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AN 

ENGLISH-LATIN GRADUS 

OR 

YEESE DICTIONARY. 



COMPILED BY 

A. C. AINGEE, M.A. 

TRINITT COLLEGE, CAUBBIDOE 



H. G. WINTLE, M.A. 

CHRIST CHURCH, OXFORD 

ASSISTANT MASTERS IN ETON COLLEGE. 



"Est quadom prodire tenos, si non datur nltra." 



LONDON: 
JOHN MUEKAY, ALBEMAELE STEEET. 

1891. 



EEIINTED BT WILLIAM CL0WE3 AND SONS, LIHTTBD, 

8TAMFOKO SrSEET AXD CUABtNa CBOJS. 



PREFACE. 



It is now upwards of ten years since this book was first taken 
in hand. Continued, as was necessarily the case, only in the 
holidays, and frequently interrupted by other work, not to 
speak of more attractive occupations, it had progressed so far 
that a copy was being made by a type-writer with a view to 
printing, when in the autumn of 1889 a short illness was 
followed by the early death of the younger of its authors. 

This is no place to dwell at length on those qualities which 
earned for him the love of many friends — his simple, loyal, 
and manly nature — 

*' Multis ille bonis flebilis occidit." 
But one who was associated with him in very much of his 
work may be permitted to say how great a part of whatever 
usefulness it may possess this book owes to his unwearied zeal 
and patience, his accuracy in minute details, and his thorough 
knowledge of the words and thoughts of the Latin poets — 
while many of the smaller errors, which will no doubt be 
found, are due to the want of that final revision, which it 
would have been his pride to render as complete as possible. 

The practice of Latin verse composition has been an object 
of scorn to so many writers for so many years past, that one, 
who ventures to claim any merit for it, can easily forecast the 
kind of criticism to which he will be exposed. Still, whatever 
risks the statement may involve, Latin verse composition seems 
to possess two advantages, as an instrument of education, for 

b 



iv Preface. 

which it would be diflficult to find substitutes. First, it is the 
proof and the flower of that scholarship which loves the old 
writers with an unselfish love, and delights to clothe modern 
thoughts and modem expressions in the dress of ancient 
metre and rhythm. Secondly, it is an unrivalled form of 
drill for beginners, teaching them in all cases a good deal about 
the structure and powers of the Latin tongue, forcing them 
from the very first to think for themselves, and in some 
cases awakening a true poetic feeling, and a power of appre- 
ciating the best thoughts of the best men of all ages and 
countries. 

Nevertheless the time has unquestionably arrived when the 
urgent claims of other subjects must force verse composition 
to content itself with fewer of an ordinary student's hours. 
The chief aim of this book is to aid in effecting economy in 
this direction. It is strange that no book of the kind should 
have appeared in the palmy days of verses. All existing 
English-Latin dictionaries concern themselves mainly with 
words suitable for Latin prose. It could not be otherwise, 
but one result must clearly be a great increase in the diffi- 
culty of finding words suitable for Latin verse. No dictionary 
can remove this difficulty altogether. As soon as the stage 
of 'Full sense' is passed, questions of taste, though in a 
humble way, begin to arise, and need the assistance of a 
tutor, a Latin-English Dictionary or Gradus, and some acquain- 
tance with Latin poets. But it is hoped that the present book 
may help young scholars to get together a good store of 
poetical words and phrases, and to avoid the pitfalls of prosaic 
phraseology with which all teachers are familiar. 

Our object was to make our work useful to beginners, and, 
in consequence, brief and simple. We therefore selected arbi- 
trarily from Webster's Dictionary such words as were adapted 
to our purpose, and gave the best Latin equivalents we could 
hit upon. We consulted throughout Smith's English-Latin 



Preface. v 

Dictionary, Lewis and Short's Latin-English Dictionary, and 
Quicherat's Gradus, an excellent and laborious work, but almost 
useless to the young scholar, since the compiler attaches equal 
value to the authority of writers of the Augustan age and 
that of their successors many centuries later. We sometimes 
guarded our statements by the word ' perhaps,' but more often 
they appear in an unqualified form. We cannot expect that 
our judgment will in all cases approve itself to that of others, 
or deserve to do so, but our critics will, when competent to 
criticise, have gained from other sources or from this book all 
that it aspires to teach them. 

We give without comment or reference (as a rule) words 
which occur in Virgil, Ovid, or the lyrical poems of Horace. 
The names of the authors are appended to words used only by 
writers before or after the Augustan age, or by the less famous 
writers of that period. Words used by Horace in the Satires 
or Epistles are marked (H). In the case of rare words and 
unusual phrases we have given the full reference to the passage 
where they occur. Such references might have been very 
largely increased in number by a more thorough examination 
of the Latin poets. The task, however, would have delayed 
indefinitely the publication of this book, without materially 
increasing its usefulness, when published, for that class of 
scholars for whom it is designed. 

Our best thanks are due to the Eev. W. E. Inge, M.A., of 
Hertford College, Oxford, for help in the course of the work, to 
H. Brinton, M.A., of New College, Oxford, for undertaking the 
task of correcting the proofs, and to many other friends for 
useful suggestions. 

A. C. AINGEE. 

Eton, August, 1890. 



NOTICE TO BOYS USING THIS BOOK. 

1. This book does not contain nearly all tlie words in the 

English language. Therefore, if you wish to find the 
Latin for a rare English word which is not in this book, 
you must try to think of a common English word with 
the same meaning, and look that out instead. 

2. Most of the substantives in this book are followed by two 

or three epithets. You must not think that you are 
obliged to take one of them, or that others cannot be 
found — but you must learn to choose an epithet suitable 
to the verse you are doing, either one of those given, or 
one which you think of for yourself. 

3. The numerals following Latin words shew — 

for a substantive — its declension, 
for a verb — its conjugation. 

4. Words not followed by any author's name are found in 

Virgil, Ovid, or the lyrical poems of Horace, and these 
you may use without hesitation. 
As to other words you had better ask advice, until you 
become familiar with their use. 





NAMES OF THE CHIEF LATm POETS. 


Before 


AugvMan Age. 


ii. Augustan Age. 


ill. After Augustan Age 


Cat. 


Catullus. 


Hor. Horatius. 


AuBon. Ausonias. 


Eiin. 


Ennius. 


[(H.) Satires or Epistles.] 


Claud. Claudianus. 


Lucil. 


Lucilius. 


Ov. Ovidius. 


Juv. Juvenalis. 


Lucr. 


Lucretius. 


Prop. Propertius. 


Luc. Lucanus. 


Plaut. 


Plautus. 


Tib. Tibullus. 


Mart. Martialis. 


Ter. 


Terentius. 


Verg. VergiliuB. 


Pers. Persius. 

Sil. Silius. 
Stat. Statius. 



ENGLISH-LATIN GRADUS. 



ABAFT — adv., phr. a ptippl ; a wind 
abaft, ventus sScundus. 
ABANDON, to— V. act. 

(a) desSro 3 ; r^inquo 3 ; destUuo 3 ; 
linquo 3 ; dbdtco 1. 

(b) a city, desSro 3 ; rSllnquo 3. 

(c) a geaeral, desSro 3 ; rSlinquo 3 ; 
prodo 3. 

(t?) fear, care, hope, &c., dbjlclo 3 ; 

projlcio 8 ; Smitio 3 ; jpo/jo 3 ; dcpono 3. 
(e) a habit, Smitto 3; mi/Zd 1 ; pdno 3. 
(/) the struggle, Omitto 3; deslsto 3 

(with dat.). 

ABANDONED — adj., = desperate, 
perdltus, imprijbus. 

ABASE, to — V. act., dejtclo 3 ; at- 
tSnuo 1 ; — miniid 3 ; immlnuo 3 ; com- 
miniio 3. 

ABASHED— adj. 
(a) modest, pudicus, pudens, pudtbun- 

dus, vSrecundiis, mddestus. 
(fe) ashamed, phr. pudorS victus, con- 
quered by shame, so imtug, actus, 

confusus, obrutus, &c., pudorS; or 

translate by adverb pudentSr (H.) ; 

or by abl. abs., e.g. vlncentS pudorS, 

shame conquering (him, her, &c.). 

ABATE, to— V. act. 
(a) to make less, mlnuo 3 ; immlnuo 3 ; 

comminuo 3. 
'5) to make calm, sedo 1 ; sSreno 1 ; 

sterno 3 ; pond 3 ; mollio 4 ; lento 4 ; 

rSmitto 3 ; compesco 3. 

V. neut. 

(c) to grow less, cado 3 ; ce«8o 1 ; de- 

fervescd 3 ; pono 3 (intr.) of a wind, 

and passive voice of the verbs given 

above. 

ABBESS — subst., perhaps prxsSs 3 f. ; 
mdtSr 3 f., with epith., e.g. vSrenda, 
augusta. 

ABBEY — subst., phr. dOmUs (2 and 
4 f.) sacra ; s&crl rScessiis 4 pi. 



ABBOT — subst., perhaps prsesSs 3 m. ; 
patSr 3 m. ; sacerdos 3 m. 

ABDICATE, to — v. act., depono 3; 
rSslgno 1. (Lyrics.) 

ABED — adv., phr. lecto compSsttus, 
laid to rest in bed ; so tdiv, cubili, &c., 
compds'tus, stratus, jacens, &c. 

ABET, to — V. act., to support or 
incite, ^'wyd 1 ; ddjuvo 1 ; incitd 1 ; con- 
clto 1 ; stimulo 1 ; exstimulo 1 ; instlgo 
1 ; incendo 3 ; im,pelld 3 ; commOvSo 2 ; 
hortdr 1. 

ABHOB, to — V. act., odl, defect. ; 
dversdr 1 ; detestdr 1 ; dbomlnffr 1. 

ABHOERENCE— subst., ddlum 2; 
detestdtio 3 f. 

Ep. deep (gravis), lasting, dire, &e. 

ABHORBENT from— adj. = differing, 
allenus, contrdrlus. 

ABIDE, to — V. act. 
(a) to wait for, mdnSo 2 ; exspecto 1. 
(6) bear or endure, pattdr 3 ; perpSliiSr 

3 ; fSro, irr. ; perfSro, irr. ; t^Sro 1 ; 

p&ridlSro 1 ; sustlnSo 2. 

■ V. neut. 

(c) to dwell or remain, mSrSr 1 ; com- 

mdrdr 1 ; manSo 2 ; permanSo 2 ; ha- 

bitd 1. 

Phr., to abide by a bargain, pdcto 
sto 1 ; manSo 2. 

ABILITY — subst., fdcultds 3 f. ; 
copid 1 ; pStestds 3 f. ; pdtentla 1 : or 
translate by possS, e.g. ability to con- 
quer, vincSrS possS ; ability to bear, 
possS pati. 

ABJECT — adj. = worthless or base, 
vilis, contemptiis. 

ABJURE, to — V. act., dbjiiro 1 ; re- 
spuo 3 ; rScdnto 1. 

ABLE — adj., ingSniosus, sollers. 

ABLE, to he — (prolative verb) possum, 

irr. ; vdlgo 2 ; evdlesco 3 (in perfect) ; scib 

4 ; sometimes translate by gaudio 2 ; 

sdlSd 2 ; suffic'io 3. 

I Phr., fleetSrS Squum sctens, able to 

B 



ABLE 



( 2 ) 



ABSTAIN 



ride; cltharm sdejis, able to play the 
lyre; doctus sagittds tendSrS, able to 
Bhoot. 

ABLE, to be not — nSquSo irr. ; 
nesolb 4; and the verbs given above 
with non, e.g. mn possum. 

ABOABD — adv., phr. In ndvS, rdtS, &c. 

ABOABD, to go — V. act., navem con- 
icendo 3, or dscendo 3, or scdndo 3. 

ABODE — subst., sides 3 f. ; d^fmus, 
2 and 4 f. ; tectum 2 ; of wild beasts, 
lustra (2 pi.) fSrdrum. 

Ep. great, small, conspicuous, re- 
tired, ancestral, royal, beloved, familiar, 
&c. 

ABOLISH, to— V. act., ahdlSo 2; 
deled 2. 

ABOMINABLE — adj., sacSr, exsScrdn- 
dus, horrendus, nS/dndus, in/dndUs, 
detestdtus, invisus, abomlndtus. 

ABOMINATE, to— v. act. See Ab- 
hor, TO. 

ABORTIVE — adj. = fruitless, vdnus, 
irritus, infectus, IndnXs. 

Phr., to be abortive, /rwcfw carSo = 
to lack fruit; so successu or effectu 
carSo. 

ABOUND, to — ^v. neut., Sbundd 1; 
luxurXo 1 ; exubSro 1. 

Phr., scdtens belliiis pontus, the sea 
abounding in monsters ; divSs dpum, 
abounding in wealth; so lOcuples, 
dpulentus, plenus, &c. 

ABOUT— prep. 

(a) around, drcum, circa, circliSr. 

(b) near, prSpS, juxtd. 

(c) concerning, de, or sup^r with abl. 
ABOUT — adv., clrcum, circd, clrcltSr. 

Often included in the verb, e.g. put 
garlands about your head, cingS caput 
sertis ; think about this, Iwc rSpUtd. 

ABOVE — prep, or adv. 
(o) sup&r, supra ; adv., sGpeme, sublim^. 
(h) superior to, ante or prE. Often 

included in the verb, e.g. prEpdsltUs 

cunctis, put above all ; tumiild sUpSr- 

injlce frond^s, scatter leaves above 

the tomb. 

ABOVE — adj., superUs. 

ABRADE, to — V. act., rddo 3; 
Sbrddo 3. 

ABREAST — adv., parMr ; or by phr., 
mqiidtls frontlbils, junctls frontibus, with 
foreheads (fronts) equal; xquat pds- 



sibUs dUeem, he walks abreast of his 
guide. 

ABRIDGE, to — V. act., contraho 3; 
prmcido 3. 

ABROAD— adv. 
(a) out of the house, fdris, fdras. 
(6) out of the country. Phr., to live 

abroad, peregrlnum ducere ccelum; 

liospes esse or hospes ire, to be abroad ; 

exulo 1, to be an exile, 
(c) often included in the verb, exten- 

dere rdmos, to spread abroad its 

boughs; fdma v6lat or vulgdtur, the 

rumour is spread abroad. 

ABRUPT— adj. 

(a) steep, abruptus,prxruptu8, prieceps, 
drduus. 

(b) sudden, subltus, necdpinus, IndpinUs, 
repentinus, improvisus. 
ABRUPTLY— adv. = suddenly, re- 

pente, sublto. 
ABSCOND, to — v. neut., see Hide, 

TO. 

ABSENCE — subst., translate by 
phrases, e.g. te semper dbesse quirdr, I 
ever lament your absence ; ilium absens 
dbsentem auditque videtquS, she hears 
and sees him in his absence ; tUi desi- 
dertum (2), regret for your absence. 

ABSENT — adj., absens, non prsesens, 
remotus, semotQs, dmatus. — inattentive, 
translate by the same words, with 
mente, anlmo. 

ABSENT, to be — v. neut., absum. 

ABSENT, to — V. act., to absent one- 
self = to withdraw, abed, irr. ; discedo 3 ; 
rScedo 3, &c. See Depart, to. 

ABSINTH — subst., absinthium 2 ; 
usually in pi. 

Ep. bitter, unpleasant, &c. 

ABSOLUTE — adj. = unlimited, infi- 
nitus, immensus, immdderdtus. 

Phr., sine fine, without end; nullo 
fine, with no end. 

ABSOLUTELY — adv. = completely, 
fundltiis, penltus, omnino. 

ABSOLUTION — subst., translate by 
phrase, e.g. te crimine solvo, I give you 
absolution ; and see Pabdok. 

ABSOLVE, to — V. act., sdlvo 3 ; dbsolvo 
3 ; libero 1 ; excuso 1 ; purgo 1. 

ABSORB, _to — V. act., sorbgo 2; 
absorbed 2 ; haurto 4 ; exhaurio 4 ; vdro 
1 ; devSro 1 ; blbo 3 ; comhlbo 3. 

ABSTAIN, to— V. neut., abstlngo 2 ; 



ABSTEMIOUS 



( 3 ) 



ACCOMMODATE 



abslsto 3 ; tempSro 1 ; e.g. tempSrat a 
lacrtmis, he abstains from tears ; from 
doing a thing, pared 3, mittd 3, dmitto 
3, rSmltto 3; used prolatively, e.g. 
mitte queri, abstain from complaining. 

ABSTEMIOUS— adj., abstemlus, so- 
brius, pdrctis, Sbsttnens. 

ABSTINENCE— subst. 
(rt) forbearance, translate by phrases; 

see Abstain, to. 
(Jb) fasting, fames 3; jejunlum 2, in 

plural only. 

Ep. long, painful, unbearable. 

ABSTKACT— V. act., dbstraho 8; see 
Take away. 

ABSTKUSE-adj. 
(«) hidden, obscuriis, dbdltus, secretus, 

uccuUus. 
(1)) difficult, difftcllls, profundus. 

ABSTJBD — adj., Ineptus, stultus, in- 
suhus, fdtuiis. 

ABUNDANCE— subst. 
{«) quantity, copla 1 ; fis 3 f. 

Ep. A. kindly (prmsens), heaven- 
sent, desired, royal, &c. B. hurtful, 
pernicious, full of ill, &c. 
(b) fertility, fertilitds 3 f. ; ubSr 3 n. 

ABUNDANT — adj., largiis, abunddns, 
uber, benign us, dplmus, pleniis, lietus, 
dlrSs, Ktxurldus. See Abound, to. 

ABUNDANTLY — adv., dbunde 
(quantity of e doubtful), Idrge, bSmgne, 
ubSrius, ubertim; or by phrases, e.g. 
Idrgo fluU dmnS crudr, the blood flows 
abundantly (lit. in abundant stream). 

ABUSE,'to— V. act. 
(a) to use ill, mal^ utSr, abutdr (Mart., 

Lucan) ; or by phrases, in malos usus 

flecto 3, verto 3, adlilbSo 2, torquSo 2, 

detorquSo 2, &c. 
(jb) to revile, incrSpo 1, maUdico 3; or 

by phrases, diciis or probris or oppro- 

hrlis lacesso 3, cdrrijjXo 3, 6nSro 1, 

InsSquOr 3, mordSo 2, &c. ; or convicia 

faclo 3, jacXo 3, fundo 3, IngSro 3, 

&c. 

ABUSE— subst. 
((() conviclum 2; in pi. prdbrum 2; 

opprobrium, 2 ; malSdictum 2. 
(6) misuse, perhaps Jwcfwra 1. Eender 

by verb. See Waste, to. 

ABUSIVE— adj., prdbrosus (of things 
only). 

Phr., prShrls, opprobrlis, &c., plenUs, 
&c. 



ABYSS— subst., bdr&thrum, 2; (of the 
earth) hiatus 4 ; (of the sea) gurgSs 3 
m. ; vdrdgo 3 f . ; vortex 3 m.; or by 
phrase, e.g. dlta marls, imum marS^ 
terra d^dscens, the yawning earth. 

Ep. huge, profound, black, fearful, 
Tartarean, Stygian, &c. 

ACACIA — subst., acanthus 2 f. 

E]). pliant, leafy, &c. 

ACCELEEATE/to— V. act., cHgro 1 ; 
dccSlSro 1 ; propSro 1 ; mdturo I ; fes- 
tino 1. 

ACCENT — subst. = language or 
words, lingua 1 ; vox 3 ; sOnUs 2 ; sdnt- 
tus 4. 

Ep. A. gentle, low, loving, full of 
love, awe, &c. B. harsh, cruel, angry, 
full of rage, &c. 

ACCEPT, to— V. act., eaplo 3 ; dcctpio 
3 ; rSctplo 3 ; sumo 3. 

ACCEPTABLE — adj., grdtus, dcceptus, 
jucundus, placens, amicus, dulcis. 

ACCESS — subst. 
(a) approach, adltus 4 ; dccessus 4 ; 

del vent us 4 ; intrdiius 4. 

Ep. A. easy, smooth, broad, &c. B. 
difficult, rough, steep, narrow, dan- 
gerous, &c. 
(6) addition, translate by phrase, e.g. 

auctu pdtestds, access of power ; ddldr 

dddltus, an access of grief. 

ACCESSIBLE — adj., patens, penStrd- 
bilis. 

ACCESSION— subst. 
(a) addition. See Access (b). 
(6) of a king. Translate by verb, e.g. 

regnum or ImpSrlum, exctpto 3 ; tnSo, 

irr. ; IngrSdldr 3. 

ACCIDENT — subst., casus 4 ; infortu- 
nXum 2 (only in bad sense ; in which 
sense see Misfortune). 

Ep. A. lucky, heaven-sent, &c. B. 
unlucky, hateful, cruel, &c. 

ACCIDENT, by— adv., cdsu, forte. 

ACCIDENTAL— adj., fortultus. 

ACCLAIM, ACCLAMATION— subst., 
plausus 4 ; cldmdr 3 m. ; frSmlttis 4 ; 
murmur 3 n. : or by phrase, e.g. faven- 
tum vox 3, &c. ; mw orS, by acclamation. 

Ep. joyous, unanimous, loud, re- 
peated (gSmindtus), &c. 

ACCOMMODATE, to— v. act. 

(a) to accommodate with = to supply, 
q. V. 

(b) to adapt, dpto 1 ; dccommddo 1. 

B 2 



ACCOMPANY 



( 4 ) 



ACHIEVEMENT 



ACCOHPANT, to — ^v. act., cGmltdr 1 ; 
tilpo 1. 

Phr., cOm^g sum. So, &c. ; me cffmttem 
do (irr.), jungo 3, &c. 

ACCOMPLICE — subst., comcius. 

Phr., sciflSrU particeps, sOclus. 

ACCOMPLISH, to — V. act. = to com- 
plete, conflclo 3 ; perpcXo 3 ; efflclo 3 ; 
pirago 3 ; exsSqudr 3. 

Phx., &d exttus duco 3 (Hor. Od. iv. 
8, 34) ; finem adSo (irr.), metam tango 3, 
I reach the goal, &c. ; rata iota, wishes 
accomplished. 

ACCOMPLISHED— adj. 
(a) completed, confectus, perfectus, 

pSractus, exhaustHs. 
(hi) skilled, pSritiis, doctus, perfectus. 

Use past participles of verbs above, 

also sometimes rStiis. 

ACCOMPLISHMENT— subst. 

(a) completion, end, effectUs 4. See 
also phrases alx)ve. 

(b) culture, cultus. 

ACCOED, to — V. neut. = to agree, 
consentio 4 ; comedo 1 ; convSnlo 4. 

Phr., coiisSnus sum, non discrSpo, &c. 

ACCORD — subst. = harmony, con- 
centUs 4. 

Phr., with one accord, uno consensu, 
una vocS, uno orS, or adj. unanimus ; of 
his own accord, sua spontS, or spontS, 
vitro. 

Ep. melodious, full, heavenly, &c. 

ACCOED ING to — prep., ad, secun- 
dum. 

Phr., de morS, according to custom ; 
80 ex morS. 

ACCOST, to — V. act. = to address, 
q. V. 

ACCOUNT — subst. 

(a) reckoning, ratio 3 f. Ep. full, late, 
final, long sought, &c. 

(b) story, translate by verb, e.g. rem 
ndrro 1, I give an account of the 
matter. 

(c) value, prStXum 2. Phr., essS In 
prStlo, to be of account. Ep. A. 
great, very great (summits), &c. ; B. 
cheap, small, worthless (nfdlus), &c. 
ACCOUNT, to — V. act. and neut. 

See Count, to. 

ACCOUNT — subst., to lay to one's 
account, imputo 1. 

ACCOUNT— prep., on account of, iSh, 
propter, sometimes pro. 



ACCOUNTABLE — adj., obnoxlus, 
rSUs. 

ACCOUTEE, to — V. act. = to dress, 
to equip, q. v. 

ACCOUTEEMENT— subst. = dress, 
equijimcnt, q. v., perhaps gestaminu 3 
pi. 

ACCRUE, to — V. neut. = to be added 
to, dccedo 3 ; accresco 3 ; ddddr 3 ; ad- 
jungdr 3 ; ddjtclvr 3. 

ACCUMULATE, to — v. act.-, cumulo 
1 ; dccumulo 1 ; dggSro 1 and 3 ; acervo 
1 ; cdacervo 1 ; struo 3 ; exstruo 3 ; 
glSmiro 1 ; cogo 3. 

V. neut., cresco 3 ; Incresco 3 ; 

and passive of verbs above. 

ACCUEATE — adj. = correct, q. v. 

ACCUESED — adj., sacSr, exsecrdndus, 
liorrendus, nlfdndm, infdndus, detestd- 
tus, invlsus, devotus, dbomlndtus, exse- 
crdtus. 

ACCUSATION— subst., crimSn 3 n. 

Ep. weighty, dishonourable, false, 
true, &c. 

ACCUSE, to — V. act., dccuso 1 : tTisr- 
miild 1 ; drguo 3 ; culpo 1. 

Phr., prSmo (3) crimtne = I accuse ; 
fdlsi criminls dcta rSa est, she was 
accused on a false charge. 

ACCUSEE — subst., translate by the 
verb or by phrases, e.g. criminls. or 
sceiSrU index 3 m. & f. 

ACCUSTOM, to — V. act., dssuesco 3 ; 
or by phrases with ddcSd 2 ; erudlo 4 ; 
institiio 3 ; imhuo 3. 

ACCUSTOMED, to be— v. prol., sdled 
2; gaudSo 2 ; amo 1. 

ACCUSTOMED— adj., sSlitus, suetus, 
dssuetiig, consiietus, usltdtus. 

ACHE— subst., dijldr 3 m.; dng&r 3 
m. ; crucldtus 4. 

Phr., morbi vis (3) or vlSlentta (1). 

Ep. painful, unceasing, slow (lentus), 
acute, &c. 

ACHE, to— V. neut., dUtSd 2; dngiSr 
3 ; cruc'i&r 1 : or by phrases, didore 
urdr 3, vexdr I, agltSr 1, premSr 3, tdr- 
guiOr 2, exercidr 2, tentdr 1, cOnficl&r 3. 

ACHIEVE, to— V. act. = to accom- 
plish, q. V. 

ACHIEVEMENT— subst. = a great 
deed, /acfHMS 3 n. ; res 5; gesta 2 p. 

Phr., Hercules facta referrS maniiSy 
to relate the achievements of Hercules. 

Ep. glorious, hard, dangerous,. 



ACID 



( 5 ) 



ADAPTED 



■worthy of praise, song, &c. ; valorous, 
full of toil, &c. 

ACID — adj., acidiis, acSr, acerhUs, 
mordax, aspSr, amarus. 

ACID — subst., acetum 2. 

ACKNOWLEDGE, to— v. act. 

(a) to recognize, agnosco 3 ; cognosco 3 ; 
rScognogco 3. 

(b) to confess, futSdr 2 ; confilSdr 2 ; 
prdfMur 2. 

ACOLYTE — subst., sateim 3 m. ; 
minister 2 ; famulus 2. 

Ep. faithful, bold, ready, &c. 

ACONITE — subst., dcdnitum 2 ; 
usually in lA. : accus. sing, acdnitdn, in 
Ovid. 

Ep. deadlv, dire, &c. 

ACOEN— subst., glans 3 f. 

Phr., bacca (1) quema or robdrSa or 
iltgna. 

Ep. hard, abundant, dear to swine, 
&c. ; autumnal, drv, &c. 

ACQUAINT, to— v. act. 
(a) to make familiar with. See 

AccusTOjr, TO. 

(5) to inform, q. v. 
ACQUAINTANCE— subst. 

(a) knowledge of, q. v. 

(6) a person known, amicus 2 ; liospSs 
3 m. ; notiis 2 (H.). 

Phr., umlcltXu notiis, j unctus, &c. 

ACQUAINTED — adj. = familiar, 
q. V. 

ACQUIESCE, to — V. neut., assentlo 
4 ; consentlo 4 ; annuo 3 ; prObo 1 ; 
dpprdbo 1 ; comprdbo 1. 

Phr.. bum consulo 3. 

ACQUIRE, to — V. act. = to gain, q. v. 

ACQUIT, to — V. act., solvo 3 ; absolvo 
3; llUro 1. 

ACQUITTAL— subst. Translate by 
phrases with verb : e.g. solvS rSum, give 
the culprit acquittal. 

ACBE — subst., ^Mgr^ra 3 n. ; in plural 
only. See Field, Land. 

Ep. A. broad, fertile, rich in corn, 
&c. ; ancestral, &c. B. barren, scanty, 
exposed to N. wind, blight, &c. 

ACEID— adv. = bitter, q. v. 

ACRIMONY — subst. = bitterness, 
q. V. 

ACROSS — prep., trans, pSr, supSr ; 
often forms part of the verb, e.g. 
trdjlcimUr fluvium, we go across the 
river. 



ACT, to — V. act., ago 8 ; facio 3. 
(a) to act as on the stage, partem or 

partes ago 3 ; prEsto, irr. ; tracto 1, 

sometimes simi^ly ago (v. Ov. Ser. 

ii. 78). 
(6) to counterfeit, q. v. 

ACT — subst. 
(a) an action, factum 2 ; actum 2 ; 

faclnus 3 n. 

Phr., in the act of dying, mdrlbundQs, 
mdriturus; in the act of falling, 
caducus, casurus, &c. 

Ep. A. noble, courageous, loyal, 
memorable, worthy of praise, &c. B. 
base, cowardly, shameful, worthy of 
blame, &c. 
(6) of a play, actus 4. 
(c) of parliament = law, lex 3 f . ; 

edlctum 2. 

ACTION— subst. 
(o) gesticulation, gestiis 4 ; motUs 4. 

Ep. A. graceful, easy, &c. B. 
awkward, absurd, &c. 
(6) at law, lis 3 f. 

ACTIVE — adj., uglUs, Uvts, gndvus, 
acSr, cSlSr, strenuus, impigSr, pemix. 

ACTIVITY— subst., strenuttas 3 f. ; 
sedulttds 3 f. ; Industrld 1. 

Ep. youthful, manly, unceasing, &c. 

ACTOR — subst., mlmus. Often 
translate by i)hrases with cdthurnus 2, 
the tragic boot ; or sdccus 2, the comic 
slipper. 

Ep. elegant, learned, handsome, 
skilful, &c. ; awkward, foolish, &c. 

ACTUAL — adj. = real, q. v. 

ACTUALLY— adv. = really, q. v. 

ACUTE— adj. 
(a) sharp-pointed, acutUs. 
(&) intelligent, subtilis, acutus, in- 

gSnlosus, cdlltdus, sagdx, dcSr, vafSr. 
(fi) violent (of pain, disease, &c.), 

acutus, dcSr, gravis, vidlentus. 

ADAGE — subst., proverbtum 2 ; prx- 
ceptum 2 ; nenla 1. 

Ep. old, well-known, familiar, &c. 

ADAMANT — subst., adamds 3 m : 
may also be rendered by ferrum 2 ; 
ses 3 n.; robur 3 n. ; silex 3 f. 

Ep. hard, solid, unbroken, eternal, &c. 

ADAMANTINE — adj., adamdnteus, 
adamdntinus, denSus. See Hard. 
1 ADAPT, to — V. act., dpto 1 ; dccom- 
mSdo 1. 
I ADAPTED— adj. = fit, q. v. 



ADD 



( 6 ) 



ADMISSION 



ABD, to — V. act., addo 3 ; supSr- 
addo 3 ; ddjlclo 3 ; adjungo 3 ; jungo 3 ; 
adnumSro 1 ; applied 1 ; adstruo 3 ; 
adscribo 3; dllaboro 1 (Hor. Od. i. 
38, 5). 

Phr., in nUmSrum rSf^o, irr. The 
passive is often translated by accedo 3. 

ADDEE— subst., vipera 1 ; cSluher 2 ; 
serpens 3 m. ; dnguis 3 m. ; eSrdstes 
3, Prop. 

Ep. noxious, deadly, lurking, chilly, 
full of poison, &c. 

ADDICTED to — adj., dedttus, de- 
votiis, ddtUs, trddltus, dssuetus, 
obnoxXus. 

ADDITION— subst. Translate by 
phrases, e.g. Addition of wealth, 
auctx divXttse ; addition of hope, spes 
dddlta. 

ADDITIONAL— adj., auctus, dddltus. 

ADDLE — adj. = unfruitful, Indnis, 
irrltus, vdnus. 

ADDLED — adj. = silly, stultus, in- 
consuUus, Ineptus. 

ADDBESS, to — V. act. 
(o) to accost, compello 1 ; dllSquSr 3 

dffiSr 1. 

Phr., dictis prosSqudr 3; dggrSdlSr 
3, &c. 
(6) to prepare : e.g. he addressed him 

self to the work. See Peepake, to. 

ADDBESS— subst. 
(a) appeal, dlldqulum 2; sermo 3 m. 
dffdtus 4 ; vox 3 f . ; verba 2 n. pi. 

Ep. courteous, persuasive, &c. 
(6) skill, ingSnium 2 ; sollertla 1 ; cdllt- 
dUds 3 f . 

ADEPT — adj. = skilful, siibtllls, 
dcutus, ingSnlosus, cdllidus, sagdx, dcSr, 
pSritus ; (subst.) consultus. 

ADEQUATE— adj. = sufficient, q. v. 

ADEEBE, to — V. neut., hmrS^o 2 ; 
adhmrSo 2 ; juiigdr 3 ; ddjmigffr 3 ; 
conjuvgdr 3. 

ADHEBENT — subst. = follower, 
partisan, amicus 2 ; sOcius 2 ; satellSs 
Zm. 

Phr., dllSqultur sic vocS suds, he thus 
addresses his adherents. 

Ep. loyal, bold, ready to follow, die, 
&c. ; full of faith, courage, &c. 

ADHESIVE— adj. = tenacious, q. v. 

ADJACENT — adj., ddjacens, fini- 
tlmQs, contXguus, prdpinqiius, proximiis, 
vicinus, contermtnus, cdntiniidtus. 



ADIEU — adv., vale or vSlSds; pi. 
valets. 

Phr., adieu for ever, Eternum or lu 
xtermtm vale. So also in pi. : estS 
salutdti tempus in omni mtld. Vale is 
used as an indeclinable substantive, 
supremum vale dixit, he uttered the 
last adieu. Vale dicto, having bid 
adieu. 

ADJOINING— adj. = adjacent, q. v. 

ADJOUBN, to — V. act. = to defer, 
put otf, diffSro, irr. ; profgro, irr. ; 2}^o- 
duco 3. 

ADJOUENMENT— subst. = delay, 
mSra 1. 

ADJUDGE, to — V. act., ddjudtco 1 ; 
dddico 3 ; trtbuo 3 ; dttrlbuo 3 ; drrdgo 1 . 

ADJUBE, to — V. act., obsecro 1 ; ob- 
testdr 1. 

ADJUST, to — V. act. = to regulate 
or adapt, djjto 1 ; dccomviddo 1. 

ADMINISTEB, to — v. act. = to 
afiford, q. v. 

Phr., to administer government, tm- 
pSrXum gSro 3 ; to administer justice, 
jus do 1, died 3, reddo 3. 

ADHIBABLE — adj., miriis, mirdndus, 
mirabllls, ddmirdndus, ddmirdbXlXs, egrS- 
gXUs, mSmSrdbilXs, spectSbllls, laiidd- 
bilts. 

ADMIBABLY— adv., egrggXe. See 
Admirable. 

ADMIBAL — subst., cldssTs prsefectus 
2 ; or dux 3 m., commander of the 
fleet. 

Ep. gallant, bold, fearless, skilh'd 
in the sea, &c. 

ADMIBATION — subst. Translate 
by phrases : e.g. He saw her with 
admiration, visam mirdtUs est; in ad- 
miration of the songs, cdrmXnibus 
stupens. 

ADMIBE, to — V. act. = to wonder 
at, mirdr 1 ; ddmirOr 1 ; stupSo 2 ; ob- 
stupesco 3. Also in good sense only, 
laudo 1 ; prSbo 1 ; comjyrObo 1 ; ap- 
prdbo 1. 

ADMIBEB— subst. 
(a) mirdtdr 3 m. ; mirdirix 3 f. 
(6) lover, q. v. 

ADMIBINGLY— adv. = with admi- 
ration, q. V. 

ADMISSION— subst. 
(o) admittance, q. v. 
(6) confession, q. v. 



ADMIT 



( 7 ) 



ADVENTURE 



ADMIT, to — V. act. 

(a) to grant entrance to, admitto 3; 
acclpio 3 ; rScXpio 3. 

(b) to allow or grant, concedo 3 ; per- 
mitto 3; do 1. 

(c) to confess, fatSSr, confiUSr, some- 
times nil mdrdr. 
ADMITTANCE— subst. = permission 

to enter, aditus 4 ; dccessUs 4 ; intrffitiis 
4. Often translated by verb : e.g. Ms- 
tes ddmtslt in urbem, he gave the enemy 
admittance into the city. 

ADMIX, to — V. act. = to mix, q. v. 

ADMIXTUEE — subst. = mixture, 
q. V. 

ADMONISH, to— V. act., miMo 2; 
ddmdn^o 2; hortdr 1 ; exhortdr 1. 

ADMONITION — subst., mdnttus 4; 
admSnttus 4 ; mdnitum 2, in pi. only ; 
hortatuB 4 ; consilium 2 ; prieceptum 2. 

Ep. friendly, kind, wise, &c. 

ADO — subst. 
(a) trouble, difficulty. Translate by 

phrases : e.g. xgre vlclt, he won with 

much ado. 
(6) bustle, tumultus 4; turha 1. 

ADOPT, to— V. act. 
(a) adopto 1. 

Phr., sdclum ddsdsco 3, 1 adopt as an 
ally. 
(6) to espouse a cause. See Espouse, 

TO (c). 

ADOPTIVE— adj., adoptlvus. 

ADOBABLE — adj., adordtus, ador- 
dndus, laudundus. 

ADOBATION — subst., cdlius 4 ; 
hSndr or Mnos 3 m. 

Ep. A. faithful, humble, true, 
simple, &c. B. vain, foolish, empty, 
idle, &c. 

ADOBE, to— V. act., cSlo 3 ; adoro 1 ; 
vSnSrdr 1 ; observo (Verg. Georg. 
iv. 212). 

Phr., prSb'hus dScdro 1 or orno 1 ; 
supplex adeo, irr. 

ADOBEB— subst. = lover, q. v. 

ADOBN, to — v. act., orno 1 ; exorno 
1 ; dgcdro 1 ; cdlo 3. 

Phr., donis in»truo 3 or inslgnlo 4. 

ADOBNMENT— subst., orndtus 4. 

Ep. A. royal, honourable, abundant ; 
of silver, gold, &c. B. scanty, cheap, 
unworthy, &c. 

ADOWN — prep, and adv., see Down. 

ADBIFT — adv. Translate by phrases ; 



e.g. pffr undds or in pSlago vagdrl, fern, 
flultnrS, &c. ; or dtibie, tSmSrS, incerto 
cursu, nulla legS, sinS legS errdrS, jdctdrl, 
&c. 

ADBOIT — adj., dextSr, non Ixvug, 
cdllidus, sollers, subtilis, sagdx, ■vafSr. 

ADBOITNESS— subst., cdllldltds 3 f. 
drg 3 f. ; ingSnium 2. In bad sense, 
dolus 2 ; fraus 3 f ; dstiis 4 : only 
found in abl. 

ADVANCE, to— v. act. 
(a) to forward, promSvSo 2 ; proved 3 ; 

extendo 3 ; sScundo 1 ;juvd 1 ; ddjuvo 

1 ; fai'go 2. _ 

(&) to raise to honour, augSo 2; tollo, 

irr. 

V. neut. 

(a) to come forward, progridldr 3 ; pro- 

dSo, irr. ; procedd 3. 
(6) to make improvement, cres<^ 3; 

adOlesco 3 

Phr., mSJidr fid, irr. ; or evddd 3. 

ADVANCE— subst. 
(a) coming forward, ddventus 4 ; dcces- 

siis 4 ; — of an army, USr 3 n. ; incur- 

sus 4. 
(6) invitation, UlScShrse 1, pi. ; hldn- 

dltlse 1, pi. 

ADVANTAGE— subst. 
(a) superiority. Translate by verb : 

e.g. prmsto 1 ; prsecello 3 ,* supSro 1 ; 

vinco 3. 
Qa) opportunity, commddttds 3 f. 

Phr., tempus 3, cdmmddum, dptum, 
dextrum, &c. 
(c) gain, lucrum 2 ; cdmmddum 2 ; quses- 

tus 4 ; sometimes utllitds 3. {See 

Ovid, A. A. ii. 293 ; Fast. i. 273.) 

Phr. d8centSr, to advantage. 

ADVANTAGE, to— v. act. = to bene- 
fit, q. V. 

ADVANTAGEOUS— adj. = profitable, 
useful, utllls, prdficlens, profecturuSy 
commddus, dptUs, UlonSus, hSnus, dccom- 
mddus : or translate by verb, e.g. pro- 
sum, irr. ; proflclo S,jiivo 1. 

ADVENT — subst., ddventUs 4; adi- 
tUs 4. 

ADVENTTIEE — subst. = hazard, pS- 
riculum 2, or pMclum ; or by phrase, 
e.g. dlscrimSn (3 n.) adirS or SlnrS, to 
run a risk. 

Ep. bold, rash, &c. 

ADVENTUEE, to — v. neut. = to 
dare, q. v. 



ADVENTURE 



( 8 ) 



AFFECTIONATE 



ADVENTUEE — V. act. = to risk, 
q.v. 

ADVENTTIEEE — subst., in _good 
sense, phr., vir 2, or herds 3 m. ; auddz, 
jSrox ; laudis amdtdr 3 m. ; fdm^ stu- 
dtosus. In bad sense, prmdo 3 ia.,prE- 
ddtdr 3 m ; l&tro 3 m. ; rdptOr 3 m. 

Ep. A. honourable, courageous, eager, 
fiery, &c. B. cruel, reckless, blood- 
stained, &c. 

ALVENTTIEOXrS — adj., of persons, 
auddx, fSrox, see Adventurer; of 
things, pSnculosus, dneeps, dubius, dr- 
duiis, trSpidus. 

ADVEESAEY— subst., Iwstls 3 m. ; 
Inimlcus 2 ; xmulus 2 ; rivdlis 3 m. 

ADVEESE— adj. 
(a) opposite, ddversus, oppdsUus, ob- 

jectus, obstdns, dbvlUs, contrdrlus, in- 

festus. 
(6) not prosperous, ddversus, drduus; 

sometimes versus, mutdtus. 

ADVEESITY— subst., ddversa n. pi. ; 
mala n. pi. ; casus 4 ; Idbores 3 m. pi. ; 
dOlores 3 m. ; aerumna 1. 

Phr., res ddversse or duras, res fessx, 
res Idssse, fortuna 1, sors 3 f., or vita 1, 
"with epithet, as sors dura, iniqua, in- 
digtia, &c. 

ADVEETISE, to — v. act. = to inform, 
give notice, mdnSo 2 ; ddmdnSo 2. 

ADVICE — subst., mSnltus 4 ; ddmdnt- 
tus 4 ; mdnttum 2, in pi. only ; hortdtus 
4 ; consilium 2 ; prmceptum 2 ; hortdmSn 
3 n. ; maglstSrium 2 (Tib.). 

Ep. friendly, kind, wise, &c. 

ADVISE, to— V. act., mUneo 2 ; dd- 
mdnSo 2 ; IwrtOr 1 ; adhortor 1 ; suddSo 
2 ; persuddSo 2 ; impello 3 ; jubio 2. 

ADVISEE — subst., atictdr 3 m. ; 
sudsdr 3 m. ; mffnitdr 3 m. ; horidtdr 
3 m.; ddmdnltdr 3 m. 

ADULATION— subst. = flattery, lldn- 
dXtise 1 pi. 

Phr., bldndm voces 3 ; bldnda lingua 1. 

Ep. faithful, perjured, cowardly, de- 
ceitful, &c. 

ADTTLT — adj., adultus, excretus(YeTg. 
Georg. iii. 398). 

ADULTEEATE— adj. = corrupt, ad- 
ulter, fdlsus, corruptus, vitidtus. 

ADULTEEEE — subst., adulter 2 ; 
7noechus 2. 

^ULTEEESS— subst., aduliSrd 1 ; 
mcecha 1. 



ADITLTEEY— subst., Sdidtirium 2; 
stuprum 2. 

ADVOCACY — subst., perhaps pdtro- 
cinium 2 (Ov. Trist. i. 1, 26). 

ADVOCATE— subst., in legal sense, 
patronus 2; causidlcus 2. =one who 
pleads for, suasdr 3 m. ; or by phrase 
with verb, e.g. helium sumsU, he was 
the advocate of war. 

Ep. eloquent, persuasive, bold, &c. 

ADVOCATE, to-v. act., sudded 2; 
persuddSo 2. 

ADUST — adj. = burnt up or scorched, 
adustus, ustus, pSrustus, cdinbustUs, dm- 
bustiis. 

AEEIAL — adj., dSrlus, xtMrXus, coeles- 
tls, sidSrSus, supSrus. Of trees or build- 
ings, dSrlus, dltus, subltmts, celsiis. 

AFAE — adj., prOcul, longe, IdnglUs, 
emlnus (from afar); or by adjectives, 
rSmotus, semotus, longinquus, distdns, 
separdtus, rSpostus. 

Phr., longo intervdUo, spatlo inter- 
pdslto, &c. 

AFEAED— adj. = afraid, q. v. 

AFFABILITY— subst., clementfci 1. 
See Affable. 

AFFABLE — adj. = courteous, comls, 
facilis, mills, bSmgnUs, humdnus, bdnus, 
dffdbllls. 

AFFABLY — adv., comlter, bSnigne, 
humdne. 

AFFAIS — subst., res 5 ; nigottum 2 ; 
dpus 3 n. 

Ep. great, dangerous, tedious, &c. 

AFFECT, to— v. act. 

(a) to aim at, dffecto 1 ; molldr 4 ; dg- 
grSdldr 3 ; tentd 1. 

(b) to pretend, slmulo 1 ; fingo 3 ; Imt- 
tSr 1. 

(c) to move or touch, tango 3 ; mSvSo 2 ; 
dfftcio 3 ; impello 3 ; tentd 1 ; per- 
tento 1. 

AFFECTED— adj., perhaps meptus, 
mdlesfus. 

AFFECTION— subst. 

(a) passion, dffectus 4 ; sensus 4. 
Phr., unimi motiis 4, or impetus 4. 

(b) love, amdr 3 m. ; pietds 3 f. (of 
natural affection). 

(c) zeal, stadium 2 ; cura 1 ; cupido 3 f. 
Ep. eager, burning, lasting, lifelong, 

&c. 

AFFECTIONATE — adj., of persons, 
plus,amdns; of X\i.mgs,pluSytenSr,mottl8. 



AFFIANCE 



( 9 ) 



AFTERWARDS 



AFFIANCE— subst. 

(a) marriage, conjuglum 2 ; connublmn 
2 ; sponsalia n. pi. 

(b) trust, flducia 1 ; ftdes 5. 
AFFIANCE, to— V. act. = to betroth, 

gpondSo 2 ; despondSo 2. 

AFFINITY— subst. 
(a) kinsmanship, consanguinUds 3 f. ; 

proxiviitds 3 f. 
(6) connection with, translate by adjec- 
tive dffiiils, finitimus, &c. 

AFFIRM, to — V. act., dffirmo 1; 
died 3. 

AFFIX, to— V. act., dfigo 3 ; jungo 
3 ; ddjungo 3 ; conjungo 3. 

AFFLICT, to— V. act., solltcUo 1; 
t?ea;o 1; torquSo 2; <Mr6J 1; cruclo 1; 
urgSo 2 ; fatlgo 1 ; prSmo 3 ; opprimo 
3 ; Idcesso 3 ; an^o 3. 

AFFLICTED, to be— v. neut., cZJZ^o 
2 ; yac^o 2. 

Phr., morho laborat, he is afflicted 
with disease. 

AFFLICTION— subst. See Adver- 
sity. 

AFFLUENCE— subst. 
(ci) plenty, copla 1 ; ubertds 3 f. ; vis 

3f. 

Ep. bounteous, rich, full, &c. 
(h) wealth, dlvitix 1 ; Spes 3 f. 

AFFORD, to— V. act. 
(a) to be able, q. v. 
(6) to supply, administro 1 ; prsehSd 2 ; 

sufficTo 3 ; mtnistro 1 ; paro 1 ; do 1; 

suppSdito 1 ; parto 3 ; prsesto 1 ; por- 

rigo 3. See Give, to. 

AFFRAY, to— V. act. = to terrify, 
q. V. 

AFFRAY — subst. = fight, rixa 1; 
pugna 1 ; prodium 2. 

Ep. bold, bloody, brief, deadly, bar- 
barous, &c. 

AFFRIGHT, to— v. act. = to terrify, 
q. V. 

AFFRIGHT— subst. = terror, q. v. 

AFFRONT, to— v. act. 
(a) to meet, q. v. 
(6) to insult. Translate by phrases, 

prohra 2 ; conncta 2 ; dpprd)rid 2 ; 

mdlSdicta 2, &c. ; injicTo 3 ; cano 3 ; 

jucto 1 ; itigero 3, &c. = to inflict or 

utter insults, probrig, opprobriis, 

malSdicUs, &c. ; Idcesso 3 ; pSto 3 ; 

diggrSdiOr 3, &c. = to assail with 

insults. 



AFFRONT— subst. = insult, q. v. 

AFIELD — adv. = in the fields, or to 
the fields. See Field. 

AFIRE — adv. = on fire. Translate by 
ardeiis,flagrdns. See Bukn, to, v. neut. 

AFLOAT— adv. = floating. Trans- 
late by ndtdns, nans. 

Phr., to set a ship afloat, ndvem lit- 
tdrS deducSrS. 

AFOOT — adv. = on foot. Translate 
by pSdSs 3 m. 

Phr., the design is afoot, res (5) ilgl- 
tur. 

AFORE— adv. = before, q. v. 

AFORE— prep. = before, q. v. 

AFORESAID— adj., phr. dntS, priUs, 
supra, dictus, mSmdrdtus, &c. 

AFORETIME— adv., in time imst, 
olim, quondam, dntS, prttis. 

AFRAID — adj., timidus, pavtdus, ter- 
ritus, mStuenttdr (comp.), with gen. : 
mStuens with gen. is found (H.). 

AFRAID OF, to be — v. act. = to 
fear, q. v. 

AFRESH — adv. = again, q. v. 

Phr., the war breaks out afresh, hel- 
ium (2) rSnOvdtur, rSdintegrdtiir, in- 
staurdtur ; the order of the ages begins 
afresh, db Integro sxclorum ndscltur ordo. 

AFT — adv. = astern, in puppl; or 
towards the stern, in puppini. 

Phr., a wind aft, a puppi ventUs (2), 
ventus sScundus. 

AFTER — adv., post, indS, of time or 
place ; ponS, d tergo, of jjlace ; deind^, 
dShinc (sometimes scanned as a mono- 
syllable). 

AFTER — prep., post. 

Phr., dltSr db illo, next after him. 

AFTER — conj., postquam, quum, or 
use abl. abs. : e.g. after seeing the king 
they retreat, vlso regS rScedHnt. 

AFTERMATH— subst. Translate by 
phrases, dltSra or sScundd messis 3 f . ; 
herba rSndscens. 

AFTERNOON— subst. Translate by 
phrases, sol (3) dies (5) vergtt, inclinat 
mSridles (5) ; longXdr umbra est, sol (3) 
mSdlum trdjeclt orbem, &c. ; sometimes 
vespSr 2. 

AFTERTHOUGHT — subst. Trans- 
late by phrases : e.g. serius in mentem 
subllt, later it occurred to my mind, 
&c. 

AFTERWARDS— adv., see After. 



AGAIN 



( 10 ) 



AH 



AGAIN — adv., Xtirum, rursQs: often 

rendered by compound verbs, e.g. rS- 
pSto 3, I seek again ; rSnascSr 3, I am 
Dom again ; rSsurgo 3, I rise again, 
&c. 

Phr., again and again = often, as- 
sidue, usquS, terquS quaterqug. 

AGAINST — prep., contra, adversus, 
In : often rendered by compound verbs, 
e.g. occur ro 3, incurro 3, I run against 
or counter to ; injtcto 3, 1 hurl against, 
&c. 

AOAFE — adv. = gaping, liidns, in- 
TiXans. 

AGATE — subst., achates 3 m. ; lapts 
3 m. ; lapiUus 2 ; gemma 1. 

Ep. dear, dark, purple, &c. 

AGE — subst. 
(a) period of time, smculum 2 ; smclum 

2 ; sevum 2 (no plural) ; ^tas 3 f . ; 

thnpiis 3 n. ; annl pi. 2. 

Ep. long, rolling, swift, recurring, 
&c. 
(fc) old age, sSnlum 2; sSnectus 3 f. 

sSneda 1 ; cdntties 5 (lit. hoariness). 

Phr., xtds (3 f.) sera, geridr, sSnilts. 

Ep. A. honourable, praised, happy 
peaceful, &c. B. morose, peevish 
feeble, tedious, &c. 

AGE, to — V. neut. = to grow old, sgn- 
esco 3 ; to age together, consSnesco 3. 

AGED — adj., annosus, senilis (old 
man's), dnihs (old woman's). 

AGENT— sul)st., minister 2. 

AGGBANDIZE, to — v. act., see Ad- 
vance, TO (Jb). 

AGGBAVATE, to — v. act. = to in- 
crease, aiigSd 2; acuo 3; dccendo 3; 
acerbo 1 ; tT^grdvo 1. 

Phr., fortunam pdrcS gravarS miatn, 
do not aggravate mv misfortune. 

AGGEESSION— siibst., impetus 4. 

AGGEESSOR— subst., Jwstfs 3 m. 

Phr., ho is the aggressor, ultro pro- 
vScat, lacessU. 

Ep. unscrupulous, impious, fierce, 
bloodv, &c. 

AGGRIEVED— adj., Isesus. 

AGHAST — adj. = horror-struck, dt- 
tdnitSs, stiipefdctus. 

Phr., paiore stupens, metu dmens. 

AGILE — adj., agllls, gndvus, dcir, 
pemix. 

AGILITY— subet., levttds 3 f. ; mobi- 
lltds 3 f. 



AGITATE, to— v. act. 

(a) to move, mdved 2 ; commdved 2 ; 

permdred 2 ; agtto 1. 
(6) to disturb, agXto 1 ; solllcXto 1 ; tur- 
bo 1 ; vexo 1. 

AGITATED — adj., of mind, sdllicUUs, 
trgpldus, turbidus ; of the sea, turbldSs, 
tUmultUosUs, iurbtilentus, and participles ' 
of verbs above. 

AGITATION— subst. 
(a) movement, inottis 4 ; pulsSs 4 ; 

sometimes xstus 4. 

Ep. rapid, violent, &c. 
(6) fear, q. v. ; pavdr 3 m. ; tSmultSs 4 ; 

EstQs 4. 

Ep. tremulous, anxious, wild, &c. 

AGO — adv., abhinc. Long ago, jdm- 
dudum, jdmpridem, dudum, prldem. 

AGONY— subst. 

(a) pain, ddldr 3 m. ; dngifr 3 m. ; cHi- , 
ctdtUs 4. 

Ep. bitter, long, undeserved, &c. 

(b) contest, discrimen 3 n. ; certdmen 
3n. 

Ep. fierce, stubborn, manly, long, 
pitiless, &c. 

AGREE, to — V. n. = to consent, con- ■' 
vento 4 ; consentlo 4 ; concdrdo 1 ; non 
discrepo 1 ; sometimes obsequdr 3. 

AGREEABLE— adj. 

(a) pleasant, amdbllls, dcceptus, grdtuSy 
placens. 

(b) suitable, conveniens, non Slleniis, par, 
dptus. 

AGREEABLY — adv., convenienter. 
AGREED, it is — sedet, stat, constat^ 
cdnventt. 

AGREEMENT— subst. 

(a) concord, concordia 1 ; pax 3 f. ; 
fcedus 3 n. 

(b) bargain, pactum 2 ; fcedUs 3 n. ; con- 
ditio 3 f. ; lex 3 f. 

Ep. faithful, sure, lasting, sacred, . 
&c. 

AGROUND — adj. = stranded. Trans- 
late by phrases : e.g. the ship is aground, 
ndvXs hxret scSpiilis; inrixd ruplhiis 
Useret ; stat littSre fixa ; liito sidtt, &c. 

AGUE — subst., qudrtdna (Jebrls). 

Ep. chilly, recurring, &c. 

AH — interj., of sorrow, dh, lirni, vse, 
elieu, me miserum; of surprise, en! 
eccS! of longing (ah! that), si! ^ 
Utlndm ! 



AHEAD 



( 11 ) 



ALIMKNT 



AHEAD — adj. = in front, prXSr. 
Translate by phrases with verb : e.g. 
to be ahead of, prEcurro 3; prseverto 
3 ; prsevertdr 3. 

AIT), to — V. act. = to help, jUvo 1 ; 
succurro 3 ; udjuvo 1 ; auxlliffr 1 ; sub- 
cSnlo 4 ; adspiro 1 ; adsum, irr. 

AID — subst., mixilium 2 ; suhsidtum 
2 ; ddjumentum 2 ; dpem 3 f. (no 
nom.). 

Ep. present, swift, prompt, just, de- 
sired, &c. 

AIDER— subst., adjutdr 3 (H.) ; ad- 
jutrix 3 f. 

AIL, to — V. neut., ddW 2 ; of the 
hody,jac^o 2; ciihd 1 ; segroto 1. 

Phr., morho tentdr 1 ; prSmdr 3 ; cru- 
cWr 1 ; vexdr 1 ; urdr 3 ; torquSdr 2 ; 
exercSdr 2 ; ugttdr 1. 

AILMENT — subst. = disease, dSldr 
3 m. ; morhiis 2 ; Idngudr 3 m. 

Ep. painful, tedious, &c. 

AIM, to — V. act., e.g. a spear, libro 
1 ; = to poise, dirigo 3 ; tendo 3. 

AIM AT, to — V. act., pSto 3 ; jaculdr 
1 (Hor. Od. ii. 16, 17). 

Phr., to aim at the kingdom, regnum 
afectarS 1, spectdrS 1. 

AIM — subst. 
(a) mark aimed at, phr., jacSli cer- 

tdmina ponit in ulmo, he places on 

the elm a mark (or aim) for the 

javelin (Verg. Georg. ii. 530). 
(6) purpose, consilium 2 ; propSsltum 2. 

Ep. fixed, long sought, &c. 

AIMLESS — adj., incertus, duhtus, ir- 
rttus. 

AIE — subst. 

(a) atmosphere, der 3 m. ; (lower air) 
sether 3 m. ; (upper air) mirx 1 pi. 
Phr., sub JdvS, in the open air. 

Ep. liquid, clear, misty, &c. 

(b) breeze, aura 1 ; rentus 2. 

Ep. gentle, strong, favouring, ad- 
verse, &c. 

(c) tune, numSri 2 pi. ; mSdi 2 pi. 
Ep. tuneful, loud, sylvan, &c. 

(d) gesture, gestus 4 ; motus 4 ; habitus 
4 ; spScies 5. 

Phr., to give oneself airs, superbto 4 ; 
tumid 2. 

Ep. proud, graceful, womanly, manly, 
girlish, &c. 

AIR, to — V. act., ventilo 1. 

AIR-HOLE — subst., spirdmentum 2. 



AIRT — adj., dSrtUs, letMr^s, ocelestt». 

(a) unsubstantial, iSvis, exills. 

(b) thin, Igv/s, exilU. 

AKIN — adj., cogndtus, consdnguXnSuSy 
prdpinquus, dffinls. 

ALABASTJER — subst., mdrmdr 3 n. 

Ej). ghniming, hard, white, &c. 

ALABASTER— adj., tiidrmikSus. 

ALACRITY — subst, strenuitds 3 f. ; 
sedulltus 3 f. ; industria 1. 

Ep. eager, vigorous, quick, &c. 

ALARM — subst. = panic, pavdr 3 m. ; 
tilmultus 4. 

Phr., to sound an alarm, bellum 
clerS, tuba canSrS, Mdrtem dccendSrS 
cdntu, &c. 

Ep. sudden, timid, unexpected, noc- 
turnal, &c. 

ALARM, to — V. act. = to terrify, q. v. 

ALAS — interj., heu! eheu! vse! me 
mUSrum ! 

ALBEIT — adv. = although, q. v. 

ALCOVE — subst., rScessus 4 ; lat^se 
Ipl. 

Ep. secluded, quiet, beloved, fami- 
liar, &c. 

ALDER — subst., dlnUs 2 f. 

Ep. light, green, river, &c. 

ALE — subst., see instead Wine, Curs, 
Dkacght. 

ALEHOUSE — subst., taberna 1 ; cau- 
pond 1. 

Ep. hot, crowded, smoky, full, &c. 

ALERT — adj., vXgll, dttentiis, drrectus, 
deer, sedulus. 

ALIEN— subst., MspSs 3 m. ; ultenus 
2 ; pSregrlnus 2 ; ddvSna 1 m. 

ALIENATE, to — v. act., separo 1 ; 
divido 3; dlsjungo 3; d'tssdclo 1. See 
Divide, to. 

ALIGHT, to — V. neut. 

(a) from a carriage, descendo 3; de- 
silio 4. 

(b) of a bird, sido 3 ; cons'ido 3. 

Phr., terrum capio, I alight on the 
earth. 

ALIGHT — adj. = on fire, drdens, in- 
census, flttgrdns. 

ALIKE — adv. = equally, paritSr, 
leque, communitSr, sequulitSr. 

Phr., pari mddo, pari ratlonS, simili 
mSdo, nuUo discrimhiS, &c. 

ALIKE — adj. = equal, par, similtSy 
purlUs. 

ALIMENT— subst. = food, q. v. 



ALIVE 



( 12 ) 



ALTEK 



ALIVE — adj., vlvUs, mvax, sjnrans, vi- 
vens. = surviving, super stis, incdlumis. 

ALL — adj., oinnls, Uitus. 

Phr., nulliis non. 

ALL — adv. = altogether, omnino, 
plane, pSnltus. 

ALL — subst. = all men, all things, 
din7ies, omnia. 

Phr., nemo non ; for the use or good 
of all, in mSdtum. 

ALL-PEODUCING— adj., epithet of 
the earth, omnifSr, omniparens. 

ALLAT, to — V. act. = to quiet, sedo 
1 ; compesco 3 ; pldco 1 ; trdnqulllo 1 ; 
sSreno 1 ; mitlgo 1 ; mollio -l ; lenlo 4. 

ALLEGE, to — V. act. = to assert, died 
3 ; dfirmo 1 ; dssSro 3 ; juro 1. 

ALLEGIANCE— subst., fides 5 ; of- 
flclum 2. 

Ep. A. loyal, sure, lasting, &c. 
B broken, treacherous, &c. 

ALLEVIATE, to — v. act. = to relieve, 
iSvo 1 ; dllSvo 1 ; rSlSvo 1 ; lento 4 ; 
mulcSo 2 ; sedo 1 ; compesco 3. See 
Allay, to. 

ALLEY — subst., semtta 1 ; trdmSs 3 
m. ; cdllls 3 m. ; dnglportus 4. 

Ep. narrow, winding, shady, slant- 
ing, steep, &c. 

ALLIANCE — subst., /Sd«8 3'n.; pac- 
tum 2 ; amlcltla 1. 

Phr., pdcXs lex 3 f. ; pdcti fides 5 ; 
amlcltlse faedus 3 n. 

Ep. sacred, lasting, constant, &c. 

ALLIED — adj., sdclus, sdcidtiis, aux- 
tlidris. 

Vhx., foedSrS junctiis, sdcldtus, &c. 

ALLOT, to — V. act., sortlSr 4; dis- 
trihiio 3 ; pdrtidr 4 ; dlspenso 1. 

Phr., sorts divldo 3 ; dssigno 1 ; do 1. 

ALLOW, to — V. act. = te permit, slno 
S ; patidr 3 ; permitto 3 ; concedo 3 ; do 
1 ; sometimes prxsto 1. It is allowed, 
llci^l, imp. 

ALLOWANCE — subst. = permission, 
venta 1. 

ALLOY, to — V. act., corrumpo 3 ; 
adultSro 1. 

ALLUDE, to — V. neut., tango 3 ; sig- 
nlfico 1. 

ALLTJBE, to — V. act., cdpto 1; dl- 
llcio 3 ; iUSqaSo 1 ; pellicio 3 ; bldndidr 
4 ; mdrdr 1 ; prolecto 1 ; oblecto 1 ; ex- 
cdnto 1 (Prop.). 

ALLTIEEMENT— subst., lllMhrse 1 ; 



hlandttlse \ ; hldndimentiim 2 ; pelldcial 
(Luc). 

Ep. wUy, womanly, treacherous, vain, 
&c. 

ALLY, to — V. act., sScIo 1 ; consdclo 
1 ; dssdclo 1 ; jungo 3 ; conjungo 3. 

Phr., sScXum ddsdsco 3 ; sumo 3 ; dc- 
cXplo 3. 

ALLY — subst., sScius 2. 

Ep. A. firm, constant, loyal, faithful, 
bravo, &c. B. faithless, perjured, &c. 

ALMIGHTY — adj., omnipdtens. 

ALMOND — subst., amygdalum 2. 

Ep. white, flowering, spring, &c. 

ALMOST — adv., fSre, pEnS, prdpS, 
mddd-ndn, tdntum-non. 

ALMS — subst., stipem (no nom.) 3 f. ; 
sportula 1 (Juv. ; lit. basket, thence 
dole). U.se munus 3 n. ; donum 2. 

ALOE— subst., ulOe 1 f. 

Ep. rare, long-lived, proud, &c. 

ALOFT — adv., supSr, superne, supra, 
suUimS, sursum (Mart.). From aloft. 



ALONE — adv. = only, solum, inSdS, 
tdntummddd, tdntum. 

ALONE — adj., solus, incomitdtus. 

Phr., nullo cSmXtdntS, nulUs cOmitdntX- 
b&s. Left alone = abandoned, desertus, 
rSllctus. 

ALONG — prep., pSr, prxtgr, often ex- 
pressed in the verb : e.g. littiis iSgSrS, 
prEtervihl, to coast along the shore. 
To go along with a person, cdmitSr 1, 
&c. 

ALOOF — adv., prdcul. 

ALOUD — adv. = loudly, cldre, cldrXUs. 

Phr., magna vocS. 

ALP — subst. = a mountain pasture, 
clivus 2; sdltus 4. (The Alps, Alpis 
3 m.). 

Ep. grassy, high, sunny, near snow, 
&c. 

ALPINE — adj. = mountainous, mon- 
tdniis, sd.rosus, dlpinus. 

ALREADY — adv., jam, jdmjam. 

ALSO — adv., St, StXam, qudquff, nee 
no 71. 

ALTAB — subst., drd 1 ; altdrlS 3, pi. 
only ; fdcus 2. 

Ep. sacred, ancient, ancestral, gilded, 
garlanded, &c. 

ALTEB,'to — V. act., mufo 1 ; varXo 1 ; 
immuto 1 ; rerto 3 ; trdnsformo 1 ; ddtd- 



ALTKRATIOX 



( 13 ) 



AMETHYST 



tgro 1 ; cdrrTgo 3 (Hor. Od. i. 24, 20) ; 
dlffingo 3 (/6. iii. 29, 47). 

V. neut. Use passives of verbs 

above : to alter into, fid, abSo ; with In, 
e.g. in villus abSimt vestes, clothes alter 
into hair. 

ALTER ATION—subst. = change, q. v. 

ALTERCATE, to — v. neut. = to 
quarrel, q. v. 

ALTERNATE, to — v. act., dltemo 1. 
To alternate with, exctpio 3 : e.g. Day 
alternates with night, sol excipit umbras. 

ALTERNATE — adj., dlternus, dl- 
terndns. 

ALTERNATELY — adv., vlclssim, in- 
vicem (or In ricem), dlternis. 

Phr., per rices, dlternis vlcibus. 

ALTERNATION— subst., vices 3 pi. f. 

ALTERNATIVE — subst. = choice, 
q. V. 

ALTHOTJOH — conj., qudnqitam, 
qudmvls, etd, licSt, iit. 

ALTITUDE— subst. = height, q. v. 

ALTOGETHER — adv., omnlno, pSnt- 
tus, fundltus. 

Phr., ex toto. 

ALUM— subst. = dlumSn (?) 3 n. 

ALWAYS — adv., sempSr, nunquam 
non, seternum, perpStiio, usquS, constdntSr 
= invariably. 

Phr., omni tempdr?, tempus in omnS, 
sinSfinS, nullo finS, In sevum, omnes pSr 
dnnos, quod supSrest tempdrls (Ov. Her. 
V. 158). 

AMAIN — adv. = mightily. Phr., 
multd vi, summis rtribus, mdgno nisu, 
mdgno condminS. Or use verb, enitdr,3. 

AMARANTH — subst., amardntus 2. 

Ep. lasting, evergreen, &c. 

AMARANTHINE— adj. = unfading, 
q. V. 

AMASS, to — V. act. = to accumulate, 
q. V. 

AMATORY— adj., moUis, tSnSr. 

AMAZE, to — V. act., obstupSfacXo 3 ; 
percello 3; nttdno 1. 

AMAZED, to be — v. neut., stupSo 2 ; 
dbstupesco 3 ; stupesco 3. 

AMAZED — adj., dttSnitus, stupens, 
stupSfdctus. 

AMAZEMENT— subst. 
(a) astonishment, horror 3 m. ; pavdr 

3 m. ; stupdr 3 m. ; tiiinultus 4. 

Ep. sudden, wild, fearful, &c. 
(5) admiration, q. v. 



AMAZINO — adj., mirus, mirabxlis, ini- 
rdndus. See Admirable. 

AMAZON — subst., Amdzon 3: virdqo 
3f. ^ 

Ep. warlike, maiden, fearless, armed, 
bearing quiver, lance, &c. 

AMAZONIAN— adj., dmdzdnius. 

AMBASSADOR — subst., legdtus 2 ; 
ordtor 3 m. 

Ep. venerable, sacred, eloquent, &c. 

AMBER — subst., electrum 2 ; succina 

2 pi. 

Phr., PhaSthontis gutta 1 ; lacrlma 1. 

Ep. bright, precious, warm, &c. 

AMBER — adj., succinus. 

AMBIENT — adj., drcumfusus, dr- 
cumfluens. circumiens. 

AMBIGUOUS— adj. = doubtful, du- 
biiis. ambUjiius, incertus. 

AMBITION— subst., gloria 1 ; dmbltlo 
3f. _ _ 

Phr., fdmie, laudis, hdnorum, cupido 

3 f. ; sUls 3 f. ; fames 3 f. 

Ep. rash, eager, proud, brief, burn- 
ing, mad, &:c. 

AMBITIOUS — adj., dmbittosus. 

Phr., cupidus hdn&rum, &c. ; laudU 
amorS cdptus, pcrculsus, incensHs, emeus, 
labordns, tumens. 

AMBLE, to — V. neut. Translate by 
phrases : e.g. segnltSr irS, lento cursu, 
&c. 

AMBROSIA— subst., dmbrSsia 1. 

Ep. divine, heavenly, sweet, &c. 

AMBROSIAL — adj., dmbrdsius, cceles- 
tis, divlnus, &c. 

AMBUSCADE, AMBUSH — subst., 
insidix 1 ; dSli 2 pi. To lie in ambush, 
insidiOr 1 ; or phrases, instd'ids paro 1, 
struo 3, tendo 3, mSdltSr 1, &c. 

Ep. secret, lurking, dark, blind, 
treacherous, &c. 

AMEND, to — V. act., corrigo 3 ; 
emendo 1 ; cdstigo 1. 

AMEND, to— V. neut. 

Phr., mSlidr fio, culpam or vUIa exio 
3, &c. 

AMENDS — subst. = atonement, pid- 
culum 2 ; pldmSn 3 n. 

Phr., I make amends for, pio 1, ex- 
pio 1, purgo 1, liio 3. 

Ep. late, bitter, ample, ordered, &c. 

AMERCE, to — V. act = to fine, q. v. 

AMETHYST— subst., dmetJiijstus 2 f. 

Ep. pure, bright, clear, shining, &c. 



AMETHYSTINE 



( 14 ) 



ANGLER 



AMETHYSTINE— adj., amethystlnus. 

AMIABLE — adj., dmabllis, gratus, 
dulcls, amdndus, pldcens. 

AMICABLE — adj. = friendly, amicus, 
hSnlgnm. 

AMID — prep., intSr, In. 

AMISS — adv. = faultily, prdve. 

Phr., to do amiss, peccdrS, cQlpam ad- 
mittSrS. To take amiss, quSrSr 3 ; aegre 
JSro, irr. ; indigndr 1. 

AMITY — subst. = friendship, q. v. 

AMMUNITION— subst. 

Phr., belli instruments, 2 ; apparatus 4. 

AMNESTY— subst. 

Phr., culpas oblivia 2 i)l. ; vSnla 1, 
&c. 

AMffiBEAN — adj., dlternus. 

AMONG — prep., intir, in. 

Phr., among the crowd, mSdid turbd. 

AMOBOTJS — adj., amMtis, dmdtdr 
{subst.); sometimes tSnSr. 

AMOUNT — subst., summd 1. 

AMOUB — subst., amffr 3 m. 

AMPHITHEATKE— subst., thSdtrum 
■2. 

Ep. spacious, thronged, gorgeous, 
proud, &c. 

AMPLE — adj., Idrgus, abunddns, dm- 
plus, hSnlgnus; of folds of dress, &c., 
use Idtus, Idxus. 

AMPLIFY, to— T. act., migSo 2. 

AMPLY — adv., abunde (quantity of 
e doubtful), large, satis, sat. 

AMPUTATE, to — v. act., dmputo 1 ; 
puto 1. 

AMULET — subst. = a charm. Trans- 
late by phrases, e.g. mdgtcum tutdmln 
3 n. Perhaps build 1. 

AMUSE, to — V. act., delecto 1 ; oblecto 
1 ; juio 1 ; cdpto I. 

AMUSEMENT— subst., ludds 2 ; jSctis 
2 ; nugse 1 pi. ; oblectdm^n 3 n. 

Ep. childish, simple, easy, &c. 

ANALYZE, to — v. act., rSsolvo 3; 
discenw 3. 

ANARCHY — subst., Itcentta 1. 

Ep. riotous, bloody, guilty, &c. 

ANCESTOR — suhsi., pdter Z m.. ; dvus 
2 ; prddvus 2 ; dtdvus 2 ; mdjores 3 pi. ; 
jprogSnitdr 3 m. 

Ep. mighty, celebrated, old, proud, 

-&C. 

ANCESTRAL — adj., aiiius, paternus, 
j>dtrius. 

Phr., ancestral halls, cf. Ovid, Fast. 



i. 591 ; gSnSrosd dtrid, cf. avis dtdnsguS 
pOtens, Verg., and Hor. Od. i. 1, 1. 

ANCESTRY— subst. Translate by 
phrases, series (5) dvorum, gentls ordo 
(3 m.), &c. 

ANCHOR- subst., dncdrd 1. 

Phr., dens (3 m.) ferrSus, den* ddun- 
cus, &c. RStlndculd 2 pi. (mooring 
cables) may sometimes be used. 

Ep. iron, firm, curved, &c. 

ANCHOR, to — ^v. neut. Translate 
by phrase, tSnit dncdrd (1) ndvem, &c. 

V. act. Phr., dppellSrS ndvem, 

portum iTilo (irr.), tdngo 3, &c. 

ANCHORAGE— subst., stutid 3 f. 

Ep. safe, unsafe, &c. 

ANCHORITE— subst. 

Phr., sdc^r Incdld (1) montis, vdllis, &c. 

ANCIENT — adj., antiquus, vitUs, 
vStustus, prlscus, prlstlnus, dnnosUs. 

ANECDOTE -s,\\hi,i.,fabuld 1 ; fat^Ua 
1. 

Ep. witty, strange, familiar, worthy 
or unworthv of credit. 

ANEMONE — subst., dnSmone 3 f. 
(used by Pliny). 

Ep. dewy, spring, pure, &c. 

ANENT — prej)., de or silpSr with abl. 

ANEW — adv. = afresh, and again, 
q. V. 

ANGEL — subst. Translate by 
phrases, coelestls minister (2), sdtellSs 
(3 m.) or fdmulus (2) dSi. cceUcdlse 
(1 pi.), cdJiors (3 f.) setMrSd, dligSri 
coetus (4), &c. 

Ep. pure, winged, swift, faithful, &c. 

ANGELIC, ANGELICAL— adj., coiles- 
tls, divinus, EtMrSus; if used meta- 
phorically, piirus, sine IdbS, &c. 

ANGER— subst., ird 1 ; furdr 3 m. ; 
rabies 5 ; ddJdr 3 m. ; bills 3 f. ; indig- 
ndtlo 3 f . ; dnlml 2 pi. 

Ep. A. righteous, stern, brief, &c. 
B. wild, fierce, unrestrained, impious, 
&c. 

ANGER, to — V. act. = to enrage, q. v. 

ANGERED— adj., Irdtus, furens, rdbt- 
dus, Irdcundus. 

Phr., Ird incensus, fervldiis, &c. 

ANGLE — subst., dngulus 2. 

Ep. retired, dark, &c. 

ANGLE, to — V. neut.. piscdr 1. Phr., 
cdptdrS pisces hdmo, vlrgd, drundlnS, &c. 

ANGLER— subst., piscdtdr 3 m. 

Ep. wily, patient, &c. 



ANGKILY 



( 15 ) 



ANTIQUnV 



ANOBILY — adv.. Irate, acritSr. 

ANGRY — adj., iratus, furens, rabtdus, 
irdcundus, dspSr. 

Phr., ira incensiis, fervidus, &c. 

ANGEY, to be — v. neut., irdscOr 3 ; 
sxvio 4 ; ftiro 3 ; indlgnOr 1 ; succensSo 
2 ; sfdmachdr 1 (H.). 

ANGUISH— subst., dn^dr 3 m. ; d((lSr 
3 m. ; mErdr 3 m. 

Ep. sorrowful, painful, mad, &c. 

ANILE — adj., aniUs. 

ANIMAL — subst., animal 3 n. Some- 
times animdns. = wild beast, fSra 1. 

Ep. wild, tame, savage, gentle, faith- 
ful, treacherous, &c. 

ANIMATE, to — V. act., antmo 1 ; ez- 
cito 1. 

Phr., animam dddo 3. 

ANIMATE— adj. = alive, q. v. 

ANIMOSITY— subst. = hatred, ddium 
2 ; tra 1 ; tnimicitla 1 ; slmultds 3 f. 

Ep. lasting, deadly, bloody, &c. 

ANISE — subst., anethum 2. 

ANKLE— subst., tdlus 2. 

Ep. A. firm, upright, &c. B. weak, 
tottering, &c. 

ANNALS — subst., dnmles 3 pi. m. ; 
fdstl 2 pi. ; m&numenta 2 pi. 

Ep. ancient, ancestral, mindful, &c. 

ANNEX— V. act. = to add to, q. v. 

ANNIHILATE — V. act., delSd 2; 
perdo 3; abdlSo 2; ezstinguo 3; everto 
3 ; destruo 3. 

ANNIVERSARY— subst. 

Phr., dnnua sacra (2 pi.), dnnuus dies 
(5), &c. 

ANNOUNCE, to — v. act., nuntio 1 ; 
denuntio 1 ; r^firo, irr. ; defSro, irr. ; 
ndrro 1 ; apSrto 4 ; profSro, irr. ; rS- 
cludo 3 ; perfSro, irr. 

ANNOY, to — V. act., Ixdo 3 ; vexo 1 ; 
sOUicitd 1 ; ndcSo 2 ; gravo 1 ; lacesso 3 ; 
irrito 1 ; turbo 1. 

ANNOYED, to be— v. neut., ddlSo 2; 
and passive voice of verbs given under 
Annoy, to. 

ANNUAL — adj., dnnUus. 

ANNUALLY— adv. = yearly, q. v. 

ANNUL, to — V. act., dbrffgo 1 ; re- 
scindo 3. See Annihilate, to. 

ANODYNE — subst., mSdlclna 1 ; mS- 
dicdmSn 3 n. 

Ep. soothing, gentle, health-bring- 
, ^. ing, &c. 
^ ANOINT, to — V. act., ungo 3 ; Inungo 



3 ; perungo 3 ; lino 3 ; imbUd 3 ; tingo 3 ; 
inficio 3 ; niadffuclo 3. = to consecrate, 
sacro 1 ; consecro 1 ; dtco 1 ; dedlco 1. 

ANON — adv. = soon, mox, pdstmddd, 
cits, citlus, oclus. = sometimes inter- 
dum, nonnunquam, est itbi. 

ANOTHER— adv., dlt^r, alius. 

ANSWER, to— V. act. 

(a) responded 2 ; exclplo 3 ; rSfSro, irr. ; 
subjicio 3. 

Phr., responsum darS, reddSrS, vocem 
riferrS, &c. 

(b) of an echo, dssSno 1. 
ANSWER — subst., responsum. 
Phr., vox reddita. See above. 

Ep. A. longed for, pleasant, brief, 
welcome, &c. B. angry, sharp, tardy, 
discourteous, &c. 

ANSWERABLE— adj., rSus, obnoxlUs. 

ANT — subst., formica 1. 

Ep. industrious, prudent, tiny, &c. 

ANTAGONIST — subst. = adversary, 
q. V. 

ANTARCTIC— adj. = southern, q. v. 

ANTECHAMBER— subst., vesttbulum 
2 ; UmSn 3 n. ; porticus 4 f. 

Ep. lofty, regal, &c. 

ANTEDATE, to— v. act. = anticipate, 
q. V. 

ANTELOPE— subst., caprSa 1; cfip- 
rSdlus 2. 

Ep. graceful, agile, swift, timid, 
mountain, &c. 

ANTE-ROOM — subst. = antechamber, 
q. V. 

ANTHEM — subst. ^ Translate by 
phrases, cdrmina (3) sacra, numSri (2) 
mddi (2), shcri, pna nenld (1), &c. 

ANTIC — subst., trickjj'cfcMs 2; ludus 2. 

ANTICIPATE, to — v. act., prxsumo 
3 ; prsRcipio 3 ; occupo 1 ; prseverto 3. 

ANTIDOTE — subst., mSdiclna 1 ; 
mSdicdmSn 3 n. ; perhaps panacea 1. 

Ep. powerful (prEsens), health- 
bringing, &c. 

ANTIPATHY— subst., ddlum 2; in- 
vldld 1. 

Phr., inlmtca mens (3 f.), dversd vSl- 
untds (3), &c. 

Ep. lasting, unjust, undeserved, &c. 

ANTIQUE — adj. = ancient, q. v. 

ANTIQUITY— subst., vStustds 3 f. 

Phr., prlsca tempdra (3 pi.), prlsca 
setds (3 f.). 

Ep. early, sacred, &c. 



ANTLER 



( 16 ) 



APPOSITE 



ANTLEB — subst., cornu 4. 

Ep. branching (arbdrSus), high, 
curved, &c. 

ANTLEEED— adj., cornlgSr. 

ANVIL — subst., Incus 3 f. 

Ep. solid, hard, iron, unbroken, &c. 

ANXIETY — siibst., cura 1; anxUtds 
3 f . ; sollicitudo 3 f . 

Ep. gnawing, slow (lentiis), unsatis- 
fied, &c. 

ANXIOUS — adj., anxlus, sollicitus, 
trSpldus, duhius. 

ANT — subst. ,5mJ'8 (after si,num, &c.), 
quisquam, qulvis, quilihSt. 

ANY — adj., omnU, ulltLs. 

ANYHOW— adv. 

(a) at least, saltern, tamSn. 

(b) in some way or other, quocunquS 
mddo. 

ANYWHEKE— adv., ublvls. 

Phr., toto orM, omnibus terrls, &c. 

APACE — adv. = quickly, cltS, citius, 
octus. 

Phr., nvlld mdra. 

APART — adv., prdcfil. Translate by 
adjectives, dlvlsus, discretus, semotits, 
rSmotus; sometimes by verbs, absum, 
disto 1. 

APATHY — subst., stupdr 3 m. ; tor- 
pdr 3 m. ; Inertia 1. 

Ep. dull, lifeless, sluggish, &c. 

APE — subst., simtHs 2 ; ^mia 1 ; cer- 
cdpUhecus 2 (Mart.). 

Ep. mischievous, crafty, imitative, 
forest, &c. 

APE, to — V. act. = to imitate, q. v. 

APERTURE — subst. = opening, q. v. 

APIECE — adv. Use distributive 
numerals. 

APOSTATE — subst., perhaps proditdr 
3 m.; or use adjectives, imptus, per- 
ftdus, perjurus; or verbs, IMdSrS, vl6- 
IdrS, fldem, &c. 

APOSTLE — subst., nuntius 2. 

Ep. bold, unselfish, wandering, &e. 

APPAL, to — V. act. = to terrify, q. v. 

APPAREL — subst. = dress, q. v. 

APPARENT — adj. = visible, mani- 
fesim, aperttis. 

APPARITION — subst. = spectre, q.v. 

APPEAL, to — V. neut., provOco 1 ; 
testdr 1 ; obtMtyr 1 ; obsecro 1. 

APPEAL— subst. 

(a) prayer, q. v. 

(b) challenge. Translate by verb. 



APPEAR, to — V. neut., apparHo 2; 
v'ldgUr 2 ; patSo 2 ; patesco 3 ; exto 1 ; 
and passives of verbs meaning " to see " 
or " to show," vid^dr 2 (I seem). 

APPEARANCE— subst. = mien, gpg- 
cies 5 ; f deles 5 ; vultus 4. 

Phr., habitus (4) oris. 

Ep. A. proud, kingly, courteous, 
joyous, strange, &c. B. mean, sordid, 
sorrowful, hostile, angry, &c. 

APPEASE, to — V. act., placo 1 ; lenlo 
4 ; mitigo 1 ; muIcSo 2 ; exoro 1 ; sedd 1 ; 
cvmpesco 3; j^'o 1- 

APPEND, to — V. act. = to add, q. v. 

APPERTAIN, to— V. neut., pertlnSo 
2; tango 3; or express by possessive 
genitive. 

APPETITE — subst. = desire, ciipido 
3 m. and f.; amffr 3 m. ; drddr 3 m. ; 
studium 2 ; libuld3 f. = hunger, /ames 
3 f . ; sometimes sap/fr 3 m. (lit. flavour : 
Hor. Od. iii. 1, 19). 

Ep. eager, unrestrained, mad, laud- 
able, &c. 

APPLAUD, to — V. act, plaudo 3; 
fav^o 2 ; prdbo 1 ; laudo 1 ; collaudo 1. 

APPLAUSE— subst., plmMs 4 ; favdr 
3 ; fremitus 4. 

Ep. loud, redoubled, popular, 
feigned, &c. 

APPLE — subst., malum 2 ; pomum 2. 

APPLE-BEARING— adj., pomifSr. 

APPLE-TREE— subst., mdlus 2 f. 

APPLY, to — V. act. and neut. 

Phr., vires ddmdvSt or adhibSt, he ap- 
plies strength; ignes ddmdvSt, he ap- 
plies fire; amori incumbit, he applies 
himself to love ; dpem drat, he applies 
for aid ; cdlcar dddit or subdit, he ap- 
plies the spur ; mentem ddjiclt, he ap- 
plies his mind, &c. 

APPOINT, to— V. act. 
(a) to fix, statiid 3; dlco 3; edico 3. 

See Institute, to. 
(ft) to nominate, crSo 1 ; facioS; nomino 

1 ; destino 1. 
(c) to equip, instruo 3 ; omo 1 ; ex- 

orno 1. 

APPOINTMENT — subst. = equip- 
ment, q. V. 

APPORTION, to— V. act. = to allot, 
q.v. 

APPOSITE— adj., dptus, cmvMenSy 
Idonius. 



APPRAISE 



( 17 ) 



ARGUMENT 



APPRAISE, to — V. act. = to set a 
price, eegtimu 1. 

APPREHEND, to— v. act. 
(a) to seize, prehendv 3 ; comprendo or 

comprShendo 3. 

Phr., mdnus injicio 3. 
(6) to understand, intelligo 3 ; perciplo 3. 
(c) to fear, q. v. I 

APPREHENSION — subst. = fear, 
q. V. I 

APPRENTICE— subst., tiro 3 m. 

