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Full text of "Dictionary of the common names of plants with list of foreign plants cultivated in the open"

''The Flora of South Africa** 



SUPPLEMENT: 



The Common Names of Plants 



** The Flora of South Africa. 



Vol. I. Thallophytes. Vascular Cryptogams. Gymnos- 

pcrms. Monochlamydeous Dicotyledons. 

1 Photogravure, 29 collotype and 86 coloured 
plates. 

(Published 1913). 

Vol. II. Polypetalac (Resales — Umbelliferae). 

1 Photogravure, 20 collotype and 62 coloured 
plates. 

Vol. III. Sympetalac (Ericaceae — Compositae). 

1 Photogravure, 20 collotype and 50 coloured 
plates. 

Vol. IV. Monocotyledons (Published 1915). 

1 Photogravure, 20 collotype and 42 coloured 
plates. 



For particulars see notice at end of hook. 



" The Flora of South Africa. 



DICTIONARY 

OF 

The Common Names of Plants 

WITH 

List of Foreign Plants 

Cultivated in the Open. 



B\ 



Rudolf Marloth 



xmttkwf 

HEW YOfeK 
•OTANICAI. 



The Specialty Press of South Africa, Ltd. 
CAPE TOWN : 1917. 



OK4^3 



Copyright. 



PREFACE. 



A LTHOUGH the number of popular names recorded in this 
-^^ book is quite considerable, we have no doubt that many 
more exist and that various untapped sources of information 
are still available among the older residents of the country. 

Vernacular names are not always reliable from a botanical 
point of view, for the same name is sometimes used for 
different plants in different districts, while, on the other hand, 
many plants bear several designations, e.g. Sutherlandia 
frutescens, for which we give ten, but there may be more. This 
is, however, nothing in comparison with European conditions. 
InHegi's Flora of Middle Europe one finds 
for the common Meadow saffron {Colchicum autumnale) 149 
names enumerated for that area. 

In spite of some uncertainty the common names, if judicious- 
ly employed and accepted with a little care, are useful and 
handy — they certainly help to disseminate knowledge and love 
of plants among the people, and that alone would justify their 
preservation. 

In using the book a few additional points should be borne 

in mind. Compound names will be generally found under the 

principal word, e.g. " Wild chestnut " under ^' Chestnut ". 

Foreign plants which have established themselves in our Flora 

and are able to persist and spread without artificial aid, appear 

in parts I. and II., others, which depend upon planting or 

sowing by the hand of man, will be found in part III. For an 

observer living at Cape Town it is not always possible to decide 

this point correctly, hence we have no doubt that our lists will 

require some revision in this as in other directions — 

, suggestions will be gratefully received. 

5^ It had been originally intended to publish the list of the 

22 common names of plants after the completion of our " Flora 

j of South Africa". Owing to certain delays it has been con- 

iLf-5 sidered preferable to issue the Dictionary in the meantime; 

may it prove to be a useful little book. 
■I I 1 
Hi 



We are especially indebted to Mr. I. B. Pole Evans^ Govern- 
ment Botanist, and Mr. C. C. Eobbrtson, Forest-Research 
Officer at Pretoria, for kindly rendering the records of their 
oflQces accessible to us, and to Professor Hubertus Elpfbrs 
(Wynberg) and Dr. W. Purcell (Diep River) for various 
suggestions with regard to the orthography of names and the 
typographical arrangements. 

Numerous other friends have contributed names or plants 
for identification, or communicated items of interest concern- 
ing them, or helped us in compiling the list of foreign plants. 
In recording their names hereafter we take this opportunity 
of thanking them all for their assistance and apologize at the 
same time to others whose names may have been inadvertently 
omitted. 

Some readers may think that we ought to have included 
more Kafir names of plants. This would have meant at least 
a thousand additional names and consequently a considerable 
increase in the size of the book, which does not appear to be 
justified at present. Some information on this subject may 
be found in Sim^s Forest F 1 o r a s, in Andrew Smithes 
Materia medica and in the Rev, Alfred Bryant's Zulu 
medicines ( See Literature) . 

The number of common names recorded here is nearly 2000, 
most of them not published before, and the number of species 
of wild plants close upon 1200. 

As soon as sufficient further material has accumulated we 
intend to issue a supplement, and— if justified — perhaps a 
second edition. 

R. Marloth. 



COI^TRIBÜTORS. 

(See also preceding page). 



Miss A. AbM STRONG, 

Belvedere (Knysna). 
Lady Beck, Tulbagh. 
Mrs. F. Bolus, B.A., Kenil worth. 
Miss A. V. DuTHiE, M.A., 

Stellenbosch. 
Miss Dorothea F airbridge, 

Claremont. 
Mrs. B. Foster, Clanwilliam. 
Miss Sydney M. Stent, 

Gov. Herb. Pretoria. 
Miss E. L. Stephens, M.A., 

S. A. Coll., Cape Town. 
Mrs. Strassberger, Wupperthal. 
Miss K. Weyer, De Toekomst. 
Mr. Norman T. Baker, 

S.A. Gardening, Johannesburg. 
Mr. C. W. Black, Mossel Bay. 
Mr. Frank Bolus, Kenilworth. 
Mr. L. J. Botha, Vredenburg, C.P. 
Mr. J. Burtt-Davy, Burttholm, 

Vereeniging. 
Dr. B. de Villiers, Franschhoek. 

Rev. C. Winkler, 



Mr. J. L. Drege, Port Elizabeth. 
Mr. J. C. Krapohl, Concordia. 
Mr. Ernest E. Galpin, 

Queenstown. 
Mr. J. Krige, Stellenbosch. 
Mr. C. E. Legat, 

Chief Conservator of Forests. 
Rev. E. Lemmerz, Elim. 
Dr. J. Luckhoff, Cape Town. 
Mr. H. W. Mathews, Kirstenbosch. 
Mr. IzAK Meiring, Worcester. 
The late Mr. Haldane Murray, 

Graafe-Reinet. 
Mr. A. J. Newstead, Cape Town. 
The late Dr. H. H, W. Pearson, 
Kirstenbosch. 
Rev. Charles Pettman, 

Kimberley. 
Dr. P. Phillips, Cape Town. 
Mr. C. E. Z. Watermeyer, B.A. 

Sea Point. 
Mr. E. B. Watermeyer, 

Nieuw^oudtville. 
Elim. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



PART 1. f'age 

Abbreviations and glossary of Dutch terms . 2 

Alphabetical list of the common names of 
indigenous plants, including half-wild 

foreign plants ... 3 

Names not identified ... 94 



PART 11. 

Classes and families of the Flora of South Africa 96 

Systematic arrangement of the species 

mentioned in Part I . . 99 



PART 111. 

Foreign plants frequently cultivated in the open 145 

Literature .... 175 

INDEX OF PART 11 . . . 165 



PAET I. 



ALPHABETICAL LIST 



OF 



COMMON NAMES. 



Note. 

Many plants bear different names according to district or even in the 
same district. These may be found by consulting the botanical index 
at the end of the book and the systematic arrangement of the plants 
in Part II. 



2. The names of introduced plants generally occurring only in cultivation 
are given in Part III. 

3. Many popular names have reached us through friends not familiar 
with the Dutch idiom, and the spelling was consequently not always 
quite correct. In fact it has been sometimes impossible to decipher 
a name and to arrive at a rational interpretation. We hope that our 
readers will assist in solving some of these linguistic puzzles. 



EXPLANATION OF SIGNS AND ABBREVIATIONS. 



D. : Dutch. 

EDgl. : English. 

etc. : and other species. 

= : the same as. 

V. : see. 

q.v. : which see. 

introd. : introduced plant. 

* : Foreign plant now 

half wild. 
med. : used medicinally by 

natives and colonists, 
pron. : pronounced. 
(?) : Information on origin 

of name, etc., wanted. 
Spec. ? : Not known which 

species, hence specimens 

wanted. 



C. : Central districts 

(Karoo, etc.). 
Del. B. : Delagoa Bay. 
E. : 
Kal. 
Ko. : 
mts. 
Na. ; 
Nam. 



Eastern Cape Province. 
: Kalahari. 
: Karoo. 
: mountains. 
: Natal. 

: Namaqualand 
(Little and Great). 
No. : North of Orange River. 
S.A. : South Africa. 
S.W. : South-western dis- 
tricts of Cape Province. 
Tr. : Transvaal. 



Glossary of more frequent Dutch terms occurring in 
compound words. 



Bast, hark. 

Berg, mountain, hill. 

Bes or bessie (besje), herry. 

Blaar (plur. : blaren) or blad, 

leaf. 
Blauw, hlue. 
Blom (bloem), flower. 
Bok, huckj but also goat. 
Bol, hnlh (including corm and 

tuber). 
Boom, tree. 
Bos (bossie, bosje), hush, 

shruh, shruhlet, but also 

forest. 
Doorn, thorn, spine, prickle. 
Geel, yellow. 



Gras, grass. 

Groen, green. 

Hout, wood. 

Jakhals, jackal. 

Klip, rock, stone. 

Kop, head, hill. 

Kost (kos), food. 

Kruid (kruiden), herh. 

Melk, milk. 

Paarde or perde, horses. 

Rooi or rode, red or orange. 

Slang, snake. 

Staart, tail. 

Wit, white. 

Wortel, root. 

Zwart, hlack. 



Alphabetical List 

OF 

COMMON NAMES. 



Aam'beie'bos. Chironia haccifera. A bushy herb with bright 
red berries. Very bitter and used medicinally like 
gentian. Also called Bitterbossie and M e i d j e 
Willemse. (S.W.). 

Aand'blom (Avond-blommetje). Several sweet-scented 
Iridaceae, especially species of Eesperantha, e.g. H. 
falcata. Flowers dull coloured outside and white inside, 
opening in the evening. At the Knysna and further east 
the name — is applied to Gladiolus tristis, which is 
scentless in daytime, but exhales a strong perfume in the 
evening. A pale yellow variety of this species (var. 
concolor) is called the Vlei — or Trompetter (Caledon, 
etc.). Another plant called — is Freesia refracta 
(Mosselbay, Hopetown, etc.). 

Aand'pijpie v. Pijpie. 

Aap 'z'n' kost. Gardenia Rothmannia. An eastern forest tree 
with large white flowers and large woody fruit. 

Aar'bossie. Walafrida geniciilata (Selago leptostachya) . A 
sub-shrub of the Karoo, growing preferably in localities 
holding subterranean water, hence often found along 
underground fissures or dykes where water circulates. 

Aard 'boontje = Veld'barroe. 
„ 'roos. According to Thunberg: Gytinus dioicus. A para- 
site growing on the roots of various shrublets, with 
red or orange flowers. At present the name is often 
applied to the more frequent Hyobanche sanguinea 
(deep red). Also a parasite. 

Aas 'blom. Various species of Stapelia and Garalluma. The 
flowers mostly of a more or less dull brown, purple or 
yellow colour, variously marked, with the odour of decay- 
ing meat. Carrion-flies are often deceived and deposit 
their eggs in the flowers. One of the most foetid species 
is Garalluma lutea (No.) 



4 AASVOGEL — AJOOSIE 

Aasvogel'bessie. Maurocenia Frangula, an ornamental shrub 
of the coastal districts with dark foliage and blueish-black 
berries. E:Hottentotcherry. 

Abiquas geelhout v. Davib. 

Abraham's book. Massonia Bowkeri (Na). 

Achtdag-genees'bos. Three quite different shrublets have 
been pointed out to us by native herbalists under this 
name, all used as tea, probably on account of certain 
aromatic properties: Hermunnia hyssopifoUa (Stercul.) ; 
Lohostemon fruticosus (Borag.) also called Dauw- 
w o r m b o s ; and Psoralea decunibens (Papil.) . 

Adelaars varen. Pteridium aquUimim. The Bracken, a 
cosmopolitan fern. The name alludes to a peculiar mark- 
ing appearing on a cross section of the stalk (due to the 
irregular shape of the vascular bundles). 

Africander (Afrikaan der). Various species of Gladiolus and 
Antholyza, especially in the South West. G. grandis, the 
Large Brown — appearing in spring. O. maculatus, the 
Smail Brown — (autumn). Q. recurvus. the Mauve — 
(spring). G. Wafsonius and A. revoluta, the Red — = 
G. hlandiis, the White — . In other districts the same 
names apply to other species, e.g., the Small — (klein — ) 
of Graaff-Eeinet and Griqualand West is G. eduUs, etc. 
Another Brown — is G. tenellus (scentless). Bokkeveld. 

Agapanthus. A. umhellatus, on the mountains of the coastal 
districts, frequent in gardens especially the white variety. 

Agave (Century Plant). A. americana* from Central 
America. Employed for fences, also as a stock-food in 
times of drought. Occasionally half wild. (Garenboom). 

Agretje. Tritonia scillaris and T. undulata. Resembling a 
miniature aigrette A corruption of this word, viz., 
Agrettais used for a garden shrub, Spiraea prunifoUa* 
from Japan, otherwise known here as M a y. 

Agrimony (D. : Agrimonie, corrupted into Akkermonie) 
Agrimonia Eiipatoria. A. variety of the European species. 

Agurkje, Wilde — = Komkommer. 

Air plant v. Kannidood. 

Ajoosie. A fungus of the family Podaxaceae, viz., Phellorina 
Delestrei, allied to the puff-balls (April, May). The brown 
powder (spores) used by the Hottentots for painting 
their faces (Clanwilliam). 



AKEDIS — ALS . 5 

Akedis'poot (Hagedis — ) = Paddeklauw. 

Akker 'klaver. Triiolium agrarium.* In England : Hop 
clover. 

Akkermonie = Agrimony. Kynsna, etc. 

Akkewani (in Java : Akerwangi). The rootstock of 
Cyrribopogon marginatus (Kuskus grass). Aromatic, 
used medicinally. Often employed for protecting woollen 
goods against moths (Motwortel). 

Alder, Red — . Cunonia capensis. The English name is the 
translation of the Dutch Rooi-els, a name given to 
this tree on account of a similarity of the wood to that 
of the European alder, Alnus glutinosa, which is occasion- 
ally planted here along streams. The Cunonia grows in 
damp rocky localities of the coastal districts. Very 
ornamental on account of the glossy foliage and the 
bottle-brush-like spikes of flowers. The timber yields 
beautiful furniture, as may be seen in the little English 
church at De Dooms. 

„ , Rock — . Plectronia Mundtiana. Wood used for fencing 
posts and the poles of wagons. 

„ , White — , Platilophus trifoliatus. Nearly allied to 
the Cunonia. A handsome evergreen tree, the wood of 
little value. 
Almond, Bitter — (S.A.). Pygeurn africanum (Rosaceae). 

„ , Wild — . Braheium stellatifolium ( Proteaceae ) . 
The fruits resemble the real almonds (when green), but 
are covered with a golden brown fur when ripe. The seed 
firm like an almond and bitter. Used by the colonists 
like coffee, the roasted product being called " gü." 

Aloe. About 100 S.A. species. Ornamental plants for rock 
gardens, especially at the principal flowering time (win- 
ter). If well assorted, such a collection would be 
flowering all the year through. The so-called "American 
aloe" is Agave americana, which belongs to Amaryll- 
idaceae. Aloe is pron. in D : Aloë. 

Aloes. The drug prepared from the leaves of Aloe ferox^ 
principally in the Herbertsdale and Mosselbay districts. 
See illustrations in Flora of S.A., IV., 96. 

Als, Wilde — (alsem). Artemisia afra. A half -shrub much 
resembling the European alsem (wormjvood, A. Absin- 
thium) and used medicinally for similar purposes. A 



€ ALTIJDBOS — ANJELIER 

somewhat similar aromatic herb, Hippia frutescem 
(Knysna, etc), is called Rank — / 

Altijd 'bos, Staama radiata. A dwarf shrublet of the Flats 
and lower hills of the South West, with virgate shoots 
and persistent white flower-heads. A larger and more 
showy species is S, glutinosa (mountains only). 

Alwijn V. Aloe and Aloes. The Bont — is A. variegata. 

Amandel (Hottentot's — ) = Almond, Wild — . 

Amaranth, Globe — . Gomphrena globosa*, occurring as a 

garden escape. A frequent weed in the Tr. 
„ , Thorny — . Amaranthus spinosus. Tr. 

Amarantus weed. Alternanthera Achyranthes* j A. sessilis*, 
etc. Introduced from South America and now rather 
troublesome in the northern provinces. 

Amaryllis. A. Belladonna. Frequent in the western districts, 
the leaves produced in winter; flowering at the end of 
summer before the new leaves appear. 

Amatungülu. Carissa grandiflof^a. An evergreen shrub of the 
eastern districts, with forked spines, glossy leaves, white, 
sweet-scented flowers and large edible fruit (berries). 

Ana tree. Acacia alhido. One of the largest species of the 
genus, the crown being up to 100 feet in diameter. 
Frequent along rivers of tropical Africa, e.g., Damara- 
land, extending to North-Africa, The large pods form a 
very nutritious food for all kinds of stock. 

Anemone. (D. : Anemoon). Anemone capensis. One of the 
most beautiful species of the genus, frequent on the moun- 
tains of the S.W. Difficult to cultivate. Further east 
A. cajfra and on the Drakensbergen A. Fanninii. 

An ijs 'wortel. Annesorrhiza montana and A. macrocarpa. 
Perennial plants producing the leaves and new roots in 
winter and the flowering shoots in summer, when the 
leaves have disappeared. Some species produce a single 
root each season, others (A. macrocarpa) sl fascicle of 
such roots. They are gathered at the beginning of summer 
and used as a vegetable, tasting somewhat like parsnips. 

Anjelier, Berg — . Lachnaea purpurea (Tulbagh). Flower- 
head somewhat resenibling a carnation. 
„ , Wilde — . Dianthus scaher, etc. Various indigenous 
species of pink. 



APPEL — ASPARAGUS 7 

Appeï and apple. See bitter — , gift — , goor — , grijs — , wit— ; 
Custard — , Dingaan's — , Kei — , monkey — , sand — , 
thorn — . 

Appel-der-Iiefde. In Holland this name is applied to the 
tomato, but here to the Cape gooseberry. See also Pompel- 
moer. 

Apple of Sodom v. Bitter'appel. 

Apies' doorn, Acacia Welwitschii and A. Burkei. Large trees 
(No.) with numerous straight spines (also on the old 
wood). 

Apricot, Wild — . In Kaffraria: Dovyalis tristis, but in the 
northern provinces: Landolphia capensis, a low twining 
shrub with milky sap. 

April fool, Haemanthus coccineus and other species. Flower- 
ing before the new leaves appear. 

Arderne's Watsonia. The white-flowering variety of 
Watsonia rosea. 

Arnoster = Renoster. 

Aroena. Garalluma incarnata. (Clanwilliam). One of the 
Stapelias armed with stout spines. 

Arum, White — . Formerly called Richardia africana, but 
now scientifically known as Zantedeschia aethiopica. Also 
called Pig-lily, an adaptation of the Dutch name 
Varkblom. The fleshy rootstock nutritious and conse- 
quently used (boiled) as food for pigs. Some other kinds 
of S.A. Arums (Zantedeschia) have a yellow spathe, e.g., 
Z. Elliotiana (spathe pure yellow) and Z. angustiloha 
(basal portion of spathe dark maroon on the inner side) 
both Tr. 

Asbos (Loog), Mesembrianthemum junceum and M. micran- 

thiim. The ashes used for obtaining a lye for soap-making 

and the dipping of raisins. 
Ash, Cape — . Ekebergia capensis. Timber rather soft, used 

for furniture, the grain of the wood somewhat resembling 

the European ash ( Fraxinus) . 

Asparagus. Many species indigenous in S.A. A few cultivated 
for ornamental purposes, viz., A. plumosus (feathery — ) 
for shower bouquets, etc., A. ^prengeri, in hanging 
baskets, (both from Na). The young shoots of A. africanus, 
4. capensis and some others used as a vegetable like the 
European A. officinalis. 



8 ASSEGAI — BANDJEBOS 

Assegai-wood, Curtisia faginea. A large handsome tree with 
beautiful foliage. Wood tough and strong, highly esteemed 
for wagons. Supposed to have been used by the KafiSrs 
for the shafts of their assegais, but not employed for this 
purpose now. 
„ wortel = Tien-os-touw. Small shrub, root long, straight 
down. 

Aster, Wild — . Several indigenous species, e.g., A. fruticosus. 

The Berg — (Cedar mts.) is Lachnaea filamcntosa. 
Avond blommetje v. Aandblom. 

Baalc'hout, Oreyia SutherlandiL A small tree with gorgeous 
red flower-spikes, called Wild bottle-brush in 
Natal. Grown in gardens as an ornamental shrub. Name 
from " Baaken " (beacon), as the little tree often stands 
conspicuously on rocks. 

Baard mannetje. Melasphaerula graminea. Allied to 
Gladiolus. 

Babiaantje, Bahiana (several species). The baboons (baviaan, 
mostly pron.: babiaan) unearth the corms (so-called 
bulbs) for food. B. villosa, the Rooi — ; B. ringens, the 
Rattestaart — . The latter plant bears the flower-spike 
close to the ground, and the short stem terminates into a 
tail-like barren piece, which serves as a perch for the 
sun birds when visiting the flowers. 
The Geel — is B. macrantha (Darling). 

Bak'bos = O'ond'bos. 

Bakkers 'bos = Windmakerbos. 

Bakkies'blom = Disa. 

Balder jan. Wild — . Yaleriana capensis. The rootstock used 
medicinally like the European V. officinalis. 

Balsam, Wild — . Impatiens capensis. In forests. 

Bamboo (D. : Bamboes). The species cultivated in many S.A. 
gardens is Bamhusa Balcooa*, from the East Indies. The 
indigenous bamboo (Arundinaria fesselata) is frequent on 
the mountains of the eastern parts. V. Sea-bamboo. 

Banana, Wild — , of the coast districts, is not a Musa, but 
Strelitzia augnsta. In the northern Transvaal occur two 
indigenous species of real banana, viz., Musa Living- 
stoniana and M. Davyana. 

Bandje 'bos, Cotyledon Wallichii. The leaves, especially when 
shrivelled, resemble short ribbons. V. Nenta. 



BAOBAB — BEESTEBUL 9 

Baobab. Adansonia digitata. The largest African tree, 

inhabiting the open grass country of Central Africa. 
Bark bush = Bergbast. 

Barley, Wild — . Hordeum murinum* A troublesome weed, 
especially on lawns. 

Barree. Several plants of the genus 1 ockea (Asclep.) and 
Cyphia (Campanul.) with fleshy roots or tubers. The most 
frequently used kind, called Kam be roe (kambroo), is 
Fockea (rngnsti folia. The juic}^ root is eaten raw or made 
into a preserve with sugar. Occasionally also F. undulata. 
Berg — , F. cajjensis, (Prince Albert district) is very large 
but not edible. Bos — , Cyphia silvatica and Veld — » 
C. voluhilis, C. digitata and C. incisa, possess small round 
tubers, rich in inuline (a substance allied to starch). 

Bastard iron wood, etc. v. Ironwood, etc. 

Baviaans'appel. A gall on Asparagus strictus. (E. Ko.). 

„ 'kers = Bergcypres. 

„ 'klauw = Luisjes. 

„ 'kost. Hydnora africana, more frequently called 
J a k h a 1 s'k o s t. In some parts of the Karoo the same 
name is applied to Augea capensis, the roots being 
unearthed by baboons. 

„ 'oor. Eriospermum latifoliit'm. A tuberous plant, produc- 
ing a single round leaf flat on the ground (winter). 

„ 'schoen. Whiteheadia hifolia. (Cedar mts.). Also 
A ndroeynihium vielanthioides ( Jansenville). 

„ ' sta.&rt.Barl)accnia retinervis. The short, black and fibrous 
stems (No.) employed like scrubbing brushes. 

„ touw (Monkey rope). Various lianas of the forest, viz., 
the wild grape {Rhoicissus capensis), the milky rope 
(^eca)none Thnnbcrgii), the thorny rope, Dalbergia 
armata, D. ohovata and some others. 

., 'uintje V. Uintje and Monkey-bulb. 
Baviaantje = Babiaantje. 

Bean, Soudanese — (Hyacinth — ). Dolichos LahlaJ). (Na.i. 
Bean tree, Hottentot's — , v, Boerboon. 

Beech, Cape — . Myrsine meJanopJüeos. The wood, when 
polished, more beautiful than beech (Fagus). 

Beeste'biil. Crassula portulacea. An arborescent succulent 
Avith a fleshy trunk, frequent in the Little Karoo, Addo 
bush, etc. 



10 BEESTE- — BESSING- 

Beeste'klauw. Eriospermum spec. (No). The leaf has some- 
what the outline of the footprint of a cow (miniature). 
Bee-sting bush = Bijangel. 
Beet'bossie. Leontonyx angustifolius. A weed. 

Beggar ticks. Bidens pilosa. Also called Black jack and 
Wewenaar or Weduwnaar. 

Begging hand. Disa spathulata (Tulbagh, etc.). Lip very 
long, projecting horizontally. 

Begonia, Wild — . Several indigenous species (E. & No), most 
frequent B. natalensis, a small-leaved kind. 

Belladonna lily = Amaryllis. 

Belombra tree (Bella sombra, sometimes corrupted into 
" Belhambra ") . Phytolacca dioica, a quick-growing shade 
tree from S. Amer. The fruit often made into jam. 

Bels. Osmitopsis asteriscoides. The aromatic leaves used 
medicinally as a stomachic. Pappe and others erroneously 
spell the name ^' Bellis." 

Berg 'aster. Lachnaea ftlamentosa. (Cedar mts.). 
„ 'bast. Osyris ahyssinica. Leaves and bark used for 

tanning ( Transvaal ) . 
„ 'cypres (Sapree). Widdringtonia cupressoides. Frequent 

from Table Mountain to the T)rakensbergen. Shrub or 

small tree. 
„ 'kamille. Gamolepis pectinata. Med. 
„ 'klapper. Montinia caryophyllacca. The seeds rattle in 

the capsule. Also Tetraria secans (Riversdale). 
„ 'lelie. Vallota purpurea. Frequent on the Outeniqua mts., 

generally known as K n y s n a lily. 
„ 'nagel. Lachenalia ruhida. Also found in the Cape Flats. 
„ 'palmiet. Tetraria ihermalis (Elim). 
„ 'pruim. Pappea capensis, also called Kaambes. A 

shrub of the eastern Karoo, fruit small, with a thin layer 

of acidulous pulp. 
„ 'rocs. Protea rosacea (Tulbagh). In the Bokkeveld 

Malvastrum hryonifolium. 
„ 'tee. Geranium incanum. A frequent herb of grassy hills. 
„ 'viool. Brachycarpaea varians. 

Bessing'bos. Rhus Dregeana, R. erosa, etc. Shrubs of the 
northern districts. Fruits numerous but small, containing 
just a little pulp. 



BETSIE — BITTER- 11 

Betsie. Appears to be applied (Wellington, Caledon) to several 
pretty shrublets, e.g., Adenandra uniflora. 

Beuke'hout. Several species of Fmirea, viz. F. saligna 
(Tr. Rhod.) ; F. Galpinii (Zoutpansberg) ; F. speciosa 
(No.). The Cape beech (Myrsine) is sometimes called 
Wit — . 

Bevertjes. Briza media*. 

Bezem 'riet. In the South- West several species of Restiaceae, 
e.g., Cannomois Cephalotes, Elegia verticillaris, Restio 
triticeuSj R. venustulus^ Leptocarpus paniculatus, etc. 
Several kinds of shrubs are also used as Bezemgoed 
(brooms). 

Bies (biezen). Scirpus litoraUs, S. nodosuSj etc. 

Bies'roei. Bolartia spathacca. An iridaceous plant with rush- 
like leaves and yellow flowers; occupies large tracts in the 
coastal districts. Much employed for fruit-baskets. 

Bietouw (Biedouw). Several quite different plants of the 
order Compositae bear this name. In the coast districts 
it is Osteospermum moniliferum, hence the name " Bietouw 
rivier" (Knysna). This plant is poisonous (widely spread 
throughout the country). In Calvinia the same name is 
applied to a valuable stock-food, viz., Tripteris sinuata. In 
the Roggeveld it is T. linearis and T. glandulosa. Another 
kind is Haplocarpha lyrata, and in the Sandveld of 
Namaqualand it appears to be a species of Dicoma. 
In the Eastern Prov. it is Dimorphotheca Ecklonis (other- 
wise known as the Van Stade n^s daisy), a poisonous 
herb. 

Bij 'angel. Azima tetracantha. A shrub of the coastal dunes 
with sharp thorns (often in double pairs). 

Bimbri'kost = Wild Grape. 

Bindweed (Black — ). Polygonum Convolvulus*. Occasionally 

on lands, also Convolvulus arvensis* 

Bingelkruid = Mercury. 

Bird of paradise flower. Strelitzia Reginae and S. augusta. 

Bird's brandy. Lantana salvifolia. (E.). 

Bitter 'appel or Gift 'appel. Solanum Sodomaeum. A prickly 
half -shrub with blue flowers and firm, yellow berries, about 
the size of a globular walnut. S. aculeastrum is much 
larger, and the fruit as large as an apple. Both poisonous. 

„ bark. Bersama Tysoniana. (E.). 



12 BITTER- — BLAÜW- 

Bitter' blaar. Brachylaena elliptica. Au arborescent shrub 
(eastern). Leaves used med. (diabetes, etc.). 

„ 'boeia = bitter melon. 

„ 'bossie. Chrysocoma teniufoUa. A small slirublet of the 
Karoo, etc., hardly a foot high, which now prevails in 
many parts formerly occupied by the Schaapbos 
(Pentzia). The animals do not eat it on account of its 
bitter taste, but the flower tops are a welcome food when 
herbage is scarce (Nieuwveldj. In the coast districts the 
same name is applied to Cliironia hacciiera (Aambeie'- 
bos), one of the native remedies in cases of lepra. 

„ 'hout ( — wortel). Xysmalohium undulatum. The stout, 
woody rootstock is a popular lemedy in the Central dis- 
tricts of the Cape. A nearly allied plant, also called 
Bitterwortel, is Asclepias crispa. 

» melon. Citrullus vulgaris, var. amara. (Wild coloquint). 
Frequent in the Karoo and Kalahari regions. 

„ 'osse = Bittermelon (Little Karoo). 

Blaargift = Giftblaar. 

Black bark. Royena lucida. A medium-sized tree. The inner 
bark very dark, the timber suitable for furniture. 

Blackberry (Bramble). Ruhiis pinnatus. A very variable 
plant. The introduced i?. fruticosus (from Eur.) is less 
frequent. 

Black-eyed Susan. Hibiscus Trionum* 

Blackjack (S.A.). Bidens pilosa. 

Blackwood, Australian — (introd.). Acacia melanoxylon 
(Stink boontje). For S. A. — v. Zwarthout. 

Bladderwort. Utricularia stcllaris, etc., with floating leaves, 
some other species terrestrial. 

Blauw 'bekkie. Heliophila pilosa. Annual. 
„ 'blommetje (Karoo). Felicia spec. 

„ 'bos. Royena pallen s. Frequent in all the drier districts. 
„ 'buffel V. Grasses. 
„ 'kappie. Polygala virgata. A very ornamental, profusely 

flowering shrublet of the coast districts. 
„ 'pruim = Jakhals 'pruim. 

„ 'riet = Bergviool. Often leafless when in flower. 
„ 'suiker 'bos. Protea neriifoUa. Worcester, etc. 
,. 'zaad V. Grasses. 



BLINK- — BOETA- 13 

Blink 'blaar. Rhamnus prinoides. Shrub or small tree of the 
forest districts with glossy foliage. Occurs also in 
Abyssinia. Another small tree bearing the same name is 
Zizyphus mucronata, otherwise known as Wacht-een-bietje. 

Blistering bush (Wild celery). Peucedaniim GalMnum. 
Produces dermatitis and blisters within 40-50 hours after 
contact with the bare skin. (S.W.). 

Blom 'bos. Metalasia muricata. One of the most frequent 
shrubs of the coastal districts. Leaves narrow, pointed; 
flower-heads in dense clusters, white, strongly scented 
(Winter). 

Blommetje , Geel — . Lyperia crocea. The flowers used as a 
dye instead of saffron, also medicinally, v. Tee. 

Blomkool, Wilde — . Anthericum ciliatum. The young 
inflorescence, before it unfolds its clusters of buds, is used 
as a vegetable in the Sandveld (Clanwilliam, etc.) Similar 
to Hotnotskool. 
„ „ -ganna v. Ganna. 

Blood flower. Haemanthus natalensis. A translation of the 
generic name. 

Bluebell (Caledon). Gladiolus spathaceus. At George it is 

G. involutiis and at Tulbagh G. Bolusii. 
„ berr3' (Drakensbergen, etc.) Vaccinuwi Exiil. This is the 
only species of Vacciniaceae in S.A. Well-known 
European species are the bilberry, cowberry and cranberry. 

Blushing bride. Serruria florida. One of the most beautiful 
and rarest flowers of S.A., known only from one of the 
valleys of the upper Bergriver (Franschhoek). Flowering 
in winter. 

Bobo = Knobwood. 

Boer boon. This name is applied to the four species of the 
genus Schotia, the young seeds being edible like beans. 
Trees with showy flowers. S. speciosa, dwarf, with mimosa 
like foliage and red flowers (Little Karoo, etc.). 8. latifoUa 
(Bos — ) a forest-tree with pink flowers. 8. hrachypetala 
(Hottentots — ) bears large trusses of dark red (blood- 
coloured) flowers directly on the old wood. 
S. transvaalensis occurs in the North. 

Boesmans'tee v. Tea. 

Boeta'bessie. Osteospermum moniliferum. q.v. 



14 BOETE- — BOTER- 

Boete'bossie (Boeteklis). Xanthium spinosum (Burweed), 
occasionally also X. strumarium. So named because 
farmers not eradicating the weed are liable to a fine. 

Bog-a-bog = Lemonwood. 

Bogwood. Nuxia congesta. A forest-tree. 

Bok'baard. Festuca caprina (grass). 

„ 'baardje. Gladiolus spec. ? (Bokkeveld). 

„ 'bessie == Boeta'bessie. 

„ 'doorn. Lycium horridum. Employed for hedges. One 
of the few shrubs of the coastal districts which drop their 
leaves in summer. 

„ 'hoorntjes. The seed-vessels (always in pairs) of various 
asclepiads, e.g., Stapelia, Microloma, etc. 
„ 'kost. Kleinia radicans. A tender, trailing, succulent 
composite of the Karoo, living in the shelter of small 
shrubs (a "bijwoner," as all exposed plants are eaten by 
the grazing animals). Also a Zygophyllum spec. ? 

„ 'noors V. Noors. 

Boog. Groton gratissimus. (No). 

Borriehout = Lemonwood. 

Bos'barroe v. Barroe. 

„ 'druif. Rhoicissus capensis. A vine with beautiful foliage, 
often climbing into high trees and ornamenting the glens 
of forests. The berries are large, but hardly pleasant to eat 
on account of their high acidity. Make a delicious jelly or 
jam of brilliant colour. 

„ 'guarri v. Guarri. 

„ 'peper. Piper capense. A climbing half -shrub of the 
forests. 

„ 'vijge V. Wild fig. 

Bosjesman's'gift v. Giftboom. 
„ 'tee V. Tea. 

Bossies'tee v. Bush tea. 

Boterbloin. Applied to a number of different plants. The 
Gee! — (E: buttercup) is Ranunculus pinnatus, one of 
the few indigenous species of the genus. The Wit — is 
Dimorphotheca plunialis. Some yellow composites bear 
the same name, e.g., Gazania pinnata. 
Also the pale yellow variety of Sparaxis grandiflora 
(Malmesbury). 



BOTER- — BREAD- 15 

Boter 'boom. Cotyledon paniculata. A deciduous succulent of 
the Little Karoo and similar tracts. Stem stout and 
fleshy. Leafless in summer. In Damaraland several 
species of Cissus with similar trunks are so designated, 
(v. Ko'bas). 

Bottle^brush (Na), Greyia Sutherlandii v. Baakhout. 

Bout-Kouterie, Gasteria acinacifolia. Zwartkops, etc. 

Box, Cape — , Buxus MacOwani {East Lond.). A good wood 

for engravers. 
„ , False Cape — == Kamassi. 

Box Wattle, Notohuxus natalensis, nearly allied to the real 
box. 

Braam 'bos (Braamen), v. Blackberry. 

Bracken, Pteridiiim aquilinum. Cosmopolitan. 

Brak 'bos (Salt-bush). Several species of Atriplex are useful 
food-plants for stock. A. Halimus is the common indigenous 
salt-bush, frequent along the banks of rivers and on 
brackish ground of the drier districts, v. Saltbush. 

„ 'ganna, v. Ganna. 

„ 'slaai, Meserribrianthemum crystalUnum (Ice plant) and 
a few other species. Good stock-food when young. 

Bramakanka = Kukumakranka. 

Bramble (Braamboos), Ruhus pinnatus. 

Brand 'blaren, Knowltonia vesicatoria. Leaves employed as a 
vesicant. 

„ 'boontje, Mucuna coriacea. Tropical. Pods clothed with 
sharp-pointed stinging hairs. 

5, 'bossie, Mohria caffrorum. Not a shrub' but a small 
deciduous fern of the South West; the leaves appear in 
great numbers after a bush fire when the shrubby vegeta- 
tion, otherwise overshadowing these plants, has been 
destroyed. One of the few ferns with an aromatic foliage. 

„ 'ielie, Cyrtanthus angustifolius. In many localities not 
flowering unless the ground has been cleared by a veld fire, 
e.g., on Table Mountain near the reservoirs. 

„ 'netel (pron: Branneukel), Urtica urens* 

Brandewijn 'bos = Rozijntje bos. 

Bread and Cheese. Malva parviflora* etc. 



1 n BREAD- — BT^LRUSH 

Bread-tree, Kaffir — . Encephalartos caffer, E. Lehmanni, 
E. Altensteinii, etc. The pith contains starch and is 
turned into a food by the natives, like sago. 

Breed 'zaad, v. Grasses. 

Brittle wood, Nuxia tomentosa. Forests. 

Broad leaf. Abbrev. for Broad-leaved plantain: 
Plantago major, a frequent weed (Eur.). 

Bron'slaai (Bron' kost slaai) == Water cress. 
Brood 'boom = Bread-tree. 

Broomrape, Blue — , Orohanche ramosa. A leafless parasite, 
on the roots of grasses, etc. Also in Europe and Asia. 

Brother berries = Bush tick berry. 

Buchu. The true or round-leaved buchu is obtained from 
Barosma hetulina, a shrublet of the Cedar mts. The 
leaves are mostly exported to the United States of 
America for medicinal purposes. Recently taken into 
cultivation on the Cedar — , 01 if ants River — and Paarl 
mts. Long-leaf — , from B. crenata, now less valued, has 
a wider distribution, from Ceres to Stellenbosch and 
Caledon (mts.). The Fontein — , B. serratifolia, also called 
the Berg — or 01 if ants — . Some species of Diosma 
go under the name of Wild — . Agathosma ciliata is called 
Steinbok — . In districts where such rutaceous plants 
do not occur, other aromatic shrublets are employed for 
similar purposes, viz. — bos (Little Nam.) a composite, 
Pteronia onol)romoides, the — kruid of Griqualand West, 
a perennial herb with a fleshy rootstock, is Othonna 
auriciilaefolia. The Klip — or Hottentots — (Nam.) is 
a lichen of the coast belt (on rocks). 

Buckweed (Na.). Isoglossa Woodii. A good stockfood, sup- 
posed to flower only once in seven years, e.g. 1916 (May). 

Buffalo grass v. Grasses. 

Buffels'doorn (Buffalothorn), Zizyphus mucronata. Bears 

several other names, e.g. Wacht-een-bietje. 
„ 'hoorn, BurchelUa capensis. The fruit crowned with 

horn-like appendages. Name occasionally corrupted into 

Buffelsdoom. 

Buig-mij-niet = Cape box. East London. 
„ „ „ (Port E.). SmelopJiyllum capense. 
Bulrush. Typha capensis and T. austraUs. The true bulrush 
of Great Britain is a Scirpus. 



BUK- — CAMEL 17 

Bur-clover (not Boer clover) , also called Littleburweed, 
is Medicago denticulata and M. laciniata. The burs are 
the spirally twisted pods. 
„ weed. Xantlüum spiuosum. The ripe capitulum is hard 
and covered with hooked bristles, hence very troublesome 
when getting into the fleece of sheep, v. also Star bur. 
„ , Bathurst — = Mexican Poppy. 
Bushbuck food (East Lond.), Isoglossa densiflora. 

Bushman's candle, !Sarcocaulon rigidum. Similar to the more 
widely spread C a n d 1 e b u s h {S. Burmanni) . 

„ „ tea V. Tea. 

Bush tea. Various shrublets are used as tea by the natives 
and colonists (v. tea and tee), but the most generally 
employed kind is derived from species of the genus 
Cyclopia. The bulk of the common article is obtained from 
C. Yogelii (Swellendam). Near Cape Town this is re- 
placed by C. genistoides and in the Zwartebergen by 
C. latifolia. The tea is free from stimulating alkaloids, 
but contains cyclopine, etc. 

Biishtick berry. One of the names of Osteospermum 
monilijerum. 

Butter-and-eggs, Schizodium flexuosuin. A pretty orchid with 
white and yellow flowers. 

Buttercup (Cape), Ranunculus pinnatus. 

Often also applied to Freesia re f r acta and other irida. 

Butter pits. Seeds of the Naras plant, q.v. 

Cabbage palm, or — tree. Cussonia spicata. Does not belong 
to the palms but to Araliaceae, of which the ivy is a well 
known member. The real cabbage-palm is a species of 
Areca (Trop.). 

Cactus, Jointed — , Opuntia pusilla, from Central America, 
now a nasty weed in the eastern parts. See also '' Foreign 
Plants " in Part III. 

Calla == White arum. 

Camdeboo stinkwood. Celtis Kraussiana. A tree frequent in 
wooded ravines and the forests of the coast. 

Camel thorn. Acacia Giraffae. A tree of slow growth but of 
large dimensions when fully developed. Frequent north 
of the Orange river. Wood dark brown and very hard. 



18 CAMPHOR — CEDAR 

Camphor bush = Kamfer'bos. 
„ tree (S.A.). Cryptocarya vacciniifolia. Kingwilliamstown 
district. 

Cancer bush. Sutherlandia frutescens. A half-shrub, 2 — 4 feet 
high, with scarlet flowers. A much esteemed remedy, for 
various purposes, among the natives. Clinical experi- 
ments have not shown any specific action on cancer. 

Candelabra flower. Brunsvigia gigantea and B. Josephinae. 
Flowering (March) before the appearance of the new 
leaves. The star of flowers 2 feet in diam. 

Candle bush. Sarcocaulon Burmanni. A low spiny suc- 
culent of the arid regions (flowers white). Bums, even 
when fresh, like a torch. Very similar is 8. rigidum of the 
southern Namib (flowers pink). A smaller species is 
S. Patersonii (Gr. Rt. etc.). 
„ wood. Gardenia Rothmannia. An eastern forest-tree. 

Cape — (in compound words) v. other word. 

Cape-grasses. Various species of Restiaceae are used for dry 

floral ornaments, e.g., species of Thamnochortus, Elegia, 

Cannomois. 
„ weed. Cryptostemma calendulaceum. This plant, one 

of the G o u s b 1 o m m e n of the South West, bears this 

name in the Tr. 
Capers, Cape — . Capparis citrifoUa. The flower buds used 

like real capers (O. spinosa, Mediterr.). 
Cardamom, Wild — . Fagara capensis (Xanthoxylum 

capense). (Knob wood.) Fruit highly aromatic, med. 
Carpet flower, Karoo — . Aptosimum depresstim^ etc. 
Carrion flower. Various species of Stapelia. v. Aasblom. 
Carrot fern v. Ferns. 
Castor-oil plant. Ricinus communis. Grown as a garden 

plant, often half wild. Cultivated in India, Egypt, etc., 

for the oil contained in its seeds. 
Cats 'ear. Hypochaeris radicata. Weed. 

„ tail. Struthiola stricta, etc. 
Cat thorn. Asparagus stipulaceus of the drier regions. Form- 
ing an entangled mass full of sharp recurved spines. 

V. Katdoorn. 
Cedar, Clanwilliam — . (Cederboom). Widdringtonia 

juniperoides. {Callitris juniperoides Endl.) Growing only 



CEDAR — CHRISTMAS- 19 

on the Cedar mountains at and above the 3000 feet level. 
Wood highly esteemed. Tree and wood more in the 
nature of a cypress; the other two S.A. species of the 
genus are called " cypres " by the colonists, v. Bergcypres 
and Sapree. 
Celery, Wiïd — . Peucedanum Galhanmn. v. Blistering Bush. 
Chamomile, Mountain — . Gamolepi-s pectinata. 
„ , Wild — . Matricaria glahraia. The real chamomile 
{M. chamomilla) , from Europe, occasionally in corn fields. 
„ , Stinking — . Anthemis cotula* Eur. weed. 

Champignon. The French word for mushroom, here mostly 
employed for PsalUota campestris and pron iZampioen. 

Charlock (Jointed — ). Raphanus Raphanistrum. A cosmo- 
politan weed of grain lands. May be destroyed by spray- 
ing with a w^eak solution of green vitriol. The true 
charlock ^inapis arvensiSj not so frequent here. 

Cherry, Cape — -= Kububessie. 
„ , Hottentots — . Maurocenia Frangula. Sometimes 

also Royena lucida, the fruit of the latter being more like 

a cherry than the former. 
„ , Kaffir — . Gardenia Neuheria. 
„ wood == Kersehout. Pterocelastrus variabilis. A very 

showy shrub or tree when in fruit. 

Chestnut, Wild — . Calodendron capense. Fruit somewhat 
resembling the real chestnut (Castanea vesca). A fine 
tree of the southern forests and a glorious sight when in 
flower (summer). Also called Cape — . 

Chick weed. Stellaria media. Cosmopolitan. 

China flower. Adcnandra uniflora. The petals as white as 

porcelain, often with a rosy tint. 
Chinese lantern. Nymania capensis. The inflated capsules, 

generally red. 
„ „ lily. Sander sonia aurantiaca. Eastern district. 
Chinkerichee, Omithogalum thyrsoides. Also going under 

the name of Viooltje^ and Star of Bethlehem. 

Herbage and flowers poisonous to stock. 
Christmas bells. (Na). Trichilia emetica. Otherwise known 

as Cape Mahogany. 
,, — berry. (Dronkbessie). Chymococca empetroides. A 

shrublet of the sand hills along the sea-shore of the 



20 CHRISTMAS- — CORN- 

South West. Berries bright scarlet, ripening in mid- 
summer. Said to destroy or expel flies. At Mosselbay 
applied to Chironia haccifera, also used for decorations on 
account of the bright red berries. 

Christmas bush. Pavetta lanceohita. (E.). 

Cineraria, Wild — . l^enecio elegans, one of the parents of 
the garden — . ('oastal distr. 

Clover. Wild species are Trifolium africanum and T. 

Burchellianum. For cult. spec. v. part III. 
„ , Yellow — . Listia hetcrophylla (called Hop-clover in 

South Africa). 
„ , Bur — V. Bur-clover. 

Club -mosses. Species of Lycopodium. 

Coal wood. Lachnostylis capensis. A small eastern forest- 
tree. 

Cockle-bur (Burweedl. Aanthium strumarium. 

Coco = ^^Ugrass. 

Coffee, Wild — . . Gardenia citriodora and Krausski 
lanccolaia. Both plants belong to the same family as the 
real cotfee iCoffcd arahica). Occasionally the seeds of 
the wild palm [Phoenhr recUnata) are called "wild 
coffee," probably on account of some resemblance to coffee 
beans. Sometimes the same name applied to Royena lucida. 

Coloquint, Wild — == Bitter melon. 

Concertina. Crassula perforata. (Knysna). 

Coral creeper. Microloma tenuifolium, etc. 

Coral tree. Erythrlna caffra. Flowers and seeds bright 
scarlet. Flowering in spring before the leaves appear. 
Another species with similar flowers but larger leaves is 
E, tomentosa (Corktree). 

Corktree. Erythrina tomentosa. (Na). So named on account 
of the ajjpearance of the bark. The cork of commerce is 
obtained from Quercus suher (Spain), an evergreen oak, 
which thrives well in the South West. 
„ wood. Cornmiphura caryaefolia (East.). A large tree, 
the wood very light. Also C. Harveyi. 

Corncockle. Agrostemma Githago. A Eur. weed. Seeds 

poisonous. 
„ cromwell. Lithospermiim arvense* Weed. Tr. 



CROTCH — DAGOA 21 

Couch-grass, Cape — or Fine — . Cynodon Dactylon. \n 
England the same name is applied to Triticum repens. 
V. Kweek. 

Cowherb. Vaccaria vulgar is ^ an occasional weed. 

Cranberry, Cape — . Dovyalis rhamnoides. Not related to 

the English — (Vaccininm Vitis Idaea). 
Crassula, Red — . Rocliea coecinea. One of the most gorgeous 

mountain flowers of the South West (summer). 

Cream-of-tartar tree v. Baobab. The fruit contains a whitish 
acidulous powder, but not any tartar, the acidity being 
due to citric acid. 

