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Full text of "A Dictionary of the English language : in which the words are deduced from their originals, explained in their different meanings, and authorized by the names of the writers in whose works they are found"





Theological Seminary, 




t\a~r-e booV. 

/ jy^f*^' • '^ i^^r*'/'/^/'^ . 


O F T « ET 



The WORDS are deduced from their Originals, 
Explained in their Different Meanings, 

Authorized by the NAMES of the WRITERS 
in whofe Works they are found. 

AbftracSed from the Fo Lio Edition, 
By S A M U E L j'O H N S O N, A. M. 

To which is prefixed, 



V O L L 


Printed for J. Knapton ; C. Hitch and L. Hawes ; A. Millar; 
R. and J. Dodsley; and M. and T, Longman* 




'AVING been long employed in the fludy and culti- 

_ vation of the Englifh language, I lately pubHlhed a 

Hftionary like thofe compiled by the academies of Italy 

and France, for the ufe of fuch as afpire to exadnefs of 

criticifm or elegance of ftyle. 

Butit has been fince confidered that works of that kind 
are by no means neceflliry to the greater number of readers, 
who, feldom intending to write or prefuming to judge, 
turn over books only to amufe their leifure, and to gain de- 
grees of knowledge fuitable to lower charadlers, or neceffary 
to the common bufinefs of life : thefe know not any other ufe 
of a diflionary than that of adjufting orthography, or ex- 
plaining terms of fcience or words of infrequent occurrence 
or remote derivation. 

For thefe purpofes many didlionaries have been written 
by different authors, and with different degrees ol fkili ; but 
none of them have yet fallen into my hands by which even 
the loweft expefl tions could be fatisfied. Some of their 
authors wanted induftry, and others liierarure : fome knew 
not their own defeds, and others were too idle to fupply 

For this reafon a fmall didionary appeared yet to be want- 
ing to common readers : and, as I may without arrogance 
claim to myfelf a longer acquaintance with the lexicography 
of our language than any other writer has had, i ihaLl 
hope to be confidered as having more experience at lead: than 
molt of my predeceffors, and as more likely to accommo- 
date the nation with a vocabulary ot daily ufe. I therefore 
offer to the publick an abftrad or epitome of my former work. 


The P R E F A C E. 

In comparing this with other didlionaries of the fame kind 
it will be lound to have fcveral advantages. 

I. It contains many words not to be found in any other. 

II. Many barbarous terms and phrafes by which other dic- 
tionaries may vitiate the flyle are reje6led from this. 

III. The words are more corredlly fpelled, partly by at- 
tention to their etymology, and partly by obfervation of the 
praftice cf the bcft authors. 

IV. The etymologies and derivations, whether from fc- 
reign languages or from native roots, are more diligently 
traced, and more diftind:ly noted. 

V. The fenfes of each word are more copioufly enume- 
rated, and more clearly explained. 

VI. Many words occurring in the elder authors, fuch as 
Spenfer, Shakefpeare, and Milton, v/hich had been hither- 
to omitted, are here carefully inlerted ; fo that this book 
may ferve as a glofiary or expofitory index to the poetical 

VII. To the words, and to the different fenfes of each word, 
are fubjoined from the large didionary the names of] thofe 
writers by whom they have been ufed -, fo that the reader 
who knov/s the different periods of the language, and the 
tmie of its authors, may judge of the elegance or preva- 
lence of any word, or meaning of a word •, and without re- 
curring to other books, may know what are antiquated, 
what are unufual, and what are recommended by the belt 

The words of this didionary, as oppofed to others, are 
more diligently colleded, more accurately fpelled, more 
faithfully explained, and more authentically afcertained. Of 
an abftrad it is not neceffary to fay more ; and I hope, it 
will not be found that truth requires me to fay lefs. 

G R A 


O F T H E 


GRAMMAR, which is the Roman. ItalJck. Oldjngliih. Name. 
art of ufi-iig ijjords properly, 
comprifes four parts ; Orthogi aphy, 
Etymology, Syntax, and Prorody. 

In this divifion and order of the parts of 
grammar I follow the common grammarians, 
vrithout enquiring; whether a fitter diftribu- 
tion might not he found. Experience has 
long fhown this method to be fo diftinct as 
to obviate confufion, and fo comprcheiifive 
as to prevent any inconvenient omilhons. I 
likewife ufe the terms already received, and 
already underftood, though perhaps others 
more proper might fometimes be invented. 
Sylburjjius, and other innovators, whcfe new 
terms have funk their learning into negledl, 
have left fufficient warning againft the trif- 
ling ambition of teaching arts in a new lan- 









































u (or va 







•V confon. 





m iu 

double u 





















xid, more 

commonly tx- 




it is, j'hard. 

Orthography i^ tbe art of com- 
hining letters into fyllables, and lyllables 
into I'jords. It therefore teaches pre- 
vioufly the form and found of letters. 

The letters of the Englifh language 

Roman. Italick. Old Englifh. Name. 






























































i (or ja 







j confon. 































To thefe may be added certain combina- 
tions of letters univerfally ufed in printing ; 
as ft, ft, fl, n, fb, ik, ff, ff, fi, ffi, fi, ffi, ffl, 
and &, or and per Jl-, and. ^tft-ifiifiif'y 
Jk, fi,IJh/', fi, ffi, ffl. ^. ft, ft, fl, II, ff. 

Our letters are commonly reckoned twen- 
ty-four, becaufe anciently / and^', as well as 
u and "v, were expreii'ed by the fame charac- 
ter ; but as thofe letters, which had always 
different powers, have nov/ difTerent forms, 
our alphabet may be properly laid to confift 
of twenty- fix letters. 

None of the fmall confonants have a dou- 
ble form, except/, s ; of which/is ufed in 
the beginning and middle, and s at the end. 

Vowels are five, a, e, i, o, u. 
Such is the number generally re- 
ceived ; but for i it is the pradice to 
write j; in the end of words, as thy, 
holy ; before /, as from die, dying ; 
from beautif, beautif\iiig ; in the 
words y^w, dkiys, e-jes; and in words 
derived from the Greek, and vvritten 
originally with v, Vii Jyjiem, avrvy^n^ 
fympathy, av^.'ux^iix. 

a 'for 


For u we often write iy after a ruftick pronunciation j as maun for w^k, 
vowel, to make a diphthong; as bound ior hand, 
ranv, greiv, 'vieav, 'vonxi, Jlo'xving, 

The founds of all the letters are 

In treating on the letters, I iTiall not, like 
fome other grammarians, enquire into the 
original of their form as an antiquarian ; 

The fhort a approaches to the a 
open, z% grafs. 

The long a, if prolonged by e at 
the end of the word, is always flen- 
der, as graze, fame. 

A forms a diphthong only with / or 
y, and u or vj. Ai ox ay, as 'wiplaitty 

nor into their formation ani prolation by '^ain, zav, clay, has Only the found 

tom^'or fJT\"" " '"/^^^anick, ana- ^ ^^^^^ ^^^ fl^^^er a, , and dif- 

tomilt, or phyfiologift : nor mto the proper- . . o , • r 

ties and gradation offounds, or the elegance fers not m the pronunciation frOm 

or harfhnefs of particular combinations, as plane, ntjaJie. 

a writer of univcrfal and tranfcendental Ju or a^W has the found of the 

grammar. I confider the Englift alphabet German a, as ra^, naughty. 

only as it is Englim ; and even in this nar- * -^ 

row view I follow the example of former ^f is fometimes found in Latin words not 

grammarians, perhaps with more reverence completely naturalifed or affimilated, but is 

than judgment, becaufe by writing in Englifh no Englifli diphthong ; and is more properly 

I fuppofe my reader already acquainted with expreifed by fingle e, as Ccfar, Emas. 

the Englifli language ; and.becaufe of foui«ds 
In general it m?y be obferved, that words are 
unable to defciibc them. An account there- 
fore of the prirr.itive and fimple letters is ufe- 
lefs almoft alike to thofe who know their 
found, and thofe who know it not. 


E is the letter which occurs moft frequent- 
ly in the Englifli language. 

E is long, as in fce/ie ; or fliort, 
as in cellar, ji par ate, celebrate, mhty 

It is always fiiort before a double 
confonant, or two conforiants, relent, 
nudl .r, reptile,, fir pent, cellar, ccjja- 
tion, hlcjfmg, fell, felling, deht. 

E is always mute at the end of a 
word, e.xcept in monofyllables that 
have no other vowel, as the ; or pro- 
per names, as Penelope, Phehe, Derbe; 
being ufed to modify the foregoing 
ed very juftly by Erpenius, in his Arabick coniOTi'dnt, BS fnce, once, heJjj^e, oblige; 

or to lengthen the preceding vowel, 
as ban, bjne ; can, cane ; pin, pine ; 
tiln, tune ; rob, robe ; pop, pope; flr^ 
fire ; cur, care ; tub, tube. 

A has three founds, the fiender, 
open, and broad. 

A fiender is found in moft words, 
z.%face, 7nane; and in words ending 
jn at I on, as creation, falvaticn, gene- 

The a (lender is the vropcr Englifli a, call 

Grammar, a Anglicum cmt: e mifium, as hav 
ing a middle found between the open a and 
the c. The French have a fimilar found in 
the word pais, and in their irmafculinc. 

-reopen is the a of the Italian, or 
nearly refembles it; 2S father, rather, 
congratu ate, fancy, glfi- 

A broad refembles the a of the 
German ; as all, ^isall, call. 

Many words pronounced with a broad 

were anciently written witli au, as fault, 

mault ; and we ftill fay fault, 'vault. This 

was probably the Saxon found, for it is \et 

s-etaineJ in the northern dialedls, and in the calls it the fiient e. 

Almofl: all words which now terminate in 
confonants ended anciently in e, as year, 
yeare ; tuild/iep, ivi IdneJJ'c ; which e proba- 
bly had the force of the French c feminine, 
and conftituted a fyllable with its affociate con- 
fonant ; for, in old editions, words are fome- 
times divided thus, dea-re, fd-k, kncnuled~ 
ge. This e was perhaps for a time vocal 
or filent in poetry as convenience required ; 
but it has been long wholly mute, Camden 



It does not always lengthen the 
foregoing vowel, as gL've, li^vc, 

It has fometimes in the end of 
words a found obfcure, and fcarcely 
perceptible, as ope», JJjcpen, Ihotten, 
thijlle, participle, metre, lucre. 

E forms a diphthong with a ; as 
near ; wuh i, as deiti, receive ; and 
with u or -Tu, as neiv, flewc. 

Ea founds like e long, as mean ; 
or like ee, as dear, clear, near. 

Ei is founded like e long, a.ifeize, 

Eu founds as u long and foft. 

E, a, u are combined in beauty 
and its derivatives, but have only 
the found of u. 

E may be faid to form a diph- 
thong by reduplication, as agree, 

Eo is found in yeomen, where it is founded 
as e fhort ; and in people, wliere it is pro- 
Rounccd like ce, 


/has a found long, Zi/lne ; and 
fhort, SLifin. 

That is eminently obfervable in /, which 
may be likewife remarked in other letters, 
that the fhort found is not the long found 
contracted, but a found wholly different. 

The long found in monofyllables 
is always marked by the e linal, as 
thin, thine. 

I is often founded before r as a fhort 
a ; as firt, firfi, jhirt. 

It forms a diphLhong only with e, 
Z'i Jirldy fiield, which is founded as 
the double ee ; except y)-/VW, wixich 
is founded &sfrevii. 

/is joined with euia lieu, and eiu la njietu j 
which triphthongs are founded as tl>i; open u. 


O is long, as b'j7ie, chcdient, corrZd- 
ing \ or fliort, as hUch, biock, oLiicue, 

Wcmcii is pronounced ji^mf/?. 

The ftiort o has fometimes the found of a 

clofe Uf as fon, ceme, 

O coalefces into a diphthong with 
a, as jnoan^ groan, approach ; cja has 
the found of o long. 

is united to e in fome words derived from 
Greek, as ceconomy ; but oe being not aa 
Englifli diphthong, they are better written as 
they are founded, with only e, economy. 

With /, as vil, foil, moil, noijome. • 

This coalition of letters feems to unite 
the founds of the two letters as far as two 
founds can be united without being deftroy- 
ed, and therefore approaches more nearly 
than any combination in our tongue to the 
notion of a diphthong. 

With 0; as hoct, hoot, cooler ; oo 
has the found of the Italian u. 

With II or 'It', as our, ponxer,f,o'W' 
er ; but in fome words has only the 
found of long, as in foul, bo-ixl, 
jo-zv, gro<Tv. Thefe different founds 
are ufed to diflinguifh different iig- 
nifications ; as bo'w, an inftrument 
for (hooting ; bonv, a depreffion of 
the head ; fonu, the fhe of a boar ; 
fotv, to fcatter feed : bc^J, an or- 
bicular body ; bov:l, a wooden vef- 

Oil is fometimes pronounced like 
foft, ^^ court ; fometimes like o 
Ihort, as cough ; fometimes like u 
ciofe, as could; or u open, as rcughy 
tough ; which ufe only can teach. 

Ou is frequently ufed in the laft fyllable 
of words which in Latin end in or, and are 
made Engliih, as honour, labour, fa'vour, from 
honor, labor, faiior. 

Some late innovators have ejeflcd the a, 
without confidering that the laft fyllable 
gives the found neither of o/- nor ur, but a 
found between them, 'if not compounded oi 
both J befides that they are probably derived 
to us from the French nouns iii cur, as bi- 
71! ur, fai;eur. 


U is long in iile, coTifufion ; or n.ort* 
as lis, con^ijfiu'i. 

It coaleices Vv'ith «, e, /, c ; but 
has rather in thtfe coivibivi.'iriona 


the force of the <vj confonant, as cular, ciJJern, city, ftccity: before «, 

(juoJJ, qiiejl, quit, quite, laJiguifo ; 
fometimes in «/ the / lofcs its found,- 
as in juice. It is fometimes mute be- 
fore a, e, i, y, as guard, guejl, guife, 

U is fo'lowed by e in -virtue, -but the e has 
no found. 

Ue is fometimes mute at tlie end of a woid, 
in imitation of the French, as prorogue, 
Jynagogue, flaguc, -vague, harangue. 

and u, it founds like k, as calmy 
concavity, copper, incorporate, curio- 
Jit;, concupifcence. 

C might be omitted in the language with- 
out lofs, fincc one of its founds might be 
fuppUcd by /, and the other by k, but that 
it preferves to theeye the etymology of words, 
as face horn faces, cafiive from capti-vui, 

Ch has a found which is analyfed 

into tjh, as church, chin, crutch. It is 

^' the lame found which the Italians 

ris a vowel, which, as Quintilian give to the c fimple before i and e^ 

obferves ot one of the Roman letters, as citta, ccrro. 

we might want without inconveni- Ch is founded like k in words de- 
ence, but that we have it. It fup- rived from the Greek, as chymijfy 
plies the place of i at the end of fche?nc, cholcr. Arch is commonly 
words, as thy ; before an i, as dyirig ; founded ark before a vowel, as arch- 
and is commonly retained in deriva- argel ; and with the Engliih found of 
live words where it was part of a ch before a confonant, as archbijhop. 
diphthong in the primitive; as dejiroy. 

dejiroyer ; betray, betrayed, betrayer ; 
pray, prayer ; fay, fayer ; da:, days 

T being the Saxon vowel y, which was 
commonly ufcd where / is now put, occurs 
*ery frequently in all old books. 

General Rules. 

A vowel in the beginning or mid- 
dle fyllable, before two cor.fonants, 
is commonly Hiort, as '■Opportunity. 

Jn monofyllables a fingle vowel 
before a fingle confonant is fhort, as 
J'^-S^ frog. 



B has one unvaried found, fuch 
as ic obtains in other languages. 

It is mute in debt, debtor, fubtle, 
i-juht, uvnh, limb, dumb, thumb, climb, 
comb, <ivo7nb. 

It is ufeti before / arr>; r, as Hack, broiuti, 

. C. 

Ch, in fome French words not yet aflimi- 
latcJ, founds like_y7-i, as machim, chaife. 

C, according to English orthography, 
never ends a word j therefore we write 
Pick, Hock, which were originally picke, 
blocke, in fuch words. C is now mute. 

It is ufed before /and r, as clock, crsfs, 


Is uniform in its found, as death, 


It is ufed before r, as draw, drojs j and 19, 
as diucll. 


F, though having a name begin- 
ning with a vowel, ic is numbered 
by the grammarians among the fe- 
mivowels, yet has this quality of a 
mute, that it is commodioufly found- 
ed before a liquid, -d^jiajk, fy, frec- 
kle. It has an unvariable found, ex- 
cept that of is fometimes fpoken 
nearly as o-u. 


G has two founds, one hard, as 

C has before (T and /■ the found of in gay, go, gun; the other foft, as 
J ; as Jmcerely, centrick, century, cir- in gem, giant. 



At the end of a word it is always 
bard, ring, fnug, fong, frog. 

Before e and i the found is uncer- 

G before e is foft, as gem, genera- 
tion, except in gear, geld, geefe, get, 
geivgaiu, and derivatives from words 
ending in ^, asjinging, Jlrongcr, and 
generally before er at the end of 
words, Z.S finger. 

G is mute before n, as gnajh, fign, 

G before / is hard, as gl've, ex- 
cept in giant, gigantick, gibbet , gibe, 
giblets, giles, gill, giliijioojcer, gin, 
ginger, gingle, gipfy. _ 

Gb in the beginning of a word 
has the found of the hard g, as 
ghojily ; in the middle, and fome- 
times at the end, it is quite filent, as 
though, right, fought, fpoken tho\ 
rite, foute. 

It has often at the end the found 
ofy, zs laugh ; whence laughter re- 
tains the fame found in the middle j 
cctigh, trough, fough, tough, enough, 

It is not to be doubted, but that in the o- 
liginal pronunciation gb tlie force of a 
confonant, deeply guttural, which is flill 
continued among the Scotch. 

G is ufed before h, /, and r. 

U E. 


K has the found of hard <r, and 
is ufed before e and /, where, ac- 
cording to Englilh analogy, c would 
be foft, as kept, king, fkirt, fkeptick^ 
for fo it fhould be written, noifcep- 

It is ufed before r, ap knell, knot, but to- 
tally lofes its found. 

K is never doubled ; but c is ufed 
before it to (horten the vowel by at 
double confonant, as cockle, pickle. 


H h z note of afpiration, and 
fliows that the follovvfing vowel muft 
be pronounced with a llrong emiffi- 
on of the breath, as hat, horfe. 

It feldom, perhaps never, begins 
any but the firit fyllable, in which it 
is always founded with a full breath, 
except in heir, herb, hofller, honour, 
bumble, honeji, humour, and their 


y confonant founds uniformly like 
the foft g, and is therefore a letter 
ufelefs, except in etymology, as eja- 
as'aiic.'i .j^jhr, jocund, juice. 

L has in Engli(h the fame liquid 
found as in other languages. 

The cuftom is to double the / at the end 
of monofyllables, as kill, will, full. Thefi^ 
words were originally written kille, tville, 
fulle ; and when the e firft grew filent, and 
was afterwards omttied, the // was retained, 
to give force, according to the analogy of 
our language, to the foregoing vowel. 

L is fometimes mute, as in calf, 
half, halfcs, calves, could, nuouldf 
fhould, pfal/n, talk, falmon, falcon. 

The Saxons, who delighted in -guttural 
founds, fometimes afpirated the /at the be- 
ginning of words, as hli'p, a loaf, or bread \ 
hlapcfi'T), a lord] but this pronunciation is 
now difufed, 

Le at the end of words is pro- 
nounced like a weak el, in which, 
the e\i almoftmute, as tabfe,Jhuttle. 

M has always the fame found, as 
murmur, nwnufnental. 


N has always the fame found^ as 
noble, manners. 

N is fometimes mute after m, as 
damn, condemn, hymn. 


P has always the fame found, 
which the VVelih and Germans con- 
found with 5. 


P is fometimes mute, as in pfulm, 
and between 7n and t, as tempt. 

Ph is ufed for /in words derived 
from the Greek, as philofopher, phi- 
lanthropy, Philip. 

like/ if it follows a confonant, as 


Jt founds like z before e mute, as 
refu/e, and before y final, as rojy ; 
and in thofe words, hoj'om, dejire, 
ijoifdom, prifon, prifoiser, prejent, pre- 
fer! t, damjel, cafement. 

^, as in other languages, i> al- it is the peculiar quality of /, that it 
ways followed by u, and has a iound may be founded before all confonants, ex- 
which our S ixon ancellors well ex- cept a; and x;, in which/ is comprifed, x 
prefledbycP c^w, ^^ qud'dr ant, amen, being only Z., and « a hard or grols/. This 
■» „ . ^ ., ^ . ■* /IS ihererore termed bv grammarians wee 

equejlrian, quilt, enquiry, quire, quo- ' ^^,^:.^,y„ /,,,,^ . ^he reafon of which the 
tidian. ^ is never followed \>y u. • . ~ — . ~ ^ , , 

^ns fometimes founded, in words 
derived from the French, like k, as 
conquer, liquor, rifque, chequer. 

learned Dr. Clarke erroneoufly fuppofed to 
be, that in feme words it might be doubled 
at pleafure. Thus we find in feveral lan- 
guages : 

25£VV0|Wi , fcatter, fdegno, fdmcdolo, ffa-vellare, 
<r^ly^, fgombrare, fgranare, fhake, Jlumber, 
fmtll, jlrifc, [pace, fplendour, (pring, jqueexe, 

R has the fame rough fnarling fi'-,'iv,Jhp,jinngth,Jiramcn,J-vcntu,-a,f'well. 


found as in other tongues. 

The Saxons ufed often to put h before it, 
as before / at the, beginning of words. 

Rh is ufed in words derived from the 
Greek, as myrrh, myrrhlnc, catarrhus, rheum, 
rbcuma'Ack, rkyuie. 

Re, at the end of fome words de- 
rived from the Latin or French, is 
pronounced like a weak er, as the- 
atre, fejyidchre. 

S has a hilling found, as fihilatioii, 

A finglc J feldom ends any word, except 
the third peifon of verbs, as lo-ves, groivs ; 
and the plurals of nouns, as trees, tujbcs, 
dijlrejj'cs ; the pronoyns this, his, ours, yours, 
us; the adverb r/;«i ; and words derived from 
Latin, as rebus, jiirplus ; the clofe being al- 
ways either in Je, as houfe, horfc, or in fs, 
as grafs, drejs, l>lifs, lejs, sncicntly graJJ'e, 

S is mute in 


ijJe, ifiand, deinefne^ 


T has its cuftomary found, as 
take, tanptation. 

Ti before a vowel has the found 
of /, as falvation, except an / 
goes before, as qiiejlion, excepting 
likewiie derivatives itomy, as fnighty^ 

Th has two founds ; the one foft, 
as thus, ivhether ; the other hard, 
as thing, think. The found is foft 
in thele words, then, thence, and 
there, with their derivatives and 
compounds, that, thejc, thou, thee, 
th)\ thi'ne, their, they, this, thefe, them, 
though, thus, and in all words be- 
tween two vowels, as father, nuhe- 
ther ; and between r and a vowel, 
as burthen. 

In other words it is hard, as thick, 

thunder, faith, faithful. Where it 

is foftened at the end of a word, an 

.S fingle, at the end of words, has ^ fijcnt mult be added, as breath, 

n _ / ^ _ _. _- ijyg^^jj^.^ cloth, clothe. 

z grofler found, like that of z, as 
trees, eyes, except //'//, thus, us, re- 
bus, furplus. 

It founds like ;:: before ion, if a 
vowel goes bclore, as intnfion; and 


V has a found of near affinity to 
that of /, 'vain, 'vanity. 



From y"iii the Iflandick alphabet, -v is 
cnly diftjiiguiihed by a diacritical point, 


Ofay, which in diphthongs is of- 
ten an undoubted vowel, fome gram- 
marians have doubted whether it e- 
ver be a confonant ; and not rathec 
as it is called a double u or oa, es 
nvater may be refolved into ouater ; 
but letters of the fame found are al- 
ways reckoned confonants in other 
alphabets : and it may be obfcrved, 
that w follows a vowel vvithout any 
hiatus or difiiculty of utterance, as 
ffojly nvinter. 

Wh has a found accounted pecu- 
liar to the Englifh. which the Saxons 
better exprefl'ed by hp, h^vo, as <vjhat, 
nvhence, •vjhiting ; in nvhore only, 
and fometimes in nvkolefome, ixh is 
founded like a fimple h. 


X begins no Englifh word ; it has 
she lound of ks, as axle, extraneous. 


Y, when it follows a confonant, 
is a vowel ; when it precedes either 
vowel or diphthong, is a confonant, 
3ii ye, -young. It is thought by fome to 
be in all cafes a vowel. But it may 
be obferved of y as of ^m, that it 
follows a vowel without any hiatus, 
as rofy youth. 


Z begins no word originally Eng- 
lifh ; it has the found, as its name 
izzard or /hard expreffes, of an /' 
uttered uich clofer comprelhon of 
the palate by the tongue, as freeze, 

In orthography I have fuppofed orthoepy, 
or jufi utterance of ivords, to be included ; 
orthography being only the art of cxpreflir.g 
certain founds by proper characters. I have 
therefore obferved in what words any of the 
Jettcrs are mute, 

Moft of the writers of Englifh grammar 
have given long tables of v.ords pronounced 
otherwife than they are written, and feem 
not fufficiently tc^have confidercd, that of 
Englifh, as of all living tongues, there is a 
double pronunciation, one curfory and col- 
loquial, the other regular and folemn. The 
turfory pronunciation is always vague and 
uncertain, being made different in different 
mouths by negligence, unfki fulncfs, or af- 
teftation. The folemn pronunciation, though 
by no means immutable and permanent, is 
yet always lefs remote from the orthography, 
and lefs liable to capricious innovation. 
They have however generally formed their 
tables according to the curfory fpeech of thole 
with whom they happened to converfe j and 
concluding that the whole nation combines 
to vitiate language in one manner, have of- 
ten cftablifhed the jargon of the loweft of 
the people as the modtl cf fpeecli. 

For pronunciation the beft general rule is, 
to confider thcll- as the moli: elegant fpeakers 
who deviate Itaft from the written words. 

There have been many fcl;emes ofrered for 
the emendation and fettlement of our ortho- 
graphy, which, like that of other nations, 
being I'o) med by chance, or according to the 
fancy of the earliefl writers in rude ages, 
was at firli very various and uncertain, and 
is yet fuf^.ciently irregular. Of thefe re- 
formers fome have endeavoured to accommo- 
date orthography better to the pronunciation, 
without confidering that this is to meafure 
by a fliadow, to take that for a model or 
ftandard which is changing while they apply 
it. Others, lefs abfurdly indeed, but with 
equal unlikelihood of fuccefs, have endea- 
voured to proportion the number of letters to 
that of founds, that eveiy found an ay have 
its own charafter, and every charaifter a 
fingle found. Such would be the orthogra- 
phy of a new language to be formed by a fy- 
nod of grammarians upon principles of fci- 
ence. But who can hope to prevail on na- 
tions to change their pradlcc, and make all 
their old books ufelefs ? or what advantage 
would a new orthography procure equivalent 
to the confufion and perplexity of fuch an 
alteration ? 

Some of thefe fchemes I fhall however ex- 
hibit, which may be ufed according to the 
diverfities of genius, as a guide to reformers, 
or terrour to innovators. 

One of the firfl: who propofcd a fcheme of 
regular orthography, was Sir Thomas Smith, 
fccretary of ftate to Queen Elizabeth, a man 
of real learning, and muchpraf^iled in gram- 
matic-al difquifitions. Had he written the 
following lines according to Lis theme, they 
would have appeared thusi 

• At 


Dr. Gill was followed by Charles Butler, a 
man who did not want an underftanding 
which might have qualified him for better 
employment. He feems to have been more 
fanguine than his predecefibrs, for he printed 
his book accordijig to his own fcheme f 
which the following fpecimen will make ea- 
fily underftood. 

At length Erafmus, that great injur'd name, 
The glory of the priefthood, and the fhame, 
Stemm'd the wild torrent of a harb'rous age. 
And drove thofe holy Vaodals off the ftage. 

At lengS Erafmus, «at gret Yn jurd nam, 

Ae glorV of <5e prefthiid, and ?.e zam, 

Stemmd Se wild torrent of a barb'rous aj, 

And dibv iSbs hbli Vandals offSe ftaj. „ , ^ 

But whenfoever you haveoccanon to trou- 

Af^er him another mo-le of writing was We their patience, or te come among them 

offered by Dr. Gill, the celebrated mafter of being troabled, it is better to ftand upon your 

St Paul's fchool in London ; which lean- guard, than to truft to their gentlenefs. For 

jjot reprefent exadly for want of types, but the fafeguard of your face, which tiiey have 

vill approach as neailv as I can by means of moft mmd unto, provide a purfehood, made 

charaflers now in ufe fo as to make it under- of coarfe boultermg, to be drawn and kilit 

ftood exhibiting twoftanias of Spenfer in about your collar, which for more fafety is 

^i--„.f J -.fU„„r,„W„. to be lined agamft the eminent parts with 

the reformed orthography. 

Spenfer, book iii. canta 5. 

Unthankful wretch, faid he, is this the meed. 
With which her fovereign mercy thou doft 

quite ? 
Thy life (he faved by her grncious deed ; 
But thou doft ween with villanous defpight. 
To blot her honour, and her heav'nly light. 
Die, rather die, than fo difioyally, 
Deem of her high defert, or feem fo light, 
fair death it is to rtiun more fliame 5 then 

Die, rather die, than ever love difioyally. 

But if to love difloyalty it be. 
Shall I then hate her, that from deathes door 
■Me brought ? ah ! far be fuch reproach from 

woollen cloth. Firft cut a piece about aa 
inch and a half broad, and half a yard long, 
to reach round by the temples and forehead, 
from one ear to the other ; which being 
fowed in his place, join unto it two fhort 
pieces of the fame breadth under the eyes, 
for the balls of thechceks, and then fet an- 
other piece about the breadth of a fliilling 
againfl the top of the nofe. At other times, 
when they are not angered, a little piece 
half a quarter broad, to cover the eyes and 
parts about them, may ferve though it be in 
the heat of the day. 

Bet penfcever you hav' occafion to trubble 
JSeir patienc", or to coom among tSem b<;«ng 
trubled, it is better to ftand upon your gard, 
San to truft to Seir gentlenes. For Se I'af 

What can I lefs do, than her love therefore, gard of your tac , p.o «ey hav moft mind 

Sith I her-due reward cannot reftore ? ""to. Vovid a purfeh^sd mad of c.wfe 

Die, rather die, and dying do her ferve, boultermg, to b.. drawn and knit about your 

Dying her ferve, and living her adore. collar, pD for mor faf ty is to b.r hned a- 

Thy life fte gave, thy life fhe doth defervc ; gamft 8 eminent parts wit Woollen clot 

Die, rather die, than ever from her fervice 

Vnlitfnkful wrea, f lid hi, iz 5is J5e mjd, 
Wi'^ hJiD hsr fo'i3i:aln mErfi iSou duft qujt ? 
Dj lif p falud bj her grafius djd ; 
But Sou duft wen wil) Ijihnus difpjt, 
Tu bloc hsr honor, and htr helinlj li/'t. 
D], roSsr dj, S = n fo didoi.jlj, 
Dim of her hi/j dszErt, or fjm fo liM. 
Fair dd) it iz tu fun mt;r fim ; Ssn dj. 
Ui, rr.Sirdj, J5;n itja- lull difloii.Ij. 

"Butiftu iulidifloialtj itbj, 
■Sal I San hat har Sat from d^S^z diwr 

JA\ broii/tt ? ah\ iar bj fuD r?pro3 from mj. 

VJat kan I las do <S=n h: lull Strfoir, 
,S')h I her du riv.ard kanor reftwr ? 

Di ivi'Serdj, and djij du hafirb, 

Djij hn ftrl), and liUig hsr adajr. 

Dj Ijf ri pii's *i 'jf r.i '-"^ dszerb ; 

Dj,'r.:i£r di, i,n i'Oii hoxa ha uiiiis fw-'jb. 

Firft cut a jieec about an in3 and a half 
broad, and half a yard long, to reaa round 
by Se temples and for'head, from one ear to 
SeoSer; pia baing fowed in his plac', join 
unto it two port p«ces of the fam breadt 
under Seeys, for the bah of Se cheeks, and 
thun fet an oSer ptcc' about iz breadz of a 
pilling againft the top of Se nofe. At cSer 
tim's, penSey ar' not angered, a little piec' 
half a quarter broad, to cover iSe eys and parts 
about them, may ferve Sowj it be in Se 
heat of Se day. Butkr on the Nature and 
Proferties of Bees, 1634. 

In the time of Charles I. there was a ve- 
ry prevalent inclination to change the ortho- 
graphy} as appears, among other books, in 
fuch editions of the works of Milton as 
were publifhed by himfelf. Of thefe re- 
formers everv man hsd his own fcheme ; 
but they a jreed in one ^encrsl -dclign ot ac- 

E N G L I S H T ON G U E: 

commodating the letters to the pronuncia- 
tion, by ejecting fuch as they thought fu- 
perfluous. Some of them would have writ- 
ten thefe lines thus : 

•All the erth 

Shall then be paradis, far happier place 
Than this of Eden, an4 far happier dais. 

Bifliop Wilkins afterwards, in his great 
work of the philofophical language, propofed, 
without expecting to be followed, a regular 
orthography j by which the Lord's prayer is 
to be written thus ; 

Yar Fadherhaitfh art in heven, halloed bi 
dhyi nam, dhyi cingdym cym, dhyi aill bi 
c'yn in erth as it is in heven, &c. 

We have fince had no general reformers ; 
but fome ingenious men have endeavoured 
to deferve well of their country, by writing 
honor and labor for honour and labour, red for 
read in the preter-tenfe, fat's for fays, repete 
for repeat, explar.e for explain, or declame for 
declaim. Of thefe it may be faid, that as 
they have done no good, they have done lit- 
tle harm ; both becaufe they have innovated 
little, and becaufe few have followed them. 


ETYMOLOGY teaches the 
dedudion of one word from 
another, and the various modifica- 
tions by which the fenfe of the fame 
Vvord is diverfified ; as horfe, horfes ; 
I love, I lonjed. 

Of the Article. 

The Englifh have two articles, an 
or «, and the. 

An, a. 

A has an indefinite fignification, 
and means one, with fome reference 
to more ; as, ^his is a good hook, thsit 
is, one among the books that are good. 
He ivas killed hy a J^word^ that \s,Jome 
Jhvord. This is a better book for a ?nan 
than a hoy, that is, for one of thofe 
that are inen than one of thfe that 
are hoys. An army might enter niiith- 
cut refifance, that is, any army. 

In the fenfes in which we ufe a or 
an in the fingularj we fpeak in 

the plural without an article; as, 
thefe are good books, 

I have made an the original article, be- 
caufe it is only the Saxon an, or aen, oncy 
applied to a new ufe, as the German cin, and 
the French un ; the n being cut oft' before a 
confonant in the fpeed of utterance. 

Grammarians of the laft age di- 
reft, that an fliould be ufed before 
h ; whence it appears that the Eng- 
lifh anciently afpirated lefs. An is 
Hill ufed before the filent h, as, an 
herb, an honejl }jian: but otherwife 
a ; as, 

A horfe, a horfe, my kingdom for 
a horfe. Shakefpeare. 

The has a particular and definite 

The fruit 
Of that forbidden tree, whofe mor- 
tal tafte 
Brought death into the world. 


That is, that particular f-uit, and 
this i.vorld in ivhich ixe li've. So He 
gi^oeth fodder for the cattle, and green 
herbs for the ife of man ; that is, for 
thoje beings that are cattle, . and his 
ife that is man. 

The is ufed in both numbers. 

I am as free as Nature firft made' 

Ere the bafe laws of fervitude be- 

When wild in woods the nohle fa- 
vage rail. Dry den. 

Many words are ufed without ar- 
ticles ; as, 

1. Proper names, as John, Alex- 
ander, Longimts,^AriJiarchus, Jcrufa- 
lem, Athetis, Rome, London. GoD is 
ufed as a proper name. 

2. Abftradt names, as blackmfs^ 
ixitchcraft, 'virtue, -vice, beauty, ug- 
linefs, love, hatred, anger, goodnature, 

b c. Words 


3. Words in which nothing but 
the mere being of any thing is im- 
plied : This is not heer, but nuater ; 
This is not im/s, hutjiee/. 

O/" Nouns Substantives. 

The relations of Englifh nouns to 
words going before or following are 
not exprefled by cafes, or changes of 
termination, but as in moil of the 
other European languages by pre- 
pofitions, unlefs we may be faid to 
have a genitive cafe. 

Nom, Maglftcr, <2 Mailer, ^^^Mafter. 
Gen. Magiftri, of a Matter, of the Mafter, 
crMafters, ?-6eMafters. 
Dat. Magiftro, /o a Mafter, w ^/^^ Mafter. 
Ace. Magiftrum, a Mafter, the Mafter. 
Voc. Magifter, Mafter, Mafter. 

Abl. Magiftroj/cwa Mafter,/rw« /;f><;Maft- 

l^om. M-Jgiftri, Mafters, the Mafters. 

Gen. Magiflrorum,o/Mafters,o/?i£Mafters. 
Dat. Magiftris, rJMafters, fo f/jeMafters. 
Ace. Magiftros, Mafte■.■s,?i)^ Mafters. 

Voc. Magiftri, Mafters, Mafters. 

Abl. Magiftrisj from Ma&eis,from rii^Maft- 


Our nouns are therefore only de- 
clined thus : 

Mafter, Gen, Mafters. P!ur, Mafters. 
Scholar, Gtn, Scholars. Plur. Scholars. 

no more propriety than he might have ap- 
plied the fame to the genitive in equitum 
decui, Troja oris, or any other Latin geni- 

This termination of the noun feems to 
conftitute a real genitive indicating pofTefTion. 
It is derived to us from thofe v/ho declined 
fmiS, afmith ; Gen. fmiiSer, of a fmitb j 
Plur. pmiSep, or j-miSap, fmiths ; and fd 
in two other of their feven declenfions ■ 

It is a further confirmation of this opinion, 
that in the old poets both the genitive and 
plural were longer by a fyllable than the ori- 
ginal word ; knitis, for knight'' s, in Chaucer; 
lea-vis, for leaves, in Spenfer. 

When a word ends in s, the genitive may 
be the fame with the nominative, as Venus 

The plural is formed by adding s, 
as table, tables ; file, flies ; ftfler, 
fiflers ; <vjood, ivoods ; or es where s 
could not otherwife be founded, as 
after ch, s, fh, x, z ; after c found- 
ed like s, and g like J ; the mute r 
is vocal before s, as lance, lances; 
outrage, outrages. 

The formation of the plural and genitive 
fingular is the fame. 

A few words yet make the plural in n, 
as men, women, onen, f-wine, and more an- 
ciently eycn and Jhoon. Th'« formation is 
that which generally prevails in the Teuto- 
niclc dialeiSts. 

Words that end in f commonly 
form their plural by fves, as Joaf, 
loaves i calf, calves. 

Thefe genitives are always written with 
a mark of elifion, mafter'' s, j'cholars, accord- 
ing to an opinion long received, that the 'i 
is a contraftion of bis, as the Joldier^ s -valour, 
ioi' the joldier his -valour: but this cannot be 
the irua original, becaufe 'j is put to female 
nouns, TVomans beauty ; the 'Virgin s delicacy ; 
Uaughtyfuno' s unrelenting hate : and coUedlive 
nouns, as JVomcn' s pajjions 5 the rabble's in- 
folence ; the multitude'' s folly ; in. all thefe cafes 
it is apparent that his ca;iilot ',s underftood. 
We fay likewile, the foundation s ftrength, the 
d'lamond'' s luftre, the ivinter^s fei/crity ; but in 
thefe cafes his may be underftood, he and his 
having formerly been applied to neuters in 
the place now fupplied by it and its. 

The learned, the fagacious Wallis, to 
whom every Englifli grammarian owes a tri- 
b ute of reverence, calls this modification of 
th e noun an adjeftive p'^fj'cjfv-i j I think with 

Except a few, muff, muffs j chief, chiefs. 
So hoof, roof, proof, relief, mij'chief, puffg 
cuff, d-warf, handkerchief, grief. , 

Irregular plurals are teeth from tooth, lice 
from loiije, mice from mouje, gcefe from goofe^ 
fet from foot, dice from die, pence i\om pen- 
ny, brethren from brother, children from 

Plurals ending in s have no geni- 
tives ; but we fay, Womens excel- 
le/tcies, and Weigh the mens ix)its a- 
gainji the ladies hairs. Pope. 

Dr. Wallis thinks the Lords houfe may be 
faid for the houfe of Lords ; but fuch phrafes 
are not now in ufe ; and furely an Englifh 
ear rebels againft tliem. 



Of Adjectives. 

Adjedtives in the EngHlh language 
are wholly indeclinable ; having 
neither cafe, gender, nor number, 
and being added to fubftantives in 
all relations without any change ; 
as, a good ivoman, good ivotnen, of a 
good nvoman ; a good man, good tnsfiy 
tf good men. 

The Comparifon of AdjeSlinjes. 

The comparative degree of ad- 
Jedlives is formed by adding er, the 
fuperlative by adding efl, to the po- 
litive ; as, fair, izxxer, fa.iref ; /ove- 
ly, lovelier, loveli^ ; fivect, fweet?;-, 
iweeteji ; iow, lower, loweji ; high, 
highifr, highly?. 

Some words are irregularly com- 
pared; as good, better, left ; had, 
nuorfe, <worJi ; little, lejs, leaf ; 7iear, 
nearer, next ; much, more, mofl ; ma- 
ny (or moe), more (for moer), mof 
(for moeft) ; late, later, latefl or 

Some comparatives form a fuper- 
lative by adding mof, as nether, ne- 
thermof ; outer, outmof ; under, ujt- 
dermoji ; up, upper, uppermojl ; fore, 
former, foremoji. 

Mojl is fometimee added to a fub- 
llantive, as topmoft, fouthmofl. 

Many adjedtives do not admit of 
comparifon by terminations, and are 
only compared by 7nore and tnofl, as 
benevolent, more bettenjolent, mof be- 

All adjeftives may be compared 
by more and wo/?, even when they 
have comparatives and fuperlatives 
regularly formed ; as fair ; fairer, 
or more fair ; fairef, or ?»oJl fair. 

In adjedlives that admit a regular com- 
paiifon, the comparative more is oftener 
ufed than the fuperlative mojl, as more fair 
is oftener written for fairer, than nwji fair 

The comparifon of adjeftives is 
very uncertain ; and being much re- 
gulated by comraodiovjfnefs of utte- 


ranee, or agreeablenefs of found, is 
not eafily reduced to rules. 

Monofyllables are commonly com- 

Polyfyllables, or words of more 
than two fyllables, are feldom com- 
pared otherwife than by more and 
mof, as deplorable, more deplorable, 
7nof deplorable, 

Diffyllables are feldom compared 
if they terminate mfome, d^zfidfome, 
toilfome ; \\sful, as careful, fpleenful^ 
dreadful; in ing, as trifing, charm- 
ing ; in ous, as porous ; in lefs, as 
carelefs, harmlefs ; in ed, as njcretched; 
in id, as candid; in al, as tncrtal ; 
in ent, as recent, fervent ; in ain, as 
certain ; in ive, as miJ/Jve ; \nd\, as 
<woody ; in fy, as puffy ; in ky, as 
rocky, except lucky ; in my, as roo7)y\ 
in ny, as fifiny ; in py, as rcpy, ex- 
cept happy ; in ry, as hoary. 

Some comparatives and fuperlatives are yet 
found in good writers formed without regard 
to the foregoing rules ; but in a language 
fubjeded fo little and fo lately to grammar, 
fuch anomalies muft frequently occur. 

So Jhady is compared by Mihcn, 
She in jhaditfi covert hid, 
Tun'd her noctsmal note. Farad. Loji, 

And virtuous- 

What flie wills to fay or do. 
Seems wifeft, -virtuoufjl, difcreetcft, baft. 
Parad. Loft. 
So trifting by Ray, who is indeed of no great 
It is not fo decorous, in refpeft of God, 
that he fhould immediately do all the mean- 
eft and trifiingeft things himfelf, without 
making ufe of any inferior or fubordiiiate 
minifter. Ray on the Creation, 

Famous, by Milton, 

I fhall be named among the fimcufft 
Of women, fung at folemn feftivals. 

Milton s ylgonijles. 

Iri'venti've, by Afham. 

Thofe have the inventi-veft heads for all 
purpofes, and roundeft tongues in ail mat- 
ters. Afkanis Schoolmajler. 
Mortal, by Bacon. 

The rnortaleft poifons praftifed by the 

Weft Indians, have feme mixture of the 

blood, fatj or flefli of man. Bacon. 

b 2. isaturifl. 




They 7 Applied to 
Them 5 feminines. 

They I Applied to 
Them j neuters or 

Naiiira!, by fFotton. Singular. 

I will now deliver a few of the propereft 2\r(;;«. She 

and «ijf!/ra/M confiderations that belong to A^7,/•„. tT„„ 

this piece. muoni AnhitcBure. ^^^'?«^- -"^r 

Wretched, by yohnjon. Nom. It 

The wretcheder are the contemners of all QUIqh^^ Jjs 
helps ; fuch as prefiiming on their own na- 
turals, deride diligence, and mock at terms 

■when they underftand not things. B Johnf. „ . , o- r • 

„ r,\ T,A-, For z/ the praftice of ancient wn- 

Fcwerful, by Mi iton. f j r • r- 

We have fuftain'd one day in doubt- ters was to uie be, and tor its, bis. 
ful fight. The poiTeffive pronouns, like 0- 

Whatheav'ns great king hath /)ow%/K//tyZ ther adjedives, are without cafes or 

to fend change of termination. 

A?ainft us from about nis throne. _,^ «, „. r ..u c a r 

Farad. Lofl. The poflellive of the nrit perlon is 
7?iy, mhie, our, ours j of the fecond. 

The termination in ip mzy be accounted thy, thine, you, yours i of the third, 

infomefort a degree of comparlfon, by which from he, his, ixOm Jhe, her, and hers, 

the fignification is diminiflied below the pofi- ^^^ j^ ^j^^ r^ln^Ql /A-a,-.- thrive for 
tive, as black, biackifo, or tending to black- 

nefs j fait, faltip, or having a little tafte of "OtH lexes. 
fait : thev therefore admit no comparifon. 

This termination is feldom added but to Our, yours, hers, theirs, are ufed when the 

words exprefiing lenfible qualities, nor often fubftantive preceding is feparated by a verb, as 

to words of above one fyllable, and is fcarce- I'heje are ouxbooks. T'heje books are ours. Your 

^°^_ and in the plural their, theirs, for 

iy ufed in the folemn or fublime ftyle. 

Of Pronouns. 

Pronouns, in the Englifli language, 
are, /, thou, he, with their plurals 

children excel ours in feature, but ours farpafs 
yours in learning- 

Ours, yours, hers, theirs, notwithftanding 
their feeming plural termination, are appli« 
ed equally to Angular and plural fubftantives, 
as This book is ours. Ihcje books are ours. 

Mine and thine were formerly ufed before 

'we, ye, they, it, njcho, nvhich, ivhat, a vowel, as mine amiable lady ; which though 

^whether, nvhofocver, tvhatfo-ver, my, now difufed in profe, might be fHIl properly 

^L ^L- ^ .,„.,„ .,o.,,.r continued in poetry: they are ufed as ours 
mme^ our, ours, thy, thine, your, yours, , l*^, rj.. ri. 

' ♦, 7 7 . 1 ■ 1- 1 and>w«, when they are referred to a fub- 

bis, her, hers, their, theirs, this, that, fl^ntive preceding. 
other, another, thejame. , 


The pronoujis perfonal are irregular 
ly infleded. 

Nom. I 

Accuf. and other 7 
oblique cafes. 3 

i\W. Thou 

Oblique. Thee 

You is commonly ufed in modern writers Other oblioue Cafes 
for ye, particularly in the language of ce- 
remony, v;here the fecond pevfon plural is 
ufed for the fecond perfon fmgular. You ar? 
Vy friend. 





Their and theirs are the pofTeflives 
likewife of//, and are therefore ap- 
plied to things. 

Pronouns relative are, ^.vho, <vjhich, 
nvhat, nvhether, <v:hofoe'ver, ^^hatjo- 

Singular and Plural. 
No7n. Who 

Gen. Whofe 


Singular. Plural. 
No?n. He They J Applied to 

Oblique, Him Them^ mafculines, 

Nom. Which 

Gen. Of which, or whofe 
0,ther oblique cafes. Which 

WhoK nownjfed in relation to perfons, and 
ivhich in relation to things j but they were confpwftdtd, 


ff^oje is rather the poetical than regular 
genitive of ivhich : 

The fruit 
Of that forbidden tree, luhofe mortal tafte 
Brought death into the world, Milton, 

Whether is only ufed in the nominative 
and accufative cafes ; and has no plural, be- 
ing applied only to one of a number, com- 
monly to one of two, as Whether of thcfe is 
/eft I knew not. Whether JhnII J choofe i' It 
is now almoft obfolete. 

What, whether relative or inter- 
rogative, is without variation. 

VVhofoe'ver, njuhatfoefcr, being com- 
pounded of nxho or HJ^hat, and fo- 
cver^ follow the rule of their primi- 

r This 

T IT r J That 
In all cafes, ^ ^^^^^ 

C Whether 


The plural cthen is not ufed but when it is 
referred to a fubftantive preceding, as I have 
jf.nt other horfcs. J have not Jint the fame 
hcrfes, but others. 

Another, being only an other, has 
no plural. 

Here, there, and 'uchere, joined 
with certain particles, have a rela- 
tive and pronominal ufe. Hereof, 
herein, hereby, hereafter, heren,vith, 
thereof, therein, thereby, thereupon, 
thereiuith, ^whereof, ixiherein, •where- 
by, ivhereupon, ivherenx-ith, which 
fignify, of this, in this, &c. of that, 
in that, &C. of ivhich, in ivhich, 

Therefore and nuherefore, which 
are properly there for, and njjhere 
for, for that, for nxhich, are now 
reckoned conjunftions, and conti- 
nued in ufe. The reft feem to be 
paffing by degrees into negleft, 
though proper, ufeful, and ana- 
logous. They are referred both to 
lingular and plural antecedents. 

There are two more words ufed 
only in conjundion with pronouns. 

Oivn is added to pofleffives, both 
fingular and plural, as my own hatid, 
our own hoiife. It is emphatical, 
and implies a filent contrariety or 
oppofition ; as, I live in 77iy cvon houfcy 
that is, not in a hired houfe. This 1 
did ^i.vith my oiu« ha7id, that is, ivith- 
ot'.t help, or 7iot by proxy. 

Self is added to pofTeflives, as my- 
felf, yoiofel'ves ; and fometimes to 
perfonal pronouns, as himfelf, itfelf, 
themfelves. It then, like ot«7z, ex- 
prelTes eraphafis and oppofition, as 
/ did this fnyfelf, that is, }iot another j 
or it forms a reciprocal pronoun, as 
We hurt Gurfelves by vain rage, 

Himfelf, itfelf, themfelves, is fuppofed by 
Wallis to be put by corruption, for hisfelf, 
it' fetf, their felijes \ fo that/f/y is ahvays a 
fubftantive. This feems juftly obferved, far 
we fay. He came himfelf; Himfelf Jhall do 
this I where himfelf cannot be an accufative. 

Of the Verb. 

Englifh verbs are aftive, as Ilo-ve ; 
or neuter, as / Inn^vifh. The neu- 
ters are formed like the adives. 

Moft verbs fignifying tf(f7/oK, m.ay iikewife 
fignify condition or habit, and become neuters^ 
as Hove, lam in love j Ifirike, I am now 

Verbs have only two tenfes in- 
flefted in their terminations, the 
prefent, and fimple preterite ; the 
other tenfes are compounded of the 
auxiliary verbs have, f?all, ivill, let, 
jnay, can, and the infinitive of the 
aftive or neuter verb. 

The pafiive voice is formed by 
joining the participle preterite to the 
fubftantive verb, as / am loved. 

To Have. Indicative Mood. 

Prefent Tenfe. 
Sing. I have, thou haft, he hath or 

has ; 
Plur. We have, ^-e have, they have. 


flas is a termination corrupted from hath. Future. 

but now more frequently ufed both in verfc Si»g. /fhall have, as in the Indica- 
and profc, j-yg^ 

Simple Preterite. 9 /• F / / 

fF' i^'f'/"''l;'f'i'^l,f/ ^i"S' /fhallTave^aX thou fhalt 
Flur. lie had, ye had, they had. ^ j^^^^ j^^^^ ^^ ^^^j ^^^^ j^^^ . . 

Compound Preterite. ^^^' ^' fhall have had, j^ fhall J 

^ing. /have had, thou haft had, /^^ J^^e had, they ihall have 

has had J ^ad.' 

mur. ^\'^^ll^'^f^^ y ^^^^ ^^'^^ Potential. 

^ ' The potential form of fpeaking 

Pretertluperfea. ^^ exprefTed by may, can, in the pre- 

Zing, /had had, //&(?« hadft had, he ^en^ ; and »2;;g'_>6^ r^a/^, ox Jhould, in 

had had- the preterite, joined with the infini- 

P/;«-. We had hid, ^^ had had, they tive mood of the verb. 

had had. t> r ^ 


p^ltffg ^^"g' /ni ay have, thou may ft have. 

Sing. I Ihall have, thou Ihalt have, „, ^^^ "^^X ^^^^ J 

y?-^ Ihall have ; ^^«''' ^^^ "^^X h^^^' ->'^ "^^^ ^^v^» 
P/ur. We {hall have, j^ Ihall have, they may have. 

/i..jftiallhave. freferite. 

Second Future. ^'"S' /might have thou mightft 

SiW. / will have, thou wilt have, he „, , J^^^/ ^^ might have ; 

will have • ■^^^'* •^^'^ "^'g"*^ '^^^^' ->'^ "^'S^^ ^ave, 
Plur. We will have, ;r will have, '^0- might have. 

//..J will have. p^^^^^^^ 

By reading thefe future tcnfes may be ob- Sing. I can have, thou Canft have, 
ferved the variations oi Jhall zn6. luiU. J^g can have • 

T . i», 1 P/«r. /i?^<? can have, ye can have. 

Imperative Mood: ^^ ^^^ j^^^^^ -^ 

ii/»|-. Have or have thouy let /&^ot 

have ; Preterite. 

Plur. Let us have, have or have jc, 5//?^. /could have, /'/^owcouldft have, 

let them have. ^^ could have ; 

Plur. We could have, ye could have, 

Conjunaive Mood.' they could have. 

Prefent. In like m^inxiex J/jpuld is united to 

t?/;?^. /have, //"oa have, /v have ; the verb. 
Plur. We have, j^ have, they have. xhere is likewife a double Preterite. 

Preterite fmple as in the Indicative. ^i»g' /fhould have had, thou (houldft 

have had, he fhould have 

Preterite compound. had ; 

^lirg. /have had, they have had, he Flur, We Ihould have had, ye (hould 

have had ; have had, they fhould have 

Plur. We have had, ye have had, had. 
they have had. 


In like manner we ufe, / might 
have had ; / roa/^ have had, ^c. 

Infinitive Mood; 
Prefent. To have. 
Preterite. To have had. 
Participle prefent. Having. 
Participle preterite. Had. 


Verb adlive. To lo've. 
Indicative; Prefent. 

^i»g: I love, tbou loveft, he loveth or 

loves ; ^ ^ 

Plur. We love, ye love, they love. 

Preterite ftmple. 
Sing, /loved, thoii^ovQA^, he loved ; 
Plur. We loved, jf loved, they loved. 
PreterperfeSl compared. I have loved, 

PreterpluperfeB. /had loved, l^c. 
Future. 1 Ihall love, ijc. I will love. 

Sing. Love or love thou, let him love ; 
Plur. Let us love, love orlovQyc, let 
them love. 

Conjuntftive. Prefent. 
Sing. I love, thouXo'VQ, he love ; 
Plur. li'e love, jc love, they love. 
Prettrite fimple, as in the Indicative. 
Preterite compound, /have loved, ^c. 
future. I fhall love, ^c. 
Second Future. I fhall have loved. 

Prefent. I may or can love, ^c. 
Preterite, /might, could, or fhould 

love, Qc. 
Double Pr^/. /might, could, or Ihould 

have loved, k^c. 

Prefent. To love. 
Preterite. To have loved. 
Participle prefetit. Loving. 
Participle pafl. Loved. 

The paffive is formed by the ad* 
dition of the participle preterite, to 
the different tenfes of the verb to be, 
which mult therefore be here exhi- 

Indicative. Prefent, 
Sing. I am, thou art, he is ; 
Plur. We are or be, ye are or be, the* 
are or be. 

The plural be is now little b ufe. 

Sing. I was, thou waft or wert, ht 

was ; 
Plur. We were, ye were, /Z;-!?^ were. 

Wert is properly of the conjunaive mood, 
and ought not to be ufed in the indicative. 

Preterite compound. I have been, ^r. 
PreterpluperfeSl. I had been, i^e. 
Future, /fhall or will be, is'c 

Sing. Be thou ; let him be ; 
P/«r. Let us be ; bej^ ; let them be 

Conjunftive. Prefetit, 

Sing, I be, /^o?< beefl, he be ; 
P/«r. ^(f be, ye be, />6(); be. 

Sing. I were, /.^(??/ wert, he were ; 
P/«r. We were, ^i? were, //^^y were. 
Preterite compound. I have been, ^V. 
Future. I Ihall have been, tfrV. 

/ may or can ; would, could, or 
fliould be; could, would, or fliculd 
have been, ^c. 

Prefent. To be. 
Preterite. To have been. 
Participle prefent ^ Being. 
Participle preterite. Having been. 

Paffive Voice. Indicative Mood. 
/ am loved, id'c. I was loved, i3c. 
• / have been loved, ^'c. 



Conjunflive Mood. /do lo'ue thee, a?id nxihen I lo've thee 
If / be loved, Cfr. If /were loved, Jiot, 

l^c. If /Ihall have been lovedj b'V. Chaos is come again. Shakefp. 

Potential Mood. It is frequently joined with ane- 

/ may or can be loved, ^r. /might, gative ; as, I like her, but I do not 

could, or fhould be.loved, ijc I lo've her ; / 'vnjhed him fuccefs, hut 

might, could, or lliould have been did not help him. 

loved, i^c. 

The Imperative prohibitory is fel- 
dom applied in the fecond perfon, 
at leaft in profe, without the word 
flo ; as, Stop him, but do not hurt him j 
Praife beauty, but do not dote on it. 
Its chief ufe is in interrogative 
There is another form ofEnglim forms of fpeech, in which it is ufed 
verbs, in which the infinitive mood through all tne perfons ; as Do / 

litte f' Doft thou finke me ? Do they 
rebel? Did. I complain? Did ft thou 

Prefent. To be loved. 
Preterite. To have been loved. 
Participle. Loved. 

is joined to the verb do in its various 
infledtions, which are therefore to 
be learned in this place. 

To Do. 

Indicative. Prefent. 
Sing. I do, thou doft, he doth ; 
P/ur. We do, ye do, they do. 

Sing, /did, thou didft, he did ; 
Plur. M'e did, )e did, they did. 
Preterite, lf!c. I have done, Uc. x 

had done, i^c. 
Future. I ihall or will do, i^c. 

lo've her ? Did JIpe die ? So likewife 
in negative interrogations ; Do / not 

yet grie-ve ? Did. Jhe not die ? 

Do is thus ufed only in the fimple 

There is another manner of con- 
jugating neuter verbs, v.hich, when 
it is ufed, may not improperly de- 
nominate them neuter pajji-ves, as they 
are infleded according to the paf- 
five form by the help of the verb 
fubftantive to be. They anfwer nearly 
to the reciprocal verbs in French ; 
/ am rifen, furrexi, Latin ; Je me 

fuis leve, Freiich. 
I '-Mas nxialked out, exieram j Je m'e- 

tois promene. 

In like manner we commonly exprefs the 
prefent tenfe; as, I am going, eo, I am 
grieving, doko. She is dying,-///a moritur. 
The tempeft IS raging. y«r;V ^;-u«//j. I am 
purfuing an enemy, hojlcm injequor. So the 
other tenfes, a?. We •were ivalking, Iruj/^a- 
vo/MEV 'E-e^trraiSvlii;, I have been ivalking, I bad 
hen walking, I Jhall or ivill be 'walking. 

There is another manner of ufing the ac- 
tive participle, which gives it a paffive figni- 
fication ; as, The grammar is now printing, 
for I lo^ve, or I lo'ued ; but this is giammaticajammir.c charthimpiimitur. The 
COnfldered as a vitious mode of brafs is forging, ara excuduntur. This IS, 
fpeech *" "^y opinion, a vitious expreffion, proba- 


Do thou, let him do ; 
Let us do, do ye, let them do. 

Conjundlive. Prefent. 
Sing. I do, thou do, he do ; 
Plur. We do, ye do, they do. 

The reft are as in the indicative. 

Infinitive. To do ; to have done. 
Participle prejent. Doing. 
Participle preter. Done. 

Do is fometimes ufed fuperfluoufly, 
as, / do lo<^je, I did loi)e ; fimply 


\ . ' r ■ r J 1 • ti bl? corrupted from a phrafe more pure, but 

It IS fometimes ufed cmpliatically ; J^ fomewhat obfolete : TZ^ book n a /r/V.7- 

ing, The brajs is a forging ; a being properly 


ENGLISH tongue; 

ef, and printing and forging verbal nouns fig- 
nifying a(£^ion, according io the analogy of 
this language. 

The indicative and conjundlive moods are 
by modern writers frequently confounded, 
or rather the conjundlive is wholly neglect- 
ed, when fome convenience of verfification 
does not invite its revival. It is ufed among 
the purer writers after if, though, ere, hefcre, 
whether, except, ur.lefs, •whatfoc'ver, •zvhomfo- 
fver, and words of wifhing ; as, Doubtlefs 
thou art our father, though Abraham be igno- 
rant of us, and IJrael acknowledge us not. 

Of Irregular Veres. 

The Englifh verbs were divided by 
Ben Johnfon into four conjugations, 
without any reafon arifing from the 
nature of the language, which has 
properly but one conjugation, fuch as 
has been exemplified ; from which 
all deviations are to be confidered as 
anomalies, which are indeed in our 
monofyllable Saxon verbs and the 
verbs derived from them very fre- 
quent ; but almcil all the verbs which 
have been adopted from other lan- 
guages, follow the regular form. 

Our verbs ars obferved by Dr. Wallis to 
be irregular only in the formation of the pre- 
terite, and its participle. Indeed, in the 
fcantinefs of our conjugations, there is fcarce- 
ly any other place for irregularity. 

The firil- irregularity, is a flight 
deviation from the regular form, by 
rapid utterance or poetical contrac- 
tion : the laft fyllable edh o.^ten join- 
ed with the former by fuppreifion of 
e; as lo'u'dioT Io--ced; after c, ch,JJj, 
f, k, X, and after the confonantsy^* 
tk, when more llrongly pronounced, 
and fometimes after m, n, ;-, if pre- 
ceded by a fhort vowel, / is ufejd in 
pronunciation, but very feldom in 
writing, rather than d ; as plac''t, 
/natch' t, fijh'^t n.vak^t, dzvePt, ftntPt, 
for placed, fnntch^d, Jijh'd, tvak'd, 
d%vsl'd, fmefd; or placed, fnatchcd, 
fijhed, nvakcd, divellcd, jmelled. 

Thofe words which terminate in 
/or //, or p, Kjake their preterite in 

/, even in folemn language ; as, 
crept, felt, dijcelt ; fometimes after 
X, ed is changed into/; as -vext : 
this is not ccnftant. 

A long vowel is often changed ia- 
to a {hort one ; thus, kept,ftept, nxept^ 
crept , fojcpt ; from the verbs, io keep , 
to feep, to ^cveep, to creep, to fji:eep. 

Where ^or / go before, the addi- 
tional letter i/ or/, in this contrat^ed 
form, coalefce into one letter with 
'the radical ^ or / : if / were the ra- 
dical, they coalefce into /; but if ^ 
were the radical, then into d or t, as 
the one or the other letter may be 
more eafily pronounced; as, >ead^ 
led, fpread, fed, Ihred, hid, hid, chid, 
fed, bled, bred, fped, ft rid, rid ; from 
the verbs, to read, to lead, to fpread, 
to fed, to f read, to bid, to hide, to 
chide, to feed, to bleed, to breed, to 
feed, to f ride, to fide, to ride. And 
thus, caft, hurt, coji, burf, eat, beat, 
fixeat, ft, quit, fnit, nvrif, bit, hit, 
met,fot ; from the verbs, to caf, to 
hurt, to ccf, to bur/i, to eat, to beat, 
to fiveat, to ft, to quit, to fmite, to 
tvrite, to bite, to hit, to ?>:cet, to foot. 
And in like manner, lent,fent, rent, 
girt ; from the verbsj to lend, to fend, 
to rend, to gird. 

The participle preterite or pafHve is 
often formed in en, inftead oi ed ; as, 
heLH, taken, gi-ven, faiit, kncivn, 
from the verbs to be, to take, to gi^e, 
to fay, to knoi'j. 

Many words have two or more par- 
ticiples, as not only <ucrit:ev, bitten, 
eaten, beaten, hidden, chidden, flatten, 
» chofen, broken ; but likewife -xcvvV, bit, 
eat, beat, hid, chid, /lot, chofe, brcke, 
are promifcuoufly ufcd in the. parti- 
ciple, from the verbs to tvi-ite. to 
bite, to eat, to beat, to hide, to chide, 
to jhoot, to choofe, to break, and ma- 
ny fjch like. 

fn the fame manner ^ww, _/^<'7c7/, 
he^.'.n, 7no-Mn, loaden, laden, as well as 
/oixd, /kevSd, lienxd, mo'vfd, loaded, 
laded, from the X'erbs tof-iu, tofe-uj, 
to heiK!, to TKi'v:, to Isad, or Ifide. 
c Cc-n- 


Concerning thefe double partici- acr/V, ahid, rid. In the preterite 
pies it is difficult to give any rule ; fonne are likewife formed by a, as 
but he ihall feldom err who isinem- brake, /pake, bare,Jhare, f^are^ tarcy 
bers, that when a verb has a parti- ivai-e, cla've, gat, begat, forgat, and 
ciple dilHnit from its preterite ; as, perhaps feme others, but more rare- 
^j:rite, ivrote, ^written, that diftincl ly. In the participle paffive are 
participle is more proper and elegant, many of them formed by en, as ta- 
zs The book is wnttcn, is better than ke)i, Jhaken, forfaken, broken, fpoken, 
The hook is wrote, though wrote may born,Jhorn, fivorn, torn, "j:orn, ^jjonjen^ 
be ufed in poetry. cloven, thri-ven, dri-jen, rifen, /mitten. 

There are other anomalies in the ridden, chofen, trodden, gotten, hegot- 
preterite. ^^"i forgotten, fodden. And many 

1. Win, ffin, begin; fv:im, ftrike, do likewife retain the analogy in 
pck,-fing, Jiing, fang, ring, ^cvring, both, as nuaked, awaked, Jheared, 
fpring, Ik'sing, drink, ftnk, prink, fink, iveaved, leaved, abided, feethed. 

co;;::, run, f::d, bind, grind, v>:ind, 4- G/a;f, ^/X//, make in the pre- 
both in the preterite imperfeft and terite. gave, bade, fate ; in the par- 
participle palfive, give tvon,fpun, be- ticiple paffive, given, bidden, fitten ; 
, gun, fv-jum, ftruck, fuck, fung, filing, but in both bid. 

ftmg, rung, n.vrung, fprung, fuowng, 5- ^ravj, knonv, gronu, tbrov:, 
drunk, fuiik, fljrunk, hung, come, run, hlcv:, crovj like a COck, fly, flay, 
found, 'bound, ground, nxsound. And fe«, b, make their preterite drenAj, 
moii of them are alfo formed in the kne^v, gre^v, threvj, blevj, crevj, 
preterite by a, zs began, ravg,fang, fl^"^^, flevj, favj, lay; their partici- 
fprang, drank, came, ran, and fome ples paffive by n, dravjn, knonvn, 
"others ; but moil of thefe are now grovcn, thro^vn, blovsn, flo^n, flain, 
obfolete. Some in the participle fee^, I'^en, lain. Yet from flee is 
paffive likewife take f;z, ^% fricken, vaz^efled; hom go, nxient, from the 
fu-ucken, drunken, bounden. old ivend, and the participle gone, 

2. Fight, teach, reach, feek, befeech, 

catch, buy, bring, think, ivork, make Qr Dg. riva t ion 

fouvht, tauzht, rauzht, fought, be- rn, ^ _, -n ■•/. i .„ _ l 
"'^ <^ ' -S ' 7 117 That the Enghlh language may be more 

joiight, caught, bought, brought, ^^j^\,, underftood, it is neceffary to enquire 

' thought, nvrought. how its derivative words are deduced from 

Bwt a great many of thefe retain their primitives, and how the primitives are 

likewife the regular form, as teached, borrowed from other languages. In this en- 

7.7/ 7 J ^ 1 J 'J quiry I fhall fcmetimes copyDr.Wallis, and 

reached, be eecbed, catched, vjorKed. ? _ »■ j ,_ » r, t u- jrxv 

'- L n 1 r r 7^ L iometimes endeavour to lupply his defects, 

3 ■lake,_/hake, forfake, nvake, a- and redify his errours. 
nvake, flarid, break, fpeak, bear, pear, 

fvjear, tear, tveave, cleave, firive, ^ Nouns are derived from verbs. 
thrive, drive, fl^ine, rife, arije , Jmite, The thing implied in the verb as 

vcrite, bide, abide, ride, choofe, chufe, done or produced, is commonly 

tread, get, beget, forget^feethe, vn^ikQin either the prefent of the verb j as, 

both preterite and participle /'i3o^,yoy- to love, love; to fright, z. fright ; to 

fook, vjoke, a-Tvoke, flood, broke, fpoke, Ught a flght ; or the preterite ofthft 

bore, fore, fvjore, tore, vjore, wove, verb, as, to ftrike, I ftrick or ftrook, 

clove, flrove, throve,,drove, fkone, rofe, zflroke. 

crofe, fmote, vorote, bode, abode, rode. The a£lion is the fame with the 

chofe, trade, got, begot, forgot, fod. participle prefent, as loving, frighi- 

Eut we fay likewife, thrive, rife,fmit, i>ig, fighting, fir iking. 


The agent, or perfon afling, is 
denoted by the fyllable er added to 
the verb, as lover y frigkter, Jlriker. 

Subftantives, adjedlives, and fome- 
times other parts of fpeech, are 
changed into verbs : in which cafe 
the vowel is often lengthened, or 
the confonant foftened ; as, a houfe, 
to houfe ; brafs, to braze ; glafs, to 
glaze ; grafs, to graze ; price, to prize; 
breath, to breathe ; a fiih, to fjl? ; 
oyl, to oyl; further, to further ; 
forward, to for~<xard ; hinder, to 

Sometimes the termination en is 
added, efpecially to adjedives ; as, 
halte, tohaflen; length, to lengthen; 
flrength, to firengthen; fhort, to Jhort- 
en ; fall, tofafen ; v/hite, to tvhiten ; 
black, to blachn ; hard, to hardoi ; 
foft, to foften. 

From fubftantives are formed ad- 
jedlives of plenty, by adding the 
termination y ; as, a loufe, loufy ; 
wealth, ^wealthy ; health, healthy ; 
might, mighty ; worth, ijjorthy ; wit, 
^witty ; luft, iufty ; water, <vcatery ; 
earth, earthy; wood, a wood, 'u:oody ; 
air, airy ; a heait, hearty ; a hand, 

From fubftantives are formed ad- 
jeftives of plenty, by adding the 
termination/;^/, denoting abundance; 
as, ']0y, joyful ; ixait, fruitful ; youth, 
youthful; care, careful; ufe, ufeful ; 
delight, delightful; plenty, plentiful; 
help, helpful. 

Sometimes, in almofl the fame 
ienfe, but with fome kind of dimi- 
nution thereof, the termination fome 
is added, denoting fotnething, or in 
feme degree ; as, delight, delight/omi. ; 
game, gamejome ; irk, irhfame ; bur- 
den, burdenfofne ; trouble, trouhlefo7ne; 
light, lightfome ; hand, handfome ; 
alone, lonejotne ; toil, toilfome. 

On the contrary, the termination 
lefs added to fubilanrives, makes ad- 
jedtives fignifying want ; as, irjorth- 
UfSi nx'itUfs^ hditlefi, joy lefs, carelefs, 

helplefs. Thus comfort, ccmfortlcfs ; 
fap, faplejs. 

Privation or contrariety is very of- 
ten denoted by the particle un pre- 
fixed to many adjedtives, or in before 
words derived from the Latin ; as, 
pleaiant, unpleafant ; wife, uiiivifei 
profitable, raiprof table ; patient, im- 
patient. Thus uni.vorth)-, unhealthy, 
unfruitful, unufeful, and many more. 

The original Engliih prlvltive k vn 5 but as 
waoften borrow from the Latin, or its defcen- 
dents, words already fignifying privation, as 
inefiiaaom, impious, indijl'tct, the infepara- 
bJe particles un and in have fallen into con- 
fufion, from which it is not eafy to difen- 
tangle them. 

Un is prefixed to all words originally Ena;- 
iilli, as untrue, untiutb, untaught, unhand- 

Un is prefixed to all participjes made pri- 
vative adjectives, as unfeeling, unajjijiing, un- 
aided, ur,dellgbted, uncrdearcd. 

Un ought never to be prefixed to a parti- 
ciple prefent, to mark a forbearance of ac- 
tion, as unfighing; but a privation of habit, 
as unpitying. 

Un is prefixed to moft fubftantives which 
h?ve an Englijh termination, as unfa-tikrefs, 
unpeifecinefs, which, if they have borrowed 
terminations, take in or im, as infertility, 
imperfeSiion j uncivil, inci-vility ; ur.ahii'e, :n- 

In borrowing adjeiSives, if we receive them . 

already compounded, it is ufual to retain the ■^ 
particle prefixed, as, inelegant, im- 
proper ; but if we borrow the adje«^tive, aiyl 
add the privative particle, we commonly 
prefix un, as unpolitc, ur.gallai-.t , 

The prepofitive particles dis ard 
mis, derived from the .^.f and m^s 
of the French, fig':ify ahnoll/.the 
fame as un ; yet dis rather imports 
contrariety than privation, fince it 
anf.vers to the Latin prepofition de. 
Mi: inlinuates fome error, and for 
the moll part may be rendered by 
the Latin words male or pfrpcran:. 
To like, to diflikc ; honour, dijhor.our; 
to honour, to grace, to c-ilhoncur, 
to dij grace ; tO deign, to dif deign ; 
chance, hap, mijchance, mijbap; to 
take, to mijiahc ; deed, ?iiijdeed ; to 
C Z ufe; 


yfe, to mifufe ; to employ, to Vi'if- ports a fuccefnon of fmaller and then greater 

founds; and fo in jifjgle, jangle, tingle^ tangle, 
and many other made words. 

Much hoivtver of this is arbitrary and fan- 
ciful, depending wbclly en oral utterance, and 
therefore fcarccly •worthy the notice ofWaUis. 

employ ; to apply, to 7i:i!atpiy 

Words derived from Latin written 
with de or dis retain the fame figni- 
fication, as dijtinguip, diftinguo ; 
dctraSi, detraho ; deja:r.e, defanio ; 
detain^ detineo 

Of concrete adjcflives are made 

termination nefs, and a few in hood or 
head, noting charafter or qualities ; 
as, white, ivhitenefs ; hard, hafduefs ; 
great, greatnefs ; fKilful, Jkilfulnefs, 
iinjkilfulnefs ; godhead, fnanhocd, viaid- 
enhead, njoido<vjhood, knighthood, frieji- 
hood, likelihood, falsehood. 

There are other abilrafls, partly 

The termination ly added to abftraft fubftantives^, by adding ^the 
fabilantives, and fometimes to ad- 
jedives, forms adjectives that im- 
port fome kind of fimilitude or a- 
greement, being formed by contrac- 
tion of lick or like. 

A giant, giantly, giantlike ; earth, 
earthly; \i.t?LVC\^, hewvenly ; world, 
•worldly; God, godl}; good, goodly. , . , ^ ,. ^. , - , 

The fame termination/), added to derived from adjeftives, and partly 

adieftives, forms adverbs of like f'om verbs, which are formed by 

fiPnification ; as, beautiful, heauti- the addition of the termination th, 

ful'y; fweet, f^^eetly; that is, in a a fmall change being fometimes made; 

beautiful manner ; n^ith fome degree of as, \oxii, length ; &xox^a frength ; 

Jcweetnefs. broad, wide, breadth, nvidth; deep. 

The termination //?- added toad- ^epth ; true, trzith ; warm, warmth; 

ieftives, imports diminution ; and dear, dera-th ; flow, fowth ; merry, 

added to fublhntivcs, imports fimili- ''">^/-' ; heal, health; well, weal, 

tude or tendency to a charafter ; as, "^'^^/^'^ 5 dry, droughth; young, jo«/Z-'; 

green, greenijh ; white, whitifi ; foft, and fo moon, month. , , . , 

fftifh; a thief, //./V-t;./.; a wolf, Like thefe are fome words derived 

c-j,ol'vifb;.^zV\\i^, childijh. from verbs ; dy, «W/^ ; till, tiito; 

We h:iv£ forms of diminutives in grow, growth ; mow, later mowth, 

fubftantives, though not frequent ; after /;:cai;V^; commonly fpoken and 

as, a hill, a hillock; a cock, acock- written later »;«//^, zHt^x math ; fleal, 

rel; 2i mke, tickrel ; this is a French fiealth ; bear, birth; xn^, ruth ; and 

terminacion . a goofe, a goflin ; this probably earth from to ^^r or flaw ; 

is a German termination: a lamb, %, M'^t ; weigh, weight; fray, 

a lamhkin; a chick, a chicken; a man, Ak^'i i ^o draw, draught. 

a manikin; a pipe, a pipkin; and 

thus Halkin, v*'hence the patronimick 

llawkitis, PFilkin, Jhomkin, and o- 


Yet ftill there is another form of diminu- 
tion among the Englilh, by leffen'ing the 
found it felf, efpecially of A'oweis '; as there 

Thefe fliould rather be written fighth, 
frighth, only that cuftpm prevails, left h 
ihould be twice repeated. 

The {irs\tiQxxaxv.ii-\\r\. faith, ^pight, wreathe, 
•zvrath, broth, froth, breath, footh, ivorth, light, 
ii'ight, and the like, whofe primitives are 
either entirely obfolete, or I'eldom occur. 
_ . Perhap5 they are derived hom fy or foy, 

is a form of augmenting them by enlarging, j^,.^^ 4t;?j, ivreai, brew, mow, fry, bray, Jay, 
or even lengthening it ; and that fometimes ,^^;'Qrk. 
not fo much by change of the letters, as of 

their prommciation ; as, Jup, fu, JooP,fcp, g^j^g ending in /■//>, imply an of- 
fiptet, where, befjcies tne extenuation of the ^ , .. i:^;^^ 

vowd, there IS added the French termination ^^e, employment, or COnulClOn ; as, 
ct; tcp, tip; [pit, fpout; babe, baby, booby, hngpip, wardjhip, guaramnflnp,pari- 
/StfTrat; ; great pronounced long, el'pedally nerfhip, fidoa.rdjhip., beadjhip, lord- 
jfwJih a ftronsier found, grea-t ; pro- Ay^ 

Eoujiced long, lee-tle; ting, tang, long, im- 



Thus •worjhip, that is, luorthpip \ whence 
^mrfhjpful, toivorjhip. 

Some few ending in dr^n, rich, nxick, 
■do efpecially denote dominion, at 
leafl ftate or condition ; as, kbigdo7n, 
dukedom, earldom, princedom, popeaotn, 
chrijiendom, freedom, vsifdom, vjhore- 
^om, bijkoprick, baHyivick. 

Menf and a^e are piain'yFrench ter- 
minations, and are of the fame im- 
port with us as among them, fcarce- 
\y ever occuring, except in words 
derived from the French, as com- 
tnandment, vfa-J. 

There are in Englifh often long trains of 
■words alhed by their meaning and derivati- 
on J aSj to heat, a bat, batoon, a battle, a 
beetle, a ha tie-door, to hatter, butter, a kind 
of glutinous conipofition for food. All thefe 
are of Cmilar fignificarion, and perhaps de- 
rived from the Latin lattw. Thus take, touch, 
tickle, tack, tackle ; all imply a local con- 
jundtion, from the Latin tatigo, tetigi, tac- 

From tii'o are formed ttvain, tivice, ttvefity, 
Itvel've, tivins, ttvine, tivift, tivirl, tivig, 
ttvitch, iivinge, between, bcttvixt, tivilight, 

The following remarks, extraited from 
Wallis, are ingenious, but of more fubtlety 
than folidity, and fuch as perhaps might in 
every language be enlarged without end. 

S« ufually implies the wo/e, and what re- 
lates to it. From the Latin najus are derived 
the French ncs and the Englifh r.oje ; and 
^ nejfe, a promontory, as projedling like a nofe. 
But as if from the confonants nz taken from 
jiafits, and tranfpofed that they may the bet. 
ter correfpond, yjz denotes ?iaj':is : and thence 
are derived many words that relate to the 
nofe, as jnout, Jneexe, j'c,ore,fiiu-t, fnear, ^nicker, 
fnot, j'nt'vel, fnitc, j'nuff, Jnuffe, fv.'jjle, J'narle, 

There is another Jn, -which may perhaps 
be derived from tlie Latin ftnuo, 2isjnake, 
(neak, jnail, jnare ; fo likewife jnap and 
fnatch, jnib, fnub. 

El implies a blaji ; as, bloto, blaft, to blajl, 
to blight, and, metaphorically, to blaj] one's 
reputation ; bleat, bleak, a bleak pl?.ce, to 
look bleak or weather-beaten, bleak, bla\', 
bleach, biuficr, blurt, hlifier, blab, bladder, bleb, 
bliJ.0r,blabber-lipt, blubber-cbicki't, bioted, bhti- 

henings, blaft, blaxe, to blow, that is, IhJTctii, 
bloom ; and perhaps blood and biufD. 

In the native words of our tongue is to be 
found a great agreement between the letters 
and the thing figniiied j and therefore the 
founds of letters fmailer.. fharper, louder, 
clofer, fofter, ftroi?ger, clearer, more ob- 
fcure, and more ftridulous, do very often in- 
timate the like efteftsin the things ficnlfied. 
Thus words that begin v.'ith jir intimate 
the force and eft'ect of the thing lignificd, as 
if probably derived from ^pmv/xi, o: ftremtus'y 
as , ftrwg,^^v, ft> ike, flreaki, flrck;, 
firaitjftriEi/fireight, that is narrow, diftrain^ 
fireji, dijirejs, firing, firap, ftj-cam, ftreamer, 
flrand, Jhip, jiray, Jlruggie, ftrange, pide, 

St in IL'ie manner implies ftrength, but in 
a Icfs degree, io much only as is f fficient to 
preferve what has been already communi- 
cated, rather than acquire any new degree j 
as if it were derived from the Latiny?c : for 
exzmpls, /land, Jlay, that is, to remain, or 
to prop J fiaff, fiay, that is, to oppofej fiop, 
tofi'iff, fiific, to fay, that is to flop ; afiay, 
tha't IS, an obftacic ; flick, jlut, flutter, Jlam-r 
mer, flagger, flicklc, flick, flake, a /harp pale, 
and any thing depofited at play ; flock, flan, 
fling, to fling, flunk, flitch, flud, ftanchton, 
flub, flubble, to flub up, fltump, whence flum- 
ble, flalk, to flalk, flip, to flamp with tie 
feet, whence to flajnp, that is, to make an 
imprelTion and a ftamp ; flioiu, to fltciv, ii 
beftoiv, fl.civard, or fioivard, ftead, fl:ady, 
fleadfafl, ft able, a ft able, a jiall, to ftali,ftooU_ 
flail, ftill, ftall, ftallage, p.ill,fl.age, ftill 
adj. and ftill adv. flale, flout, fturdy, fteed, A 

ftcat, ftalUon, fliff, ftark-dead, toftarve with * 

hunger or cold 3 flone, fteel, fl.crn, fianch, to 
ftancb blood, to flare, jiecp, fteeple, flair, 
ftar.dard, a ftated meafure, ftately. In all 
thefe, and perhaps fome others, ft denotes 
fomething firm and fixed. 

Thr imples a more violent degree of moti- 
on, as tkrazu, thrift, throng, throb, through, 
threat, threaten, thrall, throtvs. 

IFr imply fome fort of obliquity or diftor- 
ticn, as tcry, to ivreatbe, lureft, tor eft It, 
ivnng, ivrong, ivrinch, wrench, 'wrangle^ 
ivr.inkle, wrath, ivreak, lurack, ivretch, ivrift, 

kiv imply a filent agitation, or a fof»«r 
kind of lateral motion 3 as, Jivay, Jivag, tt 
fiuay, fivagger, fiuer-je, fiueat, jivecp, jwill, 
Jivnn, fivii/g, Jwift, ftweci, fivitch, fivingc. 

Nor is there much difference of fm in 
firxothe, flmug, flnile, Jmirk, Jmite, wliich 
figniiies the fame asloftrike, but is a fofter 
word J ftnull, ftnell, fmack, jmcther,, a 
^mart blow properly figniiies fuch a kind of 



ftroke as with an originally filsnt motion crajh, elajh, gnap, flajh, crujh, hujh, hijje, 

implied in fm, proceeds to a quick violence, 
denoted by ar fuddenly ended, as is fliewn by t. 

CI denote a kind of adhefion or tenocity, 
as in clea-vc, clay, cling, climb y clamber, clammy, 
clajpfto clajp, to clip, to clinch, cloak, clog, cloje, 
to clofc, a clod, a clot, as a clot of blood, 
clouted cream, a clutter, a cliijlcr, 

Sp implies a kind of diffipation or expan- 

Jllje, ivhiji, foft, jarr, hurl, curl, -whirl, buz, 
bujslc, Jpindle, divitidk, tivine, tivijl, and in 
many more, we may obferve the agreement 
of fuch fort of founds with the things figni- 
fied : and this fo frequently happens, that 
fcarce any language which I know can be 
compared with ours. So that one monofyi- 
lable word, of which kind are almoft all 

fion, efpccially a quick one, particulaily if ours, emphatically exprefles what in other 

there be an /-, as if it were fvom fpargo or languagescan fcarce be explained but by com- 

fcparo : for example, fprcad, fpring, J'prig, pounds. Or decompouads, or fometimes a te- 

fprout, fprinkk. Jplit, fplintcr, fpUl, /pit, /put- dious circumlocution. 

'^Menoics a kind of filent fall, or a lefs We have many words borrowed 

rbfcrvable motion j as in p'me, Jlide, flip, from the Latin ; but the greateft 

flipper, fly, flcight, flit, flow, flack, flight, part of them Were Communicated by 

fling, flap. ^ ^ ^ the intervention of the French ; as. 

And fo likewife alh, jn crafh, rap, gnp, j, i ^ i r 1 1 

n n 1 n 1 n. n^ nl ^1 n \ J, tn.ii Z^ace, face, ehmtit, ele?ance, rejemble. 

f.a(h, daft}, la ft), flajh, pwh, trap, mJi- S "> J I'^.-ir L j 

cates fomething acting more nimbly and Some verbs which feem borrowed 

fharply. But up, in cnifl}, rujh, giijh, fiip, from the Latin, are formed from the 

blip, brufl}, hup, pip, implies fomething prefent tenfe, and fome from the Al- 
as aftmg more obtulelv and dully. Yet in -j^gg 

both there is indicated a fwift and fudden ^^ ' ^^^ ^^^ 

motion, not mftantaneous, but gradual, by r j //- » 

the continued found yZ-. expend, expendo ; conduce, conduco ; 

Thus in fling, fling, ding. Jiving, cling, dcj'pife, defpicio ; approve, approbo ; 

fm^, ivring, ftin'^, the tingling of the termi- concei've, COncipio. 

na"tion ng, and the ftarpnefs of the vowel /, ^^^^ ^^^ fupines, fupblUate, fup- 

imply the continuation ot a very flender mo- r v'^/,„„n„ j-r 

tion or tremor, at length indeed vanllhing, ^ilCO ^demonflrate, demonftro ; ./;/- 

but not fuddenly interrupted. But in tmk, pofe, dlipono ; expatiate, expatior ; 

wink, fink, clink, chink, think, that end in a fupprefs, fupprimo ; exempt, eximO. 
mute confonant, there is alfo indicated a fud- 

den ending. 

If there be an /, as in jingle, tingle, tinkle, 
niiigk, fprinklc, tivinUe, there is implied a 
frequency, or iteration of fmall ads. And the 
lame frequency of afts, but lefs fubtile by reafon 
of the clearer vowel a, is indicated in jangle, 
tangle, fpangle, mangle, nvrangle, brangle, dan- 
gle ; as' alfo in mumble, grumble, jumble, tum- 
ble, ftumhk, rumble, crumble, fumble. But at 

Nothing is more apparent, than that Wal- 
lis goes too far in queft of originals. Many 
of thcfe which feem feleded as immediate 
defccndents from the Latin, are apparently 
French, as ctnceive, approve, expofe, exempt. 

Some words purely French, not 
derived from the Latin, we have 

the fame time the clofe u implies "fomethijig transferred into our language ; as, 

obfcure orobtunced ; and a congeries of con- garden, garter, buckler, to ad^vance, 

fonants mbl, denotes a confu fed kind of rol- ^^ ^^,^ to plead, from the Frenchy'flr- 

Jing or tumbling as in ;-^;;;M',/r^«^/f,^^^^^^^^ ^. ■ ■ 1^,^^^^^ avancer, cryer, 

be, ivamble, amble i but m thefe there is '. y ' -^a^^A ^,.»»,^f 

fomething acute. ' //W.;- ; though mdeed, even of 

In nimble, the acutenefs of the vowel de- thefe, part IS of Latin Original. 
notes celerity. In fparkle, fp denotes diffipa- 
tion, ar an acute "crackling, k a fudden in- As to many words which we have in com- 
terrupijion, / a frequent iteration ; and in mon with the Germans, it is doubtful whe- 
like manner in jpnnkk, unlefs in may imply ther the old Teutons ^borrowed them horn 
the fubtility of the diffipated guttules. Thick ' ' ' ' ^ - nn 

;»nd thin differ, in that the former ends with 
an obtak confonant, and the later with an 
acute. ^ 

In like manner, in Jqueek, Jqueak, Jqueal, 
fquall, braul, ivraul, yaul, Jpaiil, fcreck, 
prtck, pril, fiiarp, privdy wrinkle, Ui.:ck, 

the LiUins, or the Latins from the Teu- 
tons, or both had them from fome com- 
mon original ; as, teirte, vinum j ivind, 
ventus ; ivent, veni ; ivay, via j tvall, val- 
lum ; luallo, volvo ; nvool, vellus ; "Will, 
volo ; •zvorm, vermis ; luorth, virtus ; ivafpt 
vefpa ; dm, digs; drmVf trahoj tame, do- 



mo, iay.du ; yoke, jugum, ^Buyo; j o-vcr, 
upfer, fuper, UTrsp j am, fum, £i/*i j break, 
frango j fiy, volo ; i/ow, flo. I make no 
doubt but the Teutonick is more ancient 
than the Latin; and it is no lefs certain, 
that the Latin, which borrowed a great 
number of words, not only from the Greek, 
efpecially the iEolic, but from other neigh- 
bouring languages, as tlie Ofcan and others, 
which have long become obfolete, received 
not a few from the Teutonick. It is certain, 
that the Englifh, German, and other Teu- 
tonick languages, retained fome derived from 
the Greek, which the Latin has not ; as 
path, pfad, ax, achs, mit,ford, pfurd, daugh- 
ter, tochter, mickle, mingle, moon, fear, graijc, 
graff, to gra-ve, to jcrape, ivhole, heal, from 
'Oraj/oj, ct^tVfj, iMsIa, tno^^fxoq, fji,(ydXo;, y.i- 
yvvtti, fxmn, l^foj, ■y^d^poo, c'Xoc, it'Kico. 
Since they received thefe immediately from 
the Greeks, without the intervention of the 
Latin language, why may not other words 
be derived immediately from the fame foun- 
tain, though they be likewife found among 
the Latins. 

Our anceftors were ftudious to 
form borrowed words, however lone, 
into monofyllables ; and no: only 
cut oiF the formative terminations, 
but cropped the firft fyllable, efpeci- 
ally in words beginning with a vow- 
el ; and rejefted not only vowels in 
the middle, but likewife confonants 
of a weaker found, retaining the 
ftronger, which feem the bones of 
words, or changing them for others 
of the fame organ, in order that the 
found might become the fofter ; but 
efpecially tranfpofing their order, 
that they might the more readily be 
pronounced without the intermediate 
vowels. For example, in expendo, 
fpend; exemplum, fainple ; excipio, 
/cape; extTHwcui, ft range ; extradum, 
Jiretch'd; excrucio, tofcreav; exfco- 
rio, to fcoiir ; excorio, to jcowge ; 
excortico, to fcratch; and others "be- 
ginning with ex : as alfo, eniendo, 
to mend ; epifcopus, hijhop ; in Dan- 
ifli Bijp ; epiftola, p'ljlle ; hofpitale, 
Jpittle; Hifpaniaj^/fl/wj hifloria,y?or)'. 

Many of thefe etymologies are doubtful, 
and fome evidently miftaken. 

The following are fomewhat harder, ^/cv- 
ftnder, Sander ; Elijabetha, Betty ; apis, bee; 
aper, bar j p pafling into b, as in Lifjop j 

and by cutting off a from the beginning, 
which is reftored in the middle ; but for the 
old bar or bare, we now fay bear ; as for tang, 
long; {ox bain, bane; iox Jlane, Jlane ; aprugna, 
brawn, ^ being changed into b, and a tranf- 
pofed, as in aper, and g changed into "w, as 
in pignus, painn ; lege, laiu ; dhcnr,^, fcx, 
cutting off the beginning, and changing*^ 
into/, as in pellis, a fdl ; pullus, a foal -y 
^atev, father ; payor, far ; polio, //fj pleo, 
impleo, ///,/;;// ; ph'Qis,j;jh; and tranfpof- 
ing into the middle, which was taken from 
the beginning ; apex, a piece ; peak, pike j 
zophorus, freeze; muftum, Ji:tm ; defenfio, 
fjice; dilpenfator, fpencer ; afculto, efcouter, 
Fr, fcout; exk^lpo, Jcrape, reftoring / inftead 
of r, and hence fcrap, Jcrabble, fcraivl ; ex- 
culpo, fcoop ; exterritus, ftart ; extonitus, 
attonitus, Jionnd; ftomachus, maiv; offen- 
do,fned; obftipo, y?-/; ; audere, dare; ca- 
vere, -ware, whence a-iuare, kivarc, luary, 
ivarn, ivarning ; for the Latin -u confonant 
formerly founded like our iv, and the 
modern found of the c confonant was 
formerly that of the letter /, that is, the 
^olick digamma, which had the found 
of <f», and the modern found of the lettery 
was that of the Greek <p oi ph; ulcus, ul- 
cere, ulcer, fore, and hence forry, forrow, 
forrcivfil; ingenium, engine, gin; fcalenus, 
leaning, unlefs you would rather derive it 
from xXt'w, whence incline ; infundibulum, 
funnel ; gagates, jut ; projedlum, to jett 
forth, a jetty ; cucullus, a coivl. 

There are fyncopes fomewhat harder; 
from tempore, time ; from nomine, narne ; 
domina, dame ; as the French hommi, femme, 
mm, from homine, icemina, nomine. Thus 
pagina, page ; 'Sjoln^iov, pot ; nvinXJ^a, cttp^ ^ 
cantharus, can ; tentorium, tent ; precor, 
pray ; prada, prey ; fpecio, fpeculor, fpy j 
plico, ply ; implico, Jmply ; replico, reply j 
complico, comply ; fedes epifcopalis, fee. 

A vowel is aJfo cut oft' in the middle, that 
the number of the fyllables may be leflened ; 
as, amita, «//« J (pinzns, fpright ; debitum, 
debt ; dubito, doubt; comes, comitis, county 
clericus, clerk; quietus, quit, qi.ite ; acquie- 
to, to acquit ; {epiio,tofpure; llabilis,_/?a^/if j 
ftabulum, jiabls ; pallacium, palace, place ; 
rabula, rail, rawl, tvraiul, braivl, ruble, 
hiable ; qusefitio, qv.ef. 

As alfo a confonant, or at leaft one of a 
fofter found, or even a whole fyllable, ro- 
XMniLWi, round ; {rzgilis, frail ; feturus, yart; 
regula, rule; tegula, tile; fubtilis, /((We- J 
nomen, noun ; decanus, dean ; compute, 
count ; fubitaneus, fuddain, foon ; fuperare, 
to far ; periculum, ^«-.'7j miiahWe, mar-vel ^ 
as, magnus, main j dignor, deign ; tingo, 
Jiain ; tinftum, taint; pinge, paint; prs- 
dari, ruiib. 



The rontrafl-ions may feem harder, where the word glmhal and jumbal is transferred to 
many of them meet, as vLViia.M",, kyrk, church ; other things thus interwoven ; quelques 
ptefbyter, ^my? ; facriftanus, Jexton ; fran- choks, kichjhaios. Since the origin of thefe, 
go, fregi, break, breach; fitgus, •Ipnya, beech, and rr.any others, however forced, is evident, 
/' changed into b, and g into ch, which are it ought to appear no wonder to any one if 
letters near-a-kinj frigefco, freeze^ fri- the ancients have thus disfigured many, e- 
gefco, frcp,k into/', as above in bipr,p,fp, fpecially as they fo much affefted monofylla- 
io in fcapla, Jkiff, /kip, and refrigefco, re- blcs ; and, to make them found the fofter, 
frefi \' but virefco, frcjh; phlebotamus, took this liberty of maiming, tailing away, 
Jicam ; bovina, beef; vitulina, feal; fcutifer, changing, tranfpofing, and foftening them. 
jqiiire ; pcenitentia, penance ; fan<fluarium, But wiiile we derive thefe from the Latin, 
janEiuary, j'entry ; qucelitio, cha[e ; perquifi- I do not mean to fay, that many of them did 
tio, purchase ; anguilla, ccl ; infula, ijle, He, not immediately come to us from the Saxon, 
inland. Hand; infuletta, ijlct, ilet ; eyght Dani(h, Dutch, and Teutonick languages, 
and more contra'£ted]y ey, v.hence O'tcj'iiey, and ot.her dialects, and fome taken more 
Mu/ey, Ely ; examinare, ti jean ; namely, by lately from the French or Italians, or Spa- 
rejetting trom the beginning and end e and o, niards. 

according to the ufual manner, the re- The fime word according to its different 
mainder xaniin, which the Saxons, who did fignincations, often has a different origin ; 
not ufe ^, wnl cfan?er7, ot fcamcn \scontr?.&:- as, to bear a burdcr., from fero; but rs bear, 
ed into yijK ; as trom dominus, dsn; no- v/hence birth, bora, bairti, comes from pario ; 
mine, mun ; abomino, ban; and indeed a- and a ^w^-, at leaft if it be of Latin original, 
pnm examen they turned into fciame; for from /Ivj. T^v.^ perch, a fiih, itom perca ^ 
which we fay y^fiTrwr, by inferting )• to de- but^t-nA, a meafure, from ^frt/Vir, and like- 
r.ote the murmuring; thefaurus, /ore j fe- wKe to perch. To fpel/ is from fyllaba ; but 
dile, Jlool ; leto;, ivcf ; fudc, Jiueat ; gau- fpell, an inchantment, by which it is believ- 
dium, gay ; jocus, jot ; fuccus, juice ; ca- ed that the boundaries are fo fixed in lands 
tena, chain; caliga, calga ; chaufe, chaulfe, that none can pafs them againft the mafter's 
Fr. hoje; txtin^wo,, j'quetich, quench, will, from expello ; and fpell, a melTenger, 
fiat ; foras, firth j fpecies, fpiee ; recito, from epiftola ; whence gcj'pel, good-Jpel, or 
read; Jidjuvo, aid; alwv, aevum, ay, age, god- fpel. T\m% freeje, or freeze, from _/)■/» 
tver ; flofcus, lock; excerpo, [crape, fcrab- gcfco ; hut freeze, an architedlonic word^ 
hie, fcraiul ; exiravzous. /iray,Jlraggle ; col- irom zophorus ; bui freefe, for cloth, from 
leiSum, cht, clutch; colligo, coil; recolligo, Frifa, or perhaps from frigfeo, as being 
recoil; fevero, fiuear ; Rridulus, Jhri II ; pio- more fit than any other for keeping out tha 
curator, prcxy ; pulfo, to pujh ; calamus, a cold. 

quill; impetere, to impe.ich; augeo, auxi, There are many words among us, even 

wax; and vanefco, vanui, ivane ; fyllabare, monofyllabies, compounded of two or more 

toff ell; puteus, ^/> J granum, corn; com- words, at leaf!: ferving inftead of compounds, 

primo, cramp, crump, crumple, crinkle. and comprifing the fjgnification of more 

Some may I'eem harflicr, yet may not be words than one ; as, from fcrip and roll 

rejefted, for it at leaft appears, that fome of comes fcroll ; from proud and dance, prance ; 

them are derived from proper names, and Irom/ of the vtrh Ji ay, or fland znA Ji out ^ 

there are others whole etymology is acknow- is made flout ; from fiout and hardy, Jiitrdy j 

ledged by every body ; as, Alexander, £/iV^, from fp of fpit or j'peiv , znd cut, comes J'pout ^ 

Scandcr, Sander, Sandy, Sanny ; Elizabetha, from the fmie//! with the termination /'n, is 

Elizabeth, Elifabeth, Betty, Bef ; Marga- fpi" ', s.nd :iddin% out, fpin out ; and from the 

rctaj Margaret, Marget, Meg, Fig; Maria, fimefp, with /V, is fpii, which only differs 

Mary, Mai, Pal, Malkin, Ma'iokin, Maivkcs ; fvomfpv.t in that it is fmalier, and with lefs 

Matthjeus, Mattha, Matthav ; Martha, noife and force ; butj/Jr^.'/t'r is, becaufe of the 

Matt, Pat; Gnlielmus, J'f'ilhelm'is, Cirolamo, obfcurc u, fomsihing betvveen_/^?V and fpouty 

Guiilaume, (■i'llliam. Will, Bill, IVikin, Wic' and hv reafon of adding r, it intimates a 

ken, PVuki, Weeks. ^ frequent iteration and noife, but obfcurely 

Thus cariophyllus, flos j geiofilo, Ital. confufed; whereas j^j/r^r, on account of the 

giriflcc, gilofer, 'Er. g/Hifoiver, which the fharpcr and clearer vowel iz, intimates a more 

vulgar call ja/v/owfr, as it' derived from the diflincl noilc, in which it t*iicfly diflers from 

month July; ^tX-x^jfeWnam, pafy ; portu- fputtcr. From the fame _//;, and the termi-» 

laca, purflain ; cydonium, quince; cydoni- nation flrO, comes fpark, fignifying a fingle 

atum, ijuiddeny ; pcrficum, peach ; eruca, emiirion of fire with a noife ; namely, fp 

eruke, which they corrupt to car-iv:g, as if it the emiffion, ar the more acute noife, and 

took its name from the ear ; annullus ge- k, the mute confonant, intimates its being 

minus, u gin.nial, ot gimbal ring -^ and thus fuddenly terminated j but adding /, is made 



the {ttqueTii&t'iverfpdrkk. The {zmefjb, by- 
adding r, that is fff, implies a more lively 
impetus of difFufing or expanding itfclf j to 
which adding the termination ing, it be- 
comes /firing ; its vigour ffr imports, its 
iharpnefs the termination ing, and laftly in 
acute and tremulous, ends in the mute con- 
fonant g, denotes the fudden ending of any 
motion, that it is meant in its primary fig- 
nification, of a fingle, not a complicated ex- 
ilition. Hence we call _^W;;|' whatever has 
an eiaftick force ; as alio a fountain of wa- 
ter, and thence the origin of any thing ; 
and to Jpriijg, to germinate; andfpring, one 
of the four feafons. From the {amej'pr and 
eut, is formed fprout, and with the termi- 
nation ig, j'prig ; of which the following, 
for the moft part, is the difference : fprout, 
of a groffer found, imports a fatter or crofler 
bud ; fprig, of a flenderer found, denotes a 
fmaller rtioot. In like manner, from fir of 
the verb jiri've, and out, comes Jlrout and 
Jirut. From the fame y?r, and the termina- 
tion uggle, is mzde J}ruggk ; and this gl im- 
ports, but without any great noife, by rea- 
fon of the obfcure found of the vowel u. In 
like manner, from throzv and roll is made 
trull i and almoft in the fame fenfc is trundle, 
from throw or thrujl, and rundle. Thus graff 
or grougb is compounded of grave and rough j 
and trudge from tread or trot, and drudge. 

In thefe obfervations it is eafy to 
difcover great fagacity and great 
extravagance, an ability to do much 
defeated by the defire of doing more 
than enough. It may be remarked, 

I. That Wallis's derivations are 
often fo made, that by the fame li- 
cence any language may be deduced 
from any other. 

z. That he makes no diftinftion 
between words immediately derived 
by us from the Latin, and thofe 
which b«ing copied from other lan- 
guages, can therefore afford no ex- 
ample of the genius of the Englilh 
language, or its laws of derivation. 

3. That he derives from the La- 
tin, often with great harlhnefs and 
violence, words apparently Teuto- 
nick ; and therefore, according to 
his own declaration, probably older 
than the tongue to which he refers 

4. That fome of his derivations 
are apparently erroneous. 


The eftablifhed praflice of grammarians 
requires that I fhould here treat ot the Syn- 
tax ; but our language has fo little inflexion, 
or variety of terminations, that its conftruc- 
tion neither requires nor admits many rules. 
Wallis therefore has totally omitted it ; and 
Johnfon, whofe defire of following the wri- 
ters upon the learned languages made him 
think a fyntax indifpcnfably neceflary, has 
publifhed fuch petty obfervations as wers 
better omitted. 

The verb, as in other languages, 
agrees with the nominative in num- 
ber and perfon ; as, Thou jTieJl Jrom 
good ; Iris rum to death. 

Our adjedlives and pronouns are 

Of two fubftantlves the noun pof- 
feffive is the genitive ; as, His father s 
glory ; The fun s heat. 

Verbs tranfitive require an oblique 
cafe; as, He loaves me; Tou fear him. 

All prepofitions require an oblique 
cafe : He ganje this to me ; He took 
this from^/f ; He fays this of mi ; He 
cams with me. 


It IS common for thofe that deliver th6 
grammar of modern languages, to omit the 
Profody. So that of the Italians is negle£led 
by Bucmattei ; that of the French by DeJ- 
■maraiz ; and that of the Englifli by Wallisi 
Cooper, and even by Johnfon though a poet. 
But as the laws of metre are included in the 
ideaof a grammar, I have thought it proper 
to infert them. 

Profody comprifes orthoephy, or the 
rules of pronunciation ; and ortho* 
metry, or the laws of verification. • 

Pronunciation is juft, when 
every letter has its proper found, 
and when every fyllable has its pro- 
per accent, or, wJiich in Englifh ver- 
d iifica- 


■Tification is 


the fame, its proper 


Thd founds of the letters have been alrea- 
dy explained ; and rules for the accent or 
quantity are not eafily to be given, being 
iubjeifl to innumerable exceptions. Such 
.however as 1 have read or formed, I fhall 
here propofe. 

I. Of diffyllaWes formed by af- 
fixing a termination, the former fyl- 
Jableis commonly accented, as child- 
ijh, kingdom, acleji, aded, toilfome, 
io'ver, Jcoffer, fairer, foremojl y zealcus, 
fulnefs, godl)', meekly, artiji. 

Diffyllables formed by pre 

7. DifTyl'able nouns having a 
diphthong in the latter fyllable, have 
commonly their accent on the latter 
fyllable, as appla/ife ; except words 
in ain, certain, moimtain. 

8. TrifTyllables formed by adding 
a termination, or prefixing a fyllable, 
retain the accent of the radical word, 
as U'velinefs, thider7iefs, contemner, 
'wagonnsr, phyjical, hefpatte^, C07n- 
mtnting, commending, a£urance. 

g. TrifTyllables ending in ous, as 
gracious, arduous ; in a/, as capital ; 
in ion, as mention, accent the firft. 

lo.Triflyllables ending in ce, ent,ar\d 
ate, accent the firft fyllable, as <ro«a- 

fixing a fyllable to the radical word, 'f«^»f^» continence, armament, immi 

have commonly the accent on the 
latter; as, to beget, to befetm, to be- 


3. Of diffyllables, which are at 
once nouns and verbs, the verb has 
commonly the accent on the latter, 
and the noun on the former fyllable ; 
as, to dejcant, a defcant ; to cement, 
a cement ; to contract, a contract. 

This rule has many exceptions. Though 
verbs feldom have their accent on the for- 
mer, yet nouns often have it on the latter 
Syllable j as, ddigbt, fi^rfume, 

4. All diffyllables ending in v, as 
cranny ; in our, as labour, fa-vour ; 
in o-Tf, as ivIHo^jj, ivailo'-w, except 
allo^do ; m le, as battle, bible ; vaijh, 
Viibctnijv; in ck, z.'icambrick, cajfock ; 
in ter, as to batter ; in Cige, as cou- 
rage ; \n en, •&.% fafen ; \xi et, as qui- 
et, accent the former fyllable. 

5. Diflyllable nouns in er, asf<7//- 
ker, butter, have the accent on the 
former fvllable. 

6. Jjiilyllable verbs terminating 
in a confonant and e final, as com- 
prife, cfcape ; or havmg a diphthong 
in the lall fvllable, as appeafe, re- 
tveal ; or ending in two confonants, 
as attend; have the accent on the 
latter fyllable. ' 

nent, elegant, propagate, except they 
be derived from words having the 
accent on the laft, as coyirii^jence, ac- 
quaintaftce ; or the middle fyllable 
hath a vowel before two confonants, 
as promulgate. 

11. TrifTyllables ending in y, as 
entity, fpecify, liberty, 'viitory, fubji- 
dy, commonly accent the firft fylla- 

12. TrifTyllables in re or le accent 
the firft fyllable, as legible, theatre, 
except dijciple, and fome words 
which have a pofition, as example, 

13. TrifTyllables in 2/^^ commonly 
accent the firft fyllable, as plenitude. 

14. Triflyllables ending in ator or 
atour, as creatour, or having in the 
middle fyllable a diphthong, as e7i- 
dea-uour ; or a vowel before two con- 
fonants, as domejlick, accent the mid- 
dle fyllable. 

15. Triflyllables that have their 
accent on the laft fyllable are com- 
monly French, as acquiefce, repartee, 
magazine, or words formed by prefix- 
ing one or two fyllables to an acute 
fyllable, as immature, o'vercharge. 

16. Poly fyllables, or words of 
more than three fyllables, follow the 
accent of the words from which they 
are derived, as arrogating, contmency, 

6 ;'« - 


incontinently, commendable y communi- 

1 7. Words in ion have the accent 
upon the antepenult, as falvationy 
perturbation, conc68ion ; words in 
atour or atcr on the penult, as dedi- 

18. Words ending in le common- 
ly have the accent on the firft fylla- 
ble, as amicable, unlefs the fecond 
fyllable have a vowel before two 
confonants, as combuftible. 

\ 9. Words ending in ous have the 
accent on the antepenult, as uxorious, 

20. Words ending in ly have their 
accent on the antepenult, as pujillw 
nimity, aSliniitj. 

Thefe rules are not advanced as complete or 
infallible, but propofed as ufeful. Almofl: every 
rule of every language has its exceptions ; and 
in Englifli, as in other tongues, nnuchmuft be 
learned by example and authority. Perhaps 
more and better rules may be given that have 
efcaped my obfervation. 

Versification is the arrange- 
ment of a certain number of fylla- 
bles according to certain laws. 

The feet of our verfes are either 
lambick, as aloft, create ; or tro- 
chaick, as holy, lofty. 

Our iambick meafure comprifes 

Of four fyllables, 

Moft good, moft fair. 

Or things as rare. 

To call you's loft j 

For all the coft 

Words can beftow. 

So poorly ihow 

Upon your praife. 

That all the ways 

Senfe hath, comes fhort. Drayton. 

With ravifh'd ears 

The monarch hears. Dryden, 

T O N G U E. 

Of fi.v. 

This while we are abroad. 

Shall we not touch our lyre ? 
Shall we not fing an ode ? 

Shall that holy fire. 
In us that ftrongly glow'd, 

In this cold air expire ? 

Though in the utmoft Peak 
A while we do remain, 

Amongft the mountains bleak, 
Expos'd to fleet and rain, 

No fport our hours Ihall break, , 
To exercife our vein. 

Who though brightPhcebus' beams 
Refrelh the fouthern ground. 

And though the princely Thames 
With beauteous nymphs abound. 

And by old Camber's Areams 
Be many wonders found; 

Vet many rivers clear 

Here glide in filver fwathes. 

And what of all niofl: dear, 
Buxton's delicious baths, 

Strong ale and noble chear, 
T'aflwage breem winter's fcathes. 

In places far or near. 
Or famous, or obfcure. 

Where wholefom is the air. 
Or vvhere the mofl: impure, 

All times, and every where. 

The mufe is ftill in ure. Drayt, 

Of eight, which is the ufual meafure 
for Ihort poems. 
And may at laft my weary age 
Find out the peaceful hermitage. 
The hairy gown, and moffy cell. 
Where I may fit, and nightly fpell 
Of ev'ry ftar the fky does fhevv, 
And ev'ry herb that fips the dew. 

Often, which is the common mea- 
fure of heroick andtragick poetry. 
Full in the midft of this created 

Betwixt heav'n, earth, and (Ides, there 
ftands a place 
d 2 Con- 



Confining on all three ; with triple *) In all thefe meafures the accents 

bound ; I are to be placed on even fyllables ; 

Whence all things, though remote, I and every line confidered by itfelf 

are view'd around, T is more harmonious, as this rule is 

And thither bring their undulat- I more ftridlly obferved. 

ing found. J 

The palace of loud Fame, her feat Our trochaick meafures are 

of pow'r, 
Plac'd on the fummit of a lofty Of three fyllables, 

tow'r ;• Here we may 

A thoufand winding entries long and Think and pray, 

wide Before death 

Receive of frefh reports a flowing Stops our breath : 

tide. Other joys 

A thoufand crannies in the walls are Are but toys. 

made ; 
Nor gate nor bars exclude the bufy Of five, 

trade. In the days of old, 

'Tis built of brafs, the better to dif- Stories plainly told, 

fule Lovers fglt annoy. 

The fpreading founds, and multiply 

the news j Of feven. 

Where echo's in repeated echo's p^ireft piece of well-form'd earth, 

P^'^y • Urge not thus your haughty birth. 

A mart for ever full ; and open night 

..^ ,,. y." ... . In thefe meafures the accent is to 

]\or hleuce is within, nor voice ex- ^^ .^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^ iylhhlcs. 

prci.s, ^ ■' 

But a deaf noife of founds that never ^j,^^^^ ^^^ j^, ^_,,f„,„ ^hich are now in 

^£^»2 ; ufe^ and above the reft thofe of feven, eight, 

Confus'd, and chiding, like the hoi- and ten fyllables. Our ancient poets wrote 

low rare verfes fometimes of twelve fyllables, as Dray- 

Of tides, receding from th' infulted ton's Polydbion. 

more ; Of all the Cambrian fhires their heads that 
Or like the broken thunder, heard tear fo high, 

from far. And farth'ft furvey their foils with an am- . 
When Jove to diftance drives the rol- bitious eye, 

lino- war Mervinia for her hills, as for their matchlefs 

The COlTrt. are flU'd with atumuku- TheneSthatarefaid tokifsthewand'ring 

ous din _ clouds, 

Of crouds, or ilTuing forth, or entring Efpecial audience craves, offended with the 

in : throng, 

A thorough-fare of news ; where That <he of all the reft neglected was fo 

r IT long; 

iome Clevile ^ Alledging for hcrfelf, when through the 

Things never heara, fome mingle Saxons pride, 

truth Witl) lies ; The godlike race of Brute to Severn's fetting 

The troubled air with empty founds '"'^e 

thev 1 "it Were cruelly iuforc'd, her mountains did re- 

Intent to hear, and eager to repeat. Thefe whom devouring war elfe every lyherc 

Prydgn. did grieve. 


And when all Wales befide (by fortune or by 

Unto her ancient foe refign'd her ancient right, 

A conftant maiden ftill fhe only did remain. 

The laft her genuiAe layys vlych iloutly did. 
retain. . • . . 

And as each one is prais'd for her peculiar 
things ; 

So only flie is rich, in mountains, meres, and 

And holds herfelf as great in her fupei'fluous 

As others by their towns, and fruitful til- 
lage grac'd. 

And of fourteen, as Chapman's Homer. 

And as the mind of fuch a man, that hath a 

long way gone. 
And either knoweth not his way, or elfe 

would let alone 
His purpos'd journey, is diftradt. 

The verfe of twelve fyllables, called an 
Alexandrine, is now only ufed to diverfify hc- 
roick lines. 

Waller was fmooth, but Dryden taught to. 

The varying verfe, the full refounding 

The long majcftick march, and energy di- 

The paufe in the Alexandrine muft be at 
the fixth fyllable. 

The verfe of fourteen fyllables is now bro- 
ken into a foft lyrick meafure of verfes, con- 
fiding alternately of eight fyllables and fix. 

She tp receive thy radiant name, 
Seleds a whiter fpace. 

When all fhall praife, and ev'ry lay 

Devote a wreath to thee. 
That d^-, for come it will, that day 

Shall I lament to fee. 

We have another meafure very quick and 
lively, and therefore much ufed in fongs, 
which may be called the anapcjikk, in which 
the accent refts upon every third fyllable. 

May I govern my paffions v;ith abfolute 

And grow wifer and better as life wears a- 

way. • 

In this meafure a fyllable is often re- 
trenched from the iirft footj as 

Diogenes furly and proud. 
I think not of I'ris, nor I'ris of mc. 

Thefe meafures are varied by many com« 
binations, and fometimes by double endings, 
either with or without rhyme, as in the hs- 
rojck meafure. 

'Tisheav'n itfelf that points out an here- 
And intimates eternity to loan. 

So in that of eight fyllables, 

They neither added nor confounded. 
They neither wanted nor abounded. 

In that of feven, 

For refiflrance I could fear pgne. 

But with twenty fhips had done, 
Wjbat thou, braye and happy Vernon^ 

Haft atchiev'd with fix alpne. 

In that of fix, 

'Twas when the feas were roaring. 

With hollow blafts of wind, 
A damfel lay deploring. 
All on a rock redin'd. 

In the anapeftick, 

When terrible tempeils affall us. 

And mountainous billows affright. 
Nor power nor wealth can avail us. 

But fkilful induftry fteers right. 

To thefe meafures, and their laws, may 
be reduced every fpecies of Englilh verfe. 

Our verfification admits of few 
licences, except ?l fynalacpha, or eli- 
fion of e in the before a vowel, as 
tl} eternal ; and more rarely of o in 
to, as f accept ; and a fyn^erefis, by 
which two ftiort vowels coalelce into 
one fyllable, z.% (iueJiion,fpeciah, or a 
word is contrafted by the expulfion 
of a fiiort vowel before a lic^uid, as 
avrice, temperance. 

Thus have I co]le(a:ed rules and examples, 
by which the Englifh language may be learn- 
ed, if the reader be already acquainted with 
grammatical terms, or taught by a mafter 
to thofe that are more ignorant. To have 
written a grammar for fuch as are not yet 
initiated in the fchools, would have been te- 
dious, and perhaps at laft ineffectual. 







































































































Th D, S, f , That f , and 3, 

Directions to the BO OK- BINDER. 

Vol. I. Encs with Letter K.- 

Vol. IL Begins with Letter L, 



O F T H E 



A Has, in the Englilh language, 
three different founds. The 
1^ broad found, as, ail, loall. A 
J open, father, rather. A flender 
or clofe, is the peculiar a of the Englifh 
language. Of this found we have examples 
in place, face, "wafle. 
i. A, an article fet before nouns of the 
lingular number ; a man, a tree. Before' 
a word beginning with a vowel, it is writ- 
ten an, as, an ox. 

3. A is fometimes a noun j as great A. 

4. A IS placed before a participle, or par- 
ticipial noun. 

yf hunting. Prior. 

A begging. Dryd.. 

5. A has a fignification, denoting propor- 
tion. The landlord hath a hundred a year. 


6. A is ufed in burlefque poetry, to lengthen 
out a fyllable. 

For cloves and nutmegs to the \mt-a, Dryd. 

7. A is fometimes put for he. 

8. A, in compofition, fesms the French 
a, and fometimes at, ajide, ajlope, aivare. 
a •weary, a-lrif>. Shakefpeare. 

9. A is fnmetimes redundant 3 as, arife, 
aroufe, aivake, Dryd. 

10. A, in abreviations, (lands for artium, 
or arts. 

A'BACUS. /. [Lat. abacus.-^ 

1. A counting-table. 

2. The uppermoft member of a column. 
ABA'FT. a. [of abaptan. Sax.] From the 

fore- part of the fliip, towards the ftern. 
To ABA'NDON. -v. a. [Fr. abandonner.'] 

1. To give up, refign, or quit. Dryd. 

2. To defert. Sidney. Shake/. 

3. To foffake, Stenfer, 

A B B- 

ABANDONED, part, ad, 

1. Given up. Sbakef, 

1. Forfaken. 

3. Corrupted in the higheft degree. 
AB A'NDONMENT. /. [abatidonnemeitt, Fr.J 

The aft of abandoning, 
ABARTtCULA'TION, /. [from ab, from, 

and ariicu.'us, a joint, Lat. J That fpecies 

of articulation that has manifeft motion. 
To ABASE. 1/. a. [Fr. abaifer.] To cad 

down, to deprefs, to brin^ low, Sidney^ 
ABA'SEMENT. /. Theftate of being brought 

low ; depreihon. Ecclefiaflicust 

To ABA'SH. -v. a. [See BASHFUL.] To 

make afhamed. Milton, 

To ABA'TE. -v. a. [from the French 


1. To leffen, to diminifli, Davieu 

2. To dejeft, or deprefs. Dryda 
o. To let down the price in felling. 

To ABATE, -v. n. To grow his, Dryd. 

To ABATE, [in common law.] To abate 
a wiit, is, by fome exception, todefeator 
overthrow it, CoiveU 

ABA'TEMENT. /. [abatement, Fr.] 

J. The adt of abating. Locks, 

2. The ftate of being abated. Arbuth, 

3. The fum or quantity taken away by 
the aft of abating. Swift, 

4. The caufe of abating ; extenuation, 

ABA TER. /. The agent or caufe by which 

an abatement is procured. Arbuthnct. 

ABB. /. The yarn on a weaver's warp ; 

among clothiers. Cbambert, 

A3BA. f. [Heb. OX] A Syriac word, which 

fignifies father. 
A'BBACY. /. [Lat. ahh.i:ta,'\ The rights or 

privikge^ of an abbot, 



A'BBESS. /. [Lat. ahhavjfa, abbejs in Fr.] 
The fupeiiour of a nunnery. Dryd. 

A'OBEY, orABEY. /. [Lat. ahbatla.^ A 
monaftery of religious perfonf, whether 
men or women. ^hakefp. 

A'BSEY-LuEBER. /. A flothful loiterer in 
a religious houfe, under pretence of retire- 
ment. Dryd. 

A'BBOT./. [in the lower Latin abbas.} The 
chief of a convent. 

To ABBREVIATE lua. [Lzt. abhrc-viare.'] 

1. Todiorten by conirjflionof parts with- 
out lofs of the main fubft.'.nce. Bi2con, 

2. To ftorten, tocutfliort. Brotcti, 

1. The ait of abbreviating. 

2. Tli2 means ufed to abbreviate, as cha- 
rafters Ignifying whole words. Hivift. 

ABBREVIA'TOR. /...One who abridges. 
ABBRE'VIATURE. /. fabtn-L-icUura, Lat.] 

1. A mark ufed for the f.ike of /horffning. 

2. A compendH'im or abridgement. Taylor. 
ALBREU^Ol'R. [in French, a watering- 
place,] Among mafons, the joint or jun- 
(flare of two ftones. 

A, B, C. 

I. The alph.^bet. 

2L. The little book by which the elements 

of readins are taught. 
To A'BDICATE. i\ a. [Lat. ahdico.'] To 

give up right ; to refign. ^/j:f:n. 

ABDICATION. /. [abdiotio, Lat,] the 

s& of abdicating ; rdignation, 
A'BDICATIVE. a. That ■Cv^hich caiifes or 

in>plies an abdication, 
ABDO'MEN. /, [Lat. from niJo, to hide.] 
« A cavity commonly called the lower venter 

or belly : It contains the ftomach, guts, 

liver, ipleeJi, bladder, and is within lined 

with a membrane called the periton.xom. 
ABDO'MINAL. 7 j. Relating to the 
ABDOMINOU.S. 5 abdomen. 
To ABDU'CE -v.j. [Lat, ffbduco.] To draw 

to a ditFerent part j to withdraw one part 

from another. Broivn, 

ABDU'CENT. a. Mjfcles abducent fervc 

to open or pull back divers pailsof the body, 
ABDU'CnR. /. [aUuSior, Lat.] The 

mnfcles, which draw back the feveral 

members. ^Irhiithnot. 

ABECED.A'RLAN. /. [from the names of 

<j, h. c, A teacher of thcaiphaber, or tiifl 

r'jdiments of literature, 

Belonging to the alphabet, 
ABE'D. ad. [Ttoni a, for a/. See (.A,) and 

Bkd.J In bed, Sidmy. 

ABE'RRANCE, /. A deviation from the 

right w;iy ; an errour. Glan'viHe, 

ABE'RRANCY. The fame with Aeer- 

K A N C E . Broivn. 

ABE'P.RANT. a. [from aberrant, Lat.] 

Waudeiin^ from the right or known vvaj^. 

A B J 

ABERRA'TION. /, [from absrratio, Lat.] 
The aft of deviating from the common 
track. Glan-ville. 

ABE'RRING. part, [aberro, Lat ] Gojng 
artrav, Brczvn. 

, To ABERU'NCATE. -v. a. [awrunco, Ut.] 
To pull up by the roots. 

To ABE'T. f, a. [from betan, Sax.] To 
pufn forward another, to fupport him in 
his defigns by connivance, encouragement, 
or help. Fairy ^ 

ABETMENT. /. The aft of abetting. 

ABETTER, or ABETTOR, / He that 
abets ; the fupporter or encourager of 
another, Dryd, 

ABEY'ANCE, / The right of fce-fimple 
Jieth in abeyance, when it is all only in the 
remeniberance, intendment, and conCde- 
ration of the law, Coivel, 

To ABHO'R. -v. a, [abhorreo, Lat.] To 
hate With acrimony ; to ioath. Milton. 

ARHO'RRENCE. /. [from abhor,] 

TJie ail of abhorring, defeftation. South, 

ABHO'RRENCY. /, The fame with Ab- 
horrence, Locke, 

ABHO'RRENT. a. [from abhor.'] 

1. Struck with abherrence. 

2, Contrary to, foreigfi, inconOftent with. 

ABHO'RRER. / [from abhor.] A hater, 

detefier. i>iv:fe. 

To AB4'DE. 1/. M, I abode or abid, [from 

aubitiian, Sax,] 

1, To dwell in a placpj not remove. Gen. 

2. To dwell, Shakefp. 
3.. To remain, not ceafeor fail, Pfalm. 

4. To continue in the fame ftate. StiHin^Jl, 

5. To wait for, expedt, attend, await. 

Fairy S^. 

6. To bear or fupport the confequences of 
a thing. Milton. 

7. To bear or fupport, without being con- 
quer'd. Woodivard. 

8. To bear without averfion. Hidr.ey, 

9. To bear or fuller. Pope, 

10. It is ufed with ths participle -with be- 
fore a perfoD, and at or ?« before a place. 

ABl'DER. /. [from abide.] The perfon that 

abides or dwells in a place, 
ABI'DING, /. [from abide.] Continuance. 

A'BJECT. a, [ahjiBm., Lat.] 

1, Mean, or wcrthlefj. Jlddifon, 

2. C ntemptible, or of no value. Mi't. 

3, Without hope or regard. Milt, 

4. D-"ftitute, mean and defpicable 

Dryd. Pope, 
A'BJECT. /. A man without hope. Pjalm. 
To ABjE'CT. "v. a. \_abycio, Lat.J To 

throw aw.iy. 
ABJE'CTEDNESS, /, [from objeB.] The 
flate of an abjeft. Boyle. 


A B N 

ABJE'CTION. /. [from ahj.a.] Meannefs 
of mind ; fervility ; bafenefs. Hooker. 

A'BJECTLY. a. [from abjea.] In an ab- 
je<fi: manner, meanly. 

A'BJECTNESS. /. [from abjeSI.'^ Servility, 
meannefs, Greio. 

ABI'LITY. /. [Habi'Me', Fr.] 

1. The power to do any thing, whether 
depending iiponl];ill, or riches, or ftrength. 

Si drey. 

2. Capacity. Dan, 

3. when it has the plural number, abili- 
ties, it frequently figoifies the faculties or 
powers of the mind. Rogers. 

ABINTE'STATE. a. [of ab, from, and 
ititejiafjs, Lat.] A term of law, implying 
him that inherits from a man, who thtngh 
he had the power to make a will, yet did 
not make it. 

To ABJU'RE. 'V. a. [jbjuro, Lat.] 

1. To fwear not to do fomethlng. Hah, 

2. To retraft, or recant, or abnegate a 
pofition upon oath. 

ABJURA'TION. /. [from abjure.] The adl 

of abjuring. The oath taken for that end . 
To ABLA'CTATE. -v, a. [ablaclo, Lat.J 

To wean from the breaft. 
ABLACTA'TION. /. One of the methods 

of grafting. 
ABLAQUEA'TION. [ab!a^ueatio,L3t.'] The 

pradlice of opening the ground about the 

roots of trees, E-velyn, 

ABLA'TION. /. {ablatio, Lat.] The aft of 

taking away. 
A'BLATIVE. lablativus, Lat.] 

I. That which takes away. 

a. The fixth cafe of the Latin nouns. 
A'BLE. a. [habile, Ft.habi.'is, Lat. 

1, Having ftrong faculties, or great flrength 
or knowledge, riches, or any other power 
of mind, body, or fortune. Bacon, 

2. Having power fuflicient. South, 
To A'BLE. 1/. a. To make able j to enable. 

ABLE-BODIED, ad. Strong of body. 
To A'BLEGATE. -v. a. [ab'ego, Lat.] To 

fend abroad upon fome employment. 
ABLEGA'TION. /. [from ablegate.] A 

fending abroad. 
A'BLENESS./. [from able,] Ability of body, 

vigour, force. Sidney. 

A'BLEPSY. /. ['A?X=vL.'a, Gr,] Want of 

A'BLUENT. a. [abluens, Lat.] 

That which has the power of cleaning,'' 
ABLU'TION, /. {abktio, Lat.] 

1. The aft of cleanfing, 

2. The rinfing of chemical preparations in 

3. The cup given, without confecration, to 
the laity in the popifli churches. 

To A'BNEGATE. v. a. [from abnego, Lat.] 
To deny. 


ABNEGA'TION. /. {abnegatio, Lat.] De- 
nid, renunciation. Hcmmond, 

ABO'ARD. a. [from the French a bord, as, 
alier u bord, en-voyer a bord.] In a {h'p. 

ABODE. /. [from abide.] 

1. Habitation, dwellinc, place of refidence, 


2. Stay, continuance in a place. Shake//). 

3. To mjke abode ^ to dwell, to refide, to 
inhabit. Dryd, 

To ABODE, -v. a. [See BODE.] To fore- 
token or foreftow ; to be a prognoftic, to 
be ominnus. Sbakej'p, 

ABO'DEMENT./. [from to abode.] A fecret: 
anticipation (if ilmething future. Shakejf, 

To ABO'LISH. -v. a, [from ob:ho, Lat.J 

1. To annul. Hooker, 

2. To put an end to ; to deflroy. Hayiv. 
ABOLLSHABLE. a. [from abohfj.] That 

which may be aboliflied. 
ABOLISHER. /. [from abolifi.] He that 

ABO'LISKMENT. /. [from abolif}.] The 

aft of abolifliing. Hooker. 

ABOLITION. /. [from abolifr.] The aft 

of abolifliing, Greiv, 

ABO'MINABLE. a. [abominabilis, Lat.] 

1. Hateful, deteftable. Sivift. 

2. Unclean. ' Le-vuicus. 
, 3. In low and ludicrous language, it is a 

word of loofe and indeterminate cenfure, 

ARO'MINABLENESS./. [from abomirable.] 
The quality of being abominable ; hate- 
fuinefs, odioufnefs, Eer.tley, 

AEO'MINABLy. a. [from abominable,] 
exceffively, extremely, exceedingly j in the 
ill fenfe. Arbuthnot, 

To ABO'MINATE. v. a, [abominor, Lat.] 
To abhor, deteff, hate utterly. Southern, 


1. Hatred, deteftation. Stvi/t, 

2. The objert of hatred. Genets, 

3. Pollution, defilement. Skakefp. 

4. The caufe of pollution. 2 Kings, 
ABCRI'GINES. f. Lat. The earlieft inha- 
bitants of a country ; thofe of whom no 
original is to be traced ; as, the Wel/h in 

ABO'RTION. /. [abortio, Lat.] 

1. Th« acTt of bringing forth untimely. 

2. The produce of an untimely birth. 

ABORTIVE, /. That which is born before 
the due time, PeocLam. 

ABORTIVE, a.laborti-vut, l.zi,] 

1. Brought forth before the due time of 
birth. Shake jp. 

2. Figurately, that which fails for want 
of time. South, 

3. That which brings forth nothing, 

B * ABO'R- 


ABO'RTIVELY. ad. [from ahortivf.] Born 
without the due time j immaturely, un- 

ABO'RTIVENESS. /. [from aborti-ve.} The 
ftate of abortion. 

ABO'RTMENT. /. [from ahorto, Lat.] The 
thing brought forth out of time ; an un- 
timely birth. Bacon. 

ABO'VE. prep, [from a, and bupan, Saxon. j 
iio'ven, Dutch.! 

I. Higher in place. Di-yden. 

a. More in quantity or number, Exod. 

3. Higher in rank, power or excellence. 


4. Superiour to ; unattainable by. Sivtfe, 

5. Beyond ; more than. Locke. 

6. Too ptoud for j too high for. Pof>e. 
ABO'VE. ad. 

1. Over-head. Bacon, 

2. In the regions of heaven. Pope. 

3. Before. Dryd. 
"From abo-ve, 

3. From an higher place. Dryd. 

a. From heavtB. James, 

ABOVE ALL. In the firft place ; chiefly. 


ABOVE-BOARD. In open fight ; without 
artifice or triik. U Efirange. 

ABOVE-CITED. Cited before. Addijon, 

ABOVE-GROUND. An expreflion ufed to 
fjgnify, that a man is alive j not in the 


To ABOUND -v. n. [ahundo, Lat. abortdcr, 

J. To have in great plenty. 
1. To be in great plenty. 

ABO'UT. prep, [aburan, or aburon, Sax.] 

1. Round, futrounding, encircling. Dryd. 

2. Near to. B. yohnj. 

3. Concerning, with regard to, relating to. 


4. Engaged in, employed upon. Taylor, 
e,. Appendant to the Perfon ; as, cloaths, 
6ff. Milton. 
6. Relating to the perfon, as a fervant. 


ABO'UT. ad, Stake/. 

I, Circularly, Shakefp, 

%. In circuit. Shakefp. 

3. Nearly. Bacon, 

4. Here and there ; every way. Fa, ^ 
c. With to before a verb j a?, about to fy ; 
upon the point, within a fmall time of. 

6. The longeft way, in oppofition to the 
fhort rtraight way. _ Shakefp. 

7. To ^"■'"g ''^°''^5 to bring to the point 
or ftate ilelired ; as, be has brought about 
his purpofes. 

8. To come about ; to come to fome cer- 
tain flate or point. 

9. Jo go about a thing j t(j prepare to do 

A B R 

it. Some of thefe phrafes feem to derive 
their origiual from the French a bout ; i/^nsr 
a bout d^une chofe ; •vetiir^ a bout de quel- 

A. Bp. for Archbi/hop. 

ABRACADA'BRA. A fuperftitious charm 
again-ft agues. 

To ABRA'DE. v. a. [Lat. ohrado.'\ To 
rub off; to wear away from the other 
parts. HdiU, 


ABRA'SION. [See Abrade.] 

I. The aft of abrading ; a rubbing ofF. 
2- The matter worn off by the attrition of 

ABRE'AST. ad. [See Breast.] Side by 
fide ; in fuch a pofition that the breads 
may bear againft the fame line. Shakefp, 
To ABRI'DGE. v. a. [abreger, Fr. ab~ 
kreuio, Lat.] 

1. To make fhorter in words, keepingftill 
the fame (ubftance. -z Mace. 

2. To contraift, to diminift, to cut fhort. 

* Locke. 

3. To deprive of. Shakefp. 
ABRI'GED OF. p. Deprived of, debarred from. 
An ABRI'DGER. /. [from abridge.] 

1. He that abridges ; a fliortener. 

2. A writer of compendiums or abridg- 

ABRI'DGMENT. /. [abregement, French.] 

1. The contraftion of a larger work into 
a fmall compafs. Hooker. 

2. A diminution in general. Donne. 

3. Reftraint, or abridgment of liberty. 


ABRO'ACH. ad. [See ToBkoach.] 

I, In a pofture to run out, Stoiff. 

2' In a ftate of being difiufed or advanced. 


ABROAD, ad. [compounded of a and 

broad. ] 

1. Without confinement ; widely j at large. 


2. Out of the houfe. Shakefp, 

3. In another country. Hooker. 

4. In all direftjons, this way and that. 


5. Without, not within. Hooker. 
To A'BROGATE. -v. a. [al>rogo, Lat. J To 

take away from a law its force j to re- 
peal, to annul. Hooker, 

ABROGATION. /. [abrogatio, Lit.] The 
adt of abrogating ; the repeal of a law. 

ABRU'PT. a. [abruptus, Lat.] 

1. Broken, craggy. Thomfon, 

2. Divided, without any thing intervening. 

Mi hen. 

3. Sudden, without thecuRomary or pro- 
per preparatives. Shakefp. 

4. UnCcnnefted, B, Johnj, 


A B S 

ABRU'PTION. /. [ahruptio, Lat.] Violent 
and fudden feparation. Woodiuard. 

, ABRU'PTLY, ad. [See Abrupt.] Haftily, 
without the due forms of preparation. 

Sldriry. Add. 
ABRU'PTNESS. /, [from abrupt.} 

1. An abrupt manner, hafte, fuddennefs, 

2. Unconnedtcdnefs, roughnefs, cragginefs. 

A'DSCESS. [abfceffus, Lat.] A morbid cavity 

in the body. Arbuth. 

To ABSCI'ND. -v. a. To cut off. 
ABSCl'SSJ. [Lat.] Part of the diameter 

of a conic feftion, intercepted between the 

vertex and % femi- ordinate. 
ABSCrSSlON. /. {abjdjfio, Lat.] 

1. The a(ft of cutting off. fVifeman, 

2. The ftate of being cut off. Broivn. 
To ABSCO'ND. -v. n. [abjcondo, Lat.] To 

hide one's felf. 
ABSCO'NDER. /. [ftom abfcond.] Theper- 

Ibn that abfconds. 
A'BSENCE. /. [See Absent.] 

I. The ilate of being abfent, oppofed to 

prefence. Sbakefp. 

a. Want of appearance, in the legal fenfe, 

3. Inattention, heedlefTnefs, negledlofthe 
prefent objefl. Addijon. 

A'BSENT. a. [abfens, Lat.] 

1. Not prefent j ufed with the particle 
froryi. Pope, 

2. Abfent in mind, inattentive. Addijon. 
To ABSE'NT. v. a. To withdraw, to for- 
bear to come into prelence. Shakefp. 

ABSENTE'E. /. A word ufed commonly 
with regard to Irifhmen living out of their 
country. Da-vies, 

ABSI'NTHIATED. p. [from abfmthium, 
Lat.] Impregnated with wormwood. 

To ABSrST. -v, n. \_abfijlo, Lat.J To fland 
off, to leave off. 

To ABSOLVE, -v. a. [abfol-vo, Lat.] 

1. To clear, to acquit of a crime in a ju- 
dicial fenfe. Shakefp. 

2. To fet free from an engagement or 
promife, IValler, 

3. To pronounce a fin remitted, in the 
ecclefiaftical fenfe. Pope. 

4. To finifh, to complete. Hale, 
A'BSOLUTE. a. [abfoluius, Lat.] 

J. Complete j applied as well to perfons 
as things. Hooker, 

y.. Unconditional j as, an aijolute promife. 


3. Not relative ; as, ahjolute fpace. 


4. Not limited ; as, ahjolute power. 

A'BSOLUTELV, ad. [from ahjolute,'] 

J. Completely, without le^ti^ioiy, Stdney, 

2. Without relation. Hooker. 

3. Witftout limits or dependance, Drjd, 

A B S 

4. Without condition. Holler, 

5. Peremptorily, pofitively. Mi/ten 
A'CSOLUTENESS. /. [from ahjolute.} 

1. Compkatnefs. 

z. Freedom from dependance, or limits. 

3. Defpotifm. Bacon. 

ABSOLU'TION. /. [abfolutio, Ln.] 

1. Acquittal. 

2. Theremiflion of fin', or penance. South 
ABSOLUTORY, a. [abfolutonus, Lat.J 

That which abfolves. 
A'BSONANT. a. Contrary to reafon. 
A'BSONOUS. a. [aifonus, Lat.] Abfurd, 

contrary to reafon. 
To ABSO'RB. v. a. [abforbeo, Lat. prefer, 

abjorbed ; part, ptei.abforhed, or abfcrpt.] 

1. To fwallow up. Phillips. 

2. To fuck up, Har-ve^', 
ABSG'RBENT. /. [abforbens, Lat.] A 

medicine that, by the foftnefs or porofity 
of its parts, either cafes the afpeiities of 
pungent humours, or draws away fuperflucus 
moifture in the body. . 0uincv 

ABSO'RPT. p. [from ahjorh.} Swluowed 
"P- Pope. 

ABSO'RPTION. /. [from ahjorb.] The ia 
of Iwallowing up. Burnet. 

To ABSTAIN. 1,. n. [ab/iineo, Lat.J To 
forbear, to deny one's felf any gratification. 

ABSTE'MIOUS. a. [abjiemius, Lat.] Tern- 
perate, fober, abftinent. 

ABSTE'MIOUSLY. ad. [from abliemiou!.'\ 
Temperately, foberly, without indulgence 

ABSTE'MIOUSNESS. f. [See Abstemi- 
ous.] The quality of being abttemious. 

ABSTE'NTION, /, [from ahjiineo, Lat.l 
The adf of holding oft'. -* 

To ABSTE RGE, -v. a. [abjlergo, Lat.] To 
cleanle by wiping, 

A'BSTERGENT, a. Cleanfing ; having a 
clcanfing quality. 

To ABSTE'RSE. [See Absterge.] To 
cleanfc, to purifv. Brown. 

AB^TE'RSION,/: [ahfter/to, Lat.] The ad 
of cleanfing. Bacon. 

ABSTE'RSIVE. a. [from abjlerge.] That 
has the quality of abfteiging or cleanfing. 


A'BSTINENCE. /. [abjlinentia, Lat.J 

1, Forbearance ef any thing. Locke. 

2. Farting, or forbearance of necelFary 
food. Shakefp, 

A'BSTINENT. a. [abjli.exis, Lat.J That 

ufes abrtii;ence. 
To ABSTRACT, -v. a. [ahjjralo, Lat.] 

1. To take one thingfrom another. Decay, 

2. To feparate ideas. Locke, 

3. To reduce to an epitome. Watts. 
A'BSTRACT. a. [ahfir^^aus, Lat,] 

Separated from foniething e!fe, generally 

ufed with relation to mental perceptions ; 

asj abpraii mathematics, Wdkint, 



A C A 

ATiSTRACT. /, [from the verb.] 

J. A Irnaller quantity, containing the vir- 
tue or power of a greater. Shake fp. 
2- An epitome made by taking out ;he 
principal paitf. PVaits. 
3. The ftate of being abftrafled. Woitoiu 

ABSTRA'CTED. f. a. [from abftraa.'\ 

1. Separated. Milton. 

2. Refined, abftrufe. Donne. 

3. Abfent of mind. 
ABSTRA'CTEDLY. ad. With abHraaion, 

fimply, feparalely from all contingent cir- 
ctinnftances. Dryd, 

ABSTRA'CTION. /. [abpraBio, Lat.] 
I. The aft of abftrafting. JVjtts. 

%. The ftate of being ablhafled. 

3. Abfence of mind, inat ention. 

4. Difregard of worldly objedls. 
ABSTRA'CTIVE. a. [from' ahflra^.} Ha- 
ving the power or quality of abilradling. 

ABSTRA'CTLY. ad. [h^m ab/lraa.} In an 
abftraif manner, abfolutely. Bentley. 

ABSTRU'SE. a. [abjlrujus, Lat. thruft out 
of light.] 

1. Hidden. 

2. Difficult, remote from conception cr 

ABSTRCi'SELY. ad. Obfcurely, not plainly, 
or obvioufly. 

ABSTRU'SENESS /. [from abjlruf.} Diffi- 
culty, obfcuritv. Boyle, 


1. Abllrufencfb. 

2, That which is abftrufe. Broivn. 
To ABSU'ME. 1: a. [abfumo, Lat.] To 

bring to an end by a gradual wafte. Ha!e, 
ABSU'RD. a. [abjurdus, Lat.] 

I. Unreafonable ; without judgment. Bac. 

2- Inconfiftent ; contrary to lealbn. Suutb. 
ABSU'RDITY. /. [from ahjurd.] 

1. The quality of being abfurd. Lode. 

2. That which is abl'urd. Addif. 
ABSU'RDLY. ad. [from obfurd} Impro- 
perly, unreafonably. Sivift. 

ABSU'RDNESS. /. The quality of being 
abfurd ; injudicioufnefs, impropriety. 

ABU'NDANCE. /. [abondance, Fr.] 

I. Plenty. Crajhaiu. 

a. Great numbers. Addifan. 

3. A great quantity. Raleigb. 

4. Exuberance, more than enough. Sfeiif. 
ABU'NDANT. a. [abuijati:, Lat.] 

1. Plentiful. I'ar. Lofi. 
a. Exuberant, Arbuth. 
3. Fully ftured. Burnet. 

ABU'NDANTLY. ad. [from abundant.'^ 
J. In plenty. Gen, 

2. Amply, liberally, more thanfofficieotly. 

To AEU'SE. -v. a. \ahutr,r^ Lat. In abufe 
the veib, / has the found of js j in the 
noun, the common found.] 

1. To make an ill ufe of. 1 Cor. 

2. To deceive, to impofe upon. Bacon. 
I,- To treat with rudenel's. Sbakejp. 

ABU'SE. /. [from the verb abufe.] 

1. The ill ufe of any thing. Hooker, 

2. A corrupt praftice, hid caRom- S-wt/e. 

3. Seducement. Sidney, 

4. Unjuft cenfure, rude reproach. Miit, 
ABU'SER. /. [pronounced abuzer.] 

1. He that makes an ill ufe, 

2. He that deceives. 

3. He that reproaches with rudenefs> 
3. A raviflier, a violater. 

ABU'ilVE. a. [from abufe.'] 

I. Pra<ffifing abufe. Pope. 

z. Containing abufe } as, an abufeve lam- 
poon. Rofeommon, 
3. Deceitful. Bacon, 

ABU'SIVELY. ad. [from abufe.] 

i. Improperly, by a wrong ufe. Boyle, 

2- Reproachfully. Herbert, 

To ABU'T. -v. n. obfolete. [aboutir, to touch 
at the end, Fr.] To end at, to border upon j 
to meet, or approach to. 

ABUTMENT. /. [from abut.] That which 
abuts, or borders upon another. 

ABY'SM. /. [abyfmc, old Fr.] A gulf; the- 
fame with ribyfs. Shakefp, 

ABY'SS. /. [abyfus, Lit. "ASua-cr©', bot- 
tomlt^fs, Gr.]'" 

1. A depth without bottom. Milton. 

2. A great depth, agulph, Dryd. 

3. That in which any thing is loft. Locke. 

4. The body of waters at the centre of the 
earth, Burnet. 

5. In the l.inguage of divines, hell, Rofc, 
AC, AK, or AKE. In the names of places 

asASJon, an oak, from the Saxon ac, an oak, 
ACA'CIA. f. [Lat.] 

1. A drug brought from Egypt, which 
being fuppofed the infpiifated juice of a 
tree, is imitated by the juice of floes, 


2. A tree commonly fo called here, 
ACADE'MIAL. a. [from acadewy.] Re- 
lating to an academy. 

ACADE'iVIIAN. /. [from academy.] A fcho- 
lar of an academy or univerfity. Wood. 

AtlADE'lVIICAL. a. [academicus, Lat.] Be- 
longing to an univerfity. Wotton, 

ACADE'MICK. /. [from academy.] A ftu- 
dent of univerfity. J-Vaits. 

ACADE'MICK. a. \academicus, Lat.] Re- 
lating to an univerfity. Dunciad. 

ACADEMrciAN. /. [academieien, Fr.J 
The member of an academy. 

ACA'DEMIST. /. [from academy.] The 
member of an atademy. Ray, 

ACA'DEMY. /. {academia, Lat.] 

1. An aflfembly or fociety of men, uniting 
for the promotion of fome art, Shakcfp. 

2. The place where I'tiences are taught, 

^ Dryd. 

z 3. An 

A C C 

3. An univerf;ty. 

4. A place of education, in contradiftiniflion 
to the univerfilies or publick Ichools. 

^C^'NTBUS. /. ILat.j The herb bears- 
foot. Milisn. 

ACATALE'CTIC. /. [axaraXnHTiX©^, Gr ] 
A verfe which has the cumpieac number of 

To ACCE'DE. "v. n. [accede, Lat.] To be 
added to, to corr.e to. 

To ACCELERATE. iu a. [cccekro, Lat.] 
I. To make quick, to haften, to quicken 
motion. Bacan, 

ACCELERATION. /. \accelcrauo. Lit,] 

1. The a£l of quickening motion. 

2. The ftate of the bod v accelerated. Hale. 
To ACCE'ND. %•. a. [accendo, Lat.] To 

kindle, to fet on fire. Decay, 

ACCE'NSION. /. [^acccr.fio, Lat.] The act 

of kindling, or the ftate of being kindled. 


ACCENT. /. laccentui, Lat.] 

J. The manner of fpeaking or pronoun- 
cing. Sbakejp, 

2. The marks made upon fyllables to re- 
gulate their pronuntiation. Holder. 

3. A modification of the voice, expreflive 
of the pillions or fentiments. Prior, 

To ACCE'NT. -v. a, [from accentiis, Lat.] 

1. To pronounce, to fpeak words with 
particular regard to the gransmatical marks 
or rules. Locke, 

2. In poetry, to pronounce or utter in ge- 
neral. Wottoti, 

3. To write or note the accents. 

To ACCE'NTUATE. -v. a, [accctuer, Fr.] 
To place the proper accents over the 

ACCENTUATION. /. [from ac:entuaie.] 
The aft of placing ths accent in pro- 

To ACCETT. 1/. rt. [acclfio, Lat. accepter, 

1. To take with pleafure ; to receive 
kindly. Dryd. 

2. In the language of the bible, to accept 
ferfons, is to a£l with perfonal and partial 
regard. Job. 

ACCEPTABI'LITY./. The quality of being 

acceptable. Taylor, 

ACCETTABLE. a. [ccceptahk, Fr.] 

I. Grateful ; oleafing. 
ACCETTABLENESS. /. [from acccptalk.] 

The quality of being acceptable. Grc^v. 
ACCEPTABLY, ad. [from acceptable.] \a 

an acceotable manner. Taylor, 

ACCE'PTANCE, /. [acceptance, Fr.] 

Reception with approbation, Spenf, 

ACCEl'TA TION. /. [from accept.] 

1. Receptiin, wh:' her good cr bad. 

2. Good reci'pton, acceptance, 

3. The ftue of being acceptable, regard, 

4. Accepunce in the juridical Unis, 

A C C 

5. The meaning of a word. 

An ACCE'PTER. /. [from accept.-^ The 
perl'.n that accepts. 

ACCEPTILA'TION, /. [..cci-ptilatio, Lat.] 
The remiflior of a debt by an acquitance 
from the creditor, teflifying the receipt of 
mi'ii°y which h.'S never been paid. 

ACCL'PTION. [acceptwn, Fr. from acuptio, 
Lat.] The receixed fenfe of a word ^ the 
meaning. Hammond^ 

ACCt'SS. /. [accfju^, Lat. acces, Fr.J 
1. The way by which any thing may be 
appi cached. Hammond. 

z The means, or liberty, of approaching 
either to things or men. MiUon, 

3. Encreafe, enlargement, addition, ^acoff. 

4. The returns or fits of a diftemper. 
A'CCESSARINESS. a. [from accejfary ,1 

Theflate of being atceflary. 
A'CCESSARY a. He that not being the 

chief agent in a crime, contributes to 

i t- Clarendon. 

ACCE'SSIBLE. a, acceffil>i/is,Lzt.'] accejfibk^ 

Fr.] That which may be approached, 
ACCE'SSION./. [acceffw, 1.^1. accejfion, Fr.J 

1. Encreafe by fomething added, enlarge- 
ment, augmentation. 

2. The aft'of coming to, or joining one's 
f«lf to ; as, accejjion to a confederacy. 

3. The aft of arriving at j as, the king's 
acc-£ion to the throne. 

A'CCESSORILY. ad. [from acceJory.'\ In 

the raa.aner of an acceflory. 
A'CCESSORY. a, J.)in£d to another thing, 

fo as to increafe it ; additional. 
A'CCESSORY./. [accej/'orious, Lat. accejoire^ 


1. A man that is guilty of a felonious of- 
fence, not principally, but by participation. 

2. That which does accede unto fome 
principal fa£l or thing in law, 

A'CCIDENCE. /. [a corruption of accidents, 

from accidentia, Lat. j The little book con- 

■ tain ng the firft rudiments of grammar^ 

and explaining the propertiei of the eight 

parts of fpeech, 

A'CCIDENT. /. [accident, Lat.] 

J. The property or quality of any being, 
which may be feparated from it, at leaft 
in thought, Davies, 

2, In grammar, the property of a word. 


3, That which happens un.*'orefeen ; ca- 
fualty, chance. Hooker, 

ACCIDE'NTAL. /. [accidental, Fr,] A 

property noneflential, 
ACCIDE'NTAL, a. [from accident.] 

1, Having the quality of an accident, 

2. Cafual, fortuitous, happening by chance, 
ACCIDE'NTALLY, ad [from accidental,} 

1. Noneil'entialiy, 

2. Cafualiy, foKuitouHy. 


A C C 

ACCIDE'NTALNESS. /. [from accidental.] 
The quality of being accidental. 

ACCl'PIENT. /. [accipiem, Lat.] A re- 

To ACCI'TE. V. a. [accico, Lat.] To call, 
to fummons. Hhakefp. 

ACCLA'IM. /. [accla7n!>, Lat.] A ihout of 
praife ; acclamation, 

ACCLAMA'TION. /. [acdamatio, Lat.] 
Shouts of applaufe. 

ACCLl'VITY. /. [from acli'vus, Lat.] The 
fteepnefs or flope of a line inclining to the 
horizon, reckoned upwards 5 as, thc.'fcent 
of an hill is the acdi-vity, the deftent is 
the declivity. - R^y- 

ACCLl'VOUS. a. [accli-vus, Lat.] Rifing 
with a Hope. 

To ACCLCY. -v. a. [See Ci.ov.] 

J. To fill up, in an ill fenfe 5 to croud ; 
toftufffull. Fairy i^^ 

2. To fill to fatiety. Ray. 

To ACCO'lL. i\ n. [See Co 11..] To croud, 
to keep a coil about, to buftJe, to be in a 
hurry. F^'^y % 

A'CCOLENT. r. [accokns^l.Wi.'] Abordtrtr. 

ACCO'MMODABLE. a. [^aommoJul>i7is, 
Lat.] That which may be fitted. ff'^atrs. 

To ACCCMMODATE. -v. a> [acccmmcdo, 

To fupply with convcniencies of any 
kind. Shakejp. 

ACCO'MMODATE. a. \^accommodutui,Lii.] 
Suit.ible, fit. 

ACCO'MMODATELY. ad. [from accom- 
modare.] Suitably, fitly. 

ACCOMMODA'TiON. /. [fiom accommo- 

1. Provifion of conveniencies. 

2. In the plural, ci nveniencieb', things re- 
quifite to eafe or rchelhmeni.. Clanrd, 

3. Adaptation, fitnsls. Hal.\ 

4. Compofuion of a difference, reconcili- 
ation, adjiirtment. 

ACCO'MPANABLE. a. [frcm aciompany.] 

ACCO'MPANIER. [from accup^p.iry.] The 

perfon that makes part of the company j 

To ACCO'MPAN Y. v. a. [accompagner, Fr.] 

1. To be with nnother as a companion. 

2. To join with. Siuift. 
ACCO'MPLICE. /. {cQiiii-lice, Fr. from com- 
plex. La t . ] 

1. An affociate, a partaker, ufually in an 
ill fenfe. "^w///. 

2. A partner, or co-operator. j^ddifon. 
To ACCOMPLISH. '.'. a. \_accomplir, Fr. 

from complio, Lat.] 

1. To complete, to execute fully; as, to 
accompiip a defign. _ Ezfkiel, 

2. To complete a period of time. Dan. 

3. To fulfil ; as, a prophecy. Jddifov. 

4. To giin,to obtain. Shakejp. 

A C C 

5. To adorn, or furnifh, either mind ot 

body. Shake'p, 


I. Complete in fome qualification. Locke. 

Z. Elegant, finifhed in refpeft of embel- 

h/hments. Milt. 

ACCO'MPLISHER. /. [from accomplljh.] 

The perfon that accomplifhes. 
ACCO'MPLISHMENT. /. [auomp'iJfmeTit , 


1. Completion, full performance, per- 

2. Completion ; as, of a prophecy. Atter. 

3. Embellifhment, elegance, ornament of 
mind or body. . Addifon. 

4. The aft of obtaining any thing. South, 
ACCO'MPT. /. [compte, Fr.] An account, 

a reckoning. Hooker. 

ACCO'MPTANT. /. {accoviptant, Fr.J A 
reckoner, computer. 

To ACCORD. V. a. [derived, by fome, 
from chorda the firing of a mufical inftru- 
ment, by others, from cord^ hearts.] 
To make agree ; to adjult one thing t» 
another. Pope. 

To ACCO'RD. -v. n. To agree, to fuit one 
with another. Til'ot, 

ACCO'RD. /. [accord, Fr.] 

I. A compadt J an agreement. Dryd. 

i. Concurrence, union of mind. Spenfer. 
3. Harmony, fymmetry. Dryden, 

3. Mufical note. Bacon. 

5. Volunt;r/ motion. Spenfer... 
ACCO'RDANCE. /. (from accord.'] 

1. Agreement with a perfon. Fairfax. 

2. Conformity to fomeching. Hamirhond. 
ACCO'RDANT. a. [accordant, Fr.] Will- 
ing; in a good humour. Shakefp, 

ACCO'RDING. p. [from accord."] 

1. In a manner fuitable to, agreeably to. 

2. In proportion. Hooker, 

3. With regard to. Holder. 
ACCO'RDINGLY. ad. [from accord.] A- 

greeably, fuuably, conformably. Shakefp, 
To ACCOS'T "v. a. [auofter, Fr.] To fpeak 

to firft ; to addrefs ; to fajute. Milt. 

ACCO'STABLE. a. [from accojL] Eafy of 

accefs ; familiar. TJ'^otton. 