APPROACH, to— V. act. and neut., 
adSo, irr. ; ddcinto 4 ; accedo 3 ; suMo, I 
irr. ; prupinqm 1; alldbdr 3; advertdr\ 
3; ddvento 1. j 

APPROACH — subst., udltus 4 ; dd- 
ventus 4 ; ingresms 4 ; via 1 ; iti'r 3 n. ; 
intru/fus 4 ; of a serpent, dlldpsiis 4. 

APPROACHABLE— adj., adSundus. 

APPROBATION — subst. = a^jproval, 
q. V. 

APPROPRIATE, to— V. act., vindicd 
1 ; drrogo 1 ; dssrano 3. 

APPROPRIATE — adj., dptiis, cow 
rSiuens, idonSus. 

APPROVAL— subst., Iwiis 3 f . ; fdv6r 
3 m. ; pafrocinium 2. 

Plir., prxconid 2 pi. laudis. 

Ep. deserved, feigned, &c. 

APPROVE, to— V. act. 
(ft) to prove, q. v. 
(h) to praise, prdho 1 ; laudo 1 ; favSo 2. 

Phr., laiidibus decdro (1), orno (1), &c. 

APPROVER— subst. 
(a) prOhutvr 3. 
(?>) = informer, q. v. 

APRON — subst., perhaps gausapS 
3 n. ; mdppa 1 ; mdntelS 3 n. 

Ep. (of material) linen, silk, &c. ; 
(of colour) purjDle, white, &:c. 

APT — adj., dptiis, convSnlens, idonSus, 
pdrdtus, ISpldus. 

APTLY — adv., dpte, conv^nientSr. 

AQUATIC — adj., aqudticiis, aquosus. 

AQUEOUS — adj., aquosus. 

AQUILINE — adj., uncus, aduncus, 
dhunciis, reduncus, ciirvus, rSeurrus. 

ARABLE — adj. Phr., dptus ardtro, 
dd sSgStes ingSnlosm ugSr 2 : so oppor- 
tunus, cdmrnddtis ; arable land, drvum 2, 
nurdlis 3 f., and ndvdlS 3 n. 

ARBITER— subst., drhmr 2 ; jud^x 3. 
Phr., mSdius pidcis helllquS, arbiter of 
peace and war. 

Ep., just, worthy, dread, &c. 



ARBITRARY— adj. = despotic, imr 

pSrlosus, superhus. 

Phr.. legS sdlutiis. 

ARBITRATE— V. act. and neut. = 
to judge, q. v. 

ARBOUR — subst., umbrdculum 2. 

Phr., silvestres Idtebrm 1 pi. ; silvestrS 
tectum 2, or tegmin 3 n. ; drhOrSus rSces- 
SU8 4 ; frondosa or frondSa sides 3 f . ; 
nSmdrdsa sSdilia 2 pi., &c. 

ARBUTE— subst., drhVitus 2 f. 

ARCADE — subst., porticus 4 f. ; 
cdlumnE 1 (lit. columns); umbra 1 (lit. 
shade). 

Ep. shady, cool, long, &c. 

ARCH — adj. = saucy, q. v. 

ARCH — subst., drcus 4 ; fornix 3 m. 

Ep. high, royal, massive, &c. 

ARCH, to — V. act., (of a horse's neck) 
rScurco 1. 

ARCHED or ARCHING— adj., cavUs, 
concuvus, &c. (of sky, &c.). 

ARCHAIC — adj. = ancient, q. v. 

ARCHER— subst. Phr., qui flectit 
or dlrlglt drcum ; drcus, nerri, pdtens, or 
ddminiis ; qui lunai or slnuat drcum; 
pSritus or dptiis tela or spicdld mittSrS, 
&c. 

In plural, phdretrdtx, sdgittifSrse, 
catervse 1 pi., cdlwrtes 3 pi. f., or manus 
4f. 

ARCHITECT— subst., drtlfex 3 m. 

Ep. skilful, learned, ambitious, &c. 

ARCHIVES — subst. = annals, q. v. 

ARCTIC — adj., JrctlcUs, Xrciods, 
Aqullonliis, HyperhSrSus, gldcldlls. 

ARDENT — adj. = burning, drdens, 
flagrdns, cdltdus, fervidus, incensus, 
j calens, sestuosUs, ignSus. 
I ARDOUR— subst. 
j (a) drdOr 3 m. ; cdldr 3 m. ; fervdr 3 m. 
(6) courage, virtus 3 f . ; vigOr 3 m. ; 

dnlmUs 2. 
I Ep. martial, spirited, youthful, iu- 
' vincible, &c. 

ARDUOUS — adj., drduUs, difflcXlis, 
SpSrostis, gravis. 

ARENA — subst. Phr., in cdmpum 
descenders; dOmltdnt in pulvSrS currus. 
\ ARGUE — V. neut., dlsputo 1 ; dissSro 
I 3 ; disceptd 1. = to prove, drgUo 3. 
j ARGUMENT— subst., ratio 3 f. 
I Ep. sagacious, learned, Socratic (So- 
I crdticus), &c. 





ARID 



( 18 ) 



ARROW 



ABID — adj. = dry, q. v. 

ARIGHT— adv. = rightly, q. v. 

ABISE — V. neut., surgo 3 ; exsurgo 3 ; 
coiuurgo 3: of the sun, OrlSr 4; ex- 
QriOr 4. 

ABE — subst., area 1 ; cista 1. 

Ep. wooden, secure, closed, &c. 

ABM— subst. 

(a) of the body, humerus 2 ; lacertus 2 ; 
brdchium 2 ; ulnse (pi. only). 

Ep. strong, weak, smooth, rough, &c. 

(b) of a tree, brdchium 2 ; ramus 2. 
Ep. knotty, aerial, intertwined, leafy, 

&c. 

(c) of the sea, frStum 2. 
Ep. curving (slnuosUs), &c. 

(d) of a river, comu 4. 

(e) = embrace, amplexus 4 ; complexus 
4. 

Ep. close (arctus). 
(J) = weapon, see Arms. 

ABU, to — V. act., armd 1 ; dhdrmo 1. 

Phr., drmd induirS, dptdrS, armis 
cingSrS, orndrS, instruSri, drcumddrS, 
dccommOddrS. 

ABMAMENT — subst., drmd 2 pi. 
= army, q. v. 

Ep. warlike, martial, death-bearing, 
&c. 

ABMED — adj., drrndtSs, drmlfSr, 
drmipdtens, drmlsOnus, ferrdtus. 

Phr., drmis, aerS, indutus, orndtus, 
tictus, dccinctus, dnctus, nltens, horrens, 
flagrdns, &c. 

ABMISTICE — subst., foidus 3 n. ; 
pdctum 2. 

ABMLET — subst. = bracelet, dr- 
viilla 1. 

AEMOTJB — subst. See Arms. 

AEMOUB-BEABEB — subst., drmlgSr. 

Ep. faithful, brave, &c. 

AEMOUBEB— subst., fahSr 2. 

Ep. robust, skilful, &c. 

ABMOTTBY — subst., drmamentdrlum 

2 (Juv.). 

ABMS — subst., armd 2 pi. only ; 
telum 2. Use names of particular 
weapons or parts of armour, e.g. ensls 

3 m. ; gladius 2 ; ferrum 2 ; hdstd 1 ; 
dipSus 2 ; galSd 1 ; lorlcd 1 ; 6crSx 1 pi., 
&c. 

Ep. warlike, martial, iron, just, un- 
just, useful, useless, hostile, impious, 
mad, cruel, bloody, brazen, shining, 
deadly, sorrowful, &c. 



ABMY — subst., exercttQs 4 ; Seles 5 ; 
agmSn 3 n. ; cdhors 3 f . ; catervS 1 ; 
phaldnx 3 ; l^glo 3 f. ; furmd 1 ; mdni- 
plus 2 ; mdnus 4 ; coplx 1 pi. ; urmdti 
2 pi. ; mil^s 3 m. (noun of multitude) ; 
juventus 3. 

Ep. brave, ready, armed, Ix^aring 
sword, spear, &c. ; clad in brass, iron, 
&c. 

ABOMATIC— adj. = fragrant, q. v. 

ABOUND — adv., circum, circa, juxtd, 
prdpS. 

ABOUND — prop., drca, circum. 

ABOUSE, to— V. act., excUo 1; cm 
2; concito 1 ; smclto 1 ; vOco 1 ; evOcd 1. 

ABBAIGN, to — V. act. = to accuse, 
q. V. 

ABBANGE, to— v. act., ordlno 1; 
instriid 3; dlspono 3; compono 3; di- 
gSro 3. 

ABBANGED — adj., cdmpdsUus, rg- 
cdmpdsltus, dispdsitus, digestiis; ar- 
ranged beforehand, prsecampdsTtiis. 

ABBAS — .subst. = tapestry, aidxa 
2 pi. 

ABBAY — subst., ordo 3 m. Battle 
array, dcies 5. 

Ep. martial, well-ordered (dispdsitSs), 
ready, gleaming, &c. 

= dress, q. v. 

ABBAY, to — V. act. = to arrange, 
q. v. = to dress, vestio 4 ; oimo 1 ; ex- 
onw 1 ; dicoro 1. 

ABBEABS — subst. = debts, deb'itS 
2 n. pi. 

ABBEST, to— V. act.=toseize. See 
Apprehend, to. 

ABBEST— subst. = delay, mSrd 1. 
= seizure, translate by participle. 

ABBIVAL— subst., "adieji<if« 4; ddl- 
tus 4. 

Ep. early, late, sudden, longed-for, 
welcome, pleasant, &c. 

ABBIVE, to — V. neui.. pervSnio 4; 
ddSo, irr. See Approach, to. 

ABBOGANCE— subst., superbiu 1; 
fdstus 4 ; perhaps superc'illum 2. 

Ep. regal, vain, foolish, mad, &c. 

ARBOGANT— adj. = proud, q. v. 

ABEOGANTLY— adv. = proudly, q. v. 

ABBOGATE, to — v. act. = to appro- 
priate, q. V. 

ABBOW— subst., sdgittd 1 ; telum 2 ; 
splciilum 2 ; ferrum 2 ; drundo 3 f . ; 
cdldmus 2. 



ARROW-BEARING 



( 19 ) 



ASIDE 



Ep. certain, sharp, pointed, swift, 
Parthian (Pdrthus), t?cythian {Scythi- 
cSs), &c. 

ARROW-BEAEINQ— adj., sagiWfer. 

AESENAL — subst. See Aemouky. 
If referring to ships, navdlS. 

ART— subst. = skill, ars 3 f. Some- 
times may be translated by callldttas 

3 f. ; ingSnium 2 ; acmnSn 3 n. ; sollertia 
1 ; facultds 3 f . = artifice, q. v. 

Ep. divine, learned, inspired, vain, 
unavailing, &c. 

ARTERY — subst. Translate by 
vend 1. 

ARTFUL — adj., in good sense, cdl- 
lldUs, habilis, doctus, pffritus, sollers, 
vafSr, ing^nidstis, catus, prudens, drtifex, 
dxddlus (of workmanship); in bad 
sense, calltdiis, vdfSr, dstutus (H.), ver- 
sutus, ddlosiis, fdlldx, insldiosus,' sub- 
dolus, versutus, duplex. 

ARTFULLY — adv., drte (lit. with 
art), dstu, frauds. 

ARTFULNESS — subst., in bad sense, 
ddlus 2 ; fraus 3 f. ; insidiE 1 pi. ; dstus 
i : (in abl. only) fdlldcia 1 ; cdllldltds 
3f. 

Ep. base, unworthv, servile, &c. 

ARTICULATE— adj., (of the voice of 
man as distinct from beasts) vocdlis. 
Translate by humdniis, perhaps cldriis, 
drgutug, certiig, non duhlus. 

ARTIFICE— subst. = a trick, dSliis 
2 ; frWiis 3 f. ; Insldlm 1 pi. ; dstus 

4 (in abl. only) ; fdlldcia 1 ; cdllidttds 
3f. 

Phr., drs (3) mala. 

Ep. base, unworthy, secret, &c. 

ARTIFICER— subst., artifex 3 m. f. ; 
fdbSr 2 ; dpifex 3 m. f . 

ARTIFICIAL— adj. 
(a) made by art. Phr., drtS or manu 

fdctus, crSdtm, labordtus, &c. 
(6) not genuine, fdlsus, fdlldx, menddx, 

mentitus, fictus, vdnUs. 

ARTILLERY— subst., tormenta 2 n. 
pi. ; bdllistd 1 ; dries 3 m. 

Ep. warlike, destructive, &c. 

ARTISAN— subst., drtifex 3 m. f . ; 
fabSr 2 ; Splfex 3 m. f. 

ARTIST— subst. 
(a) painter, plctdr 3 m. ; sculptdr 3 m. 

Phr., qui mOvSt ccelum or scdlprum, 
he who plies the cliisel; sollers sdxo 
dSum ponSrS, skilful to represent a god 



in marble ; ducSrS vultus de mdrmdrS, 

to bring a face out of marble. 

(h) skilful man. Use adjective, doctus, 

pSritus, sollers. See Artful. 

Ep. skilful, inspired, &c. 

ARTLESS— adj. Use phrase, sinS 
arts, drtScdrens; sometimes use simplex, 
Inconditus, incdmpdsitiis, rudis, inddclUs. 

ARTLESSLY — adv., simplicitSr, tS- 
mSrS. 

Phr., slnS arts. 

AS — conj., often = the relative qui. 
See Grammar. Sometimes qudlltSr, 
at, vSliit, prdut, quo morS. 

ASCEND, to — V. act., scdndo 3; ds- 
cendo 3 ; siipSro 1. 

Phr., dscensu supSro 1. 

V. neut., surgo 3; consurgo 3; 

exsiirgo 3. 

ASCENT — subst., dscemus 4. 

Ep. difficult, steep, &c. 

ASCERTAIN, to— v. act. = to learn, 
q. V. 

ASCETIC — adj., durus, gravis, dpSro- 
siis, diff'icllis, rlgldus, perhaps stolcus. 

ASCRIBE, to— V. act., trlbiio 3; dt- 
tribuo 3 ; dssigno 1 ; imputo 1 ; rSfSro, 
irr. ; reddo 3. 

ASH (the tree)— subst., frdxlnus 2 f . ; 
ornus 2 f. 

Ep. forest, mountain, wind-shaken, 
&c. 

ASH — subst., usually in plural, ashes, 
clnls 3 m. ; fdvilla 1. 

Ep. dry, sad, funereal, &c. 

ASHAMED — adj. = abashed, q. v. 

ASHAMED, to be— v. neut., pudSt, 
imi^ers. 

Phr., hoc mihl pudori est, I am 
ashamed of this. Sometimes erubesca 
3, with inf. (cf. Verg. Eel. vi. 2)-; some- 
times pudor est or pudori est may be 
used. Nee puddr est emissSpdlam, she 
is not ashamed to buy them openly 
(Ov. A. A. iii. 167). 

ASHEN — adj., frdxlnSus, frdxlnus. 

ASHORE— adv. 

(a) on shore. Phr., In littdrS, In urd. 
In terra, &c. 

(b) to the shore. Phr., in littus, in 
dram, &c. 

ASHY — adj. = pale, q. v. 

ASIDE — adv., sometimes prffcul, clam 
(secretly). Usually translate by com- 
pound verb, seposult gemm,ds, he put 
c 2 



ASININE 



( 20 ) 



ASSISTANT 



the jewels aside; ensem rStnovlt, he 
put aside his sword, &c. 

ASININE— adj. = foolish, q. v. 

ASK, to — ^v. act. 
(«) to enquire, rOgo 1 ; interrSgo 1 ; 

percontdr 1 ; rdglto 1 ; qusero 3. 
(6) to beg, rSgo 1 ; pSto 3 ; -posco 3 ; 

prScSr 1. 

ASKANCE — adv. Phr., limis dcuUs, 
limis dcellis, obliquo dculo, transversa 
tuens. 

ASLANT — adv. = obliquely, tn 
dbliqiium, pir obliquum, ab obliquo. 

ASLEEP — adv. Translate by part, 
or adj. sopltus, dormiem, sOporatus, in- 
experredus : or by phrases, sdporS ric- 
tus, conquered by sleep ; somno gravis, 
sSpiltus, obrutus, heavy or buried in 
sleep ; or by abl. abs., somno gravdnti, 
prSmentS, urgentS sOporS, &c. 

ASP — subst., dspls 3 f. (Lucan) ; ser- 
pens 3 m. ; cHlubSr 2 ; dnguis 3 m. 

Ep. deadly, lurking, poisonous, &c. 

ASPECT— subst. 
(a) appearance, q. v. 
(6) of a building, sitHs 4 ; pdsltus 4 ; 

pdsUura 1 (Prop.). 

ASPEN — subst., populus 2 f. 

Phr., drbdr (3) HerculSd, PliaSthontla, 
&c. 

Ep. trembling, unquiet, pale, &c. 

ASPEN — adj., populSus. 

ASPEKITY — subst. = roughness, ds- 
pSrltds 3 f. ; duritla 1 ; durlties 5. 

ASPEBSE, to — V. act. = to sprinkle, 
q. V. 

ASFEKSION — subst. = calumny, q. v. 

ASPHALT — subst., hltumSn 3 n. 

ASPHALT — adj., bltuminSus. 

Ep. black, fiery, tenacious, &c. 

ASPHODEL — subst. Pliny uses ds- 
pliodelus (2) and dlbucus (2). Perhaps 
EUisii flores (3); meads of asphodel, 
feiices cdmpi (2), bSdtd prdtd (2 pi.), 
&c. 

Ep. Elysian, everlasting, flowering, 
&c. 

ASPIBE, to — verb act., (with to) 
affecto 1 ; pSto 3 ; sometimes specto 1. 

Phr., I do not aspire to reach heaven, 
non Sg6 sldSrSds affecto tdngSrS sides 
(Ov. ^1. A. ii. 39). See Am at, to. 

ASPIEING — adj. = ambitious, q. v. 



ASS — subst., asXniis 2 ; asellUs 2 ; 
wild ass, dndggr 2. 

Ep. stubborn, indocile, disobedient, 
patient, &c. 

ASSAIL, to — V. act., oppugno 1 ; 
pSto 3; uggrSdlOr 3; lacesso 3; insllio 
3 : tento 1. 

ASSAILANT— subst. = enemy, q. v. 

ASSASSIN— subst., hdmlcida 1 m. ; 
sicdrlus 2 (H.); grdssdtdr 3 m. (Juv.)-; 
perhaps l&tro 3, prsedo 3. 

Ep. nocturnal, stealthy, impious, 
cruel, &c. 

ASSASSINATE, to — v. act. = to mur- 
der, q. V. 

ASSAULT — subst., impetus 4; In- 
cursiis 4. 

Ep. eager, fearless, sudden, &c. 

ASSAULT, to — V. act. = to assail, 
q. V. 

ASSAY — subst. = test, proof. Use 
verb spectdrS or part, spectdtus. 

ASSAY, to — V. act. = to test, sjyecto 1. 

ASSEMBLE, to — v. act., convdco 1 ; 
compello 3 ; cogo 3 ; ddrdco 1 ; glUmero 1. 

V. neut., cdio, irr. ; cdnvgnld4:; 

concurro 3; cotifluo 3; dfflud 3; and 
passive voice of verbs above. 

ASSEMBLY— subst., cmtus 4; con- 
ventus 4 ; cdrond 1 ; turba 1 ; concilium 
2 ; concursus 4 ; frSquentia 1. 

Ep. thronged, excited, noisy, &c. 

ASSENT — subst. = consent, q. v. 

ASSENT, to — V. neut. = to consent, 
q. V. 

ASSEET, to — V. act. = to affirm, q. v. 

ASSESS, to — V. act. = to appraise, 
q. V. 

ASSESSOE — subst. Translate by 
verb dssideo 2. 

ASSEVERATE, to— v. act. =to afirm, 
q. V. 

ASSIDUOUS — adj., strenuus, gndvus, 
imptgSr, promptu't, sedulus. 

ASSIGN, to — V. act. = to allot, q. v. 

ASSIMILATE, to — v. act. = to make 
alike, dsslmllo 1. 

Phr., slmilem reddo 3. 

ASSIST, to — V. act. = to help, q. v. 

ASSISTANCE— subst. = to help, q. v. 

ASSISTANT — subst., minister 2; 
famulus 2 ; sutellSs 3. 

Phr., OpSris sdclus 2; or pdrtlceps 
3 m. 

Ep. faithful, ready, &c. 



ASSIZE 



( 21 ) 



ATTACK 



ASSIZE — subst. Use judicium 2. 

ASSOCIATE, to — V. act. = to join, 
gdcio 1 ; consScio 1 ; jungo 3 ; conjungo 
3 ; ddjwigo 3. 

V. neut. = to accompany, q. v. 

ASSOCIATE — subst. = partner, sdcius 
2 ; scSlSris, &c. ; pdrttceps (3 m.), con- 
scius. 

ASSOIL, to — ^v. act. = to absolve or 
acquit, q. v. 

ASSOKT, to— V. act., diggro 3; dis- 
trihuo 3 ; dispono 3. 

ASSUAGE, to— V. act. = to allay or 
alleviate, q. v. 

ASSUME, to — V. act. 

(a) to appropriate, q. v. 

(b) to counterfeit (assume an appear- 
ance), q. V. 

ASSURANCE— subst. 
(a) trust, fides 5 ; fiducia 1 ; sometimes 

cornua 4 pi. 

Ep. certain, just, bold, &c. 
(6) impudence, auddcla 1 ; pStulantia 

1. Sometimes use os 3 n., or irons 

3f. 

Ep. shameless, base, &c. 

ASSUBE, to — V. act., pdngo 3 ; firmo 
I ; confirmo 1. 

ASSURED — adj., pdctus, certug, non 
dubitis. 

ASTER— subst., amellus 2 m. See 
Vergil. Georg. iv. 271. 

ASTERN— adv. Phr., d puppi; a 
wind astern, ventus sSciindus. 

ASTIR — adj. = on the move, trSpidus, 
trSpiddns, agltdtus. 

ASTONISH, to— v. act. = to amaze, 
q. v. 

ASTONISHMENT — subst. = amaze- 
ment, q. V. 

ASTOUND, to — V. act. = to amaze, 
q. V. 

ASTRAY — adv. Use adj. divius, 
avlus. 

Phr., via deversiis, or dversus. To go 
astray, erro 1 ; paldr 1 ; vagdr 1. 

ASTRIDE— adv., (a horse) use iquSs 
3 m. 

Phr., ^quo vectus. 

ASTROLOGER — subst., magus 2 ; 
perhaps vSneficus 2, Chdldseus 2. 

Ep. learned, foreseeing, skilled in 
the stars, aged, &c. 

ASTROLOGY— subst. Phr., drs 3 f. ; 
magicu, Chaldsea. 



ASTRONOMER — subst. Phr.^ qui 
sidSra. servat; coeli pSritus; qui ccelum 
radio descrlhit. Perhaps sapiens 3 m. 

ASTUTE — adj. = artful (in bad 
sense), q. v. 

ASTUTENESS — subst. = artfulness, 
q. V. 

ASUNDER — adv. Translate by 
compound verbs, dilacSro 1 ; dilanio 1 ; 
divello 3. 

ASYLUM — subst., asylum 2 ; per- 
fugimn 2 ; dra 1 ; portus 4. 

Ep. safe, secret, sacred, &c. 

AT — prep., ad, apud. 

AT ALL — adv., dmnino. 

AT HOME— adv., ddmi. 

AT ONCE — adv., protlnUs, contXnUo, 
exiemplo. 

Phr., nulla mdra, nulla mdra est. 

ATHIRST — adj., sitiens, siccus, drldus. 

ATHLETE— siibst., dthleta 1 (Hor. 
Ep.) ; pugil 3 m. ; palsestrita 1 (Mart.). 
Sometimes gladidtSr 3 m. 

Ejj. robust, skilful, fearless, am- 
bitions, &c. 

ATHWART — prep. = across, q. v. 

ATMOSPHERE— subst. = air, q. v. 

ATOM — subst. Phr., rerum semina 
3 n. pi. ; prlmordia 2 pi. To dash to 
atoms, delSo 2; perdo 3; elido 3, 
&c. 

ATONE, to — V. act., pio 1 ; expio 1 ; 
purgo 1 ; lilo 3 ; corrigo 3 : sometimes 
compenso 1 ; rSpendo 3 ; emendo 1 (Ov. 
Fast. iv. 596, v. 205). 

ATONEMENT— subst, pidculum 2; 
pidmSn 3 n. 

Ep. just, late, sufficient, &c. 

ATOP — adv., superne. See Above. 

ATROCIOUS — adj., nSfdndus, impius, 
scSlSrdtus, scSlestus. 

ATROCITY — subst., f acinus 3 n. ; 
sc^us 3 n. ; n?fds, indec. 

Ep. unsi^eakable, dire, unheard of, 
impious, &c. 

ATTACH, to — V. act. = to join, jingo 
3 ; ddjungo 3 ; conjungo 3 ; ddjicio 3 ; 
ligo 1 ; dlligo 1 ; vincio 4 ; dei'incio 4. 

ATTACHMENT — subst. = affection, 
q. V. 

ATTACK, to — V. act., oppugno 1 ; 
pSto 3 ; dppSto 3 ; dggrSdWr 3 ; lacesso 
3; invudo 3; incesso 3; incur so 1; (of 
a disease) tento 1. 



ATTACK 



( 22 ) 



AUSPICIOUS 



ATTACK — subst. = assault, impetus 
4 ; Incursus 4 ; dssultus 4. 

P>p. eager, fearless, sudden, warlike, 
martial, &c. 

ATTAIN, to — V. act. = to obtain, 
adipiscdr 3 ; consSquOr 3 ; pdtldr 4 ; pdro 
1 ; pdrlo 3 ; occupo 1. 

ATTEMPT, to— V. act., Unto 1 ; condr 
1 ; Inchdo 1 ; iiitdr 3 ; affecto 1 ; moltdr 
4 ; expSridr 4 ; aggrSdWr 3 ; adorlOr 4. 

ATTEMPT— subst. 
(a) effort, 7us?<8 4 ; condtiis 4 ; condm^n 

3 n. ; ludamSn 3 n. 
(fc)_enterprise, inceptum 2 ; coeptiim 2 ; 

ausum 2 ; consilium 2 ; prdpdsltum 2 ; 

orsa 2 pi. ; tentdtn^n 3 n. ; tentdmen- 

tum 2. 

Ep. vigorous, unwearied, bold, lucky, 
&c. 

ATTEND, to— V. neut. 
(a) to pay attention to, owdto 4. 

Phr., a«r^ fctio 3; senslbus imis ri- 
pono (Verg. Eel. iii. 54). 
(&) to accompany, cOmltdr 1 ; sSqudr 3 ; 

prosSqudr 3 (used also with exsiquidg, 

of accompanying to the grave). 

(c) to wait for, manSo 2 ; exspecto 1 ; 
ohservo 1. 

(d) to attend to = to mind, q. v. 
ATTENDANCE— subst., officlum 2; 

nii)ndSriuin 2. 

ATTENDANT — subst, famulus 2; 
m,'niistSr 2 ; satellSs 3 m. ; cdmltdtus 4 
(a baud of attendants). 

ATTENDANT, to be an— v. act., 
mlnistro 1 ; fdmuhlr 1 (Cat.) ; servio 4. 

Ep. faithful, constant, &c. 

ArTENTION— subst. 
(a) in phrase to give attention = to 

attend, q. v. 
(6) kindness, consideration, officTum 2. 

ATTENTIVE— adj., sedulus, promp- 
tus, dcSr, officTosiis ; = listening, auritus. 

Phr., drrectis or acutis auribus ; sus- 
2)eusig aurlhus (Prop.). 

ATTENTIVENESS— subst., sedulltds 
3f. 

ATTENUATE, to— v. act., t^nuo 1; 
uttenuo 1 ; mdcSro 1. 

ATTEST, to— V. act. = to bear wit- 
ncs.s to, testdr 1 ; testificdr I. 

ATTIC — subst., coRndculum 2. 

Ep. squalid, poor, near the roof, 
&c. 

ATTIBE— subst. = dress, q. v. 



ATTITTTDE— subst., habitus 4 ; pdsl- 
tils 4 ; status 4. 

Ep. regal, proud, servile, humble. 

ATTKACT, to — v. act., traho 3; dt- 
traho 3 ; ddduco 3 ; cdpto I ; dlllclo 3 ; 
illaquSo 1 ; cdrrtpld 3. 

ATTEACTION— suV«t. = charms, il- 
iScehrse 1 pi. ; UdndUiS 1 pi. 

ATTRACTIVE— adj., bldndus. 

ATTEIBTTTE — v. act. = to ascribe, q. v. 

ATWAIN — adv. = asunder, q^. 

ATJBXTBN — adj., ftdvUs, aurSus, 
fldviis. 

AUDACIOITS — adj., auddx, audens, 
imprfihus. 

AUDACITY — subst., auddcla 1 ; im- 
prOhitds 3 f. 

Ep. reckless, mad, shameless, &c. 

AUDIBLE— adj., cldrus. 

AUDIENCE— subst. 
(a) assembly, q. v. 
(6) interview. Phr., fundi or Idquendi 

copla 1 ; faeultds 3 f . ; libertds 3 f . ; 

Tenia 1, &c. 

AUDITOR— subst., ailditdr 3 m. 

Ep. unwilling, weary, eager, &c. 

AUGMENT, to— V. act., auggo 2. 

V. neut., cresco 3 ; Ineresco 3. 

AUGUR — subst., augur 3; haruspex 
3 ; rates 3 ; auspex 3. 

Ep. foreseeing, inspired, aged, pro- 
phetic, &c. 

AUGUR, to — V. act., prxdlco 3 ; 
vdttclndr 1 ; auguro 1 ; augurdr 1 ; prse- 
sentio 4 ; prsesdgio 4. 

AUGURY — subst., augiirlum 2 ; omSn 
3n. 

Phr., aves 3 pi. (lit. birds). 

Ep. lucky, unlucky, sure, uncertain, 
true, false, &c. 

AUGUST — adj., augustus, sacSr, sdnc- 
tiis, v?nSrandus, vSrendus, vSnSrdhllls. 

AUNT — subst., amitd 1 (Persius); 
mdtertSra 1. 

AUREOLE — subst., nimbus 2; per- 
haps cOrona 1. 

Phr., surrounded with an aureole, 
radiis frontem vdUdtus acutis (Ov. Her. 
iv. 159). 

Ep. golden, light, divine, &c. 
_AURIFEROUS— adj., aurlfgr, auriSs, 
aurdttlii. 

AUSPICE— subst. = augury, q. v. 

AUSPICIOUS— adj., sScund'us. dextSr, 
felix (of persons) ; fdustus (of things). 



AUSTERE 



( 23 ) 



AWAY 



AUSTEKE — adj., austerits, dspSr, 
acerhus, amdriis, torvus. 

AUTHENTIC — adj. = genuine, q. v. 

AUTHOK — subst., audffr 3 m. ; prin- 
cess 3 m. ; inrentdr 3 m. ; rSpertdr 
3 in. ; cond'Mr 3 in. ; sometimes caput 
3 n. ; fans 3 m. ; drigo 3 f. ; principium 
2 ; of a poem, compSsltOr (Ovid, Trist. 
ii. 356). 

Ep. ancient, truthful, weighty, &c. 

AUTHORITY — subst., imp^rium 2; 
recinum 2 ; pdtestds 3 f . ; drbitrium 2 ; 
dltio 3 f. ; nutus 4 ; (of a god) numSn 
3 n. or mOdSrdmSn 3 n. 

Ep. royal, unrestrained, wide, last- 
ing, (Src. 

AUTOCRAT — subst., tyrdnmis 2 ; rex 
3 m. 

Ep. proud, wide ruling, restrained 
by no law, &c. 

AUTUMN — subst., auctumnus 2. 
Substitute sometimes names of months. 

Phr., pomlfSr dnnus 2, &c. 

Ep. rich, glowing, lx)unteous, olive- 
bearing, grape-tearing, apple-bearing, 
late, forerunner of winter, &c. 

AUTUMNAL — ■ adj., autumnus, au- 
tmanalls. 

AVAIL, to — V. neut. — to be of use, 
prdsum, irr. ; vulSo 2 ; jum 1 ; proftcio 
3 ; dttXnSo 2. 

Phr., What avails it me ? quo mild ? 
(Ov. Her. iv. 157.) Cf. also nil HScates 
sacra pdfentis agunt (Ov. Her. xii. 168) ; 
ecquid ago prUclhus (xv. 207) : so too 
Am. ii. ly, 7 ; iii. 4, 41. 

AVALANCHE— subst. Phr., IdpsE 
nives 3 pi. ; Idpsa nix 3 f . ; ntvU Idpsus 4 ; 
perhaps torrens 3 m. 

Ep. headlong, destructive, sudden, 
&c. 

AVARICE — subst., avdrltlu 1 ; avdri- 
tles 5. 

Phr., luerl, auri amSr (3 m.) ; fames 
3 f. ; cupido 3 f., &c. 

Ep. sordid, accursed, hated, wicked, 
&c. 

AVARICIOUS— adj., avdriis. 

Phr., lucri studlosus, cSpidus, &c. 

AVAUNT! — interj. Phr., i prdcul, 
prdcul gs. 

AVENGE, to — V. act., vindlco 1 ; 
uleUeor 3 ; ji^nio 4 (Prop.). 

Phr., poends exsSqudr 3 ; rSposco 3. 



AVENGER— subst., ultSr 3 m. ; vin- 
dex 3 m. 

Ep. just, warlike, frenzied, full of 
wrath, &c. 

AVENUE— subst. 
(a) approach, q. v. 
(ft) of trees, perhaps sdltiis 4 ; silva 1 ; 

ordo 3 m. ; sSrles 5. 

Ep. long, arching, shady, ancient, 
&c. 

AVER, to — V. act. = to affirm, q. v. 

AVERSE — adj., dversus, infensus, 
alienus, tnimiciis. 

AVERSION— subst. = hatred, q. v. 

AVERT, to — v. act., dverto 3; drcio 
2; prdhlMo 2; pello 3; defendo 3; a 
bad omen, ISvo 1 ; procuro 1. 

AVIDITY — subst. = greediness, q. v. 

AVOID, to — V. act., vito 1 ; evito 1 ; 
fugio 3 ; dversdr 1 ; ex^o, irr. (of a 
blow) ; sometimes carfo 2 (Hor. Od. ii. 
14, 13). 

Phr., avoid speaking, pdrcS, mittS, 
8mlttS, or fugS, iSqui. 

AVOUCH, to — V. act. = to affirm 
q.v. 

AVOW, to — v. act. = to affirm, q. v. 

AVOWAL — subst. = confession, q. v. 

AVOWED — adj . = undisguised, aper- 
tus, manifestus, professus, patens. 

AWAIT, to — -V. act., manSo 2; ex- 
specto 1 ; dppSrl6r 4 ; demdrdr 1. 

AWAKE, to — V. act = to arouse, 
q.v. 

V. neut., expergiscdr 3 (H.). 

Phr., somnum excutio, sdmno exeutiifr, 
&c. 

AWAKE— adj. See Vigilant. 

AWARD, to — ^v. act. = to adjudge, 
q.v. 

AWARD — subst. = judgment, judi- 
cium 2 ; sententla 1 ; drbitrium 2. 

Ep. righteous, unrighteous, royal, 
fixed, &c. 

AWARE, to be — v. act. = to know, 
q. V. = to be on guard, vtgilo 1. 

AWARE— adj., vigil. 

AWAY — adv. Compound with verb, 
e.g. to go away, abSo, irr., discedo 3 ; to 
send away, dlmltto 3; to take away, 
wufSro, irr. 

AWAY — inter]., ubi, i prdcUl, prScUl 
Ss; sometimes in a good sense, perg?. 
pergitS, i, itS; sometimes transitive, e.g. 
away with care, excutS curam. 



AWE 



( 24 ) 



BACKGROUND 



AWE — subst., rSrSrentla 1 ; cultiis 4 ; 
hdndr 3 m. ; perhaps curS 1 ; rellgto 3 f . 

Ep. humble, trembling, sacred, pious, 
&c. 

AWESTETJCK— adj., attSnltus, pavt- 
dus, obstupSfactus, gtupiffdctus. 

AWFUL— adj., vSrendus, mStuendits. 
See August. 

AWHILE — adv., paullispSr, paullum 
parumpSr. 

AWKWAKD— adj., Isevus, stdlidus. 

Phr., parum dScorus. 

AWNING — subst., velum 2 ; velarium 

2 (Juv.); umbraculum 2; cdnoplum, 2 
(lit. mosquito net). 

Ep. linen, silk, cooling, &c. 

AWRY — adv., perhajis malS, or use 
Iniquiis, inEqudlls ; with nose awry, ndso 
prdvo (H.). 

AXE — subst., s^curis 3 f . ; btpennis 

3 f . ; ferrum 2. 

Ep. sharp, two-edged, heavy, iron, 

AXE-WIELDING — adj., sScurlfSr, 
sScurigSr, bipenni/Sr. 

AXIS— subst., axis 3 m. 

AXLE — subst., axis 3 m. ; sometimes 
rdta 1, currus 4, &c. 

Ep. revolving, glowing, &c. 

AYE ! — adv. = for ever. In Eternum, 
tempus in omnS. See Always. 

AZTJBE — adj. = blue, ccerulSus, coe- 
rulus ; sometimes glaucus, virtdls. (Cf . 
Verg. Georg. iv. 335.) 



BABBLE, to — V. neut., perhaps gar- 
rid 4 ; bdlbutio 4. 

Phr., hlieso orS Idqul, balba Idqui, gdr- 
rulus sum; perhaps crSpo 1, hlatSro 1 
(H.) : of a brook, aqua trSpidat cum 
murmurS, the water babbles. 

BABBLEB — subst., gdrrulus, Idqudx, 
multlldquus. 

BABBLING— subst., garruUtds 3 f. 

Phr., garruld lingua (1), Idquax lingua 

BABE — subst., infdns 3 m. f. ; some- 
times pdrvulus or pdrvula. 

Ep. feeble, innocent, ignorant of sor- 
row, happy, &c. 

BABOON — subst., simius 2 ; simia 1. 

Ep. fierce, mischievous, &c. 

BABY — subst. See Babe. 



BABYHOOD — subst., infdntia 1 ; per- 
haps piiertia 1. 

Phr., prima, tSnSra setds (3), d cuius, 
from babyhood. 

Ep. tender, innocent, stainless, &c. 

BABYISH— adj., pMrilis. 

BACCHANAL— subst., BdccM 1. 

Ep. frenzied, full of the god, swift, 
ivv-crowncd, thvr.sus-bcaring, &c. 

BACCHANALIAN — adj., Bdcchicus, 
Bdcchetus, Bdcdieus. 

Phr., Bacchanalian rites, triSterica 
(n. pi.), orgia (n. pi.). 

BACHELOB — subst. or adj., coelehs 
3 m. 

Ep. happy, unhappy, lonely, bashful, 
selfish, &c. 

BACK — subst., tergiim 2 ; dorsum 2 ; 
tergus 3 n. (only in literal sense). 

Ep. (lit.) long, sharp, shaggy, &c. ; 
(metaph.)of fugitives, shameful, turned 
in flight, &c. 

BACK, on the — adj., supinUs, rS- 
supinus. 

BACK— adv., retro, retrorsum (H.) : 
often translated by compound verbs, 
e.g. to give back, reddo 3 ; to go back, 
rSdSo, irr. ; to look back, respiclo 3, 
&c. 

BACK — V. neut. (nautical phrase), 
remis inhibSo (Luc). 

Phr., the hand moved neither back 
nor forward, dextSra nee citrd mota ngc 
ultra est (Ov. Met. v. 186). 

BACKBITE, to — v. act., cdrpo 3; 
rodH 3. 

BACKBITING — adj., invidus, lividus. 

BACKBITING — subst., livdr 3 m.; 
invidiu 1. 

Ep. jealous, mean, spiteful, »S:c. 

BACKBONE — subst., spina 1; per- 
haps dorsum 2. 

Ep. flexible, long, &c. 

BACKDOOR— subst., pGstlcum (H.). 

Phr., postes (3 pi.) d tergo rSlicti. 

Ep. remote, secret, &c. 

BACKER— subst., /aw<e?r 3 m. ; IWud- 
dtffr 3 m. 

Ep. eager, excited, full of hoiic, 
fear, &c. 

BACK-FLOWING— adj., siipinus, rS- 
curren>>, rfUlhens. 

BACKGROUND— subst. Phr., in the 
background, pr6ciil, longe, perhaps in 
prdspectu. 



BACKW'AKD 



( 2a ) 



BALM 



BACKWARD— adv. = back, q. v. 

Phr., water flowing backward, iinda 
(1) supina. 

BACKWAED— adj. = slow. 

BACON — subst., perna 1 ; lardum 2. 

Ep. rich, fat, &c. 

BAD— adj. 
(a) malm, pravus, vitiosus, imprdbus, 

scSlSrdtus, ndcens, scSlestus. 
(h) hurtful, mdlus, noxiiis, rUfcens, ddm- 

nosiis, funestug, exitidlis, pernlclusus. 
(c) of weather = foul, q. v. 

BADGE — subst., inslgnS 3 n. ; signum 
2; pignus 3 n. ; indicium 2; perhaps 
sjjSclmSn 3 n. 

Ep. conspicuous, honourable, dis- 
honourable, &c. 

BADGER— subst., inSles 3 f. (Mart.). 

Ep. tenacious, brave, lurking, &c. 

BADLY — adv., malS, prdve, &c. See 
Bad. 

Phr., badly hurt, gravitSr Ixsus, gram 
vulnSrS Isesm, &c. 

BAFFLE— V. act. = to foil, fdllo 3; 
ludo 3 ; illudo 3 ; deludv 3 ; decipio 3 ; 
frustror 1 ; eludo 3. 

BAG — subst., sdccug 2 ; crumena 1 ; 
pera 1 ; Idculi 2 pi. ; reticulum 2 (none 
of them used by Vergil or Ovid or Hor. 
Od.). 

Ep. full, empty, leathern, &c. 

BAGGAGE — subst., perhaps rnrcinu 
1 ; sometimes fdscis 3 m. ; perhai^s 
pondm 3 n. ; Onus 3 n. 

Ep. heavy, warlike, excessive, &c. 

BAGPIPE— subst. Use tibia 1 ; fis- 
tula 1. See Pipe. 

Ep. shrill, joyful, Scottish (Cale- 
dOn'tus), &c. 

BAIRN— subst. = child, q. v. 

BAIT — v. act. = to put bait upon, 
phr., Jidmum or sera supremls clbis con- 
derS {see Ov. R. Am,. 209, 10). = to 
enrage, q. v. 

BAIT— subst. 
(a) esca 1 ; clbus 2. 
(6) allurement, lllSc^rsR 1 pi. ; bldn- 

dltlx 1 pi. 

Ep. treacherous, deadly, full of guile, 
&c. 

BAKE— V. act., cSquo 3 ; iorrSu 2. 

BAKED — adj., cdctllls; of bricks, 
tostus, adustiis, siccus, dridus. 

BAKER— subst., plstdr 3 m. 

Ep. industrious, skilful, &c. 



BALANCE — subst., Idnx 3 f. ; libra 1 ,- 
trutlnd (H.), tongue of balance ; exdmSn 
3n. 

Ep. even, just, movable, &c. 

BALANCE— V. act. 
(a) lihro 1. 
(6) to compensate, rependo 3 ; mqud 1 ; 

compenso 1 ; penso 1. 

BALCONY— subst. Use portlcus 4 f. ; 
umbra 1. 

Ep. cool, facing south, lofty, &c. 

BALD — adj., cdlvUs, levls, nudus, 
glahSr (hairless). = unadorned, Inor- 
ndttis, simplex. 

BALDNESS— subst., culva 1 (Mart.) ; 
cdlvlttes 5 (no poetical authority). 

Ep. smooth, old man's (sSnills) in- 
creasing, &c. 

BALDRIC — subst. = belt, q. v. 

BALE— subst. 
(a) bundle, sdrclna 1 ; fdscis 3 m. ; 

pondus 3 n. ; 6nus 3 n. 

Ep. heavy, precious, diflicult, &c. 
(6) loss, damnum 2 ; perntcies 5 ; malum 

2 ; ruina 1 ; pestis 3 f . ; exlttum 2 ; 

fdtum 2 ; strdges 3 f. Cf. also TristS 

lupus stabaiis (Verg. Ed. iii. 80). 

Ep. dire, grievous, lasting, &c. 

BALEFUL— adj. = bad, q. v. 

BALL — subst. 
(a) pila 1 (small ball) ; follts 3 m. (in- 
flated ball) ; pdgunica 1 (ball stuffed 

with feathers); glomus 3 n. (Vmll of 

wool); a round body, glOmSrdmSn 

(Lucr.). 

Ep. round, light, swift, &c. 
(6) bullet, gldns 3, or gldns plumhSa. 
(c) dance, cli6rus 2 ; chOrea 1. 

Ep. nocturnal, bright, graceful, &c. 

BALLAD — subst. = song, q. v. 

BALLAST — subst., sabUrrd 1 ; per- 
haps pondus 3 n. 

Ep. heavy, worthless, close-packed, 
&c. 

BALLOON — subst., perhaps curriis 4 ; 
dSrius, voldns, vGldtllis. 

BALLOT — subst. = vote, suffrdglum 2 ; 
cdlculus 2. 

BALLOT-BOX— subst., urnd 1; cdl- 
culus 2. 

Ep. doubtful, lucky, unlucky, capa- 
cious, &c. 

BALM — subst. 
(a) perfume, unguentum 2 ; bdlsamum 

2 ; dpdbdUamd n. pi. (Mart.) ; mdldbS- 



balm-cricke:t 



( 26 ) 



BARB 



thrum 2; dddr 3 m. ; amomum 2; 

nardus 2 ; mSllsphyllum 2 (the plant 

"balm"). 

Ep. scented, precious, Eastern, &c. 
(h) medicine, mSdlcina 1 ; mfdlcdmSn 

8 n. ; ISvdmSn 3 n. ; lenimSn 3 n. 

Ep. soothing, health-giving, power- 
ful, &c. 

BALM-CEICKET— subst., grillus 2. 

Ep. noisy, sunny, mem', &c. 

BALMY — adj. = fragrant, q. v. 

BALSAM — subst. = balm, q. v. 

BALUSTEADE— subst., perhaps cd-. 
luinnx 1 ; portlcus i f. 

Ep. long, marble, curved, &c. 

BAMBOO — subst., calamus 2 ; arundo 
3 f. ; cdnnd 1. 

Ep. tall, light. Eastern, Indian, &c. 

BAN — subst. = curse, q. v. 

BAN, to — V. act. =to curse, q. v. 

BAND— subst. 
{(() a company, turha 1 ; caferva 1 ; 

editors 3 f. ; coitus i ; luanus 4 f . ; 

agmSn 3 n. ; frSquenlld 1 ; cuncursus 4 ; 

grex 3 m. ; chSrus 2 ; gloliis 2. 

Ep. small, great, weak, powerful, 
warlike, faithful, treacherous, &c. 

(b) a tie, vinculum or vindum 2; llga- 
mSn 3 n. ; copula 1 ; iiexus 4 ; rwdus 
2 ; rStlnacUla 2 pi. ; fascia 1 ; funis 
3 m. (lit., a rope). 

Ep. firm, knotted, unbroken, &c. 

(c) a head-band, infula 1 ; vltta 1 ; 
tmnla 1 ; rSdlmiculum 2. 

Ep. sacred, womanly, woollen, silky, 
&c. 

BAND, to — V. act. = to associate, q. v. 

BANDED — adj., cdnjurdtiis, soclus. 

BANDIT — subst., latro 3 m. ; prxdo 
3 m. 

Ep. lx)ld, lurking, remorseless, greed v, 
&c. 

BANDY, to — V. act. = to exchange. 

I'hr., to bandv words, verba jdctarS. 

BANDY-LEGGED — adj., iorlpes 3 
(Juv.), varus; knock-kneed (H.), vatiUs 
(IVIart.). 

BANE— subst. = bale Qi), q. v. 

BANEFUL- adj. = bad (6). q. v. 

BANG, to — v. act. = to Iteat, q. v. 

BANISH, to — V. act., ejiclo 3; pello 
3 ; expeUd 3 ; rSlego 1 ; ahigo 3 ; ex- 
cutio 3, of fear, &c. ; resoled 3, of care, 
fear. &c. So also expSdlo \ (Hor. Od. i. 
22, 11); exlmo 3 (Hor. Od. iii. 14, 14). 



BANISHED — adj., putsUs, expuUUs, 
fugdtus, exdctus, abdctiis, actus, ejectus; 
often extorris, txiil, prdfugiis. 

BANK— subst. 
(«) of a river, rlpa 1 ; ora 1 ; mdrgo 

3 m. f. ; littus 3 n. 

Ep. steep, smooth, grassy, reedy, &c. 

(5) mound, dggSr 3 m. ; cumUlus 2 ; 
acervus 2. 

Ep. grassy, liigh, overgrown with 
shrubs, &c. 

(c) of oars, ordo 3 m. ; series 5 ; per- 
haps trdnstra n. pi. ; scdmnum 2. 
Ep. equal, double, triple, &c. ; naval, 

&c. 

(d) for money, tuberna 1 ; perhaps 
viensa 1, thesaurus 2. 

Ep. rich, .safo, &c. 

BANKRUPT— adj. TTse perditHs. 

BANNER — subst., vexillum2; stgnum 
2 ; a Roman banner, dqulla 1 ; perhaps 
maruplih 2. 

Ep. warlike, uplifted, gilded, &c. 

BANQUET — subst., dapes_^ pi. ,• 
Spulx 1 ; convlvld n. jjI. ; ccejia 1 ; 
mensa 1. 

Ep. royal, sumptuous, simple, noc- 
turnal, &c. 

BANQUET, to— V. neut. = to feast, 
Sptddr 1. 

Phr., convivTa, SpUlds, ddpes, paro 1, 
cSlebro 1, Instituo 3, &c. 

BANQUET-HALL — subst., dTda 1 ; 
atrium 2. 

Ep. spacious, high, royal, marble, 
decked with columns, gold, &c. 

BANQUETER— subst., conviva 1 m. 

Ep. hunorry, satisfied, jovous, &c. 

BANTER, " to— V. act. = to ridicule, 
q. V. 

BANTER— subst. = ridicule, q^v. 

BANYAN — subst., ftcus 2 IndXcS 
(Pliny). 

BAPTIZE, to — V. act. = to steep, 
tlngud 3 ; spdrgo 3 ; ddspergo 3. 

BAR — subst. 
(a) a lx)lt, obex 3 ; i-ectis 3 m. ; sSra 1. 

Ep. iron, unbroken, hard, &c. 

(6) a harliKJur bar, express by harbour, 
shallows, &c. 

; BAR, to — V. act., claudO 3 ; prsecludo 
3 ; obstruo 3 ; prmstruo 3. 
Phr., sSram obduco 3. 
BARB — subst. = horse, q. v. 



BARB 



I 



) 



BASE 



BABB — subst. = a hooked point, 
cuspis 3 f . ; uncus 2 ; hdmus 2. 

Ep. curved, sliari), wounding (^vul- 
nificus'). 

BARBARIAN — subst. or adj., bur- 
burus, pSregrlnus, externus, perhaps rus- 
ticus, fSrus. 

BARBARIC — adj., bdrbaricus. 

BARBARITY— subst. = cruelty, fM- 
tds 3 f. ; ssevltla 1 ; durltia 1 ; incle- 
mentia 1. 

Ep. fierce, impious, t}*rannical, Thra- 
cian ( Thraclus), Scyt'hian(Scythicus), &c. 

BARBAROUS— adj. = barbarian, q. v. 

BARBED — adj., hdmatus, uncus, 
aduncus, rSduncus. 

BARBER— subst., tdns6r 3 m. ; ton- 
strlx f. (Mart.). 

Ep. active, talkative, flattering, &c. 

BARD — subst., rates 3 m. ; pdeta 
1 m. ; fldlcSn 3 m. 

Ep. inspired, eloquent, foreknowing, 
&c. 

BARE— adj. 

(a) naked, niidus, nudutus. 
Phr., sTnS vestS. 

(b) unadorned, 7iudu8, Inorndtus, in- 
comptus. 

BARE, to — V. act. = to strip, nvM 1 ; 
spulio 1. 

BAREFACED — adj., shameless, q. v. 

BAREFOOT— adj. Phr., nudo pMS, 
nuddtis pMlbus, mSro pSdS (Juv.) 

BAREHEADED— adj. Plir., nudus 
caput, bare as to the head, nuddto 
cupitS, caput delectus. 

BARELEGGED— adj. Phr., nudus 
crura, bare as to the legs, nudls or 
nuddtis cruribus. 

BARELY — adv. = scarcely, vix, xgre. 

BARGAIN, to — V. neut., paciscdr 3 ; 
pdiujo 3 (only in perfect pSplgi). 

BARGAIN — subst., pdctum 2 ; fccdus 
3 n. ; sometimes perhaps lex 3 i.; con- 
ditio 3 f . 

Ep. just, unjust, lasting, brief, &c. 

BARGE — subst., cymba 1 ; lintgr 3 f. 

Ep. black, gilded, broad, gliding, &c. 

BARK, to — V. neut., Idtro 1. 

BARK— subst. 
(a) of a dog, Idtrdtus -t. 

Ep. hoarse, repeated, eager, &c. 
(6) of a tree, cortex 3 m. ; llbSr 2. 

Ep. smooth, rough, hard, mo.ssy, &c. 

(c) a ship, q. v. 



BARKER— subst., (of a dog) Idtra- 
tSrS. 

BARLEY — subst., hordSum 2 (use 
plural); pearl barley, pSlenta 1. 

Ep. yellow, summer, &c. 

BARM — suhst., ferment um 2. 

BARMAID— subst., dncllla 1. 

Ep. neat, active, diligent. 

BARN — subst., horrSum 2 (use pi.) ; 
foenilS 3 n. (lit. hay-barn); grdndrid 

2 pi. (H.). 

Ep. wide, full, rich in corn, hay, &c. 

BARON — subst. Use equis 3 m. ; 
dux 3 m. ; Mrus 2 ; dSmlnus 2. 

Ep. brave, proud, riding on horse, 
armed, &c. 

BARRACK — subst. Use cdstra 2 pi. 

Ep. martial, full of arms, soldiers, &c. 

BARREL — subst., cadtis 2 ; ddllum 2. 

Ep. new, old, full, empty, large, 
small, &c. 

BARREN — adj., stSrills, infecundUs, 
infUix, jejunUs, inutilts (Hor. Epod. ii. 
13). 

Phr., malS fecundus ; tenuis (cdmpUs), 
Ov. 

BARRENNESS — subst. Translate 
by adj. 

BARRICADE — subst., dggSr 3 m. ; 
vallum 2 ; = bar, q. v. 

Ep. sudden, high, weak, made of 
stones, &c. 

BARRICADE, to— v. act., defendo 3 ; 
munlo -l ; ohstriio 3. 

BARRIER— subst., claustrd 2 pi.; 
rSpdgula 2 pi. ; cdncelll 2 pi. ; often 
cdrcSres 3 pi. m. 

Ep. solid, unbroken, iron, wooden, &c. 

BARRISTER— subst., patronus 2. 

Ep. eloquent, bold, loyal, &c. 

BARROW — subst. = a sepulchral 
mound, tumulus 2 ; sSpulclirum 2 ; bus- 
turn 2. 

Ep. grassy, sad, piled up, &c. 

BARTER — v. act., muto 1 ; paciscdr 
3; per muto 1; rSparo 1. 

BASALT — subst. Use adamds 3 m. ; 
mdrmSr 3 n. ; sdxum 2 ; lapis 3 m. ; 
sllex 3 f . 

Ej). solid, unbroken, &c. 

BASE — subst., pes 3 m. ; funddm^n 

3 n. ; funddmentum 2. 

Phr.. the base of a mountain, imiis 
mons (3 m.), rddlces (3 pi. f.) mantis. 
Ep. lowest, solid, fixed, tottering, &c. 



BASE 



( 28 ) 



BAY 



BASE — adj., turpls, Inlidnestus, pU- 
dendus, sordldus, infdmis, prdbrosus, in- 
dignus, fcedtis, indScorus, iiidScdr (of 
persons). 

BASE-BOBN — adj., humllls, Ignotus. 

Plir., ignoto sdngulnS ndtus, ignoti 
gSnSrU. 

BASELESS — adj., vdnus, Indnts, fal- 
8U8, /ictus. 

BASELT — adv., turpltSr, turplus 
(comp.) foede. 

Phr., non hSnS. 

BASENESS— subst., sord^s 3 f. pi.; 
dedScus 3 n. ; iiequltla 1 ; fiaglttum 2 ; 
vitium 2. 

Ep. unworthy, foul, infamous, &c. 

BASHFUL — ^adj. = abashed (a), q. v. 

BASHFTJLNESS— subst., pudOr 3 m. ; 
Tuh&r 3 m. 

Ep. youthful, becoming, foolish, &c. 

BASILISK — subst., h&slllscus (Lu- 
can). Use also serpens 3 m., dnguts 
3 m., edlubgr 2. 

Ep. fearful, deadly, &c. 

BASIN— subst. 
(a) labra 2 n. pi.; pelvis 3 f. (Juv.); 

perhaps aenum 2. 

Ep. brazen, marble, spacious, &c. 
(6) a hollow filled with water. Use 

lacus 4 ; palus 3 f . 

Ep. low-lying, girt with hills, &c. 

BASK, to — V. neut. Translate by 
phrases, e.g. solS frui, to enjoy the sun ; 
soli obnoxitis essS, to be exposed to the 
sun. Use adj. apricus. 

BASKET — ^subst., calatMs 2; qualus 
2 ; fisclna 1 ; fiscella 1 ; corbls 3 m. ; 
dsta 1 ; scirpSa 1 ; scirplculus 2 ; qua- 
sillus (Prop.) ; quasillum (Prop.), a 
large rush basket forming the body of 
a cart. 

Ep. rush, osier, woven, full, empty, 
&c. 

BA8-EELIEF — subst., cxldmSn 3 n. ; 
signa n. pi. 

BASS— adj. = deep (of sound), gravis. 

BASSOON — subst. Use tUhd 1; 
lltuus 2 ; cornu 4. 

Ep. tuneful, deep, &c. 

BASTARD— subst., ndthus 2. 

BASTION— subst., turris 3 f . ; pro- 
pugndculum 2 ; munimSn 3 n. ; murus 
2 ; munimentum 2 ; drz 3 f. 
Ep. high, stone, martial, kc. 

BASTIONED— adj., tirrtgSr, iurritus. 



BAT — subst. 

(a) Phr., vdlucrts (3 f.) qux duclt res- 
pSrS nomSii, the winged creature 
which derives its name from eve; 
Minj/ela proles 3 f . 

Ep. noctirmal, night-faring, shy, &c. 

(b) (for games) ddva 1 ; fustis 3 m. 
Ep. wooden, strong, &c. 

BATED — adj. Phr., with bated 
breath, pressd vocS, presso orS. 

BATH— subst., hdlnea 2 pi.; ISbra 
2 pi. 

Ep. cold, hot, marble, longed-for, 
detested, &c. 

BATHE, to — V. act., lavo 1 ; tingu 3 ; 
madSfaclo 3. 

V. neut., lavSr 1. 

Phr., aqud perluSr 3; perfundur 3; 
mergdr 3, &c. 

BATHEE— subst. Phr., qui se laiSt, 
qui fonts lavdtur, &c. 

BATTALION— subst., Ugio 3 f. ; tur- 
ma 1 ; cunSiis 2. See Band (a). 

Ep. armed, martial, ready, &c. 

BATTEN, to — V. neut. = to thrive, 
pinguesco 3 ; perhaps vigSo 2 ; floreo 2 ; 
nutrtdr 4 ; cresco 3. 

V. act., " battening our flocks " 

(Milton), pdsco, pdstum ago 3, &c. 

BATTEB, to — V. act., tundo 3 ; pulso 
1 ; qudtto 3 ; concutlo 3 ; labSfac'iO 3 ; 
ariSto 1, scanned drjSto. 

BATTERED— adj., lit. participles of 
I preceding verbs. 

Phr., a battered soldier, niilSs (3 m.) 
pugnd, militid, certdminS confectus, Ids- 
siis, Idgsdtus. 

I BATTERY — subst. = artillery, q. v.' 
I BATTLE — subst., pugnd 1 ; prcelltim 
2 ; certdmSn 3 n. ; acies 5 ; Mars 3 m. 
I Ep. doubtful, sudden, long, pitched, 
I fortunate, unlucky, &c. 

BATTLE-AXE— subst. See Axe. 

BATTLE FIELD — subst., drSa 1; 
often cdmpBa! 2, acies 5. See Plain. 

BATTLEMENT — subst., pinna 1 ; 
perhaps munimSn 3 n. 

Ep. topmost, high, &c. 

BAUBLE — subst. = trifle, nugse 1 (pi. 
only) ; perhaps iSvtd n. pi. ; Indnia n. pi. 

Ep. vain, useless, childi.sh, &c. 

BAWL, to — V. neut., cldmo 1 ; cdn- 
cldmo I ; vocifSrSr 1 ; cripo 1 ; strepo 3 ; 
perhaps tdno 1. 

BAY — adj., spddix. 



BAY 



( 29 ) 



BEAST 



BAY — subst. 
(rt) of the sea, sinus 4. 

Ep. curved, winding, retired, sandy, 
&c. 

(b) Phr., " at bay," conversus tn hostes, 
ildversa fronts mlrtax, &c. 

(c) bay-tree, laurus 2 and 4 ; laurSa 1. 
Ep. sacred, evergreen, dear to Phoe- 
bus, poets, &c. ; ApoUinean (Apol- 
linStis, FhabEus), Heliconian (^USll- 
conltis), Parnassian {Parnassius). 

BAY, to — V. neut. = to bark, q. v. 

BAY-CROWNED— adj., laurigSr. 

BAYONET — subst. Use lidsta 1 ; 
cuspls 3 f . ; IdncSa 1 ; lidstllS 3 n. ; pilum 
2. 

Ep. steel, deadly, martial, &c. 

BEACH — subst., littus 3 n. ; ora 1 ; 
arena 1 ; acta 1. 

Ep. sandy, rocky, dry, wet, &c. 

BEACH, to — V. act. Use dppello 3 ; 
subdued 3 ; impingo 3. 

BEACON — subst. Use ignis 3 m. ; 
fldinma 1 ; fulgOr 3 m. ; lux 3 f. 

Phr., nuntius ignis (3 m.), nocturna 
flumma (1), Pharise flammx (of alight- 
house). 

Ep. nocturnal, bright, warning, an- 
nouncing, &c. 

BEAD — subst., bdccd 1. 

Ep. glittering, glassy, &c. 

BEADED — adj., baccdtus. 

BEAOLE — subst.,canr«3 m..;catulus2. 

Ep. sagacious, eager, with sharp 
nostrils, &c. 

BEAK — subst. 
(rt) of a bird, rostrum 2 ; os 3 n. 

Ep. curved, sharp, tenacious, &c. 
(h) of a ship, rostrum 2; perhaps Es 

3 n., prord 1. 

Ep. brazen, shining, menacing, &c. 

BEAKED — adj., rostrdtus. 

BEAKER — subst. = cup, q. v. 

BEAM — subst. 
(a) (of timber) trabs 3 f . ; lignum 2 ; 

tlgnum 2 ; perhaps r&yur 3 n. 

Ep. solid, heavy, oaken, &c. 
Q)) balance, q. v. 
(c) (of light) radius 2 ; jvbar 3 n. ; lux 

3 f . ; lUmSn 3 n. 

Ep. bright, quivering, solar, lunar, 
&c. 

BEAM, to — V. neut. = to shine, 
q.Y. 



BEAMING — adj. = cheerful, q. v. 

BEAN — subst., faha 1 ; phuselus 2. 

Phr., Isetum siliqudqudssdntSlfgumSn, 
the pulse luxuriant with quivering pod 
(Verg. Georg. i. 74). 

Ep. rich (^pinguis), Pythagorean 
{Pf/thugdreus), &c. 

BEAN— adj., fdbdlis. 

BEAR, to — V. act. 

(a) fSro, irr. ; porto 1 ; gSro 3 ; vSho 
3. _ 

(b) to bear off, fSro, irr. ; aufSro, irr. ; 
rapid 3 ; dbrlplo 3 ; tollo, irr. ; dverto 
3 ; eievo 1 (Prop.). 

(c) to support, fSro, irr. ; patiSr 3 ; per- 
pSttSr 3 ; tdlSro 1 ; sOstlnSo 2 ; gubSo 
irr. 

(d) to give birth to, fSro, irr. ; pario 3 ; 
glgno 3 ; produco 3 ; gSnSro 1 ; pro- 
glnSro 1 ; progigno 3 ; enitffr 3. 

(e) to gain, bear away a prize, firo, 
irr. ; consSqudr 3 ; pOtlSr 4 ; dssSquSr 
3 ; comparo 1. 

(/) to behave, bear oneself, phr., me 

gSro 3 ; fSro, irr. ; prxsto 1 ; ostendo 

3. 

BEAR — subst., Ursa 1 ; Ursus 2. The 
constellation, Arctds 2; Trianes 3 pi. 
m. See Ov. Fast. iii. 107. 

Ep. shaggy, brown, western, north- 
em, &c. ; (of the constellation) cold, 
northern, never - setting, guide of 
sailors, &c. 

BEARABLE— adj., tdUrdbilis, tdlSr- 
dndus, fSrendus, &c. See Bear, to 
(c.) 

BEARD — subst., bdrbd 1 ; perhaps 
mentum 2 (the chin). 

Ep. rough, long (demissus), manly, 
&c. 

BEARD, to — V. act. = to defy, q. v. 

BEARDED — adj., having a beard, 
bdrbutus, intunsiis. 

BEARDLESS — adj., imberbis, imber- 
bus, intonsiis (lit. unshorn). 

BEARING — subst. = mien, q. v. 

BEARISH — adj. = uncouth, rusticus, 
agrestis, morosus. 

BEAST — subst., dnXmdl 3 n. ; fgrd 1 
I (wild beast) ; pSctis 3 f. (cattle) ; bellud 
1 (monster): of a wild beast, adj., 
' fSrinus. 

I Ep. wild, gentle, forest, mountain, 
' &c. 



BEAT 



( 30 ) 



BEETLE 



BEAT, to — V. act. 
(a) f€rid, irr. ; percutio 3 ; tundo 3 ; 

contundo 8 ; cmdo 3 ; rerbSro 1 ; erer- 

Mro 1. 
(6) for game, Imtro 1 ; agito 1. 

Phr., saltus indaginS cingunt, they sur- 
round the glades with a cordon. 

(c) to batter, q. v. 

(d) to conquer, fined 3 ; supiro 1 ; ex- 
supSro 1 ; suhigo 3 ; devlnco 3. 
BEAT, to — V. neut. 

(a) of the pulse, salio 4 ; mico 1 ; irftno 

3 ; contrimo 3. 
(6) of a ship. Phr., rento lahordrS (1), 

In ventum niti (3). 

BEAT — subst., (in music) ictus 4. 

BEATING — subst., (of the breast in 
sign of mourning) ictus 4 ; pJdngOr 3 m. 

Ep. womanly, repeated, sorrowful, 
&c. 

BEAUTEOUS, BEAUTIFUL — adj., 
pulcliSr, formosus, vSnustus (Cat.), de- 
c&rtis, dScens, spSclosus, hdnestus, nitidus, 
spectabilts. 

BEAUTIFY, to — v. act. = to adorn, 
q. V. 

BEAUTY — subst., tSnustds 3 f. ; 
forma 1 ; species 5 ; d^cdr 3 m. ; gratia 
1 ; fSnus 3 f. ; cdnddr 3. 

Ep. youthful, modest, godlike, &c. 

BEAVEE — subst., castdr 3 m. 

Ep. industrious, river, &c. 

BECALMED — adj., trdnquUlus, pla- 
cldus, pdcdtus. 

Phr., the ship is becalmed, ndvts 
(3 f.) lisBrSt, ventum rSquirit, fldmlna 
poscit, &c. 

BECAUSE — coDJ., quad, quid. 

BECK — subst. = nod, nutus 4; dr- 
bitrium 2. 

Ep. proud, &c. 

BECK, to — V. act. = to beckon. 
Phr., niitu vSco (1), nutu posco (3), &c. 

BECOME, to — V. neut. 
(a) fio, irr. ; efficldr 3. Often trans- 
late by inceptive verbs, e.g. sSnesco 

3, I become old ; pdllesco 3, I become 

pale, &c. 
(fc) to suit, d^ca (in 3rd i^erson only), 

convSnit (do.). 

Phr., decorum est, non dedScSt. 

BECOMING — adj. = suitable, dScens, 
dSc3rus, conveniens, dptus. 

BECOMINGLY — adv., decentSr, con- 
vSnlentSr. 



BED — subst. 

(a) tdrus 2 ; dihilS 3 n. ; lectiis 2 ; stra- 
tum 2 ; fulcrum 2 (Prop.) ; grabdtum 
2 (Verg. Mor.). 

Ep. soft, hard, downy, beloved, sleep- 
bringing, nocturnal, &c. 

(b) in a garden, e.g. a rose-bed, rd- 
sdrium 2 ; rdsetum 2 ; violet beds, 
vidldria 2 pi. 

Ep. flowery, spring, &c. 

(c) of a river, dlvSus 2. 

Ep. hollow, rocky, sandy, muddy, 
&c. 

BEDABBLE— V. act., tlnguo 3; lino 
3 ; spdrgo 3 ; ddspergo 3 ; fcedd 1. 

BEDAUB— V. act., lino 3; oblhw 3; 
iUino 3; colltno 3; inquino 1. 

BEDCHAMBEE— subst., thalamus 2 ; 
often ciihllS 3 n. 

BEDECK— V. act. = to deck, q. v. 

BEDEW — v. act., roro 1 ; irroro 1 ; 
rigo 1 ; irrlgo 1 ; tlnguo 3 ; mdd^facto 3. 

BEDIGHT — part. = adorned. See 
Adokn. 

BEDIM, to — V. act. = to make dim, 
obscuro 1 ; dhumhro 1 ; cEco 1 ; 8pdco 1. 

BEDIZEN — V. act. = to adorn, q. v. 

BEDBOOM — subst., thalamus 2; 
often cubile 3 n. 

BEE— subst., apis 3 f. 

Ep. busy, tawny, honey-bearing, &c. 

BEE-EATER— subst., merops 3 m. 

Ep. greedy, <S:c. 

BEECH— subst., fdgus 2 f. 

Ep. high, shady, spreading, forest, 
ancient, &c. 

BEECHEN— adj., fdginSus, fdglnus. 

BEEF— subst. Phr., terga (2 pi.) 
bdvU. 

Ep. rich, fat, tfcc. 

BEEHIVE— subst., dlvSus 2 ; dhedria 
2 pi. (scanned dlvdria) : perhaps ctllx 
1 pi. ; cavSse 1 pi. ; priesepia 3 pi. 

Phr., apum ddmus 2 and 4 f.; sides 3 f.; 
limlna 3 pi. ; cer?a cdstra 2 = waxen 
camps. 

Ep. thronged, hot, &c. 

BEEB — subst., fermentum (Verg.), 
but generally translate by wine, cups, 
&c. 

BEET— subst., beta 1 (Mart.). 

BEETLE — subst. 
(a) scarabseus 2 (Pliny) ; black-beetle, 

perhaps bldtta 1 (Verg. Georg. iv. 

243). 



BEETLING 



( 31 ) 



BELIEF 



Ep. scaly, winged. 
(6) mallet, maWus 2. 

BEETLING — adj., prEceps, prse- 
ruptus, ahrujitus, impendens. 

BEFALL, to— V. act. and neut., ac- 
cldo 3 ; evSnio 4 ; contingo 3 ; (in good 
sense) cedo 3. 

Phr., what will befall me? quid 
miln fiSt i 

BEFIT, to— V. act. = to become (6), 
q. V. 

BEFOBE — adv., dnt^, pniis, antShac 
(scanned - -), Slim, quondam, lidctSnUs 
(hitherto). 

BEFORE — conj., dntSquam, prius- 
quam, either of which may be used as 
a single word, or divided into two 
words, e.g. dnt^, Puddr, quam te vWlo, 
before I wrong thee, Modesty. 

BEFORE— prep., ante. 

Phr., before the judge, coram judtcS ; 
before the king, coram regS. 

BEFOUL, to — V. act. See Bedaub, 

TO. 

to — V. act. = to hell). 



BEFRIEND, 
q. V. 

BEG, to— V. 
posco 3; wo 1 
(Juv.). 

BEGET, to 



act., rdgo 1 ; pSto 3 ; 
; prScvr 1 ; mendico 1 

V. act., gSn^ro 1 ; pro- 
gSnSro 1 ; glgno 3 ; crSo 1 ; procrSo 1. 

BEGGAR— subst., mendlcus 2 (H.); 
paupffr 3 m. ; inops 3 m. ; Sgenus 2 ; 
rdgatdr 3 m. (Mart.). 

Ep. ragged, importunate, humble, &c. 

BEGGAR, to — V. act. Phr., inopem 
reddo 3. Use perdo 3. 

BEGGARY — subst., paupertds 3 f . ; 
paiipSrles 5 ; ^gedds 3 f. ; penuriu 1. 

Ep. narrow, chilly, base, «fec. 

BEGIN, to — V. act. and neut., coRpl 
(defect.) ; inclpio 3 ; molidr 4 ; instltuo 
3; often surgo 3; OrlOr 3. Use in- 
ceptive verbs, as mdrcesco 3, I begin to 
wither, &c. 

BEGINNER— ^bst. 
(a) originator, auct&r 3 m. ; conditSr 

3 m. 

Ep. first, ancient, «S:c. 
(6) novice, tiro 3 m. 

Ep. ignorant, anxious, &c. 

BEGINNING — subst., principlum 2 ; 
drigo 3 f. ; fons 3 m. ; capfit 3 n. ; riidi- 
mentum 2 ; SlSmenta 2 pi. ; exordium 2. 

Ep. first, hard, hidden, &c. 



BEGIRD, to — v. act. = to gird, 
q. v. 

BEGONE — interj. See Avaunt. 

BEGRIME, to— V. act. = to bedaub, 
q. v. 

BEGRUDGE, to — v. act. = to grudge, 
q. V. 

BEGUILE, to— V. act., fdllo 3; de- 
clpto 3 ; ludo 3 ; deludo 3 ; cdpio 3. 

BEHALF, on behalf of— prep., pro. 

BEHAVE, to — V. neut. Phr., me 
gSro 3 ; prsesto 1 ; ostendo 3. 

BEHAVIOUR— subst. 
(a) character, mmes 3 m. pi. ; Inddles 

3f. 

Ep. courteous, proud, &c. 
(6) gesture, gestus 4 ; spScles 5. 

Ep. stately, awkward, &c. 

BEHEAD, to— V. act., obtrunco 1 ; 
caput demSto 3 ; demStlt ensS caput (Ov. 
Met. V. 104). Cf. mm 3, used of be- 
heading flowers (Ov. Fast. ii. 70(3). 
Translate by "to cut the head or 
neck." 

BEHEST— subst. = bidding, q. v. 

BEHIND — adv., x^ost, ponS. 

Plir., a tergo. 

BEHIND— prep., pod. 

BEHOLD, to— V. act. = to see, q. v. 

BEHOLD !— interj., en! eccS! dipue! 

BEHOLDER— subst., spectdtdr 3 m. ; 
drbitSr 2 ; testis 3 m. 

Ej). pleased, frightened, astonished, 
&c. 

BEHOVE, to— V. act., dgcSt 2 (im- 
pers.); expSdit 4 (impers.); convSnlt 
4 (impers.). 

BELABOUR, to— v. act. = to beat, 
q. V. 

BELATED — adj., serus, tardus. 

BELDAM — subst., aniis 4; vStula 1 
(Juv.). 

Ep. aged, wrinkled, sagacious, &c. 

BELEAGUER, to — v. act. = to 
blockade, q. v. 

BELFRY— subst. Use tdrrls 3 f. 
Ep. high, mossy, ancient, &c. 
BELIE, to — V. act., dissimulo 1 ; de- 
dScOro 1 ; inhSnesto 1. 

BELIEF— subst. 
(a) fides 5. 
(6) confidence, /('des 5; fiducta 1. 

Phr., the thing is past belief, res 
fidem excedit, res fide mdjdr est. 



BELIEVE 



( 32 ) 



BEREFT 



BELIEVE, to— V. act., credo 3 ; fido 
3 ; confido 3. 

Phr., fidem do 1, addo 3, adlitbSo 2, 
'prsesto 1, sum credulus. 

BELL— subst. Use ms 3 n. Some- 
times, tintinnabulum 2 (Juv.), a small 
bell. 

Ep. resounding, solemn, harsh, &c. 

BELLE — subst., virgo 3 f. ; puella 1 ; 
perhaps ddmlna 1. 

Ep. blooming, proud, &c. 

BELLOW, to — V. neut., mugio 4 ; rS- 
mugio 4 ; hdo 1 ; rSbdo 1 ; fremo 3. 

BELLOWING — subst., mugltiis 4. 

Ep. harsh, repeated, threatening, 
&c. 

BELLOWS— subst., follig 3 m^ 

Ep. hollow, windy, leather (^taurlnus). 

BELLT — subst., ventSr 3 m. ; alvus 2 f. 

Ep. round, fat, shameless (imprdbus). 

BELLTINQ — adj., sinuosus, turgidus, 
turgejis, pleniis. 

Phr., vento tentils. 

BELONG, to — V. neut., sum (with 
gen. or dat.) ; pertlnSo 2. 

BELOVED— adj. = loved, q. v. 

BELOW — adv.. Infra, siihKr, infSrlus. 

Phr., the realms below, Plutonia 
regna, &c. 

BELOW — prep., sGb, subter, infra. 

BELT — subst., zona 1 ; balteUs (gen. 
hdltei, Verg.) ; bSltSum (Prop.) ; clngula 
1 ; clngulum 2 (use pi.) ; life-belt, cor- 
tex (H.). 

Ep. leathern, adorned with gold, 
studs, &c. ; tough, &c. 

BELT, to (a sword, &c.) — v. act., 
aceommOdo 1 ; acclngo 3 ; dpto 1. 

BELTED — adj., dcclnctus, sometimes 
ensifSr. 

BEMOAN, to — v. act. = to lament, 
q. V. 

BENCH— subst. 

(a) scdmnum 2 ; trdnstrum 2. 

Ep. wooden, hard, nautical, &c. 

(b) seat of justice, tribunal 3 n. 
Ep. august, sacred, &c. 

BEND, to — V. act., flecto 3 ; curiv 1 ; 
incurvo 1 ; intendo 3 ; lurw 1 (of a bow) ; 
stnuo 1 ; inclino 1 ; concavo 1 (of a bow) ; 
deduco 3 (of boughs); lento 1 (of an 
oar) ; to bend back, rSsupino 1 (Prop.). 

BEND, to — V. neut. Use se fiectSrS, 
curmrS, &c., or passive voices of verbs 
given above. 



BEND — subst., curmtura 1 ; curvd- 
mSn 3 n. ; flexus 4. 

Ep. sinuous {sinuosus), gentle, 
graclual (lentus). 

BENDING— adj., flexUis, flexlbills, 
lentils, mollis. 

BENEATH — adv. and prep. See 
Below. To think a thing beneath 
me, see Ov. Fccst. iii. 158. 

BENEDICTION — subst. = blessing, 
q. V. 

BENEFACTOR— subst. Use amicus 
2 ; patrdntis 2 ; fautdr 3 m. 

Ep. kind, loyal, true, &c. 

BENEFICIAL— adj. = advantageous, 
q. V. 

BENEFIT — subst., bSngfdctum 2; 
officlum 2 ; inSrltmn 2 ; munus 3 n. 

Ep. friendly, deserved, undeserved, 
&c. 

BENEFIT, to — V. act., prosum, irr. ; 
proficio 3; jiiro 1. 

BENEVOLENCE— subst. 

(a) of feeling, grdtia 1 ; amSr 3 m. ; 
favOr 3 m. 

(b) of act, = beneiit, q. v. 
BENEVOLENT— adj. = kind, q. v. 
BENIGHTED— adj. Perhaps sertis, 

tdrdus. 

Phr., csecd noctS vuguns, wandering 
in dark night; tSnebris oppressiis dbortis, 
&c., overtaken bv darkness, &c. 

BENIGN— adj. = kind, q. v. 

BENIGNANT — adj., benlgnus. See 
Kind. 

BENIGNITY — subst., bSnitds 3 f.; 
dementia. 1. 

Phr., mens hSalgna. 

Ep. kind, friendly, true. 

BENISON— subst. = blessing, q. v. 

BENT — subst. = inclination, animus 
2 ; vdluntus 3 f . 

BENT — adj., flexus, rSflexus, curi'us, 
rScurvus, rScurvdtus, sinuutus, lunatus, 
incurvus, inflexus, incurvdtiis, dupllcdtus 
(of tlie knee), succlduus (of the knee). 

BENUMB, to— V. act., perhaps h^bm 
1 ; debllttu 1 ; obscuro 1. 

BENUMBED — adj., torpens, Iners, 
pIgSr. 

BEQUEATH, to— v. act., lego I. 

BEREAVE, to— V. act., drbo 1 ; spOlXo 
1 ; privo 1 ; vlduo 1. 

BEREFT — adj., orbiis, urbdtus, viduus, 
vldudtus, privdtus, spolldtus, cdssus. 



BKRG 



( 33 ) 



BEWITCH 



BEBO — subst., (of ice) mons 3 m. ; 
moles 3 f. 

Ep. frozen, Arctic, glittering, glassy, 
&c. 

BERRIED— adj., hacclfSr. 

BERRY— subst., hdcca 1. 

Ep. dewy, abundant, autumnal, red, 
yellow, &c. 

BERYL— subst., heryllus 2 m. 

Ep. green, shining, &c. 

BESEECH, to— V. act. = to beg, q. v. 

BESET, to— V. act., ohsltMo 2 ; urgSo 
2 ; clngo 3 ; smplo 4 ; vexo 1. 

BESIDE— prep, 
(rt) =near, q. V. ; beside oneself = mad, 

q. V. 
(b) = in addition to, prxtSr. 

BESIDES — adv., prMSrSd, insupSr, 
supSr. 

BESIEGE, to— V. act., obsldSo 2 ; op- 
pugno 1 ; cingo 3. 

Phr., obsldlonS prSmo 3; dingo 3. 

BESIEGER— subst., obsessdr 3 m. 

Ep. tenacious, ruthless, eager, &c. 

BESMEAR, BESMIRCH, to— v. act. 
= to bedaub, q. v. 

BESOM— subst., 8c6pie 1 pi. only (H.). 

BESOTTED — adj., stdlldue, gtultus, 
inept us. 

BESPANGLE, to — v. act., dlstingud 
3 ; pingo 3 ; vdrio 1. 

BESPATTER, to — v. act. = to be- 
daub, q. V. 

BESPEAK, to — V. act. = to address, 
q. V. 

BESPRENT — adj. = besprinkled, 
gpurms, rvrdtus, irrordtus, madSfdctus. 

BESPRINKLE, to— v. act., spdrgo 3 ; 
roro 1 ; irroro 1 ; tingo 3 ; tlnguo 3 ; 
inddSfacld 3 ; rigo 1 ; irrigo 1 ; hu- 
mecto 1. 

BESTEAD, to — v. act. = to benefit. 

BESTIR, to— V. act. = to stir, q. v. 

BESTOW, to — V. act. = to give, q. v. 

BESTREW, to — V. act., sjydrgo 3; 
gterno 3 ; cdnsterno 3 ; campergo 3. 

BESTRIDE, to — v. act., (a horse) 
SqtiUd 1. 

BETAKE, to — V. act. (oneself) = to 
have recourse to. 

Phr., me confSro (irr.) ad; confugio 
(3) ad ; vertdr (3) ad ; convertSr (3) ad. 

BETHINK, to— V. act., (oneself of) 
rSvolvo 3. 

Phr., in mentem rifSro, ixr. 



BETIDE, to — V. act = to befall, 
q.v. 

BETIMES — adv. Phr., in tempSrS; 
jussd mdturlus hord, earlier than the 
appointed hour; perhaps cUd ; to do 
betimes, mdturd 1 (Verg. Georg. i. 
261). 

BETOKEN, to— V. act. = to augur, 
q.v. 

BETRAY, to— V. act. 
(a) a person, prodo 3. Sometimes fdllo 

3 ; dectplo 3 ; destitiio 3. 
(6) a secret, &c., prodo 3 ; manifesto 1 ; 

patSfaclo 3. 

BETRAYAL— subst., _j)ro*<ro 3 f . ; 
perfidia 1 ; ddlus 3 ; fraus 3 f . 

Ep. base, cowardly, &c. 

BETRAYER— subst., proditdr 3 ; de- 
sertffr 3 m. Sometimes i7idex 3 m.. 

Phr., drcdni or taclti vulgdtOr 3, &c. 

Ep. base, faithless, perjured, &c. 

BETROTH, to— V. act., despondSo 2. 

Phr., feci sponsdlia, I was betrothed. 

BETROTHAL — subst., sponsdlla n. 
pi. ; perhaps pactum (2), foedus (3 n.) 
conjuglalS. 

BETROTHED— adj., sponsus, pddus. 

BETTER, to — V. act., perhaps augeo 
2 ; firtno 1 ; confirmo 1. 

BETTER— adj., mSllSr, pdtiOr. 

Phr., it is better, prmstdt. 

BETTER— adv., melius, pdilus, some- 
times sdtius (Verg. Ec. ii. 14). 

BETWEEN, BETWIXT — prep., 
intSr. 

Phr., mSdlusjuvSnum, between young 
men. 

BEVY — subst. = band, q. v. 

BEWAIL, to — v. act. = to lament, 
ddlSo 2 ; 'ploro 1 ; lugSo 2 ; mioRrSo 2 ; 
flSo 2 ; deflSo 2 ; deploro 1 ; quSrdr 3 ; 
conquSrdr 3 ; gSmo 3 ; ingSmo 3 ; pldngo 
3 ; depldngo 3. 

BEWARE, to— V. neut., (with "of") 
cavSo 2 ; vito 1 ; evito 1 ; fuglo 3 ; dver- 
s8r 1. 

BEWILDER, to— V. act., turbo 1; 
soUiclto 1 ; obstupSfdclo 3 ; percello 3. 

BEWILDERED— adj., dttdnltus, stu- 
pSfdctiis, perculsSs, &c. 

BEWILDERMENT — subst. Phr., 
mens (3 f.) dubid, turbdtd, &c. 

BEWITCH, to— V. act., fdscino 1 ; 
devOvSo 2 ; perhaps fdllo 3 ; deolpto 3 ; 
caplo 3. 



BEWITCHING 



( 34 ) 



BISON 



BEWITCHING — adj., fSllax. See 
Charming. 

BEYOND — prep., ultra, trans, some- 
times supSr, ants, prEtSr ; or use com- 
pound verb, e.g. to go beyond = to 
surpass, 'prEcurro 3. 

BETOND — adv., ultra, vltSrius, Ion- 
glus, ampllus. 

BIBULOUS— adj., bibulug. 

BICKEB, to — V. neut., rixdr 1. 

BID, to — V. act. 

(a) to command, q. v. 

(b) to invite, jubSo 2 ; vdco 1 ; invito 1. 
Phr., bid defiance = to defy, q. v. ; 

to bid farewell, vale died 3. 

BIDDING — subst. = command, jus- 
sum 2 ; mdnddtum 2 ; prseceptum 2 ; 
dictum 2 ; sometimes missus 4. 

Ep. royal, stem, repeated, &c. 

BIDE, to — V. act. = to abide, q. v. 

BIEB — subst., feretrum 2. 

Ep. sorrowful, dark, huge, &c. 

BIFOBKED — adj., U/ormis. 

BIG — adj., magnus, ingens, vastus, 
immanis, grdndis. = pregnant, prseg- 
ndns, gravis, gravidas, fa&tus. 

BILBEBBT — subst., vdccinium 2. 

Ep. dark, low-growing, &c. 

BILE — subst. 
(a) hills 3 f. 
(6) anger, q. v. 

Ep. bitter, black, &c. 

BILL — subst. 
(a) axe, q. v. 
(ft) beak, q. v. 

BILLET — subst., of wood, lignum 2 ; 
stipes 3 m.; siidis 3 f. 

Ep. dry, hewn, heavy, &c. 
BILL-MAN — subst., sScurigSr 2 ; 
hlpennlfSr 2. 

BILLOW — subst., unda 1 ; fiuctUs 4. 
See Wave^ _ 

BILLOWY — adj., Undosus, asstuosus, 
prdcelldsus. 

