynde and bed>reden 
'Were bootned a tiiousande. 


Booty, v. To play booty, an old 
tenn at cards, to allow one's 
adversary to win at first in order 
to induce bim to continue playing 
Bop, V. To dip ; to duck. East, 
Bo-peep, a. A childish game, not 
unfrequently mentioned in old 
writers, and sometimes called bo» 

About the arches Thames doth play bo- 

With any Trojan or els merry Greeke. 

The Newe Metamorphosu, 1600. 

BoR, «. (J.'S.) A boar. 

BoRACHio, 8. {Span.) (1) A bottle 
or vessel made of a pig's skin, with 
the hair inward, dressed in- 
wardly with resin and pitch to 
keep wine or liquor sweet. 
(2) Figuratively, a drunkard. 

Boras, «. {A,'N.) Borax. 

Grolde solder, of some it is called hcras 
or ereene earth, whereof there be two 
Idnaes, naturall and artificiall. Nomencl. 

BoRASCOES, «. Storms of thunder 
and lightning. 

BoRATOE, 8. Bombasin. 

BoRD, «. (1) (A.-N.) A border. 
(2) {A,-S.) A board, 

BoRDAGE. 8. A bord-halfpenny. 

BoRDE, 8. (A.-S.) A table, which 
was made by placing a board 
upon trestles. Hence, board and 
lodging. " To begin the horde," 
to take the principal placeat table. 
The table-cloth was called the 

BoRDEL, 8. {.4.-N.) A brotheL 

He ladde hire to the bordel thoo. 
No wondir is thou^e sche be wo. 

Oower, MS. Soc. Antiq. 

The same schal the man telle pleynly, 
with alle tlie circumstaunces, and whe- 
ther he have synned with commune 
hordeal worn man or noon, or doou his 
synne in holy tyme or noon. 

Chaucer, Fersonet T. 

Tliat the woemen that ben at common 
hordell be seyn every day what thev be, 
and a woman that liveth by bir Ixxly to 
come and to go, so that she paie hir 
dutie as olde custume is. 

Regulations of the Stevs, ISth cent, 

BoRDELL, 8, A border. 
BoRDELLER, «. Tbc kcepcf of a 

Bordello. (Ital) A brothel. 

— From the windmill ! 
ITrom the bordello, it might come as well. 
B. Jons., Every Man in his H., i, 2. 

Also crept into all the stewes, all the 
brothell-nouses, and burdelloes of Italv. 
Coryat, vol. ii, p. 1^5. 

Bordered, adj. Restrained. Shak, 

Bord-halfpenny, 8, Money paid 
in fairs and markets for setting 
up tables, bords^ and stalls. 

Bordjour, 8. {A.'N.) A jester. 

Bordlands, 8. Lands appropri- 
ated by the lord for the support 
of his table. 

Bordour, 8. Apparently a piece of 
armour attached to the cuirass. 

Bordraoino, 8, Ravaging on the 
borders. See Bodrag. 

BoRD-YOu. A phrase used by one 
harvest man to another, when the 
latter is drinking, meaning that 
he may have the next turn. 

BoRDES, *. {A,'N, behordeU.) 

Bore, (1) part.p. Born. 

{2)8. A kind of cabbage. Thisser, 

(3) 8, An iron mould used for 
making nails. Shropsh, 

(4) 8, A pore. 

(5) ». A tiresome fellow. 

(6) *. The head or first flowing of 
the water, seen at spring tides in 
the river Parret, for a few miles 
below and at Bridgewater, and 
also in some other rivers. The 
epithet '^Boriall stremys" is 
applied to the Thames in Reliq. 
Antiq., i, 206. 

Boreal, adj, {Lat,) Northern. 




Bohecole, a. A species of cabbage. 

BoBEE, 8, A sort of dance, in 
Togue at the beginning of the 
18th centurv. 

BoREL, 1 ». A species of coarse 
BUREL, J woollen cloth, generally 
of a grey or grizzly colour, and 
applied in a secondary sense to 
laymen, in contradistinction from 
the clergy. The term borelfolk 
and borel men^ is very common 
in Old English poetry. It thus 
became used in the sense of illi- 
terate. The third of our quota- 
tions contains a pun upon the ^ 

And tlianne shul hwrd clerkes ben 

To bhinie yow or to greve, 
And carpen noght as thei carpe now, 
Ne calle yow doumbe houudes. 

Pirn Pi., p. 191. 

For, sire and dame, tnutitli me right wel. 
Our orisouus ben more eliectuel, 
And more we se of 6<>ddis secrd thingcs, 
Than borel folk, although that tliay ben 
kinges. Chaucer, C. T^'Y^oI. 

And we see by experience in travell the 
rudenesse and simplicity of tlie people 
tljat are seated far North, which no 
doubt is intimated by a vu'gar speech, 
when we say such a man hath a borrell 
wit, as if we said boreale ingenium. 
The Optick Glasse of Rumors, 1639, p. 29. 

Borel Y, \adj. Large; strong; 

BORLiCH, J burly. 

Boreson, 8. A badger. 

Borfreie. See Berfrey. 

Borgeon, V, (A.'N.) To bud. 

Thus Cham his broode did borgeon first, 
and held the worlde in awe. 

Warner's Mbions England^ 1592. 

BokGH, 8. (J.'S.) A pledge. 
BoRGHBOANG, *. (A.^S.) A duty 

for leave to pass through a 

borough town. 
BoRHAME, 8. A flounder. North. 
BoRiTH, 8. An herb used to take 

out stains. 
BoRJOUNE, 8. A bud. See Borgeon, 
BoRLER, 8. A clothier. 
Borne, (1) «. A stream ; a burn. 

(2) V. To burn. 

(3) ». To burnish. 

BoBN-FOOL, «. An idiot. 

BoRow, ». A tithing. "That which 
in the West countrey was at that 
time, and yet is, called a tithing, 
is in Kent termed a barow" 

BoROWAGE, B. Borrowing. 

BoROWiB, (1) «. {A.'S.) A pledge; 
a surety. 

lliis was the flnt Bourse of shepherd's 


That now nill be quit with bale nor borrow. 
Sp., Shep. Kal. May, 1, ISO. 

(2) V. To be a pledge for another. 

BoROWEHODE, 8. Suretyship. 

BoRREL. 8, (1) A borer or piercer. 
(2) A play -fellow. 

BoRRiD,a4;. A sow maris appetens, 

BoRRiKR, 8. An auger. 

BoRROW-PENCB,«. A term formerly 
given to ancient coins in Kent. 

BoRSE, 8. A calf six months old. 

BoRSEHy part. p. Burst. 

BoRSHOLDER, 8. A sort of cousta- 

BoRSOM, adj. Obedient; buxom. 

Borstal, 8. "Any seat on the side 
or pitch of a hill." Kennett. The 
terra is still universally current 
in Sussex, applied to the nume- 
rous roads or pathways leading 
up the steep ascents of the whole 
line of South Downs from Eabt- 
bourne to Midhurst. 

BoRSTAX, 8. A pick-axe. 

BoRSTEN, j9aW. p. Burst, raptured. 

BoRWAGE, *. A surety. 

BoRWE, (I) 8. A town; a borough. 

(2) 8. A bower ; a chamber. 

(3) 8. A pledge ; a surety. 

Tlianne Melib^ took Iiem up fro the 

ground ful benignely, and resceyved 
ere obligaciouns, and here bondes, by 
here othps upon here plegges and bonoes, 
and assigned hem a certeyn day to 
retourne unto his court. 

Chaucer, T. ofMelibeua. 

(4) V. To give security ; to bail; 
to borrow. 




(5) r. (j4.'S,) To save ; to guard. 
Bos,«. A game, mentioned in Moor's 

Suffolk Words. 
BosARDB, 8. (1) A buzzard; a 

worthless hawk. 

(2) A worthless or useless fellow. 
Bosc, 8, {/f.-N.) A bush. 
BoscAGK, (1) 8. {A.-N.) A wood. 

(2) The food which wood and 
trees yield to cattle. 

(3) Boscage, or leaf-work, in 

BoscHAiLE, 8. {A,'N.) A thicket ; 
a wood. 

Bosch Es, 8, Bushes. 

BosE, (1) pres. L It behovest 
(2) 8, A hollow. 

BosEN, 8. A badger. North* 

Bosh, (1)«. A dash, or show. Ea8t. 
(2)«. Nonsense. A word derived 
from the Turkish. , 

Boshes, 8. ''The bottom of the 
furnace in which they melt their 
iron ore, the sides of which fur- 
nace descend obliquely like the 
hopper of a mill." Kenneii, 

BosHOLDER, 8, The chief person in 
an ancient tithing of ten families. 

BosKE, 8. A bosh. 

BosKED. See Btuke, 

BusKY, adj. (1) Drunken. From 
(2) Bushy. 

Bosom, (I) v. To eddy. York8h. 
(2) 8, A desire ; a wish. Shai. 

Boson, 8. A boatswain. 

Boss, (1) «. A protuberance. 

(2) 9. To emboss ; to stud. 

(3) 8, A stone placed at the in- 
tersection of the ribs of a vault. 

(4) «. A head or reservoir of 

(5) V. To throw. Su88ex. 

(6) «. A hassock. North, 

{7) 8. A hood for mortar. East. 

(8) «. A large marble. IFarw. 

(9) «. A master, or he who can 
beat and overcome another. 

B0SSA6E, 8, The projecting work 

in building. 
BossocK, (1) o^f. Large; coarse; 


(2) V. ' To tumble clumsily. 
BossocKiNO, adj. The same as 


Boss-ouT, 8, A game at marbles, 
also called bo88 and 8pan. 

Bossy, adj. (1) Thickset; corpu- 
lent. North. 
(2) Convex. 

Bossy-calf, «. A spoilt child. 

BosT, (1) 8. Boast; pride. 

(2) pret. t. Burst. West. 

(3) adj. Embossed. 
BosTAL. See Borstal. 
BosTANCE, 8. Boasting; bragging. 
BosTE, V. To menace. 

And that he was threatened and hosted 

with proad words jriven by the Colvills. 

Bowes CorrespondeneCt 1684. 

BosTEN, V. (/f.-5.) To boast. 

BosTLYE, adv. Boasting. Gaw. 

BosTus, adj. Boastful ; arrogantl 

BosvEL, 8. A species of crowfoot. 

BoswELL, 8. Some part of a fire- 
grate. Suffolk. 

Box, (1) ». A boat. 
(2) *. A hut. 
{^)pret.t. Bit. 

(4 ) pret. t. Bought. Devon. 

(5) conj. Unless. 

(6) adj. Both. 

(7) *. A botcher. Yorksh. 
(S) 8. A. sword ; a knife. 

BoTANO, 8. A kind of blue linen. 

BoTARGE, 1 9. A kind of salt cake, 

BOTARGO, J or rather 8ausage,made 

of the hard roe of the sea mullet, 

eaten with oil and vinegar, but 

chiefly used to promote drinking. 

Because he was naturally flegmatic, lie 
began his meal with some dozens of 
gammons, dried ncats' tongues, botargos, 
sausages, and such (it her forerunners of 
wine. Rabelais, B. i, ch. 21. 

Botch, s. (1) A thump. Sussex. 
(2) An inflamed tumour. North. 




(3) A badly done patch. 
BoTCHERY, 8. Ptttch work ; a clumsy 

addition to a work. 
Botch ET, 9. Small beer mead. 

BoTCHMENT, 8. An addition. 
Bote, (1) pret. t. of bite. Bit; 

wounded ; ate. 

(2) 8. {A.'S.) Help; remedy ; sal- 

(3) V. To help. 

(4) adj. Better. 

^°''*=^^*'U. Abutler. 


BoTEMAY, 8. Bitumen. 

BoTENE, V. To button. 

BoTENYNG, 8. (A,'S.) Help ; assist- 

BoTE-BAiL, 8, A horizontal rail. 

bOTESCARL, 8, A boatswain. 

BoTEWs, 8. A sort of large boot, 
reaching up to or above the knee. 

BoT-FORKE, 8. A cFooked stick. 

Mou in the nioue stond ant strit, 
On is bol-forke is burthen he bereth. 
Lyric Poetry, p. 110. 

BoTHAN, 8. A tumour. Devon, 

BoTHE, 8. A booth; a shop where 

wares are sold. 

Both EM, ». A watercourse. 

Bother, \ ^t ^ 

r.^^^^^.^.r, I *• Nonsense; tire- 

B0THER1N6, > ^ n 

r some talk. 


Bother, (I) v. To teaze ; to annoy. 

(2) gen. pi. Of both. 
Bothering, 8, A great scolding. 

Bo-THRUSH,«.The squalling thrush. 

BoTHUL, 8, The name of a flower. 

Pr. Parv. 
BoTHUM, f. (1) Bottom. 

(2) {A.^N.) A bud. 
BoTiNG, 8. (1) i^A.'S.) Assistance. 

(2) **£ncrese yn byynge." Pr, 

BoTME, 8, Bottom. Pr, Parv, 
BoTON, 8. A button. 
BoTOR, «. (A.'N,) A bustard. 

Ther was renisoan of hert and bora, 
Swannes, pecukes, and botors. 

Arthour and Merlin, p. 110. 

He brojt a heron with a poplere. 
Curlews, boturs, bothe in fere. 

MS. Cantab., Ff.T,48,f.49. 

BoTRACEs, 8, A sort of frogs, said 

to be venomous. 
BoTRASEN, V, To make buttresses. 
Botr£, *. A buttery. 
BoTs, 8. Small worms which breed 

in the entrails of horses ; a term' 

applied by gardeners in someparts 

tu all underground worms. 
BoTTA, adj. Proud, pert ; assuming 

consequential airs. Norf, 
BoTTB, {\)pret, t, of bite. Bit. 

(2) «. A bat ; a club. 
Bottle, «. (i) A small cask, used 

for carrying liquor to the fields. 

(2) (Fr. bqfel, bateau.) A bundle, 
more especially of hay or straw. 
Bottles, little bundles. Leie* 

(3) A bubble. Somerset* 

(4) A round moulding. 

(5) (A.'S. botl) A seat, or chief 
mansion house. 

(6) A pumpion. Devon, 

(7) The dug of a cow. East, 
BoTTLE-BiRD, 8. An apple rolled up 

and baked in pas^te. East. 
BoTTLE-BUMP, 8. The bittern. East. 
BoTTLE-FLowER,«.The bluc-bottle, 

a flower growing among wheat. 

BOTTLE-HEAD, 8, A fool. 

Bottle- JUG, s. The long-tailed 
titmouse. Leic. 

Bottle-nose, 8. A porpoise. East. 

Bottle-nosed, s. Having a large 

Bottle-tit, 8. The long.tailed tit- 
mouse. Northamp, 

BoTTLE-up,r. To preserve in one*s 
memory ; to keep secret. 

Bottom, (1) «. A ball of thread. 

(2) 8. A vessel of burden. 

(3) 8. The posteriors. 
BoTTOMER, 8. The man who con- 
veys the produce of a mine from 
the first deposit to the shaCt. 




BoTTOMiNG-TooL, *. A narrow, 
concave shovel used by drainers. 

Bottom-wind, *. A particular mo- 
tion of the water observed in 

BoTTRY, adj. Short, stunty, applied 
to trees. Northamp, 

BoTTRY-TREE, *. An cldcr tree. 

BoTTY, adj. Proud. Suffolk, 

BoTY, *. A butty ; a partner. Pals- 

BoucE-jANE, 8. (A.'N.) An ancient 
dish in cookery. 

Botice Jane. Take gode cowe mylk, and 
put hit in a pot, and sethe hit, and take 
sage, parsel, ysope, and savory, and 
other gode herbes, and set]ie liom and 
hew hom smalle, and doliom in the pot; 
then take hennes, or capons, or chekyns ; 
when thai byn half rested, take honi of 
the spit, and smyte hom on peces, and 
do therto, and put therto pynea and 
raysynges of corance, and let hit boyle, 
and serve hit forthe. 

Warner, Antiq. Culin., p. 56. 

BoncHART, *. A name for a hare. 
BoucHET, 8. (Fr.) A kind of pear. 
BouDE, V, {Fr.) To pout. 
BouDGE, V. To budge ; to move. 

^°Z^' ].. Weevils. 


BocEY, 8. A louse. Wore, 
BouFFE, 8. Belching. Skinner, 
BouGE, *. (1) A cask. The term is 
applied to the round swelling part 
of a cask, in Sussex. 
(2) (Fr.) An allowance of meat 
or drink to an attendant in the 
court, termed indiscriminately 
bouchf bouge, or bowge^ of court, 
"Bowge of courtej whyche was a 
liverye of meate and dryncke, 
Sortella:* Huloet. In the ordi- 
nances made at Eltham, in the 
17th of Henry VIII, under the 
title bouche cf court , the queen's 
maids of honour were to have, 
" for theire bouch in the morning, 
one chet lofe, one manchet, two 
gallons of ale, dim' pitcher of 

wine.*' " Avoir bouche k court, 
to eat and drink scot-free, to have 
budge-a-courtt to be in ordinary 
at court." Cotgrave, v. bouche. 

What is your business ?—iV. To fetch 
houdge of court, a parcel of invisible 
bread, Stc. B. Jon., Masq. of Augurs . 

They had bouch of court (to wit, meat 
and drink) and great wages of sixpence 
by the day. 

Stow^s Suney of London. 

(3) V. To project. Leic. 

(4) " To make a bouge," to com- 
mit a gross blunder, to get a 
heavy fall. 

(5) V. To bulge, to swell out. 

(6) V. To prepare a 6hip for the 
purpose of sinking it. 

(7) ». A small beetle. Leic, 
BouGERON, «. (fr.) Abardash. 
BouGET, *. A budget. 
BouGH-HousEs, 8. Private houses 

allowed to be open during fairs 

for the sale of liquor. 
BouGHRELL, 8. A kiud of hawk. 
Bought, *. {A.^S.) A bend; 

joint ;, applied particularly to the 

curve of a sling where the missile 

was placed. 
Bought-bread, 8, Bakers' bread. 

BouGiLL, 8. A bugle-horn. 
Bougour, 8. {Fr.) A bardash. 
BouGY, *. {Fr.) A small candle. 
BouKE, (1) *. {J.'S.) The bulk; 

the body; the interior of a 


(2) V. {A.'S.) To buck or wash 

(3) 8. A pail. North, 

(4) *. The box of a wheel. 

(5) 8, A bolt. North, 
BouKED, adj. Crooked. 
BouL, 8. An iron hoop. Line* 
Boulder head, 8, A work of 

small wooden stakes made again 
the sea. Sussex, 




BoULTE, V. (A.-S.) To sift. 
BouLTBD-BREAD, 8, Bread made 

of wheat and rye. 
Boulter, ». (1) A person who sifts. 

(2) A sieve for meal. " A raeale 

sive : a boulter : a serse." Nomen- 


BOULTINO-CLOTH, 8. A clotll for 

straining. " Estamine. A strainer 

of hairy cloth : a bouUing cloth." 

BouLTiNG-HUTCH, 8. The woodcn 

receptacle into which the meal 

was sifted. 
BouMET, adj. Embalmed. 
BouN, (1) adj. {A.'S.) Ready; 


(2) V. To dress; to make ready; 
to prepare. 

(3) 8. A woman's garment. 
Bounce, ». The larger dogfish. 
BouNCHiNG, adj. Bending or 

Bouncing, adj. Large. 
Bound, (1) adj. Sure; confident. 

(2) adj. Apprenticed. 

(3) 8. A boundary mark. 
BouNDE, 8. {A.'S.) A husband. 
Bounder, *. A boundary; a limit. 
Bounding, 8. Perambulating the 

bounds of the parish. 
Bound-stone,*. A boundary stone. 

The term occurs in a ciiaiter 

relating to Poole, co. Dorset, 

temp. Hen. VIII. 
BouNG, *. A purse. An old slang 

Bount6, *. (A.'N.) Goodness. 


Mine, quoth the one, is of a bountioiu 

And in the taverne will be dninke all night, 
Spending most lavishly he knowes not what. 
Butolands, Knave of Spades, 1613. 

BouNTY-DAYS,*. HoUdaysonwhich 
provision was given to the poor. 

BouR. *. {A.'S.) A bower; a 

BouHAM, a. A sink. Yorkih* 
Bourde, (1) 8. (A.-N.) A game ; a 

(2) V. To jest ; to jape ; to de- 

Where words may win good wil. 
And boldnesse bcajre no blame. 

Why should there want a face of brasae 
To bonrd the bravest dame ? 
TurbervilU, Epig.andSonTUtteStUw. 

Bourdbr, 8. A jester. 

BooRDiNGLY, odv. In sport. 

Bourdon, *. (A.-N.) A staflF. 

Bourdonasse, 8. {Fr.) A sort of 
ornamented staff. 
Their men of armes were aU bardedand 
furnished with brave plumes, and goodly 


Bourdour, «. (1) A pensioner. 
(2^ A circlet round a helmet. 

Bourgeon, v. {A,-N.) To bud; 
to sprout. 

Bourholm,*. The burdock. 

Bourmaidne, *. {A,-S.) A cham- 

Hail be te, nonnes of seint Man house, 

Goddes bourmaidne* and his owen spousr 

Beliq. Antiq., li, Iva* 

Bourn, 8. (1) (A.-S.) A brook; a 

(2) A boundary, or limit. 

(3) Yeast. Exmoor, 
BouRNEDE, adj. Burnished. 
BouRT, V. To offer; to pretend. 

Bous, ». A box; a chest. Yorkah. 
Bouse, ». Ore as drawn from the 

mines. Small ore, as washed hy 

the sieve, is called bouae-snUthen, 

Bouse, ] ^ ^o drink. An old 


'- hca 

E, J 

cant term. 

Bosaus will hovose^ and bragges he can or©- 

(Or make them deadly dmnke) an heart 

of men; . , .. , ,, :i 

When he is foxt he plaies the bull and 

And iiuikes all men and women fcare him 
tUcu. IkMiei, Scourge t^ iMly, Mil 




BousTous, adj. Impetuous. 
Bout, (1) *. A batch. 

(2) 8. A turn ; a go ; a set-to at 

(3) conj. But. 

(4) prep. Without ; except. 
BouTEFEU, *. (Fr.) An incendiatr. 
Bout-hammer. The heaw two- 

handed hammer used by black- 
smiths. East. 

Bout-house, adv. On the ground; 
anywhere. Wight. 

BouTisALB, 9. A sale at a cheap 

BouziNO-CANi 8. A drinking 

BovATE, 8. As much land as one 
yoke of oxen can reasonably cul- 
tivate in a vear. 

BovE, prep. Above. 

BovERT, 8. {A.'N.) A young ox. 

BovoLi, 8. (Ital.) A kind of snails 
or periwinkles, used as deli- 

Bow, (I) 8. A yoke for oxen. 
(2)*. Anosegav. iV.jR. Yorkah. 

(3) *. A bow's length. 

(4) *. A boy. 

(5) 8. A small arched bridge. 

(6) *. An arch or gateway. 
Bow-bell, 8. One born within the 

sound of Bow bells. 
Bow-boy, «. A scarecrow. Kent. 
BowcER, 8. The bursar. 
BowDiKiTE, 8. A contemptuous 

name for a mischievous child ; an 

insignificant or corpulent person. 

BowDLED, adj. Swelled out; ruffled 

with rage. 
BowE, (1) V. To bend ; to bow. 

(2) 8. A bough ; a branch. 
BowELL-HOLE, 8. A Small aper- 

ture in the wall of a barn for 

giving light and air. North. 
Bow EN, 8,{i) A narrative. 

(2) Early or half-cured sprats are 

called bowen sprats. 
Bower, 8. {A.-S,) A chamber. 

BowBRiNOE, 8. The part of a tree 
consisting of the boughs. 

Bowerlt, adj. Tall; handsome. 



Bow-hand, *. 

8. Young hawks, be- 
> fore they are branch- 

insey-wolsey. North. 
The left hand. To 

be too much of the bow-hand, to 
fail in a design. 

BowHAWLER, *. A man who draws 
barges along the Severn. 

Bowie-frame, s. A phrase ap- 
plied to toads when togeiher. 
Fairfax, Bulk and Selvedge of 
the World, 1674, p. 130. 

BowiT, 8, A lanthorn. North. 

Bowk, (1) adj. Crooked. North. 
(2) 8. An article used in the 
shuft of a coalpit. 

Bowk- IRON, s. The circular piece 
of iron lining the interior of a 
wheel. West. 

Bow-KiTT, 8. A sort of large can 
with a cover. Yorksh. 

Bow-knot, s. A large, loose knot. 

Bowl- ALLEY, s. A covered space 
for the game of bowls, instead of 
a bowling green. 

Bowling-match, s. A game with 
stone bowls, played on the high- 
way from village to village. iVorM. 

BowLTELL, 8. A kind of cloth. 

BowN, adj. Swelled. Norf. 

BownDYN, adj. Ready ; prepared. 

BOWNE, *. 

Bourne, buttell, or merestafe, or stone, 
Jmiliarius. Huloet. 

Bow-net, *. A sort of net for 

catching fish, made of twigs 

bowed together. 
Bow-pot, 1*. A flower-pot for 

BOUGH-POT, J a window. West* 
BowRE, V. To lodge. Spens. 
Bowres, 8. A dish in old cookerv. 
Bowsing, s. A term in hawking, 

an insatiable desire for drink. 
Bowsom, adj. Buxom; obedient. 

Bowaonmes, obedience. 




BowssEN, ». To dip in water, to 
drench or soak. 

BowsTAVES, *. Staves for bows ? 

Bowsy, adj, (1) Bloated by 
(2) Large ; bulky. Berks. 

BowT, 8. (1) {Fr.) The tip of the 

(2) Part of an angler's ap- 

BowTEL, 8. A convex moulding. 

Bow-WEED, 8. Knapweed. 

Bow-wow, 8, A servile attendant. 

Poore nnbegotten wether beaten Qualto, 
an liDb-hansom man, God wot, and a boto- 
wow to his iHdy and mistresse, serving 
a lady in Italy as a Tom drudge of the 
pudding house. Fkilolimus, 1583. 

BowTER, 8. {!) A maker of bows. 

(2) A small ship. 
Box, (1) *. A blow. 

(2) V, To strike. 

(3) 8. A benevolent club, the 
anniversary dinner of which is 
called a box 'dinner. North. 

(4) To " box the fox," to rob an 
orchard. West. 

(5) Box of a cow. A peculiar 
meaning, apparently the wicket 
of the belly. Yorkshire Ale, 
p. 93. 

(6) To be boxed about, to be 
much discussed and talked of. 

Pray be pleas'd to send me your mind 
about this sermon: for Goodman 
Staidman's child is to be cliristeii'd 
next Friday, and there it will be box'd 
about; and I am in a great quandary 
about it. Dame Huddle's Letter, 1710. 

Box-AND-DiCE, 8. A game of 

Box-B ARROW, 8. A haud-barrow. 

Box-HARRT, V. To bc carcful after 

having been extravagant. Line. 
Boxing, adj. Buxom. Line. 
BoxiNG-DAY, *. The day after 

Christmas day, when people ask 

for Christmas-boxes. 
Box-iRON,«. kfidX-\ro\\. East, An 

iron inclosed in a heater. 

BoT-BLiND, a^;. Undisceming,like 

a boy. 
BoTDBKiN, a, A dagger. See 

BoYE, 8. {A.'S.) A lad servant. 
B'oYE. Be wi' ye. 
BoYKiN, 8. A term of endearment; 

a little boy. 
BoYLES, a. Lice. Line. 
BoYLUM, 8. A kind of iron ore. 
BoYLY, adv. Boyishly. 
Boys, s. (A.-N.) A wood. 
BoYSHE, 8. A bush. 
BoYsiD, adj. Swelled. 
BoYs*-LoyE, 8, Southernwood. 



* the first milk a cow gives aftei 

BoYSTONE, V. To cup. Pr. Part. 
BoYT, adj. Both. 
BozzuM, *. The yellow ox-eye. 
BozzuM - CHUCKED, odj, Red< 

cheeked. West. 
BojE, V. To jnove; to rise, or go. 
Braa, 8. An acclivity. North, 
Brab, 8. A spike-nail. Yorkah. 
Braband, 8, Cloth of Brabant. 
Brabble, v. To quarrel; t( 

Brabblement, 8. A quarrel. 
Bracco, adj. Diligent ; laborious 

Brace, (1) s. {A.-N,) Armour foi 

the arms. 

(2) V, To embrace. 

(3) 8. {A,'N.) An arm of the sea 

(4) V, To brave a person; tc 

(5) 8. The clasp of a buckle. 

(6) {Fr.) A piece of timber witl 
a bevil joint, to keep the parts oi 
a building together. 

(7) *. Warlike preparation. 
Bracer, '\s.{\){A.-N.) Armoui 

braser, j for the arms. 
(2) {Fr. Brassart.) A piece ol 
wood worn on the arm in playing 
at ball or balloon. 
Brach, 8. {A.'N.) A kind of small 




scenting hound. '^CatelluSi a 

very littell hounde or brache^ a 

whelpe." Elyot. The word seems 

at a late period to have been used 

generally for a bitch. Brath was 

the ancient Cornish name of the 

mastiff dog. 

There are in England and Scotland two 
kinds of kuming-dogs, and no where 
else in the world: the first kind is called 
ane rache (Scotch), and this is a foot- 
scenting creature, both of wild beasts, 
birds, and fishes also, which lie hid 
among the rocks : the female thereof in 
England is called a brache. A brack is a 
mannerly name for all hound- bitches. 
Gentleman's Recreation, p. 27. 

Brack Merriman, — the poor cur is inibost — 

And couple Clowder witn the deep-mouth'd 

brack. Skakesp., Tam. Skr. induct. 

Ha' ye any bracke* to spade. 

B. and Fl., Beggar's Busk, iii, 1. 

Brachicourt, 8. A horse with its 
fore-legs bent naturally. 


short-hand writer. 
Bracing, s. Cool, applied to the 

Bracino-oirdle,». a kind of belt. 

Brack, (1) «. A break, or crack ; 

a flaw. 

Having a tongue as nimble as his 
needle, vith servile patches of glavering 
flattery, to stitch up the bracks, &c. 

Antonio and Mellida, 1602. 

(2) *. A piece. Kennett, 

(3) «. Salt water ; brine ; some- 
times, river-water. 

Suflfolke a sunne halfe risen from the brack, 
Norfolke a Triton on a dol|ihins backe. 

Drayton's Poems, p. 20. 

Where, in clear rivers beautified with 

The silver Naiades bathe them in the brack. 
Drayton, Man in tke Moon, 

(4) *. A sort of harrow. North, 

(5) V. To mount ordnance. 

(6) 8, A cliff or crag. 
Brack-breed, adj. Tasted. North. 
Bracken, «. Fern. North. 
Bracken-clock, 8. A small brown 

beetle found on fern. 
Braket-rules, 8, A trivet for 

holding toast before the fire. 

Brackle, v. To break ; to crumble 
to pieces. Northampt, 

Bracklt, adj. Brittle. Staff, 

Brackwort, 8. A small portion 
of beer in one of its early stages, 
kept by itself till it turned yellow, 
when it was added to tbe rest. 
Harri8on*8 De8cr. of Engl. 

Braconier, *. {Fr.) The bemer, 
or man that held the hounds. At 
present the term braconnier is 
applied in France to a poacher. 

Brad, adj, (1) Spread out; ex- 
tended. North. 

(2) (^.-S.) Roasted. 

(3) Hot ; inflamed. North, 

(4) 8, A small nail without a head. 
Bradder, adj. Broader. 
Braddle, 1 Comfortably 

BRADDLED, V •' J r • ^ 

„„.^ I warmed. Letce8t. 

bradled, J 

Brade, (1) V. {J.'S.) To pretend. 

(2) V. To bray ; to cry. 

(3) adj. Broad ; large. 
Brades, 8. Necklaces, or hanging 

Bradow, v. To spread ; to cover. 

Brads, 8. (1) Small nails. 

(2) Money. E88ex. 
Brafl, 8. The back part of a 

Braffam. See Barfhame. 
Brag, (1) adj. (from the Fr. v. 

braguer.) Brisk; spirited; proud. 

It brought the spiders Hf^ine, brag and bold. 
HeywooWs Spider ana Flie, 1556. 

I was (the more foole I) so proud and brag, 
I sent to you against St. James his laire 
A tierce of claret-wine, a great fat 8ta<;, 8cc. 

Harringt., Ep., ii, 51. 

(2) 8. A ghost or go!)lin. North, 

(3) 8, An old game at cards. 
Bragance, adj. Bragging. Toumc' 

ley My8t, 
Bra GET, 1 «. A sort of beverage 
BRAGGAT, ^formerly esteemed in 
BRAGOT, 1 Wales and the West 

of England. 




By me that knows not neck-beef from a 

Nor cannot relish braqqat From smbrosin. 
B. and Ft., Little Thief, act 1. 

To make Bragotte. Take to x g:alons of 
ale, iij potell of fviie worte, and lii 
quartis uf hony, and putt therto ranell 
J. iiij, peper schort or long, 5. iig., ^in- 
gale, 5. j., and clowys, 5. j., and ifinn^iver, 
5. g. MS. UM cent. 

The following is a later receipt 

for making **braggef\' 

Take three or four gulons of good ale 
or more as you please, two dayes or 
three after it is clenscd, and put it into 
a pot bv itselfe, then draw forth a pottle 
thereof, and put to it a quart of good 
Unglish hony, and set them over the fire 
in a vessell. and let them boyle faire and 
softly, and alwayes as any froth ariseth 
skunime it a>ft'ny, and so clarifie it, and 
when it is well clarified, take it oft the 
fire, and let it coole, and put thereto of 
pepper a penny worth, cloves, mace, 
ginger, nutmegs, ciuamon, of each two 
penny worth, beaten to powder, stir 
them well together, and set them over 
the fire to boyle againe awhile, then 
being milke-warme put it 10 the rest, 
and stiire all together, and let it stand 
two or three dales, and put baiTue upon 
it, and drink it at your pieasurt- . 

Haven of Health. 

Braggable, adj. Poorly; indif- 
ferent. Shropsh, 

Braggadocia, s, a braggart. 

Braggaty, adj. Mottled, like an 
adder, with a tendency to brown. 

Bragged, adj. Pregnant ; in foal. 

Bragger, 1 «. A wooden bracket, 
BRAGGBT, j or corbcl. 

Bragging-jack, s. A boaster. 
** ThrasOf a vaineglorious fellow, 
a craker, a boaster, a bragging' 
Jacke." Nomenclaior. 

Braggle, V, To poke about. West 

Braggled, adj. Brindled. So- 

Bragless, adj. Without osten- 

Braglt, adv. Briskly; finely. 

Braid, (1) t. To resemble. North. 

(2) 8. A reproach. 

(3) V. To upbraid. 

(4) 8. (A,-S. bregd,) A start; a 
sudden movement ; a fright 

— When with a hrtide 
A drep-fet ligh he gave, aiid therewithal 
Clasping hit hands, to heav'n he cast his 
tight. Ferres and Porrex, O. P., i, 148. 

A toss of the head. 
A moment of time. 
Hastiness of mind; pasuon ; 

(8) *. Craft ; deceit. 

(9) adj. Quick; hasty. 

(10) 8. (A.'S.) Deceit. 

(11) «. A blade of corn. Norf. 

(12) V, To beat or press, chiefly 
applied to culinary objects. East. 

(13) 9. To nauseate. North, 

(14) V. To net. Dorset. 

(15) *. A row of underwood, 
chopped up and laid lengthways. 

(16) f>. To fade or lose colour. 
Braide, v. {A.'&) (1) To start 

quickly or suddenly ; to leap ; to 

(2) To draw forth, as to pull a 
sword out of the scabbard. 

(3) To strike ; to beat down. 

(4) To brandish. 
Braidery, 8. Embroidery. Wight. 
Braids. «. (1) A wicker guard to 

protect newly grafted trees. 


(2) Scales. North. 

Braidy, adj. Foolish. Yorksh. 

Brail, v. {Fr.) To put a piece of 
leather over the pinion of one of 
the hawk's wings to keep it close. 
A term in falconry. Brail-fea^ 
therst the long small white fea- 
thers under the taiL 

Alas! our tex it most wretched, mirs'd 
up from infancy in continual slaTcry. 
^o sooner are we able to prey for our< 
selves, hut they brail and hood ut so with 
tour awe of our parenti, that we cUienot 
offer to bate at our desires. 

AUmtnasar, O. P., yfi, 179. 

Brain, v. To beat out the hraina. 
Brain-crazed, adj. Mad. 




What a 'trim-tram trick is this? The 
master and the man both brain-craz'd ; 
as the one us'd me. so did the other my 
mistress Brome's Northern Lou. 

BiiAiNiSH, adj. Mad. Shakesp, 
Brain-leaf, «. A kind of plant. 
Brain-pan, ». The skull. 
Brainsick, a4/* Wildbrained;mad. 
Brain-stones, s. A name fonnerly 

given to stones the size of one's 

head, nearly round, found in 

Wiltshire. Aubrey. 
Brain-wood, adj. Quite mad. 
Braird, (1) adj. Tender; fresh. 


(2) *. (^.-5'. brord,) The first 

blade of grass. 
Braissit (for braced,) Inclosed. 
Braist, adj. Burst. 
Brait, *. (1) {A.-S.) A sort of 

garment, or cloak. 

(2) A rough diamond. 
hviAK, pret, i. Broke. 
Brakb, (I) 8. Fern; called also 

broken. Still used in the North. 

Bayly. Sir, you sde this p6ece of ground, 
it hath not the name for nnnglit ; it is 
called Fernie close, and, as yuu s^e, it is 
fail, and so overgrowne with these 
brakes, that all the art we can devi8e,and 
labour we can use, cannot rid them. 

Norden, Surveyors IHaloffue, 1610. 

(2) 8, A plat of hushes growing 
by themselves, a bottom over- 
grown with thick tangled brush- 

Tis but the fate of place, and the roagh 

That virtue must go through. 

Sbakesp., Hen. Fill, i. 2. 

Honour should pull hard, ere it drew me into 
these brakes. 

B. and Fl., Thier. and Theod., v, 1. 

(3) 8» An enclosure for cattle. 

(4) «. A snaffle for horses. 

Lyke as the ftrait« within the rider's hand 
I)bth strain the horse, nye wood with grief 

of paine, 
Not used before to come in such a band. 

Surrey's Poems, sign. U, 3. 

(5) 8. An instrument of torture. 

(6) 8. A flaw. See Brack, 

(7) A strong wooden frame in 
which the feet of young and 
vicious horses are confined by 
farriers, to be shod. 

(8) 8. An engine to confine the 

He is fallen into some brake, some wench 
has tied liim by the legs. ' 

Shirly's Opportunity. 

(9) *. A sort of crossbow. 

Crosse-bowes were first among the Cretans 

Quarrves and bolts the Syrians bring to 

The ever-bold Fhenetians fumisht beene 
With brakes and sUugs to chronicle their 

might. Great Britmnes Troye, IGOtf. 

(10) 8, An instrument for dress- 
ing hemp or flax. 

(W) 8. A harrow. 

(12) *. A large barrow. North. 

(13)». A baker's kneading-trough. 

(14) 8. The handle of a ship's 

(15) ». A sort of carriage used 
for breaking in horses. 

(16) f>. To beat. North, 

(17) t>. To vomit. Pr. Parv, 

(18) *. A mortar. North. 
Brake-bush,«. Asmall plot of fern. 
Brakbn, j9ar/.j9. Broke. 
Braket, 8. See Braget, 
Braler, 8. A bundle of straw. 

BRAMAGE,«.Akind of cloth,of which 

carpets were sometimes made. 
Bramble-berries,9. Blackberries. 


Bramble-sith, 8, A hedge-bill. 

Buncina. A brauible-sith orbush-sith: 
an hedge bill. Nomenclator, 15»5. 

Brame, 8. (A.'S.) Vexation. 
Bramish, v. To flourish ; to assume 

affected airs ; to boast. Ea8t, 
Bramline, 8. The chaffinch. 
Bran, (1) t>. To bum. North. 