ACCO'UNT. /. [from the old French ac- 


I. A computation of debts or expences. 


3. The Aate or refult of a computation. 

3. Value or eftimation. zM.ic, 

4. Diitindtion, dignity, rank. Pope, 

5. Regard, confidcration, fake. LockCt 

6. A narrative, relation. 

7. Examination of an affair taken by au- 
thotity. Matt, 

8. The relation and reafons of a tranfaftion 
given to a perfon in authority. Shakefp. 

9. Explanation ; aflignment of caufes. Loc^?. 
30. An opinion concerning things previ- 
ouHy eflabiiihed. jiaco». 

A C C 

a. The reafoiK of any thing collefted. 


12. [In law] A writ or aftion brought 

againft a man. CoivelL 


Xi To cfteem, to think, to hold in opinion. 


2. To reckon, to compute. Holder. 

3. To give an account, to aflign the caufes. 


4. To make up the reckoning ; to anfwer 
for praftices. Dryden, 

5. To aflign to. Clarendon. 

6. To hold in efteem. Chrcn, 
ACCO'UNTABLE. a. [from account,] Of 

whom an account may be required ; who 
muft anfwer for. Oldham. 

ACCOU'NTANT. a. [from account.] Ac- 
countable to ; refponfible for. Shakefp, 

ACCOU'NTANT. /. [See Accompt- 
ANT. J A computer; a man /killed or 
employed in accounts. Brown, 

ACCOUNT-BOOK. /. A book contain- 
ing accounts. Sivift. 

To ACCO'UPLE. v. a, {accoufiler, Fr.] To 
join, to link together. Bacon. 

To ACCO'URT. V. a. To entertain with 
courtfliip, or courtefy. Fairy Sheen, 

To ACCOUTRE. V. a. [accoiltrer, Fr J To 

■ drefs, to equip, Dryden, 

ACCO'UTREMENT. /. [accoutrement, Fr.] 
Drefs, equipage, trappings, ornaments, Sha, 

ACCRETION. /. [acretio, Lat.] The adl 

of growing to another, fo as to cncreafe it. 


ACCRE'TIVE. a. [from acretion.] Grow- 
ing ; that which by growth is added. 


To ACCRO'ACH. -v. a. [accrocber, Fr. J 
To draw to one as with a hook. 

To ACCRU'E. -K. n. [from the participle 
accrii, Fr.] 

J. To accede to, to be added to. Hooker, 
Z, To be added, as an advantage or im- 
provement. South, 
3. In a commercial fenfe, to be produced, 
or arife ; as, proiits. ^ddijon, 

ACCUBA'TION. /. [from accube, to lye 
down to, Lat.] The antient poflure of 

• leaning at meals. Broivn. 

To ACCU'MB. T/. a. [aceumbo, Lat.] To 
lie at the table, according to the antient 
manner, Di€i. 

To ACCUMULATE, v. a. [from accumuk, 
Lat.] To pile up, to heap together, ^ba. 

ACCUMULA'TION. /. [frcm accumulate.] 
I. The adl of accumulating. 
2.. The flateof be:ng accumulated, Arhuth, 

ACCU'MULATIVE. a. [from accumulate.] 

I. That which accumulates. 

a. That which is accumulated. Co. o/"'To>», 

ACCUMULATOR. /. [from accumulate.] 

He that accumulates 3 a gatherer or heaper 


together. Decay of Piety, 

A'CCURACY. /. [accuratio, Lat.] Exaft- 

nefs, nicety. Delany, Arbuth, 

A'CCURATE. a, {accuratus, Lat.] 

1 . Exaft, as oppofed to negligence or ig- 

2. Exaft, without dcfedl or failure. Coljon, 
A'CCURATELY. ad. [from accurate.] Ex- 

adly, without errour, nicely. l^czut, 

A'CCURATENESS./. [ixom accurate] E.x- 
aftnefs, nicety. Newt, 

To ACCU'RSE. -v. a, [See CURSE.] To 
doom to mifery. Hooker, 

ACCU'RSED. part. a. 

I. That which is curfed or doomed to mi- 
fery. Denham, 
Z. Execrable j hateful ; deteftable. Sha. 

ACCU'SABLE. a. [from the verb accufe.J 
That which may be cenfured j blameable ; 
culpable. Brown, 

ACCUSATION. /. [from accufe.] 

1. The aft of accufing. Milton. 

2, The charge brought againft any one. 


ACCU'SATIVE. a. [accufati-vus^ Lat.] A 

term of grammar, figmfying the relation 

of the noun, on which the acliotn implied 

in the verb terminates. 

ACCU'SATORY. a. [from atcufe.] That 

which produceth or containeth an accufa- 

tion. ^yliffe. 

To ACCU'SE, v. a. [accufg, Lat.] 

1. To charge with a crime, Drydctt, 

2. To blame or cenfure, Romans, 
ACCUSER./, [from accufe.] He that brings 

a charge againll another. Ayliffe, 

To ACCU'STOM. w. a. {atcoutumer, Fr.J 

To habituate, to enure. Milton, 

ACCU'STOM ABLE. a. [ from accuflom. J 

Of long cuflom or habit. Hale, 

ACCU'-STOMABLY. ad. According to cuf- 

tom. Bacon, 

ACCU'STOMANCE. /. {accoutumance, Fr.] 

Cuftom, habit, ufe. Boyle, 

ACCU'STOMARILY. ad. In a cuftomary 

ACCU'STOMARY. a, [ from auujlom. ] 

Ulual, praftifed. 
ACCU'STOMED. {from accuflom.] Accord- 
ing to culiom; frequent} ulual. Sha. 
ACE. / [ai, Lat.] Arhuthnot, 

1. An unit j a fingle point on cards ot 
dice. South, 

2. A fmall quantity. Ge. of the Tovgue, 
ACE'PHALOUS. a. [a«s<}>aX©-, Gr.] With- 
out a head. A<5?. 

ACE'BRITY. /. \acerhitai, Lat.] 

1. A rough fovver tafte, 

2, Applied to men, Iharpnefs of temper, 


To ACER V ATE. v, a, [accrvo, Lat,] To 

heap up. Di^, 


A C O 

AC Q_ 

ACERVA'TION. /. [from acervate.J Heap- 
ing toi^etheri 
ACE'SCENT. a. {acefaw, Latin.] That 
which has a tendency to fournefs or acidity. 
AGE'TOSE. a. That which has in it acids. 


ACETO'SITY. /. [from acctofe.} The ftatc 

of being acctofe. DiB. 

ACE'TOUS. a. [from acctuw, vinegar, Lat.] 

Sour. Boyle. 

ACKE. /. [ace, Saxon j a'x©', Greek.] A 

continued pain. Shakejp, 

To ACHE. -v. n, [See Ache. J To be in 

pain. Glavi), 

ToACHrEVE. 'u. a. [ache-ver, Fr.] 

1. To perform, to fini/h. Dryien. 

%, To gain, to obtain. Milton, 

An ACm'EVER. /. He that performs what 

he endeavours. ^kakefp. 

An ACHI'EVEMENT, / [achevenunt , Fr.] 

I. The performance of an action, fa. S^. 

1. The efcutcheon, or eufigns armorial. 


A'CHOR. /. [ acbor, Lat. a'x'''^ Gr. j A 

fpecies of the herpes. 

A'CID. a. [aculus, Lat. aciJe, Fr.] Sour, 

(harp. Bacen, Sluimy. 

^Ci'DITY. /. [ fjom acid. J Sharpnefs ; 

fournefs. Arbuth. Ray. 

A'CIDNESS. /. [from acid.'] The quahty 

of being acid, 

ACI'DUL^. f. [that is, a^ua acidula.'] 

Medicinal fprings impregnated with fharp 

particles, as all the nitrous, chalybeate, 

and alum fprings are. i^^uincy. 

To ACI'DULATE. -v. a. To tinge with 

acids in a flight degree. Arbutbnot, 


1. To own the knowledge of ; to own any 
thing or perfon in a particular character. 


2. To confefs ; as, a fault. Ffjlm, 

3. To own j as, a benefit. Millon, 
AeKNO'WLEDGlNG. a. [from acltnotv- 

ledge.'] Grateful. Drydtn. 

ACKNO'WLEDGMENT./. [from acknow- 
ledge ] 

1. CoiicefTion of any character in another. 


2. Concefiion of the truth of any pofition. 

' 3. ConfefTion of a fault. 

4. Confeflion of a benefit received. 

5. A£1 of atteftation to any conceiEon ; 
I'uch as homage. Spenfer, 

A'CME. j. [a«;x^, Gr.] The height of any 
thing ; more efpecially ufed to denote the 
heiaht of a dillemper. S^ircy. 

ACO'LOTHIST. /. [c«oXj.>3^£:,;, Gr.J One 
of the Ijwcit order in the Romiih church. 

A'CONITE. /. [aconitum, Lat.j The h:rb 

wolfs-bane. In poetical language, polfon 
in general. - Dryden. 

A'CORN. /. [.^cepn, Sar, from ac, an 
oak, and cojan, corn.] The feed or fruit 
born by the oak, Dryden, 

ACO UST1CK.S. /. ['AJt»f (!<a, of aK»a),Gr.] 
I. The do£lrine or theory of founds. 
a. Medicines to help the hearing. Suiticy, 

To ACQUA'INT. -v. a. [accoinur, Fr.] 

1. To make familiar with. Da-vies, 

2. To inform. Shakefp, 
ACQUA'INT ANCE. /. [accointance, Fr.] 

1. The fiate of being acquainted with ; 
familiarity, knowledge, Dryd, A'Uib, 

2. Familiar knowledge. South, 

3. A flight or initial knowledge, ihort of 
friendfhip. Swift, 
4.. The perfon with whom we are ac- 
quainted, without the intimacy of friend- 
fllip. Fairy ^een^ 

ACQUA'INTED. Familiar, well known. 


ACQU'EST. /. [ac^uejl, Fr.] Acquifuion ; 
the thing gained. IVoodward, 

To ACQUIESCE, v. n. [acquiefcer, Fr. ac- 
^uiejcfre, Lat.] To reft in, or remain fa- 
tisfied. South., 

ACQUIE'SCENCE. /. [from acquiefce.] 

1. A filent appearance of content. Cl^rend^ 

2. Satisfaftion, refl, content. Addiforr, 

3. Suhmiffion, South, 
ACQUrRABLE. a. [from acquire.] Attain- 
able. '■ Bentley, 

To ACQyi'RE. v. a. [acquerir, Fr. acquire, 
Lat.] To gain by one's labour or power. 

ACQU'IRED. particifi. a, [from acquire.] 
Gained by one's felf. * Locke. 

An ACQyi'RER. /. [from acquire.] The 
perfon that acquires; a gainer. 

An ACQUl'REMENT. /. [from acqui,e.] 
That which is acquired j gain ; attain- 
ment. Hayward, 

ACQUISITION. /. [acjuifitio, Lat.J 

I. The acft of acquiring. South, 

%, The thing gained ; acquirement. Denb. 

ACQUISITIVE, a. [cc^^uifuivu!, Lat.] 
That which is acquired. IVction, 

ACQU'IST. /. [See Ac<i.UEST.] Acquire- 
ment ; attainment. Milton, 

To ACQyi'T. 11. a. [acquiter, Fr.] 

1. To fet free. Spenfer, 

2. To clear from a charge of guilt ; to 
abfolve. Dryden, 

3. To clear from any obligation. Dryden, 

4. The hath acquitted himfelf well j 
he difcharged his duty. 

ACf^yiTMENT. /. [from acquit,] The 
Hate of being acquitted ; or adt of acquit- 
ting. South, 

ACQUI'TTAL, /. Is a deliverance from an 
offence, Coiuclt, 



To ACQJJI'TTANCE. v. n. To procure 
an acquittance ; to acquit. Sbakefp. 

ACQUl'TTANCE. /. [from acquU.] 

1, The aft of difcharging from a debt. 


2. A writing teftifying the receipt of a 
debt. Sbakefp. 

A'CRE. /. [JEc^t, Sax.] A quantity of 
land containing in length forty perches, 
and four in breadth, or four thoufand eight 
hundred and forty fquare yards. Difl, 

A'CRID. a. [aeer, Lat.] Of a hot biting 
tafte. Arhutbnot. 

ACRIMO'NIOUS. a. Abounding with acri- 
mony ; fharp ; corrofive. Harvey^ 

A'CRIMONY. /. \acrmoma, Lat,] 

1. Sharpnefs, corrofivenefs. Bacon, 

2. Sharpnefs of temper, feverity. South. 
A'CRITUDE. /. [from acrid.] An acrid 

tifte ; a biting heat on the palate. Grew. 

ACROAMA'TICAL, a. [d^, Gr.J 
Of or pertaining to deep learning. 

ACRO'NYCAL. a. [from ax;-©-, fummus, 
and vy;, nox ; importing the beginning of 
night.] A term applied to the ftars, of 
which the rifing and fetting is called acro- 
fiycal, when they either appear above or 
fink below the horizon at fun-fet. 

ACRO'NYCALLY. ad. [from acrofiycai] 
At the acronycal time. Dryden. 

ACROSPIRE. /, [from axf'i^ and a-mX^a, 
Gr.] A flioot or fprout from the end of 
feeds, Mortimer. 

A'CROSPIRED, fart. a. Having fprouts. 

ACRO'SS. ad. Athwart, laid over forae- 
thing fo as to crofs it. Bacon, 

An ACRO'STICK. /. [from az^^ and 
r'X®'i Gr.] A poem in which the firft 
letter of every line being taken, makes up 
the name of the perfon or thing on which 
the poem is written. 

^'CROTERS, or ACROTERIA. f. [In ar- 
chiteflture ; from ox^ov, Gr.] Little pe- 
deftals without bafes, placed at the middle 
and the two extremes of pediments. 

To ACT. V. n. [ago, aBum, Lit.] 

I. To be in action, not to reft. IPope. 
Z, To perform the proper funflions. South, 

3. To praftife the arts or duties of lite; 
to condu£l one's, felf, Dryden. 

To ACT. -z/. a, 

I. To bear a borrowed charafler, as, a 
ftage- player. Pope. 

z. To counterfeit ; to feign by a£>ion. 

3- To produce effe£ts in fome paflive fub- 
je£t. Arbiithnot. 

4. To ailuate ; to put in motion j to re- • 
gulate the movements. South. 

ACT. /. [aBum, Lar.] 

I. Something done j a deed ; an erploir, 
whether ggod or ill. Sbakefp. 


2. Agency 3 the powar of producing an 
efteft. Shakejp. 

3. Action J the performance of exploits. 


4. The doing of fome particular thing j 
a flep taken j a meafare executed. Shak, 

5. A ftate of action. Hooker, 

6. A pait of a play, during which the 
adlion proceeds without interruption. Rof, 

7. A decree of a court of juftice. Sbak. 
A'CTION. /. laBion, Fr, aBio, Lat.] 

1. The quality or ftate of adling, oppofite 
to reft. Sbakefp, 

2. An a£t or thing done 5 a deed. Sbak. 

3. Agency, operation, Benttey, 

4. The feiies of events reprefented in a 
tdble. ylddifon. 

5. Gefticulation ; the accordance of the 
motions of the body with the words 
fpoken. Addifon. 

6. Adion perfonal belongs to a man againft 
another. Adion real is given to any man 
againft another, that poffeffes the thing 
required or fued for in his own name, and 
no other man's. Adion mixt is that which 
lies as well againft or for the thing which 
we feek, as againft the perfon that hash 
it, * Co-zveii, 

7. In France, the fame as flocks in Eng- 

A'CTIONABLE. a. [from aBion.] That 

which admits an adion in law ; punifhable. 


A'CTION -TAKING, a. Litigious. Shak. 

A'CTIVE. a. [aBtvus, Lat.] 

1. That which has the power or qualify 
of ading. Nezuton, 

2. That which ads, oppofed to pajjive., 

3. Bufy, engaged in adion j oppofed to 
idle or fedentary. Denbam, 

4. Pradical } not merely theoretical. 

^. Nimble ; agile ; quick. Dryden, 

6, In grammar, a verb aBive is that 
which fignifies adion, as, / teach. 


A'CTIVELY, ad. [from aBive,] Bufily ; 

A'CTIVENESS. /. [from aBi-ve.] Quick- 
nefs ; nimblenelj, fVilkins. 

ACTI'VITV, /. [iiom aBive,] The quality 
of being adive. Bacon. 

A'CTOR. /. [aBor, Lat.] 

I. He that ads, or performs any th'ng. 

a. Hethit perfonatesacharader } a Uage- 
plaver. Ben, Johnjon. 

A'CTRESS. /, {aBrice, Fr.] 

1, She that performs any thine. Addifon. 

2. A woman that plays oa the ftjge, D-ydi, 
A'CTUAL. a, {aBuel, Fr.] 

I, That which cpmprifes adio.^, Shsf. 
C z a. Rc^;i/ 


«. Really in aft ; not merely potential. 

3. In aft ; not purely in fpeculation. Dryd. 

ACTUA'LiTY. /. [from atlual.'\ The ftate 
of being aftual. Cheyne, 

A'CTUALLY. ad. [from aSlual.'] In aft ; 
in effeft ; really. South. 

A'CTUALNESS. /. [from aHual.] The 
quality of being aftual. 

ACTUARY. /. [aauarlus, Lat.] The re- 
gifter who compiles the minutes of the 
proceedings of the court. Ayliffe. 

To ACTUATE, -v. a, [from ago, aEium, 
Lat.] To put into aftion. Addifon. 

A'CTUATE. a. [from the verb.] Put into 
aftion ; brought into efteft. South, 

ACTUO'SE. a. [from ad.] That which 
hath ftrong powers. D:^. 

To A'CUATE. 1!. a. [acuo, Lac] To 

ACULEATE, a. [acuhatui, Lat.] Prick- 
ly ; that which terminates in a /harp 

ACU'MEN. /. [Lat.] A fharp point ; figu- 
ratively, quici<nefs of intellefts. Po^ie. 

AGU'MINATED. particip. a. Ending in a 
point ; fharp-pointed. JVijeman, 

ACUTE, a. [acutui, Lat.] 

1. Sharp, oppofed to blur.t. Locke. 

2. Ingenious, oppofed tojitipld. Locke, 

3. Vigorous; powerful in opecation. Locke. 

4. Acute difeafe. Any difeafe, which is 
attended with an increal'ed velocity of 
blood, and terminates in a few days. S^inc, 

5. Acute accent ; that which raifes or 
fiwrpens the voice. 

ACU'TELY. ad. [from acute.] After an 
acute manner ; iharply, Locke, 

ACUTENESS. /. [from acute.} 
I. Sharpnefs. 
2,. Force of intellefts, Locke, 

3. Violence and fpecdy crifis of a malady. 


4, Sharpnefs of found. B^^yle. 
AVA'CTED. part. a. [a^jffw,Lat.] Driven 

by force. Diii. 

A'DAGE. /. [adagium, Lat.] A maxim 5 

a proverb, Glnr.'uiile. 

ADA'GIO. /. [Italian.] A term ufed by 

muficians, to m.^ik j flow time, 
ADAMANT. /. [^adamai, Lat.] 

I. A ilone of impenetrable huidnefs. 5ha. 

a. The diamond. Ray. 

5. The loadftone. Bacon, 

ADAMANTE'AN. a. [from adamant.] 

Hird as adamant. Mtlton. 

ADAMANTINE, a. [adawantims, Lat.] 

1. iVIade of adamant. Drydtn, 

a. Having the qualities cf adamant ; as, 

hirdnefs, indilfolubility. Davics. 

ADAM'S- APPLE. /. [in anatomy.] A 

prominent part of the throat. 
To ADA'PT. -v. a, {cidapto, Lat,] To fit 3 


to fuit ; to proportion. Swift* 

ADAPTATION. /. [from adapt.] The 

aft of fitting one thing to another } the 

fitnefs of one thing to another. Boyle. 

ADAPTION. /. [from adapt,] The aft of 

fitting. Cheyne, 

To ADD. 1/. a, [addo, Lat.] 

1. To join fomething to that which was 
before. Dryden. 

2. To perform the mental operation of 
adding one Humber or conception to an- 
other. Locke, 

To ADDE'CIMATE. v, a. [addecimo, Lat. j 

To take or afcertain tithes. DiB, 

To ADDEEM. -v. a. [from deem.] To 

efteem j to account, Daniel, 

A'DDER. /. [JE-cTeji, Sax. poifon.] A 

ferpent, a viper, a poifonous reptile, Taylor, 
A'DDER'S-GRASS. /. A plant. 
A'DDER'S-TONGUE. /. An herb. Millar, 
A'DDER' S WORT. /. An herb. 
A'DDIBLE. a, [from add.] Poffible to be 

added. Locke. 

ADDIBI'LITY. /. [from addible.] The pof- 

fibility of being added, Locke, 

A'DDICE. /, [corruptly ada, a'©ej-e. Sax.] 

A kind of aic. Moxon. 

To ADDICT. V. a. [addico, Lat.] 

1. To devote, to dedicate. Cor, 

2. It is commonly taken in a bad fenfe ; 
as, he addi6ied bimjclf to "vice, 

A'DDICTEDNESS,/. [irom addiacd.] The 
flate of being addifted. Boyle. 

ADDI'CTION. /. {addiBio, Lat.] 

1. The aft of devoting. 

2. The ftate of being devoted. Shakefp, 
An A'DDITAMENT. /. Addition 5 thing 

added. Hale, 

ADDI'TION. /. [from add,] 

1. The aft of adding one thing to another. 


2. Adiitament, or the thing added. Uam, 

3. In arithmetick. Addition is the re- 
el uftion of two or more numbers of like 
kind, together into one fum or total. C-^ck. 

4. In law. A title given to a man over 
and above his chriftian name and furname, 

CoiueU, Shakefp, darend. 

ADDI'ftONAL, a. [from addition.] That 
which is added. Addifon, 

A'DDITORY. a. [from add.] That which the power of adding. Arbutknot, 

A'DDLE. a. [from a'oel, a difeafe, Sax. J 
Originally applied to eggs, and fignifying 
fuchas produce nothing j thence transferred 
to brains that produce nothing. Button, 

To ADDLE. V. a. [from addle.] To make 
addle ; to make barren. Broivn. 

A'DDLE-PATED. a. Having barren brains. 


To .A.DDRE'SS. -v. a. [addrclfer, Fr.] 

I. To prepare one's kit to enter upon any 

aftion. Shakefp. 

a. T» 



S. To get ready. 
3, To apply to another by words, 
ADDRE'SS. /. [aJdreJe, Fr.] 

1. Verbal application to any one. Prior. 

2. Court/hip, AJdiJoKt 

3. Manner of addrefling another j a man 
cf a f leafing address. 

4. Skill, dexterity. Sivift. 

5. Manner of dire£ling a letter. 
ADDRE'SSER. /. [from a<fJr«/i.] The per- 

fon that addreires. 
ADDU'CENT. a. [adducens, Lat.] A word 

applied to thofe mufcles that draw together 

the parts of the body. ^incy. 

To ADDU'LCE. v. a. [addoucir, Fi, dulas, 

Lat.] To fweeten. 
ADDENO'GRAPHY. [ from «Jotov and 

y^aifia), Gr.] A treatife of the glands. 
ADE'MPTION. [ademftum, Lat.] Privation, 
ADE'PT. /. [adeftus, Lat.] He that is 

completely /killed in all the fecrets of his 

art. Pof>e. 

ADE'Pr. a. Skilful ; throughly verred.ficy/V. 
A'DEQUATE. a. [adejuatus, Lat.J Equal 

to ; proportionate. South. 

A'DEC^JATELY. ad. [from adequate.] 

In an adequate manner j with exadnefs of 

proportion. South. 

A'DEQUATENESS. /. [from adequate.] 

The rtate of being adequate j exaCtncls of 

To ADHE'RE. v. n, \adbareo, Lat.] 

I. To flick to. 

a. To be conllftentj to hold together. 

3, To remain firmly fixed to a party, or 

opinion. Shakefp, Boyle, 

ADHE'RENCE. /. [from adhcre:\ 

1. The quality of adhering, tenacity. 

2. Fixednefs of mind ; attachment j ftea- 
dinels. Sivift. 

ADHE'RENCy. /. [The fame with adbe. 
rence,'\ Decay of Piety. 

ADHE'RENT. a. [fiom adhere.} 

I. Sticking to. Pope. 

1, United with. Wattt, 

ADHE'RENT. /. [from adheie.} A fol- 
lower ; a partifan. R.ild'^h. 
ADHE'RER. /. [from adhere.} He that ad- 
heres. Siivifc, 
ADHE'SION. /. ladhafio, Lar.J 

The adt or ftate of kicking to fome- 

thing. Boyle. 

ADHE'SIVE. a. [from adhfm.} Sticking 5 

tenacious. ThomjOTi. 

To ADHi'BIT. %'. a. [adhibeo, Lat, j Toap- 

ply ; to make ufe of. 
ADHIBl'TION. /. [from adhibit.} Appli- 
cation j ufe. Dm. 
ADJA'CENCY. /. [itom adjaceo, Lat. 
I . The (late of lying clofe to another thing. 
i. That which is adjacent. B'oivf;. 
ADJACENT, a. [adjacens^ Lat.] Lving 

clofe ; bordering upon fomething, S^cini 

ADJA'CENT, /. That which lies next ano- 
t*^^''- Locke. 

ADIA'PHOROUS. c. [ aJ,a<fog(^, Gr. j 
Neutral. Boyle, 

ADIA'PHORY. /, [aJwtoj.'a, Gr.J Neu- 
trality ; indifference. 

To ADJE'CT. -v. a, [adjido, adjefluK, 
Lat.] To add to j to put to. 

ADJE'CTION. /.[adjeato, Lat.] 

1. The a£t of adjedting, or adding. 

2. The thing adjefted, or added. Brotan^ 
ADJECTI'TIOUS. a. [from adje£iion.} Ad- 
ded ; thrown in. 

ADJECTIVE, /. [adjeai'vum, Lat.] A 
word added to a noun, to lignify the ad- 
dition or feparation of fome quality, cir- 
cumftance, or manner of being j as, good, 
bad. Clarke. 

A'DJECTIVELY. ad-v. [from adjtSliw.J 
After the manner of an adjeflive. 

ADIEU', ad. [from a Dicu.] Farewel. Prior. 

To ADJO'IN. 1/. <7, {adjo.ndre, Yt. adjunga^ 

hn.} To join to } to unite to ; to put to, 


To ADJOI'N, V. n. To be contiguoui to. 


To ADJO'URN. V. a. [jdjourrer, Fr.] 
To put oft' to another day, naming the 
time. Bacon. 

ADJOURNMENT. /. [adjourmier.t, Fr. J 
A putting off till anotherday. UEJlrange. 

A'DIPOUS, a. [adipofu!, Lat.] Fat, Dia. 

A'DIT. /. [aditus, Lat.] A paffage under 
ground, Ray. 

ADi'TION, /. [aditum, Lat.] The aft of 
going to another, 

TO ADJUDGE, v. o. [adjudico, Lat.] 

1. To give the thing controverted to one 
of the parties, Locke. 

2. Tofentence to a punifliment. Shakefp, 

3. Simply" to judge; to decree. Knollti. 
ADJUDICA'TION. /. [adjudicatio, Lat.] 

The adl of grantine fometliing to a litigant. 
To ADJUDICATE. [adjudic», Lat.] To 

To A'DJUGATE. -v. a. [adjugo, Lat.] To 

yoke to. 
A'DJUMENT, /. [adjumntum, Lat.] Help. 
A'DJUNCT./. [adjura.m, Lat.] 

Something adherent or united to another. 
AD'JUNCT.a. Immediately confequent. Sb, 
ADJU'NCTION, /, [adjunaio, Lat.] 

1. The act of adjoining, 

2. The thing joined, 
ADJUNCTIVE. /. [adjur.aivus, Lat.] 

1. He that joins. 

2. That which is joined. 
ADJURA'TION, /, [^ajwatio, Lat.} 

1. The art ot propofing an oath to another, 

2- The form of oath propofed to another, 




To ADJU'RE. V. a. [adjuro, Lat.] To Im- 
pofe an oath upon another, prefcribing 
the form. Milion. 

To ADJU'ST. V. a. [adjujler, Fr.J 

1. To regulate ; to put in order. Swift. 
Jt. To make accurate. Locke. 

3. To make conformable. Mdifon, 

ADJU'STMENT. /. [adjuftement , Fr.] 
1. Reguiation j the ad of putting in me- 
thod. Woodward, 
%. Theftate of being put in mtt\\oi,Watts. 

A'JUTANT. /. A petty officer, whofeduty 
is to affift the major, by diftnbuting pay, 
and overfeeing punifhment. 

To ADJUTE. f- a- [adjuvo, ajutum, Lat.] 
To help ; to concur. Johnfor.. 

ADJU'TOR. /. {adjutor, Lat.] A helper. 

ADJU'TORY. a. That which helps. 

A'DJUVaNT. a. [adjuvant, Lat,] Helpful j 

To A'DJUVATE. -v. a, [adjuvo, Lat.] To 
help ; to further. 

sure,] Theadl or practice of meafuring 
according to rule. Bacon, 

ADMENSURATION. /• [ad and mtnjura. 
Lit,] The adl of meafuring to each his 

ADMI'NICLE./. [admmculum,Ut.'\ Help; 

ADMINI'CULAR. a. [from adimnicuhm, 
Lat.] That which gives help. 

ToADMl'NISTER. v. a. [adminijlro. Lit. 1 

1. To give; to afford j to fjpply. Philips. 

2. To ad as the minifter or agent in any 
employment or office. Pofe, 

3. To adminifter juftice. 

4. To adminifter the facramenta. Hooker. 
c. To adminifter an oath. Shakefp, 

6. To adminifter phyfick. 

7. To contribute ; to bring fupplies. 

8. To perform the office of an adminiltra- 

TO ADMINISTRATE, v. a. [admini/lro, 
Lat.] To give as phyfick. fVoodiuard. 

ADMINISTRATION. /. [admimjiratio, 

J. The a£l of adminiftering or conducing 
any employment. Shakrjp. 

z. The adtive or executive part of govern- 
ment. S-ivtfe. 

3, Thofe to whom the care of publick af- 
fairs is committed. 

4. Diftribution J exhibi-tion 5 dlfpenfation. 

ADMI'NISTRATIVE. a. [from admitii- 

flrate.] That which adminifters. 
ADMINISTRA'TOR. /. [ admniftrator , 
Lat. J 

I. He that has the goods of a man dying 
jnttflate, committed to his charge, and 
is accountable fur the fame. 

CoweH, Bacon. 


». He that officiates in divine rites. 

3. He that condufls the government. 

ADMINISTRATRIX. /. [Lat.] She'who 

adminiflers in confequence of a will. 

niJirator.'\ The office of adminiftrator. 
A'DMIRABLE. a. [admirabilis, Lat.] To 

be admired j of power to excite wonder. 


A'DMIRABLENESS. /. [from admiraile,] 

The quality of being admirable. 
ADMIRABl'LITY. /. [admirabilis, Lat.] 

The quality or ftate of being admirable. 
A'DMIRABLY. ad. [from admirable.] In 

an admirable manner. Addijon, 

A'DMIRAL. /. [amiral, Fr.] 

1. An officer or magiftrate that has the 
government of the king's navy. C'.iuell, 

2. Thechiefcommanderofafleet. Knollet, 

3. The Oiip which carries the admiral* 


A'DMIRALSHIP. /. [from admiral.] The 
office ef admiral. 

A'DMIRALTY. /. [ammirahe, Fr.] The 
power, or officers, appointed for the ad- 
miniflration of naval affairs. 

ADMIRATION./, [admiratio, Lat.] Won- 
der ; the a£t of admiring or wondering. 

To ADMI'RE. -v. a. [admirer j Lat.] 

1. To regard with wonder. 

2. To regard with love. 

To ADMI'RE. V. n. To wonder. 
An ADMl'RER. /. [from admire.] 

1. The perfon that wonders, or regards 
with admiration. 

2. A lover. 

ADMI'RINGLY. ad. [from admire.] With 
admiration. Shakefp. 

ADMl'SSIBLE. a. [admitto, admijfum, Lat.] 
That which may be admitted. Hale, 

ADMI'SSION. /. [admijjio, Lat.] 

1 . The aft or practice of admitting. Bacon, 

2. The ftate of being admitted. Dryden, 

3. Admittance J the power of entermg. 


4. The allowance of an argument. 
To ADMIT. V. a. [admitto, Lat,] 

1. To iuffer to enter. Pope, 

2. To fuller to enter upon an office. 


3. To allow an argument or pofition. 


4. To allow, or grant in general. 
ADMI'TTABLE. a. [from admit.] Which 

mav be admitted. Ayliffe. 

ADMITTANCE./. [Utixn admit.] 

1. The a(5l of admitting ; permilfion to 


2. The power or right of entering 

3. Cuftom^ 

4, Con- 


i|. Concefllon of a pofition. Bronvit, 

To ADMI'X. V. a. [admifceo, Lat.] To 

mingle with fomethkig elfe. 
ADMI'XTION. /. [from admix.] The union 

of one body with another. Bi^con, 

ADMI'XTURE. /. [from admix.'\ The body 

mingled with another. fFoodivard. 

To ADMO'NISH. -v. a. [cdmoneo, Lat.] 

To warn of a fault ; to reprove gently. 

Decay of Piety. Dryd. 

ADMO'NISHER. /. [from admomjh.] The 

perfon that puts another in mind of his 

faults or duty. Drydent 

ADMO'NISHMENT. /. [from admonijh.] 

Admonition ; notice of faults or duties. 
ADMONITION. /. [admonifio, Lat.] The 

hint of a fault or duty j counfel ; gentle 

reproof. hooker. 

ADMONI'TIONER. /. [from admonition.'] 

A general ad vifer. A ludicrous term. 
ADMO'NITORY. a. [admonitoriut, Lar.] 

That which admonifhes. Hooker. 

ADMURMURA'TION, ,/. [admurmuro, 

[ Lat.] The adl of murmuring, to another. 
To ADMCVE. V. a. [admoveo, Lat.] To 

bring one thing to another. Brown, 

AD'O. /. [from the verb to do, with a before 

it, as the French.] 

1. Trouble, difficulty. Sidney, 

2. Bufiie j tumult ; bufinefs. Locke, 

3. More tumult and ihew of bufinefs, than 
the affair is worth. UEftrange, 

ADOLE'SCENCE. /. {adolefcentia, Lat. J The 
age fucceeding childhood, and fucceeded 
by puberty. Bentley. 

ADOLE'SCENCy. /. The fame with adok- 
fcence. Brown, 

To ADO'PT. V. a. [adopto, Lat.] 

1. To take a fon by choice ; to make him 
a fon, who was not fo by birth. 

2. T^ place any perfon or thing in a nearer 
relation, to fomething elfe. Locke, 

ADCPTEDLY. ad. [from adopted.} After 
the manner of fomething adopted. Hhakefp. 

ADO'PTER. /. [horn adopt.] He that gives 
fomeone by choice the rights of a fun. 

ADO'PTION. /. [adoftio, Lat.] 

1. The ad of adopting. Shakejp, 

2. The rtate of being adopted. Rogen, 
ADO'PTIVE. a. [adopti-vus, Lat.] 

1. He tliat is adopted by another. Bacon, 

2. He that adopts another. y^yliffe. 
ADO'RABLE. a. {adorable, Fr.] That which 

ought to be adored. Cheyre. 

ADO'RABLENESS. /. [ from adorable.] 
Worthinefs of divine honours. 

ADO'RABLY. ad. [from adorable.] In a 
manner worthy of adoration. 

ADO'RATION. [adoratio, Lat.] 

1. The external homage paid to the Di- 
vinity. Hooker. 
%, Homage paid to perfons in high place Qr 

A D V 

eft«m. Sham, 

ToADO>KS..'v.a.[adoro,UK.] Towor- 
fhip with external homage. Dryden, 

ADO'RER./, [from adore] He that adores j 
a worftiipper. Prior. 

To ADO'RN. V. a. [adorno, Lat.] 

I. To drefs j to deck the perfon with or- 
naments. Cr:olj, 
z. To fet out any place or thing -viik .^e- 
corations. Coivley, 
■?. To embelli/h with oratory. Spfat. 

ADO'RNMENT. /. [from ado:n.] Orna- 
ment ; embelli/hmenf. knUigb, 

ADO'WN. ad. [irom a and dcivn.] Down ; 
on the ground. tauy :^uein, 

ADO'WN. prep. Down towards the ground, 


ADRE'AD, ad. [from a and dread.] in a 
ftate of fear. ^siiney, 

ADRITT. ad. [from a and drift.] Floating 
at random. 

ADROIT, a. [French.] Dextrous j a^ive ; 
/kilful. J,r'vai. 

ADRO'ITNESS. /, [from adroit.] Dexte- 
rity ; readinefs ; aftivity, 

ADRY'. ad. [from a and ^ry.] Athirft ; 
thirfty. Spt^. 

ADSCITI'TIOUS. a, [adfcitiiius, Lat.]Thit 
which is taken in to complete fomething 

ADSTRI'CTION. /. [adftriaio, Lat.] The 
aft of binding together. 

To ADVA'NCE. -v. a. [avancer, Fr.] 
I. To bring forward, in the local fenfe, 

Paradife Loft. 

Z. To raife to preferment J to aggrandize. 


3. To improve. Tillgtjon^ 

4. To heighten j to grace ; to give luftre 
to. South„ 

5. To forward ; to accelerate. Bacon. 

6. Topropofej to offer to the pub ick, 

To ADVA'NCE. v. n. 

1. To come forvvard; Parnel, 

2. To make improvement. Locke. 
ADVA'NCE. /. [from to ad-varce.] 

1. The adl of coming forward. Clarendon, 

2. A tendency to come forward to meet a 
lover. Waijh, 

3. Progreflion ; rife from one point to ano- 
ther. Atterhury, 

4. Improvement j progrefs tcwards per- 
feftjon. Haki 

ADV'A'NCEMENT. /. {avancement, Fr.] 

1. The adt of coming forward. Sivift, 

2. The Hate of being advanced ; prefer- 
ment. Shakefp, 
4. Improvement. Broiun, 

ADVA'NCER. /. [from ad-vance.] A pro- 
moter ; f rwar ier. Bacon. 

ADVA'NTAGE. /. [avantage, Fr,] 

I, Superiority. Sprat. 

a. Supe- 

A D V 

£. Soperiority gained by flratagem. Spinfer, 

3. Opportunity ; convenience. Shakeff, 

4. Favourable circamftances, I'l^aller, 

5. Gain ; profit. Job. 

6. Overplus J fomething more than the 
mere lawful gain. Hhakefp. 

7. Pr«poaderation on one fide of the com- 
parifon. Ttllotfon. 

To ADVA'NTAGE. v. a, [from the noun.] 
I. To benefit. Locke. 

S. To promote ; to bring forward. 


ADVA'NT AGED. a. [from to ad-vantage.] 
Poffefftfd of advantages. Glan-v. 

ADVA'NTAGE- GROUND./. Ground that 
gives luperiurity, and opportunities of an- 
noyance Of refinance. Clai endon. 

ADVANTA'GEOUS. a. [advantageaux, 
Fr.J Profitable 5 ufeful 5 opportune. 


ADVANTA'GEOUSLY. ad. [from ad-van. 
tagecas.] Conveniently 5 oppoxtanely ; pro- 
fitably. Arbuth. 

ADVANTA'GEOUSNESS. /. [from ad-van. 
tageous,] Piofttablenefs J ufefulnefs ; con- 
venience. Soylf. 

ToADVE'NE. -V. >t. [ad-venio, Lat.] To 
accede to fo-methingi to-be feperadded, 

ADVE'NIENT. a. [advenlens, Lat.] Ad- 
vening 5 fuperadded. Clanvilk. 

A'DVI;NT. /. [from ad-vent-us.'] The name 
of one of the holy feafons, fignifying the 
comirg J this is, the coming of our Sa- 
viour ; which is m.ide the lubjecl of our 
devotion during the four weeks before 

ADVE'NTINE. a. [from, ad-venio, adven- 
turn.] Adventitious J that winch is extrin- 
fically added. Eacon. 

ADVENTrnOUS. a. {ad-ventiti-.s, Lat.] 
That uhtch advenes ; accidental ; fuper- 
venient ; extrinfically added, Boyle, Dryd. 

ADVE'NTiVE. /. [from <jrfTA'«!o, Lat.] The 
thing or perfon that comes from withuur. 


ADVE'NTUAL. c. [from ad-vcnt.] Relating 
to the feafon of advent. B'jhop Haunderfpn. 

ADVE'NTUB-E- /■ [French,] 

J. An accident j a chance } a hazard. 

4. An enterprife in which fomething muft 
be left to hjzard. I^ryd. 

To ADVE'NTURE. -v. n. {ad-venturer, Fr.] 
I. To try the chance 5 to dare. Shakeff^ 
■2.. In an aftive fenfe, to put into the power 
«>f chance. 

^DVE'NTURER. /. [adventuricr, Fr.] He 
that feeks oocafions of ha'.:ard j he that 
puts hi-mfelf in the hands of chance. 

Fairy i^ (V«. 

APFE'NTUROUS. a. [ad-vef:tureux, Fr.] 
J. He ihit IS inclined to advsiicurfs i d^r- 

A D V 

in?, courageous. Drydt 

2. Full of hazard ; dangerous, Addifon, 
ADVE'NTUROUSLY. ad. [from ad-ven- 
turous,'] Boldly ; daringly, Shakcf{>^ 

ADVE'NTURESOME. a, [horn adventure,} 
The fame with ad-venturous. 

-venturefotne.] The quality of being adven- 

A'DVERB. /. [ad-verbium, Lat.] A word 
joined to a verb or adjedive, and folely ap- 
plied to the ufe of qualifying and reftrain- 
ing the latitude of their fignification.C/izr^e. 

ADVE'RBLAL. a. [ad-verbialii, Lat.] That 
which has the quality or ftrufture of aa 
adverb, ' 

ADVE'RBIALLY. ad. ^-adverhMter, Lat.] 
In the manner of an adverb. AddiJ, 

ADVE'RSABLE. a. [from ad-verfe.} Con- 
trary to, 

ADi^ER^A'RIJ.f. [Lat. A common- place. 


A'DVERSARY./. [ad-verjaire, Fr. ad-ver. 
fari-us, Lat.] An opponent j antagonifl j 
enemy. Sbakefp, 

ADVE'RSATIVE. a. [ad-ver fati-vus, Lat.] 
A word which makes (bme oppofition os 

A'DVERSE. a. [ad-verfui, Lat,] 

I. Ading with contrary direflions. Mi/ton, 

3. Calamitous ; alflidiv€5 pernicious. Op- 
pofed to proffiereus, Rofcommott, 
3. Perfonally opponent. Sidney , 

ADVERSITY. /. [ad-verjiti, Fr. j 
I. AfHiilion ; calamity. 
z. The caufe of our forrow j misfortune; 
5. Theflateof unhappinefs; mifery. ^,6^2;^. 

A'DVERSLY. a, [from ad-verje.] Oppo- 
sitely j unfortunately. Shakefp, 

To ADVE'RT. -v. ». [ad-veriio, Lat.] To 
attend to j to regard ; to obferve, Ray, 

ADVERTENCE. /. [from advert.] At- 
tention to ; regard to. Decay of Piety., 

ADVE'RTENCY. /. [from ad-vert.] Tke 
fame v/ith advertence, S'Wt/t» 

To ADVERTi'SE. 1/. a. [ad-vertir, Fr.] 

1. To inform another ; to give intelligence. 

2. To give notice of any thing, in the pub- 
lick prints. 

ADVERTI'SEMENT, [ad-vertijfement, Fr.J, 

1. Infiruftion ; admonition. 

2. Intelligence ; information. 

3. Notice of any thing publiflied in a paper 
of intelligence. 

ADVERTl'SER. /. {jid-vertijeur, Fr.] 

1. He that gives intelligence or informa- 

2. The paper in v.hich advertifements are 

ADVERTI'SING, [horn ad-vert ife.] A^ive 

in giving intelligence ; monitory. Sbakefp, 

To ADVE'SPERATE. i/. ^. 'fad-vefpeto, 


A D U 

Lat. I To draw towards evening. 
ADVI'CE. /. [a-vis, adwi, Fr.] 

1. Counfei 5 inllruflion. 

2. Refledlion ; prudent confideration. 

3. Confultation ; deliberation. 

4. Infelligence. 
ADVI'CE-BoAT. /. A veflel employed to 

bring intelligence. 
ADVI'SABLE. <7. [homadvife.'^ Prudent j 

fit to be advifed. South. 

ADVI'SABLENESS. /. [from odvlfuhle.] 

The* quality of being advifable } fitnefs j 

To ADVI'SE. V. a. [ad-vifer, Fr.] 

1. To counfel. • Sbakefp. 

2. To inform ; to make acquainted. 
To ADVI'SE. -v. n. 

1. To confult ; as, he ad-vijed ivitb his 

2. To confider ; to deliberate. Milton, 
ADVI'SED. part!, a. [from ad-vife.] 

1. Afling with deliberation and defign ; 
prudent ; wife. Bacon. 

2. Performed with deliberation 5 afted 
with defign. Hooker. 

ADVrSEDLY. ad. [from adt-ifed.'] Deli- 
berately J purpofely ; by defign ; prudently. 
Suckli ng. 
ADVI'SEDNESS. /. [from ad-vipd.] Deli- 
beration ; cool and prudent procedure. 
ADVI'SEMENT. /. [ad'vifement , Fr.] 

1. Counfel ; inorfmation. Sperfer. 

2. Prudence ; circumfpeftion. 
ADVl'SER. /. [from ad-v^fi.'] Tlie perfon 

that advifes, a counfellor. Waller. 

ADULATION. /. laduhtion, Fr. aiulatio. 
Lat.j Flattery; high compliment. Claren. 

ADULA'TOR. /. [adulator, Lat.] A flat- 

A'DULATORY. a. [adulaiorius, Lzt.] Flat- 

ADU'LT. a. [aduhus, Lat.] Grown up ; 
pad the age of infancy. Blackmore. 

ADU'LT. f. A perfon above the age of in- 
fancy, or grown to fome degree of ftrength. 
Sha f. 

AbU'LTNESS. /. [from adult. -\ The ftate 
of being adult. 

To ADU'LTER. -v. a. [adulterer, Fr,] To 
commit adultery with another. Jobnfin. 

ADU'LTER ANT./, [aduherans, Lat.] The 
perfon or thing which adulterates. 

To ADU'LTERATE. -v. a. [adulnrer, Fr.] 

1. To commit adultery. Shakefp. 

2. To corrupt by fome foreign admixture. 

ADU'LTERATE. a. [from To adulter^t;.] 

1. Tainted with the guilt of adultery. Sh. 

2. Corrupted with fome foreign mixture. 

ADU'LTER ATENSS. / [from aduhh^te.] 
The quality or ftate of bcmg adulterate. 

A D U 

ADULTERATION. /. [from odulterate.1 
J. The adl uf corrupting by foreign mix- 
ture. Bacon. 

2. The ftate of being contaminated. Feltbn, 
ADU'LTERER./. [adulter, Lat.] The per- 
fon guilty of adultery, Dryd 
ADULTERESS. /. [from adulterer.} A wo- 

ma.i that commits adulterv. 
ADU'LTERINE. /. [adulterine, Fr.] A 

child born of an adulterels. 
ADU'LTEROUS. a. [adulter, Lat.] Guilty 

ofadnlrery. Taylor. 

ADU'LTERY. /. [adulteriu??,, Lat.] The 

adl of violating the bed of a married perfon. 

ADU'MBRANT. a. [ from adumbrate. ] 

That which gives a flight refembJance. 
To ADU'MBRATE. v. a. [adumbro, Lat.] 

To fhadow out ; to give a flight Lkenefs j 

to exhibit a faint refemblance. 

DfC^y of Piety, 
ADU'MBRATION. /. [from adumbrate.] 

J. The a<^ of giving a flight and imperfedl 

reprefentation. Bacon„ 

2. A faint /ketch. 
ADU'NATION. /. [from a^and unus, Lat.] 

The (tate of being united ; union. Boyle. 
ADU'NCITY. /. {aduncitai, Lat.] Croolc- 

ednefs ; hooked nefs, Arhuthnot, 

ADU'NQUE. a. [aduncut, Lat.] Crooked, 

A'DVOCACY. / [from advocate.] Vindi. 

cation ; defence ; apology. Bro^wn, 

A'DVOCATE. /. [ad-vocatus, Lat.] 

1. He that pleads the caufe of another in 3 
court of judicature. .^yl. Dryd. 

2. He that pleads any caufe, in whatever 
manner, as a controvertift or vindicator. 


3. In the facred fenfe, one of the offices of 
our Redeemer. Milton, 

ADVOCA'TION. /, [from advocate.] The 

office of pleading ; plea j apnlogy. Sbakefp, 
ADVOLA'TION. /. [adi;olo, ad-volatum, 

Lat.] The aft of flying to fomething. 
ADVOLU'TION. /. [ad-Lo.utio, Lat,j The 

aft of rolling t > fomething. . 
ADVO'UTRY./. [avoutne,Fr.] Adultery. 
, Bacon. 

ADVO WE'. /. He that has the right of ad- 

vowf in. 
ADVO'WSON. A right to prefent to a be- 

nefiie. Cowell. 

To AiJU'RE. -v. n. [aduro, Lat.] To burn 

up, Bacon, 

ADU'ST. a. [adupus, Lat. J 

1. Burnt up, fcorched. Bacon. 

2. It i3 generally now applied, to the hu- 
mours of the body. Pope. 

ADU'STED. a. [See Adust.] Burnt; dri- 
ed with fire. Paradife Lofl, 

ADU'STIBLE. a. [from W«/2.] That which 
may be adufted, or burnt up. 

P AD- 

A F F 

ADUSTION. /. [from aduJI.] The afl of 
burning up, or drying, Har-vey. 

AE, or JE, A diphthong of the Latin lan- 
guage, which feems not properly to have 
any place in the Englifli. 

^'GILOHS. /. [a^i^^vj', Gr.] A tumour 
or fwelling in the great corner of the eye, 
by the root of the nofc, Sluiucy. 

iE-GYPXrACUM. /. An ointment confift- 

-ing only of honey, verdigreafe and vinegar. 


ML, orEAL, orAL. In compound names, 
a/l, or altogether. So : ylldred, altogether. 
fe-versr.d : Alfred, altogether peaceful. Gib, 

/^LF, Implies afliftance. So /Elf' is 
"vifforioui, Gibjon, 

AE'RIAL, a. {aeries, Lit.] 

1. Belonging to the air, as confiding of it. 

Prior. Neivton. 

2. Produced by the air. Dryd. 

3. Inhabiting the air. Milton. 

4. Placed in the air. Pope. 
1;. High ; elevated in fituatlon. Philips. 

A'ERIE. /. [aire, Fr.] A neft of hawks and 
other birds of prey. Coiuell. 

AERO'LOGY. /. [a«^ and Xoj/^, Gr.] 
The doftrine of the air. 

A'EROMANCY. /. [anj and ^xaUj, Gr,] 
The ait of divining by the air. 

AERO'METRY. /. [aVj and ,aSpJcc.'\ The 
art of meafuring the air. 

AERO'SCOPY. /. [aVe and o-xExrJa', Gr.] 
The obfervation of the air. 

i^THIOPS-MiNERAL. /. A medicine 
fo called, from its dark colour, prepared 
of qulckfilver and falphur, ground together 
in a mirble mortar. S^incy. 

yETI'TES./. [ael®-, an eagle.] Eagle-ftone. 


AFA'R. a. [from a for at, andy^r,] 

1. At a great diftance. Bacon, 

2. To a great diftance. Dryd, 

3. From afar ; from a diftant place. Addt]on, 

4. Af.irofF; remotely diftant. Haytoard. 
AFE'ARD. pirticipal a. [from to fear, for 

to fright, with a redundant.] Frighted ; 

terrified ; afraid. Fairy S^eev. B.Johnjon. 
A'FER. f. [Lat.J Tlie fouthw/eft wind. 

AFFABl'LITY./. [affabilite', Fr. affabilitat, 

Lat.] Eafinefs ot manners j courteoufnefs ; 

civility ; condefcention. Clarend. 

A'FFABLE. a. [affable. Ft. affahilis, L^t.] 

1. Eafy of manners j accoftable j coi\rte- 
ous ; complaifant. Bacon, 

2. Applied to the external appearance j 
benmn ; mild. 

A'FFABLENESS. /. [from affable.'] Cour- 

tefy ; affability. 
A'FFABLY. ad. [from affahk.l Courte- 

oufly ; civilly. 
A'FFABROUS. a. \affabre, Fr.] Skillfully 

made j complete. 

A F F 

AFFAI'R. /. 'laffaire, Fr.] Bufinefs ; fnme- 
thing to be managed or tranfafted. Pope. 

To AFFE'AR. -v. n. [from offier, Fr.] To 
confirm j to eftablifli. Sbakefp, 

AFFECT. /. [from the verb affeH.] 

1. Affection ; paffion j fenfation. Bacon, 

2. Quality 5 ciicumftance. Wifim, 
To AFFE'CT, -v. a. {affeSer, Fr. afficio, 

affcBum, Lat.] 

1. To afl: upon j to produce effefts in any 
other thing. Miltor, 

2. To move the pafiions. Addifon, 

3. To aim at ; to endeavour after Dryd, 

4. To tend to ; to endeavour after. Ne-wt. 

5. To be fond of ; to be pleafed with ; to 
love. Hooker, 

6. To fludy the appearance of any thing ; 
with fome degree of hypocrify. Prior, 

7. To imitate in an unnatural and con- 
ftrained manner. Ben. 'Johnson, 

AFFECTA'TION. /. [affaatio, Lat.] The 
aft of making an artificial appearance. 

AFFE'CTED. participial a. [from affea.] 

1. Moved ; touched with affection. Claren, 

2. Studied with over-much care. Shakefp, 

3. In a perfonal fenfe, full of afFedlation ; 
as, an affcEied lady. 

AFFF'CTEDLY.' d^. {ixaxn affcSed.'] In an 
afFe£led manner ; hypocritically. Broivn, 

AFFE'CTEDNESS, /. [homaffeaed.] The 
quality of being affedled. 

AFFE'CTION. /. [aff.aion, Fr. affeaio, 

1. The ftate of being affefted by any caufe, 
or agent. Shakefp. 

2. Pafiion of any kind. Sidney, 

3. Love J kindnefs 3 good-will to fome 
perfon. Pope, 

4. Zfal. Bacon, 

5. State of the mind, in generah Shakefp. 

6. Qu^ality ; property. Holder, 

7. State of the body. TVfeman, 

8. Lively reprefentaticn in painting. 

AFFE'CTIONATE. a. [affcaior:e', Fr. from 


I. Fullot affedlion ; warm j zealous. Sprat, 

2- Fond ; tender, Sidney, 

3. Benevolent. Rogers. 

AFFE'CTIONATELY. ad. [from affeai- 

cnate.] Fondly ; tenderly ; benevolently. 
AFFECTION'ATENESS. /. [from affeai- 

onate.'] Fondnefs ; tendernefs ; good-will. 
AFFE'CTIONED. a. [from offeSion.] 

I. Affefted ; conceited. Sbjkefp. 

%, Inclined ; mentally difpofed. Rom. 

AFFE'CTIOUSLY. ad. [from afftB.] In 

■an aftetting manner. 
AFFE'CTIVE. a. [from^ff.a] That which 

affVrts ; which Urongly touches. Rogers. 
AFFECTUO'SITY. f [from affeiiucu,.] 

Pjffionatenefs. Dia. 


A F F 

AFFE'CTUOUS. a. [from affcEi.] Full of 

To AFFE'RE. -v. a. [offijr, Fr.] A law 

term, fignifying to confirm. 
AFFI'ANCE. /. [<iffiance, from affier, Fr.] 

I. A marriage- contraft. Fairy ^ueen. 

7.. Truft in general ; confidence. Sbakejp. 

3. Truft in the divine promifes and pro- 

To AFFI'ANCE. -v. a. [from the noun affi- 


1. To betroth ; to bind any one by pro- 
mife to marriage. Fairy S^ueen, 

2. To give confidence. Pope. 
AFFl'ANCER. /. [from affiance.] He that 

makes a contrail of marridge between two 

AFFIDA'TION. 7 /, [from affido, Lat. See 
A'FFIDAIURE, ^ Affied. j Mutualeon- 

trjft ; mutual o^th cf fidelity. 
AFFIDA'VIT. /. [affida-jit fignifies, in the 

language of the common law, he made oath.] 

A declaration upon oath. 
AFFIED. farticip. a. [from the verb affy, 

derived from affido.j Joined by contratt j 

affianced. Shjkejp, 

AFFILIATION. /. [from ad and fhus. 

Lit.] Adaption. Chambcn, 

A'FFINAGE. /. [affinage, Fr.] The aft of 

refining metals by the cupel. DiS, 

AFFI'NED. a. [from affinn, Lat.] Related 

to another. Shakefp, 

AFFI'NITY. /, [affimle, Fr. from ajims, 


1. Relation by marriage. 

2. Rehtion to ; connexion with. 
ToAFFI'RM. '•^.n. [affirmo, Lzt.] To de- 
clare j to tell confidently : oppofed to the 
word deny. 

To AFFIRM, "v. a. To ratify or approve a 
former lavk^, or judgment. 

AFFI'RMABLE. a. [from affirm.] That 
which msv be affirmed. 

AFFIRMANCE. /. [from affirm.] Confir- 
mation : oppofed to repeal. Bacon. 

AFFIRMANT. /. [from affirm.] The per- 
fon that affirms. 

AFFIRMA'TION. /. {affirmatio, Lat.] 

1. The ad of affirming or declaring : op- 
pofed to negation. Shakejp, 

2. The pofuion affirmed. Hammond, 
"i,. Confirmation : oppofed to repeal. H(,ok. 

AFFI'RMATIVE .a. [from affi.m.] 

1. That which affirms, oppofed to nega- 

2. That which can or may be affirmed. 


5. Pofitive ; dogmatical. Toylor. 

AFFI'RMATIVELY. ad. [from affirma. 

five,] On the pofitive fide ; not negaii ve'y, 


AFFI'RMER. /. [from cffirT..] The perfon 

that affirms, y/^a;.'i. 

A F F 

To AFFI'X. -v. a. [affigo, affixum, Lat.] 
To unite to the end ; to fubjoin. Rogers. 

AFFI'X. /. [affixum, Lat.] A particle 
united to the end of a wrrd. Qarke, 

AFFI'XJON. /. [from offix.] 
I. The a£l of affixing. 
* The ftate of bein? affixed. 

AFFLA'TION. /. [<;>ff.o, afflatum, Lst] 
adl of breathing upon any thing. 

AFFLATUS. /. [Lat.] Communication of 
the power of prophecy. 

To AFFLI'CT. -v. a. [affiiBo, affiiaum, 
Lat. J To put to pain 5 to grieve ; to tor- 
ment. Hooker, 

AFFLICTEDNESS. /. [from affiiiled.] 
Sorruwfiilnefs ; grief. 

AFFLl'CTER. /. [homafflia.] Theperfdn 
that jfflias. 

AFFLI'CTION. /. [affi aio, Lat.] 

1. The caufe ot pain ir fofiow 3 calamity. 

Ho,k r. 

2. The ftate of forrowfulnefs j mifery. 

AFFLI'CTIVE. a. [horn affi. SI.] Painful; 

tormenting. South. 

ATFLUENCE. /. [affiuin:e, Fr. affiuentia, 


1 . The aft of flowing to any place ; con- 

courfe, TVotton. 

2- Exuberance of riches ; plenty. Rogers^ 
A'FFLUENCY. /. The with affiucr.ce. 
A'FFLUENT. a. [affluem, Lat.] 

1. Flowing to any part. Har-vey, 

2. Abundant ; exuberant ; wealthy. Frier. 
A'FFLUENTNESS,/. [from<7j^«fW.] The 

quality of being affluent. 
A'FFLUX. /. [affluxus, Lit.] 

1, The aft of Sowing to fome place j 

2. That which flows to any place. 

Harvey t 
AFFLU'XION. /. [affluxio, Lat.] 

1, The aft of flowing to a particular place.' 

2. That which flows from one place to 
another. Brczun. 

To AFFO'RD. v. a. [affiurrer, affourrag^r^ 

1. To yield or produce. 

2. To grant, or confer any thing. 

Fairy S^eett, 

3. To be able to fell. Add'ifor. 

4. To be able to bear (xpences. Sivift, 
To AFFO'REST. -v. a. [afforcjUre, Lat.] 

To turn giound into foreft. Dailies, 

To AFFRA'NCHISE. -v. a. [affra„cher, 

Fr.j T>> make free. 
TO AFFRA'Y. -v. a. [effrayer.] To flight j 

to terrify. 
AFFR.^'Y. A tumultuous aflault of one or 

more perfons upon others. 
AFFRI'CTION.. /. [afr,aio, Lat.] The 

aft of rubbing one thing upon another. 

D 2 T« 

A F O 

fo AFFRl'GHT. i/. a. [See Fright.] 
To affecT: ^'nh fear ; to terrify. IValkr. 

AFFRl'GHT. /. [from the verb.] 

I. Teriour; fear. Dryden, 

a. The caufe of fear ; a terrible objefl.' 

Ben. yohnjon, 

AFFRI'GHTFUL. a. Full of affright or 
terrour ; terrible. Decay of Piefy. 

AFFRl'GHTMENT. /. [from iffngf-'.] 

1. The impreflionof fear ; terrcur. Loc^f. 

2. The flate of fearfulnefs. Hammond. 
To AFFRO'N T -v. a. [affronter, Fr.] 

' I, To meet face to face j to encounter. 

a. To meet, in an hoftile manner, front 
to front. Ml. I on. 

3. To offer an open infult ; to offend 
avowedly. Dryden. 

AFFRO'NT. f. [from the verb affront.] 
J. Infill t offtned to the face. Dryden. 

2 Outrage; ac^ of contempt. Milton. 

3 0;'en oppufition ; encounter. Milton. 

4. Diffract- ; fhame. ^rhutknot. 
AFFRO'NTER [. [ix<sm affront.] Theper- 

fon that affronts. 
APFRO'NTING. part. a. [from affront.] 
"' That which has the quality of affronting. 

To AFFU'SE. f. a. [affundo, affufum, Lit.] 
' To pour one thine upon another. Boyle. 
AFFU'SION. /. l^Pfio, hii.] 1*116 adtof 

affufing. ' Gre'w, 

To AFFV'. -y. a. [^ffisr, Fr.] To betroth 

in order to marriage. Shakefpeare. 

fo AFFY'. -v. r.. To put confidence in ; 

to put truft- in. Hhakefpeare. 

AFI'ELD. ad. [from a and /.eld.] To the 

field. ' ' Gay. 

AFLA'T. ad. [from a zniffat.] Level vvith 

the ground. Bacon. 

AFLO'AT. ad. [from fl and /oa/.] Float- 
" ing. Addijon, 

AFO'OT. ad. [from a and/00/.] 

3. On foot ; not on horfeback. Shakefp. 

2. In aftiun ; as, a dffign is afoot. Idem. 

g. In m>^uon. Shakejfrare, 

AFO'RE. frep. [from a and/or^.] 

I. Before ; nearer in place to any thing. 
i Z. Sooner in time. Shaksj'feare. 

AFO'RE. ad. 

1. In time foregone or part. Shakefp. 

2. Firft in the way. Sbakejpeare, 
5. In front ; in the fore- part. Spenfer. 

AFO'REGOING. part. a. [from afore and 

going.] Going before, 
AFO'REHAND. ad. [from afore snA hand.] 

3. By a previous provifion. Go. of Tongue, 
2. Provided ; prepared j previoufly fitted. 

AFO'REMENTIONED. a. [from afore and 

mentioned.] M'^ntioned before. Addijon, 
AFO'RENAMEE). a. [ from afore and 

named.] Named before. Peacham, 

AFO'RESAID. a, [from afore and faid.] 

A G A 

Ssid before. Bacon' 

AFO'RETIME. ad. [from afore and time.] 

In time paft. Sufarna, 

ATKA'ID. pa-'ticip. a. [from the verb ajfray. ] 

Struck with fear j terrified ; fearful. 

P'alms, Dryden. 
AFRE'SH. ad. [from a andfrefy.] Anew } 

again. JVotts. 

AFRO'NT. ad. [from a and front.] In 

front ; in diredf upoofirion. Shakefp. 

A'FTER. prep, [afpreji. Sax.] 

1. Following in place. Shakefpeare. 

2. In purfuit of. Samuel, 

3. Behind. Neivton. 

4. Polleriour in timet Dryden, 

5. Accordii.g to. Bacon, 
6- Vn imitation of. Addifon, 

A'FTER. ad. 

1. In fucceeding time. Bacon, 

2. Following another. Shakefpeare, 
A'FTER is compounded with many words. 
A'FTER AGES. /. [from after and a?es.] 

SiicrelTive times ; pofterity. Raleigh, 

A'f TERALL. At laft j in fine j in con- 

ckiiion. Atterhury, 

A'FTERBIRTH. /. [from after zr^d birth.] 

The fetundine. Wfeman. 

A'FTERCLAP. /. [from after and clap.] 

Unexpedfed event happening after an affair 

is fuppofed to be at an end. Spenjer. 

A'fTERCOST. /. The expence incurre4 

after the original plan is executed. Mart, 
AFTERCROP. /. Second harveft. Mort, 
To A'FTEREYE. -v. a. To follow in view. 

A'FTERGAME. /. Methods taken after 

the firft turn of affairs. Wotton, 

A FTERMATH. /. {'^fter and rtiath, from 

moiv.] Sicond crop of grafs mown in au- 
AFTERNOON. /. The time from the 

meridian to the evening. Dryden, 

A'FTERPAINS. /. Pains after birth. 
AFTEi<TA^T£. /. T^fte remaining upon 

the tongue ifrer the draught. 
AFTERTHOUGHT. /. Refleaions after 

the a£l ; expedients farmed too late. Dryd. 
A'FTERTIMES. /. Succeeding times. D^y, 
AFTERWARD, ad. In fucceeding time. 

A'FTERWIT. /. Contrivance of expedients 

after the occafion of ufing them is paft. 

AGA'IN. ad. [ajen, S«.] 

1. A fecond time ; once more. Bacon. 

2. On the other hand. Bacon, 

3. On another part. Dryden, 

4. In return. Bacon, 

5. Back ; in reftitution. Shakefp. 

6. In recompence. Pro-v. 

7. In order of rank or fucceffion. Bacon, 

8. Befidss 5 in any other time or place. 

9. Twice 


5. Twice as much ; marking the fame 
quantity once repeated. Pope, 

10. ^gain and again j with frequent re- 
petition. Locke, 

11. In oppofition. Romans. 

12. Back. D^ut. 
AGa'INST. f'ref^. [aen^eon, Sax-] 

1. In oppofition to any peil'on. Genres. 

2. Contrary ; oppofite, ia general. Drydcn. 

3. In contradiftion to any opinion. Szvifc. 
/}.. With ro!;triry motion or tendency ; 
ufed of material adlion. Shakctp. 
^. Contrary to rule. Dryd.n. 

6. Oppofite to, in place. D yJei;. 

7. To the hurt of another. Da-vies. 

8. In expeclition of. Clarevdot?, 
AGA'PE. ad. [a anA gape."^ Staring with 

eager nefs. tipeBator. 

A'GARICK. /. [a^^aricum, Lat,] A drug 

of ufe in phyfick, and the dying trade. 

It is divided into male and fenwle ; the 

male is ufed only in dying, the female in 

medicine : the male grows on oaks, the 

female on larches. 
AG A ST. a. [from agaxe.'[ Milton. 

A'GATE. /. {agate, Fr. achates, Lat.] A 

precious ftone ot the lowed clafs. ff^aodio, 
A'GATY. a. [from agate.] Partaking of 

the nature of ag3te. (J'^oodiuurd. 

To AGA'ZE. "v. a. [from a and e''-^^- j To 

firike with atnazemenC. Fa. ^een, 

AGE. /. [age, Fi-.J 

1. Any peiied of tim.e attributed to fome- 
thing as the whole, or part, of its dura- 
tion. Shakefp, 

2. A fuccefiion or generation of men. Rof. 

3. The time in which any particubr man, 
or race of men, lived j as, the age of he- 

4. The fpace of a hundred years. 

5. The latter part of life ; old age. Prior. 

6. Maturity ; ripenefs 5 full ftrength of 
life. D^yden. 

7. In law. In a man, the age of fourteen 
years is the age of d ifcrecion ; and twenty- 
one years is the full age. A woman at 
twenty-one is able to alienate her lands. 

A'GED. a. [from age.] 

1. Old ; ftricken in years. Prior. 

2. Old ; applied to inanimate things. Sail. 
A'GEDLY. ad. [from aged.] After tiie man- 
ner of an .^!;ed prrfon. 

AGEN. ad. ["gen, Sax.] Again ; in return. 

Jj -ydtin. 
A'GENCY. /. [from agm.] 

1. The quahty of acting j the ftate of be- 
ing in aftion. IVaodward, 

2. Bufintfs performed by an agent. Hivift. 
AGENT. <2. [agens, Lit.] That which adts. 

A'GENT. /. 

I. Afubftitutej a deputy j a factor. Dry, 

A G G 

2, That which has the power of operating, 

AGGENERA'TION. /. [from ad and gene- 
ratio, Lat.j The ftate of growing to an- 
other bodv. Broiun. 

To A GGERATE. v, a. [from agger, L,t.] 
To hesp up. Dei, 

To AGGLO'MERATE. <i/. a. [agghmero, 
Lat.] To gather up in a ball, as thread. 

AGGLU'TINANTS. /. liiom agglut:nate.-\ 
Thole medicines which have the power of 
uniting parts together. 

To AGGLUTINATE, -v. n. [from oi and 

gluten, Lat. J To unite one part to another. 


AGGLUTINA'TION. /. [from aggh,,. 
n^ue.] Union j cohefion. JVtfeman. 

AGGLUTINATIVE, a, [from aggluti- 
nate,'^ That which has the power of pro- 
curing agglutination. PFifeman. 

To A GGRANDIZE. -v, a. [aggrar:difcr, 
Fr.] To make great j to enlarge j to 
exalt. f-f-^'atts. 

A'GGRANDIZEMENT. /. [aggrandife- 
ment, Fr.] The ftate of being aggrandized 

A'GGRANDIZER. /. [from aggrandisie.\ 
The perfon that makes great another. 

To AGGRAVATE, v. a. [aggravo, Lit.l 

1. To make heavy ; in a metaphorical 
fenfe 5 as, to aggravate an accufation. 


2. To make any thing worfe. Bacon, 
AGGRAVA'TION. /. [from aggravate.] 

1. The zQ. of aggravating. 

2. The extrinfecal circumftances, which 
encreafe guilt, or calamity. Hammond. 

AGGREGATE, a. [aggregatus, Latin.] 
Framed by the colle<5lion cf particular parts 
into one mafs. Ras, 

A'GGREGATE. /. The refult of the con. 
jundion of many particulars. Glanvilh, 

T. AGGREGATE. 1/. a. [aggrego, Lat.j 
To coUedt together ; to heap many par- 
ticulars into one mafs. Milton, 

AGGRECA'TION. /. [from aggregate.] 

1. The adl: of colledting many particular 
into one whole. Wondivard. 

2. The whole compofed by the coacerva- 
tion of many particulars. 

3. State of being col Ictled. Broivn. 
To AGGRE'SS. v. n. [a^gredior, agtrrejfum, 

Lat.] To commit the tirlt ad of violence. 


AGGRE'SSION. /. [aggrejjio, Lat.] Com- 
mencement of a quarrel by fome att of 
iniquity. VEfirange. 

AGGRE'SSOR. /. [Uomaggrefs.] Theaf. 
faulter or invader, oppofed 10 the defend- 
ant. Pope, 

AGGRI'EVANGE. /. Injury; wrong. 

To ACGRI'EVE. v. a. [ gravis, Lat.] 
I. To give forrow 5 to vex. Spenjer, 

I. To 


a. To impofe ; to hurt in one's right. 

To AGGRO'UP. V. a. [a'ggropare, Ital.] 

To bring together inta one figure, D/yd, 
AGHA'ST. a. [from <» and j apt, a ghoil.] 

Struck with horror, as at the fight of a 

fpeftre. Addijon. 

A'GILE. a. \agilh, Lat,] Nimble j ready ; 

a<Sive. Prior, 

A'GILENESS. /. [from agile.l Nimble- 

nefs ; quicknefs ; aflivity. 
AGI'LITY. /. {agilhat, Lat.] Nimblenefs 5 

quicknefs ; aftivity. Wattt. 

jfGIO. J. [Itihan.] A mercantile tcim, 

ufed chiefly in Holland and Venice, for 

the difference between the value of bink 

notes, and the current money. Chambers. 
To AGr:,T. 1/. a. [gijle, Fr. a bed.] To 

take in and feed the cattle of ftrangers in 

the king's foreft, and to gather the money. 


AGISTMENT. /. A modui or compofuion, 

or mean rate. 
A'GITABLE. /. [agitabilis, Latin.] That 

which may be put in motion. 
To AGITATE, v. a. [agito, Lit.] 

1. To put in motion, 

a. To actuate ; to move. Blackmore, 

3. To zSePt with perturbation. 

4. To bandy j to dilcufs 5 to controvert. 

AGITA'TION. /. [agitatio, Lat.] 

I. The aft of moving any thing. Bacon, 
a. The ftate of being moved. 
3. DlTcuinon J contiovcrfial examination. 
4.. Perturbation ; djfturbance of the 
thoughts. Taller. 

5. Deliberation; the ftate of being con- 
lulted upon. Sivft. 

AGITATOR. /. [from agitate.] He who 

manages affiirs. 
A'GLET. /. [aiguhite, Fr.] 

I. A tag of a point curved into fome re- 

prefentation of an animal. Hayiv. Sba. 

2,. The pendants at the ends of the chieves 

of flowers. 
A'GMINAL. a. [from agmer., Lat.] Be- 
longing to a troop. ZJ-'f?. 
A'CNAIL. /. [from anje, grieved, and 

n^jle, a nail.] A whitlow. 
AGNATION./. [uomagnat-Ji, Lat.] De- 

fcent from the fame father, in a diredl 

male line. 
AGNTTION. /. [from agnitio, Lat,] Ac- 

To AGNIZE, t: a. [from agnofco, Lat.] 

To acknowledge ; to own. Hhakefp, 

AGNOMINATION./, [ognominatio, Lat.] 

Alluficn of one word to another. Catr.den. 
AGNUS CAl^TUS. f. [Lat.] The chafte 

tree. Drydcn. 

ACO'.-^d, [r.j'n, Sax.] pjft; zs, lo'jgago; 

that is, long time has paft fince, Addifon. 
AGO'G. ad. In a liace of defire. Scutb, 

A G R 

AGO'ING. a, [a and going.'] In action. 


AGO'NE. ad. [a^an, Sax.] Ago ; paft. 

Ben. ychnfon. 

A GONISM. /. [dyavLo-fjiai;, Gr.] Conten- 
tion tor a prize. DiSf. 

AGONI'STES. / [a;.Kvj^«c, Gr.] A prize- 
fighter ; one that contends at a publick fo- 
lemnity for a prize. Milton. 

To AGONIZE. ".•. n. [agonifer, Fr.] To 
be in exceffive pain. Pope. 

A'GONY. / [ay,iv, Gr. agonie, Fr.] 

1. The pangs of death. Rofcommon. 

2. Any violent pain of body or mind. Milt. 

3. It is particularly ufed in devotions for 
our Redeemer's conflidl in the garden. 


AGO'OD. ad. [<j and good.] In earneft. Sba. 

AGO'UTY. /. An animal of the Antilles, 
of the bigiiefs of a rabbit : when chafed, 
he flies to a hollow tree, whence he is ex- 
pelled by fmoke. Tre-voux. 

To AGRA'CE. 1'. a, [from a and grace.] 
To grant favours to. Fairy ^^een. 

AGRARIAN, a. \agrariui, Lat.] Relat- 
ing to fields or grounds. 

To AGRE'ASE. a. [from a and greafc] 
To dauh ; to greafe. Fairy B^cen. 

To AGREE, -v. ,!. [agreer, Fr.] 

1. To be in concoid. Pope. 

2. To yield to. - Burnet, 

3. To kttle terms by fiipulation. Matt. 

4. To lettle a price between buyer and 
feller. Mati. 

5. To be of the fame mind or opinion. 


6. Tobe confiftent, Mark. 

7. To fuit with. Locke. 
g. To caufe no diflurbance in the body. 

To A'GREE. -v. a. 

1. To put an end to a variance. Spenfer, 

2. To reconcile, Rofcommon. 
AGREEABLE, a. [agreable, Fr.] 

1. Suitable to ; confiftent v/ith. Temple. 

2. Pleafing. Addifon, 
AGREtABLENESS. / [from agreeable.] 

1. Confiftency with ; fuitablenefsto. Locke. 
1, The quality of pleafing. Collier, 

3. Refcmblance ; likenefs. Greiv. 
ACRE EABLY. ad. [from agreeable.] Con- 

fiftently with ; in a manner fuitable to. 
AGRE'ED. farticip. a. Settled by confent. 

AGREE'INGNESS. /. [from agree,] Con- 

fiflence j fuitablenefs. 
AGRE'EMENT. / [agrement, Fr.] 

1. Concord. Ecclus, 

2. Refembiance of one thing to another. 


3. Compaft ; bargain. Arbutknot. 
A tiRICULTURE. /. [agricultura, Latin.] 

Tillage ; hufbandrv. . Pope, 


A I M 

A'GRIMONY. /. [agrimonia, Lat.] The 
name of a plant. Millar. 

AGRO'UND. aJ. [from a and greiind.] 

1. Stranded ; hindered by the ground trom 
pafling farther. Raleigh. 

2. Hindered in the progrefs of affairs. 
A'GUE. /. [aigu, Fr.] An intermitting fe- 
ver, with cold fits fucceeded by hot. Den. 

A'GUED. a. [from ''gue.'\ Struck with an 
ague ; fliivering. Shakefp, 

A'GUE-FIT. /. [from ague and fit.'] The 
paroxyfm of the ague. H/jaicfp. 

A'GUE- TREE. /, [from ague and tree.] 
Saffafras. DiSi. 

A'GUISH. a. [from ague.] Having the qua- 
lities of an ague. Gran'ville. 

A'GUISHNESS./. [itom aguip-l The qua- 
lity of refembhng ah ague. 

AH. interjeBion. 

~ I. A word noting fometimes diflike and 
cenfure. Ifuiab. 

a. Sometimes contempt and exultation. 


3. Moft frequently, compaflion and com- 
plaint. Prior. 

AHA', AHA' ! interjeEl. A word intimat- 
ing triumph and contempt. PJjlms. 
AHE'AD. ad. [from a and head.] 

1. Further onward than another. Dryd. 

2. Headlong ; precipitant. 
AHE'IGHT. ai. [from a and height.] A- 

loft ; on high. Shakefp. 

J9H0UAI. f. The name of a plant. Millar. 
To AID. V. a. [aider, Fr.] To help ; to 

fupport ; to fuccour. iValler. 

AID. /. [from To aid.] 

1. Help; fupport. Pope. 

2. The perfon that gives help ; a helper. 


3. In law. A fubfidy. Coiuell. 
A'lDANCE. /. [from aid.] Help ; fupport. 


AIDANT, a. [aidant, Fr.] Helping ; help- 
ful. Hhakejp. 

A'IDER. /. [from aid,] A helper j an aliy. 


A'IDLESS. a. [from aid.] Helplefs ; un- 
fupported. Miltor.. 

A'IGULET. /. [aigulet, It.] A point with 
tags. Fairy S^een, 

To AIL. V. a. [ejlan. Sax.] 

1. To pain j to trouble ; to give pain. 


2. To affeft in any manner. D-yden. 
AIL. /. [from the verb.] A difeafe. Pope. 
A'lLMENT. /. [from ail.] Pain ; difeafe. 

A'lLING. panic:'f. a. Sickly. 
To AIM. -v. a. [efmer, Fr.] 

1. To endeavour to ilrike with a miflive 
weapon. Pope. 

2. To point the view, or dlre£t the fteps, 
towards Any thing J to eodeavour to reach 
•r obtain. TiUetJon. 


A I R 

3- Toguefs. 
AIM. / [from the verb.] 

I. The diredlionof a mifliie weapon. Drf, 
z- The point to which the thing throwa 
is direfled. Sbakefp. 

3- An intention ; a defign. Pope. 

4. The objedl of a defign. Lccke. 

5. Conjedture; guefs. Sbakefp'. 
AIR. /, [air, Fr. aer, Lat.] ^'^ 

I. The element encompafljng the terra- 
queous globe. JVatti. 
3. The ftate of the air with regird to 
health. Bacon, 

3. A fmall gentle wind. Milton. 

4. Any thing light or uncertain. Sbjik, 

5. The open weather. Drydeti. 

6. Vent ; emiffion into the air. Dryden, 

7. Publication j expofure to the publiclc. 

8. Poetry ; a fong. Milton, 

9. Mufick, whether lighter ferious. Pepr, 

10. The mien, or manaer, of the perfon. 


II. An afFefled or laboured manner or 
gefture. Sioifc. 
12. Appearance. Pc^. 

To AIR. v. a. [from the noun.J 

1. To expofe to the air, Dryden, 

2. To take the air. Addi(<tn, 

3. To open to the air. Hooker. 
A'IRBL ADDER. /. [irom air mA bladder. -^ 

1. Any cuticle filled with air. Arbutbnot, 

2. The bladder in fifhes, by the contrac- 
tion and dilatation of which, they rife or 
fall. Cud-worth. 

A'IRBUILT. a. [horn air znd tuild.] Built 
in the air. Pope, 

AIR-DRAWN, a. Painted in air. Sbakefp. 

A'IRER. /. [from To air.] He that expofes 
to the air. 

A IRHOLE. /. [from air and hole.] AhoI« 
to admit air. 

A IRINESS. /. [from airy.] 

1. Expofure to the air. 

2. Lightnefs ; gaiety j levity. Felton. 
AIRING./, [horn air.] A fhort journey. 


A'IRLESS. a. [from air.] Without com- 
munication with the free air. Sbakefp, 

A IRLING. /. [from air.] A young gay 
perfon. Ben. Johnkn. 

A'IRPUMP, /. [from air and pump.] A 
machine by whofe means the air is ex- 
haufted out of proper velTels. Chambert, 

A'IRSHAFT. /. [from air and pafc] A 
paffage for the air into mines. Ray. 

A'lRY. a. [from air ; a'ereus, Lat.] 

1. CompoJed of air. Bacon, 

2. Relating to the air. Boyle. 

3. H;gh in air, Addifoit. 

4. Light as air; unfubftantial. Sbakefo, 

5. Without reality j vain j trifling. Temple, 

C Flwtter- 

A L C 

6. Fluttering; loofe ; full of levity. Dry. 

7. Gay J fprightly j full cf mirth ; lively ; 
light of heart. Tdy'or. 

AISLE. /. The walk in a church. Mdifon. 
>%IT. /. A fmall ifland in a river. 
^o AKE. "v. n. [from u-x^, Gr.j To feel 
a lafting pain. Locke, 

AKI'N. a. [from a and kin.'\ ' 

1. Related to j allied to by blood. Sidrjfy. 

2. Allied to by nature. L' Eftrange. 
A'LABASTER. /. [aXa'lSareov.] A kind of 

foft marble, eafier to cut, and iefs durable, 
than the other kinds J the white is mt^ft 
common. Shak.fp. 

A'LABASTER. a. Made of alabafter. ^dd. 

ALA'CK. interject, Alas j an exprefli( n of 
forrow. Shakejp. 

ALA'CKADAY. interje^. A word noting 
forrow and melancholy, 

ALA'CRIOUSLY. ad. Cheerfullv ; with- 
out dejedViin. Gov. of the Tongue. 

ALA'CRITY. / [alacritas, Lat.] Cheer- 
fulnefs ; fprightlinefs ; gayety, Dryder. 

ALAMO'DE. ad. \a la mode, Fr.J Accord- 
ing to the fafhi in. 

ALAND, ad. [from a for at, and land.'] 
At land ; landed. Drydeti. 

ALARM. /. [from the French, a rarmc, 
to arms.] 

I. A cry by which men are fummoned to 
their arms. Pope. 

z. Notice of any danger approaching. 

3. Any tumult or difturbance. Pope. 
To ALA'RM. -v. a. 

1. To call to arms. Addlfon. 

2. To furprife with the apprehenfion of 
any danger. Tickell. 

3. T. dfturb. Dryderr. 
ALARMBELL. /. [frim aUrtn and bcll.^ 

The bell that is rung at the approach cf 

an enemy. Dryder,. 

ALARMING, partkip. a. [from alarm.] 

Terrifying; awakening; fuiprifing. 
ALA'RMPOST. /. [from alann s nd poj}.] 

The poft appointed to each body of men 

to appear at. 
ALA'RUM /. See Alarm. Prior. 

To ALA'RUM. -v. a. See Alarm. SIj::. 
ALA'S, inter Jeff, [lelas, Fr.J 

I. A word exprefiing lamentation. Pope. 

». A word of pity. Shakcjp. 

ALA'TE. ad. [from a and late.] Lately. 
ALB. /. [album, Lat.] A furpLice. 
ALBE'lT. ad. Although ; notwithftand- 

Jnf. South. 

ALBUGI'NEOUS. a. [albKgo, Lat.] Re- 

fembling an ?lbugo, 
jiLBU'GO. f. [Lat.] A difeafe in the eye, 

by which the cornea cnnttafts a whitenefs, 
A'LCAHEST. /. An univerfal dilfolvent. 
ALCA'ID. /, 

I. The govermur ot" a caftle. D>yden. 

a. In Spain, the judge of a city. Du Cange, 


ALCA'NNA. f. An Egyptian plant ufed in 
dving. Brown. 

ALCHV'MICAL. a. [from alchymy.] Re- 
lating to .Tichymv. Camden, 

ALCHY'MICALLY. ad. ^ hom alchymUal.] 
In the manner of an alchymift. Camden. 

A'LCHYMIST. /. [from a/chyny.] One 
who purfues or profeflcs the fcience of al- 
chymy. Grtiv. 

A'LCHYMY. /. [of al, Arab, and x",""-] 

I. The more fublime chymiftry, which 

propofes the tranfmutation of metals. Don. 

Z. A kind of mixed metal ufed for fpoons. 

Bacon, Milton. 

A'LCOHOL. /. A high reaified deph leg- 
mated fpirit of wine. Boyle. 

ALCOHOLIZA'TION./. [from akohdize.] 
The aft of alcoholizing or reftifying fpirits. 

To ALCOHOLIZE, -v. a. [from alcohol.] 
To rei^ify fpirits till they are wholly de- 

A'LCORAN. /, \atit\&kcrav, Arab.]' The 
bock of the Mahometan precepts, and cre- 
denda.' Sanderjon, 

ALCOVE. / [alcoba. Span.] A recefs, or 
part of a chamber, feparated by an eftrade, 
in which is placed a bed of fiate, Trev. 

A'LDER. /. [a/;..vj, Lac] A tree having 
leaves refembling thofe of the hazel. The 
wood will endure long under ground, or in 
water. Pope. 

ALDERLI'VEST. a, Moft beloved. Shakejp. 

A'LDERMAN. /. [fron- aid, old, and man.] 
The fame as fenator : a governour or ma- 
gi ft rate. Pope. 

A'LDERMANLY. ad. [from alderwan.] 
Like an alderman. Sivift. 

A'LDERN. a. [from fl'.y^r.] Made of alder. 


ALE, f. [eale. Sax.] 

1. A liquor made by infufing malt in hot 
water, and then fermenting the liquor. 


2. A merry meeting ufed in country places, 

Ben. Ji^hrfon. 
A'LEBERRY, /. [from ah and berry.] A 

beverage made by boiling ale with fpice 

and fug3r, and fops of bread. 
ALEBREWER. /. [from ak and brenver.] 

One that profefies to brew ale. Mortimer. 
A'LFXONNER. /. [from ah and con.] An 

officer in the city of London, whofe bu. 

finefs is to infpedl the meafures cf publick 

hou fes. 
A'LECOST. /. The name of an hetb, DiB. 
A'LEGAR. /, [from d/e and eager, four,] 

Sour ale. 
A'LEHOOF. /. [from ak and horp's, head.] 

Groiinrfivy, Temple. 

A'LEHOU>E. /. [froma^e and houje.] A 

tipling-houfe, S'nth. 

A'LEHOUSEKEEPER. /. [from aUlr.ufe 


A L G 

anJ keeper.1 He that keeps ale publickly 
to fell. 

AXEKNIGHT. /. [from ale and inight.] 
A por-cornpani n; a tippler. Camticn, 

ALE'MBieK. /. A velTel ufcd in difiiliing, 
confilting of a vellel placed over a fire, 
in which is contained the fubftaiice to be 
diftiiled, and a concave clofely fitted on, 
into which the fumes aiife by the heat ; 
this cover has a beak or fpout, into which 
the vapours rife, and by which they pafs 
into a ferpentine pipe, w^hich is kept Cool 
by making many convolutions in a tub of 
water ; here the vapours are condenfed, 
and what entered the pipe in fumes, comes 
out in drops. Bryle. 

ALE NGTH. ad. [from a iox at , and length.] 
At full length. 

ALERT, a. [ahrte, Fr,] 
I. Watchful ; vigilant. 
7.. Brifk ; pert j petuUnt. ^dJifon. 

ALE'RTNESS. /. [from aUn.-] The qua- 
lity of being alert ; pertnefs. Addijon, 

A'LEWASHED. a. [from ah and wd/>.] 
Soaked in ale. Shak^fp. 

A'LEWIFE. /, [from fl/« and •zyZ/'f.] A wo- 
man that keeps an alehoufe, S-zvi/t. 

A'LEXANDERS. /. [Smymium, Lat.] The 
name of a plant. MiUar. 

ALEXANDER'S FOOT. /. The name of 
an herb. 

ALEXANDRINE. /. A kind of verfe bor- 
rowed from the French, firft ufed in a 
poem called Alexa'd:r, This verfe confifts 
of twelve fylUbles. Pope. 

ALEXIPHA'RMICKT. a. [from oXs^ia; and 
<}>a^iwaxoy.] That which drivesaway poifon ; 
antidotal. Broiun, 

That which drives away poifon. 

A'LGATES. ad. [all and gaie.'\ On any 
terms. Fairfax. 

A'LGEBRA. /. [An Arabick word.] A pe- 
culiar kind of arithmetick, which takes 
the quantity fought, whether it be a num- 
ber or a line, as if it were granted, and, 
by means of one or more quantities given, 
proceeds by confequence, till the quantity 
St firft only fuppoied to be known, or at 
leaft fome power thereof, is found to be 
equal to fome quantity or quantities which 
are known, and confequcntly itfelf is 

ALGEBRA'ICAL. 7 a. Relating to alge- 


ALGEBRA'IST. /. [from algebra.'] A per- 
fon that underftands or pradlifes the fcience 
of algebra. . Graunt. 

A'LGID. a. [algidus, Lat.] Cold ; chill. 


ALGl'DITY. /. Chilnefs ; cold. Dia. 

ALGIFIC. a-, [from a/gor, Latin.] That 
which produces cold, Di£i, 

A L I 

A'LGOR. f. [Lat.] Extreme cold ; rhlt- 
nefs. /) ^^ 

ALGORISM. 7 /. Arabick words, uied 

ALGORITHM, i to imply the fcicnce . f 
numbers. Did, 

ALIAS, ad, A Latin word, fignifying other- 
wife j as, Mallet fl/;aj Malloch ; that is, 
ciherivife Malloch. 

A LIBLE. a. [altbilii, Latin.] Nutritive j 
nourilhing. D:£i, 

A'LIEN. a. [alienus, Lat.] 

r. Foreign, or not of the fame family or 
land. Dry din. 

2. Eftranged from ; not allied to, Rozer. 

A'LIEN. /. [alienu,, Lat.] 

1. Aforegnerj notadcnifon; aflranger. 

Da-vies, Addifon. 

2. In law. An alien is one born in a 
llrange country, and never enfranchifed. 

To A'LIEN. -v. a. [aliener, Fr. ali^KO, Lat.] 

1. To make any thing the property of 
another. Hak, 

2. To eftrange j to turn the mind or af- 
fei^ion. Clarendon. 

ALIENABLE, a. [from To alienate.] That 

of which the property may be transferred. 


To A'LIENATE. v. a. [aliener, Fr. alieno, 
Lat.] ' 

1. To transfeir the property of any thing 
to another. Bacon, 

2. To withdraw the heart or afTeflions. 

A'LIENATE. a. [alienatus, Lat,] With- 
drawn from 5 ftranger to. Swift, 
ALIENA'TION. /. [a/ienatio, Lat.] 

I. The a£t of transferring property, Acterb, 
z. The ftate of being alienated. 

3. Change of affedlion. Bacon, 

4. Diforder of the faculties. Hooker, 
To ALl'GHT. V. n. [alihtan. Sax.] 

1, To come down, Dryden. 

2. To fall upon. Dryden, 
ALI'KE. ad. ffrom a aRd like.] With re- 

femblance ; in the fame manner. Pope, 
A'LIMENT, /, [alimentum, Lat.] Nourifh- 

ment ; nutriment j food. Arbuthr.ot, 

ALIME'NTAL. a. [from aHment.] That 

which has the quality of aliment ; that 

which nourifhes. Brottin, 

ALIME'NTARINESS./. [froma'iWffrary.J 

The quality of being alimentary. DiS, 
ALIME'NTARY. a. [from aliment.] 

1 . That which belongs to aliment. Arbiitb, 

2. That which has the power of nourifli- 
ing. Arkuthnot, 

ALIMENT A'TION. /. [frotn aliment.] The 
quality of nourilhing. Bacon, 

ALIMO'NIOUS. a. [from a/Zmony.] That 
which nourifties. Harvey. 

A'LIMONY, /. [a'.imnn-a, Latin.] Legal 

ptoDortion of the hulband's eiiate, wh;ch, 

* E by 


by the fentence of the ecdefiaftical court, 
is allowed to the wife, upon the account 
of reparation. Hudibras, 

A'LIQUANT. a. [aHfuanius, Lat.] Parts 
of ajjumbsr, which, however repeated, 
v/ill never make up the number exaftly ; 
as, 3 is an aliquant of lo, thrice 3 being 
9, four times 3 making 12. 

A'LIQUOT. a. [aliquot, Latin.] Aliquot 
parts of any number or quantity, fuch as 
will exaclly meafure it without any re- 
mainder : as, 3 is an aliquot part of 12. 

A'LISH. a. [from a!c.'\ Refembling ale. 


ALl'VE. a. [from a and liveA 

1. In the ftate of life ; not dead. Dryd, 

2. Unextingui/hed ; undeflroyed ; aftive. 


3. Chearfu! ; fprightly. ClariJJa. 

4. It is ufed to add an emphafis ; the beji 
man aliire. Clarendon, 

A'LKAHEST. /. An univetfal dilFolvent, 
a liquor. 

ALKALESCENT, a, [from a/W/.] That 
which has a tendency to the properties of 
an alkali. Arhuthmt. 

A'LKALI. /. [The word alkali comes from 
an herb, called by the Egyptians kali ; by 
us glafswort.] Any lubftance, which, 
when mingled with acid, produces fer- 

A'LKALINE. a. [from alkali,'\ That which 
has the qualities of aikali. Arbuthnol, 

To ALK.A'LIZATE. -v. a. [from alkah.} 
To make bodies alkaline. 

ALKA'LIZATE. a. [from alkali.] That 
which has the qualities of alkali. Neivton. 

ALKALIZA'TION. /. [from alkalt.] The 
J(S of aikali zating. 

A'LKANET./, {Anchufa, Lat.] The name 
of a plant. Miliar. 

ALKEKE'NGI, f A medicinal fruit or 
berry, produced by a plant of the fame 
denomination j popularly alfo called •win- 
ter-cherry. C/:>ambers. 

ALKE'RMES, /. A confeftion, whereof 
the kermei berries are the bafis. Chambirs, 

ALL. W. [See All, -3.] 

i. Quite J coir.pktt-iy. Locke, 

2. Altogether; whoiiy, Dryden, 

ALL. a. [/¥A\, Sax.] 

1, The whole number J everyone. I'ilht, 

2. The whole quantity J every part. Lccke, 
ALL. /. 

1. The whole. Prior, 

2. Every thing. Sbakif[>»are, 
All is much ufed in compofition. 
ALL-BEARING, a, [from all and bear.] 

Omniparous. Pope, 

ALL-CHEERING, a, [from' alUnd cheer,] 
That which gives gayety to all. Shakeff. 
ALL-CONQUERING, a. That which fob- 
dues every thing, ^ Milton, 


ALL -DEVOURING, a. [from all and Je- 
•vour,] That which eats up every thing. 


ALLFOURS. /, [from all and four.] A 
low game at cards, plaved by two. 

ALL HAIL. /. [from all, and hail, for 
health.] All health. Waljh. 

ALL-HALLOWN./. [fromaZ/and hallow.] 
The time about Allfaints day. Shakefpeare. 

LOWN.] The term near Allfaints, or the 
firfi: of November. Bacon. 

ALL-HEAL. /. [Panax, Lat.] A fpecies 
of iron-wort, 

ALL- JUDGING, a. [from all zni judge.] 
That which has the fovereign right of 
judgment. Rowe. 

ALL KNOWING, a, [(torn all ani know.] 
Omnifcient ; all wife. Atterbury. 

ALL-SEEING, a, [from fl//and/ff.] That 
beholds every thing. Dryden. 

ALL SOULS DAY. /. The day on which 
fupplications are made for all fouls by the 
church of Rome; the fecond of Novem- 
ber. Shakefpeare, 

ALL-SUFFICIENT, a. [from all and fuf- 

ficient.] Sufficient to every thing. Hooker, 


ALL WISE. a. [from all and wife,] Pof- 
fefl of infinite wifdom. Prior, 

ALLANTO'JS, f. The tunick placed 
between the amnion and chorion. 


To ALLA'Y. -v, a. [from alloyen, Fr.j 

1. To mix one m^al with another, to 
make it fitter for coinage. In this fenfe, 
moft authors write s/Aj. See Alloy. 

2. To join any thing to another, fo as to 
abate its qualities. South, 

3. To quiet ; to pacify ; to reprefsi Wj^, 
ALL.VY, /. [alloy, Fr.j 

I. The metal of a bafer kind mixed in 
coins, to harden them, that they may 
wear lefs. Hudibras, 

z. Any thing which, being added, abates 
the predominant qualities of that with 
which it is mingled. Newton, 

ALLA YER. /. [from allay,] The perfon 
or thing which has the power or quality 
of allaying. Har'vey. 

ALLA'YMENT. / [from allay.] That 
which has the pov>er of allaying. Shake, p, 

ALLEGATION./, [(zom al ledge.] 

1. Affirmation ; declaration. 

2. The thing alledged or affirmed, Shjk. 

3. An exeufe ; a plea^ Pope. 
ToALLE'GE. -v.a. [allcgo, Lat.] 

1. To affirm ; to declare; to maintain. 

2. To plead as an exeufe J argument. 


ALLE'GEABLE. a. [from allege.] That 

which may be alleged, Brown. 



ALLE'GEMENT. /. [from allege.] The 
lame with allegaticn. 

ALLE'GER. /. [from j/%f.] He that al- 
leges. Boyle, 

ALLE'GIANCE. f. [alUgea>!C€, Fr.] The 
duty of fubjefls to the government. 


ALLE'GIANT. a. [from allege.'] Loyal j 
confoimable to ihe duty of allegiance, 


ALLEGO'RICK. a, [from al^gory.] Not 
real ; not literal. Mi/ton. 

ALLEGORICAL, a. [from al'egory.] In 
the form of an allegory ; not literal. Pope. 

ALLEGO'RICALLY. ad. [from allegory.] 
After an allegorical manner. Pope. 

To ALLEGO'RIZE. i>. a. [from allegory.] 
To turn into ailegory j to form an al- 
legory, Locke. 

A'LLEGORY. /. [dA?.rr,:.^U.] A figurative 
difcourfe, in which f .rnething other is in- 
tended, than is contained in the words li- 
terally tsken, Ben. yohnjon. 

ALLE'G^O. f. A word denoting a I'prightly 
motion. It originally means gay, as in 

ALLEWJAB. J. A word of fpiritual ex- 
ultation ; Praife God. Goij. of Tongue, 

To ALLE'VIATE. -v. a. [alle-vo, Lat.] To 
make light ; to eafe ; to foften. Bentley. 

ALLEVIATION. /. [from alle^viate.] 

1. The aft of making light. South. 

2. That by which any pain is eafed, or 
fault extenuated. Lode. 

A'LLEY. /. [alle'e, Fr.} 

1. A walk in a garden. Dryden, 

2. A paffage jn towns narrower than a 
flreet. Shakefpeare. 

ALLI'ANCE. /. [alliar.ce, Fr.] 

1. The ftate of conneftion with another 
by confederacy ; a league. 

2. Relation by marriage. Dryden. 

3. Relation by any form of kindred. Shak. 

4. The perfons allied to each other. Addif. 
ALLl'CIENCY. /. {allicio, Latin.] The 

power of attrafting. Glanville. 

To A'LLIGATE. -v. a. [alligo, Lat.] To 

tie one thing to another. 
ALLIGA'TION. /. [from alligate.] 

1. The aft of tying together. 

2. The arithmetical rule that teaches to 
adjurt the price of compounds, formed of 
fever. il ingredients of different value. 

ALLIGA'TOR. /. The crocodile. This 
name is chiefly ufed for the crocodile of 
America. Garth. 

ALLl'SION. /. [allido,allifum, Lat.] The 
aft of flriking one thing againft another. 

ALLOCATION. /. [alloco, Lat.] 

1. The aft of putting one thing to an- 

2. The admiflion of an article in reckon- 


ing, and addition of it to the accoaafe. 

ALLOCU'TION. /. [alloaido, Lat.] Ths 
aft of fpeaking to another. • 

ALLODIAL, a. [from allodium.] Not 
feudal ; independent. 

ALLO'DIUM. f. A poneflion held in ab- 
folute independence, without any acknow- 
ledgment of a lord paramount. There are 
no allodial l^nds in England. 

ALLO'NGE. /. [allonge, Fr.] A pafi or 
thruft with a rapier. 

To ALLOO. -v. a. To fet on ; to incite. 


A'LLOQUY. /. {alloquium, Lat.] The aft 
of fpeaking to another. Di6f, 

To ALLOT, -u. a. [from lot.] 

1. To diftribute by lot. 

2. To grant. Dryden, 

3. To diftribute ; to give each his /hare. 


ALLOTMENT./. [from^//or.] The part j 

the /hare. Roger, 

ALLOTTERY. /. [from allot.] That 

which is granted to any in a diftribution. 


To ALLCW. -v. a. [allouer, Fr.] 

1. To admit ; not to contradift. Lode. 

2. To grant ; to yield. Lecke. 

3. To permit. Shakefpeare. 

4. To authorize. Shakefpeare. 

5. To give to ; to pay to. Waller. 

6. To make abatement, or provifion. 

ALLO'WABLE. a. [from allow.] 

1. That which may be admitted without 
contradiftion. Bro'u.'n. 

2. Lawful ; not forbidden. Atterbury. 
ALLOWABLENESS. /. [from allo-wahle.] 

Lawfulnels ; exemption from prohibition. 
ALLO'WANCE. /. [from alloiv.] 

1. Admiflion without contradidlion, Locke. 

2. Sanftion j licence. Hook'.r, 

3. Permiflion. Locke, 

4. An appointment for any ufe. Bacon. 

5. Abatement from the ftrift rigour. 


6. Eftablifhed charafter. Shakefpeare, 
ALLO'Y. /. [See Allay.] 

1. Bafer metal mixed in coinage. Locke. 

2. Abatement ; diminution. Atterbury. 
To ALLUDE, -v. n. [alludo. Lit.] To 

have Tome reference to a thing, without 
the direft mention. Burnet. 

ALLU'MINOR. /. [allumer, Fr. to light.] 
One who colours or paints upon paper or 
parchment. Coivell. 

To ALLU'RE. -v. a. [leurer, Fr.] To en- 
tice to any thing. Milton. 

ALLU'RE. /. [from the verb.] Something 
fet up to entice birds. Hayivard. 

ALLUREMENT. /. [from allure.] En- 

ticement ; temptation. Dryden, 


A L M 

ALLU'RER./. [from allure.] Enticer] en- 

ALLU'RINGLY. ad. [from allure] la an 

alluring manner ; enticingly. 
ALLU'RIN'GNESS. /. [from alluring.] En- 

ticemeut J teinptatiun by propofing plea- 

ALLU'SION. /. [a//w/fo, Lat.] A hint; an 

implication. Burnet. 

ALLU'SIVE. a. [al'u^o, allujum, Lnin.] 

Hintifip at fomething. Roger. 

ALLU'.SlVtLY. ad. [from al/u/ife.] In an 

allufive manner. H~.inMond. 

ALLU'SJVENESS. /. [from allvffve.] The 

qiulii V of being allufive. 
ALLUVrON. /. {alluvio, Lat.] 

1. The carrying of any thing to feme- 
thing elfe by the motion of the water. 

2. The thing carried by water. 
To ALLY'. 'V. a. [alHer, Fr.] 

1. To unite by kindred, triendfliip, or 
confederacy. Pof>e. 

2. To make a relation between two things. 

Dry Jen. 
ALLY'. /. [allie, Fr.] One united by fome 
means of connexion. Tei/ple. 

ALMACA'NTEn. f. A circle drawn pa- 
rallel to the horizon. 
ALMACANTAR'S STAFF. /. An inftru. 
ment ufed to take obfervations of the fun, 
about the time of its rifing and fetting. 

A'LMANACK. /. [from al, Arabick, and 
(W>iv, a month.] A calendar. Dryden. 

ALMANDINE. f. [Fr. almandina, Ital.] 
A ruby coarfer and lighter than the ori- 
ental. D:n. 
ALMl'GHTINESS./. [from almighty. ]Om- 
nipotence ; one of the attributes of God. 
ALMI'GHTY. a. [from all and migbiy.] 
Of unlimited power ; omnipotent. Gencfis, 
A'LMOND. /. [amatid, Fr.] The nut of 
the almond tree. Locke. 
A'LMOND TREE. /. It has leaves and 
flowers very like thofe of the peach tree. 
A'LMONDS of the throat, or Tonsils, 
called improperly Almonds of the ears j 
are two round glands placed on the fides 
of the bafis of the tongue, under the com- 
mon membrance of the fauces. IVtfeman. 
A'LMOND FURNACE. / A peculiar kind 
of furnace ufed in refining. Cbamben. 
ALMONER. /. [elecniofynarius, Lit.] The 
officer of a prince, employed in the dif- 
tribution of charity, Drvdcn. 
A'LMONRY. /. [it om almoner.] The'place 

where alms are diftributed. 

ALMO'ST. ad. [iiomalUnAmoft.] Nearly; 

well nigh. Bentley. 

ALMS./. [eleemoJyna,Lii.] What is given 

in relief of the poor. Sit/ift. 


A'LMSBASKET. /. [from alniiin^hafiet.'\ 

The ba/ket in which provifions are put to 

be given away. U' Eflravge. 

A'LMSDEED. /. [from alms, and deed.] A 

charitable gitt. Skakejpetire. 

A'LMSCIVER. /. [from alms and giver.] 

He that fupports others by his charity. 

A'LMSHOUSE. /. [from alms and houfe.] 

An hofpital fur the poor. Popi^. 

A'LMSMAN. /. \_itcn\ alms zni man.] A 

man who lives upon alms. Shakejpearc. 
A'LMUG-TREE, /. A tree mentioned in 

fcript ire. 
A'LNAGAR. /. A meafure by the ell j a 

fworn officer, whofe bufinefs formerly was 

to inlpe(fl the affize of woollen cloth. DB. 
A'LNAGE. /. [from aulnage, Fr.J EU- 

meafure. DiSt. 

A'LNIGHT. /. Alnight is a great cake of 

wax, with the wick in the midft. Bacon. 
A'LOES. /. [C^nN.J 

1. A precious wood ufed in the Eaft for 
perfumes, of which the beft fort is of 
higher price than gold. Sa-vary. 

2. A tree which grows in hot countries. 

3. A medicinal juice extra£led not from 
the odoriferous, but the common aloes 
tree, by cutting the leaves, and expofing 
the juice that drops from them to the fun. 

ALOETICAL. a. [from aloes.] Confifling 
chiefly of aloes. Wifman. 

ALOFT, ad. [lofter, to lift up, Dan.] 
On high J in the air. Sucktivg. 

ALOFT, prep. Above. Milton. 

A'LOGY. /. [aXoy©-.] Unreafonablenefs j 
abfurdity. DM. 

ALONE, a. [alleen, Dutch.] 

1. Without another J fingle. Ben/ley. 

2. Without company j folitary. iiid/iey, 

ALO'NG. ad. [au longue, Fr.] 

1. At length. Drydtn. 

2. Through any fpace meafijred length- 
wife. Ba^oii. 

3. Forward j onward. Pope. 
ALO'NGS T. <jrf.Through the length. KnoUes. 
ALO'OF. ad. [all of, that is, ^uiie off.] 

At a diftance. Dryden. 

ALOUD, ad. [from a and /ca^.] Loudly j 
with a great noife. Waller. 

ALO'W. ad. [from a and low.] In a low 
place ; not alcft. Dryden. 

A'LPHA. /. The firft letter in the Greek 
alphabet, anfwering to our A j therefore 
ufed to fignify the firft. Re-velat. 

A'LPHABET. /. [from aX^a, alpha, and 
^rlct, beta, the two firft letters of the 
Greeks.] The letters, or elements of 
fpeech. Dryden, 

ALPHABE'TICAL. a. [hom alphabet.] Ac- 
cording to the feries of letters. Hwtft. 


ALPHABETICALLY, adv. [Uam alpha- 
betical.'\ According to the order of the 
letters. Holder. 

ALRE'ADY. ad. [from <z// and rw^.] At 
this prefent time. Pope. 

ALS. ad. [als, Dutch.] Alfo. Spenfer. 

A'LSO. ad. [from £j.7and_/o.J la the fame 
manner j likevvife. Burnet. 

A'LTAR. /. [altare, Ln. ] 

1. The place where offerings to heaven 
are laid. Dryden. 

z. The table in chriftian churches vvhere 
the communion is adminirtered. Sbak. 

A'LTARAGE. /. [altarjgium, Lat.] An 
emolument from oblations. A^litje. 

A'LRAR- CLOTH./, [from ahar and c:o^h.] 

ThecJoth thrown over the altar in churches. 


To A'LTER, -v. a. [alterer, Fr.] 

1. To change j to make otherwrife than 
it is. Siilltr.gjlea. 

z. To take off from a perfualion or fe£l. 

To A'LTER. V. r. To become otherwife 

than it was. 
A'LTERABLE. a. [from alt'-r ; alterable, 

Fr.] That which may be altered or 

changed. S-zuiff, 

A'LTERABLENESS. /, [from a/tcraile.] 

The quality of being alterable. 
A'LTERABLY. ad. [from afnraLIg.] In 

fuch a manner as may be altered. 
A'LTER ANT. a. [a.'tcranr, Fr.] That 

which has the power of producing changes, 

ALTERA'TION. /. [from alter ; aluru- 
tion, Fr.] 

I. The afl ef altering or changing. Hocker, 
a. The change fnade. Hooker, 

A'LTERATIVE. a. [from alter.-] Medi- 
cines called alterati-ve, are futh as have 
no immediate fenfible opcrition, but gra- 
dually gain upon the conilitution. 

Go'verrment of the Tovgue. 

ALTERCA'TION". /. [ altercatkv, Fr. ] 
Debate ; controveri'y. Huke-zvell. 

ALTE'RN. a. [alternus, Lat.] Afting by 
turns. Milton. 

ALTE'RNACY./. [from alternate,] A^ion 
performed by turns, 

ALRE'RNATE. a. [alternus, Lat.J Being 
by turn^ ; reciprocal. South. 

ALTE'RN ATE. /. [from alternate, a] 
Viciffitudc. Prior. 

To ALTE'RNATE. -v. a. [altemo Lat] 

1. To perform alternately. Milton. 

2. To change one thing for another re- 
ciprocally. Grew. 

ALTERNATELY, ad. [from alternate.] 
In reciprocal fuccefllon. Neivton. 

ALTE'RN ATEN ESS. /. [from alternate.] 
The quality of being alternate. Dili. 

ALTERNA'TION. /. [from alttrnate,] 

A M A 

The reciprocal fucceflion of things. Broivn. 

ALTE'RN ATI VE. /. [altematif, Fr] The 

choice given of two things ; fo that if 

one be rejected, the other muft be taken. 


ALTE'RNATIVELY. ad. [from alterna. 
ti-ve.] By turns ; reciprocally. Ayliffe. 

ALTE'RNATIVEMESS. /. [from altema- 
tii'e.] The quality or ftate of being alter- 
native. £)i^^ 

ALTE'RNITY. /. [from altem.] Reci- 
procai fucceflion ; viciffitude. Broiuv, 

ALTHO'UGH. con], [from «// and fio&^j. ] 
Notw.thrtanding j however. Swift. 

ALTI'LOQUENCE. /. [attui and Icquor, 
Lat.] Pompous language. 

ALTI'METRY. /. [altimetria, Lat.] The 
art of tak;ng or meafuring altitudes or 

ALTl'SONANT. a. [altifonu:, Lat.] High 
founding ; pompous in found. DiSl, 

A'LTITUDE. /. [altitudo, Lat.] 

1. Height of place J fpace meafured ur« 
ward. Dry den., 

2. The elevation of any of the heavenly 
bodies above the horizon. Braiun, 

3. Situation with regard to lower things. 


4. Height of excellence. Swft, 

5. Higbeft point. Shakejpeare, 
A'LTOGETHER. ad. [from all and toge- 
ther.] Completely ; without reftri6tion j 
without exception. Swift. 

ALUDEL. f. [from a and lutum.] A^udeh 
are fublimjng pots ufed in chemiftry, fitted 
into one another without luting, ^imy. 

A'LUM. /. \^alumen, Lat.] A kind of mi- 
neral fait, of an acid taiie, leaving in the 
mouth a fcnfe of fwcetnefs, accompanied 
with a corfiderable degree of aftringency, 

ALUM- STONE. /. A ftone or calx ufed 
in f irg-ry. JVifeman. 

ALU'MINOUS. a. [from alum.] Relating 
to alum, or corfifting of aJum. Wtjeman, 

A'LWAYS. aJ. [eallfp^ja, Sax.] 

I. Perpe'.ually ; throughout all time. Pop\ 
Z. Conftantly ; without variation. Drydcn. 

A. M. attium magijUr, or mafter of arts. 

AM. The fiift perfon of the verb to he. 
See To BE. Prior. 

AMABI'LITY. /. [fiom amaiilisy Latin.] 
Lovfiinefs. Taylor. 

AM.-lDE'TTO. f. A fort of pear. 

AMADOT. f. A fort of pear. 

AMA'IN. a^t. [from maine, or maisrne, old 
Fr.j With vehemence ; with vigour. 


AMA'LGAM. If. The mixture of me- 

AMA'LGAM.4. 5 tals procured by amal- 
gation. Boyle. 

To AMA'LGAMATE. -v. a. [from amal- 
gam,] To unite metals with quickfilver. 

A M B 

AMANDATION. /. [from amando, Lat.J 
The a£l of fending on a meflage. 

AMANUE'NSIS. f. [Lat.] A perfon who 
writes what another dilates, 

A'MARANTH. /. [amarantlus.] 

1. The name of a I'lant. 

2. In poetry, an imaginary flower. Milton. 
AMARANTHINE.^, [amarantbtnus, Lat.] 

Confiftingof amaranths. Fope. 

AMA'RITLTDE. /. [amaritudo, Lat.] Bit- 

ternefs. Har-vey. 

AMA'SMENT. /. [from amafs.l A heap ; 

an accurnuljtion. > Glani/ille, 

To AMA'SS. •?' a. [amafer, Fr.] 

1. To coUedl together into one heap or 
mafs. Atterbury. 

2. To add one thing to another. Fope. 
To AMATE. "v. n. [from a and mate.'\ To 

terrify ; to ftrike with horroiif. 

A'MATORY. a. [amatorius, Lat.] Relat- 
ing to love. Biamhal. 

AMAURO'SIS. J. [aixav^Lii.'] Adimnefsof 
fight, not from any vifible defedl in the 

' eye, but from feme diftemperature of the 
fnner parts, occafionir.g the reprefentations 
of flies and duft floating before the eyes. 

To AMxVZE. V. a, [from a and maze, per- 

1. To confufe with terrour, Exeilef. 

2. To put into confufion with wonder. 


3. To put into perplexity, Shakefpeare, 
AMA'ZE. /. [from the verb amaze-l Afto- 

uifhmentj confufion, either of fear or 

wonder. Muton, Dryder.. 

AMA'ZEDLY. ad. [from amaxed.] Con- 

fufedly ; with amazement. Macbeth. 

ftMA'ZEDNESS. /. [from amazed.'\ The 

ftate of being amazed ; wonder ; confufion. 
AMA'ZEMENT. /. [from amaze.] 

1. Confufed apprehenfion j extreme fear ; 
Jiorrour. Shakefpeare. 

2. Extreme deje£lion. Milton. 

3. Height of admiration. WaUer. 

4. Wonder at an uncxpefled event. ABi. 
AMA'ZING. farticip. a. [from amaxe.] 

Wonderful ; aftonifhing. Addifon. 

AMA'ZINGLY. ad. [from amazmg,'] To 
a degree that may excite aftonifhment. 

Amazon, f [aandjua^^,] The Ama- 
zons were a race of women famous for va- 
lour J fo called from their cutting off their 
breafts. A virago. Shakefpeare. 

AMBA'GES. f. [Lat.] A circuit of words ; 
a multiplicity of words. Locke. 

AMBASSA'DE. Embafly ; not inufe. Shake. 

AMBA'Sf^ADOUR. /. [ambejfadiur , Fr.] 
A perfon fent in a publick manner from 
one fovereign power to another. The per- 
fon of an aaibaffadour is inviolable. Dryden. 

A M B 

AMBA'SSADRESS. /. [ambaffadrice^ Fr.] 
I. The lady of an ambafliadour. 
2 A woman fent on a meflage. Rotve. 

A'MBASSAGE, /. [iiom ambajfadour .] An 
embafly, Bscon, 

A'MBER. /. [homambar, Arab.] A yel- 
low tranfparent fubftance of a gummous oi 
bituminous confiflence, but a refinous tafte, 
arid a fmell like oil of turpentine ; chiefly 
found in the Baltick fea. Addifon. 

A'MBER. a. Con(ifting of amber. Shakeff. 

AMBER-DRI'NK. /. Drink of the colour 
of amber. Bacon. 

A'MBERGRIS. /. [from amber znigris, cr 
grey.] A fragrant drug that melts almofl; 
like wax, commonly of a greyifli or afli 
colour, ufed both as a perfume and a cor- 
dial. It is found on the fea coafts of feveral 
warm countries, and on the weflern coafts 
of Ireland. Waller. 

AMBER-SEED, refembies millet. Chambers. 

AMBER-TREE. /. A flirub, whofe beauty 
is in its fmall evergreen leaves. Millar. 

AMBIDE'XT-ER. /. [Lat.] 

1. A man who has equally the ufe of both 
his hands. Brotun. 

2. A man who is equally ready to a&. on 
either fide, in party difputes, 

AMBIDEXTE'RITY./. [from ambidexter.] 

1. The quality of being able equally to ufe 
both hands. 

2. Double dealing. 
AMBIDEXTROUS, a. [from ambidexter, 


1. Having, with equal facility, the ufe of 
either hand. Fulgar Errours. 

2. Double dealing ; pradifing on both 
fides. U Eflrange. 

AMBIDE'XTROUSNESS. /. [from ambi- 
dextrous.] The quality of being ambi- 

A'MBIENT. a. [ambierts, Lat.] Surround- 
ing ; encompafling. Neivton, 

AMBIGU. f. [French.] An entertainment, 
confifting of a medley of diflies. •^'".g'' 

AMBIGU'lTY./. [fromambigusus.] Doubt- 
fulnefs of meaning j uncertainty of fig- 
nitication. South, 

ABMBI'GUOUS. a. [ambiguus, Lat.] 

1. Doubtful J having two meanings. 


2. Ufing doubtful expreflions. Dryd, 
AMBI'GUOUSLY. ad. [from ambiguous.] 

In an ambiguous manner ; doubtfully. 
AMBI'GUOUSNESS. /. [from ambiguous.] 

Uncertainty of meaning j duplicity of fig- 

AMBI'LOGY. /. [ambo, Lat. mAMy^.] 

Talk of ambiguous fignification. 
AMBI'LOQUOUS. a. [{:om ambo zniloquor, 

Lat.] Ufing ambiguous expreflions. 
A'MBIT. /. [ambitus, Lut.] Theccmpafs 

or circuit of any thing. Crew. 


A M B 

AMBITION. /. [aml>itio, Lat.] 

1. The defire of preferment or honour. 


2. The defire of any thing great or ex- 
cellent. Da-vies, 

AMBI'TIOUS. a. [ambitiofus, Lat.] Seized 
or togched with ambition ; defirous of ad- 
vancement ; afpiring. Arbuthnst on Coins,[fromfl»i^^/o«j.]WiLh 
eagernefs of advancement or preference. 
Dry den, 

AMBI'TIOUSNESS, The quality of being 

AMBI'TUDE. /. [ambio, Lat.] Compafs j 

To A'MBLE. -v. n. [ambler, Fr. ambulo, 

1. To move upon an amble j to pace. Dryd. 

2. To move eafily. Sbakafpeare. 

3. To move with fubmiflion, Roive. 

4. To walk daintily. Shakefpeare. 
A'MBLE. /. [from to amble,'] A pace or 

movement in which the horfe removes 
both his legs on one fide. 

A'MBLER. (■ [from to amble.] A pacer. 

A'MBLINGLY. ad. [from abmiing.] With 
an ambling movement. 

AMBROiSlA. f. [aij,0^o<7icL.'] 

I. The imaginary food of the gods. 
3. The name of a plant, 

AMBRCSIAL. a. [from ambro/ia,] Par- 
taking of the nature or qualities of ambro- 
fia ; delicious. Pope, 

A'MBRY. /. [Corrupted from almonry.] 

1. The place where alms are diftributed. 

2. The place where plate, and utenfils for 
houfekeeping, are kept. 

AMBS-ACE. /. [ftomambo, Lat, and aire.] 
A double ace. Bramh, 

AMBULA'TION./. [ambulatio, L^t.] The 
aft of walking. Broivn, 

A'MBULATORY. a, [ambulo, Lat. J 
I. That which has the power or faculty of 
walking. H-^ilkins. 

a. That which happens during a paflTage 
or walk. JVotton, 

3. Moveable. 

A'MBURY. /. A bloody wart on a horfe's 

AMBUSCA'DE. /. [embuJcade,Tr.] A pri- 
vate ftation in which men lie to furprife 
others. Addifor. 

AM.'&yJSCA.'DO. f.[embofcada, Span.jA pri- 
vate poft, in order to furprife. Shakefpeare. 

A'MBUSH. /. [embujche, Fr.] 

1. The poft where folJiers or aflaflins are 
placed, in order to fall unexpe£tedly upon 
an enemy. Dryden. 

2. The aft of furprifing another, by lying 
in wait. Milton. 

' 3. The ftate of lying in wait. Hayward. 

4. The perfons placed in private ftations. 


A M I 

A'MBUSHED. a. [fuom ambufi.] Placed ai 
• ambulh. Dryden, 

AMBU'SHMENT. /. [homambufi.] Am- 

bu(h J furprize. Upenftr. 

AMBU'STION. /. [ambuJ}io,Lzt.] A burn } 
a fcald. 

A'MEL, /. [email, Fr.] The matter with 
which the variegated works are overlaid, 
which we call enamelled. Boyle. 

AME'N. a. [Hebrew.] A term ufed in de- 
votions, by which, at the end of a prayer, 
we mean, fo be it, at the end of a creed, 
fo it is. Sbahlpeare. 

AME'NABLE. a. [amcfnable, Fr.] Ref- 
ponfible J fubjeft fo as to be liable to ac- 
count. Dawes, 

A'MENANCE. /. [itQmamener,YT,] Con- 
duft j behaviour. Upenfer. 

To AMEND, "t/. a. [amender, Fr.] 

I. To correftj to change any thing that 
is wrong, 

a . To reform the life. yeremiah, 

3. To reftore paffages in writers which the 
copiers are fuppofed to have depraved. 

To AME'ND. -u. n. To grow better. Sidney. 

AMEiNDE. f. [French.] A fine, by which 
recompenfe is fuppofed to be made for the 

AME'NDMENT. /. [amendement , Fr.] 

1. A change from bad for the better. Ray. 

2. Reformation of life. Hooktr, 

3. Recovery of health. Shskifpeare, 

4. In law, the correftion of an errour com- 
mitted in a procefs, 

AME'NDER, /. [from amend.] The per- 
fon that amends any thing. 

AME'NDS. /, [amende, Fr.] Recompenfe; 
compenfation. Raleigh. 

AME'NITY, /. [amenise, Fr. amcenitas, 
Lat.] Agreeablenefs of lituation. Brown. 

To AME'RCE. -v. a. [amsrcicr, Fr.] To 
punifh with a fine or penalty. Miiton. 

AME'RCER. /. [from amerce.] Hethatfet* 
a fine upon any mifdemeanour. 

AME'RCEMENT. /. [from amerce.] The 
pecuniary punishment of an offender. 


AMES-ACE. /. [ambs ace.] Two aces oa 
two dice. Dryden. 

AMETHO'DICAL.a. [from a and method,^ 
Out of method j irreg'jlar. 

A'METHYST. /. [a.uE.^i;,-©'.] A preci- 
ous ftone of a violet colour, bordering on 
purple. The oriental amethyfi is the moft 
valuable. Savary. 

A'METHYSTINE. a. [(tomameihy/l,] Re- 
fembling an amethyft. 

A'MIABLE. ^. [aimable, Fr.J 

1. Lovely ; pleafing. Hooker. 

2. Pretending love j /hewing love. Shakefp, 
A'MIABLENESS. /. [from amiable.] Lovt- 

linefs ; power of raifing love. Addifsv, 

A'MIABLY, ad. [from amiable.] S.>ch a 

manner as to cscite love, AM- 

A M O 

A'MICABLE. a. [amicabUii, Lat.] Friend- 
ly ; kind. Pope. 

A'MICABLENE^S. /, [from amicabW^ 
Friendl'. efs } goodwill. 

A'MICABLY. ad. [from amicable.] In a 
friendly way. Prior, 

A'MICE. [amia, Fr.] The firfV or under- 
molt partof aprieft'shabit, fver which he 
wears the alb. Paradije Reg. 

AMmst.^^^^^ [from, and ./^.] 

I. In themidft ; middle. Farad:fe Lofi. 

a. Mingled with \ fuvrounded by. Drydcn. 

3. Amongft. Add'jon. 

AMl'SS. ad. [a and w;/j] 

I. F<iu!tily ; criminally. Jddijon. 

a. In an ill fenfe. Fairfax. 

3. Wrong; notaccording to thf p':rtettion 
of the thing. Drydtn. 

4. Impaired in health. 
AMI'SSION. /. [(itfJffw, Lat.] Lofs. 

To AMI'T. 1/. a. [amnio, Lat.] To lofe. 


A'MITY. /. [amitie, Fr.] Friendlhip. i'cni-. 


GUM AMMONIAC is brought from the 
Eaft Indies, and is fuppofed to ooze from 
an umbelliferous plant. 

S/IL AMMONIAC is a volatile fait of two 
kinds. The ancient was a native fait, ge- 
nerated in inns where pilgrims, coming 
from the temple of Jupiter Ammon, ufed 
to lodge} who, travelling upon camels, 
urining in the ftables, out of this uvine, 
arofe a kind of fait, denominated Anrno- 
r.iac. The modern fal ammoniac is en- 
tirely faftitious, and made in Egypt ; with 
foot, a little fea fait, and the urine of cattle. 
Our chymifts imitate the Egyptizn/a/a^i- 
.moniar, by adding one part ot common la It 
to five of urine j with which fome mix 
that quantity of foot. 

AMMONl'ACAL. a. [ from ammoniac. ] 
Having the properties of ammoniac fait. 

AMMUNITION. /. [amomtio.] Military 
ftores. Clarendon. 

AMMUNITION BREAD./. Bread for the 
fupply of the armies. 

A'MNESTY. /. [ajMns-ria.'] An ad of ob- 
livion. SiL'ift. 

yi'MNION.! [Lat.] The innermoft mem- 

A'MNIOS. 5 brane with which the fistus 
in the womb is immediately covered. 

AMC'MUM. f. [Lat.] A fort of fruit. 

-^^^R'i?^;^ I fep. [amans, Saxon.] 

AMONGST. 5 ^ ^ "- *' ^ 

I. Mmgled with. Paradije Lo/i. 

1. Conjoined with others, fo as to make 
part of the number. Addjfon. 

A'MORIST. /. [from amour."] An inamo- 
rato ; a gallant. ■S^^'- 


I. Enamoured, Stahfpeare, 


2. Naturallyinclined to love; fond. Prior. 

3. B. longing to iove. fFaller, 
A'MOROUSLV. «</. [hom amorous.] Fond- 
ly; lovingly. Donne. 

A'MOROUSNESS./. [{xom amorous.] Fond- 

nefs ; lovingnefs. Boyle. 

AMO'RT. ad. [a la mart, Fr.] Depreffed ; 

fpiritlefs. Shakefpeare. 

AMORTIZA'TION. 7 f. [amorrijement.] 
AMO'RTIZEMENT. S The right or att 

of translrrring lands to mortmam. Ayliffe. 
To AMO'RISE. -v. a. [amortir, Fr.] To 

alien lands or tenements to any corporation, 
To AMOVE. V. a. [amorw, Lat.] 

1. To remove froin a port or ftation. 

2. To remove ; to move j to alter. 

Fairy ^eer. 

To AMO'UNT. -v. «. [monter, Fr.] To 
rife to in the accumulative quantity. 


AMO'UNT. /. The fum total. Thomjov. 

AMO'UR. /. [amorc, Fr.] An affair of gal- 
lantry ; an intrigue. South. 

AMFHI'BIOUS. /J. [a>4)iand^i'(^.] That 
which can live in twoelements. Artuthrot. 

AMPHI'BIOUSNESS. /. [from am{.hihi. 
ous.] The quality of being able to live in 
different elements. 

AMPHIBOLO'GICAL. a. [from amphibo- 
logy.] Doubtful. 

AMPHIBOLO'GICALLY. ad. [from am- 
phibological] Doubtfully. 

AMPHIBO'LOGY. /. [a,«<;.;SoX<!>,.'a.] Dif- 
courfe of uncertain meaning. Glanville, 

ArvIPHI'BQLOUS. a. [a^^i and ^a'^Xw.] 
Toffed from one to another. Hoivelt. 

AMPHISBAL'NA. f. [Lat. a>;3aiv«.] 
A ferpent fuppofed to have two heads. 

AMPHI'SCII. f. [L3t. aV4,.'£rxioi.] Peo- 
ple dwelling in climates, wherein the 
fhadows, at different times of the year, 
fall contrary ways. 

AMPHITHE'ATRE. /. [of «><f(9£'aTf jv.] A 
building in a circular or oval form, hav- 
ing its area encompaffed with row of feats 
one above another. Dryden. 

A'MPLE. a. [ampins, Lat.] 

I. Large; wide; extended. Thomfar.. 

J. Great in bulk. Shakefpeare.. 

3. Unlimited; without reftriflion. 

A. Liberal; large; without parfimony. 

5. Large ; fplendid. Clarendon. 

6. Diffufive ; not confrafled. 
A'MPLENESS./. [dom ample.] Largenefs ; 

fplendour. South. 

Tj A'MPLIATE. v. a. To enlarge; to 

extend . Broivn, 

AMPLIATION. /. [from ampliate.] 

J. Solargenient j exaggeration, ^y^'fff. 
a. Diff- 


t. Dlffufenefs. Holder. 

To AMPLI'f ICATE. ■v. a. {ampUJiio, Lat.j 

To enl.nge ; to amplify. 
AMPLIFICATION. /. [arr.pUJicatiQn, Fr.] 

I. Enidrgenient ; extenfjon, 

■Z, Exaggerated reprefentation. Pcpc. 

A'MPLIFIER. /, [trom To amplify.] 0,ie 

that exaggerates, Sidney. 

To A'Mi^LIf Y. -v. a. lamphficr, Fr.J 

I, To enlarge. Bacon, 

■z. To exiggerate any thing, D'-oies. 

3. To improve by new additions. f'Patts, 
To A'MPLIFY, -v. n. 

I. Tolay one'sfelfoutindifFufion. Watts. 

z. To f-5inn pompous reprefentations. Fope. 
A'MPLITUDE. /. {amplitude, Fr.] 

1. Extent. G'an'viUe. 

2, Largenefs; greatnefs, Bacor.. 

3. Capacity, Paradife Regained, 

4, Splendour j grandeur. Bjcon. 
e, Copioufnefb j abun>lance. Pf^Jtts. 
b. yiinpiiiude,m ztlronomy, inarch of the 
horizon, inteicepted between the true eaft 
and weft point thereof, and the centre of 
the fun or ftar at its rifing or fetting, 

A'MPLY. ad. [ample, Lat.] 

I. Largely ; liberally. ^tterbury. 

a. At large i Without referve. Par. Lojl, 
3. Cop oufiy ; with a diftufive detail, 


To A'MPUTATE. v. a. [amputo, Lat.J 
To cut oft' a limb. J^FiJeman. 

AMPUTA'TION./. [amputaiio,l.ii] The 
operation of cutting oft" a limb, or other 
part of the body. Bro'iun. 

A'MULET. /. \amuhtte, Fr.] An appended 
remedy : a thing hung about the neck, 
for preventing or curing. B'0%in. 

To.AMU'SE. f. a. [arrufer, Fr.] 

1, To entertain with tranquility, Wa^Jh, 

2. To draw on from time to time. 
AMLfSEMENT. /. \amuj,ment, Fr.] That 

which amufes; entertainment. Rogers. 
. AMU'SER, /. [amufeur, Fr.J He that 

AMU'SIVE. ad.[ftomamufe.] That which 

has the power of amufing. Tkcmjon. 

AMY'GDALATE. ad. [amygdala, Lat] 

Made of almonds, 
AMY'GDALINE, a. [amygdala, Lat.] Re- 

fembling almonds. 
AN. article, [ane, Saxon.] 

1. One, but with lefs emphafis. Locke, 

2. Any, or feme. Locke, 
A'NA. ad. [avtt.J A word ufed in the pre- 

fcriptions of phyfick, impoiting the like 
quantity, Co%i>lev, 

A'NA. f. Books fo called from the laft fyfi- 
ables of their titles ; as, Scjligerana. 

ANACA'MPTICK. a. [avaxa/xTrla-.] Re- 
flecting, or reflected. 

ANACA'MTICKS. /. The doariae of K« 
fleiled light, or catoptricks. 


ANACATHA'RTICK./, Any medicine tfca« 

works upwards. 

ANA'CHORETE. 7 [dvaxco^jT»^.]Amonk, 
ANA'CHORJTE. 5 wh.., leaves the con- 
vent for a morelolitary life. 
ANA'CHROMSM: /, [from aW and 
Xi-'^®^] An errour in coinputirrg time. 


ANACL.-\'TICKS. /. fav^'anditXaa-.j The 
d' dlrine of refiaifted light; dioptricks. 

ANADIPLC'SIS.J. [.'v:.feX=.-C.c.] Redup- 
lication ; a fieure in rhetorick. 

ANAGOGE'TICAL, a. [ava>.<»;>.] That 
which contributes or relates to fpiritual 

A'NaGRAM. /. [ava andj^aw^a.] A con- 
ceit arifingfr m he letters of a name tranf- 
pofed J 3LSthK,ofW,i,l,Li,a,m, N,o,y, 
attorney general to Charles I. a very la- 
borious man, I moyl in laiu. Hcivcl. 

ANAGRA'MMATISM.y. [from an^gram.l 
The a6l or praftice of making anagrams. 

ANAGRA'MMATIST. / [horn. anagram.\ 
A maker of anagrams. 

To ANaGR.VMATIZE. -v. n. [anagram- 
ruatifer, Fr.] To make anagrams. 

ANALE'PTICK.. a, [avaXflVli^®-.] Com- 
forting ; corroborating. ^iticy. 

ANALO'GICAL. a. [hom analogy.] Uled 
by way of analogy, PFatts, 

ANALC'GICALLY. ad. [from analogical.} 
In an analogical m-nner j in an analogous 
manner. Ckeyne, 

ANALO^GICALNESS /. [from analogical.] 
The quality of being analogical. 

To ANA'LOGIZE. -v. a. [from analogy ] 
To explain by way of analogy. Cheyne. 

AN.VLOGOUS. a. [a'vaand Ao,©-.] Hav- 
ing anilogy ; having fomething parallel. 

ANA'LOGY, /. [ivuXoyia.'] 

I. Refemblance between things with re- 
gard to fome circumftances or efiedls. 

a. By grammarians, it Is ufed to fignify 
the agreement of feveral words in one com- 
mon mode ; as, Iwe, hzed, bate, katcd^ 
ANA'LYSIS. /, [a'vaXi^o-if.] 

1. A reparation of a compound body nto 
the feveral parts, Arhuthtiat, 

2. A confiaeration of any thing in parts. 


3. A f^lution of any thing, whether cor- 
poreal or mental, to its firft elements. 

ANALY'TICAL. a. [from analyfts.] 

1. That which refolves any thing into fi; A 
principles. Boyle, 

2. That which proceeds by analy/ls. 


ANALYTICALLY, ad. [(xovn analytical.] 

In luch a manner as feparales compounds 

JF ixte 



into fimples. The manner of refolving 
compounds into the fimple conftituent or 
component parts. Hudihras, 

To A'NALYZE. -v. a, [ayaXuaJi.] To re- 
folve a compound into its firiT: principles. 


A'NALYZER. /. [from To analyze.] That 
which has the power of analyzing. Boyle. 

ANAMORPHO'SIS. J. [avci and juoj^xjaj.] 

ANA'TOMY. /. \dvcCioixU.'] 

1. The art of dilTefting the body. Pipe, 

2. The dodrine of the ftrufture of the 
body. Drydi-n, 

3. The S'fl of dividing any thing. Bacon, 

4. A fkeieton. Shakefpeare, 

5. A thin medgre perfon, Hhahffieare, 
A'NCESTOR, /. [anc.flre, Fr,] One from 

whom a perfon defcends* Dryden, 

Deformation; perfpeftive projedion, fo A'NCESTREL. Oi \_Uom anteJior.'\ Ciaim- 
that at one point of view, it fhall appear ed from anceftors* Hale, 

deformed, in another, an exadl reprefen- A'NCESTRY. /. [from anceftor.'\ 

ANJINAS. f. The pine apple, Thomfon. 
ANA'PHORA. /. [aW^-o^a.] A figure, 
when feveral claufes of a fentence are be- 
gun with the fame word. 
A'NARCH. /. An author of ccnfufion. 

ANA'RCHIAL. a. [from anarchy.] Con- 
fufed J without rule. Cheyne, 

A'NARCHY. /. [ava^x'''-] Want of go- 
vernment J a liate without magiftracy. 

ANASA'RCA. J. [from am and 'sra^^] A 
fort of dropfy, where the whole fubftance 
is ftuiFed with pituiious humours. 

ANASTOMO'SIS. f. [from dm and r»//.a. j 

The incfculation of veffels, 
ANA'STROPHE. [d:a^^o<p^.'\ A figure 
whereby words which ftiould have been 
precedent, are poftponed. 
ANA^THEMA. /. [ava^sfxa.] A curfe 
pronounced by ecckfiaftical authority. 

ANATHEMA'TICAL. a. [from anathe- 
ma, ] That which has the properties of an 
ANATHEMA'TICALLY. ad. [from ana- 
thematical.] In an anathematical manner. 
To ANATHE'MATIZE. -v. a. [from ana. 
tbema.] To pronounce accurfed by eccle- 
Caftical authority. Hamvwnd. 

ANATI'FEROUS. a. [from anai and fcro, 
Lat.] Producing ducks. Brctin. 

ANA'TOCISM. •/. [atiaiocifmus, Lat. 
avaloKia-y.i;.] The accnmulation of in- 
tereft upon intereft, 
ANATO'MICAL. a. [from anatomy.'] 
J. Relating or belonging to anatomy. 


a. proceeding upon principles taught in 

anatomy, Sivift. 

ANATO'MICALLY, ad. [from anatomical.] 

In an anatomical manner. ~ 

ANA'TOMIST. /. [avalojuJ?.] 

I, Lineage 3 a feries of anceilors. Pope, 
t. The honour of defcent ; birth. Addifon. 

A'NCHENTRY. [from ancient.] Anl.-- 
quity of a family. ^ Sbakejpcare, 

A'NCHOR. /. \_andora, Lat.] 

1, A heavy iron, to hold the fiiip, by be- 
ing fixed to the ground. Dryden, 
%. Any thing which confers fiabillty. 


To A'NCHOR. -v. r. [from anchor.] 

1. To call anchor j to lie at anchor. 


2. To flop at ; to reft on. Shahjpeare, 
A'NCHOR. Anchoret, an abrtemious re- 
el u fe. Skakejpeare, 

A'NCHOR-HOLD. /. [from , anchor and 

1. The hold or faftnefs of the anchor. 

2. The fet of anchors belonging to a fljip. 

A'NTCHORED. parti, a. [from To anchor.'^ 

Held by the anchor. JValler, 

A'NCHORET. 7 /. [contrafted from ana- 
A'NCHORITE. % choret, d:ax_:->i^ln^.] A 

reclufej a hermit. Sprat, 

ANCHO'VY. /. [from ancho-va.] A little 

fea-fi/h, much ufed by way of fauce, or 

feafoning. Floyer, 

A'NCIENT. a. [ancien, Fr.] 

I. Old ; not modern. 

a. Old } that has been of long duration. 

3. Part ; former. Shakefpeare. 

A'NCIENTS. /. Thofe that lived in old 

times, oppofed to the moderns. 
A'NCIENT ./. The flag or ftreamer of a fhip. 
A'NCIENT. /. The bearer of a flag, as 

was Ancient Pijiol, Shakefpeare^ 

A'NCIENTLY. fl^. [itom ancient.] In old 

times. Sidney. 

A'NCIENTNESS. / [from ancient,] Anti- 

quity. Dryden. 

Broivn. A'NCIENTRY. /. [from ancient.] The 
He that honour of ancient lineage. Shakefpeare, 

ftudies the ftrufture of animal bodies, by A'NCONY. /. A bloom wrought into the 

means of diffeftion. Prior, figure of a flat iron bar. Chambers. 

To ANA'TOMIZE. V. ij. Idvali/Avc^,] AND. conjunlticn. The particle by which 

1. To diffedl an animal. Hooker. fentences or terms are joined. 

4. To lay any thing open diftinftly, and A'NDIRON. Irons at the end of a fire-grate, 

by minute parts. Shakefpeare, in which the fpit turns. Bacon.. 

5 . ANDRO'- 

A N G 

ANDRO'GYNAL. a. [from a'v^!; and yJin.] 

ANDROGYNALLY. aJ. [from anirogy. 

tra/.J With two fexes. 
^NDRO'GTNUS.J. [See Androg ynal.] 

An h^imaphrodue. 
A'NECDOTE. /. [d:iMov.] Something yet 

imjiubliihed ; fecret hiftory. Prior. 

ANEMO'GRAPHY. /. [av£,uo,- and j-j ~^4;.J 

The defcription of the winds. 
ANEMO'METER. /. [«ve.«o; and /xs'r.-.v.] 

An infttument contrived to meafure the 

ANE'MONE. f. [fiv£/c/.a;v».] The wind 

flower, Mdlar, 

ANEMOSCOPE./, [avs^o? and o-xo'uo;.] 

A machine inveated Co forecel the changes 

of the wind. Cbamben, 

ANE'NT. prep. Scotch. 

1. Concerning ; about. 

2. Over againft J oppofite to. D!fJ, 
ANES. y. The fpires nr beards of corn. Di.'i. 
A'NEURISM. /. [d-rcvcu^^i,.] A difeafe of 

the arteries, in which they become ex- 
ci'fljvely dilated. Sharp. 

ANE VV. ad. [from a and neiu.J 

1. Over again ; another time. Prior. 
a. Newlv ; in a new manner. Pogers, 

ANFRA'ctuOUSNESS. /. [from anfrac- 
tucus.J Fulnefs of windings and turnings. 

A'NGEl. /. ["AjJsXsf.] 

I. Originally a meflenger. A fpirit em- 
ployed by God in human affairs. Loch. 
z, y^ngel is fometimes ufed in a bad fenfe j 
as, angels if darknefs. Re-velatiom, 

3. Angel, in fcripture, fometimes means 
man of God. 

4. In theflileof love, a beautiful perfon. 


5. A piece of money anciently coined and 
jmprefTed with an angel j rated at ten 
Aillings, Bacon, 

A NGEL. a. Refembling angels. Pope, 

A'NGELSHOT. /. [from angel and pot.'] 
Chnn Ihot. DiB. 

ANGELICA. /. [Lat. ab angelica w'riute.] 
The name of a pisnt. Millar, 

ANGE'LICAL, a. [j-igelicus, Lat.] 

1. Refembling angeis. Raleigh. 

%, Partaking of the nature of angels. 

3, Belonging to angels, Wiikins.^ 

ANGE'LIC ALNESS. /. [frcm angelical.] 
Excellence more than human. 

ANGE'LICK. a, [angelicutf Lat.] Angeli- 
cal ; above human. Pope, 

A'NGELOT. /. A mufical inftrument, 
fomewhat refembling a lute. Dift, 

ANGER. /. [an^er, Saxon.] 

I. A"g'f is uneafinefs upon receipt of any 
injury. Locke, 

£. Smart of a forco lemple. 

A N I 

To ANGER. 1/. a, [from the noun.] To 
provoke ; to enrage. Clarendon, 

A'NGERLY. ad. la an angry manner, i^hak. 

ANGIO'GRAPHY, /, [f.-om dyhXoy and 
ysa.'p-j}.] A defcription of veflels in the 
human body, . 

ayfiTov, fx.6;o;, and a-Tri^fjia.] Such plants 
as have but one fingle feed in the feedpod. 

A'NGLE. /. [angle, Fr.J The fpace inter- 
cepted between two lines interfefting eacli 
6ther. Stone, 

A'NGLE. /. [•ifigel, German.] An inftru- 
ment to take fi(h, confifting of a rod, a 
line, and a hook, Pepe, 

To A'NGLE. -v. V, [from the noun.] 

1. To fifh with a rod and hook. IValler, 

2. To try to gain by fome infinuating ar- 
tifices, Sbakefpeare. 

A'NGLE-ROD. /. [angel roede, Dutch.j 
The ftick to which the line and hook are 
liiing. Addifcn. 

A'NGLER. /. [from angle.] He that filhea 
with an angle, Dryden. 

A'NGLICISM, /, [from anglus, Lat.J An 
Englifh idiom, 

A'NGOBER. /. A kind of pear. 

A'NGRILY. ad. [from angry.] In an angry 
manner. Sbakefpeare. 

A'N'GRY. a. [from anger.] 

1. Touched with anger. Genefii, 

z. Having the appearance of anger. Prcv, 

3. Painful 5 inflamed. JVifeman, 
A'NGUISH. /. [angolfe, Fr,] Exceffive 

pain either <if mind or body. Donne, 

A'NGUISH ED. a. [from angxijh.] Excef- 

fively pained. Donne, 

ANGULAR, a. [from angle.] Having 

angles or corners. Neiuton, 

ANGULA'RITY. /. [from angular.] The 

quality of being ancular. 
A'NGULARLY, ad, X^om angular.] With 

angles. , Boyle, 

A'NGULARNESS. /. [(torn angular.] The 

quality of being angular. 
A'NGULATED. a. [from angle.] Formed 

with angles, Woodivard, 

ANGULO'SITY. /. [from anguious.] An- 
gularity. DiSf, 
A'NGULOUS. a, [from angle.] Hooked j 

angular. Glanville. 

ANGU ST. a. [anguftus, Lat.] Narrow j 

(trait. Dia, 

ANGUSTA'TION. /. [from angujiui.] The 

adl of making narrow j the ftate of being 

narrowed. Wijeman, 

ANHELA'TION. /. [anhelo, Lat.] The 

a(ft of panting, 
ANHELO'SE. a, {anbelus, Lat.] Out of 

breath, Di£f, 

A'NIENTED. a. [anneantir, Fr.] Fruf- 



A N K 

ANl'GHTS. ad. {from a for j/, and n/jr^f.] 

Ill ihe nighc time. Shjkcjpeare. 

A'NIL. / The flirub from whofe leaves and 

ftalks i'-'Higo is prepared. 
ANI'LENESS. 7 /. [aml,tas,Ln.'\ The old 
ANI'LI TY. ^ age of women, 
A'NIMABLE. a. [from animate.] That 

which may be put into life. DiB, 

ANIMADVERSION. /. [ animadverjio, 


1. Reproof; fevere cenfure. Clarerdor , 

2. Pr.nidiment. Siuifi, 
ANIMADVE'RSIVE. a. [from animad- 
vert.] Thit has the power of judging. 

To ANIMADVE'RT. -v. n. [awmad-verto, 
I. To pafs cenfures upon. Drydev, 

3. T infi>-t Duni(hment£. Grew, 
ANIMADVE'RTER. /. [iromammadvert.] 

He that pafl'es tenfures, or inflidts ponifh- 
menfs. South. 

A'NIMAL. /. \a>jim:il, Lat.] 

1. A living creature corporeal, Ray. 

2. By way of contempt, we fay a flupid 
man is a ftupni animal. 

A'NIMAL a. [^aiumalis, Lit.] 

I. Thit which belongs or relates to ani- 
mals. Watts. 
1. Animal is ufcd in oppofition to fpi'irual, 

ANIM.VLCULE. /, [animalculum, L^itrn.] 
A fmall Ray. 

ANIMAL! rV,/. [homaninial.] The ftaie 
of animni exiftcnce. Watts, 

To A'NIMATE. V. a, [animo, Lit.] 

1. To quicken ; to m^ke alive. 

2. To give powers to. D'yden. 
•5. To encourage ; to incite. Kncl'es. 

A'NIMATE. a. [fxomTo animate,] Alive; 

ponVlfing animal life. Bentley. 

ANIMATED, part, a, [ ftom animate.] 

Lively ; vigorous. i'ope. 

ANIMA'TION. f, [from animate.] 

1. The adt of animating or enUvening, 


2. The ftate of being enlivened. 
ANIMATIVE. a. [from animate,] That 

has the power of giving life, 

ANIMA'TOR. /. [from animate.] That 
which gives life. Brcivn. 

ANIMO'SE. a. [animofus, Luin.] Full of 
fpirit ; hot. DifJ. 

ANIMO'SITY. /. [animoJ!t>j<, Lat.] Ve. 
hemence of hatred ; paiTionate malignity. 

Swift . 

A'NISE. /• [antrum, Lnin,] A fpecies of 
apium or parfley, with large fweet fcented 
feeds. Millar. 

A'NKER. /. [anckir, Dutch.] A liquid 
nieafure the fourth part of the awm, and 
contains two ftek.ins : e;fchflekan confifts 
of fixteen mengles ; the mengle being 
e<jual to two ol our wine ijuarts. Cbamkrs, 


A'NKLE, /, [ancle, p, Saxon.] The joint 

which joins the -foot to the leg. Prior. 

A'NKLE-BONE. /. [from ankle sni hne.] 

The bone of the ankle. Peacham. 

A'NNALIST. /, [from annals.] A writer 

of annals. Atterbury. 

A'NNALS. /. {^annates, Latin.] Hiftories 

digeft'd in theexad order of time. Rogers. 
A'NNATS. /. [annates, Lat.] Firft fruits. 

To ANNE'AL. ii. a. [selan, Saxon.] 

1. To heat glafs, that the colours laid on 
it may pierce thiough. Dryden, 

2. To heat any thing in fuch a manner 
as to give it the true temper. 

To ANNE'X. 1;. tf. [annet:io, annexum,'L2.K,] 

1. To unite to at the end. 

2. To unite a fmaller thing to a greater. 

ANNE'X, /. [from TV annex.] The thing 
annexed. ffrown. 

ANNEXATION, /. [from annex-] 

1. Conjunftion ; addition. Hammond. 

2. Union ; coalition ; conjunftion. Ayliff''. 
ANNE'XTION. /. [from annex.] The adt 

of annexing. Rogers, 

ANN E'XMENT. /. [fmm annex.] 

1. The aft of annexing. 

2. The thing annexed. Shahefpeare. 
ANNI'HILABLE. a. [from annihilate,^} 

That whiih may be put out cf exiftence. 
To ANNI'HILATE. 'v. a. [ad and nihilum, 

Lat. J 

I. To reduce to nothing. Bacon. 

- 2- To deftroy, Raleigh, 

■5. To annul. Hooker. 

ANNIHILA'TION. /. [from annihilate.] 

The a£l of reducing to nothing j the flate 

of being reduced to nothing. Drydcn. 

ANNIVE'^RSARY. /. [anni-verfarius,L2.t.] 

1. A day celebrated as it returns in the 
courfe of the year. Stillingjieet. 

2. The aft of celebration of the anniver- 
farv. , Dry den. 

ANN'IVE'RSARY, a, [annl-Tjerfarius, Lat.] 
Returning with the revolution of the 
year ; annual. Ray, 

A'NNO DOMINI. [Latin.] In the year of 
our Lord ; as, anno domini, or A. D. 
17^1 ; that is, in the feventeen hundred 
and fifty firft year from the birth of our 

A'NNOLIS. f. An American animal, like 
a lizard. 

ANNOTA'TION. /. [annetatio, Lat,] Ex- 
plication ; note, Boyle. 

ANNOTA'TOR. /. [Latin,] A writer of 
notes ; a commentator, Felton, 

To ANNO'UNCE. -v. a, [apnoncer, Fr.] 

1. To publi/h ; to proclaim, Milton, 

2. To declare by a judicial fentence. Prior, 
To ANNOY, v. a. [««i«yer, Fr,] To in- 
commode ; to vex, Sidney, 


A N O 

ANNO'Y. /. [from the verb.] Injury; mo- 
leftation. Dryden, 

ANNOYANCE. /. [from annoy.] 

1. That which annoys. Shjkcfl)eare, 

7.. The adl of annoying. South. 

ANNO'YER. /. [Uom To annoy] The per- 
fon that annoys. 

A'NNUAL. a. [annuel, Fr.] 

I. That which comes veariy. Pope. 

a, That whith is reciioned by the year. 

5. That which larts only a year, Ray, 

A'NNUALLY. fl</. [froman;;</i2/.j Yearly j 
every year. Eroivn. 

ANNU'ITANT. /. [from annuity.] He 
that poflKfles or receives .)n annuity. 

ANNU'IIY. /. [annwte', Fr.J 

I. A yearly rent to be paid for term of 
life or years. Ceiucl. 

a. A yearly allowance. Clarendon, 

To ANNU'L. V, a. [from nul'ui.] 

I. To make void j to nullity, Rogert, 
a. T-i reduce to nothing. Milton, 

A'NNULAR. a. [from anr.ulut, Lat,] Hav- 
ing the form of a ring. Cheyne, 

A NNULARY.d. [from annulus, Lat.] Hav- 
ing the form of rings. Ray, 

A'NNULRT. /. [from annulus, LaC] 

1. A little ring. 

2. [In archite£lure.] The fmall fquare 
members, in the Dorick capital, under 
the quarter round, are called annule's. 

To ANNU'MERATE. -v. a, [annumero, 
Lat.] To add to a former number. 

ANNUMERA'TION./. [annunteratio, Lat.] 
Addition t" a former number. 

To ANNUNCIATE, 1;, a. [annundo, Lat.] 
To bring tidings. 

ANNUNCIA'TION-DAY./. [from annun. 
date.] The day celebrated by the church, 
in memory of the angel's falutation of 
the blefied virgin ; folemnired on the 
twenty-fifth of March. Taylor. 

A'NODYNE. a. [from a and i^mr,.] That 
which has the power of mitigating pain. 

To ANO'INT, 1/, a. [oindre, enoindie ; 
part, o;nf, enoint, Fr.] 
I. To rub over with undluous matter, 

a. To be rubbed upon. Dryden, 

3. To confecrate by un<flion. ShakeJ'p, 
ANO'INTER. /. [from anoint.] The per- 

fon that anoints, 

ANO'MALISM, /. [from anomaly.] Ano- 
maly ; irregularity. Di&, 

ANOMALI'STICAL. a. [from anomaly.] 

ANOMALOUS, a. [apriv. and a,uttX'§X'.] 
Irregular ; deviating from the general me- 
thod or analogy of things. Locke. 

ANOMALOUSLY, ad, [from anomalous.] 

A N S 

ANO'MALY. /. [ar.omalie, Fr.] IrregiiJa, 

rity ; deviation from rule, 6W;>« 

A'NOMY. /. [a pnv. and Wju©',] Breach 

°f J^"^- Bramhal. 

ANON. ad. 

1. Quickly ; foon. WW/^r. 

2. Now and then, Milton 
ANO'NY.MOUS. a. [d fri-v. and houa,\ 

V/anting a name. R^y 

ANO'NYMOUSLY. ad. [from anonymouf.\ 

Without a name, Siuift, 

ANORE'XY. /, [awon^ta.] Inappetercy, 

ANOTHER, a. [from an and ether.] 
I. Not the fame, Locke 

2 One more. iibakcjpsare', 

3. Any other. Samuel. 

4. Not one's felf. South, 
<;. W.dav different. South. 

ANO'THERGAINES. a. Of another kind. 

ANO'THERGUESS. a. Of a different 'ki3* 


A'NSATED. a, [anfatus, Lat.J Having 

To A'NSWER. 1'. n. [anfej-papim, Saxon,] 

1. Tofpeak i.Tretur. to a, Dry/, 

2. T-) fpeak in oppofitioii. Aljtiheiv, Boyle. 

3. To be accountable for. Broivn, 
4 To vindicate j to give a juftificatory 
account of. Sivift. 

5. To give an account. Temple, 

6. To correfpond to j to fuit with. Prcv, 

7. To be equivalent to. EccleJiaJ/icus. 

8. To fatisty any cLiim or petition, Raleigh. 

9. To ad reciprocally upon. Dryden, 

10. To ftand as oppofue or correlative to 
fomething elfe. Taylor, 

11. To bear proportion to. Siuift, 

12. To perform what is endeavoured or 
intended by the agent. Atterbury, 

13. To comply with. Shakefpeare, 

14. To fucceed j to produce the wifhed 
event. Bacon, 

15. To appear to any call, or authorita- 
tive fummons. Shakefpeare, 

16. To be over-againft any thing. Shak. 
A'NSWER. /. [from To anfiver.] 

1. That which is faid in return to a quef- 
tion, or pofition. Atterbury, 

2. A confutation of a charge. Ayliffe, 
A'NSWER- JOBBER. /. He that makes a 

trade of writing anfwers. Sivift, 

ANSWERABLE, a. [from anf-.uer.] 

1. That to which a reply may be made, 

2. Obliged to give an account, Sivift. 

3. Correfpondent. Sidney. 

4. Proportionate. Milton. 

5. Suitable ; fuited, Milton. 

6. Equal. Raleigh, 

7. Relative; correlative. Hooker, 
A'NSWER ABLY. ad. [from an/tueraile.} 

In due proportion j with proper corre- 
ipondence ; 


fpondence ; fuitably. Breretvaod. 

A'NSWERABLENESS. /. [from anfruer- 
ai/e.l The quality of being anfwerabte. 

A'NSWERER. /. [from anfwer.] 

1. He that anfwers. 

2. He that manages the cnntroverfy againft 
one that has written firft. Su-ifc. 

ANT. /. [smetr, Saxon,] An emroet ; a 
pifmire. ■ Pope. 

AisTTBEAR. /. [from ant and bear.] An 
animal that feeds on ants. i?-;y. 

A'NTHILL. /. [from ant ani hilL] The 
final! protuberance of earih in uhich ants 
make their nefte. yidaifon. 

AN'T. A coritradlion for and it, or and if 

ANTA'GONIST. / [d-Jll and dyani^x.'] 
I. One who contends with another j an 
opponent. M./ton. 

%. Contrary. Mdifon. 