Creeping fern. Gleichcnia polypodioidcs. 

Cress, Cape — or Pepper — . Lepidium capense. Contains a 

sharp substance like water-cress. 
„ , Wart — , Coronopus didymns. A common weed from 

S. America. 
„ , Water — v. Water cress. 

Crocus, Natal — . Apodolirion Buchananl (Amaryllid.). The 
Eur()j)ean — is C. satwus (Iridac). 

Crotalaria. A large genus of S.A. shrublets. 

C. CO pens is grown as an ornamental shrub, called C a p e- 
L a b u r n u m ; C. Burkeana, poisonous. Tr. 

Crownberry = Cranberry, Cape — . (East Lond.). 

Cucumber tree (Sausage tree). Kigelia pinnata. A tropical 
tree with showy flowers and large cylindrical fruits; 
extending to the northern Transvaal. 

Cudweed. Gnaphaliiim luteo-alhum. Cosmopolitan. 

Curly-curly. Dipcadi hyacintJwides. Leaves spirally twisted. 

Currant, Red — . Rhus laevigata. A tree of the eastern 
forests. In other parts the name Wild — applied to 
R. mucronata or R. tomentosa, etc. (shrubs). 

Custard-apple, Wild — . Anona senegalensis. Trop. Africa, 
reaching Natal. Fruit small, but very aromatic. The 
cultivated species is A. reticulata*, from trop. America. 

Cypress, Mountain — , v. Bergcypres. 

Dagga (Wild). Leonotis Leomirus, The leaves smoked by the 
natives like those of the Indian hemp {Cannabis 
sativa*, called Mak — ), producing a similar stupefying 
effect. L. Leonitis (L. ovata), with similar properties is the 



22 DAGGA — DEVILS- 

Klip — or Koppies — . In the East. Prov. one of the 
native remedies against snake bite. Also said to restore 
over-corpulent persons to a normal figure. 

Daisy. Besides the cultivated kinds (q.v.) various wild com- 
posites. The more widely known species are: Dimor- 
photheca pluvialis, Cape — (annual) ; D. aurantiaca, 
Namaqua — ; D. nudicaulis (perennial) , Ox-eye — ; 
D. Ecklonis. Van Staden's — ; Osmitopsis asteriscoides 
(half -shrub), Mountain — ; Gerhera Jamesoni (perennial), 
Barberton — ; Q. aurantiaca, Hilton — ; Zinnia pauci- 
flora* (from Amer.) Kaffir — . 

Dakriet. Dovea tectorum. Sandy tracts of the South West. 
Other Restiaceae also employed for thatching are 
Thamnochortus spicigerus and Restio giganteus. The 
European reed (Phragmites communis) used for the same 
purpose, where available, goes here under the name of 
Fluitjes-riet. 

Dancing thorn = Dansdoorn. 

Dan's cabbage. Senecio latifolius. Causes Molteno disease. 

Dans 'doorn. Aspalathus spinosa. Probably named by some 

barefooted person. 
Darnel. Lolium temulentum*. A poisonous grass (Eur.). 

Dassie'bos. Stachys rugosa. Strongly scented half -shrub of 

the mountains in the central and northern districts. 

Foliage whitish, tomen tose, flowers yellow or pink. 
Date, Cape — , Plectronia ventosa. Fruit with some remote 

resemblance. 
„ palm, Wild — . Phoenix reclinata. Fruit much smaller 

than the real date {P. dactylifera) , with a little sweetish 

pulp. 
Dauw 'blom v. Sundew. 

Dauw'worm'bos. Lohostemon fruticosus. A decoction used 

against ringworm. 
Davib or Dawee. Tamarix articulata, A small tree on the 

banks of rivers in the drier districts. Thrives in brackish 

soil, if the subsoil not too dry. 
Davidjes. Antizoma capensis (Cissampelos capensis). The 

roots employed like sarsaparilla. The foliage poisonous. 
„ — wortel. Melothria punctata. . Used like bryony root. 
Death cup. Amanita phalloides. The most dangerous species 

of toadstool. Fig. on plate 3 in Flora of S.A., Vol. I. 

DeviFs thorn = Dubbeltje. 



D'HAL — DOORN- 23 

D'hal. Ca janus indicus* Seeds used like peas by the Indians 
in the Tr. 

Di'alsa'bossie. (Knysna). Gerlera Burmanni. A stemless 
perennial herb, used as a tea. Name? 

Dik 'bast. Dorribeya rotundifolia. A small tree of the northern 
and eastern districts, bearing a profusion of white flowers 
early in spring (when leafless). 

Dingaans apple = Kei apple. 

Disa. A large genus of S.A. orchids. The best known species 
are: D. uni flora, the Large red — (Pride of T. Mt.) ; 
D. graminifoUa, the Blue — ; D. ferruginea, the Cluster 
— ; D, longicornu, the Mauve or Drip — . 
Formerly the large Disa was known as Bakjes 'blom. 

Dissel'doorn. Most species of Stohaea are thistle-like herbs 
or half-shrubs with very spiny leaves and yellow flowers. 
S. cruciata is up to 6 feet high, and the capitula are 2-3 
inches in diam. (Bokkeveld). 

Distel, Melk — . Sonchus oleraceus. A common cosmopolitan 
weed, also called Zuig'dissel (zij dissel). 

Dobo lily = Brand-lelie. 

Dock (D: Tongblaar). Several species of Rumex, e.g., 
R. crispus and R. conglomeratus. Leaves used like spinach 
(for bredie). R. Ecklonii (smaller dock) is a colonial 
remedy for tapeworm. 

Dodder. Several species of Cuscuta, viz., the indigenous 
C. africana, G. nitida and the introduced C. racemosa (on 
lucerne) . 

Dog plum. Ekehergia capensis and E. Meyeri. (E. & No). 

Dogrose, African — . Oncoia Kraussiana (Flacourtiac.) 
Natal. 

„ „ , White — V. Rose. 
Doorn 'blad v. Prickly pear. 

„ 'bos. Cliff ortia rusdfolia. Leaves sharp-pointed. S.W. 

„ 'boom. Acacia Karroo. Although all species of Acacia 
are provided with thorns, either straight or curved, 
this species, with its very long white thorns is the 
Thorn-tree (zoet doorn) . Syn : A. horrida. 

„ 'peer. Scolopia Zeyheri. A very hard wood. 

„ 'tee. Cliffortia ilicifolia. A small evergreen shrub of the 
South West (mountains). 



24 DOORN — DTHKER- 

Doorn'vijg. Mesemhrianthemum spinosum. A small spiny 
shrub of the Karoo, in some parts the principal fodder- 
plant. The fruit is a capsule, not a fig, but all species of 
this genus are called V i j g e-b o s s i e s on accoun t of 
M. edule, the Hottentot's fig. 

Draai 'bossie. Aster flUfolius. A valuable fodder-bush of the 
Karoo. 

Drabok == Darnel. 

Drachies. Scutia Commersonii. See also D r o o g -m ij n-k eel. 

Dral'peer = Dikbast. 

Driedoorn. Rhigozum trichototnum and R. ohovatum. Shrubs 
of the Karoo generally branching trichotomously. In good 
seasons the first-named bears a profusion of yellow 
flowers for a few weeks, hence its other name Gele 
granaat. The other one has smaller white flowers. 

Droedas-kruiden. Pharnaceum lineare. Med. 
Dronk 'bessie = Christmas berry. 
„ 'gras (Cape). Melica decumhens. The only indigenous 

grass of which toxic properties known. 
„ 'gras (Tr.) . This is not a grass but a horse-tail, Equiaetum 
ramosissimum. 

Droog-mijn-keel. Cissus cirrhosa. Nearly allied to our wild 
grape, but the fruit contains such a powerful irritant that 
a single berry, if chewed, will cause great pain, hence the 
vernacular name. The same name applied to Scutia 
Commersonii. 

Drumsticks. Zaluzianskya villosa, etc. Allusion to the shape 
of the buds which are closed during the day. 

Dubbeltje or — doorn. Modification of Duiveltje. Several 
S.A. plants, decumbent or trailing on the ground, the 
fruits provided with sharp spines. Animals treading on 
such a spinous body carry it away, and a bare-footed 
person treading on it would suffer considerable pain. The 
vernacular name has been evidently given on account of 
this contrivance for the distribution of their seeds. Pretrea 
zangueharica (north, distr.) is the largest kind, also called 
Duivels-dis; Trihulus terrestris a common weed of 
most warm countries. Emex anstralis also throughout 
the country. Beest — v. Grapple plant. 

Duckweed. Lemna minor. 

Duiker's horen = Bokhoorntjes. 



DUINE — ELDER 25 

Duine'bessie. Miindtia spinosa. A spiny shrublet of the Cape 
Flats and other sandy tracts, bearing large red berries, 
eagerly eaten by tortoises and children. 
„ 'tee V. Tee. 

Duivekervel. Fiimaria officinalis. A garden weed from 
Europe. The cultivated kervel is Chaerophyllttni 
hiilhosmn* (Umbelliferae) . 

Duivels' brood ( — kost) == Death cup. 
„ 'dis V. Dubbeltje. 
Duiveltje = Dubbeltje. 
Duizend knoop. Polygonum aviciilare, etc. 

Dumba. Loranthus DregeL Native name applied to the 
swelling (technically called a ''chimera"), produced by 
the parasite on the branch of the host {Acacia caffra, etc.) 

Dupres'knop (corrupted from Cypres, sometimes pron. 
"sapree"), Widdringtonia cupressoides v. Berg-cypres. 

Dwaba. Popowia caffra. (Na). 

Dwadwa. Leucosidea sericea. (East.). 

Dysentery herb. Monsonia ovata and M. hiflora. Herb and 
root called K e i t a. Specially useful in cases of dysentery. 

Earth star. Several species of Geaster (puff-ball faijiily). 

Ebbehout. Euclea pseudehenus. A medium-sized tree of 
Namaqualand, the heartwood very close-grained and black. 
Ebony, Cape — = Ebbehout. 
„ , (Pondoland). Heyicoodia lucens. 

Eendje. Sutherlandia frutescens. The pods form a toy for 
children. In the eastern Karoo the leaves of 
Cotyledon Cooperi (speckled) and C. rhombifolia (plain) 
are used by children in a similar way (floating them on 
water). 

Elands boontje. Elephantorrhiza BttrchelUi. The popular 
name refers to the large size of the pods. A small deciduous 
perennial, the annual shoots a foot or two high, but the 
stout rootstock very big, weighing up to 10 pounds. This 
contains much tannin, hence its other name Looier's 
b o s s i e. 
„ 'doorn. Pretrea zanguebarica. 
M vijg = Zuurvijg. 
Elder, Wilde — . Nuxia florihunda. 



26 ELEPHANT'S- — FAN PALM 

Elephant's ear Eriospermum Bellendeni (Queenstown). 
Tuber and leaf the largest in the genus. 

„ food == Spekboom. 

„ foot. Testudinaria elephantipes. The tuber (above 
ground) up to 3 feet in diam., the corky shell areolate, 
hence the other popular name Schildpad; the botanical 
name combines the two designations. On hills and moun- 
tains girding the Karoo. 

„ trunk. Pachypodium namaquanum. A curious, 
cylindrical, very spiny succulent of Little Nam. 4 — 5 feet 
high. 

„ wood. Bolusanthus speciosus. Tr. and No. A showy 
tree when in flower. 

Els, Klip — = Alder, Rock — . 
„ , Rooi — = Red alder. 
„ , Wit ■— = White alder. 

Ertje, Wilde. Dolichos gihhosus. Young pods as a vegetable. 
(S.W.). Also Vicia hirsuta*. An occasional weed. 

„ bossies. Several species of Podalyria and Rafnia. 
Es, Klip — = Rock ash. 
Essehout, Rooi — . Trichilia emetica. 

„ „ , Cape — (Knysna & Kaffraria). Ekebergia capeusis. 

„ „ , Transvaal — . Ekebergia Meyeri. 

Euphorbia, Tree — (Giant — ). Several arborescent species. 
In eastern Cape Colony: E. tetragona, E. grandidens and 
E. triangularis; in Natal and further north: E. ingens 
(often misnamed ''Cactus tree") and E. Cooperi. 

Evening flower = Aandblom. 

„ Primrose. Oenothera odorata (S. Amer.) in gardens; 
Onagra biennis (North Amer.) often on waste lands. 

Everlasting. The commercial kind for export is Helichrysiim 
vestitum. Several others often employed for floral 
ornaments e.g. Helipterum eximium (Strawberry — ) and 
H. variegatum. 

Ewa=trewa (pron : ever trevor). Satyrium coriifolium. Name ? 
Perhaps from " ou'ma-Tre.wa", as in use at Hermanus. 

Ezels'kost. Euphorbia meloformis. (East. Karoo). 

Fairy bells = Grassy bells. 

Fan palm. Two indigenous species, viz.. Hyphaene crinita, 
and in the tropical parts H. ventricosa. 



FEATHER- — PERNS 27 

Featherhead. Phylica capitata. S.W. Spring. 

Fennel. Foeniculum officinale*. From southern Europe, as a 
garden escape. 



FERNS. Natural order FILICES. About 200 species known 

from S.A. The leaves are technically called " fronds." 

A few kinds only possess common names. 
Bootlace — . Vittaria isoetifolia. Fronds long and narrow 

like blades of grass, hanging from cliffs or branches of 

trees. 

Bracken v. Adelaars' varen. 

Carrot — , Asplenium hipinnatum {A. nUaefolium) . Often 
cultivated. 

Climbing — . Lygodium Kerstenii (Na). In cultivation often 
replaced by L. japonicum. 

Creeping — , Gleichenia polypodioides. On moist cliffs. 

Filmy — . Several species of Eymenophyllum, the most 
frequent one being E. tunhridgense. Also Trichomanes 
pyxidiferum. 

Flowering — = Royal — . 

Gold — . Gymnogramma aurea. 

Hare's foot — . Polystichum adiantiforme (Aspidmrn capense). 
Hardy, often grown in rock gardens. 

Maidenhair — . The fine-leaved kind is Adiantum Poiretii, 
frequent in ravines around Table Mountain, etc. The 
cosmopolitan A. capillus-veneris (fronds small but with 
large segments) is rare in the Cape Peninsula. 
A. aethiopicum, intermediate in foliage but taller, in 
Natal, etc. 

Mother — . Several species produce young plants on their 
fronds from bulbillae. Two examples are: Asplenium 
gemmiferum (E.) and A. monanthes. 

Oak-leaf — . At the Cape Doryopteris concolor and in Natal 

Polypodium phymatodes. 
Parsley — , Cheilanthes hirta. Very frequent. 
Resurrection — . Notholaena Eckloniana. Karoo. 

Royal — . Osmunda regalia. Widely spread in Europe and 
Africa. 

Scented — . Mohria caffrorum (Brand bossie). 



28 FERN — FIRE- 

Seven-weeks fern ^ Hare's foot — . 

Silver — . Gymnogramma argentea. 

Staghorn — . Platy cerium hifurcatum. From the forests of 
South -Eastern Africa, growing epiphytically on trunks 
of trees. The convex, brown, cushion-like covers on l^he 
trunk are barren fronds (green when young), whicli 
shelter the pad-like masses of roots. 

Thirty-days — = Hare's foot — . 

Tree-fern (eastern). Cyathea Dregei. Stem up to 20 feet high. 
„ „ (Forest — ). Hemitelia capensis. In wet spots of 
forests from Table Mountain to East Africa. 

Umbrella — . Gleichenia umhracuUfera (eastern). 



Fever tree. Acacia xanthophloea. Growing in the subtropical 
swamps of the north-eastern parts, hence the name. See 
also Eucalyptus in part III. 

Fig, Hottentot's — . Mesemhrianthemum edule. Flowers 

yellow or purplish. 
„ , Sour — . Mesemhrianthemum acinaciforme. Flowers 
purple. The two kinds and their names are well distin- 
guished by the natives, v. Vijg. 
„ , Wild — (Bush). Ficus capensis. A large forest-tree. 
Caulifloral, i.e., the clusters of flowers (and fruit) appear 
on the old wood or even on the old roots near the trunk. 
Fruit an inch or more in diam. The other indigenous 
non-tropical species of Ficus have small fruits. 
„ -Marigold. (Vijge-bossie). Species of Mesemhrianthe- 
mum. The genus is principally S.A., having its head- 
quarters in the Karoo. About 400 species, many with 
gorgeous flowers, yellow, orange, magenta, pink or white. 
Some of the best-known varieties for rock-gardens are 
M. aureum, M. aurantiacum, M. amoenum, M. spectahile, 
etc. M. criniflorum a favoured annual with a variety of 
colours. Name derived from the vernacular name of 
M. edule (v. Hottentot's — ). 

Fijne bos. Euryops linifolius. 

Fila'bos. Laurophyllus capensis. Mts. at Knysna, etc. 

Fire lily (Na). Cyrtanthus sanguineus. 

Fire sticks. Pieces of wood employed by the natives for 
producing fire in the absence of matches, etc. The wood 



FIRE — FREESIA 29 

mostly employed is either from Ficus capensis or 
Brachylaena elUptica, but in other districts it is Asclepias 
fruticosa. Probably some others may be equally suitable. 

Five lingers. Cyanella lutea. (C). 

Flames. Antholyza Merianella. Apparently confined to the 
mountains of the southern portion of the Cape Peninsula. 

Flat crown. Alhizzia fastigiata. A frequent tree of the 
eastern coast districts. 

F-lax, Wild — . Linum africanum, etc. The Cape species have 
yellow flowers. 

Flissie = Freesia. 

Flowering grass. This is no grass, v. Grassy bells. 

Fluitjes' riet. Phragmites communis. The common reed. 

Fluweel' blom. Sparacois tricolor. In Holland this name is 
applied to Rhus typTiina* (from N. Amer.). 

Fluweeltje. Sparaxis tricolor, but in Holland the name 
is used for Tagetes erecta* (frequent in Cape gardens). 

Fly bush. Roridula dentata and the smaller R. Gorgonias. 
The leaves secrete a viscid balsam similar in its nature to 
that on the flowers of some heath (sticky heaths), but 
quite different from the slimy fluid produced by the glands 
of the sundew (Drosera). This balsam protects such 
flowers and leaves against the attacks of creeping insects 
(caterpillars, earwigs, snails, etc.), but does not possess 
any digestive properties, v. Vliege'bos. 
„ — mushroom. Amanita muscaria. Sometimes used as a 
fly poison (milk boiled with slices of the toadstool). 

Fontein 'bos. Psoralea aphylla (Blauw keur). Flowers sweet 

scented. 
„ 'kruid. Potamogeton pusillus, etc. (Pond weed). 

Forget-me-not, Cape — . Myosotis silvatica, but also applied 
to Anchusa capensis and A. riparia. 

Four corners == Kruisbessie. 

Foxtail V. Grasses. 

Frutang. Romulea rosea and other species. Fruit chewed by 
children. 

Freesia. F. refracta. Sweet scented. Several varieties often 
cultivated in gardens. 



30 FUCHSIA — GAUKUM 

Fuchsia, Wild — . Halleria elliptica. Resemblance rather 

imaginary. 
Fumitory. Fumaria officinalis. 

Gaap = Ngaap. 

Gal'bessie. Solanum nigrum. The berries of the Black 
nightshade are known to be poisonous in Europe, 
while here, at any rate in the south-western districts, they 
are harmless and often eaten by children (called 
Nastagal). In other districts they produce vomiting, 
especially when eaten from withered or frost bitten plants. 

Gal 'ziekte 'bos. Chenopodium anthelminthicum. A doubtful 
remedy. 

Ganna (sometimes pronounced Kanna). Several species of 
Salsola. The most frequent kind in brackish soil, espe- 
cially along rivers, is S. aphylla (the Brak — ) ; S. Calluna 
is the Rooi — , and S. Zeyheri, the Kool — or Blomkool 
— , the latter a sweet and highly valued fodder-shrub of 
the central and north-western districts. 
„ 'bast (Brown ganna). Passerina flliformis. The bark of 
all Thymelaeaceae is very tough and hence suitable for 
tying bundles of wood, etc. 

Gansies. The inflated seed-vessels of several plants, used by 
children as toys, also called Eendjes, e.g., Sutherlandia 
frutescens ( — 'keur), Asclepias fruticosa, A. rotundifolixi, 
etc. (= Wilde Kapok). 

Ganze'kost. Cenia turMnata. A small spring annual. 
„ 'voet. Chenopodium vulvaria* G. murale,* etc., weeds. 

Gardenia. Several indigenous species, e.g., G. Thunhergia, are 
known as Wilde Katjepiering. For garden plant 
v. part III. 

Garen 'boom. Agave americana*, not a tree. The leaves yield 
a tough fibre, but for commercial purposes another species, 
viz., A. rigida var. sisalana is far more important; now 
cultivated also in the coast districts of Natal, etc. 

Garlic, Wild — . Tulhaghia alliacea. A small plant with 
pretty brown flowers ; all parts with a strong garlic odour. 
Some other species possess similar properties. 

Garra. Rhus undulata (Wupperthal). 

Gaukum. Mesemhrianthemum edule. (Hottentot's fig). Roots 
med. 



GEEL- — GIFT- 31 

Geerblommetje. Lyperia crocea. The flowers formerly used 
by the Malays like saffron for dyeing kerchiefs and other 
finery. Now artificial dyes (from coal tar) have replaced 
these indigenous products. 

„ „ 'tee (Hongertee). Leyssera gnaphaloides. Much used 
as a harmless beverage by the natives ; also for chest com- 
plaints. 

„ 'kapel. Aspalathus aemula. (Coast). 

„ 'bos, Leucadendron salignum, etc. The flowering heads 
form one mass of yellow on the hills (spring). 

„ 'hout. Three kinds, v. Yellowwood. 

„ 'kop. Liparia sphaerica. A shrublet with drooping, bright 

orange flower-heads. 
Geld'beursie. The capsules of Albuca minor, etc. 
Genees 'blaren. Solanum giganteum, etc. Med. Also Withania 
somnifera. 

Gentian, Wild — . Chironia laccifera. The herb is as bitter as 
the real gentian (Gentiana) of the Alps (= Aambeie'bos). 

George lily. Vallota purpurea. Fairly frequent on the moun- 
tains from George to Humansdorp, locally called Berg- 
lelie, but more widely known as Knysna lily. 

Geranium. Most kinds of cultivated " Geraniums " are species 
of Pelargonium and derived from originally wild S.A. 
plants. The Horseshoe — is P. zonale, var. stenopetalum, 
the Ivy-leaved — , P. peltatum. See also Malf a. 
Gift'appel v. Bitterappel. 

„ blaar. Dichapetalum cymosum. A prostrate shrub with 
a subterranean system of branches; occurring in the 
Transvaal. The leaves contain, at certain seasons, a 
eyanogetic glucoside and evolve prussic acid on maceration. 
Animals eating the foliage at such periods are killed 
within a short time, hence the other name of the plant: 
makouw, ^^maakgauw" (hurry up). 

„ 'bol. Buphane disticha. A large bulb occurring nearly 
throughout the country. It contains some very poisonous 
alkaloids ; was employed as one of the ingredients of arrow 
poison by the Bushmen. 

„ 'boom. (South and East). AcoTcanthera venenata. Con- 
tains a very poisonous glucoside, resembling quabaine. 
The shrub is often grown in gardens on account of its 
sweet-scented and showy flowers; children have occasion- 
ally died from eating the plum-like fruit. 



32 GIFT- — GOM- 

Gift'boom (Van Kynsdorp). Toxicodendron capense. A shrub 
known only from the Giftbergen near Van Rynsdorp, so 
named after it. Seeds used formerly for poisoning 
hyaenas (called "wolve"), hence the name Wolve- 
boontje for the seeds. 

„ 'zeer MeloloMum calycinum. Bechuanaland. 

Gingerbread tree. Hyphaene crinita. Gur indigenous fan 
palm. 

Glas 'hout. Myrica cordifoUa (Waxberry bush). Wood very 
brittle. 

„ tee V. Tee. 

Qli. Ruthea gummifera (Glia). The root was employed by the 
Hottentots for preparing an intoxicating beverage. 
Frequent in the South West. 

Glijblom. Drosera cistiflora, etc. 

Globe amaranth. Gomphrena glohosa*. Occasionally outside 
gardens. 

Gloxinia, Wild — . Charadrophila capensis. A pretty plant 
with the habit of a miniature Gloxinia, the flowers (blue) 
in cymes. Rare, only known from cliffs close to some 
waterfalls at Jonkershoek near Stellenbosch. 

Goats' 'foot. Bauhinia Burkeana, etc. Each leaf consists of 2 
half-connate leaflets, thus resembling in outline a goat's 
spoor. 

Goed karoo v. Karoo. 

Goevernements'bossie. Hermannia paucifolia. The farmers 
of the Bokkeveld and Calvinia know it by another name. 
A strong purgative. 

Golden star (Autumn) = Sterretje. Curculigo plicata 
(west, distr.), appearing immediately after the first 
autumnal rains, often in great numbers. 

„ „ (Winter — ). Hypoxis stellata (yellow variety) and 
H. serrata, etc. Similar in appearance to the Curculigo, 
but botanically different. 

„ willow = Port Jackson — and Rooikrans. 

Gom-bos. Pteronia camphorata, etc. Involucre of capitulum 
viscid. Also Aster filifolius. 



GONNA — GRAPPLE- 33 

Gonna, Zoet — (Knysna). Struthiola erecta. otherwise called 
Katst aartje, quite different from Ganna. 

Ooor' appel. Pachy stigma Zeyheri. Tr. 

Gooseberry, Cape — . PhysaUs peruviana. The plant is not 
a gooseberry {Rihes grossularia) nor a native of the Cape. 
Now widely spread on the outskirts of forests, in hedges, 
etc. The fruit largely gathered for the manufacture of 
jam (E., Na). 
„ foot (Stinking — ). Chenopodium amhrosioides. A 
cosmopojitan weed. 

Gous'blom (Gouds — ). A name applied to many species of 
composites with yellow flowers. The most common kind 
in the South West is Gryptostemma calendulaceum. Other» 
are species of Arctotis and Dimorphotheca. In the Geres 
Karoo is a ridge called ^' Gousblom-hoogte ", but many 
localities could claim that name with equal right. In 
Holland the name is applied to the corn-marigold, q.v. 
as well as to the cultivated Calendula officinalis ( S. Eur. ) , 

Gouna. Mesemhrianthemum acinaciforme. Root med., resem- 
bling Gaukum. 

Granaat, Geel — . Rhigozum trichotomum. v. Driedoorn. 
„ , Wilde — . BurchelUa capensis. A shrub of the 
southern coastal districts with bright scarlet flowers 
(Rubiac), in colour like those of the pomegranate. In 
the East. Prov. the edible fruit of Rhoiacarpos capensis. 

Grannie bonnet. Various orchids in Natal, e.g., Disperis 
Fanniniae. 

Grape, Wild — . Rhoicissus capensis {Vitis capensis). A 
distant relative of the cultivated grape-vine (Vitis 
vinifera) . Frequent on the outskirts of forests, v. B o s- 
d rui ven. 

Grapple plant. Harpagophytum procunibens. Name introduced 
by BuRCHELL. The seed-vessel provided with numerous 
curved claws, hence tenaciously adhering to the feet or 
heads of animals and thus securing a wide distribution of 
its seeds. Also called wool-spider, rankdoorn, touw. 
Causing snares in horses' tails, the fleece of sheep, etc. 



U GRASSES 



Indigenous and such Introduced species 
which now occur more or less wild. 

[For species known here only in cultivation, see Part III.] 
I. English Compound Names: — 

Bedding grass. Imperata arundinacea. 

Bermuda — . Cynodon Dactylon. 

Blue — . Panicum laevifolium. Cyrnhopogon hirtus, 
Themeda Forskalii. 

Broncho — . Bromus maximus. 
Buffalo — . Stenotaphrum gldbrum. 
„ — . Setaria sulcata ( Bush-Buff elgras). 
„ — (Natal). Panicum laevifolium (Buffelgras). 
„ — (Tr.) Panicum hirsutissimum. 
Bushman — . Stipa Dregeana. 

Canary — . Phalaris canariensis, Small , P. minor, 

Toowoomba — . P. coerulescens (P. hulhosa). 

Carrot seed — . Tragus racemosus. 

Couch — , Cape (Coarse). Stenotaphrum glahrum. 

„ „ (Fine). Cynodon Dactylon. 
Crowfoot. Eleusine indica. 
Drop-seed (Natal) — . Sporoholus indicua. 
Dub — . Cynodon Dactylon. 
Duck — . Dactyloctenium aegyptiacum. 
Finger — . Digitaria sanguinalis. 
Florida — . Cynodon Dactylon. A fine-leaved variety. 
Germiston — = Florida — . 
Goose — . Eleusine indica. 
Guinea — . Panicum maximum. 
Hay — . Chloris virgata. 

Johnson — . Sorghum halepense, var. effusum. 
Kuskus — = Akkewani. 
Lady's heart — . Briza maxima. 
Lemon — , Elionurua argenteus. 



GRASSES 35 

Marram — . Ammophila arenaria (A. arundinacea). 

Poko — (Caffraria). Pennisetum typhoideum. Seeds 
used for kaflfir beer like sorghum. 

Prairie — . Bromus unioloides. 

Quake — . Briza maxima. 

Quick — . Cynodon incompletus, G. Dactylon, 

Stenotaphrum gldhrum. 
Red-top — . Tricholaena rosea. 
Rescue — . Bromus unioloides. 
Rhodes* — . Chloris gayana. 
Rye — . Lolium perenne. Lolium italicum. 
Spear — . Heteropogon contortus. 
Stink — . Eragrostis minor var. megastachya. 
Sweet — . Chloris virgata; Panicum laevifolium. 
Tambookie — . Cymhopogon validus. 
Toowoomba — v. Canary — . 
Turpentine — . Gymdopogon excavatus. 
Walk — . Poa annua. 
Water — (Large). Paspalum dilatatum. 
Wool — . Anthephora puhescens, 

II. Other names: — 
Akkewani. q.v. 
Bamboo (Bamboes) q.v. 
Barley, Wild — . Hordeum murinum. 
Bevertjes. Briza media. 
Blauw 'buffel. Anthephora puhescens. 
„ gras (Na). Andropogon appendiculatus. 
„ zaad. Eragrostis curvula, E. plana. 
Bokbaard. Festuca caprina. 
Brakgras. Atropis Borreri. Sutherland. 
Breedzaad. Paspalum dilatatum. 
Buffel'gras. Panicum laevifolium: P. maximum; 

Pennisetum cenchroides, Setaria sulcata. 
Darnel. Lolium' temulentum. 
Drabok. Lolium temulentum. 



36 GRASSES 

Dronkgras (Cape). Melica decumhens. v. also Equisetum, 
Foxtail, Bristly — . Setaria verticillata. 
Haasgras. Schismns fasciculatus. C. 
Haver, Wilde (Brandfort). Chloris virgata. 
Helm (D.). AmmopJiila arenaria. 
Job's tears. Coix Lacryma-Johi. 
Kaïk gras. Fingerhuthia africana. 
Kanarie 'zaad. Phalaris canariensis. 
Klisgras (Klitsgras). Setaria verticillata. 
Klokkies 'gras. Bris;a mamma. 
Koper 'draad. Cymhopogon excavatus. 
Kruisgras. Cynodon Dactylon. 

Krulgras (Bechnanaland). Panicum nigropedatum. 
Kwarrel'zaad. Phalaris canarieMsis. 

Kweek, Fijne — . Kwagga — . Oost-indiese — . 
Cynodon Dactylon. (Bataviese — ). 

„ , Grove — . ^tenotaphrum glahrum. 

„ , Rechte — . Cynodon incompletus. (Tr.) 

„ , Zand — . ^chmidtia hulhosa. 
Lidjesgras = Grove kweek. 
Manna. Digitaria sangiiinalis. 
Millet, Wild — . Digitaria sangninalis. 
Oats, Wild — . Avena fatua. 
Olifants'gras. Danthonia elephantina. 
Os-pol 'gras. Eragrostis plana. 
Pearl millet = Poko grass. 
Pijpgras. Ehrharta villosa. 
Raaigras = Ryegrass. 
Reed. Phragmitcs communis. 

Riet, Fluitjes — ; Vaderlands' — . Phragmites communis. 
Riet, Steek — . Eragrostis cyperoides. 
Rode' zaad. Tristachya leucothrix. 
Rog, Wilde — . Secale africanum. 
Rooigras. Thcmeda Forskalii (Anthistirid imherhin). 
Ruigte. Erianthus capensis. 



GRASSES — GUM- 37 

Steekgras. Aristida congesta; Gymlopogon hirtus; 
Heteropogon contortus, etc. 

Steekriet. Eragrostis cyperoides. 

Suikerriet. (West.) Agropyrum distichum. 

Trilgras. Briza maxima, B. media. 

T'waa (Toa). Aristida drevifolia. A. Dregeana. 

„ , Fijne — . Aristida ohtusa. 

„ , Langbeen — . Aristida iiniplumis. 
Vogelstriiis'gras. Eragrostis spinosa. 
Wildebeeste'gras. Elionurus argenteus. 
Zand 'haver. Ammophila arenaria. 
Zuurgras (Nam.). Enneapogon scaler. 
Zutirpol. Elionurus argenteus. 

Grassy bells. Dierama ensifolium. A graceful irid with 
pendulous Ixia-like flowers, very variable in colour. 
Frequent from Albany to Natal. 

Graveel' wortel. Sto'baea atractyloides. 

Grijs-appel (Zand — ). Parinarium capense. A dwarf 
depressed shrublet with underground stems and branches, 
in foliage somewhat resembling the poisonous giftblaar 
(Dichapetalum) , but belonging to the rose family. The 
apple-like fruit about an inch in diam., very aromatic. 
„ „ 'boom V. Mobola plum. 

Groundsel. Senecio vulgaris, a garden weed (D. Kruiskruid). 
There are several hundred species of Senecio in S.A. 

Guarri (gwarri). Euclea undiilata. An evergreen shrub of the 
central districts, frequent in the Little Karoo and other 
parts with a similar climate. A taller species, 
E. lanceolata, with larger leaves, is called Bos — , or 
Bush — , as it occurs in wooded kloofs. 

Guernsey lily. Nerine sarniensis. A S.A. plant, but named 
after the Channel Islands (Samia of ancient times), 
where it had become quite acclimatised as early as the 
17th century. 

Gulugulu (the terminal u is mute). Strychnos Gerrardii. One 
of the "Kaffir-oranges". Rind of fruit greyish and the 
seeds bitter. 

Gum-arabic tree (Cape — ). Acacia Karoo (Karoo-thorn). 
The gum exudes from the trunks and branches, accumul- 



38 GUNPOWDER- - HARTSLAGGIES 

ating on the trees (in districts with a scanty rainfall, e.g., 

Nam.) in sufficient quantity to enable the natives to 

gather it for export. 
Gunpowder weed. Silene gallica*. The seeds resemble fine 

gunpowder. Frequent on grainlands. The plant is the host 

of a rust fungus. 
Gwenya = Kaffir plum. 

Haak'doorn. (Zwart'haak). Acacia detinens. A frequent shrub 
or small tree of the Kalahari region, from Bushmanland 
to the Tropics. Leaves and young pods eagerly eaten by 
sheep and goats. (Haakiesdoom). 

Haak-en-steek (Wit'haak). Acacia spirocarpoides ; further 
north A. hereroensis. Small trees with two kinds of 
spines, recurved and straight. 

Haasies'kost. Anacampseros papyracea, A, ustulata. Karoo. 
Also A. filamentosa. 

Haas 'oor. A species of Stapelia. 

Hagedis 'poot = Paddeklauw. 

Hairbell = Grassy bell. 

Half' mense = Elephant^s trunk. 

Hanekam. Babiana ringens. Inflorescence comb-like. 
V. Babiaantje. 

Hanekammetje. Dipidax ciliata. A small plant, with pink or 
white flowers, also called Vleiblom. 

Harde 'bos. Phylica oleoides. (Cedar mts.) 
„ 'kool. Gombretum spec. ? 

„ 'peer. Olinia cymosa (Rooibessie, Hard pear) and 
0. capensis. In all forests and wooded ravines of the 
South coast. Showy when in flower (white) or fruit 
(berries red). 
„ „ , Koffee — . Pleurostylia capensis. 
„ „ (Natal). Strychnos Henningsii. E. and Na. 

Harpuis'bos (or simply har puis). Several species of Euryops, 
e.g. E. tenuissimus, etc Twigs and leaves rich in resin, 
hence inflammable even when green. E. lateriflorus (Vet 
— ), a shrub 3-5 feet high, is the principal and often the 
only fuel for the farmers of the Roggeveld. E. oligoglosaus 
(Water — ) in the valleys. 
At Queen stown applied to E. florihundus. 

Hartebeeste'bos. Nestlera prostrata. 

Hart'slaggies. Lessertia pulchra. A decumbent herb with 
dark red flowers. Coast distr. Spring. 



HEATHS 89 

HEATHS. Nearly 500 species of Erica in South Africa, many 
of them with showy flowers. The great majority within the 
south-western region, many restricted to a single valley 
OP mountain. Until recently a couple of species only had 
local names and the word "heide" was used only as an 
equivalent for "heideveld" in some parts of the Bokke- 
veld hence the present hybrid designations " Rijs'heath," 
" Taai-heath ", etc. As a flowerseller, when asked for the 
name of a certain heath once put it : " 0ns het dit vroeger 
iosluishos genoem, maar nou is dit 'n heat F' Since more 
interest has been aroused in our wild flowers, numerous 
names have been created, but being often of purely local 
origin, they are generally not definitely connected with 
one species only. A few of these names are: — 
„ Albertinia — (White) E. Bowieana. Belletje (Elim) 
— E. regia, etc. Bosluis'blom E. viridipurpurea, 
Botriver — E. campanulata. Bottle — E. ampullacea 
also other species of the section E u r y 1 o m a. 
Elim — E. regia. Green — E. sessiliflora. Hairy — 
(Red) E. cerinthoides. Hangertje — E. Plukenetii, 
Houwhoek — E. Massoni. Kapokkie E. bruniades^ 
E. Peziza^ E. villosa. Karkaar — E. florihundaj 
E. sp'umosa. Karkar (Wit) E. imhricata. Klokkies — 
E. viscaria, E. decora. Mielie — E. ahietina. Prince-of- 
Wales — E. perspicua. Rijs (Geel) — E. lutea. Rijs 
(Wit) — , E. tenuifolia. Rinkhals — E. imlricata. 
Riversdale — or Lantern — is E. Uenna. Rooi'haartje 
E. cerinthoides. Rooi klossie — E. mammosa. Royal — 
E. regia. Sissie — E. ampullacea. Sticky — (Houwhoek) 
E. Massoni. Sticky (Tijgerhoek) E. fascicularis. Sticky 
(White) E. physodes. Taai — (Flats) E. viscaria. Taai — 
(Houwhoek) E. Massoni. Taai —• (Tijgerhoek) 
E. fascicularis. Tijgerhoek (ti'er — ) — E. aristata, 
E. fascicularis. Veder (Veer — ) — E. perspicua. Was 
(Wax — ) — E. ardens. Worcester (White) ■— 
E. Monsoniana. Zwartbekkie, E. spumosa. 
At Ceres E. Thunhergii, from the Cold Bokkeveld (flowers 
red and yellow), is called the Malay — ; E. Monsoniana 
the Bokkeveld — and E. glauca the Cup and saucer — -. ^ 
At Franschhoek E. tegulaefolia is known as Banket je' 
heide; E. ventricosa, one of the principal attractions of 
the Spring Flower-show, as Was 'heide, and E. denticulata, 
one of the few sweet-scented species, as Lekker-ruik- 
heide (scent somewhat resembling that of the 
Moonf lower). 



40 HEDGE — HOOENTJES 

Hedge mustard. Sisymbrium officinale* Common weed. 
Herders'tasje. Gapsella bursa pastoris*. A garden weed. 
Heron's bill. Erodium moschatum (Muskus kruid). A good 

grazing herb (S.W.). 
Hiccup nut (hiccough — ). (Na). Combretum bracteosum, 

Med. 
Hill Matome. Diospyros mespiliformis. (Tr.). 
Hilton daisy v. Daisy. 

Hissing tree . (Tr. & No). Parinarium Mobola. The fruit is 

called Mobola plum. 
Hoender 'bel = Kalkoen belletje. 
„ 'spoor (v. Doornpeer). Scolopia Zeyheri. Trunk and 

branches mostly armed with formidable thorns. 

Holly, Cape — . Ilex mitis. A stately tree with glossy foliage, 
from Table Mountain to the Drakensbergen and beyond. 
Very showy when in fruit on account of the profusion of 
red berries. 

Hond 'gezicht. Phylica stipularis. Name referring to the 

fruit. 
Honde'bos. Exomis axyrioides. Frequent on brackish ground, 

salt-marshes, etc. Also Euphorbia Caput Medusae. 
„ cor. Cotyledon orbiculata. An ornamental plant for rock- 
gardens. 
„ 'wortel. Peucedanum cynorrhiza. (Algoa Bay). 
Honeycomb mushroom = Morel v. Mushrooms. 

Honey-suckle, Kaffir — . Tecomaria capensis. Southern and 
eastern coast districts. The English honeysuckles are 
species of Lonicera (Caprifoliac.) e.g., L. Periclymenum ; 
in S.A. gardens one finds mostly an Asiatic species, viz., 
L. japonica. 

Honger'blom. Senecio arenarius (purple), S. Uttoreiis 

(yellow) . Bokkeveld. 
„ 'tee V. Tee. 
Honing 'tee v. Bushtea. 

Hoorn 'blad. Ceratophyllum demersum. A cosmopolitan 
water- weed. (Na). 
„ 'blom. Cerastium capense. Very similar to the European 

G. arvense. 
Hoorntjes v. Bokhoorntjes. 



HOP- — IJZER- 41 

Hop clover v. Clover and Akkerklaver. 

Horloge 'blom. Various species of passion-flower. Passiflora 
coerulea* occasionally half -wild. 

Hornwort = Hoornblad. 

Horse bush. Leucas Pechuelii. Fodder-plant (Gr. Nam.) 
„ tail. Equisetum ramosissimum. The only species in S.A. 
„ weed. Erigeron canadensis. Cosmopolitan. 
„ wood. Hippohromus (alatus) parviflorus. v. also Paardepis 
Hotnots'kool. Anthericum hispidum and A, revolutum. 

Similar to Wilde blomkool. 
„ 'riem. Geraria gariepensis. The bark of young shoots 
(when in sap) is removed entire, and this elastic tubing 
used for joining two sticks in order to reach the honey of 
bees building their nest in a cliff- 
f» 'vijg = Hottentots fig. 

„ 'toontje. Duvalia and other small stapelia-like plants. 
Hottentots bean tree v. Boerboon. 
„ bedding = Kooigoed. 
„ cherry v. Cherry. 

„ fig. Mesemhrianthemum edule v. Fig and Gaukum. 
„ tea V. Tee. 
Hounds tongue. Cynoglossum micranthum* A troublesome 

weed. Tr. 
Huilbos. Peltophorum africanum. Tr. 

Hyacinth, Wild — . Several species of Lachenalia, e.g., 
L. orchioides and L. contaminata. The garden plant is 
Hyacinthus orientalis from the east. Mediterranean. 

Ice Plant (Us — ). Mesemhrianthemum crystalUnum and 
several other species with papulose leaves. Some cells of 
the epidermis are enlarged and filled with water, as a 
reserve for the use of the plant in times of drought. 

Ifafa lily. Cyrtanthus sanguineus (Na). The White — is 

C. lutescens. 
IJzer'gras (pron.: ijster). Anchusa riparia. A rough-haired 
herb. 
„ 'hout. Olea capensis. Only a shrub near Capetown, but 

larger further east. Flowers fragrant. 
„ ,. , Basterd — . 0. foveolata. Leaves with domatia. 
„ „ , Grootblaar — = Mulberry, Wild — . 



42 IJZER- — JAKHALS- 

IJzerhout, Wit — . Toddalia (Asaphes) lanceolata and 

T. natalensis. 
„ „ , Zwart — . Olea laurifoUa. The most frequent forest 
tree at the Knysna (25 per cent.), extending to East 
Africa. 

IJzerhout'bos. Dodonaea Thuribergiana. In all district» with 
a moderate rainfall. The young twigs called IJzerhout 
topples (much used as a tonic and purgative). 

iLozane. Tephrosia macropoda. Roots used by the Zulus for 
stupefying and catching fish. 

Inkanga. Senecio^ various species; see Ragwort. 

Inkberry. Oestrum umhellatum*. Poisonous. 

„ bush. Suaeda fruticosa. A weed of roadsides and brack- 
lands. Turns black on drying. 

Inkomba (palm). Jiihaeopsis caffra (Pondoland). 
Inkomokomo v. Radix Pannae. 

Inkt 'blom. Harvey a capensis, etc. Flowers turn black when 
injured. Also Hyohanche sanguinea: yields a black fluid 
for writing when crushed in water. 
„ 'bol. Hypoxia villosa, (Knysna). 
Iron wood v. IJzerhout. 

„ „ , Black — (Rhodes.). Copaifera Mopane. (No). 
„ „ , „ „ (Cape). Olea laurifolia. 

The Bastard white — is Oyclostemon argutus. 

Isona = Witchweed. 

Itozane v. iLozane. 

Ivory wood, Red — . Rhamnus Zeyheri. The heaviest and 
hardest S.A. timber, even exceeding Umzimbeet {Millettia 
caffra). 

Ivy, Cape — . Senecio angulatus. A climbing half-shrub 
(scrambler), with a profusion of yellow flowers, suitable 
for trelisses. 
„ , Natal — . Senedo macroglossus. Similar to the preceed- 
ing. 
Ixia V. Kalossie. 

Jacobaea, Wild — , Senecio elegans. Frequent in the sandy 

coast districts. 
Jakhals' bessie. Diospyros mespiliformis, but also Sideroxylon 

inerme (milkwood). 



JAKHALS — KAASJES 43 

Jakhals'bos. Dimorphotheca ZeyJieri, a small poisonous half- 

slnrab of the central districts (Calvinia, etc). Also Euclea 

tomentosa (eastern Karoo), a larger shrub. 
„ 'pisbos. A species of Zygophyllum. 
„ 'kost. Hydnora africana. A root-parasite, living on 

Euphorbia mauritanica, etc. Fruit ripening underground; 

contents eaten by Hottentots and various animals, e.g., 

jackals. 
„ 'pruim. Osyris ahyssinica (Cape sumach). Frequent 

in the South. 
„ 'staart. Some Kestiaceae, e.g., Thamnochortus dichotomus 

George. Also Holothrix BurchellU, 

Jakob'jong. Stachys rugosa. A tea (Cold Bokkeveld). 

Jakob-recht-op. Pelargonium crithmifolium ( Jansen ville). 

Jamboes, Wilde — . Eugenia Zeyheri (eastern). 

Jantje Barend = Cancer bush. 

Januarie'bossie. Arthrosolen polycephalus. A pretty shrub- 
let of the Karoo. 

Jessamine, Wild — . Jasminum angulare, J, glaucum, 
J. multipartitum. 

Jeukbol. Drimia ciliaris, etc. (Jeuk ui). The cells of the 
bulb (reddish) contain stout needles of oxalate of lime 
(raphides), which are the cause of the itching produced 
by the bulb. 

Jig-a-jig. Dipcadi hyacinthoides. 
Job's tears v. Grasses. 
Jointed Cactus v. Cactus. 

Juffertje-roer-bij-de-nacht. Struthiola stricta, etc. (Oaledon). 
Strongly scented at night-time. 

Justifina. Gyrtanthus olliquus. ( ?) 

Kaalblad. The thomless variety (by artificial selection) of the 
common Prickly pear, q.v. 

Kaalgaar (kabelgaren). Passerina fiUformis, The fibrous bast 

used for tying bundles of wood, etc. 
Kaam'bessie. Pappea capensia. Shrub of the eastern Karoo. 
Kaars — v. Kers — . 
Kaasjes (pron. : keesie) or — blaar. Malva parviflora*. An 

introduced weed with small round fruit. Also Kiesie- 

blaar. 



44 KABINET- — KALABAS 

Kabinet 'hout. Philippia Ghamissonis. A small tree. The largest 

species of Ericaceae in S.A. 
Kaffer 'bessie = Rozijntje'bos. 
„ 'boom. Erythrina caffra. A handsome tree (eastern), 

flowering in a leafless condition (spring). Another species 

with larger leaves, flowers and seeds is E. tomentosa, 

sometimes called Cork-tree. 
„ 'doorn. Lycium horridum. Suitable for hedges. 
„ 'druiven. Pollichia campestris (Queenstown). A dwarf 

shrublet. 
„ 'slangwortel. Poly gala serpentaria. Med. 
„ 'wortel. Safisemeria thyrsiflora. (^ Pile-root). 
„ 'tee V. Tee. 

„ 'zuring ( — sorrel). Pelargonium peltatum. 
Kaffertje. Wurmhea capensis. Flowers brownish black. 

Kaffir bread. Encephalartos Altensteiniiy E. caffer, etc. The 
pith of the trunk occasionally employed as food by the 
natives ; it is rich in starch. 

