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Full text of "Educational times and journal of the College of Preceptors"

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in 2008 with funding from 

IVIicrosoft Corporation 



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THE 



EDUCATIONAL TIMES, 



AND 



gournal of tl)r College of ^Sreeeptors. 



VOL. LXV. 

From Jamiari/ to December, 1912. t 




LOXDOX : 

FRANCIS HODGSON, 89 FARRINGDON STREET, E.G. 



1912. 



THE CONTIilBUTOBS TO ''THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES" INCLUDE :- 



Peof. JOHN ADAM8. 

Peof. ADAMSON. 

A. C. BENSON. 

E. O. BOSWALL. 

A. C. BKAY. 

Mes. BETANT. 

Miss CAETEE. 

E. F. CHOLMELEY. 

Miss CHOLMELEY. 

E. E. G. DUCKWOETH. 

H. G. HAET. 

H. L. HUTTON. 

Mes. INGHAM. 

M. W. KEATINGE. 

J. W. LONGSDON. 



Miss CONSTANCE I. MAEK8. 

Phok. a. F. MUEISON. 

Miss E. E. MUEEAY. 

Du. T. P. NUNN. 

DANIEL H. OGLEY. 

JAMES OLIPHANT. 

K. M. OLIPHANT. 

Paoi-. W. EIPPMANN. 

MICHAEL E. SADLEE. 

Mes. SCOTT. 

F. SMITH. 

Miss KATE STEVENS. 

J. S. THOENTON. 

Prof. FOSTEE WATSON. 

W. E. WHITEHOUSE. 



INDEX. 



m 



i 



ARTICLES, ic. 

Vdjiiiis, Prof. J., on the Correction of 

Hoinp Work, 245. 
Vdams, Prof. .J., on the Middleman in 

Ednciition. 127. 
Aeronniitics, Kxperiiiiental AVork on, 416. 
Esthetics in Scliools, 169. 
Aims and Idrals of thp School, 502. 
Annotation of School Classics, 207. 
-\ppointnients and Vacancies, 23, 65, 125, 

168. 205, 238, 287. 
.\ssistant Masters' Association, 55, 208. 
Benson, A. C, on Esprit de Corps. 323. 
Bibliosraplrv. Scliool Teacliing of. 412. 
Boswall, R. O., on .Aeronautics, 416. 
British Association Meeting, 321, 419. 
Bryant, Mrs., on Moral Education, 114. 
BrVant. IVIrs., on Science and the Home 

Arts, 509. 
Canada Educational Commission, 25. 
Changes in tiie Junior School, 501. 
Chapman, Rev. H. B., on the Soul of 

Study, 208. 
Character-Training Curriculnm, 235. 
Cholmeley, D. F., on Domestic Subjects 

as a Profession for Women, 455. 
Clear Speech and Clean Spelling, 370. 

College op Preceptors:— 
Evening Meetings : see l)eIo\v. 
General Meetings, 67, 318. 
Meetings of Council, 28, 69, 112, 158, 207, 

234, 279, 320. 424, 456. 500. 
Meetings of the Section-, 456. 
Pass Lists : — 
Teacliers' Diploma Examination. — 
Christmas, 1911, 117: Midsummer, 
1912, 455. 
Certiiicate Examination.— Christmas, 

1911, 87, 119; Midsummer, 1912, 343, 
415. 

Professional Preliminary Examina- 
tion.— March, 1912, 158; September, 

1912, 416. 

Lower Forms Examination.— Christ- 
mas, 1911, 95, 121 ; Midsummer, 1912, 
350, 415. 

Certificate of Ability to Teach, 158, 
280, 509. 

Examination of Foreign Teachers, 368. 

Correction of Home Work by Teachers, 
245. 

COKEESPOXDENCE :— 

Agency Fees : E. Jackson, 380, 425, 

Christian Education of Women in the 
East : A. M. Richardson. 241. 470. 

Clean Spelling : J. Martin de Saint-Ours, 
425; W. Rippmann.469. 

East London College: T. C. Hodson.67, 

Education of the Adult Illiterute 
W. M. M. Sellwood. 379. 

Home Music-Study Union, 114. 

Insurance Act, The Best Society for 
Te:ichers: E. Tidswell, 330. 

Insiinince Act and Private Tutors, 288. 

Jlodern Language Examinations : Opti- 
mist, 425. 

]Mural Painting in Schools, 114. 

>.'on Nobis: (■;. B. Freeman, 512. 

Provident Societies, 424. 

" Speech Tests " at Teachers' Examina- 
tions : V. v., 331. 

" Too Old at Forty," 379. 

Cru?e. Mrs,, on the Annotation of School 

Classics. 207. 
Current Events. 21, 63, 123, 165, 203, 236, 

285. 320. 371, 411. 460, 503. 
Diet, Conference on, 235. 
Direct Method. The, 328. 
Dix, Miss S.. on Ti-uining in Domestic 

Subjects. 199. 
Domestic Subjects, Training for Girls m, 

199. 
Domestic Subjects as a Profession, 453, 
Drawings by Children, 378. 
Duckworth, F. R. G,, on ^lonkevnuts, 

507. 
Education Vote, 281. 
Educational Conferences, 55. 
Educational Ladder, 16, 54, 132, 156, 198, 

234, 277. 
Endowments and Benefactions, 22, 64, 

124, 166, 204, 237, 286. 
Esprit de Corps, 323, 

Evening Meetings at the College of 
Preceptors, l':ipers rciul ;it : — 
The Mi(hlleni:in in lMiuc;ition; Prof. J, 
Adams, 127, 



The Jloral Dangers of .Esthetics in 

Schools: JI. W. Keatinge, 169. 
The Self- Education of the Teacher : Miss 

Kate Stevens, 243. 
The Correction of Home Work by 

Teachers : Prof. J. Adams, 245. 
The Plav Motive in the Higher Classes 

of the'School : T. Percy Nunn, 463. 
Science and the Home Arts : Mrs. 
Bryant, 508. 

Examinations in Secondary Schools, 18, 69. 

Faithfull, Miss L., on the Training of 
Secondary Teachers, 376. 

Felkin, W., on the Moral Education Con- 
gress, 468. 

Fixtures, 21, 63, 123, 165, 203, 236, 285. 

Fleming. P. J., on Moving Pictures, 247. 

Froeliel. A Link with, 280. 

Geogivijiliical Association ^Meeting. 58. 

(ieriiiMii. Neglect of, in our Schools, 113. 

German Education, England's Debt to, 
280. 

Gilkes, A. M., on the Public-school Boy, 
55. 

Gould, F. J., on a Character-Training 
Curricuhim, 235. 

Having :i Good Time, 368. 

Head blasters' Meeting, 55. 

lle:iriishaw. F. J. C, on History Teach- 
ing. 59. 

Henderson, J., on Drawings by Children, 
378. 

Historical Association Meeting, 58. 

History Teaching bv Local Records, 59. 

Honours, 22. 64. 124, 166, 204, 237, 285, 

Hopkins Benevolent Fund, 13. 

lii(iusti-i;il Education, 26, 

Iiidiistri;il Schools in Germany, 289, 

Ingham, E, JI., on the Jaques-Dalcroze 
Method, 329, 

Insurance Act and Teachers, 279. 

International Exchange of Children, 280. 

Jaques-Dalcroze, E., on Rhythm in Edu- 
cation, 498, 

Jaques - Dalcroze ^Method of Rhythmic 
Gymnastics, 329, 

Jervis-Read's Non Nobis, 458. 

Keatinge, M. W., on ^Esthetics in Schools, 
169. 

King, C. A., on Vocational Training, 290. 

Leading Articles : — 
Civil University, The, 447. 
Common School, The, and others, 273. 
Competition Condemned, 49. 
Holida.vs, 311. 
Private Schools and Public Conferences, 

9. 
Redis"overies. 493. 

Reform in 3lathematical Teaching, 229, 
State ,\id and the Freedom of Teachers, 

151. 
Teaching of English, 405. 
L'nit.v of the Profession, 363. 
Universities Congress, 193. 
Working-Class View of Education, 107. 

Leaving Examination in Prussia, 325, 
Literary Items, 24, 66, 127, 168, 205, 239, 

288. 
L.C.C.'s relation to Higher Education, 413. 
London Mathemiitical Society, 39, 82, 263, 

303, 526. 
Magnus, Sir Philip, on Private Schools, 54. 
Manual Arts in Secondary Schools, 160, 
Master Smith, The, 375. 

M.iTiiEMATiciL Questions and Solu- 
tions.— Adams, C. W., 141, 180, 260, 436 : 
Aiyar, K. V. Xatesa, 37, 140; Aiyar, 
N. S., 336, 524; Aivar, >', Ramaswami, 
140, 338 ; AUiston, I\'., 300, 337 ; Andrade, 
S., 181: Arnold, I., 38, 261: Ashdown, 
W. J., 141: Atkin, A. L,, 390; Bailey, 
W, X., 392, 480: Barniville, J. J., 140, 
180, 337, 457, 481: Bateman, H., 180: 
Beard, W. F., 37, 216, 300, 437. 525; 
Bergholt. E. G. B., 523 : Biddle, D., 37, 
80,141,180,216,260,302: Bigart. R..216; 
Blalkie, J., 37, 215, 338 : Blvthe, W. H., 
36; Bourne, A. A., 261 ; Brooks, J. W., 
262; Brown, F. Gi. W., 436; Capon, 
R. S., 140, 480, 524 ; Catalan, Prof.. 180 ; 
Chakri\arti, I rof., 141 ; Chepmell, Major 
C, H.. 436: Child. J. M.,525: Cochez, 
Prof. , 261 : Cunningham , Lt. -Col. , 38, 80, 
140, 181, 260, 301, 390, 392, 434, 481, 524 ; 
Curtis, Prof., 392; Das, Pulin Bihari, 
38; Davis. R. V., 80, 141, 179,215,217, 
218, 260, 261, 301, 390, 436. 437, 481, 482. 
525: De, Keshub Dass, 301, 525; De, 
Krishna Prasad, 37, 301 : Dick, Hon. 



Matiiematicai. Questions and Solu- 
tions icttuthii(eil) ; — 
G. R., 79; Dobbs, M', J.. 139: Donlevy, 
Rev. J. C. 261: Freeman, H., 524; 
Gallatlv, W,, 79, 217, .436; Genese, Prof. 
R. W.', 338; Gillson, A. H. S., 216: 
Gopalachari, M. D., 338; Greenstreet, 
W. J., 338, 524; Hammond, J., 139; 
Hippislev, Col, R. L.. 218; Hodgkinson, 
J., 180: 'Hogg, E. G.. 480; Hudson, 
Prof. W. H. H., 390. 481, 525 : McVicker, 
C E., 390, 437; Jlarks, Constance I., 
261, 524; Muir, T., 139, 338: N;inson, 
Prof 79, 81, 179,217,262,336; Nanini- 
engar, M. T., 261, 337, 480: Narayanan. 
S., 80, 140. 217 : Nesbitt, A. M., 141, 180, 
260, 336, 338, 390. 436; Neuherg. Prof.. 
301,437 : Nome, B.,336 ; Orchard, Prof,, 
38- Phillips, F.. 79. 181. 215. 262. 337; 
Relton. F. E . 261, 301 ; Riddle, H., 140, 

216, 338, 482 ; Ross, C, :M., 181. 262, 301, 
391, 525: Siiniana, Prof., 260, 338, 392, 
480: Satyanaravana, 31,. 300: Sayer, 
C, O., 215: Scott, E. L.,300: Simmons, 
Rev. T. C, 525: •■ Solidus," 179: 
Sommerville, D. M. Y., 392, 482; Srini- 
vasan. Prof, R,,261 ; Steggall, Prof,, 141, 
180: Stephenson, P. T., 437; Stuart, T., 
37, 140. 336. 436; Swaminaravan, Prof, 
J. C, 79, 260, 261, 300. 392, 480 : Swinden, 
B. A., 181 : Sylvester. Prof., 337 : Tavani, 
F,, 36: Thompson, A. W. H., 80. 482; 
Waitt, F. W. F.. 436: Wallis, B, C, 

217, 338: Whltworlli, Rev, W. Allen, 
260, 390, 434, 481 : Williams, Proi. 
\ E. A., 524; Woodall, H. B., 37: 
Woodall, H, J., 37: Worrall, T., 181, 
261: Wright, C. E., 179, 181, 262, 525: 
Youngnmn, C. E., 38, 261, 301, 391, 437. 

Middleman in Education, 127. 
Jlodern Languages, The Board of Educa- 
tion on, 499. 
Monkevnuts. 507. 

Jloral Education, Many-Sidedness of, 114. 
Moral Education Congress, 468. 
Moving Pictures in Education, 247, 
Mowry, Don E., on Industrial Education, 

26. ■ 
Murray, Miss E. R,, on Changes in the 

Junior School, 501, 
Niuls, The Future of, 29, 372. 
National Education, 29. 
N.U.T. Easter Conference, 209. 
New Eilucatinn Bill, 157. 
Non Nobis. 458. 
Notes, 10, 50, 108, 152, 194, 230, 274, 312, 

365, 406, 448, 494. 
Nunn, T. P., on the Play Motive in Schools, 

463. 
Ogley, D. H., on School Lighting, 459. 
Oylei-, P,, on Aims and Ideals of the 

"School, 502, 
Pinches, Mr, Edward, 232. 
Plav Motive in Schools. 463. 
Pritchard. E.. on Sexual Hygiene, 326. 
Private-school Master in 1750, 159. 
Private Schools, A Defence of, 54, 
Public-school Boy, 55. 
Registration Council, 157, 316. 
Regulations for Secondary Schools, 369, 
Rhythm in Education, 498. 
Rippmann, Prof. W. , on Clear Speech. 370. 
Riviere, Dr. C, on Sclinol Journeys, 210, 
Sadler, M. E., on Examinations, 69. 
Sargent, W,, on Manual .\rts, 160. 
Scholarships and Prizes, 23, 65, 125, 167, 

204, 237, 286. 
School Journeys, 210. 
School Lighting, 459. 
Science and the Home .\rts, 509. 
Scott, M. C, on Sparks from the Anvil, 

452. 
Scott', May C, on The Master Smith, 375. 
Selborne,' Ejtrl, on Responsibility of 

Democracv, 379. 
.Self-Edncjition of the Teacher, 243. 
Sexual Hvgiene and the Young, 326. 
Sixtv Years Ago, 457, 512, 
Skeiit, Professor, 460. 
Smitli, F*,, on the British Association 

Meeting, 419. 
Soul of Study, 208. 
Sparks from the .Vnvil, 452. 
Stevens, Miss K,, on the Self-Education 

of the Teacher, 243. 
Summary of the Month. 13. 62, 109, 153, 

195, 232. 275, 314, 367, 408, 450, 496, 
Tedder. H. R,, on Bililiography, 412, 
Thornton, J. S., on the Future of Nails, 

29, 372. 
Training of Secondar.v Teachers, 376. 
X'nion of Secondary Teachers, 317. 



Universities and Colleges, 15, 53, HI, 155, 

197, 233, 276. 
Vocational Training, 290. 
Watson, F., on the Private-school blaster 

in 1750, 159. 



REVIEWS, NOTICES, &c. 

Reviews. 

.Vdams's Evolution of Educational Theorv . 

292. 
.Arnold's Educational Classics, 476, 
Besant and Ramsey's Hydrostatics, 72, 
Blucher (Henderson), 1'73, 
Cambridge English Literature, Vol. 7, 70 : 

\"ol, 8, 380. 
Caml>ride:e ^ledieval History, Vol. 1, 250. 
CaiuljrulL'e Modern History", Vol, 13, 70. 
Caiiilindir.' Jlo.iern History Atlas, 427, 
Chotterajs .VIgebra, Part 2, 71. 
Claparede s Experimental Pedagogy, 333. 
Clay's Practical Light, 174. 
Colgrove's The Teacher and the School, 

332, 
Colvin's Learning Process, 210. 
Creighton's Allegory of Othello, 211. 
Fmdlay's The School, 173. 
CTibson and Pinkerton's Analytical GJeo- 

nietry, 30. 
Ccraves's History of Education, 30. 
Gray's Dynamics, 71. 
Hime's Anliarmonic Coordinates, 134. 
Hobson's Plane Trigonoinetrv, 381, 
Jones, J, V. (Poult on), 132. 
Leach's Educational Charters, 153. 
Leiningen-Westerburg's L.etters and 

Journals. 133. 
Lloyd's History of Wales, 426. 
Locke's Educational Writings (Adamson). 

470. 
Loeb Classics, 471. 
McDougall's Body and Mind. 211. 
McNeile's School Calculus, 211, 
Manchester University Education Courses, 

133, 
5Iarczah's Hungar,y, 380. 
Muir s Theory of Determinants, Vol, 2, 

332. 
Myers's Experimental Psychology, 2%, 
Niebergall's Person und Personlichkeit, 

250. 
Perry's Problems of the Elementary 

School, 29. 
Perry's School Administration, 331. 
Ramus, Peter (Graves), 512. 
Rayleigh's Scientific Papers, Vol. 5, 381. 
Rose's Pitt and Napoleon, 426. 
Rousseau on Education (Archer), 470. 
Rusk's Experimental Education, 425. 
Scripture Teaching in Secondary Schools, 

381. 
Skeat's Science of Etymology, 513. 
Somerville's Non-Euclidean Geometry, 

252 
Stirling, J. H. : his Life and Work, 132. 
Thorndike's Education, 471, 
Vivos (WatsonI, 470. 
Watson's Beginnings of Modern .Subject 

Teaching. 30. 
M'liiteliead and Russell's Principia ^fathe- 

matica. Vol. 2, 513. 
Young's Mathematical Monographs, 294. 

General Notices. 

Aeschylus' Agamemnon (Headlam), 254. 

Air Patrol, 513. 

All-Time Tales, 176. 

Animal A, B.C., 514. 

Aristophanes' Peace (Patterson), 296. 

.Arnold's Roman Stoicism, 174. 

As it IS in Heaven, 457. 

Ashworth's Commercial Arithmetic, 428. 

Auld's Quantitative Analysis, 298. 

Babes and Beasts, 514. 

Bab.v Books, 514. 

Baden-Powell's Girl Guides, 256. 

Bailey and Buusor's Chemistry, 72. 

Baker's Public Schools Music Book, 430. 

Baker's The Danube, 34. 

Barnett and Dale's Anthology, 472. 

Baron's Heir, 34. 

Barton's .Analytical Mechanics, 32, 

Barton and Black's Practical Physics, 473. 

Beaumont and Fletcher (Waller), Vol, 10. 

429. 
Bede's Ecclesiastical History (Sellar) , 381. 
Behm's History of some French Kings. 

334. 
Bell's Simplified Latin Classics, 31, 516. 
Bell's Tiny Stories, 176. 



IV 



INDEX. 



BeiiiK'tt's Pocket Philosophies, 474. 

Bennett's Tlie Post Oltice. 299. 

Bevan's Wooing and Wedding, 214. 
Big Book of Fables, 514. 
Blackie's Beautiful England, 382: Chil- 
dren's Annual, 514: Green Pidure 
Book, 514: London Bells Series, 514: 
Picture Books, 514 : Popular Nurserv 
Rhymes, 514 : Rambler Nature Book 
Series, 474. 

Bosanquefs Poor Law Report, 76. 

Boutroux's Science and Religion in Con- 
temporary Philosophy, 136. 

Bovd's Rousseau's Educational Theory, 
178. 

Boy's Book of Adventure, 516. 

Boys of the Border, 51^. 

Bi-flveGirls All, 515. 

Bravest Boy in the Camp, 515. 

Briggs and Bausor's Quantitative An- 
alysis, 473. 

Brown's Chemistry, 473. 

Brown's Selection from Latin Literature, 
31. 

Brown and Johnson's New Outlook Oeo- 
gi-aphv. Book 2. 335. 

Bryant's How to Tell Stories, 32. 

Bryant's Stories to Tell to Children, 32. 

Buckley's Shakespeare Re\ival, 212. 

Burnell and Dick's Inorganic Chemistry, 
175. 

Cambridge Bible for Schools, Pentateuch. 
Exodus. Numbers. 176. 

Cambridge Historical Readers, 519. 

Cambridge Manuals of Science. 138, 299. 

Cambridge Revised Version, 430, 

Cambridge Tracts in Mathematics, 516. 

Cameron s In the Garden, 474. 

Carreras' With Nature through the Year, 
515. 

Carter's School History of England, 74. 

Cat Scouts, 514. 

Cavalier of Fortune, 516. 

Cavers's Practical Botany, 136, 

Centurv Bible, Jeremiah and Lamenta 
lions'. 429. 

Champion and Lane's School Geometry, 
518. 

Chart of the Elements, 473. 

Chart's Ireland. 382. 

Chaucer. (Gateway to (Underdown), 515. 

Christian Knowledge Society's Prize and 
Present Books. 515. 

City of London Yearbook, 1912. 

Classical Association's Reports, 296. 

Claxton's Rambles in the Park, 474. 

Cohu's Our Father, 176. 

Collie and AVightman's First Aid Acci 
dents. 256. 

Coming of Carlina, 515. 

Comrie and Woodburn's Commercial 
Arithmetic, 254. 

Constable's Books for Young Readers, 
515: Modern Biographies, 475; Philo- 
sophies, 518. 

Corbin's Romance of Submarine Engin- 
eering, 515. 

Corke and Nuttall's Wild Flowers, 382. 

Corknin'sRomance of Woman's Influence, 
514, 

Cox's Tiiles of the Gods and Heroes, 515. 

Crane's Morris to Whistler, 520, 

Daddv's Girl. 516. 

Darling's Workshop Arithmetic. 175, 

DaxiMiiTs TiiL'onfiiiu-trv, 175. 

Day's iMilk 'VaUs ol iinngal, 515. 

Davs with the Great Composers, 457. 

Days with the Lyric Poets. 457. 

Deiikin and Humphrevs' Arithmetic, 212. 

Dent's Best French Plays, 254. 

Desnoyers' Vn Homme a la Mer (Poole), 
475. 

Dicks's Book of Northern Heroes, 298; 
Soutliern Heroes, 298, 

Discretion of Decima, 514. 

Dixon's Commercial l.aw, 76. 

Duncan's Wonders of the Shore. 514. 

Du Pontet's Ancient World, 428. 

Duty and Discipline. Essays on. 74. 

Eggar's ^lanual of Geometry, 175. 

Ellis's Alternating-Current Dynamo De- 
sign. 427. 

Englishwoman s Yearbook, 1912, 76. 

Epicurus (Taylor), 518. 

Evans's Intermediate Botany, 72. 

Evans's Medical Science, 76. 

Fathers of Men, 178. 

Finnemore's India, 516. 

Flecker's Scholar's Italian Book. 298. 

Fleming's (larment-Making, 384. 

Fletcher's Western Europe, Vol. 1, 382. 

Fletcher and Kipling's English History, 
130. 

Ford's Latin Exercise Book. 31. 

Fowler's Concise Eniflish Dictionary, 520. 

Franck's Gennan Letter Writer, 212. 

Frazer's English History, 428. 

Fronientin's Annee duns le Sahel (Morel), 
73. 

Frvs Junior Geography, 474. 

Fulton's E\p.isitory Writing. 520. 

Garber's Educational Progress in 1910, 
553. 

Gaskell's Cranford (Brock). 457. 



Gayley's Classics Myths, 32. 

Georgie Porgie Hnnk, 516, 

Gibson's Heines nf Science. 515. 

Girls' BudiTft of Slioit Stories, 515. 

Girls' School Vt^arbook, 299. 

Godfrey's The New Forest, 457. 

Godfrey and Siddons's Solid Geonietrv, 

518: Answers, 212. 
Goodsell's Naturalism and Humanism, 

333. 
Giafton Galleries Exhibition Catalogue. 

32. 
Grahame- White's With the Airmen, 513. 
Gi-ant the Grenadier. 516. 
(jiraves's Poeti-,\' Headers, 176. 
Green Willow, 457. 
Greenstock's Lessons on Latin Grammar, 

516, 
Gregson's Storv of our Trees, 475. 
Grieben's Switzerland, 299. 
Grosse Denker (von Aster), 334. 
Gunther's Oxford Gardens, 520. 
Hall's Conquest of Engineering. 514. 
Hall's School Algebra, Part II, 296. 
Hall's Young Electrician, 176. 
Hamilton's Gret-k Legends, 472. 
Hanfsta- ngl's Schol:ii-s I'artoons, 32. 
Hannah's Eastern Asia. 136. 
Hardy's Orders M Infinity, 516. 
Hawkes. Luby, and Touton's Algebi-a, 333. 
Hawkins's The Siars, 32, 
Hazell's Annual, 34. 
Hearn (Thomas), 475. 
Heath's Our Homeland Churches, 214. 
Heaton's Atlantic Seaboard of North 

America, 474. 
Heaton's Scientilic Geography. 214. 
Hebrew Prophets (Woods and Powell). 

74. 
Hempl's Etruscan Inscriptions, 296. 
Henderson's Lines upon the Cubic Sur- 
face, 516. 
Hero and Heroine, 516. 
Herodotus' Wars of Greece and Persia 

(Lowe), 516. 
Hilda Cowham's Blacklegs, 34. 
Hodgin's Educational Svstem of Ontario, 

33. 
Holiday Resorts, 1912. 256. 
Hollander's Hypnotism, 76, 
Home TTniversiry Library. 138, 299. 
Hooton's Inoriianic Chemistrv, 32. 
Howe's India. 428. 
Hugo's Bug-Jargal (Massard) , 473. 
I Wonder, 34. 
In the Lion's Mouth, 516. 
Innes's Logical Notation for Mathematics, 

72. 
Jacks' Alchemy of Thought, 136. 
Jacks' Among the Idol Makers, 74. 
Jarrold's Empire Rewards, 515. 
Jarvis's Leading Movements in jVIodern 

History, 136, 
JelTery's New Europe. 382. 
Jes-persen's I'lnglisb Lnngiifige, 520. 
Joannt.'s Seaside Resorts of Brittany, 256. 
John (;itili:im. Sub- Lieutenant, R.>'., 514 
Johnson's Electiicily, 514. 
Johnson's Wimbledon Common, 520. 
Jolinston's Pioneers in Australia. 514. 
Jolly Book, 515. 
Jones's Art of the Orator, 520. 
Jones's Experimental Domestic Science, 

335. 
Jones's Photography of To-day, 515. 
Jude and Satterly's 5Iagnetism and 

Electricity, 472. 
Kant (Wenley).382. 

Kerr's Growth of the British Kmpire.334. 
Kimball's Textbook of Physics, 175. 
Kimpton's The Story Threads, 298. 
Kingis (^uair (Lawson). 32. 
Kitchener's English Composition, 519, 
Lang's Book of S:iiiits and Ht-roes. 457. 
Langs History oi Knglish Literature. 520. 
Latin and Greek in Auieriea (Kelson), 381. 
Laurie's Institutes of Fdueatinn, 333. 
Lay's Kxperiuuntelie IVidagogik, 299. 
Lermontov's Heart of a Russian, 214. 
Le Snge's (ill Bias (Poole), 473. 
Letts's Diaries. 34. 
Liiiillev's < )u tlie East Coiust, 256. 
Lnuiley'sTlir :\lnselle. 299. 
Lingu'i fjiitiua StTifS, 516. 
" Little Women" Play, 516. 
Lojino's Diaconus, 472, 
I.ondon Holls Series, 514. 
London Stories, 34. 

l,ongfello\\'. The Children's (JIassie), 514. 
Ijongmans' Continuation Stoiv Readers, 

176, 
Lord of blarney. 514. 
Lorna Doone (Barbour), 32. 
Lowsnn's Textbook of Botany, 72. 
I.ucas s Book ol Fieiicli Verse. 73. 
Macjiulay's Stoiies from Chaucer, 334. 
Maedonell's Italian Fairv Book, 34, 
McDougall's Arithmetical Tests. 518 

Rural Arithmetic. 518. 
Mack's Bush Days. 299. 
Mackail's Greek Poeti.\ , 134. 
Mackinder's Studies in Geognii)hv, Book 

3. 214. 
Macmillan's Children's Classics, 176. 



Macmillan's History of the Scottish 
People, 74. 

llacmillan's Literature Texts. 472. 

Macphail's Essays in Fal ac.v, 382. 

Macv's Book of the Kiuffdom, 457. 

Mag'ic World. 515. 

flairs Junior Mathematics, 254. 

Maisie-Daisie Book, 516. 

Jlalory, Selections from (Wiugg), 472. 

Manchester Technological School Journal, 
473. 

Manson's Compl*-te Bowler, 214, 

Mantmm's Eclogues (Mustard), 174. 

JMarichal and Gardiner's French Reader, 
519. 

iMarlborough's Conversation Manual. 254, 

]\Iarlborough's Self- Taught Series. 212, 

JIason's Knglisli as Spoken To-day, 429. 

M;i^teiniaii Ready (Nelson), 515. 

Medical Examination of Schools, 76. 

Mercer's Calculus for Beginners, 427. 

^lerrvthoughfs Animals Around Us, 514. 

Method Gaspey-Otto-Saner, 212. 

Milne's Elementary Education and Our 
Village. 333. 

^lilne s Cross-Ratio Geometry, 333. 

Miss Xetlierliv s Niece, 515, 

Mohaiiinieil (Townseiid), 475. 

:\Ion Journal. 34. 

Moncriell s Classic .Myth and Legend. 381. 

Monteverde's New Spanish Reuder, 429. 

Moorhouse s Ivory Gate. 176. 

^loran's lusuiaMCH .Act, 76, 

Morris's New Zealand. &.C., 514. 

Jlorris and Jordan's Study of Local His- 
tory, 74. 

Motor Scout. 514, 

Muirhead's Elements of Ethics, 522. 

JIushet's Exercises in f^nshsh, 472. 

Mv First Book of All. 516, 

My Toys Painting Book, 514. 

flyers' First Year Mathematics, 427 ; 
Second Year Mathematics, 427. 

Napoleon's Memoirs (Bourrienne), 515. 

Nelson's Children's Annual, 515; Chil- 
dren's Bookshelf, 516 ; Fireside Library, 
515: Golden River Series, 515; High- 
wavsof History, 519; World's Romances, 
515, 

Newbigin's Physical Geography, 474. 

Niet/.sebf (Liidovici). 518. 

OgIev'> ClH'inisli V and Magnetism, 136. 

O'Gnidvs Matter. Form, and Style, 472. 

Oine, 34. 

Oldham's Quantitative Analysis, 72, 

Onions's Shakepeare Glossary. 212. 

Osborne's I'laetical Arithmetic, 72. 

Ovid, St'lcftiotis from (Lowe), 516. 

Oxford Book of (Jerman Verse, 298. 

Oxford r-;,-riiiau Series, 73. 

Oxforii History Readers, 430, 

Paiuf and Mainwariug's Primus Annus, 
516. 

Paine. Mainwaring and Ryle's Decem 
Fabulae.516. 

Pair of Schoolgirls, 514. 

Pancoasit and Shelly's English Litera- 
ture, 334. 

P:irker's History Plays. 472. 

Partington's Higher Mathematics, 134. 

Paterson's Elementary Trigonometry. 518. 

PeJicock's i\laid Clarion (C'avenagh), 472. 

Penlake's Ho. v to Colour Photographs, 520, 

Pension Kraiis, 214. 

Perkin and Kipping's Cheniistrv, Fart I, 
298, 

Persi:ni Heio (Gandv),472. 

Peter the I'owcUm' Roy. 516. 

Peti:ireh's Secret ( Diaper) , 520, 

Philips' Chamber of Commerce At las, 384 ; 
Niilure Calendar, 1912. 76: New His 
torical Atlas, 384; Pictorial Pocket 
Atlas. 384, 

Photograms of the Year, 32, 

Pi^rgott and Finch's Geography, 474. 

Pirate Airnplane. 514. 

Plaisted's Ediieation of Children, 178. 

Poetry and Life Si-ries. 176. 

Potts and Darnell's Aditus Faciliores. 31, 

Prasad's Integral Calculna, 31. 

Britchard and Ashford's Primary School, 
520. 

Public Schools Yearbook, 1912, 138. 

Quiller-Couch's Roll of Honour, 34. 

Rajpoot's Rings. 34. 

Rambk'f Nature Book Series, 474. 

Rappoport's European History. 428. 

Read's Introductory Ps.vchology, 382, 

Religious Question in Public Educjition, 
74, 

Reynolds's Regional Geography — The 
World, 474, 

Rh.vs's English Fairy Book, 457. 

Ricks's Rational Arithmetic. 518. 

Robertson's German Literature, 298, 

Rose Fairy Book. 514. 

Rose's .\dyanecd English Grammar, 519. 

Saint^buiy's Knt:lish Prosody. 212, 

Salmon's Kcononiie History, 475. 

Samlio and Susanna, 514. 

Sanderson and Brewster's Geometry, 154. 

Sanderson and Jackson's Entomology, 473. 

Sand's La Mare au Diable iMassard), 473. 

Scherer's Etudes (Storr),73. 



Scholar's Book of Travel, 430. 
Scholars and Scouls. 515, 
School in:isiers Yearbook, 1912. 138. 
Self Help History Series— Tudors, 428. 
Sliakrspcare. Tlie Granta. 335. 
Sh:ikespe;ue, The Tudor, 334. 
Shakesi-eare Allusion Book. 212. 
Shakespeare's Coriolanus (Verity). 382. 
Shakespeare's Hamlet ( Verity), 382. 
Shakespeare's Henry the Fourth (Furni- 

vail). 256. 
Shipley's Church History, 176. 
Shortt's Italian (Grammar, 254. 
Shuttleworth and Potts's Mentally Defi- 
cient Children, 518. 
Sidney's Works (Feuillerat). Vol. 1, 256. 
Siepmann's French Series. 73. 
Sinii>nsnn"s Greek (iiaiiiniar, 134. 
Sinclair and .AIcAllisler's Chemistry. 473. 
Smaller Cambridge Bible. 74, 429, 
Solomons Practice of Oil-Paintine:. 32, 
Somervell's Twins' Tune Book, 430. 
Song of Frithiof (Allen), 514. 
Sonnenschein's French Grammar, 519. 
Sons of the Seu, 516. 
Sparkes's Civics, 475. 
Special Reports on Educational Subjects, 

31.212.254,298. 
Stephens's Stories from Old Chronicles, 

298. 
Stevens's ]MercHntile Law (Jacobs), 76. 
Stories from Old Romance, 298. 
Stories of the English, 430. 
Stories from the Greek Writers, 298. 
Stories from the Histories, 298. 
Story of Heather, 515. 
Strang's Annual, Bine Book for Boys, 

Green Book for Girls, Green Book for 

Children, 514. 
Strang's Romance of India, 513. 
Stuart's Education of Catholic Girls, 518. 
Suggestive Arithmetical Test Questions. 

72. 
Sultan's Rival. 178. 

Swanson and .Macbeth's Needlecraft, 335. 
Swedenborg (Sewall), 518. 
Synge (Kickley), 475. 
Taine's Littcratnre Anglaise (Currall), 

518. 
Talbot's Commercial Arithmetic, 254. 
Tarr and McMurry's World Geography, 

335. 
Taylor's Charterhouse, 520. 
Teacher's Eneyclopa'dia, 298, 
Terry's History of Modern Europe. 213. 
Terry's Old Rhymes with New Tunes, 457. 
Thomas's Norse Tales, 472. 
Three Jolly Huntsmen. 514. 
Tliree Joyial Puppies, 514. 
Thucvdides (Grundv), 252. 
Thucydides. Book IV (Spratt), 296. 
Toft's Modelling and Sculpture, 382. 
ToUI thivugh the Ages. 176. 
Tolman's Questions on Shakespeare. 256. 
Tomes's Experimental Arithmetics, 518. 
Tota , 515. 

Treasure Galleon, 457. 
Tristram's Loretto School. 520. 
Tutton's Crystals. 298. 
Twelve Years witli my Boys. 475. 
Two Gallant Sons of Devon, 514. 
UuwilIim,'Selioolgirl,514. 
Virgil's Takini-' of Troy (WinboU), 516. 
Walker's Robbie Books, 176, 
Wallin's Spelling l';ilieiency, 74, 
Wallis's Geiieiai (ieography, 474. 
Warner and Marten's British History, 213. 
Warwick's Greek Sculpture, 457. 
WeeTonv.514. 
Welch's French Genders. 254, 
Welton and ;\Ionahairs !,oi,nc, 138. 
Wesselho' fi's (iernian (irannnar, 473. 
West's Revi.sed Fhi^hsh (Jrammar, 213. 
Westell's Circling Year. 515. 
When Duty Calls. 516. 
White- Far and Peter, 515. 
Wbitelord's Trisection of the Angle, 31. 
Who's Who. 1912.76. 
Who's Who Yearbook, 1912-13. 76. 
Wider Britain, 136, 
Widsith (Chambers) , 254, 
Williams and Walker's History of Eng- 
land. 428. 
Wilson's Compositions in German, 473. 
Wilson's Life in Shakespeare's England. 

256. 
M'ilson and Heilbron's Chemical Theory. 

473. 
Winbolt's Historical Lyrics, 472. 
Winch s When should a Child begin 

Schools 74. 
Windsor and Tun-al's Lyra Historica, 176. 
Witt's The Nation and its Art Treasures, 

32. 
Wood's Industrial P^ngland, 334. 
Wood's Realistic Arithmetic, 518. 
Wood's Thrilling Tales. 457. 
W'ordsworth's Raiha Work, 384. 
Writers' and Artists' Yeirbook, 1912, 76. 
Year's Work in Chissical Studies. 174. 
Yerkes's Introduction to Psychology, 354. 

First Glances. 36. 76. 138, 178, 214, 256. 
299, 335, 384. 430. 476. 



THE 



EDUCATIONAL 



AND 




V^. 



m 1 ^ v§i? 




3>oiinial of t|)f ColUsf of t^i'fffptorsS. 



Vol. LXV.] New Series, No. 609. JANUARY 1, 1912. 



^Published Mmithhj, price, to Noti 
< Members, 6d.; by Post, Id^ 
L Annual Stibscription, Is, 







OLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS. 

INCOBPOBATED BY EOTAI. CHARTBB. 



GENERAL MEETING. 

The H;ilf-Ye:iil,v Gem-ral Jleetinfc of the Members of 
the Corporation will be held at the College, Bloomsbnr.v 
Square. W.C, on Siturday. the 20th of Jannary. 1912, 
at 3 p.m. 

MEMBERS' DINNER. 

The Members' Dinner mil take place at the Holborn 
Restaurant, W.C., on Saturday, the 20th of January, 
at 5.30 p.m. Tickets (not including wine), 6s. each. 
Members who intend to be present are requested to 
send early notice to the Secketaet. Members may 
nlitain tickets for their friends. 

LECTURES FOR TEACHERS. 

The First Course of Lectures (Fortieth .Vnnual Series). 
by Prof. J. Adams. il.A.. B.Sc, LL.D., F.C.P., on 
'■'Rational and Experimental Psychology as applied to 
E'Uication," will commence on Thursday, February 8th, 
at 7 p.m. 

This Course will to a certain extent prepare for the 
E.xaininations of the College in connexion with the Asso. 
ciitesliip. the Licentiateship, and tli- Fellowship: but 
its main purpose will be to present the facts of Psycliol 
ogv in such 11 way as to enable the teacher to make use 
ot'them in the practical work of the school. The work 
will be so arram-'ed as to give the students an opportu- 
nity of compiring the results of their experience with 
the' latest results of psychological research into educa- 
tional processes. The Lectures will be illustrated by 
frequent references to the work in all classes of schools. 

For Syllabus, see page 4. 

The Lectures will be delivered on Thursday Evenings 
at 7 o'clock, at the College, Blooms'iury Square. W.C. 

EXAMINATIONS. 

Diplomas.— The Summer Examination of Teachers 
for til.- Diplomas of the College will commence on the 
26th of AuOTst, 1912 

Practical Examination for Certificates of 
Ability to Teach.— Tlie next Practical Examina- 
tion will be held m February, 1912. 

Examination of Foreign Teachers for 
Certificates of Proficiency in English. 
—These Examinations may be held at any date. 

Certificate Examinations.— The Jlidsummer 
Kiamiuation for Certificates will commence on the 
23th of .lune, 1912. 

Lower Forms Examinations. — The Mid- 
sutiiiuer Examination will commence on the 25th of 
.Innr, 1912. 

Professional Preliminary Examinations.— 
These Examinations are held in March and September. 
The Spring Examination in 1912 will commence on the 
5th of March. 

Inspection and Examination of Schools. 
—Inspectors and Examiners are appointed by the 
College for the Inspection and Examination of Public 
and Private Schools. 

The Regulations for the above Examinations can be 
nbtained on application to the Secretary. 

C. R. HODGSON. B.A., Secretary. 
Kloomsbury Square. W.C. 



G 



OLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS. 

IXCOEPORATED BY ROYAL CHAETEE. 



EXAMINERSHIPS. 

The Council of the College of Preceptors invite 
appliciitions for additional " EXAMINERSHIPS in 
SCRIPTURE HISTORY, PHYSIOLOGY, and 
BOTANY. Candidates must be University Graduates, 
and should have had considerable experience in teach- 
ing. Applications (twenty copies) stating age, degree, 
experience in teiiching and examining, Ac, should be 
addressed to the Dean of the College not later than 
the 31st of January, 1912. If testimonials ai'e sent, they 
should be not more than three in number, and twenty 
copies of each should be forwarded. 

C. R. HODGSON, B.A., Secretary. 

Bloouisbury Square, AV.C. 




PHE 



ASSOCIATED BOARD 

OP THB R.A.M. AND R.C.M. 

FOR LOCAL EXAMINATIONS IN MUSIC. 



Patron: HIS MAJESTY THE KING. 

LOCAL CENTRE EXAMINATIONS (Syllabus A). 
Examinations in Theory held n\ March and Novembei 
at all Centres. In Pnictical Subjects in March-April 
at all Centres, and in the London District and certain 
Provincial Centres in November-December also. En- 
tries for the iMarch-Auril Examinations close Wednes- 
day, February 7th, 1912. 

SCHOOL EXAMINATIONS (Syllabus B), 
Held throughout the British Isles three times a year, 
viz., March-April. June-July, and October-November. 
Entries for the Slarch- April Examinations close Wed- 
nesday, January 31st, 1912. 

I Specimen Theory Papers set in past years ( Local Centre 
I or School) can be obtained on application. Price 3d. 
, per set, per year, post free. 

The Board offt-rs annually SIX EXHIBITIONS, 
tenable at the R.A.3I. or R.C.M. for two or three years. 
Syllabuses A and B, entry forms and any further 
information will be sent post free on application to — 
JAMES MUIR, Secretary, 

15 Bedford Square, London, W.C. 
Teletrrams: " Associa, London." 



BBAZENOSE, STAMFORD. 

BOARDING SCHOOL FOR GIRLS. 

Prmcipals : 
Miss Kellett and Miss A. M. Kkllett, L.L.A. 

TRAINING DEPARTMENT iu which 
students are prepared for the Cambridge Teachers' 



Diploma and National Froe 
uud.'i' lii-hly f|u:iliri.-d ^\\ 



.el 



Union 
Mr 



Examinations 



u 



rNIVEKSITY OV ST. ANDRKWS. 



I,.l...\. DIPLOMA FOR WOMEN. 

The attention of Candidates is drawn to the Ordinaiy 
and Honours Diplomas for Teachers, which are strongly 
reconnnended as suitable for those who are or intend to 
be teachers. 

Examinations are held at Aberdeen, Birmineham, 
lilackburn, Brightou. Bristol, Cardiff, Cro.vdon, Devon- 
port, Edinburgh. Olasgow. Hull, Inverness, Leeds, 
liiveipnol, London, Manchester, Xewcastle-on-Tyu'*, 
Norwich, Nottingham. Oxford, St. Andrews. Sheffield, 
Swansea, and several otliei towns. 

Information regnrdine the Examinations may be nb- 
lained from the Sbci! start L.T>.A. Scheme, The 
University. Si. Andrews. 



WOLSEY 

HALL, 

OXFORD. 



NOTICE.—" THE EDUCATIONAL 
TIMES" for February will contain the CLASS 
LISTS OFCANDIDATESwhohavepassed at the recent 
CHRIST.AIAS EXAMINATIONS of the College of Pre- 
ceptors. 

The \'olunie for 1911 is now ready, price 7s. 6d. Cases 
for binding tlie Yolume may also be had, price Is. 6d. ; 
by post. Is. 8d. 



LONDON COLLEGE OF MUSIC. 
(Incorporated.) 
Great Marlborough Street, London, W. 

Patron : His Grace the Dure of Leeds. 

Dr. F. J. Karn, Mus.Bac. Cantab., Principal. 

G. Augustus Holmes, Esq., Director of Examinations. 



EXAMINATIONS, LOCAL AND HIGHER. 

The NEXT EXAMINATION in PIANOFORTE. 
ORGAN, VIOLIN, SINGING, ELOCUTION. THE- 
ORY of MUSIC, &c., vrill be held in London and 
over 400 Local Centres in April, when Certificates will 
be granted to all successful candidates. The last day 
of Entry is Friday, Jlarch 15. 

The Higher Examinations for the Diplomas of Asso- 
ciate (A.L.C.M.), Licentiate (L.L.C.M.), the Teachers' 
Diploma (L. CM.), and Fellowship (F.L.C.M.) takeplace 
in April (Practical only), Jult, and December. 

New Local Centre's may be formed ; application 
for particulars should be made to the Secretary. 

School Centre examinations may also be arranged. 
Details in the special School Syllabus. 

SYLLABUS for 1912. with Annual Report and Forms 
of Entry, may be had of the Secretary. 

In the Educational Department students- are received 
and thoroughly trained under the best Professors at 
moderate fees. " The Sprine Tpnu begins January 8. 

A COURSE of TRAINING in Pianoforte and Smging 
for Teachers is held at the College. 

A SHORT SERIES of Lessons m special Subjects may 
be had at Vacation and other times. 

T. WEEKES HOLMES, Secretary. 



B.A. 



AND 



B.Sc. 



London University, 1911. 



POSTAL TUITION 

For London University 

MATRIC INTER-, & FINAL 
B Sc. B-Sc. (Econ.\ B.D , 



FREE GUIDE 

on application to 
THE SECRETARY, 



B.A. 



AT BACHELOR OF ARTS, 1911, 

143 

inuivcisity Corl•espo^^cnce 
CoUcae 

STUDENTS PASSED, 

taking 

42 °^"'^ 55 

Places in 

MODERN LANGUAGES 
HONOURS. 



Complete Prospectus, giving Full Particulars of 
Courses for London University Examinations, post 
free from the Secretary, A. BURLINGTON HOUSE, 
CAMBRIDGE. 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Jan. 1, 1912. 



UNIVERSITY OF LONDON. 

TTING'S COLLEGE. 

DEPARTMENT FOR TRAINING TEACHERS FOR 
SECONDARY SCHOOLS. 
Theory, Practice, and History of Education : 
J. W. Adamson, B.A., Professor of Education (Head of 
the Department). 
Psychology : 
W. Brown, M.A., B.Sc, Lecturer. 
The Course, which includes practical work in Secondary 
Schools, extends over one ac:tdemical year, beginning in 
October or January. It is suitable for those who are 
preparing to take the Teachers' Diploma of the Univer- 
sity of London. 

The fee is £20 for the year, if paid in advance, or 
8 guineas per term (three terms in the year). 

TWO SCHOLARSHIPS of £20 each for one year, 
tenable from October 1, 1911, are offered to suitable can- 
didates (men) who are graduates of a British University, 
Appliciition should be made to Prof. Adamson, King's 
College, Strand, W.C. 

tJNIVEKSITT OF LONDON. 

ING'S COLLEGE. 



K 



EVENING CLASS DEPARTMENT. 

COURSES are arranged f..r the INTERMEDIATE 
and FINAL EXAMIXA'I'H INS for the B.A. and B.Sc. 
DEGREES of the U.\1\ERSITY OF LONDON. 
Students taking tlie lull Course pay Composition Fees 
and rank as Internal Students of the University. 

EVENING CLASSES are also held for Mechanical 
and Electrical Engineering, Architecture and Building 
Construction, Drawing, Mathematics, Physics, and all 
other Science Subjects. 

For full informat ion and Prospectus apply to the Dean 
(Mr. R. W. K. Edwakds) or to the Seceetart, King's 
College, Strand, London, W.C. 



UNIVERSITY OF LONDON. 

T7"ING'S COLLEGE. 

EVENING CLASSES FOR THE LONDON UNIVER- 
SITY MATRICULATION AND PROFESSIONAL 
PRELIMINARY EXAMINATIONS. 

Individual Tuition in all subjects required for the 
Examinations. Fee for Half-yearly Course, £3. 3s. 
Students may join at any time at proportional fees. 

Apply to the Secretary, King's College, Strand, 

UNIVERSITE DE RENNES (France). 
FRENCH COURSE for FOREIGNERS 

OF BOTH SEXES. 

■WINTER TERM : From 15 Nov. to 15 Feb. 

SUMMER TERM : From 1 March to 8 June. 

Diplomas. 

DipI6mes de Langue et Litterature Francaises ; Doctorat. 

Reduction of 50 % on railway fares from Dieppe or 

Calais to Rennes. Apply for Prospectus to 

Prof. Feuiilbrat, FacultiS des Lettres, Rennes. 



THE CAMBRIDGE TRAINING 
COLLEGE FOR WOMEN. 
Recognized by the Board of Education as a Training 
College for Secondary Teachers. 
Principal : Miss M. H. Wood, M.A., Litt.D. 
Classical 'Tripos, Cambridge, Girton College. 
A residential College providing a year's professional 
training for Secondar.v Teachers. 

Preparation for the London and the Cambridge 
Teachers' Diploma. Ample opportunity for practice 
in tejiching science, languages, mathematics, and other 
subjects. Fees £75 and £65. Admissions in January and 
September. 
Next Term begins on January 13th. 
For particulars of admission, scholarships, bursaries, 
and loan fund apply— The Principal, Training College, 
Wollaston Road, Cambridge. 



MARIA GREY TRAINING COL- 
LEGE FOR WOMEN TEACHERS in HIGH. 
SECONDARY, and PREPARATORY SCHOOLS. 



Principal: Miss Alick Woods, 
Girton College, Moral Science Tripos. 

Students admitted in January and September to pre- 
pare for the London and Cambridjtie Teachers' Diplomas 
and the Higher Certificiite of the National Proebel 
Union. EIGHT SCHOLARSHIPS (from £15 to £30) 
offered to Candidates with a degree or its equivalent, in 
January 1912. 

WINKWORTH HALL OF RESIDENCE, 217 

Chevening Road, Brondesbury. Por Students attending 
the Maria Grey College. 

Warden: Mrs. H. M. Felkin. 

Tliere are some Bursaries for Students with degrees. 
The Loan Fund is available for all Students requiring it. 

The Hall is situated on high ground, close to the 
College and within one minute's walk of the Brondes- 
bury Park Stjitinii on the North London Railway. 

Forpartioulais ajiply lothe Principal, the W'arden, 
or at the Colhp', Sahisburv Road, Brondesbury, London, 
N.W. 



BIRKBECK COLLEGE, 

Breams Buildings, Chancery Lane, E.C. 
Principal: G, Armitage-Smith, M.A., D.Lit. 

UNIVERSITY OF LONDON. 

COURSE.S OF f^TVDy (DAY AND EVENING) 
for the Degrees of the University in 

ARTS, SCIENCE, LAWS, ECONOMICS, 

conducted by RECOGNIZED TEACHERS of the 
Unive^'sity. 

SUBJECTS —Latm. Gn-ek, English, French, German, 
Italian, Geography, History. Logic. Economics, British 
Constitution, Mathematics (Pure and Applied), Chem- 
istry, Physics, Botany, Zoology, Geology. 

Post-Graduate and Research Work. 

Particulars on application to the Secretary. 



JOINT ACENGY FOR WOMEN TEACHERS, 

74 GowER Street, London, W.C. 

(Under the management of a Committee appointed by 

the Teachers' Guild, College of Preceptors, Head 

Mistresses' Association, Association of Assistant 

Mistresses, and Welsh County Schools Association.) 

THIS Agency has been established for 
the purpose of enabling Teachers to find work 
without unnecessary cost. All fees have therefore 
been calculated on the lowest basis to cover the 
working expenses. 

No Registration Fees are charged to members of the 
above Associations, and their Commissions are reduced. 
Hours for Interviews: 

11 a.m. to 1 p.m., and 3 to 5 p.m. ; 
Saturdays, 11 a.m. to 1 p.m., and 2 to 3 p.m. 

When possible, special appointments should be 
arranged. 

Registrar, Miss ALICE M. FOUNTAIN. 



CHERWELL HALL, OXFORD. 
TRAINING COLLEGE FOR WOMEN 
SECONDARY TEACHERS. 

Recognized by the Board of Education, by the 
Oxford University Delegacy for Secondary Training, 
and by the Cambridge Syndicate, 

Principal — lA\s^ Catherine I. Dodd, M.A. 

(late Lecturer in Education, Manchester University). 

Students are prepared for the Oxford and London 

Teacher's Diploma and the Cambridge Teacher's 

Certificate. 

Fees for the Course from £65. 

Scholarships of from £40 to £20 open to Students with 
a degree on entry. There is a Loan Fund. 



DENMARK HILL PHYSICAL 
TRAINING COLLEGE FOR TEACHERS, 
LONDON, S.E. 
(a) EDUCATIONAL SECTION 
for English and Swedish Gjmnastics and Sports, 
(i) REMEDIAL SECTION 
for Massage and Remedial Swediih Movements. 
Principal: Miss E. Spelman Stavger. M.B.C.P.E. 
and S.T.M.. Sunray Avenue, Denmark Hill, S.E. 



u 



NIVERSITY OF LONDON. 



UNIVERSITY EXTENSION REGISTRARSHIP. 

Applications are invited for this post, vacant by the 
death of Dr. R. Davies Roberts. Salary £700. 
Whole-time appointment. Duties mainly in connexion 
witli (i) L^niversity Extension Courses, (ii) Inspection 
and Examination of Schools. 

Further particulars and forms of statement, which 
must be returned by January 22nd, may be obtamed 
from the undersigned. 

HENRY A. MIERS, 
University of London, _ Principal. 

South Kensington, S.W. 
December 22nd, 1911. 



TRINITY COLLEGE OF MUSIC (Instituted 1872) 

Chairman of Board : SIR FREDERICK BRIDGE, M.V.O.. M.A., Mus.D. 
Director of Studies : G. E. BAMBRIDGE, F.T.C.L., F.R.A.M. 
Director of Examinations : C. W. PEARCE, Mus.D. 
Students may enter at any time, and are received for a single subject or the 
course. Day and K\t'uuig instruction, also by correspondence in Tliroretical 
subjects. Thirty Open .Scholarships tenable at the College, entitling holders to 
free tuition. Prospectus on application— 

SHELLEY FISHER, Secretary. 
Mandeville Place, Manchester Square, London, W. 



The JOURNAL OF EDUCATION is 
a Monthly Record and Review, now in its 
FORTY-FOURTH YEAR OF ISSUE. The 
PREPAID ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTION 
is SEVEN SHILLINGS. A SINGLE 
COPY costs EIGHTPENCE post free. 
Ask for a SPECIMEN COPY, which will 
be sent at once if application is made to 
the PUBLISHER, William Rice, 3 Broad- 
way, Ludgate Hill, LONDON, E.C. 





,^^^1 








M 


^ 






SdMiM'- 








^S 



SWITZERLAND. 

Villa Thamina, La Tour de Peilz. 

Xrar Montreu.r. on Zake of Geneva. 
Mme BARIDON, widow of French Clergy- 
man, receives Girl Pupils. Bright 
home life. French only spoken. Excellent 
Professors. Central heating. Summer and 
Winter Sports. Prospectus with references 
and views. Inclusive terms, £18 for three 
months. 



1912 



1912 



- COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS - 
OXFORD AND CAMBRIDGE LOCAL 

SCRIPTURE. 

St. Matthew, Acts, Samuel (I), Kings (I), in 

mURBY'S SCRIPTURE MANUALS 

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THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Jan. 1, 1912. 



1912. 
THE COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS. 

(Incorporated by Royal Cliarter.) 
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Xccturc9 for ZTcacbcrs 

ox TUB 

RCIENCE, ART, AND HISTORY OF EDUCATION. 
THE PSYCHOLOGY ESSENTIAL TO EFFICIENT WORK IN SCHOOL 

To he delivered bv PiutHss.u-J. ADAMS. M.A., H.Sc, LL.D., F.(J.P., Professor ot 
Education in the University of London. 

The Fir-t Onii-se of (,Hcrures (Fortieth Annual Series) will commence on 
Thursdav, Fehiu«« v 8th. at 7 p.n-. 

This Course will to a Ct^rtain extent prepare for the Kxaminations of the CoUetre 
in connexion with the Associateship, the Licentiate-^hip. and the Fellowship ; but 
i s mniti puipove will be to present the facts of I's.vcholOKy in such a way as to 
enable the le-clier to make use of them in tin- praelu-al work of the School. The 
work will be so arrangred as to g:ive the students nn opportunity of comparing: the 
results of their experience with tlie latest i-esults of psychological research into 
educational processes. The Lectures will be illustrated l)y frequent references to 
the work in all classes of Schools. 

SYLLABUS. 

I. {Feb. 8.) Nature and Scope of Vs„vhoJn,,i,,~Vo\\\t of view: science of con- 
sciousness : nature of consciousness, general and individual : insulation of individual 
consciousness: the subjective and the objective: the study of the soul: meaning 
of the ego, and its various aspects : dangers of the psychological attitude on the part 
of the teacher: psychological data of education : psychology a theoretical study, 
education a practical. 

n. {Feb. 15) PevsonaJitij mid Tetiii>,r,iiite}it. Essential unity of the soul: 
viriou!4 modes of being conscious: the so-called •' faculties ": dangers of hypostasis : 
evolution of personality: nature of temperaments and their classification: per- 
manency of the temperaments, and the means by which they may be modified : 
relation between tempeiament and pei-sonahty : advantages and dangers of using 
" types " in education. 

III, {Feb. 22.) Pie rata fh'e P}'ocessr'S.-~'Kiitme of sensation : thesen.*es. general 
and special : contribution sensation makes to knowledi^e: tlie ■' preferred sense '" : 
the training of the senses: distinction between sensation and perception: the 
mind's share in pei ception : meaiiing and limits of observation : the gaping point : 
rhythm ot concentration and diffusion : the place of inference. 

IV. {Feb. 29.) The Co7ircpfnnl.—'Sn.twti of conception and its relation to per- 
ception: the I'ange of the representative processes : nature and origin of ideas : the 
active and the p;tssi\'e aspects of ideas ; presented content and presentative activity : 
the relation of delinition to the concept: degrees of generality of idejts : the group- 
ing and intei-action of ideas : recall mediate and immediate. 

\. {March 7.) Memori/.—lSioi limited to intellectual processes: fundamental 
nature: relation to personal identity: Bergson's two kinds of memory: pre- 
dominance of the purposive element : possibility of imi)roving the memory as ;in 
original endowment; mnemonics and the education:il applications: learning by 
heart and by rote: reminiscence and recollection: "'verbal," " pictorial, ""and 
" rational " memory : relation to reality. 

VI. {March 14.) Imaffhiaffoti.—D\stmc{\on from memory on tlie one hand and 
conception on the other : relation to thinking, and the corresponding limitations: 
conditions determining the working of the imagination, and the corresponding 
classilication into "kind??" of imagination: iiiiiiortante in red life of * c'ea ly 
imaged ends": function of the imagination in school-work: its aesthetic use: 
nature and moral vahie of ideals. 

VII. {March 21.) Interest and ,-l^^<^-»;'/o».— Natureof each : interaction between 
them : circular reaction: interest as means and as end: relation between the 
interesting and the easy : quarrels about the classification of the kinds of attention : 
the mechanism of attention: its manipulation : its duration : itsihyllim: vaiious 
functions of attention in educational process : moral implications of the newer views. 

VIII. {Mnj/ 2.) Stibcinisciiinsiness ami the /fa/>/7Ha/.— V:igue notions of the 
subconscious and their dangers; nothing mystical about tlie subconscious: the 
dynamic conception underlying it : association a general principle of organic 
development and not lini'ted to ideas : relation to habits : place and value of haliits 
in education: inakingand breaking of habits : special and genera! habits: accommo- 
dation and co-ordination : the cont inuum of c mnion interest: redintegi-ation. 

IX. (Mai/ 9.) Sitf/ffesfion. — '"lie teacher's mi*;ins of manipulating the p;iid-up 
capital of the pupil : suggestion has no power save incalliiigup iileational combina- 
tions already formed: ideas as forces: self-activity: suggt-stinn as self-oiiginaled : 
pseudo-auto-suggestion: meaning of temptation: making pupils temptation proof 
in certain directions : relation of suggestion to imitation : spontaneous and deliberate 
imitation. 

X. (Mnif 16) Rcasmihif/, — Fundamentally an ad;ii)tation of means to ends on 
the ideational [ilane ; may be regarded as the purposive aspect of apperception : 
relation between thought and language: the constant element in thought: tlie 
dynamic liasis of all thinking : the laws of tln>u:^bt us thought : nature and source 
of eriors in thinking : po.vsibiliiy (\i hduest dillfn-nce in in-sults of thinking: place 
and fnnction of syllogistic and other fninial nn des ol thinking. 

XI. {May 23.) The AJI'irtice /*r(»-(?.v.vc,v.— Danger of isolating this aspect of soul 
lie: iinreasonabh^ depreei:ition of the emotions by certain professional philosophers : 
value of emotions as support '^f inteileclual i>rocess : clnssilication of the emotions : 
expression of thrt emoti(ms : Lange-James theory of the relation between emotion 
and its expression: important edncatiimal bearings of the truth underlying this 
theory. 

XU. (Mai/ 30.) C'lmalioji.- Interrelations of knowledge, feeling, desire, and 
will: nature and function of motive: fallacy of "the strongest motive": the 
motiveless will : practical nsiiccts of the theory of the freedom of the will : evolution 
of the will : its subjective and objective aspects : hypostasis of the will : possibilities 
of reiil training of the will: meaning of "breaking the will": iuipoittince of the 
lime element in all attempts at will-training. 



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They also favour its more general adoption. 



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Jan. 1, 1912.] 



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THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Jan. 1, 1912. 



COLLEGE FOR PHYSICAL EOUCATION. 



MEN STUDENTS. 



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THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



PHILIPS' NEW WALL ATLASES. 

EUROPE (Xoir rcuh/). BRITISH ISLES (Beadi/ shorth/). 

Under the joint editorship of J. F. UNSTEAD, IVl.A., and E. G. R. TAYLOR, B.Sc. 
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ALL THE WORLD IN PICTURE AND STORY. A First Book of Geography on Nature Study Lines. 
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EXERCISES IN PRACTICAL GEOGRAPHY. The British Isles. With full-pago Maps facing Exercises. 
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THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. [Jan. 1, 1912. 



A NEW ENGLISH HISTORY. 

Just issueiSm 

THE 

GROUNDWORK OF 
BRITISH HISTORY 

BT 

GEORGE TOWNSEND WARNER, IVi.A., 

Sometime Fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge ; Master of the Modern Side in Harrow School ; Author of 

" A Brief Survey oi British Histor}','' &c. 



AND 



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With Maps, Time Gltarts, and full Index, 

764 pp., super-crov«^n 8vOj 6s. Also in Tw^o Parts, 3s. 6d. each. 



An English History for Middle and Upper Forms, adapted to the methods 
of modern teaching of the subject, has long been called for. Mr. Townsend 
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serviceable for Middle and Upper Forms. 

The subject is treated with the breadth that is now required of senior 
candidates for University Local and similar examinations, and in full consonance 
with the views repeatedly put forward in the circulars of the Historical 
Association ; though, be it said, the work has in no way been suggested by 
these circulars, but is the outcome of the experience of its joint authors, 
Mr. Warner of Harrow^ and Mr. Marten of Eton. 

The authors have sought to trace out the main threads of British History, 
omitting small and unfruitful details ; to treat events in logical sequence by 
fixing the attention upon one subject at a time ; and to concentrate the mind 
upon the chief policy or course of action of each age. 



Prospectus, giving full particulars, post free on application. 



BLACKIE & SON, LTD., 50 Old Bailey, London. 

GLASGOW AND BOMBAY. 



Jan. 1, 191'2.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES 



CONTENTS. 



Leader: Private Schools and Public Conferences 

Notes 10 

The Consultative Committee's Report on Kx.sminritions in Secondar.v 
Schools— The New Permanent Secretary— The Teacliers' Council- 
^Ir. Pease's Opportunity— The Sinews of \Var— London "University 
Buildings— Greek at Oxford— Insurance -The Earnest Student — 
A Veteran Teacher honoured. 

The Hopkins Benevolent Funtl for Teachers 13 

Summary of the Month 13 

Universities and CoUesres IS 

Canjbridge— London— Grenoble. 

The Educational Ladder 16 

Examinations in Secondary Schools : Report of the Consultative 

Committee 18 

Current Events 21 

Fixtures— Honours— Endowinents and Benefactions— Scholarships 
and Prizes — .Appointments and Vacancies — Literary — General. 



Page 
The Canada Educational Commission : Etiropean Experiences ... 25 
Industrial Education : an American View. By Don E. Mowiy, 

Madison, Wis. (From Ednaitioii, Boston) '26 

The College of Preceptors : Meeting of the Council 28 

National Education : the Need for Reform (Sir .Tohn Gorst) 29 

The Future of Naas. By J. S. Thornton ' 29 

Reviews 29 

Problems of the Elementary School (Perry)- A History of Educa- 
tion during the Middle Ages and the Transition to Modem Times 
(Graves)— Tlie Beginnings of the Teaching of Modern Subjects in 
England (Foster Watson)-Elements of Analytical Geometry(Gibson 
and Pinkerton). 

General Notices 31 

New Year Books 31 

First Glances 36 

Mathematics 36 



Zhc lEbucational XTiines. 



l.v auotlier column will be found an important series of 
resolutions passed by a Joint Conference 

Private Schools ^f ^i^g Private Scliools Association, the 
Public Conferences. Teachers' Guild, and the College of Pre- 
ceptors, and unanimously adopted by the 
College Council at their last meeting. The unanimity is a 
memorable and a gratifying occurrence, for, on two of the 
three Associations concerned, private teachers, though fully 
represented, are by no means the preponderating power ; 
and, at the present moment, the centrifugal forces are so 
strong- that to secure combined action in any common cause 
would seem an almost hopeless task. 

We talk of the teaching profession ; but at pi-esent this is 
only a name, an ideal and, if you will, an aspiration and a 
watchword. Teachers are organized, but in sections — we 
might almost say in watertight compartments. The 
solidarity and self-government that distinguish the other 
learned professions are still lacking to teachers ; they are 
still at best a heterogeneous federation. 

This is a self-evident proposition, but to bring it home we 
will give one or two illustrations, and we take the first that 
comes to hand. As we write, there lies before us the Times 
of Christmas Uay. It announces that the Report of the 
Board of Education Consultative Committee on Examina- 
tions in Secondary Schools is issued to-day as a White book. 
With the Report we are not here concerned, but it is signifi- 
cant of an unorganized or disorganized profession that the 
Committee has taken three years to incubate the Report, that 
it is not signed unanimously, that a Report of the same Com- 
mittee on the same subject made in 1904 was of no effect, 
and, further, that the Board of Education expressly disclaims 
acceptance or rejection of the principles laid down, or of the 
opinions stated in evidence by their own officials. And, when 
we proceed to examine the constitution of the Consultative 
Committee, it is clear from the names that it can in no way 
be considered representative of the profession. There are 
on it two acting and two past teachers in secondary schools, 
but there is not a single representative of assistant masters 
or assistant mistresses, and no member has any connexion, 
direct or indirect, with private schools. The Consultative 



Committee is an appendage of the Board of Education ; it is 
appointed by the Board, can consider only questions referred 
to it by the Board, and the Board can either pigeon-hole its 
decisions, as it did in the case of the 1904 Report, or, if it 
acts upon them, as in the case of the late Registration 
Council, use the Council as a scapegoat to bear the blame of 
its own egregious failure. Let us hope that the new Regis- 
tration Council — which, if it ever comes into existence, will 
start under happier auspices — will in time become a truly 
representative and independent Parliament of Teachers. 
On the same page of the Times is a letter from Mr. Nowell 
Smith correcting "an unfortunate error which has crept 
into your otherwise accurate report of the proceedings " of 
the Head Masters' Conference. The error is of no im- 
portance, but we are told that it arose from a request to the 
reporters not to I'eport the discussion which preceded the 
voting. But Mr. Nowell Smith seizes this opportunity 
to correct a general misconception of the work of the 
Conference. It is constantly charged with " futility and 
discussions leading to no result." But, so the President of 
the Conference informs us, the public discussions are only for 
the ventilation of subjects of educational interest and the 
gradual formation of public opinion. 

The real work of the Conference is done in the private 
business meetings and by the Standing Committees, and it 
is proposed next year to cut down the time for public discus- 
sion in order to give more time to private business. This 
may be a wise move, and we cannot honestly say that the 
public will lose much by this restriction of its privileges. 
But there are two alternatives suggested by Mr. Nowell 
Smith's letter, neither of which seems to have dawned upon 
the Conference. Six hours is assuredly scant time even for 
head masters to decide for themselves the policy oi^ public 
schools and to educate public opinion, and it would be too 
much to expect them to prolong their sittings, with a heavy 
term behind them and Christmas day approaching fast. 
But it would be quite easy, were they so inclined, to choose 
some other season. Their brethren in the elementary schools, 
with half their holidays in the year, devote of these, not six 
hours, but six days, to discussing the problems of primary 
education. There is a second course, so obvious that it must 
have suggested itself to the head masters themselves. Why 
do they not commit the happy dispatch, or, to call it by a 
less repellent name, suffer euthanasia r* Like Ariel's guitar, 



10 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Jan. 1, ]9]2. 



they would ouly " die to live in happier life again." Nine- 
tenths of them already belong to the Incorporated Associa- 
tion of Head Masters, and will in ten days' time be debating 
at the Guildhall the same problems that they debated a 
week ago at Shei'borne. " Societates non sunt multiplican- 
dae praeter neeessitatem," and we still live in hope that the 
projected week of Conferences for secondary teachers, on 
the lines of the annual meeting of the British Association, 
may come to pass. 

We have wandered far from the theme with which we 
started — the joint resolutions of the three Associations on 
private schools, and it behoves us, in conclusion, to show 
that our apparent digression is not irrelevant. The resolu- 
tions are eminently' moderate, and few would be prepared 
to meet their demands with a direct negative ; but, as is 
natural with resolutions di'afted so as to approve themselves 
to three distinct bodies, they are somewhat vague and 
colourless and admit of different interpretations. That 
" efficient private schools should be preserved " is, in Eng- 
land at least, a platitude, but it raises at once the question 
who is to judge of their efficiency. Apparently, from the 
fourth resolution, the Board of Education and Local 
Education Authorities are intended, for it is there affirmed 
that, while the general standard of efficiency should be the 
same for private and public schools, it is not reasonable to 
demand of all self-supported schools the same structural 
advantages and equipment as are expected from State- or 
rate-aided schools. To this proposition we niay likewise 
agree ; but it is not one that could be embodied in the 
minutes of a County Council or the regulations of the Board 
of Education, nor does it meet the case of private schools 
that do not seek recognition. The demand that the inde- 
pendence of such schools should be safeguarded is an appeal 
to public opinion. 

There remains the question of scholarships, and here the 
resolution is categoiical and definite. The demand is for 
absolute free trade in scholarships, with the sole restriction 
that the Local Authority must approve the school at which the 
scholarship is held. This also is a most reasonable request, 
but when the resolutions, as was resolved, are sent to the 
Board of Education, the Board will doubtless reply that 
there is nothing in law or in their regulations to prevent 
this being done, and that it is in fact done by the more en- 
lightened of the Local Authorities. We may add that some 
proviso is needed to debar from scholarships pupils whose 
parents require no pecuniary assistance to educate their 
children. We must guard against the repetition in a lower 
social grade of the gross abuse wh.erebj' the endowments of 
Eton and Winchester are squandered on boys whose parents 
have been able to afford from £100 to £200 a year on their 
training at a preparatory school. 

These and many other points which the resolutions sug- 
gest, but on which we cannot now enter, need to be thrashed 
out, not in camera, as Mr. Nowell Smith proposes, but at an 
open conference where the members of the Joint Committee 
may meet and confer with all concerned — representatives of 
])ublic and private schools, of elementary and secondary 
teachers, of Local Authorities and governing bodies. Inspec- 
tors and Examiners ; and the fittest President for such a 
('onference would be the President of the Board of Education. 



NOTES. 



As we go to press, the Consultative Committee have just 

Consultative issued an elaborate Report on the subject 

Committee's Repoii of Examinations in Secondary Schools. 

on Examinations. r l\ i • j- i xi, j. j 

In another column we indicate the trend 

of their argument, and give the main points of their recom- 
mendations. The importance of the matter to the College 
of Preceptors, as well as to the University and other examin- 
ing bodies, is sufficiently plain. We refrain fjom anticipating 
the considered judgment of the Council of the College. 



Mk. L. A. Selby-Bigge, C.B., has been appointed Perma- 
nent Secretary of the Board of Education 
New Permanent ■ ■ . o- tj i, i tvt i. tt 

Secretary ^"^ succession to oir Kobert Morant. tie 

had a distinguished career at Oxford, where 
he became a Fellow of University College, and Lecturer in 
Philosophy in 1883. He was appointed an Assistant 
Charity Commissioner in 1894, joined the staff of the Board 
of Education in 1902, and was appointed an Assistant Secre- 
tary in January, 1904. He served in the Legal Department 
of the Elementary Branch till February, 1907, when he was 
transferred to the Secondary Branch. Since January, 1908, 
he has been Principal Assistant Secretary of the Elementary 
Branch. He is now in the full glare of the footlights, and 
we hope he will play his part with applause. The situation, 
is admittedl}^ difficult, but great things may be done with 
sympathy and tact. 



After all the toil and trouble in connexion with the- 
establishment of the Teachers' Council, it 
Council ^^ disquieting to learn that in some quarters 

there is mooted dissatisfaction with certain 
points in the agreed scheme. A compromise, it is true, 
always leaves something of the nature of a grievance with 
one or other of the pai'ties ; but it is not the part of wisdom 
to disturb it by afterthoughts. The especial rock of offence, 
we understand, lies in the representation accorded to the- 
Universities. The importance of the Universities in the 
educational sjstem, and particularly their reflex influence 
upon the other grades of educational institutions, ought to- 
be sufficiently obvious ; and no less obvious is the advantage 
of having the opportunity of discussing matters with their 
representatives face to face, instead of working independently 
and probably enough at cross purposes. The solidarity of 
the Council not only symbolizes the solidarity of the pro- 
fession ; it means, and it maintains and consolidates, that 
much-needed unity. In a word, it would be a grave mis- 
fortune to seek to disturb the full University I'epresentation 
as agreed by secondary, elementary, and technical teachers 
before Sir Robert Morant. 



Sir John Gorst has blown another trumpet blast for 
reform of national education, and we trust 
it has made the ears of the new Education. 
Minister tingle. Millions and millions of 
money are poured out year by year for " what is called 
' education,' " and " the greater part of this money is, under 



l\/lr. Pease's 
Opportunity. 



Jan. 1, 1912] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



11 



the present system, wasted, and might as well, so far as 
education is concerned, he thrown into the sea." Look at 
Sir George Newman's Report on the physique of the chil- 
dren : "a starved and stunted race is at the present moment 
being allowed to grow up as a legacy to the next generation 
to deal with." "Payment by results" is still poison in the 
system; new methods are hampered or repressed lest "the 
grant " should be imperilled. " The higher or secondary- 
schools and the Universities are still fettered by medieval 
systems " : " we do not educate our scholars and students, 
nor do we permit them by independent research to educate 
themselves ; we only prepare them for examination." Let 
us therefore have " a drastic revolution in the red-tape 
methods by which education is tied and bound." Let the 
Board of Education "now relax or altogether remove its 
tyranny over Local Authorities." Sir John complains at 
large ; it is for Mr. Pease to take the necessary steps in 
detail. Sir John does, indeed, admit the excellent practice 
of a wise, though very exceptional, section of the teachers : 
" there are, it is true, isolated teachers, both men and 
women, in the elementary and secondary schools and at the 
Universities who have struggled to shake off the incubus of 
centuries of custom, and have shown by bi-illiant example 
what education really should be." " Peradventure ten shall 
be found there." But Sir John understands the practical 
importance of the broad brush ; and no doubt the broad 
blush has become tolerably justifiable. It is more than time 
that the mass of the children should be considered more 
specially in i-elation to their futuie life and work in the 
world ; and that in the higher grades the more or less pi'ob- 
able destiny of the few should be specially provided for 
without compromising the proper course for the man}-. At 
the same time, the grip of historical development is to be 
recognized ; and, though it is natui-al to be impatient, it is 
also natural to resist change. There is no escaping the 
struggle of opposing forces. Yet if one looks back over 
a generation — and it is only by surveying a long period that 
one can estimate progress — one cannot but see that things 
have been briskly moving towards better conditions. Mr. 
Pease cei tainly has his opportunity. What will he do 
with it ? 



Mr. Pease, dining with the Clothworkers ou December 6, 
most properly signalized the generous 
y^^i. assistance rendered by the great City com- 

panies to the promotion of facilities for 
higher education in this country. The Goldsmiths' Com- 
pany contributed £50,000 to the new engineering buildings 
of the Imperial College of Science and Technology. The 
Drapers' Company contributed £10,000 to the building fund 
of the new college of Bangor, and this year £23,000 to the 
physiological laboratorj- at Cambridge and £15,000 to the 
University at Sheffield. This year the Clothwoi-kers' Com- 
pany contributed £5,000 to the Textile Industries Depart- 
ment at Leeds University ; and indeed the Company has 
equipped the textile and dyeing department of Leeds Uni- 
rersity to the extent of £161,000 ; it is second in the list of 
donors to the City and Guilds of London Institute, and 75 



per cent, of its income is contributed to the promotion of 
education. The Merchant Taylors Company maintains the 
Merchant Taylors School ; the ilercers' Company is identi- 
fied with St. Paul's School ; the Fishmongers' Company with 
the Gresham College; the Skinners' Company with Ton- 
bridge School ; and the Haberdashers' Company with 
Aske's Foundation. Words failed him, Mr. Pease said 
in conclusion, to commend sufficiently the liberality and 
generosity of the City Companies in the interest of 
education. Presumably, then, the fragmentary donations 
to American Universities, even as intermittentlj- recorded in 
our " Current Invents " lists of endowments, would paralyse 
him into dumb show. And what of McGill University, 
which has just raised over £300,000 within a short week? 
Mr. Pease was speaking in reply to the toast of the Houses 
of Parliament. What had he to say for the generosity of 
Parliament ? What of the embarrassments of the Univer- 
sity of London next door ? Parliament cannot be generous 
lest it should check the flow of private liberality, and private 
liberality is earmarked and partial when it is not actually 
frost-bound. If Parliament cannot see its duty to the nation 
in this matter, might it not at least and at length try the 
effect of adequate example — say, half the price of a Dread- 
nought to begin with f 



The Royal Commission on University Education in 

London has just issued a report (White 

London University -r, \ xi, i • f ii tt • „ „'4-,, 

Build inqs Paper) on the housing of the University. 

It has become clear to them that the 
Imperial Institute buildings are insufficient and incapable 
of being made sufficient, while they are not central enough 
and have never become associated with the University in 
the minds of the public. The Commission " think it is in 
the public interest as well as in the interest of the Univer- 
sity of London that as large a site as possible should be 
obtained in a central position, and buildings erected for a 
reconstituted University which would be a visible sign of 
recognition and acceptance as a great public institution. 
Far more is needed than the minimum accommodation and 
maintenance required by the University for carrying on its 
routine work." These are perfectly obvious propositions. 
Well, University College is quite capable of physical expan- 
sion. But where is the money ? " A great University is 
not self-supporting and can never be so," and London Uni- 
versity, like other Universities in this country, must " depend 
to a large extent for the liberal support necessary for its full 
development on the endowments of private benefactors." In 
that case, we shall still have to wait for the coming of the 
Coquecigrues. Has the Government no duty in the matter ? 
Has the country no probability of profit ? In any case, we 
trust the money is not going into bricks and mortar until 
the Chairs are endowed with at least a living wage. 



Once more the wisdom of Convocation has displayed its 
exiguity in rejecting a singularly mild 
proposal of reform. Even candidates for 
honours in mathematics and natural science 



Greeli 
at Oxford. 



12 



THE EDITOATrONAL TIMES. 



[JaTi. 1,1912. 



ai-e not to be exempted from a peddling examination in 
Greek. Many will agree with Mr. A. C. Benson that the 
defeat of the proposal is matter for congratulation rather 
than for regret. The honours student is likely to be the 
least embarrassed with the Greek prescription : it is the 
average and under average student that is the real sufferer. 
The decision did not rest with the actual teachers of the 
niea affected, who might be supposed to know most about 
the matter, but with non-teachers out of touch with Uni- 
versity or school work. Was it even the decision of Con- 
vocation itself ? Apparently not, at least in any but a 
formal and accidental sense. " I wish to point out," writes 
Dr. Ruble to the Guardian, " that most members of Con- 
Tocation — on whichever side they voted — felt great dis- 
satisfaction that the voting proved nothing as to the views 
of Convocation as a whole. That this is so is quite clear 
from the fact that, roughly speaking, one thousand recorded 
votes out of a possible seven thousand, and of this thousand 
a large proportion were resident members of Congregation." 
Altogether it seems a preposterous way of doing business. 
Mr. Asquith says he has no time just now to undertake 
University reform ; but evidently, unless it be seriously 
taken in hand by the Universitj^, it will soon have to be 
applied by le.ss tender hands outside. 



SiK Philip M.\gnus made a gallant attempt to get secon- 
dary teachers excluded from the operation 
Insurance. •' -,..,. 

of the Insurance Act, explaining the situa- 
tion with his accustomed lucidity and driving home his 
arguments with x-elentless precision. The vast majority of 
assistant masters start with a salary under £160, but ad- 
vance to a higher figure. While they remain under £160, 
they cannot derive anything like adequate benefit from the 
scheme, and they may lose the superior advantages they 
already, in most cases, possess. Miss Tuke, the President 
of the University Women Teachers, cites a case where " the 
provision for one month under existing school arrange- 
ments amounts to more than that for six months under 
the Insurance Bill " ; and governors and Education 
Authorities may possibly enough come to think that their 
statutory contribution constitutes a good reason for with- 
drawing their larger customaiy liberality. True, the 
employer is not relieved " from any legal liability to pay 
wages during sickness to any person employed by him 
in accordance with any established cu.stom," and the cus- 
tomary right has been established in a certain class of 
schools. But this does not affect a liability that is not 
" legal " or a custom that has not been established in the 
legal sense. On the other hand, when assistant teachers rise 
above £160 after insurance for five years, the choice between 
losing the return for their contributions and becoming volun- 
tary insurers does not seem exhilarating. The debate, how- 
ever, drifted to salary and superannuation, and the case for 
an adequate superannuation scheme was strongly empha- 
sized. Mr. Pease spoke of the teachers sympathetically, and 
said he would " like to meet their wishes if it be possible." 
It now lies with the representatives of the teachers to sub- 
mit to him ''a practicable scheme." 



Theru is no resisting the conquests of woman. Two 

years ago the President of the Royal 

Student Academy warned the male students to look 

to their laurels. This year he finds that, 

in spite of his warning, all the principal prizes in the 

painting school (except one), beginning with Gold Medal, 

have gone to the women. He naturally asks wh}' this has 

happened, and he thinks the answer is obvious : 

The female students are in earnest and work hard ; the men are slack 
and either do not know how to work or do not sufBciently care. The 
men, I suspect, are more under the influence of the "spirit of the 
times," and listen to that deadly, irresponsible chatter about genius 
being independent of study, and become slack in their work, in the 
school and out of it. I have no other way of accounting for it. What- 
ever the "spirit of the times" may have fo say about the relative 
positions of man and woman, the capacity of men to excel has shown 
itself from the beginning of the world. And I believe that, while the 
men talk and believe themselves superior, the women are working 
patiently and steadily and with an energy wliich is imbued with the love 
of their work, and their devotion to it is rapidly gaining for them a 
power which, unless the men stand to it and show more determination, 
will slip from them. 

Substantially, Sir Edward Poynter is right. Is there any 
other department of study where the same contrast may not 
be noted ? " The female students work hard ; the men are 
slack." The natural results inevitably follow. 



It is always a pleasure to see a veteran educationist 
^ honoured by a later generation. At Man- 

Veteran Teacher chester, on November 22, Mr. .lohn Angell, 
honoured. pj.c., F.C.S., was entertained at a com- 

plimentary dinner and presented Avith an illuminated address. 
Bishop Welldon, President of the Executive Committee, 
occupying the chair. The honour has been amply de- 
served. Mr. Angell has long been an enthusiastic worker 
in the cause of popular education on scientific lines. While 
conducting the Chemistry classes at the London Mechanics' 
Institution, he co-opei'ated with the eminent Prof. Graham, 
of Universitj' College, as private chemical assistant; and, 
under the influence of George Combe, he took an active 
part in promoting the original Birkbeck School, being 
Honorary Secretary of the Committee that established 
it. Subsequently he accepted George Combe's invita- 
tion to conduct from Edinburgh a movement for advan- 
cing their views on the importance of Science teaching. 
The scheme fell through, however, and ilr. Angell, at 
the invitation of the late Dr. John Watts and the Rev. 
Dr. MoKerrow, went to Manchester to take charge of 
the Oddfellows' Orphan School. Shortly afterwards he 
reorganized the Working Men's College at Salford, model- 
ling the day and night schools on the plan of the Birkbeck 
School, London, and the Williams School, Edinburgh. His 
success at Salford led to his appointment as Mathematical 
Master to the adult evening classes at the Manchester 
Mechanics' Institution ; and, on the introduction of Science 
teaching at Manchester Grammar School, he was appointed 
Science Master, and held the post for eighteen years. Be- 
sides his regular teaching work, he was an active member of 
various literary and scientific societies in Manchester, and 
wrote several useful text-books. For many years he was 
local honorary secretary of the College of Preceptors, of 
which he was also a prizeman in the Theory and Practice 



Jan. 1. 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



13 



of Education. More than twenty yeai's ago he read before 
the College a paper on " Physical Science Teaching." " I do 
not know," wrote Prof. Lanrie, " whether I have ever read 
a treatise on education and method with such cordial con- 
currence and so much admiration." It i.s a very honourable 
record, and the influential recognition of it does great credit 
to ilr. Angell's Manchester friends. 



The Hopkins Benevolext Fuxp foe Teachers, — Tlie Council 
of the College of Preceptors will bhortlj consider applications 
for annuities from the Hopkins Benevolent Fund. In accord- 
ance with the provisions of Dr. Hopkins' will, the annuities will 
be restricted to "poor gentlemen of the age of sixty and upwards, 
whose lives have been devoted to teaching, preference being 
given to those holding diplomas of the College of Preceptors." 
Communications respecting the Hopkins Fund should be ad- 
dressed to the Secretary, the College of Preceptors, Bloorasbury 
Square, London, AV'.C. 



SUMMARY OP THE MONTH. 



In the House of Commons, Sir J. Lonsd.\le (Armagh, ilid) 
asked the Chief Secretary for Ireland if he was aware that of 
fifteen county councils who had allocated sixty-two University 
scholarships of an aggregate annual value of about £2,750, all 
except three had stipulated that these .scholarships should be 
tenable only at the National (Roman Catholic) University, or 
at one of its constituent colleges, and that Irish should be a 
compulsory subject; if he was aware that the effect of these 
conditions was to exclude practically all Protestant students 
from any benefit from these scholarships, the cost of which 
was defrayed out of the public rates, to which Protestants 
contributed; and if, in view of the terms of the Irish Univer- 
sities Act, 1908, he would take steps to prevent Protestant 
students being penalized, and Trinity College and Belfast Uni- 
versity being boycotted, in connexion with these scholarships. 

Mr. BlERELL (Bristol, N.)— Under Section 9 of the Irish Uni- 
versities Act, county councils may assist by scholarships stu- 
dents at any University in Ireland, but no grant under the 
section may be subject to any religious qualifications. While 
the limitation of scholarships to the National University does 
not exclude Protestant students, it would be more in keeping 
with the spirit of the Act if it were left to the student to 
select his University. As I have already stated in the House, 
I expect shortly to be in a position to establish a scheme where- 
by clever boys may be enabled to pass from primary to secon- 
darj' schools, and ultimately to compete for scholarships at the 
University, and I hope that the county councils will help to 
make the scheme possible by dispensing with any restriction 
such as that to which exception is taken, not unreasonably, in 
the question. 

The Annual Conference of Head Masters met at Sherborne 
School (December 21, 22). Mr. Ford (Harrow) moved, and Mr. 
Lowry (Tonbridge) seconded, the adoption of the report of the 
Head Masters' Conference and the Preparatory Schools Asso- 
ciation on Bible Teaching, and proposed that the Head Masters' 
Conference should invite the preparatory schools to give the 
scheme a trial. The Eev. J. R. Wynne-Edwards (Leeds) 
moved, and Canon Swallow (Chigwell) seconded, an amendment 
that the report be adopted with the exception of the recom- 
mendation as to the use of "the forthcoming Schools Bible." 
Thii amendment was adopted. The conference next agreed to 
other proposals of the Committee, as amended, to the effect that 
the Scripture paper in the common entrance examinations from 
!March 1913, onwards, be constructed according to the Joint 
Committee's report, and that the Joint Conference be requested 
to assist in setting the Scripture paper at the common entrance 
examination, in disseminating suitable books, and generally 
watching the working of the report. It was also agreed that 
any suggested modifications and improvements of the scheme 



should be considered at the conference of 1913. The Chairman 
(^Mr. Nowell C. Smith) read a letter from the War Office, in 
which it was stated that the Army Council felt it might be of 
assistance to head masters to have a more intimate personal 
acquaintance with the colleges at which their pupils subso- 
quentlv commenced tlieir military education, and therefore jn- 
\-ited them to pay a visit to the Royal Military College during 
the coming summer. On the motion of Mr. W. W. Vaughan 
(Wellington College), it was decided to accept the invitation. 
"Mr. Lowry (Tonbridge) submitted a resolution to the effect that 
the Conference was not satisfied with the examination for junior 
appointments in the Civil Service and with the prospects of 
successful candidates. Were head masters justified in advising 
boys to go in for Civil Service appointments, in which the 
prospects of promotion were exceedingly small and the salaries 
meagre? The motion was adopted. 



The performance of the Westminster play — this year 
Terence's " Phormio " — proved a great success. The actors en- 
tered into the spirit of the fun with natural ease, being letter- 
perfect in their parts, and succeeded in bringing out the very 
modern character that the turns of the comedy still possess. 
The ej)ilogue, as usual, was well provided with tasty plums, 
which greatly tickled the palate of the beholders. The only 
milk to be had during the railway strike was " condensum 
Helveticum." A burlesque of the Sidney Street Siege brought 
Mr. Churchill, deeply disguised, on the stage, and in the midst 
of the melee the famous " pastor Devonius," with his little 
black sheep, arrived on the scene. Mi-. Lloyd George, with his 
super-tax, was commemorated, roars of laughter greeting the 
little servant who says: " Lambo, lambo imaginem regis, ut 
mihi degrotanti nulla espensio sit." ("I lick and lick the 
King's stamp, that if I fall ill I may be put to no expense.") 
The review of the year was very cleverly presented both by 
author (or authors) and by actors. 



The prizes and certificates gained by students of the City of 
London College were distributed by Sir Thomas Bailow at the 
^Mansion House, the Lord Mayor presiding. Sir Edward Clarke, 
K.C., in proposing a resolution of thanks to the honorary exam- 
iners for their valuable services, and to the Board of Education, 
the London County Council, and the City Parochial Foundation 
for their material assistance, which had made it possible to 
carry on efficiently the work of the College, severely criticized 
the action of the London County Council in its recent dealings 
witli the College. Some time ago, Sir Edward said, a recom- 
mendation was made by an Education Committee of the Council 
that, unless a new Principal was appointed of whom the Council 
approved, and there was a reorganization of the College, the 
Council would withdraw its financial support. To be called on 
to get rid of a Principal who had ser\ed the College so loyally 
and so well struck him as being perfectly intolerable. He would 
rather have seen the College disappear altogether than that the 
go\-erning body should be guilty of such an act of injustice. 
When the recommendation was discussed the Council decided to 
leave out the part referring to the Principal, and, regarding 
the reorganization, while he did not know exactly what were the 
views of the governing body, he thought it very likely they 
would say, "We are the City of London College, and are not 
going to be the London County Council College on any terms," 
When it came to a struggle between the College and the London 
County Council he should enter on the contest with every 
cheerfulness. 

The Education Committee of the London Count}' Council have 
agreed to recommendations of the Education Sub-Committee in 
support of the principle of holding classes for delicate and other 
suitable children in the playgrounds of selected schools, or in 
parks and open spaces near selected schools, and that for 1912- 
1913 the sum of £900 be expended on the v/ork. Inspectors and 
head teachers had reported in favour of the experiments already 
tried in this direction. Where they were taught under open-air 
conditions it was found that the children were fresher towards 
the end of the school session, suffered less from colds and minor 
ailments necessitating absence from school, that there was less 
dullness and sleepiness, and that the activity, carriage, and 



14 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Jan. 1, 1912. 



appearance of the children dealt with had improved. :N[entallj' 
the children were more alert, and gripped their work bettor. 
The playground classes were very popular with the parents. 
The Committee referred to the difficulty of finding sites for the 
schools in those districts of London where they were most 
needed. A solution of the difficulty in some cases might be 
found in the holding of classes in parks and open spaces, and 
thev had the .sympathy and promised assistance of the Parks 
Conimittce. This year the classe? will open on .\pril 1, and 
close on October 27. 

Toe some time past, on the recommendation of a committee 
appointed bv the India Office, negotiations (says the Times) 
liave been proceeding with the London Institution in Fmsbury 
Circus for the provision of a centre for the teaching of Oriental 
languages in London. These negotiations, carried on by Lord 
Ilaldane, as Chairman of the Royal Commission on University 
Education in London, in consultation with the Treasury and the 
India Office, have reached a definite and satisfactory stage, a 
pro\-isional agreement between the Treasury and the governing 
body of the Institution having been arrived at. The details of 
the" agreement will be made public almost immediately, and 
simultaneously the members of the Institution are being circu- 
larized with "a view to e.xeroising certain options as to their 
proprietary rights. They can either be paid out at an agreed 
rate or can retain their connexion with the Institution under 
the entirely changed conditions upon specified terms. The ac- 
ceptance of what are understood to bo very favourable terms by 
the main body of the proprietors seems to be assured, and it may 
be anticipated with equal confidence that the practical help of 
the City Corporation and Companies, the Cliamber of Commerce, 
and other business interests in the City of London essential to 
the complete success of the undertaking will be forthcoming 
now that a definite scheme has been formulated. 



An interim report (says the Daily T eh' (j ra ph) has been issued 
by the India Office Departmental Committee, of whom the Earl 
of Cromer is chairman, appointed in March 1910, " to_ formulate 
in detail an organized scheme for the institution in London 
of a School of Oriental Languages, upon the lines recommended 
by Lord Reay's Committee of 1909." It having been .suggested 
that the London Institution might be utilized for the purpose, a 
detailed report on the proposal was prepared by Dr. Heath, a 
member, and ilr. P. J. Hartog, the Secretary, of the Committee, 
and architect's plans were obtained from Prof. F. M. Simpson. 
As a result, the Committee are unanimously of opinion that, 
taking into account not only the academic but also the commer- 
cial needs which the School of Oriental Studies is intended to 
supply, it would be difficult to find a site with greater advan- 
tages than that of the London Institution; and they are also of 
opinion that, subject to certain modifications. Prof. Simpson's 
plans would provide convenient and satisfactory accommodation 
for the new school at the outset. They desire to emphasize 
the fact that the value of the site of the London In.stitution 
cannot be estimated at less than £100,000, and that at a cost of 
.some £20,000 or £'2.5,0O0 the existing buildings could be adapted 
for the purposes of the new school. The site and buildings of 
the ]>erlin School of Oriental Studies were provided at Govern- 
ineut expense, at a cost of over £.50,000. The estimated annual 
expenditure for domestic and administrati\o staff and establish- 
ment expenses of the school amounts to £4,000. Of this sum 
£1,000 is for rates and taxes, and £1,500 is for maintaining the 
existing library of the institution, containing 200,000 volumes, 
in addition to a more specialized library of Oriental books 
required for the school. In regard to the question of the con- 
stitution of the governing body, the Committee do not desire to 
say more at present than that they are of opinion that it would 
be desirable to establish the school under a Royal Charter. 
They add that, in order to sa\-e time, they have sent a copy of 
their report unofficially to the president of the institution, and 
will be happ3' to do whatever lies in their power to assist in 
bringing the negotiations to a .satisfactory conclusion. Particu- 
lars of Prof. Sim])Son's plans appended to the report show that 
the proposed accommodation provides for a minimum of 805 and 
a maximum of 1,015 students. The ]ilans have been so drawn 
that when mni-e accommodation becomes necessary an additional 



five rooms could be provided by adding a third floor to the new 
building, at a cost of about £1,200. 



At a meeting of influential Sussex residents, held at the Royal 
Pavilion, Brighton (December 12), the Mayor (Mr. Stanford) 
presiding, a proposal to establish a college of University rank 
for the county was unanimou.sly approved. The Mayor pointed 
out that 25 to 35 per cent, of the students attending the higher 
schools and colleges under the authority of the Brighton Town 
Council resided outside the borough, and consequently there \ya,s 
reason to hope that Brighton in this movement would receive 
the hearty co-operation of other Sussex towns. It was not yet 
fuUv realized in England that the leader of modern industry 
must be a highly educated man. He favoured the proposal to 
found a University college for Sussex as a constituent part of 
the University of London. Mr. C. E. Clayton, the originator 
of the scheme, mo\-ed a resolution emphasizing its desirability. 
The Rev. Rhonnda AVilliams hoped the advantages of the scheme 
for girls would be pvit forward. An influential committee was 
appointed to promote the object. 



The recent publication of statistics showing that a large num- 
ber of students of American Universities pay their way by out- 
of-term employments (says the Standard) suggests a method of 
popularizing the English Universities which reformers have 
been too reluctant to establish. Popularization of our Univer- 
sities has developed considerably during the last half-century, 
but it has proceeded on lines of subsidy and scholarship rather 
than on lines of self-help. Both the movement which recruits 
the Universities from the elementary schools and the movement 
which draws working men into them are still based on a tem- 
porary divorce between learning and earning. One of our 
representatives put before an educational expert the figures, 
which showed that £15,000 had been earned by Columbia Uni- 
versity students during one year, and received the following 
opinion as to the merits of this system: — 

" It has been obvious for some time that the newer countries 
would try to get back to the original method by which poor 
men entered the system of higher education. By a gradual and 
detrimental process our two great English Universities have 
become predominantly plutocratic, and, in spite of the numbers 
of cheaper Universities which have now come into existence, 
some amount of capital is practically essential if their educa- 
tional opportunities are to be widely used. Scotland, of cour.sc. 
retains the method of self-help and out-of-term employment, 
but even Parisian students have somewhat lost this tradition. 
There does not seem to be any reason why young Englishmen 
should not be willing to join in ordinary economic life for the 
sake of pursuing their higher education. The academic year 
is really a half-year, and I am afraid that at present men study 
in their holidays more than in the t«rm-times. Scholarships 
do not cause their recipients to deteriorate, but they do In-ing 
those recipients into an atmosphere which discourages eelf-help. 
The country would be stronger by a closer conjunction between 
its economic and its educational life." 



A New York contemporary (says the Siandard) has taken 
the trouble to compile a list of some American women who 
now fill occupations formerly occupied by men. Of about one 
hundred and fifty instances given, the following are among the 
more striking cases: — Violet Oakley has been selected to design 
and paint the mural decorations in Philadelphia's new court 
house: E\-elyn Mitchell is studjang the mosquito for the Smith- 
sonian Institution; Alice Rogers ]Moore is engaged in preparing 
for Harx'ard Universit}' a scientific treatise on the theory of 
composite light; Belle M. Fowler has been appointed Food 
Inspector for the City of Spokane; Louise M. Allen is Seed 
E.xpert for the State of Washington; Lydia Berkeley Tague is 
Judge of the County Court of Eagle County, Colorado; Ella 
Wilson is IMayor of Ilunnewell, Kansas; Georgia M. Martin has 
been appointed Chief Clerk of the Northern Pacific Railroad; 
Lillian Gertrude Randolj:ili conducts the Bronx Society of 
Botanical Culture; Gertrude Jordan is County Treasurer of 
Cherry County, Nebraska, and has just been renominated; Jen- 
nie Connor is a Despatcher of Trains in Massachusetts; Bird 



Jan. 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



15 



Sheldon Manager of the United States Postal Savings Bank at 
Los Angeles, California; Ellen Eose has secured a contract to 
pump coal from bottom of Susquehanna Kiver; and Beatrix 
Jones Govei'nment Landscape Gardener at ilount Verjion. 



Humane Society's medals have been presented to j\[r. E. J. 
Fozzard, teacher at Jlowlem Street, Bethnal Green, School, and 
llr. T. C. Waterland, of Mantua Street School, Battevsea. 
Mr. Fozzard rescued a boy of about six, who fell from a steamer 
on the Broads. He jumped into the water, but, soon realizing 
there was little chance of reaching the child by swimming, ho 
made his way ashore and ran along the bank until opposite the 
struggling youngster. He again entered the water and brought 
the lad to the bank. Mr. Waterland's rescued bather was in 
difficulties at Mablethorpe. The teacher swam to him, but was 
ilung from time to time against the rough sides of a culvert at 
the extreme seaward end of a freshwater drainage outlet. He 
was cut and bruised, and lost consciousness as he left the water. 
He had previously rescued other persons from drowning. 



{From our own Correspondent.) 

There have been no upheavals in the last few weeks of the 
past term. The Senate, by large majorities, 

Camtridge. flatly refused to saddle the undergraduate with 
heavier fees for the relief of the necessities of 
the new-fledged graduate. The original proposal and the modi- 
fied compromise were alike relegated to the limbo of non- 
placefed graces. 

In connexion with the fee sj'stem there is a slight difficult}- 
looming on the horizon with regard to the scientific depait- 
mcnts. To begin with, the official staff have their defined sti- 
pends. Now, in some of the more successful departments, 
physics, engineering, chemistry, and the like, the large increase 
in the work and in the number of the pupils has led to the 
employment of lecturers and demonstrators. For attendance at 
classes and lectures the usual fee of one guinea or two provides 
a more than satisfactory return to the department. It is easjf 
enough to see that a demonstrator who receives some nominal 
stipend will not do badly if he has two courses of lecture.^ 
a term, with about sixty men in each course. But here the 
difficult}- comes in. How are these fees to be apportioned 
among the workers? Obviously, as all the lecturers are utiliz- 
ing the material of University departments, some portion of 
the fees ought to be devoted to the maintenance of the institu- 
tion, while those who like the higher subjects with smaller 
classes ought not to be remunerated on the strict numerical 
extent of their classes. In some departments the arrangements 
are made solely by the professor, and it is felt that some 
general scheme should bo formulated to do justice to all con- 
cerned. All the departments mentioned are so flourishing and 
so well arranged that the difficulty is far from being insuper- 
able. One thing is to be regretted — tliat so many fees have 
to be paid by pupils, and that while, in some branches of our 
work, professors have very few pupils, in others the work of 
teaching is quite beyond the powers of the official .staff. There 
is no doubt about it, that for teaching purposes the college as 
a unit will soon cease to exist: only in the larger corporations 
is it possible to provide adequate and complete teaching in any 
branch of scientific work. Naturally the best teacliers are at- 
tracted to the central body. Where the pupils are, there are tlie 
fees, and, in consequence, the teachers. 

Except for the Specials, this is not the term for examina- 
tions: still a large number of poll-men have to undergo their 
ordeal twice every year with unfailing regularity. Grumbles 
are occasionally heard about the conduct of the Specials. This 
year the examiners for the Law Special seem to have incurred 
the wrath of the average candidate. But after all this is one of 
our weakest departments, and we must be thankful for small 
mercies. 

It is practically decided that the l^niversity lectureships in 
medicine and surgery shall not be continued. In lieu of these 
two appointments a fresh office is to be created, that of Demon- 
strator in ^Medicine to the Eegius Professor of that subject. 
There is an increasing tendency on the pai't of our medical 



students to do the strictly scientific part of their work here — 
that is, to pass the first and second examinations for the JLB. 
while in residence, thus clearing off the subjects of chemistry, 
physics, anatomy, and physiology, but when that is done the 
average man betakes himself to a London hospital where he 
can apply himself to the practical application of his instruction. 
The Cambridge man, although apparently starting late, is able 
to produce even better results than his London confrere, who 
is hampered by thoughts of elementary scientific examinations 
when all his time is wanted for the more engrossing cares of 
clinical work. 

The Master of Corpus, Col. E. Townley Caldwell, has pro- 
ceeded to the degree of LL.D. jure dignitatis, and was pre- 
sented by the Public Orator in one of his neatest speeches. In 
due course. Dr. Caldwell will take his place in the Vice-Chan- 
cellor's chair, and will add dignit}- to the office. 

Dr. Inge, Dean of St. Paul's, has been elected to an honorary 
fellowship at Jesus. The halfpenny press has invented the 
name of " the gloomy Dean," but it is suggested that a sense 
of humour is not always found in the reporters employed on 
the cheaper journals. There is plenty of effer\escence in many 
a bottle although the well fitting cork may keep it in its proper 
place. 

We hear little about some of our L'niversity departments 
— the Observatory, for example — but whatever we do hear 
is good. The latest grant by the Treasury for the pi'omotion 
of astrophysical research is only a recognition of the work 
that has been so ably done by Prof. Newall, and be it remem- 
bered that, in this case, it is a labour of love. As Sir Eobert 
Ball observed in the Senate, he knew- of many of Prof. Newall's 
liberal acts towards the Observatory, but he was perfectl}' cer- 
tain there w-ere many others of which he w-as ignorant, as Prof. 
New-all did not let his left hand know w-hat his right hand 
had done. At any rate, the Newall Telescope, the Huggins 
benefaction, the gift of Major Hills's spectroscopic apjjaratus, 
and finally the transfer of the Solar Physics Observatory to 
Cambridge, are facts to be noted with pride by Cambridge men. 
The suggestion is that, on the next vacancy in the Plumian 
Professorship, this chair shall be charged with the direction of 
the Solar Physics Observatory. 

To turn to outdoor matters. The football match was a dis- 
tinct disappointment to Cambridge people. Our side hardly 
did themselves justice, while Oxford, playing a phenomenal 
game, established a commanding lead at the start. In the 
subsequent tour the fifteen showed that tlie match against Ox- 
ford was not the last word as to the merits of the team. We 
meet again on January 16. 

The Theological Department of King's College contains 187 
regular students. The Council has taken o-ser the 
London. direct control of the Theological Hostel in Jlech- 
lenburgh Square. A favourable oft'er from the 
Ecclesiastical Conunissioners of a site in Vincent Square having 
been made, an appeal for £.50,000, of which £25,000 is for build- 
ing and furnishing the proposed new- hostel, has been issued. To 
promote the incorporation of the secular portion of King's Col- 
lege in the University, an appeal was made, and this enabled the 
greater part of the liabilities of the Council to be cleared off, 
but about £4,000 is still required for this purpose. 



M. Marcel Eeymoxd, President of the Committee of Patron- 
age of Foreign Students in Grenoble University, 
Grenoble. who was recently in London, gave a representa- 
tive of the Times some information about the 
University's extraordinary success in attracting students from 
all over Europe and America to a remote town among the 
mountains of South-eastern France. The movement began in 
1896, when a small municipal subsidy enabled his committee to 
send out circulars announcing the courses of the Faculty of 
Letters. In 1897 one student came, from Germany. In the 
following vear the number of foreign students was five. Then 
an American teacher suggested holiday courses, and the idea 
was put into operation. The total number of foreign students 
at Grenoble steadily and rapidly increased from 154 in 1898-9 
to 1,104 in 1008-9, then to 1,2:!() in 1909-10, and finally to 
1 420 in 1910-11. Of the 1.230 enrolled in 1909-10, 423 were 



16 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Jan. 1, 1912 



Germans, 212 Eussiaus, 135 Italians, 135 Bulgarians, 119 
British, 63 Americans, and 62 Austrians. Special lectures dur- 
ing term, besides the holiday courses, are given for the 
foreigners. The large majority of these students are found 
in the Faculty of Letters, Ijut considerable numbers attend the 
Faculties of Law and Science. The University buildings having 
been far outgrown by the number of students, a new lecture 
theatre for 400 was built in 1905, and another for 800 in 1909. 
The difficulty of securing cheap board and lodging has also 
been overcome. At first only 90 rooms were put at the com- 
mittee's disposal; to-day there are nearly 2,000. 



THE EDUCATIONAL LADDER. 

Beit Memorial Fellowships (£250 a year for three years) fok 
Medical Research. — Dr. P. G. E. Bayon, Craggs Investigator to the 
London School of Tropical Medicine; Evelj^n Ashley Cooper, B.Sc, 
.Tenner Memorial Research Scholar at the Lister Institute ; Dr. Eliza- 
beth Thomson Fraser, Assistant Bacteriologist to the Glasgow Royal 
Inhrmary ; Dr. George Graham, at present engaged in re.search work 
at Munich under Prof. F. von Mueller ; Dr. James Andrew Gunn, 
Second Assistant in the Materia Medica Department of Edinburgh 
University ; Dr. Willougliby Henwood Harvey, at present engaged in 
research work at the Fniversity of Cambridge ; Dr. Judah Leon .lona, 
Assistant Lecturer and Demonstrator in Phj-siology at the University of 
Melbourne; Roland Victor Morris, B.Sc., Private Af.sistant to Prof. 
Perkin; Charles Henry O'Donoghiie, B.Sc, Assistant to the .Todrell 
Professor of Zoology, University College, London ; Dr. Charles Claud 
Twort, Carnegie Research Scholar at the University of London. 

BoAED op Ageiculture axd Fisheries. — Research Scholarships in 
Agi'icultural Science (£1.50 a year for three years) : P. G. Bailey, Cam- 
bridge ; J. Clayton, Cambridge; J. T. Edwards; E. T. Hainan, Cam- 
bridge ; J. Hammond, Cambridge ; J. A. Hanley ; G. E. Johnson, 
Birmingham ; C. G. P. Laidlaw, Cambridge ; A. E. Lechmere, Bristol ; 
J. W. Lesley, Cambridge ; A. Neville, London ; G. T. Spinks, Cam- 
bridge. 

Cambridge, Gieton College.— Gamble Prize (Moral and Political 
Science and Historv) : S. B. Philpotts, Medieval and Modem Languages 
Tripos, Class I, 1911. 

Cambridge University. — Whewell Scholarships: (1) P. J. Baker, 
King's ; (2) A. Black, B.A., Sidney Sussex. Crosse Theological Scholar- 
ship : W. Dodgson Sykes, B.A. designate, St. John's, fl^alsingham 
Medals (Biology and Geology): R. H. Compton, B.A., GonviUe and 
Caius ; Walter Stiles, B. A., Emmanuel. George Williams Prize : Eric 
H. Ward, B A., Sidney Sussex. Jeremie Septuagint Prizes: (1) not 
awarded; (2) John Pinkerton, B A. designate, Emmanuel. — Membeis' 
Prizes: English E.ssay, K. C. Sen, Trinity Hall ; honourable mention, 
Joseph Brennan, B.A., Christ'.s. Latin Essay ; C. L. Bullock, Scholar 
of Trinity. 

C/irixt's. — Scholarships: A. F. Booth (Dewsbury Grammar School), 
£80 for Natural Science ; P. Lane (St. Paul's School), £60 for Mathe- 
matics ; G. R. Sharpe (Highgate School), £60 for Classics ; J. R. Pettit 
(Oundle School), £40 for Classics; G. von Kaufmaun (Mill Hill School), 
£40 for Natural Science ; B. W. Downs (New School, Abbotsholme), 
£40 for Modern Languages. Exhibitions : F. T. Faulconbridge (King 
Edward's School, Birmingham) ; T. O. Connett (Tonbridge School), 
£:iO for Classics; F. W. Goddard (Nottingham High School), £30 for 
Natural Science. 

Clare. — Scholarships of £60 : F. Bastow (Dulwich College), for Mathe- 
matics ; G. W. Claye (Perse School), for Classics; D. W. McMichael 
(Oundle), for Natural Sciences. Scholarships of £50 : H. A. Dyson (St. 
Paul's), for Classics; G. C. Hutchinson (Cheltenham), for History; 
E. W. Ravenshear (Dulwicli College), for Natural Science. Scholar- 
ships of £10 : D. Hender-on (Hailejbuiy), for History: H. V. Leonard 
(Rossall), for Classics ; P. B. Stoodlev (Marlborough), for Mathematics. 
Exhibition : A. C. Chibnall (St. Paul's), for Natural Science. Cave 
Exhibition : W. Appleyard (Wakefield School), for Mathematics. 
Archdeacon Johnson's Exhibition ; .7. P. McGeogh (Uppingham), for 
History. 

Corpus Chrixti. — Mathematical Scholarship: Roland G. Rees, Llan- 
dovery College. Mathematical Exhibition : Mark M. Sayer, Rugby 
School. 

Emmanuel. — Scholarships : H. Gilbert (Middlesbrough High School). 
£80 for Natural Science; A. C. Bartlett (King Edward's School, Bir- 
minghanj), £60 for Mathematics and Natural Science; A. G. Gould 
(City of London School), £60 for Classics; E. Welbourne (De Ashton 
School, Market Rasen), £60 for History ; L. H. Bainbridge-Bell (Marl- 
borough College), £10 for Mathematics ; T. L. Martin (St. Paul's School), 
A. J. Simons (Oundle School), £40 for Classics ; F. B. Finter (St. Paul's 
School), £40 for Natural Science; W. A. M. Winter (Bristol Grammar 
School), for Classics; F. H. W. Jameson (Uppingham School), for 
Natural Science. Exhibitions : G. Finch (Latymer Upper School), £30 
for Mathematics ; R. H. Fawcett (Uppingham School), £30 for Classics ; 



E. F. Thomas (Christ College, Brecon), £30 for Natural Science; J. A. 
Holden (Market Bosworth Grammar School), Dixie Exhibition for 
Mathematics ; D. N. Shorthore (Ashby-de-la-Zouch Grammar School), 
Ash Exhibition for Mathematics and Natural Science. 

Goinille and Cains. — Scholarships : H. G. Green (Bradford Grammar 
School), £80 for Mathematics and Natural Science ; A. G. Duddell 
(Wolverhampton Grammar School), F. G. Brewer (City of London 
School), £80 for Classics ; G. B. Donaldson (Oundle School), £80 for 
Natural Science; J. H. Whitby (City of London School), £60 for 
Mathematics; W. N. U. Dunlop (Fettes College', £60 for Classics; 
G. H. Moriarty (Clifton College), £60 for Modem Languages ; D. R. 
Herriot (Fettes College), J. 0. lies (Rugby School), £10 for Mathe- 
matics ; i'. B. Sutherland (Derby Municipal Secondary School). £40 for 
History ; M. B. R. Swann (Dulwich G llege\ £40 for Natural Science. 
Exhibitions : G. S. Carter (Marlborough College), £30 for Mathematics : 
J. A. Black (Trinity College, Glenalmond), W. D. Churcher (Cheltenham 
College), C. J. Burn (Clifton College), £30 for Classics ; D. W. R. 
Richardson (St. Paul's School), £30 for Natural Science. 

A'iHf/'s. —Foundation Scholai'ships : J. H. L. Lamb.irt (Eton College), 
G. A.'Lupton (The Leys School), £80 for Classics ; F. Torke (Merchant 
Taylors School, Crosby), £80 for Natural Science; D. A. Dawswell 
(Central Foundation School, London), F. E. Gent (Wellingborough 
Grammar School). £80 for Mathematics. Minor Scholarship : F. J. M. 
Chubb (Bradfield College), £60 for Classics. Exhibitions : S. S. Martio 
(St. Paul's School), £40 for Classics ; H. Infeld (Owen's School, Isling- 
ton\ £40 for Natural Science ; W. B. Brown (Royal Grammar School, 
Newcastle-on-Tyne), £40 for History ; E. C. Benthall (Eton College), 
£40 for Classics. 

I'rmiroke. — Scholarships : R. Francis (Clifton College), £60 for Classics ; 
H. Todd (Leeds Grammar School), £60 for Mathematics ; B. M. Bauer 
(Aldenham School), G. A. Curnock (Newbury Grammar School), £60 
for Classics; T. Heathcock (Coatham Grammar School), A. S. Fox 
(Harrow School), £60 for Natural Science ; H. St. J. Attwater (Dulwich 
College), £40 for Classics; D. C. Isaac (Merchant Taylors, School Lon- 
don), E. Giles (Highgate School), £40 for Mathematics; D. St. G. K. 
BosweU (Charterhouse), J. C. Howe (St. Edmund's School, Canterbury), 
£40 for Classics. Exhibitions: H G. Wirabush (Harrow School), £30 
for Mathematics; W, G. Woodrotfe (Malvern College), £30 for Classics; 
H. Freeman (Charterhouse), Honorary Exhibition for Classics; W. B. 
Carslake (Oundle School), K. H. C. Woodroffe (Marlborough College), 
J. C. O'G. Anderson (Cheltenham College), £30 for Classics ; P. Middle- 
mas (Christ's Hospital, Horsham), £3u for Natural Science. 

FetcrhoHse. — Scholarships : R. J. Reichert (Central Foundation School, 
London), £60 for Mathematics ; C. L. Wiseman (King Edward's School, 
Birmingham). £50 for Jlathematics ; H. Thomas (Bradford Grammar 
School), £50 for Natural Sciences ; T. G. Elkington (Bromsgrove School), 
£40 for Classics: G. A. K. Hervey (Marlborough College), £40 for 
History. Exhibition: G. V. Williams (Lancaster Grammar School), 
£30 for Classics. 

Sidnei/ Sassex. — Scholarships : R. H. Lawson (Haileybury College), 
£80 for Classics ; L. P. Long (Dulwich College), £80 for Natural 
Science; J. P. Bromhead (Oakham School), £60 for Classics and a 
Johnson exhibition ; A. J. Hatley (Central Foundation School, London). 
£60 for Mathematics ; S. E. Coyte (Blundell's School), £40 for Mathe- 
matics ; H. F. Green (Newcastle High School), £40 for Natural Science. 
Exhibitions : T. F. G. Taylor (Rossall School), £40 for Classics ; 
A. B. Thompson (Marlborough), £30 for Classics ; R. W. Jackson 
(Taunton School), £30 for Mathematics; G. H. Oriel (Taunton School). 
£30 for Natural Sciences; S. Rogerson (Worksop College), J. E. R. 
Rosier (St. Paul's School), £30 for History. 

.SV. /(j/iji'.v.- Scholarships : F. P. White (Owen's School, Islington). 
£80 for Mathematics and Natural Science ; A. Geary (Market Bosworth 
Grammar School), £80 for Mathematics ; A. R. Jacob (Dulwich College). 
R. J. Hilary (Tonbridge School), £80 for Classics ; A. Montagncm (City 
of London School), L. A. Higson (Christ's Hospital), £60 for Mathe- 
matics ; A. G. Patton (City of London School), £6U for Classics ; H. 
Stanier (Longton High School', £60 for Natural Science ; H. S Good- 
rich (Sheffield Central School), £60 for History ; W. H. Bruford (Man- 
chester Grammar School), £00 for Modern Languages ; T. Frederick 
(Aldenham School), £40 for Classics; G. E. Briggs (Grimsby Municipal 
College , R. Stoneley (City of London School), £40 for Natural Science ; 
R. H. W. Cobbold (Marlborough College), £40 for Classics. Exhibi- 
tions : R. F. Budden (Bournemouth School), £30 for Mathematics ; 
A. J. Beard (Felsted School), £30 for Classics ; W. Marshall (Notting- 
ham High School), F. O. M. Eai-p (Bridlington Grammar School). A. S. 
Hibberd (Weymouth College), £30 for Natm-al Science ; H. D. Bushell 
(HoUoway County Schoolj, £30 for History ; E. E. Polack (Clifton 
College), £30 for Hebrew. 

7>i«i^(/.— Entrance Scholarships : W. N. Bailey (Technical Institute, 
Consett), for Mathematics; E. N. Buxton (Harrow), for Natural 
Science; C. G. M. des Graz (Eton), for Cla.ssics ; E. W. Hamilton 
(Eton), for Mathematics ; D. C. Henry (Malvern), for Mathematics and 
Natural Science ; C. V. L. Lycett )King Edward's School, Birmingham), 
for Mathematics ; E. E. Meyrick (Marlborough), for Classics ; S. Pollard 
(King Edward's School, Birmingham\ for Mathematics and Natural 
Science ; L. Y. Sanders (St. Olave's Grammar School), for Natural 
Science ; R. E. Sedgwick (Perse and Westminster), for History ; E. K. 
Wakeford (CUfton CoUego), for Mathematics; H. V. Willink (Eton), for 



Jan. 1. 1912 ] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



17 



Classics. Exhibitions : W. E. L. Brown (Charterhousej , for Natural 
Science; N. M. Butler (Harrow), for Historj' and Classics; L. P. L. 
Edwards (Whitgift Grammar School, Croydon), for Natural Science; 
"W. H. A. Lawrence (AYilliani Ellis School), for Mathematics ; H. R. 
Lupton (Wellington), for Mathematics ; T. H. Marshall (Rugby), for 
Classics; L. H. Sanger-Davies (Marlborough), for Mathematics; R. 
Vickers (Edinburgh University), for Mathematics. 

Trinilji HaU. — Scholarships : J. T. Baines (Harrow), ffiO in Classics ; 
A. St. Gr. Walsh (Stockport Grammar School), £40 in Mathematics; 
N. H. Statham (King's College School), £40 in History. Exhibitions of 
£30 in Natural Science: G. E. Birkett (Lancaster Grammar School), 
R. G. Turrall (Quetn Elizabeth's Grammar School, Crediton). 

Canterbury, Kixg's School. — Junior Foundation King's Scholar- 
ships : W. J. Pott.-*, B. W. Galpin, T. R. Juckes, A. G. D. AVest, all of 
the King's School. Probat'oner Foundation King's Scholarships : S. G. 
Galpin (Junior King's School), H. Wace iMr. de AVinton, Sitting- 
bourne), E. A. E. Smith, J. S. Blunt (Junior King's School), R. 0. H. 
Fuller (Miss AVatsou AVillis, Eastbournej, A. AV. Rigden (Joinior King's 
School). Entrance Scholarships : C. F. Hodgson (Mr. Crabtree, Sun- 
ningdale), H. Wace (Mr. de AVinton, Sittingbourue), H. Sutherland 
(Mr. derrill, Dover), N. A. Potter 'Junior King's School). House 
Scholarship : R. O. H. Fuller (Miss Watson AVillis, Eastbourne). 

Dublin University. — Mathematical Studentship, £500 : James B. 
Brown. Classical Studentship : H. AA'. Burd. 