3. In anatomy, the antagoniji is thJt 
anufcle which counterafts lome others. 

To ANTA'GONIZE. -v. n. [a'vlt and dy«~ 

n'^a).] To contend againll another. Dici. 
ANTA'LGICK. a- [irom dCi\, againft, and 

a,\y^, pain.] That which fottcns pa;n. 
^NTJN ACLASIS. J. [from a*lavci/X^^»f.] 

1. A figure in rhetorick, when the fame 

word is repeated in a difterent manner, if 

not in a contrary fignification, 

a. It is alfo a returning to the matter at 

the end of a long parenihefis. !>mith. 

ANTAPHRODITiCK.. a. [from aMi, and 

e^foJ.Vn.] Efficacious againft the veneieal 

ANTAl OPLE'CTICK. a. [from avlJ, and 

aVoc7>)j*ic.] Good 3gainft an apoplexy. 
ANTA RCTICK. a. [ a;1i and ajxi©-. ] 

Relating to the fouthern pole. H^alUr, 
ANTARTHRI'TICK. a. [dvil andttj^^.l.?.] 

Good againft the gout. 
ANTASTHMA'TICK. a. [dv% and ar-V-] 

Good againft theafthma. 
^iNTE, A Latin particle fignifying before, 

which is frequently ufed in compofitions j 

as, antedJlwvian, before the flood. 
A'NTEACT. /. [from ante and a<5?,] A 

former acl. 
ANTEAMBULA'TION. /. [from ante and 

ambulatio. L^t.] A walking before. Dili. 
To ANTECE'DE. v.n. [hom ante, before, 

ZTiA cedo, to go,] To precede ; to go be- 
fore. iJ^^e. 
ANTECE'DENCE./. [from antecede.'] The 

aft or ftjte of going befoie, Hak. 

ANTECEDENT, a. [aniecedens, Latin] 

Going before ; preceding. South. 

ANTECE'DENT. /. [antecedent, Lat.j 

J. That which goes before. South. 

I. In grammar, the noun to which the 

lelative is fubjoined. 


3. In log'ck, the firft propofition of an 

enthymcme. IVatti. 

ANTECE'DENTLY. ad. \fxorRantead-nt.^ 

Previoufiy. South. 

ANTECE'SSOR. f. [Latin.] One who goes 

before, or leads another. DiS. 

ANTECHA'iViBER. /. [from ante before, 

and chamber.] The chamber that leads to 

the chief apartment. Addijon, 

To A'NTEDATR •». a. [from ^n.vand Jo, 

datum, Lat.] 

1. To date earlier than the real time. 


2. To take fomething before the proper 
time. Pope, 

ANTEDILUVIAN, a. [from ante before, 
and di!u-.^ium a deluge.] 

1. Exiding before the deluge. IFoodtoard. 

2. Relating to things exiftiDg before the 
deluge. B'Oivtt, 

A'NTELOPE. /. A goat with curled or 

wreathed horns. Spenfer. 

ANTEMCRI'DLAN. a. [ante and meridian.] 

Being before noon. 
ANTEME'TICK. a. [a-.l^and r\ui^..] That 

has the power of preventing cr flopping 

ANTEMU'NDANE. a. [ante and mundus } 

That whirh was before the world. 
A'NfEPAST /. [ante!xndpjfiu,n.] A fore- 

tafte. Decay of Piety. 

A'NTEPENUi.T. /. [anteper.ultimu, Lat.j 

'1 he laft fvllable but two, 
ANTEPILE'PTICK. a. [avii and \nl\r,J,i<;.] 

A medicine againft convulfions. Broivn, 
To A'NTEPONE. -v. a. [antc-pono, Lir.J 

To prefer. DiB. 

ANTEPREDl'CAMENT. /. [antehredica. 

mentum, Lat-] Sumelhing previous to 

the doctrine ot the prtdicaments. 
ANTERIORITY. /, [ from anteriour. ] 

Priority ; the ftate of being before. 
ANTE'RIOUR, a, [aiiterier, Lat.] Going 

before. Broivn, 

ANI'ES, J. [Latin.] Pillars of large di- 

meniions that fupport the front of a build- 
ANTESTO'MACH. /. [from ante ^nA fio. 

mach. j A cavity that leads into the 

ftomach. Ray. 

ANTHELMINTHICK.. a. [aM; and IV'v- 

S^-J That which kills worms. Arbuthn. 
A'NTHEM. /. \M'bvlA.^<^, Gr.] A holy 

fing. Addijon, 

ANTHO'LOGY, /. [d^^oUyta, Gr.] 

1. A coUeftion of flowers. 

2. A collection cf devotions. 

3. A colleflion of poems, 
ANTHONY'S FIRE. /. A kind of ery. 

ANTHRAX. J. [av&e«?, Gr.] A fcab or 
blotch which burns the fkin. ^incy, 



ANTHROPO'tOGY. /. [a'v&ji-Tr©- and 
A.Ej'ft'.] The doftrine r.f anatomy. 

^NTHROPO'PH^GI. f. [ av^^cv7r<^ and 
■piyo}.] Mm-paters ; cannibals. Shakefp. 

crous word, formed by Sbakefpeare from 
anthropophagi, Shakefpeare. 

ANTHROPO'PHAGV. /. [av'^^aor©- and 

<^ay'jj.'\ The quality of eating human flefh, 


ANTPIROPCrSOPHy. /. [av-^foiT©- and 
c-a|>;a.] The knowledge of the nature of 

ANTHYPNO'TICK, a. [mW and Jotv<^.] 
That which has the power of preventing 

^NTI. [aMi.] A particle much ufed in 
compofuion with words derived from the 
Greek ; it fignifies contrary to ; as, anti- 
monarchicsl, oppofite to monarchy. 

ANTIA'CID, a. [from avl., and acidus, 
four.] Alkali, Arbittbnct. 

ANTICHAMBER. /. Corruptly written 
for artechamber. 

ANTICHRI'STIAN. a. [from avlJ and 
;;^jir»^v©'.] Oppofite to chriftianity. 


ANTICHRI'SriANISM. /. [from ami- 
chrijiian.'^ Oppofition or contrariety to 
chriftianitv. Decay of Pi ly. 

ANTICHRl'STIA'NITY. /. [from anti- 
chnfiian.^ Contrariety to chrif(i?nity. 

To ANri'CIPATE. -v. a. [amiapo, Lat ] 
I. To take fomething fooner than another, 
fo as to prevent him. Hammond. 

4. To take up before the time. Dryden. 

3. To foretafte, or take an impreffion of 
fomething, which is not yet, as if it really 
was. Denham. 

4. To preclude. Shakefpeare, 
ANTICIPATION. /. [from anticipate.] 

I. The ad of taking up fomething before 
its time. Holder, 

3. Foretafte, VEJIrar.gc. 

3. Opinion implanted before the reafons 
of that opinion can be known. Derham, 

A'NTICK. a. [^antiquus, ancient.] Odd j 
ridiculoully wild. D>yden. 

A'NTICK. /. 

1. Hii that plays anticks, or ufes odd gefii- 
culation ^ a buffoon. Shakefpeare. 

7,. Odd appearance. Spenfer. 

To A'NTICK. -v, a. [from arrick.J To 
make anticks. Shakefpeare, 

A'NTICKLY. ad. [from antuk] With 
odd pofture?. iihakcfpeare, 

ANTICLIMAX, /. [from i^l] and xx<',«a^.] 
A fentence in which the laft part is lower 
than the firft. Addifon. 

ANTICONVU'LSIVE. a. [from d-Al and 
egnvulfvc] Guod agaiuft convulfions, 


A'NTICOR. /. {m\\ and cor.] A preterna.. 
tural fwelling in a horfe's breaft, oppofite 
to his he^rt. Farrier's DiB, 

ANTICO URTIER. /. [from avl; and cour, 
tier.] One that opuofes the court. 

ANTIDOTAL, fl. [hom antidote.] That 
which has the quality of countcradbng 
poifon. Brown. 

A'NTIDOTE. /. [dvllhK^, Gr.] A medi- 
cine given to expel poifon. Dryden^ 

ANTIFEBRILE, a. [dill znifebris,] Good 
againft fevers. Floyr, 

ANTILO'GARITHM / [fromav7;,aga,nft, 
and Icgjrithm,] The complement cf the 
logarithm of a fine, tangent, or fecant ; 
or the difference of that logarithm from 
the loprithm of ninety degrees. Chambers, 

ANTI.VIONTA'RCHICAL. a. [dvll and f^o- 
^'fX'*' j Againft government by a fingle 
P"'"n- Addfon. 

ANTIMO'NIAL. a. [from antimony] Made 
of antimony. Blackmore. 

A'NTIMONY. /. Antimony is a mineral 
fubftance, of a metalline nature, Mnea 
of all metals afford it. Its texture is full 
of little fhining veins or threads, like 
needles j brittle as ghfs. It deftroys and 
diflipates all metals fufed with it, except 
?^'<^- Chambers, 

ANTINEPHRI'TICK. a. [r:'v72 and n^.l, 
Tiy.®:] Good againft difeafes of the reins 
and kidneys. 

ANTINOMY./. [a;l and v:^©^,] Acon» 
tradidtion between two laws. 

ANTIPARALY'TICK. a. [d-T^ and ^aja'- 
Xvt:;.] Efficacious againft the palfy 

ANTIPATHE'TICAL. a. [ftomantipAthy.] 
Having a natural contrariety to any thing. 

.»..^„., Ho^vel, 

ANTI'PATHY. /. [from d.M and W^®-; 

antipathic, Fr.J A natural contrariety to 

any thing, fo as to fhun it involuntarily : 

cppofed ro fympathy. Lofi^g 

ANTIPERISTASIS. f yH] and Trjf/ra- 

/] The oppofition of a contrary quality, 

by which the quality it oppofes becomes 

heightened or intended, Co-zviev 

ANriPESTILE'NFlAL. a. fd,-li and pe'. 

jiiientia'..] Efficacious againft the plague. 


ANTI'PHRASIS. /. [dvll and ^«^V.f.] The 
ufe of words in a fenfe oppofite to their 
proper meaning. South, 

ANTi'PODAL. a. [from antipodes.] Re- 
lating to the antipodes. Btoinr 

ANri'PODES. f [«vl; and WJ^j.] Thofe 
people who, living on the other fide nf 
the globe, have their feet direifily oppofite 
to ours. yValler, 

A'NTIPOPE. /•. [from «M. and/o;.-.] He 
thitt ufurps the popedoms Addifon, 



JU^TIPTOSIS. f. r<i'v7iCT7a;3-<.-.] A figure 

in grammar, by which one cafe is put tor 

A'NTIQIIARY. /. [antijuarius, Lat.] A 

man ftudious of antiquity. Pope. 

ANTIQUARY, a. Old ; antique. Sbak. 
To A N'TIQUATE. -v. a. lar.tijua, Lat.] 

To make obfoletc. Adduor.. 

A'NTIQUATEDNESS./. [ffomjrf'f :/<»ff</. j 

The ftare of bejna obiolete. 
ANTIQUE, a. [ar.tique, Fr.] 

1. Ancient ; not modern. Scaicfpfare. 

2. Of geiuine antiquity. Prior, 

3. Of old fafhion. Srr.:tb, 

4. Odd 5 wild ; antick, D-nr.e. 
ANTIQUE./, [ixom antique, a.] An an- 
tiquity ; a remain of ancient times. Sivif:- 

ANTl'QyENESS. /. [from antique.'^ The 
auaiitv of being antique. Addifin, 

ANTIQlflTY. /. ymt^uitj!, Lu.J 

I. Old times. Addijon. 

z. The ancients. KjUigt. 

3. Remains of old times. Bjcm. 

4. OM ape. Slahfp:ar;. 
jiNTISCII. f. [a)1-s-x:a.] The people who 

have their fliadows piojecled oppofite ways. 
The people of the north are A'^tijcit to 
thofe of thefouth; one projec'bing Shadows 
at noon toward the north, the other to- 
ward the fouth. Ciamhers., 

ANTISCORBUTICAL. a. [=>7: and/,3r- 
t'Jtwrt.^ Good againft thefcurvy. Arbuthr.. 

AN-TISPASIS. f. [-il'is-'sdji.i The re- 
vuhion ot any humour. 

ANTISPASMODICK.. a. [aV/lyaray.uf^.] 
That which has the power of relieving 
the cramp. 

ANTISPaSTICK. ^.[[aT.FfB-acixi;.] Me- 
dicines which caufe a revulfion, 

ANTISPLENE'TICK. c. [dul and fpL-m. 

tui.'\ Efficacious in diliafes of the fpleen, 


jlN7 1 STROPHE, f. [aM.,-;--?':.] In an 
ode fung in parts, the fecond flanza of 
every three. 

ANTISTRUMA'TICK. a. [au. anijiru. 
mJ.^ Good againft the king's evil. JFifcm, 

AXTITHESI^i. /. in the plural avtilbefes. 
f.-i'»"iS-£r.-.] Oppofition ; contraft. Pep;. 

AT^TITYPE. /. [i;;.r:-:,-.] That which 
is refembled or fliadowed out by the type. 
A term of theology. 

ANTITY PICAL. ai [(nm ar.tiiype.'\ That 
which explains the type. 

ANTIVENE'REAL. a. [a\7: and "t-crrr .'a/.] 
Geod againft the venereal difeafe. Jyiferr., 

A'NTLER. /. landcu.iher, Fr.] Branch of 
a ftae's horns. Prior. 

ANTOECI. f. [from a>'': and o-.ksx.] Thofe 
inhabitants of the earth who iive under 
the fame meridian, at the fame diftance 
from the equator ; the cnt toward the 
aorih, aiid the other to thefouth. Ceami/, 


AKTONOMA'SU. f. [from dvi- and hzij^i^ 
a name.] A form of fpeech, in which, 
for a proper name, is put the name of 
fjme dignity. We fay the oraior f^r Ci- 
cero. Sn-.itb, 

A'NTRE. [a-.tre, Fr.] A cavern ; a den. 

A'NVIL. /. [^rpille, Saxon.] 

1. The iron block on which the fmith 
lays his metal to be t'orged. Dryden. 

2. Any thing on which blows are laid. 

ANXI'ETY. /. [ar.xietas, Lat.] 

1. Trouble of mind about fome futurs 
event j folicirude. TiUotfcr, 

2. Dep-elTionj lownefs of fpirits. .r^f/Aar/tn. 
ANXIOUS, a. yr.xr^i, Lat.] 

1. D.tiurbed about fome uncertain event. 


2. Careful ; full of inquietude. Dryd^n. 
ANXIOUSLY, ad. [from ar.xioui.'^ ' So- 

licicoully J unquietlv. Sjutb, 

A NXIOU5NESS. /. '[from ar^.ear.] The 

quail :y of being anxious. 
ANY. a. [arij, enij, Saxon,] 

1. Every j whoever j whatever. Peps. 

2. It is ufed in oppilition to none. Diut, 
A'ORIST. /. [ci^.r=-:.j Indefinite. 

AO k'TA. f. [dsSJr.J The great artery which 
rifes immediately out of the left ventricle 
of the heart. ^, 

APA'CE. ad. [from J and fad.} 

1. Quick; fpcedily. Tillotfon, 

2. H.i!lilv. A'terbury, 
APAGO'GiCAL.d. [frcm aTB;^^,^.'.] Such 

as does not prove the thing diretlly ; buC 
/he«s the abfurdity, whch arifes from de- 
nying it. Chambertt 
APART, ad. {apart, Fr.] 

1. Separately fr< m the reil in place. Clar, 

2. In a ftate of diilinclion. Drydtn, 

3. At a diftance j retired from the other 
company. Sbjkrfceare% 

APARTl^IENT. /. [, Fr.J A 
room ; a fet of rooms. Addijcr., 

AP-^TKY. /". [a and ■ara'S-©'.] Exemp- 
tion from paflion. Scutkt 

APE. /. [apt, Icdandilh.] 

1. A kind cf monkey. Granvil'e. 

2. An imitator. Sbjiefpcare. 
To APE. "v. a. [from ape."] To imitate, as 

an ape imitates human actions. Addipn, 
APEAK, ad. [a p:j-jt.'\ In a pofiure to 

pierce the crcund. 
A'PEPSY. / [-'3^£4:=.] A lofs of natural 

ccnccclion. ^in.y. 

APE'RIEKT. a. [ap.-rio, LatiH.] Gently 

purgative. A hutbnct. 

APE'RITIVE. J. [from a/<rr/o, Lat.] That 

whch has the quality of opening. Harvey^ 
APE'RT. a. {aptrtui, Lat. J Open. 
APE'RTION. /. [from apertus, Lat.] 

I, A,i openine i a pailage J a gap. Wcr/e«. 
i. a. The 

A P O 

■2. The aft of opening. Tfl'e-r.Mt, 

APE'RTLY. cd. [af>crh, Lat.] Ooenlv. 
APERTNESS. /. [tTom afxrl.] Opennefs. 

A'PERTURE. /. [from a^ertus, open, j 

I. The ad of opening. HoiJzr. 

1. An open place. GUrv:,!:. 

APE'TALOUS. a. [of a and "s-iraX:-,, a 

leaf.] Without flower-lea%es. 
APEX. /. dpii.'i, plur. [Lac] The tip or 

point. WonluiarJ. 

APHMRESIS. f. [eWjre-i,-.] A figure in 

grammar that tikes away a letter or f^l- 

lable from the beginning of a word. 
APHE'LION. J jfci!:a, plur. [irrlr.Xi'^.] 

That part of the orbit of a planet, in 

which It is at the point remoteft from the 

fun. Cceynt. 

APHILA N'THROPY. /. [«>Xivir;a;~w.] 

Want of love to mankind. 
A'PHORISM. /. [=>;.:,-,«:,-,] A mixim ; 

an unconnected polition. Rc^trs. 

APHORISTICAL. a. [from af:kor:fm.] 

Written in feparaK unconncded fen- 

APHORISTICALLY. ad. [fxom apborijii. 

ir^/.] In the form of anaphorifm. H^ri'ey. 
APHRODISIACAL. 7 ^. [=>;:: J.7:;.] Re- 
[ACK. S ' 

latiog to the vene- 


real difeafe. 
APIARY. /. [t!cm apis, Lat. abee.] The 

place where bees are kept. S-zvift. 

APICES of a f.noer. Little knobs that 

grow on the tops ex the fiamina, in the 

middle of a flower. 

API'ECE. ad. [ a and^;V«.] To the part 

or ihare of cich. Hocker, Swift. 

APISH, a. [from ape.] 

1. Having the qualities of an ape ; imi- 
lative. Shakcfpeare, 

2. Foppifh J aft'crded. Shakcfpeare. 

3. Silly ; trifling. Glan-ville. 

4. Wanton 5 playful. Prior, 
A I'ISHLY. ad. [from ap'Jh,] In an apifii 


A'PISHNESS. /. [from apijh.'] Mimickry ; 

APl'TPAT. ad. [a word formed from the 
motion. ] VVith quick palpitation. 


APLU'STRE. f. [Latin.] The enfign in 
fea-veflels. Addif^n. 

APCCALYPSE. /. [from d^cKz\6^1x.] 
Revelation ; a word ufed only of the fa- 
cred Milton. 

APOCALYPTICAL, a. lirom apocalypfe.] 
Containing revelation. Burnet, 

APQiCOPE. f. [aT:x:rr:.J A figure, when 
the laft letter or fyllable is taken away. 

APOCRU'STICK.. a. [cVoxpj'r'xa.] Re- 
pelling and aftringent. Chambers. 

APO'CRYPHA./. [from aV.-xj-Jr'!i.] Books 
appended to th; facred wr;t:Qg% of doubt- 
.••d authcri, - Hftker. 

A P O 

APO'CRYPHAL. a. [from cp::lrypij.] 

1. Not canonical ; of uncertain authority. 


2. Contained in the apocrvpha. Addif.n. 
APOCRYPHALLY. ad. [from atocbry- 

^i-j.'.j L'ncercainlv. 
APOCRYPHALNESS. /. [from apacb^y. 

pl}a!.'\ Uncertainty. 

APODl'CTICAL. fl.[fromaa-J!':ie;.-.'I De- 

monftrative. Braiir. 

APODIXIS. /. [iV.-Jii^;.] Demonrtra- 

tlon. DiSl. 

APOCM'ON. 1 /. [aV^n.] A point in 

A POGEii. /■ the heavens, in which the 

APOGEUM. J fun, or a planet, is at the 

greateii dilhnce poffible from the earth in 

its who!? revolution. Faifjx. 

APOLOGETICAL. 7 a. That which is faid 

APOLOGE'TICK. i in defence of any 

thing. Bye. 

APOLOGE'TICALLY. ad. [from apJcge- 

ticdi-l In the way of defence or excufe. 

To APCLOGIZE. v. n. [from aj>olcgy.'[ 

To plead in favour. P:pe. 

A'POLOGUE. /. [^'-r.Xj;®-.] Fable ;ftory 

contrived to teach fome moral truth. Lo:k:. 

APO'LOGY. /. fapd-gij, Lat. =VjX=> ;'::.] 

Defence ; excufe. Tilfoifn:, 

APOMECO METRY. /. [JTro, from '^.T- 

x:c, and ,u;7;=i.] The art of meafurinj 

things at a diftance. 

APOA'EURO'SIS. f. [from ctj and •.£~;C-,.] 

An expanflon of a nerve intj a membrane. 


APOPHASIS. f. [Lat. =tV;>::3-<,-.] A figure 

by which the orator feems to wave v-.-ha; 

he would plainly inGnuate. S^.::l . 

APOPHLE'GM.-^TICK. a. [sV3 and4>X=- - 

/^a.] Drawing away phlegm. 
APOPHLE GMATIS.Vl. /. [d-l and <-Xi>- 
(ut.] A me.^icine to draw phlegm. E.:c:r:. 
AVOPHTHEGM. /. [a-iic=>-;tta.] A re- 
markable faving. Priir, 
APO PHTGE'. /' [i-roi>vyr\ flight.] That 
part of a column, where it begins to 
fpring out of its bafe j the fpring of a 
column. Chamters. 
APO'PHTSIS. f. [dT-.ifj.s-.:.] The promi- 
nent parts of fome bones j the lame as 
procefs. IVijeman. 
APOPLE'CTICAL. a. [from apoplexy.] Re- 
lating to an aoupl.'xy. Dirbam. 
APOPLE'CTICK. a. [from apoplexy.] Re- 
lating to an apoplexy. If^feman. 
A'POPLEXY. /. [d-o'm\'>ci,.] A fuddea 
deprivation of all fenfation. Locke. 
APO'RIA. /. [axoji'i.]' A figJ'e by which 
the fpeaker doubts where to begin. St-.itt. 
APORRHCEA. }'. Idz^-^'fi^n.] Eifiuvium j 
emanation. GiavzaUe. 
APOSIOPE'SIS. f. [atr:j-i»rr<ri:.] A form 
<i fpeech, by which the fpeaksr, through 
fjme affeciroa or vehemency, breaks off 
his fpe-'ch. Sir.iti. 

A P P 

APO'STASY. f. [aro-oVao-jc.jDcpai-tarefrotn 
what a man Ins piot'elled : it is generally 
applied to religion. Sprat. 

APO'STATE. /. [apojlata, Lit. a'srsg-d'Ti;.] 
One that has forfakcn his religion. Rogers. 

APOiiTA'TICAL. a. [hom apellate] After 
the manner of an apoftate. 

To APO STATIZE. -v. n. [fiom apafiate.'] 
To forfake one's religion. Bentky. 

To APO'STEMATE. -v.". {ixovc\apoliane.\ 
To fwell and corrupt into matter. IVifcmaii, 

APOSTEMA'TION. /. [from apoflt-mate.] 
The gathering of a hollow purulent tu- 
mour. Gnnu. 

A'i'OSTEVTE. 7 /. [«7r;V»;xa.] A hollow 

A'POSTUiME. ^ fwelling j an abfcefs. 


APO'STLE. /. [apofiolu!, Lat. dno^oKo;.] 
A perfon fent with mandates ;. particularly 
applied to them whom our Saviour de- 
puted to pie^th the golpel. 

Al'G'STLESHIi". /. [from apo^k.} The 
office or dignity of an ap.iftle. Locke. 

APOSTOLICAL, a. [from a^o/oZ/V^.] Dc- 
Jivere;! by the apoftles. Hooker. 

APOSTO LICALLY. ad. [from.apcjlolhal.} 
In the manner of the apoiHes. 

APOSTO'LICK. a. [ apcflle.] Taught 
by the apoflles. Drydau 

AFO'STROPIIE. f. [a7!-o,'-^ot»'-] 

I. In rhetorick, a diverfion of fpeech to 
another peifon, than the fpeech appointed 
did intend or require. Smith, 

3. In grammar, the contradlion of a word 
by the ufe of a comma j as, tho" , for 
though. Sivi/t. 

To APO STROPHIZE. •::'. a. [from apoj- 
tropke.'] To addrcfs by an apoilrophe. Pope. 

A'POSTUME. /. A hollow tumour filled 
with purulent matter. Har-vcy. 

ATOTHECARY. /. [apoibfca. Lat. a re- 
pofitory.'J A man whofe employment it is 
to keep medicines for iale. Soutl.'. 

APO'THEGM. /. [properly apophthegm.] 
A remarkable faying. ff'atti. 

APOTHEOSIS. /. [from anro and ^io;-] 
Deification. Gartk. 

APO'TOiME./. [from ^VotsjUVw, to cut off.] 
The remainder or difference of two in- 
cnmmcnfurablc quantities. Chamben. 

ATOZEM. /. [aWs, from, and {i«, to 
boil.] A decodtion. TVifemati. 

To APPA'L. -v. a. [appalir, Fr. ] To 
fright ; to deprefs. Clarendon. 

APPA'LEMENT. /. [from appal.] De- 
prefTion ; impreflion of fear. Bacon. 

A'PPANAGE. /. [dppanagiuni, low Latin.] 
Lands fet apart tuv the maintenance of 
younger children. Sivift, 

APPARA'TITS. /. [Latin,] Tools; fur- 
niturc ; equip.ige ; fhow.' Pope, 

APPA'REL. /. \opparei!, Fr,] 

J. Drefs j ve/luia. Shahef^eare. 

A P P 

2. External habiliments. Tathr, 

To APPA'REL. V. a. [from apparel, the 

1. To drefs ; to cloaih. Samuel. 

2. To cover or deck. Btntlty.^ 
APPA'RENT. a. [^apparent, Fr.] 

1. Plain; indubitable. Hooker.. 

2. Seeming j not real, HaU, 

3. Vifible. ./itterbury. 

4. Open ; difcoverible. Shakeipeare. 

5. Certain ; not prefumptive. Shnkejp, 
APPA'RENTLY. ad. [from apparent. }_ 

Evidently ; openly. 'Tilloljon, 

APPARI'TION. /. [from appareo, Lat.] 
r. Appearance; vifibility. Milton. 

2. A vifible objedl. Tatler] 

3. A fpedtre ; a walking fpirit. Locke. 

4. So.-nething only apparent, not real. 


5. The vifibility of fome luminary. Broivn.. 
APPA'RITOR. /. [from appareo, Litin.l 

The lowed officer of the ecclefiaftical 
court. Ayhfft. 

To APPA'Y. -v. a. {appayer, old Fr.] To 
fatisfy ; -well appayed, is pleajed ; til ap- 
paycd, is uneajy. Milton, 

To APPE'ACH. V. a. 

1. To accufe. Bacon. 

2. To cenfure ; to reproach. Dryden, 
APPE'ACHMENT. /. [ from a/p-ach. ] 

Charge exhibited againftany man. l^Fotton. 
To APPE'AL. -v. n. [appello, Lat.] 

1. To transfer a caufe from one. to an- 
other. Stepney. 

2. To call anothir as witnefs. Locke. 

3. To charge with a crime. Sbakejpeare. 
APPE'AL. /. [from the verb.] 

1. A provocation from an inferior to a 
fuperior judge. Dryder.. 

2. In the commoa law, an accufation. 


3. A fummons to anfv^er a charge. D-^yden. 
A. A call upon anv as witnefs. Bacon. 

AP'PE'ALANT. /. [from appeal.] He that 
appeals. Shakejpca;^e. 

To APPE'AR. -v. n, [appareo, Lat.j 

1. To be in fight ; to be vifible. Prior.' 

2. To become vifible as a fpirit, ASis. 

3. To ftand in the prefence of fome fu- 
periour. Pfolin. 

4. To be the objeiSt of obfervation. Pftilin. 

5. To exhibit one's felf before a court. 


6. To be made dear by evidence. Spenjer, 

7. To feem ; in oppofition to reality. ^V/Wni^'. 
S. To be plain beyond difpute. yirhuthnoU 

APPEARANCE. /. [from To "ppear.l 

I- The ad of coming into fight. 

2. The thing feen. 

3. Phcenpmenon;any thing vifibie.C/c/flw. 

4. Semblance ; not reality, Dryden.. 

5. OutfjJe ; fiiow, Rogers. 

6. Entry into a place or company. Addijon. 

7._ Apparition ;. 

A P P 

7. Appariticn ; fupernatural vifibillty. 

S. Exhibition of the perfon to a court. 


9. Open circunrfiance of a cafe, ii-wifc. 

10. Prefence J mien. Addijon, 
Jr. Probability; likelihood. Baccn. 

APPE'ARER. /. [fiom To appear.] The 
perfon that appeals. Broiun. 

APFE'ASABLE. a. [from appeafi.] Re- 

APPE'ASABLENESS. /. [from appeafe.] 

To APPE'ASE. ^. a. [appdfer, Fr.j 

1. To quiet J to put m a itate of peace. 


2. To pacify ; to reconcile. Milcor, 
APPE'ASEMENT. /. {from appeafc] A 

rtjte of peace. Haywa'-d. 

APPE'ASER. /. [from appcafc.'] He. that 

pacifies ; he that quiets dirturbances. 
APPE'LLAKT. /. [appdlo, Lat. to call.] 

1. A challenger. Shakcfpeare, 

2. One that appeals from a lower to a 
higher power. Ayliffe. 

APPE'LLATE. /. [appelhtuf, Lat.] The 
perfon appealed againrt. Ayliffe. 

AFPELLA'TION. /. [appelbtlo, Latin.] 
Name. Broivv, 

APPE'LLATIVE. /• [appellath'vm, Lat.j 
Names for a whole rank of beings, are 
called appellarii'es. f-Fatts. 

APPE LLATIVELY. ad. [from appellati-ve.] 
According to the manner of nouns appel- 

APPE'LLATORY. a. [from appeal'] That 
which contains an appeal. 

APPE'LLEE. /. One who is accufed. DiEf. 

To APPE'ND. -v. a. [_^.pptndo, Lat.] 
I. To hang any thing upon another. 
2.. To add to fomething as an accefibry. 

APPE'NDAGE. /. [French.] Something 
added to another thing, without being 
necelTary to its elTence. Taylor, 

APPE'NDANT. a. [French.] 

1. Har.gng to fomething elfe. 

2. Annexed j concomitant. Rogers. 

3. In law, any thing belonging to another,, 
as arcjforium p<-'.ncipali. CoiucI'. 

APPE'NDANT. /. An accidental or ad- 
ventitious Dart. Grezv, 

To APPE'NDiCATE. t:a. [appends, Lat.J 
To add to another thing. Hak. 

APPENDICA'TION. /. [from appendifat'e,] 
Annexion. Hah, 

APPENDIX./, appendices, plur. [LaT.] ~ 

1. Something appended or added. i>a!l/r?f£, 

2. An adjundt or concomitant. J^'^jits. 
To AP.-^ERTA'IN. -u. «. [appat'temr, Fr.J 

I. To belong to as of right. Rjhigh, 

2,. To belong to by nature, 

A P P 

APPERTA'INMENT. /. [from appertain.-] 

That wliich belongs to any rank or Jig. 

nity- ' Si-^k-fpeaie. 

APPE'RTENANCE. /. [^ipparterance, Fr.] 

That v\hich belongs toii.other thing. 

APPE'RTINENT. a. [fiom To appertain.] 

Eel.ngirg ; relating. Shakeipeare, 

A'PPETENCE. ? /. [oppetintia, Lat.'] Car. 
A'PPETENCY. 5 n=l defire. Md'on. 

APPETIBI'LITY. /. [from appetihU.] The 

quality of being dcfirable. Brambat, 

A'FPETIELE. a. [appetibrli'., Lat.] De- 

firable. Bramba.}. 

A'PPETITE, /. {aipeutw,l.ii.'\ 

1. The natural delire ot good. Hooker, 

2. The defire cf fenfuai pleafure. Dryd-:n. 

3. Violent longing. CLrcndor., 

4. Keennef? of ftomach ; hunger. Baccn. 
APPEri'TlON. /. [ap>pe/iiio,Lit.] Defire. 

A'PPETITIVE. a. That which defirps. 

To APPLA'UD. V. a. [apph-'do, Lat.j 

1. To praife by clapping the hand. 

2. To praife in general. Pope 
APPLA'UDER. /. [from applaud.] He that 

praifes or commends. GitnojiUe. 

APPLA'USE. /. [appbuju:, Lat.] Appro- 

bation loudly exprelfed. Dryden., 

A'PPLE. /. [aeppel, Saxon.] 

1. The fruit of the apple tree. Pope. 

2. The pupil of the eye. Dm:, 
A'PPLEWOMAN. /. [from nppb and tvo- 

tnan. ] A woman that fells appics. Arbuthn. 
APPLI'AELE. a. [from «/>/>/>-.] That which 

may be applied. South, 

APPLI'AKCE. /. {Uora apply.] The ad of 

applying j the thing applied. ^hakefp,. 
APPLICAEI'LITY. /. [from appliculh.]' 

The quality cf being fit to be applied. 

A'PPLICABLE. a. [from apply.] IhaC 

which may be applied. Dryden. 

A'PPLICABLENESS. /. [from uppUcahl'.] 

Fitnefs to be applied. Boyk. 

A'PPLICACLY. ad. [from cpplica'J:,] la. 

fuch manner as that it may be properly 

ATPLICATE. /. [from cpp!y.] A right 

line drawn aciofs a curve, fo as to bifedl 

t^e dfnneter. Cbaml-crs, 

APPLICA'TION. /. [from apply.] 

1. The a(rt of applying any thing to an- 

2. The thing applied. 

3. The aft cf applying to sny perfon as 
a petitioner. SiuiJ'. 

4. The employment of any means for a 
certain end. Locke, 
c. Intenl'enefs of thought : clofe fludy. 

^ L:cke. 

G S $• Atten. 

A P P 

6. Attention to fomc particular affair- 


PPLICATIVE. a. [from tf/'/'/y.] That 

y\''vhich applies. Brambol. 

PPUCATORY. /. Th:t which applies. 


To A'PPLy. -V. a. [applieo, Lat.] 

1. To put one thing to another. DrySert. 

2. To lay medicaments upon 3v;o»nA.Add. 

3. To make ufe of as relative or fuitable. 


4. To put to a certain "fe. Clarendon. 

5. To life as iTieans to an end. Rogers. 

6. To fix tJic mind npon 5 to ftudy. Lode. 

7. To have recouife to, as a petitioner. 


8. To endeavour to work upon. Rogers. 

9. To ply ; to keep at work. Sidney. 
To APPOINT. ■!>. a. [oppnnter, Fr.] 

I. To fix any thing. Galatiant. 

a. To fettle any thing by compaft. yudges. 

3. To eftabliili any thing by decree. 

ManaJJeh's Prayer. 

4. To furpifh in all points j to equip. 

A P P 

APPREHENSIBLE, a. [from apprehend.} 
That which may be apprehended, or con- 
ceived. BniL'n. 

APPREHE'NSION. /. [apprehenfo, Lat.] 
I. The mere contemplation of things. 

1. Opinion ; fentiment ; concenion. South. 

3. The faculty by which we conceive new 
ideas. Mi'ton. 

4. Fear. Addison. 

5. Sufpicion of fomething. Sbjkifpeare. 

6. Seizure. Shakelpeare, 
AFPREHE'NSIVE. a. [dom eppreheytd.} 

1. Quick to underftand. South. 

2. Fe'arful. Tilhtfon. 
APPREHE'NSIVELY. ad. [from appre- 

he«Jii>e.^ In an appvehenfive manner. 

APPREHE'NSIVENESS, /. [from appre. 
henji-ve.'\ The quahty of being apprehen- 
five. Holder. 

APPRE'NTICE. /. [apprerti, Fr.] One 
that is bound by covenant, to fei ve an- 
other man of trade, upon condition that 
the tradefman fhall, in the mean time, 
endeavour to inftruift him in his zrt. Dryden. 
AFPO'INTER. /. [from appv/ii.] He that To APPRE'NTICE. -v. a. [from the noun.] 

fettles or fixes. 
APl'O'INTMENT. /. [appo'trtement , Fr.] 

1. Stipulation. yob. 

2. Decree; eftabli(hment. Hooker. 

3. Dired^ion ; order. Sbahefpeare. 

4. Equipment ; furniture. Shakejpeare. 

5. An allowance paid to any man. 

To APPO'RTION. -v. a. [from portio, Lat.] 
To fet out in juft proportions. Collier. 

API'O'RTIONMENT. /. [from apportion.'^ 
A dividing into portions. 

T" APFO'SE. V. a. [appor.o, Lit.] To put 
quefiions to. Bacon. 

A PPOSITE. a. [appo/itus, Lat.] Proper ; 
fit ; well adapted. tVotlon, Atterbury. 

A'PPOSITELY. ad. ffromappo/ite.] Pro- 
perly ; fitly ; fuitably. South. 

A'PPOSITENESS. /. [from appofite.] Fit- 
nefs ; propriety ; fuitablenefs. Hale. 

APPOSITION. /. [cppof.tio, Lat.] 

1. The addition of new matter. Arbuthn, 

2. In grammar, the putting of two nouns 
in the fame cafe. 

To APPRA'ISE. 1'. a. [apprecier, Fr.] 

To fet a price upon any thing. 
APPRA'I^ER. /. [irom appraife.'\ A per- 

fon appointed to fet a price upon things 

to be fold. 
To APPREKE'Nt). -y. a. [apprehendo, Lat.] 

1. To lay hold on. Taylor. 

2. To fei ze, in order for trial or punifh- 
tnent. Clarendon, 

3. To conceive by the mind. Stillingfieit. 
4 To think on with terrour ; to fear. 


APPREHE'NDER. /. [from apprehend.] 

Cjnceivsr 5 think:r. Glanville, 

To put out to a mafler as an apprentice. 


APPRE'NTICEHOOD. /. [from epprert- 
tice.l The years of an apprentice's fer- 
vitude. Shakejpeare. 

APPRE'NTICESHIP. /. [from cppnntice.'\ 
The years which an apprentice is fo pafs 
under a mafler. J^'gh- 

To APPRI'ZE. v. a. [appris, Fr.] To in- 
form. Chtyne, 

To APPRO'ACH. -v. V. [,ipprocher, Fr. ] 
I. To draw near locally. Shakejpeare, 
1. To draw near, as time. Gay, 

3. To make a progrefs towards, men- 
tally. Loch, 

To APPRO'ACH. v. a. To bring near to. 


APPRO'ACH. /. [from the verb.] 

I. The aft of drawing near. Dcnhatn. 
Z. Accefs. Bacon, 

3. Hoflile advance. ^ Shakejpeare. 

4. Means of advancing. Dryden. 
APPRO ACHER. /. \ixom. approach.] The 

perfon that approaches. Shakejpeare. 

APPRO'ACHMENT. /. [from approach.] 

The a<£t of coming near. Broiun, 

APPROBA'TION. /. [approbatio, Lat.] 

1. The adt of approving, or exprefiing 
himfelf plsafed. Shakejpeare. 

2. The liking of any thing. South, 

3. Atteftation ; fupport. Shakejpeare. 
APPRG'OF. /. [from appro-ve.] Commen- 
dation. Shakejpeare. 

To APPROPrNQUE. -v. n. ^oppropinquo^ 
Lat.] To draw near to. Hudibras. 



APPROPRIABLE, a. [from approprinte.'^ 
That which may be appropriated. Broivn. 

To APPROPRIATE, -v. a. [appropner, 

I. To configa to fome particular ufe or 

perfon. Rofcommon, 

z. To claim or exercifean exdufive right. 


3. To m.ike peculiar ; to annex. Locks, 

4. In law, to alienate a benefice. Aylijfe. 
APPRO'PRIATE. a. [from the verb. J Pe- 
culiar ; confjgned to fome particular. 

APPROPCTA'TION./. [from appropriate j 

1. The application of fomething to a par- 
ticular purpofe. Locke, 

2. The claim of any thing as peculiar. 


3. The fixing a particular fignification to 
a word. Lock?, 

4. In law, a fevering of a benefice ecclefi- 
aftical to the proper and perpetual ufe of 
fome religious houfe, or dean, and chap- 
ter, bi/hoprick, or college. Coiuel. 

APPROPRIA'TOR. /. [hem appropriate.] 
He that is poffefTed of an appropriated be- 
nefice, yjyliffe. 

APPRO'VABLE. That which merits ap- 
probation. Brozin, 

APPRO'VAL./. {hom approve.'] Appro- 
bation. Temple, 

APPRO' VANCE. /. [Uom approve.] Ap- 
probation. Tbomfon, 

To APPROVE, -v, a. [approuver, Fr.] 

1. To like i to be pieaied with. 

Hooker, Davies, 

2. To exprefs liking, Locke. 
3; To prove ; to fhow. Tillotfon. 

4. To experience. Shakejpeare, 

5. To make worthy of approbation. 

>^PPRO'VEMENT./. [it om approve.] Ap- 
probation ; liking. Hayiuard, 
APPRO'VER. /. [from approve.] 

1, He that approves. 

2, He that makes trial. Sbakefpcare, 

3, In law, one that confLfling, felony of 
himfelf, accufeth another. Qjive.'. 

APPRO'XIMATE. a. [nom at^, and proxi- 
mui, Lat.] Nenr to. Brotvr, 

APPROXIMATION. /. [froa approxi- 

1. Approach to any thing, Bioii'tt. 

2. Continual approach nearer ftillj and 
nearer to the quantity fought. 

APPU'LSE. /. l^ppu/fus, Lat. The aft of 
ftriking againft any thing. Holder. 

A'PRICOT, or A PRICOCK.. A kind of 
wall fruit. 

APRIL. /. [Aprilh, Lat. Avril, Fr.] The 
fourth month of the year, January count- 
ed firft. Feacham. 

A'PRON, /. A cloth liu.-.g b:fore, to keep 

A Qj; 

A udV>°!t^" ^ '^^' '''""• A,Wfo». 

APRON. A piece of lead which covers the 

touch-hole of a great gun. 
A'PRON-MAN. /. [from apron and m^n.] 

A workman ; an artificer, Shakejpeare. 

APRONED, a. Ihom aprcn.] Wearing an 

^^Pi-on- Pope. 

A'PSIS. f, apfidn, plural, [a^,...] The 

higher apfn is denominated aphelion or 

apogee j the lewer, perihelion, or perigee. 
APT. a, [apius, Lat.j 

I- Fit. Hooker. 

2. Having a tendency to. Hooker. 

3. Inclined to; led to. Bevtiey, 

4. Ready j quick j as, an apt wit. 


5. Qualified for. 2 Kings. 
To APT. V. a. [apto, Lat.] 

J, To fuit J to adapt. Ben yobnfatr. 

2. To fit ; to qualify. Denham. 

To A'PTATE. -v. a. [aptatum, Lat.] To 

make fir. 
ATTITUDE,/. [French.] 

1. Fitnefj. Decay of Tieiy. 

2. Tendency. Decay of Piety. 

3. Difpofition. Locke. 
A'PTLY. ad. [from apt.] 

1. Properly 5 fitly. Blaekmore. 

2. Juftly ; pertinently. Addifor. 

3. Readily J acutely j as, he learned his 
bufinefs very aptl'i. 

A'PTNESS, /. Lfrom apt.] 

1. Fitnefs ; fuitablenefs. Norris, 

2. Difpofition to any thing. Shakefpeare. 

3. Qu^icknefs of apprehenfion. Bacon. 

4. Tendency. Addtjon. 
A'PTOTE. /. [of a. and OTlwa-ij.] A noun 

which is not declined with cafes. 

A^i^UA, j. [L«in.] Water. 

ASlijA FORTIS. [Latin,] A corrofive li- 
quor made by dillilling purified nitre with 
calcined vitriol, or re£lified oil of vitriol 
in a flrong heat; the liquor, which rifes in 
fumes red as blood, being colledled, is the 
fprit of nitre or aqua fortu, 

A^JA MARINA, This ftone feems to me 
to be the beryllus of Pliny. TVczdzvai d. 

A^UAyiTy€. [Latin.] Brandy. 

AQUA'TICK. a. [ajuaiicui, Lat.] 

I. That which inhabits the water. Ray, 
z. That which grows in the water. 

Mcr timer, 

A'QUATILE. a. [aquatilis, Lat.] - That 
which inhabits the water. 

A'QUEDUCT. /. [aquaduBui, Lat.] A 
c nveyance made fur carrying water. Addi, 

A'QUEOUS, a, [from aqua, water, Lat.] 
Watery. Ray. 

A'QUEOUSNESS. /, [.iqunffa^, Lat.] Wa- 

A'QUILIKE. a, \aqtaiii.u-, Lat.J Refem- 

bi:rg an eagle j when applied to the nofe, 

hovked. Drydcn. 



AQU<TSE. a. [from aqua, Lat.] V/atery. 
AQyO'SlTY. /. [from^jrao/?.] Waterinefs. 
A. R. anno regni j that is, the year of the 

A'RABLE. a. [from aro, Lat.] Fit fur 

tillage, Drydeit. 

ARACiiNOlDES. f. [from a^i-x^n, a fpi- 

der, and siJo;, form.] One of the tunicks 

of the eye, fo callcil from its refem'olance 

to a cobweb. Derham. 

.4RAIGNEE. f. A term in fortification, 

a brsnch, return, or gallery of a mine. 
ARA'NEOUS. t2,[t'tom(iratiea, Lat. a cob- 

:\veb. I Pvcfembling a cobweb, Durban:. 
ARA'TION. /, [arado, Lat. j The ad or 

prddtice of plowing. Cotvley. 

A'RATORY, f. [from aro, Lat. to plow.] 

That which contributes to tillage. 
A'RB.^LIST. /. [arcus, and baiijia.'\ A 

crofs-bov/. CamdcTi, 

A'RBiTER. /. [Lat.] 

1. A judge r.ppointefl by the parties, to 
whofe determii^ation they voluntarily fub- 
mit. Bacon. 

2. A judge. ■ Temf>le. 
A'RBITRABLE. a. [from arhitror, Lat.] 

Arbitrary j depending upon the wili. 

ARBITRAMENT. /. [from arbitror, Lat.] 
Will ; determination ; choice. Mikan, 

A'RBHRARILY. ad. [ arbitrary.'^ 
With no other rule than the will j defpoti- 

. cjUy ; abfolutely. Drydcn, 

ARBITRA'RIOUS. a. [from arl'itrariut, 

Lat.] Arbitrary ; depending on the will. 


ARBITRA'RIOUSLY. ad. [from arbitra. 
rious.] According to mere will and plea- 
fure. G/anvil.'e. 

A'R^ITRARY. a. [arbUrarius, Lat.] 
I. Defpotick ; abfolute. Prior. 

3. Depending on no rule ; capricious. 


To A'RBITRATE. v. a. [arbitror, Lat.] 
I. To decide ;• to determine. Shakefpearc. 
■2. Tojurlgeof. Milion, 

To A'RBITR.ATE. v. n. To give judge- 
ment. South. 

A'RBITRARINESS. /. [from arbitrary.] 
Defpoticalneff, Temple. 

ARBITRA'TION. /. [ivom arbitror, Lat.] 
The deterirJnation of .n caufe by a judge 
mutually agreed on by the parties. 

ARBITRA'TOR. /. [from arbitrate.] 
J. An extraordinary judge between party 
and party, chofen by their mutual confent. 

"Z. A governour ; a prefident. Par, Loji, 
3. He that has the power of ailing by his 
own choice. ■ Addifon, 

4.. Tho determiner, Shaltejpcare. 

ARBITREMENT. /. [ftoxn arbitror, Ln.] 
I. Dtcliion] ceteiinination. Hayward, 


2. Compromife, Bacon'.- 

A'RBORARY, a. Of or belonging to a 
tree. Drydtn. 

A'RBORET. /. {arbor, Lat. a tree.] A 
fmall tree or (hiub, Milton. 

ARBO'ROUS. a. [arloreus, Lat.] Belong- 
ing to trees, Broivn. 

A'RBORIST. /. [arborljl;, Fr.] A natu- 
ralirt who makes trees his fludy, Hoivel. 

A'RBOROUS. a. [from arbor, Lat.] Be- 
longing to a tree. Milter.. 

A'RBOUR. /. [from arbor, Lat. a tree.] 
A bovver. Dryden. 

A'RBUSCLE. /. [arbujcula, Lat.] Any 
little fiirub. 

A'RBUTE. /. [arbutus, Lat.] Strawberry 
tree. May. 

ARC. /. [arcus, Lat.] 

I. Afegmentj a part of a circle. NciiUn. 
1. An arch. Pcpe. 

ARCA'DE. /. [French.] A continued arch. 


ARCA'NUM. f. in the plura! iTcam. [La- 
tin.] A fecret. 

ARCH. /. [arcus, Lat.] 

1. Pait of a circle, not more than the 
half. Locke. 

2. A building in form of a fegment of a 
circle, ufed for bridges. Dryden. 

3. Vault of heaven. Shakefpearc, 

4. A chief. ahakejpeare. 
To ARCH. -v. a. [arcuo, Lat. 

1. To build arches. Pope. 

2.. To cover with arches. lloiuel. 

ARCH. a. [from a.^y^'^, chief,] 

1. Chief; of the hrft clafs. Shakefpeare. 

2. Waggifh ; mirthfuL Sivift. 
ARCH, chief, of the firft clafs, 
ARCHA'NGEL. /. [archangelus, Lat.] One 

of the higheft order of angel?. Norris, 
ARCHA'NGEL. A plant, Dead nettle. 
ARCHANGE'LICK. a. [from archangel.1 

Belonging to arch -angels. Milton. 

ARCHBE'ACON. /. [itom arch w<\ beacon.'] 

The chief place of profpeft, or of fignal. 


ARCHBI'SHOP. /. [arch and bijhop.] A 

bifhop of the firfl: clafs, who fuperintends 

the conduft of other bifhopshis fuffragans.- 


ARCHBI'SHOPRICK./. [from archbiJ}jop.\ 

The ftate or jurifdidion of an archbifliop. 


ARCHCHA'NTER. /. [from arch and 

chanter.] The chief chanter. 
ARCHDE'ACON. /. [archidiaconus, Lat.] 

O.Te that fupplies the bi/hop's place and 

office, Ayltffe. 

A.RCHDE'ACONRY. /. [archidiaconatus, 

Lat..] The office or junfditlion of an arch-- 

deacon. Carenv. 


The office of an archdeacon. 



ARCHDU'KE. /. [a,chldux, Lat.] A title 

given to princes, ofAuftria and Tufcany. 


ARCKDU'CHESS. /. [from arch and Ja- 

cliffs.] The fjfier or daughter of the 

archduke of Auftria. 
ARCHPHILO'SOPHER. /. [from arc/j 

and phr/ofopher.'^ Chief philofopher. Hook. 
ARCHPRE'LATE. /. [arch and prelaie.] 

Chief prelate. Hooker, 

A'RCHPRE'SBYTER. [arch and p>-e/hyter.] 

Chief preityter. ^y#. 

ARCHAIC'LOGY. [«>x^r^ ^"^ >^6yo;.] 

A difcourfe on antiquity. 
ARCHAIOLO'GICK. a. f,om[arcba!o!ogy.] 

Relating to a difcourfe on antiquity. 
A'RCHAISM. [oj^ZiSiiiiJ -^^ ancient 

phrafe. TFatti. 

A'RCHED. parti, a. [To arch.] Bent in 

the form of an arch. Sbahfpeare. 

A'RCHER. [archer, Fr. from tfrraj/Lat. a 

bow.] He that rtioots with a bow. Prior, 
A'RCHERY. /. [from archer.} 

1. The ufe of the bow. Catr.dcK. 

2. The acfl of /hooting with the bow. 


3. The art of an archer. CrSjhaio. 
A'KCHES-COURT. /. [from archei and 

court. '\ The chief and moll ancient con- 
fi/lory that belongs to the archbiihop of 
Canterbury, for the debating fpiritual cauf- 
es, fo called from Bow-church in London, 
where it is kept, whofe top is raifed of 
ftone pillars, built arch-wife. Co'well. 

A'RCHETYPE. /. [arcbetypum, Lu.] The 

original of which any refemblaace is made. 


ARCHE'TYPAL. a. [archetypus, Lat.] Ori- 
ginal. Norris, 

ARCUE'US. f. [from d^x"^.] A power 
that prefides over the animal ceconomy. 

ARCHIDIA'CONAL. a. [from archidia- 
ionus.'j Belonging to an archdeacon. 

ARCHIEPI'SCOPAL. a. [fcom ^rcbiepifco. 
pus, Lat.] Belonging to an archbi/hop. 

A'RCHITECT- /. [architcHus, Lat.J 
I. A prcfeffor of the art of building. 

1- A builder, Miltor. 

-;. The contriver cf any thing. Skakejp. 

ARCHITE'CTIVE. a. [from archit.&.] 
That performs the work of architefture. 

ARCKITECTONICK. a. [from d.-^'^, 
chief, and tsktojv.] That which has the 
power or /kill of an architeft. Boyle. 

ARCHITE'CTURE. /. [architiBura, Lat.] 

1. The art or fcience of building. Blachn. 

2. The effeft or performance of the fcience 
of building. Burnet. 

A'RCHITRAVE. /. [froma^;^^, chief, and 

tr.ibi^ Lat.] Thit part of a column, which 

- k«s i.TiiTKdiatsIy upon the capital, ^ni is 

A Pv E 

the lowed member of the entablahire, 

A'RCHIVES. /. -withoutafirgular. [JT.iJ: 
I'a, Lat.] The places where recoids or 
ancient writings are kept. Woodward 

A'RCHWISE. a. [a,cb and w./<..] In the 
form of an arch. M'ffe 

ARCTATION. /. [from ar£l,.-\ 'Con- 

A'RCTICK. /. [from «,^x7o;.] Northern. 


ARCUATE, a. [areuatus, Lat.] Bent ,n 
the form of an arch. Bacon 

ARCUA'TION. /. [from arcuate.] 

t. The adtof bending any tiling j incur- 

2. The ftate of being bent j curvity, or 

3. [In gardening,] The method of rai- 
ling by layers fuch trees as cannot be raifed 
Irom feed, bending down to the ground the 
branches which fpring from the offsets. 

ARCUBA'LISTER. f. [from arcs, a bow, 
and ba'iftj.'] A croCsbow man. Cair.den, 

ARD. Signifies natural difpofition ; i.i,God- 
dard is a divine. Cimdea. 

A'RDENCY. /. [from ard.nt.] Ardour j 
^eagernefs. B^yle, 

A'RDENT. a. [ardefi!,] Lat. burning.] 

1. Hot ; burning; flery. JS/civton. 

2. Fierce ; vehement. Dryden. 

3. Paflionate ; affeftionate. Pnor, 
A'RDENTLY. ad. [hum ardent.] Eagerly j 

affechonately. Sprat 

A'RDOUR./. [a.rf^r, Lat. heat.] 
r. Heat. 

2. Heat of affesflion, as love, defire, ccnv 
r-^ge. .South. 

3. The perfon ardent or bright. Mikon. 
ARDU'ITY. y. [from arduom.] Height ^ 

d.fficulty. £>/(:?. 
A'RDUOUS. a. [ardum, Lat.] 

1. Lofty ; hard to climb. Pope. 

2. Difficult. ^ou:b 
A'KDUOUSNESS. /. [f;om arduous.] 

Height ; difliculty. 
ARE. The plural of the prefent terfe of 

the verb to be. 
A'REA. /", [Latin.] 

1. The furface contained between any lines 
or bcunJaries. Watts. 

2. Any open furface. H'otttr.. 
To ARE' AD. Toadvifcjtodireft. Par. LcjL 
AREFA'CTION. /. [arefacio, Lat. to dry.] 

The ftate of growing dry j the adt of dry - 

ing. Bacon. 

To .'i'REFY. -v. a. [■arefacio, Lat. to dry.j 

To dry. Bacon. 

ARENA'CEOUS. a. [arena, Lat. fand j 

S.ndy. Wccdzcard, 

ARENO'.SE. a. [from arena, Lat.] Sandy, 
ARE'NULO'JS. a. [from, arcnuta, Lat, 

Ijnd.j Fuji of fir.iil fa.-id ; gravelly. 


A R I 

AREO'TTCK. a. [afaiori^a.] Sucli msdi- 

cines as open the pores. 
AT.GENT. a. {horn ar gem urn, Lat. filver.] 

I. Having the white colour ufcd in the 

coats of gentlemen. 

z. Silver J bright like filver. 
A'RGIL. /. [argiUa, Lat.] Potters clay. 
ARGILLA' [from <3.;f;7.]Clayey ; 

corififting of argil, or potter's clay. 
ARGILLOUS. o. [from argil.'[ Confift- 

ing of clay j clayifli ; Bro'wn. 

A'RGOSY. [from Argo, the name of Ja- 

fon's fliip.] A large veffel for merchan- 

dife ; a carrack. Shakefpeare. 

To A'RGUE. -v. r. [arguo, Lat. j 

1. To reafon ; to offer realons. Locke. 

2. To perfuade by argument. Congre-ue. 

3. To difputc. Locke. 
To A'RGUE. -v. a. 

2. To prove any thing by argument. 


2. To debate any queftion. 

3. To prove, as an argument. 

Par. Lofi. Ne-wtov. 

4. To charge with, as a crime. Dryden, 
A'KGUER. /. [fro.m argue.'\ A reafoner ; 

a difputer. Decay 0/ Piety. 

A'RGUMENT. /. [argumentum, Lat.] 
I. A reafon alleged for or againlt any 
thing. Locke. 

a. The fubjed of any difcourfe or writing. 
Miltoiu Sprat. 
3. The contents of any work fummed up 
by way of abftraift. Dryden. 

4.. Controverfy. Locke. 

ARGUME'NTAL. J. {(xom argument,'] Be- 
longing to argument. Pope. 

ARGUMENTATION./, [from argument.] 
Reafoning j the aft of reafoning. 

ARGUME'NTATIVE. a. [i:om argument.] 
Confifting of argument ; containing argu- 
ment, Atterbury. 

ARGUTE, a. [arguto, Ital. argutut, Lat.j 

1. Subtile 5 witty 5 fliarp. 

2. Shrill. 

A'RID. a. [aridus, Lat. dry.] Dry ; parch- 
ed up. Arl-uihnot. 

ARI'DITY. /. [from arid.'] 

I. Drynel's ; ficcity. Arbuthnot. 

a. A kind of infenfibility in devotion. 


A'RIES. f. [Lst.] The ram ; one of the 
twelve figns of the zodiack. Thomfon. 

To ARI'ETATE. -v. n. [aneto, Lat.] To 
butt like a ram. To ftnke in imitation 
of the blows which rams give with their 

ARIETA'TION. /. [from arietate.] 
I. The ail of butting like a ram, 
a. The a£l of battering with an engine 
tailed a ram. Baron, 

3. The aO. of flriking, or conflicting in 
general. Chnvillc, 

A R M 

ARWr-TA. f. [Ital. in mufick.] A llioit 

air, fong, or tune. 
ARI'GHT. ad. [from a and right, 

1. Rightly; without errour. Dryden. 

2. Rightly J witliout crime. Pfalm. 

3. Rightly; without failing of the end de- 
signed. Dryden, 

ARIOLA'TIGN. [larioJus, Lat.] Sooth- 

f'lying- Broicn. 

To ARI'SE. -v, n. pret arofe, parti, arifen. 

1. To mount upward as the fun. Dryden. 

2. To get up as from fleep, or from reft. 


3. To come into view, as from obfcurity. 


4. To revive from death. Ifaiah. 

5. To proceed, or have its original. Z)/-^</. 

6. To enter upon a new ftation. Cowley, 

7. To commence hoftility. i Samuel. 
ARISTG'CRACY. /. [ i^i^-o; K^alioo. ] 

That form of government which places the 
fupreme power in the nobles. Szvift. 

ARISTOCRATICAL. a. [iiom arijlocracy.] 
Relating to ariftocracy. Ayliffe. 

ARISTOCRA'TICALNESS. /.[from arijlo- 
cratical.] An arillocratical ftate. 

ARI'THMANCY./ [a^i.V=?,and^avl£ia,] 
A foretelling future events by number.s. 

ARITHME'TICAL. a. [from arithmeiick.] 
According to the rules or method of arith. 
metick. Netvton. 

ARITHMETICALLY, ad. [from arithme- 
tical. In an arithmetical manner. 


ARITHMETI'CIAN. /". [from aritkmetich] 
A mafter of the art of numbers. Addijon. 

ARITHMETICK. / [a^i V? and ix{[^i^.] 
The fcience of numbers j the art of com- 
putation. Baylor. 

ARK. /. \arca^ Lat. a cheft.] 

I- A velTel to fwi.m upon the water, ufu- 
ally applied to that in which Noah was pre- 
ferved from the univerfal deluge. Milton. 
2. The repoficory of the covenant of God 
with the Jews. 

ARM. / [ejpm, erjim, Sax.] 

1. The limb which reaches from the hand 
to the rtioulder. Dryden, 

2. The large bough of a tree. Sidney, 

3. A.n inlet of water from the fea. Norm. 

4. Power J might. As the fecular arm. 

ARM'S END. A due diftance. A phrafe 
taken from boxing. Sidney. 

To ARM. -v. a. [a mo, Lat.] 

1. To furnilli with armour of defence, or 
weapons of offence. Pope, 

2. To plate with any thing tliat may add 
ftrength. Shakejpea'-e. 

3. To fuinifli J to fit up. Walton. 
To ARM. i>. n. 

I. To take arms. Shakefpeare- 

a. To provide againft. Spenjer- 



^UMA'DA. f. [Span. aHeetof war,] An 
armament for fea. Fairfax, 

ARMADl'LLO. f. [Spanifli.] A four-foot- 
ed animal of Brafil, as big as a cat, with 
a fnout like a hog, a tail like a lizard, 
and feet like a hedge-hog. He is armed 
all over with hard fcales like armour. 

A'RMAMENT. /. [amumentum, Lat.J A 
naval force. 

A'RMATURE. /. [armatura, Lat.j Ar- 
mour, Ray. 

ARMED C!:jir. f. [from armed ind chair'.] 
An elbow chair. 

ARME'NIAN Boli. f. A fatty medicinal 
kind of earth. 

ARMENIAN Siorf, f, A mineral ftone or 
earth of a blue colour, fpotted with green, 
black and yellow. 

ARME'NTAL. 7 Belonging to a drove or 

A'RMENTINE. 5 herd of cattle, 

A'RMGAUNT. a. [(torn arm and gau>,t.] 
Slender as the ariri. Sbakejpeare. 

ARM-HOLE. /. [from arm and bok.j The 
cavity under the flioulder. Bacon. 

ARMl'GEROUlJ. a. [from armiger, Lat.j 
Bear. lie arms. 

A'RMILLARY. a. [from armilla.] Re- 
fembling a bracelet. 

A'RMILLA TED. a. [ armillatus, Lat, ] 
Wearing bracelets. Dtfi. 

A'RMINGS. /. [in a fhip.] The fame with 

ARMI'POTENCE. [arnia, fotextia.] Pow- 
er in war. 

ARMl'POTENT. a. [armi[iottnt.'\ Mighty 
in war, " DryJ,-rj. 

A'R^'ISTICE. /. [armi/iitium, Lat.] A 
ihorc truce. 

A'RMLET. /. [from<2r«.] 
J. A httle arm. 

a. A piece of armour for the arm. 
3. A bracelet for tha arm. Donne, 

ARMOXI'ACK. /. [erroneoufiy fo written 
for .immaniar.J 

A'RMORER, J. [armorier, Fr.] 

J. He that mak'cs armour, or weapons. 

%, He that drefles another in armour. 


ARMO'RLAL. a. [arworial, Fr.] Belong- 
ing to the arms or efcutcheon of a family. 

A'RMORY. /. [from armow .] 

I. The place in which arms are repofiteJ 
for ufe. South. 

1. Armour; arms of defence. Tar. Loft. 
3. Enfigns armorial. Fairy Slueen. 

A'RMOUR, /. \_arn:aturay Lat.] Defen- 
live arms. South. 

A'RMOUR BEARER. /. [from rtrmoar and 
bear.'] He th:.t carries the armour of 
another. Drydcn, 

A'RMPIT. /. [from arm and ;.;;.] The 
hgllovv place uiidtt the fiioulder. Stvifi, 

A R R 

ARM.S. /. tuithout the ftngular number, 
[arm 7, Lat.] 

1. Weapons of offence, or armour of de- 
fence. Pott, 

2. A ftateof hodility. Shakffpe'dre, 

3. War in general. Dryder.. 

4. Aiftion; the aft of taking arms. M/fop. 
<;. The enfigns armorial of a family. 

A'RMY. /. larTre'e, Fr.] 
^i. A coUedtion of armed men, obliged to 
'obey one man. Locke, 

1. A great number. Shakefpeare. 

AROMA'TICAL.a. [iiom aromatick.] Spi- 
cy ; fragr^int. Bacon. 

AROMA'TICK..!, [from aroma, Lat.fpice.] 

1. Spicy. Dry den. 

2. Fragrant ; flionj fcented. Pope. 
AROMA'TICKS. /. Spices. Rahigb. 
AROMATIZA'TION./. [ixom arcmaiixe,\ 

The mingling of aromatick fpices. 
To ARO'MATIZE. -v. a. Iftomanma, Lat. 

1 , To fcent with fpices ; to Impregnate 
with fpices. Bacor, 

2. To fcent ; to perfume. Brown, 
ARO'SE. The preterite of the verb arife, 
ARO'UND. ad. [from a and round.} 

1. In a circle, Dryden, 

2, On every fide. 

AROUND, frep. About. Drjdn. 

To ARO'USE. V. a. [from a and rouje.] 

1. To wake from fleep. 

2. To raife up j to excite. Tbomfort, 
ARO'W. ad. [from .'i and row.] In a row. 

Sidney, Dryden. 

ARO'YNT. Be gone ; away. Shakefpeart. 

A'RQIJEBUSE. /. A hand gun. 'Bacon, 

A'RQUEBUSIER. /, [from arquebufe,] A 
ibldier armed with an arquebuic, Knollet. 

ARRACK. A fpirit procured by diftillation 
from a vegetable juice called toddy, which 
flows by incifionout of the cocoa-nut tree, 

A'RR ACk. One of the quickeft plants both 
in coming up and running to feed, 


To ARRAIGN, 'j. a. [nrrarger, Fr. to 
fet in order,] 

J. To fet a- thing in order, in its place, 
A prilbner is faid arraigned, when he 
is brought forth to bis trial, Coii-et. 

2. To accuie ; to charge with faults in 
general, as in conctoverfy, or in fatire, 


ARRA'IGNMENT./. \Jtom arraign.] The 
act of arraigning ; a charge. Dryden^ 

To ARRANGE, -v. a. [arranger, Fr.] To 
put in the proper order for any purpol'e. 

Fairy iQu^fff. 

ARRA'NCEMENT. /. [from arrange,] 
The a(ft of putting in proper order ; the 
Hate of being put m order. Cbcyne. 

A'RRANT. a. From errant. Bad in a high 

degree. Dryden. 


A R R 

A'RRANTLY. a. [from arrant.'\ Cor- 
ruptly ; fhamefuily. VEJirange. 

A'RRAS. /. [from Arras, a town in Attois ] 
Tapeflry. Der.ham. 

ARRA'UGHT. Seized by violence. 

Fairy Siueen. 

ARRA'Y. /. {arroy, Fr.] 

I. Drefs. Dryden. 

3. Order of battle. 

3. In law. The ranking or fetting. 


To ARRAY. V. a, [arrcyer, old Fr.] 
I. To put in order. 
a. T^ deck ; to drefs. Drydcn. 

ARRA'YERS. /. [from army.] Officrs 
■who anciently had the care of feeing che 
foldiers duly appointed in their armour. 

ARRl^-'AR. a. [arriere, Fr. behind.] Behind. 

ARRE'AR. /. That which remains behind 
unpaid, though due. Locke, 

ARRE'ARAGE. The remainder of an ac- 
count, ^o''"^'- 

ARRENTA'TION. /. [ from arrendar, 
Span, to farm.] The hcenfing an owner 
of lands in the toreft, to inclofe. 

ARREPTl'TIOUS. a. [arreftui, Lac] 

1. Snatched away. 

2. Crept in privily, 

ARRE'ST. /. [from arrefler, Fr-. to flop ] 

1. In law. A flop or flay. An arrefl is 
a reftraint of a man's perfon. Coivel. 

2. Any caption, Taylor, 
To ARRE'ST. -v. a. [arrefier, Fr.] 

1. To feize by a mandate from a court. 


2. To feize any thing by law. Sbakejpeare. 

3. To feiza ; to lay hands on. i>ou!l>. 

4. To with-hold ; to hinder, Da-vics. 

5. To fi;op motion. Boyk. 
ARRE'ST. A mangey humour between the 

ham and the paftein of the hinder legs of 

ahorfe. ^ ^'^■ 

To ARRl'DE. -v. a. [arndeo, Lat.] 

1, To laugh at. 

a. To fmile J to look pleafantly upon one. 
ARRIERE- /• [French,] The hft body of 

an army. Haywod. 

ARRl'ilON. /. [arrifm, Lat.] A Imiling 

upon, I n' r 

ARRi'VAL, f- [from flr;7w.] Theattof 
coming to any place ; the attainment^ of 

any purpol 


ARRI'YANCE. /. [from flww. I 
paov coming. ^baL-fpeare. 

To ARRIVE. i<. n. [arri-vrr, Fr.] 
J. To come to any place by water. 

2, To reach any place by travdlirg. 


3, To reach any point. ^'^^'' 

4, ') o gain any thing. Addijcn. 
e. To happen. Waller. 

TJ'aRRO'DE. "j, a, [arrcdo. Lnt.] To 
gnaw or nibble. •^'^' 


A'RROGANCE. 7 /. [arregarti'a, Lit.] 

A'RROC-^NCY. 5 The aft or quality cf 
taking much upon one's felf. Dryden. 

A'RROGANT. a. [arrogans, Lat.] Haugh- 
ty ; proud. Temple. 

A'RROGANTLY. a. [from arrogant.'] 
In an irroefint manner. Dryden. 

A'RROGANTNESS. /. [from arrogant.^ 

To AT.ROGATE. -v. a. [arrogn, Lat,] To 
claim vainly ; to exhibit unjuft claims. 

ARRCGA'TION. /. [from arrogate.} A 
clain 'iig in a proud manner. 

ARP.O'SION. /. [from arofus, Lat.] A 

ARRO'W. /. [sp-pe, Sax.] The pointed 
weapon which is /hot from a bow. Hayivard, 

A'RROWHEAD. j. [ftom arrow znA head. \ 
A w^ter plant. 

A'RROWY. a. [from arrow.} Confift- 
ing of arrows. Par. Lofi, 

ARSE. /. [eaj-ri", Sax.] The buttocks. 

To hang an ARbE. To be tardy, fluggilh. 

ARSE FOOT. /. A kind of water fowl. 

ARSE SMART. A plant. 

A'RSENAL. /. \arfenale, Ital.] A repo- 
fitary of things requifite to war j a maga- 
zine. Addison, 

ARSE'NICAL. a. [from arjen\d.1 Con- 
taining arfenick. If oodiuard, 

A'RSEMCK. /. [aoa-hf/.oi.'] A ponderous 
miner;)! f';hiiance, volatile and uninflam- 
mable, which gives a whirenefs to metals 
in fufion, and proves a violent corrofive 
poifon. fVcodivard, 

ART. /. [arte, Fr. ars, Lat.] 

I. The power of doing Something not 
taught by nature and inftinft. Po^e. 

a. A fciencc j as, the iibeiai ar.'j. 

Ben. Jchnjon, 

3. A trnde. Boyk. 

4. Artfulnefs } Ikill ; dexterity. Sbakefp. 

5. Cunning. 

6. Speculation. Siakefpeare. 
ARTE'RIAL. d. [from artery.] That 

which relates to the artery 5 that which is 
contained in the arterv. Bluckmore. 

ARTERIO'TOMY. f.' [Uom a^VcU, and 
rsf^rVixj, to cut.] The operation of letting 
blood from the arteiy, 

A'RTERY. /. [arterux, Lat.] An artery ia 
a c.inical cinal, conveying the blood from 
the heart to all parts of the body. S^uincy, 

A'RTFUL. a. [fiom art mo full.] 

1. Performed with art. Dryden. 

2. Artificial j not natural. 

3. Cunning; ikilful ; dcxterou?. Pope. 
A'RTFULLY. ad. [from artful.] With 

art ; /kilfully. Rogeru 

A'RTFULNESS. /. [from artful.] 

I. Skill. Cbeyne, 

i. Cunning. 




I. Gouty ; relating to the gout. Arbutb. 
7.. Relating to joints. Brotvn, 

ARTHRITIS. /. [a^^-YTif] The gout. 

A'RTICHOKE. /. [artichault, Fr.J This 
plant is 9ery like the thiftle, but hath 
large fcaly heads /liaped like the cone of 
the pine tree, Millar. 

A'RTICK. a. [It fhould be written ara,ck.'[ 
Northern. Dryden, 

A'RTICLE. /. [artkulas, Lat ] 

1. A part of fpeeth, as the, an. 

2. A fingle claufe of an account j a parti- 
cular part of any complex thing. Tilhtfon. 

3. Term ; ftipulation. Sbakefpeare, 

4. Point of time ; exaft time. Clarendon, 
To A'RTICLE. 1/. n. [from the noun arti- 

cle.'\ To ftipulate J to make terms. 


To ARTICLE, -v. a. To draw up in par- 
ticular articles. Taylor, 

ARTI'CULAR. a. [^rticularis, Lat. be- 
longing to the joints.] 

ARTI'CULATE. a. [fiom artkulus, Lat.] 

1. Diftina. Milton. 

2. Branched out into articles. Bacon. 
To ARTI'CULATE. -v. a. [from ariiJe.^ 

1. To form words j to fpeak as a man. 


2. To draw up in articles. Sbake]p:are^ 

3. To make terms. iihakejpeare, 
ARTI'CULATELY. ad. [from art-.culate.] 

In an articuhte voice. Decay of Piety, 

ARTI CULATENESS. /. [from a'tuulate.^ 

The quality of being articulate. 
ARTICULA'TION. /. [from articu'atel 

1. Thejunfture, or joint of bones. Ray. 

2. The a<£l of forming words.' Holder, 

3. [In botany.] The joints in plants. 
A'RTIFICE. /. [artifcium, Lat.] 

1. Trick J fraud j ftratagem. South, 

2. Art ; trade. 
ARTI'FICER. /. [attlfcx, Lat.] 

1. An artift J a manufadturer. Sidney. 

2. A forger ; a contriver. Par. Loji. 

3. A dexterous or artful fellow. B. Jobnf, 
ARTIFI'CIAL. a. [artiJici.L] Fr.] 

1. Made by art j not natural. Wilkins. 

2. FiCTitious ; not genuine. Shakefp. 

3. Artful ; contrived with /kill. Tfnifle, 
ARTIFI'CIALLY. od. [from artificial.] 

1. Artfully J with fkill j with good con- 
trivance. Ray. 

2. By art ; not naturally. Addijon, 
ARTIFI'CIALNEESS. /. [from artificial] 

ARTI'LLERY. /. Ii has no plural, [artill- 
erie, Fr.] 

1. Weapons of war. Bible, 

2. Cannon j great ordnance, Denbatn, 
ARTISA'N. /. [French. 

I. Artift J profelTor of an art, Wittton, 

:a s b 

4.' Manufaflurer ; low tradefman, Addifoni 
A'RTIsT. /. [.atifie, Fr.] 

1, The profellor of an art. Nr'wtor, 

2. A fkilful man ; not a novice. Locke. 
A'RTLE.^LY. ad. [ftomart/efs.] In an art- 

lefs manner ; naturally j fincereiy. Pope. 
A'RTLESS. a. [from art and lefs.] 

1. Unlkilful. Dryden, 

2. Without fraud ; as, an jrf/<f/i maid. 

3. Contrived without fkill j as, zaartlefs 

To A'RTUATE. -v. [ artuatus, Lat. ] 

To tenr limb from limb. 
ARUNDINA'CIOU.3, a, [ arundinaceut, 

Lat.] Of or like reeds. 
ARUNDI'NEOUS. a. [arundineus, Lat.] 

Abounding with reeds; 
As. cotijuniJ. [a/i, Teut.] 

1. In the fame manner with fomething 
elfe. Sbakefpeare. 

2. In the manner that. Dryden, 

3. That J in a confequential fenfe. 


4. In the ftate of another. A. Philips, 

5. Under a particular confidcration. Cay, 

6. Like; of the fame kind with. Watts, 

7. In the fame degree with. Biackmorcm 

8. As if J in the fame manner. Dryden, 

9. According to what. i Cor^ 

10. As it were ; in fome fort. Bacon. 

11. While; at the fame time that. 

Ii. Becaufe. Taylor. 

13. As being. Bacon, 

14. Equally. Dryden. 

15. How; in what manner. Boyle. 

16. With J anfwering to iike or fame. 


l-j. In a reciprocal fenTe, anfwering toar. 


18. Gning before m, in a comparative 
fcnfe ; the firli as being fometimes under- 
ftood. Bright (7j the lun. Crarmlle.. 

19. AnCivering to j'uih. TiHotfotu 

20. Having /:- to anfwer it ; in the con- 
ditional ftnlc. Locke. 

21. Anfwer:ngto/» conditionally. Dryd.^r. 

22. In a fenl'e a comparifon, foilosved by 
fo. Pope. 

23. As FOR ; with refpefl to, Dryden. 
24.. As TO ; with refueft to. Siaft. 
2^. As WELL A3 ; equally with. Locke, 
26. As THOUGH ; as if. Sharp. 

A'SS A FOETID A.f A gum or refn brought 
from the Eaft Indies, of a /harp tiRe, and 
a ftrong offeufive fmtU, 

ASARABA'CCA. f. [afarum, Lat.j 
name of a plant. Millar. 

ASBE'STINE. a. [from afbefios.] Some- 
thing incombuftible. 

ASBE'STOS. f. [air/3£«-©^-]- A fort of na- 
tive fofiile ftor.e, which may be fpht inro 
threap and filaments, from one inch to 
K X tea 

A S C 

ten inches in length, very fine, brittle, 
yet fomewhat tradable. It is endued with 
the wonderful property of remaining un- 
confumed in the fire, which only whitens 
ASCA'RIDES.f. [aVxajioE.-, from aVxa^i'!;*;, 
to leap.] Little worms in the redum. 

To ASCE'ND. T. n. [afcenio, Lat, j 

1. To mount upwards. Milton, 

2. To proceed from one degree of know- 
ledge to another. M^atts. 

3. To ftand higher in genealogy. Broome. 
To ASCEND. V. a. To climb up any thing. 

ASCENDANT. /. [from ajcend.'] 

1. The part of the ecliptick at any parti- 
cular time above the horjzon, which is 
fuppofcd by aftrologeri to have great influ- 
a. Height ; elevation. I'cmplc 

3. Superiority ; influence. Clarendon. 

4. One of the degrees of kindred reckoned 
upwards. j4yliffe. 


J. Superiour J predominant; overpower- 
ing. South. 
a. In an aftrological fenfe, above the ho- 
rizon. Brotim. 

ASCE'NDENCY. /. [from ajcend.'\ Influ- 
ence ; power. Watti. 

ASCENSION. /. [cifcenfio, Lat.] 

1. The iCt of afcending or rifing. 

2. The vifible elevation of our Saviour to 
3 The thing rifing, or mounting. 

ASCE'NSION DAY. The day on which 
the afcenfion of our Saviour is commemo- 
rated, commonly called Holy Thuriday ; 
the Thurfday but one before Whitfuntide. 
ASCE'NSIVE. a. [from d/««(/.] In a ftate 
of akent. Btnivn. 

ASCE'NT. /. [afcenfus, Lat.] 

I. Rife ; the a£> of rifing. Milton. 

a. The way by which oneafcends. Baca. 
3. An eminence, or high place. Addijon, 
To ASCERTA'IN. -v. a. [acertener, Fr] 
I, To make certain ; to fix } to eftablifli. 


1. To make confident. Hammond. 

ASCERTA'INER./. [ixc^maUertain.l The 

petfon that proves or eftabltihes. 
ASCERTAINMENT. /. [from ajcertain.'\ 
A fettled rule. Sicift. 

ASCE'TICK. a. [ «Vxrn.:(oc. ] Employed 
wholly inexercifcs of devotion and morti- 
fication. South. 
ASCE'TICK.. /. He that retires to devotion ; 
a hermit. Norrh. 
A'SCII f. It haino Jingular . [a. and rxia.j 
Thofe people who, atceitain Cimes of the 


year, have no (hadow at noonj fuch are 
the inhabitants of the torrid zone. 
ASCITES. /. [from aVx;)?, a bladder.] A 
particular fpecies of dropfy ; a fwelling of 
the lower belly and depending parts, from 
an extravafation of water. 
ASCl'TICAL.7a. [from fl/c;>«.] Dropff- 
ASCI'TICK. 5 cal ; hydropical. 
ASCiri'i lOUS. a. [afcititius, Lat.] Sup- 
plemental ; additional. Pofie. 
ASCRl'BABLE. a. [from a/a/ie.] ThsJ 
which may beafctibed. Boyle, 
To ASCRIBE, -v. a. [dfcribo, Lat.] 

I. To attribute to as a caufe. Dryden, 

2 To attribute to as a poffeflbr. Tilktfon. 

ASCRI'PTION. /. {ajcnptio, Lat.] The 

aft of afcribiiig. Di5}. 

ASCRIPTI'TIOUS. a. [afcriptkius, Lat.] 

That which is afcribed, 
ASH. /. [fraxinus, Lat. xfc. Saxon.] A 
tree. Dryden. 

ASH COLOURED, a. [from ajh and colour.] 
Coloured between brown and grey. 


ASHA'MED. a. [from pame.} Touched 

with fhanie, Taylor. 

A'SHEN. a. [from aJh.] Made of afh 

wood. Dryden. 

A'SHES, /. ivantsthejinguhr, [sj-ca. Sax.] 

1. The remains of any thing burnt. 


2. The remain'^ of the body. Pefe. 
ASHWEDNESNAY. /. The firft day of 

Lent, fo called from the ancient cuflomcf 

fpi inkling aflies on the head. 
A'SHLAR. /. [with mafons.] Free Hones 

as ihey come out of the quarry. 
A'SHLERING. /. [with builders.] Quar. 

tering in garrets. Builder, 

ASHO'RE. ad. [from a and /bore.'] 

1. On fhore ; on the land, Raltigh. 

2. To the fhore ; to the land. Miltojf. 
A'SHWEED. /. [from ap ani -weed.] An 

A'SHY. a. [from ajb.] Afli coloured ; 

pale; inclining to a whitifli grey. Stakeff. 
ASI'DE ad. [from a and Jtde.] 

1. To one fide. Dryden. 

2. To another parti Bacon, 

3. From the company. Mark. 
A'SINARY. a. [ajinanus, Lat. Belonging 

to an afs. 

A'SININE. a. [from afmui, Lat.] Belong- 
ing to an afs. Milton. 

To ASK. V. a. [aprian, Saxon.] 

1. Te petition ; to beg. Sioifc, 

2. To demand ; to claim. Dryden, 

3. To enquire; toquefiion. Jeremiah. 
4.. To require. Addijln, 




ASKA'UNT. a/i. Obliquely; on one fide, 

A'SKER. /. [from j/.] 

1. Petitioner. South, 

2. Enquiier. Dtgt>y. 
A'SKER. /. A water newt. 
ASKE'W. ad. [from a and j^cw.] Afide ; 

with contempt ; contemptuoufly. Prior. 

To ASLA'KE. -v. a. [from a and faL-, or 
fi^ck.'\ To remit J to llacken. Spcvfer. 

ASLA'NT. ^id. [from a and fiant.'] Ob- 
liquely • on one fiJe. Dryden. 

ASLEEP, ad. [from a indp,p.} 

1. Sleeping ; at reft. Dryden. 

2. To deep. Milton. 
ASLO'PE. ad. [from a and flo{>s.'\ With 

declivity ; objrquely. Hudibrai. 

ASP. or As PICK. /. A kind of ferpent, 
vvhofe poifon is ib dangerous and quick 
in its operation, that it kills without a 
poffibility of applying any remedy. Thofe 
that are bitten by it, die by deep and le- 
thargy, Milton. 

ASP. f. A tree, 


1, A plant railed the rofe of Jerufalem. 

2. The wood of a pnckly tree, heavy, 
oleaginous, fomcwhat diarp and bitter to 
the tarte, and anciently in much repute 
as an a(>ringent, but now little ufed. 

A'^PA'RAGUS, /'. The name of a plant, 
ASPECT. /. [Jjpcaus, Lat.] 

1. L 'ok 5 air j appearance, Burnet. 

2. Counrenance ; look. Pope. 

3. Glance J view; att cf beholding. 


4. Dire£lion towards any point ; pofition. 


5. Difpr.fition of any thing to fomething 
elfc ; relation. Lode. 

6. Difpoljtion of a planet to other plants. 

Bert ley. 

To ASPE'CT, v. a. [aJpiJo, Latin.] To 
behold. Ternpli. 

ASPE'CTABLE, a. [a-peFJabilh, Latin,] 
Vifible. ' Ray. 

ASPECTION. /, [from afpcB.'^ Behold- 
ing ; view. Bacon. 

A'SPEN. /, [e^•r^, Saxon,] The leaves of 
this tree always tremble. Spenfer. 

ASPEN. ". l^txom nfp ox ajpen.l 

1. Belonging to the afp tree. Gay. 

2. Mjde of afpen wood. 

A'SPER. a. [Lat;] Fvoujh ; rugged, ^afow. 
To ASPERATE, v. a. {"^perc, Lat.] To 

make rough. Boyle, 

ASPERA'TiON. /. [from afperate.'\ A 

making roueh. 
ASPERIFOLIOUS, a. [a^per TinA folium, 

Lat.] Plants, fo cillfd from 'fce rough. 

nefj of their leaves. 


ASPE'RITY, /. [afperitas, Lat.] 

1, IJnevennefsj roughnefsof furface. JPcy/^i 

2, Roughnefs of found. 

3, Roughnefs, or ruggednefs of temper. 

ASPERNA'TION. /. [afpernatie, Latin.] 

Negleft ; difregard. " DiB. 

A'SPEROUS. a. [a/per, Latin.] Rougl* j 

uneven. Beyle, 

To ASPE'RSE. 1/. a. [afpergo, Lat.] To 

befpatter with cenfureor calumny, iiivift, 
ASPE'RSION. /, [afperfio, Lat.] 

1. A fprinkling. Hhakefpcare, 

2. Calumny ; cenfure. Dryden. 
ASPHA'LTICK. a. {itomafpkaltot.'] Gum- 
my ; bituminous. Milton. 

ASPHALTOS. /. [aV.j)aXTof, bitumen.] 
A folid, brittle, black, bituminous, in- 
flammable fubftance, refembling pitch, and 
chiefly found fwimming on the furface of 
the Lacui A'phaltites, or Dead fea, where 
anciently flood the cities of Sodom and 

ASPHALtUM. f. [Latin.] A bituminous 
flone found near the ancient Babylon. 

A'SPHODEL. /. [afphoddus, Latin.] Day- 
lilly. Pope. 

A'SPICK. /. [See Asp.] The name of a 
ferpent. Addifon. 

To ASPIRATE, v. a. [ofpiro. Lit.] To 
pronounce wrth full breath ; as, horje, bo^. 

To ASPIRATE, -v. «. {afpiro, Lat.] To 
be pronounced with full breath. Dryden. 

ASPIRATE, a. [afpiratus, Latin.] Pro- 
nounced with full breath. Holder, 

ASPIRA'TION. /, [afpiraiio, Lat,] ■ 

1. A bieathing after ; an ardent wilh. 


2. The a£l of afpiring, or defiring fome- 
thing high. Shakejpeare. 

3. 'J"he pronounciation cf a vowel with 
full breath. Holder, 

To ASPI RE. -v, r.. [afpiro, Lat.] 

T. To defire witheagernefs ; to pant after 
fomething higher. Sidney^ D.Tvies, 

2. To rife higher. Waller. 

ASPORTA'TION. /. lafportatio, Latin.] 
A carrying away. Dili. 

ASQU'INT. ad. [from tf and /^w«r.] Ob- 
liquely J not in the ftrait line of vifion. 


ASS. /, [afinut, Lat.] 

I, An animal of burden, Shaieffieare. 

a. A flupid, heavy, dull fellow; a dole. 


To ASSA'IL. V. a. [afailler, Fr.j 

1. To attack in a hoftjle manner; to af- 
fault ; to fall upon. Spenf.r. 

2. To attack with argument, or cenfure. 


AS^AI LABLE, ^.[froin afai!.] That which . 

may be attatkec}, Sbakefprart,- 



ASSA'ILANT. /. [aJfjiUatit, Fr.] He that 
attacks. Hayivard, 

ASSA'ILANT. a. Attacking j invading. 


ASSA'ILER. /. [from ajail.] One who at- 
tacks another. SiJficv, 

ASSAPA'NICK. /. The flying fquirrd.' 

ASSA'RT. /. [ejart, Fr.] An offence com- 
mitted in the foreftj by plucking up woods 
by the roots, Coivdl, 

ASSA'SSIN. 7 /. [ aff:,Jw, Fr. ] A 

ASSA'SSIN ATE. 5 murderer ; one that kills 
by fudden violence. Pope. 

ASSA'SINATE. /. [from ajfajfin.'\ The 
crime of an alTaflin j murder. Fafe. 

To ASSA'SSINATE. -v. a. [from afajii.] 
3. To murder by violence. Drydcn, 

Si To way-lay j to take b^ treachery. 


ASSASSINATION./, [from aJTaffir.a'e.] 
The aft of alTaflinating. Clarendon. 

ASSASSINA'TOR. /. [ from ajfajjinau. ] 
Murderer ; mankiller. 

ASSA'TION. /. {affatuiy roafted, Lat. ] 

\ Roafting. Eronvn. 

ASSA'ULT. /. \_aJifauU, French.] 

1, Storm ; oppoled x.o jap or fiege. Bacon, 

2. Violence. Spcnjer. 

3, Invafionj hoftility; s.nzck. Clarendon. 

4. In law. A violent kind of injury of- 
fered to a man's perfon, Coivell. 

To ASSA'ULT. -u. a. [from the noun] 
To attack ; to invade. Dryden. 

ASSA'ULTER. /. [from aJJ'uult.] One who 
violently alTaulti another, Sidney, 

ASSA'Y. /, [ejfayey Fr.] 

X. Examination. Shahefp'ari, 

2. In law. The examination of mealures 
and weights ufed by the clerk of the mar- 
ket. Cotvcl!. 

3. The firft entrance upon any thing. 


4. Attack ; trouble. Spevjer, 
To ASSA'Y. •:.'. a. [cjfayer, Fr,] 

J , To make trial of. Haytoard. 

. a. To apply to, as the touchftone in af- 
faying metals. Milton. 

3. To try i to endeavour. Samuel. 

ASSA'YER. /. [from '>py'\ An officer of 

the mint, for the due trial of filver. Coivell, 


ASSECTA'TION. /. [aje^aiio, Lat.] At- 
tendance. DiB. 

ASSECUTION. /. [from ajfequor, afecutum, 
to obtain,] Acquirement. /lylijfe. 

ASSE'MBLAGE. /. [aJI'emblage, Fr.j A 
coUedtion; a number of individuals brought 
together. Locke. 

To ASSE'MBLF. -v. a. [aJfembJer, Fr.] To 
bring together into one place. Shakejp. 

To ASSE'MBLE. f. ff. To meet together. 



ASSE'MBLV. /. [nJfembW,, Fr.] A com- 
pany met together. Shakcfpeard 
ASSE'N r. /. [^J^nfus, Lat.] 

1. The act of agreeing to any thing. Locke. 

2. Confent ; agreement. Hooker. 
To ASSE'NT. T'. n. [ajintire, Lat.j To 

concede ; to yield to. y?ffi. 

ASSENTA'TION-. /. [a/Jentario, Latin.] 
Compliance with the opinion of another 
oat of flattery. D:ff, 

ASSE'NTMENT. /. [(lomajenr.l C^nfent. 


To ASSE RT. -v. a. [njfero, Lat.] 

I. Tomainiainj to defend either by words 
or adlions. Dyden, 

a. To affirm. 

3. To claim } to vindicate a title to. 

ASSE'RTION. /. [from afert.] The adt 

of afl'erting. 

ASSE'llTlVE. a. [from ajfert.] Pofitue 5 

dogmatical. Glanville. 

ASSE'RTOR. /. [from ajfcrt.] Maintainerj 

vindicator ; affirmer. Prior, 

To ASSE'RVE. -v. a. [ajfer-vio, Lat.] To 

ferve, help, or fecond. Ditl. 

ToASSE'SS. -v. a. [from ajfeftarc, Ital.] 

To charge with any certain fum. Bacon. 
ASSE'S:ilON. /. laJJ'.-Jio, Lat.] A fitting 

down by one. DiB, 

ASSE'SSMENT. /. [from to afefs.] 

I. The fum levied on certain property. 

a. The ad of aflefling. Hoivel, 

ASSE'SSOR. /. iaffeffor, Lat.] 

1. The perfon that fits by the judge, 


2. He that fits by another as next in dig- 
nity. Milton. 

3. He that lays taxes ; from ajfefi. 
A'iiSETS./. "jjithout the fingular . [d/c«,Fr,] 

Goods fufficient to difcharge that burden> 
which is caft upon the executor or heir. 


To ASSE'VER. 7 -v. a. To affirm with 

To ASSE'VER ATE. 5 great folemnity, as 
upon oath. 

ASSEVERATION. /. [from af-verare.} 
Solemn affirmation, as upon oath. Hooker. 

A'SSHE.-ID. /. [from afs and head.] A 
blockhead. Shakefpeare. 

ASSIDU'ITY. /. [ajfftduite, Fr,] Diligence, 


ASSI'DUOUS. a. ['^JJiduus, Lat.] ConlJant 
in application. Prior. 

ASSIDUOUSLY. (Jr/. [dom ajfiduou:.] Di- 
ligently ; continually. Bentley, 

ASSIENTO. /. [In Spanifh, a contraft or 
bargain.] A contratl or convention be- 
tween the king of Spain and other powers, 
for furnilhing the Spanifh dominions ia 
AtRsiica with (laves, 



To ASSI'GN. -u. a. [affigner, Fr.] 

I. To mark out ; to appoint. AdJifon, 
a. To fix with regard to quantity or value. 

3. Inlaw. To appoint a deputy, or make 
over a right to another. Coiosll. 

ASSIGNABLE, a. [from aj[iyn.'\ That 
which may be marked out, ur fixed. South, 

ASSIGNA'TION. /. {affignat-.o, Lat.] 
I, An appointment to meet 3 ufed gene- 
rally of love appointments. ^wji, 
1, A making over a thing to amther. 

ASSIGNEE'. /. \_a£:gr.c, Fr.] He that is 
appointed or deputed by another, to do 
any aft, or perform any bufinefs, or enjoy 
any commodity. C;wf//. 

ASSI'GNER. /. [from ajfign.1 He that ap- 
points. Decay of Pietv, 

ASSI'GNMENT./. [from ajfgn.] Appoint, 
ment of one thing with regard to another 
thing or perfon. Locke. 

ASSI'MILABLE. a. [from affimilate.] That 
which may be converted to the fame na- 
ture with fomething elfe. Brcnun. 

To ASSI'MILATE. v. a. {ajfmik, Lat.] 

1. To convert to the fame nature wiih 
another thing. Nsicton. 

2. To bring to a likenefs, or refemblance. 

ASSI'MILATENESS. /. [from ajimi/atc] 

Likenefs. Dia. 

ASSIJVIILA'TIOISr. /. [from aff.mllate.] 

1. The aft of converting any thing to the 

nature or fubftance of another. Bacon. 

a. The ftate of being allimilated. Brown. 

3. The aft of growing like fome other 
being, Dccj\' cf Piety, 

To ASSrST. -v. a. [offijicr, Fr. Sjjijh, Lat.] 
To help. Rotnani. 

ASSI STANCE. /. [ajjijlance, Fr.] Help ; 
furtherance. StiUiitgfieet. 

ASSISTANT, a. [from ajnji.'\ Helping; 
lending aid. Hale, 

ASSISTANT. /. [from o/zTy?.] A perfon 
engaged in an affair not as piincipal, but 
as auxiliary or minifteriai. Bacon, 

ASSrZE /. I'jnje, a fitting, Fr.] 

1. An afTembly of knights and other fub- 
flantial men, with the bailiff or juftice, 
in a certain place, and at a certain time. 

2. A jury. 

3. An ordinance or flatute. 

4. The court where the writs are taken. 

Coli I 11. 

5. Any court of j'uftice. Dryden, 

6. AJfi'x-'- of bread, meafure or quantity. 

7. Meafure ; rate. Spcnjer, 
To ASSrZE. ij. a. [from the noun.j To 

fix the rate of any thing. 
ASSrZER. /. [from aj/ize. ] An officer 
that has the care of weights and meafures. 


ASSO'CIABLE. a. [affniabiUs, Lat.] That 

which may be joined to another. 
To ASSO'CIATE. -v. a, [ojfocier, Fr.] 

1. To unite with another as a confederate. 

Shake iprare, 

2. To adopt as a friend upon equal terms. 

D yden, 

3. To accompany. Sbah)pi-are. 
ASSOCIATE, a. [from the verb.] " Con- 
federate. Milton, 

ASSOCIATE. /. [from the verb.] 

1. A partner. Sidney. 

2. A confederate. Hooker. 

3. A com pinion. Wot ton, 
ASSOC! A'TION. /. {i'ce^m. afTodate.^ 

1. Union ; corjunftion 3 fociety. Hooker, 

2. Confederacy. Hooker. 

3. P-irtner/hip. Boyle. 

4. Connedtion. TVaits, 

5. Appofitionj union of mstter. A'(7f/o«, 
A'SSONANCE. /. [ulfonauce, Fr.] Refe- 
rence of one found to another refembling 
it. Dia. 

A'SSONANT. a. [affonant, Fr.] Refemb- 
ling another found. Diii, 

To ASSORT, -v. a. [affertir, Fr.] To 
range in clafTes. 

To ASSO'RT. -v. a. [from /or ; ajfoter, Fr.] 
To infatuate. Spenjer. 

To ASSUA'GE. V. a. [rps-j-, Saxon.] 
1. To mitigate; to foftcn. Addifon. 

1. To appeafe 3 to pacify. Clarendon, 

3. To eafe. 

To ASSUAGE, -u. n. To abate. Genefts. 

ASSUAGEMENT./, [fiom ajuage.} What 
mitigates or foftens. ispenfer, 

ASSUA'GER. /. [ixom ajuage.'\ One who 
pacifies or appeafes. 

ASSUA'SIVE. a. {hom ojfuage.1 Soften- 
ing ; mitigating. Pofj. 

To ASSU'BJUGATE. -v. a. [fubjugo, Lat.] 
To fubjeft to. Sbakejpeare. 

ASSUEI-A'CTION. /. {affucfazio, Latin.] 
The ftate of being accurtomed. Brettn. 

ASSU'ETUDE. /. [ajfuetudo, Latin.] Ac- 
cuifomance ; tuftom. Bacon. 

To ASSUME, -v, a. [ajfumo, Lat.] 

1. To take. Pope, 

2. To take upon one's felf. Dryettn. 

3. To arrogate J to claim or feize unjuiUy. 


4. To iuppofe fomething without proof. 


5. To appropriate. Clarendon, 
ASSU'MEK. /. [fiom tiffume.] An arro- 
gant man. South, 

ASSU'MING. particip. a. [from a£umt.\ 
Arrogant 3 haughty. Dryden, 

ASSUMPSIT, f. [ajfumo, Lit.] A volun- 
tary promife made by word, wlicreby a 
man taketh upon him to perform or pay 
any thin-: to another, Coivcll, 



ASSU'MPTION. /. [affupiptio, Lat.] 
I. The adl of taking any thing to one's 

3> The fuppofition of any thing without 
farther proof. Norm, 

3. The thing fuppofed ; a poflulate. Uryi/, 

4. The taking up any perfon into heaven. 

ASSU'MPTIVE. a. [cijfun.pti-vus, Latin.] 

That mav be afiumed. 
ASSU'RANCE. /. [ajfurance, Fr.] 

1. Certain expectation. 'TiUoifon. 
a. Secure confidence ; truft. !sperj\r. 

3. /Freedom from doubt j certain know- 
ledge. South, 

4. Firmnefs ; undoubting fleadinefs./?p^t''^J. 

5. Confidence ; want of mcdefty. Sidney. 

6. Ground of confidence j lecurity given. 


7. Spirit ; intrepidity. Drydcn. 
S. Sanguinity ; readinefs to hope. Hamm. 

9. Teftimony of credit. Tillorfoa, 

10. Convittion. Ttllotj'or., 

11. Irrfarjv:s, 

To ASSU'RE. V. a. [afeurer, Fr.] 

J, To give confidence by a iirm piomife. 

2. To fecure another. Rogers. 

3. To make confident j to exempt fiom 
doubt or fear. Milton. 

4. To make fecure. Spcnjer, 

5. To affiance J to betroth. Sbakejpeare. 
ASSURED, partiap. a. [from oJ[ure.\ 

1. Certain J indubitable. Bacon, 

2. Certain ; not doubting. Shahjpeare. 

3. Immodeft ; vicioully confident. 
ASSUREDLY. aJ, [from "J/u,ed.] Cer- 
tainly ; indubitably. Siuth. 

ASSUREDNESS. /. [from ajured.] The 

ftate of being afl'ured ; certainty. 
ASSU'RER. /. [from afux.] 

1. He that gives affurancc. 

2. He that gives fecurity to make good 
any lofs. 

A'STERISK. /. A mark in printing; as,*. 

A'STERISM. /. lajlcnjmus, Lat.] A con- 
ftellation. BentLy, 

A'STHMA. /. [aVS-,'xa.] A frequent, dif- 
ficult, and ihort refpiration, joined with 
a hlfling found and a cough. Floyir. 

ASTHMA'TICAL. 7 a. [from afthma.'] 
ASTHM.VTICK. 5 Troubled with an 
afthma. Floyer. 

ASTE'RN. ad. [from a and fterr,.'] In the 
hinder part of the fliip j behind the /hip. 


To ASTE'RT. f. a. To terrin ; to itartle ; 

to fright. Spenfer. 

ASTO'NIED. part, a, A Word ulcd for 

allonifloed. Ijatah. 

To AStO'NISH. v. a. [cjionner, Fr.] To 


confound with fear or wonder j to amaze, 

ASTO'NISHLVGNESS. /. [from ajionijh.] 
Quality to excite altonifhment. 

ASTO'NISHMENT. /. [cjionnement, Fr. ] 
Amazement ; confulion cf mind. South, 

To ASTO'UND. -v. a, {ejionner, Fr.] To 
afloni/hj to cuniound with fear or won- 
der. Milton. 

ASTRA'DDLE. ad. [from a andjiraddle.] 
■ With one's legs acrofs any thing. D'lf. 

ASTRAGAL. /. [«rpa^aX(^.] A little 
round member, in the form of a ring, at 
the tops and bottoms of columns. Sp.'f?. 

ASTRAL, a. [(mm aji rum, Lat.] Starry; 
relating to the ftars. D'ydet;. 

ASTRA'V. m1. [from a and /ray.] Out of 
the right way. Milton, 

ToASTRI'CT. -v. a. [apitigo. Lat] To 
contxadf by applications. Arbuthnot. 

ASTRI'CTION. /. [afiriaio, Lat.] The 
act or power of contracting the parts of 
the body. Bacon. 

ASTRl'cnVE. a. [from aJiriB.'\ Stip- 
tick- binding. 

ASTRrCTORY. a. [ajlriaorius, Latirnj^' 

ASTRIDE. tf.i. [fromj and/r/</^.] With 
the legs open. Boylt, 

ASTRI'FEROUS. a. [afirifer, Lst.] Bear- 
ing, or having ftars. i).<^. 

To ASTRl'NGE. -v. a. \afiringo, Latin.] 
To prefs by contraction j to make the 
parts draw together. Ba^on. 

ASTRl'NGENCY. /. [from j/r/W. ] The 
power of contracting the parts of the 
body. Bacon. 

ASTRI'NGENT. a. [aftringem^ L.uin. ] 
Binding ; contracting, Bacon,. 

ASTRO'GRAI'HY./. [from aV^ovand j,pa- 
<})i!.] The fcience of defrribing ihe liars. 

ASTROLABE. /. {l-^.x^Zi-^, of oV^'f 
and XaSi-v, to take, j An inftrument 
chiefly ufed forUking the altitude of the 
pole, the fun ^H|rs, dt fea. 

ASTRO'LOGER. /. [afiro/ogusiLn.] One 
that, luppofing the infiuencelpi the ftars 
to have a caufal power, profelles to foretel 
or difcover events. <i':vifr. 

ASTROLOCL'^N. / [from q/lr.igy. ] 
yjlirologer. Hudihras. 

ASfROLO'CICAL. 7 a. [ixom aJi,»iogy.] 

ASTROLO'CICK. 5 Relating to aflr. logy j 
prof filing altfologv. Motion, 

ASTROLO'GICALLY. ad. [from ajhc 
/otrj.] in an aliioiigical manner. 

To ASTRO'LOGIZE. -v. n. [from ape- 
/o?_j'. ] To praCtife nftrolygy. 

ASTK0'LO(}Y. /. [cjirohgia, Lat.] The 
prdttice of foretelling things by the know- 
ledge gf the ilars, Siutft. 


ASTRO'NOMER. /. [from aVjov and v:- 
/u.®-.J He that fludies the ceieftial mo- 
tions. Lccke. 

ASTRONO'MICAL. 7 a. [from aftrono- 

ASTRONO'MICK. \ my.'\ Belonging to 
a/lronomy. Broivn. 

ASTRON'O'MICALLY. a. [from ajirono- 
mical.^ In an agronomical manner. 

ASTRO NOMV. /. [arf^vo^'*] A mixed 
mathematical fcjence teaching the knovv- 
Isidge of the celellial bodies, their mag- 
nitudes, motions, dirtances, periods, t-clip- 
fes, and order. Co'zulcy. 

ASTRO-THEOLOGY./, [ajlrum and th,o- 
logia.'\ Divinity founded on the obferva- 
tion of the ceieftial bodies, Dsrham. 

ASU'NDER. ad. [ap-in't>rian. Sax.] Apart; 
feparately ; not together. Da-vies. 

ASV'LUM. /. [as-yAov.J A fanduary ; a 
refuge. Ayltffe, 

ASY'MMETRY. /. [from aa-y/z.^wElj/a. ] 

Contrariety to fymmetry j dilproportion. 


A'SYMPTOTE./. [itoma^vnUce.'] Jfymp- 
lotes are right lines, which approach nearer 
and nearer to fome curve j but which 
would never meet. Greiv, 

JSTNDETON. f. [x'vvh%v.] A figure in 
grammar, when a conjunction copulative 
is omitted. 

AT. prfp. [iet, Saxon.] 

1. At before a place, notes the nearnefs 
of the place ; as, a man is at the houfe 
before he is in it. StiiJingJieet, 

2. At before a word fignifying time, notes 
the coexiftence of the time with the event. 


3. At before a caufal word fignifies nearly 
the fame as luitb. Drydin, 

4. At before a fuperlative adjective im- 
plies in the flate, as at mofl, in the ftate 
of moft perfection, iSfc. South. 

5. At fignines the particular condition of 
the perlon j a$, at peace. Siuift, 

6. At Ibmetimes n^^^ employment or 
attentioiu Pope. 

7. At flj^etimes the fame vi'nh furni^ed 
luith, after the French a j as, a man at 
arms. Shakefpeare, 

8. At fometimes notes the place where 
any thing is. Pope. 

9. At fometimes fignifies in confequence 
of. Hale. 

10. At marks fometimes the effeft pro- 
ceeding from an adt. Dryden, 

11. At fometimes is nearly the fame as 
in, noting fituation. Swift. 

12. At fometimes marks the occafion, 
like on. Dryden. 

13. At fometimes feems to fignify in the 
power of, or obedient to. Dryden. 

14. At fometirres ngtes the rektion of a 
aj4n to an aftion. Collier, 

A T M 

from vexa- 
ity. G'iiiizi, 

15. /?/ fometimes imports the manner of 
an adtion. Dryden. 

16. At ■ct\t2.v\% fometimes application to. 


17. At all. In any manner. Popi. 
A' FABAL. /. A kind of tabour ufed by the 

Moors. Dryden. 

ATARA'XIA. ? /. Exemption fr 
A'TAR.^XY. 5 t'on; fanq^'ll'V 
ATE. The preterite of eat. St^uio, 

A'lH.iNOR. f, A digefting" furnace to 

keep heat for fome time. 
ATHEISM. / [from atheij}.] Th« difhe- 

lief of a God, TliJorj'on. 

A'THEI^T. /. [a&£3;.] One that Vnies 

the exiftence of God. Ber.tiey, 

ATHEIST, a. Atheiftical ; denying God. 

[EI'STICAL.'d. [from atheift.] Given 

to 3theifm ; impious. South, 

ATHEI'STICALLY. ad. [from atheifiica!.] 

In an atheiftical manner. South. 

ATHEI'STICALNESS./. [from atkeif.ica!.'^ 

The .quality of being atheiftical. Haiprrond. 
ATHEISTICK. a. [from afbeij}.] Given 

to atlieifm. Ray. 

A'THEOUS. a. [a^j©-.] Atheiftick ; god- 

lefs. Milton. 

ATHERO'MA. f. {dc^uit^^i.'] A fpecies of 

wen. Sharp, 

ATHERO'MATOUS. a. [from atheroma.^ 

Having the qualities of an atheroma, or 

curdy wen. JVtfeman, 

ATHI'RST. ad. [from a and thir/i.l Thir- 

fty j in want of drink. Dryden, 

ATHLE'TICIC. a. [from athleta.] 

1, Belonging to wreftling. 

^. Strong of body ; vigorous j lufty ; ro- 

buft. Dryden. 

ATHWA'RT. />'-'/>. [from a and thiuart.l 

1. Acrofs ; tranfverfe toany thing. Z?<zfOK. 

2. Through. Addifon. 
ATHWA'RT. ed. 

I. In a manner vexatious and perplexing. 


Z. Wrong. Shakefpeare, 

ATi'LT. ad. [from a and tilt.'\ 

I. With the action of a man making a 
thruft. Hudibras, 

z. In the pofture of a barrel raifed or 
tilted behind. Spetlator, 

ATLAS. /. 

I. A coUe(ftion of maps, 
a. A large fquare folio. 

3. Sometimes, the fuppcrter of a build- 

4. A rich kind cf filk. 
A'TMOSPHERE. /. [ar/^©- and r-^a:';'^.] 

The air that encompaffes the folid earth 

on all fides. Locke. 

ATMOSPHERICAL, a. [{torn atmofptere.] 

Belonging to the atmofphere, Beyle, 



Wt* ' k V 


A'TOM. /. larom-js, Lat.] 

I. Such a /"mall particle as cannot be phy- 

ficjlly fiiv!tled. Riiy. 

z. Any thing extremely fmall. Shal:ejf>, 
ATO'MICAL. a. [from atom.] 

I. C infifting of atoms. Braivn. 

2.. Rri.iting to atoms. Bentley, 

A'TOMIST. / [from atom.] One that 

h 'Ids the ctomual philofuphy. Locke, 

A'TOMY. /. An atom. Shahfpeare, 

To ATONE, "v. n. \to be at one.] 

J To agree ; to accord. Shahefpeare. 

1. To ftand as an equivalent for fonie- 

thing. Locke, 

To A'TO'NE. n). a. To expiate. Pope. 
ATONEMENT. /. [from atone] 

I. Agreement j concord. Shakefpeare. 

7. Expiation ; expiatory equivalent. Siutft. 
ATOP. ad. [from a and tcp ] On the top j 

at fl-.e top. Milton. 

ATRABILA'RIAN. a. [from atra bdh.] 

Melancholy. Arbuthnot. 

ATRABILA'RIOUS. a. Melancholick. 
ATRABILA'RIOUSNESS. /. [from atrabi- 

larion%.] The ftate of being melancholy. 
ATRAME'NTAL. a. [from atramrntum, 

ink, Lat.] Inky ; black. Bictvt:, 

ATRAMENTOUS, a. [from atramonum, 

ink, Lat.] Inky ; black. Broivii. 

ATROCIOUS, a. [atrox, Lat.] Wicked 

in a high degree ; enormous. Aylijfe, 

ATRO'CIOUSLY. ad, [from atrocious.] In 

an atrociu"S m.mner. 
ATROCIOUSNESS. /. [from atrocicuu] 

The q'liliiy of being enormoufly criminal. 
ATROCI ['Y. /. [atrodtai, Lat.] Hor- 
rible •jvuke^-'nefs. 
A'TROPHY. /. [ir^r^<^)a.] Want of nou- 5 a difeafe. MUton. 

To ATIA'CH. -v. a. [attacber, Fr.] 

I. To arreft ; to take or apprehend. Co-rfi?/. 
' 2. T'. feize. Shakefpeare. 

3. To lay hold on. Shakejpeare. 

4. To win J to gain over ; to enamour. 

Alt It 01. 

5. To fi/ to one's intereft. Rogers. 
ATTA'CHMENT. /. [ attachement, Fr. ] ; -.egard. Addifon. 

To ATTA'CK. 1'. a. \at'.aquer, Fr.] 

I. To afliult an enemy, Fbtlips, 

7.. To impi'gn in any manner. 
ATTA'CK. (. [from the verb.] Ar aflault. 

ATTA'CKP.R. /. [from attack,] The per- 

ion ihjt attacks. 
To ATTAIN, -v. a. [atteindre, Fr.] 

1. To gain ; to procure. Ttllotfon. 

2. T-; overtake. Bacon. 

3. To come to. Milton. 

4. To leach ; to equal. Bacon, 
To AT TA'IN. -v. n. 

1, T'j come to a certain ftate. Arbucbmt, 

2. To arrive at. 


ATTAIN. /. [from the verb.] Th* thing 
attained. Glan-vilte. 

ATTAINABLE, a- [from attain.] That 
which may be attained ; procurable. 

ATTA'INARLENESS. /. [ from attain- 
able.] The quality of being attainable. 
ATTA'INDER. /. [from to attaint,] 

1. The aft of attainting in law. Bacon. 

2. Taint. Shakefpeare, 
ATTA'INMENT. /. [from attain.] 

1. That which is attained ; acquifition. 


2. The aft or power of attaining. Hooker. 
To ATTA'INT, -v. a. [attenter, Fr.] 

1. To attaint is particularly ufed for fuch 
as ?re found guilty of fome crime or of- 
fence. A man is attainted two ways, by 
appearance, or by procefs. Spenfer. 

2. To taint ; to corrupt. Shakefpeare, 
ATTA'INT. /. [from the verb.] 

1. Any thing injurious, as illnefs, weari- 
nefs. Shakefpeare. 

2. Stain ; fpot ; taint. Shakespeare. 
ATTA'INTURE. /. [from attaint.] Re- 
proach j imputation. Shakefpeare, 

To ATTAMINATE. v. a. \_at'tanuno, 

Lat.] To corrupt. 
To ATTEMPER, -v. a. [attempero, Lat.] 

1. To mingle ; to weaken by the mixture 
of fomething el(e. Bacon. 

2. To regulate ; to foften. Bacon. 

3. To mix in jufl proportions. Spenfer, 

4. To fit to fcmefhing elfe. Pope. 
To ATTE'MPERATE. v. a. [^attempero, 

Lat.] To proportion to fomething. Hamm. 

To ATTE'MPT. -v, a. [attenter, Fr.] 
I. To attack ; to venture upon. Milton, 
a. To try ; to endeavour. Maccabees, 

ATTE'MPT. /. [from the verb.] 

1. An attack. Bacon. 

2. An eflay j an endeavour. Dryden. 
ATTE'MP TABLjL a, [ from attempt. \ 

Liable to attempts or attacks. ShaliLfp, 
ATTE'MPTER. /. [from attempt.] 

1. The perfon that attempts.' Milton. 

2. An endeavourer. Glanville. 
To ATTE'ND. v. a. [attendee. Fr.] 

1. To regard ; to fix the mind upon. Shak. 

2. To wait on. Shakefpeare, 

3. To accompany as an enemy. Clarendon, 

4. To be prefent with, upon a fummons. 


5. To be appendant to. Arbuthnot. 

6. To wait on, as on a charge. Spenfer. 

7. To be confequent to. Clarendon, 

8. To remain to; to await. Locke, 

9. To wait for infidiouliy. Shakefpeare. 

10. To be bent upon any objeft. Dryden. 

11. Toftayfor. Dryden. 
To ATTE'ND. -v. tt. 

I. To yield attention. Taylor. 

a. To 


ft. To (iiy ; to delay. D^tvitt, 

ATTE'NDANCE. /. {attendance, Fr.] 
I. The act oi waiting on another. Shak. 
a. Service. Shakcfpiare. 

3. The perl'ons waiting ; a train. Milton, 

4. Attention ; regard, Timothy. 

5. Expeftation. Hooker. 
ATTE'NDANT. a. [attendant, Fr.] Ac- 
companying 35 fubordinace. Milton. 


1. One that attends. Hhakiffieare. 

2. One that belongs to the train. Drydtn. 

3. One that waits as a fuitor or agent. 


4. One that is prefent at any thirg. S'zu'/i. 
q. A concomitant j a confequent. J^Vatti. 

ATTE'NDER. /. [hum attend.] Compa- 
nion ; aflbciate. Ben. yobnfon, 

ATTE'NT. a. [attentus, Latin.] Intent } 
attentive. Chronicles, 'Taylor. 

ATTENTATES. /. [attentat a, Lat,] Pro- 
ceedings in a court after an inhibition is 
decreed. Jlyhffe. 

ATTENTION. /. [attention. Ft.] The 
aft of attending or heeding. Locke. 

ATTE'NTIVE. a. [from attent.] Heed- 
ful ; regardful. Hooker. 

ATTE'NTIVELY. ad. [from attentive.] 
Heedfully ; carefully. Bacon, 

ATTE'NTIVENESS. /. [from attentive.] 
Heedfulnefs j attention. Shakcfpcare. 

ATTE'NUANT. *. [ attenuans, Latin. ] 
What has the power of making thin, or 
flender. Neivton. 

ATTE'NUATE. a. [from theveib.] Made 
thin, or flender, B.uon. 

ATTENUA'TION. /. [from atienuat.-.] 
The aft of making any thing thin or 
flender. Bacon. 

A'TTER./. [ateji, Saxon.] Corrupt. Skinn. 

To ATTE'ST. -v. a. [att.ftor, Lat.] 

1. To bear witnefs of j to witnefs. Addif. 

2. To call to witnefs. Drydert. 
ATTE'ST, /. [from the verb.] Ttftimo- 

wy ; atteftation. Mdicn. 

ATTESTA'TION. /. [from attejl.] Tefti- 

mony j evidence. tVoodiL^ard. 

ATTI'GUOUS. a. [attiguus, Lat.] Hard 

To ATTI'NGE. -u. a. [attingo, Lat,] To 

touch lightly. 
To ATTI'RE. -v. d. [attirer, Fr.] To 

drefb 5 to habit j to array. Hferjcr, 

ATTI'RE. /. [from the verb.] 

1. Clothes J drefs. Da-via. 

2. In hunting. The horns of a buck or 

3. In botany. The flower of a plant is 
divided into three parts, the empalcment, 
the foliation, and the attire. 

ATTIRER. /. [fioti attire.] One ihi! at- 
lirti scc'hir ; s dtelTer, 


ATTITUDE, f. [attitude, Fr.] The pof- 
ture or aftion in which a flatue or painted 
figure is placed. Prior. 

ATTO'LLENT. a. [attoVem, Lat.] That 
which rail'es or lifts up, Derbam. 

ATTORNEY. /. [attomatus, low Lat.] 

1. Such a perfon as by confent, command- 
ment, or requert, takes heed, fees, ard 
takes upon him the charge of other men's 
bufinefs, in their abftnce, 

2. Attorneyi in common law, are nearly 
the fame with proftors in the civil law, 
and folicitors in courts of equity. Shakejp. 

3. It was anciently ufed for thole who aid 
any bufinefs for another. Shakefpeare, 

To ATTORNEY, -v. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To perform by proxy, Shakefpeare, 

2. To emoloy as a proxy. Shakefpeare, 
ATTO'RNEYSHIP. /. [from attorney,] 

The office of an attorney. Shakefpeare. 
ATTO'URNMENT. /. [ottourncment, Fr.J 

An yielding of the tenant to a new lord. 
To ATTRA'CT, -v. a. [attraho, attraaum, 


1. To draw to fomething. Brown. 

2. To ailuie ; to invite. Milton. 
ATTRA'CT. /. [from to attraB.] Attrac- 
tion J the power of drawing. Hudihtas. 

ATTRA'CTICAL. a. [from attraa,] Hav. 
ir.g the power to draw. Ray. 

ATTRA'CTION, /. [from attrafi.] 

1, The power of drawing any thing. 

Biion, Ncivtort. 

2. The power of alluring or enticing. 

ATTRA'CTIVE. a. [from attra^.] 

1. Having the power to draw anv thing. 


2. Inviting; alluring; enticing, Mihon, 
ATTR.A'CTIVE. /. [from attraB.] That 

which draws or incites. South. 

ATTRA'CTIVELY. ad. [{rom attraBi-ve.] 

With the power of attr.iding. 
ATTR A'CTIVENESS./, [from attraaive.] 

The quality of being attraftive. 
ATTRA'CTOR. /. [from attraa.] The 

agent that attrafts. Brcicn. 

A'TTRAHENT. /. [attrahens, Lat.] That 

which draws. Glan-villct 

ATTR ACT A'TION. /. [attruBatio, Lat.] 

Frequent handling. Dia. 

ATTRIBUTABLE, a. [attribuo, Latin.] 

That which mav be afcnbed or attributed. 

To ATTRI'BUTE. v. a. [attribuo, Lat.] 

1, To afcribe ; to yield. Tilloifan, 

2. To impute, as to a caufe, Ne-zvton, 
A'TTRIBUTE. /. [from to aUrihute.] 

1. The thing attributed iQinQXhti.Raleigb, 

2, Q^iality ; adherent. Bacon. 

Ix 3 A 

A U C 

5. A thing belonging to anollier : an ^'p- 

pcnd.'int. Addijcn. 

4. Reputation ; honour. Sk.jkejpeare. 

ATTRIBU'TION. /. [from to attribute.'] 

Commendation. Sbakcffeare. 

ATTill'TE.. a. [attiUus^ Lat.] Ground ; 

worn bv nibbini;. Mil'on. 

ATTRITENE-S' /. [from attrite ] The 

being mvich worn. 
AITRITION. /. [cUtrhlo. L«.] 


A'UCTIONIER. /. [from auFtlon.] Tke 

perfon that manages an au6lion. 
A'UCTIVE. a. [from auRut, Lat.] Of an 

increafing quality, 
AUCUPA'TION. / [ aucupatio, Latin. ] 

Fowling; bird-catching. 
AUIM'CIOUS. a. \_audacicux, Fr.] Bold ; 

impudent. Dryderr. 

AUDA'CIOUSLV. ad. [from audanoui.] 

Bo'dly ; impudently. Shake^pe 

impudently. iitakpjpeare. 

The ad; of wearing things by rubbing. AUDA'CIOUSNESS. /. [from audacious,'^ 

Woodivard. Impudence. 

Grief fisr fin, arifing only from the AUDA'CITV. /. [from audax, Lat.] Spi- 

fear of punifliment j the loweft degree of 

Tj ATTU'NE. -v. a. [from tuve.'] 

I. To make any thing muficai. Milt: 

z. To tune cne thing to another. 
ATWE'EN. od. or p 


rit J boldneff. 
A'UDIBLE. a. [audihllis, Lat.] 

1. That which may be perceived by hear- 
ing, Greiv, 

2. Loud enough to be heard. Bticon. 
Bawixt 5 be- A'UDIBLENESS. /. [from audible.'] Ca- 

Spenfer. pablenefs of being heard. 

In the middle of two A'UDIBLY. ad. [from audible.] In fuch a 
manner as to be heard, Milton, 

A'UDIENCE. /. [audience, Fr.J 

1. The adt of hearing. Milton. 

2. The liberiy of fpeaking granted ; a 
hearing. Hooker, 

3. An auditory J perfons coUefled to hear. 

4. The reception of any man who delivers 
a folemn meffage. Dryden, 

A'UDIENCE Court. A court belonging 60 
the archbiftop of Canterbury, of equal 
authority with the arches court. 

A'UDIT. /. [from audit, he hears, Latin.] 
A final account. Shakefpeare. 

To A'UDIT. -v. a. [from audit.] To take 
an account finally. Arbuthnot, 

ATWI'XT. pr-p 

things. Spenjer. 

To AVA'IL. •:;. a. [from Tahir, Fr.] 

1. To profit ; to turn to profit. Dryden. 

2. To promote ; to prcfper ; toaffift. Pope. 
AVA'IL /. [from to avail.] Profit ; ad- 
vantage ; benefit. Locke. 

AVAILABLE, a. [from a-vail] 

1. Profitable ; advantageous. Hooker. 

2. Powerful ; hr.ving force, Arterbury. 
AVA'ILABLENESS. /". [ircm avail.] Power 

of promoting the end for which it is ufei. 

AVA'ILABLY, ad. [itom available,] Power- 

fuijy ; profitably. 
AVA'ILMENT. /. [from avail.] Ufeful- 

nefs ; advantage. 

To AVA'LE. V. a. {avakr, to let fink.] AUDITION. /. [auditio, Lat.] Hearing. 
To let fall ; to deprefs. IFaiton. A'UDITOR. /. [auditor, Lat. j 

To AVA'LE. -v. ?;. To fink. Spafrr. 

AVA'NT-GUARD. /. [avantgarde, Fr.] 

T.hevan, Hayzv.^rd. 

A'VARICE. /. [flT-Tr.'fc, Fr.] Covetouf- 

nefs ; infatubie defire. Drydtn. 

AVARICIOUS, a. [avaricieux, Fr.] Co- 

vetous. Broome. 

AVARI'CIOUSLY. ad. [from avuricieus.] 

AVARI'CIOUSNESS. /. [from avaricious.] 

The quality of being avaricious. 
AVA'UNT. imerjecl. [avaiif, Fr.] A word 

A hearer. Sid-ney. 

2. A perfon employed to take an account 
ultimately. Shakejpeare, 

3. A king's officer, who, yearly examin- 
ing the accounts of all onder. officers ac"- 
countable, makes up a general hook. Coivcl. 

AUDITORY, a. [a'lditonus, Lat.] That 
which has the power of hearing. Newton, 
. A'UDITORY. /. [auditorium, Lat.] 

1, An audience ; a collediion of perfons 
alfem'-'lcd to hear. - Atterbury, 

2. A place where leflures are to be heard. 

of abhorrence, by which any one is driven A'UDITRESS. /". [Uotxi. auditor .] The wo- 

pwav. Dur.citid. 

A'UBURNE. a. [h^TT.a-ahour, Fr.] Brcnvn ; 

of a tan cojcur. Pbilipi. 

A'UCTIO>r. /. [auBio, Lat.] 

1. A manner of fale in which one perAn 
bids after another. 

2, The things fid by nuftion. ' Pope. 
To A'UCTIOiSr, T. a.' [(xom ahSirn.] To 

f II by audlion. • , . 

.VUCTIONARY. a. [fro:- wRior.] Ee- 
j'.rjging to ill iwiX'XU. Dryden. 

man that hears. Millon, 

To AVE'L. V. a. [a-vclla, Lat. J To pull 
awav, Broiun, 

A'VE MARY. /. A form of worfhip re- 
pealed by the Romanifts in honour of the 
Virgin Maiy. Shakefpeare. 

A'VENAGE. /. [of avcna, oats, Lat.] A 
cert.iin quantity of oats paid to a landlord. 

To AVE'NGE. -v. a, [venger, Fr.] 

I. To revenge, IJaiah. 

Z, To punilht Dryden. 



AVE'NGEANCE./. [from awngp.] Punifl:- 

ment. Philipi, 

AVE'NGEMENT. /. [from avevge.] Ven- 

geance ; revenge. 


AVE'NGER. /. [from avenge.] 

I. Funifher. " Par. Loji. 

z- Revenger; taker of vengeance. Dryden. 

A'VENS. /. Hsrb bennet. 

AVE'NTURE. /. [u-vinture, Fr.] A mif. 
chance, caufing a man's death, without 
felony ; Ccwel, 

A'VENUE. /. [a-uenue, Fr.] 

I. A way by which any place may be en- 
tered. Clarendon, 
z. An alley, or walk of trees before a 

To AVE'R. -v. a. [averer, Fr.] To de- 
clare pofitively. Prior. 

A'VERAGE. /. [awragium, Lat.] 

1. That duty or fervice which the tenant 
is to pr.y to the king. Chambers, 

2. A medium ; a mean proportion. 
AVE'RMENT. /. [from e-ver.] Elbblifli- 

ment of any thing by evidence. Bacon, 

AVE'RNAT. /. A fort of grape. 
To AVERRU'NCATE. -v, a. [awrruvco, 

Lat.] To root up. Hud:bras. 

AVERS A'TION, /. [from averjor, Lat.] 

Hatred j abhorrence. South. 

AVE'RSE. a. [averfis, Lat.] 

1. MaJign ; not favourable. Dryden, 

2. Not pieafed with ; unwilling to. Prior. 
AVE'RSELY. ad. [ftom awrfe.] 

1. Unwillingly. 

2. Backwardly, Brotvn, 
AVE'RSENES.y. [ham aver fe.l Unwil- 

lingnefs ; backwardnefs, Attcrhury. 

AVE^RSION. /, [a-verfion, Fr.] 

1. Hatred ; diflike ; deteftation. Milun. 

2. The caufe of averfion. Pope, 
To AVERT, -v. a. [a-verto, Lat.] 

1. To turn afide ; to turn off. 

Shakefpeare, Dryden, 

2. To put by. Sprat. 
AUF. [of alf, Dutch.] A fool, or filly 

fellow. See Oaf. 

A'UGER. /. [egger, Dutch.] A carpen- 
ter's tool CO bote holes with. Moxon. 

AUGHT, pronoun, [auht, aphr, Saxon.] 
Any thing. Addifon, 

To AUGME'NT. v. a. [augmenler, Fr.] 

To encreafe; to make bigger, or more, 


To AUGME'NT. -v. n. To encreafe j to 
grow bigger. Dryden, 

A'UGMFNF. /. [augmentwn, Lat.] 

1. Encreafe. i^'allon. 

2. State of encreafe. IViJem. 
AUGMENTATION. /. [from aug^nem.] 

I. The ad of encrcafing or making bigger. 
Z. The ftatc of mi-le bigger, 


A V O 

3. The thing added, by which another fi 
made bigger. Hooker, 

A'UGUR. /. [^a^ur, Lat.] One who pre- 
tends to predia by the flight of birds. 


To A'UGUR. V. n. [from augur.] To 
g'jefs ; to conjedurc by figns. D'ydcn^ 

To A'UGUR ATE. 1/. n. [auguror, Lat.] 
To judge by augury. 

AUGURA'TION. /. [horn augur.] The 
praftice of augury. Broivn, 

A'UGURER. /. [from augur.] The fame 
with augur. Sh.'k:fpea-e. 

A'UGURIAL. a. [from augury.] Relat- 
ing to augury. Broucn. 

A'UGURY. /. [augurium, Lat.] 

1. The aft of prognoiticating by omens. 

Siv ft. 

2. The ruks obferved by augurs, 

L^Ef range, 

3. An omen or predi£lion, Dryden, 
AUGUST, a. [augufius, Lat.] Great; 

grand ; royal ; magniticent. Dryden. 

A UGUST. /. [a!.guftus, Lat.] The name 

of the eight month from January inclufive. 


AUGU'STNESS. /. [from augufi.] Eleva- 
tion of look ; dignity. 

A'VIARY. /. [from a-vis, Lat.] A place 
inclofed to keep birds in. Evelyn, 

AVl'DITY. /. [avedite', Fi.] Greedinefs; 

AVI'TOUS. a, [avitus, Lat.] Left by a. 
man's aiice.lors. 

To AVrZE. V. a, [avifer, Fr.] 

1. To counfel. Spenfer. 

2. To bethink himfeif. Spen'.er. 

3. To confider. Spenftr, 
AULD. a. [oi'6. Sax.] Old. Shakejprare. 
AULE'TICK. [auleticus, Lac] Belonging to 


A'ULICK. a. [auIicuSf Lat.] Belonging to 
the court. 

AULN. /. [aulne, Fr.] A French meafure 
of length ; an ell. 

To AUMA'IL. V. a. [from mailk, Fr.] To 
variegate. Fai'y 'J^cen. 

AUNT./, [tante, Fr.] A father' or mo- 
ther's filter, Pope. 

Al'OCADO. f, A plant. 

To A'VOCATE. v. a. [avoco, Lat.] To 
call awiy. Boyle. 

AVOCA'ITON. /. [from avocatc] 

I. The att of calling afide. Dryden, 

z. The bufinefg that calls. Hale 

To AVO'ID. V, a. [viiider, Fr.J 

1. To (hun ; toefcape. Tillctfcyi. 

2. To endeavour to fhun. Shakefpeare, 

3. To evacuate ; to quit. Bacon. 

4. To oppofe ; to hinder effeft. Bacon. 
To AVOID. V. ;;. 

1. To retire. I Sav, 

2, To become voii or vacant. Av'ife, 


A U R 

AVOIDABLE, a. [from a^vmiJl That 
which may be avoided, or efcaped. Locke. 
AVOl'DANCE. /. [rroin a-vvid.^ 

1. The a<f> of avoiding, Wati^, 

2. The courfe by which any thing is car- 
ried off. Baton. 

AVO'IDER. /. [from a-void.^ 

1. The peifon that ihuns any thing. 

a. The perfon that carries any thing away, 

3. The veffel in which things are carried 

AVO'IDLESS. a. [from a-void.} Inevita- 
ble. Denitii. 

AVOIRDUPOIS, [a'voir du poiJs, Fr.] A 
kind of weight, of which a pound con- 
tains fixtecn ounces, and is in proportion 
to a pound Tioy, as feventeen to fourteen. 

AVOLA'TION, /. \Jiom avolo, Lat.] The 
flying away. Brown. 

To AVO UCH. f. a. [avouer, Fr.] 

I, To affirm ; to maintain. Hooker. 

a. To produce in favour of another. 

3. To vindicate ; tojuftify. Skakefpcare. 

AVOUCH. /. [from the verb.] Declara- 
tion ; evidence. Shakejp'.are. 

AVO'UCHABLE. a. [from a-vouch.] That 
may be avouched. 

AVO'UCHER, /. [from avouch.^ He that 

To AVO'W. -v. a. \_avDuer, Fr.] To jufti- 
fy ; not to diiTemble. Siu'ift. 

AVO'WABLE. a. [from avoiv.] That 
which may be openly declared. 

AVOWAL. /. [from a-vow.] Juftiflcatory 

AVO'WEDLY. ad. [from aww.] In an 
avowed manner. Clarendov. 

AVOWE'E. /. [avou'y Fr. He to whom 
the right of advowfon of any church be- 

AVO'WER. /. [from a-voiu.'] He that 
avows or juftifies. Dryden. 

AVO WRY. /. [from avoiv.'] Where one 
takes a diftrefs, the taker fhall juftify, 
for what caufe he took it j which is called 
his a-voivry. 

AVOWSAL. /, [from a-voiv."] A confef- 

AVOWTRY./. [See Advowts v.] Adul- 

A URATE, /. A fort of pear. 

AURE'LIA. /. [Lat.] A term ufed for the 
iirft apparent change of ihe eruca> or mag- 
got of any fpccies of infedts. Rjy. 
AURICLE. /. [auncJ'J, Lat.] 

1. The external ear. 

2. Two apps.idages of the heart; being 
two mufcular caps, covering the two ven- 
tricles thereof. R.^y, 

AURI'CULA. /. Bears ear i a flower. 

A U T 

AURI'CULAR. /. [from auricula, Lat,] 
I. Within the fenle or reach of hearing. 


z. Secret j told in the ear, 

AURrCULA?,LY, a-d. In a fecret manner. 

Decay of Piety. 

AURIFEROUS, a. [aurifer, Lat.] That 

which produces gold, "Tbomfon. 

AURIGA'TION. /. [auriga, Lat.] The 

aft of driving carriages. 
AVROiRA. j: [Lat.] 

1. A fpecies of crowfoot. 

2. The goddefs that opens the gates of 
day j poeticdily, the morning. 

A'URUM fulminans. [Latin.] A prepara- 
tion made by diflolving gold in aqua regia, 
and precipitating it with fait of tartar j 
whence it becomes capable, of giving a re- 
port like that of a piltol. Cartb. 

AUSCULTATION./, [homaujcuha, Lat.] 
A hearkening or liftening to. 

A'USITCE. /. [aufpicium, Lat.] 

1. The omens of any future undertaking 
drawn from birds. 

2. Froteftion j favour fliewn. B. Jobnfon, 

3. Influence j good derived to others from 
the piety of their patron. Dryden. 

AUSPI'CiAL. a. [from aufpice.l Relating 

to prognofticks, 
AUSPICIOUS, a. [from aufpice.] 

1. With omens of fuccefs. 

2. Profperous ; fortunate. Dryden. 

3. Favourable j kind ; propitious. 


4. Lucky 3 happy j applied to things. 

RoJconim''jn . 
AUSPI'CIOUSLY. ad. [from aujpiaous.} 

Happily j profperoufly. 
AUSPl'CIOUSNESS. /. [from auffUious.] 

Profperity ; happinefs. 
AUSTERE, a. [aufierus, Lat.] 

1. Severe ; harfli } rigid. Rogers. 

2. Sower of tafte; harih. Blackmore. 
AUSTE RELY, ad. [from auftere.] 

Severely ; rigidly. Paradife Lofi. 

AUSTE'RENESS./ lUom auftere.] 

i. Severity ; ftritlnefs ; rigour. Sbakeff, 

2. Roughnefs in tafte. 
AUSTE'RITY. /. [horn auftere.] 

J. Severity } mortified life j ftriftnefs. 

Ben Johr'fon, 

2. Cruelty ; harfh difcipline. Roj'common. 
A'USTRAL. a. [aujh-a!:s] Southern. 
To A'USTRALIZE. -v. n. [from aujicr.] 

To tend towards the fouth. Btoicn. 

A'USTRINE. a. [from attjlrinus, Lat.] 

AUTHE'NTICAL. a. Authentick. 

AUTHENTICALLY, a. [fromauibentifal.] 

With circumltances rcquiftte to procure 

authority. Soutb. 


A U T 

AUTHENTI'CALNESS. /. [from authen. 
/;V<».'.] The quality of being authentick ; 
genuinenefs.. Addifon. 

ANTHENXrCITY. /. [tVom autbentuk.} 
Authority j genuinenefs. 

AUTHE'NilCK. a. [authentuus, Lat.] 
Thiit which has every thing requifite to 
give it authority. Coivky. 

AUTHENTICKLY. ad. [hom autherituk.] 
After an authentick manner. 

AU THE NTICKNESS. /. [from authen- 
tick.'^ Authenticirv. 

A'U'FHOR./. [auair, Lat.] 

I. The firft beginner or mover of any 
thing. Hooker. 

i. The efficient j he that sffefls or pro- 
ducer any thing. D'yden, 
3. The firft writer of any thing. 

4- A writer in general. Shakefpeare. 

AUTHO'RITATIVE, a. [horn auihonty.] 

1. Havjng due authority. 

2. Hav«nCT an air of authoritv. Snvl/i. 
AUrHO'Rfl'ATlVELY. ed.' [from autho- 


1. In an authoritative manner ; with a 
fliew of authority. 

2. V.'ith due authority. Hale. 
AUTHO'RITATIVENESS./. [from autho- 

ritati-ve.'\ Autlvritdtive appearance. 
AUTHO'RITY. /. [auBontui, Lat.] 

I. Legal power. Slahfpeare, 

a. Influence ; credit. Lotkc. 

3. Power J rule. j 9V«. 

4. Support; countenance. Bin.yohnfon. 

5. Teitimony. Sidney, 

6. CreHibiluy. Hooker. 
AUTHORIZATION. /, [from authonxe.^ 

Eftablilhme'ii by authority. Hale, 

To AUTHORIZE, -v. a. [autoriftr, Fr.J 

I. To authority to any perfon. Dryd. 

%. To make any thing legal. Diyden, 

3. To eftablifli any thing by authority. 


4. Tojuftify; to prove a thing to be right. 


5. To give credit to any perfon or thing. 


AUTO'CRASY. [ai/To^galera.] Independent 

AUTOGRA'PH. /. [a'JJ!!y^a4>iv.] A pai- 
ticular perfon's own writing j the origi- 

AUTOGRA'PHICAL. a. [from autogra- 
phy. '\ Of one's own writing. 

AUTOMATICAL, a. [from automaton.'] 
Having the power of moving itfeif. 

AUTOMATON. /. [dv^fxalo,.] A ma- 
chine that hath the power of motion with- 
in itfeif. JVilk'tm, 

AUTO'MATOUS. a. [from automaton.] 
Having in itfeJf the power of motion. 

Broivn't Vulgar Errows, 

A W F 

AUTONOMY./, [aulwjaia.] The living 
according to one's mind and prefcription 

A'UTOFSY. /. [«.1o^J.^a.j Ocular demon- 
ftration. p^ , 

AUTOPTICAL, a. [from autopfy.] Per- 
ceived by one's own eyes. Broiun. 

AUTO'PTICALLY. a. [from autoptical.] 
By means of one's own eyes. Broiun. 

A'UTUMN. /. [autumnui,L^X.] The fea- 
fon of the year between fummer and win- 
ter. Philips. 

AUTU'MNAL. a. [hom autumn.] Belong- 
ing to autumn. Donne. 

AVU'LSION. /. [<7^r/^ff, Lat. The aft of 
pulling one thing from another. Philips. 

AUXE'SIS, f. [Latin.] Exornation^ am- 

AUXI'LIAR. ?/. [from auxii; urn, Ut.] 

AUXILIARY. 5 Helper; afTiftar.t. Houih. 

AUXI'LIAR. 7 a. [from fl«;t/7/a«, Lat. 1 

AUXILIARY. 5 Afiiftant; helping. 

Milton, Dryden, 

AUXILIARY Verb. A verb that helps to 
conjugate other verbs. M'dtts. 

AUXILIATION. /. [from axiliutus, Lat.] 
Help ; aid. 

To AWA'IT. ■v. a, [from a and wait.] 
1. To expe£t ; to wait for. Fairfax, 

1. To attend ; to be in ftore for. Rogers, 

AWAl'T. /. [from the verb.] Ambuft. 


To AWAKE, -v. a. [peccian, Sax.] 

I. To roufe out of flcep. Shakefpeare, 

z. To raife from any ftate fefembling deep. 


3. To put into new aftion. Pope. 

To AWAKE. V. n. To break from fleep j 
to ceafe to fleep. Shakefpeare. 

AWA'KE. a. [from the verb.] Without 
fleeo i not fleeping. Dryden, 

ToAWA'KEN. See Awake. 

To AWA'RD. -v, a. [peap-Bij, Sax.] 

1. To adjudge J to give any tning by a ju- 
dicial fentence, CM'er. 

2. To judge ; to determine. Pope, 
AWA'RD. f. [from the verb.] Judgment ; 

fentence ; determination. Addifon, 

AWA'RE. ad. [ley^jun, Sax.] Vigilant; 

attentive. Atterbury, 

To AWA'RE. "u. n. To beware ; to be 

cautious. Paradife Loft^ 

AWA'Y. ad. ajje^, Saxon,] 

1. Abfent. Ben.Johnfon, 

z- From any place or perfon. Sbakcjpearc. 

3. Let us go. Shakejpeare. 

4. Begone. Smith, 

5. Out of one's own hand. Tillotfon, 
AWE./, [eje, Soxon.] Reverential fear ; 

reverence. SoiJth. 

To AWE. -v. i2, [from the noun.] To ft like 

with reverence, or fear. Bacon, 

A'WEBAND. / A check. 
A'WFUL. a, (from a-ive and full.] 

I. That 

A W O 

1. That which flrikes with awe, or fills 
with reverence. Milton. 

2. Worihipful J jnvefted with dignity. 


3. Struck with awe ; timorous. Watti. 
A'WFULLY. ad. [from ^•«/«/.] In a re- 
verential manner. South, 

A'WFULNESS. /. [from aivful.'] 

I. The quality of flriking with awe ; fo- 
lemnity. Addifon, 

a. The ftate of being ftruck with awe. 


To AWHA'PE. -v. a. To ftrike ; to con- 
found. Hubberd^s Tale, 

AWHI'LE. Some time. Milton, 

AWK. a. [aivkivard.} Odd. UEfireinge. 

A'WKWARD. a. [spap'o, Saxon.] 

1. Inelegant 3 unpolite j untaught. 


2. Unready ; unhandy ; clumfy. Dryden. 

3. Perverfe ; untoward. Hudibras, 
A'WKWARDLY. ad. [from aivkivard.] 

Clumlily j unreadily j inelegantly. 

Sidney, Prior, Watts. 

A'WKWARDNESS. /. [from aivkward.] 
Inelegance ; want of gentility. Watts. 

AWL. /, [asle, ale, Sax.] A pointed in- 
ftrument to bore holes. Mortimer. 

A'WLESS. a. [from aive, and the nega- 
tive lefi.^ 

1. Without reverence. Dryden. 

2. Without the power of caufing rever- 
ence. Shakefpeare, 

AWME. A Dutch meafure anfwering to 
what in England is called a tierce, or one 

. feventh of an Engli/h ton. Arbutbnot. 

A'WNING./. A cover fpread over a boat or 
veffcj, to keep off the weather. 

Robinfon Crufo. 

AWCVKE. The preterite from aivakc. 

A' WORK. ad. [from a and ivork.] On 
work ; into a flate of labour. Hammond. 

A'WORKING. a, [from aviork.'^ la the 

A Z U 

flate of working. HulScrtTs TaL: 

AWRY', ad. [from a and ivry.] 

1. Not in a ftrait diredion j obliquely, 


2. Afquint ; with oblique vifion. Detiham. 

3. Not level ; unevenly, Breretuood, 

4. Not equally between two points. Pofe. 

5. Not in a right ftate ; perverfely. 

AXE. /, [eax, Sax.] An inftrument con- 
fiding of a metal head, with a Iharp edge. 
AXI'LLAR. la. [from axilla, Lat.] Be- 
A'XILLARY. 5 longing to the armpit. 

A'XIOM. f. [axioma, Lat.] A propofition 
evident at firft fight. Hooker . 

A'XIS. / [azis^ Lat. The line real or im- 
aginary that pafles through any thing, on 
which it which it may revolve. Bcntley. 
A'XLE. 7 /. [axis, Lat.] The pin 

AXLE-TREE. 5 which paffes through the 
midft of the wheel, on which the circum- 
volutions of the wheel are performed. 

Shakefpeare, Milton. 
AY. ad, [perhaps from a/o, Lat.] Yes. 

AYE. ad. [spa, Saxon.] Always j to eter- 
nity ; for ever. Philips, 
A'YGREEN. /. The fame with houjdeek. 
A'YRY. /. [See Airy.] 
A'ZIMUTH. /. [Arab.] 

1. The (3x;»iarA of the fun, or of a fiar, 
is an arch between the meridian of the 
place and any given vertical line. 

2. Magnetica! azimuth, is an arch of the 
horizon contained between the fun's azi- 
muth c'xrcle and the magnetical meridian. 

3. Aximutb Compafs, is an inftrument ufed 
at fea for finding the fun's magnetical 

AZURE, a, [(jsur, Fr.] Blue j faint blue. 




Bis pronounced by prefling tlie 
whole length of the lips together, 
l| and forcing them open with a 
J flrong breath. ' 

BAA. /. [See the verb.] The cry of a 

To BAA. v.n. {balo^ Lat.] Tocrylikea 
fteep. Sidney. 

To BA'BBLE. -v. n. [babbelen, Germ.] 
J. To prattle like a child. Prior. 

2. To talk idly. Arbuthnot, Prior, 

3. To tell fecrets. UEJlrange. 

4. To talk much. Prior. 
BA'BBLE./. [babil^Tr.l Idle talk j fenfe- 

lefs prattle. Shat:ejpeare, 

BA'BBLEMENT. /. [ixom babble.] Senfelefs 

prate. Alilton, 

BA'BBLER. /. [ham babble.} 

1. An idJe talker. Rogers. 

2. A teller of fecrets. Fairy Slueen, 
BABE. /. [babari, Welch.}, An infant. 

Dry den. 
BA'BERY. /. [from babe.'] Finery to pleafe 
a babe or child. Sidney. 

BABISH. a. [from babe.] Childifb. 

EA'BOON. [babouin, Fr.] A monkey of 
the largeft kind. ylddifon. 

BA'BY./. [See Babe.] 

1. A child ; an infant. Locke. 

2. A I'mall image in imitation of a child, 
which girls play with. StiUingJieet. 

BA'CCATED. a. [baccatui, Lat.] Befet 

with pearls. Having many beiries. 
BACCHANA'LIAN. /. [from baccanalia, 

Lit.] A drunkard. 
BACCHANALS. /. [bacchanalia, Lat.] 

The drur.ken feafts of Bacchus. Pv^e. 

BACCHUS BOLE. /. A flower not tall, 

but very full and broad-leaved. 
BACCI'FEROUS. a. Berry- bearing. Ray. 
BA'CHELOR. /. [baccalaureus.] 

1. A man unmarried. D^yden. 

2. A man who takes his firft degrees. 

■X. A knight of the loweft order. 
BA''CHEL0RS Button. Campion ; an herb. 
BA'CHELORSHIP. /. [ixQmbackehr.] The 

condition of a bachelor. Shakel'peare. 

BACK. /. [bac, bar, Sax.] 

1. The hinder part of the body. Bacon. 

2. The outer part of the hand when it is 
fhut. Donne, 

3. Part of the body ; which requires 
eloaths. Locke. 

4. The rear. Clarendon. 
|. The place behin3. Dryden. 


6. The part of any thing out of fight. 


7. The' thick part of any tool. AthiUhnotm 
BACK. ad. [from the noun.] 

1. To the place whence one came. 


2. Backward from the prefent ftaticn. 


3. Behind j not coming forward. 


4. Toward things part. Burnet, 

5. Again j in return. Sbakefpeore, 

6. Again ; a fecond time. Dryden, 
To BACK. -v. a. 

1. To mount a horfe. Shahefpeare, 

2. To break a horfe. Rofcommon. 

3. To place upon the back. Sbakefpeare, 

4. To maintain ; to ftrengthen. South.. 

5. To juftify ; to fupport. Boyle» 

6. To fecond. Dryden. 
To BA'CKBITE. v. a. [from hack znAbite.^ 

To cenfure or reproach the abfent. 

BA'CKBITER. /. [from backbite.] A privy 

calumniator 3 cenfurer of the abfent. 

BACCA'RRY. Having on the back. Co-.veU 
BACKDCOR. /. [from back and dcor.J 

The door behind the houfe. Atterburj, 
BA'CKED. a, [from back.] Having a back, 

BA'CKFRIEND. /. [horn back inifriend.\ 

An enemy in fecret. South, 

EACKGA'MMON. /. [from bach gammon, 

Welch, a little battle.] A play or game 

with dice and tables. Sivift. 

BA'CKHOUSE, /. [horn back and haufe.1 

The buildings behind the chief part of the 

hnufe. Careiv. 

BA'CKPIECE. /. [from back and piece.} 

The piece of armour which covers the back. 
BA'CKROOM. A room behind. Moxon. 
BA'CKSIDE. /. [from hack znifide.] 

1. Tlie hinder part of any thing. A'ewton. 

2. The hind part of an animal. Addijon^ 

3. The yard or ground behind a houfe. 


To BACKSLI'DE. 1/. «. [from hack and 

ftid^.] To fall off. Jeremiah. 

BACKSLI'DER. /, [from backjlide.] An 

apnftate. Prov. 

BA'CKSTAFF. /. [from ^ar* and >/; be- 

caufe, in taking an obfervation, the ob- 

ferver's back )s turned towards the fun.] 

An inftrument ufeful in taking the fun's 

altitude at fea. 


B A F 

BA'CKSTAIRS. /. The private flairs in 

the houle. Bacon, 

BA'CKSTAYS. /. [from lack and Jiay.^ 

R'lpes which keep the mafts from pitching 

BA'CKSWORD. /. [itom back and f-word.'^ 

A fword with one fharp edge. 
BA'CKWARD. 7 a. [back and peapb, 

1. With the back forwards. Gen. ix. 

2. Towards the back. Bacon. 

3. On the back, Dryden. 

4. From the prefent ftation to the place be- 
' hind. i^hakefpeare. 

5. Regreflively. Newton. 

6. Towards fomething part. South. 

7. Out of the progreflive flate. Davus, 

8. From a better tea worfeftate. Dryd-n, 

9. Paft ; in time paft. Lockt. 

10. Perverfely. Shakefpeare, 

1. Unwillingj avetfe, Atterhury. 

2.. Hefitating. Shakefpeare, 

3. Sluggifh 5 dilatory. IVatts, 

4. Dull ; not quick or apprehenfive. 

BA'CKWARD. The things paft. 

BA'CKWARDLY. ad. [from backtvard.] 

1. Unwillingly j averfely. Sidney. 

1. Perverfely. Ska'kcfpeare. 

BA'CKWARDNESS. /. [from backivard.'l 

Dulnefs j fliipgifhnefs. Atterbury. 

BA'CON. /. The flefh of a hog faked and 

dried. Dryden. 

BAD. {([iiaad, Dutch.] 

1. Ill j not good. fopt. 

2. Vitious ; corrupt, "Prior , 

3. Unfortunate; unhappy. Dryden. 

4. Hurtful i uawholefome. Addifon. 

5. Sick. 

BADE. \ TJ^e preterite of bii. 

BADGE. /. 

I, A mark or cognizance worn. Atterbury. 
a, A token by which one is known. 

3. The mark of any thing. Dryden. 

To BADGE, t'. a. To mark, Shakefpeare. 

BADGER, f. A brock. Broivn. 

BA'DGER. /. One that buys corn and vic- 
tuals in one place, and carries it into ano- 
ther. Ce^vd. 

BA'DLY. ad. Not well. 

BA'DNESS. /. Want of good qualities. 


To BA'FFLE. v. a. [beffler, Fr.] 

J. To elude. South, 

2. To confound. Diydcr., 

3. Tocrulh. Add for. 
BA'fFLE, /. [frem the verb.] A defeat. 

Sou- by 

B A I 

BA'FFLER. /. [from baffle.'] He that ptiM 
to confufion. Go-vemmenl of tbeTongus, 

BAG. /. belje, Sax.] 

I. A fack, or pouch. South. 

z. That part of animals in which fome 
particular juices are contained, as the poi- 
fon of vipers. Dryden. 

3. An ornamental purfe of filk tied to 
men's hair. Addfon. 

4. A term ufed to fignify quantities j as a 
bag of pcpp:r. 

To BAG. V. a. [from the noun.] 

I. To put into a bag, Drydtf., 

Z. To load with a bag. Dryden, 

To BAG. nj. n. To fwelf like a full bag. 


BA'GATELLE. /. [lagatclU, Fr.] A tnfle. 


BA'GGAGE. /. [baggage, Fr.] 

1. The furniture of an army. Bacnn, 

z. A worthlefs woman. Sidney, 

BA'GNIO. /. {bagno, Ital.] A houfe for 
baching, and fweating, Arbutbnot, 

BA'GPIFE. /. [hag and pipe.] A mufical 
inftrument, confilling of a leathern bag, 
and pipes, Addifin, 

BAGPIPER. /. [from bagpipe.] One that 
plays on a bagpipe. Shakefpeare. 

BAIL./. Bail is the freeing or fetting at 
liberty one arretted or imprifoned upon 
action either civil or criminal, under fe- 
curity taken for his appearance. 

To BAIL, "v.a. from the noun.] 

1. To give bail for another. 

2. To admit to bail. Clarendon, 
BAILABLE, a. [from bjt!.] That may bo 

fet at liberty by bail. 
BA'ILIFF. /. [bai/iie, Fr.] 

I. A fubordinate officer. Addifon. 

z. An officer whofe bufinefs it is to exe- 
cute arrefls. Bacon, 

3. An imder-fteward of a manor. 
BA'ILIWICK, J. [haillie, and pic, Sax.] 

The place of the jurisdidion of a bailiff. 

To BAIT- •". a. batin, Sax.] 

1. To put meat to tempt animals. 

2, To give meat to one's felf, or horfts, 
on the road. Fairy Qjieen. 

To BAIT. -v. a. [from battre, Fr.J To let 
dogs upon. Shakefpeare. 

To BAIT, V. f!. 

s. To flop at any ptace for refreflimenf ; 

Par. Lcfl. 
z To clap the wings. Sbakefpeare, 

BAIT. /. 

1. Meat fet to allure animals to a fnare. 


2. A temptation ; an enticement. 


3. A refrefhnent on a journey. 


B A L 

BAIZE. /. A kind of coarfe open doth.. 
To BAKE. -v. a. [b«can. Sax. J 

1. To heat any thing in a clofe place. 


2. To harden in the fire. Bacon, 

3. To harden with heat. Drjden, 
To BAKE. T, ff. 

1. To do the work of baking. Sbakefp. 

2. To be baked. Hbakefpeai e. 
B.VKEHOUSE. /. Aplacefor baking'bread. 
BAKER. /. [from to bake.} He whofe 

trade is to bake. South. 

BALANCE, /. [balance, Fr.] 

1. A pair of fcales. 

2. The aft of comparing two things, 


3. The overplus of weight. Bactn. 

4. That which is wanting to make two 
parts of an account even. 

5. Equipoife. Pcpe, 

6. The beating part of a watch, Locke, 

7. In agronomy. One of the figns. Libra. 
ToBA'LANCE. V. a. [balancer, Fr.] 

I, To weigh in a balance. UEftrange. 
2; To counterpoife. Nezuton, 

3. To regulate an account. Locke. 

4. To pay that which is wanting. Prior. 
To BA'LANCE. f . ». To hefitate ; to 

fluduate. Locke. 

BA'LANCER. /. [from balance.'} Theper- 

fon that weighs. 
EA'LASS. Rul>y. f, [balas, Fr.] A kind 

of ruby. 
BALCO'NY, /. [hakon, Fr.] A frame of 

wood, or ftone, before the window of a 

room, Herbert. 

BALD. a. [bal, Welch.] 

I. Without hair. Addifon. 

5. Without natural covering. Shakcfpeare. 
3. Unadorned ; inelegant. Dryden. 
5. Stjipped j without dignity. 

BA'LDERDASH. /. Rude mixture.' 
To BA LDERDASH. v. a. To adulterate 

BA'LDLY. ad. [from bald.] Nakedly j 

meanly ; inelegantly. 
BA LDMONY. /. Gentian ; a plant. 
B.VLDNESS. /. [from bald.} 

1. The want ot hair. 

2. The lofs of hair. Swift. 

3. Meannefs of writing, 

r. A girdle. Pof>e. 

2. The zodiack. Sperftr. 
BALE. /. [balle, Fr.] A bundle of goods. 

ff^oodu'a' d, 
BALE. /. [basl, Sax.] Mifery. F. S^een. 
To BALE. 1;. n. To make up into a bale. 
BA'LEFUL. a. [from bale.] 

I. Sorrowful J fad. Par.LoJl. 

3. Full of Qiiichief. Fairy ^«", Dryden, 


BALEFULLY. ad. [frombale/ul.] Soiiow' 
fuDy J irifchievouily. 

BALK. /, [balk, Dut.J A great beam, 

BALK. /, A bridge of land left unploughed. 