„ bride. Pavetta caffra. A very ornamental shrub (Mid- 
summer). 

„ cherry. Gardenia Neuheria. 

„ daisy v. Daisy. 

„ honeysuckle v. Honeysuckle. 

„ melon. A variety of Citrullus vulgaris, cultivated as a 
stock-food. 

„ orange. Strychnos spinosa. Pulp acidulous, the seeds not 
poisonous. A somewhat similar fruit with bitter seeds 
is that of S. Gerrardi (gulugulu). 

„ plum. Harpephyllum caffrum. An ornamental tree with 
a much esteemed fruit (Gwenya). 

„ sorrel = — zuring. 

„ tea V. Tee. 

„ water-melon = — melon. 

Kajate'hout (Cape teak). Strychnos Atherstonei (eastern). 

Wood used for assegais, etc. 
„ „ (Tr.) Pterocarpus erinaceus. A tree with bristly, 

broad-winged seed-vessels. 

In the Bush veld (Tr.) also Peltophorum africanum, 
Kaktus = Cactus. 
Kalabas, Wilde — . Hibiscus urens. Karoo, etc., spreading on 

the ground like a cucurbitaceous plant, but fruit a capsule. 



KALABAS — KAMMIE- 45 

The cultivated kalabash, which is used as a receptacle for 
water, is Lagenaria vulgaris* (Cucurbitaceae). 
Kalkgras v. Grasses. 

Kalkoen 'belletje. Sutherlandia frutescens. So called on 

account of the bright scarlet flowers. 
„ 'gift. PhysaUs minima* 
„ 'slurp. Amarantus paniculatus. About gardens. 

Kalkoentje. Gladiolus alatus (western districts). G. hicolor 
is the Geel — , and G. formosus the Paars — . 
G. orchidiflorus, the Groen (or vaal) — (Clan William). 

Kalmus (Kalmoes). A name originally belonging to the sweei 
flag (Acorus Calamus) from eastern Asia, now acclimat- 
ized in Europe. The rootstock and its essential oil are 
employed as carminatives. In S.A. several other plants 
(Umbelliferae) with balsamic rhizomes now go by the 
same name and are used for similar purposes, viz., in the 
East Alepidea amatymhica and in the West Lichtensteinia 
lacera. 

Kalossie (Klossie, Galossie). Several species of Ixia. Geel — 
/. maculata; Groen — I. viridiflora; Rooi — /. ovata; 
also Tritonia crocata; Wit — Sparaxis grandiflora var. 
Liliago, while the variety atro-purpurea is the paars — . 
The Klip — (Malmesbury) is Lachenalia tricolor and the 
Zand — , L. ruMda. 

Kalver'bossie. Pelargonium sidoides. 

Kamassie'hout. Gonioma Kamassi. Contains a very bitter 
principle. (Knysna). The wood a substitute for Cape box 
(Buxus), but the exhalations of the fresh wood injurious 
to the workers. 

Kamberoe (Kambroo) v. Baroe. 

Kameeldoorn. (Camel thorn). Acacia Giraffae. A stately 
tree of the Kalahari region, with very hard, dark-brown 
wood and nutritious pods. The Basterd — is A. spirocarpa 
and the Vaal — A, haematoxylon. 

Kamfer'blaar. Pelargonium hetulinum. Cape Flats, etc. 
„ 'bos. Tarchonanthus camphoratus (Vaalbos). Very 
aromatic. In other parts (Cedar mts.) Diosma vulgaris 
(used against toothache). 

Kamille v. Chamomile. 

Kammetje. Freesia refract a. v. Freesia. 

Kammie'bos. Cliff ortia stroMlifera. Flats. 



46 KAMPERNOELIE — KARDEMON 

Kampernoelie = Champignon. 

Kamso. Cotula miiltifida. A native remedy. 

Kandelaar 'blom. Brunsvigia gigantea and B. Josephinae. 
Bulbs up to 10 inches in diam., flowering in autumn before 
the new leaves appear. 

Kandelaar (also — 'bos). Cotyledon Wallichii. The flowers 
are said to be the cause of the krimpziekte. 

Kaneel'blom (Kaneeltje). Hesperantha cinnamomea. Flowers 
brownish-red on the outside, closed in daytime, sweet- 
scented in the evening. Also Gladiolus grandis. 
„boK Pelargonium triste. The tuberiform root astringent. 
Kanett. Species of Restio used for making brooms. 
Kanker' blaren. Aptosimum ahietinum (Karoo). 
„ 'bos = Cancer bush. 
Kanna v. Ganna. 

Kannabast v. Gannabast. Also Gnidia oppositiJoUa and Dais 
cotinifolia. 

Kannetjes == Red wax-creeper. 

Kanniedood. (Kan-niet-dood). Aloe variegata, but also other 
species of Aloe, Eaworthia, Gasteria, etc. Also a species 
of Tillandsia* (from Brazil), often kept suspended nnder 
verandahs, etc., hence also called airplants. 

Kannip. Other name for Hydnora africana (Jakhalskost). 

Kanolpijpie. Watsonia rosea, etc. 

Kanot grass. Flagellaria indica. Not a grass. 

Kapiva, Wilde — . Bulbine asphodeloides. Root med. 
Also B. caespitosa (Asbestos mts.). 

Kap'kappie. Eriocephalus racemosus. Knysna. 

Kapok'blom (Paarde-kapok). Lanaria plumosa. A white 

woolly perennial with lilac flowers ; southern districts. 
„ 'bossie. Eriocephalus umbellatus, E. spinescenSy etc. Small 

shrublets (Compositae) with woolly involucres. 
„ , Wilde — . Asclepias fruticosa, etc. The capsules contain 
numerous seeds, each with a tuft of soft silky hairs. 
Kapokkie. Erica Peziza, E. hruniades, etc. 
Kapotje. Schizodium inflexum, etc. 
Kappertje v. Orchids. 

Kardemon, Wilde — . Fagara capensis (Xanthoxylum) . The 
seeds highly aromatic. 



KAREE — KATTE- 47 

Karee (Karee'boom). Rhus lancea, but also R. viminalis 
(Nam.). Frequent along rivers and watercourses of the 
central and northern districts. 
„ 'bos. Rhus tridacfyla. 

Karkaar (sounding more like "kerrkirr" or " keurrkeurr"). 
Various small-leaved heaths, e.g., Erica irrihricata, 
E. jlorihunda, etc., as well as other cricoid shrublets of 
the southern coast districts (Riversdale, etc.). They 
produce a harsh grating sound if one walks through them 
in the veld. 

Karkaar' blom. Antholyza nervosa, probably from the dry 
leaves producing a similar sound as the Karkaar. 

Karkeer = Bitter melon. 

Karmedik. Cnicus lanceolatus* Now a weed in Tr. (In 

gardens often G. henedictus) . 
„ , Wilde — . BerJcheya pinnata. Mossel Bay. 

Karmozijn'bos. Phytolacca americana* (Vegetable kermes). 
Acclimatized. 

Karoo (Goed karoo) (Karoo'bossie). Applied to several 
species of fodder-shrublets, especially to Pentzia virgata 
and P. glohosa, both much valued. The Vaal — is 
Phymaspermum parvifolium. 

Karoo 'doorn == Doornboom. 

Kastanje, Wilde = Chestnut. 

Kaster 'olie' boom = Caster-oil plant. 

Kasuur. Pittosporum viridiflorum (eastern). 

Katdoorn. Asparagus stipulaceus and A. retrofractus, . In the 

forests: Scutia Commersonii. Also Acacia caffra. 

Katje'drie'blaar. Knowltonia hirsuta, in some districts 
K. rigida. 

Katjepiering, Wilde — . Gardenia Thurihergia. q.v. 

Katjetie. Bahiana strict a (Riversdale). (?) 

Kat'nagel (Kat'naal). Scutia Commersonii. v. Cat thom. 

Kat 'nagels. Hyohanche sanguinea. 

Katoen 'bos = Wilde Kapok. 

Katte 'kruid. Ballota africana. Used as a tea and an emollient. 
Also Stachys Mspida. The "Kattekruid" of Holland 
is Nepeta Cataria, 



48 KATTE- — KINA- 

Katte'staart (Katstertje). Struthiola stricta, 8. virgata, etc. 
Flowers white, sweet-scented. Other plants bearing this 
name are species of Bulhine and BulMnella (mostly with 
yellow flowers), hence also called Geel — , e.g., Bulhine 
asphodeloides ; the Zeeroog — is BulMnella rohusta 
(S.W. mts.). At the Knysna also the compact spikes of 
Anthospermum aethiopicum. 

Kauw 'goed. Mesemhrianthemum tortuosum (Little Karoo). 
Contains the narcotic alkaloid mesembrine. M. arach- 
noideum is said to possess more powerful properties. 

Kayang-biish. Protea glabra (Cedar mts.). Leaves formerly 
used for preparing ink. 

Keesjes-blaar (Kiesieblaar) == Kaasjes. 

Kei apple. Dovyalis caffra. A small eastern tree, often employed 

as a hedge plant. Fruit rather harsh for eating, but very 

suitable for mixed jellies. 
Kei lily = Ifafa. 
Keita = Dysentery herb. 
Kermes bush = Karmozijnbos. 

Keizers'kroon. Sempervivum arhoreum* from the Canary 

Islands. Also our Red Crassula, q.v. 
Kerse'bos (Kers — ). Euclea tomentosa, E. racemosa, etc. 

Copious fruits, resembling small wild cherries. 
„ 'hout (Kers — ). Pterocelastrus variabilis, 
Kersbos (Kaars) v. Candle bush (Sarcocaulon) . 
„ hout (Kaars — ) v. Candle wood (Gardenia). 
Kervel = Duive'kervel. 
Ketting. Crassula lycopodioides. Clanwilliam. 

Keur (Keurtjes). Many Papilionaceae. The Blauw — . is 

Psoralea pinnata, P. aphylla, etc. 
Keurboom. Yirgilia capensis. A quick-growing tree, flowering 

profusely (sweet scented). 
Kh'adi. Mesembrianthemum acutipetalum. Used for kaflSr beer 

(Tr.). 
Khaki bush. Tagetes minuta* One of the Mexican marigolds 

which has become a troublesome weed. Tr. 
„ weed. Inula graveolens, from the Mediterranean. 

Introduced during the Anglo-Boer war. 
Kina'bossie. Several shrubs. In the Breede river valley it is 

Leucadendron concinnum (Langbeen), used like quinine 

against malaria. Contains a bitter glucoside. 



KIEPERSOL - KLIMOP 49 

Kiepersol v. Sambrielboom. 
Xiesie-'blaar (West) = Kaasjes. 
„ „ (East London) = Bushbuck food. 

Kinder 'bessie. Halleria elUptica. A small tree, often shrubby 
only ; berries edible. 

Kinkel 'bossie. Tetragonia fruticosa. 

Kipkippers (Kipkippies) meaning "chickens." Gladiolus 
alatus (flowers) ; in other districts Nymania capensis 
(capsules). Also Sutherlandia frutescens (Kippie'bos). 

Kirie'hout. Rhus laevigata. 

Kirie'moer. Mesemhrianthemum stellatum (eastern C.P.), 
used as an addition to kaffir beer. But in Griqualand West 
(along the Asbestos Hills) the natives apply a similar 
name to Euphorbia decussata and use it for the same 
purpose, (moer = yeast). 

Kissieblaar v. Kaasjes. 

Klaas Louw bos. Athanasia trifurcata. A shrubby weed on 
fallow lands. One of the explanations given for the name 
is, that a certain farmer of this name allowed the bush to 
spread on his lands and thus became the cause of the 
trouble it is causing the grain farmers now. Sometimes 
also applied to A. crithmifolia. 

Kiap'bes, Kaaps — = Cape gooseberry. 

Kiapper'bos. Nymania (Aitonia) capensis. The capsules 
papery and inflated, often bright red. Also Podalyria 
calyptrata, etc., on account of their inflated pods. 
„ , Berg — . Montinia caryophyllacea. From Capetown to 
the Tropics. 

Klappers. Crotalaria Burheana, the shrublet causing the stijf- 
ziekte (The pods are inflated like little rattles). Tr. The 
same name is applied to some species of Strychnos, e.g., 
8. pungens (wild orange), as the seeds rattle in the old 
fruits. 

Klappertjes. Gysticapnos africana. Seed-vessels much 
inflated. A delicate climbing herb of the S.W. 

Klauw 'doorn = Grapple plant. 

Klaver, Akker — . Trifolium agrarium. v. Clover. 
„ 'gras. Medicago denticulata and M. nigra. 
Klimop. This name (meaning "climber") is in Holland used 
for the ivy. Here several other climbing plants bear this 



50 KLIMOP — KNOPPIES- 

name; most frequently species of Cynanchum, e.g., 
C. africanum and G. capense, both twining herbs with 
milky juice, injurious to animals eating them. 

Klimop, Bos — . Dolichos gihhosus. Some farmers consider 
the herbage poisonous to stock, others not (Knysna). 

Klip 'belletje ( — kalossie). Lachenalia tricolor (Malmes- 

bury). 
„ 'blom (Stellenbosch). Liparia comantha. Plowerheads 

somewhat resembling a Dahlia. 
„ 'blom. Various lichens. Nam. 
„ 'dagga V. Dagga. 
„ 'doorn. Scolopia Mundtii. 
„ 'els = Alder, Rock — . 
„ 'hout. Heeria argentea (Rhus Thunbergii). A bushy tree^ 

frequent in rocky situations of the western districts. The 

bark gathered for tanning. 
„ 'lelie ( — pijpie). Gladiolus hyalinus (Cedar mts.). 

Flowers similar to G. maculatus. 
„ 'pijpie V. Pijpie. 
„ 'uintje V. Uintje. 

Klisgras (klits). Setaria verticillata. Frequent under trees 
(Karoo, etc.) Other kinds of Klits belong to Amaran- 
taceae, e.g., Achyranthes aspera, Gyathula glohuUfera, 
„ 'klaver — = Bur clover. 
Kloof 'hout = Alder, Rock — . 
Klossie V. Kalossie. 

Knikkertjes. Gaesalpinia Bonducella* (eastern). In the West 
it is another name for F r u t a n g. 

Knobthorn = Knoppies'doom. 

„ wood. Fagara capensis (Xanthoxylum capense). The 

bark of the root used against toothache. The KaflBrs 

drink an infusion of this bark when eating the flesh of 

animals died of anthrax, believing this to be a protection. 

Knoflok, Wilde — , Tulbaghia alliacea, etc. Wild garlic. 
Knopherik == Charlock. 

Knoppies'bos. Leucadendron salignum, L. uUginosum, 

L. strictum, etc. 
„ 'doom. Acacia pallens. (A. nigrescens) . Trunk and 
branches bearing numerous large thorns on raised knobs. 
In the coastal forests it is another name for Knobwood q.T. 



KNOTWEED — KOREN- 51 

Knotweed. Polygonum serrulatum, and the introduced 
P. aviculare, P. lapathifoUum and P. amphihium. 

Knysna lily = Berglelie. 

Kobas. Cissus Crameriana. A deciduous succulent with a 
very stout, fleshy trunk like a boterboom. Poisonous. 
(Damaraland). 

Koeri'moer = Kiriemoer. 

Koes' naart je. Crassula columnaris. A small, more or less 
globular, fleshy body of earthy colour (before the flower- 
ing stage), eaten by the natives. A mimicry plant. Karoo. 

Koifee-harde'peer. Pleurostylia capensis. 

Kokerhoom. Aloe dichotoma. (Nam.) Pieces of the branches, 
when deprived of their pith, served the Bushmen as 
quivers (pijlkoker). 

Koko. Gymnosporia undata. 

Kolkol. Berzelia lanuginosa. (S.W.). 

Komkommer, Wilde — . Gucumis africanus and G. Naudinianus 

(No). Fruit spiny, edible. 
Kommetje-tee-water. Adenandra uniflora. Flower resembles 

a tiny china cup, yet a rather fanciful name (Malmes- 

bury). 
Kooboo'bessie v. Kubu bessie. 
Kooi 'goed. Helichrysum crispum and H. auriculatum, etc. 

White, v/oolly, soft, aromatic herbs, employed as bedding 

by natives and mountaineers. 
Kool'ganna v. Ganna. 
„ 'hout. Lachnostylis capensis. Employed, like many others, 

for the making of charcoal. 
Kooman = Wild fig (Knysna). (?) 
Koorde 'haar = Kaalgaar. 
Koorkoor (or Karkoer) = Bitter melon. 
Koornroos. Agrostemma Githago*. An introduced weed. Seeds 

poisonous. 
Koperdraad v. Grasses. Also Polygonum aviculare (Bokke- 

veld). 
Kop 'zeer. Some species of Caralluma. 

Koren'blom (Tulbagh). Lapeyrousia corymhoaa, a little 
plant with blue flowers. Another kind is I ma flexuosa. 
The garden plant bearing this name is Gentaurea Gyanus 
(Compositae). Also several other irids. 



52 KOUDEBOS — KRULLEKOP 

Koude 'bos. Indigofera spec. ? Bokkeveld. Med. 

Kouter 'bos = Klaas-Lou w-bos. 

Kouterie. Cotyledon orMculata. Leaves used by children for 
imitating teams of oxen. Also (7. ramosissima, 

Kover'bos. Garuleum Mpinnatum, Med. 

Kraai 'bessie. Several shrubs, e.g., Rhus crenatüj R. mucronata^ 
etc. Also Royena glabra and R. Simii (East). 

Kraal 'bos ( — bush). Galenia africana. A frequent bushy herb 
of the Karoo, eaten by stock in times of drought. 

Krachttnan. Pachypodmm hispinosum. A large, mangold- 
shaped tuber, annually producing a few spiny shoots. Not 
edible but used in the brewing of native beer. 

Krente'bos. Rhus mucronata, R. tomentosa, etc. 

Kreupel 'hout. Leucospermum conocarpum, A dwarf tree of 
the South West with yellow flower heads. Bark used for 
tanning. 

Kriedoorn. Lycium arenicolum (Gr. Rt.), L. Prunus-spinosa 
(B.W.). Leaves used med. 

Krimmetat'boom = Baobab. 

Krimpziekte'blaar. Urginea sanguinea (Slangkop). Tr. 

„ „ 'bos V. Nenta. 

Kritikom. Royena hirsuta (Karoo). The berries contain a 
little edible pulp. 

Kroes'bossie. Muraltia rubeacea. A curly plant. (S.W.). 

Kruiden, Van der Merwe's — . Osmites hirsuta. 

Kruidje-roer-mij-niet. Several species of Melianthus, used 
med. In the S.W. M. major (very ornamental foliage), in 
the central districts M. comosus (poisonous to stock). 
The latter yields a black, but otherwise quite tasty and 
harmless honey. 

Kruis 'bessie. Grewia occidentalis. A shrub with purple 
flowers. 
„ 'kruid. Senecio vulgaris* ^ a garden weed, much liked by 

canaries. 
„ 'gras V. Grasses. 

Kruizemunt. Mentha crispa.* An occasional garden escape. 

Krulgras v. Grasses. 
„ 'kransie. Asparagus crispus. Clanwilliam. 

Krulle'kop. Eucomis punctata, etc. The inflorescence termin- 
ates into a tuft of leafy bracts. 



KEULLEN — LAPMOUSE 53 

Krullen. All)uca spiralis. Leaves wiry, spirally twisted. 
Krulletje. Probably a species of Ferraria. (Karoo). 

Kubu'bessie. Mystroxylon (Elaeodendron) sphaerophylliim 
(Knysna). Used for jam. 

Kukumakranka. Gethyllis spiralis, etc. Several species. The 
life-cycle of the plant is completed in three distinct 
phases. Leaves in winter. Flowers in summer (in a 
leafless condition), the ovary and the young fruit remain- 
ing underground. The ripe fruit (a pulpy aromatic berry) 
appears above the ground late in autumn, when the rains 
have softened the soil. 

Kuni. Rhics mucronata, etc. (Little Karoo). 

Kuskus grass (perhaps originally *^ muskus 'gras ") = 
Akkewani. 

Kwarrel'zaad. Phalaria canariensis* an occasionally half- 
wild grass. 

Kweek. Name originally belonging to the European Triticum 
repens* which is occasionally met with here. Employed 
now for several plants with a creeping rhizome, mostly 
troublesome weeds in lands and gardens. E : "Couch-grass, 
Quick." Fijne — . Cynodon Dactylon, also known as 
Kwagga — , Oostindiese — , Kruisgras, Bermuda quick- 
grass, Dub grass; Grove — . Stenotaphrum glahrum, also 
called Coarse quick. Coarse couch-grass, Buffalo-grass. 
Rechte — (Tr.). Cynodon incompletus. Uintje — . Cyperus 
rotundus (in warm countries), also known as Nut grass. 
Zand — . Schmidtia Mlhosa. Steentjes — = üintje — . 

Laburnum, Cape — . Crotalaria capensis. 

Ladle wood. Eartogia capensis. 

Lady's hand. Cyanella capensis. 

Lamb's tongue. Plantago lanceolata. 

Langbeen. Leucadendron concinnum. v. also Kina-bossie. 

Langeleden (Langelier). Poly gala myrtifolia. Leaves employed 
as a poultice against gout. Pappe states that this plant is 
employed by the Malays in connection with some funeral 
rites, but we have not been able to obtain any further 
information on the subject, and the custom may have died 
out. 

Lantanter = Candelabra flower. 

Lapmouse. Gladiolus villosus. A spring flower of the Cape 
Flats. Name (?) 



54 LAUREL - LILIES 

Laurel, Cape — = Stinkwood. 

Lavendel, Wilde — . Heteropyxis natalensia. The true lavender 
of the Mediterranean is Lavandula officinalis, often 
grown in gardens. 

Lavender, Sea — . Statice scahra, etc. Sea-shore herbs with 

blue flowers. 
Lead wood. Comhretum porphyrolepis (No). 
Leek, Wild — = Look. 

Leeuwbekkie. Nemesia hicornis, etc. Pretty annuals, often 
cultivated in European gardens. The introduced — (snap 
dragon) is Antirrhinum ma jus, 
„ 'bos. Zygophyllum morgsana (Knysna). 
„ 'bout. Indigofera Zeyheri. 
Lelie v. Lily, also Berg — , brand — , etc. 
Lemoen'doorn. Gymnosporia huxifolia, (?) 
„ 'bout. (Lemon-wood, wild lemon). Xymalos monospora. 

Leaves scented. 
Lemonade tree = Baobab. 
Lepel' bout = Ladle wood. 

Lettuce, Prickly — . Lactuca Scariola. Now a cosmopolitan 
weed. 

Lid'bossie. Peucedanum capense. Med. 
Lidjes'bos. Mesemhrianthemum junceum (v. As-bos). 
„ 'tee V. Tee. 

Lighted candles. (Na). Loranthus natalitius. A parasitic 
shrublet with showy red flowers. 

Lilac, Cape — . Ehretia hottentotica. This is not the 
" seringa." 

Lilies. As a type may be taken the white garden lily (Lilium 
candidum) from southern Europe. Many other Liliaceae 
and Amaryllidaceae as well as some other flowers are 
designated as "lilies." The principal kinds are: 
Belladonna — , Amaryllis Belladonna; Dobo — , 
Cyrtantlms parviflorus; Fire — , (Ifafa — , Kei — ), 
G. sanguineus; White Ifafa — , G. lutescens; 
Knysna — (or George — ), Vallota purpurea; Natal — , 
Gladiolus psittacinus ; Orange river — , Grinum longir 
folium; Pig — = White arum. Snake — , Haemanthus 
natalensis; Torch — , Kniphofia uvaria, etc., Water — , 
Nymphaea stellata. 



LIPARIA — MAHOGANY 55 

Liparia, Nodding — . Liparia sphaerica (D: Geelkop). 

Lisundu, Phoenix reclinata. v. Palms. 

Liverworts. Hepaticae. 

Lobelia. Many indigenous species. The pretty L. Erinus often 
spontaneously in gardens. L. coronopifolia and L. pinifolia 
distinguished by large, dark blue flowers. L, lutea, with 
yellow flowers. 

Loog = Asbos. 

Looiers'bossie, (v. Elands boontje). The large root is rich in 

tannin, hence used for the manufacture of leather. 
Look, Wilde — . Allium Dregeanum. Widely spread. 

Love bean (Lucky bean). Abrus precatorius* Cult, or half- 
wild. 

Lucerne, Wild — . Monechma divaricatum. A good fodder 
plant (east.), but not a lucerne. 

Lui'bossie. Lohostemon fruticosus. Burns badly when gathered 
in the veld as firewood. 

Luisjes'bos or Luisjes. Leucospermum nutans, L. lineare, etc. 
Name an allusion to the seeds (nutlets). The heads are 
said to bear few seeds only, which are eagerly searched for 
and eaten by baboons. 

Maagde'palm v. Periwinkle. 

Maag' pijn 'bossie. Myrica quercifoUa. Leaves very aromatic. 

At the Knysna : Pelargonium hetuUnum (Kamferblaar). 
Maarman (Magerman). TJrginea altissima. Bulb large, 

flower-spike up to 6 feet high (Dec). Leaves in winter. 

The fleshy scales of the bulb are applied (hot) to gouty 

limbs. 
Maart 'blom. Haemanthus coccineus, etc. The leaves called 

V e 1 d s c h o e n'b 1 a r e n. 

Also Brunsvigia gigantea (Kandelaarblom). 
„ 'lelie. Amaryllis Belladonna. 
Maba (Mawa). Trichilia emetica. 

Mackaya. Mackaya hella. An eastern shrub with large mauve 
flowers. 

Madeliefje = Daisy. 

Magerman = Maarman. 

Mahogany. Several S.A. trees have received this name, 
although not belonging to the same genus as the real — 



56 MAHOGANY — MARY'S THISTLE 

{Swietenia Mahagoni). Cape — or Natal — , Tiichilia 
emetica (bears several other names) ; Rhodesian — 
(Red — ) Afzelia quanzensis. 
„ bean is the seed of the latter. Used as an ornament. 

Makaou or Makauw. Dichapetalum venenatum (Amboland, 
etc.) . Allied to the Transvaal GiftblaarD. cymosum) . 
Leaves very poisonous (acting quickly), hence the name 
from " maak gauw " = hurry up. 

Malfa, Wilde — . Applies to several species of Pelargonium, 
esp. to P. (Mcullatum, the root of which is used against 
diarrhoea. This species is one of the parents of various 
cultivated varieties of Pelargonium. 

Mallow. Several species of Malva. The most frequent one is 
M. parviflora (Kiesieblaar). 

Malmeid'bossie. Grassula spec. ? 

Malta thistle. Centaurea melitensis.* Weed. 

Mamma 'kappie = Moederkappie. 

Mangrove, Red — . Bruguiera gymnorrhiza and RMzophora 
mucronata. The bark of the roots rich in tannin. Coast 
of Na. and Del. B. 
„ , White — . Avicennia officinalis. All yield tanner^s bark. 

Manketti nut. Ricinodendron Rautanenii. A tree of Amboland. 
Seeds rich in oil. 

Manna v. Grasses. 

Map tree. Euphorbia tetragona. Eastern C.P. 

Maraama. Bauhinia Kirkii. Seeds used like peas by the 
natives. Tr. 

Marram v. Grasses. 

Margriet, Geel — . Euryops ahrotanifolius, etc. 

„ , Wit — . (Wild). Dimorphotheca nudicaulis, etc. In 
gardens Chryanthemum Leucanthemum.* 

Marigold. Several species of Arctotis, Gazania, etc. The so- 
called ''African — " (England) is Tagetes erecta from 
Mexico. The introduced Corn — is Chrysanthemum* 
segetum (Eng.). Mexican — = Khaki bush. See also 
Gousblom. 
The English garden — is Calendula officinalis from S. Eur. 

Mary's thistle. Silyhum Marianum.* 



MATABELE- — MELK- 57 

Matabele flower. Striga lutea. Known under this name in 
Bechuan aland, because it devastates the mealie fields 
(= Witch- weed, rooiblom). 

Matjes 'goed. Cyperus textilis. In some districts Typha 
australis. 

Matome, Hill — . Diospyros mespiliformis (Tr.) 
„ , Water — . Adina Galpinii. (Pride of De Kaap). 

May, Cape — . Coleonema album. The real M a y of S. A. 
gardens is Spiraea prunifolia from eastern Asia. In 
England " May " is another name for the hawthorn. 

Medlar, Wild — . Vangueria infausta. (No). 

Meidje Willemse or Meidje Jan W illem. Ghironia haccifera, 
but apparently also Geranium incanum. Knysna. 

Melde, Atriplex patula* etc. Weeds. 

Melilot. MeUlotus parviflora.* Occasionally as a weed. 

Melkboom. Ficus cordata (Centr, & No). At the coast the 

same name applies to Sideroxylon inerme. 
Melkbos. Various plants with a white latex in the bark or 
young wood, belonging either to the genus Euphorbia or 
to some genera of Asclepiads, mostly bearing also some 
other name. In Griqualand West and the Kalahari region 
the name is mostly confined to Asclepias fruticosa^ 
otherwise known as Wilde Kapok. The latex of some 
species of Euphorbia contains a virulent resin, e.g., the 
ordinary Qele — , E. mauritanica ; in several others this 
poison is absent or the amount insignificant, and such 
species form a valuable stock-food, e.g., the 01 if ants — » 
E. cervicornis, the Zoet or Blauw — , E. brachiata, the 
Steenbok — , E. serpiformis. The Spantouw — is 
Sarcostemma viminale (poisonous). For other nutritious 
species v. Noors and Vingerpol. 

In Namaqualand attempts have been made to exploit the 
latex of several species, viz. E. Dregei and E. gregaria. The 
coagulum is rich in resin like the Tirucalli product, q.v. 

„ -distel, Sonchus oleraceus* 

„ 'gras. Euphorbia helioscopia* E. peplus* Garden weeds. 

.. 'hout. Rode — . Mimusops obovata, also M. caffra. 
M. Zeyheri. 

„ , Witte — . Sideroxylon inerme. (Coastal distr.) 

„ 'touw. Sarcostemma viminale; Secamone Thunbergii 
(woods). 



o8 MELON — MONKEY- 

Melon, Kaffir — v. Kaffir. 

Mercury. Mercurialis annua. A weed from South. Eur. 
Mexican tea. Chenopodium anibrosioides, from Trop. Amer. 
Milkweed. Euphorbia helioscopia* etc. 
„ „ , Shrubby. Asclepias fruticosa. 
Milkwood V. Melkhout. 
Millet, Wild — v. Grasses. 
Mimosa. Applied to Acacia Karoo. 
Minaret flower = Wild dagga. 
Minger'hout = Matome (Water — ). 
Minnie-minnies == Love beans. 
Mint, Wild — . Mentha aquatica and M. capensis. 
Mirt, Wilde — , = Mirting. 

Mirting, Wilde — . Myrsine africana. From T. Mt. to 

Abyssinia. 
Mispel, Wilde — = Medlar. 

Mist'bredie. Portulaca oleracea.* A weed, but also suitable 
as a vegetable. The same name is applied to Amarantua 
Thunhergii, etc. (Tr.). (From Mest — ). 

Mistel (Mistletoe). Viscum capense (white berries), 
Y. rotundifolium (red berries), etc. 

Mist'rijder's blom == Maartblom. Flowering at the time 
when farmers cart manure to their lands. (West). 

Mobola plum. Parinarium mohola. (The Hissing tree or grijs- 
appelboom). The fruit apple-like, very aromatic. 

Moeder'kappie. Various orchids, e.g., Pterygodium catholicum, 
Dis peris capensis , etc. 

Moepel. Mimusops Zepheri, etc. Tr. 

Moer' bei, Wilde — . Trimeria alnifolia. 
„ 'plantje. Anacampseros ustulata, A. papyracea. Employed 
as a kind of yeast for " moer-bolletjes," but its function 
unexplained. 
„ 'wortel = Gli. 
Molteno-disease plant. Senecio latifolius. 

Monkey apple. Royena pubescens. Karoo. 
„ bulb. Mariscus capensis. Rootstock eaten by baboons and 
birds. 



MONKEY MUUR 59 

Monkey rope. Several indigenous climbers of our forests, v. 

Baviaans'touw. Also Plectronia Queinzii. 
„ snuff = Puff-ball. 

Monnik 'baard. Cuscuta nitida, C. africana. Indigenous 
species of dodder. 

Mopane. Copaifera Mopane. A social tree of northern 
Bechuanaland and Rhodesia. 

Morel. Morchella conica. A delicous mushroom, so far recorded 
in S.A. from the Cape Peninsula only. October. 

Morgenster. Trihulus terrestris. A troublesome weed 

(Dubbeltje). 
Morula (meroola). Sclerocarya caffra. The fruit with an 

acidulous pleasant pulp. 
Mot-wortel = Akkewani. 
Mountain rose. Protea rosacea. (Tulbagh, etc.). Further 

east applied to P. cynaroides (e.g. along the Zuurberg). 
Mugge-gras. Adenogramma galioides. 

Mulberry, Wild — . This is not a species of Morus, but 
Trimeria alnifolia (Flacourt.). 

Munnik'baard == Dodder. 

Mushrooms. Some edible and others very poisonous, the latter 
generally called Toadstools. The edible kinds so far 
recorded from S.A. are Psalliota campestris (Field — , 
Champignon) ; Agaricus deliciosus. with orange coloured 
milk; Boletus edulis (Stone — ), Boletus hovinus, when 
young with drops of white milk underneath, and the 
Morel. See illustrations in Flora of S.A., Vol. I. In 
Kaffraria, Rhodesia, etc., a large Agaricus forms a wel- 
come article of food, one being sufficient for a family meal. 
The three most frequent poisonous kinds are Amanita 
phalloides, the Death cup; A. muscaria, the Fly 
agaric and A. pantherina, the Panther-agaric. 

Mushroom Flower. Cycnium adonense. (Na). 

Muskus 'kruid. Er odium moschatum. A much appreciated 
fodder-plant (winter) of the south-western districts 
(Cape). 

Mustard, Wild — , Brassica nigra* (Black) and 
B. Sinapistrum* 

Muur (mier) == Chickweed. 
„ , Rode — . AnagalUs arvensis (Scarlet pimpernel). 



60 MYRTLE — NATAL- 

Myrtle, Cape — . Myrsine africana. Widely spread through. 

Africa. 
„ , Wild — . Eugenia Zeyheri. Yields a wild tea (black). 
Flowers and fruit somewhat similar to the cultivated 
myrtle Myrtus communis (Mediterr.). East. 

Naaboom. Euphorbia tetragona, E. grandidens, etc. S.E. coast 
districts. In Tr. applied to E. Cooperi and E. ingens. 

„ touw. Ficus natalensis. Starts life often as an epiphyte 
and finally strangles the host. 

Naaibos (naald bos). Azima tetracantha. Coast. 
Naald 'bossie. Monsonia biflora, M. ovata = Dysentery -herb. 
„tee V. Tee. 

Nacht 'kaars == Evening primrose. 
„ 'schade („ schaduwe) = Nastagal. 

„ 'slang. Ornithogalum speciosum. Flowers orange with 
3 black tips. 

Nagels, Species of Lachenalia, viz., L. ruMda and L. pendula, 
Rooi — ; L. aurea, Geel — . 

Nageltjes. Lapeyrousia fissifolia. The buds are shaped some- 
what like cloves. Also Pelargonium triste. 
'Nakaa = Elephant's foot. 
Nam'tarri = Cape sumach (Knysna). 

'Namie. Pelargonium antidysentericum. With large, tuberi- 

form root, very astringent. (Namaqualand). 
Nana'bessie. Rhus dentata. 

Naras. Acanthosicyos horrida. A remarkable cucurbitaceous 
leafless plant on some dunes of the Namib (Gr. Nam.), 
where subterranean water exists, even if brackish and at 
great depth. The fruit is the size of an ostrich egg\ pulp 
as well as seeds are used as food by the natives (Topnaars 
near Walfishbay). v. Butter pits. 

Nastagal (Nachtschade) = Gal'bessie. 

Natal ginger. Kaempferia natalensis. The rhizome very 
aromatic, but quite different from ginger (Zingiber 
officinale). 

„ ivy. Senecio macroglossus. Not allied to the European ivy 
(Hedera Helix*). Does not climb by means of aerial roots, 
but scrambles up through bushes. A trellis-plant. 

„ lily. Gladiolus psittacinus. 



NATAL- — NOORS 61 

Natal plum =7= Amatungulu. 

Nenta'bossie (Krimpziekte-plant). MacOwan ascribed this 

disease to Lesser tia annularis, but almost all farmers are 

of the opinion that it is caused by Cotyledon Wallichii 

and some allied species, e.g., C. ventricosa. 
Nerina. Serine sarniensis. There are numerous other species. 
Nettle. The two common kinds are introduced, viz., Urtica 

urens* (Brandnetel) in gardens and the larger U. dioica* 

in hedges. 
Ngaap (Guaap). Trichocaulon piliferum, T. flavum and several 

other species. Growing in the most arid parts of the Karoo 

and the north-western districts. The juicy and sweetish 

stems are eaten by the natives. 
„ , Wilde — . Hoodia Dyeri, H. Gordoni, etc. Plants nearly 

allied to Trichocaulon, but with much larger flowers. Are 

not eaten. 

Nieshout. Ptaeroxylon utile. The most durable and valuable 
timber of the eastern forests. Does not decay in the 
ground and is consequently specially suitable for fencing 
posts. ( Sneezewood ) . 

Nieuwe 'hout. Pygeum africanum. 

Nieuw 'jaars' blom. Gladiolus cardinalis = Waterval blom. 

Nightshade, Black — . Solanmn nigrum* v. Galbessie. 

Nokha. Moraea spatJiacea Ker (non Thunb.). 

Noois' boom. Cussonia spicata (Sambriel'boom). The 
branches with their tufts of leaves resemble sunshades. 
„ 'haar. Gassy tha ciliolata. A parasitic leafless twiner. A 
decoction of the twine-like herb employed as a "hair- 
restorer." 

Noordpool. Euphorbia Schoenlandii. (Van Rynsdorp). The 
cylindrical stems (about a foot high) mostly point to the 
North. Many plants of the drier districts show the same 
influence of the sun on their stems, shoots or leaves. 

Noors 'doorn. Applied to various thorny species of Euphorbia, 
some of them with a virulent latex, like E. virosa of 
Namaqualand. The more frequent kinds are: Baviaans 
noors, E. polygona; Zuur — (Uitenhage, etc., poisonous) 
E. Ledienii. Others are innocuous when deprived of their 
spines (by singeing) and then valuable fodder-plants of 
the Karoo, e.g. E, hystrix, E. stellae spina, etc., also the 
Zoet — of Jansenville, viz. E. coerulescens and the Bok — 
E. enopla. For E. ferox v. Voetangel. 



62 NORRA — OPGEITJES 

Norra or Norretje. Pelargonium rapaceum. Cold Bokkeveld. 

Num'bos. Aster fiUfolius, 

Num'num. Carissa arduina (berries black) and C. ferox (ber- 
ries red). 

Nut grass. Cyperus rotundus. A sedge. Troublesome weed of 
all warm countries. 

Nutzung. Halleria elliptica. A frequent, although generally 
small tree of all forest-patches of the coast districts. 

Oats, Wild — . Avena fatua* 

Old men's beard. Usnea harhata. A cosmopolitan lichen, 

frequent on yellowwood and other forest trees. 
Oleander, Wild — . Adina GalpiniL 
Oiie'boom (Castor-oil plant). Ricinus communist 
„ 'pitten. Pappea capensis. A shrub of the eastern Karoo 
(Berg'pruimen). The seeds rich in oil. 

Olifants'gras v. Grasses. 
„ 'hout == Elephant's wood. 
„ 'oor = Baviaans'oor. 
„ 'riet. Thamnochortus spicigerus and Restio giganteus. 

Used for thatching. The young fruit eagerly eaten by 

cattle. 
„ 'voet. Testudinaria elephantipes. The tuber-like stem up 

to 3 feet in diam. 

Olive (Olijf). Several species of Olea indigenous in S.A. The 
cultivated tree is 0. europaea. The common Wild — 
(Olieve'hout) is 0. verrucosa. This forms a good stock 
for the cultivated species. The so-called " Bastard — " 
is quite different, viz., Chilianthus oleaceus ; the Witte — 
is Halleria lucida; the Zand — , Dodonaea Thunl)ergiana, 
yields the " ijzer-toppies," q.v. 

Omumborumbonga. Com'bretum primigenum. A large tree 
of Damaraland, which is, according to a native myth 
(Herero), the source of the human race. 

Onder' bos. Name specially applied to Trichocladus ellipticui 
and the other two species of this genus. 

Oo*nd'bos (oven — ) Gonyza ivaefolia. Brooms of this half- 
shrub occasionally used for cleaning out ovens in baking 
(Swellendam). Used for coughs and chest complaints. 

Opgeitjes. Gardenia Neuleria. (E.). 



OPSLAG — PAARDE- 6B 

Op 'slag. All young herbage (annuals and new shoots of 
perennials, half -shrubs, etc.) appearing after the first 
rains of the season in the Karoo. Several kinds bear 
special names, e.g. : Rooi — , Hermannia stricta, etc. 

Orange, Kaffir — . Several species of Strychnos, e.g., S, spinosa. 
The pulp is acidulous and pleasant to eat, the seeds of 
some species are eaten, others, like 8. Gerrardi, are bitter. 
8. pungens is called Wild — , more commonly Klappers, 

Orchids. There are 500 species described from S.A., a few 
bearing common names: Bartholina pectinata, Spider — ; 
Cynorchis compact a. Swan — (Na) ; Bonatea spedosa, 
Green wood — (Knysna) ; Disa cornuta, Golden — 
(Knysna). The tree-orchids (epiphytes) mostly belong to 
the genera Angraecum, Mystacidium and Polystachya, the 
most conspicuous one being Mystacidium Mcaudatum. 
The European " Spider orchid " is a species of Orchis. 

Osse'tong. Anchusa capensis. 
Oude'bos ( — hout). Leucosidea sericea. 
„ 'hout. Cordia caffra, but also Ealleria lucida. 

Ou'koe. Cotyledon reticulata. A small clumsy succulent of 

the Karoo, with deciduous leaves. 
Ou'ma'kappie = Moeder'kappie. 
Ou'ma-trewa v. Ewa-trewa. 

Ou' pa 'pijp. Disa spathulata. The lip of this orchid consists 
of a long and narrow claw with a rounded blade. 

Ouweltje. Lycoperdon pratense. One of the puff-balli. 

Oven'bos = Oondbos. 

Ox-eye daisy. Dimorphotheca nudicaulis, etc. 

Paarde 'bos. Paranomus crithmifolius(Nivenia) ; Leucadendron 
adscendens, etc. The horses nibble at the leaves. 

„ 'klauw (Griqualand West). Mesem'b7ianthemum Hookeri. 
The outline resembling the spoor of a horse (much 
smaller) . 

„ 'pis. This name is used by the colonists for Clausena 
inaequalis (Rutaceae) on account of the strong odour of 
the foliage, especially when crushed. The leaves are 
employed in cases of fever (also colds). The Kaffirs employ 
it for fumigating babies (boys) in order to "make them 
strong." Widely distributed from the Knysna to Abys- 
sinia. Through some misunderstanding Ecklon & Zeyher 



U PAARDE- — PANNAE 

connected the name — with another tree and named it 
accordingly Hippohromus, although it does not possess 
any such odour and is not used medicinally. For this 
plant {H. parviflorus) the name Basterd — or Horse- 
wood is now sometimes employed. 

Paarde 'praam. Fagara capensis. (Xanthoxylum capense). The 
trunk is covered with conical excrescences. Bark used 
medicinally (e.g., against toothache). 

„ 'staart v. Horse-tail. 
»» 'vijg = Hottentot's fig. 

Paars' blom. Amphithalea ericifolia. Probably also other 
species with purple or mauve flowers. 

Padde'bos. CUffortia polygonifolia. (?). 
„ 'klauw. Teucrium africanum. Herb used as an emollient 
„ 'kombaars ( — slijm). Spirogyra. Several of these Algae 

form green slimy masses in stagnant pools. 
„ 'stoel. Species of Agaricus, Amanita, etc. Many of them 

poisonous. 

Paintbrush. Haemanthus coccinexis, etc. Flowers in a 
capitulum. 

Painted lady. Applied to several species of Gladiolus with 
pink marks on the flowers, e.g., G. dehiliSf G. hastatus. 
Sometimes also 6f. hlandus, etc. v. Afrikander. 

Palms. Four species wild in S.A. Phoenix recUnata (Wild 
date, Lisundu); Hyphaene crinita (Ginger bread tree, 
llala) and H. ventricosa (Dum — , Rhod., etc.) the two S.A. 
fan palms. On the coast of Pondoland occurs the rare 
Jubaeopsis cajfra (Inkomba). 

Palmiet. Prioniiim serratiim. This, the only arborescent 
species of Juncaceae (rushes), is frequent in swamps and 
river-beds of the south-western Cape districts. In other 
parts of S.A. the name is sometimes applied to Typha 
australis (Bulrush). Leaves employed for mats. The 
fleshy young roots form a good vegetable. The so-called 
Berg — is Tetraria thermalis, quite a different plant. 

Pampoen'bos = Wilde kalabas. 

Pampoentje. Ornithogalum speciosum. Flower a deep orange, 
with 3 black tips ( Clanwilliam, etc.). 

Pannae radix is the pharmaceutical name for the indigenous 
male fern, Dryopteris athamantica (Inkomokomo). East, 
forests. 



PAPIER- — PEPPER- 65 

Papier'blom. Statice purpurata. Sandy tracts of the western 

coast. V. Strandroos. 
Papkuil == Bulrush. 

Parsnip, Water — . Sium Thunbergii. Med. 
PassioH'-flower (Passie'blom). Passiflora coerulea.^ From 

Brazil, but now half wild on the outskirts of woods. Other 

species cultivated in gardens. 
Patat, Norretje — = Norra. The fleshy root edible (roasted 

in ashes ) . ( Bokkeveld ) . 
„ Wilde — . Othonna auriculae folia. The tuberous root 

eaten by baboons. 
Patrijs 'blom. Androcymhium melanthioides. (Griq. W.). 
„ 'bos. Leucospermum huxifolium. Partridges often hide 

in these as in other bushes. 
Pauw'blom. Moraea Pavonia (= Uiltje). 
Pea, Violet — . Baphia racemosa (Na). 
Peach, Wild — . Kiggelaria africana. (Forests). In the 

Transvaal: Landolphia capensis (= Apricot), v. also 

Spekhout. 
Peacock flower. Moraea Pavonia. 

Pear (D: peer). Several trees called so on account of some 
real or imaginary resemblance of the wood to that of the 
fruit tree. Hard — , Olinia cymosa. Frequent in all wooded 
kloofs of the S.W. Coffee Hard — , Pleurostylia capensis; 
Red — , Scolopia Mundtii; Thorn — , Scolopia Zeyheri; 
White — , Apodytes dimidiata. For Prickly pear v. that. 

Pen 'doorn. Gymnosporia huxifolia. A shrub with long spines, 
frequent throughout the country. 

Pennywort. Hydrocotyle asiatica.* Now in many countries. 

Peper, Wilde — or Bos — . Piper capense. Knysna and other 

forests. 
Peper-en-zout. Wurmhea capensis. The variety with white 

and black flowers. 
Peper 'bos = Pepper bush. 

„ 'gras. Ranunculus muricatus. An acrid herb (buttercup). 
Pepper bush. Relhania genistifolia (Riversdale, etc.). Foliage 

with a pungent taste. Also Montinia caryophyllacea 

{M. acris). Foliage very pungent. 
„ cress (Cape). Lepidium capense. 



66 PERIWINKLE — PINCUSHION 

Periwinkle. Vinca major* Introduced from Southern Europe 
and now frequent in many wooded ravines, oak planta- 
tions, etc. 

Pers 'gras. Centella gldhrata (Hydrocotyle) . 

Perske, Wilde — , v. Peach. 

Peterselie, Wilde — . Peucedanum tenuifolium. Similar in its 
effect to the Wild celery. 

Pietje Laporte (Nam.) = Stinkblaar. 
Pigeon wood. Trema tracteolata. 
Pig lily = Arum. 

„ weed (Cape). Amarantus Thuribergii, A, spinosus.* 
Pigs ears. Cotyledon orMculata. Poisonous to poultry in the 
Tr. 

Pijn-in-zijde'bos. Muraltia Beiliana (Riversdale, etc.). 

Pijp 'gras V. Grasses. 

Pijpie. Used for many plants with tubular flowers, but 
especially for species of Watsonia, Antholyza and 
Gladiolus. Some of the latter are also called 
Afrikaander s, and some bear both names according 
to district. 

Aand — (avond — ), G. grandis (Caledon), with a strong 
scent in the evening. (The large brown africander). 
Bak — , G. spathaceus (Blue bell). 

Blauw — , G. villosus, etc.; Geel — , G. trichonemifolius; 
Kanol — , (knol — ) Watsonia rosea, W. iridifolia, 

W. marginata, etc. The Blauw is Aristea capitata. 

Klip — (Klip lelie.), Gladiolus hyalinus (Cedar mts.). 
Lak — , W. Merianaj Rooi — , W. angusta, W. rosea, 
G. Watsonius, G. IrevifoUus ; 
Vlei — (Franschhoek), G. hastatus. 
Was — , W. humilis. 
Zand — , G. gracilis (Flats). G. recurvus (Cedar mts.). 