BIN — subst. Use horrium 2 ; area 
1 ; dsta 1. 

Ep. capacious, shut, full, &c. 

BIND, to — V. act., ligo 1 ; lincjo 4 ; 
necto 3 ; rSligo 1 ; alligo I ; connecto 3 ; 
innecto 3; devinclo 4; stringo 3; con- 
stringo 3 ; nodo 1 ; cdercSo 2 ; cdhlMo 
2 ; impMid 4 ; implied 1 ; circumligo 1 ; 
dstringo 3. 



BIPED — adj., blpes. 

BIECH— subst., betula (Pliny) ; per- 
haps you can substitute another tree, 
e.g. sdliz 3 f., a willow. 

Ep. feathery, graceful, &c. 

BIBD — subst., avis 3 f. ; vdlucrls 3 f. ; 
alis 3 m. and f. 

Ep. winged, timid, swift, tuneful, 
airy, &c. 

BIBDCAGE — subst., perhaps cdvSd 1 ; 
cdrcSr 3 m. 

Ep. wicker, narrow, &c. 

BIEDCATCHEE — subst., cmeeps 3 
m. 

Ep. ruthless, deceitful, unscrupulous, 
&c. 

BIED-HAUNTS — subst., dvldrla 2 
pi. 

Ep. sylvan, rustic, &c. 

BIBDLIME — subst., viscum 2. 

Ep. sticky, &c. 

BIEK — subst. = birch, q. v. 

BIETH— subst. 
(a) being bom, ortus 4. 

Phr., vitx Sr'igo 3 f. ; ndtdlls Srlgo 
3 f., &c. 

Ep. first. 
(&) lineage, sanguis 3 m. ; gSnus 3 n. ; 

siirps 3 f. ; ortus 4 ; drigo 3 f. ; semSn 

3 n. ; gens 3 f. ; dSmus 2 and 4 f. 

Ep. ancient, honourable, low, &c. 
(c) giving birth, partus 4. 

Phr., from birth, prirms ab dnnls, 
tSn^ro ab sevo, &c. 

BIRTHDAY — subst., ndtdlts 3, or 
dies (5) ndtdlls, or lux (3 f.) natdlls. 

Ep. joyous, recurring, &c. 

BIRTHPLACE — subst., patria 1, 
perhaps incunabula 2 n. pi. ; cunE 1 f. 
pi. Or use a verb, e.g. Mantua me 
g£nult, Mantua was my birthplace. 

Phr., ndtSlS sdlum 2 ; ndtdlls humus 
2f. 

Ep. loved, familiar, &c. 

BIRTHRIGHT — subst., perhaps jOs 
(3 n.) ndtdlS,jus (3 n.) heredls. 

Ep. sacred, certain, &c. 

BISHOP — subst., pontlfex 8 m. ; 
sacerdos 3 m. 

Ep. aged, august, benignant, &c. 

BISON — subst. Use bos 3 m. ; fcmriis 
2 ; Uriis 2. 

Ep. huge, shaggy, ungainly, loving 
the plains (pdmpestrls). 



BIT 



( 35 ) 



BLASPHEMY 



BIT — siibst. 
(a) of a liorse, frenum 2 ; lupdtum 2 ; 

Itipi 2 lil. 

Ep. hard, tough, foaming, iron, 
&c. 
(6) a piece, frustum 2 ; pars 3 f. 

Ep. tiny, broken, Ac. 

BITE, to — V. act., mordSo 2; some- 
times mando 3 ; rodo 3. 

Phr., dente prSmo 3 ; lEdo 3 ; bitten, 
admorsus (Prop.) ; to bite back, rS- 
, mordio 2. 

BITE — subst., morsus 4. Sometimes 
use dews 3 m. 

Ep. quick, tenacious, hostile, &c. 

BITING — adj., (of cold) pSnStrabilis. 

BITTEE— adj. 
(a) acerhus, acSr, amdrils, dspSr. 
(6) of words, tonsrues, persons, &c., 

acerbus, dcSr, amtirtis, uspSr, morddx, 

livldus, Invidus. 

BITTEEN — subst. Use ardSS 1. 

BITTEKNESS— subst., dspMtas 3 f. ; 
dmdrltles 5 ; anidrOr 3 m. 

BITUMEN— subst., hUumgn 3 n. 

Ep. black, viscous, &c. 

BIVOUAC — subst. Use excubise 1 pi. 

Ep. nocturnal, wakeful, &c. 

BLAB, to — V. neut. = to tell tales. 

Phr., /Idem fdllo 3 ; arcanum, com- 
missum, prodo 3 ; vulgo 1 ; one who 
blabs, drcdni prodigus. 

BLACK— adj. 

(a) ntgffr, dtSr, nigrdns, ferruglnius, 
picSus. 

Phr., plcS n^gridr = blacker than 
pitch. 

(b) gloomy, ntgSr, atSr, nigrdns, furvus, 
tetSr, f metis, tristis, msestus, obscurus, 
horrendus. 

(c) wicked, horrendus, nSfdndus, In- 
fdndiis, implus, scSlSrdtus. 
BLACKBEEEY — subst., morum 2 ; a 

blackberry bush, ruhus 2, rubetum 2. 

Ep. autumnal, purple, &c. 

BLACKBIED— subst., meriila 1. 

Ep. spring, tuneful, &c. 

BLACKEN, to — v. act., obscuro 1 ; 
^bumbro 1 ; dpdco 1 ; condo 3 ; fused 1 ; 
infiisco 1 (to stain black). 

V. neut., tngresco 3 ; inlior- 

resco 3. 

BLACKENED — adj., dtrdlus, Infus- 
edtiis. 

Phr.,/a(Za mgrufumo (Hor.). 



BLACKSMITH— subst., fabffr 2. 

Ep. sturdy, Vulcanian {Vulcdnius), 
diligent, &c. 

BLACKTHORN — subst., spina 1 ; 
spinus 2 f. 

Ep. bare, early, wintry, &c. 

BLADDES— subst., uier 3 m. 

Ep. slippery, hollow, &c. 

BLADE— subst. 

(a) of grass or corn, arista 1 ; spied. 1 ; 
herba 1 ; culmUs 2. 

Ep. straight, growing, tender, &c. 

(b) of a sword, acles 5 ; mucro 3 m. ; 
lamina 1. See SwoRD. 

Ep. sharp, bare, &c. 

(c) of an oar, tonsa 1 ; pdlmula 1. See 
Oak. 

Ep. broad, wet, &c. 

(d) of a saw, lamina 1. 

BLAME — V. act., culpo 1 ; Incuso 1 ; 
incrSpo 1 ; inerSplto 1 ; cdstigO 1 ,* cor- 
rlplo 3 ; rSprShendo 3 ; drgtid 3. 

BLAME — subst., culpa 1 ; nvxd 1 ; 
crimSn 3. 

Ep. just, unjust, small, great, un- 
expected, &c. 

BLAMELESS — adj., inndcens, in- 
ndcuus, insons, innoxlus, intSgSr, prdbus, 
plus, cdstus, purus, irrSpr^iensus. 

Phr., culpse, fraudls, &c. ; expers, 
immunls, insclus, &c. ; slnS criming, sln6 
labs, IdbS carens, &c. 

BLAMELESSNESS — subst. = inno- 
cence, q. V. 

BLANCHED, to be— v. neut., pdllesco 
3 ; pallSd 2 ; expdllSo 2. 

BLAND— adj. = affable, q. v. 

BLANDISHMENT— subst. = allure- 
ment, q. V. 

BLANK — adj., perhaps Irwps. 

BLANKET— subst., lodix 3 f. (Mart.). 
See Coverlet. 

Ep. thick, warm, woollen, &c. 

BLAEE, to — V. neut., s8no 1 ; cano 3 ; 
strSpo 3 ; perstrSpo 3. 

BLAEE — subst., cldngdr 3 m. ; sffnitUs 
4 ; sdnus 2 ; strSpltus 4 ; can6r 3 m. 

Ep. harsh, martial, terrible, &c. 

BLASPHEME, to— v. act., maiedlco 3. 

BLASPHEMOUS — adj., Implus, nS- 
fdndus, infundas, prdbrosus. 

BLASPHEMY— subst, muledlcta 2 n. 
pl.j convicla 2 pi. ; probra 2 pi. ; op- 
probrla 2 pi. 

Ep. impious, ill-omened, &c. 
D 2 



BLAST 



( 36 ) 



BLOOD 



BLAST— subst. 

(a) of ■wind, flamSn 3 n. ; fldtu» 4 ; 
flabrum 2 ; splrltus 4. 

Ep. violent, loud, angry, fierce, &c. 

(b) of sound, clamffr 3 m. ; cldng6r 
3 m. ; s6nus 2 ; sdnltus 4 ; strSpltus 4 ; 
candr 3 m. 

Ep. harsh, warlike, &c. 

BLAST, to— V. act. 
(a) to wither, torrid 2; uro 3; cor- 

rumpo 3 ; vltlo 1 ; polluo 3. 
(6) of lightning, tango 3 (see Verg. Ec. 

i. 17); /?r?o 4. Ferhaps perdd 3; 

Z«do 3. 

BLAZE— subst., nltdr 3 m. ; splenddr 
3 m. ; drddr 3 m. ; fUlgOr 3 m. 

Ep. bright, destructive, dread, &c. 

BLAZE, to — V. neut. = to bum (6), 
q. V. 

V. act. = to publish, q. v. 

BLAZONED— adj. Perhaps cMlatus. 

BLEACH, to — V. act = to make clean 
or white, purgo 1 ; Idvo 1 and 3. 

Phr., nitidum reddo 3, maculds aufSro, 
irr. 

BLEACH, to — V. neut. = to grow 
white, dlbesco 3 ; cdiiesco 3 ; SIMo 2 ; 
cdnSo 2. 

BLEAK — adj., frigldug, gSlldus, fri' 
gens, ventosiis, inhospTtus, nudtis. 

BLEAK-EYED— adj., llppus. 

BLEAT, to — v.-neut., halo 1. 

BLEAT — subst., huldtus 4. 

Ep. tender, repeated, senseless, &c. 

BLEED, to — V. neut. Phr., vulniis 
(3 n.) sdnguiTiS, cruorS, stUlat, the 
wound drops with blood ; or stlllat, 
mdnat cruSr (3 m.) e vulnSrS, the blood 
drips from the wound. 

BLEEDING — adj., cruentiis. See 
Bloody. 

BLEMISH, to — V. act., maculo 1; 
Inhdnesto 1 ; polluo 3. 

BLEMISH — subst., menda. 1 ; macula 
1 ; vitium 2 ; Za6es 3 f ; n6ta 1. 

Ep. dishonourable, ugly, &c. 

BLENCH, to — V. act. = to shrink, q. v. 

BLEND, to — V. act., tempero 1 ; mis- 
cSo 2 ; commiscSo 2 ; confundo 3. 

BLESS, to — V. act. 
(a) to make happy, hSo 1. 
(6) to wish happy. Use hSnSdico 3; 

Imido 1. 

(c) to prosper, sScundo 1 ; favSo 2 ; jUvo 
1 ; ddjUvo 1. 



Phr., frugum prosp^ra, blessing the 
crops (Hor. Od. iv. 6, 39). 

BLESSED— adj., bSdtus, fellx. 

BLESSING— subst. 
(o) good wishes. Use prices 3 f., 

vofa 2. 
(&) good gifts. Use phrase c^li or 

coelestia munSrd. (3 n.), donS. (2). 

Ep. lucky, well-deserved, &c. 

BLIGHT— subst., roblgo 3 f. ; lues 3 f. 

Ep. noxious, rough, dire, «S:c. 

BLIGHT, to — V. act = to blast, q. v. 

BLIND— adj., csectis. 

Phr., dcul'is cdptus, lumlnts orhus 
(Ov.) ; blind rocks, cxca or latentiu sdxa 
(2 pi.). 

BLIND, to — V. act., csem 1 ; obscurd 1. 
Cf. too Ov. A. A. i. 339 : 

" Quid fOdis imvifrit'is, Phlren, stld lumlna 
natts f " 

BLINDNESS— subst. Use tSnebrE 1 ; 
nox 3 f . 

Phr., eludes (3 f.) lucis, ddmnum (2) 
lucXs. 

Ep. perpetual, dark, &c. 

BLINK,_to — V. neut. Phr., tnalg 
cerno (3), Egre vldSo (2). 

BLINKING— adj., pxtus^ 

BLISS — subst. Use gaudta n. pi. ; 
lEtiUu 1 ; perhaps cceli regno 2 pi. 

Ep. endless, sudden, new, &c. 

BLISSFUL — adj. = happy, q. v. 

BLITHE — adj., festus, hildris, Isetus. 

BLOATED — adj., tfirgldus, tfimens, 
tunudiis, mfldtus. See Verg. Eel. vi. 15 ; 
Ov. Med. Fac. 70. 

BLOCK— subst. 

(a) of wood, lignum 2 ; stipes 3 m. 
Ep. solid, heavy, &c. 

(b) an obstruction, obex 3 m. and f. ; 
claustrum 2. 

Ep. firm, unbroken, &c. 

BLOCK, to — V. act., obsldio 2 ; claudo 
3 ; obstruo 3 ; prsestruo 3. 

BLOCKADE— subst., BysXdio 3 f. 

Ep. long, hostile, &c. 

^LOCKADE, to — V. act., obslded 2; 
drnidoS; c'tngoS; prt^moS; drcumdo 1. 

BLOOD— subst. 
(a) sanguis 3 m. ; crudr 3 m. ; sanies 5 ; 

csedes 3 f . 

Ep. red, outpoured, warm, &c. 
(6) race, sanguis 3 m. ; stirps 3 f. ; gens 

3 f. ; giniis 3 n. ; drigo 3 f. ; fons 3 m. 

Ep. noble, humble, proud, &c. 



BLOODHOUND 



( 37 ) 



BLUSH 



(c) hot blood = anger, q. v. 

(d) cold blood = deliberation, q. v. 

(e) juice (of gi'apc), succus 2 ; llqtiSr 
3 m. 

Ep. purple, flowing, &c. 

BLOODHOUND — subst., perhaps Ich- 
fvOhates 3 m. ; catulus 2 ; Mdlossus 2. 

Ep. sagacious, certain, following 
tracks, &c. 

BLOODLESS— adj., exsdnguis. 

Phr., a bloodless victory, t^ctoria 
slnS cxdS. 

BLOOD-BED — adj., sanguineus, sdn- 
guindlentus, cruentus, ruhSr, rubens. 

BLOODSHED — subst., cEdes 3 f. ; 
strdges 3 f. 

Phr., sanguis (3 m.) fusus, crUHr 
(3 m.) effusus. 

Ep. impious, dire, useless, just, &c. 

BLOODSHOT — adj. (of eyes) suffectus 
mnguinS. 

BLOODSTAINED — adj. = bloody, 
q. V. 

BLOODTHIRSTY — adj., sdngulnSus, 
cruentus, ferus, effSrus. 

Phr., sitlens cruorem. 

BLOODY — adj., sdiujuinSus, cruentus, 
sdnguindlentiis, crueiitdtus. 

Phr., tinclus, mudldus, pollutus, ruhS- 
Jdctus, &c. ; sdnguinS, cruorS, &c. ; I 
make bloody, crueiito 1. 

BLOOM — subst. 
(rt) flower, flus, 3 m. 

E}). tender, spring, scented, &c. 
(b) down, Idnugo 3 f. 

Phr., bloom of youth, flos (3 m.) 
£etdtU, jiiventse, juventutls; sometimes 
perha^Ds cdl6r (3 m.) may be used. 

Ep. brief, early, lovely, &c. 

BLOOM, BLOSSOM, to — v. neut., 
florSo 2 ; vigSo 2. Twice-blooming, use 
adj. blfSr (cf. Verg. Georg. iv. 119). 

BLOT, to — ^v. act. 
(a) to erase, delSo 2 ; abOlSo 2. 
(6) to disgrace, dedScoro 1 ; mdculo 1 ; 

Inhdnesto 1 ; ndto 1 ; fxdo 1. 

BLOT — subst. 
(a) Idbes 3 f. ; lltura 1 ; macula. 1 ; 

nSta 1. 

Ep. dark, indelible, &c. 
(6) disgrace, dedScus 3 n. ; lubes 3 f. ; 

iidtd 1. 

Ep. foul, lasting, &c. 

BLOTCH, to — v. act. = to blemish, q. v. 

BLOTCH— subst. = blemish, q. v. 



BLOW— subst. 

(a) tctiis 4 ; verbSr 3 n. ; pereussus 4 ; 
pldgd 1 ; vulnus 3 n. (only of wounds). 
Ep. violent, angry, fatal, ha.sty, &c. 

(b) a calamity, ddlSr 3 m. ; vulnus 3 n. ; 
pldgd 1 ; serumnd 1. 

Ei>. cruel, bitter, incurable, &c. 

BLOW, to— V. neut. 
(a) of the wind, flo 1 ; spHro 1 ; dd- 

spiro 1. 
(6) to flower, q. v. 

V. act. , 

(a) of a trumpet, Injlo 1. 

Phr., tuba cano 3. 
Q)) to blow out = to extinguish, q. v. 

BLOWZY— adj., rubicundus (Ov. Med. 
Fac. 13; ^. ^. iiL 303). 

BLUE — ad]., caeruMus, cserulus ; dark 
blue, ferruglnSus ; livtdus (of ripening 
grapes), Hor. Od. ii. 5, 10. 

BLUEBELL — subst. Use hpddn- 
thus 2. 

Ep. moorland, summer, &c. 

BLUE EYED— adj., cseruUus. 

BLUFF — adj., perhaps durus, ro- 
hustus ; sometimes Cigrestls, rusttcus, tn- 
comptus, incd)iclnnus. 

BLUFF- subst. = cliff, q. v. 

BLUNDER, to — V. neut., erro 1; 
pecco 1. 

Phr., culpam ddmltto 3. 

BLUNDER — subst., errdr 3 m. ; pee- 
cdtum 2; culpa 1. 

Ep. foolish, avoidable, &c. 

BLUNT— adj. 

(a) not sharp, ubtusiis, rStusus, 1M&. 

(b) rough, plain-spoken. See Bluff. 
BLUNT, to— V. act., hmto 1; r^- 

tundo 3 ; obtundo 3. 

BLUNTLY— adv., libMus. 

Phr., missis dmbdglbus, abandoning 
circumlocution. 

BLUNTNESS— subst., perhaps Itber- 
tds 3 f . 

Phr., mSrd libertds (H.). 

BLUR, to — v. act., dbscuro 1. 

BLURT, to — V. act., perhaps eldtro 1 
(H.). 

BLUSH, to — V. neut., erUbesco 3; 
rub?d 2 ; subrub?o 2. 

Phr., rubor (3 m.) inftcit oru, a blush 
tinges the face. So suffundo 3; tingo 
3; n6to\. 

JLUSH- subst., rubdr 3 m. 

Ep. modest, youthful, becoming, &c. 



BLUSTER 



( 38 ) 



BONFIRE 



BLUSTEE, to — V. neut., sEvXo i ; 
furo 3; bacclidr 1. 

BLUSTER — subst., tumultus i; fre- 
mitus i. 

Ep. noisy, unpleasant, &c. 

BOAB — subst., dpgr 2 ; verres 3 m. ; 
SU8 3 m. and f. 

Ep. tusked, forest-lurking, &c. ; Lu- 
canian (^Lucdnus), Sabine (^Sabelllcus). 

BOAED— subst. 
(o) trSbs 3 f. ; tabula 1 ; tabella 1. 

Ep. oaken, hard, smooth, &c. 

(b) banquet, q. v. 

(c) on board ship. See Aboard. 
BOAED, to — V. act. = to storm, ex- 

pugno 1. 

BOAST, to — V. neut., glorlik 1; su- 
perbio 4. 

V. act., jdcto I. 

BOAST — subst. Translate by verb, 
e.g. He makes a boast of his birth, 
gents superbtt, jdctat g^nus, &c. 

BOASTFUL — adj., insOlens, superbiis, 
superbiens, tumtdus, tumens, mdgnil6- 
quus, magnus (Hor. Od. iv. 6, 1). 

BOAT — subst., cymba 1 ; llntSr 3 f. ; 
lembus 2 ; phdselus 2 ; scaphd 1 ; dl- 
vius 2. 

Ep. gliding, swift, river, black, 
pitchy, &c. 

BOATMAN — subst., navlta 1 m ; nauta 
1 m. 

Ep. sturdy, courteous, &c. 

BOATSWAIN — subst., perhaps ma- 
glstSr 2 ; guberndtSr 3 m. See Ovid, 
Met. iii. 618-19. 

Ep. prudent, cautious, &c. 

BODE, to — V. act. = to augur, q. v. 

BODILESS — adj., perhaps iSniiis, 
exilis. 

Phr., sinS corp5rS. 

BODILY— adj., c&rp&rSus. 

BODY— subst. 
(a) corpus 3 n. ; sometimes membra 

2 pi. ; drtus 4 pi. 

Ep. tender, tough, fair, ugly, mortal, 
vigorous, &c. 
(&) of troops, men, &c., vis 3 f. See 

Band (a). 

Ep. dense, ready, &c. 

BODYGUAED — subst. Use aistos 
3 m. ; satellSs 3 m. ; stipdtdr 3 m. (H.). 
Often translate by verb, stlpo 1 ; cdmi- 
tdrl. 

Ep. watchful, faithful, armed, &c. 



BOG — subst. = marsh, palm 3 f . ; 
stdgmivi 2 ; perhaps lacus 4. 

Ep. swampy, rushy, uncertain, &c. 

BOIL, to — v. neut., sestuo 1 ; ferved 
2 ; exsestuo 1 ; effervesco 3 ; effervSo 2 ; 
sometimes of cooking, madSo 2. 

V. act., c6qti6 3 ; dec6quo 3 ; i»- 

cSquo 3. 

BOILING — adj., Estuosus, xstiidns, 
fervidus. 

BOISTEEOUS — adj., tumultuosus, tur- 
bidus, ventosm, turbdtus, agitdtus, pr8- 
celldsus, immddicus, immSdSrdtus. 

BOLD — adj., auddz, audens, deer, 
fidens, fortis, anlmosus, interrltus, im- 
perterrltus, fSrox. 

Phr., noil timldiis. 

BOLDLY — adv., auddctSr, fbrt'Mr. 

BOLDNESS — subst. = courage, q. v. 

BOLE — subst., truncus 2 ; stipes 3 m. ; 
sometimes robiir 3 n. ; drbdr 3 f. 

Ep. wrinkled, smooth, mossy, round, 
&c. 

BOLT — subst. 
(a) arrow, q. v. 
(6) thunderbolt, q. v. 
(c) bar, q. v. 

BOLT, to — V. act. = to bar, q. v. 

BOMB — subst. Use fuImSn 3 n. ; 
tilum 2. 

Ep. missile, loud, deadly, &c. 

BOMBAST — subst. Use dmpuUE, or 
phrase, verba sesquipSddllu (cf. Hor.). 

BOND— subst. 
(a) vinculum 2 ; vinclum 2 ; catena 1. 

Phr., in bonds, vincttis, cdtendtus. 
(h) bonds of friendship. (See Alliance. 

BONDAGE — subst., servltlum 2 ; vin- 
ciila 2 n. pi. ; jiigum 2. 

Ep. grievous, lasting, unjust, &c. 

BONDMAID — subst., servd 1 ; dTicilla 
1 ; famula 1 ; minlstra 1. 

Ep. sad, unwilling, impatient, &c. 

BONDMAN — subst., servus 2; famH- 
lus 2 ; minister 2 ; pUer 2. 

Ep. angry, chained, &c^ 

BONE— subst. 

(a) OS 3 n. 

Ep. hard, dry, &c. 

(b) dead bones, os 3 n. ; (Xnis 3 m.; 
relllquix 1 pi. 

Ep. drv, mournful, buried, piled up, 
&c. 

BONE — adj., oeseUs. 

BONFIEE — subst. = beacon, q. v. 



BONNY 



( 39 ) BOUNTEOUS, BOUNTIFUL 



BONNT — adj. = beautiful, q. v. 

BONY— adj. 
(«) ossSus (Juv.). 
(b) strong, valldus, robustus, tdrosus, 

l(iC6TtoSUS 

BOOK — subst., llMr 2; melius 2; 
chartm 1 pi. ; vdlumSn 3 n. ; dpus 3 n. ; 
gcripta 2 pi. 

Phr., to finish a book, ad umbilicum 
adduco 3 (Hor. Epodes, xiv. 8). 

Ep. learned, small, light, heavy, 
short, full of wisdom, lore, &c. 

BOOKCASE — subst. Use scrinid 

2 pi. ; fdrull 2 pi. (Juv.). 
Ep. full, dusty, &c. 
BOOKWOEM— subst. 

(a) lit., tined 1 ; Udttd 1. 

(6) student. Translate by verb, in- 

cumbSrS libris. 

Ep. lazy, destructive, &c. 

BOON — subst. = gift, q. v. 

BOOB — subst., rusticus 2; hgredU 

3 m. ; cdlonus 2 ; bubulcus 2 ; agricdla 

1 m. ; ruricSla 1 m. 

Ep. clumsy, ignorant, &c. 

BOOBISH — adj., rmtlcus, Cigrestis, in- 
comptus, inconclunus, rudls, perhaps 
durm, dSlldtis, pinguXs. 

BOORISHNESS— subst., bdrbdries 5 ; 
rusttcUds 3. 

BOOT, to — V. act. = to avail, q. v. 

BOOT — subst., perhaps cdligd 1 
(Juv.) ; cdthuriius 2 ; pero 3 m. 

Ep. high, strong, tough, &c. 

BOOTED — adj., cdtMrndtus, cdligdtiis 
(Juv.), perundtm (Pers.). 

BOOTLESS — adj. = useless, q. v. 

BOOTY — subst., prsedd 1; sp6lid 2 
n. pi. ; rdplnd 1 ; exuvise 1 ; rdptum 2. 

Ep. warlike, sought-for, hard-won, 
rich, &c. 

BOBDEB — subst., finis 3 m. and f. ; 
mdrgo 3 m. and f . ; of a robe, llmbus 

2 and ord 1 ; coiifinld 2 n. pi. 

Ep. outside, doubtful, certain, &c. 

BOBDEB, to — v. act. = to fringe, 
q. V. 

BORDEREE— subst., finlttmus. 

BORDERING on — adj., svbjectus, 
finitimus. See Near. 

BORE, to — V. act. = to pierce, tSrebro 
1 ; perfOro 1. 

BORN — part., ndttis, ortus, gSnitus, 
sdtus, crSdtus; born again, rSnatus; 
born from, progndtus. 



BORROWED — adj., of money, mutMs 
(H.). More generally, as borrowed 
plumes, dlXenus, non prOprius. 

BOSOM — subst., sinus 4 ; grSmium 2 ; 
pectus 3; perhaps dmplexus 4, com- 
plexus 4. 

Ep. open, friendly, &c. 

BOSS— subst., umbd 3 m. 

Ep. brazen, martial, &c. 

BOTH— conj., et, que. 

BOTH — pron., dmbo, iiterquS. 

Phr., unus St dltSr ; sometimes diiff, 
gSminus. Cf. sequHrls dsplciens liuius 
St liuius dquds (Ov.). 

BOTTLE — subst. Use Idgend 1 ; din- 
phdra 1. 

Ep. full, empty, joyous, deadly, 
&c. 

BOTTOM — subst., fundus 2; fundd- 
mSn 3 n. 

Phr., imd palus 3 f., the bottom of 
the pool ; imus putSus 2, the bottom of 
the well. 

Ep. lowest, dark, unseen, &c. 

BOTTOMLESS — adj. Use prSfundus, 
immensus. 

BOUGH — subst., ramus 2 ; brdchium 2. 

Ep. knotty, mossy, fruit-bearing, 
leafy, shady, &c. 

BOULDER— subst. = rock, q. v. 

BOUND— subst. 
(a) border, q. v. ; or boundary, q. v. 
(6) leap, sdltus 4. 

Ep. agile, easy, hasty, rash, &c. 

BOUND — adj., vinctus, cdtendtus, ob- 
Itgdtus. See Bind, to. 

BOUND, to — V. act. = to terminate, 
finio 4 ; claudo 3. 

V. neut. = to leap, sdlio 4 ; de- 

silio 4 (to leap down); irdnsillo 4 (to 
leap across); prosillo 4 (to leap for- 
ward). 

BOUNDARY— subst., finis 3 m. and 
f . ; terminus 2 ; confinla 2 pi. ; liim^s 
3 m. ; lapis 3 m. ; metd 1 ; prsescriptum 
2 (Hor. Od. ii. 9, 23). 

Ep. certain, fixed, doubtful, well- 
known, distant, &c. 

BOUNDLESS— adj. 
(a) immensus. 

Phr., 8171^ finS or finibus, nullo firiS. 
(6) excessive, immdderdtus, immOdicus, 

nimius. 

BOUNTEOUS, BOUNTIFUL — adj., 
Idrgus, mdnificus, bSnignus. 



B0U2?TE0USLY, BOUNTIFULLY ( 40 ) 



BRAND 



BOUNTEOUSLY, BOUNTIFULLY— 

adv., large, bSnigne, abunde (quantity 
of e doubtful) ; sometimes »at, satis. 

Phr., Mnigno, largo, pleno, cornu, &c. 

BOUNTY— subst. 

(a) kindness, dementia 1 ; bdnltds 3 f. 
Phr., hSnlgnd m&niU (4 f.), IdrgS 

manus (4 f.). 

Ep. generous, free, lavish, &c. 

(b) gift, munus 3 n. ; donum 2. 

Ep. royal, magnificent, pious, &c. 

BOUBN — subst. = border, q. v. 

BOUT — subst. = contest, q. v. 

BOW, to — V. act. = to bend, q. v. 

V. neut. 

(a) = to bend oneself. See Bend, to. 
(6) to make a bow. Substitute to bend 

the knee, or to stoop with bent knee. 

BOW— subst. 

(a) drciis 4 ; cornu 4 ; sometimes nervus 
2. 

Ep. curved, flexible, tough, sound- 
ing, deadly, Cretan, ApoUinean, &c. 

(b) rainbow, drcus 4 ; Iris 3 f . 

Ep. bright, many-coloured, rainy, &c. 
BOWED— adj. 

(a) cernuus. 

(b) (of an old man) curvus, incurviis, 
&c. 

BOWER — subst., umbraculum 2; 
thalamus 2 ; latebrse 1 pi. See Akbour. 

Ep. shady, leafy, secluded, familiar, 
&c. 

BOWL — subst., crater 3 m. ; crutera 
1 ; perhaps poculum 2 ; calj/x 3 m. ; 
slnum 2. 

Ep. golden, large, studded with 
gems, full of wine, &c. 

BOW-LEGGED— adj., lorlpes (Juv.) 
= bandy-legged, q. v. 

BOWMAN — subst. = archer, q. v. 

BOWS — subst., (of a ship) prora 1. 

BOWSHOT— subst. Use telijdctUs 4. 

BOWSTRING — subst., nervus 2. 

Ep. twanging, taut, loose, &c. 

BOX— subst. 

(a) box-tree, buxus 2 and 4 f. 

Ep. evergreen, Idaean (Idxus), yel- 
low (of the wood), smooth (rdsllis) 
ditto. 

(b) chest, drca 1 ; cista 1 ; cupsa 1 
(Mart.) ; small box, dnpx 3 m. (Hor. 
Od. iv. 12, 17). 

Ep. polished, capacious, solid, &c. 



BOXEN — adj., (of boxwood) buxSus; 
sometimes buxlfSr. 

BOX-GROVE— subst., buxetum 2. 

BOY — subst., pMr 2 ; sometimes mas 
3. Cf. Hor. Od. i. 21, 10. 

Ep. tender, eager, rash, docile, loyal, 
&c. 

BOYHOOD— subst., piiertlS 1. 

Phr., puerilis Etas (3 f.), tSnSra setds 
(3 f.), primi dnni (2 pL). 

Ep. early, happy, short, &c. 

BOYISH— adj., puerilis. 

BOYISH— adv., pugr'dlt^r. 

BRACE — subst. = couple, pdr 3 n. 

BRACE, to — V. act., firmo 1 ; cdn- 
firmo 1 ; robdro 1. 

BRACELET — subst., drmilld 1. 

Ep. golden, precious, &c. 

BRAG, to — V. neut. = to boast, q. v. 

BRAID, to — V. act., texo 3 ; necto 3. 

BRAIN— subst. 
(a) in literal sense, cSr^um 2. 

Ep. hot, vital, tender, &c. 
(6) the seat of intelligence, cor 3 n. ; 

pectus 3 n. 

Ep. witty, learned, «&;c. 

BRAINLESS— adj. = silly, q. v. 

BRAKE — subst. = thicket, q. v. 

BRAMBLE — suhat, riibus 2 ; rubelum 
2 ; veprls 3 m. ; sentis 3 m. pi. ; spina 
1 ; dumus 2 ; dumetum 2. 

Ep. thorny, dense, matted, flowering, 
&c. 

BRAMBLY — adj., dumosus. Of 
brambles, rubSus. 

BRANCH — subst. = bough, rdmUs 2 ; 
brdchlum 2 ; termSs 3 m. 

Ep. spreading, leafy, shady, mossy, 
ancient, &c. 

BRANCH— adj., rdmeUs. 

BRANCH, to — V. neut., (of a river) 
phr., me flndv. 

BRANCHING— adj. 
(a) of trees, rdmosus, patulus. 
j (b) of stags' horns, rdmosus, drbSrSus. 

BRAND, to — V. act., ndto 1 ; inuro 3 ; 
perhaps dedffcdrd 1 ; Inlidnestd 1 ; ma- 
I culo 1. 

j Plir., I stamp with a brand, slgnum 
j imprimo (Georg. i. 263). 
I BRAND — subst. 
(a) fax 3 ; tEda 1 ; fundlS 3 n. ; torrls 

3 m. 

Ep. shining, fiery, dry, destructive, 
&c. 



BRANDISH 



( 41 ) 



BREAK 



(b) mark of infamy, ndta 1. 

Ep. dishonourable, lasting, unde- 
served, &c. 

(c) = thunderbolt, q. v. 
BRANDISH, to— V. act., cdrmco 1; 

vibro 1 ; ugito 1 ; rdfo 1 ; mSvSo 2 ; tor- 
quSo 2 ; prEcStio 3 ; crispo 1. For 
brandishing torches, see Ov. Am. i. ii. 
11, 12. 

BRASIER— subst., hatlllum 2 (H.). 

BBASS — subst. Use ^s 3 n. ; per- 
haps drichalcum 2 ; adamfts 3 m. 

Ep. hard, shining, yellow (fulvus), 
Corinthian, &c. 

BRAVE— adj. 

(a) courageous, fortis, strenuus, ani- 
mosus, magnanimus, impavidus, flr- 
mus, constdns, fSrvz, certiis, audax, 
interritus, imperterrltus. 

Phr., non mollis, &c. 

(b) fine, spletulidug, nltXdus, vSnustus, 
m^gniftcus, lautus, superbus. 
BRAVE, to — V. act. = to defy, 

q. V. 

BRAVELY— adv. 
(ft) courageously, fortltSr, dcrltSr, virili- 

tSr, auddctSr, constdntSr. 

Phr., non segnltSr, &c. 
(6) finely, see Adjectives. 

BRAVERY— subst. 
(a) courage, virtus 3 f. ; animus 2 ; lis 

3 f. ; conMdntia 1. 

Ep. manly, warlike, rash, constant^ 
&c. 
(&) finery, splendSr 3 m. ; nitdr 3 m. ; 

vSnustds 3 ; superbla 1 ; species 5. 

Ep. proud, elegant, becoming, &c. 

BRAWL, to — v. neut. = to quarrel, 
q. V. 

BRAWL — subst. = quarrel, q. v. 

BRAWLING^ — adj. = quarrelsome, 
q. V. 

BRAWN — subst. = muscle, tOri 2 ill. ; 
lacerti 2 pi. (lit. arms). 

Ep. sinewy, manly, rigid, &c. 

BRAWNY — adj. = strong, tOrosus, 
lacertosus, robustus, valldus, valins, in- 
gens, mdgnus, durus, nervosus. 

BRAY, to — V. act. = to pound, 
q. V. 

V. neut. 

(a) of an ass, rudo 3. 

(b) of a trumpet, sffno 1 ; r^sdno 1 ; 
strepo 3 ; cano 3. 

BRAY— subst. 



(o) of an ass, perhaps strSpltus 4; 

sSnus 2. 

Ep. harsh, repeated, foolish, &c. 
(6) of a trumpet = blare, q. v. 

BRAZEN— adj. 

(a) xrSus, ahenSus or aenSus, alienus or 
aeniis ; sometimes adamdnt^us or ada- 
mdntlnus. 

(b) = imiDudent, impudens, auddx. 
BRAZEN-FOOTED— adj., Enlpes. 
BREACH— subst. _ 

(a) in a wall, phr., mxxnia (2 pi.) ruptd, 

frdcta, perrupta ; perhaps ruina 1. 

Ep. ruinous, falling, &c. 
(6) of a treaty, phr., faedi^rci (3 pi.) 

rdpta, rWldta ; fides (n) lEsa, &c. 

Ep. dishonourable, &c. 

BREAD— subst. 
(a) lit. pdnls 3 m. ; CSres 3 f . 

Ep. wheaten, baked {tostus), white, 
&c. 
(6) food, cibus 2 ; esca 1 ; allmsntum 

2 ; vtctus 4. Perhaps dupes 3 f. pi. ; 

Spulae 1. 

Ep. simple, gained by toil, scanty, 
&c. 

BREADTH — subst., spStlum 2 ; trdc- 
tus 4. Translate generally by broad, 
e.g. the breadth of the sea, mqudra 
Idtu. 

Ep. immense, without end, &c. 

BREAK, to — v. act. 
(a) frdngo 3 ; rumpo 3 ; perfringo 3 ; 

rSfringo 3 ; confringo 3 ; perrumpo 3 ; 

dirumpo 3. 
(6) a promise, fdllo 3 ; viSlo 1 ; rumpo 

3; Isedo^. 

(c) a horse, ddnio 1 ; fiecto 3 ; m^dSrdr 
1. 

(d) the heart, frdngo 3; vlnco 3; de- 
billto 1. 

(e) to break off = to interrupt, q. v. 
(/) to break force of waves (as a rock), 

Idsso 1 ; debilito 1 ; prxdeldsso 1. 
(g) to break slumbers, excutlo 3 ; rum- 
po 3. 
V. neut. 

(a) of day, drldr 4 ; exSrlSr 4 ; dllucSo 
2 (H.); ndscor 3. 

(b) of waves, use passive of frdngo 3. 
Perhaps spumo 1 ; spumescd 3 ; dl- 
besco 3 ; cdnesco 3. 

(c) to break loose, erumpo 3 ; prorumpo 
3 ; prosillo 4. 



BREAK 



( 42 ) 



BRIDE 



(d) of trees, &c., partUrio 4. See words 

under Spring. 

BBEAK— subst. 
(a) pause, vi&rS 1. 

Phr., mdrx spatium 2. 

Ep. brief, long, unpleasant, &c. 
(6) of day, Aurora 1 ; ortiis 4. 

Phr., at break of day, prima lucS, 
mdni, mdnS ndvo, Orients sole, &c. 

Ep. first, returning, golden, &c. 

BREAKER— subst. = wave, q. v. 

BREAKWATER— subst., moles 3 f. ; 
pila 1 ; dggSr 3. [&C. 

Ep. solid, marble, facing the waves, 

BREAST— subst. 
(a) pectus 3 n. Sometimes use siniis 4 ; 

grSmium 2 ; dmplexus 4 (embrace) ; 

latus 3 n. (the side) ; prsecordia n. pi. ; 

cor 3 n. ; pvlmo 3 m. 
(6) the seat of emotion, as " firm 

breast," " tender breast," &c., pectus 

3 n. ; animus 2 ; mens 3 f. ; cor 3 n. 

Perhaps indMes 3 f. ; rnggnium 2. 

Ep. tender, womanly, motherly, 
pious, &c. 

BREAST, to— V. act. = to meet, q. v. 

BREASTPLATE — subst., loricd 1; 
thordx 3 m. 

Ep. brazen, iron, hard, unbroken, 
warlike. &c. 

BREASTWORK— subst. Use munl- 
m^n 3 n. ; perhaps pinna 1. 

Ep. solid, safe, &c. 

BREATH— subst. 
(a) spiritus 4 ; JidlXius 4 : anhelitus 

(panting) 4; unlma 1; flatus 4; dffld- 

tus 4. 

Ep. hurried, eager, &c. 

Phr., to hold one's breath, anXmam 
tSnerS. 
(6) life, vita 1 ; dnXma 1 ; spirttus 4. 

Ep. short, vital, &c. 

Phr., aurds duco 3 ; cdpto 1 ; traho 3 ; 
HoMrlo 4. 

(c) breeze, aura 1 ; ventus 2 ; fldmSn 
3 n. ; fldtus 4. 

Ep. gentle, spring, murmuring, &c. 

(d) of flowers, hdlltus 4 ; 6dSr 3 m. 
Ep., pleasant, fresh, spring, &c. 
BREATHE, to— v. neut. 

(a) splro 1 ; re^plro 1 ; anhelo 1. 

(b) to live, spiro 1 ; I'ivo 3. 
Phr., vesci aura, to feed on air. 
— V. act., (fragrance, odour) spiro 



1 ; halo 1 ; exhdlo 1. Perhaps jdcto 1 ; 
diffundo 3 ; spdrgo 3. To breathe into, 
inspiro 1. 

BREATHING TIME— subst. = pause, 
q. V. 

BREATHLESS— adj. 

(a) anhelus, anheldns. 

(b) lifeless, exanimus, morfSSs. 
BREATHLESSNESS — subst., anhe- 
litus. 

Ep. sicklv (xgSr), deep, &c. 

BREECHES— subst., 6r«c« 1. Wear- 
ing breeches, brdcdtus. 

BREED, to — V. act., ggnSro 1 ; pro- 
gffngro 1; gigno3; crSo 1. = to rear, 
ediico 1 ; aid 3 ; nutrio 4. 

BREED— subst. = blood (b), q. v. 

BREEZE — subst., aura 1; ventus 2; 
fldmSn 3 n. ; fldtus 4 ; spiritus 4. Often 
use names of winds, e.g. Zgphprus, 
Favonlus, &c. 

Ep. favouring, adverse, gentle, vio- 
lent, cool, hot, &c. 

BREEZY— adj. Use phrases, e.g. a 
breezy grove, lucus, quern ventllat dla 
or aura Fuvoni ; breezy elms, ulml dS- 
rlx. &c. 

BRETHREN— subst. See Brother. 

BREVITY— subst., hrSvltds 3 f. 

Ep. Spartan, Laconian, wondrous. &c. 

BREW, to— v. act. = to plot, q. v. 

V. neut., (of a storm) ikldr 3 

and 4 ; cSOrlSr 3 and 4 ; misceor 2 ; surgo 
3 ; glthnffrdr 1 ; densdr 1 ; densSdr 2. 

BRIAR — subst. = bramble, q. v. 

BRIBE — subst., munus 3 n. ; donum 
2 ; mdnusculum 2 ; prStlum 2. 

Ep. base, lavish, &c. 

BRIBE, to — V. act., corrumpo 3 ; 
prsecorrumpo 3. 

Phr., munSrlbSs, auro. vlnco (3), ca- 
plo (3), dmhlo (4), Smo (3), &c. 

BRICK— subst., later 3 m. 

Ep. hard, baked, &c. 

BRIDAL— subst., txdE (lit. torches) 
1 pi. ; nuptlse 1 pi. Perhaps conjuglum 
2 ; Hym^naeus 2. 

Ep. joyous, lucky, auspicious, early, 
&c. 

BRIDAL — adj., jugdlls, coiijugldlls, 
nuptldlls; bridal \(i}l,fldmm{fum (Mart.). 

BRIDE — subst., ndjjtd 1 ; sometimes 
nuptira 1 ; uxSr 3 ; conjux 3 ; sponsa 1 ; 
marita 1. 

Ep. virgin, beauteous, modest, &c. 



BRIDECHAMBER 



(■ 43 ) 



BROACH 



BBISECHAMBEB— subst., thalamus 
2. 

BEIDEGEOOM — subst., spoiisus ; 
sometimes prucus 2 ; mdrltus 2 ; conjux 
3 ; vir 2. 

Ep. manly, handsome, eager, &c. 

BEIDESMAID— subst. Use virgin^ 
cGmSs (3 f .), puelld, &c. ; sometimes pro- 
nuhd 1. 

BEIDGE— subst., pons 3 m. 

Ep. stone, wooden, linn, solid. &c. 

BEIDGE, to — V. act., trajlclo 3; 
jungo 3 (lit. to join). 

Phr., pontS trdjlcio or jungo. 

BEIDLE— subst., frend 2 n. pi. ; ca- 
pistrd 2 n. pi. ; lorum 2 ; hdhend 1. 

Ep. tough, leathern, martial, &c. 

BEIDLE, to — V. act. 
(«) freno 1 ; infreno 1. 
Q)) to restrain, freno 1 ; dfJitb^o 2 ; c<j- 

ereed 2 ; irSmo 3 ; tempfro 1 ; contl- 

n?o 2 ; refreno 1 ; rPgo 3 ; mSfMrQr 1. 

BEIDLED — adj . , cdpistratus,frenatus. 

BEIEF — adj., hrSvis, tSnuls, parvus ; 
of life, bri;rls, cdducus. 

BEIEFLY— adv., hrSvitSr. 

Phr., ijaucls (verhl<'). 

BEIG — subst. = shii), q. v. 

BEIGADE -subst., legio 3 f. See 
Army. 

Ep. warlike, armed, bristling with 
spears, &c. 

BEIGADIEE— subst., legdtus 2 ; dux 
3 m. 

BEIGAND- subst., Za<ro 3 m. ; prxdo 
3ra. 

BEIGHT — adj., nitldus, splendldfis, 
splendens, nlfens, fulgens, lucidus, cS- 
rmcus, refulgens, rddldns, mlcuns, c8rus- 
cuns, prElustris, WurSOlus (Cat.) ; of 
eves, dcSr. 

' BEIGHTEN, to— v. act. 
(o) lit. tergtu 2 ; pdlio 4 ; expdllo 4 

(Cat.). 

Phr., nitldum reddo (3), nlterS facto 
(3). 

(fe) to cheer, h'ddro 1 ; rScreo 1 ; oh- 
lecto 1. 

V. neut., splendesco 3 ; 7utescd3 ; 

lucesco 3 ; fulgesco 3. 

BEIGHTNESS -subst., splendor 3 m. ; 
nitor 3 m. ; fuhjur 3 m. ; lux 3 f. ; lumSn 
3 n. ; juhdr 3 n. ; sometimes cOlOr 3 m. 
(Hor. Od. ii. 2, 1). 

Ep. morning, mid-day, golden, &.G. 



BEILLIANT— adj. ^ee Bright. Of 
eyes, ac?r. 

BBIH —subst., IMrum 2 ; mdrgo 3 m, 
and f. 

Ep. uppermost (^summus), &c. 

BSIM, to — V. act., cdrono 1. = to 
overflow, q. v. 

BEIMFTTL, BEIMMING— adj., (of a 
goblet) spumdns, plenus. 

BEIMSTONE— subst., sulfur 3 n. 

Ep. yellow, living, smelling, smok- 
ing, &c. 

BEINDLED— adj. Perhaps dlscifl^r, 
versicdiffr. 

Phr., mdculls insignis = spotted. 

BEINE— subst. 
(a) sal 3 ; sdlum 2. 
(6) = sea. q. v. 
(c) = tears, q. v. 

Ep. bitter, sea, &c. 

BEING, to— V. act. 
(a) fero, irr. ; dffSro, irr. ; duco 3 ; dd- 

duco 3 ; vSho 3 ; ddvSho 3 ; porto 1 ; 

apporto 1. 
(6) bring about, efficio 3. 

(c) bring back, r?fSro, irr. ; rMuco 3 ; 
rSvSho 3 ; r^po-rto 1. 

(d) bring down = to abase, q. v. 

(e) bring forth = to bear (d), q. v. 
(/) bring to light, profiro, irr. ; det^go 

3 ; pdtefdclo 3. 
(gr) bring up, educo 1 ; educo 3 ; aZo 3 ; 

nutrlo -i ; erudio 4 ; diJc^o 2 ; Instltuo 3. 

BBINE — subst , ord 1 ; mdrgo 3 m. 
and f. ; rlpd 1. Sometimes cgrgfgr 3 m. j 
cr^pldo 3 f. 

Ep. uppermost . (summus'), high, 
grassy, &c. 

BEINY — adj., sdlsus. 

BEISK — adj., vegStus (H.), dgllU, 
dldcSr, deer, streniius, ImpigSr, gndvus. 

BEISZLY— adv. = smartly, q. v. 

BEISTLE — subst., seta 1 ; 'villus 2. 

Ep. stitF, hirsute, &c. 

BEISTLE, to — V. neut., horrSo 2; 
horrenco 3 ; tnhorresco 3 ; TnhorrPo 2. 

BEISTLED, BEISTLING, BEISTLY 
— adj. 

(a) lit. setig?r, setosus. 

(b) horrens, hlrsuttis, hlrtus, Jiorridus, se- 
fo.-'us. 

BEITTLE — adj., frdgllis; perhaps 
i?n?r. 

BEOACH— V. act. 
(a) of a cask, promo 3 ; depromo 8 ; 



BROAD 



( -ii ) 



BRUSH 



perhaps rSllno 3 (Verg. Georg. iv. 
229). 
{h) of a design, promo 3 ; prof^ru, in: ; 
edo 3 ; ostendo 3 ; vulgo 1. 
BEOAD— adj. 

(a) lidus. 

(b) large, Idtiie, umplus, patulus, spa- 
tiosus, patens, ingens, mugnm, vastus. 
BBOADEN — V. act. and neut. = to 

extend, q. v. 

BEOADSIDE — subst., lattts 3 n. 

BROAD SWOKD—subst. See Sword. 

BROCADE — subst. Translate by 
restis (3 f.), sericu, hdmhtjclna picta, 
<icu picta, auro picta; vedes (3 f.) 
Tyrlm, purpurSse ; purpura 1, ostrum 2, 
&c, 

BROIDER, to — V. act. = to em- 
broider, q. V. 

BROIDERED — adj. = embroidered, 

4J. V. 

BROIDERY — subst. = embroidery, 
q. V. 

BROIL — subst. = quarrel, q. v. 

BROIL, to — V. act., frlgo 3 ; torrid 2 ; 
coqiiu 3. 

BROKEN— adj., of a horse, sessllls, 
drtlfex (Ov. A. A. iii. 556) ; of words 
or of sobs, singultdtus. 

BRONZE — subst., ses 3 n. ; perhaps 
piyropUs 2. 

Ep. yellow (fiilvus), hard, solid, 
■Corinthian (CSrinthius). 

BRONZE — adj., serS'us, aen^us or 
iHienSm, denus or aheniis, serdtUs, ErifSr. 

BROOCK—suhBt, fibula 1. 

Ep. golden, precious, curved, tena- 
cious, &c. 

BROOD, to — V. neut., (to brood over) 
incumbo 3 ; incubo 1 ; invujllo 1 ; fuvvo 2. 

BROOD — subst., proge tiles 5 ; prd- 
pdgo 3 f. ; proles 3 f. ; g?nus 3 n. ; 
getis 3 f. ; stirps 3 f. ; silbdles 3 f. ; 
fetus 4 (of animals) ; pulli 2 pi. (of 
birds only). 

Ep. abundant, tender, timid, be- 
loved, &c. 

BROOK— subst., rivus 2. Use some 
times fans 3 m. ; aqua 1 ; Ij/mplm 1 ; 
u:ida 1 ; fluniSn 3 n. ; fluentum 2. 

Ep. tiny, rushy, swift, babbling, &c. 

BROOK, to —V. act., = to bear (c), q. v. 

BROOM— subst. 
(rt) gSnistd 1 ; rdscus or ruscum 2 ; 

perhaps cytlsus 2 



Ep. golden, blooming, Spanish (JSU- 
pdnus). 
(6) besom, scopae 1 pi. (H.). 

Ep. cheap, dusty, &c. 

BROTH— subst., ji28 3 n. (H.). 

Ep. hot, rich, liquid, &c. 

BROTHER— subst., /raf^^r 3 m. ; ger- 
mdnus 2. 

Ep. beloved, loyal, of one mind, &c. 

BROTHER-IN-LAW — subst. Phr., 
uxorls or coDJugixfrdU'r (3 m.). 

BROTHERHOOD— subst. 
(a) Vsti frc'ttcrnum fcedus (3 n.), frd- 

ternus animus (2). 
(&) band of brothers, perhaps convictiis 

4 ; sOddlitlum 2. 

Ep. brotherly, of one mind, united, 
&c. 

BROTHERLY— adj., frdternus. 

BROW— subst. 

(a) fruns 3 f. ; sUperclltum 2 ; some- 
times ndtus 4. 

Ep. smooth, wrinkled, broad, narrow, 
learned, &c. 

(b) of a hill, sUpercilium 2 ; vertex 3 m. ; 
cacwnPn 3 n. ; jugum 2. 

Ep. aerial, steep, beetling, &c. 

BROWBEAT, to— v. act., mln^r 1; 
mlnliOr 1. 

Phr., orS, vultu, fronts, mlndr 1. 

BROWN — adj. VBefuscus or furvus. 

BROWSE, to — V. act. and neut., 
pdscCir 3 ; cdrpo 3 ; tondSo 2 ; dttondSo 

2 ; depd^cSr 3. Browsed, depdstus. 
BRUISE, to — V. act., tundo 3 ; con- 

tundo 3. Perhaps l^do 3 ; pulso 1 ; 
fSrio 4 ; caido 3 ; vulnSro 1. 

BRUISE— subst., livdr 3; often = 
wound, q. v. 

BRUISED — adj., licens, lividus, often 
= wounded, q. v. 

BRUITED— part., (of a rumour) ^•u^ 
gdtus, spdrf^Ss, difusus. 

BRUNETTE — adj., perhajis fusca, 
nigra. 

BRUNT — subst., impetus 4 ; incur- 
sus 4 ; perhaps Idbdr 3 m., dlscrimSn 

3 n., Snus 3 n. 

Ep. warlike, hostile, excessive (fnt- 
quus). 

BRUSH— subst. 
(a) = broom (6), q. v. 
(6) (of a painter), perhaps you may 

use gruphlum 2, or substitute a dif- 



BRUSH 



( 45 ) 



BULL 



ferent idea, e.g. maniis 4 f., drs 3 f., 
cidores 3 m. pi. 
(c) (of a fox) caudti 1. 

Ep. thick, liairy, tawny, &c. 
BRUSH, to — v.'act., rerro 3. 
BRUSHWOOD— subst., rublis 2 f . ; 
rubetum 2 ; dumus 2 f. ; dumetum 2 ; 
vepris 3 m. ; sentes 3 pi. m. and f. ; spina 
1 ; fruticetum 2 ; frutex 3 ni. ; virgul- 
tum 2 ; drbmtum 2. 

Ep. dense, matted, woodland, leafy, 
growing, &c. 

BRUTAL — adj.,/^rM«, efferus, sxvus, 
crudelis, sungulnSus, cruentiis, immitls, 
dspSr. 

BRUTE — adj. = senseless, brutus. 
Phr., brute force, vis consill expers 
(Hor. Od. iii. 4, 65), vis sine legff, 
rations carens, &c. 

BRUTE— subst., fgra 1 ; animal 3 ; 
pScus 3 n. 

Ep. woodland, mountain, wild, &c. 
BRYONY— subst., brpdiila 1 (Pliny) ; 
perhaps Idbrusca 1. 

Ep. tangled, berried, creeping 
(^sSqudx}. 

BUBBLE— subst., bfdla 1 ; (of a 
spring or rivulet) scdtebrE 1 pi. 

Ep. many-coloured, brief, watery, 
&c. 

BUBBLE, to — V. neut. 
(o) = to boil, q. V. 

(b) (of a spring or rivulet) tr?ptdo 1 ; 
sometimes deslllo 4. 
BUCCANEER— subst. = pirate, prxdo 
3 m. ; Icitro 3 m. 

Ep. sea, bold, rash, impious, &c. 
BUCK — subst., cervus 2 m. 
Ep. antlered, forest, swift, timid, &c. 
BUCKET— subst., Mma 1 (Juv.). 
Ep. wooden, full, empty, &c. 
BUCKHOUND — subst., catulus 2 ; 
canis 3 m. ; MSlossus 2 ; Lucon 3 m. 
BUCKLE— subst., /t&MZa 1. 
Ep. golden, curved, tenacious, &c. 
BUCKLE, to — v. act., subnecto 3 ; 
necto 3. 

BUCKLER — subst., pelta 1. See 
Shield. 

BUCKLERED— adj., peltdtus. 
BUCKSKIN — subst. See Leather. 
BUCOLIC — adj. = pastoral, bucolicus, 
padordlis, pdstorlus, rusUcus, agrestis. 

BUCOLICS — subst. pi., phr., j)dst6- 
rum cdrmina (3 pi.) ; bucdlici mOdi (2 



pi.) ; SicSlides mUsse (1 pi.) ; SyrdcSsXtis 
versus (4) ; cdrmSn (3) Sprdcdslum, &c. 

BUD — subst., gemma. 1 ; germSn 3 n. ; 
(a bud inserted) detdus 2 ; termSs 3 m. 

Ep. tender, spring, early, dewy, &c. 

BUD, to — V. neut., pullulo 1 ; ger~ 
mind 1. 

Phr., gemmds trudo 3. 

BUDDING— part. Perhaps IdctenSy 
frondescens, virescens. 

BUDGE, to — V. neut. = to stir, q. v. 

BUFF — adj. = leathern, scortSus. 

BUFFALO — subst., 6o8 3 m. ; taurus 
2 ; urus 2. 

Ep. homed, roaming, of the prairie 
(cdmpestris), &c. 

BUFFET— subst. = blow (a), q. v. 

BUFFET, to— V. act. = to beat (a), 
q. V. 

BUFFOON— subst., scurra 1 (H.). 

Ep. deceitful, unscrupulous, wander- 
ing, flattering, &c. 

BUGBEAR— subst., formldo, 3 f. 

Ep. vain, false, dread, &c. 

BUGLE — subst., tuba 1 ; c&mu 4 ; 
lituus 2 ; buccind 1. 

Ep. loud, warlike, morning, evening, 
&c. 

BUILD, to — V. act., sediftco 1 ; fSbrlci* 
1 ; condo 3 ; struo 3 ; exstruo 3 ; con- 
strud 3 ; munid 4 ; stdtud 3 ; mdliSr 4. 

Phr., to build walls, mdenla ducSrS ; to 
build walls round a city, cingSrS or cir- 
cumdarS mdenibus urbSm ; to build a 
ship, texSre ndvem. 

BUILDER— subst., conditdr 3 m. ; 
muniWr 3 ; pdsltSr 3 m. ; mdUKfr 3 m. r 
fabricdtdr 3 m. ; funddtdr 3 m. ; auctdr 
3 m. 

Ep. first, sagacious, bold, &c. 

BUILDING— subst., ledes 3 f . ; tec- 
tum 2 ; ddmus 2 and 4 f. 

Ep. stone, wooden, high, ruinous, &c. 

BULB — subst., buMs 2 (Pliny), 
usually an onion. Perhaps rddix 3 f. ; 
stirps 3 f . 

Ep. buried, dry, &c. 
BULK — subst., mdlis 3 f. ; mdssa 1 ; 
pdndus 3 n. ; corpus 3 n. 

Ep. huge, giant, excessive, &c. 
BULKY— adj. =_big, q. v. 
BULL — subst., tmirus 2. 
Ep. homed, threatening, &c. 
BULL — adj., fdmrStis, taurinus ( = 
bull's hide). 



BULL-DOG 



( 46 ) 



BUKST 



BULL-DOG— subst., cants 3 m. ; Mff- 
lossiis 2. 

Ep. tenacious, faithful, &c. 

BULLET — subst., glans 3 f. ; gldns 
plumMa, a leaden bullet. 

Ep. deadly, certain, &c. 

BULLFINCH — subst. Perhaps /rin- 
^llld 1 (Mart.). 

Ep. tuneful, bold, &c. 

BULLION — subst., aurum 2; argen- 
tum 2. 

Ep. shining, solid, heav}', &c. 

BULLOCK — subst., juvencus 2 ; bos 
3 m. 

Ep. fat, sturdy, &c. 

BULLBUSH — subst., juncus 2 ; cala- 
mus 2 ; cdnna 1 ; arundo 3 f . 

Ep. bending, river, marshy, musical, 
-&c. 

BULLY, to — V. act. See Browbeat, 

TO. 

BULWARK— subst. 
>(a) = bastion, q. v. 
(6) metaphorically, e.g. a bulwark of 

the city, urbis presidium 2 ; dHUmSn 

3 n. ; tutela 1. 

E]). huge, sure, immovable, &c. 

BUMPEE— subst. Substitute "full 
•cup." 

Phr., pocula 2 pi. plena, &c. 

BUMPKIN — subst., bubulcus 2. 

Ep. rustic, untaught, clumsy, &c. 

BUNCH — subst., racemus 2. 

Ep. purple, heavy, ripe, &c. 

BUNDLE — subst., fdscls 3 m. ; sdr- 
•cina 1 ; 8nus 3 n. 

Ep. heavy, familiar, excessive, &c. 

BUNTING — subst. Use vexlllum, 
slgnum ; perhaps IdnM vexilla, woollen 
.flags ; sometimes purpura. 

Ep. joyous, triumphant, bright, &c. 

BUOY — V. act., sustinSo 2 ; toUo 3, 
irr. ; l?i'o 1. 

BUOYANT — adj., iSvls; perhaps Mla- 
•ris, Ixtus, &c. 

BUR — subst., lappa 1. 

Ep. tenacious, &c. 

BURDEN — V. act. = to load, q. v. 

BURDEN — subst. 
(a) load, dniis 3 n. ; pondus 3 n. ; sdr- 

otna 1 ; fdscts 3 m. 

Ep. heavy, familiar, excessive, griev- 
-ous. &c. 
.(6) of a song, translate by verb Itero 1 ; 

ingSmlno 1 ; e.g. Grief was the bur- 



den of his song, ItSrdbat carmXnS 

luctum. 

BURDENED— adj., dnustus, SnSrdtus. 
gravis, gravdtus. 

BURDENSOME— adj., mdlestus, gra- 
vis, dnfrdsus. 

BURGESS— subst. = citizen, q. v. 

BURGH— subst. = city, q. v. 

BURGHER— subst. = citizen, q. v. 

BURGLAR— subst., latro 3 m. ; fur 
3 m. 

Ep. nocturnal, stealthy, unscrupu- 
lous, &c. 

BURIAL — subst., sSpulcrum 2 ; sB- 
pultura 1 (Propert.). Use also funUs 

3 n. ; justa 2 n. pi. ; exsgquise 1 pi. 
Ep. sad, hasty, nocturnal, &c. 

_BURIN — subst. = engraving chisel, 
codum 2 ; scdlprum 2. 

Ep. skilful, sharp, hard, laborious, 
&c. 

BURLESQUE — adj. Perhaps rldi- 
culus (H.). 

BURLY— adj. = big, q. v. 

BURN, to — V. act., uro 3 ; c&mburo 3 ; 
aduro 3 ; exiiro 3 ; pffruro 3 ; crSmo 1 ; 
incendo 3 ; succendo 3 ; dccendo 3 ; tor- 
reo 2. 

V. neut., drd^o 2 ; drdesco 3 ; 

flagro 1 ; udlilesco 3 ; exdrdSo 2 ; ignisco 
3 ; indrdesco 3 ; incdndesco 3 ; some- 
times mstSo 1, and passive voice of 
transitive verbs above. To bum anew, 
rSddrdesco 3. 

BURNING — subst., ineendium 2 ; ig- 
nis 3 m. 

Ep. imrestrained, neglected, noctur- 
nal, &c. 

BURNISH, to— V. act. = to brighten 
(a), q. v.. j7(T/?o 4 ; expGUo 4. 

BURROW— V. act. and neMi.Jddld 3 ; 
defddio 3 ; cavo 1. 

BURROW— subst. Use ddrniis 2 and 

4 f. ; ciibile 3 n. See Cave. 

Ep. secret, earthy, safe, dark, &c. 
BURST, to— V. act. = to break (a), 
q. V. 

V. neut. 

(«) dlssTltd 4 ; dissuJto 1 ; finddr 3 ; 

rumpdr 3 ; dirumpSr 3. 

Phr., to burst into tears. In lacrimds 
solvi. 
(b) to burst out or forth, erumpo 3; 

riio 3 ; prEcTpito 1 ; ex?o irr. ; egrS- 

dldr 3 ; prdpSro 1 ; festino 1. 



BURTHEN 



( 47 ) 



CABBAGE 



(oof a flower, pullulo 1; germXno 1; 

vig^o 2. 

Plir., flores edd 3. 

BURTHEN — subst. = burden, q. v. 

BURY — V. act., humo 1 ; tumulo 1 ; 
contumulo 1 ; s^pSlio 4 ; defSdio 3 ; 
often compono 3. 

BUSH— subst. 
(a) frutex 3 m. ; vlrgultum 2 ; drbus- 

tum 2. 
(&) = brushwood, q. v. 

Ep. leafy, budding, sbady, &c. 

BUSHY— adj. 

(a) fruticosus, dumosus. 

(b) = thick, spissus, densus. 
BUSIED about — adj., dpSrosus, with 

gen. or abl. ; stiidiosus, with gen. 

BUSINESS — subst., res 5 ; nSgotlum 
2 ; euro. 1 ; labdr 3 m. ; 8pSrd 1 ; Spiis 
3 n. ; munus 3 n. ; offleium 2 ; jura n. pi. 

Ep. tedious, long, unpleasant, &c. 

BUSKIN — subst., cdthurnus 2. 

Ep. high, tragic, &c. 

BUSKINED — adj., cdthurndtus. 

BUSS, to — V. act. = to kiss, q. V. 

BUST — subst.. Imago 3 f. ; slmuld- 
erum 2 ; effigies 5. 

Ep. marble, living, &c. 

BUSTLE, to — V. neut., trSpido 1 ; cur- 

Sito 1. 

BUSY — adj ., sedulus, industrius{J uy.), 
gnavus, dcSr, strenuils, pr6mptus,fe8tinus. 

BUT — conj. 

(a) sSd, at, dst, verum (Verg. Ec. iii. 2). 

(b) except, nisi, prxtSr (prep.). 

BUT — adv. = only, e.g. he loved but 
one, solum, tdntum, non nisi. 

BUTCHER, to — V. act., trucldo \'' 
ciedo 3 ; jugulo 1 ; lanlo 1 ; lacSro 1 ; 
dildnio 1 ; dilacSro 1 ; obtruneo 1 ; n^co 

1 ; occldo 3. 

BUTCHER — subst., lunius 2 (Mart.; 
H.). Metaphorically, edrnlfex 3 m. 
Ep. sturdy, ruthless, &c. 
BUTCHERSBROOM — subst., ruscum 

2 ; gSnistd 1 ; perha^js cytisus 2. 
Ep. yellow, spring, &c. 
BUTCHERY — subst., cxdes 3 f. ; 

strdges 3 f. ; sdnguis 3 m. ; clddes 3 f. 
Ep. impious, unjust, dire, &c. 
BUTLER— subst., promus (H.). 
BUTT — subst., cadus 2 ; dolium 2. 
Ep. full, capacious, old, &c. 
BUTT, to — V. act. and neut., arlSto 1 
scanned drjeto) ; pSto 3. 



Phr., cornufgrto 4. See Attack, to. 

BUTTERCUP— subst. Perhaps maZra 
1 (Mart.). 

Ep. yellow, &c. 

BUTTERFLY— subst., pdpilio 3 m. ; 
perhajis musca 1. 

Ep. winged, of divers hues (versi- 
ciddr), flying, golden, &c. 

BUTTERMILK— subst., sSrum 2. 

BUTTING— adj., pStulcus. 

BUTTON — subst. Perhaps bulla 1 
(in a girdle, &c.), Verg. Aen. xii. 942. 

BUTTRESS— subst., fulcim^n 3 n. ; 
firmdmSn 3 n. 

Ep. solid, unmoved, &c. 

BUXOM— adj. 

(a) elastic, e.g. the buxom air, llquldus 
either 3 m. 

(b) gay, hllaris, jucundiis, grdtus, comis, 
festus, facilis, jScosus. 

BUY, to — V. act., Sm3 3 ; cdSma 3 ; 
mercdr 1 ; pard 1 ; comparo 1. 

BUYER— subst., emptdr 3 m. 

BUZZ, to — V. neut., musso 1 ; susurro 
1 ; stridSo 2. 

BUZZ — subst., strldSr 3 m. ; sdnus 2 ; 
sdnitus 4. 

Ep. repeated, busy, merciless (im- 
prdbus'). 

BY — adv. = near, q. v. 

BY — prep. 

(a) = near, q. v. 

(b) expressing the agent, a or ab. 

(c) expressing tlie instrument, &c., 
e.g. by the sword, not translated in 
Latin. 

BYGrONE — adj. = past, lapsus, prx- 
tSrltus, dnteactus, dctus, exdctus. 

BYPATH — subst., semttd 1 ; tramps 
3 m. ; cdllis 3 m. 

Ep. steep, narrow, flowery, secluded, 
&c. 

BYRE — subst., stabulum 2 ; praesepS 
3n. 

Ep. familiar, full, &c. 

BYSTANDER — subst. Use imrt. dd- 
stdiis ; for plur. cdrona 1 ; coetus 4 ; 
turba 1, &c. 

BYWORD — subst. Perhaps ludt- 
brium 2. 



CABBAGE— subst.^^MS 3 n. (H.); 
brdssicd 1 (Prop.) ; eaults 3 m. (H.). 



CABIN 



( 48 ) 



CAN 



Ep. fresh, cheap, &c. 

CABIN— Bubst. 
(«) cottage, casa 1. 
(b) (in a ship). Substitute seat, bed, 

recess, &c. 

CABINET — subst., area 1 ; clda 1. 

CABLE — subst.,/M»r8 3 m. ; vinclum 
2 ; vinculum 2 ; rwrfews 3 m. 

Phr., linum tortum. 

Ep. strong, taut, loose, &c. 

CACKLE, to — V. neut., strSpo 3. 

CACKLING — subst., sMpUus 4. 

Ep. incessant, joyous, loud, &c. 

CADENCE — subst. Use mddl 2 ; nU- 
mSri 2. 

Ep. tuneful, soothing, &c. 

CAGE — subst., cuvSa 1 ; career 3 m. 

Ep. osier, closed, unpleasant, &c. 

CAISN — subst., tumulug 2 ; adrviis 2. 

Ep. mountain, rain- wetted, conspi- 
cuous, &c. 

CAITIFF — subst. Perhaps fUrclfSr 
2 (H.) ; perditus 2 ; fur 3 m. 

CAJOLE, to — V. act. = to beguile, 
q. V. 

CAKE — subst., lihum 2. Perhaps 
offal. 

Ep. steaming, honey, sweet, &c. 

CALAMITOUS— adj. (of things only) 
iitfaudus, exitlalls, lacrimosus, Idmentd- 
bilis, flebills, lugubris, pernlcloms, fu- 
nestus. 

CALAMITY — subst., clddes 3 f. ; pes- 
tls 3 f . ; csedes 3 f. ; ruina 1 ; exittum 2 ; 
pernlcies 5 ; mala 2 n. pi. ; ddversa 2 
n. pi. 

Ep. sudden, undeserved, fatal, &c. 

CALCULATE, to — v. act., num^ro 1 ; 
dlnumfro 1 ; eestlmo 1. 

CALCULATIONS — subst., numirl2i>\. 
(Hor. Od. i. 11, 3). 

CALDBON — subst., lebes 3 m. ; ahe- 
num 2 ; ses Sn. 

Ep. brazen, hot, magic, &c. 

CALF — subst. 

(a) (the animal) vitulus 2 ; juvencUs 2. 
Ep. tender, joyous, &c. 

(b) (of the leg) sura 1. 
CALL, to — V. act. 

(a) to name, vSco 1 ; nomtno 1 ; dppello 

1 ; died 3 ; nuncupo 1. 

Phr., I am called, i.e. named, audio 

4 ; e.g. prodltdr (3 m.) midls, you are 

called traitor. 



(6) to summon, vdeo 1 ; ddvdeo 1 ; con- 
v6eo 1 ; dreesso 3 ; el^o 2. 

(c) I call to witness, testdr 1 ; cUo 1 ; 
obtestdr 1. 

(d) I call back, revdeo 1. 

(e) I call to mind = to recollect, q. v. 
(/) I call uix)n = I invoke, q. v. 

Ig) I call in question = I doubt, q. v. 
(Ji) to call aside, sevSed 1. 

CALLING — subst. = profession, mi- 
nus 3 n. ; mlnistSrium 2 ; pdrtes 3 f . pi. T 
vices 3 f. pi. 

Ep. noble, sad, difficult, &c. 

CALLOUS^ — adj., durus, immttts, im- 
mlsffrdbllis, rlgldm, lentus. 

Phr., nescld fleeti pectdra (3 pL), a 
callous heart. 

CALLOW — adj. = unfledged, implu- 
mis. Sometimes use t^n?r, rudis. 

CALM — adj., trdnquillus, plaeidus, 
lenis, mitls, pdcdtus, sPrenm, cdmpdsitus. 

CALM — subst., quies 3 f. ; riquies 
5def. 

Ep. peaceful, unbroken, longed-for, 
&c. 

CALM, to — V. act., sedo 1 ; pldeo 1 ; 
lento 4 ; mltlgo 1 ; muleSo 2 ; compeseo 
3 ; sterno 3 ; (of the sea) obruo (cf. Hor. 
Od. i. 15, 3). 

CALUMNIATE, to — v. act. = to 
slander, q. v. 

CALUMNIOUS — adj. = slanderous, 
q. V. 

CALUMNY — subst. = slander, q. v. 

CAMEL — subst., eamelus 2 (H.). 

Ep. patient, Eastern, &c. 

CAMEO — subst., slglllum 2. 

CAMOMILE — subst., perhaps pyre- 
thrum 2. 

CAMP — adj., cdstrensts. 

CAMP — subst., edstra 2 n. pi.; ten- 
toria 2 n. pi. 

Ep. martial, fortified, prepared, &c. 

CAMPAIGN— subst., milltla 1. Use 
also bellum 2 ; drma 2 pi. ; perhaps m- 
pgrla 2 pi. (Hor. Od. iv.l4, 40). 

Phr., to serve a campaign, mittto 1, 
edstra sSqudr 3, m£rSo 2, bell^ 1, heUdr 1. 

Ep. long, burdensome. 

CAMP AIGNEE— subst., mlKs 3 m. ; 
belh'itdr 3 m. 

CAMP-FOLLOWEE — subst., liza 1 
(Luc). 

CAN — V. aux. See Able, to bk. 



CAN 



( 49 ) 



CAPSIZE 



CAN — subst., l&gena 1 ; urcSus 2 
(Mart.) ; dmphSra 1 ; perhaps cdntharus 
2. 

Ep. cheap, full, empty, &c. 

CANAL — subst., perhaps fossa 1. 

Phr., rlguse ductile flumSn aqxise 
(Mart.). 

Ep. deep, dug out, &c. 

CANARY — subst. Perhaps fringlUa 
1 (Mart.). 

Ep. yellow, tuneful, &c. 

CANCEL, to— V. act., r^tracto 1 ; rg- 
v8c6 1. 

CANDID — adj., Ingfnuus, TiSnestHs, 
simplez, slncerus (H. ; Mart.), cundldus. 

CANDIDATE— subst., pHltdr 3 m. 

Ep. eager, eloquent, &c. 

CANDLE — subst. Use fdx 3 f. ; 
Idmpas 3 f. ; tseda 1 ; ffaidlS 3 n. ; 
lucernd 1 (Mart.); candeld 1 (Juv.); 
cereus 2 (Mart.). 

l.p. bright, fiery, nocturnal, short- 
lived, &c. 

CANDOUE— subst., slmpUcltds 3 f . ; 
candor 3 m. 

Ep. bare, guileless, simple, &c. 

CANE — subst., canna 1 ; arundo 3 f. 

Ep. marshy, waving, rustling, &c. 

CANE, to — V. act. = to beat, q. v. 

CANINE — adj., canlnus. 

CANKER— subst., lues 3 f. ; pestig 3 
f . ; pernicies 5 ; contagid 2 n. pi. ; tabes 
3 f . ; cancer 2. 

1 p. deadly, devouring, hidden, &c. 
CANKERED— adj. = corrupt, q. v. 
CANNIBALISM — subst., dopes hu- 

mansB (Ov.). 

CANNON — subst., tormentum 2 ; 
bdllista 1 ; perhaps aries 3 m. 

Phr., EreS tela (2 pi.), metal bolts; 
belli fulmind (3 pi.), thunderbolts of 
war, &c. 

Ep. warlike, iron, &c. 

CANOE— subst. = boat, q. v. 

CANON — subst. = law, q. v. 

CANONIZE, to — V. act., perhaps 
consecro 1 ; sacro 1 ; b?o 1. 

Phr., adscriMrS, dddSrS, num^rd, or- 
dlnibus d?drum, caelo hSdrS. 

CANOPY— subst. 

(«) conoplum 2 (Hor.) ; velum 2 ; aulxa 

2 pi. 

Ep. light, suspended, &c. 
(h) of the sky, cdnvexS cceli, cce.ll templa 
(2 pi.), spatium 2, ddmus 2 and 4 f. 



I CANTER— V. neut. = to ride, q. v. 
I CANTICLE— subst. = song, q. v. 
I CANTON— subst., trlbus 4 f. Some- 
times gens 3 f. ; rfglo 3 f. 

Ep. mountain, forest, peaceful, &c. 

CANVASS— subst. 
(a) sail, q. v. 
(&) of a picture, use tabula 1 ; tabella 1. 

CANVASS, to — V. act. and neut., 
dmbio 4 irr. ; solllclto 1 ; pSto 3. 

CAP — subst., mitra 1 ; pilSdlum 2 ; 
galerus 2. 

Ep. soft, red, white, &c. 

CAPABLE — adj., capdx, dptUs, Ido- 
nSus. 

CAPACIOUS— adj. = large, q. v. 

CAPACITY— subst. = ability, q. v. 

CAPARISON, to— V. act. = to adorn, 
q. V. 

CAPARISONED — adj., of horses, 
phr., phalSrls tnsignis, splendid vrith 
trappings. 

CAPE— subst. 
(rt) headland, promontorXum 2 (scanned 

promontorjurn). Use projecting rocks, 

procurrentid sdxd, &c. ; sometimes 

lingud 1. 

Ep. windy, stormy, bare, &c. 
(Z)) a cloak, sdgulum 2 ; sdgum 2. 

Ep. warm, woollen, &c. 

CAPER, to — V. neut. = to dance, q. v. 

CAPITAL — adj. In such expressions 
as a capital crime, use fdcinus 3 n. ; 
septus 3 n. ; n?fds, indec. ; mortS dlgnum 
or luendum. See Atrocious, Abomin- 
able. 

CAPITAL— subst. 

(a) of a column. Use column, q. v. 

(b) chief city. Use caput 3 n. ; per- 
haps dffmlnd 1 ; princeps 8 m. ; often 
urbs. 

Phr., urbs ddtnhia (Ov. R. Am. 291). 

CAPITULATE, to— v. neut. = to sur- 
render, q. V. 

CAPON— subst., capo 3 m. (Mart.). 

CAPRICE— subst., ISvitds 3 f . ; In- 
constdntld 1 ; sometimes libido 3 f. (H.). 

Phr., mobllUds (3 f.) dnlmT, ingSnli. 

Ep. fickle, vain, womanly, &c. 

CAPRICIOUS— adj., Uvls, inconstans, 
mobllis, vdrliis, mutdhUis. 

CAPRICORN— subst., caprlcomUs 2. 

CAPSIZE, to— V. act. 
(a) of a ship, everto 3. 
(6) to overthrow, q. v. 



CAPSTAN 



( 50 ) 



CARNIVAL 



CAPSTAN— subst., rdta 1. 

CAPTAIN— subst., dux 3 m. ; ductSr 
3 m. ; princeps 3 m. ; prsesSs 3 m. 

Ep. gallant, skilful, stem, &c. 

CAPTIVATE, to— V. act. = to allure, 
q. V. 

CAPTIVE — subst., cdptivus 2 ; cdptus 
2 ; sometimes servus 2. 

Ep. chained, sad, &c. 

CAPTIVE — adj., cdptivUs, cdptus, 
catenatm, vlnctug. 

CAPTIVITY — subst., servltlum 2; 
jiigum 2 ; vincula or vincla 2 pi. ; catenae 
Ipl. 

Ep. sad, long, undeserved, &c. 

CAPTUBE — subst., perhaps rapina 
1 ; or translate by phrase, e.g. the 
capture of the oxen, bdves (3 pi.) cdpti. 

CAPTTJKE, to — V. act., capio 3; 
sometimes vlncio 4 ; vinco 3. 

CAB — subst., currus 4 ; cOvlnnus 
(Sil., Luc, Mart.). You can also use 
higse 1 pi. ; hijugi 2 pi., a two-horsed 
car ; quadrlgx 1 pi., quddrijugl 2 pi., a 
four-horsed car ; also axis 3 m. (lit. the 
axle), r6t^ 1 pi. (lit. wheels), temo 3 
m. (lit. pole). 

Ep. swift, triumphal, heavy, royal, 
gilded, &c. 

CABAVAN — subst., dgmSn 3 n. ; 
cdhors 3 f. ; caterva 1. 

Ep. long, slow, rich, &c. 

CABBTJNCLE--subst., perhaps p§rd- 
pus 2 (lit. a bright fire-coloured metal). 

CABCANET— subst., mdtiilg 3 n. ; 
torques 3 m. and f. ; circulus 2. 

Ep. jewelled, royal, golden, &c. 

CABCASS — subst., caddvgr 3 n. ; cor- 
pus 3 n. ; membra 2 pi. 

Ep. naked, cast forth, piteous, &c. 

CABD, to — V. act., of wool, pectd 3 ; 
vello 3. 

CABDINAL — adj. = chief, summus, 
primus. 

CABE— subst. 
(a) anxiety, cura 1 ; dnxlStds 3 f. ; gol- 

llcitudo 3 f . 

Ep. gnawing, incessant, doubtful, 
&c. 
(6) regard, cura 1 ; aviffr 3 m. ; studium 

2. 

Ep. faithful, lasting, &c. 
(c) object of care, cura 1. 

CABE, to take — v. neut. 



(a) in affirmative sentences, e.g. take 

care you come, /ac xSnids, curd vSnirS. 
(6) in negative sentences, take care 

you do not stumble, titubdr? caveto ; 

so too sometimes use fugS, mitt^y 

pdrcS, 6mltt?. 

CABE, to take care of — v. act., euro 
1 ; »irvd 1 ; prOtego 3 ; tH?(rr 2 ; tutOr 1 ; 
defendo 3. 

Phr., curam ago 3 (with gen.). 

CABEEB — subst., cursus 4; via 1. 

Ep. rash, mad, intrepid, &c. 

CABEFUL— adj. 

(a) anxious, dnxius, soUlcltus, trfplduSf 
dubius. 

(b) prudent, sedOlSs, prudens, sapiens. 

(c) attentive, sediilus, gndvus, implgSr, 
dssldum, rigll. 

CABEFITLLY— adv., Gpfrose. 
CABEFULNESS — subst., sedulltds 

3 f. ; cura 1 ; viglldntla 1. 

Ep. active, kind, assiduous, &c. 
CABELESS— adj. 

(a) negligent, securus, letitus, disanctUs. 

(b) cheerful, q. v. 
CABELESSLY— adv. 

(a) badly, q. v. 

(b) artlessly, q. v. 

(c) heedlesslv, tfm?rg, ISvitir. 
CABELESSNES&— subst., incurld 1 

(H.); perhaps ?/(er<?a 1. 

Ep. slothful, easv, &c. 

CABESS, to— V. act. See Embrace, 
TO ; Fondle, to ; Kiss, to. 

CABESS — subst., dmplexus 4 ,- com- 
plexus 4 ; perh. oscula 2 pi. (lit. kisses). 

Ep. loving, maternal, close, &c. 

CAB60 — subst., merx 3 f. ; perhaps 
ndrls 6nus 3 n., pondus 3 n. 

Ep. rich, Tyrian {Tprlus), Bithynian 
(Thynus), &c. 

CABE — subst. =care, q. v. 

CABL, CABLE— subst. = boor, q. v. 

CABNA6E — subst., cEdes 3 f. ; 
strdges 3 f. ; sanguis 3 m. ; clddes 3 f . ; 
crudr 3 m. ; f infra 3 n. pi. 

Ep. impious, bloody, mad, &c. 

CABNAL — adj., c&rpdrPus. 

CABNATION — subst. = rosiness. 
Use rubdr 3 m. ; c6l8r 3 m. ; rdsSus^ 
punlcfiis, &c. 

CABNIVAL — subst. = riotous festi- 
val, perhaps Sdturndlld 3 pi. (Mart.) ; 
orgla 2 pi. ; trl^t erica 2 pi. 

Ep. noisy, joyous, annual, &c. 



CAROL 



( 51 ) 



CAST 



CABOL — subst. = song, q. v. 

CABOL, to — V. act. and neut. = to 
sing, q. V. 

CABOUSAL — subst. Use convivium 
2 ; dapes 3 f. pi. ; epiilm 1 pi. ; caend 1. 

Ep. joyous, nocturnal, &c. 

CABOTTSE, to — v. neut., commlssdr 
1. Use phrases vlna duc?r?, to 
quaff wine ; pocula sorberS, haurirS, 
to drain cups; mlscerS convivla, to 
revel, &c. 

CABF — V. neut. (to carp at), cdrpo 3 ; 
mordSo 2 ; culpo 1 ; incuso 1 ; incrSpo 1 ; 
detrecto 1 ; ubrdgo 1 (with dat.). 

CABPENTEB— subst., fabSr 2 ; dpi- 
fez 3 m. and f. ; drtifex 3 m. and f. 
See, too, Ov. Fast. iii. 825. 

Ep. diligent, skilful, &c. 

CABFET — subst., tapes 3 m. ; strdguld 
2 pi. 

Ep. embroidered, purple, thick, &c. 

CABFETED — part., (with iiowers) 
use dlstinctus, pletus, varidtus. 

CABBIAGE— subst. 

(a) rhedd (H.) ; cdrpentum 2 ; essS- 
dum 2 ; pllentum 2. See Car. 

Ep. soft, swift, fit for women (mulle- 
bris). 

(b) — mien, q. v. 

CABBIEB — adj., (of pigeons) nun- 
tiiis. 

CABBION— subst., caduvSr 3 n. 

CABBY, to— V. act. 
(a) to bear (a) and (6), q. v. : porto 1 ; 

fSro, irr. ; velio 3 ; ggrd 3 ; sometimes 

sustlnSo 2, tdlSro 1. 
(6) to carry oft", aufSro, irr. ; tollo, irr. ; 

rapid 3 ; dbripio 3 ; cdrripid 3 ; sur- 

ripid 3. 

(c) to carry oneself = to bear one- 
self. See Bear, to (/). 

V. neut., (of a gun, bow, sling, 

&c.), phr., longe, prdcul, eminus pStSrS, 
fSrirS, tdngire, fSram, hdstem, &c., to 
strike from afar the prey, enemy, 
&c. 

CABT — subst., plaustrum 2 ; some- 
times currus 4 ; axis 3 m. 

Ep. heavy, loaded, rolling, &c. 

CABTEB— subst., bubulcus 2; riistl- 
cus 2 ; hgrestis 3 m. 

Ep. cheery, diligent, weary, &c. 

CABVE, to— V. act. 
(a) sSco 1 ; divldo 3. 

Phr., in partes or in frusta sSco 1. 



(6) names on wood, &c., incldd 3; 

inscrlbd 3 ; scdlpo 3 ; cselo 1. 

CABVED — adj., sculptills, cseldtiis. 

CABVING — subst., phr., cxldtum 
dpiis 3 n., carved work. 

CASCAJ)E — subst., phr., aquie cdsus 
(4), dejectus (4) ; aqua dMllens, decur- 
rens. 

CASE— subst. 
(a) covering, tSgumSn 3 n. ; tegmin 3 n. ; 

tigimSn 3 n. 

Ep. solid, scaly, &c. 
(6) condition, habitus 4 ; status 4 ; con- 
ditio 3 f. ; fdrtuna 1 ; sors 3 f. 