(2) 8. A brand, or log of wood. 

(3) 8. Thin bark ; skin. 

{4) adv. Quite. D^von. Bran-new. 
See Brand-new. 




Brancard, *. (Fr.) A horse litter. 
Branch, (1) v. To make a hawk 
leap from tree to tree. 

(2) V, To emiiroider, to figure. 

(3) 8. A small vein of ore. 
Branch-coach, s. In the old days 

of coaching, a coach, called the 

branch coach, used to go round 

the town collecting passengers 

for the stage-coach. 
Branch-coal, «. Kennel coal. 

Brancher, 8. (I) A young hawk, 

just beginning to fiy. The term 

is also applied to a nightingale 

bv bird-fanciers. 

(2) An officer belonging to the 

Branches, 8. Ribs of groined 

Branchilet, 8, (Fr.) A little 

branch or twig. 
Brancorn, 8. Blight. 
Brand, (1) «. (A.-S.) A sword. 

(2) 8. The smut in wheat. 

(3) v. To brand turves, to set 
them up to dry in the sun. Comw, 

(4) V. To roast. 

(5) 8. A spark. 
Brand-bete, v. To mend or make 

up the fire. Devon. 
Brande, v. To burn. 
Branded, 8. A mixture of red and 

black. North. 
Brandellet, 8. Some part of the 

armour. Richard Coer de Z., 322. 
Branders, 8. The supporters of a 

corn stack. 
Brand-irons, 8. (1) The same as 


(2) Red-hot irons for branding. 
Brandishing, 8. A parapet. 
Brandle, v. (from Fr. brandiller.) 

To totter ; to give way. 
Brandlet. See Brandreth. 
Brandling, *. The angler's dew- 
Brandlt, adv. Sharply; fiercely. 

Brand-nevt, adj. Quite new. 

BRA7n>0N, t. (1) A fire-brand. 
(2) A wisp of straw or stubble. 

8, An iron tripod, 
on which a pot 
^or kettle is placed 
over the fire. 
A fence round a 



branlede, . 

Brandrith, 8. 

vrell to prevent falling into it. 

Brands, 8. The stems or stoat parts 
of the thorn, after the small 
branches have been cut off. Norf. 

Branduts, 8. Four wooden arms 
fixed to the throat of a spindle 
in an oatmeal-miiL Shropsh. 

Brand-wine, 1 8. The old name 

BRANDEWiNB, j for eou- de-vitt 

now bhorteued into brandy. 

Buy any brand-vute, bny any brand-vtM. 

Beffffar's Bush, lii, 1. 

He confided not in Hanse's hrande-wlne. 

G. Tooke, Bclides. 

Brandy-ball, 8. A Suffolk game. 

Brandt-bottles, 8. The flowers 
of the yellow water-lily. Notf. 

Brandysnap,«. Thin gingerbread. 

Branglb, V, To quarrel. 

Branglbd, adj. Confused; entan- 
gled. Line. 

Brank, (1)9. To hold up the head 

(2) V. To put a restraint on any- 
thing. North, 

(3) 8. Buck- wheat. East. 
Brankes, 8. A saddle of straw. 
Brankke, v. {A.'N.) To wouud. 
Branks, (1) 8. An instrument, 

formerly used for punishing 

scolds, being a sort of iron frame 

for the head, with a gag for the 


(2) A sort of halter or bridle. 

Branslb, 1 8. (Fr.) A dance, the 
BRANSEL, J same as the brawl. 
Brant, (1) adj. Steep; perpen* 

dicular. North. 

(2) adv. Up. 

{3) part. p. Burnt. Chesh. 




(4) *. A harrow. Huloet, 

(5) «. Abrantgoose, or barnacle. 

(6) adj. Consequential ; pompous. 

Bran-tail,«. The redstart. Shrqps. 
Branten, adj. Bold ; courageous. 

Brase, \v. To make ready; to 
BRAZE, J prepare. 

Such'was my lucke, I shot no shaft in vaine, 

My bow stood bent and brased nWtheyenre. 

Mirr.for Mag., p. 509. 

Brasrll, adj. An epithet for a 

bowl, used in the game of bowls. 

Blesse his sweet honour's running brasell 
bowle. Marston, Sat., u. 

Brassy, 1 «. A kind of sauce, 
BRASiLL, J apparently for fish. 

" Pykes in brasey,** and " eels in 

brasill,^* are mentioned in the 

Forme of Cury. 
Brash, (1) «. The refuse boughs 

and branches of fallen timber; 

clippings of hedges. 

(2) V. To run headlong. North. 

{3) adj. Impetuous; hasty; rash. 

(4) 8. A violent push. 

(5) 8. A rash or eruption. West. 

(6) 8. Any sudden development, 
a crash. 

(7) V. To prepare ore. North. 
Brash, \8. A sudden 

WATER-BRASH, J sickucss, accom- 
panied with a rising of brackish 
water into the mouth. Warw. 

Brashib, adj. Land that is light 
and brittle, and fuUof small stones 
and gravel, is said in Gloucester, 
shire to be brashie, 

Brashy. Small ; rubbishy ; delicate 
in constitution. North. 

Brasil, 8. A word used in dyeing 
to give a red colour. It is used 
by Chaucer, Cant. T., 15465 ; and 
in other early writings. 

Brass, 8, (1) Copper coin, half- 
(2) Impudence. 

Brassarts, 1 8. (^.-iV.) In ancient 
BRAssETS, J armour, pieces be- 

tween the elbow and the top of the 
shoulder, fastened together by 
straps inside the arms. 

Brassish, adj. Brittle. North. 

BRASTf pres. And pret. t. Burst. 

Br AST, V. To burst, or break. 

Then gan she so to sobbe 
It seem'd her heart would brasl. 
Romeua and Juliet, Supp. to Sh., i, 333. 

Brastle, V. To boast ; to brag. 

Bkastnes, «. A rupture. Huloet, 
Brat, *. (1) {A.-S.) A short coarse 


(2) A coarse kind of apron. 

( 3) A child's bib or apron. North. 

(4) A turbot. North. 

(5) Film or scum. North. 
Bratchet, 8. A term of contempt. 


Brathly, adv. Fiercely; exces- 

Brattice, 1 «. A partition ; a shelf; 
BRATTisH,j a seat with a high 
back. North. 

Brattishino, 8. The same as 

Brattle, (1) v. To thunder. 

(2) V. To lop the branches of 
trees after they are felled. The 
loppings are called brattlings. 

(3) *. A race, or hurry. North. 

(4) *. A push, or stroke. North, 
BR\TTYtadj. Mean and dirty. Line, 
Brauch,«. Rakings of straw. Kent. 
Brauchin,«. a horse-collar. North, 
Brau6hwham,«. a dish composed 

of cheese, eggs, and bread and 
butter, boiled together. Lane. 

Br WJVGIHG, adj. Pompous. North, 

Bravadoes, s. Roaring boys. 

Bravation, 8. Bravery. 

Brave, (1) adj. {A.-N.) Finely 

Tliey're wondrous hrave to^ay: why do 

tiiey wear 
These several habits P 

l^iltor. Coromb., 0. PI., vi, S£l. 




For I have gold, and tliercfore will be brave ; 
In silks I'll rattle ii of ev'rv colour. 

Green's Tu. (j., 0. PI., ni, 35. 

(2) V. To make a person fine. 

Thon liast braved many men (that is, 
liust made them fine, oeing: said to a 
taylor) brave not me j I will neither be 
fae'd nor brav'd. Tarn. Shr., iv, 3. 

Thou glasse wherein my dame hath such 

As when she braves then most on thee to 

gaze. T. Watson, Sonnet Z4i. 

(3) «. A boast ; a vaunt. 

(4) «. A bravo ; a ruffian. 

(5) 8, A trophy. 

Trop]i6e, euseigne de victoire. A signe 
or token of victorie : a brar^. 


(6) adj. In some dialects, thej 
say of a person just recovered 
from a sickness, " He is brave.*' 

Bravery, (1) «. Finery. 

(2) 8. A beau; a fine gentleman. 
Bravi, 8. (Lat.) A reward, or prize. 
Brawdry, 8. Sculptured work. 

Bra WET, 8. A kind of eel. North, 
Brawl 1 *. {Fr.) A sort of dance, 
BRALL, J brought from Fiance 

about the middle of the sixteenth 


^^«, ' ?•#. A brat, or child. 

BROL, J ' 

Shall such a begar's brawle as that, think- 
est thou, make me a tlieefe? 

Gammer Gurt., 0. PL, ii, 51. 

And for the delight thou tak'st in beggars 
and their brawls. 

Jovial Crew, 0. PI., x, 857. 

Brawn,*. (1) Smut of corn. West. 

(2) The stump of a tree. Devon, 

(3) A boar ; a boar pig. 

(4) Any kind of flesh, not merely 
that of the boar, especially the 
muscular parts of the body. 

Brawned, adj. Strong; brawny. 

Brawneschedyn. Branded. TVtn- 

dalCi p. 40. 
Brawn-fallen, adj. Very thin. 
Brawns, s. The muscles. 

Bray, (1) v. (Fr,) To beat in a 
mortar ; to beat ; to thrash. 

Twonld grieve me to be brag'i 
lo a huge mortar, wnntght to paste, be. 
JUmnuuMT, O. jPL, vii, 161. 

{2) adj. Good; bold. 

(3) f. To throw. 

(4) V, To upbraid. Huhet. 

(5) V, To cry. 

(6) 8, A cliff, or rising ground. 

But when to climb the other hill they gan. 

Old Aladine came fiercely to their aid ; 
On that steep braif lord Guelpho would 
not then 
Hazard his folk, but there his soldiers 
stuid. Fair/., Ta*so,ix, 96. 

Braying-ropes, 8, Part of the 

harness of a horse. 
Brays, 8. Hay thrown in rows 

before it is made into cocks. 
Braze, v. (1) To be impudent. 

(2) To acquire a bad taste, applied 

to food. North. 
Brazil, 8, Sulphate of iron. 

Breach, (1) 8, A break, applied 

especially to the break of day. 

(2) Breach of the 8ea, the brim 
where the waves beat over the 
sand, or where the foam is carried 
by the breaking of the waves. 

(3) 8. A plot of land preparing 
for another crop. Devon. 

(4) V, To quarrel. Ttisaer., 
Breach-corn, 8, Leguminous 


Breach Y, adv. (1) Said of cattle 
apt to break out of their pasture. 
(2) Brackish. Su88ex. 

Bread, 8. *' To know which side 
one*s bread is buttered on,'' t. e., 
to consider one's own interest. 
** To take bread and salt," meant, 
to bind one's self by oath. In 
Northamptonshire they say, " If 
I don't speak to such a one when 
I meet her, there will be no 
bread in nine loaves ;" meaning, 
she will fancy I am offended, or 
too proud to notice her. 

Bkeaoings, 8. The swathes or 




lieaps of corn or grass wherein 
the mower leaves them. Chesh, 

Bread-loaf, «. Household hread. 

Break, (1) «. Land in the first 
year after it has been ploughed 
or broken up, after it has long 
lain fallow or in sheep-walks. 

(2) ». A stag breaks cover, when 
he goes out before the hounds ; 
and breaks water^ when he has 
just passed through a river. 

(3) V. To break beans, to run the 
horse-hoe between the rows. 

(4) V. To tear. Hampsh. 

(5) To break across in tilting, 
when the tiiter, by unsteadiness 
or awkwardness, suffered his 
spear to be turned out of its 
direction, and to be broken across 
the body of his adversary, instead 
of by the push of the point. 

Brbar-danse, a, A treacherous 

Brbakditch, 8. A cow which will 

not stay in her own pasture ; any 

one in the habit of rambling. 

Brkak-neck, «. A ghost. North, 
Brraknet, 9. The dog-fish. "A 

breakenet: a seadog, or dog- 

fishe." Nomenclator. 
Break-up, 9. To cut up a deer. An 

old hunting term. 
BRBAM,a4^'. Cold and bleak. North, 
Brban, V, To perspire. Yorksh, 
Breant-need, 8, Assistance in 

distress. North, 

Breast, (1) *. The voice. 

Truely two degrees of men shall greatly 
lacke the use of singinge, preuchers and 
lawyers, becanse they shall not without 
this, be able to rule their breastes for 
every purpose. Jacham's Toxoph., p. 29. 

By my troth, the fool has an excellent 
breast. Skakesp., Tw. Night, ii, 3. 

Pmy ye stay a little : let's hear him sing, 
h'as a fine breast. B. /■ Fl., Pilgrim^ iii, 6. 

(2) V. To trim a hedge. Shropah. 

(3) 8. The face of coal-workings. 

(i) V. To spring up. North. 
Breast- KNOT,*. A knot of ribbons 

worn by women on the breast. 

Brbat, 8. A kind of tnrbot. 
Breath, {1)8. Exercise; breathing. 


(2) V. To exercise. 

He would every morning breath himself 
and his horse m running at the riiig> 
after dinner he often danced in masks, 
and made sumptuous feasts, and in every 
thing he did shew himself so magnifi- 
cent, tliat he charmed the hearts of hII 
the Italians. History ofFrandon, 1655. 

(3) V, To take breath. 
(4)9. A smile. Somerset. 

(5) 8. Scent ; vdour. West, 

(6) V. To bray ; to neigh. Devon. 

(7) Futuere. "And think'st thou 
to breath me upon trust?" 
Heywood, Royal King, 1637. 

Breathing-hole, a. A vent-hole 

in a cask. 
Breathing-while, 8. A time 

sufficient for drawing breath; 

a very short period of time. 

Ingratitude, I hold a vice so vile. 

That I coiild ue'r endure't a breathinff 
while : 

And therefore ere I'l prove a thanklesse 

Time in his course shall mnne quite retro- 
grade. Taylor's Workes, 1630. 

Breau, 8. Spoon meat. North. 
Breche, 8. (A.-S.) (1) Breeches. 

And whan that thay knewe that thay 
were naked, thay sowede of fige levea 
in maner of breenes, to hiden here niem- 
birs. Chaucer^ Fersones T. 

(2) The buttocks of a deer. 

Breck, (1) «. A piece of unen- 
closed arable land ; a sheep walk, 
if in grass. East. 
(2) A small hole broken, usually 
confined to cloth or like material. 

Bred ALE, 8. A marriage-feast. 

Brede, (1) ». {A.'S.) To roast. 

Man and hous thai brent and bredden, 
And her godes owav ledden. 

Arthour and Merlin, p. 270. 




(2) *. Breadth. North, 

(3) V. To breed. 

i4) adj. {A.'S.) Broad; extended. 
5) adv. Abroad. Skinner. 

(6) 9. Living; employment. 

(7) *. A knot. West. 

(8) *. (A.^S.) A board. 

(9) 8. A biaid. 
Bredechesr, 8. Cream-cbeese. 
Bredhitithk, 8. A lump of bread. 

Pr. Parv. 
Brbd-sork, 8. A vi'hitlow. East. 
Bree, (1) *. A bank. North, 

(2) 8. (A.'S.) The eyebrow. 

(3) adj. Short, spoke of earth as 
opp.)sed to stiff and clayey. 

(4) V. To frighten. North. 

(5) *. Agitation. North. 
Brebch, v. To flog; to whip. 
Breechmen, 8. Sailors. 
Breed, (I) v. To plait. South, 

(2) Breed and seed, biith and 
parentage and relationship. "I 
know the breed and seed of him." 

Breed-bate, s. A maker of con- 
tent on. 

Breeder, s. A fine day. East, 

Breeds, s. The brims of a hat. 

Breepe, *. A gadfly. See Brief, 
*• Flye havynge foure winges 
called a bree/et Tabanus." Hul. 

.„«.J« r *• Breeches. North, 


Breek-oirdille, 8. A girdle round 
the middle of the body. 

At ys hreggnrdle that swcrd ustod. 

Asktnole MS., \oth cent. 

Breel, 8. Perhaps for brol. 

Why lowtt 5e nat low to my lawdabyll 

Ye brawlyng hreels and blabyr lyppyd 

bycchys. Digby Mysteries, p. 107. 

Brebn, 8, A gob in. North. 
Breeth, adj, A tertn applied to 

light, open soil. West. 
Bbsezb, (1) V, To lean hard Devon, 

(2) 8. A qaarrel. Var. d, 
Bref, adj. (A.'N.) Brief; short 
Brkffet, V, To rans ck. Line. 
Breooe, 8, A bridge. 
Brkqid, part. p. Abridged. 
Ureid, 8. {A.-S. bregd.) Grief; fear. 

I'or evere were thou lather and les, 
For to brewe me bitter breid. 
And me to puyten out of peel. 

ffaltcr Mapes, p. 84S. 

Breke, V, To break ; to sepante. 

Brekbt, 8, A weapon ; a sort of 

Breme, adj. {A.'S. brem.) Re- 
nowned ; fierce ; vigorous ; crueL 
Brench, 8. The brink. 
Brende, (1) v. To make broad; 

to spread about. North, 

(2) part. p. Burn ^hed. 
Bren'dston, 8. Brimstone. 
Brenk, v. To stand erect in a stiff 

and pompous manner. Yorksh, 
Brenne, (1) V. {A.-S.) To burn. 

(2) s. Bran. 
Brenningly, adv. Hotly. 
Brent, adj. (1) Steep. North, 

(2) Burnt. 
B REN WATER, 8. Aquafortis. 
Brentede, 8. (A.-N.) Courageous. 
Brerd, 8, (A.-S.) The surface; 

Brere, (1) *. (A.'S. br€Br.) A briar. 

(2) V. To sprout. North. 
Brkrewood, 1 «. The brim of a 
breward, j hat. *'Aile, awing; 

also, the biimme or irerewood 

of a hat." Cotgrave, 
Br SE, v. {A.-N,) To bruise. 
Bressemor, 8, A beam. North. 
Brest- APPLE, s. A kind of apple. 

MhIu orthomastica, FHd. mammarom ef- 
tigie, op^/uLouTTiicd. Brest-apples,otiKp^ 
apples, so called of their likenes. 

NometidatoTt li^ 

Brestb, (1) V. (A.'S.) To bunt. 
(2) «. A bursty especially of sor- 

Bresurb, 8, (A.'N.) A braise or 




Bret, v. To fade away ; to change. 

Bretage, 1 *. (J.'N.) A para- 
BRETESCHE, I pet, 01, morc pro- 
BRETEXE, j perly speaking, the 
BRETisE, J temporary wood- 
v(orks raised on the battlements 
in a siege. Bretaged or bre» 
texedy furnished with bretages. 
Bretfull, adj. Brimful. 
Breth, 8, Rage ; auger. 

Brethel, 1 *. A worthle>8 

brethelino, > person; a roise- 
BROTHEL, J rable wretch. 

Bret-out, v. Corn being very dry 
in harvest time, and falling from 
the husks, is said to hret-out. 

Brettene, V, {A.-S.) To carve ; to 
cut up. 

Breve, (1) v. To speak; to in- 
form ; to account. 

(2) V. To mark ; to write. 

(3) adj. {A.-N.) Brief; short. 

Brevement, 8. An account. 
Brevet, (1) *. {A.-N.) A small 


(2) To move about inquisitively ; 

to search diligently. West, 

Brevetour, 8. A porter, or car- 
rier of letters. 

Brevial, *. A breviary. 

Breviatb, (1) V, {Lat,) To 
(2) «. A compendium. 

Breviature, 8. A note of abbre- 

Brevit, (1) V, To rummage for 
anything. Northampt. 
(2) A person who oes hunting 
and fidgeting about. North' 

Brew, (1) *. A kind of bird. 
(2) 8. Broth. Comw. 

B REWARD, 8, A blade of com. 

Brewer's-horse, 8, A drunkard 
. was said to be one whom the 
brewer*8 horse had bit. 









*. (A.-S. brivmst 
sops.) Pottage ; 
broth. In the North 
they have still a 
breufist made of 
slices of bread, with 
fat broth poured 
over them. 

For to make bruet of Altmyne. Tak 
partricliys rostyd, and checouys, and 
qualys rostyd, and larkys ywol, and 
aemembre the other; and niuk a god 
cawdel, and dresse the flesch in a dysch, 
and sti-awe powder of galeiityn tlior- 
upon ; st^k upon clowys of gelofre, and 
serve yt torthe. Warner, Ant. CuL, p. 41. 

Brewet of Jbnony. Take conynges or 
kiddes, and hewe hem small on rnuscels, 
otiier on pecys. Parboile hem M'ith the 
same broth. Drawe an almauiide mylke, 
and do the fleissh therewith. Cast thereto 

Sowdor galyngale and of gynger, witli 
uer of rys ; and color it with alkenet. 
Boile it, and messe it forth with sugiir 
and powdor-douce. Forme of Cury,jf. 11. 

For to make bruet of Lomhardye. Tak 
chekenys, or hennys,or othere flescli, 
and mukthe colowre als red us any blod ; 
and tak peper, and kanel, and gyngyver 
bred, and grynd hem in amorteV, and a 
porcon of bred, and niak that biiier 
thenne} and do that fltisch in that 
broth, and mak hem boyle togedere, 
and stury it M'el. And tuk eg<:ys, and 
temper hem wy th jus of parcylc ; and 
wrynv hem thorwe a cloth ; and wan 
that bruet is boylyd, do that tliercto, 
and meng tham togedere wyth fayr 
grees, so that ytbe fat ynow; and serve 
yt forthe. Warner, Antiq. Culln , p 41. 

Brew-leoe, 8. The leaden cooling 

vessel used by brewers. 
Brewster, s. A brewer. North, 
Breyde, (1) *. Force; violence. 

(2) V. To startle ; to frighten. 
Bre5e, v. {A.-S.) To frighten. 
Brian, v. To keep fire at the 

mouth of an oven. North. 
Briar-ball, s. An excrescence on 

the briar. In Northamptonshire 

boys put it in their coat-cuffs as a 

charm against fiogging. 
Briars. Brought in the briars, 

t. e., deserted ; brought in the 

lurch; impeded. To help one 




ont of the briars, i. e,, out of any 

Driart, 8. A place where briars 

Bribagb, 8. {A.-N.) Bribery, 
Bribe, v. {A,'N,) To rob; to 

Bribe-pib, t. 

Eat with him 1 damn him I to hear him 
employ his barbarous eloquence in a 
readiug upon the two and thirty pioA. 
hits in a shoulder of veal ; iind be forc'd 
yourselt topraise the cold bribe-pye ihat 
Btmks. WyeherUy, Flain-deaUr, 1677. 

Bribour, 8. {A.'N.) (1) A robber. 

(2) A beggar. 
Bribre, 8, Robbery. 
Bricco, adj. Brittle. Che8Ju 
Brichi^, aiij. Happy. 
Brick, (1) v. To break by pulling 


(2) 8. A loaf of bread baked in a 
narrow oblong form, somewhat 
resembling the proportions of a 
brick. Warw, 

(3) *. A rent or flaw. Devon, 
Brickbn, (1) adj. Made of brick. 


(2) 9. To draw the chin to the 
Brickettbs, *. The pieces of ar- 
mour which covered the loins, 
and joined the tassets. 
Brick-kebl,«. a brick-kiln. South, 
Bricklb, adj. Brittle. Still used 
in the North. 

See those orbs, and how they passe ; 
All's a tender brickie glasse. 

Tixall Poetry, p. 69. 

Bricknoooin, 8, An old mode of 
building with frequent wooden 
right-ups, filled in with bricks. 
Half-timbered houses are termed 
brick-pane buildings. 

Bbickston.. 1 ^ ^^ ^ ^ 
brick-tile, j 

Brick-walls. Making brick- walls 
is a term sometimes applied to 
swallowing one's meat without 

Bricole, 1 (Fr.) The rebound 
BRiCKOLL, >of a ball after a 
BRiCK-WALL, J side strc^e at 

Bricole, «. (A.^N,) A military en- 
gine for battering walls. 

Brid, 8. (A.-S,) A bird. 

B RID ALE. See Bredale, 

Brtdaltee, 8, A naptial festivaU 

Briddis, 8, {A,'S,) Brood ; family. 

Anoone he ordejmide a Teasel afore hir 
hole, ande put therin ereri daye milke, 
thai the serpent withe his ftniMumyjrht 
hcke hit oute. Oetta Romanor$tm, p. IM. 

Bride, (1) 8. {A.-N.) A bridle. 
(2) V, ** Cincischidre, to mince 
or bride it at the table or in 
speech as some affected women 
uae." Fiorio, 

Bride-lacbs, 8, (1) A kind of 
broad riband or small streamer, 
often worn at weddings. 
(2) The ribbon grass (eaimiu^ 
grostie variegaia). Northan^i* 

Bride-wain, 9. A marriage custom 
in Cumberland. 

Bridewell. A well-known priaoiiy 
and often used for a prison or 
house of correction in generiL 
A bridewell'bird, a rogue. 

Ergastnlns. Servns ergaatolo inchwm, 
qui e vinculis opus fadt. Serf ensorri. 
A roge kept in prison and forced to 
worke : a briiewsU bird, NomeHelator. 

Bridoe-pin, 8. Part of a match- 
lock gun. 

Bridges. (1) Bruges. 

(2) 8, A kind of thread, made 
probably at Bruges. 

Bridle, 8, An ancient instroment 
for punishing a scold. 

Bridlegged, adj. Weak in the 
legs. Cheeh, 

^™.7;"?^"' I*- A road for a 
BRIDLE-STY. ^orsc Only. 

bridle- WAT, J ^ 

Bridling, 8, A bitch maria appe- 

Bridlino-cast, «. Apartingtum. 
Bridris, 8, Breeders. 




B RID WORT, 8. Meadow-sweet. 
Brief, (1) t. {AS.) A petition ; 

any short paper; a letter; an 

abstract ; an account. 

(2) at§. Common ; prevalent. 

(3) «. A horse-fly, or gad-fly. 

(4) 9. A breve in music 
Brig, «. A utensil used in brew- 
ing and in dairies to set the 
strainer upon; a sort of iron, 
set over a fire. 

Brioant, 9. {j4.-N.) a robber or 
plunderer. Originally, a soldier 
who wore a brigandine, which 
being light armour, these soldiers 
were the most active plunderers. 

Brigantaile, «. (A.'N,) A brigan- 
dine, a sort of armour composed 
of small plates of iron sewn upon 
quilted linen or leather. 

Brigb, «. {A.-N,) Contention. 

Brigge, 8. A bridge. North, 

Briogen, o. To abridge. 

Bright, 8. Celandine. 

Briohtsome, adj. Bright. 

Brioose, adf.{A.'N.) Quarrelsome. 

Brik, ac(;. Narrow ; straight. 

Brikb, *. {A.'S,) Breach ; ruin. 

Brim, (1) ». The sea; flood; a 

(2) iidj. The same as breme, 

(3) *. The forehead. North. 

(4) High, in respect of locality. 

Brimbles,!. Brambles. Devon, 
Brimme, 8, Public ; known. 

— Yeat that tiion doest holde me in 
Is brimme abroad, and many a gybe to all 
that keepe this plaine. 

Wame/s JIhions England, 1592. 

Brimmer, «. A hat. North. 

I cannot forget (before ushes and broad 
bats came into fashion) how much I 
have seen a small puny wit delight in 
himself, and hotr horribly he has thoujcht 
to have abused a divine, only in twist- 
ing the ends of his girdle, and asking 
him the price of his brimmer ; but tliat 
phansie is not altogether so considerable 
now, as it has been in former ages. 

£ackar^i Observntunu, 1871. 

1 V. To drink in an- 
[,' I swer to a pledge. 

CE, J 

Brimmle, «. A bramble. West. 

J"*Jf' ^ r*» A gadfly. Kent. 
brimset, J ® •' 

Oestrum, Virg. asilns, Eid. tabanns, 
Pliu. Vesparum genus armentis infes- 
tum. fivia^l/, ol<rrpo«, Aristot. Tahon. 
A gadbee; a breese; a dunAee; a 
brimsee. Nomendator, 1585. 

Brimstone, adj. Rampant. South, 



Liitber first brineed to Germany the 
poisoned cup of bis heresies. 

Harding, in Bishop JeweVs Warlcs. 

Let us consult at the taveme, where 
after to tlie health of Memphio, drinke 
we to the life of Stellio, I carouse to 
Piisius, and brinch you mas Sparantus. 
lyly, M. Bombie, ii, 1. 

B RINDED, adj. Fierce. Devon. 

Brindle, 8. The state or condition 
of being brindled. 

Brindled, adj. Streaked; varie- 

Brinoen, v. {A.'S,) To bring. To 
bring one going, or to bring one 
on his way, or to bring onward ; 
to accompany a person part of a 

And she went very lovingly to bring him on 
hi* way to horse. 

Woman killed w. k., 0. PL, vii. 283. 

Come, motlier, sister : yon'll bring me «»- 
vardt brother. 

Bevenger't Tr., 0. PI, iv, 812. 

Brini, 1 ,j^g^ ^^j ^ 
^^^^V cuirass. 


The knyghtis redy on justers, 
AUe y-armed swithe wel, 
Bruny, and launce, and sweord of stel. 
K. Misaunder, 1. 1867. 

Brink-ware, 8. Small faggots to 
repair the banks of rivers. East. 
Brise, (1) V. To bruise, or break. 

(2) *. A bristle. North. 

(3) 8. Fallow ground. East. 
Brisk, v. To enliven one's spirits. 
Brisk-ale, ff. Ale of a superior 

qui^ity, West, 




BiasKEN. ». To be lively. 

Bkisle-dice, 8, A sort of false 

Briss,«. Dust ; rubbish. Devon. 

Brissle, V, To scorch; to dry. 

Brissour, 8. A sore place ; a chap. 

Brist-high, adj. Violent. YorksU. 

Bristlb-tail, *. A gadfly. North, 

Bristow, Bristol. Bristol milk 
was an old name for slierry. A 
false diamond was called a Bristol 
stone, from a kind of soft dia- 
monds which were found in rocks 
near that town. 

Coffee-houses and taverns lie round the 
Change, just as at l^ondon; smd the 
Bristol milk, which is Spsinish slierrv, 
no where so good as liere, is plentifully 
drank. Journey thro* England, 1724. 

Oh ! you that should in choosing of your 

Knowe a true diamond from a Briatoto 

stone. Wit Restored, 1058. 

Brit, v. To bruise; to indent. 


(2) s. A kind of fish. Comw, 
Britain-crown, s, A gold coin, 

worth about five shillings. 
Brite, v. When hops or corn are 

over- ripe and shatter, they are 

said to brite. East and South. 
Brith, s. Wrath ; contention. 
Britonner, *. A swaggerer. 
Brittene, v. {A.'S.) To carve ; to 

break, or divide into fragments. 

Brittling, s. The slow-worm. 

Brize, 8. A gadfiy. 

This hrize has pnck'd mv patience. 

if. Jons.y Poetatter, iii, 1. 

I will put the hrize in's tail shall set him 
gadding presently. 

VHt. Corom., 0. PI., vi, 251. 

Bro, *. A brow ; the brink. 
Broach, (1) s. (Fr) A spit. 

(2) V. To spit or transfix. 

(3) 8. A larding-pin. 

(4) *. A spur. 

(5) ». To spur. 

(6) *. A sharply pointed stick 
to thrust into mows of corn. 

(7) V. To deflower. Mieffe, 

(8) 8, A taper ; a torch. 

(9) 8, A rod of willow or bazle 
used by thatchert. 

(10) An irregular growing of 
a tooth. BroekUy, a crooked- 
ness, -espedaUy of the teeth. 

(11)0. To shape stones nraghlv. 


( 1 2) *. A fishing-hook. Prompt. P. 
Broad, s. A flooded fen. East. 
Broad-arrow, s. An arrow with a 

large head, and forked. 
Broad-band, 8. Com laid out in 

the sheaf on the band, after 

rain, and spread out to dry. 

Broad-blown, adj. Fnll.blown. 
Broad-cast, adj. Com sown by 

the hand and not drilled. Soiuih. 
Broad-heads, s. The heads of 

Broad-sbt, adj. Short and thick. 
Broak, v. To belch. East. 
Broan, '\s. Cleft wood for the 
brawn,/ fire. Devon, A faggot. 

Bros, v. To piick with a bodkin. 

Brobillb, v. To welter. 
Broc, *. (A.-S.) A rapture« 
Brocage, *. (A.-N.) A treaty by 

a broker or agent. 
Broc ALE, s. Broken victuals. 
Brochb. See Broach. 
Brock, (1) *. {A.-S, broc.) A 


(2) 8. A cabbage. North. 

(3) 8. A piece or fragment. 

(4) *. {A.'S. hroe.) An inferior 
horse. A horseman was called in 
Kent a brockman. The word is 
still used in the North for a cow 
or husbandry horse. 

(5) s. The insect which produces 
the froth called cuckoo-spittle. 

(6) 8. A brocket. 

Brooke, v. To brook ; -to ei\)oy. 




Brocket, ». (J.-N,) A stag in its 
third year; or, according to some 
authorities, in its second year. 

Bkocklb, adj. Brittle. North. 

Brocour, *. {A.'N.) A broker. 

Broddle, v. To make holes. North, 

Brode, V, To prick. North, 

Brodekins, 8, {Fr,) Buskins or 
half- boots. 

Brodel, 9. A brothel. 

Brodelyche, adj. Strong; fu- 

Brode-nail, 8, A sort of nail, 
often mentioned in old building 

6 RODS, 8. Money. Line, 

Broerh, adj. {J.-S.) Tractable. 

Brog, (1) «. A swampy or bushy 
place. North, 

(2) V, To crop. Yorksh. 

(3) V. To catch eels with brog8 
or small sticks. North, 

(4) V. To trouble water. 

(5) *. A tiick. East. 
Brogger, 8. A badger who deals 

in corn. 

Broggle, V, To fish for eels in a 
manner called in some parts to 

Brogue, (1) 8, A sort of shoe 
** made of the rough hide of any 
beast, commonly used by the 
wilder Irish." Holinshed. 
(2) 8. Breeches. Suffolk. 

Broided, adj. {J.-N.) Braided ; 

Broke, (1) v, {A.-S, brucan.) To 
deal, or transact a business, par- 
ticularly of an amorous nature; 
to act as a procurer ; to be the 
means of seducing. 

But we do want a certain necessary 

Woman, to broke between them, Cupid said. 

Fansh., Lusiad, ix, 44. 

Tis as I tell yon, Colax, she's as coy 
And huth as slirewd a spirit, as qoicke 

As ever weuch I brok^d in all mjr life. 

Daniel, Queen's Arcadia, iii, 3, p. 365. 

(2) «. A breach. Becon, 

(3) tf. A rupture. Kent. 

(4) adj. Exhausted; used up. 


(b) 8. A misdeed, or crime. 

(6) *. A brook. 

(7) V, Sheep, when lying under 
a broken bank, are said to broke. 

(8) V, To keep safe. 

Brokele, adj. Brittle. 

Of brokele kende his tliat he deithe, 
Tor hy ne more naujt dury. 

William de Skoreham. 

Brokeleak, 8, The water-dock. 

Brokelette, 8, A fragment. 

Brokell, *. Rubbish. ♦* Gary away 
rubbell or brokell of olde decayed 
houses. Enidero," Huloet, 

Broken-beer, s. Remnants of 

Broken-crosse, 8, To come home 
by Broken Crosse, i. e., to be 
bankrupt. Howell^ 1659. 

Broken- GRASS, 8. Grass left and 
mown after a field has been 
grazed by cattle. Leic, 

Broker, 8. A pander or go-be- 

Broket, 9. (1) A lark. Northumb, 

(2) A little brook. 

(3) A torch or taper. 
Brokking, 8, Throbbing; qui- 

braklempe, *8, The herb orpin. 


Brol, 8, (1) {A,-S.) A brat or 
(2) Part ; piece. 

Brom, 8. The bit of a bridle. North. 

Bromidgham. Birmingham. The 
name was appHed to false money, 
of which it was the great manu- 
factory; and to politicians who 
were between Whig and Tory, 
neither one nor the other, a 

BRONCHED,joar/.j». Pierced. 

Brond, *. (1) {A.'S.) A sword. 
(2) (A.-N) A torch. 
I Bronj9b, v. To brand; to burn. 




Brond-irov, 8. A sword. Spenser. 

Brosg, part.p. Brought. North. 

B RON STROP, a. A prostitute. 

Broo, «. (1) The top of anything; 
the hrow. 

(2) Brother. North. A hroo- 
chip, a person of the same trade, 
or likeness. 

Brood, v. To cherish. 

Broodle, v. To cuddle. North. 

Broody, adj. (1) Sullen; ill-tem- 
pered. Dorset. 

(2) Dark and cloudy, spoken of 
the weather. Northamp. 

(3) Broody hen, a hen which is 
sitting on eggs. 

Brook, (I) v. Clouds are said to 
brook up, when they draw to- 
gether, and threaten rain. South. 

(2) «. A boil or abscess. 

(3) 8. To digest. Palsgrave, 
BaooKLiME, 8. Water-S(>eedwell. 
Brookmint, 8. {A.'S.) Watermint. 
Broom -DAS HER, «. (1) A dealer 

in faggots, brooms, &c. Kent. 
(2) A maker of brooms. Leic. 

Broom-field, s. To sweep broom- 
field, to get possession of the 
whole of anything. East. 

Broomstaff, 1 «. The handle of 
BROOMSTALE, J a broom. 

BaosB, V. To bruise. 

B ROSE LEY, 8, A pipe, so called 
from a place in Shropshire where 
pipes were made. 

Brosewort, 8. Henbane. Gerard 
gives this name to the consolida 

Brosier, 8. A bankrupt. Chesh. 

Brosshing, 8. Gathering sticks or 

Brustkn, part.p. Burst. 

Brotchet, 8. A liquor made from 
the last squeezings of a honey- 
comb. North. 

Brotel, <idj. {A.'S.) Brittle ; un- 

Brot-ground, 8. Ground newly 
broken up. Westm. 

Broth, ». Pottage. North, 

Broth-belly, t. A giotton. North. 
Broth E, 1 j- « j .. 

BROTHLY, J o^ ' ''"ten*. 

Broth B, adv. Abroad. North. 

Bbothbl, 8 {A.'S.) A worthlen 
person ; a harlot. See BrttheL 

Bbothelry, «. LasciTiousneia; 

Brothebbd, jmrL p. Embroi- 

Bbotherhed, 9. Brotherly af- 

Brother-in-law, «. A half-bro- 
ther. East. 

Brothebwort, 9. PennyroyaL 

Brothy, adj. {A.'S.) Hard; ttiff. 

Brotts, 8. Fragmenta ; droppings. 

Broud, 8. A forehead. Wett. 

Brouou, 9. A kind of halo. 

Brouoh-whAii, 1 «. Adishmadeof 
BROUGHTON, J cheese, eggs, 
clap-bread, and butter, bolted 
together. Lane. 

Brouke, v. {A.'S.) To eojoy; 
to use ; to possess. 

Brouse,«. Brushwood. West. 

Bbout, 8. A bruit, or rumoor. 

Brow, adj. (1) Pert; saucy. North. 
(2) Brittle. Wilts. 

Browden, adj. (1) Anxiooa about. 
(2) Vain ; conceited. North* 

Browdene, adj. Broad; ex- 

B Ro WEN, part. p. Brewed. 

Browes, 8. Pottage. See Brewet. 

They thank'd him all with <nie e(»ieBt, 
But especially nuiister Powes, 

Desiring aim to bestow no coat. 
But onely beefe and hrowe*. 

King*s Halfe-Fmnyworth of )Ft/,1618. 

Browing, s. Soup ; pottage. 
Brown-clock, s. The cockchafer. 

Brown-crops, 8. Pulse. Gtouc. 
Brown-day, «. A gloomy day. 





Brown-deep, adj. Lost in re- 
flection. Kent. 

Brown -GEORGE, 8. (1) A coarse 
sort of bread. 

(2) A large earthen pitcher. 

(3) A small close wig, with a 
single row of curls, said to take 
its name from George III. 

Brown-leemrrs, 1 Ripe brown 
BRowNSHULLERs. J nuts ; figu- 
ratively applied to generous per- 
sons. North. 