Pijp-steel. Cliffortia ferruginea and G. stroMlifera. Stem 
hollow. 

Pile root. Sansevieria thyrsiflora. Eastern. 

Pimpernel, Blue — , AnagalUs coerulea. The Scarlet — , 

A. arvensis. 

Pin cushion. Euphorbia pulvinata. A flat cushion-shaped 
plant, up to 2 feet in diameter, armed with hundreds of 
spines. On the other hand the fruiting capitula of ScaMosa 
Columbaria are tiny and elegant — s. 



PINK — POMPELMOER 67 

Pink, Wild — , Dianthus scaler, etc. 
Pinotie'bossie = Bur weed. 

Pisang, Gele — , StreWzia Reginae. The foliage resembles a 
banana plant. 
„ , Witte — , 8. augusta. Flowers white and blue. 

Pis 'goed. Euphorbia erythrina, E. genistoides. Injurious to 
oxen and kapaters. 

Pistol bush. Adhatoda Duvernoia. The capsules open with a 
sudden crack and throw the seeds to some distance, like 
various other Acanthaceae, Rutaceae, etc. 

Plakkies. Crassula portulacea. 

Plane, Cape — , Ochna arlorea. (E.). 

„ , Rehmann's — , 0. Rehmanni. (Tr.). 
Plantain. Plantago major* An introd. weed. 
Plat 'doorn. Arctopiis echinatus. Root = Zieke'troost. 

„ 'voet = Plantain. 
Plok. Antholyza nervosa. 

Plomb, Blauw — . Name for our water-lily in High Dutch. 
Plum, Dog — , Ekehergia capensis (Cape ash). 

„ , Kaffir — , Harpephyllum cajfrum. (E.). 

„ , Mobola — , Parinarium Mohola (Hissing tree). (No). 

„ , Natal — , Carissa grandiflora (Amatungulu). 
Also Chrysophyllum natalense. 

„ , Sour — , Ximenia cajfra and X. americana. 

Plumbago. P. capensis. (E. & No). Often employed for hedges. 
Occurs also with white flowers. 

Poison bush = Giftboom. 

Poker = Bulrush. 

Poke weed. Phytolacca americana.* 

Pokkies'blom. Eermannia hyssopifolia, H. althaeifoUa. 

Poko grass v. Grasses. 

Pol. Euphorbia meloformis. East. Karoo, v. also Noordpol 

and Vingerpol. 
Pomegranate, Wild — . Burchellia capensis. Flowers bright 

scarlet. 
Pompel'moer, apparently a corruption of ''pomme d'amour " 

= Appel der liefde, a name used here for the 

Cape gooseberry (from S. Amer.). 



68 PONDWEED — QUAE 

Pondweed. Various species of Potamogeton, the most 
frequent one being P. pusillus. In England Aponogeton 
distachytis is called the Cape — . 

Poor man's weather-glass. Anagallis arvensis* 

Poplar. The common Populus canescens (Eur.), now widely 
spread here. 

Poppy, Wild — . Papaver aculeatum. A small species. 

„ , Mexican — . Argemone mexicana* Weed. 
Pork wood. Kiggelaria africana. 

Porselein (Postelein). Portulaca oleracea* A weed, but also 
used as a bredie. 

„ 'bos. MesemWianthemum striatum (Van Rhynsdorp). 

Port Jackson Willow. Acacia saligna* (Austral.). Spreading 
readily in sandy soil. 

Prairie grass v. Grasses. 

Pretoria bossie. 8ida rhomhifolia. Weed. 

Prickly pear. Opuntia decumana* From Central America, 
now growing here in two forms, viz., the real 0. decumana 
of Haworth, which is our Kaalblad, and the spiny form, 
called Doornblad, which we now designate as 0. decumana 
var. spinosa; the former has been obtained from the latter 
by selective cultivation. 

Pride of De Kaap. Bauhinia Galpinii. A shrub with showy 

crimson flowers, easily cultivated. 
„ of Table Mountain. Disa uniflora. Vigorous plants bear 
two or three flowers. 
Primrose, Evening — . v. Evening. 
„ , Natal — . Thunhergia atriplicifoUa. 
Protea, Giant — ,Prótea cynaroides. 
„ , Sugar — . P. mellifera, P. pulchellaj etc. 
Pruim'bast = Sumach. 

Pruimen. Various wild fruits. Berg — (— bessies ),Pappea 
capensis; Jakhals — , Colpoon compressum; Kaffer — , 
Harpephyllum caffrum; Zuur — (Wilde — ), Ximenia 
americana and X. caffra. v. also Plum. 

Puff-ball. Lycoperdon pratense, etc. 
Purslane = Porselein. 

Quaking grass y. Grasses. 

Quar. Plectronia obovata. A timber tree of the Knysna. 



QUICK — RENOSTER 69 

Quick (v. Kweek). Cynodon Dactylon, C. incompletwn^ 
Stenotaphrum glahrum, etc. 

Quiilwort. Isoetcs natalensis. 

Quinine berry. Cephalanthus natalensis. Very bitter. 
„ tree. Rauwolfia natalensis. Bark contains a very 
bitter glucoside. 

Raap'tol (Raap'uintje). Cyanella capensis. Corm edible. 
Raas'bessie = Guarri. 

Rabass, Rode — . Pelargonium grossularioides (P. anceps). 
In the eastern districts P. reniforme. Roots used 
medicinally. 
„ , Wilde — . Monsonia umlellata. 

Ragwort. Senecio rigidus, etc. Injurious to stock. See also 

Molteno-disease herb. 
Ramenas. In the S.W. the " Jointed charlock '\ In the eastern 

Karoo Aloe longistyla, one of the small species. 
„ , Wilde — . Gunnera perpensa. Has no similarity to the 

preceding. 

Rani's horn. Aponogeton natalensis. 

Rank'als v. Als. 

„ 'doorn == Grapple plant. 

Rapuis = Harpuis. 

Raspberry, Wild — . (New Zealand — ), from the Himalaya. 
Rubus rosifolius. In shape and colour like the real kind, 
but less juicy. Rare at the Cape. 

Rattestaart v. Babiaantje. 

Red devil (Eastern distr.). Amarantus Thunhergii. Over- 
grows cultivated lands and turns reddish in autumn. 

Red-hot poker. Kniphofia occidentalis (western) ; K. TJ varia 
(east). 

Red wood, Cape — . Ochna arhorea. (= Cape plane). 

Reebok'blom. Gladiolus tristis and G. grandis. (S.W.). 

Reed (Common — .). Phragmites communis. 

Renoster'bos (Rhenoster bush). Elytropappus rhinocerotis. 
Almost universal on all clayey lands of the South West 
when allowed to remain fallow. Mostly looked upon as 
a useless bush, which much impedes the farming opera- 



70 RENOSTER - ROOIKNOL 

tions, but on the Ruggens (Caledon distr.) it is in many 
cases the only fuel available for ovens and other domestic 
use. 
Resin bush. Several species of Euryops, e.g., E. lateriflorus, 
etc. Bark and leaves rich in resin, v. Harpuisbos. 

Respies. Harpephyllum paniculosum. 
Reuk — V. Ruik — . 
Rexia. Streptocarpus Rexii (forests). 
Ribwort. Plantago lanceolata*. 
Rice flower. ScaUosa Columbaria, 
„ plant. Gasteria nitida. 

Riet (Fluitjes — , Vaderlands — ). Phragmites communis. 
The term " riet '' is also applied to various other plants. 

„ 'uintje. Moraea tricuspis. Edible. 
Rock alder v. Alder. 

Rode' blad (Rooiblaar). Comlretum erythrophyllum, 
C. salicijolium. Trees on the banks of the Vaal, Orange, 
and other rivers. Leaves turning a dark red in autumn. 
'bout. Ochna arbor ea. 
'kwast = Paintbrush. 
'peer. Scolopia Mundtii. 
'rabass v. Rabass. 
'zaad V. Grasses. 

Roer 'kruid. Gnaphalium luteo-alhum* Now cosmopolitan. 

Rog, Wilde — . Secale africanum. Indigenous on the Rogge- 
veld, so named after it. 

Roggeveld 'gras. Matricaria alhida. A common weed in the 
Bokkeveld, allied to the widely spread Stinkkruid, q.v. 

Rooi 'bast. Acacia Gerrardi. 

'bessie. Olinia cymosa (Hardpeer). Very showy when 

in fruit. 
'blom = Witch weed. 

'bos tee v. Tee. 
'doorn = Rooibast. 
'els. Cunonia capensis. See Alder, 
'gras V. Grasses. 
'houtjes. Ruhia petiolaris. 

'knol (= Kanol). Wachendorfia paniculata. Tubers 
with deep red flesh. 



ROOIKRANS — RUSSTAN- 71 

Rooi 'krans. Acacia Cyclops* Seeds provided with a 
bright red arillus. From Australia, spreading in the 
sandy coast tracts. One of the Golden willows. 

pop = Zoetpop. 

stompie. Mimetes lyrigera (bushy variety). 

storm = Rooihoutjes. 

touw. Ficus lutea. ( ?) Knysna. 

trewa. Satyrliim carneum. A stately orchid of the Cape 
Flats, up to 3 feet high. 
„ 'wortel. Bulhine alooides. Med. 

Roos 'touw. Hibiscus Liidwigii. Allied to the hollyhock 
(Althaea)*, but flowers yellow. The bark very tough. 

Rose, White — (half-wild). Rosa laevigata* Originally 
from Eastern Asia. Now often called the " Georgian " 
rose, from its half-wild occurence in Georgia (U.S.A.). 
Here sometimes called " Macartney — ", but different. 

Rosemary, Wild — . Eriocephalus umhellatus. The foliage 
very aromatic. 

Rosmarijn v. Rosemary. 

Rozijntjes'bos. Grewia cana, G. flava. The druplets possess 
a little sweet pulp and resemble small currants. Used 
by the natives for beer making. In some districts also 
species of Rhus, e.g. R. viminalis; a locality in Little 
Namaqualand is called accordingly " Rozijnbos ". See 
also K r e n t e b o s. 

Rub- rub berry. Rhus ohovata. Various species of Rhus 
(taai 'bos) bear fruitlets with a little edible pulp (Kraai'- 

bessie). 

Ruigte = Rushes or fine-leaved (cricoid) shrublets. 

Ruik 'peul. Acacia Benthami. Pods aromatic. 

Timber very durable, hence much esteemed for fencing 
poles. Tr. 

Rumanachie. Struthiola stricta (Bredasdorp). 

Rushes. Properly species of Juncus, e.g., J. litoralis, 
J. maritimus, here often called '^ riet." 

Russian thistle. Salsola Kali. A weed, now almost 
cosmopolitan in littoral districts and on braklands. Very 
troublesome in some parts of North America. 



72 SAFFRAAN SCHAAP- 

Saffraan'bossie v. Geel blommetje. 
„ 'hout. Various trees: Rechte — , is Elaeodendron 
croceiim; Basterd — , Pleur ostylia capensis; Berg — , 
Scolopia Mundtii; Transvaal — , Gymnosporia deflexa. 

Saffron wood = Saffraanhout. 

Sage, Wild — . v. Salie. 

Sage wood. Buddleia salviifolia. Leaves resembling the 
garden sage. In some districts also Tarchonanthus 
camphoratus. 

Sago, Wild — . Plantago major* The seeds used as a food. 

Salie (Sage). Species of Salvia; The Blauw'blom — . 
S. africana and S, paniculata; the Geel' blom — or 
Strand — , S. aurea; the Witte — , Nuxia congesta. 

Salie'hout = Sage wood. 

Salt-bush. Atriplex Halimus. A valuable fodder-shrub of 
brackish Karoo lands. Several Australian species intro- 
duced, suitable in similar localities, e.g., A. halimoides* 
and A. semihaccata* (low spreading), also A. nummularia 
(tall). 

Saltwort = Russian thistle. 

Sambreel == Sambriel. 

Sambrielboom (Samareel). Gussonia spicata. On account 

of the umbrella-like terminal tufts of leaves. Also other 

species. The huge fleshy roots edible. 
Sambrieltje (Clanwilliam). Hessea stellaris. A small bulbous 

plant, bearing an umbel of numerous red or purplish 

flowers (May).. 
Sandel wood, Cape — . According to Sim (Forest Flora) 

Excoecaria africana. 
Sand apple. Parinarium capense. (Grijs 'appel). (No.) 
Sapree'hout. Widdringtonia Schwarzii. A tall tree of the 

Baviaan s-Kloof mountains. The Berg'sapree is 

W. cupressoides. 
Satisfaction. Asparagus plumosus, q.v. 
Sausage tree = Cucumber tree. 

Scabious, Wild — . Scahiosa Golumharia and S. africana. 
Schaam 'blom. Protea rosacea. Heads drooping, the bracts 

dark red. Tulbagh mts., etc. 
Schaap 'bos. Pentzia virgata. One of the most valuable 

fodder-shrublets of the Karoo (= Goed'karoo). In 



SCHAAP- — SEPTEMBEK- 73 

some districts the same name applies to Felicia 
fascicularis. 

Schaapbos'tee. Quite different from the preceding. Psoralea 
hracteata, (S.W.) Used green or dry. 

Schaap-drolletje. Plectronia ventosa. From some similarity 
of the shrivelled fruit. Also P. ciliata. 

Schildpad = Elephants' foot. 
„ „ 'bessie = Duine'bessie. 

„ „ 'blom. Hyolanche sanguinea. A red root-parasite. 
„ „ 'bos. ZygopTiyllum Morgsana. Also Qruhhia 

rosmarinifolia (Bredasdorp). 
„ „ 'kost. Microloma tenuifolium. Better known as the 
Wax creeper. In the Karoo the same name applied to 
Crassula lycopodioides. 
Schoen 'zolen = Veldschoen' blaren. 

Screw bur. Medicago denticulata^ M. laciniata (= Klaver '- 
gras). 

Sea bean. Entada scandens. A tropical woody climber; the 
large seeds float on water and are carried to distant 
shores by ocean currents, e.g., St. Helena, Tristan da 
Cunha. 

„ grass. Zostera nana, Z. marina. Plants of lagoons, 
estuaries, etc. They are not seaweeds. Employed in 
Europe for matresses, etc. 

„ lavender. Statice scahra, etc. 

„ lettuce. Species of Viva (Algae). 

Sealing-wax tree. Pterocarpus erinaceus. No. 

Sebaea. S. exacoides. A lovely spring annual with yellow 
flowers. 

Sedges. Species of Scirpus, e.g., the socially growing 
S. maritimtis and the tall Carpha glomerata. 

Selderij, Wilde — . Peucedanum (Buhon) Gallanum 

(= Blistering bush). 

Senna, Wild — . Cassia ohovata. One of the species from 
which the real senna leaves of commerce are obtained in 
North Africa. 

Septee. Cordia caffra. A stately tree of the E. distr. 
September bells. Gardenia glohosa. Natal. 
„ 'bossie. Polygala myrtifolia. (S.W.) A favoured garden 
shrub. 



74 SERING — SLAAI 

Sering, Wilde — (Syringa). Burl<ea africann. Tr. and No. 
The wood resembling mahogany and much esteemed for 
furniture. 
Sesame. (Thunder-bolt flower). Sesamum indicum. Cult, and 

as a weed. (Na., Tr.). 
Sheep's ears. Helichrysum appendiculatum. A tea. 
„ sorrel. Rumex acetosella. A troublesome weed of grain- 
lands. 
„ tongue. Mesemhrianthemum calcareum (Kimberley) 
A stemless plant with whitish, very rough, tongue-shaped 
leaves. 
Shepherd's delight. Adenandra iimhellata. S.W. hills. 
Spring. 
„ purse. Capsella bursa pasto7is.* A cosmopolitan weed. 
„ tree. Gapparis alhitrunca. Karoo and No. 
Sherungulu. Kaempferia Ethelae. East. Tr., Del. B. 
Sij'dissei (Zuig'distel). Sonchus oleraceus* Common weed. 

Sikkelbos. Dichrostachys nutans. Pods falcate. (No). 
Wood equal in durability to sneezewood; termite-proof. 

Sikkirrie. Euphorbia decussata. The root employed for Kaffir 
beer (Griq. W.) like Mesemhrianthemum stellatum. 

Silk bark. Gymnosporia acuminata. Forests. 

Si! ver tree. Leiicadendron argenteum. Occurs naturally only 
on the Cape Peninsula, but has been sown on some hills 
of the neighbouring districts. Reports of its occurrence 
further north are due to mistaking other trees for it. 
The timber formerly used for the principals and horizon- 
tals of thatched roofs, as seen in some old homesteads on 
the Cape Peninsula, e.g. at " Bergvliet ". 

Sirie'hout. Tarchonanthus camphoratus (Vaal'bos). 
(C. & No.). 

Sissie, Heath — . Erica ampullacea. 
„ , Klip — . Adenandra fragrans. Caledon, etc. 
„ , Ruik — . Rochea jasminea. S.W. mts. 

Sjambok' bos. Senecio junceus. Shoots leafless, long, flexible. 
Karoo. 

Sjambokkie = Tien-os touw. Tap roots long and lough. 

Slaai, Brak — . Mesembrianthenmm crystallinum. All dry 
districts. 



SLAAI — SNOWDROP 75 

Slaait Varken — . Mesemhrianthemum pugioniforme. Sandy 
tracts. 

Slaai'bossie. Didelta spinosa. (One of the " paarde-bossies.") 
Slak 'blom. Drosera cistiflora, D. capensis, etc. 

Also species of Hehenstreitia (Knysna). 
Slang'blom. Monsonia speciosa. ( ?) 
„ 'bos. Stoel)e cinerea, Elytropappus glandulosus. Favour- 
able hiding places of snakes. Often employed by moun- 
taineers and campers as bedding. In the Karoo applied 
to Crassula lycopodioides ( — bossie). 
„ 'gift. Euphorhia pugniformis. 
„ 'houtjes. Garuleum hipinnatum. 

„ 'kop. Several poisonous plants (Liliaceae) bear this 
name. In the Karoo, etc., it is Ornithoglossum viride; 
in the Transvaal Urginea BurkeA, in Natal U. macrocentra. 
„ 'kost. Amanita phalloides. Very poisonous. 
„ 'wortel. Polygala serpentaria. Root a popular remedy. 
Slijtn'stok ( — 'uintje). Alhuca minor, A. major, etc. Chil- 
dren eat the basal portion of the flowering stalk. Accord- 
ing to Thunberg the white portion is used for quenching 
the thirst. Also Bulhine praemorsa. 

Smal'blad ( — blaar). Maha natalensis. 
Also Hartogia capensis (Pappe). 

Smilax in S.A. : Asparagus crispus. In England 
A. medeoloides. 

Snake flower (Na). Ornithogalum flavissimum. In Nam.: 
0. speciosum. 
„ lily (Na). Haemanthiis natalensis. 
„ root. Garuleum hipinnatum. Polygala serpentaria. 
Sneeze wood = Nies'hout. 
„ „ , Bastard — , Bersama Tysoniana. E. 
Sneeuw 'blom. Protea cryophila. Flower heads very large, 
with white-bearded bracts (Cedar mts.). 

Snij 'gras. Scirpus maritimus. Leaf -edge sharp like a fine 
saw. 

Snot' blom = Sundew. 

Snowdrop (Cape — ). Crassula Septas. A pretty little winter 
flower of the South West, not related to the real 
snowdrop {Galanthus nivalis). 



76 SOAP- — SPRUITJES 

Soap bush. Noltea africana. Leaves employed like soap by 

the natives. 
Soldaat (Soldier). Kniphofia occidentalism K. uvaria, etc. 

Soldier in the box. Alhuca minor, etc. The 3 fertile stamens 
are hidden in the cucullate petals. 

Sore-eye flower. Numerous Amaryllidaeeae bear this name, 
owing to the irritation of the eyes, caused by the pollen, 
e.g. Brunsvigia gigantea, Buphane ciliaris etc. (Zeer 'oog' 
blom). 

Sorrel. Used in S.A. for species of Rumex and Oxalis, while 
in England 0. Acetosella is called Wood sorrel. There are 
over 120 species of Oxalis in S.A. The common yellow- 
flowering species is 0. cernua. The Sheep • — Rum ex 
acetosella^ the Kaffir — Pelargonium peltatum. The so- 
called Natal — is Hihiscus SaMariffa, cultivated and used 
by the Indians, v. Zuring. 

Sosatie v. Concertina. Plant not unlike a string of fleshy 
bits. 

Sow thistle. Sonchus oleraceus. v. Sijdissel. 

Speedwell. Veronica Anagallis. Wet localities. Cosmop. 

Spek 'boom. Portulacaria afra. A shrub or small tree of the 
eastern Karoo, Addo bush, etc., possessing a very nutriti- 
ous and succulent foliage. Drought resisting. Also 
called Elephant's food. 
„ 'bossie. Zygophyllum flexuosum. Leaves fleshy. 
„ 'hout. Kiggelaria africana. In all woods from Capetown 
to Natal. 

Spider leg. 8ida longipes. (Tr). 
„ orchid. Bartholina pectinata and B. Ethelae. (S.W.). 

Spinnekop'blom. Ferraria undulata. Flower a dark velvety 
brown with yellow markings at the base of each petal, 
resembling those of some spiders. Another plant with 

yellow flowers, called for a similar reason, is 

Wachendorfia paniculata. Both Ca. 
„ 'bos. Serruria Burmanni, etc. (S.W.) 

Spoon wood ^= Lepel'hout. v. Ladlewood. 

Sporrie. Spergula arvensis* Cultivated as a fodder-plant, 
sometimes a garden weed. 

Springbok'bossie. Othonna pallens. (C). 

Spruitjes = Frutang (several kinds). 



SPURGE — STIJF- 77 

Spurge. Euphorbia helioscopia* E. Peplus* E. sanguinea* 

Spurry = Sporrie. 

Squill, Wild — . Various species of Scilla (mostly with blue 
flowers), the bulb of some used med., e.g. S. lanceaefoUa 
(E.). Others very poisonous, e.g. /Sf. rigidifolia, also East. 

Stamper wood. Ehretia hottentotica. 0. and E. 

Stam'vruchte. Chrysophyllum magalismontanum. A hand- 
some tree of the Tr., etc. Fruits edible, borne directly on 
the bark of stouter twigs and branches. 

Star apple. Royena lycioides. Eastern Karoo, etc. 
„ bur. Acanthospermum Brasilum. Weed, S. Amer. (Tr.). 

„ of Bethlehem. Ornithogalum thyrsoides. In Europe this 
name is applied to 0. umbellatum (South Eur.). 

Steek'bos. Cliff ortia ruscifolia. One of the most common 
shrubs of the south-western districts. Leaves rigid and 
sharp-pointed. Also other shrubs with such leaves, and 
Argemone mexicana* (C). 
„ 'gras. Several species, either with rigid, sharp-pointed 
leaves, like Aristida congesta, or with spikelets or fruits 
which bore themselves into the fleece or flesh of sheep and 
goats, e.g., Heteropogon contortus, Cymhopogon Mrtus. 

Steek'riet. Eragrostis cyperoides. A valuable grass for 
arresting drift-sands along the sea-shore, as it cannot 
fall a prey to stray cattle like the Marram (AmmopMla) . 

Stekel'tee v. Tee. 

Ster 'boom. Cliff ortia arlorea. Roggeveld Mts. The largest 
species of the genus. 
„ 'gras. Ficinia radiata. A stunted sedge with bright yel- 
low inflorescences. Cape Flats, etc. 

Sterk 'bast. Peddiea africana. The bark tough and flexible 

like that of most other Thymelaeaceae. East. 
„ 'kost ( „ gras). Lepidium capense. A poisonous herb 

(Oalvinia). Allied to the garden cress (L. sativum). 
„ 'man = Kr achtman. 
Sterremuur = Chickweed. 

Sterretje. Several kinds of flowers, particularly species of 
Curculigo as C. pUcata, and Hypoxis, as H. stellata. 

Stijf' ziekte'bos. Crotalaria Burkeana (Tr.). 



78 STINK- — SUIKER- 

Stink 'blaar. Datura Stramonium. A poisonous weed. The 
seeds in particular are rich in the narcotic alkaloid 
hjoscjamine. The Blauw — is D. Tatula, sometimes 
considered merely a variety of the white. The leaves of 
both are a much esteemed remedy against asthma. 
„ 'boontje. Acacia melanoxylon* (Australian blackwood). 
The pods possess an unpleasant odour. 

„ bush (No). Boscia foetida. The flowers emit a very 
unpleasant odour, which attracts various flies. Along 
the coast, for a similar reason, the same name is given to 
Azima tetracantha. 

„ 'gras V. Grasses. 

„ 'bout. The most familiar kind, called Black stink- 
wood, is Ocotea hullata (Knysna, etc.). Much esteemed 
for furniture. The Red — is Pygeum africanum (East, 
forests), and the Camdeboo — or White — , Celtis 
Kraussiana. 

„ 'klaver. MeUlotus parviflora. Weed. 

„ 'kruid. Matricaria glohifera. A common plant of sandy 
tracts. 

„ wood = Stinkhout. 

Stok' roos. The garden plant is Althaea rosea* but locally 
the name is given to our indigenous Sparrmania africana, 
a plant possessing a valuable fibre. 

Stomp 'doorn. A name used by the Boers of xVngola for 
Gardenia Thunhergia. 

Stompie. Several stunted shrubs, e.g., Brunia nodiflora, 
Mimetes lyrigera. 

Stone wort. Chara fragilis, etc. Submerged cryptogamous 
plants, in vleis, etc. 

Strand'roos. Statice rosea (Also Papierblom). 
Stroop 'bos. Struthiola longiflora. Cedar mts. 

Stuipe'bossie. Nymania capensis (Aitonia). Supposed to 
be a remedy for convulsions. 

Sugar bush. The most frequent species of Protea employed 
for the manufacture of a syrup (bossies stroop) is 
P. mellifera. The common — of the Transvaal is 
P. Roupelliae and near Pretoria P. hirta (White — ). 

Suiker'bos == Sugar bush. 

P. neriifolia is called the Blauw suiker'bos. 



SUIKER- — TAND- 79 

Suiker'kan. Antholyza revoluta (Red africander). Visited by 
sun -birds and sugar-birds like other members of the 
genus. 
„ 'riet. Along the coast this name is applied to Agropyrum 
distichum* on account of the sweetish rootstock. In the 
eastern and northern provinces it is the cultivated 
" Sweet cane/' Sorghum saccharatum* 

Sumach, Cape — and Tr. — , Osyris ahyssinica. The leaves 
employed for tanning. 

Sundew. Drosera. A genus of insectivorous plants with 8 
species in S.A., some with large showy flowers, like 
D. cistiflora. 

Superb lily. Gloriosa superha. A climbing lily with beautiful 
large flowers. The leaf-tip transformed into a tendril. 
(E., No.) Tuber med. 

Swan orchid. Cynorchis compacta. (Na). 

Sword bean v. Sea bean. 

Taai 'bos. All shrubby species of Rhus, on account of the 
toughness of the wood. Some of the most frequent kinds 
in the western districts are: R. lucida, R. glauca, 
R. mucronata, R. o'bovata, R. tomentosa, R. laevigata. 

„ „ , Fijne — . Passerina fiUformis. 

„ „ , Rank — . Rhus mucronata. Spreads by means of 
suckers. Cape Flats. » 

„ „ , Zoet — . Rhus crenata. v. Kraaibessie. 

„ 'man. Sida rhomhifolia. Bark tough. 

Tabak 'bos. Senecio halimifoUus. Used as a windbreak in 
cultivated sandy land on the Cape Flats. Foliage 
glaucous and somewhat resembling that of Nicotiana 
glauca, v. Tobacco (Wild). 
„ , Wilde = Wild tobacco. 

Tamaraka. Alhuca minor, A. major (v. Slijmstok). 

Tamarisk. Tamarix articulata and T. usneoides. Frequent 
along river banks of drier regions (brak soil). In gardens 
one often finds the cultivated Myricaria germanica. 

Tambookie thorn. Erythrina acanthocarpa. (Eastern O.P.). 

Spiny, the flowers showy. 
Tam boot ie. Excoecaria africana. A large timber tree of the 

Tr. etc. Wood resembles teak, impervious to termites. 

Tand'pijn wortel. Sium Thunhergii. 



80 TEA — TEE 

TEA (v. also Tee). Many indigenous herbs or shrublets are 
employed as tea for daily consumption or medicinal pur- 
poses. None of them, with the exception of Gatfia, con- 
tain any alkaloid. In most cases the reason for the use 
appears to be some aromatic substance, e.g. Helichrysum, 
Leyssera, Psoralea, etc. 

Black — (Na). Obtained from Eugenia Zeyheri. 
„ „ (Clanwilliam and Piquetberg). Aspalathus 
tenuifolia. Leaves very similar in appearance to 
Rooibos — , but black (when prepared for use). 

Bu«h — . Several kinds. The most frequently employed 
shrublet is Cyclopia Vogelii (Honey — , Boer — ) 
from the mountains of Swellendam, etc. On the Cape 
Peninsula it is the narrow-leaved G. genistoides, 
and along the coast C. tenuifolia (Vlei tee). 
The fresh leaves are subjected to a kind of fermenta- 
tion by keeping them in a tightly packed heap for 
some days. After this process of '' sweating " they 
are dried in the sun. They contain several specific 
substances not known from other plants, viz., 
cyclopine and cyclopia-red, but no tannin. 

Bushman^s — . Catha edulis. A tree widely spread in 
eastern Africa, from Egypt to the Cape. Cultivated 
in Abyssinia, etc., where the leaves are employed like 
China-tea. Contains the stimulating alkaloid katine. 

Hottentot's — , Helichrysum serpyllifolium and 
H. auriculatum. Both herbs aromatic. (Ca). 

Kaffir— (Na). Athrixia pTiylicoides. 
Teak. Several indigenous trees, their timber somewhat 
resembling the real — , Tectona grandis, (East Ind.). The 
African — is Oldfieldia africana (Trop.) ; the Cape — , 
Strychnos Atherstonei (Transkei, etc.) ; the Rhodesian — , 
Gopaifera coleosperma ; and the Transvaal — , Adina 
Galpinii as well as Pterocarpus erinaceus. 

TEE (v. also Tea). 

Berg — , Geranium incanum; Bos — , v. Bush tea; Doorn 
— , Gliffortia iUcifolia; Duine — , Helichrysum 
imhricatum, similar to the Hottentot's — ,both trail- 
ing aromatic herbs; Geel'bloninietje — , Leyssera 
gnaphaloides (Coast distr.) ; Glas — , Gliffortia 
ferruginea; Honger — , Leyssera gnaphaloides, said 
to stimulate the appetite ; Hottentots — , Helichrysum 



TEE — THUNGA 81 

serpyllifoUum ; Kaffer — (Cape), Helichrysum 
nudifolium 'y Lidjes — (Cedar mts.), Thesium 
spicatum, black when ready for use; Lidjes — (Cape 
distr.), Viscum capense, used dry or green; Rooi 'bos 
— , Rooi — , Naald — or Koopmans — ^ is Borhonia 
pinifolia; a small shrublet of the Olifants river and 
Cedar mts. The twigs and leaves are cut up and 
fermented like the Cyclopia. A pleasant beverage, 
especially in hot weather, free from tannin and 
stimulating ingredients; Schaap 'bos — , Psoralea 
hracteata, leaves with resin-dots; Schildpad — == 
Geel blommetjes — ; Skagal — , Borljonia parviflora, 
similar to Stekel — -, used green or dry; Spelonken 
— = Bushman's tea; Stekel — , Borhonia cordata-, 
Tering — = Glas — ; Vaal — . Leyssera tenella 
(Roggeveld), at the coast Helichrysum serpyllifoUum; 
Veld — , Rafnia perfoliata and R. amplexicaulis ; 
Vlei — , Cyclopia tenuifolia v. bush tea. 
Speide — == Rooi — . 

Terblanz. Faurea MacNaughtonii (Knysna). A beautiful 
wood. 

Tering 'bos. Thesium spec. ? (Knysna). 

" 'tee V. Tee. 

Terransi'bos (Terassi). Acacia stolonifera. (Griq. W.). 
Thistle (S.A.) v. Disseldoom. 
Thistle, Malta — . Centaurea melitensis* Weed. 

„ , Milk — . Sonchus oleraceus. Cosmopolitan. 

„ , Russian — v. Russian — . 

„ , Spear — . Cnicus lanceolatus. 

„ , St. Barnaby's — . Centaurea solstitialis* A trouble- 
some weed (Bedford, etc.). 

„ , St. Mary's — . Silyhum Marianum.^ Acclimatised. 

„ , Sow — , V. Sow thistle. 

„ , Star — . Centaurea calcitrapa* 
Thorn apple = Stinkblaar. 

„ pear v. Pear. 

„ tree v. Doornboom. 

Thunder tree (Na). Trichilia emetica {T. Dregeana). (?) 
Thunderbolt flower = Sesame ( ?) 

Thunga (tonga). Oncoha spinosa. The Zulus make snuff 
boxes of the seed-pods. 



82 TIEN- — TOUW 

Tien-os-touw. Aspalathus mollis. A shrublet of hills and 
waste lands of the South West. The root is very long 
and tough, hence much impeding the ploughing of lands, 
like the Assegaai wortel. 

Ti'er'hout (tiger'hout). Loxostylis alata. (?) 

Tirucalli. EuphorMa TirucalU. Arborescent. The latex 
yields a kind of rubber, which is rich in resin and conse- 
quently low in value. 

T'nau = Kanni. 

Toad plants. Species of Stapelia. 

Toadstool. Any not edible mushroom, e.g., the very virulent 
Amanita phalloides. 

Tobacco, Wild — . Nicotiana glaiwa* (from America), now a 
frequent shrubby weed throughout the country. 

Toetoe (Tu tu). Cyanella all)a. Flowers yellow. Corm edible. 
In the Karoo of Clanwilliam. 

Tol' balie. Kraussia lanceolata, but identity doubtful. 
„ 'bos (tolletje). Royena pubescens. Fruit resembling a 
miniature top. In the West the same is applied to 
Leucadendron plumosum, as the cones have the shape 
of a top. 

Tol'bossie = Tumble weed. 

Tondel 'blaar. Hermas gigantea. The large basal leaves are 
covered with a layer of white felt on the underside; when 
dried and properly prepared they are used for tinder- 
boxes and as a dressing for wounds, like lint (Clan- 
william) , etc. Some other plants are sometimes employed 
in a similar way, e.g., Arctotis acaulis (Tondeldoek). 
„ 'bos = Kapok (wilde). 

Tong 'blaar. Several species of Dock (Rumeco), especially 
R. conglomeratus. Leaves used for bredies. 

Toontje. Mesemhrianthcmum Eookeri. Plant a fleshy body 
growing embedded in the ground and eaten by children. 
Name means '^ little toes." The Bechuanas call it 
" sebululana." 

Torch lily. Kniphofia uvaria (= Ked-hot Poker). 

Touw (touwtje). Another name for the Grapple plant, 
Harpagophytum procumhens. (No.). From the stout 
perennial root arise long annual shoots, running in the 
grass. Horses eat them when other herbage is scarce. 



TOUW — TUEK- 83 

and are then often choked by the indigestible lumps, into 
which the fibrous tough stems are transformed during 
the chewing. 

Transsi v. Terransi. 

Travellers' joy. Clematis hracliiata, G. Thunhergii. 

Tree-fern v. Ferns. 

Tree killer. Ficus natalensis. Often starts life as an epiphyte 
on another tree, the seed having germinated in a crack 
of the bark or the junction of two branches. (Birds eat 
the fruits and scatter the seeds). Gradually the roots 
envelop the trunk and finally reach the ground, while the 
crown overshadows the host and finally overpowers it. 

Tril' gras = Bevertje. 

Trompetter. Gladiolus tristis var. concolor. v. Aand'blom. 

Trots van Franschhoek = Blushing bride. 

Truffle (Kalahari). Terfezia Glavereyi, a near relative of 
the real truffle. Forms a favourite vegetable. 

Truitje-roer-mij-niet. v. Kruidje. 

Trumpet flower (Cape — ) == Kaffir honeysuckle. 

Tryphia. Holotlirix Lindleyana, etc. Small orchids of the 
Eastern Province. 

Tsamma (tshamma). Gitrullus vulgaris. The sweet wild 
melon, frequent in some parts of the Kalahari. 

Tulp (tulip). Several poisonous Irids: Homer ia collina, the 
Geel (yellow) — ; E. aurantiaca and H. miniata, the 
Rooi (red) — , both frequent in the south western Cape 
Prov. ; E. pallida, the Transvaal — . Moraea polystachya, 
the Blauw — of the Karoo, etc. The real tulip (Tulipa 
Gesneriana) from Asia Minor, belongs to Liliaceae. 

Tumble weed. Several S.A. plants become detached from the 
root and roll along before the wind, thus spreading their 
seeds. The best known are: Leucas martinicensis and 
Acrotome inflata. The Russian — is the same plant as 
the Russian thistle, q.v. 

Tumboa = Welwitschia. 

Turkey berry. Plectronia ventosa. 

Turk's cap. Gloriosa superha. In England this name belongs 
to Lilium Martagon. 

Turk'naald (Muskuskruid). Erodium moschatum* Fodder- 
plant. 



84 TURKS'- — UNDERWOOD 

Turks'vijg (fig) v. Prickly pear. 

Turpentine tree = Mopane. 

TVaa (Toa) v. Grasses. 

Twin sisters. Streptocarpus Rexii. Flowers mostly two on 
a stalk. (Forests). 

Uil 'kost. Various species of Stapelia. 

Uiltje. M oraea Pavonia (Fesicock üower) . A charming spring 
flower (Wellington, Tulbagh, etc.). The Klein — : 
M. tripetala. At Van Rynsdorp applied to Ferraria spec. ? 

Uintje. Many species of plants, mostly Iridaceae, possess 
edible corms which, when boiled, taste like chestnuts. The 
most frequently used kind is Moraea edulis (flowers yel- 
low or blue) ; others are: Bok — , M, setacea; Riet — , 
M. tricuspis ; Paarde — , M. tripetala ; Teer — , M. viscaria 
and M. hituminosa ; Patrijs — , Gladiolus edulis; 
Babiaans — , Bahiana plicata and B. stricta; Klip — , 
B. nana; Raap — or Raaptol, Cyanella capensis; Zwart 
— or Zwartbast — or Vogelstruis — , Hexaglottis 
longifolia; Slijm — , Alhuca minor and A. major. Cyperus 
usitatus and C. esculentus are the — of the grasveld, also 
called Hoender — , forming a favourite food of the guinea 
fowls. The Water — , Aponogeton distacliyus, has a 
starchy root-stock, which is gathered from the soil of 
dried-up vleis, etc. (S.W.) 

Uintje kweek v. Kweek. 

Umbrella thorn. Acacia spirocarpa. (No). 

Umgezisa. Cussonia umhelUfera. The wood used for the 
manufacture of matches. Na, Tr. 

Umjela = Quinine tree. 

Umkwenkwe = Kasuur. 

Umkobes = Bogwood. 

Umzimbeet. Millettia cajfra. (E). Very hard timber. Used 
by the Kaffirs for knobkerries and walking sticks. 

Umtambotie = Tambootie. 

Urera plant. Urera tenax. Said to yield a fibre equal to New 
Zealand flax. 

Underwood = Onderbos. 



VAALBOOM — VEDERTJE 85 

Vaarboom. (No). Terminalia sericea. Foliage shining like the 
leaves of the silver tree, 

„ 'bos (Veld — ). Tarchonanthus camphor atus. Found 
throughout the country, predominating in some of the 
drier parts, e.g., Kaap plateau. An allied plant, also 
shrubby or arborescent, is Brachylaena discolor (Bitter- 
blaar), sometimes called the Bos — , as it occurs in 
woods. 

„ 'brak v. Salt-bush. 

„ 'kameel (Vaaldoorn). Acacia haematowylon. A small 
tree of the North, with drooping branches aud grey 
foliage. 

„ 'karoo ( bos). Phymaspermum parvifoUum (North 

West). Almost as nutritious as the Pentzia, but more 
resistant against drought. 

„ tee V. Tee. 

Vaderlands wilg v. Wilg. 

Valerian, Cape — . Valeriana capensis. Similar in properties 
to the medicinal valerian. 

Van der Merve's kruiden. Osmites hirsuta. Med. 

Van Wyk*s hout. Bolusanthus speciosus. A tree of the 
northern Transvaal, Rhodesia, etc. Flowering in early 
spring and then a glorious sight, hence sometimes called 
WildWistaria. 

Vark'blom (Varkensblaren) = White arum. 
„ 'slaai. Mesemhrianthemum pugioniforme. Frequent in 
the sandy coast districts. Flowers very similar to those 
of the Vet'kousie, but leaves and capsules quite 
different. 

Varkens'bossie. Chenopodium album* 
„ 'gras. Polygonum aviculare. A cosmopolitan weed 

of roads and gardens. 
„ 'kost = Postelein. 
„ 'neus. Androcymhium BurchelUi. Corms unearthed by 

pigs. (Vark'neusie). 
„ 'oren. Cotyledon orhiculata. Hydrocotyle asiatica. 
„ 'staart. Cyrtanthus spiralis. 
„ 'wortel = (vark'slaai). 

Varens (often pron. : varo) = Ferns. 

Ve'ertje (Vedertje). Struthiola stricta, etc. 



86 VELBARROE - VLEI- 

Vel'barroe = Barroe, Veld — . 

Veldschoen' blaren. Haemanthus coccineus. The two large, 
rounded leaves flat and pressed to the ground (winter). 

Veldtee v. Tee. 

Venkel (often pron. : vinkel) = Fennel. 
„ 'wortel. (Vinkel — ). Garum capense. The finely divided 
leaves, although much smaller, resemble those of the 
fennel. Roots fleshy, sweet, with a slight aroma of fennel ; 
a pleasant vegetable (Cape district). 

Verbena, Wild — . Verbena officinalis, widely distributed. In 

Natal, etc., Pentanisia variabilis. 
Vervain == Verbena. 

Veter 'bossie. Crassula lycopodioides (Calvinia). Used med. 
against dysentery. 

Vet'kousie. Mesembrianthemiim pomeridianum. A succulent 
herb of the sandy coast districts, the young plants 
employed like spinach. 

Vijg or Vijge' bossie. All species of Mesembrianthemum are 
thus designated on account of the name Hottentot's 
V ij g for M. edule. Two species bear pulpy fruits, all the 
others capsules. M. edule is the Hottentot's — or 
Paarde — , and M. acinaciforme the Zuur — , Strand — 
or Elands — . See also G o u n a and G a u k u m. 

Vingerpol. Unarmed species of Euphorbia of the section 
Meduseae, e.g., E. Caput Medusae (Lionshead near C.T.) 
and E. esculenta, the latter a valuable and drought resist- 
ing nutritious stockfood (Jansenville). 

Vink'eiers. Albuca major. Name from the shape of the 
flowers. 

Vinkel v. Venkel. 

Violet, Wild — . Viola decumbens and V. scrotiformis , the 
only two wild species in S.A. (S.W.). The so-called 
" Violet of the Karoo " is Aptosimum indivisum, etc. 

Violet pea. Baphia racemosa. (E., Na.). 

Viooltje. Used for several different plants. The Wit — is 
the common Ornithogalum thyrsoides; the Rooi — 
Lachenalia rubida; Geel — v. Nagels; the Groen — is 
L. orchioides. 
Vlei'aandblom v. Aandblom. 
„ 'blommetje. Dipidax ciliata. (S.W.). Also others. 
„ 'tee v. Tee. 



VLIEGE- — WACHT- 87 

Vliege'bos. Roridula dentata. A very remarkable and isolated 
type of plant life. Mountains above the Tulbagh water- 
fall, the Schurftebergen and the Cedar mountains. Twigs 
suspended in farmhouses for catching flies. See Ply- 
bush. 
„ „ (Vliebos) of the Bokkeveld is My r sine africana (Wild 

myrtle). The exhalation is avoided by flies. 
„ 'vangertje = Sundew. 
Vliegers (little kites). Tritonia scillaris, etc. 
Vlier. Nuxia florihunda. Ornamental like the elder. 
„ , Wilde — . Chilianthus oleaceus. The large trusses of 

flowers resemble those of the elder. 
Voet'angel. Euphorbia ferox. One of the cushion-shaped and 
formidably armed species ( Jansen ville, etc.) 

Vogerent (pron. : Vo Tent) = Mistletoe. 
Vogelstruis'doorn. Trihulus terrestria. 
„ „ 'gras V. Grasses. 

Vomeer'bossie. Geigeria passerinoides. A half -woody, 
depressed perennial of the drier districts. Poisonous 
(cumulative). 

Vrouwe'bossie = Bergtee (?). 

" 'haar == Nooishaar. 
Vuur 'houtjes. The flower buds of Loranthus oleifoUus, etc. 

„ 'pijl = Red-hot poker. 

Waai 'boom = Sambriel. 

Waaiertje. Witsenia Maura. One of the few shrubby Irids. 
(S.W.). Flowers blue with yellow fur. 

Waa'boom (Wagen — ). Protea grandiflora. The largest 
species, the wood formerly used for wagon building and 
the bark for tanning. In the eastern districts applied to 
other species of Protea, and in the Tr. even to Faurea 
(saUgnaf). 

Wacht-een-bietje (wait a bit). Various plants provided with 
recurved spines. Originally only species of Asparagus 
frequent in the South West, e.g., A. capensis, A. africanusy 
A. Thunhergianus, but other plants are now referred to by 
the same name in other parts of S.A. e.g., Zizyphus 
mucronata (Blinkblaar). Klein — , Z. Zeyheriana, a very 
dwarf shrublet (Tr.) Kaffir — , Acacia caffra (E.) 



88 WANDERING- — WATER- 

Wandering Jew. Generally applied to a well-known and very 

hardy plant, Tradescantia virginica* (purple or white), 

but occasionally also used for the Indigenous Gyanotis 

nodiflora (flowers blue). Spreads by stolons (rooting 

shoots) like the violet. 
War 'kruid. The Dutch name for dodder, but rarely used here. 
Wart cress v. Cress. 
Was 'bes = Wax berry. 
Water berry, Water 'bes. Fruit of Water tree (Na) : 

Syzygium cor datum. 
„ 'blom = Water uintje. 
„ 'boom = — hout. 

„ 'bos (Bokkeveld). -E^rica cwm^ora (perhaps also others?) 
„ cress. Nasturtium officinale* Introduced, but now 

widely spread. 
„ finder = Aarbossie. 
„ 'glas. BulMne mesemhrianthemoides. A little plant with 

a fleshy root and egg-shaped juicy leaves embedded in the 

soil (Window-leaves. Vol. IV. pi. 27). (Robertson). The 

entire plant eaten as if it were a juicy fruit. 
„ 'harpuis v. Harpuis. 
„ 'hout. Syzygium cordatum, generally found along streams 

(E. and No.) Also Acmena Oerrardi (Forest — ). In other 

districts the Cape holly (Ilex mitis) is thus designated 

for the same reason. 

'kers = — cress. 

'koorn. Hydrostachys triaxialis. Kubango river. 

lettuce (Na). Pistia stratiotes. 

lily. Nymphaea stellata. The "Blue Lotos" of the 

ancients. 

matome. Adina Galpinii, also called T r. teak. 

melon, Wild — v. Tsamma. The kaflSr water melon is 

another variety of the same species. 

'navel = Pennywort. 

nut. Trapa hispinosa. Nearly allied to the European 

T. natans. The fruit germinates in the mud of stagnant 

pools, etc., but the plant floats on the water. The kernel 

eaten by the natives. (Na). 

parsnip. Slum Thunhergii. Med. 

tree = Waterhout. 

uintje V. Uintje. 

wood == — hout. 



WATER- — WILLOW 89 

Waterval' blom. Gladiolus cardinalis. One of the most 
gorgeous flowers of the south western mountains, inhabit- 
ing the sides of waterfalls and flowering early in 
January. 

W^attle, (Rhodesian — or African Black — ). Peltophorum 
africanuni. The Box — is Notohuxus natalensis. For 
cultivated wattles v. Part III. 

Wax berry. Myrica cordifoUa. A shrub frequent among the 
sand dunes of the southern coast districts. The foliage 
resembles the ordinary myrtle, but the fruit is a hard 
drupe, covered with a layer of whitish wax; this is 
obtained by treating the berries with boiling water; 
exported as ^^ berry wax" (Cape Flats). 

Wax creeper, Red — . Microloma tenuifolium, etc. The 
White — , cultivated as a pot plant, is Hoy a carnosa.* 

Wedding bells = Grassy bells. 

Weduwnaar (Weeuwenaar). Bidens pilosa (Black jack). The 
fruitlets bear two barbed points. 

Weegblaar (Weegbree). The broad-leaved kind is Plantage 
major* (plantain), the narrow-leaved one: P. lanceolata* 
(rib wort). The seeds of both are used like sago, as they 
are rich in starch and slime. 

Wees'kinners. Tritonia undulata and T. scillaris (Tulbagh). 
Also Nemesia affinis, etc. 

Welwitschia. (W. Bainesii.) The most highly developed 
gymnospermous plant. In the desert Namib east of Wal- 
fishbay and south east of Mossamedes. 