Ep. lucky, unlucky, proud, humble, 
&c. 
(c) in case = if by chance, si or si 

forte. 

CASEMENT— subst. = window, /^n- 
estra 1. 

Ep. glassy, open, shut, &c. 

CASH — subst. = money, q. v. 

CASIA, CASSIA— subst., casla 1. 

CASK — subst., cadiis 2 ; dolium 2. 

Ep. round, full, old, &c. 

CASKET— subst., drca 1; clst& 1; 
pyxis 3 f. ; Snyx 3 m. ; dstulS 1 
(Mart.). 

Ep. small, precious, locked, &c. 

CASftTJE — subst. = helmet, q. v. 

CAST, to — V. act. 
(a) to throw, jaclo 3 ; mitto 3 ; spdrgo 3 ; 

ejiclo 3 ; emitto 3 ; fundo 3 ; effundo 

3 ; injiclo 3 ; projiclo 3 ; jdcto 1 ; to 

cast headlong, prsecipito 1 ; of a ser- 
pent casting his slough, exuo 3 (see 

Slough). 
(6) to turn, e.g. he cast an eye, verto 

3 ; converto 3. 

(c) a statue, fundo 3 (H.). 

(d) to cast away = to wreck. To 
waste, q. v. 

(e) to cast in one's^lot with. See 
Share, to. 

(f) to cast off, dbjlcio 3 ; projiclo 3 ; 
pdno 3 ; mitto 3 ; sperno 3 ; contemno 
3 ; rejiclo 3 ; respuo 3 ; excutld 3. 

(gf) to cast up (of figures, &c.), numSro 
1, dinumSro 1 ; of wreckage, ex- 
pello 3. 

(/i) to cast anchor, jacld 3 ; dejiclo 3. 

(«■) to cast down = to overthrow. 
CAST— subst. 

(a)jdctus 4. 

B 2 



CAST 



( 52 ) 



CEASELESS 



(b) of dice, jactus 4, perhaps alga 1 

(hazard) ; discrimPn 3 n. 

Ep. hazardous, doubtful, &c. 

CAST — part. = condemned, q. v. 

CASTE — subst., gens 3 f. ; ggnus 3 n. ; 
sanguis 3 m. 

Ep. separate, ancient, &c. 

CASTELLATED — adj., turritus, tur- 
rigSr. 

CASTING-NET — subst., finM 1; 
jaeulum 2. 

Ep. wet, flung, &c. 

CASTLE — subst., turris 3 f. ; arx 3 ; 
cdstellum 2. 

Ep. fortified, high, ancient, proud, 
&c. 

CASITAL — adj. = accidental, fortUi- 
tus. 

CASTTALLT — adv., by accident, q. v. 

CAT— subst., /ei[rs 3 f. 

Ep. cunning, smooth, white, grey, 
&c. 

CATALOGUE — subst., niim^rus 2. 

CATAPULT — subst., balUsta 1 ; fun- 
da 1 (sling) ; tormentum 2. 

Ep. warlike, deadly, &c. 

CATARACT — subst., cataracts 1 
(Lucan) ; torrem 3 m. See Cascade. 

Ep. headlong, flowing, falling, &c. 

CATCH, to — V. act. 

(a) to seize, capio 3 ; drripfo 3 ; cor- 
riplo 3 ; prehendo 3 ; — (to clutch with 
the hand) compr^liendo 3 ; comprendo 
3 ; deprendo 3 ; capesso 3. 

(b) to catch at, capto 1. 

(c) to catch up, cdn8?qudr 3 ; ezcepto 1. 

(d) to ensnare, capio 3 ; fdllo 3 ; de- 
ludo 3 ; dedplo 3 ; exclpio 3 ; illaquio 
1. 

(e) to catch fire, ignesco 3 ; incdndesco 
8 ; indrdesco 3. 

CATEB, to — V. act. Use prEbeo 2 ; 
paro 1. 

CATES — subst. = dainties, liba 2 pi. 

CATHEDRAL — subst. See Temple. 

CATTLE — subst., jumenia (H.) 2 n. 
pi. Use hdves 3 m. pi. ; p?eudes 3 f. pi. ; 
drmenta 2 n. pi. 

Ep. peaceful, rustic, roaming, &c. 

CAUSE — V. act., efficio 3 ; facio 3 ; 
ddducd 3. 

CAUSE — subst. 
(a) causa 1. Sometimes contained in 

other substantives, e.g. cura dUlorquS 

= a cause of care and grief. 



Phr., would that you had shown 
yourself valiant in a better cause, md- 
iSrld vellem forils mSllor? fulsses. 

Ep. just, true, pious, &c. 

(b) = party, partes 3 f. pi. 

(c) at law, lis 3 f. 

Phr., to bring on a cause, litem dddu- 
cSrS. 

CAUSELESS — adj., vdniis, InanXs, 
irritus. 

CAUSEWAY— subst., dggSr 3 m. Use 
via 1 ; cdllls 3 m. ; trdmSs 3 m., &c. 

Ep. lofty, stone, solid, &c. 

CAUTION— subst. 
(o) prudentia 1 ; consilium 2. 

Ep. wise, old man's {senilis), crafty, 
&c. 
(b) = advice, q. v. 

CAUTION,_ to— V. act. = to warn, 
mdnio 2 ; priemSnffd 2 ; prsedico 3. 

CAUTIOUS — adj., cautus, provldUs, 
prudens. sagdx, calUdus. 

CAUTIOUSLY— adv., caute, saplentSr, 
prudentSr. 

CAVALCADE— subst., pompa 1. 

Ep. long, shining, adorned with 
banners, &c. ; proud, &c. 

CAVALIER— subst., gqu^s 3 m. 

Ep. gallant, gay, high-bom, &c. 

CAVALRY— subst., ^■g«r<J<M« 4; Squgs 
3 m. (in pi.) ; turma 1 ; dla 1. 

Ep. armed, warlike, swift, &c. 

CAVE, CAVERN— subst., cavum 2; 
caverna 1 ; spelunca 1 ; spgeus 4 ; dn- 
trum 2 ; latehrE 1 ; spelxum 2. 

Ep. dark, dank, mossy, terrible, 
secluded, mountain, &c. 

CAVIL, to — V. act. See Carp, to. 

CEASE, to — V. neut. = to leave off, 
deslno 3 ; desisto 3 ; dbsisto 3. (You 
had better not use cesso 1 in this 
sense.) Translate often by transitive 
verbs or phrases, e.g. cease fighting, 
pong mddum pugn^ (lit. put a limit to 
battle); cease complaining, compescS 
quffrelds (lit. hush complaints), or mittg, 
pdrcg, dmittg qugri. He ceased speak- 
ing, dixgraf. The wind ceased, ventiis 
cgcidlt or quievit. 

V. act. = to put an end to, con- 

ficld 3 ; deslno 3 ; compesco 3 ; prgmo 3 ; 
comprlmo 3 ; rgprimo 3. 

CEASELESS— adj., dsslduus, perpg 
tuUs, pSrennls. seternus. 

Phr., slngfing. 



CEDAR 



( 53 ) 



CERTAINTY 



CEDAE — subst., cedrSs 2 f . ; perhaps 
citrus 2 f. (Lucan). 

Ep. tall, ancient, Syrian (Sprlus), 
shady, &c. 

CEDAE — adj., Mdrlniis (no poet, 
authority), perhaps citrSus (Hor. Od. 
iv. 1, 20). 

CEDE, to — V. neut. = to yield, q. v. 

V. act. = to give up, q. v. 

CEILING — subst., Idquedrla 3 n. pi. ; 
lacunar 3 n. 

Ep. gilded, lofty, vaulted, inlaid, 
&c. 

CELEBRATE^ to— v. act^ 
(a) to praise, Iciudo 1 ; collaudo 1 ; c^e- 

bro 1 ; mgmdro 1 ; tollo, irr. ; extollo 

3 ; effSro, irr. ; evSho 3 ; cdno 3 ; 

canto 1 ; sdno 1 ; died 3. 
(6) of a solemnity, cSlehro 1 ; ciRo 3 ; 

facto 3 ; concelebro 1. 

CELEBRATED— adj. = famous, q. v. 

CELEBRATION— subst. 
(a) of a feast or rite, use dapes 3 f. pi. ; 

ffpulx 1 pi. ; sollemnla 3 pi. 
(6) of a funeral, use exsSqulie 1 pi. ; 

justu 2 pi. ; supremo. 2 pi., &c. 

CELEBRITY — subst. = fame, q. v. 

CELERITY— subst. = speed, q. v. 

CELESTIAL— adj. 
(a) heavenly, coelestis, eethSrSus, siipSrus, 

sldlrSus, ccelffs. 
(6) blessed, dicinus, Mdtus, plus. 

CELIBACY — subst., perhaps secti- 
bXtus 4. 

CELL — subst. 
(a) of bees, cella 1 ; fdri 2 pi. See 

Beehive. 

Ep. waxen, tiny, close, hot, &c. 
(6) of a hermit, antrum 2 ; caverna 1 ; 

cavum 2. 

Phr., ddrnus (2 and 4 f.) drcta, 
secrets, mantdna, sola, sdncta, &c. 

Ep. secluded, sacred, solitary, &c. 
(c) of a prison, perhaps cella 1. Use 

cdrcSr 3 m. (lit. prison) ; sedes ( 3 f.) 

dngusta (lit. narrow abode). 

Ep. gloomy, narrow, iron-bound, &c. 

CELLAR — subst., cella 1 ; dpStheca 
1 (H.). 

Ep. dark, full, &c. 

CELLARER— subst., -promus 2 (H.), 
perhaps vindrlus 2 (Plautus). 

Ep. jovial, fat, &c. 

CEMENT— V. act. = to join, q. v. 



CEMETERY— subst. Use sffpulcrS 
n. pi. ; busts 2 n. pi. ; tumuli 2 pi. 

Phr., sedes (3 f.) Sgffr (2) sSpulcrults. 

Ep. tranquil, mournful, holy, &c. 

CENSER— subst., ScerrS 1. 

Ep. smoking, hot with incense, 
sacred, &c. 

CENSOR — subst., censor 3 m. ; rSprS- 
hensdr 3 m. ; cdstlgdtdr 3 m. (H.) ; 
correctdr 3 m. (H.). 

Ep. stem, solemn, august, bitter, 
just, &c. 

CENSORSHIP— subst., censurS 1. 

CENSURE— subst., censura 1 ; ndtS 1, 

Ep. just, unjust, severe, &c. 

CENSURE, to — V. act. = to blame, q. v. 

CENTAUR — subst., centaurus 2 ; nu- 
biglfnu 1 m. ; bimembris 3 m. 

Ep. half-beast, half-man, savage, &o. 

CENTAURY— subst., centaureS 2 pi. ; 
centaureum 2 (Lucret.). 

Ep. rank (grSvffdlens, scanned gra- 
vSlens), Thessalian (ThessSlus'). 

CENTRAL — adj., mSdlus. 

CENTRE— subst., mMium. 

CENTRE, to — V. neut. In such 
phrases as " our hopes centre in him," 
use spes omnia tn ill5 est, or spes pendSt 
Sb illo, &c. 

CENTURY — subst. Use ssecOlum 2 ; 
sEclum 2. 

Ep. rolling, swift, gliding, &c. 

CEREMONY— subst. 
(a) ritiis 4 ; cultus 4 ; s&cra 2 pi. ; 

sollemnla 3 pi. 

Ep. solemn, proud, annual, &c. 
(6) outward show, pSrdtus 4 ; dppardtiis 

4 ; cultus 4 ; orndtus 4 ; luxiis 4. 

Ep. royal, stately, sumptuous, &c. 

CERTAIN— adj. 

(a) evident, certus, verus, mSnifestus, 
ddrus. 

Phr., non dublUs. 

(b) trustworthy, certus, verus, fidus, 
fidells, firmus. 

(c) unavoidable, certus, ratus, Xnelucta- 
bllls, InsupSrdbilis, tnevitdbllis, indevi- 
tdtus. 

(d) certain of, certus. 

Phr., non dublus ; verb, non dublto 1. 

(e) Phr., a certain man, quldam. 
CERTAINTY — subst. Use certa 

fides 5. 

Phr., the certainty of death, certa 
mors (3 f.), ineluctdbllS fdtum. 



CHAFE 



( 54 ) 



CHANGE 



CHAFE, to— V. act. 

(a) to rub, t^ro 3 ; Wdo 3. 

(b) to warm, calf acid 3; caWfacto 1 
(H.) ; fdvlo 2 ; effingo 3. 

(c) to make angry, trri^o 1 ; lacesso 3 ; 
stlmulo 1 ; ezstlmuld 1 ; dccendo 3 ; 
iticendd 3. 

V. neiit. = to be angry, irdscdr 

3 ; /ttro 3 ; g^yro 4 ; cUdSo 2 ; indigndr 
1 ; quSrSr 3. 

Phr., ira xstudrS, ferverS, &c., to boil 
with anger. 

CHAFF — subst., 2)atea 1 ; perhaps 
stipula 1 (lit. stubble). 

Ep. empty, light, dry, &c. 

CHAFFEE, to — v. neut., rixHr 1 
(H.). See Bargain, to. 

CHAFFINCH — subst., perhaps frln- 
gilla 1 (Mart.). 

CHAGEIN — subst. Use quest&s 4, 
querela 1 ; quSrlmonia 1. 

Ep. troublesome, vain, just, &c. 

CHAIN— subst. 

(a) vinculum 2 ; vlndum 2 ; catena 1 ; 
mdnXcd (lit. handcuff); c&mpes 3 f. 
(lit. fetters) ; rStindculd 2 ; nodus 2 ; 
copula 1. 

Ep. iron, unbroken, adamantine, 
base, &c. 

(b) chain of events, sgries 5 ; ordo (3 m.) 
rerum. 

Ep. long, linked, &c. 

CHAIN AEMOUE — subst. Use 
loricu bilix or triliz. 

CHAIN, to — V. act., vinclo 4 ; de- 
vinclo 4 ; stringo 3 ; constringo 3 ; llgo 1 ; 
rSllgo 1 ; dUlgo 1 ; necto 3 ; cSlrcSo 2 ; 
fkodo 1 ; tmpSdid 4 ; implied 1 ; cdJiib?o 2. 

Phr., vindls dnSro 1 ; caplo 3 ; 
prSmo 3 ; cln^ro 3 ; circumdo 1 ; cdercSo 
2 ; impSdio 4. (iSee, too, Ov. .4m. i. 
vii. 1 ; Fast. iii. 293, 306.) 

CHAINED — adj., vinctUs, and past 
part, of verbs above, also catendtSs. 

Phr., vinclis, &c. ; cdercitus, dnSrdtus, 
&c. 

CHAIE— subst. 
(a) cathedra 1 (Prop.) ; «eZ?a 1. 
(6) chair of state, seHa curiUis ; ^ur 

3 n. (lit. ivory) ; sdlium 2 (lit. 

throne). 

Ep. ivory, gilded, straw, &c. 

CHALICE — subst. = bowl, q. v. 

CHALK— subst., cretd 1. 

Ep. white, milky, gleaming, &c. 



CHALKY — adj., cretosSs, i.e. marked 
with chalk ; perhaps gypsdtm may be 
used. {See Ov. Am. i. viii. 64.) 

CHALLENGE, to— v. act., provdco 1. 

Phr., in cirtdmin, pugnam, prcella, 
posco (3), vdco (1), Idcesio (3). 

CHALLENGE— subst. Translate by 
verb. 

CHAMBES — subst., conddvg 3 n. 
(H.) ; thalamus 2. 

Ep. dark, high, royal, echoing, &c. 

CHAMELEON — subst., perhaps 
lace rt us 2 ; lacertd 1. 

Ep. of changing hue (verelciflOr), 
changeable, doubtful. 

CHAMOIS — subst., caprSd 1 ; cdprS- 
aius 2. 

Ep. mountain, dweller among rocks, 
shy, &c. 

CHAMOMILE— subst., pyrethrum 2. 

CHAMP, to— V. act., mord?o 2; 
mdndo 3. 

CHAMPAIGN— subst. = plain, q. v. 

CHAMPION— subst. 
(a) defensor 3 m. ; findex 3 m. ; ds- 

serthr 3 m. ; vidnitdr 3 m. Perhaps 

presidium 2 ; cSlumSn 3 n. ; tutela 1 ; 

cOstos 3 ; murus 2. 

Ep. just, sure, faithful, &c. 
(6) hero, lieros 3 m. ; milSs 3 m. ; 

vir 2 ; dux 3 m. 

Ep. godlike, brave, glorious, &c. 

CHANCE — adj. = accidental, for- 
tuitus. 

CHANCE— subst. 

(a) casiis 4 ; sors 3 f. ; fortund 1 ; fors 
3 f. (nom. and abl. only) ; vices 3 
f.pl. 

Ep. doubtful, lucky, unlucky, &c. 

(b) misfortune, q. v. 

(c) ho'pe, e.g. chance of success or 
victory, spes 5. 

(d) by chance, fors, fortS, cdsu. 
CHANCE, to— V. neut. = to hap- 
pen, dccido 3 ; ev?nio 4 ; fio, irr. ; pro- 
vSnio 4 ; contingo 3 (in good sense 
only). 

CHANGE, to— V. act. 
(a) to exchange, muto 1 ; permuto 1 ; 

paciscik 3. 
(6) to alter, muto 1 ; immiitd 1 ; com- 

muto 1 ; verto 3 ; converto 3 ; nOvo 1 ; 

vdrlo 1 ; transforms 1 ; ddult^ro 1. 

V. neut. Use passive of verbs 

above. 



CHANGES 



( 



) 



CHARM 



Phr., vices pStl, suhlrS, to suffer, 
undergo changes ; abSunt in crura 
lacertl, anus change into legs. 

CHANGES — subst., vices 3 f. pi. 
(ace. and abl. sing, may be used). 
Changes of the moon, interlunla 2 pi. 
(of. Hor. Od. i. 25, 12). 

Ep. doubtful, alternate, recurring, 
&c. 

CHANGEABLE — adj., mutabllls, 
variiis, mobllls, iSvis, inconstdns. 

CHANGEABLENESS— subst., Uvltas 
3 f. ; mohllitas 3 f. ; Incomtdntla 1. 

Ep. fickle, perfidious, &c. 

CHANGED — adj., mutdlus, &c. ; non 
idem, dltffr (Hor.). 

CHANGEFUL— adj. See Change- 
able. 

CHANNEL— subst., dlveUs 2. 

Ep. deep, hollow, narrow, broad, &c. 

CHANNEL, to — v. act., sulco 1. 

CHANT, to — V. act. and neut. = to 
sing, q. V. 

CHANT — subst. = song, q. v. 

CHAOS — subst., cliads 2 (used in 
nom., ace, voc, abl.). 

Phr., Indies indlgesta (Ov.), ignis, 
aqux, tellus unus acervus Srat (Ov.). 
See, too, Ov. A. A. ii. 467, &c. ; Fast. 
i. 113, &c. 

Ep. shapeless, huge, black, empty, 
&c. 

CHAOTIC — adj., confusus, indigestHs. 

Phr., slnS legS. 

CHAPLET — subst., cGrona 1 ; vitta 
1 ; serta 2 pi. ; diademd 3 n. Use 
flowers, leaves, &c., or particular 
flowers or leaves, e.g. roses, bay, &c. 

Ep. fresh, spring, summer, dewy, 
festive, &c. 

CHAR, to — v. act. See Bukn, to, 
and Charued. 

CHARACTER — subst., mores 3 m. 
pi. ; ingffnlum 2 ; inddles 3 f. 

Ep. A. noble, just, kind, modest, &c. 
B. base, cruel, rash, boastful, &c. 

CHARCOAL — subst., cdrbo 3; pruna 
1 (glowing charcoal). 

Ep. black, dry, &c. 

CHARGE, to — V. act. 
(a) in the sense of entrusting, mdndo 

1 ; committo 3 ; trddo 3 ; credo 3 ; 

commendo 1. 
(h) in tlie sense of accusing, dccUso 1 ; 

insimulo 1 ; arguo 3 ; culpo 1 . 



(c) to command, q. v. 

(d) to attack, q. v. Also ruo 3 ; Irruo 
3; fSrdr, irr. ; incurro 3; incHrso 1. 
CHARGE— subst. 

(«) care, ciira 1 ; cOstddla 1 ; tUtela 1. 

These words may also be used for 

the thing confided. 

Ep. sure, faithful, &c. 
(h) command, jussum 2 ; manddtum 2 ; 

prmceptum 2. The last charge of a 

dying man, mdnddta ndvisslma (Verg. 

Jin. xi. 825). Cf. the use of mdndo 

Verg. Eel. v. 41. 

Ep. stem, royal, &c. 

(c) accusation, crimen 3 n. 
Ep. true, false, &c. 

(d) cost, sUmptus 4 ; impensa 1. 
Ep. great, small, &c. 

(e) onset, impetus 4 ; incitrsiis 4 ; pro- 
cUrsus 4. 

Ep. fearless, swift, &c. 
(/) trust, commissum 2 ; mdnddtum 2 ; 
depdsUum 2 ; munus 3 n. 
Ep. sacred, precious, &c. 
CHARGER— subst. 

(a) a large dish, Idnx 3 f. ; patlnS 1 
(H.); catiniis 2 (H.); paropsls 3 f. 
(Mart, and Juv.). 

Ep. gilded, broad, &c. 

(b) a war horse, gquiis 2; quadrUpe$ 
3 m ; sdnlpes 3 m. 

Phr., belldtdr Squus 2. 

Ep. spirited, foaming, docile, &c. 

CHARILY — adv. = frugally, pdrce, 
caute, sdpientSr, prudentir. 

CHARIOT— subst. 
(a) car, q. v. 
(6) carriage, q. v. 

CHARIOTEER— subst., auriga 1 m. ; 
cHrsSr 3 m. (in a race). 

Plir., ^quorum rectdr (3 m.) ; agitdtSr 
(3 m.) ; mSderdtdr (3 m.). 

Ep. skilful, rash, prudent, &c. 

CHARITABLE— adj. 
(rt) bountiful, q. v. 
(6) kind, q. v. 

CHARITY— subst. 
(a) alms, q. v. 
(6) benignity, q. v. 

CHARM— subst. 
(a) incantation, i.e. magical charm, 

cdrmSn 3 n. ; cdntiis 4 ; rixnld 1 ; 

cdntdmSn 3 n. (Prop.) ; TnSdicdtus 4. 

Phr., vis (3 f.) or vox (3 f.) mMglca. 
Sometimes you can use philtrd 2 pi. 



CHARM 



( 56 ) 



CHJSCii 



(love potions); herbx 1 pi. (drugs); 

vinend 2 pi. (poisons). Koinan poets 

speak of Thessalian or Mareian charms, 

or refer to Medea or her country, 

CJolchis. Protected by charms, prx- 

mSdlcdtus (Ov. Her. xii. 15). 

Ep. powerful, nightly, dread, vain, 

secret, &c. 

(6) allurements, lllSc^rse 1 pi. ; blandi- 
tlx 1 pi. ; bldndimentum 2. 

(c) beauty, q. v. 
CHAEM, to— V. act. 

(o) to fascinate by magic. See 
Bewitch, to, or use the substs. given 
above with verbs like capio 3 ; vinco 
3 ; vincio 4 ; sUpSro 1 ; mulcSo 2. 

(b) to allure, q. v. 

(c) to charm away, r^cdnto 1 (Ov. 
B. Am. 259). Use phrases " to drive 
away by charms, magic," &c. 
CHAKMED — part. In the phrase 

" a charmed life," translate by " safe 
or dear to God," or " protected by 
heaven," " limbs not to be hurt by 
weapons," &c. A charmed sleep, 7n£di- 
catits somniis (Ov. Her. xii. 107). 

CHAEMEE— subst. 
(a) enchanter, magus 2 ; saga 1. Ser- 
pent charmer, use dihnit6r 3 m. 

Ep. skilful, fearless, powerful, &c. 
(&) an object of love, deliclse 1 pi. ; 

ignis 3 m. ; amdr 3 m. ; flamma 1. 

CHAEMING— adj. = amiable, q. v. 

CHAENEL-HOTTSE — subst. Use 
sSpulcrum 2 ; ossa 3 pi. ; relliqulsR 
1 pi. ; clnis 3 m. 

Ep. grim, ghastly, shadowy, black, 
dread, &c. 

CHAEEED — part., dmbustus, semius- 
tUs (scanned semusttis), semlcrSmus, 
dbustus, prSeustus, semlcrfmatSs. 

CHAET— subst., chdrta 1. 

CHAEXEE — subst. Use pactum 2; 
foedus 3 n. ; lex 3 f . ; jus 3 n. 

Ep. sacred, ancient. 

CHAET — adj., pdrcus, pdrcens. 

CHASE, to — V. act. 

(a) aglto 1 ; sSqiUk 3 ; ago 3 ; pello 3 ; 
exagito 1 ; secUfr 1 ; urgSo 2 ; prima 
3 ; insSquSr 3 ; pirsSgudr 3 ; venSr 1. 

(b) to engrave, cxlo 1 ; incidd 3. 
CHASE— subst. 

(a) hunting, vendtus 4. 

Phr., am/k (3 m.), cura (1), studium 
(2), vendndi. 



Ep. keen, dangerous, &c. 

(b) of an enemy. Translate by fuga 
1, or adj. fugdx (lit. flight, run- 
away). 

Ep. swift, &c. 

(c) ground fitted for the chase, sdltut 4 ; 
silva 1 ; cdmpiis 2, &c. 

Ep. wooded, grassy, &c. 

CHASM — subst., hiatus 4 ; Mrh- 
thrum 2. Sometimes os 3 n. ; gurgSs 
3 m.; vffrdgo 3 f. 

Ep. huge, dark, steaming, &c. 

CHASTE — adj., cdstus, purus, pvdicSs, 
vSrecundus, intimirdtug, intdctiis, rir- 
ginPus, absttmns. 

CHASTEN, to— V. act., cdstigo 1; 
plecto 3 ; exercPo 2 ; perhaps emendo 1. 

CHASTENED— adj., tempirdtm. 

CHASTISE, to — V. act. = to punish, 
q. V. 

CHASTISEMENT— subst. = punish- 
ment, q. V. 

CHASTITY — subst., cdstltds 3 f . ; 
pudlcitid 1 ; xlrglnXtds 3 f. ; prObltds 
3f. 

Phr., vita (1) pudlca, mens (3 f.) 
cdsta, &c. 

Ep. inviolate, pure, stainless, &c. 

CHATTEE— subst., gdrrulUds 3 f.; 
perhaps nvgx 1 pi. (H., Mart.). 

Phr., gdrruld, Idqudx lingua (1). 

Ep. idle, incessant (imprdbus), odious, 
troublesome, &c. 

CHATTEE, to— V. act., (with "of") 
crSpo 1 (H.) ; gdrrio 4 (H.) ; jdcto 1 ; — 
of the teeth, creiw 1 ; creplto 1. 

CHATTEEEE— subst., gdrrulus 2 ; 
Idqudx 3 m. ; mult'tlSquiis 2. 

CHATTEEING — adj., gdrrulus, 16- 
qudz. 

CHEAP— adj., vills. 

CHEAT, to— V. act., fdllo _3 ; de- 
cipio 3 ; ludo 3 ; deliido 3 ; fraudo 1 ; 
eludo 3; destUuo 3 (to defraud); im- 
pono 3 (with dat., Mart.); /Mo 4 
(Prop.). 

CHEAT— subst. 

(a) fraud, fraus 3 f. ; ddliis 2. 

(b) one who cheats, planus 2 (H.). 
Translate by adj. fdlldx, dMosuSy 
perfidus, menddx, &c. 

Ep. base, secret, malignant, &c. 

CHECK, to — V. act., dfhlUo 2 ; 
cSerc?o 2 ; freno 1 ; prSmo 3 ; continSo 
2 ; rStlnSd 2 ; inhlbSo 2 ; sistd 3 ; mdrdr 



CHECK 



( 57 ; 



CHIME 



1 ; rSprlvm 3 ; sometimes prEpSdlo 4 ; 
imp?di6 4. 

CHECK— subst., m^ra 1. 

Ep. truublesome, tedious, unwelcome, 
&c. 

CHEEK — subst.j g^nie 1 pi. ; malie 1 
pi. ; sometimes os 8 n. ; vultus 4 ; fa- 
des 5. 

Ep. smooth, bearded, maiden, 
wrinkled, &c. 

CHEEE— subst. 
(a) courage, animiis 2 ; perhaps lEtltia 

1 (no pi.). 

Ep. joyous, full of hope, &c. 
(6) entertainment, epul^ 1 pi. ; ddpes 

3 f. pi. 

Ep. festive, hospitable, &c. 
(c) shout, plausus 4 ; favdr 3 m. ; fre- 
mitus 4 ; vox 3 f . 

Ep. loud, repeated, &c. 

CHEEK, to— V. act. 
(a) to encourage, firmo 1 ; conflrmo 1 ; 

hilaro 1 ; exhilaro 1 ; robOro 1. 

Phr., anlmum, vires, dddo (3). 
(ft) to applaud, q. v. 

CHEERFUL— adj., AtMrr«, lxtu8,fes- 
tus, gSnlahs. 

CHEERFULLY— adv., liete, g^nldli- 
tSr. 

CHEERIULNESS- subst., Isetitict 1 
(no pi.). 

CHEESE— subst., cdsSus 2 ; cdsSdlUs 2. 

Phr., luc (3 n.), pressum, cddctum, 
concretum. 

Ep. milky, yellow, &c. 

CHEQUER, to— V. act., vario 1 ; dls- 
tinguo 3 ; jnngo 3 ; maculo 1. 

CHERISH, to— V. act, fdv^o 2 ; some- 
times tueor 2, tSneo 2. 

CHERRY — subst., cirasiis 2. 

Ep. ripe, red, &c. 

CHESS— /See Ov. A. A. ii. 207 ; iii. 
357. 

CHEST— subst. 
(a) drca 1 ; clstd 1 ; cdpsa 1. 

Ep. hollow, capacious, &c. 
(6) breast, q. v. 

CHESTNUT— subst., cdstanga 1. 

Phr., cdstanSa nux (3 f.). 

Ep. shady, leafy, &c. 

CHEVALIER — subst. = cavalier, 
q. V. 

CHEW, to— v. act. 

(a) mdndo 3. See Eat, to. 

(b) of a cow, rumino 1. 



CHICK, CHICKEN— subst., ^iiZiws 2 ; 
foetus 4 ; nidi 2 pi. ; ndti 2 pi. ; proles 
3 f. ; progenies 5 ; propdgo 3 f. 

Ep. tender, downy, noisy, &c. 

CHICORY — subst., intiibd 2 n. pi. ; 
clchOrea 2 n. pi. 

Ep. bitter, green, &o. 

CHIDE, to — V. act. = to blame, q. v> 

CHIEF — adj., princeps, primus. 

CHIEF, CHIEFTAIN— subst., prin- 
ceps H m. ; dux 3 m. ; prlmores 3 m. pi. 
(H., Juv.) ; primi, prdcSres 3 m. pi. ;: 
ductdr 3 m. ; prsesSs 3 m. 

Ep. noble, high-bom, brave, proud, 
&c. 

CHILD— subst. 
(a) baby, infdns 3 m.; pdrvuliis 2, or 

pdrvula 1. 

Ep. tender, helpless, &c. 
(6) son or daughter, pugr 2 ; pUella 1 ; 

ndtUs 2 ; ndta 1 ; filius 2 ; filld 1. 

Ep. beloved, worthy, &c. 

(c) in plural, any of the above words 
or proles 3 f., progenies 5, pr6pdgo 
3 f., stibdles 3 f., stirps 3 f., gens 
3 f., sati 2 pi., sanguis 3 m., minores 
3 pi. 

(d) with child, prsegndns, gravis, gra- 
vida, faeta. 

CHILDBIRTH— subst., pdrtus 4. A 
woman in cliildbirth, puerpera 1. 

Phr., labordns utSro puella 1 (Hor. 
Od. iii. 22, 2). 

CHILDHOOD— subst., puSrltla (may 
be scanned pUertla). 

Phr., <en^'n «n/u (2 pi.), prima «<a» 
(3 f.), &c. 

Ep. careless, sportive, brief, &c. 

CHILDISH— adj. 

(a) pMrllts. 

(b) foolish, IneptUs, stultus, vdniis, Indnls. 
CHILDISHLY— adv., puSriimr. 
CHILDLESS— adj. 

(a) barren, sterllls, infecundus. 
Phr., slnS prol?. 

(b) bereft of children, orbUs, drbdtHs. 
Phr., privdtiis or spdlldtus prolS or 

progPnle. 

CHILL— adj. = cold, q. v. 

CHILL — subst. = cold, q. v. 

CHILL, to— V. act., r?frig?rd 1. For 
passive voice use horreo 2, horresco 3, 
pSrliorrfo 2, pPrlwrresco 3. 

CHIME — subst., concentus 4. 

Ep. harmonious, joyous, &c. 



CHIME 



( 



) 



CHURL 



CHIME, to — ^v. neut., consdno 1. 

Plir., to chime in, succlno 3 (H.). 

CHIMERA — subst., i>erliaps imago 
3 f. ; vand spgdes 5 ; somiilum 2. 

Ep. idle, empty, &c. 

CHIMNEY— subst., f6ram?n 3 n. ; 
or use camlnus 2 (lit. furnace), fdcus 2 
(lit. hearth). 

Kp. black, fire-vomiting, full of soot, 
&c. 

CHIN — subst., inentum 2. Some- 
times use bdrbd 1 (lit. beard). 

Ep. bearded, smooth, &c. 

CHINA — subst., perhaps murrJia 1 
(Mart.) ; murrhina 2 n. pi. (Mart.). 

Phr., murrMd pocula (Prop.). For 
common ware nsefictilta 3 pi. (Prop.). 

Ep. fragUe, precious, painted, &c. 

CHINE — subst., dorsum 2 ; tergum 2 ; 
tergiis 3 n. 

Ep. long, sharp, rigid, &c. 

CHINK — subst., r'und 1 ; sometimes 
fenestra 1. 

Ep. narrow, cleft, &c. 

CHIP — subst., (of wood) perhaps 
lignd 2 pi. 

Ep. dry, light, &c. 

CHIEF, to — V. neut., plpilo 1 (Catul- 
lus) ; perhaps quSrOr 3. Use " to sing." 

CHIBP — subst., perhaps questus 4; 
concentus 4 ; vox 3 f. See SoxG. 

Ep. tuneful, incessant, slirill, &c. 

CHIEPING— adj., garri'dus, Idquaz, 
argutus, sometimes qwrulus. [2. 

CHISEL — subst., cselmn 2 ; scalprum 

Ep. iron, sharp, &c. 

CHISEL, to — V. act., cElo 1 ; scdlpo 3 ; 
incido 3. 

CHIVALROTTS— adj., Inggnuus, Mnes- 
tus, magnanimm, gpn^rosus. 

CHIVALRY— subst. 

(a) chivalrous feeling, rlrtus 3 f. ; 
nobilitds 3 f. ; perhaps fides 5, con- 
stantid 1. 

Ep. ancient, honourable, unstained, 
&c. 

(b) lx)dy of knights, ^quis 3 m. ; ^qul- 
tdtus 4. 

Plir., flos (3 m.) ^qultum, agmSn (3 n.) 
iquestrS. 

Ep. valiant, loyal, armed, &c. 

CHOICE— subst. 
(o) delectus 4 ; electiis 4 ; arbitrltim 2. 

Usually translate by verb, e.g. Take 

or make your choice, ellgS ; or ex- 



press choice or alternative by vil, 

out, e.g. stdt vinc^rS nobis out supremS 

pdti; or by verbs implying prefer- 
ence. See Prefer, to. 
(6) flower, e.g. tlie choice of knights, 

flos (3 m.) ^qultum. 

Ep. special, &c. 

CHOICE — adj. = precious, q. v. 

CHOIR — subst., chSrus 2 ; concentus 4. 

E]x joyous, harmonious, solemn, &c. 

CHOKE, to— v. act. 
(a) elido 3 ; pri'mo 3 ; comprlmo 3 ; 

strangulo 1 ; sometimes Impfdlo 4. 

Phr., fauces, colld pr?mo 3 ; constringo 
3 ; prxstringo 3 ; Ixdo 3 ; IdquSo 1 (with 
a halter). 
(Jo) to block, q. v. ; — of weeds choking 

com, qficto 3 (Verg. Georg. i. 69). 

CHOLER— subst. = anger, q. v. 

CHOLERIC— adj. = angry, q. v. 

CHOOSE, to— v. act., lego 3 ; eligo 3 ; 
deligo 3 ; seligo 3 ; opto 1. See also 
Prefer, to. 

CHOP, to — V. act., minuo 3 ; concido 
3 ; comminuo 3. 

CHORD — subst., chorda 1 ; nervtts 2 ; 
filum 2. Use lyrd 1 ; cttlidrd 1 ; fides 
3 pi. 

Ep. tuneful, harmonious, tremulous, 
ApoUinean (ApoUin^Ss), Heliconian 
{Hi^icdniiis), Aonian (Adnids). 

CHOUGH — subst., perhaps gracUlus 
2, or con-US 2. [q. v. 

CHRISTEN, to— V. act. = to name, 

CHRONICLE— subst. See Annals. 

CHRONICLE, to— V. act. = to record, 
q. y. 

CHRONICLER— subst., scriptSr 3 m. 
(H.) ; aiictSr 3 m. Sometimes pSetd 1 
m. ; votes 3 m. 

Ep. veracious, lying, ancient, &c. 

CHRYSOLITE— subst., chrysSlithus 2. 

Ep. vellow. bright, &c. 

CHRYSOPRASE— subst., heryllUg 2. 

Ep. green, precious, &c. 

CHURCH — subst. Use templum 2; 
Edes 3 f . 

Phr., sacrd dSmiis (2 and 4 f.). 

Ep. ancient, moss-grown, marble, 
sacred. &c. 

CHURCHYARD— subst. - cemetery. 

CHURL— subst. 
(a) boor, q. v. 
(6) surly fellow. See Churlish. 



CHURLISH 



( 59 ) 



CLAN 



CHTJBLISH — adj., dgrestis, rusticus, 
Inhumdnus (H.), difflcllls (H.), incultus, 
dspg'r, morosus, malignus (Hor. Od. i. 
28, 23). 

CHUKN— V. act. — the sea (with 
oars), torquSo 2. Cf. sails icta frSquenti 
ulbescit pulsd f deles (Sil.). 

CIDEB — subst. Perhaps you may 
use sorhmn 2 (Verg. Georg. iii. 380). 

Ep. mellow, acid, &c. 

CINCTURE— subst. = girdle, q. v. 

CINDEE— subst.,/a/ tV^o 1 ; clnU 3 m. 

Ep. black, extinguished, dead, &c. 

CINNAMON — subst., clnndmum 2. 
Perhaps casla (Verg. Georg. ii. 466). 

CIPHER— subst., numSrus 2 (H.). 

CIRCLE— subst. 
(a) orhls 3 m. ; gyrus 2 ; metapb. rdta 1 

(Prop.). 

Ejj. perpetual, revolving, &c. 
(6) a circle of men, cdroim 1 ; ecetus 4. 

See Band (a). 

Ep. crowded, joyous, angry, &c. 

CIRCLET— subst., circulus 2 ; inffnilg 
3 n. ; torques 3 m. 

Ep. golden, gemmed, &c. 

CIRCUIT— subst., clrcfiltus 4 ; flexus 
4 ; orbls 3 m. ; gyrus 2 ; ambitus 4 (H.). 

Phr., to make a circuit, clrcum^o, irr. 

Ep. long, doubtful, obscure, &c. 

CIRCULAR— adj., rOtundus. 

Fhr., flexus In orbem, curved into a 
circle. 

CIRCUMFLUENT- adj., clrcumfluiis, 
eircum/usus. 

CIRCUMSCRIBE— V. act. = to limit, 
q. V. 

CIRCUMSPECT — adj. = cautious, 
q. V. 

CIRCUMSTANCE— subst., res 5. 

CIRCUMVENT, to— v. act. = to cheat, 
q. V. 

CIRCUS— subst., circus 2. Perhaps 
cavea 1 (tiers of seats); ciinii 2 pi. 
(blocks of seats); arena 1 (sand); 
pulvls 3 m. (dust); curriculum 2 
(course) ; spatld 2 pi. (laps). 

Ep. crowded, marble, cruel, &c. 

CISTERN— subst., lacus 4. 

Ep. cool, full, emptv, &c. 

CITADEL— subst., arx 3 f. ; some- 
times Capltolium 2 (used also in 
plural). 

Ep. fortified, high, rockv, safe, &c. 

CITE— V. act. = to call (6), q. v. 



CITIZEN— subst., clvls 3 m. 

Ep. brave, frightened, loyal, &c. 

CITRON— subst., citrus 2 f. (Lucan). 

CITRON— adj., citrgiis (Persius) ; 
citronwood, citrum 2 (Mart.). 

CITY— subst., urbs 3 f. 

Ep. beloved, familiar, fortified, 
crowded, hot, dusty, full of men, &c. ; 
famous, ancient, &c. 

CIVIC — adj., clvlciis, urbdnus. 

CIVIL— adj. 
(a) of or belonging to a city or state, 

civllls, urbdnus, clvlcus. 

Phr., civil war, civilS bellum, clvilld 
drmS, civlca belld, civllls vulnSra dextrse 
(Luc). 
(6) courteous, urbdnus, humdnus, comis, 

lenis, bSnlgnus. 

CIVILITY— subst. = courtesy, ofts^- 
qulum 2 ; bonltds 3 f. ; dementia 1 ; 
indulgentla 1. 

Ep. humble, manly, adroit, &c. 

CIVILIZE, to— V. act., emolllo 4; 
molllo 4. 

CLAD— part. = clothed. See Clothe, 

TO. 

CLAIM, to — V. act., vlndlco 1 ; dssSro 
3 ; drrogo 1 ; occupo 1 ; posed 3 ; pos- 
tulo 1. 

CLAIM^subst. Translate by verb, 
e.g. he lays claim to the whole world, 
totum slbi vlndlcat orbem. 

CLAMBER, to — v. neut. = to ascend, 
q. V. 

CLAMMY— adj. 

(a) cold, q. v. 

(b) sticky, tPndx, lentils. 
CLAMOROUS — adj., raucus, sdndns, 

frSmens, Idqudx. 

CLAMOUR— subst., cldmdr 3 m. ; 
strSpltus 4 ; fremitus 4 ; murmur 3 n. ; 
vox 3 f . 

Ep. harsh, warlike, angry, repeated, 
&c. 

CLAMOUR, to — v. neut.^ ddmo 1; 
cdncldmo 1 ; vocifSrdr 1 ; strSpo 3 ; frSmo 
3 ; and the substantives above with do 
(1), edo (3), mlsceo (2), &c. 

CLAMP — subst., cldvus 2. 

Ep. iron, adamantine, biting, &c. 

CLAN — subst., gens 3 ; ddmus, 2 and 
4f. 

Phr., gentiles manus (4 f. pi.) = clans- 
men. 

Ep. brave, loyal, united, &c. 



CLANDESTINE 



( 60 ) 



CLEKT 



CLANDESTINE— adj. = secret, q. v. 

CLANG — subst., ddngdr 3 m. ; 
ttridGr 3 m. 

Ep. brazen, loud, &c. 

CLANG, to — V. neut., s8no 1 ; rS- 
adno 1. 

CLANK, to — V. neut., strid^o 2; 
crSpo 1. 

CLANK— subst., striddr 3 m. 

Phr., tbe clank of chains, tractx 
catenae (1 pi.). 

CLAP, to — V. act., plaudo 3 ; incrfpo 1. 

CLAP — subst., (of thunder) tOnttru 4 ; 
fragdr 3 m. ; fulmSn 3 n. ; crepitus 4. 

Ep. loud, repeated, heavenly, &c. 

CLAPPING — subst., (of hands) 
plausm 4. Use olsofavifr 3 m. 

Ep. favouring (s^cundus), repeated, 
joyous, &c. 

CLABION — subst., lltuug 2. Use 
also tuba 1 ; cornu 4. 

Ep. clear, tnartial, dread, &c. 

CLASH, to — V. neut., s8nd 1 ; str^po 
3 ; cr^po 1 ; crSpltd 1. 

CLASH — subst., ddngSr 3 m. ; sSnitus 
4 ; strSpUus 4 ; crepitus 4. 

Ep. brazen, harsh, loud, &c. 

CLASHING— adj. Often render by 
adjectives compounded with sSnus, 
e.g. drmisffniis, with clashing arms. 

CLASP — subst. 

(a) huckle, fibula 1. 

Ep. curved, tenacious, biting, &c. 

(b) embrace, q. v., dmplexus 4; com- 
plexes 4. 

Ep. close, loving, maternal, &c. 

CLASP, to — V. act. 
(a) to buckle, necto 3; gSbmdo 3; 

dfhib^o 2. 
(6) to embrace, dmplecWr 3; com- 

plectSr 3. 

CLASS — subst., ordo 3 m. 

CLATTEE, to— V. neut., erSpHio 1 ; 
crSpo 1 ; str?po 3 ; strSplto 1 ; sOno 1. 

CLATTEE — subst. = noise, q. v. 

CLAW — subst., unguis 3 m. 

Phr., pes (3 m.) uncus (lit. hooked 
foot). 

Ep. tenacious, cruel, &c. 

CLAY — subst., drgilla 1 ; Ititum 2. 

Ep. moist, sticky, white, yellow, &c. 

CLAY-COLD— adj. = lifeless, q. v. 

CLEAN— adj. _ 

(a) literally mundus, lautUs, puriis, 

nUldus. 



(b) innocent, inndcens, purBs, Inndctius, 
insons, immunis, cdstus, pliis, inUgSty 
intfinSrdtus. 

Phr., slnS lab?, without stain. 

CLEAN — adv. = quite, q. v. 

CLEAN, CLEANSE, to— v. act. 
(a) picrgo 1 ; Idvo 1 and 3 ; abliio 3 ; 

eluo 3 ; perluo 3 ; tergfo 2. 
(6) in religious sense, lustro 1 ; purgo 1 ; 

plo 1 ; perhaps spdrgo 3. 

CLEAB — adj. 
(a) bright, q. v. 
(6) serene, (a clear sky) sSrenus, llqut- 

dus, lucldiis, sudiis. 

(c) of water, limpldSs, lllimts, drgentSUs, 
vltrSus, llquidus, pellucidus. 

(d) evident, cldrus, manifestus, certus. 
It is clear, liquet. 

(e) guiltless, insons, inndcens, integer. 
(/) of sound, drgutus, cldrus, sdndrUSy 

c&Tidrm, cldrtsdnus (Cat.). To grow 
clear, cldresco 3. 
(gf) of ground, e.g. clear of trees, jmrua 
ab drbdribus. 
CLEAB, to — V. act. 

(a) to make clear, (of the sky) sSrend 1 ; 
(of wine) llquo 1. 

(b) from guilt, purgo 1 ; excuso 1 ; 
solvo 3 ; dbsolvo 3 ; libSro 1. 

(c) to remove obstacles, purgo 1. 

(d) to leap over, trdnsillo 4. 

V. neut., (the sky clears) splen- 

dssco 3 ; nltesco 3. 

Phr., sol/ugat nubes, the sun scatters 
the clouds. 

CLEAELY — adv., aperte, llqnldoy 
palam. Comp. more clearly, manl- 
festius. 

CLEARNESS— subst. 
(a) brightness, q. v. 
(6) of sounds, translate by adj. or 

verb. 

CLEAVE, to— V. neut. (with "to") 
= to adhere, q. v. 

V. act. = to split, findo 3; 

diffindo 3 ; scindo 3 ; dlverbSro 1 ; 
dimSvSo 2 ; divldo 3 ; to cleave a fur- 
row in land or sea, infindo (3) sulcum. 

CLEAVER— subst., culter 2. 

Ep. sharp, deadly, &c. 

CLEFT — &A}., fissits, bifidus, trifidus 
(cleft in three), multlfldus, bUulcuSy 
fissilis (lit. cleavable), bifurciis. 

CLEFT — subst., rlma 1. 

Ep. narrow, &c. 



CLEMENCY 



( 61 ) 



CLOTHE 



flEMENCT — subst., dementia 1; 
bdnitds 3 f. ; indulgentla 1 ; v^Jita 1. 

Ep. benignant, pious, &c. 

CLEMENT— adj. = kind, q. v. 

CLENCH, to— V. act., figo 3 (the 
first). Use mindr (1) or minltdr (1), to 
tlireaten, &c. 

CLEEK — subst., scrlba 1 (H.) ; = 
clergyman, sacerdos 3 m. 

Ep. learned, diligent, &c. 

CLEVEB— adj. 
(a) dextgr, cdllldus, sollers, p^ritus, 

dvctus, sagdx, ingenlosHs. 
(h) in bad sense, vSfer, dtRoms, subdS- 

lus, astutus (H.), versutus, iiigSniosug. 

CLEVEELY— adv., soUertifr, hSnS, 
dvcfe (Juv.). 

CLEVEENESS — subst., pirltia 1; 
drs 3 ; acumSn 3 ; cdlliditas 3 ; ingS- 
nium 2. 

CLIENT— subst., clteiis 3 m. ; fem. 
clients 1. 

I'lp. anxious, fearful, loyal, &c. 

CLIFF — subst., rupes 3 f. ; scdpulus 
2 ; cautes 3 f . ; sdxum 2 ; iilex 3 m. 
and f. 

Ep. beetling, aerial, rocky, &c. 

CLIMATE — subst., caelum 2; Um- 
pSrles 5 ; JupltSr 3. 

Ep. genial, mild, cold, cruel, &c. 

CLIMB, to — V. act. and neut. = to 

CLIMBING — adj., (of a flower) 
flextpes (Ov.) ; flexilis, sSquax. 

CLIME — subst., reglo 3 f. ; tr actus 4 ; 
Idcus, irr. ; finis 3 pi. f. ; orbis 3 m. ; 
terra 1 ; plaga 1 ; ord 1 ; llttus 3 n. ; 
sedes 3 f. 

l']p. foreign. Northern, Eastern, &c. ; 
cold, hot, &c. 

CLING, to— V. act. 
(o) to adhere, hmrSo 2 ; adhaerSo 2 ; 

Jungdr 3 ; udjungSr 3 ; conjungdr 3. 
(h) clasp, dmplectdr 3; complectdr 3. 

CLINGING — adj., dmbitiosus, hxrens, 
lentus. 

CLIP, to — V. act. 
(a) literally tond^o 2. 
(ft) to cut short, trunco 1 ; r?cido 3. 

CLIPPED— adj. (of a hedge) tmsilig. 

CLOAK— subst. 
(a) lacerna 1 ; chlamps 3 f. ; pdlla 1 ; 

pallium 2 ; abolla 1 (Juv.) ; sagum 2 

(military cloak) ; Uena 1 ; psenuld 1 



(H., Mart.); sagulum 2 (Mart.); 

endrOmls 3 f. (Mart.). 

Ep. woollen, thick, threadbare, &c. 
(6) a means of concealing, tegmin 

3n. 

CLOCK — subst., clepsydra 1 (Mart.; 
lit. a water clock). 

Phr., what's o' clock ? Mra qudta est ? 
(H.) 

CLOD — subst. 
(a) lit. glebd 1 ; cxspSs 3 m. 

Ep. heavy, moist, dry, &c. 
(6) = boor, q. v. 

CLOG, to — V. act., impSdlo 4 ; obstrHo 
3. 

Phr., to clog the senses, hShSto 1. 

CLOG — subst., 8nus 3 n. ; m&rd 1. 

Ep. heavv, troublesome, &c. 

CLOISTEE— subst. 

(a) portlcus 4 f. ; cdlumnse 1 pi. (lit. 
columns) ; umbra 1 (lit. shade). 

(b) convent, q. v. 

Ep. long, marble, shady, ancient, &c. 

CLOSE, to — V. act. 
(a) to shut, claudo 3; concludo 3; 

prSma 3 ; dstringo 3. 
(&) to end, q. v. To close the ranks, 

dddenso (1) deles (Verg.); to close 

the eyes of the dead, comprlmo 3 

(Ov. Her. i. 102). 

CLOSE, to — V. neut. Use pass, of 
previous verb. 

CLOSE — subst. = end, q. v. 

CLOSE — adj. 
(a) densus, densdtus, spissus, confertus, 

(of stuflT) subtills, tSrSs (of meshes of 

net), 
(i) of neighbourhood = adjacent, q. v. 

(c) intimate, q. v. 

CLOSE to — prep., juxtd, prSpS. 

CLOSED — adj., clausus, junctGs (of 
doors, windows, &c.). 

CLOSELY— adv. = narrowly (&), q. v. 

CLOSET — subst., perhaps celld 1 
(Mart.). 

CLOT — subst., (of blood) phr., sdnguls 
(3 m.) or crudr (3 m.) concretus. 

Ep. dark, dreadful, &c. 

CLOTH— subst., linum 2 ; tela 1 ; 
textum 2; texturd 1 (Prop.). Some- 
times vestls 3 ; tegmSn 3 n. ; pdnnus 2 
(Hor. Od. i. 35, 22). 

Ep. fine, coarse, thick, light, warm, 
&c. 

CLOTHE, to — ^v. act., vestio 4 ; induo 



CLOTHES 



( 62 ) 



COCK 



3 ; veld 1 ; t^go 3 ; SpSrlo 4 ; circumdo 1 ; 
clngo 3 ; orrw 1 ; exorno 1. 

CLOTHES — subst., vMU 3 f. ; vestUus 
4; vestlmentum 2; amictus 4; veldm^n 
3 n. ; (dark clothes) jjwHa 2 pi. Use 
particular garments, e.g. cloak, tunic, 
&c. 

Ep. rich, mean, white, coloured, &c. 

CLOTTED — part., concretus, cdddus. 

CLOUD — subst., nubes 3 f. ; nubila 2 
pi. ; nimbus 2 (storm cloud) ; nSbula 1 
(mist.) ; luna 1 (fleecy clouds). Some- 
times substitute prdcella 1 (storm); 
tempestds 3 f. (storm) ; pluvla 1 (rain) ; 
iinbSr 3 m. (shower) ; cloud of smoke, 
lAgri spatlosa vdlumlna fumi (Lucan. iii. 
505). 

Ep. A. white, calm, gilded, aerial, 
sunny, shady, &c. B. grim, black, 
stormy, low, threatening, &c. 

CLOUD, to — V. act. = to obscure, 
obscuro 1 ; tffgo 3 ; Sbumbro 1 ; Spdco 1 ; 
condo 3. 

Phr., nShulam spdrgo 3 (Hor. Od. iii. 
15, 6). 

CLOUD-BORN— adj., mibiggna 1. 

CLOUDLESS — adj., inmibiUs (Lu- 
cret.), sirenus, purus, alhus. 

Phr., slnS nubg. 

CLOIFDY — adj., nublliis, niwbdsQs, 
nublfSr (lit. cloud-bringing), nSbulogUs 
(Prop.). Often obscurus, opdcus, tSne- 
brosus, csecus, subnubllls ; (of the brow) 
Miuctus. 

CLOVEN — adj., bisulcug (cloven- 
footed), blfidus. 

CLOVEB — subst. Use medica, some- 
times Mrba 1, grdmSn 3 n., cytisus 2, 
mSlllotds. 

Ep. green, abundant, sweet, &c. 

CLOWN — subst. = boor, q. v. 

CLOWNISH— adj.=boorish, q. v. 

CLOY, to — V. act., sailo 1 ; exsatio 1 ; 
exsaturo 1 ; expUo 2 ; Idsso 1 ; fatlgo 1. 

CLUB — subst. 
(a) fmtls 3 m. ; ddva 1 ; stlpSs 3 m. ; 

robur 3. 

Ep. oaken, iron, strong, familiar, 
uplifted, &c. 
(fe) association, perhaps sdddlUium 2. 

CLUB-BE AEING — adj., cldvigSr. 

CLUE — subst. = a guiding thread, 
filum 2. 

Ep. sure, doubtful, friendly, &c. 

CLUMP — subst., (of trees) use 



drbustum 2 ; friitlcetum 2 ; more gene- 
rally sllva 1, liicus 2, n?mus 3 n. ; or. 
names of trees, e.g. quercus 4 f., ulmus 
2f. 

Ep. leafv, shady, ancient, &c. 

CLUSTEE— subst. 
(a) of grapes, racemus 2. 
(ft) of stars, sidtis 3 n. ; dstra 2 pi. 

(c) of berries, cdrymbm 2 (usually ivy). 

(d) of warriors, &c., gWbus 2 ; exdmSn 
3n. 

CLUSTEE, to— V. neut. 
(a) to form clusters, use gl&mSro 1, or 

gl8m?r6r 1. 
(6) to cluster round, cingo 3 ; itipo 1 ; 

gl6m?rSr 1. 

CLUSTEE-CEOWNED — adj., race- 
mifcr. 

CLUTCH, to— V. act., prtliendo 3; 
prendo 3 ; prenso 1 ; corrlplo 3 ; drri- 
plo 3. 

CLUTCH — subst., usually in plural ; 
e.g. to escajje the clutches of, us© 
manus 4 f. 

COACH — subst. = carriage, q. v. 

COAL — subst. Use cdrbo 3 m. or 
ligna 2 pi. (firewood) ; favilla 1, pruna 
1 (these two of live coals). 

Ep. black, dug out, &c. 

COAESE — adj. 
(a) boorish, q. v. 
(6) of cloth, &c., crdssus, splssus, densus. 

COAST — subst., ora 1; littus 3 n. 
Use arena 1 (sand). 

Ep. winding, sandy, rocky, &c. 

COAST, to — V. neut. 

Phr., Oram Ugo (3), rddo (3), prSter- 
vShdr (3), prxldbSr (3), I coast along 
the shore. 

COAT — subst. 
(a) Use tdga 1 ; tunica 1. 

Ep. thick, warm, &c. 
(6) of animals, pellU 3 f. 

Ep. shaggy, smooth, &c. 

(c) of arms (in heraldry), use insignS 
3 n. ; spScimSn 3 n. 

Ep. ancestral, honourable, &c. 

(d) of mail, lorica 1. 

Ep. brazen, rough (squdlens, Verg.). 
COAX, to — V. act. See Alluke, to. 
COAXING— adj., bldndus. 
COBWEB— subst., tela 1; stdmSn 3 
n. ; cdsses 3 m. pi. ; fila 2 pi. 
Ep. fine, dewy, deceitful, &c. 
COCK— subst.", gdlliis 2. 



COCiCADE 



( <33 ) 



COLT 



Phr., cristdtus dlSs, lucls prxnuntlus 
alS» (3 m.). 

Ep. early, bold, crested, &c. 

COCK&.I)£ — subst. Use taenia 1. 

COCKATOO— subst. Use pslttacus 2. 

COCKATEICE — subst. = basilisk, 
q. V. 

CODE — subst., ^of laws) use lihrl 2 
pi. ; vSlurinna 3 n. pi. 

Ep. ancient, sacred, &c. 

COEBCE — V. act. = to compel, q. v. 

COEVAL — adj., sequdlis. 

COFFEE — subst. = chest, q. v. 

COFFIN — subst., area 1 (H.) ; sdndd- 
pila 1 ( Juv.). Use fSretrum 2 (a bier). 

COGNATE — adj., cogmlus. 

COGNIZANCE— subst., udt'dla 1. 

CO-HEIR— subst., cdhEres 3 m. (H.) 

COHERE, to — V. neut., hxr?d 2 ; c8- 
hserSo 2 ; udhxr^o 2 ; connectdr 3 ; jun- 
gSr 3 ; cdnjumjCir 3. 

COHORT— subst., cohors Z i. See 
Band (a). 

Ep. armed, warlike, «S:c. 

COIL, to — V. act., (of a serpent) phr., 
In spiram se colllgerS. 

COIL — subst., (of a serpent) splra 1 ; 
v6lumen 3 n. ; orhU 3 m. ; f exits 4 ; 
gyrus 2 ; nodus 2. 

Ep. twisted, huge, &c. 

COIN, to — V. act., signo 1. 

COIN — subst., slips 3 f. ; nummus 
or numus 2 (H.) ; ndmlsma 3 n. (H.). 
See Money. 

Ep. stamped, gold, &c. 

COINAGE — subst., mffneta 1. 

COLD— adj. 

(a) frigidus, g^lidus, digens, egSlldus 
(coldish, also very cold), glacidlis, 
rigldus, pruinosus, hihernus, hrumdlls, 
prEfrigidus, rlgens, frlgens. 

(b) of the heart; metaphorical. See 
Hard. 

Phr., in cold blood, prudens. 

COLD — subst., frigus 3 n. ; some- 
times rlgdr 3 m., gfflu 4 ; hiems 3 f. ; 
bruma 1 ; BSrSds 1 ; BScemhSr 3 m. ; 
prutna 1. 

Ep. piercing, Northern, winter, 
bitter, unseasonable, &c. 

COLLAPSE— V. neut., corriid 3. 

COLLAR — subst., m^ni?? 3 n. ; torqvls 
3 m. ; (Arculus 2. 

Ep. flexible, golden, honourable, &c.. 



COLLEAGUE— «ubst., coUega 1 m. r 
sometimes sdctus 2, consors 3 m. 

Phr., the consul and his colleague,. 
cum consuls consul. 

Ep., loval, friendly, &c. 

COLLECT, to— V. act. 
(a) of things, colllgo 3 ; cogo 3 ; con- 

g?rd 3 ; dgggro 3 ; dggero 1 ; dccumuld- 

1 ; eumulo 1 ; cdacervo 1 ; struo 3 ; 

exstruo 3 ; gJ&merd 1 ; conflro, irr. 
(6) of persons. See Assemble, to. 
_COLLEGE— subst., collegium 2 (H.) ; 
c(ztus 4 ; consessus 4 : but more often 
use Athens (1 pi.), Musdrum, or doc- 
trinse sedes (3 f.), Academl sllva (1), 
&c. 

COLLIDE— V. neut., coUldSr 3; illl- 
ddr 3 ; impingOr 3. 

COLLISION — subst., concursvis 4 ; 
impetus 4; fiictus 4; conflictus 4 (in 
Cic). 

Ep. sudden, adverse, &c. 

COLLOQUY- subst., colldquium 2. 

Ep. short, peaceful, &c. 

COLONEL — subst., perhaps trlhunus 
2. 

COLONIST— subst., cSlonus 2. 

COLONNADE— subst., portlcus 4 f. ; 
cdlumnas 1 pi. (lit. columns). 

Ep. long, shadv, cool, &c. 

COLONY— subst., cdldnld 1 (Cat.) ; 
perhaps provincla 1 (Juv.). 

Ep. distant, &c. 

COLOSSAL— adj., ingens, vdsttis, im- 
mdnls, siiblimls, immensus. 

COLOSSUS— subst., cdlossus 2. 

COLOUR— subst. 
(a) cOlOr 3 m. 
(6) of dye, cdlUr 3 m. ; fucus 2 ; mSdl- 

cdmSn 3 n. 

(c) of the face, c8l^ 3 m. ; rvMr 3 m. 

(d) in plural, colours = banner, q. v. 
COLOUR — adj., of one colour, uni- 

cdlSr. 

COLOUR, to — V. £w;t., cdloro 1 ; ping& 
3 ; Vmgo 3 ; infield 3 ; fuco 1, m?dlco 1 
(the last two used of dye) ; imbuo 3. 

v. neut. = to blush, q. v. 

COLOURLESS— adj. = pale, q. v. 

COLT — subst., perhaps pullus (cL 
Verg. Georg. iii. 75). 

Phr., equus trimus, a three-year old. 

Ep. high-bred, spirited, shy, tender, 
&c. 



COLUMN 



( 64 ) 



COMMEND 



COLUMN— subst. 

(a) ciRumna 1 ; cHlumSn 3 n. (usually 
in figurative sense). 

Ep. upstanding, high, marble, &c. 

<(?)) of soldiers, agmfti 3 n. 
Ep. dense, armed, long, &c. 
COMB— subst. 

<(a) for the hair, &c., pectin 3 m. Some- 
times use dens 3 m. (tlie tooth of 
"the comb); e.g. ?hurno dentS, with 
an ivory comb. 
Ep. toothed, boxwood, ivory, &c. 

(b) of a cock, crista 1 (Juv.). 
Ep. red, high, &c. 

■(c) of bees, favus 2 ; also cellse 1 pi. 

(ihe cells) ; mel 3 n. (honey). 

Ep. yellow, waxen, &c. 

COMB — V. act., pecto 3 ; como 3 ; dls- 
pono 3; orno 1. 

COMBAT, to— V. neut. = to fight, 
<q. V. 

V. act. = to oppose, q. v. 

COMBAT— subst. = battle, q. v. 

COMBATANT— subst. = enemy, q. v. 

COMBATIVE — adj., pugndx. 

Phr., promptus ad drma, ready for 
■arms ; avldus pugnx, greedy of fight, 
^c. 

COMBE — subst. = valley, saltUs 4; 
vdllis 3 f . ; rScessus 4 ; latebras 1 pi. ; 
'convdllls 3 f. 

Ep. grassy, woody, green, retired, &c. 

COMBINE, to — V. act. and neut. = to 
unite, q. v. 

COME, to — V. neut. 
(fi) to approach, vSnlo 4 ; udi!o, irr. ; 

udv?nld 4 ; dccedo 3 ; suh?o, irr. ; dd- 

vento 1 ; prOpinquo 1 ; ddsum, irr. 
(?)) to come of (of birth) = born, q. v. 

(c) to come otf = to escape, q. v. 

('d) to come over to the side of = to 

join, q. V. 
<(e) to come to oneself, rSvlvlsco 3 ; rSsl- 

pisco 3 ( Prop.). 

Phr., rScoUigo me, ad me rSd?o (H.). 
(J) to come to pass = to happen, q. v. 
(■gf) Phr., time to come = future, q. v. 

COMEDIAN — subst., comcedus 2 
i(Juv.) ; sometimes mimus 2. 

Ep. jesting, merry, imitative, &c. 

COMEDY — subst., comoedia 1 (H.) ; 
more usually, soceus (lit. the comic 
«lipper). 

Ep. Attic (AttleQs), witty, learned, 



COMELINESS— subst. = beauty, q. v. 

COMELY— adj. = beautiful, q. v. 

COMEE— subst., hosjii's 3 m. 

COMET- subst., comets 1 m. 

Phr.,/«x (3 f.) or stelld (1) crinita or 
dfmdns (lit. with long hair). 

Ep. wandering, swift, recurring, &c. 

COMFORT, to— sdldr 1 ; consoldr 1. 

Plir., I?v6 (1), leiiio (4), dfflorem, &c. 

COMFORT— subst., soldtlum 2 ; sold- 
mSn 3 n. ; Uvdm^n 3 n. ; lenirMn 3 n. ; 
dlldquium 2 ; ddmOnltus 4. 

Ep. ready, friendly, gentle, vain, 
pretended, &c. 

COMFORTABLE— adj., grdtusjucun- 
diis, diilcU, securus, placidus, quietus. 

COMFORTER— subst., soldtdr 3 m. 
(Tib.). 

COMFORTLESS— adj., incdnsolSbtlU. 
See Miserable. 

COMIC, COMICAL— adj. 
(o) comicus (H.). 
(6) funny, Ifpidus (H.), jdcosiis. 

Fhr., jSco plenus. 

COMING — subst., ddi-entSs 4 ; aditus 
4 ; dccessus 4 ; ingressus 4 ; intrffitus 4 ; 
sometimes via 1, itifr 3 n. 

Ep. sudden, unlooked-for, &c. 

COMING— adj. = future, q. v. 

COMMAND, to— V. act. 

(a) to bid, Jubgo 2 ; edico 3 ; imp^ro 1 ; 
■ prseclplo 3 ; mdndo 1 ; prsescriho 3. 

(b) to govern, ImpPro 1 ; r?go 3 ; prse- 
sum, irr. ; ImpMto 1 ; mddSrIk 1 ; 
temper 6 1 ; ddmindr 1. 
COMMAND— subst. 

(a) order, jussum 2 ; mdnddtum 2 ; 

prxceptum 2 ; dictum 2 ; ImpSrlum 

2 ; missiis 4. 

Ep. stem, royal, repeated, &c. 
(6) authority, impkrlum 2 ; dltlo 3 f. ; 

regnum 2 ; pdtestds 3 f . ; dri>ttriuin 2. 

Ep. unbridled, wide, &c. 

COMMANDER— subst. = chief, q. v. 

COMMANDMENT — subst. = com- 
mand (a), q. V. 

COMMEMORATE— V. act., m^mOro 
1 ; commenulro 1 ; narro 1 ; rffSro, irr. ; 
c^ebro 1 ; laudo 1 ; caiio 3 ; canclno 3 ; 
canto 1. 

COMMENCE, to— V. act. and neut. 
= to begin, q. v. 

COMMENCEMENT — subst. = be- 
ginning, q. V. 

COMMEND, to— V. act. 



COMMERCE 



( 65 ) 



COMPLAINT 



(a) to recommend, commendo 1 ; trddo 
3 (H.) ; sometimes cdnclllo (Ov. Trist. 
m. xi. 42 ; IV. V. 14 ; Med. Fac. 44). 

(b) to entrust, credo 3 ; mando 1 ; trddo 
3. 

(c) to praise, q.v. 

COHUEBCE — subst., mercdtura 1 
(H.). Use 7nerx 3 f. 

Phr., merces midar?, to traffic. 

COMMISEEATE— V. act. = to pity, 
q.v. 

COMMISSION— subst. = charge (b), 
q.v. 

COMMIT, to — V. act. 

(a) to entrust, credo 3 ; mando 1 ; trado 
3. _ 

(b) a crime, commltto 3 ; audSo 2 ; fen<o 
1 ; ddmltto 3 (H.) ; ad^Trr^r 4. 
Phr., peeco 1. 

COMMODORE— subst. See Captain. 
COMMON— adj. 

(o) common to two or more persons, 

communU, often sdctus. " For the 

common use " or " common good," 

in medium ; " from the common 

stock," e inSdio ; lands in common, 

tmmetiitd jug^ra (Hor. Od. iii. 24, 12). 
(6) vulgar, vulgaris, ignobllls, vills, hu- 

mllis. 

Phr., de plebS. 
(e) well-known, publlcus, notus, usitdtus. 

COMMON — subst., i>erhaps cdmpus 2 ; 
SgSr 1 ; pldnltles 5 ; xrjudr 3 n. ; or use 
prdtum 2, puscua 2 pi. 

Ep. grassy, overgrown with heather, 
&c. ; breezy, wide, &c. 

COMMONLY— adv. = often, q. v. 

COMMONS— subst.. plebs 3 f. 

COMMONWEALTH — subst., cwn- 
munS 3 n. ; civltds 3 f. 

Phr., res (5) summd. 

COMMOTION — subst., tumultus 4 ; 
tttottis 4 ; seditio 3 f. 

Ep. fierce, foolish, civil, headlong, 
mad, bloody, &c. 

COMMXINE, to — V. neut. = to con- 
verse, q. V. 

COMMUNION— subst. = fellowship, 
q.v. 

COMMUTE, to — V. act., perhaps 
minSo 3 : I fro 1. 

COMPACT— subst. = bargain, q. v. 

COMPANION — subst. = comrade, q.v. 

COMPANY— subst. 
(a) band (a), q. v. 



(b) boon companions, concivee 1 pi. ; 
perhaps sdddlitlum 2. 
COMPARABLE— adj., pdr, pSrllls, 

compur, slmilis, conslmllls, dsslmllls. 

COMPARE, to — V. act., confgro, irr. ; 
comparo 1 ; compjotio 3 ; dsslmllo 1 ; 
xquo 1 ; ezsequo 1 ; xqulparo 1. 

COMPARE, COMPARISON — subst. 
Translate by phrases, e.g. beautiful 
beyond compare, pulchrS dntS allds, or 
prse cunctis; there is no comparison 
between them, luin sequlpardrS licSt. 

COMPARISON — prep., in comparison 
with, prse. 

COMPASS, to— V. act. 
(a) to traverse, lugtro 1 ; circumSo, irr. 
(V) to surround, clngo 3 ; circumdo 3. 

(c) to besiege, q. v. 
(cZ) to attain, q. v. 

COMPASS— subst. 
(a) limit, finis 3 m. and f. ; terminus 2. 
(6) pair of compasses, circlnus 2 (no 

authority in verse), 
(c) mariners' compass, perhaps Cpnd- 

sura 1 (lit. polestar) ; Arctds 2 (Great 

or Little Bear) ; or aciis 4 f . (needle). 

Phr., Sous mdgtcd or certd. 

Ep. dear to sailors, sure, &c. 

COMPASSION— subst. = pity, q. v. 

COMPASSIONATE — adj. = pitiful, 
Clemens, plus, mltls, hSnlgnus. 

COMPEL, to — V. act. = to force, 
eogo 3 ; ddlgo 3 ; suhlgo 3 ; compello 3. 

COMPENSATE, to— v. act., compenso 
1 ; penso 1 ; xqtto 1 ; rfpendo 3 ; lequl- 
puro 1. 

COMPETE, to— V. neut., to compete 
with = to rival, q. v. 

COMPETITOR — subst., semulus 2; 
rivdlls 3 m. 

Ep. jealous, eager, honourable, 
&c. 

COMPILE, to — V. act., cdndo 3; 
compono 3 ; scrlbo 3 ; conscribo 3. 

COMPLAIN, to— V. neut., qu^rHr 3 ; 
conqufrdr 3 ; d6l?o 2 ; ploro 1 ; g?mo 3 ; 
ingSmo 3 ; lugSo 2 ; fieo 2 ; deflvo 2 ; 
deploro 1 ; comploro 1 ; l&crlmdr 1. 

Phr., insSlentSr ferrS. 

COMPLAINT — subst., questus 4 ; 
querela 1 ; qu^rlmonld 1 ; luctus 4 
gSmltus 4 ; sometimes nsenld 1. 

Ep. just, unjust, perpetual, womanly, 
vain, sad, repeated, &c. 



COMPLAISANCE 



( 66 ) 



CONCEITED 



'COMPLAISANCE — subst. = indul- 
gence, q. V. 

COMPLAISANT — adj. = indulgent, 
q. V. 

COMPLETE— adj. 

(a) ended, per/ectus, confectSs, exactue. 

(b) perfect, perfectus, eximliis. 
Phr., MM carens, iXnS ISbS. 
COMPLETE, to — V. act. = to finish, 

q. V. 

COMPLETELY — adv. = altogether, 
q. V. 

COMPLEX — adj., confusus, multiplex. 

COMPLEXION— subst. 

(a) of the face, facies 5; vuitui 4; 
OS 3 n. 

Phr., hahUus (4) oris. 
Ep. rosy, pale, &c. 

(b) of actions, use cdldr 3 m. (H.). 
COMPLIANCE — subst., obs^qulum 2. 
COMPLIANT— adj. = yielding, q. v. 
COMPLICATE, to— V. act., mlsced 2 ; 

turbo 1 ; con/undo 3. 

COMPLIMENT — subst., blandimen- 
tum 2 ; bidnditlx 1 pi. 

COMPLIMENT, to— v. act.,Uandidr 
4; aduldr 1. In good sense, laudo 1. 

COMPLY, to — V. neut., to comply 
with = to yield to, cedo 3 ; coneedo 3. 

COMPOSE, to— V. act. 
(a) to put together, compono 3 ; condo 3 

verses). 

Phr., nectSrS verba numSris (Ov.). 
Sometimes evlgllo 1 = to compose 
laboriously (Ov. Tr. i. i. 108). So, 
too, vlgllatum carman in ipsds, a song 
composed on themselves (.4. A. ii. 285). 
(6) to calm, q. v. 

COMPOSED— adj. = calm, q. v. 

COMPOSEE — subst. = author, q. v. 

COMPOSUBE — subst. Translate by 
adj., plucldus, tranquillus ; e.g. with 
composure, placldo orS, tranquillo pec- 
Wr?, &c. 

COMPOUND, to — V. act. = to mix, 
q. V. 

COMPOUND — adj. = complex, q. v. 

COMPKEHEND, to— v. act. 

(a) to understand, Intelllgo 3 ; perclplo 
3. 

(b) to include, contlnSo 2 ; tin^o 2 ; 
complectSr 3 ; indudo 3 ; dmplectdr 3. 
COMPBESS, to — V. act., prffmo 3; 

coinprlmo 3 ; urgSo 2 ; cogo 3. 



COMPBISE, to— V. act. = to com- 
prehend (6), q. V. 

COMPBOMISE — subst. See Bar- 
gain. 

COMPBOMISE, to— V. act. 
(a) to settle, perhaps dlrhno 3; coni- 

pesco 3 ; compono 3. 
(fc) to jeopardize, perhaps objecto 1 

pSrlcUs. 

COMPULSION— subst., vis 3 f. Use 
the verb to compel. 

Phr., I did it under compulsion, 
invitus feci. 

Ep. steru, irresistible, &c. 

COMPUNCTION — subst., perhaps 
d^ldr 3 m. 

Phr., mens conscla culpx. 

COMPUTE, to— V. act. = to calculate, 
num^ro 1 ; dinuinSro 1 ; xstlmo 1. 

COMBADE— subst., djmPs 3 m. (lit- 
fellow-traveller) ; sQclils 2 (lit. partner) ; 
sdddlls 3 (lit. boon companion) ; can- 
sors 3 m. (lit. partner in, followed by 
genitive) ; xqualls 3 m. (lit. one of the 
same age); compar 3 m. 

Ep. trusty, beloved, treacherous, 
perjured, &c. 

COMBADESHIP — subst., commat- 
tlum 2 ; sdddlitlum 2. 

CON, to — V. act. = to learn, q. v. 

CONCAVE — adj., cavSs, cdncavSs, 
eonvexus, &c. 

CONCEAL, to — V. act., celo 1 ; tCgo 3 ; 
abdo 3 ; condo 3 ; Sbscondo 3 ; occulo 3 ; 
occulto 1 ; prxtexo 3 ; obdiico 3 ; some- 
times f4c^d 2. Sometimes disslmulo 1 ; 
e.g. disslmulat cHlpam, he conceals his 
fault, i.e. pretends that it does not 
exist. So, too, disslmuldtiis, concealing, 
e.g. disslmuldta dSam, concealing her 
divinitv. 

CONCEALED— adj. See Hidden. 

CONCEALED, to be— v. neut., latfo 2 ; 
latlto 1 ; delltesco 3 ; and passive voice 
of verb " to conceal." 

CONCEALMENT — subst. = hiding- 
place, q. v. 

CONCEDE, to— V. act. = to yield, 
coneedo 3. 

V. neut. = to yield to, cida 3 ; 

coneedo 3. 

CONCEIT— subst. 
(a) idea, fancy, perhaps Imago 3 f. 
(6) vanitv, q. v. 

CONCEITED— adj. = vain, q. v. 



CONCEIVE 



( 67 ) 



CONDUCT 



CONCEIVE, to— V. act. 
(a) concipTo 3. 
(6) to imagine, concipid 3; volvo 3; 

mSdltdr 1 ; verso 1 ; a(/r<o 1 ; molidr 4 ; 

/l7igo 3. 

CONSENT — subst., concentiis 4. 

Ep. liarmonioos, united, tuneful, &c. 

CONCENTRATE, to— v. act. = to 
assemble, q. v. 

CONCEEN, to— V. act. 

(a) to belong to, q. v. 

(b) to disturb, turbo 1 ; sollicUo 1 ; 
vexo 1 ; crScio 1 ; mSv^o 2 ; gravo 1. 
CONCERN— subst., res 5. 

Phr., it is no concern of mine, non 
est mSum. 

CONCERNING— prep., de or siipffr 
with ablative. 

CONCERT, to— V. act. = to contrive, 
compono 3 ; inPo, irr. ; innecto 3 ; struo 
3 ; jungo 3 ; miscSo 2 ; cammiacSo 2. 

CONCERT— subst. 
(a) union of design, dssensus 4; co/i- 

sen»us 4. 

Phr., to act in concert, consentirg 4. 
{&) of music, concentiis 4; symphonld 

(H.). 

CONCESSION— subst. Translate by 
verb, e.g. he made concessions, cJ/i- 
cessit; by your concession, <e conce- 
denti, &c. 

CONCH — subst. = shell, concha 1. 

CONCILIATE, to— V. act. 

(a) to win, concTlio 1 ; paro 1 ; com- 
paro 1. 

(b) to appease, q. v. 
CONCISE— adj. = brief, q. v. 
CONCISELY— adv. = briefly, q. v. 
CONCLAVE — subst. = assembly, q. v. 
CONCLUDE, to — V. act. = t^ end, 

«dnflcid 3 ; finio 4 ; exlqo 3 ; cZomcZo 3 ; 
pSrago 3 ; explSo 2. 

Phr., to conclude a treaty, fcediia 
/acW 3, jungo 3, sdncio 4, &c. 

CONCLUSION— subst. = end, q. v. 

CONCOCT, to — V. act. = to concert, 
q. V. 

CONCORD— subst. 
<^a) Concordia 1 ; sometimes pax 3 f. ; 

amicitia 1 ; faedus 3 n. 

Ep. peaceful, friendly, united, &c. 
(b) in music, concordid 1 ; concentiis 4. 

Ep. harmonious, tuneful, &c. 

CONCORDANT— adj., concors, ununl- 
mils, (of sounds) consSnus. 



CONCOURSE — subst., concursug 4; 
frSquentia 1 ; turha 1. 

Ep. dense, excited, frightened, noisy, 
seditious, &c. 

CONCUBINE— subst., pellex 3 f. 

CONCUR, to — V. neut. = to agree, 
q. V. 

CONCURRENCE — subst. = agree- 
ment (a), q. V. 

CONCUSSION— subst., impulsus 4; 
ictiis 4 ; motus 4 ; concurs&s 4 ; impetus 
4 ; flictus 4. 

CONDEMN, to— V. act. 
(a) to doom, ddmno 1 ; condemno 1. 
(6) to blame, q. v. 

CONDEMNATION— subst. 

(a) doom, use poena 1, or translate by 
verb. 

(b) blame, q. v. 

CONDENSE, to— V. act., densSo 2 ; 
denso 1 ; cogo 3 ; glSmSro 1. 

CONDESCEND, to— v. neut., sustlrao 
2 ; dignSr 1. 

Phr., non dedlgnSr 1. 

CONDIGN — adj., dignus, debitus, 
mSrltus. 

CONDIMENT— subst., perhaps jw 
3n. 

Ep. exquisite, sweet, hot, &c. 

CONDITION— subst. 

(a) state, conditio 3 f. ; status 4 ; res 5 ; 
fortuna 1 ; sors 3 f. ; Idciis 2 ; ndtura 1 . 
Ep. humble, proud, lucky, unlucky, 

&c. 

(b) rank, Idcus 2 ; ordo 3 m. 
Ep. high, royal, &c. 

(c) of peace, lex 3 f. ; conditio 3 f. 
Ep. hard, easy, just, unjust, &c. 
CONDOLE, to — V. neut. = to share 

grief. 

Phr., ddlorem pdrtiSr, in 'partem dSlo- 
ris vSnio. Perhaps mulcSo 2 ; tenio 4 ; 
soWr 1, &c. 

CONDOLENCE— subst. See Consola- 
tion. 

CONDONE, to— V. act = to pardon, 
q. V. 

CONDOR— subst. Use vultur 3 m. 
- Ep. mountain, solitary, fierce, &c. 

CONDUCE, to— V. neut. (with to). 
prosum, irr. ; proficio 3; conduco 'A 
(H.). 

CONDUCIVE— adj., utiUs, bOnus. 

CONDUCT— subst. 
(a) behaviour, q. v. 

F 2 



CONDUCT 



( 68 ) 



CONFUSEli 



(6) direction, management, use imp?- 
rlurn 2 ; jus 3 ; mOdSrdm^n 3. 

(c) guard, custodla 1. 

(d) leadership, under your conduct, te 
ducS. 

CONDUCT, to— V. act. 
(a) to behave, q. v. 
(6) to manage, ago 3 ; gSro 3 ; perftcto 

3; dico^. 

(c) to command (6), q. v. 

(d) to lead, dwco 3 ; ■prsecedo 3 ; jyrx^o, 
irr. 

Phr., dux sum, dddSr (3), »^nrd (4). 

CONDXTCTOE— subst., diix 3 m. ; duc- 
tdr 3 m. 

CONDUIT— subst., canalts 3 m. ; fis- 
tula 1 ; alvSus 2. 

Ep. narrow, wooden (ilignus, lit. 
oaken, &c.). 

CONE— subst. 
(o) cdnus 2 (Lucret.), used by Vergil 

of a helmet, so too cornua 4 pi. ; apex 

3 m. 

Ep. crested, brazen, bright, «&c. 
(6) of firs, perhaps pomum 2. 

Phr., the cone-bearing cypresses, 
conifSrie cpparissi (Verg.). 

Ep. dry, falling, &c. 

CONFEDEEACY — subst. = league, 
q. V. 

CONFEDEEATE— adj.= allied, q. v. 

CONFEE, to — V. neut. Translate by 
the substantive colloquium 2, e.g. col- 
Idquio or sermon^ fruSr 3 dep. 

V. act. = to give, q. v. 

CONFEEENCE— subst. 
(a) collSquium 2 ; allOquXum 2 ; serrao 

3 m. ; congressus 4. 
(6) assembly, q. v. 

Ep. peaceful, stately, &c. 

CONFESS, to— v. act, fat^Sr 2; con- 
fit^ifr 2 ; prdfimr 2 ; det^go 3. 

CONFESSED— adj. = avowed, q. v. 

CONFESSION— subst. Translate by 
verb, e.g. the confession of faults, de- 
licta fateri ; he made confession, con- 
fessus est ; hear my confession, audi 
qum fatiSr. 

CONFIDANT — adj., consclus, arbiter, 
drbUra f. ; sometimes amicus, consors 
(with gen.), particeps (with gen.). 

Phr., drcdnls ddmissus (Hor. Od. i. 
28, 9). 

CONFIDE, to — V. neut. = to put 
trust in, fido 3 ; confido 3 ; credo 3. 



CONFIDE, to — V. act. = to entrust, 
credo 3 ; mando 1 ; eommitto 3 ; com- 
mendo 1 ; trSdo 3. 

CONFIDENCE— subst. = assurance 
(a) and (6), q. v. 

CONFIDENT— adj. 

(a) certain of, certus. 
Phr., non dublus. 

(b) bold, q. v. 

CONFIDING — adj., credulus, simplex, 
imprudens. 

CONFINE, to— V. act., cdlubffd 2; 
cderc^o 2 ; Impt^dlo 4 ; constringo 3 ; 
drcto 1 ; compesco 3. See Bind, to. 

CONFINEMENT— subst. = imprison- 
ment. Use vlncula 2 n. pi. ; vinclS 2 n. 
pi. ; career 3. 

CONFIEM, to— V. act. 
(o) to strengthen, /jrmo 1 ; confirmd 1 ; 

rob&ro 1. 
(ft) to ratif}', sdncio 4 ; decerno 3 ; /ir- 

mo 1 ; confirmo 1. 

Phr., rdtum facio (3), reddo (3), &c. 

CONFIEMED— adj. = rooted, ftxus, 
insitiis, inndtus. 

CONFISCATE, to— v. act. = to seize, 
q. V. 

CONFLAGEATION— subst. = burn- 
ing, q. V. 

CONFLICT— subst. 

(a) battle, q. v. 

(b) agonv (6), q. v. 
CONFLICTING — adj. = contrary, 

q. v. 

CONFLUENCE, CONFLUX— subst. 
(a) of rivers. Translate by participle, 

e.g. ftiirnXna juncta, commixtum flu- 

mXnS ftumSn. 
(h) concourse, q. v. 

CONFOEM, to— V. neut., pdrgo 2; 
cedo 3 ; concedd 3. 

CONFOUND, to— V. act. 
(a) to throw into confusion, turbo 1 ; 

conturbo 1 ; vexo 1 ; obstup^facio 3 ; 

percello 3 ; odnfundo 3. 
(6) to mix, mlscfo 2 ; commiscSo 2 ; per- 

misc?6 2 ; confundo 3. 

CONFEONT, to— V. act., obsto 1, irr. ; 
obsisto 3. 

Phr., obvliis sum or io, irr. (with 
dat.) ; contra sto (1), oppono (3) m« 
tibl, &c. 

CONFUSE, to — V. act. See Co^^ro^J^^), 
TO, («) and (/>). 

CONFUSED— adj., turbdtus, turbidus. 



CONFUSEDLY 



( 69 ) 



CONSIDERATE 



mlxtus, rmtus, commotus, solllcUus, agt- 
tutus, indlgestus. 