Brown study. A thoughtful ab- 
sence of mind. 

And in the mornynge whan every man 
made hym redy to ryde, and some were 
on horsebacke setting forwarde, John 
Reyuoldes founde his companion syt- 
tvnge in a browne studtf at the inne 
gate. Tales and Quicke Answers. 

Why how now, sister, in a motley muse ? 

Vaith, tliis brovm study suits not with your 

Your habit and your thoughts are of two 

eolours. B. Jonson, Case Alter'd, iv, 1. 

Brow^age, 8. Browsing. 
Browse, s. Dry food for cattle. 

" Browsct or meat for beastes in 

snow tyme. Vesca." Huloet. 
BROW-sauARE, 8. A triangular 

piece of linen, to bind the head 

of an infant just born. We8t. 
Browthy, adj. Light and spongy, 

spoken of bread ; the opposite of 

clnsty, or clayey. Comw. 
Broylery, 8. (Fr.) A tumult. 
Broylly, adj. {Fr.) Broiled. 
Brozier. *' Brozier my dame," 

t. e., *' eat her out of house and 

Bruce, 8. Pottage. See Brewet. 
Bruck, 8. A field-cricket. North. 
Brvckeled, adj. Wet and dirty; 

begrimed. East. 
Bruule, v. To let a child lie till 

he is quite awake. Devon, 
Brue, ». To embrue. 
Bruet, 8, Pottage. See Brewet, 
Bruff, adj. (1) Hearty; jolly; 

rough in manners. 

(2) Brittle Dorset. 

Brugge, «. {A.-S.) A bridge. 

Bruile, v. a sea term. 

Our master Richard Swanler, seeing 
their advantage, caused to brn'ilemH.\m:- 
saite, and edge within niuskct-shot of 
them both, and there maintained fight 
with them till sunne-set, and received 
no hurt at all. Taylor's Workes, 163U. 

Bruit, (1) «. {A.-N.) A rumour or 

(2) V. To report. 

A thousand things besides she bruits and 
tells. Mirr.for Mag., p. 17. 

Bruitist, 8. A brute. 

Bruklempe, 8. The herb orpin. 

See Broklembe. 

Item. Also take heyhove, walworte, 
white malowes, and bruklempe, and buyie 
hem ill watere and wassh the soore ther- 
in. MS. Uih cent. 

Brulliment, 8. (Fr, brouHlement,) 

A broil. North, 
Brumble-geldsr, 8, A farmer. 

Brummrll, 8. A bramble. Hants, 
Brummock, 8, A sort of knife. 

Brump, V, To lop trees in the 

night. East, 
Brun, v. To burn. North, 
Brune, 8. {A.'N.) Brown. 
Brungeon, 8, A brat; a child. 

Kent. It meant jN'operly a 

Brun NED, adj. Shrunk. Dorset. 
Brunswick, s. A sort of dance. 
Brunswyne, 8, The seaL Pr, 

Brunt, adj. Sharp to the taste. 

Brunte, V, To leap. 
Brure, 8. Brushwood. West, 
Brus, 8. Broth. See Brewet, 
Brusell, v. To bruise, or break. 
Brush, (1) v. To jump quickly. 

(2)2;. To splash hedges. Yorksh. 

(3) «. A nosegay. Dewm, 

(4) 8, Stubble. ' Staff, 
Brushaly, 8, The bushy branch 

of a tree. 




Brusk, adj. (Fr. brusque.) Rude. 
Bruslery, 8. {A.'N.) A tumult. 
Bruss, (1) adj. Proud; upstart. 


(2) s. The dry spine of furze. 

Bkust, (1) «. A bristle. 

(2) adj. Rough, or covered with 

(3) V. To burst. North. 
Brusting-saturday, s. The Sa- 
turday before Shrove-Tuesday. 

B RUSTLE, «. (1; To rise up against 
one fiercely. 

*Sbud I'll bruatU up to him ! 

Ottoay, The Atheist, 1684. 

(2) To crackle ; to rustle. 

(3) To parch. 
Brusy. Be gone ! Beds, 
Brute, s. {Fr.) Rough. 
Brutel, adj. Brittle. 
Bruts, s- Old clothes. North. 
Brutte, v. To browse. South, 
Bruttle, adj. Wild ; furious. 
Bruzz, v. To blunt. Yor^sh. 
Bruzzled, adj. (1) Over-ioasted. 


(2) Bruised. 

Bry, *. A kind of tart- "Tartede 
bry." Warner. 

Bryche, adj. Low. 

Bryde, adj. Bowed ; broke. 

Brygauntes, 8. Robbers. See 

Bryge, 8. {A.'S.) Strife ; conten- 

Amongst other, he snspectith oon to be 
his accusar cajlyd Chnrnpneys, M'hiche 
is as fond a felowe, as maliciouse, aud 
as sediciouse a person, as any in this 
shire ; he is a tenant of myn, and was of 
laate my servant, and lor seuiciou and 
hryges that he liad with syr John 
Saynctlo, and other jentyllmen here in 
the countre. Letter, 1536. 

Brygous, adj. Quarrelsome ; con- 

Bryrbndbr, s. a brigandine, or 
coat of light mail. 



An ancient dish. 

For to make hrymen$. Nym the tharnTi 
of a p>g{(e, aud wasck hem dene in 
water and salt, and aeth hem wei; and 
than link hem smale ; and ^yud pepyr 
and safron, bred and ale, and Doyle 
togedere. Nym wytys of eyren, aud 
knede it wyth flour, and make suial 
peloivs, and frye hem with wyte grees, 
and do hem in disches above that others 
mete, and serve it forrhe. 

Warner, Antiq. Culin., p. 89. 

Brymlent, 8. A sort of tart. 
Bryn, 8. A way or path ; a journey. 
Bryne, 8. Brows or bristles. 
Brynnys, 8. Bourns ; streams. 
Bryon, *. Wild nepte. 
Bryste, 8. Want ; need. 
Bryswort, 8. The less daisy. 
Bryttlb, v. To cut up venison. 
Bryte, adv. Brief. 
Bu, {\)v.{A.'S.) To bend. North. 

(2) 8. (A.-N.) An ox. 
Bub, {I) 8. Liquor. 

(2) V. To throw out in bubbles. 
Bu balls, 8. {Lat. bubtilus.) An 


Rubber, s. A great drinker. 
Bubble, (1) 8. A simple fellow; 

a inan easily cheated. 

Are any of these gentlemen good iuhhles. 
Sedley, The Mulberry Garden, 1668. 

(2) V. To cheat. 

He's a Buckinghamshire graaier, very 
rich; he has the fat oxen, aud fat acres 
in the vale : 1 met him here by dumee, 
and could not avoid drinking a gktf \ 
o' wine with hini. 1 believe he*8 gone 
down to receive money ; t'were an excel* 
lent design to bubble liim. 

Btherege, Comical Revenue, 1669. 

This is unlookt for fortune — but 'tis snch 
a good natur'd old fool, that methinks 
'tis pity to bubble him. 

Dur/ejf, Fool turned CritieL 

(3) V. To dabble in the water. 
*' BubblyngjOX bybblyng in water, 
as duckes do. Amphibohis,*' Hu* 

BuBBLE-AND-SaUEAK, 8. A dlsh 

composed of beef and cabbage. ' 
BuBBLB-HOLE, 8. A child*s game. 




BuBBLis-THE- JUSTICE, 8. A game, 

said to be the same as nine>hole8. 
Bubbly- JOCK, a. A turkey 'Cock. 

BuBBY-HUTCH, 8. A sort of truck 

or handbarrow. Leic. 
BuB-DouBLE, I9. A sort of strong 

DOUBLE BUB, J beer. 
BuBUKLE, s. {Lat) A botch or im- 

BucHT, 8. A herding place for 

sheep. Northumb. 
Buck, (1) v. To wash. 

(2) 8. A quantity of linen washed 
at once, a wash of clothes. 

Tlie wicked spirit could not endure her, 
because she had washed among her buck 
of cloathes, a catholique priestes sliirt. 
Decl. of Popish import, 4to, E, 2, 

Then shall we not have our houses 
broken up in the night, as one of my 
iivghtbovs had, and two great buckes of 
clothes stolen out, and most ot the same, 
fyne lynnen. 

Caveat for Com. Cura., A, 2, b. 

(3) 8. That peculiar infection 
>vhich in summer sometimes gets 
into a dairy, and spoils the cream 
and butter. Comw. To be bucktt 
is, in Devon, to have a rankish 
taste or smell, as we say *'the 
beer is bucJe'd" "the cheese is 
buckt" In the dialect of Exmoor, 
milk is said to be buckwurd or 
buckedyVihexi it smells of the milk, 
pail or bucket, or turns sour in it. 

(4) To buck corriy to pick out all 
the flour or pith of grain in the 
ground, after it has begun to 
spring, leaving only the husk or 
shell behind, which birds often 
do. Devon. 

(5) 8. A gay or fashionable per- 
son ; a word in use as early as 
the 15th cent. 

(6) 8, The body of a wagon. 

(7) 8. The iron in a wagon to 
. which the horses ar6 tied. 

(8) V. To spring qimbly. East. 

(9) 8. (J,.S.) The breast, or belly. 

(10) V. To swell out. Someraei. 
h\)v. To fill a basket. Kent. . 
(12) ©. To beat. Yorkah. 

Buck- basket, ». A clothes-basket. 

BucKBEAR, V. To teazc, find tault. 

BucK-BUCK, 8, A child's game, 
more usually called, " buck, buck, 
how many horns do I hold up ?" 

BucKER, (I) 8, A bent piece of 
wood, on which anything is sus- 
pended, as a slaughtered animal. 
(2) 8. A broad flat hammer, used 
in mining. 

BucKERELs, 8, A sort of play used 
by bovs in London, in the time 

Bucket, *. A pulley. North. 

Buckets, 8, Square pieces of boggy 
earth, below the surface. Yorkah, 

BucK-FATT, 8, A Washing tub. 

BUCKHEAD, V. To lop. 

BucKHORN, 8. Dried haddock. 
BucKHORSE, 8. A Smart box on 

the ear; a cant term derived 

from the name of a boxer. 
Bucking-stool, 8, A washing 

Buck-in-the-park, «. A child's 

Buckle, v, (1) To bend ; to bow. 

(2) To quarrel. Someraet. 

(3) To marry. "Good silly Stellio, 
we must buckle shortly." Mother 

(4) To buckle to, to return to any 
work, &c. ; to set to a thing in 

Buckle-horns, 8. Short crooked 
horns, turning inward. Yorksh. 

Buckle-mouthed, adj. Having 
large straggling teeth. North, 

Buckler, (I) ». To defend. 

(2) «. A great beam. Line, 

(3) To give bucklersy to yield, 
or lay by all thoughts of defence. 
To take up the bucklers, to con« 




A moct manly wit, Harnret, it will not 
hurt a woman ; and so, 1 pray thee, call 
Beatrice: I git* the* the bucklers. 

Muck A.t T, 2. 

Charge one of the?i to take up the bucklers 
Againit that hair-monger Horace. 

Jkcker^s Satiromaslix. 

Age i« nobodie — when yonth is in place, 
it gives the other the bucklers. 


fincK.MA.ST, «. The fruit of the 

BucKBAM-BEAKER, «. A dependant. 

His buckram-heareTy one that knowes his 

Can write with one hand and receive with 

Taylor's Workes, 1630. 

Bt7CKSH0RN, 8. A bawd. 
BucKSOME, adj. (1) Blithe; jolly. 


(2) Lascivioas. The word was 

used in this sense early in the 

last century. 
BucK8TALL, «. (1) A net for taking 


(2) The stout part of a thorn, 

the branches being cut off. Noff. 


punishment, which was adminis* 
tered by two boys taking hold of 
the culprit by the hands and feet, 
and swinging him with a bump 
against a wall. 

BucKSTicK, 8. A stick used in the 
game called Spell and Ore. 

BucKWASHER, 8. A laundrcss. 

BucK.WEEL,«. A bow-net for fish. 

Bun, (1) 9. To make, or compel. 

(2) 8. A calf of the first year. 
{^) pret, t. Behoved. 
(4) 8, A term of endearment, 
generally between man and wife. 

Mrs. Pin. Lord, budd, why d'ye friglit 
me 80 P Wyeheriey, Country Wtfe, 16ti8. 

BuD-BiRD, «. The bullfinch. We8t. 

BuDDLE,9» (1) To sufocate. Somer- 

(2) To cktnse ore. North. 

(3)«. The veawl for this purpete, 

formed like a shallow tumhnL 
BuDDLED, a4i» Tipsy. Devom, 
Buddy, adj. Fat ; corpulent. Lmc, 
BuDDT-BUD, 8. The flower of the 

burdock. North. 
BuDE, pret. i. Bode; eadintd. 

Budge, (1) 8. (Fr.) LambskiB with 

the wool dressed outwards. 

(2) adj. Brisk; jocond. Somth. 

{Z)adj. Proud. 

(4) ad;. Stiff; dull. Su98e». 

(5) 8. A bag or sack. Kemsett 

(6) 8. A kind of water-cask, on 
wheels. South. 

(7) V. To abridge, or lessen. 

(8) 8. A thief. 

(9) V. To stir; to move off. 

The sounding well they like, so in they 

And budge not till the tyler*8 pots were 


RowlandStKnates of Spades, 1618. 

And when wee struck downe one, the 
residue budgd not one jot tiN all were 
vauquished. Berberies Ttawds, 1688. 

Budget, l *. (/V*.) A wallet; a 
BouGBT, Weather case for cairy- 
BOGET, j ingthings behind a man 
on horseback. 

I am a Welshman, and do dwel in Wdes, 
I have lored to serche budgets and look in 
males. Andrew Bofiie, B. o/Xntm^. 

Budpickeb, «. The bidlfincb. 

BuDRAM, 8. Oatmeal gmel. Norf. 

Bub, adj. {A.-N.) Fair. 

BuEiNOs, «. Joints. Defwiu 

BuEN, V. To be. 

BuER, 8. A gnat. North, 

Bu ESS, 8. A stall, or station. Norih, 

Bup, «. (A.-N.) Beef. 

BuFARious, adj. MendadoBS. 

Buff, (1) v. To rebound. A wood- 
man will say his axe hufo when 
it strikes on a tough piece of 
wood and rebounds without Gttt« 
ting. Wm^. 




(2) 9. To emit a dull sound, ss a 
bladder filled with wind. Buffed- 
belig are tolled or rung with a 
covering. Warw. 

(3) 8. Leather made of a buffalo's 

(4) 8. The bare skin. To be in 
buff is equivalent to being naked. 

(5) V. To beat or strike. Spenser 
uses it for buffet. 

(6) V. To boast. 

(7) *. A tuft or hassock. Kent. 

(8) *. The bough of a tree. North. 

(9) 8. A buffalo. 

(10) Buff ne baff, neither one 
thing nor another. In North- 
amptonshire they still say buff 
nor bum, in the same meaning. 

A certaine persone being of hym [So- 
crates] bidden good speede, saied'to hym 
a^ine neither buffe ne baff, [that is, made 
him no kind of answer]. Neither was 
Socrates therewith, any thine discon- 
tented. Udall, Jpoph^th., fol. 9. 

BuFFABD, \ 8. {A.'N.) A foolish 

BUFFER, J fellow. 

Buffe, \ v. To stutter, or stam- 

BUFFLB, J mer. 
Buffet, *. (1) A cushion for the 

feet ; a small ottoman ; sometimes 

called a buffet-stool. 

(2) {Fr.) A kind of cupboard. 

(3) A blow. 

Buffib, 8. A vent-hole in a cask. 
BuFFiN, 8. A sort of coarse cloth. 
Buffing-knife, «. A knife for 

scraping leather. 
B UFF-jERKiN, 8. A Icathem jacket, 

worn usually by seijeants and 

BuFFLB, (1) «. A buffalo. 

(2) V. To handle clumsily. East. 

(3) V. To speak thick and inar- 

(4) V. To puzzle. 
Buffle-grrens, 8. The Brussels 

sprouts. Northamp. 
Bufflb-hbaded, adj. Stupid. 

You know nothing, you buffle-headed, 
stupid creature you. 

Wjfckerle^, Plain-deaUrf 1677. 

Buft, 8. The joint of the knee. 

Bug, {,1) 8. A goblin ; a bugbear. 

Tush, tush 1 fear boys with bugs. 

Sbakesp., Tom. Skr., i, 3. 

Afterwards they tell them, that those 
which they saw, were bugs^ witches, and 
ha^. Lavater. de Spectris, tr. lo72. 

Hohgroblins, or night-walking spirits, 
bUek bngt. Nomenelator. 

Which be the very bvggea that the 
Psuline meaneth on, walking in the 
night and in comers. Asck. Tuxoph. 

(2) adj. Proud ; conceited ; me- 
nacing, when applied to words, 
seems to be the meaning in 
Skinner. "To take bug," to 
take fright or offence. 

Tliese are bugg-noorda that aw*d the wo- 
men in former ages, and still fool a great 
many in this. 

Bavenscroft, Carele*s Lovers, 1673. 

Bra. A very great comfort — a whore is 
a very great comfort to her husband, 
witbont doubt. i 

BeauJ. Sirraii, no bug vords, there was 
no whoredom in the case. 

Durjey, A Virtuous Wife, 1680. 

(3) V. To take offence. North- 

BuoABOo, «. A bugbear ; a ghost. 

Bugan, 8. The devil. West. 

Bugasin, 8. Calico buckram. 

Buge, v. {A.'S.) To bend. 

Buggen, v. {A.'S.) To buy. 

Bugger, (1) «. To cheat at play. 
(2) 8, A hobgoblin. Gloiuc, 

Buggy bane, 1 «. An old game 

buckbe bene, j in Devonshire 

played by children in tfie dark, 

in which the following rhymes 

were repeated by one of the 


Buguy, buggy, bidde bene. 
Is tlie way now fair and clean P 
Is the goose y-gone to nest. 
And the fox y-com to restP 

Shall I (K)me away P 

Bugle, 8, A buffalo. 
BuoLB-BOD,. 8. The crosier of a 

BuGS-woRDS. Fierce, high-sound- 

iiig words. See Bug. " ChevaL d^ 




trompeftef one thats not afraid 
of shadowes, one wbotn no big 
nor buffs words can terrifie." 

BuGY, adj. Rough. 

DuiLLEN, V. {A.'N.) To boil. 

J^uiST, V. To mark sheep. North, 

liuKE, 8, A book. 

BuKENADB, 8. A dlsh in cookery. 

Bukkenade. Take Iiennes, otlier conyn- 
Kes, other veel, other other flessh, and 
Itewe hem to gobetts; wuische it, iind 
hit M'ell. Grvndealniandesunblaurhed, 
and draue iicni up witli the broth. 
Caste thereinne raysons of corance, 
suiirar, povidor gynjjer, erbcs y-stewed 
in i^rpes, oynouns. and salt. If it is to 
thvnne, alye it up with floer of ryse, 
otfier with other thyng, and color it wii h 
safroun. Forme of Cury, p. 6. 

Bulbs, 8. The tonsils of the throat. 
HuLCH, V, To bilge a ship. 
BuLCHiN, 8. A bull-calf. 
BuLDERiNG, adj. Hot and sultry, 

applied to weather. Devon, 
BuLDER-STONR, 8. A boulder. 
BuLE, 8. (1) A boil or swelling. 

(2) The semicircular handle of 

any article like a bucket. 
BuLGOoD, 8. Yeast. Ea8i, 
Bulk, (1)«. The body, from the 

neck to the hips. 

And strike tliee dead, and trampline on 

thy bulk. 
By stamping with my foot crush out thy 

soul. Four Prentices, O. Fl., vi, 478. 

Beating her bulk, tliat liis linnd sliakcs 
withal, SIuLkesy., Ripe of Lucr. 

(2) 8. The bottom part of a ship. 

(3) 8. The stall of a shop. The 
front of a butcher's shop is still 
called a bulbar in Lincolnshire. 

(4) V. To strike ; to beat. 

(5) V, To throb. 

(6) 8, A beam. 

Bulks, (1) v. (J.-S.) To belch. 

(2) To bow, to bend. Prompt. 

BoLKER, 8, A night-walker; a 


That is their last refnge in point of 
doaths i and when that's worn out, she 

must on with the strip'd semar, ind 
turn btilker; at which trade I b<qie to 
■ee you suddeuly. 

Bmeiucrofl, Careless Lovers, 187S. 

BuLK-RiDDEN, Oiff, Ridden with 
one's body. 

Whence d'ye ctmeP 
From what buli-ridden strumpet reeking 
borne ? Oldham's Poems. 

Bull, (1) adj. Strong. 

(2) V. Cattle are said in York. 
shire to bull up hedges. 

(3) 8. An instrument used for 
beating clay. 

(4) «. A sandstone for scythes. 

Bull ACE, 8, A wild p]um, larger 
than the sloe. See Bullion*. 

Bullakin, 8. Low vulgar abuse. 

BuLLATE, V. (Lat,) To bubble or 

BuLLBEAR, 8, A bugbear. 
BuLL-BEOGAR, 8. A hobgoblin; 

any object of terror. 

A sctfrebne: a bulbegger: a sight that 
frayeth and frightetli. NomeneUUor. 

And tliey have so fraid tis witli bmU- 
bffff/ers, spirits, witches, urcheus, elves, 
&c., and such other bugs, that we are 
afraid of our own shadowes. 

Scot's Disc, of Witckcr., 1580. 

And being an ill-look'd fellow, he has a 
pension from the churchwardens f<a 
bene buUbeggar to all the Iroward 
children in the parish. 

Mountforl, Greenvneh Park, 1691 

Bull-calf, *. A stupid fellow. 
Bulled, (1) adj. Swollen. 

(2) Said of a cow mam a/3y9«/etif. 
Bullen, 8, (1) The stalks of hemp 

after they are piled. 

(2) Boulogne. 
Buller, (1) V. To roar. North, 

{2)8.(A.-N,) A deceiver. 
Bull-faces, "I *. Tufts of coarse 

BULL. FRONTS, J grass. North. 
Bull-feist, 8. A puff-balL East. 
Bullfinch, (1) ». A stupid fellow. 


(2) 8. A hedge whiph is allowed 




to grow high without laying. 

BuLLFiNCHERS, «. A cant term 

applied to double rows of posts, 

with a quickset in the middle. 
Bullhead, «. (1) A tadpole. 


(2) A small fish, called also a 

Bullheads, s. Curled tufts of 

hair on a woman's forehead. 
Bullies, s. Round pebbles. South. 
BuLLiMONG, 8. A mixture of oats, 

])eas, and vetches. Tuaaery and 

still in use in Essex. 

Bulling, part. a. Boiling. 

Bullyng, bollynge, or bubblyng<Jf water 
out of a spryiige. Ebullitio. Euloet. 

Bullion, *. {Fr. billon.) Base coin. 

And those, which eld's strict doom did 

And damn for bullion, go for current now. 
Sylv., Lu Bartas, week 2, day 2. 

Bullions, 1 nr-i j i i 

BULLACK, ['i^g^''^ plums; large 

bullies, J 
Bullions, 8. (1) Hooks used for 
fastening the dress; buttons; 
embossed ornaments. 
(2) A pair of hose or doublets 
ornamented with bullions. 



BuLL-JUMPiNGs, «. Akind of por- 
ridge. North. 

Bullock, v. To bully. North. 

BuLLOT-STONES, 8. Balls of stonc. 

The arrowes flewe from side to side. 
The bullot-stones did walke. 

Turbervillc's Tragical Tales, 1587. 

BuLL-PATED, adj. A heavy crop of 
grass driven by wind or rain into 
an eddy, is said to be bull-pated. 

Bulls, a. (1) The stems of hedge- 

(2) Transverse bars of wood into 
which the heads of harrows 
are set. 

I, 1 «. The fish called 
roB, J a miller's thumb. 

BuLLS-AND-cows, 8. The flower 
of tl:e arum maculatum. 

BuLL-SEO, 8. A gelded bull. North. 

BuLLS-EYEs, 8. A sort of coarse 

Bull's-feather. Tostick a bull's- 
feather in the cap, to make one 
a cuckold. 

Bull's-forehead, 8. The turfy 
air.grass. North. 

Bull's-neck, s. To bear one a 
bull's neck, i. «., to bear a grudge 
against, or to be provoked at the 
sight of a person. Devon. 

Bull's-noon, *. Midnight. Eaat. 

Bull's-pink,*. Achaiiinch. North. 

Bull-stag, 8. A bull gelt after he 
is full grown. Glouc. 

BuLL-STANG, 8. (1) A dragou-flv. 
(2) An upright stake in a hedge. 

Bull-stone, a. A kind of sand- 
stone. Yorkah, 

Bull-trout, a. A large species of 
trout, found in Northumberland. 

Bull-ward, ^ adj. A cow mad 

bull-wood, I for the bull. A sow 

BULLAD, I is said to be boar- 

BURRAD, J wood, and a mare 
horsewood, under similar circum- 
stances. The word is sometimes 
applied opprobriously to a woman. 

Bull-week, a. A name given to 
the week before Christmas at 

Bull-works, a. Boisterous be- 
haviour. Weat. 

Bully, (1) «. A familiar term for 
a companion. 

(2) a. A parlour, or small room. 

(3) V. {A.^N.) To boil. 
{a)v. To frighten. 

(5)«. A riot. "To make a bully," 
to kick up a riot. 

Bully- beggar, a. A scare-crow. 

Bullyrag, «. To rail or use op- 
probrious language. Leic. 

Bully-rock, a. An impudent 
swaggerer. The word m as much 




used in the latter half of the 17th 

If they spy a gentle sqnier mnkinz 
fiices, he poor soul must be heetor'd till 
he likes 'em, m hile the more stubborn 
huUtf-rock damm's and is safe. 

Shadwell, Sullen Lovers, 1670, Pre/. 

Oh ! dear buUy-rock, tliat wheadle wont 
pass. Skadwell, Sullen Lovers, 1670. 

Upon honour, in a short time not a buUy- 
rock of 'em all can come near thee for 
gallantry. Durfey, Madame Fickl€,\&d^. 

BuLSE, 8. A bunch. North. 
BuLT, (1) «. A sitting cloth. 

(2) V. To silt. "jB«/^ raunge, 

or syevc meale. SucceiiM** 

BuLTBR, 8, A hag for fine meaL 

" Bultre^ or bultyng poke for fyne 

meale. Cribra." Huioet, 
BuLTiNGARKE, 8. A tub or chcst 

for sifting. 
BuLTLB, 8. Bran. North, 
BuLVER, V. To increase in bulk. 


BULVERHEAD, 8, A Stlipld fcUoW. 


BuLVBRiNG,/?ar^ a, A tree or bush 
wliose branches extend over the 
road, is said to hang buleering 
over. Any part of dress, as of a 
gown or coat made large and full, 
so as to stick out, is said to be 

Bulwark, 8, A rampart. 

BuLWORKS, 8. Part of the armour, 
used to prevent the thighs of the 
wearer from heing chafed by 
the pieces that terminated just 
above the knee. 

Bum, (1) V, To strike; to beat. 

(2) ». To spin a top. North, 

(3) V, To rush with a humming 

(4) V, To dun. 

(5) V. To drink ; to taste. 

(6) 8, A bum-bailiff. 

Bum, 1 8. The posteriors. This 
BUMME, V word was in common 
BOMMB,J use with theElizabethan 

writers^ and with thoie of the 
century following. It appears to 
have been originally synonymoui 
with buttock. Florio has, "iVii* 
tiehet the buttocks or bumme8," 

Phryne it light, and yet she hath tvo 

Like a ful payre (at least) of motintanetts. 

Denies, Scourge o/FMjf, 1611. 
But when the priest had done his j^urt, and 

that they homeward come. 
The bride, for Battus, might salute the 
pavement with her bomme. 

Warner's Alhunu England, 1593. 

The female sex each new moonedefyiti|^ 

?ale fac*d Cynthia by turning up their 
mnmes, imagininz her the cause of their 
distemper. Herbert's TravelSy 1638. 

Bound all the roome were placed tadte 
Min&es, Cliawns, Sultans, and Begler- 
begs, above threescore; who like so 
many inanimate statues sat crosse- 
legg'd i and joyned their dumn» to the 
ground, their backs to the wall, their 
eyes to a constant object; not daring to 
speak one to another. Ih, 

BuMB, 8. The game of bandy. 

BuMBARD, V. Futuere. iVoriA. 

BuMBARREL, 8. The long-tailcd tit. 

BuMBASTB, V, To beat, or flog. 

BuMBE, V. To hum. Prompt. P, 

Bumble, (1) v. (A.-S.) To make 

a humming noise. 

(2) V, To muffle a bell. Eiut. 

(3) V, To start off quickly. East, 

(4) 8, A confused heap. North. 

(5) 8, A small round stone. West, 

Bumble-bee, 8. The bumblebee. 

Bvmblb-broth, 8, Suds ? 

The olde woman t& her pavne 
lu such a bumble-broth bad iayne. 
ITie Unluclie Firmentie, Engl. Dr., iii, 189. 

For laundresses are testy and full of 

"When they are lathering in their htmile- 

broth. Taylor's JTorkes, 1680. 

Bumble-foot, 8, A thick heavy 

foot. East, 
Bumblekites, 8. Blackberries. 

Bumble-pupft, 8, The game of 

BuMBLBR, 8. (1) A humble bee. 


(2) A bungler. Glotic. 




(3) A wencher. 
B(7MBL£Sy 8. {!) Rushes. Line* 
(2) A sort of blink«r». North, 

BUMBLB-STAFF, 8, A StOUt Stick. 

Bum-boat, «. A boat which waits 

upon ships coming into harbour, 

to sell greens, spirits, &c. 
BuMBRusHER, 8. A schoolmaster, 

from the punishment he is in the 

habit of inflicting. 
BuMBY. (1) By and bye. far. dial. 

(2) «. A place for lumber; any 

collection of filth. East. 
Bum-card, \8. A card used by 
BUN-CARD, J dishonest gamesters. 

•' Rinterzdta cdrta^ a bun-eard."* 


To those explovts he ever stands prefmr'd; 
A villaine excellent at a bum-card. 

Eowland** Humors Ordinarie, 

BuMCLOCK, 8. A beetle. North, 
BuMFEG, V, To beat ; to belabour. 

BUMFIDDLE, (1) 8. PodeX. 

(2) V. To take in ; to cheat. 

Known wenches thus long, all the ways of 

Their snares and subtilties? hare I read 

All their school-learning, div'd into their 

quiddits ? 
And am I now humjidled with a bastard. 

Villiers, The Chanca, 1692. 

BuMFiDLER, 8. A busy-bodj; a 
fidgety person. 

Kate still exclairaes asrainst great medlers^ 
A bnsie-body hardly slie abides ; 
Yet site's well pleas'd with all bum-fidlers. 
And hir owne body stirring still besides. 

Dctvies, Scourge of Folly, ICll. 

Bum KIN, "1 *. A rude country 
BUMPKIN, J fellow; a ploughman. 

Of which hee that hath not heaid some* 

I count him but a counirev hutnken. 

Sir Thomas Browne, MS. Sloane, 1900. 

BuMMELL,«. (1) A bramble. Cund», 
(2) The ball of the foot near the 
toes. LHc, 

BuMMBR, «. A rumbling carriage. 

BuMMLB, V, To blunder. North, 
Bump, (1) v. To beat. 

(2) *. A blow 

(3) V. To ride rough. East, 

(4) 8. The noise made by a bit- 
tern with its bill. 

(5) V. To make such a noise. 
Bumping, adj. Large. West, 
BuMPSY, adj. Tipsy. 
Bumptious, adj. Proud ; arrogant. 
Bumpy, adj. Uneven. 
Bum-rolls, s. Stuffed cushions, 

used by women to make their 
petticoats swell out, instead of 
the more expensive farthingales. 

Nor you nor your house were so much 
as spoken of, before I disbased myself 
from my hood and my farthinKal, to 
these bum-roioU, and your whalebone 
bodice. B. Jon., Foetast., ii, 1. 

Those virtues [of a bawd] rais'd her 
from the flat petticoat and kercher, to 
the gorget and bum-roU. 

Parson's Wedding, 0. PI., xi, 460. 

BuM-RUFFiAN, 8, An outragcous 

Give a drunkard that hath learned U' 
reele of the tap-spinning Mcarmaide^ 
and a ditell homme-mffian, the wall, in 
any case; for the one needes it, the 
other in right should have wall on all 
sides of him, viz. Newgate. 

Dane's Polydoron, 1631. 

BuM-TROTH. An abbreviation of 
by my troth. Bum ladies by my 

Bun, (1) 8, The taU of a hare. 

(2) 8. A dry stalk, especially the 
stubble of beans. 

(3) 8. A familiar name for a 

(4) 8, A term of endearment. 
{b)part.p. Bound. North, 

(6) 8, t6 aUoXov. Devon. 
Bunch, (1) v. To beat ; to strike ; 

to push. *' I bounche or pusshe 
one, iepousse." Palsgrave. 
{2) V, To bend or bow out- 
(3) V. The act of a calf when 




sucking, in pushing its head forci- 
bly against the cow's udder, to 
cause tiie milk to come more 
freely. Norf. 

(4) «. A worthless woman. 

(5) ». A company of teal. 

(6) 9. A pack of cards. 

(7) *. The horn of a young stag. 
Bunch- BACKED, adj. Hunch- 
backed. This term occurs in 
Copley's Wits, Fits, and Fancies, 
1614, p. 186. 

Bunch-berries, %. The fruit of 
the rvhus sajcaiilis. Craven, 

BuNCH-CLOD, 8, A clown. 

Tenn is no sooner out but in comes 
Valentine to trade in sweethearts, tiien 
the maids look out sharp if possible to 
have him for a valentine whom they 
could inwardly incline to chuse for a 
husband; and as for those vtho arc 
eovern'd by lump love, if Valeiiiine's 
day will not do for them, here is Pan- 
cake dHV a coming, one to please the 
fancy, and the other the appetite ; for 
there are a great many bunch-clods in 
the world that hud rather liave a belly 
full of victuals than a handsome sweet- 
heart: not that I would encourage 
anybody to neglect their victuals for 
tlie sake of a woman, much less to go to 
plays or masquerades to seek a hanusom 
woman, where you have a better chance 
to meet Mith beauty than virtue. 


BuN-CROW, 8. A grey bird which 
commits depredations on thecorn. 

Bdncus, *. A donkey. Line. 

BuNDATioN, *. Abundance. West. 

Bundle, (1) a. A terra for a low 
(2) V. To go away in a hurry. 

Bundling, 8. A cu^tom in Wales 
of courting in bed with the 
clothes on. It is still continued, 
and often has rather disastrous 
results. An action for seduction 
on this custom was tried at Car- 
narvon, July, 1846. 

Bunds, 8. A species of scabious. 

BuNB, adv. Promptly. 

Bung, (1) «• A pickpocket. A 

cant word, also used for a pocket, 

and a purse. 

(2)8. A heap or bunch. North. 
BuNO-DocK, 8. A curtail. Eaat. 
BuNGER, 1 o. To do anything awk- 

BUNJBR, j wardly. Suaa. 
BuNOERsoME, adj. Clumsy. Berka. 
BuNGiE, adj. Short and squat. 


The tree is not high nor hungie; the 
branches spread to a great length, and 
bcare many cods (not unlike the Indian 
beaues) arm'd with nmny sharp prickles. 
HerberVt TraveUA^^' 

Cross-le^d hee sat : his shash or turbant 
Mas M'hite and bungie; his waist was 
gii'ded with a thong of lather. 

Herberts Trends. 

BuNGT, adj. Intoxicated. Beda. 
BuN-HEDGE, a. A hedge of twisted 

sticks. LatM:. 
BuNHiLL, a. A bunyon. Northanqf. 
BuNHORNS, a. Briars bored and 

used by woollen-weavers to wind 

yam on. Lane. 
BuNKAS, a. A number of people 

collected together. East. 
Bunking, adj. Fat. Yorkah. 
Bunks, a. The wild succory. Eaat. 
BuNNED, adj. Shrunk. Doraet. 
BuNNEL, a. A dried hemp-stalk. 

Bunny, *. (1) A small swelling. 

East. " Bownche or bunnyey 

Gibba." Huloet. 

(2) A sort of drain. Hants. 
Bunny-back'd, adj. High and 

round shouldered. Devon. 
BuNNY-MouTH, 8. The snap-dra- 
gon. Surrey. 
Bunt, (1) ©. To push with the 

head. Weat, 

(2) V. To rear. Oaf. 

(3) V. To run like a rabbit. 

(4) V, To sift, or to boult meal 

(5) a. Smut in corn. 

(6) a. The part of a sail which 
is inflated by the wind. 

(7) a. A puff-ball. Northamp, 




BcNTER, s.(l) A collector of rags. 

(2) A prostitute. East, 
Bunting, (l)adj. Mean; shabby; 

untidy. East, 

(2) «. A large piece of timber. 
. North, 

(3) s, A shrimp. Kent. 
\,4t) 8. A boys' game, played with 
sticks and a small piece of wood. 

. (5) s. The wood-lark. 

(6) *. A term of endearment. 

Where is my little bunting ? Why, how 
uow, bird r M-hat, in a pf-tt ? 

N. Tate, CuckoWs Haven, 1685. 

(7) *. A sort of fine linen of 
which searches or sarsers are 

. made {cribra poUinaria). 
Bur, (1) 8, A blow; force, or 

(2) *. The halo round the moon. 

(3) 8, A stop for a wheel. 

(4) *. A whetstone for scythes. 

(5) 8, Sweet-bread of a calf. 

(6) 8. A rabbit burrow. Dorset, 

(7) conj. But. Yorksh. 
BuRATo, «. A sort of woollen cloth. 

^»3;v I"- To bubble. 


Burble, [s, A bubble on the 

BURBYL, J water. 
Burble, 8. A small pimple. East. 
BuRCOT, 8, A load. Somerset. 
BuRDBLAis. 8. A sort of grapcs. 
Burden-band, s, A hay-band. 

BuRDis, *. {A.-N.) A tournament. 
Burdise, v. {A.'N.) To joust at a 

Burdon, 8, {A,-N.) A staff. 
Burdoun, 8, {A.'N.) The base in 

Bure, 8. (A.'S.) A chamber. 
Buredkly, adv. Forcibly ; swiftly. 
BuRELE, 8. The spoke of a wheel. 
Buret, s. A drinking vesseU 
^ BuREWE, V, {A,'S,) To protect. 

BuRGANET, 1 / J nr\ A 

I - /- > AT\ Aspecies 


1 8. (A.-N.) 

I of helmet. 

BuRGE, «. A bridge. Oj^, 
BuRGEN, \v, (1) To bud. See 
BURGEON, J Bourgeon, 
(2) 8. A bud ; a sprout. 
Burgh, s, (1) Part of a spear. 

I'll try one speare , though it 

prove too short by the burgh. 

Roaring Girl, O. PL, vi, 33. 

(2) The projecting rim of a deer's 
horn, close to the head. 
Burghe, 8. {A,-S.) (1) A hillock 
or barrow. 

(2) A town or borough. 

(3) A barrow hog. 
Burgmote, s, {A,'S.) a borough 

Burgoin, *. {Fr.) A part of the 

A burgoign, is that part of the head- 
dress that covers the hair, being the 
first part of the dress. 

Dunton's Lady*s Diet., 1694. 

BuRGON, 8. A burganet, or helmet. 

Tytan encounters Jove, Jove him defies. 
And from his steely burgon beates out fire. 
Great Britaines Tro^e, 1609. 

BuRGooD, *. Yeast. Norf, 
BuRGULLiAN, 8, A braggadocio. 
BuRJONEN,v. To bud. SeeBurgen, 
BcRK, V, To warm by fondling; 

to nuzzle. Northamp. 
Burke, v. To bark. West. 
BuRLACB, 8. A kind of grapes. 
Burle, (1) ». To welter. 

(2) 8, A knot or bump. 