To BALK. 1^. a. [See the noun.] 

I. To difappoint i to ft uftrate. Prior, 
a. To mifs any thing. Drayton, 

3. To omit. SLakeffeare. 

BA'LKERS. /. Men who give a fign which 
way the Ihole of herrings is. Care"u,\ 

BALL. /. [bol, Dan.] 

1. Any thing made in a round form. 


2. A round thing to play with. Sidney. 

3. A globe. Gran-vifle. 

4. A globe borne as an enfign of fovereign- 
ty. Bacon. 

5. Any part of the body that approaches to 
roundnef<;. Peacham. 

Ball. /. \bal, Fr.] An entertainment of 
dancing. Stuift. 

BAl-LAD. /. \balade, Fr.] A fong. 


To BA'LLAD. v. n. To make or fmg bal- 
lads. Shake fteare. 

BA'LLAD. SINGER. /, One whofe em- 
ployment it is to fing ballads in the ftreets. 


BALLAST,/, [ballofie. Dutch.] Some- 
thing put at the bottom of the /hip to keep 
it fteady. Wilkir.i, 

Te BA'LLAST. v. a. 

1. To put weight at the bottom of a fliip. 


2. To keep any thing fleady. Donne, 
BALLETTE. /. [ballette, Fr.] A dance. 
BA'LLIARDS. /, Billiards. Sfenjer, 
BALLO'N. 7 r r,,,„„ r^ 
BALLO'ON.K' ^^''""''^'' 

1. A large round fliort-neckcd veflel ufed 
in chymifiry. 

2. A ball placed on a pillar. 

3. A ballof pafteboard, ftufFcd with ccn- 
buftible matter, which, mounts in the air, 
and then burfts. 

BALLOT. /. [balhtte, Fr.] 

1. A little bailor ticket ufed in giving vote:. 

2. The adl of voting by ballet. 

To BA'LLOT. v. r,. [balkter, Fr.] To 
choofe by ballot. Ifolton, S-W'ft. 

BALLOT A'TION. /. [from ballot.] the 
aft of voting by ballot. (fonpr. 

BALM. /. [baunte, Fr.] 

1. Thefapor juiceof aflirub, remarkably 
odoriferous. Diydcr. 

2. Any valuable or fragrant ointment. 


3. Any thing that fooths or mitigates pain, 

^^^^' fir,t\S' The nnme of 3 plant 


K 2 



1. The juice drawn from the balfam tree. 

2. A plant remarkable for the ftrong bal- 
famick fcent. 

To BALM, v, a. [from halm.^ 

1. To anoint with balm. Shalefpeare. 

4. To footh ; to mitigate. Shakejpcare. 
BA'LMY. a. [from balm.} 

I. Having the qualities of balm. Milton, 

a. Producing balm, 

3. Soothing; foft. Dryden. 

4. Fragrant j odoriferous. Dryden. 

5. Mitigating; affuafive. Shakejpcare. 
BA'LNEARY. /. [balnearium, LiUn.] A 

bathing- room. Brozun. 

BALNEA'TION. /. [from balneum, Lat.] 

The a£t of bathing. Broivn. 

BA'LNtATORY. a. [halneatorius , Litin,] 

Belonging to a bath. 
BA'LSAM. j. [ba'/amum, Lat.] Ointment; 

unguent. Denham, 

BA'LSAM Apple. An Indian plant. 
BALSA'MICAL. 7 a. Unftuousj mitigat- 
BALSATVIICK. S ing. Hale, 

BA'LUSTRADE. /. Rows of little turned 

pilhiE, called balufters. 
BAMBOO. /. An Indian plant of the reed 

To BAMBO OZLE. f. a. To deceive ; to 

impofe upon, Arbutbnof. 

BAMBO'OZLER. /. A cheat. Arbutkwt. 
BAN. /. \ban, Teutonick.] 

1. Publick notice given of any thing. 


2. A curfe ; excommunication, Rslcigb. 

3. Interdiflion. Milton. 

4. Ban of the empire ; a publick cenlure 
by whiih the privileges of any Gernun 
prince are fufpended. Howel. 

To Ban. -v. a. [bannen, Dutch.] To curie 5 
to execrate. Kinllis. 

BANA'NA Tree. Plantain. 
LAND, /. [bende, Dutch.] 

1. A tye ; a bandage. Shaieff^ecr.". 

2. A chiin by which any animal is kept 
in reftrainr. Dryden. 

3. Any union or connexion. Sbakrjp. 
4,. A y thing bound round another. Bacon. 
e, A company of petfons joined together. 

%, In architefture. Any flat low mould- 
ing, fafcia, face, or plinth. 
To BAND. v. a. [trom band."} 

1. To unite together into one body or 
troop. Ml/ton, 

2. To bind over with a band. Dryden, 
BA NDAGE. /. [bandage, Fr.] 

1. S ;melhing bound over another, j^ddifin. 

2. The fillet or roller wrapped over a 
wounded member. 

BANDBOX. /. [band and box,] A flight 
box ufed for bands and other tbinirs of 
tTfiili weight. j Mdijon, 


BA'NDELET. /. [bandeltt, Fr.] Any flat 

moulding or fillet. 
BA'NDIT. 7 /. in the plural banditti. 
BANDI'TTO. 5 [bandito, Italian.] A man 

outlawed. Shakefpeare, Pope, 

BA'NDOG/. {band 3,nA dog. \ A maftiff. 

BANDOLEERS. /. [bandouUen, French.] 

Small wooden cafes covered with leather, 

each of them containing powder that is a 

fufficient charge for a mufket. 
BATSIDROL. /. [banderol, Fr.] A little flag 

or ftreamer. 
BA'NDY. /. [from lander, Fr.] A club 

turned round at bottom for ftriking a ball. 
To BA'NDY. v. a. 

1. To beat to and fro, or from one to an- 
other, Blaclmore. 

2. To give and take reciprocally. Shakejp, 

3. To agitate ; to tofs about. Locke. 
To BA'NDY. w. r. To contend. Eydibras. 
BA'NDYLEG. /. [from bar:der, Fr.] A 

crooked leg. Sivift. 

BA'NDYLEGGED. a. [from bandyUg.] 

Having crooked leg;. 
BANE. /. [bar.a, Saxon.] 

1. Poifon. Addifan. 

2. Mifchief J ruin. Hooktr. 
To BANE. -v. a. To poifon, Svakefpeare. 

1. Poifonous, Pope, 

2. Delh-uftive. Br». Joh<.j',ii, 
BA'NEFULNESS. f. [from i,aneful.] Poilon- 

oufnefs ; deftrt;'?<ivenefs. 
BA'NEWORT. f. Deadly nightOiade. 
To BANG. -u. a. [i-engalc>:, Dutch.] 

1. To beat ; to thump. Hott'ef. 

2. To handle roughly. Sbi>l:ffpeare. 
BANG. /. [from the vcib.] A blow ; a 

thump. lludibias. 

ToBA'NISH. -v. a. [^;«/r, Fr.] 

1. To condemn to leave his own country. 


2. To drive away. ''Iilioffon, 
BA'NISHER. /. [from bari/b.] He chat 

forces another from his own country. <>ba!;, 

1. The ad: of bani/hing another. 

2. Theftate of being ban:fhed ; exile. Dryd, 
BANK. /, [banc, Saxon.] 

1, The earth rifiiig «n each fide of a 
water. Crajhoiu. 

2, Any heap of earth piled up. Samuel, 

3, A bench of rowers. Waller, 

4, A place where money is laid up to be 
called for occafu nally. South, 

5, The company of perfons concerned in 
managing a bank. 

To BANK. 1). a, [from the noun.] 

1. To lay up money in a bank. 

2. To indole with banks. Ihomfen, 
BANK-BILL. /. [from bank and bill,] A 

note for money kid up jn a bank, at the 


g A P 

fight of which the money is psid. S'u>tfi. 

BANKER. /. [from ianL] One that tidt- 
licks in money. Drjddti, 

BA'NKRUPCY. /, [from bankrupt.] 
I. The ftate of a man broken, or bank- 

1. The aft of declaring one's felf bank- 

BANKRUPT, tf. [l>an^uereute, Fr.] In 
dfebt beyond the power of payment. 

To BA'NKRUPT. v. a. To break ; to 
difable one from Satisfying his creditors. 


BA'NNER. /. [bannierc, Fr.] 

I. A flag ; a ftandard. Mihon, 

1. A ftreamer borne at the end of a lance. 

BA'NNERET. /. [from banner.'^ A knight 
made in the field. Camden. 

BA'NNEROL. /. [from bandtrole, Fr.J A 
little flag or ftreamer. Camden, 

BA'NNIAN. /. A man's undrels, or morn- 
ing gown. 

BA'NNOCK. /. A kind of oaten or peafe 
meal cake. 

BANQUET./, [banquet, Fr.] A feaft. 

To BA'NQUET. v, a. To treat any cne 

with feafts. Uay%vard, 

To BA'NQUET. -v. «. To feaft j to fare 

daintily. Ssuth, 

BA'NQUETER. /. [from banquet. '\ 

I. A feafier ; one that lives deiicioufly, 

2.. He that makes feafts. 
BA NQUET-HOUSE. ? /• r banquet 

BA'x\QUETING-HOUSE. 5 and houfe.^ A 

houfe where banquets are kept. Dryden. 
BJNS^JE'TTE. /. A fmall bank at the 

foot of the parapet. 
BA'NSTICLE. /. A fmall fifh ; a ftickle- 

To BA'NTER. v. a. [badiner, Fr.] To 

play upon ; to rally. L'Ejlrarge, 

BANTER./, [from' the yerb.] Ridicule; 

raillery. U' Ejirange. 

BA'NTERER. /. [from banter.'] One that 

banters. L^ Ejlraiige. 

BA'NTLING. /. [baimling.'] A little chiid. 

BA'PTISM. /. [bjptifinus, Lat. ^a-Brli^r^ui?.] 

1. Baptijm is given by water, and that 
prefcript form of words which the church 
of Chrift doth ufe. Hooker. 

2. Baftijin is often taken in Scripture for 
fufterings. Luke. 

BAPTISMAL, a. [from baftijm.'] Of or 
pertaining to baptifm. Hanmond. 

BA'PTIST. /. lhcptifte,Yt. ectTrliri;-] He 
that adiTiinifters baptifm. Milton. 

BA'PTISTERY. / [iafijierium, Lat.] The 
place where the lacrament of baptifm is 
adminiftred. Mdifon, 

To BAPTIZE, -v. a. [baptifer, Fr. from 
^itsTik^aj.] Tochriftenj to adminifter the 


facrament of baptifm. Mikon, Roprrs 
BAPTI'ZER. /. [from to iaptixe.] One 
that chriftens ; one that adminifters bap- 
tifm. *^ 
EAR. /; [htrre, Fr.] 

1. A piece of wood laid crofs a pafTage to 
hinder entrance. Exodus. 

2- A bolt. Nehemiah, 

3. Anyobftacle. Daniel. 

4. A rock cr bank at the entrance of a 

5. Any thing ufed for prevention. Hooker. 

6. The place -where caufesof law are tried. 


7. An indofed place in a tavern, where 
tiie houfekeeper fits. Addifon. 
S. Inlaw. A peremptory exception againft 
a demand or plea. Co-wel, 

9. Any thing by which the ftrufture is 
held together. Jonah, 

10. Ban, i-n tnufiek, are ftrokes drawn 
perpendicularly acrofs the lines of a piece 
of mufick 5 ufed to regulate the beating 
or meafure of mufical time. 

BAR SHOT. /. Two half bulleti joined 

together by an iron bar. 
To BAR. 1;. a. [from the noun.] 

1. Tofaften orihut any thing with a bolt, 
or bar. S-wift. 

2. To hinder ; to obflruifl. Shakefpeare, 

3. To prevent. Sidney. 

4. To fliut out from. Dryden. 

5. To exclude from a claim. Hooker. 

6. To prohibit. j^ddifon. 

7. To except. Shakefpeare. 
8 To hinder a fuit. Dryden, 

BARB. /. [barbj, a beard, Lat.] 

J, Any thing that grows in the place of 
the beard. fValion. 

2, The points that ftand backward in an 
arrow. Pope, 

3. The armour for horfes. Haynuard, 
BARB. /. [contraded from Barbary.] A 

Barbary horfe. 
To BARB. -v. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To fhave ; to drefs out the beard. Sbak. 

2. To furniih horfes with armour. Dryden. 

3. To jag arrows with hooks. Philips, 
BA'RBACAN. /. [harbacane, Fr.] 

1. A fortification placed before the walk 
of a town. Spenfer. 

2. An opening in the wall through which 
the guns are levelled. 

BA'RBADOES Cherry, [malphigia, Latin.] 
A pleafant tart fruit in the Weft Indies. 

BARBA'DOES Tar. A bituminous fub- 
ftance, differing little from petroleum. 



I. A man uncivilized ; afavage. Stillingfl, 
1. A foreigner, Shakefpeare. 

3. A man without pity. Philips. 



SARBA'RTAN. a. Savage. Pcfe, 

BARBA'RICK. a. [barbaneui, Lat.J Fo- 
reign; far-fetched. Milion, 
BARBARISM. /. [barharifmus, Lat.] 
». A form of fpeech contrary to the po- 
lity of language. Dryden, 
a. Ignorance of arts ; want of learning. 

3. Brutality } favagenefs of manners ; in- 
civility. Daviei, 

4. Cruelty ; harHnefs of heart, Sbakefp, 
BARBA'RITY. /. [from barbarous.'] 

I.. Savagenefs ; incivility, 

a. Cruelty ; inhumanity. Clarendon, 

y Impurity of fpcfch. Sivrfr, 

BA'RBAROUS. a. [barbart, Fr,] 

1. Stranger to civility; favage ; uncivi- 
lized. Da-viti, 

2. Unacquainted with arts. Dryden, 

3. Cruel \ inhuman. Clarendon, 
Ba RBAROUSLY, ad, [from barbarous.\ 

T, Without knowledge or arts. 

2. In a manner contrary to the rules of 
fpeech. Steftrcy, 

3. Cruelly ; inhumanly. SpeBator. 
BA'RBAROUSNESS. /. [from barbarout.] 

1. Incivility of manners. Temple. 

a. iJBpurity of language. Brereiuood. 

3. Cruelty. H-ale. 

To BA'RBECUE. v, a, A term for dref- 

£ng a hoe, whole. Pope, 

EA RBECUE. /. A hog dreft wrhole. 
BARBED, particip. a. [from to barb,'\ 

1. Furnifihed with armour. Hhakefp, 

2. Bearded j jagged with hooks. Milton, 
BA'RBEL. /. [from barb.] A kind of fifti 

found in rivers. Waltafi, 

BA'RBER. /. [from to barb,] A man who 
fliaves the beard. M'^ottou. 

1» BA'RBER. v. a. [from the noun.] To 
^refs out ; to powder. Shakejpeare, 

joins the praflice of furgery to the bar- 
ber's trade., 

BARBER-MONGER. /. A fop decked 
©lit by his barber. Sbakefpcare, 

BARBERRY. /. [herberls, Lat.] Pipper- 
jdge bulh. Mortimer. 

BARD./, [bardd, Welch.] A poet. Spcnfer, 

BARE. a. [bape, Saxon.] 

J. Naked; without covering. Add'fon. 
z. Uncovered in refpeft. Clarendon, 

3. Unadorned ; plain ; fimple. Spenfcr. 

4. Dttefted ; without concealment. Milt. 
<;. Poor ; without plenty. Hooker, 

6. Mere. Soutb. 

7. Threadbare ; much worn. 

8. Not united with any thing elfe. Hooker. 
To BARE. v. a, [from the adjediive.] To 

flrip. Bacon. 

B.'\RE. preterite of to hear. 
BA'REBONE. /. [from bare, and oonc] 




1. With the face naked ; not mafked. 


2. Shamelefs ; unreferved. Clarendon, 
BAREFA'CEDLY. ad. [from barefaced.} 

Openly ; fhamelefly ; without difguife. 

BAREFA'CEDNESS. /, [from barefaced.] 

Effrontery ; atTurance ; audacioufnefs. 
BA'REFOOT, a, [from bart and foot.J 

Without Ih^es. Aldijon. 

BAREFOOTED, tf. Without flioes. Sidney. 
BAREHEADED, a. [from bare and head.] 

Uncovered in refpeft. Dryden. 

BARELY, ad, [from ^.J^f.] 

1. Nakedly. 

2. Merely ; only. Hooter., 
BA RENESS. /. [from bare.] 

1. Nakednefs. Sbaiefpeare. 

2. Leannefs. Sbatefpeare^ 

3. Pjverty. Souths 

4. Meannefg of clothes. 
"RkKCM^. J. [bargaigneyTt.] 

1. A contra£t or agreement concerning 
fale. Bacon. 

2. The thing Bought 0/ fold. VEJirarge., 

3. Stipulation. Bacon, 

4. An unexpefted reply, tending to ob- 
fcenity. Dryden. 

5. An event ; an upfhot. Arbuthnot. 
To BARGAIN, -v. n. To make a contract 

for fale, Addijon, 

BARGAINEE'. /. [from bargain.] He or 

flie that accepts a bargain. 
BA'RGAINER, /. [from bargain.] The 

perfon who proffers or makes a bargain. 
BARGE. /. [bargie, Dutch.] 

1, A boat for pleafure. Raleigh, 

2. A boat for burden. 

BA'RGER. /. [from barge.] The manager 
of a barge, Careiu. 

BARK. /. [barck, Danifh.] 

1. The rind or covering of a tree. Bacon. 

2. A fmall fhip. [barca, low Lat.J Granv, 
To BARK. -v. n, [beopcan, Saxon.] 

1. To make the noife which a dog makes, 


2. To clamour at. Sbakeffeore, 
To BARK. -v. a, [from the noun.] To 

rtrip trees of their bark. 'Temple, 

BARK-BARED, a. Stripped of the bark. 
BA'RKER, /. [from bark.] 

1. One that barks or clamours, B, John[, 

2. One employed in ftripping trees. 
BA'RKY. a. [from bark.] Confifting of 

bark. Sbakefpears. 

BA'RLEY. /. A grain. 
BA'LEYBRAKE, /. A kind of rural play. 


EA'RLEY FROTH, /. [bar/ty and brotb.] 

Strong beer. ' Sbakeffean;. 



BARLEYCORN./, [from Barley Mi torn.] 
A grain of barley. Tichll. 

BARM. /. [burm, Welch.] Yeaft ; the fer- 
fnent put into drinic to make it work. 


BA'RMY. a, ffrom harm,] Containing 
barm. Dryden. 

Barn. /, [bejin, Sax.] A place or honfe 
for laying up any fort of grain, hay, or 
ftraw. j^ddijvn, 

BA'RNACLE. /. [benpn, a child, and aac, 
an Oak.] A bird like a goofe, fabuloufly 
fuppofed to grow on trees. Benthy, 

BARO'METER. /, [from 5a;-®- and (xi- 
TJov. ] A machine for meafuring the 
weight of the atmofpherc, and the varia- 
tions in it, in order chiefly to determine 
the changes of the weather. 

BAROME'TRICAL. a. [from Urometer.] 
Relating to the barometer. Derbam, 

BA 'RON. /. [Baro, Lat.] 

1. A degree of nobility next to a vifcount. 

2. Barer is an officer, as barons of the 

3. There are alfo barens of the cinque 
ports, that have places in the lower houfe 
of parliament. 

4. Baron is ufed for the hufband in rela- 
tion to his wife. Coivel. 

5. A baron of beef is when the two fir- 
loins are not cut afunder, DSi, 

BA'RONAGE. /. [from baron.] The dig- 
nity of a baron. 

BA'RONESS, /. [baronejfa, Ital.J A ba- 
ron's lady. 

BA'RONET. /. [of baron and et, diminu- 
tive termination.] The loweft degree of 
iionour that is hereditary ; it is below a 
baron, and above a knight. 

BA'RONY. /. [Laronnie, Fr.] That ho- 
nour or lordihip that gives title to a baron. 

BA'ROSCOPE. /, [&^(^ and e-M^mit^.] 
An inftniment to /hew the weight of the 
atmofphere. Arbhthnot. 

BA RRACAN. /. [bouracan, Fr.] A ftrong 
thick kind of camelot. 

BA'RRACK. /. [harracca. Span.] Build- 
ing to lodge foldiers. 

BARRATOR. /. [old Fr. barateur, a cheat.] 

A wrangler, and encourager of law fuits. 


BARRATRY. /. f from barrator. ] Foul 
practice in law. Hudibras, 

BA'RREL. /. [baril, Welch.] 

X. A round wooden veffel to be flopped 
clofe. Dryiien. 

2. A barrel of wine is thirty one gallons 
and a half; of ale, thirty two gallons j 
of beer, thirty fix gallons, and of beer 
Vinegar, thirty four gailon'. 

3. Any thing hollcrw, as ih; ia<-rel of z 

B A S 

4. A cylinder. Moxsn. 

To BA'RREL. v. a. To put any thing »n 

3 l'a"el. SptmRr: 

BARREL-BELLIED, a. Having a large 

l'""y- ■ Dryden. 

BA'RREN. a. [bape, Saxon.] 

1. Not prolifick. Sbakcfpeart. 

Z. Unfruitful ; not fertile ; fterik, Po/n-, 

3. Not copious J fcanty. S-wi/r. 

4. Unmeaning ; uninventive ; doll. Shak. 
BARRENLY, ad. [from barren.] Unfruit- 

fully. ■• 

BARRENNESS. /. [from barren.} 

1. Want of the power of procreation. 


2. Unfruitfulnefs ; flerility. Bacon. 

3. Want of invention, Dryden, 

4. Want of matter. Hooker. 

5. In theology, want of renfibility. Taylvr, 
BA'RREN WORT. /. A plant. 
BA'RRFUL. a. [bar iini fuli.] Fu!l ofoo- 

ftruclions. Sbakefteare. 

BARRICADE. /. [barricade, Fr.] 

1. A fortification made to keep off an at- 

2. Any flop ; bar ; obftruftion. Dirbam. 
To BARRICA'DE. -v. a. [barricader, Fr.J 

To flop up a pafTage. Gay, 

BARRICA'DO. /. [barricada, Span.] A 

fortification ; a bar, Bacan, 

To BARRICA'DO. v. a. To fortify ; tc. 

''ar. Clarendor.. 

BA'RRIER. /. \barriere, Fr.] 

I. A barricade ; an entrenchment. Pope, 

a. A fortification, or ftrong place. Siuift. 

3. A flop ; an obftruftion. IVatts. 

4. A bar to mark the limits of any placp. 

S- A boundary. Pope. 

BARRISTER. /. [from bar.] A perfon 
qualified to plead the caules of clients \i\ 
the courts of juftice. Blount, 

BARROW. /. [be/iepe, Saxon.] Any car- 
riage moved by the hand, as a banJ-bar~ 
roiv. Gay, 

BARROW. /. [be;i5, Saxon.] A hog. 

To BARTER, -v. n. [baratter, Fr.] To 
traffick by exchanging one commo<lity for 
another, CollUr. 

To BA'R TER. v. a. To give any thing in 
exchange. Prior^ 

BA'RTER, /. [from the verb.] The ad or 
priftice of traflficking by exchange. Felton. 

BA'RTERER. /. [from barter.] He that 
trafficks by exchange. 

BA'RTERY. /. [from barter.] Exchange 
of commodities. Camden, 

BA'RTRaM. /. A plant ; pellitory. 

BASE. a. [bas, French.] 

1. Mean; vile; worthlefs. Peacham. 
3. D.iingenuous ; illiberal j ungenerous. 
5. Of 

B A S 

3. Of low Cation j of mean account, 


4. Bife-born \ born out of wedlock. 


5. [Applied to metals J ] without value. 


6. [Applied to founds.] deep, grave. Bacon. 
BASE-BORN. a. Boin out of wedlock. Gay. 
Ease- COURT. /. Lower court, 
BASE-MIMDED. a. Mean fpirited. Camden. 
BASE-VIOL. /. An inftrument ufed in 

concerts for the bafe found. Addijon. 

BASE. /. [has, French.] 

1. The bottom of any thing. Prior. 

2. The pedeftal of a flatuc. Broome. 

3. Houfings. Sidney. 

4. The bottom of a cone. 

5. Stockings. Hudibras. 

6. The place from which racers or tilters 
run. Dryden. 

7. The firing that gives a bafe found. 


Z. An old ruftick play. Sbakefpeare, 

To BASE. -v. a. \bafier, Fr.] To embafe ; 

to make lefs valuable. Bacon, 
BA'SELV, ad. [from ba^e.-\ 

1. Meanly ; di/honourably. Clarendon, 

2. In baftardy. Knoliet. 
BASENESS. /. [from baje.'^ 

1. Meannels ; vilenefs. South. 

2. Vilenefs of metal. Sivi/t. 

3. Baftardy. Sh-jiifpsare. 

4. Deepnefs of found. Bacon. 
To BASH. -i'.n. [probably from 6(r/<r.] To 

be alhamed. Upenfcr, 

BASHA'VV. /. Among the Turks, the vi- 

cerov of a province. Bacon, 

BA'SHFUL. a. [I'erhafftn, Dutch.] 

1. Modeft ; flianiefaced. Sbakefpeare. 

2. Vitioufly modeft. Sidney. 
BA'SHFULLY. ad. [from bajhful.'\ Timor- 

oufly ; modsftly. 
BA'SHFULNESS. /. [from bajhful.'] 

I. Modefty. Dryden. 

a. Vitious or ruftick fliame, Dryden, 

BA'SIL. /. The name of a plant. 
BA'SIL. /. The angle to which the edge of 

a joiner's tool is ground away. 
BA'SIL. /. The Ikin of a Ihcep tanned. 
To BA'SIL. f. a. To grind the edge of a 

tool to an angle. ALxon. 

BASI'LICA. j. [Sa«-i>vj««.] The middle 

vein of the arm, S^uincy. 

BASI'LICAL 7 a. [from ba/iUca.] The 
BASI'LICK. 5 bafilick vein. Slarp. 

BASILICK. /. [b.jjiliqve, Tx. ^xriXiyr..] 

A large hall, a m^ignificerit church. 
BASl'LICON. /. [\iy.n.'\ Anointment 

called Mo terrapharmacon. Wii'cman, 

BA'SILISK./. [baii.ifcus, Lat.] 

I. A kind of ferpent J a cockatrice; faid 

to kill by looking. Brejvn, 

B A S 

2. Afpeciesof cannon. £row», 

BASIN. A. [ba_fin, Fr.] 

1. A fmall velTel to hold water for wafh- 
ing, or other ufes. Broiun, 

2. A fmall pond. Speffator. 

3. A part of the fea indofed in rocks. 


4. Any hollow place capacious of liquids. 


5. A dock for repairing and building ftips. 

6. Bajim of a balance j the fame with the 

BA'SIS. /. [baf,, Lat.] 

1. The foundation of any thing. Dryden, 

2. The loweft of the thiee principal parts 
of a column. Addijun. 

3. That on which any thing is raifed. 


4. The pedeftal. Sbakefpeare. 

5. The groundwork. Sbakefpeare. 
To BASK. 'V, a. [backeren, Dutch,] To 

waim by laying out in the heat, Milton. 

To BASK., "v. n. To lie in the warmth. 


BA'SKET. /. [bafged, Welch.] A velTel 
made of twigs, ruflies, or fplinters. Dryd. 

BA'SKET- HILT. /. A hilt of a weapon 
fo made as to contain the whole hand. 


BA'SKET. WOMAN. /. A woman that 
plies at markets with a balket. 

BASS. a. [In mufick.] grave j deep. 

BAS'^-VIOL, See B.^SE-vioL. 

BASS. /. [ by yuniut derived from fome 
Britifh word (ignifying a rufh ; perhaps 
properly bofs, from the French boje,] A 
mat ufed in churches. Mortimer. 

BASS-RELIEF./, [bus zj^i relief.] Sculp- 
ture, the figures of which do not Hand 
out from the ground in their full pro- 

BA'SSET. /. [iajet, Fr.] A game at 
cards, Dennis. 

BASSO'N. 7/. [iafon, Fr.] A mufical 

BASSO'ON. i inftrument of the wind kind, 
blown with a reed. 

BA'SSOCK. /. Bafs, 

BA'STARD. /. [hafurdd, Welch.] 

I, A perfon born of a woman out of wed- 
a. Any thing fpurious. Sbakefpeare. 


1. Begotten out of wedlock. Sbakefpeare, 

2. Spurious; fuppolititious J adulterate. 

To BA'STARD. t, a. To convidt of be- 
ing a bartard. Jlacon, 
To BA'STARDIZE, i-.a. [from %?jrJ.] 

1. To convid of being a baftard. 

2. To beget a baftard. Shakefpeare. 
BA'STARDLY. ad. [from bafard.] In the 

manner of a baftard, Dor.r.e. 



To BASTE. V. a. [, Fr.] 

1. To beat with a ftick. HndihrJi. 

2. To drip butter upon meat on the fpit. 


3. To few fl ghtly. [bajier, Fr.] 
BASTINA'DE. I r Ti n J r 
BASTINA DO. I f' il^^fi'"'"'"^'^ ^'- 

1 , The aft of beating with a cudgel. Sidney . 
t. A Turkifli punifhmenc of beating an 
offender on his feet. 

To BASTINA'DE. 7 -v. a. [from the noun ; 

To BASTINADO, i baftonner, Fr. ] To 
beat. ATiutbrot. 

BA'STION. /. [hafl,o«, Fr.] A hugemafs 
of earth, ufually faced with fods, ftand- 
ing out from a rampart j a bulwark. Harris, 

BAT. /. [bat, Saxon.] A heavy ftick. 


BAT. /. An animal having the body of 
a moufe and the wings of a bird j not 
with feathers, but with a fort of fkin 
which is extended. It brings forth its 
young alive, and fuckles them. Davies. 

BAT-FOWLING. /. [from hat and/ow/.J 
Birdcatching in the night time. • They 
light torches, then beat the bu/hes ; upon 
which the birds flying to the flames, are 
caueht. Peacham. 

EATABLE, a. [from bate.] Difputable. 
Eatable ground feems to be the ground 
heretofore in queflion, whether it be- 
longed to England or Scotland. 

BATCH. /. [from bake.] 

1. The quantity of bread baked at a time. 


2. Any quantity made at once. B. Jobnfor., 
BATE. /. [from dibate.] Strife } conten- 

To BATE. V. a. [contrafted from abate,] 
I. TolefTen any thing j to retrench. Shak, 

3. To fink the price. Locke. 

3. To lelTen a demand. Sbakefptare. 

4. To cut oft". Dryden, 
To BATE. w. n. 

1. To grow lefs. Sbakefpeare, 

2. To remit. Dryden. 

BATE, once the preterite of bite, Spenfer. 

BA'TEFUL, a. (from bate aadfull.] Con- 
tentious. Sidney, 

BATEMENT. /. Diminution. Moxon, 

BATH. f. [ba«, Saxon.] 

I. A bath is either hot or cold, either of 
art or nature. y^ddifon, 

a. Outward heat, applied to the body. 


3. A vefTel of hot water, in which another 
is placed that requires a fofter heat than the 
naked fite. ^uincy. 

4. A fort of Hebrew meafurCj containing 
feven gallons and four pints. Calmet, 

To BATHE, -v. a, \h.kun, Saxon.] 
I. To wafh in a bath. South, 

s. To fupple or foften by the outward 


application of warm liquors. Dryddtt 

3. To wafli with any thing. Drydetu 

To BATHE, -v. n. To be in the water, 

BATING, prep, [from bate,] Except. 

BA TLET. /. [from bat,] A fquare piece 

of \<!Qo6 ufed in beating linen. Shakefb. 
B.ATO'ON. /. \_bdton, Fr. formerly fpelt 


1. A Itafr or club. Eaccn, 

2. A truncheon or marlhal's flaff. 
BATTAILLOUS. a. [from /wrra/V/f, Fr.] 

Warlike j with military appearance. 

BATTALIA. /. [battagtia, Ital.] The 

order of battle. Clarendon. 

BATTA'LION. /. {bataillon, Fr.] 

1. A divilion of an army j a troop ; a 
body of forces. Pope. 

2. An army. Sbakefpeare. 
To BA'TTEN, -v, a. 

1. To fatten, or make fat. Milton, 

2. To fertilize. Pbilips. 
To BATTEN, -v. v. To grow fat. Garth. 
BA'TTEN. /. A batten is a fcantling of 

wooden ftufF. Aicxon. 

ToBA'TTER. v, a. [battre, to beat, Fr.] 

1. To beat ; to beat down. JValler. 

2. To wear with beating. Sivifr. 

3. To wear out with fcrvice. Southern. 
BATTER. /. [from to haitir.] A mixture 

of feveral ingredients beaten together. 

BA'TTERER. /. {(Tom latter.] He that 

BA'TTERV. /. [batterie, Fr.] 

1. The aft of battering. Locke, 

2. The inftiuments with which a town is 
battered. Smth. 

3. The fr.ime upon which cannons are 

4. In law, a violent ftriking of any man. 

BATTLE. /. [batai'le, Fr.] 

1. A fight ; an encounter between oppofite 
armies. EccL/iafticus. 

2. A body of forces. Bacon, 

3. The main body. Ilayivard. 
To BATTLE, -u. n. [bataillir, Fr.J To 

contend in fight. Prior, 

BATTLE-ARRAY. /. Array, or order of 

battle. Add i fen, 

BATTLE-AXE. /. A weapon ; a bill. 

BA'TTLE-DOOR. /. [door and battle.] 

An inftrument with a round handle and a 

fiat blade. Locke. 

BATTLE.VIENT. /. [(rom iraitJe] A wall 

with interflices. Notris. 

BA'TTY. a. [from bat.] Belonging to a 

bat. Sbakefpeare. 



BA'VAROY. /. A kind of cloke. Gap 
BA'UBEE. /. In Scotland, a halfpenny. 

BA'VIN. /. A ft'ick like thofe bound up 

in faggots. Mortimer. 

BAWBLE. /. [/^aaW/ttw, barbarous Latin.] 

A gew-gaw j a trifling piece of finery. 

KA'WBUNG. a. \^von\ba'whk.'\ Trifling; 

contemptible. Shakejpeore. 

BA'WCOCK. /. A fine fellow. Shakefp. 
BAWD. /. [baude, old Fr.j A procurer 

or procurefs. Dryden. 

"f o BAWD. T. », [from the noun.] To 

procure. S'7vift, 

BA'WDILY. ad. [from baiv,!yA Obfcenely. 
BA'WDINESS. /. [from ba-wdy.'\ Oblcene- 

B^A'WDRICK. /, [See Baldrjck.] A 

belt. Chapman, 

BA WDRY. /. 

i. A wicked praflice of procuring and 

bringing whorea and rogues together. 


•z. Obfcenity, Ben. Joknfon. 

BA'WDY. a. [horn baivd.'\ Obfcene ; un- 

chafte. Southern. 

SaWDY- HOUSE. /. A houfe where traf- 

fick IS made by wkkednefs and debau- 
chery. Dennis. 
1o BAWL. ro. n. {bah, Lac] 

1. To hoot J to cry out with great ve- 
hemence. Smith on Pbilifi. 

2. To cry 33 a froward child. UEfirange. 
To BAWL. 1/. a. To proclaim as a crier. 


BA'WREL. /■. A kind of hawk, Dia. 

SA'WStN. /. A badger. D<a. 

BAY. a. [hadlus, Lat.] A ^ay horfe is in- 
clining to a chelnut. Al bay horfes have 
black mines. Dryden. 

BAY. /. [baye,. Dutch.] An opening into 
the land. Bacon. 

BAY. /. The ftate of any thing furrounded 
by enemies. Stvift, Thomfon. 

BAY. f. In architeflure, a term ufed to 
fignify the magnitude of a building. Biyi 
are from fourteen to twenty feet long. 


BAY. /.A tree. 

BAY. /. , An honorary crown or garland. 


To BAY. v. n. 

1. T'. b:.rk as a dog at a thisf. Spcnfer. 

2. To ihut in. Sbakefpeare. 
To BAY. V. a. To follow with barking. 


BAY Suit. Silt made of fea water^ which 

receives its confiftence from the heat of 

the (iin, and is fo called from its brown 

coiiiur. Bacon, 

B.-VY Window, A window jutting outward. 


B E A 

B A' YARD. /. [from bay.'] A bay horfe. 

BA'YONET. /. [bayonette, Fr.] A AorC 
fword fixed at the end of a mu.<ket. 

BDE'LLIUM. J. [BU»Mv.'\ An aroma- 
tick gum brought from the Levant. iJa/^/^^i. 

To BR v. n. 

J. To have feme certain ftate, condition, 
quality; as, the man « wife. Shakcfp, 

2. It is the auxiliary verb by which the 
verb paflive is formed. Sbakefpeare, 

3. Toexift; to have exigence. Dryden. 

4. To have fomething by appointment or 
rule. Locke. 

BEACH. /. The fliore ; the ftrand. Milton. 
BE' ACHED, a, [from beaeh.] Expofed to 
the waves. Sbakefpeare. 

BE' ACHY, a, {from bfach.] Having beaches. 
BE'ACON. /. [beacon, Saxon.] 

1. Something raifed on an eminence, to 
be fired on the approach of an enemy. 


2. Marks erefted to direct iravigators. 
BEAD. /. [beaae, prayer, Saxon.] 

1. Small globes or balls ftrung upon a 
thread, and ufed by the Romanifts to 
count their prayers. Pof>e. 

2. Little balls worn about the neck for 
ornament. Sbakefpeare. 

3. Any globular bodies. Boyle. 
EEADTree, [Azedarach.] The nut is, 

by religious perfons, bored through, and 

flrung as beads ; whence it takes its name. 


BE'ADLE. /. [by"i>el, Saxon ; a mefTenger.] 
J. A meflenger or fervitor belonging to a 
court. Coivel, 

2. A petty officer in parifties. Prior. 

BE'ADROLL. /. [from bead and re//.] A 
catalogue of thofe who are to be men- 
tioned at prayers. Bacon, 

BE'ADSMAN. /. [from bean and man.] A 
man employed in praying for another. 


BEAGLE. /. [bigle, Fr.] A fmall hound 
with which hares are hunted. Dryden. 

BEAK. /. [bcc, Fr.] 

1. The bill or horny mouth of a bird. 


2. A piece of brafs like a beak, fixed ac 
the head of the ancient gallies. Dryden, 

3. Any thing ending in a point like a beak. 

BEAKED, a. [hombeak.] Having a beak. 


BE'AKER. /. [horn beak.] A cup with a 

fpout in the form of a bird's beak. Pope, 

BEAL. /. {bolh, Ital.] A v/helk or pimple. 

To BEAL. nj. n. [from the noun.] To 

ripen ; to gather matter. 
BEAM. /. [beam, Saxon ; a tree.] 

I. The main piece of timber that fupporH 

the ho life, Dryden. 

2. Any 

B E A 

1. Any large and long piece of timber. 

3. That part of a balance, at the ends of 
which the fcales are fufpended. Wilklns. 
4< The horn of a (lag. Denham, 

5. The pole of a chariot. Dryden. 

6. A cylindrical piece of wood belonging 
to the loom, on which the wtb is gradually 
rolled as it is wove. ' Cbronidis, 

7. The ray of light emitted from fome 
luminous body. Pofe. 

To BEAM. -u. n. [ftom the noun.] T« 
emit rays or beams. P<ife. 

BEAM Ttee. Wildfervice. 
BE'AMY. £. [from ^.-jw.] 

1. Radiant; /hiningj emitting beams. 


2. Having horns or antlers. Dryden, 
BEAN./, [fuba, Lat.j The comhrion gar- 
den bean. The horfe bean- 

BEAN Caper, [fabago.] A plant. 

To BEAR. t/. a. pret. / bore, or bare. 

fbeofian, Saxon.] 

I. To carry as a harden. IJaiob. 

3. To convey or carry. Dryden. 
jt To carry as a mark of authority, hbak. 

4. To carry as a mark of diftintlion. 


5. To carry as in ihow. Sbakcjpeare. 

6. To carry as in txuft. jfohn. 

7. To fupport 5 to keep from falling. 


8. To keep afloat. Gencfis. 

9. To fupport with proportionate ftrength. 


10. To carry in the mind, as love, hate. 


11. To endure, as pain, without finking. 

JS, To fufFer ; to undergo. Job. 

73. To permit. Dryden. 

14. To be capable of ; to admit. Hooker. 

B E A 

15. To produce, as fruit. Pof>e. 

16. To bring forth, as a child. Genefis. 

17. To poflefs, as power or honour, AddiJ. 

18. To gain ; to win. Sbakcjpeare. 
Jg. To maintain j to keep up. Locke. 

20. To fupport any thing good or bad. 


21. To exhibit. Dryden. 

22. To be anfwerable ior, Dryden. 

23. To fupply. Dryden, 

24. To be the obje£l of, Shakefpeare. 

25. To behave. Shckcjpcare. 

26. To impel j to urge, j to pufli. Hayiuard. 

27. To prefs. Ben, ychnfan. 

28. To incite ; to animate. Milton. 

29. To bear in hand. To amufe with 
faife pretences ; to deceive. Shakefpeare. 

30. To bear off. To carry away by force. 


31. ft bear out. To fupport 5 to main- 
tain. South. 

To BEAR. -v. n. 

1. To fufter pain, Pf*f. 

2. To be patient. Dryden^ 

3. To be fruitful or prolifick. Bacon. 

4. To take efteft ; to fucceed. Guardian. 

5. To tend,^ to be direded to any point. 

6. To a£l as an impellent. Wilkins. 

7. To a<Sl upon. Hayward^ 

8. To be fituated \iith refpefl: to «thei 

9- To bear up. To ftand firm without 
falling. Brorme. 

lo. To bear ivitb. To cuiure an un- 
pleafing thing. Mikon, 

BEAR./, fbcjia, Saxon.] 

I. A rough favage animal, Shakefpeare^ 
2- The name of two conftellatioiis, called 
the ^rw/^r and /f^r btar -^ in the tail qf 
the le/J'er bear, is the poie ftar. Crsecb, 

BEAR-BIND. /. A fpecies of bindweed. 

BEAR-FLY. / An infeft. Bacon. 

BEAR GARDEN./ [from ,^Mr and ^ar^f;!.] 

1. A place in which bears are kept for 
fport. SpecJator, 

2. Any place of tumult or mifrule. 
BEAR'S BREECH. /. {^canthui,] Jhe 

name of a plant, 
BEAR'S-EAR, or Auricula. The name of 

a plant. 
BEAR'S FOOT, f, A fpecies of hellebote. 
BEAR'S- WORT.' / An herb. 
BEARD. / [beapb, Saxon.] 

1. The hair that grows qn the lips and 
chin. Prior. 

2. Beard is ufed for the face. Mudihrai. 

3. He hat a big beard, he is old. 

Sharp prickles growing upon the e.irs 
corn. UEfirange, 

A barb on an arrow. 
The- beard of a horfe, is that part 
which bears the curb of the bridle. 

Farrier'' i DiB. 
To BEARD, -v. a. [from beard.\ 

I. To take or pluck by the bfiard. Sinik. 
Z. To oppofe to the face. Swi/i, 

BE'ARDED. a. [from beard.] 

1. Havirjg a beard. Drydcf, 

2. Having fh^irp prickles, as corn. Mdton^ 

3. Barbed or jagged. Dryden. 
BE'ARDLESS. a. [from btard.] 

1. Withiiut a beard. Camdev, 

2. Youthful. Dryden, 
BEARER. /. [from to bear.'] 

1, A carrier of any tning. Swift, 

a. One employed in carrying burthens. 


3. One who wears any th'ng,. Shakeffi, 
ij.. One who carries the bidy to the grave. 

5. A tree that yields its produce. Boyle. 

6. In archired^ij-e. A poft or brick wall 

J. 2 raifed 



B E A 

B E A 

ra'ifed up between the one's of a piece of 7. To aft upon with violence. "Jonah, 
timber. 8. To enforce by repetition. Houker, 

BE'ARHERD. /. [from bear and herd.'\ A BEAT. /. [from the verb.] that tends bears. SLali'^Jpe 

BE'ARING. /. [from bear.'\ 

I, Thefitecr place of any thir^g with re- 
fpeft to fon-.erhing elfe. P'f. 

a. Geituie ; mien ; behaviour. Shak jp. 
BE'ARVVARD. /. [(vottl 'bear and ivard.] 
A keeper of bears. Shakjpeare. 

BEAST. /. [hcjh, Fr.] 

I. An animal diitinguifhed from birds, in- 
fers, fifties, and min. Hhikcjpeare. 
a. An irrational animal, oppofed to man. 
5, A brutal favage man. 
BE'ASTLINESS. /. [from btajily.] Bru- 
tality. Spenfer. 
BE'ASTLY. a. [from beaji.] 

1. Brutal; contrary to the nature and 
dignity of min. Ben Juhnjon. 

a. Having the nature or form of beafls. 

To BEAT, f . a. preter. bcaJ, part. paff. 
beat, or leaten. [battre, French.] 

To flrike ; to knock. Dryden. 

To punifh with ftripes. , Loche. 

To ftrike an inflrument of fnufick. 

To comminute by blows. Broome, 

To ftnke ground, to rouze t'ame. 


6. To t'oreai corn. Ruth, 

7. To mix things by long and frequent agi- 
tation. Bcye. 

8. Tobatter with engines of war. Judgct. 

9. To ddfh, as water, or brufli as wind. 


10. To tread a path. Blacknure, 

11. To make a path by treading it. 


12. To conquer; tofubdue; to vanquifti. 

Tohatrafs ; to over- labour. Hakeiuell, 
To lay, or prets. Shakefpeare. 

To dei-refs. ^ddifcn. 

T' drive by violence, Dryden, 

17. To move with fluttering agitation. 

j8. Ta heat doiun. To leffen the price 
demanded. Dryden, 

za. To heat up. To attack fuddenly. 
ao. To beat tbe baf. To walk j to go on 
To BEAT, f, n. 

' J, To movein apulfstory manner. Collier, 
a. To dafli, as a flood or florm. Bacon, 

3. To knock at a door. Judges, 

4. To throb ; to be in agitation. ' 


5. To fiuftuate ; to be in motion. 


6. To try difiisrent ways ; tc fearch. Pope, 





2. Manner of ftriking. Greiv, 

BE'ATEN. particif. [from beat.'\ 
BE'ATER. /. [from *Mf.] 

1. An inffrument with which any thing is 
comminuted or mingled. Mojcon, 

2. A perfon much given to blows. 

BEATI'FICAL. 7 fi. [beatificm, low Lat.] 
BEATi'FlCK. 5 Blifsful. It is ufed only 
of heavenly fruition after death. South. 
BEATI'FICALLY. ad. | from beat'fcal.} 
In fuch a manner as to compleat happinefs. 
BEATIFICA'TION. /. Beatification is an 
acknowledgement made by the pope, that 
the perfon beatified is in heaven, and there- 
fore may be reverenced as bleffed. 
To BEA'TIFY. -v. a. [beatifico, Lat.] To 
blefs with the completion of ceieftial en- 
joyment. - Hammond. 
BE'ATING. /. [from beat.l Cotreaion 
by blows. Ben. Jobnjon, 
BEA'TITUDE. /. [heatitudo, Lat.] 
I. Blellednefs ; felicity j happinefs. 

a. A declaration of blcflednefs made by 
our Saviour to particular virtues. 
BEAU./, [beau, Fr.] Amanofdrefs. 

BE'AVER. /. [bievre, Fr.] 

1. An animal, otherwife named the cafior, 
amphibious, and remarkable for his art in 
building his habitation. Hakeivcll. 

2. A hat of the beft kind. AddiJ'',n, 

3. The part of a helmet that covers the 
tace. [ba-vire, Fr.] Bacon. 

BE'AVERED. a. [from bea-ver.'^ Coveted 

with a beavtr. Pape, 

BEAU'ISH. a. [from beau-l Befitting a 

beau ; foppifh. 

BEAU'TEOUS. a. [from beauty.'^ Fair ; 

elegant in form. Prior, 

BEAU'TEOUSLY. ad. [from heauteout.^ 

In a beauteous manner. Taylor. 

BEAU'TEOUSNESS. /. [from beauteous.'] 

The ftate of being beauteous. Donne, 

BEAUTIFUL. Fair. Rale'igh. 

BEAU'TIIULLY. ad, [from beautiful.] In 

a beautiful manner. Prior. 

BEAU'TIFULNESS. /. [from beautiful.] 

The quality of being beautiful. 
To BEAUTIFY, f. a, [from beauty.] To 
adorn ; to embellifh. Biackmore. 

To BEA'UTIFY. 'v. n. To grow beauriful. 

BEAU'TY. /. {beaute', Fr.] 

1 . That aliemblage of graces, which pleafes 
the eye. " Ray. 

a. A particular grace, Dryden, 

3- A 


5. A beautiful perfon. Paradife Lo/i. 

To BEAU'Ty. -v. a. [from the noun.] To 

adorn ; to beautify. Shakcjpeare. 

BEAUTY-SPOT./. [Uom beauty and fpot.] 

A fpot placed to heighten fome beauty. 

BECAFI'CO. /. [becojigo. Span.] A bird 

like a nightingale ; a fig-pecker. Po[>e. 
ToBECA'LM. -v. a. [iu,mcalm] 

I. To Ibll the elements. Dryden. 

z. To keep a Ihipfrom motion. Locke, 

3. To quiet the mind. Pb:Jtpi. 

BECA'iVlE.The preterite of i^«w^ 
BECA'USE. corjuvEi. [frmn by and caufc.'] 

For this reafon thut j on this account that. 


To BECHA'NCE. -v. r. [from be and chana-l 

To befal ; to happen to. bhak^fpeare. 

BE'CHICKS. /. [Snx^-^ct.'] Medicines pro- 
per for relieving coughs. 
To BECK. nj. a. [beacan. Sax.] To make 

a (\in with the head. Shakefpeare, 

BECK. /. [from the verb.] 

1. A fign with the head} a nod. Milion. 

2. A nod of command. Pope. 
To BE'CKON. 1: n. To make a Ggn.AddiJon. 
To BECLI'P. -v. a. [of be dyppan, Sax.] To 

To BECOME. 11. a. pret. I became ^ camp, 
pret. I hwue btcome. 

1. To enter into fome ftate or condition. 

Ceil. li. 7. 

2. Ti become of . To be the fate of; to 
be the end of. RuLigb. 

To BECOME, -v. a. [from be or by, and 
cpemen, Sax.] 

I. To appear in amanner fuitable to fome- 

thing. Dryden. 

Z, To be fuitable to the perfon ; to befit. 

Shttk.fpca'-e, Sci/Hrgfcet. 

BECO'MING. parti. J. [from b.come.] 
That which pleafes by an elegant proprie- 
ty ; graceful. Suckling. 

BECO'MING. /. [from became.] Behavi- 
our. Shah'Jpcare, 

BECO'MINGLY. ad. After a becoming 

BECO'MINGNESS, /. [from becomh:^.'] 
Elegant congruity ; propriety. Grtiv, 

BED. /. [beb, Sax.] 

I. Something made to fleep on. Bacon. 
a. Lodging. S!.'i'k fpeare, 

3. Marriage. Ciurendon. 

4. Banic of earth taifed i.T a garden. 


e. The channel of a river, or any hollow. 


6. The place where any thing i« genera- 
ted, uiddijon. 

7. A layer ; a ftratum. Burnet, 
g. To bring to BED. To deliver of a child. 
9. To make the BhD. To put the bed in 
order after it has been ufed. 


Tp BED. V. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To go to bed with. Sbahfpnre. 

2. To be placed in bed. Bacon. 

3. To be made partaker of the bed. Bacon. 

4. To fow, or plant in earth. Mortimer. 

5. To lay in a place of reft. Donne. 

6. To lay in order ; in ftrata. Shakfpeare. 
To BED. -v. n. To cohabit. Hi/eman. 
To BCDA'BBLE. v. ^. [from dabble.] To 

wet; to befprinkle. Shakfpeare. 

To BEDA'GGLE. -v. 0. [from daggh.\ 

To be mile. 
To BEDA'SH. -v. a. [from dafli.] Tobe- 

fpatter. Shahlpeare. 

To BED'AWB. -v. a. [from datvb.] To 

befmear. Shakefp;arc. 

To BEDA'ZZLE. To make the fight dim 

by too much luftre. SbaL'fpeare. 

BEDCHA'MBER. The chamber appropri- 
ated to reft. Clarendon. 
BEDCLO'ATHS. /. Coverlets fpread over 

a bed. Shakefpeare. 

BE'DDER. 7 /. [from bed. The ne- 
BL'DETTER. 5 ther-flone of an oil-mill. 
BE'DDING. /. [iiombed.] The materials 

of a bed . Dryden. 

To BEDE'CK. -r. a. [from deck.] To' 

deck J to adiirn. Norris. 

BE'DEHOUSE. /. [frombe'&e. Sax. a pray- 
er, ztv^houfe.] An hofpitalor almflioufe. 
To BEDE'W. "v. a. [ftomdeiu.] To moif- 

ten gently, as with the fall of dew. Shaktf(>. 
BE'CFiiLLOW. /. [from bed and flloiv.] 

One that lies in the fame bed, Sbakefp. 

Tu BE'DIGHT. -v. a. [from dight.] To 

adorn i to drefs. Gay. 

To BEDI'M. -v. a. [from dim.] To ob- 

fcure j to cloud ; tj darken, shakefpeare. 
To BEDI'ZEN. -v. a. [from diaen.] To 

drefs out. 
BE'DLAM. /. [corrupted frorft Bethlehem, 
the name of a religious houfe in London, 
converted afterwards into an hofpital for 
the mud.] 

1. A madhoufe. 

2. A madman. Shakefpeare. 
BE'DLAM. a. Belonging to a madhoufe. 

BEDLAMITE. /. [from bedlam.] A mad 

man. Lewis. 

BE'DMAKER. /• [fr»m bed and mak-.] A 

peribn in the univerfities, whofe office it 

is to make the beds. SpMator. 

BE'DMATE. /. [tcom bed and mate.] A 

bedfellow. Shak'Ipeeire. 

BE'DMOULDING. 7 f. [irom bed 

BEDDING MOULDING. ^ "and»"u/.y.]A 

particular moulding. Builder^ DiB. 

BEDPOST. /. [from bed and pifl.] The 

port at the corner of the bed, which fup- 

ports the canopy. PFifman. 

BE'DPRESSER. /. A heavy lazy fellow, 


To BEDRA'GGLE. r. a. To foil the 

deaths. Swift. 

To BEDRE'NCH. v. a. be itiid'-ench.] To 

drench ; to foak. Siiokrffcare. 

BE'DRJD. tf. [from bed and f /iff.] Confined 

to the bed by age or ficknefs. Sh^kejp.are. 
BE'DRITE. /. The privilege of the marri- 
age bed. Shakejpcare. 
To BEDRO'P. V. a. [from be and drof.'\ 

To befprinkJe j to mark with drops. 

BEDSTEAD./, \itam bed ani ftead.^ The 

frame en which the bed is placed. Siv'ft. 
BE'DSTRAV/. /. The ftraw laid under a 

bed to make it foft. Bacon. 

BEDSWE'RVER. /. One that is falle to 

the bed. Sbji.fpeare. 

BE'DTIME. /. [from bed and time.] The 

bourofrelK Milton. 

ToBEDU'NG. v. a. To cover with dung. 
ToBEDU'ST. -v. a. [from be and duj}.] 

To fprinkle with duft. 
BE'DWARD. ad. [from bed and ivai-J.] 

Toward bed. Shakcfpcare. 

To BEDWA'RF. v. a. To make 'little j 

to ftunt. Donne, 

BED WORK. /. [frcm bed and ivork.] 

Work performed without toil of the hands. 
BEE. /. [beo, Saxon.] 

1. The animal that makes honey. 


2. An indufirious and careful perfon. 
BEE-EATER. /, [from bee and eat.] A 

bird that feeds upon bees. 
BEE-FLOWER. /. [from bee and fiozuer.] 

A fpecies of tool-ftones. Millar, 

BEE GARDEN. /. A place to fet hives of 

bees in. Mortimer. 

BEE-HIVE. /• The *afe, or box, in which 

bees are kept. 
BEE-MASTER. /. One that keeps bees. 
BEECH. /. [bece, or boc, Saxon.] A tree. 


BE'ECHEN. a. [bucene. Sax.] Confifting 

of the wood of the beech. Dryden, 
BEEF. /. [httuf, French.] 

1. The flaih of black cattle prepared for 
food, Stolft. 

2. An ox, bull, or cow, it has the plural 
beeves. Raleigh. 

B£EF. a. Confifting of the f\(.rn of black 

cattle. Swift. 

BEEF-EATER. /. A yeoman of the guard. 
BEEN, [been, Saxon.] Tht farticifle fr;- 

ierite of To Be. 
BEER./. [/>;>, Welch j Liquor made cf 

malt and hops. Baccn. 

BEET. /. [beta, Lat ] The name of a 

BE'ETLE. / [hyr^I, Saxon.] 

I, An inieft diftin^iiihed by hiving bard 


tafea or /heaths, under which he folds his 

wings. Shakejpeare. 

2. A heavy mallet. Stillingfleet. 

To BE'ETLE. -v. n. To jut out. Shakejp. 
BEETLEBRO'WED. ^. Having prominent 

BEETLEHE'ADED. Loggerheaded ; hav- 

ing a ftupid head. Sbakefbeare. 

BE'ETLESTOCK. / The handle of a 

beetle. Shakefteare. 


BE'ET RADISH. 5 ^"'• 
BEEVES./. [The plural of beef.] Black 

cattle ; cxen. Milton, Pope. 

To BEFA'LL. -v. n. It befell, it hatb befallen.] 

1. To happen to. Addifon, 

I. To come to pafs. Milton. 

I. To befall of . To become of. Sbakefp. 
To BEFIT. -V. a. To fuit j to be fui table 

to. Milton, 

ToBEFO'OL. v.a. [from be zn6 fool.] To 

infatuate ; to fool. South. 

BEFO'RE. prep, [bipoji, Sax.] 

1. Farther onward in place. Dryden, 

2. In the front of ; not behind. Par, Loft. 

3. In the prefenceof. Dryden. 

4. In fight of. Sbakefpeare, 

5. Under the cognizance of. Ayliffe. 

6. In the power of. Dryden, 

7. By the impulfe of fomething behind. 


8. Preceding in time. DrydtJi. 

9. In preference to. Hooker, 
10- Prior to. 

II. Superior to. 
BEFORE, ad. 

1. Sooner than ; earlier in time. Par. Loft, 

2. In time paft. Dryden. 
3 In fome time lately part. Hale. 

4. Pievioufly to, S'wift. 

5. To this time ; hitherto. Dryden. 

6. Already. Dryden. 

7. Farther onward in place. Shakejpeare. 

1. In a Hate of anticipation, or preoccu- 
pation, jfddifon, 

2. Previoufly j by way of preparation. 


3. In a ftate of accumulation, or fo as that 
more has been received than expended. 


4. At firfi j before any thing is done. 

U Eft range, 
BEFO'RETIME. ad. Formerly, i Sam. 
To BEFO'RTUNE. -v, n. To betide, 


To BEFO'UL. -K. a. To make'foul ; to foil„ 

To BEFRIEND, -v. a. To favour j to be 

kind to. Pope, 

To BEFRl'NGE. v. a. To decorate, as 

with fringes. Pope, 

To BEG. V. n, [beggeretif Gsxm,] To live 

upon alms. ' Luke. 



To BEG. -v. a. 

1. To nfk ; to feek by petition. Matth. 

2. To take any thing for granted. Burnet. 
To BEGE'T. v.a. I iegot, or hegat ; I 

have begotten, [bejttan, Saxon. J 

I. To generate J to procreate. Ifaiab. 

Z. To produce, as effefts. Sb.ikejpeare. 

3. To produce, as accidents. Denbam. 
BEGETTER. /. [from %.f.] He that 

procreates, or begets. Ltcke, 

BE'GGAR. /. [Uombeg.-\ 

1. One who lives upon alms. Broome. 

2. A petitioner. Dryden. 

3. One who aflames what he does not 
pr ve. Tilktfon. 

To BE'GGAR. 1/. a. [from the noun. J 

1. To reduce to beggary j to impoverifli. 


2. To deprive, Shakejpeare. 

3. To exhauft. Shakejpeare. 
BE'GGARLINESS./. [fiom beggarly. \ The 

ftate of being beggarly. 

BE'GGARLY. a. [from beggar.} Mean ; 
poor j indigent. South. 

BE'GGARLY. ad. \itom beggar .'^ Mean- 
ly ; defpicably. Hooker. 

BE'GGARY. J. [from beggar,'] Indigence. 


To BEGIN, -v. n. I began, or begun ; I have 
begun, [bejinnan. Sax.] 

1. To enter upon fomeihing new. Cowley. 

2. To commence any a£lion or ftate. 

Exekiel, Prior. 

3. To enter upon exiftence. 

4. To have its original. Pope, 

5. To take rife. Dryden. 

6. To come into aft. Dryden. 
To BEGIN, -v. a. 

1. To do the firft aft of any thing. Pope. 

2. To trace from any thing as the firft 
ground. Locke. 

3. To begin luith. To enter 

Go-vernment of the Tongue. 
BEGI'NNER. /. [from begis-.] 

1. He that gives the firft caufe, or original, 
to any thing. Hooker. 

2. An unexperienced attempter. Hooker. 
BEGI'NNING. /. [from begin.] 

1. The firft original or caufe. Sivifc. 

2. The entrance into aft, or being. 


3. The ftate in which any thing firft is. 


4. The rudiments, or firft grounds. Locke, 

5. The firft part of any thing. Pspe. 
To BEGl'RD. -v. a. I begirt, or begirded\ 

I have begirt, 

1. To bind with a girdle. Mihan. 

2. To furround ; to encircle. Prior. 

3. To ftiut in with a fiege j to beleaguer. 


BE'GLERBEG: f. [TatkiOi.] The chief 

goverRour of i. province among the Turks. 

B E H 

To BEGNA'W. -v, a, [from be and gnaw,^ 
Tc. b:te ; to eat away. Shakefteure. 

BEGONE, interjea. Go away; hence j 

t>D^/^''^ ^ddijon. 

BEGOT. 7 The parti. paj:ve of the 

BEGO'TTEy.5 verbi^ff 

To BEGRE'ASE. -v. a. To foil or dawb 
with lat matter. 

To BEGRI'ME. t.. a. To foil with dirt 
deep imprefled. Shakejpeare. 

To BEGUILE, -v. a. [from he and guile.] 

1. To impofc upon j to delude. 

Milton, South. 

2. To deceive j to evade. Sbairfpcare, 

3. To deceive pleafingly ; to amufe. 

BEG U'N. The particle paffive of begin. 
BEHA'LF. /. [From ^.-i)Of/, profit.] 

1. Favour ; caufe. Clarendon, 

2. Vindication j fupport. Addifon, 
To BEHA VE. v. a. To carry ; to conduft. 

2 Tbejfalonians, Atterbury. 
To BEHAVE, v, «. To aft j to conduft 

one's felf. 
BEHA'VIOUR. / [from behave.] 

1. Manner of behaving one's feif, whether 
good or bad. Sidney. 

2. External appearance. iSam.xxi. 

3. Gefture ; manner of aftion. Hooker. 

4. Elegance oi miners j gracefulnefs. 


5. Conduft J general praftice } courfe of 
life. Locke, 

6. To ie upon ore's behaviiiur, A familiar 
phrafe, noting fuch a ftate as requires great 
caution. UEftrange. 

To BEHE'AD. t-. a, [from be and head.l 
To kill by cuttit)g^ff the head. Clarendon. 

BEHELD, partiap. paffi-ve, from beheld. 

BE'HEMOTH ./. The hippopotamus, or ri- 
ver- horfe. Jeb. 

BE'HEN. 7 X, , . 

BFV C *^^'-'''*" '■°°'* 

BEHE'ST. /. [haj-, Saxon] Command; 

precept. Fairfax. 

To EEHI'GHT. -v. a. pret. behot, part, be- 

hight. [from hatan.] 

1. To promife. Spenfcr, 

2. To cntruft j to commit. Sper.Jer, 
BEHl'ND. prep, [hi^an, Saxon.] 

1. At the back of another. KnoUef. 

2. On the back part. Mark* 

3. Towards the back. Judget. 

4. Following another. 2 Sjm. 

5. Remaining after the departure of fome- 
thiriR elfe. Skakefpeart. 
6 Remaining after the death of thofe to 
whom it belonged. Pops. 

7. At a diftance from fomething going be- 
fore. Dryden. 

8. Inferiour to another, Hoohr, 
g. On the other fide of fomething. Dryden, 

BEiilND. «(/. Out of fight. Locke, 



BEHI'NDHAND. ad. [from behind ahJ 

1. In a ftate in which rents or profits are 
anticipated. Locke . 

2. Not upon equal terms, with regaid to 
forwardnefs. SpiSiitor, 

To BEHO'LD. -v. a. pret. / heheld, I ha-ve 
beheld, or hibolden, [beheaiban, Saxon.] 
To view ; to fee. Diyden. 

BEHO'LD. tnterjia. See j lo. 

Genefis, Millon. 

BEHO'LDEN. farti. a. [geboud.n, Dutch.] 
Bound in gratitude. Shakejpeare. 

BEHO'LDER./. Ihom behold.] Spectator. 

BEHO'LDING. a. Beholden. 

BEHO'LDING. /. Obligation. Cartiu. 

BEHO'LDINGNESS. j. \ixom behoMwg, 
miftaken for beho dsn,] The ftate of being 
obliged. Donne. 

BEHO'OF. /. [from4.-i;oorf,] Profit ; ad- 
vantage. Locke. 

ToBEHO'OVE. v. k. [behcpap, Saxon. J 
To be fit ; to be meet. Hock:r. 

BEHO'OVEFUL. ^. [iiom behoof .] Ufeful ; 
profitable. Clarendon. 

BEIHO'OVEFULLY. :,d. [Uovn bchoo'veful.} 
Profitably ; ufefuily. Spenfer. 

To BEHO'WL. -v. a. To howl at. Sbakeff. 

BE'ING. /. [from be.] 

1. Exiftsnce ; oppoled to nonentity, 


2. A particular ftate or condition. Pope. 

3. The perfon exifting. Drydcn. 
BE'ING. conjutiEi. [from be.] Since. 

BE IT SO. A phrafe, juppofe it to befo. 


To BELABOUR, v. a. [from be and la- 
bour.] To be»t j to thump. Swift. 

BE'LAMIE. /. [belamie. Ft.] A friend; 
an intimate. Spenfer. 

BE'LAMOUR. /. [bel amour, Fr.] A Gal- 
lant ; confort. Sper.fer. 

BELA TED. a. [from be and late.] Be- 
nighted. Milton. 

To BELAY, "v. a, 

1. To block up ; to ftop the paffage, 


2. To place in ambufh. Spcnjer. 
To BELCH. 'V. n. [beaican, Saxon.] 

1. To ejeft the wind from the ftomach. 


2. To iffue out by eruftation. Dryden, 
To BELCH. 1!. a. To throw out from 

the ftomach. Pope. 

BELCH./, [from the verb.] 

1. The aft of erud^ation, 

2. A cant term for malt liquor. Dennis, 
BELD.VM. /. 

1. An oio woman. Milton, 

2. A hag. Dryden, 
To BELE'AGUE'l.-y. a. \bekgg(ren,DviU] 

To belkge 5 to block up a plat(. Dryden. 


BELE'AGURER. /. [hom beleaguer.] One 

that befieges a place. 
BELEMNI'TES. f. [from Bi\^, a dart,] 

Arrowhead, or finger-ftone. 
BELFLO'WER. /. A plant. 
BELFO'UNDER. /. [from W/ and found.] 

He whofe trade it is to found or caft bells. 


BE'LFRY. /. [Beffroy, in French, is a 

tower.] The place where the bells are 

rung. Gay. 

BELGA'RD. /. [bcUe egard, Fr.] A foft 

glance. Spenfer. 

To BELI'E. -v. a. [from be and lie.] 

1. To counterfeit 5 to feign j to mimick. 


2. To give the lie to j to charge with falfe- 
hood. Dryden. 

3. To calumniate. Shakejpeare . 

4. To give a fali'e reprefentation of any 
thing. Dryden. 

BELI'EF. /. [from belit-e.] 

1. Credit given to fomething which we 
know not of ourfelves. Wotton, 

2. The theological virtue oi faith, or firm 
confidence of the truths of religion. 


3. Religion ; the body of tenets held. 


4. Perfuafion ; opinion, Temple, 

5. The thing believed. Baror,. 

6. Creed j a form containing the articles 
of faith. 

BELI'E VE ABLE. a. [from believe.] Cre- 

ToBELI'EVE. -v. a. [jelypan, Saxon.] 

I. To credit upon the authority of another. 

Watt I. 

S. To put confidence in the veracity of 

any one. Exodus, 

To BELIEVE. t>. n, 

1. To have a firm perfuafion of any thing. 


2. To exercife the theological virtue of 
fajth. Sbakefpeare, 

BELI'EVER. /. [from believe.] 

1. He that believes, or gives credit. 


2. A profaflbrof chriftianity. Hooker. 
BELI'EVINGLY. ad. [from to believe.] 

After a believing nunner. 
BELI'KE. ad. [from like, as by likelihood.] 

1. Probably ; likely j perhaps. Raleigh, 

2. Sametimes in a fenfe of irony. Hooker. 
BELI'VE. ad. [bilive, Sax.] Speedily ; 

quickly. Spenfer, 

BELL. /. [bel, Sixon.] 

1. A veiFel, or hollow body of caft metal, 
formed to make a noife by the iCt of fome 
inftrument itriking againft it. Holder. 

2. It is ufed for any thing in the form of 
a bell, as the cups of flowers. Sbakefpeare. 

3. A fmall hollow globe of metal pctforat- 


B E L 

C'i, and containing in it a folic! ball ; which, 
when it is fliaken by bounding againfl: the 

^ lide?, gives a f. und. Shcikefpfare, 

4. To kcar tbeb'll. To be the firft. 

To BELL. I/. «. [from the noun.] To grow- 
in the form of a bell. Mortimer, 

BELL-FASHIONED, a. [from bell and 
fajhion,'^ Having the form of a bell. 


BELLE./, l^beau, btUe,Yr.~\ A young lady. 


BELLES LETTRES.- f. [Fr.] Polite li- 
terature. T.itler. 

BE'LUBON'E. [helk Sf boy^ne, Fr.] A wo- 
man excelling both in beauty and good- 
rtefs. Spenfer. 

BELLI'GEROUS. a. [i.-/%r, Lat. ] Wag- 
ing war. 

To BE'LLOW. f. r. [bellan, Saxon.] 

1. To make a noife as a bull. D yden, 

2. To make any violent outcry. Sbak fpeare, 

3. To vociferate ; to clamour. TatUr. 

4. To roar as the fea, or the wind. 

BE'LLOWS. /. [bi'13, Sax.] The inftru- 

ment ufed to blow the fire. Sidney, 

B'ELLUINE. ^. lbel!uinui,Lit.] Beaftly ; 

brutal. Aitsrbury. 

BE'LLY. /. \halg, Dutch.] 

1. That part of the human body which 
reaches from the breaft to the thigh", con- 
taining the bowels.' Shakcjpeare. 

2. The womb. Cotigreve. 

3. That part of a man which requires Ibod. 

' Hayivard. 

^ . That part of any thing that fweils out 
into a larger capacity. Bdcon, 

5. Any place in which fomething is in- 
cJofed. Jonah. 

To BE'LLY. f. n. To hang out j to bulge out. 


BE'LLYACHE. /. [from beUy and ache,'\ 
The cholick: 
■ BE'LLYEOUND. a. Coftive. 

BE'LLY-FRETTING, /. [With farriers.] 
The chafing of a horle's belly wjth the 

BELLYFUL. /. [from hel'y and /■///.] As 
much food as fills the belly. 

BE'LLYGOD. /, [from belly and god.'\ A 
glutton. Hakiiveil. 

BE'LLY- ROLL. /. [Trom belly and rs.//.] 
A roll fo called, as it feems, from enter- 
ing into the hollows. Mortimer. 

BE'LLY-TIMBER. /, Food, Prior. 

BE'LMAN. j. [from bdl and man.'] He 
whofe bufinel's it is to proclaim any thing 
in towns, and to gain attention by linging 
his bell. Sioift. 

BE'LMETAL. /. [from ^f// and mefa/.] The 
metal of which bells are made; being a 
mixture of five parts copper with one of 
pewter, New ion. 


To BELO'CK. -v. a. To faften. Shckeipe7rc 
To BELO'NG. -v,. n. ^belangen, Dutch.] 

1, To be the property of. Ruth. 

2, To be the province or bufinefs of, 

Shcik^jpeare, Boy!', 

3, To adhere, or beappcndent to, Lulc. 

4. To have relation to. 1 Sam. 

5. To be the quality or attribute of, 


6. T> be referred to. 1 Cor 
BELO'VED. Loved ; dear. Mihc. 
BELO'vV. prep, [from be and /aw.] 

1. Under in pi ce ; not fo high. Sh,-kefp, 

2. Inferiour in dignity. Addifon. 

3, Inferiour in excellence, Feiton. 

4, Unworthy of J 'unbefitting. Dry den. 
BELO'W. ad. 

1. In the lower place. D-yden, 

2. On earth j in oppofition to hea-ven. 


3. In hell ; in the regions of the dead. 

To BELO'WT. V. a. [from be and /sw.'.J 

To treat with opprobrious language. 

BELSWA'GGER./. A whorcmafter.ZJrj'^^r. 
BELT. /, [belt. Sax.] A girdle j acindurc. 

BELWE'THER. /. [from ^?// and -wether. \ 

A (lieep which leads the flock with a bell 

on his nfck. Hoicct, 

To BEMA'D. -v. a. To make mad. Shakrjp. 
To BEMIRE. v. a. [from beznA mire.] To 

drag, or incumber in the mire, Sivijr, 
To BEMOAN, "v. a. [from to'moan.] To^ 

Isment ; to bewail. yJddiUn. 

BEMO'ANER, /. [from the verb.] A la- 

To BEMO'IL. -v. a. [be and moil, from 

moulder, Ff.] To bedrabble ; to bemire. 

, Shakefpeare, 

To BEMO'NSTER. -v. a. To make' mon- 

ftrous. Sbjkefpeare, 

BEMU'SED, a. Overcome with muling. 

BENCH. /. [bene. Sax.] 

I . A feat. Dryden, 

z- A feat of juilice, Shakefpeare, 

3, The perfcns fitting on a bench. Dryden. 
To BENCH, -v. a. [from the noun,] 

1. To furniih with benches. Dryden. 

2. To feat upon a bench, Shakefpe.ire. 
BE'NCHER. / [from bench.] Thofe gen- 
tlemen of the inns of court are called bench - 
en, who have been readers. Blount, 

To BEND "v. a. pret. bended, or bent, [ben- 
'OJn, Saxon.] 

1. To make crooked ; to crook. Dryden. 

2. To dire£t to a certain point. Fairfax. 

3. To apply. Ho'.ker, 

4. To put any thing wi order for \.\ie. 


5. To incline. Pope. 

lA b To 


6. Tf) fiibdue ; to make fiibmi/live. 

7. To bend the brow. To knic the brow. 

To BFND. i>. n. 

1. To be incurvated. 

2. To lean or jut over. Shakefp'are. 

3. To refolve ; to deternnine. jiiidifon. 

4. To be fubmiffive ; to bow. Ifaiah. 
BEND. /. [/rum to bcrJ.] 

1. Flexure j incurvation. Shak-fpejre. 

2. The crooked timbers which make the 
ribs or (ide? of a fliip. 

BE'NDABLE a [from bend.] That may 

be incurvated. 
BE'NDLR. /. [from to bevd.] 

1. Tlie ()t;rf( n who bends. 

2. The inftiument with which any thing 
is bene. ff'tlkins. 

EE'NDWITH, /. An herb. 

BE NEAPED, a. [fr<^m nerp.] A /hip is 
faid to be beneapcd, when the water does 
not flow hi^h enough to bring her ofF the 

EENE'ATH. p-ep. [benef{7, Ssxon.] 

1. Under 5 lower in place. Prio--. 

2. Under. Drydcrt. 
3 Lower in rank, excellence, or dignity. 
4. Unworthy of, Atterbury, 


1. I.i a lower place ; under. Amos. 

2. Below, as oppofed to hea-vcn. Exodus. 
BENEDICT, a. [l:cncdiaus,Lzt.'\ 

Hi'ld and falubrious qu.iliiies. Bacon. 

BENLDl'CTION. /. [/;.n.<3;<S.<J, Lat.] . 

1. BlciVing J a decretoiy pr. enunciation of 
happinels. Milton, 

2. The advantage conferred by blelfing. 


3. Acknowledgments for bleffings received. 


4. The form of inflituting an abbot, 

BENEF4'CTI0N. /. [from bcnefacio, Lat.] 

I. The a£t of conferring a benefit. 

2 The benefit conferred. Atterbury. 

BENEFA'CTOR. /. [from bencfacio, Lat. J 

He that confers a benefit. Milton. 

BENEFA'CTRESS. /. [from benefaSior.] 

A woman who confers a benefit. 
BE'NEFICE. f, [ffom/)e«-/of«;«, Lat.] Ad- 

vantage conferred en another, Thi-; word 

is generally taken for all eccleflaflical 

livings. Drydcn. 

BE'NEKICED. a. [ham berefa.] PoffeH'ed 

of a beni-fice. -^yl'ff^' 

BENETICENCE. /. [Uom beneficent.] Ac 

t:ve goodnefs. Dryden. 

BENE'FICENT. /. [from henefcus.] Kind ; 

doing good. Hale. 

BENF.FI'CIAL. a. [Uom beneficium, Lat.] 

1. Advantaceous j conferring benefits 5 

profit-ible. Tillotjon. 

a. Helpful 3 medicinal, ^rhutbnot. 


BENEFI'CIALLY. ad. [from benefidal.l 
Advantageotiflv ; helpfully. 

BENEFI'CLALNESS. /. [from ben.ificial.] 
Ufefulnefs; profjt. Hak. 

BENEFI'CIARY. a. [from benefice.] Hold- 
ing fomething in fubordination to another. 


BENEFI'CIARY. /. He that is in poffeffion 
of a benefice. Ayhffe, 

BE'NEFrr. /. Ibenefic'tum, Lat.] 

1, Akindnefsj a favour conferred. 


2, Advantage 5 profit 5 ufe. tVifdof, 

3, [In law] Benefit of clergy is, that a 
man b-ing fuund guilty of fuch felony as 
this bciufit is granted for, is burnt in the 
hard, and fei tree, if the ordinary's com- 
miHioner Handing by, do fay, hegit ut 
cL"-iLus. Cotve/, 

To BE'NEFIT. -v. a, [from the noun.] To 
do yo' d to. Arbiitbnot, 

To BE'NEFIT. -v. n. To gain advantage. 

BENE'MPT. a. Appointed j marked out. 

ToBENE'T, -v. a. [from net.] To enfnare. 
BENEVOLENCE. /. [bene-fokntia, Lat.] 

1. Difpofiticn to do good ; kindnefs. Pope. 

2. The good done j the charity given. 

3. A kind of t<x. Bacon. 
BENE'VOLENT. a. [benei^olens, Latin.] 

Js.ind ; h-iving good will. Pope. 

BENE VOLENTNESS. /. The fame with 

BENGA L. /. A fort of thin flight fluff, 
BE'NJAMIN. /. [Benxoin.] The name of 

a tree. 
To BENI'GHT. -v. a. [from night.] 

1. To furprife with the coming on of 
night, Sidney. 

2. To involve in darknefs 5 to embarrafs 
by \f?T\t of light, Boyle, 

BENIGN, a. [benigrus, Lat.] 

1. Kind J generous J liberal. Milton, 

2. Whokf me ; not malignant Arbwhnot, 
BE'NIGN Difedfe, is when all the ufual 

fymptoms aopear favourably. Sumcy, 

BENI'GNESS'. /. [from benign.] The fame 

with benignity. 
BENl'GNI 1 Y. /. [from knign.] 

1. Gracioufnefs ; a£tual kindnefs. Hooker, 

2. Salubrity ; wholefome quality. fVtjeman, 
BENIGNLY, ad. [from benign.] Favour- 
ably ; kindly. Waller, 

BE'NIaON /. Ibenir, to blefs.] BlefFing ; 

beneditfion. Milton. 

BE'NNET. /. An herb, 
BENT. /. [from the verb to bend.] 

I. The ftate of being bent. Walton, 

2 Degree of flexure. 

3. Declivity. Dryden. 

4. Utmoft power. ShaL-fpeare, 

5. Appiicatioa 

B E S 

5. Application of the mind. Locke, 

6. Inclination j difpofitiiin towards fome- 
thing. Milton. 

7. Determination ; fixed purpofe. Hooker, 

8. Turn of tlie temper, or difpofition. 


9. Tendency ; flexion. Locke, 

10. A ftalk of grafs, tailed bcnt-grafi. 


BE'NTING 7'rW. {hom bent.'] The time 

when pigeons feed on bents before peas are 

ripe. Dryden. 

To BENU'M. f. a. [benumen, Saxon.] 

1. To make torpid. Fairfax. 

2. To llupify. Dryden. 
BENZO IN. /. A medicinal kind of refin 

imported from the Eaft Indies, and vul- 
garly called benjamin. Boyle. 

To BEPA'INT. v. a. [from /-aw.] To co- 
ver with paint. Shakefp. 

To BEPI'NCH. -v. a, [from f'] To 
mark with pinches. Chap'jian. 

To BEFI'SS. V. a. [from pifs.] To wet 
wih urine. Derham. 

To BEQUE'ATH. 'v. a. [cpip, Saxon, a 
will.] To leave by will to another, Sidney, 

BEQUEST. 7: Something left by will. 


ToBERA'TTLE. nj, a. \ixom rattle.'] To 
rattle off. Sbakelpeare. 

BE'RBERRY. /. [berberis.] A berry of a 
fharp tafte, tiled for pickles. Ba on. 

To BERE'AVE. -v. n. preter. / bercaued, 
or bereft, [befieopim, Saxon.] 

1. To drip of ; to deprive of. Bentl-.y, 

2. To take away .'"rom. Shakejpiare, 
BERE'f T. frt, fsff. of berea-ve. 
BE'RGAMOT. /. [bsrgair.otte, Fr.] 

J. A fort of pear, commonly called bur- 

2, A fort of efTence, or perfume, drawn 
from a frcit produced by ingrafting a le- 
mon tree on a bergamot pear Hock. 

3. A fort of fnuff. 

To BERHYME, -v. a. [from rhyme.] To 

celebrate in rhyme, or vcrfes. Pcpc. 

BERLI'N. /. A coach of a particular form. 

To BERO'B. T. a. [from rob.] To rob ; 

to plunder. Spenjcr. 

BE'RRY. /. [bejii5, Saxon.] Any imall 

fruit, with many leeds. Shakefpeare, 

To BE'RRY. -v. n. [from the noun.] To 

bear berries. 
BE RTRAM. /. Ballard pellitory. 
BE'RYL. /. [bcryilus, Lat.] A kind of 

precious ftone. Milton, 

To BESCRE'EN. w. a. [Uom fcreen.] To 

(helter ; to conceal. Sbakelpeure. 

To BESEECH, -v, a. pret. I bejought, I 

have bejougbt. [from pican, Saxon.] 

Ii To entreat 3 to fujjj licate j to implore. 

B E S 

i. To bpg ; to afl:. Sprat. 

To BESE'tM. -v. 7,. [beziemen, Daitb.] 
To become ; to be fit. Hoiker, 

BESE'liN. /i«r/. Adapted ; adjufted. Spevjer, 
To BESE'r. -v. a. pret. I bejel ; I have he- 
Jet, [bff-itran, .'^axon.J 

1. To beliege ; to hem in. A-^dfon, 

2. T'l embarrals ; to perplex. Roil'c, 

3. To waylay ; to furtound. Locke, 

4. To f.;!l upon ; to harrafs. Spenjer. 
To BESHRE'W. -v. a. [befchryen, Germ. 

to enchant] 

I. To wiiTi a cuife to. Dryden, 

z. To happen ill to. Skakeffeare, 

BESIDE. 7 re i J /-J 1 

BESI'DES. 5 ^"f- ^'°^ ^""^ -^ '-^ 

1. At the fide of another J near. Fairfax, 

2. Over and above. Hale. 

3. Not according to, though not contrary. 


4. Out of ; in a flate of deviation from. 

BESI'DE. 7 , 
BESIDES. 5 '^ ' 

1. Over and above. "Tillotfi:. 

2. Not in this number; beyond this clafs. 


BESI'DERY. /. A fpecies of pear. 

To BESl'EGE. I'.a. [ixomfiege.] Tobe- 
leaguer ; to lay fiege to ; to befet with 
armed forces. Shake 'p'are. 

BESI'EGER. /. [from befiege.] One em- 
ployed in a fiege. Siuft. 

To BESLU'BBER. v. a. [from Jlubber.] 
To dawb ; to fmear. Shak^fp-are, 

To EESME'AR. v. a. [from fmear.] 

1. To bedawb. Denham, 

2. To foil j to foul. Shakefpeare. 
To BESMI'RCH. v. a. To foil j to dif- 

colour. SLakrjpeere. 

To BESMO'KE. -v. a. 

1. To foul with fmoke. 

2. To harden or dry in fmoke. • 

To BESMU T. -v. a. [ from jmut. ] Ta 

blacken with fmoke or foot. 
BE'SOM. /. [bfj-m, Saxon.] An inftru- 

ment to fweep with. Baccn. 

To BESO'RT. -v. a. [from /a/-;.] To fuit ; 

to fit. Shakefpeare. 

BESO'RT./. [from the verb.] Company; 

attendance ; train. Shakefpeare. 

To BESOT, -v. a. [from fot.] 

1. To infatuate ; to ftupify. Milton. 

2. To make todoat. Dyden. 
BESO'UGHT. ifart. paffi-ve of i:,eecb; 

which fee.] Altlton. 

To BESPA'NGLE. -v. a. [from fpargle.] 
To adorn with fpanglts 3 to bcfpnnkle 
with fomething fiiining. Fcpe. 

To BESPATTER, -v. a. [from fpatur.} 
To fpot or fpnnkle with dirt or water. 

M a "T» 

B E S 

To BESPA'WL. -v. a. [from Jpjivl.l To 

dawb with fpittle. 
ToBESFE'AK. v. a. Ibeffoke, or icfpake ; 

I have befpoke, or befp'jken. 

1. To order, or entreat any thing before- 
hand. Siv.'ft. 
Z, To make way by a previous apology. 


3. To forcboie. Siu:ft. 

4. To fpeak to ; to addrefs. Drydcn. 

5. To bet( ken j to /hew. Addifon. 
BESPEAKER, /. [from be/peak.} He that 

befpeaks any thing, T4'ottc,n. 

ToBESPE'CKLE. i/.a. [from//>«W«.] To 

mark with fpeckles or fpots. 
To BESi'E'VV. -v. a. [from fpezi\'\ To 

dawb with fpew or vomit. 
ToBESPlCE. -v. a. [from^/'W.] To fea- 

fon with fpices, SLakefpeitre. 

To BESPI'T. -v. a. [from fpit.} To" dawb 

with fpiitle. 
To BESPOT. -v. a. [homfpot.] Tomaik 

with fpots. A'lortmtr. 

ToBESPRE'AD. "v. a. [horn fpnad.] To 

fpread over. Derhcim. 

To BESPRl'NKLE. -v. a. [hom fpn,,kU.'\ 

To fprinkle over. Bioivn. 

To BESPU'TTER.. -v. a. [from fpuuer.] 

To fputter over fomething ; to dawb any 

thing by fputtering. 
BEST. a. ihefuperlaiive of good, [betft, 


a. Moft good. Ho'.kir. 

2. The btji. The utmoft power ; the 
Urongeft endeavour. Baccn, 

3. To viake the befi. To carry to its 
greateft perfeftion 5 to improve to the ut- 
moft. Bacon. 

BEST. nd. [from wc//.] In the higheft 
degree of gocdncfs. Deuteronomy. 

To BESTA'IN. 'v. a. [from /.!.'«.] To 
mark with ftains ; to fpot. Shakefpeare. 

To BESTEAD, v. a. [from fead.'\ 

1. To profit. Milto'i. 

2. To treat 5 to accommodate. Ifaiah. 
BE'STIAL. a. [from b^afi.l 

1. Belonging to a beaft. Drydcn. 

2. Brutal ; carnal. Sbdk-fpfarc. 
BESTIA'LITY. /. [f rem i^-yJA?/. ] The qua- 

lity of beafts, Arbuihr.ot. 

BE'STIALLY. ad. [from heHial.^ Brutally. 
ToBESTl'CK. 'V. a. preter. I befiuck, I 

hii\e hcjluck. [fromy?/Vjl'.J Toftick.over 

with any thing. Mi 1 ton. 

To BESTi'R. -v. a. [from /lir.] To put 

into vigorous aclion. Ray. 

To BESTOW, -v. a. [bejicden, Dutch.] 

1. To give 5 to confer upon. Clarendon, 

2. To give as charity. Hooker. 

3. To give in marriage. Shi-k fpeare. 

4. To give as a prefent. Dryden. 
e^. To apply. iiivift, 
6. To lay out upon. Dcuteronmy, 


7. To Liy up ; to flow ; to place, Ki>!?s, 
BESTO'WER. /. [from bcjkiu.] Giver ; 

difpofer. Stillivs-flcst. 

BESTRA'UGHT. /arr/V;/>. Diftrafted'; mad. 


To BESTRE'W. -v. a. farticip. pa[f. be- 

jheiucd, or bcfiro'zun. To fprinkle over. 
To BESTRI'DE. -v. a. I bejirid ; I have 

btflnd, or bejiridden. 

I. To ftride over any thing ; to have; any 

thing between one's legs. TValier. 

1. To ftep over. Shakefpeare. 

ToBESTUD. -v. a. [from/W.] To adorn 

with ftuds. Milton. 

BET. /. [from beran, to encreafe.] A 

wager. Prior. 

To BET. "v. a. [from the noun.] To wa- 
ger ; to ftake at a wager. Ben. Juhnjon. 
To BETA'KE. -v. a. preter. I betook j part. 

pair, betak'.n. 

1. To take ; to feize. Spmfer, 

2. To have recourfe to. Hooker. 

3. To move ; to remove. Milton, 
To BETE'EM. -v. a. [from ttem.'] To bring 

forih ; to beflow. Shakefpeare, 

To BETHI'NK. -v. a. I bethought, [from 

think. '\ To rccal to refleftion. Palelgh, 
To BETMRA'L. -v. a. [horr\ thrall.] To 

enflave ; to conquer. Shahfpeare, 

To BETHU'MP. -v. a. [from thump.] To 

beat, Shitki'j'pca'-e, 

To BETI'DE. -v. n. pret. It betidtd, or be- 

i:d ; parr. palL bi-tid. [from ri"t>, Saxon.] 

1. To happen to ; to befal. Milton, 

2. To come to pafs 5 to fall out j to 
happen. Skak fptare. 

3. To become. Shakifpiare, 

BETI'ME. 7 , rr 7 J ,1 

BETIMES. 5 '"^- U''"^'y ^ndtme.] 
I. Seafonably j early. Milion. 

z. Soon J before long time has palTed. 

3 Earlv in the day. Shjkfj^eare, 

BE'TLE. 7 /. An Indian plant, called wa- 

BE'TRE. 3 ter pepper. 

To BETOKEN, v. a. [from token.] 

1. To iignify 3 to mark j to repreientt 


2. To forefhew ; to prefignify. ILomjon, 
BETONV. /'. [betonicn, Lat.] A pl-snt. 
BETO'OK. '[ir>(g. pret:: from betake.] 

To BbTO'SS. 1: a. [from tofs.] To dif- 
turb 5 to agitate, Shakefp/are. 

Tj BETRA'y. -v. a. [trahir, Fr.] 

J. To give into the hands of enemies* - 

2. To difcover ,that which has been eri- 
trufled to fecrecy. 

3. To make liable to' fomething incon- 
venient. King Charles, 

4. To fhow I to difsover. Addifon, 


B E W 

EETRA'YER. /. [from baray.} He tliat 

betrays ; a traitor. • Hcoker. 

To BETRl'M. -v. a. \hamirim ] Todeck; 

to drefs : to grace. .Shjk'ff>cure, 

To BETRO'TH. i>. a, [from troih.] 

I. To contraft to any one ; to affiance. 


7.. To nominate to a biflioprick. yiyliffi'. 
ToBETRUST. -v. a. [ixomtruj},'\ loen- 

truftj to put into the power of another. 

BETTER, a. the coirp.xrati-ve of good, 
[betejra, Saxon. J Having good qualities 
in a greater degree tkan fomething clfe. 



1. The fuperiority ; the advantage. Prior, 

2. liT.prjvement. Dry den. 
BE'TTER. cd. Well, in a greater degree. 

To BE'TTER. v. a, [from the noun.] 

1. To improve ; to meliorate. Hooker. 

2. To furpafs ; to exceed. Shakefpeare. 
3- To advance. Baron, 

BE'TTER./. Superiouringnodnefs. Ilocker. 
BE'TTOR. /. [from to bet.} One that bys 

bats or wagers. yiddijon. 

BE'TTV. f. An inflrument to brwk open 

door?. Arbuthnot. 

BETWE'EN. prep, [betp^-onan, Saxon.] 

1. In the intermsdiate fpace. Pop;, 

2. From one to another. Bacon. 

3. Belonging to two in partnerfhip. Locke. 

4. Bearing relation to two. S'lttb. 

5. In feparation of one from the other. 


EETWa'XT. prtp. [betpyx, Saxon.] Be- 

BEVEL. 7 /. In mafrnry and joinery, a 

BE'VIL. y kindoffqjare, one leg of which 
is frequently crooked. Siuift, 

To BE'VEL. *. <ar, [from the noun.] To 
cut to a bevel anglr. Afoxon, 

BEVERAGE. /. [from bs-oere, to drink, 
Italian.] Drink j liqucr to be drank. 


BE'Vy. /. [be-va, Italian.] 

1. A flocic of birds. 

2. A company j an afTembty. Pope. 
To BEWA'IL. -y. <2. [hom-Jtv.-//.] To be- 
moan ; to lament. Dunham. 

To BtWA'RE. -v. n. [from be and wjr^.] 
To rrgsrd with caution'j to be fulpicious 
of danger from. Pope, 

To BEWE'EP, -v. a. [from lueep.] To 
weep over or upon. ^hakefpeare. 

To BEVVE'T. f. a. To wet j to moiften. 

ToBEWI'LDER. -zj, a. [from w/A^.'j To 
Icfe in pathlefs places ; to puzzle. Blackmore, 

To BEWITCH. 1/. a. 

1. To injure by witchcraft, Drydiv. 

a, To charm 5 to plesfe. Huiiny, 


B i C 

BE WITCHERY. /. [from biuitcb] Faf- 
cin.Ttion ; charm. South. 

BEWITCHMENT./, [from be-wlich.-] Faf- 
cination. Shakf-peare, 

ToBEWRA'Y. iJ.a, [bepji-^an, Saxon.] ' 

1. To betray ; to difcOver perfidioudy. 


2. To fliew J to make vifible. Hidneyt 
BEWRA'YER /. lUom beivray.-] Be- 

traypr ; difcoverer. /dddijon, 

BEYO'ND. pr p. [bc^-rn-B, Saxon.] 

1. Before ; at a diftance not reached. Pope, 

2. On the farther fide of. Deuteronomy, 

3. Farther onward than, Hubert, 

4. Paft 5 out of the reach of. Baitlcy, 

5. Above J exceeding to a greater degree 
than. Locke, 

6. Above in excellence. Dryden. 

7. Remote from ; not within the fphere 
of. Dryden. 

8. To go beyond, is to deceive. Thejjakn, 
BE'ZEL. 7 /t That part of a ring in which 
BE'ZIL. 5 the ftone is fixed. 
BE'ZO.AR. /, A medicinal ftone, formerly 

in high efteem as an antidote, brought from 
the Esft Indies. 

BEZOA'RDICK. a. {ixoxnbex.oar,'] Com- 
pounded With bir^.'.ar, Fbyer. 

BIA'NGULATED. 7 a. [from bir:ustnA an 

BIA'NGULOUS. 5 gulus, Ut.] Having 
two corners or angles. 

BI'AS. / [biais, Fr.] * 

I. The weight lodged on one fide of a 
bowl, which turns it from theftrait line. 

1, Any thing which turns a man to a par- 
ticular courfe. Dryden. 
3. Prupenfjonj inclination. Dryden. 

To Blf'AS. -v. a. [from the noun,] To lif- 
eline to fome fide. Watts, 

BI'AS. ad. Wrong, Shakefpeare. 

BIB. /. A fn<5ll piece of linen put upon 

the breafts of children, over their cloaths. 


To BIB. -v. n, [biio, Lat.] To tipple j ta 
fip. .Camden. 

BIBA'CIOUS. a. [bibax, Lat.] Much ad- 
difted to drinking. /)/<.?, 

BIBBER. / [from to bib.] A tippler. 

BI BLE. /. [from B'i^Ktcv, a book ; called, 
by way of excellence. The Book.} The 
facred volume in v.'hich are contained the 
revelations of God. Tillotfon, Wails. 

BIBLIO'GRAPHER. / [from' giS^ij and 
y^::i>-ji.} .A tranfcriber. 

BIBLIOTHE'CAL. a. [from bibliothcca, 
Lat.] Belonging to a library. 

BIBULOUS. -a. [bibuius, Lat.] That which 
has the quality of drinking moifturo. 


BICA'PSULAR a. [bicapfuhris, Lat.]' A 
plant whole ked-pouch is divided into two 


B I F 

BiCE-. /. A colour ufcd in painting. 

BICI'PITAL. 7 r, .^■,. r„,T 

BICI'PITOU>. 5 "• l"'"P'"'' ^-^f-J 

1. Having two heads. Broion. 

2. It is applied to one of the mufcles of 
the arm. Brown, 

To Bl'CKER. -v. V. U'hre, Wel/h.] 

J. 'roikjrmifh ; tofight ofFand on Sidney. 
S. To quiver J to play backward and fur- 
ward. Milton. 

Bl'CKERER. /. [from the verb.] A /kir- 

BICKERN. f. [apparently corrupted from 
beakir<,iu'\ An iron ending in a point. 


BICO'RNE. 7 a. [bicorms, Lat.] Having 

BICO'RNOUS. S two horns. Broivn. 

BICO'RPORAL. a. {bicopor, Lat.] Having 
two bodies. 

To BID, -v. a. pret. I bid, bad, bads, I have 
iid. or bidden, [bi's'oin, Sa.xon.] 

1. To defire ; to aik. Shakeff>eare. 

2. To command ; to order. Wattt. 

3. To offer ; to propofe. Decay of Piety. 


4. To proclaim ; to offer 

5, To pronounce ; to declare. Bacon, 
. 6. To denounce. Wuller. 

7. To pray. John, 

Bl'DALE. /. [from bid and ale.~\ An in- 
vitation of friends to drink. Did. 

EI'DDEN. f^art. paj]'. [from to bid.] 

1. Invited. Bacon. 

7.. Commanded. Pope, 

BIDDER. /. [from to bid,] One wlio of- 
fers or propofes a price. Addijon. 

BIDDING, /. [from bid.} Command; 
order, Milton. 

To BIDE. 1/. (I. [bi^an, Saxon.] To en- 
duie ; to fuft'er. Dry den. 

To BIDE. -v. n. 

1. To dwell ; to live ; to inhabit. Milton. 
a. To remain in a phce. Si.iakeff.eare. 

BIDE'NTAL. a. [b:d,ns, Lat.] Having 
two teeth. Stuift. 

BI'DING. /. [fromi;(/?.] R.efidence ; ha- 
bitation. E'jive. 

BIE'NNIAL, a. {biennis, Latin.] Of the 
continuance of two years. Roy. 

BIER. /. [from to bear.] A carriage on 
which the dead are carried to the grave. 


BI'ESTINGS. /. [byr^ns, Saxon.] The 
tirfl milk given by a cow after calving. 


BIFA'RIOUS. a. [bifarim. Lit.] Two- 

Bl FERGUS. <2. [befcrcns, L^t'in.] Bearing 
fruit twice a year. 

BIFID. ? a. [bifdus, Lit.] Open- 

BIFI DATED. S '"g with a cleft. 

BIFO'LD. a. [from bit:i(s, Lat. and fold.] 
Twofold j double, iSbak'/^carc. 

B I L 

BIFO'RMED. a. [biformis, Lat.] Com- 
pounded of two forms. 

BIFU'RCATED. a.[binui^nAf,rca.] Shnot- 
ing out into two heads. M'^oodioarJ, 

BIFURCA'TION. /. {binumnifurca.] Di- 
vifion into two. 

BIG. a, 

1. Great in bulk ; large. Tbomfon. 

2. Teeming ; pregnant. IVallcr. 

3. Full of fomething, Addtlon. 

4. Diftended j fwoln. Shakefpcare. 
c. Great in air and mien ; proud. /Ijcham, 
6. Great in (pirit ; brave. Shakefpeare. 

BIGAMIST. /. [I^igamius, lovv Lat.J One 

that has committed bigamy. 
BI'GAMY. /. [bigamia, low Latin.] The 

crime of having two wives at once. 


BIGBE'LLIED. a. [from big and Af//y.] 
Pregnant. Shakefpcare^ 

BI'GGIN. /. \_beguin, Fr.] A child':^ cap. 

BI'GLY. ad. [from big.] Tumidly ; haugh- 
tily. Dryden, 

BI'GNESS. /. [from big.] 

1. Greatnefs of quantity. Hay, 

2, Size ; whether greater or fmaller. 

Bl'GOT. /. A man devoted to a certain 

party. . fVatts, 

BIGOTED, a. [from %«] Blindly pre- 

poirelfed in favour of fomething. Garth, 
BI'GOTRY. /. [from bigot.] 

1. Blind zeal ; prejudice. TVatts, 

2. The pra(ft:ce of a bigot. Pope, 
BI'GSWOLN. a. [from big and ftvoln. ] 

Turgid. yiddifon. 

BI'LANDER. /. [belandre, Fr.] A fmall 
veflei ufed for the carriage of goods. Dryd. 

BI LBERRY. /. [ti 13, Sax. a bladder, and 
berry.] Whortleberry. 

BI'LEO. /. [from bitboa.] A rapier ; a 
fwoid. Sbakcfpeare, 

Bi'LBOES. f. A fort of flocks. Sbakefp. 

BILE. /. \_mlis, Latin.] A thick, yellow, 
bitter liqui r, feparated in the liver, col- 
lc(fled in the gall bladder, and difcharged 
by the common duft. i^incy. 

BILE, f, [ bile, Saxon. ] A fore angry 
fwelliiig. Shakefpcare. 

To BILGE, t: v. [from tke noun,] To 
(pring a leak. 

Bl'i^IARY, a. [from hiUs, Lat.] Belong- 
ing to the bile. ylrbuthnot. 

BI'LINGSGATE. /. Ribaldry j foul Jan- 
guige. Pope. 

BILI'NGUOUS. a, [bilinguis, Lat.] Hav- 
ing two tongues, 

BI LIOUS. a. [from bilis, Lat,] Cnnnil- 
ing of bile. Garth. 

To BILK, -v. a. [bdalcav, Gothick.] To 
chiiU J to defraud, Dryden, 


B I N 

BILL. /. [bile, Sax.] The beak of a fowl. 

• Carc'W. 

BILL. /. [bille, Saxon. J A kind of hatchet 
with a hooked point. Temflc. 

BILL. /. [/„ll:i, French.] 

1, A written paper of any kind, Sbuktfp. 

2. An account of m ney. Bacon, 

3. A law prefented to the parliatnent. 


4, An aft of parh'ament. Attahury. 
e,. A phyfician's prefc'iption. Dryden, 
6 An advertifement. Drydrn. 

To BILL. 'V. n. To carefs, as doves by 
joining bilb. Ben. Johnjon. 

To BILL. 'V. a. To publifh by an advertife- 
ment. U Efirange, 

El'LLET. /. \bUkt, French.] 

I. A fmall paper j a note. Clarindon. 

7.. Bdlet doux, or a foft bUht ; a love 
letter. P(.p-, 

3. A fmall lag of wood for the cIiininL-y. 

To BI'LLET. "v. a. [from the noun. J 

1. 'I'o direft a fuidicr by a ticket where 
he is to lodge. Sh.ikefpeare. 

2. To quarter foldiers, Ckreudon, 
El'LLIARDS. f. ivithout a fmgular. \bil- 

lard, Fi-.] A kind cf play. Bnyh. 

BILLOW. /. \bilge, German.] A wave 

fwoli). D-^r.'oam. 

To BI LLOW. V, n, [from the noun.] To 

fweli, or roil. * Prior, 

Bl'LLOWY. a. Swelling ; turgid. Thomfon, 
BIN. /. [binne, Saxon.] A place where 

bread or wine is repofited. Siuifi. 

BI'NARY. a. \ixom binus, Latin.] Twoj 

To BIND, -v, a, prct. / hound ; particip. 

pair, bound, or bounden. [ti '©an. Sax.] 

J. To confine with bonds j to enchain. 


8, To gird ; to enwrap. Pro-verbs, 

3. To faften to any thing, Jojirua, 

4. To faften together. Mattheia. 

5. To cover a wound with dreflings. 


6. To compel ; to conftrain. Hale. 

7. To oblige by ftipulation. Pofe. 

8. To confine j to hinder, Shakefpeare. 
g. To make coftive. Bacon. 

10. To reflrain. Fe ten, 

11. To bind to. To oblige to ferve fome 
one. Dryden. 

12. To hind over. To oblige to make ap- 
pearance. Addifon, 

To BIND. 1/. «. 

1, To contradl ; to grow ftifF. Mortimer. 

2. To be obligatory. Locke, 
BIND. f. A fpecies of hops. Mortimer. 
B1'ND.:R. /, [from to bind.] 

1. A man whofe trade it is to bind books. 
31. A man that binds (heaves, Ckapman, 

B I R 

3. A fillet ; a flired cut to bind with. 

^ lyijemar.^ 

BI'NDING. /. [hom bind.] A bandage. 


BI'NDWEED. /. [con'vol'vulus, Lat.] The 
name of a plant. 

BI'NOCLE. /. A telefcope fitted fo with 
two tubes, as that a diftdnt objed may be 
feen with both eyes. 

BINO'CULAR. a. [from blnus and nculut, 
Lat ] Having two eyes. Derham. 

BIO'GRAPHER. /. [/3;®<}.a;.j A 
writer of lives. Addifon. 

BIO'GRAPHY. /. [|?;^and^^.] Writ- 
ing the lives of men is called biography. 

BI'OVAC. J /. [Fr. from wsv nvacb, a 

BI'HOVAC. > double guard, Germ.] A 

BI VOUAC. J guard at night performed 
bv the whole army. Harris, 

Bl'PAROUS. a. [from hinus and pario.\ 
Bi^'.gipg forth two at a birth. 

BIPARTITE, a. [hinusttv\6 piirtior.] Hav- 
ing two C'^rrefpo-'ident parts. 

BIPARTI'TION, /. [from hipntuc] The 
act o( dividing into two. 

BIPED. /. [hipes, Lat.] An animal with 
two feet. Broivr. 

BIPEDAL, a. [b!p'da:i.', Lat] Two feet 
in length. 

BIPE'.NNATED. a. [from biniis and f^enna.] 
Having two wings. Derham. 

BIPE'TALOUS. a. [of hit and welaXcv.j 
Confining of two fiower leaves. 

BI'QUADRATE. 7 /. The fourth power 

BK^ADRA'TICK. 5 srifmg from the mul- 
tiplication of a fquare by itfi^lf. Harm. 

BSKCHTree. f. [hpc, Saxon.] A tree. 

BI'RCHEN. a. [ birch. ] Made of 
birch. His beaver'd brow a birchen gar- 
land bears. Pope, 

BIRD. /. [birit), orbjn's, Saxon.] A gel 
n( ral term fur the feathered kiiid j a fowl. 


To BIRD. v. 71. To catch bird?, Shahfp, 

BI'RDBOLT. /. A fmall /hot or arrow. 


Bl'RDCATCHER, /. Oie that makes it 
his employment to take birds. L^EJirange, 

BI'RDER. /. [from bird.] A birdcatcher. 

Bl'RDINGPIECE. J. A gun to fhoot birdt 
with. S/j.ikefpeare. 

BI'RDLIME. /. [from bird and lime.] A 
glutinous fubftance fpread upun twigs, by 
which the birds that light upon them are 
entangled. Dryden., 

BI'RDMAN. /. A birdcatcher., 

BI'RDSEYE. /. The name of a plant. 

BI'RDSFOOT. /. A plant. 

BI'RDSNEST. /". An herb. 

Bl'RDSTONGUE, /. An herb, 


B I T 

BI'RGANDER. /. A fowl of the goofe 

BIRT. /. A fifh ; the turbot. 
BIRTH. /. [beopp, Saxcn.] 

1. The aft of coming into Jife. Dr\det!, 

2. Extraftion ; lineage. Dcn/.-am, 
' 3. Rank which is inherited by.dei'cent. 


4. The con4ition in which any man is 

born, Drydcn, 

«;. Thing boin< Ben. Johnfon. 

6. The a£l of bringing forth. Mtlton. 

Bi'RTHDAY. /. [irombinban^djy.'] The 

d.iy im which any one is born. 
BI'RTHDOM. f. Privilege of birfh. Shak. 
BIRi'KNIGHt. /. [hom birth AnAfiigbt.'] 

The night in which any one is born. Milt, 
BI RTHFLACE. /. Place where any one 

is born. Sivift, 

EI'HTHRIGHT. /. [from birth and right.'] 

The rights and privileges to which a man 

is born j the right of the firft born. 

EIRTHSTRA'NGLED. a. Strangled in 

being born. Shakejpeare, 

Bl'RTHWORT, /. The name of a plant. 
Bi'^'COllN. J. Aconfeaion. 
Bi'SCUIT. /. [his and cuit.} 

1. A kind ot hard dry bread, made to be 
carried to fea. Kr.oUes. 

2. A compofition of fine flour, almonds, 
and fugiir. 

To BISECT, -v. a. [binus and fro.] To 
divide into two parts. 

BISE'CTiON. /. (from the verb.] A geo- 
metrical term, lignifying the diviCon of 
any quantity into two equal parts. 

Bl'SHOP. /■. [lifcop, Saxon.] One of the 
hesd Older of the clergy. iScuth, 

Bl'SKOP. /, A cant word for a mixture of 
v.ine, oranges, and fugar. Sivift. 

To Bl'SHOP. -v. a. To confirm j to ad- 
mit folemnly into the church. Donne, 

BI'SHOPRICK /. [bjj-copjnce, Sax.] The 
diocefe of a billiDp. Bacon. 

El'SHOPSVVEED. /. A plant. 

BISK. /. [bifj-^e, Fr.] Soup 5 broth. Kir.g, 

BI'SMUTH. ). Marcafrte ; a hard, white, 
brittle, miaeral fubftance, of a metalline 
nature, found at Mifnia. 

BI'SSEXTiLE. /. Ibii and fextilis,] Leap 
year Broivn. 

BI'SSON. a. Blind. Shakejpeare. 

BPS'IRE. J. [French.] A colour rnade of 
chimney loot boiled, and thei? diluted with 

BI'STORT. /". A plant called fn^ke-weed. 

BLbTOURY. /, [bjiouri, Fr.] A furgeon's 
inflniment ufed in making incilions. 

BISULCOUS. a. [bifulcui, Lat.] Cloven- 
footed.. Broivn, 

BIT. /. [bjcol. Sax.] A bridle ; the bit- 
rr.outh. Mdipr, 

B I T 

BI r. /. 

1. As much meat as is put into the moulij 
at once. Arbutinot. 

2. A fmall pi?ce of any thing. Sivifc. 

3. A Spanift Wftft Indian filver coin, va- 
lued at fevenpeiace halfpenny. 

4. A bit the better or ivorfe. In the 
fmalieft degree. Arhuthn-,:. 

To BIT. "v, a. To put the bfidfe upon a 

BITCH. /. [bir^e, Saxon.] 

1. The female of the canine kind, Spenjer. 

2. A name of reproach for a woman. 

^ Arbutbnot. 
To BITE. tj.a. pret. I hit; part. palT. I 
have bit, or bittev. [hir<n. Sax.] 

1. To crulh, or pierce with the teeth. 


2. To give pain by cold. Roioe, 

3. To hurt or pain with reproach. 

Rojcommon . 
4 To cut ; to wound. Sha!;efpesrf: 

5- To make the mouth fmart v/irh an 
acrid tafte. Bacon. 

6. To cheat ; to trick. -fope, 

BITE. /. [from the verb.] 

1. The feizure of any t';!ng by the teeth. 


2. The a£t of a fiih that takes the bait. 


3. A cheat ; a trick. Szuift, 

4. A fharper. 
BITER. /. [from bite.] 

1. He that bites. Cimdcn, 

2. A ii/h apt to take the bait. V/atcon. 

3. A tricker ; a deceiver. SpeiJator, 
BlTTACLE. /. A frame of timbtr in the 

fteerage, where the compafs is placed. Diii. 
BI'TTER. a. [biten, Saxon.] 

1. Having a jiut, acrid, biting taftc, like 
wormwood. Lode. 

2. Sharp ; ciuel ; fevere. Sprdt. 

3. Calamitous ; miferable. Dryden. 

4. Sharp ; reproachful ; fatirical, Shak, 
1;. Unpleafing or hurtful. IFatts, 

BI'TTERGROUND. f. A plant. 
BITTERLY. <2fl'. \}'\'om bitter.} 

1. With a bitter tafte. 

2. In a bitter manner 5 forrowfully ; ca- 
lami toudy. Shakejpeare. 

3. Sharply ; feverely. Sprat, 
BITTERN, /. {butour, Fr.] A bird With 

long legs, which feeds upon fi/h. IFalton, 
BI'lTERN./. \itom bitter.] A very bit- 
ter liquor, which drains off" in making 
BI'TTER NESS. /. [horn bit !e>:] 

1. A bitter tallc. Locke. 

2. Mahce J grudge ; hatred j implacabi- 
]ity. Clarendon, 

3. Sharpnefs ; feverityof temper. Ctarend, 

4. Satire j piquancy 5 keennefs of re- 
proach, ' ■&"««• 

5, Sorrow 5 

B L A 

" 5. Sorrow ; vexation ; afflidion. Jyjte. 

BF ITERS WEET. /. An apple which has 
a compounded tafte. S'utb. 

r>l TTOUR. /. The bittern. Dryd,„. 

BITU'MEN. /. [Latin.] A fat xmdtuoos 
matter dug out of the earth, or fcummed 
off Jakes. JVoodviarJ, 

BI'TUMINOUS. a. Compounded of bitu- 

BIVA'LVE. a, \hinu$ and I'alva.l Having 
two valves or /hutters j ufrd of thofe fiili 
that have two fhellsj as oyflers. Woodiuard, 

BIVA'LVULAR. a. [from iifahe.] Hav- 
ing two valvep, 

BI'XWORT. /. An herb. 

BI'ZANTINE. /. [from iyxantium] A 
great piece of gold valued at fifteen pound, 
which the king oi^ereth upon high fef- 
tival diys. Camden. 

To BLAB -v. a. [bhhheren, Dutch.] To 
tell what ought to be kept fecret. Sw'fr. 

To BLAB. T. n. To tattle ; to tell tales. 

B L A 

a ba kefpsar e . 
BLAB. /. [from the verb] A teltale. 

BLA'BBER. /. [from b!ab.-^ A. tattler j a 

To BLA'BBER. v. n. To whiftle to a horfe. 

BLACK, a. [blac, Saxon.] 

1. Of the colour of night. Proiierbs. 

2. Dark. Kings. 

3. Cloudy of countenance j fuUen. HLji, 

4. Horrible j wicked. Drydtn. 

5. Difmnl ; mournful. Shiiitlf^are. 
BLACK-BRYONV. f. The n^mc of a 


BLACK-CATTLE. Oxen ; bulls ; and cows. 

BLACK GUARD, a. A dirty fellow, .^ly./r. 

BLACK LEAD. /. A mineral found in the 
lead-mines, much ufed for pencils. 

BLACK PUDDING. /. A kind of food 
made of blood and grain. 

BLACK-ROD. /. [from Hack and red.'] The 
u/her belonging to the order of the garter j 
fo called from the h/ack rod he carries in 
his hand. He is ufher of the parliament. 

BLACK. /. [from the adjettive.j 

1. A black colour. Nilvton, 

2. Mourning. Drydtn. 
J. A blackamoor. 

4. That part of the eve which is blick. 

To BLACK, "v. a- [from the noun.] To 

make black { to blacken. Boyle. 

BLA'CKAMOOR. f. A negro. 
BLA'CKBERRIED77f.i(i>. /. A plant. 
BLA'CKBERRY B"jh. f. A fpecies of 

BLA'CKBERRY. /. The fru t. Gay. 

iSLA'GKBIRD. /. The name of a bird. 


To BLA'CKEN. -v. a. [from hlack.^ 

J. To .T.ake of a black cdour. Frior. 

2. To darken. ^auii.. 

3. To defame. Houth, 
To BLA CKEN. %: n. To grow black. 

BLA'CKISH. a. [from black.-] Somewhai- 
black. Boyle. 

BLA'CKMGOR. /. [from 3/af^and M,3r.\ 
A neero. M.lion. 

BLA CKNESS. f. [from Hack.] 

1. Black colour. Lccki, 

2. Djiknefs. ► Sbakefteare. 
BLA'CKSMITH. /. A fmith that works 

in iron j fo called from being very fmutty. 
ELA'CKTAIL. /. [from black and tad.] A 
fi/h ; ru/i or pope. 

BLACKTHORN./. The-floe. 
BLA'DDER. /. [bL'6>&}ie, Saxon.] 

1. That vtiFel m the body which contain* 
the urine. Ray. 

2. A blifter ; a puftu'e. 
BLA'DDER-NUT./. [JiafhyLdendron, Lat.j 

A plant. 
BLA DDER SENA. /. A plant. 
BLADE. /. [bl.f'6, Saxon.] The fpire of 

grafs J the green Ihoots of corn. 

BLADE. /. [blatie, German.] 

1. The fharp or ftriking part of a wea.- 
pon or inllrument. Pete, 

2. A bnfk man, either fierce or gay. 

L' EJirange. 
BLADE of the Shouldtr. 7 /. The fcapula, 
BLADEBONE. i or icapular bone. 

To BLADE. 1/. a. [from the noun.] To 

lit with a. blade. 
BLA'DED. a. [from blade.] Having blac'ei 

or fpirtrs. Sbjkefpeart. 

BLAIN. /. [blejiine, Saxon.] A puftule ; 

a bliflcr. Milton. 

BLATvIABLE. a- [from blami.] Culpable ; 

faulty. Dry den. 

BLA'MABLENESS. /. [from blamable.} 

BLAMABLY. ad. [from hlamohle.] Cul- 

ToBLaME. -r. <i. [Wmer, Fr.] To cen- 
fure ; to charge with a fault. Dryden. 

BLAME. /. 

1. Imputation of a fault. Hay.uard. 

2. Crime. Hickif. 

3. Hurt. Sfenjtr. 
BLAMEFUL, a. [ from i/jwr and /«'.'/.] 

Crinnnal j guilty. Shakefpiart. 

BLA'MELESS. a. [from blame.] Gulltlefs j 
i.Tnocent. Loctt. 

BLA'MELESLY. ad. [iiom hlamehft] ln~ 
nocentlv. ffammofuL 

N B|.A'^;£- 

B L A 

BLA'MELESNESS. /. [from blamelejs.] In- 
nocence. Hammond. 

BLA'MER, /. [from blame.'] A cenfurer. 


BLAMEWO'RTHY. Culpable j bJamea- 
ble. Hooker. 

To BLANCH, v. a. [blanchir, Fr.J 

I. To whiten. Dryden, 

a. To rtrip or peel fuch things as have 
hafts. IVifeman. 

3. To obliterate 5 topafsover. Bacon. 

To BLANCH, -v. n. To evade j to fhift, 


ELA^NCHER. /. [fromblatich.] A white- 

BLAND, a. [blandus, Lat] Soft ; mild } 
gentle. Mil^on. 

ToELA'NDISH, -v. a, hland'or, Lat.] To 
, fmooth 5 to {uUcn. Mihon. 

BLA'NDISHMENT. /. [from hlandijh ; 
blanditiiX, Lat] 

X- Aft of fondnefs ; expreffion of tender- 
nets by gefture. Mth'.n. 
a. .Soft words \ kind fpceches. Bacon. 
3. Kind treatment ; carefs. Sivift. 
BLANK, a. [blanc, Fr.j 

!• White. ' Paradife Lojl. 

2i. Unwritten, Mdifon. 

3. Confufed j cruftedj P'^p^- 

4. Without rhime. Sbakefpeare. 
BLANK. /. [from the adjedive.] 

1. A void fpace. Swift. 
Z. A lot, by which nothing is gained, 


3. A paper unwritten. Paradije Loft, 

4. The point to which an arrow is di- 
refted. Sbakefpeare. 

5. Aim ; /hot. ., Sbakefpeare. 

6. Objedl to which any thing is direfted, 

■ Sbakefpeare, 
To BLANK. V. a. [from blank.] 

3. To damp J to confufe j to difpirit. 


2. To efface; to annul. Stehfer. 
BLA'NKET. /. [blancbecfe, Fr.j 

1. A woolen cover, fi;ft, and loofely 
■woven. Temple. 

;t. A kind of pear. 

To BLA'NKKT. v. a. [from the noun.] 
I. To covtr with a blanket. Sbakefpeare, 
Z. To tofs in a blankc. Pope. 

BLA'NKLY. a. [from blank.] In a blank 
mariner; with whitenefs ; wiih confufion. 

To BLAI?.E. -J. n. [hlarcn, Dutch.] To 
bellow ; to rojr. Skinner. 

To BLASPHE'ME, v. a. Iblafpbemo, low 

X. To fpeak in terms of impious irrever- 
ence of God. 
S. To fpeak evii of, Sbakefpeare. 

To BLASPHE'MEo v, n. To fpeak blaf- 
Pr'ienjy, ' Sbaiefpeare, 

B L A 

BLASPHE'MER. /, [from bhfpbeme.] 4 
wretch that fpeaks of God in impious and 
irreverent terms. iT/w. i. ■^2- 

BLASPHE'MEOUS. a. [from blafpheme.] 
ImpiouHy irreverent with regard to God. 
Sidney, Tilloifon. 

BLA'SPHEMOUSLY. ad. [from blafpbeme.} 
Impioufly ; with wicked irreverence. 


BLA'SPHEMY. /. [from ilafpheme.] Blaf- 
pbemy, is an offering of fome indignity 
unto God himfelf. Hammond, 

BLAST. /. [from blaej-e, Saxon.] 

1. A guft, or puff of wind. Sbakefpeare, 

2. The found made by any inflrument of 
wind mufick. Milton, 

3. The ftroke of a malignant planet. Jgh^ 
To BLAST, "v. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To ftrike with fome fudden plague. 

1. To make to wither. Sbakefpeare, 

3. To injure; to invalidate. Stillin^Jieet. 

4. To confouna j to ftrike with terrour, 

BLA'STMENT. /. [from bbji.] Sudden 

ftroke of infection. Sbakefpeare. 

BLATANT, a. [blaitant, Fr.] Bellowing 

as a calf. Dryder. 

To BLA'TTER. v. n. [from blatero, Lat.] 

To roar. Spenfer, 

BLAY. /. A fmall whitilh river fifli : a 

BLAZE, /. [blape, a torch, Saxon.] 

J. A flame ; the light of the flame. Dryd, 

2. Publication. Milton, 

3. A white mark upon a horfe. 

Farrier's DiB, 
To BLAZE. V. K. 

I. To flame. Pope, 

Z. To be confpicuous. 
To BLAZE, -v. a. 

1. To publifh j to make known. Mark. 

2. To blazon, Peacham, 

3. To inflame ; to fire. Sbakefpeare, 
BLA'ZER. /, [from blaxe.] One that 

fpreads reports, Sfenfer, 

To BLAZON. 1/. a. [blafonner, Fr,] 
I. To explain, in proper terms, the figures 
on enfigns armorial. Addifon, 

%. To deck ; to embellifh. Garth, 

3. To dilplay ; to fet to rtiovv, Sbakefpeare. 

4. To celebrate ; to fet out. Sbakefpeare. 
^. To blaze about ; to make publick. 

BLA'ZON. /, [from the verb.] 
■ I. The art of drawing or explaining coats 
of arms. Peacham, 

a. Show \ divulgation j publication. 


3. Celebration. Collier. 

BLA'ZONRY. /. [from ikwr.] The art 

of blazcaing. Siackam, 


B L fe 

To BLEACH. V. 0, [bieecben, Germ.] To 

whiten. Dryden, 

To BLEACH, v. ti. To grow white. 

BLEAK, a. [blac, blsc, Saxon.] 

1. Pale. 

a. Cold J chill. ^.M//"fl». 

BLEAK. /. A fmsll river fifh. Walton. 
BLE'AKNESS. /. {hombUak.] Coltinefs j 

chilnefs. y^ddifon. 

BLE'AKY.'fl. [hom blea\. Bleak ^ cj'ld } 

chilj. Dryden. 

BLEAR, a. [hhet, a blifter, Dutch.] 

1. Dim with rhtum or water. D'ydcn. 

2. Dim J obfcure in general. Milton. 
To BLEAR. 'V. a. [from the adjeftive,] To 

maJce the eyes watry. Dryden. 

BLE'AREDNESS. /. [from bleared.'] The 

ftate of being dimmed with rheum. 

To BLEAT, v.n. [blstan. Sax.] To cry 

as a fheep. Dryden. 

BLEAT. /. [from the verb.] The cry of 

a /Keep or lamb. Chapman. 

BLEB. /. \_blaen, to fwell, Germ.] A 

To BLEED, -v.i:, pret. I bled ; thawe bkd, 

ble'nan, Saxon.] 

]. To lofe blood ; to run with blood. 


a. To die a violent death. Pope. 

3. To drop, as blood. Pof>e, 
To BLEED, -v. a. To let blood. Fo^e, 

To BLEMISH, v. a. [hom blame, junius^] 
1, To mark with any deformity. Sidmj. 
a. To defame j to tarnilh, with refpect 
TO reputation. Dryden. 

ELE'MISH. /. [from the verb.] 

I. A mark of deformity ; a fear, Wifeman, 
2.. Reproach ;• difgrace. Hooker. 

To BLENCH, v. n. To Cirink ; to ftart 
back. Shahfpeore. 

To BLENCH, v. a. To hinder ; to obftrud. 


To BLEND, "v. a. preter. I blended j anci' 
ently, blent. [blen*»an Saxon, j 

1. To mingle together. Biyle, 

2. To confound. Hooker. 
■?. To pollute ; to fpoil. Sfcjer. 

BLE'NT. The obfolete participle of il^r.d. 
To BLESS. V. a. [blej-pian, Saxon.J 

1. To make happy j to profper. Dryden. 

2. To wifli happinefs to another, Dfitt. 

3. To praifej to glorify for benefits re- 
ceived. Daz'ies. 

4. To wave ; to brandi/h. Spenf-r. 
BLE'SSED. particip. a. [from to blefi.] 

Happy J enjoying heavenlv felicity, 
BLE'SSED. Thiflle. A plant. 
BLE'SSEDLY. ad.. Happily. Sidny, 

B L I 

BLE'SSEDNESS. /. [from biffed.^ 

1. Happinefs ; felicity. SiJney, 

2. Sandity. Sbckejpcare, 

3. Heavenly felicity. S-Jutb. 

4. Divine favour, 

BLE'SSER./. [from%i.] He that HelTe,'. 

BLE'SSING. /. [from^/f/i.] 
I. Benedidion. 

2 The means of happicefs. Dtr.bam, 

3. Divine favour. Shahjpeare. 
'BLEST . parti . a. [from iiV/i.] Happy. Pc/f. 
BLEW. Thi preterite itom blotu. Kr.ollcs. 

1. Mildew. Temple, 

2. Any thing nipping, or blading. 

To BLIGHT. 1'. a. [from the noun.] To 

bkirt ; to hinder from fertility. Lo>.ke. 

BLIND, a. [bJinV,, Saxon.] 

i. Without light ; dark. ^'gby. 

2. Intelledtually dark. Dryden. 

3 Unfeen; private. Hoihr. 

4. Dark J obfcure. Muton. 
To BLIND, -v. a. 

I. To make blind. South, 

a. To darken j to obfcure to the eye. 


3. To obfcure to the underftanding. 

BLIND. /. 

I. Something to hinder the fight. 

L' Eft range. 

a. Something to miflead. Decay of Piety. 

To BLI'NDFOLD. -v. a. [from and 

fold.] To hinder from feeing, by blinding 

the eyes. ' Lpke. 

BLI'NDFOLD. a. [from the verb.] Having 

the eyes covered. Spcijir, Dryden, 

BLI'NDLY. ad. [from blind.} 

1. Without fight. 

2. implicitely ; without examination. 


2. Without judgment or direftion. Dryden. 

BLI'NDMAN'S BUFF. /, A play in which 

fome one is to have his eyes covered, and 

hunt out the reft of the company. 

BLINDNESS. /. [from blind.] 

1. Want of fight. Dcnham, 

2. Ignorance J intelleftual darknefs. 

BLI'NDSIDE. /. Weaknefs ; foible. 5w./r, 
BLI'NDWORM. /. A fmall viper, venem- 

ous. Greiu, 

To BLINK, -v. n. [blinc.kef,, Danini] 

t. To wink. liudibmr. 

2. To fee obfcurely. Pcfe. 

BLI'NKARD. /. [from blink.] 

1. That has bad eyes. 

2. Somethmg twinkling. Haieu'eS. 
BLISS, /. [bliffe, Sax. 1 

N 2 jr. Th', 

B L G 

t. The highefi: degree of happinefs ; the 
happinefs of blefled fouls. Hooker, Milton. 
2. Felicity in general. Pope. 

ELrsSFUL. dT, [IMs full.} Happy in the 
highert degree. Spenfer. 

BLI'S^.FULLY. ,7,i.rf,-omMfifr,I.] Happily. 

BLI'SSFULNESS. /. [from bhpfuL] Hap- 

To BLI'SSOM. •:' r. To caterwaal. Dia. 

B'.I'STER. /. [hluyfler, Dutch.] 

1. A puftule formed by raifing the cuticle 
froin the ciiti«, Temjjle. 

2. Any fwelling made by the feparation of 
a film or fkin from the other parts. Bacon. 

To BU'STER. -v. n. [from the noun.] To 

rife in blifters. Dryden, 

To BLl'STER. -J. a. To raife blifters by 

fome hurt. Sbakefpeare. 

BLITHE, a. [bliSe, Saxon.] Gay j airy. 

Hooker^ Pope, 

ELITHLY. ad. [from blithe.] In a blithe 

BLl'THNESS. 7 /. [from blithe.^ 

BLITHSO.MENESS. 5 The quality of be- 

inp blithe. 
BLI'THSOME. a. [from blithe.] Gay; 

cheerful. Philips, 

To BLOAT. -J. a. [probably from blezu.] 

To fwell. ■■ Jddijon, 

To BLO.^T. V. 71. To grow turgid. 

BLO'ATECKESS./, {ixaxabhat.] Turgid. 

nefs ; fwelllng. jirbuthnot. 

BLO'BBER. /■. [from hhb.] A bubble. Careiv. 
BLO'BBERLiP. /, {blohhr, and lip.] A 

thick lip. Dryden. 

BLO'BBERLIPPED. 7 a. Having fwelied or 
BLOBLIPPED. S thick lips. Grtiu. 

BLOCK. /. ybkck, Dutch,] 

1. A heavy piece of timber. 

2. A mafs of matter. .^ddifon. 

3. A maiiy boily. Siaift. 

4. The wood on which hats are fornr>ed. 

K. The wood on which criminals are be- 
headed. Dr\den. 
6. An obftruflion ; a ftop. Decay of Piety. 
"•. A fea term for a pully. 

5. A blockhead. Shake fpeare. 
To BLOCK. i>. a. [bloquer, Fr.j To fliut 

Lp; to indofe. Clarendon. 

BLOCK- HOUSE. /. [from Ido.i in<i bcufe.] 

A fortrels built to obftruft or block up a 

pafs. Raleigh, 

KLOCK-TIN. /. [from block sad tin.] Tin 

pine or unmixed. Boyle. 

BLOCKA'DE. /. [from blo.k ] A fiege 

carried on by (hutting up the pi ce. Taller. 
To BLOCKADE, v, a. [from the no.m,] 

To fli'Jt up. Pope. 

BLO'CKHEAD. /, [from block and head.] 

A ftupid fellow ; a dolt 5 i man 'ivithout 

psrtjt Pope, 

BLO'CKHEADED. a, [from blockhfaJ.'j 
Stupid ; dull. L'Ef range, 

BLO'CKISH. [from block.] Stupid ; dulL ' 

BLOCKISHLY. ad. [iTQmblockf:>,\ In a 
ftupid manner. 

BLO'CKISHNESS, /. Stupidity, 

BLO'MARY. /. The firft forge in the ir»B 
mills. Difi, 

BLO'NKET. /. [for blanket.] Spenfer, 

BLOOD. /. [blQ&, Saxon.] 

1, The red licjuor thatciiculates in the bo- 
dies of animals. Genefis. 

I, Child ; pregeny, Shakefpeare. 

3. Family ; kindred. Waller. 

4. Defcent ; lineage, Dryden, 

5. Birth ; high extraftion, Shakejpeare. 

6. Murder j violent death, Hhakejpeare. 
7- Life. 2 ^atn. 

8. The carnal part of man. Maiiheir, 

9. Temper of mind j ftate of the paflicns, 


10. Hot fpark ; man of fire. Bacon, 

II. The iuice of any thing. Genfjis, 
To BLOOE), -v. a. 

1. To ftain with blood, Baioft, 

2. To enure to blood, as a hound. 


3. To heat ; to exafperate. Bacon. 
BLOOD-BOLTERED. a. [from hlood and 

bolter. '\ Blood fprinkled. Shakefpeare. 

To BLOOD LET. v. a. To bleed 5 to open 

a vein medicinally. 
BLOOD-LETTER./, {horn blood- let.] A 

phlebotomift. Wijeman, 

BLOOD-STONE. /. The blood-ftcne it 

green, fpotted with a bright blood-red. 

BLOOD-THIRSTY, a. Defirous to ihed 

blood. Raleigt. 

BLO'ODFLOVVER. /. {kaniamkui, Lat.J 

A plant. 
BLOODGUI'LTINESS. f. Murder. Spenfer-. 
BLO'ODHOUND. /. A hound that follows 

by the fcent, Southeme.. 

BLO'ODILY. a, [from tkcjy.] Cruelly. 

BLO'ODINESS. /. [from bloody.] The ftate 

of being bloody. Sharp, 

BLO'ODLESS. a. [from hlood,] 

1. Without blood ; dead. Dryden, 

2. Without flaughtcr. Waller. 
BLO'ODSHED. /. [from blood and /W. j 

1. The crime of blood, or murder. South. 

2. Slaughter. * Dryden. 
BLO'ODSHEDDER. /. Murderer. Ecclut. 
BLO'ODSHOT. 7 .j. [from /'«£></ and 
BLOOD iHOTTEN. i y'.«.'.] Filled with 

blood burfting from its proper velTcls. 

BLO'ObSUCKER. /. [from hlood mdjuck.] 
1. A leech j a fiy j any thing that fucks 

2 .A 

B L O 

a. A murderer. IJiy^'ord, 

BLOODY, a. [Unxr.bboJ.] 

1. St?.ined with blood. 

2. Cruel ; murderon?. Fope, 
BLOOM. /. [blum, Germ.] 

1. A bloffom. 

2. The ftate of immaturity. Dryd:n, 
To BLOOM, -v. n. 

X. To bring or yield blolToms. Bacon, 

1. To proiluce, as blolibms. Hooker. 

3. To be in a <late cf youth. Pope. 
BLO'OMY. a. [from blolm.] Full of blooms ; 

flowerv. Pope. 

ELORE.' /. [from hlo-w.] Aft ef blowing ; 

blaft. Chi [.man, 

BLO SSOM. /. [blf j-me, Sax.] The flower 

that grovvs on any plant. Dr\dcn. 

To BLOSSOM, -v. n. To put forth blofllims. 
To BLOT. -J. a. [from blottir, Fr.j 

I. To obliterate } to make wiitiiig invifi- 

ble. Pope. 

1. To efface ; to erafe. Dryden. 

3. To blur. Ajcbam. 

4. To difgrace ; to distigure. Roii-e. 

5. To daikcn. Coieky, 
BLOT. /. [from the verb.] 

1. An obliteration of fomething written. 


2. A blur ; a fpot. 

•^. A fpot in reputation. 
BLOTCH./, [hom b!ot.-\ A fpot or puflulc 

upon the ik;n. liaruey. 

To BLOTE. -v. a. To fmcke, or dry by 

the Irnoke. 
BLOW. /. [bloive, Dutch.] 

1. A itroke. C'arendort. 

2. The fatal ftroke. Dryd.-n. 

3. A fingle adion j a fudden event. 


4. The aft of a fly, by which {he lodges 
egesinflefh. Chapman. 

To BLOW. 1', n, pret. b!m'; particip. pafl". 
bloivn. [blapan> Sax.] 

1. To move with a current of air. Pope. 

2. This word is ufed fometimes imperfon- 
ally with it. Dryden. 

3. To pant ; to puff. Pope. 

4. To breathe. 

c. To found by being blown. Milton. 

6. To play mufically by winJ. Numb. 

7. Tobktuo-ver. To pafs away without 
cfFecl. Gram/ille, 

8. To blow up. To fly into the air by the 
force of gunpowder. latter. 

To BLOW. -c. a. 

1. To drive by the force of the wind. 


2. To inflame with wind. I[aiah, 

3. Tofwell J topuff'into fize. ^bahejpcare. 

4. To found an inftrument of wind mufick. 


5. To warm with the breath, Slakefpijrs, 

B L U 

6. To by report. DrydtK, 

7. To infeifl with the eggs of flies. 


8. To blow cur. To extinguifh by wind. 


9. To blow up. To raife or fwell with 
brenth. Boyie, 

10. To bloiv up. To deftroy with gunpow- 
dfr. H'ood-u'ard, 

11. To bicic upon. To m?tke Hale, yidtiifont 
To BLOW. -v. n. [blopan, Saxon.] To 

bloom ; to bloHbm. iValUr, 

BLO'Wl'OlNr. /. A child's play. Donne. 
BLOWTH. /. [from Wow.] Bloom, or 

binflbm. Rn/eigb, 

BLOWZE. /. A ruddv wench. 
BLO'WZY. a. [from ^/oit'xc] Sun-burnt; 

high coloured. 
BLUBBER. /. [See Blob.] The part of 

a whale thn contains the oil. 
To BLU BBER. i: n. To weep in fuch a 

manner as to fwell the cheeks. Sivift, 

ToBLU'BBER. v. a. Tofwell the ch.ek;* 

with wfeping. Sidr,e\', 

BLU'DGEON. /. A fliort flick, with one 

end loaded. 
BLUE. a. [blaep, Sax. bleu, Fr.] One of 

the feven original colours. Nctu'.or:, 

BLUEBOTTLE. /. [from blue and bottle.] 

1. A flower of the bell fhape. Rayr 

2. A fly with a large blue belly. Prior, 
BLU'ELY. ad. [from blue.] With a blue 

colour. Szvift, 

BLU'ENESS. /. [from blue.] The quality 

of being blue. BoyJt. 

BLUFF, a. Big ; furly ; bhiflering, Dryder^ 
To BLU'NDER. -v. n. [ilunderen, Djich.j 

1. To miliake grofsly ; to err very widely. 


2. To flounder ; to ftumble. Pope. 
To BLUNDER, v. a. To mix fooliflily or 

blindly. Utilling^.-et. 

BLU'NDER. /. [from the verb.] A groCs 
or /hameful m.ftake, /iddtfon. 

BLU'NDERBUSS. /. [from blunder.] A £,un 
that is difcharged with many bullets. 


BLU'NDERER./. [.from blunder.] A block- 
head. JVatts. 

BLU'NDERKEAD. f. A flupid fellow. UEft. 

BLUNT. <t. 

1. Dull on the edge or point ; not fharp, 


2. Dull in underflanding ; not quick. 


3. Rough ; not delicstp. Wotton. 

4. Abrupt ; not elegant. Bacon, 
To BLUNT, -v. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To dull the edge or point. Drydev. 

2. To reprefs, or weaken any appetite. 6'^di. 
BLU'NTLY. cd. [from ^,W,7.] 

r. Without fliarpnefs. 
2. C^arfciy ; plainlv. Drvdfi, 



I^LUITTNESS. /. [from 5/««.J 

1. Want of edge or point. Eucklirg. 

2. Coarfenefs j roughnefs of manners. 

BLUR. /. [borra, Span, a blot.] A blot ; 
a ftain. South. 

To BLUR. T'. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To Wot ; to efface. Locke. 

2. To flajn. Hudtbras. 
To BLURT. V. a. To let fly without 

thinking. Hakeivell. 

To BLUSH. 1/. «. [Wo/£», Dutch.] 

1. To betray Hiame or confufion, by a red 
colour in the cheek. Smnh, 

2. To carry a red colour. Shakajpean. 
BLUSH. /. [from the verb.] 

I. The colour in the cheeks. Pope. 

a- A ted or purple colour. Crcjhanv. 

3. Sudden appearance. Lockr. 
BLU'SHY. a. Having the colour of a blufh. 

To BLU'STER. v. v. [fuppofed from hhji.] 

1. To roar as a florm. Spinjcr. 

2. To bully ; to puff. 

'Go-vcrvmetitof the Tongue. 
BLU'STER. /. [from the verb.] 

1. Roar j noife j tumult. Stv'/r. 

2. Boafl: ; boifteroufnefs. Shaiejpear,\ 
BLU'STERER. /. A fwaggerer j a bylly. 
BLU'STROUS. a. [from bli^fer.] Tumul- 
tuous ; noify. Hudibras. 

BO. interj, A word of terrour. Temple. 

BOAR. 7'. [bsp, Saxon.] The male fwine. 

BOARD. /. [bfiffid, Saxon.] 

1. A piece of wood of more length and 
breadth than thicknefs. Ternfk. 

2. A table. Hakeivell. 

3. A table at which a council or court is 
held. Clarerdin, 

4. A court of jurlfdidiin. Bacon. 

5. The deck or tloor of a Aip. jlddijon. 
To BOARD, -v. a. 

1. To enter a fbip by firce. Denham. 

2. To attack, or make the firft attempt. 


3. To lay or pave with boards. Moxon. 
To BOARD, -v. v. To live in a houfe, 

where a certain rate is paid for eatiog. 


BOARD-WAGES. /. Wages allowed to 
fervants to keep themfelves in vi£luah. 

EO'ARDER. /. [from hoard.] A tabler. 

BOA'RISH. a. [fiomioar.] Swinifh ; bru- 
tal ; crup). Shakefpeare, 

To BOA«ST. To difplay one's own worth, 
or adtbns. z Cor, 

To BOAST. V. a, 

1. To brag of. /itterbwy. 

2. To magnify ; to exalf. Pfalm, 
BOAST. /. 

I, A proud fpeech. SpiHator, 


«. Caufe of boafting. Potci 

BQ'ASTER. /. [from boajl.] A bragger. 


BO'ASTFUL. a. [from boaji and full.} 
Oftentatious. Pope. 

BOASTINGLY. ad. [from boating,] Often- 
tatioully. Decay of Piety, 

BOAT. /. [bat, Saxon.] A veffel to pafs 
the water in. Raleigh. 

BOA'TION. /. Iboare, Lat.] Roar ; noife j 


BO'ATMAN. 7 /. [from boat and man.l 

BO'ATSMAN. J He that manages a boat. 


BO'ATSWAIN. /. [from boat and /wa;».] 

An officer on board a fljip, who has charge 

of all her rigging, ropes, cables, anchors, 


To BOB. V, a. 

J. To beat ; to drub. Shakefpeare, 

2. To cheat ; to gain by fraud. Shakefp, 

To BOB. f. n. To play backward and for- 
ward. ' Dryden, 

BOB. /. [from the verb neuter.] 

1. Something that hangs fo as to play 
loofely. Dryden, 

2. The words repeated at the end of a 
ftanza. UEJirange. 

3. A blow. ylfcham. 
BO'BBIN. /. [bobine, Fr.] A fmall pin of 

wood, with a notch. Tatler. 

BO'BCHERRY. /. [from bob and cherry,'\ 
A play among children, in which the 
cherry is hung fo as to bob againft the 
mouth. Arbuihvot, 

BO'BTAIL. Cut tail. Shakefpeare. 

BO'BTAILED. a. Having a tail cut. 


BO'BWIG. /. A /liort wig. SpeSator, 

To BODE. -v. a, [bobian. Sax.] To por- 
tend ; to be the omen of. Shakefpeare. 

To BODE. T/. ». To be an omen 5 tofore- 
/hew. Dryden, 

EO DEMENT. /. [from bode.^ Portent } 
omen, Shakefpeare, 

To BODGE. 1'. n. T(» boggle. Shakefpeare, 

BODICE./, [ftom bodies,'] Staysjawaift- 
coat quilted with whalebone. Prior, 

BO DILESS, a. [from body,] Incorporeal ; 
without a body. Daviet, 

BO DILY. a. [from bcdy.] 

I. Corporeal; containing body. South, 
a. Relating to the body, not the mind. 

3. Real ; a£lual. Shakefpeare. 

BO'DILY. ad. Corporeally. ?Fafts. 

BO'DKIN./. [bodiken, or fmall body.] St.n- 

I. An inflrument with a fmall blade and 
fliarp point. Sidney, 

1. At\ inftrument to draw a thread or rib- 
bond through a loop. Pope^ 
3. An inftrument to drcfs the hair. Pope, 

B O L 

JJO'DY. /. [bo'012, Saxon.] 

I. The material lubftance of an animal. 

Mdttbciv. vi. 25. 
4. Matter ; oppofed to fpirit, 

3. A perfon ; a human being. Hooker. 

4. Reahty j oppofed to reprefentation. 


5. A colleftive mafs. Clarendon. 
' 6. The main army J the battle. Clarendon. 

7. A corporation. Swift, 

8. The outward cendition. i Cor. v, 3. 

9. The main part. Addtjon. 

10. A pandeft ; a general coJleiflion, 

II. Strength; as, wine of a good' body. 
BODY-CLOATHS. /. Cloathing fv>r horfes 

that are dieted. Addijon, 

To BODY, "v, a. To produce in fome form. 


BOG./, [hog, foft, Irilh.] Amarfh j a fen ; 

a morafs. South. 

BOG-TROTTER./, [from % and trot.} 

One that lives in a bcggy country. 
To BO'GGLE. -v. n. [from iogii, Dutch ] 

1. To ftart ; to fly back. Dr-den. 

2. To hefitate. Locke. 
EOGGLER. /. Ihom boggle.] A doubter; 

a timorous man. Sh.iksfpcare. 

BO GGY. a. [from bog.} Mar/liy ; fwam- 

py. Arbuthnot. 

BO'GHOUSE. / A houfe of ofBce. 
BOHEA. /. [an Indian word.] A fpecies of 

tea. Pope, 

To BOIL. -v. n. [bouUler, Fr.] 

1. To be agitated by heat. Bentlcy. 

2. To be hot ; to be fervent. Dryden. 

3. To move like boiling water. Gay. 

4. To be in hot liquor. Sbakefpeare. 

5. To cook by boiling. Sivift. 
To BOIL. -v. a. Tofeeth. Bjcon. 
BO ILER. /. [from boil.-] 

1. The perfon that boils any thing. Boyle, 

2. The veffel in which any thing is boiled. 

BO'ISTERQUS. a. [byfter, furious, Dutch.] 
Z. Violent j loud j roaring j ftormy. 


2. Turbulent ; furious. yJddfon, 

3. Unwieldy. Spenfer. 
PO'ISTEROUSLY. ttd. [from boi/ierous.] 

Violently ; tumultuoufly. Stvift. 

BO'ISTEROUSNESS. /. [from boiferous.] 

Tumultuoulnefs ; turbulence. 
BO'LARY. a. [from bole.] Partaking of 

the nature of bole. Bro-wn. 

BOLD. a. [bal^, Saxon.] 

1. Daring; brave; ftout. Temple. 

2. Executed with Ipirit. Rojcommon, 

3. Confident ; not fcrupulous. Locke. 

4. Impudent; rude. Eccluf. \\. 11. 
c. Licentious. fral/er. 

6. Standing out to the view, Dryden, 
y, Tc make bold. To take freedoms. 




To BO'LDEN. -v. a. [from bold.] To make 
bold. Af h 

BOLDFACE. / [from bold^nAfa^AiZ'. 
pudence; faucinefs. L'Eltranp. 

BO LDFACED. a. [iioui bold z^nA face A l^. 

^X^^'^'^- Bramkall, 

BOLDLY, ad. [from bold.] In a bold man- 

BO'LDNESS. /. [from bold.] 

J. Courage; bravery. Sidtiev. 

2. Exemption from caution. Dryden^ 

3. Freedom j liberty. 2 Cor. vii. 4.. 

4. Confident truft in God. Hooker. 

5. Ami ranee. Bacon, 

6. Impudence. Hooker. 
BOLE. /. 

1. The body or trunk of a tree. Chapman. 

2. A kind of earth. Ifoodward. 

3. A meafure of corn, containing fix bufli- 
^'*' Mortimer. 

BO' LIS. f [Lat.] 5o/m is a great fiery bail, 
fwifrly hurried through the air, and ge- 
nerally drawing a tail after it. 

BOLL. /. A round ft.iik or ilem. 

To BOLL. -v. n. [from the noun.] Ta 
rife m a ftalk. Exodus. 

BO'LSTER. / [bo!j-t]ie, Sax.] 

1. Something laid m the bed, to fupport 
the head. Q^y^ 

2. A pad, or quilt. Swift. 

3. C)mprefs for a wound. TVijeman., 
To BO'LSTER. -v. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To iapport the head with a bolder- 

2. To ailord a bed to. Shjkefpeare, 

3. To hold wounds together with acom- 
prets. Sharp. 

4. To fupport ; to maintain. South. 
BOLT. / [boult, Dutch ; j^oAij.] 

T. An arrow ; a dart. Dryden. 

2. Lightning; a thunderbolt. Dryden, 

3. Bolt upright -^ that is, upright as an ar- 
r^w. Addifon. 

4. The bar of a door. Shakejpeare. 

5. Pit\ iron to fallen the legs. Sbakefpeare. 

6. Alpotorftain. Sh:ikefpeare. 
To BOLT. -v. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To Ihut or fallen with a bolt. Dryden. 

2. To blurt out. Milton, 

4. To fetter ; to fhackle. Shakelfeare, 

5. To fift ; or feparate with a five. Dryden. 

6. To examine ; to try out. Hah. 

7. To purify ; to purge. Sbakefpeare, 
To BOLT. -v. n. To fpring out withfpeed 

and I'uddennefs. Dryden, 

BO LTER. /. [from the verb.] A fieve to 

feparate meal from bran. Bacon, 

BO LTHEAD. /. A long ftrait necked glaft 

veflel, a matrafs, or receiver. Boyle. 

BOLTING. HOUSE. /. The place where 

meal is fifted. Dennis. 

BO'LTSPRIT. or Bowsprit. /. A mal| 

running out at the head of a fhip, not 

(landing upright, but allope. Sea Di£}. 


BO'LUS. /. [fljxo?.] A medicine, made up 
inro a fok rridls, ijrgKr ttiaa iulh. Sm/l. 
BOMB. /. [i.OT^fij, Lit.j 

1. A loud noife. Bjcon, 

2. A hollow iron balJ, or <}ie]I, filled with 
gunpowder, and furnilhed with a vent tor 
3 tufee, or wooden lube, filled with com- 
builible matter j to be thrown out i:on\ a 
niortar. Ro'U.'C. 

To BOMB. 11. a. To attack with bomb;-. 


BOMB CHEST. /. [Crom i^rr.b and ch,:ji.] 

A kind <if chelt filled with bomb.'^, placca 

under ground, to blow up in the air. 

BOMB- KETCH. ? /• A kind of ihip, 

Bomb vessel. S ftrongly built, to bear 

- the {hodi. of a mortar. Adtlijo'i. 

BO'MBARD, /. [b'jmbardu'y Lat.] Aj,reat 

gun. Knoiki. 

To BOMBA'RD. 'v. a. [from the noun.j 

To attack with bomb<:. Addijon. 

BOMBARDI'ER. /• [from hon:hord.] The 

engineer whole employment U is to fliooc 

bombs. Tjiltr. 

BOMBARDMENT. /. [ from bombard, j 

Aa attack made by bombs. 

BO'MBASIN. /. [bomba/iH, Fr.] A flight 

(ilken UufF. 
BCMBAST. /. Fuftian; bigwords. Di^Kre. 
EO'MBAST. tf. High founding. 


BOMBULATION. /. [from bombus/Ui.] 

Sound ; noifc. firow. 

BONAROILi.f. A whore. Shakefptare. 

JiON.'J'SUS. f. [Lat.] A kind of butTdlo. 

BOACURE'-flEN. /. fFnnch.] A fpecies 

of pear, fo called, piobibly; from the 

name of a gardenci. 

BOND. /. [bonb, Sax.] 

I. Cords, or chains, with which anyone 
is bound. Sbakcjpfdrc. 

3. Ligament that holds any thing together. 

Union ; connexion. Mortimer. 

Imprifunment ; captivity. _ JSIi. 

Cement of uujon j caule of union. 

A writing of obligation. _ Dryden. 
Law by which any man is obliged. 


BOND, a, [gebiintoen, Saxon,] Captive ; 

in a fervilc ilate. I C.5r, 

BONDAGE./, [irom bond.] Captivity; 

imprifonment. Sidney, Pope. 

BONDMAID./, [from bond.'] A woman 

flave. Sbahefpewe, 

BO'NDM.'IN. /. [iiomhond.'] A man Have. 

BONDSERVANT, f. A flave. Le-viticus, 
BONDSE'RVICE. /. Slavery. i Ktrgs. 
•^O'NDSLAVE./. A man in flavery. 



BO'NDSMAN. / [from bond tni mar. J 
One bound for another. Derham, 

BONDWOMAN. A woman flave. 

Ba:, 'JobnfcK. 
BONE. / [ban, Saxon,] 

1. The loiid parts of the body of an ani- 

2. A fragment of meat ; a bone with as 
much fltfh as adheres to it. Dryden. 

3. 'Jo be upon the bores. To attack. 


4. Tu makt no bmes. To make no fcruple, 

5. Dee. D'ydtn, 
To BO>IE. -J. a. [from the noun.] To take 

out the bones from the flefh. 
BO'NELACE. /. [the bobbins with which 

lace is woven being frequently made of 

bones.] Flaxen lace, Spefiatsr, 

BO'NELESS. a. [ from bane. ] Without 

bunes. Hbakcfpeare. 

To BO NESET. -v n. [from bone and jet.] 

To refl'Te a bone out of joint j or join a 

bone broken. Wtleman. 

BO'NESETTER. /. [from bonrfet.] A chi- 

ru-geon. Der.ham, 

BONFIRE. /. \bon, good, Fr. and /re] 

A tire mjde for triumph. S:iuth. 

BO'NGRACE. j. [honn.- grace, Fr.] A co- 
vering tor the foiehead. tiakcicell. 
BONNET. / [bonet, Fr] A hat j a cap. 

BO'NNET. [In fortification.] A J:ind of 

little ravelin. 
BO'NNETS. [In the fea language.] Small 

lails fet on the courfes on the mizzen, 

mainfail, and forefail. 
BONNILY. ad, [from bor.ny.] Gayly ; 

BONNINESS. /. [from bonny.] Gayety } 

BO'NNY. ad. [from bon, bonne, Fr.] 

1. Handfome j beautiful. Shukefpearc. 

2. Gay; merry. Sbdkejpearc, 
BCNNY-CLAfiBER. /• Sour buttermilk, 

BO' MUM MAGNUM. /. A great plu«i. 
BONY, a, [from bone.j 

1. Confiding of bones. Bay. 

2. Full (if bones. 

BO OBY. /. A dull, heavy, flupid fellow, 

BOOK. /. [boc, Sa.x.] 

J. A volume in which we read or write. 

2. A particular part of a work. Burnet, 

3. Tiie rcgifler in which a trader keeps an 
account, Sijktjpeare, 

4. Jnbouki. In kind remembrance. y-Wf/'/an. 

5. IVithout btok. By memory. Hooker. 
To BOOK. -v. a. To regifter in a book. 


BOOK-KEEPING. / [fTOm book and ke^p. J 

The art of keeping accounts. Harm, 



BO'0?CBINDER. /. A man whafe pro- 

felijon it is to bind boriks. 
BO'OKFUL. a. [ .'Vom took and fuU. J 

Croude.1 with undigcfted knowledge. Pop'. 

EO'OKISH. a. [Lomboak.l Given to books. 


BO'OKISHNESS. /. [from bock-Jh.l^ Over- 

EOOKLE'ARXED. a. [horn book ^nd. ham . 

eti.^ Verfed in books. ^ii-f!. 

BOOKLE'ARNING. /. [from br^ok and 

karning.'^ Skill in literature ; acauaint- 

ance with bookf. Sia'i:ey. 

BOOKMAN, f. [from book and tnan.] A 

man whofe profefiion is the ftudy of books. 


BOOKMATE. /". Schoolfellow, iihakefp. 

BJ OK ELLEIl.' /. He whofe profeffion ;t 

is to fell books. ff'altcv. 

ED'OKWORM. /. [from bock and liwm.] 

J. A mite ih4t cats holes in books. 


2. A fludcnt too clofelv fixed upon books. 

BOOM. /. [from boom, a tree, Dutch.] 

1. [In fea-langii.iee.j A long pole ofed to 
I'^read out th^ ciue ot the lUidding fail. 

2. A pole v.'i'h buflies or baikef, fet up 
as a mark to fhew the failors how to fleer. 

3. A bar of wood laid trofs a hjrbour. 


To BOOM. 'V, n. Torulhwith vi.koce. 


BOON./, [fram bene, Sax,] A gift j a 
grant. ^Jdijuii. 

EOON. a. [hon. Fr.] dy 5 merry. Milton. 

EOOR. /. [bier, Dutch,] A lout j a clown, 


EO'O.'IISH. a. [from i;:r.] Clownilh ; ruJ- 
tick. ISkakf'ipeaie. 

BOORISHLY, ad. After a clowmfh man- 

BO'ORISHNE'^S. /. [(rom bo'.riJh.'\ Coarfe- 
nefs of mannrr^. 

BOOSE. /. [b P13, S.ixon.] A ftall for a 

To BOOT. -L-. a. [bet, Sison.] 

1. To profit ; to advantage. Hooker, Pope. 

2. To enrich j to benefit. Shakejptate. 
BOOT. /. [from the verb.] 

J. Profit J gau) ; advantage. Shakefpcore. 

2. To boot. \V:th advantage ; over and 
above. Herbrt. 

3. Baoty or plunder. Shak'fpeur.'. 
BOOT. /, [hotte, Fiench.] A covering for 

the leg, ul\d by horfemen. Mi.'ton. 

Boo r of a couch. . The fpace bstwcea the 

coachman and the conch. 
To BOOT. -7/. a. I'o put on bootf. Shak. 
BOOT HOSE. /. [from bsot and bofe.} 

Stockmgs to ferve for boots. Shjkefpejre, 
BOOT TREE. /. Wood fliaped like a leg, 

to be driven beets for flrecching thfm. 

B O R 

BO'OTCATCHER./. [from boctinic^tch.} 
The perfon whofe bufinefs at an inn is to 
pull off the bi.ots of paffeugers. Sivift. 

BOOTED, a. [from Zoof.] In boots. 


BOOTH. /. [boed, Dutch.] A hcufe built 
of boards or boughs, Szvift, 

BO'OTLESS. a. [from b^ct.] 

1. Ufdefs ; un3va;!ing. Shatef'jca'c. 

2. Without fuccefs. iihak'eJLeare. 
BOOTY./, [huyt, Dutch.] 

1. Plunder; pillage, D'-yden. 

2. Things gotten by robbery, Sbakefpeirc. 

3. To play booty. To iofe by defian.Z),7i/t-n. 
B0HE'E:\ /. r<j/Vj_y BoPEEp/is tolook 

out, and draw b.ick, as if fr ghted. Dryden. 