CONFUSEDLY— adv. Plir., sing legg, 
nuUo or ding, passim. 

CONFUSION— subst., turbo. 1 ; tumul- 
tus 4. 

Ep. mad, civic, noisy, &c. 

CONFUTE, to— V. act., refello 3 ; rSd- 
arguo 3 ; vinco 3. 

CONGEAL, to — V. act., gSlo 1 
(Mart.) ; congSlo 1 ; glacto 1 ; duro 1 ; 
induro 1. 

V. neut., congSlo 1 ; Induresco 3 ; 

rlgesco 3 ; riggo 2 ; consisto 3. 

CONCrEALED — adj., concretils, cSuc- 
ttis, constrletus, vinctus, rlgescens, rlgens. 

CONGENIAL— adj. 
(a) kindred, cogndtus, prSpinquus, con- 

sanguinStcs. 
(h) agreeable, q. v. 

CONGEATULATE, to— v. act., grd- 
tuldr 1 ; grdtSr 1. I congratulate you 
on your safety, grdtulOr incdlumi (Ov. 
Eer. vi. 3). 

CONGREGATE, to— v. act. and neut. 
:= to assemble (a) and (6), q. v. 

CONGREGATION, CONGRESS — 
subst. = assembly, q. v. 

CONJECTURED— adj., dubius, incer- 
tiis, tlnceps. 

CONJECTURE— subst. = guess, q. v. 

CONJECTURE, to— v. act. = to guess, 
q. v. 

CONJUGAL — iidj.,conJugidliS,jugdlis, 
nuptidlis, sScldlls, maritdlis, maritus, 
connuhldlls (scan connuhjdlls). 

CONJURE, to — V. act. = to adjure, 
q. V. 

V. neut. 

(a) to conspire, q. v. 

(b) to conjure up (as by magic), excid 4 ; 
clSo 2 ; evuco 1 ; exclto 1. 
CONJURER — subst., magus 2; saga 

1. 

Ep. clever, deceitful, jesting, &c. 

CONNECT, to— V. act., necto 3 ; con- 
necto 3 ; jungo 3 ; conjungo 3 ; sdeid 1 ; 
consSclo 1. 

CONNIVE, to— V. neiit., (with at) 
perhaps negligo 3 ; prsetSrSo 4, irr. ; 
8il8o 2. 

CONNOISSEUR— subst. Phr., sub- 
tills vStSrum judMx (3 m.) (H.). 

CONNUBIAL— adj. ^ee Conjcgal. 

CONQUER, to— V. act., vlnco 3 ; de- 



vinco 3 ; debello 1 ; sUpgro 1 ; difmo 1 ; 
sterno 3 ; frdngo 3 ; sdhjlctd 3 ; sublgo 
3 ; exsUpgro 1 ; trlUmphd 1 (in passive). 

V. neut., vinco 3. 

Phr., vtddr sum. 

CONQUERABLE — adj., ddmdbllls, 
sUpgrabllls. 

CONQUERESS— subst., vlctrix 3 f. 

CONQUEROR— subst., victdr 3 m. ; 
dSmltor 3 m.; supgrdtdr 3 m. 

Ep. youthful, spirited, worthy, &c. 

CONQUEST— subst. 
(a) victory, victoria 1 ; trlUmphics 2; 

sometimes jjaZmo 1, trdpseum 2, lauru» 

2f. 
Q}) of a country. Use participle, e.g. 

terra subdcta, Gdllia victa, debellatS, 

trlumphdta, &c. 

Ep. easy, difficult, well-deserved, &c. 

CONSCIENCE— subst., consclentla 1. 
Use phrase mens (3 f.) conscla. 

CONSCIOUS— adj., conscius. 

CONSCIOUSLY— adv., prUdens (adj.). 

CONSCIOUSNESS — subst. = know- 
ledge, notltld 1. 

CONSCRIBE, to— V. act, (of troops) 
see Levy, to. 

CONSECRATE, to— v. act., shcro 1; 
consecro 1 ; died 1 ; dedlco 1. 

CONSECRATED — adj., sacgr, sdnctHs, 
rellglosus, shcrdtHs, plies, augUstiis, vSng- 
rdndus, verendus. 

CONSENT — subst., dssensus 4; con- 
sensus 4 ; Concordia 1. 

Phr., with one consent, Uno org, 
unanlmi. 

CONSENT, to— V. neut. 
(a) to agree, q. v. 
(6) to be willing, sUstlnSo 2 ; patlSr 3j 

v8lo, irr. 

CONSEQUENCE— subst., eventiis 4; 
ezltUs 4. 

Phr., it is of no consequence, nil 
intgrest, nil refert ; a person of conse- 
quence, vlr gravis, &c. 

CONSEQUENTLY — adv., ergo, Igltur, 
idcirco. 

CONSERVE, to — ^v. act. = to pre- 
serve, q. V. 

CONSIDER, to— V. act. 
(a) mSdltor 1 ; coglto 1 ; volvo 3 ; verso 

1 ; vdluto 1 ; rgpHto 1 ; circumsplclo 3. 
(6) to hold or reckon, judlco 1 (H.) ; 

sestlmo 1 ; censSo 2 ; pUto 1. 

CONSIDERATE— adj. = kind, q. v. 



CONSIDERATION 



( 70 ) 



CONSUMPTION 



CONSIDEEATION — subst. = 
thought, q. V. 

CONSIGN, to— V. act. = to commit 
(a), q. V. 

CONSIST, to— V. neut., consto 1 (H.) ; 

sum, ITT. 

CONSISTENCY— subst., constantta 1. 

CONSISTENT— adj., constans, par. 

CONSOLATION — subst. = comfort, 
q. V. [q.v. 

CONSOLE, to— V. act. = to comfort, 

CONSOET— subst. 
(a) partner, sSclus 2 ; consors 3 m. ; 

pdrtlceps 3 m. 

Ep. loyal, friendly, &c. 
(6) husband, conjux 3 m. ; mSritiis 2 ; 

TXr 2. 

Phr., consors lecti, tdrl, thalami, &c. 
(c) = wife, conjux 3 f. ; uxor 3 f. 

Phr., consors lecti, tdrl, thalami, &c. 

Ep. loved, loving, faithful, &c. 

CONSPICUOTTS — adj., conspXcHus, 
conspiclendiis, Inslgnls, cldrus, prsecldrus, 
prseslgnU, ^pectahllts, inslgnitiis. 

CONSPIEACY— subst. Use insidtE 
1 pi. ; ddll 2 pi. ; /rows 3. 

Ep. treacherous, secret, base, &c. 

CONSFIBATOB — subst., perhaps 
proditdr 3 m. Usually translate by 
adj., perfidus, conjurdtus. 

Phr., conjurdtE munus (4 f. pi.).. 

Ep. bold, faithless, &c. 

CONSPIBE, to— V. neut. = to plot, 
conjuro 1. 

Phr., insidids, dUlos, &c., struo (3), 
paro (1), necto (3), m6v?o (2), mSdit8r 
(1), &c. ; cum allquo jurdr?. 

CONSTANCY— subst. 

(a) resolution, constdntla 1 ; r^iir 3 n. 
(Mart.). 

Phr., mens immota, propSsXtl tSndx 
(holding to its resolve), flectl nescia. 
Ep. firm, lasting, fearless, &c. 

(b) fidelity, fides 5, esi^ecially of love. 
Phr., amdr (3 m..) fldus, fldelis, cdn- 

stdns. 

Ep. sacred, eternal, true, &c. 

CONSTANT— adj. 
(«) firm, constdns, flrmus, stabllls, Im- 

motus, fortls, sUlidus. 
(fc) faitliful, constdns, fldus, fldelis, cer- 

tus, perpetuus. 

Phr., non iSvls, non mobllis, indecll- 
ndttts. 

(c) unceasing, perpetuus. 



CONSTANTLY — adv. = faithfully, 
constdnter, fidelit?r, patlentSr. 

CONSTELLATION — subst., iAda» 3 
n. ; slgnum 2. 

Ep. bright, heavenly, nocturnal, 
&c. 

CONSTEKNATION— subst. = amaze- 
ment (a), q. v. 

CONSTITUTE, to— v. act. = to make, 
q.v. 

CONSTITUTION— subst., res-pubUca. 

CONSTRAIN, to— V. act. 
(«) to force, cogo 3 ; adigo 3 ; sSbigo 3 ; 

compello 3. 
(&) to restrain, cdhib^o 2 ; Inhibio 2 ; 

r^freno 1 ; rfprimo 3. 

CONSTRAINT— subst. Phr., under 
constraint, Invlius; by constraint, vi 
(abl. of vis). 

CONSTRUCT, to— V. act. = to build 
up, q. V. 

CONSUL — subst., consul 3 m. 

CONSULAR— adj.. cdnsUldrls. 

CONSULATE, CONSULSHIP— subst., 
consuldtus i. 

Thr., fasces (3 m. pi., rods), secures 
(3 f. pi., axes). Use also ImpSrium 2 
(supreme power), pGtestds 3 f. 

CONSULT, to — V. neut. = to delibe- 
rate, consulo 3. 

Phr., consilium liabSo 2, verso 1, 
agito 1. 

V. act. = to ask advice of, con- 

sulo 3 ; consulto 1 (Tib.). 

Phr., consilium pSto (3), consilils utdr 
(3). 

CONSULTATION— subst., consilium 
2 ; concilium 2. 

CONSUME, to — V. act., perdo 3; 
consumo 3 ; dbsumo 3 ; destriio 3 ; vdro 
1 ; devdrO 1 ; conficlo 3 ; ^dd 3 (lit. 
eat). So ex?do 3 ; pSr^do 3 ; depdscffr 
3 ; haurlo i (lit. to swallow down). 

V. neut. = to waste, mdrcesco 

3 ; p?reo, irr. ; tdb?o 2 ; tdbesco 3. 

CONSUMMATE, to— v. act. = to 
finish, q. v. 

CONSUMMATE — adj. = complete 
(6), q. V. 

CONSUMMATION — subst. = end, 
q.v. 

CONSUMPTION— subst. = wasting, 
tabes 3 f . ; pestls 3 f. ; morbus 2 ; 
IdnguSr 3 m. 

Ep. slow, fatal, sad, &c. 



CONTACT 



( 71 ) 



CONTBADICT 



CONTACT — subst., tdctUs 4 ; attdctus 
4 ; contactus 4. Sometimes use con- 
tdgium 2 ; trdnsitlo 3 f. 

CONTAGION — subst., contagium 2 
(often in plural) ; pestis 3 f. ; lues 3 f. ; 
trdnsltio 3 f. 

Ep. dread, fatal, swift, &c. 

CONTAIN, to— V. act., tened 2 ; con- 
tinSo 2 ; aipid, 3. 

CONTAMINATE, to— v. act., t^m^ro 
1 ; cdnteinero 1 ; inquino 1 ; polluo 3 ; 
vlido 1 ; infield 3 ; contdmlno 1 ; Joedo 
1 ; maculo 1. 

CONTEMN, to — V. act. = to despise, 
q. V. 

CONTEMPLATE, to — v. act., contem- 
plffr 1 ; specto 1 ; coiisidSro 1 ; intuSOr 
2 ; inspiclo 3 ; lustro 1. 

V. neut. = to muse, mSdltSr 1. 

CONTEMPLATION— subst. = medi- 
tation, q. V. 

_ CONTEMPOEAEY— adj. and subst., 
eequdlis, wqusecus (adj. only). 

CONTEMPT— subst., contemptus 4; 
fdstidid 2 pi. ; perhaps fdstus 4 ; sm- 
perbia 1. 

Ep. proud, foolish, just, &c. 

CONTEMPTIBLE — adj., dspemdn- 
dus, conteinnendus, spernendus, vilis, 
sordidus, hiimilis, projectus. 

CONTEMPTTIOTJS — adj., superbue, 
fdstidlosus, insdlens, tumens, drrOgdns. 

CONTEND, to — V. neut., cvntendo 3 ; 
certo 1 ; dimico 1 ; confllgo 3 ; pugno 1 ; 
congrSdlSr 3. 

CONTENT — adj., contentus, sattdtus, 
Uetiis. 

Phr., nil cupiens. 

CONTENT, to — V. act., satlo 1 ; satiiro 
1 ; exsatlo 1 ; ezsatUro 1 ; explSo 2. 

Phr., I am contented with, Wni 
congulo (3). 

CONTENTED— adj. = content, q. v. 

CONTENTEDLY— adv. 

Phr., lequo ammo. 

CONTENTION— subst. = strife, q. v. 

CONTENTIOUS— adj. = quarrelsome, 
q. V. 

_ CONTENTMENT— suba. Phr.,me7i8 
sequd, mens conientd. 

CONTEST, to— V. neut. = to contend, 
q. V. 

V. act. = to dispute, q. v. 

CONTEST— subst., certdmen 3 n.; 



pugna 1 ; prmltum 2 ; riza 1 ; jurglum 
2 ; lis 3 f. ; discrimSn 3 n. 

Ep. long, terrible, unequal, bloody, 
&c. 

CONTIGXTOITS — adj., cdntXgMs, prd- 
pinquus, vicinds, cdnterminus, finl- 
timus. 

CONTINENCE — subst. = chastity, 
q. V. 

CONTINENT— adj. 
(a) chaste, q. v. 
(6) self-restrained, abstinens, abstimXus, 

pdrcUs. 

Phr., sui pStens, impSrlusug sllA, sui 
ddminus. 

CONTINENT — subst. = mainland, 
terrd 1. 

CONTINUAL — adj., perpStuds, con- 
tinuus, dssiduds, ItSrdtus, ssternus, 
pSrennXs. 

CONTINUALLY — adv., sempSr, 
usquS. 

Phr., ndnquam non, in hords, hi dies. 

CONTINUANCE— subst. Translate 
by adj., e.g. the continuance of the 
storm, non intermissd prdcella (1). 

CONTINUE, to— V. neut. 
(a) to remain, q. v. 
(6) to persevere, persist, translate by 

phrase, e.g. he continued loving, 

constdntSr amdvit; he continued 

groaning, tion desiit edSrS questds 

(lit. he did not cease to utter 

groans). 

CONTINUOUS — adj., continudH. See 

CONTINrAL. 

CONTORTED — adj., tdrtds, contortds, 
intortus, implicitds, innexds. 

CONTEABAND — adj. = unlawful, 
vfftitiis, inconcessds, impermissds, n?gd- 
tds. 

CONTKACT, to— V. act. 
(a) to shorten, contrdho 3 ; cddrcto 1 ; 

perhaps stringo 3, prSino 3. 
(6) to bargain, q. v. 
(c) to betroth, q. v. 

CONTBACT— subst. 
(a) bargain, q. v. 
(6) of marriage, sponsdlia 3 n. pi. 

CONTBACTOB — subst., rSdemptor 
3 m. 

Ep. rich, imperious, greedy of gain, 
&c. 

CONTRADICT, to— v. act. Phr.,dicft-^ 
(3), Wqui (3) contra. Perhaps you may 



CONTRADICTORY 



( 72 ) 



COOL 



use rSfeUo 3, riddrgio 3 (to refute), 
obstr^po 3, obmurmuro 1 (to drown a 
sound). 

CONTKADICTOEY— adj., contrarlus, 
oppdsUus, udversus, pugndjis, pugndx. 
To be contradictory, perhaps rSpugno 1, 
dlscrSpo 1, disconv?nlo 4 (all H.). 

CONTEASY — adj. = contradictory. 

Phr., a contrary wind, see Focl (e). 

CONTEAST— subst. Express by verb, 
" to contrast." 

COKTBAST, to — v. act., compono 3 ; 
conlendo 3 (H.) ; conf^ro, irr. ; com- 
pdro 1. 

Phr., what a contrast there is 
between my view and yours, quantum 
hxc sententia discrSpat isti. So distat, 
dmldSt. 

CONTEIBUTE, to— v. act., confgro, 
irr. ; contribiid 3 ; dffSro, irr. 

CONTfilBITTION — subst., perhaps 
tributum 2. See Money. 

CONTRITE— adj., perhaps dfflictus. 

Phr., luctu, ddlorS, &c. ; oppressiis, 
rictus, &c. 

CONTEITION— subst. See Sorrow. 

CONTEIVANCE— subst., consilium 
2 ; drs 3 f. Sometimes =: artifice, q. v. 

Ep. skilful, sudden, &c. 

CONTRIVE, to— V. act, fingo 3; m- 
vffiiio 4 ; coglto 1 ; mSdllSr 1 ; paro 1 ; 
molldr 4 ; agito 1 ; volvo 3; verso 1. 

CONTROL, to— V. act., r?gd 3; TtiS- 
dSrdr 1 ; temp^ro 1 ; guberm 1 ; cUhlbSo 
2 ; freno 1 ; rSfreno 1 ; cdercSo 2. 

CONTROL — subst. = authority, q. v. 

CONTROVERSY— subst. = quarrel, 
q. V. 

CONTROVERT, to— v. act. See Con- 
tradict, TO. 

CONTUMACIOUS— adj., IndScilis, rS- 
bellls, cdntumdx (Mart.), rSbelldns. 

CONTUMELIOUS — adj., injurlosus, 
superbSs. 

CONTUMELY— subst., probrum 2; 
opprobrium 2 ; convidum 2. 

Ep. deser\'ed, foul, &c. 

CONTUSE, to— V. act. = to bruise, 
q. V. 

CONVENE, to— V. act. = to assemble 
(a), q. V. 

CONVENIENCE— subst., commSdltds 
3f. 

CONVENIENT— adj., dptus, accom- , 



mSdus, opportunus, cdmmddus, IdorUfus^ 
utllis. 

CONVENIENTLY— adv., convgnlen- 
tSr, dpte, dScentSr. 

CONVENT— subst. Phr., d^mus (2 
and 4) sacra, rellgtusa, secreta, pla ; 
turba (1), &c., sScerdotum, fratrum, 
sdrorum ; dSum secreta sed? dflentes, &c., 
dssidud pr?cS vSneruntes, &c. 

CONVERGE, to— V. neut., confluoS; 
concurro 3 ; convenio 4 ; cdSo 4, irr. ; 
tendo 3. 

CONVERSATION— subst., colldqiaum 
2 ; serirw 3 m. 

CONVERSE, to— V. neut Phr., coOif- 
quio frui, sermonS frul, audirS St red- 
dSrS voces, mutua dicta referrS. 

CONVERT, to— V. act. = to change, 
q. V. 

CONVEX — adj., cdnvexSs, curvSSf 
incur vus, rScurrus, pdndus, rSpdndU*. 
See also Concave. 

CONVEY, to— V. act. = to bring (a), 
q. V. 

CONVICT, to— V. act., confined 3; 
detSgo 3. 

Phr., to convict of crime, scdSrls 
ddmndrS. 

CONVICTED— adj., deprensiis (H.). 

CONVINCE, to— V. act, conrlnco 3; 
cddrgiio 3; sudd?d 2; persuaded 2. 

CONVIVIAL — atlj., jucdsus, fest&e, 
hllarls. 

CONVOKE, to— V. act. = to assemble 
(a), q. V. 

CONVOY— subst., custodlS 1; dhM- 
tdtus 4 ; tidela 1. 

CONVULSE, to— V. act., conditio S; 
aglto 1 ; cdmin6vSo 2 ; conclto 1. 

CONVULSION— subst., tumultHs 4; 
motus 4. 

COO, to — V. neut., ggmo 3. 

COOK — subst., coquiis 2 (Mart.). 

Ep. skilful, greasy, &c. 

COOK, to — V. act., cdquo 3 ; incdquo 3 ; 
decdquo 3. 

COOL — adj., egelldSs,frigens,friglc^, 
gSlldus. 

COOL, to — V. act. 
(a) to make cool, rffrigSro 1. 
(&) to calm, q. v. 

V. neut. 

(a) lit. rSfrlgesco 3 ; r?frlgSr6r 1. 

(&) to grow calm, rSsldo 3 ; quleseo 3 ; 

cado 3. 



COOLNESS 



( 73 ) 



CORRUGATE 



Phr., cadit trS ferox meiitesqiiS 
trpescunt (Lucan. iv. 284). 

COOLNESS — subst., frigtis 3 n. ; 
tCmp?rle8 5. 

Phr., the coolness of the shade, 
p'l'tguB dpacum (Verg. Eel. i. 53). 

Ep. pleasant, shady, longed-for, &c. 

COOP — subst. = cage, q. v. 

COOP, to — V. act. = to confine, cogo 3 ; 
'eiqM 1 ; densPo 2 ; cddrcto 1 ; gUmero 1. 

COOT— subst., fultcu 1. 

Ep. marshy, &c. 

COPE, to — v. neut. = to contend with, 

C|. V. 

COPIOUS — adj., Idrgus, abundans, 
hh?r, hPnigniis, dptlmus, plenus, divSs, 
hetus, luxurldns. 

COPIOUSLY— adv., ubeHim (Cat.). 

■COPPER— subst., xs 3 n. 

Ep. heavy, vellow (/ulcus), &c. 

coppice', COPSE— subst., dumetum 
'2 ; rubetum 2 ; friiticetum 2 ; rirgultum, 
orhuBtum 2 ; frlitex "3 m. ; dumus 2 ; 
rubus 2 ; avianum 2 ; sentes 3 pi. m. 

Ep. thorny, tangled, dense, shady, 
secluded, &c. 

COPY, to— V. act., tmitdr 1 ; simulo 1 ; 
}.)erhaps reddo 3, exprimo 3. 

COPY — subst., slmuldmSn 3 n. ; per- 
haps imago 3 f. ; effigies 5. 

Ep. true, living, &c. 

COQUETTE, to — V. neut. (with). 
See Alluke, to. 

COQUETTISH- adj., lasclvus; per- 
haps iSvls, mobilis, falldx. 

COBAL — subst., ciiralXum 2 ; also 
cOrdllum (no good autliority). 

Ep. rosy, sea, branching, &c. 

COEAlA-adj. = red, q. v. 

COED— subst., /anrs 3 m. ; restis 3 f. ; 
vmculum 2 ; vlnclum 2. 

Ep. hempen, tough, tight-drawn 
(ddductus), &c. 

COBD, to — V. act. = to bind, q. v. 

COEDIAL— adj. = hearty, q. v. 

€ORE — subst., perhaps mSdulla 1. 

COBK — subst., cortex 3 m. ; the 
cork tree, subSr 3 n. 

Ep. pitch-fastened {udstrlctus pXcS), 
&c. 

COEMOBANT— subst. Use mergus 2 
(gull). 

COEN— subst. 
(a) frumentum 2 ; fdr 3 n. 

Phr., trUlcSa messis (3 f.); triticSus 



foetus (4). Cornfield, drvum 2 ; ndvalg 
3 ; culta 2 pi. ; sata 2 pi. See Field. 

Ep. heav3', heaped up, &c. 
(6) growing corn, segSs 3 f . ; messis 3 f. ; 

dristx 1 1)1. ; CSres 3 f., fdr 3 n. 
Ep. growing, milky (Idctius), ripe, sun- 
burnt, &c. 

COBNEL-TBEE— subst., corniis 2 f. 

Ep. tall, green, warlike, &c. 

COBNEB— subst., dngulus 2 ; of a 
river, flexus 4. 

Ep. retired, dark, &c. 

COBNET— subst., tuba 1; lltuus 2; 
cornu 4 ; cldsslcum 2 ; bucclnd 1 ; «8 
3n. 

Ep. clear, warlike, brazen, &c. 

OOENFLOWEB — subst., perhaps 
centaureum 2. 

COBONAL — subst. = a garland, 
cdrond 1 ; vltta 1 ; serta 2 pi. See 
Chaplet. 

Ep. fresh, flowery, leafy, bay, &c. 

COBONATION — subst. Phr., dla- 
dema (3 n.) delatum, impSsitum. 

COBPOBEAL — adj., corpdrSus, Bome- 
times terrestris. 

COBPSE— subst., cadaver 3 n. ; funSs 
3n. 

Phr., exantmum corpus, mortuSf 
frlglda or frigentid membra (2 pL). 
Sometimes ctnls 3 m. 

Ep. sorrowful, cold, cast forth, &c. 

COBBECT, to— V. act. 
(a) to amend, corrigo 3 ; em.endo 1 ; 

cdstigo 1 ; limo 1 ; excOlo 3 ; pdllo 4 ; 

punio 4 ; plecto 3. 
(6) to punish, cdstigo 1. 

COBBECT — adj., emenddtus, UmdtuSf 
excuUiis. 

COBBECTION — subst. = punish- 
ment, q. V. 

COBBESPOND— V. neut., convSnlo 4. 

Phr., fdcio with dd or dative, par 
or slmllis sum. 

COEBIDOB — subst. Use porticus 
4 f. ; column^ 1 pi. 

Phr., pervlSs usus (4), a jDassage. 

Ep. long, winding, &c. 

COBBODE, to— V. act., rodo 3 ; cdrpO 
3; edo 3; pSrSdo 3; depdscdr 3; 
sQc^do 3 

COBBOSIVE— adj., gddx. 

COBBUGATE— V. act. = to wrinkle, 
q. V. 



CORRUPT 



( 74 ) 



COUNTERFEIT 



COEEUPT, to— V. act., corrvmpo 3; 
vltio 1 ; inficio 3 ; polluo 3 ; fcedo 1 ; 
inquiTw 1 ; soUlclto 1 (of the attempt to 
corrupt). 

COEEITPT— adj., tSbUlus, corruptus, 
itwestus, scSlSrdtus, scSlestus, fcedus. 

COESAIE— subst., prEdo 3 m. ; lafro 
3 m. 

Ep. bold, ruthless, roaming, &c. 

COESE — subst., = corpse, q. v. 

COESELET— subst., lorica 1 ; thorax 
3 m. 

Ep. brazen, hard, &c. 

COETJSCATE— V. neut., cdrusco 1; 
niico 1 ; fulg?o 2. See Shine. 

COSMETICS— subst., medlcdmSn 3 n. ; 
fucus 2 ; Sdores 3 pi. 

Ep. scented, exi^ensive, rare, &c. 

COST, to — V. neut., sto 1 ; comto 1 
(Lucan). It costs nothing, nulla est 
jdctura (Ov. A. A. ii. 253). 

COST — subst., prStluin 2 ; impensa 1. 

Phr., the cost is trivial, Uvls est 
impensa; to one's cost, non Impunl ; at 
my cost, m?o prStto. 

Ep. small, great, excessive, &c. 

COSTLINESS— subst., sumptus 4. 

COSTLY — adj., prStiosus, cdrus, sump- 
tuosUs, magnlflcus, superbus, divSs, 
lautus. 

Phr., magno constans. 

COSTUME— subst. = dress, q. v. 

COT, COTTAGE — subst., casa 1 ; 
tugurlum 2 n. (gen. tugurt) ; tabema 1. 

Ep. humble, rustic, woodland, &c. 

COTTAGEE— subst., cHloniis 2; bu- 
hulcus 2 ; rusticus 2 ; Qgrestis 2 ; agri- 
edla 1. 

Ep. sturdy, honest, simple, &c. 

COUCH, to— V. neut., jac^o 2 ; cubo 1 ; 
r?cubd 1 ; r^cumho 3 ; procumbo 3 ; ster- 
tUfr 3 ; quiesco 3 ; r?qniesc6 3. 

COUCH, to — V. act., (of a spear) use 
libro 1. 

COUCH — Bubst., ledus 2 ; tdriis 2 ; 
eiibllSS; stratum 2 ; sponda 1 ; pulvhiSr 3 
(only in special meanings. See Diet.). 

Ep. soft, gilded, &c. 

COUGH, to — V. neut., tussw 4; ex- 
scr?d 1. 

COUGH— subst., tussis 3 f. 

Ep. panting, troublesome, &c. 

COULTEE — subst., (of a plough) 
dens 3 m. 

Ep. curbed, iron, &c. 



COUNCIL — subst., concilium 2 ; cS- 
tiis 4 ; conventus 4. 

Ep. august, anxious, thronged, &c. 

COUNSEL — subst., concilium 2 ; 
mdnitus 4 ; admSmtus 4 ; mdnlta 2 pi. ; 
hortatus 4 ; prieceptum 2. 

Ep. prudent, rash, brave, &c. 

COUNSEL, to— V. act = to advise, 
q. V. 

V. neut. = to deliberate, consllWr 

1 (Rot. Od. iii. 3, 17). 

COUNSELLOE — subst. = adviser, 
auctSr 3 m. ; suasdr 3 m. ; mdnltdr 3 m. ; 
hortutOr 3 m. 

Ep. wise, eloquent, persuasive, &c. 

COUNT, to — V. act. 
(a) num^ro 1 ; dinumSro 1 ; enumSro 

1 ; rScensSo 2 ; percens^o 2 ; to 

count among, adnuinSro 1 (with 

dative), 
(fc) to account, sesttmo I ; judlco I ; 

censed 2 ; ptito 1. 

Phr., lucro apponS, count as gain. 

V. neut., to count upon, credo 3 ; 

fldo 3 ; confido 3. 

COUNT— subst., (the title) use dux 
3 m. ; fiivSnU 3 m. ; princeps 3 m.; 
(qu^s 3 m. 

COUNTENANCE— subst. 
(a) face, q. v. 
(6) appearance, q. v. 
(c) aj)proval, favdr 3 m. ; laus 3 f. ; 

patrdcintum 2. 

COUNTENANCE, to — v. act. = to 
approve (h), q. v. 

COUNTEE— subst. 
(a) perhaps tessera 1. 
lb) of a shop, mensa 1 ; perhaps tabema 

1 (a shop). 

Phr., trdn^ pondlra, across the 
counter (lit. the weights); (H.). 

COUNTEE— adv. See Against. 

COUNTEEACT, to — v. act., occurro 3 ; 
obsisto 3. 

COUNTEEBALANCE, to— V. act. = to 
compensate, q. v. 

COUNTEECHAEM— subst., perhaps 
molp, n. indec. (lit. the root given by 
Hermes to Odysses to countervail 
Circe's charm). 

COUNTEECHAEM, to— v. act. Use 
vlnco 3. See Conqier. to. 

COUNTEEFEIT, to— v. act., srmuZol ; 
assimulo 1 ; fingo 3 ; metitiSr 4 (Verg. 
Eel. iv. 42 ; Ov. 3Iet. xi. 253). 



COUNTERFEIT 



( 



) 



COURTESY 



COUNTERFEIT— adj., ac?MZt^r,/aZ8MS, 
fictiis, mentltiis, slmuldtus. 

COUNTERFEIT— subst., imSgo 3 f. ; 
iinltdmPn 3 n. 

Ep. livintr, &c. 

COUNTERMAND, to— v. act. = to 
annul a command. 

Phr., jmf^d or consilium verto (3), 
mutu (1), muror (1), inhibeO (2). 

COUNTERPLOT, to— v. neut. Plir., 
fraudein fraudl opponSrS, &c. 

COUNTERPOISE, to— v. act. = to 
compensate, q. v. 

COUNTERSIGN— subst., perhaps tis- 
sSrd 1. 

COUNTERVAIL, to— v. act. = to 
compensate, q. v. 

COUNTESS— subst. Use ddmXna 1 ; 
matrons 1 ; h^ra 1. 

COUNTLESS — adj., innum^rus, Innu- 
mSrabllts. 

Phr., numero cdrens. 

COUNTRY— subst. 
(a) fatherland, patria 1. 

Phr., terrii (1) puternS, natalls, sSlum 

(2) ndtdlS, patrli (3 pi.) fines, &c. 

Ep. beloved, familiar, &c. 
(6) as opposed to town, rus 3 n. ; agSr 

2 ; pdgus 2. 

Ep. peaceful, retired, &c. 
(c) region or kingdom, terra 1 ; tellus 

3 f. ; r?gio 3 f . ; pldga 1 ; tractus 4 ; 

regno, 2 pi. ; fines 3 m. and pi. 

Ep. extensive, cold, hot, &c. 

COUNTRYMAN— subst. 
(a) fellow-countryman, civXs 3 m. ; pSpu- 

Idris 3 m. 
(6) rustic, rustlcHs 2 ; agrestis 3 m. ; 

cfdonus 2 ; hiihulcUs 2 ; dgricdla 1 m. ; 

rurlcdla 1 m. 

Ep. honest, sturdy, simple, &c. 

COUPLE— subst. 
(a) cdptila. 1. iSee Chain. 
(6) pair, par, 3 n. 

COUPLE, to — V. act. = to join, q. v. 

COUPLET — subst., dlsticMn 2 
(Mart.). 

Phr., versHs impdritSr juncti (H.) 
impares niimSri, perhaps Slegi (2). 

Ep. uneven, rhythmical, &c. 

COURAGE — subst. = bravery, virtus 
3 f. ; animus 2 ; vis 3 f. ; cunstdntia 1 ; 
auddc'id 1. 

Ep. manly, warlike, firm, invincible, 
true, &c. 



COURAGEOUS— adj. = brave (a), q. v. 
COURAGEOUSLY— adv. = bravely, 
q. V. 

COURIER— adj., nuntlus. 
COURSE— subst. 

(a) progress, cursus 4 ; Itffr 3 n. ; viS 1 ; 
tgn^ 3 m. ; sometimes /wgia 1. 

Ep. swift, unbridled, &c. 

(b) order of succession, e.g. course of 
events, rerum ordo (3 m.) sSries (5) 
Ep. unceasing, fatal, &c. 

(c) of life, ratio 3 f. ; cursMs 4 ; t^nifr 
3 m. (vitse). 

Ep. serene, happy, miserable, &c. 

(d) of a dinner, perhaps fereula 2 pL 
(Juv.) mensse 1. 

Ep. served in succession (conttnUd-' 
tits), &c. 

(e) of course, certe, nemp^, qulppS'f 
nimirum, sclltcSt. 

COURSE, to— V. act. = to hunt, q. v, 

V. neut. = to run swiftly, dis" 

curro 3 ; sometimes venGr 1. See Run, 

TO. 

COURSER— subst. = horse, q. v. 

COURT, to — V. act. 
(a) to woo, pm 3 ; fdvSo 2 (Verg. Ed, 

iii. 4). 
(6) to pay court to, sollXcltd 1 ; dmblo 4 j 

cSlo 3 ; capXo 3 ; excXpXo 3. 

COURT— subst. _ 
(a) palace, regXa 1 ; owZa 1, perhap* 

PaldtXa 2 pi. 

Phr., d^mSs (2 and 4 f.) or sedef 
(3 f.), re(7?a, regdlXs. 

Ep. marblej towering, sublime, au' 
cient, &c. 
(6) of justice, tribunal 3 n. ; judicium 2 

(Luc). 

Phr., the courts are closed, trla verbS 
sXlentur (Ov. Fast. i. 47). 

Ep. solemn, august, &c. 
(c) of a house, aida 1 ; dtrXum 2 ; some' 

times Umffn 3 n. ; vestlbulum 2 ; po**' 

tiCMS 4 f. 

Ep. open, high, &c. 
(c?) courtiers, editors 3 f. ; aula 1 ; a^mr* 

tdtHs 4. 

Ep. loyal, flattering, &c. 

COURTEOUS— adj., comXs, urbdnUs, 
fdcllls, bSnigniis, humdnHs, dffdbXlis, offl' 
cXosiis, &c. 

COURTESY — subst., obsffquXum 2 ; 
bSnXtds 3 f. 

Ep. gentle, bland, &c. 



COURTIER 



( 76 ) 



CRACKLE 



COTJETIEK— subst., perhaps sateU^a 
3 m. : minister 2 ; famulus 2. See 
<C0UKT (d). 

Ep. loyal, flattering, faithless, &c. 

COTTKTLY— adj. = elegant, vSnustus, 
,cdncln7ius (H.). 

C0T7ETSHIP— subst., amdr 3 m. ; 
etudlum 2 ; i^erhaps sponsdlla 3 pi. 
^betrothal). 

COUBTYAED— subst. See Coukt (c). 

Phr., in the courtyard, dntSfdres, or 
profdrlhus (lit.before the doors). 

COUSIN — subst., patrSelis 3 m. ; 
iOften cogndtus 2 ; prdplnquus 2 ; frdtSr 
S (Ov. Her. viii. 28; xiv. 117; Met. 
xiii. 31). So s6r8r 3 (Ov. Met. i. 351 ; 
ffer. viii. 29). 

COVE — subst. = bay, sinus 4. 

Ep. rocky, retired, &c. 

COVENANT— subst. = bargain, pdc- 
tum 2 ; fcedus 3 n. 

Ep. just, lasting, &c. 

COVEE, to — V. act., t^go 3; c6nt?go 
S ; obt?go 3 ; celo 1 : dp^rio 4 ; obduco 3 ; 
eondo 3 ; dhscondo 3 ; dhdo 3 ; involvo 3 ; 
occulto 1 ; prSmo 3 ; amlclo 4 ; reZo 1 ; 
insterno 3 ; occulo 3. 

COVEE, COVEEING— subst. fej/m^^n 
3 n. ; tSglmSn 3 n. ; sometimes dbtentus 4 
(Verg. ^n. xi. 66). 

Ep. thick, dark, &c. 

CO VEELET — subst., tapes 3 m. ; 
pallium 2 ; strdgula 2 n. pi. (Tib.). 

Ep. woven, woollen, purple, white, 

i&C. 

COVEET— subst. 
,(o) lutebree 1 pi. ; Zw^tra 2 n. jjI. ; CM6i?^ 

3 n. See Coppice. 
,{6) cover, q. v. 

Ep. woodland, shady, retired, &c. 

COVEET— adj. = secret, q. v. 

COVET, to — V. act., concupisco 3 
.(Mart.) ; cuplo 3 ; exopto 1 ; dppeto 3 ; 
avSo 2 ; addmo 1. 

COVETOUS — adj., avdrus, cupidus, 
Jivldus. 

COVEY — subst., perhaps grex 3 m. 
Use nidi 2 pi. ; piilU 2 pi. 

Ep. startled, timid, swift, &c. 

COW — subst., vdcca 1 ; juvenca. 1 ; 
.hucula 1 (heifer). 

Ep. peaceful, white, horned, &c. 

COW, to — V. act. = to frighten, q. v. 

.CO WAED— subst. Translate by adj. 



igndvus, imbellts, tlmldus, inauddx, Iners, 
degifner, mollis, segnls, pigSr. 

Phr., malS fortts. 

COWAEDICE — subst., igndvia 1 ; 
Inertia 1 ; segnitles 5 ; desldld 1. 

Phr., mens (3 f.) igndva, &c. 

Ep., base, unworthy, &c. 

COWAEDLY— 5fee Coward. 

Phr., non MnS. 

COWEE, to— V. neut., pav^o 2 ; ex- 
pavesco 3 ; horrid 2 ; trSmo 3. 

Phr., gSnua. submittSrS, fiectSrS ; sub- 
misso gSnu procumbSrS. 

COWHEED— subst., hSbulcus 2. 

COWL— subst., cucullus 2 (Mart.). 

Ep. thick, dark, &c. 

COWSLIP— subst. Use flos (3 m.) 
lutSus, crdcSus, vernus. Often trans- 
lated by primula 1, but there is no 
classical authority for it. 

COXCOMB — subst., perhaps n^&lo 
3 m. (H.); Phiedx 3 m. (H.); (lit. a 
Phieacian). 

Phr., Alclniji juventus (3 f.), lit. 
courtiers of Alcinous (H.). 

Ep. worthless, vain, dainty, elegant, 
&c. 

COY — adj., difftcllXs, rustXcus, hgrestls. 

Phr., perhaps malS pertlndx (Hor. 
Od. i. 9, 24). 

COYNESS — subst., perhaps rusticitds 
3f. 

Ep. shy, feigned, maiden, «S:c. 

COZY — adj., perhaps contrdctus (H.). 

See COSIFORTABLE. 

CEAB — subst., cdncSr 2 ; cdmmarils 
2 (Mart.). 

Ep. red, eight-footed, oblique, &c. 

CEABBED— adj., dlfficUis, mordsiis, 
dspSr, acerbus, umdrSs, tfftricus, sSveriis, 
tristls, rigldiis, misteriis (Prop.) gravis. 

CEACK— subst., rlmM 1 ; hiatus 4 ; 
fenestra 1 ;' sometimes spirdmintum 2. 
(-See Verg. Georg. i. 90 ; iv. 39). 

E^J. narrow, increasing, &c. 

CEACK, to — V. act., frdngo 3 ; findo 
3 ; scindo 3 ; dildmlno 1 (of nuts). 

V. neut., hio 1 ; fdtlsco 3 ; di- 

hisco 3 ; finddr 3 ; hlsco 3 ; sclnddr 3 ; 
hlulco 1 (Cat.). 

Phr., rlmds ago. 

CEACKLE, to— V. neut., cr^plto 1; 
crSpo 1. For crackling in the fire, 
see Ov. Fast. i. 344. 



CRACKLING 



( 77 ) 



CREDIT 



CKACKLING — subst., crepitus i ; 
sStms 2. 

CBACELING — adj., crSpdns, saliens 
(Hor. Od. iii. 23, 20). 

Ep. dry, harsh, &c. 

CRADLE — subst., cunS 1 pi. ; cund- 
bula 2 n. pi. ; incunabula 2 pi. (not in 
literal sense). 

Ep. peaceful, tender, safe, &c. 

CRAFT— subst. 
(a) in good sense, drs 3 f. See Art. 
(6) in bad sense, fraus 3 f . ; d<flus 2 ; 

drs 3 f. See Artifice. 

Ep. base, treacherous, unworthy, &c. 
(c) ship, q. V. 

CRAJTILY— adv.=by ciatt, frauds, 
arts, ddlo, &c. 

CSAPTSMAN— subst., drtifex 3 m. 
and f. ; Cinfez 3 m. and f. ; fahSr 2. 

Ep. adroit, diligent, &c. 

CRAFTY— adj. = artful (6), q. v. 

CRAG— subst. See Cliff. 

CRAGGY — adj., salSbrosus, sdzosus, 
gcrupSus, scabSr, dspSr, Twrrens. 

CRAM, to — V. act., stipo 1 ; distendo 
3 ; compUd 2 ; densSo 2 ; cogo 3. 

CRAMP— subst. 

(a) perhaps rigdr 3 m. (no jwetical 
authority, in this sense). 

Ep. sudden, old man's (sSnilig), &c. 

(b) uncus 2. 

CRAMPED — adj., cantrdctus, dngm- 
tus, drctus. 

CRANE— subst., grus 3 f. 

Ep. foreign, wintry, Thracian 
{TlirdcXus, Tlireicms), airy, &c. 

CRANNIED — adj., rimosus, hldns, 
fissus, fcitUcens, hiulcus. 

CRANNY— subst. = chink, q. v. 

CRASH, to — V. neut. 

Phr., fragorem darS, edSrS, r&inam 
darS or traMrS. 

CRASH — subst.j/ragfSr 3 m. ; ruina 1. 

Ep. loud, mighty, destructive, &c. 

CRASS — adj. = stupid, q.v. 

CRATER — subst., crdter 3 m.; per- 
haps hiatus 4 ; os 3 n. 

Ep. fire-vomiting, smoky, sulphu- 
reous, &c. 

CRAVE, to — V. act., posed 3; ex- 
posed 3 ; oro 1 ; exoro 1 ; prScSr 1 ; 
imploro 1. 

CRAVEN — subst. = coward, q. v. 

CRAVEN — adj. = cowardly. See 
Coward. 



CRAVING — adj., avidus, eSpidus. 

CRAVING — subst., cupldo 3 f . r 
drddr 3 m. ; studium 2 ; sltis 3 f. ; 
fames 3 f. Perhajis stimuli 2 pi. 

Ep. fierce, unrestrained, lasting 
insatiate, &c. 

CRAWL, to — V. neut., serjw 3r 
repo 3 (H.) ; proripo 3 (H.) ; ddrepo (H.), 

CRAZY— adj. 
(a) mad, q. v. ; dttdnttus (Hor. Od. iii, 

19, 14). 
(&) feeble or shattered,/racfi?s, infirmuSf 

fragilXs, debills; of a ship, rimosus 

(lit. leaky). 

CREAK, to— V. neut., strlded 2^ 
gSmo 3 ; (of a wheel) instrSpo 3. 

CREAKING— subst., stridor 3 m. 

CREAKING — adj., stridulus, stridens. 

CREAM— subst. Use milk. 

CREAM-COLOURED — adj., (of a^ 
horse) gilviis. 

CREAMY— adj., IdOSUs. 

CREATE, to — V. act., creo 1; pro^ 
duco 3 ; gigno 3. 

CREATION— subst. 
(a) the act of creating. Translate by 

verb, or substantive, e.g. Since the 

creation of the world, ex quomiindum 

dSus ipsS crSdvXt, or ex quo mundum 

dSdtt essS crSdtffr. 
(h) the world, mundus 2. 

CREATOR— subst., auctik 3 m. ; con- 
dittfr 3 m. ; crSdtdr 3 m. ; patSr 3 m. ; 
genitSr 3 m. ; fubrtcdtdr 3 m. ; rSpertSr 
3 m. 

Ep. omnipotent, eternal, &c. 

CREATURE— subst. 
(a) any created being, animal 3 n. 
(6) beast, /?ra 1. 

CREDENCE— subst.,/rde8 5 ; fiduciS 
1. 

Phr., to give credence = to believe^ 
q. V. ; to obtain credence, ftdem ndn- 
ciscifr, TiabSo. (Cf. also Ov. Her. vi. 
102.) 

CREDIBLE— adj., credibllis. 

Phr., fide dignus. 

CREDIT— subst. 
(a) belief, fides 5 ; fiducia 1. 

Ep. sure, vain, hasty, «S;c. 
(&) honour, fidis 5 ; prdbitds 3 f. 

Phr., a man of credit, vir (2) prijbus, 
hSnestiis, &c. 

Ep. worthy, great &c. 
(c) influence, gratia 1. 



CREDIT 



( 78 ) 



CRONE 



<(d) in phrase, to have the credit of, 
Utuliis. (Cf. Ov. Her. xxi. 176.) 
CREDIT, to — V. act. = to believe, 

XI. V. 

CBEDITABLE — adj. = honourable, 
hdnestus, dScorus, pulcMr, lauddndus, 
.lauddbllls, mSmSrSbllU, egrSgius. 

CEEDITOR— Bubst., creditor 3 m. 
<H.). 

Ep. stern, avaricious, eager, &c. 

CEEDTILITY— subst., credUlltds 3 f. 

Ep. silly, childish, &c. 

CBEDTJLOTTS — adj., credulug, incau- 
i&s, simplex. 

CBEEK — subst., sinus 4. 

Ep. rocky, sandy, retired, &c. 

CBEEP, to — V. neut.=to crawl, q. v. 

CEESCENT — adj. (of the moon), 
jcrescens. 

Phr., lima orhem rt^nSvdns, luna quum 
/solllgtt ignes, &c. 

CEESSET — subst. = torch, q. v. 

CEEST — subst., crista, 1. 

Ep. feathery, waving, proud, red, 
Ac. 

CEESTED — adj, crlstdtus. 

CEESTF ALLEN— adj., demlssus, de- 
jectiis, jacens. 

CEEVICE — subst., rimS 1 ; some- 
times spirdmentum. {See Verg. Georg. 
I 90 : iv. 39.) 

Ep. narrow, invisible, &c. 

CEEW — subst., grex, 3 m. ; turhd 1 ; 
eSterva 1 ; mantis 4 f . ; cShors 3 f . ; 
ehdris 2 ; remiglum 2. 

Ep. trusty, brave, naval, &c. 

CEIB — subst., prxsepS 3 n. ; stabu- 
lum 2. 

Ep. full, warm, &c. 

CBICKET — subst., cicada 1. 

Ep. chirping, summer, querulous, &c. 

CEICKET — subst. (the game so 
■called). Use bat, cldva l,fmtls 3 m. ; 
ball, plld 1 ; stump, sudes 3 f. ; game, 
Indus 2 ; batsman, cldvlgSr 2 ; match, 
certdmSn 3 n. ; ground, sequOr 3 n., 
pratum 2, campus 2 ; to play, certdrS 
plld cldvdquS, and similar phrases. 

CEIME— -subst., scSlus 3 ; crimen 3 n. ; 
faclnus 3 n. ; nSfds (ind.) ; delictum 2 ; 
peccdtum 2 ; culpa 1 ; ddmissum 2 ; 
^mmlssum 2 ; pldculum 2 ; fldgltlum 2 ; 
tioxa 1. 

Ep. light, heavy, base, unspeakable. 



CEIMINAL— adj. 
(a) guilty, q. v. 
(6) wicked, q. v. 

CEIMINAL— subst., rUs 2 (lit. one 
accused, not necessarily guilty), sons 
3 m. ; jidcens 3 m. 

Ep. anxious, conscious of guilt, &c. 

CEIMINATE, to — V. act. = to 
accup'^, q. V. 

CEIUSON — adj., punlcSUs, punlcus, 
purpurSus, ruMr, cocclnus (Mart.). 

CEIMSON— subst. 
(a) crimson dye, perhaps minium 2. 
(6) a flush, rvMr 3 m. 

Ep. bashful, maiden, &c. 

CBINGE, to — V. neut. (to cringe to), 
aduldr 1 ; hidndidr 4. 

CRIIPLE, to— V. act., deblllto I; 
eiiervo 1 ; frdngo 3. 

CEIPPLED— adj., claudus. 

Phr., cdptus pSdibus. 

CillSIS— subst., discnmSn 3 n. 

Phr., cdrdo (3 m.) rerum (lit. hinge 
of events) ; tempiis (3) ultlmum (Hor. 
Od. ii. 7, 1). 

CEISP — adj., crlspus (used by Plau- 
tus of hair). 

Phr., non lentus. 

CEITIC — subst., censdr 3 m. ; crltleSs 
2 (H.) ; judex 3 m. ; sometimes rSprS- 
Jiensffr 3. 

Ep. stern, subtle, just, &c. 

CEITIC AL— adj. 
(a) judicious, pffritus, cdllldus, sollers, 

cautus, sagdx, acutus (H.) ; acSr, sub- 
tills (H.), drgutus (H.). 

Phr. emdnctE ndrls (H.). 
(&) decisive, sUpremiis, summus ; per- 
haps dnceps, dublus. 

CEOAK, to — v. neut., perhaps croclo 4 
(Plaut.). Use cdno 3 ; quSrSr 3 ; strS- 
po 3. 

CEOCKEEY— subst., fictllla 3 pi. 
(Juv.). 

Ep. cheap, fragile, &c. 

CEOCODILE — subst., crScddilUs, 2 
(H.). 

Ep. scaly, river, &c. 

CEOCTJS— subst., crdcus 2. 

Ep. yellow, spring, Cilician (^CilixX 
&c. 

CEOFT- subst.. agellUs 2. 

Ep. small, fertile, grassy, &c. 

CEONE— .subst., anus 4; vHulS 1. 

Ep. wrinkled, wise, prophetic, &c. 



CROOK 



( 79 ) 



CRUMBLING 



CBOOK — subst. (a slieiilierd's), pS- 
dum 2. 

Ep. curved, pastoral, tougli, &c. 

CEOOKED— adj. 
i(a) (lit.) curvus, incurvus, r^curvus, cur- 

vdtus, flexus, rScurvutus, sinuosus, tor- 
tus, rStortus, intortus. 
Qf) perverse, perversiis, pravug. 

CBOF — subst., g?ges 3 f. ; messis 3 f. ; 
/ruges 3 f. pi. ; CSres 3 f. ; proventus 4. 

Ep. scant, abundant, ripe, yellow, 
dry, burnt, &c. 

CBOF, to — V. act., cdrpo 3 ; tondSo 2. 

CEOSS— subst., crux 3 f. 

CEOSS— adj. 

(a) transverse, transversus, obliquus. 

(b) angry, q. v. 
CEOSS, to — V. act. 

(a) to pass over, transSo, irr. ; trdjicTo 3 ; 
tramllio 4 ; prietfreo, irr. ; Bupgro 1. 

(])) to thwart, (Sisto 1 ; obsisto 3 ; impi- 

dio 4. 

CEOSSBOW— subst. Use bow, q. v. 

CEOSS-GEAINED— adj. = crabbed, 
q. V. 

GEOSS-EOAB — subst., hlvlum 2 ; 
divortla 2 pi. 

CEOSS-EOAD— adj., hlvlus. Cf. too 
Ov. Fad. V. 4. 

CEOITCH, to— v. neut., subsldo 3. 

CEOW— .subst., 
(ji) corvus 2 ; comix 3. 

Ep. black, incessant, (imprSbus), 
messenger of rain, &c. 

(b) (of a cock) cdntus 4. 

Ep. morning, shrill, repeated, &c. 
CEOW, to — V. neut., cano 3. 
CEOWBAE — subst., vectU 3 m. 
Ep. iron, hard, threatening, &c. 
CEOWD— subst. _ 

(a) turbd 1 ; tumultus 4 ; coetiis 4 ; 
cdrond 1 ; frSquentlu 1 ; concursus 4 ; 
sometimes vis 3 f. ; copld 1. 

Phr., densum umffrls vnlgus (2). 
Ep. thronging, angry, joyous, fright- 
ened, &c. 

(b) the common people, vulgus 2 n. ; 
pUbs 3 f. 

Ep. ignoble, faithless, &c. 

CEOWD, to — V. neut., cSSo, irr. ; 
conveiiid 4 ; concur ro 3 ; confluo 3 ; 
gWinSror 1 ; cdgdr 3 ; densedr 2 ; ddden- 
'££6 2. 

V. act., stipo 1 ; prSmo 3 ; den«S6 



2 ; cogo 3 ; compello 3 ; sometimes tm- 
pl£o 2, rSp l?o 2, cSlehro 1, frSquenfa 1. 

CEOWDED— part., splssus, cgliber. 

CEOWDING— adj., densug, Mquem. 

CEOWING— subst. 
(a) crow, q. v. 
(6) of a child. Phr., bldndus cldnUfr 

(Ov. Fast. iii. 221). 

CEOWN— subst. 

(a) (a king's) diadema 3 n. ; apex 3 m. 
{See Hor. Od. iii. 21, 20). 

Ep. royal, golden, jewelled, prouvl, 
&c. 
(6) a chaplet, q. v., ctkona 1 ; vlttd 1 ; 

serta 2 n. pi. 

(c) royalty, imp^rium 2; regnum 2 
purpura 1. 

(d) of the head, vertex 3 m. 
CEOWN, to— v. act. 

(ft) (of a king). Phr., diadema (3 n) 
impono (3) dddo (3) ; dladematS clngo 
(3) &c. 

(b) to wreathe, cSrom 1 ; rSdtmio 4. 
Phr., cdrond or 8er<is cingro 3 ; orrao 1 ; 

vlnclo 4 ; impSdio 4 ; clrcumdo 3 ; d&tT- 
ro 1 ; inclngo 3 ; induo 3 ; indued 3. 

(c) Comptus = crowned (Verg. ^«. vii. 
751). 

(c) to finish, q. v. 

CEUCIFY, to— v. act.. In criicg sufi- 
go 3 (H.); criicem pom ulicui (Juv.). 

CEUDE— adj. crudus. 

CEUEL — adj., sEvus, crudills, bdr- 
barus, durus, tmmitis, trux, fSrus, dirus, 
atrox, truculentus, effSrus, ferrSus, sdn- 
gulnSus, cruentus, inhumdnus, dspSr^ 
acerbtis, immdnsuetus. 

CETIELLY- adv., crudeliter, hostUl- 
tifr, malS (Hor. Od. iv. 12, 7). 

CEUELTY— subst., sEvltlu 1 ; fgrltds 
3 f . ; dspSritds 3 f. ; fgrocid 1 ; incle- 
mentia 1 ; bdrbaries 5. 

Ep. ruthless, barbarous, bloody, &c. 

CETJET— subst., guttus 2 (H.). 

CEUISE— subst. Use it£r 3 n. 
cursus 4 ; via. 1 ; perhaps errdr 3 m. 

Ep. lucky, unlucky, roaming, &c. 

CBTTISE, to — v. neut., vagdr 1 ; errd 
1 ; ndvigo 1 ; vShSr 3. 

CETJUB — subst., mica 1 ; frUstum 2. 

Ep. tinv, white, shining, &c. 

CEUMBLE, to— v. neut., dlldbdr 3 
solvdr 3 ; rUo 3. 

CEUMBLING — adj., ritlnosus, dirii- 
tUs, jacens, eversus, Idbdns. 



CRUMPLED 



( 80 ) 



CUPBEARER 



CETJMPLED — adj. (of horns) cSmGr. 

CEUSADE— subst. Phr., bellum (2) 
s&cruin. 

CEITSADER— subst. Use mil^s 3 m. ; 
tqu^s 3 m. 

CSVSH, to — V. act. 

(a) to press, prhno 3 ; opprimo 3 ; 
urgSo 2 ; i?ro 3 ; contSro 3 ; gravo 1 ; 
degrdvo 1 ; incumho 3 ; elido 3. 

(b) to overwhelm, vpprlmd 3 ; cmtundo 
3 ; prolifrd 3 ; sublgo 3 ; sfipSro 1 ; 
sometimes debello 1, obruo 3. 
CSUST — subst., (of ice) cr«8/a 1. Cf. 

Verg. Georg. ill. 360). 

Ep. thin, fragile, &c. 

CSUST, to — V. neut. = to contract a 
cmst, perhaps concresco 3 ; constrin- 
gdrS. 

CETJSTY — adj. = crabbed, q. v. 

CBTJTCH — subst., bdculus 2 ; bacu- 
lutn 2 ; bacillum 2 (Juv.). 

Ep. sturdy, oaken, old man's (^sffnilis). 

CBY, to — V. neut. 
(o) to shout, clamo 1 ; exclarao 1 ; voci- 

fSrdr 1 ; cdndamo 1. 

Phr., clamorem, vocem, svnUum edo 

(3) ; tollo, iiT. ; do 1 ; cl^o 2, &c. 
(6) to weep,/^o 2 ; Idcrimdr 1 ; Zwgf^o 2 ; 

gflTmo 3. 
(e) (of an infant) ragird 4. 

Phr., vagitum edo (3) /undo (3), &c. 
(<i) to cry down = to decry, q. v. 
(e) to cry uj) = to applaud, q. v. 

CEY — subst. 
(a) lamentation, gSmitus 4 ; fletus 4 ; 

Idmentum 2 ; querela 1 : dam&r 3 m. ; 

ulaldtus 4 (a woman's cry). 

Ep. piteous, womanly, repeated, &c. 
(p) voice, vox 3 f. ; damdr 3 m. ; fre- 
mitus 4 ; voces 3 pi. 

Ep. shrill, warlike, &c. 

(c) (of hounds) latratus 4 ; foa; 3 f. ; 
damSr 3 m. 

Ep. joyous, loud, &c. 

CBYSTAL — subst., crystSllus 2 f. 
(Prop.). 

Ep. gleaming, rare, transparent, &c. 

CBYSTAL — adj., viMus, of streams, 
&c. ; also pellucldus, liquldiis, iUtmis, 
Umpidus, argenteUs ; crystal vases, 
crystallina 2 pi. (Mart., Juv.). 

CBYSTALLIZE, to — v. neut., con- 
cresco 3 ; duresco 3 ; cogo 3 ; induresco 3. 

CUB — subst., fStus 4 ; cutfdiis 2. 

Ep. tender, shaggy, playful, &c. 



CUBIT— subst. Phr., "of a cubit's 
length," bipedalis, adj. (H.). See Mea- 
sure, Foot, Ell, &c. 

CUCKOO— subst., cuculus 2 (no poet- 
ical authority) ; cucuUus 2 (H.). 

Ep. spring, noisv, unjust, &c. 

CUCUMBER— subst., cucumls 3 m. 

Ep. twisted, dark green {cteruleHs), 
&c. 

CUD — subst. Phr., to chew the cud, 
ruml)to (1) herbds. 

CUDGEL— subst. = club (a), q. v. 

CUFF — subst. = blow (o), q. v. 

CTJIEASS — subst. = breastplate, 
lorica 1 ; thorax 3 m. 

Ep. brazen, warlike, &c. 

CULL, to — V. act., l^gd 3 ; carpo 3 ; 
dicer po 3 ; xuhsl^co 1. 

CULPABLE— adj. = guilty, q. v. 

CULPEIT— subst. = criminal, q. v. 

CULTIVATE, to— V. act. 
(o) cSlo 3 ; aru 1 ; laboro 1 ; exercifo 2 ; 

siibigo 3 (Verg. Georg. i. 125) ; pSragu' 

(Ov. Fast. iv. 693). 
(6) to improve, dflo 3 ; exdilo 3 ; pro- 

mdv^o 2. 

CULTIVATED— adj., cuMs. 

CULTURE— subst., cultura 1 ; cul- 
tits 4. 

Ep. diligent, fortunate, &c. 

CUMBER, to — V. act. = to encum- 
ber, q. V. 

CUMBERSOME, CUMBROUS— adj., 
mSlestus, onfrosus, gravis, prxgravis..- 
invisus, ingrdtus. [(b), q. v. 

CUNNING— adj. = artful (o) and 

CUNNING— subst. 
(a) artfulness, q. v. 
(6) skill, q. V. 

CUNNINGLY— adv. Translate by 
ablative, e.g. frauds, arte, ddlo; oi 
with epithet, as mira cdlllditdtB, multa 
frauds. 

CUP — subst., poculum 2 ; crater 3 m. r 
crater a 1 ; scpphus 2 ; cdntharSs 2 ; 
calix 3 m. ; cputhus 2; patera 1; cdr- 
eheslum 2 ; ciimbium 2 ; crjjstuUa 2 pi. 
(Mart.) ; crystulllna 2 pi. (Mart., Juv.) ; 
culullus 2 ; ciborium 2. 

Ep. golden, jewelled, wide, open, 
fragile, full, foaming, sacred, &c. 

CUPBEARER— subst. Use Ganp- 
medes, the name of Jupiter's cup- 
bearer ; or pMr 2, minister 2. 

Ep. beauteous, active, garlanded, &c. 



CUPBOARD 



( 81 ) 



CUSTODIAN 



CUPBOARD — subst., drmdrium 2 
(Juv.). 

CUPOLA— subst., tMIus 2. 

CUB — subst. Use canls 3 m. or 
Lpclsca 1 f. (Verg. Ed. iii. 18). 

Ep. sordid, cowardly, &c. 

CUBABLE — adj., mSdlcabllls, curabi- 
lis, rSpurubtlis. 

CUBE— subst. See Bit (a). 

CUBB, to — V. act., freno 1 ; rBfreno 
1 ; cdhlMo 2 ; cSercSo 2 ; tempSro 1 ; 
mddSrSr 1 ; rego 3 ; flecto 3 ; emOdSrSr 
1 ; obdruigo 3. 

CUBD — subst., cSagulum 2. (^See 
Ov. Met. xiii. 830 ; xiv. 274 ; Fast. iv. 
545). 

Ep. liquid, white, &c. 

CUBDLE, to — V. act., cogo 3. 

V. neut. 

(a) concresco 3 ; cogdr 3 ; dens^Sr 2 ; 
cdSo, irr. 

(b) metaphorical, e.g. blood curdles 
from fear, cSlt fdrmldliiS sanguis, 
derigesco (3). 

CUBE — subst., mSdlcina 1 ; mSdlcd- 
mSn 3 n. 

Ep. certain, lucky, &c. 

CUBE, to— V. act., mid^dr 2; rn^dl- 
cSr 1 ; sdno 1. 

CUBELESS — adj., immSdlcdbilis, in- 
sdnahlliit. 

CUBFEW— subst. Use bell, or even- 
ing bell. 

CUBIOUS- adj. 
{a) inquisitive, studiosus, intentus, curi- 

osus. So curiosity may be rendered, 

miens Intents, or mens studiosa with 

genitive, 
(b) rare, varus, eximius, prsestdns, egrS- 

glm, dxddlus (of workmanship). 

CUBL — subst., clrrhus 2 (Juv.) ; dn- 
einnus 2 (Juv.) ; dnnulus 2 (Mart.). 

Phr., cupilli (2 pi.) erlnes (3 pi.), &c. ; 
tortl, vlhrdtl. 

Ep. soft, glossy, &c. 

CUBL, to — V. act. (of the hair), tor- 
quSo 2, vlhro 1 ; (of waves), vdlvo 3, 
provolvo 3, ciirvo 1, siniio 1. 

V. neut. (of hair), torqu^dr 2, 

vibrdr 1 ; (of waves), undo 1, sestuo 1, 
turgesco 3, ttimSo 2, dlbesco 3. 

Phr., me curvo (1) ; Estud (1) ; undo 

CUELINCr — adj., unddns, fluctudns, 
slnuosus, volvens. 



CUBLY-HAIBED — adj., capilldtus 
(Juv., Mart.). 

CUBBENT— adj. Phr., a current re- 
port, fdmd (1) vulgdta; the report is 
current, fdma vSlat. 

CUBBENT— subst. = stream, /mtb^w 
3 n. ; cursus 4 ; dmnts 3 m. ; dlvSus 2 ; 
lapsus 4 ; dgmSn 3 n. ; fiuvius 2. 

Ep. swift, gliding, furious, sluggish, 
&c. 

CUBBY, to — V. act. Phr., to curry 
favour, hldndlSr 4 ; aduldr 1 ; concillo 1. 

CUBSE, to — V. act., exsecrdr 1 ; devd- 
vSo 2 ; detestSr 1 ; abomlnSr 1. 

Phr., diris ago (3), SnSro (1), &c. ; 
dira pr^cSr (1). 

CUBSE— subst. 

(a) dirm 1 pi. ; prices 3 f. pi. ; detestdtio 
3f. 

Ep. deserved, undeserved, dread, 
fatal, &c. 

(b) = pest, q. V. 

CUBSED — adj., devotus, sacSr, abomi- 
ndtiix, deteddtus, exsecrdtus. 

CUBSOBY— adj. = hasty, q. v. 

CUBT— adj., bkvis. 

CUBTAIL, to— curto 1 (H.) ; minuo 
3 ; incldo 3 (H.) ; dbrumpo 3. 

CUBTAIN— subst. 

(a) aulxum 2 ; velum 2. 

(b) curtains of a theatre, aulmd 2 ; veld- 
rlum 2 (Juv.) 

Phr., to drop the curtain = to con- 
clude, aulxa tollo, irr. (lit. to raise). 

Ep. purple, suspended, splendid, &c. 

CUBULE— adj., curulis. 

CUBVE — subst., curvdm^n 3 ; curvd- 
tura 1 ; flexus 4 ; stniis 4 ; sometimes 
orbis 3 m. ; gyrus 2. 

Ep. gentle, sudden, &c. 

CUBVE, to — V. act., curvo 1 ; incurvo 
1 ; luno 1 ; concdvo 1. 

CUBVED, CUBVING— adj., curviis, 
rScurvus, recurvdtus, sinudtus, lundtus, 
incurvus, incurvdtus, dreudtus, fdlcdtus, 
torttlls. 

CUBVETTE, to— V. neut., exsulio 1 ; 
salio 4 ; exsilio 4. 

CUSHAT— subst. = dove, edlumba 1 ; 
palumbes 3. 

Ep. gentle, shy, sylvan, &c. 

CUSHION— subst., culcUa 1 (Mart., 
Juv.). 

Ep. soft, feathery, &c. 

CUSTODIAN— subst. = guard, q. v. 
a 



CUSTODY 



( 82 ) 



DAISY 



CUSTODY— subst., custodld 1 ; tuteld 
1 ; prsesldlum 2. 

Phr., in custody, vinctiis (lit. bound) ; 
given into custody, conjectua in vin- 
culo. 

Ep. strict, secret, &c. 

CUSTOM — subst., mos 3 m. ; ugiU 4 ; 
consuetudo 3 f. ; dssuetudo 3 f. 

Ep. old, familiar, bad, strange, 
foreign, &c. 

CUSTOMARY — adj., usUatus, comue- 
tus, assuetus, notus, solennis, sdlltus. 

CUT, to — V. act. 

(a) sSco 1 ; rSsSco 1 ; prxs^co 1 ; csedo 3 ; 
rSado 3 ; sclndo 3 ; Sbscindo 3 ; re- 
sdndo 3 ; proscindo 3 ; ddlo 1 (Prop.) ; 
to cut the throat, jugulo 1, jugulum 
rSdudo 3, jugulo adigo 3, demitto 3, 
figo 3, condo 3 ensem. 

(b) to cut down, to curtail, e.g. trees 
and men, rnStd 3 ; trucidd 1 ; c«do 3, 
&c. See Kill, to ; Massacre, to, &c. 

(c) to cut off (1) = to destroy, exscindo 
3, everto 3, delSo 2 ; (2) = to inter- 
cept, q. V. 

(d) to cut short, contrSho 3; absdndo 
3; prseddo 3 ; r^s^co 1. 

(e) to cut up, divtdo 3 ; cons^co 1. 

^ to cut com, mSto 3 ; subsico 1 ; 

demSto 3 (Catullus). 

CUT — subst. = wound, vulnus 3 n. 
Use pldga 1 ; tc^ws 4 ; cicatrix 3 f . (a 
Bcar). 

Ep. severe (gravis), terrible, &c. 

CUT — adj., sectilis. 

CUTLASS — subst. = sword, q. v. 

CUT-PURSE— subst. = thief, q. v. 

CUT-THROAT — subst. = assassin, 
q. V. 

CUTTING — adj. = keen, q. v. 

CUTTLEFISH — subst., sepia 1 ; 
loligo 3 f . 

CYCLE — subst. Phr., cycle of the 
ages, ssedorum ordo (3 m.). 

CYCLONE — subst. = storm, q. v. 

CYCLOPEAN— adj., Cycloplus. See 
Huge. 

CYGNET — subst. Phr., cygnus (2) 
tSnSr, implumls. 

CYMBAL — subst., cymbalum 2 ; often 
«s 3 n. 

Ep. clashed, struck, brazen, «fec. 

CYNIC — subst., cpniciis. 

CYNICAL — adj., inaligtius, mordax, 
acerbus, dindriis. 



CYNOSURE— subst., cpnSsurS. (See, 
too, Ov. Trid., V. 3, 7.) 

CYPRESS — subst., cupressOs 2 and 
4 f . ; cpparissus 2 f. 

Ep. gloomy, mournful, funereal, tall, 
&c. 

CYPRESS-COVERED— adj., cupressl- 
fgr. 

CYTISUS — subst., cptisus, 2 m. and f. 

Ep. flowering, dear to birds, &c. 

CZAR — subst. Use Cxsar 3m.; ty- 
r annus 2. 

Ep. resistless, mighty, proud, &c 



DABBLE, to — V. act. and neut., ludo 

3. Usually of dabbling in water, lavo 

1 and 3 ; tingo 3 ; spdrgo 3. 

DAD — subst. = father, q. v. 

DAEDAL — adj., dsedalus. 

DAFFODIL— subst., narcissus 2. 

Ep. yellow, spring, dewy, &c. 

DAOixER— subst., sica 1 (Mart.). 

Ep. stealthy, perfidious, blootly, &c. 

DAILY — adj., quStldldnus (Mart.). 
Use phrases, e.g. in dies, quvtqudt Sunt 
luces or dies = all the dajs which pass ; 
nulla non lucS = every day ; happening 
by day, dlumus. 

DAILY — adv. See phrases under 
adjective. 

DAINTY— adj. _ 

(a) agreeable, of food, &c., suavls, 
gratus, jucHndus. 

(b) delicate, lautus, dellcdiils (l\Iart., 
Ca.i.\ fdstidlosm, tSnSr, mollis. 
DAINTY— subst. (of food), crustum 

2 ; crustulum 2 (H.). 

Ep. sweet, expensive, &c. 

DAIRY — subst. Use milkpails, 
mulctra 1 ; mulctra 2 n. pi. ; mulctrdlla 
3 n. pi. 

DAIRYMAID— subst. Use puella 1 ; 
dncillu 1 ; virgo 3 f . 

Phr., cut Idctls euro. (1). 

DAIS — subst. Use sSllwn 2 ; perhaps 
sUggestus 4 (no poetical authority). 

DAISY— subst., belllsSi. (often used, 
but without authority). 

Phr., flos crScSo hcello, the flower 
with yellow eye, qtu grdmlna pinglt, 
which decks the grass, &c. 

Ep. common (plirlma), field, &c. 



DALK 



( 83 ) 



DARK 



DALE — subst. = vale, vdllis 3 f . ; 
sdltus 4 ; convallis 3 f . 

Ep. grassy, secluded, watery, green, 
&c. 

DALESMAN— subst. Use cdlonus 2 ; 
agricOla 1 m. ; agrestts 3. 

Phr., vdllis media (1 m.), vdllis cultSr 
(3 m.). 

Ep. sturdy, diligent, &c. 

DALLIANCE — subst. Use lusiis 4; 
amplezus 4 ; oacula 2 n. pi. ; amdr 3 m. ; 
delict SB 1 pi. 

Ep. sweet, idle, unwarlike, &c. 

DALLY, to — V. neut. Use phrases, 
e.g. hserSo (2) dmplexu, oscula jungo (3) 
or misG^o (2), amori indulged (2). Per- 
haps ludo 3 ; hldndlSr 4. 

DAM — subst. 
(a) mother (of animals), mdtSr 3 f. 

Ep. careful, loving, &c. 
(6) embankment, moles 3 f. ; dggSr 3 m. 

stone, high, piled up, &c. 

DAM, to — V. act. = to check, q. v., 
excseco 1. 

DAMAGE — subst., ddmnum 2 ; in- 
juria 1. 

DAMAGE, to — V. act. = to hurt, q. v. 

DAMASK — adj., purpurSus, rdseus, 
rubens. 

Phr., damask meads, distinct^ flori- 
bus herbm ; damask work, vestis picta, 
picturdta. 

DAME — subst. 
(a) lady, dOmind 1 ; mdtrona 1 ; Mra 1. 

Ep. high-bom, stately, proud, &c. 
Q>) old woman, uniis 4 ; vStula 1 (Mart., 

Juv.). 

Ep. wrinkled, rustic, honest, &c. 

DAMN, to — V. act. 
(a) to condemn, q. v. 
(6) to hiss (a play), ezplodo (H.). 

Phr., the play is damned, eadit 
fdbula (H.). 

DAMP — adj. = moist, humidus, madi- 
dus, humens, madens, udus, uvidus, 
rordns, humidulus (rare). 

DAMP — subst., liumdr 3 m. ; perhaps 
uligo 3 f. (of marshy land). 

Ep. noxious, marshy, cold, &c. 

DAMP, to — v. act. = to depress, q. v. 

DAMSEL — subst., vlrgo 3 f.; puella 

Ep. modest, tender, beauteous, &c. 
DAMSON — subst., pruna 2 n. pi. 
Ep. red, purple, acid, &c. 



DANCE, to^v. neut., sdlto 1. 

Phr., chdreds or chdrum or chdros 
ago (3), TndcSo (2), cSlebro (1), agito (1), 
misceo (2), jungo (3), insfituo (3) ; chdro, 
(Sec.) pgdem fSro (irr.), membra or pSdes 
mdvko (2), terram pSdS pulso (1), quatlo 
(3) ; motus do (1). See the substantive. 

DANCE— subst., chOrus 2 ; chdrea 1 ; 
sdltus 4 ; sdltdtus 4 ; motiis 4. 

Ep. agile, graceful, intricate, joyous, 
evening, nightly, rustic, harmonious, 
&c. 

DANCER — subst., ludius 2 ; or use 
phrase with the verb, q. v. 

DANDELION— subst. Use phrase, 
Jlos (3), luteus, &c. 

DANDLE, to— V. act. Use fdvSo 2, 
mulceo 2, dmplectdr 3. 

DANDY— subst. See Coxcomb. 

DANGER — subst., pSriciilum 2 ; pg- 
riclum 2 ; dlscrlmSn 3 n. ; dlSd 1 (lit. 
hazard) ; perhaps duhiurti 2, fraus 3 f. 

Phr., dubia or dnceps fortuna (1) or 
SOTS (3 f.), res (5 pi.) trSpidss, aoutS 
(2 n. pi.). 

Ep. instant, inevitable, sudden, &c. 

DANGEEOITS — adj., pMculosus, dn- 
ceps, dubius, gravis, infestus. 

Phr., malS tutus ; sometimes lubricus 
(Hor. Od. i. 19, 8). 

DANGLE, to— v. neut., pendSo 2, 
depended 2, 

DANK — adj., = damp, q. v. Perhaps 
tetSr, foedus. 

JiKB'S'L'E, to — V. act., vario 1 ; dis- 
tinguo 3 ; plngo 3 ; spdrgo 3. 

DAPPLED — adj., vSridtus, distinctuSy 
pictus, vdrius, mMCulosus, bicSlHr. 

Phr., maculis insignis, or spdrsus. 

DABE, to — V. neut., audSo 2 ; sus- 
tingo 2. Use phrases, e.g. not to fear, 
not to shrink, not to hesitate, &c. 

V. act. 

(a) to attempt, cPudSo 2 ; tento 1 ; dg- 

grSdidr 3 ; addrWr 4. 
(&) to challenge, q. v. 

DARING — subst. = boldness, auddcia 
1 ; fiducia 1. 

Ep. youthful, warlike, rash, &o. 

DARING— adj. = bold, q. v. Use 
also tSmSrdrius. 

Phr., prseceps animi. 
, DARK— adj. 

(a) = not light, umbrosus, t^nebrosUs, ob- 
Q 2 



DARK 



( 84 ) 



DAWN 



scurus, nigSr, ntgrdns, plexus, atir, 
emeus, Spacus, cdliglnosus, caligdns. 

(b) of colour, nigSr, dtSr, fmcm, pic?us ; 
sometimes cierulSus, cmrulus, ferrugi- 
nous, pullus. 

(c) difficult to understand, dmhlguus, 
^scurus, emeus. 

Phr., dark sayings, dmbdges 3 f. pi. 
' (d) of complexion = not fair, nigSr, 
fuscUs, pullus. 

Phr., sols pSrustus or cdldrdtus=evin- 
bumt, decSldr. 

DABE — subst. = darkness, q. v. 

DAEKEN, to — V. act., obscuro 1 ; 
iimbro 1 ; Hbuwbro 1 ; edllgo 1 ; dpdco 1 ; 
fused 1. 

Phr., noctS, tSnebrls, edligXnS, umhrd, 
&c. ; tSgo (3), condo (3), celo (1), prSmd 
(3), involvo (3). 

V. neut. = to grow dark, m- 

greseo 3 ; cdligo 1 ; and paseive voices 
of the verbs above. 

DAEKLING — adj., suhlustrls, sui- 
nubilus. 

DAEKNESS— subst., miebrm 1 (no 
sing.) ; cdligo 3 f. ; 7iox 3 f. ; umhra 1 ; 
dbscurum 2. Sometimes translate by 
neut. plurals of " dark " (a) q. v. : e.g. 
noetls pSr Bpdea fSruntur = they go 
through the darkness of night. 

Ep. dread, silent, blind, nightly, 
sudden, &c. 

DARKSOME— adj. = dark (a) q. v. 

DAELING — subst., dmcXse. 1 (no 
sing.) ; am6r 3 m. ; amores 3 m. pi. ; 
cura 1 ; delicium 2 (Mart.) ; perhaps 
votum. Cf. Ov. Her. xvi. 94, multdrum 
vdtum sola tSnerS pdtSs. 

Phr., my darling, inSa vita (1), lux 
(3 f.), inSa, mSa gaudia (2 n. pi.), mSiis 
ignis (3 m.), mSa VSnus (Verg. Eel. iii. 
68), mia sola vdluptds (3 f.), &c. 

Ep. sweet, only, &c. 

DAELING — adj., = dearly beloved, 
cdrus, cdrisslniiis, amdtus, dileetUs, dul- 
cissimUs, Unieus. 

DAENEL— subst., Uflium 2. 

Ep. sterile, unlucky, useless, &c. 

DAET— subst., telum 2 ; jacuhim 2 ; 
misstlS 3 n. ; splculum 2 ; euspis 3 f. 

Ep. iron, swift, deadly, bloody, shot 
(missus), &e. 

DAET, to— V. act. 
(a) to throw or shoot, mitto 3 ; emltto 3 ; 

Jacio 3; ejlcio 3 ; projicw 3 ; torquSo 2 ; 



contdrquSo 2 ; fundo 3 ; iiigSroS; spar- 
go 3. Of a serpent's tongue, lingudm 
eormcd (1). 
Qj) to emit, of light, rays, &c., mltto 3 ; 

emitto 3 ; fundo 3 ; diffundoS ; spdrgo 

3 ; edo 3. 

V. neut., emico 1 ; exsilio 4 ; 

fSrdr, irr. ; provdlo 1 ; perhaps evddo 3. 

DASH, to — V. act., dejtcld 3 ; dffligo 3 ; 
illido 3 ; sterno 3 ; prosferno 3 ; proruo 3 ; 
impingo 3. To dash to pieces, cdm- 
minad 3 ; elido 3. 

• V. neut., = to dart, v. neut., q. v. 

DASHING— adj. = bold, q. v. 

DASTARD— subst. = coward, q. v. 

DASTARDLY — adj. = cowardly, q. v. 

DATE— subst. 
(a) of time. Phr., from an early date, 

priscis ab dnnis ; to a late date, seros 

in dnnos; at which date, quo tem- 

pdrS, &c. 
(6) the fruit, pdlma 1 ; caryota 1, and 

curi/utis 3 f. (Mart.). 

DAUB, to — v. act. = to bedaub, q. v. 

DAUGHTER— subst., /i/ra 1 ; ndta 1. 

Ep. dear, marriageable, onlv, &c. 

DAUGHTER-IN-LAW— subst., nurHs 
4 f. ; pronurus 4 f. 

DAUNT, to— v. act., terrSd 2 ; eon- 
terrSo 2 ; perterrSo 2 ; turbo 1 ; terrified 
1 ; terrlto 1. 

DAUNTLESS— adj. = brave, q. v. 

DAW — subst., perhaps grdeulus 2 ; 
eorvus 2; mdneduld 1. 

Ep. bold, chattering, announcer of 
rain, &c. 

DAWDLE — V. neut., eisso 1. 

DAWN, to— V. neut., 6rl6r 3 and 4 ; 
exOriOr 3 and 4 ; illucescd 3 ; dUueesco 
3 (H.) ; splendescd 3 ; lOcesed 3. 

Phr., day dawns, sol rSsurglt, or 7u- 
cem rSnSvdi, or umbras dimdvSt, pelllt, 
&c. ; Aurora fugat tSnebrds or diem rS- 
duelt, &c. So, too: the sky reddens; 
Phoebus yokes horses, drives chariot, 
climbs heaven ; Night retires, flies ; 
Clouds, mountains, fields, &c., are 
tinged with new light; Earth wel- 
comes the day, &c. 

DAWN — subst., drtus 4 ; Aurora 1 ; 
LucifSr 2. 

Phr., prima lux 3 f., &c, 

Ep. early, rosy, golden, &c. 

DAWN, at — 2idiy.,mdnSoTmdnSnSvd. 
Mdni is very rarely found except in the 



DAY 



( 85 ) 



DEBAUCH 



ablative : it is indeclinable. Vergil has 
dum mdnS ndvum. 

DAY — subst., dies 5 ; lux 3 f. ; sol 
3 m. ; often Lucifer, e.g. Ov. Fast. i. 46. 

Pbr., tempus diurniim, horse dlurnm. 
Days of life, vitx spatium ; dies, dnni, 
tempdra. From day to day, in dies, in 
hords. 

Ep. short, long, lucky, unlucky, 
briglit, dark, joyful, joyless, &c. 

DAYBREAK— subst. = dawn, q. v. 

DAYLIGHT— subst. Phr., lux (3 f.), 
lum^n (3 n.), juhdr (3 n.), diurnum, &c. 

DAYSPEING— subst. = dawn, q. v. 

DAYSTAE— subst., Luci/Sr 2 ; Phos- 
pMrus 2 (Mart.). 

Ep. Eastern, golden, messenger of 
sun, &c. 

DAY-TIME— subst. = day, q. v. 

DAZE — V. act., MhSto 1 ; obstupSfaclo 
3 ; percello 3 ; in passive use stupSo 2. 

DAZZLE, to — V. act., perstringo 3 ; 
prEstrlngd 3 (Lucret.). 

DAZZLING— adj. = bright, q. v. 

DEAD— adj. 

(a) lifeless, mortuus, prsemortuus, exa- 
nimis, exanimdtus, exsdnguis ; some- 
times ademptus (lit. taken away). 
Phr., vitd functus, defuncius. The 

dead, sllentes. To be dead, jac^o 2 ; he 
is dead, /art. 

(b) withered, siccus, marcidus, mdrcens. 

(c) Phr., at dead of night, sera noctg, 
multd noctg, mSdid noctS. 
DEADEN, to— V. act., MhSlo 1. 
DEADLY— adj. 

(a) mortal, fdtdUs, letdlis, lettfSr, mort- 
ifSr, fdtlfSr, exitldlls, funestus ; often 
dter. 

(b) irreconcilable, capltdlls (H.), funes- 
tus. 

Phr., sinSpdcS, nullo finS, &c. 

DEAF — adj., surdus. 

Phr., nullls auribus, minHs audlens, 
obserdtls auribus. 

DEAFEN, to — V. act., perstringo 3 ; 
Mbm 1. 

DEAFNESS — subst. Use "deaf 
ears." 

DEAL— subst. 
(a) a quantity, copia 1 ; vis5{. 
(6) a wood, abies 3 f. (gen. dbiStls) ; 

pinus 4 f. 

DEAL — adj., abtegnus, pinSiis. 



DEAL, to — ^v. act., (blows, &c.) ingl' 
mind 1 ; ItSro 1 ; denso 1 ; ingSro 3. 

V. neut. = to act, ago 3 ; facio 3. 

DEAB — adj. 

(a) beloved, cdrus, dilectiis, amdtUs, dul- 
cis, grdtus, amabilts. 

(b) costly, cdrus, prStiosus, sumptuosus. 
Phr., mdgnd constdns. 
DEAB-BOUGHT — adj. = dear (b), 

q. V. 

DEAELY — adv. Phr., dearly loved, 
use superlative, dulcissimus, &c. 

DEARNESS— subst. = love, q. v. 

DEAETH — subst. = want, /flTnes 3 f. ; 
Sgestds 3 f. ; penurid 1. 

Ep. dread, squalid, hungry, insa- 
tiate, mad, &c. 

DEATH — subst., mors 3 f. ; letum 2 
Obittis 4 ; f units 3 n. ; fdtum 2 ; intSri- 
tus 4 ; exitus 4 ; nex 3 f. (of violent 
death only). 

Phr., use funSris hora (1) or lex (3 f.) ; 
letl jdnua (1) or via (1) ; dies (5) fdtdlis, 
funesta or summa ; vltx terminus (2) or 
meta (1) ; Nox (3 f.) Eterna or p^en- 
nis ; somnus (2) ferrSus or Letheeus ; 
sdpdr (3 m.) perpetuus ; sors (3 f.) id- 
t'lmd, &c. 

Ep. cold, black, pale, cruel, invin- 
cible, inexorable, rapacious, threaten- 
ing, jealous, sudden, &c. 

DEATHBLOW — subst. = deadly 
blow. See Deadly (a). 

DEATHFUL — adj. = deadly (a), 
q. V. 

DEATHLESS — adj. = immortal, im- 
mSrtdlis, seternus. 

Phr., mortS cdrens (free from death), 
so mortis expers, immunis, nesciug ; mortS 
or sSpulcro libSr, funSrls exsors. 

DEATHLIKE, DEATHLY— adj., re- 
sembling death, exsdnguis, livldus, pdl- 
lldus, pdllens. 

Plir., morti slmilis. 

DEBAE, to — V. act., prdliMo 2 ; ex- 
cludo 3 ; drcSo 2. 

DEBASE, to — V. act. = to abase, q. v. 

DEBATE — subst. = quarrel, lis 3 f. ; 
rlxd 1 ; jurglum 2 ; cerldmSn 3 n. 

Ep. angry, dread, deadly, &c. 

DEBATE, to — V. neut., contendo 3 ; 
certo 1 ; dlsputo 1. 

DEBAUCH, to — V. act., corrumpo 3 ; 
vitlo 1. 



It 



DEBAUCH 



( 86 ) 



DECREASE 



SEBATTCH — subst. Use phrases, e.g. 
nXmlum mSruin (2) cxna (1) immSdlca, 
&c. 

DEBILITT — subst. = weakness, ISn- 
gudr 3 ; debllitas 3 f. (Juv.) ; sSnlum 2. 

DEBONAIE— adj., comls, Igpldus, fa- 
cetu8,jdcdsus, urhdnus, bSnignus, mitts. 

DEBT — subst., debUum 2 (no autho- 
rity in verse). 