(3) V, To take away the knots 
or impure parts from cloth. 
*^ Burle cloth, desquamare pan- 
num." Huloet, 

(4) 8. The horn of a young stag. 
Burled, /7ar/.jp. Armed. 
Burler, s, (1) One who buries 


(2) A resolver of doubts. 
Burlet, 8. A hood, or head-dress. 

** CalanticOt a tyre, burlet or 

coyfe, a kerchief, or a hood for a 

woman." Elyot, 
Burley, 8, The butt end of the 





BuRLEY-MAN, s. An ofBceT in 
court-leets, assistant to tlie con- 
stable. Kennett, 

BuRLiBouND, adj. Rough; un- 

Burliness, «. Balk. 

Burling, «. A young ox. Line. 

BuRLiNG-iRON, 8. Au instrument 
for burling cloth. 

BuRLiNGs, 8. Pieces of dirty wool. 

Burly, adj. (1) Big ; stout. 
(2) Red and pimpled. Somerset. 

BuRMAiDEN, 8. A chamber-maid. 

Burn, (I) «. (A.-S.) A man. 

(2) 8. {A.-S.) A brook. North. 

(3) *. A load or burden. North. 

(4) V. To waste, applied espe- 
cially to time, as to burn time. 

(5) To burn daylight, to light 
candles before it is dark. 

BuRN-BEKiNG,«. Denshcring land, 
or burning turf for improving it. 

BuRN-cow, 8. A kind of beetle. 

Burned, adv. (A.-N.) Burnished. 

Burnel, 8. (A.'N.) A name for an 
ass, from its colour. 

Burnet, 8. (1) (A.-N.) Brown 
woollen cloth. 

(2) A hood. 

(3) The plant pimpernel. 
BuRNEux, 8. A sauce, made of 

butter, pepper, salt, &c. 
BuRNiE-BEE, 8, The lady-bird. 

Burning, «. Lues venerea. 

Item that no stueholder kepe noowom- 
man withynne his hows that hath any 
sikenes of breitnynffe, but that she 
he putte out. 

Regulation of the Stews, 15/A cent. 

Ko heretics bitm*d, but wenches' suitoni. 

ShaJcesp., Lear, ill, 2. 

BuRNiNO-CANDLE, 8. Thc ignis 

The lowest meteor in the air is the 
buminff candle, or, as some call it, 
^uis fatuus. 

mileford, Naturae Secrets, 1658. 

Burning-of-the-hill, 8. A me- 
thod of punishing a thief, for- 

merly practised by miners on the 

Mendip hills. 
Burnino-swbat, «• A plague 

which occurred in the reiga of 

Henry VII. 
Burnish, v. To smooth or flatten. 

Burn-stick, 9. A crooked stick, 

on which a piece of coal is daily 

carried home by each working 

collier for his own private use. 

Burn-the-biscuit, «. A child's 

BuRN-TROUT, ». A trout. "TVocte. 

A bumtrout : a trowt." Aomai- 

BuRNT-vriNB, «. Brandy. See 


Yinnm igni eliquatum,Tini latex. Eau 
de vie, eau ardente. Burnt wine, txt aqua 
vitee. Nomentiator, 1681 

BuRNWTN, 8. A blacksmith. North, 

Burr, 8. (1) The broad iron ring 

fixed on the tilting lance jast 

below the gripe, to prevent the 

hand slipping back. 

(2) The knot at the bottom of a 
hart's horn. 

(3) The flower of the bop. 

(4) The burdock; applied more 
especially to the prickly calyx of 
the plant. 

(5) The lap of the ear. 
BuRRATiNB, 8, Somc sort of 

clothing. Ben Jonson, 
BuRRisH, adj. Rough ; prickly. 
Burrow, 8. Sheltered fr9m the 

wind. Somerset, 
Burrs, 8. Upright pieces of armour 

in front of the thighs. 
BuRR-STONES, «. Bough unbcwD 

Burse, 8. (Fr.) An exchange for 

Burseu, 1 A J. u • -I- 

„„„^ *„ r*' A dish m cookery. 


Burseu. Take the whyte of leket, dype 
hem, and shrede hem smaU. Take 
noumbles of swyue, and pariioyle hem 




in broth and wyne Take liym up, and 
dresse liym, and do the leke in the oroth. 
Seeth and do the noumbles thereto; 
make a lyor of brode, blode, and vynegre, 
and do thereto powdor-fort; seeth 
^mouns, mynce hem, and do thereto. 
The self wise make of pigges. 

Forme of Cury, p. 5. 

Bursews. Take pork, seeth it, and 
grynde it smale with sodden ayren. Do 
thereto gode powdors, and hole spices, 
and salt, witn sugar. Make thereof 
amalle b^iUes and cast hem in a bator 
of ayren, and wete hem in floer ; and 
A^e hem in grece as frytors, and serve 
hem forth. Forme of Cury, p. 32. 

BuRSEN-BELLiED, odf. Rupturcd. 
Burst, t>. To break. 
BvKST^,8.{J.-S.) Loss ; adversity. 
BvKSYDj part, p. Bruised. 
Burt, (1) o. To press or indent 

anything. Somerset, 

(2) 8. A small flat fish. 
BvviTHf prea, t. Behoves. 
Burthen, (1) f. A quarter of ale. 

(2) V. To press earnestly. East, 
BuRTHENsoME, s. Productive. 

Bur-thistle, s. The spear-thistle. 

Burtle, s. a sweeting apple. 

Bur-tree, s. The elder-tree. 
Burtyme, s, Birthtime. R. Glouc, 
BuRWALL, s, A wall leaning against 

a bank. Yorksh, 
BuRWE, V, (A.'S.) To defend. 
BuRWHB, *. A circle. Pr. Parv. 
Bury, s, (1) {A,-S.) A house or 


(2) A rabbit's burrow. South, 

(3) A place sunk in the ground 
to protect potatoes, &c., from 
frost. Northampt, 

BURYIN6-A-WIFE, S. A fcast givCD 

by an apprentice at the expira- 
tion of his articles. 

Bus, pres, t. Behoves ; must. 

BuscA6E,«. {Fr.) A kind of cloth. 

BuscAYLE, s, {A.'N,) A bush. 

Bush, (1) s. The sign of a tavern, 
usually an ivy-bush. Cotgrave 
gives the proVerb, '* Good wine 

draws customers without any 
help of an ivy-bush." The term 
was afterwards continued to the 
wooden frame of the sign, on 
which the bush was placed. 

What claret's this? the very worst in 

Your taveme-hush deserves a pulling 


Rowlands, Knave ofHarie, 1618. 

(Enter Leckiel above in a balcony.) I 
found this ladder of ropes upon a shelf, 
but dare not venture down yet, for fear 
some pryine rascal shall snap me be- 
tween earth and heav'n — 'sdeath, I'll 
creep into this busli, it may be this may 
secure me. (Gets upon the tavern bush.) 
Hah! upon honour I grow chearAil; 
this is so modist a device, that I've 
great hopes of good success. 

Durfey, Madam Fickle, 1682. 

(2) To go about the bush, to 
approach with ceremony or cau- 

(3) V, To butt with the head ; to 
push. West, 

(4) s. The inner circle of a wheel, 
en( losing the axle-tree. 

(5) V, To retreat from. South. 

(6) s, A form of the beard. 
Bushet, 1 «. a small shoot from 

busket, j a bush. 

BusHETiNO, s. Sprouting out at 

the roots. Glouc, 

Bu8HL0CR,«. A bushy tuft of hair. 

At nyght Mr. Banyster cauled me up to 

se a comet, but yt was Venus with a 

great fyery haze lyke a bushlock about 

. hir. MS. dddit., 6008. 

BusHMENT,*. {A.-N.) (1) An am- 
(2) A thicket of bushes. 

BusHsiTHB, s, A bill-hook. Huloet. 

BusHY-BARNABBB, 8. The lady- 
bird. Suffolk. 

BusiNE, V. (Fr.) To trouble with 

Business, 8, (1) Trouble. 

(2) A term used affectedly, for 
what is now called an affair of 
honour, a duel. To make a mas- 
ter of the duel, a carrier of the 
differences, Ben Jonson puts. 

iSiout in lliE hu^KU. 

— CoDld Cvinu UmKir 
Carry B hrfuCD btuer. 

USK.*. (1) AurtoriinencioLh. 

(2) A tod of whalebone, or 

■pmetimea of steel, in tbe front 

of the 8t»jB to keep tliem 

Her long •litil«Ta,iliff>>«^, pn^e 

Ii sU tb» mskn ber ihui >i>[eliF>l, 

(3) A fiock of sheep. Eatl. 

(i) (A.-N.) A bush. Nprlh. 

(5) V. To lie in the sun. £wae. 
ims.i.v.i^A^S,') Tobnski togb; 

to array, prepare, make ready. 
BusEEi:, t. {Ft. baig^et.) A snail 

bush, or branch. 

Bdbkino, 01$. (1) Buahy. 

(S) Piavpking. Exmoor. 
Bdskle, e. To liuaUe about. 
Bdse-foint, >. The lace, witb its 

tag, which secured the end of 

the bulk. 

Tken wUlI keep Uij nord md han^ It up 
Amangit my iiLljt-^nfl, piDi, And ciuUng. 

(3) V. Tg butt nitb tbe hea4. 


(4) I. A Urge pitcber. Am*. 
BnssAKD, (. A pt»X drinker. 
Btr.,B^, (t) ,. ^ft^t.) K ^^. ot 


(2) E>. To lie ID ambuib. 
Boa.BBB, t, Haopa for the top of i 

wagon. NoTlh. 
BusBiHO,*. Wbiepering ? 

ViUiaut tlu blind iuiinfi.ut >, ^M 

Bdbbock, (. (1) k thick, fU per- 

a(.n. Wttne. 

(2) A yjiung donkef. iese. 
Bdst, I. a titi mark oa iheep. 

BugT»,t. (1) Aloal. 

(2J A l^eavy. blow. 
BcBTiAN, I. A sort of cotrse clctlh. 
Bdhtobs. See BoUfmu. 
BuBT, e. {A..N.) To be active. 
Buev-oDOOit. A meddling pcnpn, 

BuT,(l)t. A cut ; a throw, 

(2) pret. I. Cuntended ; slmg- 
Bled with each olhec. Hateloi. 

(3) ■. A flounder, or plaice. 
(4^ a. A small pi«ce of ground, 
(6) t. Tbe thick or fleshy root of 
a plant. A potato or tamipit 
■aid to be large in th; hut. 

(6) *. A conical , bq^ket med 
for catching salmQo in the riser 

(7) e. To grow qr iwpll out. 

(8) a. A buttock of beef. Wttf. 

(9) I, A shpemskei^B ^lUf. 

(10) t. Strong Uather, i^tfA 
(11} "But sod ben,'' t^e D^ter 
and inner apiu;tni;nt, w^qrt th^re- 
are only two, looinB in.a hoij^ 

(12) i. Atassock. Deron, 

(13) ». A lice-hive, commonlj, 
called a iee-iu(. Ermoor. 

(H) ». A kind of cap. North, 
hbjaii/. Rough; ragged. Nerlh. 
lit,) V. To barter. Crmea. 




(\7)prep. Without. 

(18) eor^. Unless. 

(19) ». To abut. 

(20) adv. Suddenly. Devon, 
BuT-BOLT» 8. The peculiar arrow 

used in shooting at the butt. 
BuTOHB» «. To kill. North, 
B(7tchbr's-brooM| 9, A kind of 

rush (ruscus). 
BuTCHER*8-cLBA\nEii,«i The TiBme 

given in Northamptonshire^othe 

constellation of the Pleiades. 
Bute, g. Help ; remedy ; for Me. 
BuT-OAP, 8, A hedge of turf. Devon. 
BuTH, (1) preB, t, pi, of biuen. 

(j4,'S,) 3e; are. 

(2) «. A situation. Baeetp* 
BuTLANDS, Si Waste ground; Eatt. 
BuT-sBOT, s, A bow-shot. 
Butt, ** (1) A boat. 

(2) A cart; Devon, 
BuTTAD, *. {Fn boutade,) A burst 

of passion* 

This bnt^nd- had certahr Tfotent and 
auddain buttads of furious cruelty, and 
maxims drawn from the vary bowels of 
▼eugeance it self; for if he were nerer 
so little offended by another, or- sss* 
peeled another to be offended with him, 
ne presently commanded such to be 
massacred. Brilum, Tarlarioumi 1654. 

BuTTAL, «. (1) A bittern. South, 

(2) A comer of ground. North, 
BuTTBNj V, To posh. 
BuTTEB-AND-BGGs, «. ThedaffOdlL 

BuTTER-BiT, 8, The small strainer 

in which eaeh pound of butter 

is wrapped when packed for 

market. Nwrihamptx 
BuTTBB«B0Xi », A cantrtemcfora. 

BuTTBR-BuitVf K A bittern. Northi 
B u TTEB-o UB» A. The w Ud raBuaoa<« 

BuTTER-OAiSY, 8, The white ok- 



BuTTBBBD-ALB^f. Ale boiled With 

sugar, butter, and spice. Shropeh^ 

BuTTKR-FiNGBBBD, odj. Slippery. 

BuTTBR-HAMt 8. Bread and butter. 

BtnrrsR.MrF, 8. A tub iff which the 
butter is washed. Weet, 

BuTTER-PENCE, *» The' ftffmer's 
wife's perquisite money gained- 
from the sale of her butter. 

And when the father on the earth did live, 
To his sonnes fanoie he such way did oiifte ; 
For at no season he the plow must hold) 
The summer was too hot, the winter cold ; 
He robs his mother of' her butter-penee. 
Within. tiiealelKmseserves-him forexpence. 
Taylor's Workei; 1630. 

BuTTER-pRiNT. A bastard child. 
BuTTER-PUMPs, r. The ovary of 

the yellow water-lily. Dorset, 
BuTTER-sHAG, 8, A sHcc of brcad^ 

and butter. North, 
BuTTER-TART, 8, A tait made ar 

fbllows : 

First you must beat a little green citron, 
a little salt, cinnamon, two maekrooms, 
a piece of butter that is fresh and good, 
with the yolks of four raw egn; beat 
all this well together, and putthis into 
a pan, sheeted with fine paste, and bard 
it over with long slices <^ paste, and 
when it is baked, put to it some orange 
flowers, and sui^ar in serving it away. 
The Queen's Boytd Coohsry. 

BUTTER-TBETH, *. The tWO iu- 

cisors in front of the upper jaw. 
BuTTER-wHORE, *. A womau who 
carries butter about, a class who 
were set down in the same cate- 
gory as the fish-women of Bil- 

BuTTERY-BAR, "I *. A half- 

BUTTEBY-HATCH, J door between 
the buttery or kitchen and the 
hall, in old mansions, through 
which provisions were passed. 

BuTTiLLARY, *. A byttcry. 

BuTTiNG-iRON, 8, An instrument 
for peeling bark. North, 

BuTTocK, 8, A common strumpet. 

rJLkiwypu, you jade»ril ravish you, 
you butiuek, 1 am a justice of the peace, 
sirrah ! Otway, Soldier^s Fortune, 1681 . 

The bawds and the buttocks that liv'd there 

Came floekiug then tluther. 

Poor Robin, 1691. 

BuTTOCK-STRAP, 8, A Strap at- 




tached to the back of cart-har- 
ness, which assists to hold the 
trace up. East. 
Button, (I) *. A bud. 

(2) 8, The chrysalis of an insect. 

(3) «. A small cake. East. 

(4) V. To shut up. Ojcon. But- 
toned'Up, closed up, shut. *' See 
how her little mouth is buttoned' 



(5) 8. A small mushroom. 
Button-nails, 9, Roundheaded 

Button-pound,*. Money. North- 

Buttons, (1) *. Sheep's dung. 

Devon, To make buttons, cacar«, 

and hence to be in great fear. 

(2) 8. In Devonshire, burs are 

called beggar'8 button8f and cue- 

kold^8 buttons, 
BuTTRiCE, 8. A tool uscd to pare 

the hoofs in shoeing horses. 
BuTT-SHAFT, 8. A sort of arrow ; a 

butt. bolt. 
Butty, (1) «• A companion or 


{2)v, To work in company. 

BuTURB, *. The bittern. North, 
Butyne, *. {Fr.) Booty. 
Buyer, 8. A gnat. North, 
BuYiDLY, adv. Stout made. North, 
Buxom, adj. (A.-S.) Obedient; 

and hence, meek, or humble. 
Buzz, V. To empty a bottle of wine 

in carousing ; to drink. 
Buzzard, 8. (\) A coward. 

(2) A sort of large moth that is 

seen in great abundance in the 

meadows, hovering over certain 

flowers in a summer evening. 

Devon, The word is also used 

in Craven, and is supposed to be 

the origin of the proverb, *' As 

blind as a buzzard.*' 
Buzzom-chuck'd, adj, Blowsy, 

or with cheeks of a deep red. 


BuzzT, 8, A familiar term of en« 
dearment. Northampt, 

By, (1) prep. By is often used by 
old writers in the sense of in, as, 
** by his life," in his lifetime ; and 
sometimes in those of ybr, with, 
or of. " By and by," distinctly, in 
order one after the other. 

(2) 8. A by-place. ** BureUa, a 
by or darke corner." Florio. 

(3) 8, A bracelet. See Beiffk. 

(4) *. A bee. 

(5) V, To buy. 

(6) 0. To abide. 

(7) V. To abie. See Abeye, 

(8) A term in gambling. " Mas- 
edre, to play or cast at the by, ai 
hazard or gresco." Fiorio, 

(9) adv. Besides. Nor thumb. 
Byar, 8. A cow-house. North. 
Bybbby, 8. Some kind of herb. 

Chester Plays, 1, 119. 
By-blow, s, A bastard. 

In such a ladies lappe, at aucli a alipperie 

That iu a world so wide could not be found 

such a wilie 
Lad J in an age so old, could not be found 

such an old lad. 

BamefUld^s AffectiotuUe Shepherd, 1694. 

Sal. Thou speak'st not like a subject; 
what's thy name ? 

Fil. Mv name is Draco. 

Sal. Ot the Athenian Draco's? 

Fil. No, of the English Drakes, gpreat Cap- 
tain Drake 

(That sail'd the world round) left in Spain 
a bv'bl^. 

Of whom I come. 

The SUghted Maid, p. 87. 

Bycalle, V, {A,'S,) To accuse. 
Byclagob, v. To besmear. 
Bycoket, 8, Some ornament for 

the head. 
Bydaoge, v. To splash. Weber. 
Byde, 8. (A,»S,) Abode ; dwelling. 
Bydryyen, v. To commit eviL 

B y DWONGEN, part. p. Compelled. 
Byebe, 8. A dwelling. Ash, 
Bye-bootings, 8, The finest sort 

of bran. North. 
ByeTi 8. Work not finished. North. 




Bt-far, adv. Much. 

Byfounde. Found out. Heame. 

By-fruits, *. "Those wens or 
humid bubbles which insects raise 
upon vegetables, wherein they 
lodge their egge and produce 
their young, are call'd by-fruits" 

Byoaoed, adj. Mad; bewitched. 

Byoates, 8, Spoil ; plunder. 

By-gold, *. Tinsel. 

Bygorn, 8. A goblin. North, 

Byhefde, o. To behead. 

Byheter, *. A surety. Wickltffe, 

By HO RE, V, To commit adultery 
against ; to cornute. 

By-hours, 8, Extra hours at work. 

Byhove, V, To advantage. Chaucer, 

Byland, 8. A peninsula. 

Byle, 8. A boil ; an ulcer. 

Byle ER, adv. Just now ; a little 
before. Somerset. 

By-leman, 8, A second lover, or 

Bylie, V, To belong. 

Byllerne, 8. A kind of water- 
plant. Pr. P. 

BvLLYNE, V. To use a spade or 
mattock. Pr. P, 

By-lou, part. p. Laughed at. 

By-lye, v. {A.-S.) To lie with a 

By-matters, 8. Irrelevant circum- 

Bymolen, «. {A,'S.) To spot; to 

Bymowe, v. To mock. 

Byn, /?rep. Within. 

Byname, v. To nick-name. 

Bynderes,9. Binders; robbers who 
bind. Havelok, 

Byne, 8. Malt. 

B YNNY, *. A kind of pepper. 

By-now, adv. A short time ago. 

Byi^tb, pre8. t, of binde. Binds. 

Byon, *. A quinsy. North. 

B y-past, adv. Past by. " With order 

that all faults by-past should be 

forgiven." Bowes Correspondence ^ 

By-plot, 8. A plot of ground out 

of the public way. 
BYaoiDE, 8. Bequest. Rob. Gkmc. 
BTRDEfpret, t. Must; it behoved. 

BvRDiNo, 1.. A burden. 

byrdune, J 
Byre, s. (1) The stump of a tree. 


(2) A cow-house. Cumb, 
Byrkyn,«. Breaking. Town,Myst, 
Byrlakin. a diminutive of by our 

Byrlet,«. SeeBurlet. **Byrletj or 

tyrynge for women. CcUantica," 

Byronne, v. To run over. 
Byryne, v. To bury. 
Bysmalow, 8. The hollyhock. 
Bysom, adj. Blind. See Bisen. 
Byspel, *. (A.-S.) A proverb. 
Byspitte, v. To spit all over. 

And yit is it tormentid by impacience of 
adversity, and bi/tpit by servage and 
Bubjeccioun of synne, and atte last it it 
slayn finally. Chaucer, Persones T. 

Byspyng, 8, Confirmation. J^n 

abbreviation of bishopping, 
Byssi, adv. Quickly. 
Byssine, 8. Fine silk. Wickliffe. 
BYST,/?rtf*. t, oibidde. Prayest. 
Byste, 8. A temporary bed used 

by hop-driers and maltsters. 

Bysyschyppe, 8. Activity. 
Bytack, 8. A farm taken by a 

tenant who resides on another 

farm. Heref. 
By-tail, s. The right handle of a 

Byte, (1) v, (A.-S.) To cut with a 

sword, or any instrument. 

(2) 8. A morsel ; a bit. 
By-the-walls. Unburied. East, 
Bt times, adv. , At times ; occa- 
sionally. Northamp. 
Bytraysid, part. p. Betrayed. 

Certis sinful mannes soole is hytraysii 




of the devel, by coreitise of temporal 

Erosperit6; and scorned by disceyt, whan 
e chesetU fleischly delytcs. 

Chaucer, Persones T. 

Bytte,*. a bottle; a flagon. Warw, 

Byyonde, part, p. Found; con- 

Byvore, adv. Before. 

Bywait, v. To be {latient. 

By-wash, 8. The outlet from a 
dam. North. 

By-wipb» 8. An indirect sarcasm. 

Byword, *. {A.-S.) A proverb. 

Bywrye, v. To let out ; to betray 

And therfore yow is better hyde youre 
counsel] in youre herte, than prayen 
him to whom ye liave bywryed youre 
counseil, that he wdl kepe it clos and 
stille. Chaucer, T. ofMelibeut. 

Byzant, 8, A besom. Dorset. 
ByjT, 8, A bend. See Bight. 


Ca, v. To drive. North, 

Caad, 8. Cold. North. 

Caas, 8. (for eas.) A cfiance, or 

Cab, «. (1) A number of persons 

secretly leagued together. Sussex. 

(2) Any glutinous substance. 

Cabbaoe, (1) 8. The part of a 

deer's head on which the horns 

are set. 

(2) V. To grow to a head, ap- 
plied to the horns of a deer. 

(3) 8. A part of a iady's head- 
dress. See Choux. 

Behind the noddle every bagj^ge, 
Wears rowls, in English call'd a cahheufe. 
London Ladia Dressing Room, 1705. 

(4) V. To steal slily ; now used 
merely of tailors. 

Cabane, 8. {Fr.) A cabin. 
Cabaret, *, (Fr.) A tavern. 
Cabby, adj. Sticky; clammy. 

Cabbs, ». A cabbage. 

Cablb-hatbakd, 8. A fashion 

supposed to ha^e been intro- 

dnoed at the very olese of the 

]r5th eentury, ixttsiiting <tf a 

twisted cord of gold, siKer, or 

silk, W9m round the hat. 

I -had on a gold ea6le->Aaiiwuf,tbeiiaew 
come up, which I wore about a nranreT 
French hat I had,— 'Cnts my 4iHtbana, 
and yet it was massie goldsmith^ 
work, be. 

B. lent., Ea. Man, out ofS^ vi^ 6. 

Cablish, 8. Brushwood, 

C ABOB, M. A leg of mutton , ainffed 

with white herrings and aweUt 

Cabobblb, v. To puzele. Ent, 
Cabochb, v. {A.'N.) To bend. 
CABRiOLCB,if. A lady'« head-dress. 
Cabrito, 8. {Span^ A kid. 
Cacchin, v. (i^-iS.) Ta oatch ; to 

take. KachvM. Con$t.Freem,f 380. 
Cache, n. (I) To go. 

(2) To oouch or lay dovm. 
Cachere, 8. {JL-N.) a hunter. 
CACHsaELB, 8. A catcfapole. 
Cack, v. Cacare. 
Cackle, v. To babble. 
CACKLrKO-CHEAT, 8. A cock or 

capon. An old oant term. 
Cackmag, 8, Idle talk. East. 
Cacorne, 8. The windpipe. Devon. 
Cad, 8. (1) A very small pig. East. 

(2) The person who guards the 
door of an omnibus, and keeps 
on the look out for passeagera. 
It is also a Low term of abuse. 

(3) A low fellow who hangs 
about the college to provide the 
Etonians with anything necessary 
to assist their sports. 

. (4^ A familiar spirit. 
(5) A blinker. LeUs, 

Cadar, 8. A wooden frame placed 
over a scythe to preserve and lay 
the corn more even in the swathe. 

CadatorSi 8. Beggars who make 
circuits round the kingdoa, as- 
suming the characters of decayed 




Caddee, *. A servant ieinployefl 
under another servant. 

Caddel,(1)>. Cow parsnip. Devon, 
(2) ndv. In k htnrry ; confusedly. 

Caddis, s, W6rst£d Vilibon ; kiso, 
a wooUeh stn^. 

Caodle, (1) V. To scold ; f6 hos^ ; 
to attend dffictousTy. West 
(2) s, A dispute ; a noisy Con- 
tention. Var.'diaL' 

, (3) V, To te^e. WeH, 

(4) V, To doax •, to Spoil. North, 

(5) V. To squander money. 

(6) adj. Nice in appetite. Leie, 
Caddling, part, a. (1) Dawdliiig. 


(2) Tale-telling. 
Caddow, 8. A jackdaw. "East. 
Caddy, (1) *. A gEdst or bugbear. 


(2) *. The caddis-woitt.. 

(3^ adv. Well ; hearty. North. 
Cade, «. (1) A barrM ^coiitaining 

six hundred hearings. 

(2) In Kent, a cade df beef is 
any (j[aantity of pieces under ^a 
whole quarter. 

(3) A small c^k. 

(4) ». To pet; to indulge. 

(5) s. The testicfe. Still tised in 
the North. 

Telle sclml wives tneTv^,. 
|if ani child may be made 
Withouten knoweinv of manWes 'ca<2ft. 
Arthour ahd Mertih, p. 36. 

Cad^-lamb, s. a pet lamb. 
Cadent, adj. (Lat.) Falling. 
Cader, 8. A small wooden frame 

on which the fiiherih'&h keepft his 

line. South, 
Cades, s. Sheep-dung. Var, dial, 
C A i>Es^te, 8. A jackdaW. 
Cadew, 8. The straW-Wol'm. 
Cadge, (1) v. To bihd. " I cadge 

la garment, I set lystes in the 

lynyng to kepc the plyghtes ih 

order." Paisff. 

(2) 8. A circular piece of wood, 

cfti vi^itJhTia'^^cs afeciirrigd w^en 
'eJt^osdd fdr sale. 

(3) V. To stuff, or fill. Ni>rth. 
CadM-belly, i fall fkt bdly. 

(4) V. To darry. Nor'th. 
lb) V. To beg. Lieic, 

(6) V. To talk indesjisa:ntly. Leie, 

CADGEk, «. (1) A packman or 
itineratit huckster. 
(2) A butcher, miller, or carrier 
of any othefr load. Kenhett, 

CADQY,tidj, C^eerftil. Ndrt%, 

Cadilleck, 8. , A kind of pekr. 

Cadle, v. To fondle. Northan^. 

CADLt^, adj, Fal^e; insincere. 

CaDlock, 1 8. The naiiie of a 

CAllock, Vplknt; rough cad' 

CHARLOCK, J lockj the wild mus- 

tkrd ; 'sinooth "cadloclkt the Wild 

rape. North. 

CAbMA, )i. X^t \ehat pig (^ k 
Ktter. Var. dial. 

Cadnat, *. {A,-N.) A canopy. 

C adoc k, 8. A bludgeon. Sorherket, 

Cadutke, adj. {Lat.) BVAH; pe- 

But follow the cadtike pleasuVes of this 
worid. Bisyp Fisher. 

.Ever]r thing^ in this wor|d is eaduk% 
transitory, and momentary. Id. 

Cadt, adj. Foolish; addled. 

CiECiTY, 8. {Lat.) Blindness. 
C APART, *. {Fr.) A hypocrite. 
Caff, <1)>. Chaff. iVbWA. "Full 

of kaff." Apol. Lollard8tp.b6, 

(2) 8. A gardener's hoe. Ndrth. 

(3) V. to run o* ft bargain ; to 
abandon anything. Craven, , 

Caffa, 8. A kind oif licn s^ilff, 

perhaps taffata. 
Caffle, v. (1) To cavil ; to quarrel. 

Ah if I tiow put in some iaffling clause, 
I shall be call'd unconstaQt all n\y davs. 

Harr. Ar.^ xlv, ^, 

(2) To entatigle. Somerset, 
Caft, adj. Intimidated. Yor&sh, 
Cag, (I) 8, A stump. Westk 




(2) V. To crawl about. Leie. 

Caorl, v. To harrow ground. 

Caog, v. To make a tow or re- 
solution not to get drunk for a 
certain time ; or, as the term is, 
till the eagg is out. "I have 
cagged myself for six months.'^ 

Caomao, (1)8. Coarse bad food of 
any kind, properly an old goose; 
a small inferior breed of sheep. 
(2) V, To quarrel. Wore* 

C--;}.. Aquay. 

Caife, 8. An iron cap. Grafton, 
Cailes, 8, Nine-pins. 
Gained, o^/. Mothery. North, 
Caingel, 8. A crabbed fellow. 

Caingy, adj. Peevish; iU-tem- 

pared. North, 
Caird, 8, A tinker. Northumb. 
Caisar, 8, {A,-N.) A king, or 

Caitche, 8, The game of tennis. 
Caitif, 8, {A.'N,) (1) A captive. 

(2) A wretch. 

(3) A cripple. 

Caitiftee, *. Captivity. Wicklij/fe, 
Cake, (1) v. To cackle. North. 

(2) 8. A foolish fellow. Var. di. 

(3) " My cake is dough," I am 

entirely disappointed, my hope 

is gone. 

Notwithstanding all these traverses, we 
are confident here that the match will 
take, otherwise my cake is dough. 

Howell's Letters, I. S 3, 1, 12 

Cake-bread, 8. Rolls, or manchet. 

Cake-creel, 8. A rack for drying 

oat-cakes. North, 

Cake-house, 8. A confectioner's. 

Others not so concem'd, walk in the fields, 

To ^ive their longing wives what cake-house 

yields. Satyr against Hypocrites, 16b9. 

Cake-night, 8. A term for the 
eve of All Saints, at Ripon in 
Yorkshire, when a cake is made 
for every member of the family. 

Caker, V, To bind with iron. 

Cake-sprittli, 9. A thin board 
used for turning the oat-cakes 
over the oven. Yorksh. 

Calabass, 8. A sort of small gim. 

Calaber, 8. A kind of fur. 

Calabs. {Gr, xaXv^.) Steel. 

Calamance, 8, CalanumeOf a sort 
of woollen stuff. 

Calandbr, 8. (J,'N,) A kind of 

Calangy, V, (J.'N. eakmger.) To 
challenge. Rob, Gl. 

Calash, 8, (Fr, caUeheJ) An open 

Calasses, 8. Alms-houses. Gro8e, 

Calcar, If. An astrologer. See 
CALKER, J Calke, 

Calculb, v. (A.-N.) To cal- 

Caldese, V, To cheat, or de- 
ceive, chiefly by fortune-telling. 

Calb, (1) 8. Colewort. 

(2) Pottage. 

(3) A turn. North. 

(4) V. To throw; to gambol. East. 
Caleever, v. To gambol. North. 
Calender, {I) v. To give the gloss 

to woollen cloths. 

(2) A kind of wood. 

(3) A guide, or director. 
Calenture, s, A hot fever. 

Fear may call 
Friends to uartake of palsies, anger strives 
To fire eacn neighbouring bosome, envie 

By being transplanted ; but a lovers piure 
Flames, though converted to a eaUnture, 
Unwillingly with the least flame will part, 
Although to thaw anothers frozen heart. 
Ckamberlayne's Pkaronnida, 1659. 

Cales. The city of Cadiz. 
Caleweis, 8, {A.'N,) A kind 

of pear. 
Calf, 8. A hart in its first year. 
Calf-lick, 1 «. A tuft of hair on 
cow-lick, J the forehead which 

cannot be made to lie smooth. 
Calf's-skin, 8, Fools kept for 

diversion in great families were 

often distinguished by coals of 




ealf-tiin, with buttons down the 
back. See Sh,t K. Johrit iii. 1. 

His ealf*s^kin jests from hence are clear 
exilU Prol. to Wily Beguiled. 

Calf-staobs, 8. Places for holding 

calves. Ghuc, 
Calf-trundle, s, (1) The entrails 

of a calf. 

(2) The ruffle of a shirt, or 

flounces of a gown. 
Calf-yard, ». The dwelling-place 

of our infancy. North, 
Calimanco-cat, 8. A tortoise- 
shell cat. Norf, 
Calis, 8, A chalice. 
Caliver, *. (jPr.) A large pistol 

or blunderbuss. 
Calke, v. (I) To calculate. 

(2) To cast a figure or nativity. 
Calkins, | 8. The parts of a 
CAWKiNS, > horse-shoe turned up 
CALKERS, I and sharpened to pre- 

Tent slipping. 
Call, (1) ». To scold. North, 

(2) V, To proclaim by public 

(3) V, A term in hunting : when 
hounds are first cast off, and find 
game, they are said to call on. 

(4) 8, The outlet of water from 
a dam. North. 

(5) 8, Occasion ; necessity. 
Gallant, *. A lad. North, 
Callar, adj. Fresh ; cold. Cumb, 
Callards, 8. Leaves and shoots 

of cabbages. Wight, 
Call-back, 8, A wear. North, 
Calle, (i) 8, A sort of cap or 

network worn on the head ; a 


(2) V, To invite. 
Called-home, part, p. Asked in 

the church. 
Caller, (1) adj. Fresh ; cool. 


{2)v, To jump; to caper. Wight, 
Callet, (1)8, A scold ; a drab; 

a strumpet. 

(2) V, To rail. 

Or to hear her in her spleen 
Callet like a butter-quean. 

Elites SfedmenB, vol. iii, p. 84. 

Callierd,«. (^.-iVl) A hard stone. 

Calling-band, 8. A leading- 
string. North, 

C ALLOT, "X 8. (Fr, calotte,) A plain 
CALLET, J coif or skull-cap. 

Callow, (1) *. (A.^S.) Smooth ; 
bare ; unfledged ; applied chiefly 
to birds. 

(2) adj. Smooth, applied to an 
even wood. Su88. 

(3) 8, The stratum of vegetable 
earth lying above gravel, sand, 
limestone, &c, Ea8t, 

Callow-doctor, s. a quack. 
Calls, 8, Pieces of tape. North, 
Callymoocher, 8. A term of re- 

I do, thou upstart caUymooeher, I do ; 
Twas well known to the parish I have been 
Twice ale-cunner. 

Mayor of Quinb., 0. PI., xi, p. 132. 

Callyvan, *. A sort of pyramidal 
trap for birds. Somerset, 

Calm, 8. Scum of liquor. East, 

Calmes, 8, (1) The cogs of a wheel. 

(2) The frames of a window. 
Harrison's Desc. ofEngl.^ p. 187. 

Calmbwe, 1 «. A kind of sea 
caldmawe, J bird. 

Calmy, adj. Mothery. East, 

Calsey, 8, A causeway. 

Calsons, 1 8, {Fr. cale^on.) 
CALsouNDS, V Close linen trousers 
CALzooNS, J for men. 

Caltrop, (1) *. (A.-N.) An im- 
plement with four spikes, so con- 
trived that, in whatever direction 
it is thrown, one of the spikes 
always stands upwards. It was 
used against cavalry in war. 
(2) A kind of thistle. 

Calts, s. Quoits. Shropsh, 

Caluz, adj, {A.-N.) Bald. Weber. 

Calver, V, To prepare salmon, or 
other fish, in a peculiar way. 



Cdflwrti Hihtum ws a 'dainty 

celebrated by our old dramatists. 
Calvks-hkngb, 8. A calf s pluck. 

Caltbs-mugget, 8, A pie made 

of the entrails of cahres. 
CAi.yBs>8NowT, «. A plant. '*Ana- 

gaUis sOvestris. Mnron violet. 

I'oeil du gat. Cahes nowt:* HuL 
CaltoK, s. (Fr,) A stone or iint. 

Cam, (1) «. A ridge, or old earthen 

ttiouud. North. 

(2) adj. Crooked. 

To doe a thing deane hamme^ oat of 
order, the wrong way Coi^ruve. 

(3)<Mfc. Awry. North, 

(4) pret, t. Came. 
Camaca, •. A sort of lidi sBk 

Camati., *. (1) (A.-N.) A cameL 

<2) A nedtguard; the thickest 

part of the armour near the 

Camalion, 8. The camel-Iefopard. 
Camaradb, t. (Fr.) A comrade. 
Camber, «. A harbour. South. 
Cambbr-nosb, •. An aquiline nose. 
Camble, v. To prate sau^cily. 

Cambbil, a. (1) The hock of an 


(2) The curved piece of wood 

on ^hich butchers sospend the 

slaughtered animal. See GdnOiril 
Cambitck, 9. (1) The dry stalks of 

dead plants. East, 

(2) A game at bUl. 
Oambure. adj. Hooked. 
Camed, dK^'. Covered. North. 
Cameline, *. (A -N.) (1) A Wuff 

made of comers hair. 

(2) A kitad of sHuc^ 
Camels, s. A MiJck-naine for the 

natives of Cambridgeshilre. 
Cambrike> ». Cambrick. 
Camil, 8. Chamoniile. SomiBrtfet. 
Camis, 8. (A.-N.) A tlUn transpa- 
rent dress or robe. 

Camtbado, t. (ItA) A ^Antt diirt 
6r smock frcMck, Whidi was often 
worn by soldiers to know each 
other in a night attack. '** To give 
a eatmsado, viz. to wear a white 
sUrt ovcfr their krmes, ffaat they 
may know one tnotlher in the 
^Huic.'' mwelL 

Cam lb, 8. A camelioir. MatASev. 

Cammed, «4^ (1) Ci^ooked. 
(2) Cross; iUnatuned. Nor^ 
<3) Short nOaed. 

Cammick,*. The plant vestharrow. 

€AMMtBe,<u^. A^^tod. S^kdfft. 

Cam MOCK, s. (1) A crbdkxA tree 
or beam. 

(2) Thnher prepared fcfir tiie 
knee of a ship. 

Thoueh the. eammodt ihe mmt it n 
bowed the better ft is, yet the bow, the 
more it is tent liadoceupied, tiie ^takiAt 
it waxetfa. Xt^« Bt^huet. 

Bittef the bkesom wheta the tfiat H soar. 
And early crook'd that wiU a ekwtoei be. 

Jt>r^t. JScL, 7. 

Camois^ 1 «f^. (A-.^-N. y?aj^itw.) 
CAMUSB, V Crooked; flM; ap- 
CAMu^fe1>, J plied to k note. 