EORACHIO. / \_ly,rracho, Spanifh.j A 
drunkard. Cofurreve. 

BO'RAELE. a. [from bsre.] That may be 

EO'RAGE. /. IJrombomgOjLzt.] A plant. 

BO'RA'dEZ. f. The vegetable lamb, ge- 
nerally known by .the name of yl^ 
Scs'tb.cus. Br'.iur,, 

BO'R.JX. f. [bor,7x, low Luin.] An ar- 
tificial ialt, prt-jMred frnm fal armoni<iC, 
r.icre, calcined tjrtar, lea fult, and alum, 
dillbived in wine. ^uhicy 

BO'RDEL / [bcrdecl, Teut.] A brc'thel ; 
a bawdyhoule. South. 

BORDER./ [bord, German.] 

I The outer pait or edge of any thing. 
D yd en , 

2. The edge of a country. i^per.j'ir. 

3. The outer part of a garment adorned 
with needlework. 

4. A bank raifed round a garden, and fe: 
w'th rt )we-s. V/allr. 

T^ BO'RDER. -v. r.. [from the noun.] 

I. To confine upon. Kt,c'!it. 

2- To approach nearly to. TiUoifon. 

To CO'RDER. -v. a. 

1. To adorn with a border. 

2. To reach ; t) touch, Ea'ei<rh. 
BO'RDERER. /. [from io'der.l He thac 

dwelie on the borders, Pl.ilips. 

To BO'RDR.-^GE. -v. n. [from border.] To 

plunder the borders. Sf-cr.jcr. 
To BORIL -v. a. [bcprn, Saxon,] 'To 

p'crcf in a hole. Digby. 
To BORE. 'V. n. 

1. To make a hole, JVi'k'iis. 

2. To pufli forward towards a certain 
point. Dryden, 

BORE. f. [from the vrrb.] 

1. The hole made- by boring. Milton. 

2, The inflrumeot with which a hole is 
bored, Mcxon. 
q. The fze of any hole. Eac^n. 

BORE. I'atprttr.ite oi bear. Dryden. 

EO'REAL. a. lisrealis, Lat.J NorLhevn, 


B O T 

SOiREyJS. f. [Latin.] The north wind. 


BO'REE. /. A kind of dance. Sivift. 

BO RER. /. [from bore.} A piercer. 


BORN. The participle pajfive of bear. 


To be BORK. "v. ». p^Jf. To come into 
life. Locke. 

BO'ROUGH. /. [bojVnoe, Sax.] A town 
with a corporation. 

EO'RREL. /. A mean fellow. Spcnfer. 

To BO'RROW. 'V. a. 

1. To take fomething from another upon 
credit. Nche;mah. 

a.*ro a/k of another the ufe of fome- 
thing for a time. Dryden. 

3. To take fomething of another. fP'atti. 

4. To ufe as one's own, though not be- 
longing to one. Dryden. 

EO'RROV/. /. [from the verb.] The 
thing borrowed. Shakefpeare. 

BORROWER. /. [from borroiv.] 

1. He that borrows. Milton. 

2. He that takes what is another's. Pope. 
BO'SCAGE. /. [bojcage, Fr.] Wood, or 

woodlands. U'ottoii. 

BO'SKY. a. [bofijue, Fr.] Woody. Milton. 
BO'SOM. /. [b- j-me, Saxon.] 

1. The breaft ; the heart. Shakefpeare. 

2. An inclofure. Hooker. 

3. The folds of the drefs that cover the 
breaft. Exodus. 

4. The tender affeftions. Milton. 
5,. Inclination ; defire. Shakefpeare. 

BOSOM, in compofition, implies intimacy j 
confidence; fondnefs. Ben.Johnfn. 

To BO'SOM. -v. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To inclofe in the bofom. Milton, 

2. To conceal in privacy. Pope. 
BO'SON. /. [corrupted from bcat(ivain,'\ 

BOSS. /. [boffe, Fr.] 

1. A ftud. _ Pope. 

2. The part rifing in the midft of any 
tl.-ing. _ Job. 

3. A thick body of any kind. Moxon. 
EO'SSAGE. /. [in architedure.] Any ftone 

that has a proj' dture. 
BO'SVEL. /. A fpecies of crowfoot. 
BOTA'NICAL. ? ^. [ Bord'.yj, an herb. ] 
BOTA'NICK. i Relating to herbs ; /killed 

m herbs. Addijon. 

BOTANIST. /. [(xaTahota7iy.] One Ikilled 

in plants. PVoodward. 

BOTANO'LOGY. /. [SsravoXcj/ia.] Adif- 

courfe upon plants. 
BOTCH. /. [boxza, Italian.] 

1. A fwelhng, or eruptive difcoloration 
of the fkin. Donne. 

2. A part in any work ill finifhed. Shak. 

3. An adventitious part clumfily added. 


B O U 

To BOTCH, -v. a. [from the noun.} 

1. To mend or patch cloaths clumfily. 


2. To put together unfuitably, or un- 
ikilfully. Dryden. 

3. To mark with botche?. Garth. 
BOTCHY. a. \irora botch.] Marked with 

botches. Shakefpeare. 

BOTH. a. [batha, Saxon.] The two. 

BOTH. con;. As weH. Drydai. 

EO'TRYOID. a. [Bol.vKllr)';.^ Having the 

form of a bunch of crapes. IFood'ifdtd. 
LOTS, f Small worms in the entrails of 

horfes. Shakefpeare. 

BOTTLE, /. [bouteille, Fr.] 

1. A fmall veiiel of glafs, or other matter. 


2. A quantity of wine ufually put into a 
bottle J a quart. SpiHator. 

3. A quantity of hay or grafs bundled up. 


To BO'TTLE. -v. a. [from the noun.] To 

inclofe in bottles. Swift. 

BO'TTLEFLOWER, /. A plant. 

BO TTLESCREW. J. [ from bottle and 

Jcreiv.'} A fcrew to pull out the cork. 

BO'TTOM. /. [bctm, Saxon.] 

1. The loweft part cf any thing. 

2. The ground under the water. Dryden. 

3. The foundation 3 the ground-work. 


4. A dale ; a valley. Bentley. 

5. The deepert part. Locke, 

6. Bound ; limit. Shakefpeare. 

7. The utmoft of any man's capacity. 


8. Thelaft refort. Jddifon. 

9. A veffel for navigation. JS,'orris, 

10. A chance ; orfecurity. Clarendon, 

11. A ball of thread wound up together. 

To BO'TTOM. v. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To build upon ; to fix upon as a fup- 
port. yltterbury. 

2. To wind upon fomething. Shakefpeare. 
To BO'TTOM. -v. n. To reft upon as its 

fupport. Locke. 

BO'TTOMED. a. Having a bottom. 

BO'TTOMLESS. a. [from ^o//oot.J With- 
out a bottom j fathomlefs. Milton. 

BOTTOMRY. /. [in navigation and com- 
merce.] The adt of borrowing money on 
a /hip's bottom. 

BO'UCHET. f. [French.] A fort cf pear. 

BOUD. /. An infcft which breeds in malt. 

To BOUGE. "v. n. \bouge, Fr.j To fwell 

EOUGH. /. [boj, Saxon.] An arm or 
large ftioot of a tree. Sidney, 

BOUGHT, preter. of tt buy. 


B O U 

BOUGHT. /. [from to low.] 

1. A twi.1 J a link j a knot. Millon. 

2. A flexure. Broivti. 
BOU'lLLON. /. [French.] Broth ; foup. 
BOULDER IValh. [in architedure.] Walls 

built of round flints or pebbles, laid in a 
ftrong moi-tar. 
To BOUNCE, 'u. V. 

1. To i\\\ or fly ag-iinft any thing with 
great force. Sioft. 

2. To make a fudden leap. Addison. 

3. To boaft ; to bully. 

4. To be bold, or flrong. Shakefpeare, 
BOUNCE. /. [from the verb.] 

I. A flrong (udden blow. Dry den. 


a- A fudden crack or noife. 

3. A boail ; a threat. 

BO'UNCER. /. [ixom bounce] A boafter ; 

a b'.illy ; an empty threatner. 
BOUND, f. [from hind.] 

1. A limit ; a boundary. Pope. 

2. A limit by which any excurfion is re- 
flrained. Locke. 
5. A leap ; a jump 5 a fpring. Addifoii. 

4. A rebound. Decay of Piety. 
To BOUND, -v. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To limit 5 to terminate. Dryden. 

2. To reftrain ; to confine. Sbakefpeare. 
To BOUND, -v. n. [bondir, Fr.] 

1. To jump; to fpring, Pop^. 

2. To rebound ; to fly back. Shakefp. 
To BOUND, -v. a. To make to bound. 


BOUND, participle paffive of bind. Knolles. 

BOUND. .?. [a word of doubtful etymo- 
logy.] Deftined ; intending to come to 
any place. Temple. 

BOUNDARY. /. [from hound.] Limit; 
bound. Rogers. 

ECUNDEN. participle pajfive of hind. 


BOUNDING-STONE. 7 /. A ftone to 

BOUND-STONE, 5 play with. 


EO'UNDLESNESS. /. [ from houndlejz. ] 
Exemption from limits. South. 

BO'UNDLESS, a. [ from hound. ] Un- 
limited ; unconfir.ed. South. 

BO UNTEOUS. a. [tVom bounty.] Liberal ; 
kind ; generous. Dryden. 

BOUNTEOUSLY, ad. [from boumeous.] 
Liberally ; generoufly. Dryden. 

BO'UNTEOUSNESS. /. [from bounteous.] 
Munificence ; liberality. Pj'alms, 

BO'UNTIFUL. a. \_hom bounty and >//.] 
Liberal ; geuerous ; munificent. Tuy'or, 

BO tJNTlF'JLLY. u. liiom bountiful.] Li- 
berally. Doi:>ie. 

BO'UNTI FULNESS. /. [from bountfuL] 
The quality of being bountiful ; genero- 
fitv. Corintkiam. 

BQ UNTIHEAD. 7 /. Goodnels 3 virtue. 

BO UNTIHOOD. ^ Sp^nfcr, 

B O W 

BO^UNTY. /. [bontc, Fr.] Generofity 5 
liberality ; munificence. Hooker' 

To BOURGEON, -v.n. {burgcctiner,-Fx.'\ 
To iprout ; to fhoot into branches, lioivel, 

BOURN. /. [borne, Fr.] 

1. A bound ; a limit. Shakfpeare, 

2. A brook ; a torrent. !ip:nier. 
To BOUSE. -V. n. [iw_>/.«, Dutch.] "To 

drink lavishly. Spcnfer, 

BOUSY. a. [hom'houfe.] Drunken. King. 
BOUT. /. l^botta, Italian.] A turn ; as 

much of an adlion as is performed at one 

time. Sidney. 

BO'UIEFEU. f. [French.] An incendiary. 

King Charles. 

BO'UTISALE. /. A fale at a cheap rate. 


BOUTS RIMEZ. [French.] The la(t words 

or rhjmes of a number of verfes given to 

be filled up. 
To BOW. -v. a. [biijen, Saxon,] 

1. To bend, or infleft. Locke. 

2. To bend the body in token of refpedl 
or fcibmiflior. Ifaiah. 

3. To bend, or incline, in condefcenfion. 


4. To deprefs ; to crufii, Pcpc. 
To BOW. -v. n. 

1. To bend ; to fufFer flexure. 

2. To make a reverence. Decay of Piety. 

3. To fto ip. Judges, 

4. To fink under prefTure. IJaiah. 
BOW. /. [from the verb. It is pronounced, 

like the verb, as wow, hoiv.] An aft of 
reverence or fubmiflion. Szvifr, 

BOW. f. pronounced bo. 

1. An inftrument of war. Alleync. 

2. A rainbow. Cenefis. 

3. The inftrument with which flring-in- 
ftruments are ftruck. Dryden, 

4. The doubling of a firing in a flip- knot. 


5. A voke, Shakefpeare, 

6. Bo'w of a pip. That part of her 
which begins at the Inof, and compafling 
ends of the ftern, and ends at the ftern- 
moll parts of the forecaftle. 

BOW BENT. a. [trom boio and bent.] 
Crooked. Milton. 

BOW HAND. /. [from boio and hand.] 
The hand that draws the bow. Spenfer, 

BOW-LEGGED, a. [from bow and %.] 
Having crooked legs. 

To BOWEL. •^'< o. [from the noun.] To 
pierce the bowels. Thomfon, 

BO'WELS. /. [hyavx, Fr.] 

J. Inteftines; the velfels and organs with- 
in the body. Samuel. 

2. The inner pa;t5 of any thing, Shtthfp. 

3. Tendenieis ; compafTion. C'.arct:don, 
BO'VVER. /. [from bough.] 

I, An arbour. P'f^' 

a, It feems to fignify, iaSpt::fer, allow; 

0:5 a ftroke ; 


a ftroke : bourrer, Fr. to fall upon. 


BO'WER, / [from the hew of a fhip.] 

Arcn .r lu called. 
To BO'WER. -v. a. [from the noun.] To 

embower. Sl.akefpeare. 

BO'VVERY. a. [ horn loiocr. \ Full of 

bowers. TickelL 

BOWL. /. [buelir, Wekli ] 

1. A ve(?el to hold liqucis. Fritcn. 

2. The hoUovv part ot any thing. Sicfi. 

3. A b.i(in, or fountain. Bdcon. 
BOWL. /. [houle, Fr. j A round mafs rolled 

alone the ground. Htrbirt, 

To BOWL. "v. a. [fp-m the naun.] 

1. To phy at bowls. 

2, To th'ow howls at any thing. Sh^kefp, 
BO'WLDER STONES. /. Lumps or frag- 
ments of ftones or marble, rounded by 
being tumbled to and again by the aClion 
of the v.'ater. E'^ocda-ad. 

BO'vVLER. /. [from IotjL] He ihat plays 

at b>wls. 
BO'VVLINE. /, A rope faftened to the 

rnid'die p-itt of the outfide of a fail. 
EO'WLING-CREEN. /. [from boivl and 

greev. ] A level piece of ground, kept 

fmooth for bowleis. Bemky. 

BO'WMAN. /. An archer. Jiren.uh. 

BO'VVSPRIT.' /. Boltfprit ; which fee. 
To BO'WSiEN. -v. a. To drench ; to 

foak. Ccir.'iV. 

BO'WSTRINC. /. The firing by which 

the bow is kept bent, 
BO'WYER. /. [from kiv.'] 

1. An archer. Lryden. 

2. One whofe trade is to make bows. 
BOX. /. [box, Saxon.] A tree. 
BOX. /. [box, Saxon. J 

1. A cafe made of wood,, or other matter, 
to hold any thing. Popi. 

3. The cafe of ifie mariners compafs. 

3. The cheil into which money given Is 

put. i^'pe'ijl'-. 

4.. .Seat in the olayhoiife. Pope. 

To BOX. -v. a. [fiom the noi;n.] To in- 

clofe m ?. box. Sivifi. 

BOX. f. {bock, a chi'ek, Welch.] A blow 

on the head given witk t.'ae hand. 

Bramha 7 
To BOX. "v. n. [from the noun J T» fight 

with the tift. ^peiloiior, 

BOXEN, a [fromi*.] 

I Midf "f box. Gay. 

2. R'lembhrg bcx. Dryder. 
BOXER, f. \ from bcx- ], A man who 

■fi.hts with his lift. 
BOY. /. 

1. A male <hlld ; not a pirl. 

2. One in the flate of adoiefcsnce : older 
than an 'nfar.t. Dryden, 
%. A word of contempt for young men. 

•^ ' LoLke. 


To BOY. v. n. [from the ncun.] Tc 3^ 
apilhlv, or like a boy. Shjkefpiare. 

BO'YfiOOD. /. [from boy.] The liate of 
a bny. Sw ft. 

BO'YISH. a. [from koy.] 

1. Belonging to a buy. Shakeff.eare, 

2. Chi'difii ; tsifling. Viydm. 
EO'ViSHI.Y. ad. [from %//^.] Chiidifl?- 

iv ; trillingly. 
BOYISHNESS. /. [f,om boyijh.] Chiidiflr- 

nefs j triflingnefs. 
BO'YISM. /. [from ipy.] Puerility -child- 

ifhnefs. Diyden. 

BP. An abhrevinidn of biflrnp. 
BRA'BBLE. /. [brabbder, Dutch.] A cla- 

mor"us conrcd. Shjkejpcare. 

To BRABBLE, t. «. [from the noun.] 

To C! ntefl noifily, 
BRA'BSLER. /. A clamorous noify fel- 
To BRACE, v. a. [eml.r^Jfcr, Fr.] 

I. To bind J to tic clofe with bandages. 


7.. To intend ; to flrain up. Holder, 

BRACE. /. [Irom the verb.] 

1. Ciaduie ; bandage. 

2. That which holds any thing tight. 


3. Br.'\ces of a coach. Thick ii raps of 
leiither on which it hangs. 

4. Bkace . [in printing.] A crooked line 
iiiclofmg a p.*lTage ; as in a triplet. 

<;. Warlike preparation. Shakefpea<e. 

6. Tenfion ; tightnefs. Holder. 

BRACE./. A pair ; a couple. Drydcn, 

BRA'CELET. /. [bracelet, Tt.J An orna- 
ment fir the arn.s. Boyle. 

ERA'CFR. /. [from brace.] A cindure j 
a bandjge. TVifeman. 

BR.'\CH. /. {breque, Vr.] A bitch hound. 

BRA'CIilAL. a. [from bracbium, Lat.] Be- 
longing to the arm. 

BRACHYGRAPHY. /. {S^r^x^i and -y^d- 
<{>ij.] The art or praflice of writing in 
a (holt compafs. GlanvilU. 

BR.'\CK. /. A breach. D^gh- 

BRA'CKET. /. A piece of wood fixed for 
the fi;ppcrt of fomething. Mortimer. 

BRA'CKI'JH. a. \b,ack, Dutch.] Salt} 
forre>v hat fjlr. Herbert. 

ER.VCKISHNESS./. \fxombrack\p.'] Sali- 
ne fs. Chcytie. 

BRAD. /. A fort of nail to floor rooms 
■with. Moxon. 

To BRAG. v. n. [bra^geren, Dutch.] To 
bo)if ; to difplay ofteniatioufly. Samierfon, 

IRAG. /. [from'the verb.] 

1. A boaft ; a proud exprelTion. Bacon. 

2. The thing boalfed. Milton. 
BRAGGADOCIO./. A pufEng, boafting 

fcllcw. Dryden, 



IRA'GGART. a. [from .V.f_^.] Bo^flful ; 

viinly oftetitatirus. Dji:i:e. 

BRAGGART. 7. [Uom brag.'\ A baafter. 
ERA'GGER. /. [from brag.'] A boaiicr. 

BRA'GLESS. a. [from hrag.'\ Without a 
bjaih Shakeffeare. 

ERA'GLY, ad. [from brag.1 Finely. 

To BPvAID. 1/. a. [bjicx'&in, Saxon J To 
weave together. M:lion. 

BRAID./, [from the verb.] A texf.irc ; 
a knot. P/-/or. 

BRAID, a. Deceitful. Skakefp^j c. 

Brails. /. [S.-a term.] Small ropes reeved 

through blocks. 
BRAIN. /. [iptjsn, Saxnn.] 

I. That Collection of vefTels and rrpans 

in the head, fiom which fenfe and muti'.n 

arif% Shjiffpeur,-. 

?. The unde; (landing, Ham-noml. 

3. The afil'cltofis. Shak'ip a'C. 

To BRAIN. 1/. J. To kill by b.-atiog • ut 

the brains. P'pe. 

BRA'XJSH. a. [from-^n:;«.] Hotheaded; 

'utious. S!:ake''p;jTe. 

BRAINLESS, a. [from brain.'] Silly. 


ERA'INPAN. / [from brain -^ni pan] The 

/k;iil containing the brains. Drydcn. 

BRAINSICK, a. [from brain and fick] 

Acidleheai'ed ; giddv. ^ KnoHes. 

B'<.AISSICKLV. ad. [from brairfick.] 

We.ikiy i Keidily. Shakefpeare. 

BRA'INSICKNESS. /. [from brair/t.k.] 

Iiid fcretion ; giddinefs, 
BRAKE. Tne preterite o{ break. Knolle;. 
BRAKE. /. Fern j brambles. Drjd-n. 
BRAKE. /. 

1. An inflrument for dreffing hemp or flix, 

2. The handle of a (hip's pump. 

3. A bake^'s kneading trough. 
BRA'KY. a. [ from bruke. ] Thorny ; 

prickly ; rough. Ben. Johafon. 

BRA.'MBLE. /. fbpemk)-, Sax. rubus. La:.] 

1. B'ackbcrry bufh ; dewberry bulh ; rjfp- 
beiry bufii. Mi'iar. 

2. Anv roueh pricklv fhrub, Ct-^. 
BRA'MBLING. /. A bird, called alf.'a 

mountain chafii:,ch. Dici . 

ERAN. /. [brcniia, Itai.] The hu/ks of 

corn ground. Wctton. 

BRANCH. /. [branche, Fr.] 

1. The iTioot of a tree from one of the 
main boughs. Hbakifi-eare. 

2. Any d;Itinft article, Rog-rs. 

3. Any part that /hocts out from the reff. 


4. A fmaller river into a larger. 


5. Any part of a fariliy defcendir.g in a 
foliateiai line. Careiv, 


6. Theofl'-pring; the defcendan».C'<7/^j<r«;. 

7. Tbs dntler^ ..r (hgots of a flag's horn. 
To BRANCH, -v. n. [from the ninin.] 

I. To fpiead ill branches. M-.iton. 

1. To Ipiead jnro fcparate parts, Locke. 

3. To fpeak diffuhveiy. SpeBator. 

4. T.i have horns /hooting out. Milton 
To BRANCH, -v. a. 

1. T» div:ds as into branches. Bac.n, 

2. To adorn with needlework. Stieiiler 
BRa'NCHER. /. ^ •' * 

1. One that ihocts out into branches. 


2. In falconry, a young hawk, [brancbier, 

BRA'NCHINESS. /. [Uom branchy 1 Pi,]. 

ncfs ;f broncfics. 
BRANCHLESS, a. [f.nui 
■ I. Without ftiootf Or boughs. 

2. Naked^. Shakefpeare. 

ERA NCr-IY. a. [from branch,] Full of 

branches furesillng, JVatts 

BRAND./, [bjij,^, Saxon.] 

1. A ihck lighted, or lit to be lighted. 


2. A fword. Milton. 

3. A thunderbr■I^ Cran-vilie. 

4. A mark made by burning with a hot 
"■""• Bacon, Drydcn. 

To BRAND, -v.a. {brar.den, Dutch.] To 
ma;kwith .T note of infamy, yitiirburv 
BRAWDGOOSE. / A kind of wild fowl 
To BRANDISH, t:. a. [from brand, a 

1. To v^ave or fhike. iimitb 

2. Ti play with; to flourift, Locke\ 
BRA'NDLING. /, A particular worm. 
„^ , <. IValion, 
B.x A NDY, /, A ftrong liquor diftilled from 

^^'^s- Stu^ft. 

B:iANGLE-f. Squabble; wrangle. 5w///. 
To BRA'NGLE. -.■. n. To wrangle j to 

BRANK. /. Buckwheat, Mortimer 

BRA'NNY. a. [from b-ai.] Having the 

appearance of bran, IVifeman. 

BRA'SIER. / [from^-.:/.] 

1. A manufacturer taat works in hrafs. 


2. A pan to hold coals. Arbuthnot. 
BRASI L, or Br AziL, /. An American 

w.jud, commonly fupp.>ftd t > have been 
thus denominated, tcr.aufe firft broughc 
from BtaCl. 
BRASS. /, [bp p, Saxnn.] 

1. A yeilow metal, made by mixin;; crp- 
per with lapif caliininaiis. Bacon. 

2. Impudence. 

BRA'SSINESS. /, [frotn brjJTy.] An ap. 

pearance like brafs. 
BRA'SSY. a. [from hrajs.] 

1, Partaking of urali. Woodivard. 

2, Hard as brafs, i, a<ejpeare, 

3. Im- 


3. Impudent, 
ERAST. />c7<7/f!>. a. [from for/?.] Burft ; 

broken. Spenj'cr. 

BHAT. /. 

I. A child, fo called in contempt. 

Rofcemmon . 

2- The progeny ; the offspring. South, 
B^IAVA'DO. /. A boaft ; a brag. 
BRAVE, a. [orave, Fr.] 

1. Co'irageo'is ; daring; bold. Bacon, 

2. GaJlan!: j having a noble mien. 


3. Magnificent ; grand. Derhavi, 

4. Excelient ; noble. Sidney, Digby, 
BRAVE, /. [brat'e, Fr.] 

1. A hetlor ; a man daring beyond pru- 
dence or ficnefs. Dryden, 

2. A boaft J a challenge. Shakefpears. 
To BR.WE. -v. a. [from the noun.'] 

1. To defy ; to challenge. Dry den, 

2. T;> carry a boafting appearance. Bacon. 
BRA'VELY. ad. [fiom bra've.'\ In a brave 

manner ; courageoufly ; gallantly. Dryden. 
BRA'VERY. /. [it'^ra bra-ve.l 

1. Courage ; magp.::nimity. j4ddij'on, 

2. Splendour 5 magnificence. Sper,fer. 

3. Shew; oftentation. Bacon. 
4.. Bravado ; boaft. Sidney. 

BRAVO. /. Ibra-vo, Ital.] A man who 
murders for hire. Goziem. of the Tongue. 
To BRAWL. tJ. r. [brouiller, Fr.] 

1. To quarrel noifily and indecently. 

Shakejpejre, IVatti. 

2. To fpeak loud and indecently. Shukefp. 

3. To make a noife. Sbakejpeare. 
BRAWL. /. [from the verb.] Qviarrel ; 

noife ; fcurrility. Hooker. 

BR.A'WLEls. /. [fromiz-aw.'.] A wrangler. 


BRAWN. /. [of uncertain etymology.] 
1. The fleftiy or mufculous part of the 
body. Peacbam. 

a. The arm, fo called from its being muf- 
culous. Sbakejpeare. 
g. Bulk ; mufcular ftrength. Dryden. 

4. The flefa of a boar. Mortimer. 

5. A boar. 

ER.A'WNER. /. [from braivn.'\ A boar 

killed fc r the table. King. 


hardnefs. Locke. 

ERA'WNY. a. [ftombrawn.'^ Mufculous; 

titfhy ; bulky. Dryden. 

To BRAY. -v. a. [bfucan, Saxon.] To 

pound ; or grind fniail. Chapman. 

To BRAY. -y. n. [bro^re, Fr.] 

1. To make a noife as an afs. Dryden. 

7.. To make an tffenfive noife. Cor.gre-ve, 
BRAY. /. [from the verb.] Noife ; found. 
BRA'YER. /. [from bray.'\ 

I. One that brajs like an afs, Fo^U 

B R E 

2. With printers, an inftrument to temper 
the ink. 
To BRAZE, -v. a. [from brajs.] 

1. To folder with brafs. Moxon, 

2. To harden to impudence. Sbakejpeare, 
BRA'ZEN, a. [from brajs.l 

1. Made of brafs. Pcacham, 

2. Proceeding from brafs. Sbakejpeare. 

3. Impudent. 

To BRA ZEN. 1/. «, To be impudent ; to 
bully. Arbuthnot. 

BRA'ZENFACE. /. [from^rj«e«and/;c:'.] 
An impudent wretch. Shakcjpeare. 

BRA'ZENFACED. a. [from brazenfjcc.1 
Impudent ; ftiamelefs. Sbakejpeare, 

BRA'ZENNESS. /. [from brazen.-\ 

1. Appearing like brafs. 

2. Impudence. 

BRAZIER./. SeeBRAsiER. S-zvlft, 
BREACH. /. [from break ; breche, Fr.] 

1. The z(X of breaking any thing. Shak, 

2. The ftate of being broken. Shak.'Jp. 

3. A gap in a fortification made by a bat- 
tery. • Knolles, 

4. The violation of a law or contract. 


5. An opening in a coaft. Spenjer. 

6. Difference ; quarrel, Chrendcn. 

7. Infradion ; injury. Clarendon, 
BREAD. /. [bfieo'o, Saxon.] 

1. Food made of ground corn. Arbuthnot, 

2. Food in general. PhiUpi, 

3. Support of life at large. Pope, 
BREAD-CHIPPER. /. [from bread and 

chip.'\ A baker's fervant. Sbakejpeare. 
BREAD CORN. /. [Jrom bread and forn.] 

Corn of which bread is made. Hayivard. 
BREADTH. /. [from bjiab, Saxon. J The 

meafure of any plain fuperficies from fidg 

to fide. Addijon. 

To BREAK. V. a. pret. I broke ; or brake ; 

part, pair, broke, or broken, [bfieccan, Sax.] 

1. To part by violence. Mark. 

2. To burft, or open by force. B-irnct, 

3. To pierce ; to divide. Dryden. 

4. To deftrcy by violence. Burnet. 

5. To overcome ; to furmount. Gay. 

6. To batter ; to make breaches or gaps 
in. Sbakejpeare, 

7. To crulh or deftroy the ftrength of the 
body. TiUotJon. 

8. To fink or appal the fpirit. Philips^ 

9. To fubdue, Addijon. 

10. Tocrufti; todifable; to incapacitate. 

ir. To weaken the mind. Felton, 

12. To tame , to train to obedience. 

May's y~trgil. 

13. To make bankrupt. Da-vies, 

14. To crack or open the fkin, Drydenm 

15. To violate a contract or promife. 

Sbak Jpeare, 
j6. To 

B R E 

16. To infringe a law. Dryden. 

17. To intercept ; to hinder the eft'ed of. 


18. To interrupt, Dryden. 

19. To feparate company. Atterbury, 

20. To diffolve any union. Cs l-tr. 

21. To reform. Gmv. 

22. To open fomething new. Bacon. 

23. To break the back. To difable one's 
fortune. Sbak. fpeare. 

24. To break a deer. To cut it upac table. 

25. Tcbreskfajl. To eat the firft time 
in the day. 

26. Ta break ground. To open trenches. 
1-j. To break tbt heart. To deflroy with 
grief. Dryden. 

28. Tc brejk the neck. To lux, or put out 
the neck joints. Shakefpeare, 

29. To break off. To put a fudden flop. 

30. To break off. To preclude by feme 
t;bftacle, Addijon. 

31. To break up. To diflblve. Arbutbnst. 

32. To break up. To open j to Jay open. 


33. To break up. To feparate or difband. 


34. To break upon the ivbeel. To punifh 
by ftretching a criminal upon the wheel, 
and breaking his bones with bats. 

35. To break wind. To give vent to 
wind in the body. 

To BREAK, -v. ft, 

1. To part in two. Sbakefpeare. 

2. To burft. Dryden. 

3. To burft by dafliing, as waves on a 
xock. Pope. 

4. To open and difcharge matter. Har-vey. 

5. To open as the morning. Donne. 

6. To burft forth ; to exclaim. Shakefp. 

7. To become bankrupt. Pcpe. 

8. To decline in health andftrength.5'w//?. 

9. To iffue out with vehemence. Pope. 

10. To make way with fome kind of fud- 
dennefs. Hooker, Samuel. 

1 1. To come to an exphni^tion .B . yohrfon. 

12. To fall out J to befriends no longer. 

Ben, ycbrfon, Pr:cr. 

13. To difcard. S-u.-fr. 

14. To break from. To feparate from 
wits fome vehemence. RofcGmmon. 
I^. Ta break in. To enter unexpectedly. 


16. To break loofe. To efcape frpm cap- 
tivity. Milton, 

17. To break off. To defift fuddenly. 


18. To break off from. To part from with 
violence. Sbakefpeare. 

19. To break out. To difcover itfelf in 
fudden efFedls. Soutb. 

20. To break out, To have erupticuj from 
the b&dy. 

B R E 

21. To break out. To become ilCTolate. 

22. To break up. To ceafe , to i^^^^i 

23. To break up. To difTolve itfelf IV-tt 
2+. To break up. To begin holidays." ** 

cr , ^ ^'^^'ffiearf. 

2-. To break -u.'itb. To part friendftio 

with any. c / 

BREAK. /. [from the verb.] ' 

1. State of being broken j cpcninjr. 

2. A paufe ; an interrupti.-;n. 

3. A line drawn, noting that the fenfe i- 
fufpended. i- , .-'' 

BRE'AKER. /. [from break.} ^'•''' 

1. He that breaks any thing. Sou'b 

2. A wave broken by rocks or facdbanks' 
To BRE'AKFAST. .. r.. [from break a.d 

fafi.\ To eat the firft mtil ia the day. 

BRE'AKFAST. /. ffrom the verb.] ^"°''' 

1. The iirft meal in the day. Wct^on, 

2. The thing eaten at the firft meal. 

... , Biron. 

3. A meal in general. Divdn 
BREAKNECK. /. A fteep place endanger- 
ing the neck. Sciaktfpeare. 

ERE'AKPROMISE. /. One that i^.kes a 

pradtice cf breaking his promife. Shakefp 

BREA.M. /. [brame, Fr.J The name of a 

BREAST. /. [bjiecpr, Saron.] 

1. The middle part of the human bodv, 
between the neck and the beJIy. 

2. The dugs or teats of ftomen which 
contain the mljk. 'y,^^ 

3. The part of a beaft that is under the 
neck, between the forelegs. 

4. The heart ; the confcience. Dsdtn. 

5. The paffions. QkuUy. 
To BREAST, -v. a. [from the noun.] To 

meet in front. Sbakeffar' 

BRE'ASTBONE. / [from brecjl inibonc.} 
The bone of the breaft j the rternum. 


ERE'AS THIGH, a. [from breaji and kigh.\ 
Up to the breaft. 

BRE'ASTHOOKS. / [from hreafl and huk.\ 
With fliipwrights, the compafiing timbers 
before, that help to ftrengthen the ftem, 
and ail the forepart of the ihip. Harris. 

BRE'ASTKNOT. /, [from irea,^ zed kr.ot.] 
A knot or bunch of ribbands worn by 
women on the breaft. Addfon. 

ERE'ASTPLATE./. [from breaji and piate.} 
Armour for the breaft. C'jtvhy. 

BRE'ASTPLOUGH. /. A plough ufed tor 
paring turf, driven by the breaft. Mortim. 

BR.E'ASTWORK./. [from breaft inA iick.] 

Works thrown up as high as the bresil id 

the defendants, da'^erjcn. 


B R E 

BR.EATH. /. rhji.«.-. Saxon.] 

1. Tiie air drawn in and ejstted out rf the 
hidy. Utok'fpearc. 

2. I.ife, Dfydcn. 

3. The ftate or power of breathing freely. 


4. Refpiration. Mibon. 

5. Rel'pite ; paufL- ; relaxation. Sbikefp. 

6. B-':ezej moving air. u^Ut'j(,n. 

7. A fingle ad ; an inftant. Dryden. 
To BREATHE, -v. n. [from b'-eath.] 

1. Tr. draw in and throw out tii.; air by 
the lungs. Pop:. 

2. To live. Slj<ik4[>ea' e . 

3. To reft. Rojiowmon. 

4. To p.ifs by breathing. Shukcpejre, 
T'J BREaTKE. -v. a. 

1- To iiifi-irtf into one's own bodv, and 
expire nut ct i'. Dr\dcii. 

2. To injetl by brcs'hing. DlCJ)' of Ficy. 

3. To ejtrt by brcati.i.og, ' ^p^ilatcr. 

4. 'i'o exercife, Shak(f/>i;ire. 

5. To move or aflu-.te by brea:h. Pfior, 

6. T.) utter privareiy. Siuksff^eare, 

7. To ylvc air or vent to. Dijd.n. 
BRt'ATKER. /. [from bresthe.1 

1. One that breathes, or hves. Stakfb, 
Z- One that utters any thing. Siak-'ipcare. 
3. liifpirer ; one that animates or infufes 
by iril'piration, Norris. 

B1<.E'ATHING. /. [from Lreathe.] 

J. Aipiration ; fecret prayer. Pti.r. 

% Breithing place j vent. Diylfn. 

BRE'ATKLESS. a. [from breath.^ 
J. Oat <jf breath j fpent with ijbour. 


2. D-ad. Pnoy. 
BRED, latiicip, paJT. [fiom /■!? breed. 'j 

BREDE. /. See Braid. ^dd,j.„. 

BREECH. /. [fuppofed from bpscnn, Sax. ] 

1. The lower part of the body, Hufzi'/ud. 

2. Bri:eches. 8haL-fpfate, 

3. The hinder part of a piece of ordnance. 
To BREECH, "v. a. [from the noun, j 

1. To put into breeches. 

2. To fit any thing with a breech j as, to 
breech a gun. 

BRE'ECHEsi. /. [bpec, Saxon.] 

i. The gaimeut worn by men over the 
lower part of the body. Hhakeft-care. 

2. To wear tlie breeches, is, in a vile, to 
ufurp the authoiity of the hufband. 

i.'' Eftra^tge. 

To BREED. <y. a, prefer. I bred, I have 
bred, [bpaban, Saxon.] 

1. To jjrocrcate j tt.' generate, Rofcommon. 

2. To occafion ; to caufe j to produce. 

Af ham. 

3. T ' ontrive ; to hatch ; to plot.' Sbuk. 

4. To fMO'iuce from one's lelf, Locke. 

5. To ^ive birth to. Hooker. 

B R E 

6. To educate ; to quality by cdi'icati.on. 


7. To bring up ; to take care of. Diydsn. 
To BREED. IK n. 

1. To bring young. Sp.Eiutor. 

2. Toencreafe by new prfduflion. Ra 'cigk. 

3. To be produced ; to have birth. Z?f;,7/. v. 

4. To ra fe a breed. Moi tim^r. 
BREED. /. [from the verb.] 

1. A caf* ; a kind j a fubdivifion of 
fpecie?. Rofcommon. 

2. Progeny ; f:fr»pring. Shjk fpeai-e. 

3. A number produced at once ; a h.itch. 

BRE'EDBATE. /. [from breed and bate.] 
Onf. that breeds q'.iarrels. Hhjhjpeare. 

BRE'KDER. /. [frcm breed.] 

1. That which produces any thing, Shjk, 

2. 'I'he perfon which brings up another. 


3. A female that is prolifick. i^buk-Jp. 

4. One that takes care to raife a breed. 

BRE'EDING. /. [from ,^rffr/.] 

1. Education j inftru<ftion j ijualifications. 

Sbak I'pciire. 

2. Manners ; knowledge of ceremony. 


3. Nurture. Miltoi. 
BREEiE. /. [bpioj*a, Saxon.] A flinging 

fly. Drydcn. 

BilEEZE. /. [biezxa, Ital.] A gentle gale. 

BRE'EZY. ad. [from breix\] Fanned with 

giles. Pol e. 

BREME. a. Cruel; fliarp j fever?. 

TRENT, a. Birnt. Sper.Jer. 

BRET. /". A U(h of the turbua kind. 
BRE'THREN. /. [Thi plural oi brother.] 

BRE'VIALY. /. [bre-vialte, Fr.] 

I. An abridgement ; an epitome. Aybjfe. 

2- The book containing the daily lervice 

of the church of Rome. 
ERE'VJAT. /. [from/Td-y/i.] A fhort com- 
pendium. Decay of Pietf, 
BRE'VlATURE. /. [fiom brevio, Lat.] An 

BREVI'ER./. A particular fizeoffmall 

letter ufed in printini. 
BRE'VITY. /. [brc'L'ftas, Lat.] Concife- 

nefs ; fhortncfs. Dryder.. 

To BREW. -u. a. \_brouiuev, Dutch.] 

1. To make liquors by mixing feveral in- 
gredients. Aldlon, 

2. To prepare by mixing things together. 


3. To contrive ; to plot. M^'otion. 
To" BREW, -v, n. To perform the office of 

a brewer. Shakefp.are. 


B R 1 

feREW. J. [from the verb.] Manner of 

br-wing. Bacon. 

BR.E'VVAGE. /. [irom Ire'zu.] Mixture of 

various things. ^hikf/fiesre. 

feRE'WER. A man whofe profcirion it is 

to make b>er. TiHotion. 

BRE'WHOUbE. /. {from breio and hrufe.} 

A houfe ap&roprijted to brewing. Baioii. 
BRE'WING.'/. [from^rrty.j Quantity of 

Jiquor brewed. 
BRE'WIS. /. A piece of bread foalced in 

boiling fat pottage, made of fdlted meat. 
BRIBE. /. {Bribe, in trench.] A reward 

given to pervert the jad(2menti Waller. 
To BRIBE, -v. a. [from the noun.] To gain 

by bribes. 
BRl'BER. /. [from in'be.'] One that pays 

tor corrupt 'praftices. 
BRl'BERY. f. The crime uf taking rewards 

for bad practices. Bacon. 

BRICK. /. [brifk, Dutch.] 

1. A mafs of burnt clay. Addijon, 

2. A loaf ftaped like a brick. 

To BRICK. -J. a. [from the noun.] To lay 

with bricks. Stuifi' 

BRI'CKB.^T. /. [from Zr/d and bat.] A 

piece of brick. Bacon. 

BRl'CKCLAY. /. [from brick zni day.] 

Clay ufed f^r making brick. Woodicard. 
BRI'CKDUST. /. [from bnck and duj].] 

Duft made by pounding bricks. Spe&citor, 
BRICK-KILN. /. [from brick and kiln.] h 

kiln J a place to burn bricks in. 

Decay of Piety, 
BRI'CKLAYER. /. [from i//<*and lay.] A 

brick- mafon. Donne. 

BRI'CKMAKER. /. [from brick and make] 

One whofe trade is to make bricks. 

BRI DAL. a. [from bride.] Belonging to 

a weddmg ; nuptial. TValfo^ Pope. 

BRI'DAL. /. The nuptial feftlval. Herbert. 
BRIDE. /. [bpyb, Saxoni] A v/oman new 

married. Smith. 

BRI'DEBED./. [irom bride &T.A bed,] Mar- 

riage-bed. Frior, 

BRl'DECAKE. /. [frem bride ^ni cake.] A 

cake diilnbutcd to the guefls at the wedd- 

in-g. Ben Jobnjon. 

BRI'DEGROOM^/v [from bride and^roow.] 

A new married man. Dryden. 

BRI'DHMEN. ? /. The attendants on 
BRI'DEMAIDS, 5 the bride and bride- 

BRI'CESTAKE. /. [from bride and flake.] 

A poft fee in the ground, to dance round. 

Ben Johrfon. 

ERl'DEWELL. /. A houfe of corre<5lion. 


BRIDGE. /. [bpK, Saxon.] 

I. A building ra:fcd over water for the 

convenience of pali'age. Dryden. 

a. The upper part of the nofe. Bacon, 


^. The fupporter of the firings in flringej 

inrtruments of muflck. 
To BRIDGE. 1,. a. [from the noun.] To 
. raifc a bridge over any place. Milton. 

BRI'DLE /. [br,de, Fr.] 

1. The headftail and reins by which a horfe 
is reftrained and governed. Dryden, 

2. Atilhjint; a curb ; a check. Cljren, 
To BRi'DLE. -u. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To guide by a bridle. .^dJifon. 

2. T<i red rain ; to govern. JKider, 
To BRI DLE. -v. n. To h.'ld up the head, 
BRl'DLEHAND. /. [frcm bridle ^ni band.] 

The hand vshich holds the bridle in riding. 
BRIEF, a. [bre'vis, Lat.j 

I. Short ; concife. Collier. 

2 Contracted ; narrow. Shakej'peare. 

BRIEF. /. [bnef, Dutch.] 

1. A writing of any kind. Shakel'teare, 

2. A fiiort extradf, or epitome. Bacciu 

3. The writing given the pleaders, con- 
taining the cjfe. S'u;'ft. 

4. L-rters patent, giving licence to a cha- 
rit.blc coUcflion. 

5.' [In muHck.] A meafure of quantity, 
which contains two ftrokes down in beat- 
ing time, and as many up. Harris, 

BRI'EFLY. ad. [from brief.] Conciftly j 
in few words. 

BRl'EFNESS. /. [from brief] Concifenefs j 
fhortnefs. Cdmden, 

BRI ER. /. A plant, Dr.iyto». 

BRI'ERY. a. [from ^mr.] R)ugh} full 
of briers. 

BRIGADE. /. y>rigade, Fr.] A divifion 
offerees ; a body of then. PbiliDs, 

BRIG ADI'ER General. An officer j next in 
order helow a major general. 

BRI'GAND. /. [brigand, Fr.] A robber. 

BRl'GANDINE. 7 y. ff..,^ i^,-^„^j 

BRI'GANTIN'E. 5 '' '■ ^ ■' 

•I. Alight veffel ; fuch as has been for- 
merly ufed by corfairs or pirates. 0f7(vjv. 
2. A coat of mail, Milton. 

BRIGHT; a. [beopr, Saxon.] 

1. Shining J glittering j fujl of light. 

Dr ^den, 

2. Clear; evident. /Jatit, 

3. Illuflrious ; as, a bright reign, 

4. VVittv ; acute ; a bright genius. 
To BRIGHI'EN. 1'. a. [from bright.] 

I, To make bright ; to make to fhine. 

a. To make luminous by light frcm viirh- 
out. Fh.l'.tt, 

3. To mske gay, or alert. Miltcv, 

4. To make illurtrious. Stvift, 
e. T'^ make acute. 

To BRI GHTE^f. 1'. n. To grow bright ; 

to clear up, 
BRI'GHTLY, ad. [from bright] Splcn- 

didly; with lufke, Fofe. 


B R I 

ERl'GKTNESS. /. [from bright.] 

1. Luftrc ; fpl«ndour. South, 

1. Acut'Ticls. Piior. 

ERI'..LIANCY. /. [Ucm briUiant.] Luftre j 

ERl'l.LIANT. a. lhnUant,Yt.'\ Shining; 

fpaikliiig. Dorjef, 

BRILLIANT. /. A diamond of the fineft 

cut. D'^yden. 

BRILLIANTNESS. /. [from brilliant.^ 

Splendour ; luflre. 
BHIM. /. [brim, Icehndifh.] 

I. The edge of any thing. BJcon. 

■z. The upper edge of any velTel. Crajhiitv. 

3. The top of any liquour. Jojhuah. 

4. The bank, of a fountain. Drayton, 
To B'^IiVf. -v. a. [from the noun.] To fill 

the top. Dryden. 

To BRIM. "v. n. To be full to the brim. 

BRrMFUL. a. [from brim and full.] Full 

t<i the top. yiddifon, 

BRI'MFULNESS. /. [horn briwful. Fnlnefs 

to the top. Shakefpcure. 

BRI MivIER. /. [from brim.} A howl full 

to the top. Dryden, 

BRIMSTONE. /. Swlphur. ^/bfwj'-r. 

BRI^vbTONY. a. [from britnjionc] Full 

of biimftonc. 
ERI'NDED. a. [ brin, Fr. a branch. ] 

Streaked ; tabby. Mdion. 

BRI'NDLE. /. [from brinded.] The ftate 

of heinc brinded. Clarijli. 

BRI'NDLliD. a. [Uombr indie.] B.inded; 

ftreaksd. Mdifon. 

BRINE. /. 

I. Water impregnated with fait. Bacon. 

z. The fea. Milton. 

-5. Tears, Sbakeffeare. 

BRI'NEFIT. /. [from ^r/ne and pit.] Pit 

of fait water. Sbakcjpeare. 

To BRING, -v. a. [hpm^an, Sax. preter. 

I Lro.'gkt I part. ^iti. brought \ bpjht, 

Saxiui. I 

1. Tj fetch from another place. Teirplf, 

2. To convey in one's ov;n hand ; not to 
fend. D'ydcv. 

3. To produce ; to procure. Baron, 

4. To caufe to come. Stillingjieet, 

5. To introduce. Tat/er, 

6. To reduce ; to recal, Sfeffater. 

7. To attraft ; to draw along. Neicton, 
S. To put into any particular Itate, S-^i/t, 

9. To conducV. Locke. 

10. To recal; to fun:mon5. Dryden. 

11. To induce; to prevail upon., 
iz. To bi:ng\about. To bring to pifs j to 
effjdt. ^'Jdrfon, 
J 3. To hri!:g fjrth. To give birth to; 
to prod in e. Miiton. 
14, To hringin. To reduce, Spcijfr. 
1 1, To bring in. To aft' ffd gain, ^<}u;lt, 

B R O 

16. To bring off. To clear; to procure^ 
to be acquitted. T'lllotfor.i 

17. To bring on. To engage in aini>'n. 

Bdcor.. • 

18. To bring ever. To draw to a new 
party. S'wifi. 

19. To bring out. To exhibit ; to fhew. 


20. To bring under. To fubdue } to re- 
piefs. Baccn, 
ai. To bring up. To educate j to inftruft. 


2a. To bring up. To bring into pra£life. 


BRl'NGER. /. {from bring.] The perfon 

that brings any thing. Sbakelp?arc. 

BRINGER OP. Inilruiftor ; educator. 


BRINISH, a. [from brine.] Having the 

tafte of brine ; fait. Siakffpeare. 

BRI'NISHNESS. /. [from brinijh.] Salt- 

BRINK. /. [brir.k, Dani/h.] The edge of 
any place, as of a precipice or a river. 

BRI'NY, a. [from brine.] Salt. Addison. 
BRISK a. [bruf<^ue, Fr.] 

J. Lively; vivacious; gay. Denkam, 

a.. Powerful ; fpirituous. Philip!, 

3. Vivid ; bright. Neivton, 

To BRISK UP. f'. n. To come up b»ifkly. 

BRl'SKET. /. [brichet, Fr.] The b.eaft of 

an animal, Mortimer. 

BRI'SKLV. ad. [from brijk.] Aftively ; 

vigoroufly. Boyle, Ray. 

BRI'SKNESS. /. [from brif<.] 

I, Livelmefs ; vigour ; quicknefs. South, 
1. Gayety, D'yden. 

BRI'STLE. /. [bpij-tl, Sax.] The ftiff 
hair of fwine. Grew, 

To BRI'STLE. -v. a. [from the niui.] To 
ereft in bridles. Sbak fp-are. 

To BRI'STLE. T. «. To fland eredl as 
bridles. Dryden. 

BRI'STLY. a. [from brijlle.] Thirk (tt 
with briftles. Bentley. 

BRI'STOL STONE. A kind of foft dia- 
mond found in a rock near the city of 
Briftol. lyood'zi.'arti. 

BRIT. /. The name of a fifli. ■ Cirew. 
BRITTLE. ,z. [bjiittan, Saxon.] Fragile; 
apt to break. Bacon. 

BRl'TTLENESS. /. [from h-ittlt.] Apt- 
nefs to break, Boyle, 

BRIZE. /. The gadfly. Spenfef. 

BROACH. /. [brocbe, Fr.] A fpir. 

To BROACH, -v. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To fplit ; to pierce as with a fpit. 


2. To pierce a veflel in order to draw the 


3. To 

B R O 

3. To open any ftore. KnoUei. 

4. To give our, cr utter any thing. 


5. To let out aoy thing. Hudihrau 
BRO'ACHER. /. [horn broach.'\ 

1. A (pit. Dry den. 

2. All opener^ or utteier of any thing. 

Decay of Fifty. 
BROAD, a. [bjrat,, Saxon,] 

I. Wide; cxlenQcd in bieadth. Temple. 
z. Large. 

3. Cicsr ; open. Decay of Futy. 

4. Grofs ; coarl'e. Dryden. 

5. Oblcene j fulfom. Drydcn. 

6. Bold J not delicate ; not referved. 

BROAD at long. Equal upon the whule. 

U EJirange. 
BROAD CLOTH./, [from iJrojrfand c.V^.] 

A fine kind of cloth. Siuift. 

To ERO'ADEN. -v. n. [from hroad.'\ To 

grow broad. Tbomton, 

BRO'ADLY. ad, [from iroaJ.] In a bioad 

ERO'AD.VESS. /. [(fOv^ Iroad.^ 

1. Bieadth ; extent fr<im fide to fide. 

2. Coarfenefs 5 fulf>^mnefs. Drydcn. 
ERO'ADSIDE. /. [Uom broad zniftde.^^ 

I. The fide Ota ftip. Walter. 

1. The volly of fhot fired at once from the 
fi'^e of a fhip. 
BRO'ADSWORD. /. A cutting fword, 
w!th a bro^d blade. Wifeman. 

BRO'ADWISE. "'/. [from irffcJ and Wf.] 
According to the diredion of the breadth. 

BROC.VDE. /. [brocado. Span.] A filkeii 
fluff, variegated. Fi^e, 

BROCA'DED, a. [from brocade.] 
J. Drelt in brocade. 
z. Woven in the manner of a brocade. 

BRO'CAGE. /. [from broie.] 

1. The gain gutcen by promoting bargains, 


Z. The hire given for any unlawful office. 


3. The trade of dealing in old things. 

Ben yohnj'an, 

SRO'CCOLI. /. A fpecies of cabbage. 


BROCK. /. [bfioc, Saxon.] A badger. 

BRG'CKET. /. A red deer, two years old. 

BROGUE. /. [l>,og, Irifli.] 

1. A Jiind of ihoe. Sivift. 

Z. A corrupt di.ile£^. 

To BROIDER. -v.^a. [brod:r,FT.'\ To 
adorn wiih figures of needle-wotk. 


BRC'IDERY. /. [from braider.] Embroi- 
dery ; flower- work. Ticiell. 

BROIL./. Ibrmtler, Fi.] A tumult; a 
^uajiel, yf'ekc. 

B R O 

To BROIL, v.a, [bruler, Fr.] Todrff, 

or cook by laying on the coals. DryJ.n 

To BROIL, -v. n. To be in the heat. ihnk. 

To BROKE, -v. n. To contracl bufinefs io- 

BRO'KEN. \p,irti.paff. oi break.] Hoci^r. 

BRO'KENHEARTED. a. [fr. m brcken and 
beart.] Having the fpirits crufhed by 
grief or fear. Jfaiah. 

BRO'KENLY. ad. [from broken.] With- 
out any regular feries. HokezvelU 

BRO'KER. /. [from to brck^.] 

1. A factor j one that docs bufinefs for 
ariOther. Tetr.ple. 

z. One who deals in old houfhold goods. 
3- Apimo; a match-maker. SbuLfpeare. 

BKO'KERAGE. /. [from broker.] The 
pay or reward of a broker. 

BRO'NCHOCELE. /. [^poyxo^rx^.] A tu- 
mour of that part of the afpcra arteria, 
called the bronchos. 

ERO'IvCHIAL. 7 a. [^pcVK:^] Belonging 

BRO'NCHICK.5 to the throat, yirbutbnot. 

BRONCHO'TOMY. /. [2p:^xcf and tJ^v.v.] 
That operation which opens the windpipe 
by incilion, to prevent fuffucation. Sb irp, 

PROND. /. See Brand. Spinier. 

BRONZE. /. [brotix;] Fr, 

I. Brafs. Pope. 

Z. A meJal. Prior, 

BROOCH. /. [broke, Dutch ] A jewel ; 
an ornarr.ent of jewels. Shake pcare. 

To BROOCH, -v. a. [from the noun. ] To 
adorn witli jewels. Hbukcjpejre, 

To BROOD, -v. n. [bp-rdan, Saxon, j 

1. To fit on eggs; to hatch them. Afiltcn, 
Z. To cover chikens under the wing. Dryd. 

3. To watch, or confider any thing anxi- 
oufly. Dr\den. 

4. To mature any thing by care. B.Kun, 
To BiiOOD. f, J. To cherilh by care ; 

to hatch. Dry den, 

BROOD. /. [from the verb.] 

I. Offspring ; progeny. Fairfax. 

Z. Generation. Jlddtfon, 

3. A hatch ; the number hatched at once. 


4. Something brought forth ; aprodudion, 


5. The a£t of covering the eggs, ^hakeip, 
BRO'OOy. a. [Uom brocd.] In a ftate of 

fitting on the eggs. B.ay, 

BROOK, f. [tji.)C, Saxon.] A running wa- 
ter ; a rivulet. I.oike, 

To BROOK, 'v. a. [bpucan. Sax.] To 
bear ; to endure. i)Outb, 

To BROOK, 'u.n. To endure ; to be con- 
tent. Sidmy. 

6R00KL1ME. /. [becaburfa, Lat.] Afoit 
of water. SpteJivell. 

BROOM, j. [bpom, Saxon.] A ihrub ; 

a belom (o called frum the matter of which 

it i« made. yirl.urhn«t. 


B:R U 

B R U 

BR O'OVILAND. /. [irswK ind Isii^.} Land BRUISE. /• A hurt with fomethinrr ^^lnt 
that bears broorti, Morti)r:ir, and heavv. L'ly.ien. 

Bi'O'OMS TAFF. /. The fiaff to which BRU'ISEWORT. /. Comfrey. 

the hroom is bound. 
BRO'OMY. a. IhomLrocK.] Full of bi-oom. 
BROTH. /. [bfi./g, Sax.] Liquour in which 
fiL'/li i- bnled. iioutbLn:e. 

BROTHEL. - ? /. {bordel, Fi.j A 

BRO THELKOUSE. ^ bawdyhoufe. 

BRO'THER. /. [bprSrri, Sixon.] Plural, 

brolhei-s, or b>iti.'rcn, 
I. One born of the fame father or mo- 
ther, Dar.iel. 
%. Any one clofely united. Shayj]>eare. 

3. Any one releinbling another in manner, 
lorm, or profeliion. Pro-verbs. 

4. Brother isufed, in theolcgicallanguage, 
tor TOAn in general. 

BROTHERHOOD. /. [from brother and 
hood. ] 

i. Tiie flate or quality of being a brother. 

BRUIT. /. [bruit, Fr.] Rumi>ur ; roife ; 

report. iiidney. 

To BRUIT. 7^ a. [frcm the noun.] To 

rep.nt ; to noife abroad, Raleigh, 

ER.U'M.^L. ,T. [foiw^j/n, Lat.] Bel nging 

to the winter. Broztn. ■ 

BRUNETT. /. [bruvetie, Fr.] A woman 

with a brown complexion, yUadifon. 

•BRUNT. /. [Irttrji, Dutch.] 

1. Shock J violence. South. 

2. Blow 5 rtroke. Iludihras. 
BRUSH. /. [brojle, Fr, from brufcus, Lat.] 

I. An inftrument for rubbing. SttUingJicet. 
2 Arudeafidult; a /hock. Clartr.d'jn, 
To BRUSH, v.a. [from the noun.] 

I. To fweep or rub with a brufl). Shak'Jp, 
1, To ftrilce with quicknefs. Spenjer, Pope. 
3. To paint with a brufli. Pope, 

To BRUSH, -v. n. 

I. To move with hafte. Priof. 

2-. To fly over ; to jkim lightly. Dryden, 
Z- An aiTociation of men for any purpofe J BRU'SHER. /. [ixom bruJJj.'^ He that ufes 

a brufh. Baon. 

a fraternity. D^-vies 

3. A clafs of men of the fame kind, 


a. [from brother.'^ NjIu- 

fach as becomes or befeems 

Den ham. 

ad. After the manner of 



ral to brothers : 
a brother. 


a br'jlher. 
BROUGHT, [farti. p-iffi-ve of hnritr.] 

BROW. /. [tHT''. Saxon.] 

1. The arch ot hair over the eye. Drxden. 

2. The forehead. JFalur. 

3. The general air of the countenance, 


4. The edge of any high place. [Fottoii, 
To BROW. -v. a. To be at the edge of. 

BRU'SHWOOD. /. [from brufo znA ivood.] 
Rf.ugh, fhrubby thickets. Dryden. 

BRUSHY, a. [from bru/h.] Rough or 
fhaggy. Ii!:e a biufh. Beyle, 

ToBRU'STLE. -v. n. [bja-;pt'nn, Saxon.] 
To crackle. Skinner, 

BRU TAL. a. [brutal, Fr. from brute.] 

1. That which belongs to a brute. 


2. Savage; cruel; Inhuman. Diydtn, 
BRUTA'LITY. /. [brutalite, Fr.] Savage- 

refs ; churhfhneis, Locke. 

To BRUTA'LIZE. -v.n, [brutalizer, Fr.] 

To grow brutal or favage. Addijon. 

To BRUTA'LIZE. v. a. To make brutal 

or fava^e. 

To BRO'WBEAT, v. a. [from hroia and BRU'TALLY. ad. [from brutal.] Chur- 

bcat.] To deprefs with flern look 

ERO'WBQUND. a. Crowned. Shahfpcure. 
BRO'W.SICK. a. Dejeded. Suckling. 

BROWN, a. [bj^un, Saxo;l.J The name 

of a colour. Peachcim, 

BRO'WNBILL. /. The ancient weapon of 

the Engiifh loot. - Hudibra^. 

XSRO'WNESS. /. [from broicn.J A brown 

colour. Sidney, 

BRO'Vv^N STUDY. /. [from bro%vn and 

p"dy.] Gloomy meditations. Norns, 

To BROWSE, v.'a. [broujer, Fr.] To eat 

branches, or /hrubs. Sfetiier. 

To BROWSE, -v. n. To feed. 

Shjkej'fi'-Lire, Black'vore. 
SR.OWSE. /. Branches, 'fit for the t^.od of 

goats. Philips. 

■yo BRUISE, -v. a. [brifer, Fr.] To 

er ip.aiigle with a heav^y blow. Mikot:, 

iftJy ; inhumanly 
BRUTE, a. [brut:,.', Lat.] 
T. Senfelefs ; unconfcious 

2. Savage j irrational. 

3. Rough ; ferocious, 
BRUTE, }; 


A creature without reafon, 


BRU'TENESS. /. [from brute,] Brutality, 

To BR.U'TIFY. •v,a.. To make a man a 
brute. Congreve, 

ERU'TISH, a. [from brute.] 

1. Beftial ; releinbling a beafi:, 

2. Roupli ; favage ; ferocious, Gre'iU^ 

3. Grofs ; carnal. South. 

4. Ignorant ; untaught. Hooker. 
BRU'TiSKLY. ad. [from irutiJJj.] In the 

manner of a brute. A. Charles. 

BRU'TISHNESS. /. [from brutijh.] Erur 

Ulity ; favagenefs. Sprats 

B U C 

BRyONY, /. \_bryonla, Lat.] A plant. 

BUB. /. [a cant word.] Strong malt li- 
queur. Prior, 

BU'BBLE. /. [khile, Dutch.] 

I. A rrridil bladder of water, Neivtort, 
I. Any thing which wants foiidity and 
firmnefs. Bacon, 

3. A cheat ; a falfe fliow. iiivtfi, 

4. The perfjn cheated. Prior, 
To BU'BBLE. -v. n. [from the noun.] To 

rife in bubbles. To run with a gentle 
noife. Dryd^n, 

To BU'BBLE. v. a. To cheat. Md-.fon'. 

BU'BBLER. /. [ixom bubhli.'\ A cheat. 


BU'BBY. /. Aivoman'sbrearr. Arhuitn't. 

BU'BO. /. \Qut.-2\.'\ The groin from ihe 
bending ot the thigh to the I'crotur.i ; all 
tumours in that part are called buboes, 

BURONOCE'LE. /. [(3:iC>!v, and v^{\n.^^ A 
particuUr kind of rupture, when the in- 
teftines break down into the grom. Si^arp, 

BUCANI'ERS. /. A cant word for the pri- 
vateers, or piratss, of America. 

BUCK, /; [baucLe, Germ, fuds.] 

1. The liquour in which cloaths are wa/h- 
ed, ' Shbk:Jpeare, 

2. The deaths wafiied in the liquour. 

BUCK. /. [bivcb, Welch.] The male of 

the fallow deer ; the male of rabbets, and 

other animals, ' Feacham, 

To BUCK. •v.a. [from the noun.] To Waft 

clothes. Hoakefpeare, 

To BUCK. 1'. n. To copulate as bucks and 

(Joes, Mortimer, 

BU'CKBASKET. /. The baf^et in which 

cloaths are carried to the wadi. Sbakejp, 
BU'CKBE.^^N. /. A plant } a fort of tn- 

fiil. Floysr. 

BU'CKET. /. [h.iquet, Fr.] 

1. The vclfel in which wdter is drawn out 
of a well. Hbakefpeare. 

2. The vefiels in which water is carried, 
particularly to quench a fire. Drydtn. 

EU'CKLE. /. [b^vccl, Welch.] 

1. A link of metal, with a tongue or catch 
made to faften one thing to another. Pope. 

2. The ftateof the hair crifped and cur- 
led. Speiialor, 

To BU'CKLE. v. a. 

J. To fallen with a buckle. PhUips. 

2. To prepare to do any thing. Spenfer. 

3. To join in battle. Hayivard, 
4.. To confiae, Skakj'ftars, 

To' BU'CKLE. -v. V. [backen, Germ,] 

I. To bend ; to bow. Sbak Jpeare, 

^. To buckk tr. To apply to. Locke, 

3, To buckle -with. To engage with, 


lUC'KLER. /. [^w.TV.'/jWelch.] A /hield, 



ToBU'CKLER. -v.a. [from the noun.] To 

fupport ; to defend. ^hakefnnre, 

BU'CKMAST. /. The fruit or mall of the 

beeth tree, 
BU'CKRAM. /. [bougran, Fr.] A fort of 

flrong linen cloth, fliffened with gum. 

BU'CKTHOilN. /. A tree. 
BUCO'LICK. a, Paftoral. 
BUD. /, [bouton, Fr.] The fitft Hioot of a 

p!<int ; a gim. Pir.r. 

To BUD. -v. n. [from the noun.] 

1. To put forth young flioots, or gems. 


2. To be in the bloom. Sbakifpeare. 
To BUD. T'. a. To inoculate. 'JeinfJe, 
To BUDGE, v. r. l^bouger, Fr.] To ftir. 

BUDGE, a. Stiff; formal. Milton. 

BUDGE. /. The dreilcd ilcin or fur of 

BU'DGER. /. [from the verb.] One that 

moves or itirs. 
BU'DGET. /. [bogetf^, Fr.] 

1. A bag fuch as may be eaiily carried. £.:, 

2. A Ucre, or ilock. L'-E/irm g-e, 
BUFF. /. [from buJ;li!o.] 

1. Leather prepared from the Ikin of the 
buffalo J ufed for wa.R belts, pouches, Ciic. 


2. A military coat. Sbakjpei^re, 
To BUFF. -v.a. [bufe, Fr.] Tolfrilie. 

John fen, 
BUFFALO. J. [Ital.] A kind of wild 'ox, 


BUTFET. /. {buffetto, Ital.] A blow with 
the fift. D ydcn. 

BUFFE T. f. A kind of cupboard. Pope. 

To BU'FFET. f. n. To box ; to bear. Oitc-y. 

To BU'FFET. -v.n. To play a boxicg- 
match. Shakffheare, 

BU'FFETER. /. [^rom^#^] A box-^r. 

BU FFLE. /. [be:'j]le, Fr.J Ttie fame with 

ToBUFFLE, -v.n. [from the noun.] Ta 
puzzle. 5ii'//;-. 

BUFFLEHEADED, a. Dull ; ftupid. 

BUFFOON. /. [buffov, Fr.] 

J. A man whole prote<hon is to make 
fport, by low jefts and antick pdlurts ; a 
jackpudding. J-ftJtts, 

a. A man that pradifes indecent raillerv, 

EUFFO'ONERY. /. [from buffoon.] 

1. The prafticc of a buffoon, Lcclc, 

2. L'Hvji'fls; fcurrile mirth. Di<,dai. 
BUG. /. A (linking infect bred in n!d 

houftiold fluff. r pe. 

BUG. 5 [bug, Welch.] Afrij-hMul 

BU'GBEAR. I objett; 3 falfe terrou . Pc;)^, 
BU'GGINESS. /, [from buggy.] The Itate 

of being infected with bugs 


B U L 

BU'GGY. a. [from bug.'\ Abounding with 

BU'GLE, 7 /. [from bujen. Sax,] 

BU'GLEHORN. % A hunting h^in. -Iicketi, 
BU'GLE. /. A Ihining bead cf black glafs. 

BU'GLE. /. A plant. 
BU GLOSS. The herb ox-tongue. 
To BUILD. V. a. preccr. 1 hurt, I have built, 
[hilden, Dutch.] 

1. To make a fabrick, or an edifice. 


2. To-ra'.fe any thing on a fupport or fouu- 
Cation. Boyle. 

To BUILD, -v. n. To depend on ; to reft 

©n. Hooker. 

BUILDER. /. [from iuilJ.} He that builds j 

an architect. Denham. 

BUl'LDING. /. [from build.'] A falri.k ; 

an C'iifice. trior. 

BUILT. /. Txhe form j the ftruaure. 
BULB. /. [bulbus, Lat.] A round body, or 

root. Evelyn. 

BULBA'CEOUS. a. [bulbaceas, Lat,] The 

fame with bulbous. 
BU'LBOUJ. a. [from bulb,] Containing 

bulbs. Eveiya. 

To BULGE. V. n. 

I. To take in water ; to founder. D-yden. 

3. To jut out. Moxon. 
BL'LIMY. /. .In enormous appetite. 
BULK. /. [bulk'., Dutch.] 

1. Magnitude j i\zi } quantity. Raleigb. 

2. The grofi ; the majority. iivift. 

3. Main/abvick. Shahjpeare. 
BULK. /. A part of a building juttir.g out. 


BU'LKHEAD. /. A partition made acrofs 
a fli'p with boards. Harris. 

BU'LKINESS. /. [from bulky.] Greatnefs 
of ilature, or fize. Locke. 

BU LKY. a. [from bulk.] Of great fize or 
flature. Drydcn. 

BULL. /. [bulle, Dutch] 

I. Tne male of black cattle. May. 

a. In the fcripturai fenfe, an enemy pow- 
erful, and violent. Pfaims, 

3. Or.e of the twelve fgns of the zodiack. 


4. A letter publifhed by the pope. 


5. A blunder. Pvfe. 
BULL, in compofition, generally notes large 

BULL-BAITING. /. [from /«//and bait.] 

The fport of baitirg bulls with digs. 
BULL-BEGGAR. /. Something terrible. 

BULL DOG. /. A dog of a particular form, 

remarkable for his courage. Addijon, 

BULL-HEAD. /. [from bvU and head.] 

I. A fiii-.u ielkw. 


2. The name of a fiih. Walton. 

BULL-WEED. /. Knapweed. 
BULL-WORT, Bifh-ps-weed. 
BU'LLACE. A wild four plum. Bacon. 
BU LLET. /. \boukt, f r.] A round bail of 

metal. Knoiles. 

BU LLION. /. \bdlon, Fr.] Gold or filver 

in the lump unwrought. Lotke. 

BULLI' riON. /. [from bullio, Lat. j The 

a£l or ftdte of bciiling. Bacon, 

BU'LLOCK. /. [from bull.] A young bull. 

« Temple. 

BU'LLY, /. A ncify, bluftering, quarrell- 
ing ftJlow. yiddijen. 
To BU LLY. 1/. a. [from the noun.] To 

overbear with noife or menace?. King, 

BU'LRUSH. /. [from bull and rup.] A 

large tufh. Dryden, 

BU'LWARK. /. [boltverckc, Dutch,] 

I. A fortification ; a citadel. ./Iddifoti. 

z. A fecurity. Shakefptare. 

To BU'LWARK. To fortify. Addijon. 
BUM. /. [bomme, Dutch.] 

1. The part on which we lit. Skakeff-eare. 

2. It is ufed, in compofition, for any thing 
mean or low, as bumbailiff. 

BUMBA'ILLIFF. /. [from bum and bailiff.] 
A biiliff of the mtanelt kind ; one that is 
employed in arrells, Shuk^fpeare, 

BUMBARD. /. \_bombard.] 

BUMBAST. /. [bomhafi.] 

BUMP. /. A fweiljng j a protuberance. 


ToBUMP. v. a. [from iflwiaj, Lat.] To 
make a loud noife. Drydcr^ 

BU'Ml'ER. /. A cup filled. Dryden. 

BU'MHKIN. /. An awkward heavy ruf- 
tick. VEJlrargi. 

BU'MPKINLY. a. [Uomhumhn.] Having 
the manner or appearance of a ciown. 


BUNCH. / [buncker, Danilh.] 

1. A hard lump ; a knob. Boyle, 

2. A clufter, Shah'fpcare, 

3. A number of things tied together. 


4. Any thing bound into a knot. Upevfer, 
To BUNCH, -u. ft. To grow out in protu- 

b"rances. Woodivard. 

BUNCfiBA'CKED. a. Having bunches on 

the back. 
BU NCHY. a. Growing into bunches. 

BU'NDLE. /. [by..>3!e, Sax.] 

I. A number ot things bound together. 

1. Any thing rolled up cylindrically. 

m Sfeflator, 
To BU'NDLE. V. a. To tie in a bundle, 

BUNG. /. Ibirg, Wek"h.j A flopple for a 
barrel. Mortimer^ 

Jo BUNG. To flop. 



BU'NGHOLE. /. The hole at which the 

barrel is fillea. Sbakefpeare, 

To BU'NGLE. v, n. To perfortn clnmfily. 

To BUNGLE, v. a. To botch ; to manage 

clumfilv. Shnkejpcarc. 

BU'NGLE. /. [from the verb.] A botch ; 

an awkwardnefs. Ra\'. 

BUNGLER. /. ILiL'tigler, Welch.} A bid 

workman. Peathaw. 

BU NGLINGLY. ad. Clumfily ; awkwafd- 

]v. Eerjiey. 

BUNN. /. Akindof fweetbread. Gjy. 
BUNT. /. An incieafing cavity, Cartiu, 
To BUNT. To (well out. 
BUNTER. /, Any low vulgar vvom^n. 
BU'NTING. /. The name of a bird. 

BUOY. /. [icue, or ioye, Fr. A piece o-f 

cork or wood riuat;ng, tied to a weight. 

To BUOY. V. a. To keep afloat. K. Cba'ies. 
To BUOY. -v. n. To float. Pope. 

BUO'VANCY. /. [from buoyant.'^ The 

quality of tioatmg. Derham. 

BUO'YANT. a. Which will not fink. 

BUR. /. \_bourre, Fr.] A tough head of a 

plant. M'cttoT;, 

BURBOT. /. A filh full of prickles. 
BU RDEL.AlS. /. A fort of grape. 
P.U'RDEN. /. [bypSen, Sax.] 

I. A load. Bacon. 

1. Something grievous, Locke. 

3. A birih. Shakefpeaie, 

4. The veife repeated in a fong, Dryde«, 
To BURDEN, -v. a. To load j to incum- 
ber. Cor, viii, 

"BU'RDENER. /. {itomburden.'[ A loader j 

an oppreffour. 
BU'RDENOUS. a. [from burden.} 

I. Grievous; oppreflive. Sidrey, 

a. Ufelefs. Milton. 

BU'RDENSOME. a. Grievous ; trouble- 

fome. Milton. 

EU RDENSOMENESS. /. Weight ; unea. 

BU RDOCK. /. See Doc k . 
BUREAU'. /. \bureuu, Fr.J A ch^ft of 

drawers. Simft. 

BURG./. See Burrow, 
BU'RGAGE. /. [from burg.} A tenure 

proper to cities and towns. Hale. 

BU'RGAMOT. /. [bcrgamotts, Fr.} A fpe- 

cies of pear. 
BURGANET, or Bur go net. [from bcur- 

gmote, Fr, j A k.nd of helmet, 

BURGEO'IS. f. [bourgeois, Fr.] 

1. A citzen j 4 oi.rgefs. /Iddijln. 

a. A ivpeof .1 1' rticular fiz'^, 
EU'RGESS. /. [lo.rgeoii, Fr.] 

I. A ctizt;,! j a frswTian yf a city. 


3. A reprefentative of a town corporajf, 
BURGH. A corporate town or burrow. ' 


BU'RGHER. /. [from burgh.} One wh.» 
has a right to certain privileges in this or 
that place. Knoiles, Locke. 

BU'RGHERSHIP. /. [(torn burgher.} The 
prA'ilege of a burgher. 

BU'RGLARY. /. Robbing* houfeby night, 
or breaking in with an intent to rob. 


EUTxCOMASTER. /. [from burg an* 
mifter.} One employed in the government 
of a city, Addijon. 

BU'RIAL /. [from 1-0 /«ry,] 

1. The atl of burying j fepulture ; inter- 
Wienr. Dryden. 

2. The ad of placing any thing under 
e*rth. Bacon, 

3. The «hurch fervice for funerals, 

BU'RIER. /. [from bury.} He that buriey. 
BU'RINE. f. [French.] A graving cool. 

Go'vernment of thi Tongue, 
BU'RLACE. /. [for burdJais. A fort of 

To BURL. -v. a. To drefs cloth as fullers 

BURLESQUE, a. [burhre, ItaJ. to jefl.J 

Jocular ; tending to raife laughter, Addijon, 
BURLE'SQUE. /. Ludicrous language. 

To BURLE'SQUE. v. a. To turn to ridi- 

cii'e, Broome. 

BU'RLINESS. /. Bulk ; blufler. 
BU'RLY. a. Great of ftature. Co-why. 

To BURN. v. a. [bepnan, Saxon,] 

I. To confume with fire. Sharps 

z. To wound with fire. E^oaus, 

To BURN, 7.. n. 

1. To be on fire. Rotve; 

2. To be inflamed with paflion. Shak/fp. 

3 . To a£l as fire. IShakeJpeare. 
BURN. /, A hurt caufcd by fire, Boyle. 
BU RNER, /. [from bum.} A perfon that 

burns any thing. 
BU'RNET. /. TiSe name of a plant. 
BU'RNING. /. State of inflammation. 

EU'RNING-GLALS. /. A glaff which col- 
lects the rays of the fun into a narrow 
compafs, and io increafes their force. 

To BU'RNISH, -v. a. {lurmr,Yi.} To po- 
ll fii. Dryden. 
To BU'RNISH. v. n. To grow bright or 
glotTy. i\ciflm 
To BU'RNISH. -v. n. To grow. 

D'-yder, CongrcfC, 
BU'RNrSKCR. /. [from h-n'^.} 

I. The peifon that burnifties or poli/hes. 
a. The 

fe u s 

t. The ta<-l with which bookbin>krs give 
a gkil'i to the leaves of books ; it is com- 
iTiodlv a dog's tvoth feV in a ftick. 

I^URNft. [pjrtiat.. paj. of Ai/rf>.] 

Burr. /". The looe or lap ai the ear. 

EU'RREf,. r. A ''irt of pear. 

EU'KREL Fly. Oxrty j gadbee ; breeze. 

BURREL S,bot. Small bullets, nails, ftcnes, 
dilcharf.ed out of the ordnance. Uartis, 

BU'RROW, /. [bujis, Saxon.] 

1. A ctjrpcrato town, that is not a city, 
but (uch as fends burgefles to the parlia- 
irient. A place fc?ced cr fortiiied. 

1.. The holes made in the ground by 
conie.s. Sbakefpeare. 

ToBU'RROW. iJ.ti. To mine, as conies 
or rahbite. Mortimer. 

BU'RSAR. /. [hrfariu!, Lat.] The trea- 
hirer ot a college. 

BURSE./. [^o»r/e, French ] An exchange 
whpre merchants meet. PhiHifs. 

To BURST, f- n. I An.y? ; I have burjl, or 
lurjlen. [bupj-tan, Saxon.] 

1. Tobnak, or fly open. Protierhi, 

2. To fly afunder. Sbakefpeare. 

3. To break -away J to fpring- Pope, 

4. To come fuddenly. Shckefpeare. 

5. To begin an a£lion violently. Arhuihmt. 
To BURST. 1). a. To break fuddenly 5 to 

make a auitk and violtnt difvuption. 

BURST. /. A fudden difrupticn. M>hov\ 
BURST. ? particip. a, Difeafed with 
B-U'RSTEN. 5 a hernia or rupture. 
IJU'RSTNE^S. /. A rupture. 
BU'RSTWORT. /. An herb good againfl 

BUP>.T. /■ A fiat M\ of the turbot kind. 
BU'RTHEN. /. See Burden. 
BU'RY. /. [frombuj-.j. Six.] A dwell- 

int;.p!aLe. PiiLips, 

To BU'RY. -v. a. [bypj^-an. Sax.] 

I. To inter j to put into a grave. Sbakefp. 

a. To inter with rites and ceremonies. 


3. To conceal ; to hide. Sbakefpeare. 

BUSH. /. [, Fr.] 

I. A thick (hrub. Sperfer. 

a. A bough of a tree fixed up at a door, 

to (hew that liquors are fold there. Sb:ik. 
To BUS^. -v. n. [from the noun.] To 

grow thick. Milton. 

BU'SHEL. /. [bo[[feau[ Fr.] 

1. A meafure containmg eight gallons ; a 
Itrike. Sbakefpeare. 

2. A large quantity. Dryaen. 
EU'SHINESS. /. [inm hffjy-'l The "qua- 
lity of being bufhv. 

EU'SHMENT. /. [from bufJ^.I A thicket. 

EU'SHY. a. [from hujh.] 

I. Thick i fuU of inaall branches. SflfSB. 


1. Full of bufhes. DryJcHt 

BU'SILESS. a. [fvomiafy.] At leifure. 

BU'SILY, ad. [from bufy.'] With hurry j 

a£^ivelv. Dryden, 

BU'SINESS. /. [fwm huly.'] 

1. Employment j multiplicity of affairs. 


2. An affair. Sbakefpeare, 

3. The fubieifl of aflion, Locke, 
^ij.. Serious engagement. Prior, 

5. Right of adlion. TJEjirange, 

6. A matter of queftion. Bacortk 

7. To da one's bu/inefs. To kill, deftioy^ 
or ruin him. 

BUSK. /. [b'4<fue, Fr.] A piece of fleel 
or whalebone, worn by Women to flrengtheh 
their /lays. Donne. 

BUSKIN, /. [brofkiv, Dutch. 3 

I. A kind of half boot 5 a flioe whicji 
comes to the midleg. Sidney. 

Z. A kind of high fhoe wore by the an- 
cient a£lors of tragedy. Smith, 

BU'SKINED. a. Dreffed in bufkins. Mslton. 

BU'SKY. a. Woody. Shakefpeara 

BUSS. /. [bus, the mouth, Irifh.] 

1. A kifs ; a falute with the lips. Pope. 

2. A boat for fifhing. \fvj]s, German.] 

, Templet 

To BUSS. v. a. To kifs. Sbakefpeare-. 

BUST. /. {bufto, Ital.] A flatue repVefent- 

ing a man to his breaft. yiddfortt 

BU STARD. /. {bijiarde, French.] A wild 

turkey. Mais-ivel/, 

To BU'STLE. -v. «. To be bufy ; to flir. 

BU'STLE. /. [from the verb,] A tumult, j 

a hurry. South. 

EU'STLER, /. [from b^Pe.] An adive 

flirring man. 
BU'SY. a. [t-yrsun, Saxon.] 

1. Emphyed vvi;h earneftnefs. Knollest 

2. Boftling ; aflive ; meddling. Davies. 
To BU'SY. 1/. a. To employ ; to engage. 

DiCay of Piety, 
BU'SYBODY. /. A vain, meddling, fan- 
tafticai perfon. lay or, 

BUT. corjuna. [bute, buican. Sax.] 

1. Except. Bacorit 

2. Yet ; neverthelefs. Bacem, 

3. The particle which introduces the mi- 
nor of a fyllogifm ; now, Bramhall, 

4. Only J noihing more than. B. Joinfcn. 
c.. Thdn. Guardian, 

6. But that. Dryden, 

7. O'.hervvile than that. Hooker, 

8. Not otherwife thaft. Dryden, 
g By any other means than, Sbakcfp, 

10. If it were not for this. Sbakefpeare, 

11. However; howbeit. Dryden, 
J2, Otherwife than. Sbakefpeare, 

13. Even; not longer ago than. Lf>cke, 

14, Yet it may be objeded. Bevtby, 

i5. But 

B u 1r 

, i;. But for; had not this been. Waller, 
But. /. \_bout, French.] A boundary. 


BUT. /. [In fea. language.] the end of 

any plank which joins to another. Harris, 

BUT- END, /. The blunt end of any thing. 


BU'TCFfER. /. \boucber, Fr.]' 

I. One that kills aninnals to fell their flefh. 

1. One that is delighted with blood. Locke, 

To BUTCHER, -v. a. To kill j to murder. 

BU'TCHER'S- BROOM, or Kneeholl'y. 
BU'TCHERLINESS. /. [from but.htrly.'^ 

A butcherly manner. 
BU'TCHERLY. a. [from iutcber.] Cruel j 
bloody ; barbarous. /ijcham, 


1. The trade of a butcher. Pofie, 

2. Murder ; cruelty, Sbakcffeari, 

3. The place where blood is flied. 6hak. 
BUTLER. /. [bouteiller, Fr.] A fervant 
, employed in furnifliing the table. Sivift. 
BUTLERAGE. /. The duty upon wines 

imported, claimed by the king's butler. 


EUTMENT. /. [aboutemtnt, Fr.] That 
part of the arch which joins it to the up- 
right pier. Wotfun, 

SUTr. / [tut, Fr.] 

1. The place on which the mark to be 
fhot at is placed. Dryden, 

2. The point at which the endeavour is 
direfled. Slakefpeare, 

3. A man upon whom the company break 
iheir jefts. SffBator, 

4. A ftroke given in fencing. Prior, 
BUTT. /. A veifel ; a barrel containing 

one hundred and twenty- fix gallons of wine. 

Stake p^are. 

To BUTT. 'u. a. To ftrike with the head. 

Wot ton. 
BUTTER. /. [ butte|ie, Saxon, ] An 

undluous fubftance made by agitating the 

cream of milk, till the oil feparates from 

the whey. 
to BUT I ER. V. a. [from the noun.] 

I. T(j fmear, or oil with butter. Shak. 

a. To encreafe the Aakes every throw. 

BUTTERBUMP. /. A fowl j thebittourn. 
BUTTERBUR. /. A plant. 
BUTTERFLOWER. /. A yellow flower 

of May. Cav. 

BUTTERFLY, /. [buttppple^e, Saxon'] 

A beautiful infeft. Spenfcr, 

BUTTERIS. /. An inftrument of fteel 

uied in paring the foot of a hnrfe. 
BUTTERMILK. /. The whey that is fepa- 

rated from the cream when butter is made. 


BUTTERPRINT. /. A pie«e of carved 

wood, ufed to maik butter, Lmke, 

B Y 

BtJTTERTOOTH. /. The great broaa 

BUTTER WOMAN. /. A woman that fe.h 

BUTTERWORT, /. A plant ; fanicle. 
BUTTERY, a. Having the appeaiance or 

qualities of butter. Flayer, 

BUTTERY. /. [from l>ufter.] The room 
, where provisions are laid up. Biatnpjlon, 
BUT rOCK. /. The rump j the part neac 

the tail. KnoUes, 

BUTTON. /, [botiion, Welch.] 

I. Any knob or ball. Boyle, 

7. The bud of a plant. Shakcfpeare, 

BUTTON. /, The fea-urchln. Ainjivcrtb, 
To BUTTON, -v. a. [from the noun.} 

1. To drefs ; to cioath. • fVottorim 

2. To fdfien With buttons. 
BUTTONHOLE, /. The lo-p in wKich 

the button of the cloaths is caught. 


BUTTRESS. /. [from ahoytir, Fr.] 

I. A prop J a wall built to fupport another* 


4. A prop ; a fupport. Souths 

to BU' TTRESS. v. a. To prop, 

BUTWINK. /. The name of a bird. 

BUTYRA'CEOUS. a. [butyrum, Lat. but- 
ter.] Hiving the qualities of butter. 

BUTVROUS, a. Having the properties of 
butter. Floyerm 

BU'XOM. a. 

1. Obedient ; obfequious. Milton, 

2. Gay ; lively ; bri/Ic. Crajhaiv. 

3. Wanton ; j 'lly. Dryden, 
BU'XOMLY, ad. [from buxom.'] Wanton- 
ly ; amoroufly. 

BU'XOM NESS. /. [horn buxom.] Wanton- 

nefs ; amoroufnefs. 
To BUY. -v. a. preter. I bought ; I have 

bought, [birjean. Sax.] 

1. To purchafe; to acquire by payings 
price, .Addifcr, 

2. To manage by money. South, 
To BUY. 'V. n. To treat about a purchafe, 

BUYER. /. He that buys ; a purchafer. 

To BUZZ. -v. V. [bixzen, Teut.] 

1. To hum 5 to make a noife like bees. 

2. Towhifper; to prate. Shukff>care, 
To BUZZ. v. a. Tofpread fecretly. .iffc-Wg^,' 
BUZZ. /. A hum j a whifper j a talk. 

BU'ZZARD. /. [bujard, Fr.] 

1, A degenerate or mean fpecics of hawk. 

2. A blockhead ; a dunce, Ajcham, 
BU ZZER. /, [fi»m iuxx.} A fecret whif- 

percr. iibak'fpeare, 

BY. prep. [H, hs. SaxQn.J 
I. it notft'xhe silent. 



*. It 

B Y 

2., It notes the inflruirjCnt, ' Dryden, 
3.' It notes the caufe. Addtfon. 

4. It notes the means by which any thing 
is performed. &bak<\peare. 

5. It fhews the manner of an adln n. 

Dry den. 

6. It has a fignification, noting the me- 
thod in which any fucceflive aftion is per- 
formed. -Ilookir, K'lcUes. 

7. It notes the quantity had at one time. 


8. At, or in; noting place. Bacon. 

9. According to. Bacon. 

10. According to ; noting proof. Bentley, 

11. After J noting imitation or conformity. 


32. From 5 noting judgment or token. 


33. It notes the fum of the difference be- 
tween two things compared. Locke. 

34. Not later than ; noting tiAie. Sy&^n/ff. 
■ 34. Befide ; noting paffage. .4ddipn. 

36. Befide; near to 3 in prefence ; noting 
proximity, Shakcjpeare. 

17, Before hiwjclf, it notes tlie abience of 
ail' others. y^Jcham, 

35. It is the fdemn form of fwearing. 

39. At hand. Boyh. 

20. Ii: is ufed in forms of obtenihg. Smib. 

21. By proxy of; noting fuofiituiioo. 

22- In the fame direction with; Gmv. 
EY. ad. 

1. Near ; at a fmall diftance. 'Drydtn, 

2. Befide ; paiT;ng. Slah:Jpcarc. 

3. In prefence. Sidney. ^ 
EY AND BY. In a fliort time. Sidney. 

BY. /. [from the prepofition.j Some'hir,^ 
nut the direct and immediate objeil of 
regard. Bacon, Boyle, Drydc.U 

BY, in compofition, implies fomething out 
of the direct way. 

BY-COKGERNMENT. /. An affair which 
is not the main bufinefs. 

BY-END. /. Private intereft \ fecret ad- 
vantage. UEJiravge, 

BY- GONE. a. [a Scotch word.] Paft. 


BY-LAW. y. B\^-hiui are orders made for 
the cood cf thofe that make them, far- 
ther than the publick law binds. dtvef, 

BY-NAME. /. A nicknam.e. Can:den. 

BY-PATH. /. A private or obfcure path. 

BY- RESPECT. /. Private end or view, 


BY-ROOM. /. A private room witmn. 

Shak: peare. 

BY SPEECH. /. An incidental or cafual 
fpeech. Ilockcr. 

BY STANDER. /. A looker on ; one un- 
concerned, Locke. 

BY- STREET. /. An obfcure ftreet. Gay. 

BY- VIEW. /. Private feif-interefted pur- 
pofe. Atterbury^ 

BY-WALK. /. A private wa^k ; not the 
i-'iiin road. Broome, 

BY-WAY. f. A private and obfcure wayj 
Spen'ier, Herbert, 

EY-WEST. , Weflward ; to the weft of. 


BY-WORD. /, A faying ; a proverb. 


BYE. /. Dwelling. - Gihfir, 

BY'ZaNTINE, See Biz an tine. 

QC:5QPC^QGC:;Q&(S>G Gg;)0Gg)GSC: 'GQ^:Q£Qg GOO 


eHas tv.-o founds ; one like h, ar, 
call, dock ; the other as :, as, cej- 
^ fation, cir.der. It founds like k 
J before a, 0, u, or a confoiiant ; 
•and like J, before e, i, &nAy. 
CAB. /. A Hebrew meafure, containing 

• abnut three pints Engliih. 
CABA'L. /. icab.ile, Fr. n*"0>p' ^"^'' 
"i. The fecret fcie'nce of the Hebrew rab- 




2. A body of meh united in fome clofe, Addijon, 

3. Intrigue. Dryden. 
To CABA'L. v. n. [calaler, Fr,] To form 

clofe intrigues. Dryden. 

CA'GALIST. /. One /killed in the tradi- 
tions of the Hebrews. Szvijt, 

CABALLl'STICAL. 7 a. Something tha't 

C'^^BALLISTICK. i has anoccultmean- 
inc. t^.peBatori 

CABA'LLER. /. [from cdal.'] Hfe that 


C A C 

engages in clofe defigns ; an intriguw. 

•CA'BALLINE. a. [cabaLinm, Lat. ] Be- 
longing to a horlo. 

,C^'£yf«£r. /. [French ] A tavern. 


PA'BBAGE. /, [cahus, Fr, brajfica, Lat.] 
A plant. 

To CA'BBAGE. -v. a. To fteal in cutting 
clothes. ArhutLnct. 

CA'BBAGE TREE, /. A fpecies of ^aUn- 

CA'BBAGEWORM. /. An infefl. 

CA'BIN./. \cabane, Fr. fi;a&/;, Welch, a 

1. A fmall room. Spenft^r, 

2. A fniaJl chamber in a fhip. Ra'eigh. 

3. A, orXmall hcufe. Hidrey. 
4^kA tent. ' Fa'ufax. 

To CA'BIN. 'V. V. [from the noun.] To 
live in a cabin. Sbak.'fiieare. 

To CA'3IN. -v. a. To confine in a cabin. 

CA'BINED. a. [from cabln.l Bei.nging 
to a cabin. Mi .ton, 

CABINET. /. [cabinet, Fr.] 

I. A fct of boxes or drawers for curi^'fities, 
Ben. yohiifon, S'Uiift. 
Z. Any place in which things of value aie 
hiSden. Taylor, 

3- A private room in which confultations 
are held. Dryden, 

4. A but, or houfe. Sperjer. 
C.VBINET-COU.MCIL. /. A council held 

in a private manner. Baco^i. 

CA'BINET-MAKER. /. [from cabinet and 
niake.'\ One that makes fmall nice work 
in wood. Mortimer. 

CA'BLE. /. Iccibl, Welch ; cab^l, Dutch.] 
The great rupe of a fliip to which the 
anchor is faftened. RaltiFh. 

CACHE'OTICAL. J "■ [ from cachexy. ] 

CACHE CTICK. 5 Having an ill habit of 
bodv. Floyer. 

CACHE'XY. /. [Kclxstjci..] Such a dif- 
temperature of the humours, as hinders 
jiutrition, and weakens the vital and ani- 
m'a.'-funftirn^. jlrbidkn-.t. 

CACHINNA'TION. /. [cachinnatis, Lat.] 
A loud l.uighrer. 

CA'CKEREL. /. A filh. 

To CA'CKLE. -v. n. [kaukclen, Dutch.] 

1. To make a m-ife as a goofe. Pupe, 

2. Sometimes ic is ufed for the noife of a 

3. To laugh; to giggle. Arbuthnot. 
CA'CKLE. /. [from the verb.] The voice 

of a goofe cr fowl. Drydcn, 

d'CICLER. /'. [from caeklt.'\ 

-I. A fowl that cackles. 

2. A teltaJe ; a tatler. 
.CACOCHY'MICAL. 7 a. [from cicochy. 
CACOCflY'MICK. i my. ] Having the 

humours conupted. Fioyir, 

. C A I 

CACOCHY'MY. /. [xan^x'^f^U.] A de- 
pravation of the humouib from a found 
^■^fe. Arbuthnot. 

CACO'PHONY. /. [««xo<t.W*.] A bad 
found of words. 

Ta CACU'MINATE. -v. a. [, Lat.] 
To make Iharp or pyramidal. 

CADA'VEROUS. a. [cada^vcr, Lat.] Hav- 
ini; the appearance of a dead carcafs. 


1. A kifjg of tape or ribbon. Sh-tkefpcare. 

2. A kind of worm or grub. H'alton. 
CADE. /. [ cadelcr^ Fr. ] Tame 5 fuft ; 

as a cade lamb. 
To CADE. 1/. a. [from the noun.] To 

bre Pii up in fuftnefs. 
CADE. /. [cadus, Lat.] A barrel. Philipu 
CA DEX'CE. 7 ^ r , ^ ., ^ 

CA'DENCY. 5 /• W^'^-''> Fr.J 

1. Fall ; flate of finking ; decline. Mihor, 

2. The tall of the voice. Crafhaii:, 

3. The flow of verfes, or periods. Dryden, 

4. The tone or found. Sivift. 

5. In horiemcn'hip, cadence is an equal 
meafure or proportion, which a horfe ob- 
fsrves in all his motions. Farrier's Dia. 

CA'DENT. a. [<:«(/.■«, Lat. ] Falling down. 
CaD£'T. /. [_cada, Fr.] 

1. The younger liruther. 

2. The youngeft brother. Broivn, 

3. A voluntier in the army, who fefves>_ 
in expectation of a commifiion. 

CA'DEW. /. A n'r&w worm. 

CA'DGER. /. A hucklkr. 

CA'DL f. A magiftrate among the Turks. 

CADI'LLACK:. /. A fort of pear. 

C^'CIAS. f. [Latin.] A wind from the 
north. Milton. 

CALhV'RA. f. [Lat.] A figure in poetry, 
by which a fhort fyllable after a complete 
foot is made long. 

CAFTAN, f. [Perfick.j A PerHan vcft or 

CAG. /. A barrel or wooden vefleJ, con- 
taining four or five gallons. 

CAGE. /. [cjge, Fr.] 

1. An inciofuteof twigs or wire, in which 
birds are kept. Sidney, Stvi/r, 

2. A pljce for wild hearts. 

3. A prifon for petty malefaftors. 

•To CAGE. -v. a. [from the noun, j To in- 

cliife in a cage. Donne, 

CA'IMAN. f. The American name of a 

To CAJO'LE. -v. a. [cagecller, Fr.] To 

flatter; to footh. Iludilras. 

CAJO LER. /. [from cajole.^ A flatterer j 

a wheedler. 
CAJOLERY. /. [cajohrie, Fr.] Flattery. 
C/IS1<0N. f. [French.] A cheft of bombs 

or powder. 
CA'ITIFF. /, [cattifo, Ital. a flave.] A 

msan villain; a defpicabie knave. Sfenfer, 


(i. a CAKE. 

C A L 

CAKE. J. \cueb, Teutonick.} 

J. A kind of delicate bread. Dryim. 

z. Any thing of a form rather flat than 

high Bjcon, Drydev, 

To CAKE. V. n. [from the noun] To 
harden, as dough in the oven. ^ddifon. 

CALABA'SH Tree. A tree of which the /hells 
are ufed by the negroe? for cups, as alfo for 
inftruments of mufick. Mli/er. 

CALAMA'NCO. /. [calamar.cusy Lat.] A 
kind of woollen fluff, Tatler. 

CALAMINE, or Lapis Calaminarii. J. A 
kind of foffile bituminous earth, which, 
being mixed with copper, changes it into 
brafs. Locke. 

CA'LAMINT. /. [calamintha, Lat.] The 
name of a plant. 

CALA'MITOUS. a. [ca/amiiofus, Latin.] 
Miferable J involved in diftrefs ; unhappy; 
wretched. Milton^ South. 

CALA'MITOUSNESS./. [from calamitcus.] 
Mifery ; dilirefs. 

CALA'MITY. /. \calamiias, Lat.] Mis- 
fortune ; caule of mifery. Bacon. 

CJ'LAMUS. /. [Lat.] A fort of reed or 

fweet-fcented wood, mentioned in fcripture. 


CALA'SH. /. Uakcbe, Fr.] A fmall car- 
riage of pleafure. ^'"g- 

CA'LCEATED. a. [calcealus, Lat,] Shod 5 
fitted with ihoes 

CALCEDO'NIUS. J. [Latin.] A kind of 
precious ftnne. Wood-ward. 

CALCINA'TION. /. [from calcine ; calci. 
nation, Fr.] ^ch a management of bo- 
dies by fire, asrenders them reducible to 
powder ; cbymlcal pulverization, B»yh. 

CALCI'NATORY. / [from cakinate.'] A 
veiTel ufed in calcmation. 

To CALCI'NE. V. a. [cakinir, Fr. from 
eaix, Lat.] 

J. To burn in the fire to a calx, or friable 
fubftance. Biieon. 

J. To burn up. Denham. 

To CALCI'NE. V. n. To become a calx 
by heat. Neiuton. 

To CA'LCULATE. V- a- [cakuler, Fr.] 
I. To compute ; to reckon, 
ft. To compute the fituation of the pla- 
nets at any certain time. Ber.thy. 
1. To adiuft ; to projeft for any certain 
end. rUlo'Jon. 

GALCULA'TION. /. [from calculate.^ 

1. A pra£lice, or manner of reck..ning ; 
the art of numbering. Holder. 

2. The refultof arithmetical operation. 


CALCULA'TOR. /. [from calculate.'] A 

CA'LCULATORV. a. [from calculate.] Be- 
longing to calculation. 

CA'LCULE. /. [calculus, Lat.] Reckon- 
ing } compute. Howe I. 

C A L 

CA'LCULOSE. 7 a. [from calo^Ut, Lat.l 
CA'LCULOUS. i Stony ; gritty. Broivn, 

C i'LCVLUS. f. [Latin.] The flone in the 

CA'LDRON. /. [cbauldron, Fr.] A pot ; 
bniler ; a kettle. Spcnfer, Addifon, 

CALEFA'CTION. /. [from' fa/f/^c/o, Lat.] 
I. The aft of heating any thing. 
a. The ftate of being heated. 

CALEFA'CTIV^. a, [from calefaclo, Lat.] 
That which makes any thing hot ; heat- 

CALEFA'CTORY. a. [from calefacio, Lat.] 
That which heats. 

To CALFFY. -v. n. [cahfo, Latin.] To 
gri'w hot ; to be heated. Brown. 

CA'LENDAR. /. [calendarium, Lat.] A 
tegirter of the year, in which the months, 
and ftated times, are maiked, as feftivals 
and holidays. Sbahffeare, Dryden^ 

To CA'LENDER. v. a. \caUndrer, Fr.] 
T'l drefs cloth. 

CA'LENDER. /. [from the verb.] A hot 
prefs ; a prefs in which clothiers fmooth 
their doth. 

CA'LENDRER. /. [from calender.] The 
perfon who calenders. 

CA'LENDS. /. [calerida, Lat.] The fjrft 
day (f every month among the Romans. 

CA'LENTURE. /. [from calio, Latin.] A; 
diftemper in hot climates j wherein they 
imagine the fea to be green fields. Sivfr, 

CALF. / cah'es in th^ plural, [ce.^lp, Sax.} 
I. The young of a cow. JVilkir.s, 

%. Calves of the lips, mentioned by Hofta, 
fignify facrifices of praife and prayers. 

3. The thick, plump, bulbous part of the 
leg. Suck/ins^. 

CA'LIBER. /. [calibre, Fr.] The bore} 
the diameter cf the barrel of a gun. 

C.-^'LICE. /. [calix, Lit,] A cup j a cha- 

CALICO. /. [irom Cakcut \n India.] /\i 
Indian fluff made of cotton. Add jo n. 

CA'LIO. a. [caHdus, Lat ] Hot ; burning, 

CALl'DITY. /. [from cal^d.] Htit. Broivn. 

CA'LIF. 7 / [khal,p, Arab ] A title 

CA'LIPH. i affumed by the fuccelTors of 
Mahomet among the Saracens. 

CALIGATION. /. [from caligo, Latin.] 
Datknefs ; cloudinefs. B-oivn. 

CAH'GINOUS. a. [caliginofni, Lu.] Ob- 
I'cure ; dioi. 

CALI'GINOUSNESS. /. [from caliginous.] 

CA'LIGRAPHY. /. [KaMypa<^U.] Beau- 
tiful writing. Pridi'aux, 

CA'LIVER. /. [from caliber.] A hand- 
gun ; aharquebufe; an old muiket. Shak, 

CA'LIX. J. [Latin.] A cup. 


C A L 

To CALK. v. a. [from calag!, Fr.] To 
flop the leaks of a fiiip. Raleigh, Dryden, 

CA'LKER. /. [(torn calk.] The workman 
that flops the leaks of a (hip. EKchel, 

To CALL. -v. a. [w/<J,'Lat.J 

1. To name ; to denominate, Genefit. 

2. To fummon or invite. KtioHes, 

3. To convoke { to fumijion together. 


4. To fummon judicially. Watts. 

5. To fummon by command. IJaiah. 

6. In the theological fenfe, to infpire with 
ardours of piety. Romans, 

7. To invoke j to appeal to. Clarendon, 

8. To proclaim ; to p'lbiifli. Gay, 

9. To make a /hort vifit. , B. Johnfon, 


10. To excite ; to put in aftion ; to bring 
into view. Cozuley. 

11. To ftigmati?e with fonie opprobrious 
denomination. Siuift, 

12. To call back. To revoke. IJaiah. 

13. To call in. To refume money at in- 
tereft. yJddifon. 

14. To call over. To read aloud a lift or 

1 5. To call out. To challenge, 
pALL. /. [from the verb,] 

1. A voca! addrefs., 
a. Requifition. Eo-jkrr. 

3. Divine vocation ; fummons to tiue re- 
ligion. Locke, 

4. An impulfe. Rofcommon. 

5. Authority; command. Dunham. 

6. A demand ; a claJm. AJd-fon. 

7. An inftrument to ctll birds. fVilkins. 

8. Calling J vocation} employment. 


9. A nomination. Bacon, 
CALLAT.7 , , ], 

CA LLET. 5 > ^ *'"^'- Shakefl>eare. 

CA'LLING. /. [from call.] 

J. Vocation ; profeflion ; trade. Rogers. 

2. Proper ftation, or employment. Sivift. 

3. Clafs of perfons united by the fame 
employment or profeflion. Hammond, 

4. Divine vocation j invitation to"the true 
religion, Hakeivell. 

CA'LLIPERS. /. Compaffes with b'jwed 
/hanks. Moxon. 

CALLO'SITY. /. [callofiu', Fr,] A kind 

of fwelling without pain. i^incfy 


CA'LLOUS. a, {callus, Lu.] 

I. Indurated j hardned, Wiftmnn. 

Z. H ^rdned ; infenfible, Dryden, 

CA'LLOUSNESS. /. [from callous,'] 

1. Induration of the fibres. Cheyne. 

2. Inlenfibiiity. Bentley, 
CA'LLOW. a. Unfiedged ; naked j want- 
ing feathers, Milton, 

CA'LLVS. j, [Latin.] 

J, An induration of the fibres. 


2. The hard fubftance by which broken 
bones are united. 
CALM. a. [^calme, Dutch.] 

1. Quiet; feiene; not flcrmy ; not tem- 
pefluuus, ^penfcr, 

2. Undifturb'd ; unruffled. Aiterburv 
CALM. /. -'' 

1. Serenity; ftillnefs. Raleigh. 

2. Freedom from difturbance J quiet; re- 
„ P0^«- > South, 
To CALM. 1'. a, ^ 

1. To itill ; to quiet. Dryden. 

2. To pacity ; to appeafe, Atterbury 
CA'LMER. /. [fromca/w.] The perfon or 

thing which has the power of giving quiet. 

CA'LMLY. ad. [from calm.] 

1. Without ftorms, or violence. 

2. Without paffions ; quietly. Prior 
CA'LMNESS. /. [from calm.] 

1. Tranquillity; ferenity. Denham. 

2. Mildnefs ; freedom from pafllon. Shak. 
CA'LMY. a, [from calm] Calm ; peace- 

fi'L Spenfer. 

CA'LOMEL. /. [calomelas.] Mercury fix 

times fuhlimed. Wtfeman 

CALORI'FICK. a. [f-^&rr/^BJ, Lat.] That 

which has the quality of producing heat. 
s" Greiu, 

CALO'TTE. f. [French.] A cap or coif. 
CALO'TERS. f. [«aX©-.] Monks of the 

Grt"ek church. 
CALTROPS. /. [cokjiaeppe, Saxon. J 

I. An inftrument made with three fpikes 

fo that which way foeuer it falls to the 

ground, one of them points upiight. 

D'. Addifon. 

Z. A plant mentioned in Virgil's Georgick 

under the name of tnbulus. Miihr, 

To CALVE, t: n. [from calf,] To bring 

a calf ; fpoken of a cow. Dryden. 

CALVI'LLE. f. r French.] A fort of apple. 
To CALUMNIATE, -v. 11. [calumnior, Lat.l 

To accufe falfely, Dryden, 

To CALU'MNIATE. v, a. To /lander. 

Sf rat. 
CALUMNLA.'TION. / [from calumrdjie.] 

A malicious and falfe reprefentation of 

words or aflions, Ayliffe, 

CALUMNI'ATOR. /. [from cilumntatc,^ 

A fi-rger of accufation ; a flanderer. 

■ Addifon. 
CALU'MNIOUS. a. [(xom calumny.] Slan- 
derous ; falfely reproachful. Sbakcfpeare, 
CA'LUMNY. /. [calumnia, Ut.] Slander; 

filfe charge. Temple. 

CALX. f. [Latin.] Any thing rendered 

reducible to powder by burning. Digby, 
CA'LYCLE. /. [calyculus. Lit.] A fmall 

bud of a plant, 
CAMA'IEU, /. A ftone with various figures 

and reprefentations yf idndfkips, formed 

by nature. 



CA'MBER. /. A piece of timber cut arch- 
ing. Moxon, 

■SPA'MBRICK. /. {horn Cambray.'\ A kind 
of fine linen, Shakejpeare. 

CAME. The preterite of to come. Addif.n. 

CA'MEL. /. [camelus, Latin,] An animal 
very common in Arabia, Judea, and the 
neighbouring countricE. One fort is large, 
fit to carry burdens of a thoufand pound?, 
having one bunch upon its back. Another 
have two bunches upon their backs, fit 
for men to ride on. A^ third kind is 
fmaller, called dromedaries, becaufe of their 
fwifrnefs. Cameh will continue ten days 
without drinking. Cj-'mel, 

CAME'LOPARD. /, [from came/us and par. 
dus, Latin.] An animal taller than an 
elephsnt, but not fo thick. 

CA'MELOT. 7 /. [from came.'.] A kind 

CA'MLET. 5 of fluff originally made by 
a mixture of filk and camels hair ; it is 
novif male with wool ^nd filk. Brciun. 

CAME'RA-OBSCURA. [Latin,] An op- 
tical machine ufed in a darkened chamber, 
fo that the light coaiing only through a 
double convex glafs, objeds oppofite are 
reprefented inverted. Adiirtin. 

CA'MERADE. /, [from camera, Lit.] A 
bofom companion. Rymer. 

CA'MERATED. a. [ cameratus, Latin. ] 

CAMERA'TION, a. [cameratio, Lat.j A 
vaulting or arching. 

CAMISA'DO. /. [camifa, a fliirt, IraL] 
An attack ma'ffe in the dark j on v.hich 
eccafion they put their fhirts outward. 


CA'MISATED. a. Dreffcd with the fiiirt 


CA'MiMOCK. /, [cammoc, Saxon,] An 
herb ; petty whin, or reftharrow, 

€AMO'yS. a. [camus, Fr.j Fiat of (he 
nofe, Broiun,. 

CAMP. /. [camp, Fr,] The order of tents, 
placed by armies when thev keep the field, 

To CAMP. -v. a. [from the noun.] To 
lodae in tent?. Shakejpeare, 

CAMP-FIGHT. /. An old word for combat. 

CAMPA'IGN. /, [carrfaigre, Fr.] 

I. A large, open, level tract of ground. 


1. The time for which any army keeps 

the field, CUrendoii. 

CAMPA'NIFCRM. a. [ of campana and 
farrna.'\ A term ufed of flowers, which 
are in the (hape of a bell, Harris. 

CAMPA'NULATE. a. Campaniform. 

CAMPE'STRAL. a. [cempcjins, Latin.] 
Growint; in rii-id=. Mortimer. 

fbA'MPKfllE TREE. /. [camphora, Lat.] 
There are two iurts of this tree j one of 


Borneo, from which the bcft canipbtre I'a 
taken, which is a natural exfudation frona 
the tree, the bark has been wounded. 
The other fort is a native of Japan. 

CA'MPHORAtE. a. [from camphora, Lat.] 
Impr'gnated with camphire. B'>yle. 

CA'MPION. /. [lycknn, Lat.] A plant. 

CA'MUS. /, A thin drefs, Spenf r. 

CAN. /. [canne, Sax,j A cup. Shakefp, 


CAN. t/, ». [konnen, Dutch,] 

I. To be able ; to have power, Locke. 
■2.. It expruTes the potential mood ; as, 1 
can do it. Drydcn, 

CANA'ILLE. /. [French,] The lowed 

CANA'L, /. {canalit, Lat.] 

1. A baion of water in a garden. Fopc, 

2. Any courfe of water made by art. 

3. A pallage through which any of the 
juices of the body flow, 

CA'NAL-COAL. /. A fine kind of coal. 


CANALI'CULATED.a. {canaliculatus,Ldir..] 

Made like a pipe or gutter, 
CANA'RY. /, [fomthe Canary iflands.] 

Wine brouj^ht irom the canaricb ; fack, 

To CAN'A'RY, -v. a. To frolick, i^hak. 
CANA'RY BIRD. An excellent finging 

bird. Cares^., 

To CA'NCEL. -v. a. [circelier, Fr.] 

1. To crofs a writing. 

2. To efface j to obliterate in generaL 

Rojcoinmoji, 6outherne. 

CANCELLA'TED. a. [itom cancel.'] Crofs- 

barred. Greiv, 

CANCELLA'TION. /. [from cancel] An 

expunging or wiping out of an inftrument. 


CA'NCER, /, [canc.r, Lat,] 

1. A crabiilh, 

2. The (ign of the fummer fulftice, 


3. A virulent fvveliing, or fore, not to be 
cured. H'ljeman, 

To CA'NCER ATE, 1'. n. [from cancer.] 
To become a" cancer. L'EJlrange, 

CANCERA'TION. /. A growing cancer- 

CA'NCEROUS. /. [from cancer.] Having 
the virulence (-i a cancer. Wijeman, 

CA'NCEROUSNESS. /. The ftate of be- 
ing cTnceroDS, 

C.^'NCRINE. a. [from cancer.] Having 
the qu-tlities of a crab. 

CA'NDENT.fl. \candens,\.i\..] Hot. Brciun. 

CA'NDICANT. a. [cjndi;a>ii,Lu.] Grow- 
irg white. D;^, 

CA'NDID. a. \_cand'uius, Lat.] 

I. White, D'-yden, 

2 Fiir ; open ; ingenuous, Ltchc. 

CA'NDIDATE. /. {candidaw, Latin,] A 


C A N 

Competitor ; one that folicitcs advance- 
iTient. Aiidifon. 

CA'NDIDLY. ad. [from candid.] Fairly; 
with Hit trick ; ingenuuufly. Siuift. 

CA'NDIDNESS. /. [froin 'candid.] Inge- 
nuity ; opennels of temper. South. 

ToCA'NDlFY. -v. a. {c'lrJifco, Lit.] To 
make white. D:il. 

CA'NDLE. /. [cand:la, Lat.] 

1. A light made of wax or tallow, Hir- 
rounding a wick of flax or cotton. Riiy. 

2. Light, on lumtnarv, Shakefpcare. 
tA'NDLEBERRY TREE. Sweet-willow. 
CANDLEHO'LDER. /'. [■''rom candle and 

hold. ] 

1. He that holds the candle. 

2. He that remotely affifls. Shakefpeare, 
CA'NDLELIGHT. /; [fiom cunaU and 


1. The light of a candle. Sivlft. 

2. The neceffary candles for ii(e,MoIineaux. 
CA NDLEMAS. /. [from candle and m.ij's.] 

The fVaft of the purification of theBlelled 

Viigiji, which was formerly celebrated with 

miny lights in churches. Brozun, Gay. 
CA'NDLESTICK./. [from candU ^nApick.] 

The inftiumenc that holds candles. 

CA'NDLESTUFF. /. [from candle znA fluff.] 

Greafe ; tallow. Bacon. 

CANDi.EWA'STER. /. [from candle and 

ivajie,] A fpendthrifr. Shakefpeare. 

CA'NDOCK. /. A weed that grows in 

rivers. Wakon. 

CA'NDOUR. /. {candor, Lat.] Sweetnefs 

of temper ; purity of mind j ingenmtv. 
To C.VNDY. n,. a. 

1. To conftrve with fugar. Bacnn. 

2. To form into congelations. Shah-fp, 
To CA'NDY. -v. n. To g!0w congealed. 
CANDY L/5«' J /oof. \c:itanancey Lit.] A 

plant. Miller. 

CANE. /. {canna, Lst.] 

1. A kind of ftrong re-d. Harvey. 

2. The plant which yields the fugar. 
Other reeds h.ive their ikin hard j but the 
fkin of the fugar cane is foft, and the 
pith very juicy. It ufiially grows four or 
five feet high, and abjut haif an inch in 
<Jiameter. The ftem is divided by knots 
a foot and a half apart. They ufiially 
plant them in pieces cut a foot and a half 
below the top of the flower, and they are 
Ordinarily ripe in ten manths. Bhckmore. 

3. A lance. Dry den. 

4. A reed. Mortimer. 
To CANE. -v. a. [from the noun.] To 

CANI'CULAR. a. [canicularis, Lat.] Be 

longing to the dog (lir. Bioivn, 

CANI'NE. a. [canin:is, Lat.J Having the 

properties of a dog, Jlddifon, 


CA'NISTER. /. Icanifirum, Lat.] 

1. A fmall balket. Dr;d-r, 

2. A fmall velFel in which any thing i-i 
laid UP. 

CANKER. /. [cancer, Lat.] 

1. A worm that preys upon, and dcftrny-, 
fru'ts. Spenfa. 

2. A fly that prays upon fruits, Tyalt-Ji:, 

3. Any thing that corrupts or confumes. 


4. A kind of wild worthlefs rofe. Pe.uham, 

5. An eating or corroding humour. Sbak. 

6. Corrofion ; virulence. Shakefpeare. 

7. A difeafe in trees. 

To CANKER, •v.n. [from the noun.] To 
grow corrupt. Stenfr, Prior, 

To CA'NKER. -v. a. 

1. To corrupt ; to corroiie, Herbert, 

2. To infefl j to pollute. Addifon. 
C A'NKERBIT,/>flr.'.a(/. [from fi7n,^^r and'^, r. 

Bitten with an envenomed tooth. Shahfp 
CANNABINE. a. [, Latin.] 

CA'NNIBAL. /. An anthropophagite ; a 

man-eater. Da-vies, Bentley. 

CA'NNIBALLY. ad. In the manner of a 

cannibal. Shakefpeare. 

CA'NNIPERS. /. Callipers. 
CANNON./. [tanmn,Fc.] Agunlarger 

than can be managed by the hjnd. 
CA'iVNON-BALL. 7 /. The balls which 
Ca'NNON-SHOT. S are Ihot fiom gr«t 

ToCANNONA'DE. -v. n. [from cannot.J 

To plav the gieat guns. 
CANNONI'ER. /. [from cannon.] The 

engineer that manages the cannon. 

' HayivarJ, 

CANNOT. Of can End not. Locke, 

CANO'A. 7 /. A boat made by cutting 
CA'NOE. 5 the trunk of a tree into a hol- 
low veini. Rakish, 
CA NON. /. [niy^v.] 

1. A rule ; a law. Hooksr, 

2. Law made by ecclefiaftical councils. 


3. The books of Holy Scripture j or the 
great rule. Ayliffe, 

4. A dignitary in cathedral churches. 

<;• A large fort of printing letter, 

CANON BIT. /. That part of the bit fet 
into the horfe's mouth. Spenfcr, 

CA'NONESS. /. [canoniffa, low Lat.J In 
popilh countries, women living after the 
example of fecular canons, A\liffe, 

CANONICAL, a. [canomcus, low La't.J 

1. According to the canon. 

2. Conftituting the canon. Rakigh. 

3. Regular j Hated j fixed by ecdefiaflical 
laws. Taylor, 

4. Spiritual J ecclefuftical, A^UFe. 



CAtJO'rJiCALLY. ad. [ from cnnenka!. J 

In a maener agreeable to the canon. 

Goiierrimcnt r>f the Tongue. 
CANO'NICALNESS. /. The quality of be- 

ing canonical. 
CA'NONIST. /. [from canon.'] A profef- 

fo^r of the caniin law. Camden, Pope. 
CANONIZATION. /. [from canoniTic.] 

The adl of declaring a faint. Addijon. 
*Io CA'NONiZE. -r. a. [from canoru] To 

declare any man a faint. Bacon. 

CA'NONRY. 7 /. [from canon.] hn 
CA'NONSHIP. 5 ecclefiaftical benefice in 

fome cathedral or collegiate church. 

CA'NOPIED. a. [from canopy.] Covered 

with a canopy. 
CA'NOPY. /. [compeum, lowLat.] A co- 
vering fpread over the head. Fairfax. 
To CA'NOPY, T. a. [from the noun.] To 

cover with a canopy. Drydcn. 

CANO'ROUS. a, {canorous, Latin,] Mu- 

fical ; tuneful, Brotun. 

CANT. /, [cant us, Lat.] 

1. A corrupc dialeil ufed by beggars and 

2. A firm of fpeaking peculiar to fome 
certain clafs or body of men. Dryden. 

3. A wh aing pietenfion to goodnefs. 


4,. Barbarous jargon. Stvift. 

r. Auflion, Sivifl. 

To CANT. v. n. To talk in the jargon 

of particular prrfeiTions. Glanvilk, 

CANT/lT/i, f. [Iralian.] A fong. 

CANTA'TION. /, [from canto, Lat.] The 

ai£t of finging, 
CANTER. /. [from cant.] Hypocrite. 
of an ambling horfe, commonly called a 
CAN7HA RIDES. /. [ Latin. ] Spanifli 
flies ; ufed to raife blifters. Bacon. 

CJ'NTHUS. f. [Latin.] The corner of the 
eye. JViJeman. 

CAT^TICLE. /. {canto, Lat.] 
I. A fong. 

a. The fong of Solomon. Bacon, 

CANTl'LIVERS. /. Pieces of wood framed 

into the front or other fides of an houfe, 

to fuftain the eives over it^ Moxon. 

CA'NTLE. /. {kant, Dutch.] A piece with 

corners. Shakefpeare, 

To CA'NTLE. f, a. [from the noun.] To 

cut in pieces. Dryden. 

CA'NTLET. /. [from cantk.] A piece ; 

a fragment. Dryden, 

CA'NTO. J. [Ital.] A book, or feftion of 

a poem. Shakefpeare, 

CA'NTON. /, 

1, A fmall parcel or divifion of land. 

2. A fmall community^ or ihn, Baccn^ 


To Canton, -v. a. To divide into litilc 
parts. Loih. 

To CA'NTONIZE. -v. a. To parcel out 
into fmall divifions. Hoiveh 

CA'NTRED. /, An hundred. Coii-el. 

CA'NVASi.. /. {cane'vas, Fr.] A kind of 
cloth woven for feveral ufes. ^idney,Waller. 

To CA'NVASS. -v. a, {cannabaffe'r, Fr.] 
i. To fift ; to examine. IVoodward, 

2. To debate 5 to controvert, UEf range. 

To CA'NVASS. -V. n. To follicite. Ayliffe, 

CANY, a, [from cane.] 

1. Full of canes, 

2, Confifting of canes. Milton, 
CA NZONET. /. [canxonetta, Italian.] A 

little long. Feacbam, 

CAP. f. [cap, Welch.] 

j. The garment that covers the head. 


2. The enfign of the cardinalate. Skakefp, 

3. The topmoft ; xhs\\]^t^. Shakefpeare. 

4. A reverence made by uncovering the 

To CAP. T. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To cover on the top, Derbam, 

2. To fnatch off the cap, Sperfer, 

3. To cap I'cr/ei. To name alternately 
verfes beginning with a particular letter. 

CAP a pe- 7 From head to foot. Shakfpi 
CAP a pii. 3 5w;>>, 

CAP- PAPER. A fort of coarfe brownift 
p?per. Boyle. 

CAPABILITY. /. [from capable.] Ca- 
Ca'PABLE. a. [capable, Fr.] 

J. Endued with powers equ«l to any par- 
ticular thing. fVatts. 

2. Intelligent ; able to underftand, Siak, 

3. Capacious ; able to jeceive, Dighy. 

4. Sufceptible, Prior-, 

5. Qualified for. TiU-^ifen. 
6- Hollow. Shakefpeare, 

CA'PABLENESS. /. [from capable.] The 

quality or flate ot being capable. 
CAPA'CIOUS. a. [capax. Lit.] 

1. Wiile J large j able to hold much. 


2. Extenfive ; equal togreat defign. Watts, 
CAPA'CIOUSNESS. /, [from capacious.] 

The power of holding ; hrgenefs. Holder^ 
To CAPA'CITATE. -v. a. [tvom capacity.] 

T" enable ; to qualify, Dryden, 

CAPACITY, /, \ci:paciie', Fr,] 

T, The power of containing. Da'Oiet, 

2. The force or power of the mind. South. 

3. Power J ability, Blackmore, 

4. Room J fpace, Boyle. 

5. State ; condition ; charafler. South, 
CAPA'RISON, /. [M/J^ri/xsrr, Span.] At 

fort of cover for a horfe. Milforr, 

To CAPARISON, f.a. [from the noun.] 

i. To drcfs in caparilbns. Dryden. 

a, To 


i. To drefs pompouny, Shahfpenre^ 

Cape. /. [ca^e, Fr.J 

I. Headland j promontory. Arbutbnot, 

a. The neck- piece of a cloke. Bacon. 

CA'PER. /. [from cjpery Latin, a goat.] 

A leap; a jump. Siuift. 

CA'PER. /. [^ca^paris, Latin.] An acid 

pickle. Floyer. 

CA'PER BUSH. /. [ccippciris, Lat.] This 

plant grows in the South of France} the 

buds are pickled for eating. 
To CA'PER. "v. n. [from the noun.] 
l^ I. To dance frolickfnmely. Shakifpeare, 

2. To fkip for merriment. Crajha-w. 

3. To dince. Roive. 
CA'PERER. /, [from w/fr.] A dancer. 

CA'PtAS. f. [Lat.] A writ of execution. 

CAPILLA CEOUS. a. The fame with ca- 
tAPI'LL ANIENT. /. {capiUamentum, Lat.] 
Small threads or hairs which grow up in 
the middle of a flower. Sluincy. 

CA'PILLARY. a. [from c^piUus, Lat.] 
Refembling hairs j fmall } minute. 

CAPILLA'TION. /. [capillus, Latin.] A 
fmall ramification of velfeis. Brown. 

CA'PITAL. a. [o pi talis, Lat.] 

1. Relating to tlie head. , Milion. 
a. Criminal in the higheft degree. Snuift. 

3. That which afi"e6ls life. Bacon, 

4. Chief ; principal. Hooker, Atterbury, 

5. Chief j metropolitan. Milton. 

6. Applied to letters ; large ; fuch as are 
£ V/ritten at the beginnings or heads of books. 

Taylor, Grctv. 

7. Capital Stcci. The principal or original 
ftock of a trading company* 


J. The upper part of a pillar. Addifon. 

2. The chief city of a nation. 
Ca'PITALLY. ad. [from .apnal.] In a 

capital manner. 
CAPITATION. /. [from caput, Latin.] 

Numeration by heads. Broivn^ 

CAPI'TULAR. /. [from capitulutr, Lat.] 

1. The body of the ftatues of a chapter. 

i. A member of a chapter. Ayltffe. 

ToCAPl'TUL.'lTE. -v.n. {ixbmcapitulum, 


1. To draw up any thing in heads or ar- 
ticles. iihL.k<fpe::r,'. 

2. To yield, or furrender on ceitain fii- 
pulations. llayiuatd. 

CAPITULATION. /. Stipulation j terms ; 
co'iditions. Hale, 

CAITVI TREE. /. [copaiba, Laf.] This 
tree grows near a village called Ayipe), 
in the province of Antiochi, in the Spa- 
aiih Well Indies. Sunie of tliem do cot 


yitid any of the balfam ; thofe that do, 
are dirtinguifhed by a ridge. One of thefe 
trees wiJl yield five or fix gallons of bal- 
sam- Miller, 

CA'PON. /. {capo, Latin:] A caHrated 
cock. Cay. 

CAPONNI'ERE. /. [Fr. a term in fortifi^ 
cat on.] A covered lodgment, of about 
four or five feet broad, encompafl'ed with 
a jiitle parapet. Hams. 

CAPOT. f, [French.] Is when one party 
wins all the tricks of cards at the game 
of picquet. 

CAPO'UCH. /. [ccrpuce, Fr.] A monk's 

CA'PPER. /. [ffomM/i.] One who makes 
or fells caps. 

CAPRE'OLATE. a. [from cfl^TM/^/j, Lat.] 
Such plants as turn, and creep by means 
of their tendrils, arc c^Jpreolate. Harris. 

CAPRI'CE. 7 f. [caprue, Fr.] Freak ; 

CAPRrCHIO. i fancy ; whim, dan-ville, 


CAPRICIOUS, e. [capricieux, French.] 
Whimfical ; fanciful. 

CAPRI'CIOUSLY. ad. [from catriclous.} 

CAPRI'CIOUSNESS. /. [from capricious. 1 
Humour, whimfiralnefs. Stutfu 

CA'PRICORN. /. [capneornus, Lat.] One 
of the figns of the zodiack } the winter 
foliHce. Creech. 

CAPRIO'LE. /. [French. ] Caprioles are 
leaps, fuch as a horfe makes in one and 
the fame place. Without advancing for- 
w-ards. Farrier'' i D<^, 

CA PSTAN. /. [caoejian, Fr-] A cylin- 
der, with levers 10 wind up any great 
weight. Raleigh, 

CA'PSULAR. ? a. [capfufa, Lat.] Hoi- 

CA'PSULAR Y. i lew like a cheft. Brown, 

CATSULATE. 7 a. \capjula, Lat.] In. 

CAFSULaTED. I clafcd, or in 3 box. 


CA'PTAIN. /. [capitain, Fr.] 

r. A chief con:)matjder. Shalejpe^re^ 

2. The coixmander of a company in a 



3. The chief commander of a fliip. 


4. Captain Gereral, The general or coni- 
minder in chief of sn array. 

CA'PTAINRY. /. [from captain.] The 
power over a cettain diftnct ; the chief- 
tair.fhip. Spenfer, 

CAPTAINSHIP. /. [from captain.'] 

i. Trie rnnk or pofl of a captain. Pfottcn. 
%. Tlie condition or pofl of a chef com- 
mander. Siakefpeare. 
3. The cliieftait.fhip of a clan. Do'vits. 

CAPTATION. /. [Uomca[>to, Lat,] The 

praftice of catching favour. Kin^ Charles, 



CA'PTION. f. [caplo, Lac] The aft of 

taking any perfon, 
CAPTIOUS, a. [capthux, Fr.] 

1. Given to cavils ; eager to ol.jefl'. Locke. 

2. Infidious ; enfnaring. Bacon, 


CA'RAVEL.7 /. [csravela, Span,] A li^M, 
CA'RVEL. 5 round, old-fafbioned finp. 
CA'RAWAY. /. [carui, Lat.] A plant. 
CARBONA'DO. /. [carbonnadc,Yr.'\ Meat 
cut acrofs, to be broiled. Sbakefpeare. 

CA'PTIOUSLY. ad. [from captious.] With To CARBON A'DO. v. a. [from the noun.] 

an inclination to objedt. Locke, 

CA'PTIOUSNESS. /. [frorH capnoui.] In- 
clination to obje£l 5 peeviflinels. L-t^cke, 

To CA'FTIVATE. -v. a, [capa-ver, Fr.] 
1. To take prifoner j to bring into bond- 
age, ^'"i Charhu 
1. To charm ; to fubdue. Jiddfjon. 

CAPTIVA'TION. f. '~' ' ' 

one ciptive. 

CA'PTIVE. /. [captff, Fr.] 

One taken in war. Rogers, 

2. One charmed by beauty. Shakcjp. 

CAPTIVE, a. [capti'vus, Latin.} Made 

prifoner in war. Dryden. 

To CA'PTIVE. V, a. To take prifoner. 

CAPTIVITY. /.. [capuviti, Fr.] 

1. Subjedlion by the fate of war; bond- 
age. Dryden, 

2. Slavery ; fervitude, ^'iddifon. 
CA-'PTOR,/. [from f^;./o.] He that takes 

a prifoner, or a prize. 
CAPTURE. Y. [cjp'ure, Fr.] 

1. The acl or prailice of taking an-y thing. 


2. A prize. 
CAPUCHED. /r. fffomw/iftCf, Fr.] Cover- 
ed over as with a hood. Broivv, 

CAPUCHI N. /. A female garment, con- 
firting of a cloak and hood, made in imi- 
tation of thedrefs of capuchin monks. 

CAR. /. [car, Welch.] 

J, A fmall carriage of burden. 
a. A chariot of war. 

3. The Charles's wain. 
CA'RABl-NE. orCARBijJE. /. 

Fr.] A fmall fort of fire-arms 

To cut or hack. Shahejpcare, 

CA'RBUNCLE. /. [carbuticulus , Lat.] 

1. A jewel fhining in the dark. Milton. 

2. Red fpot or pimple. Dryden, 

1. Set with carbuncles. Sbai'fpeare,. 

2. Spiitted ; deformed with pimples. 
The aa of ta.king CARBUSCULAR. a. Red like a carbuncle. 

CAR-BUNCULATION. /. [carbunculatioy 

Lat. J The blafling of young buds by hear 

or cold. Harris, 

CA'RCANET, /. [carcan, Fr.] A chain- 

or collar of jewels. Hhakejfieti-re. JIakcwelU 

CA'RCASS. /. [carquaffe, Fr.] 

1. A dead body of any animal. Taylor^ 
a. The decayed parts of any thing. 

3. The main parts, without completion or 
ornament, Halt, 

4.. [In gunnery,] A kind of bomb ufually 
oblong, confifting of a fhell or cafe, with 
holes, filled with cembuftibles. Harris, 

CA'RCELAGE. /, [from carur.^ Prifon 

CJRCINO'MJ, f. [from xagxTv®-, a crab.] 
A cancer^ ^incy. 

CARCINO'MATOUS. a. \ixomcarcinoma.l 

CARD. 7; ['arte, Yr^ charts, Lat.] 

1. A- paper painted with figures, ufed in 
games. Pope. 

2. The paper on which the winds ara 
marked. Spenjer. Pope. 
J. The inflrument with which wool ij 

To CARD. -v. a, [from the neun.] To 
comb wool. May-, 





CARABINI'ER. /. [homcarabme.'] A fort To CARD. -v. v. To game, 
of light horfe-man. Chambers-. CARDAMO'MUM, f. [hi^iR.'\ 

CA'RACK. /. /. [caraca, Spanifli] A large • ■ - ■ 

fliip of burden j ga^'leon. Raleigh. Waller. 

C.VRACGLE. /. [caracole, Fr.] An ob- 
lique tread, traced out in femi-rounds. 


To- eA'R.ACCH.E, -v, n. To move in cara- 

£ARAC>r, f/- C^'^'-^^F^-] 
A v«ight of four grains 

A medi» 
cinal feed, " Chav.bert, 

CARDER./, [fromwr^.] 

i. One that cards wool. Shak'fpeare, 

2- Ohe that plays much at cards. 
CARDrACAL.7 a. [xa^JIa, the heart.] 
CA'RDIACK.. i Cordial i havina the qua- 
lity of invigorating, 
CA'RMALGY./. [from na^^a, the heart, 
and aXyfB',. pain,] The heart-burn. 

Slu-incy , 

2. A manner of exprefling the finenefs of C.VRDIHAL. a, [cardinahs, Lat.] Princi- 

gold. C'.cker. pal ; chief. Brol'^n. Clarendon^ 

CA'RAVAN, /. [caraija^rte, Tr.] A troop CA'P^DINAL. /. One of the chief gover- 

©J !iodj of mercha-»ts or pilgrims. nours of the Rnmi/h church. Sbahlptare. 

Miho)!, Taylor. CA'RDINALATE. 7 / [from cardir\at.\ 

C,ARAVA'NSARY. /. A houfe built for CA'RDINALSHIP. \ The vffKe and rank. 

iS^S teceotion ef ijayeil«w, ■ Spenmor, of a cardinaio L'E/irjnge. 


CA'E-DMATCH. /. A match made by dipp- 
ing pieces of a card in melted fulphur. 

Care. /, [c^jie, Saxon.] 

I. Solicitude J anxiety j concern. Dtyden, 
E. Caution. liUotJon. 

3. Regard j charge j heed in order to pre- 
i'ervation. Dryden, 

4. The object of care, or of love. Dryden. 
To CARE, -v, n. [from the noun.] 

I. To be anxious or folicitous. KnoHes. 

s. To be inclined ; to bedifpoied. JVaikr, 

3. To be afFefted with. Temple. 

Ca'RECRAZED, a. [from wre and fraz;?.] 

Broken with care and folicitude. Sbak'Jp. 
To CAREEN, "v. a. [carimr, Fr.J To 

caulk, flop up leaks. 
CARE'ER. /. [carriere^ Fr.] 

1. The ground on which a race is run. 


2. A courfe ; a race, Shakefpeare. 

3. Full fpeed ; fwift motion. Prior. 

4. Courfe of acffion. Shakefpeare, 
To CARE'ER. v. v. To run with fwift 

miition. Milmn, 

CA'REFUL. a. [from care and full.] 

1. Anxious J lolicitous ; full of concern, 

L-^ke, X. 41. Dcnhem. 

2. Provident; diligent; cautious, Dryden. 

3. Watchful. Ray, 
CA'REFULLV. ad. [from careful.'] 

I. In a manner that fhews care. Collier, 
Z. Heedfully ; watchfully. ./itteriury. 

CA'REFULNESS. /. Vigilance ; heedful, 
nefs; caution. Knollcs, 

CA'RELESLY. ad. [from carelcfs.] Negli- 
gently ; heedlefly. PValler, 

CA'RELESNESS. /. Heedlefnefs ; inatten- 
tion, chakifptare, 'Taylor, 

CA'RELESS. a, [from care.'] 

I. Without care ; without folitude ; un- 
concerned j negligent J heedlefs j unmind- 
ful. Lode. 
z. Cheerful ; undifturbed. Pope. 
3. Unmoved by 3 unconcerned at. 


ToCARE'SS. -v. a, [careffer,Yr.'] To en- 
dear ; to fondle. South, 

CARE'SS. /. An ad of endearment. 


CARET, f. A note which fliews where 
fomething jnterlim-d /hould be read ; as, a 

CA'RGAiON. f. [cargacon, Spanifh.] A 
cargo. Hov)el. 

CA'RGO. /. [charge, Fr.] The lading of 
a fliip. Burner. 

CA'RICOUS Tumour, [carica, a f5g,] A 
fweliing in the form of a fig. 

CA'RIE^. /. Rottennefs. Wifeman. 

CARiOSITV. /. [from carious.] Rotten- 
nefs. ' tVifimin. 

CA'PaOUS, a. [cjriofus, Lat.j Rotten. 


CARK. /. [ceajic, Saxon.] Carej anxietj' 


To CARK. -v. n. [ceajican, Saxon.] To be 

careful ; to be anxious. 

Sidney, Decay of Piety, 

CARLE. / [ceopl, Saxon.] A rude, bru- 
tal man ; churl. Spaijer. Bentley. 

CA'RLINE THISTLE, [cariina, Lat.] A 

CA'RLINGS. /. [Inaftip.] Timbers lying 
fore and aft. Harris. 

CARMAN. /. A man whofe employmen*: 
it is to drive cars. Gay. 

CA'RMELITE. /. [carmelite, Fr,] A fort 
of pear. 

CARMFNATIVE. a. Carminati-ves »re{uch 
things as dilute and relax at the fame time, 
y/hatever promotes infenfible perfpiration, 
is carminjti've. Arhutbnot. Sivift. 

CA'RMINE. /. A bright red or crimfoa 
colour. Cbamberh 

CA'RNAGE. /. carnage, Fr.] 

i. Slaughter ; havock. Hayward, 

2. H£aps of fleih. Pope, 

CA'RNAL. a. {carnal, Fr.] 
S, Fieflily J not fpiritual. 

K, Charles. Atterhury, 
1. Luftful ; lecherous. Shakifpeate, 

CARNA'LITY. /. [from carnal] 

1, Fle/hly lu(^. South. 

2. Grofthefs of mind. Tillotfon.. 
CA'RNALLY. ad. [from carnal] Accord- 
ing to the riefh j not fpiritually. 

Hooker f Taylor, 
CA'RNALNESS. /. Carnality. 
CARNATION./. \carnes,L^t.] The name 
of the natural flefh colour ; from whence 
perhaps the flower is named, 
CARNE'LION, /. A precious ftone, 

CARNE'OUS. a. [cameus, Lat.] Fle/hy. 


To CARNI'FY. v. n, [carnis, Lat.] To 

breed fieft. ^ Hale, 

CARNIVAL. /. The feaft held in pnpifh 

countries before Lent. Decay of Piety. 

CARNl'VOROUS. a. [horn carnis and 

•voro] Flefh-eating. Ray. 

CARNO'SITY. /. [carnofte, Fr.] Flefhy 

excrefcence. M'''ifeman. 

CARXOUS. a. [from caro, camis, Lat.} 

Flelhy. Brown, Ray, 

CA'R(;B. a plant. 

CARO'CHE. f. [fromwr^^-, Fr.] A coach. 
CA'ROL. /. Xcarola, Ital. J 

I. A fongof joy and exultation. 

Bacon. Dryd-'n, 
a. A fong of devotion. Mi'ton, 

To CA ROL, -v. r. To fint; ; to warble. 

■Sprnffr, Prior, 
To CA'ROL. -v, a. To praife ; to celebrate, 


CA'ROTID. .-?. [carotid::, Lat.] Two ar- 

Pv 2, tCi'ica 


' teries wWch atife out of the afcending 

trunk of the aorta. Ray. 

CARO USAL. /. [from ear^ufe.] A fefl'i- 

val, Dryden. 

ToCARO'USE. -v.ti. [caroufer, Fr.J To 

drink ; to quaff. Suckling, 

ToCARO'USE. 'v.a. To drink. Denham. 
CARO'USE. /. [from the verb.] 

I. A drinking match. Pope. 

Z. A hearty dofe of tiquour. Davies, 

CARO'USER. /. A drinker 5 a toper, 

CARP. /. [carpf, Fr.] A pond fifli. Hale. 
To CAKp. V. n, [carpo, Lat.] To cen- 

fure ; to cavil. Herbert. 

CA'RFENTER. /. [charpentier, Fr.] An 

artificer in wood. Fairfax. 

CA'RPENTRy. /. [from carpenter.} The 

trade of a carpenter. A-Joxon. 

CA'RFER. /. A caviller. Stakcfpt-are. 
CA'RFET. /. [icirpei, Dutch.] 

I. A covering of various colours. Bacon, 

7., Ground variegated with flowers. 

Dry den. 

3. A ftate of eafeand luxury. Shak<jf>e^re. 

4. To be on the carpet, is the fubjcdt of 
■ confideration. 

ToCA'RPET. v.a. [from the noun.] To 
fpread with carpets. » Bccon, 

CA'RPING. parti, a. Captious j cenfori- 
ous. Watts. 

CA'RPINGLY. a. Captiou/ly ; cenfori- 
ouflv, Camden. 

CORPUS, f. [Latin.] The wrift. JVijeman. 

CA'RRIAGE. /. {canjge, Fr.] 

. I. The adt of carrying or tranfporting. 


5. Conqueft ; acquifition, Kno/ies. 

3. Vehicle. M'atts. 

4. The frame upon which cannon is car- 
ried, KnoUes, 

5. Behaviour ; perfonal manners. 

Bacon. Drydett. 

6. Condufl J meafures ; practices. 


7. Management ; manner of tranfatlng. 

CA'RRIER. /. [from to CJryy.-] 

1. One who cariies fumething. Buon. 

2. One whofe trade is to carry goods. 


3. A meflengT, Dry den. 

4. A fpecies of pigeons, yk'akon. 
C.-^'RRION. /. [cb^rongc, Fr.] 

J. The cattiilc of fomctbing not proper 
for food. Spenfer, Tempk. 

1 A name of reproach for a woithlefi wo- 
man. Sbukefpcare. 
3. Any fledi fa corrupted as not to be fit 
tor food. Dryden. 

CA'RRION. o. [from the fubff.] Relating 
to Cdrcaici, abakejpart. 


CA'RROT. /, [fjroff, Fr.] Garden roots. 


CA'RROTINESS. /. [from c^rroty.\ Red^ 

nefs of hair. 
CA'RROTY. a. [from f<r^^^^] Spoken of 

red hair. 
To CARRY, -v. a. \ckarier, Fr.] 

1. To convey from a place, Dryden, 

2. To tranfport. Bacon, 

3- To bear; to have about one. Wifcman, 

4- To convey by force. Shakeffeare. 

5- To effeft any thing. B. Johnjon, 
6. To gain in competition, Shahefp'eare, 
1 . To gain after refiftance. Sbakefpeare, 

8. To manage ; to tranfa<>. Addijon, 

9. To behave j to conduct. Clarendon. 

10. To bring forward, Locke, 
J I. To urge ; to bear, Hammond. 
lz. To have ; to obtain. Hale. 

13. To difplay on the outfide. Addison, 

14. To imply ; to iinport. Locke, 

15. To have annexed. South. 

16. To move any thing, Addijon, 

17. To pufh on ideas in a train. Hale. 

18. To receive ; to endure. Bacon, 
J9. To fupport ; to fuftain. Bacon, 

20. To bear, as trees. Bacon, 

21. To fetch and bring, as dogs. /Ijcham. 

22. Tj carry off. To kill. Temple. 

23. To carry on. To promote j to help 
forward. Addifon, 

24. T« carry tbrovgh. To keep from fail- 
ing. Harrmor.d. 

To CA'RRY. "v. n. A horfe is faid to carry 
tvell, when his neck is arched, and holds 
his head high, 

CA'RRY- TALE, /, A talebearer, Shakefp,, 

CART, /. [cjTseiE, cjut, S«.J 

1. A carriage in general. Temple. 

2. A wheel- carriage, ufed commonly for 
luggage, Dryden, 

3. The vehicle in which criminals are car- 
ried to execution. Prior, 

To CART. -v. a. T" expofe in a cart. Prior, 
To CART. f. n. To ufe carts for carriage. 
CART-HORSE. /. A coarfe unwieldy 
horfe. Knolles. 

CART- JADE. r. A vile horfe. Sidney, 

CART- Load."/. 

1. A quantity of any thing piled on a cart. 

, Boyle, 

2. A quantity fufficient to load a carr. 
CARTWAY. /. A way through which 

a carriage may conveniently travel, 


CARTE BLANCHE. [French.] A blank 

pjper ; a paper to be filled up with (uch 

conditions as the perfon to wiibm it is lent 

thinks proper. 

CA R TEL. /. [cartel, Fr.] A writinp con- 

taimne lln)ulations, AJdifon, 



CA'R-TER. /. [from can,'] The msn who 
drives a cart. Di-yden. 

CA'RTILAGE./. [cartilagOyL^t.] A (mooth 
and folid body, fofter than a bone, but 
harder than a ligament. /Irbutbnot, 

CARTILAGI'NEOUS. 7 /. [from cartil- 

CARTILA'GINOUS. S "i'-] Confifting 
of cartilages,. Holder, 

CARTOON. /. \_cartoney\t3\.'\ A painting 
or drawing upon large paper, JVatts. 

CARTO'UCH. /. [cartouche, Tt.'l A cafe of 
wood three inches thick at the bottom, 
holding balls. It is fired out of a hobit or 
fmall mortar. Harris, 

CA'RTAGE. 7 /. {cartouche ^ Fr.] A 

CA'RTRlDGE.i cafe of paper or parch- 
ment filled with gunpowder, ui'ed for the 
greater expedition in charging guns. 


CA'RTRUT. /. [from cart and route.] The 
track made by a cart wheel, 

CA'RTULARY. /. [from charta.] A place 
where papers are kept. 

CA'RTWRIGH T. /. [ from cart and 
ivright.] A maker of carts. Camden. 

To CARVE, -v. a. [ceoppan. Sax.] 

I, To cut wood, or Itone. IFifdom. 

a. To cut meat at the table. 

3. To make any thing by cutting, 

4. To engrave. Hhakifp""'''' 

5. To chufe one's own part. .South, 
To CARVE. -J. n, 

1. To exercife the trade of a fculptor, 

2. To perform at table the office of fup- 
plying the company. Prior, 

pA'RVER. /. [from' carve.] 

I. A fculptor. Dryden, 

a. He that cuts up the meat at the table, 


3. He that choofes for himfelf. L'E/hange, 
CA'RVING. /. Sculpture ; figures carved. 


CARU'NCLE. /. [caruncula, Lat.] A fmall 
protuberance of flefh. IVifewan, 

CARTA'TES, 7 /. [from C^rya, a city.] 

CARTA'TIDES. ^ Columns or pilafters un- 
der the figures of women, dreffed in long 
robes. Chambers. 

CASCA'DE. /. [cafcade, Fr.] A cataraft 5 
a water-fall. Friar. 

Case, /. [caiye, Fr, a box.] 

I. A covering} aboxj a /heath. 

Ray, Broome, 
a. The outer part of a horfe, ^Jdifon. 
3. A building unfurnifhed. iVction, 

CASE-KNIFE. /. A large kitchen knife. 


CASE-SHOT, /, Bullets inclofed in a cafe. 

CASE. /, Icarus, Lat.] 

I. Condition with regard to outward cir- 
cumftances. Atterbury. 

a. State of things, Baton. 


3. In phyfick ; ftate of the body. 

. . j'lrliuthnvft 

4.. Condition with regard to leanncfs, or 
health, Stvift. 

5. Contingence. Tilktfor,. 

6. Queftion relating to particular perfms or 
things. Hidney. 1-,llotfon. 

7. Reprefentation of any queftion. Bacon, 

8. The variation of nouns. dark. 

9. In cafe. If it (hould happen. Hooker, 
To CASE. 1/. a. [from the noun.") 

1. To put in a cafe or cover. Shahfpeare, 

2. To cover as a cafe. ^baki-fpeare, 

3. To ftrip off the covering. Shake jpeare. 
To CASE, f . n. To put cafes. L'Efiranve 
To CASEHA'RDEN. -v. a. To harden oa 

the outfide. Moxon, 

CA'SEMATE. /. leafmata. Span.] A kind 
of vault or arch of ftone work. 

CA'SEMENT. {cajamento, Ital.] A win- 
dow opening upon hinges. South* 

CA'SEOUS. a. {_cajeui, Lat.J Refembling 
cheefe ; cheefy. Flofer 

CA'SERN. /. [cnferne,Tr.-] A little room* 
or lodgement ereded between the rampart 
and the houfes. Hams 

CA'SE WORM. /. A grub that mak?s itfclf 
a cafe. Flcyer. 

CASH. /. [caife, Fr. a chert.] Money j ac 
hand. Mikon, Pope. 

CA'SH KEEPER. /. A man entrufted with 
the money. Arbuthnot, 

CA'SHEWNUT, /. A tree. Miller, 

CASHI'ER. /. [from cajl,.] He that has 
charge of the money. South, 

To CASHIER, -v-o. [caJfer,Tt,] To dif- 
card ; to difmifs from a port. Bacon, S-wifr, 

CASK, /. [cafque, Fr.] A barrel. Hawey, 

CASK. 7 /. [cajque, Fr.] A helmet ; 

CASQUE. 5 armour for the head. Addifon, 

CA'SKET. /. {caijfe, cafette.] A fmall 
box or cheft for jewels. Da-vies, Pope, 

To CA'SKET. 1: a. To put in a calket. 


CASSAMUNA'IR. /. An aromatick vege- 
table, being a fpeciesof ^^/aw^rt/. ^uincy. 

To CA'SSATE. -v. a. [cajjer, Fr.] To va- 
cate ; to invalidate. Ray. 

CASSA'TION./. [cajfatio, Lat.] A making 
null or void. 

CASSAVl. 7 . . • ■ , . 

Ca SSADA \ American plant. 

CA'SSIA. /. Afweet fpice mentioned by 
Mofes. Exod. XXX. 

CA'SSSIDONY Stickodore, A plant. 

CA'SSIOWARY. /. A large bird of prey. 


CASSOCK./. [cafajue,TT,] A clofe gar- 
ment. Shakcfpeare, 

CA'SSWEED. /. Shepherd's pouch. 

To CAST, -v, a, cafi 5 paff. cafi. [iafler, 
I. To threw wilh the hand. Raleigh. 


a. To throw away, as uiele/s or rojtiouj, 
Sbak Jpca-e. 

3. To throw dice, or lot?, . Jojhuab, 

4. To throw from a high place. 


5. To throw in wreftling. Hbakcj'pcare. 
tt. To throw a net or fnare. i Cor, 
7. To drop ; to let fall, ^<Sj. 
S. Toexpofe. JV^'. 
g. To drive by violence of weather. 

SO, To build by throwing up earth. 

Spenjer, Knolks, 

11. To put into any certain ftate. 

PJalm. Ixxvi. 6. 

12. To condemn in a trial. Dor.r.c 
E3. To condemn ia a law-fuit. 

Decay of Piery, 
24. To defeat. Hudtbras, 

tt5. To caihier. Shakefpeare, 

36. To leave behind in race. Drydtn, 
17. Tofhedj to let fall j to moult. 

iS. To lay afide, as f.t to be worn no 
longer. jiddifon, 

ig. To have abortions. Gtnefis, 

ao. To overweigh ; to make to prepon- 
derati; j to decide by overballancing. 

South, Prior, 

ai. Tocompnte^ to reckon; to calculate. 

Bacon, ylddifon. 
2a. To contrive ; to plan out. Ttmple. 
S3. To judge; to confider, Mtlton. 

24. To fix the parts in a play. Addijon, 
S5. To direft the eye. Pope, 

a6. To form a mould. Boyh, Waller. 
ay. To model ; to form* Watts, 

sS. To communicate by refleftion or ema- 
ciation. Dryden. 

29. To yield, or give up. South. 

30. To inflift. Locke, 
3 (. To caji away. To fliipwreck. 

Raleigh, Kmlkt, 

3*. To caft atvaj. To waftc in profufion. 

Ben yohnfon, 

33. To eafl away. To ruin. Hooker. 

34. To cafl down. To dejeft ; to deprefs 
the mind. Jddifon. 
^^.Tocafoff. Todifcard. Milton. 

36. To cajl off. To dilburden one's felf 
of. Tilhtjov. 

37. To caji off. To leave behind. 

L' EJIrange, 

38. To caji cut. To turnout of doors. 


39. To cafl out. To vent ; to fpeak. 

•^ Jddfon. 

40. To cafi up. To compute ; to calculate, 
e.\. To caji up. To vomit. Dryden. 

To' CAST. v. n. 

I, To contrive j to turn the thoughts, 

$^snjcr, Pcfct 


£. Ta ?dmit of a form, by cafling «r melt- 
ing- ■ Wood-.vafd. 
3. To warp; to grov/out of form. iJfo;cort, 
CAST./, [from the verb.] 

I. The aft of carting or throwing; a 
throw. Waller, 
S. Stat e itj tiin cafl or thrown. 


3. The fp acef.irough which any thing is 
thrown. Lukr. 

4. A ftroke ; a touch. South, Swifts 

5. Motion of the eye. Digby, 

6. The throw office, 

7. Chance from the caft of dice. Sou'h, 

8. A mould ; a form. Prior. 

9. A /hade; or tendency to any colour. 


10. Exterior appearance. Denham, 

II. Manner; air; mien. P^pe, 
12. A flightof hawks. " SIdny. 

CA'STANET. /. [c.2/laneia, Span.] Small 
ihel.'s of ivory, or hard wood, which danc- 
ers rattle in their hands. Con^ren/e. 

CA'STAWAY,/. [from caft and aivay.] 

A perfon loll, or abandoned by providence.- 


CA'STAWAY. a. Ufelefs. Rahgb, 

CA'STELLAiN.'y". [cajMano, Span.J Con- 
flable of a caftie. 

CA'STELLAKY. /. [from <:#V.] Thema- 
nour or lordfhip belonging to a caftle. 


CA'STELLATED. a. [(Tomiafle.] Inclof- 
ed within a building, 

CA'STER. /. [from to ca^.] 

1. A thrower ; he that calls. Popfit 

2. A calculator j ,a man that calculates 
fortunes. Addifon, 

To CA'STIGATE. -v. a. [cafigo, Lat.] 
Tochallife ; to chaften ; to pimifh, Shak^ 

CASTIGA'TION. /, [from to cajiigate.'} 
I. Penance ; difcipline. Shakefpeare, 

a. Punifhment ; correftion. Hah, 

3. Emendation, Boyle, 
CA'STJGATORY. a. [kom c.ifigate.'^ Pu- 
nitive. Bramhall, 

CASTING-NET. /. A net to be thro.wu 
into the water. May, 

CA'STLE. /. [cajIcUum, Lat.J 

I. A boufe fortified, Shakefpeare, 

s. C.\sTLES m the air. Projects without 
reality. Raleigh, 

CASTLE SOAP. /, [Cajlile foaJ>.] A kind 
ofloap, Addtfon, 

CASTLED, a. [from cofile.1 Furnifhed with 
caflles. Dryden, 

CASTLING./, [fromf.^;?.] An abortive. 


CA'STOR. /. [cjfor, Lat.] A beaver. 

CASTOR and POLLUX. [In meteorology.] 

A tiry meteor, which at lea f-ems fome- 

time^ ftKkirgCo apanuf theihip, inform 

ni iraiiJj Chaminn^ 



CASTO'REUM. f. [from cajlor. In phar- 

rnacy.l A liqviid matter inclofcd in bdsgs 

cr purfeP, near t!ie anus of the caftor, 

falfely taken tor his tefticles, Cbambcn, 

CASTRAMETA'TION. /. [ajjli-amecor.] 

The art or pradtice of encamping. 
To CA'STRATE. ^^ a. {cajlro, Lat.] 
J. To geld. 

2. To take away the obfcene parts of a 
CASTRATION./, [from cafirate.'] The 
ad: of gelding. Sharp. 

CA'.S TERIL. ? /. A mean or degenerate 
CA'STR^EL. 5 '''"d of hawk. 
CASTRE'NSIAN. a. [cajirenjis, Lat ] Be- 
longing to a camp. 
CA'SUAL. a. [cafuel, Fr.j Accidental} 
arifing from chance. D'^'vies, Clarendon, 
CA'SUALLY. a</, [ixomcajual. Accident- 
ally ; without deCgn. Bacon. 
CA'SUALNESS. /. {.from cafual.'[ Acci- 

CA'SUALTY. /. [from cajual.l 

]. Accident j a thing happening by chance. 

s. Chance that produces unnatural death. 
€A'SUIST. /. [cafuifie, Fr. from cajus, 
Lat. J One that ftudies and fettles cafes of 
confcience. South, 

CASUrSTlCAL. a. [from cafulfi.l Relat- 
ting to cafes af confcience. South, 

CASUISTRY. /. [from cajuiji.1 The fci- 
ence of a cal'uift. Pope. 

CAT. /. [}iatx. Teuton, chat, Fr.] A do- 
meftick animal that catches mice. Sbakefp, 
CAT. /. A fort of fhip. 
CAT in the pjn. Turning of the cat in the 
pan, is, when that which a man fays ta 
another, he fays it as if another had faid it 
to him. ' Bacon. 

CAT o' nine tails, A whip with nine lalhes, 
CJTJCHRE'SIS. f. [xa'?a'x?i9-<c] Theabufe 
of a trope, when the words are too far 
wrefted from their native fignification j a 
'•voice beautiful to the ear. 
CA TACHRE'SriCAL. a. [from catachre- 
Ji:.] Forced 5 far fetched. Broivn. 

CATACLYSM. /. [xa1«x?,i/V(U©'.J Ade- 
liige ; an inundation. Hale. 

CA'TACOMBS. /. [from «ala and ki/xSB-, 
a hollow or cavity, j Subtenaneoui cavi- 
ties for the burial of the dead. 
CATAGMATICK. a. [xara^^^aa, a frac- 
ture.] That w hich has the quality of ccn- 
folidaiing the parts, JVifeman. 