London University. — University Scholarships in Law : S. V. F.ir- 
rington, private study ; E. C. Mayers, private study, and Chao Chu Wu, 
King's, equal. 

luniivit Siihuul of Economics. — Gladstone Memorial Prize : C. W. Sabin. 

L'ohioii (Koi/al Free Jlos/titiil) Sclmol of Meilieinc for n'omm. — Exhibi- 
tion : N. Gibson ; Special grant, Joj'ce B. Reed. School Scholarship : 
Joyce B. Reed. Mabel Webb Research Scholarship : C. Leetham. 

Marlborough College.— Foundation Scholarships: N. C. Harrison, 
home tuition; F. W. S. Joru-dain (Jlr. 0. C. LjTiam, Bardwell Road, 
Oxford) ; J. P. Bardsley (Mr. J. W. E. Pearoe, Merton Court, Sidcup) ; 
F. W. Russell (Jlr. E. H. Parry, Stoke House, Stoke Poges) ; C. M. 
Clayton (Mr. T. R. Wilcox, Alleyn Court, WestcIitf-on-Sea) ; J. B. 
Charlesworth (Rev. J. A\^. Chippett, Riber Castle, Matlock); C. M. 
Pollock (Mr. G. S. Chittenden, Streete Court, AA'estgale) ; D. C. Taylor 
(Mr. O. H. Bradnack, Sutherland House, Windlesham) ; A. L. May- 
cock (Rev. T. J. BuUick, Marlborough House, Hove) ; C. R. AA^aller 
(Mr. F. H. P. Palmer, Hill House, St. Leouards-on-Sea) ; AA^. C. Streat- 
feild (Air. E. A^ H. Elliott. Stoke Bishop, Bristol) ; E. A". Staley (Mr. 
W. Ray, Alton Burn, Nairn) ; H. St. J. ]i. Watson (Mr. G. W. Grug- 
gen, Hinwick Hou.se. Wellingborough) ; I. D. S. Stitt (Mr. C. S. Hay- 
ward, Bengeo School, Hertford) ; and R. AV. Durno (Mr. F. .J. 
Heramings, Weymouth). Honourable mention— F. M. Hawes (Mr. 
R. A. Beresford, Hunstanton) ; A. N. Bryan Brown (Rev. R. Bull, 
Southborough) ; and A. G. S. Muntz (Rev. R. Bull;. Lidian Scholar- 
ship : J. S. Darling (Mr. F. B. Welch, Oswestry School). 

Oxford Untveesitt. — H. P. Pelham Scholarship : Donald Atkinson, 
B.A., Brasenose. Charles Oldliam Scholarship : R. S. Eiox, Exhi- 
bitioner of Exeter. Ireland and Craven Scholarships : Cyril Asquith, 
B.A.. Scholar of Balliol, Ireland and Craven Scholar. Froxime accesse- 
rniit John Bell, Scholar of Balliol, and Charles E. S. Dodd, Exhibitioner 
of BaUiol, equal. Craven Scholars : Hon. Gerald W. Grenfell, Scholar 
of Balliol, Craven Scholar (Mr. Bell not being eligible). Distinguished 
in the Examination : M. R. Ridley, Exhibitioner of Balliol, and 
E. F. AA''. Besley, Scholar of Balliol, and A. de C.Williams, Exhibitioner 
of Balliol, equal. 

i;»«io/. — Classical Scholarships: A. J. Adam, Winchester CoUege ; 
W. K. Potter, Dulwich College ; and J. S. Maun. Dulwich College. 
Domus Exhibitions in Classics : J. Mackenzie, Fettes (College ; R. Dendy, 
Haileybury CoUege ; and G. M. Hewavt, Manchester Grammar School. 
WiUiams E.xhibitiou in Classics ; M. H. MacmiUan, Eton College and 
private tuition. Brakenbury Scholarships in History : Browning, Glas- 
gow University ; and B. H. Sumner, AA^inchester College. Williams 
Exhibitions in History : F. H. Underbill, Toronto and Balliol College ; 
A. C. Harwood, ShrewsViury School. BrakenbmyScholarship in Natural 
Sciences : no election. Williams Exhibition in Natural Science : K. W. 
Lane, Rugby School. Mathematical Scholarship : V. G. Ursell, Mon- 
mouth Grammar School. AA^Uiams Exhibition in Mathematics : G. E. S. 
Stewart, Giggleswick School. 

ii(«Sf«osc. —Junior Hulme Scholarship, £100 : C. J. Gadd (King 
Edward's. Bath) and E. H. Lawrence (JIalvern College). Open Scholar- 
ships, £80 : H. G. AVilkie (Uppingham). E- A. Parker (Clifton). Somer- 
set Thornhill Scholarship, £70 :" J. C. Stokoe (Manchester Grammar 
School). Somerset Thornhill Scholars-hip, £80 ; J. A. G. Leask (Fettes). 
Scholarship in Modern History : R. H. Peck (St. Paul's). 

Christ ('hiirch. — Open Scholarship in Natural Science : Alfred Ken- 
drew, Oxford Boys' High School. College Exhibitions in Natural 
Science : Hedley George Watts, Worcester Royal Grammar School ; 
Philip Garthwaite Kuowles. ilill HiU School. Open Scholarships in 
Classics : J. H. M. Stainforth (Charterhouse), J. F. L. Elliot (Rugby), 
E. A. Mackintosh (St. Paul's). College Exhibition in Classics: A. H. 
Armstrong (Eton). Douglas Jen-old Scholarship in English Literature : 
J?. A. Rose (Aberdeen University). 



Exeter— Open Classical Scholarships : R. H. Barrow (Manchester 
School), R. B. Arnell (Beikhamsted School), E. J. Solomon (St. Paul's 
School). Stapledon Scholarship: F. F. B. Hobbs (Christ's Hospital). 
Stapledon Scholarship for Mathematics : V. T. Saunders (Kiugsbridge 
School). Open Exhibition : A'. L. S. Bedwell (St. John's, LeathCThead) . 
Sjnnes Exhibition : G. J. Elliott iFelsted School). 

ILrtfonl.—ln Classics.- Open Seholar.ships of £100 for five years: 
Arthur S. C. Barnard, Cheltenham College ; Desmond H. Beatty, Kino-'s 
College School, Wimbledon ; and Edward B. Fry, Lewis School, Pe°n- 
gam, Cardiff. Harrow Scholarship of £100 for five years : Charles E. 
Bland, Harrow School. Meeke Scholarship of £40 for four years : 
James Nash, Worcester Cathedral King's School. Meeke Scholarship 
of £40 for four years (open for this turn and awarded for History): 
John H. Kealy, Portsmouth Grammar School. In Alathematics. — Open 
Scholarship of £100 for five years: Graham C. K. Jolley, Bradford 
Grammar School. Sons of Fellows Scholarship : AVUliam P. Campbell, 
Clifton College. Exhibitions in Classics : A. C. Cameron, Radley 
College ; H. J. Clarke, Repton School ; H. G. Dixey, Sherborne S ;hool ; 

A. W. Hodges, Epsom School; 0. AV. Price, Radley College and 
Hertford College. Exhibition in Mathematics : R. Bird, 'CentralSehool, 
Sheffield. Exhibition in History : S. J. F. Maiden, King's School, 
Canterbury. 

J"es„.9.— Scholarships : R. L. Murray (St. Edmund's School, Canter- 
bury), £S0 for Classics (Rustat) : B. L. Manning (Caistor Grammar 
School", £80 for History ; E. G. Myddelton (Wellingborough Grammar 
School). £60 for Mathematics ; N. C. Hamilton (St. Olave's Gram- 
mar School). £dO for Classics (Rustat) ; A. F. Akhurst (Merchant Taylors 
School, London). £40 for Mathematics ; H. A. R. Crookham (Felsted 
School), £40 for Classics (Rustat) ; R. J. AA^ait (Oundle School), £40 for 
Natural Science ; W. T. Sargeaunt (Cheltenham College), £40 for 
History (Rustat). Exhibitions : J. B. Kirkpatrick (Marlborough 
College), £;30 for Classics ; C. E. Newham (Nottingham High School), 
£30 for Natural Science. 

Kthh. — Classical Scholarships : H. N. Smith, Exeter Grammar School ; 
and G. W. R. Treadgold, Dulwich College. Glenalraond Classical Scholar- 
ship : .1. G. Frere. Modern History Scholarship : G. R. Goody, late 
of AA'eymouth College. Open Classical Exhibition : L. A. Cattley, 
Marlborough College. 

Lui'Mn. — Scholarship of £80 in Modern History : H. D. E. Ferguson 
(Rugby). Pratt Scholarship of £60 : W. Ashley (Oundle School and 
Birmingham University). Exhibition of £30: G. N. Sutton (Christ's 
Hospital). 

Miifldalen. — Senior Demyships : for four yeai-s, T. F. Winmill, B.A., 
late Exhibitioner of the College (formerly of the East London College) ; 
till end of 1913, John E. V. Crofts, B.A., formerly Bible Clerk of Queen's 
College (previously of Magdalen College School). Demyship in History : 
Gerald M. Sproat, Winchester College. Exhibition in History : Richard 

B. Graham, Manchester Grammar School. 

Merton. — Chambers Postmastership (Classics) : Geoffrey R. G. Jlure, 
Eton CoUege. Open Postmasterships : John Lawson, Dulwich College, 
and Robert W. H. Pringle, Fettes CoUege. Exhibition of £60 : Henry 
O. T. Rischbieth, Merton College and Adelaide University. Postmaster- 
ship in Mathematics : Reginald Bird, Central Secondary School, Shef- 
field. Exhibition of £60 in Mathematics : Arthur E. Birch, East 
London College. Exhibition of £60 in Classics : Alfred G. N. Divey, 
Manchester Grammar School. History Exhibitions : £80, Charles S. B. 
Buckland, Tonbridge School ; £60, Karl H. Culpin, Doncaster Grammar 
School. 

Xew CoUege. — Scholarship in Modem Historj' : D. F. Jerrold, AVest- 
minster School. Exhibition in Modern History : E. Brewerton, Man- 
chester Grammar School. Open Scholarship in Mathematics: John 

F. L. Bray, Aske's Hatcham Boys' School. AA''inchestei- Scholarships 
and Exhibitions — Scholanships in Classics : J. E. Sl-ephenson, J. AY. 
RusseU, and R. M. Don. Exhibition in Mathematics and Physics : 
W. L. F. Browne. Exhibitions in Classics: A. D. Finney and E. B. 
Reynolds. 

Oriel. — Open Scholarships: P. N. R. Butcher (Sherborne), J. C. Penny 
(Fettes). M. H. Gilkes (Dulwich). Adam de Brome Scholarship : 
W. G. Reid (Aberdeen LTniversity). An Exhibition has been offered to 
P. H. B. Lyon (Rugby) ; and the Ireland Exhibition to A. F. H. AViggin. 

Queen's. — Foundation Scholarships : Arnold M. Stephens, Maoohester 
School (Classics) ; Thomas Scott, Royal Academical Institute. Belfast 
(Classics); William L. Ferrai-, Bristol School (Mathematics) ; Ernest H. 
Davenport, Cheltenham CoUege (Modern History). Eglesfield Scholar- 
ship : Harold A. Feldtmann, St. Bees School (Classics). Jodrell 
Scholarship: Cecil K. Hughes, St. Bees School (Classics). Hastings 
Exhibitions : RusseU Green, King Edw.ard VII School, Sheffield (hono- 
rary scholar) (Classics) ; Percy Fnmess, Wakefield School (honorary 
scholar) (Classics) ; Frank Taylor, Bradford School (honorary scholar) 
(Mathematics) ; Thomas M. Mivcleod, Giggleswick School (Classics) ; 
John L. I. Hawkesworth, St. Bees School (Modern History) ; Hintou 
J. Harris, St. Bees School (Natural Science). Southampton Exhibi- 
tion : JIalcolm H. Mackeith, King Edward VI School, Southampton 
(Natural Science). 

*. JoAh's.— Open Scholarships in Classics : A. Moody, Felsted School ; 

G. H. Claypole, King's School, Canterbury ; and F. A. Newsham, 
Harrison College, Barbados. Exhibition in JIathematics : H. H. 
Shephard, Manchester Grammar School. Exhibitions in History: J. 



18 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Jan. 1, 1912. 



Sever, Manchester Grammar School : and W. C. Costin, Beading 
School. 

ycijii/y.— Scholarships of £80 a year for Classics : G. F. Lawrence 
(Winchester College), F. N. Tribe (Clifton College), A. G. Righy (Leeds 
Grammar School), A. G.N. Dixey (Manchester Grammar School). Ex- 
hibitions for Modern History : £70 a year to W. T. Sargeaunt (Chelten- 
ham College) ; £60 a year to G. A. K. Ilervey (Marlborough College). — 
Millard Scholarship of £.S0 a year for Natural Science : A- M. Bown 
(Gainsborough Grammar School). Ford Student.ship.s (close) : F. L. Goad 
(King's School, Canterbury), V. C. H. Young (Brentwood Grammar 
School). Henniker Exhibition : H. M. Wilkin.son (Charterhouse School). 

irad/inm. — Hea-p Exhibition (Hebrew): C. G. Herbert, Merchant 
Taylors School. Scholarships of £80 a year : H. Samuels, Liverpool 
College ; H. G. Powers, St. George's School, Harpenden ; and G. T. 
Paine. King Edward VII School, ShefEeld. Exhibitions : H. A. H. 
Gibbons, Repton School ; H. P. C. Burton, Repton School ; L. T. 
Seymour, St. Edward's School, Oxford ; and A. E. Morris, Cardiff 
College. 

Royal Acadkmy. — Gold Medals and Travelling Studentships : 
Historical Painting, Mnrgaret L. Williams ; Landscape, Gladys M. 
Clark Kennedy ; Sculptm-e, John Angel ; Architecture, Alan Binning. 

Wellington Colleoe. — Oj)cn Scholar.ships : J. B. Purefoy (Messrs. 
Dehne, Radeliffe, and Ellis, St. Neots, Eversley), £80 on the Modern 
Side and the Robert Henry Wentworth Higher Scholarship ; W. H. E. 
Thomas (Messrs. M. C. Pitkin and G. Saudwith, Earlevwood School, 
Ascot), £80 on Classical Side; G. C. D'Aubuz (Mrs. Wolsey White, 
Marlborough House, The Drive, Hove), £80 on Modern Side; P. M. 
Balfour (Rev. H. Bull, AVestgate-on-Sea), £60 on Classical Side ; R. L. 
Griffin (Mr. R. Bruce Lockhart, Eagle House, Sandhurst), £50 on the 
Classical Side. 



EXAMINATIONS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS. 
EEPORT OP THE CONSULTATIVE OOilMITTEE. 

The report of the Consultative Committee on Examinations 
in Secondary Schools has just been issued in a portly volume of 
some six hundred pages, about a hundred and forty of which 
are occupied bv' the text of the report. The Board of Education 
stands uncommitted by any opinion expressed by anybody in the 
•\olume. As to practical suggestions of refoiin, it is lield that 
tlio number of examinations should be roduced and their pres- 
sure upon the early years of school life relieved; and that in 
their management the experience of teachers actually ^^■orking 
in the schools should be more systematically taken into account. 
"The award of certificates should be made in fuller knowledge 
of the inner life of the schools and of the methods of teaching 
employed in them. And the machinerj' of external examin- 
ation should be so readjusted as to provide, what does not now 
exist, a generally accepted test of the school work of pupils at 
about sixteen years of age, a test so devised as to furnish a 
giuirantee of their having received up to that point the sound 
and liberal education upon which their advanced studies, 
whether at school or college, might be based." The cardinal 
point of a plan of effective reform being combination of inspec- 
tion with e.xternal examination, the Conunittee reject external 
examinations controlled by provincial authorities or organized 
by the Board of Education, and recommend external e.\amin- 
aiions held by an Examinations Council. 

" Tho Examinations Council," it is stated, " .should include 
1 epresentatives of the Univerisities, of the Local Authorities, and 
of the teachers, men and women, in different types of schools, as 
\\ ell as of the official experience of the Hoard of Education itself. 
Tlie new body should bo so constituted as to comprise a limited 
number of persons of practical experience, especially of the 
ii'quirements of professional, industrial, and connnorclal life. 
The function of the Council would be the supervision of all 
I'xternal examinations in recognized secondary schools. It 
would lay down regulations as to the scope, time, and method 
of these e.xaminations. It would control their organization, 
lix tho fees to be charged for admission to them, and aiipi'0\e 
of tho examiners. In all secondary schools aided or recognized 



by the Board, no external examinations would be permitted ex- 
cept those held under the authority or with the approval of the- 
Examinations Council." 

The establishment of an Examinations Council, it is thought, 
W(juld bring order into the present confusion. It would replace- 
multiplicity of .standards by unity of control. It would set up, 
in lieu of the present bewildering variety of examinations and 
certificates, a clear and progressive series of tests and awards 
under tho supervision of a body which would be authorized b\^ 
the State, representative of educational experience, and asso- 
ciated with (though not administratively controlled by) the- 
Board of Education. 

" The plan which we are now considering lias the further 
advantage of so combining the w^ork of the inspectors with the 
conduct of external examinations as to facilitate the establish- 
ment of that earlier certificate for which we have suggested the 
name of the Secondary School Testamur. It is not proposed 
that this Testamur should be issued under the supervi.sion of 
the external examining authority. But the importance of 
maintaining in proper relation to each other the standards 
upon wliich the Secondary School Testamur and the Secondary: 
School Certificate would he respeotivelj- awarded makes a close- 
co-operation necessarj- between those who will have the- 
responsibility of awarding the School Testamur and the body 
which will fix the standard of the Secondary School Certificate- 
Examination. Such co-operation would be fully secured by the- 
work of an Examinations Council established in intimate- 
relation to the Board of Education, but, so far as the conduct 
of secondary-school examinations is concerned, independent in 
determining the method of examination and the standard of 
award." 

To prepare the way for the constitution of an Examinations 
Council, it is suggested that the Board of Education should in- 
vite the principal bodies that conduct examinations in secondary 
schools to a Conference to discuss: (1) the means by which the- 
external examinations now conducted by those bodies may be- 
brought into intimate connexion with the system of inspection 
without imposing inspection by two inde])cndent authorities 
upon any school; (2) the means by which the various examin- 
ations ma}' be brought to equivalence of standard according tO' 
their respective grades, with due regard to that variety of re- 
quirement which is beneficial to the schools; and (3) the means- 
b}' which tlie experience of the existing examining bodies could: 
best be made available for the guidance of the new represen- 
tative authority when established for the supervision and con- 
trol of all external examinations in recognized secondary 
schools. 

Importance is attached to the need of altering puUic opinion- 
towards external examinations. It is pointed out that the 
results possess a conventional value " -which induces, and often 
virtually compels, teachers to devote a disproportionate amount 
of thought and energy to preparing their pupils for success 
in them." The publication of examination results in newspapers 
and prospectuses is not approved, and it is contended that thej' 
set up a false standard bv' which teachers are fettered. Also, 
governing bodies and parents ai-e encouraged " to content them- 
selves with ^^■hat appears to be sufficient evidence of the school's 
intellectual efficiency, but which in reality diverts attention 
from the details of that process of intellectual training which 
is of far greater importance than success in passing an e.xamin- 
ation." Ever5'thing should be done to encourage and extend 
progress from the elementary to the secondary schools. ''We 
have therefore proposed," say the Committee, " that opportuni- 
ties for secondary education should be enlarged by the supply of 
a sufficient number of bvirsaries, scholarships, and maintenance- 
allowances, so that pupils of promise should be enabled to take 
advantage of the full course of secondary education." 

It is also suggested that certain types of elementary schools 
should be recognized as qualifying tlieir pupils for tlic privileges 
of tho Secondary-School Certificate Examination, and that other 
pupils should be admitted as external candidates to the examin- 
ation and should be gi\en a certificate -vvliich should be regarded 
as an alternative qualification. To this proposal Mv. Marshall 
Jaokman takes exception. He contends that to have two certi- 
ficates, the Secondary-School Certificate and the Secondary 
Education Certificate, side by side, will be an evil, and that con- 
tempt will be poured on the alternative certificate. 



.Jan. 1, H>12.1 



TFTE EDUCA^TIONAL TIMES. 



vo 




THE HOUSE OF CASSELL 



Cassell*s Sixpenny Lessons in French. 

Xcw Edition revised liy Ja.m^s Boiklle, IJ.A. (Univ. Gall. J. 256 I'li^es, 
cro'AU 8vo, piiper cover, 6cl. lut. 

Casseirs Elementary Algebra. ByV. m. Turn- 

itn.L, M.A.. Senior ]\[:it}ieiiiatical Muster at the Perse School, Cambridge. 

246 pa^es. clotli, 2s. 6d. Answers. Is. net. 
This highly reeoniinfiuUd book contains an elementary course of Alfrebra with 
graphic solutions. It consists mainly of oral and written exei'cises, and has been 
Ki'adually developed from arithmetical processes. 

The Story of English Literature. By Anxa 

lU cKLAXn. Xew and Enlarged /;(;/^«», with 20 full-p;ig:c I'lates. 608 pages, 

clotli, 3s. 6d. 
This important work has new been extended and improved by the addition of 
authoritative matter, bringing the story of English literature down to the deaths 
of Swinburne and Meredith. 



A History of England. By h. o. ar>-old-Forstek. 

j\I.A. Fully [llnstraii'd. 41st Thousand. 816 pages, bound in cloth, 5s.; 
cloth gilt, gilt edges. 6s. 6d. ; half ciilf, 7s. 6d. net. Also in Two Parts— 
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Dramatised History. By Mrs. Basil Gothorp. Five 

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All the great epochs of History are illustrated, and in addition to the plays, thi- 

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A Connplete Manual of Spelling, ou the 

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MORELL, LL D. H'ind Thousand. Crown 8vo, 128 pages, limp cloth, 6cl. ; 
superior binding, Is. 



CASSELL'S UNRIVALLED DICTIONARIES. 



Cassell's New French Dictionary. Feench- 

ExGLisu — EsGLisii - Frencji. Edited liy James Boielle. B..A. >fpwl,v 
Revised by r>E V. Payen-I'ayxe. A>sistiint Examiner in French in the 
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Cassell's Pocket French Dictionary. French- 

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448 pages. Cloth. Is. 6cl. net. Leather-bound Edition, printed on India 
paper, price 2s. 6d. net. 

Cassell's Latin Dictionary. Latin-English — 

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Corrected. Cheap Edition. 3s. 6d. ; hail morocco, 4s. 6d. net. 



Cassell's New German Dictionary. Gerjun- 

English— Exgj.i3ji-(;i;e5iax. By Karl Breui.. JI.A.. Litt.D. (CambridRe). 
Ph.D. (Berlin), Schroder Professor of Cierman at Cambridge. Upwards of 
1,300 pages. Cloth, 7s. 6d. net ; half leather, 10s. 6d. net. Cheap Edition. 
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Cassell's Pocket English Dictionary. By 

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Suffixes. Foreign Phrases, Abbreviations, &c. 452 pages. Cloth, 6d. net : 
full leatlier, gilt. Is. net. 

Cassell's English Dictionary. Giving Definitions 

ol more than 100.000 words and jihrases. 1,100 pages. Cloth, 3s. 6d. ■ half 
morocco, 5s. 



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20 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



fJan. 1, 1912. 



Cambridg-e University Press 



The Revised English Grammar, a new edition 

of " The Elements of English Giammar," hased upon the recom- 
mendations of the Committee on Grammatical Terminology. By 
Alfeed S. West, 51. A., Trinity College, Cambridge. Extra fcap. 
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Tennyson: Fifty Poems (1830 to 1864). 

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21 



NEW BOOKS ISSUED DURING THE YEAR 1911 



1Iltaivev8it\> XTutortal press 



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CURRENT EVENTS. 



'University) Ilutonal press, 1L^., 

DRURY LANE, LONDON, W.C. 



The Half-yearly General Meeting of the 

Members of the College of Preceptors will be 

Fixtures. j^^j^ ^^^ ^.j^^ Q^^^^^ ^^ Saturday, January 20, 

at 3 p.m. 
In the evening of the same day there will be a Dinner at 
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Preceptors and their friends. 

* * 

The Annual Meeting of the Incorporated Association of 
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The Annual Dinner, which will celebrate the Association's 
twenty-first year, will be held at Pagani's Restaurant, 
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* * 
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The tenth Annual Meeting of the Xorth of England 
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Presidency of Lord Grey. Tiiere will be a comprehensive 
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castle-upon-Tyne, and F. H. Pruen, M.A., Secretary, 

Armstrong College. 

* * 

The Annual General Meeting of the Modern Language 
Association will be held at Birmingham on January 4, 5. 

* « 
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The L.C.C. Annual Conference of Teachers will be held 
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The Annual Meeting of the Mathematical Association 
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ampton Row, W.C, on January 10. 

* * 

* 

The Annual General Meeting of the English Association 
will be held at University College, London, on January 12 

and 13. 

« * 

The Bible-study Week for Teachers in Elementary Schools 
and in Sunday Schools at Claydou, Bucks, is fixed for 
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* * 
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The National Peace Congress will be held at the Caxton 

Hall, Westminster, ilay 15-18. 

* * 

* 

A Conference has been arranged by the Associatwn for 
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22 



TtlE EDUCATIONAL TIMFS. 



[Jan. 1, 1912. 



The Imperial Conference of Teachers' Associations, con- 
vened by the League of Empire, Las been fixed for July 
13-16, 1912. 



The Second International Congress of Entomology will be 
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Executive Committee : Dr. Malcolm Burr, care of tbe En- 
tomological Society of London, 11 Cbandos Street, Cavendish 
Square, W. 



The Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded 

Honours. jointly to M. Tobias M. C. Asser, Member of the 

Dutch Council of State and Legal Adviser to 

the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, formerly Professor 

in the University of Amsterdam, and to M. Alfred H. Fried, 

editor of the Friedenswarte (Vienna). 

* * 
* 

The University of Oxford has conferred the honorary 

degree of D.C.L. upon Viscount Hythe, M.A., Hon. Fellow 

of Balliol ; and the honorary degi-ee of M.A. upon Watkin S. 

Jones, B.A., B.Sc. AVales, Jesus. 

* * 
* 

The University of Cambridge has conferred the honorary 

degree of LL.D. upon Earl Grey (Trinity) and Baron Roth- 

."^child (Trinity) ; and the honorary degree of M.A. upon Mr. 

Gregory William Eccles, for forty-eight years agent for the 

University Libi'ary in claiming books under tbe Copyright 

Act. 

* * 
* 

The University of Sheffield has conferred the degree of 
Doctor of Metallurgy upon Mr. Andrew McWilliam, Pro- 
fessor of Metallurgy in the LTniversity, who has just been 
appointed to a Government post in India. 

* # 
* 

The University of Manchester has resolved to confer the 
following honorary degrees : — 

LL.D. (at meetiug- of the Historici.l Associatiou in January) : Prof. 
Firth, Oxford ; Prof. Lodge, Edinburgh ; Prof. Pollard, London ; J. E. 
Morris, Treasurer of the Historical Association. 

D.Sc. (at opening of the new Physical Laboratories Extension, or on 
some other suitable occasion) : JImc Curie ; Sebastian Eerranti, Pre- 
sident of the Institution of Electrical Engineers. 

* # 

The University of Wales has conferi-ed the honorary de- 
gree of D.D. upon the Rev. Griffith John, of Hankow, in 
recognition of his translation of the Scriptures into Chinese. 

*■ * 
* 

The German Crown Order oE the Second Class has been 
conferred upon Ur. A. W. Ward, Master of Peterhouse. 

* » 
* 

Mii. F. W. Hakdwich, M.A., Professor of Mining in Shef- 
field University, has been elected President of ihe Midland 
Institute of Mining, Civil, and Mechanical Engineering. 

« * 

The Royal Medal of the Royal Society has been awarded 
to Dr. W.H. Bayliss, D.Sc, F.B.S., Assistant Professor of 
Physiologj' in University College, Loudon. 



The Dean of Canterburj' and Dr. Richaid Lodge, Professor 

of History in Edinburgh Univeisity, have been elected to 

Honorary Fellowships at Braseiiose College, Oxford. 

* * 
* 

Mr. George A. Macmillan, Hon. D.Litt., of Lincoln Col- 
lege, Oxford, has been elected to an honorary Fellowship of 
the College. 



The Dean of St. Paul's has been elected an Honorary 
Fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge. He was formerly a 
Professorial Fellow of the College. 

* * 

* 

A handsome brass tablet has been placed in Queens- 
wood School to commemorate the services of the late Rev. 
David .1. Waller, D.D., Chairman of the Board of Governors 
from the foundation of the school in 1894 to his death, 
in 1911. 



An anonymous donor has offered to erect 
Benef^eUons" I'* University College, London, " the build- 
ings for the combined School of Architec- 
ture (resulting from the amalgamation of the schools at 
present separately conducted at University College and 
King's College), together with — so far as a sum of £30,000= 
will suffice — studios for the teaching of sculpture and the 
rearrangement of the School of Fine Art ; and the Depart- 
ment of Applied Statistics, including the Laboratory of 
Eugenics." 



One munificent donor has contributed £70,000 to the- 
movement for a Shakespeare Memorial Theatre in London,, 
and smaller sums have been received and promised. Con- 
tributions may be sent to the Shakespeare Memorial Com- 
mittee, Whitehall House, Charing Cross, S.W. 

* * 
* 

Mrs. C. Kaylek has given £1,000 to University College- 
Hospital to found and endow a Lectureship in Physiology 
and Pharmacology, in memory of her father, the late Dr. 
Sydney Ringer, F.R.S., formerly Consulting Physician to- 

the Hospital. 

* * 

Mb. and Mrs. Walter Bailey, on occasion of their golden 
wedding, have given £1,000 towards the rearrangement and 
decoration of the interior of a portion of University College,, 
London. 



Sir Edwin and Lady Durning-Lawbence have given £8,000 
to the endowment fund of University College School, Hamp- 
stead. Sir Edwin is an Old Boy, and Chairman of the 
Council of the School. An " Old Govver " has given £1,000. 



£9,500 is required to erect a permanent building for the- 
Lriverpool University Settlement. £-i,000 has been promised.. 

* * 
* 

Haileyhury College still wants £5,000 for its commemor- 
ation Fund. Contributions to the Secretary. 

« # 
* 

The Rev. John A. Reeve, of Marlborough, sometime 
Rector of St. Maiy, Lambeth, and Chaplain to the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, has bequeathed £1,000 each to- 
St. Augustine's College, Canterbury, and to Selwyn Col- 
lege, Cambridge. 

# # 

Mr. Roueet Irvine, of Edinburgh, who died a good many 
years ago, left a portion of his estate to accumulate to- 
£30,000, and then to be banded over to the University of 
Edinburgh to found a Professorship of Bacteriology. The 
£30,000, it is understood, will be given to the University 
presently. 

* 

Mr. John Thompson, of the Aberdeen University Press, 
has left an endowment for a Lectureship in Aberdeen Uni- 



Jan. 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



23 



versity on " The Structure and Functions of tlie Human 

Bodv." 

* # 

The Hon. Roland G. Hazard, Rbode Island, lias presented 

to tbe Anthropological Museum of Aberdeen University a 

large and valuable collection of flint arrow-heads, illustrative 

of all the tj-pes of primitive arrow-heads and Red Indian 

arrow-heads used by the Indians of the United States from 

the Atlantic to the Pacific. 

» * 

* 

The Endowment Fund of £300,000 required by McGill 
University has been raised — in five days. A cablegram was 
received in Montreal from Lord Str.athcona offering to give 
£20,000 if £400,000 were raised, but a reply was sent stating 
that this offer came too late. 



Brtn Mawr will receive £125,000 under the will of Miss 
]']. C. Woerishoffer, a graduate of the College. Columbia 
University will take £486,000 of the estate of the late Mr. 
John S. Kennedy ; New York University and the Presby- 
terian Board of Aid for Colleges, £195,000 each ; Robert 
College, Constantinople, £370,000 ; and Yale, Amherst, Dart- 
mouth, Bowdoin, Hamilton, and Glasgow, £20,000 each. 

* * 
* 

Mr. JosEi'ii Pulitzer, of the Xew York World and the 
Ht. Louis Post-Despatch, who left some £6,000,000, has be- 
queathed £200,000 to Columbia University to establish a 
.•School of Journalism, and £200,000 more if after three 
years the School proves successful ; also £50,000 for scholar- 
ships and prizes. If Columbia fail to act, the money goes 
to Harvard for similar purposes. 

The will (says the New York correspondent of the 
Standard) provides the following other annual grants : — 
£200 for the best American novel presenting a wholesome 
atmosphere of American life and the highest standard of 
American manners and manhood ; £200 for an American 
play best representing the educational value and power of 
the stage for raising the standards of good morals, taste, 
and manners ; £200 for the best American biography teach- 
ing patriotic and unselfish services to the people ; £400 for 
the best book upon American history ; £300 travelling 
European scholarship for the most talented American art 
student ; £300 travelling Eui-opean scholarship for the most 
talented American musical student. 

The Metropolitan ^Museum of Art and the Philharmonic 
Society each receive £100,000. 

# * 

Pkixce Roland Bonaparte has given £10,000 to the French 
Academy of Science for aid in research work. 



In connexion with the work of the General Education 
Board of the United States, we (Nature) learn from Science 
that conditional appropriations amounting to £127,000 have 
been granted to six colleges and Universities by the Board 
of Trustees. Applications from twentj-four institutions 
were presented. From this list the Board selected six, 
among which is distributed conditionally the available 
funds as follows : — to Bucknell University, Lewisburg, 
Pa., £7,000 towards £32,000; to Earlhani College, Rich- 
mond, Ind.. £15,000 towards £80,000; to Furman University, 
Greenville, S.C, £5,000 towards £20,000; to Grinnell Col- 
lege, Grinnell, la., £20,000 towards £100,000; to Smith Col- 
lege, £40,000 towards £200,000; to Southern Methodist 
University, Dallas, Tex., £40,000 towards £200,000. During 
the meeting attention was directed to the fact that since Mr. 
Kockefeller made his first contribution to the Board for the 
promotion of higher education, contributions have been made 



to ninety-one institutions, amounting to £1,525,000 towards 
a total of £7,182,000. Fifty-one institutions to which the- 
Board has made conditional contributions have completed 
the subscriptions for the supplemental sums required, and' 
to these institutions the Board has already paid £700,000 in- 
cash. As a result of the campaigns made by these fifty-one 
institutions, their assets have been increased bj' more than 
£3,800,000. Their student bodies have increased by 2.047, 
183 new Professors have been employed, and the annual 
payment to Professors in these fifty-one institutions has- 
been increased £84,300. 



The Federation of University Women 
and Prized offers a Prize Fellowship, £120, open to 

women that have published original work. 
Apply by February 1. Particulars from the Hon. Secre- 
tary, 36 Russell Square, W.C. 






The Law Society offers five studentships, £40 a j-ear 
each, in July next. Regulations from the Law Society, 
lOo Chancery Lane, W.C. 



* * 
* 



Goldsmiths' Exhibitions tenable at Cambridge are vacant. 
Examination May 1-3. Apply for forms of petition to Sir 
Walter S. Prideaux, Goldsmiths' Hall, E.G., by the end of 
February. 



The Entrance Schelarship Examinations in Classics at 
Girton and Newnham will be held hj the Colleges conjointly,. 
March 19-21. 



M. Henri Bergson, Professor of Philo- 

atl'vaclncTel" ^ophy in the College de France has been 

appointed Gifford Lecturer m Edinburgh. 

University, 1913-15. 



* # 
* 



Lord Haldane has been appointed Chancellor of thfr 
University of Bristol, in succession to the late Mr. H. O. 
Wills. 



* * 



The Master of Trinity (Dr. H. M. Butler) has been 
appointed Romanes Lecturer in Oxford University for 1912. 



Mr. W. Bateson, F.R.S., honorary Fellow of St. John's - 
College, Cambridge, and Director of the John Innes Horti- 
cultural Institution at Merton, Surrey, has been appointed 
Herbert Spencer Lecturer at Oxford for 1912. He will 
deliver the lecture on February 28— '^ Biological Fact and 
the Structui'e of Society." 

* * 
* 

Mr. W. Bateson, M.D., F.R.S., has been appointed Ful- 
lerian Professor of Physiology at the Royal Institution for 
a term of three years. 

Prop T. F. Tout, M.A., of Manchester University, has 
been appointed Ford's Lecturer in English History at Oxford 

for 1912-13. 

# * 
* 

Dr. Alex Hill, formerly Master of Downing College, 
Cambridge, has been appointed Secretary to the Organ- 
vzincr Committee for the Imperial University Congress to be- 



24 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Jan. 1, 1912. 



held in London in July next, in place of the late Dr. R. D. 
Bobeits. 



Me. a. R. Waller, M.A.., Assistant Secretary for the 
past nine years, has been appointed Seci'etary to the 
:Syndics of the Cambridge University Press, in succession 
to Mr. R. T. Wright, who retires after twenty years' service. 
Mr. S. 0. Roberts, Pembroke College, has been appointed 

Assistant Secretary. 

* « 
* 

Dr. W. R. Boyce Gibson, M.A., D.Sc, Lecturer in Philo- 
sophy, Liverpool University, has been appointed Professor 
of Mental and Moral Philosophy in the University of Mel- 
bourne. 

Kingswood School (Bath); Queen's College, Oxford, 188S-9 ; 
Jena, Paris, and Glasgow 189.3-9S. Lecturer in Philosophy in 
Loudon University 1S98-1909 ; E.taminer in Philosophy at Glas- 
gow 1898-1901, at" St. Andrews 1906-9, and at London since 1909. 
Various publications, philosophical and religious. 

* * 

* 

Dk. Henry Bassett, Demonstrator and Assistant Lecturer 
in Chemistry, University of Liverpool, has been appointed 
Professor of Chemistry in University College, Reading, in 
succession to Prof. J. K. H. Inglis, who has been appointed 
Professor of Chemistry in Otago University, New Zealand. 

Applications for the Chair of Mathematics in Edinburgh 
University sliould be lodged with Mr. A. B. Fleming, W.S., 
4 Albyn Place, Edinburgh, by February 8. 

* * 
# 

Mr. J. R. Weaver, M.A., Acting Professor of History in 
Trinity College, has been appointed Erasmus Smith's Pro- 
fessor of Modern History in the University of Dublin. 

» ♦ 

* 

M. Henri Pirenne, Professor of Medieval and Belgian 
History in the University of Ghent, has been appointed 
Chicliele Lecturer in Foreign History at Oxford for 1912. 



A Lecturer in Physics and Applied Mathematics is re- 
quired at Rhodes University College, Grahamstown, C.C., 
South Africa. £300 ; passage money, £4.0. Apply to Mr. 
P. J. Wylie, 9 South Parks Road, Oxford, by January 15. 

# # 
* 

At the London (Royal Free Hospital) School of Medicine 
for Women (University of London), Dr. AValter d'Este 
Emery has been appointed Lecturer in General Pathology, 
and Dr. W. H. B. Stoddart, Lecturer in Mental Pathology. 

* * 

Mr. C. H. Wyatt, Director of Elementary Education, has 
been appointed Director of Education to the Manchester 
Education Committee in succession (so far as concerns the 
Higher Education) to Mr. J. H. Reynolds, M.Sc, retired. 



The Rev. J. L. Phillips, M.A., Classical Master and Chap- 
lain at St. Paul's School, has been appointed Reader of the 
Hon. Society of Gray's Inn. 

Christ College, Brecon : Keble College, Oxford (Scholar). Abbot 
University Scholar; Coplestone Exhibitioner 1900. First Class 
Classical Mods. 1901 ; Second Class Lit. Hum. 1903. St. Paul's 
1905. 

* * 
* 

De. Bernard Hodgson, of Ai-mstrong College, has been 



appointed Assistant Lecturer in Physics in Bristol Univer- 
sity. 

* * 

Mr. P. C. Thompson, B.A., Trinity College, Cambridge, 
has been appointed Assistant Lecturer in Latin at Cardiff 
University College. 

* * 
* 

Mr. Ralph B. Henderson, M.A., Assistant Master, Rugby 
School, has been appointed Head Master of the Strand 
School, King's College, London. 

Bristol School ; New College, Oxford (Open Scholar and Gold- 
sn\iths' Exhibitioner). First Class Mathematical Mods 1899 ; First 
Class Mathematics 1901. King Edward's School, Birmingham. 
Rugby 1902. Author of " The Scaly-winged (Christophers)." 

* * 
* 

A Head Master is required for Carlisle Grammar School. 

£500, with capitation fees. Apply to Mr. H. Studholme 

Cartwell, .34 Lowther Street, Carlisle, by January 6. 



An Assistant Lecturer and Demonstrator in Mechanical 
Engineering is required in the University of Sydney. £250, 
rising to £500 ; £60 travelling expenses. Apply to the 
Agent-General for Xew South Wales, 123 and 125 Cannon 
Street, E.C., by January 10. 

* * 
* 

A Mistress of Method (Honours in Final Examination for 
a degree) is required for Avery Hill Training College for 
Women, Eltham. £180, rising to £250, all found during 
term. Form (from L.C.C. Education Offices) to be leturned 
by January 5. Endorse "H. 4," and enclose stamped ad- 
dressed foolscap envelope. 

* * 
* 

Mb. J. Holland Rose, D.Litt., Christ's College, has been 

elected Reader in Modern History at Cambridge. 



A second edition of the first volume of Prof. 

Literary. Meumann's " Vorlesungen zur Einfiihrnng in 

die Experimentelle Piidagogik — Ihre p.sycho- 

logischeu Grundlagen," revised and enlarged, is announced 

by Wilhelni Engelmann (Leipzig). The second and third 

volumes are in preparation, and may be expected shortly. 



* # 
* 



The Cambridge University Press announce " The Wars of 
Religion in France, 1559-1576," bj' James Westfall Thomp- 
son, Ph.D., Associate Professor of European History in the 
University of Chicago. The work "is based upon a careful 
examination of original sources, and contains a valuable 
appendix of hitherto unpublished documents from the 
archives of Paris and London." 



* * 
# 



Harrow and Eton have combined forces to produce " The 
Groundwork of British History " on a generous scale, with 
an unusually full account of the nineteenth centurj-. The 
authors are Mr. G. T. Warner, Head of the ilodern Side, 
Harrow School, and Mr. C. H. K. Marten, of Eton. ^lessrs. 
Blackie will publish the volume. 



General. 



The L.C.C. Education Committee unani- 
mously adopted a report of the Accommoda- 
tion and Attendance Committee recommending 
that forty should be the maximum number of pupils in the 
senior departments, and forty-eight in the infant department. 



Jan. 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



25 



The scheme is expected to cost some four and a half millions 

for provision of new schools. 

* * 
* 

The Royal Commission on the University of London has 

issued a third Blue Book of evidence. 



The University of Durham lias decided that any graduate 
of Durham professing Christian faith shall be eligible foi- 
the B.D. and D.D. degrees. 

* * 
* 

At the September examination for the National Diploma 
in the Science and Practice of Dairying held by the National 
Agricultural E.xarainatiou Board, lo candidates (out of 33) 
at the English centre, and 20 (out of 42) at the Scottish 
centre, satisfied the examiners. 



THE CANADA EDUCATIONAL COMMISSION. 

SOME OF THEIR EUROPEAN EXPERIENCES. 

The Eo}'al Commissioners on Industrial Training and Tech- 
nical Education having returned to Ottawa to prepare their 
Report, Dr. J. W. Robertson, their Chairman, has outlined to 
the Ottawa Citizen recently the general features of their 
summer's work in Great Britain and on the Continent of 
Europe. The Commission was, of course, received everywhere 
witli the utmost cordiality. We give main points. 

Gexeeal Impressions. 

At present one can only give a few of the more vivid of the 
general impressions received (said Dr. Robertson). First of all 
one thinks of the character of the men who are responsible for 
the organization and administration of the education, and of 
the head masters and other teachers who carry on the class 
work. Courtesy, enthusiasm, and ability of high order were 
always to the front. New buildings and equipment for technical 
instruction are everywhere in evidence. The revival of interest 
in education, or rather the awakening of interest in this newer 
field of education, has brought out much rivalry between the 
difl'erent cities as to which shall have the finest institutions for 
its young people. Nor is the attention and interest wholly or 
even mainly devoted to the material equipment. The effort is 
focused on the boy and on the girl, particularly between the 
ages of fourteen and eighteen. 

Trade preparatory day schools have been started to give boys 
between twelve and fourteen two years of the sort of education 
which, while still general for real culture, gives them practical 
preparation for beginning to learn skilled trades in the various 
factories and shops. Continuation classes with a trade prepar- 
atory side ha\e been begun and are being extended. There are 
e\'ening continuation classes for boys and girls who have begun 
work, with courses having direct relation to the trades and 
skilled occupations in the citj- or locality. These continuation 
classes, commercial classes, technical classes, and art classes have 
become a great feature of the educational effort on behalf of 
most of the children whose attendance at the ordinary school 
ends with their fourteenth year. 

The earnestness of the pupils, their interest in their work, and 
the regularit}' of their attendance, were evidence of their own 
recognition of the value of the education the}' are reoei\ing. 
In the United Kingdom, attendance at these technical schools 
and evening classes is voluntary, whereas, in twenty-one out of 
the twenty-six States in the German Empire, attendance for a 
number of hours per week (from four to eight) is compulsory 
for boys from fourteen to seACnteen. In a few of the States it 
is compulsory also for girls. The employers are required to 
provide opportunities for their employes to attend such classes, 
to be over before 7 o'clock in the evening. 

The United Kingdom. 
Notwithstanding the immense progress and the manifold evi- 
dences of progress in this new field of educational effort in Eng- 



land, Scotland, and Ireland, one seldom hears any laudation by 
the people themselves of what they are doing. The refrain of 
nearly e\'ery conrment on the educational work of England by 
an Englishman is lamentation at its backwardness compared 
with that of Germany. I could not fully, share that feeling after 
being over Germany and other European countries. 

Whatever of backwardness, due to neglect or indifference in the- 
past, may still exist in the United Kingdom— and it still starei- 
at you out of the factory workers and their living quarters in 
the big cities— it appears to me that a most resolute and well 
directed effort has been continued during the last seven or teiL 
years, and that it is only a question of time when the spirit and 
fruits of the present movement will have reached all classes as 
fully as in Germany. Whether the workers and their families 
in England will get as much from the education when it has- 
reached them all is another question. In Germany I was im- 
pressed by the apparent solidarity of the citizenship with re- 
markable absence of restrictions on personal tastes and prefer- 
ences. Education did not seem to be planned or cherished as- 
a means whereby the individual got ahead of other individuals. 
It looks like a great national service whereby all the individuals 
are being trained towards ability for their respective occupa- 
tions in the interest of the State. The personal power and well- 
being of the units of the community are looked after for the 
sake of the State. Elsewhere more emphasis was laid on the 
development of individualism with its tendency to exploit the 
uneducated for profit. 

Germany. 

This is not the time to discuss the s_ystems or methods of Ger- 
man education. That is reserved for our report to the Jilinister 
of Labour; but a few words on some general aspects of it would 
not be an encroachment upon the field of that report, and might 
be useful at the present time. The spirit of sociability and the 
evidence of " feeling at home " by the children in their classes 
and playgrounds impressed me. There was not the shadow of 
an indication that the military or any other system of organiz- 
ation had cowed or curbed the natural spirits and manners of 
the children. The demeanour was that of well-bred, gentle- 
mannered children at ease, inteiested and enthusiastic regarding 
their work. Everywhere thoroughness was not proclaimed but 
was revealed by what was being done. I need not remark upon 
the excellence of the specimens of handwriting in the schools, 
but I would mention the legibility, beauty, and neatness of the 
hand^^'riting I observed in general on envelopes and addresses 
of parcels that came under my notice. 

Singing was taught not merely as a means of voice produc- 
tion or voice culture. It impi-essed me as being rather the 
culture of the whole child — body, mind, and spirit, trained to- 
wards controlled expression. I had not thought it possible 
that singing could be made such an instrument for physical and 
spiritual development. I found the same thing in the Danish 
schools. To excel in music appears to be only a minor part of 
the means, whereas to train towards control of the physical and 
emotional nature and into a feeling rather than an understand- 
ing of solidarity in citizenship were the main objects. 

One of the main aims of the sysstem of education in most of 
the German States seems to be to make for the efficiency of the 
individual as a citizen as well as for effectiveness as a worker. 
Attendance at educational classes of some sort between fourteen 
and seventeen years of age is compulsory, for the sake of tech- 
nical improvement and industrial efficiency no doubt, but also 
for the development of power and a sense of responsibility on 
the citizen as such. Comparing a German city with one in 
England or Canada, one is struck by the absence from the streets 
in the evening of the youth of both sexes standing on street 
corners or wandering aimlessly about. The vocational classes 
for all sorts of workers between the ages of fourteen and seven- 
teen ha\-e evidently gi\en the people generally a liking for, and 
satisfaction from, attending classes after the ordinary elemen- 
tary-school days are over. 

In the technical classes themselves provision is made for all 
classes of workers and practically for three sorts of careers — 
viz. for the hand workers, for the foremen and superintendents, 
and for the leaders and managers. During apprenticeship the 
youths are required to attend classes during several hours per 



26 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Jan. 1, 1912. 



week, ranging usually from four to ten; and emploj'ers are re- 
quired to let their apprentices go at such times that the classes 
.can be over before 7 o'clock in the evening. Many of the lead- 
ing employers let the apprentices go to attend classes during 
jono or two forenoons or afternoons per week. In such cases 
the wages of the apprentices are paid for attendance at the 
.school just as though they were at work in the shop. After 
.apprenticeship is over there are evening technical classes and 
.even Sunday forenoon classes. We are told that when compul- 
sory attendance was first required by GrO\-ernment action there 
was a good deal of hostility on the part of employers and even 
.of the youths themselves. After two years of experience the 
most of tho opposition had disappeared, and now compulsory 
participation in some educational work is accepted as part of the 
civilization. 

Switzerland. 
In visiting an apprentices' class in one of the schools in 
Switzerland, I asked the lads who had attended two years under 
the compulsory regulations to vote whether or not they would 
now attend voluntarih'. Thirty voted they would attend volun- 
tarily, and only one did not vote. I inquired from the teachers 
their opinion as to how many of the pupils would ha^■e come 
voluntarily from the first. 'They thought not more than one- 
third of those in that particular class would have begun without 
the compulsory requirement. At Zurich and Winterthur, also 
in Switzerland, we found real apprentice trade schools. The 
voung men served their apprenticeship under shop conditions 
in those schools, were taught a trade thoroughly, and were able 
to pass the State examination for the completed apprenticeship 
at the end of their course. The course in the engineering trade 
■was four j'ears. Such workmen were esteemed as being so well 
trained that they were in greater demand than apprentices who 
had served in the usual way in shops only. These apprentice 
schools are run under commercial factory conditions, and the 
output is sold at a higher price than the outi^ut of similar fac- 
tories where the work is done by journeymen. 

France. 

In France great attention is paid to drawing and applied art. 
For the gaining of scholarships and admission to the highest 
grade of technical institutions, the examination includes the 
making of some specific article in iron or steel from a drawing 
and specification. A certain length of time is allowed for the 
work, and the hand skill and constructive power of the student 
counts for a good deal in the examination results. That was 
rather a new aspect in the character of examinations. 

Denmark. 

In Denmark I was impressed by the fine appearance of the 
cultivated fields, by the spirit of contentment — but not of apathy 
— that one found among the rural population, b^- the pervasive- 
ness of their patriotism, and the intensity with which they pursue 
co-operation methods in connexion with rural life, particularly 
in the production of butter, in the production of bacon, in the 
collection of eggs, and in the improvement of their cattle and 
pigs. While Denmark is chiefly an agricultural country, we 
found technical schools in the comparatively small t«wns. These 
provided classes especially for those engaged in the building 
trades. 

Physical culture is made much of. The People's High 
Schools, which are peculiar to Denmark, are in a class by them- 
.selves. They consist of a one-year course of five months in the 
.winter for young men between eighteen and twenty-five j^ears of 
age, and a three months' course in summer for young women 
■of tho same ages. They are cultural schools devoting much time 
to history, Danish literature, physical culture and singing; and 
they are one of the prime forces in Danish efficiency in agricul- 
ture and domestic life. 

Ireland. 
Perhaps from no other country wei'e we able to learn as much 
concerning efficiency in organization and in the carrying out of 
methods for the training of the workers as in Ireland and 
Scotl.and respectively. The Municipal Technical Oollogo at Bel- 
fast is a beautiful building and a model of well considered 
suitability for instruction in the principles that underlie the 



various trades, crafts, and occupations followed in that great 
shipbuilding and textile centre. The organization of instruction 
for the rural population in Ireland provides for all classes and 
all localities. Leaders are trained at the Eoj'al Albert Agricul- 
tural College near Dublin. Farm schools with a one year's 
course for practical farming are provided at different centres, 
and a tra-\'elling pastoral instructor, who visits anywhere from 
four to twelve farms and farmers per day, spends his whole 
time in a small area settled anew by small holders under tho 
Congestexl Disti'icts Boards. AVe found such a man in charge of 
some two hundred and fifty " colonists," each having about 
twenty-five acres of land that had formerly been a large grazing 
estate. I was there three years after the first allocation. Jlany 
of the " colonists " had put half of their area under tillage, 
and were growing fine crops of oats, barley, potatoes, and other 
roots. A new spirit of confidence and hopefulness seemed to be 
replacing the old attitude of resentment at conditions in the 
beautiful, lovable, distressful island. 

Scotland. 

From Scotland there is so much to learn that one is embar- 
rassed in seeking for onh' a few examples that may be presented 
in a few words. Edinburgh and Glasgow, with the present 
provision for industrial training and technical education, haxe 
no reason to be ashamed of their effort in the presence of thi' 
best that is being done in Munich, Dresden, or other German 
cities. They were probably twenty years later in getting 
started, but have made up more than five years of tho leeway 
during the last eight years of energetic work. In the smaller 
towns of Scotland provision is made for technical education in 
a manner full of instruction for Canada. Particular instances 
are Dunfermline, Galashiels, and Hawick. The latter has long 
been a garden city before that newer name had been used to 
designate a movement for the more sanitary and beautiful hous- 
ing of tho workers. Among all the places which I visited, I 
think it stands easily first as a textile industrial centre for 
the housing of its workers, well kept appearance of its streets, 
and the everywhere abundant flower gardens, with thi'ongs of 
children playing on the grass. 

Home to Canada. 

As I have already indicated, an outstanding feature of recent 
activity in Europe is tho attention given to vocational education, 
the provision made for industrial training and technical educa- 
tion, and tho response which the effort of the leaders and the 
enactments by the governments is receiving from the young 
people themselves, from thoir parents, and from employers. The 
last ten years have seen more done in that direction in Great 
Britain than the previous flfty. Canada will have to do much in 
the near future, and do it with reasonable energy and speed 
to keep. from being left still further behind. 

One comes back to Canada not onl,y without any abatement of 
affection and admiration for her people and her institutions, but 
with rene\\'ed appreciation of the fine outlook here for all who 
are able and willing to work honestly and with goodwill. Our 
systems of education have raised the general intelligence of the 
people to a le^el which compares favourably with that of other 
countries. That determines the kind and extent of industrial 
training and technical education which can be acquired. The 
present situation not only calls for a great forward mo\emcnt, 
but it contains in the population and existing institutions all 
tho elements which are necessary for making that immediately 
practicable and fruitful of satisfactory results. 



INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION: AN AMERICAN VIEW. 

By Don E. Mowey, Madison, A\"is. 

[Prom Education (Boston).] 

To those of us who have given the subject of industrial edu- 
cation serious thought it is clear in our minds that one of the 
most potent factors in causing unemployment is the lack of 
educational facilities, indu,strial as well as academic. Theodore 
Eoosevelt in his visit to Milwaukee last September [1010], ox- 



Jan. 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMKS. 



27 



pressed himself as highly pleased with the showing which ^lil- 
waukee is making with her trade schools for girls and boys. 
This is just the beginning, he said, of a movement that is 
bound to make for a better citizenship, ililwaukee is one of 
the first cities of the United States to maintain at public e.\pense 
schools for industrial education. 

Modern industrial conditions seem to have little or no ten- 
dency to produce intelligent workmen. Workmen are no longer 
receiving that thorough training formerly obtained under the 
now e-xtinct system of apprenticeship. The all-important con- 
sideration seems to be: How can the ^-reatest amount of money 
be earned from the very beginning of one's career ? For this 
reason, the young men are apt to consider the present, rel3nng 
upon the future for future needs. Even among the so-called 
better classes there is, generally speaking, no desire to perfect 
oneself in industrial pursuits. Opportunities that are offered 
for industrial training are under private control, for the mo.st 
part, in the United States. The State has taken no important 
steps to provide for such education. The sphere of the State 
has been too narrow — it has confined itself to the academic 
field entirely. 

This may be due to the fact that the working men have been 
contemplated as producers — placed upon the level with the per- 
fected machine. A broader education has not been deemed an 
essential element in our industrial prosperity.* The traditional 
balance between learning and labour has been completely 
usurped by learning. Factories, and the rapid change which 
has been wrought in the industrial field, have changed our life. 
These conditions -seem to have failed to attract the attention 
of our educators. Slight efforts have been made to repair the 
gap between the lost home training and the business world. 
True it is that several Universities, through their coi-respon- 
dence departments, are now making rapid strides in the right 
direction. Factories are being induced to allow the workmen 
to receive technical education during the regular work day. 
Many private courses are given in industrial branches by cor- 
respondence schools. Nevertheless, the present system, if it 
can be called a system, is not complete or thorough. 

Those who really fear that industrial instruction Avill lead us 
to a misconception of the advantage? of the division of labour, 
appear to live in the exercise of a very artless and simple faith 
in the power of society to set aside at plea.sure the laws of 
.economic development. While man has made some progress 
ill the control of Nature's laws, he has hardly made a begin- 
iiiug in the control of economic laws, whose governing power 
is in proportion to their immovability. So jnuch more un- 
founded is the fear of a misconception of the utilit_y of the 
division of labour as one of the most efficacious of economic 
laws. Division of labour is not now an hj'pothetical expression ; 
it is a power which, like a power of Nature, gains recognition. 
The division of labour has swept away feudalism and called 
ci\'il society into life. It is a power which will bring civil 
society in its turn to the grave and will create a new society 
based upon organized manufacturing principles. 

" Would it not be a meritorious work to instruct our youth 
in the construction of whole articles, and thus overcome the 
stupcf3'ing influences of the division of labour, whose advan- 
tages our present ci^-ilization cannot and will not dispense with? 
Does not wisdom, as well as duty, command us to give those 
thousands wdio may be condemned to spend their lives in the 
tread-mill course on a simple, or, perhaps, upon a single spirit- 
less operation, an insight into the attractive, satisfying, and 
educative side of labour ? "f 

The lack of skill among the wage earners is largely caused 
by the fact that skill has, apparentl}', no permanent value, no 
dignity, no appreciable approbation. The skill acquired after 
years of work may be rendered useless as a means of earning a 
living by the introduction of machinery. The mind and the 
muscles of the woi-kman have been trained in one given direc- 
tion, and this training renders him less fit for the operation 
of the machine — and for any other occupation. 



* The Report of the Commission on Industrial and Technical Edu- 
-cation (Mass.) gives the foreign status of industrial education, 
t R. Seidel. •' Ind;istrial Instruction," page 39. 



The plain men, labour reformers, who study the industrial 
situation and its evolutionary processes, foresaw that adapta- 
bility and availability were worth more than skilled ability. 
They were among the very first to advocate and demand schools 
of technology. Schools, then, were to be placed in resistance 
to the demoralizing influence of the rapidly defaying industrial 
and social system. Schools were to be made an aid in the direc- 
tion of enlightened citizenship. 

The educational opposition to industrial education is based 
upon the purely technical character of such education. Never- 
theless, industrial education is not opposed to general education. 
It is a means of securing better general education. If the 
United States were as well supplied with industrial schools as 
some parts of Germany, and if they were as well attended, there 
would be in the United States more young people of high-school 
age under industrial instruction than there are now under aca- 
demic instruction. Boston, for example, would have more than 
four thousand instead of about nine hundred students in her 
Mechanics Arts High School and in the Free Evening Industrial 
Drawing schools.* 

It is partially true that present exjieriments in industrial 
education have been essentially economic in their nature and 
limited to very narrow grooves in which education has played 
but an insignificant part. But a second and much higher form 
of industrial education is being advocated at the j^resent time 
by those who seek for the aim of this education (1) perfecti- 
bility in manual skill, (2) a wider range of intelligence for 
the working man, and (3) a better citizenship. With these ideas 
as a working basis, there can be little question but that indus- 
trial education will assume a higher sphere of activity. We are 
lacking, under our present educational system, that general 
industrial education which should lead up to our present incom- 
plete system of technical education. Upon such a framework 
depends, in an important measure, our advancement. The more 
strictly industrial schools of to-day are managed by private 
institutions. They are not cosmopolitan even in character, al- 
though they are run upon a basis which is far more practical 
than the German system. It is quite necessary for us to get 
away from the strictly pedagogical lines of endeavour and adopt 
a State policy that will embrace academic and industrial (rain- 
ing jointly. The elements of industrial training, agriculture, 
domestic and mechanical sciences should be taught in the public 
schools. In addition to this elementary teaching, distinctive 
industrial schools, housed in separate buildings, should be estab- 
lished. 

This is all the more necessary when we consider that the 
majority of children in the United States remain in our public 
schools only fi^-e years.f It is evident that skill, requisite for 
competent "industrial employment, cannot be acquired during 
these years of youthful development. The employers, \yith 
but few exceptions, pro\ide no system of technical education.^ 
The " system of apprenticeship " is a misnomer. The " helper " 
must help himself. The older employes are jealous of the new- 
comer, and consequently place barriers in his way, or lend him 
as littrle aid as possible. In various trades different^ lengths 
of time are said to be required to " learn the trade," but in 
nearlv all cases the particular trade could be learned in half of 
the tune if the proper means of enlightenment were provided. 
Education should overcome the barriers of secrecy and seclu- 
sion. Without this industrial education a greater and greater 
number of men will be found without skill; and a larger num- 
ber of men will grow old in a particular trade without ambition 
and without security. Young men are seeking employment in 
the warehouses and" in the oftices. They do not seek work m 
productive industrv. This may be due to the fact that no public 
supervision is provided for even a partial education in the in- 
dustrial arts and sciences. J The sharper competition which 



* J. Millar, "Technical Education," page o. 

+ The Report of the Connnission to investigate industrial and teclinical 
education in Mass. show.s that 33 per cent, of all children of that state 
who be^rin work between the ages, 14-16, are employed m uiLskilled 
industries, and 65 per cent, m low grade industries (page 31). 

+ W. Smith, before the House and Senate of Pennsylvania, February 
15, 1877, imge 31. 



28 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Jan. 1, 1912. 



wo must inevitably face demands that industrial knowledge 
must be provided if we are to maintain our industrial frame- 
work. 

The emploj-er who insists on employing children should be 
compelled to provide part-time day classes for those between 
the ages of fourteen and eighteen years. These youthful 
labourers should not be allowed to " work themselves up " with- 
out substantial advantages. And at the same time an effective 
check should be placed upon those employers whoso only salva- 
tion seems to be in keeping men and children from learning 
a trade. The growing division of farm labour, and the increas- 
ing complexities resulting therefrom, require and demand better 
educational facilities. We have no means, outside of our State 
and private agricultural colleges and our incomplete country 
training schools, for instructing the farmer in scientific farm- 
ing. Few attempts are made to give agricultural instruction in 
tho high schools for that matter. The children of the poor, and 
this class includes the immigrants as well, should be the first 
to receive attention. To-day they are among the last to be 
given instruction. The best help for such as these is self-help 
—and this will never be possible under a system of pauperizing 
charity. The workman has no incentive — no ambition to seek 
other avenues of employment. Life is a grind. Industrial 
education, it would seem, can provide this incentive. Hon. 
Carroll D. Wright said a number of years ago that there was 
a constant decrease in the number of labourers who seemed 
destined to remain at the bottom; but this decrease, with the 
changing conditions, seemed hardly perceptible. 

Industrial education is, however, a problem of and for the 
community as a whole. It is in the cities, especially, that 
we find the illiteracy and the lack of skill in a particular trade. 
And it is among the immigrants that the evil is most apparent. 
A recent report of the Western Passenger Association shows that 
fully 50 per cent, of all immigrants locate in our larger cities. 
If the immigrants are to be allowed to come in such numbers 
it is quite certain that we must provide means for decreasing 
the number of unskilled workmen in the next generation.* 
The immigrant is unfit physically, financially, and in many 
other ways, in most instances, to take up farming. 

In speaking of his visit to Milwaukee, Theodore Roosevelt 
said: — " As soon as I was asked by the Press Club to come to 
Milwaukee, I made up my mind that there was one thing I was 
going to see, and that was your system of trade schools. I 
feel that it is important, from the standpoint of our common 
citizenship, that each man should be able to do a little more 
than pull his own weight in the w-orld. It is, of course, of liter- 
ally vital consequence to have him trained so that he begins 
early to pull that weight effectively, instead of leaving him to 
be trained haphazard, so that he learns to pull his weight three 
or four years later, and not so well. That is what this school 
is doing. I feel that it is of the utmost consequence to the 
boy in his profession in after life. I do not have to ask about 
that. It is shown by the fact that I have met man after man 
who, although he is past the age when he gets his tuition free, 
comes back here to pay to learn it; because he has found out 
that he does not learn by himself so well as he can be taught 
here under the circumstances under which this school is carried 
on. I feel that is of enormous importance. And I believe 
anotlier thing. I believe that a by-product of your work here is 
good citizenship. I believe that each graduate, each man who 
as a boy has worked here, is more apt to turn out a good citi- 
zen; able to do his part with his fellows in the country, to make 
it a better place for all of us to live in." 

Industrial education in the United States must be given more 
serious consideration by our educators if we are to produce a 
better citizenship; and this, together with the economic con- 
siderations, which should not be overlooked, will cause us, I am 
sure, to give this important educational subject more and more 
studied attention. 



* P. F. Hall, in his " Immigration " (page 6), shows that the average 
of illiteracy among foreignerH is about 25 per cent. The percentage of 
unskilled i.s a little higher. He predicts (page 9) that if the present 
average holds to the end of the present decade the number of immigrants 
from 1901 will be nearly eight millions, while the former decade showed 
less than four millions. 



THE COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS. 



MEETING OF THE COUNCIL 

A MEI^TIXG of the Council was held at the College, Bloomsbury 
Square, on December 16. Present : Sir Philip Magnus, Presi- 
dent, in the chair ; Prof. Adam,son, Dr. Armitage Smith. Mr. 
Bain, Mr. Barlet, Rev. J. B. Blomfield, Mr. E. A. Butler', Mr. 
Charles, iliss Crookshank, Miss Daw-es, Mrs. Felkin, Jlr. Hawe, 
Mr. Kelland, Mr. Millar Inglis, Dr. Moody, Mr. Pendlebury. 
Mr. Rushbrooke, Rev. Dr. Scott, Dr. Sibly, iMi-. Starbuck, and 
Mr. Storr. 

The Secretary reported that the Christmas Certificate and 
Lower Forms Examinations had been held at 107 Centres in the 
L^nited Kingdom and at 33 Colonial Centres. The total numl.ier 
of candidates was about 5,200. 

The Diploma of Licentiate was granted to Mr. T. S. liarnes: 
and Mr. W. J. J. Cxossling, who had satisfied all the required 
conditions. 

Mr. Millar Inglis, one of the representatives of the College 
on the Federal Council, submitted a report of the proceedings at 
the last meeting of the Council. 

A Report from the Joint Conference of the Private School- 
Association, the Teachers' Guild and the College of Preceptors 
was considered, and the Council unanimously adopted the fol- 
lowing resolutions: — 

(1) " That both on general grounds and in the special 
interests of educational experiment it is desirable that 
efficient Private Schools should be preserved." 

(2) " That, in order that Private Schools may fulfil their 
function in our Educational system, it is essential that the 
independence of those schools which do not desire Recog- 
nition bj' the Board of Education or by Local Authorities 
should be safeguarded." 

(3) " That (i) Scholarships awarded by any Local 
Authorities should be open to pupils educated in Private 
Schools, and (ii) that, subject to the approval of the Local 
Authority, successful candidates from Priv.ate Schools 
should be allowed to hold their scholarships at Private 
Schools." 

(■4) " That the general standard of efficiency required 
from Private Schools should not be lower than that which 
is required from schools publicly aided or maintained; but 
that it is unreasonable to demand in every case from Pri- 
vate Schools the same structural advantages and equipment 
as are expected from schools in respect of which public 
funds are available to meet capital and other forms of 
expenditure." 
It was further resoh ed that copies of the resolutions should be 
sent to the Board of Education and to Local Education Authori- 
ties. 

It was resolved that in future issues of the List of Members 
of the College a distinguishing mark should be attached to tho 
names of those who are receiving certain privileges in accord- 
ance with Section ll, clause 5, of the By-Laws. 

The following persons were elected members of the College: — 

Mr. P. F. Adams, L.C.P., F.C.S., 81 Rock Avenue, Gillingham, 

Kent. 
Miss M. Hiddleston, A.C.P., 154 NecheUs Park Road, Birmingham. 
Jlr. E. Lucas, A.C.P., '20 Mary Road, Stechford. Birmingham. 
Miss I. L. Owen, A.C.P., Leigh, Dorset. 
Mr. D. Willott, B.Sc. Lond., L.C.P., Nutcombe, Cumnor Road,. 

Sutton. Surrey. 

The following books had been presented to the Library since- 
the last meeting of the Council : — 

By the ArTHOR.— Bevan's Wits and their Humours. 

By tlie AciKXT-GEXEEAL FOR NEW SouTU WALES.— Oflicial Yearbook ot New 
South Wales, 1909-10. 

By the City and Guilds of London iNSXiTtJXB.— Report on the Work of the 
Department of Technology, 1910-11. 

By A. k C. Black.— Bonacina's Climatic Control ; Hoskyn's Pictui-es ot British 
History ; Kirkman's Pelits Contes Populaires. 

Hy W. B. Clive.- Welton and Monahan's Intermediate Logic. 

By Macmillan & Co.— Dalton's Latin Translation for Public School Scholar- 
ships. 

By RiviNOTONs.— Robinson's Story of England, Part III. 

Calendai of Durham University. 

Calendar of the National University of Ireland. 



Jan. ], 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



29 



NATIONAL EDUCATION. 
THE NEED FOR EEFOEM. 

Sir Johx E. Goest circulatc-d to the Press the following 
letter (November 26): — 

I.s not the present moment opportune for taking stock of our 
national pro\-ision for the education of the people of the United 
Kingdom ? 

"We are spending millions out of the Consolidated Fund, and 
extracting millions out of the pockets of the rate-payers in the 
provinces, to be spent on what is called "education." The 
majority of those who care for the welfare of the people, and 
are experts in education, are of opinion that the greater part 
<jf this money is, under the present system, wasted, and miglit 
;is well, so far as education is concerned, be thrown into the 
■sea. Physical growth of the children of the nation is, except 
in the more ad\-anced of our great cities, insufficiently pro\aded 
Tor; children are medically inspected and their ailments and 
<.lefect.s officially noted and recorded. The terrible condition of 
the children of the poor and of some of the rich has been there- 
by revealed in the recent official report of Sir George Newman, 
the Chief Medical Officer of the Board of Education. Eemedial 
measures, however urgently needed, are not compulsory by law, 
and in many cities and most counties are neglected. A starved 
;ind stunted race is at the present moment being allowed to grow 
up as a legacy to the next generation to deal with. In most 
olementary schools children are only drilled, not educated. The 
pernicious system of " payment for results " practised by the 
Education Department up to 1895 still leavens the instruction 
•J•i^■en. Originality of teacher and scholar is sternly repressed. 
The new methods of self-education by work first and books 
afterwards, introduced into the schools of Bavaria and spreading 
all over Germany and elsewhere, is only partially known in 
British and Irish schools. It is generally confined to" the kinder- 
garten instruction of infants; its extension would imperil "the 
grant." 

The higher or secondary- schools and the Universities are .still 

fettered by medieval systems, which make the acquisition of 

learning, to be produced at examinations, the main work of 

students. We do not educate our scholars and students, nor da 

we permit them by independent research to educate themseh^es; 

vve only prepare them for examination. There are, it is true, 

isolated teachers, both men and wome-n, in the elementary and 

econdary schools and at the Uiuversities who have struggled 

shako off the incubus of centuries of custom, and have shown 

by brilliant example what education really should be. They 

o.re the exceptions from whose successful experiments a better 

national system might be allowed, in the absence of official 

uterference, to create itself. We have, at the present moment, 

: new Education llinister untrammelled by any commitments in 

he past ; we have Local Authorities everywhere, most of whom 

are far more fit than any Central Department to spend wisely 

and effectively the money voted by Parliament and provided by 

rates. The time is thus ripe for a drastic revolution in the 

red-tape methods by which education is tied and bound, and the 

tyranny of the Board of Education over Local Authorities could 

now be relaxed or altogether removed. The spending of the 

national funds in real education, with restrictions only to secure 

honesty of administration, would pro\-ide the next "generation 

witli a body of youths and maidens fit citizens of our'countrv. 



THE FUTURE OF NAAS. 

It was only last spring that a new director was appointed at 
Naas, and now the office is again vacant. Three appointments in 
four years show plainly that tlie institution needs to be put on 
another footing. It may be interesting to give a brief account 
oE the circumstances, as set forth in Stucltholms Daghlad and 
Giitehorgs Ilanrlehtidninq. 

"When the State in Sweden decided to accept August Abraham- 
son's bequest of his estate at Najis, with a capital sum of £21,000, 
the first step, in accordance with the will, was to appoint a body 
of five trustees. Tb'o of these were to be men connected with 
agriculture, and the rest men in prominent positions. Their- fir.st 
l^isiness was.nf course. to appoiiita director; but asno a|)plicatioii 



reached them which they felt able to entertain, they have been 
compelled to appoint ad interim directors, who should be respon- 
sible for the courses-in the hope, it would seem, tliat one or 
other of these would so warm to his work that they, on the one 
hand, would feel justified in making him permanent director, and 
he, on the other, would be willing to accept the post. When this 
hope, time after time, was disajipointed, the trustees resigned in 
a body, that others might have an opportunity of succeeding 
where they had failed. But the King refused to accept the 
resignations, and so a deadlock arises. 

It is difficult, amid the guarded language of the public 
announcements, to see where the shoe pinches most. Some 
blame the trustees ; but apparently without cause, for they have 
taken good care of the resources of the institution; and the 
number of students has risen from 389 in 1907 to 427 in 1911. 
Others think there is a real source of difficulty in the way the 
will ties the hands of the trustees and the government in the 
appointment of a director, so that it may be necessary to seek 
authority to vary its provisions and make them more workable. 
It would seem, too, that the means of the institution are insuffi- 
cient for the proper payment of a diiector and for providing a 
1 etiring pension, more especially as the repair and upkeep of the 
Castle must, by the will, be a first charge on the income of the 
estate. 

There is therefore some prospect that, instead of appointing 
temporary directors in the hope that one of them will develop a 
jiersouality which will fix the form of the work at Naiis in the 
immediate future,- the trustees will call in some help from 
without for the consideration of the whole problem, and them- 
selves determine on what lines the institution shall proceed in 
time to come, and what extra means will be necessary for the 
effective carrying out of their plans. The question had already 
occupied the attention of the late Conservative Government, in 
which Herr Liudstrom was Minister for Church and School ; and 
he, it is understood, is, bj' desire of the present Government, 
putting himself at the disposal of the trustees. 

J. S. Thornton. 



REVIEWS. 

Elemextaky School Pkoblems. 
Prohhms of the Elementary School. By Arthur C. Perry, Ph.D. 
5s. net. Appleton. 
It is not often that we get a book from an American head- 
master of an elementary school. Dr. Perr^' is proud of his 
school, though it is known in the unemotional American way 
merely by a number, and, what is more, he has been able to 
inspire his old pupils with his own enthusiasm. His alumni 
(which apjjears to be American for " old boy ") write as enthu- 
siastically about " dear old ' eighty-five ' " as Bernard Shaw'.s 
chaufieur speaks of Sherbrooke Eoad. The book is a very curious 
one. The first part is made up of three chapters dealing with 
problems of organization ; the Organic Structure, the Curricu- 
lum, and Moral Training. These are treated after the usual 
manner of the intelligent American teacher who has not only 
read but travelled. He does not concern himself with English 
education, but in dealing with the French and German systems 
he makes a very illuminating observation. He points out that 
while the reformers in these countries are clamouring for the 
EInlieiisschide — one school for all — the Americans '" have the 
Eiiiheitsschide, and are beginning to awaken to a realization of 
its inadequac3- and imperfections." He is quite loj'al to demo- 
cracy, but he feels that it is wrong to have the same sort of 
school for everybodv, inasmuch as, though there ought to be no 
social caste, there always will be a natural caste. He maintains 
that only 10 per cent, of those who are educated in the ele 
inentarj' schools pass on to the secondary, and of these ten only 
one passes on to the ITniversit3'. Yet the influence of the Univer- 
sity presses all the way down the educational system, and causes 
the elementary education to have a bias that is in favour of the 
10 per cent, at the expense of the ninety. In his characteristic 
way he demands that " the child who is scheduled for six or 
eight years of schooling, and then an immediate entrance into 
vocational life, shall be given an education that shall be his, and 
not the education that belongs to the child who has before him 
a University career and the preparation therefor." He defends 
his use of the word "scheduled" here. In theory the American 
child must he allowed to schedule hiras^elf, but Dr. Perry claims 
that he is workinir with the actual conditions. He criticizes 



80 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



("Jan. 1, 1912. 



and improves upon Huxley's educational ladder from the gutter 
to the University, and works out his views by the help of two 
very ingenious diagrams of various ladders. The whole of this 
chapter will be found by the English reader to be ver}' instructive 
and suggestive. The rest of Parti is more ordinary — good solid 
work, but not out of the common. 

In Part II we suddenly tind ourselves in a new atmosphere. 
We are taken into the author's confidence with regard to a great 
many of the devices — we had almost written " tips " — of the 
schoolroom. No practical teacher can read Chapters IV-VII 
without finding something worthy of liis attention. In many 
cases the suggestions are so individual that they can be of value 
only to teachers of Dr. Perry's special type. But there are many 
of the others that are of a distinctly general character, and these, 
with certain modifications, may be applied in any school. This 
applies particularly to the sections on English and Arithmetic. 
The section on the Use of the Blackboard is illustrated by dia- 
grams in colour. The severely practical teacher cannot fail to 
get great satisfaction from this middle part of the book. 

A short chapter on the School Museum breaks the suddenness 
of the change into Chapter Vill, on the Alumni. Here we are 
indeed admitted into the secrets of the prison house. Dr. Perry 
tells us that he carefully avoided exposing his methods to his 
old boys, but he has no scruples in expounding them to his 
fellow teachers. " Eighty-five " appears to have an attendance 
of about a thousand, and yet every pupil who leaves it gets 
a personal communication from the head master once a year for 
four years. To these communications he gets, in most cases, 
enthusiastic answers, so that he keeps in touch with all his old 
pupils, and in this way establishes an excellent relation with 
them, and by means of this relation is able to exercise over liis 
present pupils a considerable amount of iufiuence that would not 
otherwise be available. It would not be quite fair to give away 
his plan of operations. It is worth a teacher's while to read for 
himself. 

The last chapter supplies us with another quick change. 
This time we are in the midst of a very delicate subject, as 
will be guessed from the title: The Care of Adolescent Girls. 
Into this matter we cannot, of course, enter here. It is enough 
to say that Dr. Perry has here had the co-operation of certain 
experienced and very capable lady teachers, and is able to show 
how he won the confidence and support of the parents in his 
efforts to ameliorate unsatisfactory conditions. It will be 
gathered that the book is not a whole, but rather a group of 
more or less independent essays by the intrinsic merits of which 
the volume must stand or fall. 



(1) 



History of Educition. 
A Ilisfory of Education during the Middle Ages and the 
Transition to Modern Times. By Prank Pierrepont Graves, 
Ph.D., Professor of the History and Philosophy of Educa- 
tion in the Ohio State University. 5s. net. Macmillan. 
(2) The Beginnings of the Teaching of Modern Subjects in. 
England. By Poster Watson, M.A., Professor of Education 
in the University College of Wales, Aberystwyth. 7s. 6d. 
net. Pitman. 
(1) This book is divided into two parts: the history of the 
Middle Ages, and what is entitled " The Transition to Modern 
Times." The former consists of 105 pages divided into eleven 
chaptei-s, and the latter of nine chapters and 223 pages. The 
account runs on to the eighteenth century. It will thus be seen 
that the book is not so much a " History of Education during 
the Middle Ages " as it is of the later period. The whole treat- 
ment is very general. This being understood, the work is an 
admirable short statement of the course of the history of educa- 
tion. The short account of the Middle Ages is distinctly in- 
teresting and well informed. The Middle Ages are treated as a 
period of assimilation and as a period of repression. Monasti- 
cism is described and its educational significance shown. 
Charlemagne's " Revival of Education " has a chapter devoted 
to it. The educational advance of King Alfred's reign is stated. 
The author then gives an account of Mohammedan learning and 
education, and turns to the educational tendencies of mysticism 
and scholasticism. Tlie education afforded by feudalism and 
chivalry is then discussed and credit given to the educational 
work of the Friars. The further topics are the Medieval Uni- 
versities, the development of cities .and new schools. A final 
chapter describes the passing of the Middle Ages marked by 
the growth of the national spirit, the development of vernacular 
literature. The second part contains chapters on the following 



subjects : The Renaissance and Humanistic Education, Human- 
istic Education in Italy, Humanistic Education of the North, 
Educational Influences of the Protestants, the Education of the 
Catholics, the Beginnings of Realistic Education, Sense Realism 
in Education, Educational Influences of Puritanism, Pietism 
and Rationalism, with a final chapter on the progress before 
modern times. For an introductory sketch of educatiouiil 
history the book has considerable merit. The author is well 
read and up to date. There is an excellent apparatus of 
authorities quoted supplied both at the foot of the page and at 
the end of each chapter. The author recognizes the distinction 
of contemporai-y " sources " of information and later " autho- 
rities," and gives well chosen indications of both. The mar- 
ginal comments serve as direction posts, and the book is suitably 
finished off with a good index. It is a decidedly serviceable 
book. 

(2) It is not easy to keep pace with the indefatigable pen of Prof. 
Foster Watson. In this compact and substantial volume he sets 
forth the essential facts and circumstances relating to the intro- 
duction of "modern" subjects into English education — the 
historical facts in connexion with the social forces that brought 
the subjects into the educational curriculum. A very interest- 
ing introductory chapter sketches the genei-al movements leading 
to the inclusion of these subjects — the adaptation of the school to 
its environment. Then t,he author deals with particular subjects 
in separate chapters : Englisli (1519-1655), Histor3% Geography 
(to 1660), Drawing and Calligraphy, Physic and N^atural History, 
Experimental Natural Philosoph}-, Mathematics, Arithmetic, 
Geometry, Astrononi}-, and Modern Languages (French, Italian, 
Spanish, German, and Dutch, Polyglottism). The final chapter 
reviews the outstanding triumph of the English language in 
school and general education at the end of the seventeenth 
century. Prof. Watson has endeavoured to fix precisely the date.^ 
and places of the earliest inclusions by reference to Statutes and 
Orders prescribing school curricula and to such other authorities 
as are available ; and he gives instructive bibliographical detail^- 
as to the earliest text-books in so far as they afford important 
indications of aims and methods. The facts are illuminated by 
a careful presentation of the social conditions affecting them. 
" The more deeply we study the interrelations," says Prof. 
Watson, " the more we I'ealize that the ' school ' in the sixteenth 
and seventeenth centuries (taking the term to include all educa- 
tional institutions, public and private, preparing for the active 
duties of life) was not only related to the course of national life, 
as it always must be, explicitly or implicitly, bnt that in these 
centuries important active elements in the community eagerly 
sought and intelligently followed up into practical effort the 
educative suggestions and implications received from the most 
progressive national and social forces of the age." The volume 
is very comprehensive and instructive, and it is built upon the 
most industrious research. So far as we are aware, there is no 
other work covering the same ground. 

Analytical Geometry. 
Elements of Analytical Geometry. By George A. Gibson, M.A., 

LL.D., and P. Pinkerton, M.A,, D.Sc. 7s. 6d. Macmillan. 

Until quite recently the author of a text-book on elementary 
analytical geometry usually called his work one on conic sections, 
and confined himself to a discussion of loci represented by first 
and second degree algebraic equations only. The idea is now, 
however, gaining ground that there is great value in adopting a 
broader basis of treatment than heretofore, and in writing (even 
for the beginner) of analytical geometry with reference to curves 
generally, limiting the consideration of the subject more par- 
ticularly, but not always exclusively, to its application to two- 
dimensional space and to problems dealing with the plane only. 
In the present volume, Dr. Gibson and Dr. Pinkerton refrain 
entirely from the introductio)i of solid geometry, but give an ex- 
cellent elementary treatment of the principles of analysis in its 
relation to the geometry of the plane. Their work is marked, 
also, to a greater extent than the general text-book by the com- 
bination of pure with analytical geometry, and we believe that 
the authors are right in refusing to draw so sharp a distinction 
as to consign to separate treatises propositions wiiicli on the 
one hand are best treated by jrare geometry, and those which 
on the other can be more satisfactorily discussed by means 
of analysis. The work divides itself naturally into three main 
sections. The first of these embraces Chapters I to IX, and, 
as we are told in the interesting preface, the aim of this 
portion is, principally, to make the reader thoroughly familiar 



Jan. 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



31 



with first principles, and with the formula- requii-ed at 
every stage in tlie discussion of the subject as a whole. 
Among them, for example, are" Section, Distance, and Gradient 
Formula;." In these chapters the straight line, the circle, the 
principles of harmonic section, and the properties of coaxal 
circles, are all viewed from the standpoint of analysis ; but they 
are studied more on account of their value as simple means of 
illustrating general principles than with regard to the intrinsic 
worth of the sum total of the geometrical results obtained. 
'I'hej' serve more especially to reveal to the reader the geometrical 
background which is ever present, even while analysis forms the 
leading subject of the mental pictnre. The last chapter of this 
section of the work carries the student forward on the road of 
geometrical research by introducing him to the study of the con- 
choid, the cissoid, and the witch, for by the aid of one or other of 
these curves famous problems in geometry — the trisection of the 
angle and the duplication of the cube — become possible, whereas 
the straight line and circle methods of purely Euclidean geo- 
metry failed entirely to solve them. 

Up to this point the reader has been occupied with the general 
problem : Given a geometrical locus, to discuss it analytically. 
'I'he second main division of the treatise is devoted to the con- 
verse problem, and embraces Chapters X to XVII. Here the stu- 
dent learns to consider the geometrical forms of loci represented 
by algebraical equations, more than usnal prominence being, 
perhaps, accorded to the method of successive approximations. 
The writers, throughout the whole course of instruction, make 
great use of what they, following the lead of Prof. Chrystal, call 
the " freedom equations " to any curve, in contradistinction to 
the ordinary or " constraint equation " to the locus. For the 
benefit of any to whom the nomenclature may be unfamiliar, it 
may be stated that the former term is aptly applied to the set of 
equations by means of which the co-ordinates of any point on a 
locus are severally expressed as functions of a single parameter, 
whilst the latter denotes the equation in which the co-ordinates 
occur respectively as independent and dependent variables. 

Chapter XVIII and the following six chapters constitute the 
third leading division of the work, and are devoted to the dis- 
cussion of the various conic sections, free use being made of the 
methods of what we usually terra geometrical conies, as well as 
of those of analytical conies. In the present book a brief explana- 
tion of polar co-ordinates is given, but the .system is little 
employed here by the writers. Very many examples are fully 
worked to illustrate the principles discussed, aTid many more 
problems in the form of exercises naturally find room in the 
volume, and give opportunities for independent solutions by the 
individual student. The new text-book puts forward a thor- 
oughly justifiable claim for a worthy place amongst standard 
ma.nuals on the subject. 



GENERAL NOTICES. 



LATIN. 

Selection from the Lntin Literature of the Earhi Entpire, Edited by 
A. C. B. Brown, M.A., Fereday Fellow of St. John's College, Oxford, 
Assistant Master at Marlborough College. Part A, Inner Life ; 
Part B, Outer Life. 2s. 6d. each part ; complete, 4s. 6d. 
Clarendon Press. 
Though this volume is primarily designed to serve as a handbook for 
the Oxford Local Examinations, it ought to iind a very much wider 
acceptance. Part A illustrates the Inner Life of the Romans of the 
Early Empire by passages presenting various phases of politics, educa- 
tion, literature, and philosophy ; while Part B similarly illustrates the 
Outer Life — social types, social incidents, town and country. The scope 
of the notes is expressly limited to explanation of the subject-matter. 
There are two maps — Central and Southern Italy, and Rome under the 
Early Empire. The book adds somewhat to the variety of School read- 
ings in Latin, and, as the passages are grouped according to subjects, 
it presents a tolerably coherent picture of important aspects of Roman 
life. A good idea most carefully and capably realized. 

Bell's Simplified Latin Classics. — (1) Caesar's Inrasions of Britain^ 
[2] Livt/s Kings of Rome ; (3) Simple Selections from Cieero's Letters ; 
(4) Caesar's Fifth Campaign (from " De BeUo Gallico," Book Vj. 
Edited by S. E. Winbolt, M.A., Assistant Master at Christ's Hos- 
pital, Horsham. Is. 6d. each. Bell. 
These are the first four volumes of a new series intended for use in a 
puj)irs second, or possibly third, year of Latin, and designed in accord- 
ance with the published opinion of the Classical Association's Curriculum 
Committee. The idea is " to present .an interesting portion of a Latin 



author, selected, shortened, and simplified, both in vocabulary and con- 
struction, so as to be within the pupil's powers ; to secuie the interest 
which must belong to a continuous naiTative : and also to retain jun 
enough genuine etfort." The texts appear to satisfy the conditions; 
and, if Mr. Winbolt rather leans to the side of simplicity, he will prob- 
ably take his pupils along the more easily and rapidly. The text is fol- 
lowed by exercises, index of proper names, and vocabulary ; and there 
are numerous useful illustrations. The volumes are well printed and 
nicely got up. The scries will no doubt be highly popular. 
An Elementary Latin Exercise Boole. By H. (i. Ford, JLA., formerly 
Scholar of Wadham College. Oxford, and L. V. Caudwell, M.A", 
Assistant IMasters in Bristol Grammar School. 2s. 6d. Methuen. 

Though primarily intended to accompany Mr. Ford's " School Latii: 
Grammar," the present work may be rt adily used with " any reafonably 
accurate grammar." It provides a two years' course for boys of averag f 
ability, being divided into six parts, each representing a term's work, and 
each containing twelve Explanatiors and A^ocahularies, with corrfspond-^ 
ing Exercises. It has teen very thoughtfully constiucted, and cannot 
but be valuable, though a good deal of the explanations should be antici- 
pated in the English class. Vocabularies to the exercises and general 
Enghsh-Latin and Latin-English vocabularies are appended. 

^Idtttts Faciliores, an easy Latin construing book (with vocahidary), by 
the late A. W. Potts, M.A., LL.D., Head Master of the Eettes College. 
Edinbiu'gh, and sometime Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge, 
and the Rev. C. Darnell, M.A., late Head Blaster of Cargilfield Pre- 
paratory School, Edinburgh, and Scholar of Pembroke and Downing 
Colleges, Cambridge, will be welecmed in its twelfth edition (Is. 6d. 
net, Blackwood). The little book thoroughly deserves its success. 

MATHEMATICS. 

The Trisection of the Angle ig Plane Geometry. By James Whiteford. 
B.A., M.D. Edin. Greenock : McKelvie. Edinburgh and Glasgow : 
Menzies. Cambridge: Bowes & Bowes. 

In the present work we meet once again with a serious attempt to 
solve one of those celebrated problems that in times gone by engrossed 
the thoughts of so many learned mathematicians. To-day, as we know, 
the expert in mathematics is satisfied that it has been abundantly shown 
that to trisect the qeneral angle by Euclid's methods alone is an impossi- 
bility. Dr Whiteford, as a preface to his present investigation, quotes 
the prrblished opinions of De Morgan on the subject, and cites the con- 
ditions which that eminent mathematician laid down as necessary to 
be fulfilled rigorously by any one claiming to have siumounted thediffi- 
crdties which refuse to be siii mounted. Dr. Whitef ord's work is very in- 
genious, his Lemmas being, moreover, simple and incontrovertible. 
Wlien, however, the main Problem is reached, it is borne in on the reader 
that (assuming their validity) the results obtained must in effect be re- 
garded as approximations only. Close approximations they may be. 
still they are not really more : nay, the very logarithms on which the 
author relies as tests of his accuracy are known to be true to an assigned 
number of decimal places only. We remain, therefore, where we were 
as regards the rigorous solutiorr of the original problem, but all will 
acknowledge the energy and enthusiasm in research displayed by the 
writer. The manner in which the present volume has been brought out 
gives evidence of great care in every respect. 

A Text-Book of Integral Calculus. By Ganesh Prasad, B.A. Cantab., 
D.Sc. (Allahabad). 5s. net. Longmans. 

A natural sequel to the earlier work on the Differential Calculus 
■mritten by the same author. The volume follows the Unes of study laid 
down for students reading for Part I of the Cambridge Mathematical 
Tripos, and is, moreover, suitable for candidates for the degrees of the 
Indian Universities. The course of instruction is based on the writer s 
experience in teaching- the subject ; hence it is the more likely, by 
anticipating the cbfiiculties of the beginner, to prove of value to him m 
his study. The theory of the Calculus is constantly illustrated by means 
of worked examples ; also numerous exercises, some original, others 
culled both from earUer text-books and from question-papers set at 
various University examinations afford a quantity of valuable material 
for purposes of individual practice. The answers are given. It is per- 
haps as well to draw attention to the author's novel use of the tenn 
" General Integral," and to suggest that, since the name has already 
been employed in a different and generally accepted sense in connexion 
with the subject of Differential Equations, there is a disadvantage m 
making it synonymous in the present volume with the standard exprcs- 
.sion " Indefinite Integral." 

In the series of "Special Reports on Educational Subjects" the 
Board of Education has issued some further papers on the Teaching of 
Mathematics in the United Kingdom prepared for the International 
Commission on the Teaching of Mathematics. In our October issue 
(1911) we mentioned the first eight papers of the series. Now we have 
No. 9, The Organizaticn of ihe Tiachxng ,f Malhemaius xn Fublie Secondary 
Schools for Girls, by Louisa Story, Head Mistress of the Royal School, 
Bath ll^d.) ; No. lO, Examinations from the School Point of ]uw (with 
a large appendix of recent examination papers', by Cecil Hawkins, late 
Senior Mathematical Master at Haileyhury College 1 9d.); and^o_ll, Ihe 
Teaching of Mathematics to YinxQ Children, by Irene Stephens, Lecturer 
in Malheriatics at the Hcufe of Education, Ambleside (1-Jd.). W jmar. 



32 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES 



[Jan. 1, 1912. 



SCIENCE. 
Inurgaiiic Chemistrji for Schooh. By W. 51. Hooton, M.Sc, M.A., 
F.I.C., Chief Chemistry Master at Repton School. 3s. 6d. Edward 
Arnold. 
" It is demanded of a school course in chemistry," says Mr. Hooton, 
*' that it shall train the reason, refine the perceptions, stimulate curiosity 
and imagination, impart useful knowledge, lend itself to the strengthen- 
ing of class discipline, and ensure the pupil's success in exanunation." 
Towards these comprehensive ends he otfers here the substance of a dozen 
ye.irs' experience in teaching the subject. "The text is based on ex- 
periments performed by the pupils under direction, and is amplified by 
illustrative references to phenomena of daily life and to common indus- 
trial processes." The exposition is lucid, and each chapter is summarized 
at the end and followed by a series of testing questions, the answers to 
numerical questions being appended. There are 87 figures. The book 
covers the ground of the London Matriculation, the Northern Universities 
Matriculation, and the Army Entrance Examinations. It contains a 
couple of years' solid work. A thoroughly capable and most useful 
work. 

Aiiahiiieol Mechanics, eomprisinj. the Kinetics and Statics of Solids and 
Fluids. By Edwin H. Barton, U.Sc Lend., F.R.S.E., A.M.I.E.E., 
F.Ph.S.L., Professor of Experimental Physics, University College, 
Nottingham. 10s. 6d. net. Longmans. 
Prof. Barton assumes that students of this work on theoretical 
nieehauios will possess, or will be concurrently acquiring, an elementary 
knowledge of the calculus, and he assists those that already have more 
or less acquaintance with the subject by briefly outlining the elemen- 
tary parts " to serve as a revision or reference" as well as for logical 
completeness. After a preliminary survey of the si-ope of mechanics and 
a collection of mathematical formulie required for the solution of me- 
chanical problems, he deals systematically with Kinematics (including 
mechanisms and strains). Kinetics, Statics, Hydromechanics, and Elas- 
ticity. The exposition is able and lucid, and sets of examples are 
liberally provided, a large number of additional problems of a harder and 
more varied character being appended. The author ha-; not written with 
an eye to any particular examination syllabus, but the work will meet 
the needs of University students generally, and of candidates in the third 
and honours stages of the Board of Education. There are '241 figures. 

The Stiirx from Tear to Tear, with Charts for every month, by 
H. Periam Hawkins, appears in a fifth edition (Is. net.) The iuti-o- 
<luctory matter will give useful guidance, and the charts are very clearly 
printed. — The S/ar Sheet Almanac for 1912 (6d. net), by the same author, 
gives charts of the four seasons and fine illustrations of the North 
American Nebula and of the total eclipse of the sun. — The Star Calendar 
for 1912, also by the same author, is a new design in the form of a 
planisphere, containing the constellations of the Northern Hemisphere 
on a revolving chart, with dates and hours of observation (Is. net). 
All these works will be very helpful to the young student or amateur. 
They are publi-shed by Messrs. Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. 

ENGLISH LITERATURE. 

The Kinijis Qiiair, and the Qnare of Jelnsy. Edited by Alexander Lawson, 
M.A. St. Andr., Hon. D.D. Edin., Berry Professor of English 
Literatiu'e in the LTniversity of St. Andrews. A. & C. Black. 
Prof. Lawson has two aims : (1) to give the texts of the several poems 
as the manuscripts present them and as criticism would amend them, 
and (2) to assign them their place in the development of English and 
Scottish poetry. The MS. text and the amended text of the ' ' Kingis 
Quair" are placed on opposite pages; and specimens of the MSS. of 
both poems are beautifully reproduced. The introduction is ample and 
careful. It opens with a detailed life of King .James I of Scotland, 
discusses the authenticity of the " Kingis Quair," explores its affinities 
with earlier and later Scots poetry, and examines the texts and the lan- 
guage of the poems. The authenticity of the " Kingis Quair " has been 
vigorously canvassed since Mr. J. T. T. Brown's pronouncement against 
the royal authorship ; and Prof. Lawson concludes that " the verdict 
must be given, hesitatingly perhaps, yet given against tradition." The 
notes are very serviceable. There is a sl'ght appendix on historical and 
palicographical points ; and a glossary. The volume is a work of 
substantial scholarship. 

'The Classic Mi/ths in linjlish Literalure and in Art. By Charles Mills 

Gayley, Litt. D., LL.D, Professor of the English" Language and 

Literature in the University of C.ilifornia. Second edition, revised 

and enlarged. 6s. Gd. Ginn. 

Tlie term " Classic " is not confined to Greece anl Rome, but is to be 

tiikeu as " syuonymous with Classical or as antithetical to Romantic." 

Thu<, the myths of the Norse gods and of Nor.se and Old German 

heroes are included, though the myth^ of Greece and Rome till much the 

larger space. Part I treats very fully of "Myths of Divinities and 

Heroes " in 29 chapters : Part II deals with the " History of Myth " — 

■ irigin and elements, distribution and preservation. Prof. Gayley 

ransacks Eaglish literature and art for ilhi-,trations. A considerable 

■■commentary" is appended, explaining ordinai^y textual difficulties, 

interpreting the myths, indicating additional poems that illustrate the 

myths, and drawing attention to illustrative masterpieces of ancient and 

molern sculpture and painting. Tliero are 17 full-page illustrations 



and maps, and 189 other illustrations. The treatment is comprehensi^'e 
and capable, and the revision has been thoroughgoing. The indexes are 
usefully full. An extremely interesting volume. 

"Pocket Series of English Classics." — Lorna Doone. A Romance of 
Exmoor. By Richard Doddridge Blatkmore. Edited by Albert L. 
Barbour, Superintendent of Schi. ols, Natick, Mass. Is. net 
Macmillan. 

" ' Lorna Doone,' to a Devonshire man, is as good as clotted cream — 
almost ! " And to people of other shires no less. Mr. Barbour's intro- 
duction is biographical and literary ; and he adds a few explanatory 
notes at the end of the volume. The type is small, but quite clear. 
"The Water Slide" stands as frontispiece, but it is not the water 
slide of the text. We should gladly give all Mr. Barbour's description 
for a plan of the locality. Though there are some G60 jiages, the book 
is handy for the pocket. 

ART. 

The Practice of Oil Fainting, and of Drawing as associated with it. 

By Solomon J. Solomon, R.A. 6s. net. Seeley. 

" The whole object of this volume is to combat the careless craftsman- 
ship wdnch is too common and is detrimental to the work of any painter, 
however gifted." It is addressed primarily to art students, of course : 
but it is very well worth the careful attention of art teachers, and of 
amateurs and picture lovers as well. Mr. Solomon begins with " a 
method of drawing which is not, I believe, usually taught, but which my 
own students have found useful as an additional aid to the knowledge 
they have already acquired." He takes much pains in expouuding the 
construction of the human figure, and devotes several chapters to a study 
of tone values. The student maj' now use his palette. The second part 
of the volume examines the methods of the great masters of painting, 
typical examples of their works being reproduced. Altogether there are 
eighty illustrations. The treatment is thoroughly practical, and the 
points are put with direct force and in lucid expression. A work of 
signal excellence. 

A Cataloi/HC of an E.cliihi(io)t of Old Masters in aid tf the National Art 
CollccUuns Fund: Grafton Galleries, \'dl\. Edited by Roger E. Fry 
and JIaurice W. Brockwell. 21s. net. Philip Lee Wai-ner. 

A most handsome volume, furnished forth with artistic ability and 
care worthy of the subject. The list of pictures impresses the im- 
portance of the Exhibition, the generosity of the lenders, and the 
enterprise of the Comnnttee. The descriptions are fuUy informatory — 
they include the known history of the several pictures, an explanal^ion 
of the subjects, and often critical comments from standard authorities or 
else references thereto. Eighty-one of the most famotis or most re- 
presentative woi'ks are repi'oduced in full-page plates with pronounced 
success. The volume is valuable quite apart from the Exhibition. 

Photograms of the IVffc is a considerable A'olume of typical photographic 
pictures reproduced and criticized, under the editorship of H. Snowden 
Ward, F.R.P.S. (2s. 6d. net, Routledge ; and Dawbarn & Ward). This 
is the seventh year of publication. The numerous pictures are ad- 
mirably reproduced and the criticisms are well informed and suggestive. 

The Nation and its Art Treasures, by Robert C. Witt, M.A., F.S.A. 
(Is. net, Heinemann), discusses briefly the more important cjuestions 
relating to the conservation and administration of the various national 
collections of art. The argument is well informed, temperate, and 
opportune. 

Mr. Franz Hanfstaengl (16 Pall Mall East, S.W.) publishes an ani- 
mated picture, 18J by 26 in., representing Joan of Arc attacking the 
English on the bridge of Orleans. The artist, Alice B. Giles, has made 
the most of the space, and taken much pains with the armour and 
"weapons. The colouring is strong and eftective. The picture is No. 11 
of the interesting series of "The Scholar's Cartoons." A descriptive 
leaflet (2d.) has been prepared by the artist. The price of the cartoon 
is 3s. uuframed. 

EDUCATION. 

liow to tell Stories to Children, and Some Stories to 7ell. By Sarah Cone 

Bryant. Third impression. 2s. 6d. Harrap. 

The author gives, for the most part, such stories as she has found to be 
best liked by the children she has experimented on, reproducing them in 
the actual form she employed ; and her statements of theory as to metlRMl 
she confines to the outcome of her own experience. It is by no means 
easy to tell a story effectively ; and there are probably very few story- 
tellers that would not derive useful suggestions from Miss Bryant's 
remarks on the purpose of story-telling, the selection and adaptation of 
stories, the way to tell stories, and the specific uses of story-telling in the 
classroom. Some very good examples are furnished, and the lists of 
references will be helpful. " Story-telling has a real mission to perform 
in setting free the natural creative expression of children, and in vitaliz- 
ing the general atmosphere of the school." 

Mes-^rs. Harrap also publish Stories to tell to Children, by the same 
author (2s. 6d. net). It is a collection of fifty-four stories, preceded by 
some suggestions for the storyteller and by some notes on storytelling in 
teaching English. The selection is very good, and the stories are simply 
and pointedly told. 

In our October issue we noticed the first volume of Historical and Other 
Papers and Documents illustrative of the Educational System of Ontario, by 
(Continued on paye o4.) 



Jan. 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



33 



CLERGY i^UTUAL ASSURANCE SOCIETY 

Tlie ONLY Life Assurance Society for the CIiZIBGY and theii- relatives wbiuli spends iiotliiiitr 
eitlier in Dividends to Shareholders or in Commissions to Anrents. 

o 

ALL THE PROFITS ARE DIVSDED AMONGST THE POLICYHOLDERS. 

After 82 YEARS of steady growth the Society's Funds are £4,662,049. The BONUS distribution in 1911 
amounted to £553,995, yielding- Bonuses at the same exceptionally high rates as in 1906. 

While Bonuses are EXCEPTIONALLY HIGH, premiums are LOW. Interim Bonus is paid on policies which 
mature between two Bonus periods. Fullest value is given for policies surrendered. Policies are incapable of forfeiture 
so long as their Xet Surrender value exceeds the arrears of premium. 

The Society grants — Whole rjff Assurances. 
JindoH'iitent Assuyauees. 
Guin-ditteed Tueoiite Assinaiiees. 
Defei-red Amsk ranees on ehild ren's I ires. 
MdncatUmal Annuities, 
liuuiediate Life Annuities. 
Pension jtoJieies. 
For information as to these or any other forms of Life Assurance to meet special circumstances, ap])ly to the 
Secretary, W. N. Neale, Esq., 2 & 3 The Sanctuary, Westminster, S.W. 



Patrons : THE ARCHBISHOP OP CANTERBURY. THE ARCHBISHOP OP YORK. 

President : THE BISHOP OP LONDON. Vice-President : THE LORD HARRIS. 

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34 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[J 



an. 



1912. 



J. George Hodgius, I.S.O.. M.A., LL.D., &c., Histuriographer to the 
Education Department of Ontario, covering the period 1792 to 1853. 
We now have the second and third volnmei, carrying on the illustration 
to the end of the sixties. A most interesting collection, with some pho- 
tographs of edicitionists and of elucatioaal buildings. 

HAZ ELL'S ANNUAL. 

Hdzell's AiiiKial is not merely " a record of the men and movements of 
the time," it reaches backward and forward. The great events of the 
year at home and abroad are chronicled succinctly, from the progress 
.of Aerial Navig.ition to th? administration of Z iluland. The provisions 
*f the Anglo-Russian Convention relating to Pei'sia is given, and the 
events leading up to the crisis are detailed. So with the Morocco com- 
plication, which is illustrated with a g.joi map showing the territorial 
relations in the region of the Congo. The Parliament Act is reproduced ; 
the Insurance Bill is sumaiarized, and compared with the German 
scheme; and materials are furnished in elncidition of the subjects of 
Hom3 Rule, Welsh Disestablishmant, and Electoral Reform, in anticipa- 
tion of next session of Parliament. All pha^e^ of social and religious 
■progress are noted ; and music, art, sport, the drama, &c , are duly 
-reported on. Space has been found for a review of the books of the 
year, and for a diary of events — new features. Indeed, the course of 
events has led to the introductioa of an exceptionally large number of 
■jiew articles. The index has again been enlarged, and now contains 
some seven thousand references. Considering the extraordinary variety 
:and complication of facts and incidents, and the necessity of condensa- 
tion, the marvel is that the book is so efficiently kept up to date. It is, 
of course, indispensable. 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

Parts I to V of Lon Imi .SVu/'i'm, edited by John o' London, have been 
Issued by Messrs. Jack, of Eiinburgh (6d. net). Part I is occupied with 
"The Pageant of London " — old street cries, singular stories of celebrated 
;personages, popular songs, anecdotes, &c. — and, besides numerous in- 
teresting and curious illustrations, is accompanied by a reproduction of 
the magnificent "Pageant of London Characters " (over three feet long), 
.drawn by Mr. George Morrow, of I'/im-h. Tlie work will be completed 
in about twenty parts. " It is a collection of the most interesting stories 
.of the lives, habits, adventures, triumphs, characters, follies, and eccen- 
tricities of real London men and women in many ages." It promises to 
Jbe a book of extraordinarily varied and curious interest. 

IVEW YEAR BOOKS. 

O'ine ; or, the Aureole and the Jl'undnmi Gent. By Neiin. (3s. 6d.net, 
Dent.)— Neim is " a young Poet Bard of the Lartoriski Clan." Oine 
is a "child of Faerie," "the Spirit of Truth, Wonder, and Joy " : a 
■foundling, whose name " was written in a curious way on a necklace 
which was round her throat." The play (in four acts! opens on Christ- 
mas Eve, 1927, and Oine makes her appearance at different ages up to 
fifteen. Cinthus, Lord Angus of Lir's nephew, plays Prince Charming 
in a way, though he does not figure in the formal table of "characters." 
"The play is steeped in Celtic mysticism. 

The Princess and Cardie,^ one of Dr. George Macdonald's delightful 
books for young people, is issued in a fine new edition by Messrs. Blackie 
f3s. 6d. net). The type is large and generously spaced ; there are twelve 
■full-page illustrations in colour and twenty-nine text illustrations in black 
and white by Helen Stratton; and the get-up is attractive. 

Rfhecca of Snnmjhroik Farm, by Kate Douglas Wiggin, is an agreeable 
addition to " Gay's Shilling Library " (Is., Gay & Hancocki. The story 
has run through a dozen editions in the past eight years, and this is the 
popular edition. There are no illustrations. 

A Cathedral. Cuiirtship. another piquant little story by Kate Douglas 
Wiggin, with half-a-tlozen illustrations by Charles E. Brock, is also 
nicely furnished forth by Messrs. Gay & Hancock (Is. net). 

Hildi Cowhanis Blacklegs and Others (3s. 6d. net, Kegan Paul, Trench, 
Tritbner, & Co. ) is an amusing picture book for children, with some verses 
to the earlier pictures. The drawings are quaint and clever, and they are 
admirably reproduced. 

/ Wonder is a slim volume of eight " Essays for the Young People," 
by tlie writer of " Confessio Jlediei " (3s. (id. net, Macmillan). There is 
the Way of Wonder to begin with, and the Use of Wonder to end with, 
and the Wonder of Matter, of Nature, of Self, of Pain, of Death, and of 
Beauty in between. The essays are thoughtful and simply written, but 
the young people that are to benefit by them will ha\e to be a good few- 
years old, unless there be some older friend at hand to supply a runnin"- 
commentary of explanation and expansion. 

'I'he Danabe icilh I'en and Pencil, liy Captain B. Granville Baker (1.5s., 
Allen), describjs in simple and agreeable style the course of the great 
■river, with the principal historical and legendary incidents that cluster 
about its towns and castles. The author is enthusiastic over his sub- 
ject, and with very good reason. At points he does not scruple to 
■ challenge the Rhine. On the northward sweep of the Danube from 
Melk, for example, the country is " lovelier far than the scenery of the 
much-vaunted Rhine." The ninety-nine illustrations, manv of them full 
page and coloured, give effective re]«-esentations of most interesting and 
picturesque scenes. A very charming and pleasantly descriptive volume. 

The Italian Fairy Boole, by Anne Macdonell ((is., Fisher Unwiu), 



contains thirty-seven stories selected from the vast mass of Italian folk 
and fairy tales — not as iUustratious of folk-lore, but simply for the 
deliglit of children. The selection is, indeed, fairly representative, 
though the governing purpose of the author is mere entertainment. 
The talcs are not translated, but adapted and retold for English chil- 
dren. The subjects are widely varied, and there is abundant scope for 
the lightness, gaiety, humour, and dramatic intensity of the Southern 
folk. There are a hundred spirited illustrations by Morris Meredith 
Williams, to say nothing of the countless initial letters in varying moods 
of fantasy. A delighful book for young folk, and not without interest 
for elders. 

IVie Baron's Heir, by Alice Wilson Fox (Cs., Macmillan), is " a six- 
teenth-century romance for young people " based upon episodes in the 
life of Sir Thomas More, his family, and friends. The scenes are laid at 
the Manor House of Gobions in Hertfordshire (where Sir Thomas 
spent a good deal of his time and is said to have written the "Utopia"), 
London, and Greenwich. The writer has diligently searched out the 
historical facts and woven an extremely interesting story, her care being 
intensified by the lineal descent of her mother from Margaret Roper. 
A charming volume, with eisrht illustrations designed by Joyce Surges. 

Tlie Jlajpout's liinijs, by F. A. Knight (5s., Dent), has for sub-title 
"The Fate of the MacCarthys," and, as "to be the sport of impulse 
had ever been the bane of the MacCarthys," it is easy to see that the 
characteristic would have ample scope in the time of the Indian Mutinj'. 
But there happen elsewhere a great many things that link themselves 
more or less to things that happened in the Mutiny, and, of course, there 
is involved a love story. What the Rajpoot's rings had to do with the 
case we may not disclose. The story is full of adventure and developed 
with imaginative vigour. Six coloured illustrations by C. Fleming 
Williams. 

The Moll of Hononr, by Arthur T. Quiller-Couch (tis. net. Nelson), is 
" a new book of golden deeds." Upon the roll are inscribed nine name.s, 
all " eminent for that self-devotion which is the pure gold of heroism " 
— self-devotion continuous and sustained, deliberate and conscious of its 
purpose, its object an idea, and not a person or a group of persons, 
its result eminent or at least important. The names are : Bolivar, John 
Brown, Lincoln, Garibaldi, Livingstone, Florence Nightingale, Pasteur, 
Gordon, Damien. The biographies are full and sympathetic and beau- 
tifully written. The get-up is handsome, and there are nine illustra- 
tions. A splendid book for young folk. 

Aesop's Fables — a new version, chiefly from the original sources, by 
Thomas James, M.A., late Canon of Peterborough — reappears in 
'' Murray's Shilling Library," with more than a hundred illustra- 
tions designed by Tenniel and Wolf. It will form a welcome gift-book 
to many children. 

Feench Books. 

Mon Journal (10 f. , Hachette) contains the usual abundance of excellent 
stories, articles, and other interesting matters suitable for children be- 
tween eight and twelve. It is profusely and effectively illustrated. 
English children that have made a beginning in French will find it 
extremely useful for supplementary reading, to say nothing of its variety 
of interest. 

Messrs, Hachette issue, in their "Nouvelle Collection pour la Jeu- 
nesse," Voi/ages et Acentures da Cafjitaine Marias Coagoardan, by Eugene 
Mouton (Merinos), with sixty-six woodcuts by Edouard Zier (If. 50 c). 
" De tons les marins illustres que Marseille a lance sur les mers Cou- 
gourdan fut a coup siir le plus prodigieux." The adventures are suffi- 
ciently marvellous, and they are related with great spirit. 

DiAEIES. 

Messrs. Charles Letts & Co. (3 Royal Exchange) offer a vast variety of 
diaries for 1 9 1 2 . Examples are : No. 1, Self-opening Pocket Diary, a 
page aday, leatherette, yellow edges. Is. 6d. net ; No. 13i>, Self-opening 
Pocket Diary and Note-book, a week a page, with blank page ruled for 
cash opposite, in art leather cloth, with back loo|3 and pencil, 9d. net ; 
" Sixpenny Tuck," a week a page, 6d. net ; No. 21, Self-opening Pocket 
Diary, a page a day, leather, gilt edges, 2s. 6d. net; No. 24, Pocket 
Diary and Note -book, a page a day, leather, gilt edges. Is, net : No. 64b, 
Popular Shilling Diary (Office Scribbling Diary and Note-book), three 
days a l^age, a week in each opening, interleaved blotting, stiff boards, 
cloth back, Is. net; No. 30t, Self-opening Peerless Pocket Diary, week 
in opening, right hand page blank, ruled for cash, tuck, Is. net ; No. 84b, 
Improved Diary (Small Octavo Diary and Note-book), interleaved 
blotting, cloth back. Is. net; No. 91. Popular One-Day Diary (Office 
Scribbling Diary and Memorandum Book), a page a day. stiff boards, 
cloth back. Is. Gd.net; No. 103, Improved Sixpenny Scribbling Diary 
and Memorandum Book, a week a page, interleaved blotting, stiff boards, 
cloth back, fid. net ; No. 273b, Popular Desk Diary (Office Scribbling 
Diary and Note-book), three days a page, interleaved lilotting, stiff 
boards, leather-cloth back. Is. 6d. net; No. 384b, Small Octavo Diary 
and Note-book, three days a page, interleaved blotting, cloth, gilt 
lettered. Is. (id. net ; No. (JOOp, Peerless Self-opening Pocket Diary, a 
week to an opening, padded roan, gilt edges, back loop, pencil, 2s. net. 
Then there is the " R.H.S." Gardeners' Pocket Diary and Note-book, 
week in opening, morocco sheep leather, back loop, pencil, 2s. net, with 
much information for gardeners, amateur and professional, edited by the 
Rev. W. Wilks, M.A., Vicar of Shirley. Finally, the Schoolboy's Pocket 

{Continued on page 36.) 



Jan. 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



35 



MESSRS. BELL'S REGENT EDUCATIONAL BOOKS. 



BAKER AND BOURNE'S WORKS. FRENCH. 



A New Geometry. By AV. M. Baker, M.A., and 
A. A. BouKNE, 3M.A. Crown Svo, L's. 6d. 

*j,* Also Parts I-III separately, Is. fid. 
Uniform ivith '^ The Stiiiind Arithmetic." 

Public School A rithmetiC. Crown Svo, 3s. 6d. ; 
or ^\'ith Auswers, -is. Gd. -Vnswers separately, Is. net. 

A Student's Arithmetic. Ciowu Svo. With or 

without Answers, 2s. 6d. 

Elementary Algebra. Crown Svo. With or 

without Answers. 4s. 6d. Also in Parts and Examples 
separately. 

A First Algebra. Small crown Svo, Is. 6d. ; or 
with Answers, 'Js. .Vnswers separately, fid. net. 

Elementary Geometry. Crown Svo. Complete, 

4s. Gd. ; or the Books separately. 



A First Geometry. 

out Answers, Is. 6d. 



Crown Svo. With or with- 

Elementary Mensuration. Crown Svo, is. 6d. 
BORCHARDT& PERROTT'S WORKS 

To be completed in Six Parts 

Geometry for Schools. By W. g. Borchabdt, 

M A., B Se., and the Rev. A, I). Pekeott, M.A. 
An eutirelv new Geometry meetinu- the requirements of the Board 
of Education Circular No. 711, 1909. 

Xotf lliadij. 
Part I. — Covering Stages I and II. Is. 
Paet II. — Properties of Triangles and Parallelograms. Is. 6d. 

Heady Shortly. 
Paet III.— Area. Is. 6d. Pakt IV.— Circles. Paet V.— Pro- 
portion. Part VI. — Solids. Paets II-VI cover Stage III. 

A New Trigonometry for Schools. 

Seventh Edition, revised. Crown Svo. With or without 
Answers. 4$. Cd. Also in Two Parts, 2s. Gd. each. Full Key, 
10s. net : or in Tn-o Parts, .5s. net each. 

PENDLEBURY'S WORKS. 

A New School Arithmetic. By Charles 

Pendleeurt, M.A., F.K.A.S., assisted by E. E. 'Robinsox, 
M.A. 4s. fid. In Two Parts. 2s. fid. each. Examples. 
Separately, 3s. Part I, Is. fid. ; Part II, 2s. 

A Junior Arithmetic, is. 6d. ; with Answers, 2s. 
Examples. Separately, Is : with Answers, Is. 6d. 

New Shilling Arithmetic, is. : with Answers, 

Is. 4d. 



The Direct Method of Teaching French. 

By D. Mack.w, M.A , and F. J. Curtis, Ph.D. 
First French Book. With 22 Illustrations. Is net. 
Second French Book. AVith 38 Illustrations. Is. fid. not. 
Teachers' Handbook. Is. net. 
Wall Picture, INIounted on rollers, 7s fid. net. 

Contes Frant^ais, Anciens et Modernes. 

Edited, with Intr(.)duction, Trief Notes, and A'ocabuluries, liy 
Mark Ckpi'i. Fcap. svo, with or without Vocabulary, Is. fid. 

Pamphlet of Questionnaires and Exercises, GJ. 
Contes D'Hier et D'Aujourd'hui. Edited, 

with Notes and Vocabulary, by J. S. Norm.vn, M.A., and 
M. Charles Robert Dujias. Crown Svo, Illustrated, Is. 6d. 

Case's Little Gem French Dictionary. 

Abridged from *' Gasc's French Dictionary. By ilAiiC Chiti. 
Narrow Svo, Is. net ; limp leather, 2s. net. 

Bell's Illustrated French Readers. Pott Svo. 

With Brief Notes and V..cal)ularies. NEW A'OLI'MES. 

Tales by Souv^stre [Second Series]. Edited by H. N. 
Adair, M.A. Is. 

Selections from Dumas. Edited by Marc Ceppi. Kid. 

These roliones coutmit Qne^tiommire and Txerci-ses for retranslatioii. 



LATIN. 

Bell's Simplified Latin Classics. Edited 

by S. E. WiNBOLT, M.A. With Notes, Exercises, Vocabularies, 
and numerous Illustrations. Crown Svo, Is. fid. each. 

FIRST VOLUMES NOW READY. 
Caesar's Invasions of Britain. 
Livy's Kings of Rome. 

Simple Selections front Cicero's Letters. 
Caesar's Fifth Campaign. 

(heady immediately ) 
Virgil's Athletic Sports. 
Easy Selections from Virgil's Aeneid. 

CothurnulUS. Three Short Historical Latin Plays 
for Beyinneis. With Vecabularies. By Edward Veexon 
Aexold, Litt.D. New Edition, revised. Crown Svo, with or 
without VocabiUary, Is. Also the Vocabulary separately, 
4d. net. 



ENGLISH. 

Advanced English Grammar through 

Composition. By John D. Rose, M.A. Crown Svo. 2s. fid. 
(Reudy in .January ) 

Mason's New English Grammars. Revised 

by A. ,1. AsHTOX. M.A. 
Mason's Junior English Grammar. 12.) pp.. Is. 
Mason's Intermediate English Grammar. 218 pp. 



Mason's Senior English Grammar. 



7fi pp., 3s. fid. 



London: G. BELL AND SONS, Ltd., York House, Portugal Street, W.C. 



86 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Jan. 1, 19T?. 



Diary and Note-book, week in openiug;, art liiieu, back loop, peucil, Is. 
net, compiled by Marc Ceppi, of Whitgift Grammar School. To each of 
these diaries is attached an insurance coupon. They are all carefully 
adajited to their various purposes, and substantially and artistically 
got up. 