CamoocIb, 8. A tertai of li^ontertpt 

CAMoRocHk, 8. The wiM tawsy. 

Camp, (1) ^ (A.-S. 6tf9kp&h.) To 

6et eain^n a cidl. 
To 'eoMf therewithiaD. 

AUMT, p. 66. 

(2) 8. A game of ball> formerly 
practised in the Eastern oonnties. 

(3) t^ Totalkof anj-thing. LaM. 

(4) *. A hoard of potatoes^ tur- 
nips, &fe. North. 

Campable, adj. Able to do. Nffrth. 

Campane, adj. Consisting of fields. 

CamperkivoWS) 8. Alie-pottage, 
made with sugar, spices^ &c. 

Campeson, 8. The gambison. 

Campestriall, adj. (Lat.) Be- 
longing to the fields. 

Cample, v. To talk, or argne $ to 
contend. Var. dM, 




Campletbs, ». Akindof^ine. 
Campt, pari.p. Encamped. 

Cawstberxb, ^4^ Crazy. North' 

Can, (1) tfaie pret. 4^ ai eanne. 

(2) ©. To be able. 

(3) Began to ; used as an anxi- 
iliary before verbs in the inftnkive 
to express a past tense. See Gan. 

Canacin, s. The plague. Bailey. 
Canakin, 8, A small drinking mn. 
Canaries, s. (Fr.) A quick and 

lively dance, in which the daivcer 

sometimes used castanets. 
Canary, (1) «. A kind of s*M<eet 

wine, much used, in the earlier 

part of the 17th cent. 

Catiarie-wine, which beareth thh n&me 
of tlie islands from M-hence it is brought, 
is of some termed a sacke, with this 
a(!^unct sweete; bnt yet very tnipro- 
perly, for it differelh not only from 
sacke in sweetnesse and pleasantness of 
taste, bnt also in colour and consistence, 
for it is not so white in colour as sack, 
nor so thin in substance ; wiierefore it 
is more nutritive than sack, and less 
Venneri Via recta ad Vit. ionffant, 1622. 

(2) V. To dance; to frolic. 

(3) *. A sovereign. 

(4) ». A kept mistress. North, 
Can -BOTTLE, 8. The long-tailed 

titmouse. Skropsh. 

Cancarde, adj. Cankered. 

Canceleer, \8. (Fr. chancelkr.) 
CANCELiBR, J The tufu of a light- 
flown hawk upon the wing to 
recover herself, when she misses 
her aim in the stoop. 

The fierce and eager hawks down thrilling 

from the skies, 
HaJce sundry caneeUers ere they the fowl 

can reach. Drayt. PolyoHf., tx. 

(2) To turn in flight. 

The partridpre sprung, 
He makes his stoop ; but wuiting breath, 

is forced 
To canceller; then with such speed, as if 
He carried li^ht'ning in his wings, he strikes 
The trembling bird. Mass. Guards i, 1. 


CANCBR,t. A i^rit of ^tite imid. 

Who taught the poore beast having poison 

To seeke th' hearbe canftf)*, and by that to 

cure him ? 
"Who taught the botft finding his SpMts 

To seeke « branch of ivy to assure him f 
Qreat Britaines Troye, 1609. 

Canch, *. A word tised in the 
Eastern and Midland counties, 
and used to signify a small quan- 
tity of corn in the straw put 
into the corner of a hsOrn ; a short 
turn or spell at anything; a 
trench, cut sloping to' a very 
narrow bottom; a certain breadth 
in digging or treading land, or in 
turning over a dung-hill. 

Cancro. (Hal) A sort of impre- 

Candle, *. The pupil di the eye. 

Candle-bark, 8. A round cylin- 
drical box for candleSk North, 

Candle-beam, «. A chandelier. 
" Candle-beamej suche as hangeth 
in gentlemens halles, with sock^ 
ettes, to set candels upon, /oou- 
nar." HtUoet, 1552. 

Candle-cap, 8. An old brimless 
hat, with a candle in fr(Mit, used 
by butchers. Nortji. 

Candlegostes, 8, Goose-grass. 

Candle-shears, 8, Snu^ers. 

Candling, 8. A supper given by 
landlords of alehouses to their 
customers on Candlemas-eve. 

Can dock, 8. A water-plant. 

Cane, 8, A small animal of the 
weasel kind. 

Caned, adj, Mothery. Yorksk, 

Canel, *. (J.-N.) (1) A channel. 

(2) The faucet of a barrel. So- 

(3) {A,-N,) Cinnamon. 

(4) A lot. Apol LoU., p. 93* 
Cane-tobacco, 8, Tobacco made 

up in a particular form, highly 
esteemed, and dear. 




With SBoke m>«te chargobie ikkm emme-' 
lAmeto. Merry Ikrii, O. PL, t. 257. | 

— Mt boj OBce li{Atc4 
A pipe of emme-loivm. with a nvce 
Ofa nk bulad. JU FcoU, O. PiTir. 187. 

Tliea of tobacco be a pjpe dotk lark 
Of Tniiidade u ea»e^ in Iraf. or balL 

Hmrrimgt. £pif^ rr, 54. 

Cangb, V. To whine. Aor/A. 
Canglb, v. To enUngle. Xortk- 

Caxgt, adj. Cross ; ill-tempered. 

CAXIFFI.B, V. To dissemble; to 

flatter. Dewm, 
Caxions, «. Rolls at the bottom 

of the breeches just below the 

knee, sometimes indented like a 

Cank, (1) V. To talk ; to cadde. 

(2) g. A gossip. 

(3) V. To persevere ; to over- 
come. WiU*. 

(4) 9. To be infested with can- 
kers. Northampt, 

(5) adj. Dumb. YorktK 
Canker, «. (1) The common red 

field-poppy. Ea»t. 

(2) The dog-rose. 

(3) A toadstool Wett. 

(4) A caterpillar. South, 
Cankerfret, g. (I) Copperas. 

(2) A sore or blister in the 

mouth. Eagt. 
Cankerweed, g. The ragwort. 
Canke, ». To whine. Derbygh. 
Cankt, adj. Rotten, applied to 

stone. Northanqft. 
Cannel, g. The collar, neck. 
Cannel-boxb, "I *. The collar- 

channel-bone, J bone. 
Canniness, g. Caution ; good con- 
duct. North, 
Cannis,o. To toss about carelessly 

from place to place. Comw. 
Canny, (1) adj. Pretty; good ; neat. 

North. C<afiny-Amn^,a sly person. 

(2) V. To coax. Northamp. 
Canon, g. A portion of a deceased 

man's goods exacted by the priest. 

CAKoifs,«. The firrtlieatlicrsofa 
hawk after die has mewed. 

Cax8h,«. (1) A sniaU moiw of 
(2) A small pile of figgots, &c. 

(3) A strain. ShrepA, 
CAXsncK,«. A 
Camt, (1) mdf. Strong; hearty; 


(2) 9, To recover, or mend. 

(3) 9. To throw; to opteL 

(4) a. An auction. North, 
(b) 9. To let £dl. Smggex, 

(6) t. Acorner or divisioBof a 

(7) «. A small bundle ol bay. 

(8) t. A niche. 

Tke fini and principal penon in flie 
temple vas Irene, or Peace; the vas 
phoed aloft in a fin^ 

Joms^ Conmmtiom 

Directfy vnder a eamt by hexself, 
Ajrete intbnmed. 

Dteter, Emtmt, qfJmaut I. 

(9) V. To humour, caress. Leie. 
(10} V. To backbite. Herefordsh. 

(11) V. To vrhine, or play the 

(12) V. To set upon edge. East. 

(13) «. A company, or crowd. 

(14) «. A canter, or vagabond. 

(15) V. To divide. TWter. 
CANTABANaui, «. {ItoL) Balltd- 

Cantankerous, odjf. Contentious. 
Cant-dog, g. A handspike with a 

hook. North. 
Cantel, 1 «. (^.-iV.) A comer or 
CANTLB, j angle ; a small piece or 

portion of anything. 
Canteled. Different pieces of cloth 

worked together. Hall, Henry IV, 
Cantelino, g, A stake or pole. 

Canter, g, (1) One who cants, a 

vagrant or beggar. 

CAN 21 

B JsH., 51iifli ifXna, ut d. 
Hej A«j t tnm'd ffmter f thii beojmrt 
thee wane ilian flue dreu and jouihTol 

Tlu StformtSit*, ins. 

(2) k. pint jug. Sttrlhamp. 
Cantebbuki, I. A. liorse'a canter. 
Cantino-calleb. An auctioocer. 

Cantl«, ». (1) The had. North. 

(2) The leg of »n animal. Norlh. 
Cahtlb-piice, t. The part of a 

cask inio which tlie lap a driven. 

Cantlv, adv. Strong!;. Minoi. 
Canton, ti. To iiolth. 
CANT-aAiL, e. A triangular rail. 

Cantrap, (. A magic ipell. North. 
CaNtbed,!. a term used in Wales 

and Ireland for a certain diiiiian 

of lerritory. 



Sardni'i Sumycri IH<tltfiii, 1610. 

Cant-window, i. A bow'winduv. 

Canty. a4j. Cheerful; talkative. 

Canvas, i. To receive tlie can»a*, 
1. #., to be diimiued. Thepliraie 
IB taken from the practice of 
journeymen mechanics who tra- 
vel in queat of work with the 
implement) of their profeuion. 
When (hey are diicharged by 
their mailerB, they are aaid lo 
receive l/it emvat or the iag, 
became in this their tools and 
neceisaries are packed up prepa- 
ratory to their removal. 



Cants far, 1. Afire-pole. 
CANTT.adj. Merry; cheerful. North. 
Canvasado, t. Amove in fencing. 
Cap, (1) e. To complete; to finish. 

to puzzle anv one. 


(5) V. To arreit. 

(6) E. To mend ihoes at the toe. 

(7) A shepherd'! dog. /. Wight. 

(8) A man's cap was said to ake, 
wben he was tipsy. 

To mike and ue ■ Mend th^ both in- 

liar cap carried before ■ high 
dignitary on : 

Capable, o^i. ^Lal.) Compreben- 

CAPADot, >. IA.-N.) A hood. 
Cap.4:ask, *. A imall travelling 

case, or hand-box. "A b^: a 

waileCi a port-manteaui teap- 

c<ue." Nomtnclator. 
Cape,*. (1) The coping of awalL 


(2) The sleeve of a coat. 
Cape-cloak, i. A Spanish cloak. 
Capel,». The horn jointconnecting 

the two parts of a flail. Dnon. 
Capbllinb, t. A skull'Cap of ateel. 
CAPKB-coDsimi, I. Great friends. 

Cafebdbwsie,(. The stocks. But- 

, Aboiive language. 

■s of com broken off 

.k cloth. 




Capilome, 9. The circumstance of' 
one set of reapers being so far in 
advance of the other as to be 
oat of sight by the intervention 
of a hill or rise. North, 

Capirotade, t. Stewed mince- 

Capitaink, 9. (J.'N.) A captain. 

Capitlb, 8. {Lai ) A chapter or 

Caplx, t. A horse. See CV^w/. 

Capling« «. The cap of a flail. 

Cap-money, t. Money gathered 
for the huntsman at the death of 
the fox. 

Capocchia, •. (ftaL) A fool; an 

Capon, s, (1) A letter. Shot. 
(2) A red-herring. Kent, 

Capon-bell, s. The passing-belU 

Caponet, g. A small capon. 

Capon's-feather, t. The colom- 

^r.T„?^ I'- i^-ff-) A hood. 


Cappadocuio, s, a cant term for 

a prison. 
Cap-paper, s, A coarse sort of 

brownish paper. 
Cappe, *. A cope. Pr, Barv. 
Cappbl, v. To mepd or top shoes. 

Cappjbr, (1}v* To chop the bands. 


(2) Ot To coagulate; to wrinkle. 

(3) 8, A cap-maker. 
CappY'Holb, 8* A kind of game. 
Caprifole, 8. The honeysuckle. 
Capriole, «. A laidy's beadodrest* 
Caprick, 8. A sort of wine. 
Caps, «. (1) AU sorts, of fungi. 


(2) Hoodsheaves of corn-shocki. 


Cap-screed, 8. The rim of a cap. 

Capsize, v. To turn over. 

Captain, adj, Chie£; mora excel- 
lent. Shak. 

Capuccio, «• A hood,, /^eiMcr^ 

Capul, T 
CAPEL, \a, {A','N,) A horse. 


Capul, «. A domestic hem 
Car, (1) 8. {A..S.) A roek^ 

(2) 8, A wood or grove OB t 
moist soil, generally of alders. 

(3) a. Any hollow place or 

(4) V. Tb carry. Souih, 

(d) 8, A bottle or keg of one or 

two gallons. Leie, 

(6) 8. A gutter. Line, 
Carabin8,«. Asort of light t»valnr, 

in the 16th cent., armed with 

Caracol, 8, The half 'tarn which 

a horseman makes on either 

Caractbs, 1 #. i^A.'N.) Cfaarac- 
carectis, J ters ; fig;ure8 ; applied 

especially to characters for magi- 
cal purposes. 
Caraob, a. {A.'N!)' Measare; 

Ca&aino, 1 8i {A.»N,) A caroaae. 
CARETNX, > Caronye8t carcases. 
CAROiNo, J Rob. GUme. 
Cajlayel, 1 8. {Fr*, cartmeOe,) A 
cartel, > light round ship, with 
CARVEiL, J a. square poop, rigged 

and fitted out like a galley. 
Cara WAVES, 8. Comfits made with 

carawav seeds. 
Carberry, 8. A gooseberry. N&rtk.. 
Carbokul, 8. A carbuncle. 
Carbonado, (1) a. A stetk cot 

crosswavs for broiling. 

(2)». To broil.. 
Carcanet. See Qtr^enei, 
Carcblaob, 8, Prison fees. 
Card, (1) adj. Crooked. North, 

(2) 8. A chart. 

(3) 8. The mariner's compass. 

We're all like sea eards, 
All onr eadtaToon and our motiona. 
As they do to tlie narth, stiU pcinl at 
beauty. B. #• Fl., Ckwues, i, 11. 

(4) 9. T6 mix bad: and good 





' And these ; for thai by theroselvea they 

will not utter, to mingle and to card 

with the apostles' doctrines, &c., that 

at. the least yet he may so vent them. 

Sermon at St. Giles, 1593. 

You card your beer, if you see your 
guests begiii to be drunk, half small, 
half stronx. 
Greene's Quip for an Upst. Courtier, 1620. 

(5) To speak by the>card,to.S}f(iSi,k 

\viih great exactDess. 
Cahdv:j&, 8, (I) A card plajier. 

(2) A jackdaw. Sufolk. 
CARDETf , 8. An alderkar. 
Cardiacle, 8. ( Gr.) A disease af*- 
. fecting the heart. 
Cardicue, 8, (corrupted^ from Fr. 

quart d'tcu.) The fourth part of 

a French crown, about fifteen- 

pence. The other is the spelling 

of the time. 

Did I not yester-moming 
Bring a cardecuthsie from, the, p£ft* 

"Whose ass Fd driren aside? 

B. /• FL, Bloody Brother, ir, 2. 

Cardinal, (1)«. A liquor drunk in 

the University, made like bishop, 

except that claret is substituted^ 

for port wine. 

(2) «. A kind of^ cloak, in fashion 

about 1760. 
Cardinal-trilost, 8. A Cornish 

fish, the three- tailed ray. BorUue, 
Care, 8, (1) Onef ; vexation. 

(2) Tiie mountain-ash. Devon* 
Care-awates, 8» Caraways* 

Yet, if a storme should rise (by night or 

Of sugar-anom^es, and haile of eq^e-a-wnes. 
Bavi^, Scourge of^JPoU^, 1611. 

Care-cake, 8, A pancake. North. 

Care-cxoth, 8, A squs^re. cloth, 
formerly held over the head of a 
bride by four men. 

Carecrin, adv. Cheerfully. Norih- 

Careful, ad}. {A.'S») Sorrewlol. 

Careire, *. (Fr.) The short turn- 
ings of a nimble horses themove-. 
ments of a, drunken man. 

Carer, «. A sieve. Derbyslu 

CARBWAiPf '• A cart. North, 
Carf, (i) pret, i. Carved, 

{2) 8.' The breadth of one cut- 
ting in a rick of hay. Kent, 
Carfax, 8, (^-N) A meeting of 

four roads. 
Qaroo, *. A bully or bri^vo. 
Oar-hand, «. The left haml. 

Carien, ». (-<<.-5.) To carry. 
Caries, *. {A.-N.) Carats of gold 
Carine, (I) *. The bottom oi a 

(2) r. To piok or prune the 
feathers. Xeip., 

Let me see, says madam, where*s my 
cornet f Pray carine this, favourite. 

Ladiesi' Dictioiiary, 1694. 

Qa^k, (1)*. (A,'$.) G&x^; anxiety.. 

(2) V. To be careful a^ diligent. 

(3) adj. Stiff. Leic, 

(4) *, Forty tpd; of -WQOlf. 
Qa^lkanet, 1 

CARCANET, 1 8. (Fr.) Anecklacc. 


Asrines, and stones, and cadBoneUeSf 
To make them please the^^eye. 

TurbervilWs Tragicall 2\i^,1587. 

About his necke a carh^et^ rich he ware 
Of priecious stones all set in gold well tried. 

Eatr-^ Jriost., vii, 47. 

About thy neck a carhmet is bound 
Made of the ruble, peax), and <diamond. 

^sirr\ckt p. 30. 

I CARii, 8* {Ai'&) Aiohurl ; a bond- 
man ; a clown* 

>Carl-jqat, «^ A toi^ca^^ iVofM. 

; Carline, 8, A term applied, to^ an 
old woman* North. 

Caviling, 8. A penguiti. 

Carlings, 8. Grey peas, steeped 
all night in. watejp, ai;id fried the 

\ next day with butter, eaten on 
Palm Sunday) fevmerly. called 
Carling Snnday« North. 

Carlish, o^f. Chudish. Northi 

Carlot, «. A- rustic, or churl. 

Carmes, 9. (A^N.) CarmeUle 

Carnadinb, 8. The carnatMflu 




Carxary-chapel, t. A charnel- 

Carnbl, *. (I) (J,'N,) A bat- 
(2) A dish in cookery. 

Camel of pork. Take the brawnn of 
swvne. Parboile it, and zrynde it smale, 
ancl alay it up with polices of ayrenn. 
Set it over the fyre with white greece, 
and lat it not seeth to fast. Bo tliere- 
inne safronn and powdor.fort, and messe 
it forth; and cast tliereinue powdor- 
fort, and serve it forth. Forme of Cwy. 

Carney, v. To coax. Var. d, 
Carnifex, «. (£a/.) A scoundrel. 
Carnilatb, V, To build houses 

with battlements. 
Carnill, 8, Kernel. Heywoodt 

Carnosity, 8, (Lat,) Fleshiness. 

** Cwnositye or anye thynge that 

is fleashye." Httloet, 
Caroch» 8. {Fr.) A large coach. 

Have with them for the great caroehy six 

And the two coachmen^ with my ambler 

And my three women. 

B. JoM.t Det. is an Ass, ir, 2. 

Caroionb, 8, See Caraing, 
Carol, (1) 8, (A.-N,) A dance. 

(2) V. To dance. 

(3) «. A closet or small study. 
Carol-window y a bow- window. 

Carouse, 8, A bumper. 

Next he devoured up a loyne of vealc, 
Upon foure capons then his teeth did 

And sent them downe into his pudding 

So tooke the cup, and drinking a carowse. 
Fell to his rabets, and dispatching foure. 
Rowlands, KtumeojSp. ondD., 1613. 

Carp, »• (I) (^.-M) Speech ; con- 
(2) Noise ; tumult. 

Carpe, ©. {A,'N,) To talk. 

Carpet-knights, 8. Knights dub- 
bed at court by favour, instead 
of for distinguished military ser- 
vices. Hence, an effeminate 

But as tat yon, your doaths are rich tad 

Of purple hoes, embroidered all moat ftdre, 
Signes of your lazie mindesj and your 

In wanton dandngs are, fmd aurfd- 

knights : 
In jackets short, with sleeves moat delicate 
And haireUce, bongrace, most effeminate. 

Carpets, 8. Covers for tables or 

Carpkt-shibld, «. An effeminate 


Can I not touch some upstart earpet-sIdeU 
Of Lolio*8 Sonne, that never saw the field? 

HatTs Sai,, iv, 4. 

CARPBT-sauiRE, 9. An effeminate 

For that the valiant will defend her fame, 
When carpet squires will hide their beads 
with shame. 

TurbermU^s TragieaU TdUs, 1587. 

Carpet-standino, 8. A small 
piece of rich carpet, for royal 
and noble personages. 

Carpet-way, «. A green sward. 

Carpmeals, 8. A coarse sort of 
cloth made in the North of Eng- 
land in the reign of James I. 

Carpnel, 8, A kind of white cot- 
ton cloth. 

Carr, 8, A sort of black fibrous 
material washed up by the sea in 
heavy gales, and used for fuel. 

Carrack, «. A Spanish galeon; 
any vessel of great value and 
size. At an earlier period the 
name was given to smaller 

Carrans, 8, Buskins or covering 
for the feet and legs, cut out of 
the raw hide. /. Man. 

Carrect, 8, A carat of gold. 

Carrbfour, 8, {Fr,) A place 
where four ways meet. 

Carrel, 8, Fustian cloth. 

Carriage, 8, (1) A drain. Witt8, 
(2) A belt to carry a whetstone 
behind the mower. 




Carrock, s. a heap of stones for 
a boundary-mark. I^iorth, 

Carkossb, 8, {Fr.) A coach. 

Carroy, *. (A,'N.) a square or 
body of soldiers. 

Carry, ». (I) To drive. Craven, 

(2) To recover. North, 

(3) To carry coals, to submit to 
any indignity. 

Carry-castle, 8, An elephant. 

So closely ambusht almost every day. 
To watch the carry autle, in his way. 

Du Bartas, 

Carry-merry, 8, A kind of sledge 
for conveying goods from one 
'warehouse to another. Somerset. 

Carry-pleck, 8. A boggy place, 
the water of which leaves a red 
sediment. Lane, 

Carry-tale, «. A tale-bearer. 

Carrywitchet, 8, See Car- 

^^^^\^ \8,(J,-S,cer8.) Cresses. 

KARSSE, J ^ '' 

Carsey, «. Kersey. 

Carsick, s. The kennel or gutter. 

Cart, *. (A.-S,) A chariot, or car. 

Cart-bread, s. Bought bread. 

Carted, adj. Not considered; 
equivalent to " put on the shelf." 

Carter, s. {A.-S,) A charioteer. 

Carthagines, 8, A cant term for 

Cartle, v. To clip, or cut round. 

Cart-loose, 8, A cart-rut. North, 

Cartly, adv. Rough; unman- 
nerly. North, 

Cart- rake, s. A cart-track. Essex, 

Cart-sadel, 8. The saddle placed 
on the horse in the shafts. 

Carve, (I) s, A plough land. 

(2) V, To grow sour, or curdle. 

(3) V, To cut; to slice. 
Carvel, s, {I) A small ship, or 


(2) A prostitute. 

(3) {A.'N.) A basket; a chicken-/ 

coop. North, 
Carvett, 8, A thick hedge-row. 

Carvis-cakbs, 8, Flat round 

oatmeal cakes, with caraway 

Carvist, 8, A young hawk. 
Car-water, s. Chalybeate water. 


Carwhichet, 1 4 

^.„«„»« I*' A pun, or 
carwitchet, V ., , , '^ ' 

carrywitchbt, J ^^ ®* 

All the foul i' the fair, I mean all the 
dirt in Smithfield, — that's one of Master 
Littlewit's earwhickets now, — will be 
thrown at our banner today, if the 
matter does not please the people. 

B. Jons , Barth. Fair, v. 1. 

Sir John had always his budget full of 
punns, conundrums, and earramtchets, 
— at which the king lau^ht till his sides 
crackt. jirbttthttot,l>usert. ok Dumpling, 

Cary, 8, A sort of coarse cloth. 
Carye, V, To go. 
Carystyb, *. {Lat,) Scarcity. 
Cas, 8, (1) {A.'N,) Chance; 


(2) A case. 
Casardly, adv. Unlucky. North, 
Casbald, 8. A term of contempt. 
Cascade, v. To vomit. 
Case, (1) v. To skin an animal; 

to strip. 

(2) 8, A kind of fish,, somewhat 

like a char, but not so much 

esteemed. Nicolson and Burn^s 

West, and Cumb., i, 185. 
Caselinos, 8. The skins of beasts 

that die by accident. Chesh, 
Caselty, a4f • Uncertain ; casual. 

Casbmund, 8, A casement. Hey' 

woody 1556. 
Case-worm, s. The caddis. East, 
Cashb, V, To cashier. 
Casibrs, 8, Broad wide sleeves. 

Casinos, s. Dried cow-dung used 

for fuel. Norths 




Ca8kb» adj. Strong. 
Caskbt, t. A stalk, or stem. North. 
Caspbub, «. The pUnt cardiac 
Cassabullt, «. The winter creu. 

Cassb, (1) 9. (J.'N.) To discharge; 

to cashier ; to disband. 

(2) «. An earthworm. Florio.. 
CASSiASisTREy 9, A plant, the 

cassia fistula. Gerard. 
Cassock It. (Fr.) A loose out- 
CASSAQUE, J w^d coat. 
Casson, «. Beef. Dekker, 
Cassydonys, «. The calcedony. 
Cast, (1) v. To speak ; to address. 

(2) V. To intend. 

(3) V. To contrive. 

(4) V. To consider; to de- 

(5) «. Chance; opportanity. 

(6) V. To bring forth prema- 
turely, said of beasts. Shropsh, 

(7) V. To vomit. 

(8) V. To empty. 

(9) part. p. Thwarted; de- 
feated. Shropsh. 

(10) part. p. Warped. North. 

(11) 9. To choke one's self with 
eating too fast. North. 

(12) 9. To yield; to produce. 

(13) 9. To add up a sum; to 

(14) V. To think; to cogitate. 

(15) «. A second swarm of bees 
from one hive. 

(16) 8. A brace or couple. 

(17) part. p. Cast off; thrown 

(IS) part. p. Plotted; devised. 

(19) «. (A.'S.) A stratagem; a 

(20) «. A flight of hawks. 

(21) V. To set a hawk on a 

(22) V. To purge a hawk. 

(23) When hounds check, and 
the huntsman tries to recover 

the scent by taking the 
round about the spot, h< 
to eoft them. 

(24) V. To rectify or < 
compass. Palsg. 

(25) V, To arrange or 

(26) To east tip, to 
North. Also, to forsake. 
afortt to forecast. ** I 
peny worthes, Jepovrjeei 
I have all caste my pen j 
I maye put my wynnyoj 
eye." Palsgrave. To 
yond the moorit to att< 
possibilities ; also, to ii 
wild thoughts and coi 
To cast water yio find out 
by the inspection of urii 

(27) V. To groan. Wa% 

(28) t. {A.-S.) Stril 

(29) V. To condemn. 

(30) 8. A small portion 
Castblet, 8. (A.'N.) A 
Castelle, s. {A.'N.) A J 

Caster, «. (1 ) A cloak. J 

(2) A cow that casts hei 

(3) To come the caster, 

Abating that expression, I s 

sworn that thou and I shouli 

the caster with lier by turns. 

Howard, Man ojNewnu 

Castes, «. An instrui 
punishing schoolboys 
blow on the palm of t 

Casting-bottle, «. A 1 

casting, or sprinkling, p 

a fashionable luxury in 

of Elizabeth. Sometim 

a casting-glass. 

Fray Jove the perfumed cov 
their casting'bottUa, pick.t( 
shittlecocks from you. 

B. Jons., Cyntku 

Faith, ay : his civet and his ea$i 

Have helpt him to a place Hmoi 

B.Jon., Bp.M. out 

. Castle, s, A sort of dot 




Gastleward, 9. A tax laid on 
those dwelling within a certain 
distance of a castle, for the sup- 
port of the garrison. 

Gastling, t. A calf bom before 
its time. 

Gastock, s. The heart of a cabbage. 

Gastor, 8. (Lai.) A beaver. 

Castrel, «. (^.-iV.) An inferior 

kind of hawk. 

Like as the sparrow, from the eaatrels ire, 
Mkde his asvlum in the wise man's fist. 
Foem addressed to Lady Drake, 1596. 

Gat, «. (1) A mess of coarse meal, 
clay, &c., placed in dove-cotes, 
to allure strangers. East. 

(2) A ferret. Suffolk. 

(3) A game played among ooys 
with sticks, and a small piece of 
wood, rising in the middle, so as 
to rebound when struck on either 

(4) A stand formed of three 
pieces of wood or iron, crossing 
and united in the centre, to place 
before the fire for supporting a 
plate of buttered toa&t. 

(5) (From a common usage of 
the jFV. chat.) Pudendum f. 

(6) Mentula. Somerset 

(7) A shed to protect soldiers 
while lying ready to attack. 

Catadupe, s. {Gr.) A cataract. 
Gataian, 8. A sharper. 
Gatapuce, «. {A.'N.) A kind of 

Gat-arles, 9. An eruptive disorder 

of the skin. North. 
Gatayl, 8. A sort of vessel. Rich' 

ard C. de L. 
Gat-bbaole, 8. A swift kind of 

Gat-bill, «. A woodpecker. North. 
Cat-blash, 8. Any thin liquid, as 

weak tea. Line. 
Gat-boils, «< Small boils. North*' 

Cat-brain, c A sort of rough clay 

mixed with stone. West, 

Gat-call, «. A sort of whistle. 
Gatch, (1) 9. A few hairs drawn 

out of a knot or bunch, woven 

in the silk. 

{2) 8. A sort of ship. 

(3) 8. The eye of a link. 

Orbiculus. bn^, Maille. The male, the 
catch, or rundle through M-hich the 
latchetpassethand is fastened with the 
toong of the buckle : a loope. 

Nomenclator, 1585. 

(4) To catch copper, to take 
harm. To lie upon the catch, to 
seek an opportunity. 

I hope you do not lie upon the catch to 
weary and tire me out, by putting more 
upon me then a horse is able to endure, 
and then ko about to hang me, because 
I, through tiredness, want bodily 
strength and abilities to make and pro- 
nounce my defence. English Worthies. 

To catch a fell. A weaver is said 
to have caught a fsU when he 
finishes his piece, because there 
is always a small portion wove 
beyond the actual termination 
of the piece, for the purpose of 
securing the remainder of the 
warp after the finished work is 
cut out. 

Gatch-corneb, 8. A well-known 
child's game. 

Gatched, adj. Entangled. Beds. 

Gatcherel, *. A catchpole. Pr. P. 

Gatch-land, 8. Border-land, of 
which the tithe was disputable, 
and taken by the first claimant 
who could catch it. Norf. 

Gatch-water, 8. A reservoir of 
water in a newly-erected com- 
mon. Somerset, 

Gatchy, adj. Disposed to take ad- 

Gate, v. To be lecherous. North. 

Gatel, 8. (A.'N.) Goods; property, 
treasure, or money. 

Gater, v. To cut diagonally. 

Gatbr»cou8in, 8. (1) An intimate 
(2) A parasite. 

GATBREYNis,«.(^.-iV.) Quadrains; 




Caterpillar, «. A cockchafer. 

Catbrramkl, v. To hollow out. 

Catersnozzled, pari. p. Zig-zag. 

Catkry, 8, The place where pro- 
visions were kept. 

Cates, «. Provisions. 

In a plaine country greeting he indted 
U8 to drinke and *eate with him such 
cotes as the house afforded. 

RowUy, Search for Monejf, 1609. 

Cat-gallows, s, a child's game. 

Cathammed, adj. Awkward ; 
clumsy. South. 

Cat-haws, «. Common haws. 

Cathedral, a. A huUy. Line. 

Cather, 8. A cradle. North, 

Cat-hip, 8. The burnet rose. 

Cat-ice, «. Ice from which the 
water has receded. Northampt. 

Cat-in-pan, 8. A turncoat, or de- 
serter from his party ; to turn 
cat-in-pan, to be a turncoat. 

Our fine phylosopher, our trimme learned 

Is gone to see as false a spie as himselfe. 
Damon smatters as well as he of craftie 

And can toume cat in the panne very pre* 

But Carisophus hath given him such a 

migUtie ciiecke, 
As I thinke in the ende will breake his 

necke. Damon and Pithias, p. 206. 

Thus may ye see to tume the cat in the pan. 
Workes of J. Heiwood, 1598. 

Catling, s. The string of a lute or 

Tiolii), made of cat-gut. 
Catmallisons, 8. Cupboards near 

chimneys for dried beef and 

provisions. North. 
Catrigged, adj. Badly creased; 

applied to linen. North. 
Cats and kittens, 8. The blos- 
soms of the salix. 
Cats-cradle, «. A children's 

game, with string twisted on the 


Cats-foot, #. Ground ivy. NoriK 
Cats-head, 8.(1) A kind of po« 

rous stone found in coal pits. 

(2) A sort of apple. 
Cats-heer,*. **Catte8'heeref other- 

wyse called a felon. FunMcubia.** 

Catso, 8. {ItaL eazzo.) A low 

term of reproach; a rogue; a 

base fellow. Catzerie, cheating, 


And 80 canningly temporize with this ean« 
ning catM. ITilg ieguUed, 0. FL 

— And looks 
Like one that is employed in eeitterie 
And crofbiting ; such a rogue, fce. 

Jew of Malta, O. PL, viii, S74. 

Cats-smere, 8. An old name of a 

plant, axungia. 
Cats-tail, «. (1) The catkin of 

the hazel or willow. 

La fleur de noyer semblable k la qveae 
d'un rat, minons in Gallia Narbouenn. 
The cats tailes on nut-trees, the long 
bud hanging like a long worme or ag* 
glet. Nomenelator, 1686. 

(2) The plant horsetail. 

(3) A sore place, or fester. Cot- 

Cat-stairs, 8. Tape, &c., twisted 
to resemble stairs. North. 

Catter, v. To thrive. North. 

Catton, v. To thump. North. 

Catwhin, *. The dog-rose. North. 

Cat-with-two-tails, a. An car- 
wig. North. 

Catwitted, adj. Silly and con- 
ceited. North. 

Cauch, 8. A nasty mixture. Devon. 

Cauci, 1 8. {A.'N.) A causeway, 
CAUci^, J or road. 

Cauciour, 8. A surveyor. Cumb. 

Caud, adj. Cold. North. 

Caudebec, 8. A hat of French 
fashion, used in England about 

Caudel, 1 *. {A.'N.) A sort of 
cawdel, J pottage. 

Cliykens in cawdel. Take chykenns, 
and boile hem in gode bzoth, and ramme 




/liem np. Tlienne take 5olke8 of ayren, 
(and the broth, and alye it togedre. Do 
thereto powdor of eynger, and sugar 
ynowh, safronn, ana salt ; and set it 
over the fyre withoute boyllynge, and 
serve the chykens hole, other y>oroken, 
and lay the sowe onoward. 

FbriM qf Cury^ p. 9. 

Catodel ienj. Take floer of paynde- 
mayn and gode wyne ; and drawe it to- 
gy^re. Do thereto a grete Quantit6 of 
sugar cypre, or hony clarified ; and do 
thereto snfronn. Boile it, and whan it 
is boiled, alye it no with jolkes of ayren, 
and do thereto salt, and messe it forth, 
and lay thereon sugar and powdor gyn- 
ger. Forme of Cury, j>. 11. 

Caudel rennyng. Take vemage, or other 
gode swete wyne, and jolkes of eyren 
beten and streyned, and put therto 
auger, and colour hit with saffron, and 
sethe hit tyl hit ht^n to boyle, and 
strawe ponder of ginger theron; and 
serve hit forthe. Warner, p. 82. 

Cauderne, 8, A caldron. 

Caudle, «. Any slop. Devon. See 

Caud-pie, 8. t. e.t Cold pie; a dis- 
appointment or loss. North. 

Caugle, f>. To quarrel. North, 

Cauk, 8. (A.-N.) Limestone. East. 

Caul, «. (1) A spider's web. 
(2) A swelling. North. 

Cauld, 8. A dam-head. North. 

Caule, 8. (1) The filament inclos- 
ing the brain. " Les covertures 
de la cervelle. The caules or 
filmes of the braine." Nomenclat. 
(2) A coif. " Where is my caule ? 
Oil est mon escofion?" Tlie 
French Alphabet ^ 1615. 

Caumpersome, adj. Lively ; play- 
ful. Derbysh. 

Caumy, adj. Qualmy, Northampt. 

Caup, v. (A.-S. ceapian.) To ex- 
change. North. 

Cauphe, 8. Coffee. 

The Tartars have a drink not good at 
meat called cauphe, made of a berry as 
bigge as a small beaiie, dryed in a fur> 
nace and beat to powder of a soote co- 
lour, in taste little bitterish, that they 
seetli and drinke hot as may be en- 
dured ; it is good all houres of the day, 
but especially morning and evening, 
when to that' purpose they enter taiiie 

themselves two or three honres in 
eaupke-kouses, which in all Turkey 
abound more then innes and alehouses 
with us. 

Bliunfs Voyage in the Levantf 1650. 

Cauponate, v. (Lat.) To hold an 

Caury, adj. {A.'N.) Worm-eaten. 
Cause, eonj. Because. 
Causey, t. {A.-N) A causeway, 

of which it is the more correct 

Caush, 8. A sudden declivity. 

Causidick, 8. (Lat.) A lawyer. 
Cautel, *. {A.'N.) A cunning 

Cautelous, adj. Artful ; cautious. 
Caution, 8. A pledge ; a surety. 
Cave, (1)9. To tilt up. Shropsh, 

(2) To fall in, as earth when 

(3) To rake ; to separate. South. 

(4) To thrash corn. 

(5) t. A cabbage. North. 
Caveare, 8. The spawn of a kind 

of sturgeon pickled, salted, and 
dried, which was formerly con- 
sidered a great dainty. 

Cavbl, (1) V. To divide or allot 
(2) 8. A part or share. North. 

Cavenard, *. (A.'N) A term of 

Caversyn,*. (>^.-.V.) A hypocrite. 

Cayill, 8. A coif, or caule. 

Her golden loekes like flermas sands, 
(Or then bright Hermus brighter) 

A spangled eavillh'uids in with bands, 
Then silver morning lighter. 

Englatuu Helicon, 1614. 

Cayillatign, 8. (Lat.) A cavil. 

ling ; a quibble in law. " Cavil- 

lationf or subtyle forged tale. 

Cavillatio:* Huloet. 
Cayino, 8. Refuse swept from the 

threshing floor. East. 
Cayous, adj. Hollow ; full of caves. 
Caw, (1) 8. The rot in sheep, 





!2) 9. To bring forth a larob. 
3) V, To gasp for breath. Devon, 

Caward, adv. Backward. 

Cawbaby, «. An awkward, shy 
boy. Devon. 

Cawdaw, t. A jackdaw. North, 

Cawdle, 8, Entanglement ; con- 
fusion ; also a mining term for a 
thick and muddy fluid. Comw, 

Cawdrife, s, a shivering feeling. 

Cawdy-mawdt, 8, The Royston 
crow. Northampt, 

Cawe, v. {A.'N.) To go, or walk. 

Cawf, 8, An eel-box. East. 

Cawftail, 8. A dunce. Lane. 

Cawhand, 8. The left hand. North, 

Cawkrn, V, To breed, applied 
especially to hawks. 

Cawky, adj. Frumpish. Line. 

Cawl, (l) 8. A swelling from a 
blow. Yorksh, 

(2) V. To do work awkwardly. 

(3) «. A coop. Kent. 

(4) «. A sort of silk. 