Wevertje. Moraea, several species. 

White thorn (Witdoorn). Acacia Karroo, but also A. Catechu. 

„ wood = Without. 
Wijn'bessie = Zuur'bessie. 
Wilge'boom v. Willow. 
Wilg, Vaderlands' — . Not a willow, but Gomhrctum 

Kraussii and C. salicifoUum (No). 
Willow, Cape — . Salix capensis; Wilms — , S. Wilmsii (Na). 

Also several introd. species, e.g. /Sf. ha^ylonica (Weeping). 

The so-called " Biishveld — " or Bush — is Gomhretum 

salicifoUum^ v. Rodeblad. 
„ , Golden =Port Jackson and Rooikrans. 



m WILLOWHERB — WORLDWISE 

Willow herb. EpiloMum hirsutum* Frequent in wet places. 
Windmaker'bos (Gr. Rt.). Passerina filiformis. Name 

perhaps from the great blaze produced by the bush when 

lighted in the veld or in ovens. 

Wingerd, Wilde — . CUffortia odorata. A trailing shrub of 
moist localities on flats and mountains. A tea. 

Wistaria, Wild — or Rhodesian — = Van Wyk's hout (a 
tree). 

Wit 'appeltje. Pachy stigma pygmaeum. Tr. Somewhat re- 
sembling the P. Zeyheri (goorappel). 
'bos or — bos 'hout. Maerua caffra. 
'bossie. Pteronia pallens. Poisonous. Karoo. 
'els = Alder, White. 

'haak = Haak-en-steek. 

'hout. Another name for Ilex mitis. 

'olijf. Halleria lucida. 

'peer. Apodytes dimldiata (not Pterocelastrus!) 

'riet = White variety of Blauwriet. 

'statn. Gapparis alhitrunca. Roots used as a substitute 

for coffee. 

Witchweed. Striga lutea. Flower mostly scarlet like the 
, larger S. elegans. A parasitic herb of mealie-fields, also 
called Rooiblom or Isona or Matabele flower. 
The only, although slow way of eradicating the pest from 
lands infested with it has been found to be the persistent 
destruction of the plants before they form their seeds. 

Witgat'boom == Witstam. 

Witteboom = Silver tree. 

Wolfs'melk. Euphorbia Helioscopia* E. peplus.* Frequent 
garden weeds. 

Wolf's thorn. Scolopia Zeyheri, also called Doorn'peer. 
Wolve'boontje. (Wolvegift) v. Giftboom (Western). 
„ 'kost. Hyohanche sanguinea. Name an allusion to the 
red colour. 

Wonder' boom. In the Karoo and adjoining central districts: 
Ficus cor dat a. The — of Pretoria is a group of trees of 
F. salicifolia. In the Tr. also Boscia Rehmanniana. 

Wool-spider = Grapple plant. 

Worldwise. Samolus Valerandi. A herb of swampy 
localities. 



WORMBOS — ZIJDE n 

Worm 'bos. Dicoma anomala. 
„ 'kruid. Tanacetum multiflorum. Supposed to be a 

vermifuge. 
„ wood (S.A.). Artemisia afra (Als) employed like the 
European species (A. Absinthium). 

Yellowwood. Three species, similar in timber but different 
in size and foliage. The Common — , also called 
Outeniqua — or Smooth-barked — , Podocarpus 
elongatus, is a tree up to 150 feet in height and a girth 
of 30 feet. The True -— , also called Rough-barked — or 
Broad-leaved — (Oprecht geelhout) is P. latifoliiis, 
which occurs in all mountain kloofs from Cape Town to 
Natal. The Falcate — , P. falcatus, also a large tree, 
forms nearly pure forests in East Griqualand and Natal, 
extending to the Tr. 

Zampioen = Champignon. 

Zand 'haver v. Grasses. 
„ 'kool. Othonna atiriculaefolia. Foliage poisonous to small 
stock. (Griq. W.). 
kweek v. Kweek. 

lelie ( — 'pijpie). Gladiolus recurvua. (Cedar mts.). 
olien, local pron. for — 'olijf. 

olijf. Dodonaea Thunbergiana (IJzerhout toppies). 
pijpie V. Pijpie. 

Zandveld' lelie. Gladiolus hirsutus. Lamberts Bay, etc. 

Zee'gras v. Sea grass. 
„ 'kraal. Salicornia natalensis. A leafless sea-shore plant. 

Zeeroog'blom = Sore-eye flower. 

Zegge = Sedge. 

Zeven 'jaartje = Everlasting. 

Zieke'troost. Arctopus ecMnatus. A stemless dioecious 
umbellifer. The root contains an aromatic balsam. Med. 

Zijde'bast (Zij'bas). Gymnosporia acuminata. 
„ 'blom (Zijblom, Zijsie) Geissorhiza hirta. The Wit — 
is G. graminifolia. 



92 ZINKING — ZWAMMEN 

Zinking 'bossie. Pelargonium ramosissimum. Used as a tea 
for various complaints (Nieuwveld mts.). In other parts: 
Ghenopodium arribrosioides. 

Zoet 'doorn. Acacia Karroo. (Karoo thorn). The foliage eaten 
by stock. A variety with astringent leaves is called 
Zuur 'doorn (Gr. Et.). 
,, 'hout' bossie. Rafnia amplexicaulis. The root employed 
like the real zoethout (liquorice root from Glycyrrhiza 
glahra*), a plant introduced into Cape gardens from Asia 
Minor. 
„ 'pop. Eyo'banche sanguinea. (Clanwilliam). 

Zoutbos == Salt-bush. 
„ 'gonna. Struthiola erecta (Knysna). 
„ 'ganna = Brakganna. 
„ 'slaai == Brakslaai. 

Zuig 'distel (zeug) == Sijdissel. 

Zuring. A number of plants with acidulous sap, most of them 
either species of Rumex (dock) or of Oxalis (sorrel). 
Bok — , Steenbok — is R. Acetosella, a pest of grain- 
lands, as it suppresses the grass, e.g., the fine couch grass, 
which otherwise comes up after the harvest. The Makke 
— is R, conglomeratus, also R. cordatus (tongblaar), both 
used like spinach for bredies ; the Rooi — is R. sagittatus. 
The Gele — is 0. cernua, also called Wilde — or Pijp — . 
or Klaver — . The Kaffer — is Pelargonium peltatum. 
„ , Schaap — . Hyperstelis verrucosa. An annual herb of 
the Karoo. 

Zuur'bessie (Wijn'bessie). Dovyalis rhamnoides, a shrub of 

the southern coast districts. Fruit made into jam. 

D. rotundifolia is sometimes employed in a similar way. 

The shrubs are often visited by a little iridescent beetle 

(Chrysomela) . Knysna, etc. 
„ 'doorn v. Zoetdoorn. 
„ kanol (knol). Watsonia rosea, W. iridifoUa, etc. Also 

Antholyza praealta, Aristea capitata, etc. 
„ 'karree = Karee'bos. 
„ 'pol V. Grasses. 
„ 'pruim V. Pruim. 
» 'vijg = Sour fig. 

Zwammen. Various edible mushrooms, e.g., Psalliota 
campestris. 



ZWART 93 

Zwart 'bast. Royena lucida. A good-sized forest tree from 
Capetown to Natal. The same name occasionally applied 
to Myrsine melanophleos. 

„ 'haak = Haakiesdoorn. (No.). 

„ 'hout. Gymnosporia peduncularis. Timber hard and 
heavy, the hartwood of mature trees nearly black. 

„ 'koppie = Kaffertje. 

„ 'storm. Cadaha juncea. A leafless fodder-shrub of the 

Karoo. 

„ 'turk. BulMnella rohusta {Bokkeveld) . 



94 



List of Common Names not yet identified. 

(Spteimena for identification would be welcome.) 



Aasvogel'bos. 

Acht-dag-gras. 

Wild apricot (Clanwilllam). 

Been 'kruid. 

Berg' appel. 

Billemina. 

Bitter Kabietje (Karoo). 

Blauw 'bessie. 

Boesman^s druiven. 

,, pijl. 

Bok 'riempje. 
Borst 'kwaad. 
Bottle tree (Tr.). 
Broek-en-baadje. 
Dopkraal. 
Droge 'lever. 
Gift 'doorn. 
Gift 'houtjes. 
Glazewaaier. 

Graaff Reinetter (edible). 
Hartebeeste'bos. 
Hypocrite (Natal). 
IJzervark ' wortel. 
Jakhals 'niert je. 
Jobskralen. 
Justifina. 

Kalabas dubbeltje. 
Kalkoen tje (edible). 
Kalkoen 'kost. 
Karoo tee'bos. 
Kerel 'kost. 
Kelkje wijn. 
Kina bossie. 

Klip'buehu (Port Nolloth). 
Knol'rapuis. 
Knoppies'gras. 
Koe 'riempje. 
Koker'bos. 

Kombers 'bos ( Graaff-Reinet ) . 
Koors'bos. 
Koorst' houtjes. 
Kop 'zeer. 
Korbee'bos. 



Koriander ' wortel. 

Kraai 'hout. 

Krulletje (Prince Albert). 

Lammetjes 'kruid. 

Laloentje. 

Leer 'bos. 

Maagplant (Victoria West) 

Malmeid 'bossie. 

Meeuw 'gras. 

Melk 'bessie. 

Melk ' blommet je. 

Moer 'houtjes. 

Muishond 'bossie. 

Namaqualand roos. 

Oogzeer 'bos. 

Oss'hart. 

Raas-heath. 

Regen 'bogies. 

Rooi 'opslag. 

Sand 'melk. 

Slang' bessie. 

Springbok 'bos. 

Sterk 'slaai. 

Streek 'rietjes. 

üintje, Kraai — . 

„ , Otta — . 

„ , Pluis — . 

„ , Tiger — . 

„ , Wit -. 
Vaal'oogie. 
Veld 'raap. 
Vingerhoed'pol. 
Vis 'hout. 
Vlei 'kost. 
Vlier 'wortel. 
Vogelstruis ' doom. 

'oog. 
Wol' doom. 
Wolve'tee. 
Zuring, Bosjesman s' — . 

„ , Haas — . 

„ , Varken — . 
Zwavel 'bos. 



PART II. 



SYSTEMATIC LISTS. 



A.— The Classes and Families of the Flora 
of South Africa. 

Arranged according to the system adopted in the author's work 

"THE FLORA OF SOUTH AFRICA.'^ 

Fatnilit* not represented in the Dictionary 
by indigenous plants are printed in italics. 

B.— Botanical and Common Names 



96 



The Classes and Families 



[Sect. I: Treated in Vol. I of ''The Flora of iSf.A."l 





THALLOPHYTA. 


Algae 
Characeae 


Fungi 




BRYOPHYTA. 


Hepaticae 


Musci 




PTERIDOPHYTA. 


Filices 
Equisetaceae 


Lycopodiaceae 
Isoetaceae 




GYMNOSPERMAE. 


1. Cycadaceae 

2. Taxaceae 


3. Pinaceae 

4. Gnetaceae 



DICOTYLEDONES. 



Subclass I. Ohoripetalab. 



1. Piperaceae 

2. Salicaceae 

3. Myricaceae 

4. ülmaceae 

5. Moraceae 

6. Urticaceae 

7. Proteaceae 

8. Santalaceae 

9. Grubbiaceae 

10. Olacaceae 

11. Loranthaceae 



12. Balanophoraceae 

13. Aristolochiaceae 

14. Rafflesiaceae 

15. Hydnoraceae 

16. Polygonaceae 

17. Chenopodiaceae 

18. Amarantaceae 

19. Nyctaginaceae 

20. Phytolaccaceae 

21. Aizoaceae 

22. Portulacaceae 



DICOTYLEDONES 



97 



23. Caryophyllaceae 

24. Nymphaeaceae 

25. Ceratophyllaceae 

26. Ranunculaceae 

27. Menispermaceae 

28. Anonaceae 

29. Lauraceae 



30. Monimiaceae 

31. Papaveraceae 

32. Capparidaceae 

33. Cruciferae 

34. Resedaceae 

35. Moringaceae 



Sect. II. 
[Treated in Vol. II of " The Flora of 8. A."] 



36. Podostemonaceae 

37. Hydrostachyaceae 

38. Crassulaceae 

39. Saxifragaceae 

40. Roridulaceae 

41. Pittosporaceae 

42. Cunoniaceae 

43. Myrothamnaceae 

44. Bruniaceae 

45. Hamamelidaceae 

46. Rosaceae 

47. Gonnaraceae 

48. Leguminosae 

49. Geraniaceae 

50. Oxalidaceae 

51. Linaceae 

52. Erythroxylaceae 

53. Zygophyllaceae 

54. Simaruhaceae 

55. Rutaceae 

56. Burseraceae 

57. Meliaceae 

58. Malpighiaceae 

59. Polygalaceae 

60. Dichapetalaceae 

61. Euphorbiaceae 

62. Gallitrichaceae 

63. Buxaceae 

64. Anacardiaceae 

65. Balsaminaceae 

66. Aquifoliaceae 

67. Celastraceae 

68. Hippocrateaceae 

69. Icacinaceae 

70. Sapindaceae 

71. Melianthaceae 



72. Rhamnaceae 

73. Vitaceae 

74. Tiliaceae 

75. Malvaceae 

76. Bombacaceae 

77. Sterculiaceae 

78. Ochnaceae 

79. Gut ti ferae 

80. Elatinaceae 

81. Frankeniaceae 

82. Tamaricaceae 

83. Violaceae 

84. Droseraceae 

85. Flacourtiaceae 

86. Turneraceae 

87. Passifloraceae 

88. Achariaceae 

89. Loasaceae 

90. Begoniaceae 

91. Cactaceae 

92. Geissolomaceae 

93. Penaeaceae 

94. Thymelaeaceae 

95. Oliniaceae 

96. Lythraceae 

97. Lecithydaceae 

98. Rhizophoraceae 

99. Combretaceae 

100. Myrtaceae 

101. Melastomaceae 

102. Oenotheraceae 
[sub-family: Hydrocaryaceae] . 

103. Halorrhaginaceae 

104. Araliaceae 

105. Cornaceae 

106. Umbelliferae 



DICOTYLEDONES 



Subclass II. Sympetalae. 
[Vol. Ill of " The Flora of 8.An 



107. Ericaceae 

108. Myrsinaceae 

109. Primulaceae 

110. Plumbaginaceae 

111. Sapotaceae 

112. Ebenaceae 

113. Oleaceae 

114. Salvadoraceae 

115. Loganiaceae 

116. Gentianaceae 

117. Apocynaceae 

118. Asclepiadaceae 

119. Convolvulaceae 

120. Hydrophyllaceae 

121. Borraginaceae 

122. Solan aceae 

123. Scrophulariaceae 



124. Selaginaceae 

125. Verbenaceae 

126. Myoporaceae 

127. Bignoniaceae 

128. Pedaliaceae 

129. Gesneraceae 

130. Orobanchaceae 

131. Lentibulariaceae 

132. Acanthaceae 

134. Plantaginaceae 

135. Rubiaceae 

136. Valerianaceae 

137. Dipsaceae 

138. Cucurbitaceae 

139. Campanulaceae 

140. Goodeniaceae 

141. Compositae 



MONOCOTYLEDONES. 



[Vol. IV of " The Flora of 8.A."] 



1. Typh aceae 

2. Najadaceae 

3. Potamogetonaceae 

4. Aponogetonaceae 

5. Scheuchzeriaceae 

6. Hydrocharitaceae 

7. Gramina 

8. Cyperaceae 

9. Palmae 

10. Araceae 

11. Lemnaceae 

12. Flagellariaceae 

13. Restiaceae 

14. Xyridaceae 



15. Eriocaulaceae 

16. Commelinaceae 

17. Pontederiaceae 

18. Juncaceae 

19. Liliaceae 

20. Haemodoraceae 

21. Amaryllidaceae 

22. Velloziaceae 

23. Dioscoraceae 

24. Iridaceae 

25. Musaceae 

26. Zingiberaceae 

27. Burmanniaceae 

28. Orchidaceae 



99 



Systematic List 



THALLOPHYTA. 

Algae. 

Ecklo'nia huccinalia (L.) Hornem. Trompet, zeebamboes. 

Sea-bamboo. 
Spirogy'ra spec. Padde'kombaars, — slijm. 
Ulva spec. Sea-lettuce. 

Characeae. 

Chara stachymorpha Ganterer^ etc. Stonewort. 

Fungi. 

Aga'ricus deliciosus L. Lactarius mushroom. 

Amanita muscaria (L.) Pers. Fly-agaric. 
A. pantherina (DC.) Quelet Panther- agaric. 
A. phalloides (Fries) Quel. Duivels 'brood, — 'kost, padde- 
stoel, slangkost ; Death cup, toadstool. 
Bole'tus edulis Bulliard Eetbare zwam; Stone-mushroom. 
Qeas'ter hygrometricus Fries, etc. Earth-star. 
Lycoper'don pratense Pers. etc. Ouwel tje. Monkey-snuff, 

puff-ball. 
Morchel'la conica Pers. Morel. Honeycomb mushroom. 

Phellori'na Delestrei (Dur. & Mont.) E. Fischer. Ajoosie. 
Psallio'ta campestris (L.) Fries Champignon, kampernoeli, 

zampioen, zwam. Field mushroom. 
Terfe'zia Clavereyi Chat. Truffle (Gordonia, G. Nam.). 

Us'nea harhata Fries Old-men 's-beard. 

Lichens (generally) Klipblom. 

BRYOPHYTA. 

Hepaticae (generally) . Liverworts. 
Musci (generally). Mosses. 



100 

PTERIDOPHYTA. 

F i 1 i c e s. Varens. Ferns. 

Adian'tum aetJiiopicttm L. Maidenhair, large. 

A. capillus-veneris L. Maidenhair, common. 

A. Poiretii Wilkst. Maidenhair, fine 

(A. thalictroides) . 
Asple'nium Mpinnatum (Forsk.) C. Chr. Carrot fern. 
A. gemmiferum Schrad.y A. monanthes L. Mother — . 
Cheilan'thes hirta Sw. Parsley — . 

Cya' thea Dregei KvNZE Tree — (Eastern). 

Doryop'teris concolor (L. & F.) Kuhn Oak-leaf — . 

(Pellaea geraniifolia) . 
Dryop'teris athamantica (Kunze) O. Kuntze Inkomokomo. 
Gleiche'nia polypodioides (L.) Sm. Creeping — . 
G. umbraculifera (Kunze) Moore Umbrella — . 

Oymnogram' ma argentea (Willd.) Mett. Silver — . 

G. aurea Desv. Gold — . 

Hemite'lia capensis (L.f.) Klp. Tree — (Forest — ). 
EymenophyVlum tunhridgense (L.) Sm. etc. Filmy — 

Lygo'dium Kerst enii Kuhn Climbing — . 
Mo'hria caffrorum Desv. Scented — ; Brandbossie. 

Nephro'lepis exaltata (L.) Schott Sword — . 
Notholae'na E (Montana Kze. etc. Resurrection — . 

(Nothochlae'na) 
Osmunda regalis L. Royal — (Flowering — ). 

Platyce'rium hifurcatum (Cav.) C. Christ. Staghorn — . 

Polypo'dium phymatodes L. Oak-leaf — (East.) 
Polys' tichum adiantiforme (Forst.) J. Sm. Hare's foot — , 

(Aspidium capense) seven-week's — . thirty-day's — . 

Pteri dium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn Adelaars 'varen. Bracken. 
Pteris cretica L. Five-finger — . 

Tricho^ manes pyxidiieriim L. etc. Filmy — (5 S.A. spec.) 
Vitta'ria isoetifolia Bory Bootlace — . 

(V. lineata) 

11. Equisetaceae. 

Equise'tum ramosissimum Desp. Paardestaart, Horse-tail, 

mare's-tail. 
12. Lycopodiaceae. 

Lycopo' ditt/m gnidioides L, etc. Club-moss. 

13. I s o e t a c e a e. 

Tsoe'tes natalensis Baker Quillwort. 



101 



GYMNOSPEKMAE. 

1. Cycadaceae. 

Encephalar' tos AJtensteinii Lehm. Broodboom. 

E. cajfer (Thunb.) Mig. KaflSr bread-tree. 

E. Lehmanni Lehm. 

2. Taxaceae. 

Podocar'pus elongatus L'Herit. Geelhout (Outeniqua'). 

Common yellow- wood, smoothed-barked — . 

P. falcatus R. Br. Falcate yellowwood. 

P. latifolius (Thunb.) R. Br. Geelhout (oprechte). True 

yellowwood, broad-leaved — , rough-barked — . 

3. P i n a c e a e. 

Widdringto'nia cupressoides (L.) Endl. Baviaans'kers, 

berg'cypres, berg'sapree, dupres'knop. 

W. funiperoides (L.) Endl. Cederboom, Cape Cedar, 

Clanwilliam — . 
W. Schwarzii (Marl.) Mast. Sapree'hout. 

4. Gnetaceae. 

Welwitschia Bainesii (Hook. f.) Carr. Tumboa, Welwitschia. 



DICOTYLEDONES. 

1. Piperaceae. 

Piper capense L. Bospeper, wilde — . 

2. S a 1 i c a c e a e. 

Po'pulus canescens* ^M. Populierboom. Poplar. 

Salix capensis Thunb. Wilgeboom. Cape willow. 

/S. Wilmsii Sebmen Wilm's willow. 

3. Myricaceae. 

Myri'ca aethiopica L. Was 'bes. Waxberry. 

M. cordifolia L. Glashout, washes. Waxberry. 

M. qitercifoUa L. Maagpijn'bossie. 



102 DICOTYLEDONES 

4. U 1 m a c e a e. 

Celtis Krattssiana Bernh. Camdeboo stinkhout ; — stinkwood, 

white — . 
Trema Iracteolata Blumb Pigeonwood. 

5. Moraceae. 

F%cy,8 capensis Thunb. Bosvijge, kooman, vijgeboom (wilde). 

Fire-sticks, wild fig. 
F. cordata Thunb. Melk 'boom, wonder' — . 

F. lutea Vahl Rooi touw. 

F. natalenais Hochst. Naatouw. Tree-killer. 

F. salici folia Vahl Wonderboom (Pretoria). 

6. Urticaceae. 

Ure' ra tenax N. E. Br. Urera plant. 

Ur'tica dioica* L. Brandnetel, branneukel. 

U. urens* L Nettle 

7. Proteaceac. 

Braheium stellatifolium L. Wilde amandel . Hottentot'i 

almond, wild — . 
Fau'rea Galpinii Phillips Beukehout (Zoutpansberg). 
F. MacNaughtonii Phillips Terblanz (Knysna, etc), Beuke- 

{F. arhorea Sim) hout. 

F. saligna Harv. (Tr. etc.) Beukehout. 
F. speciosa Welw. Beukehout. 

Leucaden' dron adscendens R. Br. etc. Paarde 'bos, Geel — . 
L. argenteum (L.) R. Br. Witteboom. Silver- tree. 

L. concinnum R. Br. Kinabossie, langbeen. 

L. plumosum R. Br. Tolbos. 

L. salignum (L.) R. Br. Geel 'bos, knoppies' — . 

L. strictum R. Br. Knoppiesbos. 

L. uliginosum R. Br. 
Leucosper' mum huxifoUum R. Br. Patrijsbos. 
L. conocarpum R. Br. Kreupelhout. 

L. nutans R. Br. Baviaansklauw, luisjes. 

Mime'tes lyrigera Knight Stompie, rooi'stompie. 
Para'nomus crithmifolius (R. Br.) Salisb. Paardebos. 

(Nivenia crithmifoUa) 
Pro' tea ahyssinica Willd. Suikerbos, Sugar- protea (Tr.) 
P. cryophila Bolus Sneeuwblom. 

P. cynaroides L. Giant protea, mountain rose. 

P. glabra Thunb. Kayang'bos. 

P. grandiflora Jj. Waaboom (wagen — ). 



DICOTYLEDONES 103 

Proteaceae, con. 

Protea hirta Klotzsch Suikerbos. White sugar-bush. 

P. melUfera L. Suikerbos. Sugar-bush. 

P. pulchella Andr. etc. 
P. neriifolia R. Br. Blauw suikerbos. 

P. rosacea L. Bergroos, schaamblom, 

Mountain-rose. 
P. Rouppelliae Meisn. Suikerbos. Sugar-bush 

(Pretoria). 
Serru'ria Burmanni R. Br. etc. Spinnekop'bos. 
S, Horida Knight Trots van Franschhoek. 

Blushing bride. 

8. Santalaceae. 



Osy'ris ahyssinica Hochst. Bergbast, bessie — , pruim — ; 
{Colpoon compressum) blauw'pruim, jakhals' — , namtarri. 

Bark-bush, Cape sumach. 
Rhoiacar'pos capensis A.DC. Wilde granaat. 
Thes'ium spicatum L. Lidjes'tee (Cedar mts.). 

T. spec f Teringbos. 

9. G r u b b i a c e a e. 

Oruh'hia rosmarinifolia Berg. Schildpad 'bos. 
10. O 1 a c a c e a e. 

Xime'nia americana L. Zuur'pruim. Sour plum, wild — . 
X. caffra Sond. 

11. Loranthaceae. 

Loran'thus Dregi Eckl. & Zeyh. Dumba. 

L, natalitius Meisn. Lighted-candles (Na). 

L. oleifoUus Cham & Schl. etc. Vuurhoutjes. 

Viscum capense L. f. Lidjes'tee, mistel, vogelent. 

Mistletoe. 
V. rotundifolium Thunb. etc. Mistel, vogelent. Mistletoe. 

14. Rafflesiaceae. 

Cy'tinus dioicus (Thunb.) Juss. Aardroos. 

15. Hydnoraceae. 

Hydno'ra africana Thunb. Baviaanskost, jakhals — ; kannip, 

T'naa. 



104 



DIOOTYLEDONES 



16. Polygonaceae. 



Emex australis Steinh. 
Polygonum aviculare L. 



P. convolvulus L. 

P. serrulatum Lag. etc. 

Rumex acetosella* L. 



Dubbeltje' doorn (duiveltjes). 

Devil's thorn. 
Duizend knoop, varkensgras. 
Koperdraad. Knotweed. 
Black bindweed. 
Knotweed. 

Bok zuring, Steenbok — . Doek, 
sheep-sorrel. 
R. conglomeratus* Mure._, R. cordatus Derf. Makke zuring, 

tongblaar, Doek. 
R. crispus* L. etc. Tongblaar. Doek. 

R. Ecklonianus Meisn. Doek (smaller). 
R. sagittatus Thunb. Rooi 'zuring. 

17. Chenopodiaceae. 



A' triplex halimoides* Lindl. 

A. nummularia* Lindl. 

A.semibaccata* R. Be. 
A. Halimus L. 

A. patuia* L. 

Chenopo' dium album* L. 

C. amhrosiodes* L. 

C anthelminticum, L. 

C. murale L., C. vulvaria L. 

E'xomis axyrioides Fenzl. 

Salicor'nia natalensis Bunge 

Sal' sola aphylla L. f. 

S. Calluna Dregb 

iSf. Kali* L. 

iSf. Zeyheri Schinz 
Suaeda fruticosa Forsk. 
(Su-ae-da) 



Australian salt-bush. 



Brakbos, Vaalbrak, zoutbos. 
Saltbush. 
Melde 

Varken ' bossie. G oosef oot. 
Zinkingbossie. Stinking 

goosefoot, Mexican tea. 
Galziekte'bos. 
Ganzevoet. Goosefoot. 
Hondebos. 
Zeekraal. 

Brakganna, zoutganna. 
Rooiganna. 
Saltwort, Russian thistle, 

— tumble-weed. 
Blomkool ganna. 
Inkbush. 



18. Amarantaceae. 



Achyran'thes aspera L. 
Alternanthe'ra Achyrantha* R. 

A. sessilis* R. Br. 
Amaran'tus jyaniculatus* L. 
A. spinosu^* L. 



Klits. 
Br. Amarantus-weed. 

Kalkoen 'slurp. 
Mistbredie. Pigweed, 
thorny amaranth. 



DICOTYLEDONES 105 

Amarantaceae, con. 

Amarantus Tliunbergii Moq. Mistbredie. Cape pig- 

weed (Tr.), red devil. 
Gya'thula glohulifera* Moq. Klits. 

Qomphre'na glohosa* L. Globe-amaranth. 

20. Phytolaccaceae. 

Phytolacca americana* L. Karmozijnbos. Kermes bush, 

pokeweed. 
P, dioica* L. Belombra tree. 

21. A i z o a c e a e. 

Adenogram' ma galioides Fenzl. Muggegras. 
Qale'nia africana L. Kraalbos. 

Meaemhrian' themum (in general) Vijgebossies. Fig-marigolds. 
M. acinaciforme L. Gouna, elands'vijg, strand — , 

zuur — . Sour fig. 
M. acutipetalum N. E. Br. Khadi. 
M. anatomicum Haw. Kanna. 

M. calcareum Marl. Sheep's tongue. 

M, crystalUnum L. Brakslaai, zout — , slaaibos. 

Iceplant. 
M. edule L. Gaukum, Hottentot vijg, paarde ~ 

Hottentot^s fig. 
M, Hookeri Berger Paardeklauw, toontje. 

M. junceum Haw. Asbos, lidjesbos, loog. 

M. Mahomi N. E. Br. Khadi. 

M. micranthum Haw. Asbos, loog. 

M, pomeridianum L. Vetkousie. 

M. pugioniforme L. Snot'wortel, varkslaai. 

M. spinosum L. Doom vijg. 

M, stellatum Mill. Kiriemoer. 

M. striatum Haw. Porseleinbos (Van Rhynsdorp). 

M, tortuosum L. Kauwgoed. 

Pharna'ceum linear e L. Droedas kruiden. 
Tetrago'nia frutieosa L. Kinkelbossie. 

22. Portulacaceae. 

Anacam' pseros filamentosa Sims^ r 

A. papyracea E. Mey.^ Haasies'kost, moerplantje. 
A. ustulata E. Mey, 

Cera' via gariepensis Pearson & Stephens Hotuotsriem. 



106 



DICOTYLEDONES 



Portulacaceae, con. 

Portula'ca oleracea* L. Mistbredie, porselein (postelein), 

varkenskost. Purslane. 
Portulaca'ria af ra Jacq. Spekboom. Elephant's food. 

23. Ca r y o p h y I l-acea e. 

Agrostem'ma Githago* L. Koomroos. Corncockle. 

C eras' tium capense Sond. etc. Hoornblom. 



Dianthus scaler Thunb. 
Pollichia campestris Soland. 
Sile'ne gallica* L. 
Sper'gula arvensis* L. 
Stella' ria media* Cyrillo 

Vacca'ria vulgaris* Host. 



Wilde Anjelier. Wild pink. 
Kaffer 'druiven. 
Gunpowder-weed. 
Sporrie. Spurry. 
Muur (mier), sterremunr. 
Chickweed. 
Cow-herb. 



24. Nymphaeaceae. 

Nymphae'a stellata Willd. Blauw plomb. Water-lily. 

25. Ceratophyilaceae. 

Geratophyl'lum demersum L. Hoornblad. Horn wort. 

26. Ranunculaceae. 

Anemo'ne ca ff ra Harv.^ Anemoon. Anemone. 

A. capensis Lam.^ 

A. Fanninii Harv. 
Olema'tis hrachiata Thunb., 

C. Thunhergii Steud. 
Knowlto'nia hirsuta DC, 

K. rigida Salisb. 
K, vesicatoria Sims 
Ranun' cuius muricatus* L. 
R. pinnatus Poir. 
R. puhescens Thunb. 



Klimop. Traveller's joy. 
Katje' drieblaar. 

Brandblaren. 

Pepergras. 

Boterblom. Buttercup. 

Kankerblaren. 



27. Menispermaceae. 

Antizoma capensis Thunb. David jes. 
(Gissampelos) 

28. A n o n a c e a e. 

Ano'na senegalensis Pees. Wild custard apple. 

var. rhodesiaca Engl. & Dibls 
Popo'wia caffra Hook. f. & Thoms. Dwaba. 



DICOTYLEDONES 107 

29. L a u r a c e a e. 

Cassy'tJia ciliolata Nees Nooishaar, vrouwen — . 

Cryptoca'rya vacciniifolia Stapf Camphor-tree. 

(Kew Buil, 1915,298) 
Oco'tea hullata E. Mey. Stinkhout. Black stinkwood, 

Cape laurel. 

30. Monimiaceae. 

Xy'maloa monospora XHaev.) Baill. Bog-a-bog, borie'hout, 

lemoen' — . Lemon wood, wild 

lemon. 

31. Papaveraceae. 

Argemo'ne mexicana* L. Steek bossie. Bathurst burweed, 

mexlcan poppy. 
Cysticap'nos africana Gaertn. Klappert jes. 
Fumaria officinalis* L. Duivekervel (Holl.), wilde — . 

Fumitory. 
Papaver aculeatum Thunb. Wilde papaver. Wild poppy. 

32, Capparidaceae. 

Bos'cia foetida Schinz Stinkbush. 

B, Behmanniana Pestalozzi Won der boom (Tr. Bushveld). 
Cada'ha juncea (L.) Benth. & Hook. f. Zwartstorm. 
O ap' paris alhitrunca Burch. Witgatboom, witstam. 

Shepherd's tree. 
O. citrifolia Lam. Cape capers. 

(7. oleoides Burch. Witstam. 

Mae'rua caffra (Burch.) Pax Wit'boshout, wit'hout. 

33. C r u c i f e r a e. 

Brachycarpae' a varians DC. Bergviool, blauw'riet, wit'riet. 
Bras' sica nigra* (L.) Koch Black mustard. 
B. Sinapistrum* Boiss. Charlock, wild mustard. 

Capsel'la hursa-pastoris* (L.) Moench Herderstasje. 

Shepherd's purse. 
Coronopus didymus* (L.) Smith Wart-cress. 
Helio'phila pilosa Lam. etc. Blauwbekkie. 
Lepi'dium capense Thunb. Sterk'gras, — 'kost. Cape cress, 

pepper — . 
Nastur'tium officinale* R. Br. Bronslaai (bronkost — ), 

waterkers. Water cress. 
Ra'pTianus Raphanistrum* L. Knopherik, ramenas. Charlock 

(jointed). 
Siiym'hrium officinale* (L.) Scopoli Hedge-mustard. 



108 DICOTYLEDONES 

37. Hydrostachyaceae. 

Hydrosta' chys triaxialis Engl. & Gilg Waterkoorn. 

Z%, Crassulaceae. 

Cotyledon caryophyllacea Burm. Nentabossie. 
C. Cooperi Baker Eendje. 

{G. fascicularis) == O. paniculata. 

C. orhiculata L. Honde'oor, kouterie, varkeus- 

ooren. Pig^s ear. 
O. paniculata L. p. Boterboom. 

C. ramosissima Haw. Kouterie. 

C. reticulata Thunb. Ou 'koe. 

C. rhomhifoUa Haw. Eendje. 

C. ventricosa Burm. Nenta. 

C. Wallichii Harv. Bandjebos, kandelaar, nenta — . 

Cras'sula spec, f Malmeid bossies. 

C. columnaris L. p. Koesnaartje. 

O. glomerata L. Brakvijge. 

C. lycopodoides L. Ketting, schildpadkost, 

slang 'bossie, veter' — . 
O. perforata L. Concertina, sosatie. 

C. portulacea Lam. Beestebul, plakkies. 

C. Septas Thunb. Cape snowdrop. 

Ro'chea coccinea (L.) D.C. Keizers 'kroon. Red Crassula. 
R, jasminea D.C. Ruik'sissie. 

Sempervi'vum arhoreum* L. Keizers 'kroon. 

39. Saxifragaceae. 

Monti'nia caryophyllacea Thunb. Bergklapper, peperbos. 

Pepper 'bush. 
40. Roridulaceae. 

Rori'dula dentata L. Vliegebos. Fly-bush. 

R. Gorgonias Planch. 

41. P i t to s p o r a c e a e. 

Pittoapo' rum viridiflorum Sims Kasuur, umkwenkwe. 

42. C u n o n i a c e a e. 

Cuno'nia capensis L. Rooi els. Red aider. 

Platy'lophus trifoliatu^ Don. Wit els. White aider. 



DICOTYLEDONES 



109 



44. B r u n i a c e a e. 

Berze'lia lanuginosa Brongn. Kolkol. 

Bru'nia macrocephala Willd. Vaal stompie. 

B. nodiflora L. Stompie. 

Staa'via radiata (L.) Dahl Altijdbos. 



Tricho cladus crinitus Pers 
T. elUpticus E. & Z. 
T. grandiflorus Oliv. 



45. Hamamelidaceae. 

Onderbos. Underwood. 



46. R o s a c e a e. 



Agrimo'nia Eupatoria L. 

var. capensis Harv. 
Cliff or' tia arhorea Marl. 
C. ferruginea L. 
C. ilicifolia L. 
C. odorata L. f. 
G. polygonifolia L. 
C. ruscifoUa L. 
C. strohilifera L. 
Leucosi'dea sericea E. & Z. 
Parina'rium capense Harv. 
P. mohola Oliv. 

Py'geum africanum Hook f. 

-Ko5a laevigata* Michaux 
Ruhus fruticosus* L. 
jB. pinnatus Willd. 
R. roaifoUus* Sm. 



Agrimonie, akkermonie. 

Agrimony. 
Sterboom. 

Glastee, pijpsteel, tering'tee. 
Doorntee. 
Wilde wingerd. 
Paddebos. 
Doornbos, steekbos. 
Kammiebos, pijpsteel. 
Dwadwa, oudebos ( — hout). 
Grijsappel. Sand-apple. 
Grijsappelboom. Hissing-tree, 
Mobola-plum. 
Bitter almond, nieuwehout. 
Red stinkwood. 
White dog-rose (Cape). 
Braamen. Blackberry. 
Braambos. Bramble. 
Wild raspberry (New Zeaï. — ). 



48. L e g u m i n o s a e. 
M i m o s e a e. 



Acacia alhida Delile 
A, Benthami Rochbr. 
A. Burkei Benth. 
A. caffra Willd. 
A. Catechu Willd. 
A. Cyclops* A. CuNN. 
A. detinens Burch. 



Ana-tree. 
Ruikpeul (Tr.). 
Aapiesdoom. 
Cat- thorn, Kaffir wacht-een-bietje. 
White thorn (Tr.). 
Rooikrans. Golden willow. 
Haakdoorn, haakies — , zwart' 
haak. Hook-thorn. 



110 



DICOTYLEDONES 



Leguminosae, con. 



A. Gerrardi Bbnth. 
A. Giraffae Buech. 
A. haematoxylon Willd. 
A. hereroensis Engl. 
A. Karroo Haynb 
{A. horrida Willd.) Zoet 

A. melanoxylon* R. Be. 

A. pallens Rolfe 
A, saligna* Wbndl. 
A. spirocarpa Hoc hst. 

A. spirocarpoides Engl. 
A. stolonifera Buech. 
A. Welwitschii Oliv. 
A. xanthophloea Bbnth. 
Dichrosta' chys nutans Bbnth 
Entada scandens Bbnth. 



Rooibast, rooidoorn. 

Kameeldoorn. Camel-thom. 

Vaaldoorn, —'kameel. 

Haak-en -steek, with aak. 

Doornboom, karoodoorn, wit — , 

zuur — . Karoo-thorn, white — , 
gum-arabic-tree, mimosa, thorntree. 

Stinkboontje. Blackwood 

(Austral.) 

Knoppiesdoorn. Knobthorn. 

Golden willow, Port Jackson — . 

Bastard kameel'doorn. 

Umbrella-thorn. 

Haak-en-steek, wit'haak. 
Terransibos (terassi — , transsi — ). 

Aapiesdoom. 

Fever-tree. 

Sikkelbos. 

Sea-bean, sword-bean. 



II. C a e s a 1 p i n i e a e. 

Afze'lia quanzensis Welw. 



Mahogany-bean, red mahogany, 
Rhodesian — . 
Flat-crown. 
Goat's foot. 
Pride of " De Kaap ". 
Maraama. 
Wilde sering. 

RoxB. Knikkertjes (East). 
Wild senna. 



Alhiz'zia fastigiata E. Mby. 
Bauhi'nia Burkeana Bbnth. 
B. Oalpinii N. E. Be. 

B, Kirkii Oliv. 
Bur'kea africana Hook. 
Caesalpi'nia Bonducella (L.) 
Cassia ohovata Collad. 
Copai'fera coleosperma Bbnth. Rhodesian teak. 

C. Mopane Kiek Mopane, Rhodesian iron wood, 

turpentine-tree. 
Elephantorrhi'za Burchellii Bbnth. Elandsboontje, looiers- 

bossie. 
Pelto'phorum a f ricanum Bond. Kuilbos f kajatehout (Tr.). 

African blackwood, — black 

wattle. (Rhodesian — , Tr. — ) 

Scho'tia J)rachypetala Sond. Roerboon. Hottentot's bean- 

, tree. 

Bos-boerboon. 
Boerboon. Hottentot's beantree. 
Transvaal boerboon. 



8. latifolia Jacq. 
8. speciosa Jacq. 
8, transvaalensis Rolfb 



DICOTYLEDONES 



111 



III. Papi lionatae. 



Abrus precatorius* L. 
Amphitha'lea ericifolia 
AipaVathus aemula E. 
A. mollis L. 



Mey. 



A, gpinosa L. 
A. tenuifolia DO. 
Ba'phia racemosa Hochst. 



Love-bean, lucky — ^ minnie-minniea. 
(DC.) E. & Z. Paarsblom. 

Geel kapel. 

Assegai wortel, sjambokkie, 

tien-os-touw. 

Dansdoorn. Dancing- thorn. 

Zwart 'tee. Black tea (Clanw.). 

Violet-pea. 



Bolusan' thus speciosus B.ARMS hood' houty Van Wyk's — . 
Elephant's wood, wild (Rhodesian) Wistaria. 



Borhon ia cor dat a L. 
B. parviflora Lamk. 
B. pinifolia Marl. 

Caja'nus indicus* Spreng. 
Grotala'ria Burkeana Benth 

G. capensis Jacq. 
Gyclo'pia genistoides Vent. 

G. latifolia DC, 

0. longi folia Yog., 

€. Vogelii Harv. 
G, tenuifolia Lehm. 
Dalher'gia armata E. Met. 

D. ohovata E. Mey. 
Do'lichos gihtosus Thunb. 
D. Lahlah* L. 



Stekeltee. 
Skagaltee. 

Koopman's tee, naald' — , 
rooibos — , speld' — . Red tea. 
D'hal. 

Klappers, stijfziektebos. Rattle 

bush. 

Crotalaria (gardens), Cape Laburnum. 

Bostee (bossies — ). honing — . 

Boer-tea, bush — ^ honey — . 



Vlei 'tee. Bush-tea. 
Bavlaans'touw. Monkey rope. 



Wilde ertje. 
Soudanese bean. 



Erythri'na acanthocarpa E. Mey. Tambookie-thom. 



Hyacinth 



E. caffra Thunb 

E. tomentosa R. Br. 

Indigo' f era Zeyheri Spr. 

I. spec ? 

Lesser' tia annularis Burch. 

L. pulchra Sims 

lApa'ria comantha E. & Z. 

L. sphaerica L. 

Lis' tia heterophylla E. Mey. 

Medica'go denticulata Willd. 

M, laciniata All., 

M, nigra Willd. 
Melilo'tus parviflora* Desp. 
Melolo'hium calycinum Benth. Giftzeer 'bos. 
Millet' tia caffra Meisn. Umzimbeet. 

Mucu'na coriacea Baker Brand 'boontje. 



Coral-tree. 



Kafferboom. 
Cork-tree 
Leeuwhout. 
Koudebos. 
Krimpziektebos. 
Hartslaggies. 
Klip 'blom. 

Geelkop. Nodding Liparia. 
Yellow clover, hop — (Cape). 
Klavergras, klisklaver. 
Bur-clover, little burweed, 
screw-bur. 
Stink 'klaver. Melilot. 



112 



DICOTYLEDONES 



Leguminosae, con. 



Podaly'ria calyptrata Willd 
P. speciosa E. & Z. etc. 
Psora' lea aphylla L. 
P. tracteata L. 
P. decumbens Ait. 
P. pinnata L. 
Pterocar'pus erinaceus Lam. 



Ertje bos, keurtje, klapperbos. 



Blauwkeur, fonteinbos. 

Schaapbos'tee. 

Acht-dag-genees'bos q.v. 

Blauwkeur. 

Kajatehout (Tr.). Bloodwood, 
sealing-wax tree, teak (Tr.). 
Rafnia amplewicaulis DC. Ertje'bossie, zoethout — , veld tee. 
R. perfoliata (Thunb.) E. MEY.Ertje'bossie, veldtee. 
Sutherlan' dia frutescens R. Bu.Eendjes, gansies, gansies'keur, 
hoender'bel, Jantje Barend, kalkoen 'belletje, 
kanker 'bos, kipkippers, kippie'bos. Cancer-bush. 

Tephro'sia macropoda E. Mey. iLozane. 
Trifo'lium africanum Ser. Cape clover. 

T. agrarium* L. Akker klaver. Hop clover. (Engl.) 

T, Burchellianum Ser. Cape clover. 

Vi'cia hirsuta* Gray Wilde ertje. 

VirgïUa capensis Lam Keurboom. 



49. Q e r a n i a c e a e. 



Ero'dium moschatum* (L.) L^Herit. 



Bergtee, 



Geranium incanum Burm. p 
Monso'nia hiflora DG., 

M. ovata Gav. 
if. speciosa L. 
M. unihellata Harv. 
Pelargo' nium antidysentericum^'ï^ amie. 

(E. & Z.) Harv. 
P. hetulinum (L.) Ait. 
P. cucullatum (L.) Ait. 
P. gihhosum (L.) Willd. 
P. grossularioides (L.) Ait. 

(incl. P. anceps) 
P. peltatum (L.) Ait. 



Muskus 'kruid. Turk' 
naald. Heron^s bill, 
vrouwe 'bossie. 



Keita, naaldbossie. 

Slangblom. 
Wilde rabass. 



Dysentery 
herb. 



Kamferblaar, maag' pijn 'bossie. 
Wilde malfa. 
Gouty geranium. 
Eode rabass. 



Kaffer 



P. quercijolium Ait. 

P. ramosissimum (Gav.) 

P. rapaceum Jacq. 

P. reniforme Ait. 

P. sidoides DG. 

P. triste (L.) Ait. 



zuring. lyy-leaved 
geranium, KaflSr sorrel. 
Oak-leaved geranium. 
Willd. Zinking' bossie. 

Norra, norretje, — patat. 
Rode rabass (eastern). 
Kalverbossie. 
KaneelboL 



DICOTYLEDONES 118 

Geraniaceae, con. 

PeMrgonium zonale Willd. Horseshoe-geranium. 

var. stenopetalum 
P. crithmifolium Sm. Jakob-recht-op (Karoo). 

Sarcocau'lon Burmanni Sweet Kaarsbos(kers — ). Candlebush. 
<Sf. Pater soni DO. Kaarsbossie (small). 

S. rigidum Schinz Bushman's-candle, candlebush. 

50. O X a 1 i d a c e a e. 

O'xalis cernua Thunb. etc. Gele zuring, klaver — , pijp — , 

wilde — . Sorrel. 
51. L i n a c e a e. 

Linum africanum L. Wild flax. 

53. Zygophyllaceae. 

Au'gea capensis Thunb. Baviaans'kost. 

Tri'hulus terrestris L. Dubbeltje'doom, duiveltjes, 

morgenster, vogelstruis' doorn. DeviPs thorn. 

ZygophyVlum flexuosum E. & Z. Spekbossie. 
Z. Morgsana L. Leeuwbos, schildpadbos. 

Z. spec ? Jakhals 'pisbos. 

Z. spec ? Bokkost. 

55. R u t a c e a e. 

Adenan'dra fragrans Roem. & Schult. Klip'sissie. 
A, umhellata Willd. Shepherds-delight. 

A. uniflora (L.) Willd., Betsie, kommetje-tee' water. 

A. cuspidata E. Mey. China-flower. 

Agathosma ciliata (L.) Link. etc. Steenbok-buchu. 
Baros' ma hetulina (Thunb.) Bartl. & Wendl. Buchu. 

B. crenata (L.) Kunze Long-leaf buchu. 

B, serratifolia Willd. Berg'buchu, fontein' — , olifants — . 
Calodendron capense Thunb. Wilde kastanie. Cape chestnut, 

wild — . 
Clause'na inaequalis (Presl.) Oliv. Paarde'pis. 
Coleone'ma album (Thunb.) B. & W. Cape may. 
Dios'ma vulgaris Schl. Kamfer'bos, wild buchu. 

Faga'ra capensis Thunb. Bobo, kardemon, knoppiesdoorn, 

(Xanthoxylum) paarde praam, praamdoorn. Wild 

cardamom, knobwood. 
Toddalia lanceolata Lam., Wit ijzerhout. White ironwood. 

T, natalensis Sond. 



114 



DICOTYLEDONES 



56. Burseraceae. 

Commiphora caryaefolia Oliv. Corkwood. 
C. Harveyi Engl. Corkwood. 

(Protium africanum Sond.) 