FIRST GLANCES. 

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Arithmetical Tests, McDougall's Girls" Suggestive. Fifth year. Is. 6d. 
net per packet. 

[Carefully compiled ; very useful.] 

Calculus, A School. By A. M. McNeile, M.A., Assistant Master a 
Sion College, and J. D. McNeile, M.A., Assistant Master at Wel- 
lington College. 7s. 6d. Murray. 

Determinants, The Theory of, in the Historical Order of Development. 
Bv Thomas Muir, C.M.G., LL.D . F.R.S., Supeiintendent-Geueral 
of Educatio I ill Cape Colony. Vol. II: The Period 1841 to 18(j0. 
17s. net. Macmillan. 

Geometrj', Non-Euclidean, Bibliography of ; including the Theory of 
Parallels, the Foundations of Geometry, and Space of ?i Dimensions. 
By Duncan M. Y. Sommerville, M.A., D.Sc, Lecturer in Mathe- 
matics at the University of St. Andrews. 10s. net. Harrison. 

Groups of Finite Order, Theory of. By W. Burnside, M.A., F.R.S., 
D.Sc. Dub., LL.D. I din., Honorary Fellow of Pembroke College, 
Cambridge, Professor of Mathematics at the Royal Naval College, 
Greenwich. Second edition. 1.5s. net. Cambridge University 
Press. 

[Contains a large amount of new matter.] 

Mathematics and Mathematical Physics, Cambridge Tracts in. No. 13 : 
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Mathematics, First- Year, Teacher's Mauruil for. By George William 
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City .ind Guilds of London Institute. Report on the work of the De- 
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[With the examination papers of 1911.] 

Education and Preventive Medicine. By Norman Edward Ditman, 
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[Comprehensive survey and forcible argument.] 

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L.C.C. Annual Report, Vol. IV, Education. 2s. fid. King. 

Oxford Local Examinations. — Regulations and Time-Tables for the 
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Wales, North, Univer,sity College of. — Calendar 1911-12. 

MiSCELLAXEOUS. 

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Animal Sanctuaries in Labrador. Address by Lt.-Col. William Wood, 

F.R.S.C, before the Second Annual Meeting of the Coiiimis.sioners 

of Conservation, Canada, at Quebec, January 1911. 
Graceful, How to Grow. By Aunt Kate. Id. Leng. 
Poliomyelitis in relation to the spread of Inspection in Schools. By 

Frederick E. Batton, M.A., M.D., F.R.C.P. Issued by the Medical 

Ofticers of Schools Association, ls.net. Churchill. 
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net. King. 
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MATHEMATICS. 

lieadeis desiring to contribute to the Mathematical columns 
are asked to observe the following directions very carefully : — 

(1) To write on one side only of the paper. 

(2) To avoid putting more than one piece of irork on a singlr 

sheet of paper. 

(3) To sign each separate piece if work. 



17132. (P. Tavani.) — Can a series of positive decreasing terms 
represent an undetermined quantity ? Or, in other words, does a 
series of positive decreasing terms necessarily represent a determined 
quantity either finite or infinite? 

Discussion hij the Pkoposek. 

My view is that a series of positive decreasing terms can represent an 
undetermined quantity and I can rigorously prove it. In some texts, 
however, dealing with the general theory of the series, this point either 
is completely omitted or it seems that it is tacitly assumed that " a 
series of positive decreasing terms either represents a finite quantity c r 
it increases indefinitely, and then it represents a determined infinite 
quantity." To the latter part I believe that the following restrictive 
condition must be imposed, viz., "provided that the sum of the infinite 
infinitesimal terms which form the last part of the series has a detei - 
mined limit." 

We cannot assume that the sum of the infinite iufinitesimal terms 
at the end of the series has a determined limit ; therefore we camiot 
assume that the series increases indefinitely tending towards infinity. 

But besides this remark I have a real proof that a series of positi^ i' 
decreasing terms does not necessarily represent a definite quantity, 
finite or infinite, but it must be admitted that it can represent an un- 
determined quantity. 

A discussion having arisen between me and a mathematiciau, author 
of some text-book on series, I should like to have the views of other 
mathematicians. 

On. the Eepresentatiun if Ellipses by Arc Ovals. 

By W. H. Blythe, M.A. 

Let CA = a, CB = 6 be the semi-axes of an ellipse. It is required 
to find the best positions for K and L, points upon BC and CA that 
may be taken as centres for circular arcs BN, NA to be used as an 
approximation to the ellipse. Let AL = LN = r^, and KB = KN = r... 
If the point K be known, L can be found by geometrical construction 

B 



L- 



A 




Fig. 1. Pig. 2. 

or by calculation ; for, if we take AM = BK (Fig. 1), L lies on tho 
perpendicular bisector of KM. Otherwise r^ can be found from the 
condition «- + 6'- + 2r,r„ — aar, — 26;v, = 0. The best method to find K 
by geometrical construction is to fix some point Q in a convenient 
position on the ellipse, and then to draw the perpendicular bisector 
of BQ to meet BC in K. It co-ordinates bo allowed, the best position 
of Q that can be obtained is that having co-ordinates "TOTn, '7076. 

Another position found by a simple geometrical construction is this : 
Let 2-' he the length of the perpendicular from C on AB, take Q as the 
corner of a square on ]], two sides of which lie along CA and CB. 
K and L can then be determined by two perpendicular bisectors as 
shown above. 

A method given in some books on geometrical drawing is to take 
CL = §(a — 6) and the angle CLK = 60°. This method does not ap- 
proximate very closely to the ellipse, and does not give KN = KB ; for, 
if KN = KB, then GL = 1(^3 + 1) (a-6), and the value of |( ^^3 -H) 
differs from | by about -03. Still, this error can be allowed for by 
slightly moving the centre K or L. 

if arithmetical calculation be used, we can obtain the positions of 
K and L more closely. Find G, the centre of curvature at B ; take 
BG = a- -=-(), 



Jan. 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



:17 



then take GK = i(2- -'2)CG. The value of i(2- ^'2) = i true to 
■004, ?f being the less of the two. 

Having thus found r.,, we use the condition above mentioned to 
determine the value of r,. It is possible by slightly moving K to find 
liositions of the arcs AN, NB that give the length of the quadrant and 
its area to a very close degree of approximation. When once found, 
ihe values of r, and r^ can be tabulated for future use. For example, 
a = 100, b = 80, r, = 68-0, r.. = 118. 
Measure the angles ALN = SCJ, NKB = 39"i. Sum of arcs 
AN, NB = [)-,(50|) + J-.,(39i)]ir-^180 = Ul-7. 
The arc of the ellipse, from Legendre's tables, = 141-7. The area 
= i['v(50|) + »v(39l)j7r^l80-i(rt-r,)(n,-i) = 627'J. 

The area of the elliptic quadrant = 6283. 

The representation of the quadrant of an ellipse by two circular arcs 
is not satisfactory when /)<n(-7). In Fig. 2, BK is taken = BG--,'oCCt, 
.ind AL is found by increasing b'-^a in about the same proportion that 
BK has to BG. JI is then taken so as to make the arc PN rather 
larger than BN or AP, limited by the condition BK — AL = LM + JIK. 

Let AL = )■,, :MP = )•.,, BK = r-^. By slightly adjusting L. K, and 
M, a very fair approximation of the ellipse can be obtained between 
u= a(-7)"and b = a{-5). We will suppose then, that, taking a = 100, 
values of >-i, ro, ?■;, have been found and registered from 6 = 70 to 
b = 50. We construct as follows. 

Measure AL = r,, BK = r-^ ; with centres L and K and radii r.^— >-i, 
»-.,-)■„ respectively, describe arcs to cut in M, taking the intersection 
nearest to C. Join KM and produce it to N, making KN = KB. 
Join ML and produce it to P, making LP = LA. With centres L, M, 
K, describe the arcs AP, PN, and NB. 

When b < ifi, it will be necessary to take more circular arcs, limited 
bv the condition that the sum of the distance between consecutive 
centres is equal to BK — AL. 

16963. (W. F. Beard, M.A.)— P is any point on the circum-circle 
of an equilateral triangle ABC ; AP, BP meet BC, CA respectively in 
X, Y. Prove BX.AY is constant. 

Solutions (I) bij James Blaikie, M.A., and K. V. Natesa Aiyar, 
B.A., B.e'., C.E. ; (II) 6i/ Krishna Prasad De, M.A., and very 
many others. 

(I) The triangles YAB, APB, ABX 
have each an angle of 120°, and as APB 
has also an angle common to it and each 
of the other triangles, it is similar to 
both of them, and thus all three tri- 
angles are similar to each other ; there- 
fore AY : AB = AB : BX, 
whence it follows that 

BX.AY = AB'-. 

(II) In the two triangles, ABX and YAB 

Z ABX = Z BAY (each = 60°) ; 
and Z BAX = z BAG - I CAP 

= ZBCA- z:CBP 
= / BYA ; 
therefore the tria.ngles are similar ; therefore 

BX; AB = AB/AY, 
or BX.AY = AB-^ 



The rule is so easy to bear in mind that (after two or three trials) it 
is no longer necessary to write dovifn the auxiliary lines. 




A TInrterii-Rulc for ir. 

By Henry B. Woodall. 

0-13139165,338,8788 
OO10,-201,0OO.201.O05 
w = 3-141 592 65,3 58 9 793,238,16,20,43.38... . 

(1) For the first eight digits of the decimal part put down 13 twice, 
then 7 times 13, then 5 times 13 ; increase the first by 1, the second 
by 2, the third by 1, the fourth by 0. 

(2) For the first fifteen digits of the decimal part put down the first 
eight digits of the top line as before, then twice the square of 13 
[169 X 2 = 338] , followed by four times the cube of 13 [2197 x 4 = 8788] ; 
to the first twelve digits so obtained add the four groups 010, 201, 000, 
201, and to the last digit on the right what it lacks of 13, carrying the 
1 in the ordinary way. 

(3) .\ further seven digits may then be obtained as follows : — Repeat 
the 338 and subtract 100, repeat the 33 and add 13, and then put down 
twice 13. 

(4) To find the next four digits put down 4, and repeal the 3H8. 
Twic? 13 digits of the decimal part are thu» olrtaiiicd. 



Another of Mersenne''^ Numbers of Form 2'- — 1 discnvcrfd to he 
Composite, as reported {or predicted) by him. 

Note by Dr. Biddle. 

We heartily congratulate Mr. Herbert J. Woodall, A.R.C.S., of 
Stockport, on his singular good fortune, and let us add, great merit (as 
a careful and painstaking mathematician of the first rank) in having 
verified Mersenne's statement, as to 2"*' — 1 bv findino it divisible 
by 43441. 

Since 2"' = 1024, it would seem that the number, which Mr. 
Woodall has factorized, consists of at least 55 figures. The discovery 
is a veritable triumph, and it has been confirmed by Col. Allan 
Cunningham, R.E., who is himself the discoverer of some other 
factorizable numbers, of the kind (2''— 1), appearing in Mersenne's list. 
There are now only sixteen of these remaining to be verified. 



N'^te on the Factorization of x" + P.c' + c" . 
By T. Sti-aht, D.Sc. 

The condition under which the above expression admits of four 
rational quadratic factors has been investigated by Prof. Saniana 
{Reprint, Vol. xvin, p. 64). .As his work shows that "P must be four 
times the sum of two fourth powers, each of the two quartic factors are 
of the form x^ + ia*, and so are at once further decomposable. 

The most general solution is obtained by examining when the given 
expression is divisible by the quadratic factor {.v—a)- — fi, where 8 is 
not a perfect square. This requires that 

(a± ^^0r + P{a± ^^$)' + c^ = 0; 
and hence 

P (a^ + 6a2/3 -I- 3-) +(«■*■(- 28a''j3 + 70a-'fl2 + 28a.- 8^ + $* + &') = ( 1) , 

Fa{8+a-) + 2 {B + a-){a-' + 6a-8+8-) = (2), 

whence either (i) a = 0, or (ii) = —a-, or (iii) P -^ —2 {a' + 6a'8 + $-). 
(i) If a = 0, P = -(6- + c7;3-), from (1), and 

x^ + Px^ + €■' = (.r- + 8){x--8){x- + cyB){x--c*l8). 
(ii) It 8 = -d-, then P = 4a<-H4-> {c-la)\ and 
.t8 + [4a^ -I- 4 - 1 (c'-/a)^] X* + <:?> = [x* + 4a*] [x* + 4 " ' {c'-/ay] 

= {x- -f 2ax -H 2o-) (x' -2aX + 2a-) (x- + c'/d . a; ■(- 2 " ' c^a- 
x(x2-c"a.a;-^2-lcVa2). 
This is practically the same as Prof. Sanjana's result. In order that P 
may be integral, c must be even and o a factor in Jc-. Hence for in- 
tegral solutions, c- = 2aa' and P = 4 («■' -i- a'-") , where n and a' are 
integers. 

Examples. — c = 2, a = 2, n' = 1, gives P = 68, and hence 

.T^ -I- Q,S,x* + 2*= {x- + ix + 8)(x--4a; -i- B){x- + 2x + i)(x-—2x + 2). 
Similarly, if c = 4, an' = 8 and (a, a') = (4, 2) or (8, 1), giving 
P = 1088 or 10388*, 

and if c = 10, aa.' = 50 and (a, a) = (10, 5), (25, 2). or (50, 1), the 
corresponding values of P being 42500, 1562564*, 25000004. 

(iii) Substituting for P in (1) gives {8 — d-Y = (? ■, therefore 
8 = (a-Tc-) and P = - 2 (c^ =F 9>a-c- -f Sa-'). 
As P is a function of a-, (x-¥a.)- — 8 is also a factor, and the given ex- 
pression is the product of three factors, viz., 

(x--v2a.r±c-), (x--2aa;±c-), and (.-f'^Tc-)'- + (2a.r)--=. 
In order that the quartic factor may also break up, P must be the same 
for a different value of a, say a . This requires the upper signs to be 
taken, and c" = a- + a'-. 

Hence P = — 2 (a' + a''— Ca'-V-), and the expression is 

= {x° -1- 2ax -I- C-) (x- — 2ax + c-)(x- -t- 2a'x + c-) (x^ — 2a'x -I- c-) . 
As in (ii), there is an infinite number of fractional solutions for any 
given value of c, for integral solutions c must be the sum of two squares 
and may be odd or even. 

Examples. — (1) c = 5, a = 4, a' = 3, gives P = 1054, and the formula 
.x-s ■+ 1054X* -f 5** = (x= + Sx + 25) (x- - 8x + 25)(x- -I- 6x + 2.5)(x= - 6x -I- 25) . 
(2) c = 10, o = 8, o' = 6 gives P = 7648, and the formula 
.r-* + 764Sx* + 10'' 

= {x- + 16.V + 100)(x- - lOx -I- 100)(x- + 12x + 100) (.i-- 12x + 100) . 
The values of P found from the formula in (iii) are (in general) much 
smaller than those obtained from the corresponding formula in (ii). 
but the latter are more numerous. 

* Due to Prof. Sanjiina (I.e., p. 05). 



38 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Jan. 1, 1912. 



16778. (C. E. YouNGMAN, M. A.) — If three parallels toueh a oardiolde 
at P, Q, R then the tangents from P, Q, R will meet at a point T lying 
on the circle inscribed iu the space between the curve and its double 
tangent. 

Additional Solution by Pulin Bihaei Das. 

Following the method given by Mr. G. N. Bates in his solution of 
Question 10230 in The Edzwational Times of October 1, 1909, we see 
that T'y — x = 3aT(l — T) is the equation to the tangent to the curve. 
If in this equation we put x = 2at — at'' and y = ia/t — a/t', we get the 
square oiT — t multiplied by i^ + 2i(T — 1) — T = 0. This latter gives 

T = (2t-t-)/{2t-l). 

Similarly, T^^y - SaT,^ + 3aTi - a; = 

represents the equation of tangent from 

X = 2aa>t — aw-t'^ and y = 2a/a!t — a/art' 

if Ti= {2u,t-oiH'^}/{'2oit-l). 

The third tangent is similarly seen to be 

TJ'y-3aT.:fi + 3aT„-x = 0, 

where T. = {2wH-u,t"')/{2aH-l). 

Solving for x and y from any two of these equations, we find 

x = a {2t~t-) {2<^t-aH') (2a.2«-a.r-')/6<3 

and y = a(2t-l) (2i^t-l) {2aH-l)l6f. 

The values of x and y satisfy the third equation. Hence the tangents 
meet at a point. To get the locus, we see that 

x = a{a-t^)/6 and 2/ = a (8<3-l)/6i^ 

and therefore (a; — 8a/6) (y — 8a/6) = aPI36, 

which represents in Cartesian coordinates 

{x-4:al3y + y-= {ajG)- 

a circle inscribed in the space between the cardioide and its double 
tangents. 



16596. (I. Arnold.) — Construct a quadrilateral having its sides 
equal to four given right lines, and its area equal to a given rectangle, 
specifying under what conditions the problem becomes impossible. 

Solution by the Proposbe. 

Let AB, BC, ad, CD be the given lines, and draw Ai, be perpendicu- 
lar to each other, and equal respec- 
tively to AB and BC ; then with 
the other two given lines construct 
the quadrilateral A6cD. Produce 
AD and draw cE perpendicular to 
AD produced. Next, produce Ec to 
P so that the rectangle under EP 
and AD may be double the given 




area. 

Again, take a fourth proportional 
to AD, At, and be, with which from 
centre P let an arc be described 
cutting another arc described from 
D as centre, and with the given 
radius CD in C. Join D and C, 
and from A and C draw the other 
two given linos AB, CB so as to 

form the triangle ABC ; then is ABCD the required quadrilateral. 
Through C draw PCG parallel to EP and thus completing the rectangle 
EG. Now Ac, AC, and PC being drawn, 
upon AB produced let fall the perpen- 
dicular CQ. A B 

Since 
AD^ -h DC2 + 2AD . DP 

= AB'- -t- BC- + 2AB . BQ 



B 




C 


A 


D 




C 




D 



and AD2 + Dc- + 2AD . DE = kb'' v be', 
it follows by taking these last equal 
quantities from the former that 

2AD.DP-2AD.de = 2AB.BQ ; 
and therefore BQ : EP (FG) : : AD : AB : : BC : PC 
(by construction). Consequently the triangles BCQ, PCG are similar, 
and therefore CQ : CG :: BC : PC;: AD : AB (by construction). Con- 
sequently CQ.AB = CG.AD, and hence, by adding CP.AD to each, 
we have 
CP . AD -H CQ . AB ( = twice the area ABCD) 

= CP . AD -H CG . AD = EP . AD = twice the given area, 
which is that by construction. 

It is to be noted that the problem becomes impossible wheii the two 
circles described from D and P as centres neither cut nor touch. 



12740. (Professor Orchard, M.A., B.Sc.) — Find the least number 
which, raised to the nth power, will have as factors 
n", (»i-l)"-', (n-2)"--, ..., 2-. 

Solution by Lt.-Col. Allan Cunningham, R.E. 

Let N be the least number sought, i.e. such that N" contains all the 

factors 1, 22, 3^ i-", ..., (?i-l)"-i, m" (A). 

Let L be the least common multiple of all the above factors (A), and 
p the highest prime factor in (A), and let 

L = 2*.3^.5'>' ... )'P ...^ (all prime powers). 

It is evident that L contains all the prime factors in (A), and that N 
must contain them also raised to certain powers, say, 

N = 2". .3^'. SI"' ..!■''' ...p^' . 

Then N may be formed from L by changing a, ,8, y, ... into 
a', a', y', ..by the following rules ; — 

(i) a, 0, y, ... are ui^per limits of a', B', y', ... respectively. 

(ii) Any exponent p prime to n gives p' = p. 

(iii) Any exponent p = n gives p' = 1. 

(iv) Any exponent p = kn gives p' = k. 

(v) Any exponent p having a factor g in common with n gives 
p' = p^g. [g = greatest common measure of p, «.] 

Ex. 1. — Take n = 5, a prime, giving L = 2''.8'. 5*. 
a, /8 are prime to n, y = n ; N = 2**. 3^. 5. 

Ex. 2.— Take n = 6, giving L = 2«.3^ 5\ 

a = G«, /3 = M, 7 prime to » ; N = 2^.3.5°. 
Ex. 3.— Take n = 8, giving L = 22<.3«.5».7^ 

a. = '3n ; ;3, n have g = 2 ; 7, 8 prime to »i ; N = 2^. 3^. 5°. V. 



QUESTIONS FOR SOLUTION. 

17220. (Professor Stegg.vll.) — A metal cup is to be made by forcing 
a circular lamina, radius unity, through a press in such a way that the 
flat circular bottom is not strained, while the conical side is formed by 
mere circumferential compression of the material. Pind the dimen- 
sions of the cup and the angle of its cone when its content is a 
maximum. 

17221. (SoLiDus.) — A regular prism of n sides whose circum- 
cylinder has radius a, rolls on a perfectly rough horizontal pl;ine. 
When the centre of gravity is vertically above an edge in contact with 
the plane, the angular velocity is wj, and when the centre of gravity is 
vertically above the next edge, it is 015. Prove 

a>2- = wy" a" — n- (1 — a-) , 
where D.' = [12g {l — cosir/n)]/[a (8 -I- cos2Tr/?i)], 

and a = (2 -I- 7 cos 2 1^/)^)/(8 -(- cos 27r/«) . 

Hence prove u-,^. = w^a-' — n- (1 — o^'). 

If «„ = 10 and g/a = 16 and n = 6, find the time during which it will 
roll, and the time during which it will oscillate, before coming to rest, 
also the distance it will roll. If the plane be inclined, find the inclina- 
tion necessary to keep it rolling indefinitely. 

17222. (C. M. Ross, B.A.)— If 

A =aiia:|"+ n.>ja;3- + ... + a,„iX„- + 2ai2XiX.,+ ... -f2(i„-i,„ x„^\x„, 
find the value of the multiple integral 

c •' dXidx-. ... dx,„ 

the integrations being in each case from — 00 to -I- co , and the co- 
efficients a, 11 "ffii •••. '" -^1 such that A is positive. [Extension of 
Question 17169.]' 

17223. (Professor Sanjana, M.A.) — Prove that, when iii<n and 

(« J.). . .» - 1 (^2; .^ sinma 

na < IT, , „ - , = — ■ 7- -■ • 

J x-" + 2x" cos 7ia + l nsm mT/n sin na 

17224. (Professor E. J. Nanson.)— If a,|6,. + a,6„_i -^ ... + a„iu = 0, 
except when 11 = 0, and A, B denote the per-symmetric determinants 
of orders 71 -h 1, n whose elements are n„, a, , a.,, . . . , a:„ ; i.;, 6-,, 64, . . . , 62,, 
respectively, then \b" = ( — 1)"B«,','* . 

17225. (T. Stuart, M.A., D.Sc.)— Investigate the validity of the 
following extension of Permat's " Last Theorem." The equation 

X^-hY* = Z" 

is insoluble in integers if A and pL are prime numbers, and 

A. > 4, M 5= 2. 



Jan. 1. 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



39 



17226. (Lt.-Col. Allan Cunningham, R.E.)— Give formula or rules 
for forming numbers N which shall be algebraically expressible in at 
least two of the forms 

N, = <,^-2«,-, N, = i2'-'-2tt2'', N3 = 2«3^ -/:,-, Nj = 2iO-V- 

17227. (J. J. Barniville, B.A.)— (1) Resolve j,-»-24.3s"' + 3'" and 
.E-"'±25Cx'° + 2'» each into four rational factors. 

(2) Resolve x^' + 5\t"' + 5' into the form (X + 5.r2)(X--25.T-)(X--5.T"). 

(3) Find the common factor of x' — x- + 4. and .r"'-17x^ + 16 ; and 
(i) of x' + 7x' + i, a,'>'-23x + 22, and a;" + a:-90. 

17228. (A. M. Nesbitt, M.A.) — Required a neat solution of 

ax f (a — b) y + {a — c) z = a^+ (i — c)', 
(i — a).i'+ b y+ (b-c) z = b- + (c - a)-, 
{c-a)x + {c — b)y+ c z = c' + ia — b)-. 

17229. (C.E.YouNGMAN.M.A.)— If TP, TQ, tangents to acardioide, 
meet at right angles (or at any constant angle) the locus of T will be 
part of the envelope of the circle TPQ. 

17230. (S. Nabayanan, B.A., L.T.)— Show that the triljnear equa- 
tion of an in-conic of a triangle ABC having a focus at {I, vi, n) is 

'S.la (vi- + n- + 2)?m cos A) = 0. 
(Cf. Question 14289.) 

17231. (N. Sankaea AiYAB.)—Anequilateral triangle ABC isformed 
by three tangents to a parabola at L, M, N. Show that the focus of 
the parabola lies on the ellipse which touches the sides of LMN at its 
middle points. 

17232. (M. T. Naraniengar, SI.A.)— If the normal at P meet the 
parabola in Q, and the normal at Q the axis in G, show that APQG is 
cyclic. 

17233. (Professor Neuberg.)— On doune une droite d situce dans 
un plan P et sur une perpendiculaire a ce plan (qui ne rencontre pas »i) 
deux points A, B. Trouver le lieu de I'orthocentre H d'un triangle 
ABC dont le sommet parcourt d. 

17234. (W. P. Beard, M.A.)— ABC is a triangle, 0, I its circum- 
and in-centres. The perpendicular from A on 01 meets the circle ABC 




at P, and the circle AlP meets AC, AB, at Y, Z. Prove 
AY.YC = AZ.ZB. 

17235. (R. P. Davis, M.A.)— Let OX, OY be given straight lines, 
and A, B given points. Find a geometrical construction for aline PAQ 
cutting OX, OY in P, Q respectively in such a manner that PA, AQ 
subtend equal angles at B. 

17233. (Professor Neubebg.) — On donne une droite d situee dans 
un plan P et sur une perpendiculaire a ce plan (qui ne rencontre pas m) 
deux points A,,'B. Trouver le lieu de I'orthocentre H d'un triangle 
ABC dont le sommet parcourt d. 

17236. (A. M. Nesbitt, M.A.)— Given two straight lines OA, OB, 
and a point C, show how to describe a triangle CAB similar to a 
given triangle RPQ. [The particular case where the point O is at 
infinity is not without interest.] 

17237. (Professor J. C. Swaminae.ayan, M.A.)— Prove that the 
following identities are true for all the values of x from to tt in- 
clusive : — 

,, , cos 3x cos 5x 

.(1) cos X + — p— -H -^— -(-. 

,n\ ■ sin 3x sin 5x 

,(2) smi + -g^-+ g^ +. 

,„, cos 3^ cosSx 

{6) cos X + — ~ — -f — — — + . 



= iT(|,r-a-), 

= |irx(ir-x), 

= i\n{iiT-xi{w- + 2,ix-'2x-), 



,,. sin 3a; sinSx 

(4) sm x+ ~ — + — . — + .. 

,„, cosSx . cos 5x , 

(5) cos,i'-l- + + .. 

3" 5* 

,„, . , sin 3x sin 5x , 

(6) sm X -H . — + — ^- + ■ , 

^ ' 3' 5' 



^gw x(Tr — x){Ti^+ TX — X-), 
4Bij(i'^-a;)('r- + ''X-X-)=, 



TTX(Tr — x) 
2880 



[37r< + 3 ^-'.i- - 2 ,r".r' - 2tx^ + x*] . 



OLD QUESTIONS AS YET UNSOLVED (IN OUR COLUMNS). 

2564. (M. Collins, B.A.) — A being a curve whose equation is given 
in the usual Cartesian rectangular co-ordinates, Bthe evolute of A, and 
C the evolute of B ; required a general differential expression lor the 
radius of curvature of C on the usual supposition of dx being taken 
constant, and likewise on the supposition of dx- + dy- (= d.i") being 
taKen constant. 

6090. (T. CoTTEBiLL, M.A.)— A curve U (order ni and class n) and 
a point Z not at mflnity are given on a plane. Take the pedal curve 
of a point of U to the point Z, and the antipodal of a tangent to U to 
the same point, and then find the order of the pedal if the curve U 
touches the circular asymptotes of Z and the line at infinity 2 times, 
and the class of the antipedal of U, if U passes S times through the 
origin and the circular points at infinity. A similar construction holds 
for oblique pedals. 

6530. (W. E. Wright, B.A.) — Two vertices of a given triangle 
move along a diameter of an ellipse and the periphery respectively ; 
find the locus of the third vertex. 

6576. (R. Tucker, M.A.) — An inkstand is formed 
of two conical frusta, placed as in the annexed cut ; 
the vertex of the inner frustum being at the centre of , ', 

the base. Given the radii of the three sections to be 
a, b, c, and the slant sides I,, L, find (1) howmuch ink 
the bottle will hold, so that, if it be inverted, no ink 
will be spilt, taking as a numerical example the radii 
1, I, 3 inches, and the slant sides 2, 1 inches respec- 
tftely ; and (2), given the sum of the slant sides con- 
stant, construct the inkstand of maximum capacity. 

6626. (Professor Sylvester, P.R.S.) — (1) If <t> is any rational func- 
tion of eo, investigate a method for determining the condition to which 
A. must be subject in order that \<p + l = shall have one or more real 
roots of a. lying between and 1. (2) If ip, i// are any two rational 
functions of u-, investigate a method for determining the condition to 
which A, fi must be subject m order that Aif> -H /ii|/ + 1 = shall have one 
or more real roots of to lying between and 1. 

6693. (E. W. Symons, M.A.) — A parabola has four-point contact 
with a given ellipse ; prove that its axis touches a polar reciprocal of 
the pedal of the evolute of a coaxial ellipse. 




NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS. 
It is requested that all Mathematical communications should be sent 
to the Mathematical Editor, 

Miss Constance I. Marks, B.A., 10 Matheson Road, West 
Kensington, W, 



" Mathematics from ' The Educational Times'" {with 
Additional Papers and Solutions).* Published by 
and to be had of Francis Hodgson, 89 Farringdon 
Street, E.G. Vol. XIX (New Series) now ready. 
Price, to Subscribers, 5s.; to No?i-Stcbscribers, 6s. 6d. 

• Hitherto styled liere the " Mathematical Reprint." 



THE LONDON MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY. 

At a Meeting, held on December 14, Messrs. A. Brown, Board, 
Airey, Mukhopadhyaya, Fields, were elected members. 

The following papers were communicated : — • 

Dr. J. W. Nicholson : On the Pressure of Radiation on a Cylindrical 
Obstacle. . ,_,,,. 

Mr. H. Hilton: On Hermitian Invariants of a Canonical Substi- 
tution. 

Prof. E. W. Hobson : On the Fundamental Lemma of the Calculus 
of Variations and on some Related Theorems. 

Prof. W. Burnside : On the Outer Isomorphisms of a Group. 

Dr. E. B. Stouffer: On Invariants of Linear Differential Equations. 

Prof. J. C Fields ; On a Method of proving certain Theorems re- 
lating to Adjointness. 



40 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Jan. 1, 1912. 



Telegrams: "Educational, London. 



Telephone: 3480 Central. 



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TEXT-BOOKS, MAPS, and DIAGRAMS SCHOOL HANDWORK, 8RUSHW0RK 



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vx^ 



V 



J 



THE 




EDUCATIONAL TIMES 



% 



AND 



S^ountvtl of tijf ColUgf of 13rfffptor<>. 



Vol. LXV.] New Series, No. 610. FEBRUARY 1, 1912. 



(Published 3IonfMy, price, to Kon- 
^ 3lembers, 6d. ,- by Post, Id. 
LAnnval Subscription, Is. 







OLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS. 

INCORPORATED BY ROYAL CHARTER, 



MEMBERS' MEETING. 

The next Monthly Jleetiu? of the Members will take 
place on Wednesday, the 21st of February, at 7 p.m.. 
when Professor J. Adams will read :i Paper on "The 
Middleman in Education : the Appearance of a Xew 
functionary." 

A discussion will follow the reading of the Paper. 

Membei-s have the privile§;e of introducing: their 
friends. 

LECTURES FOR TEACHERS. 

The First Course of Lectures (Fortieth Annual Series). 
>y Prof. J. ADAMS, M.A.. B.Sc, LL.D., F.C.P., on 
■ The Psychology essential to Etticient Work in 
s-hool," will commence on Thursday, February 8tli, 
i» 7 p.m. 

This Course will to a certain extent prepare for the 
1 : xaminations of the College in connexion with the Asso- 
. ;:iteship, the Licentiateship, and the Fellowship: but 
Us main purpose will be to present the facts of Psychol- 
v::y in such :i way as to enable the teacher to make use 
''f them in the practical work of the school. The work 
will be so arranged as to give the students an opportu- 
nity of comparing the results of their expeiience with 
tlie' latest results of psychological research into educa- 
tional processes. The Lectures will be illustrated by 
frequent references to the work in all classes of schools. 
For Syllabus, see page 46. 

The Lectures will be delivered on Thursday Evenings 
:it 7 o'clock, at the College, Bloomsbury Square, W.C. 

EXAMINATIONS. 

Diplomas.— The Summer Examination of Teachers 
for the Diplomas of the College will commence on the 
26th of August. 1912. 

Practica.1 Exa.mma.tion for Certificates of 
Ability to Teach.— The next Practical Examina- 
tion will be held in February, 1912. 

Examination of Foreign Teachers for 
Certificates of Proficiency in English. 
—These Examiuaiious may be held at any date. 

Certificate Examinations.— The Midsummer 
Kxamination for Certificates will commence on the 
25vh of June, 1912. 

Lower Forms Examinations. — The Mid- 
:sHmHier Examination will commence on the 25th uf 
jBOe, 1912. 

Professional Preliminary Examinations.— 
These Examinations are held in March and September. 
The Spring Examination in 1912 will commence on the 
5th of March. 

Inspection and Examination of Schools* 
—Inspectors and Examiners are appointed by the 
College for the Inspection and Examination of Public 
and Private Schools. 

The Regulations for the above Examinations can be 
obtained on application to the Secretary. 

C. R. HODGSON, B.A., Secretary. 
Bloomsbury Square, W.C. 



U^ 



NIVERSITT OF ST. ANDREWS. 



L.L.A. DIPLOMA FOR WOMEN. 

The attention of Candidates is drawn to the Ordinary 
and Honours Diplomas for Teachers, which are strongly 
recommended as suitable for those who are or intend to 
be teachers. 

Eiaininations are held at Aberdeen, BinainKham, 
Blackburn, Brighton. Bristol, Cardiff. Croydon, Devon- 
port, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Hull, Inverness, Leeds, 
Liverpool, London, Manchester, Newcastle-on-Tyne, 
Norwich, Nottingham, Oxford, St. Andrews, Sheffield, 
Swansea, and several other towns. 

Information re^jarding the Examinations may be ob- 
tained from the Secrbtaet LL.A. Scheme, The 
University, St. And-ews. 



OXDON 



COLLEGE OF 

(Incorporated.) 



MUSIC. 



Great Marlborough Sireei, Londos, "W. 

Patron: His GRACE THE Dike op Leeds. 

Dr. r. J. Kaen, Mns.Bac. Cantab., Principal. 

G. Augustus Holmes, Esq., Director of Examinations. 



EXAMINATIONS. LOCAL AND HIGHER. 

The NEXT EXAMINATION in PIANOFORTE, 
ORGAN, VIOLIN, SINGING, ELOCUTION, THE 
ORY of MUSIC, 4c., will be held in London and 
over 400 Local Centres in April, when Certificates will 
be granted to all successful candidates. The last day 
of Entry is Friday. Jlarch 15. 

The Higher Examinations for the Diplomas of Asso- 
ciate (A.L.C.M.), Licentiate (L.L.C.M.), the Teachers' 
Diploma (L.C.M.), and Fellowship (F. L.C.M.) take place 
in April (Pi-actical only), July, and December. 

Ne\t Local Centres may be formed; application 
for particulars should be made to the Secretary. 

School Centre examinations may also be arranged. 
Details in the special School Syllabus". 

SYLLABUS for 1912, with Annual Report and Forms 
of Entry, may be had of the Secretary. 

In the Educational Department students are received 
and thoroughl.v trained under the best Professors at 
moderate fees. The Sprini; Term beijan Januarv 8. 

A COURSE of TRAINING in Pianoforte and Singing 
for Teachers is held at the College. 

A SHORT SERIES of Lessons in special Subjects may 
be had at Vacation and other times. 

T. WEEKES HOLMES, Secretary. 



BRAZENOSE, STAMFORD. 
BOARDING SCHOOL FOR GIRLS. 

Principals: 
Miss Kelleti and Miss A. M. Kelleii, L.L.A. 

TRAINING DEPARTMENT in which 
students are prepared for the Cambridge Teachers' 
Dii)loma and National Froebel Union Examinations 
under higlily qualified Mistresses. Moderate fees. 



STANSFELD TRUST. 

"T^HE SCKLTIXEKR issues Reports 

J- on all Bills, Public and Private, as they are 
introduced into Parliament, that 

(1) Affect Men and Women differently ; 

(2) Are of special interest to Women ; 

(3) Deal with Children and Education. 
Subscription for one Session's Reports, 6s. 6d. post 

free: 5s. for each additional set of Reports sent >nth 
the tirst. 

Apply — Hon. Secretary. Kmarswood, Shortlands 
Kent. 



WOLSEY 

HALL, 

OXFORD. 



POSTAL TUITION 

For London University 
MATRIC. INTER., & FINAL 
BSc. B.Sc. Scon.'. B.D.. 



FREE GUIDE 

on apijlication to 
THE SECRETARY. 



B.A. 



MEDICAL SCHOOLS. 
GUVS HOSPITAL MEDICAL SCHOOL. 
MIDDLESEX HOSPITAL MEDICAL SCHOOL. 
LONDON HOSPITAL MEDICAL COLLEGE AND 

DENTAL SCHOOL. 
WESTMINSTER HOSPITAL MEDICAL SCHOOL. 
ROYAL DENTAL HOSPITAL. 
{For particulars of the above, see following pages.) 



TEAISING AND OTHER OOLLEQES, &c. 

UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 

UNIVERSITY COLLEGE, LONDON. 

ROYAL COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS OF EDIN- 
BURGH, ic. 

UNIVERSITY OF BRISTOL. 

UNIVERSITE DE RENNES. 

CAMBRIDGE TRAINING COLLEGE. 

ST. GEORGES TRAINING COLLEGE. 

MARIA GREY TRAINING COLLEGE. 

TRINITY COLLEGE, LONDON. 

LONDON CENTRAL INSTITUTE FOR SWEDISH 
GYMNASTICS. 

UNIVERSITY TUTORIAL COLLEGE. 

NORMAL CORRESPONDENCE COLLEGE. 

CLOUGH'S CORRESPONDENCE COLLEGE. 

CENTRAL TUTORIAL CLASSES. 

BIRKBECK COLLEGE. 

EDUCATIONAL HANDWORK ASSOCIATION. 

DENMARK HILL PHYSICAL TRAINING COL- 
LEGE. 

CHERWELL HALL. 
{For particuhirs of the above, see foil owing pages\) 



UNIVERSITY 
DEGREES. 

Graduates of other Universities, and those who have 
passed certain specified examinations— e.s.. The Oxford 
or Cambridge Senior Locals— are exempted from the 
Matriculation J'Jxamination of London University. 



FOR EACH OF THE LAST EIGHT YEARS 

ABOVE 

ONE THOUSAND 
STUDENTS 

OF 

IHniversit^ (Tori-espon^ence 
College 

PASSED 

LONDON UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS. 



fvcc (Buibes 

10 

MATRICULATION, INTER. ARTS, INTER. SCIENCE, 
B.A., B.Sc, and B.D., 

Post free from the Secretary, 
C. BURLINGTON HOUSE, CAMBRIDGE. 



42 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Feb. 1, 1912. 




T 



HE ASSOCIATED BOARD 

OF THE R.A.M. AND R.C.M. 
FOE LOCAL EXAMISATIOSS IN MUSIC. 

Patron: HIS MAJESTY THE KING. 



LOCAL CENTRE EXAMINATIONS (Syllabus A). 
Examinations in Theorv lield in March and November 
at all Centres. In Practical Subjects in March-April 
at all Centres, and in the Loudon District and certain 
Provincial Centres m November-December also. En- 
tries for the March-April Examinations close Wednes- 
day, February 7th, 1912 (or, with extra fee, Feb. 15th). 

SCHOOL EXAMINATIONS (Syllabus B), 
Held throughout the British Isles three times a year 
viz., March-April, June-July, and October-November. 
Entries for the March-.ipril Examinations dose Wed- 
nesday, January 31st, 1912 (or, with extra fee, Feb. 8th). 

Specimen Theory Papers set m past years (Local Centre 
or School) can be obtained on application. Price 3d. 
per set, per year, post free. 

The Board orters annuallv SIX EXHIBITIONS, 
tenable at the R.A.M. or R.C.M. for two or three years. 

Syllabuses A and B, entry forms and any further 
information will be sent post free on application to— 
JAMES MUIR, Secretaril. 

15 Bedford Square, London, W.C. 
Telegrams: "Associa, London." 



TJ 



NIVERSITY OF BRISTOL. 



Prospectuses and full particulars of any of the fol- 
lowing will be forwarded on application : — 
FACULTY OF ARTS. 
FACULTY OF SCIENCE. 

iNcr.UllING AfiHICfLTUEAL SCIENCE. 

FACULTY OF MEDICINE. 

Medicine and Surgery. Dental Surgery. 
Public Health. 

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING. 

Civil, Mechanical, Electrical, Motor 
Car Engineering. 

SECONDARY TRAINING DEPART- 
MENT. 

DAY TRAINING COLLEGES (Men and 
Women). 

HALLS OF RESIDENCE. 

SCHOLARSHIPS AND BURSARIES. 

EVENING CLASSES. 



ATHLETICS. 

The University .Athletic Ground is twelve acres 
in extent, and provision is made for Cricket, 
Footb:dl, Bowls, Hockey, and Tennis; in 
the last two cases for women as well as for 
men Students. 

JAMES RAFTER, Registrar. 



BIRKBECK COLLEGE, 

Breams 1Uii.I'IN<;:^, Chancery Lane, E.C. 
Principal: G. Armitage-Smith, JI.A., D.Lil. 

UNIVERSITY OF LONDON. 

Ct)rUSES OF STUDY (DAY AND EVENING) 

lor the Degrees of the Universitv in 

ARTS, SCIENCE, LAWS, ECONOMICS, 

conducted hy KECOGNIZED TEACHERS of the 

University. 
SUBJECTS.— Latin. Greek, English, French, German, 
Itnliim. (irn;,'raph.v, History, Logic, Economies, British 
L'onslitiitioii. MaUienmtics (Pure and AppUed), Chem- 
istry, Physics. Bot:iny, Zoology, Geology. 

Post-Graduate and Research Work. 
Particulars on application to tlie Secretary. 



CHER WELL HALL, OXFORD. 
TRAINING COLLEGE FOR WOMEN 
SECONDARY TEACHERS. 
Recognized by the Board of Education, by the 
Oxford University Delegacy for Secondary Training, 
and by the Cambridge Syndicate. 

Principal — W\s3 Catherine I. Dodd, M.A. 

(lato Lecturer in Education, Manchester University). 

Students are prepared for the Oxford and London 

'leacher's Diploma and the Cambridge Teacher's 

Certificate. 

Fees for the Course from £65. 

Scholarships of from £40 to £20 open to Students with 
a degree on enti'y. There is a Loan Fund. 



THE CAMBRIDGE TRAINING 
COLLEGE FOR WOMEN. 
Recognized by the Board of Education as a Training 
College for Secondary Teachers. 
Principal : Miss M. H. Wood, M.A., Litt.D. 
Classical Tripos, Cambridge, Girton College. 
k residential College providing a year's professional 
training for Secondary Teachers. 

Preparation for the London and the Cambridge 
Teachers' Diploma. Ample opportunity for practice 
in teaching science, languages, mathematics, and other 
subjects. Fees £75 and £65. Admissions in January and 
September. 
Present Terra began on January 13th. 
For particulars of admission, scholarships, bursaries, 
and loan fund apply— The Principal, Training College, 
Wollaston Road, Cambridge. 



MARIA GREY TRAINING COL- 
LEGE FOK WO.MEN TEACHERS in HIGH, 
SECOND.ARY, and PREPARATORY SCHOOLS. 



Principal: Miss Alice Woods, 
Girton College, Moral Science Tripos. 

Students admitted in January and September to pre- 
pare for the London and Cambridge Teachers' Diplomas 
and the Higher Certificate of the National Froebel 
Union. SCHOLARSHIPS (from £15 to £30) ottered 
to Candidates with a degree or its equivalent, in Sep- 
tember 1912. 

•WINKWORTH HALL OF RESIDENCE, 217 
Chevening Road, Brondesbury. For Students attending 
the Maria Grey College. 

Warden: Mrs. H. M. Fklkin. 



UNIVERSITY OF LONDON, UNIVERSITY COLLEGE. 



THE Second Term of the Session 
1911-12 in the FACULTIES of ARTS. SCIENCE, 
MEDICAL SCIENCES, and ENGINEERING began 
on January 9th, and in LAWS on January 15th. Thf 
Session 1912-13 will begin on or about October 1st. 
Intending students are invited to communicate with 
the Provcst as soon as possible. 

ENTRANCE SCHOLARSHIPS. 

Examinations fur the Andrews and West Entrance 
Sfholarsliips m the Fanilties of ARTS, SCIENCE, and 
ENlTlNKEiUNi; Will >.ei;in on May 28th. Examin- 
:itj.iii,s lor Kniiantv Scholarships in the FACULTY of 
MEDICAL SCIENCES (Hucknill, 135 fiuineiis ; Two- 
Exhibitions, 55 guineas each) begin on July 16th. 

Prospectuses of the College in all Faculties, and 
particulars of Post-graduate and Research work, can bn 
obtained on application to 

WALTER W. SETON, M.A., 

Secretary. 
University College, London. 
(Gower Street.) 



There are some Bursaries for Students with degrees. 
The Loan Fund is available for all Students requiring it. 

The Hall is situated on high ground, close to the 
College and within one minute's walk of the Brondes- 
bury Park Station on the North London Railway. 

For particulars apply to the Principal, the Warden, 
or at the College, Sahisbury Road, Brondesbury, London, 
N.W. 



ST. G E O R G E'S TRAINING 
COLI>EGE FOR WOMEN TEACHERS IN 
INTERMEDIATE AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS, 
EDINBURGH. 

Principal: Miss Elizabeth Stevenson. B. A., ClassiciU 
Tripos, Cambridge ; Girton College. 

This College, which is recognized by the Scotch 
KdiK'ution Department and by the Cambridge Teachers' 
Tiauiing Syndicate, provides a professional ti-aining for 
well educated women who intend to teach, and prepares 
students for the ccrtiticates of the Scotch Education 
Department and the Cambridge Teachers' Ti-aining 
Syndicate. Studentsattend the lectures of the Professor 
of Education of Edinburgh University, 

The College also prepares a limitetl nuinlier of students 
for the Higher Certificate of the National FYoebel Union. 

Certain Bursaries are awarded to graduates, and there 
is a Loan Fund. 

Prospectus and further particulars from the Princi- 
pal, 5 Melville Street, Edinburgh. 



UNIVERSITE DE RENNES (France). 

FRENCH COURSE for FOREIGNERS 

OF BOTH SEXES. 

WINTER TERM: From 15 Nov. to 15 Feb. 

SUMMER TERM : From 1 March to 8 June. 

Diplomas. 

Diplomes de Langue et Litt6i'ature Francaises ; Doctorat. 

Reduction of 50 % on railway fares from Dieppe or 

Calais to Rennes. Apply for Prospectus to 

Prof. Fedillerat, Faculte des Lettres, Renues. 



ABERDARE HALL, CARDIFF.— 
RESIDENCK FOR WOMEN STUDENTS 
OF THE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE (^F SOUTH 
^yALES AND MONMOUTHSHIRE. 

Principal : Miss Kate Hurlbatt. 
Fees £42. 10s., £37. 10s., and £32 per annum. College 
tuition fees £12 per annum. Scholarships of £25 and 
£20, and Exhibitions of £10. awarded on the result of 
Scholarship Examination of University College, CardilT, 
to be held in April. Students prepare for the B.A. anil 
B.Sc. Degrees of the L'niversity of Wales, and a Medical 
School and Department for Secondary, Elementary, 
and Kindergarten Ti-aining are attached' to the College. 
Students with recognized academic qualilications can 
enter in October or January, for one year's Secondary 
Training Course. Apply to the Principal. 



SQUARE, 



DENMARK HILL PHYSICAL 
TRAINING COLLEGE FOR TEACHERS, 
LONDON, S.E. 
(a) EDUCATION \L SECTION 
for Englisli and Swedish Gymnastics and Spi-rts. 
(i) REMEDIAL SECTION 
for Massage and Remedial Swedish Movements. 
Principal: Miss E. Spklmak Stanger, M.B.C.P.E. 
and S.T.M., Sunray Avenne, Denmark Hill, S.E. 



GORDON HALL, GORDON 

London, VI.C. 

HALL OF RESIDENCE FOR LADIES. 

GORDON HALL was specially built 
as a Hall of Residence for University Students. 
It is beautifully situated opposite one of the linest West 
End Squares. All the rooms are large, lofty, li^ht, and 
C(;mfortably furnished. 

Full Board and Residence from 35*s. per week. 
Friends sharing room, on reduced terms. 
Vacation boarders received (July to September). 
Apply— The Principal. 



Educational Handwork Association. 

President— 'Vhv Right Hon. A. H. Dykl Aclanj). 



Sununer Courses 

I.\ ALL 11KAXCHES Of 

EDUCATIONAL HANDWORK 

WILL 1!K HELD AT 

SCARBOROUGH 

from July 29th to August 24th, 1912. 

Students :irp prepared for the Kxaininations of tlie 
BOARD OF EXAMINATIONS FOR EDUCATIONAL 
HANDWORK and the CITY AND GDILDS OF LONDON 
INSTITUTE hy specially qualilied Teachers. 

Hostel accoiuniodation pi'OA'ided. 

l''or p:irliciiiars wrile to .1. Spittle, Hon. Sec 
20 Water Street, HudtlerslieUl. 



A 



L E X A N D R A HALL, 

ABERYSTWYTH. 

RESIDENCE (under exceptionally healthful con- 
ditions) for Women Students of the University 
College oi^ Wales. 

FEES.— 30 to 45 guineas per session of about32 weeks. 
Students pursue Degree Courses in Arts or Science. A 
complete Course of Secondary Training (Recognized) for 
Univ. (tmduates in preparation forTeachers' Diplomas. 

P'arlv application should be made to the Warden^ 
Miss E. A. FE WINGS. 



JOINT AGENCY FOR WOMEN TEACHERS, 

74 Gower Street, London, W.C. 

(Under the management of a Committee appointed by 

the Teachers' Guild, College of Preceptors, Heaii 

Mistresses' Association, Association of Assistant 

Mistresses, and Welsh County Schools Association.) 

THIS Agency has been established for 
tbo purpose of enabling Teachers to find work 
without unnecessary cost. All fees have therefore 
been calculated on the lowest basis to cover the 

working expenses. 

No Registration Fees are charged to members of the 
above Associations, and their Commissions are reduced. 

Hours for Interviews: 

11 a.m. to 1 p.m., and 3 to 5 p.m. ; 
Saturdays, 11 a.m. to 1 p.m., and 2 to 3 p.m. 

When possible, special appomtmenis should b& 
arranged. 

Registrar, Miss ALICE M. FOUNTAIN. 



Feb. 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES 



43 



ALEX. W. BAIN, B.A., B.Sc. 'Hons.), 
F.I.C, F.C.S., 

l'MVKi:sriY Tn..!!. I.ki rvKKR. ivn Examinkr. 

MATRICULAimN, INTER. ARTS & SCIENCE, 
AND DECREE EXAMINATIONS, 

PROFESSIONAL PRELIMINARY 

AND DIPLOMA EXAMINATIONS. 

I):i,v Mild Eveiiinf; flosses. Private and Correspondence 

Tuition at lowest possible fees. 

23 years' iiiibroken record of over 2,000 successes. 

CORRESPONDENCE COURSES for MATRICULATION 

ai.d INTER. ARTS and SCIENCE can he coniniencid 

SPECIAL MORNING and EVENING MATRICULA- 
TION CLASSES, and AFTERNOON PROFESSIONAL 

PRELIMINARY CLASS. 
PRIVATE TUITION at all times for all Examinations. 

Prospect ns and all particulars from— 
Mk. ALE.\. \V. liAlX, B..\., B.Sc, F.I.C, 
The Central Tutorial Classes, 
Vernnn House, 

.Sicilian .\venue, Blooinsbur.v Square, W.C. 



NORMAL 

FREE GUIDES, 



(Untvereits ^utoriaf Coffege, 

LONDON. 

(Affiliated to University Cum.sponilence CvUeije.) 



Da^ an^ lEvenino Classes 

FOR 

MATRICULATION. 



These Guides are supplied gratis to all who 
mention this paper and state they intend sitting 
for examination. 

NORMAL 



Free Guides. 

^^"~~^^"^^^^ P.4GES 

Oxford & Camb. Local 128 

A.C.P. 90 

L.C.P. 98 

Matriculation (London) 92 

Matriculation (Wales) 72 

Northern Matric. ... 60 

Froebel Guide 56 

L.L.A. Guide 72 

Preliminary Cert. ... 120 

Certificate 100 

Trsttninnials from hundreds 
of successful pupils sent on 
application, 

NORMAL CORR. COLLEGE, 

47 Melford Ro.tD, East Dulwich, S.E., and 
110 .Vtondale Square, Londos, S.E. 



Classes can be taken up at any time at pro- 
portionate fees. 



JVL6SS1*S 

TRUMAN & KNIGHTLEY. 

LTD., 

@6iicationaC Jl^eitfs, 

158 to 162 OXFORD STREET, 
LONDON, W. 

D irectors ; 

S. A. TRUMAN. F. E. KNIGHTLEY. 

JAMES KEAED, B.A. 

(Trinity College, Cambridge) 

Telegrams -"TUTORESS, LONDON." 
Telephone -No. 1136 City. 

Thif Agmicy it under dlttinguinhed piilronage, 

including that of thf frincipnlH of 

many of our tending Schools. 

A.— EMPLOYMENT DEPARTMENT. 



PRIVATE TUITION. 

Private tuition n.ay be olitained. either during Term 
or the ordinar.v School Vacations, in all subjects for 
London University and other Examinations. 



Since University Tutorial College icas established 
in 1SS9 over 6,000 Students of the Collerje have passed 
London University Examinations. 



Full particulars may be had, post free, from 
THE PRINCIPAL, 

University Tutorial College, 

Red Lion Square, Holborn, W.C. 



LAUSANNE. 



CORRESPONDENCE TUITION, 
Classes or Private Lessons in all Subjects for all 
Eiaminatious, &c., at moderate fees. Special tuition 
for Medical Prelims, and Diploma Exams. Many 
recentsuccesses.— F. J. Bokland, B.A., L.C.P. (Science 
and Math. Prizeman), Victoria Tutorial College, 
28 Buckingham Palace Road, S.W. ; and Stalheim, 
Brunswick Road, Sutton, Surrey. 
Schools visited and Examinations conducted. 



A 



NGLO-SWISS INSTITUTE 

HIGH-CLASS SCHOOL FOR SONS OF 
GENTLEMEN. 



(!) ASSISTANT MASTERS & TUTORS. 
MESSRS. TRUM.\N it KNIGHTLEY intro- 
duce University and other qualified ENGLISH 
and FOREIGN MASTERS and TUTORS to 
Schools and Private Families. 

(ii) ASSISTANT MISTRESSES. 

MESSRS. TRUMAN 4 KNIGHTLEY intro- 
duce University, Trained, and other qiialifled 
ENGLISH andFOREIGN LADY TEACHERS 
to Girls' and Boys' Schools. 

(iii) LADY MATRONS AND HOUSE- 
KEEPERS. 

MESSRS. TRUMAN & KNIGHTLEY intro- 
duce well qualified and experienced L.\DY 
MATRONS, HOUSEKEEHhKS, and HOUSE 
MISTRESSES to Boys' and Girls' Schools. 

No charge is made to Principals, and no charge 
of any kind is made to candidates unless an en- 
gagement be secured through this Agency,' when 
She terms are moat reasonable. 



V 



MRS. BMIL BEHNKE. 

OICE TRAINING for SPEAKING. 

.'.uthor of the - SPEAKING VOICE " 
(Curwen, Ltd.). 
STAMMERING and all other Speech and Voice 
Defects cured. 

Author of "STAMMERING," "CLEFT PAL.VTE 
SPEECH," " LISPING," by post Is. IJd. 

18 Earl's Court Square, Loxdox. 

MATRON of BOYS' BOARDING 
SCHOOL, desiring a change, seeks similar 
position elsewhere. Tall, stronp:. Age 34. ^ Several 
years' experience in good schools. Ex. Test's. Free 
end of I'ebruary, — C, Oakroyd, 2 Lingard Street, 
liarnsley. 



Best in Switzerland. Limited number. Special in- 
dividual attention given to each boy. English system. 
Home life. 

French spoken throughout. 

References : H. W. Faire, lOsq., 168 A^'est Hill, Putney 
Heath, London; H.B.M. Consul, A. Galland, Esq., 
Lausanne ; R. Courtneidge, Y.sq., Shaftesbury Theatre, 
London ; .Vi-. .<;c. 



SOUTH COAST: LITTLE- 
H.IMPTON.— Excellent School Premises within 
two minutes of the Sea, containing 3 Reception rooms, 
14 Bedrooms, hot and cold Bath, Schoolroom 30 ft. by 
20 ft. 3 in.. TO BE LET ON LEASE, for lony or short 
term, at strictly modeni'e rental. Further particulars 
of Sparks & Son, Auctioneers, Littlehampton, 



1912 COMPETmON OF 

ESSAYISTS^R.S.P.C.A. 

NOTICE TO PRINCIPALS OF LONDON SCHOOLS. 

All papers relating to this year's Competition 
for Prizes, given by the Royal Society for 
THE Peevestion of Cruelty to Animals, for 
the best Essays on the Duty of Kindness to 
.•\nimals, were issued on December 13, 1911. 
The only addresses of Private and other Schools 
available to the Society are derived from London 
and Suburban Directories, covering a radius of 
twenty miles from Charing Cross. 

In the event of no delivery of papers having 
been made liy post, I shall be glad to send 
parcels on receipt of appUcations from Princip.als . 

No Essay received after February 29th next. 

I E. G. PAIRHOLME, 

Sccretaril. 

1 105 Jermj'U Street, St. James's, S.W. 



B.— SCHO OL TRANSFER DEPARTMENT. 

A separate Department, under the direct 
management of one of the Principals, is devoted 
entirely to the negotiations connected with 
the Transfer of Schools and Introduction of 
Partners. 

MESSRS. TB,UMAN & KNIGHTLEY, being 
in close and constant communication with the 
Principals of nearly all the chief Girls' and 
Boys' Schools in the United Kingdom, to many 
of whom they have had the privilege of acting 
as Agents, and having on their books always a 
large number of thoroughly genuine Schools 
tor Sale and Partnerships to negotiate, as well 
as the names and requirement's of numerous 
would-be purchasers, can offer unusual facilities 
for satisfactorily negotiating the TRANSFER of 
SCHOOLS, and arranging PARTNERSHIPS. 



No ch arge is made to Purchasers. 
All communications and inquiries are treated 
in the strictest confidence. 

C— PUPILS' DEPARTMENT. 

MESSRS. TRUMAN & KNIGHTLEY have 
a carefully organized Department for the 
introduction of Pupils to Schools and other 
Educational Establishments. No charge is 
made for registration. 

Any negotiations entrusted to MESSRS. TRUMAN & 
KNIGHTLEY receive prompt and careful attention, 
1 every effort being made to save oiientr as miich 
time and trouble as possible. 

1 Full particulars will be forwarded oh application. 



4-t 



THE EDUCATIONAL TlivlES. 



[Feb. 1, 1912. 



THE 



MIDDLESEX HOSPITAL 

MEDICAL SCHOOL. 

A SCHOOL OF THE UNI\/ERSITY OF 
LONDON. 



The Hospital and Medical School are fully 
equipped for teaching the entire curriculum, 
including instruction in Xtaternitv Wards which 
hi. re recenth- been ad. led to the Hospital. 



HOSPITAL APPOINTMENTS. 

In addition to Clerkships and Dreesersliips, 
S.xteen Resident Appointments are annually 
open to all General Students. Aho Medical, 
Surgical, and Obstetric Registrars are appointed 
annually. 

SCHOLAUSHIPS AND PRIZES. 

Scholarships and Prizes to the value of over 
£1000 are awarded annually. 

Full particulars may be obtained on appli- 
cation to 

E. CAMPBELL THOMSON, M.D., F.R.C.P., 
Dean of the Medical School, 

Middlesex Hospital, London, W. 



OUY'S HOSPITAL MEDICAL 

KJi SCHOOL. 

(UNIVERSITY OF LONDON.) 

The SU3IMER SESSION will begin on Jlay 1st, 1912. 

(Students who have recentl.v passed the College of 
PivfHi.t.irs' Examination are advised to enter forthwith 
In iiri-niirH for the Conjouit Examinations in Jul.v next.) 

The Hospital contains 618 Beds, which are in constant 

'""eNTrTnCE SCHOLARSHIPS.-Five Scholarships 
will be competed for in September, 1911. Two m Arts, of 
the value of £100 and £50. and three in Science, of the 
value of £120, £60. and £50. Students who enter m 
Slav if otherwise eligible, are able to compete. 

APPOINTJIENTS.— Hcisiiital appointments are made 
strictiv in accordance Willi the merits of the Candidates, 
and without extra pHyiiient. 

DENTAL SCHOOL.— A recoiinized Dental School is 
attached to the Hospital, which affords to Students all 
the instruction required fora Licence in Dental Siir!!er.v. 

PRIZES AND SCHOLARSHIPS are awarded to 
Students in their various jears, amounting in the 
aggregate to more than £620. 

RESIDENTIAL COLLE(^E.-The Residential Col- 
lege accommodates about 50 Students in addition to the 
Resident Stall of the Hospital. It contains a large 
Dining Hall, Reading Room, Libiur.v, and G.vmnasium 
for the use of the Students' Club, 

lor Prospectus, particulars of the Scholarships, and 
further information, appl.v to the Dean, I)r, H.L. E.isox, 
Guv's Hospital, London Ibirige, S. E. 



rHE ROYAL DENTAL HOSPITAL 
OF LONDON, 
Leicester Square, London, 'W.O. 

The'tt'INTER SESSION, 1911, opened Monday, 
October 2nd. 



The new Hospital was opened m 1901. The School is 
thoroughl.v equipped for teaching purposes, including 
a Teaching Mtsevm and a Librakt; Chemical, 
riiYSiCAL, Metalluegicai., and Histological 
I ABORATOEIES; Departments for Bacteriology and 
Radiography. The Clinic of the Hospital is un- 
rivalled, the work being carried on in rooms excep- 
tionally spacious and well fitted. 

SCHOLARSHIPS AND PRIZES, 
The Entrance Scholarship in Dental Mechanics 
of £25, Open only to Pupils of Private Practitioners. 
The Saunders Scholarship of £20. 
The Storer-Bennett Scholarship of £50. 
Tlie Alfred Wooduouse Scholarship of £35. 
The Robert Woophouse Scholarship of £10. 
Sixteen Class Prizes. 
Five House Surgeons appointed every six months. 

DENTAL MECHANICS. 

The Laboratories occupy an entire flocir of the building 
«nd are well fitted. Pupils can join at any time for 
the two years' tmining in Dental Mechanics sjieci- 
fied in the' Curriculum, or Pupils of Hrivate Practi- 
tioners FOR A suoRTER PERIOD. The Pupils attend 
the Courses of Chemistry and Physics in the School. 
Special Lectures being given on those subjects bearing 
<>n Dental Surgery. 

SPECIAL SCHOLARSHIPS. 

Ooen only to those joining for the two .vears' in Dental 
Mechanics and subsequent two years' Hospital Course. 

ANBNTRANCESCHOLARSHIPOf£50'lnl,p„i„t„.. Phvsics 
ANENTRANCESCHOLARSHIPOt£25f^'"'°"^">-™-"'<^- 

A Scholarship of £25. Awarded after two years' 
mechanical training. Metallurgy and Dental Mechanics. 
Examinations will be held September 21st and 22nd. 
For further particulars, applv 

The Dean. 



WESTMINSTER HOSPITAL 
MEDICAT, SCHOOL 
(UNIVERSITY OF LONDON), 
Broad Sanctuary and Caxton Street, S.W, 

The Summer Session begrins on April 22nd. 

Special Terms given to Sons nf MeJicnl Men. 

ENTRANCE SCHOLARSHIPS. 
On April 16th and 17lh the following Scholarships 
may be competed tor by students entering in the 
Summer Session :— , „, . 

Governors' Scholarship (lor Chemistry and Physics ), 

£40, 
Two Scholarships in Anatomy and Physiology, 
£50 each. 
For Prospectus and further particulars, apply to 

E. D. MACNAMARA, F.R.C.P., Dean. 



EDUCATIONAL AGENCY. 

(Established over 70 ^ears.) 
Proprietors : — 

Messrs. GRIFFITHS, SMITH, POWELL & SMITH. 

Offices :— 34 Bedford Street, Strand ; and 
22 Henrietta Street, Covent Garden, London, W.C. 



LONDON HOSPITAL 

MEDICAL COLLEGE AND DENTAL SCHOOL. 

THE S U M U E R S E S S I N 
OPENS on MAY 1st. 

The HOSPITAL is the largest in England, and, being 
situated in the East End of London, the advantages to 
be gained bv students aie exceptional. 

The MEDK'Al, COLLEGE and DENTAL SCHOOL 
are eouipiied to meet all motlern requiietnents. 

RKSRARCH FINDS uf over £20,000 give unrivalled 
facilitll■^ fnr iiic-dir:il research. 

.^I'l'OlXTMl'.NTS. — 137 Appointments are made 
anniiallv in llu' Hospital from men newly qualified. 

Sl'lllil.ARSHIPS and PRIZES. — Thirty-seven 
Scholarships and Prizes are awarded annually. In 
September Seven Entrance Schohirslups are offered, 
for which students entering in May are elijiilile. 

Flourishing Chilis' Union, Athletic Ground. Students' 
Hostel, &c. 

For prospectus and full information apply to 

WILLIAM WRIGHT, Dean. 

London Hospital Medical College. Mile End. E. 



EUYAL COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS 
OF EDINRURGH, ROYAL COL- 
LEGE OF SURGEONS OF EDINRUKGH, 
c% ROYAL FACULTY OF PHYSICIANS 
& SURGEONS OF GLASGOW. 

Copies of Regulations for the Triple Qualification of 
this Board iL.R.C.P.E., L.R.C.S.E., and L.R,r.P. & 
S.G.), containing dates of Professional Examinations for 
year 1912, Curriculum, &c., may be had on application 
to James Robertson, Solicitor, 54 George Square. 
Edinburgh, Inspector and Treasurer for Edinburgh: or 
from Alexander Duncan, B..\,, LL.D,, Faculty Hall, 
242 St, Vincent Street, Glasgow, Iiisjiector and Treasurer 
for tilasgow. 



TeJegrapldc Address : 
Telephone . 



-" Scholasque, London.' 
-7021 Gerrard, 



SrhoUtfitic. 

Head Masters and Principals of Public and 
Private Schools desirous of engaging qualified and 
well recommended English or F'oreign Resident, Non- 
resident, or Visiting Assistant Masters, can have eligible 
Candidates introduced to them ifrec of charge) by 
stating their requirements to Messrs. Griffiths, 
Smith, Powell 4 Smith, 

A List of Easter (1912) Vacancies will be 
forwarded on apiilication to Graduates and other 
well qualified Assistant Masters seeking appoint- 
ments for next term. 

Schools Transferred and Valued. Partner- 
ships arranged. No cbarg'e unless sale 
effected. List of Boys' and of Girls' Schools 
and School Partnerships for Sale, sent Gratis 
to intending- Purchasers, TO WHOM NO 
COMMISSION IS CHARGED. 

A.'tsistd u f ->/ isfre.ise.'i. 

Head Mistresses and Principals of Public 
and Private Schools requiring- English or 
Foreign Assistant Mistresses can, on appli- 
cation to Messrs. GBIFPITHS, SMITH, 
FO-WELI. & SMITH have suitable Candidates 
placed in immediate communication with 
them free of charge. 

A List of Easter (1912) Vacancies will be 
forwarded to English and Foreign Assistant 
Mistresses and other Teachers on applica- 
tion. Liberal Salaries. 



ASSISTANT ]\rASTKR wanted for 
GUILDFORD CHURCH OF EXUUAND 
GRAMMAR SCHOOL, PE RT H, W EST E RN 
Al'STRALIA. Cluircliiiian, p;mduate of Oxford or 
C;niil)ridge in Mathematical Honours at least, and a 
Pnltlic School man. He vill be required to teach 
Miitliematical and Elementary Science, and to take 
general Form work. Athletic ability desii-able. Salary 
(resident) from £220, according to qualifications. 
Second-class passaee out provided by mail-boat. Apply, 
statinff full particulars, to the Rev. Canon Deed, D.D., 
The Viearanre. Nuneaton. 



Now Ready. 
Sixty-second Edition. Price 2s. 

'FHE CHILD'S GUIDE TO 

X KNOWLEDGE. 

B.v A Lady. 

The Original and Authori'/ed Edition brought down to 

the present time. 

London : 

SlMFKIX, :MARSn.4I.L, H.IMILTON, Kest, & Co., Ltd, 



BOOKS ! 



for all Examinations 
■and on all Subjects. 



SECOND-HAND at HALF PRICES! 

Thousjuids of new and second-hand Books. New at 25^J 
Diseount. Cataloii:iies free ; state wants. Books bought. 

W, & 6. FOYLE, 135 Charing Cross Road, London, W.C. 



New Edition. 18uio, price 9d. 

THE ELEMENTS OF BOOK- 
KEEPING, b.v Single and Double Entry, 
with Practic'ul Explanations and Exercises on the most 
useful Forms for Business, li.v A. K. ISBISTER, M.A. 
LoxiioN : LoNGM.iNs & Co., Patersostek Row, E,C, 



TRINITY COLLEGE OF MUSIC (Instituted 1872) 

Chairman of Board : SIR FREDKKUK RRIDGE, C.V.O., M.A., Mus.D. 
Director of Studies : G. E. IJAM BRIDGE, F.T.C.L., F.R.A.M. 
Director 6/ Examinations : C. W. PEARCE, Mus.D. 
Students may enter at any time, and are received for a sing-le su>)ject or the 
course. Day and Evening'instruction, also by correspondence in Theoreticjtl 
subjects. Thirty Open Scholarships tenable at the College, entitling holders to 
free tuition. Prospectus on application— 

SHELLEY FISHER, Secretary, 
Mandoville Place, Manchester Square, London, W. 




SWITZERLAND. 

Villa Thamina, La Tour de Peilz. 

Xi ar Motif rei(A\ on Lake of Genera. 
JlMK RAKIDON, widow of French Clergy- 
man, receives Girl Pupils. Bright 
home life. French only spoken. Excellent 
Professors. Central heuting. Summer and 
Winter Sports. Prospectus with references 
and views. Inclusive terms, £18 for three 
months. 



Feb. 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



4-3 



UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. 

Chancellor: The Rifjht Hon. A. J. BALFOUR. M.P., D.C.L., LL.D., &c. 

Rector : The Riyht Hon. THE EARL OF MIXTO. P.C., G.C.M.G. 

Principal and Vice-Chancellor : Sir "WILLIAM TURNER, K.C.B., D.C.L.. LL.D.. D.Sc. M.B.. &c. 

Secretary of Senatus : Professor Sir LUDOVIC J. GRANT, Bart., B.A., LI>.D. 



The Winter Session begins about the beginninja: of October and closes about the middle of .March : the Summer Session extends from about the beginning 
of 5Iay to July. 

The University embraces Six Faculties, viz. : Arts, Science, Divinity, Law, Medicine and Surgery, and IVIusic, in all of which full instruction 
is given and Degrees are conferred. There are many dilTerent avenues to the Arts Degrees, the graduation subjects embracing English, History, Modem 
Languages, Science, itc, besides Ancient Languages, Philosophy, Mathematics, &c. The widening of the Arts Curriculum permits, to a greater extent than formerly, 
the Combination of Arts, Science, Medical or Special Studies, and it has been shown by successes of Edinburgh students in the Civil Service Examinations that 
it is possible to combine study for Degrees in Arts, Science, or Law with prepaiution for this and other Special Examinations. In addition to the Ordinary and 
Honours Degrees in Arts, the Higlier Degrees of D.Litt., D.Phil., and D.Sc. are conferred. A Schoolma>ter's Diploma of two grades is conferred : viz., a Secondary 
School Diploma for ^Masters of Aits with Honours, and for Graduates in Pure Science, and a General Diploma for those wlio have taken the ordinary 
Degree of 51. A. or tlie Degree of B.Sc. The Secondary School Diploma is recognized by the English Board of Education as qualifying for Registration as a Secondary School 
Teacher. The General Diploma is recognized by the English Board of Education and the Scotch Education Department as qualfying for employment in State-aided 
Schools. Education in Military Subjects is given in connesion witli tlie scheme of allotnierit of Army Commissions to Gi-aduates of the University, Degrees in Science 
(B.Sc. and D.Sc.) may be taken m Pure Science, Engineering, and in Public Health, and the Degree of B.Sc. in Agriculture and in Forestry. 
There are fully equipped Science Laboratories, and other necessary appliances, lu all these Departments. The curriculum in Divinity alYords a thorough training in 
Theological subjects, and in Hebrew, Arabic, and Syriac. The Degi-ee of Bachelor of Divinity (B.D.) is conferred. The Law Faculty, besides furnishing the professional 
equipment necessary for those mt ending to pi-actise in Scotland, contains Chairs in .Jurisprudence and Public International Law. Constitutional Law and 
History. Roman Law, and PoHtical Economy, as also Lectureships in other important branches of Law. and is thus adapted for students preparing for the Civil Service 
Examinations, and for leg-al. pohtical, and administi-ative appointments generally. The Degrees of Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.) and Bachelor of Law (B.L.) are conferred. 
The Faculty of Medicine has a full curriculum in Medicine and Surgery, and is equipped with very extensive Laboratories and all other necessary appliances for 
Pi-acticjil Teaching. Ample facilities are afforded for Cliniciil Instruction at the Royal Infirmary, Maternity Hospital, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Hospital 
lor Infectious Diseases, and Royal Asylum for the Insane. Four Degrees in Medicine and Surgery are conferred by the University, viz. : Bachelor of Medicine (M.B.), 
Bachelor of Surgery (Ch.B.), Doctor of Medicine (M.D.), and Master of Surgery (Ch.JI.),and these Degrees qualify for practice throughout His Majesty's dominions, 
and for admission to the Naval. Military, and other Public Medical Services in the United Kingtlom. A Diploma in Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 
(D.T.M. & H.) is conferred on Graduates in Medicine of the University. A University Certificate in Tropical Diseases is also conferred on qualified 
Medical Practitioners who have attended Courses in the University on practical Bacteriology and Tropica,! Diseases, In Music also there is a full course of study for 
graduation, and tlie Degrees of JIus.B. and Mus.D. are conferred. 

The University Staff consists of 41 Professors, 62 Lecturers, and over 50 Assistants and Demonstrators. The annual amount available for Fellowships, Scholarships, 
Bursaries, Prizes, &c., is about £18.660. Facilities are afforded for research in scientific and other subjects. 

Women may attend the Classes m Arts. Science, Divinity, Law, and Music, and they are admitted to graduation in Arts, Science, Law, Jledicine, and ]\Iusic, the 
training for Degrees in Medicine being afforded by well equipped extra-academical Schools. 

Information regarding Matriculation, the Curricula of Study for Degrees, &c.. the Examinations for Fellowships, Scholarships, &c., maybe obtained from the Deans 
OF THE Faculties, or from the Clerk of Senatus ; and full details are given in the University Calendar, published by James Thin, 5o South Bridge, Edinburgh- 
price by post. 3s. 6d. The Preliminary and Degree Examination papers in e-ach of the Facultias are also published by Mr. James Thin". viz. — Arts and Science Preliminary 
papers and Bursary papers. Is. ; Medical Preliminary papers, 6d. Degree papers : Arts, Is. ; Science, 9d. ; Divinity, Law, Medicine, and Music, 6d. each. 

1912. By authority of the Senatus, L. J. GRANT, Secretary of Senatus. 



CLOUGH'S 

Corrcs pondcncg C ollcflC- 

New Sections of Classes for the following 
Examinations are now commencing: — 

A.C.P. 

OXFORD AND CAMBRIDGE 
SENIOR LOCALS, 

MATRICULATION, 
HIGHE R FRO EBEL. 

For Prospectus, Syllabus, Plan, Terms, and full particulars 
of any of CLOUGH'S CLASSES, write to 

THE SECRETARY, 

Clough's Correspondence College, 

TEMPLE CHAMBERS, 

LONDON, E.C. 



THE LONDON 



Central Institute for 
Swedish Gymnastics, 

16, 17, & 18 Paddingtom Street, Marylebone, W, 



Telephone : 872 Mayfair. 



PUPILS NOW RECEIVED. 

Xeiglibouring Schools are received at tlie Institute for 
Physical Exercises on the Swedish System. 

Eecreative Classes — Gymnastics and Fencing — are held in 
the evenings. 

For further particulars apply to the Principal, 
ALLAN BROMAN, 

From the Royal Central Institute of Gymnastics. Stockholm. 



The School World sa.ys : "This college for men students . . . will 
provide a first year's course fitting students for posts in elementary 
schools, and a second year's course enabling the graduate to take 
charge of any school of whatever standing. Anatomy, physiology, 
theory of movements, hygiene, and kindred subjects necessary for a 
complete grasp of physical training will be taught by experienced 
teachers. This will be a noteworthy addition to the facilities for 
training in this subject. . . . This new- college has been most cordially 
welcom'ed by the Parliamentary Secretary repre.senting the Board . . . 
As a sign of progress, and in the hope of a better future for the physique 
of the youth of the nation, the new ' Central Institute ' will be cordially 
welcomed." 



46 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Feb. 1, 1912, 



THE 



1912. 
COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS. 

(Incoipoiuted by Royal Charter.) 
BLOOMSBURY SQUARE, LONDON, W.C. 



^Lectures for (Tcacbers 

ON THE 

SCIENCE, ART, A ND HISTORY OF EDUCATION. 
THE PSYCHOLOGY ESSENTIAL TO EFFICIENT WORK IN SCHOOL 

To be delivered by Professor J. ADAMS, M.A., B.Sc, LL.D., F.C.P., Professor of 
Education in the ITniversity of London. 

The Pirst Course of Lectures (Fortieth Annual Series) will commence on 
Thursday, February 8th, at 7 p.m. 

Tliis Cnurst! will to a certain extent prepare for the Examinations of the College 
in connexion with the Associateship, the Licentiatesliip, and the Fellowship ; but 
Its main purpose will be to present the taets of Fsvcliolo^v in such a way as to 
enable the teacher to make use of them in thr inju-tical work of the School' Tlie 
work will be so arranged as to give the students an ojiportunity of comparing the 
results of their experience with the latest results of psycliological research into 
educational processes. The Lectures will be illustrated "by frequent references to 
the work in all classes of Schools. 

SYLLABUS. 

I. (Feb. 8.) Nature and Scope of Psiirhnlogy.—Vomi of view : science of con- 
sciousness : nature of consciousness, general and individual ; insulation of individual 
consciousness: the subjective and the objective: the study of the soul: meaning 
of the ego, and its various aspects : dangers of the psychological attitude on the part 
of the teacher: psychological data of education: psychology a theoretical study, 
education a practical. 

II. {Feb. 15.) Personality and Temperament. Essential unity of the soul: 
various modes of being conscious : the so-called " faculties " ; dangers of hypostasis : 
evolution of personality: nature of temperaments and their classification: per- 
manency of tlie temperaments, and the means by which they may be modified : 
relation between temperament and personality : advantages and dangers of using 
" types " in education. 

III. {Feb. 22.) Pj'es-eM^a^u-e Processes. —Natnreof sensation : the senses, general 
and special: contribution sensation makes to knowledfie: the " preferred sense " : 
the training of the senses: distinction between sensation and perception: the 
mind's share in perception : meaning and limits of observation : the gaping point : 
rhythm of concentration and diffusion : the place of inference. 

IV. {Feb. 2^.) 7'he Conrrpfiiaf.—'Siitwf of conce]}lion and its relation to pex-- 
ception : the range of the representati\e iiroce^scs : nnture and origin of ideas : the 
active and the passive aspects of ideas ; presented content and presentative activity : 
the relation of definition to tlie concept: degrees of generality of ideas : the group- 
ing and interaction of ideas : recall mediate and immediate. 

y. (March 7.) Memory.— 'Not limited to intellectual processes: fundamental 
nature: relation to personal identity: Bergsou's two kinds of memory: pre- 
dominance of the purposive element : possibility of improving the memory as an 



original endowment: mnemonics and the educational applications: learning by 
heart and by rote : reminiscence and recollection : " verbal," " pictorial," and 
" rational " memory : relation to reality. 

VI. {March 14.) Imaffhiation.— Distinction from memory on the one hand and 
conception on the other: relation to thinking, and .the corresponding limitations : 
conditions determining the woiking of the imagination, and tlie corresponding 
classification into "kinds" of imagination: importance in real life of "cleaily 
imaged ends": function of the imagination in school-work: its aesthetic use: 
nature and moral value of ideals. 

VII. {March 21.) Interest and ,t^/r«^/oH.— Nat lire nf each : interaction between 
them: circular reaction: interest as means and as end: relation between the 
interesting and the easy: quarrels altont the elassilieation of ihe kinds of attention : 
the mechanism of attention: its manipulation : its duration : itsihythui; various 
functions of attention in educational process : moral implications of the newer views. 

VIII. (May 2.) Subcouacion.tncss and the llab /tuaL—V ague notions of the 
subconscious and their dangers: nothing mystical about the subconscious: the 
dynamic conception underlying it: association a general principle of oi-ganic 
development and not linrted to ideas : relation to habits : place and value of habits 
in education: making and breaking of habits ; special and general habits; accommo- 
dation and co-ordination : the continuum of c mmon interest : redintegration. 

IX. (May 9.) Suggestion. — The teacher's means of niaiiipula! ing the paid-up 
capital of the pupil ; susrgestion has no power save incalliiigui> idealioiinl eombiim- 
tions already formed : ideas us forces: self-activity : suggestion as sell-ony:iiiated : 
pseudo-auto-suggestion : meaning of tmiptation: making pupils temptation proof 
in certain directions : relation of suggestion to imitation : spontaneous and deliberate 
imitation. 

X. lMai/\6 ) Reasoning. — Fundamentally an adaptation of means to ends on 
the ideational plane: may be regarded as the purposive aspect of apperception : 
relation between thought and Iangii;ige : the cnnstaut element in thought: the 
dynamic basis of all tliinking : tlie laws of tliouubt as tboittrht : nature and source 
of errors in thinking : possibility of lionesl dillerenee in results of thinking: place 
and function of syllogistic and other formal modes oj tliinlung. 

XI. (May 23.) The Atfecfive Processes.— lywngev of isolating this aspect of soul 
lite: unreasonable depreciation of thn emotions by certain professional philosophers : 
value of emotions as support -f intellectual process : classification of the emotions : 
expression of tliH emotions : Lange-James theory of the relation between emotion 
and its expression: important educational bearings of the truth underlying this 
theory. 

XII. {May 30.) CoMn^iti?!.— Interrelations of knowledge, feeling, desire, and 
will: nature and function of motive: fallacy of " the strongest motive": the 
motiveless will : practical aspec's of the theory of the freedom of the wdl : evolution 
of the will ; its subjective and oltjeL-tive aspects : hypostasis of the will : possibilities 
of real training of the will: meaning of "breaking the will": importance of the 
time element in all attempts at will-training. 



FEES FOR ADMISSION. 

Half-a-guinea for the whole Course. Two shillings for a single Lecture. 



•»• The Lectures will be delivered on Tiiorsday PIvkninos, at 7 o'clock, at the 
College, Bloomsbury Square, W.C— Meinliprs of the College have free admission to 
the Course. 



College of Preceptors' Examinations, 



1912. 



SUITABLE BOOKS IN J. S. LINDSEY'S 

PROBLEMS AND EXERCISES IN 
BRITISH HISTORY. 



1 



SECOND CLASS. 



1066-1485 



1688-1830 



Parts (2s. each). 

II. 1066-1216 

III. 1216-1399 

IV. 1399 1509 
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VII. 1688 1783 
VIII. 1783 1837 



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1066-1399 
1399-1603 
1714-1832 



Each part (60 large quarto pages) is designed to be equally useful 
for teachers preparinq pupils and for pupils preparing themselves for 
these or similar examinations. 

Cmitents. 

1. General hints: how to study; how to revise; how to answer 

questions ; topical exercises. 

2. Special Aids to study: scheme of study; short sketch, topical 

and chronological synopses of the period. 

3. Special aids in testing the results of study: classified list of 

notable topics : contemporary sayings ; 40 select questions, with 
fully worked out answers, useful both for matter and method. 



Further particulars on application to tlie Publishers, 
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48 THE EDITCATTONAL TIMES. \¥eh. 1, 1912. 



A Selection of "Books from 

Professor MEIKLEJOHN'S SERIES 

SUITABLE FOR 

THE COLLEGE O F PRECEPTORS EXA MINATIONS, 1912. 

ENGLISH. 

A Short History of the English Language. By Professor Meiklejohn, M.A. Twelfth Edition. 

Crown 8vo, 80 pp. ... ... .. ... ... ... ... ... .■ ••• ■•■ ■■■ ■■■ •■■ ■■• ■■• ■■• ^^• 

A New Grammar of the English Tongue. With Chapters on Composition, Versification, Paraphrasing, 

;md Panctuation. With Exercises and Examination Questions. Twenty-fourth Edition. Crown 8vo, 280 pp. By Professor 

Meiklejohn, M.A 2s. 6d. 

The Art of Writing English. A Manual for Students. With Chapters on Paraphrasing, Essay Writing, 

Precis Writing, Punctuation, and other matters. By Professor Meiklejohn, M.A. Seventh Edition. Crown 8vo, 340 pp. ... 2s. 6d. 
A Short Grammar of the English Tongue. With 330 Exercises. Twenty-first Edition. By Professor 

Meiklejohn. Crown 8vo, 17G pp ... ... ,. ... ... ... •■■ ... ■■. ■•■ ■■• ■.• ■•■ Is. 

Composition for Schools and Colleges. Based on Outline Essays. With Exercises in Style. By 

C. H. JIaxwell, B.A. Fourth Edition. Crown 8vo, 133 pp. ... ... .. .. ... .. ... ■■■ •■■ ■■. Is. 

A New Spelling Book. With Side Lights from History. Twentieth Edition. By Professor Meiklejohn. 

Crown 8vo, 152 pp Is. 

SHAKESPEARE. 

Macbeth. Edited, with an Introduction and Notes, by M. J. C. Meiklejohn, B.A. (Oxon.). Crown 8vo, 196 pp. Is. 3d. 

Henry V. Edited, with an Introduction and Notes, by R. E. Cholmelbt, M.A. (Oxon.), Head Master of Owen's School, 
London. Cro'wn 8vo, 200 pp. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Is. 3d. 

The Books of Paraphrasing, Edited and arranged by J. Pendlebuey. Junior, 2d. ; Intermediate, 2d. ; 

Senior 4d 

GEOGRAPHY. 

A New Geography on the Comparative Method. With Coloured Maps and Diagrams, and an 
Outline of Commercial Geography and Full Index. By Professor Meiklejohn, M.A. Fortieth Edition (Revised). Crown 8vo, 
630pp 4s. 6d. 

A School Geography, With special reference to Commerce and History. With Maps and Diagrams. By 
Professor Meiklejohn, J[. A., and M. J. C. Meiklejohn, B.A. Crown 8vo, 410 pp. Eighth Edition (Revised) 2s. 6d. 

The Comparative Atlas. By J. Gr. Bartholomew, F.R.G.S., and Edited by Professor Meiklejohn. Ninth 
Improved i dition. Containing f.4 Plates and a General Index 2s. 6d. 

The British Colonies and Dependencies : Their Resources and Commerce. By M. ,J. C. 

Meiklkjohn, B.A. Ninth Edition (Revised). Crown Svo, 96 pp 6d. 

Europe : its Physical and Political Geography, Page Map in Colour. By M. J. C. Meiklejohn, 
B.A. 96 pp. Fourth Edition (Revised) 6d. 

HISTORY. 

A New History of England and Great Britain, With Mips and Tables. By Professor Meiklejohn, 

M.A. Twenty-fourth Edition. Crown Svo, T40 pp. 4s. 6d. 

Also issued in TWO PARTS {2s. 6d. each) :— Part I.— From B.C. 55 to a.d. 1509. Eleventh Edition. 

Part II.— From 1509 to 1901. Fifteenth Edition. 

ARITHMETIC. 

A New Arithmetic (Theoretical and Practical), By G. A. Christian, B.A. (Lond.), and 

G. CoLLAE, B.A. (Lond.). Fifteenth Edition. Crown 8vo, 552 pp 4s. 6d. 

"We recoramend te^ifltcrs and students to judge for themselves what a liowertnl auxihary to success 1ms been given them bv the experience and judgment of tlie 
Hhle authors."— J'Ac Si-houlmnst,)-. 

A Short Arithmetic. By &. A Chkistian, B.A., and A. H. Bakbk, B.A. Fifth Edition. Crown Svo, 196 pp. 

With Answers, Is. 6d. Without Answers, Is. Answers separately 6d. 

ALGEBRA. 

A New Algebra. A.s far as the Binomial Theorem. Including Chapters on Graphs. Bv G. Collar, B.A., B.Sc. 

(Joint Author of "A NKW ARITHMETIC "). Crown Svo, 438 + viii pp ... " 4s. 6d. 

" An able, careful, and attractive work."— TAe Educational Times. 

A School Algebra for Junior Forms. By Rev. E. Oscar Lane, B.Sc. Crown 8vo, 232 pp. With 
Answers, 2s. Without Answers ... ... Is. 6d. 

FRENCH. 

A Class Book of French Idioms. With Exercises. By J. E. Michbll, M.A. (Oxon.), Ph.D. Crown Svo, 

152 pp. Price Is. 6d. 

NOTE. — A Key to this Book is now ready. Price Is. net. 



A complete Catalogue will be sent post free on application. 

MEIKLEJOHN & SON, 11 Paternoster Square, London, E.G. 



Feb. 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



49 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

Leader : Competition condemned 49 

Notes 50 

Educational Meetings — Progressive Associations— Private Schools — 
School Mathematics ~ Dr. Whitehead's Suggestions — University 
Correspondence College Jubilee— Foul Literature. 

Summary of the Month 52 

Universities and Colleges 53 

The Educational Ladder 54 

A Defence of Private Schools : Address by Sir Philip Magnus 54 

The Public-school Boy : A Head Master's Conclusions 55 

Educational Conferences 55 

Head Masters' Association — Assistant Masters' Association— Private 
Schools Association— Public School Science Masters' Association 
— L.C.C. Teachers' Conference -Training College .Association- 
North of England Education Conference— National Association of 
Education Olticers — Classical Association — Slatheinaticai Associa- 
tion — Modern Language Association— English Association— His- 
torical .Association- Geographical Association. 
Teaching of History by means of Local Kecords ; Address by 
Prof. Hearn.shaw, LL.D., Armstrong College 59 



Page 

Current Events Gj 

Fixtures- Honours— Endowments and Benefactions— Scholarships 
and Prizes — Appointments and Vacancies— Literary— General. 

Correspondence 67 

The College of Preceptors : 

Half- Yearly General Meeting 67 

Examinations in Secondary Schools : Views of Vice-Chancellor 
M. E. Sadler, C.B., LL.D 69 

Re views 70 

The Cambridge Modern History, Vol. XIII, Tables, and General 
Index— 'The Cambridge History of Englisli Literature, Vol. VII, 
Cavalier and Puritan -Algebra, Part HXChottoraj)- .\ Treatise on 
Dynamics (Prof. .Andrew CJniy and J. G. Gray)— A Treatise on 
Hydromechanics, Part I, Hydrostatics (Besaut and Ramsey). 

General Notices 72 

First Glances 76 

Mathematics 79 

List of Candidates who have passed the Christmas Certificate and 
Lower Foi-ms Examinations of the College of Preceptors .. 87 



Zhc Ebucatioiial XTiinee. 



The characteristic of the recently is.sued Report of the 
Consultative Committee on " E,xaminations 

Condemned ^^ Secondary Schools " may be said to he 

the elimination of all forms of competition. 
One of the advantages of a scheme of examinations entirely 
controlled by the Board of Education is stated to be that 
" it wotild be embarrassed by no competition." Even the 
scheme ultimately adopted by the Committee, the establish- 
ment of a widely representative Examinations Council, 
would have the great advantage of "averting embarrassing 
opposition." The Committee is consistent in its recommen- 
dations. Competition is to be discouraged among the exam- 
inees as well as among the examiners. There is to be one 
certificate, and only one. It is not even suggested that this 
Secondary School Certificate shall have tviro classes. All 
pupils are to be raised to the same creditably high level. 
For those who do not remain long enough at a secondary 
school to qualify to sit for this uniform certificate, there is 
to be a Secondary School Testamur, based on class examina- 
tions and the school record. Though issued on the authority 
of the head master, the Testamur must be approved by the 
Inspector of the Board of Education ; and, in conformity 
with the general policy, every precaution must be taken that 
no competition is set up between the Certificate and the 
Testamur. 

The point that the Committee has deliberately kept in 
view throughout as essential is the need for a combination 
of inspection with external examination. The desire is to 
prevent the external examination from dominating the 
whole work of the school, and with this desire the College 
of Preceptors cordially sympathizes. In fact, long before 
any of the other bodies of external examiners of secondary 
schools had come into being, the College had inaugurated 
a system of joint inspection and examination, which was 
given up later because of the great difliculties it involved. 
It is instructive to note that, when the Universities, follow- 
ing in the wake of the College, set about establishing 
examinations for secondary schools, they profited by the 
experience of the College, and started a scheme of purely 
external examinations. It will probably be generally ad- 
mitted that a combination of inspection and examination is 



greatly to be desired ; but any sclieme for combination 
must make provision for an organic relation between the 
two. It will not do, for example, as has been suggested, to 
let the Board of Education have the inspecting and leave the 
examination to the Universities. The means suggested in 
the Report for correlating the vpork of inspection and 
examination can hardly be regarded as satisfactory. 

More important to the acting teacher, however, is the 
question of the abolition of every form of external exd,mina- 
tion except that to determine the granting of a leaving cer- 
tificate — though the Committee has wisely avoided the use 
of the word '' leaving" in connexion with either the certifi- 
cate or the examination. Many teachers are of opinion that 
external examinations at early stages of school life are of 
doubtful value. On the other hand, there are many who 
regard suitable external examinations as salutary in effect 
both as a stimulus and a test, even at quite early stages. 
It is for this reason that the College of Preceptors continues 
to hold its Third Class and Lower Forms Examinations, in 
spite of the adverse opinions expressed by some teachers. 
It is to be noted that these lower examinations were 
established at the urgent desire of head teachers, and 
that no pupil is subjected to these tests unless his 
teacher considers them desirable. When the stage of 
the Junior University Certificate (corresponding to tho 
Second Class Certificate of the College) is reached, there is 
little danger of having to deal with minds too immature for 
external examinations. The average age of candidates at 
this stage is about 15, quite a suitable time to face external 
competition. There is at present a definite need for exami- 
nations of the degree of difficulty implied in the Junior 
University and College Second Class Examinations. Some 
of the professional bodies already require a Senior Certifi- 
cate, and might find it possible to add the proposed 
Secondary School Certificate to their list of qualifying 
preliminary examinations. But there are other professional 
bodies on whose clientele it would at present be impossible 
to impose the requirements of a Senior Certificate. It 
would be useless to ask such bodies to accept only the 
Secondary School Certificate. Moreover, there can be little 
doubt that all professional bodies will demand in the future, 
as they have done in the past, to have something to say re- 
garding the content, as well as the standard, of the certificate. 
They will insist upon certain subjects being included. No 
doubt it is an attractive ideal to set up a standard of culture 



50 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Feb. 1, 1912. 



to wliicli all must conform before they begin to make any 
approacli to specialization. In sucli purely culture work 
there might be scope for the energies of a General Examina- 
tions Council. 

Remembering the fate of its recommendations of 1904, the 
Consultative Committee is anxious that something shoukl 
be done this time as the result of its deliberations. The 
most practical recommendation in the Report is the proposal 
that there should be a Conference between the Board of 
Education and the Principal Examining Bodies. The Com- 
mittee has " every reason to believe that the existing exam- 
ining bodies would be ready to give their careful consideration 
to any plan -whicli aimed at introducing improvements in 
the work which thej' have so much at heart." This is smooth 
writing, but the examining bodies can hardly be blamed for 
failing to recognize as an improvement a proposal to dismiss 
them all in favour of a widely representative Examinations 
Council. Such a Council might be established with excellent 
results, but its function should be to moderate among the 
bodies already in existence. It should determine the stand- 
ard to which all the examining bodies must ccmform so far 
as this Secondary School Certificate is concerned. It miglit 
arrange tables of equivalency according to which examina- 
tions other than that for the standard certificate may be 
estimated and compared. But it should leave the present 
examining bodies to carry on their work under such condi- 
tions as enable them to meet the specific demands of their 
different clienteles. Fortunately the recommendations of the 
Committee are expressed in a very modeiate way, and every- 
thing will depend on what happens when the various bodies 
concerned are brought face to face. As they stand, the 
recommendations have all the air of a compromise between 
two out of three strong lines that might have been followed. 
The suggestion of Examinations controlled by Provincial 
Authorities is apparently introduced for the sake of com- 
pleteness, and to give polite expression to ideas that have 
not had sufficient backing. The real struggle may be guessed 
to have been between the control by the Board of Education 
and control by a representative Board ad hoc. The com- 
promise between these two latter controls has resulted at 
present in a victory for the ad hoc scheme, but any one who 
knows the relative staying powers of a permanent official 
body as compared with those of " a widely representative 
body " such as is suggested, will have little difficulty in 
forecasting the relation between the Board and the Examin- 
ations Council. 

So far as the College of Preceptors is concerned, it may 
certainly be claimed that it represents a corporation of 
teachers acting in common for the professional good of 
teachers and the educational good of their pupils. When 
a scheme of examinations is founded for teachers by teachers 
there can be no question of an attack on the liberties of a 
profession. Can the same be said for a centralized mono- 
poly of examinations ? It is noteworthy that one of the 
weaknesses of the Report as a whole is the inadequate 
amount of evidence supplied by teachers who have actually 
made use of the various schemes of examination at present 
available. It will be well for those teachers who regard 
with satisfaction a system in which they have a certain 



voice in the working of extei'nal examinations to let their 
opinions be heard. Their opinions are of the first im- 
portance at the present moment. In the Qieantime it is 
for those who distrust centralized bureaucracy to bestir 
themselves in the deliberations of the proposed Conference. 



NOTES. 

January is pre-eminently the month of educational confer- 
ence. Elsewhere we report in necessarily 
yWeef/nns" brief form the main points of discussion at 
the more important meetings. There is evi- 
dently no diminution in the ardour of debate upon topics of 
interest, whether burning or cooling. Sir J. J. Thomson, 
indeed, told the Public-School Science Masters that he had 
few theories on education, and that those he did form were 
being constantly upset by experience, till he had come to the 
conclusion that, if we have intelligent masters and small 
classes, it does not matter much what theory of education 
we adopt, while, if we have not these, it does not matter 
much either. But he immediately proceeded to a brisk 
exposition of some of his theories. The fact is that new 
conditions and varied experience put a new complexion 
upon old theories, and demand a restatement, a modifica- 
tion, or a reversal. An annual effort at re-orientation is a 
healthy process. 

V/hii-E the general activity is gratifying, it is pleasant to 
recognize that some of the special-subject 
Assodations. societies are developing fresh vigour. It is 
three years now since we ventured to sug- 
gest that the English Association might profitably direct its 
attention to the subject of English Composition in schools ; 
and now we cannot do less than give a hearty welcome to its 
keen discussion of the subject, and hope that it will be kept 
in the forefront of the program. The Historical Association, 
too, attacked some thorny questions with practical address. 
Prof. Heamshaw handled capably the use of local records 
in history teaching (as may be seen in another column) ; 
and Prof. Pollard well deserved election as next President 
were it only for the breezy common sense he infused into the 
debates. The Geogi-aphical Association is also pressing 
forward. It ought to receive a great impulse from the 
remarkabl}' suggestive presidential address delivered by 
Dr. Parkin. The Assistant Masters are, of course, alive in 
every fibre ; and the Head Mistresses have fully earned Dr. 
Sadler's high appreciation of their thoughtful work. 

Sir Philip Magnus very appropriately devoted his Pre- 
sidential Address to the Private Schools 
Schools Association to a defence of private schools. 

If it was impracticable to say anything 
new, he, at any rate, brought together effectively the chief 
things that need to be said and to be insisted on. When the 
State has done its best there will still be room for the 
private school : the very mechanism of society, the physical 
and mental specialties of the constitution of pupils, and 
the preferences of parents will persist in requiring the 
private school. The testimony of educational history 



Feb. 1, 1912.1 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



51 



emphasizes tlie impoitaiice of the private school for ex- 
perimental development of methods. The Board of Educa- 
tion, therefore, " shoukl e.xercise its influence to prevent 
Local Authorities " from using the rates to crush out 
efficient private schools by undue and unnecessary com- 
petition. '■ The essential feature of the private school 
should be its freedom. Still, it should be recognized as 
efficient, and such recognition should preferably be given 
by the Universities and accepted by the Board." 



TuE Association of Teachers of Mathematics for the 
South-Eastern Part of England, which lias 
Mathematics. it« head-quarters at Tonbridge School, has 
already started a " Journal " — a sign of 
intended permanence and of extended influence. It has had 
the good fortune to obtain Dr. A. N. Whitehead, of Cam- 
bridge, as its President ; and his Presidential Address, on 
" The Place of Elementary Mathematics in a Liberal Edu- 
cation," occupies the first number of the journal. The 
Address ought to be conned by every educationist, and par- 
ticularly by every teacher of elementary mathematics, 
throughout the country. It is based, not merely on a 
thorough knowledge of the subject (which goes without 
saying), but on a broad intellectual outlook that discerns 
the inner meaning of the educational revolution in progress- 
The views are sharply and even aggressively outlined, but 
that is simply because of the severe limitations of an hour's 
address ; it is for the reader to think out the necessary supple- 
ment. Dr. Whitehead is far from undervaluing classics ; but 
he points out that " the supreme merit of immediate relevance 
to the full compass of modern life has been lost to classical 
literature" through the transformation of the world by 
modern science. " Elementary mathematics is one of the most 
characteristic creations of modern thought " — " by virtue of 
the intimate way in which it correlates theory and practice." 
What will our multitudinous textbook writers say when 
they read that " what we want is one hour of the Caliph 
Omar, to burn up and utterly destroy all the silly mathe- 
matical problems which cumber our textbooks" ? And what 
will they say to this : " I would utterly sweep away all 
prolonged multiplications and divisions, and the theories of 
the greatest common measure and least common multiple, 
and complicated forms of linear and quadratic equations " ? 
Or to the suggestion that " half of the teaching of modern 
history should be handed over to the mathematicians" — 
" the half which, although the true foundation of all know- 
ledge of nations, is hardly taught" — the quantitative study 
of social forces by statistical methods ? Is it the fact, as 
Dr. Whitehead believes, that since the abolition of Euclid 
as a textbook " a lamentable deficiency in logical vigour lias 
crept in, with entirely bad effects on the scholastic value of 
the subject " ? These aie a few of the points — enough to 
suggest meditations. 



which the student can immediately appreciate ; that every proposition 
and method which cannot pass this te-^t, however important for a more 
advan(-ed study, should he ruthlessly cut out ; that with the time thus 
gained tlie fundamental ideas placed before the pupils can be consider- 
ably enlarged so as to include what in essence is the method of co-ordinate 
geometry, the fundamental idea of the differential calculus in relation to 
rates of inci'ease, and the geometrical notion of similarity. Also, lastly, 
it has been insisted that important systematic applications of these ideas 
to the concrete world should be simultaneously studied — for example, 
some sets of social or scientific statistics and the use of the polygon of 
forces in the graphical solution of mechanical problems. Again, this 
rough summary can be further abbreviated into one essential principle, 
namely : Simplify the details and emphasize the important principles and 
applications. 

' We have now a golden opportunity for reconstituting our 
scheme of mathematical education. If mathematical teach- 
ino- is not now revivified by a breath of reality, we cannot 
hope that it will survive as an important element in the 
liberal education of the future." 



We may, however, add Dr. Whitehead's own summary of 

the outcome of his thoughts on this highly 
Dr. Whitehead's i x ii 

Suggestions. important matter : 

It is that the elements of mathematics should be 
treated as the study of a set of fundamental ideas, the importance of 



Cordial congratulations to Dr. Briggs on the Silver 
University Jubilee of the University Correspondence 

Correspondence College. The College was founded on New 
College. Year's Day, 1887, incorporating the Inter- 

mediate Correspondence Classes, which had been in opera- 
tion for some two years previously. The staff of the College 
now numbers thirty graduates, twenty-four of whom are 
First Class Honoursmen. More than four thousand private 
students have graduated at the University of London under 
direction of the College, a goodly number of them resident 
at ends of the earth. In 1889 the University Tutorial 
College was founded, with laboratories for practical woik 
in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. The University 
Tutorial Press, with its own printing and bookbinding 
works (at Foxton, near Cambridge), has issued more than 
a thousand new books during the past quarter of a century 
—largely text-books of a high order, admirably suited to 
the needs of students. Apart from his managerial work. 
Dr. Brio-o-s has written numerous scientific text-books for 
school and college, and has expounded the Law of Inter- 
national Copyright in a weighty tome. Here is a very 
honourable record of sound educational work. 



Foul 
Literature. 



The Home Secretary informed an influential deputation 
organized by the National Council of Morals 
(January 23) that a draft Bill embodying 
the recommendations of the Joint Select 
Committee on Lotteries and Indecent Advertisements has 
been prepared. The Committee recommended that the law 
should be amended to provide for summary conviction in 
cases of publication of obscene matter, that existing legisla- 
tion should be repealed and a new Bill should be introduced 
to provide a uniform method of procedure, and that the 
penalties for publishing, procuring, posting, or exhibiting 
should be substantially increased. They also expressed the 
opinion that books of literary merit and genuine works of art 
should be exempted from the operation of the Act at the 
discretion of the magistrate. Mr. McKenna said the draft 
Bill embodied the report of the Committee almost verbatim. 
The Bill will require the driving force of public opinion, as 
Mr. McKenna expressly indicated. He is going to discuss 
the matter with Sir Edward Henry, to see what can be done 
for a more vigilant enforcement of the law. After all, that 
is the most essential point. 



62 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[F^eb. 1, 1912. 



SUMMARY OP THE MONTH. 

Ml!. Rt;ncim.4N and Mr. Pease have issued a joint Memo- 
randunn of Revised Arrangements between the Board of Agri- 
culture and Fisheries and the Board of Education in regard to 
Agricultural Education in England and Wales. It is as 
follows: 

" We have had under consideration tlie arrangements for the 
promotion of Agricultural Education made by our predecessors 
as Presidents of the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries and 
tlie Board of Education, and published in the Memorandum 
[Cd. JSSe] of the 22nd of Septenil)er, '1909; and hare come to 
tlie conclusion tliat, in view of the large additional sums which 
have become available since 1909 for the purposes of Agri- 
cultural Education and Research under the Development and 
Road Improvement Funds Act, 1909, those arrangements now 
require some modification. It no longer appears possible to 
delimit the spheres of work of our two Boards by assigning 
to the Board of Agi-iculture the responsibility for the Univer- 
sities and Colleges in wliich advanced work is being done, and 
to the Board of Education the responsibility for Farm Scliools 
and such other provision for Agricultural Education as is on 
a lower plane than that of Agricultural Colleges. It has, 
tlierofore, been decided that, in future, the re.sponsilnl!ty for 
l''arm Institutes, as well as for the agricultural work of 
Universities and Colleges, shall be transferred to the Board of 
Agriculture, and that this Board shall be regarded as the Gov- 
einmont Department concerned with this branch of educational 
work for the pui-poses of the Development Fund. The applica- 
tion for an advance from the Development Fund in aid of Farm 
liistitutes, which has been made by the Board of Education, 
\\ill therefore be withdrarvn by them, and the Circular 778 
on ■ Aid from the Development Fund for the provision and 
maintenance of Farm Institutes ' issued by them on the ] 4th of 
July last is hereby cancelled. A fresh application for an 
advance in aid of Farm Institutes will in due course be put 
forward by tlie Board oj Agriculture. Frequent consultation 
and co-operation between the two Boards and their respective 
Offlcer.s will be still necessary under the redistribution of 
functions, and the existing arrangements will be simplified 
and strengthened." 

The President of the Board of Agriculture (Mr. Runciman), 
speaking at the annual dinner of the Newcastle Farmers' Club, 
(lutlined the proposals for allocating the Development Fund so 
far as agriculture is concerned. Assistance, he said, would be 
given to Agricultural Colleges and other institutions to the 
extent of £12,000 a year, and about £35,000 a year would be spent 
(jn research and experimental work. These institutions were 
handicapped by lack of men, and, if there was to be a full ex- 
change between the institutes and practical farmers, more men 
must be scientifically trained. Therefore, £16,500 a year was to 
be devoted to scholarships for these Colleges for the training of 
young men that were prepared to devote their time and their 
energies to the work of these institutes and agricultural classes. 
For the farm institutes they had got a sum of £.325,000, and they 
were at present considering the best means of spending that 
money to the most practical advantage. Mr. Runciman went on 
to say that his interest in agriculture did not begin when he 
entered his present office. While at the Board of Education he 
had endeavoured to do something towards ruralizing education. 
When he went to the Board of Education school gardens were 
attached to only a few hundred schools ; now throughout the 
rural districts there were five thousand school gardens. 

The President of the Board of Education has appointed H.M. 
I nspector J. C. lies, Divisional Inspector of Elementary Schools 
111 the North-Western Division, to be Chairman of the Depart- 
mental Committee on Pl.aygrounds of Public Elementary Scliools, 
;ippointed on .July 31, 1911; and has also appointed Mr. E. B. 
Phipps, Principal Assistant Secretary of the elementary lir.anch 
I if the Board, to be a member of the Committee. These changes 
lire made in consequence of the resignation of Mr. L. A. Selby- 
ISigge of the chairmansliip of the Committee on his appointment 
lo be Permanent Secretary of the Board of Education. 

The Head Masters of Eton, Harrow, Winchester, Charter- 
house, and Rugby have announced that in their entrance ex- 



aminations Greek will not be expected, nor will it count unless 
the candidate's work in Latin, French, and English is good 
enough to place him in the Upper Fourth at Eton or a correspond- 
ing form in the other four schools. Greek, where now taught in 
the lower forms, will be dropped, and in the upper forms will be 
taught in sets, so as to provide for pupils who join knowing 
some Greek and the non-Grecians. Nothing is definitely stated 
about scholarships, but it is understood that, in awarding them, 
the same principle will be applied. The lesser schools will, it is 
believed, follow this diRtinguislied lead. 



The Governors of Rugby School have drawn up certain 
statutes in substitution of the existing statutes. The chief 
provisions are concerned entirely with the scholars : — An exam- 
ination shall be held once a year for the election of scholars by 
competition, and shall be conducted by examiners to be named 
or approved by the governing body in such subjects and in such 
manner as shall be determined by regulation. The age limit 
shall be between twelve and fifteen. One of the Benn scholarships 
shall always be held by a day boy possessing the qualifications 
for a minor foundatiouership. The number of scholars in the 
school at one time shall not be less than forty. The parents or 
guardians of any scholar may be required to state the date at 
which they intend to remove him from the school, and shall be 
bound to adhere to the date so stated. No scholarship shall be 
of the value of less than £40 a year nor of more than £100 a 
year ; and subject to these limits the values of the scholarships 
shall be such as the governing body may by regulation deter- 
mine. No scholarship, other than a Benn scholarship, shall be 
tenable together with a foundatiouership. The governing body 
shall apply to the provision of scholarships the proceeds of all 
endowments appropriated to that purpose ; but all sums over and 
above those derived from such endowments which may be re- 
quired for the maintenance of scholarships shall be provided in 
such manner as the governing body shall from time to time 
determine. At least twenty of the scholars in the school at on& 
time shall hold scholarships awarded for proficiency in classics. 
The other scholarships may be awarded for proficiency in such 
subjects as the governing body may from time to time deter- 
mine. But no scholarship shall be awarded to a candidate who 
does not, in the opinion of the examiners, show a suflScient know- 
ledge of the other subjects studied in tlie school besides that to 
which the scholarship is assigned. 



The Teachers' Guild is establishing for teachers of all grades, 
men and women, a friendly society for insurance against accident 
and illness, as the outcome of the passing of the National In- 
surance Act. It will be possible (it is stated) to obtain benefits 
in accordance with the Act or greater benefits at the desire of 
the person insuring. Additional privileges will be granted to 
those who are members of the Teachers' Guild. The scheme 
will be registered very shortly for approval by the Insurance 
Commissioners. Any persons interested in this scheme should 
communicate with the General Secretary, Teachers' Guild, 74 
Gower Street, W.C. 

Mb.. Alfred P, Maddslay, in his presidential address at the 
Annual Meeting of the Royal Anthropological Institute 
(January 23), said that even at the present day the idea that 
the origin of man did not form a fit subject for scientific inquiry 
had not yet entirely died out, and this feeling had militated 
against anthropology becoming a popular study. Meanwhile 
the immediate and energetic prosecution of anthropological 
studies was of vital necessit}', since the material with which 
this science deals was becoming rarer every year, as primitive 
customs yielded to civilization. The fact that man's physique 
was less subject to alteration gave a permanent value to the 
study of physical anthropology. An example of the far-reach- 
ing effects of a change in culture was the introduction of writing, 
which had a democratic tendency, since it placed the tribal law, 
formerly preserved in the memories of the elders, at the dis- 
posal of the younger members of the tribe. There was no 
better test of the antiquity of American culture than the fact 
that maize and other \ego(able foods had been gradually 
evolved by patient cultivation from obscure wild plants. The 
indigenous nature of that culture was shown by the fact that 
they were unknown in other continents before the disco\'ery, 
though their value to man led to their introduction all over 
the world immediatelj' .afterwards. The languages of America, 



Feb. 1. 19] 2.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



53 



moreover, bore a closer resemblance to one anotlier than to 
those of the rest of the world. 



At a recent meeting of the Edinbnrgb Provincial Committee 
for the Training of Teachers, Dr. Lowe, convener of the Studied 
Sub-Committee, reported that there was a decrease in the number 
of students attending University classes in 1911, as compares 
with 1910, the difference being 48 men and 66 women. Various 
suggestions had been offered for this, but it was not at all un- 
reasonable when they considered what liad been recorded in 
regard to University students. There had been fewer students 
taking the concurrent course. In 1910, 184 took the concurrent 
course, iu 1911 only 61. There was a considerable decrease at 
the end of the training college course. Hitherto students 
served three 3-ears ; now students at the end of the second year 
of training mighteither leave the training college or takea third 
year. They had lost a consideral)le number, because at the end 
of the second year of training there were 118 who had the option 
to go or stay, and of these 76 chose to go. He thought that 
might be taken as the cause for the decrease — in the meantime, 
at any rate. He might say, however, tliat the difficulties which 
beset them were even greater in the cases of Glasgow and Aber- 
been. — Prof. Darroch said he should not like the impression to 
get abroad that there were fewer teacher students in the Uni- 
versity. The number was very much the same as it was last 
year ; oul}- a large number of three-3'ear students at the junior 
student training centres were passing the training college and 
going straight to the University. — Dr. Gardiner thought the 
ideal way would be to give their students self-culture classes at 
the Universitj', and not confine them to narrow professional 
training at the training college. 



(From our own Correspondenf.) 

Calm, peaceful, foggy, dull. The Lent term is all this, and 

more. Freshmen are beginning to adopt the 

Cambridge. naanners and vesture of their Seniors, and the 

Seniors are thinking of their ultimate and jjen- 

ultimate May terms. Yet the life of the place goes on steadily 

for all that. 

A note of sadness has been struck by the death of Mr. W.M. 
(-'oates, of Queens', which occurred on the first day of full 
term. Well known in all departments of University life, he 
was universally respected. A successful coach, an energetic 
College officer, and a strenuous worker irr all spheres of energy 
in wliioh he could do good to others, he has left a vacant ])lace 
which it will be hard to fill. The funeral was attended by an 
enormous number of friends, pupils, and fellow workers. 

Happy are tlie people who lia\ e no history, but thrice blessed 
are those who make it. The C.U.O.T.C. are determined that 
the records of the Corps shall be filled with gallant doings, 
even though its memljers may complain of overwork. Alarums 
and excursions are the order of the day — or rather of the night. 
A night attack on a heavily fortified position at Grantchester 
in the hours of darkness constitutes the latest item on the 
))rogram ; the attacking force braved fire — in the form of 
blank cartridge — and water in the shape of flooded meadows 
and the oxerflowing Granfa, and marched home with their 
whilom opponents wet, tired, and happy. Col. Edwards is to be 
congratulated on the efficiency of his command, and of the 
decoration (C.B.) with which tlie authorities have shown their 
appreciation of his organization of our military department. 
But there is a rift within the lute. A newly appointed Director 
of Military Studies is anxious to take all the lecturing into 
his own hands, and to distribute the coaching among all those 
engaged in such work, allotting one subject to each man with- 
out reference to the experience or claims of those who have 
borne the burden and heat of the daj-, and especially of one 
military instructor of enormous experience and unequalled 
.success — the only Staff College man in Cambridge. So things 
may hum in this quarter, as college tutors are responsible for 
the selection of the proper coaches for their men, and are not 
at all at libert}' to abdicate tlieir functions and reverse their 
practice at the suggestion of a new-comer ine.xjjerienced in 
University ways and methods. 

This term has seen the genesis of a new organ. The Com- 
hr'idgo MiKjazine, which bids fair to be a dangerous rival to 
The Oranta and The Cambridge Review. The first 



number, at any rate, shows promise, and though it is reported 
that the Editor is a gentleman of somewhat pronounced 
opinions, it is clear that so far all questions are treated without 
bias and in a judicial spirit. The magazine prints a revised 
edition of the speech recently delivered in Cambridge by Mr. 
Owen Seaman, on behalf of the Agenda Club, and the Editor 
of " Punch " appears at his best. A very strong and well 
written article, by Mr. A. F. M. Greig, deals trenchantly with 
the behaviour, or rather misbehaviour, at the theatre, and sug- 
gests excellent modes of dealing with the evil. It is curious 
that some years ago a well known Cambridge resident had, 
under threats of legal proceedings, to apologize for statements 
not half so forcible as those which the magazine has printed 
over the signature of Mi'. Greig. The management do their 
best, but the question is a knotty one. 

Some slight changes are likely to be made in the Classical 
Tripos. Part I. The examination will be slightly shortened in 
point of time, and will now consist of fourteen papers. It is 
also proposed that, though two of the fourteen papers are on 
verse composition, not more than one-tenth of the total marks 
are to be assigned thereto. 

The Forestry Department is developing on healthy lines, 
backed, of course, by Government support. 

Excellent practical work on the structure and wearing quali- 
ties of timbers is being done in the Botanical Laboratory by 
the Assistant Curator. We shall learn in England, what h;io 
been common knowledge in Germany for a generation, that 
though science may not pay at the source, it is a valuable asset 
at the sea. 

Some more emendations ha\'e been issued in the regulations 
for the Special Examinations. It is open to doubt whether 
any member of any Board understands them. Bad as the rules 
are, the system to which they refer is worse: if the facts us 
to the Cambridge Poll Examinations were stated in their naked- 
ness, the world would shake with mirth. 

Our boat is gradually settling down. They wiU doubtless 
be able to get the distance from Putney to Mortlake, but 
whether the Oxford men will be able to see them will depend 
upon the absence of fog. 

Our Association football team is said to be good, though the 
captain has been on the sick list during the vacation. 

Lord Selborne is going to deliver an oration at the Carlton 
Club Banquet next month. The Liberals have not yet responded 
to the challenge, but will probably have their answering cham- 
pion ready iir due course. 

The " Holmes Circular " was strongly condemned at a special 
meeting of the Convocation of the University 

London. of London called to consider it on January 12. 

Sir Edward Busk presided. The House was 
asked by the Senate to express an opinion in regard to 
a letter on the subject from Sir James H. Yoxall, M.P., on 
behalf of the National Union of Teachers. Sir James drew 
attention to that part of the memorandum which states that 
candidates for inspectorships had not " the antecedents which 
were usually looked for in candidates for junior inspectorships— 
namely, that they had been educated first at a public school and 
then at Oxford or Cambridge." He went on to say that the 
" terms and the tenor of the memorandum as a whole might be 
described as unfair and improper, but the portion quoted above 
had particular reference to a preclusion which is injurious to 
graduates of other Universities than Oxford and Cambridge. 
There are many teachers who are graduates of other British 
Universities than Oxford and Cambridge and well qualified to 
be appointed as inspectors." He had no desire, he added, to 
make any reflection upon the Universities of Oxford and Cam- 
bridge, the true spirit of which was not conveyed in the memo- 
randum or embodied in the privilege which it described.— A 
discussion took place, in the course of which Sir Albert RoUit 
moved that the Senate be informed that while Convocation took 
strong exception to the contents of the paper, it was neither 
necessary nor becoming now to make any answer to it, especially 
in view of its date. The motion was ultimately defeated, and the 
following resolution carried in its stead : " That, in the opinion 
of Convocation, the sentiment expressed in the memorandum 
represents a policy followed in the selection of an important 
body of public servants which deserves condemnation." [The 
grammar seems scarcely of University standard.] Frequent 



54 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Feb. 1, 1912. 



reference was made during the discussion to the " anti-demo- 
cratic nature " of the Board of Education. 



The annual report of the Edinburgh University states that 
during the past year the total number of matricu- 

Edinburgh. lated students (including 630 women) was 3,421, 
being 55 more than last year. Of these, 1,301 
(including 580 women) were enrolled in the Faculty of Arts ; 
426 (including 20 women) in the Faculty of Science ; 53 in the 
faculty of Divinity ; 273 in the Faculty of Law ; 1,353 (including 
19 women) in the Faculty of Medicine; and 15 (including 11 
women) in the Faculty of Slusic. The number of students in the 
Faculty of Science exceeds by 44 that for 1910, and is the highest 
number ever reached. Of the students of Medicine 593, or nearly 
44 per cent., belonged to Scotland ; 265, or nearly 20 per cent., 
were from England and Wales ; 91 from Ireland ; 99 from India ; 
256, or nearly 19 per cent., from British Dominions ; and 49 from 
foreign countries. These figures show that the proportion of 
non- Scottish students of Medicine is well maintained; in fact, 
is slightly higher as compared with 1910. The number of women 
attending extra-academical lectures, with a view to graduation 
in Medicine in the University, was 59. The General Council of 
the University now numbers 11,556. The total annual value of 
the University fellowships, scholarships, bursaries, and prizes 
amounts to about £18,900. 