(5) V. To bully. North, 
Cawm, v. In Derbyshire, the rear- 
ing of a horse is called cawming, 

Cawnky, «. A silly fool; a half 

idiot. Berk8, 
Cawnse, 8. A pavement. Devon, 
Cawte, adj. Cautious. 
Caxon, 8, A worn-out wig. SO' 

Cay, v. To caw, as a crow. 
Cayn, 8, A nobienran. 
Caynard, 8. (A.'N.) A rascal. 
Cayre, V, To go ; to come. Cayere^ 

comers. Morte Arthure, 
Caysbr, 1 «. (A,'S.) An empe- 

caysbre, ) ror. 
Caytefet£, 8, {A,'N,) Wretched- 
Cayvar, 8, A kind of ship. K, 

Alieamder, 6062. 
Cazami, 8, The centre or middle 

of the bud; an astrological 

Cajtb, j9re/. /. Caught. Rob, GUmc, 

Cbacs, f . A layer of earth, atAw, 

&c Norf. 
Cbasb, v. To die. Shaketp, 
Cbatb, «. A membrane. 
Cecchin, 8. An Italian coin, a 

Cboulb, 8, A Bchedole. 
Cbe, 8, The sea. 
Cboe, 8. A seat. See Sege, 
Cegob,«. The water flower de-faioe. 

See Segye, 
Ceisb, V, (A,'N,) To seize. 

^«i'T^"JfJl !«• A sort of aknn^p. 


Celature, 8, (A.'N.) The nnder- 

surface of a vault ; the ceiling. 
Celb, (1) adj. Happy. See Sde, 

(2) 8. {A.'N.) A canopy. 

(3) 8. Time ; season. See Sele. 

(4) r. A term in falconry. "I 
cele a- hauke or a pigyon or any 
other foule or byrde, whan I sowe 
up their eyes for caryage or other- 
wyse." Pal8grave, 

CsLEBRioirs, 8, {A,'N-) Famous. 
Celed, part, p, (1) Decorated by 

sculpture or painting. 

(2) Wainscoted. 
Celeb, adj. Strange ; wonderfnl. 
Celerer, 8. (Lat) The officer in a 

monastery who had the care of 

the provisions. 
Celestine, 8, A kind of plnnket 

or coloured doth, with broad 

Cellar, 8, {A.'N,) A canopy, 

especially of a bed. ** Cellar for 

a bedde, del de Ut," PaUgrave, 
Celle, 8. {Lat.) A religious boose. 
Celsitudb, 8. {Lat.) Highness. 
Celwylly, adj. Unruly. Pr. P. 
Ceme, 8, A quarter of com. Pr. P. 

See Seam, 
Cbmmed, ae^. Folded ; twisted. 
Cemy, adj. Subtle. Pr. Parv. 
Cencleffb, 8. The daflTodiL 
Cenoal, 8. {A.'N. 9endaL) A sort 

of rich silken stuflT, which was 

much prized. 
Cene, 8, (1) A sort of sauce. / 




(2) An assfcmbly. Palsgrave. 
Cbns, 8, Incense. To centCf to 

sprinkle with incense. 
Censer, «. An incense pot ; a bottle 

for sprinkling perfumes. 
Censure, (1) 9. (Lat.) Judgment; 


Truly, madam, he suffers in my censure 
equal with your ladyships, and I think 
him to be a bundle of vanity, otherwise 
called a fop in extraordinary. 

Duffey, Fool tum*d Critiek. 

(2) V. To judge; to give an 


They doffe their npper garments: each 

Unto her niilke-white linnen smocke to 

bare her, 
Small difference twixt thdr white smocks 

and their skins, 
And liard it were to censure which were 

fairer. Great Britaines Troye, 160d. 

Cent, «. A game at cards, supposed 
to have resembled picquet, and 
so called because 100 was the 

Centener, 8. An officer command- 
ing a hundred men. 

Cento, ». (Lat.) A patchwork. 

C£NTRY-GARTH,9. The Cemetery of 
a monastery. 

Centv-foot.I j^ t ^ 


I at cards play'd with a girl, 
Eose by name, a dainty pearl: 
At centy-foot I ofl'n moved 
Her to love me, whom I loved. 

Drunken Bamaby. 

Ceout, «. To bark. Shrqpsh* 
Csp, V. To catch a ball. North, 
Cepe, i. A hedge. 
Cephen, «. The male, or yoang 

Cbradenb,^. a fresh-water muscle. 

Cercle, V, (A.-N.) To surround. 
Ceremonies, 8. Prodigies. Shakesp. 
Cerob, 8. {A.-N.) A wax taper. 
Cerke, 8. A shirt. See Sark, 
Cern, v. To concern. Shakesp, 
Cernoyle, 8, Honeysuckle. 
Cerse, v. To cease. North, 
' Ce&tacion, 8. Assurance. 

Certain, a<7v. Certainly. Chaucer. 

Certed, adj. Certain ; firm. 

Certes, adv. (A.-N.) Certainly. 

Cert-monet, 8. Head money or 
common fine, paid yearly by the 
residents of several manors to 
the lords thereof. JSlount. 

Ceruse, «. Ceruse or white-lead, 
used by ladies for painting. 

Cerve, «. A circlet. 

CERyfen.LB, *. (A.-N.) The brain. 

Cess, (1) v. To spill water about. 

(2) 8. (A.-N.) Measure ; estima- 
tion. ** Out of all ce88,* exces- 

(3) V. To call dogs to eat. South, 

(4) 8. A layer or stratum. Eaet, 
Cesse, v. (1) (A.'N.) To cease. 

(2) (A.'N.) To give seizin or 

Cesser, 8, An assessor. 

Cest, part. p. (A.-N.) Ceased. 

C^STOn f8.{A.'N.) A studded girdle. 

Cete, 8. A company of badgers. 

Ceterach, 8. {Fr») The stone- 

Cetywall, 8. See Seteufdle. 

Chace, 8. The groove for the 
arrow in a crossl)ow. 

Chaceable, adj. Fit to be hunted. 

Chacechiens, 8. {A.'N.) Berners. 

CHACKLE,tr. To chatter. Shfnereei. 

Chackstone, 8. A small flint. 

Chacoon, 8. {Span.) A dance like 
the saraband, brought from Spain. 

Chad, 8. A small trench for drain- 
ing land. Midi. C. 

Chadan, 8. The inwards of t calf. 

Chadde, v. To shed. 

Chadfarthi^o, 8. A farthing paid 
formerly for the purpose of hal- 
lowing the font for christenings. 

Chadle, v. To make a small groove 
in which to drive a wedge to split 
stones. Notthampt. 

Chads, s^ Dry husky fragments 
found amongst food. East, 

Chafe, v, {A.-N.) To grow angry. 




Chafeoall, t. A boil caused by 
the friction of the legs. 

Entretail, escorchure ct pcau oar cs- 

chauffement, souillure. A eall with 
sweating: a chafegaU: a nightgall: a 
meiTjTKall, which may come by eoing 
and riding in a sweat. Nomenclator. 

Chafer,*. (1) The May-bug. South. 
(2) {J.'N.) A saucepan. "A 
caudorne, kettle, skellet, or cAa/"- 
fer to heate water in." Nomen- 

Chafer-house, 8. An alehouse. 

Chafery, ». (J.'N.) A furnace. 

Chafeweed, *. An old name for 
the plant cudwort. Nomenclat. 

Chaff-bone, 1 *. The jaw-bone. 
chafte-ban, J Chaff'faUent low- 
spirited. North, 

Chaffbrb, (1) V. (A.-S.) To deal, 
exchange, or barter. 
(2) 8. Merchandise. 

Chafflb, v. To haggle. North, 

Chaff-nets, ». Nets for catching 
small birds. 

Chaffo, v. To chew. Lane, 

Chaffron, 8. A chamfron, or head- 
piece for a horse with a projecting 

Chaflet, 8, (J.'N,) A small scaf- 

Chafty, adj. Talkative. Yorkah. 

Chaierb, 8, {A,-N.) A chair, or 

Chain, 9. A weaver's warp. Somer- 

Chair-hole, 8. A recess made in 
the upper part of a rick in which 
a person stands to receive the 
corn or hay to convey it higher 
for completing the rick. East. 

Chaisel, 8. {J.'N.) An upper 

(2) A sort of fine linen, of which 
smocks were often made. 

Chaity, adj. Careful; delicate. 

Chalanoe, 8, A chanter. 

Cbaldbr, V, To cnimble. East. 

Chaldron, 1 «. (J,'N.) A sort 

CHAWOUEN, J of sauce. 

Chalk, v. To mark up debts with 

chalk in an alehouse. 

Where I drank, and took my common 
In a tap-house with my woman : 
While I had it, there I paid 11^ 
Till long ekaUiinji broke my eredit. 

Drunken Btumakjf. 

Chall, s. The jaw. Leic. 

Challenge, v, A term in hunting; 
when bounds or beagles first find 
the scent and cry. 

Chalm, V, To nibble into minute 
particles. Northamp. 

Chalon, 8. A coverlet. Chaucer, 

Chaltered, part, p. Overcome 
with heat. Leic, 

Cham, (1) adv. Awry. North, 
(2) V. To chew or champ. 

Chamberdekins, 8. Irish beggars. 

Chamberer, 8. A wanton person. 

CHAMBBRBREf 8. {J.'N.) A cham- 

Chamber-fellow, s. A chum; 
one who occupies the same cham- 
bers with another. 

Chambbrings, 8. The furniture of 
a bed or bed-room. 

Chamber-lie, s. Urine. Shakesp. 

Chamberlin, 1 9. An attendant 
chamberlain, I in an inn, equi- 
valent to the head waiter or upper 
chambermaid, or both, and some- 
times male, sometimes female. 
Milton says that Death acted to 
Hobson the carrier, 

In the kind office of a chamberUnf 
Show'd him his room where he must lodge 

that night, 

Fuli'd off his boots, and took away the light 

On the Univ. CarrUr, 1. 14. 

I had even as live the ehamberUune of 

the White Horse had called me up to 

bed. Peek's Old Wives Tale» i» 1. 

Chamber- PIECE, s. A gun which, 
instead of receiving its charge at 
the muzzle, had an opening or 
chamber near the opposite extre- 
mity, in which the powder and 




ball, properly secured, were de- 

Chambers, «. Small cannon, with- 
out carriages, used chiefly on 
festive occasions. 

Chamble, v. To chew. 

^n^^^!'^^' 1*. (^.-AT.) Avarie- 

CHAMLET, k^t^^d Stuff. 

Chamblings, 8, Husks of com. 

Chambre-forene, 8. {A,'N,) A 

Jakes. Rob. Glouc. 
Chambrel, 8. The joint or bending 

of the upper part of the hind legs 

of a horse. 
Chamfer, «. (1) The plain slope 

made by paring off the hedge of 

anything; a rabbet. 

(2) A hollow channel or gutter; 

a furrow. " Cham/red brows,*' 

furrowed brows, denser. 

As for the malleoli, a kind of darts, 
shaped they be on this fashion : There 
is an arrow made of a cane, betwixt the 
head and the steile, Joined and couched 
close with an yron full of chamfers and 
teeth. Ammianug Mareellinus, 1609. 

Chamfron, 8. (J.'N.) Armour for 

a horse's nose and cheeks. 
Chammer, 8. A richly ornamented 

gown, worn by persons of rank in 

Henry VIII's time. 
Champ, (1) adj. Hard; firm. 


(2) V. To bite, or chew. 

(3) V. To tread heavily. Warw. 

(4) 8, A scuffle. Exmoor. 
Cham Ais^Aadj, {A,'N,) Plain; 

CHAMPION, J flat; open; applied 

to country. 

Oat of this street lies a way up into a 
fair champaign heath, where the walks 
are so pleasant, and the air so sweet. 
Brome's Travels over England. 

Champartie, 8. (A,'N,) A share 
of land; a partnership in power. 
As a law term, a maintenance of 
any one in his suit on condition 
of having a share of the thing 
recovered in case of success. 

Champe, 8. {A,'N,) The field or 
ground in which carving is 

Champers, 8, Hounds. 

Champeynk, 8, A sort of fine 

Championon, 8. {Fr.) A mush- 

Champion, v. To challenge; to 

Chance, «. The game of hazard. 

Chance-bairn, a, A bastard. 

Chancb-bone, 8, The huckle- 
bone. East, 

Chandry, 8. The place where can- 
dles were kept. 

CHANE,jE?re/. t, {A,'N.) Fell. 

Chanfrous, adj. Very fierce. 

Change, s, A shift. 

Changeable, adj. Variegated. 

Chan GEL, s. The herb bugloss. 

Changeling, s, A child changed 
by the fairies. 

Changerwife, 8, A female huck- 
ster. North. 

Changingly, adv. Alternately. 

Chanke, 8, An old dish in cookery. 

Chaneer, 8, A chink. Dorset, 

Chanks, 8. The under part of a 
pig's head. South. 

Channel, 8. The windpipe. 

Channer, v. To scold. North. 

Channest, V. To exchange. EjP' 

Chant, v. To mumble ; to chatter, 
as birds do. 

Chanter, «. Part of a bagpipe. 

Chantrel, 8. A decoy partridge. 

Chap, (1) «. (from A.-S. eeapian.) 
A purcbaser. 

(2) A familiar term for a com- 
?3^ A chink. 

(4) A knock. 

(5) The lower jaw of a pig. 

(6) V. To crack. 

■% m 

" -^ 

— ^.* \ 





Chap-book, s. A smaAl book sold 

by hawkers. 
Chapchurch, 8. A parish clerk. 

Chape, *. (1) The hook or metal 

part at the top of a scabbard. 

I'll make him eat the sword you spetik 
of; nay, not only the sword, but the 
hilt, the knot, the scabbard, the chape, 
the belt, and the hnckles. 

Durfey, Marriage-hater Matched. 

(2) The end of a fox's tail. 

Chapbl, «. Aprinting-hoQse, said 

to be so named from having been 

originally held in the chapel at 

Chapellb, 8. (Lat.) A chaplain. 
Chaperon, 8. A French hood. 
Chapetrel, 8. (A.'N,) The capital 

of a column. 
Chapin, 8, See Choppine, 
Chapitlb, 8. {A.'N.) A chapter. 
Chapman, 8. {A.-S, ceapman.) A 

merchant, or buver. 
Chap-money, «. Money abated or 

given back by the seller. 
Chappellet, 8. {A.'N.) A small 

Chappf.d, part, p, Chopt. 
Chappy, adj. Cleft ; gaping open. 
Chaps, *. Wrinkles. Craven. 
Chapydb, pret. t. (for e8chapyde.) 

Char, (1) «. A species of trout, 

caught in the lakes of West- 

(2) 9. To char a laughter, to 
raise a mock laugh. North, 

(3) adv. Ajar. North, 

(4) V, To hew stones. 
Char, It. A work or business. 

CHARE, J They still use the word 
in the North, where they would 
say, " That char is charred" that 
work is done. Char-woman^ a 
woman hired by the day for 
general work. 

To blush and to make honors, and (if need) 
To pule and weepe at every Hlle toy. 

As women use, next to pr^»re his weed, 
And his soft hand to chare-worJcet to 

imploy : 
He pronti in hit practise (heaven hiM 

And of his shape assumed graunt him jov. 
Qreat Britaine* Troye, 160^. 

And look that the hansrings in the 

malted room be brusht down, and the 

ehare-nooman rub the rest of the rooms. 

Bevet, The TovH Shifts, 1671. 

Charactbry, *. Writing; ex- 

CHARBOKtTL, 8, (A,'N,) A CaT- 

Chare, (1) 8. (A.-N.) A chariot. 

(2) V. To hinder. Pr. Parv, 

(3) V, To stop, or turn bade. 

(4) V, To drive away. 

(5) V, To separate chaff from 
com. South. 

(B) V. To counterfeit. North, 

(7) 8. A narrow street. Netoc, 

(8) 8. A wall-flower. 
Charely, adj. Careful ; chary. 
Charb-thursday, 8, Maundv 


Charets, 8, Chariots. 

Charge, v. {A.-N.) To wdgh, or 
incline on account of weight ; to 
weigh in one's mind. 

Charge ANT, a^. {A,'N.) Bur- 

Ca kviGiROf adj. Ornamented ; bor- 

Charge-house, 8, A paid school ? 

Do yon not educate youth at the eharge. 
house on the top of the mountain ? 

Shakesp., L. L. Lost, ▼. 1. 

Chargbous, adj. (A,'N.) Trou- 

Charger, 8, A large dish. 

Chariness, 8, Caution. 

Charitous, adj, {A.-N,) Cha- 

Chark, (1) «. To chop, or crack. 

(2) 8. A crack* North. 

(3) V. To creak. North. 

(4) V, To make charcoal. West. 




(5) V. To expose new ale in an 
open vessel until itacquiresacidity, 
and becomes clearer and sourer, 
when it is fit for drinking. Line. 

(6) 8, Small beer. Yoriah, 
Chark-coal, 8. Charcoal. 
Charles's-wain, 8, The constel- 
lation Ursa Major. 

Charlet, 8. (^J,'N.) A dish in 

Charlet. Take pork, and seeth it wel. 
Hewe it smale. Cast it in a panne. 
Brake ayrenn, and do thereto, aud 
Bwyng it wel togyder. Put thereto 
cowe mylke and safroan, and boile it 
tender. Salt it, and messe it forth. 

Forme of Cury, p. 10. 

Charlock, 8, The mustard plant. 

Charm, (1) v. (A.-N.) To utter 

musical sounds. 

Here we our slender pipes may safely 
charm. Spent. Skep. Kal., October, v. 118. 

what songs will I charm out, in praise 
of those valiantly strong -stinking 
breaths. Decker, u«ls Homb. Procem. 

(2) 8. A hum, or low murmuring 
noise. " With charm of earliest 
birds." MUton, Par. L., iv, 641. 
Hence, as birds charm together, 
it was used to mean a company 
of birds, as a charm of gold- 
finches, t. e., a flock of them. 

(3) V, To silence. 
Charmed-milk, ^8. Sour milk. 


Charmer, s. {A.-N.) A magician. 
Charn-curdle, 8. A churn-staff. 

Charneco, ^8. A sort of sweet 
charnico, j wine, made near 


Come my inestimable bullies, we'll 
talk of your noble acts in sparkling 

Puritan, act 4, Svfpl to Sh.y ii, 616. 

Ch arnel, 8. The crest of a helmet. 

Charrb, v. To return. 

Charred-drink, «. Drink turned 
sour in consequence of being put 
into the barrel before it is cold. 

Cha&rkt, (1) 8. {A.'N.) A durt, 
or chariot. 
(2) adj. Dear ; precious. North. 

Chartal, 8. {Lat. chartula.) A 
small document. 

Chartel, 8. {Fr.) A challenge. 

Chartbrer,«. a freeholder. Chesh. 

Charter-master, 8. A man who, 
having undertaken to get coals 
or iron-stone at a certain price, 
employs men under him. 

Charter-party, 8. A bill of 

Charthous, «. (J.'N.) Carthu- 
sian monks. 

Charwort. See Braekwort. 

Chary, adj. Careful ; cautious. 

Chase, {I) 8. (Fr.) A term in the 
game of tennis, the spot where a 
ball falls. 

(2) 8. A wood, or forest. 

(3) V. To enchase. Cov. Myst. 

(4) V. To pretend a laugh. North. 
Chasing. An amusement at school 

of pressing two snail-shells to- 
gether till the weaker was 
broken. The strongest is called 
the chaser. 

Chasing-spbrb, 8. A hunting*- 

Chasour, 8. (A.'N.) A hnnter. 

Chasse, 8, The common poppy. 

Chaste, (1) v. (A.'N.) To<du8tise, 
or correct 

(2) *. (A..N.) Chastity. 

(3) Trained, applied to hounds. 
Chastelain, 8. {A.'N.) The lord 

of a castle. 
Chastey, 8. (A.-N.) The chesnut. 
Chasthede, 8. Chastity. 
CHASTiE,9.(>^.-iV.)(l) Tochastise. 

(2) To chasten. 
Chastilet, 8. (A.-N.) A small 

Chastise, v. To accuse ; to ques- 

tion closely. West. 
Chat, *. (1) {A.'N.) A cat, or 


(2) A child. Devon. 

{3) A tell-tale. Devon. 




(4) A small twig; a fragment of 
anything. West. 

(5) The wheatear. Northampt, 
Chatb, 8, (1) A feast; a treat. 


(2) A sort of waistcoat. 
Crates, «. The gallows. Harmon, 
Chateus, s. {A.'N.) Chattels. 
Chats, «. (1) Catkins of trees. 


(2) Small refuse potatoes. Var,di, 

(3) Small bits of dried wood. 
The gathering of them is called 
chatting. Northampt, 

Chatsomb, adj. Talkative. Kent. 

Chatter, v. To tear; to bruise. 

Chatter-basket, 1 «. An inces- 
CHATTBR-Box, j sant talker. 

Chattbrnoul, 8. A lubber. North, 

Chattbr-pie, 8. A magpie. 

Chatter- WATER, t. Tea. 

Chattbry, adj. Stony, or pebbly. 

Chattocks, 8, Refuse wood from 
faggots. Gkmc, 

Chaucer's-jbsts, 8. Licentious- 
ness ; obscenity. 

Chaudern, 8. A sauce, or gravy. 
The chaudern for swans was 
made of the giblets boiled and 
seasoned with spices. Warner, 
Antiq. Cut., p. 65. 

Chaudron, 8. Part of the entrails 
of an animal. 

Chaufe, v. (J.'N.) To warm; 
to heat. 

Chaufere, 8. (A.'N.) A basin for 
hot water. 

Hurre thoujt that hurre chaufere the 
wliyche iras of ledde y-made. 

ChroH. Vilodun., p. 54. 

Chaufrain, 8. The head-piece of 
a horse. See Chamfron, 

Of aa asse he caught the chaule bone. 

Boch(u, 33. 
Bought also and redeemed out of the 
wolves chaws. 

Frtf. to BuUinger^s Sermons, p. 2. 

(2) V. To scold, or, as we say in 

trivial language, to jaw. 

Chaumbrb, v. To curb, or restrain, 

applied to the tongae. 

For Critias manaced and thretened 
hym, that onelesse he ehaumbreed his 
tongue in season, ther ^ouid ere long 
bee one oxe the fewer for hym. 

Apopthegmis ofBrasmuSt 16^* 

Chaumfb-bataile, t. Battle in 
the field. 

Chauncblt, adv, (J.-N.) Acci- 

Chauncbmele, \8, A sort of 


Othere spices ther ben of pride whidie 
men and women ben foonoen inne, and 
it encresith fro day to day, of dyvers 
atire about the bciili: as ofte streyte 
clothes and schorte da^^id hodis, cAoim- 
semUes disgised and teyde op strayt in 
V. or vi. stedis: women with sdiorte 
clothis unnethe to the hipes, booses and 
lokettes about the heed, and vile stvn* 
kend homes louge and brode, and otner 
dyvers atire, that I can nought witen 
ne djscryen of surche thinges. £veri 
man and woman be his owne ji^ and 
loke weel if it be nought thus. 

MS. Cantab., Utk emt. 

Chauncbp£, 8. {A.'N.) A shoeing 
horn. Pr. Part. (For ehaucep^J) 

Chaundlbr, 8, (A,-N.) A candle- 

Chaune, V, {Fr.) To gape, or 
open. Chatm, a gape or chasm. 
Chaum is still used in the same 
sense In Warwickshire. 

Chauntement, 8. Enchantment. 

Chauntre, 8. (A.-N.) A singer. 

Chavbl, 8. A jaw. See Chauk. 

Chavish, (1) 8. A chattering, or 
murmuring noise, especially of 
many birds or persons together. 
(2) adj. Peevish ; fretful. Kent. 

Chavle, v. To chew. Yorksh. 

Chaw, v. (1) To be sulky. South. 
(2) To chew in an awkward 

Chaw-bacon, s. A country clown. 

Chawcers, 8. {A.-N.) Shoes. 

Chawdpys,! ». (i^.-iVl) Thestran- 
CHAUJDPis, J gury. 




Cbeaols-oock, 8. The Senccio 

Chbancb, 8.{A,'N») Chance; turn; 

Cheap, (1) ». {AS. ceap.) A 

purchase; a bargain; a sale. 

Good cheap, a good bargain. See 


(2) Cheapside, in London. 

(3) V, To ask the price of any- 
thing. Cheapen is still used in 
this sense in Shropshire. 

Cheaps, *. Number. Weber. 

Chear. See Chere. 

Cheasil, 9, Bran. 

Cheat, 8. (1) The second sort of 
ivheaten bread, ranking next to 

(2) A linen collar, and shirt- 
front appended, to cheat the 
spectator into a belief of the 
presence of a clean shirt. 

Cheater, 8. An escheator. 

Cheaters, *. False dice. DekJter. 

Cheatry, 8. Fraud. North, 

Check, (1) v. To reproach. East. 

(2) V. When a hawk forsakes 
her proper game, and flies at 
crows, pies, or the like, she was 
said to check. 

(3) When a hound loses scent 
and stops, he is said to check. 

(4) " Boccheggidre, to play or 
checke with the mouth as some 
ill horses doe." Florio. 

(5) adv. On the same footing. 

Checked, adj. Chapped. Suffolk. 

Checker, «. {A.'N.) A chess- 

Checklaton. See Ciclatoun. 

Checkroll, 8. A roll of the names 
of the servants in a large man- 
sion. To put out of checkroll, 
to dismiss. 

Chrckstone, 8. A game played 
by children with round pebbles. 

Chee, 8. A hen-roost. South. 

Cheek, (1) v. To accuse. Line. 
(2) V. To face a person ; to have 
courage. Leic, 

(3) *. Courage ; impudence. 

Cheek-balls, 8. The round parts 
of the cheeks. North. 

Cheeks, «. Doorposts; side posts 
in general. " The cheekes or side 
postes of a crane or windbeame.'' 
Nomenclator. The iron plates 
inside a grate to reduce its size 
are also called cheeks. 

Cheeks and bars. A kind of 
head-dress, in fashion early in 
the 17th cent. 

JFV. then thou can'st tell how to help 

me to cheeks and ears. 

L. Yes, mistress, very welL 

Fl.S. Cheeks and ears! why, mistress 

Prances, want you cheeks and ears? 

metliinks you have very fair ones. 

Fr. Thou art a fool indeed. Tom, thou 

know est what I mean. 

Cit. Av, ay, Kester; 'tis such as they 

wear a their heads. London Prod., iv, 3. 

Cheek-tooth, 8. A grinder. North. 

Cheen, adj. Sprouted. Devon. 

Cheep, v. To chirp. North. 

Cheer, v. To feast or welcome 
friends. North. 

Cheering, 8. A merry-making. 

Cheerly, (1) adj. Pleasant ; well- 
(2) adv. Courageously. 

Cheerely, prince Otho, ther's such a war- 
like sight 
That would stirre up a leaden heart to fisrht. 
Tragedy of Huffman, 1(581. 

Cheese, 8. A bag of pommace from 
the cider- wring. 

Cheese and cheese. A term ap- 
plied in some parts to two fe- 
males riding on one horse, or 
kissing each other. 

Cheesb-brigs, \ 8. Two poles of 
cheese-ladder, j wood, crossed 
by two shorter ones, placed 
over a large pan of cream, to 
support the skimming bowl after 
it has been used, so that it may 
drip into the liquid below. Line. 

Cheesecake-grass, «. Trefoil. 

Cheese-crusher, 8. An instru« 
ment for crushing cheese. Leic. 




Chbese.fatt» «. A yessel in which 
the whey is passed from the curd 
in cheese making. 

Cheesb-foro, 8, The mould in 
which cheese is made. 

Chbbse-latb, t. A loft or floor to 
dry cheese on. 

Chrrsblope, «. Rennet. North. 

Cheeser, 8. The yellowhammer. 

Cheese-running, «. LadyVhed- 
straw. South, 

Chbesbs, «. (1) The seeds of the 

(2) Making chee8€8f a game 
among girls, turning round seve- 
ral times, and suddenly curtsey- 
ing low, when their clothes spread 
in a large circle round them. 

Cheeste, 8. See Cheste. 

Cheevino-bolt, 8. A linch-pin. 

Chefs, (1) v. See Cheve. 
(2) 8. A sheaf. 

Gheffbry, 8. A rent due to the 
lord of a district. 

Chbftance, 8. {A.-N.) Chieftains.' 

Chefts, 8. Chops of meat. North, 

Cheg, v. To gnaw. Northumb. 

Cheoe, 8. A frolic. Kent, 

Chegglb, v. To chew or gnaw. 

Cheho, V, To sneeze. 

Cheisbl, 8, (J.'N.) A sort of stuff. 

Of V. thinges he bitau^t hem werk. 
As to hem wald bifalle, 
Of flex, of silk, of cheiselt 
Qt porpre and of palle. 

Legend of Joachim /* Anne^ p. 152. 

Chbitif, *. (A..N.) A caitiff. 
Chek, 8. Ill fortune. 
Cbeee, (I) part, p. Choked. 

(2) Checked, in chess ; and hence 
used metaphorically. 

(3) 8, A person, or fellow. Line. 
Chekelatoun. See Cielatoun. 
Ch SKENE, V. To choke. 
C&BKERE, 8, (1) The exchequer. 

(2) The game of chess. 
Chekkefulle, 8, Quite full. 
Morte Arthure, 

Chsklbw, 1 4u{p\ Cheking; 
chokelbw, j strangling. 

Chblaundrb, 8. {J.'N.) A gold- 

Cheld, adj. (A.-S.) Cold. 

Chbldez, 8, Shields of a boar. 

Chelb, 8. {A.'S.) Cold ; chilL 

Chelinge, «. The cod-fish. Pr. P. 

Chelp, v. To chirp. NwthampU 

Chbltbred, adj. Clotted ; coagu- 
lated. North. 

Chem, 8. A team of horses. Wett. 

Chemisb, 8. A wall which lines & 
work of sandy or loose earth. 

Chene, 8, A chain. 

Chenilb, 8. {A,-N.) The henbane. 

Chborl, 8, {A.'S.) A churL 

Chef, 8, The part of a jdough on 
which the share is placed. 

Chepe, (1) V. (^.-5. cea/»iaii.) To 
buy ; to cheapen ; to trade. 

(2) 8. A market. 

(3) 8. Cheapness. 

(4) 8. A bargain. See Chevp. 

But the sack that thou hart cbnmk me 
would have boi^ht me lights en gooi 
cheap, at the dearest chandler's in 
Europe. Shakesp., 1 He». IF, iii, 3. 

Perhaps thou may'st agree belter ekeap 
now. Anon. Play of Hem. t. 

Cheper, 8. A seller. 
Chbpino,9. (.^.-5.) Market; sale: 

a market place. 
Chepster, 8. A starling. North, 
Chequer-trbe, 8, The service 

tree. The fruit is called cheqfter8. 

Chequin, 8. See Ceechm. 
Cherallt, 8. A sort of liquor. 

By your leave, sir, 1*11 tend my mister, 
and instantly be with you for a cap of 
cheraUy this not weather. 


Chercher, 8, A kerchef. 

Chercogk,*. The nustletoethmsh. 

Che RE, (1) 8. (A,'N.) Counte- 
nance; behaviour; entertainment. 

(2) «. A chair. 

(3) adj. (^.-A.) Dear. 




C&EREL, 8. A churl; a peasant. 

Cherete, "I *. (A.'N.) Dearness ; 
chert£\ /affection. 

Che RICE, V. (A.-N,) To cherish. 
Cherisance, comfort. 

Chbrke, v. To creak. Pr. P. 

Cherky, adj. Rich and dry, ap- 
plied to cheese. Northampt. 

Chbrlich, adv. (A,'N.) Richly. 

Cherlish, adj. {A.-S.) Illiberal. 

Chbrlys-tryacle, s. Garlic. 

Cherrilet, 8, A little cherry. 

Cherry, adj. Ruddy. Devon. 

Cherry-cobs, s. Cherry-stones. 

Cherry-curd-milk, 8, Beast- 
lings. Oarford. 

Cherry-curds, 8. A custard made 
of beastiings and milk boiled 
together and sweetened. North- 

Cherry-fair, 8. Cherry fairs, 
often referred to in the earlv 
writers, especially as typical of 
the transitoriness of human life, 
are still held in Worcestershire 
and some other parts, on Sunday 
evenings, in the cherry orchards. 

Thv8 worlde hyt ys fulle fekylle and frde, 
Alle day be day hyt wylle enpuyre; 

And so aone thy^ worldys weele, 
Hyt faryth but as a cheryfeyre. 

MS. Cantab., \Uh cent. 

Cherry-feast, 8. A cherry fair. 

Sumtyme I drawe into mcmoyrt 
How Borow may not ever laste^ 
A.nd 80 Cometh hope in at laste, 
Whan I non other foode knowe ; 
And that endureth but a throwe, 
Byjt as it were a chery-feste. 

Gower, MS. Soc. Antiq., t ]82 b. 

Cherry-pit, 8. A child's game, 
consisting of pitching cherry- 
stones or nuts into a small hole. 

I have loved a witch ever since I phiy'd 
ebmry-fU. Witch of Edmonton, 

Hie ill favoured visage wa» almost eaten 
through with pock-holes, so that halfe 
a parish of children might easily have 
played at cherry pit in his face. 

Fenner's Cktmpteri Com. W, in Cent. 

CHERsio,jE?ar/./?. Christened. 
Cherven, v. To writhe, or turn 

about. Pr. P. 
Chese, (1) V. (A.'S.) To choose. 

(2) pret. t. Saw. " Even til the 

hegh bord he chese." Syr 

Chesebolle, 1 . 


Chbslb-money,«. The name given 
by the country people to Roman 
brass coins found in some places 
in Gloucestershire. 

Cheslip, 8. A woodlouse. 

Chesoun,«. Reason. %tt AcJiesourit 
which is the correct form of the 

Chess, ». (1) To crack. Line. 
(2) To pile up. Yorksh. Three 
che8 chamber, three chambers 
over each other. Tovmeley Myst., 
p. 27. 

Chbssil, 8. (A.'S.) Gravel or peb- 
bles on the bhore ; a bank of sand. 

Chessner, 8. A chess-player. 

CcLEssoM, 8. A kind of sandy and 
clayey earth. 

Chest, (1) ». (Lat,) A coffin. 

(2) V. To place a corpse in a coffin. 
" Chest a dead corps with spyce 
and swete oyntmentes in a close 
coffyn. Pollincio" Huioet. 

(3) The game of chess. "The 
game at draughts or dames : some 
take it for the playe at chests.** 

(4) part. p. Chased ; pursued* 

(5) ac^. Chaste. 

Cheste, 8. (A.'S. ceast,) Strife; 

Chesteine, 1 ». (A,'N.) The 


Chester, s. One who embalms 
or places corpses in coffins. 

Chest-trap, s. A sort of trap for 
taking pole-cats, &c. 

Chet, 8. A kitten. South, 

Chetb, v. (1) To cut. 
(2) To escheat. Pr. Part, 

Chbure^v. Toworkorcto. WUts, 




Chevachie, ». {J.-N.) An expe- 
dition with cavalry. 

Chbve, v. {A.-N, cAevir.) To suc- 
ceed; to compass a thing; to 
thrive ; to obtain, adopt. Cheving, 
success, completion. 

Howsomever that it cheve. 
The knyeht takis his leve. 

Sir Degrevant, Lineoln MS. 

Scripture saith heritage holdyn wronefully 

Schal never cheve, ne with tlie thredheyr 

remayne. MS. 15M cent. 

Chevelure, t. (Fr,) A peruke. 

Chrven, «. A blockhead. North, 

Cheventeyn, «. (A.-N.) A chief- 

Chbver,«. (A.'N.) " Chevillc. The 
pin of the trukle : the cheter, or 
axe." Nomencl. 

Cheverb, p. To shiver or shake. 

Chevehil, t. {Fr,) (1) A kid. 

A sentence in but a cheveril glove to a 
good wit ; how quickly the wrong side 
may be turned outward I 

Shakesp., Twel. N., in, 1. 

(2) Kid's leather, which being of 
a very yielding nature, a flexible 
conscience was often called a 
cheveril conscience. 

Cheveron, *. {Fr.) A kind of lace. 

Chbvesaile, 8. {A.'N.) A neck- 

Chevice, ©. {A.'N.) To bear up. 

Chevisancb, *. (A.'N.) Treaty; 
agreement ; a bargain. 

Chevish, v. {A.'N.) To bargain ; 
to provide. 

Chrvorell, 8. The herb chervil. 

Chewbn, v. To eschew. 

Chewer, 8. A narrow passage or 
road between two houses. ** Go 
and sweep that chewer" We9t. 

Chewet, 8. A sort of pie. 

Chevoetes on flesshe day. Take the lire 
of pork, and kerre it al to pecys, and 
liennes tlierewithj and do it in a panne, 
and Irye it, and make a coflfyn as to a 
pye, smalo, and do therein ne, and do 
therenppon ^olkes of ayren, harde, pow- 
der of ^ynger, and salt. Cover it, and 
fryc it in grece, other bake it wel, and 
sei-ve it forth. Forme of Curt/, p. 82. | 

Chew&s, 9. (a corrupt form of 
chare.) A task, or business. It is 
still used in Devon. 

Here's two ckewret ekewr^d; when wisdom 

is employed 
»Ti8 ever thus. B. #• Fl., Lovers Cure, iii. 8. 

Chewree-rino, V, To assist ser- 
vants. Wilts. 
Chbtlb, 8. Cold. For chele. 

For many a way y have y-goo, 
In huneur. thurste, eheyle, and woo. 
MS. Cantai., FC ii, S8. 

Chez, v. To choose. North. 
Chibbals, 8. {A.'N.) Small onions. 
Chibble, v. To chip, or break off 

in small pieces. Northan^t. 
Chibe, 8. A kind of onion. North. 
Chick, «. A small portion. Estex. 
Chiche, {l)adj. {A.'N.) Niggardly; 

sparing. Chiche-faced^ lean faced. 

(2) 8. {A.'N.) A dwarf pea or 

vetch. " Pease chichet, or chich- 

pea8on." Nomenclat. 
Chichelinos, 8. Vetches. North, 
Chick, (1) v. To germinate. 

(2) V. To crack. 

(3) 8. A crack, or flaw. East. 

Chickell,«. Thewheatear. Devon. 

Chickenchow,«. Asvring. North. 

Chicken's-meat, a. A name ap- 
plied to chick-weed, to the en- 
dive, and to dross corn. 

Chickerino, 8. The cry of the 

Chick-peas, 8. Chiches. 
Chiddlen8,«. Chitterlings. Wilts. 
Ci3.iiiK,v.{\) {A.-S.) To wrangle; 

to quarrel. 

(2) To make an incessant noise. 
Chid HAM-WHITE, s, A species of 

corn much cultivated in Sossez* 
Chid-lamb, 8. A female Iamb. 
Chiel, 8. A young fellow. North, 
Chiertee, «. See Cheret^. 
Chieve, (1) V. See Cheve. 

(2) " Apejv, stamen, the chieve or 

litle threds of flowers, as in gillo- 

fers, lillies." Nomencl, 

A female scold. 




Chifb, 8. A fragment. Suffolk. 

Chig, (1) t). To chew. North, 
(2) 8. A quid of tobacco. 

Chike, 8. {A,-S.) A chicken. 

Chilbladder, 8. A chilblain. 

Child, *. (1) {A.-S.) A youth 
trained to arms ; a knight. 
(2) A girl. Devon. So Shakesp.^ 
Winter'8 Tale, iii, 3, "A boy or 
a child, I wonder." » 

Childage, 8. Childhood. East. 

Childs, v. (A.'S.) To be delivered 
of a child. 

Childkrmas,«. Innocents' day. 

Child-grred, adj. {A.-S.) Of 
childish manners. 

Chiloing, (1) 8. Bringing forth a 
child. Childing-woman, a breed- 
ing woman. 
(2) adj. Productive. 

Childly, adj. Childish. 

Childness, 8. Childishness. Shak. 

Child-of-the-people, 8. A bas- 

Child RE, plur. of child. {A.-S.) 

Child's-part, 8. A child's portion. 

Not 80 sick, sir, but I hope to have a 
child's part by your last wjU and testa- 
ment. Hist, of Thomas Stukcly, 1605. 

Childwit, 8. A fine paid to the 

Saxon lord when his bondwoman 

was unlawfully got with child. 
Chile, 8. A blade of grass. Leic. 
Chfll, (1) ». A co)d. Dorset, A 

cold shaking fit. East. 