Phr., picunia (1) debita. 

DEBTOR— subst., debitor 3 m. (Cf., 
too, Ov. R. Am. 561, 2.) 

DECADE — subst. = ten years. Use 
dud lustra (2 pi.) = two periods of five 
years. 

DECAY, to — ^v. neut., marcSo 2 ; Idn- 
guSo 2 ; mdrcesco 3 ; tabesco 3 ; jierdSr 3 ; 
dbsumdr 3 ; d^ficlo 3. 

DECAY— subst., tdbes 3 f. ; sgntum 2. 

Ep. slow, unsightly, devouring, &c. 

DECAYED — adj., mdrcldus, putris, 
perhaps vletus (Hor. Epodes ; Lucret.). 

DECEASE— subst. = death, q. v. 

DECEIT— subst., /rows 3 f. ; ddlus 2 ; 
insldix 1 pi. (no sing.) ; fdlldcid 1 ; 
errdr 3 m. 

Ep. base, perjured, cowardly, &c. 

DECEITFUL — adj., fdlldz', ddlosus, 
perfidus, menddx, insidlosus. 

DECEITFULLY — adv., ab imldOs 
(Prop). 

DECEIVE, to— V. act., fdlld 3 ; decl- 
plo 3 ; ludo 3 ; deludo 3. 

Phr., dSlis, frwudS, drtS, insldJls &c. 
cdpio (3), vinco (3), &c. ; do (1) verbS, 
I give words ; thence I deceive. 

DECENCY— subst., pudffr 3 m. ; pttdi- 
citia 1. 

Ep. modest, maiden. 

DECENT — adj., dgcens, mddestUs, pu- 
dieus, vSrecundus, cdstus. 

DECEPTION — subst. = deceit, q. v. 

DECEPTIVE— adj. = deceitful, q. v. 

DECIDE, to — V. act., dlrlmo 3 ; com- 
pono 3 ; sSco 1 (H.) ; dijudlco 1 ; flnlo 
4 ; conflclo 3. 

V. neut., staliio 3; consiltuo 3; 

decerno 3 ; discerno 3. See Determine, 

TO. 

DECIDTJOUS — adj., caduciis (no au- 
thority for deciduus). 

DECISION— subst., drbltrXum 2 ; ju- 
dicium 2. 

DECISIVE — adj., perhaps (xrtus, non 
diiblus. 



DECK, to — ^v. act., ornd 1 ; exorno 1 ; 
dScSro 1 ; cSlo 3. 

Phr., sertls florlb&s. Sec, ciugo (3), 
cdrono (1). 

DECK — subst., (of a ship) perhaps 
pons 3 m. ; trdnstra 2 pi. (no sing.) ; pup- 
pis 3 f . 

DECKED — adj., orndtUs, adorndtus, 
exornutus, dScdrdtus, cultus, dScorus', 
sometimes Insignls, complcuus, &c. 

DECLAIM, to — V. neut., decldmo 1 ; 
perhaps rFcltd 1. 

DECLARE, to — v. act., apSrio 4; 
rSdudo 3 ; nuntlo 1 ; edico 3 ; prqfSro, 
irr. ; patSf&clo 3. 

DECLINE, to— V. neut. (e.g. the day 
declines), indlno 1 ; cddo 3 ; vergo 3 ; 
deflclo 3 ; mdrc?o 2. 

Phr., declining day, prona dies (5), 
sol (3 m.) pronus. 

V. act. 

(o) to shun (e.g. to decline battle), de- 

trecto 1 ; refuglo 3 ; fuglo 3 ; rScuso 

1 ; vito 1. 
(6) to refuse, rScuso 1 ; spemo 3 ; con- 

temno 3 ; dversSr 1 ; dedignSr 1 ; tem- 

no 3. 

DECLINE — subst. = decay, q. v. 

Phr., decline of day, prona dies (5), 
soils Sbltus (4), &c. 

DECLIVITY— subst., cllviis 2. 

Phr., Idea declivla. Ovid uses de- 
dlva 2 pi. 

DECOBATE, to — v. act. = to adorn, 
q. v. 

DECORATION — subst., orruUOs 4. 

DECOROUS — adj., dScem, conveniens, 
mUdedus, pudicus, gravis, dptus, vSre- 
eundus. 

DECOY— subst. 
(a) Use laquSus 2 ; p^dlca 1 ; cdsses 

3 m. pi. ; rets 3 n. ; inddgo 3 f. 

Ep. deceitful, hidden, fatal, «&c. 
(5) allurement, q. v. 

DECOY, to — V. act., illaguSo 1 ; capto 
1. 

DECREASE, to — v. neut., decresco 3; 
mlnudrS; iminlnuor 3. 

Phr., mlndr fid. 

V. act., mlnuo 3; immln&o 3; 

t^ntiu 1 ; dttSutio 1 ; dbsumo 3. 

DECREASE — subst. Translate by 
participle, e.g. decrease of wealth, Spes 
minute ; decrease of the moon, luna 
decrescens, &c. 



DECREE 



( 87 ) 



DEFLECT 



DECREE, to — V. act. and ncut., edlco 
3 ; jubed 2 ; prsecipXo 3 ; mando 1 ; im- 
pffro 1 ; datiio 3 ; constltuo 3. 

DECSEE — subst., edicUim 2 ; actum 
2 ; cotisultum 2 ; prseceptum 2 ; im- 
pertum 2 ; jussum 2 ; mandatum 2. 

Ep. august, proud, wise, &c. 

DECREPIT — adj., infirmus, debilis, 
invalidus, ssgSr. 

Phr., dnnis, mvo, s^nectd, &c. ; gravis, 
confectiis, fractus, fessus, &c. 

DECRY, to — V. act., incrSpo 1 ; culpa 
1 ; detrecto 1 ; cdrpo 3 ; rSprShendd 3 ; 
incrSpUd 1 ; urgiio 3 ; incuso 1. 

DEDICATE, to— V. act., dedlai I; 
sacro 1 ; consecro 1 ; d?co 1 ; sometimes 
libo 1. 

DEDUCE, to — v. act., dedOco 3 ; duco 
3; trahoS. 

DEDUCT, to— V. act., adtmo 3. 

DEED — Kubst., factum 2 ; actum 2 ; 
f acinus 3 n. 

Ep. A. noble, bold, worthy, mar- 
vellous, praiseworthy, warlike, &c. 
B. base, secret, cowardly, blameworthy, 
treacherous, &c. 

DEEM, to — V. act. = to think, q. v. 

DEEP— adj. 
(a) dltiis, prSfundus, imus ; (of a valley) 

depressug. 

Phr. (of a sigli) latlfrS imo p^tUiis 
(Hor. Ejml. 11, 10). 
(6) sagacious, sollers, prudens, sagdx. 

See Wise. 
(c) (of sounds) gravis. 

DEEP — adv., dlte, pgnitus. 

DEEP— subst., (of the sea) dltd 2 n. 
pi. ; pllugtis 2 n. ; iwntus 2. 

Ep. dark, Neptunian (Neptunlm'), 
inaccessible, &c. 

DEER — subst., cervus 2 ; cerva 1 ; 
dumd 1. 

DEFACE, to — V. act., deformo 1; 
foedo 1 ; turpo 1 ; corrumpo 3 ; muculo 
1 ; vitio 1 ; polluo 3. 

DEFAME, to — V. act. = to slander, 
q. V. 

DEFAULT— subst., delictum 2. 

DEFEAT— subst., eludes 3 f. ; cEdes 
3 f . ; exUium 2 ; pernicles 5 ; or trans- 
late by participle, e.g. the defeat of 
the army, dgmlnd (3 n.) fusd, frdctd 
deles (5), &c. ; sometimes rt'pulsd 1, of 
defeat in competition for office, &c. 

Ep. bloody, disastrous, base, &c. 



DEFEAT, to — V. act., vtnco 3 ; sitp^ro 
1 ; defined 3 ; exsupSro 1 ; fiigd 1 ; 
frdngo 3 ; fundo 3. 

DEFECT— subst. 
(a) mendd 1 ; macula 1 ; vittum 2. 
(6) want, q. v. 

Ep. conspicuous, base, &c. 

DEFENCE— subst., tuteld 1 ; tutdmen 
3 n. ; prxsidium 2 ; drx 3 f. ; turris 
3 f. ; propugndculum 2 ; munlmSn 3 n. ; 
munimentum 2 ; murits 2. 

Ep. sure, present, strong, unbroken, 
&c. 

DEFENCELESS — adj., nudus, In- 
ermis, Incmtodltus, immunitus. 

Phr., mdU defensus. 

DEFEND, to — V. act., defendo 3 ; 
prdt?go 3 ; tu^dr 2 ; tutdr 1 ; custodto 4 ; 
servo 1 ; defenso 1. 

Phr., prsesidio, tutilrn, &c. ; sum, 
sto db dliquo. 

DEFENDER — subst. = champion, 
q. V. 

DEFENSIVE — adj. Translate by 
phrase, e.g. defensive arms, drmd (2 pi.), 
corpdrts tegm/Sn (3 n.), or presidium 2, 
or use loricd 1 (breastjilate), gdlgd 1 
(helmet), &c. 

DEFER, to — V. neut. = to submit to, 
cedo 3 ; decedo 3 ; obsSqudr 3. 

Phr., do (1) mdniis, WAJrem gSro (3). 

V. act., dlffSro, irr. ; tdrdo 1 ; 

mdrdr 1. 

DEFERENCE— subst., rSverentlS 1; 
obsSquium 2. 

Ep. modest, bland, &c. 

DEFIANCE — subst. = challenge, 
q. V. 

DEFIANT — adj., mindx, Impdvldus. 

DEFICIENT — adj. = wanting, q. v. 

DEFILE, to — V. act., polluo 3; in- 
quuio 1 ; prdfdnd 1 ; mdciilo 1 ; eom- 
mdciilo 1 ; turpo 1 ; foedo 1 ; vltid 1 ; 
oblino 3 ; Ullno 3 ; collino 3; vidlo 1. 

DEFILE — subst. = a narrow pass, 
sdltus 4 ; fauces 3 f. pi. 

Ep. narrow, woody, difficult, steep, 
&c. 

DEFILEMENT — subst., macula 1; 
Idbes 3 ; sordes 3 pi. ; perhaps dedScus 3. 

DEFINE, to — V. act., fmio 4. 

DEFINITE — adj., certus, finltus, 
stdtm. 

DEFLECT, to — v. act., deflecto 3 ; 
Jlecto 3 ; dverto 3. 



DEFORM 



( 



) 



DELL 



DEFOEM, to— V. act. = to deface, 
q. V. 

DEFOBMED — adj., infdrmXs, de- 
fdrmls (Juv.), turpls. 

DEFORMITY — subst., vitlum 2 ; 
lobes 3 f . 

Ep. ugly, base, &c. 

DEFBATJD, to — v. act. = to cheat, 
q. V. 

DEFEAT, to — V. act. = to pay, solvo 
3. 

DEFT — adj., dexter, caUidtis, eoUers, 
ingSnloms. 

DEFUNCT— adj. = dead, q. v. 

DEFY, to — V. act. = to challenge, 
q. V. 

DEGENEEATE — adj., degSnSr, In- 
dignus, dsdjlSr, detSridr, vXtiosus. 

DEOEADE, to — V. act., dejlclo 3; 
demitto 3 ; ndto 1. 

DEGRADED — adj., turpis, inMnestus, 
sdrdldus, infdmis. 

Phr., capitis mindr (Hor. Od. iii. 5, 
42). 

DEGEEE — subst. = rank, grddus 4 ; 
fortund 1 ; conditio 3 f. ; Wctis 2, irr. 

Ep. high, low, servile, kingly, &c. 

DEIFIED — part. Phr., nmn^ro or 
ordlnibus, diorum adscriptus, ad dSos 
evectus, ccelo rSceptus. 

DEIFY, to — V. act., consecro 1. See 
phrases above. 

DEIGN, to— V. neut., digndr 1. 

Phr., non dedigndr 1. Sometimes 
v(fl6, irr. ; smtlnio 2. 

DEITY— subst., dgiis 2 ; 7ium?n 3 n. ; 
divus 2 ; cselicdlie 1 pi. ; supSri 2 pi. 

Ep. heavenly, omnipotent, present, 
&c. 

DEJECT, to — V. act. = to afflict, q. v. 

DEJECTED — adj., demissus, dejectiis. 

DELAY, to — V. act., mdrdr 1 ; tdrdo 
1 ; diffSro, irr. ; dimdrdr 1 ; r^mHrSr 1. 

V. neut., mSrdr 1 ; cesso 1 ; luerSo 

2 ; eunct^ 1 ; mavlo 2. 

Phr., mSrie indulgSo (2), mdrds necto 
'3), sSro (3), &c. 

DELAY — subst., mifra 1 ; sometimes 
segnltles 5, rSmSrdmSn 3. 

Ep. slow, long, troublesome, &c. 

DELAYED — adj., serus, tardus. See 
Delay. 

DELAYER — subst., cessatdr 3 m. 
(H.) ; diiatdr 3 m. (H.). 

DELIBEEATE, to— y. neut., eons&ld 



3 ; dublto 1 ; mSdltifr 1 ; delib^ro 1 
(Mart.) ; consllidr 1 (Hor. Od. iii. 3, 17). 

DELIBEEATE— adj., dellberdtus, cer- 
tus, sometimes lentiis. 

DELICACY— subst. 
(o) in good sense, piidSr 3 m. ; cultus 

4; mundlttd; pudicltla 1. 

Ep. honourable, becoming, &c. 
(b) in bad sense, fdstldlum 2; moUi- 

tles 5. 

Ep. foolish, effeminate, &c. 

DELICATE— adj. _ 
(o) in good sense, lautus, dellcatut 

(Mart.) ; tSngr, piidlcus, purus, mun- 

dus ; perhaps tSnuls (Hor. Od. ii. 16, 

38). 

(b) in bad sense, fdstldlosus, mollis. 
DELICIOUS — adj., sudvls, dulcls, 

grdtus, preedulcls, often placltus, ju- 
cundus, placins, dcceptus, anidbllls, 
a.moe,nus (only of sights). 

DELIGHT— subst^, gaudlum 2; f6- 
luptds 3 f. ; delict se 1 pi. ; illScShrse 
1 pi. ; oblectdm^n 3 n. ; Ixtitld 1 (no 
plural). Cf. also DulcS satis humSr, 
&c. (Verg. Ec. iii. 82). 

DELIGHT, to — V. act. = to give 
pleasure, juvo 1 ; delecto 1 ; placed 2 ; 
oblecto 1 ; rScrlo 1. 

V. neut. = to take pleasure, 

2 ; amo 1 ; IxtSr 1 ; drdSo 2. 

DELIGHTFUL — adj. = delicious, 
q. V. 

DELINQUENT— subst., som 3 m. ; 
ndcens 3 m. ; reus 2. 

DELIEIOUS— adj. = frenzied, q. v. 

DELIVEE, to— V. act. 
(a) to set free, lihSro 1 ; solto 3 ; expidto 

4 ; exlmo 3. 
(6) to entrust, credo 3 ; mdndo 1 ; com- 

mitto 3. 

(c) to surrender, dedo 3 ; trddo 3. 
DELIVEEANCE— subst. Translate 

by participle, e.g. the deliverance of 
the maiden, virgo (3 f.), serrdtu, virgo 
(3 f.), libera facta, &c. 

DELIVEEEE— subst., servdWr 3 m. 
See Champion. 

DELIVEEY— subst., = deliverance, 
q. v. 

DELL — subst., vdTIls 3 f. ; sdltus 4 ; 
convdllls 3 f. ; sometimes latebrx 1 pi., 
rScissus 4. 

Ep. grassy, shady, watery, retired, 
woody, &c. 



DELUDE 



( 89 ) 



DEPRESS 



DELTJDE, to — V. act., = to beguile, 
q. V. 

DELUGE— subst., dlluvies 5; dilu- 
vium 2 ; sometimes torrens 3. 

Ep. destructive, sudden, huge, un- 
restrained, &c. 

DELUGE, to — V. act., iniindo 1 ; oh- 
ruo 3 ; proluo 3. 

DELUSION — subst. Use phrase vdna 
species (5), mentis imago (3 f.), ramus 
errSr (3 m.); sometimes somnium 2, 
Insvmnla 2 pi. 

DELVE, to — V. act. See Dig, to. 

DELVEK — subst., = digger, q. v. 

DEMAND, to — V. act., posco 3 ; pos- 
tiilo 1 ; flagito 1 ; deposed 3 ; exposed 3 ; 
efflagtto 1 ; exigo 3 ; often peto 3, 
rdgo 1. 

DEMAND — subst. Translate by 
plirase with verb, e.g. he grants his 
demands, dat quae pStlt. Sometimes 
demand = command, q. v. 

DEMEAN, to— V. act. (with self), 
(a) to behave, q. v. 
(6) to debase, q. v. 

DEMEANOUE — subst., = behaviour 
(?)), q. V. 

DEMENTED— adj. = mad, q. v. 

DEMERIT- subst., delictum 2; cmZ- 
pu 1. 

DEMIGOD — subst., divus 2 ; semldSus 
2 ; semidSa 1 f . 

Phr., plehs supSrum (Ov. Ibis, 81). 

Ep. heavenly, powerful, &c. 

DEMOLISH, to—verto 3 ; everto 3 ; 
ruo 3 ; dlriiO 3 ; proruo 3 ; dejlcio 3 ; 
destruo 3 ; exscindo 3 ; sterno 3 ; pro- 
sterno 3 ; deled 2 ; demollOr 4. 

DEMON — subst., perhaj^s furlse 1 pi. 

DEMONIAC— adj., furils agltutus. 

demonstrate", to — V. act., monstro 
1 ; demonstrd 1 ; miico 3 ; ostendd 3 ; 
drguo 3; Indtco 1 ; probo 1. 

DEMUR, to — V. neut. = to hesitate, 
morSr 1 ; lisereo 2 ; duhito 1. 

DEN — subst., cavum 2 ; caverna 1 ; 
s'pelunca 1 ; spgcus i ; dntrttm 2 ; la- 
tehrse 1 pi. ; spelxum 2 ; lustra 2 pi. 
(lit. haunts). 

Ep. obscure, retired, shady, over- 
grown, dread, &c. 

DENIAL— subst., r?2mha 1. Often 
translate by participle, e.g. denial of 
gifts, dona (2 pi.), n?gdta, &c. 

Ep. base, discourteous, &c. 



DENIZEN — subst., = inhabitant, 
incdla 1 m. ; cSlonus 2 ; clvls 3 m. 

DENOTE, to— V. act., = to demon- 
strate, q. V. 

DENOUNCE, to — v. act., = to ac- 
cuse, q. V. 

DENSE — adj., densUs, spissUs, dpdcus. 

Phr. non rdrus. 

DENUDE, to — V. act., nudo 1 ; spSlld 
1 ; exuo 3. 

DENY, to— V. act. 
(a) to sav no, n?go 1 ; InfttiSr 1 ; per- 

i^go 1 (Tib.) ; rSnud 3 ; dlffltldr 2. 
(6) to refuse, nego 1 ; den^go 1 ; abn?g» 

1 ; InfitlSr 1 ; rScuso 1. 
(c)'to deny with an oath, dbjuro 1. 

DEPART, to— V. neut. 

(a) ah^o, irr. ; dlscedo 3 ; excedo 3 ; prff- 
ficiscdr 3. 

(b) to die, q. v. 

DEPARTURE— subst., abitus 4 ; dl»- 
cessus 4 ; dtgressiis 4. 

Ep. sudden, final, mournful, &c. 

DEPEND, to — V. neut. 
(a) pend&o 2 ; dependSo 2. 
(6) depend upon = trust, q. v. 

DEPENDENT — subst., cl'iens 3 m. 

DEPICT, to — V. act., plngo 3; de- 
plngo 3 ; descrlbo 3 ; exprimo 3 ; deslgno 
1 ; flngo 3 ; efflngo 3 ; pono 3. 

DEPLORABLE — adj. = sad, q. v. 

DEPLORE, to — V. act., ploro 1 ; de- 
ploro 1 ; dolPo 2 ; lugPo 2 ; jl^o 2 ; 
deflSo 2 ; quSrSr 3 ; gSmo 3 ; ingSmo 3 ; 
pldngo 3. 

DEPLOY, to— V. act., expllco 1. 

DEPOPULATE, to — v. act., jydpulo 1 ; 
p8pul8r 1 ; depdpuldr 1 ; ^-us^o 1 ; 
desolo 1. 

DEPOSE, to — V. act. = to degrade, 
dejlcio 3 ; detrudo 3. 

DEPOSIT — subst., depdsltum 2 ; 
commissum 2. 

DEPRAVE, to — V. act. = to corrupt, 
q. V. 

DEPRAVED — adj., perdltus, imprS- 
bus, jjmi-tts, of things; sometimes 
meiidosus. 

DEPRECATE, to— v. act., depr^cSr 1 ; 
ubdmXndr 1. 

DEPRECIATE, to — v. act , detrecto 1 ; 
det?ro 3; tenud 1. 

DEPRESS, to — V. act., deprimo 3; 
dejlcio 3 ; prSmo 3 ; gruvo 1 ; degravo I. 



DEPRIVE 



( 90 ) 



DESIGN 



DEPEIVE, to — V. act., pnyo 1; 
spdilo 1 ; nido 1 ; orbo 1 ; fraudo 1 ; 
rldtw 1. 

DEPTH— subst. 
(a) of the sea. 

Phr., altd (2 pi.) marts, marg (3 n.) 
jyrdfundum, pontiis 2, gurgSs 3 m., 
vortex 3 m., vdrago 3 f. 

Ep. immense, dark, inaccessible, &c. 
(6) abyss, q. v. 

DEPUTY — subst., ligdtus 2; ora<^^ 
3 m. 

DERANGE, to — ^v. act., turbo 1; 
mlscfo 2; c&nfundo 3; fer^o 1. 

DEBANGED — adj. = mad, q. v. 

DEBIDE, to — V. act., r'uUo 2 ; deri- 
ded 2 ; irrid?6 2 ; ludo 3 ; lUudo 3. 

DEBISION — subst., risus 4; liJuR- 
brtum 2. 

Phr., I am held in derision, Zudl- 
brlum (2) /to, irr. 

Ep. bitter, unjust, biting, &c. 

DEBISIVE — adj., perhaps malignus, 
imprdhiis. 

DEEIYE, to — V. act., traho 3 ; died 
3 ; deduco 3 ; derivo 1 ; ref^ro, irr. 

DESCANT— subst. = song, q. v. 

DESCEND, to — V. neut. 
(a) descendo 3 ; decurro 3. 
(h) of birth. Phr., ggnus (3 n.) traho 

(3), r^/ffro (irr.), duco (3), &c. ; 

descended from, ndtiis, ortus, cretus, 

satiis, &c. 

DESCENDANT— subst., sdMes 3 f.; 
proles 3 f. ; prdpago 3 f. ; progenies 5 ; 
«/e;i8 3 f. ; g?nus 3 n. ; sanguis 3 m. 
Use also/F?tMS 2; ?ja<tt« 2; «^j:>08 3 m. ; 
postg^nitl 2 pi. ; minores 3 m. pi. ; 
posterltas 3%. ; posieri 2 pi. 

Ep. coming (fut. part.), late, worthy, 
like, &c. 

DESCENT— subst. 
(ii) descensus 4. 

Ep. steep, abrupt, sudden, easy, &c. 
(}}) of birth, gens 3 f. ; gSnus 3 n. ; 

^fgro 3 f . 

Ep. noble, royal, ancient, &c. 

DESCBIBE, to — V. act., died 3; 
Tnfm&ro 1 ; narro 1 ; r?fSrd, irr. ; expono 
S ; ptlndo 3 ; expgdlo 4 ; commi'mdrd 1. 

Phr., rffc^Es, &c., pros?quor (3). 

DESCBY, to — V. act., prosplclo 3; 
prospecto 1. 

Phr., &^Zi« metldr (4), prScUl dspMo 
(3). 



DESECBATE, to — v. act., j^oZZiid 3 ; 
r?o/o 1 ; inqulno 1 ; ySt^Jo 1 ; prSfdno 1 ; 
tSmfro 1 ; cont^mlro 1. 

DESEBT— subst., deserts. 2 pi.; te«- 
gtw 2 pi. (H.) ; dvla 2 n. pi. 

Phr., lOcd sola, nfdlis Idea cognXtd, 
r^cessus (4 pi.) incultt. 

Ej). arid, sandy, rocky, uncultivated, 
wild, &c. 

DESEBT — adj., desertus, solus, dvlus, 
invlus, rfmotus, semotus, secretus. 

DESEBT, to — V. act., desSro 3; 
rSlinqitd 3 ; destltuo 3 ; llnquu 3 ; prodo 
3 ; dbdlco 1. 

V. neut. (of a soldier), phr., 

signa r^Unquo (3). 

DESEBT — subst. = merit, _ni^'rrtMjn 
2 ; henPf actum 2 ; sometimes ausum 2 ; 
virtus 3 f. ; laus 3 f. 

Ep. conspicuous, unwonted, &c. 

DESEBTED— adj., relictus, desertiisi 
often .'<o/w,<, Orbus, orbdtSs. 

DESEBTEB— subst. 
(a) of a soldier, trdnsfuga 1. 
(fe) generally prodlt&r 3 m. ; desertOr 

3 m. 

Ep. cowardly, treacherous, base, &c. 

DESEBTION— subst. Use fUga 1; 
prodltlo 3 f. 

E]). cowardly, treacherous, base, &c. 

DESEBVE, " to— V. act., m^rgo 2 ; 
mSri^or 2 ; enwrfo 2 ; c&mmSrSo 2 ; pro- 
mSr?o 2 ; pr&mSrSOr 2. 

Phr., dlgnHs sum, non indignus sum, 
&c. 

DESEBVED— adj. 

(a) well-deserved, m^rltus, Justus, debt- 
fits, dignUs. 

Phr., non immSrltus, non injustUs, 
non indebitas. 

(b) ill-deserved, imm^ritiis, indignus, 
injustUs, indebltus. 

Phr., non or maU mSrttus, debltus, 
digitus, (tc. 

DESEBVEDLY— adv., m^rltojiirg. 

Plir., 6h meritum, ex mSrito. 

DESEBVING— adj., mirltUs, dignOs, 
proinPrltus. emeritus. 

DESIDEBATE, to — v. act. = to 
regret, dtsidPrO 1 ; rSquiro 3. 

DESIGN, to— V. act. 

(a) to purpose, coglto 1 ; mMitdr 1 ; 
paro 1 ; uglto 1 ; tolvo 3 ; texo 3 ; 
Jingo 3; molidr i; verso 1. 

(b) to depict, q. v. 



DESIGN 



( «1 ) 



DESTROY 



DESIGN — subst. = purpose, con- 
silium 2 ; prdpdsttum 2 ; sententla 1 ; 
mens 3 f. ; animus 2 ; inceptum 2. In 
bad sense, often fraus 3 f . ; dSll 2 pi. ; 
ars 3 f. ; ratio 3. 

Ep. A. noble, pure, wise, brave, &c. 
B. base, cowardly, secret, unjust, 
bloody, &c. 

DESIGNEDLY — adv., consuUo 
(Prop.), conslllo (abl.). Use prudens. 

DESIGNING— adj. = artful (6), q. v. 

DESIS.ABLE — adj., optabllls, optdn- 
dus, cQplendus. 

DESIBE — subst, cupido 3 f. ; iimSr 
3 m. ; stadium 2 ; drdSr 3 m. ; libido 
3 f. ; animus 2 ; void 2 pi. Use also 
sltls 3 f. (thirst) ; fames 3 f. (hunger). 

Ep. A. noble, manly, worthy, &c. 
B. base, accursed, secret, &c. 

DESIRE, to — V. act., cuplo 3 ; opto 1 ; 
exopto 1 ; void, irr. ; pSto 3 ; expSto 3 ; 
drdSd 2 ; avSo 2 ; gestlo 4 (H., Lucret.). 

DESIROUS — adj., cupldus, avldus, 
studiosus, amdns. 

DESIST, to — V. neut., (with from) 
deslno 3 ; deslsto 3 ; dbslsto 3 ; SbsilnSo 2. 
See Cease, to. 

DESK — subst. Use scrinla 2 n. pi. ; 
cdpsa 1 (Juv., H.); drcd 1. 

Ep. closed, hated, dear, &c. 

DESOLATE — adj., desoldtus, solus, 
desertus, vastus. 

DESOLATE, to — v. act. = to depopu- 
late, q. v. 

DESOLATION— subst. Translate by 
phrase, e.g. Idea sola, Idea desoldta. 

DESPAIR — subst., desperdtld 3 f. 
(Juv.). But you must use phrases, 
e.g. spes (5) perdlta, or uhjecta, mens 
(3 f.) exspes ; in despair, exspes. 

DESPAIR, to — V. neut., despero 1. 

Phr., non sperd (1); why should I 
despair of becoming a mother ? cur Sgd 
desperem flSri mdtSrl (Ov. Fast. v. 
241). 

DESPATCH, to— V. act. 
(a) to send away, dlmltto 3 ; mitto 3. 
(h) to kill, q. V. 
(c) to finish, q. v. 

DESPERATE— adj., perdltus, imprd- 
bus, temirdrlus. 

DESPERATELY— adv., tSm^rS. Use 
adjective. 

Phr., I love more desi^erately, pejus 
amo 1, (Ov. Her. iv. 26 ; vii. 30). 



DESPICABLE— adj. = contemptible, 
q. v. 

DESPISE, to — V. act., sperno 3; 
temno 3 ; contemno 3 ; dsperndr 1 ; 
desplclo 3 ; fdstidlo 4 ; dedlgndr 1 ; 
respud 3; rejlclo 3; dversdr 1. 

DESPISER — subst., spretdr 3; con- 
temptor 3. 

DESPITE— subst. Use invldld 1 ; 
ira 1 ; imprdbltds 3 f. 

Phr., in despite of, translate by abl., 
abs., e.g. te invito, in your despite; 
regS vStdntS, in spite of the king. 

DESPITEFUL — adj. = malicious, 
malignus, imprdhus, invldus, malus, 
infestus, noxlus, injurlosus. 

DESPOIL, to — V. act., nudo 1 ; 
spdlio 1. 

DESPOND, to— V. neut. = to despair, 
q. V. 

DESPONDENCY — subst. = despair, 
q. V. 

DESPONDENT — adj. Phr., animo 
or rnent^ dejectus, demlssus. 

DESPOT— subst., tprdnnus 2; dffmi- 
nus 2 ; rex 3 m. 

Ep. cruel, lawless, bloody, proud, &c. 

DESPOTIC — adj. impSrlosus, super- 
bus. 

Phr., legS sSlutiis. 

DESSERT— subst. Phr., mensa (1) 
sScunda, or altSra. Also in plural. 

DESTINE, to— V. act. 
(a) to appoint, destlno 1 ; statud 3 ; 

constltuo 3 ; died 3. 
(&) to devote, destlno 1 ; devdvSd 2 ; 

died 1 ; dedlcd 1 ; dddlcd 3 ; servo 1 ; 

rSservd 1. 

DESTINED— adj., destlndtus, fdtdlis, 
dertus. 

DESTINY— subst.,/5<«m 2 ; sdrs 3 f. ; 
fdrtuna 1 ; nScissltds 3 f. 

Ep. glorious, humble, lucky, un- 
lucky, blind, fixed, doubtful, unknown, 
&c. 

_DESTITUTE — adj., Sgenus, indps, 
paupi'r, Pgens. 

RESTITUTION— subst., egestds 3 f. ; 
pauper tus 3 f. 

DESTROY, to— V. act. 
(a) to demolish, vertd 3 ; evertd 3 ; rtio 

3 ; derud 3 ; prdrSd 3 ; dejlcld 3 ; 

destriid 3 ; exsclndd 3 ; sternd 3 ; prd- 

sternd 3 ; deled 2 ; demdlldr 4 ; perdd 

3 ; dbsumd 3. 



DESTROYER 



( 92 ) 



DEWLAP 



(6) to kill, csedd 3 ; dcddo 3 ; n^co 1 ; 

interficio 3; pSrimo 3; intirimo 3; 

per do 3. 

DESTEOYEB— subst., eversik 3 m. 
Use pestis 3 f. ; perntcles 5, &c. 

DESTEITCTION — subst., ruina 1 ; 
exUtum 2 ; clades 3 f . ; pernlcies 5 ; 
cosMs 4 ; excidium 2 ; funus 3 n. 

Ep. complete, just, unjust, sudden, 
&c. 

DESTEUCTIVE — adj., exUidsus 
(Mart.), perniclosus, exUidlis, funestus, 
ddmnosus, noxlus, fulminSus (of a boar's 
tusk). 

DETACH, to — V. act., separo 1; di- 
vido 3; dlsjuugo 3; secerno 3; dissdclo 
1 ; divello 3. 

DETAIL, to — V. act., wrro 1 ; ex- 
•pSdio 4 ; pando 3. 

DETAIL — subst. Phr., in detail, 
ordinS ; each detail, singula 2 pi. 

DETAIN, to— V. act., ^^n?o 2; de- 
fr^i^o 2 ; rStinSo 2 ; cdhlbSo 2 ; mdrdr 1 ; 
demdrffr 1 ; fardo 1. 

DETECT, to — V. act. = to discover, 
detSgo 3; rSperlo 4; r^cludo 3; |)a<^- 
/aclo 3 ; deprendo 3 ; rStSgo 3 ; pdndo 
3 ; apSrlo 4. 

DETEB, to — V. act., deterred 2 ; 
dverto 3 ; dlsxiidd?d 2 ; ablgfo 3. 

DETERMINATION — subst., con- 
slllum 2 ; prdpositiim 2 ; sententia 1 ; 
«!€«« 3 f . ; animus 2 ; inceptum 2. 

Ep. fixed, manly, constant, »fec. 

DETERMINE, to— v. act. = to de- 
cide, statuo 3 ; constltuo 3 ; decerno 3. 

Phr., it is determined, s?d^<, sfaf, 
^erf animus, cerUim est, &c. 

DETERMINED— adj. 
(a) resolute, constant, firmus, immo- 

bilis, immotiis. 
(h) resolved, certus, with gen. of gerund 

or infin., e.g. mdrl certus, determined 

to die ; certus eundi, determined to 

go. 

DETEST, to — odl, defect. ; detesUfr 
1 ; abominSr 1 ; dversSr 1. 

Phr., 6dlo hahSo 2. 

DETESTABLE — adj., inmsus, detes- 
tdtus, (tdiosus, ahdmtndtus. 

DETHRONE, to — v. act. = to depose, 
q. V. 

Phr., sdlio depello 3. 

DETRACT, to— V. neut. (with from) 
= to carp, to disparage, q. v. 



DETRIMENT — subst. = damage, 
damnum 2 ; jdctura 1 ; incdmmddum 2 ,• 
detrlmentum 2 (H.) ; injuria 1. 

DEVASTATE, to— v. act., vdsto 1 ; 
pdpuld 1 ; pdpuldr 1 ; depdpuldr 1 ; de- 
solo 1. 

DEVIATE, to — v. neut. = to go 
astray. See Astray. 

DEVICE— subst. 

(a) armorial bearings, insignS 3 n. ; 
spSclmSn 3 n. ; cseldmSn 3 n. 

Ep. conspicuous, gilded, ancient 
honourable, &c. 

(6) in good sense = design, q.v. 
(c) in bad sense = artifice, q. v. 

DEVIL — subst. Use phrases from 
Latin mythology, e.g. Fiirlse 1 pi., the 
furies. 

DEVIOUS — adj., devlus, dvlus. 

DEVISE, to — V. act. = to design (a") 
q. V. ; rfpSrlo 4 ; extundo 3. 

DEVOID — adj., vacuus, expers, libSr. 

DEVOLVE, to— V. neut., cSdo 3. 

DEVOTE, to — V. act. 
(o) vdv^o 2 ; devdvSo 2 ; dedico 1 ; dlco 

1 ; sCicro 1 ; consecro 1 ; destlno 1 ; 

dddico 3. 

(b) to devote oneself to, invlgllo 1 ; im- 
mdrldr 3. 

DEVOTED, to — adj., dedltUs, devotus ; 
sometimes studlosus, devinctus. 

DEVOTEE — subst., perhaps cUMr 
3 m.; cUltrix 3 f. ; famulus 2. 

Ep. faithful, perpetual, &c. 

DEVOTION — subst. = zeal, studlum 
2 ; drdSr 3 m.; sedulltds 3 f. ; ciira 1. 

Ep. sincere, eager, feigned, &c. 

DEVOUR, to— V. act. 
(a) vSro 1 ; devSro 1 ; absumo 3 ; con- 
sumo 3 ; edo 3, irr. ; pSrSdo 3 ; exSdS 

3 ; adedo 3. 
(6) in general sense = to destroy, q. v. 

DEVOUT— adj., plus, sdnctus. 

Yhr., pUtdtls amdns, rSvSrens dSorumy 
dSorum cultdr 3. 

DEVOUTLY — adv., pie, sdncte, pure. 

DEW — subst., ros 3 m. 

Phr., roscldus hiimSr 3 m. 

Ep. morning, moist, cold, sparkling, 
falling, heaven-sent, &c. 

DEWDROP — subst. Phr., rosclda 
gutta 1. 

DEWLAP— subst., palSdrU 3 n. pi. 

Ep. soft, &c. 



DEWY 



( 93 ) 



DIKE 



DEWY — adj., roscidus, rordns, humi- 
dus. 

Phr., ror^ madens, &c. 

DEXTEKITY — subst., sollertla 1 ; 
cdllidltds 3 f. 

Ep. wondrous, magic, learned, &c. 

DEXTEROUS— adj., sollers, cdUidus. 

DIADEM — subst., diSdema 3 n ; 
cdrona 1 (generally in this sense with 
epithet, such as aurSa, regdlis, cldra 
miro gemmisqu^, &c.) ; apex 3 m. (jSee 
Hor. Od. iii. 21, 20.) 

DIAL — subst., soldrium 2 (no poeti- 
cal authority). 

Phr., quintd dum linSa tdngitur 
umbrd (Pers. 3, 4). 

DIAMOND — subst., adamds 3 m 
(Mart.). 

Ep. precious, sparkling, hard, &c. 

DIAFEB, to — V. act., vario 1 ; pingo 
3 ; distinguo 3. 

DIAEY— subst., epUmSrls 3 (Prop.). 

DICE — subst., dlSd 1 ; tessSra 1 ; 
tdliis 2. 

Ep. deceitful, ruinous, rash, &c. 

DICE-BOX— subst., frltUlus (Mart.) ; 
phlmm (H.). 

Ep. shaken, doubtful, &c. 

DICTATE, to— V. act. 
(a) dido 1 ; verba pr So, irr. 
(6) to command (a), q. v. 

DICTATOB— subst., dictdtSr 3 m. 

Ep. brave, illustrious, powerful, &c. 

DIE, to — V. neut., mUrWr 3 ; etndridr 
3 ; dheo 4, irr. ; interffo 4, irr. ; perSo 4, 
irr. ; exspiro 1 ; occido 3 ; excido 3. 

Phr., mortem dbSo, fdtd suhSo, vitdm 
llnquo (3), pono (3), animam or vitdm 
do (1), morte lumina cldudo (3), &c. 
To die upon or in, immSridr 3; e.g. 
sdrori imm&rltur, she dies upon her 
sister; Euxinis aquls immdritur, he 
dies in the Euxine ; prEmSri8r (3), 
I die young. 

DIE — subst. See Dice. 

DIET — subst., victus 4 ; mensa 1 ; 
cibus 2. 

Ep. scanty, abundant, wholesome, 
noxious, &c. 

DIFFEB, to — V. neut. 
(a) to be different from, diffSro, irr. ; 

disto 1 ; dissidSo 2 ; discrEpo 1. 
(&) to be at variance with, dlsseniXo 4 ; 

dissidSo 2 ; perhaps certo 1 ; con- 

tendo 3. 



DIFFEBENCE— subst. 

(a) discrimSn 3 n. Often translate by 
verb, e.g. there is a diflference be- 
tween this and that, hoc distat ab 
illo, &c. 

Phr., It makes no difference, nil 
interest. 

(b) quarrel, q. v. 
DIFFEBENT— adj., discors, dissimt- 

Its, diversus, variiis, dbsffnus (H.), non 
idem, dltSr. 

DIFFEBENTLY— adv., varie, alitSr, 
diverse. 

DIFFICULT— adj. 

(a) dlfficilis, durus, ardUits, dpSrosus, 
gravis. 

(b) doubtful, dublus, dmbiguiis, incertus, 
dnceps. 

DIFFICULTY- subst. Phr., res (5) 
drduse, dubias, dngustae, &c. To be in 
difficulties, laboro 1. 

DIFFIDENCE— subst., pUdSr 3 m. ; 
mSdestia 1 ; diffidentid 1 (Ov. B. Am. 
543). 

Ep. youthful, becoming, ingenuous, 

i)irFIDENT— adj. 
(a) modest, pudicus, vSrecundus, md- 

destus. 
(6) doubtful, dublus. 

Phr., mdlS certus, malS fidixs. 

DIFFUSE, to — v. act., diffundo 3; 
spdrgo 3 ; dispergo 3 ; dissipo 1. 

DIG, to — V. act., fddlo 3 ; oavo 1 ; 
verso 1 ; verto 3. 

DIGEST, to — V. act. 
(a) cdquo 3 ; of cattle, rumino 1. 
(6) to distribute, digErd 3 ; distrihUo 3 ; 

dlvldo 3 ; dispono 3; ordino 1. 

DIGGEB— subst., fossik 3 m. ; ardtSr 
3 m. 

Ep. sturdy, dUigent, weary, rustic, 
&c. 

DIGHT— part. = decked. See Deck, 

TO. 

DIGNIFIED — adj., gravis, augustus, 
vSrendus, vSnSrSbilis. 

DIGNIFY, to — V. act., orno 1; de- 
cSro 1 ; tollo 3, irr. 

DIGNITY— subst., MnSr 3 m. ; md- 
jestds 3 f. ; grdvitds 3 f . 

Ep. royal, proud, venerable, &c. 

DIKE — subst. 
(a) channel, fossa 1. 



DILAPIDATED 



( 94 ) 



DISAPPOINT 



Ep. traced (ductus), broad, full of 
water, &c. 
(6) mound, moles 3 f . ; aggSr 3 m. ; obex 

3 m. 

Ep. heaped up, grassy, &c. 

DILAPIDATED— adj. = ruined, q. v. 

DILATE, to — V. act., dildto 1 ; ex- 
tendo 3. 

V. neut. 

(a) to expand, pStesco 3 ; dlldtSr 1. 
(6) with " on," expidlo 4 ; pando 3. 

DILATOBY — adj., tardus, lentils, 
Iners, segnis. As subst., dildtdr 3 (H.). 

DILIGENCE— subst., sediilltas 3 f . ; 
cura 1 ; studlum 2 ; labdr 3 m. ; dpSra 
1 ; strenultds 3 f. ; industrla 1. 

Ep. praiseworthy, unflagging, pre- 
tended, &c. 

DILIGENT — adj., sedulus, sttididsus, 
strenum, gndvus, industrlus (Juv.), dcSr, 
impigSr. 

DILL — subst., anethum 2. 

Ep. sweet-smelling, luxuriant, hum- 
ble. &c. 

DILUTE, to — V. act., dlliid 3; tem- 
pera 1 ; restlnguo 3 ; misc^o 2. 

DIM — adj., obscurus, sublustris, wm- 
hrosus, tenebrosus, iiicertiis, malignus, 
(only of light) Spdcus. 

DIM, to — V. act. = to darken, q. v. 

Phr., to dim the sight, msus MbSto. 

(1). 

DIMINISH, to — ^v. act. = to lessen, 
mXnud 3 ; deminiid 3 (Prop.) ; imminud 
3; dttSnuo 1 ; ext^niio 1 ; tffnuo 1. 

V. neut., decresco 3 and passives 

of verbs above. 

DIMLT — adv. Phr., dimly seen, 
maU or obscure, or segre visiis, &c. 
. DIMNESS — subst. See Darkness. 

DIMPLE — subst., lacuna 1 ; gSlasinils 
2 (Mart.). 

Ep. tiny, rosy, &c. 

DIN — subst., str^pitus 4 ; fragSr 3 m. ; 

murmur 3 n. ; tiimultus 4 ; fremitus 4 ; 

cldmSr 3 m. ; cldngdr 3 m. ; strlddr 

3 m. 

Ep. martial, harsh, increasing, 
angry, &c. _ 

DINE — V. neut., aetio 1 ; SpHlSr 1. 

DINGLE — subst. = dell, q. v. 

DINGY — adj., sordidus, squdlidus, 
squdleiiB, immujidus, faedus, turpls. 

DINNEB — subst., cmna 1. 

Ep. thrifty, sumptuous, royal, .pre- 



pared, evening, simple, luxurious, 
festive, &c. 

DINT — subst., perhaps sulcus 2, or 
nOta 1. 

DINT, to — V. act., perhaps sulco 1 ; 
ndto 1 ; signo 1 ; fSrlo 4. See Strike, 

TO. 

DIP, to — V. act., mergo 3; immergo 
3 ; merso 1 ; demergo 3 ; demitto 3 ; 
^)ruo 3 ; lavo 1 and 3 ; tingo 3. 

V. neut. Use passives of verbs 

above. Also Ado 3 (Prop.) ; subsidd 3 ; 
cado 3. 

DIBE — adj., dirus, horrendus, mStu- 
endus, terribllis, horribllis, formlddndus, 
formidSbtlis, gravis, mindx, ssevus, dspi^r, 
atrox, ii)fe>'fu$,fdrnnddJdsus, trux. 

DIBECT — adj., rectus, directus. 

DIBECT, to— V. act. 
(«) to aim, q. v. 
(6) to guide, rfgo 3 ; dirlgo 3 ; mSdSrdr 

1 ; guberno 1. 

DIBEITIL— adj., = dire, q. v. 

DIBGE — subst., nenia 1 ; quSrella 1 ; 
quSrlmonia 1. 

Phr., ferdU carman (3 n.) or exsS- 
quidle. 

Ep. sorrowful, funeral, pious, 
nightly, &c. 

DIBK— 8ica 1 (Mart.). 

Ep. hard, steel, bloody, &c. 

DIBT — subst., latum 2 ; coimim 2 ; 
llmUs 2 ; elUvles or illuvXes 5 ; sordes 3 f. 
pi. 

Ep. foul, ancient, &c. 

DIBTY — adj., sordldUs, immundus, 
fcedus, turpls, squdlidus, sqv^lens, 
spurcns (Mart.). 

DISADVANTAGE— subst., incommd- 
dum2; ddmnum2; injuria 1. . 

Ep. present, troublesome, &c. • 

DISAFFECTED— adj., rebellig, Int- 
micus. 

DISAGBEE, to— V. neut. = to differ, 
q. V. 

DISAGBEEABLE— adj., ingrdtus, 
gravis, mdlestus, difficllls. 

DISAPPEAB, to — V. neut. = to 
vanish, vdnesco 3 ; evdnesco 3 ; discedo 
3 ; ftigXo 3 ; effugio 3. 

DISAPPOINT, to— V. act., fdllo 3; 
eludo 3 ; ludo 3 ; decipio 3 ; fraudo 1 ; 
sometimes deftcio 3. 

Phr., let me only not be disappointed 
of my hope, Spem mddd m nostram 



DISAPPROVE 



( 95 ) 



DISCOURSE 



ftSri patldrS caducam depr?cdr (Ov. 
Her. xvi.; 169). For crops disappoint- 
ing the husbandman, see Ovid. Fast. 
iv. 641, 2 ; Verg. Georg. i. 220, &c. 

DISAPPROVE, to— V. act., culpo 1 ; 
imprdbo 1 ; dumno 1 ; condemno 1 ; 
drguo 3 ; rPprShendo 3 ; corrlpio 3. 

DISAEM, to — V. act. Use phr. 
drmls exiio (3), spdllo (1), nudo (1), 
drnia adlmo (3), dufSrb (irr.), &c. 

DISAERANGE, to — v. act., turbo 1 ; 
•mlscSo 2 ; conmnlscSd 2 ; confmidd 3 ; 
a^rto 1. 

DISABBAY, to — v. act. 
(a) to strip, nudo 1 ; spdlio 1. 
(6) to rout, /undo 3 ; confundo 3 ; /«</o 

1. 

DISASTER — subst., clddes 3 f. ; 
cxdes 3 f. ; ruliid 1 ; pestis 3 ; exittum 
2 ; pernicles 5 ; 7KaZa 2 n. pi. ; ddversa 
2 n. pi. 

Ep. sudden, unmerited, headlong, 
heavy, dread, &c. 

DISASTROUS— adj., infwustus, lacri- 
mosus, Idcrimubills, lugubrls, flebllis, 
pernlciosus, funestus, exitldlls ; perliaps 
ezitidhllls. 

DISAVOW — V. act., abnuo 3 ; respuo 
3; imp r olio 1. 

DISBAND, to — ^v. act., dlmltto 3; 
mittd 3 ; disslpo, 1. 

DISBELIEVE, to— v. act. Phr., non 
credo (3), dmIP credo (3), &c. 

DISBURDEN, to— v. act., exffn^ro 1 ; 
iSvo 1. 

Phr., solvo pondSrS, I free from a 
burden, &c. 

DISCARD, to — V. act., rejicio 3; 
ezciitio 3. 

.DISCERN, to— V. act. 
(ft) to see, q. v. 
(&) to distinguish between, dlscemo 3 ; 

dlstlngud 3 (H.) ; dlgnosco 3 (H.). 

DISCHARGE, to— v. act. 
(a) to dismiss, dimitto 3 ; mttio 3. 
(&) to disburden, q. v. 

(c) to perform, fungur 3 ; dM5 4, irr. ; 
perficio 3 ; e field 3 ; conflcio 3 ; ex- 
sSqudr 3 ; prsesto 1 ; «gro 3. 

(d) a weaix)n, miWo 3; emltto 3; 
yacio 3 ; torqu^o 2 ; e/rc?o 3 ; pro- 
jlcio 3 ; expello 3 (arcu sagittam). 
DISCIPLE — subst., dlscXpUlus 2 ; 

sometimes auditdr 3 ?ra. 
Ep. loyal, youthful, eager, &c. 



DISCIPLINE— subst. There is no 
exact verse equivalent. Use some- 
times doclrlna 1 ; T^dimentum 2 ; cultus 
4 ; usus 4 ; mos 3 m., with epithets 
such as <rts<?s = severe, cZwrus = rugged, 
avitus = ancestral, dlfficUls = stem. 
Sometimes use militia 1. 

Phr., exercitus curis = disciplined by 
trouble ; sometimes discipline = 
punishment, q. v. 

DISCIPLINE, to— V. act. 

(a) exerceo 2 ; histituo 3 ; erUdlo 4 ; 
edSco 1. 

(b) = to i^unish, q. v. 
DISCLAIM, to— V. act., almiio 3 

respiid 3 ; rejicio 3. 

DISCLOSE, to— V. act., ap^rio 4 
r^elUdo 3 ; pando 3 ; patgfacid 3 ; r^- 
tSgo 3 ; det?go 3 ; momtro 1 ; ostendo 3 
prodo 3 ; explico 1 ; indtco 1 ; mani- 
festo 1 ; t'il/gfo 1 ; diffdmo 1 ; expromo' 
3 ; rSslgno 1. 

DISCOLOUR— V. act., decdloro 1; 
infield 3 ; ftiro 1 ; muculo 1 ; <ijm/o 3 ; 
infused 1 ; inquino 1 ; eommdculo 1. 

DISCOLOURED— adj., dectfWr ; often 
tlnctiis, infectus, mdculdtiis, &c. ; some- 
times Uvldiis — bruised. 

DISCOMFIT, to— v. act. = to defeat, 
q. V. 

DISCOMPOSE, to ; DISCONCERT, to 
— V. act. = to disturb, q. v. 

DISCONNECT, to — v. act., sepdrd 1 ; 
divido 3 ; dlsjungo 3 ; dissdclo 1 ; 
dlvello 3. 

DISCONSOLATE— adj., inconsoldbllts. 
See Sorrowful. 

DISCONTENT— subst., ciira 1 ; solll- 
cltudo 3 f. ; d5lSr 3 m. ; dnxlStds 3 f. 

Ep. troublesome, bitter, growing, in- 
curable, &c. 

DISCONTENTED — adj., solUcltus, 
dnxius, turhdtus. 

DISCORD — subst., dlscordla 1 ; some- 
times certdm^n 3 n. ; lis 3 f. ; rixa 1 ; 
pugnd 1 ; seditlo 3 f. ; motus 4 ; pdrtes 
3 pi. ; tumultus 4 ; simultds 3 f. 

Ep. civic, mad, fierce, sudden, grow- 
ing, &c. [(H.). 

DISCORDANT — adj., discors, dbsSnus 

DISCOURAGE, to — v. act., perhaps 
debtlltd 1 ; eriervo 1 ; infringo 3 ; 
exdnlmo 1. 

DISCOURSE — subst., sermo 3 m. 

Ep. long, eloquent, pleasing, &c. 



DISCOURSE 



( 96 ) 



DISHEA'-ELLED 



DISCOITESE, to — ^v. neut., dispute 1 ; 
dlssSro 3. 

DISCOTJBTEOXJS — adj., rusticiis, 
agrestic, tnurhdnus (H.), inliumanus 
<H.), lllrpidus (CatuU.). 

DISCOUETESY — subst., rusticUas 
3 f. ; dfpSrltas 3 f. ; fSrltds 3 f. 

Phr., mores (3) inculti. 

Ep. rude, barbarous, uncouth, &c. 

DISCOVEE, to — V. act. 

(a) to find out, invSnio i ; rSpSrio 4. 

(b) to disclose, q. v. 
DISCOVEEEE— subst., rgpertffr 3^m. ; 

inventdr 3 m. ; inventriz 3 f. ; auctdr 
3 m. ; monstrdtdr 3 m. ; sometimes com- 
miniSr 3 m. 

Ep. bold, diligent, unwearied, first, 
&c. 

DISCOVEEY — subst., hivintum 2 ; 
often translate by part., e.g. the dis- 
covery of the fault, culpa r?perta, &c. 

DISCEEDIT — subst. = disgrace, q. v. 

DISCEEDIT, to — V. act. Phr., non 
credo (3), inalS credo (3). 

DISCEEET — adj., cautus, providiig, 
prudens, sagdx, sapiens. 

DISCEOWN, to — V. act. Use phrases, 
e.g. to drive from realm, to strip of 
crown, honour, &c., to abase. 

DISCEOWNED — adj., privdtus. (See 
Hor. Od. i. 37, 31.) [1. 

DISCUSS, to — V. act., Sgtto 1 ; verso 

DISDAIN, to— V. act. 
(a) to deem unworthy, dedlgnSr 1 ; 

sometimes erubesco 3 may be used. 

(See Verg. Echg. vi. 2 ; Ov. Trist. iii. 

1, 14.). 
(6) to despise, q. v. 

(c) to scorn, q. v. 

DISDAIN — subst. = contempt, q. v. 

DISDAINFUL — adj., superhus, fdstl- 
diosus, insdlens, tumem, drrugdns. 

DISEASE — subst., morbus 2 ; Idngndr 
3 m. ; ddWr 3 m. ; sometimes febrls 
3 f. (fever), tabes 3 f. (wasting), lues 
3 f. (plague), hydrops 3 m. (dropsy). 

Phr., contdgla (2 pi.) morbi. 

Ep. wasting, deadly, painful, sudden, 
slow, burning, shivering, acute, in- 
creasing, &c. 

DISEASED — adj., mgSr, segrotus (H.), 
morbosus (Cat.), Idnguens, Idnguldus, 
vlcSrosus. 

Phr., morbo tentdtug, frdctus, labordns, 

&G. 



DISEMBAEK, to — v. act., exporw 3. 

V. neut., egrMidr 3 ; ezgo 4, irr. 

DISENCHANT, to— v. act., solvo 3; 
expediu 4 ; llhPro 1. 

DISENGAGE, to— v. act., expSdlo 4 ; 
libSro 1. 

DISENTANGLE, to— v. act., expSdio 
4 ; UhPru 1 ; explico 1. 

DISENTHEAL, to— v. act., llbSro 1 ; 
solro 3. 

DISFAVOTJE — subst., invidld 1 ; 
SdUun 2 ; frigiis 3 n. (H.). 

DISFIGUEE, to— V. act., turpo 1; 
foedo 1 ; deformo 1 ; maculo 1 ; vltio 1. 

DISGOEGE, to— V. act., v6nvo 3 ; eidmo 
3 ; eructo 1 ; ejicio 3. 

DISGEACE — subst., ded^cus 3 n. ; 
infdmla 1 ; probrum 2 ; opprobrium 2 ; 
lobes 3 f . ; tgnominta 1 ; ndtd 1 ; often 
invidia 1. 

Ep. merited, unmerited, sudden, 
lasting, eternal, &c. 

DISGEACE, to— V. act., ded^cdro 1 ; 
inhSnedo 1 ; infdmo 1. 

DISGEACEFUL — adj.. infdmis, in- 
liSnestiis, fdmosus, probrosus, turpis, in- 
decoriis, tacendus, erubescendus. 

DISGUISE, to — V. act., dissimuJo 1 ; 
celo 1 ; tSgo 3 ; muto 1 ; prsetendo 3 ; 
prEtexo 3. 

DISGUISE — subst. Phr., im^go 
(3 f.) fdlsa, species (5) ficta, m^ntita 
flgura (Ov. Met. v. 326. See also xi. 
241). Often translate by part, or verb, 
e.g. he assumed the disguise of a bull, 
tmirum sunSldvit or dsslmuldvU. 

DISGUST — subst., fastldlum 2; 
txdlum 2 ; 8dium 2 ; contemptus 4. 

Ep. foolish, conspicuous, &c. 

DISGUST, to — v. act., dlspUcgo 2; 
Ixdo 3 ; offeiulo 3. 

Plir., gravis or tntilestus sum. 

DISH — subst., Idnx 3 f. ; patina 1 
(H.) ; catinus 2 (H.) ; paropsis 3 f. 
(Juv., Mart.). Dish for oflferings, pa- 
tella 1. 

Ep. broad, earthenware, golden, &c. 

DISHEAETEN, to— v. act. = to dis- 
courage, q. v. 

DISHEVELLED— adj.,/i7.>J<s,»par«M«, 
pdssiis. effusus, sSlutus, irreligdtus, dlffu- 
sus, turbdtus, inurndtSs, incultus, turbi- 
dus immlssiis. 

Phr. malS dispdsitus. 



DISHONEST 



( 97 ) 



DISPLAY 



DISHONEST — adj., perfldus, infidiis, 
fdlldx, (Mlosug. 

Phr., tniilS fidus. 

DISHONESTY — subst., nequUia 1 ; 
imprdbitds 3 f . ; ddlus 2 ; fraus 3 f . ; fdl- 
lucia 1 ; ferfidld 1 . 

Phr., fld^s (5) Imsa, vXSldta, &c. 

DISHONOUR— subst., dededis 3 n. ; 
infdmXa 1 ; probrum 2 ; opprobrium 2 ; 
idbes 3 f . 

Ep. merited, unmerited, sudden, 
lasting, eternal, &c. 

DISHONOITB, to— V. act. 
(a) to disgrace, dedecdro 1 ; inhdnesto 

1 ; infdmd 1. 
(fe) to despise, q. v. 

DISHONOURABLE— adj., turpts, In- 
JidneMus, infdmis, probrosiis, fdmosus, 
deg^nfr, decdldr, indScorus, indScSr (of 
persons). 

DISHONOTIRABLY— adv., turpUSr. 

Phr., non b^n?, lEsdfide. 

DISINHERIT, to — v. act., exheredo 1 
(Mart.). 

DISINTER, to— V. act., effddlo 3. 

DISJOIN, to — V. act., separo 1 ; divido 
3 ; dl-^iungo 3 ; dissdclo 1 ; divello 3. 

DISK— subst. 

(a) quoit, discus 2. 

Ep. flying, hurled. Spartan (Spdrtd- 
niis). 

(b) of heavenly bodies, orbts 3 m. ; vul- 
tiis 4 ; 08 3 n. ; fades 5 ; caput 3 n. 
Ep. bright, rising, setting, well or ill 

omened, &c. 

DISLIKE— subst. Use Sdium 2 ; t»i- 
vldla 1. 

Ep. just, unjust, excessive, &c. 

DISLIKE, to — V. act., odi, defect; 
dvert'dr 1 ; fdstidto 4. 

DISLODGE, to— V. act., detrudo 3; 
dejicio 3 ; depello 3 ; pello 3 ; rSmolidr 
4 ; excutio 3. 

DISLOYAL — adj., perfldus, infidus, 
inftdelis, rSbeUis. 

Phr., mdlS fidus, &c. 

DISLOYALTY— subst., perfidla, per- 
jurld 2 n. pi. 

Ep. base, secret, open, &c. 

DISMAL— adj. 

(a) lugubrls, ferdlls, msBstGs, tristts, illse- 
tubilis. 

(b) dark (a), q. v. 

DISMANTLE, to— v. act., nudo 1; 
Bpdlio 1. 



DISMAY, to — V. act., to terrify, 
q. V. 

DISMAY — subst., terrdr 3 m. ; pavdr 
3 m. ; tlmdr 3 m. ; formido 3 f. ; mStus 4. 

Ep. sudden, vain, cowardly, in- 
creasing, &c. 

DISMEMBER, to— v. act., dilanlo 1 ; 
dilacSro 1 ; discerpo 3. 

DISMISS, to — V. act., mim 3; di- 
mitto 3. 

DISMISSAL— subst. Translate by 
verb, e.g. give me my dismissal, mittg 
prScdr, JlcSat dlscedSrS, &c. ; a gladia- 
tor asking for dismissal is said, poscSrS 
riidem, to ask for a foil ; sometimes 
used metaphorically. 

DISMOUNT, to— V. neut., descends 3 ; 
desilio 4. 

DISOBEDIENCE- subst. No exact 
equivalent ; sometimes use implStds 
3 f. ; generally translate by verb or 
participle. See below. 

DISOBEDIENT— adj., perhaps tm- 
plus. 

Phr., mail parens. 

DISOBEY, to— V. act. Phr., mSlg 
pdr?o or non pdr?o 2. Generally sub- 
stitute another verb, e.g. I disobey = I 
despise, refuse, or neglect commands. 

DISORDER — subst., turba 1 ; tumul- 
tiis 4. 

Ep. increasing, mad, sudden, &c. 

DISORDERLY— adj., turbidus, tumul- 
tuo^m, mdlgestus. 

DISOWN, to — V. act., dbnuo 3 ; respuo 
3 ; rejicio 3 ; abdico 1 ; sometimes infi- 
ttdrl. 

DISPARAGE, to — ^v. act., detrecto 1 ; 
deffro 8 ; cdrpo 3 ; el^vo 1 (Prop.). 

DISPATCH, to — V. act. iSee Despatch. 

DISPEL, to — ^v. act., dissipo 1 ; dis- 
solvo 3 ; dispergo 3 ; pello 3 ; fugo 1. 

DISPENSE, to— V. act., divido 3 ; 
dispenso 1 ; pdrtiSr 4. 

DISPERSE, to — V. act., dissipo 1; 
discutto 3 ; dispergo 3 ; pello 3 ; fugo 1 ; 
disjTcio 3 ; discerpo 3. 

DISPIRIT, to — V. act. = to discou- 
rage, q. V. 

DISPIRITED — adj., dejectus, trtstls, 
debills. 

DISPLACE, to — V. act. = to dis- 
lodge, q. V. 

DISPLAY, to — V. act., ostendo 3 ; 
monstro 1 ; patffaclo 3; ap^rio 4; rS- 



DISPLAY 



( 98 ) 



DISTANCE 



dudo 3 ; pando 3 ; rStSgo 3 ; detSgo 3 ; 
prodo 3 ; explico 1 ; indlco 1 ; mant/es- 
to\. 

DISPLAY — subst., fastug 4; super- 
hla 1 ; apparatus 4 ; paratus 4 ; ornatUs 
4 ; luxug 4. 

Ep. foolish, excessive, regal, &c. 

DISPLEASE, to — V. act., digpUcio 2 ; 
offendo 3 ; Ixdo 3. 

Phr., gravis, m^estug gum. 

DISPLEASING— adj., gravts, mSles- 
tiig, ingrdtug, InamoRniis, inamabllis. 

Phr., mal^ grdtm, pdrum comls. 

DISPLEASURE— subst. 
(a) offence, offensa 1. 

/6) anger, ira 1 ; dSlSr 3 m. ; hilis 3 f. ; 
ddium 2. 

Ep. heavy, just, unjust, &c. 
(c) disfavour, q. v. [q. v. 

DISPOBT, to — V. neut. = to play. 

DISPOSE, to — ^v. act. 
(a) to arrange, q. v. 
(6) to incline, use dpto 1 ; dccommSdo 1. 

Phr., if you are so disposed, gl feH 
ltd cords vdluntds, or animUs. See Dis- 
posed. 
(c) to dispose of, utdr 3. 

DISPOSED — adj. (towards a thing), 
proniig. 

DISPOSES — subst., datdr, 3 m. 

Ep. ]X)werful, benignant, &c. 

DISPOSITION— subst. 
(a) array, q. v. 
(6) temper of mind, indSleg 3 f. ; ingS- 

nium 2 ; mores 3 m. pi. ; ndtura 1 ; 

anlmug 2 ; mens 3 f. ; pectug 3 n. 

Ep. A. kindly, friendly, gentle, cour- 
teous, manly, &c. B. morose, hostile, 
fierce, rude, haughty, &c. 

DISPOSSESS, to— V. act, dejicXo 3; 
ejlclo 3 ; pello 3 ; depello 3 ; detrudo 3. 

Phr., exiiitur regnig, he is dispossessed 
of his kingdom. 

DISPRAISE, to — V. act. = to blame, 
q. V. 

DISPRAISE — subst. = blame, q. v. 

DISPROVE, to— v. act., rlddrguo 3 ; 
rSfello^; rSfutol. 

DISPUTE, to — ^v. neut. = to contend, 
contendo 3 ; certo 1 ; pugno 1 ; dimlco 
1 ; confligo 3 ; conqrSdidr 3. 

DISPUTE — subst., certdm^n 3 n. ; 
jurgium 2 ; lis 3 f . ; rixa 1 ; pugna 1 ; 
prcelium 2 ; discrimin 3 n. 

Ep. raging, vain, rash, «&c. 



DISQUIET — subst. = anxiety, curS 
1 ; dnxlStds 3 f . ; gollldtudo 3 f . 

Ep. growing, troublesome, needless, 
&c. 

DISQUIET, to — V. act., turbo 1 ; 
lacesso 3 ; vexo 1 ; irrlto 1 ; gollicito 1 . 

DISREGARD, to — v. act. = to despise, 
q. V. 

DISREPUTE — subst. = dishonour, 
q. V. 

DISRESPECT — subst., perhaps im- 
plgtdg 3 f. Translate by verb, e.g. he 
held the gods in disres^ject, dSos con- 
tempsU, &c. 

DISROBE, to — V. act., nudo 1 ; spdUo 
1 ; exuo 3. 

DISSEMBLE, to — v. act., digalmulo 
1 ; celo 1 ; t^go 3 ; occulto 1. 

DISSEMBLER — subst., disstmUldtar 
3 m. ; sometimes fictdr 3 m. 

Ep. deceitful, clever, &c. 

DISSENSION— subst. = discord, q. v. 

DISSENT, to— V. neut. = to differ 
(h), q. V. 

DISSENT — subst. Translate by 
verb. 

DISSEVER, to — V. act., g?co 1 ; sdn- 
do 3 ; separo 1 ; disjungo 3 ; divido 3 ; 
divello 3 ; secerno 3 ; findo 3 ; diffindo 
3 ; dbscindo 3. 

DISSIMILAR — adj., disgimilU, dis- 
pdr, divergUg ; sometimes Iniequdlis, tr»- 
pdr. 

DISSIPATE, to — V. act. = to dis- 
perse, q. V. 

DISSIPATED, DISSOLUTE — adj. 
Use discincfug or (subst.) nSpos 3. 

DISSOLVE, to— V. act. 
(a) to melt, golvo 3 ; disgolvo 3 ; molllo 
4 ; diluo 3. 

(6) to break up, mltto 3; dimitto 3; 
dissolvo 3. [(H.). 

DISSONANT — adj., discors, dbgdnHs 

DISSUADE, to — V. act., dissuddfo 2. 

DISTAPF — subst., cSUg 2; fugug 2 
(lit. spindle). 

Ep. womanly, full, dear to Minerva, 
&c. ; loaded with wool, &c. 

DISTANCE — subst., gpatXum 2; in- 
tervdllum 2 ; discnm?n 3 ; via 1 ; It^r 
3. Often translate by verb, e.g. What 
is the distance between Inachus and 
Codrus? Quantum distat Sb Inacho 
Codrus ? 



DISTANCE 



( 99 ) 



DIVERSE 



DISTANCE, to — V. act. = to outstrip, 
sUfSro 1 ; prsecurro 3 ; prEverto 3. 

DISTANT — adj. = remote, rSmotus, 
distdns, longlnquus, rSpostus, separdtus, 
semotus. 

DISTASTE — subst. = dislike, use 
ddium 2; invidia 1. 

DISTASTEFUL — adj., Ingrdtus, gra- 
vis, mSlestus. 

DISTEND, to — V. act., tendo 3 ; dls- 
tendo 3. See Fill, to. 

DISTICH — subst. = couplet, q. y. 

DISTIL, to — V. neut., stillo 1; de- 
stlllo 1 ; sometimes sudo 1 ; Jlud 3. 

DISTILLED — adj., lacrlmdtus, su- 
ddtus. 

DISTINCT— adj. 
(a) different, q. v. 
(&) bright, q. v. 
(c) adorned, pictiis, dlstlnctug, orndtus. 

DISTINGUISH, to— V. act. 
(a) to distinguish between, discernd 3 ; 

dignosco 3 (H.). 
(h) to honour, q. v. 

DISTINGUISHED — adj., egr?gius, 
eximius, cldriis, nobllis, illustris, inslgnis. 

DISTOBT, to — V. act., tdrquSd 2; 
didorquSo 2. 

DISTRACT, to— V. act. 
(a) diduco 3 ; distraho 3 ; dlvello 3. 

(Cf., too, Ov. B. Am. 443: Sectd 

blpdrtito quum mens diseurrit 

utroquS.) 
(6) = to disturb, q. v. 

DISTRACTED, DISTRAUGHT— adj. 
= mad, q. v. 

DISTRESS — subst., dSlOr 3 m. ; luctiis 
4 ; mcerdr 3 m. ; dngSr 3 m. ; serumna 
1 ; sometimes pcmpertds 3 f. (poverty), 
fgestds 3 f. (want). 

Phr., res (5) infestx, ddversx. 

Ep. grievous, increasing, excessive, 
incurable, present, &c. 

DISTRESS, to — V. act., solllclto 1 ; 
crScto 1 ; vexd 1 ; dngo 3 ; torquSd 2 ; 
exerc?5 2. 

DISTRESSFUL, DISTRESSING — 
adj., gravis, mUSrabills, acerbus, msestiis, 
Idcrlmdbtlis, lacrimosus, mlsSr. 

DISTRIBUTE, to— v. act., divldo 3 ; 
dispenso 1 ; pdrtlSr 4. 

DISTRICT— subst., rgglo 3 f. ; trdctiis 
4. 

Ep. level, mountainous, deserted, 
populous, barren, fertile, &c. 



DISTRUST, to— V. act., diffido 3; 
sometimes suspUcdr 1, tlTngo 2. 

Phr., mMS credo (3), malS fldo (3), 
indublto 1. 

DISTRUST— subst., dlffidentia 1. 

Phr., concussa fides (Luc). 

DISTRUSTFUL — adj., Incr^dUlus 
(H.), susplcdx. 

Phr., malS or non creduliis. 

DISTURB, to— v. act., turbo 1; 
lacesso 3 ; vexd 1 ; trrito 1 ; solllclto 1 ; 
agltd 1 ; mSv£o 2 ; comm^vSo 2 ; quatXo 
3. 

DISTURBANCE— subst., tilmultus 4 ; 
m^tus 4 ; sometimes turba 1 ; cldmdr 
3 m. ; murmur 3 n. ; rlxa 1. 

Ep. wild, stormy, civic, increasing, 
&c. 

DISUNION— subst. See Discord. 

DISUNITE, to— v. act., separd 1 ; 
divldo 3 ; disjungo 3 ; dissdclo 1 ; di- 
vello 3. 

DISUSE — subst., desiiefudo 3 f. 

DISUSE, to — V. act., perhaps dedlsco 
3 (to unlearn), oblivisciSr 3 (to forget). 

DISUSED — adj., desuetus, inter- 
missus. 

DITCH— subst., fossa 1 ; sulcus 2 ; 
sometimes scrSbls 3 m. and f. 

Ep. deep, moist, overgrown with 
shrubs, full of water, &c. 

DITCHER— subst., /oss^^r, 3 m. 

Ep. sturdy, weary, diligent, rustic, 
&c. 

DITHYRAMB— subst., dithprdmbus 2. 
See Hymn. 

Ep. bold, inspired, joyous, &c. 

DITTANY— subst., dictdmnus 2 f. 
(Cf. Verg. J?n. xii. 412.) 

Ep. healthgiving, dear to goats, &c. 

DITTY— subst., nsenla 1. See Song. 

Ep. pastoral, simple, familiar, &c. 

DIURNAL— adj. = daily, q. v. 

DIVE, to — v. neut., perhaps prx- 
clplto 1. 

Phr., me mergo (3), submergo (3), me 
In undds do (1), jaclo (3), me prxdpdo 

DIVER— subst., (the bird) mergus 2. 

Ep. swift, sea, timid, &c. 

DIVER — subst., (the man) scrutator 
pSlagi (Claud.). 

DIVERGE, to — V. neut., discurro 3 ; 
diffluo 3 (Lucret.). 

DIVERSE- adj. = different, q. v. 
u 2 



DIVERT 



( 100 ) 



DOLE 



SIVEBT, to— V. act. 
(a) to turn aside, flecto 3 ; diflectd 3 ; 

dverto 3. 
(6) to amuse, q. v. 

DIVEST, to — V. act., nudd 1 ; spdlio 
1 ; exiio 3. 

DIVIDE, to— V. act. 

(a) to distribute, divldo 3 ; dispemo 1 ; 
pdrtldr 4 ; distribud 3. 

(ft) to disunite, separo 1 ; divldo 3 ; 

disjungo 3 ; dissdcio 1 ; divello 3 ; 

discerno 3; secemo 3; distermtno 1 

(Lucr.). 

DIVIDE, to — V. neut. 
(o) Phr., mefindo (3), &c., and passive 

of verbs above. 
(6) of violent division, dissillo 4; dS- 

higco 3 ; ftjo 1 ; discedo 3 ; patesco 3 ; 

fdtisco 3. 

DIVIDED — adv., dirrdwus. 

DIVIDING— adj., (of the sea) inter- 
fusus, dissdciabills. 

DIVINE — adj., diviniig, ccelestis, 

DIVINE, to — V. act., divino 1^ vatt- 
elnOr 1 ; prxdlco 3 ; augiird 1 ; augurffr 
1 ; prxsaglo 4 (Prop.) ; prsevldSo 2 ; 
prieaentlo 4. 

DIVINELY — adv. = from heaven, 
dlclnltm. 

DrVINEB — subst., vdtes 3 m. ; vdtl- 
cindtdr 3 m. ; augur 3 m. ; hdruspex 
3 m. 

Ep. cautious, far-seeing, inspired, &c. 

DIVINITY — subst., numSn 3 n.; 
pdtegtds 3 f . ; nutus 4 ; sometimes dSus 
2, dims 2. 

Ep. heavenly, powerful, present, &c. 

DIVISION— subst. 
(rt) dlscrlmin 3. 

(b) discord, q. v. 

DIVOBCE — subst., dlvortiS 2 pi. ; 
dlscldlum 2. 

DIVOECE, to — V. act. Use dlmltto 
3 ; mlttd 3. [q. v. 

DIVULGE, to — ^v. act. = to disclose, 

DIZZINESS — subst., vertigo 3 f. 
(Juv.). 

Ep. blind, sudden, &c. 

DIZZY— adj. 
(a) See Dazed, Faint, Trembling. 
(J)) of height, aSrlus, prseceps, prxrup- 

tus. 

DO, to — V. act. and neut., ago 3; 
/ui:i6 3 ; perficio 3 ; pSrago 3 ; efficlo 3 ; 



fingSr 3 ; prEsto 1 ; exsSquOr 3. Very 
often the English " do " is translated 
by a different Latin verb, e.g. he does 
his duty, prEstat officium, fungitSr 
officio. How do you do ? ut rales i 

DOCILE — adj., ddcllls, facllls; some- 
times trdctdbllls, mobllls. 

DOCK — subst., (for ships) navalS 3 n. 

Ep. capacious, safe, &c. 

DOCK, to — V. act., trunco 1 ; curto 1 
(H.). See Cut, to. 

DOCTOR— subst. 

(a) teacher, doctdr 3 m. ; maglstSr 2. 
Ep. learned, kind, stem, just, &c. 

(b) physician, mSdlcus 2 ; m?dens 3 m. 
Ep. skilful, bland, friendly, &c. 
DOCTRINE— subst., dodrlna 1. 
DOCUMENT — subst. Use scrlpta 

2 n. pi. 

DOE — subst., cerva 1 ; dama 1. 
Ep. timid, sylvan, mountain, swift, 
&c. 

DOER — subst., sometimes audOr 

3 m. Usually translate by verb, e.g. 
the doer of the wrong, qui Ueslt, qui 
scelus ddmislt, &c. 

DOFF, to — V. act., exuo 3 ; depono 3 ; 
pono 3 ; rSpono 3. 

DOG — subst., canls 3 ; often_ catulus 
2 ; MSldsgQs 2 ; Lacon 3 m. ; Umbir 2 ; 
Cres 3. 

Phr., go to the dogs, pSrSds mal?, &c. 

Ep. faithful, sagacious, friendly, 
fierce, &c. 

DOG, to — V. act., s?qudr 3 ; Insto 1 ; 
Ins^qudr 3 ; persSqudr 3 ; urgSo 2 ; prS- 
mo 3. 

DOG-DAYS— subst. Phr., fldgrdntls 
hora CdnlculE ; sometimes Cdnls 3, 
CanlcBia 1, Slrliis 2. 

DOGE — subst., dux 3 m. ; perhaps 
consul 3 m. ; mSgistrdtus 4. 

DOGGED— adj., Imprdbus, IndScllls, 
pervicdx, obstlndtus, pertindx, t^ndx. 

DOGrGEREL — subst., perhaps nugse 1 
(H.) ; Ineptix (Cat., Mart.). 

DOG-ROSE— subst., rvbus 2. 

DOG-STAI^-subst., Cdnls 3; Cdnl- 
cula 1 ; Slrliis 2. 

Ep. burning, mad, deadly, &c. 

DOIT — subst. = a small coin, stlps 3. 

DOLE— subst. 
(a) alms, use sportuld 1 (Juv.). 
, (b) grief, q. v. 



DOLE 



( 101 ) 



DOUBT 



DOLE, to — V. act. = to distribute, 
q. V. _ _ » 

DOLEFUL — adj., tristis, mxstus, lugu- 
brls, dnxius, sollicitus, flebllis, luctlsOnus. 

DOLL — subst., pupa 1 (no authority 
except one passage in Persius). 

Ep. waxen, beloved, &c. 

DOLOROXIS— adj. = doleful, q. v. 

DOLOTTE— subst. = grief, q. v. 

DOLPHIN— subst., delphin 3 m. ; del- 
pliinus 2 (Hor. A. P.). 

Ep. sea, curved, scaly, sportive, 
wandering, &c. 

DOMAIN— subst. 
(«) estate, prsedlum 2 (H.) ; fundus 2 ; 

dgSr 2 ; jugSra 3 n. pi. 

Ep. wide, ancestral, fertile, &c. 
(2) empire, impMum 2; regnum 2; 

ditto 3 f . ; pdtestds 3 f . 

Ep. royal, proud, unbounded, &c. 

DOME — subst., tMlus 2 ; fornix 3 f. ; 
testudo 3 f.; camera 1 (Prop.). 

Ep. loftv, vaulted, sacred, &c. 

DOMESTIC— adj. 

(a) belonging to the house, d6mestXcus, 
privdtus = opposite to "foreign," 
civllls, ddmesticus. 

(b) tame, ddmltus, ddcills, mdnsuetus. 
DOMINATE, to — v. act. = to rule, 

q. V. 

DOMINEER, to — v. neut., ddmindr 1 ; 
impSnto 1 ; superUo 4. 

DOMINION — subst., impSrium 2 ; 
regnum 2 ; dltlo 3 f . ; pdtestds 3 f . 

Ep. wide, royal, unbounded, proud, 
&c. 

DON, to — V. act., induo 3 ; indued 3 ; 
sHrnd 3 ; capio 3 ; drcumdo 1 ; dpto 1 ; 
dccommOdo 1. 

DONKEY — subst. = ass, Mnus 2; 
asellus 2. 

Ep. stubborn, patient, &c. 

DONOR— subst., datdr 3 m. 

DOOM, to— V. act. = to condemn, 
ddmno 1 ; condemno 1. 

Phr., trddo (3) or oppono (3) mort^. 

DOOM — subst., fdtum 2 ; sors 3 f. ; 
pcena 1 ; suppllcium 2. 

Ep. stern, just, unjust, sudden, &c. 

DOOR — auhst., jdniia 1 ; fSres 3J. pi. ; 
limffn 3 n. ; pastes 3 m. pi. ; vdlvm 1 pi. 
(not the house-door) ; ostium 2. Some- 
times porta 1 ; adUus 4 ; ingressus 4 ; 
vestlbulum 2. 



Phr., btfdres vdlvx (2 pi.), bXpatens 
porta (1). 

Ep. open, shut, barred, familiar, 
gilded, lofty, &c. 

DOORKEEPER — suhst.JdnltSr 3 m. ; 
custos 3 m. 

Ep. faithful, stem, awful, &c. 

DOORPOST — subst., postis, 3 m. 

Ep. solid, immovable, proud, &c. 

DOORSILL — subst., limSn 3 n. 

DOORWAY — subst., porta 1 ; vestibu- 
lum 2 ; ostium 2. 

DORMANT— adj. = sleeping, sopitus, 
sdpordtus, dor miens. 

DORMOUSE — subst., glis 3 m. 
(Mart.). 

Ep. sleepy, &c. 

DOSE — subst., haustiis 4 ; sUcciis 2. 

Ep. unpleasant, excessive, bitter, &c. 

DOT — suhat, pUnctum 2 (Mart.). 

DOTAGE — subst., sSnium 2 ; sgnectus 
3 f. ; sSnecta 1. 

Ep. imbecile, morose, sad, &c. 

DOTARD — subst., sSnex 3 m. 

DOTE, to — V. neut. 

(a) to be in dotage, sSnesco 3; consS- 
nesco 3. [to. 

(b) to dote upon, adamo 1. See Love, 
DOTING- — part., amdns, amdtdr, cupi- 

dUs, drdens ; of a husband, ux^rius. 

DOUBLE — adj., gSmlnUs, duplex, dn- 
ceps. 

DOUBLE — adv., bis ; sometimes itS- 
rum. 

DOUBLE, to — v. act. 

(a) duplico 1 ; gSmXno 1 ; ingSmino 1 ; 
congemino 1 ; iti'ro 1. 

(b) to double a cape, supSro 1 ; perhaps 
flecto 3. 

Phr., mef as lustrdrSPachyni, to double 
Cape Pachynum. 

V. neut., (of a horse), perhaps 

phr., gyros ago (3) rSf^rd (irr.). 

DOUBLE-EDGED — adj., dnceps. 

DOUBLE-MINDED — adj., mutdbilis. 

DOUBLE-TONGUED— trKrigwrs. 

DOUBLET — subst., tunica 1. See 
Dress. 

Ep. woollen, woven, red, white, &c. 

DOUBLY — adv., bis. _ 

DOUBT, to — V. neut., dubito 1 ; hasrSo 
2 ; flUctuo 1 ; flulto 1 (H.) ; pendeo 2. 

DOUBT, to — V. act. = to distrust, dif- 
fido 3 ; sometimes susplcSr 1 ; tlmPo 2. 

Phr., nwlS credo (3) maUfidd (3). 



DOUBT 



( 102 ) 



DRAW 



DOUBT — subst., sometimes diffidentia 
1 (= distrust); unzietds 3 f. ( = 
anxiety). Usually translate by phrases 
with verb or adj., e.g. doubt is wrong, 
duhltdrS vMfds ; it is in doubt. In 
dublo or In arnbiguo or in incerto est, 
or dmbigitur. 

DOUBTFUL— adj. 

(a) dubius, incertus, dnceps, dmbJguiig, 
dubltabllls, dlterndns, prScdrlus. 

(b) hazaidons, pSriculdsus, drduus, diffl- 
cllls, gravis. 

DOUGH — subst., /arina (Mart.). 

Ep. moist, white, &c. 

DOUGHTINESS — subst. = bravery, 
q. V. 

DOVE — subst., cidumbd 1 ; palunibes 
3 m. and f. ; turtur 3 m. 

Phr., Chddnls dm (3 f.). 

Ep. shy, timid, sylvan, tuneful, 
peaceful, friendly, &c. 

DOWER— subst., dos. 3. 

Phr., given as a dower, dotdlis, adj. ; 
e.g. dower gifts, dotdlld munSra (3 pi.). 

Ep. large, excessive, i&c. 

DOWER, to— V. act., dotd 1. 

DOWERED— adj. 
(«) dotdtus. 
(6) endowed with, prxdltus (Lucret.), 

ditdtiis, orndtus, auctus, prEstdns, 

pollens. 

DOWERLESS— adj., indotatUs. 

Phr., sing dotg. 

DOWN— subst. 
(a) soft plumage, pluma 1. 

Ep. soft, growing, tender, &c. 
(6) applied to youths, Idnugo 3 f. ; 

pluma 1 (Hor. Od. iv. 10, 2). 

Ep. first, yellow, new, &c. 

(c) hill, collls 3 m. ; clivus 2. 
Ep. grassy, sloping, &c. 

DOWN — prep., de, ex (down from), 
p8r (down along); of a river, down 
stream, pgr, or by phrase, dmnisgcundo, 
&c. ; siib (down under). 

DOWN — adv. Bender by de com- 
pounded with the verb, e.g. dejiclo 3, 
I throw down ; decldo 3, I fall down ; 
despiclo 3, I look down ; debello 1, I 
war down ; decurro 3, I run down. 

Phr., to kick a man when he is 
down, cdlcdrg jacentem (Ov.). 

DOWNCAST — adj., dejedUs, demis- 
siis. See Sad. 



DOWNFALL — subst., ruina 1 ; dddes 
3 f . ; excldlum 2 ; exitlum 2 ; cdsiis 4. 

Ep. headlong, sudden, just, unjust, 
&c. 

DOWNHEARTED— adj. = downcast, 
q. v. 

DOWNHILL — adj., declivls, pronUs. 

DOWNRIGHT— adj. 
(a) plain-spoken, simplex, lihSr, verdx. 
(6) unmixed (e.g. a downright lie), 

ingr&s. 

DOWNTRODDEN— adj., Mmilts, ja- 
cens, depressus, strdtus. 

DOWNWARD— adv. See Down. 

DOWNWARD— adj., declivls, pronus, 
prseceps. 

DOWNY — adj ., plum^us ; often = soft, 
q. V. 

DOWRY— subst., dos 3 f. 

Phr., given as a dowry, dotdlis, adj. ; 
e.g. dowry gifts, dotdlla mungrd (3 pi.). 

Ep. large, sturdy, excessive, &c. 

DOZE — subst. See Sleep. 

DOZE, to — V. neut., dormito 1 (H.). 
See Sleep, to. 

DRAB — adj., perhaps fuscus. 

DRAG, to — V. act., traho 3 ; trdcto 1 
(very rare in this sense) ; protraho 3 
(to drag forward) ; dbstraho 3 (to drag 
away). Sometimes rapid 3 ; dbrlplo 3. 

DRAG-NET— subst., funda 1. 

DRAGON — subst., draco 3 m. ; ser- 
pens 3 m.; dnguls 3 m.; cdlubgr 2. 

Ep. fierce, scaly, fire-breathing, 
watchful, &c. 

DRAGON-BORN— adj., dracanlggna. 

DRAGON-FOOTED— adj^8erpt'nfrpe«. 