THE EDUCATIONAL LADDER. 

Abeedeen XJniveesity. — FuDerton Scholareliips : Meutal and Moral 
Philosophy, Bertram M. Laing, M.A. ; Mathematics and Natural 
Philosophy, William Poison, M.A. 

Cambeidoe Untveesity. — BennW. Levy Studentship in BiochemiBtry : 
F. W. Watkj'n Thomas, B.A., Trinity (formerly Tonbridge School). 

Corpus Chrisii. — Scholarships : £70, T. A. M. Davies, Clifton College, 
for Classics ; £50, A. C. Jomaron, University College School, Hammer- 
smith, for Classics ; £40, E. la M. Stowell, Sedbergh School and private, 
for History ; A. Boswell, Wilson's Grammar School, Camberwell, for 
Science ; F. W. Terrell, Clifton College, for Classics. Exhibitions of 
£30 : J. V. Field, Marlborough College, and S. V. Foulston, Hymers 
College, Hull, for Mathematics ; E. E. Raven, Shrewsbury School, for 
Classics ; and L. J. Hooley, Macclesfield Grammar School, for Science. 

Jesus. — Classical Exhibition, £30 : C. R. Alston, Dulwich. 

Magdalene. — Scholarships : £70, P. G. Kemp, Calday Grange Grammar 
School, for Classics ; £50, A. C. Estcourt, Gresham's School, Holt, for 
Mathematics, and J. A. England, Wolverhampton Grammar School, for 
Classics ; £40, C. K. Daphtary, St. Paul's School, and W. R. Wilkin- 
son, Bradford Grammar Scliool, for Classics. Exhibitions of £aO : 
A. Conick, East London College, for Mathematics ; C. R. Jackson, 
Aldenham School, for Classics ; A. J. Collins, Merchant Taylors School, 
for History, 

Nun-Vollcgiale. — Clothworkers' Exhibitions, £30 a year for 3 years 

(with an addition on graduation) : J. Rosbotham and F. J. Bywaters. 

Leathersellers' Exhibition, £25 a year for 4 years : G. H. Hewitt. 

Censors' Exhibitions : W. H. Stokes (£20) ; J. L. Cohen (£15) ; F. 
Meixner (£15). 

Queens'. — Entrance Scholarships and Exhibitions. For Classics: CM. 
Hobsou, St. Paul's School, Scholarship of £70 ; J. S. Wane, Lancaster 
Grammar School, Scholarship of £50 ; H. G. Evans, Norwich Grammar 
School, and H. E. Chandler, Radley College, Exhibitions of £30. For 
Mathematics : P. J. Oldfield, Christ's Hospital, Scholarship of £50 ; 
H. E. Lambert, Bournemouth School, Scholarship of £40 ; J. C. Mirfin, 
Sheffield Central School, and G. J. Partridge, Christ's Hospital, Exhibi- 
tions of £30. For Science: H. W. Gardner, West Suffolk County 
School, and W. F. Jary, City of Norwich School, Scholarships of £10 : 
C. P. Dutt, Perse School, Cambridge, Exhibition of £30. ' 

Glasoow Unfveesity. — Post-graduate Scholarship in Naval Archi- 
tecture (Royal Commissioners for the Exhibition of 1851), £200 a year: 
Arthur Cannon (fcjrmerly of the Royal Naval College, Greenwich). 

OxFOED Univeesity. — Beit Prize, £50 (Colonial History) : NeviUe 
J. Laski, Conunoiier of Coiinis Christi (formerly of Manchester Grammar 
School). — Robert Herbert Memorial Prize : not awarded. 

Brasenose. — Somerset-Thoruhill Scholar.ship (o^^eu pro hue vice) : Cedric 
P. Stoke-Jones, Bradford Grammar School. 

Corpus Christi. — Classical Scholarships : N. E. Young, Corpus Christi 
College, Charles Oldham S(4iolar ; "W. A. D. Goodwin, Bromsgrove 
School ; H. Jlorris, Rugby School ; N. T. Porter, St. Edmund's School, 
Canterbury ; J. C. Stokoe, Manchester Grammar School ; and H. W. 
White, Bedford Grammar School. Modern History Scholarship : G. B. 
Rarasbotham, Wellington College. 

Kxeler. — Classical Scholarship: John F. Huntington, Marlborough 
College. Classical Exhibition : Percy H. Barringer, University College 
School. 



iferC/di/. — Scholarship in Classics (honorary) : K. M. Chance, Repto.n 
School. 

Lincoln. — Classical Scholarships : £80, R. A. Robertson, Edinburgh 
Academy ; £60, J. F. Thompson, Eton College. Exhibitions of £30 : 
A. P. Ritchie, Berkhamsted School ; C. P. Starke Jones, Bradford 
Grammar School ; and A. V. Askwith, Bradford Grammar School. 

New College. — Fellowship and Classical Lecture.ship : Leslie W. Hunter, 
B.A., Fellow of Magdalen. — Open Scholarship in Classics : V. Gollancz, 
St. Paul's School. — Open Exhibition in Classics : A. N. Westlake, Uni- 
versity College School, Hampstead. 

Queen's. — Berry Exhibition : Walter E. Butler, RossaU School. — 
Thanet Exhibition ; A. F. Harrison, Appleby School. 

Unirersit y . — Classical Scholarships : E. R. Dodds, Campbell College, 
Belfast ; E. E. Smith, Perse School, Cambridge ; and T. R. F. Butler, 
Charterhouse. Lodge Exhibition : G. B. T. Jardine, Glasgow University. 



A DEFENCE OF PRIVATE SCHOOLS. 

ADDEESS BY SIR PHILIP MAUNUS, M.P. 

At the Annual General Meeting of the Private Schools .A.sso- 
ciation, Sir Philip Magnus, M.P., was elected Honorary Presi- 
dent for 1912, and delivered his presidential address, entitled 
"In Defence of Private Schools." He said that at present 
the prospects of private schools were somewhat clouded, but 
the outlook would improve, and these schools would bo recog- 
nized as occupying a useful and very special place in our 
national scheme of secondary education. He did not regard 
with unalloyed satisfaction legislation which tended to lessen 
the self-dependence of the subject. Above all, they must take 
care that State action did not de.stroy that diversity of effort 
whicli aimed at satisfying the great variety of needs in e\ory 
well organized society, and so preventing any decline or Tall into 
the slough of dull and colourless uniformity. There was some 
fear of such results from a too rigid bureaucratic control of 
human activities. And this applied even to the influence of 
any centralized education authority. The example of ( ler- 
many should serve as a warning. There was much in German 
methods which might be usefully studied; but those methods 
had now been sufficiently long in operation to enable us to 
see their defects, and to guard against too closely following 
them. Wo were too ready to imitate them without any .suffi- 
cient inquiries into their full effects, .lohn Stuart Mill wrote : 
" An education establislied and controlled by the State sliould 
only exist, if it exist at all, as one among many competing 
experiments, carried on for the purpose of example ani 
stimulous, to keep others up to the standard of excellence." 
Tliis expressed the real function of a}iy system of State-con- 
trolled education. 

Bo.^KD OF Education and Voluntaby Effort. 
While the Board of Education as at present administered 
had helped to raise the " standard of excellence " in our schools, 
its constant incursions into the region of voluntary effort were 
a danger to be guarded against. There rested on it the heavy 
responsibility of recognizing and as,sisting all good educational 
work, and this I'esponsibility should prevent any autocratic 
interference on its part with educational experiments that gave 
promise of valuable results, or with endeavours, other than its 
own, to provide systematic training. There was a natural ten- 
dency among officials to extend their influence, and this 
tendency, tuiless carefully watched, resulted in the gradual but 
suro suppression of private effort, and produced that le\el of 
uniformity which, in education, was destructive of those very 
qualities that had given to our national character its distin- 
guishing marks. Within the last decade, the hand of the Board 
of Education had covered all our elementary schools, had 
reached our secondary schools, and was about to be stretched 
over our Univer-sities and technical schools. If the Board gave 
help where help was needed, without enforcing in all cases 
identical conditions, it might render inestimable service to the 
cause of education. But it was equally true that the progress 
of education in this country might be seriously impeded by any 
endeavour to bring under its direct control the varied agencies 
that were now working in different ways to meet a vast number 
of diverse needs. Tlie opinion was very generally held that a 
placo should be found for private schools in the national scheme 
of education. If they were to continue to exist they must 



Feb. 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



55 



be efficient and free from State control. The central authority 
should favour the extension of these schools. To this end the 
Board of Education should exercise its influence to prevent local 
authorities from using the rates for the establishment of new 
schools that would compete unduly with existing private 
schools. 

Necessity for Freedom. 
The essential feature of the private school should be its 
freedom. Still, it should be recognized as efficient, and such 
recognition sliould preferably be given by the Universities and 
accepted by the Board. The Universities were more likely to 
encourage freedom in teaching than the Board, and their 
standard of e.xcellence would be more elastic and more capable 
of adjustment to varying needs. It was in the private schools, 
which depended on fees and not on grants, that educational 
experiments might most successfully be made. The teacher's 
personal interest in the physical, intellectual, and moral devel- 
opment of his pupils was incomparably of greater value than 
the strict observance of general regulations as to school fittings, 
or equipment, or conformity to any special time-table of studies. 
In order that the private school might be efficient and fulfil 
its purpose the fees should be comparatively high; but with 
the general increase of wealth and of the class distinctions 
which that increase tended to strengthen there need be no fear 
that the private school would fail to flourish. The school- 
master should, however, aim high. Character, as an element of 
success in life, told more than knowledge. As the relations 
of the State to the citizen during the last decade had been 
largely modified, the obligations of the citizen had been corre- 
spondingly increased. It was for the private school to 
recognize this broader outlook on life and to adopt a wider 
definition of the aim and purpose of education. It should train 
its pupils in practical pursuits, and, by means of regulated 
exercises, to discharge such duties as every citizen might be 
called on to perform. In this work it might occupy a posi- 
tion prominently in advance of the school that was State aided 
and State controlled, and might, firmly and permanently, estab- 
lish its right to be recognized in any well organized scheme of 
national education. 



THE PUBLIC-SCHOOL BOY. 

A HEAD MASTER'S CONCLUSIONS. 

Mr. A. H. G-iLKES, Head Master of Dulwich College, com- 
municates to the Times his conclusions on several things regard- 
ing education : 

1. That boys at public, schools, at whatever subject they are working 
— classics, science, modern languages, engineering, mathematics — are 
not, as a rule, suificiently in earnest about their work. 

2. That boys not at public schools are very much in earnest, but that 
their earnestness is generally inspired by ambition, and thus often has 
not the best result ; also that they work without sufficient relaxation, 
and thus injure their physical condition, as well as lose that develop- 
ment which comes to a boy only from proper intercourse with his 
fellows. 

3. That the homes of pubUc-school boys are largely responsible for 
the indifference which boys show to their work. Their parents and 
friends continually talk of school work as something to be evaded, .and 
of masters as men to be outwitted. 

4. That social intercourse and games have somewhat too much influ- 
ence at public schools themselves. 

5. That teaching methods have been often too dry, and too much 
directed only to the memory ol^ boys. 

6. That the chief danger at the present moment is one in the opposite 
direction, and that too Uttle demand is now made on a boy's own effort. 

7. That boys' minds vary, and that different subjects suit different 
boys, some mathematics, some languages, some mechanics, and so on. 

8. That schools should in every case be arranged so as to meet these 
different wants, by the establishment of several sides, on each of which 
most subjects should be taught, but those subjects should in each case 
be the main subjects to which the boys' minds are most inclined, and the 
others subordinate. 

9. That the danger of external examinations is great, as obscuring 
the true end of education. 

10. That the settlement of educational questions rests at last with the 
world beyond school. 

11. That a boy who has been in earnest at school wiU, as a rule, meet 
the requirements of that world, on whatever side of his school he has 
been, otherwise he will not. 



EDUCATIONAL CONFERENCES. 



THE HEAD MASTERS' ASSOCIATION. 

The Incorporated Association of Head Masters held its twenty- 
first Annual General Meeting in the Guildhall (Januarj' 9), Dr. 
H. J. Spenser (University College School) presiding. Dr. 
Spenser said that all of them were conscious that the time had 
come when the nation could no longer afford to shirk the task 
put to it by Matthew Arnold in 1867, the organization of 
secondary education. To-day the whole business confronted 
them, grim, formidable, bristling with difficulties, largely at- 
tributable to their own neglect in bygone years. They were 
awaiting, not without apprehension, reform from without. 
Towards the unification of the profession substantial advance 
during the past year had been made on three lines that con- 
verged and united — ti-aining, registration, pensions. What 
might be the ultimate outcome of the Order in Council establish- 
ing a common register no man could foresee, but for the present 
they hailed it as the capture of the first outwork, the key of the 
position. In the interval before the promised Teachers' Council 
could come into existence they had before them the task already 
accomplished by their colleagues of the primary schools. Before 
they could make common cause with the other bi-anches of the 
))rofession they must make common cause with each other 
What thej' needed was a Ministry of Education organized for 
education, and not merely for administration. Referring to the 
third volume of evidence given before the Royal Commission on 
University Education in London, he said that it was clear that 
the traditional practice of the older Univei-sities and their colleges 
with regard to the age of admission was more conducive to the 
establishment of a high standard of national education and to 
the efficiency of secondary schools than the empirical methods of 
modern Universities. Members of that Association had gained 
valuable experience of the free-place and scholarship system. 
They had learned that the ladder must be widened, that it must 
not lead merely the few to the University, but must provide for 
the many preparation for the vocations of industry and com- 
merce. The ladder needed supplementing by the sieve judiciously 
applied at successive stages of the upward progress. _ 

After some debate, a motion "that in the opinion of this 
Association the time has now come when all private and 
proprietary schools and other educational institutions should be 
inspected by the Board of Education " was carried, with a few 
dissentients, and referred to Council for action. — Dr. Alex Hill, 
Secretary to the forthcoming Congress of the Universities 
of the Empire, addressed the Conference on the subject of the 
Congress. — Discussion took place on "Music Teaching in 
Schools," on " Some Suggested Reforms in the Teaching of 
Science," and on the evils of the premature withdrawal of boys 
from secondary schools. — A long discussion on the teaching of 
Greek and Latin, introduced by Dr. Rouse, ran off into a 
consideration of the question whether the pupil should learn 
his lesson with pleasure or with pain. — A resolution was cor- 
dially passed to the effect that the Association would welcome 
the adoption of some scheme whereby success in the War Office 
Examination for Certificate A might count as a subject or part 
of a subject in such examinations as are usually taken at the end 
of a school career. 



ASSISTANT MASTERS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS. 

The Annual General Meeting of the Incorporated Associa- 
tion of Assistant Masters in Secondary Schools was held on 
January 5 at Merchant Taylors School, Mr. S. E. Winbolt 
(Christ's Hospital), chairman for 1912, presiding. The State- 
ment of Accounts showed that the finances of the Association 
are in a thoroughly sound condition, owing in a great measure 
to the large increase of membership during 1911. The Report 
of the Joint Scholastic Agency showed that the Agency is being 
made use of to a larger extent, both by head and assistant 
masters, every year. — Mr. A. A. Somerville (Eton College) 
moved the adoption of the Annual Report of the Executive Com- 
mittee. He touched upon many important questions which 
had occupied the attention of the Executive Committee during 
the past year— notably the questions of the new Teachers' 
Council, superannuation, the National Insurance Bill, &c. With 
regard to superannuation, he referred with satisfaction to the 



66 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Feb. 1, 1912. 



reception by the President of the Board of Education of a depu- 
tation which waited on him in November last, and also to the 
list of questions on practical points connected with pensions, 
which has since been forwarded by the Board to a Joint Com- 
mittee, which has the question now in hand, for their considera- 
tion. The following resolutions were passed: — (l)"That this 
Association welcomes the formation of the Teachers' Council, 
and trusts that it will be a useful instrument in organizing and 
unifying national education." (2) " That this Association wel- 
comes the publication by the Board of Education of statistics of 
salaries in State-aided secondary schools, which conclusively 
prove the urgent necessity of a superannuation scheme for 
secondary teachers ; and feels deep satisfaction at the progress 
made with regard to this question during the past year." 
(3) "That this Association deplores the many cases of arbitrary 
dismissal which liave occurred during the past year, following 
upon the appointment of a new head master ; and considers that 
an immediate remedy should be found for so unsatisfactory a 
state of things." (4) " That the lowest salary paid in any second- 
ary school to an assistant master should be £150, rising by auto- 
matic yearly increments of at least £10 to £300; and then by 
similar increments of £15 to at least £i50." (5) " That, in the 
opinion of this Council, the proposed grant of a large sum of 
public money to establish a system of scholarships in secondary 
schools in Ireland should not be considered until the present un- 
satisfactory position of assistant masters in such schools has 
been improved." 

In the afternoon Dr. A. B. Shipley, F.R.S., F.Z.S. (Master of 
Christ's College, Cambridge), read an interesting paper on 
" Students in the late Sixteentli and in the Seventeenth Century." 
In the latter part of his paper he referred to the many questions 
afiecting the status and remuneration of assistant masters in 
secondary schools at the present time. — A discussion on " The 
Eelation of Examinations to Education " followed, in which Mr. 
P. J. Hartog (Registrar of the University of London), Dr. 
W. H. D. Bouse (Perse School, Cambridge), and Mr. J. L. 
Holland (Secretary of the Northamptonshire Education Com- 
mittee) took part. 

THE PRIVATE SCHOOLS ASSOCIATION. 
The Annual General Meeting of the Private Schools Association 
was held (January -t) at Dr. Williams's Library, Gordon Square, 
W.C. Sir Philip Magnus, M.P., was elected Honorary President 
for the year, and delivered a sti-ong " Defence of Private Schools " 
(see another column). — Miss L. M. Reynolds, B.A. (Devonshire 
House, Carlisle), read a paper on " Scliool Journeys : a Record 
of Twelve Years' Experience of Open-air Education." — Miss 
A. M. Kellett (Brazenose School, Stamford) read a paper on 
" Should Latin be taught to Girls H " which was followed by a 
lively discussion. — Mr. A. D. Hardie, M.A. (Linton House 
School), read a paper on " The Training of Teachers," which 
again lead to keen debate. 

PUBLIC SCHOOL SCIENCE MASTERS. 

The Association of Public School Science Masters opened its 
twelfth Annual Meeting at the Day Training College, South- 
ampton Row (January 10 and 11), under the presidency of Sir 
J. J. Thomson. The President dealt with some general aspects 
of the educational question. The essential thing, he thought, 
was to have intelligent masters and small classes. He protested 
against the tendency to make lectures supersede textbooks ; 
dissented from the view that pupils should be examined by their 
own teachers instead of by outside examiners ; attached the 
utmost importance to the early development of independence and 
self-reliance ; and wished that students could learn German 
enough to translate an ordinary textbook. — The necessity of 
chemistry and physics as an introduction to the study of biology, 
and the teaching of qualitative analysis, were discussed. Perhaps 
the keenest interest was exhibited in a discussion of educational 
psychology. Prof. Armstrong refusing to accept the evidence or 
the experiments of the psychologists, for there was an enormous 
amount of fallacy in their tests. — Dr. Nunn admitted that 
psychologists were aware of their imperfections, but had to begin 
at what point they could : a student by observing gained self- 
reliance, and faculty was increased in other directions. 



4 and 6). Mr. Cyril Cobb, Chairman of the L.C.C. Education 
Committee, in welcoming the Conference from the chair, said 
the growing influence and importance of the conferences was 
emblematic of the growing interest among educationists not 
only in London, but throughout the country. — Miss E. E. Kj'le 
(Highbury Hill High School) opened a discussion ou " Special- 
ization in a Secondary School," and Mr. J. W. Samuel (Millwall 
L.C.C. Mixed Central School) dealt with " Specialization in a 
Central School." — Prof. Selwyn Image (Oxford) presided over a 
keen discussion on " Chalk, Brush, and Pencil Work in Ele- 
mentary Schools."— Other subjects handled were " The Doctrine 
of Formal Training (Mental Discipline)," and " The Treatment 
of Backward Children." There was a crowded attendance, many 
sometimes failing to obtain admittance. 



L.C.C. TEACHERS' CONFERENCE. 
The Sixteenth Annual Conference of Teachers called by the 
London County Council was held at the Birkbeok College (January 



THE TRAINING COLLEGE ASSOCIATION. 

Prof. Adams, LL.D., presided at the twentieth Annual General 
Meeting of the Training College Association, hpld at the West- 
minster Palace Hotel (December 20). In his presidential address. 
Dr. Adams said outside critics seldom raised any objection to 
the practical work done in training colleges ; their attack was 
almost entirely directed to the theoretical instruction. They did 
not realize the magnitude of the body of educational facts that 
had ])assed out of the controversial area and were in universal 
recognition. Educational theory had become consolidated to suoli 
an extent that in the training colleges it would be possible to 
spend the whole available time of the students on non-controver- 
sial matters. Yet the practical teacher was apt to be impatient 
of the training college, mainly because of its connexion with 
controversial matters, and the claim was sometimes made that 
the training-college people should go to the pi-actical teacher and 
learn of him. Within limits, the suggestion was a good one, and, 
as a matter of fact, was acted upon by the training-college people, 
who had the advantage of understanding the position of the 
practical teacher, while he did not understand theirs. The 
present position marked a movement towards an organization in 
which University, college, and school would be linked up into 
one whole, with no divided interests, the University supplying 
the theory and its newer development, the school supplying the 
field of practical criticism, and the college holding the balance 
between the two, saving the school from becoming a mere 
institution of rule of thumb and keeping the University within 
the realm of the practical. 

A number of new or amended syllabuses suitable for two-year 
training colleges and adapted for use in connexion with the 
revised curriculum recently approved by the Association, were 
ordered to be transmitted to the Board of Education as samples 
of the kind of syllabus which the Association thought desirable. 
The Chief Inspector of Schools under the Board of Education 
had sent a letter asking for help in revising the suggestions for 
teachers issued in 1905. — The President and other members 
expressed gratification at this informal recognition of the Associa- 
tion as a body of practical persons, and the letter was referred to 
the Syllabus Committee with instructions to act on it. — Canon 
Dennis moved that the question of the work done by student- 
teachers should be remitted to the Committee with instructions 
to see whether it could be improved ; and the motion was 
agreed to. 

NORTH OF ENGLAND EDUCATION CONFERENCE. 

The tenth Annual Meeting of the North of England Education 
Conference was held at Armstrong College, Newcastle-upon- 
Tj'ne, on January 4, 6, and 6, under the presidency of Earl Grey, 
President of Armstrong College. It was a very large gathering, 
the Universities of Durham, Sheffield, Leeds, and Manchester, 
together with the public Education Authorities of Northumber- 
land, Durham, Yorkshire, Lancashire, Cumberland, and West- 
morland, and various teachers' organizations, being well 
represented. In united conference were discussed (1) "Edu- 
cation and Practical Life," paper by Sir Hugh Bell, and 
(2) " Education and the State in relation to (a) Curriculum. 
(6) Finance, (c) the Division of Control as between the Central 
and Local Authority," paper by Vice-Chancellor Sadler. The 
sectional meetings discussed the planning of elementary school 
buildings, the teaching of historj' bj' means of local records, a 
shorter curriculum and fewer examinations in secondary schools, 
the awarding of scholarships, the methods of raising the moral 
tone of the corporate life of the school, and the place of Art in a 



Feb. 1, 1912] 



THE EDDCATIONAL TIMES 



57 



liberal education. The papers were on a high level of excellence, 
and the discussion spirited and instructive. Sir Hugh Bell 
insisted on the importance of training the mind over the cram- 
ming of it with facts; on the necessity for sedulous ])reparation 
lor practical life ; on maintaining a wide and free outlook; on 
limiting State interference to seeing that good citizens are turned 
out as speedily as possible; and on adapting the teaching to the 
varying conditions of the locality. He hoped to see the school 
age raised to sixteen, and the coming citizen kept under suitable 
discipline from fourteen to si.xteen, " those two crucial years." 
Dr. Sadler contended that complete control of education by the 
State is inexpedient and impracticable : " the essential thing is 
that the intellectual and moral autonomy of every school, college, 
and University should be secured, subject to the enforcement of 
sufficient guarantees for the adequate discharge of its appointed 
duties and of its responsiveness to the valid claims imposed upon 
it by public trust." Over-regulation he held to be a mistake. 
" History proves the value of the good private school as a pioneer 
in new educational methods and as the preserver of some 
temporarily unfashionable aspects of educational truth." 



NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF EDUCATION 
OFFICERS. 

The Annual Conference of the National Association of Educa- 
tion Officers was held (December 20) at Sheffield University, 
Mr. Percival Sharp, Secretary of the St. Helens Education 
Committee, jtresiding. The President said that their schools 
wanted not inspection, but inspiration, and he would like the 
word " inspectors " to be blotted out of their education vocabulary. 
The ideal schoolmaster knew and loved the child, and his staff 
regarded him as the head of the household. Would that the 
Inspector were the ideal schoolmaster of schoolmasters ! Fifteen 
years ago the Inspector was a kind of glorified check-weighman 
for the Board of Education. Those were the days of payment 
by results. Then they had Inspectors with a craving for uni- 
formity in the teacher. The third and present stage was the 
day of the Junior Inspector — the young man with social ante- 
cedents, who brought with him that attitude of complete 
detachment which the Board loved, and which, translated into 
plain words, counted nothing more than a perfect ignorance of 
the duties he was called upon to perform. A new and higher 
conception of school inspection was due. Much too often they 
felt the dead hand of the destructive critic, and much too 
seldom did they feel the warm, living soul of the constructive 
inspirer. — Among the subjects discussed was the proposed 
formation of a National Council of Educational Administration, 
which had the general approval of the Conference. 



THE CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION. 

A General Meeting of the Classical Association was held 
(January 8) at King's College, London, Dr. Kenyon, C.B., Prin- 
cipal Librarian of the British Museum, presiding. The Bishop 
o£ Lincoln took for the subject of his presidential address, 
" Hellenism as a Force in History," and worked it out instruc- 
tively. An animated discussion took place, on a motion by 
Prof. E. A. Gardner (University College), " that it is desirable 
that Greek should be made an alternative subject of study with 
Latin in institutions where one classical language only can be 
studied." To give Greek a fair chance on its merits (he said) 
two things are essential — first, that Greek and Latin should be 
alternatives where both are not required, in University entrance 
examinations and their equivalents ; and that the test for Greek 
should not be merely in grammar, but in intelligent reading 
and translating of classical authors ; and, secondly, that all those 
responsible for classical teaching in schools should be competent 
to teach Greek as well as Latin. It would therefore be a grave 
mistake to allow honours in LTiiiversities in one classical lan- 
guage only. If the choice of Greek involves no subsequent dis- 
ability and the possibility of learning it is brought within the 
reach of all capable of profiting by it, what remains is to con- 
vince teachers and parents of its educative value, and to encourage 
its study, especially in girls' schools and other schools free to 
choose their curriculum. This is a task in which the Classical 
Association and the Hellenic Society may well co-operate, with 
confident hope of a successful issue. — Prof. Gilbert Murray 
seconded, and a prolonged debate ensued, Prof. Sonnenschein 



eventually moving that the discussion be adjourned to the next 
regular meeting of the Association. — The motion was carried. 

Miss H. L. Lorimer (Somerville College, Oxford) read a 
scholarly and interesting paper on " Dress in Homer and 
in Ai'chaic Greek Art " — Prof. Haverfield gave a critical and 
charming paper on "Roman London." — In the evening, at a 
conversazione at Mercers' Hall, Prof. Murray read a learned 
paper on " The Ritual of Dionysus and the Forms of Greek 
Tragedy." 



THE MATHEMATICAL ASSOCIATION. 

Prof. E. W. Hobson, in the course of his presidential address 
at the Annual Meeting of the Mathematical Association, held 
(.lauuary 10) at the Day Training College, Southampton Row, 
remarked that a great change in the spirit of teaching mathe- 
matics had already taken place. The rigid insistence on the 
theoretical side was giving place to the more practical side of the 
subject, rising only gradually to the more abstract and theoret- 
ical side. The merits of the " rigorous " and " intuitive " 
methods of mathematical teaching were discussed, and the 
President said Euclid was not now regarded as good by either 
school of teaching. His teachings were neither rigorous nor 
))ractical. — Mr. G. St. L. Carson, in a paper on " Some Unrealized 
Possibilities of Mathematical Education," said the mathematician 
was no longer regarded as a dreamer of dreams ; he was classed 
with the doctor, the engineer, the chemist, and all those whose 
specialized labours had had immense import for the human race. 
— Dr. Macaulay contended that the philosophical side of mathe- 
matics had only been developed in comparatively recent years, 
and was not in that simplified state in which they could profit- 
ably teach it to young students. — Mr. Carson, in reply, said 
it would be possible, if they recast their ideas of elementary 
teaching. 



THE MODERN LANGUAGE ASSOCIATION. 

The Annual Meeting of the Modern Language Association was 
held at Birmingham (January 4), Mr. J. L. Paton (Manchester 
Grammar School) presiding. — Mr. Neville Chamberlain welcomed 
the delegates on behalf of the Council of the University. — In his 
presidential address Mr. Paton said they wanted the modern 
language teacher to be in every respect on a level with his 
classical colleague and to be as much a scholar, in the true sense 
of the word, as any master on the staff. They were beginning 
to see that internationalism was to be the note of the future, 
just as nationalism had been the note of the past century. — Prof. 
Wichmann said as a result of modern language studies there 
existed in Germany a widespread knowledge of the conditions 
prevailing in other countries, a sincere goodwill towards foreign 
nations, and a strong desire to live at peace with them. Had 
this not been the case he doubted if a few months ago wiser 
counsels would have got the upper hand of national passion 
stirred up to fever heat. The German schoolmaster last summer 
saved the peace of Europe. 



THE ENGLISH ASSOCIATION. 

The English Association held its annual conference at Univer- 
sity College, Loudon (January 12 and 13). The most practical 
subject of discussion was "The Teaching of English Composi- 
tion in Schools." Mr. F. S. Boas, who presided, said there was 
general agreement (1) that the term "composition" must be intei-- 
preted in the broadest possible sense, including oral as well as 
written composition, and that it must be considered in relation 
to all other allied forms of self-expression — artistic, manual, and 
so forth ; (i) that composition was in some respects the most im- 
portant branch of the English curriculum, or, at any rate, it was 
the part by which the capacity of the average boy or girl was 
chiefly judged on leaving school ; and (') that it was the most 
difficult of all branches of English teaching.— Miss E. A. Ford 
(Clapham Day Training College), who read the first paper, dealt 
with the teaching of composition in relation to the teaching of 
literature. It was a fact, she said, that the average English 
schoolboy or girl on leaving school could not write English. It 
seemed clear that teachers had not realized sufficiently the im- 
portance of the teaching of the mother tongue. They had been 
too sanguine : they had imagined that the child would gradually 
grow to a knowledge of the use of its mother tongue. Miss 



58 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Feb. 1, 1912. 



Ford's paper was designed to show that the literature lesson 
provided very good opportunities of exercising children in com- 
jiositiou. It was mainly from the literature lesson that children, 
after a certain age, learned new words. — Dr. Bouse (Perse School, 
Cambridge), in a paper on " The Place of English Comjjosition 
in the Language Scheme of a Secondary School," said the sub- 
stance of his paper could be given in one sentence : " English 
composition is the foundation for all other work." If the 
pupil could not express his thought he was hampered in 
every study, and so English composition was the founda- 
tion of alL other work. Systematic training in English com- 
position was more needed now than it used to be, because 
now the school teacher had no help from the home. The 
days when mothers and nurses told stories to the children 
were gone. The teacher liad now to bring out latent facul- 
ties which in times gone by would often have been vigorous. 
He took composition to include speech, writing, and acting. 
Education which neglected any one of these was defective. As 
to composition, they wei'e feeling their way. No one could say 
that this or that was the right way to teach composition. The 
paramount necessity was clearness, and teachers could not be 
too careful in guarding against premature elegance. — Mr. George 
Sampson (Bellendeu lload Higher Grade School) dealt with the 
subject of " Oral Composition in Upper Classes." He empha- 
sized the point that oral composition was not to be regarded as 
merely a preparation for written composition. It was a thing in 
itself, and regular practice in it ought to be continued through- 
out school life. Mr. Sampson went in detail into various ways 
of cultivating lucid speech among the pupils in a class, such as 
answers to questions, recapitulation of a lesson just learned, 
complete narration, discussion, and debates. 

A discussion followed the reading of the papers. Miss E. J. 
Morley (Reading University College) spoke of the amount of 
school time necessary for the subject of composition. — Mr. A. H. 1). 
Acland, as Chairman of the Consultative Committee, Board of 
Education, invited opinions as to whether the kind of composition 
demanded in scholarship and kindred examinations was calcu- 
lated to affect injuriously the kind of teaching advocated in the 
papers which had just been read. — Mr. P. J. Hartog (Academic 
Registrar of London University) urged that the aim which all 
leachers of English composition should have was to get from 
their pupils the actual expression of the pupils' own thoughts. 
—Mr. W. J. Addis (County School, Brockley) protested against 
the statement of Miss Ford that no English boy or girl on leav- 
ing school could write good English. — Dr. Rouse, in reply to 
Mr. Aclaud's question, said that, in talking to teachers of all 
sorts of subjects, he found that, when asked if there was any 
obstacle in the way of making such-and-such an improvement, 
the answer invariably was — public examinations. 



THE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION. 
The sixth Annual General Jleeting of the Historical Association 
was held at Manchester University (January 11-13), Prof. Tout 
presiding. The subject of chief interest was perhaps the 
attitude of the teacher towards controversial questions of the 
present day. Prof. Hearnshaw (Armstrong College) suggested 
that until adolescence— fourteen years of age — present-day 
controversial problems should be strictly barred in every shape 
and form in the school curriculum, and that, as to the problems 
of the past— tliose of the seventeenth century, for example — the 
teacher should train the pupil in the historical method and show 
him how to approach these questions with openness of mind. 
Secondly, when the age of fourteen was reached, and the pupil 
had become more mature in his thought, definite instruction 
should be given, in adult schools or continuation schools, in 
modern political problems, hut again from a strictly impartial 
jjoint of view. In conclusion, Prof. Hearnshaw said the teacher 
should always maintain an attitude of strict impartiality in 
respect of the political controversies of the times.— Prof. Grant 
(Leeds University) urged the importance of so teaching history 
as to show the continuity of our own age with the ages "that had 
gone before. The historic sense was of immense "importance. 
As to the relation between the teaching of history and politics, 
his own feeling was that by concentrating his attention on 
political science the teacher of liistory did not really help political 
doctrine, while at the same time he injureil the study of history. 
—Prof. Findlay (Manchester University) thought it was more 
important that they should claim their freedom as citizens than 
ask for any special power to train the citizens of the future. 
Their influence and scholarship must be used, but thev muse 



train the pupil not to look to them for beliefs ; and the method 
of using documents and materials and letting the scholars form 
their own judgment was stiperseding tlie old method, by whicli 
the teacher supplied both the documents and the judgment. 
There was no reason for concealing their judgments, but ec|uall} 
there was no reason tor volunteering them. The root of the 
whole matter was intellectual freedom. They claimed it for 
themselves, and the}' must give it also to their scholars. 

Prof. Pollard said he had been astonished to hear two people 
say that we should eliminate recent history from the studies of 
children under the age of fourteen. About 80 or 90 per cent, ol 
the children who were later going to exercise votes left school 
before the age of fourteen. Were tliey going to refrain from 
any attempt to instruct these future citizens in the way in 
which they were to exercise their votes ? The general opinion 
seemed to be that the teaching of politics should be eliminated 
as far as possible and the teaching of party politics eliminated 
entirely. But every political question was an old question, and 
when they were teacliing the sixteenth and the seventeenth 
centuries they would be ever coming across these questions of 
Home Rule and the Poor Law, which were matters of party- 
politics in the present day. How, then, were they going to 
touch such periods P He would make the teacher's method of 
teaching controversial questions a test of his efficiency as a 
teacher of history. The Unionist teacher must be able to present 
a plausible case for Home Rule. If he could not do so he had no 
business to be a Unionist, and vice I'ersa. It was said of 
Charles James Fox that he could put the case for his opponent 
better than his opponent could do it for liimself, and if they 
wanted to understand history they must be able to present 
to their own minds three or four sides to every question. 
There were more than two sides to every question, and they 
must get that into their minds and into the minds of their 
])upils as well. Their object was not to produce a body of 
political truth, but to create an attitude of mind ; for that, and 
not the acquisition of knowledge, was the object of education. 

A i-esolution "that external examinations for boys and girls 
under the age of sixteen are as undesirable in history as in 
ever}' other subject," was carried unanimously. 

The teaching of history in elementary schools was also dis- 
cussed on a motion by Mr. F. J. Adkins, President of the Shef- 
field Branch of the Association, "that a course of history in- 
struction sufficient to give children as significant an idea as their 
age will permit of the growth and nature of the British State 
should be a first charge upon the time of elementary schools 
for older children." Prof. Pollard assured the meeting that 
the educational authorities were well disposed to increased 
specialization aud regarded with friendly eyes the pi-oposal made 
by the Historical Association a year ago, that there should be in 
every school, primary or secondary, at least one person specially 
(pialified to teach history. The great obstacle to carrying the idea 
into effect was offered by the teachers themselves. In order to 
assist the supply of competent teachers of history the LTni versify of 
London had started a diploma in history, and teaching for that 
diploma was given entirely in the evening at such times as it was 
possible for the teachers to attend. It was a four years' course, 
and already developments were contemplated. He commended 
the example of London in this matter to Manchestei' and other 
Universities. — Prof. Leonard (Bristol) said the Association must 
soon take up the <iuestion of teaching history to working men 
and women. Classes for this purpose were successfully at work 
in Bristol.— Prof. Qnwin (Manchester), Mr. J. L. Paton (High 
Master of Manchester Grammar School), and others continued 
the discussion, aud the proposition moved by Mr. Adkins was 
adopted. 

THE GEOGRAPHICAL ASSOCIATION. 

TuE Annual Meeting of the Geographical Association was held 
at University College, London (January 13). The report showed 
that the Association now had a membership of 962, an increase 
of 60 during the year. Two new branches had been formed, one 
at Leeds and one at Chester. Dr. G. R. Parkin (Organizing 
Secretary of the Rhodes Scholarship Trust) was elected President 
of the Association for the ensuing year. 

In his presidential address Dr. Parkin declared that no nation 
in the world had so much reason to study geography as our own. 
Every year some 300,000 left this country for some other land. 
It was of great importance that these people should know some- 
thing about the condition of the country they were going to, for 
it was going to shape their future characters. About four years 



Feb. 1, 191'2.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



59 



ago, when staying iu Montreal, he was asked : " What do yon 
think of this as a country for a white man — 35 deg. below zero 
last night ? " Dr. Parkin said that he considered it one of 
Canada's greatest assets. " How i-* " he was asked. He replied 
that an occasional 3.5 below zero ruled out the black population 
altogether. It kept out the immense Mediterranean flow which 
was sweeping across Central America, and therefore the popula- 
tion consisted of the strong Northern races. Canada accordingly 
must be one of the strong "Northern races of the world. More 
important still was the effect of the climate on the Englishman 
in the submerged tenth of Canada. Nature there took such 
a man as it were by the scruif of the neck and said : " If you 
don't have industry, foresight, and prudence, you will die." 
The result was that a man of this type got his backbone 
strengthened, and in a generation became a good citizen. He 
did not hesitate to say that the British nation had wasted 
almost more from ignorance of geography than it had in building 
up its enormous War Debt. He instanced, as an example, a 
railway which had been thrown across part of a continent in 
an impossible place for settlers, whereas the acquisition of 
geographical knowledge would have shown that, within a 
hundred or two hundred miles, the line might have sent 
a stream of population flowing through a fertile belt. The 
great outflow of masses of our people seemed almost as 
erratic and instinctive as the drift of the buffalo. Alluding 
to the bearing of geography on commerce, Dr. Parkin spoke 
of the necessity which suddenly arose for finding areas suitable 
for cotton growing within the Empire. A great American 
authority told him recently that it was quite possible that 
within their lifetime the British Empire would be supplying 
itself with cotton. Thousands and thousands of our soldiers 
had perished simply through the absence of a knowledge of 
geography. In South Africa troops were given a hopeless 
task in the belief that a mountain was on the other side of 
the river from where it actually was. From the top of Spion 
Kop one could see as clearly as possible the geographical 
mistake made. Discussing the influence of geogi'aphy study 
on political thought, Dr. Parkin said there was nothing which 
made an outside observer more hopeless about this country 
than the relation of the thought of the people to what the 
Empire actually was. Nobody who knew the conditions under 
which the British Empire existed — that it had to draw its 
food and raw material from the ends of the earth and to send 
its manufactures back again — who did not also know the 
sources of its supply, the region of its markets, the con- 
ditions which made the markets what they were, and the 
necessity of holding the communicating points between them 
in order to maintain our national life, was fit to be a citizen 
of this country in the larger sense of the word. There was 
no part of the teacher's work, outside the building of char- 
acter, which did more towards making a good citizen than 
education of this nature. AVith the old fixed ways of looking 
at things in this country, few people realized the enormous 
changes of character which occurred when emigrants went to 
the outlying parts of the Empire. In tlie study of geography 
there could be nothing more stimulating to the mind of the 
pupil than to be shown the extraordinary influence which was 
going to be exerted on the British race by the various climates 
in which they were now spreading all over the world. He 
believed the Englishman, brought up in their raw, rough 
climate, which every one thought it his duty to grumble 
about, stood excesses of heat and cold almost better than any 
other man. 

Prof. Lyde initiated a discussion on the organization of home 
work in school geography, advocating the graduating of the 
lessons so that the cleverest set of boys received the most dif- 
ficult task. — Miss Bickards urged the desirability of encouraging 
independent work on the part of the elder pupils by making 
them accustomed to deal with information which they could 
obtain themselves from various sources. — Other speakers dealt 
with the combination of geography and English and emphasized 
the importance of children expressing by diagram the lesson 
already taught in school.— Mr. Herbertson, presenting maps 
based on the latest census returns for the world, said that 
approximately the population of Europe was now 400,000,000 ; 
Asia, between 950,000,000 and 1,000,000,000; Africa just over 
130,000,000, and America slightly under that figure. Mr. 
Herbertson also exhibited lantern slides of typical land forms 
selected by a Committee of the International Congress, and Miss 
S. Nicholls showed maps and views of typical laud forms in the 
Near East. 



TEACHING OF HISTORY BY MEANS OF LOCAL 
RECORDS.--- 

By F. J. 0. HE.4HNSHAW, M.A., LL.D., 

Profes.sor of Modern History in .Armstrong College of the University 

of Durham. 



" History," wrote John Richard Green in 1869, " is the most 
unpopular of all branches of literature at the present day." 
Green himself, together with others who caught his noble and 
infectious enthusiasm, did much to restore history to its proper 
place in the regard of the reading public. But long after it 
had regained its rightful position in the realm of literature, it 
waged a doubtful battle in the realm of education. Most of us 
can remember the ignominious rank which was assigned to it 
in the curriculum of the schools in which we were taught, 
the dullness of the sleepy hours during which we learned about 
the dreamy doings of the dead, the burden of the load of dates 
with which our memories were piled. The evidence of our own 
experience is confirmed by statistics. Until 1900, in public 
elementary schools, history was an optional and not a com- 
pulsory subject. Of all the optional subjects it was the one 
least frequently chosen, most generally abhorred. For ex- 
ample : in 1899, out of 522,680 oluldren under the London 
School Board, only 20,765— or less than 4 per cent.— took 
history as a class subject. The code of 1900 raised history 
to the grade of a compulsory subject in public elementary 
schools, and so forced teachers and trainers of teachers to take 
serious account of it. This increased attention in one great 
department of education influenced others also. Examining 
bodies, secondary schools, and Universities, all began to revise 
their syllabuses and to give to history a larger recognition. 
But to make a subject inevitable is not to make it interesting, 
o.xcept to the olBcially minded person to whom whatever is, is 
right. It became necessary, and it still remains necessary, to 
ask why, at the close of the nineteenth century, history was so 
commonly avoided and disliked. The answer is, I think, two- 
fold. First, in the minds of teachers, and of thoughtful people 
generall}', there lingered a suspicion that the value of history 
is small because the truth of history is questionable. " History 
is not worth studying," said Walpole, with that over-emphasis 
which tends to become habitual in politicians, " for we know 
that it must be false." Much the same sentiment was expressed 
of the French journalist and romance writer, Alphonse Karr, 
in the words: " De toutes les histoires ecrites les remans sent 
les seuls dignes de foi." The question of trustworthiness and 
veracity, however, was one that troubled only mature and con- 
scientious minds. To the minds of children the defect of history 
was that it dealt with persons and things remote from their 
everyday experiences, alien from themselves, lacking in those 
elements of common humanity which alone can give a sense 
of kinship. The provisions of Magna Carta, the battles of 
the Wars of the Eoses, the causes of the quarrels between the 
Stuarts and their parliaments— all such things as these, when 
enumerated in the arid summaries of textbooks, were devoid 
of all vital connexion with any of the things which formed 
the environment and made the world of the living child. 
" History is unpopular," said Green, " because it seems more 
and more to sever itself from all that can touch the heart of a 
people." 

If these were the causes of the unpopularity of history in 
the days of Queen Victoria, how far have they been removed in 
the present day, and how can their recurrence be avoided ? It 
may be said at once that the charge of unveracity is rapidly 
becoming invalid. History is recognized as a science, and it 
is now written, and where necessary rewritten, in a spirit of 
scientific thoroughness and impartiality. But it has not yet 
been fully brought into touch with common life, and in order 
that it may be so brought into touch three things are needful: 
first, its vital connexion with current politics must be demon- 
strated; secondly, its social, industrial, and economic aspects 

* A paper read at the North of England Education Conference, 
Newcastle, on January 5, 1912. 



60 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Feb. 1, 1912. 



must be emphasized; thirdly, it must be illustrated wherever 
possible by means of local records and relics. It is not my 
business now to deal with the first two methods of con\eyin{; 
the breath of life to the dry bones of the past. I must limit 
myself to the task of showing the advantage which the teacher 
gains when he is able to give to the " airy nothings " of the 
textbook writer " a local habitation and a name." 

II. 

In order to guard against possible misapprehension let me 
say, first of all, that I do not contend that " local history " 
as a separate subject should find a place in the school curri- 
culum. B}' itself it would be too thin, too limited in scope, 
too trivial. It would fail in one of the prime objects of his- 
torical instruction, wliich is to enlarge the horizon of the mind, 
to widen the sympathies, to raise the growing interest of the 
child above the barriers of his own restricted life. I hold, on 
the contrary, that local history should be kept in complete 
subordination to general liistory, and should be treated simply 
as a means by which general history may be the more 
effectively taught. I would refuse to allow any separate hour 
to be assigned to it in the time table, and would urge, instead, 
that no hour in which history is taught should remain de\-oid 
of its presence and its influence. 

As auxiliary to general history, the history embodied in local 
records and relics seems to me to fulfil the following important 
functions: — 

(1) It supplies illustrations and furnishes that detail with- 
out which the abstractions of the historical te.\tbook remain 
unrealized. Textbook accounts of national events are neces- 
sarily brief and bare. Tliey lack atmosphere. They conve.y to 
the imagination of a child impressions little more ^ivid than 
those conveyed by the multiplication table or the axioms of 
geometry. The feudal system, for example (assuming it to 
have existed), is little less difficult to grasp and to explain than 
the binomial theorem (a.ssuming it to be true); but if a child 
can bo taken to a Norman castle one important aspect of 
feudalism, viz. the military aspect, can, to some extent, be made 
clear to him; while if the Domesday report upon some manor 
in liis immediate neighbourhood is elucidated, he will at least 
realize that William the Conqueror ^\'as a man and not a more 
historic symbol or pedagogic x. 

(2) It brings history into touch with actual life and with 
everyday experience. Outlines of general history are forced, 
by reason of the immensity of their theme, to confine them- 
selves to big men and great subjects. They cannot help it. 
But the result is that they are " wound too high, for moital 
man beneath the sky." Historians, like Macaulay, who come 
down from their lofty pedestal and walk the common ways of 
men, have to give up tlie attempt to portraj' long epochs, and 
to limit their realistic efforts to a microscopic portion of the 
span of human evolution. Now local records and relics, when 
they are available, serve to bring now one fragment of the 
nation's story, now another, into relation with history of the 
village or the borough community. Thus they tend to invest 
not only the related fragments, but the whole with actuality. 
There are few places in England which are not within reach of 
some historic site, few which ha\e not been associated with some 
man of more than local note, few whose parish or municipal 
registers are wholh^ devoid of reference to events of national 
imjwrtance, few which have had nothing to do with any move- 
ment which has affected the kingdom at large. Places such as 
Vork and Lancaster, Durham and Newcastle, are so full of 
historic associations, that it is almost possible to write the his- 
tory of England from the j'oint of view of any one of them. 
Teachers who fail to use the treasures of localized liistory 
neglect one of the most potent instruments by means of which 
they can make the story of the English nation a vivid and 
fascinating one to their pupils. 

(3) History taught by means of local records and relics has 
the educational merit of proceeding from the known to the 
unknown, from the more familiar to the less familiar. In 
Germany Ueimatkvnde, or knowledge of one's native place, 
forms a recognized basis of instruction. Topography prepares 
the way for geography; the plan of the village makes intelli- 
gible the map of the world; the spectacle of the policeman fits 
the imagination to comprehend the idea of the distant central 



go\'ernment, and so on. Similarly history begins at home, and 
its sphere is extended until it touches the national history by 
means of the Ausfliii/, or excursion to spots where noteworthy 
events took place, where relics remain, or where records are 
preserved. We, in England, would do well to bear the German 
principle in mind, even if we do not feel ourselves free to 
apply it with the pedantic thoroughness of our Continental 
cousins. 

(4) Local records emphasize and bring into prominence the 
social, industrial, and economic aspects of history. The dramatic 
events of general history are wars and diplomatic conflicts, 
and the easil}' besetting temptation of the historian is to give 
them somewhat more than their due attention. Of course they 
are important; but they are not the only things that are im- 
portant. After all, the State exists for the nation, and not the 
nation for tho State. Politics, with its international and its 
parliamentary crises, is only a means to an end, viz. the pro- 
vision and the maintenance of the conditions of the good life 
for the people at large. Politics loom too large in general 
histories. From local records they are, as a rule, totally absent. 
Thus local records " call a new world into e.xistence to redress 
the balance of the old." They bear witness to the slow but 
sure development of the commonalty; they tell of the evolution 
of popular government; they show the effects of industrial and 
commercial changes; thej' speak of birth and death, of love and 
mortal sorrow, of faith and immortal hope. I do not think, 
for instance, that I ever realized what the plague meant to 
medieval England until I looked through the burial registers 
of a little Hampshire village, and noted how, in bad years, in 
family after family, mother and baby, father and son, brother 
and sister, husband and wife, were carried in swift succession 
to one common grave. 

(5) Local records do for English liistor}'- one service over and 
above those which they render in the case of the histories of 
most other countries. They point tho way to a realization of 
the process by which the English constitution has been devel- 
oped. Tlie local community, rural or municipal, was the original 
unit out of wluch the Britisli Empire has been constructed. 
Communal self-government preceded national self-government; 
Parliament was at first " a concentration of local machinery "; 
municipal charters were the model upon which Magna Carta 
was framed; Protection and Free Trade -nere borough problems 
before they became Imperial problems. Local records, there- 
fore, especially in the cases of the larger English towns and 
cities, not infrequently provide most instructive evidence as to 
how, on a small scale, in distant days questions were dealt with 
which have now become of international importance. 

(6) Local records provide admirable opportunities for prac- 
tice in historical research to teachers and to their more advanced 
scholars. The sort of thing that can be done, even by the 
intelligent but uninspired amateur, is shown by the summaries, 
all made to a rigid pattern, which, under the name of local 
history, give collected scraps of information respecting manors 
and villages in the " Victoria County History " scries. Very 
much more can he accomplished by the zealous student who can 
concentrate his efforts upon one place, and who can bring to his 
work both local knowledge and an acquaintance with the course 
of general history. It not infrequently happens that those 
who begin by endea\-ouring to solve some knottj' problem in 
local liistory end by finding that they have in their hands a clue 
to the solution of some obscure question or other in the con- 
stitutional history of the country. 

(7) Fiu.ally, the study of histoiy from local records tends to 
stimulate ^vhat I, perhaps, may be allowed to call local 
"patriotism." It shows the significance of things famiKar; 
it rouses a lively interest in objects which otherwise might 
seem common and base; it invests every well known spot and 
every existing institution with associations with bygone genera- 
tions of notable and worthy men; it makes it appear to be an 
object not beneath the dignity of tho modern citizen to main- 
tain tho heritage of the past, and to transmit it unimpaired 
to the ages that are to come. 

For these reasons, then, I venture to urge teachers and 
students generally to make full use of such local records as 
may be accessible to them in their teaching and their study of 
English histoiy, in the assurance that to do so will be to 
impart new interest and new vitality to their work. 



Feb. 1. 191 2.] THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 61 



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[Feb. 1, 1912. 



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Educational Booksellers 
a.nd Stationers, 



Feb. 1. 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



03 



BLACKIE'S LIST. 



JUST ISSUED. 



THE 



GROUNDWORK OF 
BRITISH HISTORY 



BY 



GEORGE TOWNSEND WARNER, M.A. 



Sometime Fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge ; 

Jloderu Side in Harrow School ; Author of 

Survey of British History," &c. 

AND 



blaster 
A Brief 



.f till 



C. H. K. MARTEN, M.A., 

Balliol College, Oxford ; Assistant Master at Ktou College. 
With Maps, Time Charts, and Full Index. 

764 pages, super crown 8vo, 6s. Also in Two Parts, 3s. 6d. each. 

An English History for Middle and Upper Forms, adapted to the 
methods of modern teaching of the subject, has long been called for. 
Mr. Townsend Warner's "Brief Survey of British History" has 
been found well suited to the needs of Lower Forms, and it is hoped 
that the present work will prove equally serviceable for Middle and 
Upper Forms. 

THE STUDY OF PLANT LIFE FOR 
YOUNG PEOPLE. 

By MARIE C. STOPE8, D.Sc, ic. New Edition. Fiillv lllnstrateil. 
Price 38. 6d. 

ELEMENTARY PHYSIOLOGY. 

By Prof. AINSWORTH DAVIS, Principal of the Agiicultural College. 
Cirenci'sler. ^Vitll Appendix for Agricultaral Students. Cloth. 2s. 

AN INTRODUCTION TO PRACTICAL 
CHEMISTRY. 

By G. B. NEAVE, M.A., D.Sc, itnil J. WATSON AGNEW. F.I.C., Lec- 
turers and Denmnstrutors in the Depa:tinent of Cheinistr.v. Glasgow and 
"West of Scotland Technical College. 28. net. 
Pi-imarily intended for tlie use < f First Year Students of Chemistry before 

they proceed to a course of qualita.ne and quantitative analysis. 

A NEW ENGLISH COURSE ON MODERN LINES. 

A FIRST ENGLISH COURSE. 

By FRANK JONES, B.A., Assistant ^Faster, King Edward's School, Aston, 
Kirmiiighrnn : Lecturer in English lit the Birmingham ami Midland In- 
stitute : Joint Autlior of Scott and Jo.ne.s's Latin Course. Crown 8vo, 
clotli, price 2s. 6d. 

BLACKIE'S LITTLE FRENCH CLASSICS. 

Representing all important French uutiiors Ironi Mont:usrne to Kourget. 
100 Volumes, 4d„ 6d., lOd. 

CoDijilete List mi applicatinn. 

BLACKIE'S ENGLISH TEXTS. 

6d. each. Blue limp cloth c<»vers. Over 100 \'oluines. To be used in correla- 
tion with the study of Eng^lish Literature and History. 

List on apf)licaf/on. 

THE EMPIRES OF THE OLD WORLD 
To the Fall of Rome. 

By M. BRAMSTON, S.Th., Author of " Judit-a and Her Rulers," " Dawn of 
Revelation,"' \c. Crown 8vo, Illustrated, 3s. 6d- 
The increase of general interest in the iincient world is showing itself in a 
widespread disposition lo include the outlines of ancient history in the school 
curriculum. The ditheulty has been to lind a bnok wliich. while taking account 
of the results of the latest research, was yet simple aiut full of human interest. 



FhU part'cithirs on application (o 

BLACKIE & SON, LTD., 50 OLD BAILEY, LONDON, E.G. 



ADVERTISEMENT SCALE. 

Whole Page— Ordinary £4 10 Position £5 10 

Half Page ,, 2 10 , 3 

Quarter Page „ 1 10 „ 1 15 

Per inch in broad column (half width of page) ... 7 

Narrow Column (one-third page) 2 

General Scholastic Advertisements (Colleges, Schools, Classes, Tuition, 4c.), 

38. 5d. for 6 lines, or 4s. 6d. the inch. 

SituationsVacant and Wanted— 30 worde or under, 28. ; each additional 10 words, 

6d. (For Is. extra, Replies may be addressed to the Publishing Office, and will 

be forwarded post free.) 



CURRENT EVENTS. 



At the Members' Meeting of the College of 
Preceptors, on February 21, Prof. Adams will 
read a paper on " The Middleman in Educa- 
tion : the Appearance of a New Functionary." 

* # 
* 

Ox February 8, Prof. Adams will commence, at the 
College of Preceptors, a course of twelve lectures to teach- 
ers on " The Psychology essential to Efficient Work in the 
School." 



The Common Entrance Examination (Preparatoi'y 
Schools), Lent Term, will be held on March 14 and 15. 

* « 

For the Tuesday Evening Lectures in connexion with the 
Francis Galton Laboratory for National Eugenics apply to 
the Secretary, University College. 

* 

Mrs. A. Hingston QatGGiN, M.A., will lecture to the Froebel 
Society at University College, London, on ■' Primitive In- 
dustries " : February 8 (" The Quest for Food "), February 22 
("Habitations"), March 7 ("Clothing"), at 6 p.m. Non- 
members must obtain tickets (6d. each lecture) beforehand 
from Miss Temple Orme, LL.D., Froebel Society, 4 Blooms- 
bury Square, W.O. 

* # 
* 

Mr. Ben. H. Morgan is delivei'ing a series of six addresses 
on " The Trade, Industry, and Finance of the British 
Empire," at the London School of Economics, Clare Market, 
W.C. February 7, '■ Canada and Newfoundland " ; Feb- 
ruary 21, " Australia and New Zealand." Hour, 5 p.m. 

* * 
* 

Mr. a. D. Lindsay, M.A,, will lectui'e to the Fabian Edu- 
cation Group at Cliiford's Inn Hall on "'What Oxford can 
do for the Higher Education of Working People," Feb- 
ruary 6, at 8 p.m. Open. 

Mr. Frederick Kettle, B.A., will address a Group Meet- 
ing at 3 Clement's Inn, Strand, on "Adventures in School- 
keeping," February 15, at 7.30. Open to members, associates, 

and their friends. 

* * 
* 

The Annual General Meeting of the Moral Education 
League will be held in the Lecture Hall of the Royal 
Society of Arts, John Street, Adelphi, W.C, on February 13, 
at 8.15 p.m. Mrs. Bryant, D.Sc, Litt.D., will deliver an 
address on " The Many-sidedness of Moral Education." 

Open to the public. 

* * 
# 

The Annual Conference of the School Nature Study Union 
will be held on February 3 at 2.30 p.m. Lecture by Prof. J. 
Arthur Thomson, M.A. Publishers' Exhibition. Hon. Secre- 
tary : H. E. Turner, 1 Grosvenor Park, Camberwell. S.E. 

* * 
# 

Mr. Charles E. Kbyser will lecture to the Selboine 

Society in the Theatre of the Civil Service Commission, 



64 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Feb. 1, 1912. 



Burlington Gardens, W., on " English Cathedrals," Feb- 
ruary 19, at 6.30 ii.m. (6d.). 



# * 
* 



A Summer School of Theology for men and women will be 

held at Oxford (Hall of Trinity College), July 22 to August 2, 

embracing about fifty lectures on the Philosophy of Religion, 

Old and New Testament, Church History, and Comparative 

Religion. Detailed announcements later. 

# * 
« 

At the Polyglot Club (4 Southampton Row) the following 

lectures will be given (S.30 p.m.) : February 3, " La Danse 

g-recque (causerie litteraire)," with illustration ; February 5, 

" The Dramatic Art of Ibsen and Shaw," by Mr. H. F. 

Rubenstein; February 10, " I Trionfi d'ltalia," by Dottor C. 

Stander ; Februai-y 12, " Betrachtungen iiber Shakespeares 

Richard III," by Herr A. Robin.son ; February 13, "El 

Nacimiento y la Muerte de los Astros," by Prof. Tarrida del 

Marmol ; February 22, " A. N. Apukhtin, his Life and 

Poetry," by Mme M. Ivanova ; February 24, '' Sulle cause 

del predominio della tubercolosi in Inghilterra," by Dottor C. 

Ballabene. 



Honours. 



Among the New Year Honours are knight- 
hoods conferred upon Dr. H. A. Miers, Prin- 
cipal of the University of London ; Dr. Henry 
Jones, Professor of Moral Philosophy in the University of 
Glasgow ; Dr. Bertram C. A. Windle, President of Uni- 
versity College, Cork ; Dr. E. B. Tylor, Emeritus Professor 
of Anthropology in the University of Oxford ; and Mr. 
W. F. Barrett," F.R.S., ex-Professor of Physics in the 
Royal College of Science, Dublin. 

* * 
* 

The Senate of the University of St. Andrews has decided 

to confer the following honorary degrees J>i absentia upon 

the following distinguished men, who were chosen for the 

degrees on the occasion of the celebration of the five 

hundredth anniversary of the foundation of the University 

last September, but were unable to be present on that 

occasion ; — 

D.D. : Prof. Emile Doumergue, Professor of Church History and 
Dean of the Faculty of Theology, University of Montauban. 

LL.D. : Prof. Pietro Blasema, Professor of Experimental Physics in 
the University of Rome, President R. Aocademia dei Lincei ; Prof. 
U. J. M. HiU, F.R.S., Astor Professor of Pure Mathematics, Uni- 
versity College, London, and lately Vice-ChanceUor of the University 
of London ; Dr. Hugo Kronecker, Professor of Physiology, University 
of Berne; Prof. G. M. Jlittag-Leifler, Professor of Pui-e Mathematics 
in the University of Stockholm and Rector of that University, Founder 
and Editor of Ada Malhematiea ; M. Paul Meyer, Comniandeur de la 
Legion d'Honneur, Directeur de I'Ecole Nationale des Chartes, Paris, 
Professeur honoraire au College de France ; Prof. Karl Pearson, F.R.S., 
Galton Professor of Eugenics and Director of the Laboratory of National 
Eugenics, LTniversity of London ; Mr. Charles D. Waleott, Secretary of 
the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, U.S.A. ; and Prof. P. Zorn, 
Gcheimrat, Professor of International Law in the University of Bonn. 

« # 
* 

Sir Edward Elgar has been elected an Associate of the 
Academie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres, et des Beaux 
Arts of Belgium. 

* * 

* 

The Academy of Sciences of the Royal Institute of 
Bologna has awarded the de Cyon Prize of 3,000 lire (about 
£120) for 1911 to Prof. E. A." Schiifer, Professor of Physi- 
ology in the University of Edinburgh, for his work on the 
ductless glands. 



Lady M'Laren has presented a helio- 
meter to the Univei-sity of Aberdeen. The 
gift was made through Sir David Gill, 
who has long used the instrument at the Cape and else- 



Endowments and 
Benefactions. 



where, and who has been advising as to the selection of a 
site and equipment for the proposed observatory at Aber- 
deen. 



* « 

* 



The University of London has granted provisional recog- 
nition to a scheme for the endowment of Home Science and 
Economics at King's College for Women, for which purpose 
£50,000 has been promised. 

The University has also accepted £614 raised by Mrs. 
J. R. Green for the endowment of Celtic ; and an oifer by 
Mr. Albert Reitlinger to found a prize of £40 a year in 
memory of his late son, Paul Philip Reitlinger. 



Dr. R. D. Roberts has left (subject to certain life in- 
terests) a considerable bequest to the University College of 
Wales, Aberystwyth, to provide the nucleus of a fund for 
affording a Sabbatical year of absence for Professors on 
full salary, after not less than ten years of service. 



* # 



Sir Charles Chadwyck-Healey has given 
Cranleigh College to establish a laboratory. 



£4,000 to 



Under a draft scheme for the Newcomen Charity School, 
Southwark, it is proposed to apply £500 a year to maintain 
scholarships tenable at St. Olave's and St. Saviour's Gram- 
mar Schools and at the Borough Polytechnic. 



Armstrong College, Newcastle-on-Tyne, has been left 
£2,000 under the will of the late Mr. T. G. Gibson, Lesbury, 
Northumberland, Solicitor. 

* * 

The Rev. Cecil H. Maunsell, of Thorpe Malsor Hall, 
Kettering, Rector of Thorpe Malsor, has left the advowson 
of Thorpe Malsor (£373 net, and residence) to Keble College, 
Oxford. 

m * 
* 

The Jetvish Chronicle announces that a wealthy Jew, a 
native of India, has bequeathed a sum of £80,000 for the 
endowment of a Jewish College in Jerusalem. This is 
regarded as likely to form the nucleus of an endowment for 
a University in Palestine — a project long cherished by lead- 
ing Jews in all countries. 

* * 

The Marquise Arconati-Visconti has given £20,000 to- 
the University of Paris for the Faculties of Medicine and 
Letters. 



M. Maeterlinck has established — partly by devotion of 
his Nobel Prize — a Maeterlinck Prize of 16,000 francs to be 
awarded every second year to the author of the most re- 
markable book published in French. 

# « 
* 

America's philanthropic benefactions duiing 1911, as com- 
piled by the New York Herald (says the New York corre- 
spondent of the Standard), total £49,000,000, surpassing all 
records. Since 1901 the aggregate is £245,000,000. Mr. 
Carnegie heads this year's philanthropic gifts with 
£8,000,000, £5,000,000 going to the Carnegie Foundation 
and £2,000,000 to the Carnegie Institute. 



The benefactions received by Columbia University for the 
year ending June 30 last amounted to £507,000 ; including 
Barnard College and Teachers College, very nearly to 
£600,000. The total of gifts in money alone to the several 



Feb. 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



65 



corporations included in the University during tte last ten 
years reaches £3,310,000. In 1901 there were 81 pro- 
fessors, in 1911 there were 177, and the teachers of all 

griides rose from 396 to 721. 

« * 

Harvard received £350,000 last year ; Princeton, £340,000. 
Fifty-two other institutions of learning aggregated some 
£4,000,000. 



Scholarships 
!iud Prizes. 



GONVILLE AND CaiUS COLLEGE, Cam- 
bridge, offers, in June, the Wollaston 
Research Studentship in Physics, £120 
for one year, prolongable for a second j-ear. Candidates 
must be between twenty-one and twenty-five (on October 1, 
1!'12), students of a British, Colonial, or American Uni- 
ver.-iity. Also studentships of smaller value under same 
conditions. 

* # 

* 

The Trustees of the " A.K." Fellowships at Cambridge 
will elect two Fellows in Api-il next. £660. Open to 
f^raduates (or equivalent) of any University in the United 
Kingdom, British subjects, men or women. No age limit. 
A])ply to the Vice-Chancellor by February 29. 

* * 
* 

Candidates entering Cherwell Hall, Oxford, this term to 
train as women secondary teachers are offered scholarships 
of from £20 to £30. Apply to the Principal. 

* * 
* 

The examination for entrance scholarships at the London 
School of Medicine for Women will be held on May 28-30. 
Forms and particulars from the Secretary and Warden, 
8 Hunter Street, W.C. 

* # 

Bedfoed School offers six Exhibitions (£60 to £40) for 
Boarders, and eight for Daj- Boys. Examination March 5, 
Particulars fiom Head Master. 

* 
The Leys School, Cambridge, offers Entrance Scholar- 
ships in March. Particulars fi'om the Bursar. 

« « 

Dover College offers five or more Entrance Scholarships 
(£60 to £20) and six Exhibitions (for sons of clergymen or 
of oflicers) in March. Particulars from the Head Master. 

* # 

Eastbourne College offers Entrance Scholarships (£60 to 
£30) in March. Particulars from the Head Master. 

* * 

Ei'SOJi College offers Junior Scholarships and Council 
Exhibitions in March. Particulars from the Head Master. 

* * 



6 



Felsted School offei-s 
ticulars from the Bursar. 



Scholarships in March. Par- 



# * 
* 



King William's College, Isle of Man, offers Entrance 
Scholai-ships on March 21 and 22. Apply to the Secretary. 



• * 
* 



.Oakham School offers three or more Scholarships (£40 to 
£20) in March. Particulars from the Head Master. 



* * 
* 



RossALL School offers ten (or more) Scholarships (£75 
downwards) to boys between twelve and fifteen. Examina- 
tions, in London and at Rossall, March 12, 13, 14. Par- 
ticular.s from tlie Bnrsnr. Ro--snll. Fleetwood. 



Uppingham School offers seven Open Scholarships (two 
£70, five from £50 to £20), March 26, 27, 28. Apply, 
with certificates of age and character, to the Head Master 
by March 12. 



King's School, Worcester, offers, to boys under fifteen, 

House Scholarships on the results of the Common Entrance 

Examination in March. Apply to the Rev. Canon W. 

Haighton Chappel, School House, Worcester. 

* * 
* 

Amateur Gardening (148 and 149 Aldersgate Street, E.G.) 
offers a prize of five guineas for the best essay showing the 
most approved mode of laying out three distinct areas of land 
suitable for a school garden. Open to elementary-school 
teachers. Apply for conditions, &c. Essay to be lodged by 
March 30. 



Appointments 
and Vacancies. 



Prof. Henri Bergson, of the College de 
France, has accepted the Clifford Lecture- 
ship in the University of Edinburgh fo 
191.3-15. 



Sir William Ramsay, K.C.B., F.R.S., &c., has resigned 
the Chair of General Chemistry in University College, 
London, as from the end of the current session. 

* * 
* 

Prof. W. A. Bone, D.Sc, Ph.D., F.R.S., Professor of 
Applied Chemistry in Leeds University (since 1906), has been 
appointed Professor of Fuel and Refractory Materials in a 
new Department of Applied Chemistry of Chemical Tech- 
nology now being established in the Imperial College, South 

Kensington. 

* * 
* 

Mr. a. p. Laurie, M.A., D.Sc, sometime Fellow of King's 
College, Cambridge, Principal of the Heriot-Watt College, 
Edinburgh, has been appointed Professor of Chemistry in 
the Royal Academy, in succession to Sir Arthur Church. 

* * 
* 

Dr. Frederick Ransom, M.D. Edin., has been appointed 
Lecturer and Head of the Department of Pharmacology at 
the London School of Medicine for Women. 

* * 
* 

At King's College (University of London), Mr. Arthur 
Page, B.A., Barrister-at-Law, has been appointed Lecturer 
in Criminal Law and Procedure ; and Mr. Chin Chung- Yiin, 
D.Litt., Instructor in Chinese. 

* * 
* 

Prof. J. G. Hibisen has been appointed President of 

Pi'inceton University, in succession to Dr. Woodrow Wilson. 

He has been Professor of Logic at Princeton since 1893, and 

baa published a number of works on logic and philosophy. 

* # 
* 

The Professorship of Botany, Vegetable Pathology, and 
Parasitology in the University of Adelaide is vacant. £800, 
and passage money. Apply to Prof. W. H. Bragg, Univer- 
sity of Leeds, by February 14. 



Dr. a. D. Imms, Professor of Biology in the Univei-sity of 
Allahabad, has been appointed Forest Zoologist to the 
Government of India, Forest Research Institute, Dehra 

Dun, United Provinces. 

* # 

Mr. F. E. a. Campbell, M.A., Ph.D., Lecturer in English 
in the University of Bristol, has been appointed to the new 



66 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Feb. 1, 1912. 



Lectureship in English Philology in the University of 

Aberdeen. 

Trinity College, Dublin (Erasmus Smith Exhibition, Senior Ex- 
hibition, Scholarship in Classics) ; Ph.D., and Lektor in English 
Language, Greifswald, 1903. 



Mr. Duncan Davidson, A.R.C.Sc. Dub., N.D.A. of the 
Agricultural Department of Cardiff University College, has 
been appointed a Lecturer in Agriculture at the South- 
Eastern Agricultural College (University of London), Wye, 

Kent. 

* * 

Mr. J. A. Caelyle, B.Sc.Agr. Edin., has been appointed a 
County Lecturer of Edinburgh and the East of Scotland 

College of Agriculture. 

* * 
* 

The Principalship of Darlington Training College is 
vacant through the death of Mr. W. A. SpaSord, M.A. 



Mr. J. H. Whitelet, D. es L., Lecturer in French and 
English, Gamble Institute, St. Helens, has been appointed 
an Inspector of Schools under the Board of Education. 

« * 
* 

Me. John A. McMichael, B.A., B.Sc. Lond., Head Master, 
City and County School for Boys, Chester, has been ap- 
pointed an Inspector of Secondary Schools under the Board 
of Education. 

Manchester Grammar School and Owens College. B.A. Lond. 
1889; B.Sc. Lond. 1895. 



Mr. .J. J. Draper, B.A. Cantab., Assistant Master, Bury 
St. Edmunds Grammar School, has been appointed an 
Assistant Inspector of Schools under the Board of Edu- 
cation. 

* # 

Mr. H. B. Heyt^'OOd, D.Sc. Paris, B.Sc. Lond., Lecturer at 
the East London College, has been appointed Assistant in 
the Department of Mathematics at Bedford College (Uni- 
versity of London). 

* # 
* 

Mr. Percy F. Davis, M.A. Oxon., Science Master, 
Emanuel School, Wandsworth Common, S.W., has been 
appointed Master of the Chapel Royal Boys. 

Newbury Grammar School and Keble College, Oxford. Third 
Class Natural Science (Chemistry) 1905. Newbury Grammar School 
1893-1901 ; Emanuel School 1905. 

* * 
* 

Mr. Bernard S. Richards, M.A., Assistant Master, Brad- 
ford Grammar School, has been appointed Head Master of 
King Edward VI Grammar School, Bury St. Edmunds. 

Honiton Grammar School, and New College, Oxford. Second 
Class Classical Mods. 1892 ; Fourth Class Lit. Hum. 1894. Eagle 
House School, Sandhurst, 1894 ; Lancaster Grammar School, 1900 ; 
Bradford, 1906. 

Miss Y. G. Raymond, B.A., formerly Scholar of Newnham, 
Science Mistress at St. Paul's Girls' School, has been ap- 
pointed Head Mistress of the High School, Kidderminster. 

* * 
* 

The Rev. William F. Peakce, M.A. Cantab., Assistant 
Master, Brighton College, has been appointed Head Master 
of the Prebendal School, Chichester. 

St. Albans School and CaTendi.sh College, Cambridge. B.A. 
1890; M.A. 1909. 



Mr. T. S. B. Francois de Chaumont, B.A., Senior Mathe- 
matics and Science Master, Cathedral School, Hereford, has 
been appointed Head Master of Victoria College, Bath. 

Epsom College and Selwj'n College, Cambridge (Scholar). B.A. 
1906 (Senior Optime). Wan-iston School, Moffat, 1906 ; Duke's 
School, Alnwick, 1907 ; Purzie Close School, Barton-on-Sea, 1909 ; 
St. Paul's Cathedral Choir School 1910 (temp.) ; Hereford 1910. 
« * 

Mr. Lawrence S. Laver, M.A., Senior Classical Master, 
King Edward's School, Stoui'bridge, has been appointed 
Head Master of the Secondary School, Altrincham. 

Nottingham High School (Scholar, Leaving Exhibitioner) and 
St. Johu's College, Cambridge (Scholar, Hare Exhibitioner, Prize- 
man) ; First Class Classical Tripos 1902; acquired French abroad. 
Caldry Grange Grammar School, West Kirby, 1902-3 ; Wyggeston 
School 1903-8. 

* * 
* 

Mr. John K. Wilkins, M.A., Assistant Master, Municipal 
Secondary School, Whitworth Street, Manchester, has beeiv 
appointed Head Master of Chester County School. 

Non-Collegiate, Oxford. Second Class Natiu'al Sciences (Physics) 
1899 ; London Matriculation (Honoiu's) 1893 ; Intermediate Science 
1905 ; Board of Education Certificate. Central School, Manchester 
(five years) ; Evening Lecturer, Manchester School of Technology, 
1899-1909; Manchester Secondary School 1904. Joint author of 
" Algebra for Beginners " (Arnold). 



" The English teachers of America do not possess a 
journal devoted especially to their interests." 
Literary. So the Xational Council of Teachers of Eng- 
lish has founded The Eiujlish Journal as its 
official organ, and the Executive Committee of the Council 
will act as advisory editors, the Managing Editor being 
Prof. James F. Hosic, of the Chicago Teachers College. 
The journal will appear monthl^y, September to June. 

« * 
* 

Messrs. Longmans announce a new edition of Sir Thomas 
May (Lord Farnborough)'s "Constitutional History of Eng- 
land since the Accession of George III," edited and continued 
down to 19II by Francis Holland, in three volumes. Also 
a second edition of the first volume of Prof. Oppenheim's 
" International Law," revised and partly rewritten. 

* # 
* 

The Cambridge University Pi-ess announces a new trans- 
lation of the Nibelungenlied — " The Lay of The Nibelung 
Men " — by Dr. A. S. Way, whose translations of Homer and 
the great Greek Tragedians are so well known and appreci- 
ated. Also "The Thunderweapon in Religion and Folk- 
lore," a study in Comparative Ai-chsBology by Dr. Chr. 

Blinkenberg. 

* * 
* 

Messrs. Dent announce an important new series, " Chan- 
nels of English Literature," edited by Oliphant Smeaton, 
M.A. The first volume will be " English Philosophers and 
Schools of Philosophy," by Pi-of. James Seth, Edinbui'gh 
University. Also several volumes of " The Media3val Town 
Series " — Lucca, Canterbury, Santiago. 

* * 
* 

Messrs. Rivington.s promise this month "England's In- 
dustrial Development ; a Historical Survey of Commerce 
and Industry," from the experienced pen of A. D. Innes, 
M.A. ; and " The Restoration and the Revolution," by 
Arthur Hassall, M.A. — a new volume of Rivingtons' " Text- 
books of English History." 

* « 

The January number of Teachers and Taught (published 
for the Friends' First-Day School Association by Messi's. 
Headley Brothers, 140 Bishopsgate, E.C.) has a special 



Feb. 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



67 



supplemeut containing information about pictures, books, 
models, apparatus, &c., for the montlily sets of " Lesson 
Xotes " on the Association's graded courses for 1912. The 
fifty-two pictures for the Nature Course (4s. 6d.) are 
excellent. 

* 

The Coronation Number of the Indian Eeview (November 
and December, 1911) is a very interesting issue, with many 
portraits and other illustrations. Besides the coi'ouation of 
the King'-Emperor George there are descriptions of the 
coronations of Aiirangazib, Jehaughir, and Shivaji, and 
pertinent and historical articles, ancient and modern. 



General. 



Lectukeships in Arabic, Colonial and Indian 

Historj', and English Law are to be established 
in Edinburgh University. 
* # 



The University Lectureship in Ancient History at Caui- 
bridtre is to be discontinued. 



The Education Committee of the L.C.C. has adopted a 
lecommendation of the Higher Education Sub-Committee 
to establish a school for training waiters. They pi'opose to 
offer twelve scholarships for the first year. 

* * 
« 

PiioF. Bergson will deliver a series of lectures at Columbia 
University this jeav. 

* * 
* 

Thk registration of students in several of the larger 
American Universities is reported as follows : — Columbia, 
7,-1-29 ; Chicago, 6,466 ; Minnesota, 5,965 ; Wisconsin, 5,538 ; 
Pennsylvania, 5,389 ; Michigan, 5,381 ; Cornell, 5,104 ; Illi- 
nois, 5,118 ; Harvard, 5,028 ; Nebraska, 4,624 ; California, 
0,450 ; and Missouri, -3,141. 



CORRBSPONDBNCB. 



[We do not hold ourselves responsible for the opinions expressed by 
our correspondents. — Ed. E.T.} 



EAST LONDON COLLEGE: 

The Drapers' Company's Benefactions. 

To the Editor of " The Educational Times." 

Sir, — I notice in your issue of January 1 a paragraph signal- 
izing the generous assistance rendered by the great City Com- 
panies to the promotion of higher education in this country. I 
tliiuk you have understated the case as reD;ards the Drapers' 
Company. They built and equipped this College. They have 
since given handsome grants for re-e((uipraent, for books, and 
new apparatus. When the College was admitted to participa- 
tion in the Parliamentary (irant in aid of University Colleges in 
Great Britain they made a special grant of £'2,000 per annum to 
its general income. In addition to this, between £1,200 and 
£1,300 are expended annually b}- the Company on scholarships 
tenable here, so that, with their annual contribution for the 
purposes of the fouudation as a whole, their annual expenditure 
on University education here must be taken as over £10,000. It 
is something of an achievement that in less than ten years, 
" practically unaided," this great City Company has succeeded 
in creating a University College in East London. 

The Drapers' Company have contributed generously to the 
Univei'sity of Oxford in recent years. — -I am. Sir, &c. 

T. C. HoDSON, Registrar. 

East London College (University of London), 
January 4, 1912. 



THE COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS. 



HALF-YEARLY GENERAL MEETING. 

The ordinary Half-yearly General Meeting of the members 
of the Corporation was held at the College on Saturday, 
January 20. 

The Secretary having read the advertisement convening the 
meeting, the Kev. Canon Bell was appointed Chairman. 

The Report of the Council was laid before the meeting and 
was taken as read, a copy having previously been sent to every 
member of the College. It was as follows : — 

Report or the CotJXOiL. 
The Council beg to lay before the members of the College the follow- 
ing Report of their proceedings during the past half-year : — 

1. The Thii-ty-ninth Annual Series of Lectures for Teachers, which 
commenced on Pebruary 8 and ended on December 14, comprised a Coiu-se 
of Twelve Lectures on " Tlie Psychology essential to EfScient Work in 
Schools," and a Course of Twelve Lectures on "Practical Problems of 
the Teacher of To-day." Both Courses were deUvered by Prof. J. 
Adams. The Council are glad to be able to report an increase in the 
number of students attending these Courses of Lectures. Last year 52 
students took tickets — 22 for the Pirst Couise and 30 for the Second. 
This year the total number was 131 — 58 for the First Course and 73 for 
the Second. 

2. At the Summer Examination of Teachers for the College Diplomas 
which was held in the last week in August, the number of candidates 
who presented themselves was 274. For the Christmas Examination the 
number of entries is about 470. During the past half-year the Diploma 
of Licentiate has been confen-ed on 26 candidates, and that of Associate 
on 78. who had satisfied the prescribed conditions. 

3. For the Christmas Certificate and Lower Forms Examinations 
which were held in the first week in December, the number of entries 
was about .5,20ti. The Professional Preliminary Examination for Cer- 
tificates recognized by professional bodies was held in the second week in 
September, and was attended by 181 candidates. 

4. The Council have conducted during the past half-year the examina- 
tion of two schools by visiting examiners. 

5. The Council have conducted, on behalf of the Newfoundland 
Council of Higher Education, the Associate, Intermediate, Preliminary, 
and Primary Examinations of the Newfoundland Council. They have 
also conducted, on behalf of the Grenada Board of Education, an 
Examination of Teachers in School Management. 

S. ((() During- the past half-year eighteen members have been elected, 
three members have withdi-awn , and f oiu- holders of the College Diplomas 
who were admitted to certain privileges of membership under Section II, 
Clause o, of the By-laws have ceased to be qualified. The Council 
regret to have to report the death of the following members : — Mr. D. L 
Lowson, Mr. E. E. W. Mondy, L.C.P., Mr. E. C. Musson, Mrs. A. 
Prince, Mr. S. SneU, the Rev. J. T. Watson, and Mr. W. R. Yardley. 

(4) Circulars relating to the objects and work of the College, Member- 
ship, and the Hopkins Benevolent Fund have been sent to all members of 
the College, and also to many other teachers. 

(f) A circular letter showing the present position of the diploma 
holders who were admitted to certain privileges of membership under 
Section II, Clause -5, of the By-laws, has been sent to every such diploma 
holder. 

(d) The Council have arranged that subscribing members and life 
members of the College who apply for appointments to the Joint 
Scholastic Agency or the Joint Agency for Women Teachers shall be 
exempt from the payment of registration fees. They have also arranged 
that members who obtain appointments through either of these agencies 
shall receive from the College repayments of comnii.«sion, provided that 
the total of the aniounts paid by the College on this account to any 
member shall not exceed 75 per cent, of the total amount of the sub- 
scriptions which the member has paid to the College. 

7. Meetings of Members were held in October and November. At the 
October Meeting a Lecture on "Prizes — Athletic and other" was given 
by Mr. J. Lewis Patoii, M.A. ; and at the November Meeting a Lecture 
on " The Teacher as Craftsman " was given by Prof. J. J. Findlay, M.A. 
Reports of the Meetings have been published, as usual, in The Educational 
Times. 

S. During the past twelve months about 1,150 volumes have been issued 
to members. Considerable additions have been made to the Library dur- 
ing the year. 

9. The Council welcome the announcement by the President of the 
Board of Education that the Order establishing the new Teachers' CouncQ 
is shortly to be issued. 

10. (n) Representatives of the Council have taken part in the work of 
the Federal Council of Secondary Schools Associations, the Joint Scholar- 
ships Board, the Joint Committee on the Training of Teachers, the Joint 
Scholastic Agency, the Joint Agency for Women Teachers, and a Joint 
Conference of representatives of the Private Schools Association, the 
Teachers' Guild, and the College of Preceptors. 

(b) The Joint Conference have carefuUy considered by what means it 



68 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Feb. 1, 1912. 



may be possible to secure the preservation of efficient Private Schools 
and the independence of those Private Schools which do not desire assist- 
ance from public funds. They have unanimously adopted a series of 
resolutions which they hope may influence the action of the Central and 
Local Education Authorities in relation to Private Schools. The Council 
of the College 'n-ill endeavour to bring under the notice of the Education 
Authorities those of the resolutions to which, in the opinion of the 
Council, it may be useful to call attention at the present time. 

11. During "the past year, in addition to the College meetings, 103 
meetings of other Associations have been held in the College building. 

The Report was con.sidered paragraph by paragraph and was 
adopted. 

With reference to the Statement of Accounts which accom- 
panied the report, Dr. Moody thought it desirable that a firm of 
professional accountants should be associated with tlie three 
auditors who, in accordance with the Charter, were elected by 
the General Meeting. Some expense would be incurred, but he 
considered that the advantage to be gained would outweigh the 
additional cost. 

The De.\n said the point raised was a new one, and deserved 
the careful consideration of the Council. It involved no reflec- 
tion on the officei's of the College or on the present auditors, 
who had discharged the duties of their office to the entire satis- 
faction of the members by whom they had been appointed. 

Mr. Kelland said he was entirely in favour of the proposal, 
and believed that professional accountants might be able to point 
out how new sources of revenue might be opened out, and how 
economies in working could be effected. 

The TeeasU-RER did not think that the employment of pro- 
fessional accountants could be expected to assist the College in 
the manner suggested by the previous speaker. It was the fact 
that the result of the operations of the College during the past 
year had not been quite so favourable as in past years, and the 
published accounts showed a difference between receipts and ex- 
penditure of about £140. It was apparent to any one who 
examined the financial statement to what causes this difference 
was due, and it required no expert assistance to enlighten them 
on the matter. He cjuoted figures to show how there had been 
deficits in former years, which had, however, in succeeding 
years been followed by larger surpluses, and the amount of these 
surpluses had been added to the reserve fund, which had been 
accumulated for the purpose of meeting such fluctuation.s of 
income. He pomted out that the College derived no part of its 
income from public funds by way of grants or otherwise, and 
was under no obligation to call in professional assistance in 
order to satisfy tlie statutory requirements imposed by the 
Charter. Though he did not see how any special advantage 
could accrue to the College from the suggestion in present 
circumstances, he agreed that it was worthy of careful con- 
sideration, and it would have the serious attention of the Finance 
Committee. 

The statement of accounts was then adopted. 

The Dean presented his Report, which had been printed and 

circulated among the members attending the meeting. It was 

as follows ; — rr, T^ , T, 

The Dean s Repokt. 

In addition to the general statement of the examination work of the 
College during the past half-year, which has been embodied in the Report 
of the Council, I have now to submit to you, in detail, the statistics of 
the various examinations. 

The Christmas Examination of candidates for Certificates was held at 
140 Local Centres and Schools from the oth to the 9th of December. In 
the United Kingdom the Examination was hell at the follo\ving places : — 

Ashford (Kent), Aylesbury, Bamford (Derbyshire), Bath, Beccles, 
Belper, Bentham, Bewdley, Biggleswade, Birmingham, Blackpool, 
Bognor, Bournemouth, Brentwood, Bridlington, Brighton, Bristol, 
Bury St. Edmunds, Cardiff, Carlisle, Carmarthen, Carnforth, Castletown 
(Isle of Man), Cheltenham, Cheshunt, Chichester, Clapham, Crewe, 
Croydon, Ealing, Eastboiu-ne, East Grinstead, Edinburgh, Eochar, 
Exeter, Folkestone, Gosberton, Harlow, Harrogate, Hastings, Hawk- 
hurst, Hereford, Heme Bay, Hornsey, Inverurie, Jersey, Kirkwall, 
Leeds, Liverpool, London, Maidstone, Manchester, Margate, Middles- 
brough, Muswell Hill, Newcastle Emlyn, Newcastle-on-Tyne, Newport 
(Mon.), Newquay, Northampton, Norwich, Nottingham, Ongar, Penketh, 
Plymouth, Portsmouth, Reading, Richmond-on-Thames, Ripley (SuiTey), 
St. Annes-on-Sea, St. Leonards-on-Sea, Sale, Scarborough, Selby, 
Sevenoaks, ShefSeld, Shirley, Shoreham, Southampton, Southend, 
Southport. Sunderland, Swindon, Taunton, Torquay, Walton (Liver- 
pool), Wellington (Salop), West Norwood, Weston-super-Mare, Whit- 
church (Salop), Wisbech, Woodford, Worthing, and York. The Exam- 
ination was also held at Gibraltar ; Constantinople ; Batticaloa, Colombo, 
and Manepay (Ceylon) ; Rangoon (Burma), Kingston and Stewart 
Town (Jamaica) ; St. George's (Grenada) ; St. Lucia and St. Vincent 



(B.W.I.) ; Bloemfontein, Cala, Grahamstown, Johannesburg, Ladysmith, 
Mafeking, Oakford, Uitenhage, and LTmzinto (South Africa) ; Cape 
Coast Castle ; Accra (Gold Coast 1 ; Bathurst (Gambia) ; Abeokuta and 
Lagos (S. Nigeria) ; Nairobi (B.E. Africa) ; Zanzibar ; Georgetown 
(B. Guiana) ; and Lima (Peru). 

The total number of candidates examined (not including 631 examined 
at Colonial Centres) was 3112 — 2435 boys and 677 girls. 

The following table shows the proportion of the candidates at the 
recent Christmas Examination who passed in the class for which they 
were entered : — 

Examined. Passed. Percentage. 

Boys. First Class 265 160 60 

Second Class ... 956 628 66 

Third Class 774 611 79 

GiELS. First Class 132 72 55 

Second Class ... 209 147 70 

Third Class 310 256 83 

The above table does not take account of those candidates who obtained 
Certificates of a lower class than that for which they were entered, nor 
of those (466 in number) who entered for certain subjects required for 
professional preliminary pm-poses. 

The number of candidates entered for the Lower Forms Examination 
(not including 252 examined at Colonial Centres) was 1081 — 653 boys and 
428 girls. Of these 542 boys and 357 girls passed, or 83 per cent, in 
either case. 

At the Professional Preliminary Examination for First and Second 
Class Certificates, which was held from the 5th to the 7th of September, 
at Aberdeen, Bii-mingham, Blackburn, Bristol, Cardiff, Edinburgh, 
Leeds, Liverpool, London, Manchester, Newcastle-on-Tyne, and Notting- 
ham, 181 candidates pi'esented themselves. The number of candidates 
examined at these Professional Preliminary Examinations during the 
year was 520. 

The Summer Examination of Teachers for the College Diplomas took 
place, on the 28th of August and five following days, at Birmingham, 
Bristol, Dublin, Leeds, Liverpool, Loudon, Manchester, Newcastle-on- 
Tyne, Plymouth. The Examination was also held at Bangalore, 
Bombay, Lovedale, Lucknow, Madi'as, and Sanawar (India) ; Bathurst 
(Gambia) ; Fieetown (Sierra Leone) ; Hong-Kong ; Corentyne (British 
Guiana) ; and Taiping (Perak). It was attended by 273 candidates — 
206 men and 67 women. On the results of this E.xamination. 26 candi- 
dates obtained the Diploma of Licentiate and 77 that of -Associate. 

The Christmas Examination of Teachers for the College Diplomas took 
place on the 1st to the 8th of January at Birmingham, Belfast, Bristol. 
Dublin, Leeds, Liverpool, London, Manchester, Newcastle-on-Tyne, 
Plymouth, Scalloway. The Examination was also held at Gibraltar ; 
Bombay, Calcutta, and Peshawar (India) ; Adams, Calitzdorp, and 
Johannesburg (S. Africa); Buguma (.S. Nigeria); Hong-Kong; and 
Anking (China). It was attended by 453 candidates — 358 men and 
95 women. 

Practical Examinations to test Ability to Teach were held in February. 
May, and October. At these Examinations 12 candidates presented 
themselves, and 8 obtained Certificates. 

The number of schools examined and inspected during the year under 
the Visiting Examination and Inspection Schemes (A) and (B), was 6. 

The Council have conducted, on behalf of the Newfoundland Council 
of Higher Education, the Associateship. Intermediate, Prehminary, and 
Primary Examinations of the Newfoundland Council. The examinations 
were held at 154 Centres in Newfoundland on the 19th to the 26th of June, 
and the numbers of candidates who were examined in the several grades 
were as follows : — Associateship, 112; Intermediate, 634; Preliminary, 
1,377 ; Primary, 1,467. 

The Council have conducted, on behalf of the Grenada Board of Edu- 
cation, the Examination of teachers for Second Class and Third Class 
Certificates in School Management. 

The Report was adopted. 

The meeting then proceeded to the election of twelve members 
of the Council, to fill the places of the twelve retiring by rota- 
tion, and three auditors. 

The Chairman having appointed Mr. Walters and Mr. 
Williams to act as scrutators, the voting papers were distributed, 
and the election was proceeded with. On the scrutators pre- 
senting their report, the following were declared to be elected : — 

Members of the Council. 
Rev. Canon BeU, M.A., 19 Cowley Street, S.W. 
W. Campbell Brown, M.A., ToUington School, Muswell Hill, N. 
R. F. Charles, M.A., 12 St. Alban's Villas, Highgate Road, N.W. 
R. F. Cholraeley. M.A., Owen's School, Islington, N. 
Miss M. Crookshank, L.L.A., Ringwood, Rickmansworth. 
Rev. A. A. David, D.D., Rugby School. 
R. Hawe, B.A., The High School for Boye, Croydon. 
Miss S. Jebb, 9 Clyde Road, St. Leonards-on-Sea. 
Miss F. J. Lawford, Camden School for Girls, N.W. 
A. Milne, B.A., University School, HHstings. 

Barrow Rule, Kensworth, Cissbury Road, Broadwater, Worthing. 
A. A. SomervUle, M.A., Eton College, Eton. 



Feb. 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



69 



AUMTOES. 

John Bell, M.A., LL.D., 34 Redbourne Avenue, Finchley, N. 
H. Chettle, M.A., Stationers' School, Hornsey, N. 
A. E C. Dickinson, M.A., LL.D., L.C.P., Grove House, High- 
g-:ite, N. 

A vote of thanks to the Chairman concluded the proceedings. 



In the evening fifty -four member.'; and friends of the College 
dined together at the Holborn Restaurant, under the presidency 
of Mr. E. A. Butler. The company included Prof. Adams, Prof. 
Adamson, Dr., Mrs., and Miss Armitage Smith, Mv. Bain, Mr. 
Barlet, Mr. Beesley, Rev. .1. Blomtield, Mr. Campbell Brown, Mrs. 
and the Misses Butler, Mr. and Mrs. Charles, Mrs. le Chavatois, 
Mr. Coates, Mr. Constantinides, Dr., Mrs., and Miss E. Dickinson, 
Miss Gliinicke, Mr. Harrold, Mr. Hawe, Mr. Hay, Mr., Mrs., and 
Miss Hodgson, Mr. King, Mr. Johnson, Mr. Lodge, Mr. and 
Mrs. Longsdon, Mr. Mardling, Rev. J. S. Masham, Mr. Pendle- 
bury, Mr. Porter, Prof. Ramirez, Mr. Ruf, Mr. J. J. Robinson, 
Mr. and Mrs. Hammond Robinson, Mr. Rushbrooke, Dr. R. P. 
Scott, Mr. Sbovelton, Prof. Spiers, Mr. Starbuck, Dr. Stevens, 
Mr. Whitbread. and Mr. Williams. Prof. Adams proposed the 
toast of "The College of Preceptors," which was responded to by 
the Chairman ; Mr. Rushbrooke proposed " The Visitors," which 
was responded to by Dr. Stevens ; and Dr. R. P. Scott proposed 
"The Secretary and liis Stafi," which was responded to by Mr. 
Hodgson. A very enjoyable programme of music and recita- 
tions, which was highly appreciated, was contributed by Mrs. 
and Miss Armitage Smith, Miss E. Dickinson, Mr. Gwilym 
Richards, and Mr. Harold Hilman. 



THE COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS. 
ADJOURNED MEETING OP THE COUNCIL. 

An adjourned meeting of the Council was held on January 20. 
Present : Prof. Adams (in the cliair). Dr. Armitage Smith, Mr. 
Bain, Rev. J. O. Bevan, Rev. J. B. Blomfield, Mr. Brown, Mr. 
Charles, Mr. Eagles, Mr. Hawe, Mr. Hay, Mr. Kelland, Rev. R. 
Lee, Dr. Moody, Mr. Pendlebury, Miss Punnett, Mr. Rushbrooke, 
Mr. Starbuck, and Mr. Vincent. 

Diplomas were granted to Mr. S. P. Chinnappa and Mr. 
P. R. Rayner, who had satisfied the required conditions. 

It was resolved that a Special Committee be appointed to con- 
sider the Report of the Consultative Committee of the Board of 
Education on Examinations in Secondary Schools. 



EXAMINATIONS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS. 

VIEWS OF VICE-CHANCELLOR M. E. SADLER, 

C.B., LL.D. 

[From Indian Education.^ 

Foe a long time there has been much discussion as to the 
future of external examinations in English secondary schools. 
Wo are now beginning to see what is likely to be done by way 
of reform of what is mischievous in the present state of things. 
There are no signs of any general desire that a State leaving 
examination should be organized by the Board of Education 
and imposed upon all secondary schools receiving aid or recog- 
nition from the State. It appears to be widely felt among 
teachers that the administrative traditions of the Board of 
Education would not be favourable to the development of such 
an examination on wise lines. In ten years' time opinion may 
change. Much depends an the degree with which the Board 
may succeed in winning the confidence of the teachers in the 
higher schools, and on its power to avoid mechanical routine in 
its official dealings with secondary education. But at present 
there is no movement in favour of a State examination like 
that which is at work in Scotland, and there is still less dis- 
position to ask for a leaving examination like that organized in 
the German secondary schools. There is more competition 
between secondary schools in England than there is in any part 
of Germany. Our teacliers are in no case members of the 
Civil Service. Private schools play a more important part with 
us than under German conditions. The result is, that a system 



which seems to work well when two or three public secondary 
schools represent practically the whole of higher secondary 
education in a district, proves on consideration to be ill adapted 
to the different circumstances which prevail in England. The 
working of the German system is under the influence of an old- 
establisiied tradition, a tradition which affects the relati'>ns 
between the inspectors and the school staffs, and which gives 
sufficient guarantee that no teacher would make dishonourable 
use of his knowledge of the questions which would be set for 
the written work in the leaving examination of his school. In 
England the relations between inspectors and teachers are still 
occasional rather than intimate, and vague rather than well 
defined. The inspectors have had practically no experience in 
the work of examining a school; there is very little local 
organization of their work; and the State, though sufficiently 
informed as to the general merits of any inspected school, has 
but little continuous knowledge of the details of its teaching 
work. In other words, the administrative conditions which 
secure smoothness of working in the German examination 
system do not yet exist in England. The setting up of a 
State-leaving examination for secondary schools would be at 
best premature, and might be positively harmful. 

Another plan, which has much American precedent behind it, 
is attractive to some of the less experienced observers, but 
rejected by the mass of teachers' opinion and by that of other 
bodies concerned. This is what is called in the United States 
the accrediting system. From any school which proves at inter- 
vals its general efficiency by submitting to inspection, candi- 
dates are received for admission into Universities and other 
places of higher education on the certificate of the head master 
or head mistress of their school, who testifies to their fitness for 
being exempt from the test of any external examination. There 
are conflicting opinions as to the way in which this system 
works in the United States. But, even if the evidence were all 
favourable, there would still be misgiving as to the introduction 
of the system into England. It is felt that the secondary 
schools gain by submitting their intellectual results to an 
entirely impartial external test; that they thus learn to 
measure their work with that of schools of like grade in other 
parts of the country; and that the certification of pupils who 
offer themselves to be examined is better entrusted to an in- 
dependent authority than to the teachers in the school itself. 
For these reasons the accrediting system, like the plan of a State 
examination in secondary schools, is not likely to be adopted, 
at any rate, under present conditions. 

The third form of remedy, and the one to which educational 
opinion seems most strongly to incline, is a reform of the 
existing system of examinations. Such reform would be com- 
passed by a greater concentration of the present examining 
authorities, by their all being brought into more harmonized 
co-operation through the agency of a general Board, and by 
the closer combination of the results of inspection with those 
of examination. The Association of Head ilistresses, which 
always contributes to the wise solution of our educational 
questions by the careful thinking which it devotes to the great 
problems of administrative policy, emphasizes the importance 
of two changes, the adoption of which would go far towards 
removing the worst evils of the present system. The head 
mistresses urge that no girl should take an external examina- 
tion under sixteen years of age. They also recommend that 
experienced teachers now at work in the schools should be 
effectively represented on the examining body. They point to 
the success of the Northern Universities Examination Board 
which, as one of the principles of its constitution, includes 
certain representatives of the teachers engaged in the secondary 
schools in the area. It is not unlikely that representatives 
of the teachers, or assessors speaking in behalf of the teachers, 
will in future be added to each of the great University examin- 
ing bodies. If, in addition to this, the experience of the in- 
spectors and of the teachers were more effectively combined, an 
important and practicable reform would have been effected in 
English secondary education. 

But the greatest difficulty which lies in the way of the estab- 
lishment of a well organized system of school examinations is 
found in the fact that, in a majority of the recognized secondary 
schools in England, the great bulk of the pupils leave at fifteen 
or fifteen and a half years of age. To exclude schools with a 



70 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Feb. 1, 1912. 



leaving age as low as this from the privileges of an authorized 
secondary-schools examination would obviously be inexpedient. 
Yet, if the age of the examination is put much lower, it loses 
many of its secondary-school characteristics, and would have to 
be open to a number of higher-grade board schools, which, 
though not secondary in the strict sense of the word, are never- 
theless secondary in some of their aims and in some of the 
standards of their work. For these reasons, whatever is done 
in England will have to be determined by the claims of pupils 
who are at most sixteen years of age. In Germany, when the 
leaving examination was established, the needs of the boys of 
eighteen or nineteen were jjrimarilj- considered. Thus Germany 
began by instituting an examination wliich fixed the higher 
level of secondary education; England will have to begin by 
bringing about a concentration of external examinations at a 
much lower age in secondary-school life. But even if this is 
done theie will be many, especially among those who speak for 
the interests of the elementarj' schools, who will saj^ that the 
examination is jiitched too high for the educational needs of 
the masses of the children. They will claim right of admission 
to the examination for pupils who complete their school life 
in elementary or liigher elementary schools, continuing there 
till about fifteen years of age. This is a crucial difference 
between the conditions of the German case and those whicli 
have to bo faced in England. Germany organized her higher 
secondary education before the elementary schools had grown 
to the full stature of their influence; in England the question 
of secondary-schools examinations has been so long deferred 
that it cannot now be dealt with, excejit on a basis which would 
conciliate the support of the elementary-school interest. 

iloreover, behind the question of school examination there 
lies that not less formidable one of competitive examinations 
for scholarships, both at tlie entrance to public-school life and 
at the beginning of the University course. These examinations 
have a determinative influence upon the course of study in 
preparatory schools for boys, and in many of the great public 
schools. To set up a new Government examination without 
dealing with the scholarship question would be futile. On 
the other hand, there is no sign of any general wish in England 
to abolish the examinations now held for scholarships at public 
schools or Universities. We may perhaps hope for a modifica- 
tion in the conditions of scholarship examinations, but we can- 
not anticipate their abolition. Whatever is done, therefore, iii 
the establishment of a secondary-schools examination at sixteen 
will have to allow for the existence of a great variety of 
courses of study in different types of secondary school up to 
that age. It will also have to leave the University scholarship 
o.xaminations as the main test for intellectual distinction among 
the older boys and girls at school. 



Tub Publications Committee of the Episcopal Church in Scot- 
land liave now arranged a contract with the Syndics of the 
Cambridge University Press for the publication of the authorized 
Scottish Liturgy and the Schedule of Variations from the Book 
of Common Prayer as sanctioned by the Provincial Synod in 
December last. The Committee have also arranged with the 
Syndics for the later publication of a Complete Prayer Book 
with all the Scottish Variations incorporated where they occur 
iu the text. But the preparation of this book necessarily entails 
a good deal of work on the part of the secretaries of the Publica- 
tions Committee, so that it cannot be brought out at once. 



The governing body of Universitj' College, Dublin, has 
decided to proceed at once with the erection of the new 
liiiildings for the College. The site for the new collegiate 
building, which is to be of a very handsome character, will 
include the site of the old Royal University, Earlsfort Terrace, 
and the site of the buildings and grounds so lately generously 
granted to University College, Dublin, by Lord Iveagh. The 
offices of the Senate of the National University, which controls 
tlie three constituent colleges and the staff of the University, 
have been transferred from Earlsfort Terrace to two handsome 
bouses iu Merrion Square, so that the buildings and offices of the 
University Senate and statf will be separated from the collegiate 
Ijuildings proper of University College, Dublin. 



REVIEWS. 



The Cambridge Modern History. 
" The Cambridge Modern History." — Vol. XIII : Tables, and 
General Index. 16s. net. Cambridge University Press. 
This supplementary volume is a necessary companion to the 
twelve volumes of narrative. The General Index occupies fully 
two-thirds of the space — a generous measure, and really in- 
dispensable for rapid and effective consultation. The series of 
tables and lists numbers 151. There are genealogical tables of 
the sovereign families of European and certain other countries, 
and of various noble houses that were prominent in European 
Succession questions or took a leading part iu the civil and 
religious wars of the sixteenth and seventeentli centuries, as well 
as of some other families whose various members are not readily 
identifiable iu the usual books of reference. The lists enumerate 
chief ministers of great States, governors of important depend- 
encies and colonies. Parliaments and Diets, Congresses and Con- 
ferences, Leagues and Alliances, Universities and Societies of 
learning and research, &c. There is no pretence to complete- 
ness at every point : the thing is to supply such information as 
is likely to be recjuired by a large proportion of students of the 
period, and to include every personage of any historical import- 
ance. It has been a very laborious and exacting work to compile 
this volume. It will be found extremely helpful for reference. 



Caroline Literature. 
"Tlie Cambridge History of English Literature." — Vol. VII, 
Cavalier and Puritan. 9s. net. Cambridge University 
Press. 

If the literaiy works surveyed in the present volume seldona 
rise to the height of great literature, the variety is remarkable, 
and the interest strong and continuous ; and the workmanship 
of the contributors maintains a high level throughout. The 
most eminent name of the period is Milton, and it is the prota- 
gonist of the contributors. Prof. Saintsbury, that essays to assess 
Milton and Milton's poetry and prose. The handling is firm, but 
generous, and it is marked alike by ample study and by balanced 
judgment. " Kothing but amialile paralogism can give Milton an 
amiable character, inasmuch as the intensity of his convictions 
and the peculiar complexion of these almost necessitated a certain 
asperity"; but his temperament was not essentially or uniformly 
morose. As regards the first marriage — " this thrice unfortunate 
adventure, tragical in all its aspects, if tragi-comical in some — 
there has perhaps been a little unfairness to Milton : there has 
certainly been much to his wife." The stories of Milton's alleged 
harshness to his daughters and of their undutifuluess to him are 
found contradictory and " quite obviously what would have been 
told whether true or not." The series of divorce pamphlets was 
an utterly foolish business ; and his controversial methods gener- 
ally are severely condemned. Except " Areopagitica," there is 
hardly a piece of Milton's prose " worthy of its author as a piece 
of literature " ; " yet it may be questioned whether from any 
literary point of view one can wish that it had not been written." 
But he is " almost the central figure in the whole history of our 
verse " ; and " in loftiness — sublimity — of thought and majesty 
of expression, both sustained at almost superhuinaii pitch, he has 
no superior, and no rival except Dante." 

Prof. Saintsbury also reviews the lesser Caroline poets, and the 
Antiquaries (Browne, Fuller, Izaak Walton, and Sir Thomas 
Urquhart). Prof. Sorley deals luminously and pointedly with 
Hobbes and the other philosophers of the period. He says 
" Hobbes is one of a succession of English writers who are as 
remarkable for their style as for the origiiialit}' of their thought," 
the others being Bacon, Berkeley, and Hume. Hobbes's ex- 
position was certainly lucid and precise, but we should have 
liked some indication of the relation of his theory of the State to 
the theories of direct predecessors and successors. 

The Cavalier L3-rists, the Caroline Divines, and the Sacred 
Poets form compact groups, and are efficiently treated. An 
interesting chapter is devoted to Writers of the Couplet, and 
Edmund Waller gets more discriminating credit than he enjoyed 
in his lifetime for bringing about a revolution in English verse. 
John Bniiyan and Andrew Marvell are somewhat unequally 
yoked together, but each of them is well characterized. Tlie 
Historical and Political Writings of the period — a complicated 
and troublesome subject — Dr. A. W. Ward, the senior editor of 
the work, himself handles in two divisions : (1) State Papers and 



Feb. 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



71 



Letters, (2) Histories and Memoirs. He makes a judicious 
selection " of writings marked out as possessed of typical or 
individual interest," and comments on tliem with his accustomed 
schoUirsliip and acumen. Kushworth's Collections, Cromwell's 
Letters, the Verney Letters, Howell's Familiar Letters, Bacon's 
" Reigne of Henry VII," Lord Herbert of Cherbury's AVorks, 
Ludlow's Memoirs, Colonel Hutchinson's Memoirs, Whitelocke's 
Memorials, and especially Clarendon's History — "the masterpiece 
of the historical works of the age " : these are the more out- 
standing elements of the enormous mass of materials handled. 
Prof. Spingarn, of Columbia University, deals vigorously with 
Jacobean and Caroline criticism. He finds it interesting for its 
direction rather than for its accomplishment : " it revolutionized 
aesthetic principles, but accomplished little or nothing in the 
field of concrete criticism." Prof. Poster Watson writes ably on 
the Scholars and the Scholarship of the period (1600-60) ; Mr. 
J. Bass Mullinger describes the conditions of English grammar 
schools ; and Mr. J. B. Williams contributes a most interesting 
chapter on the beginnings of English Journalism — a paper ex- 
hibiting a vast amount of research. The final chapter hails 
the advent of modern thought in popular literature, including an 
account of the witoh-controvers}' pamphleteers. The biblio- 
graphy is immense, and the index full. 



Algebr-\. 
Algebra.— Favt II. By K. P. Chottoraj, M.A. R. 1.12. 
Calcutta : A. K. Chottoraj. 
The present volume is one that possesses marked educational 
value, internal evidence going far to show that the author is both 
an expert in his subject and an able and enthusiastic teacher. 
The discussion of many of the theorems and of iuWj worked 
illustrative examples is essentially excellent and suggestive. 
Indeed, the very thoroughness of the instruction afforded by the 
pages of the treatise — a feature that constantly makes itself felt 
and appreciated — renders the work liable to slightly adverse 
criticism, for the reader cannot liut get the impression that 
the text is over-elaborated. Such, at any rate, is the thought 
which naturally arises in the mind as we recall some of the 
standard manuals in use in our English colleges, and d'-aw a 
mental comparison between them and llie one now considered. 
The textbook which leaves out many steps of an argument at the 
risk of unduly taxing the powers of the average student, who is 
expected to till up thegaps,is responsible for a large unnecessary 
expenditure both of energy and time, and may even be the cause 
either of imperfect comprehension of some piece of demonstra- 
tion or of absolute failure to grasp its meaning. On the other 
hand, the treatise which leaves nothing to be supplied by the 
intelligence or the imagination of the reader errs in the contrary 
direction. It may be regarded as keejjing the student constantly 
in the lecture room, constantly in the position of one listening to 
repeated explanations in all their fullness. Moreover, the style 
that loads the pages of a manual with excessive detail has this 
further disadvantage — namely, that it either swells the size of 
the volume till it is quite out of proportion to the scope of the 
contents, or it interferes with the best display of the type in 
order to avoid the former evil. In the present work. Part II (a 
volume to itself) opens with the consideration of quadratic equa- 
tions, and nearly one-third of some four hundred and sixty pages 
has been exhausted before the subject of " Problems leading to 
Simultaneous Quadratic Equations " is finally dismissed at the 
close of Chapter X. We are aware that certain equations of 
degree higher than the second claim some attention, but that 
does not stultify the above comment. The subjects dealt with in 
the subsequent chapters principally embrace Surds and Imagin- 
aries. Variation, Progressions, the Binomial Theorem, together 
with the algebraic theories that lead up to it, and Logarithms 
with Logarithmic and Exponential Series, and the application of 
these to the discussion of Interest and Annuities. As will be 
seen from the enumeration of the portions of algebra dealt with 
by the writer, the work is planned so as to cover the ground 
corresponding to the demands made by the latest regulations 
issued to candidates for the Intermediate and Previous examina- 
tions of the various Indian Universities. A number of the 
question papers set for such examinations in the course of the 
last twenty years are reproduced at the close of the work. 
The results of the questions contained in these papers are not 
published in the book before us, but the answers to the numerous 
sets of exercises scattered through the textbook have been fur- 
nished. Various unimportant misprints and instances of im- 



perfect type occur at intervals, but these may very easily be 
corrected if, as it is reasonable to anticipate, future editions of a 
valuable tre.atise on elementary algebra are required. 

Dynamics. 
A Treatise on Dynamics, with Examples and Exercises. By 
Prof. Andrew Gray, LL.D., F.R.S., and James Gordon Gray, 
D.Sc. 10s. net. Macmillan. 

The six hundred jiages of this book are packed full of infor- 
mation, in such a form as to make the subject of higher 
dynamics relatively easy to diligent students. The work is 
intended for students of engineering, physics, or astronomy, 
and, to a large extent, the exercises have been drawn from 
practical affairs, and have been chosen more for the sake of 
illustration of physical principles than for their mathematical 
interest. We can well understand that the book will appeal to 
the engineer or the physicist, but we doubt whether it will prove 
of much use to the astronomer except in a purely elementary 
way. The references to the Newtonian Theory and Kepler's 
Laws, and to orbital motion generally, will be found in any book 
on particle dynamics, and would, of course, be studied by the 
mathematician as such. To the specialist in astronomy, how- 
ever, there is not much of value, though the tables of correction 
of Kepler's third law by the theory of gravitation are interesting. 
The trouble is that the authors only whet our appetite for lunar 
and planetary astronomy without gratifying it. On the other 
hand, as a treatise on dynamics, the book will prove invaluable 
to engineers and others who go beyond mere rule of thumb and 
inquire into general principles. The mathematics of the engineer 
can never be quite the same as the mathematics of the mathe- 
matician, and there is as much of the latter kind as the ad- 
vanced and competent engineer (who, of course, must have a 
working knowledge of calculus and differential equations) will 
want. 

The general statement of the problems of Kinematics of 
moving points is well and clearly set out, and the paragraphs in 
the first chapter on directed quantities referred to moving axes 
are verj- useful, though not, we believe, novel. In the second 
chapter, on dynamical principles, the arrangement is excellent, 
and the discussion on the laws of motion is well worthy of note. 
This part of the subject does not admit of great originality, but 
there is a piquant freshness and clearness of treatment. The 
discussion of speed in a resisting medium is very capable. The 
authors acknowledge the contributions of Sir George Greenhill 
to this branch of science, and one or two problems on the most 
effective displacements and horse-power of modern steamers are 
most remarkable. For the mathematical student the exercises 
on harmonic and cycloidal motion will prove extremely useful. 

The best part of the book is the treatment of the Dynamics 
of Rigid Bodies (Chapters V to X inclusive). The authors, of 
course, acknowledge their indebtedness to such writers as 
Jacobi, Appell, and Routh ; but, in some cases, we prefer their 
method to Routh's. They give practical illustrations of the 
application of principles to concrete facts, and they have not been 
slow to seize their opportunity. The motion of railwaj' carriages 
on an incline is well worked out, and so also is the dynamic of a 
vehicle on a curve. The most abstruse section is the handling 
of the rotational motion of tops and of gyrostats generally. The 
problem of the top is well done, and here again the authors have 
very properly acknowledged the enduring researches of Sir 
George Greenhill. A discussion of recondite mathematical 
functions is not attempted, though pure mathematicians might 
come to our help here in no small degree. The diagrams on 
precession of a top are most instructive, and, of course, a dis- 
cussion on gyrostats generally would not be complete without 
an explanation of the Brennan monorail car and the gyrostatic 
action of turbines in steamers. We should have liked to see 
more pages devoted to the practical applications here, but 
apparently the exigencies of space have prevented it. The 
tenth chapter is devoted to the General Dynamical Theory of 
Lagrange and Hamilton. We should have been pleased indeed 
to see Lagrange's general equations brought earlier into use, as 
they often prove of auxiliary service to the mathematician in 
working problems. Personally, however, we prefer the way in 
which Routh exhibits Lagrange's result. 

The last chapter is devoted to some problems in statics, which 
come in here well as special dynamical cases. On the whole, then, 
we can confidently recommend this book to students in Uni- 
versities and technical colleges. Next edition, we hope, will be 
provided with a general index. 



72 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Feb. 1, 1912. 



Hydkostatics. 
A Treatise on Hydromechanics. Part I, Hydrostatics. TiyW. H. 

Besant, Sc.D., F.E.S., and A. S. Ramsey, M.A. 7s. '6d. net. 

G. Bell. 
This is a seventh edition. The book is replete with elegant 
and suggestive problems tliat exemplify the best Cambridge 
School of Natural Philosophy. It is, indeed, remarkable to find 
such a quantity of useful vpork in its 270 pages ; and, with a 
view to further study, valuable references to the classical 
writings of famous mathematicians of the past are given in 
foot-potes. The chapters on Capillarity and Revolving Liquids 
are, in our opinion, the best in the book. In the former some 
use has been made of the Weierstrassian forms — a useful new 
addition. English mathematicians, especially those of the 
applied school, are too much inclined to be content with their 
Jacobi and to lose sight of the fact that much newer work in 
pure mathematics may be utilized, while the pure matliematician 
is too apt to be careless of the value of the physical applications 
of his work and will not trouble to leave it in a form that may 
be at once ready to the hand of the physicist. There are several 
problems on surface tension, but we should have liked to see 
some description of the work of recent researchers (Lord 
Rayleigh and others). The book lias always erred in being too 
much mathematical and too little physical : a happier mean may 
be attained in a later edition. 8ome interesting work has been 
done in the stability of soap bubbles, but we have not seen any 
reference to this ; in particular, the behaviour of bubbles in an 
electro-magnetic rield might have been mentioned. The chapter 
on Revolving Gravitating Liquid has been partly rewritten, and 
some notice of recent researches lias been included. Interesting 
problems on the subject of the Figure of the Earth might be 
followed up after a perusal of this chapter, but of course within 
the limits of the book the authors could hardly do more than 
scratch the surface of that subject. Many of the old problems 
have very properly been included ; some others have been taken 
out and newer ones substituted for them. On the whole, there is 
still room for improvements in the direction of practical utility : 
in particular, more might be made of the chapters on the 
stability and oscillations of floating bodies in reference to the 
behaviour of ships. At the same time no student that aims at 
high honours in mathematics can afford to neglect the book : it 
brings so much within easy reach of the man that has com- 
paratively limited time to spare. 



GENERAL NOTICES. 



MATHEMATICS. 
Practical Arithmetic. By R. S. Osborne. 2s. GJ. net. 

Effingham Wilson. 
A little book capable of forming the basis of a useful course in arith- 
metic. The instruction — more particularly in certain portions of the 
subject— needs at times to be amplified by careful oral explanations. 
The pupil is made famiUar with many of the terms having a definite 
connexion with business transactions ; moreover, a number of arith- 
metical rules that at first sight do not appear to be related to each other 
are shown (o be simple applications of a limited number of important 
general principles. In some of the details the text is liable to adverse 
laiticism. Eor example, the process of resolving a number into its 
prime factors is performed most scientifically, and with the least risk 
of error, when the prime divisors (repeated as often as they occur) are 
taken in their natural, and not, as hero, in any promiscuous, order. 
The expert, ceteris paribus, adopts the natursil order, and the beginner 
should invariably follow it. Again, in framing questions dealing with 
ratio and proportion, it is obviously a mistake to select numbers that 
necessitate the consideration oi fractions of persons. Thirdly, errors, not 
ahvays due to the compositor, occur here and there. We shall look for 
improvement in these respects in another edition. 

•' Stiff gest ire" Arithmeticcd Test Qnestiims (Class II and Class VII). 
Paper, Id. each net ; cloth, 2d. each net. McDougall. 
Specimens of a series of little books correspouding to the work of 
Standards II to VII of the elementary school. The booklets of (jues- 
tioiis are designed for use with any sot of arithmetics ; most suitably, 
perhaps, they may be employed in connexion with the series bearing the 
companion title and issued by the same pubUshing fimi. The exercises 
— between .six and seven thousand in number — are generally concrete in 
character. A consideration of problems taken at random from the mass 
of material suggests the comment that questions ought invariably to 
be worded in such a manner as to leave no doubt as to the meaning 
intended : some of those examined on the plan indicated are not free 
from ambiguity. The answers to the problems are not given in the little 



vohtmes, but books containing them may, we understand, be obtained 
separately at a trifling cost. 

A Logical yotationfor Mathematics. By Robert T. A. lunes, F.R.A.S. 
Cape Town : S.A. Association for the Advancement of Science. 
The above is the title given to a very interesting article culled from 
a recent issue of the South African Journal of Science and published as 
a separate pamphlet by the S.A. Association for the Advancement of 
Science. Theoretically, the principles advocated by the author have 
much to recommend them, and any real advance towards the radical 
simplification of the language of symbols is sure to be welcomed. The 
writer admits that the growth of an entirely satisfactory system must of 
necessity be slow. In some of the cases where his suggestions for fresh 
modes of notation appear to be original, they seem to offer distinct im- 
provements ; in other instances they are not equally happy. Thus to 
take a single example only : to the letter £ as a symbol of operation 
a definite meaning has ah-eady been assigned, and E(x) as at present 
understood is not equivalent to e", though this would be its interpreta- 
tion — still as a symbol of operation — if employed in accordance with the 
writer's plan. We refrain from further detailed comment, for Mr. 
Innes's paper is so short that it is obviously preferable to leave the con- 
sideration of it to readers of the article in its entirety. 