(2) V. To take the chill off liquor. 
Chillery, adj. Chilly. Kent. 
Chilver, *. (1) An ewe-sheep. 


(2) Tiie mutton of a maiden sheep. 

Chimbe, 8. (A.-S.) The prominent 

part of the stavQS beyond the 

head of a barrel. 
CHiMBLE,t;. To gnaw. Chimblings, 

bits gnawed off. Bucks. 
Chimbr, v. {A.'S.) To shiver. 
Chimicke, 8, A chemist. Florio. 

Chiming, 8. A kind of light we 

perceive when we wake in the 

night or rise suddenly. 
Chimingness, 8. Melodiousness. 
Chimley, *. A chimney. 
Chimney, *. {A.-N.) A fire-place. 
Chimney-sweeps, 8. The black 

heads of the planta^o lanceolata. 

C^iMP, *. A young shoot. Dorset, 
Chimpings, *. Grits. North. 
Chimy, 8. (from Fr. chemi8e.) A 

Chin-band, 8. A lace to fasten 

the hat or cap under the chin. 
Chinbowdash, 8. The tie of the 

cravat. Dorset. 
CuiNCHB, (1) adj. (A.'N.) Miserly^ 

(2) *. A miser. Chyncfierde. 

Chinchbl, 8. A small hammer. 

Chincherib, 8. Niggardness. 
Chinchone,«. The herb groundsel. 
Chin-clout, *. A sort of muflSer. 
Chin-cough, 8, The hooping- 
Chine, (1) s. A chink or cleft. 

(2) 8. A kind of salmon. 

(3) 8. Same as chimbe. Chine- 
hoop, the extreme hoop which 
keeps the end,s of the staves to- 

CHiNED,jpar/.jp. Broken in the back. 
Chinglk, 8. Gravel ; shingle. East. 
Chink, (\) s. A chaffinch. West. 

(2) *. Money. 

(3) V. To cut into small pieces. 

(4) V. To loosen or separate earth 
for planting. 

(5) 8. A sprain on the back. East. 
Chioppine. See Choppine. 
Chip, (1) r. To break, or crack, as 

an egg, when the young bird 
cracks the shell. North. 
(2) V. To cut bread into slices. 
Chipping8, fragments of bread; 
chipping-knife, a knife to c^t 
bread with ; chipper t the person 
who cuts bread. 




(3) V. To trip. Norih, 

(4) 9. The cry of the bat. 

(5) Chip in porridge, a thing of 
no avail, neither good nor bad. 

Chipper, v. To chirp. East. 
Chip-up, v. To recover. East, 
Chirchb, g. (A.'S.) A church. 
Chirk, (1) v. To feast, or make 

_ • 

What tbo' he ehire* on pure manchet 

While kind client grinds on black or 

browne. Hall, Satires, book ii. 

(2) 8, A blade of grass or of any 

Chiristanb, 8. A cherry-stone. 
Chirk, v. {A.-S.) To chirp. 
Chirmb, 9. (1) A charm, or noise. 

Heywoody 1556. 

(2) The melancholy under-tone 

of a bird previous to a storm. 

Chirre, v. {J.'S. ceorian.) To 

chirp. HerricJc, 
Cms, pret. t, of chese. Chose. 
Chisan, 1 «. A dish in old 
CHTSANNE, J cookcry. 

Chisan. Take hole roches, and tencbys, 
or plays, but choppe hom on paces, and 
frie hom in oyle ; and take crusies of 
bredde, and draw bom with wyn and 
vynegur, and bray fygges, and drawe 
hom tberwith ; and mynce onyons, and 
frie hom, and do tlierto, and blaunched 
almondes fried, and raisinges of corunce, 
and ponder of clowes, and of ginger, und 
of cauelle, and let bit boyle, then do thi 
fissb in a faire vessel! e, and poure tbi 
sewe above, and serve hit forthe colde. 
Warner, Jntiq. Culin., p. 70. 

Chisb, 8. A small quantity. ** I 
wish I had put a chise more salt 
into the links,'' was said by a 
Bury housewife. Suffolk, 

Chisel, 8. Bran ; coarse flour. 

Chisellt, adj» Brittle; chippy. 

Chisket, 8. Cheese-cake. Leic. 

Chissom, V, To germinate. West, 

Chistb, 8, (Lot.) A chest. 

Chit, (1) v. To germinate. 

(2) 8. The first sprouts of any- 

(3) 8, A forward child. 

(4) adj. Diminutive. 

(5) " Chyts in the face lykennto 
wartes.'' Htdoet, 1552. 

Chite, V, (A,'N,) To scold. 

Chitrb, v. To chirp. 

Chitsfacb, 8, A baby-face. See 


Now, now, you little witch, now you 
ehit^ace. Otway, Soger's Forimne, lt81. 

Chitt, 8, A kind of bird. 
Chitter, (1) 9. To shiver, or 

(2) V, To chirp. Palsgrave, 

(3) adj. Thin, folded up, applied 
to a thin and furrowed face. 

Chitterlings, 8, (1) The small 

(2) The frills at the breast of a 
shirt ; any ornamental fringe. 

(3) The intestines of a pig linked 
in knots and boiled. 

A bi^gise: some call it a eldtterUng: 
some a hogs harslet. Nomeud., 1 &bo. 

(4) Sprouts from the stems of 
coleworts. Northampt, 

Chitters, 8. Part of the giblets or 

entrails of a goose. North. 
Chittyfaced, adj. Baby-faced; 

Chival, *. (Fr.) A horse. 
Chivel, 8. A small slit or rent. 

Chivers, 8. The small fibres at 

the roots of plants. 
Chivks, (1) 8. {Fr.) Chits of 

grass. Leic. 

(2) The threads or filaments 

rising in flowers, with seeds at 

the end. 
Chivin6-bao, 8. A horseman's 

Chivy, v. To pursue. 
CfiiZRN, V. To munch. lAne. 
Chizzly, adj. Hard} harsh and 

dry. EobL 




Choaking-pie, ». A trick played 
on a sluggish sleeper, by hold- 
ing a piece of lighted cotton to 
his nose. 

Choak-peaR) 8. A cant term for a 
small piece of copper money. 

Choane, 8. A small fracture. 

Choaty, adj. Chubby. Kent. 

Chobbins, 8. Grains of unripened 
wheat left in the chaff. 

Chock, (1) 8, A part of a neck of 
(2) 8. A piece of wood. North. 

Chocrling, 8. Scolding. Exmoor. 

Choc kly, adj. Choky ; dry. Sussex. 

Chockon, v. To jingle the glasses 
together in drinking. 

Come, nephew, all of xa chockon, 
chockon, to an absent friend, ha, hum ; 
you know — no more to be said. {They 
dash their glasses.) 

Shadwell, The Scowrers, 1691. 

Chocky, adj. Ridgy ; full of holes ; 

uneven. Northampt. 
Chode, pret. t. of chide, 
Choff, adj. Stern ; morose. Kent. 
Choffe, 8. A churl. See Chuffe. 
Chogs, 8. The cuttings of hop 

plants in spring. South, 
Choile, V, To overreach. Yorksh. 
Chokes, 8, The throat. Northumb. 
Chokke, V, (A,'N.) To push 

Chol, 8. (A.'S,) The jole ; jaws ; 

properly, that part extending 

from beneath the chin and throat 

from ear to ear. 
Choler,«. Soot. North. 
Cholicky, adj. Choleric. East. 
Chollbr, 8. A double chin. North. 
Cholt-hbaded, adj. Stupid. 
Chomp, v. To chew; to crush. 

Chon, v. To break. 
Chonce, v. To cheat. Devon. 
Chongy, v. (J.-S.) To change. 
Chooner, v. To grumble. Lane. 
Choore, 8. Thirty bushels of flour 

or meal. Liber Niger Edw. IV, 
Choobt, V. To work, or char. 

Choosing-sticr, s. a divining- 
rod. Somerset. 

Chop, (1) ». {J.-S.) To exchange, 
or barter. **Choppe and chaunge. 
Mercor." Huloet. 

(2) To flog. Essex. 

(3) To meet accidentally. North. 

(4) To put in. North. 
Chopcherry, 8. A game with 

Chopchurches, 8. Secular priests 

who exchanged their benefices 

for gain. 
Chop-loggbrhead, s. a great 

blockhead. East, 
Chop-logick, 8. A person who is 

very argumentative. 
Chopper, «. (1) A cheek of bacon. 


(2) A sharp fellow. Devon, 

Choppine, "I s.{l){Span.chapin.) 

CHioppiNE, I A high clog or clog 

CHAPiN, I patten, of cork or 

CHOPEEN, J light framework, 

covered with leather or metal, 

and worn under the shoe. They 

were commonly used in Spain 

and in Venice, but in England 

only in masquerades. 

By'r lady, your ladyship is nearer to 
heaven than when I saw you last, by 
the altitude of a chioppine. 

ShaJcesp.t Rami., ii, 3. 

The Italian in her high chopeene. 
Heyw., Challenge of Beauty, act 6 

— I am dull— some music — 
Take my ehapins off. So, a lusty strain. 
Massinger, Benegado, i, 2 

(2) (Fr.) A quart measure. North 

Chopping, o/f/. Large; lusty. 

Chopse, v. To abuse. Northan^t. 

Chore, s. A narrow passage be- 
tween two houses. See Chewer. 

Chork, adj. Saturated with water. 

Chorle, 8. A churl. 

Chorton, 8. Tripe made from the 
calf 8 stomach. Leic. 

Choses, s. Excuses. Phanpton 
Corr., p. 198. 




Choslinot!», 8. Chosen people. 
Choule,«. (1) A jaw. North, See 


(2) The crop of a bird. 
Chountino, f. QnarrcUing. Exm. 
Chountish, attj. Surly. Devon. 
Choups,!. Hips, the fruit of briars. 


ChOUSB, 1 (j^ ^ rj,^ ^^^^^ 
CH0W8E, J ^ ' 

(2) 9. The act of cheating. 

(3) 8. A person easily cheated. 

Chousle, v. To munch. Line. 

Chout, 8. A frolic, or merry- 
making. Ea8t. 

-Choux, 8. (jFV.) a part of a lady's 
head-dress. See Cabbage. 

A ckoux is the round boss behind the 
licad, resitmbling a cabbnge, and the 
IVcnch accordint;ly so nnniu it. 

Laiiies* Dictionary, 1694. 

ChovIc, V. {A.'N.) To sweep. 

Chovelinos, 8. Husks or refuse 
from rats or mice. Leic. 

Chovy, 8. A small beetle. East, 

Chow, v. To grumble. North. 

Chowder, 8. A fish-seller. Devon, 

Chowfinged, 8, A stupid fellow. 

Chowrb, V, To grumble or mut- 
ter. Still used in Somerset. 

But when the crabbed nurce 
Beginnes to chide and chovcre. 

TurbenWs Ovid, 1567, f. 122. 

Chowter, V, To grumble. Devon. 
Chrinsib, 8, A sort of drinking 

Tills hot weather causes people to be 
tliirsty, insomuch that there will \ui 
great employment for noKgins, whiskins, 
chrinsies, cans, tankarus, black-jacks, 
and such like implements of husbandry ; 
with any one of which, if a man follow 
his work hard, he may get drunk before 
night, if he's a good (or if you please b 
bad) husband in the morning. 

Poor Robin, 1740. 

CHRisoiitB,«. {A,'N.) (1) In Popish 
times the white cloth set by the 
minister upon the head of a child 
newly anointed with chrism after 

his btplum ; but afterwards talMi 
for the white cloth put upon the 
child newly chrtstesed, in token 
of baptism, and with whtck the 
women used to sbroiid the child if 
dying within the month. Hence 
the term ehrisoms was applied 
to children dying within the 
month of birth. 

(2) In some parts of Englaiid, a 
calf killed before it is a moBth 
old was called a chrisom-calt 

Chrisqmb, 1 8, The oil with which 
CRTSUMB, > children were auoinw 
oaiSMB, J ed when baptized. 

Christ-oross, a. The alphabet; 
because, in the old horn-books 
for teaching it to children, the 
letters of the alphabet were pre- ^ 
ceded by a cross. Sometimes 
called Chri8i-cro88-row, 

Christendom,*. A christian name. 

Christian-horses, «. Sedan 
chairmen. Newe, 

Christing-dat, 9. ChiisteniDg 

I thinke if the midwffb were put to her 
oath, I WAS wrapt in here o' th' dnisi- 
ingday. Wine, Beere, Ale, and 2biMtv, 
contending for Superiority^ 1630. 

Christlings, 8, A amall sort of 
plum. Devon. 

Christmas, «. Holly, with whick 
houses are decorated at Christ- 

Christmas-boxes, 8, Boxes car- 
ried by poor men at Christmas to 
solicit money, whence the modem 
use of the word. 

Christmas-lobo, 8, The lord of 

Christ-tide, 8. Christmas. 

Chub, 8. A rough country down. 

Chubbt, adj, (1) Pat. 
(2) Surly ; angry. Ent. 

Chuck, (1) v. To toss ; to throw. 
(2) 8, A hen. Craven, 
?3) «. A term of endearment 
(4) a. .A sea-shelL Nwrth, 




(h) 9. A great chip. Sufsea^, 
Chucker, adv, CosUy. Sussex, 
Chuckers, 8. Potions of ardeat 

spirits. North. 
Chuckfarthino, 8. A game 

played with iiioii«y. 
Chuck-full, ^adj. Quite fall. 

CHOKE-FULL, j Warw. 
Chuckle, v. To exult inwardly. 
Chuckle-head, «. A fool. Var.di, 
Chucks,*. (1) The cheeks. 2>et;on. 

(2) Grains pinched in the hi^k. 

(3) Large chips of wood. Suss, 
Chud, 0. To champ or chew. 
Chuet, 8, Minced meat. See 

Chuff, (1) ad/. Sullen ; churlish ; 

(2) #. A cheek. Cotgrave, 

(3) adj. Conceited; childishly 
pleased. Leic. 

Chuffe, s. a terra of reproach or 
contempt, usually applied tq 
miserly fellows. 

And now the lustfuU cki^e was come to 
■mgle out his game. 

Warner's ^Ibions England, 1592. 

A fat chufe it was (I remember), with 
a greybeard cut short to the stumps, as 
though it were grymde, and a nuge 
worme- eaten nose, like h cluster of 
grapei, lianjfing downwards. 

JViwA, Pierce Penilessc, 1592. 

Troth, sister, I heard you were married to 
a very rich chuff. 

Honest Wh., 0. PI., iii, 256. 

Chuffy, adj. (1) Fat and fleshy. 
(2) Blunt; surly. 

Chulle, v. To bandy about ; used 
in MSS. of the 14th cent. 

Chum, (1) «. A bedfellow. 

(2) V. To chew tobacco. Miege. 

Chummin6-up, 8, A ceremony 
practised in prisons on the arri- 
val of a new comer, who is wel- 
comed with the music of old 
swords and staves, for which he 
is expected to pay his admission 

• to their company. 

Chump, 8, A log of wood. 

Chvmpt, adj. Snail; sttmted. 
Chums, s. The smallest fragments 

of brick used by masons. 
Chun, «. A profligate woman. 

Crunch, adj. Sulky. Xtnc. 
Chunk, «.(1) Alogof wood. JTeti/. 

(2) A trunk of a tree. North- 

(3) V, To chuck one under the 
chin. Kent, 

Chunkings, s. The stump of a 
tree left in the ground after the 
tree is cut down. IMe, 

CHUNTEa, 1 To complain! to 
chunner, V hi 

chunder, J ^ 

Church-ale, s, A feast in com- 
memoration of the dedication of 
a church. 

Church-clerk, s, A parish-clerk. 

Churche-gano, 8, Church-going. 

Churchhaw, 1 ». {A.'S.) A 
chyrchk-haye, J church-yard. 

Churching, s. The church-ser-. 
vice. East. 

Church-litten, *. A church-yard, 
or burial ground. "When he 
come into that ehirche4yttoun 
tho." Chron. Vilodun, Still used 
in West Sussex. 

Church-masters, s, Churchi 
wardens. North. 

Church-reve,«. {A.-S,) a church- 

Church-scot, s. Payment or con- 
tribution to the church. 

Church-stile, «. A pulpit. iVior^A. 

Church-town, s. A village near 
the church. South. 

Churchwarden, s, A cormorant. 

Churchwort, s. Pennyroyal. 

Churer, 8, An occasional work- 
woman. Comuf. 

Churl, s. The wallflower. Shropsh, 

Churl's-trbacle, 8. Garlic. 

Churl Y, adj. (1) Rough, applied 
to weather. Yorks?u 




(2) Stiff; cloddy; applied to 
»oil. Leic. 
CeuRN-DASHt 9, Tbc staff of a 

churn. North, 
Churn EL, »» An enlargement of 
the glands of the neck. North. 

Churn-gotting, «. A. harvest* 
supper. North. 

Churn - milk, », Buttermilk. 

Churn -SUPPER, a. In some parts 
of the country it is customary for 
the farmers to give an entertain- 
ment to their men at the close 
of the hay-harvest ; this is called 
the churn-supper. At these sup- 
pers the masters and their fami- 
lies attend and share in the 
mirth. The men mask them- 
selves, dress in a grotesque man- 
ner, and are allowed the privilege 
of playing jokes on their em- 
ployers, &c. 

Churre, 8. A kind of bird. Arch., 
xiii, 350. 

Churring, 9. The noise made by 
a partridge in rising. 

Churty, 9. Rocky soil. Kent. 

Chuse, r. {A,'S.) To reprehend; 
to find fault ; to accuse. 

Ch use-but, V, To avoid. North- 

Chuserel, 9, A debauched fellovr. 

Chute. 9. A hilly road. Wight. 

Chute-lamb. 9. A fat Iamb. ^lut. 

Chwot. adj. Dressed. Somenet. 

Chymbe, *. {A.'S.) A cymbaL 

Chymmer, 9. A crown cut down 
the middle, formerly used by 
persons of rank. 

Chtmol, 9. A hinge. 

Chtn, 9. The chine, or back. 

Chtppe. r. To carp at, 

Chtvelex, r. To become sbri- 

Cicely, a. Cow parsley. North. 

CiCHLiNG, *. Yetche^. North. 

CiciLUk, t. The name of a liartce. 

CiCLATOUK, 1 9. {A,~N. 9igU' 


CHBKBLATOUN, J ttuff brOOght 

from the East ; the name is Ara- 
bic. In the 16th cent, the name 
appears to have been given to t 
sort of gilt leather. 

Lef on me ant be my wife, ful wd the nai 

Auiiti<^e aot Asie scaltoa han to roede; 
CielatoHH ant purpel pal scaltoa hare to 

Wid alle the metes of my lond fol «d I 

seal the fede. Legend of St. Meurgwret. 

But in a jacket, quilted richly rare. 
Upon ekecklaUmAx^ was strangely dight. 
Speng^ F. q., VI, vii, 4S. 

CiDDLB, V. To tickle. KetU, 

CiDB, V. To decide. South. 

CiDRRAGB, 9. The herb arsmart 

CiDBRKiN, 9. The liquor made 
from the apples after the cider is 
pressed out. 

CiBRGES, 9. (A.'N.) Wax tapers. 

CiMBicK, 9. [a.'N.) A miseiiy fel- 

CiMiCE, 9. {ftoL) A wall-louse. 

CiMiss, 9. (Lat. ccmeur.) A bug. 

CiNCATER, 9. {Fr.) A man in his 
fiftieth vear. 

ClNDRR-WBNCHB9, 9. Girls who 

collected or carried cinders and 

ashes from houses. 
CiNGLET, 9. A waistcoat. North. 
CiNGULAR, 9. A wild boar in his 

fifth vear. 
CiNOPER, 9. Cinnabar. 
CiNQUE-PACB, 9. A dancc, the stei)S 

of which were r^ulated by the 

number five. 

We had not oieasiired three ctafiitf- 
jk«<v«. but ve met with one that eauie a 
iar greater pace tovards oa. 

MotHey, Semrdkfor Jiomey, lfl09. 

CiNQCE-poRT, 9. (Fr.) A sort of, with five entrances, 

CiNQUETALK, 9. A quintal. 

CiPE, 9. A large basket. Berh9. 

Cippus, a. Tlie stocks or pillory. 

CiPRESS, 9. A sort of fine gauze or 
crai>e, for wearing round a wo- 
man's neck. 




CiRCLiNO-BOY, 8, A roaring boy. 

CiRcoT, a. A surcoat. 

CiRCUDRiE, s. See Surquidrie. 

Circuit, a, A circle or crown. 

Circumbendibus, a. A circuitous 
roundabout way. 

CiRCUMCiDE, V. (Lai.) To cut off. 

Circumstance, «. Conduct; de- 
tail. Sfiakeap, 

CiRNE, a. The lote-tree. 

Cist, «. (1) A chest. 
(2) A cess-pool. South. 

CiTEE, *. {A.-N.) A city. 

Citizen, adj. Town-bred ; delicate. 

Citole, a. {A.'N.) A stringed mu- 
sical instrument. Citolera, per- 
sons who played on citoles. 

Citte, v. (A.'S.) To cut. 

Cittern, a. A musical instrument, 
like a guitar, used much by bar- 
bers. Cittern-headed, ugly. 

For grant the moet barbers can play on the 
B. Jon., Vision of Delight, vol. vi, p. 22. 

CivE, V. (A.-N.) To result. See 

CiviT, adj. Perfumed. 

Yea, this same silken, golden, cyvit whore, 

Is roguish, ragged, and most pockey poore. 

Rowlands, Knave of Harts, 1613. 

CiVERY, a. A partition or compart- 
ment in a vaulted ceiling. 

Civil, adj. Sober ; grave. 

CiviTY, a. (Lat. civitaa.) A city. 

Cl AAS, adj. Close ; tight. Yorkah. 

Clabby, adj. Worm-eaten, applied 
to carrots. Northampt. 

Cl AC K, ( 1 ) ». The clapper of a mill. 

(2) a. The sucker of a pump. 

(3) V. To snap with the fingers. 

(4) a. A kind of small windmill 
placed on the top of a pole, which 
turns with the wind, and makes a 
clapping noise, to frighten birds 

(5) a. A contemptuous name for 
a woman's tongue. 

(6) a, A tale-bearer. 

(7) V. To cut the sheep's mark 
from wool, which made it weigh 
less, and thus diminished the 


Clack-box, a. The mouth. Eaat. 
Clack-dish,! 9. A dish or box 
clap-dish, J with a moveable lid, 

formerly carried by beggars to 

attract notice, and bring people 

to their doors, by the noise it 

Cl ACKER, ") #. A rattle to drive 
clacket, j birds from the corn, 
Cladde, adj. Armed. Sir TVw- 

Cladder, a. A general lover, one 

who wanders from one object to 


A. Two inns of court men. B. Yes, what 

then? A. Knovfu cladders. 
Through all the town. B. Cladders! A. 

Yes, catholic lovers, 
From country madams to your glover's 

Or laundress. City Match, 0. P., ix, 298. 

CLAFE,/»ar/. j9. Cleft. 

Clag, V, To stick, or adhere. 
Claggy, iticky. North. Women's 
petticoats, when dirtied with 
walking, are said in Northamp- 
tonshire to be clagg*d. 

Clagger, a, A well-timed remark. 

Claggum, 1 Treacle made 

CLAG-CANDY, j hard with boil- 
ing. North. 

Clag-locks, a. Locks of wool 
matted together. Eaat. 

Clags, «. Bogs. North. 

Claiket, a. A puddle-hole. Oafd. 

Claim, v. {Lat. clamare.) To cry 

Stryke them, also, with madnes, blynd- 
nes, and woodnes of myude, that thay 
may palpe and clayme, also handle as 
blynde men dothe in darknes. 

State Papers, ii, 218. 

Claim-up, pari. p. Overloaded, 
applied to a mill ; pasted up, as 
a placard against the wall North. 




Clairg, ». To bedaub. North, 
Claity, adj. Dirty. Cumb. 
Clakb, v. To scratch. North, 
Clam, (1) v. To emaciate; to be 
starved. East. 

Now barkes the wolfe against the tu31 

clieekt moone, 
Now ]yons halfe-clam'i entrals roare for 

Now croaks tlte toad, and night erowes 

screec}i aloud, 
fhittering 'bout Casements of departing 

Now gapes the graves, and through their 

yawnes let loose 
loiprisoird spirits to revisit earth. 
Second Fart of Antomo and MelHda, 16S3. 

(2) V. To pinch. North. 
?3) V. To choke with thirst. 

(4) V, To clog up. fVest. 

(5) V, To stick to. 

(6) s. Clamminess. East. 
(7)«. Any adhesive, viscous mat- 

(8) 8. A slut. East. 

(9) V. To snatch ; to shut. Line. 

(10) r. To rumple. Devon. 

(11) v. To muffle a bell; to ring 
irregularly or out of tune. 

(12) *. A rat-trap. South. 

(13) 8. A kind of shell-fish. 

(14) 9. A stick placed across a 
stream. West. 

(15) V. To castrate a bull or ram 
by compression. North. 

(16) r. To daub ; to glue. North. 
Clam, ^pret. t. Climbed; pL 

CLAMB, J ctamben, 

^cla-mm:;.}"- To climb. 

Clambersc CLL, a. Very strong ale. 

CLAitlE, (1) V. To attach with glu- 
tinous matter ; to spread butter 
upon bread. North. 
(2) V. {Lat.) To call. 
(3; «. A call. 

(4) 8. An iron hook, to bind 
stonework together horizontally. 

(5) V. (J.'N.) To challenge. 
Clammas, (1) V. To climb. North. 

(2) f . A clamour. North. 

Clammkrsoice, adj. Clamoroin; 

greedy. North. 
Clamp, (1) v. To tread heavily. 

(2) V. To fit a piece of board at 
right angles to the end of asMAher 

(3) 8. A large fire of anderwocd. 

(4) 8. A pit or mound lined with 
straw to keep potat6ies, &c., 
through tlie winter. Eaai. 

(5) 8, A rude sort of brick-liln. 

Clamps, s. Andirons. North. 
ClAMs, 8. (ly A pincer fof pnffihg 

up thistles and weeds. NoY^th. 

(2) A rat-trap, made like a man- 
trap. Suss. 
ClanCh, t. to snatch at. Line. 
Clancular, adj. (Lat.) Chnrdes- 

Clano, v. To tai voraeionsly. 

Clank, s. A set, or series. Leie. 
Clanker, 8, A severe beating. 

Clanlichb, a€^. {A.-S^) Cleanly. 

CtanneSj purity, chastity. 
Clans, s. Cows' afterbirth. Leie. 
Clansy, v. {A.'S. ckensian.) To 

Clant, v. To claw. North. 
Clap, v. (1) To place to, or apply. 

(2) V. To strike. 

(3) s. A blow. 

(4) V. To fondle, to pat. Nortk 

Urawhile the childe sowked hir pappe ; 
Umwhile ganne tbay kysse ahd elame. 

MS. Line., tm. 

(5) V. To sit down. 

(6) *. The lip, or t6ngne. J^eit 

(7) adj. Low; marshy. Bast. 

(8) s. The lowef pdrt of the beak 
of a hawk. 

Clap-board, 1 ff. Board ctii for 
CLAPHOLT, j making casks. 

Clap-bread, 1 «. Cake made of 
CLAP-CAKE, j oatmeal, rolled thin 
and baked hard. 

Clap-oish, «. See Claci-di»L ' 




Clap-door, #. The lower half of a 

door divided in the middle. 
Claper, v. To chatter. Oxon. 
Clapered, part. p. Splashed with 

Clap-gate, a. A small horse-gate. 

Clappe, (l)t;.(y^.-S'.) To talk fast. 

(2) 8. Talk. 
Clapper, *. (1) The tongue. 

(2) (A.-N.) A rabbit burrow. 

(3) A child's plaything. '*Gew- 
gawes for children to playe and 
make sport withall, as rattels, 
clappers, &c." Nomenclator. 

(4) A door-knocker. Mirisheu. 

(5) A plank laid across a 
stream to serve as a bridge. 
Var. di. 

Clapper-claw,». To beat roughly. 

Clapp:br.1)uDo£on, "1 «. A cant 
clapper-dougkon, J term for a 
beggar, probably derived from the 
custom of clapping a dish. 

See in their rags then, dancing for your 

Onr clapper-dvdffeons, and their walkhig 

morts. Jovial Crew, 0. P., x, 372. 

Clappino-post, *. The gate-post 
against which the gate closes. 
Clapse, v. To clasp. 
Clap-stile, s. A stile, the hori- 
zontal ledges of which are move- 
Claranbr, 9. A clarinet. 
Clarent, adj. Smooth. Devon, 
Claret. See Clarry. 
Claretee, 8. {A.-N.) Brightness. 
Claricord, ^ 8. {A.'N.) A musi- 
CLARicoL, I cal instrument in 
clarishoe, I form of a spinet, 
CLARico, J containing from 
thirty-five to seventy strings. 
Clarion, s. (A.-N.) A sort of 
small-mouthed and shrill-sound- 
ing trumpet. 
Clarrt, I 8. {A.'N. claTr4, clar^.) 
CLARRE, V Wine made with grapes, 
ClarilT, J huaey, and aromatic 

spices. The name was af^tfrwards 

given to wine mixed with honey 

and spices, and strained. 
Clart, (1) V. To spread, or smear. 

Clarty, muddy, dirty. Clarty' 

papi, a dirty sloven. 

(2) 8. A daub. 
Clahy, v. To make a loud shrill 

noise ; to play on the clarion. 
Claryne, v. To clear, or clarify. 
Clash, v. (1) To bang anything 

about. North. 

(2) To gossip. North. Clashme- 

saunter, a tiresome teller of 

Clashy, adj. Foul ; rainy. North, 
Clasper, 8. A tendril. Oxon, 
Clasps and keepers. Fastenings 

for the shoes of children, and for 

other purposes. 
Clat, (1) ». A clod of earth. 

(2) V. To break the clods or 
spread dung on a field. West. 

(3) V. To cut the dirty locks of 
wool off sheep. South. 

(4) 8. Cow-dung. West. 

(5) 9. To tattle. 

(6) s. A dish in ancient cookery. 
Clatch, 8. A brood of chickens. 


Clatk, 8. (I) A wedge belonging 
to a plough. Chesh, 
(2) A practice among school 
and other boys before the com- 
mencement of a game in which 
two parties are interested, to 
decide which party is to begin or 
have the first innings. 

Clathbrs, 8. Clothes. West, 

Clats, 8. Slops ; spoon victuals. 

Clatter, (1) «. Noise; idle talk. 
(2) V, To let out secrets. 

Clattbrfert, 8. A tale-teller. 
" Clatterer, or clattetfart, which 
wyl disclose anye light secreat^, 
Loqtuxx.** Huloet. 

Clatty, adj. Dirty ; slovenly. Line, 

Qlauch, v. To claw. Yorksh. 

Claucks, V, To snatch. Line. 




CL.%n»»iL A lixtdi. or fence. Xv^JL 
Clacdicatk. t. -LU.] To L^up: 

CO xo lame. 
Cl.%cgkt. prtt. t, Sanzcbisd ac. 

Claum. r. To icrape tocecher. Lne. 
Cl^OiTH. v. T) v^lk .az:lT. £o^. 
Clause.*. j/.-.V A conirl^uuoc. 
t.'Lj>r«Tvm. j: LifT. A e otscer. 
Cljlzt. I r. To lororca. or ceir. 

2 «. The axarsa nnoscnlja.. 

Cl^ty. jl The part of small ba- 

.lacea by wanrh ..le^ at- Iindii la^ 

Cu.nL- ' t. A Tt.nitfL-puit.'tt- 

CLATT. / Wilt. C^swC-^jcx. iiie 

CLjLTKa, ,1 r- T; »::_:::- .Vjr;.L 
2 ?- To vaji:!*? -jv ulAiii^. .Vjrri 


CL>%.rT-rACK- JL A ki;". £jrm:*jr. 
Clav. I r. Tj kx:^: u :xi.e 
AjriT »>:i)«i:!«. .Vjrr.i. 

^- r To Jir-T fxT:«rr. .V;r:L 
,3 JL A icur:^ zttr. ccxrjr. 

Cuiw-mACK. 1 JL A iii:<!rar. 

riitf :*"*L » a g L ig af lij -vja iiiri Txali 

"SI' ".es :^ «n .tr 
ri J "T-jiQit* :j » *sw. i3i£ SrvTiCL.'a ^« 

^wtjr't ^'.fi..«j £i.jT'teiixl ^iJ£. 

A3i£ I'Ls 3i«rILH«nm :r a»il7 -ret*. 

v^^fCL ciKu^r J. 1.01. u <;rf ri.uii 
xwa 1-31. JTS* "uuf i»:«r *i«i» i. 

.£■■ ima Jk c-As.'.u.-. 1 iuS 

.2 r. T*iin<r. 
Ciiv-iii» *. At. usiT IX ti-f :Vk 

n A d»v. Wm 

CLjkT-mxrars^ jl ▲ carton m 
Comoeraiui, for the Bagfabom 
anil ineauM ci a ■evlT-miiried 
cisiipue to awembie, aod citct 
chem a iuukH eocene. 

Ci.kT-*AL» ■• ^ Too iimntiiott 0^ 
rue. Egai. 

Cl^tt. h CI2T or 


T4 Mire ter few Ac 1 
Of -^iiBEC inch, aai chose neiieacLeaidr**. 

CiXACH. r. To daauh^ Skn^dL 
CLx.ACKnc6-2cvT. «L A feaBO net, 
used by uixcmcB oa the Seven. 
Clkaol r. To docae or cbd. £M. 
CUA.K. r. To sutch. AorfA. 
Clkam. r. To siac together. See 

Cllui UK oi^jL Leaaed; indiiied 
Clkax. 1* 

3 r. Tovad^.dnEM»aDdain]^ 
oof^'s toiJes. 
CcjLkXi>6u ^ a. The aftcr-birth 

71 our. 
Clcajl I Ptfze: isaoeest. 

2 CuMT amdMAtar. tocallT. coni- 
cuKtfiy. -He's th&ck V the 
AMT.'^ aoi oc a dnl stupid 

Clcat. I a. Anceeof iroavon 
^a M»:es '^t c«»xi;y pe^Se. 
:^ r. T4 gg eo y h ea «?ih inw. 

C:.CA.T-aQjLKa«^ a. Tjh faeces of 
w:oi rfeceoei to the shoes to 
<3j..Ce a penoa to valk oi 
;ae -n; 

SGiLLeii >i;:her to which a strii^ 
s £:x»:aiea. swi hr schoolbovs. 

CiXATUbiLSL TiAsofpaK-lhir. 
C^E.'SLr, To SBUci, or seoe. 
Cir.:s. r. To hctich. AorfA. 
C^ijCU>\jL Ac&sricm. AorfA, 




Clecking, adj. Said of a fox maris 

appetens. Craven, 
Clbckings, 8. A shuttlecock. 

Clecks, «. Refuse of oatmeal. Line. 
Cled, part. p. Clad ; clothed. 
Clkden, *. Goosegrass. Dorset. 
Cledgy, adj. Stiff, clayey. Kent. 
Glee, 8. A claw. North. See Clea. 

The term is especially applied to 

the two parts of the foot of 

cloven-footed animals. 
Cleek, s. a hook; a barb. North. 
Cleerte, 8. {A.'N.) Brightness. 
Gleet, «. (1) The hoof. North, 

(2) A stay or support. 
Cleeves, 8. Cliffs. 
Cleffe, pret. t. Cleaved. 
Gleft, 8. (I) Black slate. North. 

(2) Timber fit for cooper's ware, 
spokes, &c. York8h. 

(3) A piece of wood split for 
burning. Northampt. 

Gleg, (1) s. The gad-fly. Still 
used in the North. 

(2) 8. A fish, gadiu barbattu. 

(3) V. To cling, or adhere. North. 

(4) ». A clever person. Lane. 
Clegger, v. To cling. Cumb. 
Gleke, v. To snatch, or strike. 
Clem, (1) ». To starve. See Clam. 

Clemmed is still in use in Shrop- 
shire for starved. 

Hard is the choice, when the valiant 
must eat their arms, or clem. 

B. Jons., Every Man out of H., iii, 6. 

I cannot eat stones and turfs, say. 
What, will he clem me and mv follow- 
ers? Ask him an he will clem me; 
do, go. Jb., Poeleuter, i, 2. 

Now lions' half-clem'd entrails roar for food. 

Antonio and Mellida. 

(2) St. Clement. South, In the 
Isle of Wight it is, or was till 
lately, the custom for black- 
smiths to invite their friends and 
neighbours to a feast on St. Cle- 
ment's day. This was called 
keeping elem, 

(3) V. To climb. 
Clemetn, 8. A claim. 

ChiLMYiitpari.p. Fastened. 
Clenche, V, {J.-S.) To cling 

Clbnchfoope, 8. See CUnehpope, 
Clkncy, adj. Miry ; dirty. Line. 
Clene, adj. (A.'S.) Pure ; clean. 

Clenene88et purity. 
Clengb, 9. (1) To contract or 


(2) To strain at. 
Clent, v. To become hard, applied 

to grain. West, 
Clepe, V, (1) {A.-S. clypian.) 

To caU. 

They cleye us drunkards, and with swinish 

Tax our addition. Skakesp., Hamt., i, 4. 

(2) (J.'S.) To clip, or embrace. 
Cleps, «. An implement for pulling 

weeds out of corn. Cumb. 
Cler, ^adj. {J,-N.) Polished; 
clere, j resplendent. Clerenesse^ 

glory. Clert^t brightness. 

Clere, 8. A sort of kerchief. 

On their heades square bonettes of 
damaske eolde, rolled wyth lose cold 
that did hange doune at their backes, 
with kerchiefes or cleres of fyne cypres. 
Hall, Henry rJI]:i{.9&, 

Cleret£. {A.'N,) Purity. 

Clergie, 8, (A.-N.) Science; 
learning. Clergicallyt learnedly. 

Clergion, 8, {A.'N.) A young 

Clergy, 8. An assembly of clerks. 

Clerk, 8. (A.-N.) A scholar. 

Clbrliche, adv. (A.-N.) Purely. 

Clermatyn, 8. {A.-N.) A kind of 
fine bread. 

Cleryfy, v. To make clear. 

Cleste, v. To cleave in two North, 
The word occurs in Huloet. 

Cletch, 8. A brood of chickens. 

Clete, 8. A piece of wood fastened 
on the yardarms of a ship to 
hinder the ropes from slipping 
off. In Sussex, the term is ap- 
plied to a piece of wood to 
prevent a door or gate from 




C LETHE, V, To clothe. North. 

Clbtt, 9, Gleet. MS. Med. 15M 

Clbye, «. (1) {A.'S.) A dwelling. 
(2) A cliff. 

Clevel, 8. A grain of corn. Kent, 

Clevbn, (1)8.{J.'S.) Rocks; cliffs. 
(2) V. (J.-S.) To split ; to burst. 

Cleve-pink, 8. A species of car- 
nation found on the Cbedder 

Clever, (1) e. To scramble up. 

(2) adj. Good-looking. Ea8t. 
Kennett says, ** nimble, neat, 
dextrous." Lusty; very well. 

(3) adj. Affable. South. 

(4) adv. Clearly ; fully. Kent. 

(5) 8. A tuft of coarse grass 
turned up by the plough. East. 

Clever-boots, 1 «. A satirical 
clever-clumst, / term for a per- 
son who is awkward. 

Clever-through,^^. Straight 
through. Leic. 

Cleves, 8. Cloves. 

Clewy, 8. A sort of draft iron 
for a plough. North. 

Clew, (1) *. (J.-S.) A rock. 
" Bothe the clewei and the cly- 
fez." Morte Arthure. 

(2) 8. A ring at the head of a 
scythe which fastens it to the 

(3) pret. t. Clawed ; scratched. 
Clewe, V, To cleave, or ad- 
here to. 