57. Mei 

Ekeher'gia capensis Sparrm. 

E. Meyeri Presl. 
Me'lia azedarach* L. 

Nyma'nia capensis (Thunb.) 

(Aitonia) 
Ptaero' xylon utile E. & Z. 
Trichi'lia Dregeana E. Mby. 
E. emetica Vahl 

Cape mahogany, 



i a c e a e. 

Esse'hout (Cape). Cape ash^ 
dog-plum. 
Essehout (Tr.). Dog-plum. 
Bessi'boom, sering. Bead-tree, 
Indian lilac. 
LiNDB. Kipkippies, klapper'bos, 
stuipe' — . Chinese lanterns. 
Nieshout. Sneezewood. 
Thun der-tree (Na.). 
Maba, mawa. Rooi essehout. 
Natal — , Christmas bells (Na). 



59. P o I y g a I a c e a e. 



Mundtia spinosa (L.) DC. 
Mural' tia Beiliana Harv. 
M, ruheacea E. & Z. 
Poly'gala myrtifolia L. 

P. aerpentaria E. & Z. 
P, virgata Thunb. 



Bokbessie, duine — , schildpad — . 
Pijn-in-sijde bos. 
Kroes 'bossie. 
Langelier, langeleden, 

September-bossie. 
Kaffer slang'wortel. 
Blauwkappie. 



60. Dichapetalaceae. 

Dichape' talum cymosum (Hoük.) Engl. Giftblaar, makouw 
D. venenatum Engl. & Gilg Blaargift, makauw (Ovambo- 

land). 

61. Euphorbiaceae. 



Cro'ton gratissimus Burch. 

Cycloste'mon argutus Muell. 

Euphorbia hrachiata Boiss. 

E. Caput Medusae L. 

E. cervicornis Boiss. 

E. coerulescens Haw. 

E. Cooperi N, E. Br. 

E. decussata E. Mey. 

E, enopla Boiss. 

E. erythrina Link 



Boog. 

Bastard iron wood (white). 

Blauw 'melkbos, zoet . 

Vingerpol, hondebos. 
Olifants melkbos. 
Zoet noorsdoorn. 
Tree-euphorbia (Na., Tr.). 
Kirrimoer (Griq. W.), sikkirie. 
Noorsdoorn, boknoors. 
Pisgoed (Cape). 



DICOTYLEDONES 



115 



Euphorbiac, con. 



E. eaculenta Marl. 
E. ferox Mael. 
E. genistoides Berg. 
E. grandidens Haw. 
E. helioscopia* L. 

E. Hystrix J acq. 
E. ingens E. Mey. 
E. Ledienii Berger 
E. mauritanica L. 
E. meloformis Ait. 
E. Peplus* L. 
E. polygona Haw. 
E. pugniformis Boiss. 
E. pulvinata Marl. 



Vingerpol (edible). 
Voetangel. 
Pisgoed. 

Naaboom. Giant euphorbia. 
Melkgras, wolfsmelk. Milkvv eed, 

spurge. 
Noorsdoorn. Hedgehog. 
Candelabra-euphorbia. 
Zuur noorsdoorn. 
Geel melkbos. 
Ezelskost, pol. 
Wolfsmelk. Spurge. 
B avians 'noors. 
Slanggift. 
Voetangel. Pincushion. 



E. sanguinea* Hochst. & Steud. Spurge (Pretoria). 



E, Bchoenlandii Pax. 
E. serpiformis Boiss. 
E. stellaespina Haw. 
E. tetragona Haw. 



Noordpol (Van Rhynsdorp). 
Steenbok'melkbos. 
Noorsdoorn. 

Naaboom. Map-tree, tree- 
euphorbia. 
Tirucalli. 
Tree-euphorbia. 
Noorsdoorn. 

Sandelwood. Tambootie. 
Ebony (Pondoland). 
Toxicodendron. 
Koolhout. Coalwood. 
Bingelkruid. Mercury. 



E. Tirucalli L. 
E. triangularis Desf. 
E. virosa Willd. 
Excoeca'ria africana Muell. 
Hey woo' dia lucens Sim 
Hyaenan'che glohosa = 
Lachnosty'Us capensis Turcz. 
Mer curia' lis annua* L. 

Phyllan' thus amapondensis Sim Red pear (Egossa). 
Ricinoden' dron Rautanenii Schinz Manketti nut. 
Ri'cinus communis* L. Kasterolie'boom. Castor-oil plant. 
Toxicodendron capense Thunb. Bosjesman's gift, giftboom, 

wolvegift, wolveboontje. 



63. B u X a c e a e. 



Buxus Mac Owani Oliv. Buig-mij-niet. Cape box. 

Notol)u'xu8 natalensis Oliv. Box-wattle. 



116 



DICOTYLEDONES 



64. Anacardiaceae. 

HarpephyVlum caffrum Beenh. Gwenya. KaflSr plum 
H. paniculosum (Sond.) O. Ktze. Respies. 
Eee'ria ar gent ea (E. Mey.) O. K. Kliphout. 

(Anaphrenium) 
Laurophyllus capensis Thunb. 
Loxosty'lis alata Spreng. 



Rhus crenata Thunb.^ etc. 
R, dentata Thunb. 
R. Dregeana Sond. 

R. erosa Thunb. 
B. laevigata L. 
R, lancea L. f. 
R» lucida L. 
R. mucronata Thunb. 

R. ohovata Sond. 

R. tomentosa L. 

R. tridactyla Buech. 

R. undulata Jacq. 

R. viminalis Vahl 

Scleroca'rya caffra Sond. 



Fila'bossie. 
Ti'erhout (tiger — ). 
Kraai 'bessie, zoet taaibos. 
Nana'bessie. 
Bessingbos, zoet taai — . 

Kiriehout. Red currant. 
Karee'boom. 
Kraaibessie, taaibos. 
Kraaibessie, krentebos, kuni, 
rank-taaibos. Wild currant. 
Taaibos. Rub-rub berries. 
Krentebos. Wild currant. 
Kareebos, zuurkaree. 
Garra. 

Rozijnbos (L. Nam.). 
Morula (meroola). 



65. Balsaminaceae. 

Impatiens capensis Thunb. Wild balsam. 



66. 

Ilex mitis (L.) Radlk. 
(/. capensis) 



Aquifoliaceae. 

Water 'hout, wit' 



-. Cape holly. 



67. Celastraceae. 

OatJia edulis Forsk. Spelonken 'tee. Bushmans-tea. 

(Methysophyllum glaucum) 
Elaeoden' dron croceum (Thunb.) DG. Saffraanhout. Safifron- 

wood. 
Gymnospo' ria acuminata (L) Syzsyz. Zijdebast (zijbas). 

Silkbark. 
(r. huxifolia (L.) Syzszyl. Lemoendoorn, pendoorn. 
G. deflexa Speague Transvaal saffraan. 

G. peduncularis (Sond.) Zwarthout. Blackwood. 

G. rhombifolia (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Pendoorn. 
G. undata (Thunb.) Szysz. Koko. 



DICOTYLEDONES 117 

Celastrac, con. 

Harto'gia capensis L. f. Lepel 'hout., smalblad. 

(Elaeodendron Kraussianum) Ladle-wood, spoon — . 

Mauroce'nia Frangula Mill. Aasvogel'bessie. Hottentots' 

(Gassine mawocenia) cherry. 

Mystro' xylon sphaerophyllum E. & Z. Kubu'bessie (kooboo). 

(Elaeodendron) Cape cherr3^ 

Pleurosty'Ua capensis (Turcz. ) Loesener Bastard saffraan. 

Coffee hard-pear. 
Pteroeela strus variabilis Sond. Kersehout, kaarshout. Cherry- 
wood. 

69. Icacinaceae. 

A-podytes dimidiata E. Mey. Witpeer. White-pear. 

70. S a p i n d a c e a e. 

Dodonae'a Thunbergiana E. & Z. Bos-ijzerhout, zandolijf 

( — oliën). 
Hippohro'mus parviflorus (L.) Rdlk. 

(E. alatus) Basterd paardepis. Horsewood. 

Pap' pea capensis E. & Z. Bergpruim, kaambessie, 

oliepitten. 
8melophy'llum capense (Sond.) Rdlk. Buig-mij-niet. 

71. Melianthaceae. 

Bersa'ma Tysoniana Oliv. Bitterbark. Bastard-sneeze wood 

Ore' y ia Sutherlandi Hook & Harv. Baakhout. 

Wild bottlebush (Na). 
Melian'thus comosus Vahl, Kruidje-roer-mij-niet 

M. major L. (Truitje — ). 

72. R h a m n a c e a e. 

Nol' tea africana (L.) Reich. Soapbush. 

Phy'lica capitata Thunb. Featherhead. 

P. oleoides DC. Hardebos. 

P. stipularis L. Hond 'gezicht. 

Rhamnus prinoides L'Hbrit. Blinkblaar. 

R. Zeyheri Sond. Red ivorywood. 

Scu'tia CommersonU Brongn. Drachies, droog-mijn-keel, 

katdoorn, katnagel. 
Zizyphus mucronata Willd. Blinkblaar, buffelsdoom, 

wachteen-biet je. 
K. Zeyheriana Sond. Klein wachteen-biet je (Tr.). 



118 DICOTYLEDONES 

73. V i t a c e a e. 

Cissus cirrhosa Thunb. Droog-mijn-keel. 

G. Crameriana Schinz Boterboom (Damaraland), 

kobas. 
Rhoicis'sus capensis (Burm.) Planch. Baviaanstonw, 

bimbrikost, bosdruif. Wild grape, monkey-rope. 

74. T i 1 i a c e a e. 

Gre'wia cana Sond. Brandewijn 'bos, kafferbessie, 
G. flava DO. rozijntjes 'bos. 

G. occidentalis L. Kruisbessie. Four-corners. 

Sparrman'ia africana L. f. Stokroos (wild). 

75. Malvaceae. 

Hihis'cus Ludwigii E. & Z. Roostouw. 

E. SaMariffa* L. Natal-sorrel. • 

H. Trionum DG. Black-eyed Susan. 

H. urens L. f. Wilde kal abas, pampoenbos. 

Malva parvi flora* L. Kaasjes, keesjesblaar, kiesie' — . 

Malvastrum hryonifolium Garcke. Berg'roos. 

8ida capensis E. & Z. Spider-leg. 

(S. longipes) 

S. rhomhifolia L. Pretoria bossie, taaiman. 

76. Bombacaceae. 

Adanso'nia digitata L. Baobab, krimmetat'boom. 

Cream-of-tartar tree, lemonade — . 

77. Sterculiaceae. 

Dom'heya rotundifoUa (Harv.) Planch. Dikbast, dralpeer. 

Herman'nia althaeifoUa L. etc. Pokkiesblom. 

E. hyssopifolia L. Acht-dag-genees'bos, 

pokkiesblom 
E. paucifoUa Turcz. Goevernements 'bossie. 

E. stricta (E. Mey) Harv. etc. Rooi-opslag. 

78. O c h n a c e a e. 

Ochna arhorea Burch. Rodehout. Cape plane, 

— redwood. 
O. Rehmanni Szyszyl. Rehmann's plane. 



DICOTYLEDONES 119 

82. Tamaricaceae. 

Tam'arix articulata Vahl Abiquas geelhout, davib, dawée. 

Tamarisk. 
T. usneoides E. Mby. Tamarisk. 

83, V i o I a c e a e. 

Vio'la decumhens L. f., Wild violet. 

y. scrotiformis DÓ. 

84. Droseraceae. 

Dro'aera cistiflora L. etc. Dauwblom, glij — , slak — , 

snot — , vliege'vangertje. Sundew. 

85. Flacourtiaceae. 

Dovya'lis caffra Harv. Kei-apple, Dingaan's — . 

D. rhamnoides Burch. Wijnbessie, zuur' — . Cape 

cranberry, crown — , wine — . 
D. rotundifolia (Thunb.) Hakv. Zuur'bessie. 
D. tristis (Sond.) Wild apricot (Kaffraria). 

(Aberia) 
Kiggela'ria africana L. Spekhout, wilde perske. 

Pork wood, wild peach. 
On' cola Kraussiana VijA^^cu. African dogrose (Na.). 
0. spinosa Forsk. Tonga or thunga. 

Scolo'pia Mundtii W. Arn. Klipdoorn, roode'peer. Bed 

pear. ( Bergsaff raan ? ) 

iSf. Zeyheri (Arn.) Szyszyl. Doorn'peer, hoender 'spoor. 

incl. S. Ecklonii W. Arn. Thorn-pear, wolf s-thorn. 

Trime'ria alnifolia Planch. Grootblaar-ijzerhout, wilde 

moerbei. Wild mulberry. 

87. Passifloraceae. 

Paasiflo'ra coerulea* L. Horloge'blom, passie' — . 

Passion-flower. 
90. B e g o n i a c e a e. 

Bego'nia natalensis Hook. Wild begonia. 

91. C a c t a c e a e. 

Opun'tia decumana* Haw. Kaalblad, Turk^svijg. 

Prickly pear. 
0. decumana var. spinosa* Doornblad. 
0. pusilla* Haw. Kaktus. Jointed-cactus. 



120 DICOTYLEDONES 

94. Thymelaeaceae. 

Arthrosolen polycephalus C. A. Mey. Januarie'bossie. 
Chymococ' ca empetroides Meisn. Dronkbessie. 

Christmas-berry. 
Dais cotinifoUa L. Kannabast. 

Gni'dia oppositifoUa L. Kannabast. 

Lachnae'a filamentosa Meisn. Bergaster (Cedar mts.). 
L. purpurea Andr. Berg 'anjelier. 

Passeri' na filiformis L. Bakbos, bruin 'ganna, ganna- 

bast, fijne taaibos, kaalgaar (kabelgaren), 

windmaker'bos. 
Peddiea africana Harv. Ster kb ast. 

Struthi'ola erecta L. Kat'staartje, zout'gonna. 

S, longiflora Lam. Stroopbos. 

S. stricta Donn. etc. Juj9fertje-roer-bij -de-nacht, kattestaart, 
wit rummanachie, ve'ertje (vedertje). Cat's tail. 

95. O 1 i n i a c e a e. 

OU'nia cymosa Thunb. Hardepeer (Cape), rooibessie. 

96. L y t h r a c e a e, 

Heteropy' xis natalensis Harv. Wild lavender (Na.). 

98. Rhizophoraceae. 

Bruguie'ra gymnorrhiza Lam. Red mangrove. 
Rhizo'phora mucronata Lam. Red mangrove. 

99. Combretaceae. 

Comhre'tum hracteosum Brandis. Hiccup-nut (hiccough — ). 

(Poivrea) 
C. erythrophyllum Sond. Rodeblad (rooiblaar). Bush- 

willow. 
O. Kraussii Hochst. Vaterland's-wilg. 

C. porphyrolepis Engl. & D. Loodhout. Leadwood. 
C primigenum Marl. Omumborumbonga. 

C. salicifoliitm E. Mey. Rodeblad, vaterland's-wilg. 

Bush- willow, (Bush veld — ). 
Termina'lia sericea Burch. Vaalboom (No.). 



DICOTYLEDONES 121 

100. Myrtaceae. 

Acme' na Gerrardi Harv. Forest-waterwood. 

Eugenia Zeyheri Harv. Wilde jamboes. Wild myrtle, 

black- tea bush. 

Syzy'gium cor datum Hochst. Waterboom, — hout. Water- 
berry, — wood. 

102. Oenotheraceae. 

Epilo'Mum hirsutum* L. Willow herb. 

Oenothera odorata* Jacq. Nachtkaars. Evening primrose. 

Ona'gra hiennis* (L.) Scop. Nachtkaars. Evening primrose. 

102b. Sub-family : Hydrocaryaceae. 

Trapa hispinosa Roxb. Watemut. 

103. Halorrhaginaceae. 

Oun'nera perpensa L. Wilde ramenas. 

104. Araliaceae. 

Cusso'nia spicata Thunb. Kiepersol, noois'boom, sambriel 

— (samareel). waai — . Cabbage- tree. 

C. umtelUfera Sond. Kiepersol, sambrielboom, umgezisa. 

Cabbage-palm. 

105. Cornaceae. 

Curti'sia faginea Ait. Assegaihout, — wood. 

106. Umbelliferae. 

Alepi' dea amatymMca E. & Z. Kalmoes (E.). 
Annesorrhi' za macrocarpa E. & Z. Anijs wortel (wilde). 
A. montana II. & Z. Anijswortel (zoet). 

Arc'topus echinatus L. Platdoorn, zieketroost. 

Carum capense Sond. Venkelwortel. 

Gentel' la glahrata L. Persgras. 

(Hydrocotyle centella) 
Foeni'culum vulgare* Mill. Venkel (vinkel). Fennel. 
Hermas gigantea L. f . Tondelblaar. 

Hydroco'tyle asiatica L. Vark'oortjes, waternavel. 

Pennywort. 
Lichtenstei' nia lacera Cham. & Schlecht. Kalmoes (West). 
Pence' danum capense (Thunb.) Sond. Lid'bossie. 
P. cynorrhiza Sond. Hondewortel (Algoa Bay). 



122 



DICOTYLEDONES 
Umbelliferae, con. 



P. Galbarmm (L.) Bbnth. & Hook. Wilde selderij. Blistering- 
bush, wild celerj. 
P. ten/uifoUum Thunb. Wilde peterselie. 

Ru'thea gummifera (L.) Bolle Gli, moerwortel. 

(Glia) 
8ium Thunbergii DO. Tandpijn 'wortel, water-parsnip 



SYMPETALAE. 



107. Ericaceae. 



Eri'ca dbietina L. 
E. ampullacea Curt. 
E. ardens Andr. 
E. ardens, var. all)a 
E. aristata Andr. 
E. hlenna Salisb. 
E. Bowieana Lodd. 
E. hruniades L. 
E. campanulata Andr. 
E. cerinthoides L. 
E. curviflora L. 
E. decora Andr. 
E. denticulata L. 
E. fascicularis L. f. 
E. florihunda Lodd. 
E. glauca Andr. 
E. imhricata L. 
E. lutea Berg. 
E. mammosa L. 
E. Massoni L. f. 
E. Monsoniana L. f. 

E. perspicua Wendl. 

E. Peziza Lodd. 

E. physodes L. 

E.Plukenetii L. 

E. regia Bartl. 

E. sessiliflora L. f. 

E. spumosa L. 

E. tegulaefolia Salisb. 

E. tenuifoUa L. 



Mielie-heath. 

Bottle — , sissie — . 

Was — . Wax — . 

Kiversdale — (white). 

Tijgerhoek — (pron. ti'er). 

Lantern — , Kiversdale — (large) 

Albertinia — (white). 

Kapokkie. 

Botriver — . 

Rooihaartje. Red hairy — . 

Waterbos. 

Klokkies — . 

Lekker-ruik-heide. 

Taai — , Tijgerhoek — . Sticky — . 

Karkaar. 

Cup-and-saucer — . 

Karkaar (wit), rinkhals — . 

Geel-rijs — . 

Rooi klossie — . 

Houwhoek — , taai- 



Cold Bokkeveld 



Sticky—. 
Worcester 
— (white). 
Prince-of- Wales — . 



Veder - 

Kapokkie. 

Sticky — (white). 

Hangertje. 

Belletje — . Elim — , royal — . 

Green — . 

Karkaar, zwartbekkie. 

Banketje'heide. 

Wit* rijs — . 



SYMPETALAE 



123 



Ericaceae, con. 



E. Tlmnbergii Montin 

E. ventricosa Thunb. 

E. villosa Andr. 

E. viridipurpurea L. 

E. viscaria L. 

Philippia Ghamissonis Kl. 

Vacci'nium Exul Bolus 



Malay — . 

Was 'heide. 

Kapokkie. 

Bosluis-blom. 

Taai — (Flats), klokkies 

Kabinethout. 

Blueberry. 



108. 
Myr'aine africana L. 

M. melanophleos R. Br. 
(Rapanea) 



Myrsinaceae. 



Mirting, vliege'bos, wilde mirt. 
Cape myrtle. 
Wit beukenhout, zwartbast. 
Cape beech. 



109. Primulaceae. 



Anagal'Us arvensis* L. 

A, coerulea* Schrad. 
Sa'molus Valerandi L. 



Roode muur. Scarlet pimper- 
nel, poor man's weather-glass. 
Blue pimpernel. 
Worldwise. 



110. Plumbaginaceae. 

Plumbago capensis Thunb. 

Sta'tice purpurata L. 

8, rosea Sm. 

S, scabra Thunb. 



Plumbago. 
Papierblom. 

Papierblom, strandroos. 
Sea-lavender. 



111. Sapotaceae. 

Chrysophyl'lum magalismontanum Sond. Stamvruchte. 
Mimusops caffra E. Mey. Moepel, rode melkhout. Red 

M. ohovata Sond. milkwood. 

M. Zeyheri Sond. 
Sidero'xylon inerme L. Jakhalsbessie, wit melkhout. 

White milkwood. 



112. Ebenaceae. 

Diospy'ros mespiliformis Hochst. Jakhalsbessie. Hill-matome. 

Eu'clea lanceolata E. Mey. Bos'guarri. 

E. polyandra (L. f.) E. Mey. Kersebos. 

E. pseudehenus E. Mey. Ebbehout. Cape ebony. 

E. racemosa Murr. Kersebos. 



124 



SYMPETALAE 



Ebena.ceae, con. 



E. tomentosa E. Mey. 
E. undulata Thunb. 
Maha natalensis Harv. 
Roye'na glabra L. 
R. hirsuta L. 
R. lucida L. 

R. lycioides Desp. 
R. pollens Thunb. 
R. puhescens Willd. 
R. Simii O. Kuntze. 



Jakhals'bos, kerse' — . 
Guarri, raas'bessie. 
Smalblad. 
Kraaibessie. 
Kritikom. 
Zwartbast. Black 



Star apple. 
Blauwbos. 
Tolbos, tolletje. 
Kraaibessie. 



bark, wild 
coffee. 



Monkey-apple. 



113. O 1 e a c e a e. 

Jasmi'num angulare Vahl Wild jessamine. 
/. glaucum Ait. 
J. multipartitum Hochst. 
O 'lea capensis L. Ijzerhout. Iron wood. 

O. foveolata E. Mey. Basterd ijzerhout. Bastard 

iron wood. 
O. laurifolia Lam. Zwart ijzerhout. Black iron- 

wood. 
O. verrucosa Lam. Olijvehout. Wild olive. 



114. Salvadoraceae. 



Azi'ma tetracantha Lam. 



Bij angel, naai 'bos, naald' — . 
Bee-sting, stinkbush. 



115. Loganiaceae. 



Buddie' ia salviaefolia Lam. 
Chilian' thus oleaceus Bürch. 

(G. ardoreus) 
Nuxia congest a R. Br. 
N. florihunda Benth. 
N. tomentosa Sond. 
Strychnos Atherstonei Harv. 
S. Gerrardii N. E. Br. 
S. Henningsii Gilg 
S. pungens Solered. 
S. spinosa Lam. 



Saliehout. Sagewood. 
Wilde vlier. Bastard olive. 

Witte salie. Bogwood. Umkobes 
Vlier (Tr.). Wild elder. 
Brittle-wood. 
Kajate-hout. Cape teak. 
Gulugulu (Tr., Na.). 
Hardepeer. Hard-pear. 
Klapper. Wild orange. 
Klapper. KaflBr-orange. 



SYMPETALAE 



125 



116. Gentianaceae. 

Chiro'nia haccifera L. Aambeie bos, bitter' — j meidje 

Willemse. Christmas-berry, wild gentian (pink). 
Sehae'a exacoides (L.) Schinz Sebaea (large). 

117. Apocynaceae. 



Acokanthera venenata G. Don Giftboom. Poison -bush. 



Garissa Arduina Lam. 
(7. grandiflora A. DG. 
Gonio'ma Eamassi E. Mey. 
Landol'phia capensis Oliv. 
Pachypo' dium Mspinosum (L. 
P. namaquanum Wblw. 
Rauwol'fia natalensis Sond. 
Vinca major* L. 



Num-num. 

Amatungulu. Natal plum. 
Kamassihout. Cape box (false). 
Wild apricot ( — peach, Tr.). 
p.) D.C. Krach tman, sterk' — . 
Halv'mense. Elefant's-trunk. 
Quinine-tree, ümjela. 
Maagdepalm. Periwinkle. 



118. Asclepiadaceae. 



Ascle'pias crispa Berg. Bitterwortel. 

A. fruticosa L. Gansies, melk 'bos, tondel' — , wilde 

kapok. Fire-sticks, shrubby milkweed, wild cotton. 
A. rotundifoUa Mill. Katoenbos, gansies. Wild cotton. 

Carallu'ma incarnata (L. f.) N. E. Br. Aroena. Kopzeer. 
Cynan chum africanum E. Br. Klimop. 

G. capense Thunb. 
Duva'Ua spec. & similar plants. Hotnofs-toontje. 
Fo'ckea angustifolia K. Schum. Kamberoe (kambroe). 
F. capensis Endl. Bergbarroe. 

F. undulata N. E. Br. Kamberoe. 

Hoo'dia Gordoni Sweet (etc.) Wilde ngaap. 
Microlo'ma tenuifolium (L.) K. Schum. etc. 
schildpadkost. Coral-creeper, red 
Sarcostem' ma viminale (L.) 



Kannetjes, 
wax-creeper. 



Secamo'ne Thunl)ergii E. M. 



R. Br. Melktouw, spantouw- 
melk'bos. 
Melktouw. Monkey-rope. 
Stape'Ua spec, and other similar asclepiads. Aasblom, bok' 
hoorntje, duiker's-horen, haas-oor, hoorntjes. Hotnot's- 
toontjes, uilkost. Carrion-flower, toad-plants. 
Trichocau'lon flavum N. E. Br. Ngaap (Guaap, Gaap). 
T. piliferum (L. f.) N. E. Br. etc. Ngaap. 
Xysm^lo'hium undulatum R. Br. Bitter 'hout, — 'wortel. 



126 SYMPETALAE 

119. Convolvulaceae. 

Convolvulus arvensis* L. Bindweed. 

Cuscu'ta africana Thunb. Monnikbaard (munnik — ), war- 

C. nitida E. Mby. kruid. Dodder. 

C. racemosa* Mart. 

121. Borraginaceae. 

Anchu'sa capensis Thunb. Ossetong. Forget-me-not. 
A, riparia DG. Ijzer'gras. Forget-me-not. 

Oor' dia ca ff ra Sond. Oudehout, septee. 

Gynoglossum micranthum* Desf. Hound's-tongue. 
Ehre'tia hottentotica Burch. Cape lilac, stamperwood. 
Lithospermum arvense* L. Cromwell-corncockle. 
Lohoste' mon fruticosus (L.) Büek Acht-dag-genees'bos, 

dauw-worm — , luibossie. 
Myoao'tia silvatica Hofpm. Forget-me-not. 

122. Solanaceae. 

Oestrum urnbellatum* Pang. Inkberry. 

Datura stramonium* L. Pietje Laporte, stinkblaar. 

Thorn-apple. 
D. Tatula* L. Blauw stinkblaar. 

Ly'cium arenicolum Miers Kriedoorn. 
L. horridum L. Bok-doom, kalBferdoom. 

L. Prunus-spinosa Dun. Kriedoorn. 

Nicotia'na glauca* R. Grah. Wild tobacco. 
Phy'salis minima* L. Kalkoengift. 

P. peruviana L. Appel-der-liefde, Kaaps klapbes, pompel- 

moer. Cape gooseberry. 
Sola'num aculeastrum Dunal Giftappel. Apple-of-Sodom, 

bitter apple. 
S. giganteum Jacq. Geneesblaren. 

S. nigrum L. Galbessie, nacht'schade, — schaduwe, 

nastagal. Black nightshade. 
8. sodomeum var. Hermanni Dunal. Giftappel. Apple-of- 
Sodom, bitter apple. 
Witha'nia somnifera Dunal Geneesblaren. 

123. Scrophulariaceae. 

Apto'simum atietinum Burch. Kankerblaren. 

A. depressum Burch. Carpet-plant. Karoo-violet. 

A. indivisum Burch. 
Oharadro' phila capensis Mael. Cape Gloxinia ( Jonker shoek) . 



SYMPETALAE 127 

Scrophular, con. 

Gyc'nium adonense E. Mey. Mushroom-flower (Na). 
Halle'ria elliptica Thunb. Kinderbessie, nutzung. Wild 

fuchsia. 
H. lucida L. Wit 'olijf, oudehout. 

Har'veya capensis Hook. Inkt 'blom. White harveya. 

HyöhancTie sanguinea L. Inkt 'blom, katnagels, rooipop, 

schildpadblom, wolvekost, zoetpop. Ink-plant. 
Lype'ria crocea Eckl. Geel 'blommet je, saffraan 'bossie 

Neme'sia affinis Benth. Weeskinnertjes. 

N. hicornis (L.) Pers. Kaaps leeuwbekkie. 

N. strumosa Benth. Rooi leeuwbekkie. 

Striga liitea Lour. Isona, rooiblom. Matabele- 

flower, witch- weed. 
Vero'nica AnagalUs* L. Speedwell. 

Zaluzianskya villosa F. W. Schmidt Drumsticks. 

124. Selaginaceae. 

Eéhenstreitia spec. ? Slak' blom. 

Walajri'da geniculata (L. p.) Rolfb Aarbossie. Water-fin der. 
(Sela' go leptostachya) 

125. Verbenaceae. 

Avicennia officinalis L. White mangrove. 

Lanta'na salvifolia Jacq. Bird's-brandy. 

Verhe'na officinalis* L. Wild verbena, vervain. 

127. Bignoniaceae. 

Kige'lia pinnata DG. Gucumber-tree, sausage-tree. 

Bhigo'zum ohovatum Burch. Driedoom. 
R. trichotomum Burch. Driedoorn, gele granaat. 

Tecoma'ria capensis Spach. Gape trumpet flower, KaflSr 

honeysuckle. 

128. Pedaliaceae. 

Earpagophy' turn procumbens (Burch.) DG. Beest-dubbeltje, 
klauwdoorn, rank-doorn, touw (touwtje). Grapple 

plant, wool-spider. 
Pre'trea zangueharica J. Gay Dubbelt je-doom, duivelsdis, 
duiveltjes, elandsdoorn. Devil's thorn. 
Seaamum indicum* L. Sesame. Thunderbolt-flower. 



128 SYMPETALAE 

129. Gesneraceae. 

Streptocar' pus Rexii Lindl. Rexia, twin-sisters. 

130. Orobanchaceae. 

Oroban'che ramosa L. Blue broom-rape. 

131. Lentibulariaceae. 

Ütricularia stellaris L. f. etc. Bladderwort. 

132. Acanthaceae. 

Adhato'da Duvernoia O. B. CL.Pistol-bush. 
Isoglo'ssa densiflora N. E. Br. Kiesieblaar (East London). 

Bushbuck-food. 
I. Woodii C. B. Cl. Buckweed (Na.). 

Mackaya hella Harv. Mackaya. 

Mone'chma divaricatum (Willd.) O. B. Cl. Wild lucerne. 
Thunber'gia atriplicifolia E. Mey. Natal primrose. 

133. L a b i a t a e. 

Acro'tome inflata Benth. Tolbossie. Tumble-weed. 

Ballo'ta africana (L.) Benth. Kattekruid. Catherb. 
Leono'tis Leonitis R. Br. Klip dagga, koppies — . Lions- 

(L. ovata) ear. 

L. Leomirus R. Br. Wilde dagga. Minaret-flower. 

Leucas martimcensis R. Br. Tolbossie. Tumble weed. 
L. Pechuelii (O.K.) Guerkb Horse-bush (Damar). 
Mentha capensis Thünb. etc. Wild mint. 
M. crispa* L. Kruisemunt (Kriste munt). 

M. piperita* L. Mint. 

Sal' via africana L. Blauwblom-salie. Wild sage. 

8. aurea L. Geelblom-salie, strand' — . 

jS'. paniculata L. Blauwblom-salie. 

Stachys hispida (Thunb.) Briq. Kattekruid. 

(S. Thunhergii) 
8. rugosa Ait. Dassiebos, Jakob-jong. 

Teu'crium africanum Thunb. Paddeklauw, Akedis'poot 

(Hagedis — ). 
134. Plantaginaceae. 

Planta'go lanceolata* L. Smal weegbree. Lamb's tongue, 

ribwort, wild sago. 
P. major* L. Platvoet, weegblaar, groote weegbree. 

Plantain (broad-leaf) wild sago. 



SYMPETALAE 



129 



135. Rubiaceae. 



Adina Galpinii Oliv. 



Mingerhout. Transvaal teak, 
water-matome, wild oleander. 
Zeeroog-kattestaart. 
Buffelshoorn, wilde granaat. 
Wild pomegranate. 
Cephalan' thus natalensis Onv.Quinine-berry. 
Gardenia citriodora Hook. Wild coffee. 

September-bells (Na.). 
Z. Opgeitjes. Kafïir-cherry. 

Aap'z'n kost, kaars'hout (kers' — ). 

Can die wood. 
G. Thuribergia L. f. Wilde katjepiering, stompdoorn 

Kraussia lanceolata (E. Mey.) Sond. Wild coffee. 
Pachystig'ma pygmaeum (Schl.) Stent Witappeltje. 
{V angueria pygniaea ^culecuter) 



Anthosper' mum aethiopicum L 
Burchel'lia capensis DG. 



G. glolosa Hochst. 
G. Neuheria Eckl. & 
G, Rothmannia L. 



P. Zeyheri Sond. 
Pavet'ta caffra Thunb. 
P. lanceolata Eckl. 
Pentani' sia variahilis Harv. 
Plectro'nia ciliata Sond. 
P. Gueinzii (Sond.) Szysz. 
P. Mundtiana (Ch. & Schl.) 
P. ohovata (Klotzsch) Sim 
P. ventosa L. 

Ru' Ma petiolaris DG. 
Vangue'ria infausta Burch. 



Goorappel. 
KafiQr-bride. 
Christmas-bush. 
Wild verbena (Na.). 
Schaap'drolletje. 
Monkey-rope. 

Pappe Klip 'els, kloofhout. 
Quar. [Rockalder. 

Schaap'drolletje. Gape date, 
tnrkey-berry. 
Rooi 'houtjes, — 'storm. 
Mispel. Wild medlar. 



136. Valerianaceae. 

Valeriana capensis Thünb. Wilde balderjan. Cape valerian. 



Scahio'sa africana L. 
S. Golwmbaria L. 



137. Dipsaceae. 

Wild scabious. 

Wild scabious, pincushion, rice- 
flower. 



138. Cucurbitaceae. 

Acanthosi' cyos horrida Welw. Naras, butterpits. 
GitruVlus vulgaris Schrad. Tsamma. Kaffir water-melon, 

wild . 

C. vulgaris var. amara Bitter 'appel, — boela, — osse, 

karkoor, koorkoor. Bitter melon, wild coloquint. 



130 



SYMPETALAE 



Cucurbitae, con. 



Agurkje, komkommer (wilde) 



Cu'cumis africanus L. f., 
C, Naudinianus Sond. 
Melo'thria punctata Cogn. Davidjes' wortel. 
{Coniandra scaJ)ra and Zehneria) 



139. Campanulaceae 

Cyph'ia voluhilis (Thunb.) Willd. etc. 



Ö. Büvatica Eckl. 
Lohe'lia coronopifolia L. 
L. Erinus L. 
L. lutea Thunb. 
L. pinifoUa L. 



Aard 'boontje, veld' 
barroe (vel — ). 
Bos'barroe. 
Blue lobelia. 
Garden-lobelia. 
Yellow lobelia. 
Blue lobelia. 



141. Compositae. 

Acanthosper' mum Brasilum* Schrank. Star bur. 
Adenachae'na parvi folia DC. = Phymaspermum, 
An'themis Cotula* L. 
Arcto'tis acaulis L. 
Artemisia afra Jacq. 



Aster filifolius Vent. 
A. fruticosus L. 
Athana'sia crithmifolia L. 
A. tri fur cat a L. 
Athri'xia phylicoides DO. 
Berkhey'a pinnata (Thunb. 
Bidens pilosa* L. 



Brachylae'na discolor DO. 
B. elliptica Less. 
Calendula officinalis* 
Genia turhinata (L.) 
Gentaurea calcitrapa* Pers. 
G. melitensis* L. 
G. solstitialis* L. 



Stinking-chamomile. 
Goudsblom, tondeldoek. Marigold. 
Wilde als (= aalst, Holl. alsem). 
Wormwood. 
Draai 'bossie, gom' — , num' — . 
Aster (wild). 
Klaas Louw. 

Klaas Louw 'bos, kouter' — . 
Kaffir-tea (Na.). 
Less. Wilde karmedik. 
Weduwnaar ( weeuwenaar ) . 
Beggarticks, black-jack. 
Bos-vaalbos. 

Bitter blaar. Fire-sticks. 
Gousblom. Garden-marigold. 
Ganzekost. 
Star-thistle. 
Malta-thistle. 
S. Barnaby's-thistle. 



L. 
Pers 



Ghrysan'themum Leucanthemum* L. Margriet (Gardens). 
G. segetum* L. Goudsblom (Holl.) Corn -marigold. 

Ghryso' coma tenuifolia Berg. Bitterbossie (Karoo). 
Gnicus lanceolatus* Willd. Wilde Karmedik. 
Gony'za ivaefoUa Less. Bakbossie, oond'bos (Oven — ) 

Go'tula multifida DO. Kamso. 



SYMPETALAE 



131 



Compositae, con. 



Cryptostem'ma calendulaceum Willd. Gousblom (gouds — ). 

Cape weed (Tr.), marigold. 
Di'coma anomala Sond. (R. Br.) Wormbos. 



Didel'ta spinoaa Ait. 
Dimorphothe' ca aurantiaca 
D. Ecklonis DC. 
D. nudicaulis (L.) DC. 

D. pluvialis (L.) Moench 

D. Zeyheri Sond. 

Elytropap'pus glandulosus Less. Slangbos. 



Paardebos, slaai — . 
DC. Namaqua-dalsy. 
Bietouw. Van Staden's-daisy. 
Wit margriet (wilde). Ox-eye 

daisy. 
Boterblom (wit). Cape daisy. 
Jakhalsbos. 



E. Rhinocerotis (L. f.) Less. 
Eri'geron canadensis* L. 
Erioce' phalus racemosus L. 
E. umhellatus DC, etc. 
Eu'ryops ahrotanifolius (L.) 
E. florilundus N. E. Br. 
E. lateriflorus (L. f.) Less. 
E. UnifoUus (L. f.) DC. 
E. multifidus (L. f.) DC. 

E. oligoglossus DC. 
E. tenuissimus (L. f.) DC. 
Feli'cia fascicularis DC. 
Gamolepis pectinata Less. 
Garu'leum hipinnatum Less. 

Qaza'nia Pavonia R. Br. 

G. pinnata (Thunb.) Less. 

Geige'ria passerinoides (L'Herit) Harv. Vomeerbossie. 

Ger"bera aurantiaca Sch. Bip. Hilton-daisy. 

G. Burmanni Cass. 

G. Jamesoni Bolus 

Gnapha'lium luteoalhum* L. 

Haplocar'pha lyrata Harv. 

Helichry'sum appendiculatum 

H. auriculatum (Thunb.) Less 



Renosterbos. Rhenoster-bush. 
Horseweed. 

Kapkappie (Knysna). 
Kapokbossie. Wild rosemary. 
DC. Geel margriet. 
Resin bush. 

Harpuisbos (rapuis— ) (vet — ) 
Fijnebos. 

Geel margriet, harpuisbos. 
Resin-bush. 
Waterharpuis. Resin-bush. 
Harpuisbos. Resin-bush. 
Schaapbossie. 
Berg kamille. 

Koverbos, slanghoutjes. Snake- 
root. 
Gousblom (gouds — ). Marigold 
Boterblom, goudsblom. 



H, crispum (L.) Less. 
H, imhricatum (L.) Less. 
H, nudifolium (L.) Less. 
H. serpyllifolium Less. 
H. vestitum (L.) Less. 



Di'alsa'bossie (Daniels 'bos). 
Barberton-daisy. 
Roerkruid. Cudweed. 
Bietouw. 

(Thunb.) Less. Sheep's-ears. 
. Kooigoed. Hottentot's bed- 
ding. 
Kooigoed. Hottentot's bedding. 
Duine'tee. 
Kaffertee. 

Vaaltee. Hottentot's-tea. 
Zeven jaartje. Everlasting. 



132 



SYMPETALAE 



Compositae, con. 



HeUp'terum eximium (L.) DC 
H, speciosissimum (L.) DO., 
H, variegatum (Thunb.) 
Hip'pia frutescens L. 
Hypochae'ris radicata* L. 
I'nula graveolens* (L.) Desp. 
Klei'nia radicans (Thunb.) 
Lactu'ca Scariola* L. 
Leon' tony X angustifoUus L. 
Ley'ssera gnaphaloides L. 



Strawberry everlasting. 



DC. Zeven jaartje. Everlasting. 
Rank 'als. 
Cat's-ear. 

Khakibush, — weed. 
DC. Bokkost. 
Prickly-lettuce. 
Beetbossie. 

Geel-blommetjes-tee, honger — , 
schildpad' — . 
Vaal 'tee. 
Roggeveldgras. 
Wild chamomile. 



L. tenella DC. 

Matricaria alhida Fbnzl. 

M. glahrata DC. 

M. glohifera (Thunb.) FENZL._,Stinkkruid. 

M. multiflora (Thunb.) 
Metala'sia muricata (L.) Less. Blombos. 
Nest' lera prostrata B.ARY. Hartebeeste'bos (?) 

Osmi'tes hirsuta Less. Van-der-Merwe's-kruiden. 

Osmitop' sis asteriscoides (L.) Cass. Bels. Mountain-daisy. 
Osteosper' mum moniliferum L. Bietouw, boeta bessie, bok — . 

Brother-berries, bushtick-berry. 

Othon'na auriculaefolia Licht. Buchu'kruid (Griquatown), 

wilde patat (Robertson), zandkool (Griq. W.). 



0. pallens DC. 
Pen'tzia globosa Less. 

P. virgata Less. 
PTvymasper ' mum parvifo Hum 



Ptero'nia camphorata L. 

P. glomerata L. f. 
P. onohromoides DC. 
P. pallens L. p. 
Relha'nia genistifolia 
Sene'cio angulatus L. p. 
8. arenarius Thunb. 
;8. elegans L. 
8. halimifolius L. 
8. junceus (Less.) Harv. 
8. latifolius DC. 

8. littoreus Thunb. 
8. macroglossus DC. 



Springbok 'bossie. 
Goed 'karoo, schaapbos. 

(DC.) B. & H. FiL. Vaal'karoo 

( bos). 

Gombos. 



Buchubos (Nam.). 
Witbossie. 
L.) L'Herit. Pepperbush. 
Cape ivy. 
Hongerblom. 

Wild Cineraria, — Jacobaea. 
Tabakbos. 
Sjambokbos. 

Dan^s-cabbage, Molteno-disease 

plant. 
Hongerblom. 
Natal ivy. 



SYMPETALAE 133 

Gompositae, con, 

S. rigidus L. etc. Poisonous ragwort. Inkanga. 

8. vulgaris* L. Groundsel, kruiskruid. 

Si'lyhum Marianum* Gaertn. Mary's-thistle. 
Sonchus oleraceus* L. Melkdistel, sijdissel (zeug — , 

zuig — ). Sow-thistle. 
Stoiae'a atractyloides Thunh. Graveel 'wortel. 
S. cruciata (Th.) Blarv. etc. Disseldoorn. Thistle (S.A.). 
Stoehe cinerea Thunb. Slang'bos. 

Tage'tes erecta* L. Mexican (African) marigold. 

[Holl. = Afrikanen, fluweeltjes]. 
T. minuta* L. Khakibush. Mexican marigold. 

Tanace'tum multiflorum Th. Wormkruid. 
Tarchonan' thus camphoratus L. Kamferhout (— bos), sirie- 

hout, veld-vaalbos. Sage wood. 
Trip' teris glandulosa TvRCz. Bietouw (biedouw). 

T. linearis Harv. 

T. sinuata DC. 
Xan'thium spinosum* L. Boete 'bossie, — 'klis, pinotie- 

bossi. Burweed. 
X. strumarium* L. Boetebossie. Cockle-bur, 

Zinnia pauciflora* L. Kafiör-daisy. 



MONOCOTYLEDONES. 



1. Typhaceae. 

Typha australis Schum. & Thonn. Matjesgoed, papkuil. 
T. capensis Kohrb. Bulrush, poker. 

3. Potamogetonaceae. 

Potamoge'ton pusillus L. etc. Fonteinkruid. Pondweed. 
Zoste'ra marina L., Zeegras. Seagrass. 

Z. nana Roth 

4. Aponogetonaceae. 

Aponoge'ton distachyus L. Waterblom, wateruin tje. 
A. natalensis Oliv. Ram's-horn. 



134 MONOCOTYLEDONES 

7. G r a m i n a. 

[The — stands for gras or grass.] 
Agro' pyrum distichum* Beaxjv. Suikerriet (Western). 
Ammo'phila arenaria* (L.) Link Helm (Holl,), zandhaver. 
(A. arundinacea Host.) Marram — . 

Andropo'gon appendiculatus ISiebs Blauw — (Na.). 
Anthe'phora puhescens Nees Blauwbuffel. Wool — . 
Anthistiria imherhis = Themeda. 

Aristi'da hrevifoUa Steud. T'waa. 
A. congesta R. & S. Steek — . 

A. Dregeana Trin. & Rupe. T'waa. 
A. oMusa Del. Fijne t'waa. 

A. uniplumis Licht. Langbeen t'waa. 
Arundina'ria tesselata Munro. Wilde bamboes. 

Cape bamboo. 
Atropis Borreri Stapf Brak — . 

Ave' na fatua* L. Wild oats. 

Briza maxima* L. Klokkies — , tril — . Quaking 

— , Lady's-heart — . 

B. media L. Bevertjes, tril — . 
Bromus maximus* Desp. Broncho — . 

B. unioloides* (Willd.) H. B. K. Prairie — (Australian), 

rescue --. 
Chloris gayana Kunth Rhodes' — . 

C. virgata* Swartz Wilde haver (Brandfort). Hay 

— , sweet — . 
Coix Lacryma-Jobi* L. Job's-tears. 

Cymhopo'gon excavatus (Hoc hst.) Staff Koperdraad. 

Turpentine — . 
(7. hirtus (L.) Stapp Steek — . Blue — . 

C. marginatus (Steud.) Stapf Akkewani, motwortel. Kuskus 
(Andropogon Iwarancusa) — . 

C. validus Stapf Tambookie — . 

Cyn'odon Dactylon Pers. Bataviese kweek, fijne — , 

kwagga — , Oostindiese — , kruisgras. Bermuda quick 
— , dub — , fine couch — , Florida — , Germiston — . 
C. incompletus Nees Rechte kweek. Quick — . 

Dactyloctenium aegyptiacum Willd. Duck — . 
Dantho'nia elephantina Nees Olifants — . 
Digita'ria sanguinalis* Scop. Manna. Finger — , wild millet. 
Ehrhar'ta villosa Schult. Pijp — . 

Eleusi'ne indica* (L.) Gaertn. Crowfoot, goose — (weed). 
Elionu'rus argenteus Nees Wilde beeste' — , zuurpol. 

Lemon — . 



MONOCOTYLEDONES 



135 



Gramina, con. 



Enneapo' gon scaber Lehm. 
Eragros' tis curv^ula Nebs 
E. cyperoides Beauv. 
E. minor, var. megastachya 
E. plana Nees 
E. spinosa Trin. 
Erian'thus capensis Nees 
Festu'ca caprina Nees 
Fingerliu' thia africana Lehm. 
Heteropo' gon contortus (L.) 
Hordeum muinnum* L. 
Impera'ta arundinacea Cyr. 
Lo'Uum italicum* R. Br. 
L. perenne* L. 
L. temulentum* L. 
Me'lica decumhens Thunb. 
Panicum hirsutissimum 
P. laevifolium Hack. 



Zuur — (Nam.). 
Blauwzaad. 
S teekriet (Sea-shore). 
(Link.) Davy Stink — . 
Blauwzaad, os-pol — . 
^^ogelstruis — . 
Ruigte. 
Bokbaard. 
Kalk — . 

Beauv. Steek — . Spear 
Wild barley. 
Bedding — . 
Italian Rye — . 
Raai — . Rye — . 
Drabok. Darnel. 



Dronk — . 
Steud. Buffalo — (Tr.). 

Blue — , buffalo — (Na.), sweet 
- (Tr.). 
P. maximum Jacq. Buffel — . Guinea — . 

P. nigropedatum Munro Krul — (Beehuanaland). 

Pas'palum dilatatum* Poir. Breedzaad. Large water — . 
Pennise' turn cenchroides Rich. Buffel — . 
P. typhoideum* Rich. Pearl millet, Poko — . 

P. Thunhergii Kunth Napier's — . 

(P. purpurascens) 
Pha'laris canariensis* L. Kanariezaad, kwarrel — . Canary—. 
P. coerulescens* Desp. (= P. hulhosa) Toowoomba canary — . 



P. minor* Retz. 
Phragmi'tes communis Trin. 

Poa annua* L. 