The first number of the Journal of the Association of Teachers of 
Mathematics for the South-eastern part of England (Is. 6d., Hon. Sec, 
The School, Tonbridge), is filled by Dr. A. N. Whitehead's Presidential 
Address on " The Place of Elementary Mathematics in a Liberal Educa- 
tion " — a trenchant and most suggestive paper. Three numbers are to 
be issued in each year, the papers and discussions being limited to *' the 
teaching of elementary mathemati'S in schools of every type." 

An elaborate article on " The Attraction of a Homogeneous Spherical 
Segment," by Sir George Greenhill, appears in the October number 
(1911) of the American Journal of Mathematics. 

SCIENCE. 

Senior Chemistry. By G. H. BaQey, D.Sc. Loud., Ph.D. Held., Lec- 
turer in Chemistry at the Victoria University, Manchester, and 
H. W. Bausor, M.A., late Scholar of Clare CoUege, Cambridge. 
4s. tid. Clive (LTniversity Tutorial Press). 
Mr. Bausor has prepared this volume on the basis of Dr. Bailey's 
well known " Tutorial Chemistry," extending the contents and varying 
the methods of treatment. The result is " a clear and adequate account 
of the elements of systematic chemistry and of the fundamental chemical 
laws, together with a good supply of experimental illustrations which 
the student can work through in the laboratory." The Cambridge 
Senior Local Examination would represent the standard aimed at. The 
exposition is simple and pointed, and the questions placed at the end of 
each chapter are judicious and suggestive. The experiments (216) are 
thoughtfully designed. There are 9-t figures. Answers to numerical 
questions and to the questions on chemical calculations (the subject of the 
last section and chapter) are appended. The index is usefully full. A 
very careful, practical, and helpful manual. 

Elementary Quantitatice Analysis. By F. M. Oldham, B.A., late Scholar 
of Trinity Hall, Cambridge, Senior Science Master at Dulwich 
College. Is. 6d. Mills & Boon. 
About two- thirds of the book is devoted to volumetric analysis and 
the rest to gravimetric analysis. The explanations and directions are 
brief and pointed, and the experiments are extremely well calculated to 
ensure a solid foimdation, while practical exercises appended to the 
chapters drive home the teaching of the text. The book is intended 
for students preparing for natural science scholarships at the Uni- 
versities, for the Loudon Intermediate Science Examination, and for the 
First Medical Examination. Of course, it is suitable as an introductory 
work, apart altogether from cousideration of examinations. Eleven 
diagrams. 

An Intermediate Text-book of Botany. By Ernest Evans, Natural Science 
Master, Technical Institute, Burnley. 6s. Longmans. 
Mr. Evans writes frtun large teaching experience and with a constant 
eye to practical training, arranging the matter so as to simplify the 
practical work and to advance gradually from the simpler to the more 
complex fonns. The treatment is systematic and ample. The standard 
in view is the Intermediate B.Sc. of the London University and the 
Second Stage Syllabus of the Board of Education, and the book oft'ers 
an excellent second year's course for students generally. Revision 
questions arc appended to the several chapters, and some recent Board 
of Education ([uestions are given at the end of the volume. There are 
over three hundred figui'es admirably drawn and reproduced. An ex- 
ceptionally good text-book. 

A Textbook of Botany, by J. M. Lowson, M.A., B.Sc, F.L.S., 
Head Master of the Burgh Technical School and Head of the Science 
Departments in the High School and the Royal Academy, Inverness, 
appears in a seventh impression (fifth edition), revtred and enlarged. 
(6s. 6d., Clive — University Tutorial Press). The revision has been 
thoroughgoing and some new diagrams have been introduced. 
Numerous test questions are appended and there is an ample index. 
An extremely good introductory textbook. 



Feb. 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



73 



The fourth volume of I'lie Joiiriuil uf the Mniucipal Sriiool of Techno- 
hiiiy, Manchester, records a larg:e number of investig-ations undertaken 
by members of the teaching staff and students of the school during the 
year 1910. The subjects are widely varied, and the treatment is most 
capable. 

FRENCH. 

A Book of French Terse. Collected by St. John Lucas. 

3s. Cd. Clarendon Press. 

"The Oxford Book of French Verse" and "The Oxford Book of 
Italian Verse" have already proved the taste and the scholarship of Mr. 
Lucas, and both qualities are confirmed by this collection. The selec- 
tions (155) range from the fourteenth century down to the present day — 
from Eustache Deschamps and Charles d'Orleans down to de Banville 
.■md Verlaine. A prefatory " Note on French Lyric Poetry " is really a 
tasteful little essay, marked by scholarly discrimination. There is also a 
brief outline of the rules governing the construction of French verse, 
which will not be found superfluous. The notes appended ai-e both bio- 
graphical and explanatory ; and there is an index of first lines. It is a 
pretty little handy volume that the French scholar, even of moderate 
attainment, will frequently dip into with ever renewed pleasure. 
"Oxford Higher French Seiies." — (1) Une Annie duns le Siihel. By 
Fromentin. Edited by L. Moi'el, LL.D., Professeur a TUniversite 
de Paris. (.3s.Gd.net.) (2) E/nf!es Fraii(;aises et Aiiglnises. By E. 
Scherer. Edited by Francis Storr. 'is. 6d. net. Clarendon Press. 

(1) " Je n'etonnerai pei'sonne," wrote Sainte-Beuve, " tn disant que 
M. Fromentin, maigre ses pages si neuves de description et si ardents, 
nialgre ses avidites et ses audaces d'incursion dans le desert, n'est qu'iin 
clas<ique, raffine peut-ctre, mais vif et sincere, un classique rajeuui." 
Prof. Morel gives a long introduction (in French), tracing the career of 
Fromentin, and commenting upon his work as a painter and a writer, and 
particularly on the present book. Sahel, he tells us in his useful notes, 
•' is an Arabic word meaning coast, shore," and " it is the name given to 
that strip of land which, on either side of Algiers, spreads north of the 
plain of the Mitidja." The narrative is bright and engaging, and the 
descriptions vivid. r2) The "studies" are literary portraits of de 
Tocqueville, George Eliot, Michelet, Chateaubriand, Thiei's, Prevost- 
Paradol, John Stuart Mill, and Sainte-Beuve — a sufficiently varied and 
interesting group. The introduction is comparative!}' brief, but quite 
adequate ; it is biographical and critical, and pointedly estimates Scherer's 
characteristics and rank as a critic. The notes, which are pretty full, 
will be extremely helpfiU. An admirable edition of an excellent selection 
for advanced students. 

Siepinann's French Series for liapid Readini/. General Editors: Otto Siep- 
mann and Eugene Pellissier. Is. each. Macmillan. 

Tlus series is intended to provide suitable material for rapid reading, 
whether in class or in private ; and of cour.se the books can also be studied 
more leisurely and in detail, according to circumstances. There is an 
Elementary Section and an Intermediate-and-Advanced Section. In the 
latter section we have: (1) Le Gendre de Monsieur Poirier (Augier and 
Sandeau), (2) La Vendetta (Balzac), (3) Voyage en Grcce (Chateaubriand), 
[i] Voyage en Espagne (Gautier), (5) Le Tailleur de Pierres de Saint- 
Point (Lamartine), (li) Voyage autour de ma Chambre (X. de Maistre), 
1 7) La Jacquerie (Mcrimce), (8) Histoire de la Revolution Fraucaise 
(Mignet), (9) Charlotte Corday (Ponsard), and (10) Bataille de Dames ; 
ou, un Duel en Amour (Scribe and Legouvc). The matter is most varied 
and excellent. Some of the works are necessarily abridged and adapted to 
the space available. The volumes are all furnished with suitable intro- 
ductions and notes, and with the usual Siepmann apparatus of words and 
phrases. They are beautifully printed, and substantially bound in limp 
cloth. An admirable addition to the resources of the French classroom. 

GERMAN. 
•' O.tford German Series." Edited by Julius Goebel, Ph.D., Professor 
of Germanic Languages in the University of Illinois. 3s. net each 
volume. Oxford Univei'sity Press. London : Henry Frowde. 
This series is issued by the American Branch of the Oxford University 
I'res-. and happily introduced to English readers by Mr. Frowde. The 
tirat five volumes are edited by scholars teaching in or otherwise con- 
nected with American Universities. (1) Twan der Schrecliliche itnd sein 
Sund (Hoffmann), edited by Charles Marshall Poor, Ph.D., Instructor 
m GeiTuan in the University of Illinois —a story of school interest, de- 
lightfully humorous, with a serious undertone. (2) Agnes liernauer 
(Hebbel), edited by Camillo von Klenze, Ph.D., Professor of German in 
Brown University — a modern tragedy on an historical (fifteen century) 
■asis, written in terse and vigorous prose. (3) I>ie drei c/erechlen 
Kammncher and Fran lietjel Arnrain tind ihr Jnngster ; Zwei Novellen von 
Gottfried Keller, edited by Herbert Z. Kip, Ph.D., Associate Professor 
of Germanic Languages, Vanderbilt University — illustrating an educa- 
tional ideal in different aspects, humorous and not over-didactic. 
It) Die Jndenhnche (Droste-Hiilshoff), edited by Dr. Ernst O. Eckel- 
iiiann, one-time Ottendorfer Memorial Fellow of New York University 
— ." ein Sittengemiilde aus dem gebirgichten Westfalen," an excellent 
short story. (5) Else von der Tanne (Raabe), edited by Samuel James 
Tease, Assistant Professor of Modern Languages in the University of 
North Dakota — a beautiful and pathetic tale of the grim period of the 
Thirty Years' War, not so difficult as Raabe's charming writings 



SELECTED BOOKS FOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS. 

PUBLISHED BY 

Ulntversit^ tutorial press 



MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE. 
Arithmetic, The School. An edition of The Tutorial 

Arithimlir iiiliipteil for sclinol use. By \V. P. Workman, 51. A., B.Sc. Second 
Edition. Witli or without Answers. 3s. 6d. Also in Two Parts, each with or 
without .\nswcrs. 2s. KEY. 5s. 6(1. net. 

Arithmetic, The Junior. Being an adaptation of The 

Tutorial Arithmetic suitable for Junior Classes. By R. H. ChoPB, B.A. 
With or without Answers. Second Edition. 2s. 6d. 

Botany for Matriculation. By F. Caters, D.Sc. 5s. 6d. 

Also in Two Parts :— Part I, 3s. 6cl. Part II, 2s. 6d. 

Chemistry, Junior. By E. H. Adie, M.A., B.Sc. 2s. 6d. 

Tliis lionk meets tlie reqiiiremeiits of the Oxford and Cambridge Junior Locals 
and of lier cxainmatinns of this standard. 

Chemistry for Matriculation. By G. H. Bailey, D.Sc, 

I'll. I)., and H. \\. liAlsoK, JI.A. 5s. 6d. 

Geometry, The School. Being an edition of Geometry, 

Theoretical and Practical, Parts I and II, specially adapted for ordinary 
school use. By W. P. WoRKM.iN, M.A.. B.Sc, and A. G. Cbackxell, M.A., 
B.Sc. 3s. 6d. ' .\lso in Two Parts. 2s. each. 

Heat, The New Matriculation: tight. The New 

Matrlcalatlon: Sound, The New Matriculation. By R. W. 

Stewart, It.Sc. Three volumes. 2s. 6d. each. 



ENGLISH, LATIN, AND FRENCH. 
English Course, The Matriculation. By W. H. Low, 

5I,A..and Joiix liRlocis. M A.F.Z.S. Third Edition. 3s. 6d. 

English Literature from 1579. ]3y A. J. Wyatt. 2s. 

(From Jlr. Wjatt's Jlisfurij of EnrjUsh Literature.) 

English History, Groundwork of. By M. E. Cakteh, 

Hono\u- School of Jlodern History, 0-\ford. With Coloured Maps. 2s. 

History of England, School. By M. E. Caetee, Honour 

Scliool of 5Ioilern History, O.xford. 3s. 6d. Also in Three Parts as follows:— 
Part 1, to 1603, Is. 6d. Part II. 1485-1714, Is. 6(1. Part III, 1660-1910, Is. 6d. 

History of England, The Tutorial (to 1901). By C. S. 

PkarensuiE, :M.A, 4s, 6c1. 

French Composition, Groundwork of. By Ernest 

Weekley, M.A., Professor of French at University ColleRe, Nottingham. 
2s. KEY'. 2s.6d.net. 

French Course, Junior. By Prof. E. Weekley, M.A. 

,'iecoud Edilioii. 2-^.M. KKV. 2s.6d.net. 

French Course, The Matriculation. By E. Weeuley, 

Jl..\., Kxauiiiiei ill Iho Iiiiversity of London. Third Edition. 3s. 6d. KEY. 

2s. 6a. net. 

French Unseens, Senior. By L. J. Gardinee, M.A. Is. 

A carefuliv graduated collection of passages for practice in translation at sight. 
The extracts are of the length and standard of ditticulty usual at the Cambridge 
Senior Local Fxamiiiatinn. 

Geography, Text-Book of. By G. C. Fey, M.Sc. With 

Coloured Maps. .Sicoid Edition, Revised and Enlarged. 4s. 6d. 

Latin Course, Junior. By B. J. Hayes, M.A. Second 

Edition. 2s. 6d. KEY. 2s.6d.net. 

Latin Grammar, The Tutorial. By B. J. Hayes, M.A., 

Gold Medallist in (lassies, and W. F. Masom, M.A., Examiner in the "University 
of London. Fourth Edition. 3s. 6d. 

Copies of the Keys supplied only to Teachers or to Private Students 
certified as such hy a Clergyman or Schoolmaster. 



Complete Catalogue of Educational Books post free on application. 



Univeroit^ C:utorial press, U^, 

DRURY LANE, LONDON, W.C. 



74 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Feb. 1, lyl2. 



usually are. The mtrodxictious, if mostly sliij;ht, are sufficient ; the 
notes are select rather than numerous ; vocabularies are tolerably ade- 
quate and convenient ; and the type is agreeable and the get-up 
tasteful. Each volume has a frontispiece — portrait or scene. An ex- 
cellent series, offering in an attractive form a great variety of prose 
literature that may be readily attempted after a couple of years' study 
of German. 

HISTORY. 

A Short HUtorij of the Scottish People. By Donald Macmillan, M.A., D.D. 
10s. 6d. net. Hodder & Stoughton. 
Dr. Macmillan aims at providing a history of medium dimensions in a 
single volume for such readers as have no time to toil through several 
tomes and no patience to con a mere school book. It is the history of (he 
Scottish people that he essays to portray — the amalgamation of the 
original races into a nation, the struggles of the nation to secure free in- 
stitutions for the expression of the popular will, the religious, political, 
and social developments. He narrates in fluent (though not always 
careful) style the more important facts, so as to present an agreeable and 
generally correct and effective view of the course of events. The least 
satisfactory section embraces the chapters on the War of Independence — 
admittedly a difficult period : the authorities are not quite adequately 
grasped, and they are still less adequately sifted. The periodic chapters 
on the social conditions, on the other hand, are very instructive. The 
five maps are most welcome; and we should have been glad to have 
sketch maps of the more important battles. An attractive and capable 
work. 

A School History of Eiiylmul. By JI. E. Carter. 3s. 6d. University 
Tutorial Press. 
This volume has been written with a view to placing in the hands of 
older secondarj' scholars a reliable and lucid outline of our history down 
to the death of King Edward VII. When we remember the vast period 
to be traversed and the overwhelming amoimt of information available, 
we must admit that the book is a skilful example of compression. Very 
careful judgment has been exercised in the selection of the matter, and 
a proper perspective maintained. UnUke most books of this class the 
style is forcible yet not stilted. Occasionally, however, a sentence tails 
off feebly; for instance, " Palmerston .... defeating him on a verbal 
amendment ^0 ff .B)« " .■ why not name the [Mditia) Bill? Again, the 
strict adherence to the chronological method sometimes involves a com- 
bination of rather indistinct impressions tending to obscure the general 
historic outlook. Still the scholarship is sound, and the information is 
just what Senior Local candidates require as a general guide to more 
detailed works. There are useful tables of refereni:e to European affairs, 
and of chronological events in English history. The work should prove 
a useful manual to e.xaminees in histor}' generally. 

An Introduction to the Study of Local History and Antiquities. By John 
E. Morris, D.Litt. Oxon., F.R.Hist.S., Assistant Master in Bed- 
ford Grammar School, and Humfrey Jordan, B.A., Pembroke Col- 
lege, Cambridge. 4s. 6d. net. Routledge. 
" This book is the outcome of the circular of the Board of Education, 
issued in 1908, on the teaching of history in schools." It is a handy 
volume giving "a general idea of local history and of antiquities, so 
that students may have a sense of proportion in comparing the great 
events of our national life with the particular events of one district, and 
that in \-isiting a new country they may extend their comparisons." 
After sketching Britain in the Stone, Bronze, and Iron Ages, with 
typical illustrations 'of monimients and modes of life, the authors treat of 
Roman Britain, Anglo-Saxon England, Norman England, Medieval 
England, Wales and Scotland. Medieval Ecdesiiistical England, Com- 
mercial a'ld Industrial and Domestic England, and Tudor and Stuart 
and later England. The Roman roads and towns, camps and forts ; 
the Saxon settlements tillage Ufe, farming system ; traces of Danisl'i 
Vikings; manors and knight-service, castles and cathedrals, aims and 
armour, &c.— these and many other outstanding features at different 
periods are discussed and illustrated in connexion with the historical 
development. An extremely instructive and suggestive volume, with 
sixty-four plates. 

EDUCATION. 

The Iteligious Question in Public Education : A Critical Examination of 
Schemes representing various Points of View. By Athelstan Riley, 
M.A., Seigneur de la Trinito, sometime member of the Scliool Board 
for London: Michael E. Sadler, C.B., M.A., Hon. LL.D.CoL, Vice- 
Chancellor of Leeds University; and Cyril Jackson, JI.A., Vice- 
Chairman of the London County Council. 6s. net. Longmans. 
We sincerely hope, and we are inclined to believe, that the editors are 
right in saying that " on almost all sides there is a growing disposition 
to look fairly at the problem of education as a whole, to review it in the 
light of national necessities, to regard purely sectional criticism as in- 
adequate, and to consider the question of religious teaching not simply 
in itself, but in its intimate and necessary relationships to the whole 
course of study, and as one factor in the character-forming influences of 
school life." The present volume, at any rate, is an able and convenient 
review of the more important opinions, and ' ' affords instructive material 
for the next attempt at educational legislation." It is based on nearly 
a hundred replies from different sources to Mr. Riley's letter of appeal 
(March 27, 1909), some sketching suggestions, others elaborately formu- I 



lating schemes. It is essential to remember that "the adjustment of 
national education to public needs and to private conviction is the most 
difficult question which confronts the modern State," that it '■ is full of 
history," and that "the psychology of the situation is even more im- 
portant than the politics of it." The editors, of course, " are far from 
thinking that they have found tlie key to a difficulty which has loni.' 
perplexed the minds of statesmen in England and elsewhere." But 
they have done excellent service in bringing together and criticizinu- 
jn-oposals that are more or less widely entertained," and that fairly claim 
serious consideration. 

"Educational Psychology Monographs." — (1) Spelliuy Efficiency i„ 
relit tion to Aye, Griidc. and Se.c, and the Question of Transfer. By 
J. E. Wallace WalUn, Ph.D., Director of the Laboratory of Clin- 
ical Psychology in the New Jersey State Village for Epileptics. 
(2) ir/icn should a Child bey in. School? By W. H. Winch, Inspector 
of Schools for the London County Council. Baltimore : Warwick 
& York. 
These are slim volumes of about a hundred pages, treating the dif- 
ferent subjects by means of statistical inquiries, the results being set 
out in tables and very fairly discussed. Of course, these subjects cannot 
be exempted from scientific inquiry ; but we share Prof. Annstrong's 
distrust, unless the limits of the validity of the experiments be very 
strictly and vividly borne in mind. The narrow basis of the re-sult^* 
must be carefully kept in view — a defect imavoidable at the present 
stage of inquii-y. Dr. WaUin concludes that there is nothing like "a 
good drill" for remedying poor spelling, and " two of the prime ele- 
ments of a good spelling drill are the intensive daily focabzation of 
consciousness upon a limited number of words and attentive follow-up 
drills or reviews, which should be continued until a state of relative 
automatism has ensued." It is enough to make a cast-iron statue 
shiver. Both Dr. WaUin and Mr. Winch have taken extreme pains ; 
but in neither case is there evolved anything particularly divergent from 
the results of common observation. Still, the scientific investigation 
has its interest, and both volumes should be placed on the educationist's 
shelf. 

RELIGIOUS AND MORAL. 

Auioug the Idol Mit\ers. By L. P. Jacks, Editor of the liibhert Journal. 
5s. net. Williams & Norgate. 
There are idol makers and idol makers. There is the story of a 
maker of idols in the prosaic way of hard business, and there are more 
stories of makers of idols in the sphere of mind — idols intellectual, 
educational, artistic, religious, &c. The stories may be read merely ;is 
stories with great interest ; but, underlying them all, and often not very 
deeply under them, is a pungent criticism of some of the more pro- 
minent of modern practical and speculative notions and motives of 
conduct. The book is singularly fresh and \-ivid, and the scenes arc 
often strikingly dramatic. The education of Tom Sydenham is a sketch 
for educationists to ponder over. A very clever and suggestive volume. 

The Smaller (Jamhridge Bible for Schools. General editors : A. W. Streane, 
D.D., and R. Appleton, M.A. Revised and enlarged edition. 
Is. net each voliune. Cambridge University Press. 
We have five volumes of the re\'ised edition of this justly popular 
series: (1) Judges, edited by J. Sutherland Black, LL.D., and Siith, 
edited by A. W. Streane, D.D. ; (2) The First Hook of the Kings, edited 
by T. H. Hennessy, M.A., Dean and Lecturer of Sehvyn College, 
Cambridge ; (3) I'he Book of Prorcrbs, edited by the Rev. J. R. Coates. 
B.A. : (4) Joel and Amos, edited by J. C. H. How, M.A., Precentor and 
Hebrew Lecturer, Trinity College, Cambridge, Examining Chaplain to 
the Bishop of Southwark ; (.5) The Acts of the Apostles, edited by H. C. O. 
Lanchcster, M.A., Fellow and Dean of Pembroke College, Cambridge. 
The introductions and notes, while scholarly, are quite simple, and they 
help greatly to an understanding of the text. The type is clear and the 
get-up is agreeable. 

The Hebrew Prophets for English Headers. Edited by Francis H. Woods, 
B.D., sometime Fellow and Theological Lecturer of St. John's Col- 
le;;e, Oxford, Rector of Bainton, Examining Chaplain to the Arch- 
bishop of York, and Francis E. Powell, M.A., late Vicar of Sewerby 
and Grindale. In four volumes. Vol. Ill : Obadiah, Ezekiel, anil 
Isaiah xl-lxvi. 2s. 6d. net. Clarendon Press. 
The text is displayed, as in the two previous volumes, with obviou-^ 
ett'ect. It does seem strange that the editors should require to explain 
in their preface the meaning and purpose of the division into lines andi^f 
the grouping of the lines on the page. The introductions to the sevei iil 
books are full of instructive matter, carefully condensed and lucidly ex- 
pressed ; and in the cases of Ezekiel and Isaiah they are necessarily full, 
dealing with the numerous questions raised in connexion with the^e 
books. The foot-notes are valuable aids to the general reader. Thi- 
index is usefully elaborate. 

Essays on Eiity and Discipline. A series of Papers on the Training of 

Children in relation to Social and National Welfare. Ss. net. 

Cassell. 

The volume is in a fifth edition (within little more than a year), though 

we do not remember seeing it before. It consists of forty essays, ami 

the object is to draw " public attention to the very generally acknow- 

[Continued on patje 76.) 



Feb. 1, 1912 ] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



io 



^ 



^ 



IMPORTANT NOTICE 



Mr. AVm. Heixemann" wislu-s to dniw llie attention of Head and 
Assistant Masters to tlif New Series of Schoo/ Readers which (together 
with other new educational books) lie is about to issue. The series will 
be entitled 

HEINEMANN'S HERO 
READERS 

and will deal with tlu' li\<> and aeliipvcnn*nts of the great heroes of all 
ages. They will lie wriltcn with a vifw lo kindle in youthful minds the 
desires to excel and lead, manliness and lortitude. 

The first volume SltACKLETOX IX THE AXTARCTIC is now 

ready. It tells in simple language the thrilling story of Sir Ernest 
Sliackleton's splendid ttVort to reach the South Pole; the hardships he 
had to face, the treincndous energy wilh which they were overcome, 
and how Qneen AIex;nulia's Union Jack was planted within 120 miles 
of the Hole. It is a book to make youths glow with enthusiasm. It is 
certainly the ideal School Reader. 



HEINEMANN'S HERO READERS 

Illustrated. Cro%vn 8vo, Is. 6d. each. 
Now Ready, Vol. I. 

SHACKLETON IN 
THE ANTARCTIC 

By Sir E. SHACKLETON, C.V.O. 

'255 pages. 47 chapters. 50 full-page Photographs. Clearly 
printed on good paper. Strongly bound. Crown 8vo, Is. 6d. 

WM. HEINEMA.NN, 21 Bedford Street, London, W.C. 






FOR THE 

GEOGRAPHY CLASS. 

BATHY-OROGRAPHICAL WALL MAPS, 

Willi llirir Coiilnur Lint's ami SIkhIi-s cf (.'"lorn-, present to the pupil an 
inti'UiL'i'nl anil Mcriiratr pictnrt' of tile eiinlip'iiration of the country. 
Willi theM- Maps the 'I'eaelier linds it an easy matter to make his pupils 
anderstaiKl how physieal l.aets have contributed to commercial develop- 
ment. 12 Maps ready. 50 by 42 inches. 

Mounted on Cloth, Rollers, and Varnished 12/- 

Mounted on Cloth, Rollers, and Unvarnished ... 10/- 

Mounted on Cioth to Fold, Eyeleted .. 12/- 

PHOSl'ECTVS POST FUF.B. 

NEW GEOGRAPHICAL EXERCISE BOOKS. 

THE WORLD, containinir 40 Outline Maps, 3 double-page Maps, and 
10 pai-'es Squared Paper. Price 4d. net. 

ENGLAND AND WALES, containing 11 Outline Maps, 1 donblepage 
Map, and 12 pages Squared Paper. Price 4d. net. 
EUROPE in preparation. 
SnifitUr for Intermediate Certificate Class }Vork. 

OROGRAPHICAL ATLAS. 

EDINBURGH SCHOOL ATLAS-New Edition with New Colour- 
ing. A great impro\enie?it. I\Iakes the Maps cleiu- and distinct, and 
gives the pupils an intelligent idea ol the conliguiation of the dilTei'ent 
countries. Handy and compact in size. Price Is. With Index to 
10,000 names uf places. 

A SIXPENNY EDITION (Without Index) is now ready. 

OROGRAPHICAL HAND MAPS. 

For Test Pnrposes. M'ith heiirhts of land and depths of sea in varying 
tints of brown, green, and blue. 16 in sot. One Penny each net. 
SPECfMEX MAP FREE TO AXl' ADDRESS. 

W. & A. K. JOHNSTON, Ltd. 

6 Paternoster Bujldinss, London, E.G.; 

AND AT EDINBURGH. 



STANFORD'S 

NEW OROGRAPHICAL MAPS 

Compiled under the direction of 

H. J. MACKINDER, M.A., M.P., 

Reader in Geography in the Uniuersity of London. 



"This excellent sevies.'l—Geogmphicul Journal. 

These Maps tire primarily intended to depict the physical 
features of the Continents, but by the employment of the 
device of grey, almost transparent lettering, many names 
have been inserted without spoiling the graphic effect of 
the colouring. The contour lines have been drawn at the 
same intervals above and below the sea-level, with the result 
of rendering visible the true contrast between land elevations 
and ocean depths. The frontiers of countries have been 
marked by distinct, though subordinate, broken lines, and 
every town of a given minimum population has been indicated 
by a symbol. 

\. MAP OF EUROPE. 

Four Sheets, 60 X 54 inches ; 63' 1 miles to an inch 

(1 : 4,000,000). 

2. MAP OF AFRICA. 

Four Sheets, 50 x 58 inches ; 115 miles to an inch 
(1 : 7,286,400). 

3. MAP OF PALESTINE. 

Four Sheets, 52 x 62 inches ; 4 miles to an inch (1 : 253,44(1). 

4. MAP OF ASIA. 

Four Sheets, 58 x 50 inches ; 140 miles to an inch 
(1:8,870,400). 

5. MAP OF NORTH AMERICA. 

Four Sheets, 52x60 inches; y4'y miles to an inch 
(1 : 6,013,500). 

6. MAP OF SOUTH AMERICA. 

Four Sheets, 52 x 60 inches ; 94 miles to an inch 
(1: 6,000,000). 

7. MAP OF AUSTRALASIA. 

Four Sheets, 58 x 50 inches ; 85 miles to an inch 
(1: 5,.385,600). 

8. MAP OF THE BRITISH ISLES. 

Four Sheets, 50 x 58 inches ; 1T5 miles to an inch 
(1: 728,640). 

" Thoroughly trustworthy and up to date. . . . Altogether we c;ui 
thoroughly recommend these maps — all o£ them — for the classroom." 
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Complete Prosjxctus on application. 



London : 

EDWARD STANFORD, 

12, 13, and 14, LONG ACRE, W.C. 

Cartofftaplter to His MfiJ<'stu the King. 



7Q 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Feb. 1, 1912. 



lodged growth of indiscipline amongst British children of all classeK, to 
the decay among them of a sense of duty, and to the apparent gradual 
disappearance of the ancient British determination to overcome dif- 
ficulties by the force of a strong will which declined, under all circiun- 
stances, to recognize even the possibility of defeat." We suspect the 
alleged mischief is considerably exaggerated, and probably readers will 
not always agree with the distinguished essayists. But, for all that, the 
general ideal advocated is eminently worthy, and the earnest purpose 
of the writers will no doubt have much good eflfect. 

MEDICINE. 

Medical Science of To-Vatj : a Popular Account of the more recent 
developments in Medicine and Surgery. By Willmott Evans, M.D., 
B.S., B.Sc. Loud., F.R.C.S. Eng., Surgeon to the Royal Free Hos- 
pital, and Surgeon to the Hospital for Diseases of the Skin, Black- 
friars. 6s. net. Seeley (The Science of To-Day Series). 
The advances made in medicine and surgery in very recent times are 
among the greatest triumphs of science, and some acquaintance with the 
general principles on which the modern science of healing is based ought 
to be a common possession of thoughtful minds. The extension of 
medical aims to the prevention of disease is also more and more fruitful. 
Dr. Evans deals with the causes of disease, and particularly with germs 
(mainly vegetable), the revealing power of the microscope and of the 
X-rays, as well as of other means of diagnosis, vaccination, antiseptic 
surgery, drugs, the action of insects in the production of disease, and the 
campaign against malaria, industrial diseases, legal medicine, &c. He 
writes with ample knowledge, makes a judicious selection of the more 
illustrative subjects, and has the power of concise, lucid, and agreeable 
exposition. He calmly promises to stretch the allotted threescore and 
ten years several decades further, provided we will frankly accept the 
teachings of science, and do as the doctor bids us. A most interesting 
and instructive volume. Numerous illustrations. 

Mypnotism and Suggestion, in Daily Life, Education, and Medical Practice. 
By Bernard Hollander, M.D. Cs. net. Pitman. 
The author is a well known student and practitioner of hypnotism and 
peculiarly capable of illustrating its application in the treatment of 
nervous and mental disorders. Hypnotism, however, has a psycho- 
logical as well as a therapeutic aspect, and Dr. Hollander here oilers a 
comprehensive treatment of both aspects. Those that are interested in 
clairvoyance, thought transference, apparitions, mesmerism, and the 
like, will find much matter of ciirious interest. Dr. Hollander deals 
with the dangers of hypnotism, and properly states that " the only safe- 
guard the public has is not to submit to the treatment of hypnotism 
except by a qualified physician, and then only in the presence of a third 
person, relative or friend." A very readable and interesting work. 

Medical Examination of Schools and Scholars. Edited by T. N. Kelynack, 
M.D., M.R.C-S. 10s. 6d. net. King. 
An inspiring introduction by Sir Lauder Brunton is followed by 
thirty-two chapters in which thoroughly competent writers discuss 
ditferent parts and aspects of the general subject, each adding to his 
paper a helpful bibliography. The later chapters deal with the position 
of the movement in Britain overseas, in America, and in the progressive 
countries of Western Europe. "The aim of the work is essentially a 
practical one — it seeks to provide a complete guide for school medical 
officers and to afford educationists and all interested in the welfare of 
the school child with a reliable and authoritative exposition of the 
methods and means whereby the best use may be made of the machinery 
at present available." A volume of the highest excellence and utility. 

LAW. 

Stevens^ Elements of Mercantile Law, by Herbert Jacobs, B.A., Barrister- 
at-Law (10s 6d., Butterworth), is comprehensive, judiciously selective, 
and lucid. It now appears in a fifth edition, which seems to testify to 
its suitability to the needs of students, especially accounts.ncy students. 
Recent important statutes and judicial decisions have also had their effect 
on the call for a new edition ; and these have bsen carefully worked into 
the text, which has been very drastically revised. The introduction of 
several new subjects has considerably enlarged the book. 

An Intriiduction to Comm--rcial Law, by Ernest G. Dixon (Butterworth), 
gives a plain and simple statement of the outlines of the subject, furnish- 
ing the reader with a sound basis for more advanced study. The ex- 
perience of the author in teaching economics and the machinery of busi- 
ness has guided him in laying stress on the more essential points in 
practical affairs. 

The Alphabet of the National Insurance Act, 1911, by C. G-. Morau, 
Barrister-at-Law (Is. net, Methuen), is a simple gidde to the meaning of 
the statute, the various matters being treated alphabetically umler the 
two large divisions, Health Insurance and Unemployment Insurance. 
It will serve its purpose usefully. 

The Poor Law Report of l'J09, by Helen Bosauquet — "a summary 
explaining the defects of the present system and the principal reconi- 
mendations of the Commission so far as relates to England and Wales " 
— nowapi'earsin Messrs. Macmillan's excellent "New Shilling Library." 
The explanations are (^lear and helpful, and in their new form will use- 
fully reach a wider field. 



ANNUALS. 

irho\^ Who, 1912 (10s. net, A. & C. Black), contains some 21,000 
biographies in 2,364 pages, thoroughly revised up to the end of August 
last. Though getting bulky, it still remains handy. The type is very 
clear, and the binding flexible. A most valuable handbook, which has 
made itself quite indispensable for reference. 

ll'hoU Who Yearbook, 1912-13 (Is. net, A. & C. Black), which con- 
sists of tables that foi-med the original nucleus of "Who's Who," is a 
necessary companion volume. The tables very conveniently supplement 
the biographies of the larger work. There are lists of University pro- 
fessors and owners of winning racehorses, of managers of railways and 
titled American ladies, Newdigate Prizemen and Freemasons, clubs and 
theatres, &c., to say nothing of the official lists. 

The Writers' and Artists' Yearbook, 1912 (Is. net, A. & C. Black), con- 
tinues to be well adapted for the guidance of aspirants to success in 
literary and artistic work. It furnishes lists of journals and magazines. 
English and American, with information about "copy " and pay, and the 
way to go to work in order to convert the one into the other. Lists of 
publishers in English-speaking countries, of colour-printers and photo- 
graphers (for illustrations), &c. , are very convenient. This volume is 
also growing. 

The Englishicoman's Yearbook and Directory, 1912, edited by G-. E. 
Mitton (with the assistance of an honorary consultative committee), is 
the thirty-first annual issue of a most useful collection of information 
about all the careers open to women — education, professions, literature, 
sport, philanthropy, &c. The information about the position of women 
in municipal, industrial, and social life is rather of a special character, 
not likely to be got so conveniently elsewhere. The articles are full of 
sound practical matter, and well written. 

The Christmas Bookseller, 1911 (12 Warwick Lane, Paternoster Row, 
E.C. ; Is., by post Is. 6d.), gives an ample and handsome representation 
of the books of the season issued by the various publishing houses, with 
profuse illustrations. 

Philips' Nature Calendar, 1912 (6d. net, George Philip &Son), is artis- 
tically got up, as usual, and it is furnished with excellent Nature Notes 
for each month, judiciously compiled, and suggestive to teachers and 
others. 

FIRST GLANCES. 

Mathematics. 

Arithmetic, Commercial. By S. Ashworth, B.A. Lond., Head Master, 
Grange Road Council School, Bradford, and G. F. Ashworth, B.A. 
Lond., Second Master, Technical Institution, Swindon. Part I, ^_ 
9d. ; Part II, 8d. ; complete. Is. 4d. ; with answers. Is. 6d. Nisbet ^M 
(Commercial and Technical Series). TI 

Arithmetic, Rational, The. Girls' Edition. By George Ricks, B.Sc. 
Lond., for upwards of thu-ty-three years Inspector of Schools to the 
late School Board for London and the London County Council. 
Scholars' Books: First to Seventh Year's Courses, 3d., 3d., 3d., 
3d., 3d., 5d. (sixth and seventh years together). Teachers' Books : 
First to Seventh Year's Courses, 8d., Sd., 8d., 8d., 8d., lOd. (sixth 
and seventh years together). Macmillan. 

Arithmetic, Realistic, Nisbet's. By H. G. Wood, Head Master, Bel- 
mont Council School, Chiswick, London, W., late Head Master, 
St. Mark s College Practising School, Chelsea. Books IV and V, 
3d., -Id. (cloth, 4d., 5d.). Nisbet. 

Arithmetic, Reform, Macmillan's. By Pollard Wilkinson, B.A., B.Sc, 
F.R.A.S., Head Master, Ipswich Municipal Secondary School for 
Boys, and Principal, Ipswich Municipal Technical School ; and 
F. W. Cook, A.C.P., Head Master, Springfield Boys' School, 
Ipswich. Books I-VI (Scholars' Books), 3d., 3d., 3d., 3d., 4d., 
4d. Teachers' Books, with Answers : I-IV, pd. each. 

Book VII is in active preparation. "Specimen copies of the 
Scholars' Books (witli a view to introduction) will be presented to 
head teachers on application specifying distinctly the book or the 
class for which the book is required." 

Arithmetic, Senior, The. Part II. Edited by J. L. Martin, Head 
Master of the Adcroft School, Trowbridge. lOd. Harrap (New 
Concrete Practical Arithmetic). 

Geometry, A New. By W. M. Baker, M.A., Head Master of the 
Military and Civil Side at Cheltenham College, and A A. Bourne, 
M.A., late Head Mathematical Master of the Classical Side at 
Cheltenham College. 2s. (id. Bell. 

Condensation of the author.s' " Elementary Geometry " on the 
same lines, but with considerable changes. 

Geometry, A School. By H. H. Champion, M.A., and the Rev. 
J. A. C. Lane, M.A., Assistant Masters at Uppingham School. 
3s. Rivingtons. 

Not written for any particular examination, but contains essen- 
tials for all examinations. Presents concisely and logically formal 
proofs of the main propositions of elementary geometry. Exer- 
cises and examples numerous ; miscellaneous papers ; answers. 
(Continued on page 78.) 



Feb. 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



vv 



CLERGY MUTUAL ASSURANCE SOCIETY 

The ONLT Life Assurance Society specially for the CLEKG7 and their relatives which spends nothing 
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78 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Feb. 1, 1912. 



Mathematics for Supplementary and Continuation Classes. By Fred A. 
Watson, M.A., B.Sc. Lond., Head Master of Clydebank Higher 
Grade School. 2s. Oliver & Boyd. 

For two years' coui-se in elementary mathematics preparatory 
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classes. 
Mathematik, Geschichte der. II Teil, von Cartesius bis zur Wende dee 
18 Jahrhunderts. Von Prof Dr. Heinrich Wieleitner. I Halfte, 
Arithmetik, Algebra, Analysis. Geb. M. 6.50. Leipzig : Gijschen 
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Bearbeitet unter Benutzung des Nachlasses von Dr. Anton von 
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Mit 6 Figurcn. Der zweite Teilband des II Teiles, der Geometric 
und Trigonometrie umfa.«sen soil, befindet sich in Bearboitung. 
Trigonometry. Elementary. By F. T. Swanwick, M./V., Fielden Lec- 
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Opens with a chapter on Approximate Arithmetic. After Part I, 
departs somewhat from the usual course. Examples abundant ; 
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Trigonometry, Elementary. By W. E. Patterson, M.A., B.Sc, Mathe- 
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'■ The trigonometrical ratios are introduced as functions of the 
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Trigonometry, The Intermediate. By Andrew Rutledge, B.A., Prin- 
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Assistant and Science Master in Santry School, Dublin. 3s. 6d. net. 
Educational Company of Ireland, Dublin and Belfast. 

For Honours candidates in the Intei'mediate Examinations. 
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Trigonometry, Plane, A Treatise on. By E. W. Hobson, Sc.D., LL D., 
F.R.S., Sadleirian Professor of Pure Mathematics, and FeUow of 
Christ's College, Cambridge. 12s. Cambridge University Press. 

Third edition, revised ; new matter considerable. 
Trigonometry, Plane, Elements of. By Daniel A. Murray, Ph.D., Pro- 
fessor of Applied Mathematics in McGill University. Longmans. 

Condensed from the author's "Plane Trigonometry," with alter- 
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Physics. 
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Gray, LL.D., F.R.S., Professor of Natural Philosophy, and James 
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Hydromechanics, A Treatise on. Part I, Hydrostatics. By W. H. 
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Arnold. 

Suitable for London Matriculation, Oxford and Cambridge 
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aminations. Comprehensive set of examples to each chapter, often 
from recent papers. Experimental work placed at end of each 
chapter. 77 figures. A \ery cartful and lucid work. 
Light, Practical, A Treatise on. By Reginald S. Clay, B.A. Cantab., 
D.Si:. Loud., Prmcipal of the Northern Polytechnic Institute, 
Holloway, London. 10s. 6d. net. Macuiillan. 

Directed largeh^ to the practical applications. The compound 
lens and colour measurement treated more fuUy than usual. 40S 
figures. A very comprehensive and most capable treatise. 
Physical and Chemical Constants and some Mathematical Functions. 
By G. W. C. Kaye, B.A. Cantab., D.Sc. Lond., A.R.C.Sc. Lond., 
of the National Physical Laboratory, late Sub-Lector in Physics. 
Trinity College, Cambridge, and T. H. Laby. B.A. Cantab , Pro- 
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Collects the more reliable and recent determinations of some of 
the more important physical and chemical constants. Useful re- 
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Physics, First Year, A Practical Course in. By E. T. Bucknell, F.C.S., 
Joint Head Master, Kingsholme School, Weston-super-Mare, late 
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Feenoh Readings. 
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' jardins de I'histoire.' " 
Hachet.te's French Readers on the Direct Method. — (1) Episodes de 
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Harrap's Modern Language Series. — (I) Recits Historiques i5o av. J.-C- 
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Carefully revised up to date. Valuable. 
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" Presents in a simple manner those points which are likely to 
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with discrimination." Verv useful. 



Feb. ], 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



79 



MATHEMATICS. 

Readers desiring to confrilmte to the Mathematical columns 
are asked to observe the following directions very carefully : — 

(1) To write on one side only of the paper. 

(2) To avoid putting more than one piece of tcork on a single 

sheet of paper. 

(3) T(i sign each separate piece cf work. 



16670. (Hon. G. R. Dick, M.A.) — Every coaic passing through the 
in- and ex-centres of a triangle ABC is a rectaagular hyperbola which 
always touches four fixed straight lines. The centres of all these 
hyperbolas lie on the circum-circle and their foci on the curve 

X-'+Y-'-hZ-' = 0, 
where X = x(— a--cos A + j/?-l-i-.r co5B-i-.Ti/ cosC, Y=..., Z — ..., 
the co-ordinates being trilinear and the given triangle that of reference. 

Additional Solution by Professor Nansox. 
The degenerate conies of the system are pairs of jierpendicular lines. 
Hence all the conies are rectangular hyperbola. The centre locus is 
a conic bisecting the join of any two centres, and is therefore the 
circum-circle of ABC. The conies are clearly 2/X- = 0, where 2,1 = 0, 
and if a'J/z is a focus, then the tangents 2{ij7. — Yz)-/l = from xt/s 
must be identical with the isotropic lines through xye. Thus, if these 
isotropics are (ABCFGH) (XYZ)- = 0, we have 

yzjl : zxjm : xyjn = P : G : H, 

so that the locus of the foci is the sextio 2 l/Fj; = 0. In trilinears the 
relation between the co ordinates A, n, v of an isotropic line is 

2A.= = 2 2;i?cosA. 

Hence, replacing \ by yZ — Yz, we see that 

F = — X- cos k + yz + zx cos B -t- xy cos C. 

So in general the foci of the conic 2 to- = 0, where (p(l, m, n) = 0, lie 
on the curve rp(yz/F, 2,r/G, xy/K) = 0. Thus the foci of the range of 
conies touching the four lines ±p, ±g, ±r lie on the cubic 2p-Fx = 0. 
See Reprint, Vol. iv, p. 20, Old Series. 



17202. (Professor J. C. Swaminak.^yan, M.A.) — Two centres of 
force are situated at and 0' (00' = a) exerting forces of attraction 
equal mu. (distance)" and ma (distance)"' respectively, A particle rests 
in 00' in equilibrium under the action of the two forces. If the 
particle is slightly displaced from its position of equilibrium, show that 
it oscillates, the time of a complete oscillation being 

2T/v''[{(M'f)"-'"V« + (Mfl"'-':"'A'ra'j], 
where f satisfies the equation ("'^)' " + (m^)'"' = a. 

Solution by Frederick Phillips, F.C.P., B.Sc. (Lond.), F.C.S. 
OP 0' 



b 



a-b 



Let P be the position of equilibrium at distance b from O. Then, 
from the law of attraction, 

mu.b" = mti.'{a — by'' (i). 

Write 6 = ("'f )' ", then equation (i) easily becomes 

(Mf)"''-f(^'i)''" = a (ii). 

If mass be displaced towards 0' the resultant force is in the opposite 
direction ; let small displacement be x. 
Then resultant force is 

m {fi(6 + .r)"— m' [a — b-x]"'} 

= m [lib" a + xjby'-).^' {a-by'[l-x!(a-b)"'}. 
Expanding {1 + xjb)" and [l — x'/(a — 6)/"' and retaining only the first 
two terms in each, we have 



Resultant force = m ■. ijib" — ii.' {n — b)"' + — r — 



fi {a — b)"'n'x } 
a~b I 



= mx {nfi.b"-^ + n'li' («— t)""'} ; 
therefore Jlotion is harmonic, and 

2ir 



or, putting b = (u'f)' " 
T 



''jifjih''-^ -hk'/ (« — ft)"-'] 



y[n/< (;ii'f)<"-i)/"-i-nV' («)<"'-"'"] 



Tucker Triangles and Circles. 
By W. Gallatly, M.A. 

1. In reference to the article on " The Inscribed and Circumscribed 
Triangles of a given Triangle " (Vol. xx, p. 26, of the Reprint), it is 
here proposed to discuss the case in which the Brocard points n and n' 
are taken for the Pivot Points, the triangles DEF, D'E'P' being then 
called Tucker triangles. 

In this case, B = d = B, E = <3 = C, F=/=A, 
D'=d'=C, E'=e'=A, F'=/=B. 
Denote by Z the centre of the 
common pedal circle of n, n.', 
and by Z' the common circum- 
centreof DEF, D'E'P'. 

The line of centres ZZ', bi- 
secting nn' at right angles, 
falls on OK. 

We have = J)nd = ZnZ'. 

Let OnZ' = 6' ; 
then e + e' + M = W, 




Since 



axf = K = noz 



and fn.F = 9 = ZnZ' ; 
therefore ADP = 9' = OnZ' ; so that AnfP, OnZZ' are similar. 
And finally An/F, BndD, CncE, Aa'e'K', Cn'd'D', Bn'/'F' arc each 
similar to OnZZ'. 

Now the radius of the pedal circle of nn' = p,, = E sin u>. 
Since augle dnB =...= fl and rf'n'D' =...= e, it follows from the 
article referred to above that 

^i"" -R.nZ'/OQ 



p = /)„ sec 



= R- 



sin (w -I- e') 

llc.nZ'[On = cR = ^'(l- 



4 sin- <ii) R] . 



where f satisfies 



(Mf)'"'-h(a'f)""= a. 




Fig. 2. 

2. The quadrilateral BDnF being cyclic, BFD or P'PD = BflD = 6' ; 
therefore the arcs DP', FE', ED' subtend each an angle 6' at the cn-- 
cumference, and arc therefore equal. .r^,„ ^ .r. j 

Hence the chord E'D is parallel to AB, P'E to BC, D'F to AC, and 
a circle with centre Z' and radius =pcosfl' will touch the three 

equal chords. „..,„ ^^ at, i ti 

In the cyclic quadrilateral E'EDF, AE'F = EDF = B ; so that the 
equal chords are anti-parallel to the corresponding sides of ABO. 
Angle DE'D'= P'E'D'-P'E'D = A-S', 
P'E'E = P'E'D' + D'E'E = A + e'. 
Hence the chord EF' parallel to BC 

= 2p sin (A + 6') = 2R-.-^-,,, sin (A -h 6'). 
'^ ^ sm (ui -t- e ) 

The chord DD' cut from BC 



fl') = 2R-. 7'^^, sin(A-6 
' sin (w + e') 



= 2p sin (A- 

Also, if (a0y) be the normal coordinates of Z', 

a = pcosJDZD' = pcosDE'D' = R sinoi/sin (n + fl') . cos(A-e'). 

The following list of formulae will be found useful : 



(a) Radius of circle DD'EE'FP' = p = R.- 



Slllai 



= (l/<;).nZ'. 



'sin {ai + e') 

(6) Coordinates of Z' ; o = R sin lo/sin (oj-h e').cos (A-C). 
(c) Length of equal anti-parallel chords = 2R sin a/sin (a -t- 6'). sin 6'. 



80 



THE EDUCATION A 1, TIMES. 



[Feb. 1, 191; 



(d) Radius of circle toucliing these equal chords 

siu u> 



= p = R - 



- cos fl' . 



sin (to + e') 

{e) Chord DD' cut from BC = 2R sina./sin (w + 8 ).sin (A — 6'). 
(/) Chord EF' parallel to BC = 2R sin co/sin (a. + 9). sin (A + 9'). 
[Rest in Reprint.] 



Proposed Extension of an Old ifeihod of Factorization, so as to 
make it applicable to larger numbers. 
Bij I). BiDDLE, M.R.C.S. 
The Old Method may thus briefly be set forth : 

N = S- + A = xy= (S + m){S— y) = (6^±1)(69±1) = H'-Zi-, 
where H, /( are respectively the half-sum and the half-difference of the 
factors. H = S + fc = S + i(«-r), 7i =!(!( + !■), and we obtain the 

old formula h = (k'^^l^k-kf (a). 

Our present purpose is to extend this by taking 

m (x + ?/) = N + ?• = 2ireH = 2m (S + k). 
Let S + i = the half-sum of 1m and S + fe, and k — i = the half- 
difference. Then In = S-(k-2i}, 
where A:<f2i, and we have (S-l- J;) {S — (A; — 2»)} = N + r, 
whence we obtain the following formula, corresponding to (a), 

k-i = {i- + 2Si-A-rf ($). 

It must be remarked, however, that the value of i is integral only 
when H is even, that is to say, when N = — 1 (mod i). When H is 
odd [and N = + 1 (mod 4)], i is fractional, ending in J. But if this be 
borne in mind, there need be no diiSculty in utilizing the new formula 
for either case. When resolved, it at once gives k and H. Moreover, 
i is always small compared with k. 

All would be plain sailing if only )• could readily be found. In many 
cases it is small, but in others it is too large to be found by mere in- 
spection and trial of possible values of N + r. But, since by (8) we 
have 2m + (i^ -h 2Si- A - r)* = S + i, 

we find that im {(S + i) — /«} = N + r. 

Consequently, we have N + r = (mod 4) whenever 7?^ is even, or i in- 
tegral ; and in the latter case, that is to say, when N = — 1 (mod 4), 
we have N + r = (mod Am). 

Let us, however, marshal the equations, five in number (and there 
may well be more), which seem to point to the possible advent of a 
direct method of factorization : 

(i) N = xy, (ii) y = Ix + s, (iii) m (x + »/) = N + r, 
(iv) lr + vis = ny, (v) {l + l)m + s = y + n. 

They deal with seven unknown quantities, namely, x, y, ro, )■, I, s, n. 
The following are examples, in which the said values, with k and i 
also, are revealed : 

N S A .r !/ m r I s n k i 

1843 42 79 19 97 16 13 5 2 1 16 3 

11771 108 107 79 149 52 85 1 70 25 6 1 

150809 388 265 239 631 174 571 2 153 44 47 31 

N.B. — Where x is minute compared with y, or it is desired to find if 
N be prime, we can multiply m by 2'', dividing H by 2''"', so as to 
bring the resulting quantities as near S as possible. But, if so, great 
care miust be taken as to the fraction in H/2''~'. 



17211. (S. Nar.wanan, B.A., L.T.) — If a system of confocal conies 
be reciprocated with respect to an arbitrary point P, show that all the 
reciprocal conies have the same Apollonian hvperbola with respect 
to P. 

Solution by R. F. Davis, M.A. 

Let P be a point on an ellipse, 
the normal PG at which passes 
through a given point 0, and TPi 
the tangent at P. Take a point P 
so that CF, CO are equally inclined 
to CA (upon opposite sides of it), 
and CF.CO = CS=. 

Then, since 

CO.CF = CS= = CG.CT, 

GP : CT = CG : CO, 

the triangle CFT is similar to CGO, 

and the angle CFT = the angle CGO. But CGO is the supplement of 
C<T, since CGPt is cyclic ; therefore CFT = supplement of CtT and 
the circum-circle of CTi always passes through F. 

Hence the tangent at P also touches a parabola whose focus is F, 
directrix CO, to which CA, CB arc tangents. This parabola is the 
same for all confocals. (See Dr. C. Taylor's Geometry of Conies, 1881, 




No. 990; also Reprint, Vol. XLV, Appendix III, Section 16, by the 
writer.) 

The present theorem follows by reciprocation from 0, remembering 
that, if OU.OU' = k- and UL, II'L' are at right angles to OUU', 
then UL corresponds to U' and UL' to U. Therefore, if the normal at 
U passes through 0, so also does the normal at U'. 



17204. (Lt.-Col. Allan Cunningham, R.E.) — Can any integers N 
be expressed at once in all the four forms following ? — 

N = f,<-2wi- = tfi-lu.^ = 2«3-'-/:,- = iti^-ti''. 
If so, give examples ; and state, if possible, the conditions necessary. 

Partial Solution by the Proposer. 

Let Ni = <i-'-2(f,2, Nj = ti^-iu^, N3 = 2;(,,J-t,-, N^ = 2u,^-t^\ 
It is obvious that a first necessary condition is that N must be of the 

form N = e- — 2/- = 2f'- — e'-; and must therefore be of one of the 

linear forms N = 16)^±l, 16ii±9. 

Now, it has been proved in the author's solutions of Questions 16617, 

16644 (which lead up to the present Question) that 

N = 1671 -I- 9 T^ N4 and N = 16)i-9 ^^^ N,. 

This limits the present case to the two forms N = 16ii±l. 
Also, of the form N = 16)t -1- 1, it was there shown that 

N = a^ -I- (4w)= ^t N, and N = c- -h 2 (2<«)= 7^ N3, 

where ti denotes an odd number ; these two forms are therefore to be 
excluded from N = 16)H-1. 

This shows the present state of the Question, as far as proof has yet 
been found (so far as known to the writer). What follows is empirical. 
After much trial, of all primes J" 2,000, and of all composites j> 1,000, 
of the forms not excluded by the above, the only cases found of N in 
all four forms were — 

N = 287 = 5'-2.132 = 17--2.1< = 2.4'-132 = 2.122-1". 
N = oil = 9^-2.552 = 319=-2.15" = 2.42-12 = 2.162-1". 
N = 623 = 5"-2.12 =252-2.1' = 2. 8'-872 = 2.14322-45". 

No general rule is at present known ; but it is noticeable that these 
numbers are all composites of form 

N = 16)1-1 = {16n'-9)(16n" + 9), 
and are each the product of two factors of opposite kinds and of the 
excluded forms. 



K)iofs and Tictsts. 
By A. W. H. Thompsom. 

1. Consider a string with ends A, B. In 
what follows we suppose the string in one 
or two dimensions. 

The sense of the string is positive when 
traced from A to B. 

A crossing in the string is formed when the 
string crosses itself thus : 

The crossing is positive if, tracing the 
string along its positive sense, it first crosses 
above as in figure. 

The crossing is negative if otherwise. 

An interlace is the combination of 
a positive and a negative crossing, 
thus ; 

The interlace takes the sign of the 
first crossing. Thus the sign of the 
interlace in the figure is positive. 

An interlace of the nih order is n interlaces of the same sign. 

A loop in the string is the circuit formed 
by a single crossing, thus ; 

In considering the sign of a loop, we must « + Q 

make the loop come on one specified side of 
the string. We suppose loops to occur above 
the string. The loop then takes the sign of the crossing. 

Definition of a common knot. — The result of two positive loops being 
interlaced positively, with no more ^_^_^- 

crossings in the string, is a common (0 ) 

knot. The sign of the knot is posi- ^ 

tive. Thus: A + + B 

A common knot of nth order is the result of n + 1 position loops, 
a;,, Xn, ..., ar„.i being interlaced: Xi with x.,, x.^ with x^, ... x,, with 




Q 



Feb. 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL T1ME8. 



8i 



Thus 





2. Next, consider string with width. Take a strip of paper with 
parallel edges A,B,, A-Bo. 

^ 8, 



We have the same definitions for a strip as we have for a string. 
For a strip we have a further property of a twist. 

A twist is formed by making 
a crease in the paper ; for con- 
venience, we shall suppose the 
line of the crease to make 45° 
with the edges, thus : 

The strip is said to have a 
twist. 

It will be noticed that the 
effect of the crease is to make 
the outer edge A[C (see figure) 

become the inner edge DBo, and the inner edge A;E become the outer 
edgeEB,. 

A ring of a strip is formed by joining corresponding corners 
together. Thus, when there are no twists in the strip, the ring is 
formed by joining the ends A,B,, A^B^ together : A; on the other side 
of B,, and A., on the other side of Bo. When there is a twist in the 
strip we join A, to the other side of Bo, and Aj to the other side of 
B] ; and so on when there are any number of twists. The ring is then 
said to have the same nun:iber of twists. 

Kote. — The creases must all be formed in the same rotation. Two 
twists of opposite rotations neutralize each other. 




17083. (Professor Nanson.) — Eliminate a-, x' from 
ax- + 2hx + b = C), a'x'^ + 2h'x' + b' = Q, a"xx' + h" {x + x') + b" = 0. 
Remarks by the Proposer. 
Denoting ax- + 2hx + 6 by u, and so on, the eliminant Ax- + 2H.r + B 
in the second solution is obviously 

&u" — A"u' (1), 

where A" is the discriminant of !t" and is the harmonic invariant of 
«', m". 

Now the discriminant of (1) is clearly 

0-A" — 0A"0 + A"=A', 

that is, a'A"- and the harmonic invariant of u and (1) is 00' — A"0". 

Hence, using the Booliau form of the eliminant of two quadratics, the 

eliminant of u and (1), that is the required eliminant, is 

4AA' A"'-— (00' - a"0")=. 

The nine-line determinant in the first solution vanishes identically. 



QUESTIONS 

17238 (A. L. Atkin, U.A.) ■ 
Electricity, § 280) 



FOR SOLUTION. 

— The dfteiniinant 



(see Jlaxwell, 



K,,„., 




K,,.-, 




K„_i,, 


-1 



K„-i.i, K„-i, ■_>, 

and its co-factors of the type Dj,,, the co-factor of K,,,, arise in con- 
nexion with the theory of a system of Jn (n — 1) linear conductors. In 
this determinant 

K,,, = — (K,,i-i-K,,2+ ... + K,.,,.-i + K,.,,.»i-H ...-hK,-,„). 

In the Appendix to Chaper vi of Maxwell, D and D,,, are said to be 
obtainable by the following rules :— D is (numerically) the sum of the 
products of the conductivities taken (n-1) at a time, omitting all those 
terms which contain the products of the conductivities of the branches 
which form closed circuits. D,,, is (numerically) the sum of the pro- 
ducts of the conductivities taken (n-'2) at a time, omitting all those 
terms which contain the conductivities of the branches A,,A„ or A,A,„ 
or which contain products of conductivities of branches which form 
closed circuits either by themselves or with the aid of A,,A„ or A,,A„. 

[In the theory. A,, A.,, ..., A„ are the n jjoints connected by the 
iM(n — 1) conductors, and K^,,, is the conductivity of the conductor 
A,A,. -Q,,.D„/D is the potential of A,, when A„ is maintained at 
zero potential and where a current Q,, flows into A,.] 

Can any reader prove these rules ? 



Note. — The determinant D is shown in Jean's Electricity, and may 
easily be proved, to be equal to the co-factor of any principal diagonal 
term of the determinant 

1 Kii, K;^, ..., Kii, . 
K;o, ..., K„. 



I K 



'2b 

I K„i, K„i, ..., K„„ 

17239. (il. SATYANAR.4.YAK.i, M. A.)— Find the value of the deter- 
minant 

cos (1 + J/-I-2— «), Sin (x ■{- y + z — u) , 

cos,(y + Z + U — X), sin (2/-H2-I- !t — a'), 

cos (Z-I-M + x— 1/), sin (j + u + .r — (/), 

sin(M — x) sin(tt-iy)sin(u— ;) + cosM sm (iu—x — y — z) . 
sin (x-u) sin (x — j/) sin (a; — «) -f cos a; sin {ix—y — z—u) 
sin (i/ — a;)sin [y — z) sin (j/ — u) -fcos ;/ sin (1y—x—z~u) 

17240. (R. P. Davis, M.A.)— If n is a prime number greater than3, 
prove that («-l)! {|--^ |-f J-f ... + l/(re-l)} is divisible by «=. 

17241. (A. A. Krishnaswami Aiyangar, B. A.)— Divide 29,524 into 
ten such parts that by suitable addition or subtraction of some or all of 
the parts, all the numbers from 1 to 29,521 may be formed. 

17242. (B. A. SwiNDEN.) — Will somebody give a convincing proof 
that the equation ix'—y^ = 3x-i/j- is insoluble in positive integers ? 

17243. (" SoLiDns.") — Write down the equation whose roots are 
a//3, Sja, a/y, yja, ajS, 5/a, BIy, y/B, (8/5, 5/0, yjS, Sjy, where a, B, y, 5 
are the roots of x' +px^ + g.r' + rx + s = 0. 

17244. (Professor E. J. Nasson.) — If s,. is the sum of the )--th powers 
of n positive quantities, and p,- is the sum of their products r together, 
then (« — 1) s,. + ni)„ > SiS„ _ i , 

unless (1) the quantities are all equal or (2) n = 2. 

17245. (Professor Neueerg.) — Etant donne un tetraedre ABCD 
dont les hauteurs AA', BB', CC', DD' se coupent en un meme point, 
demontrer que la somme des puissances d'un meme point P par rapport 
aux deux spheres decrites sur deux aretes opposees comme diametres 
est la meme pour les trois couples d'aretes opposees. 

17246. (A. W. H. Thompson.)— Prove the following theorems: — 
(1) A ring, which has 2n + 1 twists, is cut along the middle. The result 
is one ring, with a knot of the n-th order and 2)i -f 4 twists. (2) A 
ring which has 2)i twists is cut along the middle. The result is two 
rings with 2« twists each, connected by an interlace* of the w-th order. 

17247. {Communicated by C. M. Ross, B.A.) — (1) The equations of 
a cubic curve are x/Ti = yjT^ = z/Ti, 

where T„ = p,£3 + ^^fi + ,.^( + j (^ = 1, 2, 3) ; 

prove that the equation giving the values of the parameter at the 

double point is t- —t 1 

Q R 

R S 
where P, Q, R, S are the determinants contained in the matrix 
Pi 2i 'i Si 
P-i 1-2 '': S2 

P3 93 ''3 ss 

17248. (C. E. YouNGMAN, M.A.) — A hyperbola has one focus at the 
centre of a given circle and the other on the circumference ; and one 
asymptote bisects a given radius of the circle. Prove that the hyper- 
bola envelopes a cardioide, and the chord of contact a cissoid. 

17249. (W. P. Beard, M.A. Suggested by Question 17176.)— CP, 
CD are conjugate semi-diameters of an ellipse ; the chords of curvature 
at P, D meet at O. Prove that (i) lies on the circle CPD, (ii) the locus 
of is a sextic through the meets of the tangents at the ends of 
the axes, and touching the axes at C. 

17250. (N. Sakkara Aiyae, B.A.)— If one conic has double contact 
with another, then every confocal of one has double contact with some 
one confocal of the other, and the four common tangents to any con- 
focal of the first and any confocal of the second all envelope a circle. 

17251. (M. T. Naraniengar, M.A.)— PSQ is a focal chord of a 
parabola. If circles be described through the focus to touch the para- 
bola at P and Q respectively, find the locus of their second point of 
intersection. 

17252. (A. M. Nesbitt, M.A.)— TP, TQ are tangents to a parabola, 
focus S ; and the diameters through P and Q meet the directrix m 
M, N. If MN- = 3TS-, find the magnitude of the angle PTQ. Also 
find the locus of T. 



* We have defined an interlace for a single string (see page 80'. 
It is easy to apply the definition to two strings. 



82 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Feb. 1, 1912. 



17253. (C. E. McVicKEB, M.A.)— A circle touches the sides of a 
triangle ABC at L, JI, N, and the nine-point circle at F. Prove that 
the images of P in the sides of LMN have the same centroid as L, M, 
N, and arc collinear with the centres of both circles ABC, LMN. 

17254. (Professor San.tana, M.A.) — ABC is a triangle right-angled 
at C : a straight line IK is drawn parallel to the bi.sector of the angle 
A to meet BC in K, and X is taken in BC so that BK ; BX = BX : BC. 
If XI parallel to AC meet IK in I and N be the mid-point of AB, prove 
that NI = BN~ IX. Examine the result for varying positions of IK. 

17255. (Professor J. C. Swaminarayan, M.A.) — is the circum- 
centre of aABC ; P, Q, R divide AO, BO, CO in the same ratio I : in. 
PX, QY, and RZ are drawn, perpendicular to AO.BO, CO, cutting BC, 
CA and AB in X, Y, Z respectively. Prove that X, Y, Z are collinear. 



OLD QUESTIONS AS YET UNSOLVED (IN OUR COLUMNS). 
11415. (Professor Levy.) — Construire un triangle dont les cot^s 
contiennent les sommets d'un quadrilatere donne et qui soit partage 
par les diagonales en quatre parties equivalentes. II y a une condition 
de possibilite : la formuler. 

12265. (Professor Steggall.) — Light is incident on a vertical film 
whose thickness increases uniformly downwards, but is constant along 
horizontal lines ; a portion is reflected through a vertical slit close to 
the film, and is projected by a prism and lens into a spectrum. Show 
that the black bands have for their equation ?/-.(• = n-d-^^ where n is 
any positive integer. 

12681. (R. F. D.AVIS, M.A.) -On January 1st, 1895, a person for- 
wards by post to his banker in London the following twelve cheques rn 
bloc, forming a total of £199. Os. &d. : — 

£. s. d. £. s. d. £. s. d. 

15 2 11 19 7 10 12 9 5 

22 6 7 10 19 8 11 4 

43 15 2 5 18 1 17 16 9 

7 10 6 14 14 3 20 8 8 

On a subsequent reference to his pass-book he finds he has been credited 

with 1895, Jan. 2, Cash £78. Is. 2rf. 

„ „ 4, Country cheques... £120. 19s. id. 

Ascertain which of the above were country cheques. 

12722. (H. J. WooDALi, A.R.C.S.) — Required continued fractions 
equivalent to the integrals of the expressions 

siunr/(m" + W-), cosai,'.t)/(»i--l- y'-), e "■'/()«''■(■ i--). e-''"zi/(Hj--l- !'-). 

12735. (I. Arnold.) — Find a point at a given distance from the 
vertex of a given triangle, so that the sum of the three perpendiculars 
from the point on the sides shall be equal to a given line. What are 
the limits ? 

12839. (P. S. Macaulay, M.A.)-Prove that 

"2' 27(2n <-])- = 1, "2" Tjn- = 5, 

where the index a in the numerator of each term is equal to the number 
of different prime factors (unity included) of the denominator. 



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BRITTANY AND THE BRETONS. 

Written and pictured by George Wharton Edwards. IBs. net. 
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Complete Illustrated Catalogue on application. 



HERBERT & DANIEL, 21 IVlADDOX STREET, LONDON, W. 



London : Vrinted by 0. 



F. Houfiso.x i Sos, 2 Newton Street, KinRsway, W.C. ; and Publislied by Fkancis Hougsos, 89 FarrniKdon Street, E.C. 
[Entered at the New York Post Olfice as Second Class matter.] 



Feb. 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



85 



MACMILLAN'S BOOKS SUITABLE FOR THE 
COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS' EXAMINATIONS, 1912. 



ENGLiSH LANGUAGE, HISTORY, & GEOGRAPHY. 

S. if. 

1 9 



Shakespeare 

Deighton. 

Henry V. 

Henry V. 

Henry V. 

Macbeth. 

ith :in Appei 

Macbeth. 
Macbeth. 



Henry V. With Introduction and Notes. By K. 
M'ith an Appendix ... [First and Second Classes^ 

Edited by R. H. Bowles. 

[First and Second Classes^^ net 
Edited by Lewis E. Mott. 

[jt'irsf and Second Classes^^ net 

Evei-sley Edition. AVitli Xotes. 

[Fii'sf and Second Classes] 

AVith Introduction and Notes. By K. Deighton. 

\Vith :in Appendix [First and Second Chsses] 

Edited by C. W. FRENCii. 

[First and Second Classes j net 
Edited by A. C. L. Brown. 

[First and Secmid Classes] net 

Macbeth. Eversley Edition. "With Notes. 

[First and Second Classes'] 

Spenser— The Faerie Qaeene. Book I. With Introduction and 
Notes. By H. ^1. Percival, M.A [First Class] 

Faerie Queene. Book I. Edited by Prof. G. A. WircnoPE. 

[First Class] net 
Scott— The Xiady of the Lake. With Introduction and Notes. By 
G. H. Stuart, ;M.A. [ Second mid Third Classes and Lower Forms . 
Sewed. 2s.: Canto I, 9d. 

The Iiady of the I.ake. Edited by E. A. Packard. 

[Sernufl and Third Classes and Lower Forms iit'I 

The I.ay of the Last Mlostrel and The I.a'^yof the Lake. 

EdittMl t.y F. T. Palgrave. 

[Second and Third Classes and Loirer Forms] 

Arnold— Selected Poems (contjiiniiifr " Sohrab and Rustnm "). 
(iolden Treasury Series [Third I'ear] net 

liOrarfellow — The Song* of Hia'watha. With Introduction and 
Xi'te^. By H. K. Cotterii.l, M.A. [Lower Forms] 

Tlie Song of Hiawatha. Edited by E. J. Fleming. 

[Lower F'trms] net 

Gwynn's Masters of English Literature 

Saintsbnry's Short History of English Literature 

A "Pook of English Prose, 1470-1900. Selected by J. H. 
Fowler. M.A. 

Nesfield's Outline of English Grammar 

KEY, 2s. 6d. net. [Adapted to the Second and Third Classes] 

Oral Exercises in English Composition. [Third Class] 

Junior Conrse of English Composition 

[Adapted to the Second and Third Classes] 

Senior Conrse of English Composition 

KEY, Is. net. [Adapted to the First Class] 

Manual of English Grammar and Composition 



KEY, 2s. 6d.net. 



[Adapted fi> the First Class] 



Aids to the Stady and Composition of English 

KEY. 4s. 6d. net. 

Brooksbauk's Essay and Letter Writing 

Beak's Indexing and Precis Writing 

KKY. Is. bd. net. 

Buckley's History of England for Beginners 

Green's Short History of the English People 

Green and Tait's Analysis of English History 

Thompson's History ot England 

Tout's Short Analysis of English History 

Davies's Geography of the British Isles, witli numerous Pniclical 

Part I. Enfrland and Wales. 2s.':' Part'll, Scotland 



Exercise 

Also HI two parts : 

and Ireland, Is. 




















9 

















3 





1 





2 


6 



1 



3 



Wallis's Practical Ezeiclses in Geography. A Two Years' 

Coui-se 2 

KEY, 3s. 6d.net. 

Wallis's Geography of the World 5 

The International Geography. Edited b.v H. R. Mill . net 12 

Or, Vrfliininary Section, Principles of Geography, Is. 6d. ; Section I, 
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asia, Is. 6d. ; V, North America. 2s.: VI. Sonth Anieiica, Is. 6d. ; 
VII, Afiic:i. 2s. 

Mill's Class Book of General Geography 3 

Geikie's Geoerraphy of the British Isles. ITIiircl Class] 1 

Tarr and McMurry's North America 3 

Simfc's Geography of Europe ISecond Class} 2 

Carey's First Book of Physical Geography 1 

Huxley and Gregory's Physiography 4 

Simmons's Physiography for Beginners 2 



ARITHMETIC AND ALGEBRA. 

A SCHOOt. ARITHMETIC. B.v H. S. Hall. M.A.. and F. H. 

Stevens. M.A, Complete, with .\nswers, 4s, 6d. : without Answers. 

3s. 6d. Or in Two Paris— Part I, with Answers. 2s. 6d. : without 

Answers, 2s. KEY,4s. 6d. Part II, with Answers, 2s. 6d. ; without 

Answers, 2s. KEY, 6s. Answers, Complete, Is. 
This work follows closely the recommendfttions of the Mathemalical 
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Palmer's Arithmetic — chiefly Examples With or without 

.\nswers ,. ... . ... ... . ... ■■■ 3 6 

Sidney Jones's Modern Arithmetic, ivith Graphic and 

Practical Exercises. Parts I and II, With or without Answers, 

2s. 6ii. each. Complete, with or without .Vuswers 4 6 

Iioney and Grenville's Shilling Arithmetic. Is. With Answeis 1 6 
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Hall and Knight's Elementary Algebra for Schools. Coa- 

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Gibson's Elementary Treatise on Graphs 3 6 

Barnard and Child's New Algebra for Schools. Parts I, II, 

and III, with or without Answers, 2s. 6d. KEY' to Parts I-III, 

6s. 6d. Parts I-IV, 4s. : Part IV, Is. 9d, K EY shnrthj. 

FRENCH. 

Siepmann and Pellissier's Public School French Primer 3 6 
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Vocabularies ^ 6 

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Thornton's First lessons in Book-keeping. 2s. 6d. KEY, 10s. 6d, 
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Xo, 1, for Lessons I-I.Y, 9d. No. 2, for Test E.xercises, 9d. No. 3. for 

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Ireson's Text-Book of Book-keeping 3 6 

Macmillan's Book-keeping Exercise Books. Set A, containing 

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Adgie's Modern Book-keeping and Accounts. 5s. : or. Part I, 

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KEYS, 2s. 6d. net each. 
Macmillan's Facsimile Worked Exercises from Modern 

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SCIENCE. 

Gregory and Hadley's Class Book of Physics 4 6 

Also Parts I and II. Fundamental Measurements; Hydrostatics and 
Jleclianics, Is. 6d. Parts 1, 11, and III, Fundamental Measure- 
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liownds's First Book of Physics 1 6 

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Complete, 3s. 6(i, Or in Two Y'ols each 2 

Simmons and Ii. M. Jones's Elementary General Science . 3 6 

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Edser's Heat for Advanced Students 4 6 

light for Students 6 

Hadley's Magnetism and Electricity for Beginners 2 6 

Magnetism and Electricity for Students 6 

Thompson's Elementary lessons in Electricity and Mag- 
netism ... .46 

L. M. Jones's Introductory Chemistry for Intermediate 

Schools 2 

Donington's Class Book of Chemistry 3 6 

Also Part I. Is. 6d. Parts I! iiiid III, 2s. 6d. 

Practical Exercises in Chemistry 2 6 

Parrish's Chemistry for Schools of Science 2 6 

Roscoe and lunt's Inorganic Chemistry for Beginners 2 6 



MACMILLAN & CO,, Ltd.. ST. MARTINS STREET, LONDON, W.C, 



86 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Feb. 1, 1912. 



Cambridge University Press 



A Shorter Geometry. Byc. Godfrey, m.v.o.,m. a., 

and A. W. SiDDONS, M.A. Crown 8vo. 2s 6d Or in four parts : — 
Part I, Is ; Farts II, III, IV, lOd each 

Thf first 74 im«es of tliis bonk, namely, staKes 1 and 2, are identical with 
the Getiinetrif for Begiiiners by the same authors. 

The plan of the book is as follows : 

First Stage. Introductory practical work concerned with the funda- 
mental concepts, and not primarily designed to give facility in using 
instruments. 

Second Stage. Discovery of the fundamental facts of geometry, by 
experiment and intuition; including the facts relating to angles at a 
point, parallels, angles of a triangle and polygon, congruent triangles. 

Third Stage. Deductive development of the propositions subsequent 
to those dealt with by experiment and intuition in the second stage. 

The division of the geometry course into these three stages is in accord- 
ance with the recommendations of the Hoard of Education (the Teaching 
of Geometry !ind (;raiihic .Vlgebra, Circular 711, Marcli 1909). 

Theory of Groups of Finite Order. Byw. 

BuRNSiDE, M.A., P.R.S., LL.D. With a plate. Second edition. 

Demy 8vo. 15s net 

Very considerable advances in the theory of groups of finite order have 
been made since the appearance of the lirst edition of this book, and there 
is riccordmgly in the present edition a large amount of new- matter. Five 
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cliidii g their invariants, and certain properties of abstract groups, to 
which 110 reference was made in the lirst edition, are also dealt with. 

A Treatise on Plane Trigonometry. Third 

Edition. By E. W. Hobson, Sc.l)., LL.D., P.R.S. DemySvo. 12s 
The author has taken the opportunity afforded by the need for a new 
edition to subject the whole work to a careful revision and to introduce a 
consideratile aiin»iiiit of new matter. He has inserted in the first chapter a 
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based' upon aritliiiietic deliiiitions of their measures, and mucli of that 
part of the work which deals witli Analytical Trigonometry has been 
rewritten. 



English Composition: with chapters on Precis 
Writing, Prosody, and Style. By W. Murison, M..\. 
Crown 8vo. 4s 6d Or in two parts, 2s 6d each : — 

Part I. — Uses of Words, Figures of Speech, Sentence and Para- 
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Part II. — Essay, Paraphrase, Prteis, Style, Prosody, Kinds of 
Literature. 

Nineteenth Century Essays. Edited, with intro- 
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Contents:— Carlyie. On 7/i.«/ori/— Macaulay, Ran/ce's History of the 
Popes— Hagehot. shokf^jieare : the i)/a?i— Newman, i'^erafKre— Buskin, 
Sir .Toshua awl Ifn/tjf in— \rno\A. Marcus Aurelius — Stevenson, A Pciinn 
Plain and Tirnjienct ('"loured. 

The Cambridge County Geographies, a 

Series of County Geographies suitable for general use as handbooks 
to the various counties, and also intended for use in Schools. 
Crown 8vo. Is 6d per volume 

Tlie latest additions to this series are :— 
Bucking^hamshire. By A. Morlet Da vies, D.Sc, F G S 
Midlothian. Hy Alex McCallum, M.A., LL.B. 
Northamptonshire. Bv iM. W. Brown, M.A. 
East London. By G. F. Bosworth, F.R.G.S. 
West London. By G. F. Bosworth (nearly ready). 
F.ach vuluine gives an account of the history, antiquities, architecture, 
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Solutions of the Exercises in Godfrey 
and Siddons's Solid Geometry. Byc. l. 

Beaven, M.A. Grown 8vo. 5s net 



Books suitable for the COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS' EXAMINATIONS, Midsummer and Christmas, 1912 



ENGLISH 

Shakespeare : King Henry V. Edited, with introduction, 

notes, glossary, appendix, extracts from Holinshed, Hints on 
Metre, Hints on Shakespeare's English, by A. W. Verity, M.A. 
Ninth edition. Is 6d 

" The school edition of the play." — Guardian 

'* Likely to prove a standard edition for school purposes." 

— School World 

Shakespeare : Macbeth. Edited, with introduction, notes, 
glossary, appendix. Hints on Metre, by A. W. Verity, M.A. 
Sixth edition. Is 6d Student's edition, 2s 6d 

" A good working copy of ' Miu^beth,' edited by Mr. A. W, A'erity, on 
the lines thai have made his former editions of "plays in this series so 
highly valued by teacliers." — Scotsman 

Shakespeare : Macbeth. Edited, with introduction, notes, 
and glossary, by J. H. Lobban, M.A. Is 

Scott: The Lady of the Lake. Edited, with introduction, 
notes, glossary, and three maps, by J. H. B. Masterman, M.A. 
2s 6d 

ENGLISH HISTORY 

Great Britain and Ireland. A History for Lower 

Forms. l^y J. E. Morris, D.Litt., Bedford Grammar 
School. With 100 illustrations and plans. In one volume, or 
in two parts (the division being at the year 1603). Crown 8vo. 
3s Parts, Is 8d each 

" Dr. Alorris de>erves warm congratulations . . . [hisj book will serve 
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considering what a lot it contains, and always goes stiuight to the 
point. . . . Dr. Morris has written a good piece ol school literature and 
his camera has made it a work of art as well." 

— The Joui'nal of Education 

A History of England for Use in Schools. By Arthur D. 
Innes, M..4. With 13 maps and 8 plans. Or, in three Parts ; — 
Part I, to 1509 A.D. ; Part II, 1509-1714 A.D. ; Part III, 
1689-1901 A.D. A separate Part is also issued containing the 
period " Prom the Wars of the Roses to the Death of Elizabeth." 
Crown 8vo. 4s 6d Parts, 2s each 

"Mr. Innes writes with great spirit and vividness, as well as with 
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Colonial; half !i-d<'/eii careful genealogical tables ; a glossary of techni- 
cal terms, political pbi-ases, &c. ; a chronological summary, and an 
index." — Educational Times 



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by 



LATIN 

Caesar: Gallic War, Books III and IV. 

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GREEK 

Euripides : Hecuba. Edited, with introduction and notes, by 
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Xenophon : Anabasis, Book III. Edited, with intro- 
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Xenophon: Anabasis, Book III. Edited, with intro- 
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The First Book of Samuel. Edited by A. P. Kirkpatrick, 

D.I). 2s net Smaller edition, Is net 
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Press, Fetter Lane, hondon, with a statement as to t)ie number of copies likely to be required if Die books are adopted for class use. 



Feb. ], ID] 2.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



87 



CLASS LISTS 

OF CANDIDATES WHO HAVE PASSED THE CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION OF 
THE COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS.— CHRISTMAS, 1911. 

The list of successful candidates at the Colonial Centres will be published in the March 

number of "The Educational Times." 



\_Thioiiiihont the following Lists, bracketing of names implies equality. 



PRIZES. 



FIRST CLASS [or SENIOft]. 

General Proficiency. 
/Dixon, C. H. ^Vellin^ton College, Shropshire. 

1. - DomviUe, S. T. Oakes Institute, Walton, Liverpool. 

t ilsbister and Pi7lches Prizes.) 

3. Seymour-Jones, F. L. Wellington College, Shropshire. 

4. Nokes, Jliss C. M. Ciouoli End High School, Hornsey, 



Hollingworlh, H. 5IcL. 
Doubleday, ^liss M. 



English Subjects. 
Tollington School, "JIuswell Hill 
Grasmere, Appledore, Asliford. 



X. 



M 



Mathematics. 
Oakes Institute, Walton, Liverpool. 
Wellington College, Shropshire. 

Modern Foreign Languages. 

St. Mary's College, Harlow. 
St. Mary's College, Harlow. 

Classics. 

[Not awarded.] 

Natural Sciences. 

DomviUe, S. T. Oakes Institute, Walton, Liverpool. 

Hollingworth, R. E. Tollingtoa School, Muswell Hill, N. 



DomviUe, S. T. 
Dixon, C. H. 



Hill, L. G. 
Coleman, G. H. 



FIRST CLASS lor SENIOR']-c<mti,iiied. 

*Taylor-Jones Prize for Scripture History. 
Biggs, Miss C. M. Crouch End High School, Hornsey. 



SECOND CLASS [or JUNIOR]. 

General Proficiency. 

^Inunt Rjidford School, Exeter. 
Crouch End High School, Hornsey. 
Scarborough Grammar School. 
Newquay College. 



1. Darrah, H. 

2. Biggs, Miss I. L. 

3. Witting. S, N. 

4. Kernick, O. 



Soames Prize for Scripture History. 



Browning, Miss E. 



1. Dell, Miss D. H. 

2. Anderson, G. F. 

3. JeSery, A. L. P. 

4. Wattson, C. B. 



Claremont Girls' School, Bath. 
THIRD CLASS. 

General Proficiency. 

Crouch End Higli School, Hornsey. 
The High School for Boys, Croydon. 
St. John's College, Green Lanes, N. 
St. John's College, Green Lanes, N. 



* Miss C. M. Nokes was disqualilied f<»r the Taylor-Jones Prize for Scripture 
History, in consequence of having obtained it at a previous Examination. 



The following is a List of the Candidates who obtained the FIRST and SECOND PLACES in each Subject on 
FIRST CLASS PAPERS. (Only those who obtained Distinction are included.) 



Scripture History 
( Biggs, Miss C. M. 

1 



Nokes, Miss C. M. 



Crouch Eud Hi^h School, 

Hornsey. 
Crouch End High School, 

Hornsey. 



English Language. 
I, Nokes, Miss C. M. CroMch End High School, 



fHersev. G. B. 
2, { Wanless. R. P. 
l^Willoughby, A. J. 



Hornsey. 
Sutton Park School, Sutton. 
Newcastle Modern School. 
Private tuition. 



English Histonj. 

{Mitchell, G. A. Oakes Institute, "Walton, 

Liverpool. 
Pole, Miss J. T. Collegiate Schools,M*inchmore 

Hill. 



Geography. 

Winbush,Mi8sD.E. Private tuition. 
Dodsworth.Miss V,A. Private tuition. 

Arithmetic. 

Uomville, S. T. Oakes Institute, Walton, 

Liverpool. 
Hollingworth, R. E. ToHington School, Muswell 

Hill, N. 



Dixon, C. H. 
Domville, S. T, 



Algebra. 

Wellington College, Shropshire 
Oake^ Institute, Walton, 
Liverpool. 

Trigonometry. 

Oaki?s Institute, Walton, 

Liverpool. 
Wellington College, Shropshire 
k. Seymour-Jones, F.L. Well jngtonCol lege, Shropshire 



1. Domville, S. T. 



o / Dix 

^1 Sevi 



Dixon. C. H. 



^•{ 



Domville. S. T. 

Hargreaves, C. 

Jennison, N. L. 
Seymour- Jones, F.L, 
Waylett, J. R. 

LWhipp, P. S. 

Damsell, G. F. 
Domville, S. T. 



Geometry. 

Oakes Institute, Walton, 

Liverpool. 
Oakes Institute, Walton, 

Liverpool. 
WellingtonCoUege.Shropshire 
WellingtonCollege. Shropshire 
The High School for Boys, 

Croydon. 
Shoreham Grammar School. 



Mechanics. 

Oakes Institute, 

Liverpool. 
Oakes Institute, 

LiverpooL 



Walton, 
Walton, 



Book-keeping, 



Christopher, F. S. 
Whipp. P. S. 



Private tuition. 

Shoreham Gi'ammar School. 



Mensuration. 



Domville, S. T. 
r Damsell, G. F. 
\whipp. P. s. 

Hubert, Miss F. L. 
Pepin, C. Le B. 



Walton, 
Walton, 



Oakes Institute, 

Liverpool. 
Oakes Institute, 

Liverpool. 
Shoreham Grammar School. 

French . 

St. James' Ladies' School, 
Jersey. 

Oxenford House, St. Law- 
rence, Jersey. 



Coleman, G. H. 
Brauer, Miss E. A. 
iamant. Miss N. 



|B 



German. 

8t. Mary's College, Harlow. 
Private tuition 

English H igh School for Girls, 
Constantinople. 



1. Gritfiths, MissM. 

2. Davies, Miss G. 



Wehh. 

Advanced Elementary Girls' 

School, Merthyr Tydfil. 
Private tuition. 



Light and Heat. 

1. Nokes. Miss C. M. Crouch End High School, 

Hornsey. 

2. Dixon, C. H. WellingtonCoUege.Shropshire 



Magnetism and Electricity. 



( Dixon. C. H. 
1.- Doraville,S.T. 



WellingtonCoUege.Shropshire 
Oakes Institute, Walton. 
Livei-pool. 



Chemistry. 

1. Ivens, F. W. WeningtonCnllege,Shropshire 

2. Seymour- Jones, F. L. WellingtonCollege,Shropshire 

Natural History. 

1. Macqueen, J. M. ToHington School, Muswell 

Hill, N. 

2. Hollingworth, R. E. ToHington School, Muswell 

Hill, N. 



Drawing. 



Biggs, Miss C. M. 

( Fan-ant, Miss W. L. 
I Newberv, Miss IVI. 
I Nokes, MissC. M. 



Crouch End High School, 

Hornsey. 
Private tuition. 
Wellington College, Hastings. 
Crouch End High School, 

Hornsey. 



Halsall. A. 
Clift, V. L. 



Shorthand. 

Private tuition. 
The Jersey Modern School. 
St. Hehers. 

Domestic Economy, 



r Edwards. Miss A. L. 

I Lunt, Miss N. E. 



Clark's College, Cftrdifl. 
Private tuition. 



88 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Feb. 1, 1912. 



CLASS LIST 



BOYS. 



N.B.— Tlie small italic letters denote that the Caiididnte to whose name they arc attached was distinguished in tlie fullowins subjects resin-ctively : 



a. 


= Aiitliiuetic. 


dii. = Dutcli. 


al. 


= Algebra. 


e. = English. 


b. 


= Botany. 


/. = French. 


bk. 


= Book-keeping. 


[1. = Geograpliy 


ck. 


= Chemistry. 


(je. = German. 


d. 


= Drawing. 


geo. = Geology. 


do. 


= Domestic Econoni.v. 


f/»i. = Geometry. 



qr 


= Greek. 


Din. 


= Magnetism & Electric 


tv. 


s. 


= Scripture. 


k. 


= History. 


Ills. 


= Mensuration. 




sc. 


= Elementary Science 


he. 


= Hebrew. 


mii 


= Music. 




sh. 


= Shorthand. 


1. 


= Italian. 


nh. 


s= Natural History. 




Sp. 


= Spanish. 


-if. 


= Iri.sh. 


V- 


= Political Economy. 




tr. 


= Trigonometry. 


I. 


— Latin. 


ph. 


= Physiology. 




v. 


= Welsh. 


U. 


= Light and Heat. 


phys. 


= Elementary Physics. 




z. 


= Zoology. 


m. 


= Mechanics. 













TlifKinaltJii/itres ' and' %)refi.red tn names in the Second and Third Class Zists denote that the Candidates were entered fur tlie First and Second Classes respectively. 

Ill the addresses, Acad. = Academy, C. or Coll. = College, Coll. S. = Collegiate School, Comni. = Commercial, Conv. = Convent, Elem. = Elementary, End. = Endowed, 

Found. = Foundation, H. = House, Hr. = Higher, Inst. = Institute, Int. = International, 
Inter. = Intermediate, Poly. = rolyteclmic, Prep. = Preparatory, P.-T. = Pupil-Teachers, S. = School, Sec. = Secondary, Tech. = Technical, Univ. = University. 



FIRST CLASS or SENIOR . 

Honours Division. 

^Dixon,C.H. s.e.h.a.ul.gm.tr.m.f.lt.Mu. 
1 Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

[ Domville,.S.T. a.td.gm.tr.'ni.vis.vta.ch. 
"■ Oakes Inst,, Walton, Liverpool 

Seymour-Jones, F.L. s.e.a.gu.lr.f.ch. 

Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
Rogans,J.A. al.gm.m.h'^. 

Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 
Wliipp,r.S. e.a.al.gm.mM.iiis. 

Shoreham Gram. S. 
Damsell.G.F. e.a.ul.m.ms. 

Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 
Hollingnurtli.K.E. s.e.ij.a.pli. 

Tollington S., Musivell Hill 
Waylett.J.R. ul.gm- 

High S. for Boys, Croydon 
Page.P. e.a.al.tjm.sh. St. Leonards Coll. S. 
f IIargreaves,C. gvt.-ms. 
I Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

j ivens.F.W. a.ch.d. 

Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
.Unnison,X.L. gni.mj.ch 

Wellington Coll., .Slirop-shire 

Macqueen,J.W. s.pli. \ 

Tollington S., Muswell Hill | 

Uoberts,W.A. e.a.gm. Penketli School } 

Wanless.R.P. c.7i. Newcastle Modern S I 

.Mitchell,G.A. c.h.u.al.gm. ' I 

Oakes lust., Walton, Li\erpool I 

Sanders, F.E. a. gnu , 

Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

Hollingworth.H.McL. e.h.g.ul.gui. 

Tollington S., Muswell Hill 
Co!emau,G.H. ge. StMary's Coll., Harlow 
Clift.V.L. a.sh. 

The Jersey Modern S., St. Ueliers 
f Garsidc.G.C. e.f.d. 

I Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

I Miiullici,W.J.L, u.ul.giuM. 

Shoreham Gi'ani. S. 
I'l'pin.C.LoB./. 

O.xenford H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 
llunn.H.C. ci. Highfleld S., Muswell Hill. 
<:iJUgh,R.I. c. WelliugtonColI., Shropshire 



FIRST CLASS [or SENIOR}. 

Pass Division. 

I l>yson,S.W./; Wellington Coll. , Shrupsliire i 
l^'l'liomas,I.W. e.g.ch. Penketh School 

r Leicester,C.H.S.ft.a;. PortsmouthGram.S. 
^. I'autou.C.H. a. St. Leonards Coll. S. 

Anderson, B. A. s.e. i 

High S. for Boys, Croydon ; 
/ Tonkin.F.C. Private tuition j 

■^-Williams.C.H. s. Clyde H., Hereford ' 



fHersey,G.B. e. Sutton Park S., Sutton 

^RiXjS.M. gm.hk.ms. Shoreham Gram. S. 

/'Lewis, H.W. (c. High S. for Boys, Croydon 

vPorter,H. s. Southport Modern S. 

WiIIoughby,A.J. e.g.d. Private tuition 

Galbraith,D.McK. TheHighS., Brentwood 

Bean, L. P. o.gm. High S.for Boys, Croydon 

Payne,H.W. Tollington S., Muswell" Hill 

("Craven, G.A. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

I MiIroy,A.A. 

Oakes Inst-, Walton, Liverpool 
Roper, W.F. e. Hoe Gram. S., Plymouth 
Stafford, H. e.gm. 

Wellington Coll., Shrop.shire 
Hill.L.G. St. Mary's Coll., Harlow 

Purser,D.M. ;/ui. HighS.forBoys, Croydon 
Fleniing.J.G. e a.gia.f. 

Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

^Bradley, B. Tollington S., Muswell Hill 

VWest,F.A. M. Shoreham Gram. S. 

Craig, J. G. Gunnersbury S., Chiswick 

Owen,M. gm. WellingtonColI., Shropshire 

Burgess,H. Gram. S., Whitchurch 

Morris,I{.V. gm. High S. forBoys.Cioydon 

rBell.D.J. Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

I^Hazell,S.T. Roborougli S., Eastbourne 

/'Burcher,L.C. f. The Palace S., ISewdley 

1^ Warren, A.J. hk. Shoreham Giam. S. 

Horsley,R.N. Tollington S., Muswell Hill 

Davies, J. Private tuition 

Pomeroy.S.E. c.u.al.gm. Private tuition 

Carlyle.L.J. a.al. Coll. S., Bridgwater 

r Cattleman, F.B. Gunnersburj-S., Chiswick 

I Grohmann.H.E. 

^ Tollington S., Muswell Hill 

Alcock, V.P.H. The Palace S. , Bewdley 
Grayson, R. 

Southport Comm. Coll. & Boys' Sec. S. 
Potter, G.H.OakesInst., Walton, Liverpool 
rHalsall,A. (* sli. Private tuition 

•-Tiickcr.S.L. The Ferns, Thatcham 

^Crouch, V.'.A. Ryde H., Ripley 

I Dowding,H.N. Weston-s. -Mare College 
I McAUistei-.K. 

Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 
Dean,G.S..s. Grasmere,Appledore,Asliford 
Kendall, P.P. a. Private tuition 

^Starbuek,W.A. 

I St, John's Coll., Green Lanes, N. 

] Tackley,R.C. Ji/i. 

^ Tollington S., Muswell Hill 

fHastings,J.O. 

I Wallingbroik S., Chnlmleigh 

LMadders.E. Gram. S., Whilchurch 

Davy,E.R. g.gm. Penketh School 

Wells,T. s.a.ph. Margate Comm. S. 

Davies,T.W.M. 

Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
^011iver,J. s.jili. Margate Conun. S. 

VRoberts,J.E. The Palace S., Bewdley 
rIii.sliop,W.F. gm. Gram. S., Whitchurch 
I Cole, A. F. Campbell II., Gotham 

Fiancis,C. D. 
I St. John's Coll., Green Lanes, X. 

(^Green.H.J. Private tuition 



(^Carbines,J.C. 

I Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

•-Smitl^E.R. Tollington S., Muswell Hill 
f Ayres.F.W.B. TollingtonS., Muswell Hill 
•-King.A.F. St. Mary's Coll., Harlow 

^Blankley.C.H. al. St. Leonards Coll. S. 
1 Coonibe,R.H. Private tuition 

I Lee.L.S. Tollington S., Muswell Hill 

'■Manneriug.G. v. Tollington Pk. Coll., N. 
fAdamSjH.P. Private tuition 

Lciarke,W.C. Castle Hill S., West Baling 
/'Faulkner,F.L. Gram. S., Whitchurch 

lLewis,T.A.M. Steyne S., Worthing 

Hastings,A.H. 

St. John's Coll., Green Lanes, N 
Reakes,G. H. High S. for Boys, Croydon 
Heap.J.H. SouthportComm.CoU&.Sec.S. 



Dane.E.S. 



Private tuition 



I Jenkins, W.H. 

^ Advanced Elem. S., Merthyr Tydhl 

^Ellis,O.R. Private tuition 

I Iron.C.S. Tudor Hall, Hawkhurst 

I Montgomery, R.L. 

^ Northgat* S., Bury St. Edmunds 

Wood-Smith.A.C. c. 

Tollington S., Muswell Hill 
Pitt,C.A. ((. Private tuition 

King.A.G. Pri\ate tuition 

/'Hasloch.J. Private tuition 

[Moore.C.H. e. 

^ St. Martin's Gram. S., Scarborough 

Biistow.E.D. s. Margate Connn. S. 

Hayward,L.D. St. Helens Coll.,Southsea 
Norden,F. High S. for Boys, Croydon 

rDexter.L.W. Ryde H., Ripley 

I Harper.C.H. Private tuition 



Lupton.F. 



Private tuition 

Piivate tuition 

Piivate tuition 

Shoreham Gram. S. 

CBrowii,E.H. Tollington Park Coll., N. 

I Butler, CO. Tollington Park Coll., N. 



I (.>vven,R.F.L. 
I Parkes,A.E. 
VBansdale,G.H. 



Davies,I.G. 



1'aunton School 



I Grierson.J.D. Hoe Gram. S., Plymouth 
i Tliurgood,H.L. St. Mary's Coll., Harlow 
VYoung,C. Shoreham Gram. S. 

CBeeson,W.G. BroomyHill Acad., Hereford 
l-Hightoji.C.L. Southport Modern S. 

I^Grossart,D. B. 

I Oakes Inst.. Walton, Liverpool 

I.Lees,E.A.A. Private tuition 

Rees.D M. 

Clark's Coll., Newport Hd., Cardilt 

Reynolds, F.N. Private tuition 

CDean.F.E. High S. for Boys, Croydon 
''Miller,D.H. Tollington S., Muswell Hill 

Bittles,W.G. Private tuition 

Turiier.A.E.G. Shoreham Gram. S. 

^Baiiks.J.B. GrosvenorColl., Carlisle 

I Dully,K. f. Private tuition 

'^Morgaii,G.E. Private tuition 

f JoUHS.S.C.C. Private tuition 

I Melville, N.R. TollingtonS., Muswell Hill 
j Morgan, D.B. Weston-.s.-Mare College 



Scott.J.A.A.P. 



Private tuition 



Sliarp,T. d. Private tuitioo 

CFothergill.S.J.H. Weston-s. -Mare College 

'.Moore,E.L. Private tuition 

Slater,G.A. BllesmereS., Harrogate 

Ross, J. H. Private tuition 

Flesher,F.A. Ripon Gram. S. 

('Davies,!. Private tuition 

VDunch,C.R. Tollington S., Muswell Hill 

Prowse,F. TollingtonS., Muswell Hill 

i' Barnes, L.C. Private tuition 

^Potter,C.T. Froebel H., Dcvonport 

James,T.G. Private tuition 

Griffith, H. Private tuition 

Roberts.L.D. Christ's Coll., BlackheatU 

/Flack, L.J. St.Johu'sColl.,GreenLanes,N. 

VJacker.A.H. Richmond Hill School 

Perry, E.L. Willow H., Walsall 



SECOND CLASS [or JUNIOR}. 

Honours Division. 

l)arrali,H. .-i.e.li.al.gm./. 

Mount Radford .S., Exeter 
Witting, S.N. s.e.a.fU.vis. 

Scarborough Gram. S. 
Kernick,0. al.ms.f. Newqu.ay College 
Hubbard,J.W. s.e.al.f. 

Castle Hill S., West Ealing 
Bradley, W. K.al.gm. 

Tollington S., Muswell Hill 
Arnold,!'. J. B. a.al. gin f. 

Norwich High S. for Boys- 
Fazackerley.R.J. a. 

The Jersey Modern S., St. Helier* 
Frampton.R.E. a.e.a.al. 

Steyne S., Worthing 
Degois,L.H. g.gm.ms.f. ShorehaniGiam.S. 
Froniow,A.S. al.gm.f.d. 

Gunnersbury S., Chiswick 
j'Faux,A.V. ,v./.Mia. Southport Modern f> 
I Haslam.C.C. g.a.id. 

I Tollington S., Muswell Hill 

LProctor.R.F. ms.f.d. Victoria S., Ueatoii 
Tuthill.F.V. al.ms.f. 

St. Mary's Coll., Harlow 
Dyer.J. e.al.gm.U.ms. Shoreham Gram. a. 
Turvey.N. /.<h. Penketh School 

Yettoii.J.L. u. Mercers' S., HoUiorn, E.C. 
Christinas, L.F. giii.MS.d. 

Shoreham Gram. S. 
Prior,H.R.T. /. Norwich High S. for Boys. 
Gowers.C.A. Tollington S., Muswell Hill 
("Dean.N.E. ■am./. St. Mary's Coll., Harlow 
LMilburn,A. msf. Argyle H., Sunderland, 
f King.C. g. Tollington S., Muswell Hill 
I Mason.B.G. a./.U. 

i. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

('Long,R.M. gm.vis. Shoreham Gram. S. 
I Soutter.L.J. Tollington Park Coll., N. 
l.,1'revorrow,J.P. mi.U. Newquay College 
Lyon.A.V.H. hk.itis. 

The High S., Brentwood 
Dore,C.V. gm.ma. Shoreham Gram. K. 
('Fugeman,W.A,c/i. 

I Tollington S., Muswi II Hill 

IGrimsditch.H.B. /. 
I Oakes Inst., Walton, Liveipooi. 



Feb. 1. 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



89 



BOYS, 2nd Class;, Hovs. — Contmueif. 
I Mitchell, L.A. al.ch. 

Municipal Coll., Portsmoutli 

I Norman, R. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

I 'Worthington,D.H. s./. 

L High S. for Boys, Croydon 

Stewart.R. J. /. Tollington S.,MuswellHiIl 

Shaplanil,N".H. 

Hadlield H., St. Leonarils-on-Sea 

[Hewitt, J. s.Ho-. Grosvenor Coll., Carlisle 
MacDonald,A.C. r;iii. 
Tollington S., Muswell Hill 

f Barnet.S.G. alj. Mercers'S.,Holborn,E.C. 
LStarling.J.E. /. Tollington S.,MuswellHill 

/•Staples, B. A. <(. 

I St. John's Coll., Green Lanes, N. 

Toomey.D.P. nlj. 
[_ Tollington S., Muswell Hill 

rOlswaug.M. ms.f. Argyle H., Sunderland 
LSoIdan,W./.i;c. Mereers'S., Holborn, B.C. 

r.\IcConnell,W.F. Shoreham Gram. S. 

I Robertson.C.H. HightieldS., Muswell Hill 
CWaycott.J.C.s.uis. HoeGram.S., Plymouth 

fGorrie, W.C. Oakeslust. , Walton, Liverpool 
Smith, N.R. /. St. Mary's Coll., Harlow 

LTaylor,R.H./. WellingtonColl.,Shropshire 
Langrisli,T.H. b/c.nis. Shoreham Gram. S. 
Holmes,U.W.H. al./. Cheltenham College 

rDarrah.X. /. Mount Radford S., Exeter 

LLiverniore,I.O. /. St. Mary's Coll., Harlow 

Williams,R.M./i-A. 

Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

[Cervigon,A. gnt.j\sp. 
Leigliton Hall S., Carnforth 
Marchant,C.V. a. Richmond Hill School 

rJones,C.B. ms. 
I Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

I Morrison, H. e.td.f. Xew Coll., Harrogate 
I SIater,A.W. Mercers' S., Holborn, B.C. 
I Townley,S.6. f./. 

L Simon Langton S., Canterbury 

/"Barton, A.Q. al.ma.ch. Private tuition 
LCowlin,S. a.al.ms. St.Mary'sCoIl., Harlow 
^Green,A.S. /. New Coll., HaiTogate 

Nitz,P.A.C..St.John'sColI.,GreenLanes,N'. 
I Shorter.L.V.H. a.id.f. 
L Mercers' S., Holborn, B.C. 

("Finch, J. a?. Jill. 

I Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

I Firkin, K.E./. St. Mary's Coll., Harlow 
I Love.J.S.R. Mercers' S., Holborn, B.C. 
1 Manger.C.A. Shoreham Gram. S. 

I Phillipps,R.S. al.lt. 

I Tollington S., Muswell Hill 

I Warburton,A.G. </. 
L Tollington S., Muswell Hill 

CMcTavish,J.D. a.m. 
I Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

I 01iver,B. gni.ms. Shoreham Gram. S, 

LSander,E. H. L.f. Mereers'S. , Holboni, E. C 

/'Archbold.C.B./. CastleHillS.,WestEalinf, 
I Banks,C. <il./. WellingtonCoII., Shropshire 
I Ellis.J.O. ms. Weston-s.-Mare College 
I Firth, E.H. al.U:. Steyne S., Worthing 
VTregear.T.R. d. Colebrook H., Bognor 
rGresty.F.C. Penketh School 

I Hickman,J.G./. Tudor Hall, Hawkhurst 
CReid,G.F. /. Southport Modern S 

f Gankroger, J.L. /. 

I Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

I HadrilI,C.L ms. Tollington Park Coll., X 
I MacGregor.J.A. a.al.ms. 
V Oakes Inst, Walton, Liverpool 

fDavidson,H.H. 
I Wellington Coll., Shrop.shire 

I Platt,D,J.M. Shoreham Gram S. 

Waring,L.«./. West Leeds High S.,Armley 
LWebber.E.L. Shoreham Gram. S. 

/•Bastable.O. Iij. Private tuition 

I Davey,B.C./. 

I Oxenford H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 

^,Rusliton,G. Southport Modern S. 

CMitchiner.H.G. High S. for Boys.Croydon 
VParnwell,B.C. Mercers' S., Holborn, E.C. 
Welsh, E.L d. Tollington S., Muswell Hill 
/Hunter.J. Tollington S., Muswell Hill 
I Montgomery, D./. 

I Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

V.Thomson,D.A. Mercers' S., Holborn, E.C. 

(-Gatehouse,A.H./.d. 

I Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

I Latham, F.C.B. e.ma. Shoreham Gram. S. 

Schaefler,H.G.s. 
I St. John's Coll., Green Lanes, X. 

l.Truman,F.C. e. Private tuition 

rBye.E.A. s.a. Margate Coram. S. 

I Moore,J.R. uis. The Palace S., Bewdley 

Richards, R.T./. 
i Leigh ton Hall S., Carnforth 

LSkitt, H. G. l7i . Wellington Coll. ,Shropshire 



rDavey,X.H. al.gt.i.f. Xew Coll. .Harrogate 
LDeane,G.L.ni. Tollington S., Muswell Hill 

rEllis,S.H.T. 

Portsmouth Boys' Sec. S., Southsea 
Hatton,W.D./. 

Clark's Coll., Lewisliam High Rd., S.E. 
McWhinnie,C. R. gin. 

Tollington S., Muswell Hill 
OIdham,B.C. The College, Beccles 

Trenance,E.J. Shoreham Gram. S. 

fEspleyiA. It. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
I Jonas, G.J./. 30 ComptonAvenue, Brighton 
I Soutter.J.L. Tollington Park Coll., X. 
I Taylor.T. Tollington S., Muswell Hill 
LWonnacott,T.H./. HoeGram.S., Plymouth 

('Cox,J.R. /. Private tuition 

[ Somerset, R.M./. Private tuition 

I Thiussell.H. s.;./i. Margate Comm. S. 

I Wilson,F.W. (i/. 
1_ Leighton Hall S., Carnforth 

rFlint, J. W. R. /. Tollington Park Coll. , N 
I Peter,J. Park Private S., Plymoutl 

l..Willner,E.J. Mercers' S., Holborn, E.C. 



SECOND CLASS or JUNIOR}, 
Pass Division. 

iChristopher,F.S. bk.sh. Private tuition 

iGreenwood.L.W. a. 

St. John's Coll., Green Lanes, N, 
fJennison.S. A. WellingtonCoII., Shropshire 
l,Schwabe,C. Tudor Hall, Hawkhurst 

f Carling.A. s.f. Private tuition 

Cope, E.L. The Palace S., Bewdley 

I Duerden.W. Southport Modern S. 

I Fowler.F.C. Colebrook H., Bognor 

I James.H.C. The High S., Brentwood 

I Milroy,R. Oakeslust., Walton, Liverpool 
I iXock,H.S. The Palace S., Bewdley 

I Waight,F.C. al. ComnrercialS., Maidstone 
I Willcocks,P.S. 
L Portsmouth Boys' Sec. S., Southsea 



rLyon,C.C. ms. 
I Richards,R.A. 
I. 



Hoe Gram. S., Plymouth 
ms. 

University S., Southport 
fDuthoit,R.L. alms. 

St. Martin's Gram. S., Scarborough 

Fenn,H.E.B. / Private tuition 

Monro.H.O./. WellingtonCoII., Shropshire 

lXayler,S.H. Ramshaw's Civil 

Service & Business Coll., Kensington 

I Parsell,J.B. Oakeslnst., Walton, Liverpool 

Percy, A.F./. Private tuition 

I Pratt,F.J. Tollington Park Coll., N 

I Skelton.H. a. ins, 

I St. Martin's Gram. S., Scarborough 

l,Troup,H.B. d. St.Paul's S., W.Kensington 

('Bell.W.D. »is. 

I Oakes Inst.. Walton, Liverpool 

I Croft,B.B. ms. Shoreham Gram. S. 

I lLeGresley,F.H. 

i The Jersey Modern S., St. Heliers 

I LeMoignan,P.G. 

i Harlestoii H., St. L,awrence, Jersey 

I Leppaid,L.P. Private tuition 

I Sturridge.F.A.L./. 

I, St, Paul's S., W. Kensington 

rFlitcroft,N. c. 

Kilgrimol S., St. Aunes-on-Sea 
I Gregory, P.A. ms. 

Stoke Road Middle Class 8., Gosport 
Padmore,B.H. /. 

Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

Fage.J. ms. Oakeslust., Walton, Liverpool 

VRainsford,H.B. TolliiigtonS.,MuswellHill 

^Alabaster, B.B. «, Private tuition 

I Bardrick,H.G.V. Shoreham Gram. S. 

I Derbyshire.H.A. sf. Scarborough College 

I Hodgson, E.C. ills. 

I Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

I Xewton,L.H. Mercers' S., Holborn, B.C. 

I Rider,J.R. Skerry's Coll., Newcastle-on-T. 

I 'Romeril.G.H. e f. 

L The Jersey Modern S., St. Heliers 

rCollins.W.C. Tollington S., Muswell Hill 
I Lanyon.B.B. St. Leonards Coll. S. 

I Smith,E.L. Tollington S.. Muswell Hill 
I Strohmenger.G.R. 

I Tollington S., Muswell Hill 

I Tolman.C.J. Colebrook H., Bognor 

(^ Wesson, R. A. /. Cusaek's Coll., Putney 

^Bingham, C.H. 

I WellingtonCoII., Shropshire 

I Biansby,H. Penketh School 

I Girton,G. ms. 

I Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

VHarrison.O. Penketh School 



,'Crook,W.E. 

I BrondesburyColl.,Willesden Lane, N.W. 
j Greaves.G.H. ma. CommercialColI., Acton 
I Horscroft.S. Brunswick H., Maidstone 
I Thonias.H. St. Winifred's, Torquay 

(^ Warren, C.H. d. Brunswick H., Maidstone 

/'Lane,C.A. Xortbampton H., Cheltenham 
1 Mackenzie,J.W. /. 

i Peter Symond's S., Winchester 

I Xorris,A.G. Chichester Gram. S. 

i Rowse,E.A. Newquay College 

I Taylor.B.C. d. Brunswick H., Maidstone 
i Thompson. B. Penketh School 

t^'Tweedie,S. Shoreham Gram. S, 

f Coles,R.J. s. Emwell S., Warminster 

I Cox, A. R.OxenfordH., St, Lawrence, Jersey 
i Ramsden.D.F. Conimercial Coll., Acton 
I Suttield,X.L. ij. Private tuition 

I Wade.H.L. " Xorwich High S. for Boy> 
LWardlow.C./. WellingtonCoII., Shropshire 

("Dixon, G.W. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

I LeSaufeur.E.E. s. 

I., Oxenford H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 

rLester.C.F. f.d. 

I Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

I 01der,R.C. /. St. Marys Coll., Harlow 

I Raincock,C.W. Shoreham Gram. S. 

I lSeferian,A.M. al. 

I Chorlton-cum-Hardy Gram. S. 

L^W^akefordjK. bk. Private tuition 

rAtwell,H. Tollington S., Muswell Hill 
I Marsh,J. The Palace S., Bewdley 

Vincent-Brown, C. /. 
L St. George's Coll., Wcybridge 

("De Lacey,J.M. /. Newcastle Jlodern S. 
I lHorncastle,H.J. Avenue H., Sevenoaks 
I Milne,D.W. Mercers' S., Holborn, E.C. 
i Pearson, ex./. Private tuition 

i^Salmon,A.R. Bridlington College 

rlColling.C.W.B. St. Leonards Coll. S. 
I Honey, W.A.O. Mereers'S., Holborn, E.C. 
I Longiuuir,G. A. Mercers' S., Holborn, B.C. 
I iMaxted.A.H. Brunswick H., Maidstone 
I Mercer,E.C. al.ms. 

I Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

I Merrie,B. Weston-s.-Mare College 

I Miller,R. e.f. Grosvenor Coll., Carlisle 
iPearman.J.C. The Palace S-, Bewdley 
I Thomas, G. McK. Private tuition 

LWorth,G.P. Richmond Lixlge, Torquay 

rCreswell,E.J. al. 

I Leighton Hall S., Cam forth 

I Croiuptou.J. A. Winchester H., Bristol 
I Fair.A./ Mercers' S., Holborn, B.C. 

I King.R.T. The High S., Brentwood 

I Pryn,R.H.C. /. Portsmouth Gram. S. 
I^Wright,W.S. St. Winifred's, Torquay 

rChaImer,H.P. Derwent H., Bamford 

I Eady,K. W. /. St. Mary's Coll., Harlow 
I Lane,G.J. Portway S., Bath 

I Osburgh.E. «/.iiis. 
I Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

I^Trickett,J.S. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

f'Foulston,E. Private tuition 

I Grimtlis,B.M. Southport Modern S. 

[ Jones, I. W. c. Private tuition 

1 iPitcliford,A.R. Shoreham Gram. S. 

I Runcinian,W. Barton S., Wisbech 

I^Wickens,C.A.H. Steyne S., Worthing 

ClBunuell.S.A. Shoreham Gram. S. 

I Cooper, W.A. Southport Moderii .S. 

I Xash,D.R./. WaterloovilleColl.,Cosliani 
I Parry,R.G.W. Tollington S.,MusKeimill 
I Smyter.H.D. Shoreham Gram. S. 

t^Wilson,F. Derwent H., Bamford 

I File.R.M. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
I Gray,J.D./. Steyne S., Worthing 

[^Macfarlane,K.D.L. /. Private tuition 

('Buck.D. d. The College, Beccles 

I Burton, S./. Private tuition 

I Heninierich,E.R. <7iii. 
I Tollington S., Muswell Hill 

I Hern,W.R.H. 

I University College S., Hampstead 

I Johnson, W.H. 

I Southport Comm. Coll. & Sec. S. 

I Moore. R. A. ej". Private tuition 

Sheppard.B.A. Tonbridge School 

L'Walker,J.H. Shoreham Gram. S. 

CDouglass.E.W. Bridlington College 

I Haydon,F.L. 

I Brynmelyn S., Weston-s.-Mare 

i Jones Bvanson,T.A.E. /.?(. 

I Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

I Prentice.H.V. / Steyne S.. Worthing 

I Richards, E.H./.St.George'sS., Eastbourne 

I Watt.J.B. al.ms. 

I Oakes lust., Walton, Liverpool 

I White.G.R. 

I BrondesburyColI.,Willesden Lane, N.W. 

I, Whiten, A.J. Grara. S., Ongar 



rCaiter,G.D. /. 
I Glass,G.L. 
I Gray. J. P. / 
i Hamilton, D.E. 
I .Morling,A.J.P. 
I Page.J.O. 
I Robb,G.B. n. 
l.Vondc,F. 



Hutton S., near Preston 

Margate Comm. S. 

Private tuition 

ms. Shoreham Gr.ain. S. 

ilia. Clyde H., Hereford 

The Palace S., Bewdley 

Barton S., Wisbech 

Penketh School 



fDolainore, A.W.J. 

I St. Paul's S., W. Kensington 

I Grindev,J.W. d. 

I Tankerton Coll., Whitstable 

I Hatson,D.J. Barton S., Wisbech 

I Paniplin,C.W. Mercers' S., Holborn, EC. 

I Shippey,F. Ills. 

I St. Martin's Gram. S., Scarborough 

I Sivyer,F.G.H./. Portsmouth Gram. S. 

] VanderPant,L.H. /. Private tuition 

t,White,J.T. /. High S. for Boys, Croydon 



The College, Beccles 
Barnstaple Gram. S. 



('iAdaras,T.R. 

I Bell,W.S.B. al. 

I ICooper.H. 

I Southport Comm. Coll. .& Sec. S. 

I Dean, D.J. ij.d. 

I Grasmere, Appledore, Ashford 

I Harrington, F.L./. Boys'Coll.S.,Aldershot 

l,Moore,S. The Palace S., Bewdley 

('Arclidale,W. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
I iBeeson,A.J. BroomyHillAcad., Hereford 
I Clough,P.R. ms. Scarborough Gram. S. 
I Marsh, W.R. Oakeslnst., Walton, Liverpool 
LSewell.A. Grosvenor Coll., Carlisle 

rCooke.M.D. 

I Brondesbury Coll., WiUesden Lane, N.W. 

I Crundall.W.F.n./. Tudor Hall, Hawkhurst 

I Cuhison.R.P. d. 

I Schorne S., North Marston, Winslow 

I Ellett,B.W. 

I The Jersey Modern S., St. Heliers 

I Nesbit,C.H. F.d. Commercials., Maidstone 

I Pearson, E. A. Private tuition 

i Pipon,B.G. 

I Harleston H., St. Lawrence, Jei-sey 

I Sinith.G.B. id./. St. Leonards Coll. S. 

I Tuddenhain,D.A. Norwich HighS.forBoys 

LWebster,E.L. Scarborough College 

lCrundall,E.D. Tudor Hall, Hawkhurst 
Job.H. s. The Philological S., Southsea 
MarHeet,F.S. / St. Mary's Coll., Harlow 
Mason, P.M. a./. 

Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
Milton, A./. 

High Harrogate Coll., Harrogate 

I Panes,H.T. Wallingbrook S., Chulmleigh 

I Taylor,G.E. St. Aubyn's, WoodfordGreen 

I lWebber,M. bk: 

L Wallingbrook S. , Chulmleigh 

("Brown, F.A.S. d. Norwich High S.for Boys 
I Hands,R.H.J. St. Leonards Coll. S. 

[ Howard, N. Gram. S., Eccles 

lPorter,X. Leighton Hall S., Carnforth 

( Campbell, G. /. Scarborough College 

I Card,E.T. al.gm. Private tuition 

I Cory, J. R. s. Hoe Gram. S., Plymouth 
j lIveson.J.A. 

1 St. Martin's Gram. S., Scarborough 

Pointing,A.D. Portway S., Bath 

Roberton,T.R. al. 

Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 
Smith, D. A. Private tuition 

lTavlor,L.G. High S. for Boys, Croydon 
iTaylor.W.C. The High S., Brentwood 

f Back, E. W.A. Mercers' S., Holborn, E.C. 
I Fyson,R. Private tuition 

I Heptinstall,R. ToUingtonS., Muswell Hill 
I Pool,F.E. ills. Newquay College 

I Swanton.S.H.H. Margate Comm. S. 

l.Yeoman,J.H. /. Greystones, Scarborough 

("Bailey.H.D. 

I Southport Comiu. Coll. & Sec. S. 

I Ballan,N. Private tuition 

I Crosslpy,T. al.f. 

I Halifax Council Secondary S. 

I Hughes. E.N. Private tuition 

I Lee,S.E. Coll. S., London Rd., Reading 

I MacKay,D. Walton H., Swindon 

1 Regan, L. W.A. mil. 

I St.PetersChoirS.,EcclestonSt.East.S.W. 

I Richardson,. 4. H. Dulwieh College 

I Bidout.L.G./. Private tuition 

l.Ryland,R.J. The Douglas S., Cheltenham 

('Bewslier,F.A. ThePhilologioalS., Southsea 

I Brooks, R.J. s. Grosvenor Coll., Carlisle 

I Jagger.J.B. 