Clewkin, 8. Strong twine. North. 
ChEW$TBV, part, p. Coiled. 
Cley, 8. A hurdle for sheep. 
Cleym AN, 8. A dauber. Pr. Parv. 
Cleymen, v. {A.'N.) To claim. 
Cleynt, part. p. Clung. 
Cleystaffb, 8, A pastoral staff. 

Pr. Parv. 
Clibby, adj. Adhesive. Devon. 
Click, (1) v. To snatch. 

(2) 8. A blow. Ea8t. 

(3) V. To tick as a clock. 

(4) *< To cHtk or ftart with ones 
fingers as moresco daneers." 
Fhrio. ''To cUeke with ones 
knuckles." lb. 

(5) 8. (/v.) A doOT-lateh. 

(6) 8. A nail or peg for hanging 
articles upon. North. 

(7) V. To catch ; to seize. 
Clickbk, 8. A servant who stood 

before the shop-door to invite 
people to buy. 
Clicket, (1) V. To fasten as with 
a link over a staple. Shrqp8h. 

(2) 8. (A.'N) A latch-key. 

(3) 8. A clap-dish, or anything 
that makes a rattling noise. 

(4) v. To chatter. Tkmer. 

(5) 8. The tongue. 

(6) 8. A term applied to a fox 
when maris appetens. Anciently, 
a common term for a fofx, as in 
the following lines, deseribmg 
the properties of a good hone: 

Heded of an ox, 
Tayled as fox, 
Comly as a kyng, 
Nekkyd as a dukvng, 
Mouthyd as a kli'ket, 
Wilted as a wodkok, 
Wylled as a wedercokc 

MS. Cott., Galba, E, ix, f. 110. 

Click-handed, adj. Left-handed. 

Click-hooks, 8. Large hooks for 

catching salmon by day-light. 

Click-up, 8. A person with t 

short leg, who in walking makes 

a clicking noise. Line. 
Clider, 8. Goose-grass. 
Clife, adj. (A.-N) Clear; fine. 
Cltft, s.{l) A cleft, or opening of 

any kind. 

(2) The/oMTcAiire. 

(3) A cliff. 

Clifty, adj. Lively; active. North. 
Cligute, pret.t. Closed; fastened. 
Chghty, adj. Stiff ; clayey. Kent, 
Cltm, (1) r. To climb. 
(2) Clement. 




(3) V. {A.'N.) To call, or dial- 

Climber, v. To clam her. 
Clime, s. The ascent of a hill. 
Climp, v. (I) To steal. East. 

(2) To soil with tlie fingers. East, 
Clinch, s. (1) A repartee, or bon- 

mot. Clincher, one who says 

bons-mots, a witty fellow. 

(2) A claw, or fang. North. 
Clinching-net. See Cleaching- 

Clinchpope, "I «. Aterra of con- 
CLENCHPoopE, J tempt. 

If a gentleman have in liym any humble 
behavour, then voysters do cal suche 
one by the name of a loute, a clynche- 
pope,or one that knowetti no facions. 
Inatilucion of a Qentlenian, 1568. 

Lesse wel-forni'd, or more il-fac'd, and 
like clenckpoope looke and lini. 

Warner's Albions England, 1592. 

CLiNcauANT, 8. {Fr. clinquant^ 
tinsel.) Brass thinly wrought out 
into leaves. North. 

Cline, v. To climb. Warw. 

Cling, v. {A.'S.) (1)To shrink up. 

If tliou speak fake. 
Upon the next tree thou shalt hang alive 
*Till famine cling Ihee. 

Shakesp., Macb.,y, b. 

(2) To embrace. 

Some fathers dread not (gone to bed in 

To slide from the mother, and cling the 


Revengefs Trag., 0. P., iv, 322. 

(3) To rush violently. North, 
Clink, (I) *. A hard blow. 

(2) adv. Upright. Berks, 
Clink-clank, s. Jingle. 

Tis prodigious to think what veneration 
the priesthood have raised to themselves 
by tneir usurpt coniniission of apostle- 
ship, their pretended successions, and 
their clink-clank of extraordinary ordi- 

Fenn*s Address to Protestants, 1679. 

Clinke, V, {A.'N.) To tinkle ; to 

Clinker, s. (1) A bad sort of coaL 

(2) A cinder from an iron fur- 
nace. Shropsh. 

(3) A puddle made by the foot of 
a horse or cow. Warw, 

Clinker.bell,«. An icicle. Somers, 
Clinkers, s. Small bricks ; bricks 

spoilt in the burning. 
Clinket,*. a craftv fellow. North, 
Clinks, s. Long nails. 
Clin au ANT, adj. (Fr.) Shining. 
Clint, v. To clench; to finish, or 

complete. Somerset, 

Clints, 8. Chasms ; crevices. 

Clip, (1) v, (J.-S.) To embrace. 

But as a dame, to the end shee may at a 
time more opportune at better ease, and 
in a place more commodious, be cutclted, 
clipped, and embraced, which feminine 
art, I not yet knowing in fiist my be- 
ginning, so unwarily I did remaine 
wailed with love. 

Passenger cf BenvemUo, 1613. 

(2) V. To call to. North, This 
is merely a form of clepe, q. v. 

(3) V. To shear sheep. North, 
(i) V, To shave. Jiider. 

(5) V. To shorten. Craven. 

(6) V, To hold together by means 
of a screw or bandage. Shrop»h. 

(7) «. A blow, or stroke. East. 

(8) V. To quarter a carriage so as 
to avoid the ruts. Northampt. 

Clipper, «. (1) A clipper of coin ? 

I had a sister but twelve years ago, that 
run away M'ith a Welsh ensign, who 
was hanged for a highwayman, and she 
burnt in Wales for a clipper. 

Mountford, Greenwich Park, 1691. 

(2) A sheep-shearer. North, 
Clipping-the-church, s. An old 
Warwickshire custom on Easter 
Monday, the charity children 
joining hand in hand to form a 
circle completely round the 
Clips, {I) part, p. Eclipsed. 

(2) 8, An eclipse. 

(3) 8. Shears. Nor thumb, 

(4) *. Pot-hooks. North, 
Clipt-dinment, s, (1) A shorn 

wether sheep. 

(2) A mean-looking fellow. Cumd, 




Clishawk, v. To steal. Line. 
Clish-clash, 9. Idle discourse. 

Cut, adj. (1) Stiff; clayey. South. 

(2) Heavy ; hazy ; applied to the 

For then with us the days more darkish 

More short, cold, moyste.and stormy cloudy 

For sadness more than raiHhs or pleasures 

fit. Mirr.for Mag. Hifftns's Ind. 

(3) Imperfectly fomented. Somers. 
Clite, (1) ». Clay; mire. Kent. 

(2) 8. Goose-grass. 

(3) 9. A wedge. Pr. Parv. 

(4) V. To take, or pull up. North. 

Clitbr, v. To stumble. North. 

Clithe, *. The burdock. Gerard. 

Clitheren, 8. Goose-grass. Ge- 

Clitpoll, 8. A curly head. Dorset. 
C LITTER, V. To make a rattling 

Glittery, adj. Changeable and 

stormy, applied to the weather. 

Clitty, adj. Stringy ; lumpy. West. 
Clive, (I) 8. (J.'S.) A cliff. 

(2) V. To cleave. Suffolk. 
.Cliver,(1)«. Goose-grass. //flwip^A. 

(2) s. A chopping-knife. East. 

(3) Oliver -and-shiver^ completely, 
totally. Somerset. 

Clivers, *. The refuse of wheat. 

Clize, 8. A covered drain. Somers. 

Cloam, 8. Common earthen ware. 
Comw. C/oamer, one who makes 

Clob, 8. Rough material used for 
building cottages. Devon. 

Globe, s. A club. 

Cloche, v. (A.-N.) To blister. 

Clocher, 8. (1) A large cape or 
(2) {A.-N.) A belfry. 

Clock, (1) s. {A.-N.) A bell. 
(2) 8. A sort of watch, some- 
times called a clock-watch. 

But he who can deny it to he aprodisy, 
which is recorded by Melchior Adanius, 
of a preat and goocl man, Mho had a 
dock watch that had lav en in a chest 
many years unused ; and when he lay 
dviiig, at eleven o'clock, of itself, in that 
cnest, it struck eleven in the hearing of 
many. Baxter^ World of Spirits. 

(3) 8. A beetle. North. 

(4) 8. A sort of ornamental work 
worn on various parts of dress, 
now applied to that on each side 
of a stocking. 

(5) s. The noise made by a hen 
when going to sit. 

(6) 8. The downy head of the 
dandelion. North. 

Clock-ice, s. Ice cracked into fan- 
tastical forms. Norlhampt. 

Clock-dressino, 8. A method of 
obtaining liquor on false pre- 
tences. Craven. 

Clocks, «. Ordure of frogs. Devon. 

Clock-seavbs, s. The black- 
headed bog-rush. North. 

Clod, {\) v. To break clods. 

(2) adj. (A.-S.) Clodded; hard. 

(3) 8. The coarse part of the 
neck of an ox. 

(4) *. A sort of coal. West. 

(5) V, To throw. North. 
Clod D BR, v. To coagulate. 

If the ashes on the hearth do cloider 
together of themselves, it is a sign of 
rain. Wilbford, Natures Secrets. 

Cloddy t adj, (1) Thick; plump. 
(2) Hazy, thick. 

This said, he swiftly swag'd the swelling 

DispcU'd the cloddy clouds, cleared Sols 

bright beams. Nrgil by Vicars^ 1632. 

Clode, v. (A.'S.) To cloathe. 

Clodge, 8. A lump of clay. Kent. 

Clodger, Is. The cover of a 
cLos ERE, /book. 

Clodgy, adj. Plump. Hampsh. 

Clod-head, 8. A stupid fellow. 

Clodhopper, s. (1) A farmer's la- 




(2) A clownish fellow. 

(3) The wheatear. 
Clo1>-mall, *. A wooden hammer 

for breaking clods. Shropah. 
Cloffby,*. a great sloven. North, 
Clofpino, ». The plant hellebore. 
Cloft, 8. The jointure of two 

branches. North. 
Clofyd, part. p. Cleft ; split. 
Clog, [\)8. A shoe with a wooden 


{2) 8. A piece of wood fastened 

to a string. 

(3) 8. An almanac made with 
notches and rude figures on square 

(4) V. To prepare wheat for sow- 

ing. West. 

Cloggy, adj. Sticky. 

Clogsome, adj. Dirty ; dull. 

Clogue, v. To flatter. Su88ex, 

Clog-wheat, «. Bearded wheat. 

Clointer, v. To tread heavily. 

Cloister-garth, 8. The space in- 
closed by a cloister. 

Cloit, 8. A stupid fellow. North. 

Clokarde, 8. A sort of musical 

Cloke, 8. A claw, or clutch. 

Clokkb, V. {A.'N.) To limp in 

Clom, V, To clutch. North. 

Clombe, pret. t. Climbed. 

Clome, V, To gutter, as a candle. 

Clome. See Cloam, 

Clome-pan, 8. A pan for milk. 

Clomp, v. To walk heavily. CA>m- 
perton, one who walks heavily. 

Clomsen, v. iA.-N.) To shrink or 

CLONGEN,j9ar/.j9. Shruok ; shri- 

Clonker, 8. An icicle. Somer8et* 

Cloom, (i) 8. Clay or cement. 
(2) ». To cement. 

Cloor, 8. A sluice. Northumb. 

Clope, *. A blow. 

Cloppino, adj. {Fr.) Lame ; limp- 
ing. Comio. 

Close, (I) s. A farm-yard; an en- 

(2) 8. A public walk. /. Wight, 

(3) 8. An obscure lane. North. 

(4) adj. Secret ; selfish. 

(5) V. To enclose minerals in 

(6) adj. Quiet; silent. Leic. 
Close-bed, 8. A press-bed. North, 
Close-fights, 8. Things employed 

to shelter the men from an enemy 

in action. 
Close-fisted, adj. Mean. 
Closb-gauntlbt, 8. A gauntlet 

with moveable fingers. 
Close-hand-out, 8. The name of 

an old game. 
Closeir, *. {A.'N.) An enclosure. 
Closen, 8. A small enclosure or 

field. Northampt. 
Closh, 8. (1) The game of nine- 

(2) A Dutchman. South. 
Closings, 8. Closes; fields. In 

some counties we have the more 

pure form closen. 
Closure, «. (1) {Fr.) An enclosure. 

(2) A clehcher. Wight. 

(3) A gutter. North. 
Clot. (1) Same as Clod (6). 

(2) 8. A ciod. " Clodde or clotte 
lande. Occo." Huloet, 

(3) V. To clod. 

For as the ploughman first setteth forth 
his plough, and then tilleth his land, 
and breuketh it in furrowes, and some- 
timer idgeth it up a^aine, and at ano- 
ther time harroweth it, and clotteth it, 
and somtime dungeth and hedgeth it, 
digffeth it, and weedeth it, purgeth it, 
andmaketh it cleane : so the prelate, the 

Sreacher, hath many diverse offices to 
0. Latimcr'a Sermoru. 

(4) 9. To dog. 

(5) V. To toss about. North. 

(6) V. To catch eels with worsted 
thread. West. 




(7) ». A disease in the feet of 
Clotch, ». To tread heavily. East 

Clote. 1 ^^^ -jjq^ water-lily. 

CLOT, J ' 

Take tlie rote of the klote, and stampe 
it, and turne it on whyte wyne or ale, 
and drynk at 5eve hoot and at niorow 
kolde. MS. Med. Bee, xv Cent. 

Then lay a eht-leaf, or else a wort-leaf, 
on the SHme, but first let the water out 
of the blister with a pin, and it will 
draw out all the water that causeth the 
pain or grief. 

LnpUm^s 1000 Notable Things. 

Clote, 8. A wedge. Pr. P, 

CLOTTiLKDjpart.p. {A.-S.) Clotted. 

Clot-uead, s. a blockhead. 

Cloth-of-estate, 8. A canopy 
over the seat of principal per- 

Clottkr, 8, A clothier. 

Clouch, (1) t>. To snatch or clutch. 
(2) *. A clutch. Piers PI. 

Cloud-berry, «. The ground mul- 

Cloue, 8. (A.'N,) A fruit or berry. 

Clough, s. (1) a valley betvrecn 
two hills ; a ravine. 

Each place for to search, in hill, dale, and 

In thicke or in thin, in smooth or in rou^^h. 
Robinson's Rev. of Wtckedn, 

(2) A clfflF. Morte Arth. 

(3) The stem of a tree, where it 
divides into branches. Cumb, 

(4) A wood. Lane. 

(5) A vessel of coarse earthen- 
ware for salting meat. 

Clouohy, €idj. Gaudily dressed. 

Clour, s, (1) A lamp, or swelling. 


(2) {A.'N,) Hollow ground ; a 

Clout, s. (Ft, elouette.) The mark 

or pin fixed in the centre of the 

butts, at which archers shot for 


Indeed he mnst iboot nearer, or heHl ne'er 
hit the doui. 

Shakesp., Lo9^t L. X., if, 1. 

Wherein our hope 
Is, tltongh the dout we do not alwiqri hit, 
It will not be imputed to his wit. 

S. Jon., Steele ^fW., EfSL 

(2)v, To beat. 

I wasted them and ioc<o«^ them, that 
they could not arise. 

TindaFs and Tta. Bibles, % Saau, S3. 

(3) *. A blow. 

(4) 8. {A,-S.) Jl piece or frag- 

(5) 8, A cloth ; a piece of cloth. 
**A slice wherwith to spread 
salve on elouts and make plas- 
ters." Nomenclator. 

(6) o. To clothe shabbily. 

I seeing him clouUd, his clofitlieB alovenlj 
done on, very ill liking, as ragged as t 
tattered fole, with never a whole eHotU on 
his back. Terwce in BnffUsK IML 

(7) To mend, or patch ; applied 
especially to shoes. 

Of the scoler that gave his shoes to 
clouts. — In the universyte of Oxeforde 
there was a scoler that deiyted mocbe 
to speke eloquente englysshe and curious 
termes, and came to tiie cobler with lus 
shoes whyclie were pyked before (as 
they used [at] that tyme) to have them 
clouted, and sayde this wyse. 

Tales and Quicke Jnswra. 

(8) 8. {Fr.) A nail. 
Clouted, (from cloutf a nail.) 

Fortified with nails. 

Clouter, (I) s, a cobbler. Pr. 
(2) V. To do dirty work. North, 

Clouter-headbd, ad^. Stupid. 

Clouterlt, adj. Clumsy. North, 

Clove, s. Eight pounds of cheese* 

Clovbl, 8. A large beam, placed 
across the chimney in farm- 
houses. Devon. 

Clover-lay, #. A field of clover 
recently mown. Hampsh' 

CLoys-TONOUE,.«. ,Tbe black helle- 

Clow, (I) v. To scratch. Oaub, 
t». To work bard. Nortk. 
V, To nail with clouts. We^* 




(4) 9. (A,'S,) A rock. 

(5) «. The clove-pink. East. 

(6) *. A floodgate. North. 
Clowchyne, ». A'clew of thread. 

Pr. Parv. 
Clowclagged. " Thnr yowes are 

clowclagg'dy they skitter faire." 

Yorksh. Dial, p. 43. 

Clowder, v. To daub. Line, 

CLOWENjt;. To bustle about. Cumb, 

Clownical, adj. Clownish. 

My behaviour ! alas, alas, 'tis clownical. 

Greeners Tu Quoqug. 

Clowk, V. To scratch. North. 

Clowsome» adj. Soft; clammy. 

Clowt-clowt, 9. The name of an 
old game. *'A kinde of playe 
called clowt clototi to beare about, 
or my hen hath layd." Nomencl. 

ChOYtV. (A.'N.) (1) To prick in 
shoeing a horse. 

(2) To nail or spike up, as artil- 

Clot, v. To claw. Shakesp. 

Cloter, 1«. An old slang term 
CLOYNER, J for one who intruded 
on the profits of young sharpers, 
by claiming a share. 

Then there's a eloyer, or snap, that dogs 
any new brother in that trade, and 
snaps, — ^will have half in any booty. 

Boaring Girl, 0. Pi., vi, 113. 

Clozzons, «. Talons; clutches. 

Club-ball, s. A game at ball, 

played with a straight club. 
Club-weed, s. The plant mat- 

Clubbey, 8. A sort of game. 
Clubbishly, adv. Roughly. 
Clubid, adj. Hard; difficult. 
Club-men, s. People who rose in 

arms in the West of England 

in 1^15. 
Clubster, 1 ^ A stoat. iVor/A. 


Clucche, V. {A,'S.) To clutch. 
Cluck, (1) adj. Slightly unwell; 
out of spirits. South. 

(2) «. A claw ; a clutch. North. 
CtuD-NUT, 8. Two nuts grown 

into one. North. 
Cluff, v. To cuff. North. 
Clum, (1) adj. Daubed. Yorksh. 

{2)pret.t. CUmbed. iVbrM. 

(3) V. To handle roughly. West. 

(4) V. To rake into heaps. Detfon. 
Clume-buzza, 8. An earthen pan. 

Clummersomb, adj. Dirty ; slut« 
. tisb. Devon. 
Clump, (1) c. To tramp. 

(2) s. A lump. North. 

(3) adj. Lazy. Line. 
Clamper, s. A large piece. So- 

Clumpbrs, «. Thick, heavy shoes. 

Clumferton,! «. A stupid fel- 
c LUMPS, J low. 
Clumpish, 8, Awkward. North. 
Clumps, (1) «. Twilight. East. 

(2) Lazy. North. 

{zS Plain-dealing; honest. iVorM. 

(4) adj. Benumbed with cold. 

Clumpst, adj. Benumbed with 

cold. Northampt. 
Clumpy, (1) s. A dunce. South. 

(2) adj. Sticking together. 

Clunch, (1) adj. Close. North. 

(2) s. A thump. East. 

(3) «. A clodhopper. 

(4) s. Close-grained hard lime- 

Clunchfisted, €ulf. Close-fisted; 

Now a pox take these citizens 1 and 
then a man may get some money by 
'um; they are so hide-bound, there s no 
living by 'um; so clunchfisted, a man 
would swear the gout were got out of 
their feet into their hands, 'tis death to 
'urn to pluck 'urn out of their pockets. 

The Cheats, 1662. 

Clunchy, a4j. (1) Thick and 

clumsy. East. 

(2) Quick tempered. Northampt, 
Cluner, 9. A Cluniack monk. 




• A gentle eluner two cheses liadde of me. 
Barclay's tyfte Eglog, 

CiAJSQ.adj. (1) Shrivelled; shrank. 

(2) Empty; emaciated. Craven, 

(3) Soft; flabby. Notf, 

(4) Heavy; doughy. 

(5) Tough ; dry. East. 

(6) Daubed. Craven. 

(7) Strong. Berks, 

Clunge, v. To crowd, or squeeze. 

South, C/tcn^ee?, stopped. Craven, 
Clungy, adj. Adhesive. North. 
Clunk, v. To swallow. Devon, 
Clunter, (l) 8, A clod of earth. 


(2) V. To walk clumsily. North, 

(3) V, To turn lumpy. Yorksh, 
Clunterly, adj. Clumsy. Craven. 
Cluppe, v. (A.'S.) To embrace. 
Cluss. (1) «. (Fr.ecluse.) A flood- 
gate. North. 

(2) {Lat.) A cell. 
Clush, V, To lie down close to 

the ground ; to stoop low down. 

Clussomed, part. p. Benumbed. 


Clussum, adj. Clumsy. Chesh. 

Clusters, v, (A.-N.) To harden. 

Clusterfist, s, A clodhopper. 

Well, away I went with a heavy heart, 
and brought his ^est into the very 
. chamber, where I saw no other cakes on 
the table, but my owne cakes, and of 
which he never proflfered me so much 
as the least crum, so base a clusteHist 
was he. History of Francionf loBS. 

Clusty, fl4^ Close and heavy; 
applied to bread not well fer- 
mented, or to a potato that is 
not mealy. Comw. 

Clut, v. To strike a blow. North. 

Clutch. (I) v. To seize ; to grasp. 
(2) 8. A miser, or grasping 

(3)«. A fist. Clutch-fist, 2Ly try 
large fist. 

(4) V. To cluck. South. 

(5) *. A covey of partridges, or 
a brood of chickens. East, 

(6) adj. Close. Sussex. 

Clute, «. A hoof. North. 

Cluther, (1) adv. In heaps. 
(2) 8. A great noise. Kent. 

Clutsen, V. To shake. North. 

Clutter, (1) 8. A bustle; con- 

(2) 8. A clot. **Grumeau de 
sang, a clot, or clutter of con- 
gealed bloud." Cotyrave. Clut- 
tered, clotted. 

(3) 8, A plough-coulter. South. 
Clutter- Fi8TSD,a4;* Having large 


Cluttery, adj. (1) Changeable. - 
(2) Very rainy. Berks. 

Cluutts, 8, Feet. Cumb. 

Cluves, 8, Hoofs of horses or 
cows. Cumb. 

Cly, 8, (1) Goose-grass. Somerset, 
(2) Money. 

Clyke, v. To noise abroad; to 

Clytenish, adj. Sickly. Wilts. 

Cnaffe, 8, {A,-S,) A lad. 

Cnag, 8, A knot. North. 

Cnoble, 8. A knob ; tuft. 

Cnopwort, 8. The ball-weed. 

Cnoutberry, 8, The dwarf-mul- 
berry. Lane, 

Co, (1) 8, {A,'N.) The neck. 
(2) V, To call. North. 

Coach-fellow, 1«. A horse em- 
COACH-HORSE, J ployed to draw 
in the same carriage with ano- 
ther ; and hence, metaphorically, 
an intimate acquaintance. 

I have grated Upon my good friends for 
three reprieves, for Vou and your 
eoach-fellow Nym. Merry W, W., ii, 2. 

CoACH-HORSB, 8. A dragou-fly. 

CoAD, adj. Unhealthy, t. e., cold. 

Coadjuvate, «. (Lat.) A coad- 

CoAGER, 8. A meal of cold vic- 
tuals taken by agricultural la* 
bourers at noon. Sussex. 

Coagulat, a4/* (^'O Curdled. 




CoAB, 8, Heart or pith, t. e., core. 

CoAJER, 8, A shoemaker. Exmoor. 
CoAKBN, V. To strain in vomiting. 
CoAKS, 8, Cinders. Yorish, 
Coal. To carry coak^ to submit 

to any degradation. 
CoAL-BRAND, «. Smut in vrheat. 
CoAL-FiRE, 8, A parcel of fire- 
wood, containing when burnt the 

quantity of a load of coals. 
Coal- HAGGLERS, 8, People who 

fetch coals from the pit or wharf, 

and retail them to the poor. Leic. 
CoAL-HOOD, 8, (1) A bullfinch. 


(2) A wooden coal-scuttle. East, 
CoAL-PowDEB, 8, Charcoal. This 

term occurs in an inventory of 

artillery stores, 1547. 
CoAL-RAKE, 8. A rakc for raking 

the ashes of a fire. 
CoAL-sAY, 8. The coal-fish. North. 
CoAL-sMUT, 8, An efilorescence 

found on the surface of coaL 
Coaly, ». (1) A lamplighter. Newc, 

(2) A species of cur dog. North, 

COALY-SHANGIE, 8, A riot, Or 

uproar. North, 
CoAME, V, To crack. Googe, 
CoANDEB, 8. A corner. Exmoor, 
CoAP, 8, A fight. North, 
Coarse, «. Rough, applied to 

CoARTE, V. (Lat. coarctare,) To 

CoASH, V. To silence. North. 
Coast, v, {A.^N) (I) To approach. 

Who are these that coatt ui? 
Ton told me tlie walk was private. 

B.andFl., Mind in MiU., i, 1. 

(2) To pursue, 

William Douj^las still coasted the Eng- 
lishmen, doing them what damage he 
might. HoUnsh.f iii, p. 352. 

Coast, 8. {A,'N,) The ribs of 
cooked meat. 

Coasting, 8. An amorous ap- 
proach ; a courtship. 

O these enconnteren, so glib of toDgoe, 
That give a coasting welcome ere it comes. 

Tro. and Cress., iv, 5. 

Coat, «. A petticoat. Cumd. 
CoAT-CABDS, 8, Court-cards. 

I am a coat-card indeed.— Then thoa 
must needs be a knave, for thou art 
neither king nor queen. 

Kotoley, When you see ms, ^c. 

Here's a trick of discarded cards of us : 
we were ranked with coats as long as 
my old master lived. 

Massinger, Old Lav, iii, 1. 

CoATHE, (1) V. To faint. Line. 

(2) 8. The rot in sheep. Som» 
CoATHY, (1) adj. Irritable. Norf» 

(2) V, To throw. Hampsh, 
Cob, (l) 8, A blow. 

(2) V. To strike or pull the hair 
of any one. 

(3) V, To throw. Derby8h. 

(4) «. A lump, or piece. Florio. 

(5) 8, A wealthy person; a rich 

And of them all eohlnng country chnffes, 

which make their bellies and their 

bagges theyr gods, are called rich cobbes. 

Nash's Lenten Stt^. 

(6) 8. A leader, or chief. Chesh, 

(7) V. To outdo, or excel. 

(8) 8. A stone ; a kernel. East. 

(9) 8, The broken-off ears of 
com, especially wheat, are in 
some parts called cobs. 

(10) 8. A young herring. 

He can come hither with four wliite 
herrings at hjs tail— but I may starve 
ere he give me so much as a coS. 

Hon. Wh., part 2, 0. PL, iii, 440. 

(11> 8, The miller's-thiimb. 

(12) 8, A Spanish coin, formerly 
current in Ireland, worth about 
48. Sd. 

(13) «. Clover-seed. East. 
(14)8. A small haystack, Oxon. 

(15) «. A sea-gull. Var, dial. 

(16) 8. A basket for seed. North. 

(17) 8. Marl mixed with straw, 
used for walls. West. 

(18) «. A punishment used 
among seamen for petty offences, 




or irregularities, by bastinadoing 
the offender on the posteriors 
with a cobbing stick or pipe staff. 
(19) «. A sort of loaf made in 
Cobber, «. A falsehood. North, 
CoBBiN, «. A slice of any fish. 
Cobble, (1) «• A round stone. 

(2) «. An icicle. Kent. 

(3) V. To hobble. Var, dial 

(4) Cobble-trees, double swingle 
trees, or splinter bars. North. 

(5) 8. The large cock of hay made 
previous to carrying. Northampt, 

(6) 8. The stone of fruit. Norf. 

Cobbs, 8. The testicles. North. 

Cobbt, adj. Brisk ; lively ; tyran- 
nical. North. 

Cob-castle, 8. A prison; any 

building which overtops its neigh- 
bours. North. 
CoB-coALs, 8. Large pit-coals. 

Cob-irons, «. (1) Andirons. 

(2) The irons which support the 

spit. Ea8t, 
Cob- JOE, 8. A nut at the end of a 

string. Derby sh. 
CoBRET, 8. A punishment at sea 

by bastinado, perhaps the same 

as cob. 
CoB^E, 8. A kind of flat-bottomed 

boat, navigated with a lug-sail. 
Cobler's-lobster, 8. A cow-heel. 

Cobler's punch, 8. Ale warmed 

and ^eetened, and mixed with 

spirits. Northampt. 
Cobloaf, 8. A crusty uneven loaf 

with a round top to it. *'A cob- 

loafe or bunne.'' Minsheu. 

Here, in the halls, were the mummings, 
eob-loaf stealing, and great number of 
old Christmas playes performed. In 

treat houses were lords of misnile 
uring the twelve dayes after Christmas. 


Cobnobble, V, To beat. 

Cob-nut, 8. A master nut. It is 
the name of an old game among 
the childreoy played with nuts. 

Cob-pokb, «. A bag in 

gleaners carry the eob8 of 
Cob-stone9,«. Large stones. 
Cob-swan, 8. A large swat 
Cob- wall, «. A waU of sti 

Cobweb, (I) adj. Misty. ^ 

(2) 8. The spotted fly( 

Coccabel, 8. An icicle. C 
Cochen, «. (A.'S.) The ki 
Cock, (1) «. A corruption 

substitute for, God, used t, 

in oaths. 

Codes armes (quod the ba^ 
pourse is pycked, and my m 
gone ! TaUs and Quicke a 

By eoeke they are to blam 
Skakesp.f Ha 

By cock and pye, was i 
an unusual oath. 

Now by eock and pie yon neve 
truer word in your life. WUg 

(2) 8. A cock-boat. 

(3) V. To contend ? 

(4) V. To hold up; t 

(5) V. To walk nimbly 
spoken of a child. North 
(6)«. The needle of a b 

(7) «. A notched piece 
at the end of the ploug] 
for regulating the plougl 

(8) In cockfighting, a 
twenty is one that hai 
such a number of his ant 
in the pit. Gif. 

(9) 8. A striped sn 

(10) 8. A conical heap o; 

(11) ©. To swagger impi 
Cockadore, V, To lord 

another. Leic. 

CocKAL, 8. '* A game thi 
used with foore hucklc 
commonly called cockal 
also diceplay.'' Nomend 

CocK-ALE, 8. A particola 




But by your leave Mr. ^oet, notwith- 
standing* tlie large commendations you 
give of the juice of barley, yet if com- 
par'd with Canary, they are no more 
than a mole-hill to a mountain; whe- 
ther it be cock ale, China ale, raabury 
ale, sage ale, scurvyrgrass ale, horse- 
reddish ale, Lambeth ale, Him ale, 
Darby ale, North-down ale, double ale, 
or small ale; March beer, nor mum, 
though made at St. Catharines, put them 
all together, are not to be compared. 

Poor Botnih low. 

CocK-A-MEG, 8. A piccc of timber 

fastened on the reeple in a coal 

mine to support the roof. 
CocK-AND-MWiLB,«. A jail. Weit. 
CocKAPERT, adj. Saucy. 
CocKARD, «. A cockade. 
Cockatrice, «. A courtezan. 
CocK-BOAT, «. A small boat. 
CocK-BRAiNBD, adj. Fool-hardy; 

wanton. *' Doest thou aske, cod- 

brain* d fool?" Terence in Eng- 

Ush, 1641. 
CocK-BRUMBLE, 8, The rubus 

fructico8U8 of Linnaeus. 
Cockchafer, «. A May bug. 
CocK-CROWN, f. Poor pottage. 

CocKEL-BREAD, 1 »• Agamefor- 

coc KELY-BRE AD, J mcrly played 

among young girls. 
Cocker, (1 ) c To indulge, or spoil. 

(2) V, To crow, or boast. North. 

(3) V. To skirmish or fight, said 
of cocks. 

Skarmysh ye niaie, and like capon cockers 

cock, , , .•, iv 

But we butterflies must heare bide the 
shock. Heywood's Spider 4' FUe.'lb^o. 

(4) 8. A cock-fighter. 

(5) V. To alter fraudulently ; to 
gloss over anything. South, 

(6) V. To rot*. Norf. 

(7) *. A stocking. Lane. An old 
sign of an inn in that county was, 
the doff-cockert a maid pulling 
off her stocking. 

Cockerel, «. A young cock. 
CocKBRBR, 8. A wantoH. 
CocKBRNONY, 8. A Small cock's 

egg, which if hatched is said to 
produce a cockatrice. Devon. 
Cockers, ». (1) Rustic high shoes, 
fastened with laces or buttons. 

His patched cockers skant reached to his 
knee. Barclay's Echgw, 1570. 

His cockers were of cordiwin, 
His hood of miniveer. 

Draytt Eel., iv. 

(2) Rims of iron round wooden 
shoes. Cumh, 

(3) Gaiters. Norihampt. 
CocKBT, (1) ^' '^^ join or fasten 

timber or stone in building. 
(2) ad;. Swaggering; pert; brisk. 

(3) Cocket bread was the second 
kind of best bread. 

(4) 8, A docquet. 

Cockey, 8. A sewer. Norf. 

Cock-eye, 8. A squinting eye. 

CocK-PARTHiNG, 8. A term of en- 
dearment used to a little boy. 

CocK-FBATHER, 8. The feathcf 
which stood upon the arrow when 
it was rightly placed upon the 
string, perpendicularly above the 

CocK-GRASS, 8. Damcl. 


" Cock'hannellf or house cocke. 
Gallm." Huhet. 

CocKHBAD, 8. Thc part of a mill 
which is fixed into a stave of the 
ladder on which the hopper rests. 

CocKHEADS, 8. Mcadow knobweed. 

CocK-BEDOE, 1 ». A hedge with- 
cocK-FBNCB, J out Stake, the ends 
of the bushes being stuck into 
the bank. 

CocK-Boop, 8. A bullfinch. 

CocK-BORSE, (1) V. To rfdc a cock- 
horse, a term applied to children. 
(2) adj. Proud ; upstart. 

CocKiNG,pflr/. a.(l) Cock-fighting. 

(2) Wantoning. 

I marvell then Sardinius is so old, 
When he is cocking still with every trull. 
Domes, Scourge of Folly, 1611. 

CocK-iRON, 8. A part of a plough 




immediately before the breast, 
to support the share, and prevent 
roots from getting in between 
the breast and the share. 

CocKiSH, adj. Wanton. North. 

Cockle, (1) «. The agrottemma 
githago of Linnaeus. 

(2) V, To cry like a cock. Cumb, 

(3) 8, A stove used for drying 
hops. Kent, 

(4) V. To wrinkle. Var. dial 

(5) To "cry cockles," to be 


Now, althoneh he bkjs in liis preface, 
that lie would not much boast of con- 
▼incing the world, liow much I was mis- 
taken, in what I undertook ; yet, I am 
confident of it, that this contrivance of 
his did inwardly as much rejoyce the 
cockles of his heart, as he phansies that 
what I writ did sometimes much tickle 
my spleen. Eachard's Observat., 1671. 

^o^^J'^^t^!.' |«.Day-break./)«;(m. 


Cockled, part, p. Enclosed in a 
shell. Shakesp, 

CocKLER, 8, A seller of cockles. 

CocKLE-SHELL, 8. The badge of a 
pilgrim, worn in the front of the 
hat, and implying that the bearer 
had been at sea. 

Cockle-stairs, «. Winding stairs. 

CocKLETY, adj. Unsteady. North. 

Cockling, adj. Cheerful. North, 

CocKLOACH. (Fr.) A silly coxcomb. 
"A couple of cockloches." Shir- 
ley*8 Witty Fair One^ ii, 2. 

Cockloft, 8. A garret. 

Cockmarall, «. A little fussy per- 
son. Line, 

CocKMATE, 8, A Companion. 

They must be courteous in their beha- 
viour, lowlie in their speech, not dis- 
daining their cockmates, or refraining 
their coropanie. Lilli/, Euphues, Q 4. 
But the greatest thing is vet behinde, 
whether that those are to be admitted, 
as cockmates, with children. lb. 

CocKNELL, 8, A young cock. 
Cockney, «. (1) A young cock. 
(2) A spoilt or effeminate boy. 

(3) One bom and bred in Lon* 
don, and Tery ignorant of roral 

(4) A lean chicken. 

(5) An imaginary country, filled 
with luxuriear of every kind. 

(6) A person who sold fruit and 
greens. Pr, P, 

Cock-penny, 8, A present made 
to the schoolmaster at Shrove- 
tide by the boys, in some schools 
in the North. 

CocK-piT, 8, (1) A place for cock- 

(2) The original name of the pit 
in our theatres ; which seems to 
imply that cock-fighting had been 
their first destination. 

Let but Beatrice 
And Benedict be seen; lot in a trice. 
The cock-pit, galleries, boxes, all are full. 
LeoH. JHgges., Sh. SvfpLt i, 71. 

CocKauEAN, *. {Fr.) (1) A beggar 
or cheat. 
(2) A female cuckold. 

Queene Jnuo, not a little wroth against her 

husbands crime. 
By whome shee was a cockgueane made. 
Wamer't Albions England, 1593. 

CocK-ROACH, 8, A black-bcetle. 

Cocks, 8. Cockles. Devon. 

Cock's-foot,«. Columbine. Gerard. 

Cock's -HEADLIN6, 8. A game 
among boys. 

CocKs'-HEADs,«. The secds of rib« 

Cock-shut, 8, (1) A large net 
stretched across a glade, and so 
suspended upon poles as to be 
easily drawn together, employed 
to catch woodcocks. These nets 
were chiefly used in the twilight 
of the evening, when woodcocks 
go out to feed, whence coek8hvi 
time, and cockshut light, were 
used to express twilight. 

If thou (to catch a woodcocke) snare me w^ 
lie flutter in thy wcke-shoote till I go. 

Jkmut Scwrge ofFoUy, 1611* 




tliomas the earl of Sorry, and himself, 
Much about coekshut time, went thro' tiie 
army. Shakesp.y Biehard JH, v, 8. 

Mistress, this is only spite ; 
For you would not yesternight 
Kiss him in the eociskut light. 

B. Jons., Ilaaq. qfSaiyn. 

(2) A winding road through a 

Cock'S'Necklino, adv. To come 
down cock's neckling, t. e., head 
foremost. Wilts, 

CocKSPUR, <. The name of a small 

CocK-SQUoiLiNO, 8, Throwing at 
cocks with sticks. WilU, 

CocK-sTRiDE, 8. A short space. 
Country folks say at Twelfth- 
day, " The days are now a cocf:' 
stride longer." 

Cocksure, 8, Quite certain. 

CocKWARD, 8. A cuckold. 

CocKWEB, *. A cob-web. North. 

CocK-WEED,«. The cockle. "Cock- 
wede. Gythago." Huloet. "Herbe 
du cocq, ou de la poivrette. 
TepipeTwooTt'.cocke'Weede: Span- 
ish pepper : dittander." Nomen- 

Cocky J adj. Pert; saucy. 

CocKYBABY, 8. The arum. Wight. 

CocKYGBE, 8. A sour apple. West, 

CocowoRT, 8. Shepherd's-purse. 

CocTYN, adj. Scarlet, or crimson. 

Cod. 8. (\) (A.'S.) A bag. 

(2) A pod. 

(3) The bag of the testicle. 

Swelling of the eod and of his stoone