CATALE'PSiS. /. [KiCiixUs-i!;.} A dif- 
cafe, wherein the patient ik without fenfe, 
and remains in the fame poituie which the 
■ difeafe feizeth him. 

CATALOGUE./. \_y.:iU>-iy^.] An -jnu- 
SiSr-.uio:! <ji parjicuiais j a lif;. 


CATAMO'UNTATN. /. [ from- rit 3r<J 
fnsuntam.] A fierce animal, rcfembling a 
^^^- ^rlutbnct. 

CA'TAPHRACT. /. {catapbraaa, Lat.) 
A horfeman in complete armour. Milton. 

CA'TAFLASM./. [xa7a5rXa<r/.ca.] A poul- 
^'c*"- ShaMpcare, Arbuthnot. 

CA'TAPULT. /. [catapuha, Lat.J An en- 
gine ufed anciently to throw R.ont%.Camden. 

CA'TARACT. / [jtala^axl,,'.] A fall of 
water from on high ; a cafcade. 

Shake jpeare, Bhchmore. 

CA'TARACT. An infpiilation of thecryf- 
talline humour of the eye j fometimes » 
pellicle that hinders the fight j the difeafe 
cure.1 by the needle. Bacm. 

CATARRH. /. [xalapp'iia.] A defluxion 
of a flrarp ferum from the glands about the 
head and throat. Mikon, South. 

CATARRHAL. 7 a. [from catarrh. \ Re- 

CATARRHOUS.S lating to the catarrh 5 
proceeding from a catarrh. Floyer, 

CATASTROPHE. / [;«1a<rT^(;4),\] 

1. The change or revolution, which pro- 
duces the condufion or final event of 9 
drama tick piece. Dennis^ 

2. A final event j generally unhappy. 

CA'TCAL./. [from cat and call.l A fqueak- 

ing inftrument, ul'ed in the piayhoufe to 

condemn plays. Pope, 

To CATCH, -v. a. preter. I catcbtd, or 

caught ; I have catchcd or caught, [ketfcn^ 


1. To lay hold on with the hand, j Sam, 

2. To flop any thing flying. Add:jon. 

3. To feize any thing by purfuit. Sbakcfp^ 

4. To flop ; to interrupt falling. SpcSacor» 

5. To enfnare j to intangle in a fnare. 


6. To receive fuddenly. Dryden, 

7. To laften fuddeniy upon ; to feize. 

Decay of Piety, 

8 . To pleafe j to feize the ailedions ; to 
charm. Dryden. 

9. To receive any contagion or difeafe. 

SbakefpearCf Pope. 
To CATCH, -v. ft. To be contagious ; to 
fpread infeftion. Addifon. 

CATCH. /. [from the verb.] 

1. Seizure J the aft of fei zing. Sidney. 

2. The aft of taking quickly. Bacon, 

3. A fbng fung in fucceilion. 

Dryden, Prior, 

4. Watch,j the poflure of leizing. 


5. An a<fvantage taken j hold laid on. 


6. The thing caught ; pro/it. Siiakefpcare. 

7. A ihort interval of aftion. Lode. 

8. A taint j a flight contagion. Glanviile, 

9. Any thing that catches, as a hook. 
13. A fnuil Iwift fd.iing (hip. 


C A t 

CA'TCHER. /. [from catch.] 
I. He that catches. 
a. That in which any thing is caught. 


CA'TCHFLY. /. [from catch and Jly.] A 
plant, campion. 

CATCHPOLL, [catch poll.] A ferjcant ; 
a bumbaihff. Bacon, Fhi/ifs. 

CA'TCHWORD. /. The word at the cor- 
ner of the p.ige under the laft line, which 
is repeated at the top of the next page. 

CATECHETICAL, a. [ from y.dkx;oi. ] 
Conlitting of queftions and anfwers. 


CATECHE'TICALLY. ad. In the way of 
queltion and anfwer. 

ToCA'TECHISE. -v. a. {naln^^i,}.] 

J. To inftrudt by aiking queftions. Sbak. 
a. To queftion j to interrog.ste ; to exa- 
mine. Sbaki'jpeare, Sivift. 

CA TECHISER. /. [from to caiechife.] One 
who catechizes. 

CATECHISM./, [fromxalnx'^a'-] A form 
of inihudtion by means of queltioDS and an- 
fwers, concerning religion. Hooter, 6ot/rb, 

CA'TECHIST. /. [:i:^V.x^<r>k-] One whole 

• f.harge is to queftion the uninllruitcd con- 
cerning religion. hammend. 

CATECHU'MEN. /. [>ia%'xuiJitv(^.'] One 
who it yet in the firft rudiments of chrilli- 
anity. StiUirivjhet, 

CATECHUME'NICAL. a. Belonging to the 

CATEGORICAL, a. [from category.] Ab. 
folute i adequate ; politive. Ocrerdon, 

CATEGO'RICALLY. a. Pofjtivel> j ex- 
ptefsly. Ci'.'/il 

CA'TEGORY. /, [natr.yo^U.] Aclafs; a 
rank ; an order of ideas j preditamenc. 


CATENA'RIAN. a. Rcliiing to a ch^in. 


ToCa'TENATE. f. a. [Ucimictena, Lat.] 

To chain. 
CATENA'TION. /. [from catena, Lat.] 

Link; regular connexion. Bicicn, 

To CA'TER. -v.n. [frtm cafsi.] To pro- 
vide fdod ; to buy in vidhials. ULakefpearc. 
CA'TER. /. [from the vcib.J Provider. 

CA'TER. /. [quatre, Fr.] The four of 

caTcis and dice. 
CA'TER COUSIN. /. A petty favourite ; 

one rela'ed by blood or mind. Rymer. 

CATERER. /. [from cater.] The provi- 

i;ore 01 purveyor. B. yohnjon, itoi.tb. 

Ca'TEKESS. /. [from cute ] A woman 

employed to provide viftuals. Miiton. 

CATERIT'LLAR. /. A woim, fuft^ii ed 

bv ! ave' ^nd Iruits. BMon. 

CATERPI'LLAR. /. A plant. 
To CATER WA'UL. i\ v. [tn.m cat.] 

I, To nwks a jwiic as cats in rutting time. 


a. To make any offenCve or odious noife* 


GATES. /. Viands j food ; di/h of meat. 

Ben Jcbnjon, 

CATFISH. /. A fea-fiih in the Welt In.* 

dies. Philips. 

CA'THARPINGS. /. Small ropes in a (hip< 

CATH.A'RTICAL. ? fl. [xaJagTjxof.l Purg. 
CATHARTICK. J ing. Boyle, 

CATHA'KTIC ALNESS. /. [from cathartt* 

cal. Purging quality. 
CA'THEAD. /. A kind of foflil. 


CA'THEAD. /. [In a fliip.] A piece of 

timber with two fhivers at one end, having 

a rope and a block. Sea Ditii 

CATHE'DRAL. a. [from cathedra, Lat.] , 

1, Epiicopal J containing the fee of a 
biftiop. Shakefpeare, 

2, Belonging to an epifcopal church. Locket 

3, Antique ; venerable. Pope, 
CATHE'DRAL. /. The .head church of a 

diocefe. jiddifon. 

CATHERINE PEAR. See Pear. Suckl. 

CATHETER. /. A hollow and fomewhac 
crooked mftrr.ment, to thruft into the 
bladder, to aihiT: in bringing away the 
urine, when the paffage is llopped. 


CA'THOLES. /. [In a ihip.] Two little 
holes allern above the gun-room ports. 

Sea Diff, 

CATHO'LICIS.M. /. [from catbohck.] Ad- 
herence to the catholick church. 

CATHOLICK. a. [catholiquc, Fr. xaSo- 
At/.o;.J Univerfal or general. 

Clanvilk, Rayt 

CATfiO'LICON. /. [catholiik.] An uni- 
veifa! medicine. Government oj the Tovgtie, 

CATKINS. /. {kctirhr,, Dutch.] Imper- 
fed flowers hanging from trees, in man* 
ner of a rope or cats tail. Chambcri, 


I. A difmembring knife, ufed by furgeons. 

i Harris. 

a. Cntgut; fiddle firings. Shakefpeare. 

CATMINT. [f^r-ni2, Lat.] The name of 
a plant. 

CATO'PTRICAL. a. [from catoptrickt-l 
Relating to the catoptricks, or vifion by 
refiefiion. Arbuthnott 

CATOPl RICKS. /. [y.arozal^r.y.] That 
part of opticks which treats of vifion by 

C.VTi'lPE. /. Cateal. 

CATS EVE. A ftone. Woodward^ 

CAT'S- FOOT. /. A herb ; aUhoof, ground. 

CAT'S-KEAD. /. A kind of apple. 


CAT'SILVER. /. A kind of foflile. 


G A V 


. I. A long round fubftance, that grows 
. upon nut-trees. 

2 A kind of reed. Philips. 

CA'T UP. /. A kind of pickle. Siuift. 

CATTLE. /. Beafts of pafture ; not wild 

nor domeftick. Shakcfpeure. 

CAVALCA'DE. f. [homcavalh.] Apro- 

ceffion on horfeback. 
CAVALI'ER. /. [cavalier, Fr.J 

1. A horreman j a knight. 

2. A gay fpjightly niilitary man. Sbakrip, 

3. The appellation of the pjrty of king 
■ Charles the firft. Sivi/c. 
CAVALI'ER. a. [from the fubft.j 

1. Gay ; fprightly ; warlike. 

2. Generous ; brave. Suckling, 

3. Difdainful j haughty. 
CAVALI'ERLY. ad. '[ from ca'valicr. ] 

Hauehtily j arrogantly j difdainfully. 

CA'VALRY. /. [cavalerie, Fr.] Horfe- 
troops. Bacon. Addifon, 

ToCA'VATE. v.a. [fa-ro, Lat'.] To hol- 

CAVA'ZION. /. [itom ca-vo, Lat.] The 
hollowing of the earth for cellarage. 


CA'UDLE. /. [chittdeau, Fr.] A mixture 
of wine and other ingredients, given to 
women in childbed. Sbahjpeare. 

To CAUDLE, -v. a. To make caudle. 


CAVE. /. [ca-ve, Fr.] 

1. A cavern 5 a den. Wottoti, Dryden, 

2. A hollow ; any hollow place. Bacon. 
To CAVE. "v. n, [from the noun.] To 

dwell in a cave. Sha'^efpcare, 

CAVE'AT. /. A caveat is an int.mation 

given to feme ordinary or ecckiiaftical 

judge, notifying to him, that he oiight to 

beware how he a£ts. Ayliffe. Trumhiill. 

CA'VERN. /. {caijcrna, Lat.j A hollow 

place in the ground. Sbakefpeare, 

CA'VERNED. a. [from ca-vern.'^ 

1. Full of caverns J hollow j excavated. 


2. Inhabiting a cavern. Pope, 
CAVERNOUS, a. [from ca-verr,.'] Full 

of caverns. Wooditsard. 

CA'yESSON. /. [Fr. In horfemanlhip.] A 
fort of nofeband, put into the ncfe of a 
horfe. Farricr^i Die?, 

CAUF. /. A cheft with hole?, to keep fiia 
alive in the water. Fbi/.ps. 

CAUGHT, parti. p^Jf. [from to catcb.'^ 

CAVIA'RE. /. The eggs of a ftuigeon fail- 
ed. , Greiv, 

To CA'VIL. I'.n. [M-ulV/ff] Toraife cap- 
tious and frivolous objeftioas. Pope, 

To CA'VIL. -v. a. To receive or treat with 
cbje£lions, Milton. 

CA'VIL. /. Falfe or frivolous objeflions. 


C A U 

CAVILLA'TION. /. The difpcfitiort to 
make captious obiedlion. Hooker 

CA'VILLER. /. [ca'uU!ator,■L■^r.■] An unl 
fair advetfary ; a captious difpotant. 

Add'fon. ./irterhurv. 

CA'VILLINGLY. ad. [from Mw7/,r^.] fn 

a cavilling manner, 
CA'VILLOUS. a. [from cat'//.] Full of 

objeftions. Ayliffe, 

CA'i^lN. f. [French.] A natural hollow. 

CA'VITY. /. [ca-vitas, Litin.] Hullow- 
nefs ; hollowi Berr/ev, 

CAUK. /. A coarfe talky fpar. ^oodivard^ 
CAUL. /. 

1. The net in which women inclafe their 
hair ; the hinder part of a woman's cap. 

Dry den, 

2. Any kind of fmall net. Grew. 

3. The integument in which the guts are 
inclofed. jj^y, 

CAULIFEROUS. a. [from cavils, a ftalk, 

and fero.'] A term for fuch plants as have 

a true ftalk. 
C A ULIFLO WER . /. [cauUs, Lat. J A fpe- 

cies of cabbage. Evhn. 

To CAU'PONATE. -v. tt. [caufor.o, Lat.j 

To fell wine or viiSuals. 
CAU'SABLE. a. [from caufo^ low Lat.j 

That which may be caufed. Brotvnt 

CAU'SAL. a. [caufalii, low Lat.] Relating 

to cau.''es. Glannjille, 

CAUSA'LITY. /. {cavjditas, low Latin.J 

The agency of a caufe j the quality of 

caufing. Bro'Kn, 

CA'U.^ALLY. ad. [from caufal.] According 

to the order of caufes. Brcwn^ 

CAUSA'TION. /. [from cau^o, low Lat.j 

The aft or power of cauling. Broivn, 

CA'USATIVE. a. That exprefles axaufe 

or reafon. 
CAUS A'TOR. /. [from {aufo.-\ A canfer j 

an authour. Broivn, 

CAU.SE. /. [caiifa, Lat.] 

1. That Vifhich produces or effefts any 
thing ; the efncient. HcAer. Locke, 

2. The reafon 5 motive to any thing. 

Houth. Rowem 

3. Subjedl of litigation. Sbakefpeare, 

4. Side ; party. Tickdl. 
To CAUSE, -o.a. [from the noun.] To 

efFedl as an agent. Locke, 

CAU'SELESLY. ad. \JtomcauJeleJs.'\ With- 
out caufe ; without renfon. " Taylor. 
CAU'SELESS. a. \{iom can fe.l^ 

1, Original to itfelf. Blackwore, 

2. Without juft ground or motive. 
C.A'USER. /. [UoTtictiuje. He that caufes j 

the agent by which an effed is produced. 


CA'USEY. 7 /. lchajree,Yx.] Away 

CA'USEWAY. 5 railed and paved, above 

the reft of the ground, i Ct-cn. Pope. 

S CAU'5. 

C E D 

GA'USTICAL. 7 a. [xcuc'itaj.] Belonging 

CAU'STICK. 5 to medicaments which, by 
their violent aflivity and heat, deftroy the 
texture of the part to which they are ap- 
plied, and burn iC into an efchar. 

"" Wijeriian. Atbuthnot. 

CA'USTICK. /. A cauftick or burning ap- 
plication, teti-.f.t. 

CA'UTEL, /. {^iiutda, Lat.] Caution ; 
fcruple. ■ • Sbak,jpea>e. 

CA'UTELOUS. a. [cautekux, Fr.] 

I. Cdutious j wary. ffotton. 

Z. Wily ; cunning. Sf:njcr. Sbakeff>ejre. 

CA'UTELOUSLY. ad. Cunningly ; flily ; 
cautioully ; warily. Brozvn. Bacon. 

CAUTERIZA'TION. /. [from cauunxe.l^ 
The ad of burning ficili with hot irons. 


To CA'UTERIZE. -v. a- {cauttrifer, Fr.] 
To burn with the cautery. Sharp. 

CAUTERY. /. [xaio), uro.'\ Cautery is 
either adual or potential ; the firft is burn- 
ing by a hot iron, and the latter with 
cauftick medicines. PFijeman. 

CA'UTION, /. [caution, Fr.J 

I. Piudence, forefight j provident care j 


a. Security. Sidney. 

3. Provifionary precept. Arhutbnn:, 

A. Warning. 

To CA'UTION. -u. a. [from the noun.] 
To warn ; t» give notice of a danger. 


C E L 

them produced out of one tubercle ; it hath 
msje-flowers. The feeds are produced in 
large cones, fqaamofe and turbinated. The 
extenfion of the branches is very regular in 
cedar trees. 
CE'DRINE. a. [cedrinut, Lat.] Of or be- 
longing to the cedar tree. 
To CEIL. -v. a. [calo, Lat.] To overlay, 
or cover the inner roof of a building. 

Decay of Piety. 

CE'ILING. /. [from ceil.] The inner roof. 

Bacon, Milton, 

CELANDINE. A plant. 

CE'LATURE. /. {calatura, Lat.] The 

art of engraving. 
To CE'LEBRATE. -v. a. [celebro, Lat.] 
I. To praife 3 to commend. Addifon, 

a. To diftinguifli by folemn rites. 

a Maccab, 
3. To mention in a fet or folemn manner. 
CELEBRATION, f. [from celebrate.] 

1. Solemn performance; folemn remem- 
biance. Sidney^ Taylor, 

2. Praife; renown ; memoriaL Clarendon. 
CELE'BRIOUS. a. [celeber, Lat.] Famous j 

renowned. Grew. 

CELE'BRIOUSLY. ad. [from celebriout.] 
In 3 famous manner. 

CELE'BRIOUSNESS. /. [from cekbriom.] 
Renown ; fame, 

CELE'BRITY. /. [celebritas, Lat.] Cele- 
bration ; fame. Bacon, 

CA'UTION ARY. a. [from cfl»r;5n.] Given CELE'RIACK. Turncp- rooted celery 

as a pledge, or in feciirity. Souihirne. '^^"-'""^'" 

C.AUTIOUS. a. [from cautus, Lat.] Wary j 
watchful. Swift. 

CAUTIOUSLY, ad. In an wary manner. 

Dry den. 
CA'UTIOUSNESS. /. [ from cautious. ] 
Watchtulnels ; vigilance ; circumfpeftion. 
K.^ Charltt. Addil>,n. 
To CAW. ■:'. n. To cry as the rook, or 
crow. Addifon. 

CA'YMAN. /. American alligator or cro- 
codile, /r T 1 
To CEASE, v.n. [ceffer, ?r. cejfo, Lat.J 
». To leave off ; to flop ; to give over, 

2. To fail 5 to be extinit. Hale. 

■X To beat an end. D'yden. 

To' CEASE, -v. a. To put a ftop to. 

Shaiefp^are. Milton. 
CEASE./ Extinaion ; failure. Shakejp-are. 
CE'ASELESS. a. IncelTant ; perpetual ; 

continual. Fairfax. 

CE'CITY. /. [cacitas, Lat.] Blindnefs ; 

privation of fisht. Broivn. 

CECU'TIENCY. /. {cacutio, Lat,] Cloudi. 

nefs of fight. Brci^n. 

CE'DAR. /. [cedrai, hit.] A tree. It is 

evergreen ; the leaves are much narrower 

thanthofeof the pine-tree, and many of 

CELE'RITY. /. [celeritoi, Lat.] Swiftnefs ; 
Ipeed j velocity. Hooker^ Digby, 

CE'LERV. A fpecies of farflty. 
CELE'STIAL. a. [celejiis, Lat.J 

1. Heavenly 5 relating to the fuperiour re- 
gions. Sbukefpeare, 

2. Heavenly J relating to the bleffed ftate. 

3. Heatenly, with refpecl to excellence. 

CELE'STIAL, /. An inhabitant of heaven. 

CELE'STIALLY. od. In a heavenly man- 

To CELE'STIFY. v, a. [from cehftis, Lat.] 

To give fomething of heavenly nature to 

any thirfg. Brown. 

CE'LIACK. a. [xo<Xia, the belly.] Relating 

to the lower belly. Arbuthnot. 

CE'LIBACY. /. [ from ccelehi, Latin. ] 

Single life. Atterbury. 

CE'LIBATE. /. [ccelibatuiy Lat.] Single 

life. Graunt, 

CELL. /. [cf//a, Lat.] 

1. A fmaU cavity or hollow place. 


2. The cave or little habitation of a reli- 
gious perfon. Denbam, 

3. A fmall and cbfc apartment in a prifon. 

4. A»y 

C E N 

4. Any ftnall place of lefidence. Milton. 
CE'LLAR. /. [cel/a, Lat.] A place under 

ground, where flores ate repoficed. 

CE'LLAR AGE. /. [from cel/ar.] The part 

of the building which makes the cellars. 
GE1.LARIST. /. [re/larius, Lat.j The 

butler in a religious houfe. 
CELLULAR, a [cei/ula, Lat.] Confifting 

of little cells or cavities. Sharp. 

CE'LSITUDE. f. Uel/itudo, Lat.] Height. 
CE'MENT. /. Icamentum, Lat.] 

1. The matter with which two bodies are 
made to cohere. Bacon. 

2. Bond of union in friendlhip. South, 
To CEME'NT. 1/. a. [from the noun.] To 

unite by means of foniething interpofed. 


To CEME'NT. v. n. To come into con- 
iunftinn ; to cohere. Sharp, 

CEMENTA'TION. /. {irom cement .'\ The 
a 61 of cementing. 

CEMETERY. /. [xoi/i^rln^ov. ] A place 
where the dead are repofited. Addifon. 

CE'NATORY. a. [ceno, Lat.] Relating to 
fupper. Brczcn. 

CENOBI'TICAL, a, [x»a«c and ^/of . ] Liv- 
ing in community. Stdltn^eet, 

CE'NOTAPH. /. [KEvo.-andla^,;.] A mo- 
nument for One clfewhwe. Drydcn, 

CENSE./. [«»/«, Lat. J Publick rates. Ba, 

To CENSE, -v. a. [fff«»/eT, Fr.J To per- 
tume with odours. Dryden. 

CE'NSER. /. \encenfoir, Fr.] The pan in 
which incenfe is burned. Peacbam, 

CENSOR. /. {eenfor, Lat ] 

1. An officer of Rome, who had the power 
of correfting manners. 

2. One who is given to cenfure. Rofcommon. 
CENSO'RIAN. a. [from eenfor,] Relating 

to the eenfor. Bacon. 

CENSO'RIOUS. a. [from cenjor.] Addid- 
ed to cenfure ; fevere. Sprat, 

CENSO'RIOUSLY. ad. In a fevere reflea. 
ing manner. 

CENSO'RIOUSNESS. /, Difpofition to re- 
proach. Tithifon. 

CE'NSORSHIP. /. [from ««>.] The 
office of a eenfor. Broivn. 

CE'NSURABLE. a. [from cenfure.] Wor- 
thy of cenfure ; culpable. Locke, 

CE NSURABLENESS. /. Blamablenefs. 

CE'NSURE. /. [cenfura, Latin.] 

I. Blame ; reprimand j reproach. Pope, 
ft- Judgment ; opinion. Sbakefpeare. 

3. Jud;cial fentence. Stak'fpeare. 

4. Spiritual punifhment. . Hamntond, 
To CE'NSURE. -v. a. [cenfurer, Fr.] 

1. To blame j to brand publickly. 


2. To condemn, 
CE'-NSURER. /. He that blamw. Mdifon. 

C E R 

CENT. /. Iccntum, Lat.] A hundred ; w, 
five per cent, that is, five in the hundred. 
CENTAUR./, [centaurut, Lat.] 

1. A poetical being, fuppofcd to be com- 
pounded of a man and a horfe. Tbomfon, 

2. The archer in the zodiack. Thotnfan. 

CENTAURY. A plant. 

CE'NTENARY. [centenariu:.] The num- 
ber of a hundred. Hakc-well. 

CENTE'SIMAL. / [centefmus, Latin.] 

Hundredth. Arbutbnot. 

CENTIFO'LIOUS. a. [ham centum iaAfo- 

Hum, Lat.] An hundred leaves. 
CE'NTIPEDE./. [centum in^ pes.) A poi- 

fonous infedt. 
CE'NTO. f, [cento, Lat. A cfimpofition 

formed by joining fcrapes from other au- 

<^hop. " Camden. 

CENTRAL, a. [from centre.] Relating to 

the centre. M^ocdward, 

CENTRALLY. «. With regard to the 

centre. Dryden. 

CE'NTRE. / [centrum, Lat.] The middle. 

To CE'NTRE. -v, a. [from the noun] To 
place on a centre j to fix as on a centre. 

South t 
To CE'NTRE. t. n. 

1. To reft on ; to repafe on. 
Decay of Piety. yJtterbvry, 

2. To be placed in the midft or centre. 

CE'NTRICK. a, [from centre.} Placed in 
the centre. Donne, 

CENTRI'FUGAL. a. [centrum and fugio, 
Lat.] Having the quality acquired by bo- 
dies m motion, of receding from the centre, 

CENTRIPETAL, a. Having a tendency to 
the centre. Cbeyne, 


CE'NTUPLE. a, [centupkx, Lat.] An 

To CENTUPLICATE, -v. a. [centum zni 
plico^ Lat.] To make a hundred fold. 

To CENTU'RIATE. 1/. a. [centurio, Lat. J 

To divide into hundreds. 

CENTURIA'TOR. / [from century.] A 
name given to hiftorians, who dilimguiih 
times by centuries. Ayliffe. 

CENTU'RION. /. [centurio, Latin.] A 
military officer, who commanded an hun- 
dred men. Sbakefpeare, 

CE'NTURY. /. [centaria, Lat.] A hundred ; 
ufually employetf'Ksfpecify time j as. the 
fecond century. Bosh, 

CE'PHALALGY. /. [m^ax^y-) ia.] The 

CEPHA'LICK, a. [khhX^.] That which 
is medicinal to the head. A'buthnot. 

CERA'STES,f. [xsj^r^.] A fcipent hav- 
ing horns. Miito?. 

CE'RATE. /. [cera, Lat, wax.] A meo*-, 

cine made of wax, ^' '"T. 


C E R 

eE'RATED. a. [ccmtus, Lat.] Waxed. 
To CERE. -v. a. [from ceray Lat. wax.] To 

wax. Wijeman. 

CE'REBEL. /. [cerebdlum, Lat.] Part of 

the brain. ' Derham. 

CE'RECLOTH. /. [from cere and doth.] 

Cloth fmeared over with glutinous matter. 
CE'REMENT. /. [from cera, Lat. wax.] 

Cloaths dipped in melted wax, with which 

dead bodies were infolded. Skakefpeare. 
CEREMONIAL, a. [from cercKO'iy:\ 

3. Relating to ceremony, or outward rite. 

a. Formal ; obfervant of old forms. 

CEREMO'NIAL. /. [fmm cereivony,'] 

1. Outward form ; external rite. Sivift. 
a. The order for rites and forms in the 
Roman church. 

CEREMO'NIALNESS. /. The quality of 

being cerf-m.^nial. 
CEREMONIOUS.,/!, [from ceremony. 1 

J. ConfiiHng of outward rites. tiouth. 

a. F'uil of i-Ciemony 5 awful. Sb^lefpeare. 

3. Attentive to the outward rites ofreJi- 
gion. Shakefpcare. 

4. Civil ; according to the flridt rules of 
civility. Addijon. 
^. Civil and formal to a fault. Sidney. 

-CEREMO'NIOUSLY. ad. In a ceremonious 
manner ; fnmally. Shakcfpeare. 

CEREMO NIOySNESS. /. Fondnefi of ce- 
• CE'REMONY. /. [ccrenwria. Lat.] 

,1. Outward vite j external form in reli- 
gion. Spevjer. 
a. Forms of civility, Baco-n. 
3. Outward forms of flate. Drydcn. 
CE'ROTE. /. The fame with cerate. 

CE'RTAIN. a. [certus, Lat.] 

3. Sure ; indubitable ; unqueflionable. 


2. Refolved ; determined. Milton. 
■%. In an indefinite fenfe, fome ; as, a 
certain man told me this. f^'i/kins. 

4. Undoubting; put pafl doubt. J)ryden, 
CE'RTAINLY.^fli. [from certain,'] 

I. Indubitably ; without quellion, Leckc, 
n. Without fail. 
PE'RTAIN jY, J, [from certain.] 

1. Exemption from doubt. Locke. 
Z. That which is real and fixed. Shakefp. 

CE'RTES. ad. [certci'l Fr.] Certainly ; in 
truth. Hudibras. 

fERTFFICATE. /. [certlficat, low Lat.] 
J.. A writing mace in any court, to give 
notice tp anpther court of any thing dene 
therein. Cnuef, 

2. Any tefiin-.ony. Addtfor\. 
ToCE-RT|FY. -v. a. [certifer, Fr,] To 

■ give certain information ot. Harfur.ond. 
CERTLORjiRI, I. [Lnin.] 

C H A 

Ont of the chancery, to call up therec^ords 

of a caufe therein depending. Cotvel, 

CE'RTITUDE. /. [certitudo, Lat.] Cer- 
tainty J freedom from doubt. Dryden. 

CERVI'CAL. «. {cer'vicaiii, LU.] Belong- 
ing to the neck. Cheyne. 

CERU'LEAN. 7 a. [cteruleus, Lat.] Blue 5 

CERU'LEOUS. i fky-coioured. Boyle. 

CERU'LIFICK. a. [fVom cerukouu] Hav- 
ing the power to produce a blue coiopr, . 


CERV'MEN. f. [Latin,] The wax of the 

CEiRUSE. /. [cerujfa, Lat.] White lead. 


CES,VRIAN. a. [from Cafar.] The Ccfa- 
rran fedlion is cutting a chijd out of the 
womb. ^Ji'^^y- 

CESS./, [ftomcenfe.] 

1. A levy ma^e upon the )n|iabitants of a 
place, rated according to their property. 


2. The a£t of laying rates. 

3. Bounds or limits. Shaiejpeare. 
To CESS. -v. a. To rate 5 to lay chajge on. 

CESSA'TION. /. [c'fatlo, Lat.] 

1 . A flop ; a reft ; a vacation. Hayivard. 

2. A paule of hoftility, without peace. 

K. Charles. 

CESSAiyjr. f. [Latin.] A writ that lies 
upon this general ground, that the perfon, 
againft whom it is brought, hath, for two 
years, omitted to perform fuch fervice as 
he is obliged by his tenure. Co'wel. 

CESSIBILITY. /. The quality of reced- 
ing, or giving way. Digb'j, 

CE'SSIBLE. fl. [f(^»:, Lat.] Eafytogive 
way. • Digiiy, 

CESSION. /. [cc/isn, Fr.] ^ 

1. Retreat; the adt of giving way. ^arop. " 
2- Re^gnation. Temple. 

CE'SSIONARY. a. [from ctjfion,] Implying 
a refignat;on. 

CE'SSMENT. /. [from cefs.] An afTefl- 
ment or tax. 

pE'SSOR. /. [from cefo, Lat.] He that 
ceafeth or neglefleth fo long to perform a 
duty belonging to him, as that he incuir- 
reth the danger of law. Coivel, 

CE'STLS.f. [Latin.] The girdle of Venu?. 


CETA'CEOUS. a. [from cete, Lat.] Of 
the whale kind. Broivn. Ray, 

CHAD. /. A fort of fi/h. Careiv, 

To CHAFF, -u. a. [eckavffcr, Fr,] 
I. To warm with rubbing. Sidney. 

Z. To heat. Shakefpeare. 

3. To perfume. Suckling. 

4. To make angry. Hayivard. Knolks, 
"To CHAFF, -v.n. 

I. To rage ; to fret ; to fume. Pppe. 

%, To fjet againft any thing, Sbakefpeart. 
- • ' .' CHAS^F. 

C H A 

CHAFE. /. [from the- verb.] A heat ; a 
rage ; a fury. Hudibras, 

CHAFE WAX. /. An officer belonging to 
the lord high chancellor, who fits the wax 
for the fejling of writs. ' Harris. 

CHA'FER. /. [repp.ji, Saxon.] An infeft J 
a fort of yellow beetle. 

CHA'FERY. /. A forge in an iron mill. 


CHAFF. /. [ceap, Saxon.] 

1. The hufks of C' rn that are feparated 
by threihing and winnowing. Dryden, 

2. It is ufed for any thing worthlef. 

To CHA'FFER. v. n. [kiuffev, Germ, to 
buy.] To hagi;le ; to bargain. Hivift. 

To CHATFER. v. a. 

I. To bu). Spenfer. 

1. To exchange. Sp-r'f'^r. 

CHATFEREX. /. [fromci.^er.] A buyer; 

CHATFERN. /. [from efrbavfcr, Fr. to 
heat.] A veffel for heating water. 

CHA'FFERY. f. [from chaffer.} Traffick. 


CHATFINCH. /. [from chaff &ni finch.'] 
A bird f) called, becaufe it delights in 
chaff. Phi.'iDs. 

CH.A'FFLESS, a. [from chaff.] Without 
chaff. Shakeffeare, 

CHA'FFWEED. /. Cudweed. 

CHAFFY, a. Like chaff j full of chaff. 


CHA'FINGDISH. /. [from chafe and dip,] 
A veflel to make any thing hot in ; a 
portable grate for coals. Bvon, 

CHAGRl'N. /. [chagrin», Fr.] Ill hu- 
mour ; vexation. Pope. 

ToCHaGRI'N. -v. a. [chagriner, Fr.] To 
vex ; to put nut of temper, 

CHAIN. /. [cbaine, Fr.] 

I. A feries of links faftened one within 
another, Genefis. 

z. A bond ; a mansde ; a fetter. Pope. 

3. A line of links with which land is 
meafured. Locke. 

4. A feries linked together. Hammpnd, 
To CHAIN, -v. a. [from the noun.] 

I. To fatten or link with a chain, Knollet. 
a. To bring into flavery. Pope. 

3. To put on a chain. KnoUes. 

4. To unite. Shakefpeare. 
CHA'INPUMP. /. [from chain and pump.] 

A pump ufed in laige Engli/h vefTels, 
which is double, lo that one rifes as the" 
other falls. C'^'ambcrs, 

CHA'INSHOT. /. [from chain and fijot.] 

Tv/o bullets or half bullets, faftened to- 

gether by a chain, which, v/hen they fiy 

open, cut away whatever is before thern. 


PHA'INWORK. /» Work with open fpaces. 


CHAIR. /. Ichair, Fr.] '^ 

I. A moveable feat. Watti. 

t. A feat of juftice, or of authority. 

3. A vehicle born by men ; a fedan. Pope. 

CHA'IRMAN. /. lUom chair and ;»:?«.] ' 

1. The prefident of an affembly. ^Vatts. 

2. One whofe trade it is to carry a chair. 

CHAISE. /. [chaife, Fr.] A carriage of 

pleafure drawn by one horfe. ^ddifon. 

CHALCO'GRAPHER, /. [x^\Kr.y^cl<p<^, 

of ^a):i(.(^, brafs.] An engraver in brafs, 
CHALCOGRAPHY. /. [ pc^^^yfafx- ] 

Engraving in brafs. 
CHA'LDER. 7 /. A dry EngH/h mea- 
CHA'LDRON. 5- fure of coals, confiding of 
CHA'UDRON. J thirty-fix bufhels heaped 

up. The chaudron fhould weigh two thou- 

fand pounds. Chambers. 

CHA'LICE. /. [calic, Saxon,] 

1. A cup J a bowl. Shakefpeare. 

2. It is generally ufed for a cup ufed in 
afts of wor/hip. Stillinsiffct, 

CHA'LICED. a. [fromcj/;>, Lat,] Having 
a cell or cup. Hhakejpeare. 

CHALK. /. [ cealc, Saxon. ] Chalk is a 
white fofliie, ufually reckoned a ftone, but 
by f me ranked among the boles. 

To CH-ALK, V. a. [from the noun.] 
f . To rub with chalk. 

2. To manure with chalk. Mortimer, 

3. To mark or trace out as with chalk. 

CHALK-CUTTER, /. A man that digs 
chalk. IVoodiuard, 

CHA'LKY. a. \Uom chalk] 

1. Confiding of chalk J white with chalk. 


2. Impregnated with chalk. Bacon, 
To CHA'LLENGE, -o. a. [chjhrger, Fr.] 

1, To call another to anfwer tor an of- 
fence by combat. Shakefpeare, 

2, To call to a conteff. Locke, 

3, To accufe. Shakefpeare. 

4, [In IdW.] To obje<n; to the impartiality 
of any one. Ha/e. 
e. To claim as due. Hooker, ylddifon. 
6. To call any one to the performance of 
conditions. Peacham, 

CHA'LLENGE. /. [from the verb.] 

J. A funimons to combat. Shakespeare, 

2. A demand of fomething as due, C-'Hier, 

3. [Inlaw.] An exemption taken cither 
agiinft perfons or things ; perfons, as in 
alfize to the jurors, or any one or mote of 
them, by the prifoner at the bar, Cfivsl. 

CHA'LLEKGER. /. [from cballenge.] 
1. One that defies or fummons another to 
combat, Dryden, 

3, One that claims fuperiority. S/jalefp. 
•?, A claimant. Hooker, 

•* CHALY- 

C H A 

CMALY'BEATE. a. [from ehalyhs, tat.] 

Ittipregnared with iron or fteel. Arhutbnot. 
CHAMA'DE. /. [French,] The beat of 
the drum which declares a furrenJer. 

CHA'MBER. /. [chamire, Fr.] 

J. An apartment in a houfe ; generally 
ufed for thoie appropriated to lodgfhg. 

3. Any retired room. Prior, 

3. Any cavity or hollow. Sharp, 

4> A court oi jufiice. . Ayliffe, 

5. The hollow part of a gun where the 
charge is lodged. 

7. The cavity where the powder is lodged 

in a mine. 

To CHA'MBER. -v. v. [from the noun.] 

I. To be wanton j to intrigue. Romans, 

1. To rellde as in a chamber. Shakefpeare. 

CHAMBERER. /. [from chamber,-^ A 

man of ustiigne. Shakefpeare, 

CHA'MBERFELLOV/. /. [from chamber 

and fiiloiu.'^ One that lies in the fame 

c'^imbcr. . SpcElutor. 

CHA'MBERLAIN. /". [from chamber. -\ 

I. Lord great ch^mberUin of England is 

the fixth I fficer of the crown. 

•a. Lod fh mberlain of the h )u/ho!d has 

the overfigh!: o^ all officers belonging to 

the king's clumbers, except the precinft 

of the belcinmber. Chambers. Clarendon. 

3. A I'e. vant who has the care of the 

chimbsrs. Shakefpeare, Drydcn. 

CHA'MBERLAINSHIP. /. \ixQm chamber- 

lain. The office of a chamberlain, 
CHA MBERMAID. /, [from chamber and 
p:ad.\ A maid whofe bufinefi is to drefs 
a l?dy. Bin. Johnfon. 

To CHA'MBLET. v. a. To vary j to va- 
riegate. Bacon. 
CHA'MBREL 0/ a harfi. The joint or 
bending of the upper p<irt 0* the hinder 
CHAME'LEON. /. [x=,aa;>.£i,v,] The cha- 
meleon has four feet, and on each foot three 
claws. lis tail is flat, its nofe long, its 
back is Ihatp, its fkin plaited. .Vome 
have aflerted, that it lives only upon sir; 
but it has been obferved td feed on flies. 
This animal is faid to aiTiiniS the colour 
of thofe things to which i? is applied. 

Bacot!. Drydcn. 
To CHA'MFER. -v. a. [ctair.brer, Fr.J To 

CHA'MFER, 7 '. A f'mall for'-o-V or gut- 
CHA'MFRET. ^ -f r on a colamn. 
CHA'MLET. f. See Camf.i.ot. Peacram. 
CHA'MOIS, f. [ci:amois, Fr.J An animal 
of the goat liind. Dsuteronomy. 

CHA'MOMILE, /, [;,a;o6a.7xt;>fiv.] The 
name of an odoriferous plant. Spefifer, 

ToCJiAMP, V, a. [champf^jc, Fr.] 


f. To bite with a frequent aftion of the 

teeth. Bacon. 

2. To devour, Spiffator. 

To CHAMP. 'V. tt. To perform frequently 

the adtion of biting. Sidney, JViJeman, 
CHA'iVIPAIGN. /, [campagne, Fr.] A flat 

open country. Spenfer, Milton. 

CHA'MPERTORS. /. [from champerty.] 

Such as move fuits at their proper cofts, 

to have part of the gains. 
CHA'MPERTY. /. [champart, Tr.] A 

maintenance of any man in his fuit to 

have part of the thing recovered, 
CHAMPI'GNON. /. [champignon, Fr.] A 

kind of mulhroom. Wood'ward, 

CHA'MPION. /. {champion, Fr.] 

1. A man who undertakes a caufe in 
fingle combat. Drydeth 

2. A hero ; a ftout warriour, Locke. 
To CHA'MPION. -v. a. To challenge. 

CHANCE. /. [chance, Fr.] 

1. Fortune 3 thecaufeof fortuitous events. 


». The ad of fortune. Bacon. 

3. Accident j cafual occurrence ; fortuitous 
event. South, Pope, 

4. Event ; fuccefs ; luck. Shakefpeare. 

5. Misfortune ; unlucky accident. Shak, 

6. Po/Tibility of any occurrence. Milton. 
To CHANCE. V. n. [from the noun.] To 

happen 5 to fall out. Knollei. 

CHANCE-MEDLEY. /. [from chance and 
medley. '^ In law, the cafual (laughter of 
a man, not altogether without the fault 
of the (layer, Cotuel. South. 

CHA'NCEABLE. a. [from chance.] Ac- 
cidental. Sidney. 

CHA'NCEL. /. [from caticeHi, Lat.] The 
eaflern part of the church, in which the || 
altar is placed. Hooker. Addtfon, ^ 

CHA'NCELLOR./. [cancellanus, Lat. ehan- 
celier^ Fr.] 

1, The chancellnr hath power to moderate 
and temper the written law, and fubjcdteth 
himfelf only to the Jaw of nature and 
ronfcience. Coivel. Swift. 

z. Chancellor in the Ecclejiafiicat 
Court. A bifliop's lawyer, to direift the 
biihops in matters of judgment, Ayliffe. 
3, Chakcf. T-LOR of a Citbedral, A 
dignitary, vvhofe office it is to fuperintcnd 
the regular exercife of devotion. 
i)L. Ch A.KCY.l.l.oti of the Exchequer, fi.n 
officer who fits in that court, and in the 
exchequer chamber, and, with the reft of 
the court, ordereth lh^ng3 to the king's 
be ft benefit. Co-wel,. 

5. CirANCELLOR«/'d» Vnivtrjity. The 
principal magiiJrate. 
CHA'NCELLORSHIP, /. The office of 
r;haijcelior. Camden. 


C H A 

CHA'NCERY. /. [ probaUly chanctlUry j 

then fhortened. ] The court of equity 

and confeience. ' Coivel, 

CHA'NCRE. /. [cbantre, Fr.] An ulcer 

ufually arifing from venereal maladies. 

CHA'NCROUS. «. [from chaxicre.'\ Ulcer- 

ous. PFifeman. • 

CHANDELI'ER. /. [chandelier, Fr.j A 

branch for candies, 
CHA'NDLER. /. [chandc!ier, Fr.] An ar- 

tifan whofe trade it is to make candles. Gay, 
CHAiNFRIN. f. [old French.] The fore- 

part of the head of ahorfe. Farrier i DiB. 
To CHANGE, v. a. [changer, Fr.] 

1. To put one thing in the place of an- 
other. Bacon. 

2. To refign any thing for the fake of 
another. South, Dryden, 

^ 3. To difcount a larger piece of money 

B into feveral fmaller. S'wifi. 

p 4. To give and take reciprocally. Taylor, 

5. To alter. Ecclus. 

6. To mend the difpofition or mind. 

To CHANGE, -v. n. To undergo change ; 
to fuftl • alteration. Sbakefpeare, 

CHANGE. /. [from the verb.] 

1. An alteration of thcftateof anything. 


2. A fucceffion of one thing in the place 
of another. Prior, 

3. The time of the moon in which it be- 
gins a new monthly revolution. Bacon, 

4. Novelty. Dryden. 

5. An alteration of the order in which a 
fet of bells is founded. Norris. 

6. That which makes a variety. Judges. 

7. Small money, Siuift, 
GHA'NGEABLE. a. [from change.'\ 

% I. Subjed. to change j fickle ; inconftant. 

a. Poflible to be changed. Arbuthnot, 

3. Having the quality of exhibiting dif- 
ferent appearances, Shakejpeare, 
CHA'NGEABLENESS. /. [from change- 
able.] ^ ■■ ^ 

1, Sufceptibility of change. Hr.ker, 

2. Inconftancy ; ficklenefs. Sidney. 
CHA'NGEABLY. ad. Inconftantly. 
CHANGEFUL, a. Inconftant 5 uncertain ; 

mutable. Pope, 

CHA'NGELING. /. [it om change.] 

J. A child left or taken in the place of 
another. Spenfcr. 

2. An ideot ; a natural. Dryden. 

3. One apt to change , iv/iverer.Hudibras, 
CHA'NGER. /. One that is employed in 

changing or difcuunting money. 
CHA'NNEL. /. [canal, Fr.] 

I. The hollow bed of running, waters. 

Spenfer, Bentley. 

z» Any cayity drawn longways, Drydtn, 

C H A 

3. A ftrait or narrow fea. 

4. A gutter or furrow of a pillar. 

To CHA'NNEL. -v. a. To cut any thing 
m channels. Wotton. Blacbnore. 

To CHANT, -v. a. [chanter, Fr.] 

1. To fing, Spenfer, 

2. To celebrate by fong. Bramball, 
3- To fing in the cathedral fervice. 

To CHANT, -v. n. To fing. Amos. 

CHANr. /. S')Dg; melody. Milton. 

CHA'NTER. /. A finger ; a fongfter. 

Wonvr., Pope. 
CHA'NTICLEER. /. [from chanter and 
clair, Fr,] The cock, from his crov/. 

Bsn. yobnfon. Dryden, 
CHA'NTRESS. /. [from chant.] A wo- 
man fingei. Milton; 
CHANTRY. /. [from chant.] Chantry is 
a church endowed with revenue for priefts, 
to fing mafs for the fouls of the donors. 

CHA'OS, /. [chaos, Lat,] 

1. The mafs of matter fuppofed to be m 

confufion before it was divided by the 

creation into its proper ciafles and elements. 


a. Confufion ; irregular mixture. Charles, 

3. Any thing where the parts are un- 
diftinguifhed. Pope. 

CHAOTICK. a. [from chaos.] Refembling 

chaos ; confufed. Derham. 

To CHAP, "v. a. [happen, Dutch.] To 

break into hiatus, or gapings. Blackmore, 
CHAP. /. A cleft J a gaping ; a chink. 

CHAP. /. The upper or under part of a 

heart's mouth. Gre^v, 

CHAPE. /. [chappe,Yr.] The catch of any 

thing by which It is held in its place. Sbak. 
CHA'PEL. /. [ciipella, Lat.] A chapel is 

either adjoining to a church, as a parcel 

of the fame, or feparate, called a chapel 

of eafe, Coivel. Sidney. Ayliffe, 

CHA'PELESS. a. Without a chape, 

CHAPKLLANY, /. A chapellany is fuunded 

within fome other church, Ayliffe. 

CHAPE'LRV, /, [from chapel.] The ju- 

rifdiftion or bounds of a chapd. 
CHA'PERON. f. A kind of hood worn by 

the knights of the garter. Camden, 

CHA'PFALN'. a. [from chap and faUu] 

Having the mouth /hrunk. Dryden. 

CHA'PITER. /. [diap^tcau, Fr.] Cspitai 

of a pillar. Exodi^i. 

CHA'PLAIN. /. [capellanut, Latin.] He 

that attends the king, or other perfon, 

for the inftrudlion of him and his family. 
Cozvel, Sheksfpeare. 
GHA'PLAINSHIP. /, [from ch^plam.] 

I. The office or bufinefs of a chaplain. 

a. The polTellioa or revenue oi a ch.pcj. 

C H A 

CHA'PLESS. a. [from ch^f.'] Without 
any fleft about the mouth. SLokcfpeare. 

CHA'PLET. /. [chapeUt, Fr.J 

I. A garland or wreath to be worn about 
the head. Suckling. 

». A ftnng o^ beads ufed in the Romifli 

3. [In architefture.] A little moulding 
carved into round beads. 

CHA'PMAN. /. [ceaprnan, Saxon.] A 
cheapner ; one that oilers as a purch.iier. 
Shakefpeare. Ben. Johnjon. Dr\<den, 

CHAPS./, [from c%.]. The mouth of a 
beaft of prey, Drydtn. 

CHAPr. 7 fart, fafi: [from tr chap.} 

CHA'PPED. 5 Cracked , cieft. B.Johtijcn. 

CHAPTER. /. [:c.jpi.'re, Fr.] 

I. A divifioii of a book. Sou'L. 

a. Chapter, from copitulum, an aflenjbly 
of the clergy of a cathedral. Ccivci. 

4. The place in which aiTemblies of the 
clergy are held. Jlylifft. 

CHA'PTREL. /. The capitals of pillars, 
or pillafters, which fupport arches. Mcx^n. 

CHAR. /. A fifh found only in Winander 
meer in Lancafhire. 

To CHAR, f, a. To burn wood to a black 
cinder. Wood-iuard, 

CHAR. /. [(ypjie, work, Saxon.] Work 
done by the day. Drydcn, 

To CHAR. ^.n. To work at others houies 
by the day, 

CHAR- WOMAN. /. A woman hired ac- 
cidentally for odd work, Hivift, 

CHARACTER. J. [charaaer, Lat.] 
I, A mark j a ftamp j a reprelentation, 

I. A letter ufed in writing or printing. 


3. The hand or manner of writing, 


4. A reprefentation of any man as to his 
perfonal qualities. Denham. 
t. An account of any thing as good or 
bad. Mdifor.. 

6. The perfon with his afTemblage of 

qualifies, Drydev, 

7. Perfonal qualities ; particular conftitu- 
tion of the mind. Pop';, 

8. Adventitious qualities imprefled by a 
poft or office, Atterbury, 

To CHA'RACTER. -v. a. To inlcribe ; to 

engrave. IShakcJpeare, 

CHARACTERI'STICAL. ? a. [fromr^a- 
CHARACTERI'STICK. 5 r^asrixc. ] 

That which conftitutes the charadler. 


chataiJeriftical. ] The quality of being 

peculiar to a character. 
CHARACTERI STICK. /. That which 

conftitutes the charader. Pope. 

C H A 

To CHA'RACTERIZE. 'v. a. [from cha' 

1. To give a characler or an account fi 
the perfonal qualities of any man. Htvift. 

2. To engrave, or imprmt. Hale, 

3. To mark with a particjlar ftamp or 
token. Arbuthnot. 

CHARACTERLESS, a. [from ciaraaer.\ .- 
Without a character. Shakefpeare. 

CHARACTERY. /. [from cbaraffer. } Im- 
preffion ; mark. Shakefpeare. 

CHARCOAL. /', [from to chark, to oum.J 
Coal made by burning wood under rurf. 


CHARD. /. \chjrde, Fr. ] 

I. Cbards of artichokes are the leaves of 
fair artichoke plants, tied and wrapped up 
all over but the top, in ftraw. Chambers. 

■ a. Chards of beet, are plants of white 
beet tranfplanted. Mertimer. 

To CHARGE, -v. a. [charger, Fr.j 1 

1. To entruft j to commiflion for a cer- 
tain purpofe. Shakefpeare, 

2. To impute as a debt, Locke. 

3. To impute. Pope. Watts, 

4. To impofe as a ta/k, Tillotfon. 

5. To accufe ; to cenfure, ~ Wake, 

6. To accufe. "Joh, 
' 7. To challenge, Shakefpeare. 

8. To command. Dryden, 

g. To fall upon; to attack. Gran-ville, 

10. To burden; to load. Temple, 

11. To fill. Addifon, 

J 2. To load a gun. ' 

CHARGE. /. [from the verb.] 

1. Care ; truft ; cuftody, Knalles, 

2. Precept ; mandate ; command. Hooker, 

3. Commiflion; truft conferred 3 office. 


4. Accuftition ; imputation. Shakefpeare, 

. 5. The thing entruited to care or manage- ^ 
ment. Milton, 

6. Expence ; coft. Spenfer, Dryden, 

7. Onfet ; attack. Bacon, 

8. The fignal to fall upon enemies. Dryden, 

9. The quantity of powder and ball put 
into a gun, 

. 10. A preparation or a fort of ointment, 
applied to the Ihoulder-fplaits and fprains 
of horfes. Far/ier^s DiB. 

11. [In heraldry.] The tharge is that 
which is born upon the colour, Peacham, 

CHA'RGEABLE. a. [from charge.] 

1. Expend ve ; coftly. Wotton, , 

. 2. Imputable, as a debtor crime. South. 
3, Subjedt to charge ; accufable. SpeSiator, 

CHA'RGEABLENESS. /. [from charge. 
able.] Expence ; coft ; cofllmefs. Boyle, 

CHA'RGEABLY, ad. [from chargeable.] 
Expenfively, Afcham, 

CHARGER. /. [from charge.] A large 

. jilb, Dcnbam, 



CHA'RILY. ad. [fiom chary.} Wailly ; 

CHA'RINESS. /. {fiomcbary.] Caution; 
nicety. Si>akejfeare, 

CHA'RIOT. /. [car.rhcJ.MVdch.]^ 

I. A carriage of pleafure, orrtate. DrydcK, 
t. A car in which men of arms were an- 
ciently placed. 

To CHA'RIOT. -v. a. [from the noun.] 
To convey in a charii^t. Milton. 

CHARIOTE'ER. /. [from chariot.] He 
that drives the chariot. Prior, 

CHA'RIOT RACE. /. A fport where cha- 
riots were driven for the prize. AJdifon. 

CHA'RITABLE. a. {charitable, Fr."] 
1. Kind in giving alms. Taylor. 

a. Kind in judging of others. Bacon, 

CHA'RITABLY. ad. [from chariiy-l 
1, Kindly; liberally, 
a. Benevolently ; without malignity. 


CHA'RITY. /. [ckarite, Fr.] 

1. Tendernefs; kindnefs ; love. Miltcn, 

2. Goodwill ; benevolence, Dryden, 

3. The theological virtue of univerfal 
love. Hooker, Atterbwy, 

4. Liberality to the poor. Dryden. 

5. Alms ; relief given to the poor. 

To CHARK. V. a. To burn to a black 

cinder. Grtiu. 

CHA'RLATAN. /. {charlatan, Tr. ] A 

quack ; a mountebank. Broicn. 

CHARLATA'NICAL. a, [fiom charlatan.'^ 

Quakifli ; ignorant. Coivley. 

CHARLATANRY. /. [from charlatan.} 

Wheedling ; deceit. 
CHARLES'S-WAIN. /. The northern con- 

ftellation, called the Bear. Brotvn. 

CHA'RLOCK. /. A weed growing among 

the corn with a yellow flower. 
CHARM. /, {charme, Fr. carmen, Lat.] 

1. Words or philtres, imagined to have 
fome occult pov.'er, Shakefpeare. Sivift. 

2. Something of power to gain the afFeic- 
tions. Waihr. 

To CHARM. V. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To fortify with charms againft evil, 


2. To make powerful by charms. Sidiuy. 

3. To fubdue by fume lecrft power. 


4. To fubdue by pleafure. 'Waller, 
CHA'RMER. /. [from chanr..^ One that 

has the power of charms, or enchant- 
ments. - Dryden. 

CHA'RMl'NG. particif). a. [from- ci>,7r/«.J 
Pleafing in the higheft degree. Sprat. 

CHA'RMINGLY. ad. [ from cbarmir>g. ] 

Ifi fuch a manner as tp pleafe exceedingly. 


CHA'RMINGNESS. /. [ from charmwg. J 
The power of picafmg. 

C H A 

CHA'RNEL. a. {charml, Fr.] C ntalning 
flefli (ir carcafes. Miltan 

CHA'RNEL- HOUSE. /. {charnUr,- Fr.] '' 

• The place where the bones of the dead 
are repofited. Tayhr, 

CHART. /. {charta, Lat.] A delirieanoa 
of co.nfts. Aibutbr.ot. 

CHA'RTER. /. {charta, Lat.] 

1. A charter is a written evidence. Coivd. 

2. Any writing btftowing privileges or 
rights. Raleigh. \Soiitb, 

3. Privilege ; immunity ; exemption. 

.' lakefp -are, 

CHA'RTER-PARTY. /. {dartre fa tie, 
Fr.] A paper rel,(ting to a contiaft, of 
which each party has a copv. Hale. 

CHARTERED. <j. '[from charier.} Pri- 
vileged. S'.'k^fp-are, 

CHARY, a. [from care.} Careful; cau- 
tious. Canii}, 

To CHASE, -v. a, {chaffer, Fr.J 

1. To hunt. 

2. To purfue as an enemy. 'j''"^i'^- 
■ 3. To drive. Knoiles. 
CHASE. /. [from the verb.] 

1. Hunting; puifuit of any thing as game. 


2. Fitnefs to be hunted. Dryden. 

3. Purfuit of an enemy. Knolhs, 

4. Purfuit of fomelhing as defirable. 


5. Hunting match. Shak'ipeare. 

6. The game hunted. Sidney, Gran-jslle. 

7. Open ground ftored with I'uch b'eafts as 
are hunted. Shak'fpea'e. 

8. The Chase of a gun, is the whole 
bore or length of a piece. Chambers. 

CHASE-GUN. /. [frojm ch''fe <ind gun.^ 
Guns in the forepart of the Hiip, fired 
upon thcfe that ace purfued. Dryden. 

CHA'SER. /. {Uom chafe.} Hunter 5' pur- 
fuer ; driver. DerJjjm, 

CHASM. /. [;<;2r,u«.] 

I. A cleft; a gape ; an opening, t.ocke. 
2- A place unfilled ; a vacuity. Dr\d.n. 

CHA'SSELAS. f. [French.] A fort of 

CHASTE, a. {chap, Fr. fa/?//j, Lit.] 

1. Pure from all commerce of fcxt-J ; as 
a cha/le virgin, 

2. Pure ; unc^rrupt ; not mixed with 
bari)a'rous phrafes, 

3. Without obfcenity'. ffa'ts. 

4. True to the marriage he^K litus. 
CHASTE-TREE. /. [Wftr,-Lu.] A tres. 


To CHA'STEN. -v. a. [cba/lier, Fr.] To 
correct ; to pimifli. Ptcvirbs, Roice. 

To CHASTIZE, f. «. [caflgo, Lat.] 
■• J. To puniih^ to corredi by pnmflinient. 
Boyle, ' Cm;:. 
2, To reduce to crd:'', or obedience. 

T CK.'i.- 


CHASTI'SEMENT. /. Correflion ; puni/h- 
tnent, Raleigh. Bent ley. 

CHA'STITY. /. [cajlitat, Lat.] 

I. Purity of the body. Taylor. Pope, 

a. Freedom from obfcenity. !Shakefpeare. 

3. Freedom from bad mixture of any kind. 

CHASTl'SER. /. [from ct^'Jiife.] A pu- 

nirtier ; a corredor. 
CHA'STLY. ad. [from cba/ie.] Without 
incontinence; purely; without contami- 
nation. JVetton. Dryden, 
CHA'STNESS. /. [from cbajie.} Chartity ; 

To CHAP. V. n, [from cjqueter, Fr.] To 
prate ; to talk idly ; to prattle. Spevjer, 
Milton. Drydfn, 
CHAT. /. [from the verb.] Idle talk ; 
prate. Shake/peart. Pope. 

CHAT. f. The keys of trees. 
CHA'TELLANY. /. [cbatcUnie, Fr.] The 
diftridt under the dominion ©f a calUe. 

CHATTEL. /. Any moveable poflellion. 

To CHATTER, -v. fi. [caqueter, Fr.] 
I. To make a noife aj a pie, or other un- 
harmonious bird. Sidney. Dryden. 

3. To make a noife by coUifion of the 
teeth. Prior, 

3, To talk idly or carelefly. Watts, 

CHATTER. /. [from the verb.] 

I. Noife like that of a pie or monkey. 

a. IJIc prate. 
CHA'T rERER. /. [from chatter,'] An idle 

CH.VTWOOD. /. Little flicks ; fuel. 
CHA VENDER. /. lcl:>e-jejne, Fr.J The 
chub ; a fi(h. ' PFulton, 

CHAUMJNTE'LLE. f, [Fr.] A fort of 

To CHAW. v. a. [k^Pzven, German.] To 
maflicate ; to chew. Donne. Boyle, 

CHAW. /. [from the verb.] The chap. 

CHA'WDRON. /. Entrails. Shakejpeare, 
CHEAP, a. [ceapan, Saxon.] 

1. To be had at a low rate. Loch. 

2. Eafy to be had ; not refpedled. Bacon, 

CHEAP. /. Market j purchafe ; bargain. 

Sidney. Decay of Piety. 
To CHE'APEN. v, a. [ceapan, Saxon j to 


1. To attempt to p<ircbafe ; to bid far 

any thing. Prior. 

1. To lelfen value. Dryden. 

CHE'APLY. ad. {ixQve\chiap^ At a fmall 

price ; at a low rate. Drydtn. 

CHE'APNESS. /. [from chcp ] Lownefs 

of price. Ten:ple, 

To CHEAT, -v. a. To defraud; to im- 

pofe upon J to trick. liUftfon, 


CHEAT. /. 
I. A fraud 

a trick 

an impofture, 


5. A perfon guilty of fraud. South. 

CHE'ATER. /. [from cheat.] One that 

praftifes fraud. Taylor, 

To CHECK. V. a, 

J. To reprefs ; to curb. Bacon, Milton, 


a. To reprove ; to chide. Shakejpeare, 

3. To control by a counter reckoning. 
To CHECK, -v. n. 

I. To ftop ; to make a flop. 

a. To clafli ; to interfere. 
CHECK. /. [from the verb.] 

I. Repreffure ; flop ; rebuff. 


a. Refiraint ; curb 



3. A reproof; a flight. Shakejpeare, 

4. A diflike ; a fudden difguft. Dryden, 

5. In falconry, when a hawk forfakes her 
proper game to follow other birds. Suckling. 

6. The caufe of reftraint ; a ftop. Clarendon, 
•J. Clerk of the Check, has the check 
and controulment of the yeomen of the 
guard. Chambers, 

To CHE'CKER. ? -v. a. [f ram echecs, chefs. 

To CHE'QUER. i Fr. ] To variegate or 

diverfify, in the manner of a chefs- board, 

with alternate colour?. Drayton. 

CHECKER. 7 Work varied al- 

CHE'CKER-WORK. 5 ternately. Kings. 

CHE'CKMATE. /. [ecbec eft mat, French.] 

The movement on the chefs- board, that 

kills the oppofite men. Spenjtr, 

CHEEK. / [ceac, Saxon.] 

1. The fide of the face bel&w the eye. 


2. A general name among mechanicks for 
almoll all thofe pieces of their machines 
that are double. Chambers. 

CHE'EKTOOTH. /. The hinder tooth or 
tufk. Joel. 

CHEER. /. [cbtre, Fr.] 

1. Entertainment; provifions. Locke, 

2. Invitation to gaiety. Shr.hfpeare. 

3. Gaiety j jollity. Shaheipeare, 

4. Air of the countenance. Daniel, 

5. Temper of mind. Ails, 
To CHEER. V. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To incite ; to encourage ; to inlpirit. 


2. To comfort ; to confole. Dryden, 

3. To gladden. Pope% 
To CHEER. 'V. n. To grow gay or glad- 

fome. Philips. 

CHE'ERER. /. [from to cheer.] Gladner ; 

giver of gaiety, JVotton, IValton, 

CHE'ERFUL. a, [from cheer and full.] 

I. Cay; full of life 3 full of mirth. 


2. Having 


a. Having an appearance of gaiety. 

CHE'ERFULLY. ad. [from cheerful.] With- 

out dejeftion ; with gaiety. South, 

CHE'ERFULNESS. /. [from cheerful.] 

I, Freedom from dejedlionj alacrity. 


7.. Freedom from gloominefs. Sidney. 

CHE'ERLESS. a. [from cbeer.] Without 

gaietv, comfort, or gladnefs. Dryden, 

CHE'ERLY. a. [from cheer.] 

I. Gay J cheerful. Ray. 

7.. Not gloomy. 
CHE'ERLY. ad. [from cheer.] CheerfuHy. 

CHEERY, a. [from cheer.] Gay 5 fprightly. 

CHEESE. /. [cyj-e, Saxon.] A kind of 

food made by prefling the curd of milk. 
CHE'ESEC.AJCE. / [from cheefe and cake.] 

A cake made of fufc curds, fugar and 

butter. Prior, 

CHE'ESEMONGER. /. [from cheeje and 

monger.] One who oeals in ckeefe. 

Ben. fohrjon. 
CHE'ESEVAT. /. [from cheefe and 'vat.] 

The wooden cafe in which the curds are 

prelTed into cheefe. Clan-ville. 

CHE'ESY. a. Having the nature or form 

of cheefe. Arbuthnct. 

CHE'LY. /. \chela, Lat.] The cJaw of a 

Ihell fi/h. Brotvn. 

T.) CHE'RISH. -v. a. \chcrir, Fr.] To 

fupport ; to fiielter ; to nurie up. TiUctfcn, 
CHE'RISHER. /. [ cberijh.] An en- 

coura^er ; a fupporter. Sprat. 

CHE'RfSHMENT. /. [ir^mch^ri/h.] En- 
couragement j fupport; comfgrc. Sfenj'er, 
CHERRY, 7 /. [cerife, Fr. cerafi^s, 

CHE RRY-TREE. I Latin.J A tree and 

fruit. Hale. 

CHERRY, a, Refembling a cherry in co- 
lour. Sbakefpeare. 
CHE'RRYCHEEKED. a. [from cherry and 

cheek,\ Having ruddy cheeks, Congrcve. 
CHE'RRYPIT, /, A child's play, in which 

they throw cherry ftones into a fmall hole, 


CHERSONE'SE. /. [xipa-ovni-o;.] A pe- 

CHERT. /. [from ijuartx, German.] A 

kind of flint. IFoodii-ard. 

CHE'RUB. /. [3^,'^3.] Aceleftialfpirit, 

which, m the hierarchy, is placed next in 

order to the feraphim. Calmct. Prior. 

CHERU'BICK. a. [from cherub.] Ange- 

lick ; relating to the cherubim, Milion, 

C:-IL'RUBIN. a. [ixw. cherub.] Angelical, 


C'-IERVIL./. [LbsrcphyLn-f Latin,] An 

un.belliferous plant. Miller, 

C H I 

To CHE'RUP. -V. n. [from cheer up.] To 
chirp ; to ufe a cheerful voice. Spenjer. 

CHE'SLIP. /, A fmall vermin. Skinner. 

CHESS. /. [echec, Ft.] A game, in whiih 
two fets of men are moved in oppo- 
fition. Dtnham. 

CHE'SS- APPLE, /. Wild fervice. 

CHE'SS-BOARD. /, [from cbefi and board.] 
The board or table on which the gaqje of 
chefs is plaid, Pr/'o;, 

CHESS-MAN. /. A puppet for chefs, 


CHE'SSOM. /. Mellow earth. Bacon. 

CHEST. /. [cyrc Sax.] A box of wuod 
or other materials. Dryden, 

To CHEST. 1'. a. [from the noun.] To 
repofite in a cheft. 

CHEST-FOUNDERING. /. A difeafs in 
horfes, A pleurify, or peripneumony. 

Farrier'' t Difit 

CHE'STED. a. Having a cheft. 


CHE'STNUT TREE. 5 -'• -^ ''"• 

1. The fruit of the cheftnut- tree. 


2. The name of a brown colour. Coiuil. 
CHE'STON. /. A kind of plum. 
CHEl^AI.lER. f. A knight. Shakfp. 
CHEI^AUXde Frife. f. A piece of tim3(f 

traverfed with wooden fptkcs, pointed with 
iron, five or fix feet long ; ufedin defend- 
ing a paflage, a turnpike, or tournii^uet. 

CHE'V;EN. /. [cbevefne, Fr.] A thit h{h\ 

:he Ume with chub, 
CHE'VERIL. /. Iche-verau, Fr.] A kid ; 

kidlpatber. Sbakefpeare, 

CHEFISANCE. f. [che'vifance, Fr.] En- 

terprizc ; atchievemtnt. Spenfer. 

To CHEW. 'V. a. [cerpyan, Saxon.] 

I. To grind with the teeth ; to mafticate . 

z. To meditate j or ruminate in tl e 

thoughts. Prior, 

3. To tafte without fwallowing. Bacon. 
To CHEW, v.n. To champ upon J to ru- 
minate. Pctt 

CHICA NE. /. [chicane, Fr.] 

1. The art of protrafting a concert by ar* 

tifice. Lccke. 

a. Artifice in general. Prior, 

To CHICA NE. -v. n. [chicaner, Fr.] To 

prolong a conteft by tricks. 
CHICANER. /. [cticancur, Fr.] A petty 

fophifter ; a wrangler. Lockf 

CHICA'NERY. f. "[chican.rie, Fr.] So- 

phiftry ; wrangfc. Arbuibnoi. 

CHICK. 7 /. [cicen, Saxon : kieckcn, 
CHICKEN. S Dutch.] 

1. The young of a bird, particularly of 
a hen, or fmalj bird. Daiies. U.ile. S-icff, 

2. A word of tenderneCj. Shakffpeare. 

3. A term for a young girl. Swift. 


C H 1 

CF7I'CK€NHEARTED. a. Cowardly j fear- 
ful. Spcnjn-. 
Tne CBl'CKENPOX. /. An exomhema- 

• tous diflemper. 

CHI'CKLING. /. [from chi^k.] A fmall 

CHl'CKFEAS. /. [from chick and pea.'\ An 

GHI'CKWEED. ^ A plant. W:fcmar.. 
To CKIDE. -v. a. preter. chidw chodi, part. 

chid or chidden, [ci&an. Sax. j 
. 3. To It prove. Waller. 

2. To Olive away with reproof. Shakejp. 

3. To blame; to reproach. Prior. 
To CHIDE, t'. V. 

1. To clamour; to fcold. 5w//f. 

2. To qviarreJ with. Shalefpeare. 
■},. To make a noife. Shokfjpeare. 

CHI'DER. /. {ixom chide.'] A rebulier ; a 
. reprover. Shakefpeare. 

CHIEF, a. [fis/'', the head, Fr.] 

I. Principal ; mort eminent. Kin^s. 

z. Emir.ent ; extraorlinary. Proiierbs. 

3. Ctpi'.al ; of the firft order. Lccke. 
CHIEFi /. [f.-<in the adjedive.] A com- 

mandtr ; a le.ider. ' Milton. Pope. 

CHl'EFLE.SS. a. Without a head. Pope. 
CHIEFLY, ad. \Uom chief.] Principally; 
" eminently; mf re than common. Dryden, 
CHIEI'RIE- (■ {^iom chief .] A fmall rent 

paid to thr- lord Paramount. Spenfcr. 

C H I E FT A N . /. [ fro m chief. ] 

I. A leader '; s commander. Spcajcr. 

1. The he<id of a clan. Davics. 

CHIE'VANCE- /• Traffick, in which mo- 
ney is extorted ; as tlifcnunt. Bacon.- 
CHILBLA'IN. /. [ from chill, cold, and 

h'.aJ^.'\ S>res maoe'by froft. Temple. 

CHILD, f. in the plural Child REN. [«;"!), 


I. An infant, or very young perfon. 

Denham. IVake. ' 

1. One in the line of filiation, tppofed to 

• the parent. Addijon. 
5. A girl child. Shakfpeare. 

4. Any thing, the prcduft or effed of 
another. Shakejpeare. 
c;. t:o be ii-iih Child- .To be pregnant. 

■To CHILD, "v. n. [from the noun.] To 
bring childien. Sh.ikfjp. Arbuihnot. 

CKI'LDBEARING. farticp. The aft of 
bearing children. ^ Milton. 

CKI'LDBED. /. The ftate of a woman 
'bringing a child. A'bmhr.ot. 

CHi'i.DBIR.TH. /. [from child and hnth] 
Travail; labour. &idney. Dryden. 

CHI'LDED. a. Furniihed with a child. 


CHI'LDERMASS DAY. [from child and 
rnah.] The day of the week, throughout 
the year, anfwering to the day on which 
the feaft of the holy In.iocents is folem- 

■ r.Ued. C'^"--'-- 


CHri.PHOOD. /. [from child.] 
. 1. Tbeftateof infants 5 the time In which 
^ we are children. Rogers. 

2. The time of life between infancy and 
puberty. Arbuihnot, 

3. The properties of a child. Dryden. 
CHILDISH, a. [from child.] 

I. Trifling; ignorant; fjmple. Bacoit. 

■ 2. Becoming only children ; trivial; pue- 
rile. Sidney. Mtlton. Rofcommon. 

CHI'LDISHLY. ad. [from childijh.] In a 
childifh trifling way. Hooker. Haytoard. 

CHI'LDISHNESS. /. [from childifi.] 

1. Puerility ; triflingnefs. Locke, 

1. HarmlefTnefs. Shakefpeare. 

CHI'LDLESS. a. [from child.] Without 
children. Bacon. Milton. 

CHI'LDLIKE. a. [child sni like.] Becom- 
ing or befeeming a child. Hooker. 

CHILIAD./. rfromy;Xiac.l Athoufand. 


CHILIA'EDRON. /. [from X'>**'J A figure 
of a thoufand fides. Locks. 

CHILL, a. [cele, Ssxon.] 

1. Cold J that which is cold to thctouch. 


2. Having the fenfation of cold. Roive. 
3; Deprelfed ; dejedled ; difcouraged. 

CHILL./, [from the adjedive.] Chilnefs ; 
cold. Derham. 

To CHILL, f. a. [from the adjeaive.] 

1. To make cold. Dryden. Creech. 

2. To depr.efs ; to dejefl. Rogers. 

3. To blaft with cold. Blackmore. 
CHI'LLINESS. /. [from chilly.] A fenfa- 

tion of fliivering cold. Arbuthnot. 

CHl'LLY. a. Somewhat cold. Philips. 

CHI'LNESS. /. Coldnefs ; want of warpith. 

CHIMB./, [kime, Dutch.] The end of a 

barrel or tub. 
CHIME. /. [chirn-.e, an old word.] 

1. The confonant or harmonick found of 
many correfpondent inftruments. 

Ben. yohnfon. 

2. The correfpondence of found. Dryden. 

3. The found of bells firuck with ham- 
mers. Shakefpeare, 

4. The correfpondence of proportion or 
relation. Grew, 

To CHIME. 1/. n. [from the noun.] 

J. To found in harmony. Prior. 

2. To correfpond in relation or proportion; 


3. To agree ; to fall in with. Aihuthnot. 

4. To fuit with ; to agree. Locke. 

5. To jingle; to clatter. Smith. 
To CHIME, -v. a. 

1. To make to move, or ftrike, or found 
har.monically. j^rydcn. 

2. To ftrike a bell with a hammer. 
CHIME'RA. /. \chimxra, Lat.] A vain 

and wild fancv. Dryden. 



CHIME'RICAL. a. [from chimera. 1 Ima- 
ginary ; fantaftick. Hfeflator, 

CHIME'RICALLY. ad. [from cbimencai] 
Vainly ; wildjy, 

CHFMINAGE. /. [from chimin.] A toll 
for pafTaf^e through a foreft, Cciue!. 

CHI'MNEY. /. [c/jaaine'e, Fr.] 

1. The paflage through which the fmoke 
afcends from the fire in the houfe. Sivift, 

2. The turret raifed above the roof of the 
houfe, for conveyance of the fmoke. 


3. The fireplace. Raleigh. 
CHI'MNEY CORNER. /. The firefide j 

the place of idlers. Derham. 

CHI'MNEYFIECE, /. [from chimney and 
piece.] The ornamental piece round the 
fireplace. Sivift. 

CHl'MNEYSWEEPER. /. [from chimney 
ani fweepir,] One whofe trade it is to 
clean foul chiinnies of foot. Shak'-fpeare. 

CHIN,/, [cinne, Saxon.] The part of the 
face beneath the under lip. hidney. Drydcn. 

CHl'NA. /. [from Cimsa ] China ware ; 
porcelain ; a fpecies of veiTcls made m 
China, dimly tranfparent, Vope, 

CHl'NA- ORANGE. /. "the fweet orange. 

CHI'NA-ROOT. /. A medicinal root, 
brought originally from China. 

CHI'NCOUGH. /. {kirnken, to pant, Dut. 
and caugh. ] A violent and convulfive 
cough. Floyer. 

CHINE. /. [efchine, Fr.] 

1. The part of the back, in which the 
backbone is found. Sidney. 

2. A piece of the back of an animal. 

To dHlNE. V. a. To cut into chines. 

CHINK. /. [cinan, to gape, Saxon.] A 

fmall aperture longwife. Bacon. Sivijt. 

To CHINK, -v. a. To /hake fo as to-make 

a found, Pofe. 

To CHINK, -v. H. To found by ftriking 

each other. Arbuthnot. 

CKl'NKY. a. [from c/./;;^.] Full of holes ; 

gaping. Dr-idiJi. 

CHINTS. /. Cloth cf cotton made in 

India. Pofe. 

CHI'OPPINE. /. A high flioe, formerly 

worn by hulies, Cotvley. 

CHIP, Cheap, Chipping, in the names 

of places, imply a market, Gil>fon, 

To CHIP, V. a. [from chop.] To cut into 

fmall piects. Thomfon. 

CmP. f, [from the verb.] 

A fmall piece taken oil by a cutting in- 

ftroment, Taylor. 

CKI'pViNG. /. A fragment cut off. 



CHIRA'GRICAL. a. [chiragra, Lnt.] Hav- 
ing the gwut in the hand. Urown 

CHIRO'GRAPHER. /. [ ^f, the handj 
ypa^xw, to write.] He that exerciles writ- 
ing- Bjcon. 

CHTRO'GRAPHIST. /. Chirographer 

CHIRO'GRAPHY. /. The art of writing 

CHIROMANCER. /. One that foreteis 
future events by infpefling the hand, 


CHI'ROMANCY. /. lx^k< t'^e hand, and 
^avli:, a prophet.] The art of foietell- 
jng the events of life, by infpetling the 
hand. Brown. 

To CHIRP, -v. V. [from cheer up,] To 
make a cheerful noife j as birds. Sidney, 

To CHIRP, -v. a. [cheer up.] To make 
cheerful. Johnjon, 

CHIRP. The voice of birds or infefls. 


CHI'RPER, /, [from cUrp.] One that 

T J CHiRRE. -V, n. [ceojiian, Saxon.] To 
coo as a pigeon. Juniui, 

CHIRURGEON. /. lx^k<>^J^y<^.] One 
that cures ailments, n..t by internal me- 
dicines, bat outward applications. Surgeon. 


CHIRU'RGERY, / [from chi,urgeon.-[ 

The art of curing by external applications. 

Sidney. Wijtman. 



1. Having qualities ufeful in outward ap- 
plications to hurts. Mortimir. 

2. Manual in general. TfUkins. 
CHI SEL. /■ [cijeau, Fr.] An inftrument 

with which wood or ftone is pared away. 
To CHI'SEL. "v. a. [from the noun,] To 
cut with a chifel. 
■ CHIT. /. {chico, little, Spanift.] 
I, A child ; a baby, 

1. The fhoot of corn from the end of the 
grain. Mortimer, 

3. A freckle. 

To CHIT. -v. n. To fprout, Mortimer. 

CHITCH.AT. /. [from chat.] Prattle ; 
idle prate. SpeBator. 

CHI'TTERLINGS. /. [from fchyteriingb^ 
Dutch.] The guts. 

CHI'TTV. a. [{[am chit.] Child ilh ; like 
a baby. 

CHI'VALROUS, a, [from chi-valry.] Re- 
lating to chivalry j knightly j warlike. 

I Spenjer. 

CHI'VALRY, /. [che-vaierie, Fr.] 

1. Knighthood ; a ftiiiitary dignify. Bacon. 

2. Thi; qualifications «f a knight ; as va- 
lour. Shakefpeare, 

3. The general fyftem of knighthood. 


4- An 

C H O 

4. An adventure ; an exploit. Sid/icy. 

5. The body or order of knights. Shake]}. 

6. [In law.] A tenure of land by knigtits 
• fervice. Coivd. 
CHIVES. /. [ci-ve, Fr.] 

I. The threads or filaments rifing in flowers, 
with feeds at the end. Ray, 

a. A fpecies of fmall onion. Skinner. 

CHLORO'SIS. /. [from x^^?'^* 5'""' J 
The green-ficknefs. 

ToCHOAK. See Choke. 

CHO'COLATE. /. [cJbccoLte, Span.] 
I. The nut of the cocao- tree. 
a. The mafs made by grinding the kernel 
of the cocao-nut, to be difTolved in hut 

3. The liquor made by a fulution of cho- 
colate. ^'!>uthtiot. Pope. 

CHO'COLATE-HOUSE. /. [chocolate and 
Jooufe.] A houfe where company is enter- 
tained with chocolate. Tat/er. 

CHODE. The old preterite, from chide. 


CHOICE. /. [choix, French.] 

I. The aft of choofing ; c\t^\on. Dryden. 
Z. The power of choofing ; election. 

Hooker. Gre-oU. 

3. Care in choofing ; curiofity of dif- 
tindion. Bacon. 

4. The thing chofen. Milton. Prior. 
^. The beft part of any thing. Hooker. 
6. Several things propofed as obieds of 
eleftion. Sbah^'peare. 

CHOICE, a. [choift, French.] 
4. Sele£l 5 of extraofdinary value. 

n.. Chary ; frugal ; careful. Taylor. 

CHO'ICELESS. a. [(xom ibtice.'] Wlihout 
the power of choofing. Hami/ioiid, 

CHO'iCELY. ad. [from choice.'] 

1. Curioully ; with exaft choice. Shak-f[>. 

2. Valuably ; excellently. Walton. 
CHOICENESS. /. [from choice.'] Nicety ; 

particular value. Ewlyn, 

CHOIR. /. {chorus, Lat.] 

1. An affembly or band of fingers. Waller. 
7.. The fingers in divine worship. Shakefp. 

3. The part of the church where the 
fingers are placed. Shokefpeare, 

To CHOKE. V. a. [aceocan, Saxon.] 

1. To fuffocate. Waller. 

2. To ilop up ; to block up a paflage. 


3. To hinder by obftrudion. Sbakefpeare. 


4. To fupprefs. Shakejpeare. 

5. To overpower. , Luke. Dryden. 
CHOKE. /. The filamentous or capillary 

part of an artichoke. 
CHOKE-PEAR. /. [horn choke 3.nA pear.] 
I. A rough, harrti, unpalatable pear, 
a. Any farcafm that Hops the mouth. 


C H O 

A CHOKER. /. [from choke.'] 

1. One that chokes. 

2. One that puis another to filence. 

3- Any thing that cannot be anfwered. 

CHOKY, a. [from choke.] That which 
has the power of fuffocation, 

CHOLAGOGUES. /. [x'X<^, ^''«.] Me- 
dicines which have the power of purging 

CHO'LER. /. [cholera, Lat. from X"^"'-} 
I. The bile. Woctou. 

Z. The humour, fuppofed to produce iraf- 
cibility, Shakespeare. 

3. Anger ; rage. Shakefpeare. Prior. 
CHO'LERICK. a. [choleruui, Lati] 

1. Abounding with choler. Dryden, 

2. Angry ; irafcible, Arhuthnot, 

3. OfFcnfive. Sidney. Raleigh, 
CHO LERICKNESS. /. [from cholerick.] 

Anger ; irafcibility ; peevi/hnefs. 
To CHOOSE, -v. a. I chnfe, I have chofen 
or chofe. [choijir, Fr. ceopan, Sax.] 

1. To take by way of preference of fe- 
veral things offered. Shakefpeare,. 

2. To take ; not to refufe. South. 

3. To feled 5 to pick out of a number, 


4. To eled for eternal happinefs j a terra 
of theologians. 

To CHOOSE, -v. n. To have the power 
of choice. Hooker, Tillotfcn, 

CHO'OSER. /. [from cboofe.] He that has 

the power of choofing j eledor, Drayton, 


To CHOP. V, a. [happen, Dutch j eouptr^ 

1. To cut with a quick blow. Shakefpeare, 

2. To devour eagerly. Dryden, 

3. To minte ; to cut into fmall pieces. 


4. To break into chinks. Shakef^pearc, 
To CHOP. -v. n. 

1. To do any thing with a quick motion. 


2. To light or happen upon a thing. 
To CHOP. t'. a. [cenpan, Saxon.] 

1. To purcliafej generally by way of truck. 


2. To put one thing in the place of an- 
other. Hud'l'ras. 

3. To bandy; to altercate. Bacon, 
CHOP. /. [from the verb.] 

I. A piece chopped off. Bacon. 

z. A fmall piece of meat. f^ing. 

3. A crack, or cleft. Bacon. 

CHOP-HOUSE. /. [chop and houfe.] A 

mean houfe of entertainment. Speitator, 
ClIO'PIN. f. [French.] 

1. A French liquid meafure, containing 
nearly a pint of Winchefter. 

2. A term ufed in Scotland for a quart of 
win« zTieafure, 


C H R 

CHOPPING, partlcip. a. An epithet fre- 
quently applied to infants, by way of 
commendation. Fentort, 

CHOPPING- KNIFE. /. [chop and knife.) 
A knife with which cooks mince their 
meat, Sidney. 

CHO'PPY. a. [from chop.] Full of holes 
or cracks. Shakffpeare. 

CHOPS. /. [from cbaps.l 

I. The mouth of abeart. L^EJirange. 

3. The mouth of any thing in familiar 

CHO'RAL. a. [from cborui, Lat.] 

I. Sing by a choir, ' Milton. 

a. Singing in a choir. ^mburj}. 

CHORD. /. [chorda, Lat.] 

X. The firing of a roufical inftrument, 

s. A right line, which joins the two ends 
of any arch of a circle. 

To CHORD. V. a. To furniih with firings. 


CHORDE'E. /. [from chordj, Lat.j A 
contra(n;ion of the frcenum. 

CHO'RION. /. [x-^fE^v, to contain.] The 
outward membrane that enwraps the fcetus. 

CHO'RISTER. /. [from chorus.] 

1. A finger in the cathedrals ; a Tinging 

2. Afinger in a concert. Spenjer. Ray. 
CHORO'GRAPHER./. [xw?"', and j.;-a<f.ft-'.] 

He that defcribes particular regions or 

CHOROGRA'PHICAL. a. Defcriptive of 

particular regions. Raleigh. 


rographical manner. 
CHORO'GRAPHY. /. Theartof defcrib- 

ing particular regions. 
CHO'RUS. /. [chorus, Latin.] 

J. A number of fingers ; a concert. 

Dryden. Pope, 

2. The perfons who are fuppofed to behold 
what pafles in the a<Ss of a tragedy. 


3. The fong between the afts of a tragedy. 

4. Verfes of a fong in which the company 
join the finger, 

CHObE. The preter tenfe, from To choofe. 

CHO'SEN. The participle paffive, from To 

choofe. Shakfpcare. 

CHOUGH. /. [ceo. Sax.] A bird which 

frequents the rocks by the fea. Bacon, 

CHOULE. /. The crop of a bird. Broivn. 
To CHOUSE, -v. a. To cheat j to trick. 


1. A bubble ; a tool, Hudibras. 

2. A trick or fliam. 

CHRISM. _/. [;>,;,Pi{^'.a, anointment.] Un- 
gucnt } or unctjoni Hammofid, 

C H R 

CHRI'SOM. /. [See Chrism.] A child 

that dies within a month after its buth. 

To CHRI'STEN. a. [chpiptnian. Sax.] 

1. To baptize; to initiaceintochriftianity 
by water. 

2. To name 5 to denominate, Burnet. 
CHRISTENDOM. /, [from Chnji and 

dom.] The coliedive body of chriftianity. 

€HRI'STENING. /. [from the verb,] The 
ceremony of thefirft initiation into chrifti- 
anity. Bacon. 

CHRI'STIAN. /. [Chrijiianus, Lat.j A 
profeflbr of the religion of Chrift. 


CHRI'STIAN. a, Profeffing the religion of 
Chrift. Shakefpeare^ 

CHRISTIAN-NAME. /. Thenamegiven 
at the font, diftin£l from the Gentihtious 
name, or furname. 

CHRI'STIANISM. /. [chrij}iamfmus, Lat.] 

1. The chriftian religion. 

2, The nations profelling chriftianity 
CHRISTIANITY. /. [cbretietiie, French,] 

The religion of chriftians. Addifon 

To CHRI'STIAINIZE. -v. a. [from chnfii- 

an.] To make chriftian. Dryden. 

CHRl'STIANLY. ad. [ from ^brijiian. J 

L<ke a chriftian. 
CHRI'STMAS. /. [from Chri/i and «a/}.J 

The day on which the nativity of our 

bleffed Saviour is celebrated. 
A CHRISTMAS BOX. /. A box in which 

little prefents are colleded at Chriftmis. 

CKRIST'S-THORN. /. A plant. 
CROMA'TICK. a. [pcf"jwa, colour.] 

I. Relating to colour. Dryden. 

7.. Relating to a certain fpeciesof anrienc 

mufic. Arbutbnot. 

CHRO'NICAL. 7 a, [from ;)^fon3f, time.] 
CHRO'NICK. 5 A chronical diftemper is 

of length. BroivB, 

CHRO'NICLE. /. [cronique, Fr.] 

1. A regifter or account of events in order 
of time. Shakefpeare, 

2. A hiftory. Spenfer, Dryder, 
To CHRO'NICLE. v. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To record in chronicle, or hiftory. 


2. To regifter ; to record. Shak'fpeare, 
CHRO'NICLER, /. [from chronicle.] 

1. A wnter of chronicles. Donne, 

2. A hittorian. Raleigh. 
CHRO'NOGRAM. /. [^fV, and yja'^a-.] 

An infcription including the date of any 


ing to a chronogram. 

of chronograms, AJdtfon, 


C H U 

CHRONOLOGER. /. [x^Cr^i;, and x^yo;, 
dodtrine. j He that ftudies or explains the 
fcience of computing paft -time. Holder, 

CHRONOLO'GICAL. a. [dom chronology.] 
Relating to the doftrine of time. half, 

CHRONOLO'GICALLY, ad. [from chro- 
nological.'] In a chronological manner j 
according to the exaft feries of time, 

CHRONO'LOGIST. /. One that ftudies or 
explains time. Locke, 

CHRONO'LOGY. /. [ Xf^vo?, time, and 
Xdyoc, dodlrine.] The fcience of com- 
puting and adjulting the periods of time. 


A CHRONO'METER. /. [%fo'vo? and ^j- 
T^ov.] An inlirument for the exad: men- 
furation of time. Derhatm 

CHRY'SALIS. /. [from XS"*'''?. gol^.] Au- 
relia, or thefirft apparent change of the 
maggot of any fpecies of infefls. 


CHRY'SOLITE. /. [xe^'^'fj a"<^ M^o;.] A 
precious fione of a duikjf green, with a caft 
of yellow. JVoodiuard, 

CHRYSO'PRASUS. /. [xfV?-o?, and frafi- 
nui, green] A precious ftone of a yellow 
colour, approaching to green. Rev, xxi. 20. 

CHUB. /. [from cop, a great head.] A river 
iifli. The chevin. Walton. 

CHUBBED. a. [from c/j-ai.] Big-headed 
like a chub. 

To CHUCK, -v. n. To make a noife like a 

To CHUCK., -J. «. 

1. To call as a hen calls her young. 


2. To give a gentle blow under the chin. 

CHUCK. /. 

I. The voice of a hen. Tewp'e. 

Z. A word of endearment. Shakefpeare. 
CHUCK-FARTHING./. A play, at'which 

the money falls with a chuck inte the hole 

beneath. Arhu'.hrot. 

To CHUCKLE, -v. v. [fchaecketi, Dut.] To 

laugh veken.cntly. *■■ Puior. 

To CHU'CKLE. •:>. a. [from chucks'] 

1. To call as a hen. ' Dryd.r. 

2. To cocker ; to fondle. Dryden, 
CHUE T. /. Forced meat. Bmctj. 
CHUFF. /. A blunt clown. UEJirange. 
CHU'FFILY. ad. Stomachfully. Clorijfa. 
CHU'FFJNESS. /. lhomcLuffy,\ Clowntih- 

CHU'FFY. ,». [homctuff.] Surly; fat. 
CHUM./. [f/brJK, Armonclc.] A chamber 

CHUMP. /. A thick heavy piece of wood. 

CHURCH. /. [cipce, Sex. w^^:a.Mr. .'] 
I. The colleftive bcdv cf chrifiians. 



C H Y 

2. The body of chriftians adhering to one 
particular form of v. or/hip. fVam, 

3. The place which chriftians confecrate 
to the worftipof God. Hooker, Hhakefp, 

To CHURCH. 1/. a. To perform with any 
one the office of returning thanks, after 
any fignal deliverance, as childbirth. 

CHURCH- ALE. / [from church and ale.} 
A wake, or feall, commemoratory of the 
dedication of the church. Carczu, 

CHURCH-ATTIRE. /. The habit In 
which men officiate at divine fervice. 


CHURCHMAN, /.[church zni man.] 

1. An ecclefiallic j a clergyman. 


2. An adherent to the church of England. 
CHURCH WARDENS. / Officers yearly 

chofen, to look to the church, church- 
yard, and fuch things as belong to both j 
and to obferve the behaviour of the parifhi- 
oners. Coivel. Spenfer. 

CHURCHYARD. /. The ground adjoining 
to the church, in which the dead are bu- 
ried ; a cemetery. Bacon. Pope. 

CHURL. / [ceoril. Sax,] 

I. A ruiFick ; a countryman. D'yden, 
I. A rude, furly, ill-bred man. Srdrcy, 

3. A mifer ; a niggard. Shakefpeare. 
CHU'RLISH. a. [from chur!.] 

I. Rude j brutal J harfh 3 auftere ; un- 
civil, JValler. 
z. Selfifli ; avaricious. i Sam. 

3. Unpliant ; crofs-grained ; unmanagea- 
ble. Bacon, Mortimer. 

4. Intraflable ; vexations. Crajbaiv, 
CHU'RLISHLY. ^(Z. [from churlijh.] Rude- 

Iv ; brutally, Hoivct, 

CHU^RLISHNESS./, [from churlijh.] Bru- 
tality ; rugged nefs of manner, Ecclus, 

CHURME. /, A confuled found ; a noife. 


A CHURN. / The vefTd in which the 
butter is, by agitation, coagulated. Gay, 

To CHURN, -v. a. {kemcn, Dutch.] 

1. To agitate or fhake any thing by a vi- 
olent motion. Dryden. 

2. To make butter by agitating the milk. 

Pro-verbi. Bacon. 

CHU'RRWORM. /. [from cypp, Sax.] 

■ An infe*fl thit turns about nimbly ; called 
alio a fancricket. Skinner, 

CHVLA'CEOUS. a, [from chyle.] Belong- 
ing to chyle. Flayer, 

CH'/LE. /. [x.vho';.] The white juice 
formed in the ftomach by digeftion of the 
aliment. ' Arl-uthnct, 

CHYl.lFA'CTTON. / [from chyle.] The 

aifl or procefs of making chyle in the body. 


CHYLIFA'CTIVE. a. Having the power 
cf making cbvje, 


C I M 

CHYLOPOE'TICK. ^. ;s^Jaoc, and rro.l^.] 
Having the power, of lorming chvle. 

^'r. utbnct. 

CHY'LOUS. a. [from cky'e,'] Conlirting 
of chyle. A'i utbnot. 

CHVMICK. 5 ''• l''h''"-<:«h Latin.] 

I. Mdde by chymiftry. Drytien. 

Rflaring t(i chyiKiflry. F'j>e 

. ffrom cHmical ~ 

a chvmical manner, 
CH Y'MIST. /. [ See C H Y M I s T R Y ] A 

prof^llbr ot chymiftry j a philol'opher by 

fi'-". Pcpe. 

CHY'MISTRY. /. Philofophy by fire./4/i^f. 
CIBA'RJOUS. a. lavanui, Lat.] ReLt- 

ine to food. 
CI'BOL, /. [diou.'e, Fr.J A fmall fnrt of 


CICATRICE, or Cicatrix. /. \_cica. 

trix, L-iTin.] 

1. The fear remaining after a wound. 


2. A mark ; an imprelTure. S/j.jirfpiare. 
CICATRI'SANT. /. [from mrtfrw. J An 

■ipplita'ion that induces a cicatrice. 

C I p 

CI'NCTURE. /. [cinr7ura, Latin.] 

1. S imc-thin'.; w rn round the body. Pctr, 

2. An ,1.-^,. I. Curs. ' £,4„^ 

3. A ring or ;iH -ji the top or bott..m of 
the (hih of a cclnmn. Chan.i'tr', 

CI'KDER. /. \candre, Fr.J 

1 A rnai's ignited and quenched. Waller. 
2. A hot coal that has ceafed to flan.? 

^'^'z; -.ft, 

I /• r^ " 
5 »iJ«.] A woman 
in iieaps of afhes. 
CIMERA'TION. /. [from dvera, Lit.] 
The •edui'tion ot any thing b\ fire to afhes. 
CINEKJTlOUS.a. [f/;;.-,r,«j, Lat.] Hav- 
ing thr form or ftate of aftes. Chrytie, 
CINERULENT. <7. Full of a(hes. 
CI'NCLE. /. \_(:rgu!ufi!, Lat] A girth for 

a horfe. 
CI'NNABAR. /. {drnnharis, Litin.J Cin- 
nabar is native or fi(aitious : the faftitious 
cinrubar is called verrr.ii'icn. The parti- 
cles of mercury uniting with the particles 
ot fulphur, compofe cinnabar. 

If^oodzvurd. Nitvton. 

whufe trade is to 

CICATPvi'SIVE. a. {_Lom cicatrice. 'I Hav- CINX^AB-IR o/" Antitr.or.y, is made of mer- 

ing the qualities proper to inauce a cica- rurv, fulohur, and crude antimony, 

trice. CINNAiMON. /. {c:nr.amoi:7um, Lat.] The 

CICATRIZA'TION', /. [from cicatrice.'] fragrant bark of a low tree Jn the idand of 

1. The aill of fieal ng (he wound. Hatiiy, Ceylon. Chambers, 

2. The ftate of being healed, or flunned CINiil/E. f. TFr ] A Five. 

over, CINQUE FOIL. /. : ar^.e feuiHe^ Fr.] A 

To CICATRIZE, -v. a. [from cicatrix ] k -d rf five ieavio clover. 

To apply fuch medicines to Wounds, or CINQ_!_'F.-PACE. /. [cirque *>ar, Fr.] A 

ulcers, as (kin them. 


CICHORA'CEOUS. a. \cchorimn, Lat.] 
Having the qualities of fuccory. Fhyer, 

T.) CrCURATE. t.a. To tame; to re- 
claim from wildnef:;. Brown. 

CICURA'TION. /. The aft of taming or 
reclaiming from wildne's. Rdy. 

CI'DER. /. [cidre, Fr.Jidra, Ilal.] 

1. Liquor made of the juice of fruits prefTed. 

B icon. 

2. The juice of apples expreffed and fer- 
mented. Philips, 

CI'DFRIST./. A maker of cider. Mortimer. 

CI'DERKIN. /. [from cider.] The liquor 
made of the grofs matter of apples, after 
the cider is preflcd out. Mortimer. 

CIERGE. f. [French.] A candle carried m 
pi' ceii; 'ns. 

CI'LIARY. a. [iilium, Lat.] Belonging 
to the eyelids. Ray. 

CILICIOUS. a. \(xom citiclum, hair-cloth, 
Lat.] MadL» of hair. Bro'xn. 

CIME'LIARCH. /. [ from Ksi.u^XiajX"'"- J 
The chief keeper of things of value belong- 
ing to a church. D.El. 

CI'METER. /. {cimitarra. Span.] A fort 
of fword J ihoit and uiuryated, D'ydin, 

\v.r\'\ if grave dance. hhah-:^benre. 

CINQUE PORTS. /. [f%«f ^orti, Fr.] 
Thofe havens that lie towards France. 
The cirq-ic forls D vcr, .'Sandwich, 
Ry. Haftings, W.nchelf;'^, Ri'mney, and 
Hi'he ; fome of which, as the n'^mb^r ex- 
ceeds five, m'.ift be added to the fuh ,nrti- 
tuc'on. C iL-el. 

CINQUE- SrOTTED. a. Having five fpots. 

CI'ON. /. [ftor, cr/oor, French.]' 

1. A fpri ut ; a (hoot frcm a plant. 

Shak' pare Ih^vel. 

2. The fh>)ot engrafted on a ft'ck Bacon, 
CI'PHER. /. \ch.fre. Fr. c//;?, low Lat.] 

1. An atithmeticil character, by which 
feme numbei :s noted ; a figuie. 

2. An arithmetic*! mark, which, ftand-' 
ing for nothing itfelf, increafcs the value 
of the other figures. i>oitrk, 
3 An intertexture of letters. '.'■■be. 

4. A chsrailer in general. Raleigh, 

5. A fecvet or occult manner of writing, 
. r the key to it. Dovne, 

To CI PHER. V. n. [from the ncun.] To 
pradice arithmetick. Arbuthnot, 

To CI'PHER. r. a. To write in occult ^hx- 
racleis, Huyiv rd, 

U To • 

C I R 

To CIIRCINATE. v. a. [cinino, Lat.] 
To m:kc ;i rircle. Baily. 

ClRClNA'TiON. /. An orbicular motion. 

Cl'RCLE. /. [arculus, Latin.] 

I. A iine continued till it ends where it 
begun. Locke. 

2 The fi'ace included in a circular line. 

3. A round body ; an orb. Ijaiah. 

4. Ct nipafs ; inc'ofure. Shakejpeare. 

5. All affemoiy I'urrounding the principal 
perfon. Pofe. 

6. A company. Add Jon, 

7. Any feries ending as it begins. 

Bjcon. Dryd.'ti. 

8. An 'nconclufive form of argument, in 
which rhe foregoing proportion is proved 
by the lolJowing, and the following inferred the foregQi^oing. Watts. 

9. CircumlocuLion j indirect form of words. 


3o. CiECLES of the German Empire. 

Such provinces and principalities as have a 

right to be prefent at diets. 
To Cl'RCLE. -v. a: [from the noun.] 

I. To move round .<ny thing. Bacon, 

a. To inclofe ; to furround. Trior. 

g. To confine ; to keep together. Digby. 
To CIRCLE. I.', n. To move circularly. 

CIRCLED, a. Having the form of n circle j 

iLiind. Shakffpeare. 

CI'RCLET. /. [from circle.'^ A circle; 

an orb. Pope, 

CI'RCLING. parti, a. Circular ; mund. 

CI'RCUIT. /. [circuit. Fr. citcuitus, Latin.] 

J. The ail of moving round any thing. 


a. The fpace inclofed in a circle. Milton. 

g. Space j extent j meafured by travelling 

round. Hooker. 

4. A ring ; a diadem. Shakefpeare. 

5. The vifitations of the judges for holding 

To CI'RCUIT. 1'. n. To move circularly. 


CIRCUITE ER. /. One that travels a cir- 
cuit. Pope, 

CI.ICUI'TION. / [c'rculiio, Lat.] 
I. Tlie <)<fl "f going It und any thing. 
1. C imp.'ls ; iiiazi; of argument j c impre- 
h-nfion Hooker. 

CrRCULAR. .7. \(ircularis, Latin.] 

J. R'und, like a circle; cncumfcribed by 

a circle. .Steripr. Addijon. 

a- Succcflive to itfelf ^ always rernrning. 


3. Vulgir 5 mean ; circumforanti us. 


4. CiRCUL/F Leifr. A letter direited 
t« fevers! [ , ionSj who hnve the fame In- 
tereft lu loiiie commijii auair. 

C I R 

5. Circular Sailing, is that performed 
on the ?.rch of a great circle. 

CI'RCULARITy. /. [from circular.1 A 
circuhr form. PrOTin. 

CIRCULA'RLY. a. [from circuhzr.] 

J. In form of a circle. Bwriet. 

a. With a circular motion. Drydcn. 

To CI'RCULATE. v. n. [from circul-ui.'\ 
To mi^\ e in a circle. Dcnham, 

To CI'RCULATE. ■I'. :7. To put about. 

CIRCULATION. /. [from circulate.l 
I. Motion in a circle. Burnet, 

Z. A feries in which the fame order is al- 
ways obierved, and things always return to 
the fame flate. S^vift. 

3. A reciprocal interchange of meaning. 


CI'RCULATORY. /, [from cirmhte.] A 
chymical vellel, in which that which rifes 
from the veflel on the fire, is collefted 
and cooled in another fixed upon it, and 
falls down ?gain. 

CIRCUMA'MBIENCY. /. [from cirrw-am- 
biert. j The ?tt of enccji.pafling. Bioivn, 

CIRCUMA'MBIENT. a. [circum and o:nihi:, 
Latin.] Surrounding j encompalTing. 


To CIRCUMA'MBULATE. v. «. [en cum 
inAambulo, Lat^] To walk round about. 


To CIRCUMCISE, -v, a. [circumcido, Lat,] 
To cut the prepuce, according to the law 
given to the Jews. Sivift, 

CIRCUMCI'SION. /. [from circumcfe.} 

Tke rite or a(fl of cutting ofi" the forefkin. 


To CIRCUMDUCT, v, a. [ circumdueo. 
Lit.] To contravene ; to nullify. y^7?^?. 

CIRCUMDU'CTION./. [from circu:^dtia.1 

1. Nullification ; cancellation, Ayli§e. 

2. A leading about. 
CIRCU'MFERENCE. /. [circumfercntia, 


1. The periphery ; the line including and 
furiounding any thing. Nc^vton. 

2. The fpaie inclofed in a circle. Milton. 

3. The external part of an orbicular body. 


4. An orb ; a circle. Milton. 
To CIRCU'MFERENCE. -v. a. To include 

in a circulnr fpace. Brciun. 

CIRCUMFERE'NTOR. /. [from arcuKfe. 
ru.] An inlhument ufsd in furveying, 
f 1 meafuring angles. Cianbus. 

CIRCUMFLEX. /. [circumfexus, Lat.j An 
accent ufed to regulate the pionunciation 
of f)liable.';, including or participating the 
acute ar.d grave. holder. 

CIRCU'MFLUENCE. /. An inclofure cf 

CIRCU'MFLUENT. a. [circumfiuens Lit.] 

Fiowing round any thing. Poie. 


C I R 

CIRCU'MFLUOUS. a. [arcurrfuus, Lat.] 

Environint: with waters. IIJ iron. Pcfe, 
CiriCUMFORA'NEOUS. a. {cirtur,J'ora- 

neus, Lac,] Wandering from houfe to h-^ufe. 
To ClRCUMFU'SE. -v. a. {cir^umfufu,, 

Lat.] To pour rounii. Biicon, 

CIRCUMFU'SILE. a. [circum and »//•, 

Lat.J Tiidt which xnay be poured round 

any thJRg. Pofie. 

CiRCUMFU'SICN. /. The ad of fpreading 

To CIRCU'MGYRATE. -v. a. [einum znd 

gyus, L^r.] T'l roll rcund. Ri>y. 

CIRCUMGVRATI iN. /. [horn drcumgy- 

rati.^ Ti.e act of lunnmg round. 
CIRCUMJA'CENT. a. [cncLwjjcens, Laf.] 

Lving round any thing. 
CJRCL'Mi'TION. /. [circumitum.] The 

adt cf g'ing rouno. 
CIRCUMLICA'TION. /. [ciuumi^o, Lat. J 

1. The a(fi: i^J' binding round. 

2. The bond w-th any thing is en~ 


CIRCUMuOCtf'TION. /. [circum.'ocuno, 


I. A circuit or compafs of words; peri- 

phr.^fu. Swifi, 

2 Tue ufe of indire£l expreflions. 

U Efiravge. 
CIRCUMMU'RED. a. \_circum.^ Walled 

ixuno. Shake, p'are, 


may hi" fj'I'd roum. Kay. 

To CIRCUMNAVIGATE, -v. a. [circum 

and na'vi^o ] To lail round. 

DiiiT'g round. j^rb.tthnot. 

CIRCUMPLICA TION. /. [ cinuwpiico, 

Lat. J 

I. 'she a£l of enwrarping on every fide. 

7,, The ii^'.e. .f being snwra^i'ed. 
CIRCU;\"P0'LAK. a. [ixcTii<:n -urn and f>o- 

/j,-. j R.)und the pole. 
ClRCUMFOSI'TiON. /. [from cnrwi and 

fojitwn.] The act of placing am thing 

circu'-'vly. E'oe.yn. 

CIRCUMRA'SION /. [circumrafio, Lat.J 

The a£t of n!,ie i.r i.nng round, 
CIRCUiVROTA'TiCN. /. [ and 

roto, Lat. J Tlie act or whirling roui.d 

like i wheel. 
To CL'^CUMSCRIBE, -v. a. [circum and 

Jcrib'.^ Laun,j 

J. T.) inciofe in certain lines or bounda- 

a. To bound ; to limit ; to confine, 

CIRCUMSCRIPTION./. [ cncw^Jcnitio, 

Lat n.J 

I. DcteriTiination of particular form or 

magnitude. Ray, 

z. Linutation ; confinement. 


C I R 

CIRCUMSCRIPTIVE, a. Tfrom c!>-cu,». 

f'-nbf. 1 Jnclufiiig the fuperficies. Creiv. 
CIRCUMSPE'CT. a. [nrcumfcaum, Lat. J 

Cautious ; attrntive j watchful. Boyle. 
ClRv UMSPE CTION. /. [from arcumjpM.-^ 

Watchtulnefs on every fjde ; caution; 

ppneial attention. C'c^er.dcn. 

CIRCUMSPECTIVE, a. [circuv^jp.dum, 

Litii'.j Attentive J vigilant; cautious. 

CIRCUMSFE'CTIVELY. ad. [from circum. 

fpiQ.'ve.'^ CautiouJly ; Vigilantly. 
CiKCUMSPi/CTLY. ad, [i:omcircuwfp a 1 

Witchfillv ; v!';'anlly. Ray 

CIRCUMSPE'CTNESS. /. [from circum'. 

ffc^. I C.iuiion ; vigilance. Wot ton, 

Cl'i<CUMSTANJE./ [ci,c:.vflamia, Lat.j 

I. Something appendant er relative to a 

♦''<^- South, 

i. Accident; fomething adventitious. 


3. Incident ; event. Clarendon, 

4. Condition 5 (late of affairs. Bcvtley, 
ToCPRCUMST^NCE. nj.a. To place in 

particular litualion, or leJation to the 
thir'g^. Dunnt. 

CIRCUMSTANT. a. [circunfium, Lat.] 
Surrou! ding. Digby, 

CIRCUM T-i.KTIAL. a. [circumjlatuialit, 
low Lat.l 

I. Accidental ; not efftntial. South, 

Z- Incidental ; calual. Donne, 

3 Full of fmo.l f vents i detailed. Prior. 

CIRCUMSTAN-1I4 LITY. j'. The appen- 
dage of circunifldnces. 

CIRCUMSl A'N( lALLY. W. [from cir- 
cui::fiunii. 1. J 

1. According to circuiT.ftance j not e/Ten- 
fiil.y. CUn-ville, 

2. Minutely ; exa'f>.'y. Broome, 
To ClRC'/MSTA/NllATE. v, a. [from 

circiinj'ariie. \ 

1. To place in part'cular circumftances. 


2, To place in a particular ccndition. 

To CIRCUMVA LLATE. i>. „. [arcutn- 
■vailo, La; ,] To inclofe round with trench- 
es or foinncations. 
CiilCUMVALLA'TION. /. [from c:rcum- 
•vaLate, Lat. J 

1. The art or aft of cafling up fortifica- 
tions round a piace. //V.'/j. 

2. The lortification thrown up round a 
pldce hei'egcd. Ho'wel, 

CIRCUMVE CTION. /. [ circumveftiSf 

1. The ai£t of carrying round. 

2. The ftnte of beirg canicd rourd. 

To CIRCUMVENT, v. a [ciramvcnio, 

Lat.] Toritceiv?; to ch.f at. K-'oHet. 

CIRCUMVE'NTION. /. [ from urcum. 

U » I. Fraud j 

C I T 

1. Fraud ; impufture \ cheat ; deliinon. 

Sau'h. C'tUiir. 

a. Prevention ; pre-cccupation. Shjk'fp. 
To CIR.CUMVEST. i: a. [circum-veJ>:o, 

Lat. j To cover round with a garment. 

CIRCUMVOLA'TION.7". arcumvolo, Lst. j 

The a<ft oF )1v iig round. 
To CIR.CUMVOLVE. v. a. Icircum-volvc, 

Lat.] To roil round. Glorf^jile. 

CIRCUMV^OLU'IJON. /. Icircum-voluius, 

Lu ] 

1, The afb o? rolling round. 

a. The tiling roiled round another. 

CIRCUS. 7 /. [cirrus, L^tin.] An open 
Cl'R^E. i fpace or area for fports, 

Sidney. St'Hin^/'/et, 
CIST. /. [(»/?-••, Latin.] A cafe ; a \cg,'.i- 

ment ; commonly the inclolure of a tu- 
CrSTED. a. [frcmcij}.] Incloied in a ci/I, 

C- '■ L'. 

CISTERN./ [.-y?»-;;a, Latin.] 

1. A leceptacle of water for domcfiick 
ul'er, isoutb. 

2. A relervoir ; an inclofed fountain. 

■ 3. Any watry receptacle. Shci/telpeare. 

C16TUS. f. [Lat.] Rockrofe. 
CiT. /. [contratUdfrorr. c-V/:?t:n.] An in. 

habitant of a city. A pert low townlman. 


CI'TADEL. /. [citadellt, French.] A tur- 

trefs 5 a ca'M;. Drydin. 

CI'TAL, /. [frcmf.-Vf.] 

I Reproof; impeachment. SI ak fbcare, 

■a. Summons ; citation. 
CITATION./, [citaf.o, Latin.] 

I The cali.og a oeifun before the judce. 

Jt. Quotation ; from another author. 

3. Toe pafLige or words quoted. TVatts. 

4.'n ; mention. Hamjiy. 
CITATORY. a. [from Ta a-V ] Having 

the po*ei or f-ini of citation. /!ylijjs. 

T'> (-ITE. lua. [f.Vo, Latin.] 

1. To fijniirji.n to onfwer in a court. 


2. To enjoin ; to call upon another autho- 
rilauvely. Prior. 
•? To quote. Ilo^k^r. 

CTER. / [fromc//f.J 

1. One who cic^s mt • a court. 

a. One wi.o qu.-tes ; a quoter. Aiterhury, 
CI • E ji. j. [irom «f.] A city woman. 

CI'THLR."^". /. [ciih^a, Latin.] A kind 

of h.fro. Mac. 

Cl'TlA-:- y [dtoye Fren.b.] 

1. A liucmaa of a city. Rahigh. 

2. A to nlmJii ; nut a ge itleman. S'/cA. 

3. Au iiihabiunc, Drjden, 

C I V 

CITIZEN', a. riaviijg the qualjticfof act-- 
tizen. Sl.iik:fpeare. 

CITRINE, rt. \_:iirinu$, Lat.] L;mon-co- 
ioiired. Gr"W. Floycr. 

CITRINE-/, [from fw/Wj, Litin.] A 
Ipecies of rryrta! of an extremely pure, 
clear, and line textjre, ge-nerally free frorn 
flaws and blemiflics. Our je^yellers cut 
flones for rings nut of it, which are gener- 
ally miftaken f r topazes. /////. 

CITRON TREE. / [from dirus, Latin.] 
One fort, with a pointed fruit, is in grea? 
efteem. Altler. ^ddijon. 

CITRON WATER. /. Aqua vita;, dilHll- 
cd with the rind of citr:"/ns. Po^e, 

CI'TRUL. / Pumpion. 

CrrV. / [cite, French.] 

1. A large collcdion of houfes and inhabi- 
tants. 1'emple. 

2. In thcEnglifh law. A town corporate, 
that h.uh a b./h.ip. Cotvel. 

3. I he inhabitants of a certain city. 


CITY. a. Ri'Iating tothecity. Shakcj'peare, 

Ci'V'Er. /. [f/W/fc, Fr.] A perfume from 
the civet car. The ciiet, or {.i-vet cat, is 
a little animal, not unlike our cat, ex- 
cepting that his fnout is more pointed, his 
claws lefs dangerou?, and his cry differ- 
ent. Trvovx. Bacon, 

CrVICK. a. \_civieus,hn\n.^ Relating to 
civil honourb ; not military. Pope, 

CI'\TL. a. [ci-viiis, Latin.] 

1. Relating to the community ; political. 

Hooktr. Sfrat, 

2. Not in snarchy ; not wild, RoJamnwJK 

3. Not foreign-; inteftine, Baion, 

4. Not eccletiadical. 
<i. Not natiVal. 

6. Not milrfary. 

7. Not criminal. 

8. Civilifed ; not barbarous. Spenfer, 

9. Complaifant ; civilifed j gentle ; well 
bred. Dryden, 

10. Grave ; fobcr. Mikcn, 

1 1. Relating to the ancient confular or im- 
perial government ; »s, civil law. 

ClVI'LlAN. / [c,-v,l:s, Lat ] One that 
profedcs the knowledge of the old Roman 
law. Bacon, 

CiVi';TTY. /. [from nWA] 

J. Frecd:jm from barbarity. Ddvies. 

2. Politenefs ; complaifance ; elegance of 
behaviour. Carendon. 

3. Rule of decency ; pradlife of politenefs, 

To CI'VILIZE. -v. a. [from cZ-z///.] To re- 
claim from favagenefs and brutality. 


CrVILIZER. /. [from ci-vilixe.'l He that 

reciaims others fiom a wild ana favage life. 


Ci'vJLLY, ad, [from civil.'^ 

I. {a 

C L A 

1. In a manner i elating to governmenf. 


2. Politely J coinplaifantly j without rude- 
Jieff. CiiiiiT, 

3. Without gay or gaudy colours. Bacop. 
ClZE. /. [from/»c//i, Ljt.] The quantity 

of any thing, with regard to itsexternal 
form. Crew, 

CLACK. /. [k'lJtchen, Germ, to rattle.] 
I. Any thing that makes a lafting and ira- 
portunate noil'e. Prior. 

». The Clack of a Mill. A beli that 
rings when more corn is -rciniired to be 
put in. Betiirton. 

To CLACK, [from the noun. J 
I. To make a chiniiing noife. 
1. To let the tongue run. 

CLAD. part. ■ptet. Clothed j inverted ; garb- 
ed. I Kingi. SiviJ't. 

To CLAIM, v. a, \_clamer, French.] To 
demand of right j to require authorita- 
tively. Locke. 

CLALM. /. . [from the verb.] 

1. A demand of any th ng, as due. 


2. A title to any privilege or pifltjiiion 
in the hands of another. Locke. 

3. In Jaw. A demand of any thing that 
is in the pofTelhon of another. Coiuel. 

CLAIMABLE, a. That which may he de- 
manded as due. 

CLA'IMANT. /. [from c'alm.] He that 
dimands any thing as u.njuilly detained by 

A CLA'IMER. /. [from chim.] Hs that 
makes a demand. ^.^ 

To CLA'MBER. -v. n. To ijimb with dif- 
ficulty. ^hj\lj.eare. Ray. 

To CLAMM. -v. a. [cla-mnfl^^Sax. j To 
clog v.ith any glutinous matter, 

CLA'MMINESS. /. [from c/ammy.] Vif- 
cofity ; vifcidity. Mexon. 

CLAMMY, a. [from clamm.J Vifcous j 
glutinous. £,icon. Addijon. 

CLAMOROUS, a. IfromcljJt.our.] 
ferous ; noify. Hoohr. Swift. 

CLA'MOUR. /. [c/jwor, Latin.] Outcry} 
noife j exclamation ; vociferation. 

K. Charles. Jlddijor,. 

To CLA'MOUR. 'v.n. To make outcries ; 
to exclaim ; to vociferate. Sb.kejpeare, 

CLAMP. /. [clawp, French.] 

1. A piece of wood joined to another. 

2. A quantity of biicks. Mcrtimer, 
To CLAMP, v. a. [from the noun, j Ends 

ot tables are commonly clamf^ed. Moxon. 
CLAN. j. \^klaan, in the Highlands, (ig- 

nifies children.^ 

I. A family j a race. Milton, 

z. A body or fedl of perfons. Sivift. 

CLA'NCULAR. a. [cl<}nculariui, Latin.] 

Ciandeftinej fecreti Decay of Piety, 

C L A 

CLANDE'STIN'E. a. [Jund^f.inus, Lat.7 
i.ecrc:t; n.aden. BUichnore. 

CLANDE'STJNELV. <id. [from dandeji. 
ine.'\ Secretly ; piiv.,tely. Hiuift. 

CLANG. /. {clangor, Lat.] A fliarp, fhriU 
"'''''"• Mlhon. Drydev. 

To CLANG, -r/. 71. [clango, Lat.] Ta 
clatter ; to make a loud ihrill noife. 

^ Prior, 

CLA'NOOUR. /. {clangor, Lat,] A h.ud 
fhi-ii! louiij. Drydcn, 

CI.A'I.GOUS. a. {U:>mcla,.g.'\ Ma.'cing a 
^'^'^'■S- n civn. 

CLANK. /. [from chug.] A J-^nd ihnlj, 
(harp iibik-. Speciator. 

To CLAP. -v. a. [clappan, Sax.] 

1. To ftrike together with a quick tno~ 
t'°n- >^. 

2. To add one thing to another. Taylor. 
2- To do any thing with a fudden hafty 
motion. p,.,^,.^ 

4. To celebrate or praife by clapping the 
hands ; to applaud, Drydea, 

5. To infeft with a venereal poifon. 


6. To Clap up. To complete fuddenly. 

To CLAP. -v. n. 

X. To move nimbly with a noife. Dry den. 

2. To enter with alacrity and brhknefa 
upon .iny thing. Shakefpeare. 

3, To ftrike the hands together in applaufe. 

Epilogue to Hen, VIII, 
CLAP. /. [from the verb.] 

1. A loud noife made by fudden collifion. 


2. A fudden or unexpefled afl or motion. 


3. An explofion of thunder. Jiakeivell. 

4. An ait of appl.iufe. ydddrjon, 

5. A venereal infedlion. Pope, 

6. The nether part of the beak of a hawk. 
CLa'PPER. /, [from fa;.] 

1. One who ciaps with n.s hands. 

2, 1 he- tongue of a bell. Addifotl. 
To CLAPPERCLA'VV. rv. a. [from clap 

and iUiv.\ To tongue- beat j to fci id. 

CLA'RENCEUX, or Cla'rencjehx. /. 

The fecond king at arms : fo named from 

the dutchy ot Clarence. 
CLARE-OBSrURE. /. [from clarui, bright, 

and ol'fairus, Lat ] L'ght and /hade in 

painting. Prior. 

CLA'RET. /, {clairet, Fr,] French wine. 
CLA'RICORt). /. [from clarui and chorda^ 

Latin,] A mufical inftrument in form of 

a fpiiiette. Chamber i. 

CLARIFICATION,/, {Uom clarify, \ The 

act- of making .iny thing clear from im- 



ToCLA'RIFY. -v. a. {clarifer, French,] 
I, To purify or clear. Bacon. 

a. To 

C L A 

1 To brighten ; to i!lum nate. South, 

CLA'RION. /, [(r/d/-/n, iuan.] Atrumpet. 

Spenfe-. Pofe. 

CLa'R.'TY. /. [clurt; Bngin- 

r.'_l5 , .plrndour. Raei^h. 

CLA RY. /. An herb. B<JCon. 

Te CLASH, -i/. r. [kutjen, Dut.] 

1. To make a noife by iTiuiual coJlificn. 

Dunham, li^n-iey. 

2. To a£l with oppoCte power, or cun- 
frary direc'iion. South. 

3. To coritradift ; oppofe. SpLEIator. 
To CLASH. I.-. <z. To ihike one thing 

againft another. 
CLALH. /. 

1. A noify cojlifion of two bodies. Denham. 

2. Oppofition ; contradiiflion. Atterbury, 
A CLASP. /. {i-hL^jpe, Dutch.] 

J. A hook to iioJd any thing c!ofe. 


2. An embrace. Shakefpeare. 
To CLASP, v. a. [f-om the noun, j ' 

1. To rtiut with a chip. Hooki'r. 
a. To c. tch and huld by twining. 'AlUton, 

3. T^' .nciorf between the hands. Bjcsti. 

4. To rmorace. Smith. 

5. Tj indole. ShakefpCiire, 
CLA'SPLR. / [from c'cfp,"] The tendrels 

or thrcTds of crtepim; pi-.nts. Ri'y. 

CLASFKNIFE. /. A which folds luio 

the handle. 
CLAjS./ [frnmf/.3/??w, Latin.] 

3. A rai.k ur order of perfonf. Dryden. 

a. A number of boys learning the larr.e 

leflnn. V/'atti. 

3. A fet of beings or things. Addifon. 

To CLASS, "v. a. To range according to 

fome Aated method pf dif^ribution. 

Ai l)iithnot. 
CLASSICAL, or CLASsitK. a. lcL£,cui, 

L^tin. j 

J, Re.attng to antique authors. 

AdJifc,;. Fehon. 

2. Of the firft order or rank. Arbuttr.of, 
CLASSICK. /. An author of the firlt rank. 
CLASilS. j. [Latin j Ordsr j fort ; body. 

Tu CLA'TTER. -v. n. [clitpurse, a rattle. 
Sixain. 1 

1. T Ttii'kt a n.-ife by knocking two fo- 
no. ^'Us bodies frequently together. Dryden. 

2. Ti- uiter a ncl'e by i>e n^ ltiui.k tcge- 
■ th.'r Kro'ies. 

3. 'lo •■i'lU f'!^ arJ iciy. Duayf t e^y. 
ToCi ATTtR. V. a 

. I. To linke any thing fo as 10 m<ik. it 

found. Ait. run 

2, To difpiire, jar, or clamour. Mtirtin, 
A CLATTER. J. [from the verb.] 

I. A rHdrng no'femade by frequent colli- 
fion of fon rous bodies. S-jvifl. 

%. Any tumultuous and confufed no le. 

B. Johnjln, 


CL.VVATED, a. [cl av at ui, hit.] Knobbed. 


CLA'UDENT. a. IdauJent, Lat.j Shutt- 
ing j .nclofitig. 
To CLA'UDICATE. f . «. [claudico.'] To 


CLAUDICA'TION. The habit of haltino:. 


CLAVE, [the preterite of cka-ve.] 

CLA'VELLATED. u. [ da-vellaius, low 
Latin.] Made wiih ujrnt tartar, A chy- 
rnical term. Arbuthnot, 

CLA'VER. /". [clspji. Sax,] Clover. 

CLAVICLE. /. IcUwcuh, Lat.] The 
coi:,ivb!ne. B'oivn. tViJeman, 

CLAUoE.y. \_c!/iufula, Latin. J 

1. A l'i.-:,t;e:^e ; a fingle p.'it if difcourfe ; 
a fubdivillo:! of a larger le.iieiice. Hooker. 

2. An article, or particular O\,uhtion. 
CLA'USTRAL. a. [fc<im cLufiruw.] Lat.] 

Ri;latin2 I . a cloyfter. Ayhffi. 

CLA'USURE. /. Iclaujurn, Lat,] Confine- 
ment. Ceddei. 

A CLAW, /, [clsp^n, Saxon,] 

1. The foot of a Dealt or bird, armed with 
fharp nails, Sfrnfer, Garth. 

2. A hand, in contempt. 

To CLAW. -v. a. fcl.pan, Saxon.] 

I. To tear wiih nails or claw i. SLakefpcare, 
Z. T> tear or fcritch ingenv-ral. Uud:hrc%. 

3. To tickle. i'.hakfpiare, 

4. To Qi.A\\i of. To fcold. UEp range. 
CLA'WRACK. /. A flatterer ; a wheedlep. 
CLA'WED. a. [from claiv.] Farnilhtri or 

armed with cla.vs. Gieiv, 

CLAY. /. [(/.;, Welch.] U.iiluousand te- 
nacious earth. h'aCtt, 

To CLAY. V. a. To cover v. ith clay. 


CLAY-COLD. a. Cold as the unanimated 
c^rth. R'.we, 

CLAY PIT. Api' wi^ere c:?y is dug. 


CLA'YEY. Confiflingof cl.-y. Denham? 

CLA'YMARL, [^cluy and marl.\ A thallcy • 
clay. Mortim.r. 

CLEAN, a. [dsne, Saxon.] 

I. Fiee from dirt or filrh. Sperfer. 

2 Chafle 5 innocrnt ; goiiriefs. 
3. Elrgrnt 5 neat j notunwieldly ; lot in- 
cumbred. J'^aHcr, 

/!.. Not leprous. Ltv:ttcus, 

CLE vN. iid. Quite; perfeaiy . l.j'lyj 
cncnpi£"ely. Hoci^cr, 

1( Ci^E'tN. ni. a. To fiet fiom dirt. 


CL^' A -.L'.LY. ul. T:< a c>: Illy manner. 

CLEANLINf.S'i. /. ['^'^^- ruanly.] 

1. Freedom from dirt o. filth. Addifon. 

2. N-atnefV of drefs; H""'y- iiidnty, 
CL^ AIv'LY. a. [fr.iM dear..] 

i. Free fiom dirtinefs j pure in the perfon. 
D yden, 
ji That 


3. That wliich in'kes cleanlinefs. Prior, 

3. Pure; im 7 oiUiate. G!anvtt!e, 

4. Nice ; artful. U Ejii-arg^e. 
CLE'ANLY. iii/. [Uom c/itfn. j tiegantly j 

CLE'ANNESS. /. [fromWfj».] 

1. Ncdtni'.i j /Veedon from lil h. 

2. Eafy exa(£i:nefs ; juftuefsj n..tural, nn- 
Ijboured corredlnefs. D'yi-en. 

3. Purity j innocence. Pope. 
To Cleanse, -v. a. [cla?nj-nn, Saxon.] 

I. To free froRi filth or dirt. Prior, 

Z. To puiify from guilt. Pro-vcrhi. 

3. To free from noxiuus humours. 


4. To free from leprofy. Mu>k. 

5. To fcour. Add [on. 
A CLE'.ANSER. /. [c'^r.p jie, Sax.] Th«t 

wh;ch has the quality of evacuating. 

CLEAR, a. [clair, Fr. c'arus, Latin.] 

I. Bright J trai.ftJicuous j pellucid ; tranf- 
parent ; not opacous. Dtr.ham, 
■Z. Free from cicuds j ferencj as a c.'ear 

3. Without mixture; pure; unmingled. 

4. Perlpicuous ; not oblcure ; not ambi- 
guous. Temple, 

5. Indifputable ; evident ; undeniable. 


6. Apparent ; manifeft ; not hid. Hacker, 

7. Unfpolted ; guihlefs ; itreproacha'.'le. 

iibakefpeaTe, Pope, 

8. Unprepoflefled ; impartial. Sidney. 

9. Free from diftrcfs, piofecution, or im- 
puted guilt. Cciy. 

10. Free from dedudlions or incumbrances. 


II. Vacant; unobitrudted. 

Shakefpeare, Pope, 

12. Out of debt, 

13. Un. mangled j at a fafe diflance from 
danger, Soak:f[.eare, 

14. Canorous > founding diftindlly. 


15. Free; guiltlefs. Sujan. 
CLEAR, .id. Clean ; quite j completely. 

U Ejirange, 
To CLEAR, -v. a. 

1. To make bright ; to brighten. Dryden. 

2. To free frcm obfcunty. Boyle. 

3. To purge from the imputation of guilt; 
to juftify. Hayzoard, 

4. To clea fe. Shakefpeare. 

5. To difcharge ; to remove any incum- 
brance. JViikinu Addifon. 

6. T-> free from any thing ofi'enfive. 


7 To clarify ; as to ckar liquors. 

8 Tf gain without dedudion. Addifon. 
Ta CLEAR, -v.r. 

I. I o grow br ght ; to recover tranfpa- 
ren»/, Sbakcjpcare, Norm, 


2. To be difengaged from incumbra.ncej, 
orenta.ngier. onrs. Bu(on, 

CLE' ARAN :E. / A certificate that a lliip 

hac cicii.' <.i die ciilomhoiifr. 
CL;:'ARER. j. B ighiener j purifier ; en- 

iignr^ner. .nddifeii, 

CLEARLY, ad. [from o'ear.J 

J. Brightly ; iuminoull^. Hooker. 

Z. Plainly ; evidrntly. Robert, 

3. With difcernmcnt ; acutely.B.7ii/..,.-/o«. 

4. Without entanglement. Bjcou. 

5. Without by-e.nds ; honeflly. TiUotfon. 

6. Without dedudiion or coft. 

7. Without rtferve ; without fubterfuge. 


CLE'ARNESS. /. [from clear,] 

I. Traiifparency ; brightnels. Bacon, 

Z. Splendour ; luftre. Sidney, 

3. Diftiiiftnefs ; peifpicuity. Addifon 

CLEAR I'GHTED. a. [dear and fi/rr.] 
D.fcrrn. ng ; jud'cious. D^r.ham. 

To CLE' ARST ARCH. "j. a. {char and 
fiarcb.] To ftifFen with ftirch. Addijtn, 

To CLEAVE. V. n. pret. / cL-vc, p^rt. 
cloi'en, [clcopin. Sax.] 
1. To adhere ; to ftick ; to hold to. Job, 
z. To unite aptly ; to fit. Sis^-k ,'p-i-e, 

3. To unite in concord. Hcoker. h.7iod-s, 

4. To be concomitant. Hooker. 
To CLEAVE, f. a, preterite, / clo-vs, I 

claiir, I cleft ; part. pafl". claven, or cleft, 
[clerpin, Sax,] 

1. To divide with violence ; to fplit, 

MiLon, Blackmore, 

2. Tj divide. Deutronomy, 
To CLEAVE, -v.n, 

I. To part afunder. Shakefpeare, Pope, 
Z. To fufl'er divifion. A'eivton. 

A CLE'.V/ER. [(torn elea-ve.] A butcher's 
initrument to cut animals into joints. 


CLEES. /. The two parts of the foot of 
biorts which are cloven -footed. 

CLEF./, [from cUf, key, Fr.] A marfc 
at the beginning of the lines of a fong, 
which /hews the tone or key in which the 
p;ei.e is to begin. Ct^ambers, 

CLEFT, part. paiT. [from cLave.'] Divided. 


CLEFT. /. [from cleave.] 

1 . A fpace made by the feparatlon of parts ; 
a crack. J^'^oodivard, 

2, In farriery. Clefts appear on the 
bought of the patterns, and are caufcJ I- 
a fharp and malignant humour. 

Farr. D el. Ben. Jubrfi. 

ToCLETTGRAFT. -v.a. {cleft^nAgraf.\ 

To engraft by cleaving the ilock of a tree. 

Mo- tirr-r, 

CLE'MENCY, [f.Vwen«, Fr. dementi a, Lu. j 

Me cy ; remiffion of feverity. Addison, 

Cl.E'MENT. a. [derrens, Latin.] MiJd j 

gentle; mercifui. 


C L I 

To CLEPE. v. a. [ciypian, Saxon.] "^o 

caJl. Hhdk.jpejre. 

CLE'RGY, /. ItUrge, Fr. .tX^^o;.] The 

boily of men fet apart by due ordina- 

tiun for the feri'lce of God. Shak^pe^n. 
CLE'RGYMAN. /. A mdn in ho>> >.;der£ j 

not ,. I^ick. ^ivift. 

CLE'RICAL. fl. \clcrkut, Lat.] Relying 

to the ckrgv. Eucon. 

A CLKRK. /.' cItpK, Sax.] 

I. A clprgyman. yiyliffe. 

1. A fcholar j a man of letters. i>outh. 

3. A man empl.yed under another as a 
writer. iihahejpean, 

4. A petty writer in publick offices. 

«;. The layman who reads the'relponfes to 
the congreg tiO.i ii» the church, to diredt 
the re^. 
CLERK3KI1\ /. [from derk.'\ 

1. Scholarlhip. 

2. The office of a clerk of any kind. 

CLEVE. ■) At the b. ginning or end of the 
CLIF. J- proper name ef a place, denotes 
CLIVE. ^ it to be fituated on a rock or 

CLE'VER. a. 

1. Dextrous; fivilfiil. ^dJifon. 

2. lull: ; fit j proper ; commodious. Po[e. 

3. Well-fhaped ; handfome. Arbuthnot. 
CLE'VERLY. ad [from cU'ver,'\ Dex- 

troully ; fitly ; handfomely. Hndikras. 
CLE'VERNESS. /. [from clever.] Dexterity ; 

CLEW. /. c!ypj, S-x.] 

J, Thread wound upon a bottom. 


2, A guide ; a direflion. ^mith. 

To CLEW. 1/. i/. To clew the's, is to 

raife them, in order to be furled. 

To CLICK. V. n. [cUcken, Dut.] To make 

a fharp, fucceflive noife. Gay. 

CLl'CKLER. /. [from cA-V*.] A low word 

for the fervant of a falefman. 
CLI'CKET. The knocker of a door. 

CLI'ENT. /. [cliens, Latin.] 

1. One who ap|.lies to an advocate for 
courifel and defLnce. Taylor, 

2. A dependant. Ben. Johnjon. 
CLVENTED. parti, a. Supplied with cli- 

-;iits. Cunw. 

C JENTE'LE. /. [clientela, Lat.j The 

condition or office of a client. 

Ben. Jchnjcn. 
CLI'ENTSHIP. /. [from client.] The ec n- 

dition of a client. Drydcn. 

CLIFF. /. [clivus, Lat. clip, Sax^n.] A 

flecD rock 3 a rock. Bacon. 

CLIFT. /. The fame with Cliff. 


C L i 

CLIMA'CTER. /. [;<>.i/xaxJ«;.] A certain 
prcgreilion of years, fuppofed to end in a 
dsngiTous time. Broicn^ 

CLIMACTE'RICK. 7 a. [from clima£l- 

CLL'W.'iClE'RICAL i er.] Containing 
a certjin number of years, at the end of 
«hich fume gieat change is fuppofed to be- 
f;il the bodv. Braiun. Pope, 

CLIMATE.'/. [^-Klfxn.] 

I. A fpace upon tiie furface of the earth> 
me.ifured from the equator to the polar 
circles J in each of which fpaces the long- 
C:f day is half an hour longer. From the 
pol-ir circles to the poles climates are mea- 
fured by the increafe of a month. 
a. A region, or tract cf land. Dryden. 

To CLI'MATE. V. n. To inhabit. Shakc^p. 

CLl'MA rURE. /. The fame with climate. 

CLI'.MAX, /. [xx;^4.] Gradation; af- 
cent ; a figure in rhetorick, by which the 
fentence rifes gradually. Dryden, 

To CLIMB, -u. n. pret. cbmh or climbed \ 
part, c'.omb or chnibed. [climan. Sax.] T>) 
alcend up any placei Sam, 

T.) CLLMB. t;. a. Toafcend. Frior. 

CLl'MBER. /. [fromc/);?/^.] 

1. One that mounts or fcales any place ; 
a mounter ; a rifer. Careio, 

2. A plant that creeps upon other fupports. 


3. The name of a particular herb. 

CLIME./, [from climate.] Climate; re- 
gion'; trad of earth. Milton. Atterbury, 
T- CLIXCH. -v. a. [clynija. Sax.] 

1. To hold in hand with the fingers bent, 


2. To contradl or double the fingers. Szvift. 

3. To bend the point of a nail in the other 

4. To confirm ; to fix ; as, to clinch an 

CLINCH./, [from the verb.] Apiun; an 
aintiguity. B'jyle. Diyden, 

CLINCHER. /. [from clinch.] A cramp} 
a holdfaft. Pope. 

To CLING, f. V. pret. I clung ; part. 1 bavt 
clung. \^Klynger, D^nifh.] 

1. To hang upon by twining round. 

Ben yohnfon, 

2. Tidy up; to confume. Sh^kefpeare. 
CLI'NGY. a. [from cling.] Clinging j ad- 


CLINICAL. 7 "• [ xXr.4.', to lie down. ] 

CLI'NIvJK. 5 One that keeps the bed. 


To CLINK, -v. n. To utter a fmall, inter- 
rupted noife. Prior. 

CLINK. / [frcim the verb.] A fliarp fuc- 
cfflive noife. Shukifpeare, 

CLl^'^JANT. f. [ Fr. ] Embroidery 5 
fp.;ngles. Hhukeffeare. 


C L O 

To CLIP. [i;. a. clippan, Saxon.] 

1. To embrace, by throwing the arms 
round. Sidney. Ray, 

2. To cut with fheers. Suckling. BentUy, 

3. It is particularly ufed of thofe who 
diminifh coin. Locke, 

4. To curtail ; to cut fiiort. ^ddifon. 

5. To confine j to hold. Shakef/eare. 
CLI'PPER. /. One thar debafes co:n by 

cutting. Addijon. 

CLIPPING. /, The part cut or clipped 

ofF. Locke, 

CLI'VER. /. An herb. MilUr. 

A CLOAK. /. [/ach, Saxon.] 

I. The outer garment. Pope. 

1. A concealment. ^ Peter, 

To CLOAK, -v. a. 

1. To cover with a cloak. 

2. To hide J to conceal. Spenftr. 
CLO'AKBAG. /. [from cloak sn^ bag.}' A 

portmanteau 5 a bag in which cloaths are 
carried. Sbakeffer.rf. 

CLOCK. /. [docc, Welfh.] 

1. The inftrumcnt which tells the hour. 


2. It is an ufual expreHion to f^y, fVkat 
it it of the clock, for TVhut kour is it f 
Or ten o'clock, for the tenth l:icur. 

3. The clock of a flocking ; the flowers 
or inverted work about the ankle. Sivijt. 

4. A fort of beetle. 
CLO'CKMAKER. /. An artificer whofe 

profefTion is to make clicks. Derham. 

CLO'CKWORK. /. Movement^ by weights 

or fprings. Prior. 

CLOD. /. [club, Saxon.] 

I. A lump of earth or clay. B- Johnfon. 

a. A turf 5 the ground. South. 

3. Any thing vile, bafe, and eariliy. 

Mi bin, 

4. A dull fellow ; a dolt. Dry den. 
To CLOD. "v.n. [from the noun.] Toga-- 

ther into concretions ; to coagulate. Milton, 
To CLOD. v. a. To pelt with clods. 
CLO'DbY. a. [from clod.'\ 

I. Confifting of earth or clods; earthy. 

2 Full <^f clods xinbroken. Mortimer. 

CLO'DPATE. /. [fWand pate.^ A ftupid 

fellow ; a dolt ; a tliickfcuil. 
CLO'DPATED. a. [from cW/ja/s] Dolt- 

i(h : th'iughtiefs. Arhuthnot. 

CLO'DPOLL. /. A thickfcull ; a dolt. 

To CLOG. -v. a. [from hg.'\ 

1. To load with fomeihing that mJv hin. 
der motion. ^sh- 

2. To hinder ; to obftrufl. RaLi^h. 

5. To load ; tu burthen. Shjkeipeare. 

To CLOG. -v. n. 

1. To coalefce ; to adhere. Evelyn. 

a. To be encumbered or impeded. Sharp, 

C L O 

CLOG, /. [from the verb.] 

I. Any incumbrance hung to hinder mo- 
tion- . Miloti. 
a. A hindrance; an obftrudlion. HoAr, 

3. A kind of additional fhoe worn by wo- 
men, to keep them from wet. 

4. A wooden fhoe. Har-vey. 
CLO'GGINESS. /. [from cloggy.] The 

ftate of being clogged. 
CLO'G'GY. *. [from r%.] That which 

has the power of clogging up. Box!:, 

CLO'ISTER. /. [claurt'ji, Sax, chu/hlm, 


1. A religious retirement. Davies. 

2. A D^ifrile ; a piazza. 

To CLO'"tER. -v. a. [from the noun.] 
To /hut up in a religious houfe ; to im- 
murp from the world. Bacon. Rymer, 

CLOISTERAL. a. Solitary; retired. 


CLO'ISTERED. part. a. [from cloijier. ) 

1. Solitary ; inhabiting cloifters. Shokefp, 

2. Built with periftiles or piazzas. Wvtton, 
CLOISTRESS./, [homclcijler.] A nun. 


CLOMB. \pret. of To cUmL] Milton. 

To CLOOM. f. a. [clsemian, Sax.] Tt> 

fhut wirh vifcous matter. Mortitmr, 

To CLOSE, -v. a. [clos, Fr. claujus, Lat.] 

1. To ilijt ; to lay together. Prior, 

2. To conclude j to end j to finifh. 


3. To inclofe ; to confin?. Sbokefpeare. 

4. To pin ; to unite fratlures. Addijon. 
To CLOSE, -v. n. 

1. To coalefce j to join its own parts to- 
gether. Numbers. Bacon. 

2. To Close upon. To agree upon. 


3. To Close ivith. 7 To come to an 
To Close m tvith, 3 agreement with ; 

to unite with, itbakefpeare. South, Neiuton. 
CLOSE. /. [from the verb.] 

1. Any tiling fliut ; without outlet. Bacon, 

2. A fmiU field indofed. Cartiv. 

3. The manner of fhutting. Chapman, 

4. The time of fhutting up. Dryden. 

5. A grapple in wreflling. Bacon, ChopmaK, 

6. A paufe or ceffation. Dryden. 

7. A contlufion or end, Mdton. 
CLOSE, a. [from the verb.] 

1. Shut faft. mikins. 

2. Without vent ; without inlet ; private. 


3. Confined ; (lagnant. Bacon, 

4. Como^ft ; folid. Burnet. 

5. Vifcous ; glutinous, JVilkiv.s. 

6. Concife ; brief. Dryden. 
■J. Immediate ; without any intervening 
oiflance or fpace. Ben. JoLnfcn. Pope. 

8. Joined one to another. Sbakefpeare, 
a. Narrow ; as a chje allev. 

X ' 10. Ad- 




C L O 

AJmitting fmall diflance. Diyden. 
Undifcovered. Soc-kelpcare, 

Hidden ; fecret ; not revealed. Boyle. 
Having the quality ot" fecrecv j truftv. 
CKittdy ; fiv. Shakefpeare. 

V/ithout wandering; attentive. Locke. 
Fall to the p')ii)t J honne. Drydtr., 
Retired ; folit^ry. 

C L O 

iS. Seciaded rVom communicatien. 

jg. Diik, cloudy, not clear, 
CLOSEBODIED. a. Made to fit the body 

ex-aitly, Ayliffe. 

CLOSEHANDED. a. Covetous. Arbutbnot. 
CLOSELY, ad. [from c/o/?.] 

1. WithoLit inlet or omler. # Boyk. 

2. Without much fpace intervening ; near- 
ly. Sbdkejpe^re. 

3. Secretly ; Hi'y. Careiv. 

4. Without devi:ition. Dryden. 
CLOSENESS. /. [fromf/o/:-.] 

1. The ftate of being fiiut. Bacon, 

2, Narrovvnefs ; ftraitnefs. 

5. Want oK air, or ventilation. Swift. 

4. Compadneh ; folidity. Bencky. 

5. Reclufenefs j folitude j retirement. 


6. Secrecy ; privacy. Co 'Her. 

7. Covetoufnefs ; fly avarice. /iddifov. 
S. Ccnnedlion ; dependence. South. 

CLOSER. /. [from ckfc.'\ A finiiher ; a 
CI ncluder. 

CLO'SESTOOL. /. A chamber implement. 


CLOSET. /. [fiom chje.l. 

s. A fmall rcora of privacy and retire- 
ment. Wotton, 
2. A private repofitory of curiofities. 


To CLO'SET. w. a. [fiom the noun.] 

1. To fliuC up, or conceal in a clofet. 


2. To take into a clofet for a fecret inter- 
view. Sivifi. 

CLOSH. /. A diflempcr in the feet of 

CLO SURE. /. [from f<W.] 

1. Theaiftof iTiucting up. Boyle. 

2. That by v\'h:ch any thing is clofed or 
fliut. ^ Pcpe. 

3. The parts inclofing ; inclofure. Shak'j'p. 

4. Conclurion ; end. Shakefpcare. 
CLOT. /.. C-incretion ; grume. Bacon. 
To CLOT. -v. V. 

1. To form clots ; to hang together. 


2. To concrete ; to 'coagulate. Philips. 
CLOTH. /. plural cloths or chthes. [claS, 


J. Any thing W'Oven for drefs or covering. 

2. The piece of limcn Qiread upon a table. 


3. The canvafs on which piflures are de- 
lineated. Dryden. 

4. In the plura). Drefs j habit j gar- 
ment ; ve/lare. Pronounced do's. 

ShahJ'peare. Temple, 

5. The covering of a bed. Prior. 
To CLOTHE, -v. a. pret. I clothed ; part. 

I have clothed, or clad, [from cloth. ^ 

1. To invert with garments ; to cover 
with dreff. . ylddifon. 

2. To adorn with drefs. Ray. 

3. To invell j as with cl&thes, Dryden. 


4. To furni/h or provide with clothes. 
CLOTHIER. /. [from doth.'] A maker 

of cloth. Graunt, 

CLO THING. /. [from To clothe.] Drefs ; 

vefture; garm.ents. Fairfax. Siuift. 

CLOTHSHE'ARER, /. One who trims 

tlu' cloth. Hakenuill. 

CLOTPOLL. /. [fr-m dot and poll.] 

1. ThickilcuU ; blockhead. Sojkfpeare. 

2. Head, in fcorn, Hhahejfeare. 
To CLOT TER. 1;. ». [klotieren, Dutch.] 

To concrete ; to coagulate, Dryden, 

CLO'TTY. a. [from ckt.] Full cf clots j 

concreted. Har-vey. Mortimer. 

A CLOUD. /. 

1. The dark colledlion of v.ipnurs in the 
air, Gren\ Rojeommon. 

2. The veins, or ftains in (lones, or other 

3. Any ftate of obfcurity or darknefs. 

4. Any thing that fpreads wide j as a 
multitude. Atterbury* 

To CLOUD, "v. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To darken with clouds. Pope, 

z. To obfcure J to make Jefs evident. 

Decay of Piety, 
3. To variegate with dark veins. Pope, 
To CLOUD, -v. «. To grow cloudy. 
• CLO'UDBERRY. /. [from c/oud and berry.} 
A plant, called alfo knotberry. 
CLO'UDCAl'T. a. Topped with clouds. 


CLOUDCOiVIPE'LLING. a. An epithet 

of fnpiter, by whom clouds were fuppofed 

to be coUcded, Waller, 

CLOUDILY, ad. [fxam cloudy.] 

1. With clouds ; darkly. 

2. Obfcureiy ; not perfpicuoufly. Spenjir, 
CLO'UDINESS. /. [from cloudy.] 

1. The ftate ot being covered withclouds ; 
darknefs. Har-vey, 

2. Want of brightncfs. Boyle, 
CLO'UDLESS. a. [from cloud.] Clear ; 

unclouded ; luminous. Pope, 

CLO UDY. a. [from cloud.] 

1. Obfcured with clouds. Exodus. 

2. Dark ; obfcure ; not intelligible. Watts, 

3. Gloomy of look j not open, nor cheer- 
ful. Spenfcr. 

4, Marked 

C L O 

4. Marked with fpots or veins. 
CLOVE./, [the preterite of cUave.'] 
CLOVE. /. [dsu, Fr.j 

I. A valuable fpice brought from Ternate. 

The fruit or feed of a very large tree. 


a. Some of the parts into which garlick 

feparates. Tan'. 

CLOVE GILLYFLOWER. /. [from its 
■"--fmeilmg like f'aitJ. j 
CLO'V'EN. part. prct. [from clea-ve.] 

CLO'VEN^-FOOTED. 7 a. [cloven and 

CLO'VEN-HOOFED 5 fiot, or boof.l^ 

Having the lout divided into two parts. 

Dryden, Ray, , 
CLO'VER. /. [ckpofi, Sax'^n.] 

1. A fpecies of trcroil. ihr.k-fpeare. 


2. 7o H-vc in Clover, is to live liKuri- 
oiifJv. Ogle. 

CLOVERED. a. [ ck-ver.] Covered 
with clover. Toom:Or., 

CLOUGH. f. Tclojjh, Saxon.] A c!;ff. 

CLOUGH. /. [in curnmerce.] An allow- 
ance of two pounds in every hundred 
weight for the turn of the fcile, ihac the 
commodity may hold out weight when 
fold by retail, 

A CLOUT. /. [chr, Saxon.] 

1, A cloth ictx any mean ute. Siuift. 

2, A patch on a fn^e or coat. 

3. Anciently, tlie mark of white cloth 
at which archers fhot. Shjk^jpeare. 

4. An iron plate to an axle tree. 
To CLOUT, -u. a. [from the noun.] 

I. To patch ; to mend coarfely. Miltort. 

■ 2. To cover with a cloth. Spenfer, 

3. To join avvk'.varJly together. yJichani, 

CLO'UTED. f.ariicip. a. Congealed'} coa- 
gulated. Gay, 

CLOUFERLY. a. Clumfy ; awkward. 


CLOWN. /. [lown, Saxon.] 

1. A rufiuk ; a chut). Sdiiey, 

2. A conrfe ill-bred man. Sf-flnior, 
CLOWNERY./, [from <:/ow«.] Hi breed- 
ing ; churlifhnefs. UEftrange, 

CLO'WNISH. a. [from down.] 

1. Confiding of ruflicks or clowns. Dryden, 

2. Cuarfe ; rough; rugged. Spct>iCr. 

3. Uncivil; ili-bred. SLak fi^eare. 

4. Ciumfv ; iineaiiily. Piicr, 
CLO'Wm>HLY.'ad. "Co.->rfe!y; rudely. 
CLO'WNISHNESS / [from e/cw/zi/j.] 

1. Rulbcity ; coarien^fs, Lccke. 

2. Incivility; brutality. 
CLOWN'S MUSTARD /. An herb. 
To CLOY, -v. a. [i-vc'ouer, Fr.J 

1. Tofatiatej to fate; to furteit. Sidney, 

2. To ftrike the beak together. Shak 'p. 

3. To nail up guns, by firiking a fpike 
into the touch hole. 

C L U 

CLO'YLESS. a. [from cloy.} That which 
cannot caufc fatietv- SLakcfpcare. 

CLO'YMENT. /. [from cloy,] Satiety j 
repletion. " ShakefpeJrr, 

CLUB. /. [clwppa, Wehh.] 

1. A heavy Itick. Spenfer, 

2. The name of one of the fuits ot c". is. 


3. The fhot or dividend. V Eftrurg^e, 

4. An adembly uf good fellov;fs. Drydcn. 

5. Concurrence ; contribution ; ' int 
charce. HuejUrai. 

To CLUB. f. ». [from the noun.] 

1. To concribute to a comnion cxpente. 

2. T ' join to one cff"e<fV. Dryder. Kinr. 
To CLUB. 1), a. To pay tj a comnvyn 

reckn^iing. Fobe. 

CLUBHE'.ADED. a, \c'ub ^niibead.] Hav- 
ing a tliick head. Derham, 
CLUBLA'VV. /. [club and /aw.] The law 

cf .irms. Addijon. 

CLUBRO'OM. / [c'ub and room.] Tiie 

room in which a club or c<inipany afirnibles. 


To CLUGK. -v. n. [cloccan, Saxon.] To 

call chickens ; as a hen. Roy. 

CLU:\!P. /. [{ram tump.] A fhapelcfs piece 

of wood. 
CLUMPS, f A numbfcull. Sk'nrer, 

CLUMSILY, ad. [from clumfy.'] Awk- 

wndly. ■ Ray, 

CLU'M-.INE?S. /. [from dunfy.] Awk. 

wardnefs ; ungainlinefs; want of dexte- 

'ity. Collier. 

CLUMSY, a. [ kmpfch, Datch, flupid. j 

Awkward ; heavy ; artlefs ; iinha-Hy. 

Ray. D<ydcr.. 
CLUNG. The preterite and paiticpie of 


To CLUNG. ''^. ^. [c!r 3 in, S.!:.on.] To 

dry as wood does. 
CLUNG, a. [ clun^u, Saxon. ] Wafled 

with leannefs. 
CLU'STER. / [clyptcp, S.^x^n.] 

1. A bunch ; a nuoirer of things of the 
fame kind growing or joined together. 

Bacon, Denkdtn. NcZi'ton. 

2. A number of animals gathered toee- 
tf'Cr. Miliott. 

3. A bodv of pe'^pie colleftcd. Aud:jori. 
To CLUSTER, -v. n. To grow in bimrbes. 

To CLU'STER. n,. a. To colieft anj thing 

into bvdies. 
CLUSTER GRAPE. /. The fmall black 

grape, cjlled the ctiirant. Monimcr. 

CLU'STFRY. a. Growing in clufters. 
To CLUTCH, -v, a. 

1. To hold in the hand ; to gripe; to 
gfal^p. Herbert. 

2, To contrail ; to double the hand. 


C O A 

CLUTCH. /. [from the verb.] 

1. The gripe ; grafp ; feizure. 

2. The paws, the talons. VEJlrangr. 

3. Hands. Stillingjiiet. 
A CLU'TTER. /. A noife } a buftle ; a 

hurry. -^"^f- 

To CLU'TTER. V. «, [from the noun.] 
To make a noife or buftle. 

A CLY'STER. J. [x^v^^^.] An injeaion 
into the anus. Arbuthrct. 

To COACE'RVATE. -v. a. \coaceriJo, Lac] 
To heap up togecher. Bacon.' 

COACERVa'TION. /. [from coacer-vate.'] 
Tne a£t of heaping. Bacon, 

COACH. /. {coche, Fr.] A carriage cf 
pleafure, or ftate. Sidney, Pcpe, 

To COACH. 1/. a. [from the noun.] To 
carry in a coach. Pope. 

COACH BOX. /. The feat on which the 
driver of the coach fits. Arhuthnot, 

COACH HIRE. /. Money paid for the 
life of a hired coach. FpiSiitcr, 

COACH-MAN. /. The driver of a coach. 


To COA'CT. -v. n. To ad together in 
concert. Shahejpeare, 

COA'CTION. /. [coaBui, Lat.] Compul- 
fion 5 force. South, 

COA'CTIVE. a, [fromccaH.} 

1. Having the force of reftraining or im- 
pelling ; cmpulfory. Raletgh. 
7., Afting in concurrence. Shakefpeare, 

COADJU'MENT. f. Mutual affiftance. 

COADjU'TANT. /. Helping j co-operat- 
ing. Philips, 


1. A fellow-helper ; an afliftant ; an af- 
fociate. Garth, 

2. In the canon law, one who is em- 
powered to perfyrm the duties of anothsr, 


COADJU'VANCY. /, Help j concurrent 

help. Broivv, 

COADUNI'TION. /. The conjunaion of 

different fubOances into one mafs. Ha'e. 

To COAGME'NT. v, a. To congregate. 

COAGMENTA'TION./. [from coagm£ni.'\ 
Coacervation into one mafs ; union. 

Ben. jfohrpjii. 
COA'GULARLE. a. [from coagtdjte.] That 
which is capable (.f concretion. Boyle. 

To COAGULATE, -v. a, [cw^a/fl, Lat.] 
To fnrce into concretions. Bacon. Wooihu. 
To COA'GULATE. -v. n. To run into 
concretions. Boyle, 

COAGULATION. /. [from coagulaie,\ 
I. Concretion : congelation. 
a. The body formed by coagulation. 


COA'GULATIVE. n. [ from coagulate. ] 

That whicli has the power of cauling con- 

sretiou, B'-'yk. 

C O A 

COAGULA'TOR. /. [ from coagulate. } 
That which caufes coagulation. AibuthKOt. 
COAL. /. [col. Sax. kol. Germ.] 

1, The common foflll fewel. Denham, 

2, The cinder of burnt wood, charcoal. 


3, Any thing inflamed or ignited. Dryden. 
To COAL. -v. n. [from the noun.] 

1. To burn wood to charcoal. Caretv. 

2. To delineate with a coal. Camden, 
COAL-BLACK, a, [«a/and black.] Black 

in the higheft degree. Dryden. 

COAL-MINE. /. [coal and mine,'] A mine 

in which coals ate dug. Mortimer. 

COAL-PIT./. [homcoalznAplt,] A pit 

for digging coals. }J'''eodiL'ard. 

COAL STONE, f. A fort of cannel coal. 


COAL- WORK. /. A coalery ; a place 

where coals are found. Felten. 

COALERY. /, A place where coals are 

dug. JVoodtuard, 

To COALE'aCE. -v. v. [coa/efco, Lat.] 

I To unite in mafles. Newton. 