I Schorne S., North Marston, Winslow 

I Kelsall,A.B. Wilmslow College 

I LeBrocq.J.P. / 

l_ Harleston H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 

("Brown.F.P. al. 

I Southport Comm. Coll. & Sec. S. 

I Cresswell.G.M. e. Private tuition 

I Lewer,A.J. Shoreham Gram. S. 

I lTaplin,W. Private tuition 



90 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Feb. 1, 1912. 



BOYS, 2SD Class, Pass— Coiifin ii«i. 
I TatUm,B.J. „,. , 

Scliorne S., Nortli Marstoii, Wmslmv 
I Viiison.A. Private tuition 

L Fiiisbury Park Coll., Stoke ^ewlngton 

I'Cnry.S.S. Hoe Gram. S., Plyiiioutli 

I Grossart.A.C. riis. . 

Oakes last., Walton, Liverpool 

lile H L Private tuition 

I Metcaife.J.F. Mercers' S., Holborn, E.C 

Potter.H.R, The College, Beccles 

l,Sainuel,K.C. ToUingtou S., Muswell Hill 

f.^rmstrong.W.A. 

St Martin's Gram. S., Scarborougli 
Bell,G J. <il. Private tuition 

Carney.H. A. Argyle H., Siindeilaiid 

ICrook F W. Christ's Coll., Blacklieatli 

I Durham. A. St. Leonards Coll. 8. 

GoUlstein.S.Lawrence'sColi., Birmingham 

I .Skeg"S B L. Private tuition 

I Taiiton',K.F. St. Leonards Coll. S. 

Taylor, E. Gram. S.,Ongar 

I Wilks.H.G. ,,„;,, 

Ruthin Coll., E-kington, Shelheld 

I \Villcocks,S.A. St.Duii^tan'sColL, Margate 

LYates,E.R. d. WellingtonOoll., Shropshire 

rCondell,T.H. Slioreham Gram. S. 

I Fishburn,J. Shoreham Gram. S. 

I Fletcher.G.M.WellingtoiilJoll., Shropshire 
I Moriis,A.D. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
I I'atterson.F.H. BrunswickH., Maidstone 
Taggart,R. ms. Castletown Gram. S. 

I iTaylor.G.C. The Palace S., Bewdlej 

I Travis, W. r'.al.gin.f. Private tuition 

l,Wragg,T.J. Derwent H., Baiiiford 

Dulwicli Collc„ 
Private tuition 
Private tuitioi 



l'Escritt,F.K. 
I llardy,O.K./. 
LlIanis.E.G. 

/Bu.shby,J.A.G. Gram. S., Penistone 

I Davey,A.G. Selwyn H., Hove 

I lJavies,F.L.S. St. Helens ColL, Southsea 
I Hoskius.A. /. Laugharne S., Southsea 
I lIves,A.C.l. 

I Northgate .S , Bury St. Edmunds 

I, iLight,O.F. The Philological S., Southsea 

/Brearley,J.R.WellingtonColl., Shropshire 
I Dymoke,W.G. Winchester H.. Bristol 
I Maudsley.A.G. Private tuition 

VWatts,R.A. Tollington S., Muswell Hill 

(- Bather, J.E. 

I Oakes Inst.. Walton, Liverpool 

I Bright.L.J. f. St. Mary's Coll., Harlow 
i Dudfleld.H.M.L. s.f. 

Castle Hill S. , West Ealing 
I Grifflths,W.N. Southport Modern S. 

I Hammond.L.D. Scarborough College 

LHerring,T.C. Laugharne S., Southsea 

fiPalfree.J.W.B. Belper Gram. S 

I Smith, A.B. Gram. S., Ongar 

I Snowball, W.L. /. Scarborough College 
I Walter,S.S. Mercers' S., Holborn, E.C 
I Wilson, C.K. 
I, Stoke Road Middle Class S., Gosport 

rBowditcli,D.A.H.HigliS.forBoys,Croyd,... 

Head.J.F. Craven Park Coll., Harlesden 

Higson.V.E. oi.mn. 

Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

Holmden,8./. The Modern S.,E. Griinteart 
i Hosken.C. Newquay College 

I Kirby,W.E.K. St.Paul's S., W.Kensington 

LeMarquand.E.C. 
I Harleston U., St. Lawrence, Jersey 

I Morris, W.F. Mercers' S., Holborn, E.C. 
I Rowe,F.A.P. St. Leonards Coll. S, 

LiWliittiiigliain,T.C. g. Private tuition 

f'Chaudler.W.B. Private tuitioi 

I Hayman,W.D. Winchester H., Bristol 
I lHostler,A.C.V. Campbell H., Cotliam 
I IHoyle.F.W. Oakes Inst., Walton, L'pool 
Sarson,J.R. Taunton School 

1 Shaw.J.A. Private tuition 

I Torres,A.deS.M. /. 
1^ St. Paul's S., W. Kensington 

(■lBetts,S. Weston..s.-Mare College 

ICoUier.T.L. St. Dunstan's Coll., Margate 
Hooper.G.S. The Ferns, Thatcham 

Lyoii.G.J. High S. for Boys, Croydon 
Simous,G.B.L./. Private tuition 

Sutton, B.S. Hoe Gram. S., Plymouth 
.,Wright,C. The College, Beccles 

/Baker, J.H. Tollington S., Muswell Hill 
Hughesdon.E.H. 

Tollington S., Muswell Hill 
I Johnson, D.C. WellingtonColl.,Shioiisliire 
I Lofts,E.D.NorthgateS.,Bury8t.Edniuiids 
I O'Brien, K.R. Private tuition 

I Painton.J. Private tuition 

^.Pawlyn.N.D. Hoe Gram. S., Plymouth 



I jenner H St. Leonards Coll. S. 

Johnso'n.S.H. Leighton Hall S.,Carnforth 

LlJones,B.M. Old College S., Carmarthen 

rCodner,C.C. Private tuition 

Howard, H. Norwich High S. for Boys 

I Kalleiid,B.W. Upton Coll., Bexley Heath 

I Marshall, G.H. it. Colebrook H., Bogiior 

I Murray-Shirrefl.G. Private tuition 

I Neighbour,W.ll.J. d. 

I Upton Coll., Bexley Heath 

I Schumann, C.L. G.J. /. 

Oxford H., Junction Rd., N. 

I Shaw T. St.Martin'sGraiii.S.,Scarborough 
Turner,T.L. Western Coll., Harrogate 

I Whiteheld.F.A. s. Campbell H., Cotliam 

LlWyatt,G.G. Gram. S., Whitchurch 

/'Danby,F.G. Scarborough Gram. S. 

Edge.E. )i. Kelvin Coll., Peuarth 

Faull,J.L. Hoe Gram. S., Plymouth 

■Harrison, R. St.Duustan's Coll., Margate 
Mottatt,C. Private tuition 

iPegler,H. High S. for Boys, Croydon 
Pugli, H.N. Chorlton-cum-Hardy Gram.S. 
Sharpe.F.G.G. „, , 

\^ Schorne S., North Marston, Winslow 

Private tuition 

Ousegate S. , Selby 

Private tuition 

Tudor Hall, Hawkliurst 

Private tuition 

Private tuition 

Gram. S., Ongar 

oiaoL^ ... Barton S., WMsbech 

Thomas, D.U. St.Aubyii's,WoodfordGreen 
Wearing, G.L. ms, 

St Martin's Gram. S., Scarborough 
V'WoodroflFe,B.C. h.ae. Private tuition 



^Bakes.W.B. 
I Carr.H. 

Hatclier.H.B. 
I Ratclitle,P.J.S. 
I Kobbins.S.A. 

Shukvy,A.A. 

Stansby,J.W. 

Sianton,H.M.A 



I Watkins,T.R. 70 Richmond Rd., Cardiff 
I^Wliitlock,L.A. Private tuition 

rlChampion.N.L. __ , 

Lancaster Coll., W. Norwood 
i^Healey,T.F. Private tuition 

rGodwin,F.H. Gram. S., Macclesfield 

Haiid,D. Oral8.fortheDeaf,FitzroySq.,W. 

I Paterson.J. Oakeslnst., Walton, Liverpool 

I Pratt, F.H. /. Private tuition 

I Ro2ers,W.B. 

I Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

I Starbuck.P.R. 

St. John's Coll., Green Lanes, N. 

Tadmaii,T. Greystones. Scarborough 

Walker.J.W. , „ „, 

Thornton Heath 8., Bonshani Manor Rd. 

Wliit.aker,A.W. /. Private tuition 

LWoodford.F. Greystones, Scarborough 

I Bollard, W.F. EUesmere S., Harrogate 
I Coriiish.J.E. Hoe Grain. S., Plymouth 
I Graves,W.J. ^, . , 

I Finsbury Park Coll., Stoke Newington 
1 Jones, I. B. 

Emlyn Gram. 8,, Newcastle Emlyn 
I Ludlow,L.L. Tollington Park Coll., N. 
I Taylor.A.B. ^, „, , , 

l^ Arnold H., South Shore, Blackpool 

rBarker L H Private tuition 

I Blain,!. al. ' Private tuition 

Crichton,S.T. St. Helens Coll., Southsea 

I Fouraker.L.F. Dulwicli College 

Ilatclier.L. Wellington Road 8., Taunton 

Piercv E. Ousegate S., Selby 

I iTraise,E.F. Eversley S., Stamford 

I lWestaway,F.J.H. 

(^ Collegiate S., Wnichmore Hill 



('Grimshaw,n. Ousegate S., belby 

I Holman,H.R. d. 

I Clark's Coll., Uxbridge Road, W. 

I Horne,R.M. The College, Beccles 

I Luke, J. Taunton School 

I Lywo'od,H.M. DunlievedCoU.,Lauiiceston 
ipearce,S. /. Private tuition 

Northcott,C.S. 

Duiiheved Coll., Launceston 
f Apps,S.F. Margate Gram. S. 

t.Willianis,W.G. Private tuitlott 

Private tuition 
Private tuitiou 



/Davies,J.R. HigherGradeS.,MoiiiitaiiiAsh 
I Fry.K.H. /. Wellington Road 8., Taunton 
I Godfrey, E.G. „ -r ,.• 

I St. John's Coll., Green Lanes, N. 

I Jopsoii,R. K. 

Thornton Heath S., Beiisham Manor Rd. 

Martiii,G.C. Barton 8., Wisbech 

Masteis,H. Diuglewood, Colwyn Bay 

Mattliews,H.J. Gram. S., Ongar 

Shiekl,T.C. .s. ^ ^ , 

Clark's Modern S., Forest Gale 

i lStockwell,P. Bridlington College 

VTait.W.N. High 8. for Boys, Croydon 

'Byers J A Private tuition 

Haniii'ie'tt,B.W. HighS. for Boys,Croydon 
Plevin N / Private tuition 

Smith.'w.A'. /. Private tuition 

rBlackwell.P.B. alj. Private tuition 

I Kite,H.A.C. /. Private tuition 

>Laveity,W. Keefe's Acad., Liverpool 

Lewis B.P. Leighton Hall S., Carntorth 

L8iiiitli',H.N. Brunswick H., Maidstone 

rBartlioloniew.H.M. Littleton U., Knowle 
iDavies,T.H. Shoreham Gram. 8. 

Davis, ii.C. Beckenham County S. 

Freer,'A.B. St.Martin's Gram.S., Scarboro' 
iHamilton,T. Ripon Gram. 8. 

Ingram-Johnson, R. J. T. /. 

Skerry's Coll., Kewcastle-on-T. 
Lee F A. High S. for Boys, Croydon 

Rolib D The College, Beccles 

Lshaw^A.n. Private tuition 

'IIaniel-Smith,L.F. 

High S. for Boys, Croydon 
King,L.W. ^ „, 

St ■peter'sClioiiS.,EcclestonSt.East,b.W . 
Lea,E.L. id. Private tuition 

Mickelwright.R.A. /. , . . , 

Gunnersbury S., Chiswick 
Nicholson,J. Grosvenor Coll., Carlisle 
iNorton.S.R. Private tuition 

01dhain,F.E. s. ^. ,, 

High 8. for Boys,Upper Hornsey Bise.N . 
Palmer H.B. Norwich High S. for Boys 
Park, A F. n./. Private tuition 

Slight C.A. d. Fitzroy S., Crouch End 
Wilkiiis,R.J.M. Hoe Gram. S., Plymouth 



Littleton H., Knowle 
Private tuition 



rCallow,F.l!. 

I Claik,E,U. 

I Clokie,J.A.G. „ „ „, . . , 

I Arlington Park Coll., Chiswick 

I llnnous.L.F. Private tuition 

I Marchiugton,C.L. 

1^ Tollington S., Muswell Hill 

l'lDockrce,G.A. Clovelly Prep. S., Claphain 

HugilhV.F.H. Tonbridge Gram. 8. 

Kamil.M. Private tuition 

Kent N.V Mile End H., Portsmouth 

I Kiii'-B H Private tuitiou 

I Lyiin',F.ll. Gram. S., Cowfold 

I Mesiiy,H.C. 

I Oxenford H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 

1 Patter50.i,R.W. Private tuition 

Lpillow,E.S. Norwich High S. for Boys 



rButt,G.E. 
I Flanagan, G. A. 
I Horton.J.B. 
I Hurst, B. /. 



Bourne Coll., yuinton 

Private tuition 

Private tuition 

Holt H., Chcshunt 



^'Beall.J.S. 

Cole,L.W. 

I Uniin,A.G 

1 Leonard, W 

I LewiSjJ.S. 

Lloyd, D.M 

Roberts,W 

Rogers, H. 

Stanton, R. 

Vaughan,F. 



Barton S., Wisbecl 

Shoreham Gram. S. 

/. Fitzroy S., Crouch End 

.K. Kilmorie.St.Margaret'sBay 

St. Paul's 8., W. Kensington 

High S. for Boys, Croydon 

A. EUesmere S., Harrogate 

Wellington Road 8., Taunton 

H. qni. 

Tollington S., Muswell Hill 
H.W. 
Wellington Coll., Shropshire 



rBctts F. Private tuition 

I IBygott E. Gram. S., Whitchurch 

I Farndale,W.J. EUesmere S., Harrogate 

I lbbotson,F. „, , , 

Clifl;oii Coll., North Shore, Blackpool 

I Kirkbride,F.J. Private tuition 

Miller,J./. Private tuition 

Moulds.G.R. Private tuition 

Quelch.J. 4. Private tuition 

Rees J.M. Collegiate S., Pontypridd 

Robartes.H. High 8. for Boys, Croydon 

Short.J.McL. d. Maida Vale S., W. 

ISuell.L.M. Wilton H., Exeter 

(^Thomas, A.B. a(. Private tuition 

^Bramwell.J.T. „ ,, „, , ■ 

Wellington Coll , Shropshire 
Brougli,R.F.W. Sutton Park S., Sutton 
Turner.A.B. „^ „ •■ 

y The Jersey Modern S., St. Heliers 

rA"new,W.R. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

Kieldsen,F.T. Private tuition 

Lawrence, F. Private tuition 

' Lloyd F.B. School of Commerce, 

I ' Grey Friars Road, Cardift 

Mitchell, A.G. St. Helens Coll., Southsea 

I Platt,D.C. Taukerton Coll., Whitstable 

I Tremlett.G.H. , ^, '. _ 

t Finsbury Park Coll., Stoke Nowington 

rCliambers,C. J. Heanor Secondary S. 

Cox W O Private tuition 

Holubow'iez,C. ((. Margate Gram. S. 

; Moore, P.K. Castletown Gram. S. 

1 Schule'r.W.E.D. 

Lancaster Coll., W. Norwood 

Taylor,G.C. Holt H., Cheshunt 

LYoungson.A. Private tuition 



rCampbell,K.R. 

I Chapman,?./. 

I Dyer,P.M. .,, ^ 

I Bradley High S. for Boys.Newton Abbot 

I Giles,L.F. Cambridge H., Camden Rd., N. 

I lMcLenlian,K.D. 

High S. for Boys, Croydon 
I Reid.S.J. Maida Vale 8., W. 

I 8cooiics,D.A. Selwyn House, Hove 

I Waddington,F. ^ ^. 

|_ Leighton Hall 8., Carnforth 

/Allen, W. A. 

Thornton Heath S., Benshain Manor Rd. 

Annison.R.C. High S. for Boys, Croydott 

Dowiur,G.F.A. Private tuition 

Evans D.E. Private tuition 

Evans.E.R. Private tuition 

I Gaiilter,C.P. „, , 

I Arnold H., South Shore, Blackpool 

I Howard,F.G.C. „, . . , 

I Arlington Park Coll., Chiswick 

Jupp,H.J. „ , ^, „, 

Hillmartin Coll., Camden Rd., N.W. 

I Smitliies,K.B. Private tuition 

Warren H.P. Holt H., Cheshuut 

VlWoodford.'W. Greystones, Scarborough 

CAshford.C.F. 'Waterlooville Coll.,Cosham 

iFinch.R.P. Private tuition 

Lewis,L.D. Private tuition 

Vale-Haden,G.E. Margate Gram. S. 

i,Woniiacott,B. Hoe Gram. S., Plymouth 

riBrookes.A.R. 

Clifton Coll., North Shore, Blackpool 

Coi)einan,P.A. The College, Beccles 

I Duiistan,T.B. Private tuition 

I Hall,N. ^, _ 

Samlyford Acad., Newcastle-on-Tyne 

Harris,D Maida Vale 8 W. 

Marshall.W. Private tuition 

LMarUn.J.N. Duuheved Coll., Launceston 
rMarks.B.A. The College, Clevedon 

Sco.-ins L.W. Highfield S., Muswell Hill 
U'alaat,A!H. Private tuition 

rCliapman,B. Private tuition 

Davys V.J. Avenue H., Seveuoaks 

Harper i. Civil Service Acad. 

I Victoria Buildings, Manchester 

I Hutcliings,D.A. 
i^ Waterlooville Coll. Coshaitt 



l'Crockett,A.B. Private tuition 

Harmer.T. W. Gunnersbury 8. , Chiswick 

lReakes,S.R. High S. for Boys, Croydon 

rChappell.E.F. . . 

1 Finsbury Park Coll., Stoke Newington 

Huiiter,J.K. Pri^?*^ t;",*'""; 

PhiUips.J.L. Willow H., Walsall 

l,Priestley,H. Private tuition 

CJewcll.F.T. 
I Jones, C.S. 
l,Ragy,M.A. 

^AnselKCH. 
I..Nichols,G.W. 

('Flink,C.C. 

I Phillips,P. 

I Rackham.E. 

t,8tautoii,R.G.O. 
011ive,V.J. 

(-Baker, F.P. 

I Brown, S. P. . „ „ , 

Thornton Heath S.,Bensham Manor Rd. 

Newmau.B.J. Private tuition 

twalker.L.B. Leighton Hall 8., Carnforth 
Dalley D Private tuitiou 

Green,L.H.A. Private tuition 

Watson, D.T. Private tuition 

Dyer.W C. Ryle H., Ripley 



Newquay College 

Bourne Coll., Quinton 

Private tuition 

Holt H. , Cheshunt 
Private tuition 

Margate Gram. S. 
Ipswich Municipal Sec. S. 
The College, Beccles 
Barton S., Wisbech 
Margate Gram. S. 
Gram. S., Ongar 



rHa""iag,S. /. EUesmere S., Harrogate 
Lstephens,A.H. /. Clyde H., Hereford 



fBloomer,A.C. 

Davey,0. 
L.Staccy,B.J. 



Private tuition 

Shoreham Gram. 8. 

Private tuition 



rlievis C.E./. Portsmouth Gram. S. 

I Jessop,V.T. NorthaniptonH.,Cheltenham 

Lee.H.C. Private tuition 



r Bates, A.T. High S. for Boys, Croydou 
Bouek,U.E. Shoreham Grain. S. 

Denseiii,H. Private tuition 

Fowlds.B.D.A./. Private tuition 

Maiin,L.S. The College, Beccles 

I Nelson R.8. The Mount Acad., Maltou 

Po^j. u Private tuition 

Sansb'ury.H.P. Castletown Gram. 8. 

Wliitiiig,R.H./. ^ „ . , 

St. James' Sec. S., Bargate, Grimsby 

rDiain.P.O. Private tuition 

I Cropley.W. ^ , 

I Northgate S., Bury St. Edmunds 

I Englaiid,A.J. Shmehain Grain. S 

Haincs,A. Clyde H., Hereford 

Lshirriffs.G. Private tuition 



THIRD CLASS. 

Honours Division, 

llodgson,N.W. s.e.h.g.n.al.d.mu. 

Y'oik Minster Choir &., \ ork 
Boudoin,L.A. ms.f. Clair- Val S., Gorey 
Anderson,G.F. s.e.ij.u-al.gm./. 

High S. for Boys, Croydon 

Jeffery.A.L.P. s.e.n.nut.d. J^ 

St. John's CoU., Green Lanes.M. 



Feb 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



91 



BOYS, 3bd Class, Ross.—Continufil. 
Wattson,C.B. s.e.a.al. 

St. John's Coll., Green Lanes, X. 
Fuller,D. c.a.al.gm.J.qe. 

Shoreham Gram. S. 
Clift,W.A. h.a.ttl.gm. 

The Jersey Modern S., St. Hellers 
Heaton.C.D. g.a.d.viu. 

York Minster Choir S., York 
Howells.W.J. a.sh. 

Barry Commercial Acad., Holton Rd. 
('Riley.E.W. e.g.a al. 

I Tollington Park Coll., N. 

IWiglield.D.W.MacD. s.e.h.g.o..al. 

Tollington Park Coll., N. 
Taylor, W.H. s.a.al 

Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 
Gordon.M. s.e.h. Margate Jewi-sli Coll. 
PeeljS. s e.g.d.jna. 

Y'ork Minster Choir S., Y'ork 
Sheplierd.F.R. e.a.d.mu, 

Y'ork Minster Choir S., York 

/'Coverdale.A. a.gm.bk,d. 
I The High S., Brentwood 

1 Le Gresley,S.B. e.al.f. Clair-Val S., Gorey 
VMortiniore,H. e.h.g.sc. Penketh School 

Godel.E.F. s.t. 

Harleston H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 

^Anthony, A. A. a.ai. 

I Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

I Smith.H.T.B. ;i.o.<iZ, 

V The Jersey Modern S., St. Heliers 

^A;;ate,B. s.c.aJ. Shoreham Gram. S- 

I Bell,\V.R. s.a.al. 

I Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

I Cooney,R.J.S. e.g.a.gm. 

I St. Winifred's, Torquay 

I^Dean,H.R. g.a.al. Tollington ParkColl.,N. 

^Brooker.A.S.L. s.eji. 

I The Modern S., E. Grinstead 

I Davison, L. s.e.a.gm. 

I Grosvenor Coll., Carlisle 



I Waruer,A. t.d. Brompton Boys' S., 

\ The Churchyard, Brompton 

('Forsyth,C. «. 

I Southampton Boys' Coll. & High b 

I McCartney.R.R. ". 

I Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

I^Winiams,R.P. Richmond Lodge, Torquay 

fAdie.F.W. s./i. The Palace S., Bewdley 
LClough,B.G. s.rf. Shoreham Gram. S. 

/Curtis, W.H. s.e.h. 

\ Suiiimerleaze Coll. S., East. Harptree 

I Morris,D. aid. Colebrook H., Bognor 
VScott,W.K. /. Park H., Broadstairs 

/'Berrv.G.W. cat. 

\ ' Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

I Black,R.C. s. Shoreham Gram. S. 

I Chisholm.S.M. s.h. 

I St. Aubyn's, Woodford Green 

I Hancock.B.J. 

I Oxenford H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 

I Pimm.C.F. d. High S., Torquay 

I Rivers, W.E. Peachtield, Eltham 

1 Smith, B.C. e.al. Clair- Val-S., Gorey 

\ Turvey.J.H. s.e.c. Penketh School 



I Fisher,A.N. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
I 2Harvey,C. Belper Gram. S. 

I Kienast.F.M. s. 

Oxenford H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 
I 2Ladbroke,H.A. Tollington Park Coll., N. 
I Parris,W.H. 

Oxenford H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 



Anerley College 
Shoreham Gram. S. 

Peachlield, Eltham 



1 Lewis, H.L. e.a al. 
Mason, C.J. e.al.bk. 
' SarsoDjA.W. e.aL 



Highbury Parks., N. 
Ryde H., Ripley 
Blackpool High S. 



('Hobson,T.B. al.ge. 

] Bickerton H., Birkdale, Southport 

I Sutton, O. e.a.al. Highbury Park S., N 
VWade,R. ai.gm. LeiglitonHallS.,Carnforth 

/Crunipler,H.S. s.e.al. 

I Boys' High S., Wareham 

I Priestley.C.L. g.gm.d. 

I Richmond Lodge, Torquay 

\ Wallace.H. e.h. Argyle H., Sunderland 

/ Billot.J. e.h./. 

The Jersey Modern S., St. Heliers 



Argyle H., Sunderland 

Clair-Val S. , Gorey 

Raleigh Coll., Brixton 

Argyle H., Sunderland 



THIRD CLASS. 
Pass Division, 



, Green Lanes, N. 

Newquay College 

Norwich High S. for Boys 

Scarborough College 

The High S., Brentwood 

Shoreham Gram. S. 



) Green, J. F. e.a d 

Palmer, H.G. al.f. 
VPike,E.J. ffi.ai. 

/'Border,A.E. a. 

I Hambly,W.H. a.oZ. 

I The Jersey Modern S., St. Heliers 

I Tozer,H.H. s.e.h. Boys'HighS., Wareham 

l,Wiight,L.H. t.h. Wcstbury H., Southsea 

/'Ahier.C.F. e.f. 

I The Jersey Modern S., St Heliers 

I Barnes.E. h. St. Peter's Choir S., 

I Eccleston St. East, S.W. 

I Belt.F. n. The Haughton S., Y'ork 

l^Shaw,R.H. s.g.d. Monkton H., Streatham 

I'Bettinson.S. e.a. Barton S., Wisbech 

Goldie,W.L. a.al. 
I Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

I King,F.W. s.a.al.d. Shoreham Gram. S. 
I Norris,C.A. e a.al. 

I Bickerton H., Birkdale, Southport 

I Spark,E. s.h. Argyle H., Sunderland 

I. Wood.C.C. e.g.al. Priory Coll., Hornsey 

/'Carruthers,G.S. e.gm. 

I Grosvenor Coll., Carlisle 

1 Mourant,C. e.al. 

I The Jersey Modern S., St. Heliers 

I Piper,N. s.a. Argyle H., Sunderland 

I Potter,G.A. a.al. 

I Oakes Inst., Waltan, Liverpool 

I Tieii'Dath,D.R. a 

\^ Bickerton H., Birkdale, Southport 

/'Conwav,H. ms. 

I Southampton Boys' Coll. and High S. 

1 Edwards.D.T. a. Coininercial Coll., Acton 

I Guebel.M. e.d. High S. for Boys, Croydon 

I Heywood.A. al. High School, Torquay 

I Ledebuer,D.H. (d. 

I Commercial Coll., Acton 

I Patterson, J. R. a.1. 

I Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

I Sadler,T. a.al. The Palace S. , Bewdley 

VWalton.R.X. s. Penketh School 

/'Bradford, S.V. a.al. 
, Southdown Coll., Willingdon, Eastbourne 
1 Clough,E.D. d. Shoreham Gram. S. 

i Richardson, R. ul. Scarborough College 
I Stevens, A. s.hl. Shoreham Gram. S. 



2Pelham,G.F.L. 9IUI. 

St. John's Coll. 
•2Rowse,I.A. 
'iLiug.W.B. 
=Mabbott.A. 
2Watson,D. 
■2Janies,W.P. 
2Wilson,H.E. win. 

St. John's Coll., Green Lanes, N. 
2Lewis,W.A. /. St. Mary's Coll., Harlow 
!Buckley,H.L. 

Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
2Brooks,H.C. Tollington Park Coll., N. 
■2Lacey,D.E. 

St. John's Coll., Green Lanes, N. 
2Cope,B.H. The Palaces., Bewdley 

2Perkins,H.A. High S. for Boys, Croydon 
2BaUard,E.S. Shoreham Gram. S. 

("iKingjW.F. Margate Coram. S. 

I 2Robins,E.J.H. Tollington Park Coll., N. 

V'Tye.E.G. Tudor Hall, Hawkhurst 

2Hosken,C.N. Newquay College 

2Bell,E.H. Derwent H., Bamford 

-Clifton, D.G. Tudor Hall, Hawkhurst 
2Fitzsimons,T. Cawley S., Chichester 
2Haniluond,W.R. Skerry's Civil Service 
C'.ll., High Uolborn, W.C 
2AshweU,H.r. Brunswick H., Maidstone 
2Peel,J. Grosvenor Coll., Carlisle 

f'^j.jlyan.H.W.H. s. Private tuition 

Li'Weeden, W. A. Tollington S.,Muswell Hill 

/'Bodenham,J.R.W. h.al. 

The Palaces., 



I 2KinK,L.A. 
V^Sraith.G.S. 



Gram. S., Ongar 
Derwent H., Bamford 



1 2Wells,J.R.L. 
VY'oung,R. s. 

^Castens,G.W.E. : 
I Coates.F.H. a.al. 
I St. Martin's Grmn- S., Scarborough 

I sCooke, W.J. /.WelliugtonCoU, Shropshire 
I Cory.G.R. .«. West End S., St. Heliers 
I 2Foden,S. Belper Gram. S. 

I Gautier,M.L.A./. 

I St. James' Coll. S., St. Heliers 

I Haddock,J. a.al. The Palace S., Bewdley 
I Lambert.S.T. Bart«n S., Wisbech 

; Morley,E.L. e.f. Shoreham Gram. S. 

1 =Morris,A.F. St. Leonards Coll. S 

1 Priestley.F.W. d. 

Richmond Lodge, Torquay 
I 2Symonds,F.R. St. Winifred's, Torquay 
VWells.A.M. (. Castletown Gram. S. 

/'2Argent,N.A. The High S., Brentwood 
I Fisher,J. Norwich High S. for Boys 

I Gould, C.F. a.WallingbrookS.,Cluilinleigh 
1 Lane,J. West End S., St. Heliers 

I 2Mitchell,J.H. Clyde H., Hereford 

I Noel,G.G. d. Clair-Val S,, Gorey 

I Oliphant.L. a.al. Southend Gram. S. 

I Oliver.G.S. s.e.g. Margate Comm. S. 

I Ortner.E. R. Beverley School, Barnes 
I Restall,G.M. al. 

I Waterlooville Coll., Cosham 

I Small.J.D. e. Tudor Hall, Hawkhurst 
I 2Tay]or,F.R. Shoreham Gram. S. 

I^Tuhan,N.C. Priory Coll., Hornsey 

^Broadley.T.H. e. 

I The Modem S., E. Grinstead 

1 2Dancey,M. Beverley School, Barnes 

i Figgins,H.H. h.a.al. 

I Manor H.. Claphani Common 

I Freegard,J.G.L.<7. TollingtonParkColl.,N. 

I eill,A.S. e. Shoreham Gram. S. 

I Jackson, G.E. »is. Scarborough Gram. S. 

I Jardin,G.D. gm. The High 8., Brentwood 

i 2Lacey,A.V. 

I St. John's Coll., Green Lanes, N 

I 2Phillips,I.I. 

I Eralyu Gram. S., Newcastle Emlyn 

I Ross.J. The Palace S., Bewdley 

I Sercombe,H.B. al. 

I St. Mary's Coll. Harlow 

I 2Smith,F.L. Brunswick H., Maidstone 

1 Wilding,J.M. s.a.al. 

\ Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

('Angell,J.W. al. 
I Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

I Boulton,N.V. s.a.al. 

I Norwich High S. for Boys 

Bnrbridge.J.H.G. Laugharne S., Southsea 
■ - - Rvde H., Ripley 

Barton S., Wisbech 
Shoreham Gram. S. 



Bewdley 
i Boulton, C.H.J, e.a.al.gm. 
I Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

I Boutlc,C.S. s. Dalkeith H., Anerley 

I Buchan,R.E.V. ^^ Steyne S., Worthing 
1 Evans,E.F. St. Peter's Choir 8., 

I EcclestonSt. East, S.W. 

I Marshalls3y,G.R. e. 

I Boys' High S., Wareham 

I Wenninger, C. P. gni.hk. 
\^ Wallingbrook 8., Chulmleigh 

l'Bacon,L.G. a.al. Tudor Hall, Hawkhurst 

I 2Bryant,A.E J. Margate Comm. S. 

I Mortiinore.L. Penketh School 

I Relfe,W.E. e.a.td. St. Leonards Coll. S. 

I Thomas, K. e.a.al. 

I Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

I Vigurs,J.T. ul. Newquay College 

I 2Williaras,M.R. Private tuition 

I Williams,R.M. g.al. 

\^ Manor H., Clapham Common 

/Daniels,G.A. 

I Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

Dickinson,J. c.l. Scarborough College 
2East,R. Brunswick H., Maidstone 

Rendell,S. J. St. Aubyn's, Woodford Green 
3Rowe,A. Chichester Gram. S. 

Wilmot.A.W. gni. 

\ Richmond Lodge, Torquay 

/'Birchain,R.F. e.h. CambridgeH., Norwich 
\ Evans,H. s.e. Newquay College 

1 Gardiner,S. Southport Modern S. 

1 Kightly.C.S. s. Shoreham Gram. 8. 

I =Koeen,W.H. »is. Castletown Gram. S. 
I Lane,M.W. al.f. St. Mary's H.,St. Heliers 
I Newman, A. W. 3111. 

Wellington Coll., Shropshire 



V.2Thurlow,R.G. 

^Benoliel,M. e.vl 

I Blake, A. L. e. 

I nCuthbert.R.V. 

I St. John's Coll. 



Gram. S., Ongar 

Margate Jewish Coll. 
Barton S., Wished 



Green Lanes. N 



1 Conisbee,E.G. 

] Cooper, R.H. e. 

I Linton, D.S.T. h. 

I Monk,N.C. s.e.al. 

] Schorne 8., North Marston, Winslow 

1 Norman, G.C. d. 

I Oxenford H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 

I Paterson,G. h.a.al. 

\ Finsbury Park Coll., Stoke Newington 

^Bland,E.M. Tollington Park Coll., X. 
I Camns.V.P. a. Gram. S., Ongar 

1 Croft R H. Chicester Gram. 8, 

IDews'.A.H. s. 

I St. Martin's Grain. S., Scarborough 

I Dicks, F.J.N. The Douglas S , Chelienhain 
] 2Donavan,C.A. St.AloysiusColl.,Highgate 
I Ellis, R.J. Chichester Gram. S 

I 2Hayton,H. Grosvenor Coll., Carlisle 

I Heril.S. a;. Oakes Inst, Walton, Liverpoo! 
i Kirton,R.C. Paddington High 8, 

I LeMoine.H.G. al.f. 

I St. Mary's H., St. Heliers 

I Millar,J.P. fi. 

Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 
Moon,F.W. The Modern 8., E. Grinstead 
Polhill.O.C. High 8. for Boys, Croydon 
=Treasure,G.W. 

Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
I Turner,A.R. Tollington Park Coll.. N. 
/Birch, W. a. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
1 Bumett.E.J. g. Steyne S., Worthing 

1 Buswell,A.L. Laugharne S., Southsea 
i Judge,J.H. 

I Montgomery Coll., Sharrow, Sheftield 
Moat O.K. a.al. Shoreham Gram. S. 

I 2Raseh,F.H.S. St. Helens Coll., Southsea 
] 2Smart,D.P. 

Brondesbury Coll.,Willesden Lane, N.\\ . 
] Smith.C.B. St. Aubyn's Woodford Green 
Sutton. W.D. a. Tollington Park Coll., N. 
] Warden-Stevens.B. al. TheCollege,Beccles 
I Witting,P.A. Weston-s.-Mare College 

\^Wilson,R.L. Shoreham Gram. S, 

l'Baldwin,H.F.G. c Steyne S., Worthing 
I Durtnell,C.S. al. Avenue H., Sevenoaks 
2Foster,A.S. OusegateS.,Selby 



('Ashton,F.R. e.ol. Avenue H., Sevenoaks 

1 Barring! on, R. 

1 Bickerton H., Birkdale, Southport 

I Dean,G.G. a. Shoreham Gram. S. 

I 2Ellison,C.O. Wellington Coll. .Shropshire 

I Galloway, W.J. a. 

I Bickerton H., Birkdale, Southport 

I Kalber,F.W. 

I The Jersey Modern S., St. Heliers 

I Marshall.W.H.W. 

I Brunswick H., Maidstone 

1 Milligan.J.H. Colebrook H , Bognor 

I Sheaves,E.G. al. St Mary's Coll., Hailow 

I Shuftlebottom,E. Academy, Crewe 

I Southgate,C.J. 

I Southampton Boys' Coll. & High 8. 

I Whitehead,J. 

V Kilgriraol 8., St. Annes-on-Sea 

/'Field,W.C.B. Scarborough College 

I Hodgson,T. D. s. Grosvenor Coll, Carlisle 

I Kingham,G.P. h. 

I Coll. S., London Rd., Reading 

1 Lewis,A.E. a.al. 

I SouthdowiiColl., Willingdon, Eastbourne 

1 Macaulay,J.H. a.al. 

\ Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

1 Norgate,R. s.a. Norwich High S. for Boya 

1 'Pealling,T.A. Tollington Park Coll., N. 

I Peckham,W.A. 

I ■ Southampton Boys' Coll. & High S. 

I Pontin,S.C.M. Highbury Park S., N. 

1 Rollinson.G.R.P. Scarborough Gram. S 

I Symonds,S.L. 

i Northgate S., Bury St Edmunds 

' Vigurs,R.C. al. Newquay College 

('^Atkinson.R.C. 

I St. Martin's Gram. 8., Scarborough 

I »Baxter,E.B. 

I Clifton Coll., North Shore, Blackpool 

I Cartledse,S. s. Shoreham Gram. S. 

I Cross, C"S. NorthgateS.,BuryStEdmnnd3 

I Fox.C.H. al. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

I =Gobey,L.F. Private tuition 

I Honeycoinbe,J.W.A. a. 

I The Modern S., B. Grinstead 

1 Sinclair,G.S. Ryde H., Kipley 

I »8ymes,J.E.L. 

I Stoke Road Middle Class S., Gosport 

VWalker,B. al. Wellington Coll.,Shropshire 

('Brooks.E.K. e.h. The Ferns, Thatcliain 
I Byrne, F.B. .'=. Shoreham Gram. S. 

I Cox,V.F.W. gm. Gram. S., Ongar 

I Down,L. Shoreham Gram. S. 

i Edwards,A-W. a.al. AvenueH., Sevenoaks 
I Garrett, H.F. d. High S. for Boys. Croydon 
I Kewley,J. Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 
1 King.H.R.E. e. Gram. S., Ongar 

I Page.P.C.H. The High 8., Brentwood 
I 2Warburton,J.B. 
1^ Chorlton-cum-Hardy Gram. S. 

('Alison.T.F. Belper Gram. 8. 

I Allan .R.BickertonH., Birkdale, Southpott 

1 2Allen,J. High 8. for Boys, Croydon 

I 2Buckland,J.A. WellingtonRd.S.,Taunton 

I Carpenter,E.R. d. 

I St. John's Coll., Green Lanes, N. 

I sCatchpole.F.E. The College, Beccles 

I 2Chandier,J.F.W. The Ferns. Thatcham 

1 Chubb,A.J.V. h. Campbell H., Gotham 

1 2De La Haye.N. 

I The Jersey Modern 8., St. Heliers 

I Farmer.J.V.W. Gram. 8., Bewdley 

I Foster.J.W. a. 

I St. Martin's Gram. 8., Scarborough 

I Gruart,A./. Hoe Gram. S., Plymouth 

I Harris.C. a.al. Newquay College 

I Hughes, L. al. 

I Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

\^Lewer,H.R. Shoreham Gram. 8. 

/Allen, W.H. Clark's Moderns., ForestGate 
I Andrew.J.W. Steyne S., Worthing 

I Bisson,C.J. .1. 

I Harleston H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 

I Bliss,D.G. d. The High S., Brentwood 
I Collingburn,J. al. Blackpool High S. 

I Cutler. W.A. 

I Richmond Park Coll. 8., Bournemouth 

I Defriez,E.H. Licensed Victuallers' S., 

Upper Kennington Lane, S.E, 



I Fardell,D.V 
; Ford,M.F. 
I Miller.A. 
I Morgan, L. 
I 2Richardson,J, 
1 Willie,L. 



The College, Beccles 

High 8., Torquay 

The Ferns, Thatcham 

Argyle H., Sunderland 

Colebrook H., Bognor 

Mount Radford S., Exeter 



i^Wise,W.S.<';. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

/'Bailey, J. Weston-s.-Mare College 

i 2Blackniore,W.A. 

St. Helens Coll., Southsea 
1 2Fretwell,A.R. Derwent H., Bamford 
I Halsall,C.R. a. 

I Bickerton H., Birkdale, Southpork 

1 Hare, P. V. Wellingtou Road S., Taunton 
I Hawkins,F.W. al. Comm. Coll., Acton 
I Holt,N.C. e. Clair-Val S., Gorey 



92 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Feb. 1, 1912. 



BOYS, 3rd Clas-s, pA^^i— Co ntituicd. 

"ManstieldjB. Beverley School, Barnes 

Newman, C.V.rf. a/. The College, Beccles 

Oppermann,E.G. TollingtonParkColl.,N. 

Raiuey, V.T.J. Gunuersbury S., Chiswick 

Robinson, F.W. 

Bickerton H., Birkdalc, Southport 

Stiles,K.C. a. Shoreham Gram. S. 

Taylor,J.W. a.al. 

Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

Weuninger,W.C. 
I Wallingbrook S., Chulinleigh 

I Williams, R.J.H. e. 
\^ Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

fCornwell, H. Shoreham Gram. S. 

I ''CrippSjH.A. Hoe Gram. S., Plymouth 
I Darnley,H.W. s. Shoreham Gram. S. 

I 2Lack,L.W. Gram. S., Ongar 

I 2Lyne,F.G. County S. for Boys, Ramsgate 
I Simpson, J. Greystoiies, Scarborough 

I Sinclair, W.K. aL Ryde H., Ripley 

] ^Spencer.H.D. Belper Gram. S. 

LWalker,J.H. Shoreham Gram. S. 



St. Leonard.s Coll. S. 

Peachtield, EUham 

Newquay College 



pBatty,D.H. 
I Bland.J.O.W. 
I Carter, D.R. 
2Dawson,T. 
j Fiusbnry Park Coll., Stoke Newington 
I Engerran.V.L. cd. 

I Arlington Park Coll., Chiswick 

I Gilkes.N.S. g. Dulwich College 

I G]azebrook,W.P. Shoreham Gram. S. 
I liicks.H. (d. Slioreham Gram. S. 

I Jolliffe.E.W. f(. Commercials., Maidstone 
I Murray, W.J. a/. Tollington Park Coll., N. 
I Robat]mn,L. s. 

Northgate S., Bury St. Ednumds 
VSmith,G.E. Southport Modern S. 

2Baker,J.W. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
Carbines, H. 

Oakes lust., AValton, Liverpool 
Carter, H.W. Norwich High S. for Boys 
2Carter,I.P. Newquay College 

2Clark,W.L. Lul worth H., Caerleon 

Crozier,J.G. Scarborough College 

Darling,L.S. Mount Radford S., Exeter 
Fordham,W.H.F. 

Manor H., Clapliam Common 
Gair.H. gm. Gram. S., Ongar 

2Land,E.L. Margate Gram. S. 

aPollard.J.C. Selwyn H., Hove 

Price, A. Wellington Coll., Shrop.shire 
Schonhut.H. d. 

Ruthin Coll., Eckiiigton, Shettield 
I Shirley,T.E.B. /. Shoreham Gram. S 

I van Heel, J. A. Monkton H., Streatham 
I Young,H.G. High S. for Boys, Croydon 

'Anderson, G. d. Norwich High S. for Boys 
Bagley.S.A. e. Gram. S., Ongar 

Broughton,O.G.E. Windsor H., Worthing 
Chapman, C.C. Richmond Lodge, Torquay 
Clayton, W.H.P.t/^. 

Bickerton H., Birkdale, Southport 
Collingwood,E.J. 

Gary Coll., Southend-on-Sea 
Down,R. al. Littleton H., Knovvle 

Firth, L.H. Scarborough College 

Freeman, G.W. 

Manor H., Clapham Common 
20gden,A.G. High S. for Boys, Croydon 
Tuhan,V.C. a.al. Priory Coll., Hornsey 
Watt,J.A. Shoreham Gram. S. 

^Woodham,R. al. Bourne Coll., Quinton 

Private tuition 
Richmond Hill School 
Richmond Hill School 
Chichester Gram. S. 
Commercial S., Maidstone 
Margate Giani. S. 
I Clarke, F.B. St. Aubyn's, Woodford Green 
1 Davies.U.V. Castle Hill S., West Ealing 
i 2Gregg,R.A. Margate Gram. S. 

I Lowe, A. SonthamptonBoys'Coll.&HiiihS. 
I Penman, CD. Shoreham Gram. S. 

I '^Saffery,L.G. Guunersbury S., Cliiswick 
LWyatt.K.S. Manor H., Clapham Common 



Atkinson, G.W. Scarborough Gram. S. 
Campa,A.A. Gram. S., Sale 

Davies,E C.H. The College, Beccles 

Foxton,A. St. Martin's Gram. S.,Scarboro 
Heaton,E.A. a. 

Kilgriniol S,, St. Anues-on-Sea 

Holdsworth.J.P. Tudor Hall,Hawkhurst 

Pickford.H.A. Shoreham Gram. S, 

Seward, J. B. 

I Thorn tonHeathS.,BenshamManorRd, 

I SiddalI,S.M. Tollington Park Coll., N. 

V, Williamson, H.E. Castletown Gram. S. 

rClayton,J.W. gm. Barton S., Wisbech 
I Conibear.L. Mount Radfunl S., Exeter 
Dobner.L.C. Margate Comm. S. 

Fordyce.H.M. Highbury Park S., N. 

2Gubbin,R.F. ManorH ,ClaphamCominon 
^Gulston.H.V. Margate Gram. S. 

Holt.,K.E. St. Aubyn's, Woodford Green 
Hounslow.H.A. Gram. S., Ongar 



f2Adams,B. 
Baker.C.J. 
1 2Baker,E.T. 
I Bew,J.A.R. 
I Bridges.H.J. 
I 2Caslake,F.L. 



I Hutton,S.C. e.a.flZ. Richmond Hill School 
I Johnson, W.l. hk. 

I Brunswick H., Maidslone 

I Lewthwaite.A.T Norwich HighS.forBoys 

Rogers, R.S. a. Oakes Inst., Walton, L'pool 

LWright.J.S. Southport Modern S. 

I Colbourne,A. Shoreham Gram. S. 

I Foy,E.R. St. Helens Coll., Southsea 

I Hickiubottom.F.W. 

I The Modern S., Streatham 

I 2King.C.L. d. Ryde H., Ripley 

I Lancaster,E.R. Laugharue 8., Southsea 

! Liptrot,F.W. Academy, Crewe 

i McArd.J.E. Castletown Gram. S. 

I 2RusseU,T.R. Bourne Coll., Quinton 

I 2Sheldon,R.E. Beliier Gram. S. 

I Stephen. J. 

I Bickerton H., Birkdale, Southport 

I Ward.A.R. al.hk. Highbury Park S., N. 

I Whiteley,S E. 

l^ Chorlton-cum-Hardy Gram. S. 

r Anderson, W.E. u. 

I Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

I Bew,R.E.M. Chichester Gram. S. 

j Bloomer.H.P. 

I Kilgrimol S., St. Annes-on-Sea 

I Booth, J. Grosvenor Coll., Carlisle 

I De LaRue.C.F. e.a.u/.. 

I Oxenford H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 

I Emmott.R.St.B. St. HelensColl., Southsea 

I Forsyth, D.C. St. Aubyn's, WoodfordGreen 

I Long.F.J.B.C. 

I Thornton Heath S.,Bensham Manor Rd. 

t Oakes,F.W. 

I St.Pet.er'sChoirS.,Eccleston St..East,S.W. 

I Poole,L.F. Littleton H., Kuowle 

I Rivers, W.H. d. 

I Kilgrimol S., St. Annes-on-Sea 

I Verrall.L.G. Comtnercial S., Maidstone 

I Wilsou,J.H.A. TheDouglasS., Cheltenham 

I Wilson, R. 

( Southport Comm. Coll. & Boys' Sec. S. 

I Wright,R.W. al. 

I Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

f Bodenham.S.W. Weston-s.-Mare College 
I 2DeCarteret,F.S. 

I Oxenford H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 

( Heal, F.W. Wellington Road S., Taunton 
I -'Knoblauch, C.U.A. 

I Lancaster Coll., W. Norwood 

I Ivuowlden,W.E. BrunswickH., Maidstone 
I Lawton.S. St. Leonards Coll. S. 

I Pike,H.W. s. Margate Comm. S. 

I Rainer,G.H. e.gm. 

I Thornton Heath S.,Bensham ManorRd. 
I Ratcliff.A. (/. Derwent H., Bamford 

2Spears,J.W. CoUegiateS.,WinchmoreHill 
I 2Swan,G.A. Margate Gram. S. 

I Wheaton,H. Wilton H., Exeter 

I 2Willard,S.J. St. Leonards Coll. S. 

LWright.E.N. Tudor Hall, Hawkhurst 

fButterworth,J.W. d. Academy, Crewe 
1 Cook.H.A. Cliftonville Coll., Margate 

I Gibson. H. e.h. The Mount S., Harrogate 

Green, E.V. 
SouthdownColl.,Wil]ingdon, Eastbourne 

2Grey,J.M. Skerry'sColl.,Newcastle-on-T. 

Heywood,W.J. a. 

Chorlton-cum-Hardy Gram. S. 

Marshall, C. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
i 3Mould,L.A. 

1 St.Peter'sChoirS.,EcclestonSt.East,S.W. 
I Neame,T.W. a.cd. 

I Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

I Roudel.A.C. 

i Harleston H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 

l^Walker.J.L.G. s. Shoreham Gram. S. 

rBest.F.F. a.(d. 

I Chorlton-cum-Hardy Gram. S. 

I 2Bree,C.H. 

I Oxenford H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 

I Brewer,C.H. Newquay College 

I England, H. Barton S., Wisbech 

I Harding, V.L.W^. Weston-s.-Mare College 

Hayward,G.W. 
I Arlington Park Coll., Cliiswick 

I 2Martin,H.E. Commercial S., Maidstone 
I Nyren,C.V. a. High S. for Boys, Croydon 
I Pierce, F.C. Oakeslnst., Walton, Liverpool 
I Randall, R.H.L. 
I The Modern S., E. Grinstead 

I Salmon, C.C. d. Bridlington College 

1 Torrance, R.G. Margate Gram. S. 

I Wightwick.R.S. 
1^ Tankerton Coll., Whitstable 

f2Barker,L.T. Greystones, Scarborough 
Barton, W.J. al. 

Oakeslnst., Walton, Liverpool 
Bolchover,C. Victoria Park S., Manchester 
Bonyun,F.V. High S. for Boys, Croydon 
Cartwright.R.K. DerwentH., Bamford 
Chubb.A.C.R. Shoreham Gram. S. 

2Cleverdoii,C. Steyne S., Worthing 

Hake,C.W. Richmond Hill Schun] 

Haslam.R.H. Blackpool High S 

2Hook,P.W. Avenue H., Seveuoaks 



I Hughes.E.C. Penketh School 

I Jones, E.L.B. ol. Avenue H., Seveuoaks 

I Moyse,M. The High S., Brentwood 

I Pinks,A. St. Peter's Choir S., 

i Eccleston St. East, S.W. 

( Seward, W.H. 

I Thornton Heath S., Benshaui Manor Rd. 

I ~Tirten,W.L. Grosvenor Coll., Carlisle 

I Walker,L.W. Scarborough College 

I Wortley,C.E. 

L ThorntonHeath S. , Bensham Manor Rd. 

fBarnes,R. s. Grosvenor Coll., Carlisle 

I Brown, G.H. 

i Clifton Coll., North Shore, Blackpool 

I Clark, J. St. Michael's S., Hitchin 

I Coates,D.M. KilgrimolS.,St.Annes-on-Sea 

I Cole.D.D.W. Peachfield, Eltham 

I Curties,S.L. 

I Thornton Heath S., Bensham Manor Rd. 

I Hurst,J. hk. Grosvenor Coll., Carlisle 

i Mellor.F.S. e. 

I Southport Comm. Coll. & Sec. S. 

I 2Paterson,R.A. Gram. S., East Finchley 

I Sankey.W.C. Margate Comm. S. 

L. Walsh, A.G. Oakeslnst., Walton.Liverpool 

f Amos, A. J. A. ManorH., ClaphamCommon 
1 Berry,E.C. Gram. S., Ongar 

I Board, R.D. s. Westou-s.-Mare Coll. 

I Dickins,F.R. s. 

I SchorneS., North Marston, Winslow 
I Eckcrsley,C.R.F. Gram. S., Sale 

I Gill,E. Chorlton-cum-Hardy Gram. S. 
I Gloster,A.E. Ryde H., Ripley 

Goulbourn.R.H. 

Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

Hodg.son,A.E.S. 

Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
j Jones, R.D. Gram. S., Ongar 

I 2Mancey,L.W. High S. for Boys, Croydon 
I 2Martin,H.G. - Margate Gram. S 

I Newton, H., Hightield S., Muswell Hill 
I Payne, R. Weston-s.-Mare College 

I Poole, S. Kilgrimol S., St. Annes-on-Sea 
I Whitehouse,T.C. «. Castletown Gram. S. 
I Wooldridge.S.W. 
L Beucroft H., Muswell Hill 

f Blenkiron,A.V. HigliS. for Boys, Croydon 
Cass,G.W.G. Scarbcrough College 

Davison, E.T. Monkton H., Streatham 
2Dickins,A.J,E. 

Schorne S., North Marston, Winslow 
Labern,A.R. The College, Beccle.*; 

Pattinson.T. Oakeslnst., Walton, Liverpool 
Bobbins, W.B. The High S., Brentwood 
Scott,R.H. Castle Hill S.. We.st Ealing 
Tollemache.D. e. Shoreham Gram. S. 

,.Willsou,C.V. St. Aubyn's,Woodford Green 

i'Ashley,D. Margate Jewish Coll. 

Barntield,B. Gram. S., Bewdley 

Bradley, G. Western Coll., Harrogate 

Chapman, C.H. Gram. S., Sale 

Dalton,R.M. St. Leonards Coll. S. 

Farmer,E.G.W. Weston-s.-Mare College 

I Hartley,E. 

] Bickerton H., Birkdale, Southport 

I Ledson,C. a. Oakes Inst., Walton, L'pool 

! Meadowcroft.A. 

I Clifton Coll., North Shore, Blackpool 

j Moore.B.H, Bourne Coll., yuinton 

I Robsou,R.W. 

I Oakeslnst., Walton, Liverpool 

I Rowe,J. (r. Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

I 2Vine,H.J. Private tuition 

j Winiams,T.W. cd. 

[^ Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

rAdams,C. Chichester Gram. S, 

1 2Ashford,S.D.F. 

Waterlooville Coll., Cosham 
Chipp,F.C. Tollington Park Coll., N. 

Clayton, B.F. Paddington High S. 

Clegg.J. Kilgrimol S., St. Annes-on-Sea 
Gibson.J.R.R. LeightonHallS.,Carnforth 
Harrison, H. DerwentH., Bamford 

Jones-Howell, A. C. Littleton H., Knowle 
Nightingale,W.G. 

Leighton Hall S., Carnforth 
Ormiston.W.R. Grosvenor Coll., Carlisle 
20yler,0.G. Holt H., Cheshunt 

Sallai.V. e.f. St. James' Coll. S.,St.Heliers 
Smith, H. High S. for Boys, Croydon 

2St.John,H.R. Henfield Gram. S. 

Sykes,T.L.T. Holt H., Cheshunt 

Thompson, F.N.E. s. Scarborough College 
Wheildon,E.D. Tollington Park Coll., N. 
Wiles.J.R.R. Chichester Gram. S. 

LWright,W.M. Scarborough Gram. S. 

fBainbridge,E.A. 

1 Oakes Inst.. Walton, Liveri)Ool 

I Bnck.M.W. Paddington High S. 

I Dale, E. A. Chorlton-cum-Hardy Gram. S. 

I Ellison, B.J. e. Cambridge H., Norwich 

I Gugenheimer.J. ge. 

I St. John's Coll., Green Lanes, N. 

I Lawes,R.F. Paddington High S. 

I Mundy.A.V. 

1 Oxenford H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 

I Rabbetts.C.H. Raleigh Coll., Brixton 



I Sharp,N.T.C. a.cd. 

I Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

I Simonsen,T.C. Colebrook H,, Bogntir 
I 2Walmsley,R.Y. Margate Gram. 8. 

Willetts.L. Southend Gram. S. 

l^YoungjC. id. Southend Gram. S. 

fCooper,W.H. Beverley School, Barnes 
Duck,W.M. Gram. S., Ongar 

Dyer,K. St. Leonard.s Coll. S. 

Harrison, T. Leighton Hall S., Carnforth 
Jones, L. St. Leonaids Coll. S. 

Lambert,S. a. Brompton Boys' 3., 

The Churchyaid, Brompton 
Manning, G. d. High S. for Boys, Croydon 
Morgan, K.J. The Douglas S., Cheltenham 
Mouland.W.E. e. 

Southampton Boys' Coll. and Higli S. 
Peacocke,W.T. 

Bickerton H., Birkdale, Southport 
Tims,R.J. e. Manor H., Clapham Common 
2Wood,H.L. Avenue H., Seveuoaks 

2Barden,G.W. St. Leonards Coll. S. 

Hewitsou, D.A.J. NorwichHighS. for Boys 
Lett,G.O. 

Richmond Park Coll. S., Bournemouth 
Littlebov,V.H. Norwich HighS. for Boys 
McCreary,F.L. St. Peter's Choir S., 

Eccleston St. East, S.W. 
Moar.A.J.J. Littleton House, Knowln 
Muggleton,C.F. HighS. for Boys, Croydon 
LPickworth,J. The Palace S., Bewdley 

Bousfield,H.H. Grosvenor Coll., Carlisle 

2CartwriL;ht,H.C. Derwent H., Bamford 

Clat worthy, H.E. Mary Street H., Taunton 

Crowther,R. Greystones, Scarborough 

Gape,A.F. Clair-Val S., Gorey 

2Gaster,A.E. Maida ValeS., W. 

I Gray,K.H. Castle Hill S., West Ealing 

( Jennings, C.E. 5. Margate Comm. S. 

I Lalouette,P.A.H. s. Margate^ Comm. S. 

i Nunn,F.M. Norwich High S. for Boys 

Powlesland,N.W. 
1 Wallingbrook S., Chulmleigh 

I Ramsay, W.A. Norwich HighS. for Boys 
I 2aandercock,C.L. Newquay College 

I Taylor, W.N. Castletown Gram. S. 

I Thomas, J. P. Gram. S., Bewdley 

I Watson,L.A. 

I Southport Comm. Coll. & Sec. S. 

LWild,R.E. Shoreham Gram. S. 

"Ashdown,O.W. 

Wallingbrook S., Chulmleigh 
Church, L. Tankerton Con.,:Whitstab]e 
Earle.G.H. s. Mary Street H., Taunton 
Edwards, I. D. Chichester Gram. S. 

2Green,L).B. Christ Coll., Blackheath 
Kenshole.T.R. 

Kingsholm S., Weston-s.-Maic 
I Land,E.W. Gram. S., Ongar 

I Rudge,A.E. Mary Street H., Taunton 
LSalt.E.O. Leighton Hall S., Carnforth 

'Adams, R.J. 

Southport Comm. Coll. & Sec. S. 
Broomfield.H.W. 

Kingsholm S.. Weston-s -Mare 
Harbord,A.E. 

W^allingbrook S., Chulmleigh 
Lander.L.C. Tollington Park Coll., N. 
Morgan, G.A. Gram. S., Ongar 

Palnier,W.E.R. 

St. Aubyn's, Woodford Greeu 
j Rayner.J.W. Maida Vale S., W. 

I 8haw,A.G. Manor H., Clapham Common 
I 2Steward,H.C. High S. for Boys, Croydon 
I Washington,W.F. 

I High S. for Boys, Croydon 

I Williams.A. 
l^ Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

f Asbridge,T. Grosvenor Coll., Carlisle 

1 Austen, T.G. Slargate Comm. S. 

Davis.G.J. Tudor Hall, Hawkhurst 

I 2pulford,W.W. Highheld S., Muswell Hill 
1 Raby,J.N. Hoe Gram. S., Plymouth 

1 Travis, J. L. Victoria ParkS., Manchester 
i Wood.C.B. 
l^ Southport Comm. Coll. & Sec. S. 

Bailey.G.B. 

Arlington H., Caerau Park, Newport 
Batcheller,S.C. Tudor Hall, Hawkhurst 
'-Boorman,R.C. Commercials., Maidstone 
Collinson,A.F.R. 

Cliftonville Coll., Margate 
2Crowther,J.F.A. 

St. Martin's Gram. S., Scarborough 
Fisher,H.B. HoltH., Cheshunt 

Gavey.A.J. 

Oxenford H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 
Hooker, A. H. Brunswick H., Maidstone 
Kirkham,J.D. Gram. S., Bewdley 

McClay.A.R. 

Oakes Inst.. Walton, Liverpool 

Naylor,A.W. Scarborough College 

0'dell,C. W. Waterlooville Coll, , Cosham 

Ralling,S.T.L. d. Wilton H., Exeter 

LTerheggen.H. Grosvenor Coll., Carlisle 



Feb. 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



93 



BOYS. 3BD Class, Fash— Continiieit. 
I Ahier.O. /. Charing Cross S., St. Heliers 
I Bricknell.E.J. Clair- Val S., Gorey 

I Chaii.K. W. Muunt Radford S., Exeter 
I Swiffeii.C.R. 

I Montgomery Coll., Sharrow, Sliettield 
I Taylor.G.D. ArlingtonParkColL.Chiswick 
j Thedham.C.R. 
L Finsbury Park Coll., Stuke Newiiigton 

CBegbie.I.M. Wellinginn Road 8., Taunton 
i BuUworthy.SE. Priory Coll., Hornsey 
I Burrell,A.G. Slioreham Gram. S. 

I Cookesley.G. a. We.ston-s.-Mare College 
I Marshall, G.E. Shoreham Gram. S. 

I Miller, J. H. Grevstones, Scarborough 

I OXeary.F. " PeacliHeld. Eltham 

I Record, V.G. Brunswick H., Maidstone 
LStanley.W. Gram. S., Ongar 

/'Barrington,W.All Saints Choir S., Clifton 
I Daniels.P.F. Norwich High S. for Boys 
Greystones, Scarborough 
St. Leonards Coll. S. 
St. Placid'.s, Ramsgate 



I Jarnian,S.T. 
I Pierce, T.G.L. 
Smith, P.H.A. 
I Watkm'i.E.A. 
I Thornton Heath S.,Bensham .Manor Rd. 
I Whitelock,R.B. 
V Southport Comm. Coll. & Sec. S. 

/'A}tbey,H.S. Priory Coll., Hornsey 

1 Blurton.E.B. Cliftonville Coll., Margate 



I Bond,G.P. Lancaster Coll., W. Norwood 

1 Cuttle,H. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

! d'A]maine,du Roy 

I Fauntleroy, St. Leouards-on-Sea 

1 Deusham.W.J. Margate Comm. S 

I Farley, L.R. Chichester Gram. S, 

I Featherstone,F.W.McW. 

! Manor H. , Clapham Common 

I Rolls,C.W. Bencroft H., Muswell Hill 

I Walters, W.J.G. 

) Manor H., Clapham Common 

I Watsou,H.W.H. 

1 Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

l,2West,G. Private tuition 



'Fieldhouse.H.M. 

Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
Gritten,E.M.T. 

Manor H., Clapham Common 
Harris, K.M. WellingtonRoad.S., Taunton 
Marshall, CE.W. d. 

Southport Comm. Coll. & Sec. S. 
Norfolk, E.L. Laugharne S., Soutlisea 
Potter,H.T. 

Northgate S., Bury St. Edmunds 
Powell,A.L. 

Arlington H., Caerau Park, Newport 
Sinipson,J.E. Greystones, Scarborough 
-.Strangeway,L.A. 

Western Coll., Harrcgate 
tTc>dd,D. The College, Beccles 



rAriff.I.G.H. Ightham Rectory 

I Bew,T.C. Chichester Gram. S. 

I 2Bnckley,A.W. Ashland High S., Wigan 
2Evans,B. Old College S., Carmarthen 
Nevard,B.H. St. John's Coll., Brixton 
Penfold,F.H. High S. for Boys, Croydon 
Polyblank,W.P. Gram. S., Ongar 

Senior,J-B. 

Arlington H., Caerau Park, Newport 
Way,G.B.C. St. Helens Coll., Southsea 
Webster.M.E. 

Cakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 

^,Williams,R.C.WellingtonColl.,Shropshire 



/'Snowden,R.H. 
VWilliams,G.D. 



Graui. S., Ongar 
Scarborough Gram. S 



('Brown,S.R. York H., Reading 

I 2Eckford,C.G. Margate Gram. S. 

I Knhring,W.J. Fairlawn S., Leytonstone 
I Parslow,H.H. Scarborough College 

VSwinney,G.E. Waterlooville Coll.,Cosliam 

/■Cooper, A. F. 

I Ruthin Coll., Eckington, Sheflield 

I Dunn,L.F.R. Monkton H., Streatham 
I Hemmerde,C.E. Gram. S., Ongar 

VHibbs.G.S. Boys' High S., Wareham 

rCliillon,O.H. Maida Vale S., W. 

I ColliTis,A.E.L. Tudor Hall, Hawkhurst 



I Curtis, A. Beverley Sciioo], Barnes 

i Marklew,LG. All Saints' ChoirS., Clifton 
I McOwan,J. Corner H., Godstone 

I Siddiqui,B.A. ManorH.,ClaphainCommon 
LWatkinSjA.S.H. Shoreham Gram. S. 



rBatten.A.J.O. ,St. Peter'a Choir S.. 

1 EcclestonSt. East, S.W. 

1 Holmes, A. 

I Southport Comm. Coll. & Sec. S. 

I Lowe.H.F. EUesmere S., Harrogate 

I Stewart,C.W. 

L Oakes Inst., Walton, Liverpool 



|'Dade,O.P. The College, Beccles 

[ Gloag,J. Beverley School, Barnes 

I Hamel,F.C. Newquay College 

I Holden,J.B. Leighton Hall S., Carnfortli 
LWinterburn,R. EUesmere S., Harrogate 

f Driver,H. The College, Beccles 

I Newmarch,G.L. St.Helens Coll., Southsea 
LPenney,D.C. Laugharne S., Southsea 

/'Corn ford, L. P. SteyneS., Worthing 

I Grennan,G. 

V Southport Comm. Coll. & Sec. S. 

Walker, D.S. 

Clark's Coll., Uxbridge Road, W. 



CLASS LIST — GIRLS. 



(For list of abbreviations, see page 88.) 



FIRST CLASS [or SENIOR}. 
Honours Division, 

yokes,C.'S\. s.cJi.uM.j.lt J. 

Crouch End High S., Hornsey 
Biggs, CM. s.e.a.f.d. 

Crouch End High S., Hornsey 



FIRST CLASS [or SENIOR^, 

Pass Division, 

Pole,J.T. s.h. 

Collegiate Schools, Wiuchniore Hill 
Giiffiths.M. .<i.€.a.u:do. 

Advanced Elem. Girls' S.,Merthyr Tydlil 

Harty.U.M. s.f.do. 

English High S.forGirls, Constantinople 

fDodsworth.V.A. s.g.do. Private tuition 

l~Winbusli,D.E, s.e.n.d. PiivaLe tuition 

Doubleday.M. s.e. 

Grasmere, Appledore, Ashford 
rHavty.H- '- FriernManorColl.,E.DuIwich 
^Suinniers,M.E.R./. 

Redclirte H.,-E. Southsea 
Harrison, D.G. s.d«. 

Crouch End High S., Hornsey 
Wateiliouse.E.L. 

St. Joseph's Coll. S., Totland Bay 
Pape.H.S. e. Rock Hill S., Chulmleigh 
Lewis,M. e. 

Advanced Elem. Girls' S.,Merthyr Tydfil 

Hubert F.L./. St. Janies'Ladies'S., Jersey 

Davie.s.M. Edith rfo. 

Advanced Elem. Girls' S.,Merthyr Tydfil 

^Brauer.E. A. /.gc.(f. Private tuition 

I Inayetian,A. s.e./.f^o. 

^ English High S. for Girls,Constantinople 

Lunt,N.E. s.do. Private tuition 

Travis, K. s.e.do. Norma S., Waterloo 

/'Andrews.M.P. s. The Roystons, Penge 

VEvans.E. ch. Private tuition 



Xaouni.A. s. 

Engli.sh High S. for Girls, Constantinople 
EvanSjN. Private tuition 

VasiliadeSjA. 

English High S. for Girls, Constantinople 
SkeateSjE W. 

Friern Manor Coll., E. Dnlwich 
PapaziaUjA. f. 

English High S. for Girls, Constantinople 
Jones,M.H. 

Advanced Elem. Girls' S., Merthyr Tydfil 
I'Cabedo.M. 

1 LoretoConv,,St.FrancisXavier s, Gibraltar 
I Hebblethwaite,F.M. d. 

^LewiSjB. 



Liverpool Coll., Huyton 



I Advanced Elem. Girls'S.,MerthyrTydfil 
LThoinas,G. ch. Private tuition 

Edwards, A. L. e.do. 

Clark's Coll., Newport Rd.. Cardiff 
\Vest,E.P. Rock Hill S., Chulmleigh 

SimcoXjA.W. Private tuition 

Mattliews.V. s. Private tuition 

Jones, M.E. a. Private tuition 

Little, A.M. do. Gilareiige S., Eastbourne 
Naftel,S. e.d. Liverpool Coll., Huyton 
^Owen,J. Private tuition 

I Vignot,M. 

V English High S.forGirls, Constantinople 
/'Hoskins,F.G. Private tuition 

Vjames,G.A. Private tuition 

f Bamlett,E.M. do. Private tuition 

'-Pany.J. Llanon Council 3. 

,^ Russell, M.H. s. Private tuition 

Vstephens,E.A. Private tuition 

f Davies,A.M. 

I Advanced Elem. Girls' S., Merthyr Tydfil 
'-RobertSjSr. Holyhead County S. 

Lew is, M. 
English High S.forGirls, Constantinople 
,^Banger,G.M.A. Private tuition 

I Clark,N. s. Ladies' Coll. S., Tavistock 
^Steele, B. Piivate tuition 

/-Farrimond.F.M. Private tuition 

I Rider,M.S. Leeds Girls' High S. 

'^Williams, K. Private tuition 



fAucottjM.K. St. Dunstan's Coll., Margate 
^GoodalljJ. Private tuition 

Rowlands, S. A. 

Advanced Elem. Girls" S., Merthyr Tydfil 

('Dealtry,A.J. Private tuition 

I Jones,M.A. Llanon Council S. 

VWolstenholme.L. Private tuition 

Moiuitford,M.H. Private tuition 

Harries.J.B. 

Tutorial S., New Quay, Cardigan 

fDenison.D A. Leeds Girls' High S, 

^RawIing,M. Private tuition 

f Kilgour,D. Private tuition 

'^Tilley.M.L Pengweru Coll., Cheltenham 

Hill.M. Pengweru Coll., Cheltenham 

Laycock,H, Pengweru Coll., Clieltenham 

Marsliall.M. Victoria Coll., Belfast 

Evans.R. Old College S., Carmarthen 



Bobby.M.M. a\ Entry H., Diss 

Tanner,G.M. s.juw. Bourne H., Eastbourne 
Savill,M.M. s.e.k.f. Entry H., Diss 

Tapp,M.I. g./.d. Girls' High S., Taunton 
Franks, Y. s.mw. Conway H., Faro borough 
Middleton.K. s.g. Girls' High S., Taunton 



SECOND CLASS [or JUNIOR]. 

Honours Division, 

Biggs, I. L. s.e.a.f.d. 

Crouch End High S., Hornsey 
Saul, W. E.L. s.f.d.imi. 

Down Ends., Clifton 
Lane,E.E. e.f.mu. 

SteyneGiris" High S., Worthing 
/'Browning,E. s.e.g.f. 

I Claremont Girls' S., Bath 

I Kendrick,M.E. s.d. 

\^ Oakover Girls' S., Burnham 

f Diamant.N. ge. 

1 English High S. for Girls, Constantinople 
I Tidswell,A.C. s.f.mu. 
L Hollygirt, Nottingham 

Batley,B.V. s.e.f. 

Steyne Girls' High S., Worthing 
Policar,M./, 

English High S. for Girls, Constantinople 
/'Brinkman.P.L. s.do. 
I Crouch End High S., Hornsey 

! Marshall, G.M./»u(. 
^ Hollygirt, Nottingham 



SECOND CLASS 'or JUNIOR], 

Pass Division, 

iGunton.H.C. s. 

Grasmere, Appledore, Ashford 
iHawsoUjD. do. 

Ravensworth S. for Girls, Scarboro' 
I'Greenway.D.M.OakoverGirls'S., Burnham 
I Taylor,S.B. 
L Stapleton Hall S., Crouch Hill 

Skinner.H.M. 

St. Hilda's, Beltinge. Heme Bay 

rBibby,F.K. .y. Entry H., Diss 

I Butrerfield,E.R./. High S.,Waltham Cross 
VGradwell.M.G.A. s.f. Private tuition 

Cartar.C. I. s.h. Howard Coll., Bedford 
Pyle,H.E. Garden S., Peckham Rye 

Oxford,E.R./.mw. 

GranvillfiColI., M'. Croydon 
('Clark.K.A. . Laton H., Hastings 

LCowdroy,M.D. Elm H., Ealing 

Warrington, N. s. Bridge H , Sandbach 
Newbery,M. d. Wellington Coll., Hastings 

^lDavies,G. iv.do. Private tuition 

1 WhittingtOii,R.D.S. d. 

V St. Helens S., Streatham 

f Chauntler,D.L./l Streatham Modern Coll. 
I Hall.A.D./. Private tuition 

Vlassopoulo,A. /. 
L English High S. for Girls, Constantinople 

Poulton,F.K. s. 

Academy of the New Church, Brixton 

f Jenkinson,D.M. d. 

I Longsight H., Hornchurch 

I Munton.W.N. Towcester School 

I Pearman, M.G.I, s.e.f. 

I Calleva H., Wallingford-on-TIiames 

I Vinicombe,V.K. 

I, English High S. for Girls, Constantinople 



94 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Feb. 1, 1912. 



GIRLS, 2nd Class, Pass.— Contimted. 
Crawford, J. Private tnition 

Underwood, E.M./. St. Leonards, Ealing 
rBiggar,E.M. «. 

I Stapleton Hall S., Croucli Hill 

I lCroucli,A.L. Ryde H , Riploy 

I Hunter, M. s. Hill Croft S., Bentliam 

I, Jackson, K.M. rf. St. Helena S.,Streathani 



Hill Croft S., Bentliam 
Glenarm Coll., Ilford 

Private tuition 

Hill Croft S., Bentliam 

Harley S., Hereford 



rBillham,E.M. 
LLever,B.M. 

(' Andrews, L.M. 
I Baddeley,B.K./. 
l.Peltigrew,F.E. 

fiGould,B.A. West View S., AlstoneHeld 
l.Lloyd,N. d. SteyneGirls'HighS.,Wortliing 

r Hotting, A. L.E. s. Gram. S., Cowfold 

I Morley.F.L. s. 

I St. Mary Cliurcli High S., Torquay 

I Robinson, W. E. s. Private tuition 

I Seferian.J.M. /. 

l^ Englisli Higii S.for Girls, Constantinople 

fBryan,K.M. mu. 

] Oakover Girls' S., Burnhani 

LVerinder,G.L. /. Holmwood S., Sidcup 

fLevi.E.L. ./■. 

I English High S.for Girls, Constantinople 

l,iRoberts,J. Private tuition 

Garner.A. A. F.s. Rock Hill S., Cliulmleigh 

Private tuition 

English High S. for Girls, 

Constantinople 

English High S. for Girls. 

Constantinople 

Private tuition 

AJleyn Coll., Margate 

Southernhay S. , Exeter 

rHancock,M.G. 

I Crouch End High S., Horusey 

I Mason, A.L.G./. 

L Dudley H. , Stoke Newington 

("Butcher.D.M. Finsbury Park High S. 
LGonld,S.E. West View S., Alstonelield 

r'Cole.P.M. Harley S. , Hereford 

I Waller, D.K./. 

I Richmond Park Coll. S., Bournemouth 
I Wheeler, D.M, 
L St. Joseph's Coll. S., Totland Bay 

Cooper,E. Streathani Modern Coll 

CFowles,?. Claughton Coll., Romford 

LHodgson,D. d.rfo. Norma S., Waterloo 

( iPrice,J. Private tuition 

I Sandler.G.C./. 

I English Higli S. for Girls, Constantinople 

I Stanibollian,Z.J./. 

I English High S. for Girls, Constantinople 



rHall,A.A./. 
! Ramsay, C. 

Harty,E.M. 

(-iGreenfield,J.A. 

Meyrick,A. M. 
LiWilliams,K.M. 



fBentley.N. 
I Cottrell.N. 
LMayne,E.K.I. 



H 



Baliol S., Sedbergli 

II Croft S., Bentham 

Private tuitioi: 



/'iParkes,R. Private tuition 

1 Usher,E.A. Private tuition 

I IWycherly,!. 
L High S., Westminster St., Crewe 

f'Ausell,G.M. Alexandra Coll., Shirley 

I Ferrer,D.M. s. The Poplars, Small Heath 

I Hatswell,D.M. 

I Glenthorne S. for Girls, Redland 

I Hemsworth.E.C. 

L Upper Standard S., Pontypridd 



CJollyinan,W.M. /. 

I Leigh Girls' Coll., Leigli-on.Sea 

I Lagan, B. TlieNewlandsConv.,Middle3bro' 

i Owen,E.E. Norton Lodge, Small Heath 

I Smith, H. d. 

L Conv. of the Ladies of Mary, Scarboro' 

rHale,D.F. Claughton Coll., Romford 

L Lawrence, D.M.OakoverGirls'S., Burnhani 

f Frazer,D.M. /. Montpelier H., Brentwood 
l^Mossop,M. Norma S,, Waterloo 

f' Bichard , A. M./. St. James'Ladies'S. , Jersey 
I Glanvill,A.P. Glenarm Coll., Ilford 

I Goodman, E.M. Ryde H., Ripley 

I iJeskins,J. Private tuition 

LKeegan,M. St. Mary's R.C. S., Cannock 

fBllis.D. Hollygirt, Nottingham 

I lGriftiths,G. do. Private tuition 

I lMarsden,C.A. Private tuition 

I Miles,E.F M. /, Claremont Coll.,Corsham 
I Reddeclitre,E. f/. Ladies'Coll.S.,Tavistock 
I Sellers,M.E. 

I Ravensworth S. for Girls, Scarborough 
l^lWilliains,A. Private tuition 

r Da Costa, A. G. Minerva Coll., Dover 

LVeale,F. s. Ladies' Coll. S., Tavistock 



Ryde H., Ripley 
S.E. 



('Bolanchi,E. 

I Sedgley,D.M. s. 

L The Dulwich Hamlet Girls' S, 



I'Marchant.D.L. 
I High S., 

LTyrrell,G.M. 



('Avery,F.M.L. s. 
I EUis.F.M.E. 
LScore,N.G./. 



Buxton Rd., Chingford 
Entry H., Diss 

Private tuition 
St. Helens S., Streatliair. 
High S., Walthani Cross 



Scarborough, A. Milton H., Sunderland 
Lascelles, D.G. 

Steyne Girls' High S., Wortliiug 
iHopkins,R.A. Private tuition 

Cleeton,F.E. 

Heath Hayeslnfants Council S., Cannock 
Lanceley,G. /. Private tuition 



rBeck.G.M. 
LMurray,K.L. 



LongsightH., Hornchurch 
Hill Croft S., Benthan 



f Bisson,E.M./. St. James' Ladies S.,Jer.sey 

l^lDavies,S. Private tuition 

Griffiths, A. /. Old College S., Carmarthen 



Private tuition 

Westminster St., Crewe 

Ryde H., Ripley 

Highcroft S., Barry 



f 'Farrant.W.L. d. Private tuition^ 

I 'Fletcher.C.J. Private tuition 

1 Mason, D. 

i Scarisbrick Coll., Birkdale, Southport 
L*Roberts,A. Private tuition 



AUeyn Coll., Margate 
Private tuition 



CAnselUD.M. 

I Duftett,M. 

1 Hansard, L.M, 

I Gosberton Hall Coll., nr. Spalding 

I Le Gros,E.J. s.f. 

L The Crown S., St. Martin's, Jersej' 

("Fraser,E.S. Private tuition 

I Pipcr,E.W. /. Wellington Coll., Hastings 
LPridmore.F. Private tuition 

f''lIardman,E.E. Inglewood S., Mobberley 
I •Kendrick,A.L. Private tuition 

I Oram,S.M. /. Wellington Coll., Hastings 
LSturgeon,LM. Westbank S., Dulwich 

|-Baker,M.S. Elm H., Ealing 

I Caldwell,B.E.rf. Garden S.,PeckhamBye 
I CasteUi,M.N./. 
I.. EnglishHighS. forG irls,Con8tantiDople 

f Fail Held, J. M. Minerva Coll., Dover 

I 'Kell,L Private tuition 

LiPerryman,L. do. Private tuition 

rSmith.M. 

i Conv. of the Ladies of Mary, Scarboro' 

I iTaylor,E.M. PengwernColl., Cheltenham 

lWebb,F.M. - Private tuition 

Lwhiting.D. Kyde H., Ripley 



Sandbach,W. 

rlChilds.M.E. 
I HighS., 

I Sherbon,D. mu. 
LThomas,C. 

( Arthurs,G.B.StapletonHall S.,CrouehHill 
LK;indt,L.L. CambridgeH.,CanidenRd.,N. 
Cock, E.M. St. Joseph's Conv., Red Hill 
Walters,A. Ladies' Coll. S., Tavistock 
Raywood,P.G. Harley S., Hereford 

iParker,B. Private tuition 

Woollcott,E.C. 

The Dulwich Hamlet Girls' S., S.E. 
Reeves,M. 

Beulah House High S. , Upper Tooting 
Savage,M.A.K. Tintern H., Forest Hill 
Regan,M.TlieNewlandsConv.,Middlesbro' 
Needle,R.M. Gram. S., Cowfold 

John,M. Old College S., Carmarthen 

Harvey, G.H. Whitville Coll. .Nottingham 
Davies,M.H. London Coll., Goodmayes 
Murray,J. Aston Park .S., Birmingham 



THIRD CLASS, 



Honours Division, 

Dernersessian,S. s.e.al.gm. 

EnglishHighS. forGirls, Constantinople 
Dell,D.H. .s./i.(i. 

Crouch End High S., Hornsey 
Muuster,A.L. s.e./. 

Upper Grove S. , S. Norwood 
Harvey, M. A. s.e.h.g.a.al. 

Steyne Girls' High S., Worthing 
Allbon,G.A. s.a.al. 

Crouch End High 8., Hornsey 
Re(relI,C.M. mi/. Ryde H., Ripley 

Friday, E.M. t.h.a.aJ. 

Garden S., Peckliam Rye 
Rasell.M.E. t.J.d. EastropH., Chichester 
Randall,E. nl.ciin. Penketli Scliool 

Walton, D.s.f.Girls'Gram.S.,Levenshulme 
Sutclifle,D. s.t.tj.n. Pencraig S., Newport 
Hcath,G.M. s.h. 

Steyne Girls' High S., Worthing 



('CIayson,P.M. e./i. 

I Crouch End High S., Hornsey 

I Holmcs,O.S. 

I English High S.for Girls, Constantinople 
I Vickers,L.M. s.h. 

L Roanoke Coll. S., Palmer's Green 

Crookes,M.E. e. 

Hillside Modern S., Wealdstone 
rHogg,E.V. .5.(7.(1. <(. Ryde H., Ripley 

I Papa(iopoulo,A. e. 
L English High S.for Girls, Constantinople 

fAslin,G.E. s. CrouchEndHiffliS., Hornsey 
I Barrett,M.L. Wellington Coll., Hastings 
i Davies,E. d. Sherwood S., Timperley 

LOngley,G. s.h.r/.d. Norma S., Waterloo 

f'Blake,J.L. s.e. 

I 38 Southtown, Gt. Yarmouth 

Rose,R.F. e. 
L Lancetield Coll., Soutliend-on-Sea 

CBd wards, M. s. 

I Stapleton Hall S., Crouch Hill 

I Whittington,LC.A.S. j.7i. 

L St. Helens S., Streathara 

CCarter,W. e.h.a. Keston H., W. Kilburn 
I Cohen, F.L. The Limes, Richmond Hill 
I Craig,G.L Coll. S., Hawkhurst 

1 Evans, D.M. Monplaisir Coll., Paignton 
I Jones,B.D. e.d. Highfield, Wallington 
I Salibian,A.s.a^/. Alexandra Coll., Shirley 
LUnwin.G.W. Harley S., Hereford 

rBlake,M.L. s.e.id.f. 

I 38 Southtown, Gt. Yarmouth 

i Buzaglo.A. /, Loreto Conv., St. Francis 

I Xavier's, Gibraltar 

I Doukovetzky,A. e.f. 

I English High S. forGirls,Constantinople 

I Recves.M.E. 

l^ Sunnyland, Henley-on-Thames 

rBritton,D.A. s.e. 

1 St. Helens Coll., Seven Kings 

I Evans, D. A. s. Monplaisir Coll., Paignton 

I Seldjobalofl',S. 

L English High S. forGirls, Constantinople 



Highfield, Wallington 
Upper Holloway 



f Austin, C.S. e.d 

I Bed well, B.E. s. 

I Pemberton Coll 

I Roe,D. e.f. 

I Ravensworth S.-for Girls, Scarborougl 

LSmitli,K. e. Birkdale Ladies' Coll, 

fLewiSjE. 

I English High S. forGirls, Constantinople 

I White.M.C. s.al. 

L Crouch End High S., Hornsey 



THIRD CLASS. 
Pass Division. 



!Bradley,P.L. mu.do. 

Ravensworth S. for Girls, Scarboro' 
'Pickstock.L.O. Rockhill S., Chulmleigli 
2Hills,G.A. Highfield S., Croydon 

3Bowman,R.B. 

Gosberton Hall Coll., nr. Spalding 
2Cannter,E.M. «. 

St. Mary Church High S., Torquay 

f'2Anderson,M.A. Alexandra Coll., Shirley 
I 20akden,M.A. /. 

L High S., Buxton Rd., Chingford 

2Wire,D.E. Laton H., Hastings 

C=arnie,D.I. 

I Academy of the New Church, Brixton 
L'Shepherd,M.G. do. 

Gosberton Hall Coll., nr. Spalding 

f Downing, M.J. s.e. Coll. S., Hawkhurst 
I HolmesrM.V.e.A. HolmleaGirls' S.,Ongar 
I 2Pappis,H. 

l^ English High S. forGirls, Constantinople 
Phillips,B.R. e.d. Highfield, Wallington 
Wheatley.J. Girls' High S., Roth well 

('Aslan,N. e.f. 

] English High S. forGirls, Constantiuopl 
1 Lowy,E. e.al. Private tuition 

I Spratley,L.E. s. 
I Pemberton Coll., Upper Holloway 

I =Ward,D. GosbertonHallColl.,nr.Spaldii, 
L Wilkinson, W.N. J. AlexandraColl., Shirley 

('Laugford,J.W^ s. Harley S., Hereford 

I Whipps.D.A. s.e.h. 

L Carisbrooke Coll., Walthamstow 

Bradley, R.F. s.(d. 

Ravensworth S. for Girls, Scarboro 



('2Djermakian,A. 

1 English High S.for Girls, Constantinople 

I Salsbury,E.E. s.e.f. 

I Mount H., Melbourne, Derby 

I Turner,N.A.M. Private tuition 

LWells.V.H. Wellington Coll., Hastings 

(-SBaker, B. B. Old PalaceG irls'S. , Maidstone 
I Combes, D.K. e.d. 

I Clatford House, Southampton 

I Galiniidi,A. 

I English Higli 8. for Girls,Constantinople 

I Murray D..M. d. Hill Croft S., Bentham 

Whalley,F.A. s.f. Westminster French 

L Protestant S., Shaftesbury Avenue, W.C. 

fClegg.D. s. St. Helens, Clifton 

I -Hobson,M.F. PengwernColl., Cheltenham 
I Ininan,A. *. Cambridge H., York 

I Poole.I. Birkdale Ladies' Coll. 

l.2Tucker,B.R. Laton H., Hastings 



rCoffin,W.J. 
I Feinberg,K. 
I Eraser, L.E. 
I MuirSmith.K.G. 
l..2Phillips,E. 



Holmwood S., Sidcup 

Bourne H., Eastbourne 

Longroad S. , Hastings 

Hill Crofts., Bentham 

Private tuition 

Ryde H., Ripley 



fKeates,A.D. 

I *Lappin,K. 

1 The Newlands Conv., Middlesbro' 

tLeahy, A.M.K. f.ge. Private tuition 

('King,K.M. a.hk. 

1 Dunmore S., St. Leonards-on-.Sea 

j 2Lynch,K. 

I The Newlands Conv., Middlesbro' 

I Nicholls,G.C.M. s. 

I, Steyne Girls' High S., Worthing 



Alexandra Coll., Shirley 
Gram. S., Cowfold 



f'Barnes,!.!. e. 

I 2Botting,W.M. 

I 2Caton,N. 

i Burlington H., Balliam Pk. Rd., S.W. 

I Cliance,J.E. e. Harley S., Hereford 

I Davies.I.B.H. e.f. 

L Granville Coll., W. Croydon 

rDay,I.J. ((. Ryde H., Ripley 

I Le Sueur, W.B. s. 

Coll. S. for Girls, St. Heliers 
IWhiting.E.E. Ryde H., Ripley 

CHope,W.M. Alexandra Coll., Shirley 

l^20xtoby,D.E. Garden S., Peckliam Rye 

(-2Bryant,,M. Oxford H., Swindon 

1 2Colenian, A.M. St. Peter'sS., Bournemouth 
I Douald.G.H. St. Helens, Clifton 

I Huuter,M.B. s.ni. 

I Pengwern Coll., Cheltenham 

I 'Mathcr,H. Private tuition 

l^Russell,A. Milton H., Sunderland 

fCoeiica,F. /. 

1 English High S.for Girls, Constautiuople 

I Golby,B.A. Crouch End HighS., Horn.scy 

1 Harrison, D.B.K. 

I Wellington Coll., Hastings 

1 Hersey,M.F. Stapleton HallS.,CrouchHill 

l,Hunter,R.M. Hill Croft S., Bentham 

f2Clare,D. St. Helen's S., Streatham 

I Falkuer,D.L. ((. Highfield, Wallington 
I Harrison, K. Ouscgate S., Selby 

1 Noyce, G. e. Granville S., Southsea 

I Probert,T.M. 

I St. Margaret's, Richmond Rd., Cardiff 
I Smith, K.L. Bversleigh High S., Shettield 
I 2Tucker,A.C. Laton H., Hastings 

LVail.O.l. .■■■. Gardens., Peckham Rye 

l'Collins,D.B. .s. 

I Hillside Modern S., Wealdstone 

I Crowther,A.S.A. Metlield, Southport 

I Skinner.D.E. e 

I St. Hilda's, Beltinge, Heme Bay 

l.,Symmous,E.M. c. Priory Coll., Hornsey 

C2Coates,K.M. Private tuition 

I Felce,E.M. St. Helen's S., Streatham 

I 2Liptrot,,R.E. B. Academy, Crewe 

I Manning, D. M. .s. Licensed Victuallers' S., 

I Upper Kenningt(m Lane, S.E. 

1 Nerney,J.E. 

I Lancelield Coll., Sonthend-on-Sea 

1 Ryley,Y. Private tuitiou 

I Sanders.K.P.E. s. 

j St. Helen's S., Streatham 

LSherratt.D. s. Bridge H., Sandbach 

fAdes.A.R. c. Elm H., Ealing 

I Berry.D.M. s. 

I Glendale H., We.stcliffe-on-Soa 

I Biddlecombe,M.M. 44PortlandRoad,Hove 

I Dollond,K.B. s. MontpelierH., Brentwood 

I Foreman, M.F.H. 

I Croucli End High S., Hornsey 

I Gedrych,N.F. 

I St. Margaret's, Richmond Rd., Cardiff 

I •JUobbs,\'. " Private tuition 



Feb. 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



95 



GIRI^, 3rd Class, FASS—continwil. 
I liistone.E.A. Conway H., Farnboio' 

I 2Mattlie\vs,M. Private tuition 

I Potter, I.E. V. Burstead H. , Billerica y 
I Sayer,Ji[.A. e. Private tuitiou 

I Stephen, B. Hill Crofl S., Stamfoid Hill 
I Wiley.M.L. s. 

I Pembertou Coll, Upper HoUoway 

V2Zula,Z. StapletonHall S., Crouch Hill 

CUawson, I. C.E.j.MontpelierH., Brentwood 
1 2Greenwood,l.K. Olive House, Hawes 
I Grose, JI.G. The Roystons, Penge 

I Hughes, L. Burstead H., Billericay 

I 2Rushbrook,M.C. Burstead H., Billericay 
Webb.H.F. O.tford H., Swindon 

l,Yiiung,K.C. High S., Waltham Cross 

('Gibson,A.L. Academy, Crewe 

1 Graudin,M.deC. s. 

I Coll. S. for Girls, St. Hellers 

I «Keeling,L.M. 

I HeathHayesInfants'CouncilS., Cannock 

I Miiorehead.M. Penketh School 

I Ritchie,V.E. *. Belair Girls' S.,Herne Hill 

^Sturgeon, A.M. 5. Glenann Coll., Ilford 

f'Jones,M.F. Academy, Crewe 

I ^Kelway Baniber, B. 

I Chilteru H., Teddington 

I Knights, W.M. s.d. 

I., St. Helens S., Streatham 

f 2Botting,G.M. Trinity H., Bexhill-on-Sea 
LGrey,E.L. s. Homeland, Hastings 

rBesIey.M.E. Highfleld, Wallington 

I Oorke,V.E. s. 

I Hillside Modern S., Wealdstone 

I Haiuinans,Iv.M. 

1 Calleva H., Wallingford-on-Thames 

I Lawience,W. Bridge H., Saudbacli 

l^Walker.V.M.A. Cambridge H., York 

("Atkins, K.B. Wellington Coll., Hastings 

I '-Austin, M. 

1 Colne Valley S., Ricknianswortli 

I Uelniedico,E./. ' 

I English High S. for Girls, Constantinople 

I Janiieson,A.L. 

I English High S.for Girls, Constantinople 

I Lander,M.B. d. 

l^ Evelyn High S., Upper HoUoway 

|'Gay,F.M. Garden S., Peckham Eye 

I KettIewell,L.F.M. s.e. Private tuition 
I Russell.V.M. Alexainira Coll., Shirley 
I Sadgro\e,E.R. Bourne H., Eastbourne 
I "Weinberger.E. Private tuition 

LWiUiams,L. j. Claremont Girls' S., Bath 



fCabot,M.B./. St. LawrenceElein.S., Jersey 
1 Le Marquand,l.E. 

I Coll. S. for Girls, St. Heliers 

I Marshall, I.e. j. Private tuition 

l^=Snyder,C.G. CoUingwnod Coll., Lee 

CBaker.M.I. Clark's High S., Tufnell Park 
I Cawkwell,D. 

I Roanoke Coll. S., Palmer's Green 

I Hart,N.A. Private tuition 

I Klisser.D.E.e. Clark'sHighS.,TnfnellPark 
LTylur.K.M. Glenarni Coll., Ilford 

l'Bradley,D.E. Hill Croft S., Bentham 

1 CoUard.B.K. e. 

I St. Hilda's, Beltinge, Heme Bay 

I !Cox,>I. Gunton Clitl S., Lowestoft 

j Hallani,M.D. s. MonplaisirCoU., Paignton 

I Hastings.M.F.K. 

I Fauntleroy S., St. Leonards-on-Sea 

I Lally.G. e. 

l_ Conv.S.,HazelwoodCres.,KensalRd.,\\ . 

fAdlani, ■«■.£. »•. Alexandra Coll., Shirley 
I Dawe.H.A. Holniwood S., Sidcup 

I ■2Pape,M.H. Rock Hill S., Chulmleigh 
I^Worthington.W.M. Harley S., Hereford 

|'Harris,L.E. Lithend S., Bishops Waltham 
I Harris.T.M. Lithend S., Bishops Waltham 
I Ives,D. St. Hilda's, Beltinge, Heme Bay 
I Jay,F.I.D. Collingwood Coll., Lee 

1 Parker,E.L. Harley S., Hereford 

I Ransome,O.A. Penketh School 

I Todd,G. e. Hightield, Wallington 

l..Tuckniss,L. s. Birkdale Ladies' Coll. 

l'Cowen,D.M. Sherwood S., Timperley 

I Quigley,E.G. s. 

I Hillside Modern S., Wealdstone 

I Rickard,A.M. Korth Park, Albaston 

1, Smith, G.E. s.h. AhvyneColl.,CanoDbury 

f2Benion,M.ll. 

i Chadsmoor National S., Cannock 

I Salnion,C.I. 

L St. Margaret's, Richmond Rd., Cardiff 

r^Dry.W.P. 

I Richmond Park Coll. S., Bournemouth 

1 Fitzmaurice, X. 

I Cornwallis High S., Hastings 

I Flatt,L.B. c. Glenann Coll., Ilfortl 

I 2Heycock,L.M. St. Helens S., Streatham 

I Middleton.K. Temple S., Aylesbnry 

1 2Sniith,D.M. 

I St. Hilda's, Beltinge, Heme Bay 

I Thornton, G.M. Hopetield H,, Norwich 

LVer:ty,D.E.M. Garden S., Peckham Rye 

|'Collins,F.E. d. HighfieldS., Croydon 

1 Cosserat,!. d. Claremont Girls' S., Batli 



I Lovegrove,B.D. Minton H., Padworth 
I^Sharp,G.A. n. High S., Waltham Cross 

('2Ager,G. 

I Beulah House High S., Upper Tooting 

I deMe2a,\V.C. 

I Clark's High S., Tufnell Park 

I Dent,O.C. s. Westminster French 

I Protestant S., Shaftesbury Avenue, W.C. 

I Xicolle,L.A. 

j Six Roads S., St. Lawrence, Jersey 

I 2Thompson,L.A. 

\^ High S., Westminster St., Crewe 

fChambers,D.E. Wellington Coll., Hastings 
I Holme,A.M.R. Hill Croft S., Bentham 
I Howard, E.S. Alexandra Coll., Shirley 
I Rogers, W.F.L. St. Mary's Coll., Barnes 
I Slater,C. s. Ehi.hurst High S.,BurgessHill 
I Stedman.D.M.F. Lulworth H., Caerleon 
I Tozer,N. K. Avenue Lodge S., Torquay 
l.,Walker,M. Highfleld S., Croydon 

('2Appleby,K. 

I "The Xewlands Conv., Widdlesborough 

j Hill,D. Temple S., Aylesbury 

I Le Gros,G. Zelzah H., St. Heliers 

I Lewis.L.W. 

L NewryLodgeS.,St.Margaret's-on-Thames 

f'Bacon,S. Collingwood Coll., Lee 

I Persse.D.L. 

I Stoke Kd. Middle Class S., Gosport 

I^Tomlinson.H.M. High S., Waltham Cross 

"Cranstone, M.K. Private tuition 

Crowther,H. 

Ravensworth S. for Girls, Scarborough 
.Parnacott.E.S, The Roystons, Penge 

('Galbreath,J.B. Garden S., Peckham Rye 

i Marney.A.M.E. 

I Hillside Modern S., Wealdstone 

I Oa'ord,F.E. Holmv.ood S., Sidcup 

I Shillcock,E. 

I., Grosvenor House High S., Cricklewood 

(-Crawford, M.F. Belair Girls' S.,Herne Hill 
I delaPerrelle,B.D. 

I Clatford House, Southampton 

I Dyer,A.E.deD. d. 

Calleva H.. Wall.ngford-on-Thames 
Hawkins, M.I. Camden H., Biggleswade 
Mills,D.R. 

High Trees Coll., West Southbourae 
Scott,W.B. s. 

St. Mary Church High S., Torquay 

/^Eeffell.E.L. 

[ Beulah House High S., Upper Tooting 
I Sargeant,P.M. Garden S., Peckham Rye 
I Schwella,H.C. Collingwood Coll., Lee 



I Souter.P.M. Highfleld S., Croydon 

I Thomas,J.G. 

I St. JIargaret's, Richmond Rd., Cardilt 
I Wayniouth,D.L. AvenueLodgeS.,'rorqua>" 
VWoodhams,F. Piivate tuition 



/Layton,A.N. 
l^Le\vis,G. 



Lyndhurst, Portsmouth 
The Grove, Horley 



rBerry,I.A. Clark's High S., Tufnell Park 
I 2Davie.s,S.M. Private tuition 

I Milward.R. Pencraig S., Newport 

I Pbillips,D.L. Licensed Victitallers' S., 
! Upper Kennington Lane, S.E. 

VScutt.M.C. Minton H., Padworth 

('Curry.R.W. Holmlea Girls' S., Ongar 

I McS\veeny,E.J. 

j Beulah House High S., Upper Tooting 

I Wade, S.D. Private tuition 

I Wilson,A.M. 

V Colne Valley S., Rickmansworth 

(■ Russell. M.H. Collingwood Coll., Lee 

I Smith.D. Temple S., Aylesbury 

l.Souter,C.A. HighfieldS., Croydon 

rBaker,E.L. Belair Girls' S., Heme Hill 
^,Walker,D.E. DudleyH.,StokeXewington 

l'Codlin,E. 

I Grosvenor House High S., Cricklewood 

i,Hall,M,E. Harley S., Here'ord 

rHirst,C. Birkdale Ladies' Coll. 

i Mchniet-Ali.X. 

1 English High S. for Girls, Constantinople 
1 Quambusch,M. Chichester H., Mortimer 
I Schwartz,B. Finsbury Park High S. 

I^Zula.D. Stopleton Hall S., Crouch Hill 

/' Andrews, E. HighfieldS., Croydon 

I Arnold, P.M. L. Longroad S., Hastings 
I Dyinock.M. Camden H., Biggleswade 
VWalker.L.D. 38Southtown, Gt.Yanrouth 

Cooke, E. Pencraig S., Newport 

2Simpson,H.M. 

Beulah House High S., Upper Tooting 
f Fo22ard,M.G.H. Glenarm Coll., Ilford 
t,Redmore,E.M. Avenue Lodge S.,Torquay 

^Hanson.F.M. CrouchEndHighS., Hornsey 
I Hart,R.V. Piivate tuition 

I Penn.B.M. CambridgeH.,CamdenRd.,N. 
I^Woodhams,M. Private tuition 

fMarkham.E.M. 

I Gosberton Hall Coll. , nr. Spalding 

1 Svngros,M. 

I English High S.for Girls, Constantinople 

l.Wood,M.N.L. Private tuition 



LOWER FORMS EXAMINATION. — PASS LIST, CHRISTMAS, 1911. 



BOYS. 



Abeiisur.S. Margate Jewish Coll. 

Abrahams, B.B. The Vale S., Maida Vale 
Abraliams,R.M. RichmondHiUS., Richmond 
Adams, G.D. Heme Bay College 

Aldworth,S.W. St. John's Coll., Brixton 
Alms,E.L.W.H. WellingtonRoadS.,Tauntou 
Audei-son,N.W.K. 

Waterlooville Coll., Cosham 
Aruison,R.L. 

Eccles Prep. S., Moor Lane, Kersal 
Arnold, H.G. Norwich High S. for Boys 
Aithur,H.F. 

OxenfordH., St. Lawrence, Jersey 
Ashwortb,J.H. Mutley Gram. S. 

Aaton.A.H. Eton H., Southend-on-Sea 

Atkiii>on,F.R. New Coll., Harrogate 

Atkiuson.R. Grosvenor Coll., Carlisle 

AtkinsoUjT.L. Grosvenor ColL, Carlisle 
Atwill,W. Boys' High S., Wareham 

Aucott,D.J. St. Dunstan'a Coll., Margate 



Ayers,A. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

Badger,S.H. Kilgrimol S., St. Anues-on-Sea 
Bailey,H.C. Barton S., Wisbech 

Bailey.W. 

Clifton Coll., North Shore, Blackpool 
Baker,C. Shoreham Gram. S- 

Baker.C.G.H. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
Bardsley,J.N. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
Barlow, G. Anerlev College 

Barritt.M.M. Mutley Gram. S. 

Base,K.\V. Norwich High S. for Boys 

Bass, &. ilettield, Suuthport 

Bas-.G. Ryde H., Ripley 

Batterham, A.E.N. Tollingtou Park Coll.,N. 
Baxter,H. Leighton Hall S., Carnforth 

Baynes,P.D. Steyne S., Worthin^ 

Becker, S.A. Private tuition 

Bell,F.G. Heme Bay College 

Bennett, W.H. ToUington Park Coll., N 
tiensly.E. F Wellington Coll., Shropshire 



Benton, R.H.S. Southport Modern S. 

Berger.C.C. 

Oxen ford H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 
Berger.J.D. 

Oxenford H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 
Bevan,J.M. 

Grosvenor S., Deunington Park Rd., N.W. 
Bichard.A.S. 

The Jersey Modern S., St. Heliers 
Billey,W.R. The Douglas S., Cheltenham 
Binet,P.E. Maida Vale S., W. 

Bingham, C. Herne Bay College 

Binning, A. Streatham Gram. S. 

Blackburn, W.H. Grosvenor Coll., Carlisle 
Blacklock.R.A. Argyle H., Sunderland 

Blagrove,H.C. Manor H., Claphan. Coiiimon 
Blank, W. de Craven Park Coll., Harlesden 
Blok,S.M. Tollington Park Coll., N. 

Blumenthal.J. Margate Jewish Coll. 

Bkiudell.A.G. Blackpool High S. 



Boorman.K. Ryde H., Ripley 

Booth, C. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

Booth, R.G. Heme Bay College 

Borthwick.A.J. Tollington Park Coll., N. 
Bot trell, A. H. Newquay College 

Boulton.E.E.H. «1br "•'' 

Grasmere, Appledore, Ashford 
Boursot,R.A.P. RichmondHiUS., Richmond 
Boutillier.W. 

The Jersey Modern S., St. Heliers 
Bradbeer,E.G. Mount Radford S., Exeter 
Bradford, H.J. 

Southdown CoU., WUlingdon, Eastbourne 
Brandretli,G.E. Southport Modern S. 

Bridge,E.K. Southport Modern S. 

Brighouse.C.J. Belper Gram. S. 

Britton, J. The Jersey Modern S. , St. Heliers 
Broad.B.H.E. CUftonviUe CoU., Margate 
Broughton,J.W. '^^ 

Southport Coinni. Coll. & Boys' Sec. S. 



96 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Feb. 1, 1912. 



BOYS, Lower FoRHS—Contimted. 
Bro\¥n,G.A. JIutley Gram. S. 

Buckley.L.W. Steyne S., Worthing 

Buckley, W.W. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
Burgess, H.C. ClaphaTii Gram. S. 

Bnrke.F.W. 

Southport Comni. Coll. & Boys' Sec. S. 
Biitler.C.E. Brunswick H., Maidstone 

Butler.F.H. Anerley College 

Butier.H.J. Westcliff H., Tulse Hill 

Buxton. C.L.E. Helper Gram. S. 

■Cable.G.H. Wellington Col!., Shropshire 
Cabot, C. The Jersey Modern S., St. Heliers 
■Cain, J. M. Castletown Gram. S. 

Cairns, S. Grosvenor Coll., Carlisle 

Campion, W. Barton S., Wisbech 

■Cann,P.H.M. Richmond Lodge, Torquay 
Cansick.C.W. 

30 New Trinity Rd., E. Finchley 
•Cantrill,F.W. Victoria Park S., Manchester 
■Cape, J. S. Grosvenor Coll., Carlisle 

Carlyon,B.R. Margate Comni. S. 

■Carpenter,R. 

Plympton Higher Prep. S., Mutley 
<^aiT0das,L.S. Bel per Gram. S. 

■Carver,S.M. West End S., St. Heliers 

Castle,G. St. Peter's S., Lee 

Cavannagh.J.P. 

30 Xew Trinity Rd., E. Finchley 
Chapman, W.E. RichmondHill.S.,Uichmond 
Chatterton,L.B. St.Dunstan's Coll., Margate 
€haventr6,A. 

Grosvenor S., Dcunington Park Rd., N.W. 
Christmas, C.G. Shoreham Gram. S. 

Clark, L. Grosvenor Coll., Carlisle 

Clarke.A.G. Barton S., Wisbech 

Clarke, W.R. Barton S., Wisbech 

Clayson,D.H. Priory Coll., Hornsey 

Clift,B. The Jersey Modern S., St. Heliers 
■Cochrane,!. E.M. 

Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
Cogger, R.W. Commercial S., Maidstone 
Cole,H.V. Tothill S., Plymouth 

■Colebrook,E.H. Colebrook H., Bognor 

Coleman, W.C. Chichester Gram. S. 

Coles,A.B. Holt House, Che.shunt 

Colls, B. A. Barton S., Wisbech 

Constable.C.C. 

Northgate S., Bury St. Edmunds 
Constanduros.C.G. Shoreham Gram. S. 

Cooke, J, M. Preston Gram. S., Brighton 
■Corrie,A.G. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
Corrie,B.J.B. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
■Cosway,R. Penketh School 

Cowen,S. Victoria Park S., Manchester 

<3ox,S. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

Cox,W.J.B. Chichester Gram. S. 

Coxwell.C.M. Cliftonville Coll., Margate 
Craig,J.N. Cliftonville Coll., Margate 

Crawlbrd,L.W. St. John's Coll., Brixton 
Crewe, W.K. Bridlington College 

Critchley,H.P. Grosvenor Coll., Carlisle 
Croucher,B.L. Chichester Grani. S. 

Curtis, R. Worcester Coll., Westclitl-on-Sea 
Dalton,G. Streatham Gram S. 

Dark,A.R. Ryde H., Ripley 

Darlington, A.M. Kelvin Coll., Penarth 

Dauncey,H.P. Drayton High S., Newport 
Davenport.J. belper Gram. S. 

Davy,A.G. Penketh School 

Day.J. Clil'tonville Coll., Margate 

Deacon, J. A. Lancaster Coll., W. Norwood 
Dean,H.V. Grasmere, Appledore, Asliford 
Dean,J.N. Heme Bay College 

De Carteret.E.G. 

Oxenford H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 
Deeks.P.J.H. 

NorthgateS., Bury St. Edmunds 
De Gruchy.C.B. West End S., St. Hell 
DeGruchy.E.J. 

Oxenford H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 
DelaRue,H.M. 

Oxenford H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 
Denton, H. A. 

Southport Comm. Coll. & Boys' Sec. S. 
DeSauty,S. Steyne S., Worthing 

Dewhirst.H. New Coll., Harrogate 

Dixou,H. Ashland High B., Wigan 

Down,A. W. Mount Radford S., Exeter 

Drabble.A.J. Westbury H., Southsea 

Dumble,L.J. Richmond Hill S., Richmond 
Dunfee.W.V. St. Aubyn's, Woodford Green 
Duthoit,F.G. Godwin Coll., Margate 

Duval.G.D. TankertonCoU., Whitstable 
Earnsliaw,B. Argyle H., Sunderland 

Edmondson,N.P.LeithtonHallS.,Caniforth 
Edmunds, A. Shoreham Gram. S, 

Ednuinds,H.B. Shoreham Gram. S. 

Edwards,F.A.B.WellingtonColl.,Shropsliire 
Eldred,H.E. Tollmgton Park Coll., N. 

Bllerington,L. 

Church of England S., Naburn, York 
Ellett.J. The Jersey Modern S., St. Heliers 
Ellicott.J.T. Commercial Coll., Acton 

Ellis.J. Penketh School 

Elson,A. 

Southdown Cull., Willingdon, Eastbourni 
Emelcns.K.G. St. Leonards Coll. S. 

Emptage.A.A. Mutley Gram. S. 

Emns.A.E. St. John's Coll., Brixton 

Bmus,S. St. John's Coll., Brixton 

Enoch, S.A. Weston-super-Mare College 
Epp.s,S.M. Upton Coll., Bexky Heath 



Evans,G.O. Mary Street H., Taunton 

Evans, H.A.J. Eton H., Southend-on-Sea 
Evans, L.F. Kilgriiiiol S., St. Annes-on-Sea 
Ewald.H.P. ■ Heme Bay College 

Fayers,R.E. Tollington Park Coll., N. 

Fido,C.H.A. Manor H., Clapham Common 
Field, R.G. Chichester Gram. S. 

Fuidlay,D.N. Wellington Coll., Slirop-sliire 
Fitzgerald, &L 

Clifton Coll., North Shore, Blackpool 
Flctcher,C. Godwin Coll., Margate 

Fletcher, L.G. 

S Eskdale Terrace, Newcastle-on-Tyne 
Flint,D.R. Anerley College 

Follett,A.J. Priory Coll., Hornsey 

Fox, J. Bridlington College 

France.T.R. 

Southport Conun. Coll. & Boys' Sec. S. 
French, W.J.K. 

The Modem S., Streatham Common 
French, W.W. Wellington Road S., Taunton 
Frost,A. Wellington Coll., Shropsliire 

Fuller.F.E. Steyne S., Worthing 

Fullwood,C.E.W. Anerley College 

Galliinore,C. Kelvin Coll., Penarth 

Gardner,H.B. Leigliton Hall S., Carnforth 
Gates.A.B. NorthgateS., Bury St.Edmunds 
Gatheicole,G. Streatham Gram. S. 

Gibbs,W.B. Norwich High S. for Boys 

Gibson, L.M. Southport Modern S. 

Goacher,J.R.G. Godwin Coll., Margate 

Gorman, H. 

Plympton Higher Prep. S., Mutley 
Gotfrey,T.E. Wellington Road S., Taunton 
Gottlieb, D. Margate Jewish Coll. 

Gould,S.H. St. Leonards Coll. S. 

Grainger, G.G. Steyne S., Worthing 

Green, A. W. The Modern S., E. Grinslead 
Green, C. Manor H. , Clapham Common 

Greengrass.L.H. Norwich High S. for Boys 
Greenway,R.C. Heme Bay College 

Greenwood, C. Oxford Coll., Waterloo 

Griffiths, C.L.R. Chichester Gram. S. 

Groves,E.E. Highbury Park S., N. 

Haley,W.J. 

Oxenford H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 
Hall,E.D. St. Mary's, Romford 

Haniper,F.G.R. Scarborough Gram. S. 

Hampsou,J. Kilgrimol S., St. Annes-on-Sea 
Hancock, G.M. 

Oxenford H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 
Hannay,J.M. Steyne S., Worthing 

Harding,H.G. Margate Comm. S. 

Har<ling,J.C.W. Barton S., Wisbech 

Hardy, W.E. Eton H., Southend-on-Sea 
Harrington, H.W. The High S., Brentwood 
Harrison, H.S. Argyle H., Sunderland 

Hart,G. St. Aubyn's, Woodford Green 

Hartley,J.B. New Coll., Harrogate 

Harvey,W. Belpei^ Gram. S. 

Hasting-.S.B. Norwich High S. for Boys 
Hatcher,C. Wellington Road S., Taunton 
Hatherly,R.E. Heme Bay College 

Havers, K.F. St. Placid's, Ramsgate 

Hawkins, R.G. Margate Comm. S. 

Hawkins, R.N. Heme Bay College 

Hawkins, W.S. Steyne S., Worthin 

Hay.R.L. 

■S Eskdale Terrace, Newcastle-on-Tyne 
Haynes,G. The Jersey ModemS., St. Heliers 
Heatly,J.F. Upton Coll., Bexley Heath 

Heddle,W. Eton H., Soutliendon-Sea 

Henry, N. Streatham Gram. S 

Heyes.J.S. 

Clifton Coll., North Shore, Blackpool 
Hicks,H. Cliftonville Coll., Margate 

Hiist.F.C. New Coll., Hairogate 

Hitcb.N.G. Upton Coll., Bexley Heath 

Hitchcock,C.G. 

Northgate S., BuiySt. Edmunds 
Hodges, C J. Mutley Gram. S. 

Hodson,P.H. Tlie Gram. S., Sale 

Hodson,G.S. Cliftonville Coll., Margate 
Holbrook,G.L. Shoreham Gram. S 

Holdaway,A.J. Monkton H., Streatham 
Holdaway.E.D.W. Monkton H., Streatham 
Holden,C.H.J. 

Schorne S., North Marston, Winslow 
Holmes, G.B. 

Southdown Coll., Willingdon, Eastbourne 
Holmes, H. 

Southport Conmi. Coll. & Boys' Sec. S. 
Holmes, J. F. 

Southdown Coll., Willingdon, Eastbourne 
H.jlt,J.S.T. Victoria Park S , Manchester 
Honey, i. A. St. John's Coll., Brixton 

Hooper. W.C. Shoreham Gram. S. 

Horan,J. Bridlington College 

Horne,K. Eton H., Southend-on-Sea 

Horner, C.H. The Modem Coll., Harrogate 
Horsefield,J.K, Littleton House, Knowie 
Horton,L.W.A. Chichester Gram. S, 

Houghton, H.B.P. 

Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
House, L. Weston-super-Mare College 

Howell, L.E. The Modern S., E. Griustead 
Hubble, D.V. Linton, Southend-on-Sea 

Hubble, L.H. Tollington P.ark Coll., N. 

Hudgell,A.E. Hyde H., Ripley 

Hnmpheryes,A. Margate Comm. S, 

Humphreys, O.W. 

TankertonCoU., Whitstable 
Hiitchins,C. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 



Isaac, S.E. Eton H., Southend-on-Sea 

Isbester,J.E. Penketh School 

Ivens,R. Steyne S., Worthing 

Jeorrett.J.C. Ryde H., Ripley 

Jermyn,K. Shoreham Gram. S. 

Jolins.A.R.B. Monkton H., Streatham 

Johnson, A. J. Norwich High S. for Boys 
Johnson, F.W. 

Southport Comm. Coll. & Boys' Sec. S. 
Johnson, S.S. Barton S., Wisbech 

Jones, J. F. Kelvin Coll., Penarth 

Jones,JLB. 

The Modern S , Streatham Common 
Jones, R. 

Montgomery Coll., Sharrow, Sheffield 
Kastner,J. Kilgrimol S., St. Annes-on-Sea 
Kelly, C. 30 New Trinity Rd., E. Finchley 
Kelly,J. Castletown Grain. S. 

Kemsley,R.H. St. Aubyn's, Woodford Green 
Kennedy, H. 

Southport Comm. Coll. & Boys' Sec. S. 
Keut,G.R. West End S., St. Heliers 

Kestell,B.E. Mutley Gram. S. 

King,C.W. 03 Maison Dieu Rd., Dover 

King,J.A.H. Lancaster Coll., W. Norwood 
Knight,T,S. New Coll., Harrogate 

Laing,F.C. The Modern S., E. Grinste.id 
Langford.C.J. Ashland High S., AVigan 

Larbalestier,M. 

Oxenford H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 
Larman,M.L. Eton H., Southend-on-Sea 
Laurens, S. 

Harleston H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 
Lavergne.R.P. 

Cambridge H , Camden Rd., N.W. 
Lea,H.B. Belper Gram. S. 

Leavey,M.E.P.J. Eton H-, Southend-on-Sea 
Le Brocq,A.S. 

Harleston H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 
Le Brocq,P. 

Harleston H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 
LeCliasseur,G.K. West End S., St. Heliers 
Lee,E. Oxenford H., .St. Lawrence, Jersey 
Lee,P.C. Heme Bay College 

Leeks, L.A.L. Richmond Hill S., Richmond 
Lees,E.C.L. Brimswick H., fliaidstoue 

Leetham,P. St. Placid's, Ramsgate 

Legge,S.G. Upton Coll., Bexley Heath 

Le Marquand,B.P. 

Harleston H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 
LeKuez,W.G. 

Harleston H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 
Le.ster.E.S. 

Schorne S., North Marston, Winslow 
Letley,L.W. Clapham Gram. S. 

Le\ett,C.E. Anerley College 

Lewis, F. Chichester Gram. S, 

Ley, H.W. Margate Comm. S 

Lidington,H.L. Upton Coll., Bexley Heath 
Lilly\vhite,F.D. Ryde H., Ripley 

Lloyd,C.J. St. Leonards Coll. S. 

Locke, H.V. Victoria Park S., Manchester 
Lockwood,F. New Coll., Harrogate 

Lumax,H. Kilgrimol S., St. Anues-on-Sea 
Long,C. Oxenford H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 
Long,H.E. 

Southport Comm. Coll. & Boys' Sec. S. 
Lord, J. S. Kilgrimol S., St. Annes-on-Sea 
Lowe, L.J. Eton H., Southend-on-Sea 

Lowenstein,L. Margate Jewish Coll. 

Lucas, W.S.N. Mutley Gram. S. 

Ludski.J.C. Highbury Park S., N. 

Luxford,J.L. Minton H., Padwortli 

Lyons, L.A. Commercial Coll., Acton 

.MacDowell,M.A. 

Crouch End High S., Hornsey 
MacKeeiuau,R.K. 

Crouch End High S., Hornsey 
Macqneen,J.M. Cliftonville Coll., Margate 
Mallett,C. The Jersey Moderns., St. Heiiers 
Mann, G. A. JIutley Gram. S. 

Marett.L. The Jersey Modern S., St.Helier 
Marshall, ILL. Grosvenor Coll., Carlisle 
.Martin, R.H. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
Mather, J. Southport Modern S. 

Matthews, G.M. New Coll., Harrogate 

Mattingly,S.V. Highbury Park S., N 

Maver,E.A. 

Fauntleroy, St. Leonards-on-Sea 
Mayne.S. H. Margate Comm. S. 

Mayuf.W.E. K. Private tuition 

Mead, J. D. St. Aubyn's, Woodfood Green 
Melf(ud,J.K.G. RichmondHillS., Richmond 
Mendoza,P. Margate Jewish Coll. 

Messenger, W. A. Southport Modern S. 

Meyrick.E. 

Grosvenor S., Denningtou Park Rd., N.W. 
Midpley.J.H. 

Schorne S., North Marston, Winslow 
Miller, W.D. Grosvenor Coll., Carlisle 

Milnes,D. St. Peter's S., Lee 

Moir,A. 1\H. Anerley College 

Mole.A.D. Holt House, Cheshunt 

Morgan, F.C. The Douglas S., Cheltenham 
MorTey.C.L. Anerley Ccdle; 

Morley.W.L. 

Northgate S., Bury St. Edmunds 
Morris, M.V. Shoreham Gram. S, 

Morris, S.W. Eton H., Southend-uu-Sea 
Morrison, C.F. Tollington Park Coll., N. 
Morriss,H. 

Southdown Coll. , Willingdtm, Eastbourne 
Munday,W.H. Southport iMoilom S. 



St. Placid's, Ramsgate 
Grosvenor Coll., Cailisle 



Newham,G.G. 

Nichol,W.C. 

Nicklin,H. 