DRAIN, to — V. act., hauvTo 4; ex- 
sicco 1 ; exhaurlo 4 ; sicco 1. 

DRAIN— subst., cmca 1 (H.), (Juv.). 

Ep. foul, hidden, dry, &c. 

DRAINED — adj., (of a cask, flask, 
&c.) potus. 

DRAPE, to — V. act. = to clothe, q. v. 

DRAUGHT — subst., haustus 4 (cf., 
too, Ov. Trist. iii. x. 24, hausta m^ri) ; 
amystis 3, a deep draught (see Hor. 
Od. i. 36, 14). 

Ep. eager, poisoned, healthful, &c. 

DRAUGHTS — subst. Use latruncii- 
lils 2 ; latro {see Ov. A. A. ii. 207 ; iii. 
367, & foil.). 

DRAW, to — v. act. 
(o) traho 3 ; trdcto 1 (very rare in this 

sense) ; protraho 3 (to draw forward) ; 



DRAWBRIDGE 



( 103 ) 



DBESS 



abBtraho 3 (to draw away). Some- 
times duco 3. 

(6) to attract, q. v. 

(c) to sketch, describo 3. See Depict, 

TO. 

(rf) to draw oflf (of liquids), depromo 3. 

See Drain, to. 
(e) to draw up (of troops), ingtruo 3 ; 

dispono 3; ordino 1. 
(/) to draw a sword, ^tringoi; nudo 

1 : destringo 3 ; duco 3 ; educo 3. 
(g) to draw back, draw a curtain, rS- 

duco 3. 

V. neut. 

(a) to draw back, rScedo 3 ; rgfuglo 3 ; 
cedo 3. 

(b) to draw on or near = to approach, 
q. V. 

DEAWBRIDGE— subst. Use bridge, 
pons 3 m. 

DBAWN — adj., (of a sword) nudus, 
strictm, dedrlctus, exsertm ; (of breath) 
phr., deep-drawn breath, latSrS petltus 
imo spiritus 4 (Hor. Epod. 11. 10). 

DRAWWELL— subst., piims 2. 

DRAY — subst. = waggon, q. v. 

DRAYMAN — subst., bubulcus 2. 

DREAD — subst., terrdr 3 m. ; ttmdr 
3 m. ; 7nfftus 4 ; horrdr 3 m.; formido 
3 f. ; pavSr 3 m. 

Ep. sudden, vain, increasing, cow- 
ardly, excessive, &c. 

DREAD— adj. 
(ft) in bad sense, dirug, Jwrrendus, 

mStuendus, formidabills, formiddndiis, 

mXnax, formiddloms, ssevus. 
(b) in good sense, sanctus, augustiis, 

vSrendus, vSiiSrdndus, sacSr, vSnSrd- 

bllis, gravis. 

DREAD, to — V. act., tlTnlo 2 ; mStuo 
3 ; vSrSOr 2 ; pdvSo 2 ; formido 1 ; re- 
formldo 1 ; expavesco 3 ; horrid 2 ; hor- 
resco 3; exhorresco 3; pSrhorresco 3; 
extimesco 3 ; trSma 3 ; contrSmi&co 3. 

DREADFUL — adj., dlrus, horrendus, 
mStuendus, horribllis, formiddbUls, for- 
mlddndus, gravis, mindx, ssiixus, dspSr, 
afrox, Infestus, fdrmiddlosus, trux. 

DREAM — ubst., somnXum 2; In- 
somnia 2 p 1; often visum 2, visus 4 
(vision), slmUldcrum 2 (phantom). 
Imago 3 f. (ghost), effigies 5 (shape), 
&c. 

Ep. nocturnal, dread, pleasant, vain, 
true, &c. 



DREAM, to — V. neut. 
(a) Translate by a different verb 

with the substantives given above, 

e.g. cerno 3 (I see), timeo 2 (I fear) ; 

or say dreams visit, frighten, console, 

beguile, &c., me or my senses. 
(6) to dream of = to think of, q. v. 

DREAMER— subst. No exact equi- 
valent. Use phr., e.g. quern somnld 
vexdnt (he whom dreams trouble), qui 
slmuldcra vldgt (he who sees phan- 
toms), &c. Sometimes dreamer = idle 
thinlier, perhaps desidlosus, Iners. 

DREAMLAND — subst., perhaps 
I3cus (2) or aula (1) or sides (3), umbra- 
rum (the place of shades). (See also 
Verg. JSn. vi. 283, 894-899; Hor. 
Od. iii. 27, 40.) 

DREAMLESS— adj. Phr., a dream- 
less sleep, perhaps sdpdr 3 m. (Cf. 
Verg. JEn. vi. 522 : diilcls St alta qules 
placldsequS simiUima morti.) 

DREAMY — adj., perhaps giipinus, 
vdnus, iners, taclturnus. 

DREAR, DREARY— adj. = dismal, 
q. v., lugubrls, ferdlls, tristls, msestus. 

DREGS— subst., /^x 3 f. 

Ep. thick, lowest, &c. 

DRENCH, to— V. act., proluo 3; 
rlgo 1 ; perfundo 3 ; tingo 3 ; humecto 
1 ; madfffadlo 3; inundo 1. 

DRESS, to — V. act. 
(a) vestlo 4 ; veld 1 ; t^go 3 ; induo 3 ; 

indued 3 ; cingo 3 ; circumdo 1 ; 

d^c&rd 1 ; orno 1 ; exdrnd 1. Some- 
times /injro (Ov. R. Am. 341) ; of the 

hair, fingo 3 ; cdmd 3 ; dispono 3. 
(6) a wound, fdvffo 2 ; curd 1 ; mSdSSr 2. 
(c) = to cook, q. V. 

DRESS — subst., vestls 3 f. ; amictUs 4 
legman 3 n. ; tSgumSn 3 n. ; vestitus 4 
veldmSn 3 n. ; vestimentum 2 (H.) 
vestimenta 2 n pi. (H.) ; habitus 4 
drndtus 4 ; cuitus 4. Often translate 
by particular parts of dress, e.g. chldmps 
3 f . (mantle) ; tunica 1 (doublet) ; 
pallium 2 (robe); laena 1, lacerna 1 
(mantle) ; tdga 1 (gown, of men only) ; 
pdlla 1 (shawl) ; instlta 1 (gown) ; stdld 
1 (gown) ; pdnni 2 pi. (rags). For 
ladies' dresses of various kinds, see 
Ov. A. A. ii. 297-301 ; iii. 169-192. 

Ep. A. neat, becoming, clean, splen- 
did, royal, new, &c. B. 
squalid, mean, old, &c. 



DRESSER 



( 104 ) 



DROP 



DEESSEE— subst., /rondaWr 3,- (of 
vines) vlnltOr 3. 

DEIFT— subst. 
(a) impulse, impetus 4 ; ms 3 f . ; vid- 

lentia 1 ; motus 4. 
(6) snow-drift, use aggSr 3 m. ; acerviis 

2 ; cumulus 2. 

Phr., ntx (3) cumUldta, cddctS, ciSacer- 
vdta, aggesta, &c. 

DEIiiT, to— V. neut. 

(a) to accumulate, cumuWr 1 ; cogr^r 3 ; 
cdacervSr 1 ; accumuldr 1 ; cresco 3 ; 
tncresco 3. 

(b) of a sbip, /^rtJr, irr. ; agSr 3 ; me 
ventis do 1. 

DEILL, to— V. act. 
(a) to bore, tSrebro 1 ; perfSro 1. 
(6) of soldiers, exercgo 2 ; instUud 3 ; 
eriidid 4. 

DEINE, to— V. act._ 
(a) 6?6o 3 ; poto 1 ; haurio 4 ; exhaurto 

4 ; exslcco 1 ; sicco 1 ; dwco 3 ; frd/io 

3 ; eblbo 3 ; combibo 3. 
(6) to drink in, sorhSo 2 ; exsorhSo 2 ; 

hmirid 4 ; ex^owrlo 4 ; 6r6o 3 ; traho 

3. 

(c) to drink to the health of, propino 1 
(Mart., Juv.)- 

DEINK— subst. _ 

(a) the act of drinking, haustus 4 ; 

potus 4. 
(6) liquor drunk, Zigi<^ 3 m. Gene- 
rally use a different word, e.g. cups, 

wine, water, milk, &c. 

DEINK-OFFEEING— subst., llbam^n 
3. See Libation. 

Ep. pious, customary, &c. 

DEINKABLE— adj. Use hihendus, 
potdndus, &c. 

DEINKEE— subst., potdr 3 m. 

Ep. thirsty, eager, &c. 

DEIP, to — V. neut., stillo 1 ; destillo 
1 ; m^rw 1 ; roro 1 ; fluo 3 ; pluo 3 
(Mart.). 

V. act., sudo 1 ; stillo 1 ; fundo 

3 ; lacrlmo 1. 

DEIPPING— adj. 
(a) wet, q.v. 
(6) distilled, lacrtmatQs, suddtus, stlUdns. 

DEIVE, to— V. act. 
(a) to force along, ago 3 ; agito 1 ; cogo 

3 ; pello 3 ; impello 3 ; compello 3 ; 

urgSo 2 ; adurgSo 2 ; subigo 3 ; adigo 

3; exstrwiMW 1= to impel. I 



(6) of horses, agro 3 ; agito 1 ; wrgr^o 2 ; 
r^go 3 ; mOdErdr 1 ; _/Zec<o 3. 

(c) to drive away, pello 3 ; expello 3 ; 
/«5fo 1 ; depelld 3 ; abXgo 3 ; cyYcto 3 ; 
drclo 2 ; excludo 3. 

(d) of weapons. -See Thrust, to. 
DEIVEL, to — V. neut. = to dote (a), 

q.v. 

DEIVELLEE — subst. = dotard, 
sSnex 3 m. 

DEIVEN — adj., (of snow) see Dkift. 

DEIVEN AWAY— adj., abdctus. 

DEIVEN HOME— adj., (of a blow) 
addctus. 

DEIVEE — subst., auriga 1 ; agUdtSr 
3 m.; mMSrdtdrSm. ; rectdr 3'm. ; cur- 
sdr 3 m. ; dctdr 3 m. (of cattle). 

Phr., qui flectlt habends, qui lord 
tgnfft, &c. 

Ep. skilful, rash, &c. 

SEIZZLE, to— V. neut. See Drip, to. 

SEIZZLE — subst., perhaps ros 3 m. ; 
imhffr 3 m. 

Phr., roscidus imbSr (3 m.). 

Ep. persistent, troublesome, &c. 

DEOLL — adj. jScdsUs, iSpldus (H.), 
drgutus (H.), ridiculus (H.). 

DEOLLEET — subst., jdciis 2 ; ristis 4 ; 
sales 3 f. pi. (H., Mart.) 

Ep. festive, witty, &c. 

DEONE— subst., /mcms 2. 

Ep. idle, useless, unoccupied (ii»- 
munls). 

DEONE, to — V. act., musso 1 ; some- 
times decdnto 1 (see Hor. Od. i. 33, 3). 

DEONINGLY— -adv. trdcHm ; (Verg. 
Georg. iv. 260). 

DEOOF, to — ^v. neut. = to languish, 
IdnguSo 2 ; Idnguesco 3 ; deflclo 3 ; mMr- 
cSo 2 ; rSldnguSo 2 : succldo 3. 

DEOF, to — V. act. 

(a) to shed in drops, sftZio 1. iSee Pour, 

TO. 

(b) to drop anchor, jaclo 3 ; dejlcio 3. 

(c) to let go, rSmittd 3 ; Smitto 3. 

(d) to spangle, q. v. (Milton, Para- 
dise Lost, vii. 406). 

(e) to drop (after labour). Phr. con- 
nixa rSlinquo (Verg. Ed. i. 15). 
V. neut. 

(a) to drip, q. v. 
(6) to fall, q. V. 
(c) to die, q. v. 
DEOF — subst., guttd 1. 



DROPSY 



( 105 ) 



DUCTILE 



DEOPSY— subet., hydrops 3 m. (See 
Ov. Fast. i. 215 ; Hor. Od. ii. 2, 13.) 

Ep. watery, deadly, &c. 

DBOSS — subst., perhaps spumd 1 ; 
vUlum 2 (Ov. Fast. iv. 785 ; Met.) ; 
fEx 3. 

DKOUGHT— subst., sitls 3 f . ; drddr 
3 m. ; xstiis 4. Use phr., e.g. siccus 
cdldr (3 m.), Sirius 2 (the dog-star), 
tempdra (3 pi.) sicca, &c. 

Ep. dry, parching, fiery, &c. 

DBOYE — subst., grex 3 m. : drmen- 
tum 2 ; p?cus (8ris) 3 n. ; pScus (udls) 
3 f. ; turhd 1 ; cater va 1. 

DEOVEE— subst., huhulcus 2 ; pmtSr 
3 m. ; drmentdrius 2; upilio 3 m. (of 
sheep). 

Ep. rustic, diligent, &c. 

DEOWN, to— V. act. 
(a) mergo 3; submergo 3 : obruo 3 : op- 

primo 3; demergo 3; immergo 3; 

per do 3. 
(6) to inundate, fni27u2d 1 ; ofcrfio 3 ; 

proluo 3. 

(c) to overpower, e.g. to drown a voice, 
tJincd 3 ; supSro 1 ; ohmurmuro 1. 

(d) to drown care, &c. in wine, cf. Ov. 
.4. A. i. 238, cum /wgrrt mvltd dilui- 
turque mSro. 

V. neut., sido 3 (Prop.) and 

passive voice of verbs under v. act 
(a). 

DEOWNING— subst. Translate by 
verb or participle, e.g., Icarus mersus, 
the drowning of Icarus. 

DEOWSY HEAD, DEOWSINESS— 
subst., stupdr 3 m. ; torpdr 3 m. ; 
Idngudr 3 m. ; vSternus 2 ; sometimes 
inertia 1. 

Ep. sleep-giving, languid, sluggish, 
&c. 

DEOWSY — adj. sdpor&s, sSporifSr, 
somnlfSr (these two properly mean 
causing drowsiness) often Iners, p'lgSr, 
somniculosus (Mart.). 

DETJDGE, to — V. neut. 

Phr., servilg munus (3 n.), exsSqudr 
(3), pSrago (3) ; servi pdrtes (3 pi.), ago 
(3), servilia patidr (3). 

DEUDGE— subst. = slave, q. v. 

DETJDGEEY — subst., sermlls labdr 
(3 m.), servile mUnus (3 n.), &c. 

DETTG^subst., m^dicina 1 ; niSdica- 
mSn 3 n. ; succus 2 ; herbal 1 pi. ; 



pdcUlum 2 (lit. cup). In bad sense, 
vSnenum 2 ; toxlcum 2. 

Ep. A. healing, useful, powerful, &c. 
B. poisonous, deadly, &c. 

DEUID — subst., Druidse 1 pi. (Lucan). 
Use sacerdos 3 m. ; vdtes 3 m., &c. 

Ep. sacred, aged, venerable, &c. 

DETJU — subst., tympanum 2. 

Phr., taurgd terga (n. pi.), the ox 
hide. 

Ep. loud, hollow, warlike, &c. 

DEXTM, to — V. neut. = to beat the 
dnun, tympana pulso 1, fir id 4, tundo 3, 
&c. 

DEUNE — adj., ebriUs, uvidus. 

Phr., Bdccho, mSro plenUs, madens, 
&c., m&M sobriUs, nlmius m^ro, tino 
gravis, ddmltus, &c. 

DEUNKENNESS — subst.. eiyrietdt 
3f. 

Ep. mad, excessive, &c. 

DEY— adj. 

(a) siccus, dridus, drens, siccdtus, sifi- 
culosus. 

(b) thirsty, sitiens, blbulus. 
DEY, to — V. act. 

(a) sicco 1 ; exsicco 1. 

(6) to scorch, torrid 2; cdqu^ 3; ex- 

cdquo 3. See Parch, to. 

V. neut., dresco 3; dr^o 2; 

sitio 4. 

DEYAD — subst., Dryas 3 f. ; Napsea 
1. 

Phr., d?a (1) or nympha (1) silves- 
trls, silvicdla, &c. 

Ep. agile, joyous, kind, woodland, 
&c. 

DEYSHOD — adj. Phr., sleds 'pSdl- 
bus. Ovid has sicca pgrerrat aquas, 
she traverses the sea dryshod. 

DTJB, to — ^v. act. Use crSo 1; vdco 
1 ; faclo 3, irr. 

Phr., jublo (2) essS. 

DUBIOUS— adj = doubtful, q. v. 

DUCAL — adj. Use regdlis; perhaps 
superbus, gSnerosus. 

DUCAT — subst. Use nwrnmus 2 (H.); 
perhaps Phillppus (Hor. Epis. ii. 2, 
234). 

DUCK — subst., anas 3 m. and f. 
(Mart.). 

Ep. marshy, river, &c. 

DUCKPOND — subst., vUlutabrum 2. 

DUCTILE — adj., Untus, ducttlis 
(Mart.). 



DUE 



( 106 ) 



DYE 



Sirs— adj. 

(o) owed, d3)itSs ; sometimes pdctus 

(cf. Ov. Her. ii. 4). 

Phr., non Indebltus. 
(b) appropriate, debUGs, mSfltus, justUa, 
dignHs. 

DUE— subst. 

(a) debt, debltum (no authority). 
Phr., picunlS (1) debltd. 

(b) in general sense. Phr., to give 
each his due, suum cuiqUe reddkrS ; 
to pay the dead their dues, justa 
solvirS, darS mortUls. 

DUEL — subst. See Contest. 

DUG — subst., mammd 1 ; papilla 1 ; 
iiber 3 n. 

DUKE— subst. Use dux 3 m. 

DULCET— adj. = sweet (usually of 
sounds). See Sweet. 

DULCIMEE — subst., sdinbuca (1) 
(Persius). 

DULL— adj. 
(o) blunt, hShSs, obtuius, rStmiis. 

(b) dim (of colour) Mbis, obscurus, 
nubllus. 

(c) of sound, grdvis, cxcus (Verg. J?n. 
xii. 591). 

(d) of the mind, tardus, MbSs, segnls, 
Iners, sUHidus, pinguis. 

Phr., the dull earth, bruta tellua (3). 

DULL, to— V. act. 
(a) to blunt, Mb^to 1 ; rStundo 3 ; ob- 

tundo 3. 
Qa) to dim, Mbeto 1 ; Spaco 1 ; obscuro 

1 ; fused 1. 

DULNESS — subst., perhaps txdlS 
2 pi. 

DULY — adv., rit^, recti, de mmS. 

DUMB — adj., mutus, infans (H.) 

Phr., vocg caring, &c. 

DUN — adj., perhaps furvus, fUsciis, 
ferruginous, gilvus (used by Verg. of a 
horse). 

DUNG — subst., /rmJZg 2 ; mirdal. 

DUNGEON — subst., carcir 3 m. 
Often use vincula (chains). 

Ep. dark, iron, damp, barred, &c. 

DUPE — subst., perhaps credulUs, 
malS credulus. 

DUPE, to — V. act. = to cheat, q. v. 

DURABLE — adj., durabllis, dlu- 
turniis. stabilis, firmus, mamurus. 

DUBANCE, DUEESS— subst., cus- 
todla 1 ; generally use career 3 m. or 
vincula 2 n. pi. 



DURING— prep., pifr. 

DUSK — subst., cripmcula 2 pi. Use 
also vespSr 3 m. : tinebrse 1. 

Ep. dewy, late, first, &c. 

DUSKY- adj. See Dark (a), (6), 
and (d). 

DUST— subst. 
(o) pulvls 3 m. 

Phr., pulvSrSus turbo (3), pulvSrlS 
nubes (3), &c. 

(b) Phr., to bite the dust, hUmum mor- 
derff. 

Ep. dry, thirsty, rising, &c. 

DUSTY — 6wij., pulvirfus, pidvSru- 
lentus, sometimes siccus, arenosus, 
aridSs, bibfdus, sltlens. 

DUTEOUS, DUTIFUL— adj., pIOs, 
officiosus, amdns. 

DUTY— subst. 
(a) offlcium 2 ; muniis 3 n. ; mlnis- 

tSrlum 2 ; partis 3 f. pi. ; vices 3 

f.pl. 

Ep. easy, hard, pious, pleasing, un- 
pleasing, &c. 
(6) = duteousness, obsSquXum 2 ; rSvS- 

rinila 1. 

(c) on duty (of a soldier), milSs (3 m.) 
In station^, milSs qui excubids aglt. 
DWAEF — subst., nanus 2 (Prop.); 

pUmilio 3 m. (Mart.). 

Ep. tiny, &c. 

DWARF — adj., pygrnxus. 

DWELL, to— V. neut., habXtd 1 ; 
mdnSo 2 ; mSrOr I ; rSmdn^o 2. Gene- 
rally use transitive verb, e.g. cdlo 3 ; 
incdlo 3 ; t€nio 2 ; friquento 1 ; clV^ro 
1. 

Phr., to dwell near, acedlo 3. 

DWELLER — subst., inc((la 1 m. and 
f. ; MhUdtdr 3 m. (Mart.) ; cultUr 3 m. 

DWELLING— subst., ddmus 2 and 
4 f. ; sedss 3 f . ; sedis 3 f. pi. ; tectum 
2 ; lim^n 3 n. ; Penates 3 m. pi. (house- 
hold gods) ; Laris 3 m. pi. (household 
gods) ; pengtralla 3 pi. (lit. recesses of 
house) ; fScus 2 (hearth). 

Ep. familiar, beloved, ancient, 
paternal, humble, proud, &c. 

DWINDLE, to — v. neut., tabigco 3; 
tSbSo 2; mdcSrSr 1 (to grow lean); 
mdcresco 3 (H). 

Phr., mindr usquS fio, irr. 

DYE, to — V. act., tingo 3 ; inflcio 3 ; 
filed 1 ; medico 1 ; cdloro 1 ; piTigo 3 ; 
imbUd 3; decHdrd 1. 



DYE 



( 107 ) 



EARTHENWARE 



DYE — subst., fucus 2 ; vSninum 2 ; 
mSdlcdmSn 3 n. The dye most fre- 
quently mentioned is Tyrian purple or 
scarlet : ostrum 2 ; murex 3 m. ; pur- 
pura 1. 

Ep. red, purple, &c. 

DYED — adj. Phr., twice dyed, 
ItSrdtus, his tinctus. 

DYING— subst. 
(rt) death, q. v. 
(b) dying day. Phr., supremS or 

mmma dies (5). 

DYKE— subst. See Dike. 

DYNASTY— subst., d^fmiis 2 and 4 f. ; 
ginus 3 n. ; sanguis 3 m. ; stirps 3 f. 

Ep. royal, proud, &c. 



EACH — pron., qulsqul, often omnts. 
Each day, quotqu^t Sunt dies ; each 
year, qudtdnnls ; each of two, uterquS. 

EAGER — adj., avldus, cupldus, dcSr, 
strenuus, studlosUs (with gen.), alacgr, 
alacris, promptus, impigSr, agllis, gnd- 
vm, drrectus, erectus. 

EAGERLY — adv., dcrltSr, viiUhitSr, 
multum, avide, cuplde (H.), studiose, 
studiosius (comp.), impensius (comp.). 

EAGERNESS— subst., cupido 3 f.; 
stadium 2 ; strenuitds 3 f. 

EAGLE — subst., aqulla 1. 

Phr., Jdvls drmigSr dl^s (3 m.), rex 
(3 m.) avium, fulminis minister (2) 
al^s 3 &c. 

Ep. fierce, swooping, swift, royal, 
&c. 

EAGLE-EYED— adj., dc^r. 

EAGLET— subst. Use pullus 2 : nidi 
2 pi. 

EAR— 8ubst._ 
(a) aurls 3 f. ; auricula 1 (H.). 

Phr., to give ear = to hear, q. v. 

Ep. attentive, open, &c. 
(6) of com, arista 1 ; spica 1. 

Ep. yellow, golden, rich, dear to 
Ceres (C^redlls). 

EARLY— adj. 
(a) mdturus, mdiutinus (early in the 

morning), verniis (early in the year), 

primus, ndvus. 
(h) premature, acerbus, immdturus 

(Prop.), pnematHrus (Juy.) of death, 



prSpSrdtus, immitls ; of flowers, /esft- 

ndtus (Mart. xiii. 127, 1). 

EARLY — adv., mdture, man^ (in* the 
morning), vere (in spring). s: ^ , 

EARN, to — V. act., m^rSo 2 ; rnSrS&r 
2 ; emSrlo 2 ; commSrSo 2 ; promSrSo 2.; 
paro 1 ; comparo 1 ; quxro 3 ; parlo 3. 

EARNED— adj. 
(a) well-earned, mSrltus, Justus, debitus, 

dignus. 

Phr., n&n immSrltUs, non injUstus, 
non indebltus. 
(6) ill-earned, imm^ritus, indignUs, in- 

justUs, indebltus. 

Phr., non or wMS m^rttUs, debitus, 
dignus, &c. 

EARNEST— subst. = pledge, pignUe 
3n. 

Ep. sure, &c. 

EARNEST— adj. 
(a) eager, q. v. 
(6) serious, gravis, serlus. 

EARNESTLY— adv. See Eagerly. 

EARNESTNESS— subst. = eagerness, 
q. V. 

EARRING— subst., Xriaurls 3 f. (but 
no good authority). Ovid speaks of 
lapldes, bdccse, lapilli, which hang {pen- 
did} from the ear, or with which the 
ear is burdened (ffnirdtur). Cf.,'^oo, 
Ovid, A. A. i. 432. 

Ep. hanging, &c. 

EARSHOT — subst. Translate by 
phrase, e.g. mids vox (3 f.) ddvSnit 
cmres, I am within earshot. 

EARTH— subst. 
(a) the globe, terrS 1 ; orbXs 3 m. ; tel- 

lUs 3 f . 

Ep. broad, round, &c. 
(6) soil, terra 1 ; tellus 3 f . ; humus 2 ; 

sdlum 2 ; gleba 1 ; agffr 2 ; cdmpus 2 ; 

drvum 2 ; prdtum 2. 

Ep. fertile, barren, crumbling, clayey, 
&c. 
(c) of a fox, spScus 4 ; latebrse 1 pi. ; 

lustra 2 pi. ; cdvum 2 ; d&mus 2 and 

4f. 

Ep. safe, secret, dark, &c. 
_EARTHBOARD— subst.,;(of a plough) 
auris 3 f . 

EARTHBORN— adj., terrigena. 

EARTHEN— adj., fictllis, terrenus. 

EARTHENWARE — subst., fictilla 
3 n. pi. 

Ep. cheap, &c. 



EARTHLY 



( 108 ) 



ECLIPSE 



EABTHLY — adj., terrestrls, terrenus, 
mortdlis. 

EABTHftTJAKE— subst. Phr., ierrie 
motm (4), trSmdr (3 m.) Often trans- 
late by verb, e.g. terra trgmit, sOlum 
mugtt (groans), &c. 

Ep. violent, sudden, dread, &c. 

EAKTHWOEK— subst., agggr 3 m. 

EAETHY— adj., terrenus, terrestrls; 
sometimes corpdrSus. 

EASE — subst. 
(a) otlum 2 ; quies 3 f. ; r^quies 5. 

Phr., a life of ease, vitafacllls, otlosd ; 
at ease, lentus, securm ; adv. tSmSrS. 

Ep. well-earned, tranquil, pleasing, 
&c. 
(6) in bad sense, Inertld 1 ; desldiS 1 ; 

igndvla 1 ; langudr 3 m. ; torpdr 3 m. ; 

segnities 5 ; plgrltla 1 (Mart.). 

Ep. unmanly, unworthy, sluggish, 
&c. 
(c) facility, sometimes facultds 3 f. 

Usually render by adverb. See 

Easily. 

EASE, to— V. act. 

(a) to alleviate, Uvo 1 ; rSUvo 1 ; lento 
4 ; mulcio 2 ; sedo 1 ; compesco 3 ; 
rScrSo 1 ; rSficlo 3. 

(b) to ease of, Uvo 1 ; rSlSvo 1 ; ezHnSro 
1 ; soiw 3 ; libero 1 ; expSdlo 4 ; 
ixlmo 3. 

EASILY— adv., /acTfe^. 

Phr., Tiwi Sjrre, in prdmptu, ex factli. 

EAST— subst. 

(a) place of sunrise, driens 3 m. ; ortus 
4; Aurora 1. 

Ep. distant, golden, &c. 

(b) eastern regions, driens 3 m. 

Phr., j5oa <€Mm« (3 f.), Edum litus 
(3 n.), Eoie plagx (1 pi.), E5a rigid 
(3 f.). So regno (2 pi.), tracfus (4), 
fines (3 pi.), &c. 

Ep. cold, threatening, pitiless, &c. 

(c) Phr., from east to west, ah ortu 
soils ad occdsus; so, too, west to 
east, occdsus ad ortds, or a vespSrS 
soils ad ortum ; east and west, driens 
occlduusquS dies, occdsus St ortus, &c. 

(d) the East wind, Euriis 2. 
EASTERLY, EASTEEN— adj., Edus, 

driens, Eurosus ; sometimes mdtutinus 
(lit. morning). 

EASTWAED— adv. Phr., in ortum, 
hi Auroram. 



EASY — adj., facllls, Uvls, perfacllls 
(H.), proniis (rare in this sense). 

Phr., non difflcllis, non durus, non 
dpProsus, &c. ; it is easy, in prdmptu est. 

EAT, to — V. act., edo, irr. ; dbsumo 
3 ; consumo 3 ; vescdr 3 ; pdscdr 3 ; 
mdndo 3 (to chew) ; pSredo 3 (to eat 
through or away) ; mordlo 2 (to bite) ; 
adgdo 3 (Prop.). 

Phr., dents prSmo (3), conflclo (3) 
morsii, &c. 

EATABLE— adj., SdHlls (H.), escU- 
lentus (Mart.). 

EAVES — subst. Use tectum. 

Phr., tecti strdmSn 3 n. (the thatch), 
tecti culmus 2, &c. 

EBB — subst., rScessus 4, or rScursus 4 
(Ovid, Ibis, 423). 

Ep. daily, certain, alternate, &c. 

EBB, to — V. neut. 

(a) rScedo 3 ; rScHrro 3 ; rSfluo 3. 

(b) to decay, q. v. 

EBBING — adj., rSfluus, rSlabens ; 
sometimes supinus. 

EBON— adj. = black, q. v. 

EBONY— subst., gbenHs 2 ; SbSnum 2. 

Ep. black, hard, Indian (^Indus), 
Eastern (Eous). 

ECHO — subst., echo f. (in nom. only) ; 
more usually Imago 3 f. ; sometimes 
dssensUs 4. 

Phr., vox (3 f .) ingSmlndta, rSpercissS, 
&c. 

Ep., talkative, vocal, watchful, imi- 
tative, resounding, &c. 

ECHO, to — V. act., rSsdno 1 ; reddu 3 ; 
rSfSro, irr. ; ItSro 1 ; ingimino 1 ; rSpSto 
3 ; responded 2 ; circumsdno 1, to make 
a place echo. 

V. neut., r?s8no 1 ; rSsHto 1 ; 

rSmuglo 4 ; rScldmo 1 ; rfhdo 1 ; remUr- 
muro 1 ; responded 2 ; dssdno 1. 

ECHOING— adj., rSsdndbllls, rSsifnus, 
rSsdndns, sdnoriis. Sometimes pulsUs 
(struck bv sound) may be used (Verg. 
Ed. vi. 84). 

ECLIPSE — subst., de/ectus 4 ; labdres 
3 m. pi. 

Ep. sudden, dark, dread, &c. 

ECLIPSE, to — V. act. 

(a) to darken, q. v. 

(b) to extinguish, q. v. 

(p) to be eclipsed, deficld 3. See 
Darken, to, or Cover, to. 



ECLOGUE 



( 109 ) 



ELDER 



ECLOGUE— subst. 

Phr., carman (3 n.) huctflicum, 'pasto- 
rale ; Sicelldes musee (1 pi.). 

ECSTASY — subst. Use impetus 4; 
furdr 3 m. ; amentia 1 ; turbo 3 m. and 
f. (Hor. Odes, ii. 19, 5, &c. : rScenti mens 
trSpldat m£tu . . . turhidum Ixtatur). 
In ecstasy, sometimes beatus. 

Ep. frenzied, inspired, joyous, &c. 

ESBY — subst., vdrdgo 3 f. ; vortex 
3 m. ; gurggs 3 m. ; barathrum 2. 

Ep. turbid, vast, awful, &c. 

EDDY, to — V. neut., rSvolvSr 3; 
xstiio 1 ; exsestuo 1 ; fervid 2. 

Phr., volvSrS vortices. 

EDDYING — adj., turhinSus; perhaps 
sestSosus, sestuans, &c. 

EDGE— subst. 
(a) acies 5. See Sword. 

Ep. sharp, threatening, &c. 
(6) bank, mdrgo 3 m. and f. ; ripa 1 ; 

ora 1. 

Ep. grassy, abrupt, &c. 

EDGE, to — V. act. 

(a) to sharpen, q. v. 

(b) to fringe, q. v. 

EDGED— adj. = sharp, q. v. Two- 
edged, dnceps. 

EDICT— subst. = decree, q. v. 
EDIFICE — subst. = building, q. v. 
EDIFY, to — V. act. 

(a) to build, q. v. 

(b) to teach, q. v. 

EDUCATE, to — V. act., edited 1 ; in- 
stltuo 3 ; ddc?d 2 ; erudio 4 ; educo 3. 
EEL — subst., dngullla 1 (Juv.,Mart.). 
Ep. slippery, &c. 
EFFACE, to— V. act., dMSo 2 ; abdleo 

2 ; erddo 3 ; toUo 3 ; emendo 1. 

EFFECT— subst., effectus 4 ; flnU 3 
m. and f. ; exttus 4 ; sometimes pondus 

3 n., fides 5. 

EFFECT, to — V. act.=to accomplish, 
q. V. 

EFFEMINACY— subst., mdllUia 1; 
mollittes 5. 

Ep. base, unworthy, &c. 

EFFEMINATE — adj. = womanish, 
q. V. 

EFFETE — adj. = worn out, confec- 
tus, fessus, gravis, frdctus, Idnguens, 
fatlgdtus, deflciens, debtlltdtus, debllis, 
Idngu'idus, effetus. 

EFFIGY — subst. = image, q. v. 



EFFORT — subst., nisus 4 ; cdndtGs 4 ; 
condmffn 3 n. ; luctdmSn 3 n. ; moJim^n 
3 n. ; labdr 3. 

Ep. repeated, strong, vain, &c. 
EFFULGENCE- subst. = brightness, 
q. V. 
EFFULGENT— adj. = bright, q. v. 
EFT— subst., lacerta 1. 
Ep. marshy, &c. - 

"EGG — subst., ovum 2. 
Ep. white, common, &c. 
EGG, to — V. act., (to egg on) inctto 1 ; 
concito 1 ; acuo 3 ; stlmulo 1 ; exstimiild 
1 ; dccendo 3. 

EGLANTINE— subst., perhaps rvMs 
2 ; rdsa 1 ; or acdnthus 2. 

Ep. climbing (sequdx), tangled, &c. 
EGBESS — subst., egressus 4 ; exitus 4 ; 
abitiis 4 ; fuga 1 ; effugium 2. 

EIGHT— num. adj., octo, octonl pi. 
Phr., bis quatudr. 
EIGHT-FOOTED— adj., dctipes. 
EIGHTH— adj., octdvus. 
EITHER— pron. 
(a) uterquS. 
(6) each, qulsquS. 

^ITHER— conj., wut, vgl, vg, sivg, 
seu. 

EJACULATE, to— v. act. = to cry (a), 
q. V. 

EJECT, to— V. act., pello 3; expello 
3 ; fngo 1 ; abigo 3 ; ejicio 3 ; depello 3 ; 
excludo 3. 

EKE, to— V. act. (to eke out) per- 
haps produco 3 ; profffro, irr. ; augSo 2 ; 
cumulo 1 ; dddo 3. 
EKE — adv. = also. 
ELAPSE, to— V. neut. (of time) 
Idbdr 3 ; fluo 3 ; SbSo 4, irr. ; prxtSred 4, 
irr. ; volv8r 3. 

ELASTIC— adj., perhaps mollis, flexi- 
lis, flexibilis, lentils. Translate by verbs 
rSsTlioi; rSsultol. 

ELATE — adj., sUperbUs, eldtHs, tU- 
mens, tUmldus, tUmgfdctus (Prop.),/^roa;, 
insdlens, suhllmis, sUperbiens. 

ELBOW — subst., cm6<<ms 2; umbo 3m. 
(Mart.). 

ELD— subst. = old age. See Age (6). 
ELDER — adj., sSniSr, mdjdr. 
Phr., sevo, dnnis, &c. ; provectiSr 
mdturiSr, &c. 

ELDER— subst. sSnex 3 m. sgni6r 
3 m., vStUlils 3 (Juv.). 



ELDER 



( 110 ) 



EMBOSS 



ELDEB — Bubst., (tree) ^iil&s 2 m. ; 
edmbucGs 2 m. (no good authority). 

Ep. black-berried, &c. 

ELDEST — adj. superl. Phr., Jidtu 
mdxlmus, or mdxtmus. 

ELECT, to — V. act. = to choose, q. v. 

ELECTION — subst. = choice, q. v. 

ELEGANCE — subst., vSnustds 3 f . ; 
gratia 1 ; dlcdr 3 m. 

ELEGANT — adj., v^nmtUs, d?corus, 
pulchSr. 

ELEGT — Bubst. 

(a) elSgeld or eUgia 1 (Ov. Am. in. 
i. 7, 8); elSgl 2 pi. (Of. also Ov. 
iJer. XV. 5-7; .Fast. ii. 121.) 

(6) dirge, q. v. 

ELEMENT— subst. 
(o) Omentum 2. 

(b) of a science, princtplum 2; riidi- 
mentum 2. 

ELEPHANT— subst., d^pMs 3 m. 
(H., Mart.); SlSphdntus 2 (Juv.); 
WIM 1. 

Ep. huge, wise, Indian (Indus), 
African (Lihpcus), &c. 

ELEVATE, to — v. act., Uvo 1 ; tollo, 
irr. ; ev^ho 3 ; sublSvo 1 ; erigo 3 ; edited 
8 ; dttollo, irr. ; iffSro, irr. ; extollo irr. 

ELEVEN — num. adj., undScim 
(Mart.). 

ELEVENTH — adj., undSclmus. 

ELF — subst., perhaps Amores 3 pi. ; 
Cupidlnes 3 pi. (Cat., Mart.). 

ELFIN, ELFISH— adj., perhaps Cu- 
pidlnSus ; sometimes IdscAvus, prOcdx. 

ELICIT, to — v. act., ellcio 3. See 
Attract, to. 

ELIXIR — subst., perhaps philtrum 2. 

Ep. powerful, magic, wondrous, &c. 

ELK — subst., cervus 2. 

Ep. antlered, forest, roaming, &c. 

ELL — subst., ulna 1. 

ELM — subst., ulmus 2 f. 

Ep. branching, huge, dark, ancient, 
&c. 

ELM — adj., ulmSus (Juv.). 

ELOPE, to — v. neut. See Escape, to. 

ELOQUENCE — subst., fdcundla 1 ; 
eWqulum 2. Use lingua 1. 

Ep. easy, persuasive, learned, &c. 

ELOQUENT — adj.,/acM«dM8, dUertus. 

Phr., Ungud, org, vocS, &c., pdtens ; 
el5quld pollens or prEstdns ; fundi pSri- 
iMs or dMctxsAmus, <fcc. 



ELSE — adv., prsetSrSd, uUrd. 

ELSEWHERE- adv., alibi; some- 
times allundS. 

ELUDE, to— V. act, f alio 3 ; ludo 3 ; 
deludo 3 ; eludo 3. 

ELTSIAN — adj., Elyslus ; sometimes 
felix, bSdtus, plus, fortundtus, Ixtus, 
amoenus, quietus, secretus, dlscretus. 

ELYSIUM— subst., Elpslum 2. 

Phr., Elysti cdmpl (2 pi.), Elysium 
n^mus (3 n.). So sed^s (3 f.) ddmus (2 
and 4), ora (1), aula (1), vdllls (3), Sgkr 
(2), lucis (2), plagx (1 pi.). 

Ep. happy, careless, well-deserved, 
&c. 

EMACIATED— adj., macgr. 

EMANCIPATION— subst. Use vln- 
dlcta 1 (liberating rod). 

EilBALM, to — V. act., perhaps con- 
dlo 4 (but no poetical authority) or 
seterna 1 (to immortalise). 

EMBANKMENT— subst., aggSr 3 m. ; 
moles 3 f . 
lEp- piled up, solid, &c. 

EMBARK, to — V. act., impono 3; 
perhaps dnffro 1 (to load a ship). 

V. neut., dscendo 3 ; scdndo 3 ; 

conscendo 3. 

EMBARRASS— V. act. = to hinder, 
q. V. 

EMBASSY — subst. = ambassadors, 
legdtl 2 ; ordtores 3 m. pi. 

EMBATTLE, to — v. act. = to draw 
up in battle array, dlspono 3 ; instruo 3. 

EMBEDDED — adj., sSpultus, situs, 
cdnditUs. [q. v. 

EMBELLISH— V. act. = to adorn, 

EMBERS — subst., /at^ZZa 1 ; pruna 1. 

Ep. glowing, dying, fiery, &c. 

EMBITTER, to — v. act., acerbo 1 ; 
acUo 3; perhaps dccendo 3, irrito 1. 
The fight becomes embittered, crudesclt 
pugna (Verg.). 

EMBLEM — subst., perhaps InsignS 
3 n. ; signum 2 ; drgumentum 2 ; indi- 
cium 2. 

Ep. conspicuous, ancient, &c. 

EMBOLDEN, to— v. act., flrmo I ; 
conflrmo 1 ; robdro 1. 

Phr., vires dddo (3). 

EMBOLDENED— part. See Bold. 

EMBOSS, to — V. act., coelo 1 ; efflngo 
3 ; extundo 3. Embossed with gold. 



EMBOWER 



C 111 ) 



ENCAMP 



??EMBOWEB, to — T. act., cdrono 1 ; 
cin/fo 3 ; circumdo 1. Embower the 
springs in shade, InducltS fontibus um- 
bras (Verg. Ed. v. 40), for which quis 
vlrldi f antes inducSrSt umbra (ix. 20). 

EMBBACE, to — v. act., dmpleddr 
3 ; complectdr 3. 

Phr., collo brdchia do 1, circumdo 1, 
»tec<o 3, injlcio 3, pono 3, dmplexu fdvSo 
2, colld hierSo 2, infunddr 3, circum- 
funddr 3, de collo pendSo 2, collum or 
coUa clngo 3 or necfo 3, innecto 3, f^n^o 
2, lacertis. 

V. neut. Phr., dmplexus or 

complexus jungo 3, dmplexibus hxrSo 2, 
tin^dr, &c. See the active verb. 

EMBBACE — subst., dmplexus 4; 
complexus 4. 

Ep. close, last, maternal, &c. 

EMBBOIDEB, to — v. act., plngo 3 
(often with acu, the needle). 

EMBBOIDEBED — adj., plctus, pic- 
turdtus, distinctus ; perhaps intextiis, 
intertextiis. 

EMBBOIDEBT — subst. Phr., pictd 
vestis (3 f.). 

EMBBOIL, to — V. act. = to disturb, 
miscSo 2 ; confundo 3 ; permiscSo 2 ; 
turbo 1. 

EMEND, to — V. act. = to amend, 
corrlgo 3 ; emendo 1 ; cdstigo 1. 

EMEBALD — subst., sm^rdgdus 2 f. 

Ep. green, precious, &c. 

EMEB6E, to — V. neut., emergro 3 ; 
exsto 1 ; surgo 3 ; exsurgo 3 ; exSo, irr. ; 
exSrldr 3 and 4 ; drWr 3 and 4. 

EMIGEANT — subst., cCflonus 2. 

Ep. roaming, exile, &c. 

EMIGBATE, to — v. neut., mtgro 1 ; 
excedo 3 ; ex^o, irr. 

EMINENCE^ — subst = summit, cacu- 
mSn 3 n. ; vertex 3 m. ; apex 3 m. 
Sometimes mons 3 m. ; collls 3 m. ; 
jugum 2, &c. 

Ep. high, aerial, snowy, &c. 

EMINENT— adj. 
(a) high, q. v. 

(6) distinguished, egrSgtus, exlmius. 
To be eminent, eminSo 2. 

EMISSABY — subst., nuntliis 2 ; satel- 
les 3 m. ; perhaps legdtus 2. 

Ep. faithful, unwearied, &c. 

EMIT, to — V. act., emitto 3 ; ejicio 3 ; 
/undo 3 ; effundo 3 ; hdlo 1 ; exhdlo 1 ; 
spiro 1 ; exspiro 1 ; edo 3. 



EMOTION— subst., m^tiis 4 ; a/ec<M8 
4 ; tiimultus 4. 

EMPEBOB— subst. Use rex 3 m.; 
ddminus 2 ; sometimes CxsSr 3 m. ; 
princeps 3 m. ; tprdnnus 2. 

EMPIBE— subst. 
(a) region governed, ImpSrium 2 ; r^- 

nwm 2. 

Ep. wide, submissive, &c. 
(6) imperial power, impSrXum 2 ; regr- 

nwrn 2 ; ditto 3 f . ; pdtestds 3 f. 

Ep. proud, just, ancestral, &c. 

EMPLOY, to— V. act., utdr 3; ad- 
hib?o 2 ; exerc^o 2 ; ddmdveo 2. 

EMPLOY, EMPLOYMENT — subst. 
= business, q. v. 

EMPOWEB,_ to — V. act., perhaps 
praeficlo 3 ; prsepono 3 (lit. to set over). 

Phr., impSrium do (1), trddo (3), 
regnum permitto (3). 

EMPBESS — subst. Use reginS 1; 
ddmina 1 ; Mra 1. 

EMPBISE — subst. = enterprise, q. v. 

EMPTY — adj., vacuus, tndnis, ven- 
tosus. 

EMPTY, to— V. act., vacuol (Mart.) ; 
exhaurio 4 ; perhaps viduo 1. 

EMPXTBPLE, to— V. act., rUUfacXo 
3. See Dye, to. 

EMPYBEAN — subst. = highest 
heaven, use ccdum 2, sether 3 m. 

Phr., coelestia regno. (2 pi.), ccerula 
templa (2 pi.), sldSred drx (3 f.), &c. 

Ep. fiery, bright, shining, &c. 
_ EMULATE, to— V. act. = to rival, 
xmuldr 1 ; certo 1 ; contendo 3. 

EMTJLOTTS — adj., semiiliis, rivdlis. 

ENABLE, to— V. act. 

Phr., facultdtem offSro, irr. ; data 
copla fdndi, he was enabled to speak. 
Sometimes use possum or llcSt, or fds 
est. So, too, datur, cdnceditiir ; da mlhl 
poss?, enable me. 

ENACT, to— V. act. 

(a) to accomplish, q. v. 

(b) to decree, q. v. 
ENACTMENT— subst., Zea; 3 f. ; edlc- 

tum 2 ; decretum 2. 

ENAMEL — V. act., iird 3; inuro 3. 
(No poetical authority in this sense.) 
Cf. Ovid. Fast. iii. 831 ; iv. 275. 

ENAMELLED — adj., (with flowers, 
&c.) plctus, distinctus. 

ENCAMP, to— V. neut., tendo 3. 



ENCAMPMENT 



( 112 ) 



ENDING 



Phr. castra pond (3) or I8cd (1), con- 
stdo castris, &c. 

ENCAMPMENT— subet., cdatra 2 pi. ; 
tentoria 2 pi. 

Ep. martial, white, &c. 

ENCASE, to — V. act.=to cover, q. v. 

ENCAUSTIC — adj. See Enamel, to. 

ENCHAIN, to — V. act., vincio 4; 
eonstrlngo 3 ; cderc^o 2. Usually by 
phrase, vindis or cdtenis, matiicls or 
compSdibus, &c. llgo 1, vincio 4, necto 3, 
pr?mo 3, strlngo 3, nodo 1, cdercSo 2, 
dfliibfo 2, impSdlo 4, implied 1, dlligo 1, 
«ngo 3, (^n^o 2, rStinSo 2 ,&c. 

ENCHANT, to— V. act, /ascTno 1. 

Phr., to subdue, bind, catch, &c. by 
magic spells, incantations, &c. 

ENCHANTED— adj., i.e. spell-bound, 
cdntdtuii. 

ENCHANTER— subst., magus 2. 

Ep. powerful, crafty, aged, &c. 

ENCHANTMENT— subst., cdrmen 3 
n. ; cdntUs 4 ; Tienla 1 ; vSneflcium, 
usually with epithet, e.g. cdrmSn magi- 
cum, cantus vSneficus, nenla Mdrsa. 
Use also herbie 1 pi. 3Iedeid?s or Thessa- 
licsR, drs 3 f. Colchica, sometimes vSnena 
2 pi., verba 2 pi., pocula 2 pi., vox 3 f . 
radix 3 f., &c., with similar epithets, 
e.g. Circxus, Tltessalus, Mdrsus, &c. 

ENCHANTRESS — subst., sdga 1 ; 
maga 1 ; cSnefica 1. 

Ep. powerful, prophetic, aged, 
wrinkled, crafty, &c. 

ENCIRCLE, to— V. act. 
(a) cingo 3 ; cdrond 1 ; drcumdo 1 ; 

dmbto, irr. ; circum^o, irr. ; drcumfluo 

3 ; complecWr 3. 
(ft) to besiege, q. v. 

ENCIRCLING — adj., drcHmfusiis, 
circumragus, circumfiuus. 

ENCLOSE, to — V. act., cldudd 3 ; m- 
cludo 3 ; ssepio 4 ; circwmrfo 1 . 

ENCLOSURE— subst., septa 2 pi. 

ENCOMPASS, to — V. act., to encircle, 
q. V. 

ENCOUNTER — subst., |)ugrna 1 ; prse- 
llum 2 ; cirtdmSn 3 n. ; cdrwQrsus 4 ; 
occiirsus 4 ; sometimes Mars 3 m. 

Ep. fierce, bloody, deadly, hostile, 
&c. 

ENCOUNTER, to — v. act. occurro 3 ; 
obsto 1 : obsisto 3 ; ad^o, irr. 

Phr., obvius sum or ?o ; perhaps mp- 
pgto 3 (Hor. Epodes, xvii. 64). 



ENCOUNTER, to — v. neut., concurro 
3. 

Phr., mi oppono 3, objicio 3, offSro 
irr., &c. ; comlnus (adv.) irff l^oni or 
in iPonem = to encounter a lion. 

ENCOURAGE, to — v. act, /[rmo 1; 
confirmo 1 ; robdro 1 ; liortdr 1. 

Phr., rires arfdo 3. 

ENCOURAGEMENT — subst., horta- 
m^n 3 n. ; hortdttis 4. Usually render 
by a verb, e.g. to give encouragement 
= to encourage. 

ENCROACH, to— V. act., (with upon) 
occSpo 1 ; invddo 3. 

Phr., summdvSt litSra, he encroaches 
upon the sea (lit. makes the shore 
advance). 

ENCUMBER, to— v. act., vmp^dio 4 ; 
dnSro 1 ; gravo 1 ; prPmo 3 ; opprimo 3 ; 
urg?d 2 ; tdrdo 1 ; m&rfh- 1 ; rSmdrdr 1. 

END— subst. 
(fl) finis 3 ; terminus 2 ; rneta 1 ; mddus 

2 ; exltus 4 ; eventus 4 ; clausula (of 

a letter). 

Ep. last, long-sought, sudden, &c. 
(fe) death, q.v. 

(c) design, q. v. 

(d) Phr., " on end " of hair. Translate 
by verb, horrid 2, sto 1. 

END, to — V. act., conficlo 3; p«r- 
ficlo 3 ; termino 1 ; finlo 4 ; condudd 3 ; 
extgo 3 ; pirago 3 ; expUo 2. . 

Phr., finem or mddum facto 3, pwio 3, 
impono 3, addd 3, statud 3, udhXbSo 2, 
/jjro 3, &c. 

V. neut., to come to an end, 

deslno 3. Use passive of preceding 
verbs. 

Phr., finem tdngo 3 ; ad^o, irr. ; 
habfo 2, &c. 

ENDANGER, to— v. act. 

Phr., caput objectdrS pSriclis = to en- 
danger my life ; diserim^n vitse adirS 
= to endanger my life. So versdr 1 
pSriclis, subSo, irr., pMcula, &c. 

ENDEAR, to — V. act. ; perhaps con- 
cll'io 1 ; devincio 4. 

ENDEAVOUR — subst. = attempt, 
(a) and (b), q. v. 

ENDEAVOUR, to— v. neut. = to 
attempt, q. v. 

ENDED — adj., exhaustus, confectuf, 
perfectus, finitus, exdctus, pSrdctus. 

ENDING— subst. See End. 



ENDIVE 



( 113 ) 



ENNOBLE 



ENDIVE— subst., Intiiha 2 n. pi. ; 
cichSred 2 n. pi. 

Ep. bitter, moist, &c. 

ENDLESS — adj., 'perpntius, pffrennis, 
seternus, immensm, linmortalTs. 

Phr., sln^ fine, dempto or exempto or 
nuUo finP, fine carens. 

ENDOW, to— V. act., to endow with, 
dofu 1 ; (of a dowry) dlto 1, augSo 2 ; 
dpulento 1 (H.). 

ENDOWED with— adj. = dowered 
(6), q. V. 

ENDURABLE— adj., merShllls, tm- 
rdndm, ferendii^, patiendus, subSundus. 

ENDURANCE— subst., j>a<ren<ra 1. 

Ep. constant, firm, &c. 

ENDURE, to— V. act., fgro, irr. ; 
tdlSro 1 ; siib^o, irr. ; pdtldr 3 ; perpHiSr 
3 ; smtlneo 2 ; duro 1 ; perfgro, irr. 

V. neut., duro 1 ; sto\; persto 

1 ; mango 2 ; permango 2 ; vivo 3 ; pgr- 
enno 1 ; ohduro 1. 

ENEMY — subst., liostU 3 m. ; iniml- 
cus 2 ; ddversdrlus 2 (H.). 

Ep. fierce, honourable, impious, 
treacherous, proud, merciless, bloody, 
&c. 

ENERGETIC— adj. = active, q. v. 

ENERGY— subst., vis 3 f. ; vires 3 f. 
pi. ; inipgtm 4 ; v'lgor 3 m. 

ENERVATE, ENFEEBLE, to— v. 
act., enervo 1 ; molllo 4 ; debilUo 1 ; 
frdngo 3 ; dttgnuo 1. 

ENFOLD, to — V. act., Involvo 3 ; im- 
plico 1 ; clncjo 3 ; clrcumdo 1 ; dmbio 4, 
irr. See Embiiace, to. 

ENFORCE, to — V. act. In phrase 
" to enforce commands," perliaps co- 
gunt in sua jussS vlros would equal, 
" they enforce their commands ; " jusm 
cddctus ago 3, I obey enforced com- 
mands. 

ENFRANCHISE, to— v. act., solvo 3 ; 
lihgro 1. 

ENGAGE, to — V. act. 
(a) to pledge, pgwlMor 3; prdmUtd 3; 

poUicgor 2 ; spdndvo 2 ; pdngo 3. 
(6) to encounter («) and (V), q. v. 

ENGAGEMENT— subst. 
(o) pledge, plgniis 3 n. ; pdctum 2. 

Ep. sure, precious, &c. 
(h) encounter, pignd 1 ; prceltum 2 ; 

certdmgn 3 n. ; Seles 5 ; Mdrs 3 m. 

Ep. fierce, long, bloody, regular 
(Justus). 



ENGARLAND, to — v. act. = to crown, 
q. V. 

ENGENDER, to— v. act. = to beget, 
q. V. 

ENGINE— subst. 
(a) machlnd 1. 
(6) (military) mdchina 1 ; artes 3 m. ; 

bdllista 1 ; tormentum 2. 

Ep. heavy, hostile, deadly, &c. 

ENGRAFT, to— v. act. = to graft, 
q. V. 

ENGRAINED — adj., insltus, inndtus. 

ENGRAVE, to— V. act., cselo 1; in- 
cido 3 ; scdlpo 3 ; sculpo 3. 

ENGULF, to— V. act., sorbgo 2 ; voro 
1 ; haurio 4 ; mergo 3 ; perhaps 
dbscdndo 3. 

ENHANCE, to— V. act., auggo 2. 

Phr., provgho (3) In mdjus. 

ENJOIN — V. act. = to command (a), 
q. V. 

ENJOY, to — V. act., frtidr 3 ; cdrpo 
3 ; utSr 3 ; perfrudr 3 ; p8tl8r 4 ; 
gaudgo 2 ; perciplo 3. 

Phr., I enjoy myself, Ggnlum euro 1 
(Hor. Od. iii. 17, 14). 
_ENJOYABLE — adj., bgdtus, felix, 
Imttiii. 

ENJOYMENT — subst., usus 4. 
Translate by verb, e.g. the enjoyment 
of riches, divUns utl, of the day, diem 
cdrpgrg. 

ENKINDLE, to— v. act., dccendo 3 ; 
Incendo 3 ; infldmmo 1. 

ENLACE, to — V. act = to encircle, 
q. V. 

ENLARGE, to— v. act., auggo 2 ; 
profgro, irr. ; extendo 3 ; produco 3 ; 
dmpllfico 1. 

ENLIGHTEN, to— v. act., illUstro 1. 

Phr., to touch, gild, refresh, fill, 
bedew, &c., with light. 

ENLIST, to— V. act., perhaps acclo 
4 ; drcesso 3 ; convdco 1. 

ENLIVEN, to^v. act., hilSro 1 ; 
rgcrgo 1 ; oblecto 1 ; exMlaro 1 (Mart.). 

ENMESH, to— V. act. = to entangle, 
q. V. 

ENMITY — subst., simultds 3 f . ; 
Sdium 2 ; discdrdia 1 ; inXmicitim 1 pi. ; 
rixd 1 ; jurgium 2. 

Ep. fierce, mad, lasting, &c. 

ENNOBLE, to— V. act., nobtlito 1 
(Ovid only uses past part.) ; fUfnoro 1 ; 



ENORMOUS 



( 114 ) 



ENTREATY 



dScdro 1 ; illustro 1 (H.) ; orno 1 ; 
exorno 1 ; claro 1. 

ENOEMOUS— adj. = liuge, q. v. 

ENORMOUSLY— adv. Phr., imTnanS 
quantum (Hor. Od. i. 27, 6). 

ENOUGH, ENOW— adv., satis, sat, 
uhunde. 

ENQUIRE, to — V. act. See Inquire, 

TO. 

ENRAGE, to — V. act., Irrito 1 ; 
lacesso 3. 

Phr., to move, kindle, awaken, 
Bharpen, increase, stimulate, &c., anger, 
wrath, rage, &c. 

ENRAPTURED— adj., perhaps lym- 
jphdtus, dmens, dttdnltus, stupens. 

Phr., di^o plenus or concttus. 

ENRICH, to — V. act., dito 1 ; aug?o 
2 ; dpulento 1 (H.). 

ENROBE, to — V. act. = to clothe, 
q. V. 

ENROLL, to — V. act., ddscribo 3 ; 
ddnumSro 1 ; dddo 3 ; insSro 3 ; ddseisco 
3 ; dssSro 3. 

ENSANGUINED— adj. = bloody, q.v. 

ENSCONCE, to — V. act. = to conceal, 
q- V. 

ENSHRINE, to— V. act., sacro 1 ; 
consecro 1 ; died 1 ; dedlco 1. 

ENSIGN— subst. 
(a) banner, q. v. 
(fe) badge, q. v. 

ENSLAVE, to — v. act. Phr., mncla, 
catenas, &c., dddo 3, impono 3, &c. ; 
mnclis catenis, &c. ; prSmo 3, dnSro 1 ; 
imp?dld 4, &c. Passive, to be enslaved, 
servlo 4. Vhr^jugum subPo, irr. ; mncla 
JSrd, irr. ; patlOr 3, &c. ; dol, colla jugo, 
&c. 

ENSNARE, to — v. act., illaqu?6 1. 

Phr., insidids paro 1, tendo 3, inollor 
4, mSd'Mr 1, &c. 

ENSUE, to — V. neut. = to follow, 
q.v. 

ENTANGLE, to — v. act., impMio 4 ; 
implied 1 ; illaquSo 1 ; iUlgo 1. 

ENTER, to — v. act., tnSo, irr. ; 
Intro 1 ; subSo, irr. ; ingrSdldr 3 ; in- 
slsto 3. 

ENTERPRISE — subst., inceptum 2 ; 
cdeptum 2 ; ausum 2 ; cunsilium 2 ; pro- 
pdsltum 2 ; orsa 2 pi. ; tentdm^n 3 n. ; 
tentdm^ntum 2 ; susceptum 2. 

Ep. valiant, rash, bloody, warlike, 
&c. 



ENTERTAIN, to— v. act. 
(o) to receive hospitably, exctpXo 3; 

hospUio dcclplo 3 ; hospltlum do 1 ; 

presto 1 ; prxhSd 2, &c. 
(b) to amuse, or divert, deleeto 1 ; 

oblecto 1 ; cdpto \; juvo \. 

ENTERTAINER— subst., hospSs 3 m. 

ENTERTAINMENT — subst., hospl- 
tlum 2. 

ENTHRALL, to— V. act. = to enslave, 
q.v. 

ENTHRONE, to— v. act. 

Phr., regdli sedi or sQlio ISco 1, I 
place in royal seat. Passive, sOllo, 
consldSo 2, rSsldSd 2 (to sit on throne) ; 
sdllo rex infit ub dlto = the king high 
enthroned speaks. 

ENTICE, to— V. act., cdpto 1 ; dlllclo 
3 ; illaquSo 1 ; pellicld 3 ; hldndldr 4 ; 
prolecto 1. 

ENTIRE— adj., totus, integer, sdlldus, 
inconsumptiis. 

ENTIRELY— adv., omnlno,pldne (H., 
Mart.), pSnltus, funditus. 

ENTITLE, to— V. act. = to call, q. v. 

ENTITLED to— adj., pdrtlceps, dig- 
nus. 

ENTOMB, to — V. act. = to bury, 
q.v. 

ENTRAILS— subst. 
(a) literally viscSra 3 pi. ; fibree 1 pi. 
(6) the larger bodily organs (heart, 
liver, &c.) exta 2 pi. ; prosecta 2 pi. 
Use aLso cor 3 n.,jScur 3 n. 

Ep. steaming, prophetic, &c. 

ENTRANCE— subst. 

(a) the act of entering, adltus 4 ; 
dccessus 4 ; ingresstis 4 ; intrditiis 4. 

(b) a door, q. v. 

ENTRANCE, to — v. act., ohstupgfdclo 
3 ; percello 3 ; sometimes caplo 3. 

Phr., sensus d8mo 1, vlnclo 4, muto 1, 
&c. ; fdllo 3, mentem. 

ENTRANCED — adj., stupSfdctUs, 
dttdnltus, stupens ; perhaps sdpordtus. 

ENTRAP, to — V. act. = to ensnare, 
illaquSo 1. 

Phr., insidids paro 1, tendo 3, molldr 
4, medltdr 1, &c. 

ENTREAT, to— v. act. 
(a) to beg, pSto 3 ; rSgo 1 ; oro 1 ; prS- 

cSr 1 ; imploro 1. 
(6) to treat, trdcto 1 (H.) ; Utor 3 (H.). 

ENTREATY— subst., prSces 3 f. pi. 



ENTRUST 



( 115 ) 



ERADICATE 



(you may also use prScS, abl. sing); 
rota 2 pi. 

Ep. humble, repeated, servile, 
womanly, &c. 

ENTEUST, to— V. act. = to confide, 
credo 3 ; mdndo 1 ; commendo 1 ; com- 
mitto 3 ; trddo 3 ; depono 3. 

ENTEY — subst. = entrance, q. v. 

ENTWINE, to— V. act. 
(a) to twine, nedo 3 ; texo 3 ; innecto 3 ; 

Intexo 3; implied 1. See Crown, to. 
(6) to clasp, dmylectdr 3 ; compUctSr 3. 

ENTTMEEATE, to— v. act. = to count 
(a), q.v. 

ENVEIL, to — V. act., t-eZo 1 ; obnubo 3. 

Phr., to cover with a veil, veldminS 
or amictu t?go 3, dp?rid 4, cont?go 3, 
condo 3, iSrc. 

ENVELOP, to— V. act., amlcld 4 ; in- 
rolvo 3 ; circumfundo 3 ; velo 1 ; oh- 
duco 3. See Cover, to. 

ENVENOM, to — V. act. See Embitter, 

TO. 

ENVENOMED— adj., vSnendtus, vSne- 
riifSr, pestifer. 

Phr., vSneno infectus, lUitus, madens, 
jierfums, drmdtus, plenus, &c. 

ENVEEMEIL, to— v. act., ruUfacXo 3. 

Phr., ruhorS tingo 3, in/iciv 3, &c. 

ENVIABLE, ENVIED — adj., invt- 
dendus, invtdiosus. 

ENVIOUS — adj., invidus, invidiosus, 
lividus, livens (Mart.). 

ENVIEON, to— V. act. = to encircle, 
q.v. 

ENVOY — subst., nunttug 2 ,• legatus 2. 

ENVY, to— V. act., invldPo 2. You 
can often use cdrpo 3, mard^o 2, de- 
t recto 1. 

ENVY — subst., invidia 1 ; llvihr 3 m. 

Phr., dens invidUs or lividUt. 

Ep. pale, sickly, watchful, keen, 
&c. 

ENWEAP, to— V. act. See Envelop, 
ro. 

ENWEEATHE, to — v. act. See 
Orown, to. 

ENWEOTJGHT — adj., ornatus, exor- 
ti'dus, d^cSratus. 

EPHOD — subst., perhaps limits 2 
(Verg. Mneid, xii. 120). 

EPIC — adj., JieroHs. 

EPIC— subst., ^pos 3 n. 

Phr., Mseihiium cdrmCn 3 n. (Homer's 



song) ; graves nUmirt 2 pi. ; gravTUs 
plectrum 2 ; pes (3 m.) fortls. 

Ep. sublime, noble, &c. [(Mart.). 

EPIGEAM — subst., Splgramma 3 n. 

Ep. biting, keen, &c. 

EPISCOPAL— adj. Use ponttftcaiis. 

EPISTLE— subst., gpistSla 1 ; tabellu 
1. Use also charts 1 ; tabellx 1 pi. 
scripts 2 pi. ; ndtee 1 pi. ; cerS 1 ; cerai 

1 pi. ; wax tablets. 

EPITAPH— subst., cdrm^n 3 n. ; tUS- 
lUs 2 ; sometimes nomina 3 pi., ndtm 1 pi., 
quSrella 1. 

Ep. sepulchral, mindful, &c. 

EPOCH — subst., tempHs 3 n. See 
Date (a). 

Ep. great, expected, foretold, &c. 

EQITAL— adj. 
(a) ssqudlls, par, sequHs, parJlXs, some- 
times stmiliSj idem, 
(h) impartial, sequUs, placidiis, immotug. 

EQUAL— subst. 
(a) not inferior or superior, par 3 m. 
(6) = comrade, q. v. 

EQUAL, to— V. act. 
(a) aequo 1 ; Equiparo 1 ; exxquo 1. 
(6) to make equal, sequo 1; exsequo 

(Juv.). 

EQUALITY — subst. Translate by 
adj., e.g. on an equality, pSres. 

EQUALIZE, to— V. act. See Equal, 
to (6). 

EQUALLY — adv., parttir, mque, se- 
qudlitSr. 

Phr., ex aequo. 

EQUANIMITY— subst., constanttS 1. 
_ Phr., aequHs anlmUs (2), mens (3 f.) 
asqua. 

EQUINE— adj., gquinus. 
_ EQUINOX— subst. Phr., nox (3 f.) 
xqua diei, xqua dies (5) nocti. 

EQUIP, to — V. act., orno 1 ; instrSd 3 ; 
pSro 1 ; institSd 3 ; drmo 1 ; dffcdro 1. 

EQUIPPED— adj., dgeoriis and parti- 
ciples of verbs above. 

EQUIPMENT— subst. Use drma 2 
pi. ; ornatus 4 ; instruments 2 pi. 

EQUITABLE — adj., aequUs, justPi, 
sdnctus. 

EQUITY — subst., justltla I ; sequicA 

2 ; jus 3 n. ; fides 5. 

Ep. sacred, impartial, &c. 
EEA — subst., tempus 3. See Date. 
EEADICATE, to— v. act. = to exter- 
minate, q. y. 

I 2 



EliASE 



( 116 ) 



ESTEEM 



ERASE, to— V. act., deM 2 ; iibdm 
2 ; erddo 3. 

Phr., stilum rerto (H.) 

ERE — adv.=before, q. v. 

ERE — prep.=before, q. v. 

ERECT, to — V. act., tollo, irr. ; Edt- 
fteo 1 ; exstruo 3 ; erigo 3 ; attollo, irr. ; 
educo 3 ; statuo 3 ; cdnstituo 3. 

ERECT — adj., rectus, stdns, exstdns, 
erectus, ddstdns. 

EREMITE— sub8t.= hermit, q. v. 

ERMINE — subst. = robe of state, 
judge's robe, perhaps may be rendered 
by trabSa 1, or purpiira 1. 

ERR, to — V. neut. 

(a) to wander, erro 1 ; pdldr 1 ; ragdr 
1 ; sometimes discurro 3. 

(b) to sin, pecco I ; erro 1 ; dberro 1 
(H.). 

(c) to be mistaken, erro 1 ; fdlldr 3 ; 
decipldr 3. 

ERRAND — subst., mdnddtum 2 ; 
jussum 2 ; jussus 4, in sing. ; impSrium 
2 ; prxceptum 2. 

Phr., to go on errands, nuntto 1 
mdnddta, &c. ; porto 1 ; fSro, defSro, 
irr., &c. 

Ep. entrusted, weighty, &c. 

ERRANT— adj. 
(a) errdns, errdhundus, vagus, errdticus. 
(6) knight errant, perhaps herds 3 ; 

milffs 3 ; juvSnXs 3. 

ERRATIC — adj. See Errant (a). 

ERRONETJS — adj., fdlsus, mentitus, 
fictiis. 

Phr., ndn verus. 

ERROR— subst. 

(a) wandering, errdr 3 m. ; errdtUs 4 ; 
sometimes dmbdges 3 f . pi., flexGs 4. 
Ep. straying, blind, imcertain, &c. 

(b) sin, errdr 3 m. ; delictum 2 ; culpa 
1 ; errdtum 2 ; peccdtum 2. 

Ep. grave, impious, worthy of 
pardon, &c. 

ERST, ERSTWHILE— adv. = once, 
qudndam, olim, prius, dntS. 

ERUDITE— adj., doctus. 

ERUPTION — subst., (of a volcano) 
no equivalent word in Latin. For 
ways of expressing the idea, see Verg., 
Georg. i. 471-473; Mneid, iii. 570-582. 

ESCAPADE — subst. See Adven- 
ture. 

ESCAPE, to — V. act. and neut., 
effugld 3 ; evddo 3 ; eldbor 3. 



ESCAPE — subst.,/Mgia 1 ; efUgium 2. 

Ep. lucky, sudden, wondrous, &c. 

ESCHEW, to— V. act. = to avoid, 
q. V. 

ESCORT — subst., prassidlum 2 ; cdmi- 
tdtus 4 ; custodla 1 . Often custodei* 
3 m. pi. ; satellites 3 fm. pi. ; mlnistri 2 
pi. ; stipdtores 3 pi. (H.). 

Ep. faithful, armed, &c. 

ESCORT, to — V. act., custodlo 4; 
cdmTtdr 1 ; subsSquSr 3 ; stlpo 1 ; cingo 3. 

ESPOUSAL — subst., sponsdlla 3 pi. ; 
nuptiie 1 pi. ; cdnjuglum 2 ; connublum 
2 ; HprMnxl 2 pi. ; thalSml 2 pi. ; txdse 
Ipl. 

Ep. joyous, pledged, &c. 

ESPOUSE, to— V. act. 
(a) to betroth, despondfo 2. 

Phr., /eci sponsdlla, I was betrothed. 
(6) to marry, (of the husband) duco ?> 

(■phr., jiingdr 3 or me Jingo 3); of 

the wife, niibo 3 (phr., jung&r 3 or me 

jungo 3). 
(c) to adopt a cause, side, &c., c5m- 

plectdr 3 ; favSo 2 ; pr((bo 1. 

Phr., cdittra pSto 3 (lit., I desert to). 

ESPOUSED — adj., sponsa, nupta, de- 
sponsa. 

ESPY, to — V. act., prospiclo 3 ; pro- 
specto 1. 

Phr., dciilis metldr 4, prdcul dspXclo 3, 
&c. 

ESQUIRE— subst., drmig?r 2. 

ESSAY, to — V. act. = to attempt, 
q. V. 

ESSAY — subst. = attempt, q. v. 

ESSENCE — subst., perhaps /os 3 m. ; 
vis 3 f . 

Ep. verv, vital, &c. 

ESTABLISH, to— v. act. 
(a) to settle, flrmo 1 ; confirmo 1 ; 

sdncio 4. 
Qj) to found, /undo 1; statuo 3; con- 

stitiio 3 ; condo 3 ; pono 3 ; mollSr 4. 

ESTATE— subst. 

(a) condition, q. v. (a). 

(b) rank, Idcus 2 ; ordo 3 m. 

(c) property, res 5 ; prxdlum 2 (H.) ; 
fundus 2 ; agSr 2 ; jugSra 3 pi. 

Ep. ancestral, wide, &c. 

ESTEEM, to — V. act. 
(a) tt) set a value upon, Estlmo 1 (Cat., 

H.). 
(fe) to prize, prdbo 1 ; mlrdr 1 ; Idudo 1. 
(c) to consider, (b) q. v. 



ESTEEM 



( 117 ) 



EVIDENT 



ESTEEM — subst., 'pretlum 2; laus 
3f. 

Ep. hi^h, deserved, excessive, &e. 

ESTIMATE, to — v. act. xstlmo 1 
(Cat., H.). 

ESTEANGE, to — v. act., separo 1 ; 
dissdcto 1 ; divido 3. 

ESTKANGING— adj., dlssSciabilU. 

ETEENAL, ETERNE— adj., seternus, 
pSrennU, perpetuus, mdnsurus, imnwr- 
tdlis. 

Phr., sinS finS, nullo or dempto flnS, 
inortS carens. To be eternal, pSrenno 1. 

ETEENALLT — adv., asteriw, sempSr, 
perpetuo. 

Phr. in xternum, nunquam non. 

ETERNITy— subst. 

Phr., seternum tempus 3 n ; p^ren- 
nis hora 1 ; sinS flnS tempus 3 n. ; 
^Sr'ies 5 immensd dierum. To eternity, 
in omnS tempus. In omnes annos, in 
letemum, tempus in Eternum. 

ETERNIZE, to — v. act., Eterno 1. 

EraER— subst., Ether 3 m. Often 
use caelum 2 ; indnS 3 n., &c. 

Ep. celestial, liquid, lacking weight, 
lacking stain, &c. 

ETHEREAL — adj., EtMrius, ccelestis, 
supSrus, dlurnus, sidSrSus. 

EULOGIST — subst., laMdUk 3; Icm- 
ddtrix 3 f. 

EULOGIZE— V. a. = to praise, q. v. 

EULOGY — subst. = praise, q. v. 

EVADE, to — V. act., vito 1 ; evito 1 ; 
fuglo 3 ; efucilo 3. 

EVANESCENT— adj. caducUs, hrSvU, 
periturus. 

EVANISH, to — V. neut. = to vanish, 
q. v. 

EVE, EVEN— subst. See Evening. 

EVEN— adj. 
(a) level, sequus, l?vis, planus, xqudius. 
(6) of temper, Equus, placidus, trdn- 

qulllus, immotus. 
(c) imY>a.rtia\, Equiis, Justus. 

EVEN — adv., v?l, et, Stlam, qudquS. 

EVEN-HANDED— adj. -See Even, (c). 

EVENING— subst., vesper 3 m. (no 
genitive). 

Phr., HespSrus 2 (the evening star) ; 
VespSr 2 (the evening star) ;^ crffpus- 
cula 2 pi. (twilight) ; sometimes nox 3 
(night) ; t^nebrE 1 pi., umbra 1 (shades 
of night) ; Sol 3 m. occiduus ; tempus 
3 n. vespertinum ; hora 1 vespertlna. i 



Get ideas from dew, repose, sleep, the 
moon, the stars, supper, unyoking, oxen, 
return home, silence, calm, &c. 

! Ep. late, peaceful, silent, longed-for, 

I &c. 

I EVENLY— adv., Equdl'Mr. 

I EVENT— subst. 

(a) end or result, finis 3 m. and f. ; 
exltus 4 ; eventus 4. 

(b) incident, res 5 ; eventus 4 ; casus 4 ; 
I vices 3 f. pi. 

I Ep. luckv, unluckv, sad, joyous, &c. 
' EVENTFUL — adj., memdrSbills, 
mimdrandus. 

EVENTIDE— subst. See EvEsmo. 

EVER— adv. 

(a) at all times, semper, perpStuo, Eter- 
num, nunquam nan (not Twn nun- 
quam), usqug (lit. all along). 

Phr., In Eternum, In omnS tempus. In 
omnes dnnos (for ever). 

(b) at any time, unquam preceded by a 
negative except in questions direct 
and indirect, and in conditional 
clauses ; qudndo preceded by si. 

(c) Phr., as soon as ever, quum primum, 
simul dc, simul dtquS. 

(d) ever a ; he had not ever a friend, 
here ever a = any. 

(e) interrogative, ecqudndo? 
EVERFLOWING— adj., jugts (H.), 

perennis. 

EVERGREEN— adj. 

Phr., semper virens or viridis; per- 
haps perpetuus, pSrennis, nunquam 
cdducus, &c. 

EVERGREEN— subst., perhaps lau- 
riis 2 and 4 f. 

EVERLASTING— adj. /See Eternal. 

EVERLASTINGLY— adv. .See Eter- 
nally. 

EVERMORE — adv. = always, q. v. 

EVERY— adj., omnis. 

Phr.. nullm non (not non nulliis). 

EVERY-DAY — adj. = common (&), 
q. V. 

EVERY DAY— adv. = daily, q. v. 

EVERY YEAR— adv. = yearlv, q. v. 

EVERYWHERE— adv., ubiqu'g, ubi- 
cunqiie. 

EVIDENCE — subst., dScumentum 2; 
drgumentnm 2. 

EVIDENT — adj., certus, virus, manl- 
festus, cldrus. 

Phr., non dubius. 



EVIL 



( 118 ) 



EXCLAIM 



EVII^adj. 

(a) maliis, prdvGs, imprdbus, vUlosiis, 
gcSlSrdtus, ndcens, noxlug, scSlestus, 
iiffdndus, pernlciosus. 

(b) miserable, mlsSr, tristls, miestus, 
lugubris, in/elix, infdmstm, Jlebllls, fu- 
nestus. 

EVIL — adv., mal^, prdve. 

"EVIL— subst. 
(o) wickedness, malum 2 ; septus 3 n. ; 

nff/ds (only nom., ace, and voc.) ; 

culpa 1 ; vltium 2 ; delictum 2 ; fldgi- 

tlum 2 ; pidcSlum 2 ; f acinus 3 n. ; 

crimen 3 n. ; commissum 2 ; ddmis- 

8um 2 ; implStds 3 f . ; Imprdbitds 3 f . ; 

7idxa 1 ; peccdtum 2. Cf., too, Ov. 

Trist. ii. 257 : si qua est studtosu 

sinisfri, if any is bent on evil. 

Ep. awful, monstrous, base, unheard 
of, &c. 
(6) misfortune, malum 2 ; dMdr 3 m. ; 

labdr 3 m. ; serumna 1 ; ddmnum 2 ; 

clddes 3 f. ; ddversa 2 pi. ; cdsus 4 ; 

sometimes pestis 3 f. ; perriiciSs 5. 

Ep. grievous, undeserved, lasting, 
&c. 

EVIL-DOEE— subst. Eenderby adj., 
e.g. imprdbus, malm, implus, perfidUs. 

EVIL-EYED— adj. 
(a) in literal sense render by verb, 

fdsclno 1. 
(6) malignant, invidiis, mMlignus. 

EVILLY — adv. = evil, adv., q. v. 

EVIL-MINDED— adj., maligniis, in- 
vldus, livldus, infestus. 

EVIL-SPEAKING— subst. = slander, 
q. V. 

EVINCE, to — V. act. = to show, q. v. 

EVOKE, to — ^v. act., evdso 1 ; drcesso 
3 ; dcclo 4 ; vSco 1 ; ddvSco 1 ; exclo 4 ; 
Bometimes excito 1, suscito 1. 

EWE— subst., dvis 3 f. ; bdluns 3 f. ; 
htdens 3 f. 

Ep. timid, patient, fleecy, &c. 

EWEK— subst., urcSus 2 (H.) ; urcSd- 
lus 2 (Juv.). 

EXACT — adj., rlgldus, durus, sSverus. 

EXACT, to — V. act., postulo 1 ; poscO 
3 ; r?posco 3 ; exposed 3 ; exigo 3 ; 
fldg'itd 1. 

EXAGGEEATE, to— v. act., aug^o 2. 

EXALT, to — V. act., tollo 3, irr. ; 
dttollo 3 ; extollo 3, irr. ; ertgo 3 ; eferu, 
irr. ; evehd 3 ; edited 3 ; prdmo 3. 



EXALTED — adj., sOblimls, nobills, 
dltus, insignis. 

EXAMINE, to— V. act., scrHtdr 1; 
inspictd 3 ; perspicld 3 ; quserd 3 ; 
exdmino 1 ; expldrd 1. 

EXAMPLE — subst., exemplum 2 ; 
exemplar 3 n. (H.) ; spfcles 5 ; imdgd 3. 
You can often omit the word in Latin, 
e.g. he imitates the example of his 
brave sire, = he imitates his brave 
sire. 

Ep. illustrious, weighty, grievous, 
base, &c. 

EXASPERATE, to — v. act. = to 
enrage, q. v. 

EXCAVATE, to— V. act., cavo 1 ; 
effSd'id 3 ; fOdlo 3. 

EXCEED, to — V. act., supSro 1 ; ex- 
supfru 1 ; jyrEti'rSd 4, irr. 

EXCEEDING, EXCEEDINGLY — 
adv. = very. Usually rt;nder by super- 
lative, e.g. exceeding ia.\r=pulcherri- 
ma. 

EXCEL, to — V. act., supSro 1 ; ex- 
sup^ro 1 ; vincd 3 ; prsevertd 3 ; prse- 
currd 3; prEstd 1. 

EXCELLENT— adj., prsestdns, egrS- 
giiis, eximXus, insignis, optlmus. 

EXCEPT— prep., prxiSr. 

EXCEPT — conj., nisi, ni, qudntum 
ndn, exceptd quiid, prseterquam. 

EXCESS — subst. Render by adj., 
e.g. excess of wine, nlmlum or immSdl- 
cum m?rum ? See Excessive. 

EXCESSIVE— adj., nlmius, tmmddl- 
cUs, immOdSrdtus. 

Phr., to be excessive, mSdum ezce- 
dfr? or prEtSrirS. 

EXCHANGE, to— v. act., mutd 1; 
permutd 1 ; paciscdr 3. 

Phr., dlterno (1) vices (Ov.) ; rgparo 
l = to take in exchange. 

EXCHANGE — subst. Render by 
verb or participle, e.g. let us make an 
exchange of shields, muteinus clyp^ds. 

EXCITE, to — V. act., excito 1 ; incito 
1 ; suscito 1 ; cl^d 2 ; conclto 1 ; rvco 1 ; 
evdcd 1 ; stimulo 1 ; exstlmuld 1 ; im- 
pelld 3 ; Scud 3 ; exacud 3 ; dccendd 3 ; 
Urged 2 ; exsuscltd 1. 

EXCITED — adj., dccensus, trSpldUs. 

EXCLAIM, to — V. neut., cldmd 1 ; 
excldmd 1 ; vdciferor 1. 

Phr., cldmorem, vdcem, si^nltum, &c. ; 
edd 3 ; clfd 2 ; tdlld, irr. ; dd 1, &c. 



EXCLUDE 



( 119 ) 



EXPEND 



EXCLTTDE, to— v. act., exdudo 3; 
expello 3 ; ejicio 3 ; drc^o 2 ; pello 3 ; 
prdhlbio 2 ; dverto 3 ; exlmo 3. 

EXCULPATE, to— V. act. = to clear 
(fc), q. V. 

EXCUSABLE — adj., excusabilis. 

Phr., vSnla dignus. 

EXCUSE, to — V. act. 
(o) to pardon, tgnosco 3 ; excuso 1 ; 

pared 3. 
(b) to remit, r^mitto 3. 

EXCUSE— subst. 

(a) plea, causa 1. 

Phr., to make excuse or to offer as 
an excuse, causdr 1 act. and neut. 
Ep. weighty, pious, false, true, &c. 

(b) pardon, vSnla 1. 

Ep. just, well-deserved, &c. 

EXECRABLE — adj. = accursed, q. v. 

EXECRATE, to — v. act. = to curse, 
q. V. 

EXECUTE, to— V. act. 
(a) to do, ago 3; faclo 3; pffrago 3; 

perflclo 3 ; cdpesso 3 ; exsSqudr 3. 
(6) to put to death. See Kill, to. 

EXECUTIONER — subst., carnlfex 
3 m. 

Ep. stem, axe-bearing, dread, &c. 

EXEMPT, to — V. act., exlmo 3; 
exciplo 3 ; excerpo 3 (H.). 

EXEMPT — adj., immunis, liher, 
expers, sOlutus, vacuus, vacdns. 

EXERCISE, to— V. act. 
(o) to train, exercSo 2; institud 3; 

erudlo 4. 
(6) to exert, q. v. 

EXERCISE — subst., laWr 3 m.; 
sometimes sudSr 3 m. 

Ep. moderate, excessive, daily, &c. 

EXERT, to — ^v. act., profero, irr. ; 
exercSo 2; utdr 3; promo 3; exp^ridr 
4 ; ostendd 3. 

Phr., to exert oneself = to endeavour, 
conOr 1 ; nltdr 3 ; tenio 1. 

EXHALE, to — V. act., lidlo 1 ; spiro 
1 ; exspiro 1 ; edo3 ; emitto 3 ; exhald 1. 

EXHAUST, to— V. act. 

(a) to drain, q. v. 

(b) to weary, conficlo 3 ; debilUo 1 ; 
frdngo 3 ; prSmo 3 ; fatlgo 1 ; Idsso 1 ; 
delusso 1 (H.). 
EXHAUSTED— adj., fessiis, defessus, 

confectus, frdcttis, debtlis, fatigdtus, 
segSr, Idssfis, deficient, Idnguidus, Idn- 
gtiens, de/ectus, sometimes effetus. 



EXHIBIT, to— V. act. = to display, 
q. V. 

EXHILARATE, to— v. act. = to 
cheer (a), q. v. 

EXHORT, to— v. act. 

(a) hortdr 1 ; exhortdr 1 ; suadSo 2 ; 
tndnSo 2 ; adrndnSo 2. 

(b) See Excite, to. 
EXILE— subst. 

(a) banishment, exsilium 2 ; fugS, 1. 

Phr., to be in exile, exsulo 1. 

Ep. sad, lasting, distant, undeserved, 
&c. 
(6) a banished man, exsul 3 m. ; pr8- 

fugus 2. 

Ep. wandering, melancholy, &c. 

EXILE, to — v. act., ejiclo 3 ; pello 3 ; 
expello 3 ; rSlego 1 ; abigo 3. 

EXILED — adj., extorrls, prSfugUs, 
ejectus, expulsus, pulsus, rSlegatus, abdc- 
tiis. 

EXIST, to — V. neut., sum, irr. 

EXISTENCE — subst., sometimes vita 
1. Often translate by verb. 

EXIT— subst. 

(a) = the act of going out, exltus 4 ; 
egressus 4. 

Ep. easy, swift, &c. 

(b) = door, q. v. 

EXORCISE, to — V. act., perhaps 
fugo 1 ; pello 3. 

EXPAND, to — ^v. act., pdndo 3; ex- 
pdndo 3 ; extendo 3 ; tendo 3 ; expllco 1. 

EXPANSE— subst. 
(o) of heaven, IndnS 3 n. or indnla; 

ccelum 2 ; spatid 2 ; trdctus 4. 
(6) of sea. Use xquih- 3 n. ; ocSanus 2 ; 

mdrm^ 3 ; trdctus 4. 