2. To grow together ; to join. 
COALE'SCENCE. /. Ifiom coalefcc] Con- 
cretion ; union. 
COALITION. /. [coalitum, Lat.] Union 

in tne mafs or body. Hale, Bentley, 

CO'ALY. a. Containing coal. Milton. 

COAi-'TA'TION. /. [«« and apto, Latin.] 

The adjuftment of parts to each other, 

Boyle. Broome. 
To COA'RCT. -u. a, [coar&o, Lat.] 

1. To ftraighten ; to confine. 

2. To contratt power. Ayliffe, 
COARCTATION./. [{<e>m coarB.] 

1. Confinement ; reftraiiit to a narrow 
fpace. Bacon, 

2. Contraflion of any fpace. Ray. 
. 3. Rertraint of liberty. Bramhall, 


I. Not refined. Shakefpeare, 

3. Not foft or fine. 

3. Rude ; uncivil. 

4. Grofs ; not delicate. Thomfon, 

5. Inelegant ; unpoliflied. Dryden. 

6. Unaccomplifhed by education. Arbuthn, 

7. Mean j nut nice j vile, Rojcommon , 

CO'ARSELY. ad. [from coa'je.] 

1. Without finenefs. 

2. Meanly ; not elegantly, Brotvn, 

3. Rudely ; not civilly. Dryden, 
4 Inelegantly, Dryden, 

COARSENESS, /. [from «jr/.] 

1. Impurity ; unrefined rtate. Bacon, 

2. Ruughnefi) i want of finenefs. 

3. Gioffnefs ; want of delicacy, 


4. Roughnefs ; rudenefs of manners, 


5. Meannefs j want of nicety. Addijon, 


c o c 

COAST. /. [cope, Fr.] 

1. The edge or margin of the land next 
the fea j the fhore. Diyden, 

2. Side. Neiuton. 

3. 7be Coast is dear. The danger is 
over. Sidney. Dryden. 

To COAST, -v. It. To fail clofe by the 
coaft. -Arbutbiiot. 

To COAST. V. a. To fail by. Addijon. 

COASTER. /. He that fails timoroufly 
near the fhore. Dryden. 

COAT./, [cotte, Fr.] 

1. The upper garment. Samuel. 

2. Petticoat ; the habit of a boy in his 
infancy j the lower part of a woman's 
crefs. Locke. 

3. Vefture, as demonftrativeof the office. 


4. The covering of any animaj. Mihon. 


5. Any tegument. Derbam. 

6. That on which the enfigns armorial 
are portrayed. Drydcn. 

To COAT. -v. a. To cover ; to invert. 

To COAX, "v, a. To wheedle ; to flatter. 
UEjhargc. Fatquhar. 

CO'AXER. /. [from the verb. J Awhcedlerj 
a flatterer. 

COB. /. The head or top. 

COB. /. A fort of fea-fowl. Philips. 

COBALT. /. A marcafite plentifully im- 
pregnated with arfenick. fFooritvard. 

To CO'BBLE. "v. a. [kobler, Dinift ] 

1. To mend any thing coarfely. Shakef^. 

2. To do or make any thing tlumfily. 

CO'BBLER. /. [from ccbMe.] 

I. A mender of old fhoe?. Addifon. 

z. A clumfy workman in general. Shji.-J'p, 

3. Any mean perfon. Di-ydcn. 
CO'BIRONS. /. Irons with a knob at the 

upper end. BacoK. 

COBI'SHOP. /■. A coadjutant bi/hop. 

CCBNUT. /■. [foi^ and waf . ] A boy's game. 
CO'BSWAN. /. [cob, head, and /wan. ] 

The head or leading fwan. Bei. Johnjon. 
CO'BWEB. /. [hpiub, Dutch.] 

1. The web or net ot a fpider. Spenfe'-. 

U Ejirar.^e. 

2. Any fnare or trap. 
COCCI'FEROUS. a. \ yo-^xl; and /Vro, ] 

Plants are fo called that have berrief. 

CO'CHINEAL. /. [cocbinilla, Span.] An 

infefl gathered upon the opuvtia, from 

which a red colour is extracled. Hill. 

CO'CHLEARY. a. [from cochha, Lat. a 

fcrew.] Screwform. Broivti. 

CO'CHLEATED. a. [from eochl'M, Lat.] 

Of a fcrewed or turbinated form, Wood'w. 
COCK. f. [cocc, Saxon.] 

1. The male to the hen. Drydcti. 

c o c 

2. The male of any fmail birds. Arbuthn, 

3. The weathercock, that fliews the di- 
redion of the wind. Skahejpeare. 

4. A fpout to let out water at will. Pope, 

5. The notch of an arrow. 

6. The part of the lock of a gun that 
ftrikes with the flint. Grenv, 

7. A conqueror j a leader. Sivift, 

8. Cockcrowing. Sbakefpepre. 

9. A cockboat J a fmaUhoit. Sbakrfpeare. 

10. A fmail heap of hay. [Properly cop.l 


11. The form of a hat. Addijon. 

12. The ftylc of a dial. Chambers. 

13. The needle of a balance. 

14. Cocli on the Hoop. Triumphant j ex- 
ulting. Camden. Hudtbras. 

To COCK, f . a. [from the noun, j 
I. To fee ered j to hold bolt upright. 

Z. To fet up the hat with an air of pe- 
tulance. Prior, 

3. To mould the form of the hat. 

4. To fix the cock of a gun for a difcharge. 


5. To raife hay in fmail heaps. Spenfer. 
To COCK. -v. n. - 

1. To ftrut ; to hold up the head. Addifon. 

2. To train or ufe fighting cocks. 

Ber:. Jobnfan. 

COCKA'DE. / [from cock.] A ribband 
worn in the hat. 

A COCKATRICE. / [cock and atteji, 
Saxon 5 a ferpent.J A ferpent fuppofed to 
rife from a cock's egg. Bacon. 

CO'CKBOAT. /. [ccck and boJt.'\ A fmall 
boat belonging to a fhip. Stillingfiiet, 

CO'CKBROA I H. /. Broath made by boil- 
ing a cock. Har-vey, 

COCKCRO'VVING. /. [cock and crow.] 
The time at which cocks crow. Mark. 

To CO'CKER. -v. a. [coqueliticr, Fr.J T» 
cade ; to fondlr. Locke. Szotft. 

COCKER. /. One who follows the fport 
of cockfighting. 

COCKEREL. /. [from cock.'\ A young 

crck. Drydcn. 

CO CKET. /. A ff al belonging to the king's 
cufti-m.'-ioure : likewife a fcroll cf parch- 
ment delivered by the ofricers of the cuf- 
tomhoufe to merchants, as a warrant that 
thear merchandize is entered. C'-'zveu 


CO'CKFIGHT. /. A match of cocks. 


CO'CKHORSE. [cockinAborfe.] On horfe- 
back ; triumphant. Prior. 

CO'CKLE. /. [coqudle, Fr.] A fmail tef- 
taceous fiih. Locke. 

CO'CKLE-STAIRS. /. Winding or fpiral 
Irairs. Chambers. 

CO'CKLE. /, [ corcel, Saxon. ] A weed 
that grows in corn j corn-role. 



ToCO'CKLE. -v. a. [from cockle.'] To 

(Mntrart irifo wnukles. dy. 

COCKLED, i. [iiora cockle. '\ Shelled, or 

turbinated, Huakeipeare. 

COCILOFT. /. [cock inA loft. ^ The room 

over the garret, Dryd^n. 

CO CKMASTER. /. One that breeds game 

cocks." ' VEjlrange. 

COCK-MATCH. /. Cockfight for a prize. 



1. A native of London. Dorjct. 

2, Any effeminate, low citizen, Sbak'ff'. 
CO'CK'elT. /. [cock and fit.] 

1. Tne area where Cbcks fight. Iloivel, 

2, A place on the lower deck of a man 
of »-Mr. liann. 

CO'CK-'SCOMB. r. A plant; lobftwort. 

CO'CK'SHEAD. /. A plant j fainfoin. 

CO'CK-SHUT. /. The clofe of the evening. 

CO'CKSPUR. /. Virginian hawthorn. A 
fpecies of medlar. 

COCKSURE, [i'lom cock snd Jure.] Con- 
fidently certain. Shakt'fpeare. Pope. 

CO'CKSWAIN. /. [co33rp^ine, Saxon.] 
The officer who has the command of the 
cockboat. Corruptly Co xon. 

CO'CKWEED. /, A plant, ditunder or 

CO'COA. /. IcJCJotal, Spanifli.] A fpecies 
of palm-tree. The bark of the nut is 
made into cordage, and the /liell 'into 
drinking bowls. The kernel i.f the nut 
affords a wholefome food, and the milk 
contained in the (hell a cooling liquor. 
The leaves of the trees are ufed for thatch- 
ing houfes. This tree flowers twice or 
three times in the year, and ripens as 
manyfenesof fruits." MiUsr. Hill. 

CO'CTILE. a. [coadii, Latin.] Made by 

CO'CTION. /. [ccftio, Lat.] The aft cf 
boiling. Jrbuikr.ot. 

COD. /. [cc'c't)?, S:ix.] Any cafe or hu/k 
in which feeds are lodged, • Mortimer. 

To COD, 1'. a. [from the noun.] To in- 
c'r.f" m a cod, Mai timer. 

qODDERS. /. [from ccd.] Gatherers of 

■ peafe, -C>y.7. 

CODE. /. [codex, Latin.] 
I- A book. 
2,. A book of the civil Ijw. 

CODICIL./, [codicil/us, Litin.j An ap- 
pendage to a will. "'' ''" 

CODl'LLE. /. [ccdiUe, Fr.] A term at 
ombre. ^'"Z'^- 

To CO'DLE. -v. a. [ciBuh, Lat] To par- 

CODLIKG. /. [ixam to (odle.] An ajiple codled. ^'■''^« 

C O E 

COETFICACV. /. [con and effic^ch. Lit.] 
The power of feveral things acling toge- 
ther. B^-civn. 

COEFfl'CIENCY. /. [con and efich, Lat.] 
Co-operation ; the ftate of ailing together 
to f !m<" fingl'; end. G an-vil e. 

COEFFI'CIENT, /. [an zni efficient ^ Lat.] 
That which unites it* aitun with the 
aftion of another. 

CO'ELIACK P.#o». A diairhaea or flux, 
that arifes Iium indigeftion, whereby the 
alir.ent comes .^vvay Jittle altered. 

COEMPTION. /. [coimptio, Lat.] The 
adt oi buying up the whole quantity of 
any thing. Bacon. 

COEQUAL, a. [fiom fo« and ryM.'/'j, Lat.] 
EqudJ. Shnkcjpeare. 

COEQUA'LITY. /. [from coequal.] The 
ftate of being equal. 

ToCOERCE. x-. a. [fo^wo, Latin.] To 
reftrain ; to keep in order by lore*, ^yliffe. 

COE'RCIBLE, a. [from coerce.'] 
I, That may be lertrained. 
2.. That ought to be reftrained. 

COERCION."/- [ffom cnrce.] Penal re- 
(haini ; check. HjU. Houtk. 

COE'RCIVE. a. [from (oerce.] 

1, That which has the power of laying 
reftraint, Blackntsre. 

2. That which has the authority of re- 
draining by punifiiment. Hooker. 

COESSE'NTIAL. a. [ccn ar'd eJ'entia,Ln.] 
Pai ticipating of the f^me effence. Hooker. 

COES.SENTLVLITY. /. [i^om ccejfential.] 
Participation of the fame effcnce. 

COETA'NEOUS. a. [con and at<sis, Lat.] 

Of the fame age with another. B'oion. 

GoverT.miKt of the Tongue. B ntlt/y, 

COETE'RNAL. a. \con and a^iernus, Lat.] 
Equally eternal with another. Milton. 

COETERNALLY. ad. [hQmcoetertial.]la 
a'ftate of equal eternity with another. 


COETE'RNITY. /. [itomcoeter,:al.] Hav- 
ing exiftence from eiernity equal with an- 
other eterfial bemg. Hammond. 

COE'VAL. a. [coa-vus, Latin.] Of the 
fame age. Prior. Bentley. 

COE'VAL,/. [from the adjc-aive.] A con- 
temporaiy. Pope. 

COE'VOUS. a. [ceavus, Latin.] Of the 
fame tg". South. 

To COEXIST, -v. n. [eon and fx-^, Lat.] 
To exi'l at the fan.e time. Male. 

COEXISTT^NCF. / [uom coex Ji ] Exif!- 
enceai the fame liinr with innotl^ei. Greiv, 

COEXISTENT. ". [fr'm coex J}.] Hav- 
ing exifiencc at the Ume tune with an- 
other. B'amka'l. Benlley, 

To COEXTE'ND. 'v. a. [un and extendo, 

Lat.] To extend to tlie fame fpace or 

duration with another. Greiv, 



COEXTE'NSION. /. [from csextenJ.] The 
ftate of extfinding to the fame fpace with 
amther. Hale, 

CO'FFEE. /. [Arabiclc] They have in 
Turky a drink called coffle, made of a 
berry of the fdme name, as black as foot, 
and of a ftrong fcent, which they take, 
beaten into powder, in water, hot. Bacon. 


COTFEEHOUSE. /. feoffee and houfe.] A 
houfe wliere coffee is fold. Prior, 

COFFEEMAN. /. One that keeps a cof- 
feehouie. Add Hon. 

CO'FFEEPOT. /. [cffte and pot.'] The 
covered pot in which C"f!l'e is boiled. 

CO FFER. /. [coppe, S^xon.] 

1. A chert generally for keeping money. 

iif>i:>ifer. L^EJirarge. 

2. Treafure. Bacon. 

3. [It fortification.] A hollow lodgment 
acrofs a dry moat. Chatnbers, 

To CO'FFER. V, a. To treafure np in 
cherts. Biicor. 

COFFERER of the King's EouJhrAd. f. A 
principal olTirer of his majerty's court, 
next under the comptroiier. Coivet. 

COFFIN. /. {cofn, French.] 

I. The chert in which dead bodies are put 
into the ground, Sid':ry. Swift, 

z- A mould of parte for a pje. 
3. Coffin of a horfe, is :he whole hoof 
of the foot above the coronet, including 
the coffin bone. Forricr^ Dill. 

To'CO'FFiN. -v. a. To inclofe in a-coffin. 


T.' COG. -z/ a. 

1. To flatter ; to wheedle. Shahfpeare. 

2. To obtiude l.v faifchood. "J'liiitfon. 

3. To Co(3 a die. To fecure it, fo as to 
direft its tail. Stviff. 

To COG. "v. n. To lye 3 to wheedle. 

COG. /. The tooth of a wheel, byWhich 

it a£ls upon another wheel. 
To COG. nj. a. To fix cogs in a wheel. 
CO'GEMCY. /. [from c^.gtnt.^ Force; 

rtreiig'h. l.ofke, 

CO'GENT. a. [cogun^, Latin.] Forcble, 

rertftlefs ; convincing, Bcniley. 

CO'GINTLY. ad. [from coger.t.'\ With 

rclifllefs force ; forciblv. Locke, 

CO'CGER. /, [frosi to'cog.] A flatterer ; 

a wheeojer. 
COGGlEaTONE. f, [cu^gdo, Ita!.] A 

little fto:,e. Skinnc). 

CO'GITABLE. a. [ from cogito, Latin. ] 

What may be the luljeft of thoughr. 
To CO'GITATE. -v, n. fcogito, Lat.] To 

COGITA'TION. /. [c^gitJtio, Lat.j 

I. Thought} the aft of thinking. Hooker. 

C O H 

2. Purpofe ; refleaion previous tn aaion* 


3. Meditation. iMiU'n 
CO'GITATIVE. a. [hom cogitn, Lat.]' ' 

1. Having the powsr of thougin. Bentiey, 

2. Given to meditatii:>n. JVotton. 
COGNA TION. /. .[cognatio, Lat.] 

1. PvmdrEd. Scutb^ 

2. Relation ; participation of the fame na- 
^)^'A'' Broion. 
COGNISE'E. /. [In lav,-.] He t. whom 

a fine in lands or tenements is acknow- 
^ ';^g-''' , Coivel. 

COGNISOUR. /. [Inlaw.] I^ he that 

paffcth or'acknowledgeth a fii.c. CoiveU 
COGNITION. /. [cognitio, Lat.] Know. 

ledge^; complete conviftion. Broivn, 

CO'GNITIVE. a. [from cognitus, Latin.] 

Having the power of knowing. South, 
CO'GNIZABLE. it. [cognoifablc, Fr.] 

1. That fails under judicial notice. 

2. Proper to be tried, judged, or examined. 


CO'GNIZANCE, /. [conroifance, Yu\ 
•I. Judicial notice 5 trial. South, 

2. A badge, by which any one is known. 

COGNO'MINAL. a. [cognomen, Lat,] Hav- 
ing tho fame name, Bronun 

COGNOMINATION. /. [cognomen, Lat.j 
I. A furname ; the name of a family, 
2- A name added from any accident or 
qu-^lify- Browc. 

COGNO'SCENCE./. [«^«5>,Lat.] Know. 

COGNO'SCIBLE. a. [cognofio, Lat.] That 
may be knoAn. ' //^/^ 

To COHA BIT. -v. n. [cchabito, Lat.] 
I. To dwell with another in the fame 
place. South, 

1, To live together as huftiand and wife. 

COHA'EITANT, /, .An inhabitant of the 
fame place. Decay of Piety, 

COF-IABix"A'TION, /, [from cohMt.'\ 
I. The fiate of inhabiting the fame place 
with another. 

a. Ths rtate of living together as married 
pei-fiDS. 'Litkr, 

COrre'IR. /. [coheres, Lar.] One of fe- 
veral among whom an inheritance is di- 
'^iJed. Tayfcr. 

COHE'IRESS, /, A woman who has an 
equal (hare of an inheritance.' 

To COHE'RE, -v. n. [coharco, Lat.] 

1. To rtic.k together. fV-^oatvird', 

2. Tj be well connefted, 

3 To fuit j to fit. Sbakef pears, 

A, To 3gr4e. 

c6-;t:rfnce. 7 . r , • r -i 

C''^' iLPENCV S •'* L'^''-"*"'''""''- Latin.] 
J. Th:c ftjte of bodi s in which their 
parts are joined together, fo that they re- 

C O I 

fift divnlfion and reparation. S^incy.Benfky. 

2. Connexion ; dependency j the relation 
of parts or things one to another. Hooker. 

3, The texture of a dilcourle. 

' 4. Confjftency in reafoning, or relating. 

COHE'RENT. a. [coharcm, Lat.] 

1. Sticking together. Arbuthnot. 

2. Suitable to Ibmething elle ; regularly 
• adapted. Shakefpcare, 

3. Confident ; not contradidory. il^'atts. 
COHE'SION. /. [from cohere.^ 

1. The aft of flicking together. Nc-.L-ton. 

2. The ftate of union. Black '.ore. 

3. Connexion 5 dependence. Loike. 
COHE'.-.IVE. a. [from cohere.] That has 

the power of flicking to another. 
COHE'SIVENESS. /. [from cohefi-ve.'] The 

quility of being cohefive. 
I To COHl'BIT. I', a. [c'Mbeo, Lat.] To 

retrain ; to hinder. 
To COHOBAIE. 'v. a. To pour the dif- 

tilled liquor upon the remaining matter, 

and diftill it again. Arbuthnot. 

COHOBA'TION. /. [from cohohate.] A 
■ returning any diililled liquor again upon 

what it was drawn from. Siuiniy. Crew. 
CO'HORT. /. S^cohon, Lat.] 

1. A troop of foldiers, containing about 
five hundred foot. Camden, 

2. A body of wauiours. Mutun. 
COHORTA TION. /. [cohortatlo, Latin. J 

COIF./, [co^/"^, French.] The head -drefs ; 

a cap. 


COIFED, a. [fromco//".] Wearing a coif. 
CO'IFFUR.E. /. [coeffure, Fr.] He.d drefs. 

COIGNE. f. [French.] A corner. 
To COIL. ■v. a, [cueiUir, Fi.] To g.nher 
into a narrow comp^fs, Boyie, 

COIL. /. {koherer, German.] 

1. Tumult; turmoil; buftle. Shakejpeare, 

2. A rope wound into a ring. 

COIN. /. [coigne, Fr.j A corner ; called 
often quoin. Sbakefpeare. 

COIN. /. [cuneus.] 

, 1. Money ftamped with a legal impreflion. 
Sidney. Pope. 
a. Payment of any kind. Hammond. 

To COIN. -v. a. [from the noun.] 
J. To mint or ftamp meials for money. 

Bent ley. 
2. To forge any thing in an ill fenfe. 

CO'IN AGE. /. [from «;«.] 

1. Theadlor pradice of coining money. 


2. Coin ; money. Brown. 

3. The charges of coining money. 

4 Forgery ; invention. Sbakefpeare. 

To COINCIDE, -v.n. {coir.cido, Lat.] 
X. To fall upon the fame point. Cbiya.', 


2. To concur. IVatts, 

COINCIDENCE, /. [from coincide.] 

1. The flate of fcveral bodies or lines, 
falling upon the fame point. BentJey, 

2. Concurrence ; tendency of things to 
the fame end. Hale. 

COI NCIDENT. a. [from coincide.] 

1. Falling upon the fame point. Netvton. 

2. Cjncurrent ; confident ; equivalent. 

South, Bentley. 
COINDICA'TION. /. [from con and indico, 

Lat.] Many fymptums betokening the 

fame caufe. 
CO'INER. /. [from coin.] 

1. A maker of money ; a mlnter. Sivift, 

2. A counterfeiter of the king's flamp. 

3. An inventor. Cuinden. 
To CC'JOIN. t'. n. {conjungo, Lat.] To 

join with another. Shakej'feare. 

CO ISTRIL. f. A coward hawk. Shakefp. 

COI*r. /. [kotc, a die, Dutch.] A thing 
thrown at a certain mark. Carcw, 

COI'TION. /. \_coitio, Latin.] 

I. Copulation; the adt of generation. 

Z. The 3(51 by which two bodies come to- 
gether. Broivn. 

COKE. /. fcojiio.] Fewel made by burn- 
ing pit-coal under earth, and quenching 
the cinder.i. 

COLANDER./, [colo, to ftrain, Lat.] A 
fieve through which a mixture is poured, 
and which retains the thicker parts. 

Mjy. Dryden. 

GOLA'TION, /. The art of filtering or 

CO'LATURE. /. [from colo, Lat.] 
1. The art of ftraining ; filtration. 
2 The matter ftrained. 

CO'LBERTINE. /. A kind of lace worn 
by women. Congre-ve. 

CO LCOTHAR. /, A term in chymiftry. 
The diy fubftance which remains after 
diftiilation. S^incy, 

COLD. a. [col•^, Saxon.] 

1. Not hot ; not warm. Arhuthnot. 

2. Chill ; having fenfe of cold. Sbakejp. 

3. Having cold qualities j not volatile. 


4. Unaffected ; frigid ; without paflicn. 

Afcharr.. Roive, 

5. Unaffeding ; unable to move the paf- 
lions. Addtjan, 

6. Refevved j coy ; not affedionate ; not 
cordial. Clarendov, 

7. Chafle. Shakefpenre. 

8. Not welcome. Sbakejpcare. 

9. Not hafty ; not violent, 

10. Not affeding the fcent flrongly. 


11. Not having the fcent flrongiy affeded. 


G G L 

Cold. /. [fmm the adieflivf.] 

X. The cauTc; of the fenfation vji'cold 5 the 
privition of Jieat. B.JCun. 

2. Tiie fenfatiun of cold j chiinefs. 


3. A difeafe caufed by cfld j the obllrufli- 
on of peifpiration. Sbiikefpeare., 

CO'LDLY. ad. [from cold. 

1. Without hfdt. 

2. Without concerri j indifferently ; ne- 
gligently. 6li.'!ft. 

CO'LDNESS. /. [from cold.] 

1. Want of heat. B'.yl\ 

2. Unconcern; frigidity of temper. 

Hock:!-. Jlr but knot, 

3 Coynefs ; want of kindnefs. 

Addijon. Priof. 

4 Chaftity. i'o/i^. 

COLE. /. I', S.ixon.] Cabbage. 

COLEWORT. /. [c-ppypr, Sax,] Cab- 
bage. Dryder.. 

CO'LICK. /. {co'Uut, Latin.] 

It ftridtly is a diforder of the colon ; but 
lopfeiy, ;iny diforder of the ftomach or 
bowels that is attended with pain. 

Slu:ncy. Arbuthnot. 

CO'LICK. a. Affeaing the bowels. 

> Milton. 

To COLLA'PSE. -y. «. {colLpfus, Lu.n] 
To clofe fo as that one lide touches the 
other. Aluibnot, 

COLLA'PSION. /. [from c'dljpfe.] 

1. The flare of vedels clofed. 

2. The aCt of clofing or collapfingi 
COLLAR. /. [coiare, Latin] 

. I. A ring of metal put round the neck. 


2. The harnefs faflened about thehorfc's 
neck. Shnke'p'jre. 

3. The part of the drefs that furrounds 
the neck, 

4. To Jl:/> th; Collar. To difentangle 
himfelf from any engagement or difficulty. 


5. y? Collar ofBraiun, is the quantify 
b*und up in one parcel. 

CO'LLAR BONE. /. [from aVar and hone.] 
The clavicle 3 the bones on each fide of the 
neck. Wiseman, 

To CO'LL.AR. -v. a [from the noun.] 

1. To fcize by the collar j to take by the 

2. Tij Q.(yLl..\^heef, or nther meat ; to 
roll it up, and bind it hard and dole Witli 
a ftfing or collar. 

ToCOLLA'TE. -v. a. [collatum, Latin.] 

1. To compare one thing of the fame kind 
with another. South. 

2. To collate books ; to examine if no- 
thing be wanting. 

3. To place in an ecclcfiaftial benefice. 


G O L 

COLLATERAL, a. [con and htus, Latm.] 

1. Side to (ide. ■ Mi.ton. 

2. Running parallel. 

3. DirFufcd on either fide. Milton. 

4. Thofe that ftand in equal relation to 
fome ancellor. Af.-.fje, 
5; Notditefl; mt\mTneAhie. Shak jpeare. 
6 Concurrenr. A:ierburY. 

COLLATERALLY, ad. [frotn colLterJ.-^ 

1. Side by fide. V/Uhm. 

2. Indireftlv. Dryd.n. 
3 It c oJLiteral relation. 

COLLATION. /. {coUatio, Litm.] 

1. The aft of conferring or bcftowing ; gift, 


2. Comparifon of one thing of the famfe 
k.nd, with another. Grew. 

3. In Law. epilation is the beflowJng of 
a benefice. Cov;el, 

4. A repafr. 

COLLATITIOUS. tf. [cdbtiihs, Lat.j 

D 'ne by 'he contribution of mariy. 
COLLATOR./, [from <:o7av.J 

1. One that compares copies, or manu- 
^^"■'P's- Add,Jo«. 

2. One who prefents to an ecclefiaftical 
benefice. ^j^ife. 

To COLLA'UD. -v. a. \_coUaudo, Lat.J To 
join in praifirg. DtSi, 

CO'LLEAGUt. /. [coUega, Lat.] A partner 
in olfire or employment. M'itcn. Stvift. 

To COLLEAGUE, -v. a. To u ite with. 

Si.ak fpearct 
To COLLE'CT. -v. a. [eolleSIum, Latin,] 

1. T.) gather together, ff^'attt. 

2. To draw many units, into one fum. 

3. To gain from obfervation. Shahfpeire, 

4. To infer 3 from premifes. 

DiCay of Piety, 

5. To Collect himfelf. T recover 
from furprife. Shakfpedre. Hayioard. 

CO'LLECT. /. [coll-{ia, low Lat.] A fhort 
comprehenfive prayer, ufed at the facra- 
ment ; any (hort prayer. Tayio^-. 

COLLECTA'NEOUS. ti. [colkHancus,hsu'\ 
Gathered up togtther, 

COLLECTIBLE, a. [from col.a.] That 
which may be gathered from the premifej, 

COLLECTION. /. [from cotha.] 

1. The adt of gathe-ing tcgether. 

2. The things gathered. Addfon, 

3. The aft of deducing confeqoences. 


4. A confeflary j deduced from prer.iifes. 

Hockr, Davies, 
COLLECTI'TIOUS. a. [colha-tius, Lat.j 

Gathered up, 
COLLE'CTIVE. a. [coUeRif, French.] 
I. Gathered into one mafs ; sccumula- 
tive. Haker. JVatts, 

V 3. Em- 



1. E;npIoyed in deducing confequences. CO'LLIQUANT. a. [from folllquate.J T!ia£ 

Broivn, which has the power of melting. 

3. Acolle^ive noun exprefles a multitude. To CO'LLIQUATE. -v. a. [cilljuo, Lat.] 

though itfelf be fingijlar ; as a compnny. To melt ; to diflbive. Boyle. Har-vey, 

COLLL'CTIVELY. aJ. [from colL-.'ii-ve.] COLLI^UA'TION. /. [coWquatio, Litin.] 

Ill a general mafs j in a body ; not fingly. The melting ot any thing whatfoever, lucli 

Hiile, a temperament or d:fpo(ition of the animal 

COLLE'CTOR. /. \coluB'.r, Latin.] fluids as proceeds from a \i\ compdge?, 

' I. Agatiierer. ^'ludifon, and whe:ein they flow of}' through the fe- 

2. A tax gatherer. Temple. cretcry glands. Bacon. 

COLLE'GATARY. ^ [from «;; and /.^j- COLLI'QyATlV E. a. [ from co// jMff . j 

turn a Icicy, Latin.] A perfon to whom Melting j diflLlvent, Har-vey, 

is left a legacy in common with one or COLLIQUEF.^'CTION. /. [ coUi-jwfaciOf 

niore. C'rjamL>i.rt. 

CO'lLEGE. /. [cclkgium, Latin.] 

1. A community. Diydcn. 
a. A foclity of men fet apart for learning 
or religion. Bscon, 

3. Thehoule in which the collegians re- 
fide. , 2 ^'"g'' 

4. A college in foreign univerfiiies is a 
ledure read in pnblick 

to a college. 

COLLE'GIAN. /. [from college.'] An in- 
habitant of a college. 

COLLE'GLA.TE. a. [collegiatus, low Lat.] 
J. Containing a college j inlfituted after 
the manner of a college. Hooker. 

2. A collegiate church, was fuch as was 
built at a difrance from the cathedral, 
wherein a number of prelbyters hved toge- 
ther. ^>''#- 

COLLE'GIATE./. [from college.'] A mem- 
ber of a college; an univerfity man. 


CO'LLET. /. [Fr. from coUum, Lat. the 
X. Something that went about the neck. 

Latin.] The a£t of melting tcgcther 

COLLI'.'ON. /. [colUfio, Lat.] 

1 . The aCl of Itriking two bodies together. 

2. The ftate of being ftruck together j a 
cliih. Denham. 

To CO'LLOCATE. v. a. [«//ocff, Latin.] 
To place ; to ftation. Bacon, 

[itom ccllege.] Relating COLLOCA'TION. /. [«//eM//o, Latin,] 

1. The aift of placing. 

2. The ftate of being placed. Bacon. 
COLLOCU'TION. /. [colUutie, Latin.] 

Conference ; converfation. 
To COLLO'GUE. -v. n. To wheedle ; to 

CO'LLOP. /. [from coal and <?;>, a ralher 

broiled upon the coals. 

1. A fmall flice of meat. King'' s Cookery. 

2. A piece of any animal. L' E/irange. 

3. A child. Sbakej'peare, 
CO'LLOCiUY. /. [colloquium, Latin.] Con- 
ference ; converfation j talk. 

Milton. Taylor, 
CO'LLOW. /. Black grime of coals. 

%- That part" of a ring in which the ftone COLLU'CTANCY. /. [colluBor ,\..iK.] Op- 
js fet. pofjnon of nature. 

T<> COLLI'DE. «. a. [ccllido, Lat.] To COLLUCTA'TION. /. [coUuBatio, Lat.] 
beat, to dafh, to knock togethei. Brotvn. C>m:elt j contrariety; oppofition. 


COLLIER. /. [from coal.] 

I. A dagger of coals. 

X. A dealer in coals. 

3. A fh'p that carries coals, 
CO-LIERY. /. [iromcolLer.] 

J. The place where coals are dug* 

%. The coal trade. 
CO'L-IFLOWER, /. [from c?pl, Sax. and 

fi'-.vier ] Cauliflower. 
COLLIGA'TION. /. [colhgatio, Lat^.] A 

b'lidiig together. 
COLL'.MA'IION. /. [from lollimo, Lat.] 

A:n I^'ii- 

COLLiNEA'TION. /. [cMineo, Lat,] The 

a£l ot aiming. 
CO'LLIQUABLE. a., [hom colli pate.} Ea- 

fily dilToJ.Ld. _ Har-vey. 


To COLLUDE, -v. n. [colludo, Lat.] To 
confpire m a fraud. 

COLLU'SION. [colhfio, Latin.] A deceit- 
ful agreement or compaft between two or 
more. C.ivel. Siuift. 

COLLUSIVE, a. [from collude.] Fraudu- 
lently concerted. 

COLLU'SIVELY. ad. [from collufi-ve.] In 
a manner fraudulently concerted. 
Brozvn. COLLU'SORY. a. [col.'uJo, Lat.] Carry- 

in? on a fraud by lecret concert. 

CO'LLY. /. [from coal.] The fmut of 

coal. Burton. 

Tt) CO'LLY. -v. a. To grime with coal. Soak, 

COLLVRIUM. [Latin.] An ointment for 

the eyes, 

eOLLIQUAMENT. /. [iiom colUquate'.] CO'LM.^R. f. [Fn] A fort of Pear. 

The fubftance to which any thing 'is re- CO'LOGN Earth, f. A deep brown, very 

Jnced by being melted. light baftard ochre. H'lli. 

' CO'LON. 


CO'LON. /. [k^Xov.] 

1. A poiirf [:] ufeJ to mark s paufe grestf r 
than that of a comma, and Jefs than that 
cf a period. 

2. The greateft and wideft of all the in- 
teftiiies, about eight or nine hands breaJth 
Inng. Sli,incy. Sicift. Floyer. 

CO'LONEL. /. The chi.f commander of a 
regiment, Generjlly founded coPncl. 


CO'I.ONELSHIP. /. [from (oloneL] The 
office or char^dter of colonel. Sivift. 

To COLONISE. ■I', a. [from«/sw)'.] To 
pijnt with inhabitants. Hoivel. 

COLON NA'DE. /. [from cokma, Ira).] 
1. A perirtyJe of a circular figure, or a fe- 
ries of columns, difpofed in a circle. 

7,. Any feries or ranse of pillars. Pcpe. 

CO'LON Y. /. [cc/oma, Latin,] 

1. A body of people drawn from the mo- 
ther-country to inhabit fome diftant place. 

2. The country planted ; a plantation. 


COlOPHONY. /. [from Cohphov, a city 
whence it came.] Rofin. Boyle. Flcyer, 

COLOQUI'NTLDA. /. [cohcynthis, Lat.] 
The fruit of a phnt of the fame name, 
called bitter apple. It is a violent purga- 
tive. Chambers. 

CO'LORATE. a. [coloraius, Latin,] Co- 
loured j died, Ray, 

COLOR A'TION. /. [«Vo,LatIn.] 
I. The art or praftice of colouring. 
Z. The ftue of being coloured. Bacon. 

COLORITICK. a, [, Latin.] That 
the power of producing colours, Nctvt, 



COi^O'SsE. 7 /. [aloj/'us, Latin.] A (la 
^ tuecfe: 

enormous magnitude, 

COLOSSE'AN. a. [colffeus, Lat.] Giantlike. 
CO'LOUR, /. [«/./•, Latin.] 

I. Tiie appearance of bodies to the eye; 
hue ; die. N^i-Jton. 

a. 'I'he apcearar.ce of blood in the face. 

3. The tint of the painter. Pope, 

4. The reprefentatiOn of any thing Aiper- 
ficially examined. S-iVift. 

5. Concealment ; pilliation, K. Chji la. 

6. Appear nice J falfe fhew. KnoHa. 

7. Kind i fpecies j charafler. Shakrfpeare. 

8. In the plural, a'Handard j an enfign of 
war. Kr.clks. 

To CO'LOUR. "v. a. [rohrg, Lntin.] 
I, To mark with fome hue, or die. 

a. To palliate ; to excufe. Raleigh. 

3. T'J make plaufible. Addijun. 

To CO'LOUR. -v. n. To bluCn, 
CO'LOURABLE. a. [from cohur.'\ Speci- 

pvis j plaufible. ipitijer. Masker, iirisiff. 


CO'LOURACLY. ad. [ {,om ahuralk.] 
Speci aifly ; plaufibly. , Bjcon. 

CO'LOURLD. part. a. Streaked ; diverfificd 
with hues. Bacon. 

CO'LOURINC. /. The part of the paint- 
er's art that teaches to lay on his colours. 


CO'LOUR 1ST, /. [hom colour.-^ A painter 
who excels in giving the proper colours to 
his defigns. Drydin, 

CO'LOURLESS. a. [from «/o«r.] VV.thout 
colour ; tranfparent. Nm-ion. Bcntiy. 

COLT./, (colt, Saxon.] 

1. Ayounghjrfe, ' Toyhr. 

2, A young fool. fh fellow, Shakefpeare, 
To COLT. -v. n. To fn/k ; to frohck.^r/fr. 
To COLT. -v. a. To befool, ibah'pearc, 
COLTSFOOT./, [from cc/f and /w.j A 


I, An imperfe£l tooth in young horfes. 

a, A love of youthful pleafure. Sbuki^p, 
CCVLTER. / [cultop, Sax.] The fliarp 

iron of a plough. 
CO'LTISH. a. [from r-/r.] Wanton. 
COLU'SRIXE, a. alubnnus, Latin.] 

1, Relating to a ferpent. 

2. Cunning ; crafty. 
COLU'MBARY. / '[alumbarium, Lat.] A 

dovec't ; a piee jnhoufe. Brcnvn. 

CO'LUMBfNE./ [cjhmbina, Lat.]. A phnt 

with leaves like the meadow-me. Tvlillcr. 
COLUMBINE. /. S^uluKhir^uz, Lat.] A 

kind of violet colour. Z)/5. 

CO'lUMN. / \columna.'\ 

1. A round pillar. Peacham. 

2. Any body prtfling vertically upon its 
bafe. BentUy, 

3. The Jong file or row of troops. 

4. Haifa page, v.hen divided into two equal 
parts by a Jne paffing through the middle. 

COLU'MNAR. ? «• [ fj-om coLmn. ] 

COLUMNA'RLAN, ^ Formed in columns. 


COLU'RES. /. {c'Auri, Latin ; yi,\c,v^oi.'\ 

Two great circl-rs fuppofcd to pafs through 

the poles ct the world : one through the 

equinoflial points Aries and Libra ; the 

other through the follJitial points. Cancer 

and Capricorn, They divide the ecliptick 

into four equal parts, Harris, Milt'.n, 

COMA. / [-x'Oj'vta.] A morbid difpofition 

to fle^p." 
COMATE. /. \_con and tnate.'\ Companion. 
S bake [pear e, 
COMATO'SE. a. [from coma,] Lethargick, 

COMB, and Comp, Names, /ituaticn. 

COrvIB. /. [ramb, Saxon.] 

1. An inftrument to feparate nnd adjuft 
the hair. Nacron, 

2, The t?p orcreft of a cock, Dryden, 

Y a 3. Tfls 

G O M 

3. Tha cavities in which the bees li'c'ge 
their honey. Drycitn. 

To COMB. -^. a. [f om the noun.] 

1. To divide-, and arijuft the hair. 

S'akifpeare. Sii-ift. 

a. To lay 3r)y thing conrnl:i.g ot filaments 

fm.itih j as, to comb ivccl 
COMB BRUSH, /. Icomb and brufc.'^ A 

biiiih r.i ciean combs. 
COMB- MAKER. /. One whofe trade is to 

make coijibs. Murtirtier. 

To-.6'MBAT. -v. 71. [combattre, Fr.] To 

fight. iihakefpeare. 

ToC'iiV'pAT. "W a. To oppofe. Grar.-v ih^ 
CO'MSA 1 . /. Cnteft 5 oaule 5 dud. 

D yden. 
CO'MBATANT. / [ambattaTit, Fre-'ch.] 

I He that fights with an^^her j anrgo- 

nift. Ml. ion. 

2. A champion. 
CG'MBER. /. f from cctr.b. ] He A>.fe 

trade is to diTen^angle woo], and lay it 

fmonth for the ''p'hDcr, 
CO'MBfNATE. a. [from cowbir.-.] Ee, 

throihed ; pronr.ifetl. Siak. (p'-aie, 

COMBINA'TION. /. [from eotnhine.'] 

1. Uninn for fume certain purpof? ; alToria- 

tion 5 Jeague. Shakejji\iri . 

a pnion of bodies ; comnvxture ; c n 

junction. Boyle. Sjutb. 

3. Ccpulatioii rf ideas. Locke. 

4. Combination is ufed in mathenia- 
ticks, to denote the v3rijtii>n or alterani n 
of any rjumoer of quantites, irtters, 
founds, or 'he like, in all the difTerent 
manners poITibl^. 

To COMBINE, -v. a. \ , Fr.] 

1. To join together. M:hon. 

2. To link in union. SLakeffjeare. 

3. To.jgr. ej to accord. Sbahfpearc. 
4 To join together j oppofed to anolyfe. 

ToCOMBFNE, -v. v.. 

1. To coaielce ; to unite each with other. 


2. To unite in friend/hip or dcfipn. 

CO'MRLESS. a. [from a^mh.] Wanting a 

comb or crell. Sb.uejf^iirc-. 

CO.MBU'ST. d. [combujfr.m, Latin.) A 

phner not above eight d.grees and a h If 

fri>m the Tun, IS faid to be combuji. 
COMBP'.sTIBLE! a. [combujium, Lat.] S.if- 

c,p' ible 1 t fire. South. 

COMBU'STIBLENESS. /. Aptntfs to take 


I Coifl^gration ; bu.ning; confumption 

by fire. Burnet, 

2. Tun ult 5 hiirrv ; hubbub. 

Ijoker. Raleigh. Jddifon. 
To COME. "v.n. piet. fdwj^, pjrticip. MOTf, 

[comaji, Saxon j kcmen, Dut.] 

C O M 

1. To remove from a diftant to a nearef 
place. Oppofed to ^0. Knoi'/eS'. 

2. To draw near j to advance t«wards.i"ia. 

3. ip move in any manaer towards ano- 
ther. Locke. 

4. To proceed : to idue. 2 Sam. 

5. Ti) advance from one ftage to another. 

K'.cUts. Dry den. 

6. To change condition either for better 
or worfe. Sivift. 

7. To attain any condition, B;n jfohnfon, 

8. To become. Shakejfeare,. 

9. To arrive at fome aft or habit. Locke, 
JO. To change from one (late into another 
dffirerl. , Bacon. Hudlbras, 

11, To becoirje prefcnt, ar.d no longer fu- 
ture. Dyden. 

12, To become prefent 5 no longer abfent, 


13. To haiipen j to fall out. Sbakeffieare. 

14. To follow as a cfui'.eouence. Shakiip, 
I ;. To ceafe very lately trom fome aft of 
ftate. • 2 Sam, 
^6 To Co. ME about. J'o come to pafs j 
to fail cut. i/jakefprire. 
17. To Come about. To change; to 
come : und. Ben. yobnfcK, 
i3. To Come again. To return. Judges. 

19. ToCoMzat. To reach j to obtain j 
to gain. Suckling. 

20. To Come by. To obtain ; to gain j 
to acq u re. . Hock-r. Stillin^Jieet. 

21. To Con's, in. To enieA Locke. 

22. To CoMz in. To comply ; to yield. 

23. To Come ;«. To bevc;iie modi/h. 


24. To Come in. To be an ingredient} 
to make part • f a compofion. Atterhuryi^, 
25 To Come in for. To be early enough 
to obtain. Collier. 

26. To Come in to. To join with ; to 
bring help. Bacon, 

27. To Come in to. To comply with; 
to agree to. Aiterbury, 

28. To Come «'flr. To approach in '■x- 
cellence. Ben. 'Joknj'jn, 
29- To Come cf. To proceed ; as a de- 
fccndant from anceftors. Dryden, 

30. To Co. ME of. To proceed ; as efi-'ed^s 
trorw their caulrs." Locke. 

31. To Com & off. To deviate j to de- 
part from a rule. Bacon. 

32. To Come off. To efcape. 

Mlltor. South, 

33. To Come off. To end an atlair. 


34. To Cp.M E off from. To leave ; to for- 
bear. Feitor., 

35. To Come zn, Toadvancc; to make 
progrefs. Bacon. Knolles. 

36. To Come «n. To advance to conibat. 

37- Ta 


27. To Come en. To thrive ; to grow 
big. Bacon. 

3". To Come ever. To repeat an -\Q. 

Shak fyeare, 

39. ToCjme oz-er. To revolt. Aldijon. 

40. To Come cjir. To ni'c in di;>ii!a- 
tion. Boyh. 

41. To Come out. To be' puSlick. 


42. To Come car. To appear upon tiiil ; 
to be difcovsred. ^riuthmt, 

43. 'J'r? Come out ivitb. To give a vent to. 

44. To Come to. To confent or vie'.d. 

4^. To Come to. To amnunt tn. 

KnniLi. Locke. 

46. To Come to himjflf. Tu recc ver his 
fenl'es. Ttinple. 

47. To Come to fafs. To be eftertfd ; 
to fall nut. H'oker. BojU. 

48. To Come tip. To grow out of tlie 
ground. BJcon. Terrp'.e. 

49. To Come up. To nuks appearance. 

50. To Come ub. To come into ufe. 

51. To Co WE. up to. To amount X.i. 


52. To Come up to. To rife to. I'Kike. 

53. To Co f.iE up nvith. To overtake. 
£14. To Come «po». To invade; to 
attack. South. 

COME. Be ; m^ke no delay. Ger.fis. 

COIWE. A particfe of reconcili;it;on. 
Come, come, at ail I laugh he laughs no d .ubt. 


To COME. In futurity ; not prefent. 

Bacoi', Locke,* 

COME. /. [from the verb.] A fpr ut : a 
cant term. Mortimer, 

COMEDIAN. /. [from comedy.} 

I. A plater or acti r of coiTiick psrts. 
2- A plnyer in general j an acrref? or 
aft' r. Qtimdeii. 

3. A v^'riter of comedies., 

CO'MEDV. /". \_ccmedia, Lat.] A drama- 
tick rcpieientation of the lighter faults of 
mankind. Bope. 

CO'MiiLINESS. /. [from cowf/j^.J Grace j 
b~)ii:y , dignity. Sidney. F^ny. Prior, 

CO'MF.LY. 1. [from hecome.'\ 

1. Graceful; decent. South, 

2. Decent ; according to propriety. 


CO'MELY. ad. [from the adjeftive.] Hand- 

f'-melv ; gracefully. Ajcham, 

COMER./. [from«MY.] One that comes. 

Bacon. Licke, 

CO'MET. f. [cotr.eta, L^itin, a hairy ttar.] 

A heavenly bi-ay in the planetary reg'on 

appearing furfdenly, and ag^in dilappearing. 

Q.inets, pt-pulariy called blazing ftars, are 

diiiinguiihcd frcm other ftars by a Jong 



train or tail of light, always ( ppofite to the 

fun. Crdjljli'M, 

CO'METARY. 7 a. [fiom comet. \ Ke.^c- 
COMr.'TIOK. 5 ing to a comet.] Ch<-yr,e, 
CO'MFIT. /; [from con feci,'] Hudibrai. 
Tc CO MFIT. -v. a. To preferve dry with 
fufrir. - Coivi.'y, 

CO'MFirURE./. [from com^i.'] Sweet- 
meat. D'.nnc. 
ToCO'iMFOXT. -v. a. fc^/or/o/Latin.] 

1, To flrengthen ; to enliven ; to invigo- 
rate. Bacon, 

2. To confole ; to ftiengthe.T the mind 
under cabniity. Jol, 

CO'MFORT. /. [from the verb.] 

J. Support; aliiliance ; countenance. Ba, 

2. ConioUtiun ; fupport under cilamicy. 


3. That which gives confolation or fupp'ort. 

COMFORTABLE, a, [i'<om co,,./}./,.] 
I. Receiving comfort ; fufteptibic of com- 
fort. South. 
Z. Difpenfing comfort. Dryden. 
CO'MtORTABLY. ad. [from comfort jb/e.] 
Witn ccmfi rt ; without d^ipair. Hanimond, 
C0'.VIF0RTE:<.. /. [tVom ccn:fort.\ 

1. O'le that admmilters confolation in mis- 
fortunes. Shakefpcare, 

2. The title of the Third Perfon of ths 
Holy Tr.nitv ; the Paraclete. 

CO'M'FORTLE.SS. a. { from c-j^nfon. ] 

vVirhout co.nfort. Sdney. Stvift, 

CO'MFREY. /. [iom/w, French.] A pi/nt. 

CCMIC-^L. a. [c'.micus, Latin.] 

1. Railing miith ; merry ; diverting. 


2. Relating to crmedy ; befitting cimL-dy. 

CO 'MIC ALLY. r,d. [from co^nical.] 

1. In fuch a manner as raifes rnirch. 

2. In a manner befitting comedy. 

CO MICALNESS. /. [from corneal ] The 

quality of being lomical, 
CO'MICK. a. [comic::!, Lat. comique, Fr.] 

I. Relating to comedy. Rofcommon. 

1. mirth. Shakcjp,are. 

CO'MJNG. /. [from To «»ie.] 

I. Tiic adt of coming ; approach. Milton. 

■z. State of being come ; arrival. Locki. 
COMIKGIN /. Revenue ; income. Shak, 
CO MING, ^arti, a, [fiom fom*.] 

1. Fond J forward ; ready to c ime. 

Shakifpea-e. Pop:. 

2. Future ; to come. Rojicnimon. 
COMI'TIAL a, [comitia, Lat.] Relating 

to the aiTembiies of the people. 
CO'.VIITY. /. [comitas, Litin.] Courtefy ; 

CO'M.V'A. /. [y.\u/^a,] The piint V kich 

notes the diftinttion of claufcs, ma-ked 

tliu5 [,j. Pofi- 


C O M 

To COMMAND. i'- a. [ccirmanjcr, Fr.J 

1, To govern J to give orders lo, 

D cay of Piety. 

2, To order ; to direft lo be done. 


3. To ha"p in power. , Gay. 

4. To overlook ; to have fofubjeft as that 
it m.^y he ken or amoyed. Milton. 

ToCOMMA'ND. -v. n. To have the fu- 
prcme airh. nty, Houtb, 

COMM-.'ND ( [from the verb.] 

I. 'J'he rt'.h: of commanding; p"wer ; 
fuprtme suth'vity. H'aHcr. 

a. Cogent authority ; dsfpotifm. Locke, 
'.. The aft of commanding ; order. 
^ Taylor. 

4. Th? power of overlooking. Dryden, 
COMMANDER. /. [ffm command.] 

I. He th»t has the fupreme authority ; a 

cyjief. Clarendon. 

2 A paving beetle, or a very great wooden 

mi,!lei. " Moxon.' 

COM.VIA'NOERY. /. [fronn command.] 

A body of the itmgius of Malta, belonging 

to ihe fame na'ion. 
CO!V!MA'NDMi.NT. /. [ cowmandcwent , 


I. Mindate: command ; order; precept. 

% Authority; coadive power. 

Sh rkejpeare, 

5. By way of eminence, the precep's of the 
oecaiogue given by God to Mofe^. Exodus. 

Q0Mr4ANDK.ESS. /. A woman vefted 

\V:'h fupreme authority. Hooker. Fairfax. 
COrlMA TE'RIAL. a. [from con and ma- 

t:ria.] Cmfifting of the fame raattei with 

another thing. Bacon. 

COMMATFRIA'LITY. /. Refemblance 

to f-meth,nf in its matter. 
COME^-INE. /. [^commelina, Latin.] A 

COM'vlE'MORABLE. a. [from comnemo- 

taie.'\ Deferviiig to be mentioned with 

To COMMEMORATE, v. a. [conandme- 

m'.To, Latin, j To preferve the memory 

bvf mepublicka'^. Fiddes. 

COMMEMORA'TION. [. [from commemo, 

rate.] An a£t of ^publick celebration. 

COMMEMORATIVE, a. [from commemo- 
rate] Tending to preferve meinnry of 
any thing. AiUrbuy. 

ToCOMME'NCE, -v.n, [commencer, Fr.] 

1. To begin ; to take beginning. Ko^^ers. 

2. Totak'- a new charader. fope. 
To COMME'NCE. 1'. a. To begin ; to 

nuke a beginning of ; as to commence a 

COMME'NCEMENT. /. [from commence.] 
BeginQi.-.6 i tl»tc. IVoodward. 


To COMMEND, -t/. a. [ccmnu-ifdo. Litin.] 

1. To reprcfent as worthy of notice ; to 
recommend. Knollcs, 

2. To deliver up with confidence. Luke, 

3. To mention with approbaliLn. Ciivlcy. 

4. T'> recommend to remembrincc. Sbak. 
COMME'ND. Commendation. Shak.fpeare. 
COMME'NDABlE. a. [from conir„e»id.] 

LaU'idhle ; worthy of praife. Bacon. 

COMME'NDABLY. ad. [from comnunda. 
lie.] Laudably ; in a manner wi)rihy of 
cori.mendation, Careii', 

COMMEND AM. [cowmenda, Iov^' L.Jtin.] 
C'jmmendam is a benefice, which being red, 
is commended to the charge of fome fuffi- 
cient clerk to be fupplied. Convel. Ciarend'jti, 

COMME'NDATARY. /. [ from commen- 
dam.] One who holds a living in com- 

COMMENDA'TION. /. [from commend.] 

1. Recommend:'.tion J favourable repre- 
fentation. Bacon. 

2. Pr.ife ; declaration of efteem. Dryden, 

3. MelTjce of love. Shak-fpeare. 
CO.VIME NDATORY, a. [from cmm.nd.] 

FHVouiably reprclerHative j containing 

praifr. Pof'e. 

COMME'NDER./. [from commend.] Praifer. 

COMMENSA'LITY. / [from commerfa/is, 
L r ] Fe.lowibip of table. Brown. 

COMMENSURABI'LITY. / [from com- 
mei-.Jurahle.] Capdtity of being compared 
with another, as to ih- iiiealure j or of be- 
ing m'-afored by ano'her. Brotvn, 
COMME'NSURAELE. a [con and menfura, 
Lat.] Reducible to furne comnno i mea- 
fure ; as a yard and a foot are meafured by 
an inch. 
mtnjurahle.] Cumii.enfurability ; propor- 
tion. Hale. 
To COMME'NSURATE. -v. a. [con and 
mni'^wa, Lat.] To reduce to fome com- 
mon mcafure, Bro-wn, 
COMME'NSURATE. a. [from the verb.] 
I. Reducible to fome common meafure. 

Go'vei r.v'.'nt of the Tongue, 
%. Equal ; proportion.ib!c to each other. 

ClanviUe. Bentley, 

COMME'NSURATELY. ad. [from c;m- 

menjurate.] With the capacity of mea- 

furing, or being mealuied by fome uther 

thmK. Holder, 

COMMENSURA'TION. /. [from commen. 

(urju ] Reduftion of fome thing' to (ma 

cvmrri'iri meaTuie. Bacon, South. 

To COMMENT, -u.n. [^wwcjror, Latin. j 

To .innotats ; to wiite notes ; to expound, 


COMMENT. Annotations en an author j 

notes j expuCtion. Hammond. 


C O M 

COMMENTARY. /. [Mmmcntarius, Lat.] 

1. An cxpolition J annotation; remirk, 

' Kii'g Char/cs, 

2. Narrative in familiar manner, ylddifoa. 
COMMENTATOR./, [from comment.] 

Expofitur ; annutaior. Drydcn, 

COMME'NTER. /. [iiom commer.t.] An 
explainer ; an annotator. Dcnr.e, 

COMMENTl'TIOUS. a. [ commentit,i,$, 
Lat.J Invented ; imaginary. Chn-viUe. 

CO'MMERCE, /. [commeraum, Lat.] Ex- 
change of one thing tor another ; trade j 
trsffick. Hock!r. 'Tili'ofjon, 

To COMME'RCE. v. n. To hold inter- 
co'url;'. Milton. 

CGM.VIERCIAL. a. [from ccmmerce.'\ Re- 
lating to commerce or traffick. 

CO MMERE'. f. A common mother, 


To CO'MMIGRATE. v. n. [con ^nimigro, 
Latin, j To remove by conlcnt, fiom one 
c untry to another. 

COMMIGP-A'TION. /. [from commlgrate.] 
A removjl of a people trom one country 
to another. f'l^ood'na'-d. 

COMMINATIOM. /. [comminat'io, Lat.] 
I. A threat 5 a denunciation of punilh- 
ment. D. ciy of Piety. 

Z. The recital of God's threatenmgs on 
i^ated davs. 

COMMrNATORY. a. [from corrmination.'] 
Denuncia'ory ; threatening. 

To COMMI'nGLE. v. a. [commifceo, La:.] 

To mix into one mafs j to mix ; to blend. 


To COMMINGLE, -v. rt. To unite with 
anDther thing. £jcon. 

COMMI'NUIBLS. a. [from commi>ute ] 
Frangibl'^ ; reducible to powder. Brotw-e, 

To COMMINU'TE. -v. a. [ccmminwj, Lat.] 
To grmd ; 'o pnlverife. Bacon. 

COMMINU'TION. /. [from comminute J 
The ad: of gi inding into fmall parts ; pul- 
verifation. B'rauy. 

COMMI'SERABLE. a. [from commijWate.] 
Worthy of c..mpafli-nj pitiable, Bacon, 

To COMMI'SERATE. -u. a. [con and mi- 

Jereorj Lat.] To pity ; to compaffionate. 


COMMISERA'TION./. [hom commiferat-.] 
Pity ; compaflion j tendernefs. Hooker. 


CO'MMISSARY./. [commijfariut, low Lat.] 
I, An officer made occaiionally j a dele- 
gate J a deputy, 

a - Such as exerclfe fpiritual jtirifdi^ion 
111 places of the dioccfe, far diltant from 
the chief city. C'^tcf/. 

3, An ofScer who draws up lifls of an 
army, and regulates the procuration of 
provifion. Prior, 

CO'MMISSARISHIP,/. The efEce of a 
coramiffary, ^y"£^^> 


COMMI'SSION. /. [comw'Jfv^ l,>w tv.] 
I. The ait of entrufting any thin^. 
7.. A truft 5 a warrant by which any truft 
is held. C-Jiue!. Shake ifxare. 

3. A warrant by w.hich a military oiSc-r 
is conftituied, Kr.olC "p;. 

4. Charge ; mandate ; office. Mtncn. 

5. Aft of com.mitting a Sins cf 
cominjfion are diilingUiihed from fins of' 
om.fiion. SoutL\ 

6. A number of people joined in a truti 
or ofHce, 

7. The (fate of that which is intruded to 
a number of joint (.fficers ; as the broad 
feal ivas put into commijjiun. 

8. The order by which a faiflor trades for 
another pet fon. 

To COMMI'S ION, V. a. To empower; 
to apooint. DfO'v 

To CO.VLVirSSIONATE. -v. a. To' em- 
pnw.^r. Decay cf Pi.ty, 

COMMI'SSIONER. /. One included in 3 
, warrant of authority. Ctjrendon 

COMMl'SoURE, /. [comn:ifura, Latin.] 
J.'int j a t-lace where one p^it is joined to 
another. . IVotlon, 

To COMMI'T. V. a; [commlito, Latin.] 

1 . To infruil 5 to give in truft. Shikefpcare, 

2. To put in any place to be kept fate, 


3. To fend to prifon ; to imprifon- 

a.- To perpetrate ; to do a fault. Clarendon. 
COM.Vll'TMEXT. /. [from commit] 

1. Adt of lendifig to priLn. Clartndon. 

2. An order fur fending to prifon. 
COMMITTEE./, [from «»;«;>.] Thcfe 

to whom the conlideration or ordering ol; 
any matter is referred, either by fome 
court to whom it belongs, or by coo'eri; 
of parries. Cozvel. C arendor, ff''a,'t:n, 

COMMI'ITER, / [from ccwOT.-f.] Per- 
petraror ; he that commits. South, 

COMMI'TTIBLE. ad. [from, commit.] Li- 
able to be committed. Broivn, 

TiCOMMI'X. -v. a. Icotnmijcco, Lar.] To 
nurigle ; to blend. Newton. 

COMMI'XION. / [from ctimm'x.] Mix- 
ture ; incornor'srion. • Shak'fpenre. 

COMMrXTl'ON. /. [from ccmrf.,.-c.] Mix- 
ture ; incorporation. Brotun. 

COAIMIXTURE. / [from ccmmix.] 

1. Tlie aifl of mingling ; the ftate of be- 
ing mingled. B<icon. 

2. The mafs formed by ming^iing different 
thifgs ; compound. Bacon ffcttot. 

COMMO'DE. /. [French ] Tht head-dufs 

of women. Grari'ille. 

COMMO'DIOUS. a. [commodus, Latin.] 

I. Convenient ; fuicable ^ accommod.^te. 


z. Uitful ; fuitei to wants or neceffities. 



C O M 

♦•"OMMO'DIOUSLY. ad. [from commdious-l 

1. Convemeiitly. CoicUy, 

2. Withaut diftrefs. Mtlton. 

3. Suitably to a certain purpofe. Honker, 
COMMO'DIOUjNESS. /. [tr..m eommodi- 

««j. j Convenience; advantage, 'lewple. 
CO'iVilViODITY. /. Uommoditus, Lit.] 
I. Intercft ; advant.igej profit. Hooker. 
7.. Convemencp of time or pjace. 

Ben. Jobr.Joij, 

3. Wares ; merchandife. Locke. 
COMMODO'RE. /. [corrupted from the 

Spa.-iifh comtiidador.'j The captain who 
c.iir.niands i fqaadr> n or 
CO'MMON. /. Ycsmmunis, Latin.] 

I. BiiiOngiiig equally to more than one, 

1. Having no pi.ficlTor or owner. Locke. 
g. Vulgar j meaj) 5 ealy to be had ; not 
fca.ce. Duines. 

4. Publick ; general. Wukon. Addtjon. 

5. Mean ; without birth or defcent. 

^/'^ ler. 

6. Frequent ; ufua! ; ordinary. Ecclns. 


7. Pr^ftitute. Spedr.'.or. 

8. Such veibs as fignify both adtion and 
iDafTion are callc:d cot>i>uon 5 as al'pcrr.or^ I 
d'fpif", or '^'f' diff-i^id ; and fuch nouns as 
arc b ith niaftuhne ond feminine, zs parens. 

CO'MMON. /. An open ground equally 
uf»d ny many perfons. South. 

CO'MMON. ud. [from the adjeftive.] Com- 
monly ; ordinjnly. 6bakjpfare, 


I. Equally to be participated by a certain 

number. Lai;:. 

■z- Equally with another ; indifc-iminatcly. 


To CO'MMON. -y. n. [fiom the noun.] 
Tj have a jomt sight with in fime 
c( mn. n ground. 

CO'WMON LAW. Cufloms which have 
bv 1' ng preicnption obtained the force of 
Jaws ; difting'iiihcd from the ftatute jaw, 
wh'icn owes us authority to adls ot parlia- 

CO'MMON PLEAS. The king's court now 
ii»lj m Wtlirrinftcr-hjil j but anciently 
moveable. AlJ civil caufes, boih rea! and 
perfonaJ, arc, or v.feri' formerly, tried \n 
this court, according to the ftntl laws of 
the realm. Co':i'e/. 

C0'MM6N--.ELE. <;. [from«?»//2;n.j What 
is f:i ..<• common. Bcicon. 

CO'MMON AGE. /. [from «/?!»Jon.] The 
right of f eding on a common. 

CO'MMONALTi'. /. [coinmunauil, Fr.] 
I. The common people. Milton. 

Z Tile ualk of ii.?.nk nd. Hooker, 

CO'MMONER. /. j .rer.'^ c:mmon.] 

I. Ons of the common people j a man of 
low raak, ^du'Joii, 


2. A man.not noble. Priori 

3. A member of the houfe cf commoi.s. 

4. One who has a joint right in C!jmn..oii 
ground. Bjcch. 

5. A ftiident of the fecond rank at the 
univerfity of Oxford. 

6. A proftitute. Shakefpeare^ 
COMMONl'TION. /. [avur.onitlo, Luin.] 

Adv ce ; warnmg. 

COMMONLY, id. [iromcimmou.] Fre- 
quently ; ufually. . L'ei/i/.k, 

CO MMONNE5S. /. [from common.] 
1. Equal participation among many. 

GijO/ernnicnt of the 'Tongue. 
a. Frequentoccurrcnce 5 frequency. Sivift, 

ToCO.MMON'PLA'CE. -v. a. To reduce 
to genet «1 he.ids. Fehon, 

which things to be remembered are ranged 
under general heads. Tatlert 


1. The vulgar ; the lower people. Z)rjif». 

2. The houfe of parliament, by 
whii.h the people are reprefented. 

King Charles, 

3. F'lOi! J fare; diet. Sivifc, 
COMMON Wt'AL. 7 /. [ from ctm- 
COMMON WE ALTH. 3 mon and lueal, or 


I. A polity; an efiablifhsd form of civil 
life. Hooker. Da-vit-s. Locke. 

z. The publick ; the general body cf the 
people. Shakcfpeare. 

3. A government In which the fupreme 
powcT is lodged in the people ; a republick. 
Ben. Johnfjn. temple. 

CO'MMORANCE. 7 / [trom ccmmoranl.} 

CO'MMOHANCY. 5 Dwelling; habita- 
ti in ; rcfidence. Hale, 

CO VI iVi OR A NT. a. [cmtr.orar.!, Latin.] 
Rffident ; dwelling. ./iyliffe. 

COMFvlO' 1 ION. /. [commotio, Latin.] 

1. Tumult; difturbance ; combullion. 

Luke. Broome, 

2. Perturbation ; diforder of mind ; agi. 
tation. Clarendon. 

3. DiCui'iance ; refrleffnefs. Woodivard. 
COMMO'TIONER. f. [from co-n'r.otio>!.\ 

A ililiuibi.T of the peace. Hnyivard , 

To COMMO'VE. -v. a. [commowo, Lat.J 
To diihirli ; to unft:ttle. I'bomjon, 

To CO MMUNE -v n. [communico, Lat ] 
To converl'e; to impart fentiments mu- 
tu.illy, Spenfer. Locke. 

COM.VIUNICABI'LITY. /. [from io:i:n!u- 
mcji'e.j The quality of being commu- 

CO?.i'vIU'NICABLE. a. [from C'tnmnnicate.} 
I That which may become the cummon 
poirtrliiun of more than one. Hooker, 

z- Thnt which .may be imparted, or re- 
counted. Mrlron. 


COMMU'NICANT. /. [fromconmumcati.-] 
One who is piefewt, as a worfhipper, at 
the celebration ot the Lord's Supper 5 one 
who participates of the ble/Tcd facrament. 
Ho:Lr. AtUrl'Ury. 
To COMMU'NICATE. -v. a. {cmmur.ko, 

I. To impart to others what is in our 
own power. Bacon. Taylor. 

z. To reveal ; to impart knuvvledge, 

Clai endon. 
To COMMU'NICATE. -v. n. 

I. To partake of the bJeiTtd facrament, 

a To have fomething in common with 
another ; as, the houjet communicate, 

COMMUNICATION, /. [from commu. 

1. The acl of imparting benefits or know- 
ledge. Holder. 

2. Common boundary or inlet, Arbuthnot. 

3. Interchange of knowledge. Siuift. 

4. Conference ; cnnverfation, Samuel, 
COMMUNICATIVE, a, [from commu- 

nicate.'\ Inclined to make advantag-s com- 
mon ; liberal of knowledge j not lelfilh. 

Tnumc2tive.'\ The quality cf being com- 
municative. Norris, 

COMMU'NION. /. [communio, L«.] 
J. Intercourfe j fellow/hip ; common pof- 
feflion. Raleigh, Fiddes, 

a. The common or publick celebration of 
the Lord's Supper. Clarendon. 

3. A common or publick ai£l. Raleigh, 

4. Union in the common woi/hip of any 
church. Stilingf.eet, 

COMMU'NITY. /. [communitas, Latin.] 
I, The commonwealth J the body politick, 

5. Common poffeflion, Locke. 
3. Frequency ; ccmmonnefs. Shaiefpeare, 

COMMU rABI'LITY. /. [homcommtltable.'\ 
The quality of being capable of exchange. 

COMMU TABLE, a. [fromwMwa/f.] That 
may be cxclnnged for fomething elle. 

COMMUTA'TION. /. [from commute'^ 
I. Change ; alteration. South, 

1. Exchange J the adt of giving one thing 
for another. Ray, 

3. Ranfom ; the a£l cf exchanging a cor- 
poral for a pecuniary punifhment. BioiCn. 

COMMUTATIVE, a. [from c(,mmtue,'\ 
Relative to exchange. 

To COMMUTE, -v. a. [commuto, Lat.] 

1. To exchange ; to put one thing in the 
place of another. Decay of Piety, 

2, To buy off, or ranfom o.^e obligation 
by another, UEjlrangs, 

To COMMU'TE. i-, n. To attone ; to 
bajgain for ex£u;f tior>, .j^uti. 


COMMUTUAL. a. [con sad mutual.! Mfi' 
tual ; reciprocal. p^pg, 

CO'MHACT. /. lfcaum,Ln\n.] A con- 
trail- ; an accord ; an agreement, ^ouib. 

To COMPACT, "v.a, [compingo, conpac' 
turn, Latin.] 

1. To join together with firmnefs ; to coh- 
lolid'te. Rojcommon. 

2. To make out cf fomething. Shckefpeare. 

3. To league with. Shakejpeare. 

4. To join together ; to bring into a lyf- 
tem. Hooker. 

COMPA'CT. a. [con:pn3us, L^tin.] 

I. Firm j folid j clofe j denfe. AcTvton, 
7.. Brief ; as a compaFi difcourje, 

COMPA'CTEDNESS. /. [from ccmpaaed.J 
Firmnefs ; denfity. Dighyt 

CCMPA'C'lLY. ad. \Jxoxn compsa.] 

1. Clofely j denfely. 

2. With neat foining. 
COMPA'CTNESS. /. [from compa^l Firm- 
nefs j clofenefs, ' fl'o-jdwarj, 

COMPA'CTURE,/. [fromcompja.] Struc- 
ture ; compaginaticin. Spenfer, 

COMFA'GES.f. [Lat.] Afyflemotmany 
parts united. Ray, 

COMPAGINA'TION. /. [compago, Luin. j 
Union ; ftrudure. Broivn, 

COMPAN.ABLENESS. /. [from company. \ 
The quality of being a good companion. 

COMPA'NION. /. [compagnon, Fr,] 

1. One with whom a man frequently con- 
verfes. Prior. 

2. A partner ; an affociate, Phil-ppiarts, 

3. A familiar term of contempt j a fel- 
low. Raleigh. 

COMPA'NIONABLE, a, [from companion.j 
Fit for good fellow/hip ; focial. d^rendon. 

COMPA'NION ABLY. ad. [from companion^ 
able.] In a companionable manner, 

COMPA'NIONSHIP, /, [from compart'on.l 

1, Company ; train, Shakefpeare, 

2. Fellowfhip; affociation. Shakejpeare, 
COMPANY, /. [ccmpsgnie, Fr.] 

1, Perfons alfembled together. Shakefpeare. 

2, An afiembly of pleafure. Bacon. 

3, Perfons confidered as capable of con- 
verfation. Temple. 

4, Converfation j fellowJhip. Sidney, 


5, A number of perfons united for the 
execution of any thing ; a band, Dennis, 

6, Perfons united in a joint trade or part- 

7, A body corporate ; a corporation. 


8, A fubdivifion of a regiment of foot. 


9, 7a ^fflr CoMP.-^KY.? Tj alTociate 
To keep Co.MJ>AKV. i with ; to be a 

companion to, Skakjpeare. Pope. 

2. 10. 2o 


fa. To kt(p CoMPAKY. To fiequent 
houfes of entertainment. Skak.L'jpeare. 

To CO'MPANV. n; a. [from the noun.] 
To accompany ; to be aflbciated with. 

Sh.ik-' ^pcare. Prior, 

To CO'MPANY. V. n. To alFociate one's 

felf with. Oririthiatis. 

CO'MPARABLE. a. [from to (on.pare.) 

' Worthy to be compared j of equal regard. 

CO'MPARi\BLY. /id. [from corvparablc] 
In a Uiinnu worthy to be connpared, 


COMPA'RATES. /. [from compare.] la 

Jogick, the tvi/o things compared to one 


' CO'MPARATIVE. a. {omparath'us, Lat.] 

1. Elhmated by comparifon ; not abfolute. 

Bacon, BcTttley.. 
i. Having the power of comparing. 

J. [In grammar.] The comparative de- 
gree exprefles more of any quantity in one 
tiling than irt another 3 as, ibe right har.d 
j'j ttjc fltcngir. 

COM'PA RATIVELY. ad. {ixom compara- 
■fj'iv. j In a ftate cf coniparifon ; accord- 
ing toeRimate madeby comparifon. Rogers. 

ToCOMPA'Rii. "y. a- [coniparo, Lat.] 
S. To make one thing the meafure of 
another ; to eSiraate the relative goodnefs 

■ cr badnels. TiHotfen. 

2. To get I to procure ; to obtain. iSper.Jer. 
COMPA'RE. /. [from the verb.] 

1. Comparative ellimate } comparifon. 


2. Simile ; fimilitude. St'ok-jpeare. 
COMPA'RISON. /. [ccKparaifon, Ft.] 

1. The a(fl of comparing. Grew. 

a. The ftate of being compared. Locke, 

3. A comparative eftimate. Tilktfen, 
. 4.. A fimile in writing or fpeaking. 

5, [In grammar,] The formation of an 
adjeftive through its various degrees of fig- 
niification ; as jirongy ftropger, Jirongejl. 
To COMPA'RT, -J. a, [cow/iarf;/-, Fr.] To 
divide, IFotton. 

COMPA'RTIMENT. /. [compartimert, Fr. ] 
A divifion of a'pidure, or delTgn. Pope. 
COMPARTI'TION, /. [from compart.'] 
J. The ait of comparting or dividing; 
I. The parts marked out, or feparated ; 
a feparate part. ^''otton. 

COMPA RTMENT. /. [cmpartimevt , Fr.] 
Divifion. Reacham. 

To CO MPASS. t'. a. [compaffer, Fr.J 
I, To encircle; to environ j to furround. 

a. To -walk, round any thing, Dryden. 
. 3. To beleaguer ; to bcfiege. Luke, 

4. To grafp J to inclofs ;a the arms, 

C O M 

5. To obtain j to procure ; to attain. 

Hooker. Clarenden. Popf, 
6 To take meafures preparatory to any 
thing J as, to compafs the death of the king. 
CO MPASS. /. [from the verb.] 

r. Circle ; round. Sbakefpeare. 

2. Extent J reach ; grafp. South. 

3. Space; room; limits, yhtrrbury^ 

4. Enclofure ; circumference. MUtcn, 

5. A departure from the right line ; an 
indirect advance. 

6. Moderate Ipace j moderation; due li- 
mits. Da-vies. 

7. The power of the voice to expre's the 
notes of mufick. Sbakefpeare. D'ydsn. 

8. The infirument with which circles are 
drawn. . Donne. 
gr. Tlie inflrument compofed of^ a needle 
and card, whereby mariners fteer. 

King Charles. Rozue.. 
COMPA'SSrON. /. [cow.paJ[ioit,Vi-] Pity; 
commiferation ; painful fympathy. 


To COMPA'SSION. -v. a. [from the noun.] 

To pitv. Shak-fpeare. 

COIVIPA'SSIONATE.a. [from compaJ/Ton.] 

Inclined to pity ; merciful ; tender. South. 

To COMPA'SSIONATE. -v. a. [from the ' 

noun.] To pity ; to commiferate. RaUigh. 
CO.MPA'SSIONATELY. ad: [from com- 
pajfionate,] Mercifully j tenderly. 


CGMPATE'RNITY. /. [con and p-Jtermtas, 

Lat.] Goflipred, ox comp^itemity, by the 

cannon law, is a fpiritual affinity. Da-vies. 

COMPATIBILITY. /. [from conpaiible.] 

Confiflency ; the power of 'co-exifling,wilh 

fomething elfe. 


1. Suitable to J fit for 3 conMcnt with. 


2- Confiftent ; agreeable. Broome. 

COMPA'TIBLENESS. /. [from ctympatible.] 

COMPATIBLY, ad, [ from compatible. ] 

Fitly ; fuitably. 
COMPA'TIENT. a. [from con and patior^. 

Lat.] Suffering together. 
COMPA'TRIOT, /. One of the fame 


COMPE'ER. /. [ccmpar;, l.wn.] Equal; 

companion ; colleague. Philips. 

To COMPE'ER. "v. a. To be equal with ; 

to mate. Shakcfpcare, 

To COMPE'L, V, a. [con.-peilo, Lat.'] 

I. To force to fome adt ; to oblige ; to 

conflrain. Clarendon , 

Z. To take by force or violence. Shak'fp. 

COMPELLABLE, a. [from compel] That 

may be forced. 
COMPELLA'TION. /. [from cowpdlo. Lat.] 
The ilile of addrefs. Duppa. 



■COMPE'LLER. /. [from compel.] He that 
forces another. 

GOMPEND./. [compet,di,.m,h-M.'\ Abridg- 
ment; ftimmarv ; t-pitDme. f-Futa, 

COMPENDIA'RibuS. a. [csmf,nd:^nus, 
Lat.] Sh" rt ; c intrafted. 

COVIPENDIO'SITY./. [from co/rfcrdioi^s.] 

GOMPt'NDIOUS. a. [from compendium.'] 
Short 5 fummary ; abridged; compichen- 
five. M'ood"..vard. 

COMPENDIOUSLY, ad. [from compendi- 
ous.] Shortly; rummarily. Hooker. 

COMPE'NDIOUSNESS. /. [from tcynp^n- 
dious.] Shortnefs ; brevity. Bev.tlcy. 

COMPE'NDIUM. f. [Latin.] Abridgment ; 
fummary ; hieviate. IVatti. 

COMPE'NSABLE. a. [from competijtite.] 
That which may be recompenfcd. 

To COMPE'NSATE. -v. a. [a^mpenfo, Lnt.J 
To recompenfe ; to coiinterb.ilance ; to 
countervail. B^icon. Prior. 

COMPENSATION. /; [from comherjau.] 
Recompenfe ; fomethlng equivalent. 


COMPENSATIVE, a. [from comperjate.] 
That which cnrnpenfates. * 

To COMPENSE. -v. a. {compenfo, Latin.] 
To compenfate j to counterbalance.; to re- 
compenfe. Bacon. 

To COMFERE'NDINATE. -v. a. [compe- 
reiidifio, Lat. ] To delay. 

COMPERENDINA'TION. /. [from com- 
perendinaie.] Delay. 

COMPETENCE. 1 . v( . , ,i 

COMPETENCY.! ^^ [f'"^'" ^^«^'^"'] 

1. Such a quantity of any thing as is fuf- 
ficient. Government of the Tongue. 

2. A fortune equal to the neceflities of 
life. Shjk fpeare. Pope, 

3. The power or capacity of a judge or 

COMPETENT, a. [competens, Lat.] 

1. Suitable ; fie 5 adequate ; proportionate. 

Da vies, 

2. Without defcift or fuperfluity. Hooker, 

3. Reafonabie ; moderate. Aiterhury. 

4. Qualified ; fit. Govern, of the Tongue, 
tj. Confident with. Locke. 

COMPETENTLY, ad, [frnnmmpe/at.] 
I. Reafonably ; moderately. Wottoti^ 

2,. .'Adequately ; properly. 


COMFETIBLE. a. [rompeto, Lat.] Suit- 
able to j confiftent with. Hammond. 

COMPETIRLENESS. /. {fxomcompetible.l 
Suitablenefs ; fitnels. 

COMPETl'TION. /. [con and /;f/;V/ff, Lat.] 
I. Rivalry; conteft. Rogers, 

2,, Claim of more than one to one thing. 


COMPE'TITOR. /. Iron 3T>i ^ciiier, Lat.] 


2. An ODonnenf. Slakefpe/ire. 

COMPILA'TION. /. [from r^mpllo, Lat.j 

1. A collecftion from various Huthors. 

2. An aflemblage J a coacervation. 

To COMPI'LE. v. a. [compilo, Lat.] 

1. To draw up from var.ous authors. 

2. To write ; to compcfe. Temple. 
•5. To contain ; to coinprife. Upenjer. 

COMPI'LCMENT. /. [from cmpile.] Co..- 
cervation ; the a<ft of heapinii up. //'o.'/tn, 

COMPILER. /. [from cy^pde.] A col- 
leflor ; one who frames a compofiti t 
from various authors, S'ujif:. 

COMPLA CENCE. 7 /. [c9^r,i>}ac-entia, ww 

COMPf-A'CENCY. 5 Lat.] 

1. Pisafure J fatistadion ; gratification. 

Mtlton, Soufh, 

2. The caufe of pleaftire ; joy. Miiior, 
•i;. Civility ; complaifance. Clarendon. 

COMPL.VCENT. a, {complacsni, Latin.] 

Civil ; affable.; foft. 
To COMPLA'.IN. -v. n. [comphindre, Fr.] 

1. To mention with forrow ; to lament. 

Burnet' s Theory', 

2. To inform againfl. Sbakefpeore., 
To COMPLA'IN, -v. a. To lament ; to be- 
wail. Dry den. 

COMPLA'INANT. f. [from«w/./j/;7. J One 
who urges a fuit againft another. Collier. 

CGMPLA'INER. /. One who complains j. 
a lamenter. Go'veinment of the Tongue, 

COMPL.VINT. /. [con:p!jinic, Fr.] 

I. Reprelentation of pains or injuries. Job, 
z. The caufe or fubjeft of complaint, 


3. A malady ; a difeafe. A-l/uthnot. 
<;.. Remonftrance againrt. Shukefpettre. 

COMPLAISA'NCE. /. {complaiuzr.ce, Fr.] 
Civility; defire of pleafing ; adt of adu- 
lation. Dry'dtn. Prior, 

COMPLAISA'NT, a. [ ccmpla'ifanl , Fr. j 
Civil ; riefirous to pleafe. ' Pcpr. 

COMPL.AISA'NTLY. ad. [from complai- 
fant.] Civilly; with defire to pleafe.; 
ceremonioufly. Pope, 

•COMPLAISA'NTNESS. /. [from complai- 
faiir.] Civility. 

ToCO.VlPLA'NATE. 7 t>. a. [from planu!. 

To COMPLANE. 5 Litin.] To level.; 
to ri-ihue to a flat furface. Derhjm, 

COMPLEMENT./, [complemcnt-jm, Lat.j 

1. -P^rfeftion j fulnefs ; completion. 


2. Complete fet. 5 complete provifion. 5 the 
full (Uiantity. Prur, 

3. Adfcititiouscircumftances jappendagfi. 

Hooker, Sh-.ikejpearej, 
COMPLETE, a. {complete, Lat.] 
J. Perfedl,; full; without any defers. 

CoI:/ians. S-zvft.. 
a, Finifhed.; ended j concluded. Prior. 

Z 2, '-i* 

C O M 


To COMPLETE, v. a. [from the r.oun.] CO'MPLICE, /. [Fr. from complex, Lit.] 

To perfpft ; t.i finiili. Walion. 

COMPLETELY, ad. [rrom complete.] Fully } 

perfectly. Blackmore. Sic ft, 

COMPLETEMENT. /. [completemeiit , Fr ] 

The aft of ccmpleting. Dryden. 

COMPLETENESS,/. [fromwTO^A*.] Per- 

feftion. ^'"S Cij<^rUi. 

COMPLETION. /. [from complete.] 

1. Accompliftiment J ad of fulfilling. 

Utmoft height ; perfect ftate. Pop 

One who is united with otheis in an ill 
defign ; a confederate. Ciarendott. 

COMPLl'ER. /. {itom comply.} A man of 
an eafv ten^Der. 

COMPLIML'NT. /. {compliment, Fr.] An 
act or expreflion of civility, ufually under- 
ftood to meanlefs than it declares. 

Sidne\\ Rogers, 

To COMPLIME'NT. v. a. [Vrom the 
noun,] To footh with expreflions of re- 
fpeift ; to flatter. Prior. 

COMPLEX, a. [cmplexiis, Lat.] Compo- COMPLIME'N TAL. a. [horn campUmetit.'^ 

fue j of many parts ; nut finnple. Lo 
CO'Mt'LEX. f. Complication j coliedion. 

COMPLE'XEDNESS. / [from con,pl,x.'\ 
Complication ; involution of many parti- 
cular parts in one integral, Locke. 
CO.MPLEXION. /. [complexio, Lat. J 
I. Involution of one thing in anuthT. 

■ a. The colour of the external parts of 
anv 'j ".ly. D.J-uas. 

5. The rpnnperature of the body. Dryiciu 
COMPLE'XIONAL. a. ( conpl x oii.} 
Depending on the complexion or tempera- 
ment of tbf body. FiJdes. 
COMPLEXION ALLY. ad. [ from c:;?.-- 
p'uxioti.] Bv coinp'cxioi), Ercivi, 
COVIPLL'XLY. ad, [from cmpkx.] l.i a 

compl"x minner ; not fimply. 
COMPLEXNESS. /. [{xom complex.] The 

ftate of being complex. 
COMPLE'XURE, /. [from cof-plx.] The 

invehitio.-i of one thing with others. 
COMPLI'ANCE. /. [from comply.] 

1. The ad of yielding ; accord ; fub- 
niiflion. Rogers. 

2. A difpofnion to yield to others 

Expref.'ive of refpedt or civility. Pf^ottotT. 

COMPLIME'NTALLY. ad. [from compli- 

mental.] In the nature of a compliment ; 

civilly. Broom. 

COMPLIME'NTER. /. [from compliment.^ 

One Riven to compliments ; a flatterer. 

CO .Ml'LlNE. /. [compline, Fr. completinum, 

low Latin.] The lail a£l of vvorfliip at 

nipht. Hubberd. 

To COMPLO RE. -v. «. [comploro, Latin.] 

To make lamentation together. 

COMPLO T. /. [Fteoch.J A confederacy 

in lume fecret crime j a plot.' lluhberd. 


To COMPLOT. -v. a. [from the noun.] 

To form a plot ; to confpire. Pope. 

COMPLO'TTER. /. [from compUt.] A 

ronfpirator ; one joined in a plot. Dryd^n. 

To CO'MPLY. -v. n. [cowpler.] To yield 

to ; to be obfequicus to. TH'otfon. 

CO.MPO'NENT. a. [coinponcns, Lit.] That 

which ccnftitutes the compound body. 

To COMPORT, -v. n. [eowporter, Fr.] To 
agree ; to fuit. Dome, 

To COMPO'RT. -v. a. To bear j to en- 
dure. Daniel. 

COMPLIANT. ^- [from cemp!y.] 

1. Yielding J bending. Mi/ion. 

a. Civil ; cfimplaifant. 

To CO'MPLICATE. -v. a. [eomph'co. Lit.] 

1, To entangle one with another ; tojoin, 


2, To unite by involution of parts. Boyle. 

3, To form by complication ; to form by 
the union of ieveral parts into one inte- 
gr:il. Locke. 

CO'MPLICATE. a. Compounded of a mul- 
tiplicity of parts. Wattu 

CO'Mt^LI.:ATENESS. /. [from eomplicate.] 
The ftate of being complicated j intricacy. 


COMPLICATION. /. [from complicate.] 
J. The ad of involving one thing in an- 

a. The ftate of being involved one in an- 
other. WHkins. 
3. The integral conf.fling of many things 
involved. ?Fam> 

Clarendon. COMPO'RT. f. [from the verb.] E.-ha- 

viour ; condud. Taylor, 

COMPO'RTABLE. a. [homcoapirt.] Con- 
(iftcFlt. IVotton. 

COMPO'RTANCE, /. [{com comport.] Be. 
hjviour. Spinfer. 

COMPORTMENT. /. [horn comport.] Be- 
haviour. Addifort, 

To COMPO'oE. V. a. [compofer, Fr.J 

1. To form a mafs by joining different 
things together. Sprat. 

2. To place any thing in its proper torro 
and method. Drydeti. 

3. To difpofe ; to put in the proper Ibte. 


4. To put together a difcourfe or fentence. 


5. To conftituteby being parts of a whole. 

Milton. M^atts„ 

6. To calm ; to quiet. Clarendon. 

7. To adjuft the minid to any bufinefs. 


%,. Ta 


S. To adjuft } to fettle J as, to compofe a 

9. [With printers. J To arrange the 

10. [In mufick.] To form a tune from 
the difltrent mufical notes. 

CO.MPO'SED. patticip. a. Calm; ferious ; 
even ; fr-dare. Addifov. 

COMPO'yLDLY .ad. \Jiom compofid.] Calm- 
ly j ferioufly. Clarendon, 

COMPO'SEDNESS. /. Sedatenefs ; calm- 
nefs. Norn's. 

COMPO'SER. /. [from comfoje.'] 

I. An author ; a writer. Milton, 

z. He that adapts tlie mufick to words. 


COMPO'SITE. a. [con-po/itus, Lat.] The 
compojlte order in architefture is the laft 
of the five orders ; fo named becaufe its 
capital is compofed out of thofL- of the 
other orders ; it is alfo called the Roman 
and Italick order. Harris, 

COME'OSITION. /. [cempofiiio, Lat.] 

1. The adl of forming an integral of va- 
rious dinimilar parts. Bacon. Temple. 

2. The act of bringing fimple ideas into 
complication, oppofed to analyfis. Neioton. 

3. A ma Is formed by mingling different 
ingredients. Sivift. 

4. The ftate of being compounded ; union \ 
conjunftion. PFatts. 

5. The arrangement of various figures in 
a picture. Drydcn. 

6. Written work. y^ddijon. 

7. Adjullment ; regulation. Ben.yohnlon, 
S. Comp3(5l ; agreement. Hooker. Trailer , 

9. The ad of difcharging a debt by pay- 
ing part. 

10. Confiflency ; congruity. Shak'fpeare, 

11. [In grammar, j The jaming two 
words together. 

12. A certain method of demonftration 
in mathematicks, which is the reverfe of 
the analytical method, or of refoiution. 

COMPOSITIVE, a. Compounded ; or 

iiaving the power of compounding. Dift, 
COMPOSITOR. /. [from compoje.'\ He 

that ranges and adjulls tiie types in print- 
CO'MPOST. /. [Fr. co,r.pofttum, Luin.] 

Manure. E-velyn. 

ToCOMI'O'ST. -v. a. To manure. Bseon. 
COMPO'STURE. /. [from compofl.'] Soil ; 

manure. iilMikefpeare% 

COMPO'SURE. /. [from compoje.'] 

I. The atl of compofing or inditing. 

King Charles. 

z. Arrangement ; ccmbi.nation ; order. 


3. The form from the difpofition 
of the various parrs, Crajhaiv, 

4. Fra^e j Bi^k-:. St.i.'nJ'piare, 


5. Re'ative adjuftment. TVcttcn. 

6. Compofition 3 framed difcouife. 


7. Sedatenefs ; calmn-fs j tranquillity. 


%, Agreement j compo/ltion j fettlement 

of difference?. Milton. 

COMPOTATION. /. [compotmio, Latin.] 

' The aft of drinkin;; together. Philips. 

ToCOMPO'UND. -v. a. [coinporo. Lat.] 

1. To mingle many ingredients together. 

2. To form by uniting various parts. 

Exidus. Boylf. 

3. To mingle in different pofitions ; to 
combine. Addifon. 
4- To iorm one word fj^m two or more 
words. RnUigh. 

5. To compofe by being united. Shnkefp, 

6. To adjuif a difference by receflinn from 
the rigour of claims. Shakefpeare. Bjcon, 

7. To difcharge a debt by paying only 
Parf. Gay., 

To COMPO'UND. -v. V. 

1. To come to terms of agreement by 
abating fomething. C'arendon. 

2. To bargain in the lump. Sbakefpeare, 

3. To come to terms. Carew. 

4. To determine. Shahfpeare. 
CO'MPOUND. a. [from the verb.] 

1. Formed out of many ingredients; not 
fingle. B'jcon. 

2. Compofed of two or more words. Bcpe. 
CO'MPOUND. /. The mafs formed by the 

union of many ingredients. Houih^ 

COMPOUNDABLE. a. Capable of being 

COMPO'UNDER. /. [from to compound.] 

1. One who endeavours to bring parties 
to terms of agreement. Siulft, 

2. A mingler ; one who mixes bodies. 
To COMPREKE ND. -v, a. [conpre/jcndo, 


1. To comprife ; to include. Remans. 

2. To contain in the mind j to conceive. 


COMPREHE'NSIBLE. a. [comprehen^il^; 
French.] I .telligible ; conceivable. Loi-yi't. 

COMPREHE'NSIBLY. ad. [from cowpre- 
herjil}le,'\ With great power of fignifica- 
tion or underftanding. Tilktfon. 

COMPREHE'NSION. f.{cmprehenfio, Lat.] 

1. The aft or quality of compriling or con- 
taining ; inclufion. Hooker. 

2. Summary ; epitome ; compendium. 


3. Knowledge; capacity; power of the 
mind to admit ideas, Dryden. 

COMPREHE'NSIVE. a. [from comp,ehcrd.'\ 
I, Having the power to comprehend or 
u.".derftand. Pope, 

z, Having the 'jualiry of comprifing much. 




COMPREHE'NSIVELY. ad. In a com- 
prehenfive manner. 

^OGMPREHE'NSIVENESS. /. [from com- 
frehenji-vs. ] The quality of including 
much in a tew words or narrow compais. 

To COMPRE'SS. -v. a. [compreffui. Lit.] 

1. To force into a narrower conipafs. 

2. To embrace. ^=/"'- 
CO'MPRESS. /. [from the verb.] Bolfters 

of hnen ra^s. ^uit:cy. 

CO M PRESS IE i'LITY. /.[ from ^w/"-.^^/'/- ] 

The quality of admittmg to be brought by 

force into a narrower compafs. 
•COMPRE'SMBLE. a. [ from ww/.'r«/j. ] 

Yielding to preffure, fo as that one pait is 

brought nearer to another. Cheyne. 

COMPRESSIBLENESS. /. [from ccrp'eL 

fibte ] C^pibility of being preiFed clofe. 
-COMPRE'-SION. /. [ww/^Tf^o, Lu.] The 

ad of bringing the parts of any b-.dy 

more near to each other by violence. .Bacon, 


COMPRE'SSUREi*/. [from cowjVf/w] The 

aft or force of the body preiling againit 

anoihei;, Boyl<-. 

To COMFRrNT. v. ti. [comprimere, Lat.] 

To print an"ther's copy, to the prejuHice 

of the riahtful proprietor. I'hd.fs. 

To COMPRISE, -v. a. [cowp'h, Fr.]. To 

contain; to include. Hooh.:r. RoUoirmo". 
COMPROBA'TION. /, [coiKprcbo, I.atin. ) 

Proof; attcflation. Brczin. 

COMl^ROMl'iE. /. [comptomlirum, Lat. J 

1. A mutual promife of parties at diQcr- 
«nde, to refer thtir ccntioverfics to arbi- 
trators. . Cow.l. 

2. A compafl or bargain, in ■.vliicb con- 
cfflions arc mide. SciU'c'Iprai c. 

To COMPROMI'SE. -v. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To aojult a compift by mutual con- 

2. To accord ; to agree. S-ljahefpear?. 
COMPROMISSO'RIAL. a. [from compxo- 

mife ] Relating to a compromife. 
COMPROVi'NCIAL. /. [con and provin- 
dalA Belonging to the fame province. 


COMPT. /. {ccmpte, Fr.] Account ; com- 
putation ; reckoning. Sbakrjpeaie. 

To COMPT. -v. a. [compter, Fr.J To 
compute ; to number. We now uie 'la 

CO'MPTIBLE. a. Accountable 5 ready, to 
give ^.ccount. Sbaki-fpeare. 

To^COMFTRO'LL. v. a. Toconcroll.; to 
over-rule ; to oppofe. 

COMPTRO'LLER. /. [ from coirptreU. ] 
Diredor ; fuperv:for, 'Temple. 

COMPTRO'LLERSHIP. /. [Uom csmp- 
tro!hr.~\ Superintendence. Care'ii.'. 

C.OAJPU'LSATIVELY. ad. By conftraint. 


COMPU'LSATORY. /. [from cs,rpuffor,^ 

Latin.] Having the force of, 

SI. akcfteare. 

COMPU'LSION. /. [compuJfis, Lu.J 

I. The ad of compelling to fomething j 
force. Milton, 

z. The ftate of being compelled. Hil^. 

COMPULSIVE. aJ. [from ompu.'fer, Fr.J 
Having the power to compel j forcible. 


COMPU'LSIVELY. ad. [hom cimpd/i-vc] 
By force; by violence. 

COMPU'LSIVENESS./. [from compulfi-ve.'^ 
Fiirce ; compulfion. 

COMPU'LSORILY. ad. [ftomcoinpulfcry.] 
In a compulfory or forcible manner ; by 
violence. Bacon, 

GOMPU LSORY. a. [compu'-folre, French.] 
Having the power of compelling. Bramhalt, 

COMPU'NCTION. /. [comj^onawn, Fr.] 
il. The power of pricking 5 Ilimulation. 

1. Repentance ; contrition. Clarendon, 

COMPU NCTIOUS. a. [from rompunaion.] 
Repentant ; tender, -Sbakcfpce.rc. 

COMPU'NCriVE. a. [from compunaion.} 
Cauling remorfe. 

COMPURGATION. /. [compu^gutio, Lat.] 
The pradice cf jullifying any man's ve- 
racity by the teftlmcny cf another. 

COMPURGATOR./. [Latin.] One who 
bears his teftiniony to the credibility of 
another. IFoodivard,, 

COMPU'TABLE. a. [from compute.} Ca- 
pable of being numbered. Hale, 

COMPUTA'TION. /. [from compute.] 

1. The adf of reckoning ; calculation. 

2. The fum collected or fettled by calcu- 
1-tion. ylddijon, 

ToCOMPU'TE. V. a. [compvto, Lat. J To 
reckon ; to calculate j to count. Holder, 


COMPUTE. /. [computus, Lat.] Compu- 
tation ; calculation. 

CO.MPUTER,/. [from corrpuie.] Reckoner ; 
accountant. S'n'iji.. 

COMPUriST. /. [compLtrfte, Fr.] Cal- 
culator ; one fkilled in computation. 


CO'MRADE. /. [camerade, Fr.] 

1. One who dwells in the fame houfe or 
chan-iber. Sbokefpea't, 

2. A companion ; a partner. Milnn. 
CON. A Latin infeparable prepofitidn, 

which, at the beginning of words, figni- 
fies union ; as concourje, a running together. 

CON. One who is en the negative fide 6( 
a quefticn. 

To CON. v.di, [connan, Saxon.] 

I. To know. . Spenfer, 

a. To ftudy. Shakefpeare. Holder. Prior. 

3. 'rQQQ>. thanks, 'toKtiink.ihakefpeart:^ 



ToSrOrJCA'MERATE. -v. a. [concamero, 
Lit.] To arch over ; to vault. Gr<iu, 

To CONCATENATE, -v. a. [ixomcatou, 
L:it.] To link together. 

CONCATENA'TION./. [fromcowMrrwaf?.] 
A feiies ot links. ^outh, 

CONCAVA'TION. /. [from concave. I The 
zH of making concave, 

CONCA'VE. a. [, Lat.] Hollow; 
opp ifed to convex. Burnet, 

CONCA'VENESS. /. [from conca-vc.l Hul- 
lo wnefs. D:!}. 

CQNCA'VITV. /. [from ccvca-ve.} Inter- 
nal furface of a hollow fpherical or fphe- 
r.iidical body. M''oodzuard. 

CG.NCA"/0- CONCAVE, a. Concave or 
hollow on bo'h fides. 

CONCAVO-CONVEX, a. [from ctrca-ve 
and coniiex.'^ Concave one way, and con- 
vex the other. Ntioton. 

eONCA'VOUS. a. [corca-vus, Lat.] Con- 

CGNCA'VOUSLY. ad. [from coma-vous.'\ 
With hollownefs. Bronvn. 

To CONCL'AL. -v. a. [covceh, Lat.] To 
_hide J to keep fecret j not to divulg''. 


GONCE'ALABLE. a. [from conctaL] Ca- 
pable of be;np concealed. Broivn. 

CONCE'ALEDMESS. /. [ from eoncc,,!. ] 
Priv.icy ; nbfcurily. Dicf. 

CONCE ALER. /. [from (onaal.] He that 
conceals any thing. 

CONCE'ALMENT. /. [from conceal] 
1, The aft of hiding ; kcrefy. GlanvlUe, 
a. The Itate of bemg hid j privacy. 

y, Hiding place ; retreat. Rogers. 

To CONCE'DE. -v. a. [cor^ccdo, Lit.] To 
admit ; to grant. Bentley, 

CONCETT. /. [concept, French.] 

1. Conception ; thought j idea. Sidney. 
2". Underftanding j readinefs of apprehen- 
iion. PFifJiiv. 

3. Fancy ; fantaftical notion. Shakejpearf. 


4. Opinion in a neutral fenfe. Shakefpeare, 

5. A pleafant fancy, Sbahefpeare. 
6i Sentiment. Pope. 

7. Fondncfs 5 favourable opinion. Bentley. 

8, Out cf Conceit iL'itb. No longer 
fond of. TUktjon. 

To CONCE'IT, -v. a. To imagine j to be- 
lieve. South. 

CONCE'ITED. partlcip. a, [hom conceit.] 
1. Endov. ed with fancy. Knol.'rs. 

a. Proud J fond of himfelf 5 opinionative. 


CONCETTEDLY. ad. [ from ccuceiud. ] 
Fancifully j whimfically. Dunne. 

GONCE'U'EDNE^S. /. [from tpmeited.] 
Pr.ue j fondnef? of himf I', Colli.r, 


CONCE'ITLFSS. a. [from co'^ceuj Stn- 
pid 5 without thought. i:{-ajff6-ar£^ 

CONCE'lVABLE. a. [from corcc^.e ] 

1. That may be imagined or thought. 


2. That may be undcrftood or believed. 

CONCE'IVABLENESS. /. [from c.nceiL 
ahl'.'j The quality of being conceivable. 

CONCE'IVABLY. ad. [from concei-vab!e.\ 
In a conceivable manner. 

To CONCE'IVE, -v. a. [eoncevoir, Fr.] 
r. To admit into the womb. Pjulir.^ 

2. To form in the mind. Jenmiab, 

3. To comprehend J to underflaud. 


4. To think ;. to be of opinion. H-wift.. 
ToCONjciVE. -v. n. 

I. To th nk ; to have an idea of. Watts. 

1; To become pregnant. Genefis 

CONCE'IVER. j. [from conceitr.} 

that underftands or apprehends.. Broun 
CONCENT. /. [eorr,„tus, LKin.] 

1. Concert of voices j harmony. Bacon. 

2. C^mllrtency. /Itterhurv, 
To CONCE'NTRATE. v. a. [concentrfr, 

Fr.] To drive into a narrow compafs. 


CONCENTRA'TION./. [fromrt«,Y«r«,.. j 
Coiledlion into a narrow fpace round tho 
center. Peachan. 

To CONCE'NTRE. n;. r. [concertrer, Fr.| 
To tend to one common centre. Hale 

To CONCE'NTRE. i; a. To emit to- 
wards one centre. Decay of Piety 

CONCE'NTRICAL. 7 a. [eonecntrkus, Lat. 1 

CONCE'NTRICK. 5 Having one com- 
mon centre. Donne. Bentley, 

CONCE PTACEE. /. [ronceptaeulum, Lat.J 
That in which any thing is contained ; a 
velftl. fVood-.vard.. 

CONCE'PTIBLE. a. [from coneip,o ccncep. 
turn, L'ltin.] Intcliigible j capable to be-^ 
underltijod. Ilj/e, 

CONCE PTION. /. {conceptio, Latin.] 
I> The aft of conceiving, or ouickening- 
with pregnancy. Mi It en. 

2. Theftateof being conceived. Sb^kep. 

3. Notion; idea, S:>u:[, 

4. Sentiment ; purpofe. Shah-fpeare. 

5. Apprehenfion j knowledge. Daijes. 

6. Conceit ; fentiment j pointed thought, 

CONGE'PTIOUS. a. [cenceptum, Lat.J Apt- 

to conceive ; pregnant. Shakrfpear,-, 

CONCE'PTIVE. a. [conccptiim, Lat.] C.:- 

pable to conceive. Br»^i-n, 

To CONCET<N. -v. a. [corc:rner, Fr.J 

1. To relate to j to belong to, Lo:':-. 

2, To afiect with fome p^lfi ^n. 

."^iak jpe.ire. TtgiTi. 

3, To 


3. To intereft ; to engage by intereft. 


4. To difturb j to make uneafy. Dtrham, 

1. Bufinefs j affair. Rogers. 

2. Intereft ; engagement. Burnet, 

3. Importance ; moment. Rofcommon, 

4. Paffion ; aftedion ; regard. yiddifon. 
CONtERNlNG. prep. Relating to ; with 

relation to. Bacon. Tillctjon. 

CONCE'RNMENT. /■ [from (oncern.'] 

J. The thing in which we are concerned 

cr interefted j bufinefs j intereft. TiUotjtn. 

2. Relation ; influence, Denbam, 

•;. Intercoiirfe ; bufinefs. Locke. 

4. Importance j moment, Boyle. 

c. Interpofieiiin j regard ; meddling. 


6. Paflion ; emotion of mind, Drydtn. 
To CONCERT, -v. a. [conccrter, Fr.] 

J. To fettle any thmg in private. 

2. To fettle ; to contrive ; to adjuft. 

CO'NCERT. /. [from the verb.] 

J. Communication of defigns. Stvift. 

2, A fymphony ; many performers play- 
in? to the fame tune. 
CONCERTATION. /. [concert atio, Lat.] 

Strife ; contention. 
CONCE'RTATIVE. .-:. [cowcfrwr/wJjLat.] 

Contentious. Dut. 

CCNCE'SSION. /. [cor.crjfio, Lat.] 

1. The ad of granting or yielding. Hak. 

2. A grant j the thing yielded. 

King Charles, 

CONCE'SSIONARY. a. Given by indul- 

CONCE'SSIVELY. ad. [from concrjioa.] 
By way of conceffion. Brcivn, 

CONCH. A [concha, Latin.] A /helJ ; a 
fea-fheU'. Dryden. 

CO'NCHOID. f. The name of a curve. 

To C0NC1'LL4TE. -v. a. [concilio, Latin.] 
To gain. Bra^un. 

CONCILl A'TION, /. [from conciliiite.'] The 
z€t of gaining or reroncilmg, 

CONCILIA'TOR. /. [from conciliate.'] One 
that makes utace between others. 

C0NC1'L[AT0RY. a. [from cor.ciliatc.'] 
Relating to reroncili.itio.'i. Diti. 

CONCI'NNITY. /. [ixomconcinnitai, Lat.] 
Decency ; fiitnels. 

CONCl'NNOUS. a. [cordr.nus, Lat.] Be- 
coming ; pleafant. 

CONCI'SE. a. [coiuifus, Luin.J Britf ; 
(hort. Ber. Jrjhv.jon. 

CONCI'SELY. ad. [from (owj'f.] Briefly; 
ftcrtly, Broorne. 

CONCrSENESS. /. [from concij!.] Bre- 
vity ; flinitnefs. D'yden. 

CONCrSION. / [fO'-c'jum, Lat.] Cuuing 
oli j excifion. 


CGNCITA'TION. /. [concitatio, Lat.] Th« 
aft of ftirring up. Brazen. 

CONCLAMA TION. /. An outcry. Diii. 
CO'NCLAVE. /. [concla-ve, Latin.] 

1. A private apartment. 

2. The room in which the cardinals meet ) 
or the airernbly of the cardinals, 

atakefp. South, 

3. A dofe afTcmbly. ' Gurtb, 
ToCONCLU'DE. -v. a. [fo«f,Wo/Lat. j 

1. To /hut. Hooker. 

2. To colieft by ratiocination. 7iilotfon. 

3. To decide ; to determine. ^ddifotu 

4. To end ; to fini/h. Bacon. Dryden. 

5. To oblige, as by the final determination. 

Hale, Atterbury^ 
To CONCLU'DE. -v. n. 

1. To perform the laft aft of ratiocina- 
tion ; to determine. Da-vies. Beyle, 

2. To fettle opinion. yltterl/ury, 

3. Finally to determine. Shakeffieare, 

4. To end. Dryden. 
CONCLU'DENCY. /, [from condudent.] 

Confequence 5 regular proof. Hii/e. 

CONCLU'DENT. a. [from conclude.] Dc- 

cilive. Hale. 

CONCLU'SIBLE. a. [fwm conclude.] De- 

terminable. Hammond. 

CONCLU'SION. /. [from conclude.] 

I. Determination; final decifion. Hcoier. 

2- Cblleftion from propofitions premifed ; 

confequence. Du-uies. Til'ot;on. 

3. The clofe. Eccks. 

4. The event of experiments. Sbak-fpeare, 

5. The end ; the upfhot. 

6. Silence ; confinement of the thoughts. 

CONCLU'SIVE. a. [irom conclude.] 

1. Decifive 5 giving the laft determination. 

Bramball. Rogers. 

2, Regularlv confequential, Locke. 
CONCLU'SIVELY. ad. [from conchfive.] 

Decifively. Bacon. 

CONCLU'SIVENESS. /. [from co>-clufi-ve .^ 
Power of determining the opinion. Hale. 

To CONCOA'GULATE. t. a. To con- 
geal one thing with anotht'r. Boyle. 

CONXOAGULA'TION. /. [from co-coogu- 
late.] A coagulation by which ditierent 
bodies are joined in one mafs. 

To CONCO'CT. -v. a. [concojt^o, Lat.] . 

1. To digeft by the ftoit.ach. Hayivard, 

2. To puiify by heat. Ihomfon. 
CONCOCTION. /. [from corcoB.] Di- 

geftion in the Itomach ; maturation by 

heat. Donne. 

CONCO'LOUR, a. \_c0ncol9r, Latin.] Of 

one colour. Brown, 

CONCO'MITANCE. 7 f. [frort) co^corritor, 

CONGO MITAXCY, 5 Lat. ] Subfiftence 

together with another thing. 

BrnKfl. Glani'ille^ 



2. The mafj formed by a coalition of fe- 

parate particles. Bacon. 

CO'NCRETIVE. a. [from concrete.-] Coa- 

/. A mafs formed by 



CONCOMITANT, a. [concomifans, Lst.] 

Conjoined with ; concurrent with. Locke. 
CO'NCOMITANT. /. Companion ; per- 

fon connefted, South, 

CX)'NCOMITANTLY. ad. [from concami- 

tant,] In company with others. 
To COiiCOMlT ATE. -v. a. [concomieaiui, CONCUBINAGE 

Lat.j To be connefted with any thing. The act of living with 

Harvey, married 
CO'NCORD. /. [conco'^ia, Latin.] 

J. Agreement between perfons or things j 

peace j union. Shakejpeate. 

Z. A compaft. Da-viet, 

3. Harmony j confent of founds 


[ concubinage, Fr, 1 

woman not 


CONCUBINE. /. [concubina, Latin.] A 

woman kept in fornication ; a whore, 


To CONCU'LCATE. -v. a. f<:a«a/«, Lat.] 

To tread or tr.(mple under foot. 

4. Principal grammatical relation of one 

word to another. Locke, 

CONCO'RDANCE. /. Icorcordantia, Lat.] 

1. Agreement. 

2. A book which Aews in how many 
texts of fcripture any word occurs, Su'ift. 

CONCO'RDANT. a. [concordat, Latin.] 
Agreeable ; agreeing. Brown. 

CONCO'RDATE. /. [concordat, Fr.] A 
compa£l ; a convention, Sivljt, 

CONCO'RPORAL. a. [ from tor.corforo, 
Lat ] Of the fame body. Di'a, 

To CONCO'RPORATE. -v. a, [con and 
eorpus.'^ To unite in one mafs or fub- 
ftance. Tay'ar, 

CONCORPORA'TION. /. [from concorpo- 
rate.] Union in one mafs, X);ff. 

CO'NCOURSE. /. [conturjui, Latin,] 

1. The confluence of maoy perfons or 
things, Btn. Jobnjon. 

2. The perfons aflembled. Dryden. 

3. The point of junftion or interfeOion 
of two bodies. Netvtcn. 

eONCREMA'TlON. /. [ from cowemo. 
Lat.] Theadof burning together. Difi, 

CO'NCREMENT. /. [from concrejco, Lat.] 
The mafs formed by concretion. Hale. 

CONCRE'SCENCE. /. [from tor.crtfco, Lat.] 
The aft or quality of growing by the union 
of feparate oarticies, RaUigh, 

To CONCRE'TE. -v, n. [concreju, Latin.] 
To coalefce into one mafs. Neivton. 

To CONCRE'TE. v. a. To form by con- 
cretion. Male, 

CONCRETE, a. [from the verb.] 
r. Formed by concretion. 
2. In logick. Not abftraft ; applied »o a 
fubjtft. Hooker. 

CO'NCRETE. /, A mafs formed by con- 
cretion. Bentky. 

CONCRE'TELY, ad. [from ctncrete.] In 
a manner including the fubjtft with the 
predicate. Norris. 

CONCRE'TENESS. /. [from concrete.'lQoi. 

Shakffpeare. CONCULCA.'TION, /. [conculcatio, Lat.] 

Trampling with the feet. 
CONCU'PJSCENCE./, [csrcupifenda, Lat.] 

Irregular dtfjte 5 libidinous wifli, Benllev. 
CONCU'PISCENT. *. [coicupifcen,, Lat.] 

Libidinous ; lecherous. Shakejpeare. 

CONCUPISCE'NTIAL, a. [{vom ccr.cuft- 

fcent.] Relating to concupifcence. 
CONCUPI'SCIBLE. a. [cor.cupiJc:bU,s,l.i%-] 

Impreffing defire. South. 

To CONCU'R. -v.n. [covcurro, Latin,]' -. 

1. To meet in one point. Temple, 

2. To agree ; to join in one aclion. Snvift, 

3. To be united with ; to be conjoined. 


4. To contribute to one common event. 



CONCURRENCY, f ^- f '^^°'" concur.] 

gulation J colleftion of fluids into a folid 
niafs. Diil.- 

CONCRE'TION. /. [from concrete.] 
!• The adt of conciecing j coalition. 

I. Union J affociation ; conjunflion. 

C 'arendfK, 
a. Combination of many agents or cir- 
cumflances. Cra/hatv. 

3. Afliftance ; help. Rogert, 

4. Joint right j common claim. J^yliffe^ 
CONCU'RRENT. a. [from concur.-^ 

I, Afting in conjuiilioa j concomitap.^ 
in agency. Uaie. 

a. Conjoined ; aflbciate : concomitant. 

Bucon. . 
CONCU'RRENT. /. That which concurs. 
Daay of Piety, 
CONCU'SSION. /. [cmuj/iq, Lat.] Ti»e> 
aft ot (baking j tremefaftion. Bacon, 

CONCU'SSIVE. a. [coneuffhs, Lat.] Hav- 
ing the power or quality of ihaking. 
Burnet, To CONDE^iMN. 'v. a. [cordemno, Latig.} 

1. To find guilty j to doom to puni/h- 
ment. Fiddes. 

2. To cenfure ; to blame : contrary to 
approve. Locke. 

3. To fine. Chr omelet. 
CONDE'MNABLE. a. [(torn condemn,] 

Blarricable; ciilpablc Brcwn, 

CONDEMNATION./, [andemvatio, Lat.j 

The fentence by which any one is doomed 
to punifhinent. Ifomant,' 

CONDE MNATORY. a! [from condemn.] 
Etlfi-ng a fentence of condemnation. 

Goverrm.'nt of the Tongue. 
A a CON- 


CO'^Dfi'MNER. /. [ from ttndirm. ] A 
blamer ; a cenfurer. Tffylor. 

CONDE'NSABLE. a. [ from conienfate. ] 
That which is capable of condenfation. 

To CONDENSATE, -v. a. [condepfu, Lat".] 

To make thicker. 
To CONDENSATE, v. ti. To grow thick- 
GONDE'NSATE. a. [condenfatut, Latin.] 
Mjde thick ; comprtilbd into lefs fpace. 

CONDENSA'TION. /. [from condenfue.^ 
The adt of thickening any body. Op^'o- 
fite to rarcfadlion. Raleigh. Bentley. 

To CONDE'NSE. -v. a, [carder jo, Latin.] 
To make any body more thick, clofe and 
weighry. PFoodivard, 

To CONDE'NSE. v. n. To grow ciofe and 
weightv. Neivton. 

CONDENSE, a. [from the verb.] Thick} 
denfe. Bentley. 

CONDE'NSER. /. A vefiel, wherein to 
crowd the air. Sutncy. 

CONDE'NSITY. /. [from condenfe.'] The 
ftate of being condenfed. 

CO'NDERS. /. [conduire, French.] Such 
as ftand upon high places near the fea- 
coaft, at the time of hernng-fiihing, to 
make figns to the fiffiers which way the 
ihole of herrings paileth. Co-wel. 

To CONDESCEND. 1^. n. [condefundre, 

I. To depart from the privileges of fupe- 
riority. Watts. 

"4. To confent to do more than mere juftice 
can require. Tilhtfon, 

3. To ftoop ; to bend 5 to yield. Milton. 

CONDESCE'NDENCE. /. [condejccndence y 
French]- Voluntary fubmiffion. 

CONDESCE'NDINCLY. ad. [from condef- 
cer.divg.~\ By way of voluntary humilia- 
tion ; by way of kind conceflion. 

CONDESCENSION. /. [from candefcend.] 
Voluntary humihation J defcent frotn' fu- 
periority. Ttlhtfon. 

COMDESCE'NSIVE. a. [ftom condefcefid.] 

CONDi'GN. a. [eondignus, Latin.] Suita- 
ble ; defetved ; merited. Arbuthnot. 

CONDJ'GNESS. /. [from ctndign.'^ Suita- 
blenefs ; agreeablehefs to deftttts. 

CONDrCNLY. ad. [from condign.] De- 
fervedly ; according to rperit. 

CO'NDIMENT. /, [cor.dimerturif, Latin.] 
Seafoning ; fauce. Bacon. 

CONDISCI'PLE.y. [<ondife!f>ulus, Lat.] A 

To CO NDITE. -v. a. [ctnJio, Lat.] To 
pickle } topreferve by falls. TtJy'or. 

CO'NDJTEMENT. /. [from condite.] A 
cosjipofition of conktvcs, D'fl. 


CONDI'TION. /. [condition, Fr.] 

I. Quality; that by which any thing iS 
denominated good or bad. i^baiffpeare, 

S. Attribute ; accident j property. 


3. Natural quality of the mind ; temper j 
temperament. Sbakefpeare, 

4. Moral quality 5 virtue, or vice. 

Raleigh. South, 

5. State ; circumftances. Wake. 

6. Rank, Hbakefpeare. Clarendon, 

7. Stipulation ; terms of compaft. 

B. Jobnjon. Clarendon. 
?, The writing of agreement J compaft. 


To CONDI'TION. v. «. [from the noun.] 
To make terms j to flipulate. Donne. 

CONDI TIQNAL. a. [from condition.] By 
way of ftipulation ; not abfolute. Houtb. 

CONDl'TJONAL. /. [fronj the adjedive. j 
A limitation. Bacon. 

CONDITION A'LITY./. [from conditional.} 
Limitatico by certain terms. 

Decay of Piety. 

CONDITIONALLY. /. [from conditional.} 
With certain limitations j on particular 
tefms. South. 

CONDI'TIONARY. a. [from cenditwn.} 
Stipulated. Norris. 

ToCONDl'TIONATE. v.a. To regulate 
by certain conditions. Brown. 

CONDl'TIONATE. a. Eftablifhed on cer- 
tain terms. Hamn.ond. 

CCNDI'TIONED. a. [ftomcondition.] Havl 
jng i^ualities or properties good or bad. 


To CONDO'LE. -v. n. [condoho, Latin.] 
To lament with thofe that are in misfor- 
tune. Temple. 

To CONDOLE, v. a. To bewail with 
another. Dryden. 

CONDO'LEMENT. /. [ from condole. ] 
Grief ; forrow. Shakefpeare. 

CONDO'LENCE. /. [condoleance, French.] 
Grief for the forrovvs of another. Arbuthnot. 

A CONDO'LER. /. [from condole.] One 
that compliments another upon his misfor- 

CONDONATION. /. [condonatio, Lat.] 
A pardoning ; a forgiving. 

To CONDUCE, -v. n. [conduce, Lat.] To 
promote an end ; to contribute. 

Titlotfon. Nev}ton. 

To CONDUlCE. -v. a. To conduft. Wotton, 

CONDU'CIBLE. a. [conducibilis, Latin.] 
Having the power of conducing. Bentley. 

CONDU'CIBLENESS. /. [from conducible.] 
The quality of contributing to any end. 

CONDU'CIVE. a. ffrorn conduce.] That 
which may contribute to any end. Rogers. 

CONDU'CIVENESS. /. [from conducive.] 
The quality of conducing. 



CO'NDUCT. /. [conduit, F..] 

I. Management ; (Economy. Bacin. 

7.. The aiEl of leading troops. Waller. 

3. Convoy f efcorte J guard, \ EJdrai. 

4. A warrant by which a convoy is ap- 

5. Behaviour ; regular life. S-wift. 
ToCONJJUCT. -u. a, [conJuire, French.] 

1. To lead j to dired j to accompany in 
order to /hew the way. Milton. 

2. To attend in civility. Sbnkefpeart. 

3. To manage ; as, to conduEt an affair . 

4. To head an army. 
CONDUCTI'TIOUS. a. [conduaitius, Lat,] 

Hired. j^yliffe. 

CONDU'CTOR. /. [from cerdua.] 

I. A leader; one who fhews another the 
way by accompanying him. Dryden, 

a. A chief; a general. 

3. A manager ; a direftor. 

4. An inilrument to direft the knife in 
cutting. ^uincy. 

CONDUCTRESS. /. [from condua.] A 
woman that dire£ls. 

CO'NDUIT. /. [conduit, French.] 

I. A canal of pipes for the conveyance of 
waters. Da-viet, 

1. The pipe or cock at which water is 
drawn. Sbakeffeare, 

CONDUPLICA'TION. /. [ condupluatio, 
Latin.] A doubling. 

CONE. /. [ xw®-. J A folid body, of 
which the bafe is a circle, and which ends 
in a point. 

To CONFA'BULATE. v. ». [confabuh, 
Lat.] To talk eafily together ; to chat. 

CONFABULATION./, [confabulatio, Lat.] 
Eafy converfation. 

CONFA'BULATORY. a. [from confabu- 
late. '\ Belonging to talk. 

CONFARREA'TION. /. [ confarreatio, 
Lat.] The folcmnization of marriage by 
eating bread together. Ayliffc. 

To CONFE'CT. -v. a. [confaus, Latin.] 
To make up into fweetmeats. 

CO'NFECT. /. [from the verb.] A f weet- 

CONFECTION. /. [confeHio, Latin.] 

1. A preparation of fruit, with fugar ; a 
fweetmeat. Addijon. 

2. A eompofition ; a mixture. Shahefpeare. 
CONFE'CTIONARY. /. [from corfaion.'^ 

One whofe trade is to make (weetmeatf . 
CONFE'CTIONER. /. [from confeaion.} 

One whofe trade is to make fweetmeats. 

CONFE'DERACY. /. [ccnj.-deration, Fr.] 

League ; unfion^ engagement. Sbakefpeare. 
To CONFE'DERATE. v. a. [con/ederer, 

French.] To join in a league j to unite ; 

to all;, Knotltt, 


To CONFE'DERATE. v. n. To league j 

to un\te in league. South. 

CONFE'DERATE. a. [from the verb.] 

United in a league, Pfalmt. 

CONFE'DERATE. /. [from the verb.] 

One who engages to fupport another ; an 

ally, Dryden, 

CONFEDERA'TION./. [tonfederation, Fr.] 

League ; alliance. Bacon. 

To CONFER. 1/, «. {confero, Lat.] To 

difcourfe with another upon a ftated fub- 

jeft. Clarendon. 

To CONFE'R. -v. a. 

t. To compare; Raleigh. Boyle, 

Zi To give ; to beftow. 

Clarendon. Tillotfon. 

3. To contiibute ; to conduce. Glan-vile. 
CO'NFERENCE, /. {conference,] French.] 

1. Formal difcourfe ; oral difculFikn of any 
queftion. Sidney, 

2. An appointed meetitig for difcufling 
fome point. 

3. Cimparifon. Ajcbam, 
CONFE'RRER. /. [from«n/fr.] 

1. He that converfes. 

2. He that befiows. 

To CONFESS; -v. a. [ctnfejfer. Fr.] 

I. To acknowledge a crime, SI akrfptare, 
a. To difclofe the ftate of the conlcience 
to the prieft. PFake, 

3. To hear the confefiion of a penitent, 
as a prieft. 

4. To own ; to avow ; not to deny. Matt, 

5. To grant ; not to difpute, Locke, 

6. To (hew ; to prove ; to atteft. Pope. 
To CONFE'SS. -v. n. To mike confefiion ; 

as, be is ^ore to the prie/i to conffs. 
CONFE'SSEDLY. eid. [ from confj/ed. ] 

Avowedlv ; indifputably. South. 

CONFE'SSiON. /. [(romcon/ejs.'j 

1. The acknowledgment ot a crime. 


2. The a£l of difburdening the confcience 
to a prieft. JVake. 

3. Profeffion ; avowal. i T/>». 

4. A formulary in which the articles of 
faith are comprifed. 

CONFESSIONAL. /. [French.] Thefest 
in which the confeffor fits. Addifon. 

CONFE'SSION ARY./. [conf.Jioraire , Fr.] 
The feat, where the prieft fits to hear cgn- 

CO'NFESSOR. /. [conftjfeur, French.] 

1. One who makes proteflion of his fjith 
in thi face of danger. Stilltngfieet, 

2. He that hears confeffions, and prefcnbc* 
penitence. Taylor, 

3. He who confefTes his crimes. 
CONFE'ST. a. Open ; known ; not con. 

cealed ; Race, 

C0NFE'6TLY. tfi, Uniiifputably ; evi. 

dently. Decay of Piety, 

A aa CONFl'. 


CONFI'CIENT. a. That caufes or pro- 
cures. Diti' 

CONFIDANT. /. [confident, French.] A 
perfon trufted with private affairs. 


To CONFIDE, f . ». [confido, Latin.J To 
truft in ; to put truft in. Congre-ve. 

CO'NFIDENCE. /. [confidentla, Latin.] 
1. Firm belief of another. South. 

a. Truft in his own abilities or fortune. 


3. Vitious boldnefs. Qppofed to modefty. 


4. Honeft boldnefs J firmnefs of integrity. 

2 Efdras. MiUon, 

5. Truft in the goodnefs of another. \Jo. 

6. That which gives or caufes confidence. 
CO'NflDENT. a. [from confide. \ 

I. AfTured beyond doubt. Hammond. 

■2. Pofitive ; affirmative j dogmatical. 

3. Secure of fuccefs. Hidney. South, 

4. Without fufpicion ; trufting without 
limits. Sbakejpeare. 

5. Bold to a vice j impudent. 
CONFIDENT. /. [from confide.] One 

trufted with fecrcts. South. 

CO'-NFIDENTLY. ad. [ham confident.] 
I. Without doubt ; without fear. 


a. With firm truft. Drydett. 

3. Without appearance of doubt ; pofi- 

tively ; dogmatically. Ben. Johnjon. 

CO'NFIDENTNESS, /. [from confident.] 

CONF.IGURA'TION. /. [atfiguratiotifFr.] 
J, The form of the various parts, adapt- 
ed to each other. JVoodivari, 
1. The face of the hotofcope. 
To CONFI'GURE. v. a. [from figura, 
Latin, j To difpofe into any form, 


CO'NFINE. /. \confinh, Lat.] Common 

boundary ; border 5 edge. L%de. 

CO'NFINE. a. {confina, L-atin.] Bordering 

To CONFINE, f. »• To border upon ; to 
touch on different territories. Milton. 

To CONFl'NE. f. a. {confiner. Ft.] 
I. To bound ; to limit. 
1. To ihut up J to imprifon j to immure. 
3. To reftrain ; to tie up to. Dryden. 

CONFI'NELESS. fl. [horn confine.] Bound- 
Iftfs ; unlimited. Shahejjxare. 

CONFl'NEMENT. /. [from confine.] Im- 
prifonment ; reftraint of liberty. Addtjon. 
CONFl'NER. /. [from confine.] 

1. A borderer i one that lives upon con- 



2. A near neighbour. 

3. Ofie which touches upon two 





CONFI'NITY. /. [««//i;to, Latin,] Near- 
nefs. Diff. 

To CONFI'RM, -v. a. [confirmo, Latin.] 
I. To put part doubt by new evidence. 

a. To fettle ; to eftablilh. j Mac, Shak. 

3. To fix ; to radicate. fVifeman. 

4. To complete j to petfeft. Shakefpeare, 

5. To ftrengthen by new folemnities or 
ties. Sivift. 

6. To admit to the full privileges of a 
Chriftian, by impofition of hands. 


CONFI RMABLE. a. [ftom confirm.] That 

which is capable of inconteftible evidence. 


CONFIRMA'TION. /. [from confitm.] 

1. The aft of eflabliftiing any thing or 
perfon ; fettlement. Shakefpeare, 

2. Evidence } additional proof. Knollet, 

3. Proof ; convincing teftimony. South, 

4. An ecclefiaftical rite. Hammond. 
CONFIRMA'TOR. Anattefterj he that 

puts a matter paft doubt. Brown, 

CONFI'RMATORY. a, [from confirm.] 

Giving additional teftimony. 
CONFI'RMEDNESS. /. [from corfirmed-l 
Confirmed ftatc. Decay of Piety, 

CONFI'RMER. /, [from confirm.] One 
that confirms j an attefter ; an eftabli/her. 
CONFI'SCABLE. a. [from confifcate.] Lia- 
ble to forfeiture. 
To CONFl'SCATE. v. a. [confifquer.] To 
transfer private property to the publick, by 
way of penalty. Bacon, 

CONFl'SCATE. a. [ from the verb. ] 
Transferred to the publick as forfeit. 


CONFISCA'TION./. [itom confifcate.] The 

aft of transferring the forfeited goods of 

triminnls to publick ufe. Bacon, 

CO'NFITENT. /. [confiten:, Latin.] One 

confeflinp. Decay of Piety, 

CO'NFITURE. /. French.] A fweetmeat ; 

a confeftion. Bacon, 

To CONFI'X. v.a. confixum, Latin.] To 

fix down. Shakefpeare. 

CONFLA'GRANT. a. [confiagrans, Lat,] 

Involved in a general fire. Milton. 

CONFLAGRA'TION. /. confiagratio, Lat.] 

1. A general fire. Bentley, 

2. It is taken for the fire which /hall con- 
fume this world at the confummation. 

CONFLA TION. /. [ confiatum, Latin, ] 
I. The aft of blowing many inftruments 
together. Bacon. 

n, A cafling or melting of metal. 

CONFLE'XURE. /. {corpxura, Latin.] A 

To CONFLICT, v. ». [««^;^o, Lat.] To 
iliivej to conteft j to fight ,- to flruggle. 


A CONFLICT. /. [corfitSlui, Latin.] - 
I. A violent coJlifion, or oppofition. 

a. A combat ; a fight between two. 


3. Conteft ; ftrife ; contention. Shakejp. 

4. Struggle ; agony ; pang. Regtn, 
CO'NFLUENCE. /. [corfiuo, Latin.] 

I. The jundion or union of feveral ftreams, 

Ralcigb. Brereiuood, 

4. The a£l of crowding to a place. Bacon. 

3. A concourfe ; a multitude. Temple. 

CO'NFLUENT. a. [confuens, Ld.t.'] Runn- 
ing one into another ; meeting. Blackmore, 

CO'NFLUX. /. [corfluxio, Latin.] 
J. The union of feveral currents. 

1. Crowd ; multitude collefted. Milton. 

CONFO'RM. a. [confonms, Latin,] Affum- 
ing the fame form ; refembling. Bacon, 

To CONFO'RM. -J. a. [conformo, Latin.] 
To reduce to the like appearance with 
fomething elTe. Hooker, 

To CONFO'RM. v. n. To comply with. 


CONFO'RM ABLE. a. [from conform.] 
I. Having the fame form ; fimiiar. Hooker, 
a. Agreeable j fuitable j not oppofite. 

3. Compliant \ ready to follow diredions ; 
obfequious. Sprat. 

CONFO'RMABLY. ad. [from conformable.] 
With conformity ; fuitably. Locke. 

CONFORMATION./. French ; conforma- 
tion Latin.] 

1. The form of things as relating to each 
other. Holder. 
a. The aft of producing fuitablenefs, or 
conformity. Wattt, 

CONFO RMIST. /. [from covform.'\ One 
that complies with the wor/hip of the 
church of England. 

CONFORMITY. /. [from ««/im.] 

2. Similitude ; refemblance. 

Hooker. Addifon. 

*. Confiflency. Arbutbnot. 

CONFORTA'TION. /. [from conforto, Lat,] 

Collation of ftrength. Baton, 

To CONFOUND, m. a. [confondre, Fr.] 

1. To mingle things. Genejis. 

2. To perplex j to mention without due 
diftin<flion. Locke. 

3. To difturb theapprehenfion by indiftinft 
words. Locke. 

4. To throw into confternation ; to per- 
plex ; to aflonifh j to ftupify. Milton. 

5. Todeftroy. Daniel. 
CONFO'UNDED. fjrt. a. [from confound.] 

Hateful ; deteftable. Greiu. 

CONFOUNDEDLY, ad. [(torn confounded.] 

Hatefully ; (hamcfuUy. Addifon, 

CONFO'UNDER. /. [irorr, confound.] He 

who diftorbS; perplwe?, cr deltroys. 


CONFRATE RNITY. /. [from con and/«r< 

. termtas, Laim.] A body of men united 
for fome religious purpofc, 

CONFRICA'TION. /. [from con ind/heo', 
Lat.] The il\ of rubbing againft any 
t'^'ng- Bjco,,. 

To CONFRONT, v. a. [corfronur, Fr.] 
I. To ftand againft another 111 lull viev^j 
»" f«<^C. Drydcn. 

I. To ftand face to face, in oppufiticn to 
another. Sid>iey. 

3. To oppofe one evidence ta another la 
open court. 

4. To compare one thing with another. 

_ Addifon. 

CONFRONTA'TION. /. [French] The 

aft of bringing two evidences face to face. 
To CONFUSE, -v. a. [confufus, Latin.] ■ 

I. Todiforder; to difperfe irregularly. 

i. To mix ; not to feparate. 

3. To perplex, not diftinguifh j to obfcure, 


4. To hurry the mind. Popr» 
CONFU'SEDLY. ad. [from confujed.] 

I. In a mixed mafs j without reparation. 

X. Indiftinftly j one mingled with another. 


3. Not clearly ; not plainly. Clarendon, 

4. Tumultuoudv J haftily. Dryden.. 
CONFU'SEDNESS. /. [ from confujed. 1 

Want of diftinftnefs j want of clearnefs. 
_ Narriu 

CONFU'SION. /. [from confuje.] 

1. Irregular mixture j tumultuous medly. 


2. Tumult. Hooker. 

3. Indiftinft combination. Locke, 

4. Overthrow ; deftruftion. Shakfpearc, 

5. Aflonilhment j difiraftion of mind. 

CONFUTABLE, a. [from confute.] Pofli. 

ble to be difproved. Brown 

CONFUTATION. /. [covfatctio, Latin.J 

The aft of confuting ; difprcof. 
To CONFU'TE. -v. a. [confuto, Latin.J 

To convift of errour j to difprove. 

„ , , , . Hudlbras, 

CONGE. /. [con^J, French.] 

1. Aft of reverence j bow 5 courtefy. 


2. Leave; farewel, ^pcnfcr. 
To CONGE, -v. n. To take leave. 

CO'NGE D'ELIRE. The king's peimifii- 
oa royal to a dean and chapter, in time of 
vacation, to chufe a bifhop. SpeS?a'cr„ 

CO'NGE. /, [In architefture.] A mould- 
ing in form of a quarter round, or a ca- 
'^etto. Chambfrs^ 

ToCONGE'AL. v. a. [ccngele, Latin.] 
J . To turn^ by frolt, from a iiuid to a £0^ 
J'd flate. Spenfer, 

». To 


2. To bind or fix, as by cold. Shakefpcare, 
To CONGEAL, v. n. To conciere, by 

cold. Burtiet. 

CONGE'ALABLE. ^. [frcm congeal.] Suf- 

ceptihle of congelation. Bacon, 

CONGE'ALMENT./. [from congeal.] The 

clot formed by congelatiorl. Sbakejpeare. 
CONGELATION, /i liromcovgsal.] State 

of being congealed, or made foiid. 

Arhuthnot. Bro-wn. 
CONGE'NER. f. [Latin.] Of the fame 

kind or nature. Miller. 

CONGE'NEROUS. a. {congener^ Latin.] 

Of the fame kind. Brown. Arbutbnot, 
CONGE'NEROUSNESS. /. [from conge- 

tieroui.] The quality of being from the 

fame original. 
CONGE'NIAL. a. f «« and genius, Lat.] 

Partaking of the fame genius ; cognate, 
IVotton. Pope. 
CONGENIA'LITV. /. [from congenial.] 

Cognation of mind. 
CONGE'NIALNESS. /. [from congenial] 

Cognation of mind. 
CONGE'NITE. a. [congenitui, Latin.] Of 

the fame birth ; connate. Uak. 

CO'NGER. {■ [congrus, Latin,] The fea- 

eel. I'^a/ton. 

CONGE'RIES. /. [L^ti.n.] A mafs of fmall 

bodies heaped up together. Boyle. 

ToCONGE'ST. v. a. [congfjlum, Lmn.] 

To heap up. 
CONGE'STIBLE. a. [from congejl.] That 

may be heaped up. 
CONGE'STION. /. [congejlio, La,tin.] A 

colle<£\ion of matter, as inabfcefTes. Sluincy. 
CO'NGIARY. /. [(ongiarium, Lat.] A gift 

diftributed to the Roman people or foldiery. 


To CONGLA'CIATE. i'. n. [conglaaatus, 

Latin.] To turn to ice. Brown. 

CONGLACLVTION./. [from corglaci^/e.] 

Aft of changing into ice. Brown. 

To CONGLO'BATE. -v. a. [conghbatus, 

Latin.] To gather into a hard firm ball. 


CONGLO'BATE. a. Moulded into a firm 

ball. aeyne. 

CONGLO'BATELY. ad. In a fpherical 


CONGLOBA'TION. /. [from canglobate.] 
A round body. Brown. 

ToCONGLO'BE. i'. a. {conglobo, Latin.] 
To gather into around mafs. Pope, 

To CONGLO'BE. -v. n. Tocoalefce into a 
round mafs. Milton. 

To CONGLO'MERATE. -v. a. [cong:o. 
mere, Lat.] Ts gather into a ball, like a 
bail of thread. Grew. 

CONGLOMERATE, a. [from the verb.] 
I. Gathered mto a round ball, fo as that 
the fibres are diftinft. Cheyne, 

a. Collected j twilled together, 


CONGLOMERATION. /. [from congk' 
ttierate, ] 

1. Colledlion of matter into a loofe ball. 

2. Fntertexture ; mixture. Bacon. 
To CONGLUTINATE. -v. a. [conglutino, 

Lafm.] To cement ; to reunite. 

To CONGLUTINATE. -v. n. To coalefce. 

CONGLUTINATION. /. [from congluti- 
fiate.] The aft of uniting wounded bo- 
dies. Arbutbnot. 

CONGLU'TINATIVE. a. [from congluti- 
natc] Having the power of uniting 

CONGLUTINA'TOR. /. [from congluti- 
nate.] That which has the power of unit- 
ing woundf. Woodivard. 

CONGRA'TULANT. a. [from congratu- 
late.] Rejoicing in participation. Milton, 

To CONGRA TULATE. f. a, [graru'or, 
Latin.] To compliment upon any happy 
event. Sprat. 

To CONGRATULATE, v, n. To rejoice in 
participitation. Swift. 

CONGRATULATION. /, [from congratu- 

I. The aft of profefling joy for the happi- 
nefs or fuccefs of another, 
a. The form in which joy is profefTed. 

CONGRATULATORY, a. [from congrJ^ 
tulaie.] Exprefling joy for the good of 

To CONGRE'E. -v. n. To agree ; to join. 

To CONGRE'ET. v. n. [from con and 
greet.] To falure reciprocally. Shakefpeare, 

To CO'NGREGATE. -v. a. [congrego, Lat.] 
To coUeft ; to aflemble ; to bring into 
one place. Raletgb. Newton. 

To CO'NGREGATE. f. «. Toairemblej 
to meet. Denham. 

CONGREGATE, a. [ from the verb. ] 
Collefted ; compaft. Bacon, 

CONGREGATION. /. [from congregate.] 

1. A coileftion j a mafs brought together. 


2. An aflembly met to worfhip God in 
pubhck. Hooker. Swift. 

CONGREGATIONAL, a. [from congre. 
gation.] Pubiick j pertaining to a con- 

CO'NGRESS. /. [songreffus, Lat.] 

1 . A meeting ; a Ihock ; a conflift. 


2. An appointed meeting for fettlement of 
affairs between different nations. 

CONGRE'SSIVE. a. \itomcongrefi.] Meet- 

ing ; encountering 


To CONGRU'E. f. «. [from congruo, Lat.] 
To agree ; to be confident with ; to fuit. 
a bakefpearf. 

CO'NGRUENCE. /. [congruentia, Latin, j 

Agreement j fuitablenels of one thing to 

another. _ ,., 


C O N 

CCyNGRUENT. a. [ congruent, Latin, ] 
Agreeing ; correfpondent. Cheyne. 

CONGRU'lTY. /. [from eovgrue.'] 

1. Suitablenefs ; agreeablenefs. ClanvilU. 

2. Fitnefs ; pertinence. 

3. Confequence of argument ; reafon ; 
confiftency. Hooker. 

CO'NGRUMENT. /. [from covgrue.] Fit- 
nefs ; adaptation. Bea. Johvfon, 
CO'NCRUOUS. a. [congruus, Latin.] 

I. Agreeable to J confident with. Loch. 

a. Suitable to j accommodated to. Cheyne. 

3. Rational j fit, Aiterbury. 

CONGRUOUSLY, ad. [from congruous.'^ 

Suitably ; pertinently, Boyle. 

CO'NICAL. 7^. [conicus, Latin] Having 
CO'NICK. i the form of a cone. Prior. 
CO'NICALLY. ad. [from conical.] In 

form of a cone. Boyle. 

CO'NIC ALNESS. /, [From conical] the 

(late or quality of being conical, 
CONICK Seaion. f. A curve line arifing 

from the I'eftion of a cone bv a plane, 
CO'NIGK SeBiont. 7 /. That' of geo. 
Co NICK.S. 5 fnctry which confiders 

the cone, and the curves arifing from its 

To CONJE'CT. V. n. [conjcfim, Lit.] To 

giiefs i to conjefture, iibjk'fpeare. 

CONJE'CTOR. /. [fromca«/V3.] A guelT- 

er J a conjefturer. Sivift, 

CONJE'CTURABLE. a. [ftomconjeaure.] 

PoUible to be guelied. 
CONJE'CTURAL. a. [from conjeaure.l 

Depending on conjecture. Broom. 

CONJECTURA'LITY. /. [from conjeau- 

ral.] That wfeich depends upon guefs. 

CONJE'CTURALLY. ad. [from conje^u- 

rj/, ] By gutiV ; by coujefture. Hooker. 
CONJE'CTURE. /. [conjeBura, Latin.] 

1, Guefs; imperfeft knowledge. South, 

2. Idea ; notion ; conception. Shakefpeare, 
To CONJE'CTURE. v. a. [from the noun.] 

To guefs ; to judge by guefs. South. 

A CONJE'CTVRER. /. [from conjcawe.] 
A gueffer. Addifon. 

CONIFEROUS, a. [cotoi and fero, Lat.] 
Such trees are coniferous as bear a fruit, 
of a woody fobftance, and a figure approach- 
ing to that of a cone. Of this kmd are 
fir, pine. Quincv. 

To CONJO BBLE. -v. a. To concertT 


To CONJO'IN, -v. a. [conjoindre, Fr.] 

1. To unite j to confolidate into one, 


2. To unite in marriage, Shakefpeare. 

3. To afTociate ; to conneft. Taylor. 
To CONJO'IN. *. n. To league ; to unite, 

CQNJO'INT. a, Iconjolm, Fr,] ynited ; 


CONJO'INTLY, ad. [from conj.inf.] In 
union ; together, Broivn, 

CONJUGAL, a. [conjugalis, Lat,] Ma- 
trimonial 5 belonging to marriage, Sivift. 

CO'N JUG ALLY. ud. [from covjugaL] Ma. 
trimoniaily ; connubially. 

To CO'NJUOATE. -v. a. [conjugo, Lat. J 

1, To join f to join in marriage j to unite. 


2. To infleift verbs. 
CO'NJUGATE. /. [conjugatus, Latin.] A- 

greeing in derivation with another word. 

CONJUGATION. /. [conjugatio, Lat.] 

1. A couple; a pair. Brown. 

2. The adt of uniting or compiling things 
together, Bemley. 

3. Theformofinfleding verbs. Locke. 
4.. Union ; aifemblage, Taylor 

CONJUNCT.^, [cor,junau,,Lzt\n.] Coul 

joined ; concurrent ; united. Shakefpeare 

CONJU'NCTION. /. [conjuraio, Latin.] 

1. Union ; alfuciation ; league. Bacon, 

2. Tii3 congrefs of two planets in thefame 
degree of the zodiack, Rymer. 

3. A word made ufe of to conneft the 
claufcs of a period together. C'arke 

CONJUNCTIVE, a. {corjunai-vus, Latin.] 

1. Clofely united, Shakefpeare, 

2. [In grammar.] The mood of a verb. 
CONJU'NCTIVELY, ad. [from conjunH- 

ive.] In union. Brown. 

COXJU NCTIYENESS. /. [from conjuna. 

'•ve.] The quality of joining or uniting. 
CONJU XCTLY, ad. [ from conjuna. j 

Joiiitly ; together. 
CONJU'NCTURE. /. [ccnjonaure, Fr. ] 

1. Combination of many circunnilances. 

K. Char lei, 

2. Occafioji ; critical time. Clarendon. 

3. Mode of union ; connedion. Holder. 

4. ConJiftency, K.CharleSt 
CONJURATION. /: [from conjure.] 

1. The term or adt of fummoning another 
in fome facred name. Shakefpeare^ 

2. An incantation ; an enchantment, 


3. A plot ; a confpiracy. 

To CONJURE. 1/, a. [ccnjuro, Latin.] 

1, To fummon in a ifacred name. 


2. To confpire. Milton. 
To CO'NJURE. -v. n. To pradife charms 

or enchantments. Shakefpeare, 

CO'NJURER. /. [fiam conjure.] 

J. An enchanter. Donne, 

2. An impoftor who pretends to fecret 
arts ; a cunning man. ' Prior, 

3. A man of fhrewd conjedure, Addifsn. 
CONJU'REMENT. /. [from conjure.] Se- 
rious injunction. Milton. 

CONNA'SCENCE. /. [«nand nafcor, Lat.j 
2, Common birth J community of birth, 
a. The 


*. The aft of uniting or growing: toge- 
ther. W'tjeman, 
CONNA'TE. a. [from con and natus, Lat.] 

Born with another. South. 

eONNA'TURAL. a. [con and natural.^ 

I. Suitable to nature. Mitian. 

a. United with the being | conneded by 

nature. Do-vics. 

%. Partlcipitation of the fame nature, 

CONNATURA'LITY. /. [from connatural.} 

Participation of the fame nature. HaU. 
CONNA'TURALLY. ad. [from connatu- 

ral.} By the 2(51 of nature J originaliy. 

CONNA'TURALNESS. /. [from conratu- 

ral] Participation of the fame nature ; 

natural union. Peatfon, 

ToCONNE'CT. v. a. [conmao, Lit.] 

J. To join ; to link ; to unite, 'Boytc. 

a, To unite, as a cement. Locke. 

3. To join in a juft feriesof thought j as, 

the author conne£ls hit reajons luell. 
To CONNE'CT. v. n. To cohere ; to 

have juft relation to things precedent and 

CONNE'CTIVELY, ad. [from conma. ] 

In conjunftion j in union. 
To CONNE'X. -v. a. [connexum, Latin.] 

To join or link together. Ha/f . Vhtlifi. 
eONNE'XION. /. [ixom annex.] 

I. Union; junftion, Actirbury. 

1. Juft relation to fome thing precedent or 

• fubfequent. Blackmcre. 
CONNE'XIVE. a. [from conntx.] H?-!ng 

the force of conacx on. }^a:ti. 

CONNlCTA'flON./. [Jto^conniSio, Lat, J 
A winking. _ Dili. 

1. The act of winking. 
a. Voluntary blindnefs ; pretended igno- 
rance ; forbearance. iiouib. 

To CONNI'VE. f. n. [conniwo, Latin.] 
I. To wink. SfeSator. 

J. To pretend blindnefs or ignorance, 


CONNOISSE'UR. f. [French.] A judge; 

• a critick. S-u'r/t. 
To CONNOTATE, -v. a. [con and ncta, 

Lat.] To defignate fomething befides it- 
fglf_ Hanimsnd, 

CONNOTA'TION. /. [ from connotate. ] 
Implication of fomething befides itfelf. 


To CONNO'TE, -v. a. [con and nota, Lat.] 
To imply ; to betoken ; to include. 


CONNU'BIAL. a. [ connubialis, Latin, ] 
Matrimonial ; nuptial ; pertaining to mar- 
riage ; conjugal. Popt. 

CO'NOID. /. [xsDvosiS'nj.] A figure partak- 
ing of a cone. Holder. 

CONOI'DICAL. a. [from conoid.} Ap- 
proaching to a conick form. 


To CONQL'ASSATE. v. a. [coijujff.J ' 
To fhake ; to agitate. Ho'-vey. 

CONQUASSATION./. [from con^u^Jate.} 
A{;itation ; concufTion, 

To CO NOyER, •». a. [conquerir, Fr,] 

1. To gain by conqueft ; to I Mac. 

2. To overcome ; to fubdue. Smith. 

3. To furmount ; to overcome j as, be 
co':^ucred his rtluBance. 

To CO'NQUER, -v. n. To get the vifto- 
ry ; to overcome. Decay of Piety. 

CO'NQUERARLE. <j. [Uom conquer.] Poffi- 
ble to be overcome. Houtb. 

CCNQUEROR, /. [from conquer.'] 

J, A man that has obtained a victory ; a 

vittor. Shakefpeare. 

». One that fubdues and ruins countries. 


CONCiaJEST. /, [conjuejle, French.] 

I. The adl of conquering ; fubjeclion. Dav. 
Z. Acquifition by vidtory j thing gained, 

3. Vidory j fucrefs in arms, Addijon. 

CONSANGUINEOUS, a. [cenfanguineus, 
Lat.] Near of km ; related by birth, not 
ajhned. Shakefpeare, 

CONSANGUI'NITY, /. [ conjangumitai, 
Latin.] Relation by blood. South. 

CONSARCINATION. /. [from csnfara- 
KC.J The ict of patching together, 

CO'NSCIENCE. /. [conjcieniia, Latin.] 
I, The knowledge or faculty by which we 
judge of the goodnefs or wickednefs of our- 
felves, ' Spenfer, 

a. Juftice ; the eflimate of confcience. 

Knolles. Stvift, 

3. Confcioufnefs ; knowledge of our own 
thoughts or aflions. Hooker. 

4. Real fentiment ; veracity ; private 
thoughts. Clarendon. 

5. Scruple ; difficulty, Taylor, 

6. Reafon ; reafonablenefs, S'^ift, 
CONSCIE'NTIOUS. a. [from confcience.} 

Scrupulous; exaftJy juft, L'E/lrange. 

CONSCIE'NTIOUSLY. ad. [from confaen- 
tious.] According to the diredion cf con- 
fcience. L'EJirange. 

CONSCIE'NTIOUSNESS. /. [from confci- 
entiou!.'\ ExaClnefs of juftice, Locke. 

CO'NSCIONABLE. a. [from confcience.} 
Reafonable ; juft. Shakefpeare, 

CO'NSCIONABLENESS./, [from confcion. 
able. I Equity ; reafonablenefs. 

CO'NSCIONABLY. ad. [ixomconfcionabk.\ 
Reafonahly ; juftly, Taylor, 

CONSCIOUS, a. [confcius, Latin.] 

I. Endowed with the power of knowing 
one's own thoughts and a£Iions. Bentley. 
Z. Knowing from memory. Drydcn. 

3. Admitted to the knowledge of any 
thing. - Bentley. 

4. Beajting witnefs by confdence to any 
thing. ■ Clarendons, 


C O N 

CO'NSCIOUSLY, ad. { from corfdous. ] 
With knowledge of one's own adtions. 

CO'NSCIOUiNESS. /, [from anfcious.} 

1. The perception of what paffes in a 
man's oivn mind. Locke, 

2. Internal fenfe of guilt, or innocence. 

Covernment of the 'lovgue. 
CO'NSCRIPT. a. A term ufed in fpeak- 

ing of the Roman fenators, who we;e 

called Patrei confcripti. 
CONSCRIPTION./, [confcriptlo, Latin.] 

An DiB. 

To CO'NSECRATE. ii. a. [cor.Juro, Lat.] 

I. To mike facred j to appropriate to fa- 

cted ufes. Hebreivs, 

3. To dedicate inviolably to fome particu- 
lar purpofe. Numbers, 
3. To canonize, 

• CO'NSECRATE. a. Confecrated ; facred. 


CO'NSECRATER. /. [from confurate.-] 
One that performs the rites by which any 
thing is devoted to facred purpofes. 


CONSECRA'TION. /. [from cor,jceraxe.'\ 
I. A rice of dedicating to the fervice of 
God, Booker, 

a. The a£l of declaring one holy. Hale, 

CO'NSECTARY. a. [from cor.feajrius, Lat.] 
Confequent ; confequential. Bioiun. 

CO'NSECTARY. /. Dsduaion from pre- 
mifes ; corollary. IVood-ivard.- 

CONSECU'TION. /. {confecutio , Latin.] 

1. Train of conlcquences j chain of de- 
duftions. Hale, 

2. SucceiTion. Neti-ton. 

3. [In aftronomy.] The month of f5?./f- 
cution, is the fpace between one conjundtion 
of the moon with the fun unto another. 

CONSE'CUTIVE. a, [corfautif, Fr.] 

1. FollowTng in train. Arbuihnct, 

2. Confequential ; regularly fucceeding. 


ToCONSE'MINATE. -v. a. [confemh.o, 
Lat,] To fow different feeds together. 

CONSE'NSION. /. {conjenfio, Lat,] Agree- 
ment ; accord. Beniley, 

CONSE'NT. /. [corifenfu,, Latin.] 

1. The adt of yielding or confenting. 

King Char/.'!. 

2. Concord; agreement; accora. C'jivl.y. 

3. Coherence with j correfpondence. 


4. Tendency to one point. Pope, 

5. The perception one part has of an.ther, 
by means of fome fibres and nerves com- 
mon to (hem both. Shiiacy, 

To CONSE'NT. -y. «. [conjcntio, Latin.} 
1. To be of the fame mind ; to agree. 
a. To co-operate to the fame ead. 


3. To yield ; to allow ; to admit. Cen-fis, 
CONSENTA'NEOUS.a. [anjemaneus, Lat.] 

Agreeable to ; confiftent with. Hsmmond. 
CON3EN TA'NEOUSLY. ad, [from con- 

fentaneou!. J Agreeably j confiflently ; 

luitably, Boyle, 


fentaneoui. ] Agreement ; confidence. D.S. 
CONSE'NTIENT. a. [confimiem, Lati.i.J 

Agreeing; united in opinion, 

Oxford Reafons a^airfl the Co-venart. 
CO'NSEQUENCE. /. {c^^uenua, Lat.] 

1. That which follows from any caufe or 

2. Event ; effea of a caufe. Milton. 

3. Dedudtion ; conclufion. D.cay of Piety. 

4. The laft propofition of a fyilogifm in- 
troduced by therefore j as, what is com- 
rnanded by our Sa-viaur is our duly : prayer 
is commanded, therefore prayer is sur dutv. 


5. Concatenation of caufes and effects. 


6. Influence ; tendency. Hsmmond, 

7. Importance ; moment. Stvift. 
eO'NSEQUENT. a. [corfquens, Lat.j 

1. Follov.'ing by rational deduaion. 

2, Following as the eftea of a canfc, 

„ , Locke, 


1. Coniequence ; that which follows from 
previous propofitions. 1 Hooker. 

2. Effect J that which follows an afting 
caufe. DcTviez. 

CONSEQUE'NTIAL. a, [from confequ-:nt.-l 

1. Produced by the neceJIary concatena- 
tion of eifefts to caufes. Prior, 

2. Conclufii'e. Hal' 
CONSEQUE'NTIALLY, ad. [from conjc^ 

quential. ] 

1. With juft dedudion of confequpn'-pc. 

4. By confequence ; eventually. i>o''uiL-. 

3. In a regularferies. .Aidilcfi, 
CONSEQUENTIALNESS. /. [from cor.fc. 

quential. j Regular confecutijn of u.f- 
cou rfe. > 

CO NSEQUENTLY. ad. [fro-n confequen- .^ 

1. By confequence i neceilarijy ; inevit- 
ably. Wood-juard. 

2. In confequence; purfuantly. Sovih. 
CON'SEQUF.NTNESS.7-. [fromm/-y«f„r.] 

Regular cnnnedlion. D ?fy 

COXSE'RVABLE. a, {ir^mcorfer-vo, Lat.] 

C'.pable oi being kept. 
CONiE'RVANCY. /. Courts held by the 

Lord Miycr of London for the preferva- 

tion of the filliery. 
CONSERVA.TION. /. {confer-vati^, Lat.] 

I.- The act of prefervifig ; continuance; 

prOtecti'on. li^oodivard. 

a. Prefervation from iiorruption. Bacon, 
2 ^ CON- 

€ O N 

CONSE'RVATIVE. ad. [from conjeyvo, 
Lat.] Having the power of oppofing di- 
minution or injury. Peacham. 
CONSERVA'TOR. /. [Latin.] Preferver. 
CONSE'RVATORY. /. [from f5«>ri(>,Lat.] 
A place where any thing is kept. 

CONSE'RVATORY. a. Having a prefer- 

vative quality. 
To C0N5E'RVE. -v. a. [conferva, Lat.] 
2. To preferve without lofs or detriment. 
2. To candy or pickle fruit. 
CONSE'RVE. /. [from the verb.] 

I. A fweetmeat made of the infpiffated 
juices of fruit. Dennis. 

a. A confervatory, E-velyn. 

CONSE'RVER, /. [from confervs.'] 

1. A layer up ; a repoGter. Hayward. 

2. A preparer of confer ves. 
CONSE'SSICN. /. [confeffio, Lat.] A fit- 
ting together. 

CONSESSOR. /. [Latin.] One that fits 

with others. 
To CONSIDER, -v. a. [canjijero, Lat.] 

I. To tlvink upon with care j to ponder ; 

to examine. SpeBator. 

3. To take into the view } not to omit 
■* in the examination. Temple, 

3. To have regard to j to refpeft. 


4. To requite j to reward one for his 
trouble. Sbakeffenre. 

To CONSI'DER. -v. ti. 

I. To think maturely. Ifaiab. 

a. To deliberate j to work in the mind. 


5. To doubt ; to hefitate. Shakcfpeare. 
CONSI'DERABLE. a. [homconfider.] 

1. Worthy of confideration ; worthy of 
regard and attention. Tillotjon. 

2. Refpectable } above negleft. Sprat. 

3. Important ; valuable. Decay of Piety, 

4. More than a little ^ amiddie fenfe be- 
tween little and pyeat. Clarendon, 

GONSl'DERABLENESS. /. [iromconfider- 
able.] Importance j dignity; moment; 
value ; defert ; a claim to notice. Boyle. 