Southport Comm. Coll. & Boys' Sec. S. 
Nieper,D-R. Steyne S., Worthing 

Nimmo,C.D. Shoreham Gram. S. 

Nunn.S.A. Ion H., East Molesey 

Nuttall,W.V. Penketh School 

Ollivaiit,G.D. Belper Gram. S. 

01ver,L. Mutley Gram. S. 

Orrett.C.C. Commercial Coll., Acton 

Ottaway.N.A. Norwich High S. for Boys 
Oyler.T.W. Holt House, Cheshunt 

Page.G. Worcester Coll., Westelilf-on-Sea 
Pain,G.E. Weston-super-Mare College 

Pain, R. A. Anerley College 

Palmer, C.C. FroeUel H., Devonport 

Palmer,C.W. Penketh School 

Palmer,E.K. Sherwood, Timperley 

Palmer.L.C.G. 

Southdown Coll., Willingdon, Eastbourne 
Parkcr,G.B. Western Cidl., Harrogate 

Parkinson, H. P. Blackpool High .S. 

Parkinson, T.S. Penketh School 

Parsons, A.F. Boys' High S., Warehaiii 

Parsons, L.J. Boys' High S., Wai^ehatii 

Partridge, W.H. Tollington Park Coll., N. 
Patching,S.W. Ion H., East Molesey 

Payne, A. Anerley College 

Payton,C.E. Shoreham Gram. S. 

Peacock, F.B. Manor H., Clapham Common 
Pearl, H. A. Margate Comm. S. 

Pearson, J. Grasmere, Appledore, Asliford 
Pedley,E.W. Tankerton Coll., Whitstable 
Pickett.S.J. Godwin Coll., Maigate 

Pierce, E.O. St. Leonards Coll. S. 

Pigott.H.E. Manor H., Clapham Common 
Pillinger.S.W. 

Southdown Coll., AVillingdon, Eastbourne 
Platt.J.H. Gram. S., Hyde 

Pledger, E. Worcester Coll., Westelift'-ou-Sea 
Pop!e,W.J. Oakover Girls' S., Burnhain 
Porritt.J.C. Tothill S., Plymouth 

Porter,T.D. Western Coll., Harrogate 

Powell, J. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 

Fling, C.J. Wellington Road S., Taunton 
Proctor. H.N.J. Kelvin Coll.. Penarth 

Pullen Burry,H.T. Steyne S., Worthing 
Pyne,G.J. Mount Radford S., Exeter 

Pyne.R.J. Shoreham Gram. S. 

Randle.A.I.R. St. Leonards Coll. S. 

Rapson'.D.S. Eton H., Southend-on-Sea 
Read, J. H. Norwich High S. for Boys 

Rees.A.L.B. Kelvin Coll., Penarth 

Revis,N.C. Argyle H., Sunderland 

Rhodes,W.E.G. Wellington Coll.,Shioj)shire 
Riche.E.L.H. St. Aubyn's. Woodford Green 
Rickards.I. Winchester H., Biistol 

Riley,A.G.V. Littleton House, Knowie 

Riley,C.M. Tollington Park Coll., N. 

Rix,R.W. Shoreham Gram. S. 

Roberts, M.L. Kelvin Coll., Penarth 

Hobinson.B.St.J. 

Oxenford H., St. Lawrence, Jersf v 
Robinson, N.M. Leigliton Hall S., Carnforth 
Robinson, W.G. Leighton Hall S., Carnforth 
Robson,L.H. 

Southport Comm. Coll. & Boys' Sec. S. 
Rogers,H.C.B. St. Mary's Coll-, Barnes 
Rogers, R.H. P. Preston Gram. S., Brighton 
Rosen, M. Southport Modern S. 

Routledge,J.P. 

Southport Comm. Coll. ..^ Boys' Sec. S. 
Rowe.E.P. Preston Gram. S., Brighton 
Rudderforth,G.T. Steyne S., Worthing 

Russell, C.T. Argyle H., Sund.Tland 

Ryley,P. Private tuition 

Salmon, S.N. Avenue H., Sevouoaks 

Salt, W.R. Belper Gram. S. 

Salter. A. Steyne S., Worthing 

Sang.'-ter,R. WorcesterColl.,Westclin-on-Sea 
Saunders,G.C. Littleton House, Knowie 
Sauiiders,S.N. West End S., St. Heliers 
Sawyer,C. Streatham Gram. S. 

.Schweinitz,H. 

Oxenford H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 
Scott, H.V. Clapham Gram. S. 

Scott,M.K. Park H., Broadstairs 

Searle,W.J.V. Ion H., Ea.st Mole.sey 

Selleck,C. PlymptonHigherPrep.S., Mutley 
Selleck,W.L. Mutley Gram. S. 

Sherwell.A.B. Littleton House, Knoivle 
Sherwood, F.C. 

The Modern S., Streatham C'lnmoii 
Slioobridge,J.C. Heme Bay College 

Skelton,H.O. Blackpool High S. 

Slater,A.E.C. Drayton High S., Newport 
Suiart,D. 

Southport Comm. Coll. & Boys' Sec. S. 
Sinith,A.C. Bridlington College 

Smith, E. Commercial Coll., Aclun 

Sniith.J.S. Manor H., Clapham Cuinmon 
Smith,J.T. The Douglas S., Cheltenhaui 
Sraith,N.S. 

Clifton Coll., North Shore, Blackpool 
Smith, R. Worcester Coll., Westclitl-on-Sea 
Smith, B. Leighton Hall S., Carnforth 

Sniith.W.B. 

Kiugsholme S., Weston-super-Mare 
Smyter.T.V. Shoreham Gram. S- 

Snell,G. Commercial Coll., Acton 

Snelsou.V.L. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
Southin,J.R. Shoreham tJrain. S. 



Feb. 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIOJN'AL TIMES. 



liOYS, Lower Forms— Coh/wu/c/. 
•Sparks, L.G. 

Moutgomery Coll., Sliarrow, ShetlieUl 
.Speck,E.H. Gieystones, Scarborough 

yj)encoi",J. Kilgrimol S., St. Annes-oii-Sea 
Springate,C.W. Clair Val S., Gorey 

SquirrelljB.N. 

Xorthgate S., Bury St. Edmunds 
Stafford, N.W. Kilgrimol S.,St.Aimes-on-Sea 
Stanley, L.G. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
Stansbury,\V.S. Blackpool High S. 

Steel.A. Argyle H., Sunderland 

Stevens, R.C. Shorehani Giam. S. 

Stevens, V.S. Cliftonville Coll , Margate 
Stockwell,D.B. Bridlington CuUege 

Stone.T.E.H. Mount Radford S., Exeter 
Strong,C.J. Newquay College 

Stubbs.U.L. SteyneS., Worthing 

SuJdaby,W. Greystones, Scarborough 

SwalwelljJ.A. Shorehani Gram. S, 

Sweetiiig.D.C.H. St. John's Coll., Brixton 
SydaljW.E. Avenue H., Sevouoaks 

Symonds,H.E. 

Xorthgate S., Bury St. Edmunds 
Tobb,J.F.L. Kilgrimol S., St. Anues-on-Sea 



Tadgell.W.C. Tollington Park Coll., N. 

Tadman.R.S. Shorehani Gram. S. 

TasselljC. Southport Modern S. 

Tatton.C.W. Shorehani Gram. S. 

Taylor,J. Brunswick H., Maidstone 

Taylor, U. 

Southport Comm. Coll. & Boys' Sec, S. 
Taylor, W.U. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
Terry, J. E. New Coll., Harrogate 

Thomas, W.C. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
Thompson, F.l.H. 

The Modern S., Streatham Common 
Tliomsun,J. 15 Queen Street, Aspatria 

Thorne,C.S. Brunswick H., Maidstone 

Tomkins,J.R. Eton H., Southend-on-Sea 
Tomliiison.J. Holt House, Cheshunt 

Tremble, J. M. Grosvenor Coll., Carlisle 

Tucker, W. Anerley College 

Turner.G.S.D. 

Eccles Prep. S , Moor Lane, Kersal 
Twvman,F. Penketh School 

Vautier,B.C. 

Oxenford H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 
Vibert.P. Oxenford H., St. Lawrence, Jersey 
Viney,S. Boys' Prep. S., Maidstone 



Wade.B.M. Leighton Hall S., Carnforth 

Wade.J. The Gram. S,, Sale 

Wainwright.C. 

Southport Comm. Coll. & Buys' Sec. S. 
Walkei.J.A. Holt House, Cheshunt 

Wall, C.J. W.J. Clapham Gram. S. 

Walinsley.T. Southport Modern S. 

Waidle.P.R. 

Cambridge H., Camden Rd., X.W. 
Waterson,W. 

Fauntleroy, St. Leoiiards-on-Sea 
Watniough,D. 

Worcester Coll., WestclitT-on-Sea 
Watson, C.N. Argyle H., Sunderland 

Watson, D. Leighton Hall S., Carnforth 

Watson, J. St. Leonards Coll. S. 

Watts, F.X.J. Steyne S., Worthing 

Watts.G. Winchester U., Bristol 

Webb.R.W. Oakover Girls' S., Burnliam 
Webber.G.E. Mary Street H., Taunton 

Wells,J.R. Shoreham Gram. S. 

Westrop,B.M.J. St. Placid's, Rauisgat*; 
Wetberell.R.G. Western Coll., Harrogate 
Whituker.R.D. Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
White,E.A. Steyne S., Worthing 



Whitley, A. P. 

Oxenford H., St. Lawrence. Jersey 
Widoman.E.L.F.K. Kelvin Coll., Penarth 
Widlake,W.H. Weston-super-Mare College 
Wilcox.K. Southport Modern S. 

Wilkins.S.R. Norwich High S. for Boys 
Williams.D.S.H. 

Wellington Coll., Shropshire 
Williamson,R.T. TheDouglasS., Cheltenham 
Wilson, C.L. Linton, Southend-on-Sea 

Wilson, E.F. Commercial Coll., Acton 

Wilson,S.E. Grosvenor Coll., Carlisle 

Winisluirst,A.L. 

Arlington Park Coll., Chiswick 
Wise, CM. Eton H., Southend-on-Sea 

Wood.R.H. The Modern S., E. Grinstead 
Woodford, P. V. Cliftonville Coll., Margate 
Wortliington,R.J. Shoreham Gram. S. 

Wright. L-V. Eton H., Southend-on-Sea 
Yates, A. E. Manor H., Clapham Common 
Young, A.L. Argyle H., Sunderland 

Young, A. R. Southport Modern S. 

Young,W. 

Worcester College, Westclift'-on-Sea 



GIRLS. 



A.lkins.M.M. Minion U., Padworth 

.rtgnew,F.M. Brentwood, Southport 

Alger.M.S. Drayton High S., Newport 

Allden,E. 

* Hedcliffe S., Teddington-on-Thames 
Allen, M. Brentwood, Southport 

Andjel.F. 

English Higli S. for Girls, Constantinople 
Ansell,A.M. Alexandra Coll., Shirley 

.\nstiss,G.L Temple S., Aylesbury 

Arthur,L.M. 

Strathmore H., St. Mary's, Jersey 
Ashbv.M. Steyne Girls' High S.. Worthing 
Atchiey,G. Claremont Girls' S., Bath 

Avery, i.U. Belair Girls' S., Heme Hill 

Ciinbridge.M. 

Grosvenor House High S., Cricklewood 
Banhani.l.U. 

Lanceiicld Coll., Southend-on-Sea 
Barber, M.M. Hopetield H., Norwich 

Barette,E.A. 

Six Roads S., St. Lawrence, Jersey 
Barnes, D.B. Alexandra Coll., Shirley 

Bariiett,E, Camborne House, Torquay 

Basil,M.C. 

Englisli High S. for Girls, Con.stantinople 
Batt^n,M.D Home S. for Girls, Bath 

Baylis.L.K. Eastrop H., Cliicliester 

Bebb,J.M. Harley S.. Hereford 

Beckley.o.L. Uoseley High S.,Birniingham 
Belasco,V. 

Grosvenor House High S., Cricklewood 
Belton.L 

Gosberton Hall Coll., Ni". Spalding 
Beiinau,M. Claremont Girls' S., Bath 

Blandfoni.P.M. Drayton High S., Newport 
Ulvtlie,D. Norma S.. Waterloo 

Bo'is.M. The Grove, Horley 

Bolingbroke,V.V. 

Cornwallis High S., Hastings 
Borrow, E.G. Queenstliorpe, Cosham 

B.yle.K.F. 

Fiiern Manor Coll., East Dulwich 
Braybon.A.V. St. Clare S., Southwick 

Brazier, F.K. Steyne Girls' High S., Worthing 
Brearley.E. Oriel Bank HighS.. Davenport 
Brewer,B.W. Oakover Girls' 8., Burnliam 
Biie.G.A. Margate Coll. for Girls 

JJvown.M.W. Laton U., Hastings 

Brown, W. Alexandra Coll., Westclid-on-Sea 
Browne, W. Hopelield H., Norwich 

Bintton.M.M. RedclilTe H., E. Southsea 
ifiirchani.M.E. Draytuii High S., Xewiiort 
Burcham.P.M. Drayton High .s., Newport 
BiiMer,D.E. Cornwallis High S., Hastings 
Cabedo.E. Loreto Convent, 

SL Francis Xavier's, Gibraltar 
Calway,W.M. 

Slealands High S., Knowle, Bristol 
Carter,R. The Limes, Buckhurst Hill 

Castelli,V.M. 

English High S. for Girls, Constantinople 
Castells.E.L. 

Englihh High S. for Girls, Constantinople 
Cattell.D.E. Norton Lodge, Small Heatli 
Oavey.l.B. Private tuition 

Charabei-s.P.M. 

Norfolk House High S., Muswell Hill 



Chrispin,K.H. Brentwood, Southport 

Clark, P. Private tuition 

Clarke,D.K. Gunton Cliff S., Lowestoft 

Clarke,M.R. Gunton Cliff S., Lowestult 
Clitherow.D.V. Girls'Gram.S.,Levenshulme 
Cluer.P. Priory Coll., Hornsey 

Collett-Wliite.M.E. 

Laucefield Coll., Southend-on-Sea 
Collier,C.B. Eversleigli High S., Sheffield 
Collier, C.E. Ashlea H., Northampton 

ColJier.E.M. Castle Hall S., Northampton 
Corbel,LM. Zelzah H., St. Helier'i 

Cornelius, R. Moreland H., Bexhill 

Co-y,M. St. James' Ladies S., Jersey 

Cragg.C. Notre Dame Conv. Day S. 

Birkdale, Southport 
Critchky.M.E. Higitheld Coll., Blackpool 
Croniar,J.M. Qneen'sS., Cliftonville, Margate 
Cuniberbatch,L.M. 

English High S. for Girl<, Constantinople 
Cundick.G.H. Glenann Coll., Ilford 

Cunnew.D. Hedingham, Wallington 

Dallas, D. Temple S., Aylesbury 

Dauby, D.K. 

RavenswoiLh S. for Girls, Scarborough 

Danino,M.L. Loreto Convent. 

St. Francis Xavier's, Gibraltar 

Davenport.D.B. Ryde H., Ripley 

Davenport.E.G.V. 

RoaiiokeCoU. S., Palmer's Green 
Davey,LB. 

Laucefield Coll., Southend-on-Sea 
Davys. E.B. Oakover Girls' S., Burnham 
DelaPerrelle.E.M. 

Clatford H., Southampton 
Denneso,V.M''. Alexandra Coll., Shirley 

Dernerguertcliian,A. 

English High S. fur Girls, Constantinople 
Dodd.M.H. Derby Road S., Beaton Moor 
Dodsworth,F.F. Sunnyside, Thirsk 

Doig.E.M. St. Mildred's S., Pinner 

Doubleday.D.G. Western IL, Nottingham 
Douglas. M.M.W. Margate Gram. S. 

Drake.F. Girls' High S., Castleford 

Drewry.D.M. Western H., Nottingham 

Duckftt,D.I. Oakover Girls' S.. Bun. ham 
Dunkley.S.L. Somer\ille H., Northampton 
Dunn.V.A. 

Newry Lodge S., St. Margaret's-on-Thames 
Edwards.E. Home S. fur Girls, Bath 

Elliott. B.L. 

Laucefield Coll.. Sonthend-on-Sea 
Ellis,G.M. Alexandra Coll., WestcIiff-on-Sea 
Ellison, G.E. 

Scarisbrick Coll., Birkdale, Southport 
Entwistle.F.M. 

Oriel Bank High S., Davenport 
Epenetos.H.L. 

Engli.sh High S. for Girls, Constantinople 
Evans. E. Private tuition 

Evans, y. Lulworth H., Caerleou 

Farrer.W. Crouch End High S.. Hornsey 
Farrington.B. Hill Croft S., Stamford Hill 
Farrow, V.M. Hillside Modern S.,Wealdstone 
Fealher.D.L. Hainault High S., Ilford 

Feilden,D-E.R. Private tuition 

Feinberg,C.L. Bourne H., Eastbourne 

Fishei-,A. Temple S., Aylesbury 



For(llian.,E.W. Camden H., Biggleswade 
Fortshew,M. Highfield S., Croydon 

Fust'.T.M. Newcastle H., Lewes 

Fox.E.D. Clare H., Northampton 

Fox.M.B. Clare H., Northampton 

Fraser,E.M, Roanoke Col I. S.,Pahner'.sGreen 
Fripp,W.B. Brentwood, Southport 

Garbarino,M. Loreto Convent, 

St. Francis Xavier's, Gibraltar 
Gib.son,C.V. Eversleigh High S., Sheffield 
Gibson, M.M. 

Norfolk House High S., Muswell Hill 
Gill.D. Glenann Coll., Ilford 

Godber.N. 

Notre Damede France, Leicester Sq.,W.C. 
Goddard,D.E. Home S. for Girls, Batli 

Godfrey, M.L. 

Alexandra Coll., Westclitf-on-Sea 
Goldie,E.A. Highfield S., Croydon 

Goldsworthy,W.R. 

High S., Westminster St., Crewe 
Gonch.M. Montpelier H., Brentwood 

Goodall.M. Derby Road S., Heaton Moor 
Goodwin, V. 

Fauntleroy S., St. Leonards -on -Sea 
Gosney,A.F. 

Evelyn High S., Upper Holloway 
Cover, W. Alexandra Coll., Shirley 

Greig,C.A. Queen's S., Cliftonville, Margate 
Guillaunie,A. Alwync Coll., Cauonbury 

HalI,M.F. Ryde H., Riplev 

Hallum.E.M. Gunton Cliff S., Lowestoft 
Ham,W.E. Roanoke Coll. S., Palmer's Green 
Hancock, W. Camborne House, Torquay 
Hardy,W.M. 

Ravensworth S. for Girls, Scarborough 
Harrison, E, Girls' Gram. S., Levenshulme 
Harrison, L.E. Woodside, Hastings 

Hart.N. Ion H., East Molesey 

Harty.W.M. 

English High S. for Girls, Constantinople 
Haslani.C. Penketh School 

HawsoM.M, 

Ra\ensworth S. for Girls, Scarborough 
Hay,G.\'. Queen's S., Cliftonville, Margate 
Haydon,K.l3. Moseley High S., Birmingham 
Hearn.E M.St.Margaret'sS.,Westcliff-on-Sea 
Heazell.M.E. Western H., Nottingham 

Heddle.J. Alexandra Coll, Westcliff-on-Sea 
Heirons.L.H. 

Roanoke Coll. S., Palmer's Green 
Henry, M.I. Western H., Nottingham 

H^-wett.G.M. Glenann Coll., Ilford 

Hill, A. K. 15 Queen Street, Aspatria 

Hines.M. Highfield, Wallington 

Hocken.M.M. FinnartS., Newquay 

Hodge,C.M.R. Finnart S., Newquay 

Hodges, D.M. Oakover Girls' S., Burnham 
Howard, CM. 76 Doneraile Street, Fulham 
Howard, D. Penketh School 

HuglieSjM. Glencoe, Erdington 

Hunt.E. Lulworth H., Caerleon 

Hunter.F.M. 

Norfolk House High S., Muswell Hill 
Hunter.H.D. 

Royal Bay H., Gorey Village, Jersey 
Hunter.LWestoe HighS. forGirls,S. Shields 
Husband, Q. Homeland, Hastings 



IIes,D.J. The Convent, Pulteney Rd.. Bath 
Imossi.B. Loreto Convent, 

St. Francis Xavier's, Gibraltar 
Jackson. M. Sunnyside, Thirsk 

Jago.H.M. Crouch End High S., Hornsey 
Jeanes,C.A. Oakover Girls' S., Burnhaoi 
Jeanes.L.S. Oakover Girls' S., Burnham 
JoneSjE. Alexandra Coll., Shirley 

Jones,G. Hainault High S., Ilford 

Keen,M.D. Girls' Gram. S., Levenshulme 
Keppel-Reede,E.P.F.J. Metfield, Southport 
Kerney,S.A.C. 

English High S. for Girls, Constantinople 
Lambert,C.M.LeighGirls'CoIl.,Leigh-on-Sea 
Lang, M. A. Cornwallis High S., Hastings 
Larcombe,L.R.D. 

Cornwallis High S., Hastings 
Lawman, D.V.C. 

Beulah House High S., Upper Tooting 
Lawrence, F.G. Pri\ate tuition 

Leake, D.B. 

Ravensworth S. for Girls, Scarborough 
Le Gros,M.I. Zelzah H., St. Helier's 

Lenkeit,G.M.M. Montpelier H., Brentwood 
Little.D. Temple S., Aylesbury 

Lobjoil.W.G.Queen'sS. .Clifton ville.MargatV 
Long.W.M. Eastrop H., Chichester 

Lucas, D. St James' Ladies' S., Jersey 

Lund,E.F.E. Piivate tuition 

Luxford.G.M. Minton H., Padworth 

Lnxon.E.M. 

Beulah House High S., Upper Tooting 
Madden,E.W.SteyneGirls'Hi-hS., Worthing 
Malson.N.V. Metfield, Southport 

Manning, N.St Margarets S., Westcliff-on-Sea 
Marchant.J.G. Home S. for Girls, Bath 

Marke.E.K. Oakover Girls' S., Burnham 
Marks, J. Lothian S.. Harrogate 

Marques, G.M. Penketh School 

Marshall, D. Leighton Hall S., Carnfurth 
Martin, C.I. Ashlea H.. Northampton 

Marx,E.O.V.Queen'sS.,Cliftunville,Margate 
Mason, M. Ij Queen Street, Aspatria 

Mason, M. Lissadell, Ealing 

Maynard.M. 

Calleva H., Wallingford-on-Thanies 
Mayne.M.V. Southend Cfpllege 

Mayor,M.E. Ashlea H., Northampton 

McKenna,O.F. Penketh School 

McSweeny,E.M. 

Beulah House High S., Upper Tooting 
Merry weather.M.E. 

Crouch End High S., Hornsey 
Metcalfe, V. Lothian S., Harrogate 

Meyer, E.I. Hopefield H., Norwich 

Midgley,F.M. Priory Coll.. Hornsey 

Miles, M. A. Priory Coll., Hornsey 

Miller, V. The Close, Dyke Road, Brighton 
Milroy,M. Clifton H., Aintree 

Milward,M. Bridge H., Sandbach 

Monk, M.J. Hainault High S., Ilford 

Morino.M. 

Notie Damede France, Leicester Sq.,W.C. 
Morton, D.I. 

Beulah House High S., Upper Tooting 
Morion, I.e. Ashlea H., Northampton 

Murchie.D.M. Western H., Nottingham 
Musgravc.M.J.P. Harley S., Hereford 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Feb. 1, 1912. 



GIRLS, Lower Forms— Continued. 
Myall, G.E. Glenarm Coll., Ilford 

Myers,B.L.A. Southend College 

Naouni,L. 

English High S. for Girls, Constantinople 
Nicholson.M. Girls' High S., Castleford 
Nielsen, E.M. High S., Waltham Cross 

Melsen,R G.C. High S., Waltham Cross 
Oppenheinier.E.M.GuntonCIiff'S., Lowestoft 
Osmond, A. E. 

Roanoke Coll. S., Palmer's Green 
Overton, S.M. Hnpefield H., Norwich 

Owen,M.W. St. Mary's Coll.. Bariies 

Paine, M. Hill Croft S., Stamford Hill 

Palmer, F.E. Queen's S.,Cliftonville, Margate 
Palmer, M.K. 

St. Mary Church High S., Torquay 
Parker,G.R. Castle HallS., NorM)ami>t 
Parker,M. Castle Hall 8., X..rtli;iiiii>t 
Parkin, O.M. Ashlea H., Nutlliaiiipton 

Parsons, E. Hopelield H., Norwich 

Passniore,0. Norma S., Waterloo 

Peake.D.M. Queen's S.,Cliftonville, Margate 
Pearson, A. A. Grasrnere, Appledore, Ashford 
Pearson, B. Grasrnere, Appledore, Ashford 
Perkins, M. Ryde H., Ripley 

Perring M.F. 

Newry Lodge S., St. Margaret's-on-Thames 
Peters, D.M. 

The Convent, Piilteney Road, Batl 
Phillips.L.B. High field, Wallington 

Pilcher.A.M. Grasrnere, Appl^-dore, Ashford 



Penketh Srhon] 

Ryde H., Ripley 

Castehiau Coll., Barnes 

Norma S., Waterloo 

Castle Hall S., Northampton 

Temple S., Aylesbury 



Pollard, C. 

Poole, B. 

Power,G.R. 

Pringle,M. 

Prue.O.S.R. 

Pursse]l,E. 

Queux,S. 

Notre Damede France, Leicester Sq., W.C. 
Ramsay, H. A, 

English High S. for Girls, Constantinople 
Randall, D.E. Camden H., Biggleswade 

Read.D.B. Roanoke Coll. S., Palmer's Green 



Reader, E. Temple S., Aylesbury 

Redgrove,N.M. Belair Girls' S., Plerne Hill 
Reeves, S.l. 

Sunnyland, Henley-on-Thames 
Remon,V,P. 

Six Roads S., St. Lawrence, Jersey 
Rest.D.M. Holnnvood S., Sidcup 

Rest.G.W. Holoiwood S., Sidcup 

Reville.A.L. 
Newry Lodge S., St. Margaret's-on-Thames 
Rich,E.H. Western College, Romford 

Richards,A.M. 

St. Anne's Convent, Birmingham 
Richardson, E.K. Eastrop H., Chicht'ster 
Rickard,K. Temple S., Aylesbury 

Rigden,A.E. 

Peterborough Coll., Harrow-on-the-Hill 
Rigden,G.M. 

Peterborough Coll., Harrow-on-the-Hill 
Riley, F.M. HoUygirt, Nottingham 

Rizzo,H.B. 

English High S. for Girls, Constantinople 
Robert,M. 

Notre Dame de France, LeicesterSq., W.C. 
Roberts, H.E. Girtonville Coll., Aintree 
Robertson, B.LG. 

Castle Hall S., Northampton 
Temple S., Aylesbury 
Temple S., Aylesbury 
Milton H., Sunderland 
Eastrop H., Chiche.ster 
Loreto Convent, 
St. Francis Xavier's, Gibraltar 
Sanders,A.I. Oakover Girls' S., Burnham 



Ru.sseU,A.E. 
Russell.J.R. 
Russell, M.J. 
Sa<ller,M.M. 
Sanchez de Pina,M. 



Siddons,M. Somerville H., Northampton 
Silley,R.A. 

English High S. for Girls, Constantinople 



Collingwood Coll., Lee 
Norma S., Waterloo 
Hightield 8., Croydon 
Glencoe, Erdington 
Drayton High S., Newport 
Soutliend College 



Skinner, K. A, 
Smith, D. 
Smith, L.C. 
Smith, M.V. 
Smith, S.M.T, 
Smith-Saunders,B.M, 
SorrelI,E.W. 

Norfolk House High S., Muswell Hill 
Sparks, P.M. Queensthorpe, Coshani 

Spilsbury,A. 

Teddington Coll., Upper Teddington 
Spink, EM. St. Leonards, Ealing 

Stanford, E. Queen's S.,Cliftonville,Margate 
Stanstield.G.M. Glencoe, Erdingtor 

Staples, L.R. Bourne H., Eastbourne 

Stockman, K.E. Priory Coll., Hornsey 

Streeter,A.A. Cornwallis High S., Hastings 
Sturges.E.V 

St. Michael's Avenue S., Northampton 
Swain, G.M. Somerville H., Northampton 
Swain, G.M. Western H., Nottingham 

Sweeting,H. Girls' High S., Castleford 

Swift, D. Notre Dame Conv. Day S., 

Birkdale, South port 
Sykes.I.D. 

English High S. for Girls, Constantinople 
Sylvester, M.W. Longroad S., Hastings 

Sylvestre.M. 

Notre Dame de France, LeicesterSq., W.C, 
Tarte.H.M. St. Anne's Con vent, Birmingham 



Sanders, H. Leslie House, Cheshunt 

Scher,B. Somerset H., Rainsgate 

Schotield.G. Clifton H., Aintree 

Scott,!. Temple S., Aylesbnry 

Scott, M.M. Hollygirt, Nottingham 

Sears, M.B. Temple S., Aylesbury 

Shacklady,A.L. Girtonville Coll., Aintree 

Shacklady,M.E. Girtonville Coll., Aintree 
Shaw.M. Girls" Gram. S., Levenshulme 

Shearing.B.M. Southend College 



Tate,E. 
Taylor, A.M. 
Taylor,D.M. 
Terheggen,E, 
Thomas,E.F. 
Thorne.N. 
Thornton, G.F. 
Thorp, I. V. 

Peterborough Coll., Harrow-on-the-H 
Topalian.A.D. 
English High S. for Girls, Constantinople 



Private tuition 

Glencoe, Erdington 

Hainanlt High S., Ilford 

Bridge H., Sandbach 

Castle Hall S., Northampton 

Southend College 

Camden H., Biggleswade 



Towers, D.S. Girtonville Coll., Aintree 

Tranter,K.V. 

Sunnyland, Henley-on-Thames 
Trapp,V.L. Southend College 

Turck,G.W. 

Cumberland H., Stoke Newington 
Viant,M.I. Clatford H., Southampton 

Vincinzetti,T. 

Notre Dame de France, Leicester Sq.,W,C. 
Wade-Stiles.E. 

The Close, Dyke Road, Brighton 
Walker,H. Norma S., Waterloo 

Walker.M.V. 

St. Michael's Avenue S., Northampton 
Walker.P.E. Dudley H., Stoke Newington 
Walker,W.M. Camden H., Biggleswade 

Walter,D.W.L. Clare H , Northampton 

Walton, G. Girls' Gram. S., Levenshulintr 
Warman,L.M. Priory Coll., Ho'usey 

Watson, F. I. Crouch End High S., Hornsey 
Weale.D.J. 

English High S. for Girls, Constantinople 
Webb,H.C. 

Norfolk Hou.se High S , Muswell Hill 
Webb,W.M. Steyne Girls' High S.,Woilliing 
Wellingliam.LM. 

Avondale Coll., Winchmore Hill 
Welton,A.LAlexandraColl.,Westclift-on-Sea 
West.A.G. 30 New Trinity Road, Finchley 
White.M.F. 

Teddington Coll., Upper Teddington 
Whiteley,V.S. Woodside, Hastings 

Wilkie,M. Girtonville Coll., Aintree 

Wilkins.C.H. Newcastle H., Lewes 

Williamson, K. Alexandra Coll., Shirley 
Wills, V.G. Avenue Lodge S., Toiquay 

Wilson.H.M. Pnvate tuition 

Wood,D.C. Priory Coll., Hornsey 

Wood, K.E. Crouch End High S., Hornsey 
Woods,A.D. Eastrop H., Chichester 

Wool,M. Newcastle H., Lewes 

Wright, W.K. St Mary's, Romford 

Yardley.P.F. Castelnau Coll., Barnes 

Young.M.P. Highfield Coll., Blackpool 



THE VALUE OF RATON'S LIST OF SCHOOLS AND TUTORS. 



The Bishop of Belize, British Honduras : 

'• ;\I;iiiy thanks for sending your ' List of Schools and Tutors, 1911.' It 
will bt* u- useiul reterence book when I ;un consulted by parents who wish to 
send their children to school in England ; it contains a vast amount of valu- 
able information about English Schools not to be found elsewhere." 

Messrs. Frost & Shipman, Perth, "W.A. : 

"AVe beg to acknowledge receipt of your new 'List of Schools,' which 
we have very much pleasure in thanking you for. It seems to us to be a 
very fine and. valuable work, and we shall certainly try and make use of it by 
the means you indicate, and shall be very pleased to forward your interests in 
any way. "We might say that we are Medical Agents also out here, which 
brings us in touch very much with the Medical Profession, and in this case 
your book ought to be very useful." 

The Hon. Secretary of the Mombasa Club, East Africa : 

"On behalf of the Conunittee of the above Club, I have much pleasure 
in acknowledging receipt of your excellent book. It has been placed in the 
Reading Room, and I am sure will be fully appreciated by the married 
members." 

The Superintendent of Methodist Schools, St. John's, Newfoundland ; 

" It is a very nicely bound volume, with numerous illustrations, and 
replete with information. 1 shall be delighted to furnish needed information 
to any parents whom I know to be desirous of sending their children to an 
English School." 

Messrs J. and W. Pitts, Merchants, St. John's, Newfoundland : 

" I am looking over your book with great inteiest. anil shall take pleasure 
in placing it in the hands of friends who are contemplating sending their 
children to English Schools." 

The Chief Justice of Malta : 

" Yiuir new ' List of Schools' certainly contains very valuable information, 
which I shall make it a point to communicate to any of my friends who may 
be inclined to send their children to England for education." 

The Bishop of Ontario : 

" Many thanks for the copy of your new ' List of Schools.' It is interesting 
and may be useful, as I am often asked to recommend an English School." 

The Royal Mail Steam Packet Co., Grenada: 

" We are in receipt of the copy of new ' List of Schools,' and shall have 
much pleasure in submitting same to clients of ours who are sending their 
children to school in England." 



The Librarian of the Legislative Library, Victoria, B.C. : 

" I wish to thank ymi for your uourti-sy iu presenting to the Prtvincial 
Libi-ary of British Columbia a copy of your ' List of Schools.' I need scarcely 
assure you that the vohnne will be carefully preserved on our shelves for future 
reference." 

The Bishop of Ballarat : 

" I have found your ' List of Schools ' inieresting. and should I meet parties 
anxious for the useful information it contains, I shall feel it a pleasure and a 
duty to communicate it." 

The Government Agency, Northern Province, Ceylon : 

" In ucknowledging receipt of the 1911 ' List of Seliools.' I have the honour 
to state that I will place the book in the Town Library, where it will be 
accessible to all." 

Member of the House of Representatives, Sydney : 

" I acknowledge, with pleasure, the receipt of this year's ' List of Schools.' 
The book is a valuable one, containing information which will prove valuable 
to every reader. I shall be pleased to place same before many Australian 
parents to peruse this splendid edition." 

The Librarian, Government Library, Pretoria : 

" Many thanks for tlie presentation copy of ' List of Schools.' It is an 
admirable conii>iiatioii, and we are especially glad of it owing to the large 
number of enquiries we have 7-e suitable English Schools. Please charge us 
for next year's issue." 

The Provincial Commissioner, Central Province, Warn, 
Southern Nigeria : 

" I am very pleased to accept the copy of your new ' List of Schools,' 
and have to thank you for same. No doubt the information will prove of 
service as well as interest to officers serving in this Province who have 
families at home." 

The Senior Puisne Judge, Penang, Straits Settlements : 

" I have t-o thank you for the handsome volume containing a * List of 
Schools.' I have transferred it to our Libi-ary here, where parents having 
children to be educated will be most likely to see it." 

The Attorney-General for Antigua, WJ : 

" It is a most interesting work, and I shall gladly place it at the service of 
my friends with young sons." 



FIFTEENTH EDITION NOW PREPARING. For particulars apply to 

J. & J. PATON, 143 Cannon Street, LONDON, 



E.G. 



Feb. 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



99 



EDUCATIONAL WORKS BY A K. ISBISTER, MA., LL.B. 



Sixteenth Edition, with Map. 12nio. 
CESAR'S COMMENTARIES on the GALLIC WAR. 

BOOKS I-V. With Notes, Critical and Explanatory, 
a Vocabulary of all the Words in the Text, and 
Easy Reading Lessons for Beginners price 3s . 6d . 

BOOKS I -Vn. do. do. 4s. 6d. 

Do. (without the Reading Lessons) 4s. Od. 

Twenty-fifth Edition. 
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Fourteenth Edition. 12mo, price 3s. Gd. 

XENOFHON'S ANABASIS, Books I to III. With 
Notes, Vocabulary of all the Words in the Text, and a Series of 
Easy Readitig Lessons for Beginners. Designed as a First Greek- 
Reading Book in Schools. 

Eleventh Edition. 12mo, price Is. 6d. 

FIRST STEPS IN READING AND LEARNING: 

a Reading-Book for Beginners, designed to utilize the time of those 
learning to read, by presenting, in a series of Easy Reading and 
Writing Lessons, a First Course of Scripture and English History, 
Geography, English Grammar, Spelling, and .-irithmetic, inter- 
spersed with Moral Lessons and Simple Poetry for Repetition. 

Tenth Edition. 12mo, price 3s. 6d. 

THE ILLUSTRATED FTTBLIC SCHOOL SPEAKER 
AND R.EADEB, based on Grammatical .\nalysis, comprising a 
choice Selection of pieces for Reading and Recitation, annotated for 
Expression, Emphasis, and Pauses, and illustrated by Diagrams and 
Figures exhibiting to the eye the appropriate gestures and positions ; 
to which is added a selection of Greek, Latin, French, and German 
Extracts, suitable for " Speech Days " at Public Schools. 

New Edition. 12mo, price Is. 6d. 

LESSONS IN ELOCUTION AND EXPRESSIVE 
KEA.DING FOR BOYS, based on Grammatical Analysis ; with 
a choice Selection of Extracts for Reading and Repetition, classified, 
a portion of Goldsmith's " Deserted Village," set out into Principal 
and Subordinate Sentences, illustrating the theory of Emphasis and 
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New Edition. 12mo, price Is. 6d. 

LESSONS IN ELOCUTION AND EXPRESSIVE 
BEADING FOB, GIRLS, based on Grammatical Analysis ; with 
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Nineteenth Edition. 16mo, Is. 6d. ; or, in Two Parts, price 9d. each. 

THE ELEMENTS OF ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND 
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Tenth Edition. 12mo, price 6d. 
A FIRST BOOH OF ENGLISH GRAMMAR, GEO- 



GB.AFHT, AND ENGLISH HISTORY. 

Tables, Dates, &o. 



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Fifteenth Edition. 12mo, price 2s. 6d. 
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',* In this Edition, Questions in Proportion, Practice, Interest, 

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4to, Is. each. 
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No. I. Business Forms. 1. Bills of Parcels and Book Debts. 
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No. II. Day-Book and Cash-Book. 
No. III. Ledger, Index, and Balance Sheet. 



London : LONGMANS & CO., Paternoster Row, E.C. 



100 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Feb. 1, 1912. 



MESSRS. BELL'S NEW EDUCATIONAL BOOKS. 



Crown 8uo. 2s. 6d. 



(IVow Ready, i 



ADVANCED ENGLISH GRAMMAR THROUGH COMPOSITION. 

By JOHN D. ROSE, M.A., Rector of the Kirkcaldy Higli School. 

The present book completes a course of English Grammar for schools according to the methods laid down in the Elementary Englisli 
Girimmar Tlirour/Ji Cdviposilion, by the same Author. The title explains the object in view. It is to treat Grammar, not as an end in 
itself, divorced from immediate utility, but as arising out of everyday forms of speech, and as giving practical help in their mastery and 
in the completeness of their study. 



CIVIL SERVICE EXAMINATION 
PAPERS. 

Edited by H. N. Atiair, M.A., Senior French Master at the Strand 
School, King's College, London. 

This new series is intended primarily for the use of Candidates 
for the Middle Grades of the Civil Service. 

First Volume now Ready. Crown 8vo, Is. 6d. 

FRENCH COMPOSITION. 

Consisting of Pieces set at Civil Service Examinations. Reprinted 
by permission of H.M. Stationery Office, and Edited, with 
Brief Notes, by H. N. Ad.uk, M.A. 

Contents. — Second Division Examination Papers — Admiralty, &e.. Papers — 
Military Entnince Examinations: Woolwich and Sanrihnrst— Assistant in the 
liritish" Mnseum— Examinations for Student Interpreters— Class I— Notes. 

Ready Immediately. Crown 8vo, Is. 



GRAMMAIRE PRATIQUE. 

Being a C4rammatical Supplement to Lc Franrais cle France. 
Mme VaIjEtte VeiiNet. 



Bv 



CONTES 
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Edited by J. S. Norjiax, M.A., Head Master of the New 15eiicon 
School, Sevenoaks ; and M. Charles Robert-Dumas, Pio- 
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trated, Is. 6d. 
This book contains ii selection of stories adapted from Rabelais, Permult, and 
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cont:iins ;i Questionnaire and very full Notes, as well as Bio^raphictil Notices ot 
tlie (iiltVrtiii :iiitli(.is. Tin- rditors are tirni believers in the "Direct Metliod" 
of l( aeliiiitr jnndern l:in;;u;iL'i's. ;ind the >inok has been prepared in full sympathy 
with that movement. 

CONTES FRANCAIS, 

ANCIENS ET MODERNES. 

Edited, with Introduction, Brief Notes, and ^'ocabularies, by 

jMarc Ceppi, Whitgift Grammar School, Croydon. Fcap. 8vo, 

with or without Vocabular}', Is. 6d. 

This volnnie, as its name implies, is a collection of interestinK stones taken 

from various French sonrces. The simplicity and the constant repetition of new 

words and phrases are the main features of the book. 

The book will he supplied with or without a Vocabulary, while Exercises and 
Questionnaires, based on every other story, will be pro\ided in a sei)arate 
booklet for those who may use them, price 6d. 



GEOMETRY FOR SCHOOLS. 

By W. G. BORCHARPT, M.A., and tbe Rev. A. D. PERROTT, M.A. 

Now rieady : — Vol. I. — Covering Stages I and II of the Board of Education Circular, No. 711, 1909. Is. 
Vol. II. — Properties of Triangles and Parallelograms. Is. 6d. 
Vol. III.— Area. Is. 
Ilc/irhi ihortbi .-—Vol. IV (Circles), Vol. V (Proportions), Vol. VI (Solids). 

Vols. II to VI cover Stage III of the Board of Education Circular, 



EASY LATIN PLAYS. 

By :M. L. Newman, High School for Girls, Sheffield. 

Crown 8vo. Sewed, 6d. 

()i frhe two plays wliich are Included in this volume, " Mater Gracchorum " is 
imlihshHtl at the ifqu-sl ef teachers who attended the Summer School of I^atin 
al IJaniror. Tlie jilay w:ts written to serve as a reading book for an Upper Third 
Form durmfr ttie seeotid and third terms of tin- vi-ar in whicli I^ritin was befrun. 



SIMPLIFIED 



BELL'S 

LATIN 



CLASSICS. 



Edited, with Notes, Exercises, and Vocabulary, by S. E. V/iNi'.oi/r, 
M..\. Crown Svo. With luimerous Illustrations. Is. 6d. eaeh. 
New Yoluiiics. Beady immediately. 
Virgil's Athletic Sports. | Virgil's Taking of Troy. 



MESSRS. BELL'S LIST OF BOOKS SUITABLE FOR THE 

COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS' CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION-JUiME AND DECEMBER, 1912. 



SCOTT : THE LADY OP THE LAKE. Edited, with 
Introduclio]! and Notes, by the Rev. A. E. Woodward, M.A. 
CJomplcte. Cloth. 2s. Gd. Cantos I and V, separately, Cd. 
each . 

NOTES ON SHAKESPEARE'S HENR7 V. and MAC- 
BETH. By '1. DrFi' B,\EXETT, B.A. Lond. Is. each. 

CAE3AR: DE BBLLO OAI.LICO. Book III. Edited. 
Introduction, Notes, and Vocabulary, by F. H. CoLSON, M..'\., 
and G. M. GwvTiiEi!, M.A. Illustrated. Is. 6d. 

[BelVs Illtislnited Classier. 

CAESAR: DG BELLO GALLICO. Book IV. Edited, 
witli Introduction, Notes, and Vocabulary, by Rev. A, W. 
rpfOTT, 1).1>. With Ilhi-trations. Is. 6d. 

[Bell's Illustrated Classics. 
Translation. By W. A. II'Devitte, B.A. BOOKS I-IV. Is. 

[JieU's Cliissicdl Translrifious. 



VIRGIL : AENEID. BOOK VII. Edited, with Introduction. 
Notes, and Vocabulary, by L. D. Wainwktght, M.A. With 
numerous Illustrations. Is. 6d. [Bell's Illustrated Classics. 
Translation. By A. H. Bryck, LL.D. Is. 

[Bell's Classical Trnnslatioiis. 
CICERO : DE AMICITIA. Edited, with Introduction, Notes, 
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[Bell's Illustrated Classics. 

Translatit n. By (I. H.Wells. Is. [Bell's ClassicalTranslntioiis. 

EDRIPIDES: HECUBA. Edited, with Introduction, Notes, 

and Vocabulary, by the Rev. A. W. Upcott, D.I). With 

Illustrations. 2s. [Bell's Illustrated Classics. 

Translation. By E. P. Coleridge. Is. 

[Bell's Classical 2'raiislativns. 
XENOFHON: ANABASIS. BOOK III. Edited, with Intro- 
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With Illustrations and Maps. Is. Gd. [Bell's Illustrated Classics. 
Translation. By Rev. J. Waison. Is. 

JMdI's Classical Translatii'Us. 



London; G. BELL AND SONS, Ltd., York House, Portugal Street, W.C. 



'i-mdon : Printed by i\ V. HoiiiisoN i Sun, 2 Newton Stieet. Kiufisway, London. W.C; and Published by Francis Hoogs »>', 89 Farrinj^don Street. E.G. 

[Entered at the New York Post Olhce as Second Class matter.] 



\0^-^'R Pn 



A^- 



THE 



EDUCATIONAL 




AND 



g^ounial of tt)f ColUse of tarfrrptorsi. 



Vol. LXV.] New Series, No. 611. 



MARCH 1, 1912. 



(Published j\[onthly, price, to Non 
I Memhfrs, 6d. ; by Post, Id. 
LAjiniial Stibscription, Is. 







OLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS. 

ISCORPORATBD BT ROYAL CHARTER. 



MEMBERS' MEETING. 

Tlie next ^lontlilv Jleeting of the Members will take 
pliioe on Wednestiav, the 20th of March, at 7 p.m.. 
when M. W. KE.tTl.vGE. Esq.. M.A., University Reader 
in Education, Oxford, will read a Paper on " The Danger 
of ^Esthetics in SclKiols." 

A discussion will follow the reading of the Paper. 

Members have the privilege of introducing their 
friends. 

LECTURES FOR TEACHERS. 

The First Course of Lectures (Fortieth Annual Series), 
by Prof. J. Adams, M.A., B.Sc, LL.D., F.C.P., on 
■'The Psvchologv essential to EHicient Work in 
School," commenced on Thursday, February 8th, 
at 7 p.m. . _, 

This Course will to a certain extent prepare for the 
Examinations of the College in connexion with the Asso- 
ciateship, the Licentiateship, and the Fellowship ; but 
its main purpose will be to present the facts of Psychol- 
ogv in such a way as to enable the teacher to make use 
of 'them in the practical work of the school. The work 
will be so arranged as to give tlie students an opportu- 
nity of comparing the results of their experience with 
the latest results of psychological research into educa- 
tional processes. The Lectures will be illustrated by 
frequent references to the work in all classes of schools. 
For Syllalnis, see page 143. 

The Lectures will be delivered on Thursday Evenings 
at 7 o'clock, at the College, Bloomsiniry Square, W.C. 




T 



HE 



ASSOCIATED BOARD 

OF THE R.A.M. AXD R.C.M. 
FOR LOCAL EXAMIXATIOSS IN MUSIC. 

Patron: HIS MAJESTY THE KING. 



LOCAL CENTRE EXAillNATIOXS (Syllabus A). 
Examinations in Theory held in March and Xovember 
at all Centres. In Practical Subjects in JIarch-April 
at all Centres, and in the London District and certain 
Provincial Centres in November-December also. En- 
tries for the November-December Examinations close 
Wednesday, October 16th, 1912. 

SCHOOL EXAJIINATIOXS (Syllabus B), 
Held throughout the British Isles three times a year 
viz., June-.July, October-November, and JIarcli-April. 
Entries for the June-July Examinations close Wednes- 
day, Jlay 15th (Irish entries. May 1st), 1912. 

Specimen Theory Papers set m past years (Local Centre 
())• School) can be obtained on application. Price 3d. 
per set, per year, post free. 

The Board oilers annually SIX EXHIBITIONS, 
tenable at the R.A.M. or R.C.M. for two or three years. 

Syllabuses A and B, entry tonus and any further 
information will be sent post tree on application to— 
JAMES MVIR, Secretat-v, 

15 Bedford Square, London, W.C. 
Telegrams : " Associa, London." 



COLLEGE OF MUSIC. 

(Incorporated.) 



T ONDON 

Great Marlborough Street, Lohdoit, W. 

Patron : His Grace the Duke of Leeds. 

Dr. F. J. Karn, Mus.Bac. Cantab., Principal. 

G. Augustus Holmes, Esq., Director of Examinations. 



EXAMINATIONS, LOCAL AND HIGHER. 

The NEXT EXAMINATION in PIANOFORTE, 
ORGAN, VIOLIN, SINGING, ELOCUTION, THE- 
ORY of MUSIC, ic, will be held in London and 
over 400 Local Centres in .\pril. when Certificates will 
be granted to all successful candidates. The last day 
of Entrv is Friday, March 15. 

The Higher E-x'aminafions for the Diplomas of Asso- 
ciate (A.L.C.M.), Licentiate (L.L.C.M.), the Teachers' 
Diploma (L.C.M.), and Fellowship (F.L.C.M.) takeplace 
in April (Practical only), July, and December. 

New Local Centres may be formed : application 
for particulars should be made to the Secretary. 

School Centre examinations may also be arranged. 
Details in the special School Syllabus. 

SYLLABUS for 1912, with Annual Report and Forms 
of Entry, may be had of the Secretary. 

In the Educational Department students are received 
and thoroushlv trained under tlie best Professors at 
moderate fees. " The Spring Term beean January 8. 

A COURSE of TRAINING in Pianoforte and Singing 
for Teachers is held at the College. 

A SHOUT SERIES of Lessons in special Subjects may 
be had at Vacation and other times. 

T. WEEKES HOLMES, Secretary. 



EXAMINATIONS. 

Diplomas.— The Summer Examination of Teachers 
(or the Diplomas of the College will commence on the 
26th of August, 1912. 

Practical Examination forCertificates of 
Ability to Teach.— The next Practical Examina- 
tion will be held in Jlay. 1912. 

Examination of Foreign Teachers for 
Certificates of Proficiency in English. 
—These Exaiiuiiations may be held at any date. 

Certificate Examinations.— The Midsummer 
Examination for Certificates will commence on the 
25lh of June, 1912. 

Lower Forms Examinations. — The Mid- 
suwmer Examination will commence on the 25th of 
Jnne, 1912. 

Professional Preliminary Examinations.— 
These Examinations are held in March and September. 
The Spring Exauiination in 1912 will commence on the 
5th of March. 

Inspection and Examination of Schools. 
—Inspectors and Examiners are appointed by the 
College for the Inspection and Examination of Public 
and Private Schools. 

The Regulations for the above Examinations can be 
obtained on application to the Secretary. 

C. R. HODGSON, B.A., Secretary. 
Bloomsbury Square, W.C. 



BBAZENOSE, STAMFORD. 
BOARDING SCHOOL FOR GIRLS. 

Principals: 
Miss Kellett and Miss A. :M. Kelleit, L.L.A. 

RAINING DEPARTMENT in which 



TR. 
SI 



students are prepared for the Cambridge Teachers' 
Diploma and National Froebel Union Examinations 
under highly qualified 5Iistresses, 



Moderate fees. 



DENMARK HILL PHYSICAL 
TRAINING COLLEGE FOR TEACHERS, 
LONDON, S.E. 
(a) EDUCATIONAL SECTION 
for English and Swedish Gymnastics and Sports. 
(6) REMEDIAL SECTION 
for Massage and Remedial Swedish Movements. 
Principal: Miss E. Spelman Stasger, M.B.C.P.E. 
and S.T.M., Sunrsy Avenue, Denmark Hill, S.E. 



B 



TTNIVERSITY OF ST. ANDREWS. 

L.L.A. DIPLOMA FOR WOMEN. 

The attention of Candidates is drawn to the Ordinary 
and Honours Diplomas for Teachers, which are strongly 
recommended as suitable for those who are or intend to 

Examinations are held at Aberdeen, Birmingham, 
Blackburn, Brighton, Bristol, Cardiff, Croydon, Devon- 
port, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Hull, Inverness, Leeds, 
Liverpool, London, Manchester, Newcastle-on-Tyne, 
Norwich, Nottingham, Oxford. St. Andrews, Sheffield, 
Swansea, and several other towns. 

Information regarding the Examinations may be ob- 
lained from the Secretary L.L.A. Scheme, The 
University. St. Andrews. 



EDFORD COLLEGE FOR 

WOMEN 
(UNIVERSITY' OF LONDON), 

Y'OEK Place, Baker Street, Londox. W. 



Fourteenth Edition. 12mo. price 3s. 6d. 

XENOPHON'S ANABASIS, Books 
I to III. By A. K. IsBiSTER, M.A. 
With Notes, Vocabulary of all the Words in the Text, 
and a Series of Easy Reading Lessons for Beginners. 
Designed as a First Greek Reading Book in Schools. 
London: Longmans it Co.. Paternoster Row, E.C 



REID TRUSTEES' SCHOLARSHIP. 

One Scholarship, value £60 a year for three years, 
is offered by the Trustees on the result of the College 
Entrance Scholarship Examination. The scholar will 
be required to come into residence at the College in the 
October following the award. Further particulars on 
application to the Hon. Secretary to the Reid 
Trust, Bedford College. 

COLLEGE ENTRANCE SCHOLARSHIPS. 
Three Entrance Scholarsuips, one in Arts and 
two m Science, will be offered for competition in June 
next. viz. :~ 

Reid, in Arts, value £30 a, year for three .years. 
Pfeiiler, in Science,value £oO a year for thre^ years. 
Henry Tate, in Science, value £40 a year for two 
years. 
Full particulars on application to the Princip.il. 



LONDON UNIVERSITY 
D EGREES . 

Graduates nf other Universities, and those irho have 
passed certa'inspecijied examinations— O.K., The Oxford 
or Cambridge Senior Locals, &c.—may register as 
members in lieu of taking the Matrictdation E.mmina- 
Hon of London University. 

FREE GUIDES 



MATRICULATION. 

With the January, 1912, Papers and Articles on Text- 
Books. 

INTERMEDIATE ARTS. 

With Papers set in 1911, ;iiid ;i List of Text-Books for 
1912 and 1913. 

INTERMEDIATE SCIENCE. 

With Papers set m 1911, ;in(l :i Li-^t of Text-Books. 

BACHELOR OF ARTS. 

With Papers set in 1911, and particiilais as to Special 
Subjects for 1912 and 1913. 

BACHELOR OF SCIENCE. 

With Papers set in 1911, and advice as to the choice 
of Subjects, ic. 

I'ost free from the Secretary- 

"drnvcriiitv? Cori"e&poiii>encc Collecie, 

No. 15, BURLINGTON HOUSE, CAMBRIDGE. 



102 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[March 1, 1912. 



ABEKDARE HALL, CARDIFF.— 
RESIDENC K FOR "WOMEN STUDENTS 
OF THE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF SOUTH 
^YALES AND MONMOUTHSHIRE. 

Principal : Miss Kate Hcrlbatt. 
Fees £42. 10s., £37. 10s., and £32 peranmiiii. College 
tuition fees £12 per annum. Scholarships of £25 and 
£20, and Exhibitions of £10. awarded on the result of 
Scholarship Examination of University College. Cardiff, 
to be held in April. Students prepare for the B.A. and 
B.Sc. Degrees of the University of \Yales, and :i Medical 
School and Department for Secondary, Elementary, 
and Kindergiirten Training are attached to tlie College. 
Students with recognized academic qualifications can 
enter in October or January, for one year's Secondary 
Training Course. Apply tothe Pkincipai.. 



GORDON HALL, GORDON SQUARE, 

London, Vl.C. 

HALL OF RESIDENCE FOR LADIES. 

GORDON HALL was specially built 
as a Hall of Residence for University Students. 
It is beautifully situated opposite one of the finest \\'est 
End Squares. All the rooms are large, lofty, light, and 
comfortably furnished. 

Full Board and Residence from 55s. per week. 
Friends sharing room, on reduced terms. 
Yacation boarders received (July to September). 
Apply— The Priscipal. 



u 



PRIFYSGOL CYMRU. 

X I V E R S I T Y OF WALES. 



THE TWENTY-THIRD MATRICULATION EX- 
AMINATION will commence on iMonday, June 24th, 
1912. Particulars and Entry Forms may be obtained 
from the Registrar, University of Wales, I'nivei'sity 
Registry, Cathays Park, Cardiff. Application for Entry 
Forms must be made not later than Mondav, May 27th, 
1912. 



MARIA GREY TRAINING COL- 
LEGE FOR WOMEN TEACHERS is HIGH, 
SECONDARY, and PREPARATORY SCHOOLS. 

Principal: Miss Alice Woods, 
Girton College, Moral Science Tripos. 

Students admitted in January and September to pre- 
pare for the London and Cambridge Teachers' Diplomas 
and the Hieher Certificate of the National Froebel 
Union. SCHOLARSHIPS (from £15 to £30) ottered 
to Candidates with a degree or its equivalent, in Sep- 
tember 1912. 

WINKWORTH HALL OF RESIDENCE, 217 

Chevening Road, Brondesbury. For Students attending 
the Maria Grey College. 

Warden: Mrs. H. M. Felkis". 



There are some Bursaries for Students with degrees. 
The Loan Fund is available for all Students requiring it. 

The Hall is situated on high ground, close to the 
College and within one minute's walk of the Brondes- 
bury Park Station on the North London Railway. 

For particulars apply to the Principal, the Warden, 
or at the College, Salusbury Road, Brondesbury, London, 
N.W. 



REFORM of LATIN 
TE ACHI NG. 

SUMMER SCHOOL AT BANGOR. 

SEPTEMBER 4th to 13th, 1912. 



Director 



Dr. W. H. D. ROUSE. 



For particulars applv to Prof. Arnold, BiifGOR ; or 
Mr. W. L. Paink, 3 Bedford Place, Croydon. 



JOINT AGENCY FOR WOMEN TEACHERS, 

74 GowER Street, London, W.C. 

(Under the management of a Committee appointed by 

the Teachers' Guild. College of Preceptors, Head 

Mistresses' Association, Association of Assistant 

Mistresses, and M'elsh County Schools Association.) 

THIS Agency bas been established for 
tlie purpose of enabling Teachers to find work 
without unnecessary cost. All fees have therefore 
been calculated on the lowest basis to cover the 
working expenses. 

No Registi-ation Fees are charged to members of the 
above Associations, and their Commissions are reduced. 

Hours for Interviews: 

11 a.m. to 1 p.m., and 3 to 5 p.m. ; 
Saturdays, 11 a.m. to 1 p.m., and 2 to 3 p.m. 

"When possible, special appointments should be 
arranged. 

RepLstrar, Misa ALICE M. FOUNTAIN. 



BIRKBECK COLLEGE, 

Breams Buildixgs, Chaxcekt Laxe, E.U. 
Principal: G. Armitage-Smith, M.A., D.Lit. 

UNIVERSITY OF LONDON. 

COURSES OF STUDY (DAY AND EVENING) 

for tiie Deirrees of the University in 

ARTS, SCIENCE, LAWS, ECONOMICS, 

conducted by RECOGNIZED TEACHERS of the 

University. 
SUBJECTS.— Latin, Greek, English. French, German. 
Italian. Geography, History, Logic, Economics, British 
Constitution, Mathematics (Pure and Applied), Chem- 
istry, Physics, Botany, Zoology, Geology. 

Post-Graduate and Research Work. 
Particulars on application to the Secretary. 



TRINITY COLLEGE OF MUSIC (Instituted 1872) 

CJiainnan of Board : SIR FREDERICK BRIDGE. C.V.O.. M.A., Mus.D. 
Director of studies: G. E. BAMBRIDGE, F.T.C.L.. F.R.A. VI. 
Director of Examinations : C. W. PEARCE, Mus.D. 
Students may enter at any time, and are received for a single subject or the 
course. Day and Evening instruction, also by correspondence in Theoretical 
subjects. Thirty Open Scholarships tenable at the College, entitling holders to 
free tuition. Prospectus on application— 

SHELLEY FISHER, Secretary, 
Mandeville Place, Manchester Square. London, W. 



iJCHOOL OF NATURE STUDY AND GARDENING, 

O CLAPHAM, near "WORTHING. SUSSEX.— The Scheme of Nature Study 
and Gardening carried on at the above College will comprise a year's work. Plant 
and animal life will be studied in wood, field, and hedgerow, week by week. Prac- 
tical and theoretical instruction will be given side by side, but it will ever be kept 
in view that a wide practical knowledge is of the fir^t importance. Short Courses 
of one month and six uet-ks will be arranged in the summer if application be made 
in June pievious. A Special Nature Study and Gardening Course will be given 
during the Easter Holidays for a fortnight, at a fee of £5. 5s., inclusive of board, 
lodging, and tuition. 

Furtlier particulars from the Principals— ISIiss C. Cpacknell. JIiss F. Collins 

MR. BARRIER'S PRIVATE TOURING PARTIES. 

Recommended by E\peiieuced Truvellcrs from all parts of tlie Kingdom. 




SWITZERLAND. 

Villa Thamina, La Tour de Peilz. 

Xtar Jluiitreux, <>n Lake of Geneva. 
Mme BARIDON, widow of French Clergy- 
man, receives Girl Pupils. Bright 
home life. French only spoken. Excelleni 
Professors. Central heating. Sumiiicr and 
Winter Sports. Prospectus with references 
and views. Inclusive terms, £18 for three 
mouths. 



ROME, 
PARIS, 



EASTER CONDUCTED TOURS TO 



FLORENCE, 
BRUSSELS, 



VENICE, 
HOLLAND, &c. 



Excellent Hotels. Moderate (.'ost. Prospectus finm— 
MR. BARRIBR. 31 LIMB GROVE, SHEPHERD'S BUSH, W. 

EXAMINATIOIN PAPER 

AS U8BD BY THB 

In striot aooordanct with the Oollege requirements, and each Sheet 



bears their Watermark. 

Faoked In Beams of 480 Sheets . 
»60 



per Seam, 



8s. 

4s. 



ANSWER BOOKS FOR EXAMINATIONS IN BOOK-KEEPING. 

First Class (or Senior), 2d. each ; Second Class (or Junior), 4d. eaoli ; 

Third Class, 3d. each. Music Paper Is. per 100 sheets. 

{Postage extra.) Bemittance should accompany Order. 



F. W. SHELBOURNE & CO., Wholesale and Retail Stationers, 

63 H1«H HOLBOEN. LONDON. W.C. 



PRINTING FOR SCHOOLS 

AND EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES. 

Prospectuses, Reports, Testimonials, Magazines, SiC. 

THE RUGBY PRESS, RUGBY. 

Telegrams: " Hupkess, Ruguy." Nat. Tel. : 90 Rugby. 

The JOURNAL OF EDUCATION is 
a Monthly Record and Review, now in its 
FORTY-FOURTH YEAR OF ISSUE, The 
PREPAID ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTION 
is SEVEN SHILLINGS. A SINGLE 
COPY costs EIGHTPENCE post free. 
Ask for a SPECIMEN COPY, which will 
be sent at once if application is made to 
the PUBLISHER, William Rice, 3 Broad- 
way, Ludgate Hill, LONDON, E.C. 

MODERN SIDE ARITHMETIC: Examples Only. By 
Rev. T. MixciiESOX, B.A., late Assistant Master in City of London School. 
Part I., crown 8vo, cloth, pp. 119, Is. (Answers, Is. ; Teachers' Copy, with 
Answers, Is. 6d.) —Part II., crown 8vo, cloth, pp. 200, Is. 6d. {Answers, Is.; 
Teachers' Copy, with Answers, 2s.) — Complete in One Volume, crown 8vo, 
cloth, 2s. (Answers. Is. 6d. ; Teachers' Copy, with Answers, 3s.) 

London: FRANCIS HODGSON, 89 Farringdon Street, E.C. 



March 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



103 



ALEX. W. BAIN, B.A., B.Se. iHons.t, 
F.l.C, F.C.S., 

UXIVEK3ITT Tutor, Lectcreb, axd Examixer, 
prepares Students for 

MATRICULATION, INTER. ARTS & SCIENCE, 
AND DEGREE EXAMINATIONS, 

PROFESSIONAL PRELIMINARY 

AND DIPLOMA EXAMINATIONS. 

Day and Evenin?; Classes. Private and Correspondence 
Tuition at lowest (possible fees. 
23 years' uiiltroken reeord of over 2.000 successes. 
CORRESPONDENCE COURSES forMATKICULATION 
and INTER. ARTS and SCIENCE can be commenced 
at anv time. 

SPECIAL MORNING and EVENING MATRICULA- 
TION CLASSES, and AFTERNOON PROFESSIONAL 

PRELIMINARY CLASS. 
PRIVATE TUITION at all times for all E\aminations. 

Prospectus and all particulars from — 
:Mr. ALEX. W. BAIN, B.A., B.Sc, F.l.C, 
The Central Tutorial Classes, 
Vernon House, 

Sicilian .\ venue, Bloonisbur.v Square, \V.C. 



NORMAL 

FREE GUIDES. 

These Guides are supplied i^i-atis to all who 
mention this paper and state they intend sitting 
for examinution. 

NORMAL 

Free Guides. 





PAGES 


Oxford & Camb. Local 


128 


A.C.P 


90 


L.C.P 


98 


Matriculation (London) 


92 


Matriculation (Wales) 


72 


Northern Matric. 


BO 


Froebel Guide 


56 


L.L.A. Guide 


72 


Prelitninary Cert. 


120 


Certificate 


100 


Testimonials from hundreds 


of successful pupils sen 


t on 


application. 





NORMAL CORR. COLLEGE, 

47 llELFORD Road, East Dulwich, S.E., and 
110 Atondale Sqttaee, London, S.E. 



pORRESPONDENCB TUITlOiNT, 

vV Classes or Private Lessons in all Subjects for all 
EsHminations, Ac, at modei-at-e fees. Special tuition 
for Medical Prelims, and Diploma Exams. Many 
recentsuccesses.— F. J. Borland. B.A., L.C.P. (Science 
and Math. Prizeman), Victoria Tutorial College, 
28 Buckingham Palace Road, S.W. ; and Stalheim. 
Bnmswick Road, Sutton, Surrey. 
Schools visited and Examinations conducted 

CHERWELL HALL, OXFORD. 
TRAINING COLLEGE FOR WOMEN 
SECONDARY TEACHERS. 

Recognized by the Board of Education, by the 
Oxford University Delegacy for Secondary Training, 
and by the Cambridge Syndicate. 

Principal — W\&s Catuerink I. Dodd, M.A. 

(late Lecturer in Education, Manchester University). 

Students are prepared for the Oxford and London 

Teacher's Diploma and the Cambridge Teacher's 

Certificate. 

Fees for the Course from £65. 

Scholarships of from £40 to £20 open to Students with 
a degree on entry. There is a Loan Fund. 



BOOKS ! 



for all Examinations 
and on all Subjects. 



SECOND-HAND at HALF PRICES ! 

Thousands of new and second-hand Hooks. New at 25 „ 
Discount. Catalogues free ; state wants. Books bought. 

W. & G. ■pOTLE, 135 Charing Cross Road, Loadon, W.C, 



(Untuereitg ^utoriaf Coffege, 

LONDON. 

{AJJiliated to University Correspondence College.) 




2)a^ an^ lEvenino Classes 

MATRICULATION. 



Classes can be taken up at any time at pro- 
portional fees. 



PRIVATE TUITION. 

Private tuition may be obtained, either during Term 
or the ordinary School Vacations, in all subjects for 
London University and other Examinations. 



Since University Tutorial College was established 
in 1889 over 5,000 Students '•/ the College have passed 
London University Examinations. 



Fall particulars may be had, post free, from 
THE PRINCIPAL, 

University Tutorial College, 

Red Lion Square, Holborn, W.C. 



LAUSANNE. 



A K'GLO-SWISS INSTITUTE. 

HIGH-CLASS SCHOOL FOR SONS OF 
GENTLEMEN. 

Best in Switzerland. Limited number. Special in- 
dividual attention given to each boy. English system. 
Home life. 

French spoken throughout. 

References : H. W. Faire, Esq., 168 West Hill, Putney 
Heath. London; H.B.M. Consul, A. Galland, Esq.. 
Uiusanue ; R. Courtneidge, Esq., Shaftesbury Theatre, 
London ; Ac. kc. 



WELL adapted for a SCHOOL or 
s inilar Institution. StalTordshire. Hamnun-- 
wich, 6 miiiules' walk from Station and 3 niilei from 
Lichfield. 10 BE LET OR SOLD a charming Resi- 
dence containing Entrance Hall, 4 Reception Rooms, 
front and back stairs, n Bed and Drassing Rooms, 
2 JJ.Tthrooms, AV.C.'s, Kitchen, Scullery, &c. The house 
is situated at a high elevation, and with good stablmg, 
gardens, and grounds ; total area, 2 acres. For terms 
apply AViNTEKTO.v lV Sons. Estate Atrcnts. Lffhiield. 



lVr6SSl*S 

TRUMAN & KNIGHTLEY. 



gbitcaftonaC Jlgenfs, 



LTD., 



158 to 162 OXFORD STREET, 
LONDON, W. 

Directors : 

S. A. TRUMAN. F. E. KNIGHTLEY. 

JAMES HEARD, B.A. 

(Trinity College, Cambridge) 



Telegrams- "TUTOEESS, LONDON." 
Telephone-No. 1136 City. 

This Agency is under distinguished patronage, 

including that of the Principals of 

many of our leading Schools. 



A.— EMPLOYMENT DEPARTMENT. 



UNIVERSITE DE RENNES iFrance). 
FRENCH COURSE for FOREIGNERS 

OF BOTH SHX^S. 

WIKTKR TERM : From 15 Nov. to 15 Feb. 

SUMMER TERM : From 1 March to 8 Jtme. 

Diplomas. 

Dipldmes de Langue et Litt^rature Fi-an^aises ; Doctorat. 

Reduction of 50 % on railwa.v fares from Dieppe or 

Calais to Rennes. Appl.v for Prospectus to 

Prof. Fbuillerat, Faculte dps Lettres, Rennes. 



Cinuu 3\u, 348 pa^jes, price 3s. 6d. 

^C HILLING'S SPANISH GRAM- 

O M.\R. Tnmsluted & edited by Frederick Zagel. 
Frascis Hodgsox. 89 FarrinRdon Street London, E.G. 



(i) ASSISTANT MASTERS & TUTORS. 

MESSRS. TRUMAN 4 KNIGHTLEY intro- 
duce University and other qualified ENGLISH 
and FOREIGN MASTERS and TUTORS to 
Schools and Private Families. 

(ii) ASSISTANT MISTRESSES. 

MESSRS. TRUMAN 4 KNIGHTLEY intro- 
duce Universitv, Trained, and other qualified 
ENGLISH and FOREIGN LADY TEACHERS 
to Girls' and Boys' Schools. 

(lii) LADY MATRONS AND HOUSE- 
KEEPERS. 

.MKSSliS. 'I'lirSIAN A KNIGHTLEY intro- 
duce WL-11 qualified aud experienced L.\DY 
MATRONS. HOUSEKEEPERS, and HOUSE 
MISTRESSES to Boys' and Girls' Schools. 

No charge is made to Principals, and no charge 
of any kind is made to candidates unless an en- 

fagement be secured through this Agency, when 
he terms are most reasonable. 



B.— SCHOOL TRANSFER DEPARTMENT. 

A separate Department, under the direct 
management of one of the Principals, is devoted 
entirely to the negotiations connected with 
the Transfer of Schools aud Introduction of 
Partners. 

MESSRS. TRUMAN & KNIGHTLEY, being 
in close and constant communication with the 
Principals of nearly all the chief Girls' and 
Boys' Schools in the United Kingdom, to many 
of whom they have had the privilege of acting 
£is Agents, and having on their books always a 
large number of thoroughly genuine Schools 
for Sale and Partnerships to negotiate, as well 
as the names and requirements of numerous 
would-be purchasers, can offer unusual facilities 
for satisfactorily negotiating the TRANSFER of 
SCHOOLS, and arranging PARTNERSHIPS. 

No char<je I'.s made to Piirrhasers. 

All cojmnun'cations and itiquiries are treated 
in the strictest confidence. 

C.- PUPILS' DEPARTMENT. 

MESSRS. TRQMAN & KNIGHTLEY have 
a carefully organized Department for the 
introduction of Pupils to Schools and other 
Educational Establishments. No charge \s 
made for registration. 



Any negotiations entrusted to MESSRS. TRUMAN & 
KNIGHTLEY receive prompt and careful attention, 
every effort being made to save clients as much 
time and trouble as possible. 



full particulars will be forwurdei o» ajij/liuUu 



104 



Tin: EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[March 1, 1912. 



MESSRS. LONGMANS & CO.'S SCHOOL BOOKS. 

By BENJAMIN HALL KENNEDY, D.D., 

Late Regius Professor of Greek in the University of Cambridge. 

THE REVISED LATIN PRIMER. 2/6. 
A SHORTER LATIN PRIMER, l/-. 

EXERCISES ON THE SHORTER LA.TIN PRIMER. 

V.y ?r. G. and J. KENNEDY and H. WILKINSON, W.A. Crown 8vo, Is. 6d. 
A KEY for the Use of Masters only, 2s. 9d. net, post free. 



By F. RITCHIE, M.A. 
EXERCISES IN LATIN PROSE COMPOSITION. 

Crown 8vo, 2s. 6d. 
A KEY, for the use of Masters only. 3s. Sjd. net, post free. 

FABULAE FACILES. A First Latin Reader. Con- 
taining Detai-'hcd Sentences and Consecutive Stories. With Notes 
and Vocabulary. Crown 8vo, 2s. 6d. 

FIRST STEPS IN LATIN. Crown 8vo, Is. 6d. 

A KEY, fir the use of Masters only. 3s. SJd. net, post free. 

SECOND STEPS IN LATIN. Crown 8vo, 2s. 

FIRST STEPS IN GREEK. Crown 8vo, 2s. 

A PRACTICAL GREEK METHOD FOR BEGINNERS. 

By ]•'. Kncnu:, M.A., and E. Ji. JIooun, II. A. Crown Svo, 
3s. 6d. 
A KEY, for ttie use of Masters only. 5s. 2|d. net, post free. 

Easy Continuous Latin Prose. 



By ARTHUR SIDGWIGK, M.A. 

A FIRST GREEK WRITER. Crown Svo, 3s. 6d. 

J K1%Y, for the nse of ^[asters only. 5s. 2|d. net, post free. 

INTRODUCTION TO GREEK PROSE COMPOSITION. 

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March 1, 1912. 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



107 



CONTENTS. 



Page I 
Leader: A Working-class View of Education 107 j 

Notes lOS j 

Supply of Teachers— London University Buildings— Close Divinity I 

Degrees at Durliam— Another Welsh Grievance. 

Summary of the Month 109 

Universities and Colleges : Cambridge — Ruskin — Birmingham 111 i 

The College of Preceptors : 

Meeting of the Council 112 

The Neglect of German in our Schools : Appeal to Parents and 

Public Men (Tl'estmhisley Gazette) 113 

The Many-sidedness of Moral Education. Mrs. Bryant, D.Sc. , 

Litt.D ' IH 

Correspondence : Mural Paintings in Schools and other Build- 
ings — Home Music-Study Union 114 

The College of Preceptors : 

Teachers' Diploma Examination, Christmas 1911: Pass List 1 1 7 



Page 
The College of Preceptors {continued) : 

Certificate Examination, Christmas 1911 : Colonial and 
Foreign Class Lists 119 

Current Events 123 

Fixtures— Honours— Endowments and Benefactions— Scholarships 
and Prizes— Appointments and Vacancies— Literary— General. 

The Middleman in Education : Lecture by Prof. Adams, LL.D 127 

The Universities of the Empire 132 

The Educational Ladder 132 

Reviews 132 

James Hutchison Stirling : His Life and Work (.\melia Hutchison 
Stirling) — John Viriamu Jones ; and other Oxford Memories 
(Poulton)— Educational Charters and Documents, 598-1909 A.E. 
( Le.ieh )— Outlines of Education Courses in Manchester University 
— .Vnliarmonic Coordinates (Hiiiie). 

General Notices 134 

First Glances 138 

Mathematics 139 



XTbe lEbucattonal XTiines. 



Stephen Reynolds and Bob aud Tom WooUey are respoii- 

A Worhing-Class ^i^'® ^°i' ^^^ opinions expressed in a recent 

View book published under the title, "A Working- 

of Education. ^^,^^^^ yj^^^ ^^ Politics." Mr. Reynolds is 

the actual writer of the book, but he maintains that the two 
others are in the fullest sense co-authors with him. This is 
important ; for, since they are genuine working men, their 
effective share in the book gives force to its writer's claim 
that he is expressing the veritable views of the genuine 
working class. Naturally we are not here concerned with 
the political questions dealt with in the volume. But the 
views of its author on education cannot fail to interest our 
readers. Unfortunately we learn little that is pleasant for 
teachers to hear. " It does seem to us [the working class] 
that education is the biggest fraud ever forced upon us ; and 
the most dangerous too ; for it has been held forth so per- 
sistently and so loudly as a cure-all that even the poor 
themselves have been very largely deceived." This is a bad 
beginning, and we cannot comfort ourselves by assuming 
that the diatribe is a disguised political attack. The authors 
attempt to justify their condemnation by adducing educa- 
tional arguments. Like so many other critics, they object 
to the continual discussion of curricula. " Blessed word, 
' curriculum ' ! Always in the mouths of bad teachers, 
because it sounds so large and means so little." 

But, as so frequently happens in educational discussions, 
the contemner of the word cannot help entering upon a dis- 
cussion that is really a discussion of curricula. "They 
don't teach them nort useful, and they puts 'em off learning 
for themselves." There we have it. Even the working- 
class cannot keep their tongues off the curriculum. The 
charge is that the education received at school is not useful, 
and takes up the time and attention that might be given to 
matters that are of real importance in the life-work of the 
masses. Something is said in the volume in lukewarm 
praise of certain continuation evening schools that have a 
vocational bias. But clearly the bias is not sufficient to 
meet the wishes of the working classes as represented by 
Bob and Tom WooUey. Among certain classes there is a 
cult of the unuseful. Not many years ago a writer in 



Blackwood's Magazine maintained that one of the most 
powerful arguments in favour of retaining the medievall 
curricu'lum of the old Universities was the uselessness of 
the subjects it contained. Lady Verney would no doubt 
reason with the Woolleys and try to persuade them that the 
school period is the only time when their youngsters will 
ever have the chance of acquiring knowledge that is vaki- 
able merely in itself, and that there will be plenty of oppor- 
tunities during the rest of life for the picking up of what 
is technically known as useful knowledge. But, if we are 
to believe this book, the working classes are determined to 
have useful knowledge in the people's schools and to have 
it at once. 

If the Woolleys are really representative of the opinions of 
their class there is balm in store for the wounded spirits 
of those who have watched with alarm the recent advances 
of democrac}^ Here we have the comforting side of the 
picture: the working classes determined to keep themselves 
to themselves, and to bring up their young people to follow 
in their ovpn footsteps. Here there is no desire to seize at 
every opportunity to rise above the humble state to which 
they are born. Mr. Benjamin Kidd, in his " Social Evolu- 
tion," emphasizes the conflict that has always taken place 
between the upper and the lower class. 

Citizen and slave, patrician and plebeian, feudal lord and serf, privileged 
classes and common people, leisured cla.sses and working masses, have 
been steps in a process of development. In the " educated classes " and 
the "uneducated classes" we have only the same distinction under 
subtler and even less defensible form ; for the right to education in its 
highest forms now remains largely independent of any other qualification 
than the possession of mere riches to secure it ; it constitutes, iu fact, one 
of the most exclusive, and at the same time one of the most influential, of 
the privileges of wealth. 

Mr. Kidd is convinced that higher education, which is "one 
of the last principal strongholds of the retreating party," 
will be ultimately captured by the masses. But the time is 
evidently not yet, if Bob and Tom WooUey are true wit- 
nesses. Higher education is a fraud, and they will none of it 
But the short-sighted policy of the Woolleys is met by 
the benevolent foresight of educational administrators. 
Hu.xley's educational ladder with one end in the gutter and 
the other in the University has captured the imagination 
of the generous-minded British public, and there is no lack of 
scholarships to enable the intellectually capable poor boy or 
girl to climb the ladder in comparative comfort. The diffi- 
culty is sometimes said to be to find a sufficient number of 



108 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[March 1, 1912. 



really capable young people wlio have tlie necessary lack 
of means to qualify them for tlie aid prepared for them. 

But may not the Woolley doctrine be less short-sighted 
than it appears ? While practically every one agi-ees that 
no gifted child should now be left without an opportunity 
of developing his powers to their utmost, there are many 
who fear that intellectual training is being forced, in undue 
measure, upon those for whom it is little suited. Mr. Rey- 
nolds, in his book, emphasizes the relative unimportance of 
the intellectual as compared with the intuitional, and in his 
pieface has much satisfaction in calling in M. Henri Berg- 
son as a witness on his side. This view he has probably 
instilled into his two working men friends ; but it does not 
seem that any philosophical view is at the root of their 
opinions. They want their offspring to be good working 
men, who will be worthy successors to themselves ; and who 
.?hall say that they are wrong, provided their prejudice does 
not prevent the more bookishly inclined among their young- 
sters from having the chance of following a natural bent ? Our 
general education is no doubt too bookish, yet there is, just 
now, a I'eaction against books that should warm the Woollej' 
hearts. But it must not be forgotten that, at the present 
moment, there is also a reaction in the United States in 
favour of the older culture studies at the Universities. This 
action and reaction between book work and practical woi-k 
is natural and indeed inevitable. But there is no reason 
why the fight should not be carried on within the same 
school. There is a struggle going on at present in America 
to introduce a certain amount of not merely manual, but 
definitely vocational, work into the high schools, and that as 
much to preserve the culture subjects as to further the 
■aeeful. The alternative is said to be flourishing high schools 
with a vocational element, or languishing high schools side 
by side with flourishing trade schools from which culture is 
eliminated. The unknown ideal that the WooUeys ignor- 
antly worship is a public elementary school in which a 
vocational bias is given to a course that is as full of general 
culture as is possible in the case of pupils of the tender age 
that comes under the compulsory clause. 

NOTES. 



The question of an adequate supply of teachei'S in the 
Supply public elementary schools has again been 



of 
Teachers. 



raised with some urgency. In the end of 
January an important Conference on the 
Supply and Training of Teachers for Public Elementary 
Schools, attended by representatives of Local Education 
Authorities all over the North of England, was held at 
Leeds. The Conference adopted a resolution affirming the 
inadequacy of the number of bursars and pupil-teachers 
that have been entering the teaching profession in recent 
yeai's to meet the requirements in the areas of the Author- 
ities, if the staffing of the schools is to remain sufficient. It 
also passed a resolution calling upon the Government to pro- 
vide funds to enable Local Education Authorities to errant 
maintenance allowances to children selected to meet the per- 
centage of free places in secondary schools required by the 
Board. The London County Council, too, has been con- 



sidering how to stop the " considerable falling off in the 
number of candidates coming forward for the preliminaiy 
stages of the teaching profession." A sub-committee of the 
Education Comm.ittee reported that any restriction on ad- 
mission other than those necessary to secure a satisfactory 
standard of character, health, intellect, and attainments, 
should be temporarily suspended. So pupils from schools 
of established reputation, though not on the Board of Edu- 
cation list of " efficient secondary schools," should be con- 
sidered on their merits for the Council's scholarships for 
intending teachers, the existing rule, requiring three yeai-s' 
previous attendance in an " efficient secondary school," 
being suspended. Another suggestion is to render it easier 
for uncertificated teachers to enter college ; and so " we are 
of opinion that uncertificated teachers in the London service 
who enter a training college should be regarded as eligible 
for the Council's college allowance of £15 (women) or £18 
(men), as the case niay be." Palliatives, no doubt ; but the 
whole questioai presses for statesmanlike consideration on 
large grounds and with bold outlook. 



The space that has been opened up between the extension 
London °^ ^^^^ British Museum and Torrington 

University Square appears to be very suitable for the 

new buildings in view for the University 
of London. It would establish the business premises in a 
very central position, and bring them into close connexion 
with University College, the most important of the consti- 
tuent institutions of the University, leaving open the oppor- 
tunity of an eventual consolidation. We shall heartily 
welcome such a distinguished educational neighbour. But 
we must repeat, with all possible emphasis, that, however 
necessary a new building may be for clerical and ornamental 
purposes, the first charge upon fresh funds must be the 
adequate endowment of the teachers — the vital part of the 
University — too many of whom are still very insufficiently 
provided for. Buildings do not make a University ; and 
teachers that have to find their living in other pursuits 
cannot be expected to contribute their share of original 
work, which alone will maintain the honour of the institu- 
tion. It is strangely difficult to get people to understand 
this, but Loi'd Haldane and his Commission can have no 
illusions on the point. 



The Senate of the University of Durham propose to 

admit Nonconformists to their Divinity 
Close Divinity , j -r • . i i ii mi 

Degrees. degrees ; and, it we mistake not, the Theo- 

logical Faculty has, over and over again, 
expressed its opinion in favour of such a course. But the 
thing cannot be done without the sanction of the Visitor of 
the University, who happens to be the Bishop of Durham. 
The Bishop has wrestled with the question for some time, 
consulting the minoi'ity in the Senate and other more or less 
important persons, meditating on the practice elsewhere, 
and carefully refusing to be guided by any opinion of his 
own. At last he has decided to veto the proposal. Ap- 
parently he has been largely influenced by the example of 
Oxford and Cambridge, which, he thinks, should lead the 



March 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES 



1U9 



way. The world, however, does not wait ceremouiously 
upon the leading of O.xford and Cambiidge, and there is 
little reason for surprise at the vigour of criticism that has 
been poured upon the Bishop's decision. Degrees are but 
small things in critical company ; but, still, it does seem 
ridiculous that, in the year of grace 1912, they should not 
be open to everybody on equal terms. 



The Govei'nment grants to the University Colleges, 

though recently largely increased, are far 
Another Welsh „ ,. .,, ,, , .,, 

Grievance. irom corresponding with the needs, or with 

the reasonable claims, of the various par- 
ticijjants. The Welsh educationists, some of whom are at 
their wits' end for funds, also discern an inequality of distri- 
bution. They see that Leeds gets over £14,000, while Bangor 
has to be content with £1,1.30, and Cardiff with £3,200, 
and they feel hurt. The Board of Education, however, will 
not draw the purse-strings till the Local Authorities have 
raised a certain equivalent — an attitude that is at this 
moment the despair of Hartley University College as well 
as of Cardiff. There is a sound basis of practical reason in 
this attitude of the Board ; but the virtue of rigidity may 
be carried too far. Indeed, Principal Griffiths has noted that 
Mr. Birrell applied a different rule to Ireland. " In Wales," 
says Dr. Griffiths, " help is not to be given save in conse- 
quence of local generosity. In Ireland, help is to be given in 
order that generosity may be ai'oused." Here then arises " a 
flagrant anomaly," all through the perversity of Ireland. 
The fact is that the question is a national question, and 
demands to be treated on principles flexible enough to 
satisfy the reasonable claims of institutions in different 
conditions. 



SUMMARY OP THE MONTH. 

The British Association meets this year at Dundee on Septem- 
ber 4 under the presidency of Prof. E. A. Schafer, Edinburgh. 
The sectional presidents will be: ilathematical and Physical 
Science: Prof. H. L. Callendar. Chemistry: Prof. A.. Senier. 
Geology: Dr. B. N. Peach. Zoology: Dr. P. Chalmers Mitchell. 
Geography: Sir C. M. Watson. Economic Science and Statis- 
tics: Sir H. H. Cunynghame. Engineering: Prof. A. Barr. 
Anthropology: Prof. G. Elliott Smith. Physiology: Mr. 
Leonard Hill. Botany: Prof. P. Keeble. Educational Science: 
Prof. J. Adams. Agriculture: Mr. T. H. Middleton. Agri- 
culture will form the subject of a full section for the first 
time. Prof. W. H. Bragg and Prof. A. Eeith have been 
appointed to deliver the evening discourses. 



At the Teachers' Guild Holiday Courses last year, held at 
Honfleur, Liibeck, and Santander, there were in all 102 students 
as compared with 92 in 1910, and this in spite of the fact that 
the proposed course at Neuwied had to be abandoned through 
lack of entries. Of these students 38 were at Honfleur, 59 
at Liibeck, and 5 at Santander. The students were as a whole 
regular in their attendances at the lectures and classes, and 
certificates of attendance were granted to 37 at Honfleur, 50 at 
Liibeck, and all at Santander. Very few entries were receiA-ed 
for the examinations — 4 at Honfleur, of whom 2 took the 
written as well as the oral, 8 for the oral only at Liibeck. 



Thk London Education Committee have decided that the 
ultimate establishment of the liigher technical staff of the 
Education Officers' Department shall comjjrise the following: — 
A Deputy Education Officer with a salary of £800 a 3"ear, rising 



by annual increments of £50 to £1,000 a year; a Chief Clerk 
with a salary of £800 a year, rising by annual increments of 
£50 to £900 a year; two Assistant Education Officers with 
salaries of £500 a 3'ear, rising by annual increments of £25 
to £800 a year; and six Principal Assistants, four with salaries 
of £-100 a year, rising by annual increments of £25 to £600 
a year, and two with salaries of £400, rising to £500 a year. 
The ultimate cost will be £6,900 a year, as against £0,200 
at present. 

The building of an addition to the Imperial College of 
Science and Technology — namely, the Botanical Institute in 
Prince Consort Eoad — has been already begun. Sir Aston Webb, 
R.A., has designed a four-story building, about 120 ft. long 
b}' about 50 ft. deep. It is intended to be ready for occupation 
by the opening of the next session. The two lower floors will 
be demoted to the general botanical work of the College, which 
is now carried on at the Eoj^al College of Science in Exhibition 
Eoad. The two upper floors ha,\& been expressly designed for 
the new department of Plant Physiology and Pathology. A 
feature of the top floor will be the greenhouse laboratory, 
25 ft. by 20 ft., the first of its kind in the United Kingdom. 
With a cement floor and glass roof it will combine the advan- 
tages of a greenhouse and a laboratory-. On the same floor 
will be a ph_ysiological laboratory and a professor's room, and 
a research laboratory for him as well as one for his assistant, 
besides five other research rooms. ' On the floor below will be 
a bio-chemical laboratory, pathological laboratory, a bacterio- 
logical laboratory, a constant temperature room, and two more 
research rooms. The whole building is estimated to cost about 
£14,000 The aim is to make the department a centre for research 
of scientific and economic importance as well as to equip students 
for appointments throughout the Empire. Hitherto the demand 
for such men lias been in excess of the supply from the United 
Kingdom, and it has been necessary to go to Germany for 
fully qualified men. 

The fourteenth Aimual Meeting of the Moral Education 
League was held at the Eoyal Society of Arts (February 13). 
The Annual Eeport recorded a steady increase of svipport at 
a time when the " religious difficulty " in education was not 
actively before the country, and as a result of purely educa- 
tional work apart from political conflicts of the hour. During 
the year the League's official Demonstrator, Mr. F. J. Gould, 
had delivered over fifty Demonstration Moral Lessons in many 
parts of Great Britain and Ireland, and nearly the same number 
of lessons in leading cities of the United States of America. 
These included lessons before the staffs and students of ten 
training colleges in England and AVales, and bef o: e three Uni- 
versity Summer Schools in the United States of America. 
Among the audiences were persons of the greatest variety of 
religious, political, and social opinions. The League claims 
to have exercised during the year a not inconsiderable influence 
in India, Prance, Tasmania and the United States of America. 
In France a Moral Education League, under the most repre- 
sentative and influential auspices, had been created; in India the 
League's book of moral lessons for use in schools and families 
in India (" Youth's Noble Path," published in May by Messrs. 
Longmans) had been adopted by the University of Calcutta, 
the Government of Bengal, and, in large part, by the Govern- 
ment of Bombay. The Tasmanian Education Department had 
provided for moral lessons in all grades of its piimary schools, 
and had adopted for this instruction two of the League's publi- 
cations; while in the U.S.A. active steps had been taken toward 
the foundation of an American Moral Education League. The 
Eeport states incidentally that the League has members in 
twenty-one countries outside the United Kingdom, and that 
the membership includes Catholics, Anglicans, Nonconformists, 
Jews, Unitarians, Ethicists, Eationalists, Positi^ists, Hindu.-, 
Mohammedans, Parsees, and Buddhists. The Annual Aildress 
was delivered by Mrs. Bryant, D.Sc, Litt.D., on "'Tlie ifany- 
Sidedness of Moral Education." (See p. 114 below.) 

A MEETING of the Leicester, Leicestershire, and Eutlaiid Asso- 
ciation of Secondary School Teachers was held at Leicester on 
February 10, Mr. W. A. Brockington, President, in the Chair. 



110 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[March 1, 1912. 



Mr. Bro(-^kingtoii gave au address on the Report of the Board 
of Education Consultative Committee as to Examinations in 
Secondarj' Schools. The following resolutions were adopted: 
(1) "That, in the opinion of this Association, the multiplicitj' 
of Competitive Examinations should be corrected, and a definite 
attempt made by the Board of Education by means of con- 
ferences to unify the demands of the Universities and other 
examining bodies." (2) " That, while regarding external exam- 
inations as a wholesome stimulus and a healthy objective in 
secondary-school life, this Association is of the opinion that 
they should be based as closely as possible on the teachers' 
syllabus (of a definite standaid) ; and that their results should 
be corrected, especially in border-line cases, by the school 
record, and supplemented with interview examinations by the 
Inspectors of the Board of Education." (3) "That the aboli- 
tion of an external examination of tlie Junior Local standard is 
not desirable." (4) " That, in the event of a Central Examina- 
tions Council being established, the Uni\-ersitie.s should remain 
separate school-examining bodies, under general coiitiol." 



The Attorney-General presided at a dinner in support of the 
funds of the Education Aid Society (Februarj' 10) in the Savoy 
Hotel. The Society, which was formed by a Committee of 
Maccabaians, has been in existence four years and, as Sir Eufus 
Isaacs explained, its object is to help to promote, develop, 
and preserve talents possessed by members of the Jewish com- 
munity which otherwise might be wasted. Persons who were 
specially gifted were hindered, liarassed, and very often pre- 
vented by straitened means from pursuing careers for wTiich 
they were eminently fitted in connection with music, science, 
literature, or art. The funds of the Society were used to 
assist budding culture in such a way as to obtain the best 
possible retui'n for the money spent, so that they might be 
said to exercise philanthropy in a businesslike spirit. A com- 
mittee of exjierts considered the qualifications of the various 
applicants for assistance as regards ability, capacity, and, above 
all, character, which was a most important element in all their 
considerations, selecting only those with special gifts who were 
likely to become ornaments of the community. It was announced 
that subscriptions had been promised to the amount of £5,200, 
with a further £100 on condition of the total sum of £6,000 
required being raised in the course of the week. 



A ST.iTEMEKT in reference to the operation of the llhodes 
Scholarship Scheme during the past year has been issued. The 
number of scholars in residence at Oxford in the course of the 
year was 176, of whom 11 were from the Dominions, 89 from 
the United States, and 10 from Germany. The scholars in 
residence were distributed among the different courses oF study 
in the University as follows: — Advanced or Specialized Courses 
—Law (B.C.L. Degree) 11, Letters (B.Litt. Degree) 10, Medi- 
cine 10, Science (B.Sc. Degree) 6; Honour Schools for the B.A. 
Degree — Literee Humaniores It, Jurisprudence 44, Natural 
Science 23, History 18, Theology 10, English Literature 8, 
Mathematics 6, Modern Languages 3; Diplomas — Economics 11, 
Forestry 6, Anthropology 2, Geography 1, Rural Economy 1; 
Indian Civil Service 1. The examination results show two 
First Class in Final Honour schools, one in Natural Science 
and the other in Jurisprudence. Lists of those who proceeded 
to degrees and of athletic distinctions are given. The following 
list indicates the lines of work taken up by Rhodes Scholars 
who left Oxford during the five years 1906-1910 inclusive: — 
Education 84, Law 06, Religious Work 19, Civil Service (Ger- 
many) 13, Medicine 11, Scientific Work 9, Business 8, Journal- 
ism 5, Mining and Engineering 5, Agriculture 3, Diplomatic 
Service (Germany) 3, Diplomatic and Con.sular Ser\iee 
(U.S.A.) 2, Indian Civil Service 2, Forestry 2, Consular Service 
(British) 1, Colonial Service 1, Ai'my 1, Secretarial Work 1, 
Miscellaneous and Unknown 10. 



The Education Committee of the London County Council 
have consented, at the request of the Royal Society of Arts, 
to undertake the supervision of the Society's E.xaminations 
within the limits of the Administrative County of London. 
It is hoped that the additional authority added to the Examin- 
ations by the influence of the Education Committee will in- 



crease the value of the certificates, and it is also expected 
that, by placing the supervision of the Examinations in the 
hands of one responsible body instead of a number of Local 
committees, the completely satisfactory conduct of the Examin- 
ations will be ensured. The number of candidates examined 
last year in the County of London was upwards of 10,000. 



The class lists of the Cambridge Local Examinations held in 
December last show that the total number of candidates en- 
tered was 9,557, exclusive of 3,870 candidates who were ex- 
amined at Colonial centres. In the Senior Examination 87S 
boys and 917 girls satisfied the examiners, 75 boys and 10 
girls being placed in the First Class; 439 boys and 169 girls 
showed sufficient merit to entitle them to exemption from one 
or botli paits of the Piovious Examination. Of the Junior can- 
didates 1,685 boys and 1,038 girls passed, the numbers of those 
placed in the First Class being 117 and 12 respectively. In 
the Preliminar}^ Examination 1,306 boys and 815 girls passed. 
The awards of scholarships and prize?, the examiners' reports, 
and the tables showing the success or failure of the individual 
candidates in each section, will be iniblished in March. 



We regret to record the death of Miss Rosa Morison, Lady 
Superintendent of Women Students at University College Hall 
since 1883. Miss Morison began her educational career at 
Queen's College, London, where she was an associate, and after- 
wards a tutor. There she met Miss Eleanor Grove, and the 
two women became lifelong friends and co-workers in the cause 
of women's education. They were associated in the founding 
of College Hall, Byng Place, as a hall of residence for the 
students of tlie School of Medicine for Women, and for women 
students of University College, London. They presided over 
College Hall for eighteen years— from 1882 to 1900— Miss Grove 
in the capacity of Principal and IMiss Morison for nearly the 
whole period in that of Vice-Piincipal. Miss Morison's sphere 
of activity was enlarged when in 1883, on the creation of the 
office of Lady Superintendent of Women Students at University 
College, she was elected to that post. Miss Morison's policy 
throughout has been to act as g-uide and friend to the students 
under her charge, and to promote the sense of responsibility 
and self-government that should characterize University 
students. Her large-hearted wisdom and kindly outlook on 
life were perhaps her outstanding characteristics. At the time 
of hei- death she was busily engaged in furthering the scheme for 
the rebuilding of College Hall. 



The Rev, Dk. F.«ebaihn, Principal-Emeritus of Mansfield 
College, Oxford, died in London in his se\eut\^-fourth year. A 
native of Edinburgh, he laboured at Bathgate (West Lothian)and 
in Aberdeen, as Principal of Airedale College (1877-86), and as 
first Principal of Mansfield College (1886-1909). He was iluir 
Lecturer in Edinburgh University (1879-82); Gilford Lecturer 
in Aberdeen Universitj^ (1892-94); Ljanan Beechor Lecturer at 
Yale (1891-92); and Haskell Lecturer (1898-99) in India. He 
was an honorary M.A. and D.Litt., Oxford; honorary D.D. 
Edinburgh, Yale, Wales, and Manchester; LL.D. Aberdeen; 
D.Theol. Gottingen; and an original Fellow of the British 
Academy. He published numerous A^oiks in philosophy and 
theology. 

Dk. Fbederic Seebohm died at Hitchin at the age of seventy- 
nine. His " Oxford Reformers: Colet, Erasmus, and More," 
published in 1867, his best work, still remains fresh and in- 
dispensable. " The Era of the Protestant Revolution " (1874) 
in Longmans' " Epochs of Modern History " was a sort of 
continuation of the same line of study — an excellent com})re- 
hensive survey of the sixteenth century. " The English Village 
Community" (1883) destroyed the German theory of the Mark, 
but has itself been undermined by the more recent studies of 
Vinogradoff, Maitland, and other scholars. Dr. Seebohm also 
wrote stimulating works on " The Tribal System in AVales " 
and " The Tribal Custom in Anglo-Saxon Law." He was LL.D. 
of Edinburgh, Litt.D. of Cambridge, and D.Litt. of Oxford. 



March 1, 1912.] 



THE BDDCATIONAL TIMES. 



Ill 



We regret to report the death of Mrs. Margaret Byors, 
LL.D., at Belfast, in her seventy-ninth year. Slie was the 
widow of the Rev. John Byers, M.A., and the mother of Sir 
John Byeis, of Queen's University, Belfast. The founder and 
since 1859 the Principal of Victoria College, Belfast, she has 
been prominent in pioneer educational work, and contributed 
lai-gely to the movement for the promotion of the higher edu- 
cation of women in Ireland. Mrs. Byers was tlie first Ulster 
woman to receive an honorary degree from a University — tlio 
degree of LL.D. being conferred upon her by the Royal Uni- 
versity of Ireland a few years ago. A member of the Senate of 
the Royal University, Mr. Byers was founder, in connexion 
with other ladies, of the Belfast Ladies' Temperance Union 
and Christian Workers' L'nion, out of wliich sprang the Belfast 
Prison Gate Mission for women and the Victoria Homes for 
the reclamation and training of neglected and destitute girls. 
In 1905 Mrs. Byers was presented with a testimonial by old 
pupils and personal friends in recognition of her long, coura- 
geous, and successful efforts in the cause of education. 

Dr. Martin Howy Irving, son of Edward Irving, the cele- 
brated preaclier and founder of the Catholic Apostolic Church, 
died in his 81st year. He received his early education at 
King's College School, London, where he gained a scholarship 
in Classics and Mathematics, and afterwards, in Kovember, 1818, 
matriculated at Balliol College, Oxford, of which he became a 
scholar in the same j^ear. Later he gained a University Mathe- 
matical scholarship and graduated with a First Class in Classics 
and a Second Class in Mathematics. On leaving Oxford ho was 
appointed second master at the City of London School, but 
within a year or so he went to Victoria, Australia, and was 
appointed to the Chair of Classics and English in the Uni- 
versity of Melbourne, which he filled until 18Y1, when he 
accepted the Head Mastership of Wesley College, Melbourne. 
This post he occupied for about five years, and then became 
Head Master of the Hawthorn Grammar School. When, in 
1884, the control of the Civil Service of Victoria was removed 
from the domain of politics and placed in the hands of a 
permanent body called tlie Public Service Board, Professor 
Irving was nonunated a Commissioner, and he acted in that 
capacity for a period of eight years. He was Chairman of the 
Melbourne Board of the Australian Mutual Provident Society 
for some years, and after serving for some time in the Volun- 
teers was commanding officer of the 1st Battalion Victorian 
Militia from 1884 to 1890. The honorary degree of LL.D. 
was conferred on him by Glasgow LTniversity in 1902. 



UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES. 

{From our otcn Correspondent). 

Moke endowments. The spoil of the tax-payer is coming our 
waj-, and the Agricultural Department is tliankful 
Cambridge. for this beginning of good things. The astound- 
ing fact is that the Board of Agriculture have 
•extracted from the Treasurer a large sum to be expended on us 
and by us in the way of establishing research institutions. The 
subjects of this research are plant breeding and animal nutrition. 
A capital grant of £18,000 and ayearly subscription of about 6t,000 
are no mean things to extract from any Government department, 
but there is absolutely no doubt the outlay will bring back a return 
of a thousandfold. Prof. Wood and Prof. Biilen are both com- 
petent persons, in spite of their Professorships. 

Without any fuss or blowing of trumpets. Dr. Jamieson Hurry 
lias founded a Reseai'ch Studentship in Physiology, and with 
characteristic modesty wishes the studentship to be associated 
with the name of Sir Michael Foster, who did so much for the 
study of physiology in the University. Of course it is heresy, 
but it is just possible that as much valuable work will be done by 
any one of these research students as would be achieved by some 
professors during their whole professorial life. Again, be it 
noted that every department of the scientific side in Cambridge 
is going strong. Our teachers are strenuous and self-sacrificing, 
while the results are a splendid enthusiasm and, what is better, 
■the appreciation of the outside world. 

There is a little discussion going on about the remodelling of 
the Classical Tripos. A great deal of argument centres round 
tlie burning question of Hexameters and Iambics: shall our 
joung men do verse or worse — Extinction or alternatives .'' Some 



are for one, some for the other. The spirit of the age says men 
must learn something that pays before they leave Cambridge. 
Composition prose and vei-se merely puts a fine finish on the 
intellectual apparatus ; you cannot gauge its value in £. s. d. 
So it will go. 

The publication of the reports anent the special examination 
reveals the fact that last June roughly 49 per cent, of the candi- 
dates were plucked in Part I of the Law Special and 43 per cent, 
in the Second. Three of the four examinees are being replaced 
this term by new men ; so we may hope for a return to the normal. 

It seems quite settled that the Solar Physics Observatory will 
be established in Camljridge, and that the Treasury will give 
£5,500 on capital account in addition to a maintenance grant of 
£3,000 a year. It is a good thing for us that one of our repre- 
sentatives is Sir Joseph Larmor. 

Yet another benefaction. There is to be a new Lectureship 
created on the subject of Experimental Morphology, and as 
Prof. Gardiner is providing the stipend of £50 for five years, 
the appointment will be made forthwith. Mr. C. Shearer, M.A., 
of Clare, is to be offered the post; lie has just returned to Cam- 
bridge, and will thus, under official sanctiou,'carry on the work 
in the field of research associated with the names of Loeb and 
Driesch. 

The number of matriculations for the current academical year 
has now reached 1,140, including a larger number than usual of 
our friends from the Orient. As we are a seat of learning 
addicted to mathematical studies we may justly pride our- 
selves on the fact that numbers count — and pay fees. 

An interesting debate has been held at the Union. Naval 
topics were up for discussion. Mr. R. Yerburgh, M.P., advocated 
the "two keel to one" policy, while the chief speaker on the other 
side was Mr. Norman Angell, of " great illusion " fame. Mr. 
Angell's speech was an intellectual treat, and excited the en- 
thusiasm of a house which was not altogether in agreement with 
his views. 

In matters political we have had much movement, and expect 
more. Lord Selborne, as the guest of the new Carlton Club, 
delivered a political oration which has won applause from friends 
and foes alike, and is billed to speak again on the last day of 
February on the subject of the vote for women. 

The Fabian Society continues its course of unobtrusive useful- 
ness in preaching the doctrines which the more moderate of tbe 
party do not care to profess in public. 

The Association match was a welcome break in the continuity 
of Cambridge disasters, but the Boat Race will probably damp 
our rising hopes. There is some chance of a race. Up to the 
time of writing, the crew have been taking a short holiday, and 
in all probability practice will be renewed with a crew which 
will include D. C. Collins and Arbuthnot, the President, in lieu 
of Dobb and Ayliff. The last named is a hard working and 
trustworthy oar, and it is a pity a place cannot be found for him. 
In accordance with a prophecy in these notes, Swann is duly in- 
stalled at stroke, and this is an element of hopefulness. 

Apropos of the race the following is a true story. One of the 
crew last year was returning by late train from Mortlake. 
Casual stranger asks him if he had been to the Boat Race. 
" Yes." " Did you see it well ? " " Saw some of it." " Where 
did you see it from, the bank or Barnes Bridge ? " " From 
a boat," was the reply. "Ah," said the casual stranger, "and 
got left behind as usual." " Ahem, yes— " said the Blue. 

There is a slight epidemic of measles ; several colleges are 
affected, and some cases have been serious. The skating epidemic 
was severe while it lasted. Now there is thaw and much Cam- 
bridge mud. 

While these notes are being written the last races are in 
progress. Jesus are likely to slog ahead, but First Trinity are a 
better and faster boat, and will make it lively for them. 

Prof. Verrall's countless friends will be glad to hear that his 
serious illness has taken a turn for the better, and we hope soon 
to see the invalid at work again. 

A variety theatre in Barnwell, having barred the attendance of 
undergraduates, is able to announce to its patrons that " a well 
conducted and orderly entertainment is assured." 

We go down on March 15— witliout any feelings of regret. 



In spite of the bad weather there was a largo gathering at 

Ruskiu College, Oxford (February 8), on the 

Oxford— occasion of the laying of the foundation stones 

Kuskin of the new buildings of the College in Walton 

Street. The buildings will cost something 

over £9,000 and will consist of a hall, to be known as the 



112 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[Marcli 1, 1912. 



Jiuxtoii Memorial Hall, in memory of the late Mr. C. S. Buxton, 
formerly Vice-Principal of the College, who bequeathed £5,000 
to it unconditionally; a large lecture room; accommodation 
for fifty students and a vice-principal's residence. Mr. W. A. 
Appleton, Secretary of the General Federation of Trade Unions, 
presided. The first stone was laid by Mrs. A. L. Grafflin 
(co-foundress of the College with the late Mr. Walter Vroo- 
man), who had travelled from Baltimore to be present. Miss 
M. P. Giles, a member of the staff since the foundation, laid 
the second stone. Mr. Sydney Buxton laid the third stone. 
He said it was obvious they could not give the education or 
tho experience given there to the many, and it must be neces- 
.sary to select a few. One special object which the promoters 
had in view was to fit those who came there for the responsi- 
bilities of citizenship and to equip them to take their share in 
the various administrations in their own trade unions and co- 
operative societies, to take a share in Local Government work, 
and they hoped in many cases in the future in the work of the 
Imperial Parliament. He was a great believer in the education 
given at this College, and he wished it every possible success. 
Mr. Bowerman, having laid the fourth stone, gave a retro- 
spect of the history of the College. He said they accepted 
with gratitude the assistance ^^•hich was offered by many distin- 
guished teachers of the University, who were men of warm 
democratic sympathies. But the}' kept the control of the Col- 
lege absolutely in their own hands as a sacred trust held by 
the Council and Exocuti\e on behalf of the Labour movement. 
They wanted ^^'hat Euskin College now did on a small scale 
to be done on a far greater scale. They wanted the move- 
ment to spread, and they wanted to win back the Universities 
for the workers. 



PRlNcir.\L SiE Oliver Lodge says, in his report to the Court 
of Governors: "Among the pressing major 
Birminghaiu. needs, as soon as funds are available, I feel 
bound once more to place a Chair of Greek in 
tho forefront. The whole subject of Greek as a branch of 
education has been very much before the public during the 
past yeai', but tlie anticipated and desii'ed removal of compulsion 
in the ancient Universities must not be allowed to result in, 
or even to tend towards, a neglect of Greek as a vital item 
in human education and higher culture — not at least until the 
human race has devised some instrument capable of taking its 
place with equal efficiency." The Principal also mentions among' 
other needs an increase in the number of the junior staff, 
especialljr in the subjects of the Faculty of Arts; the develop- 
ment of agricultural education and research; and a hall of 
residence for men students. The accounts show the expendi- 
ture for the year to have been £60,205, being in excess of the 
income bv £-l,84L This makes an accumulated deficiency of 
£37,748. " 



THE COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS. 



MEETING OF THE COUNCIL 

A MEETING of the Council took place at tlie College, Blooms- 
bury Square, on February 17. Present: Sir Philip Magnus, 
President, in the chair, T)r. Arraitage Smith, Mr. Bain, Mr. 
Barlet, Rev. J. O. Bevan, Sev. J. B. Blomfield, Mr. Brown, Mr. 
J. L. Butler, Mr. Charles, Mr. Cholmeley, Miss Crookshank, 
Miss Dawes, Prof. Dixon, Mr. Eagles, Mrs. Pelkin, Mr. Hawe, 
Mr. Pendlebury, Miss Punnett, Mr. Rushbrooke, Rev. Dr. Scott, 
Mr. Starbuck, Mr. White, and Mr. \\'ilsoii. 

The Secretary reported that the resolutions respecting Private 
Schools, whicli liad been adopted by the Council at their last 
meeting, had been sent to the Board of Education and to the 
Local education Authorities, and that a number of replies had 
been received. 

The diploma of Associate was granted to Mr. A. Hudson, who 
liad satisfied tlie prescribed conditions. 

Mr. R. F. Charles was appointed one of the representatives of 
the College on the Federal Council, in place of Mr. E. A. Butler, 
resigned. 



Diplomas were granted to the successful candidates at the 
recent Christmas Examination of Teachers. (For list, see ])age 
118.) The prize for Tiieory and Practice of Education was 
awarded to Mr. G. R. Bowes, and the prizes for Mathematics 
and Natural Sciences to Mr. C. W. Rogers. 

On the recommendation of the Examination Committee, Miss 
W. C. Cullis, D.Sc. Loud., and Mr. H. P. Newsholme, M.A.., 
M.B., M.Ch. Oxon., were appointed additional Examiners in 
Physiology, and Mr. E. Drabble, D.Sc. Loud., an additional 
Examiner in Botany. 

On the recommendation of the Finance Committee, four an- 
nuitants were appointed under the Hopkins Benevolent Fund for 
Teachers, and a grant of £10 was made from the Benevolent 
Fund of the College. The names of four members of the College 
were removed from the members' list, on account of non-payment 
of subscriptions. 

Sir Philip Magnus was re-elected President of the Council, 
and the Rev. Canon Bell, Mr. E. A. Butler, and the Rev. Dr. Scott 
were re-elected Vice-Presidents. 

Mr. W. G. Rushbrooke was appointed Dean of the College. 

Dr. Armitage Smith was appointed Treasurer. 

The Moderators, Examiners, Revisers, and Inspectors for the- 
year 1912 were appointed. 

The four Standing Committees were appointed, with their 
respective chairmen. 

The following persons were elected members of the College: — 

Mr. A. Compton-ElUs, B.A. Lond., L.C.P., 48 Temple Sheen Road, 

Mortlake, S.W. 
Mr. E. J. DeDne, L.C.P., The School House, Sheldwich, Eaver- 

sham. 
Mr. T. Douthwaite, A.C.P., 126 St. Jame.s's Road, Blackburn. 
Mr. J. Duggan, B.A., L.C.P., River View Hotel, Ennis, Co. Clare. 
Mr. W. G. Edwards, A.C.P., 32 Carson Road, West Dulwioh, S.E- 
Mr. E. E. Foxwell. M.A. Camb., St. John's College, Cambridge. 
Mr. C. H. Greene, MA. Oxford, The School House, Berkhamsted. 
Mr. H. W. O. Hagreen, B.A. Lond., AVellington College, Berks. 
Mr. A. G. Harman, A.C.P., The Lindens, Alding-tou, Hythe, Kent. 
Mr. J. A. Joerg, 12 Vincent Square Mansions, Westminster, S.W. 
Mr. W. H. Meadows, 3 Woodford Road, Watford. 
JlissG. E. Merrick, A C.P., The Limes, Warminster, Wilts. 
Mr. S. T. Shoveltou, M.A. Oxford, 8 HoUy Park Gardens, Einch- 

lev, N. 
Mr. P. Simpson, M.A. Camb., 324 Hither Green Lane, S.E. 
Mr. E. AV. Stevens, 15 Chatham Road, Norbiton, Kiug.stou-on- 

Thames. 
Mr, G. E. Stockall, B.Sc, L.CP., 14 Dongola Road, Bristol. 

The following books had been presented to the Librar}' since 
the last meeting of the Council : — 

B.V the AuxnoR.— Beaveii's Ke.v to Godfrey and Siddous's Solid Geometry. 

By the Board of Educition.— Report of the Consnlt:itive Committee on Ex- 
aminations in Secondary Schools. 

By A. & C. Black.— Black's Literary Readers, Book VI ; Barnard's How Other 
People Live. 

Bv Blackie & Son. — Blackie's Experimental Arithmetics. Book IV, and; 
Teacher's Guide to same: Browning's Sliniter Poems; Bnices English Exercises 
for Intermediate Classes: Jackson's i!(il:tiiic:d Experiiiu'iits for Schoi>ls ; M;i'^'ee's 
Le Petit Bonhomme ; Martin :iiid M;inley's Educational Handwork (Intei'iiiediate 
Coiuse) ; Rodger's Introduction to the' tise of Common Logarithms; Saunois' 
Dumas' Niipoleon a I'lle d'Elbe; Sheridan's The lli'als and The School foi- 
Scandal : AVarner and ^Marten's Groundwork of British History, 

By the Cambeidok Uxiveksitt Pkess. — Robertson's Lessing's Nathan der 
AVeise. 

By AV. B. Olive.— liOudon Muiiiculiition Directory, January 1912; Collins and 
Robinson's Senior Latin Course ; Kilnuind\ Senior Course of English Composition ; 
Flecker's Acts of the ApOMtles, Part II; Jiu'kson's Practical Lessons in Book-keep- 
ing : James's Senior French Reader ; Walker and Shuker's Gospel of St. Matthew ; 
AA'eekley and Gilli's Senior French Course ; "Wyatt and Collins s Milton's Samson 
Asonist'es. 

By Macmillan *; l^o.— Fowler's Book of English Prose, 1470-1900 ; Modlen's The 
Roriian Conquest of Britain (from Tacitus) : Wallis's Geography of the World. 

Bv Metiiue*- & Co.— Hilditeh's First Year Physical Chemistry ; Knox's Physico- 
Che'mical Calculations; Millis's Technical .Vrithnietic and Geometry; Shiple.v's 
English Church History for Children, a.d. 1500-1911. 

By J. MoRRA v.— Fletcher's Making of Western Europe, Vol. I, The Dark Ages ; 
Halcvy's IS'oiraud, Guignol, et Deux C.vclones. 

By the Oxford Umveesity Press, — The Oxford Book of German Verse ,- 
Litt'ledale's Lyrical Ballads of Wordsworth and Coleridge ; Mair's Junior Mathe- 
matics ; Onio'ns's The Oxford Shakespeare Glossary ; Thomas's Celtic Stories. 

B.V Mr. W. Rice.— Journal of Education, li'll. 

By RiviNGTONS, — Savory's HaulT's Die Karawane (Fatmes Errettung). and 
Zed'elius' Geleite, die Draussen Sind 1 

Calendar of the University of Wales. 

Calendar of the University College of Wales, Aberystwyth. 

Calendar of the I'niversity College, Nottingham. 

Calendar of the University of Liverpool. 

Calendar of the Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britahi. 



March 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



113 



THE NEGLECT OF GERMAN IN OUR SCHOOLS. 
APPEAL TO PAKENTS AND PUBLIC MEN. 
[From the WesUninster Oazeite.'] 
All those who believe that the maintenance of not only correct, 
but good relations between England and Germany is a matter ol: 
supreme importance for both nations will rejoice that the poli- 
tical horizon has at last begun to clear up, and they will no doubt 
be anxious to do everything in their power to improve during the 
year that has just begun the existing Anglo-German relations. 
But is the average British parent, or are even our leading states- 
men, members of Parliament, county councillors, and men of busi- 
ness, aware of the fact that a real " German danger" is still menac- 
ing us — not the bugbear of an imminent German invasion, but the 
i-eal danger of a rapid and alarming retrogression of the study 
of the German language in Great Britain and Ireland,, and tliis 
at the very time when the study of English is encouraged in 
German schools of every type f 

The grave danger of the rapid decline of German in our 
secondary schools for girls no less than for boys has indeed, 
during the last seven years, been pointed out from time to time 
at educational meetings, and in the short reports of such meet- 
ings in the Press, but the words of warning uttered on these 
occasions by persons fully acquainted with the facts have not 
found a ready response. And yet it is a matter that allows no 
longer of delay. Here is a question worthy of the serious atten- 
tion of public men and governing bodies, and it is one on the 
handling of which members of all political parties can well agree. 
If the British parent can once be aroused to the urgency and 
importance of this educational problem to himself, his children, 
and his country, there is little doubt that he will insist on a 
speedy change of the present deplorable state of things. The 
prevailing and increasing ignorance of German can hardly have 
been realized by most Britons, or else a reaction against it 
would have set in long ago. Most educated German men can 
read English, and not a few speak it really well. All German 
wornen of the better classes (few of whom are made to learn 
Latin) are being taught English efficiently at school, and as a 
matter of cour.^e. The percentage of British boys and girls 
learning German at all seriously at our schools is extremely 
small. The percentage of people who can hold friendly inter- 
course with the Germans in their own tongue is rapidh' diminish- 
ing. How many military and naval officers at the present 
moment are able to read German easily and to speak it readily ? 
How many public speakers and writers are acquainted with the 
true spirit of Germany that can only be gleaned from a first-hand 
knowledge of German books and papers ? Men in responsible 
positions are thus debarred from forming an independent judg- 
ment on international problems of vital importance and are 
forced to rely altogether on representations of foreign opinion, 
not always either accurate or unbiased, that are provided for 
them by writers in the daily Press, or in books the trustworthi- 
ne.ss of which they have no means of testing. The present 
\yriter knows for certain that even a very large number of Eng- 
lish scholars are at present deprived of all the help obtainable 
from liernian research in every field of human science by ignor- 
ance of the German language, a knowledge of which they ought 
to have acquired at school. As so many medical, scientific, 
and technical works of supreme importance are year by year 
published in the German-speaking countries, the advantages of 
the teachings of such books and of the numberless scientific 
periodicals published in German are lost to the overwhelming 
majority of educated English men and women, and wide worlds 
of thought remain closed to them. 

Certainly this is a serious national danger. This neglect is all 
the more strange as Great Britain seems to be the only country 
of importance where the study of German is thus neglected. 
Everywhere else a very difEei-ent state of things prevails. In the 
United States, France, and Scandinavia especially, great weight 
IS attached by parents and educational authorities to the thorough 
teaching of this language. 

And not only in our twentieth century should German be 
studied in England on account of its literary and scientific, in- 
dustrial and commercial value, as to which there can be no 
difference of opinion, but it should be strongly insisted on by all 
those interested in the improvement of Anglo-German relations 
as one of the surest means of ultimately bringing about a 
better understanding between the two peoples. To my mind a 
working knowledge of German is not to be acquired to serve, as 
it were, as a kind of useful fencing-blade in order to ward off 
any attack from a better ecjuipped adversary and thus forcibly 



to protect our own lives, but rather in order to be able to com- 
niunicate directly with the German, to secure a real understand- 
ing of his thought and work, his needs and aims, his experience 
and advice, to allay groundless suspicion and mistrust, and thus 
to prepare the minds of the rising generation for whole-hearted 
appi-eciation and co-operation. 