Schismus fasciculatus Beauv. 

Schmidtia hulhosa Staff 

Seca'le africanum Staff 

Seta'ria sulcata Raddi 

S. verticillata* (L.) Beauv. 

Sorghum halepense Brot., 

var. ejfusum Staff 
Sporo' bolus indicus* R. Br. 
Stenota' phrum glahrum Trin. 



Small canary — . 
Riet, fluitjes 'riet, vaterlands' 
-— . Reed. 
Walk—. 
Haas — . 
Zandkweek. 
Wilde rog. 

Buffalo — (Barberton). 
Klis — [klits — ]. Bristly-fox 

tail. 
Johnson — . 



Drop-seed — (Na.). 
Grove kweek (lidjes — ). 



Buf 



falo — , coarse couch — , quick — . 



136 MONOCOTYLEDONES 

Gramina, con. 



Stipa Dregeana Stbud. Bushman — . 

Theme' da Forskalii Hack. (Anthistiria) Rooi — . Blue - - 

Tragus racemosus* All. Carrot-seed — . 

Tricholae'na rosea Nees Eed-top — . 

Trista'chya leucothrix Trin. Roodezaad. 

8. Cyperaceae. 

Carex, Scirpus, etc. 'Zegge. Sedge. 

Garpha glomerata (Thunb.) Nees Zegge. Segde. 
Cype'rus esculentus L. üintje (hoender — ). 

C. rotundus* L. Coco, uintje' kweek, 

Steentjes — . Nut-grass. 
C. textilis Thunb. Matjesgoed. 

G. usitatus BuRCH. üintje (hoender — ). 

Fici'niaradiata (L. f.) Kunth Ster'gras. 

Maris'cus capensis Schrad. Baviaans üintje. Monkey-bulb. 
Scirpus littoralis Schrad. Bies (biezen). 

S. maritimus L. Snijgras. Sedge. 

S. nodosus RoTTB. Bies (biezen). 

Tetra'ria secans C. B. Cl. Bergklapper. 

T. thermalis (L.) C. B. Cl. Bergpalmiet. 



9. P a I m a e. 

Hyphae'ne crinita Gaertn. Ilala. Fan-palm, gingerbread- 

tree. 
H. ventricosa Kirk. Dum — , fan-palm. 

Jubaeop' sis caffra Beccari Inkomba. 
Phoenix reclinata Jacq. Lisundu. Wild date-palm. 



10. A r a c e a e. 

Aco'rus calamus* L. (from E. As.) Kalmus. 
Pis'tia stratiotes L. Water-lettuce. 

Z antedes' chia aethiopica Spreng. Vark'blom. Arum-lily, 
(Richardia) calla, pig-lily, white arum. 

Z. angustilola (Schott) Engl. Yellow arum (spotted). 
Z. Elliotiana (W. Watson) Yellow arum. 



21. L e m n a c e a e. 

Lemna minor L. Duckweed. 



MONOCOTYLEDONES 137 

12. Flagellariaceae. 

Flagella'ria indica (L.) 

var. guineesis (Schum.) Engl. Kanot-grass. 

13. R e s t i a c e a e. 

Cannomois cephalotes Beauv. Bezemriet. 

C. scirpoides (Kunth.) Mast. Cape-grass. 

Dovea tectorum (L.) Mast. Dakriet. 

Elegia juncea L. Cape grasses. 

E. membranacea Kunth 

E. verticillata Kunth Bezemriet. 
Leptocarpus paniculatus Mast. Bezemriet. 

Restio giganteus (Kunth ) N. E. Br. Olifants riet. 

R. triticeus Rottb._, Bezemriet, kanett. 

R. venustulus Kunth g 

Thamnochortus dichotomus R. Br., etc. Jakhals staart. 

T. spicigerus R. Br. Olifants riet. 

T. umhellatus Kunth Cape-grass. 

16. Commelinaceae. 

Cyanotis nodiflora (L.) Kunth Wandering-jew. 

18. J u n c a c e a e. 

Juncus maritimus Lam. etc. Rush. 
Prio'nium serratum (L. f.) Diiege Palmiet. 

19. L i 1 i a c e a e. 

Agapanthus umhellatus L'Herit. Agapanthus. 
Alhu'camajorL., Geldbeursie, slijm'stok, — ' uintje, 

A. minor L., etc. tamaraka, vinkeiers. Soldier-in-the-box. 
Allium Dregeanum Kunth Wilde look. Wild leek. 
A, spiralis L. f. Krullen. 

A'loe dichotoma L. Kokerboom. 

A. ferox Mill. Alwijn, bitter-aloe. 

A. longistyla Baker Ramenas (east. Karoo). 

A. variegata L., etc. Bont'alwijn, kanniedood. 

Androcym' Mum Burchellii Baker Varkies'neus, vark'neusie. 
A. melanthioides Willd. Baviaans 'schoen, patrijsblom. 

Anthe'ricum ciliatum L. f. Wilde blomkool. 
A. hispidum L., Hotnots'kool. 

A. revolutum L. 
Asparagus africanus Lam. Wacht-een-bietje. 

A. capensis L., etc. Wild asparagus. 



138 



MONOCOTYLEDONES 



Liliaceae, con. 



A, crispus Lam. 

A. medeoloides (L.) Thunb. 

A. plumosus Bakee 

A. retrofractus L. 

A. Sprengen Ebgbl 

A, stipulaceus Lam. 



Kruik 'ransie. Smilax (Cape). 
Cape-smilax ( England ) . 
Feathery asparagus, satisfaction. 
Katdoorn. 

Drooping asparagus. 
Katdoorn. 
A. strictus Thunb. (deformed by a gall.) Baviaans' appel. 

A. Thunlyergianus Schult. pil. Wacht-een-bietje. 
Bnlhi'ne alooides (L.) Willd. Rooi wortel. 

B. asphodeloides (L.) Roem. & Schult. etc. Wilde kapiva, 

B. caespitosa Baker geel kattestaart. 

B. mesemhrianthemoides Haw. Waterglas. 
B. praemorsa Roem. & Schult. Slijmstok, — uintje. 
Bulhinel'la rohusta Kunth Zeeroog'kattestaart, zwart'turk 
Dipca'di hyacinthoides (Berg.) Baker Jig-a-jig, curly-curl j. 
Dipi'dax ciliata (L.) Baker Hanekammetje, vleiblommetje. 
Dri'mia ciliaris Jacq.^ Jeuk'bol, — 'ui. 

D. media Jacq. 
Eriosper' mum Bellendeni Sweet Elephant's-ear. 



E. cernuum Baker^ etc. 
E. latifoUum Jacq. 
E. spec. ? 

Eiicomis (in general) 
Gdste'ria acinacifoUa Haw. 
G. nitida (Salm-Dyck) Haw. 
Glorio'sa superha L. 
G. virescens Lindl. 



Paardeklauw. 
Baviaans 'oor, olif ants' 
Beeste klauw. 
Krullekop. 
Bout kouterie. 
Kannidood. Rice-plant. 
Superb-lily, Turk's-cap. 
Superb-lily. 



Knipho'fia occidcntalis Berger Soldaat, vuurpijl. Red-hot 
K. uvaria (L.) Hook. etc. poker, soldiers, torch-lily. 



Lachena'lia aurea Lindl. 
L. contaminata Ait. 

(L. hyacinthoides) 
L. orchioides (L.) Ait. 
L. ruMda^ Jacq. 

L. tricolor Thunb. 
Masso'nia Bowkeri Baker 
M. latifolia L. f. 



Gele nagels, 
Wild hyacinth. 

Groen viooltje. Wild hyacinth. 
Bergnagel, rooi 'nagels, 

— 'viooltje, zand'kalossie. 
Klip 'belletje, — 'kalossie. 
Abrahamsbook. 
Veldschoenblaren. 
Ornitho'galum flavissimum J ACQ. Snake-flower (Na.). 
O. speciosum Baker Nacht 'slang, pampoentje. 

Snake-flower (Nam.). 
O. thyrsoides Jacq. Chinkerichee, wit viooltje 

Star-of-Bethlehem. 



MONOOOTYLEDONES 139 

Liliaceae, con. 

Ornithoglo'ssum viride (L.) Dryand. Slangkop (Cape). 
Sanderso'nia aurantiaca Hook. Chinese-lantern lily (Na.). 
^ansevie'ria thyrsi-flora TnuNB.Kafferwortel. Pile-root. 
^cilla lanceac folia (Jacq.) Baker Wild Squill. 
iS. rigidifolia Kunth Wild squill. 

Tulha'gMa alUacea Thunb. Wilde knoflook. Wild garlic. 
Urgi'nea altissima (L. f.) Baker Maarman (magerman). 
U. Burkei Baker Slangkop (Tr.). 

U. macrocentra Baker Slangkop (Na.). 

U. sanguinea Schinz Krimpziekte' blaar. 

Whiteheadia liflora (Jacq.) Baker Baviaans' schoen. 
Wurm'hea capensis Thunb. Kaffert je, zwartkoppie. 
W. capensis, Peper-en-zout. 

var. marginata Baker 



20. Haemodoraceae. 

uintje. I 

hand. 



Cyanella alha L. f. Toe-toe. 

0. capensis L. Raap'tol, —'uintje. Lady's 

hand. 

C lutea L. p. Five-fingers. 

Lanaria plumosa (L.) Ait. Kapokblom, paarde'kapok. 
Wachendorfia paniculata L. Kooi'kanol, spinnekop'blom. 

21. Amaryllidaceae. 

Agave americana* L. Garenboom. Agave, American 

aloe, century-plant. 
Amaryllis Belladonna L. Maart'lelie. Amaryllis, bella- 

donna-lily. 
Apodolirion Buchanani Baker Natal crocus. 
Brunsvigia gigantea Heist. Kandelaarblom, lantanter, maart- 
B. Josephinae Gawl. blom, zeeroog — . Candelabra- 

flower. 
Buphane ciliaris Herb. Zeeroog'blom. 

B. disticha (L. f.) Herb. Gif tbol, zeeroog blom. 
Crinum longifolium (L.) Thunb. Zeeroog'blom. Orangeriver- 

lily. 
Guraaigo plicate^ (L.) Dryand. in Ait. Sterretje. Golden 

autumn-^tar. 
Gyrtanthus angustifoUus Ait. Brand 'lelie. 

C. lutescens Herb. White Ifafa-lily. 

G. oUiquus Ait. Justifina. Sore-eye flower (Na), 

0. parviflorus Baker Red Dobo-lily (Na). 



140 



MONOCOTYLEDONES 



Amaryllidae, con. 



C. sanguineus Hook. 
C. spiralis Burch. 
Oethyllis ciliaris L. f., 

G. spiralis L. f. etc. 
Haemanthus, several species 
H. alhiflos Jacq.^ 

H. coccineiis L. etc. 
H. coccineus L. Maart 'blom, 

H. natalensis Pappe 

Hessea stellaris (Jacq.) Herb. 

Hypoxis stellata L. f. etc. 

H. villosa L. f. 

Nerine sarniensis Herb. 

Vallota purpurea Herb. Bei 



Fire-lily (Na), If af a — Kei — 
Varken 'staart. 
Kukumakranka (bramakanka^ 



April-fool. 
Poeder 'kwast. 



Paintbrush. 



schoenzolen, veldschoen' blaren. 
Rode kwast, mistrijder's blom. 
Blood-flower, snake-lily. 
Sambrieltje. 
Sterretje. 

Inktbol (Knysna). 
Guernsey lily. Nerina. 
'glelie. George-lily, Knysna — , 



22. V e 1 1 o z i a c e a e. 

Barhacenia retinervis (Baker) Engl. Baviaan's=staart. 

23. Dioscoraceae. 

Testudinaria elephantipes Burch. 'Nakaa, olifantsvoet, schild- 
pad. Elephant's foot. 



24. I r i d a c e a e. 



Ker 



Antholy'za aethiopica 
A. Merianella L. 
A. nervosa Thunb. 
A. praealta DC. 

A. revoluta Burm. 
Aristea capitata (L.) 
Babia'na (in general) 

B. macrantha MacOwan 
nana Ker 
plicata Ker 

pygmaea (Burm.) Baker 
ringens (L.) Ker 
stricta (Ait.) Ker 
villosa (Soland.) Ker 

Bohar'tia spathacea (Thunb 
Diera'ma ensifolium Koch & 



.) 



Zuurkanol. 
Flames. 

l^lok, karkaarblom. 
Zuurkanol. 

Suikerkan. Ked africander. 
Blauw zuurkanol. 
Babiaantje. 
Geel babiaantje. 
= B. pygmaea. 
Babiaans'uintje. 
Klip'uintje. 
Hanekam, rattestaart. 
Babiaans'uintje, kat jet ie. 
Rooi babiaantje. 
Ker Biesroei. 



Bouche Fairy-bell, grassy — , 
hair — , wedding — . 



MONOCOTYLEDONES 



141 



Iridaceae, con. 

Ferra'ria undulata L. etc. Krulletje, splnnekopblom, 

uiltje. 
Free' sta refracta (Jacq.) Klatt Aandblom, flissie, kammetje. 

Buttercup, freesia. 
Geissorhi'za graminifolia Baker Wit zijdeblom, — zijsie. 
(r. hirta Ker 
Gladiolus alatus L. 
Q. licolor (EcKL.) Baker 
G. hlandus Ait. 



G. Bolusii Baker 
G. hrevifolius Jacq. 
G. cardinalis Gurt. 
G. dehilis Ker , 

G. hastatus Thunb. etc. 
G. edulis Burch. etc. 

G. formosus Klatt 
G. gracilis Jacq. 
G. grandis Thunb. 

G. hastatus Thunb. 
G. hirsutus Jacq. 



G. 



G 



hyalinus Jacq. 
{G. strictus) 

involutus Del. 
G. maculatus Sweet 
G. orchidiflorus Andr. 
G. psittacinus Hook. 
G. recurvus L. 



Zijde'blom, (zij' — ), zijsie. 
Kalkoen t je, kipkippers. 
Geel kalkoen t je. 
Berg 'pij pie. White africander, 
painted lady. 
Tulbagh bell. 
Rooi 'pij pie. 

Nieuwjaars 'blom, waterval' — . 
Painted lady. 

Klein aandblom, patrijs 'uint je. 
Small africander. 
Paars 'kalkoent je. 
Zand'pijpie (Flats). 
Aan d' pij pie, reebok 'blom. 

Large brown africander. 
Vlei 'pij pie. 

Zandveld' lelie (Glnw.). Pink 
africander. 
Klip' lelie, — pijpie. 



G. spathaceus Pappb 

G. tenellus Jacq. 

G. trichonemifolius Ker 

G. tristis L. 

G. tristis L. var 



Blue bell (George). 
Small brown africander. 
Groen kalkoentje, vaal — . 
Natal lily. 

Zand 'lelie, — pijpie (Cedar 
mts.). Mauve africander. 
Bak'pijpie. Blue bell (Cldn.). 
Brown africander (Bokkeveld). 
Geel 'pijpie. 

Reebok 'blom, vlei-aand' — . 
concolor Salisb. Aandblom, trompetter. 



G. villosus Ker. etc. 
G. Watsonius Thunb. 
Hesperan ' tha cinnamomea 
E. falcata (Thunb.) Ker 
H. radiata Ker etc. 



Blauw 'pijpie. Lapmouse. 
Rooi 'pijpie. Red africander. 
Ker Kaneelblom, kaneeltje. 
Avondblommetje ( aandblom ) . 
Evening-flower. 



142 



MONOCOTYLEDONES 



Iridaceae, con. 



Hexaglo'ttis longifoUa (Jacq.) Vent. Vogelstruis'uintje, 

zwartbast' — , zwart — . 



Home' r ia aurantiaca Sweet 

H. collina Vent. 

H. miniata Sweet 

H. pallida Baker 

I'sna flexuosa L. 

I. maculata L. etc. 



I. ovata Klatt 
I. viridiflora, Lam. 
Lapeyrou'sia coryml^osa (L.) 
L. flssifolia Ker 
Melasphae'rula graminea (L 
Morae'a hituminosa (L. p.) 
M. edulis Ker 
M, Pavonia (L.) Ker 



Rooi tulp. Red tulip. 
Geel tulp. Yellow tulip. 
Rooi tulp. Red tulip. 
Transvaal tulp. 
Korenblom. 

Geel kalossie (klossie). Yellow 

Ixia. 
Rooi kalossie. Red Ixia. 
Groen kalossie. Green Ixia. 
Ker Korenblom. 
Nageltjes. 
p.) Ker Baard 'mannetje. 
Ker Teeruin t je. 
Uintje. 
Pauw 'blom, uiltje. 



Peacock 
flower. 



Ker 



M, polystachya Ker 

M. setacea (Thunb.) 

M. spathacea Ker 

M. tricuspis Ker 

M. tripetala (L. pil.) Baker 

M. viscaria (L. p.) Ker 

M. several spec. 

Romulea rosea (Murr.) Eckl. 



Blauw tulp. 
Bok 'uintje. 
(non Thunb.) Nokha. 
Riet 'uintje. 

Klein uiltje, paarde 'uintje 
Teer'uintje. 
Wever t je. 
etc. Frutang 



Baker 



knikkert je 
(West), spruitje. 
Paars kalkoentje. 



Spar a' wis grandiflora Ker 

var. atropurpurea (Klatt) 
^. grandiflora Ker Wit kalossie, boterblom. 

var. Liliago (Red.) Baker Buttercup (Cape). 

S. tricolor Ker Fluweelblom, fluweeltje. 

Trito'nia crocata (L.) Ker Rooi kalkoentje, — kalossie. 
T, scillaris (L.) Baker, 

T. undulata (Burm.) 
Watso'nia angusta Ker 
W. hwnilis Mill. 
W. Meriana (L.) Mill. 
W. iridifolia Ker 
W. rosea Ker 
W. rosea var. alha 
W, marginata (L. p.) Ker 
Witse'nia maura (L.) Thunb. 



Agretje, weeskinners. 
Baker Vliegers. 

Rooipijpie. 
Was'pijpie. 
Lak 'pij pie. 

Zuur'kanol ( — 'knol). 
Rooi'pijpie, zuurkanol. 
Arderne's Watsonia. 
Kanol'pijpie. 
Waaiertje. 



MONOCOTYLEDONES 143 

25. M u s a c e a e. 

Musa Davy ana Staff Wild banana (Tr.). 

M. Living stoniana Kirk Wild banana (Tr.). 

Strelit'zia augusta Thunb. Witte pisang. Bird-of-paradise 

flower, wild banana (Knysna). 
S, Reginae Ait. Gele pisang. Bird-of-paradise 

flower. 

26. Zingiberaceae. 

Kaempfe'ria Ethelae Wood Sherungulu. 
K. natalensis Schlbchtbr Natal ginger. 

28. O r c h i d a c e a e. 

BarthoU'na pectinata (L.) R. Br. Spider-orchid. 

Bonatea speciosa Willd. Green wood-orchid. 

Cynor'chis compacta (Reichb. f.) Rolfe Swan-orchid. 

Disa cornuta Swartz Golden-orchid. 

D. ferruginea (Thunb.) Swartz Gluster-disa. 

D. graminifolia Kbb Blue disa. 

D. longicornu L. f. Drip-disa, mauve — . 

D. gpathulata Sw. Ou'pa-pijp. Begging-hand. 

D. undflora Berg. Bakkies'blom. Red disa, 

Pride-of -Table Mountain. ^ 
Dispe'ris capensis (L. f.) Swartz etc. Moederkappie. 
D. Fanniniae Harv. etc. Grannie 'bonnet. 

Holo'thrix Burchellü (Lindl.^ Reichb. f. Jakhals 'staart. 
H. Lindleyana Reichb. f. etc. Tryphia. 
Mystaci' dium flUcorne Lindl. Tree-orchid. 
Pterygo' dium catholicum Sw. Mamma 'kappie, ouma' — . 
Saty'rium carneum R. Br. Rooi'trewa. 
8. coriifolium Sw. Ewa'trewa, ou'ma-trewa. 

Schizodium flexuosum (L. f.) Lindl. Butter-and-eggs. 
S. inflexum Lindl. etc. Kapotje. 



PART in. 
Foreign Plants cultivated in the open 



This list is given only as an accessory to the book. Owing to the wide 
extent of the country and the widely different climate of its various parts» 
almost all plants of the temperate and sub-tropical regions of both hemi- 
spheres as well as a number of tropical species can be reared here under 
proper cultivation. To enumerate them all would require far too much 
space. For Natal a separate list would be desirable, but we cannot 
include that here, especially as there are two books available which 
supply this information to some extent, viz. Dr. MEDLEY WOOD'S 
"Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Natal Botanic Garden" and 
Mr. T. R. SIM'S "Flowering trees and shrubs in South Africa," 1917. 



PAET III. 

FOREIGN PLANTS 

CULTIVATED IN THE OPEN. 



In order to facilitate correct accentuation of the Latin 
names adopted hy horticulturists ^ the accent has heen placed 
after the syllable or vowel requiring it, thus '^ Bal' via'* 

Aardappel = Potato. 

Aardbei = Strawberry. 

Aardbei-boom = Arbutus. 

Aard 'noot = Earth-nut. 

Abe'üa. A. uniflora, etc. (Caprifoliac). China. 

Abrikoos = Apricot. 

Abutilon. Various species, e.g. A. Darwini (Malvac.) S. Amer. 

Aca'cia (Legum.). Numerous indigenous and Australian 

species. See part I: Mimosa, thorntree. Port Jackson 

willow, wattle, rooi krans. 
Acaly'pha. Varieties with red foliage, e.g. A. marginata 

(Euphorb.). 
Acan'thus. Mostly A. mollis (Acanthac.) S. Eur. 
Achille'a. A. Millefolium (yarrow) etc. (Comp.). Eur. 
Agerat'um. A. mexicanum (Comp.) Mex. 
Agretta v. Agretje (part I.). 
Afrikanen (in Holland) == African marigold q.v. 
Aga've (part I.). 

XiUnthus glandulosa {^\m2iYv\}.). China. " Tree of heaven.'' 
Air plant. Tillandsia v. Kanniedood (part I). 
Ajuin = Onion. 
Akkermeisie. Leucojum aestivum, otherwise known here as 

Snowdrop. (Engl. Snowflake). 
Alder (part I.). 
Alfalfa = Lucerne. 
Algaroba ( — bean). Prosopis juUflora, An arborescent 

fodder-bean from the Argentine. Also called Mesquite. 



146 FOREIGN PLANTS 

Alkanet. Anchusa officinalis (Boragin). S. Eur. 

Alpi'nia, A. nutans. (Zingib.) India. 

Aloca'sia, A. macrorrhiza (Aroid.) India. 

Alstroemeria (Amaryllidac). A. aurantiaca, etc. Chili. 

A!3'ssuin, Sweet — . A. mar it imum (Crucif.) . Eur. 

Amandel = Almond. 

Amaryllis. There is only one species, viz. our A. Belladonna 

q.v. The garden plants called — are mostly species of 

Hippeastrum. S. Amer. 
Almond. Amygdalus communis (Rosac.) S. Eur. 
Amaranth (part I.). 
Anchusa. A. italica (perennial). (Borragin.). Medit. v. also 

Alkanet. 
Anemone (Ranunculac). Several foreign species e.g. 

A. fulgens (Medit.) and A. japonica (E. Asia). 
Anjelier v. Pink (part I.). 

Antirrhi'num. A. majus (Scrophul.) S. Eur. Snapdragon. 
Appelkoos = Apricot. 
Apple. Pirns malus (Rosac.) Eur. 
Apricot. Prunus armeniaca (Rosac.) Asia Minor. 
Arabis (Crucif.). A. alhida, etc. S. Russia. 
Aralia v. Fatsia. 

Arauca'ria. Most frequently A. excelsa, see Coniferae. 
Ar'butus (Ericac.) A. TJnedo. Medit. 

Arrowroot. Maranta arundinacea (Marantac). Trop. Amer. 
Artichoke (Globe). Cynara Scolymus (Comp.) N. Afr. 
„ (Jerusalem). Helianthus tuherosus (Comp.) N. Amer. 
Arum. (Araceae). A. Dracunculus^ the dragon-plant from S. 

Eur., and A, palaestinum from Asia Minor. Both with 

lurid and foetid flowers. 
Asparagus v. part I. 

Aspidistra (Liliac). A. elatior, Japan. Called the Iron 

plant. 
Aster. Callistyphus hortensis (Comp.) China. 
Avocado pear. Persea gratissima (Laurac.) C. Amer. 
Aza'lea. (Ericac). Various species. Asia Minor, India, etc. 

Bachelor's buttons v. Globe amaranth (part I.). 

Balsam. Impatiens Balsamina (Balsam.) India. 

Bamboo (bamboes) v. part I. 

Banana. Musa sapientum (Musac.) Trop. For ornamental 

groups M. Ensete. 
Barley. Eordeum sativum (Gram.) Originally derived from 

E. spontaneum (India). 
Bay tree. Laurus noMlis (Laurac.) Medit. 



FOREIGN PLANTS 147 

Bead tree. Melia Azedarach (Meliac.) India. 

Bean. Numerous species and varieties of Leguminosae. The 

so-called French — , Phaseolus vulgaris (S. Amer.) ; the 

Scarlet runner, P. multiflorus (P. coccineus) S. Amer, the 

Broad — , Vicia Faha (Eur.) ; the Soya — , Glycine hispida 

China. The Hyacinth — , Dolichos Lablab (India). The 

Kaiïir — , Yigna sinensis. Snijboontje = French bean. 
Bebroeide eiers v. Abutilon. 
Beef -wood. Casuarina Cunninghamiana, etc. (Casuarin.) 

India, Austral. & E. Afr. Often called G. equisetifolia. 
Beet. Beta vulgaris. (Chenopod.) N. Eur. Various cultivated 

varieties, e.g., red — , sugar — , mangold (mangelwurzel). 
Begonia. 350 species, mostly tropical, a few only hardy enough 

for outdoor cultivation, e.g. B. Evansiana (China). 
Beiombra (bella sombra) tree. Phytolacca dioica (Phytol.) 

S. Amer. 
Bessieboom = Bead tree. 

Bigno'nia. Several species, esp. B. australis (Bignon.). 
Billber'gia. B. nutans (Bromeliac.) Brazil. 
Blue bottle == Cornflower. 
Blue tree =Jacaranda. 
Boekweet = Buckwheat. 
Boon =Bean. 

Borage. Borago officinalis (Boragin.) E. Medit. 
Bottle brush. GaJUstemon salignus, etc. (Myrtac.) Austral. 
Bougainvil'lea (Nyctaginac). B. spectahilis in several 

varieties. Brazil. 
Bouvar'dia (Rub.). B. ternifolia. C. Amer. 
Box. Buxiis sempervirens (Buxac). S. Eur. 
Brazil cherry. Eugenia hraziliensis (Myrtac). S. Amer. 
Bridal wreath. Boussingaultia haselloides (Basellaceae, 

allied to Portulac.) S. Amer. 
Brinjal = Egg plant. 
Broom. Several spec, of Gytinus (Papil.). The common 

English — , is G. scoparius, the Spanish — , Spartium 

junceum. Medit. 
Brunfel'sia. B. americana etc. (Solan.). Trop. America. 
Buckwheat. Fagopyrum esculentum (Chenopod.). C. Asia. 

Cabbage. Brassica oleracea (Cruciferae) Cult, forms are 
Cabbage, cauliflower, kale, broccoli, kohlrabi; originally 
from S. Eur. 

Cactus. Various species of Opuntia, Gereus, EchinocactuSf 
Melocactus, etc, from C. Amer. Sometimes erroneously 
applied to species of Euphorbia and Hoodia. 



148 FOREIGN PLANTS 

Caesalpinia. 0. pulcherrima (Legum.). West Indies. 
Cala'dium. Most frequently C. hicolor (Arac). Brazil. 
Calceola'ria. Garden plants in many var., mostly derived 

from C. integrifolia and C. corymhosa (Scrophul.). 

S. Amer. 
Calendula v. Marigold. 

Camel'lia. (Ternstroemiaceae). C. japonica. E. Asia. 
Campanula v. Canterbury bells and Platycodon. 
Camphor tree. Cinnamomum Camphora (Laurac). E. Asia. 

Some fine trees in the Stellenbosch district. 
Canary creeper. Tropaeolum aduncum (Tropaeolac). S. Amer. 
Candytuft. Iheris sempervirens (Cruciferae). S. Eur. 
Canna. C. indica (Cannae.) India. 

Canterbury bells. Campanula Medium (Campanulac.) Eur. 
Carnation. Dianthus Caryophyllus (Caryophyll.). S. Eur. 
Carob bean. Ceratonia Siliqua (Legum.). E. Medit. 
Carrot. Daucus Carota (Umbellif.). Eur. 
Cassia (Legum.). Frequent C. laevigata (C. florida) from 

Brazil, also C. siamea (Trop. Asia). 
Casuarina v. Beefwood. 

Catalpa (Bignoniac). C. hignonioides. N. Amer. 
Cauliflower v. Cabbage. 

Cayenne pepper. Capsicum annuum, etc. (Solanac.) S. Amer. 
Ceano'thus. C. florihiuidus, etc. (Rhamnac). N. Amer. 
Celery. Apium graveolens ( L^mbellif . ) . Eur. 
Celos'ia v. Cockscomb. 
Century plant v. Agave (part I.). 
Centaurea (Comp.). C. Cyanus, the corn flower. G. moschata, 

C. odorata, etc., the Sweet Sultan. Asia Minor. 
Centranthus (Red valerian). (Valerianae). C. ruher, also 

with white flowers, occasionally half-wild. 
Cereus grandifloruSy etc. Night-blooming cactus. Mex. 
Cestrum, most frequently C. nocturnum (Solanac.) Poisonous. 

Mexico. 
Ceylon rose = Oleander. 

Chelo'ne. G. glabra (Turtle-head) (Scrophular.). N. Amer. 
Cherry. Prunus C erasus (Rosac.) Eur. 
Chestnut. Castanea viilgaris (Fagaceae). S. Eur. 
Chicory. Gichorium Intyhus (Comp.). Eur. 
Chilli. Capsicum minimum. (Solan.). Tropics, v. also 

Cayenne pepper. 
Christmas rose v. Hydrangea. 

Christ's thorn. Paliurus aculeatus (Rhamnac.) Asia Minor. 
Chrysanthemum. C. sinense from E. Asia in many varieties. 

See also Marigold (part I.). 



FOREIGN PLANTS 149 

Cinera'ria. Many varieties produced from Senecio Cineraria. 

Medit. 

Citrus fruits. The home of the genus Citrus (Rutaceae) is 
S.E. Asia. The principal cultivated species are: 
C. aurantium, in 2 varieties, viz., var. amara, the Bitter 
orange, also called Seville orange {C. Bigaradia)^ and 
var. dulcis, the Orange, cultivated in a number of forms, 
e.g., Malta — or Blood — , Navel — , etc. 
C. medica, the Lemon (Zuur lemoen) and Lime. 
0. decumana, the Shaddock (Pompelmoes). 
C. nohilis, the Mandarine (Naartje). 

None of these were known to the ancient Greeks or 
Romans. The lemon (variety "Cedra") reached Italy 
about the year 300. The orange was brought to 
Europe by the Portuguese in the 16th century. 

Clarkia (Oenotheraceae). C. eleganSy etc. California. 

Clema'tis. C. Viticella etc. (RanuncuL). Spain, v. also part I. 

Clover (cult.) Several species of Trifolium (Legum.). 
T. pratense (Red — ), T. allum (White — ), T. incarnatum 
(Crimson — ) and T. hyhridiim (Alsike — ) Eur. 

Cobaea (Polemoniac). C. scandens. Mex. 

Cock's-comb. Celosia cristata (Amarant.) Eur. 

Coffee. Coffea araMca (Rub.) and some other species. 
Formerly also cultivated in Natal. 

Coleus (Lab.). C . Blumei, etc. Java. 

Coloca'sia. C. antiquorum (Arac.) India. The so-called Yam, 
along water-furrows of the coastal districts. 

Columbine. Aquilegia vulgaris, etc. (Ranunculac.) N. Eur. 

Coniferae. Many species occasionally (from various parts of 
the world). Frequent are: Pinas Pinea (Medit.), the 
Stone-pine (Den'pijn) ; P. pinaster (P. maritima) 
(Medit.), the Cluster pine (Zee'den); P. halepensis 
(Medit.), the Aleppo-pine; P. canariensis, the Canary 
Islands pine; P. insignis, from California. On T. Mt. etc. 
P. silvestris, the Scotch fir (Grove den). Cuprcssus 
sempervirens (Medit.), the Cypress found in many old 
graveyards, now more frequently C. macrocarpa, 
(Monterey — ) from California. Thuja orientalis, the 
Arbor Vitae from China; Araucaria excelsa, the Norfolk 
Islands pine, from the southern Australian islands; 
A. imhricata, the Monkey-puzzle from Chili, and others 
from America and New Zealand; Taxodium distichum, 
the Swamp cypress, from Virginia. 

CalU'tris cupressiformis, the Oyster bay pine, and 
C. rohusta, etc. from Australia ; Cryptomeria japonica etc. ; 



150 FOREIGN PLANTS 

Cedrus deodora (Himalayas) and C. atlanticaj the Atlas 

cedar. 
Convolvulus V. Morning glory. Also other species. 
Coreop'sis. Several species, esp. G. tinctoria (Comp.), with 

a dark brown centre of the capitulum. N. Amer. 
Cornflower. Centaurea Cyanus (Comp.). Eur. 
Corynocar'pus. C. laevigatus. (Corynocarpaceae, near 

Aquifoliac). New. Zeal. Poisonous. 
Cosmos (Comp.). Mostly C. Mpinnatus from Mexico. 
Cotton. Especially Oossypium herhaceum (India) and 

G. peruvianum (Brazil). Malvaceae. 
Cow-pea. Vigna sinensis (Papil.). E. Asia. 
Crabs 'eyes v. Love bean (part I). 
Cress V. Water — , Indian — , etc. 
Crinum (Amaryllid.). Various indigenous (v. part I) and 

foreign species, e.g. G. pedunculatum (Austral.). 
Cucumber v. Gourds. 

Custard apple. Anona reticulata (Anonac). W. Indies. 
Cypress v. Coniferae. 
Cy'clamen (Primulaceae). Numerous species from S. Eur., 

Asia Minor, etc., e.g., G. europaeum from the Alps. 
Cydo'nia (Rosac.) G. japonica. From E. Asia. Several 

varieties of colour. 

Daffodil. Narcissus Pseudonarcissus (Amaryllid.) Eur. 

Dahlia (Comp.). D. variabilis, etc. Mexico. 

Daisy. The British — , Bellis perennis; the Oxeye — 
(gardens), Ghrysanthemum Leucanthemum (part I.). 

Dandelion (Comp.). Taraxacum dens leonis. Eur. 

Daphne (Thymel.). D. odora, from Japan, one of the ever- 
green species. D. Genkwa {D. Fortunei) flowering in a 
leafless condition (like the common English D. Mezereum). 
From China. 

Date V. Palms. 

Datura v. Moonflower. 

Delphi'nium (Ranuncul.) D. Ajacis. Switzerland. 

Den V. Conifers. 

Deutzia ( Saxif ragac. ) D. crenata, Japan. 

Diervil'lea (Weige'lia). D. rosea (Caprifoliac). China. 

Doddegras = Timothy v. Grasses. 

Dracae'na (Liliac). One indigenous species, others in trod. 

Dragon plant. Arum Dracunculus (Arac). S. Eur. 

Duranta (Verben.). D. Plumieri. S. Amer. 

Dutchman's pipe. Aristolochia Sipho (Aristol.). N. Amer. 



FOREIGN PLANTS 151 

Earth-nut. Arachis hypogaea (Legum.). Brazil. 
„ pea. Voandzeia suhterranea (Legum.). G. Afr. 

Echeveria. E. metallica (Crassulac). Mex. 

E'chium (Borragin.). E. giganteum, etc. Ganary Islands. 

Egg plant. Solanum melolonga (Solan.). S. Amer. 

Eikenboom = Oak. 

Eik (Turksche). Quercus Cerris. Medit. 

Elder. Samhucus nigra (Gaprifoliac). Eur. 

Elm. Occasionally in sheltered spots Ulmus montana 
(Ulmac). Eur. 

Els V. Alder. 

Endive. Cichorium Endivia {Oom.^.), India. 

Epiphyllum (Cact.). E. truncatum. S. Amer. 

Erigeron. E. speciosum (Gomp.). N. Amer. 

Erwt = Pea. 

Erythrina. Several indigenous species. In gardens often 
E. Crista galli (Legumin.). Brazil. 

Eschschol'tzia (Papaver.). E. californica. N. Amer. 

Eucalyptus (gums). About 160 species in Australia. 
Frequently planted in South Africa are E. globulus, the 
Blue gum, also called Fevertree, because it has proved 
itself very effective for rendering swampy localities 
habitable by drying them up (Algeria, Italy) ; 
E. amygdalina (Peppermint — ); E. cornuta (Yate — ); 

E. corynocalyx (Sugar — ); E. ficifolia (Crimson- 
Flowering — ) in several shades of red; E. rostrata (Red 
— ) ; E. viminalis (Willow — ). 

Euphorbia (Euphorbiac). E. splendens. Madag. 
Euvo'nymus. E. japonica with variegated foliage. 

( Gelastrinac. ) . Japan. 
Evening primrose v. part T. 

Fatsia (Araliac). F. japonica, E. Asia. 

Ficus. Several tropical species from G. Afr. and India, e.g., 

F. elastica. See also Fig and Sycamore. 
Fig. Ficus Carica (Morac). S. Eur. 

Fir V- Gonifers. 

Flamboyant. Poinciana regia (Legum.). Madagascar. 

Flame tree. ^terculia acerifolia (Brachychiton) . 

(Sterculiac). Mex. 
Flax. Linum usitatissimum (Linac). Eur. 
Florida water-pest = Water-hyacinth. 
Forget me not v. part I. 
Forsy'thia. F. suspensa, etc. (Oleac). China. 



152 FOREIGN PLANTS 

Fourcroya (Amaryll.). F. gigantea from Mexico = Mauritius 

hemp. 
Four o'clock. Mirahilis Jalapa (Nyctagin.). S. Amer. 
Foxglove. Digitalis purpurea (Scrophul.). Eur. 
Fuch'sia. Various species from S. Amer. (Onagraceae), esp.: 

F. fulgens with tubular flowers, F. coccinea, F. glohosa 

and F. Riccartoni in many varieties. 
Furze (Gorse). Ulex europaeus (Legum.) 

Gai liar 'dia. (Comp.) G. picta. N. Amer. 

Gardenia v. Katjepiering. 

Garlic. Allium sativum (Lil.). E. India. 

Gaura. G. Lindheimeri (OenothersiC.) . N. Amer. 

Geranium v. part I. 

Gerst = Barley. 

Geum. G. Chiloense (Rosac). S. Amer. 

Giant reed. Arundo Donax. N.E. Air. 

Gilia. G. coronopifolia (perennial). (Polemoniac). N. Amer. 

Ginger. Zingiber officinale (Zingib.). E. Indies. 

Gingko. G. hiloha. (Gingkoac, an order intermediate between 
Cycadaceae and Coniferae), China. 

Gledit'schia. G. triacanthos (Legum.). N. Amer. 

Gloxi'nia (gardeners'). Most varieties derived from Sinningia 
speciosa (Gesneraceae). Brazil. 

Gode'tia (Onagraceae). G. Willdenowiana. N. Amer. 

Golden feather v. Pyrethrum. 

Golden rod. Solidago virga aurea (Comp.). Eur. 
„ willow V. Rooikrans (part I.). 

Gooseberry (Barbadoes — ) Peireskia aculeata (Cact.). 

W. Indies. 

Gooseberry (Cape — ) (part I.). 

Gourds (Cucurbitaceae). Cucumis sativus, the Cucumber 
(Komkommer) from North India; C. Melo, the Sweet 
melon, originally from N. India. Citrullus vulgaris, the 
Kaffir water-melon (S.A.), also the sweet Water- 
melon. Gucurhita moschata, the Musk-melon 
( Spaans' spek ) ; G. Pepo, the Pumpkin (Pompoen), in 
many varieties and subspecies, one of them being the 
Vegetable marrow, others grown for ornamental pur- 
poses, viz., the Apple—, pear — orange-gourd; G. melopepo, 
the Squash, all three species from C. Amer. Lagenaria 
vulgaris, the Kalabash, probably from Abyssinia. Sechium 
edule, the Climbing gourd, fruit used as a vegetable. 
Trichosanthes anguina, the Snake gourd of India, when 
young used as a vegetable. Also called the Guada-bean 



FOREIGN PLANTS 153 

OP Solomons Islands gourd and praised in pompous 
advertisements for its numerous fruits "each sufiBcient 
for a family meal." Grown in subtropical regions as a 
curiosity. 

Grape vine. Vitis vinifera (Vitac.) S. Eur. Often grafted on 
V. riparia and other N. Amer. species. 

Grenadilla. Passiflora quadrangularis and others (Passiflor.). 
Brazil. 



GRASSES: {For others v. part I). 

Bamboo (gardens). Bamhusa Balcooa. India. 
Bird seed v. Canary grass (part I.). 
Boer manna. ^eMria italica var. germanica. Eur. 
Cocksfoot. Dactylis glomerata. Eur. 
Fescue (Tall). Festuca arundinacea. Eur. 
Imfeh = Suiker riet. 
Kaffir corn. Sorghum vulgar e , Tropics. 
Kentucky blue grass. Poa pratensis. Eur. 
Kikuya grass. Pennisetum longistylum. 
Meadow foxtail Alopecurus pratensis. Eur. 
Oat grass (Tall). Arrhenatherum elating (Fransch 

raaigras). 
Pampas grass. Cortaderia argentea. S. Amer. 
Spanish reed. Arundo Donax. Medit. 
Suiker riet. Sorghum saccharatum. Tropics. 
Teff. Poa (Eragrostis) ahyssinica. Abess. 
Teosinte. Euchlaena mexicana. Mex. 
Timothy. Phleum pratense. Eur. 

Grevil'lea (Proteaceae). G. rohusta. E. Austral. 
Ground nut = Earth nut. 

Guava. Psidium Guayava (Myrtac). West Indies. 
Guelder rose. Cultivated var. of Yilurnum Opulus (Caprifol.). 

Eur. 
Gums V. Eucalyptus. 

Gypso'phila. Mostly G. paniculata and G. elegans 
(Caryophyll.). S. Eur. 

Habrotham'nus (Solanac). Allied to Oestrum. Frequent in 

gardens H. roseum and H. elegans. Mexico. 
Ha'kea (Proteaceae). H. suaveolens, etc., Australia. 
Haver == Oats. 



154 FOREIGN PLANTS 

Hawthorn. Crataegus oxyacantha (Ros.). Eur. Another 

species with persistent clusters of orange fruits is 

0. pyracantha from S. Eur. 
Hazelnut. Gorylus avellana (Betulaceae). N. Eur. 
Hedychium (Zingib.) H. Gardnerianum. India. 
Heliotrope (Boragin.). Heliotropiiim peruvianum. S. Amer. 
Hemerocariis (Lil.). H. fulva. Eur.-Asia. 
Hemp (Hennep) Cannabis mtiva (Urticac). India. 
Hibis'cus. Various species. In gardens most frequently 

H. Rosa sinensis. (Malvac.) E. Asia. 
Hippeas'trum (Amaryllidac). H. equestre, etc., often called 

"Amaryllis." Trop. Amer. 
Holly. (D. Hulst). Ilex Aquifolium (Aquifoliac). Eur. 
Hollyhock. Althaea rosea (Malv.). Asia Minor. 
Honesty. Lunaria biennis (Orucif.). Eur. 
Honey locust tree = Gleditschia. 
Honeysuckle. Lonicera (part I.). 
Hoornpapaver (Horned poppy). Glaucium ftavum 

(Papaver.). Asia Minor. 
Horse chestnut. Aesculus Hippocastanum (Order 

Sapindales). Greece. 
„ radish. Cochlearia Armoracia. (Crucif.) S. Eur. 
Hyacinth v. part T. 

Hydrangea (Saxifragac). H. Hortensia. Japan. 
Hymenocallis (Amaryllid.). H. littoralis, etc. Trop. Amer. 
Hype'ricum. (Outti ferae) H. calycinum from Eur. and several 

American species. 

Iberis = Candytuft. 

Ilex V. Oak (evergreen). 

Imfeh V. Grasses. 

Indian cress = Tropaeolum. 

Indian shot == Canna. 

Iris. Many species. Most frequently I. germanica (Flag) and 

/. Xiphium (Spanish iris). 
Iron plant v. Aspidistra. 
Ivy (part I.). 

Jacaran'da (Bignoniac). J. mimosaefolia. Brazil. 
Jamboes v. Myrtaceae. 
Japanese lucky bush v. Nandina. 
Japonica v. Camellia, 

Jasmine. Jasminum officinale (Oleac). N. India. 
Jerusalem cherry, ^olanum pseudo-capsicum, (Solan.). 

Canary Tsl. 



FOREIGN PLANTS 155 

Jonquil (Sweet scented — ). Narcissus Jonquilla (Amaryll.). 

Medit. 
Judas tree. Cercis Siliquastrum (Legiim.). S. Eur. The 

flowers pink, used as a spice. 
Juniper (Coniferae). Juniperus virginiana, rarely J. 

communis. Eur. 

Kaffir corn v. Sorghum. 

Kaktus = Cactus. 

Kalabash v. Gourds. 

Kalaliblad (probably corrupted from Caladium (Arac.) or 

Colocasia). Rootstock used for feeding pigs. 
Kalmus (kalmoes) (Sweet flag). Acorus Calamus (Arac). 

Originally from E. Asia. 
Kamperfoelie = Honeysuckle. 
Karmedik. Cnicus henedictus (Comp.). Medit. 
Katjepiering (gardens). Gardenia jasminoides. (Rub.) from 

East. Asia. For wild — v. part I. 
Katoen = Cotton plant. 
Kenne'dya (Legum.). K. eximia and K. rubicundu. Austral. 

shrublets. 
Kerria. K. japonica (Ro^Slq..) . Japan. 
Klaver v. Clover. 
Knoflook = Garlic. 

Kochia. K. trichophylla. (Chenopod.). Greece. 
Kohlrabi, Knolkool (Koolrap boven de grond). A variety of 

Brassica oleracea. 
Korenblom = Cornflower. 
Kruistemint. Mentha crispa. S. Eur. 
Kweepeer (kweeper) = Quince. 

Laburnum. Cytinus LaMirnum (Legum.). S. Eur. 

Lagerstroemia (Lythrac). L. indica. Trop. Asia. 

Laloentje. A very small variety of Spanspek (v. gourds) . 

Lantana. L. Camara (Verben.). S. Amer. 

Larkspur v. Delphinium. 

Laurel (D: Laurier), Laurus nolilis* From the Mediter- 
ranean. Yields bay-leaves and laurel-oil. 

Laurustinus, not a Laurus but Viburnum Timis (Caprifol.). 
S. Eur. 

Lavatera v. Mallow. 

Lavender. Lavandula vera (liab.) . Medit. 

Leek. Allium. Porrum (Lil.). S. Eur. 

Leeuwenbekkie = Snapdragon. 

Leitchie. Litchi chinensis (Sapindae.). E. Asia. 



156 FOREIGN PLANTS 

Lemon v. Citrus. 

Lettuce. Lactuca sativa, derived from L. Scariola, S. Eur., the 

latter here a common garden weed. 
Ligula'ria (Comp.). L. Kaempferi. China. 
Lijnzaad == Linseed. 
Lilac. Syringa vulgaris (Oleac). C Eur. 
Lily (White — ). Lilium candidum (Lil.) S. Eur.; 

Tiger — , Tigridium pavonia (Irid.) C. Amer. 
Lime v. Citrus. 

Lina'ria. Several species, e.g. L. maroccana (Scroph.). N. Afr. 
Linseed. Obtained from the flax plant, q.v. 
Linum. L. grmidiflorum. (Linac). N. Afric. 
Liquorice plant. GlycyrrMza glabra (Leg.). Medit. 
Locust bean v. Carob. 

Loquat. Eriohotrya japonica (Ros.) E. Asia. 
Love-lies-bleeding. Amarantus caudatus (Amarant). 

E. Indies. 
Lucerne. Medicago sativa (Leg.). Persia. The Tree — is 

M. arbor ea. 
Luff a (Cucurbit.) L. cylindrica. S. Asia. 
Lupine (Legum.) Lupinus luteua (yellow), L. atigustifoUus 

(blue). S. Eur. 

Magnolia. M. grandiflora, M. macrophylla, (Magnoliac). 

N. Amer. 

Maid of the mist. Gladiolus Quartinianus. Extending from 
Abyssinia to East Africa and the Zambesi. Flowers red 
to pale lemon-yellow, the latter variety known from the 
Victoria Falls (G. primulinus). 

Maize (mielies, mealies). Zea mays (Gram.). C. Amer. 

Mallow. Malva. Various species. M. moschata (Malvac). 

Brit. M, mauritiana (tall). Crete. 
„ , Tree — . Lavatera arborea (Malvac). Medit. 

Malope. M . malacoides (MsilysiC.) . Medit. 

Mandarine v. Citrus. 