CONSI'DER ABLY. ad. [homconJideraN;.] 
J. In a degree deferving notice. Rojcotnmon. 
I. With importance ; importantly. Pope. 

GONSl'UERANCE./. [Uomco'-ftder.'] Con- 
fideration ; refledian. ihakcfpeare. 

■ eONSi'DSRATE. a. [confideratus, Lat.] 
I. SerioM ; prudent; not rafli. I'i'loijan, 
a. Having lefpocl to, regardful. 

Decay of Piety, 

<i.. Moderate ; not rigorous, 

CGNSI'DERATELY. cd, Ifromconf derate.] 

Calmly ; coolly. Bacon. 

CONSIDtRATENESS. /. [from canjide- 

raii.] PfuJenee, 

•C O N 

CONSIDERA'TION. /. [from cs>ifder.\- 
1. The a£t of confidering ; regard ; no- 
tice. Locke. 
a. Mature thought ; prudence. Sidney. 

3. Contemplation ; meditation. Sidney, 

4. Importance ; claim to notice 5 worthi- 
nefs of regard. Add; Jon. 

5. Equivalent ; compenfation. Hay, 

6. Motive of adlion ; influence, darendosi. 

7. Reafon ;> ground of concluding. Hooker. 

8. [In law.] Confideration is the mate, 
rial caufe of a contraift, without which 
no contract bindeth. Coiuel, 

CONSI'DERER. f. A man of reflexion. 

Goiiernment of the Tongue. 
ToCONSrON. v.a. [corfigno, Latin.] 

1. To give to another any thing. South, 

2. To appropriate j to quit for a certain 
purpofe. Addifon, 

3. To commit ; to entruft, AddijiW, 
To CONSI'GN. i>. n. 

1, To yield j to fubmit j to refign. 

2. To fign ; to confent to. Shakcjpeare, 
CONSIGNATION. /. [from confgn.] 

1. The afl; of configning. Taylor. 

2. The aft of figning. Tayhr, 
CONSI'GNMENT. /. [from confign.'\ 

I. The a£t of configning. 

a. The writing by which any thing is co.!- 

CONSi'MILAR. a. [from eonfimilis, LaCj ' 

Having one common refemblance. 
To CONSrST. -v. 71. {corfiflo, Lat.] 

1. To fublift ; not to perifh. Coloffians. 

2. To continue fixed J without diiripation, 

g. To be comprifed j to be contained. 


4. To be compofed. Burnet, 

5. To agree ; not to oppofe. Clarendon, 

1. State with refpedl to material exigence. 

2. Degree of den fenefs or rarity. ^r^tf^i^war. 

3. Subftancej form j make. South. 

4. Agreem.ent with itfelf, or with any 
other thing. _ Addijon. 

5. A ftate in which things continue 5br 
fome time at a ftand. Chambers, 

CONSISTENT, a. [corfiftens, Latin.] 

1. Not contradidory j not oppofed. South, 

2. Firm; not fluid. IVoodivard. 
CONSrSTENTLY. ad^ [from con/ijlent.'] 

Without contradidion ; agreeably. Broome. 

CONSISTO'RIAL. a. [hotncotfljiory] Re- 
lating to the ecclefiaflical court. Ayliffe. 

CO'NSlsrORY. /. [confif.irium, Lat.] 

1. The place of juftice in the court 
Chriftian. Hooker. South. 

2. The alfembly of cardinalSr Atter-iiury, 
%,, Anv fokmn alfembl)'. MtUan. 
^ 4. Placs 

ENCE. 7 f. {confiflemia y lew 
ENCY. 5 Latin.] 


4. Place of refidence, Slakefpeare, 

CONSO'CIATE. /. [from coifocio, Latin.] 

An accomplice J a confederate j a partner. 


To CONSO'CIATE. -v. a. [cc^foao, Lat.] 

I. To unite ; to join, IVoiton, 

«. To cement ; to hold together, Burnet, 
To CONSO'CIATE, i>, «. To coalefce j 

to unite. Betitley. 

CONSOCIA'TION. /. [from covjociate.] 

1. Alliance. Ben. Johnjon, 

2. Union j intimacy ; companion/hip. 

CDNSO'LABLE, a. [from ron/o/e] That 

which admits comfort. 
To CO'NSOLATE. -v. a. [^confo'or, Latin.] 

To comfort ; to confole. Broivn, 

CONSOLATION. /. [corfohmo, Latin.] 

Comfort j alleviation of mifery. Bacon, 


CONSOLA'TOR. /. [Latin.] A comforter. 

CONSOLATORY. /. [from co>iJo!ate.'\ A 

fpeech or writing containing topicks of 

comfort. Milion, 

CONSO'LATORY. a, [from coifolate.] 

Tending to give comfort. 
To CONSO'LE. V. a. To comfort; to 

cheer. Pope, 

CONSO'LE. f. [French.] In architeaure, 

a part or member projeding in manner of 

a bracket. Cbambers. 

CONSO'LER. /. [from confo!e,'\ One that 

gives comfort. Warburton. 

CONSO'LIDANT. a, [from consolidate.'^ 

That which has the quality of uniting 

To CONSO'LIDATE. -v. a. [confiUJer, Fr.] 

1. To form into a compact and folid body ; 
to harden. Burnet, ^rbuthnot, 

2. To combine two parliamentary bills 
into one. 

To CONSO'LIDATE. 'v, n. To grow firm, 

hard, or folid. Bacon. JVoodivard. 

CONSOLIDA'TION. /. [from cotfolidate.] 

1, The aft of uniting into a folid mafs. 

7., The annexing of one bill in parliament 

to another. 

3. The combining two benefices in one. 

CO'NSONANCE. 1 r r r 
eO'NSONANCY. 5 J' {""/""""ce, Fr.] 
I. Accord of found. Wotton, 

a. Confiflency 5 congruence. Hammond. 
3. Agreement} concord j frienddiip. 

CO NSONANT. a, [cor.fonans, Lat,] Agree- 
able ; according 5 confiftent. Hooker. 
CONSONANT. /. [conjoiam, Latin.] A 
letter which cannot be founded by itfelf. 
CONSONANTLY, ad. [from consonant.] 
OonfiilgRtly J agreeably. Hooker, •jil/ttfon. 


CO'NSONANTNESS. /. [from eonfonant.-] 
Agreeablenefs ; confiftency. 

CO'NSONOUS. a. [confinus, Latin.] Agree- 
ing in found ; fymphonious. 

CONSOPIA'TION. /. [from confopio, Lat J 
The aft of laying to lleep. Dtgby» 

CO'NSORT. /. [confors, Latin.] 

1. Companion ; partner. Denbam, 

2. An aflembly 5 a divan j a confultation. 


3. A number of inflruments playing to- 
gether. Ecc'us, 

4. Concurrence ; union. Atterbury, 
To CONSORT, -v. n. [from the noun.J 

To afTnciate with. Dryden, 

To CONSORT. V. a. 

1. To join; to mix j to marry. He with 
his coiifo'ted Eve. Milton. Locke, 

2. To accompany. Shakefpeare, 
CONSORT ABLE. a. [from confort.} To 

be compared with ; fuitable. Wotton. 

CONSO'RTiON. /. [cenfonio, Lat.] Part- 

nerfhip ; focietv. 
CONSPE'CTABLE. a. [from fo«//5fiS«j,Lat. J 

Eafy to be feet}, 
CONSPECTU ITY. /. [coK/psflut, Latin.] 

Senfe of feeing. Shakefpeare. 

CONSPE'RSION. /. [confperjio, Lat.J A 

fprinkling about. 
CONSPICU'ITY. /. [ from confpicuous. J 

Brightnefs j favourablenefs to the light, 

CONSPICUOUS, a. [confpicuus, Latin.] 

1. Obvious to the fight j feen at dift.ince. 


2. Eminent ; famous 3 diilinguifhed. 

CONSPI'CUOUSLY. ad, [from confpisuous.J 

1. Obvioufly to the view. Wattt, 

2. Eminently ; famouflv ; rpmarkably. 
CONSPI'CUOUSNESS. /. [fiom conjpici^-, 

out. ) 

1. Expofure to the view, Boyhm 

2. Eminence ; fame ; celebrity. Boyle, 
CONSPI'RACY. /. [cor.fp,ral:o, Latin. J 

1. A plot ; a concerted treafon. Drydetii 

2. An agreement of men to do any thing ; 
evil part. Coiucl, 

3. Tendency of many caufes to dne events 

CONSPI'RANT. a. [corfpirans, Latin.J 

Confpiring j engaged in a confpiracy j 

plotting. Shakefpeare, 

CONSPIRATION. /. [confpiratio, Latin.] 

A plot. 
CONSPIRATOR./, [(jom confpiro, Lat J 

A man engaged in a plot j a plotter. 

Samuel, Soufhm 
To CONSPI'RE. t/. «. [ce"fpiro, Latin.] 

1, To concert a crime j tu plot. Shaktfp, 

Ro'coif-" on, 

2. To agree together • 35^ all ihirgs con- 
fpiic to make him batpj, 

Bba €0N. 



CONSPI'RER. /. [from ««/>»>*.] A con- CONSTIPA'TION. /. [from cenflpate,'] 

fnir?itor 5 a plotter. Sbakefpeare. I. The acl of crouding any thing into lefa 

CONSPIRING Powers. [In mechanicks.] room, Bentky. 

All fuch as ad in diredion not oppofite to z. Stoppage ; obftruflion by plenitude. 

one another. Harris, Arhuthnot, 

CONSPURCA'TION. /. [from confpurco, CONSTITUENT, a. [corJ!ii:^em, Latin.] 

L,n.] Defilement ; pollution. Elemental; effential j that of which any 

CO'NSTABLE. /. [cowes Jiabuli, as it is _jh'"g_50]^'ifts. ^ Dryden, Bcntlcy, 


I, Lord high covjlabU is an ancient officer 
cf the crcwn, long difufed in England, 
The funilion cf the confiable of England 
confifled in the care of the common peace 
of the land in deeds of arms, and in mat- 
ters of war. To the court of the csn- 
fiaLh and marfh^l belonged the cognizance 
of contvafls, deeds of arms without the 
realm, and combats and blafonry of arms 
within !t. From thefe arc derived petty 
to-JlibiC!, Coivd. Clarendon. 

1. To ever-run the Constable. To 


1. The perfon or thing which conflitutes 
or fettles any thing. Ha/e. 

2. That which is neceffary to the fub-. 
lifience of any thing. Aibutb/ioK 

3. He that deputes another. 

To CO'NSTirUTE. -v. a. [con/llfuo, Lat.] 

I. To give formal exiftence ; to produce. 
Decay ef Piety. 

a. To ereft ; to eflabiifli. Taylor, 

%, To depute. 
CO'NSTI rUTER. /. [hom corjliute.] He 

that ron/titiites or appoints. 

fpend more than what a man knows him- CONSTITUTION. / [from co"Jliiu'e.'] 

felf to be worth 
CONSTABLESHIP. /. [from conftabh.'^ 

The office of a conftable. Carciv. 

CO'NSTANCY. /. [covflantia, Litin.J 
'i. Immutability ; perpetuity J unalterable 

continuance. Hooker. 

■Z. Ccnfillency ; unvsried flate. Ray, 

3. Refolution ; Ireadinefs, Prior. 

4. Lafling afj'ewlian. South. 

5. Certainty ; veracity. Shahejpeare. 
CO NSTANT. a. {ctm^Hans, Lat,] 

I, Firm j not fluid. E'.yJe. 

a. Unvaried j u.^ch2nged ; immutable ; 

3. Firm ; refolute 5 determined. Sbahp. 

4. Free from change of afFedicn. S-dney. 

5. Certain ; not variou". Jjddion. 
CO'NSTANTLY. fl^. [ixcmconjlam.] \Jn- 

. variably; perpetually ; certainly ; flpadily, 


To CCNSTE'LLATE. v, n. [cnrjlellatus, 
Latin. 1 To ihine with one general light. 

To CONSTE'LLATE. n/. a. To unite fe- 
veral /hinitig bodies in one fplendour. 


CONSTELLATION. /. [ftom cerrfielLte.^ 

I. A clufter of fixed ftars. Ijaiah. 

Ao afi'eiTiblnge of fplendours. or ex 

The act of conftituting j enacting j 
2, State of being ; natural qualities. 

Bent ley. Neicton, 
Corporeal frame. Arhuihnot. 

Temper of body, with refpedl to health. 
Temper cf mind. Sidney. Claiendon, 
Edablilhed form of government ; fu'- 
tem of laws and cuftoms. Daniel. 

7. Particular law j eftabliftment j inftiiu- 
tion. Ho'jker. 

CONSTITUTIONAL, a. [from conjiau' 

1. Bred in the conftitution ; radical. Sha^p. 

2. C'nfiftent with the ci.nflitutioi-i 5 legal. 
CO'NSTI rUTIVE. a. [fr„m conQituu.] 

I. Elemental j effential ; prcdj£live. 

D,r.iy of Piety, 
2,. Having the power to enact or eftabl^h. . 
To CONSTRAIN, t,. a. {cc^Jiraindrt, Fr.] 

1. To comp:l ; to force to fome aftion. 


2. To hinder by force. Dryden. 

3. To neceflltate. Pcfe. 

4. To violate ; to ravifh. Shahejpeare, 
^. To confine ; to prefj. Gay. 

CONSTRA'INABLE. a. [from conjlrnin.^ 
Liab'e to corflrainr. Hooker. 

ceilenries. Harn'ror-d. CONSTRA'INER. /. [from C07tj}rain.~\ He 

CONSTERNATION, f. [from ccnjicr,w, fhst conftrains. 

Litio.] Aftonuhment ; amazement , won- 
der. .South. 
To CO'NSTIPATE. -v. a. [from covjlipo, 

1. To croud together into a narrow room. 
a. To flop by fil ing up the pafTdg-s, 

3. To bind the belly. 

CONSTRAINT, /. [contrainte,Yr.'] Com- 
pulfion ; violence ; confinement. Loike. 
To CONSTRI'CT. -v. a. \coufiriEluir., Lat. j 

1. To bind ; to cramp. 

2. To contradl ; to caufe to Ihrink. 


CONSTRI'CTION. /. [from conJlnSi.\ Cm- 

traftion 3 C(;mpieliion. Ray. 


G O N 

CDNSTRI'CTOR. J.' {conftriaor, Latin.] 
That which comprefles or cuntrafts. 


To CONSTRINGE. -v. a. [conjlnngo, Lat.] 
To comprefs j to contrail j to bind, 


CONSTRI'NGENT. a. [(onflnvgeni, Lat.] 
Having the quality of binding or com- 
prefling. Bacon, 

To CONSTRU'CT. v, a. [coKftruBui, L^t. J 
To build 5 to form. Boy'e. 

CONSTRU'CTION, /. [ccnfiruaioy Lat. J 

1. The adt of building. 

2. The form of building ; flru<5>ure. 


3. The putting of words together in fuch 
a manner as to convey a complete fenfe. 

Clarke. Locke, 
4- The aft of arranging terms in the pro- 
per order j the aft of interpreting j ex- 
planstion. Shak peafe. 

5. The fenfe J the meaning. Collier, 

6- Judgment j mental reprefentation. 


7. The manner of defcribing a figure in 


CONSTRU'CTURE. /. [from conflru^l.] 

pile ; edifice ; fabrick. Blackmore. 

Ts CO'NSTRUE, -v. a. [corjlruo, Lat.] 

- I. To range words in their natural oider, 


2. To interpret j to explain. Hooker. 


To CONSTU'PRATE. -v. a. [copjlupro, 

Lat.] Toviolite; to debauch ; todeiile. 

CONSTUPRATIOV. j. [from cenjlupra/e.] 

Violation ; defiiemenr. 
CONSUDSTA NTIAL. a, {confubjlantialis, 

Z. Having the fame effence or fubfirtence. 
2. Being of the fame kind or nature. 

CONSUBSTANTIA'LITY. /. [from <««- 
Juifflcvtial.'\ Exiftence of more than one 
in the fame fubrtance. I'iamtnond. 

ToCONSUBSTA'NTLATE. i:a. [con ^nA 
fulfiant'ta. Lit.] To unite in one com- 
mon fuhftance or nature. 
juiftantiate.\ The uniun cf the body of 
our bleffed Saviour with the facramenial 
element, according to the Lutherans. 

At t It but y, 
CO'NSUL. /. {corfuU Latin.] 

I. The chief magifitate in the Roman re- 
publick. Dryden. 

2 An cfHcer commiflioned in foreign parts 
to judge between the merchants of his na- 
CONSULAR, a, [.o'^fularis, L?t.] 

I. Reiatjog to the conful. SfHator, 


2. Consular Man, One who had been 

^,""*"'- B,n. Jchnfor,. 

CO NSULATE. /. Iconjulatui, Lat. J the 
office of cunfui, Addifon. 

CONSULSHIP. /. [from cot^ful/] The 
office of ccnful. Ben. Johnfoi. 

To CONSULT. -V. n. [confulto, Lat.] To 
take counl'el together. Clarendon. 

To CONSULT, -v. a. 

1. To aik advice of j as, he confulted hh 

2. To regard J to aft with view or re- 
^PS*^ to. L-Ejirange. 

3. To plan 5 to contrive. 

Hebretvs, Clarendon. 

4. To fearch into j to examine j as. Id 
confult an author. 

CO'NSULT, /. [from the verb,] 

1. The a6t of confulting. Dryden. 

2. The eficft of confuhing j determina- 
t'O"' Dryden. 

3. A council ; a number cf perfons af- 
fembled in delioeration. Stvif: 

CONSULTATION. /. [from eot,fu/t.-\ ' 
J. The aft of confulting ; fecret delibera- 
tion- Mark. 
2. A number of perfons confulted toge- 
^^"- mfeman. 

CONSULTER, /. [hom c or, Ju It.] One that 
confuks or a/l<;s council. Deuteronomy. 

CONSU'MABLE. a. [from ccnfume.] Suf- 
ceptible of deftruftion. Pf'ilkitis 

To CONSUME. t>.s. [confutno, Lat.J To 
waftej tofpend; to deftroy. Deuteionomy. 

To CONSU'ME. -u. n. To wafte away j to 
be exhaufted. Skakefpeare. 

CONSU'MER. /. [from rtf-r/t/wr . J 0„e 
that fpends, vvalles, or deflroys any thinf. 


To CONSU'MMATE. v. *, Icb^fommer^ 
Fr.] To complete ; to perfeft, Skakefpeare 

CONSU'MMATE. a. [from the verb,] Com- 
plete ; perfeft. Addifon. 

CONSUMMA'TION./. rfrop, ecnjutrmate.^ 
J. Completion ; perfeftion j end. Addifon. 

2. The eud of ctie prefent fyilem of things. 


3. De^th ; end of life. Skakefpeare, 
CONSU'MPTION. /. [confumptio, Lat.] 

I. The aft of confummg j wafle j <je--. 

ftru:lion. £eck4. 

z. The ftate of wafting or peiifliing, 

3. A waHe of mufcular fieft, attended 

♦.'ith a heftick fever, i^inry. Skakefpeare. 
CONSU'MFTIVE. a. [from confute'.] 

J. Dsftruftive ; wafting i exbaufiing. 


a. Difc-afrd with a confumption. Har-vey, 

tive.] A tendency to a confumption. 
CONSUTiLE. a. [corfutiln, Lat.J That 

IS fewed or ftitched together. 



Tj--CONTA'BULATE.-r. a. [«»Mitt/b,Lat.] 

To floor with boards. 
OONTABULA'TION./. [contabulatio, Lat.] 

A joining of boards toRcfher, 
CXi'NTACT. /. [romanui, Lat.] Touch ; 

clofe union. Nt-ivton. 

OONTA'CTION. /. [conuaus, Lat,] Tiie 

aft of touching, Brcivn, 

CONTA'GION. /. {ctntag!o, Latin.] 

I. The cmiffion from body to body by 

^vhich difcafes are communicated. Bacon, 

a, infetlion-j propagation of mifchief. 

Knig Charles. 

3. Peftilence; venomous emanations. 

CONTA'GIOUS. a. [from coniagio, Lat.] 

Infeflious ; caught by approach. Prior. 
CONTA'GIOUSNESS. /. [from contagious.] 

The quality of being contagious. 
To CONTA'JN. v.a. {contineo, Latin.] 

1. To hold as a veflel. 

a. To comprife ; as a writing, yohn. 

3, To reftrain ; to with-hold, Spenjer. 
To CONTA'IN. -v. n. To live in conti- 

nence. Arbuthnot. 

GONTA'INABLE. a. [from contain.] Pof- 

fible to be contained. Boyle. 

To CONTA'MIN.'^TE, v. a. [contamiro, 

Lat.] To defiie } to corrupt by bafe mix- 
ture. Shakejpeare. 
CONTA'MINATE. a. [from the verb.] 

Polluted ; defiled. Shakespeare. 

CONTAMINA'TION. /. [fro.m contami- 

nate.] Pollution ; defilement, 
CONTE'MERATED.a. Icontemeratus, Lat.] 

Violated ; polluted. 
To CONTE'MN. -v. a. [contemno, Latin.] 

To defpife 5 to fcorn ; to flight j to neg- 

led. Dryden. 

CONTE'MNER. /. [from contemn.] One 

that contemns; a defpil'er. South. 

To CONTE'MPER. -v. a. [csnten-.pero, 

Lat. I To modeiate. Ray. 

CONTEMPERAMENT. /. [from contem. 

pcro, Lat.] The degree of any quality. 
To CONTE'MPERATE, -v. a. [from con- 

tempero,] To moderate 3 to temper. 

CONTEMFERA'TION. /. [from comtm- 


J. The aft of moderating or tempering, 
- ■s. Proportionate mixture 5 proportion. 


To CONTE'MPLATE. v. a. [contemphr, 

. L^t.] To (hidy 5 to meditate. Walts. 

To CONTE'MPLATE. v. n. To mufe ; 

to think ftudioully with long attention. 

C )NTEMPLA'TION./. [from rovt^rvptate.] 

J. Mcditati&n 5 ft^dious t.hought dn any 

fubjvd. nbaheJicare, 


1. Holy meditation ; a holy exercife of the 

foul, employed in attention to facred things. 


■5. Study ; oppofed to aftion. Souib, 

CONTE'iVIPLATIVE. a. [from contem. 

I. Given to thought J fludious j thought- 
ful, Denham, 
£. Employed in ftudy j dedicated to fludy. 

3. Having the power of thought. Ray, 

CONTE'MPLATIVELY. ad. [from con- 
templati'vc.] Thoughtfully ; attentively, 

CONTEMPLA'TOR, /, [Latin.] One 
employed in ftudy. Raleigh. 

CONTE'MPORARY. a. [ contemporaia, 

1. Living in the fame £ge, Dryden, 

2. Born at the fame time. Coivley, 

3. Exifting at the fame point of time, 


CONTE'MPORARY, /. One who lives at 

the fame time with another. Dryden. 

To CONTEMPORISE, -v. a. [con and 

tempus, Lat.] To make contemporary. 


CONTE'MPT. /. [contemptus, Latin.] 

1. The aft of defpifing others } fcorn. 

EJiher. South, 

2. The ftate of being defpifed ; vilenefs. 

CONTE'MPTIBLE. a. [from contempt.] 

1. Worthy of contempt j deferving fcorn, , 


2. Defpifed ; fcorned ; neglefted. Locke, 

3. Scornful ; apt to defpife. Shakejpeare. 
COJSITE'MPTIBLENESS./. [from contemp- 

ttbfe.] The ftate of being contemptible j 

vilenefs ; cheapnefs. Decay of Piety, 

CONTE'MPTIBLY. ad. [from contemp. 

tihte.] Meanly ; in a manner deferving 

contempt. Milton. 

CONTE'MPTUOUS. a. [from contempt.l 

Scornful j apt to defpife, 

Raleigh. Atterhury. 
CONTE'MPTUOUSLY. ad. [from con. 

teniptuous.] With fcorn ; with defpite, 

•Taylor. Tillotfrst, 
CONTE'MPTUOUSNESS. j. [fiom con- 

teniptuous.] Difpoficion to contempt. 
ToCONTE'ND. -v.n. [contendo, Lat.] 

1. To ftrive 3 to ftruggle in oppofition, 


2. To vie ; to aft in emulation. 

To CONTEND, -v. a. To difpute any 
thing; to conteft, Dryden. 

CONTE'NDENT. /. [from contend.] An- 
tigorjift ; opponent, UEflrange, 

CONTE'NDER. /, [from contend.] Com- 
batant ; champion. Locke,. 

CONTE'NT. a. {contentus, Lat.] 
I. Satftlied fo as not to repine j eafy. 



ft. 5ithf\ed(ois not to op^k.SI:ahff:tare. 
"To CONTE NT. -v. a. [from the adjedUve,] 

1, To fatiify l"o as to flop complaint. 

Sidney. TiHotfon, 

2. To pleafe ; to gratify. Shahejfieaie. 
CONTE'NT. /. [from the verb.] 

1. Moderate happinefs. Hhakefpiare, 

2. Accjuiefcence j fatisfaftion in a thing 
unexamined. Pope. 

3. That which is contained, or included 
in any thing. lyood-zixarti, 

4. The power of containing j extent j ca- 
pacity. Graunt, 

5. That which is comprifed in a writing. 

Greiv. Addilon, 
CONTENTA'TION. /. [from content.] ?,i- 

tisfaftion ; content. Sidney. 

CONTENTED, part. a. [from contenr.'\ 

Satisfied j at quiet ; not repining. KnolUi. 
CONTE NTION. /. [content io, Latin.] 

I. Strife ; debate j conteft. Decay of Piety. 

%. Emulation j endeavour to excel. 


3. Eagernefs ; zeal ; ardour. Rogers, 

CONTE'NTIOUS. a. [from co>itend.-\ (^ar- 

reifom j given to debate ; perverfe. 

Decay of Piety. 
CONTENTIOUS Jurifdia on. [In law.] 

A court v^hich has a power to judge and 

determine differences between contending 

parties. Chambers. 

CONTE'NTIOUSLY. ed. [from contentiou!.] 

Perverfely j quarreiromelv. Brciun, 

CONTE'NTIOUSNESS. /. [from co^ten- 

tiou!.] Pronenefs to contcft ; perverfe- 

nefs J turbulence. Beathy. 

CONTE'NTLESS. a. [from content.] Dif- 

contented ; diffatisfied ; uneafy, Shakefp. 
CONTE'NTMENT. /. [from content, the 


1. Acquiefcence without plenary fatisfac- 
tion. Hooker. Grtiu. 

2. Gratification. ft'o'tan. 
CONTERMINOUS, a, [csntermlnut, Lh.] 

Bordering upon. Hale, 

CONTERRA'NEOUS. a. [conterraneus, 

Lat. J Of the fame country. 
To CONTEST, -v. a. [contejier, Fr.] To 

difpute ; to controvert j to litigate. Dryden. 
To CONTE'ST. -v. r. 

1. To ftrive 5 to contend. Burnet, 

2. To vie J to emulate. Pope. 
CONTE'ST. /. [from ihe verb.] Difpute 5 

difference ; debate. Denham. 

CONT£'STABLE. a. [from contef.] MS. 

putable ; controvertible. 
CONTESTABLENESS. /. [from co-^tefl- 

al>!e.] Foflibilitv of contefl. 
CONTEST A'TION. /. [fiom coiteJJ.] The 

aQ: of contefting j debate j ftrife. 

To CONTE'X. -v, a. [context, Lat.] To 

weave together, £oy!e, 


CONTEXT./, [ontextus, Lat.} Thf gft- 

neral feries of a difcourfe. Hamn„iz^ 

CONTE'XT. a. [from conte:,.] Knit to-' 

gether; firm. Dcrl^m. 

CONTE'XTURE. /. [from t<yntex.] The 

difpofition of parts one among anotlier j 

the fyflem j. the conftitution. 

tfol/on. Blacbncre, 
CONTIGNA TION. /. [contig:,at,o, Lat.] 

1. A frame of beams or boards joined to- 
e^'^e""- Wcttcn. 

2. TheaxElof framing or joining a fabrick. 
CONTIGUITV. /. [ixom contiguous.] Ac- 
tual coRtaft ; fituation. Broivn. Hale 

CONTI'GUOUS. a. [contiguut, Latin,] 
Meeting fo as to touch. Neivton. 

CONTIGUOUSLY, ad. [from contiguout.^ 
Without any intervening fpace«>- DrvdiK 

CONTI'GUOUSNESS. /. [from contiguous. 1 
Clofe connexion. 


CO'NTINENCY. \ J' (""ff'^ntla, Lat.} 

1. Reftraint J command of one's felf. 

ot n- • Drydtlf. 

2. Chaflity in general. Sbaie'pcare, 

3. Forbearance of lawful pleafure. G«w 

4. Moderation in lawful pleafures. Taylor. 

5. Continuity J uninterrupted courfe. 

CO'NTINENT. a. [continens, Latin j"^^ ''' 
I. Chaflej abftcmioui in lawful pleafures. 
. Sbakejpeare, 

z. Reftrained j moderate j temperate. 

. Sbakefpearct 

3. Continuous; connefted. Brercuoid. 
CO'NTINENT./. [continem, Lat.] 

1. Land not disjointed by the fea from 
other lands 5,^,/ 

2. That which contains any thing. 

_ , Shakefpcrtre. 

To CONTI'NGE. -v. n, [contingo, Latin. l 

To touch ; to reach. 
CONrrNGENCE. 7 / [hom contin^cntA 
CONTINGENCY. \ The quality of beii 

fortuitous J accidental pofiibility. 

^^.,^w ^r. Brown. South. 

CONTI'NGENT. a, [co.tingem, Latin] 
Failing out by chance j accidental. SoutL 

1. A thing in the hands of chance. Grew^ 

2. A proportion that falls to any petfon 
upon a divifion. 

CONTI'NGENTLY. ad. [Uo^ contingent 1 
Acciocntally ; without any fetticd tuie. 

li^oo ItvarJ^ 

Accidentalnefs. i i 

CONri'NUAL. a. [cominuus, Latin.] 

1. Inceflant j proceeding without intjr- 
■■"P^'""- Pcpe. 

2. j In law.] A continual claim is mlde 
from t:me to time, within every and 
<!»}'♦ ' Co-ujd 



CONTI'NUALLY. ad. [itnm cont-nual-l 
X. Without paufe ; withouc interruption. 

Bn. ov. 

2. Withoiit ceafing. Benley. 
COMTI'NUANCE. /. [from continue.] 

1. Succeiiion uninterruped. Addifon. 

%. Permanence in one ftate. Sidney, South. 

3. Abode in a place. 

4. Duration ; laftingn;;fs. Hayivard. 

5. Perfeverance. Romans. 

6. Progreffion of time. Pfah'A. 
•CONTrNUATE. a. [continuatus, Lit.] 

1. Immediately united. Hooker. 
■z. Uninterrupted; unhraken, Shatfpcare. 

CONTiNUA'TION. /. [from continuatc] 
Protraftion, or lucceflion uninterrupted. 


CONTI'IttJATlVE. /. [from contisuate.] 
An cxpreffion noting permanence or dura- 
tion. ^''^''^ 

CONTINU.VT0R. /. [from contmuate.] 
He that continues or keeps up the fenes 
or fucce/Tion. 

To CONTI'NUE. v. n. [contlnuer, Fr.] 

■ I. To remain in the fan,e /late. MattLeta. 

2. To laft ; to be durable. Samuel. 

■ 3. To peifevere. J<^^- 
To CONTI'NUE. v. a. 

I. To protradt, or repeat without inter- 
ruptto.n. . -P/a/w^. 

a. To unite without a chafm, or interven- 
ing fubft.ince. Mshon. 
CfONTI'NUEDLy. ad. [from continued.] 
Without interruption ; without ceafing. 

CONTI'NUER. /. [from covtinue,] Hav- 
ing thepower of perieverance. Shakejpeaie. 
-eONTINU'ITY. /. [continuitas, Lat.] 

I, Connexion uninterrupted ; cohelion. 


a. That texture or cohefinn of the parts 

of an animal body. S^uincy. Arhuthnot. 
CONTI'NUOUS. a. [ continuui, Latin. ] 

Joined together without the intervention 

of any fpace. Neii'ton. 

ToCONTO'RT. -v. a. [contortus, L^tin.] 

To twift ; to writhe. Ray. 

CONTO'RTION. /. [iiom contort.] Twirt ; 

wry motion ; flexure. Rny. 

CONTO'UR. f. [French.] The outline j 

the line by which any figure is defined or 

CO'NTRA. A Latin prepofition ufed in 

compofition, which f-.^nifies ugaif/L 
CONTRABAND, a. [contrahando, Ital.] 

Prohibited ; illegal ; unlawfol. Dryden. 
To CO'NTR.lB.'\ND. ii. a. [from the ad- 

jedive.] To import goods prohibited. 
To CONTRA'CT. -v. a. [controfTus, Lat.] 

I. To draw tcgether ; to flinrten. Donne. 

a. To bring two parties together; to make 

a bargain. . Dryden. 

3. '10 betroth J to affiiiice. 'iuikr. 


4. To procure ; to bring ; to incur'; ts 
Oraw ; to get. King Charleu 

5. To fliorten ; to abridge ; to epitomife. 
To CONTRAC T. -v. n. 

1. To ftrink up ; to grow (hort, Arhuthnot. 

2. To bargain; as, to coninfXfor a quan. 
tity of fro-vifions. 

CONTRACT, part. a. [from the verb.] 
Affianced ; contraded. Sbakefpeare. 


1. A bargain ; a compadl. Temple, 

2. An adt whereby a man and womnn are 
betrothed to one another, Shakefpeare. 

3. A writing in which the terms of a 
bargain are included. 

CONTRA'CTEDNESS./. [from contraHed.l 
The ftate of being contrafted. 

CONTRACTIBI'LITY. /. [from antrac^ 
iible.] Pollibility of being contraded. 


CONTRA'CTIBLE. a. [from contraa.] Cul- 
pable of contraction. Arhuthnot. 

CONTRA'CTIBLENESS./. [from contrac 
tiblc.] The quality of fuffering contrac- 

CONTRA'CTILE. ^. [from contr^a.] Hav- 
ing the power of fhortening itfelf. 


CONTRA'CTION. /. [contraaio, Lut.] 
I. The adt of contraaing or fhortenin^. 

a. The aft of fhiinking or ftiriveling. 

^ Arhuthnot, 

3. The ftafe of being contradled ; drawn 
into a narn?w crmpafs. Nctuton, 

4. [In grammar.] The reduftion of two 
vowels or fylhibles to one. 

5. Abbieviation 5 as, the nvriting it full 
of contraftions. 

CONTRA'C'1-OR. /. [from contr^^a.] One 
of the parties to a contract or 

To CONTRADl'CT. 1'. a. [csntradico, Lat.] 

1. To oppofe verbally. Diyden. 

2. To be contrary to ; to repugn, hooker. 
GONTRADl'CTER. /. [from conlradia.] 

One tlijt contradidls ; an oppofer. S-zvift. 
CONTRADI'CTION. /. [hom c^ntrad a.] 

1. Verbal oppolition ; controverfial affer- 
tion. Milton. 

2. Oppofition. Hebrews, 

3. Inconfirienry ; incongruity. South, 

4. Contrariety, in thought or eft'eft. 


CONTRADICTIOUS ,1. [fxomcontraaia.] 

I. Filled with contradictions J inconliftent. 


1. Inclined to contradift. 


tradiBicuu'l Inconriftency. Norris, 

CONTRADl'CTORILY. ad. [from c.p- 

trad-.Bory] liu-'anfiftently with hiniWf j 

Opiofltfly to others. B'0-:n, 



CONTRADI'CTORY. a. [contradi{lor!us, 


I. Oppofite to ; inconfifient with. South, 

7,. [In Jogick.] Thjt which is in the 

fulleft oppofition. 
CONTRADICTORY. /. A propodtion 

which cppol'es another in all its terms ; 

inconfiftsncy. Bromhall. 


by oppofite qu.ilities. GlantuLe, 

To CONTRADISTI'NGUISH. -v. a. [con. 

tra and dijitngwjh. ] To diftinguifil by 

oppol'ite qu.ilities. Loih. 

GONTRAFI'SSURE. /. [from contra and 
■ fiffure.'\ A crack of the fcull, where the 

blow was ii.flifled, is called filTure ; but 

in the contrary part, contrafijfure. 

To CONTRAI'NDICATE. -v. a. [centra 
and indico, Lat.J To point out pe- 
culiar fymptom, contrary to the general 
tenour of the maladv. HariTy. 

tiiJind.cati.'j An indication orfvmpt.m, 
which toibids thjt to be done which the 
main fcope of a difeafe points out at firft. 

CONTRAMU'RE. /. [contremur, Fr.] An 
out wall built about the main wall of a 
city. Cbjrrbers. 

CONTRANI'TENCY: /. [from conira and 
mens, Litin.] Re-a6lion j a refiftency 
agdinft prerture. Dici. 

CONTRAFOSI'TION. /. [from cor fr^ and 
pofit:on.'^ A placing ovef againft. 

CONrRAREGULA'RIl Y. /. [from con- 
tra and reguliii ity. \ Contrariety to rule. 
Nor r is. 

CONTRA'RIANT. a. [contrariatj, con. 

trurier, Fr.] Inconfiftent j contradi(iU>iy. 


CONTRARIES, /. [from cortrary.<^ In 
Jogick, propofitions which deftroy each 
other. Watti, 

CONTRARI'ETY. /. [from cor.traieta!, 

I, Repugnance; oppofition. Wotton, 

a. Inconfiftency ; quality or pofition de. 
ftrutlive of its oppofite. Sidney, 

CONTRA'RILY. ad. [horn contrary.] 

1. In a manner contrary. Ray, 

2. Different ways j in different direftions. 


CONTRA'RINESS. /. [from contrary. J 
Contrariety ; oppofition. 

CONTRATvIOUS. a. [from con!r:!ry.] Op- 
pofite j repugnant. Milton, 

CONTRA'RIOUSLY. ad. [from contrari- 
ous.~\ Oppifi;elv, Shakifpeare. 


I. Converfely, Bacon. 

z> On the contrary. Davics, Raleigh, 


CO'NTRARY. a. [contrarius, Lat.] 

1. Oppofite J contradiiSory ; ijJt fimply 
different. Da-viest 

2. Inconfiftent ; difagreeing. Tilktjon, 

3. Adverfe ; in an oppofite dire£tion. 

CO'NTRARY. /. [from the adjeflive.] 
I. A thing of oppofite qualities. 

Coicley. Southern, 
z. A propofition contrary to fome other. 


3. On the Contrary. In oppofition j 
on the other fide. Swift. 

4. lo thd Contrary. To a contrary 
purpofe. Stil'ingfcet. 

To CO'NTRARY. v. a. [comrarier, Fr.] 
T • oppofe ; to thwart. Latimert 

CONTRAST. /. [contrafle, Fr.] Oppo- 
fition and diflimilitnde of figure', by which 
one contributes to the vifib'ility or efFedt 
of another. 

To CO NTRAST. -v. a. [from the noun,] 

1. T) place in oppofition. 

2. To fhew another figure to advantage. 

Dry den, 
CONTRAVALLATION. /. [from contra 

and'val'i), Lat.j The fortification th^nvn 

up, to hinder the fillies of the gariifon. 

To CONTRAVENE, v. a. [co-rtra nnd 

•uenio, Latin] To oppofe j to obft, ud j 

to 'baffle. 
CONTRAVE'NER. /. [from conlra-vene.J 

He whj ' ppofe': another. 
CONTRAVE'NTION. /. [French.] Op- 

pofition. Siuifr. 

CONTRAYE'RVA, /. A fpecies of birfh- 

wnrt. Mi/,'er. 

CONTRECTA'TION./. [ctmtrca.itio, Lat.J 

A touching. 
CONTRI'BUTARY. a. [from con and fW- 

iiitary.'^ Paying tribute to the fame fa- 

vereign. Glan-vilkt 

To CONTRIBUTE, -v. a. [contribuo, Lat.] 

To give to fome common ftock. Addifon. 
To CONTRIEUTE. -v. n. To bear a part ; 

to have a fliare in any aft or effeft. Pope, 
CONTRIBUTION. /. [from contribute.] 

1. The act of promoting fome defign in 
conjunction with other perfons, 

2. That which is given by feveraf hands 
for fome common purpofe. Graunt. 

3. That which is paid for the fupport of 
an army Ivin? in a country. Shakefpeare. 

CONIRIBUTIVE. a. [from c:ntr,hute.] 
That which has the power or quality of 
promoting any purpofe in concurrence with 
other motives. Decaf of Pi,ty. 

CONTRIEUTOIl. /. [ from cor.trihute. ] 
One that bears a part in fome corr.fTio'o 
defign, Sbiikrlpcare, 

C c 



CONTRIBUTORY, a. [from contribute.^ 
PTomuting the fame end 5 bringing afli fi- 
ance to fome ioint defign, 

*1lo CONTRI'STATE. v.a. [centrifo,Ut.'] 
To faddcn ; to make forrowlul. Bacon, 

CONTRISTA'TION. /. [from contriJiatc.'\ 
The act of making fad j the ftate of be- 
ing made fad. Bacon, 

CONTRI'TE. a. {contritus, Latin.] 

1. B.ruifed ; much worn. 

2. Worn with forrow j harraffed with the 
fenfe of guilt ; penitent. Contrite is for- 
iowful for iln, from the love of and 
defire of picafing him ; an-d attrite is for- 
rowful for fin, from the feir of puniih- 
raent. Rogers. 

CONTRI'TFNESS./. [from antrite.l Con- 
trition ; repeJitanre. 
CONTRI'TiON. /. [from contrite.] 

1. The act of grinding ; or rubbing to 
powder, I^'eiuton. 

2. Penitence j forrow for fin. Sprat. 
CONTRl'VABLE. a. [from ««rr;w.] Pof- 

fible to ^e phnned by the mind. Wilkini. 
CONTRI'VANCE. /. (from conirin,e.] 
t. The act of cjntri\-ing \ excogitation, 
1. Scheme j plait. Gian%>il!e. 

3. A conceit j a plot j an artifice. 

■ To CONTRI'VE. i;. a. [contrewver. Fr^J 

1. To plan out J to excogitate. Tillotjon. 

1. To wear aw/iy. Sfenfer. 

To CONTRI'VE. -v, n. To form or de- 
fign ; to plan. Stakefpearc. 
CQNTRI'VEMENT. /. [from cantri'vt.'\ 

CONTRI'VER. /. [fiom contrive.] An in- 

venter. Denbam. 

CONTRO'L. /. [rontrok^ Fr.] 

1. A regifter or account ktyt by another 

officer, that each may be examined by the 


a. Check j reftraint. _ Waller. 

3. Power ; authority ; fuperintcndence. 
To CONTRO'L. -v. a. [from the noun.] 

X. To keep under check by a counter 


a. To govern ; to reftrain 5 to fubject. 


3. To overpower j to confnte. Bacon, 
CO-NTRO'LLABLE. a. {hom control.] Sub- 

lect to coniroi ; fubicct to be over-ruled. 

■' So^<tk. 

COfJTRO'LLER. /. [from control.] Qnt 

that has the power of governihg or re- 

flraining. Dry den, 

CONTROLLERSHIP./. [from controlier .] 

The office of a controller. 
CONTRO'LMENT. /. [itom control] 

I. The power or a£l of fuperintending or 

reftraiaing 3 reftraint. Davies, 


%, Oppofnion j refiftance } eonfutatlos. 

CONTROVE'RSIAL. a. [from coMro-verfy.^ 

Relating to difputes ; difputatious. Locket 
CONTROVERSY. /. {controverjia, Lat.] 

1. Difpiite 5 debate } agitation of con- 
trary opinions. Denham. 

2. A fuit in law, Deuteronomy. 
■7, A quarreh "Jeremiah, 
4. Oppofition } enmity, Shakefpeare. 

To CO'NTR OVERT, -v. a, [ cantrcverto, 
Litin.] To debate ; to difpute any thing 
in writing. Cbeyne. 

CONTROVE'RTIBLE. a. [from eontro- 
•vert.] DifpLitable. Broivn. 

CONTROVE'RTIST. /. [ftom controvert.^ 
Difputant. Tillotfon, 

CONTU'MACIOU.*; a. [contumax, Lat.] 
Obftinate j per*rrfe ; ftubborn. Hammond. 

CONTUMACIOUSLY, ad. [from costu. 
macious.] Obftinately j inflexib4y j per- 

CONTUMA'CIOUSNESS. /. [from contu,. 
maciout,] Obftinacy j perverfenefs. 


CONTUMACY. /. [from centumacia, Lat.} 
I. Obftinacy ; perverfenefs j ftubbornnefs j 
inflexibility. Milton. 

a. [In law.] A wilful contempt and dif- 
obedience to any lawful fummons or ju- 
dicial order. Aylifft, 

CONTUME'LIOUS. a, [conrumeliofus, Lat.] 

1. Reproachful; rude; farcaftick. 


2. Inclined to utter reproach ; brutal { 
rude. Go-vernmcnt of the Tongue, 

3. Produ^liveof reproach j fhameful. 

Detay cf Piety » 

CONTUME'LIOUSLY. ad. [from cimtu- 
mclioui.] Reproachfully; contemptuoufly ; 
rudely. Hooker, 

CONTUME'LIOUSNESS. /. [from contw 
»«<■/''»«>. J Rudenefs ; reproach. 

CO'NIUMELY./. [contumeha, Lat.] Rude- 
nefs ; contemptuoufnefs; bittcrnefs of lan- 
guage ; r?proach. Hooker. Tillotjon, 

To CONTU'SE. V. a. [contufus, Lat.] 

1. To beat together ; to bruife. Bacon, 

2. To bruife the flefh without a breach of 
the continuity. Wifeman, 

CONTU'SION. /. [from ccrntufo.'^ 
I. The adt of beating or bruifing. 

3. The ftate of being beaten or bruifed. 

3. A bruife. Bacon, 

CONVALESCENCE. 7 /. [from cont-ctlef- 
CONVALE'SCENCY. 3 co, Lat.] Renew- 
al of health ; recovery from a difeafe. 

CONVALESCENT, a, Iconvahjcens , Lat.] 



"CON VE'N ABLE. a. [convenabh, Fr.] Can- 
fiflent with j agreeable to j accordant to. 

To CONVE'NE. v. n. [con-vtnio, Latin.] 
To come together 5 to allennble. Boyle, 

To CONVE'NE. -v. a. 

1. To call together ; to affemble ; to con- 
voke. Clarendon, 

2. To fummon judiciarllj'. yfyiiffe, 
CONVE'NIENCE. 7 , . •• t . i 
CONVE'NIENCY. S / i'^onvenunua.Ut.^ 

I. Fitnefsj propriety. Hooker, 

S. Comrsodioufnefs ; eafe, Calamy, 

3. Caufeofeafe; accommodation. D/;y<^«n. 

4. Fitnefs of time or place. Sijahifpean. 
CONVENIENT, a, {conveniens, Lat. J Fit j 

fuitable ; proper; well adapted. Tilotfott. 
CONVE'NIENTLY. ad. [from fon-vement.] 
1. CommodJoufly j without difficulty. 

a. Fitly. JVilkms. 

CO'NVENT. /. \nnwntui, Latin.] 
I. An aflembly of religious perfons. 


». A religious houfe j a monaftery ; a 

nunnery. yiddtfon. 

To CONVE'NT. •L'. a. [convem'o, Luin.] 

To call before a judge or judicature. 

Shjkefpeare. Bacon. 
CO'NVENTICLE. /. [con-ventiiulum, Lat.] 

1. An aflembly ; a meeting. Ayliffe. 

2. An aflembly tor worfhip. Hooker, 

3. A fecret alfembly. Shahefpeare. 
CONVE NTICLER. /. [from ciinienticie.] 

One that fupports or ffe<|uents private and 
unlawful affemblies. Dryden^ 

CONVE'NTIOJJ. /. [conwntio, Lat.] 
1. The a£l of coming together j union; 
coalition. Bsyle, 

Z. An aflembly. Swift. 

3. A contraft ; an agreement for a time. 

CONVE'NTIONAL. a. [from cowention.] 
Stipulated ; agreed on by compaft. Hale. 

OON VE'NTION ARY. a. [fiom con-vetition.^ 
Adling upon contraft j fettled by ftipula- 
tions. Cjrcw, 

CONVE'RTUAL. a. [coHventutl, French.] 
Belonging to a convent ; menaftick. 


CONVE'NTUAL. /. [from con^'ert.] A 
monk J a nun ; one that lives in a con- 
vent. /Idilijon, 

To CONVERGE, -v. n.^conwrgo, Latin.] 

' To tend to one point from different places. 


CONVE'RGENT. 7 a. [from con-verge.^ 

CONVE'ROiNG. ^ Tending to one point 
from different places. 

CONVE'RSABLE. a. [from converfe.] Qua- 
lified for converfation ; fit for company. 

CONVF/RSABLENESS, /. [from tcnver. 


fabk.'\ The quality of being a pleafing 

CONVB'RSABLY. ad. [from convtrJabU.'\ 
In a converfabJe manner. 

CONVE'RSANT. a. [converfoKt, Fr.] 
1. Acquainted with ; familiar. Hooker, 
z. Having intercouifc with any ; ac- 
quainted, yofljuab, 
3. Relating to ; having for its ubjeft ; 
concerning. Hooker. Addifon. 

CONVERSATfON. /. [con-verfatio, Lat.] 

1. Familiar difcourle J chat j eafy talk. 


2. A particular adl -of diCcourfing upec 
any fubjeft. 

3. Commerce 5 in<ercourfej familiarity. 

,.. Dry den. 

4. Behaviour ; manner of a£ling in com- 
mon life. Peter. 

CONVE RSATIVE. a. [from csn-verf*.} 
Relating to pubiick life ; not cintem- 
plative. iFotton, 

ToCONVE'RSE. v.n. [converfir, Fr.] 

1. To cohabit wijh j to hold intercourfe 
with. Lacke^ 

2. To be acquainted with. Shahefpeare. 

3. To convey the thoughts reciprocally i^ 
talk. Mihon. 

4. To difcourfe familiarly upon any fub- 
j-d. Dry den. 

5. To have commerce with a different 
fex. Guardian,. 

.CONVERSE. /. [from the ^erb.] 

I. Manner of difcourfing in familiar life. 

%. Acquaintance j cohabitation ; familia- 
rity. Glar-ville, 
CONVE'RSELY. ad. [from ton wr/^.] With 

change of order ; reciprocally. 
CONVERSION. / [con-verfto, Latin.] 

1. Change f'rom one ftate into another j 
tranfmutation. Arbuthnot, 

2. Change from reproljation to grace. 

3. Change frana one religion to aaother. 


4. The interchange of terms in ap argu- 
rricnt j as, no •virtue is vice ; na -vice it 
•virtue. Chambers, 

CON\T.'RSIVE. a. [{torn converfe.] Con- 

verfable ; fociabie. 
To CONVE'RT, -v. a. [converto, Lat.] 

1. To change into another fubftance ; to 
tranfmute. Burnet, 

2. To change from one religion to another, 

3. To turn from a bad to a good life. 

4 To turn towards any point. Broivn, 

5. To apply to any ufe ; to appropriate. 


To CONVERT, -v. n. To undtrgo a change j 

to be tranfmuted. Sbakefp'U'e. 

Cc z CON- 


CO'NVERT. /. A perfon converted from 

one opinion to anothei'. Stiiin^jift, 

CONVE'RIER. /. Ih-om convert.] One 

that mjkfs converts. 
CONVER riBI'LITY. /. [from cowerti- 

t'e-l The qu..l:ty of being poflible to be 

CONVERTIBLE, a. [from conwrt.] 

J. Sufceptible of change ; tranr-nutable. 


a. So much alike as that one may be ufed 

for the other. Sivift. 

CONVE'RTIBLY, ad. [i\om convertible] 

Reciprocally. South. 

CO'NVERTITE. /. [cotwerti, French.] A 

convert. Donne, 

CO'NVEX. ad. [ccnwxus, Lnin] Rifing 

in a circular form ; oppofite to concave. 
CONVEX, r. A convex body. Tukel. 

CONVE'XED. f>.Jrii. a. [ from convex- ] 

Protuberant iu a circular form. Boivn. 
CONVEXEDLY. ad. [from convex>d.] In 

a convex foim. Broivn. 

CONVE'X] fY. /. [from convex.] Protu- 
berance in » circular form. Neivton. 
tONVE'XLY. ad. [from convex.] In a 

■ convex form. Gretv. 
CONVE'XNES.S. /. [from convex.] Sphe- 

roidic.-'l piotiiberance ; convexity. 

CONVEXO-CONCAVE, a. Having the 
hollovt' on the infide, correfponding to the 
external protuberance. Nnvton. 

ToCO.MVE'Y. -v. a. [fonveho, Latin.] 

1. To carry j to tranfport fiom one place 
to another. I Kings. 

2. To hand from one to another. Locke 

3. To move fecretly. Sbahjpeare. 

4. To bring ; to tranfmit. Locke. 

5. To transfer ; to deliver to another. 


6. To impart. Locke. 

7. To introduce. Lo'ke. 

5. To nnanage with privacy. Shahjl^care. 
CONVE'YaNCE. / [from convey.] 

I. Ihc aft of removing any thing. 


■ z. Way for carriage or tranfportatioo. 

f. The na!"thod of removing fecretly. 

4. The means by which any thirig is con- 
veved. iibakefpe.-:re, 

r. D^'livery from one to another. Locke, 

6. Ac}, of transrerring property. Spenjer. 
n. Writing by which property is transferr- 
eJ, ' ' ' Clarendon, 

8. Secret rnairagemept ; juggling artitice. 

Hook.r. Hudibras. 
CONVE'YANCER. /. [ from conveyance. ] 
" A lawyer V. ho draws writings by which 
pVopeny is transferred. 


CONVEYER. /. [from convey.] One who 
carries or tranlmits any thing. 

ToCONVrCT. -v. a. [convinco, Latin.] 

1, To prove guilty ; to detefl: in guilt. 


2. To confute ; to difcover to be fdife. 

CONVrCT. a. Convifled ; dettded in 

guilt. Pope. 

CONVICT. /. [from the verb.J A perfon 

caft at the bir. Jlyltffe, 

CONVl'CTION. /. [from convip.] 

1. Detedf ion of guilt. Cnveh 

2. The aft of convincing; confutation. 

CONVrCTIVE. a. [from conviB.] Hav- 
ing the power of convincing. 
To CONVI'NCE. v. a. [convinco, Latin.] 

1. To force another to acknowledge a con- 
tefted p. fit ion. TillotjOn. 

2. To convift J to prpve guilty of. 


3. To evince j to prove. Shukcfpeare. 

4. To overpower; to furmount. 


GONVINCEMENT. /. [ from convince. } 
C nviftinn. Decay of Piety, 

CONVINCIBLE. a. [itom convince.] 
I. Capable ot conviction, 
a, C-ipable of being evidently difproved, 


CDNVl'NCINCLY. ad. [ from con-vince. ] 
Jii fuch a manner as to leave no room for 
doubt. Clarendon. 

CDNVl'NCINGNESS./. [from conviiiang.] 
The power of convincing. 

ToCONVI'VE. v.a. [convivo, Lat.] To 
entertain ; to feitt. Shakejpeare. 

CONVrVAL. ? a. [convivalii, Latin.] 

CONVIVIAL. 5 Relating to an entertain- 
ment ; fertal ; focial. Dcnhom. 

CONUNDRUM- /. ' A low jeft ; a quibble. 


To CONVOCATE. v. a. [convo.o, Latin.] 
T" call ti gether. 

CONVOCATION- /• [con-:-oc:itio, Latin.] 

1. The aft of calling to an affen.bly. 


2. An affembly. Leviticus, 
3 An alfembly of the clergy for confulta- 
tion upon niatters ecclefiaftical ; as the 
parliament ccnfifts of two diltrndt houles, 
iO docs this ; the archbifhops and biihops 
fit feverally ; the reft of the clergy are re- 
prefented by their deputies. 


To CONVOKE, v.a. [ convoco, Latin. ] 
To call together ; to fummon to an afiem- 
bly. Loike. 

To CONVO'LVE- v, a. [cor-vilvo, Lat.n.] 



To Toll together ; to roll one part upon To COOL, -z/, ». 

another. Milton, !• To grow lefs hot. 

CONVOLU'TED. part, Twifted j rolled upon 2- To grow lefs warm with regard to pafll- 

jtl'elf. Woodn-ard. on. Drxdett. 

CONVOLUTION. /. [conio'utio, Latin ] CO'OLER. / [from cool.] 

The aft of rolling any thing upon irfelf. I. That which has the power of cooling 


2, The ftate of rolling together in com- 
pany. • Ibomfon. 

ToCONVOT. -v. a. [cawyer, Fr.] 'To 
accompany by land or fea, fur the fake of 

CO'NVOY. /. [from the verb.] 

1. Attendance on the road by way of de- 
fence. Shakfjfeare. 

2. The aft of attending as a defence. 
CO'NUSANCE. /. [ conoijance, French. ] 

Cognifanre ; notice. 

To CONVU'LSE. 'V. a. [cowuljus , Latin.] 
To give an irregular and involuntary mo- 
tion to the parts of any body. Tbonijon, 

CONVULSION. /. lion-vulfio, Latin.] 
1. hcon'vu.fion is an involuntary contrafti. 
on of the fibres and mufclcs. i^incy. 

Z. Any irregular and violenr motion ; com- 
m'>tion. temple. 

CONVU'LSIVE. a. [co<J-'.ul/if, Fr.] That 
which gives tw ches or fpafms. Hah. 

CO'NY. J. [conml, Fr. cunlculus, Lat.] A 
rabit ; an animal that burroughs in the 
ground. Ben. Johrtjc 

the body. Harvey. 

2. A veflel in which any thing is made 
fool. Mortimer. 

CO'OLY. ad. [from cool.] 

1. Without heat, or flijrp culd. Thomfon. 

2. Without palTion. Atterbury. 
COOLNESS, y. [fromrw/] 

1. Gentle cold j a foft or mild degree of 
cold. Bacon. 

2. Want of afteftion ; difinclination. Clar, 

3. Freedom from pallion. 
COOM. /. [,,-a«;„^ French.] 

1. Soot that gathers over an oven's mouth. 


2. That matter that works out of the 
wheels of carriages. Bailey. 

COOMB. A meafure of corn containing 
four bu/hels. Baile\\ 

COOP./, [kuyps, Dutch.] 

1. A barrel j a veffel for the prafervation 
of liquids. 

2. A cage ; a penn for animals j as poul- 
try or /heep. Broivn. 

To COOP. -v. a. [from the noun.] To fhut 
up in a narrow compafs ; to cage. Dryden, 

CONY-BOROUGH./. A place where rab- COOPE'E. /. [««/>t, French.] Amotion 

bits mdke their holes in the ground. in dancing. 

To CO'NYCATCH. v. n. To cheat ; to A CO'OPER. /. [from coop.] One that 

trick. Shakefpeare 

CO'NYCATCHER. /. A thief ; a cheat. 
To COO. v. n. [from the found.] To cry 

as a dove or pigeon. Tbomjon, 

COOK./, [coyuwj, Latin.] One whofe pro- 

feflion is to drefs and prepare viftuals for 

the table. Shakefpeare. 

COOK-MAID. /. [cook and maid.] A maid 

that drelTes provifions. Addifon. 

COOK-ROOM. /. [mo^ and rcow.] A room COOPER A'TION. /. [iiom coop:rTte.\ 

in which provifions are prepared for the The aft of contributing or concurring to 

fhip'screw. the fame end. Bacon 

To COOK. -z^.^. [co^:/o, Latin.] COO'PER.ATIVE. a. {Uc^m cooperate.'] 

I, To prepare viftuals for the table. Promoting the fame end jointly. 

Decay of Piety. COOPERA'TOR. /. [from cocperate.] He 
To prepare for any purpofe. ^^a^f/Js^arf. that, by joint endeavours, promotes the 

makes coops or barrels. Chtid 

COOPERAGE. /. [from cooper.} The 

price paid for cooper's work. 
To COO PERATE. -v. n. [con and opera, 


1. To labour jointly with another to the 
fame end. Bacon. Boyle, 

2. To concur in producing the fame elfeft. 



CO'OKERY. /. [fromcw*.] The'art of 
rireihng viftuals. Da-vies. 

COOL. a. [koelen, Dutch.] 

1. Somewhat cold j approaching to cold. 


2. Not zealous j not ardent j not fond. 
COOL. /. Freedom from heat. Addifon, 
yo COOL. -v. a. [koeUn, Dutch.] 

|. To make cool j to allay heat. 

a. To quiet paflion j tO calm anger. 


fame end with others. 
COOPTA'TJON. /. [coopto, Latin.] Adop- 

tion ; aflumption. 
COORDINATE, a. [con and ordinatus, 

L.itin.] Holding the fame rank. Watts, 
COORDINATELY. ad. \iioxn ^oordinate.\ 

In the fame rank, 
COO RDINATENESS. /. [ from coordi- 

nate,] The ftate of being coordinate. 
COORDINATION. /. [ from coordirate. ] 

The ftate of holding the fame rank ; coUa- 

teralnefs, H:ivel. 




GOOT. /. [c^.tee, ffieach.] A toalUhck CO'PIST, f. [from rt/>y.] A copyer j an 

water fowl. Drydtr. imitator. 

COP./. [kof,Datch.] The head} chclCp CO'PLAND. /. Apiece of ground which 

cf'any thing. termirtates with an acute angle. Difi. 

CO'PAL. f. The Mexican term for a gum. COPPED, a. [from cop.'] Rifing to a top 

COFA'RCEMARY. /. [(rom c^pJtcemr.] or head. PFiftman. 

Joint fuccenion to any inheritance. Hale. CO'Pi*EL. An inftrument ufed in chymiilry. 

COPA'R.C/.NER. /. [from cov and parti- Its ufe is to try and purify gold and filver. 

dps, Lat.] Cofarccnen are fuch as have CO'PPER. /. \_koptr, Dutch.] One of the 

64111! portion in the inheritance of the an 


An equa: (hare of coparceners. 

COPA'RTNER. /. [« and ;.Jr/n<r.] One 

that has a fhare in fome C'^mmon ftock or 

affair. Mtttbn. 

COPARTNERSHIP. /. [from c-.partncr.} CO'PPER. /. 

T!ic Itatc of bearing an equal part, or 

p» ifeffiig :^n equal fhare. Hale, 

CO'FATAIN. <z. [from«^f,] High r.uf- 

ed ; pointed. Uanmcr. 

COPA'YVA. /. A gum which difiiis from 

a tree in Brafil. 
COPE. /. [See Cop.] 

I. Any thing with which the head is co- 

». A iacerdotal cloak, worn in facred mi- 

3. Any thing which is fpread over the 
head. Drydcn. 

To dOpE. v. a. [from the noun.] 

1. Tofovtr, ai with a cope. jiddijon. 

2. To rewaiL j to give in return. 


3. To contend with j to oppofe. 

To COPE, -v. 71. . 

I, T:. tontend; to flruggle } to ftrive. 

*■ Philips. 

z- To interchange kindncfs or fentiments. 
CO'PESM.VrE. /. Companion j fiiend. 

CO'PlE:<.. /. [from CO/.;'.] 

1. O'le that Copies j a tranrcriber. 


2. A plagiary ; an imitator. "Ti:kel, 
CO'PING. /. [f-rMT. (Ope.] The upper tire 

ot mafc.nry ■' hich covers the wall. 

I things', 
COPIOUS, a. [ccp-j. Latin] 

J. Plentiful ; abundant; exuberant; in 

great qu;;n'.i:i!.3. 

a. Abouciiiiiig in words or image; 5 not 

barren ; not Ci^nc'ifei 
|60'PI0l'-SLY. ud. [^yomcopiorn.l 

J. pleat. tuily j abundantly ; ia great 


s. At iitge ; without brevity or concife- 

nefs J c.ffufely. Addifoii. 

CO'PIOUSNESS. /. [from coploui.] 

J. Plentv ; abundance ; exuberai.ce. 

2,. Dlftu<u.n j exuberance of rtiJc. Pryden. 

fix primitive metals. Copper is the moft 
duclile and malleable metal, after gold and 
filver. Of cpper and lapis calaminaris is 
formed brafs ; of copper and tin bell-metal j 
copper and brafs, what the French call 
bronze, ufed for figures and ftatues. 

A boiler lirger than a move- 
able pot. JUacin. 
COr-PER-NOSE. /. [copper and mfe.] A 
red nofe. fVifeman. 
COPPER PLATE. A plate on which pift- 

ures are engraven. 
COPPER- WORK. /. [cofper and wof*,] 
A place where copper is manufaftured. 


CO'PPERAS. /. [kpperooff, Dutch.] A 

name given to thtee forts of vitriol j the 

preen, .he bhiifli green, and the white. 

What is commonly fold for copperas, is an 

artificial vitriol, made of a kind of ftones 

found on the feafiiore in Eflex. 

CO'PPERSMITH. /. [copper and Jmth.} 

One that manufaftutes copper. Sivift, 


I. A little worm in (hips. 

a. A worm breeding in one's hand, 


CO'PPERY. a. [from copper."} Containing 

copper. Woodivard. 

CO'PPICE. /. [coupeau:f, Fr.] Low woods 

cut at ftated times, for fuei. Sidney. Morti. 

COPPLE-DUST. [or cupel dujt.\ Powder 

ufed in purifying it-.etalf. Bacon. 

CO'PPLED. a. [from cop.] Rifing in a 

conick form. Jt'oodivard, 

COP.SE. f. Short w«od. li^al/er. 

To COPSE, -v. a. [from the noun.] To 

preferve underwood?, ^ivfjt. 

CO'PULA. ;/". [Latin.] The word which 

unites the fubjcdt and predicate of a pfo- 

pofitif.n ; as, I'ocks drt di.:'-. J'^stts. 

To CO'PULAIE. f. ij. [,opulo, Latin.] 

To unite ; tc cc.vioin. Bucan. 

To CO'PUL.^TE. r. «, To come together 

as difturpnt fexes, Uijmin. 

COPULATION. /. [from copulate.] Tlie 

co.ngrefb or embrace of the two fcses. 


CO'PULATIVE. a. [ cofuiatirms, Lstin, ] 

A term of grammar, Cop'^h'tve propofi- 

tions are thofe which have more fubjefts j 

S3, riches a'ld .honours are temptations. 



CO'PY. /. [tofie, Fr.] 

1. A tranfcripC from the archetype or ori- 
ginal. Denbam, 
9^, An individual book 5 as, a good or fair 
copy- Hooker. 
3. The autograph ; the original ; the arch, 
etype. Holder. 
4.. An inftrumeot by which any convey- 
ance is made in law. Sbakejptare, 
5. A picture drawn from another pidure. 

COPY-BOOK./, [copy And book.] A book 
in which copies are written for learners to 

COPY- HOLD. /. [cofy ZTiii hold.] A te- 
nure, fcr which the tenant hath iiothing 
to flievv but tke copy of the rolls m-ide by 
the fteward of his lord's court. This is 
called a bafe tenure, becaufe it holds at the 
will of the lord ; yet not fimply, but ac- 
cording to the cuflom of the manor : fo 
that if a copy-holder bteik not the cuftom 
of the manor, and thereby forfeit his te- 
nure, he cannot be turned out at the lord's 
pleafure. Co-zoel. 

COPY-HOLOER. /. One that is poffeffed 
of land in copyhold. 

To CO'PY. -v. a. 

1. To tranfcnbe ; to write after an ori- 
ginal. P(-fi> 
a. To imitate j to propofe to imitation, 


To CO'PY. -v. n. To do any thing in imi- 
tation of f<>mething elfe. Drydcn. 

ToCOQUE'T.-y.fl.lfrom thenoun.jTo treat 

wiih an appearance of amorous tendernefs. 


COQUETRY. /. [ uqucterle, French. ] 
Affectation of amorous advances, j^dd-fon, 

COQUETTE. /. [coquette, Fr.] A gay, 
airy gil J who endeavours to »ttia£t notice. 

CO'RACLE. /. [ciirivgle, Welch,] A 
boat ufed in Wales by fiihers ; maide by 
drawing leather or oiled doath upon a 
frame of wicker work. 

CO'RAL. /. [coralhum, Latin.] 

1. Red coral is a plant of great hardnefs 
and rtony nature while growing in the wa- 
ter, as it has after long expofure to the 
air. Hi/1. 

Z. The piece of coral which children have 
about their necks. Pote. 

CO'RALLINE. a. Confifting of coral. 


CO'RALLINE./. Coralline is a fea plant 
ufed in medicine ; but much inferiour to 
the coral in hardnefs. Hi//. 

CO'KALLOID, or Coral lqidal. ad. 
[xo^aXXsiiS'iij.l Refenihling. coral. 

CORA'NT. /, [cBurur.tfFienQh.] A nimble 
fprightly dance. Wa/Jh, 

CO'RBAN./. [02'T5-] An alms balket. 
a gift ■■, j« alms, ' l^rig Ciar/a, 


CCRBE. a. Iccu0t, French.] C-oofeed. 


CO'RBEILS. /. Little baflcets ufed in for- 
tification, filled vvith earth, 

CO'RBEL. /. [In archicedute.] The re. 
prefentation of a ba/ket, ' 

CO'RBEL, or CoRBiL. /. A fnort piece of 
timber flicking out fix or eight inches from 
a wall. 

CORD. /. [cort, Welih ; chorda Lat.] A 
rope; aftring. BLckmorc, 

2. A quantity of wood for fuel; a pile 
eight feet long, four high, and fuur broad 

COKD-MAKER. /. [cordini r,^h.] One 
vvhofe trade is 10 make ropes j a rope- 

CORD- WOOD. /. [cordiaiicood.] Wood 
p'led uB for fuel. 

To CORD. v.a. [from the noun,] To bind 
With rope.'. 

CORDACiE. /. [from cord.] A quantity 
of cords. Ratagb. 

CORDED, a. [ham cord.] Made nf ropes. 
SI. akqpcare. 

CORDELl-ER. /. A Fx^ncifcan tner ; fo 
named from the cord wfcichferves him for 
a cindfure. Prior. 

CARDIAL. /. [from cor, the heart, Latin.] 
I. A medicine that increaies the force of 
the heart, or quickens the circulation. 
z. Any medicine that increafes ftrengch. 

3. Any thing "that comforts, gladdens, 
and exhilerates. Dr.jdtn 


1. Reviving; invigorating; reUorative. 

Shakefpeare , 

2. Sincfcre ; hearty j proceeding ir<.-m the 
heart. Hammond. 

CORDiA LITY. /. [from cordm!.] 

1. Relation to the hesrr. Brozon, 

2. Sincerity ; freedom from hvpocrify. 
CO'RDIALLY. ad. [ftpqi /catdtaL] Sin- 
cerely ; heartily. ' South. 

CQRDINER. /. [fOrc'oBBw, French.] a 

fhoemaker. Cozccl 

CORDON, j. [Fr.] A row of ftones. 

Cp'RDWAlN. /. [Cordovan U^xhti.] Spa- 

njfh leather Spfnfer, 

CORDWA'INER. f. A fhoemaker. 
CORR. /. lemur, French,] 

I, The heart. Sbakej^tan. 

Z. The inner part of any ihing. Ralngb. 

3. The inner pare of a fruic which con- 
tains the kernels. Ba^i^n. 

4. Tiie matter contained in a boil rr lore, 

Z?r, ././-, 
CORIA'CEOUS. a. [vr^aceut, .Lat.j 

1. Confining of leather. 

2. Of a fubft^ulte-reiennbling leather. 

j^rhuthnot ■ 
COiyA'NDER, /, .A plant. 



CO'RINTH. /. A fmall fruit commonly 
called currant. Brt/on.e, 

CORI'NTHIAN Ortjer, is generally reckon- 
ed the fourth, rf the five orders of archi- 
tedlute. The capital is adorned vvith two 
rows of leaves, between which little ftalks 
arile, of which the fixteen volutes are 
fcrmed, which fupport the abacus. Han is, 

CORK. /. [.orux, Lat ] 

1. A glandiferous tree, in all refpefts like 
the ileXj excepting the bark. Mrl'er. 

2. The bark of the cork tree ufed for 

3. The ftopple of a bottle. ^'"T,- 
CORKING- PIN. /. A pin of the Jargell 

fize. S-zL'.ft. 

CO'RKY. a. [from cork.] Confifting of 

cork. Shjkffl>fare. 

CO'RMORANT. f. \cormorav, Fr.J 

1. A bird that preys upon lirti. 

2. A glutton. 
CORN. /. [c..]in, Sax.] 

1. The feeds which grow in ears, not i.ii 
pods. John xii. 2c. 

2. Grain yet unreaped, Ktiolles. 

3. Grain in the ear, yet unthrefhed. yd'. 

4. An excrefcence on the feet, hard and 
painful. Pf^ifiman, 

To CORN. -v. a. [from the noun.] 

1, To fait ; to fprinkle with fait. 

2. To granulate. 

CORN-IIELD. /. A field where corn is 
growing. Shahefpeare. 

CORN- FLAG. /". [con: 3n^Pg.-] A'plant : 
the leaves are jike ihole cf the fleur-de-lys, 

CORN-FLOOR.' 7: The floor where corn 
is ftored. Hof. ix. 

CORN FLOWER. /. [from c*^n and Jl,iu- 
fr.] The blue bottle. Bacon. 

CORN-LAND. /. [,-or« and land.-] Land 
appropriated ;o the produdlion of grain. 


CORN- MASTER./. [«rn and /«a/?<r.] One 
that cultivates c rn for fale. Biicon, 

CORN-MILL. /. [corn and mtU.] A mill 
to grind corn into meal. Mortimer. 

CORN- PIPE. /. A pipe made by flitting 
the joint of a green ftalk of corn. Tickel. 

CORNSALLAD. /. Com-falhid is an herb, 

whole top-leaves are a fallet of themfelves. 


CO'RNAGE. /. [from come, Fr.] A te- 
nure which obliges the landholder to give 
nntifcei.f an invahon by blowing a horn. 

CO'RNCHANf'LER. j. {com and chand- 
ler,] One that retails corn. 

CO'RNCQTTER. /. [from corn and cut.] 
A man whofe profsOicn is to extirpate 
corns from the foot. IVifeman, 

CO'RNEL. 7 /. [cornus, Lat. J 

CORNELIAN TREE. S The Corml-tree 
beareth the fiuit commonly called the cor- 
nel or cornelian cherry. Mortimer, 


CO'RNEMUSE. f, [French.]' A kind rf 

ruftick flute. 
CO'RNEOUS. a. \_corneiis, Latin.] Horny j 

of a fubftunce refembling horn. Broiun, 
CO'RNER. /. [cone!, Welfh.] 

1. An angle. 

2. A fecret or remote place. 

Proferbs. Davies, 

3. The extremities ; the utmoft limit. 


CORNER STONE. /. The ftone that 
unites the two walls at the corner. Iloivef. 

CORNER-TEETH of a Horfe, are the four 
teeth which are placed between the midd- 
ling teeth and the tiifhes. Farrier's DiB, 

CO'RNERWISE. ad, [corner and w//<?.J 
Dijg nally. 

CO'RNET. /. {cornette, French.] 

1. A mulical inftrument blown with the 
mouth. Bacon. 

2. A company or troop of horfe. 


3. The officer that bears the flandard of a 

4. Co P. a TT of a Horfe, is the loweft part 
of his pafltrn that runs round the coffin. 

Forrier'' i DiEi, 

5. A fcarf anciently worn by doftors. 
CO'RNETTER. /, [from cornet ] A blower 

of the cornet. Hakeivill, 

CORNICE. /. [ corniche, French. ] The 

higheft projeiflion of a wall or column. 

COR'NICLE. /. [from comu, Latin.] A 

little horn. 
CORNI'GEROUS. a, [ comiger, Latin. ] 

Horned ; having horns. Broivn, 

CORNO'COPJAS. f. [Lat.] The horn of 

To CORNU'TE. v. a. [cornutus, Latin.] 

To bellow horns J to cuckold. 
CORNU'TED. a. [comutus, Utin.] Graft- 
ed with horns ; cuckolded. 
CORNU'TO. /. [from comutus, Latin.] A 

man horned ; a cuckold. i>hakeff>eare. 

CORNY, a. [ from comu, horn, Latin. ] 

1. Strong or hard like horn j horny. 


2. [from corn.] Producing grain or corn. 

CO'ROLLARY. /. [corcllarium, Lat. from 

1. The condufion. 

Government of ihe Tovgue, 

2. Surplus. Sbakcfpearc. 
CORO'N^.f. [Latin. ]The crown of an order. 
CO'RONAL. f, [corona, Latin.] A crown j 

a garland. Spenfer. 

CO'RONAL. a. Belonging to the top of 

the head. JVijeman, 

CO'RONARY. a. [ccronarius, Latin.] 

1, Relating to a crown. Broiun, 

J. It is applied in anatomy to arteries, 


fancied to encompafs the heart in the man- 
ner of a garland. Bcr.tley. 

CORONATION. /. [from corona, Latin.] 
1. The a£t or folemnity of crowning a 
king. Sidney. 

1. The pomp or afTembly prefent at a cu- 
ronatinn. Pope, 

CORONER. /. [from corova.] An officer 
whufeduty is to enquire, how any violent 
death was occifioned. Hhakefpeare, 

CO'RONET. /. [corone!fa,Un].'} An infe- 
riour crown worn by the nobihty. 

Sidney. Shakejpfare. 

eO'RPORAL. /. [corrupted from caporal, 
French.] The loweft officer of the in- 
fantry. Gay. 

CO'RPORAL of a Ship. An officer that 
hath the charge of fetting the watches and 
fentries. Iljrrii. 

CORPORAL, a. [.rrpr^rel, Fr.] 

I. Relating to the body 3 belonging to the 
body. ^ficrliury, 

2.. Material; not fpiritual. Shakfpea^e. 

CORFORA'LITY. j. [from fcr/sra/.] The 
quality of beinp embodied. Raleigh. 

Cd'RPORALLV. d//. lhomccrpoial.'\ Bo- 
dily. Erozvn. 

CO'IirORATE. a. [ from corpus, Latin. ] 
United in a bodv or community. Stvijt. 

CO'APORATENESS. /. [from corporate.} 
A community. 

CORI'ORA'TION. /. [from corpus, L.t.] 
A body politick, authorized to h.ive a com- 
mon feaj, one head officer or more, able 
by their common confent, to grant or re- 
ceive in law, any thing within the compafs 
of their charter : even as one man. 

Coivel. Dazties, 

CO'RPORATURE. /. [from corpus, Lat.] 
The ftateof being embodied. 

CORPO'REAL. a. [ccrpcreus, Lat.] Riv- 
ing a body ; not immaterial. Tillotfon. 

CORFOR.E'lTy. /. [from corporeus. Lit.] 
Materiality; bodilinefs. Still nyfiat. 

COlPOillFICATlOM./. [from corp r.fy.} 
The aft of giving bodv or palpabii'ny. 

To CO'RPORIFY. i/. a.' [from cor;. (/.r. Lit.] 
To embody. Boyle. 

COR''S 7 

CORPSE. 5 /• i"''P'> French.] 

1. A body. Djden. 

2. A carcafe ; a dead body ; a cor.'e. 

5. A body of forces. 
CORPULENCE. 1 , , , . , -, 
CORPULENCY. 5 /• ["'■Z'"''"'"^. Lat.] 

1. Bulicinefs of body ; flediinefs. Danne. 

2. .Spi.litude ; grolFnefs of matter. Ray. 
CO'RPULENT. a. [ corpulentus, Latin, j 

Flefty ; bulky. Ben. Johnjoi,. 

CORPU'SCLE. /. [corptifniJum, Lat.] A 

fmall body ; an atom, Neii-ton 


CORPU'SCULAR. 7 a. [hem corpt/f. 

CORPUSCULA'RIAN.5 c«'«m,Lat.] Re- 
lating to b'.dies J comprifing bodies. 

Boyle. Ben'ley. 

To CORRA'DE. "v.a. [ corrado, Latin. J 
To rub off' ; to fcrape together. 

CORRADLVTION./. [can anA radius, Lat.] 
A conjundlion of rays in one point. Bacon., 

To CORRE'CT. •?/.«. [(orre^um, Latin.] 

1. To puniflj J tochaflifej to difcipline. 


2. To amend ; to take away faults. 


3. To obvi.ite the qualities of one ingre- 
dient by another. Prior, 

4. To remark faults. 

CORRE'CT. a. [corr'aus, Latin.] Revife« 

<ir fin filed with exadtnefs. Felton. 

CORRECTION./, [fromwrc^.] ' 

1. FuniJhment 3 dilcipline j ch.iltifemenr. 


' 2. A'^ of taking away faults ; amendment.. 


5. That which is fubflltuted in the place 
of nny thing wrong. JVatts. 

4. Reprehenfion ; animadverfinn. Breivr, 

5. Abatement of noxious qualities, by the 
addition of fomctiiing contrary. Dunne. 

CORPvE'CTlONER. /. [ from co'retlion. ] 
A jayl-bird. Sbakcfpeare. 

CORRE'CT !VE. a. [from correB.] Having 
tiie power to alter or obv,ate any bad qua- 
lities, y^rbutbnot. 


I. That which has the power of altering 
or cbviating pny thing amifs. South, 

Z Limitation ; reliriftion. Hale, 

CORRE'CILY. ad. Accurately ; appo- 
fite'y ; e.xartly Locke, 

CORRE'CTNESS./. [from «r;Y,57.] Accu- 
racy ; exadlntfs, Siuift, 

CORRECTOR./, [from «rr/<«7. ] 

1. He that amends, or alters, by punifli- 
ment. Sprat. 

2. Ke that revifes any thing to free it from 
faults. Stvrj":. 

3. Such an ingredient in a compofition, as 
gu?rds agiinll or abates the force of ano- 
th.r. ^ 

To CO'RRELATE. v. n. [from con and re- 
ia'u!, Lirif.J To have a reciprocal re- 
lari.jn, as father an'd fun. 

CO'RRELATE. /. One that flands in the 
ODpolite relation. Scutl. 

CORRE'LATI VE.r7.rfon and rcLti-vus, Lat.] 
Having a reciprocal relation. Soutb. 

CORRELATIVENESS. /. [from (crreia- 
tit'e.l The flate of bemg correlative. 

CORRELATION. / [corrcptum, Lat ] Ob- 
jurgation ; chiding ; reprebenfion ; reproof. 
GoTernment of the 'iorgue. 

T) CORRESPO'ND. v. n. [on and 
da, Litir,.] 

" Ud I. T« 


t. To fult J to anfwer j to fif. Locke. 
«. To keep up commerce with ai.other by 
alternate letters. 
CORRESPO'NDENCE. 7 /. [from corref- 

I. Relation J recipr>.cal adiptation of one 

thing to another, 

a. lattrcourfej reciprocal intelligence. 

K:ng Charles. Deuhafrr. 
3. Friendfljip ; interchange of offices or ci- 
vilities. Bcicon. 
CORRESPONDENT, a. [from icrrejfo"d ] 
Suitable 5 adapted ; agreeable } anlwera- 
ble. Hooker. 
CORRESPO'NDENT. /. One with whom 
intelligence or commerce is kept up by 
mutual meilages or letters. Denham. 
CORRESPO'NSIVE. a, [from correfpQ/jd.] 
Anfwerablej adapted to any thing. 

CO' R RIDO R. f. [French.] 

I. The covert way lying round the fortifi- 

a. A gallery or long ifle round about a 
building, Harris. 

CORRIGIBLE, a. [from corrigo, Latin.] 
J. That which may be altered or amended, 
a. Punifhable, HoiveL 

3. Correflive j having the power to cor- 
rtQ. Stah'-fpenre. 

CORRI'VAL. /. [con and ri-va!.] Rival j 
competitor. Spenfcr. 

eORRI'VALRY. /, [from corrival.} Com- 
CORROBORANT, a. [from corroborate.'] 
Having the power to give ftrcngth. Bacon, 
To CORRO'BORATE, -v. a. [con and ro- 
koro, Latin,] 

J. To confirm ; to eftabliili. Bacon, 

%, To rtrengthen j to make flrong. 

CORROBORA'TION. /. [ from corroto- 
rate.] The ad of ftrengthening or con- 
firming. Bacon, 
CORROBORATIVE, a, [from corroUr- 
ati,] Having the power of increafing 
«rength. Wifeman. 
To CORRO'DE> v. a. [ corrolo, Latin. ] 
To eat away by degrees 5 to wear away 
gradually. Boyle. 
CORRO'DENT. a. [from corrode.] Hav- 
ing the power of corroding or walling. 
CORRO'DiBLE. a. [from corcde.] Polfible 
to be confumed. B'O'ion, 
CCRRODY. / [corrodo, Latin»] A defal- 
cation from an allowance. ylyliffe. 
CORROSIBl'LITY. /. [ from corofble. ] 
Poflibility to be confumed by a raenftru- 
CORRO'SIBLE. a, [from corrode.] Poffi- 

ble to be cunAimed by a menftruum. 
CORRO'SIBLENESS. /. [frora corrcfiblt.'] 
Sufceptibility of cotrofion. 


CORRO'SION. /. [coirodo, Latin.] The 
powtr of eating or wearing away by de- 
gree"^, Woodicard, 
COAF-IO'SIVE. a. [corroJo, Latin,] 
I. Having the power of wearing away. 

z. Having the quality to fret or vex. 


1. That which has the quality of wafting 
any thng away. SpenJ&r. 

2. TtiJt which has the power of giving 
pain. Hooker. 

CORROSIVELY, ad. [from corro/i-ve.] 
1. Like a corrofue. Bojle. 

1. With the power of corrofion. 

CORRO'SIVENESS. /. [ from c^rroftve, \ 
The quality of corroding or eating away 5 
acrimony. Donne. 

CORRUGANT. a. [from rcrrr.'^^/f.] Hav- 
ing the power of contracting into wrinkles. 

To CORRUGATE -v. a, [ccrrugo, \.iu] 
To wrinkle or purfeup, Bacon^ 

CORRUGATION. /. [from arrugate. ] 
C:ntra61ion into wrinkles. Hoyr. 

To CORRUPT. ■v,a, [corrupts, Latin.] 
I. To turn frond a found to a putrefcent 
ftate ; to infe£t. 

2-. To deprave 5 to deftroy integrity ; to 
vtiite. 2 Or. Locke, Pope.. 

To CORRUPT, t/. n. To become putrid j 
to grow rotten. Bacon. 

CORRU'PT. a. [from corrupt.] Vitious ; 
tainted with wickednefs. 

Epb. IV. 29 Shakefpeare, South, 

CORRU'PTER. /. [irom corrupt.] He that 
taints or vitiates. yldd:lon. 

CORRUPriBl'LITY./. [from corruptible.^ 
Poflibility to be corrupted. 

CORRU'PriCLE. a. [from corrupt,] 

1. Sufceptible of dcftrudlion. 

Hooker, TiUotJcn. 

2. Poinble to be viti.ited, 
CORRU'PTIBLENESS. /, [from corrupt!. 

hie. J Sufceptihility of corruption, 
CORRU'HTIBLY. ad. [from corruptihl:.\ 

In luch a manner as to be corrupted, 

CORRUPTION./, [corrf'ptio, Lat.j 

1. The principle by which bodies tend to 
the feparation of their parts. 

2, Wickednefs 5 perverfion of principles, 

5. Putrefcence. Btackrr.cre, 

4. Matter or pui in a fore, 

5. The means by which any thing is vi- 
tiated ; depravation. Raleigh. 

CORRUPTIVE, a, [from c'}rtupt.] Hav- 
ing the quality of tainting or vitiating. 

CORRU'PTLESS. a. [fron corrupt.] In- 

fufceptible of corruotion j undecaying. 
CORRUTTLY. ud, '[from ccrru^t.] 

6. Wit]* 


1, With corruption ; with taint. 


2. Vitioufly ; contrary to parity. Camden. 
COl^RU P FNESS. /. [(xom corrupt.] The 

qualnv of coiriiptinn ; putrefcence j vice. 
CO'kSy/l/i. f. [French.] A pirate. 
CORSE. / [cerps, French.] 

1. A b dy. Spertfer, 

2. A dfad body ; a farcafe, Addijon. 
CORSELET. /. [ccrjdct, French.] A 

light armour for the forepart of the body. 
Fairfax. Pricr. 

CORTICAL, a. [ cer/ex, b-rk, Latin. ] 
Bjrky J belonging to the rind. Cheyne. 

CO'RTICATED. a. \J\on\ cvrticatu!,Lit.] 
Refemb'.ing the bark of a tree. Broivrr. 

CORTICOSE. a. [from corticofui, Latin.] 
Full of bark. 

CORVETTO. /. The curvet. Peachnm. 

CORU':,CANr. ^. [corufco, Latin.] Glit- 
tering by flifhes ; liartiing. 

CORU -.CATION. /". [corufcAtio, Latin.] 
Fta/h J quick vibration of light. Garth. 

CORVMSIATED. a. [co'-ym&u!.] Gar- 
nilhtfd with branches of berries. 

CORYMBITEROUS. aJ. [ orymhus and 
fero, Litin,] Bearing fruit or berries in 

CORT'MBUS. f. [Latin.] 

Amongft ancient botanifls cluners of ber- 
ries : amongft mcdcrn botanills a com- 
pounded difcaus flower; fuch are the flow- 
ers of daifiesj and common marygold. 

COSCrNOMANCY. /. [xoVxivc?, a fieve, 
and |WavTsia, d.vination.] The art of di- 
vination by mean? of a fieve. 

COSECANT./. [In geometry.] The fe- 
cant of an arch, which is the complement 
of another to ninety degrees. Harris. 

COSIER. /.[from <r5;//;r,old French, to few.] 
A botcher. Hhakefpcare, 

CO'SINE. /. [In geometry.] The right 
line of an arch, which is the complement 
of another to ninety degrees. Harris, 

COSME'TICK. a. [wa^junTuoj.] Beauti- 
fying. Pope. 

COSMICAL a. [xoV^oc] 

1. Relating to the world. 

2. Rifing or fetting with thefiin. Brvivn. 
COSVIICALLY. ad. SJxom co^mtcal] With 

the fun ; not acronychally. Brown. 

COSMOGONY./ [;coV;x(,;, and yl,r,.\ The 

rrfe or birth of the woiid ; the creation. 
COSMO GRAFHER. / [xia-juoc and y^i- 

<))M.] Oae who writes a deftription of the 

world. Bronun. 

COSMOGRA'PHICAL. a. [Uom cofmogra- 

phy.] Relating to the general defcription 

of the world. 
COSMOGRA'PHICALLY. ad. [from cof. 

mogri'pbicil.] In a manner relating to the 

firiwturc of the woild. Sn^cr;, 


COSMO'GRAPHY. /. [x.V^ocand ypa^x'.] 

The fcience of the general ly ftem or alftcti- 

ons of the world. South, 

COSMOPO'LITAN. 7 /. [x^Vorand ^oX,- 
CO'SMOPOLITE. S Tjjr.] A cir.zen of 

the world j one who is at home in every 

CO'SSET. /, A lamb brought up without 

the dam. Spinfer. 

COST. / [k'^, Dutch,] 

I. The price of any thing. 

a. Sumptuoufnefs ; luxury. WaUcr. 

3. Charge; expence. Crafranv. 

4. Lufs ; fine ; detriment. Knollet, 
To COST. -v. n. pret. cc^ ; partidp. coji, 

[to-fier^ French.] To be bought for ; to 
be had at a price. Drydert. 

CO'STAL. a. [cefla, Lat. a rib.] Belong- 
ing to the ribs. Brcwru 

CO'STARD. f. [from cojier, a head.] 
I. A head. Shak-fpcare. 

z. An apple round and bulky like the 
head. Burton, 

CO'STIVE. a. [con/iife, Ft.] 

1. Bound in the body. Prior, 

2. Clofe J unpermeable. Mortimer, 
CO'STIVENESS. /. [from coP've.] The 

ftate of the body in which excretion is ob. 
flrufled. Lock:, 

CO'STLINESS. / [fvomcoJ}ly.-] Sumptu- 
oufnefs ; expenfivenefs. CUnville. 

COSTLY, a. [fromfs/?.] Sumptuous; ex- 
penfive. Dr^den. 

COSTMARY. /. f<)/7M.L3tin.] An herb. 

CO'STREL. /. A bottle. Skinner. 

COT. 1 At the end of the names of places. 

COTE. > from the Saxon cot, a cottage. 

COAT. ) Cbjon. 

COT,/. [coe.Sax.] Afmallhoufe; ahut; 
a mean habitation. Fenton. 

COT. /". An abridgement of f«or<ea;i. 

COTA'NGENT. / [In geometry ] The 
tangent cf an arch which is the comple- 
ment of another to ninety degrees. 

To COTE. -v. a. To leave behind. 


COTEMPORARY. a. [ «« and tempus^ 
Latin.] Living at the fame time ; coeta- 
neous. Locke. 

CO'TLAND. /. {cot and land.] Land ap- 
pendant to a cnttage. 

CO TQUEAN. /. A man who buHes bim- 
felf with women's aftairs. 

Shakefpeare. Addifov. 

CaTTAGE. /. [from cot.] A hut ; a 
mean habitation. Zeph. ii. 6 Taylor. Fopi. 

CO'TTAGER. /. [from cottage.] 
1. O/ie who lives in a hut or cottage. 

z- One that lives in the COIB non, without 
paying rent. Eacsr, 

X>d z 


C O V 

[frcm ca.J One who in- 

The down of the cotton- 
CJoih or flufr' made ci cot- 


habits a cot. 
CO TTON. /. 



CO'TTON. /. 

To CO'TTON. -v. n. 

1. To rife with a nap. 

2. To cement ; to unite with. Sivifc. 
To COUCH, -v. n. \Loucber, Frenfh.J 

1. To lie down on a place of repofe. 


2. To lie down on the knees, as a beaft to 
reft. Dryden. 

3. To lye down, in ambufh. Ha)ivurd. 

C O V 

v.ho takes a covenant. A word introduecd 
in the civil wars. 

Oxford Reafons againfi the CoTtnanf, 

CO'VENOUS. a. '[from co'vin.] F'audu- 
lent ; collufive j tiickii'L. Bacon, 

To COVER, -v. a, [cowvrir, French.) 

I. To overfpread any thing with forr^e- 

thing elfe, ULakcJpears, 

Z. To conceal under fomething laid over. 


3. To hide by fiiperficial appearances. 

4. To overwiicJm ; to bury. PFatd, 

5. To fhelter ; to conceal from harm. 

6. To incubate ; to brood on, Addijon, 

7. To copulate with a female. 

8. To wear the hat. Dryden, 

To lye in a ftratum. DiUietooomy. CO'V'ER. /. [fnm the verb.] 

5. To ftoop or bend down, in fear, in 
pain. Genejis, 

To COUCH, -v. a. 

I. To repofe j Co lay on a place of repofe. 
a. To by down any thing in a flratum. 

Mo' timer, 

3. To bed ) to hide in another body. 

4. To involve j to include ; to comprife. 

^, To include fecretly ; to hide. South. 
To lay clofe to another. Sfrnjr 

7. To fix the fpear in the reft. Dryden. 

8. To deprefs the tiim thai overfpieads the 
pupil of the eye. Dcnnn. 

COUCH /. [from the verb] 

1. A feat of repofe, on which it is common 
to lye'down dreffed. Dryder,. 

2. A bed ; a place of repofe. Addijon, 

3. A layer, or ftratum., 
COUCHANT. a. [couchant, Fr.] Lying 

down ; fquatting, Milton. 

CO'UCHEE. f. [Vrench.] Bedtime ; the 

time of vifiting bte at night. Dryden, 

CO'UCHER. /• [horn coucl\] He that 

couches or deorelTes cataracts. 
CO'UCHFELLO'VV. /. [couch and /■//c-.u.] 

Bedfellow ; companion. Shukeipsjrc. 

CO'UCHGRASS. /. A weed. M.riim.r. 
t^OVE. /. 

1. A fmall creek or bay. 

2. A fhelter j a cover. 
CO'VENANT. /. [con-vena„t, Fr.] 

-I. A contraft ; a lUpulation. 

2. An agreement on ccriam terms ; a com- 
pa£i. Hr.mmond, 

3. containing the terms ot agree- 
ment. Shake,! cu-e. 

To CO'VENANT. "j. v. [from the noun, j 
I. To bargain ; to ibpulatc. South. 

[fro.m co-venant.'\ 

Any thing that is laid over another. 

2. A concealment ; a fcreen ; a veil. 

■X, Shel;er ; defence. C/arevdor. 

COVER SHAME. /. [co-vennA Jhame.'] 
iiome appearance to conceal infamy. 


COVERING. /. [from cover,'\ Drefs j 

veflure. S'uth. 

CO'VERLET. /. [cou-vrelit, French.] The 

ooteimoft of the bedcloaths ; that under 

which all the reft are concealed. Sferrjtr, 

COVERT./, [cou-uert, French,] 

I. A fheher ; a dcfencj. 

1. A thicket, or hiding place, 

CO'VERT. a. [couvert, French.] 

1. Sheltered j not open j not expofed. 


2. Secret ; hidden j private 5 infidious, 

COVERT, a. [auvnt, Yxench.'] The ftate 
ef a Ihtltered by matiiage under 




COVERT- Vv'AY. /. [from covert and ivay.^ 
A fpace f)f ground level with the field, 
three or four fathom broad, ranging quite 
round the half moons, or other works to- 
ward the country. Harris. 

CO'VERTLY. ad. [{tomco-vcrt.] Secretly j 
cliifflv. Dryden. 

CO'VER.TNESS./. [Uomco-vcr!.] Secrecy; 

COVERTURE. /, [hom coi'ert.} 
I. Shelter; defence} not expofure. 

2i In law. The eftate and conditi'-n of a 
marvied woman. Coicel. Daviet, 

To CO' VET. -v. a. [contoitcr, French.] 
I. To dcfire inordinately J to defire beyond 
due bounds. S/jak,fpeart, 

COVENANTE'E. f. [from covenant.] A a. To dtfire earneftly. I Cor. 

party to a covenant ; a ttipuiutor 3 a bar- T-j GOVET. -v. n. To have a ftrong de- 
gainer. . Jh'itfe. fire. I '7"J?. 
COVENA'NTER. /. [from fdz-fiw/ir. j Oiic QO'VETABLE, a. [from co'vct.'\ To be 

wiftcd for, 


c o u 

CIO'VETISE. /. [c:>n-vo;t7je, French.] Ava- 
rice ; covetoufnefs. Cpsnjjr, 

CO'VETOUS. a. [con-voiteuy, [Fr.j 

I. Inordinately defirous. Dryden, 

a. Inordinately eager uf money j avarici- 
ous. 2 P((- 
3. Defirous 5 ejger : in a good fenfe. 


COVETOUSLY, ad. {jxamto-vetouiP^ A'it- 
ritiouily ; eagerly, Shi>keJ'f>eare, 

CO'VETOUSNESS. /. [from co-vdout.] A- 
varice ; eagernefs of gain, TiliOtJon, 

CO'VEY. /. [couvee, French.] 

I. A hatch ; an old bird with her young 


T,- A number of birds together. Addifon. 

COUGH, /. \_kuch, Dutch.] A convulfion 
of the lungs. Smith. 

To COUGH, -v. n. \kuchen, Dutch.] To 
have the lungs convulied ; to makeanoife 
in endeavouring to evacuate the peccant 
matter from the lungs, Sbakejpeate. Pope, 

To COUGH, -v. a. To ejed by a cough, 


CO'UGKER. /, [from cougb.'^ One that 

COVIN, 7/. A deceitful agreement be- 

C'OVJNE. i tween two or more to the hurt 
cf another, 

CO'VING. /, [ from cove. ] A term in 
building, ufed of houfes that projedt over 
the ground plot, Harris. 

COULD, [the imperfedl preterite of fa;;.] 


CO'ULTER, /. [eul:,r, Latin.] The fliarp 
iron of the plow which cuts the earth. 


CO'UNCIL. /. [covcilium, Lat.] 

1. An alfembly of perfons met together in 
confultation. Msttheic. 

2. An affembly of divines to deliberate up- 
on religion. Watts, 

3. Perfons called together to be confulted. 


4. The body of privy connfellors. S/bak. 
COUNCIL-BOARD. /. [coumilzndioard.] 

Council-table; table where matters of fta;e 
are deliberated. Clarendon, 

CO'UNSEL. /. [con^Hum, Lat.] 

1. Advice ; direQion. C'arendon. 

2. Deliberation. Hooker. 

3. Prudence ; art ; machination. Fro'verbs, 

4. Secrecy j the fecrets intruHed in con- 
lulting. Sbakefpeare, 

5. Scheme ; purpofe ; defign. I Cir. 
6- Thofe that plcid a caufe j the counlel- 
icrs. Pope. 

To COUNSEL, -v. a. [con/ilior, Lat.] 

1. To give advice or counfel to any perfon, 

Ben, yohnlon. 

2. To advife any thing, Dryden. 
CO'UNSELLABLE.a. [from ««n/f/.] Will- 

ing to receive and follow advice. Clar, 

c o u 

C0UN.<;ELL0R. /. [from counfel^ 

1. Oi>e that gives advice. Wifd. viii. 9, 

2. Connoant j bofom friend. JValUr. 

3. One whofe province is to deliberate and 
advife upon publick affairs. Bjcon. 

4. One that is confulted in a cafe of law. 
COUNSELLORSHIP. /. [Uom coi<nJdhr.^ 

The office or polt cf privy couiilellor. 

To COUNT, -v a. [compter, Fr.] 

1. To number ; tnteli. South. 

2. To preferve a reckoning. Locke. 

3. To reckon} to place to an account. 


4. To erteem ; to account ; toconfideras 
having a certain charaiSer, Hooker. 

5. To impute to ; to charge to, Ro-wc. 
To Count, -v.n. To tound an account or 

fcheme. Swift. 

count, /. Icompte, Fr,] 

1, Number, Spenfer. 

2. Reckoning, Shakefpeare. 
COUNT./. [comte,Vr,] A title of foreign 

nobility ; an earl, 
COUNTABLE, a. [from count.} That 

which may be numbered, Spenfer 

CO'UNTENANCE. /. [countenance, Fr. ] * 

1. The form of the face 3 the fyftem of 
the features, Mikcn. 

2. Air ; look, Shakefpeare. 

3. Calmnefs of Jock J compofure ot face. 


4. Confidence of mien j afped of affurance. 

Clare>;don, Sprat, 

5. Affedion or ill-will, as it appears upon 
the face, Spenfer. 

6. Patronage ; appearance of favour ; fup- 
port. Da-vies. 

7. Superficial appearance. y^Lham. 
To COUNTENA'NCE. -v. a. [from the 


1. To fupport J topatronife; to vindi- 
cate. Brown. 

2. To make a Ihew of. Spenfer. 

3. To ad; fuitably to any thing. Staicfp, 

4. To encourage j to appear in defence. 

COUNTENA'NCER./. [from countenance.] 
One that countenances or fupports another. 
CO'UNTER, /. [from count.] 

1. A falfe piece of money ufed as a means 
of reckoning. Sivift. 

2. The form on which goods are viewed and 
money told in a /hop. Dryden. 

3. Counter of a Horfe, is that part of 
a horfe's forehand that lies between the 
Ihoulder and under the neck. 

Farrier" s DiEl. 
CO'UNTER ad. [contre, Fr.] 

1. Contrary to j in oppofition to. South. 

2. The wrong way. Shakefpeare. 

3. Contrary ways. Locke. 


c o u 

To COUNTERA'CT. -v. n. f «r/<jvr 2nd 
aB.\ To hii;der any thing from its effeit 
bv .ontrary agency. tioutb. 

To COUNTERBA'LANCE. -v. a. [counur 
anc) balarce.'^ To adl agamft with an op- 
polite weight. Boylf, 

COUNTERBA'LANCE./. [from the verb. J 

Oppofire weight. LiCic. 

To COUNTERBUFF. -v. a. [from low.t.r 
and b'-'Jj.l To iiBpell j to firike back. 


COUNTEREU'FF. /. [courier snA buff .] A 
ftroke that produces a recoil. 

Sidney. Ben. y^hnj-m. 

CO'UNTERC ASTER. /. [ counter, and 
caflir~\ A bookkeeper J a cafttr of ac- 
counts ; a reckoHT. Shak<fpsare, 

CO'UNTERCHANGE, /. [ eomiier and 
(bange.'] Exchange ; reciprocation. 

Sha kefpcare. 

To CO'UNTERCHANGE. f. a. to give 
and feceive. 

COUNTERCHA'RM. /. [ co-m,r and 
cb^rm. ] That by which a charm is dif- 
folved. Po^e. 

To COUNTERCHA'RM. "j. a. [from caun- 
t.r and cbarm.] To deflroy the efteft of 
an enchantment. Di'cav of Piety. 

ToCOUNTERCHE'CK. v. a. [('omw and 
cbtck.l^ To oppofe. 

COUN J ERCHE'CK. /. [fern the verb,] 
Stop ; rebuke. ^h^kcjpdm. 

To COUNTERDRA'W. v. a. [from ^rc-an- 
ter and t/'^w J To cni>y a defign by means 
of an oiled pjper, whereon the ftrokes ap- 
pearing through are traced with a pencil. 
Chembt n, 

COUNTERE'VIDENCE. /. [ counur and 
evicl(:nce'^ Teftimony by which the depo- 
fition of fome former witnefs is oppofed. 


To CO'UNTERFEIT. -v. a. {cmrefane, 


1. To copy with an intent to pafs the copy 

for an orig.nai. Waller. 

1, To imitate 5 to copy ; to refembie. 

CO'UNTERFEIT. a. [from the verb. ]' 

1. That wbich is made in imitation of ano- 
ther ; fjrged ; fi£lit!0us, Loike, 
•Z. Deceitf'il ; hypocrytical. 

CCUNTERFt!'!'//- U^°'^ the verb.] 
J. One who perfoaates another j an im- 
poftor. Bacon. 

2. Something made in imitation of ano- 
ther ; a forgery. Irl/orfon. 

CO'UNI ERFEITER. /. [from ccunt.rf^n.] 
A forger. Camden. 

CO'UNTERFEITLY. aJ. [ from counter- 
feit.'] Fdlfely } with forgery. Sh:ikeff>fare. 

€OUNTER.FE'RM['.NT. f. [ counter and 

fitment. 1 Feiment ocpofed tof<fiment. 
- Md'jor., 

c o u 

COUNTERFE'SANCE. /. [rjumtrtfaijantf^ 
Fr.] Thead uf counlerftiting J foignry. 

CO'UNTTERFORT. f from r,-/«^rr anctyir/.j 
Counterfort!, are pillars icrvtng to fupporc 
walls, fubjrdf to bulge. Chamber}. 

COUNTERGA'GE. /. [from countir and 

.?";?''■] A methiio ufed to meafure the 

joints by tf-infftrring the breadth of a mor- 

tife to the p ace where the tcn^n is to be. 


COUNTERGUA'RD. /. [from count.r and 
guird.] A fmall rampart with parapet 
and ditth. Military D.ti. 

COUNTERLI'GHT. /. [from c.u>.t.r and 
light.] A window or IgiiC oppofne to any 
thing. Chambers. 

To COUNTERMA'ND. -v. a. [contrcman- 
der, Fr.] 

I. To order the contrary to what was or- 
dered before. South, 
S. To contradiifl the orders of another. 


COUNTERMA'ND. /. {cor.lrerrand, Fr. ] 
Repeal of a former order. Sbukefpaxre. 

To COUNTERM.A'RCH. 11.' «. [iounter 
and march.] To march backward, 

COUNTERMA'RCH. / [from the verb ] 
I. Retr^ csflion ; march backward. Col i r. 
a. Change of meafures } alteration of con- 
ciiift. Burnet. 

COUN'TERMA'RK. /. [ from cottnitr mA 
murk. ] 

J. A fecond or third mark put on a bale of 
a. The mnrk of the goldfmiths company, 

3. An artificial cavity made in the teeth of 


4. A mark added to a medal a long time 
after it is ftruck, by which the curiuas 
know the feveral changes in value. 

Chamber s. 

To COUNTERMA'RK, i>. a. A horfe is 
faid to be eounterma'ked when his corner- 
teeth aie artificially made holl-.jw, 

Farier''s Di3. 

COUNTERMI'NE. /. [ counter and mine. J 
I. A well or hole fui.k into the ground, 
from which a gallery or branch runs out 
under ground, to leek out the enemy's 
mine. Military DiEl. 

a. Means of oppofitirn, Sidney. 

3. A ftratagem by which any contrivance 
is defeated. U Ejlrange. 

To COUNTERMINE, "v. a. [ from the 
notin ] 

1. Ti dclveapafiage into an enemy's mine. 

2. To counterwork j to defeat by fecret 
meal'ures. Decay of Pitty, 

COUNTERMO'TION. /. [counter and j«o- 
tnn.] Contrarv motion. I^'gh* 

COUNTERMU'RE. /. [co/j/r^wur, French.] 

A Will bi':lt up behind another wall. Knottes, 


c o u 

COUNTERNATURAL. a. [ tounter and 
iialuriiL'j C 'ntrary to nature, Ihrmy, 

COUNTERNO'iSE. /. [c.wit.r anri twje] 
A found by which any other noile is ovci - 
povveied C'la'iiy. 

COUNTEIIOTENING./. [countemtMi opn:- 
ir,g.'\ As). aperture on the contrary (ide. 

COUNTERPA'CE. /. {counter and p.'Cf.} 
Ccntrarv mej'ui e. 8-u'jt, 

CO'UNTERl^ANE. /. {covirepolut,. Y,.'] 
A covfriec ror a bed, or any thing ehe wo- 
Vfn in fquare?. Sb<:k:,pcare. 

COUNTERPART./. [cr^nUr ina' pan.] 
The corref'pondent part. h^Ejlrang- , 

COUNTERPLE' A./, [from cwntcr and fUa . ] 
In a h«i', a rep'!<:3tir.n. Coiu^l. 

to COUMTERILOT. f.a. [■.•'wUsr and 
/.'fl.*.] To oppolc cne machination by an- 

COUNTERPLO'T. /. [from the verb,] An 
ariince oopol'-d to wn artifice, l.^ Efii jrge, 

COUNTERrOlNT. /. A coverlet v.ovi n 
in fqiistey. 

To COUN rERPO'ISE. -v. a. [cctviter and 

J. Tc cour.terbalance ; to be equi-pnnde- 
rant to. Digby. 

a. To produce a contrEry siftion by an 
tqual weifiht. J^''i'. 

3. To zA with equal power sgainlt any 
perfon or caufe. i^penjtr. 

COUNTERPOISE. /. [from counter and 

^"■'/'■^ . . , . , 

1. Equiponderance ; equivslenceof weight. 


2. The ftate of being placed in the.opoo- 
lite ftale of the balance. Milton. 

3. Equipollcnce j equivalence of power. 

COUNTERPO'ISON./. [counter and poijon. ] 
Antidote, ./irLuihnct, 

COUNTERPRE'SSURE. /. [counter and 
pre[fure.'\ Oppofite force. Bu'ckmore. 

COUNTER PROJECT. /. {cwiter and 
projiff.^ Corrcfpondent part of a frheme. 


To COUNTERPRO'VE. w. a. [from ccun- 
ter anA pro-ve] To take off a defign in 
black lead, by pafiing it through the roil- 
ing-prefs v.ith another piece of paper, both 
being moirtcned with a fpong'". Chamber:. 

To COUNTERRO'L. i/. a. [counter and 
rolLj To preferve the power of dete£l- 
in^ frauds by a counter account, 

COUMTERRO'LMENT. /. [from ctn'^fer- 
rot.\ A counter account. Bjcoti. 

COUNTERSCARP. /. That fide of the 
ditch whicli is next the csmp, Harris. 

To COUNTERSrCN. -v. a. [from rcunter 
AnAfigr."] To fign an order or patent of 
a fuperiour, in quality of fecretary, to ren- 
dif the thing more aathentick, Ca.iml>rrs, 

c o u 

COUNTERTE'NOR. /. [fiom e^unttr and 
/£»or.j One of tJe mean or middle part^ 
of miifick ; fo called, as it were, oppo- 
fite to the tenor. Horns. 

COUNEERTIDE, /. [counter and t,d^.\ 
Contrstv tide. Dryden. 

COUNTER. Tl'ME. /. [contntemp^, Fr.] 
Defence; oppofuion. Dryden, 

COUNTERTU'RN. /. [counter and tum.l 
The height and full growrti of the play, 
we may call properly the counterturn, which 
dc-rtrcys expeflation. Dryden. 

To COUNTERVAIL, tu a. [contra and 
■valeo, Latin.] To be equivalent to ; to 
have equal force or value ; to att againft 
With eqaal power. i'o'.ker. Wrlk'.n;. 

CGUNTERVA'IL, /. [from the verb, J 

1. Equal weight. 

2. That which has equal weight or value. 

South., ■ 
COUNTERVIE'W. /. [cou^ifr ^ni i.U'w.] 

1. Oppofitio.'i ; a poiiure in v.hich two 
peifons front eich other. Milton. 

2. Omtraft. Siuift. 
To COUNTERWO'RK.. -v. a. [counter and 

Kvcrk. ] To counterad j to hinder by 
contrjrv operations. Pope, 

CO'UNTESS. /. [comitija, comtcjfe. Ft.} 
The lidy of an earl or count. Dryden.. 

COUNTING-HOUSE. /. [count inihcu'e. ]. 
The room appropriated by traders to their 
books and accounts, Locke. 

CO'UNTLESS. s. [from count.} Innumer- 
able ; without number, Donne' 

CO'UNTRY. /. [ccr,tr,% Fr.] 

I, A traft of land j a region. Sprat. 

1. Rural parts. SpeBator, 

3. The place \.'hich any man inhabits, 

4. The place of one's b-iich j the natife 
foil. Sprst, 

5. The inhabitants of any region, 


1. RuHick ; rural ; viliaticlr, Norris. 

2. Remote from cities or courts, Locke. 

3. Peculiar to a region or people. 


4. Rude ; ignnrant ; untaught. Dryden. 
CO'UNTRYMAM. /. [from country and 

man ] 

1. One born in the fame country. Lock: 

2. A ruftick 5 one that inhabits the rural 
parts, Graunt. 

3. A farmer; a huftandmsn. UEftranve, 
COUNTY. /. [ww//, Fr.] 

I. A fhire ; that is, a circuit or portion 
of the realm, into which the whoje land 
is divided. Ccivel. ylddijon, 

a. An earldom. 

3. A count ; a lord. Dailies, 

COUPE'S, f, [Fr,] A motion in dancing. 



c o u 

CO'UPLE. /. [couple, Fr.] 

1. A chain oi- tje that holds dogs toge- 
ther. Sbaiffpijre, 

2. Two ; a brace. Sidney. Locke. 

3. A malf and his female. Sbjkefpeare. 
To CO'UPLE. -v. a. [copula, Lat.] 

1. Til chain together. ' <>v.kcj'pfare. 

2. 'i'o join one to another. South. 

3. To marry ; fo wed. Sidney. 
To COUPLE, -v. n. To join in embracs. 

Baco>i. HuL. 

CO'UI'LE- BEGGAR./. [coupleznA b.ggar.'] 
One that ma.lfes it his buiincli to many 
bepcars to each other. Hivift, 

COUl^LET. /. [French.] 

1. Two vertes j a pair vi rhimes. S-'.oift. 

2. A pair ; as ot doves, iihokfj'pearc. 
CO'URAGE. /. [couyage, Fr.J Bravery ; 

adive fc.-rtitude. A.'idif'^n, 

COUR A'CEOUS. a. [from courage.} Biave 5 

■larinir ; bold. A»:o!. 

COURA'GEOUSLY. od. [hotncourageoui ] 

B"velv ; rtou^lv ; boi.iiv. Ejco/i, 

COUilA'GEOU.'NES^. /". [from cour.igeous.} 

Bravery j boldnefs ; fpint j courage. 

COURA'NT. 7 /". \covrnnte, French.] 

1. A nimble dance. Shakefpcire. 

2. Any thing that fpreads quick, as a 
paper of news. 

To COURB. -v. n. [ccurbey, Fr.] To bend j 

to bow. Sbuiefpeare. 

CO'URIER. / [courier, Fr.] A meitengpr 

fent in harte. Shakejpeare, Knoliei, 

COURSE. /. [aurfe, Fr.] 

. I, Race ; career. Coiu'ey. 

2. Paffagc from place to place. Denbam. 

3. Tilt ; aift of running in the lifts. 

Sidney . 

4. Ground on which a race is run. 

c. Track or line in which a fhip fails. 

6. Sail ; means by which the courfe is per- 
formed. Raleigh. 

7. Progrefs from one gradation to another. 


8. Order of focceffion. Co'inthiam. 
q. Stated and orderly metliod. Shakefpeare. 
IQ. Series of fucccflive and methodical 
procedure. IViJcin^in. 

11. The elements of an art exhibited and 
explained, in a methodical feries. Chair.bers, 

12. ConduQ ; manner of proceeding. 

II. Method of life ; train of adions. 


14. Natural bent ; uncontrolled will. 


15, Catamenia. HarTty. 
■ 16. Orderly ftrudlure. Jamei, 
■\j. [In atchitedlure.] A continued range 

ai ftones. 

c o u 

18. Series of confequences. Carth* 

19. Number of diflies fet on at once upon 
the table. Si^ift. Pope 

20. Regularity ; fettled rule. S-zvi/f. 

21. Empty form. L'E/irange, 
To COURSE, -v. a. [from the mun.] 

1. To hunt ; to purfue. SLakeJpearc. 

2. To purfue with dogs that hunt in view. 


3. To put to fpeed; to force to run. 

May's Firgih 
To COURSE, v.n. To run ; to rove about. 
CO'UR.SER. /. [courfier, Fr.] 

1, A fwift horfe J a war horfe. Fopf. 

2. One who purfues the fport of courling 
hares. lianmcr, 

COURT. /. [cour, Fr.] 

J. The place where ihe prince refides j 
the palace. Pope, 

2. The hall or chamber where juftice is 
adminirtred. Atterbuty, 

3 Open (pace before a houfe. Dryder, 

4. A fmall opening incloled with houfcs 
and paved with broad ftones. 

5. I'erfons who compofc the retinue of a 
prince. Temple. 

6. Petions who are aflembled for the ad- 
miniflration of juftice. 

7. Any jurifdidtion, military, civil, or 
ecclcfiiftical. Spefiator, 

8. The art of pleafmg ; the art of infinua- 
tion. Locke, 

To COURT, -v. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To woo j to folicit a woman. 


2. To folicit ; to feek. Locke. 

3. To flatter ; to endeavour to pleafe. 
COURT-CHAPLAIN. /. [court and chap. 

Iain.] One who attends the king to ce- 
lebrate the holy offices. Swift, 

COURT-DAY. /. [c?urt and day,] Day 
on which juftice is lolemnly adminiftred. 

COURT-DRESSER. /. A flatterer. Locke. 

COURT-FAVOUR, f. Favours or benefits 
beftowed by princes. L'Efirange, 

COURT-HAND. /. [court and hand.] The 
band or manner of writing ufed in records 
and judicial proceedings. Shah'fpeare, 

COURT-LADY. /, [court and lady.] A 
l.idy convcrfant in court. Ltcke, 

CO URTEOUS. a. [eo:irtiis, Fr.] Elegant 
of ma.Tncrs ; u-sll-bred. South. 

CO'URTEOUSLY. ad. [from courteous.] 
Refpeclfully ; civilly j complaifantJy. 


CO'URTEOUSNESS. /. [from courteom.] 
Civility ; complaifance. 

CO'URTESAN. 7 /. [corrifana, low Lat.] 

CO'URTEZAN. 5 A vvomjn of the town ; 

a proftituie ; a Itrumpet. PFetton.Addijon. 

' COVR. 


C R A 

CO'URTESY. /. [courtoije. Fr.] nant paflion is fear. SiJ,:ey. South 

1. Elegance of manners ; civility ; com- 2. It is fometimcs ufed in the manner of 
plaifance. Clarendon. an adjedlive. Prior 

2. An aa of civility or refpeft. Bjcor,. CO'WaRDICE. /, [from ccward.l Fear * 

3. The reverence made by women. Drj'ifn. habitual timidity j want of courage. ' 

4. A tenure, not of right, but by the fa- Spcnfer Rogers 
vour of others. CO'WARDLINESS. /. [from coivardlyA 

5. Courtesy of England. A tenure Timidity; cowardice. 

by which, if a man marry an inheritrice, COWARDLY, a. [from co':vard,'\ 

that is, a womnn feifed of land, and 1, Fearful ; timorous j pufillanimous; 

getteth a child of her that comes alive Baton 

into the world, though both the child and 2. Mean ; befitting a coward. Shahfteare. 

his wife die forthwith j yet fhjll he keep CO'WARDLY. ad. \n tiie manner of a 

the land during his life. Coiutl. coward j meanly. KmlUs 

To CO'URTESY. -v.n. [from the noun.] ToCOWER. ^. „. [cTo/r/jw, Wel/b.J To 

1. To perform an aft of reverence. 


2. To make a reverence in the manner of 
ladies. Prior. 

CO'URTIER. /. [from court.'] 

1. One that irequents or attends the courts 
of princes. Dryden. 

2. One that courts or folicits the favour 
of another. Sucilinr. 

CO'URTUKE. «. Icourt and like.] Eleganrj 
polite, Camd'-n. 

COURTLINESS. /. [from courtly.'] Ele- 
gance of manners ; complailance ;' civility. 

fmk by bending 

the kiitts ; to fti^op - to 

Milton. Dryden. 

CO'WISH, a. [from to ccio.'\ Timorous j 

fearful. , Sbak-fpeare. 

COWKEEPER. /. [coiu and keeper.] One 

whofe buhnefs is to keep cows, Broome. 

COWL. /. fcujle, Saxon.] 

1. A monk's hood. Cam Jen, 

2. A vefTel in which water is carried on a 
pole between two, 

COWL-STAFF./, [fow/ and/^jf.] The 
/lafr on which a vellelis fuppyrted betweca 
two men, Sucklir" 

CO'UxlTLY. <2. [from«:/r/.] Relating or CO'WSLIP. /. [cuplippe, Saxon.] CoiZ- 

retainlng to the court ; elegant ; f^ft ; Jlip is alfo called pagil, and is a Ipccies of 

flattering. Pope primrofe. Miller. Sidney. Slakefpeare 

CO'URTLY. fl^. In the manner of courts; COWS LUNGWORT. /. MuWtn. Miller. 

elegantly. Dryden. CO'XCOMB. /. [from cock's Cuinh.] 

CO'URTSHIP. /. [from court.] i. The top of the head. Slakefpeare, 

1. The aft of foliciting favour. Sivift, 2. The comb refembling that of a cock 

2. The felicitation of a woman to marri- — l:.l i:. ^ . r 1 ^ ...» 

age. Addifcn. 

3. Civility ; elegance of manners. Donne. 
CO'USIN, /. [coffin, Fr.] 

I. Any one collaterally related more re- 
motely than a brother or fiftc-r. Sbakefpeare. 
a. A title given by the king to a noble- 
man, particularly to thole of the council. 

which hcenfed fools wore formerly in their 

^2ps. iihakefpeare. 

3. A fop ; a fuperficial pretender. Pope. 
COXCO'MICAL. a. [from coxcomb.} Fop- 

pi/li; conceited. Dennis, 

COY. a. \coi, French.] 

1. Modeft; decent. Chaucer. 

2. Referved ; not accefiible. Waller. 

COW, /. [in the plural, anciently klne, or To COY. -v. n. [from the adjeftive, 1 

keen, now commonly coias -^ cu, Saxon, j i. To behave with referve ; to rejeft fa- 

The female of the bull. Bacon, miliarity. Ro-juc 

To COW. -v. a. [from cotuard.] To de- 2. Not to condefcend willingly. ^'y&a/JfiMrf, 

prefs with fear. IJorweh CO'YLY. ad. [from «_y,] With referve 

COW-HERD. /. [cow and hyp-a. Sax. a Ckapman. 

keeper.] One whofe occupation is to tend CO'YNESS. /. [from coy.] R.eferve • un- 

cows. willingnefs to become familiar, JValton 

COW-HOUSE. /. [«w and houfe.] The COZ. /. A cant or familiar word, con- 

houfe in which kine are kept. Mortimer. trafted from coufin, Shak'-fpeart 

COW-LEECH,/. Icoiv zni leech.] One To CO'ZEN. -v. a. To cheat ; to trick ; 

who profefTes to cure diftempered cows. to defraud. Clarendon. Locke* 

To COW-LEECH, -u. n. To profefs to CO'ZENAGE. /. [from cos^en.] Fraud \ 

cure cows. Mortimer. deceit ; trick ; cheat. Ben, "Johnfon 

COW- WEED. /. [ fow and wffi/. ] A CO'ZENER. /. [from rt2:.'«.] A cheater ; 

fpecies of chervil. a defiauder. Shakefpeare 

CO W- WHEAT. /. [from fow and wif^f,] CR AC /. fcpabba, Saxon.] 

A plant. I. A cruftaceous fifli. Bacon. 

COWARD. /. [couard^ Fr.] 2. A wild apple j the tree that bears a 

I. A poltronj a wretch whofe predomi- wild apple. Taylor. 

^ « 3. A 

C R A 

3. A peevifli morofe perfon. 

4. A wooden engine with three daws for 
launching of fnips. Phihpu 
e,. The lign in the zodiack, Creuh. 

CRAB. a. Sour or degenerate fruit 5 as, a 

crab cherry, 
CRA'B3ED. a. [from crah.'\ 

1. Peeviili j morofe J cynical j four. 


3. Harfli ; unp!eafing. D'yden, 

3. D:fiicul!: J perplex- ng.. Pnar. 

CRA'BBEDLY, ad. [from crabhed.'\ Pee- 

CRA'BBSDNESS. /• [from cral-tcd.] 

1. Sournefs of talle. 

2. Sournefs of countenance j afperity of 

3. DlfBculty. 

CRA'BER; /". « The water-rat. JVidior,. 

CRABS-EYES, f, Whitifh bodies rounded 
on one fide ana deprelled on the other, not 
the eyes of any creature, nor do they be- 
long to the crab 5 but are produced by the 
common crawfifh. liill. 

CRACK. /. [kracck, Dutch.] 
I. A fudden difruption. 
a. The chink. ; hlfure } a narrow breach. 

3. The found of any body buriling or 
tailing. DrydcK. 

4. Any fudden and quick found. Addifon. 
c. Any breach, injury, or diminution; a 
Haw. Hbakejpeare. 
6. Crazinefsof intellctl. 

". A man crazed. AJdifon. 

8. A whore. 

9. A boaft. Sp:r:j,r. 

10. A boafier. 

To CRACK, -v. a, \kraechcn, Dutch.] 

1. To break into chinks. Mortimer. 

2. To break ; to fplit. Donne. 

3. To do any thing wi'.h quicknefs or 
Imartnefs. /''/"'• 

4. To break prdeftroy any thing. Sbakejp. 
e. To craze ; to weaken the intelleft. 

To CRACK, -v. 71. 

I. To burft ; to open in chinks. EoyU. 

2'. To fall to ruin. Dryden. 

". To utter a ioudand fudden found. 

■*' iiLv.keff.eare. 

A. To boaft : with of. Shakejpeare. 

CRACK-BRAINED, a. Crazy ; without 

riaht reaf^^n. Arbuthnot. 

C'<ACK-HEMP. /. A wretch fated to the 

gallows. Shahjpeare. 

CRACK-ROPE. /. A fellow that delerves 

CRA'CKER. /. [from crack.] 

I. A noify boafling fellow. ShaLfpcare. 

■Z. A quantity of gunpowder confif.ed fo 

a'! to burft with great noife. Boyle, 

To CRA'CKLE. v. n. [frcm crack.'^ To 

C R A 

make flight cracks ; to decrepitcte. Donne, 
CRA'CKNEL. /. [from crjck.] A hard 

brittle cake. ^perj't:r, 

CRA'DLE. /. [cii3&el, Saxon.] 

1. A moveable bed, on which children or 
fick perfons are agitated with a fmooth 
moiijn. Pope. 

2. Infancy, or the firft part of life. 


3. [Withfuigeons.] A cafi for a biokea 

4. [With ftiipwrights.] A frame of tim- 
ber raifcd along the outfide of a Hiip. 

To CRADLE, 'v. a. To by in a cradle. 

CRA'DLE CLOATHS. /. [from cr.W.'^ and 

cloaths,'^ Bed-cloaths belonging to a cradle. 
CRAFT. /. [fpTj:?, Saxon,] 

I. Manual art ; trade, Wotton, 

1. Fraud ; cunning. Shak'fpcaie. 

3. Small failing vefi'els. 
To CRAFT. T. n. [from -the noun.] To 

play tricks. Sbak^ljeare, 

CRATTILY. ad. [from cr.yfty.] Cunning. 

ly ; artful] V. KnoLes, 

CRAFTINESS. /. [from crafty.] Cun- 
ning ; ftratJgem. j'^^* 
CRA'FTS-VJAN, /. [craft and man.] Aa 

artificer J a manufacturer. Decoy of Piety, 
CRA'FTSMASTER. /, [craft and mafler.] 

A man ilvilled in his trade. Co/tier. 

CRAFTY, a. [from craft.] Cunning ; 

artful. Da vies. 

CRAG. /, 

1. A rough deep rock. 

2. The rugged protuberances of rnck'. 


3. The neck. ^p-snjer, 
CRA'GGED. a, [from crag.] Full of in- 
equalities and prominences. Crajhaiu, 

CRA'GGEDNESS. /. [from cra^ged.] Ful- 
nefs of crags or piominent rocks. 


CRA'GGINESS. /. [from craggy.] The 
ft ate of being craggy. 

CRAGGY, a. [from cr^f.] Rugged; full 
of prominences ; rough. Raieigh. 

To CRAM. •". a. [rji.imman, Saxon.] 

1. To ftut^"; to fill with more th^n can 
conveniently be held. Hhakefpeare, 

2. To fill with food beyond fatiety. King. 

3. To thruft in by force. Dryden, 
To CRAM. -v. n. To cat beyond fatiety. 

CRA'MBO. /. A play at which one gives 
a word, to which another finds a rhyme, 
CRAMP. /. [krampc, Dutch.] 

I, A fpafm or contraiUon of the limbs. 

a. A 

C R A 

3, A reflriftion • a confinement ; /KacI'le. 
3. A piece of iron bent at each end, by 
%vhich two bodies are held together. 

CRAMP, a. Difficult j k.notty : a low 

To CP>.AMP. 1/. a. [from the noun.] 
I. To pain with cramps or twiches. 

s. To reftrain ; to confine ; to obflnift. 
Glan-ville. Burnet, 
5. To bind with crampirons. 

CRAMP-FISH. /. The torpedo, which be- 
numbs the hands of thofe that touch it. 

CRAMPIRON. /. See Cramp, fenfe 3. 

CRA'NAGE. /. {cranagium, low Lat.] A 
liberty to ufe a crane for drawing up wares 
from the vedel?. Coivel, 

CRANE. /. [crisn, Saxon.] 

1. A bird with a long beak. Jfaiah. 

2. An inftrument made with ropes, pullies, 
and hooks, by vvhith great weights are 
raifed. Thomfoti. 

3. A crooked pipe for drawing liquors out 
of a oik. 

CRANES BILL, /. [from crane and bVL] 

1. An herb. ' Miikr, 

2. A pair of pincers terminating in a point, 
ufed by furgfons. 

CRA'NIUM. f. [Latin.] The fkul!. 

CRANK, f. [a contraftion of cranencci.'j 

1. A crank is the end of an iron axis 
turned fquare down, and again turned 
fquare to the firft turning down, Moxon, 

2. Any bending or winding pafiage. 


3. Any conceit formed by twitting or 
changing a word. Rlilion. 

CRANK, a, 

1. He3]thy ; fprightly. Spenfrr, 

2. Among fiilors, a fiilp is faid to be 
crai^k when loaded near to be overfet. 

To CRA'NKLE. v. n. [from crar.k.'] To 
run in and out, Hbakefbeare, 

To CRA'NKLE. -v. a. To break into un- 
equal furfaces. Pbiiif)!. 

CRA'NKLES. /. [from the verb.] In- 

CRA'NKNESS. /. [from crank.} 

1. Health ; vigour. 

2. DifaoP.tion to overfet. 
CRA'NNIED. a. [from crar.ry.] Full of 

chink?. B'oifn. 

CRA'NNY. /. [crcn, Fr. crena, Ln.] A 

chink ; a cleft. Burner. 

CRAPE. /. [cref^a, low Lat.] A thin fluff 

loofely woven. S-zvifr. 

CRA'PULENCE./. [crapu!a, a furfeit, Lu.] 

Drunkennef? ; ficknefs by intemperance. 
CRA PULO'US. a. [ crapu.'ofus, Latin. J 

Diunken 3 fick with iniemperance. 


To CRASH, -v. V. To make a loud com- 
plicated noife, as of many things talhng. 
Zi^fbanta. ^mith. 

To CRASH. V. a. To break or bruife. 


CRASH. /. [from the verb.] Aloudmi.xed 
found. ^ Shake jpiare. Pope. 

CRA'iilS. f. [xpaj-i;,] Temperature ; con- 
ftitution. Soulh, 

CRASS, a. [fray/w, Lat.] Grofs ; coarfe j 
nit thin ; not fubde. Woodzuard. 

CRA'SSITUDE./. [cr<7^/«fi'«, Ln.] Groff- 
nefs ; coarfenef. Bacon. 

CRASTINA'TION./. \ixcim crafilnus, Lat.] 

CRATCH. /. \crcche, Fr.] The palifaded 
frame in which hay is put for cattle. 


CRAVAT. /. A neckcloath. Hudibrai. 

To CRAVE, -v. a, [cpepnn, Saxon,] 

1. to ailc with eameitnefs ; to aik with 
fubmilliin. Ihokcr. Krol'cs. 

2. To afk infatiably. Denham. 

3. To long ; to wifh unreafonably. Souib. 

4. To call for importunatelv, Shakefpeare. 
CRA'VEN. /. 

1. A cock conquered and difpirited, 


2. A coward ; a recreant. Fairfax. 
To CRA'VEN. -v. a. [from the noun. j To 

mnke recreant or cowardiv. Sbokefpeare. 
To CRAUNCH. 'V. a. to crufli in the 

mouth. Siuift. 

CRAW. /. [kroe, D^inifii.] The crop or ' 

firft ftomach of birds. Raw 

CR A'WFI?;h. /. A fmall cruftaceous fifji 

f'Mind in brooks. Bacon. 

To CRAWL, -v. n. [krielcn, Dutch.] 

1. To Creep ; to move with a llow motion ; 
to move without rifing from the ground, 
as a worm. Dyden. Greiv. 

2. To n.ove weakly, and fiowly. KnolUs. 

3. To move abour hated and dcfpifed. 
CRA'WLER. /. lUom cratvl.] A creeper ; 

any thing that crecDS. 
C.IA'YFISH. /. [See Crawfish.] The 

river Inbfter. Floyer.' 

CRA'VON. /. [crayon, Fr.] 

1. A kind of pencil; a roll of pifte to 
draw lines with. Drydcn, 

2. A drawing done with a crayon. 
ToCR-AZE. -v. a. [eerafer, Fr.] 

1. To bseuk ; to cru/h j to weaken. 


2. To powder. Carcw. 

3. To crack the brain ; to impair the in- 
'e'!'-'-K T.!lotfon. 

CRA'Zl^DNESS. /. [fiom craxcd.-] De- 
creoiturf" ; brol:ennefs. Hooker. 

CRA'ZiNt^S. /. [from crax^.'] State of 
being crazy 5 iinbeciUity j weaknef'. 


E e ; CRAZV. 

C R E 

C R E 

CRA'ZY. a. [ecra'.e, Fr.] CRE'BROUS. a. [from cre^^r, Lat.] Fre- 

1. Broken ; decrepit. Shahfpeare. quent. Di8» 

2. Broken wiued'j Mattered in the in- CREDENCE. /, [from credo, Latin.] 
telled. Hudibras. i. Belief ; credit. Spenfer. 

3. Weak ; feeble j fluttered. 2. Tliat which gtves a claim to credit or 

Dryd.n. Wahe. belief. Hayward. 

CREAGHT. /. [an Irifli word.] Herds of CREDE'ND^. /. [Latin.] Things to be 

cattle. Da-vies. belie %ed ; articles of faith. South. 

To CREAK. V. ti. [corrupt from crack.] CRE'DENT. a. [crcdens, Latin.] 

To make a harfti noife. Drydcn. i. Believing ; eafy of belief. Shakefpeare. 

CREAM./, [cremor, Latin.] Theunau- z. Having credit j not to be queftioned. 

ous or oily part of milk. Kin^. ^ Shakefpeare. 

To CREAM, -v. n. [from the noun.] To CREDE'NTIAL, /. [from credevs, Latin.} 

gather cream. Shakifpeaie. That which gives a title to credit. Addifsn. 

To CREAM. V. a. [from the noun,] CREDIBILITY./, [(torn crediMe.] Claim 

To fkim off the cream 

2. To take the and qulnteffence 

of any thing. 
CREAM- FACED, a. [cream and faced.] 

Pale i covvard-hioking. Shakefpiarc. 

CREAMY, a. [from c--cam ] Full of cream. 
CRE'.-INCE. f. [French.] A fine fmall 

line, fattened to a hawk's leafh. 

to credit ; poflibility of obtaining belief ; 
probability. Tillolfon, 

CRE'DIBLE. a. \credibilis, Latin.] Wor- 
thy of credit ; having a juft claim to be- 
lief, Tillotfon. 

CRE'DIBLENESS. / [from credible.] Cre- 
dibility J worthinefs of belief; juft claim 
to belief. Boyle, 

CREASE. /. A mark made by doubling CRE'DIBLY. ad. [from credible.] In 

any thing. Sivift 

To CREASE, -v. a. [from the noun.] To 

mark any thiug by doubling it, fo as to 

leave the imprellion. 
To CREATE, ik a. {creo, Latin.] 

I. To form out of nothing j to caufe to 

exift. Gfncfis. 

1. To produce j to caufe ; to be the oc- 

cafion. ^'"S Charles. Rojcommon, 

3. To beget. Shakefpeare, 

4. To inveft with any new charafter. 

CREA'TION. /. [from create.] 

I. The aft of creating or conferring ex- 
iftence. , Taylor. 

a. The aifl of invefting with new cha- 

3. The things created ; the univerfe. 


4. Any thing produced, or caufed. 
CREATIVE. .'. [itom create.] 

I. Having the power to create. 

a. Exerting the aft of creation. South. 

CREA'TOR. /. [creator, Latin.] The be- 
ing that beftows exiftence. Taylor. 

CRE'ATURE. f. [credtura, low Latin.] 
I. A being created. Stilling fiect. 

a. An animal not human. Shak'fpeare. 

3. A general teim for man. Spenfer. 

4. A word of contempt for a human be- 
ing. P'-''°'-' 

5. A word of petty tendernefs. Drydm. 

6. A perfon who owes his life or his for- 
tune to an.'th':r. Clarendon, 

CRE'ATURELY. a. [from creature.] Hav- 
ing the qualitie of a creature. Cheyne. 

CRE'BRITUDE. / [itom crder, frequent, 
Latin,] Frequentnsls, -D'lS. 






manner that claims belief. 
CREDIT. /. [credit, French.] 

1. Belief. 

2. Honour ; reputation. 
Efteem ; good opinion. 
Faith ; teftimony. 
Truft repofed. 
Promife given. ' 
Influence j power not compulfive. 

To CRE'DIT. -v, a. [credo, Latin.] 

1. To believe. Shakefpeare. 

2. To procure credit or honour to any 
thing. JValLr, 

3. To truft J to confide in. 

4. To admit as a debtor. 
CREDITABLE, o. [from credit.] 

1, Reputable ; above contempt, Mrbtithnot, 

2. Honourable ; eftimaule. Tillotfon. 
CRE'DITABLENESS. / [(rom creditable.] 

Reputation; eftimarion. Decay of Piety, 

CRt'blTABLY. ad', [hfimcredaable.] Re- 
putably; without dilgrace. South. 

CRE'DII OR. f. [creditor, Latin.] He to 
whom a debt is owed ; he that gives cre- 
dit : correlative to debtor. Stvift, 

CREDU'UTY. /. [credulite', Fr.] Eafinefs 
of belief. Sidney, 

CREDULOUS, a. [credulus, Latin.] Apt 

to believe j unfufpecfing ; eafily deceived, 


CRE'DULOUSNESS. / [from credulous.] 
Aptiiels to believe ; credulity. 

CREED. /. [from crfd'o] 

1. A form of words in which the articles 
of faith are comprehended. Fiddes. 

2. Any folcmn profelfion of principles or 
opinion. Shak:fpe.7re, 

- - To 

C R E 

To CREEK, •y. a. To make a harfh noife. 

CREEK. /. [cfaecca, Sax. kreke, Dutch.] 

I. A prominence.or jut in a winding coaft. 


7.. A fmall port ; a bay ; a cove. Da-vies. 

' 3. Any turn or alley. Shakefpsare. 

CRE'EKV. a. Full of creeks ; unequal j 
winding. Spenfer. 

To CREEP. V. n. [prefer, crept j cpypan, 

I. To move with the belly to the ground 
without legs. Milton, 

z. To grow the ground, or on other 
lupports. Dryd^n. 

3. To move forward without bounds or 
leaps ; as infifts. 

4. To move (lowly and feebly. Shah-fpeare, 

5. To move fecretly and clandeftinely. 


6. To move timoroufly without fearing, 
or venturing. Addijcn. 

7. To come unexpefted. Sidney. Temple. 
'8. To behave with fervility ; to fawn j 

to bend. Hhakefpcan. 

CRE'EfER. /. [from creep. '^ 

1. A plant that fiipports itfelf by means 
of fome ftronger body, Bacor,. 

2. An irc.T ufed to Aide along the grate in 

3. A kind of patten or clog worn by- 

CREE'PHOLE. /. [creep and Me.^ 

I. A hole into which any animal may 

creep to efcape danger. 

z. A fubterfuge j an excufe. 

CREE PINGLY. <v,i. [fom creepi>!g.] Slow- 
ly : after the manner of a reptile. Sidney, 

CREMA'TION. /. [cretr.iitio, Latin.] A 

CRE MOR. f. [Latin.] A milky fubftance ; 
a foft liquor refembling cream. Ray. 

CRE'NATED. a. [from cre?ia, Lat.] Notch- 
ed ; indented. lyoodivard. 

CRE'PANE. /. [With farriers.] An ulcer 
feated in the midft of the forepart of the 
foot. Farrier''! DiH. 

To CRE'PITATE. v. n. [crefiio, Latin.] 
To make a fmall crackling no.fe. 

CIIEPITA'TION. /. [from crepitate,] A 
fmall crackling nnife, 

CREPT, p'rticip. {(torn creep.'] Pope. 

CREPUSCULE. /. [crepujculum, Latii!.] 

CREPUSCULOUS. a. [crepufcahm, L3t.] 
Giimniering j in a flate between light and 
darknefs. - B'oivn. 

CRESCENT, a. [from crefeo, Lat.] In- 
creafing ; growing. Shakej'pcare. Milion. 

CRE'SCENT. /. {crejcens, Lat.] The moon 
in her ftate of increafe 3 any iimilitude of 
the moon increafl.^g. Dryden, 

C Pv I 

CRE'SCIVE. a. [from crefeo^ Lat.] In- 
creafme ; growing. Shakefbeare. 

CRESS. /. An herb. Pope. 

CRE'SSET. /. [croijjete, French.] A great 
light fet upon a beacon, iight-houfe, or 
watch tower. Milion, 

CREST. /. [crif.a, Latin.] 

1. The plume of feathers on the top of 
the ancient helmet. Miiton. 

2. The crn:ment of the helmet in he- 
raldry. Camdcr, 

3. Any tuft or ornament on the head. 


4. Pride ; fpirit ; fire. Shakejpeare. 
CRE'STED. a. [from creji -^ criflatus, Lat.j 

1. Adorned with a plume or crert. Milton. 

2. Wearing a comb. Dryd-n. 
CREST-FALLEN, a. Dejefted j funk j 

heartlefs ; fpii-itlefs. Hotuel. 

CRE'STLESS. a. [from crejl.] Not digni- 
fied witi) coat- armour. Shakefbeare 

CRET.ACEOUS. a.^ [cret.,, chalk. Lat.l 
Abounding with chalk ; chalky. Philips. 

CRE'TATED. a. [cretatui, Lat.] Rubbed 
w;th chalk. £)/^^ 

CRE'VICE. /. [from crever, Fr.] A crack - 
a cleft, Addtfovl 

CREW. /. [probably from cjin'o, Saxon.] 

1. A company of people aliociated for any 
PurP"Ce. Sptnjer. 

2. The company of a /hip. 

3. It is now generally ufed in a bad fenfe. 

CREW, ^^ht preterit of crorv.] 
CRE'WEL. /. \_kLiuel, Dutch.] Vara 
twifted and wound on a knot or ball. 

CRIB./, [cpybbe, Saxon.] 

1. The racJc or manger of a flable. 


2. The ftall or cabbin of an ox. 

3. A fmall habitation j a cottage. 

To CRIB. -v. a. [from the noun.] To 

fhut up in a narrow habitation j to cage. 
CRI'CBAGE. /. A game at cards. 
CRIBBLE. /. [criirum, Latin.] A corn- 

^'^^'^- D.a. 

CRIBRA'TION. /. [criiro, Litir.] The 

afl of fifting. 
CRICK. /. 

1. [from cricco, Italian.] Thenoifeof a 


2. [from cpyce, Saxon, 3 flake.] A pain- 
ful rtifliiels in the neck, 


J. An infeft that fquea.ks or chirps about 
ovens 2nd fireplaces. Milton. 

2. A fport, at which the contenders drive 
a ball with fticke. Pope. 

3. A low feat or ilooi. 


C R I 

CRl'ER. /, [from cry.] The officer whofe 
bufinefs is to cry or make proclamation. 

Ecclus. Brerciuood. 

CRIME. /. [^crimen, Lit. critne, Fr,] An 
aft contrary to right ; an offence j a great 
fault. Po^e. 

CRI'MEFUL. a. [from crime and fulL'\ 
Wickeri ; criminal. Shakejpeare. 

CRI'MELESS. a, [from c «»;? . ] Innocent; 
without crime. Sbakejpearc. 

CRI'MINAli. a. [from cr/W.] 

1. Faulty; contrary to right j contrary to 
di;ty. apenfer. 

2. Guilty 5 tainted with crime ; not in- 
nocent. Rogers. 

3. Not civil ; as a cr;w/«i2/ profecutiun. 
CRI'MINAL. /. [from crime.] 

I, A man accuftfd. Dryden, 

•z. A man gviilty of a crime, Bjcon. 

CRl MINALLY. ad. [from criminal.'] Not 

innncentlv ; wickedly j guiltily. R'gers. 
CRI'MINALNESS. /. [ from cri»:i.-Zl. ] 

Guilunefs ; want of innocence. 
CRIMINA'TION./. [crimn^tio, L->t.] The 

aft of accufin^ ; accufation j arraignment ; 

CRI'MINATCRY. e. [from crimitia, Lat.] 

Relatmg to accufation ; accufing. 
CRl'MINOUS. a. [crimii2:fus, L-it.] Wick- 
ed J iniquitous ; enormoufly guilty. 

CRI'MINOUSLY. ad. [from cnminous.] 

Enormoufly ; very wickedly. Hammond. 

CRI'MiNOUSNESS. /. [from crimiKcus.] 

' Wicliednefs j guilt ; crime. King Charle!. 

CRI'MOSIN. a. [criino/irio, Italian.] A 

fpecies of red colour. Sfur.j^r. 

CRiMP. a. [from, crunrhi-' . or crinible,] 

1. Friable: brittle: eafily crumbi'-d. 


2. Not confident ; not forcible : a low 
cant word. Arhuthii:t. 

To CRl'MPLE. i\ a. To contradl ; to 

corrueate. TFijetnan, 

CRI'MS'ON. /. [cretnofino, Italian. ] 

I. Red, fom.ewhat darkened with blue. 


1. Red in penern!. Shakespeare. Prior. 
To CRI'IMSON.. f. a. [from the noun.J 

To dye with crim.fon. Shahefpeare. 

CRINCUM. /. [a cant word.] A cramp j 

whimfy. Hiidibras, 

CRINwE, /. [from the verb, J Bow ; fsr- 

vile civility. PhiUfs, 

To CRINGE. 1: a. To draw together ; 

to contrart. SkakeJ'peare. 

To CRINGE, -v.n. Tobovv; to pay court; 

to fawn ; to flatter. Arbuthict. 

CRrNI'GEROU.'^. a. [cW«'^fr,Lat.] Hairy j 

overgrown with hair. 
To CRI'NKLE. T . «. [fr:>m Ir'tickelcn, Du*.] 

To ijO in and cut j to run i 1 flexures. 

C R I 

To CRI'NKLE. v. a. To mould into in- 

CRI'NKLE./. [from the verb.] A wrickle ; 
a linuofity. 

CRl'NOSE. a. [from critiis, Lat.] Hairy. 

CRINO'SITY. /. [from cri,:ofi.] Hairy- 

CRI'PPLE. /, [rpypel, Saxon. It is writ- 
ten by crceple, as from creep.] A 
lame man. Dryden, Btvtley, 

To CRIPPLE. -V. a. [from the noun.] To 
lame ; to make lame. Addifon, 

CRI'PPLENESS. /. [from c/-;/.//^,] Lame- 

CRI'SIS. /, [x^.Vir.] 

I. The point in which the difeafe kills, 
or changes to llie better. D'yden. 

a. The point cf time at which any iifiair 
comes to the height. Addifon. 

CRlSi*. a. [oifpjs, Latin.] 

1. Curled. Bocon. 

2. Indented ; winding. Shahffieare. 

3. Brittle ; triable. Bacon, 
To CRISP, -v. a. [crifpo, Latin.] 

1. To curl ; to contract into knots. 

Ben, Johnfon, 

2. To twift. Mi'ltor., 

3. To indent ; to run in and out. Miltoi:. 
c'RISPA'TION. /. [from cnjp.] 

1, The aft of curling. 

2. The ftate of being curled. Bacen. 
CRl'SPING-PIN. /. [from crifp.] A curl- 

ing-iion, JJ.itah, 

CRISPNESS. /. [from crifp.] Curlednefs. 
CRl'SPY. a. [from crifp.] Curled. 


CRITE'RION. /. [y.pTv^io-j.] A mark by 

which any thing is judged of, with regard 

to its goodncfs or badiicfs. South, 

cRrncK. /. [^PiTixo;.] ^ 

I. A man /Icilled in the art of judging of 
liti^rature. Locke. 

Z. A cenfurer ; a man apt to find fault. 


CRI'TICK. a. Critical j relating to critt- 
cifm. Pope. 


1. A critical examination ; critical re- 
marks. Dryden. 
1. Science of criticifm. Locke, 

To CRITICK. -v, n. [from the noun.] To 
play the critick ; to criticife; Temple. 

CRI'tlCAl.. a. [from criiick.] 

I. Exaii ; nicely juditious ; accurate. 

HoldA-. Stiil'ijgjhet, 
3. Relating to criticifm. 

3. Captious 3 inclined to find fault. 

Si akefpcarr. 

4. Comniirmg the time at which a great 
event is deteimined. BroKvn. 

CRVTCALLY. ad. P'rom criica'.] In a 
ciiti<al manner; exaftly ; curioully. 

T! cidica i, 

C R O 

CRI'TIC ALNESS. /. [from cn'rical.] Ex- 

aflnels ; accuracy. 
To CRITICISE, -u. n. [from criticl:.] 

I. To play thi; ciit;clc ; to judge. D'yda, 

2.. To animadveit iipoi) as faulty. Locke. 
To CRl'TICISE. f.^. [Uom irinck.] To 

cenfure ; to p:ili )udgment upon. ^-Iddifin. 
CRITICISM. /. [fionicr//;V/('.] 

1. Lriticijm is a ilandard of juJging well. 

a. Remark ; animadverfion ; critical ob- 
lervations. , Addifsn, 

To CROAK, -v. n. [cjiacezzan, Saxon. J 
J. To make a hoarfe low noife, like a 
frog. ■Mjy- 

2. To caw or cry as a raven or crow. 


CROAK. /. [from the verb.] The cry or 
voice of a frog or raven. Les. 

CRO'CEOUS. a. [coceus, Latin.] Con- 
fiding of faftVon ; like fafiron, 

CROCITA'TION. /. [crodtaiio, Lat.] The 
croaking of frogs or ravens. 

CROCK. /. {kn.ick, Dutch.] A cup ; any 
veiTel made of earth, 

CRO'CKERY. /. Earthen wnre. 

CRO'CODILE. /. [from Hfi,.^; faffVon, 
and ^iiXxv, fearing.] 

1. An amphibious voracious animal, in 
fhape referTibling a lizard, and fo'jnd in 
Egypt and the Indies. It is covered witii 
very hard fcalcs, which cannot be pierced ; 
except under the beliy. It runs with 
great fwiftncfs j but docs not eafily turn 
itfeif, Grani'die. 

2. Crocodile is alfo a little animal, other- 
wife called flinx, very much like the li- 
zard, or fmall crocodile. It always remains 
little, and is found in Egypt near the Red 
Sea. Treveux. 

CRO'CODILINE. a. [crocodilirms, L^vd.] 
Like a crocodile. D Ei . 

CRO'-US, /. An early flower. 

CROFT./, [cji'pr, Saxon.] A little clofe 
joining to a houfe, that is ufed for cnrn or 
paiiurc. Milton. 

CROISA'DE. 7 /". [croijade, Fr.] A holy 

CROISA'DO. 5 'war. Bacm. 


I. Pilgrims who carry a crofs. 

2- Soldiers who light againlt lafidtls. 

CRONE./, [cjvinc, Saxon.] 

1. An old ewe. 

2. In contempt, an old woman. Dryden. 
CRO'NET. /. The hair which grows over 

the top of an horfe's hoof. 

CRO'NY. / [a cant word.] An old ac- 
quaintance. Sli'ift, 

CROOK. /. [croc, French.] 

1. Any crooked or bent inflrument. 

2. A fheephook. Pii$r. 
2> Any thing Vest;, Sid>:ey, 

C R O 

To CROOK, -v. a. [crccher, Fr.} 

I. To bend j to turn into a hook. 


1. To pervert from reflltude. Bacon, 

CRO'OKBACK. / {cook and back.'\ A 

man that has gibbous fhoulders. Skak; peare 
CRO'OKBACKED. a. Havmg bentlhoul-- 

'^"■^- Dryden. 

CROO'KED. a. [crochcr, Fr.] 

1. Bent J not flrait ; curve. Neivton, 

2. Winding ; oblique ; anfrafluous. Lockt. 

3. Pcrverfe j untoward j without reflitude 
"f mind. Shakcfbeare, 

CROO'KEDLY. ad. [from crooked.^ 

1. Not in a flrait line. 

2. Untowardly ; not compliantly. Tay'or^ 
CROO'KEDNESS. / [from crooLd.'\ 

1. Deviation from flraitnefs j curvity. 


2. Deformity of a giobnus body. Taylor. 
CROP. /. [cjiop, Saxon.] The craw of a 

bird. Ra^. 

CRO'PFULL, a. \crcp and////,] Satiated j 

with a full belly. Milton. 

CRO'PSICK. a. [cro/.and/f;^.] Sick with 

excefs and debauchery. Tate 

CROP. / [cpnppa, Saxon.] 

1. The higheft part or end of any thing. 

2. The harveil j the corn gathered ofF a 
f-eid, Roscommon. 

3. Any thing cut off. 'Dryden. 
To CROP. -v. a. [from the noun.] To cut 

oil the ends of any thing j to mow j to 

reap. Cretcb, 

To CROP, "j.n. To yield harveft. 

Shake fbeare. 
CRO'PPER. /. [from crob.-[ A kind of 

pigeon with a large crop. Walton 

CRO'SIER. / lcro,jer,Yt.-\ The paftoral 

flaff cf a bifhop. Bacon: 

CROSLET. /. [crojekt, Fr.] A fmall 

crofs. Spenfer, 

CROSS. / [croix, Fr.] 

1. One ftrait body laid at right angles over 
another. Taylort 

2. The enfign of the Chriftian religion. 


3. A monument with a crofs upon it to 
excite devotion j fuch as were anciently fee 
in market-places. Shakeffsare. 

4. A line drawn through another. 

5. Any thing that thwarts or obftrufts ; 
misfcrtunej hindrance j vexation; oppo- 
fition ; mifadventure ; trial of patience. 

Ben. Johnfon. Taylor. 

6. Money fo called, becaufe marked with 
a crofs. Iloivel, 

7. Crofi and Pile, a play with money. 

CR03 >. a. [from the fubftantive.] 

I. Tianfveifej falling athwart ibmething 

dfe. Netoion. 

2. Oblique J 


C Pv o 

2. Oblique ; iaterai. 

3. Adverfe ; cppofite. 

4. Perverfe 5 untra£table. 

5. Peevilh J fretful j ill-humoured, 


6. Contrary ; contradiftory. South. 

7. Contrary to wifti j unfortunate. South. 
S. Interchan 

CROSS, prep. 

C Pv o 

Shakefp:arc. CRO'SSNESS. /. [from <rrc/x.] 
Atterhury. 1. Traufverfenefs ; interfeftion, 

2. Perverfenefs ; ceeviftnefs. Collier. 

CRO'SSROW. /. [croi, and raiv.^ Alpha- 
bet J lo namea becaufe a crofs is placed at 
the 'beginning, to ihew that the end of 
learning is piety. Sksikejpeare, 

Bacon. CRO'SSWIND. }' [r-o/i and w «i, j Wind 
blowing fr.m the rignt or iefr. Boyh, 

1. Athwart ; fo as to interfeft any thing. CROSSWAY. /. [crofs and way.] A imall 

Knolles. obfcure path interfedting the chief road. 

2. Over; from fide to fide. VEJlrange. Sbakefpi.ire,' 
To CROSS, -v. a. [from the noun.] CRO'SSWORT. /. [from crofs and -zie-r.] 

1. To lay one body, or draw one line A planr. Milier. 
athwart another. Hudibrai. CROTCH. /. [crcc, French.] A ho'<!c, 

2. To (ign with the crofs. Bacon. 

3. To mark out 5 to cancel j as, to crofs CROTCHET. /. \ crotchet, French.] 

I. [Irj mijfick.] One of the notes or 
characters of time, equal to half a minim. 

Cbamoers. Djxics. 

an article. 

4. To pafs over. Temple. 

5. To move laterally, obliquely, or a- 

thwart. Spevfe 

6. To thwart j to interpofe obftradiion. 

Daniel. Clarendon, 

7. To counteradl. Locke. 
S. To contravene j to hinder by authority. 


5, To contradift. Bacon. 

lO, To debar; to preclude. Shakefpeare. 
To CROSS, -v. 17. 

I. To lye athv/art another thing. 

■2. To be inconfiftent. Sidney. 

CROSS- BAR. SHOT. /. A round fliot, or 

great bullet, with a bar of iron put through 

it. ' Harris. 

To CROSS-EXAMINE, v. a. [crofs and 

a. A piece of wood fitted into another to 
fupport a building, Dryden. 

3. [In printing,] Hooks in which words 
are included [thur.] 

4. A perverle conceit ; an odd fancy. 

To CROUCH, 7;. n. [crochu, cror-ked, Fr.] 

1. To fioop low ; to lye clofe to the 

2. To fawn ; to bend fervilelv, Dryden. 
CROUP. /. [cro'uppe, French.]' 

1. The rump of a fowl, 

2. The buttocks cf a horfe, 
CROUPA'DES,/. [from croup.] Are higher 

leaps than thole of corvets. Farrier's Die?. 

examir.e.] To try the faith of evidence CROW./, [cjijp;, Saxo.n.] 

by captious queftions of the contrary party 
Decay of Piety. 

CRO'SS STAFF. /. [from crofs and f}a^.] 
An inftrument commonly called the fore- 
Haft', ufed by feamen to take the meridian 
altitude of the fun or ftars. Harris. 

A CRO'SSBITE, /, [crofs and bi/e.] A 
deception ; a cheat. UEJlrange, 

To CRO'SSBITE. v. a. [from the noun.] 
T ' contravene by deception. Cdlicr. 

CPO'SSBOW. /. [crofs ^nA bow.'\ A mif- 

A large biack bird that feeds upon the 
carcafles of beads, Dryden. 

2. To pluck a Crow, to be contentious 
about th-t which is of no value,