At the present moment, when German in our schools is as a 
tender plant left out in the cold, it is necessary for the public to 
urge on the responsible authorities that it should receive special 
protection and most careful fostering, and that the study of the 
German language at our schools and other educational institu- 
tions should no longer be left to chance, but should receive distinct 
encouragement. Schools, Universities, the Board of Education, 
the Public Services, and other influential agencies should be 
strongly urged to give to this question their immediate atten- 
tion. At the schools no doubt the question of the time-table 
constitutes a real difficult}-, but experience has shown that it can 
be overcome. " Where there is a will there is a way." At the 
present day head masters and head mistresses ought to give all 
their pupils a good chance of learning German at school, and 
they ought not to arrange the time-table in such a manner as to 
make the children choose between Latin and German, as is now 
done in a large number of schools, especially in lugh schools for 
girls. Latin should no longer be exacted from those who have 
little taste or aptitude for it, to the exclusion of German. Bright 
children with marked linguistic ability can, beside a careful 
study of their mother-tongue, well learn to read more than two 
foreign languages at school ; for those with no special gift for 
languages it should now be freely admitted that the two foreign 
languages they ought to learn at school should be the two modern 
languages — French and German. For pupils brought up in the 
large number of State-aided schools, who leave school as a rule 
before the age of seventeen, German is without doubt, education- 
all}- and practically, a language of the first importance. And 
with regard to boys and girls sent to the Universities by the 
best of our secondary schools there is the deplorable fact that 
very many bright youths anxious to attain to Honours ivork are 
quite ignorant of German. The majority of them never learn 
the language at the University, while the best soon realize how 
seriously they are hampered by this defect. They lose much 
valuable time by beginning to struggle with the elements of 
German at a time of life when they ought to be free to pursue 
higher scientific or literary studies. They are thus obliged to do 
school work at the University. A good reading knowledge of 
German should before long be made compulsory by all Univer- 
sities for all Honours students of any subject. In Army and 
Navy examinations, and also in other examinations for the 
Public Services, a much more important position should be 
allotted to German. Only then will it be taken up seriously by 
most of our schools. 

It is very much to be desired that in the future the men and 
women of tliis country, instead of reading eagerly certain news- 
paper articles of an inflammatory nature, will take the trouble 
to turn to some good books about Germany and the Germans, 
such as those written by Sidney Whitman, W. H. Dawson, or 
Mrs. Alfred Sidgwick, and will see to it that, if they cannot learn 
German themselves, at least their children shall be sure to receive 
while at school a thorough instruction in the kindred language 
that is now spoken and written by nearly a hundred millions of 
Germans, Austrians, and Swiss. The good results will soon 
become apparent in more than one way. It has been well said 
by the broad-minded Friedrich Riickert : 

Niu' Sprachenkunde fiihit zur Weltverstiindigung, 
Drum sinne spat und friih auf Sprachenbandigung'. 

Sapebe Aude. 

Great hopes are now entertained, says the Daily Telegraph, that all 
difficulties in the way of the establishment of the proposed Teachers' 
Registi'ation Council will .shortly be removed. At the same time, it is 
impossible, as yet, to say that the necessary preliminaries have been 
finally settled, though the negotiations with the Treasury regarding the 
finance of the scheme, which is naturally a matter of the first importance, 
are making favourable progress. Unless some unforeseen hitch should 
occur, these are likely to have a satisfactory issue ; and, as the Board of 
Education is known to be desirous of meeting the wishes of the teaching 
profession on the subject of registration, it may safely be assumed that, 
once Treasury sanction is definitely assured, no time will be lost iu 
obtaining the necessary Order in Council. How soon the negotiations 
may be expected to reach a conclusion is a matter which leaves room for 
plenty of speculation, but it is something, at any rate, for those who have 
worked so hard to secure the creation of the Council to know that there 
is a good prospect of success ultimately crowning their efforts. 



114 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[March 1, 1912. 



THE MANY-SIDEDNESS OF MORAL EDUCATION. 

Mrs. Bryant, D.Sc, Litt.D., delivered the address at the 
Annual Meeting of the Moral Education League. She pointed 
out that ono of the most important aspects of moral education 
■fras the training of character as such — the development of a 
person vague in motive, feeble in purpose, and incalculable 
in action, into a personalit^y of deternunate character on which 
one could count, with steady life-purposes implying a life-ideal 
to the realization of which all particular desires were subor- 
dinated. But everything depended on the nature of the life- 
ideal under wliich this efficiency had been acquired. If the 
result attained by parent or teacher wei'e merely the " men 
of character," the egoists, who " get on in the world," little 
Krorth mentioning had been achieved. Hence there emerged 
a further demand on the moral educator for the rescue of 
these capable persons from their egoistic fate. The wiser parent 
or teacher would have duly provided for the development of 
character along the lines of altruistic motive, social purposes 
and a full composite ideal of life and per.?onality. 

The problem of the egoist remained in any case. Since hu- 
man nature tended not a little to develop on egoLstio lines, 
a scheme for moral education should on one of its sides make 
appeal to the individual's desire for his own good in some 
sense that he understood. It was not necessary that this should 
be the sense of ease or pleasure. Man the individual, ho 
less than man the social member, needed the moral life. In 
the language of Hebiaic thought he needed it as righteousness, 
cleanness of heart, singleness of purpose. In the history of 
Hebraic religion he found it (1) as identification of the indi- 
vidual will with the purpose that rules tlie universe, and (2) 
he identified this di^•ine purpose with the winning over of the 
human race to righteousness. This was the process of moral 
education as religious — from the individual athirst for personal 
righteousness to the idea of co-operation with the purposes of 
God, and thence to the realization of that idea in practical 
self-devotion to the service of the commonweal. In Greek 
thought, on the other hand, there appeared from the outset the 
modern scientific spirit. The language was secularist; the 
method was from premise to inference, cogent, logical. It was 
undeniable tliat eacL man sought his own good: the wise man, 
however, sought it with careful inquiry into its nature and 
found it to consist in the life of the soul lived in accordance 
with that reason which is the characteristic of man as Man. 
So the Greek sage set out on that quest for perfection which 
is the counterpait of the Hebrew prophet's thirst for righteous- 
ness. And we moderns might learn much foi' moral education 
by studying the systematic ideal of personal virtue in the pages 
of Plato and Aristotle. 

The deejjer and wider human experience of the modern world 
was, however, necessarj' for the development 6i an ethical science 
that would appeal to the common man as well as to the sage. 
The egoist referred to was eager for life, not a mere pleasure- 
seeker: he could appreciate the idea of a life ruled by the 
pursuit of noble ends. He found the object of his devotion 
read}'' to his hands in the commonwealth of persons by whom 
he was surrounded. The object of Per.?onal Life was the Ideal 
of Social Service. The way of life for him was hj develop- 
ment of his community with his fellows, and he came to see 
that this community with his fellows was not only his own 
best way of life, but was theirs also. Thus a sense of mutual 
responsibility developed. Scientific ethics left the matter there, 
but it was open to the plain man to set at the back of his 
ethical faith a simple pragmatic jihilosophy conveying the as- 
surance that bis labours were not in vain. 

Pausing first to suggest that in moral education neither the 
Way of Religion nor the Way of Eeason should be neglected, 
the lecturer proceeded to summarize the principal directions 
in the development of moral character in the young: — (1) the 
transformation of wayward impulse into a system of steady 
purpose; (2) the evolution of altruism side by side with normal 
egoism in wholesome social life; (3) training to sense of duty, 
a freely moving conscience, liberality in submitting witliin 
limits to the social will ; and — last but not least — (4) the self 
training of character to independent initiatixe and sturdy ad- 
hesion to purposes freely chosen. 



CORRBSPONDBNGB. 



[We do not liold ourselves responsible for the opinions expressed by 
our correspondents. — Ed. E.T^ 



MURAL PAINTINGS IN SCHOOLS AND OTHER 
BUILDINGS. 

To the Editor of " The Educational Times." 

Sir, — Will you allow us to bring to the notice of 3'our readers 
a scheme of which the enclosed circulars supply further inform- 
ation P The Committee whose names are there given, represent- 
ing the interests of art and of education, has been formed to 
promote the practice of mural painting in schools, churches, 
hospitals, and other public institutions, more especially by young 
artists and students, a scheme long ago propounded by Mr. 
Watts. Several schools and other buildings have already offered 
wall-spaces for experimental treatment, and the Committee is 
about to issue the final particulars of a Competition, designs 
from which will be selected by the authorities of those institu- 
tions or by private patrons for execution in the given spaces. 
These designs along with other forms of decoration for school 
walls will be exhibited at Crosby Hall in the latter part of May, 
and submitted to public criticism before an}- choice is made. It 
is believed that students and J'oung artists will welcome the 
opportunity of practice in the art of large decorative painting 
for the sake of the training thus obtained ; but the Committee 
invites subscriptions towards a fund for giving chosen painters 
a modest remuneration. They will also welcome further offers 
of wall-spaces in schools and other buildings. The Contem- 
porary Art Society is among the subscribers already received, 
and is prepared to organize similar exhiliitions later in provincial 
centres. Subscriptions may be sent to the Hon. Treasurer, Mr. 
John Ross, C.A., at Crosby Hall, Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, and 
information obtained from the Hon. Secretaries at the same 
address. We are. Sir, &c., 

D. S. M.-i.cCoLL, Chairman. 

CH.iRLES AlTKEN, 

Wilfrid Walter, 
Crosby Hall, Cheyne AValk, Chelsea, S.W. 
Februarij 2, 1912. 



Hon. Secretaries. 



HOME MUSIC-STUDY UNION. 
To the Editor of " Tlie Educational Times." 
Sir, — We sball be much obliged if you will kindly allow us, 
through your columns, to draw attention to the work and progress 
of this organization. For several years its Executive Committee 
has been arranging annual courses of study suited to various 
classes of music lovers, amateur as well as professional. In its 
official organ. The Music Student, the Union publishes special 
articles dealing with these courses, and emphasizing special 
points of interest which they contain. The Union also issues 
textbooks on musical history and theory, and thus provides 
many students of music with assistance which they otherwise 
could not readily obtain. " Music Circles " for the study of the 
courses exist in many towns, and the Young People's Section 
(especially suitable for the purposes of schools) has been greatly- 
developed during the last two years. There are now about 
forty centres connected with the Union and about nine hundred 
members working under its direction. Conditions of member- 
ship and all further particulars may be obtained by application 
to the Central Office: 1-2 York Buildings, Adelphi, London, 
W.C. — We are. Sir, &o., W. H. Haduw, President. 

Arthur Soiiervell \ 

C. Harford Lloyd j- Vice-Presidents. 

Percy C. Buck > 
January 30, 1912. 



The Association for the International Interchange of Students has 
arranged to hold a conference in Loudon on Friday, June 28, and it is 
announced that representatives from the Universities throughout the 
English-speaking world will be in attendance. Coming as it does iro- 
medialely before the Congress of the Universities of the Empire, which 
commences its sittings on Tuesday in the week following, the conference 
will doubtless be the means of providing much valuable information 
concerned with the educational methods which have already been put 
into practice. 



March 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



115 



THE ENGLISH REVIEW. 

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CONTENTS OF 

MARCH, 1912, 

AMONG MY BOOKS, (iv.) 

FKEDERIC HAERISON. 

A NEW STUDY OF ENGLISH 
POETRY 

THE BRAINS BEHIND THE 
LABOUR REVOLT. 

EOWLAND KENNET. 

Contributions by 

W. E. PHELPS. JOHN GALSWORTHY. 

EDWARD THOMAS. H. B. BINNS. 

ROBERT BRIDGES. 



T 



wo roems. 



Bs RICHARD MIDDLETON. 



The Theatre of the Future. 



A Critical Calendar. 

WALTER SICKEET. 

The Censorship Scandal. 

Books of the Month. 

Portrait of John Galsworthy. 

By WILLIAM STRANG, A.R.A. 



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116 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIME8 



[March 1, 1912. 



Clouflb's Corresponaence College, 

TEMPLE CHAMBERS, LONDON, E.G. 

A, C. P. 

Large numbers of Students have proved by experience, and with great advantage to themselves, 
the remarkable efficiency of Clough's Classes. Following are a few of the many letters 



from recently successful A.C.P. Students :- 



91, Ivanhoe Street, 

Scotts Green, Dudley. 
DearMr.Clough, 2nd Feb., 1912. 

I am pleased to inform you that at the recent 
A.G.P. Examination I was successful in all the 
subjects which I took and obtained Honours 
in Algebra and Arithmetic. 

Allow me to thank you for your splendid 
papers, which I found extremely useful ; in fact, 
most of the questions were anticipated in your 
Test Papers. yours faithfully, 

J. J. Bacgott. 

1 Jubilee Street, 

Woodstone, Peterborough. 
DearMr.Clough, 2nd Feb., 1911. 

Please find enclosed the receipt for £10, 
the prize awarded to me for gaining the Pull 
A.C.P. Diploma at the recent Examination 
with Honours in Animal Physiology, 
English Language and Geography. 

1 heartily thank you for the same. 1 shall 
always recommend your Classes to those who 
wish for expert guidance in preparing for 
examination. I have always found that one 
great feature of your Classes is the success 
with which you anticipate the actual examina- 
tion questions. I am convinced that, but for 
the help afforded by your excellent tuition, I 
could not have succeeded nearly so well as 
I have done. I trust that the well-deserved 
popularity of your Classes may continue and 
steadily increase in the future. 

Thanking you once more for your valuable 
assistance, Believe me. 

Yours sincerely, 

Chas. Stevenson. 



"EUesmere," | 

Fletton Avenue, Peterborough. 
31st Jan., 1912. 
G. B. Clough, Esq. 

Dear Sir, 

At the Christmas Examination of the College 
of Preceptors, I entered for the Arithmetic and 
Mathematics Papers of the Associate CTrade. 

I have pleasure in informing you that I have 
passed, obtaining Honours in Arithmetic 
and Algebra. 

With thanks for your papers. 

Yours faithfully, 

Sydney C. Howes. 

12 Alfred Road, 

Sparkhill, Birmingham. 
31st Jan., 1912. 
Dear Mr. Clough, 

Once again I wish to record my hearty thanks 
to you and your tutors for the efficient guidance 
and help I have received. 

The A.C.P. result reached me this morning 
and I am very glad to say that I have passed in 
Education, thus qualifying for the full diploma, 
as I was exempted from the other subjects 
because of the Distinctions gained at Certificate 
under your tuition. 

The complete answers to all questions in 
Physiology and Psychology were of great 
benefit to me, and I shall always be delighted 
to recommend your Classes to my friends. 

Thanking you for your able instruction, 

I am, yours very sincerely. 

Jack T. Eldkidge. 



424, Moat Road, Warley, 

Langley, Birmingham. 
3lEt Jan., 1912. 
Mr. G. B. Clough. 
Dear Sir, 

Y'ou will be pleased to hear I have passed in 
the Science group at L.C.P. with Honours in 
Botany. 

Your "Associate" Course formed an excel- 
lent foundation on which to base the additional 
work for the Licentiate Examination. 

I have, you will remember, previously secured 

Honours in English (only Honours 

awarded at Christinas, 1910) under your tuition. 

Thanking your Botany Tutor for his valuable 

help. 

I remain, yours truly, 

Stanley C. Lewis. 

Doncaster Road, 

Thrybergh, Rotherham. 
2nd Feb., 1912. 

Mr. G. B. Clough. 
Dear Sir, 

I am very pleased to inform you that I have 
quaUfied for the Diploma of A.C.P. with 
Honours in Botany. 

I must thank you for your splendid Course 
for the Examination. The whole series of notes 
and solutions were excellent. You will notice 
that you forecasted the last question on the 
Botany Test Paper. 

With heartiest wishes for the continued 
success of your College, 

I remain, yours sincerely, 

H. J. Bkooks. 



TWO of the THREE most distinguished Candidates at the 

JAN. 1912 A.C.P. EXAM. 

■were members of 

CLOUGH'S A.C.P. CLASS 

(viz., Mr. J. J. BAGGOTT and Mr. S. C. HOWES, each of whom gained double Honours— in Arithmetic and in Algebra). 



The only Student to obtain Honours in Science at L.C.P. was a Clough's Student. 

For full ■particulars of any of CLOUGH'S CLASSES— 

PRELIMINARY CERTIFICATE, CERTIFICATE, MATRICULATION, OXFORD AND CAMBRIDGE 

LOCALS, A.C.P., L.C.P., L.L.A., HIGHER FROEBEL, 

jyrite to— 

THE SECRETARY, CLOUGH'S CORRESPONDENCE COLLEGE, TEMPLE CHAMBERS, LONDON, E.C. 



March 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



117 



THE COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS.— TEACHERS' DIPLOMA EXAMINATION. 

Christmas, 1911. 

The Christmas Examination commenced on the 1st of January, and was held in London and at the following Local Centres : — 
Belfast, Birmingham, Bristol, Dublin, Leeds, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle-on-Tyne, Plymouth, Scalloway; Gibraltar; Bombay 
and Peshawar (India) ; Adams and Calitzdorp (S. Africa) ; Buguma (S. Nigeria) ; Hong-Kong and Auking (China). 

The total number of candidates examined was 448. 

The following are the names of the candidates who passed in the various subjects : (koii.) attached to a name, or to a letter 
denoting a subject, indicates that the candidate obtained Honours in the subject : — 



Theory and Practice 
of Education. 

Fellowship. 

Eldriilge, P. J. P. 
Jones, R. A. 
Naesseth, A. L. T. 
Wightniau, J. C. 

LiCENTIATFSHlP. 

Appleton, A. N. B. 
Bowes, G. R. 
Brosnan, T. 
Burnett, Miss M. M. 
Cruicksliank, R. 
Davies, B. J. 
Davies, W. J. 
Dickie, J. D. 
Edley-Morton, C. 
Edwards, E. J. 
Elliott, C. W. 
Francis, H. J. 
Freeman, A. J. 
Gooch, S. 
Greenfield, B. A. 
Gwilym, \V. 
Hale, H. W. 
Haiker, Miss D I. 
Harris, W. J. 
Harrison, E. H. 
Hanop, B. C. 
Haward, X. P. 
Hopkyns, H. 0. 
Hoskins, C. R. 
Humphreys, P. B. 
Hunt, J. 
Ingham, H. 
James, B. W. H. 
Johnston, R. A. 
Jones, H. W. 
Jones, W. J, 
Jones, W. T. 
Kirkby, Miss L. 
Osborne, O. J. 
Pitt, H. 
Pridhara, H. 
Pugmire, S. 
Rayson, W. D. 
Robins, H. T. 
Scott, G. 
Smith, C. H. 
Spink, J. S. 
Thomas, H. B. 
Waring, R. S. 
Whiteside, W. J. 
Worrall, C. H. 



ASSOCIATESHIP. 

Allen, Miss F. E. 
Arkwright, J. S. 
Atkinson, E. J. 
Avery, C. T. 
Badminton, A. S. B. 
Baggott, J. J. 
Barker, F. 
Barry, Miss C. 
Beare, W. G. 
Beaumont, Miss B. J. 
Benton, H. W. 
Black, Miss A. 
Blanchard, F. 
Boardman, S. 
Bottomley. J. W. 
Bradlield, W. J. 
Bradley, J. W. 
Bramwell, T. P. 
Brook, P. 

Brown, Miss M. M. 
Buckler. J. 
Bullen, F. 
Bullock, H. A. 
Bullough, F. W. 
Bunker, Miss L. M. 
Carrick, A. C. 
Clayton, MissM. M. 
Cole, Miss E. 



Corkish, Miss W. 
Croot, B. W, 
Cunningham, J. D. 
Daniels, G. 
Dearu, J. H. 
Dodd, Miss J. E. 
Doughty, F. H. 
Eldridge, J. T. 
Euright. T. J. 
Evans, P. 
Fenwick, J. R. D. 
Fleming, R. M. 
Francis, W. J. 
Goode, J. F. 
Grainger, A. E. V. 
Gray, Miss E. W. 
Grant, W. J. 
Grout, W. J. 
Hale, W. 
Hall, Miss B. B. 
Hall, J. W. 

Hambleton, Miss E. K. 
Hankin, Miss K. 
Hatton, A. E. 
Hawke, J. A. 
Hodds, F. F. 
Hogan, Miss F. F. 
Holdsworth, Miss A. G. 
Holme, G. A. 
Howells, F. J. 
Hughes, S. D. B. 
Hull, H. J. P. 
Huukin, Miss E. 
Hussey, T. A. 
Hutchinson, N. M. 
Isherwoud, R. 
Jackson, J. W. 
Jennings, M. F. 
Jones, L. 
Jones, Miss M. 
Jordan, P. 
Kelly, R. 
King, W. C. 
Lawrance, H. J. 
Lee, Miss J. B. 
Leese, C. B. 
Le Gros, C. L. 
Le Manquais, J. C. R. 
Lewis, L. C. 
Lloyd, Thomas 
Maddocks, W. A. 
Markham, E. 
Matthias, E. 
Maunder, A. G. D. 
Medley, A. F. 
Meikle, J. 0. 
Merrett, E. A. 
Milne, H. B. 
Milton, Miss A. F. 
Minhinnick, A. S. B. 
Mitchell, M. 
Moloney, Miss N. M. 
Nairn, G. A. 
Newman, Miss H. M. 
Nicholls, D. 
North, R. J. 
Ohlsson, A. 
Oldham, C. J. 
Patten, A. W. 
Peacock, Miss M. 
Pinkney, M. R. 
Piper, A. G. 
Purser, H. O. 
Ralph, Miss B. 
Reece, W. J. 
Reeve, W. A. 
Riley, H. 
Rowland, P. 
Ryder, A. F. W. 
Shuttlewortb, A. 
Silley, F. S. 
Simpson, A. 
Skurr, W. 
Smith, E. A. 
Smith, Miss O. W. 
Spencer, V. L. 
Stephens, Miss E. 
Swatman, W. W. 
Thompson, G. F. 
Turner, T. 



Vinall, L. J. 
Walker, A. 
Washington, F. J. 
Watkins, C. P. 
Way, W. T. 
Whitehouse, S. 
Willing, E. J. 
Wilson, B. B. 
Wood, Miss C. J. 
Wright, Miss B. K. 



Einglish Language 

(Sithject No. 1.) 

Arkwright, J. S. 
Ash worth, S. 
Badminton, A. S. B. 
Bagnall, W. 
Batting, G. P. 
Beare, W. G. 
Billings, Miss JI. 
Bird, W. J. 
Blarjcliard, P. 
Blanchett, A. R. 
Bloxham, H. W. 
Bradley, J. W. 
Bradley, W. L. (hotl.) 
Bramwell, T. P. 
Brasliier, W. B. 
Brook, F. 
Brooks, H. J. 
Brown, R. C. C. 
Buckler, J. 
Burns, R. 
Carrick, A. C. 
Champion, S. 
Clarence, M. 
CoUister, Miss K. 
Conradie, A. P. 
Cooper, L. W. T. 
Cotton, Miss B. 
Crabbe, Miss L. 
Daniels, G. 
Davies, Miss M. A. 
Earnsbaw. J. W. 
Blcombe, E. B. 
Evans, P. 
Evans, Miss H. J. 
Gacbet, W. R. 
Hale, W. 
Hall, J. W. 

Hambleton, Miss E. K. 
Harrop, B. C. 
Harvey, Miss M. 
Hatton, A. E. 
Hodgson, J. C. 
Hudson, W. L. 
Hu„-hes, W. H. 
Humphreys, P. E. 
Hussey, T. A. 
Hutton, J. 
Hiffe, J. 
Isherwood, R. 
Jackson, J. W. 
Jones, H. W. 
KiTig, W. C. 
Laidler, J. 
MacLennan, T. 
Mainhood, A. E. 
Martin, J. A. W. 
McAllen, H. J. P. 
Medley, A. P. 
Milton, Miss A. P. 
Minliinnick, A. S. B. 
M,.on, S. H. 
Moore, A. 

Newman, Miss H. M. 
Nicholls, D. 
North, R. J. 
() KetlTe, Miss M. 
Oldham, C. J. 
Ogden, J. 
Owen, C. E. 
Prescott, T. 
Proctor, J. W 
Purser, H. O. 
Rowland, F. 



Sidey, W. H. 
Smith, C. H. 
Smith, E. A. 
Spratt, Miss E. E. 
Stephens, H. W. 
Stone, B. W. 
Tapley, Miss L. E. 
Thompson, G. P. 
Tungate, M. D. 
Viekery, L. E. 
Vinall, L. J. 
Wall, Miss C. 
Walker, A. 
Washington, F. J. 
Williams, H. P. L. 
Williams, J. T. 
Wilson, T. 
Yeoman, G. D. 



Einglish History. 

Alhvood. T. E. 

Ash worth, S. 

Aubrey, D. 

Bagnall, W. 

Batting, G. F. 

Baxter, Miss E. E. 

Beale, Miss E. A. 

Billings, Miss M. 

Bird, W. J. (Aoa.) 

Blackwcll, B. W. 

Blanchard, F. 

Blount, A. 

Boyden, E. H. 

Bradlield, W.J. 

Bradley, J. W. 

Bramwell, T. P. 

Brooks, H. J. 

Buckler, J. 

Calixtus Andrew, Brother 

Clarence, M. 

Cockrill, R. 

Colliiisou, Miss S. I. 

Cooper, L. W. T. 

Coulthard, W. 

Cowgill, F. P. 

Daniels, G. 

Dennys, Brother(fto;i.) 

Doughty, P. H. 

Earnsbaw, J. W. {lioii.) 

Elcombe, E. E. 

Gachet, W. R. (Ao«.) 

Hall, J. W. 

Hale, W. 

Hambleton, Miss E. K. 

Hankin, Miss K. 

Harker, Miss D. I. 

Harrison. E. M. 

Harrop, B. C. 

Harvey, Miss M. 

Hatton, A. E. 

Heatlicote, W. T. 

Hewelt, W. J. 

Hill, W. A. 

Hughes, W. H. 

Ilitte, J. 

Isherwood, R. 

Joues, H. W. 

Laidler, J. 

Lewis, F. C. 

MacLean, Miss A. K. 

Mauvan, W, E. (hon.) 

McAllen, H. J. P. 

Mitchell, E. 

Moon, S. H. (hon.) 

Morgan, A. S. 

Nicholls, D. 

Ogden, J. 

O'Keetfe, Miss M. 

Phillips, H. A. 

Phillips, R. P. 

Pipe, J. 

Prescott, T. 

Pugmire, Miss G. E. 

Robinson, W. R. 

Rowland, F. 

Shuttleworth, A. 



Silley, F. S. 
Simpson, A. 
Sloggctt, A. L. 
Smith, C. H. 
Smith, B. A. 
Spencer, V. L. 
Spratt, Miss B. E. 
Stephens, H. H. 
Thomas, D. H. 
Thompson, G. F. 
Tonks, J. C. 
Tungate, M. D. 
Viekery, L. B. 
Vinall, L. J. 
Walker, A. 
Wall, Miss C. 
Watson, G. W. 
Williams, B. G. 
Williams. J. T. 
Wilson, E. B. 
Wilson, T. 
Wright, Miss B. K. 
Young, Miss M. S. 



Geography. 

Aubrey, D. 

Avery, C. T. 

Bell, W. A. 

Blanchard, F. (hon.) 

Bloxham, H. W. 

BradBeld, W. J. 

Bradley, J. W. 

Brooks, H. J. 

Brown, B. C. C. 

Buckler, J. 

Calixtus Andrew, Brother 

Clarence, M. 

Carrick, A. C. 

Cooper, L. W. T. 

Cotton, Miss B. 

Cowgill, F. P. 

Daniels, G. 

Davies, Miss M. A. 

Dearn, J. H. 

Doughty, P. H. 

Elcombe, E. E. 

Godfrey, Mrs. P. E. 

Grainger, A. E. V. 

GuUett, A. 

Hale, W. 

Hands, Miss E. M. 

Harker, Miss D. I. 

Harrison, E. M. 

Harrop, B. C. 

Hatton, A. B. 

Heathcote, W. T. 

Heeley, Miss M. 

Hewett, W. J. 

Hughes, S. D. B. 

Hughes, W. H. 

Isherwood, R. 

Jones, H. C. 

Jones, H. W. 

King, W. C. 

Laidler, J. 

Martin, J. A. W. 

Mauvan, W. B. 

Mitchell, M. (Aoii.) 

Moon, S. H. 

Moore, A. 

Newman, Miss H. M. 

Nicholls, D. 

North, R. J. 

O'Keefle, Miss M. 

Phillips, B. P. 

Prescott, T. 

Purser, H. O. 

Rowland, F. 

Shuttleworth, A. 

Sidey, W. H. 

Simpson, A. 

.■iloggett, A. L. 

Smith, K. A. 

.Spencer, V. L. 

Spratt, Miss E. E. 

Stephens, H. H. 

Thompson, G. P. 



118 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[March 1, 1912. 



G eography (con t i n uai). 

Vickery, L. E. 
Viuall, L. J. 
Wall, Miss C. 
Wliiteliouse, J. 
Wilfrid, Brother 
Williams, J. T. 



Arithmetic. 

Arkwright, J. S. 
Ash worth, S. 
Badminton, A. S. B. 
Baggott, J. J. (kon.) 
Barker, F. 
Bartlett, C. T. 
Batting, G. F. 
Beale, Miss E. A. 
Beare, W. G. 
Bell, W. A. 

Ulackburn, Miss M. E. 
Blackwell, E, W. 
Blanchett, A. R. 
Bloxhani, H. W. 
Bottrill, S. N. 
Bradlield, W. J. 
Bradley, J. W. 
Bramwell, T. P. 
Brashier, W. E, 
Bridge, J. B. 
Brook, F. 
Brooks, H. J. 
Burns, R. 
Clegg, A. P. 
Cockrill, R, 
CoUister, Miss K. 
Cooper, L. W. T. 
Cornish, E. C. 
Cowgill. F. F. 
Daniels, G. 
Darley, Miss A. A. 
Davies, Miss M. A. 
Dearn, J. H. 
Doughty, P. H. 
Elconibe, E. E. 
Kmberson, S. W. 
Evans, F. 

Fellows, Miss G. A. 
Francis, F. M. 
Gullett, A. 
Hale, W. 
Hall, J. W. 
Hamni, A. 
Hannan, Miss A. E. 
Harrison, E. M. 
Harrop, B. C. 
Hatton, A. E. (/loii.) 



Heathcotf, W. T. 
Heeley, Miss M, 
Hill, W. A. 
Hodds, r. F. 
Holdswoi til. Miss A. G. 
Howes, S. C. (/l.jn.) 
Hudson, W. L. 
Humphreys. P. E. 
Isllerwood, R. 
Jackson, J. \V. 
Jones, H. C. 
Joues, H. W. (Aoii.) 
Keane, Miss C. 
KiUhaw, W. 
Laidler, J. 
Lewis, L. C. 
Mainhood, A. E. 
Markhani, E. 
Martin, J. A. W. 
Maunder, A. G. D. 
Medley, A. F. 
Middletiin, L, H. 
Mitchell, M. 
Moon, S. H. 
Morgan, A. S. 
Mundy, Miss R. K. 
Nicholls, D. 
North, R. J. 
Oldham, C. J. 
Owen, 0. E. 
Phillips, R. P. 
Prescott, T. 
Redhouse, H. E. 
Rowland, F. 
Sidey, W. H. 
Simpson, A. 
Sloggott, A. L. 
Smith, C. H. 
Smith, E. A. 
Smith, J. 
Smith, R. H. 
Spencer, V. L. 
Spratt, Mibs B. E. 
Stephens, H. H. 
Stewart, H. E. 
Tapley, Miss L. E. 
Thompson, G. F. 
Thorpe, Miss E. M. 
Tungate, M. D. 
Vickery, L. E. 
Viuall, L. J. 
Walker, A. 
Washington, F. J. 
Watkins, C. P. 
Walsun, G. W. 
Wliiteliouse, J. 
Wilhams, H. F. L. 
Williams, J. T. 
Williamson, Miss L. A. 
Wilson, Miss A. S. 
Wilson, T. 



Matiiematics. 

Fellowship. 

McCarthy, W. 

Rogers, C. W. (hon. culculus) 

LlCENTIATESHIP. 

Campbell, A. D. 

Curtis, B. V. 

Daniel, J. 

Edley-Morton, C. 

Evans, B. P. 

Finch, Miss D. A. 

Foster, C. H. 

Gardner, E. H. 

Gaskin, H. 

Gunnis, A. A. 

Hulme, H. 

Jones, E. 

Jones, H. W. 

Lakeman, H. S. 

MoLikhouse, J. A. 

Moore, G. 

Pitt, H. 

Fooley, J. E. 

Rayner, P. R. 

Seabrook, H. S. (htm.fO)iics) 

Stockton, W. B. 

Symons, J. W. 

Whitehouse, J. 

ASSOCIATESHIP. 

Ashworth, S. (hon. alg.) 
Badminton, A. S. B. 
Baggott, J. J. (hon. aUj.} 
BaBuall, \V. 
Barker, F. 

Batting, G. F. (lion, uhj.) 
Beare, W. G. 
Billings, Miss M. 
Blackwell, E. W. 
Blakemure, T. 
Blanchett, A. R. 
Bradlield, W. J. 
Bradley, J. W. 
Bramwell, T. P. 
Buckler, J. (hon. alg.) 
Clarke, V. C. 
Clegg, A. P. 
Cockrill, R. 
Cowgill, F. F. 
Elconibe, E. E. 
Fleming, R. 
Gullett, A. 
Hamni, A. 
Harris, J. B. 
Hatton, A. E. 
Hill, W. A. 
Howells, F. J. 
Howes, S. C. (hon. alg.) 



Hudson, W. L. 

Hughes, S. D. B. 

Hughes, W. H. 

Huttun, J. 

Jackson, J. W. (hon. alg.) 

Middleton, L. H. (hon. atg.) 

Williams,H. F. L. (hoii.alg.) 

Mitchell, M. 

Moon, S. H. 

North, R. J. 

Pugniire, Miss G. E. 

Reeve, W. A. 

Simpson, A. 

Smith, E. A. (hon. alg.) 

Smith, J. 

Smith, R. H. 

Thompson, W. 

Tungate, M. D. 

Walker, A. 

Webb, A. H. W. 

Williams, H.F. L. (hoil.uHl.) 

Williams, J. T. 

Wilson, T. 

Yeoman, G. D. (hon. aJg.) 

Languases. 

e. = Higher English. 

/. = French, g. = German, 

i. = Italian, I. — Latin. 

Ff.llowship. 
Dennys, Brother f.L (hon.} 

L1CENTIATE.SHIP. 
Douthwaite, T. ef. 
Eanishaw, J. W. f.L 
Edley-Morton, C. e.f. 
Huniiihreys, P. E. e.I. 
Lowtlier, C. e.f. 
Noake, J. E. /.? (hon.) 
Pitt, H./.L 
Pridham, H. /.I. 
Seabrook, H. S. /.I. 
Smith, C. H./.L 
Tindle, G. D. c.f. 
Wrigley, Miss C. M. f.l. 

AsSOClATESHIP. 

Arkwright, J. S. y. 
Bottrill, S. N. /. 
Brook, F. /. 
Clarence, M. /. 
Conradie, A. F. I. 
Cooper, L. W. T. /. 
Doughty, F. H. /. 
Gachet, W. R. /. 
Hankin, Miss K. /. 
Hopkins, Miss A. E. /. 
Long, Miss M. E. /. 
MacLennan, T. /. 



Martin, J. A. W. /. 
Moore, Miss G. M. /. 
Mundy, Miss R. K. /. 
Phillips, H. A. I. 
Senior, 13. f. 
Sidey, W.H./. 
Stephens, H. E. /. 
Viuall, L. J. /. 

Science. 

a. = Astronomy. 

b. = Botany. 
ch. = Chemistry. 

g. = Geology. 
m. = Mechanics. 
n. = Natural Philosophy 
and Astronomy. 
p. — Experimental 

Physics, 
pft. = Animal Physiology. 
r. =: Zoology. 

Fellowship. 

Rogers, C. W. n.eh. 

LiCENTIATESHIP. 

Camjibell, A. D. ni.a. 
Chesterfleld, H. W. ph.h. 
Clarke, A. F. ji.c/i. 
Douthwaite, T. ch.ph. 
Eados, F. D. ph.h. 
Finch, Miss D. A. m.b. 
Foster, C. H. vi.u. 
Henimings, F. J. m.ph. 
Jones, E. m.a. 
Lewis, S. C. ph.b. (hon.) 
Skeckell, N. G. a.ph. 
Svkes, V. H. a.ph. 
Wear, W. I'.ch. 

ASSOCIATESHIP. 

Baxter, Miss E. E. ]>h.b. 
Broidis, H. J. ph.b. (hon.) 
Carrick, A. C. ch.ph. 
Colo, Miss E. ph.z. 
Evans, F. ph.g. 
Gentry, C. W. ph.b. 
Lawrence, Miss H. 

ph. (hon.) b. 
Lewis, L. Cph.b. 
Maunder, A. G. D. 

p. (hon.) ch. (hon.) 
Robin.son, W. R. Ji/i.(i.(/niii.) 
Rowland, F. ch.ph. 
Sindall, G. A. ph.b. 
Thompson, G. F. ph.b. 
Vickery, L. E. p.ph. (hon ) 
Washington, T. jA.ii. 
Williams, B. G. c/i.jA. 
Young, Miss M. S. c/i.j»/(. 



Diplomas were awarded to the following, •who had satisfied all the prescribed conditions : — 



Fellowship. 
Jones, R. A. 



LiCENTIATESHIP. 

Bowes, G. R. 
Brosnan, T. 
Burnett, Miss M. M. 
Campbell, A. D. 
Cruickshank, R. 
Daniel, J. 
Davies, B. J. 
Davies, W. J. 
Dickie, J. D. 
Douthwaite, T. 
Edley-Morton, C. 
Edwards, B. J. 
Elliott, C. W. 
Evans, E. P. 
Freeman, A. J. 
Gardner, E. H. 
Gaskin, H. 
Gooch, S. 
Gunnis, A. A. 
Hale, H. W. 
llarri.snn, B. H. 
Hemmings, F. J. 
Hopkyns, H. C. 
Hoskins, C. R. 
Ingham, H. 



James, B. W. H. 
Jones, W. J. 
Monkliouse, J. A. 
Moore, G. 
Osborne, O. J. 
Pitt, H. 
Pooley, J. E. 
Pugmire, S. 
Rayner, P. R. 
Robins, H. T. 
Scott, G. 
Stockton, W. B. 
Thomas, H. E. 
Wrigley, Miss C. M. 



ASSOCIATESHIP. 

Allen, Miss F. E. 
Allwood, T. E. 
Atkinson, B. J. 
Badminton, A. S. B. 
Barry, Miss C 
Bartlett, C. T. 
Beare, W. G- 
Benton, H. W. 
Blanchard, F. 
Boardnian, S. 
Bottoniley, J. W- 
Boyden, E. H. 
BradHeld, W. J. 



Bradley, J. W. 
Bradley, W. L. 
Brooks, H. J. 
Brown, Miss M. M. 
Bullen, P. 
Bullock, H. A. 
Burns, R. 
Champion, S. 
Clayton, Miss M. M. 
Cole, Miss E. 
Croot, B. W. 
Cunningham, J. D. 
Daniels, G. 
Davies, Miss M. A. 
Dodd, Miss J. E. 
Doughty, F. H. 
Elconibe, E. B. 
Eldridge, J. T. 
Enright, T. J. 
Evans, V. 
Fenwick, J. R. D. 
Fleming, R. M. 
Gachet, W. R. 
Gentry, C. W. 
Godfrey, Mrs. F. E. 
Goode, J. F. 
Grout, W. J. 
Hall, Miss E. E. 
Hambleton, Miss E. K. 
Hamni, A. 
Harris, J. R. 



Hatton, A. E. 
Hawke, J. A. 
Hodds, F. F. 
Hogan, Miss P. P. 
Howells, P. J. 
Hull, H. J. P. 
Hunkin, Miss E. 
Hussey, T. A. 
Hutchinson, N. M. 
Hutton, J. 
Tlilfe, J. 
Isherwood, R. 
Jennings, M. P. 
Jones, L. 
Jones, Miss M. 
Kelly, R. 
Kilshaw, W. 
Lawrance, H. J. 
Lee, Miss J. B. 
Leese, C. B. 
Le Gros, C. L. 
Le Manquais, J. C. R. 
Lewis, F. C. 
Lewis, L. C. 
Lloyd, T. 

MacLean, Miss A. K. 
Matthias, B. 
McAllen, H. J. P. 
Werrett, E. A. 
Milne, H. B. 
Mitchell, M. 



Moloney, Miss N. M. 
M<irgan, A. S. 
Nairn, G. A. 
Newman, Miss H. M. 
Patten, A. W. 
Pinkney M. R. 
Pipe, J. 
Piper, A. G. 
Pugmire, Miss G. B. 
Riley, H. 
Robinson, W. R. 
Rowland, F. 
Ryder, A. P. W. 
Simpson, A. 
Skurr, W. 
Smith, E. A. 
Smith, Miss O. W. 
Stephens, Miss E. 
Stewart, H. E. 
Thompson, G. P. 
Thompson, W. 
Turner, T- 
Vinall, L. J. 
Washington, T. 
Watkins, C. P. 
Way, W. T. 
Whitehouse, S. 
Williams, B. G. 
Williamson, Miss L. A, 
Willing, E. J. 
Wood, Miss C. J. 



The Prize for Theory and Practice of Hducatiou was awarded to George Kobert Bowe.--, and the Prizes for Mathematics 
and Natural Sciences were awarded to Charles AMlliam Rogers. 



March 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



119 



CLASS LISTS 

OF CANDIDATES WHO HAVE PASSED THE CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION OF 
THE COLLEGE OF PRECEPTOHS.— CHRISTMAS, 1911. 



LIST OF SUCCESSFUL CANDIDATES AT COLONIAL AND FOREIGN CENTRES. 



N.B.— The small italic letters denote that the Candidate to whose name they aic attached was distingui.shed in the following subjects respectively : 



a. = Arithmetic. 

al. = Algebra. 

h. = Botany. 

hk. = Book-keeping. 

ch. = Chemistry. 

d. = Drawing. 

do. = Domestic Economy. 



(In. = Dutch. 
e. = English. 
/. ~ French. 
g. = Geography. 
ge. = German. 
geo. = Geology. 
gm. = Geometry. 



gr. = Greek. 

h. = History. 

he. = Hebrew. 

i. = Italian. 

ir. = Irish. 

I. = Latin. 

It. = Light and Heat. 

m. = Mechanics. 



7!ia. = Magnetism & Electricity. 
ms. = Mensuration, 
mu. = Music. 
nh. = Natural History. 
p. = Political Economy. 
ph. = Physiology. 
phys. = Elementary Physics. 
s. = Scripture. 



sc. = Elementary Science. 

sh. = Shorthand. 

sp. = Spanish. 

(. = Tamil. 

tr. = Trigonometry. 

10. = Welsh. 

z. = Zoology. 



The small figures ' and~prefi.ved to names in the Second and Third Class Lists denote that the Candidates tccve entered for the First and Second Classes respectively. 

In the addresses, Acad. = Academy, C. or Coll. = College, Coll. S. = Collegiate School, Comm. = Commercial. Conv. = Convent, Elem. = Elementary, End. = Endowed, 

Found. = Foundation, H. = House, Hr. = Higher, Inst. = Institute, Int. = International, 
Inter. = Intermediate, Poly. = Polytechnic, Prep. = Preparatory, P.-T. = Pupil-Teachers, S. = School, Sec. = Secondary, Tech. = Technical, Univ. = University. 

[Bracketing* of names denotes equality.] 



BOYS. 



FIRST CLASS [or Senior^. 
Pass Division, 

Oosthuizen,J.A. dn.d Maiist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 



/'Bodley,W.G.L. 
l_Buckman,J. s.e. 

Sylvester, C.St. B. 

Kasunui,E.A. 

Dinally,W.D.i);i. 

Sikuade.l.O. 
f Israel, P. D. 
LMaclear,N.W. 

van der Stuij,E.H. 

Holmes, H.O. gm. 

Palmer,A. 

Manikavelu,A. 

Fuller,R.N. 

Dickson, A. B. 



Marist Bres.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 

Private tuition 

Abeokuta Gram. S. 

Private tuition 

Abeokuta Gram. S. 

Central Coll., Colombo 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

dn. Private tuition 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Marist Bros." Coll., Uitenhage 

Norris Coll.. Rangoon 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 



SECOND CLASS or Junior:. 
Honours Division, 

Schultz.H.J.E. dit. Marist Bros." Coll., Uitenhage 

Tohaum,A. f.l. Norris Coll., Rangoon 

Mason, C. du.lt. St. Aidan's Coll., Grahamstown 

Paramanayagampulle.K. al. Eton Coll., Colombo 

/Adams, J. L. s.sh. Private tuition 

VPaul.R. (d.gm.t. Norris Coll., Rangoon 

SECOND CLASS or Junior, 
Pass Division, 



Ferera.S.S. /. 

Ellis,S.S. s. 

De Saxe,M. (d.vts. 
/'Pitt.R.J.L. 
VSylvester.N.G./. 
/'Senevirat.na,J.P.W. 
\^Sunthnshum,E. t. 

Long,H. 

Tillaka.H.M.G. 

Markin,B. 

Doherty.T.A. s. 

Pedris,J. 
fManassewitz.J. 
I McMillan.A.N. e. 
L"Winslow,C.N. 

Smith,J.P. 
Alu Basson, C. E. dxi. 
VScott,J.E. ms. 

Ferdinando.D.C.G. 

Mendelsohn, S.L.aLffl 
f Ameratunga, L. P. 
I Candappa,C.A. 
UeMel,D. 
rE.,H. 
LNoel,E.A. 

Davis,B.C. 
/'Edwards,A.C. 
I Gordon,H.S. he. 
I Pieries,P.L. 
VThoung,S. 

Quartey,A.C. 

IBingham.W.H. 

Paterson.A.R.G. 

Longman, F. 
fThurnham,P. 
l^Van Gorkom,W. dn. 

Abeysui-iya.A.P.F. 
rGoldberg,J. 
I Ingram, G. 
LMLiller,S. 



Central Coll., Colombo 

Mfantsipim S,, Cape Coast Castle 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Private tuition 

Private tuition 

Centi-al Coll., Columbo 

Norris Coll., Rangoon 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Eton Coll., Colombo 

Mfantsipim S,, Cape Coast Castle 

Abeokuta Gram. S. 

Central Coll., Colombo 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Eton Coll., Colombo 

Eton Coll., Colombo 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Private tuition 

Eton Coll., Colombo 

?. Marist Bros. 'Coll. , Johannesburg 

Eton College, Cqlombo 

Eton Coll., Colombo 

Central Coll., Colombo 

Norris Coll., Rangoon 

Private tuition 

Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Marist Bios.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Eton Coll., Colombo 

Norris Coll., Rangoon 

Accra Gram. S. 

Augustinian Conv., Ladysmith 

Marist Bros." Coll., Uitenhage 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Cala 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Eton Coll., Colombo 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johaimesburg 

St. Aidan's Coll., Grahamstown 



('Chee-A-Tow,G.E. 

I St. Joseph's Inter 

I iMunrOjA.J. 

LSpence.H.R. 

r Becker,.!. 

UOgunbayo.E.B. 

rAmm,P.D. 

I deMel,A. 

llFroneman.E.E. 

fCohen.B. 

UKuola,N.A. 

Archer, D. 
rGrant,F.C.F. 
l^Solomon,J. 

Than,M.B. d. 
/'Karanapala,D.D. 
1 Legg.E.A. 
I Liknait7.ki,J. 
I MoiTis.H.R. 
LO'Donoghue,E. 
rKuforiii,C.V.F. 

MacNay.H.F. 

Muthukumarasawm 
iJSanyade.T.P. 

Mfiunt:,M.P. 

Cht-llaturai.S. 

iPower,J.P. 
fGardner.L. 
LGnpal,J.S. 
f Akyempnn,J.H. 
LMensah,H.A. 
/^Feinando,W.F. 
VMcCusker,A. 

Perera.S.W. 

Yates, J. 

Mafe.J.B. 
^Freed,L. 
\^Oguu,F.A. 



S., Lacy town, Georgetown, B.Guiana 

Mari.st Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Abeokuta Gram. S. 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Central Coll., Colombo 

Marist Bros.' Coll., IJitenhage 

Private tuition 

Abeokuta Gram. S. 

St. Aidan's Coll., Grahamst&wn 

Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 

Slarist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Eton Coll., Colombo 

Eton Coll.. Colombo 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Private tuition 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Abeokuta Grain. S. 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

y,P. Norris Coll., Rangoon 

Abeokuta Gram. S. 

Central Coll., Colombo 

Central S., Batticaloa 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Marist Bros." Coll., Uitenhage 

Private tuition 

Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 

Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 

Eton Coll., Colombo 

St. Aidan's ColL, Grahamstown 

Central Coll., Colombo 

St. Aidan's Coll., Grahamstown 

C.M.S. Gram. S., Lagos 

Private tuition 

C.M.S. Gram. 8., Lagos 

Honours Division, 



THIRD CLASS. 

NeustadtjE.C.R. e.a.al.ge.d. 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 
Featherstone,D. e.a.al.gm.dxi. 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Private tuition 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Central S., Batticaloa 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Private tuition 

Augustinian Conv., Ladysmith 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 



fHart,H. e.h.a.aX.gm. 
I Npptiine,J.C. a.al. 
l^Stow,F. n.al.gni.dn. 

Iferiapper.M.S. s.gm. 
rHunter,H.R. e.a.al.dii. 

John.A.K. o..bk. 
LWatson.C.C.H. s.e. 

Ashfield,B.W.C. e.a dn 

Hagan,H. s.e.al. 
f Davies.E. e.a.du. 



Einkamerer, A. e.(T.«i.t;m.rf. Marist Bro.s.' Coll., Uitenhage 



i Findlay.G.C. s.h. 
l^Jensen.O. e.h.(d. 

Allpass,B. e.a.al.gm. 
fChinerv, R.C.C. e. 
l^Hart,B". e al.dn. 
j- Caesar, E.W. s. 
I McGuire,J.J. e.a. 
LMcMaster,C.V. e.a.hk. 



Private tuition 
Maris. Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 
Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 
Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 
Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Private tuition 
Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Private tuition 



Flange, J. W.D. a.al.gm. Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 
fJoseph.M.C. Private tuition 

LReuvid.L. ca.al.d. Marist Bros.' ColL, Johannesburg 
r Addison, E.M. e. Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 

LBiccard.C. e.a.d. Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Hussain,K.M.M. ahd. Central Coll., Colombo 

Peters.J.L. «. Norris Coll., Rangoon 



Pass Division, 

Central Coll., Colombo 

SIfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Eton Coll., Colombo 



THIRD CLASS. 

2Fernando,L.M.L. 
2Lindsay,W.W.O. 
2Arnold,T.M. 
f2Kobrin,X. al. 
l^2Rennie,A. 

2Chelladore,M. 
f Davidson, A. al./. 
I St. Joseph's Inter 
L"-=Holey,G. 
f-Amartey,J.W. 
I Frickel.H. e. 
(^Powell, C. e.a.td.gm. 
rArthur.B.S. 
1 2Coker,B. 
I Koller,C. a.al. 
L,Lenaghan,T. e.a. 
[-Girndt.E.R.C. a.dti. 
l^Stewart.E. a. 
Fraser.W.O. h. 

St. Joseph's Inter.S.,Lacytown, Georgetown, B.Guiana 
fDownes,A. al. Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

I Hoddinntt,R.W. s.g. Governments., Nairobi 

" ' "^ Private tuition 

Abeokuta Gram. S. 
Private tuition 
Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 
Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 
Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 
Abeokuta Gram. S. 
Marist Bros.' Coll,, Johannesburg 
Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 
Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 
Abeokuta Gram. S. 
Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 
Private tuition 
Private tuition 
Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 



. S., Lacytown, Georgetown, B.Guiana 
Marist Bros.' Coll., Cala 
Mfantsipini S., Cape Coast Castle 
Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 
Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 
Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 
St. Aidan's Coll., Grahamstown 
Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 
Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 
JIarist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 
St. Aidan's Coll., Grahamstown 



I John,C.A, 
I Kayode,D.A. o^ 
1 Mahon,W. s. 
LMortimer.R. a. 
fCowen.L. al. 
LWall.N.R. e.a. 
('2Meado\vs,V.O. 
I Morgan, S. nl. 
l^Morrison,S.E. 
rAlexander,A.J. e.d. 
I Bankole,D.O. s. 
I Biney,H.B. al.gm. 
I -Carter,A. 
I Dick,W.R. al. 
LSagoe.H, 



pAnderson,J. e.al.gni. Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 



Central Coll., Colombo 
Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 
Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 
Marist Bros." Coll., Johannesburg 
Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 
Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 
Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 
Private tuition 



i2DeSilva,T.A 
I Edmunds, J.P. e.dn 
I Euchill,K.B. e. 
I Godfrey,E. a.al.gm. 
I Hirst, G. «. 
LLeighton,K.G. e.nl 
rMills,H. 
I Prescod.G.T. 
2Rcmington,A.N. 

St. Joseph's Inter.S.,Lacytown, Georgetown, B. Guiana 



Skinner.G. a. 

2Thiagaraiah,V. 
f2Duffey,A, 
I Hodes, J. c. 
\ Sirimane,H. 
LSolagbade,J.T. a.al. 
f2Benjamin,S.D.C. /. 
I 2Chowles,G. 
I Elliott, R. e.d. 
I Harris, D. a. 
I 2Kuforiii,C.B.A. 
L2Kufori.ji,W.A.A. 
fSArkaahjJ.K. 
I James, B.R. a. 
I Knight.J. 
I SheiTy,H. 
L^Wijakoon.D.W. 
/'Efiren,L. a. 
I Kinna,T. a. 
VMcDonald.G.Z. a. 
^2Fadipe,A.O. 



Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Private tuition 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Cala 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Central Coll., Colombo 

Abeokuta Gram. S. 

Private tuition 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Marist Bros." Coll., Uitenhage 

Marist Bros." Coll., Uitenha e 

Abeokuta Gram. S. 

Abeokuta Gram. S. 

Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 

Private tuition 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Eton Coll., Colombo 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

St. Aidan's Coll., Grahamstown 

Private tuition 

Abeokuta Grain. S. 



]20 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[March 1, 1912. 



BOYS, 3rd Class, Pass — continiied. 



VHaimnond.F.T. at 

,^2AlbertJjn,B. 

I Appuhaniy.H.D. a. 

Cobbina.D.A. hk. 

Cobbina.F.H. 

Cohen, L. 

Kelly.J. 

2Marsh,F. 

Flange, J. B. e. 

Quere,J.W. e.a.al. 

2Raia,C. 

I Newman, E. (imI. 
V01ayoku,W.M. ah 
/"Cochrane, L. 
I 2Davis,R. 
I Mends, E.K. e. 
I Farr.M. a.(d. 
VTin.T. al.fl 
/"RankoWjN. 
l2Skue3,T.McK. 
^Acquaah.I.A. e. 
2Gunaratne.P.P. 



Mfantsipiin S., Cape Coast Castle 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenha.^e 

Central Coll., Colombo 

Mfantsipiin S., Cape Coast Castle 

Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 

Manst Bros.' Coll., Johanne-sburg 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Government S., Nairobi 

Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 

Weslcyan Boys' High S., Bathurst 

Central Coll., Colombo 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Mari.st Bros.* Coll., Gala 

Abeokuta Gram. S. 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

St. Aidan's Coll., Grahamstown 

Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 

Norris Coll., Rangoon 

Norris Coll., Rangoon 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 

Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 

Eton Coll., Colombo 



I Henry.V.R.C, 
[ St. Joseph's Inter. S.,Lacytowu, Georgetown, B.Guiana 
I James.J.A.D. e.aL 

I St. Joseph's Inter. S.,Laeytown, Georgetown, B. Guiana 

I 2Lipman,M. Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

V McKay, W. a.al Marist Bros.' Coll., Cala 

^Ingram, A. Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

I Jibowu.J.O. Abeokuta Gram. S. 

1 2papenfus,N.C. Marist Bros. Coll., Uitenhage 

I Raeburn,S. e a. Private tuition 

1 2Stahl,A. St. Aidan's Coll., Grahamstown 

Vvan der Meulen,D.R. Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Alexander.J, Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Ekanayake.V. e. Central Coll., Colombo 

Eke,R. a.al. Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

VEsuruoso,I.A. s. Abeokuta Gram. S. 

/fiurke.S.E. s. Private tuition 

I Coker,A.O, Abeokuta Gram. S. 

I 201ayemi,A.O. Abeokuta Gram. S. 

i Williams, I. O. Abeokuta Gram. S. 

fHagaUjJ, e. Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 
I KerwoodjG.C. ComeniusSec. S., Georgetown, B. Gaiana 

L St. Joseph's Inter. S.jLacytown, Georgetown. B.Guiana 

l^2Connellan,E. Marist Bros. Coll., Uitenhage 

j DuirB,M.L. s. Governments., Nairobi 

2Malcomson,R. Marist Bros.' Coll., Cala 

Rajakariar.E. s. Jaffna National Acad., Manepay 

Sniitb.V. al. Marist Bros.' Coll., Cala 

2SornaVadivel,S Jaffna National Acad., Manepay 

,Ziegler,B. Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

"2Atitebi,D.E. C.M.S. Gram. S., Lagos 

Davidson, T. Go\ernment S., Nairobi 

Gibbens.H. e,a. Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Gunawardane,A.S. d. Central Coll., Colombo 



I 2Kiukead,S.M. 
I Trennerv,C. al. 
L^VanDvck.J.C. 
r2Abbey,S.Q. 
I Alahakoon.K.B. 
I Bruton.S. 
1 Gibb.J. 

2Hopkins,W.L. 
I 2Jolin,S.P. 
I Penny, E. 
I Scliliinmer,R. e. 
LWest,W. 
/^Christian.A. 
I 2DeZoysa,D.S. 

Hooper,R. ol. 
I ^Minnow.J.L. 
V2Skinner,V. 
/2Baunerraan,J.K. 
V.Papenfus,S. 
('Cae3ar,S. s. 
I Cole,H.E. 
1 Eliezer.S.C. 

2Ferreira,G. 
l,Gold,D. 
^FanneriK. a.(d. 
I Kuforiji,J.A. 
I Le Sueur.C. (d. 
■vThambyra.sa,T. 
('2Cheniah,M.A. 



Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Cala 

Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 

Accra Gram. S. 

Central Coll., Colombo 

Marist Bros." Coll., Uitenhage 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Joliannesburg 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Private tuition 

Marist Bros." Coll., Uitenhage 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Marist Bros." Coll., Johannesburg 

Private tuition 

Central Coll., Colombo 

Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 

Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Cala 

A'^cra Gram. S. 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Private tuition 

Accra Gram, S. 

Jaffna National Acad., Manepay 

Marist Bros." Coll., Cala 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

St, Aidan's Coll., Grahamstown 

Abeokuta Gram. S. 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Central S., Batticaloa 

Jaffna National Acad., Manepay 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Central Coll., Colombo 



Halsall.P. 
L2Medonsa Wijerama.W.E. 
fClarke,O.S. 

St. Joseph's Inter.S., Lacy town, Georgetown, B.Guiana 



LThomas.J.S. 
fDaniel.W.C. h. 
1 Gibson,T. 
I Goulding.C.M. 
l^ Lawrence, A. F. 
f Arambamutbaly.V. 

2jewell,E.H. 
I Miller.D. 
i 2Peters,J.A. 
L2Sbort,F.J. 
('2Adebayo,J. 
I Beckett.A. 
I Richards, E.J. 
I Samuel, G. 
l^YawsoUjS.W. 
('Godfrey,V. 
LLadeiude.M.O. 
r^Abilul Hamid.M.L.H. 
I Barrett, C. 
I 2De Zylva.P.R. 
I Doyle, P. 
l^McLachIan,N. oL 

Brlnk.A. d. 
fAgniar.P. 



Wesleyan Boys' High S., Bathurst 
Private tuition 
Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 
St. Aidan's Coll., Grahamstown 
St. Barnabas', Georgetown, B, Guiana 
Central S., Batticaloa 
Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 
St. Aidan's Coll., Grahanistown 
Norris Coll., Rangoon 
Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 
C.M.S. Gram. S., Lagos 
St. Aidan's Coll., Grahamstown 
Wesleyan Boys' High S., Bathurst 
Eton Coll., Colombo 
Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 
Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 
Abeokuta Gram. S. 
Eton Coll., Colombo 
Marist Bros." Coll., Johannesburg 
Eton Coll., Colombo 
St Aidan's Coll., Grahamstown 
Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 
Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 
C.M.S. Gram. S., Lagos 
I Greenidge,A. Comenius Sec. S., Georgetown, B. Guiana 
I Gurnumoorthy,S. Norris ColL, Rangoon 

I Schultz.C. Marist Bros.' Coll., Cala 



j Sobryan,J.W. 

St. Joseph's Inter.S., Lacytown, Georgetown, B.Guiana 



LVan Straten,A 
f JeevanatlianijI.V. 
I Rubidge.D. e.a. 
LWiniams,C.J. a. 
fBecker.H. 

Breyer.J. 

Cohen, W. 

Coltman,N. e. 

Comaclio,M.E.P. 

St.Joseph's Inter.S., Lacytown, Georgetown, B.Guiana 



Marist Bros." Coll., Uitenhage 
Central S., Batticaloa 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Marist Bros.' Coll.. Uitenhage 
Marist Bros." Coll., Johannesburg 
Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 
Marist Bros,' Coll., Johannesburg 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 



Mohideen,H.H.M. 

Morri.son,J. 
^Sissison,N. 

Sparks, L. 
f Acquaah,A. d. 

Gravesande,D. 
I Tat,J.T. 
l^ St. Joseph's Inter. S., Lacytown, Georgetown, B. Guiana 



Central Coll., Colombo 

Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenliage 

Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 

Comenius Sec. S., Georgetown, B. Guiana 



rDawodu,J.B. 

Gillen,T.M. 
1 Johnson. G.O. 
I 2Joshua,A.R. 
I Otoo,D.F.K. 
L2Sbain,M.B. 
fAkiboye,J.A. 

Edwards. A. L. 

Johnson, B. A. 

Johnson, D.O. 

Segara|asingani,K. 
Ln'oskule.A.J. 
rEberle.M. 
I Goddard,A.A. 
1 Liesenberg.P, e. 
I Majekoduumi,B. 
I Nagamuttu.S. 
i NicoI.T.B. 
L^van der Zeil.S.A. 
rJoseph,E. 
LPhillips.H.P. 
rHebert.J. 
^,McKay,A. al. 
/^Fletciier,P. 
I Ogoe.E.A. 
1 Rausome-KutijJ.O. 
VTully.M. 
fdela Zilva.D.L. 

deSilva.A.W. 
VLeigh,W.W. 
/Cox.T.S. 

Isaac, S.D. 

Morel.S. 

Motubi.M.B.A. 

Rowe.D.C. 
l,Somefu,F.A. 

01ubi,K.B. 

Fernando, W.S.C. 

Short, M. 



C.M.S. Gram.S., Lagos 

Wesleyan Bovs' High S., Bathurst 

The New'High Class S., Lagos 

Private tuition 

Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 

Eton Coll., Colombo 

C.M.^. Gram. S., Lagos 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

The New High Class S., Lagos 

Abeokut-a Gram. S. 

Jaffna National Acad., Manepay 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Marist Bros,' Coll., Johannesburg 

Wesleyan Boys' High S., Bathurst 

Marist Bros." Coll,, Uitenliage 

The New High Class S., Lagos 

Eton Coll., Colombo 

Wesleyan Boys' High S., Bathurst 

Central Coll., Colombo 

Private tuition 

Marist Bros.' ColL, Uitenhage 

Comenius Sec. S., Georgetown, B. Guiana 

Marist Bros." Coll., Cala 

Private tuition 

Mfantsipim S., Cape Coast Castle 

Abeokuta Gram. S. 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

Central S., Batticaloa 

Central ColL, Colombo 

Wesleyan Boys' High S., Bathurst 

Wesleyan Boy.s' High S., Bathurst 

Norris ColL, Rangoon 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

The New High Class S., Lagos 

Slarist Bros.' Coll., Uitenhage 

C.M.S. Gram. S., Lagos 

CM S. Gram. S., Lagos 

Central Coll., Colombo 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 



GIRLS. 



FiRST CLASS [or Senior^. 
Pass Division, 



Clark, O. 



St. Anne's Conv., Uuizinto 



SECOND CLASS {or Junior~\. 
Honours Division, 

Hudson, M.L. s.e.h. Colonial High S., Kingston 

SECOND CLASS ^or Junior], 
Pass Division, 

BoMiiet.J. S.J. St. Joseph's Conv. S., Castries, St. Lucia 
Rliode.M. Holy Family Conv., Bloemfontein 

Ormsby.N.E. g.d. Colonial High S., Kingston 

Daniel, G. mu. Holy Family Conv,, Bloemfontein 

Vieyra.S. du. Conv.ofHolyFamily, End St., Johannesburg 
Zinn.A. Conv. of Holy Family," End St., Johannesburg 
Ramsay.E. Conv. of the Holy Cross, Cala 

Stephenson, F. Government S., Nairobi 

Gentle, F.A. Private tuition 

Breen,J. Conv. of Holy Family, End St., Johannesburg 
Every, A. Holy Family Conv., Bloemfontein 

Haw.K. «, Coav. of the Holy Cross, Cala 

Hugo.D. Holy Family Conv., Bloemfontein 

Anthony, P. Bigandet English S., Rangoon 

Spencer,H.R. Eton Coll., Colombo 

Anderson, M.B. Governments., Nairobi 

McLean, E. I. Private tuition 

THIRD CLASS, Honours Division. 

O'Reilly, I. s.c.li.fi.a.nl.f.d. 

St. Jt)sepirs Conv, S,, Castries, St. Lucia 

Buck]and,G. e.mv. Parktown Conv. S., Jonannesburg 

Biodie.L. a.algm. Convent High S., Mafeking 

Cadet,C. s.e.a.ol.f. St.Joseph'sConv.S., Castries, St. Lucia 

^Cronje.K.M. s. Augustinian Conv., Ladysmith 

LHenwood,B.M. s.e. Augustinian Conv., Ladysmith 

Moses,M.O. s.e.sp.d. The Anglo-American S., Lima 

rHaynes.F. Private tuition 

LWalser.J. e.aZ.gm. Convent High S., Mafeking 

Ferdinand, L. s. Private tuition 

Bristow,G.S. s.e. Augustinian Conv., Ladysmith 

fCrosby,J. d. Parktown Conv. 8., Johannesburg 

i Illing,M.A. s. Augustinian Conv., Ladysmitli 

l^Moses.L.A. s.h. The Anglo-American S., Lima 



THIRD CLASS, Pass Division. 

AtwelI,E. s.aJ. St. Joseph's Conv. S., Castries, St. Lucia 

EloffjM. e.ge. Parktown Conv. S., Johannesburg 

Israelstam.V. e. St Mary's Coll., Oakford 

Donald, A. Private tuition 

f Kirkpatrick.J". Augustinian Conv., Ladysmith 

tNeilson,W. e.a.cd. Convent High S., Mafeking 

rCasey,R. t.a.al. Convent High S., Mafeking 

1 Daniel, V. rf. Holy Family Conv., Bloemfontein 

[ Ridgway.W. 

I Conv. of Mercy High S.. Braamfontein, Johannesburg 
l^Ruddock.M.V. rf. The Anglo-Anierican S., Lima 

Reason, S. s.a. Private tuition 

fHanson,L.F. s.h. Augustinian Conv., Ladysmith 

I Pulliu,E.M. 

L Conv. of Mercy High S., Braamfontein, Johannesburg 

George, E. a. Private tuition 

Lukowsky,A. St. Anne's Conv., Umzinto 

2McClure,M.S. Government S., Nairobi 

^Walker.E.M. Holy Family Conv., Bloemfontein 

McLeod,V. e.d. Convent High S., Grahamstown 

f Kitchingman,D. St. Mary's Coll., Oakford 

l^Rowe.C.N. Augustinian Conv., Ladysir.ith 

Solomon, P. «?. Norris Coll., Rangoon 

f Ireland, O.J. Private tuition 

Phillibert,W.E.A. s.e. Private tuition 

LStark,C.L. Tlie Anglo-American S., Lima 

NealljC. Parktown Conv. S., Johannesburg 

rBarnes,M.o/.Conv.ofHolyFamily,EndSt., Johannesburg 

LBrown,G. St. Anne's Conv., Umzinto 

Gordon, E.J. 

Westwood High S., Stewart Town P.O., Jamaica 
Roberts, C.I. s. 

Westwood High S., Stewart Town P.O., Jamaica 
rAlexander,E. Parktown Conv. S., Johannesburg 

LCairncross,F.B. Augustinian Conv., Ladysmith 

f Peddie,E. Parktown Conv. S., Johannesburg 

LSkinner,D.Z. /*. The Anglo-American S., Lima 

f Elias,F. St. Anne's Conv., Umzinto 

I Heaton,D. Convent High S., Giahamstown 

LWeinar,S. Conv.ofHolyFamily, End St., Johannesburg 
rMendelssobn.E. aJ. 
1 Conv. of Holy Family, End St., Johannesburg 

van der Merwe, M. 
L Conv. of Holy Family, End St., Johannesburg 



fBeel.E. Parktown Conv. S., Johannesburg 

Mar.shall,L.H.C. 
L Westwood High S., Stewart Town P.O., Jamaica 

fAbrabamsou.N. 

I Couv. of Holy Family, End St., Johannesburg 

L. Clover, M. Holy Family Conv., Bloemfontein 

Powell, M. A. 

Westwood High S., Stewart Town P.O., Jamaica 
,^Facey,D.V. 

I We.-^twood High S., Stewart Town P.O., Jamaica 

! Helwig,E.M. 

i Westwood High S., Stewart Town P.O., Jamaica 

l,StandfasI,M.V.E. s. The Anglo-American S., Lima 

fConnock.A. d. Convent High S., Grahamstown 

I Glasgow, A. W.M. Private tuition 

I Johnson. G. Conv. of the Holy Cross, Cala 

LRobertson.H. M. Private tuition 

Maher,C. Convent High S., Grahamstown 

rPatker.N. Bigandet English S., Rangoon 

LPollitte, R. E.J. Private tuition 

Coen,B. Holy Family Conv., Bloemfontein 

f Alvaranga,I.L. s. 

I Westwood High S., Stewart Town P.O., Jamaica 

I Haynes,O.M. e. Private tuition 

Murray, E.L ■ 
L " Westwood High S., Stewart Town P.O., Jamaica 

('Koch,M. e. Con^'. of the Holy Cross, Cala 

LLevinson.LI. Conv. of the Holy Cross, Cala 

Bisset,G. Holy Family Conv., Bloemfontein 

Shuman,A. Conv. of the Holy Cross, Cala 

/'GrantjD. Convent High S., Grahamstown 

I McLean, L. St. Barnabas', Georgetown, B. Guiana 

I Rotbscbild.B. 

V Conv. of Holy Family, End St., Johannesburg 

Jardine,I. St. Mary's ColL, Oakford 

Metha.M. Bigandet English S., Rangoon 

McFerran.D. St. Mary's Coll., Oakford 

Elliot,N.J.S. Governments., Nairobi 

Pallas, L. Conv. of Holy Family, End St., Johannesburg 

f^Louw,E. Parktown Conv. S., Johannesburg 

I Matthews, G, Holy Family Conv., Bloemfonteiu 

l^[{Lliin,M. Government S., Nairobi 

Marcus, F. 

Conv. of Holy Family, End St., Johannesburg 



March 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



121 



LOWER FORMS EXAMINATION.— PASS LIST. 

BOYS. 



A.ieboye,D.O. 

A.ller.D.L. 

A.Uer.J. 

Aiyebiwo.C.B. 

Akitola,E.F. 

Allen, R. 

Asliton.E.F. 

Asliton,St.G.A.H. 

Ashworth,E. 

Baker, W. 

Beaton, W. 

Benken.C. 

Berinan,A. 

Bernstein, S. 

Bernstein, S.N. 

Blanchard,F.I. 

St. Joseph's Inter. S. 
Bradford,G.H. 

m. Joseph's Inter. S. 
Bryant, A. 
Clieiii.J. 
Cole.C.L.E. 
C()lley,A. 
Court,?. 
Ciishnev,J.'W. 
D.i]y,J.' 
Davidson, R. 
Dean, A. 
De Moura,V. 

St. Joseph's Inter. S. 
Dosuninu,B.O. 
Durham, M. 
Eckersley,A. 
Eftren.I. 
Effren,R. 
Eldred.J. 
Ewels.R. 



Abeokuta Gram. S. 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Abeokuta Gram. S. 

Abeokuta Gram. S. 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Cala 

The Anglo-American S., Lima 

The Anglo-American S., Lima 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesbnrg 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Government S., Nairobi 

St. Aidan's Coll., Grahamstown 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Lacytown, Georgetown, B. Guiana 

, Lacytown, Georgetown, B. Guiana 

St. Aidan's Coll., Grahamstown 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

The New High Class S., Lagos 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Cala 

Marist Bros." Coll., Johannesburg 

Governments., Nairobi 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Government S., Nairobi 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

, Lacytown, Georgetown, B. Guiana 
Abeokuta Gram. S. 
Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 
Marist Bros." Coll., Johannesburg 
Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 
Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 
Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 
Marist Bros.' Coll., Cala 



Ferreira,P. 

Fi3her,M.O. 

Fisher,R. 

Fitz-Henry.E. 

Fitz-Henry,J. 

Francis, C. 

Furlev.D. 

Green, D.O. 

Groth,J. 

Growdon,E. 

Hunter,R. 

Jenkins, B. 

Jenkins, S. 

Johanseu,A. 

Kaplan, H. 

Kemp,B. 

Keogan.G. 

Kleine.H.C. 

Kuforiji,E.M. 

Kuny.J. 

Lahaniiii,N.A. 

Lane.B. 

Lang,0. 

Lass, 51. 

Lee,G.M.P.M. 

Levitow.A. 

Levy.L.T. 

Lewis, H.E. 

Lewis. M. 

Lipman,L 

Maggs,C. 

Majiyagbe,J.M. 

Markiles,M. 

Martins, A. B. 

Mason, H.C. 

McCarley,F. 

McChesney,J.S. 



Marist Bros.' Coll., Cala 

Abeokuta Gram. S. 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Marist Bro.s.' Coll., Cala 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Cala 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Cala 

St. Aidan's Coll., Grahamstown 

Abeokuta Gram. S. 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Government S., Nairobi 

Governments., Nairobi 

Government S., Nairobi 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Marist Bros,' Coll., Johannesburg 

' Coll., Johannesburg 

' Coll., Johannesburg 

Abeokuta Gram. S. 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Abeokuta Gram. S. 

St. Aidan's Coll., Grahamstown 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Cala 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Private tuition 

' Coll., Johannesburg 

' Coll., Johannesburg 

' Coll., Johannesburg 

' Coll., Johannesburg 

' Coll., Johannesburg 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Abeokuta Gram. S. 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Abeokuta Gram. S. 

Marist Bros,' Coll., Joliannesburg 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Marist Bros." Coll., Johannesburg 



Marist Bros.' 
Marist Bros.' 



Marist Bros.' 
Marist Bros.' 
Marist Bros.' 
Marist Bros." 
Marist Bros.' 



Morris, J. 

Myerson,L. 

Nathan,C. 

Navaratnam,K. 

Neaves,P. 

0'Grady,J. 

Pallas.H. 

Paul,S.C. 

PerumaI,G. 

Powell, A. 

Ranisay,T. 

Roberts, J. O'D. 

Roberts.J.O.A. 

Robinson, E. 

Rodger, R. 

Riihmer,H. 

Schwartzel.L. 

Segall,J. 

Segall.M. 

Sehof,H. 

Shires, J. 

Shunmugam,R. 

Smillie,S. 

Smith, C. 

Smith,G.C. 

Somoye.F.O. 

Somoye,J.A. 

Stone.H. 

SuzmaD,S. 

Taylor, V. A. 

Tullock,C.E. 

St. Joseph's Inter. S. 
Walker,R. 
Waltman.S.J. 
Warren, H.T. 
White.J. 



St. Aidan's Coll., Grahamstown 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Central Coll., Colombo 

Marist Bros." Coll., Johannesburg 

St. Aidan's Coll., Grahamstown 

Marist Bros." Coll., Johannesburg 

Eton Coll., Colombo 

Central Coll., Colombo 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesbnrg 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Cala 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

The New High Class S., Lagos 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Marist Bros.' CoU., Johannesburg 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Government S., Nairobi 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Marist Bros." Coll., Johannesburg 

Government S., Nairobi 

Marist Bros." Coll., Johannesburg 

Central Coll., Colombo 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Cala 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Abeokuta Gram. S. 

Abeokuta Gram. S. 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 

The New High Class S., Lagos 

Lacytown, Georgetown, B. Guiana 

St. Aidan's Coll., Grahamstown 

Marist Bros." Coll., Johannesburg 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Cala 

Marist Bros.' Coll., Johannesburg 



Alexander.G. Parktown Conv. S., Johannesburg 

Anderson, V.B. Linstead Home S., Jamaica 

Arlain,M.A.F. St. Joseph's Conv. S., Castries, St. Lucia 
Angusto,W. St. Joseph's Conv. S., Castries, St. Lucia 

Bedding, E. Government S., Nairobi 

Belmar,L.M. St. Joseph's Conv. S., Castries, St. Lucia 
Blackman,P.E. 

St. Josephs Inter. S., Lacytown, Georgetown, B. Guiana 
Bonnet, E.M. St. Joseph's Conv. S., Castries, St. Lucia 
Brockhuizen,B. Parktown Conv. S., Johannesburg 

Brown, O. St. Anne's Conv., Umzinto 

Bruniquel,M. St. Mary's Coll., Oakford 

Bryce,I.C. 

St. Joseph's Inter. S., Lacytown, Georgetown, B. Guiana 
Carrington.A.E.M. St. Barnabas', Georgetown, B. Guiana 
Charter, K. Convent High S., Mafeking 

ChietiCz,B. Conv. of Holy Family, End St., Johannesburg 
Clarke, E. Conv. of Holy Trinity, End St., Johannesburg 
Cohen, D. Conv. Branch S., President St., Johannesburg 
Constable, V. St. Joseph's Conv. S., Castries, St. Lucia 
Cook.O.M. Government S., Nairobi 

Couts,A. St. Mary's Coll., Oakford 

CoXjA.L. St. Joseph's Conv. S., Castries, St. Lucia 

Cruywagen,D. Conv.of Holy Family,EndSt., Johannesburg 
Daly,D.R. Convent High S., Mafeking 

Dernberger,C. Conv. Branch S., President St. Johannesburg 
Douohoe.A. Convent High S., Mafeking 

Donohoe,M. Convent High S., Mafeking 



GIELS. 

Fer^'usou.E. Holy Family Conv., Bloemfontein 

FieUling.P. Convent High S., Mafeking 

Freedman.R. Conv.of Holy Family, EndSt.,Joliannesburg 
Goldberg, P. I. Holy Family Conv., Bloemfontein 

Grant, L. Parktown Conv. S., Johannesburg 

Gregan,!. St. Anne's Conv., Umzinto 

Hadley,V. Conv. of Holy Family, End St., Johannesburg 
Halsall,D. Conv. ofHoly Family, End St., Johannesburg 
Headley.A.A. Private tuition 

Hobley, K. Convent High S., Grahamstown 

James, E. Conv. of Holy Family, End St., Johannesburg 
Keeley.A. Convent High S., Mafeking 

Kelly,I.C. Holy Family Conv., Bloemfontein 

King, A. Conv. of Holy Family, End St., Johannesburg 
Kdenig,K. Parktown Conv. S., Johannesburg 

Lai)orte,C.M. St. Joseph's Conv. S., Castries, St. Lucia 
Leahong,U.A. Colonial High S., Kingston 

Leslie, E. St. Mary's Coll., Oakford 

Loock.M. Holy Family Conv., Bloemfontein 

Lord.N. St. Joseph's Conv. S., Castries, St. Lucia 

Lukowsky.L. St. Anne's Conv., Umzinto 

Mace.C.A. Governments., Nairobi 

Marcus, A. St. Mary's Coll., Oakford 

McCarthy,M. Convent High S., Mafeking 

McClure.J.H. Governments., Nairobi 

McGee,G. Conv. Branch S., President St., Johannesburg 
McIntyre.A. Conv. of Mercy, Crown Rd., Fordsburg 

McSamara,E. Conv. of Mercy, Crown Rd., Fordsburg 



Meczyk.A. Conv. of Holy Family, End St., Johannesburg 
Moranda.M.A. 

St. Joseph's Inter. S., Lacytown,Georgetown, B. Guiana 
Mortimer,K. Conv. of Holy Family, End St., Johannesburg 
Parker,A.I. St. Bainabas', Georgetown, B. Guiana 

Playsted.M. Convent High S., Grahamstown 

Hogers.il. Conv. Branch S., President St., Johannesburg 
Schmidt, V. Conv. Branch S., PresidentSt., Johannesburg 
Sinclair,R. St. Mary's Coll., Oakford 

Spry,E. Parktown Conv. S., Johannesburg 

Steyn.M. 

Conv. of Mercy High S., Braamfontein, Johannesburg 

Conv. of Mercy High S., Braamfontein, Johannesburg 
Stron" M E. Holy Family Conv. , Bloemfontein 

Tavenor,D. St. Mary's Coll., Oakford 

Thoinas.B.G. Government S., ^alrobl 

Tobiansky,G. Conv.of Holy Family.Eiid St. .Johannesburg 
Tucker I L 'V P. Linstead Home S., Jamaica 



Linstead Home S., Jamaica 
Conv. otHolyFamily,EndSt., Johannesburg 
St. Barnabas', Georgetown, B. Guiana 
St. Joseph's Conv. S., Castries, St. Lucia 
St. Mary's Coll., Oakford 
Government S., Nairobi 
Woods I. Conv. of Holv Family, End St., Johannesburg 
Zetfert B. Conv. of Holy Family, End St., Johannesburg 



Tucker, R.M 
Wallett,C. 
Welch,H.A. 
Westall.R. 
Williams, M. 
Wilson, A.C. 



THE COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS. 



CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION CLASS LISTS FOR CHRISTMAS, 1911. 

Fourth Senior Prize for CtEsehal Proficiency. 
Adde)ulum—Ro%a.n?,, J. A., Oakes Institute, Walton, Liverpool. 

Third Class, Honours Dfv'ision (Girls). 
Erratum— HhQ address for Cohen, F. L., should read " The Limes, Buckhurst Hill," and not " The Lime=^, Richmond Hill. 



122 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



March 1, 1912. 



BLACKIE & SON'S NEW LIST 

Just issued. 

THE GROUNDWORK OF 
BRITISH HISTORY. 

BY 

GEORGE TOWNSEND WARNER, M.A., 

Sometime Fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge; Master of the Modern Side in Harrow School; Author of "A Brie Survey 

of British History," &o. 



G. H. K. MARTEN, M.A., 

Balliol College, Oxford ; Assistant ilaster at Eton College. 

With iWaps, Time Ciiarts, and fuil index. 
764 pp., super-crown 8vo, 6s. Also in Two Parts, 3s. 



6cl. each. 



BLACKIE'S 
ENGLISH TEXTS. 

6(3. each. Blue limp cloth covers. Over 100 Volumes. To be 
used in correlation with the study of English Literature 
and History. 



THE WARWICK 
SHAKESPEARE. 

Edited by Prof. HERFOBD, Litt.D. The best and most 
widely used edition of Shakespeare for School purposes. Price 
Is. and Is. 6d. 



A NEW ENGLISH COURSE ON MODERN LINES. 

A FIRST ENGLISH COURSE. 

By FRANK JONES, B.A., Assistant Master, King Edward's School, Aston, Birmingham ; Lecturer in English at the Birmingham 

and Midland Institute ; Joint Author of Scott and Jones's " Latin Course." 
Crown 8vo, cloth. Price 2s. 6d. 



A FIRST LATIN GRAMMAR. 

By E. H. SCOTT, B.A., Late Head Master of Boys' Secondary School, Barberton, Transvaal ; and 
FRANK JONES, B.A., Assistant Master, King Edward's School, Aston, Birmingham. 

Crown 8vo, cloth, 2s. 

A LATIN COURSE. 

By E. H. SCOTT, B.A., and FRANK JONES, B.A. 

First Course, cloth, Is. 6d. Second Course, cloth. Illustrated, 2s. 6d. 

BLACKIE'S CAUSAL GEOGRAPHIES. 

REGIONALLY TREATED. 
By H. J. SNAFE, M.A., Senior English Master, King Edward VII's School, Sheffield. 

Now Ready. JRUBOPE. Price 2s. 

THE PLAIN-TEXT SHAKESPEARE. 

THE GREATER PLAYS. TEXT ONLY. NO NOTES. Strongly bound in cloth. Price 4d. each. 
A New Edition of the greater Plays of Shakespeare, presented in a serviceable form, at a cheap price. The Text follows the well- 
known Junior School Shakespeare, which omits everything that might be thought undesirable in class reading. 
The Merchant of Venice. Coriola.nus. Twrelfth Nig^ht. Macbeth. 

Julius Caesar. King; Richard II. Hamlet. King Lear. 

As You Like It. King Richard III. King Henry VIII. Midsummer Night's Dream. 

King Henry V. The Tempest. King John. 

The above Plays may also be had in the Junior School Shakesiieare, with Notes, price 8d. or lOd. each. 

fi@° Prospectuses giving full particulars of above books twill be sent post free on application. 
BLACKIE & SON, LTD., 50 OLD BAILEY, LONDON. 

GLASGOW AND BOMBAY. 



I 



March 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



123 



MESSRS. BELL'S 

NEW EDUCATIONAL BOOKS. 

GEOMETRY 
FOR SCHOOLS. 

By W. G. BORCHARDT, M.A., 

and the Rev. A. D. PERROTT, M.A. 

Now Ready :— Vol. I. — Covering Stages I and 11 of the Board 
of Education Circular, No. 711, 1909. Is. 
Vol. II. — Triangles and Parallelograms. ls.6d. 
Vol. III.— Areas. Is. 
Also Vols. I-III in One Volume, 2s. 6d. 

Ready shortly .-—Vol. IV (Circles), Vol. V (Proportions), Vol. VI 
(Solids). 
Vols. II to VI cover Stage III of the Board of 
Education Circular. 



CIVIL SERVICE 
EXAMINATION PAPERS. 

Edited by H. N. ADAIR, M.A., 

Senior French Master at the Strand School, King's College, London. 
This new series is intended primarily for the use of Candidates for the 
Middle Grades of the Civil Service. 

Xow Ready. Crown 8vo. Is. 6d. 

FRENCH COMPOSITION. 

Consisting of Pieces set at Civil Service Examinations. Reprinted liy 
permission of H.Jt. Stationery Office, and Edited, with Brief ^otes, 
by H. N. .\DAIE, M.A. 
CosTENTS.— Second Division Examination Papers — Admiralty, &c.. 
Papers— Militarv Entrance Examinations: AVoohvich and Sandhurst— 
A.ssistant in the' British Jlusenm— Examinations for Student Interpreters- 
Class I— Notes. 

Crown 8vo. Limp cloth, 6d. 

EASY LATIN PLAYS. 

By M. L. NEWMAN, 

High School for Girls, Sheffield. 



Of »he two plays which are included in this vohiiue. " Matt 
homm" is published at the request of teachers who attended llie 
School of Latin at Bangor. The play was written to serve as a ve;i( 
for an Upper Tliird Form during the second and third terms of tl 
wliioh Lafln was begun. 



'r G racc- 

Suuimer 

ling liook 

le j'ear in 



BELL'S 



SIMPLIFIED 
CLASSICS. 



LATIN 



Edited, with Notes, Exercises, and Vocabulary, by S. E. Wix bolt, M.A. 
Crown 8vo. With numerous IlUistrations. Is. 6d. each. 



Xew Volumes. 
Virgil's Athletic Sports. 



Read'/ immediateJji. 
I Virgil's The Taking of Troy. 



Crown 8vo. 2s. 6d. 

ADVANCED ENGLISH GRAMMAR 
THROUGH COMPOSITION. 

By JOHN D. ROSE, M.A., 

Rector of the Kirkcaldy High School. 

The present book completes a course of Englisli Grammar for schools 
according to the methods laid down in the Elementavu EnnJish Grauiiiutr 
Through Composition, by the same author. The title explains liieofviirt 
in view. It is to treat Grammar, not as an end in itself, divorced fiom 
immediate utility, but as arising out of everyday forms of speeeli. and as 
giving practical help in their mastery and in the completeness of their 
studv. The terminology recommended by the .Joint Committee on Grain- 
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throughout. 

London : G. BELL & SONS, Limited, 

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be forwarded post free.) 



CURRENT EVENTS. 



At tlie Members' Meeting of the College of 
Preceptors, on March 20, a paper will be read 
Fixtures. ^^ ^j^. jj ^y Keatinge, M.A., Oxford Univer- 
sity Reader in Education, on " The Danger of 

Esthetics in Schools." 

* * 

* 

Mlle d'Orliac will address the Societe Nationale des 
Professeurs de Fran^ais at the College of Preceptors on 
March 2, at -i p.m., on " La Cnlture fran^.aise en Angle- 
terra." 

* * 
* 

The Teachers' Guild Modern Language Holiday Courses 
will be held this year at Honfleur, Santander, and Liibeck, 
commencing in the first week of August. They are speci- 
ally arranged for English-speaking students, and emphasis 
is laid on phonetics. For information address the Teachers' 
Guild, 7-i Gower Street, W.C. A handbook will be issued 
presently. 

=f^ 

The Loudon Branch of the Incorporated Association of 
Assistant Masters in Secondary Schools is organizing a 
meeting, to be held at 3 p.m. on Saturday, March 9, at 
which the Insurance Act, with special reference to secondary 
teachers, will be explained. The Association, in conjunction 
with other Associations, is taking steps to form an approved 
Society for Secondary and University Teachers. All Uni- 
versity, secondary, and technical teachers (of both sexes)^ m 
London are invited to the meeting. The place of meeting 
will be announced later. Particulars may be obtained on 
application to Mr. H. P. Lunn, the County Secondary 
School, Hollo way; Hilldrop Road, Camden Road, N. 

* * 

* 

Mr. Ben. H. Mokgam, F.S.S., will complete his series of 
six addresses on " The Trade, Industry, and Finance of the 
British Empire " at the London School of Economics : 
March 6, " South Africa"; March 20, " India and the Crown 
Colonies" ; March 27, " The Empire's Resources." The hour 

is .5 p.m. 

^ # * 

Miss C. von Wyss will address the School Nature-Study 
Union at the London Day Training College, Southampton 
Row, W.C, on March 15, at 7.4.5 p.m., on " The Ways of 

Pond Animals." 

# * 
# 

Miss Margaret McMillan will address the Fabian Educa- 
tion Group at Clifford's Inn Hall on March 5, at 8 p.m., on 
" What the Worker Wants "—the third of a series of lec- 
tui-es on " The Higher Education of Working People." 

At a Group Meeting on March 14, at 7,30, Mrs. Dice will 
offer " Some Reflections on the need for Further Training 
for Class Teachers and Special Training for Head Teacher- 
ships." 

* 

The International Commission on Mathematical Eduoa- 



124 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[March 1, 1912. 



tion will meet at Cambridge on August 22-28, on occasion 
of the fifth International Congress of Mathematicians. 

The educational subjects proposed for discussion are the following : — 
(1) Intuition and experiment in mathematical teaching at secondary 
schools, in particular the use of drawiuff, measurement, and calculation 
(numerical and graphical) in the upper classes of schools that prepare for 
the Universities ; (2) mathematics as needed in the study of physics. In 
preparation for these discussions, information is being collected as to the 
conditions prevailing in different countri es. 

# * 

The Child Study Society announces that a Conference of 
the combined societies will be held at the University of 
London on May 9-11 under the presidency' of Sir James 

Crichton-Browne, P.R.S. 

# * 
* 

An Exhibition of Designs for Mural Painting and for the 
Decoration of Schools and other Public Buildings will take 
place at Crosby Hall, Chelsea, in the latter part of May. 
Competition is limited to artists and students living in 
London and vicinity. All designs must be delivered to the 
Hon. Secretaries by May 1. Subscriptions to the Hon. 
Treasurer, Mr. John Ross, C.A., University Hall of Resi- 
dence, Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, S.W. 

# * 

At the Polyglot Club (4 Southampton Row) the following 
lectures, &c., will be given (8.30 p.m.) : — March 2, "La Nature 
et la Morale," by M. M. Deshumbert ; March 4, " Peru the 
Cradle of South America," with limelight views, by Mr. Oscar 
V. Salomon; March 9, Serata Italiana ; March 11, German 
Cnot yet arranged) ; March 16, " Le Sonnet en France au 
XIXe Siecle," by Prof. L. M. Brandin ; March 18, Debate, 
" That the Music Hall is the onlj' Present-day Survival of 
True Art " ; March 21, " El Poeta de Europa," by Sefior 
Don Ramon Basterra ; March 2-1, " Musica e Poesia," by 
Cav. Tullio Sambucetti ; March 25, Annual General Meet- 
ing ; ilarch 28 (Russian), "The Binocular Vision and 
Human Psychology : some Fantastic Speculations," by Mr. 
A. Bakshy ; March 30, Diner Franfais. Hon. General 
Secretary: George Young, 5 and 6 Clement's Inn, Strand, 

w.c. 



The Weldon Memorial Prize, O.'iford Uni- 

Houours. versity, has been awarded to Prof. Karl 

Pearson, F.R.S., LL.D., who, however, has 

renounced the honour. " I feel strongly," he writes to the 

Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University, " that, whatever the 

formal wording of the statutes may be, the intention of 

the donors and the spirit of the late Prof. Weldon, which 

influenced their foundation, was the encouragement of 

3'ounger men, to whom timely recognition may mean an 

all-important indication that their work is appreciated and 

their chosen path a fitting one." 

* * 
* 

The Senatus Academicus of the University of St. Andrews 

have resolved to confer the following honorary degrees at 

the public graduation ceremonial to be held on July 17 : — 

D.D.— Rev. J. S. Clemens, B.D., Principal of the United Methodist 
College, Ranmoor, SheflBeld : Prof. James Maekinnon, Ph.D., Professor 
of Church History at Edinburgh ; the Rev. T. Sinton, Minister of Dores, 
Inverness : the Rev. A. D. Sloan, M.A., B.Sc, Minister of Hope Park 
ir.F. Church, St. Andrews, Chairman of the St. Andrews Burgh School 
Board. 

LL.D. — Mr. J. M. Anderson, Librarian of the University; Sir Ralph 
W. Anstruther, Bart., of Balcaskie, Pittenweem ; Geh. Reg. Professor 
Georg F. L. P. Cantor, Professor of Mathematics at the Friederichs 
University, Halle ; Sir Thomas Boor Crosby, Lord Mayor of London, 
M.D. (St. Andr. 1862) ; Mr. W. K. Dickson, Keeper of the Advocates' 
Library ; Dr. G. G. Henderson, M.A., D.Sc. , Professor of Chemistry in 
Glasgow Technical College , Prof. J. P. Kuenen, of Leyden, formerly 
Professor of Physics in LTniversity College, Dundee : Mr. Alexander 
Shewan, M.A. Aberd., St. Andrews, formerly of the Indian Civil Ser- 
vice ; and Sir John Batty Tuke, M.D., who for many years represented 
the Universities of Edinburgh and St. Andrews in Parliament. 



A MEMORIAL tablet to the late Principal John Marshall 
Lang, C.V.O., D.D., pre.sented by his family, has been 
placed in King's College Chapel, Aberdeen. 

* * 
* 

Sir Edwin Ray Lankestek, Vice-Chancellor M. E. Sadler, 
and the Duke of Northumberland have been elected honorary 
Students of Christ Church, Oxford. 

* * 
* 

The Rev. Dr. Edwin A. Abbott has been elected an 
Honorary Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge. 

* * 
* 

Dr. a. E. Shipley, Master of Christ's College, Cambridge, 
has been presented with his portrait in oils, painted by Mr. 
William Nicholson, in recognition of his services to zoo- 
logical teaching and research and his eminent usefulness to 
the University and to his college. 

* * 
* 

Mr. a. Y. Babkov, B.A., St. Petersburg, has been ap- 
pointed Honorary Research Fellow in the Economic Con- 
ditions of the Russian Empire in the University of Liver- 
pool. 

* * 

Dk. Percy Pickerill, Director of the Dental School of 
the University of Otago, formerly Lecturer in Dental 
Histology and Pathology in Birmingham University, has 
been awarded the Cartwright Prize of the Royal College 
of Surgeons of England — a bronze medal and £70. 



Endowments and 
Benefactions. 



The Goldsmiths' Company has made the 
following grants to the University of Lon- 
don :— £10,000 for the Building Fund of 
King's College for Women ; £6,000 for the Endowment 
Fund of Bedford College for Women; and £1,000 for the 
Building and Equipment Fund of the Chemical Department 
of University College. 

The Company has also made a grant of £1,000 to the 
National Physical Laboratory at Teddington for the equip- 
ment of the Metallurgical Department. 



* * 
* 



Regulations have been adopted for the administration of 
the Medical Research Fund for which provision was made in 
the will of the late Dr. Charles Graham. The income of 
the fund, about £1,250 a year, will be devoted to aiding 
research in the School of Advanced Medical Studies con- 
nected with University College Hospital, London. A 
Director of Research will be appointed at a salary not ex- 
ceeding £400 a year ; there will be a Scholarship in Patho- 
logy of the value of £200 a year, tenable for two years ; and 
provision is further made for the award of a gold medal for 
pathological research, for making grants to workers in the 
laboratories, and for defraying the expenditure on apparatus, 
etc., required for the purposes of the trust. 



* 



The Birmingham Education Committee has recommended 
the City Council to make a grant annually to the University 
equal to the net produce of a penny rate, which is estimated 
to realize about £16,000. It was also recommended that the 
University should offer annually fifteen major scholarships 
entitling the holders to a remission of fees, together with a 
maintenance grant in case of necessity of not more than £30 
per annum ; further, that junior lecturers in Economics, 
Hi.story, Literature, and other subjects for working-class 
circles, should be appointed, the lecturers to give evening 
lectures to adult workers. 



March 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



125 



The coalowners of the South Midlands are providing 
£250 a year for five years for a Lecturer on Mine Rescue 
Work in tlie Mining Department of Birmingham Uni- 
versity. 

# * 
« 

The University of Manchester has issued an urgent appeal 
for funds for the Faculty of Commerce. An additional in- 
come of £1,500 a year is needed. 

# * 
* 

The late Miss Helen Swindells, of Birkdale, has left 
£5,000 to Manchester University for the promotion of 
Cancer Research. 

# * 
* 

The Building and Endowment Fund of Bedford College 

of Women has been raised to £115,000 by a muuificeut gift 

of £30,000 by an anonymous donor. 

* * 

Mr. Cle.ment Stephenson, Veterinary Inspector for North- 
umberland, has given £5,000 towards the erection of build- 
ings for a new Agricultural Department in Armstrong- 
College, to undertake advisory work among farmers in the 
north of England. 

* # 
* 

LloijiVs Begisfer has given three scholarships of £50 a year 
for three years to Armstrong College. Open to British sub- 
jects under twenty-three. 

* * 
* 

Miss Emily Davies, LL.D., for many years the Hon. 
Secretary of Girton College, was presented, by over 1,300 
of her admirers and friends, with 700 guineas " for disposal 
as she might think fit." The Mistress of Girton, in making 
the presentation, announced that a tablet, with the words 
" Emily Davies Court," has been put up over the oldest part 
of the College Buildings. Miss Davies has since offered the 
sum of money to the fund for completing the East Wing. 

* * 
* 

Dr. J. B. Hurry, of Reading, has oiJered to endow a Re- 
search Studentship in Physiology at Cambridge — £100, 
tenable for one year and available every two years. 

* * 
* 

Mrs. Elizabeth Farmer-Atkixson, Epsom, has left £500 

to the Leys School, Cambridge, subject to her husband's 

life interest. 

* 

Mr. J. Griffith Jones, of Pontypridd, has subscribed 
another £100 (making £600 in all) for two "Caradog" 
Scholarships in Music, of £25 each for two years, at Univer- 
sity College, Cardiff. 

* * 
* 

Mr. T. R. Ferens, M.P., has given the Hull City Council 
£1,250 to provide an Exhibition of £50 to a British Uni- 
versity. 



„ , , , . In Oxford, University Scholarships, 

and Prizes Exhibitions, <tc., are ottered by various 

Colleges, as follows. Classics : March 19, 
Magdalen ; March 25, Worcester ; May 14, Pembroke. — 
Mathematics : March 5, Magdalen, Brasenose, Christ Church, 
Worcester. — Natural Science : March 5, University, Lincoln, 
Magdalen, St. John's ; March 12, Keble ; March 19, Merton, 
Exeter, New College, Corpus Christi ; July 2, Brasenose. — 
History : March 19, Exeter ; lilarch 25, Worcester ; May 14, 
Pembroke ; June 11, Non-Collegiate students. — French : 
March 25, Worcester. — Music : March 19, Keble. 



St. John's College, Oxford, offers a number of exhibitions 
in Language and Literature (£40 to £60 a year), open with- 
out limit of age to persons in need of assistance. Examina- 
tion begins June 18. 






Clare College, Cambridge, offers an Organist Student- 
ship, £65 a year, on March 19. 



* 



A COMBINED examination for Entrance Scholarships and 
Exhibitions, tenable at University College, King's College, 
and East London College, will be held in London by the 
London Inter-Collegiate Scholarships' Board on May 28 and 
following days. Apply for forms of entry to the Secretar-y 
of the Board, University College, Gower Street, W.C. 
Forms to be returned by May 1. 



* * 
* 



The John Bright Scholarship for Research in English 
Literature is offered for competition by Manchester Uni- 
versity to persons that have taken the degree of Bachelor 
in the University within the past five years. Apply to the 

Registrar by June 1. 

* * 
* 

Cheltenhan College offers at least 8 Entrance Scholar- 
ships of £80 to £20, and some House Exhibitions, to candi- 
dates not already in the college. Also, open to all, 3 Army 
Scholarships, 2 Old Cheltonian Scholarships, and 1 Francis 
Wyllie Scholarship. Some nominations for Sons of the 
Clergy, £30 a year, open next term. Apply to the Bursar. 

* # 
* 

Framlingham College, Suffolk, offers 3 Entrance Scholar- 
ships on March 29. Apply to the Secretary. 

* # 
* 

Sherborne School offers Entrance Scholarships to boys 
under 15 (on August 1). Examination commences July 16. 
Apply to the Head Master. 



. . ^ ^ It is reported that Sir Charles N. E. 

atdTatri^ Eliot, K.C.M.G., Vice-chancellor of Shef- 
field University, has been nominated 
Principal of Hong-Kong University. 

Sir Charles Norton Eliot was educated at Cheltenham and Ballio 
College, Oxford, and after a very brilliant career at the University 
entered the Diplomatic Service in 18S8. He held posts at St. 
Petersburg, Constantinople, and Washington, and in Morocco, 
Bulgaria, Servia, and Samoa. He became Commissioner and Com- 
mander-in-Chief of the British East Africa Protectorate in 1900, 
but resigned, in 190i, in consequence of differences on questions of 
policy with the Home Government. He was appointed Vice- 
ChanceUor of the University of Sheffield in 1905. 



* « 
* 



Dr. William Odlixg, F.R.S., has resigned the Waynflete 
Professorship of Chemistry at Oxford as from the end of 
the current session, after some forty years' service. 

* 
Sir George Hare Philipson, President of the Newcastle 
College of Medicine, has been appointed Vice-Chancellor of 
Durham University. 

* 
The Chair of Semitic Languages and Litei-ature, in Man- 
chester University, is vacant through the premature death 
of Prof. H. W. Hogg, M.A., B.Litt. 

Educated at Dollar Academy, and at Edinburgh University 
(M.A.). Vice-Principal of the American College at Assiout (where 
his father, Dr. John Hogg, was Principal) 1SS8-94 ; settled at 
Oxford as contributor to the EucyclopiEdia BibUca 1894 ; joined 



126 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[March ], 1912. 



New College, and took degree of B.Litt. for research in Oriental 
History and Philology ; on editorial staff of Encyclopaedia Biblica 
1895-1903 ; Lecturer in Hebrew and Arabic at Owens College, 
1900-1903; Examiner in Honour School of Oriental Studies, Ox- 
ford, 1906. Elected Professor at Manchester 1903. Writings 
numerous and valuable. Age 48. 

* * 
# 

Mr. Edmund Taylor Whittaker, M.A. Cantab., Sc.D.Dubl., 

F.R.S., Royal Astronomer of Ireland since 1906, has been 

appointed Professor of Matliematics in the University of 

Edinbiirgh, in succession to Prof. Chrystal. 

Educated at Manchester Grammar School, and Trinity College, 

Cambridge. Fellow of Trinity 1896-1907. Secretary to the Royal 

Astronomical Society 1901-6. 

* * 
* 

The Rev. James Moffatt, D.D., Broughty Ferry, has been 

appointed to a Professorship in Mansfield College, Oxford. 

» * 
* 

Prof. John Joi.y, D.Sc, F.R.S., Trinity College, Dublin, 
has been appointed Huxley Lecturer in Birmingham Uni- 
versity for 1912. — Mr. John Fnrneaux Jordan, M.B., F.R.C.S., 
has been appointed Ingleby Lecturer. 

* * 
* 

Dr. a. H. Fison has' been appointed Secretary to the 
Gilchrist Educational Trust, in succession to the late Dr. 

R. D. Roberts. 

* # 
* 

Mr. Alfred Schwartz has resigned the Professorship of 
Electrical Engineering in Manchester University and the 
Municipal School of Technology, on appointment to a Staff 
Inspectorship in Engineering under the Board of Education. 

* * 
* 

Mr. Ivor Thomas, Ph.D. Marb., D.Sc. Wales, of the Geo- 
logical Survey, London, has been appointed an Inspector of 
Schools under the Board of Education. 

Aberystwyth University College : B.Sc. with honours. Master 
at "Wellington CoUege ; Science Master, Brynmawr County School. 
F.G.S. 

* * 
# 

An Assistant Lecturer is required in the Departments for 
the Training of Men Teachers for Elementary and Secondary 
Schools in Cardiff University College, in succession to Mr. 
Caleb Rees, M.A., who has been appointed to a post under 
the Board of Education. Apply to the Registrar by 
March 12. 



A Professor of Political Economy and English is required 
for Canning College, Lucknow. Honours degree ; special- 
ized in Political Economy ; experience. Rs. 500 a month, 
rising by annual increments of Rs.50 to Rs.750 a month. 
Apply, with copies of testimonials in duplicate, to the 

Principal, by April 7. 

* * 
* 

Mr. E. a. Benians, M.A., Fellow of St. John's College, 
Cambridge, has been appointed to a Lectureship in History 
at the College. He is at pi'esent in the East as an " A.K." 

Travelling Scholar. 

* * 
* 

Mr. S. J. Crawford, M.A. (R.U.I.), has been appointed 
Lecturer in English in the University of Bristol, in succes- 
sion to Dr. F. E. A. Campbell. 

* * 
* 

THELady-Superintendentship of Women Students at Uni- 
versity College Hall, London, is vacant through the death of 
Miss Rosa Morison, who had held the post for nearly thirty 
years. 



Mr. Alan G. Ogilvie, of Magdalen College, has been ap- 
pointed .Junior Demonstrator in Geography at Oxford, in 
place of Mr. 0.sbert G. S. Crawford, of Keble College, 
resigned. 



* * 

* 



ilR. .James Munroe, M.A., has been appointed Lecturer on 
Colonial and Indian History in Edinburgh University. 



Mr. E. M. Taylor, B.Sc, of the Department of Agricul- 
tural Chemistry, Armstrong College, has been appointed 
Assistant Lecturer in Chemistiy at the Harper-Adams 
Agricultural College, Xewport. 

* * 
* 

The Principalship of the Liverpool School of Art is 
vacant. £600. Apply (official form) to the Director of 
Technical Education, Central Technical School, Byrom 
Street, Liverpool, by March 5. 

* # 
* 

Mr. J. F. Rees, B.A., Assistant Lecturer in History, 
Bangor University College, has beeir appointed Lectarer in 
Economic History in the Queen's University, Belfast. 

Applications for the Assistant Lecturership in History at 
Bangor should be made to the Secretary and Registrar by 
March 16. 

* 

Mr. M. H. Renall, B.Sc, of University College, London, 
has been appointed Assistant Lecturer and Demonstrator in 
Physiology and Lecturer in Physiological Chemistry, at 

University College, Cardiff. 

* * 
* 

Mr. Edwin Thielwall England, M.A., Head J\faster of 
King Edward VI School, Bury St. Edmunds, has been ap- 
pointed Head Master of Exeter School. 

Educated at Trinity College, Cambridge. First Class (Second 
Division) Classical Tripos 1899. Marlborough College ; Bury 1908. 

* « 
* 

Mr. Frank Bower, M.A., Senior ^Master, University 
School, Southport, has been appointed Head Master of 
Southport College. 

Educated at Lvmm Grammar School, 'and at Owens CoUege. First 
Class in Final B. A. 1900; Cobden Club Prize 1900; Shuttleworth 
Prize in Economics 1902; M.A. 1903; Ci-anmore House School, 
Wolverhampton. 1901-2 ; Birkenhead School 1902-6 ; Halesowen 
Grammar School 1906-7; H.M.S. Conway 1907-8; University 
School, Southport, 1908. 

* * 
* 

Mr. George L. Robathan, Assistant Master, Cathedral 
School, Llandaff, has been appointed Head Master of the 
same school. 

JIatriculated at London University 1896 ; Surrey House School, 
Cliftonville, Margate. 

* # 
* 

Mr. G. S. Thompson, Glengorse School, Eastbourne, has 
been appointed Head Master of Derweiat House School, 

Bamford. 

* * 
* 

Miss C. E. Battye (Second Class. Final Honours in the 
School of Natural Science, Oxford), As.sistant Mistress, 
Clapham High School, has been appointed Lady Principal 
of the Hastings and St. Leonards Ladies' College, in suc- 
cession to Miss F. A. A. Bishop, who has retired after 

twenty-five years' service. 

» * 
* 

The Head Mastership of the County Secondary School, 
Holloway, Hilldrop Road, Islington, N., is vacant. £400, 



March 1, 1912.] 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



127 



rising by annual increments of £20 to £600. University 
degree ; Secondary experience. Apply (official form : send 
stamped addressed foolscap envelope) to the Education 
Officer, London County Council, Education Offices, Victoria 
Embankment, by March 4. 



Messrs. Geoege G. Harkap & Co. announce 
Literary. " The Industrial and Social History Series," 
by Miss Katharine E. Dopp. Ph.D., formerly 
Director of Training in the Normal Department of the Uni- 
versity of Utah. Three volumes are now ready : (1) "The 
Tree-Dwellers: the Age of Pear"; (2) " The Early Cave- 
men ; the Age of Combat " ; (3) " The Later Cave-men : the 
Age of the Chase." There is also a volume of " Suggestions 
to Teachers." " The series is written for the express pur- 
])ose of relating practical activities to all the work done in 

the elementary school." 

* * 
* 

The Cambridge University Press has decided to issue a 
series of monographs — " The Cambridge Farm Institute 
Series " — each containing a summary of the present position 
of some particular aspect or branch of agricultural science 
by an expert of acknowledged authority. The general 
editors of the series are Prof. T. B. Wood, School of Agri- 
culture, Cambridge, and Dr. E. J. Russell, Rothamsted Ex- 
perimental Station, Harpenden, Herts. The books are 
intended for senior students, teachers, and investigators. 



Messrs. Losgmans will shortly publish " An Introduction 
to Experimental Education," by Dr. R. R. Rusk, Lecturer in 
Education to the St. Andrews Provincial Committee. The 
work is based on Meumann, but incorporates the results of 
more recent investigation, especially in this country. 

* * 

Messrs. Macmillan promise "The Yerse of Greek Comedy," 

by Dr. John Williams White— a systematic study of the 

metres of Aristophanes. 

» * 
* 

Messrs. Constable will commence in April the publication 
of Bedrock : a Quarterly Review of Scientific Tliought, under 
the editorship of Mr. H. B. Grylls, with an Editorial Com- 
mittee consisting of Sir Bryan Donkin, Prof. Poulton, Prof. 
Turner, and Dr. G. Archdall Reid. 



The Prince of Wales will matriculate as 
Geoeral. an undergraduate at Magdalen College, Oxford, 
next Michaelmas term. 

* # 

* 

The Bishop of Durham, as Visitor of Durham University, 
has decided not to assent to the proposed removal of the 
restriction limiting degrees in Divinity to persons in 
priest's orders. The Faculty of Theology has more than 
once i-ecommended that such restriction should be removed. 

* * 
* 

Dr. August Weismann proposes to retire from the Chair 

of Zoology at Freiburg at the close of the winter session. 

* * 
* 

The proposed establishment of a University at Dacca is 
strongly opposed in Bengal, partly because it would ac- 
centuate linguistic and religious difficulties into a more 
serious separation than the late political partition, partly 
because the University and the colleges of Calcutta would 
cease to draw so many students from Eastern Bengal. 



THE MIDDLEMAN IN EDUCATION. 

At the Evening Meeting of the members of the College of 
Preceptors, on February 21, 1912, Prof. J. W. Adaiisox in the 
chair, Prof. J. Adams read a paper on the above subject. 
He said : 

According to Aristotle, politics is architectonic to education. 
The educator must take his orders from the statesman, because 
the statesman has to make use of the material worked up by the 
educator. Accordingly, we who are eugaged in the work of 
education know that we have our masters. But these masters 
give orders only with regard to the sort of results to be pro- 
duced ; they do not themselves interfere between the educator 
and his educands. Under modern educational conditions, how- 
ever, there has arisen a state of affairs in which there appears 
to be room for an official who is neither statesman nor educator, 
but is something of both, and who takes up a position of 
directing the professional activities of the teacher in the State 
schools. 

In order to understand the position and functions of this new 
official, we must take account of the recent developments in the 
way of correlating educational work with the economic needs of 
the time. AVe are not at present specially interested in what it 
has become fashionable to call vocational education, but rather 
in the work being carried on in what are known as vocational 
bureaux. The aim in these institutions is not so much to 
regulate the supply aud demand of labour in the various trades 
and professions as to make provision for enabling young people 
to discover for which occupations they are best fitted. Voca- 
tional bureaux are beiug established primarily in the interests 
of the young people themselves. The object is not to prescribe 
what special line of work each person shall follow, but to deter- 
mine the sort o/work for which each is best fitted, and, further, 
to place before each young person full information about the 
various occupations for which his (her) qualifications are really 
suitable. It is felt that in this way there will be no distuj-bance 
in the present natural working of the laws of supply and 
demand, while there will be a great gain in preventing the 
present lamentable waste of energy through the fitting of square 
men into round holes. 

The methods of discovering the possibilities of the natural 
endowments of young people are as yet in a rather rudimentarj- 
stage. We have a great deal yet to learn. In one of the vo- 
cational bureaux at present, for example, the method adopted is 
to put to the candidate for advice in the choice of a life-work 
certain questions so as to discover what sort of person he is. 
But the questions are not yet of a really useful kind. What 
sort of answers can be expected from a raw boy or girl to such 
questions as the following ? : Are you a good listener V Do you 
talk a great deal about yourself ." If you could get any six 
things you wished for, what would those six things be? 
Mention the limitations and defects in youi-self. 

The third question is the best of the four, and is the sort of 
thing that must be further developed, while the fourth question 
represents the sort of thing that must be avoided. No doubt a 
skilful psychologist of long and specialized experience could 
learu a great deal from sets of replies even to such imperfect- 
questions. But he would have to work by a process of interpre- 
tation by contraries, and of making all manner of allowances. 
The ordinary vocational adviser could make nothing at all out 
of the answers unless he knew beforehand the character of the 
person who supplies the answer, which is precisely what the 
questions are intended to elicit. The objective standards of 
natural endowment that will become common in the schools of 
the future through the development of the quantitative methods 
of testing will get rid of the present uncertainty and enable the 
vocational adviser to know, with a fair degree of accuracy, the 
limits within which the candidate is free to make his choice. 

Educational psychologists will watch with very great interest 
the working of the system of Rhodes Scholarships at Oxford. 
At present the combination of physical, social, and intellectual 
qualities that are considered essential for the candidate to obtain 
full advantage from the scholarships is tested in a more or less 
unsystematic way. Even under those conditions the record, if 
carefully kept for half a century, cannot fail to be of practical 
value ; though before fifty years have passed it is more than 
likely that a much more accurate system of testing will be 
applied all over. As an indication of the possibilities of the 



128 



THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. 



[March 1, 1912. 



future it should be noted that there is at present a movement 
on foot to establish a Royal Commission to inquire into the 
l)est ways of testing the fitness of candidates to enter upon 
certain official and professional careers.* 

Prof. Hugo Miinsterberg, in his " Problems of To-Day, " gives 
some excellent illustrations of the advantage that would accrue 
from a definite knowledge of the elements of the mental equip- 
ment of candidates for different occupations : — 

There are mills in which everything depends on the ability of the 
working man to watch at the same time a large number of moving 
shuttles, and to react quickly on a disturbance to any one. The most 
industrious workman will be unsuccessful at such work if his attention is 
of the type that prevents him from such expansion of mental watchful- 
ness. The same man might be most excellent as a worker in the next 
mill, where the work demanded was dependent upon strong concentration 
of attention on one point. There he would surpass his competitors, just 
because he lacked expanded attention and had the focussing type-f 

When facts of this kind are placed before practical business 
men tliey have a way of assuring us that there is no need for such 
refinement. Men, they tell us, have a convenient way of settling 
down into those particular parts of the work of a large factory 
that happen to suit their peculiarities. Now, within limits, 
iliere is truth in this, though it is remarkable how long it was 
liefore the radical defect of colour blindness forced itself upon 
the attention of practical men. Speaking generally, men break 
down conspicuously in work for which they are totallj' unfitted. 
But how many can carry on for a lifetime a particular kind of 
work for which they are unsuited, without actually breaking 
down, and yet paying for their ignorance of this unsuitability by 
a strain that would have been absent in some other and appai'ently 
not much different work ? A particular degree of astigmatism 
may make certain kinds of work irksome and debilitating. The 
workman may suffer from headaches that he attributes to work 
in general, but that are the direct result of his particular kind of 
work and would disappear if he could change his occupation. 
The kind of memory in which a candidate is strongest, his 
preferred sense, his reaction time, all have an important bearing 
on the kind of work for which he is fitted. What is being done 
at present in the Vocational Bureau at Boston,^ and in cor- 
responding bui-eaux being established elsewhere, is resulting in 
a body of practical information regarding the various trades and 
occupations that cannot fail to be of the utmost service to the 
world. Its importance lies in the fact that it not only differen- 
tiates among various occupations in which high personal qualifica- 
tions are essential, but between occupations that at first sight 
would appear to be practically the same, since they demand little 
beyond manual laljour. One would think that no special in- 
formation would be required about a candidate for mere hodwork 
beyond a general knowledge of his power to lift certain weights 
and to do his lifting regularly and honestly. There could hardly 
be any simpler or less diii'erentiated work than the handling of 
pig-iron. It is 

perhaps the crudest and most elementary form of labour which is 
performed by man. The work is done by men with no other implements 
than their hands. The pig-iron handler stoops down, picks up a pig 
weighing about ninety-two pounds, walks a few feet or yards, and then 
drops it on the ground or upon a pile. The work is so crude and ele- 
mentai-y in its nature, that the writer iirmly believes that it would be 
possible to train an inteUigeut gorilla so as to be a more efficient pig-iron 
handler than any man could be.§ 

Yet when the writer quoted, an experienced and specially 
successful employer of labour, went into the matter in his own 
works, he found that only one man in eight of those actually 
engaged in pig-iron handling was really suited for this kind of 
work. Nor does this mean that the seven men were weak in 
body compared with the eighth or were intellectually his inferiors, 
but merely that they did not fit in to this kind of work. 

The selection of the man, then, does not involve the finding of some 
extraordinary individual, but merely the picking out from among very 
ordinary men the few who are especially suited to this type of work . . . 

* See ]Mr. P. J. Hartog's article on " Examinations " in the Jounialof 
the Riii/ttl Society of Arts (London), for February 3, 1911. 

t Op. cit., page 35. 

j For an account of the work at present being done at Boston and 
elsewhere, see the little Riverside Educational Monograph by Meyer 
Bloomfield on '• The Vocational Guidance of Youth." 

^ This and the following quotations are taken from an article by 
Frederick W. Taylor on ' ' The Principles of Scientific Management "in 
T/ie V'orld's Work iov Maj, 1911. 



we had not the slightest difficulty in getting all the men who were 
needed, some of them from inside of the works and others from the 
neighbouring country. 

There hardly seems to be an educational question involved. 
What has education to do with this gorilla work of pig-iron 
liandling P Yet the whole point of the article quoted is to 
show that at present pig-iron handling is badly done because 
the men who are engaged in the work do not know enough to 
make the best use of their strength. The work demands so 
much science that " it is impossible for the man who is best 
suited to this type of work to understand the principles of this 
science, or even to work in accordance with these principles, 
without the aid of a man better educated than he is." 

A man has to be selected who has sufficient strength to do 
the work and sufficient intelligence to understand an explana- 
tion, or, at an}' I'ate, to act upon one. He must not have too 
much intelligence, for in that case he would not consent to 
remain at this kind of work. Next, he must have a certain 
amount of ambition, but, again, not too much; just enough to 
make him want to increase his wages by the more efficient dis- 
charge of this low class of work. Having secured a man of this 
type, the employer sets an intelligent overseer to train him. 
This overseer has made all the necessary calculations and ex- 
periments as to the alternation of rest and work, times of taking 
refreshment, mode of lifting and depositing the iron. For 
several days this overseer supervises the pig-iron handler's 
every movement, and regulates in the greatest detail, b; the aid 
of a watch, every work period and rest period throughout the 
day. Soon the learner acquires the art of doing the thing in 
the minutest detail exactly as he has been instructed, and is 
able to carry on the work on his own account in such a way as 
to increase his effectiveness nearly fourfold. Under present 
normal conditions he handles twelve and a half tons per day as 
a non-trained handler ; when he has profited by the directions 
of the supervisor he can handle forty-seven tons a daj-. An 
important point to be noticed is that under pressure of the offer 
of a much enhanced income from piecework, non-trained 
handlers greatly increase their original output, but they cannot 
reach the forty-seven tons at all, and they usually injure them- 
selves by their unintelligent increase of effort and fall back 
upon their limited output. The trained handlers, on the 
contrary, are able to keep up the forty-seven tons rate without 
any overstrain. 

AH this clearly reduces the educand in this limited course of 
training to a mere instrument. He is called upon to place his 
powers at the disposal of another in order that these powers 
may produce tlie maximum effect. Left to himself, and free 
from all restraining economic influences, the workman doing 
things in his own way might reach a maximum of, say, twenty- 
five tons a day, or, with considerable danger of overstrain that 
would ultimately ruin his work capacity, he might attain to 
something over thirty. Self-realization in this case would seem 
to be purchasable only at the price of being content with half 
the production of which the man would be capable if he gave 
himself up to the domination of another and worked through 
that other's brain. But, after all, the workman who is thus pro- 
ducing under the direction of another his maximum amount of 
work consistent with pe