Mandevil'la (Apocynaceae). Over 40 species. M. suaveolens. 

Brazil. 

Mangelwurzel == Beet. 

Mango. Mangifera indica (Anacard.) S. Asia. 

Mangold v. Beet. 

Margriet (Wit — ). Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum (Comp.). 

Eur. 

Marigolds (In trod.). Various composites. The common — 
(goudsblom). Calendula officinalis (S. Eur.) ; the French 
— and African — are species of Tagetes from Mexico. 



FOKEIGN PLANTS 157 

Marjoram, Sweet — . Origanum vulgare (Jjah.). Eur. 

Marty 'nia (Pedaliac). M. prohoscidea. Mexico. 

Marvel of Peru. Mirahilis longiflora (Nyctagin). S. Amer. 

Mauritius hemp v. Fourcroya. 
„ -thorn. Caesalpinia sepiaria. (Legum.) S.E. Asia. 

May (English) = Hawthorn. In S.A. : Spiraea (v. part I.). 

Medlar. Mespilus germanica (Rosac). C. Eur. 

Meïiïot (part I.). 

Melon V. Gourds. 

Michaelmas daisy. Aster Amellus, etc. (Comp.). Eur. 

Mignonette. Reseda odorata (Resedac). Egypt. 

Millet. Panicum miliaceum (Gram.). India. 

Mi'mulus ( Scrophular. ) . M. luteus. Chili. 

Mint. (D. Munt). Mentha piperita. (Labiatae) perhaps a 
form of M. aquatica. Eur. 

Monkey-nut = Pea-nut. 

Montbre'tia = Section of Aristea (indigenous). 

Moon flower. Datura suaveolens (Solanac.) Mexico. 

Monste'ra (Araceae). M. deliciosa. Mexico. 

Morning glory. Pharhitis hispida (Ipomoea purpurea) 
(Convolvul.) S. Amer. 

Mothcatcher. Araujia sericifera* (from Brazil). As in other 
asclepiads each stamen of the flower is provided with a 
split gland, in which a foot or the proboscis of a visiting 
insect may become jammed. Strong insects pull the gland 
out and free themselves in this way, but smaller moths 
are unable to do so and perish. 

Mulberry. Morus alha (West. China) and M. nigra (Persia). 
Moraceae. 

Mullein v. Verbascum. 

Mustard. Brassica alha (Crucif.). Eur. 

Mj^rtle. Myrtus communis (Myrtac). S. Eur. 
„ (Australian — ). Leptospermum laevigatum. (Myrt.). 
S. Austral. 

Naartje v. Citrus. 

Nandi'na (Berberid.) 2V. domestica. The Japanese Lucky 

bush. 
Narcis'sus (Amaryllid.). N. poeticus. Medit. 
Nastur'tium == Tropaeolum. 
Nectarine, a variety of peach, q.v. 
Nemo'phila (Hydrophyllac). N. insignis. California. 
Nepeta v. Kattekruid (part I). 

New Zealand flax. Phormium tenaco. (Liliac). New Zeal. 
Nicotiana (Solanac). N. alata (N. affinis). Brazil. 



158 FOREIGN PLANTS 

Nigeria. N . damascena {B.Sinujicu\.) . S.Eur. 
Nymphaea v. Waterlily (part I). 

Oak. Quercus pedunculata (Cupuliferae). Eur. 

„ , Cork — . Q. suher. N. Afr. 

„ (Evergreen). ^wercws. Ilex, the Holly=oak. S. Eur. 

„ , Turkish — . Q. Cerris. Deciduous. Also several Amer. 
species, e.g. Q. alha (White — ), Q. ruber (Red — ). 
Oats. Avena sativa (England). The Algerian — from 

North Africa A. sterilis. 
Oleander. Nerium oleander (Apocynac). Asia Minor. 
Olive V. part I. 

Onion. Allium Gepa (Lil.). C. Asia. 
Orange v. Citrus. 

Orange creeper. Doxantha capreolata (Bignoniac.) N. Amer. 
Osege orange. Madura aurantica. (Morac). N. Amer. 
Osier v. Willow. 

Paarde 'boon = Broadbean. 

Paeony. Paeonia officinalis (Ranuncul.). S. Eur. 

Palestine arum. Arum palaestinum (Arac). Asia Minor. 

Palms. Two indigenous and numerous subtropical species 
planted for ornamental purposes, especially in the warmer 
districts and near the coast. The two hardiest foreign 
kinds appear to be Phoenix dactylifera, the date palm 
from Mesopotamia, and Pritchardia fllamentosa, from 
South California. 

Pampoen v. Gourds. 

Pancratium (Amaryllid.). P. maritimum, etc. (Spider lily). 

Medit. 

Pansy. A cultivated form of Yiola tricolor (Violac). Eur. 

Papaver v. part I. Also Poppy. 

Papaw. Name often employed erroneously for the Papaya, q.v. 

Papaya. (Often called Papaw). Carica Papaya (Caricaceae). 
from Mexico. Contains a digestive substance similar to 
pepsine. The true papaw plant is Asimina triloba (Dunal) 
of subtropical No. America, belonging to Anonaceae. 

Papyrus. Cyperus Papyrus (Cyperac). Trop. Afr. 

Parlour palm v. Aspidistra. 

Parsley. Petroselinum sativum (Umbellif.). East. Medit. 

Parsnip (Pastinak). Pastinaca sativa (Umbell.). Eur. 

Passion flower v. part I. 

Patat == Sweet potato. 

Paulow'nia. P. imperialis. (Bignoniac). Japan. 



FOREIGN PLANTS 159 

Pea. Pisum sativum (Legum.) Eur. The cow=pea is Vigna 
sinensis, and the Sweet-pea Lathyrus odoratus, originally 
from Sicily. 

Pea-nut = Earth-nut. 

Peach. Prunus Persica. (Rosac). Asia Minor. 

Pear (D: Peer). Pirus communis (Rosac). Eur. 

Pelargonium v. Geranium (part I). 

Pentaste'mon (Scrophulariac). P. Wrightii. Texas. 

Pepper tree. Schinus molle (Anacardiac). C. & S. Amer. 

Perilla. P. nankinensis (Lab.). A red-coloured foliage-plant. 

China. 

Periwinkle v. part I. 

Persik (perskie) = Peach. 

Persimmon. Diospyros Kaki (Sapotac). E. Asia. 

Petu'nia. (Scrophular.). P. violacea. S. Amer. 

Phace'Iia. P. campanularia, etc. (CampanuL). California. 

Philadel'phus (Saxifrag.). P. grandiflorus. N. Amer. 

Phlox. (Polemoniac). P. Drummondii. Texas. 

Phyge'Iius (Scrophular.). P. capensis. East. Cape Prov. 

Pine V. Conifers. 

Pine apple. Ananas sativus (Bromeliac.) S. Amer. 

Pink, Chinese — . Dianthus sinensis, v. also part I. 

Pittospo'rum (Pittosporac). P. undulatum. AustraL 

Plantain (part I.). 

Platycodon. P. grandiflorum. (CampanuL). China. 

Plum. Prunus domestica (Ros.). Asia Minor. 

Poincet'tia (Euphorb.). P. pulcherrima. C. Amer. 

Polian'thes = Tuberose. 

Pomegranate. Punica granatum (Punicaceae). S.W. Asia. 

Pompelmoes v. Citrus. 

Pompoen v. Gourds. 

Poplar V. part I. The Lombardy — is P. pyramidalis 

(P. fastigiata). 

Poppy (garden). Papaver somniferum (Papav.). Asia Minor. 

Port Jackson willow v. Acacia (part I.). 

Portula'ca (Portulak) (part I.). 

Potato. Solanum tuJ)erosum. (Solanac). Andes of Peru. 

Potato creeper. Several species. Solanum jasminifolium, 
from Brazil, with trusses of whitish flowers. S. Wendlandii 
with large leaves and large blue flowers (flower-buds 
eaten by fowls). 

Pride of India = Lagerstroemia. 

Primrose. Primula vulgaris, and the Cowslip P. veris. 
(Primulac). Eur. 



160 FOREIGN PLANTS 

Primuïa. Favourite pot plants, occasionally in the open. 

Most frequently P. sinensis. Also P. Atiricula in many 

varieties (Alps) ; P. altaica (N. Afric.) and P. ohconica 

(irritating). 
Privet. Ligustrum japonicum. (Oleaceae). Also L. mUgare. 
Pruim = Plum. 
Pumpkin v. Gourds. 
Purslane v. Portulaca. 

Pyre'thrum. P. parthenium (Comp.). Eur. 
Quince. Cydonia vulgaris (Ros.). Asia Minor. 
Radish (Radijs). Cultivated forms óf Raphanus Raphanistrum 

(Crucif.). 
Ranonkel v. Ranunculus. 
Ranun 'cuius. R. asiaticus. S. Eur. 
Rape. Brassica Rapa (Crucif.). S. Eur. 
Rapen = Turnips. 
Rhododen'dron. In our gardens mostly varieties of R. 

ponticum (Ericac). W. Asia. 
Rhubarb (gardens). Rheum rhaponticum and R. undulatum 

(Polygonac). E. Asia. 
Rice-paper tree. Fatsia japonica (Araliac). E. Asia. 
Ridder'spoor v. Delphinium. 
Robinia. (Legum.) R. pseudacacia. N. Amer. 
Rocket, Sweet — , Eesperis matronalis (Crucif.). E. Eur. 
Rogge V. Rye. For Wild — v. part I. 
Rose (Roos). Many cultivated species from Eur. and Asia. 

V. also part I. 
Rose apple. Eugenia malaccensis. (Myrtac). India. 
Rosemary (Rozemarijn). Rosmarinus officinalis (Lab.). 

S. Eur. 
Rudbec'kia. R. Drummondii (Comp.). Texas. 
Rue. Ruta graveolens {EMt2iQ,.) . S.Eur. 
Rye. Secale cereale (Gram.). Originally from 8. montanum, 

W. Asia. 
Sage. Salvia officinalis (Lab.). S. Eur. v. also part I. 
Sainfoin. Onohrychis sativa (Legum.). Eur. 
Salpiglos'sis. S. sinuata (Solan.). Chili. 
Salsify. Scorzonera hispanica (Comp.). Spain. 
Sal 'via. S. splendens. (Lab.). S. Amer.; S. Benthamiana, the 

so-called Winter — , from Brazil. 
Scabio'sa. Principally S. atropurpurea (Sweet scabious). 

(Dipsac.) and /Sf. caucasica (lilac or mauve flowers). 
Schorseneer = Salsify. 

Scilla. 8. peruviana (Lil.) from the Medit. v. also Squill 

(part I). 



FOREIGN PLANTS 161 

Scorzone'ra (Schorseneer). S. hispanica (Comp.). S. Eur. 

Screw pine. Pandanus. Various trop. species. 

Sering (so-called "Indian Syringa"). Melia Azedarach 

(Meliac.) ; S. Asia. For Syringa v. Lilac. 
Serradella. Ornithopus sativus (Legum.). Eur. 
Shaddock v. Citrus. 

Shallot. Allium ascalonicum (Liliac). S. Eur. 
Shasta daisy. A variety of the Ox-eye-daisy, Chrysanthemum 

Leucanthemum, much improved by Luther Burbank. 
Silene. S. pendula (Caryophyll.). Sicily. Also indigenous 

spec. 
Silky oak. Grevillea roiusta (Prot.). E. Austral. 
Sisal hemp. Agave rig ida var. sisalana (Amaryll). C. Amer. 
Snail creeper. Phaseoliis Caracalla (Papil.). S. Amer. 
Snapdragon = Antirrhinum. 
Sneeuwbal v. Guelder rose. 
Snowdrop. In S.A. garden Leucojum vermim (Amaryllld.). 

The so-called Algerian — is Allium triquetrum (Lil.). 
Sorghum. Sorghum vulgare (Gram.). KaflSrcom, Durrah. 

C. Africa. 
Sorrel (Natal). Eihiscus SaMariffa. (Malvac). Introd. by 

Indians. 
Sour sop. Anona muricata (Anonac). S. Amer. 
Spaans'spek v. Gourds. 
Spaanse riet = Spanish reed. 
Spanish Reed (Italian reed). Arundo Donax* nearly allied 

to our common reed (Phragmites) . Used for fences, etc. 

(Eastern). The ^^ Spanish Cane" is derived from several 

species of palms, e.g., Calamus Rotang (E. Ind.) 
Spider lily. Pancratium (Amaryllidac). 
Spinach. Spinacia oleracea (Chenopod.). W. Asia. 
Spirae'a. S. prunifolia ("May") (Rosac). Japan. 
Spreke'lia. S. formosissima (Maltese lily). 
Squash v. Gourds. 

Stephano'tis (Asclepiad.). S. florihimda. Madagascar. 
Stock. Matthiola annua, M. incana, etc. (Crucifer.), Eur. 

The Night-scented — is Hesperis tristis. Eur. 
Stokroos = Hollyhock. 
Strawberry. Fragaria vesca. (Ros.). Eur. 
„ tree = Arbutus. 

Streptosolen (Solan.). 8. Jamesoni. Ecuador. 
Sugar apple (Sweet sop). Anona squamosa (Anonac). 

W. Ind. 
„ cane. Saccharum officinarum. (Gram.). Originally 

from Bengal. 



162 FOREIGN PLANTS 

Sunflower. Helianthus annuus (Comp.). N. Amer. 

Swan River daisy. Brachycoma iheridifolia (Comp.). West 

Austral. 
Swede. (Swedish turnip). (Koolraap). Brassica Napus 

(Cruciferae). Eur. 
Sweet cane. Sorghum saccharatum (Gram.). Variety of 

S. vulgare, 

flag. Acorus Calamus (Arac). Eur. 

pea. Lathyrus odoratus (Leg.). Sicily. 

potato. Ipomoea Batatas (Convolvulac). S. Amer. 

Sultan V. Centaurea. 

William. Dianthus harhatus (Caryophyllac). S. Eur. 
Sword bean. Canavalia ensiformis (Legum.). Trop. 
Sycamore. Ficus sycomorus (Morac). Egypt. Applied in 

England to Acer Pseudo-plat anus ^ a maple from Central 

Eur. (False — ) and in N. Amer. to Platanus occidentalis 

(Plane tree). 
Syringa v. Lilac and Sering (part I). 



Tagasaste. Cytisus proUferus (Leg.). Canary Islands. 

Tage'tes v. Marigold. 

Tamarind tree. Tamarindus indica (Legum.). 

Tamarisk v. part I. 

Tandzaad = Black jack. 

Tares v. Vetch. 

Tarwe = Wheat. 

Tea plant. Thea chinensis (Ternstroemiac). E. Asia. 

Teco'ma. (Bignoniac). T. radicans, v. Tecomaria (in index). 

Thunberg'ia. T. alata, etc. (Acanthac). Indigenous. 

Thyme. Thymus vulgare (Lab.). S. Eur. 

Tithonia (Comp.), T, speciosa. Mex. 

Tobacco. Nicotiana Tahacum (Solan.). C. Amer. 

Tomato (Tomaat). Solanum Lycopersicum (Solan.). Peru. 

Tree of heaven v. Ailanthus. 

Tropae'olum (wrongly called Nasturtium). (Geraniac). 

T. majus. S. Amer. v. Canary creeper. 
Trumpet creeper. Tecoma radicans. (Bignoniac). N. Amer. 
Tuberose. Polianthes tuherosa (Amaryllid.). Mexico. 
Tulip (Tulp). Tulipa Gesneriana (Lil.). S. Eur. And other 

species. 
Tulip tree. Liriodendron tulipifera (Magnol.). N. Amer. 
Turk's vijg = Prickly pear. v. part I. 
Turnip. Another variety of the Rape (Brassica Rapa). 



FOREIGN PLANTS 



163 



Ui = Onion. 

Unicorn plant = Martynia. 

Vaterland's riet = Bamboo v. part I. 
Vegetable marrow v. Gourds. 

A^'erbas'cum. V. phlomoides, V. olympicum. etc. (Borrag.). 

East. Medit. 
Verbe'na (Verbenac). Y. chamaedrifolia (Vervain). Various 

hybrids in cultivation. Amer. 
Verbena, Lemon-scented — . Lippia citriodora (Verben.). 

S. Amer. 
Vero'nica (ScrophuL). V. Andersoni. Shrubby. New Zeal. 
Vetch. Vicia sativa (Leg.) . Eur. 
Vierkleur = Billbergia. 
Violet. Viola odorata (Violac). Eur. 
Violier = Stocks. 
Vingerhoed = Foxglove. 
Virginia creeper. Mostly Vitis (Ampelopsis) hederacea, 

N. Amer., and V. inconatans, Japan. (Vitac). 
Vlas == Flax. 
Vlier = Elder. 



Wallflower. Cheiranthus Cheiri (Cruciferae). Eur. 

Walnut. Juglans regia {J\ig\sjiö.s.c.) . Asia Minor. 
Occasionally J. nigra. N. Amer. 

Wandering jew (part I.). 

Water hyacinth. Eichhornia crassipes (Ponteder.). Originally 

from S. Amer. 
„ melon v. Gourds. 

Wattles. Several Australian varieties of Acacia. The principal 
kind grown for tanner's bark in Natal is the Black — , 
Acacia decurrens, var. mollissima. The Green — , 
A. decurrens, var. normalis, is less frequently used, and 
the Silver — , A. decurrens, var. dealhata, yields inferior 

bark. 

Weige'lia = Diervillea. 

Wheat. Triticum vulgare. Originally probably from 
Aighanistan. Several other species cult. 

Wigandia (Hydrophyllac). W. urens. Mexico. 

Wijnruit = Rue. 

Willow. Various introduced kinds, e.g. Salix hahylonica 
(Drooping — ) and S. viminali8 (Osier — ). Eur. 
V. also part I. 



164 FOREIGN PLANTS 

Wista'ria (Blauwe regen). W. cMnensia (Leg.)- E. Asia. 
Witwortel = Parsnip. 

Yam. Dioscorea (Dioscorac.) Various species, e.g. D, sativa, 
D. latatas, from E. Asia. All climbers. The so-called 
Y a m of the coastal districts is a Colocasia q. v. 

Yucca (Lil.). Several spec, e.g. Y. gloriosa. Florida. 

Zin'nia (Comp.). Z. elegans. Mexico. 
Zoet hout ( — wortel) = Liquorice. 

„ maling = Tuberose. 

„ riet = Suikerriet v. Grasses. 
Zonneblom = Sunflower. 



Publications which will he found useful for further 
information. 

Bentham & Hooker, Handbook of the British Flora. London. 

Bryant, Rev. Alfred T., Zulu medicines and medicine-men. 

Annals of the Natal Museum. Vol. II., part 1. «luly 1909. 

Burtt-Davy, J. The Vernacular and botanical names of some 

S.A. plants. Tr. Agric. Journ. Vol. II., April, 1904. 
„ „ , Cattle Poisons. Ibidem, No. 5. 
„ „ , Alien Plants spontaneous in the Transvaal. Rep. 

S.A.A. Adv. Science, 1904, p. 252. 
„ „ , Noxious weeds in the Transvaal. Rep. Dep. Agric. 

Tr. 1903-04, p. 287. 
„ „ , Transvaal Trees. Tr. Agric. Journ. Vol. V. 

No. 18, 1907. Also Kew Bull. 1908 and 1910. 

Burtt-Davy & Mrs. Reno Pott-Leendertz. First Checklist of 
the Flowering Plants and Ferns of the Transvaal. Pretoria 

1912. 
Elffers, Hubertus & Viljoen, W. J., Beknopt Nederlands 

Woordeboek voor Zuid-Afrika. Cape Town 1908. 
„ „ „ , English-Dutch and Dutch-English Dictionary. 
V. Edit. Cape Town 1914. 

Flora Capensis. Vol. I. III. by Harvev & Sonder. 1859-65. 
Vol. IV.-VII., edited by Sir. Wm. Thiselton-Dyer. 1890- 

1917. 
Henkeïs, H. Schoolflora voor Nederland. Groningen. 

Marloth, R. The Flora of South Africa. Vol. I. 191e3, 

Vol. IV. 1915. 
„ „ , The Chemistry of S.A. plants. Pres. address, 
Cape Chemical Soc. Cape Town 1912. 

V. Mueller, Ferd. Select Extra-Tropical Plants. Melbourne, 

VII. edit. 1888. 
Pappe, L. Silva Capensis. Cape Town 1862. 
„ „ . Flora Capensis Medicae Prodromus. Cape Town 

1868. 
Pettman, Charles. Africanderisms. London 1913. 

Sim, T. R. The Forests & Forest Flora of Cape Colony. 1907. 
„ „ . Forest Flora and Forest Resources of Portuguese 

East Africa. Aberdeen, 1909. 
„ „ . The Ferns of South Africa. II. edit. 1915. 

Smith, Andrew, A contribution to S.A. Materia Medica. 

Lovedale 1888. 
Wood, J. Medley-, Handbook to the Flora of Natal. Durban 

1907. 



INDEX OF PAET II. 

The bracketted numbers refer to the numerical position of 
the family in the systematic arrangement on pages 96-98. 



Barnes of Families not represented l)y indigenous plants are 
printed in italics. 



Aberia v. Dovyalis 


119 


Amabantaceae (18) 


104 


Abrus 


111 


Amarantus 


104 


Acacia 


109 


Amabyllidaceae (M.21) 


139 


ACANTHACEAE (132) 


128 


Amaryllis 


139 


Acanthosicyos 


129 


AmmopMla 


134 


Acanthospermum .. 


130 


Amphithalea 


111 


Achariaceae (87) .. 




Anacampseros 


105 


Achyranthes .. 


104 


Anacardiaceae (64) 


116 


Acmena 


121 


Anagallis 


123 


Acokanthera 


125 


Anaphrenium = Heeria .. 


116 


Acorus 


136 


Anchusa 


126 


Acrotome 


128 


Androcymbium 


137 


Adansonia 


118 


Andropogon 


134 


Adenachaena 


130 


Anemone 


106 


Adenandra 


113 


Annesorrhiza 


121 


Adenogramma 


105 


Anona 


106 


Adhatoda 


128 


Anonaceae (28) .. 


106 


Adiantum 


100 


Anthemis 


130 


Adina 


129 


Anthepliora 


134 


Afzelia 


110 


Anthericum 


137 


Agapanthus .. 


137 


Anthistiria = Themeda .. 


136 


Agaricus 


99 


Antholyza 


140 


Agathosma 


113 


Anthospermum 


129 


Agave 


139 


Antizoma 


106 


Agrimonia 


109 


Apocynaceae (117) 


125 


Agropyrum 


134 


Apodolirion 


139 


Agrostemma .. 


106 


Apodytes 


117 


Aitonia = Nymania 


114 


Aponogeton 


133 


AlZOACEAE (21) 


105 


Aponogetonaceae (M.4) 


133 


Albizzia 


110 


Aptosimum 


126 


Albuca 


137 


Aquifoliaceae (66) 


116 


Alepidea 


121 


Araceae (M.IO) .. 


136 


Algae 


99 


Abaxiaceae (104) .. 


121 


Allium 


137 


Arctopus 


121 


Aloe 


137 


Arctotis 


130 


Alternanthera 


104 


Argemone 


107 


Amanita 


99 


Aristea 


140 



Index 



167 



Aristida 


.. 


134 


Brachycarpaea 


.. 


107 


Aristolochiaceae (13) 




Brachylaena .. 


•• •• 


130 


Artemisia 


.. 


130 


Brassica 


.. 


107 


Arthrosolen 


.. .. 


12Ö 


Briza 


•• •• 


134 


Arundinaria 


.. 


133 


Bromus 


.. 


134 


ASCLEPIADACEAE (118) .. 


125 


Bruguiera 


.. 


120 


Asclepias 





125 


Brunia 


.. 


109 


Aspalathus 


.. 


111 


Bbuniaceae (44) 


.. 


109 


Asparagus 


.. 


137 


Brunsvigia 


.. 


139 


Aspidium v. 


Polystichum 


100 


Buhon = Peucedanum .. 


121 


Asplenium 


.. 


100 


Buddleia 




124 


Aster 


.. •• .. 


130 


Bulbine 




138 


Athanasia 


.. 


130 


Bulbinella 




138 


Athrixia 


,. ., 


130 


Buphane 




139 


Atriplex 


„ ., 


104 


Burchellia 




129 


Atropis 


.. 


134 


Burkea 




109 


Augea 


.. 


113 


Burmanniaceae (M.27) 




Avena 


,. ., „ 


134 


BUESERACKAE (56) 


.. 


114 


Avicennia 


.. 


127 


BUXACEAE (63) 


.. 


115 


Azima 





124 


Buxus 


.. 


115 


Babiana 





140 


Cactaceae (91) 


,. ,. 


119 


Balanophoraceae (12) .. 




Cadaba 


.. 


107 


Ballota 


.. 


128 


Caesalpinia .. 


., „ 


110 


Balsaminaceae (65) 


116 


Cajanus 


.. 


111 


Baphia 


.. „ „ 


111 


€alendula 


.. „ 


130 


Barbacenia 


., „ .. 


140 


CalUtrichaceae (62) 




Barosma 


.. 


113 


Calodendron 


.. 


113 


Bartholina 


„ ,. 


143 


Campanulaceae 


(139) .. 


130 


Bauhinia 


.. „ 


110 


Cannomois 


.. 


137 


Begonia 


„ „ ., 


119 


Oappabidackae 


(32) .. 


107 


Begoniaceae 


(90) 


119 


Capparis 


.. 


107 


Berkheya 


.. 


130 


Capsella 


.. 


107 


Bersama 


.. 


117 


Caralluma 


.. 


125 


Berzelia 


„ „ „ 


109 


Carex 


., „ 


136 


Bidens 


., ., „ 


130 


Carissa 


,. „ 


125 


BiQNONIACEAE (127) 


127 


Carpha 


.. 


136 


Bobartia 


„ „ ., 


140 


Carum 


„ „ 


121 


Boletus 


„ ,. ,. 


99 


Cabyophyllaceae 


(23) .. 


106 


Bolusanthus 


., ., „ 


111 


Cassia 


.. 


110 


BOMBACACEAE 


(76) 


118 


Cassine v. Maurocenia .. 


117 


Borbonia 


„ „ „ 


111 


Cassytha 


., „ 


107 


Bonatea 


.. 


143 


Catha 


.. 


116 


BORRAGINACEAE (121) 


126 


Celastbaceae (67) 


116 


Boscia 


., ,. ,. 


107 


Celtis 


.. 


102 


Brabeium 


•• •• •• 


102 


Cenfa 


„ 


130 



168 



IKDEX 



Oentaurea 


130 


Coronopus 


107 


CenteUa 


121 


Cotula 


130 


Cephalanthus 


129 


Cotyledon 


108 


Ceraria 


105 


Crassula 


108 


Cerastium 


106 


Cbassulaceae (88) 


108 


Cebatophyllaceae (25) .. 


106 


Crinum 


. • 139 


Ceratophyllum 


106 


Crotalaria 


111 


Oestrum 


126 


Croton 


114 


Chara 


99 


Cbucifebae (83) .. 


107 


Chakaceae 


99 


Cryptocarya 


107 


Charadrophlla 


126 


Cryptostemma 


131 


Cheilanthe^ 


100 


•Cucumis 


130 


€henopodiaceae (17) .. 


104 


CUCUEBITACEAE (138) . 


128 


Chenopodimn 


104 


Cunonia 


108 


Chüianthus 


124 


CUNONIACEAE (42) 


108 


Chironia 


125 


Curculigo 


13S 


Chloris 


134 


Curtisia 


121 


Chrysanthemum 


130 


Cuscuta 


126 


Chrysocoma 


130 


Cussonia 


121 


Chrysophyllum 


123 


Cyanella 


139 


Chymococca 


120 


Cyanotis 


137 


Cissampelos 


106 


Cyathea 


100 


Cissus 


118 


Cyathula 


105 


Citrullus 


129 


Cycadaceae 


101 


Clausena 


113 


Cyclopia 


111 


Clematis 


106 


Cyclostemon 


114 


Cliffortia 


109 


Cycnium 


127 


Cnicus 


130 


Cymbopogon 


134 


Coix 


134 


Cynanchum 


125 


Coleonema 


113 


Cynodon 


134 


Colpoon = Osyris 


103 


Cynoglossum 


126 


COMBEETACEAE (99) 


120 


Cynorchis 


143 


Combretum 


120 


Cypebaceaje (M8) .. 


138 


COMMELINACEAE (M.16) .. 


137 


Cyperus 


136 


Commiphora 


114 


Cyphia 


130 


COMPOSITAE (141) 


130 


Cyrtanthus 


139 


Coniandra 


130 


Cysticapnos 


107 


CONIFEEAE 


169 


Cytinus 


103 


Connaraceae (47) 




Cytisus 




CONVOLVULACEAE (119) .. 


126 






Convolvulus 


126 


Dactyloctenium 


134 


Conyza 


130 


Dais 


120 


Copaifera 


110 


Dalbergia 

Danthonia 


111 
134 


Cordia 


126 


Datura 


126 


CORNACEAE (105) .. 


121 


Dianthus 


106 



Index 



169 



DlCHAPETALAOEAB (60) .. 


114 


Equisetum 


.. 


100 


Dichapetalum 


114 


Eragrostia 


.. 


135 


Dichrostachys 


110 


Eriantlius 


.. 


134 


Dicoma 


131 


Erica 


,. 


122 


Didelta 


131 


Ebioaceae (107) 


.. 


122 


Dierama 


140 


Erigeron 


.. 


131 


Digitaria 


134 


Eriocaulaceae 


(M.ie) .. 


131 


Dimorphotheca 


131 


Eriocephalus .. 


.. 


131 


DiOSCOBACEAE (M.23) 


140 


Eriospermum 


.. 


138 


Diosma 


113 


Erodium 


.. 


112 


Diospyros 


123 


Erythrina 


.. 


Jll 


Dipcadi 


138 


Erythroxylaceae 


(52) .. 




Dipidax 


138 


Euclea 


.. 


123 


DiPSACEAE (137) .. 


129 


Eucomis 


., 


13S 


Disa 


143 


Eugenia 


., 


121 


Disperis 


143 


Euphorbia 


.. 


114 


Dodonaea 


117 


EUPHORBIACEAE 


(61) 


114 


Dolichos 


111 


Euryops 




131 


Dombeya 


118 


Excoecarla 


.. 


115 


Doryopteris 


100 


Exomis 


.. 


lat 


Dovea 


137 








Dovyalis 


119 


Fagara 


.. 


113 


Drimia 


138 


Paurea 


.. 


102 


Drosera 


119 


Felicia 


.. 


131 


Dbosebaceae (84) .. 


119 


Ferraria 


.. 


141 


Dryopteris 


100 


Festuca 




135 


Duvalia 


125 


Ficinia 


.. 


136 






Ficus 


.. 


102 


Ebenaceae (112) .. 


123 


Fllices 


„ 


100 


Ecklonia 


99 


Fingerhuthia 


,. 


135 


Ehretia 


126 


Flacoubtiaceae 


(85) .. 


119 


Enrharta 


134 


Plagellaria .. 




137 


Ekebergia 


114 


Flagellabiacfiaii 


5 (M.12) 


137 


Elaeodendron 


116 


Fockea 


.. 


125 


Elatinaceae (80) 




Foeniculum .. 


.. 


121 


Elegia 


137 


Frankeniaceae (81) 




Elephantorrhiza 


110 


Freesia 


.. 


141 


Eleusine 


134 


Fumaria 


,. 


107 


Elionurus 


134 


Fungi 


.. 


99 


ElytropappuB 


131 








Emex 


104 


Galenia 


.. 


105 


Encephalartos 


101 


Gamolepis 


•• •• 


131 


Enneapogon 


135 


Gardenia 


.. 


129 


Entada 


110 


Garuleum 


.. 


131 


Epilobium 


121 


Gasteria 


.. 


138 


Equisetaceab 


100 


Gazania 


.. 


131 



170 



Index 



Geaster 


99 


Hemitelia 


100 


Oeigeria 


131 


Hepaticae 


99 


X}ei88olomaceae (92) 




Hermannia 


118 


<jeissorMza 


141 


Hermas 


121 


Gp:ntianaceae (116) 


125 


Hesperantha 


141 


Gebaniaceae (49) 


112 


Hessea 


140 


Geranium 


112 


Heteropogon 


135 


Gerbera 


131 


Heteropyxis 


120 


Gesnebaceae (129) 


128 


Hexaglottls 


142 


Gethyllis 


140 


Heywoodia 


115 


Gladiol;as 


141 


Hibiscus 


118 


Gleichenia 


100 


Hippia 


131 


Glia V. Ruthea 


122 


Hippobromus 


117 


Gloriosa 


138 


Hippocrateaceae (68) 




Gnaphalium 


131 


Holotbrix 


143 


Gnetaceae 


101 


Homeria 


142 


Gnidia 


120 


Hoodia 


125 


Gomphrena 


105 


Hordeum 


135 


Gonioma 


125 


Hyaenanche 


115 


Goodeniaceae (140) 




Hydnora 


103 


Geamina (M.7) 


134 


Hydnoeaceae (15) 


103 


Grewia 


lis 


HydROCABY ACEAE (102b.) . 


. 121 


Greyia 


117 


Hydrocharitaceae (M.6) 




Grubbia 


103 


Hydrocotyle 


121 


Grubbiaceae (9) .. 


103 


Hydrophyllaceae (120) 




Gunnera 


121 


Hydrostachyaceae (37) 


108 


Guttiferae (79) 




Hydrostachys 


108 


Gymnogramma 


100 


Hymenopbyllum 


100 


Gymnosporia 


116 


Hyobanche 


127 






Hyperstelis 


105 


Haemantlms 


140 


Hyphaene 


136 


Haemodoraceae (M.20) .. 


139 


Hypochaeris 


132 


Halleria 


127 


Hypoxis 


140 


H alobeh agin aceae ( 103 ) 


121 






Hamamelidaceae (45) .. 


109 


ICACINACEAE (69) .. 


117 


Haplocarpha 


131 


Ilex 


116 


Harpagophytum 


127 


Impatiens 


116 


Harpephyllum 


IIB 


Imperata 


135 


Hartogia 


117 


Indigofera 


111 


Harveya 


127 


Inula 


132 


Hebenstreitia 


127 


IBIDACEAE (M.24) .. 


140 


Heeria 


116 


ISOETACEAE 


100 


Helichrysum 


131 


Isoetes 


100 


Heliophila 


107 


Isoglossa 


128 


Helipterum 


131 


Ixia 


142 



Index 



171 



Jasminuin 124 

Jubaeopsis 136 

JUNCACEAE (M.18) .. .. 137 

Juncus 137 

Justicia V. Monechma .. 128 

Kaempferia 143 

Kigelia 127 

Kiggelaria 119 

Kleinia 132 

Kniphofia 138 

Knowltonia 106 

Kraussia 129 

Labiatae (133) .. .. 128 

Lachenalia 138 

Lachnaea 120 

Lachnostylis 115 

Lactuca 132 

Lanaria 139 

Landolphia 125 

Lantana 127 

Lapeyrousia 142 

Laueaceae (29) .. .. 107 

Laurophyllus .. .. 116 
Lécithydaceae (97) 

Leguminosae (48) .. 109 

Lemna 136 

Lemnaceae (M.ll) .. 136 

Lentibulaeiaceae (131) 128 

Leonotis 128 

Leontonyx 132 

Lepidium 107 

Leptocarpus 137 

Lessertia Ill 

Leucadendron .. .. 102 

Leucas 128 

Leucosidea 109 

Leucospermum .. .. 102 

Leyssera 132 

Lichenes 99 

Lichtensteinla .. .. 121 

LiLIACEAE (M.19) .. .. 137 

LiNACEAE (51) .. .. 113 

Linum 113 

Liparia Ill 



Listia Ill 

Llthospermum .. .. 126 
Loasaceae (89) 

Lobelia 130 

Lobostemon 126 

LOGANIACEAE (115) .. 124 

Lollum 135 

LOEANTHACEAE (11) .. 103 

Loranthus 103 

Loxostylis .. .. .. 116 

Lyclum 126 

Lycoperdon 99 

Lycopodiaceae .. .. 100 

Lycopodium 100 

Lygodlum 100 

Lyperia 127 

Lytheaceae (96) .. .. 120 

Maba 124 

Mackaya 128 

Maerua 107 

Malpighiaceae (58) 

Malvaceae (75) .. .. 118 

Malva .. .. .. 118 

Malvastrum 118 

Mariscus 136 

Massonia 138 

Matricaria 132 

Maurocenia 117 

Medlcago Ill 

Melasphaerula .. .. 142 
Melastomaceae (101) . 

Melia 114 

Meliaceae (57) 114 

Melianthaceae (71) .. 117 

Melianthus 117 

Melica 135 

Melilotus Ill 

MeloloBium Ill 

Melothria 130 

Menispeemaceae (27) .. 106 

Mentha 128 

Mercurialis 115 

Mesembrianthemum .. 105 

Metalasia 132 

MethyscophyUum = Catha 116 



172 



Index 



Microloma 


125 


Ochna 


118 


Millettia 


111 


Ochnaceae (78) .. 


118 


Mimetes 


102 


Ocotea 


107 


Mimusops 


123 


Oenothera 


121 


Mohria 


100 


Oenotheeaceae (102) .. 


121 


Monechma 


128 


Olacaceae (10) 


103 


MONIMIACEAE (30) .. 


107 


Olea 


124 


Moiisonia 


112 


Oleaceab (113) 


124 


Montinia 


108 


Olinia 


120 


MOEACEAE (5) 


102 


Oliniaceae (95) 


120 


Moraea 


142 


Onagra 


121 


Morchella 


i)9 


Oncoba 


119 


Moringaoeae (35) 




Opuntia 


119 


Mucuna 


111 


Oechidaceae (M.28) 


143 


Mundtia 


114 


Ornithogalum 


138 


Mnraltia 


114 


Ornithoglossum 


139 


Musa 


143 


Orobanchaceae (130) .. 


128 


MUSAOEAE (M.25) .. 


143 


Orobanche 


128 


Musci 


1)9 


Osmites 


132 


Myoporaceae (126) 




Osmitopsls 


132 


Myosotls 


126 


Osmunda 


100 


Myrica 


101 


Osteospermum 


132 


Mybicacbak (3) 


101 


Osyris 


103 


Myrothamnaceae (43) 




Othonna 


132 


Myesinaceae (108) 


123 


OXALIDACEAE (50) 


113 


Myrsine 


123 


Oxalis 


113 


MYltTACEAE (100) .. 

Mystacidium 

Mystroxylon 


121 
143 
117 


Pachypodium 

Pachystigma 

Palmae (M.9) 


125 
129 
136 


Najadaceae (M.2) 




Panicum 


135 


Nasturtium 


107 


Papaver 


107 


Nemesia 


127 


Papaveraceak (31) 


107 


Nephrolepls 


100 


Pappea 


117 


Nerine 


140 


Paranomus 


102 


Nestlera 


132 


Parinarium 


109 


Nicotiana 


126 


Paspalum 


135 


Nivenia 


102 


Passerina 


120 


Noltea 


117 


Passiflora 


119 


Notholaena ( Nothochlaena ) 


100 


Passifloraceae (87) 


119 


Notobuxus 


115 


Pavetta 


129 


Nuxia 


124 


Pedaliaceae (128) 


127 


Nyctaginaceae (19) 




Peddiea 


120 


Nymania 


114 


Pelargonium 


112 


Nymphaea 


106 


Pellaea v. Doryopteris .. 


100 


Nymph AKACEAE (24) 


106 


Peltophorum 


110 



Index 



178 



Penaeaceae (93) 






Portulacaceae (22) 


105 


Pennisetum .. 


.. 


135 


Portulacaria 


106 


Pentanisia 


.. 


129 


Potamogeton 


133 


Pentzia 


.. 


132 


Potamoqetonaceae (M.3) 


133 


Peucedanum .. 


.. 


121 


Pretrea 


127 


Phalaris 


.. 


135 


Peimulaceae (109) 


123 


Pharnaceum .. 


.. 


105 


Prionium 


137 


Phellorina 


.. 


99 


Protea 


102 


Phüippia 


.. 


123 


Peoteaceae (7) 


102 


Phoheros = Scolopia 


119 


Protium v. Commiphora 


114 


Phoenix 


„ 


136 


Psalliota 


99 


Phragmites .. 


.. 


135 


Psoralea 


112 


Püylica 


.. 


117 


Ptaeroxylon 


114 


Phyllanthus ,. 


.. 


115 


Pteridium 


100 


Phymaspermum 


.. 


132 


Pteris 


1Ö0 


Physalis 


.. 


126 


Pterocarpus 


112 


Phytolacca 


.. 


105 


Pterocelastrus 


117 


Phytolaccackak 


(20) .. 


105 


Pteronia 


132 


PiNACEAE 


.. 


101 


Pterygodium 


143 


Piper 


.. 


101 


Pygeum 


109 


PiPEBACEAE (1) 


.. 


101 






Plstia 


„ 


136 


Rafflesiaceae (14) 


103 


PiTTOSPOEACEAE ( 


[41) .. 


108 


Rafnia 


112 


Pittosporum .. 


,. 


108 


Ranunculaceae (26) 


106 


Plantaginachae 


(134) .. 


128 


Ranunculus 


106 


Plantago 


.. 


128 


Rauwolfia 


125 


Platy cerium .. 


.. 


100 


Rapanea v. Myrsine 


123 


Platylophus .. 


.. 


108 


Raphanus 


107 


Plectronia 


.. 


129 


Relhania 


132 


Pleurostylia .. 


.. 


117 


Resedaceae (34) 




Plumbago 


.. 


123 


Restiaceae (M.13) 


137 


Plumbaginaceak 


(110) .. 


123 


Restio 


137 


Poa 


., 


135 


Rhamnaceae (72) 


117 


Podalyria 


.. 


112 


Rhamnus 


117 


Podocarpus .. 


.. 


101 


Rhigozum 


127 


Podostemonaceae 


(36) .. 




Rhizophora 


120 


Pollichia 


.. 


106 


Rhizophobaceae (98) .. 


120 


Polygala 


.. 


114 


Rhoiacarpos 


103 


Polygalaceae (59) 


114 


Rhoieissus 


118 


Polygonaceab (16) 


104 


Rhus 


116 


Polypodium .. 


,, 


100 


Ricinodendron 


115 


Polystichum .. 


„ 


100 


Ricinus 


115 


Pontederiaceae (M.17) 




Rochea 


108 


Popowia 


„ „ 


106 


Romulea 


142 


Populus 


.. 


101 


Roridula 


108 


Portulaca 


•• •• 


106 


Roeidulaceae (40) 


108 



174 



Index 



Rosa 


109 


Sesamum 


ROSACEAE (46) 


109 


Setaria 


Royena 


124 


Sida 


Rubia 


129 


Sideroxylon .. 


RUBIACEAE (135) .. 


129 


Silene 


Rubus 


109 


Süybum 


Rumex 


104 


Simarubaceae (54) 


RUTACEAB (55) 


113 


Sisymbrium .. 


Ruthea 


122 


Slum 
Smelophyllum 


Salicaceae (2) 


101 


Solan ACEAE (122) 


Salicornia 


104 


Solanum 


Salix 


101 


Sonchus 


Salsola 


104 


Sorgbum 


Salvadoraceae (114) .. 


124 


Sparaxis 


Salvia 


128 


Sparrmania .. 


Samolus 


123 


Spergula 


Sandersonia 


139 


Spirogyra 


Santalaceae (8) .. 


103 


Sporobolus 


Sansevieria 


139 


Staavia 


Sapindaceae (70) 


117 


Stacbys 


Sapotaceae (111) .. 


123 


Stapelia 


Sarcocaulon 


112 


Statice 


Sarcostemma 


125 


Stellaria 


Satyrium 


143 


Stenotaphrum 


Saxifragaceae (39) 


108 


Sterculiaceae (77) 


Scabiosa 


129 


Stipa 


Scheuchzeriaceae (M.5) 




Stobaea 


Schismus 


..135 


Stoebe 


Schizodium 


143 


Strelitzia 


Schmidtia 


135 


Streptocarpus 


Schotia 


110 


Striga 


Scilla 


139 


Strutbiola 


Scirpus 


136 


Strychnos 


Sclerocarya 


116 


Suaeda 


Scolopia 


119 


Sutberlandia .. 


SCBOPHULABIACEAE (123) 


126 


Syzygium 


Scutla 


117 




Sebaea 


125 


Tagetes 


Secale 


135 


Tamaricaceae (82) 


Secamone 


125 


Tamarix 


Selaginaceae (124) 


127 


Tanacetum 


Selago 


127 


Tarchonanthus 


Sempervivnm 


108 


Tax ACEAE 


Senecio 


132 


Tecomaria 


Serruria 


103 


Tepbrosia 



Index 



175 



Terfezia 


.. „ 


99 


Vaccinium 


.. 


123 


Terminalia 


„ ,. 


120 


Valeriana 


.. 


129 


Testudinaria 


•• •• 


140 


Valebianackae 


(136) .. 


129 


Tetragonia 


.. 


105 


Vallota 


.. 


140 


Tetraria 


.. 


136 


Vangueria 


.. 


129 


Teucrium 


„ ,. 


128 


Velloziaceae (M.22) 


140 


Thamnochortus 


.. 


137 


Verbena 


„ „ 


127 


Themeda 


„ 


136 


Verbenaceae (125) 


127 


Thesium 


.. 


103 


Veronica 


.. 


127 


Thunbergia .. 


.. 


128 


Vicia 


.. 


112 


Thymelaeaceae ( 


:94) .. 


120 


Vinca 


.. 


125 


TlLlACEAE (74) 


„ 


118 


Viola 


.. 


119 


Toddalia 


.. 


113 


ViOLACEAE (83) 


.. 


119 


Toxicodendron 


„ „ 


115 


Virgilia 


.. 


112 


Tragus 


,, „ 


136 


Viscum 


.. 


103 


Trapa 


.. 


121 


VlTACKAE (73) 


.. 


118 


Trema 


,. ,, 


102 


Vittaria 


.. 


100 


Tribulus 


,, 


113 








Trichilia 


•• •. 


114 


Wachendorfia 


.. 


139 


Trichocaulon 


„ 


125 


Walafrida .. 


.. 


127 


Trichocladus .. 


.. 


109 


Watsonia 


•• •• 


142 


Trlcholaena .. 


•• . 


136 


Welwitschia .. 


•• 


101 


Trichomanes .. 


•• . 


100 


Whiteheadia .. 


•• 


139 


Trifolium 


„ 


112 


W^iddringtonia 


.. 


101 


Trimeria 


.. • 


119 


Whithania .. 


.. 


126 


Tripteris 


•> 


133 


Witsenia 


•• •• 


142 


Tristachya 


.. 


136 


VTurmbea 


•• •• 


139 


Tritonia 


• • •! 


142 








Tulbaghia 


„ 


139 


Xanthium 


.. 


133 


Turneraeeae (86) 






Xanthoxylum 


.. 


113 


Typha 


.. 


133 


Ximenia 


.. 


103 


Typhaceae (M.l) 


•• 


133 


Xymalos 


.. 


107 








Xyridaceae (M.14) 




Ulmaceae (4) 


.. 


102 


Xysmalobium 


.. 


125 


Ulva 


.. 


99 








Umbeixiferae (106) 


121 


Zaluzianskya 


•• •• 


127 


Urera 


.. 


102 


Zantedeschia .. 


• •• 


136 


Urginea 


.. 


139 


ZeJineria 


.. 


130 


Urtica 


., 


102 


ZiNGIBEBACEAB 


(M.26) .. 


143 


Ubticaceae (6) 


.. 


102 


Zinnia 


.. 


133 


Usnea 


•• • 


99 


Zizyphus 


.. 


117 


Utricidaria .. 


• 


128 


Zostera 


•* •• 


133 








Zygophyllackak (53) .. 


113 


Vaccaria 


.. 


106 


Zygophyllum .. 


.. 


113 



{For •* Literature " see p. 165) 



THE FLORA 
OF SOUTH AFRICA 



BY 



DR. RUDOLF MARLOTH 



Four Volumes. Quarto. Cloth. 

i8o Coloured Plates, loo Monochrome Plates ard numerous illustrations 

in the text. 



Now ready: Volumes I and IV. 
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ABSTRACTS FROM REVIEWS 

Op volume I. 



As a work of art "The Flora of South Africa" is a delight 
to the eye. It is printed on exquisite paper, and the print is 
as choice as the paper. The book will not only meet a felt need, 
but will, by its sheer beauty and interest, give a stimulus to 
the pursuit of science. — South Africa. 



the sumptuous work on the "Flora of South Africa," of 

which Dr. Marloth has published the first of four volumes. 
Nothing of the kind has been attempted for any other country. — 
The Times Literary Supplement. Thursday, May 7th, 1914. 



To the author is due the credit of producing what must be 
regarded as a pioneer work, for nothing similar to it, at least 
so far as relates to extra-European floras, has hitherto been 
attempted. Not only students of the Cape flora, but travellers, 
and indeed anyone curious about the marvellous operations of 
Nature, will certainly be much indebted to Dr. Marloth and Lady 
Phillips for this most interesting and attractive work.- 

— Gardeners* Chronicle. 



The Specialty Press of South Africa, Ltd.. 



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Marloth, Rudolf/Dictionary of the common 



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