Phr., vdstum maris sequSr (3 n.), marls 
trdctus (Verg. Eel. iv. 51). 

Ep. vast, infinite, liquid, pathless, 
serene, &c. 

EXPECT, to— V. act. 
(a) spero 1 ; expecto 1. 
(6) await, mango 2 ; expecto 1 ; oppS- 

riSr 4. 

EXPEDIENT— adj., itllis. 

Phr., it is expedient, expffdit 4 ; pro- 
dest, irr. ; convlfnit 4. 

EXPEDITION— subst., Itffr 3 n. 

EXPEL, to — V. act., pello 3 ; expello 
3 ; fugo 1 ; abigo 3 ; depello 3 ; ejlcXo 3 ; 
egSrd 3. 
1 EXPEND, to — V. act., dbsumo 3. 



EXPENSE 



^. 120 ) 



EXTINCT 



EXPENSE — subst., impensd 1 ; sump- 
tUs 4. 

Phr., at my expense, prStlo mSo (Ov. 
A. A. ii. 172). 

Ep. reckless, scanty, foolish, royal, 
&c. 

EXPENSIVE — adj., sumptuosus, prS- 
tloms, car us. 

EXPERIENCE— subst., uiUs 4; ex- 
pSrientla 1. 

Ep. hard, brief, gradual, new, &c. 

EXPERIENCE, to— v. act., pdtidr 3 ; 
suWo 4, irr. ; expi'rldr 4. 

EXPERIENCED— adj., dodus, pSrl- 
ttts, prudens, sciens, experiens. 

Phr., haild igndrus, haud inscXens. 

EXPERIMENT — subst. Translate 
by verb, expMdr 4 ; tento 1 = 1 make 
an experiment. 

EXPERT — adj., jjg'rKus, doctus, sctens, 
svllers, cdUldus. 

EXPIATE, to — ^v. a.ct.,plo 1 ; expW 1 ; 
pur go 1 ; luo 3. 

EXPIATION — subst., pidculum 2; 
pldmSn 3 n. 

Ep. complete, tardy, just, &c. 

EXPIRE, to — ^v. act. = to exhale, q. v. 

V. neut. = to die, q. v. 

EXPLAIN, to — V. act., expllco 1 ; 
icolro 3 ; dpSrio 4 ; pdndo 3 ; edlssiro 3. 

EXPLICIT — adj. — clear, q. v. 

EXPLODE, to — V. act., tdno 1; vn- 
t6no 1 ; dlssillo 4 ; dlssulto 1. 

EXPLOIT— subst., faclnug 3 n. 

Phr., res gesta. HerculSx fdctd rS- 
ferrS manus = to relate the exploits of 
Hercules. Sometimes labor es 3 m. pi. ; 
ausa 2 pi. 

Ep. unheard-of, illustrious, danger- 
ous, praiseworthy, &c. 

EXPLORE, to — V. act., exploro 1; 
vestigo 1 ; lustro 1. 

EXPLOSION — subst., /ragr«r 3 m. ; 
strSpltus 4. 

Ep. sudden, violent, deadly, &c. 

EXPORT, to— V. act., evSho 3 ; eff^ro, 
irr.; exports 1. 

EXPOSE, to— V. act. 
(a) to lay open, detlgo 3 ; pat?fdclo 3 ; 

pdndo 3 ; apSrio 4 ; nudo 1 ; ostendo 

3 ; rScludo 3 ; rStSgo 3 ; manifesto 1 ; 

monstro 1 ; sometimes rSvelo 1. 
(Jf) to expose to danger, death, &c., 

oppono 3 ; expono 3 ; ohjtclo 3 ; oh- 

jecto 1 ; offSro, irr. ; dd\; trddo 3. 



EXPOSED to — adj. = liable to, o6- 
noxlus, and past participles of verbs 
under " to expose " (6). 

EXPOUND, to— V. act. = to explain, 
q. V. 

EXPRESS, to— V. act. 
(a) to represent, effingo 3 ; exprlmo 3 ; 

simulo 1 ; ImitSr 1. 
(6) to declare, q. v. 

EXPRESSION— subst., (of the face) 
habitus 4 ; spScles 5 ; sometimes vultus 
4 ; dculi 2 pi. ; frons 3 f. ; fdcies 5. 

Ep. gentle, kind, fierce, threatening, 
&c. 

EXPRESSIVE- adj. (of a face, look, 
&c.) Idqudx. Idquens, drgutus. 

EXPULSION— subs., fugS 1 ; exsl- 
lium 2. 

Ep. just, unjust, &c. 

EXPUNGE, to— V. act. = to blot out, 
q. V. 

EXQUISITE— adj. 

(a) in good sense, praestdns, egr^glus, 
exlmlus, inslgnls. 

(b) in bad sense, summus, acerbus, acu- 
tus, immodicus, immdnis, nimlus. 
EXSUDE, to — V. neut., sudo 1 ; mdno 

1 ; exsudo 1 ; stillo 1 ; destillo 1 ; roro 1 ; 
flud3. 

V. act., /undo 3; sudo 1; stillo 

1 ; lacrimo 1. 

EXTEND, to — V. act., augSo 2 ; pro- 
f^ro, irr. ; tendo 3 ; extendo 3 ; proten- 
do3. 

Phr., to extend the hand, porrlgo 3 ; 
to extend pardon, iSnlam do 1 ; ignosco 3. 

V. neut., patSo 2 ; producdr 3 ; 

porrigSr 3. 

EXTENDED— adj. = stretched out, 
p6rrectu>-. e-rtemiis, stratus. 

EXTENSIVE— adj. = wide, q. v. 

EXTENT — subst., spatlum 2. See 
Expanse. 

Ep. wide, smiling, visible, &c. 

EXTENUATE, to — v.^ct., mlnOo 3 ; 
att^niid 1 ; extfnuo 1. 

EXTERIOR— adf. = outward, q. v. 

EXTERMINATE, to— v. act., ex«dn- 
do 3; exchlo 3 ; deJ?o 2 ; pffrimo 3 ; 
perdo 3 ; ahSlSo 2 ; extinguo 3 ; toUo 3, 
irr. 

EXTERNAL— adj. = outward, ex- 
tSrus, exteniiis, ext^ridr. 

EXTINCT — adj., extlnctSs, exnsus 
deletus, peremptus, perdltus. 



EXTINGUISH 



( 121 ) 



FACILITY 



EXTINGUISH, to— V. act. 
(a) of fire, exstliiguo 3 ; redlnguo 3 ; 

comprimo 3 ; obrud 3 ; compegco 3 ; 

f^edo 1. 
(J)) to extermiuate, q. v. 

EXTIEPATE, to— V. act. = to ex- 
t rminate, q. v. 

EXTOL, to — V. act. = to praise, Imido 

1 ; collaudo 1 ; cSlebro 1 ; tSllo, irr. ; 
extollo 3. 

Phr., luu(M or laudibus effero (irr.) 
et-elio (3) tdllo (irr.) &c. 

EXTORT, to — V. act., extorquSo 2 
(H.) ; exprlmo 3. 

EXTEACT, to — V. act., extraho 3; 
iraho 3 ; edited 3. 

EXTEAORDINAEY— adj., insOlUus, 
egrfgius, mlrus, miruhills, ddmlrabills, 
in^uetm, tn(i><suetus. 

EXTRAVAGANT — adj., prodlgus 
(Juv., H.), luxuriosus, imdx ; some- 
times n?pds. 

EXTREME — adj., extremus, ultlmus, 
I'limmm, mu-rlmua. 

EXTREME — subst. Translate by 
adj., e.g. summiis dOl&r (3 m.), the 
extreme of pain. 

EXTREMITY— subst. 
(a) end («), q. v. 
(6) extreme, subst., q. v. 

EXTRICATE, to— v. act., expSdlo 4 ; 
extrlco 1 ; sdJrd 3 ; libgro 1 ; exlmo 3. 

EXUBERANCE- subst., copla 1 ; vis 
3f. 

Ep. rich, bounteous, &c. 

EXUBERANT— adj., Idrgus, abun- 
dant, luxurlfins, luxurloms. 

EXUDE, to — V. act. See Exsude, to. 

EXULT, to — V. neut., 6vo 1 ; trlumpho 
1 ; exsultu 1 ; superbio 4 ; IxtSr 1 ; 
gdmd?d 2. 

EYE— subst., dculiis 2 ; lumSn 3 n. ; 
ocellus 2. Often translated by visits 4 ; 
(ispeetus 4 ; obtutus 4 ; Seles 5. 

Ep. bright, angry, kind, threaten- 
ing, &c. 

EYE, to — V. act., specto 1 ; Intuffdr 

2 ; observo 1 ; contemplSr 1 ; spSculdr 1. 
See See, to. 

EYEBALL — subst., pupuld 1. 
EYEBROW— subst., superctllum 2. 
EYELASH — subst., cillum 2 (no au- 
thority). 

EYELESS — adj., caecUs. See Blind. 



EYELID— subst., pdlpebra 1 (Lu- 
cret.). 

EYESIGHT— subst., visUs 4 ; Seles 5. 

Ep. keen, dull, aged, &c. 

EYE-WITNESS— subst., testis 3 m. ; 
arbiter 2. 

Ep. veracious, joyous, horror-struck, 
&c. 

EYOT — subst., a small island, insSla 
1. 

Ep. grassy, girt by water, small, &c. 

EY^RY — subst., nidus 2 ; ddmus 2 and 
4 f., irr. 

Ep. aerial, mountain, inaccessible, 
&c. 



FABLE— subst., fabiila 1 ; fdbellS 1 
(H.). 

Ep. false, ancient, sad, merry, old 
wife's (didlis), &c. 

FABLED— adj., fi'ibulosus, cglSbSr. 

Phr., fdmd iiv^lgnU, twtus, &c. 

FABRIC— subst. = building, xdes 3 
f. ; tectum 2 ; ddrnus 2 and 4 f. 

Ep. loftv, tottering, &c. 

FABRICATE, to— v. act., fingd 3 ; 
slmulu 1 ; mentldr 4. 

FABULOUS— adj. 

(a) fabled, q. v. 

(b) false, fdlsus, fictiis, menddx, vdnug, 
fdlldx. 

FACE— subst. 
(a) fades 5; ds 3 n. ; vultus 4. Often 

render by particular parts of the 

face, e.g. frons 3 f . ; Seuli 2 ; lumlna 

3 n. pi. ; ggnse 1 pi. ; Idbra 2 pi. ; 

lobelia 2 pi. ; or by visas 4 ; dspectus 4 ; 

obtutus 4. 

Ep. A. joyous, modest, smiling, rosy, 
noble, &c. B. ugly, grim, insolent, 
threatening, &c. 
(6) of the sea or land. See Surface. 

(c) face to face. Use adj., ddverst, 
oppdsiti. 

FACE, to — V. act. = to encounter, 
V. act. and neut. 

FACECLOTH— subst., perhaps sindmi 
3 f. (Mart.). 

Ep. funereal, &c. 

FACETIOUS — adj., jdcusUs, dlcdx 
(H.), sdMs (H.), l^pldus (H.). 

FACILE — adj. = easy, q. v. 

FACILITY— ^subst.= ease (c), q. V. 



FACT 



( 122 ) 



FAITHFULLY 



FACT— subst., res 5 ; factum 2. 

Phr., in fact = in reality, quidem. 

Ep. strange, wondrous, joyous, sad, 
&c. 

TACTION— subst., partes 3 f. pi. ; 
fiometimes use signd 2 pi. (standards) ; 
eastra 2 pi. (camp). 

Ep. seditious, bloody, threatening, 
&c. 

FACTIOUS— adj., dlscors, rebellls. 

FADE, to — V. neut. = to wither, 
mdrcSo 2 ; languid 2 ; Idnguesco 3 ; de- 
ficlo 3 ; rSldnguIo 2 ; sOccldd 3 ; mdr- 
eesco 3 ; rdresco 3 ; to fade from view, 
evanesco 3. 

FADELESS— adj. See Evergreen. 

FADING — adj., evdnidus; perhaps 
mar culm. 

FAGOT — subst., perhaps llgnd 2 pi. ; 
rdmdlia 3 pi. ; sometimes virgm 1 pi., 
ifnus 3 n., fdscis 3 m. 

Phr., rdmSa. frdgmenta 2 pi. 

Ep. dry, collected, daily, &c. 

FAIL, to — V. neut. 
(o) to be wanting, desum, irr., deflcio 

3 ; defio, irr. 

Phr., non or muU sufflclt. 
(&) to fail to do. Often rendered by 

the negative, e.g. I fail to see = I 

see not. 
(c) not to succeed. 

Phr., non succedo (3), successu car^o 
(2), but must often be dilfereutly ren- 
dered by an adverb, e.g. he tried, but 
lie failed, /rMsfra tentdvit. 

V. act., deflcio 3; destlt&o 3; 

faUo 3 ; declpio 3. 

See also the v. neut. (a). 

FAILUBE — subst., perhaps cdsus 4, 
or res ma^jes^, but there is no equiva- 
lent word. = rejection, r^pulsd 1. 

FAIN — adj. = joyful, q. v. 

FAIN — adj. = willing. (I would 
fain = I wish.) See Wish, to. 

FAINT, to — V. neut., IdnguSo 2 ; de- 
flcio 3 ; collabSr 3 ; linquSr 3 ; exdldo 
3; rSlentesco 3 = to grow faint (of 
love). 

FAINT— adj. 
(a) Idnguidus, debills, IdssUs, fessus, de- 

fessus, deflclens, coUdpsus. 
(6) of sound, tSnuls, pdrvus. 

FAINTHEAKTED — adj. = coward, 
q. V. 

FAINTING— adj. See Faint (a). 



FAINTLY — adv., vix, segre, mdlg. 

FAIE— adj. 
(o) beautiful, pulcMr, formosus, vSnm- 

tus (Cat.), dlc&rus, dScens, spi^cl6su.<, 

hdnestus, nltldiis, spectdbllls. 
(h) of weather, sSrenus, trdnquUlm, 

placldus, IXquldus, lucldus. 

(c) prosperous, sScundus, favens, fau"- 
tus, sometimes suus, e.g. ventls IturuA 
non siiis = not sailing with a fair 
wind. 

(d) just, Justus, xquus, rectus, prdbui^, 
hdnestus, int(g?r, inndcens. 

(e) Phr., to sptak fair, molllo 4 ; len'io 
4 ; pldco 1 ; mulcSo 2. 

FAIB — subst. = a fair or beautiful 
woman, pulchra puella 1, &c. 

FAIR — subst. = market. Use f drum 
2 ; macellum 2 (H., Mart.) ; more often 
festum 2 (festival), cUncursus 4, frc- 
quentla 1, turbo. 1, with suitable epi- 
thets. 

Ep. thronged, noisy, joyous, &c. 

FAIELY— adv., recte, Mn^. 

FAIBY — subst. Use names of 
nymphs, e.g. DryadSs, HamddryadSs 3 
f. (wood nymphs) ; NaldSs or NdladSs 
3 f. (water nymplis) ; NereldSs 3 f. (sea 
nymphs); OreadHs 3 f. (mountain 
nymphs). 

Ep. agile, flying, nocturnal, &c. 

FAIRYLANl) — subst. _ May bo 
variously rendered, e.g. Elysium n?- 
mus 3 n. (the Elysian grove) ; Tempi 
3 n. pi. (a happy valley); Nymphdrum 
sides 3 f. ; silva 1 ; sdltus 4, &c. ; Ne- 
rSldum ddmus 2 and 4 f. ; b^dta drva 

2 pi. ; bPdtse insulse 1 pi., &c. 
FAITH— subst. 

(a) belief, /rde« 5. 

Ep. sure, undoubting, &c. 

(b) trust, fides 5; fiducla 1. 
Ep. sure, vain, &c. 

(c) trustworthiness, fides 5 ; pr6bitd>f 

3 f. ; vlrtm 3 f 

Ep. sure, unstained, lasting, up- 
conquered, &c. 
FAITHFUL— adj. 

(a) loyal, fidus, fidells, constdns. 

(b) true, fidus, virus, cirtus, imperjurd- 
tus. 

TA.1TBJTJLLY—Sidy., fldeliter, some- 
times patlentSr. 



FAITHFULNESS 



( 123 ) 



FAMINE 



FAITHFULNESS— subst.=: faith (c), 
q. V. 

FAITHLESS— adj., Infldus. infidells, 
per/idus, perjurus, fdlldx, fahug, ddlo- 
SU8, iSvls. 

Plir., malff fidus, parumfidm, &c. 

FAITHLESSNESS— subst., perfidXa 

1 ; perjurla 2 pi. ; dulua 2 ; fraus 

3 f. 

Ep. base, unexpected, &c. 

FALCHION— subst. = sword, q. v. 

Ep. keen, cruel, hostile, &c. 

FALCON— subst., dcclptter 3. 

FALCONEB — subst., perhaps dccipi- 
trum cmtoa (3 m. and f.) or mdgistSr 2 
or cum 1 (rare). 

FALL, to — V. neut. 
(a) cado 3 ; concido 3 ; decido 3 ; pro- 

cido 3; Idb&r 3; colldhdr 3; ruo 3; 

corruo 3 ; prOcumho 3 ; sometimes 

fliio 3. Of the wind, pond 3 ; of the 

sea, rScumho 3. 
(6) to die, q. v. Use also the words 

above with participle or adj., e.g. 

ProcubuU mdriens, &c. 

(c) to fall to = to bef al, dccido 3 ; 
ev^nio 4 ; contlngo 3 (in good sense). 

(d) to fall back, rScedo 3. 

(e) to fall out = to quarrel, rixdr 1 ; 
certo 1. 

(/) to fall short = to fail (a), q. v. 
(^) to fall short of. Translate by 

negative, e.g. the spear fell short of 

the mark, metam non dttlglt Jidstd. 
(h) to fall upon. 1. = to attack, q. v. 

2. = to find (a) q. v. 3 = to strive, 

q. V. 

FALL — subst. 
(o) casus 4 ; ruiiia 1 ; lapsus 4. 

Ep. headlong, deadly, huge, &c. 
(6) of water, dejectus 4 ; casus 4. 

Phr., aqua (1) deslUens. 

Ep. foaming, headlong, white, &c. 
(c) Autumn, q. v. 

FALLEN — adj., caducus, illdpsus ; 
sometimes eversus. 

FALLOW— subst., ndvdll 3 n. ; ndvd- 

zr«3f. 

Ep. tilled, untilled, fertile, barren, 
upland, level, &c. 

FALLOW — adj., rSquletus, cessdtus, 
Iners. 

FALSE— adj. 
(a) faithless, infidus, Infldelts, per- 



fldus, perjurus, fdlsiis, fdlldx, menddx, 

ddlosus. 

Phr., malff or parum fidUs, blllnguis. 
(b) untrue, fdlsiis, fdlldx, menddx, men,' 

titus, flctus, commentus. 

Phr., non verus ; sometimes adulter. 

FALSEHOOD— subst., menddclum 2 ; 
perjurla 2 pi. ; commentum 2. 

Ep. base, secret, useless, &c. 

FALSIFY, to — ^v. act., corrumpo 3,' 
vUid 1. 

FALTEE, to— v. neut., dubito I; 
liserfo 2 ; fluctuo 1 ; fliiito 1 (H.) ; 
pendSo 2 ; deftclo 3 ; tltuho 1 ; labo 1 ', 
cesso 1. 

FAME— subst. _ 
(a) renown,/a?n« 1 ; laus 3 f. ; gloria 1 ; 

nomSn 3 n. ; dScus 3 n. ; h&nSr 3 m. ; 

notltla 1. 

Ep. illustrious, brief, lasting, de- 
served, ancient, &c. 
(6) report, fdm^ 1 ; rum^r 3 m. ; serma 

3 m. 

Ep. new, unheard-of, idle, true, &c. 

FAMED — adj., clarus, illustrts, inclp' 
tiis, dPcorus, prsecldriis, insignis, laudd' 
bills, TUiSm/irdbills, cSlebSr, nobllls. May 
sometimes be rendered by iW, e.g. ills' 
vlr, that famous man. 

Phr., to become famed, innotesco 3. 
Cf . vdlltdrS pSr ord vlrum (Enn.). 

FAMILIAR— adj. 

(a) intimate, notus, cdnjunctus. 

(b) accustomed, notus, sdlltus, suetus, 
consuetus, dssuetus. Often rendered 
by ill^, e.g. iW sijnus, that familiar 
sound. 

FAMILY— subst. 

(a) ddmus 2 and 4 f. 

(b) descendants, ddmus 2 and 4 f . j 
gens 3 f. ; stirps 3 f . ; prSpago 3 f . ; 
proles 3 f . ; progenies 5 ; nSpotes 
3 m. pi. ; sdnguls 3 m. ; gSnus 3 n. ; 
ndti 2 pi. ; mlnores 3 m. pi. 

Ep. coming, late, abundant, power- 
ful, &c. 

(c) ancestors, patres 3 m. pi. ; avi 2 pi. ; 
majores 3 m. pi. ; prdavi 2 pi. ; atari 
2 pi. [&c. 
Ep. ancient, illustrious, honourable, 
FAMINE — subst., /ames 3 f. ; Sgestds 

3f. 

Phr., Sdemlt penurld 1. 

Ep. dire, ugly, ill-counselling (malS- 
suddd), &c. 



FAMISH 



( 124 ) 



FARMHOUSE 



FAMISH, to— V. act. Plir., = to 
kill by hunger, fanOi nScdrS, &c. 

FAMISHED — adj., impdstus, jejunus, 
esuriens, arldus. 

FAMOUS — adj. See Famed. 

FAN — subst. 
^a) fldbellum 2 (Prop., Mart.) ; tdbella 

(Ov. Am. III. ii. 38). 

Ep. light, painted, womanly, &c. 
(b) winnowing fan, vannug 2 f. 

Ep. rustic, mystic {see Verg. Ckorg. 
i. 166), moved, &c. 

FAN, to — V. act., ventllo 1 ; perhaps 
recrSo 1 ; r?ficlo 3. 

FANCIFUL— adj. 
(ji) of persons, perhaps varlm, mutd- 

hllis, mobills, iSvU. 

(b) of things, perhaps fdlsus, fdlldx, 
sometimes jdeosus. 

FANCY— subst. 

^a) No exact Latin equivalent. Per- 
haps you may use mens 3 f., mentis 
imago 3 f., species 5 ; sometimes 
somnia 2 pi., mintis dffectus 4, or 
motus 4. 
Ep. roaming, idle, inspired, &c. 

(bi) caprice, iSvltds 3 f . ; inconstdntla 1 ; 
sometimes llhldd 3 f. (H.), vSluntds 
3f. 

Phr., mMbilitds (3 f.) animi or ingSnil. 
Ep. vain, foolish, &c. 

(c) false ideas, perhaps somnia 2 pi. ; 
imago (3 f.) vdna. 

Ep. feigned, vain, &c. 

FANCY, to — V. act., fingo 3; con- 
cipio 3 ; credo 3. 

Phr., fancy that you see, fingS 
riderg; fancy that you wish, /ac vellS. 

FANCY-FREE— adj.. Integer. 

FANE — subst. = temple, q. v. 

FANG — subst., dens 3 m. 

FANGED — adj., perhaps dentdtus. 

FANTASTIC— adj. 
^o) fanciful (a), q. v. 
(6) imaginary, strange, perhaps fictiis, 

comrtientus. 
^ Phr., fantastic shapes, monstra 2 pi. ; 
nbva monstra 2 pi. 

FANTASY — subst. = fancy, q. v. 

FAR— adv. 
^o) far oft', prdcul, longe, longius, emlnus 

(from afar) ; or by the adj., q. v. 

Phr., longo intervdllo, spdtio interpS- 
jsito, &c. 
Q)) by far, multo, longe. 



(c) Phr., so far, hdct^nus, adhuc ; as 
far as, usquS dd, adusqu?; as far as I 
can, qud licSt St possum (Ov. Her. 
xvi. 235. Cf. Am. ii. xviii. 35 ; in. 
viii. 51). 
FAR — adj. = distant, rSwdtiis, semo- 

tus, dlstdns, longinquus, rSpostus, sepa- 

rdtus. 
FARCE — subst., mlmus 2. 
Ep. jocose, witty, saucy, &c. 
FARCICAL — "adj., rldiculus (H., 

Juv.), rtdendus. 

FARDEL — subst. = burden 1. 
FARE, to — V. neut. 

(a) to travel or to go, q. v. 

(6) Phr., to fare ill or well, m^U or 
bSnS VIVO 3, rem gSro 3. See Ad- 
versity ; Fail, to ; Prosper, to ; 
Succeed, to, &c. 
FARE — subst. _ 

(a) passage money, nauhim 2 (Juv.). 
Phr., prHlum vShendi, may be used 

of fare for any journey. 
Ep. excessive, small, &c. 

(b) food, cihus 2 ; victiis 4 ; allmentum 2 ; 
esed 1 ; sometimes dupes 3 f . pi. ; 
SpSlse 1 pi. ; caend 1. 

Ep. simple, sumptuous, healthful, 
&c. 

FAREWELL — adv., vale, vdlgds, or 
vdlete (pi.) _ 

Phr., farewell for ever, seternum or 
In seternum vale. So also in plural, 
estS sdlutdti tempus in omnS niihl. Vale 
is also used as an indeclinable substan- 
tive, e.g. supremum vale dixit = he 
uttered a last farewell ; vale dido, hav- 
ing bid farewell. 

FAREWELL — adj., (e.g. a farewell 
glance) uUimus, supremus, summits ; 
farewell words, nSvUsimd verba. 

FARM — subst., fundus 2 ; agSr 2 ; 
agellus 2 ; rus 3 n. ; juggrd 3 n. pi. ; 
prsedium 2 (H.). 

Ep. fertile, large, scanty, barren, &c. 

FARM, to — V. act., cOlo 3 ; dro 1. 

Phr., urdtro, ligonS, verto (3), exercSo 

(2). 

FARMER — subst., cdlonus 2 ; rustl- 
cus 2 ; ugrlcold 1 m. ; agrestis 3 m. ; 
ruricdld 1 m. [&c. 

Ep. sturdy, honest, joyful, laborious, 

FARMHOUSE— subst., cdsd 1. 

Phr., rusticd tecta (2 pi.), dgricSlsB 
sedes (3 f.), dOmus (2 and 4), &c. 



FARMYARD 



( 125 ) 



FATHER 



FARMYAED — subst., c6h&rs 3 f . ; 
chors 3 f. (Mart.); sometimes dabula 
2 pi., prsesepS 3 n., aula 1. 

Ep. noisy, full of poultry, &c. ; 
fenced in, &c. 

FAR-OFF— adj. See Fak, adj. 

FAR-OFF— adv. See Fak (a). 

FARRIER— subst. Use fabSr 2. 

Ep. dexterous, diligent, &c. 

FARTHER — adv., Imgius, ultMus, 
ultra. 

FARTHER— adj., uWridr. 

FARTHEST — adj., superl., ultXmus, 
extremus, &c. 

FARTHING— subst. Use slips 3 f. ; 
a« 3 m. (Cat., H.). 

Ep. cheap, tiny, &c. 

FASCINATE, to— v. act. 
(a) fdscind 1 ; bldndtdr 4 ; perhaps fdlld 

3 ; decipto 3 ; capiu 3 ; corripio 3. 
(6) to allure, cdpto 1 ; allicio 3 ; illd- 

quSo 1 ; pellicio 3. 

FASHION— subst. 
(a) appearance, forma 1 ; spScies 5. 

Ep. strange, new, &c. 
(6) custom, mos 3 m. ; usus 4. 

Phr., to set the fashion of, ddcSo 2 or 
instituo 3, with infinitive. 

Ep. rustic, ancestral, unwonted, &c. 

FASHION, to — V. act., faclo 3, con- 
flcto 3, fingo 3 ; fabrlco 1 ; formo 1 ; 
excudo 3 ; flguro 1. « 

FAST, to — V. neut. 

Phr., JeyMMta (n. pi. ),/amem, ffiZ^ro 1, 
fSro (irr.) ; ci&o, Spulls, &c. dbstineo (2) ; 
jejunia me dSmdnt, crucidnt, &c. 
FAST — subst., Je/Mn«a 2 pi. 
Ep. long, troulilesome, pious, ordered, 
&c. 

FAST— adj. 

(a) fixed, /txMS, immotus, stabilis,firmus 
sdlidus, Immobllls ; of a chain, IrrSsd- 
lutus. 

(b) faithful, q. v. 

(c) swift, celSr, rupiidus, citus, citdtus, 
velox, pernix, prmceps, prSpSriis, fes- 
tinus, ddmissus. 

FAST — adv., octm, citius, cttff, pr8- 
pSre, prSpSrdntSr (Luc). (Ovid uses 
prSpSrdntms.) 

FASTEN, to— V. ^ci.Jigo 3 ; dfigo 3 ; 
infigo 3 ; prsefigo 3 ; defigo 3. Often 
Itgo 1 ; vlncTo 4 ; lUigo 1 ; ddstringo 3. 
See Bind, to. 



FAST-HANDED— adj. = avaricious, 
avdrus. 

Phr., lucri studiosus, eupldus, &c. 

FASTIDIOUS— adj., Imitus, deltcdtus 
(Mart., Cut.), fdstldiosus, mollis, tSnSr. 

FASTNESS — subst. = castle, drx 3 f. ; 
turris 3 f. ; cdstellum 2. 

Ep. fortified, high, rocky, &c. 

FAT — Sidj. , pinguts, (Sbesus, Spimiis. 

FAT — subst., plnguS 3 n. ; unguSn 
3 n. ; sometimes drvinu 1 (lit. suet.). 

Ep. rich, abundant, solid, &c. 

FATAL — adj. 
(a) deadly, fdtdlts, litiflr, letdlis, morti- 

fSr, exUidlis, exitiabills, funestus, 

fdtifSr, pernlcWsus. 
(6) appointed by destiny,/a<a?ts, certus, 

fixus, destiTidtus. 

FATALLY— adv. 
(a) mortally. Eender by adj., e.g. He 

was fatally wounded, vulnSrS letdlt 

strdtus cadlt. 
(6) by destiny, fdtdlitSr, fdto (abl.). 

FATE — sulDst. 

(a) destiny, fdtum 2 ; sors 3 f . ; foriunH 
1 ; nScessltds 3 f. Use also Pdrcse 1 
(the fates), or tres adrores, Pdrcdrum 
or trlum sSrorum stamina 3 pi., ftlu 

2 pi. ; fusi 2, spindles. Also fdtorum 
or do 3 m.; sSries 5 ; lex 3 f. 

Ep. certain, unknown, unavoidable, 
unconquerable, dread, &c. 

(b) death, mors 3 f . ; letum 2 ; ObitUs 4 ; 
funus 3 n. ; fdtum 2 ; mtSrltus 4 '. 
exitiis 4 ; nex 3 f . (of violent death 
only). 

Phr., funSris hora 1 or lex 3 f . ; leti 
jdnua 1 or via 1 ; dies 5 fdtdlts, funesta 
or summa ; vltse terminus 2 or meta 1 ; 
nox 3 f . mterna. or pgrennis ; somnus 2 
ferrSus or Lethseus ; sdpdr 3 n. perpS- 
tuiis ; sors 3 f. ultima. 

Ep. sudden, cruel, immature^ &c. 

FATED — adj. = destined, fdtdlis, 
certus, fixus, destlndtus. 

Phr., so it was fated, sic Srat in fdtls, 
sic pldcult fdtls, sic fdta fSrebdnt. 

FATHER— subst. 

(a) patSr 3 m.; parens 3 m.; gS'nitSr 

3 m.; crSdtSr 3 m. (rare); gSnSrdt&r 
3 m. ; altOr 3 m. (rare). 

Ep. loving, careful, stern, &c. 

(b) the universal father, patSr 3 m. ; 
gSnitor 3 m. ; parens 3 m. ; satSr 3 m. ; 



FATHER 



( 126 ) 



FEAR 



auctdr 3 m. (the last two with gen. 

following). 

Ep. venerable, almighty, &c. 
i(c) senator, patir 3 m. ; sSndtdr 3 m. 

Ep. august, Roman, Latian {Latlu»\ 
&c. 
ijil) ancestor, patSr 3 m.; aviis 2 ; "prO- 

aviis 2 ; atavus 2 ; mdjores 3 pi. 

Ep. remote, ancient, famous, &c. 

FATHEB, to — V. act. 
(a) to adopt, adopto 1. 
(}}) to ascribe (to father on), trlbuo 3 ; 

attribuo 3 ; asdgno 1 ; imputo 1. 

FATHER-IN-LAW— subst., sifc^r 2. 

FATHERLESS— adj., orbtis. 

Phr., orbdtiis patrS. 

FATHERLY — adj., paternGs, patriiis. 

Phr., paternus animus, fatherly affec- 
tion. 

FATHOM — subst., perhaps ulnS 1 
(lit. an ell). Generally fathoms imply 
an undefined depth of sea. See Depth. 

FATHOM, to — V. act., perhaps ex- 
ploro 1 ; rimdr 1. 

FATHOMLESS— adj. Vee prdfundus, 
immensus. 

FATIGITE — subst., langudr 3. 

Phr., corpUs (3) fessum, debil?, con- 
fectum ; membra (2 pi.) Idngulda, fessa, 
labors confecta, &c. 

FATIGUE, to — ^v. act., lasso 1 ; delds- 
60 1 (H., Mart.) ; fatigo 1. 

FATIGUED — adj. = weary, q. v. 

FATNESS— subst. = fertility, ubSr 
3 n. ; fertllltas 3 f. ; copia 1. 

Ep. rich, abundant, &c. 

FATTED — adj., sagindtus (Prop.), 
pinguis. 

FATTEN, to — V. act. Use pdsco 3 ; 
tiutrio 4 ; al6 3. 

V. neut., pitiguesco 3. 

FATUOUS — adj. = foolish, q. v. 

FAULT — subst., culpa 1 ; delictum 2 ; 
peccdtum 2 ; crimen 3 n. ; mendum 2 ; 
jnenda 1 ; errdtum 2 ; err6r 3 m. 

Phr., to be at fault, erro 1 ; dubito 1 ; 
hserSo 2. 

Ep. venial, grievous, unexpiated, 
.childish, &c. 

FAULT-FINDER— subst., censik 3 
m. ; rSprShensdr 3 m. ; eastigdtdr 3 m. 
(H.). 

Ep. rigid, unjust, morose, &c. 

FAULTILY — adv., maU, mendose 
<H.). 



FAULTLESS— adj. 

(a) of persons, intSgSr, inndcens, insons, 
sdnctus,' purus. 

Phr., crimlnls expers, culpa carens, 
vacuus, libSr ; recti consciiis, slnS fraud?, 
sinS labs, intPgSr vltee, scSlSrls purus, &c. 
(Cf. Ov. Fast. iii. 383 ; morum fdbrEne 
exdctidr drtis, &c.). 

(b) of things. Use egrSglus, exlmius, 
irrSprShensus. 

Phr., sXnS mendd, slnS lab?, carens 
vltio or mendd, &c. 

FAULTY — adj., m^nddsQs, vXtiosus, 
prdviis, malus. 

FAUN — subst., /ownfig 2. 

Ep. woodland, homed, goat-footed, 
saucy, Arcadian {Arcadtiis), &c. 

FAVOUR — subst., grdtiu 1; favdr 
3 m. ; mdidgentld 1 ; obsSquium 2. 

Ep. bounteous, well-deserved, popu- 
lar, &c. 

FAVOUR, to— V. act., favSo 2 ; sg- 
cundo 1 ; ddspiro 1 ; annuo 3 ; ddsum, 
irr. ; jiivo 1 ; succurro 3 ; ddjuvo 1 ; 
auxillOr 1 ; subvPnlo 4. 

FAVOURABLE— adj., sScundus, fa- 
vens, dextSr, bdnus, felix. The pos- 
sessive pronoun situs is often used in 
this sense : also occasionally mSus and 
(in Martial) tuiis ; faustus (of things 
only), prospSrus, amicus, propensiis (of 
a god). I render favourable, sScundd 1. 

FAVOURED— adj. 

(a) well-favoured = beautiful, q. v. 

(b) ill-favoured = ugly, q. v. 
FAVOURITE— subst. = darling, q.'v. 
FAVOURITE— adj. = dear (a), q. v. 
FAWN — subst., hinnUleus 2. 

Ep. timid, mountain, woodland, &c. 
FAWN, to — V. neut. (with upon). 

(a) of animals, adulSr 1 ; bldndidr 4. 

(b) of flatterers, ddulSr 1 ; bldndiOr 4. 
Phr., bldnditils cdpto 1. 

FAY — subst. = fairy, q. v. 

FEALTY— subst. = loyalty, q. v., 
fides 5. 

FEAR— subst., tlm^ 3 m. ; pavik 3 
m. ; formido 3 f . ; mStus 4 ; terrOr 3 m. 
Sometimes trSmdr 3 m ; horrGr 3 m. ; 
religious fear = awe, religio 3 f. 

Ep. cowardly, bloodless, idle, dire, 
sudden, nocturnal, present, &c. 

FEAR, to — V. act., tlmgo 2 ; mMtud 3 ; 
vSrSdr 2 ; formido 1 ; pavSo 2 ; trSmo 



FEARFUL 



( 127 ) 



FELL 



3 ; rSformido 2 ; horrid 2 ; horresco 3 ; 
expavesco 3; pSrhorresco 3; extlmesco 
3 ; exliorresco 3 ; prsem^tuo 3. 
FEARFUL— adj. 

(a) timid, tlmidus, pavidus, trcpidus, 
inauddx, iwbellls, igndvus, territus, 
perterritus, exterritus, conterrttus, 
pacffuctus, trSmPfdcttis, dttxjiiitus, tur- 
bdtus, perturbdtm, consterndtus, exter- 
ndtus. 

(b) dire, dlrus, horrendus, mStu- 
endus, horrihills, fdrmiddhilU, formi- 
ddndus, gravis, mindx, fiEvus, dspSr, 
atrox, infestm, fdrmlddldsus, trux, 
tr^mendus. 

FEAEFULLY— adv., tlmtde. 

FEAELESS — adj., impdvidus, in- 
trSpidui, interrltus, imperterrltus, au- 
ddx, firmug, fortis, audens, animosug, 
fSrdx. 

Phr., nuUd formidlnS motm, mStu 
vacuus, fdrmidinis expers, nil mStuens, 
<tc. ; slccis dcfdis = with fearless eyes 
(Hor. Od. 1. 3, 18). 

FEARLESSNESS— subst. = courage, 
q. V. 

FEAST— subst. 
((() festival, festum 2 ; festa 2 pi. ; 

s&cra 2 pi.. 

Phr., dies (5) festus or festa, lux (3 f.) 
mora, annua s&cra (2 pi.), solemnla 
(3 pi.). 

Ep. annual, recurring, joyous, 
I'lronged, &c. 
(o) banquet, dopes 3 f. pi. ; Spulse 1 

pi. ; convivia 2 pi. ; coind 1 ; mensa 1. 

Ep. sumptuous, regal, rustic, simple, 
&c. 

FEAST, to — V. neut. 
(a) to keep festival, /mt/r 1. 

Phr., festum or festa ago (3), cSlehro 
(1). Perhaps vaco 1 = to be idle. 
(J)) to banquet, SpulSr 1. 

Phr., convivia, dupes, Spulds, &c., 
pdro 1, cSlebro 1, instltuo 3, &c. 

FEAST, to— V. act. 

Phr., ad coenam, dapes, &c., vHco 1 ; 
epulis, daplbus, liospltlo, &c., exctplo (3), 
recrSo (1), &c. 

FEASTER— subst., convivd 1. 

Ep. joyous, sated, hungry, &c. 

FEAT— subst. = exploit, q. v. 

FEATHER — subst., plumd 1 ; pennd 
I. 



Ep. light, scarlet, white, &c. ; tremu- 
lous, smooth, ruffled, &c. 

FEATHERED — adj., plumosiis 
(Prop.), penndtus, dldtus, allgSr, digs. 

FEATHERLESS— adj., Implurriis. 

FEATHERY— adj. 

(a) feathered, q. v. 

(b) light as a feather, use l^tHs. 
FhT.,fdllis livldr cdducis, lighter than 

falling leaves ; iSvlih- corticg', lighter 
than cork. 

FEATLY— adv. = nimbly, l^vmr. 

FEATURE — subst., no exact equiva- 
lent. See Face. 

FEE — subst., merces 3 f. ; pretlum 2. 
See Money. 

Ep. large, well-deserved, &c. 

FEE, to— v. act. 

Phr., mercedem or prStXum golvo (3), 
do (1), reddo (3). 

FEEBLE — adj., debllXs, infirmus, in- 
vdlldus, iners, imbelllg, Idnguldus, lan- 
gueng, segSr, deflclens, frdgills, frtgldug. 

Phr., obsltus sevo. 

FEEBLENESS— subst., Idnguifr 3 m. ; 
debilltds 3 f. (Juv.). 

Ep. increasing, sickly, &c. 

FEEBLY— adv. Translate by adj. 
or abl. case, e.g. he ran feebly, say 
with feeble foot. 

FEED, to — V. act. 

(a) pdsco 3 ; dlo 3 ; nutrlo 4. 

(b) of a shepherd, pdsco 3. 

Phr., duco (3), dd pdgcSa, pdbula 
prsebSo (2), sufficlo (3). 

V. neut. 

(a) of animals, pdscdr 3. 

Phr., pdbuld cdrpo (3), tondSo (2). 
(6) of men, vescdr 3. 

FEEL, to — V. act., sentld 4 ; percipid 
3 ; expSrldr 4 ; to feel the way, lt?r 
tenidrS (Ov. A. A. i. 456. See also 
437, so too exploro 1. iSee also Fast. 
ii. 336). 

FEIGN, to — V. act., slmiilo 1 ; dsgl- 
muld 1 ; fingo 3 ; sometimes mentldr 4 
(Ov. A. A. i. 25 ; Hor. Od. iv. 6, 14). 

FEIGNED— adj. = false (b), q. v. 

FEIGNER— subst., simuldtdr 3. 

FEINT— subst. Render by adj., e.g. 
a feint of love =fictug dmdr (3 m.). 

FELICITY— subst. Use gaiidla 2 
pi. ; Ixtltld 1 (no pi.). 

FELL — adj. = cruel, q. v. 



FELL 



( 128 ) 



FESTER 



FELL— subst. = hill, collls 3 m. ; 
dims 2 ; jvga 2 pi. 

Ep. grassy, upland, barren, &c.i 

PELL, to — V. act., usually of trees, 
sterno 3 ; dejicto 3 ; everto 3 ; csedo 3 ; 
proruo 3 ; sometimes mSto 3. 

FELLOW— subst. = comrade. When 
the word occurs in compounds, it must 
usually be translated by cSniSs 3 m., 
sdciiis 2, particeps 3 m. ; e.g. fellow- 
soldier = heUorum sOclus (2) ; fellow- 
labourer, SpSrum parttceps (3 m.), &c 

FELLOW-CITIZEN— subst., dvis 3 
m. 

FELLOW-TRAVELLER — subst., 
cSm^s 3 m. 

FELLOWSHIP— subst. 
(a) companionship, sdddlUlum 2 ; con- 

vlctus 4. 

Ep. sweet, ancient, &c. 
(6) friendship, amicitla 1 ; amdr 3 m. 

Ep. close, loyal, &c. 
(c) participation, commercta 2 pi. 

FELON — subst., sows 3 m. ; n/kens 
3 m. ; furcifSr 2 (H.). 

FELON — adj. = cruel or wicked, 
maliis, &c. See these words. 

FEMALE — subst., feinlna 1 ; mult?r 
3f. 

FEMININE— adj., mfdiebris, femt- 
nSug ; femlna as adj. (Prop.). 

FEN — subst., palm 3 f. ; stagnum 2. 

Phr., stagna paludls, undo, pdlustris, 
paludosa humus. 

Ep. steaming, moist, low -lying, &c. 

FENCE— subst., sepes 3 f. 

Ep. high, bristling, quickset, &c. 

FENCE, to — V. act., seplo 4. 

Phr., sepem\ prmtendo 3, seplhus 
cimidd 3, munio 4, circuindd 1 ; fenced 
in, inclusus. 

FENCED— adj. = fortified, munitus, 
turrUus, turrlger. 

FEND, to — V. act. = to keep off, 
defendo 3 ; arced 2 ; prdhihco 2 ; r^pello 
3 ; dverto 3. 

FENNEL — subst., anefhum 2 ; mara- 
tJirSs 2 m. 

FENNY — adj., pSludosus, palustris, 
stagndns. 

FERMENT, to — v. act. (war, strife, 
&c.). Use fdr^o 2 ; dccendo 3 ; mdi^o 
2 ; excito 1 ; sttmulo 1. 

FERMENT, to— v. neut. (lit.), per- 
haps Jidr^o 2 ; (figuratively) fervid 2, 



cresco 3, Estuo 1, exxstud I, adSlesco 3, 
drd?o 2, Inurdesco 3,Jfagrd 1. 

FERMENT— subst. 
(a) fermentum 2. 
(6) (figuratively) to be in a ferment, 

see verb. 

FERN— subst., /rZfa; 3 f. 

Ep. A. abundant, graceful, summer, 
&c. B. barren, hateful to farmers, 
useless, &c. 

FERNY— adj. Phr., filled obductm, 
tectrm. dhMfus, &c. 

FEROCIOUS— adj., f^rus, sEvus, eru- 
delis, immitis, bdrbarns, atrox, trux, 
trucidenius, cruentus, diriis, eff?rus, In- 
Jiumunm. ferrSus, sdngulnius. 

FEROCITY— subst., smvltia 1 ; ferltds 
3 f. ; asperitus 3 f. ; fSrocla 1. 

Ep. barbarous, unbridled, warlike, 
&c. 

FERRET — subst., vlverra 1 (no 
poetical authority), or perhaps inmtelti 
(H.). 

Ep. biting, keen, &-c. 

FERRY, to— V. act., trdnsvgho 3; 
subrecto 1 ; trujicio 3; trdnsporto 1. 

FERRY— subst. 
(a) the act of crossing, perhaps trun- 

situs 4 ; cursiis 4. 
(ft) the place of crossing. Use undd 1 ; 

aqua 1; dmnlsS; JfumenS; flueii- 

tum 2, &c. 

FERRY-BOAT — subst., cymba or 
cumbii 1 ; ImUr 3 f. 

FERRYMAN— subst., portlt&r 3 m. 

Ep. diligent, poor, &c. 

FERTILE— adj., fSrdx, fertllls, fe- 
cundus, div^s, Splmiis, dpulentus, Idrgus, 
abunddns, pinguis, prmphtguis, ub^r, 
blfSr. frugiffr, Ixtns, g^nidlis. 

FERTILITY— subst., fertil'das 3 f. ; 
ub^r 3 n. ; copia 1. 

Ep. luxuriant, rich, <S:c. 

FERTILIZE, to— V. act, fecundo 1. 

FERULE— subst., f^ndS 1 (H., Juv , 
Mart.). 

Ep. cruel, hard. &c. [q. t. 

FERVENT, FERVID— adj. = ardent, 
FERVOUR— subst. = ardour, q. v. 

FESTAL— adj.,/es<MS, often = joyful, 
q. V. 

FESTER— V. neut. (of a wound), 
perhaps vivo 3 ; cresco 3 ; inrPt^rdsco 3 
(Lucret.). A festering wound, perhaps 
Tulnus immMicdblW. 



FESTIVAL 



( 129 ) 



FIGHT 



FESTIVAL— subst. = feast, q. v. 

FESTIVE — adj. = joyful, q. v. 

FESTIVITY— subst. = feast, q. v. 

FESTOON — subst. Use cdr&nd 1; 
vitta 1 ; sertd 2 pi. 

Ep. hanging, long, joyful, &c. 

FETCH, to— V. act. 
(a) of persons, drcesso 3 ; ddduco 3. 
(ft) of things, pSto 3 ; dffSro, irr. ; porta 1. 

FETID — adj., tetSr, gravis, pegtlfSr, 
vUidtus, gravSSlens, virosus. 

FETTER — subst., compgs 3 f. See 
Chain (a). 

Ep. hard, iron, close, &c. 

FETTER, to — V. act. See Chain, to. 

FETTERED— adj. See Chained. 

FETTERLESS— adj. Phr., compSde 
or vinclu liher, sdlutus, expSditus. 

FEITD— subst., lis 3 f. ; rlxa 1 ; jur- 
giiim 2 ; simultds 3 f . ; dlscordld 1 ; cer- 
tdmSn 3 n. ; 6dium 2 ; inXmicitise 1 pi. 
(H., Mart.). 

Ep. ancient, bloody, dire, pitiless, &c. 

FEUDAL — adj., perhaps Mrllis. 

FEVER— subst., /an's 3 f. 

Phr., Estus (4) febris. See Disease. 

Ep. burning, deadly, panting, &c. 

FEVERISH— adj. (figuratively) ig- 
nSus, drdens, fervens, tr^pidm. 

'E'E^ — adj., poMcl (pi.), rdri (pi.) 

Phr., not many, non multi ; how few, 
qudtusquisquf, fem. qu5taqusequS. 

FIBRE— subst., /t&ra 1. 

FICKLE — adj., ISvis, mohilis, mutuhi- 
Its, instabiUs, ventosus. 

Phr., a fickle lover, desultSr (3 m.) 
amorls. 

FICKLENESS— subst., mobilltds 3 f. ; 
l?ritds 3 f. ; Inconstdntla 1. 

Phr., mens (3 f.) Ucls. 

Ep. treacherous, light, &c. 

FICTITIOUS— adj. = false, q. v. 

FIDDLE— subst. Use lyra 1; cUli- 
aru 1 ; fides 3 f. pi. 

Ep. tuneful, ApoUinean {ApolllnSus), 
&c. 

FIDDLER— subst., /rdrcere 3 m. 

FIDELITY— subst., /rJes 5; prdbltds 
3 f. ; virtus 3 f. ; constdntta 1. 

Ep. proved, ancient, sure, &c. 

FIELD— subst. 
(a) agSr 2 ; agellus 2 ; edmpus 2 ; some- 
times sdlum 2 ; terra 1 ; telliis 3 f . ; 

humus 2 ; rus 3 n. ; culta 2 pi. ; sata 

2 pi. 



Ep. fertile, barren, green, naked, an- 
cestral, &c. 
(6) battle-field. Use Seles 5, pugna 1, 

drSa 1, proellum 2, certdmSn 3 n. ; 

sometimes Mars 3 m. 

Ep. dire, blood-stained, stubborn, &c. 
(c) field for ambition, genius, &c. ; 

drSa 1 ; edmpus 2 (Juv.). 

FIELDFARE— subst. Use turdus 2. 

FIELDMOUSE— subst. _ Phr., mus 
(3 m) rmtlcus, mus (3 m.) hgrestis. 

FIEND — subst. Use Furlm 1 pi., 
Eum^nldes 3 f. pi. ; sometimes man- 
strum 2, simulacrum 2. 

Ep. hellish, dark, ruthless, Stygian 
(Stpglus), &c. 

FIENDISH — adj., immdnis, infdndus, 
nSfdndus. 

FIERCE — adj., fSrus, effSrus, ssevUs, 
crudells, sdngulnSus, cruentus, immitls, 
dspSr, truz, bdrbarus, Inhumdnus, tru- 
culentus, atrox, diriis, duriis, ferrSus ; of 
heat, the sun, &c., rapldus. To grow 
fierce, v. neut., cdndesco. 

FIERCELY— adv., dcrmr, viUlentSr, 
often vl (by force). 

Phr., less fiercely, mddSrdtlus, lenlus. 

FIERY — adj., ignffus, fldmmlus, fldm- 
mdns, fldmmdtus, fldmmlfSr, ignlfSr, 
dccensus, drdens, fl&grdns, cdndens, in- 
census, Ignivffmiis. 

FIERY-FOOTED— adj., ignlpes. 

FIFE — subst. Vse;ftstulal; tibial. 

Ep. shrill, martial, mixed with 
drums, &c. 

FIFTEEN — num. adj., qulndSdm. 

Phr., quinquS dScemqiiS (Ov. Fast. 
iii. 458) tSr quinquS. 

FIFTEENTH— adj., quindlclmus. 

Phr., tCr quintus (Ov.). 

FIFTH — adj., quintus. 

FIFTY YEARS OLD. Phr., circd 
lustra decern (Hor. Od. iv. 1, 6). 

FIG— subst.,/TcM8 4f. [1. 

FIG — adj., ficulniis. Dried fig, cdrlca 

Ep. sweet, ripe, purple, &c. 

FIGHT — subst., pugna 1 ; proellum 2 ; 
certdmSn 3 n. ; acles 5 ; Mdrs 3 m. ; 
sometimes lis 3 f . ; rixa 1 ; jurglum 2 ; 
simultds 3 f. 

Ep. stubborn, bloody, glorious, &c. 

FIGHT, to — v. act. oppugno 1 ; pSto 3 ; 
lacesso 3 ; dggrSdldr 3 ; invddo 3. 

V. neut., pugno 1 ; contends 3 ; 

certo 1 ; concurro 3 ; dimico 1 ; confligo 



FIGHTER 



( 130 ) 



FINISH 



3 ; cdngrMidr 3 ; decerto 1 ; cdio 4, irr. ; 
millto 1 ,• hellSr 1. 

Phr., manm confSro, irr.; pugnam, 
pmllS, &c. ; m6vSd 2, cl?d 2, miscfo 2, 
tento 1 ; Murtem lacesso 3 ; fw hostes 
fSrdr, irr., procurro 3. 

FIGHTEK— subst., mito 3 m. ; ^wgr- 
na^^r 3 m. ; hellaWr 3 m. ; vir 2. 

Ep. gallant, eager, fierce, «S:c. 

FIGHTING— subst. = fight, q. v. 

Phr., by fighting, vt, manu, drmis, &c. 

FIGTJEE— subst. 
(a) shape, /orwia 1 ; figura 1 ; spMes 5 ; 

sometimes /ac?e« 5, vultus 4, os 3 n. 

Ep. tall, short, bold, modest, &c. 
(6) statue. Imago 3 f . ; effigies 5 ; «r»iu- 

ldcrum2; signum 2; statua 1 (H.). 

Ep. dumb, marble, life-like, &c. 

FIGTJKE-HEAD— subst., rostrum 2; 
prora 1 ; «*? 3 ; hpluitrS 3 n. (Juv.). 

Ep. painted, gilded, &c. 

FILBERT— subst. Use nux 3 f. 

Ep. hard, woodland, &c. 

FILCH, to — V. act. = to steal, q. v. 

FILE — subst. 
(a) of soldiers, ordo 3 m. ; sSrles 5. 

Ep. even, serried, &c. 
(6) to rasp with. Use lima 1. 

Ep. biting, hard, &c. 

FILE, to — V. neut. = to march, q. v. 

V. act. = to rasp (as a car- 
penter), Jimo 1. 

FILIAL — adj. Use piUs. 

FILL, to — V. act., rSpUd 2 ; impUo 2 ; 
cdm,pUd 2 ; explSo 2 (H.) ; sometimes 
cumulo 1, acciimulo 1, acervo 1, dnSro 1. 
Other words may often be substituted 
for to fill, e.g. crdterd dkondnt = they 
fill the bowl ; vox persdnat auras = a 
voice fills the air, &c. 

FILL — subst. (e. g. take your fill). 

Phr., qtM satis est, quM placet, per- 
haps quantum llbSt. 

FILLET— subst. (hand for the head), 
vitta 1 ; infuld 1 ; t^nid 1. 

Ep. woollen, white, sacred, &c. 

FILLY — subst. Phr., ^qud trimd = 
three year old. 

FILM — subst. (over the eyes). Use 
nubes 3 f. (see Verg. Mneid, ii. 604- 
606). 

Ep. dark, blind, &c. 

FILTEB, to — V. act., llqud 1 ; sdcco 
1 (Mart.). 

V. neut., mdno 1 ; flm 3 ; stlllo 1. 



FILTH— subst., sordes 3 f. pi. ; tZZfi- 

rles 5 ; squdlSr 3 ra. 

Ep. loathsome, foul, &c. 

FILTHY— adj. = dirty, q. v. 

FIN — subst., pinnd 1 (no poetical 
authoritv). Back fin, spina 1 (Ov. 
Sal. 46)". See Finny. 

FINAL — adj., ultlmus, summGs, sur 
premus, postremus, extremus, sometimes 
nSvlsslmfis. 

FINALLY — adv., denlqu?, demum, 
postremO (H.), infrni (Juv.). 

FINCH— subst., frlngilld 1 (Mart.) ; 
dcdldnthls (Verg. Georg. iii. 338). 

Ep. timeful, woodland, &c. 

FIND, to — V. act. 
(a) invSnlo 4 ; rUpMo 4. 
(6) to find in one's heart to do, sustlnio 

2 ; jwssum, irr. To find a person 

kind, harsh, &c., inv^nlo 4 (Ov. Her. 

X. 1) ; utOr (Ov. Met. xiii. 52 ; Her. x. 

29) ; expgrldr 4 (Hor. Od. iv. 4, 3). 

FINDEB — subst., rfpertdr 3 m. ; in- 
ventdr 3 m. ; auctdr 3 m. 

Ep. first, skilful, &c. 

FINE— adj. 

(a) not coarse, tenuis, sUbtUls. 

(b) pure, refined, purits, sincerUs, subti- 
lls ; of gold, purus, spectdtus. 

(c) of weather, ddrus, splendldus, splen- 
dens, sfrenus, lucldus, llquldus, Can- 
didas. 

Phr., a fine day, sin? nuM dies, cldro 
sols dies ; fine weather, sSrenum (Luc). 

(d) glorious, egrSglus, exlmlus, ddrus, 
nobllls, illustrls. 

(e) beautiful, q. v. 

FINE — adv. (with "in"). See 
Finally. 

FINE, to — V. act., muleto 1. See 
Punish, to. 

FINE — subst., mulcta 1 ; pcend 1. 

Ep. excessive, small, &c. 

FINERY- subst. (usually of dress), 
perhaps splendor 3 m. ; nlfdr 3 m. 

Phr., imrpurfse Testes (3 f . pi.) ; Ty- 
rlus, &c. pardtus (4), omdtus (4), 
dppardtus (4). 

FINGER — subst., digitus 2 ; drtlciilus 
2 ; pdllex 3 m. (lit. thumb). 

Ep. tender, coarse, &c. 

FINGER, to — ^v. act., trdcto 1 ; td7igo 
3 ; dttrecto 1 ; cdntrecto 1. 

FINISH, to— v. act. 
(a) conflclo 3 ; perficld 3 ; perago 3 ; 



FINISHING 



( 131 ) 



FISH 



iermino 1 ; decurro 3 (Verg. Georg. 

ii. 39) ; finio 4 ; concludo 3 ; exigo 3 ; 

expl^o 2. 

Fhr. , finem or mddum faclo 3, statuo 
3, poKo 3, addo 3, adhibPo 2, To finish 
a book, ad umbllicum ddduco 3 (see Hor. 
Epode xiv. 8). 
(6) to polish, q. v.. 

FINISHING — part, (the finishing 
touch), phr., manus (4 f.) summa, ez- 
trema, ultima. 

FINITE— adj., finltug. 

FINNY — adj., pinnlgSr. 

FIS — snh&i.,j)inm 2 and 4 f. ; ables 3 
f. (gen. abjStU). A &r grove, plnetum2. 

Phr., nffmus (3 n.) conTfffrum. 

Ep. tall, evergreen, dark, &c. 

FIR — adj., flnSus, ablegnus (trisyll., 
Prop. iv. 1, 42). / 

FIRE— subst. r*^ 
(a) ignis 3 m. ;/\ Vulcdnus 2 ; often 

fldmma 1. Use fdcus 2 (hearth) ; 

caminUs 2 ; or forndx 3 f . (furnace). 
(6) conflagration, incendlum 2 ; igrwiS 3 

m. ; Vulcdnus 2. 

Ep. bright, fervid, destructive, un- 
bridled, &c. 

(c) of disposition, drddr 3 m. ; sestus 4 ; 
fervdr 3 m. 

(d) of love, cdl^r 3 m. ; drddr 3 m. ; 
«?<?<« 4 ; t(j(;i?8 3 m. ; fldmma 1. 

(e) of poetry, caldr 3 m. ; furdr 3 m. 
(/) on fire. Translate by part, drdens, 

flagrdns, incensus, dccensiis, succensus. 
FIRE, to— V. act. 

(a) to kindle, Incendo 3 ; dccendo 3 ; 
succetidd 3 ; wro 3 ; aduro 3 ; torrSo 2 ; 
exwro 3 ; pSruro 3 ; edmburo 3 ; crSmo 
1. 

(b) to discharge (of missiles), iwEWo 3 ; 
emitto 3 ; Jacio 3 ; torquSo 2 ; e/tcrj 3 ; 
prujtcid 3. 

FIRE-BEARING— adj., igrwi/5r. 
FIREBRAND— subst., ^^da 1; fdx 

3f. 

FIRE-BREATHING— adj. 

Phr., spirans ndrlbus tgnem. (Cf., 
too, Ov. Her. xii. 15.) /See Fiery. 

FIRED, to be— V. pass, 
(a) drdSo 2 ; fla.gr o 1 ; and passives of 

verbs under Fiee, to (a). 
(6) of a missile, i757o 1 ; tfo, irr. ; and 

passives of verbs under Fiee, to (&). 

FIREFLY — subst. Use IgnMa mused 
l,fldmm^a mused 1. 



FIRE-SHIP— subst. Use Ignlfgrd 
ndvis 3 f., ratis 3 f., &C. 

FIRESIDE— subst., fdcus 2. Use 
also PSndtes 3 m. pi.. Lares 3 m. pi. 
dSmus 2 and 4 f., tectum 2, &c. 

Ep. familiar, dear, &c. 

FIREWOOD— subst., ligntm 2; ra- 
mdlid 3 pi. 

Ep. drv, collected, &c. 

FIREWORKS- subst. No equiva- 
lent. Use phrases, e.g. imitdntes sidSrd 
flarmnx, similes coelestibus ignibus ignes, 

i?IRM— adj. 

(a) of ijersons, firmus, constdns, fortis, 
valid us, intrSpidus, immotus, immo- 
bllls. 

I'hT., propositi tSndx, firm of purpose ; 
to be firm, obduro 1. 

(b) of things, firmus, stabilis, immotus, 
vdlldUs, sdlidus, illabSfdctUs, certus, 
immobllis ; of grasp, &c., tSndx. 
FIRMAMENT— subst. Use coelum 

2 ; lether 3 m. 

Phr., indnld (3 pi.) coeli, spdtld (2 pi.) 
setMrls, mthSrSi trdctus (4). See 
Heaven. 

Ep. boundless, airy, &c. 

FIRMLY — adv., tgndcltSr ; some- 
times constdntSr. Render also by adj., 
q. V. ; or phrases, e.g. mentS sSlldd, 
firmo dnimo, &c. 

FIRMNESS — subst., constdntld 1; 
robdr 3 n. (Mart.). 

Phr., mens (3 f.) flecti nescld, mens 
immotd, &c. 

Ep. manly, iron, invincible, &c. 

FIRST— adj. 
(a) primes, princeps ; often prWr, pri- 

msevus. 
(6) at first, prlmo, ptimum, imprimis 

(H.). 
(c)^rst or last = sooner or later, serlUs 

out cltlus, serlus ocius (out omitted), 
(d) to be the first, occupo 1 ; prsesdmo 

3 ; prmclpio 3 ; prEierto 3. 

FIRSTBORN— adj., primus. 

Phr., ndtu or dnnis mdxlmus. [pi. 

FIRSTFRUITS — subst., primltlie 1 

Ep. glad, welcome, annual, &c. 

FISH — subst., piscls 3 m. 

Phr. finny race, scaly brood, brood 
of sea, mute tribes, &c. For various 
kinds of fish, .see Ovid, Halieuticon. 

Ep. scaly, swift, dumb, sea, river, &c. 
K 2 



FISH 



( 132 ) 



FLANK 



FISH, to — ^v. act. and neut. plscdr 1 
(H). 

Phr., I catch fish with rod, line, bait, 
net, &c. 

See Ovid, Met. iii. 587, xiii. 922, &c., 
934, &c. ; Art. Am. i. 763, &c. 

FISHEE, FISHERMAN— 8ubst.,2)i«- 
ceMr 3in. 

Ep. wilv, patient, &c. 

FISH-HOOK— subst., hdmus 2. 

Ep. curved, deadly, crafty, &c. 

FISHPOND— subst., mvdrium 2 (H.) ; 
piscina 1 (Mart.). 

Ep. full, quiet, &c. 

FISHY — adj. = full of fish, piscosus. 

FISSTTEE— subst. = cleft, rlma 1. 

FIST — subst., pugnus 2. 

Ep. threatening, uplifted, hard, &c. 

FIT — subst. In such phrases as " a 
fit of rage," either omit the word or 
translate by a participle, e.g. furdr (3) 
addltus. The word itself might some- 
times be rendered by impStm 4, vis 
8 f., lestus 4, viSlentia 1. 

FIT, FITTING— adj., aptus, idonSus, 
itills, commddus, accommSdus, oppor- 
tunus, habllis, capdx, ingSnlosus, con- 
veniens. 

Phr. to be fit for, faclo ad (Ov. Her. 
vi. 128, xiv. 56, &c.) ; at fitting time, 
in Idco (Hor. Od. iv. 12, 28). 

FIT, to — V. act. 

(a) dpto 1 ; dccdmmddo 1. 

(6) to fit out = to equip., omo 1 ; in- 

struo 3; paro 1 ; instltuo 3; drmo 1. 

FITFTTL— adj., mutSbllls, varius, in- 
eertus ; perhaps intermissiis. 

FITLY — adv., dpie, convSnlentSr, 
d^centir. 

FIVE — num. adj., qulnquS. 

FIVEFOLD— adj. qulncuplex (Mart.). 

FIX, to — V. act. 
(o) to make fast, flgo 3 ; dffigo 3 ; 

infigo 3 ; defigo 3 ; prse/igo 3. 

(b) to transfix, figo 3 ; trdnsfigo 3 ; 
confddlo 3. See Pierce, to. 
FIXED, to be — v. pass, (of the eyes), 

derlgesco 3. 

FIXED— part, 
(a) firm, q. v. 
(6) settled, e.g. a fixed day, &c., certiis, 

ratiis. 

FLABBY, FLACCID — adj., lintiig, 
Idxus, gSlutus, rSmissus, fliUdus. 



TLAOt, to — ^v. neut. = to droop, q. v. 

FLAG — subst. 
(o) rush, juncus 2 ; calamus 2 ; cdnna 

1 ; arundo 3 f . 

Ep. bending, river, moved by wind, 
&c. 

FLAG— subst. 
(a) a banner, vexiUum 2; signum 2. 

For the Roman banner, use aquild 1. 

Ep. waving, warlike, shining, &c. 
(6) signal fiag, signum 2 ; perhaps in- 
dicium 2. 
(c) for decoration. See BrNTiNG. 

FLAGON — subst., iSgena 1 (EL.); 
urna 1 ; dmphffra 1 ; diotd 1 ; tefta 1 ; 
vds {vdsis) 3 n. 

Ep. full, joyous, &c. 

FLAGEANT — adj . = notorious, notus, 
infdmis, prSbrosus, apertus, inanifestGs, 
certiis. 

FLAGSTAFF — subst., pertrco 1 ; per- 
haps hdstilS 3 n. See Flag. 

FLAIL — subst. Use pertlca 1 (no 
poetical authority in this sense) ; fus- 
tis 3 m. (no poetical authority in this 
sense). 

Ep. moved, uplifted, rapid, &c. 

FLAKE — subst. 
(a) lamina 1 ; hrdctSa. 1. 
(&) of snow. No exact equivalent. 

Perhaps pluma 1 (feather) or Idna 1 

(wool) might be used. Martial uses 

tuc'ddrinn vellUs aqudrum = snow. 

FLAMBEAU— subst. = torch, q. v. 

FLAME — subst. 
(ja)fldmm(i 1. Use also words for fire, 

q. V. 

Ep. sparkling, living, &c. 
(6) of love, of genius, &c. See Fire 

(d) and (e). 
(c) in flames = on fire. See Fire (/). 

FLAME, to — V. neut., drde5 2; ar- 
desco 3 ; flfigro 1 ; ignesco 3 ; indrdeseo 3. 

FLAMING — adj. fldmmiffr, fldm- 
mdnii. dccensiis, radidns. 

FLANK— subst. 
(a) latus 3 n. ; ilia 3 pi. Use also costse 

1 pi. (ribs) ; fSmUr 3 n. (thigh). 
(6) of an army, latHs 3 n. ; dla 1 (no 

poetical authority for either word in 

this sense). Cf. Verg. Mneid iv. 121. 

Phr., dispdsitie dextrd IsevaquS cd- 

Iwrtes. 

FLANK, to — V. act. = to accompany, 
q. V. 



FLAP 



( 133 ) 



FLEETING 



FLAP — subst. = border or flounce, 
instlta 1 ; llmhus 2. 
FLAP, to — V. act. 

(a) to fan, ventilo 1. 

(6) to strike, fSrlo 4 ; percutio 3. 

(c) to flap the wings, plmido (3) pennis. 

V. neut., fluito 1. 

FLAEE, to — V. neut. = to flash, q. v. 

FLASH— subst. 
(j[i)fulgdr 3 m. ; nltik 3 m. ; fldmmd 1 ; 

jiibar 3 n. ; lux 3 f . ; lumSn 3 n. ; 

splenddr 3 m. ; scintilla 1. 

(b) flash of lightning, fulgiir 3 n. ; ful- 
gdr 3 m. Use also fuhnSn 3 n. ; 18- 
lutru 4 ; sometimes ignes 3 m. pi. 
Ep. bright, sudden, &c. 

FLASH, to — V. neut. = to glitter, 
mico 1 ; scintillo 1 ; splendid 2 ; fulgSo 2 ; 
nltSo 2 ; cdrusco 1 ; radio 1 ; dhsisto 3 ; 
emlco 1 ; rutilo 1. 

FLASHING — adj., versicdldr, or par- 
ticiples of above verbs. 

FLASK — subst., lagena 1. See Fla- 
gon. 

FLAT— adj. 
(a) level, asquiis, planus, jacens. 
(6) dull (d), q. V. 

(c) downright (a) and (b), q. v. 

(d) of sound, gravis. 
FLAT — subst. 

(a) level ground, pldnities a ; drSd 1 ; 

xquSr 3 n. ; cdrnpHs 2. 

Ep. smooth, level, &c. 
(6) stories (of a building), tubuldtum 2. 

FLAT-NOSED— adj., slmfis. 

FLATTEN, to — v. act., Equo 1. 

FLATTER, to — v. act., aduldr 1 ; 
bldndidr 4 ; rnHlcSo 2. 

Phr., bldndittis or bldndis dictis cdpto 
1, dmbio, irr., dqgredidr 3,fdU6 3, &c. 

FLATTEEER— subst., uduldtdr 3 m. 
(Juv.); dssentdtSr 3 m. (H.); perhaps 
cultOr 3 m, cliens 3 m., sulutdtCr 3 m. 
(Mart.), lauddtdr 3 m., lauddtrix 3 f., 
dssecla (Juv., dub.). Often use dmbiti- 
osus. 

Ep. false, cringing, &c. 

FLATTERY— subst., bldnditim 1 pi. ; 
bldndimentum 2. 

Phr., bldnda vox (3 f.), bldnda dicta 
(2 pi.), &c. 

Ep. false, persuasive, &c. 

FLAUNT, to— V. act. = to display, 
q. V. 

V. neut. superbio 4 ; tumSo 2. 



FLAVOUR — subst., sopSr 3 m. ; 
siccus 2. 

Ep. sweet, bitter, strange, familiar, 
&c. 

FLAVOURED— adj., imbutus. 

FLAW— subst. 
(a) blemish, mendd 1 ; macUla 1 ; 

vitium 2. 

Ep. hidden, pernicious, &c. 
(6) sudden gust. /See Gust. 

FLAWLESS— adj., pur us, intigSr, 
perfectUs, intdctus, emeruidtus. 

FLAX — subst., linum 2. 

Ep. white, textile (textilts), &c. 

FLAXEN— adj. 
(a) llnSus. 
(6) flax-coloured, fldviis, fldvens, crd- 

cSus. 

FLAT, to — V. act. Phr., pellem 
alicui exuo 3, detraho 3 ; pe/Z^ aliqtiem 
spSlio 1, ?iMcZo 1. 

FLEA — subst., jjwZex 3 m. (Mart.). 

Ep. tiny, troublesome, biting, &c. 

FLECK, to — ^v. act., vario 1 ; distin- 
guo 3 ; pingd 3 ; spdrgo 3. 

FLECK — subst. = spot, macula 1. 

FLECKED — adj., varius, varidtus, 
spdrsus, distlnctus, macUlosus, pictiis. 

FLEDGED— adj., adultus. 

FLEE, to — V. neut. See Fly, to. 

FLEECE— subst., vellus 3 n. Use 
also Idna 1 (wool). 

Ep. white, thick, woollen, &c. 

FLEECY— adj. 
(a) IdnigSr, Idndtus (Juv.). 
(fe) of clouds. Verg. Oeorg. i. 397 ; 

Tenuia Idnse pSr coelum vellSra ferri 

= thin fleecy clouds wafted through 

the sky. 

FLEER, to — V. act. = to mock, q. v. 

FLEET — subst., cldssis 3 f. Use 
also naves 3 f. pi. ; rates 3 f. pi. ; 
carhise 1 pi., &c. 

Ep. martial, ready, sail-winged 
(velifSr). 

FLEET — adj., cSUr, cttus, rapidus, 
iSvis, velox, pernix, prseceps, alacSr, 
prdpCrus, festlnus, festiiiuns, prSpSrdns, 
vSlucSr, citdtus, concitus, ddmissus, ven- 
tosus (of horses = swift as the wind). 

FLEET, to — ^v. neut. See Fly, to. 

FLEETING— adj., caducus, brgvls, 
pSriturus, fugdx; perhaps r^fugus, Zu- 
bricus. 



FLESH 



( 134 ) 



FLORID 



Phr., non diutumUs, non mdnsuriis, 
&c. 

FLESH— subst. 
(a) card 3 f . 
(6) body, corpus 3 n. ; membra 2 pi. ; 

drtus 4 pi. 

FLESH, to — V. act., Imbuo 3. 

FLESHY— adj. = fat, q. v. 

FLEXIBLE, FLEXILE— adj., lentus, 
fiexlbllU, flexills, mollis; sometimes 
facilis, rSsbluhllU (Verg. Culex.). 

FLICKEE, to — V. neut., cdrusco 1 ; 
tr?md 3 ; trtpldo 1 ; perhaps dormito 1 ; 
stemud 3. (Cf. Ovid, Heroides, xix. 
151.) 

FLICEEBIXO — part., cSrmcus, cdrus- 
cdns, tr?pidus, trSplddns; perhaps in- 
certits (Verg. Ed. v. 5, &c.). 

FLIGHT— subst. 

(a) of birds, (the act of flying), vSldtus 
4 ; lapsus 4 ; cursUs 4. Use also 
fuga 1. 

Ep. swift, silent, timid, aerial, &c. 

(b) a flight of birds = a flock, grex 3 m. ; 
agm^n 3 n. ; nvbes 3 f. 

Ep. winged, dense, aerial, &c. 

(c) a flight of arrows = volley, tempes- 
tds 3 f . ; irribSr 3 m. 

Ep. deadly, dense, iron, &c. 

(d) running away, fugd 1 ; effUgtum 2 
(escape). 

Phr., to take to flight, tirgd do 1, 
verto 3, or simply fuglo 3. See Fly, 

TO. 

Ep. base, swift, unmanly, &c. 

FLIMSY— adj., iSvls. 

FLINCH, to— V. neut. 
(a) deficio 3 ; cesso 1 ; succldo 3. 
(6) to flinch from, detrecto 1 ; rS<aiso 1 ; 

rSfiiglo 3; vito 1. 

FLING, to— V. act. 
(a) jaclo 3 ; projlcio 3 ; ejidlo 3 ; jdcto 

1 ; jaculOr 1 ; mltto 3 ; emitto 3 ; 

/undo 3 ; effundo 3 ; spdrgo 3 ; for- 

gw^o 2 ; contorqu^o 2 ; IntorquSo 2. 
(5) to fling away, dbjlclo 3 ; projlcio 3. 

(c) to fling down, dejiclo 3. See 
Demolish, to. 

(d) to fling upon, superjicio 3 ; supMn- 
jXcto 3. 

(e) to fling at, p?to 3 ; lacessd 3. 
(/) to fling headlong, prxclpito 1. 

FLING — subst., jdctus 4. 

Ep. swift, powerful, headlong, &c. 



FLINT— subst., sllex 3 f. ; (metaph.) 
adSmds 3, cautes 3 f. 

Ep. hard, unbroken, rough, pointed, 
&c. 

FLINT-HEARTED — adj. = hard- 
hearted, q. V. 

FLINTY— adj. = hard, q. v. 

FLIPPANT— adj., prScdx, tneptus, 
prdterrus. 

FLIST — subst. Phr. Idsclva puella 
1. 

FLIT, to — V. act., vdllto 1 ; clrcum- 
vSllto 1. 

FLITCH— subst. (of bacon), pemcL 1 
(H.). 

Ep. smokv. ffit. kc. 

FLITTERMOUSE— subst. = bat, q. v. 

FLOAT, to — V. neut. 
(a) fiulto 1. Use also nato 1 ; no 1 ; 

rSno 1 ; fSrSr, irr. ; lalidr 3. 
(6) to float in the air, (of banners) 

flulto 1. Cf. also Ovid, Fast. iii. 373 

(of the diicllS). 

FLOCK— subst. 

(a) of sheep, grex 3 m. ; p?cus 3 n. 
(-dris gen.); pPcus 3 f. (-udls gen.). 
Use also turba 1 ; caterva 1 ; 8ves 3 f. 
pi. ; bldentes 3 f. pi. 

Ep. timid, fleecy, soft, &c. 

(b) in general sense, grex 3 m. ; turba 1 ; 
caterva 1 ; dgmfn 3 n. ; coetus 4 ; 
cSlwrs 3 f. ; mantis 4 f. 

Ep. excited, dense. &c. 

FLOCK, to — V. neut. = to crowd, q. v. 

FLOG, to — V. act., flagello 1 ; ver- 
b^ro 1. 

Phr., rerl>?r?, verb?rlbus, flagello 1, &c., 
cxdo 3, iirgPo 2, stlmulo \,f?rlo 4, &c. 

FLOOD— subst. 

(a) deluge, diliivles 5; diluvJum 2. 
Sometimes torrens 3 m. ; eluvies 5; 
dlluvies 5. 

(b) sea, q. v. 

Ep. unbridled, destructive, threaten- 
ing, headlong, &c. 

FLOOD, to — v. act., inundo 1 ; obruo 
3 ; prolSo 3. 

FLOOD-TIDE — subst., xstiis 4. 

Phr., crescens sestus. 

FLOOR — subst., sdlum 2 ; pavimen- 
tum 2. 

Ep. marble, variegated, shining, tes- 
selated. &c. 

FLORAL — adj., florPus, fioridus. 

FLORID — adj., rubens, rubicundus. 



FLOUNCE 



( 135 ) 



FOG 



FLOUNCE — subst., perhaps insttta 1 ; 
sTniis 4. 

FLOTTR— subst., /ariTi^ 1. 

Ep. white, dustv, &c. 

FLOURISH, to— V. neut., florgo 2 ; 
vtgifo 2 ; valid 2 ; verno 1 (Prop.)- 

FLOURISHING — adj., florins, vt- 
gens, prospSrus, h?dtus, s^cundus, fellx, 
Isetus. 

FLOUT, to — V. act. See Mock, to. 

FLOW, to — V. neut. 
(o) fluo 3 ; mdno 1 ; profluo 3 ; decurro 

3 ; Idbffr 3 ; deldbdr 3 ; firdr 3, irr. ; 

volvdr 3 ; id, irr. ; defluo 3. Of 

poetry flowing from the writer's 

pen, provSnW 4. Dark flowing of a 

river, nlg?r (Verg. Georg. iv. 126). 

(b) of the tide, dlldbdr 3 ; cresco 3. 

(c) to flow between, inferluo 3. 

(d) to flow beneath, subterldbffr 3. 
FLOWER— subst., /os 3 m. 

Ep. fresh, scented, spring, summer, 
red, white, purple, &c. 

FLOWER, to — V. neut., florgo 2; 
vigeo 2 ; sometimes virgo 2 ; verno 1. 

Phr., gemmds pdndo 3, trudo 3, 
cffmds explico 1. 

FLOWER-CULLING— adj.,/ortZ^3M8. 

FLOWERET — subst., flosculus 2 
(Juv.). 

FLOWERING— adj., late-flowering, 
sera cdindn^ (rare). 

FLOWERY —adj., floras, florldus. 

FLOWING— adj., (of robes, &c.) 
sinuosiis, fluens ; flowing backwards (of 
rivers) siipinus, rUcurrens ; of hair, see 
Dishevelled and Long. 

FLUCTUATE, to— v. neut., dUhXtd 1 ; 
hierCo 2 ; flulto 1 (H.) ; fluctiio 1 ; pen- 
did 2. 

FLUENT — adj., dlsertm, fdcundUs. 

FLUID — adj. ,fluidus,fl Sens, llquldus, 
liquens, llqudtus, Uquifdctus. 

FLUID — subst., liqudr 3 m. ; humSr 
3 m. ; latex 3 m. 

Ep. clear, thick, &c. 

FLUKE — subst., (of an anchor) dens 
3 m. 

Ep. curved, tenacious, iron, &c. 

FLUSH, to— V. neut. = to blush, 
q. v. 

FLUSH— subst. = blush, rubfh- 3 m. 

Ep. modest, maiden, &c. 

FLUTE— subst., fistUla 1 ; tibia 1. 



Use also arundo 3 f. ; cdnnd 1 ; cala- 
mus 2 ; avend 1 ; cicutd 1 ; ibiir 3 n. 

Ep. clear, sweet, pastoral, &c. 

FLUTTER, to— V. neut. 
(a) Use vdlito 1. 

Phr., tento vSldtus, aids, pennds, &c. ; 
pennls cdrusco, &c. 
(h) to be agitated, iripido 1 ; trSmo 3 ; 

pavSo 2 ; mico 1 ; solid 4. 

FLY, to — V. neut. 
(a) of birds, v5lo 1 ; vSllto 1 ; eviflo 1 ; 

ddvdlo 1 (to fly towards). Use also 

Idbffr 3 ; firffr, irr. ; end 1. 

Phr., to cut the air ; to move, try, 
&c., wings ; to rise upwards, glide 
along liquid path, &c. ; to use oarage 
(remighim) of wings, &c., pervdlo 1, 
supSreviSld 1 (Luc), to fly over ; rSvSlo 
1, to fly back. 
(6) to run away, fugio 3 ; aufugXd 3 ; 

effugXd 3. 

Phr., to urge, hasten, attempt, &c., 
flight, to turn the back (terga dd 1) in 
flight, to trust to feet, &c. 

(c) of time, vdld 1 ; fugld 3 ; IdbOr 3. 

(d) to fly at = to attack, q. v. 

(e) to let fly = to discharge, q. v. 
V. act. = to avoid or fly from, 

fugid 3 ; vltd 1 ; evitd 1. 

FLY — subst., musca 1 (Mart.). 

Ep. summer, troublesome, swarming, 

FLYING— adj. 

(a) of darts, &c., vUldtllXs, vtddns, vSlucSr. 

(b) of time, &c. = fleeting, q. v. 
FOAL — subst., pullus 2. 

Ep. skittish, timid, new-bom, &o. 

FOAM — subst., spjumd 1 ; dspergd 3 f. 

Ep. white, sea, salt, &c. 

FOAM, to — V. neut., spumd 1 ; spu- 
mescd 3 ; sestud 1. 

FOAMY — adj., spumSus, spumdns, 
spumdsus, spumXfgr. 

FODDER — subst., pabulum 2 ; fenum 
2 ; perhaps alimentum 2 ; nutrlmin 3 n. ; 
nutrimentum 2. 

Ep. abundant, collected, &c. 

FOE, FOEMAN — subst., lidstXs 3 ; inX- 
micus 2 ; sometimes semulus, rlvdlXs. 

Ep. ruthless, warlike, cruel, bloody, 
&c. 

FOG — subst., nSbula 1 ; nubes 3 f. ; 
vapdr 3 m. ; der 3 m. 

Phr., humens umbra 1. 

Ep. dense, collected, silent, &c. 



FOGGY 



( 136 ) 



FOOT 



FOGCrY — adj., n^Ulosiis, nuhilus, crds- 
SV.S, obscurus, humldus, humens. 

FOIL, to — V. act. = to baffle, q. v. 

FOIL— subst. 
(a) a blunt sword for fencing, rudis 3 f . 

Ep. wooden, well-deserved, &c. 
(6) a thin plate of metal, lamina 1 ; 

Idmna 1 ; hrdctSa 1. 

Ep. golden, copper, &c. 

FOLD— subst. 

(a) for cattle, OvllS 3 ; caulx 1 pi. ; 
septa 2 pi. ; stabulu 2 pi. ; prxsepS 
8n. 

Ep. safe, familiar, full, &c. 

(b) of a garment, sinug 4. 
Ep. fine, purple, &c. 
FOLD, to — v^ct. 

(a) of sheep, cicnulo 3 ; includo 3. 
(6) to double, duplico 1 ; piled 1. 

(c) to enfold, involvo 3 ; implied 1 ; 
clngo 3 ; clrcumdo 1 ; dmbld 4. 
FOLDING-DOOKS— subst., vdlvie 1 pi. 
Phr., blfdres vdlvee. 

Ep. high, royal, &c. 

FOLIAGE — subst. = leaves, frons 
3 f. ; fdlla 2 pi. ; cffma 1 ; cdmx 1 pi. 

Ep. shady, dense, waving, &c. 

FOLK— subst. 
(a) hihnlnes 3 m. 
(6) country folk, agrestes 3 n. pi. ; dgrl- 

cdl^ 1 pi.. &c. 

Phr., amdtor 3 m., inc8la 1 m, &c., 
rurls. 
(c) townsfolk, urbdni 3 pi. ; ciues 3 pi. 

Phr., amdtdr 3 m. urbls. 

FOLLOW, to— V. act. 
(a) s^qudr 3 ; svbsSquHr 3 ; secitfr 1. 
(6) to chase, sSqufk 3 ; agltd 1 ; agfo 3 ; 

pello 3 ; esragltd 1 ; sec^r 1 ; urgSd 2 ; 

prSmo 3 ; InsSqudr 3 ; persSquSr 3. 
(c) to succeed, sSqudr 3 ; exclpio 3 ; 8mc- 

cedo 3. 
((?) to imitate, s^qudr 3 ; ImltSr 1. 
(e) to obey, s^qtior 3 ; pdrSo 2 ; exsSqiidr 

3 ; /add 3 ; capessd 3. 

FOLLOWER — subst., famulus 2 ; 
minister 2 ; scdellSs 3 m. ; c?«en8 3 m. 
(fern, clienta). 

Ep. trusty, warlike, &c. 

FOLLY — subst., stultltla 1 ; vecdrdla 
1 ; sometimes errdfy 3 m., jur6r 3 m., 
8<Mp^r 3 m. (Ov. ^. ^. ii. 361). 

Phr., mens (3 f.) stulta, Inepta ; pectus 
(3 n.) stdlldum. 

Ep. fond, mad, blind, headlong, &c. 



FOMENT, to — V. act., to cherish, 
fdvSd 2 ; augSd 2 ; dccendd 3. 
FOND— adj. 

(a) foolish, stultiis, vdnus, ineptus, de- 
mens, credulies. 

(b) doting, amdns, cupldus, amdtdr, 
drdens. 

(c) in general sense, e.g. fond of hunt- 
ing, cupldus, studldsus, amdns, uvldus. 
Phr., studio cdpdus, dedltus. Often 

to be fond of = to love, q. v. 

FONDLE, to— V. act.,/tfi7«o2; muMd 
2 ; permvlcPd 2. 

FONDLY— adv. 
(a) foolishly, stulte, malff, inepte, de- 

m£ntSr. Use adjective. 
Q)) lovingly. Translate by adjective. 

FONDNESS — subst. See Tender- 
ness. 

FOOD — subst. 
(a) of men, clbus 2 ; dllmentum 2 ; esca 

1 ; nulrhnSn 3 n. ; sometimes sugina 

1. Often use dapes 3 f . pi. ; f pulse 

1 pi. ; cend 1 ; also mensa 1 (Ov. B. 
Am. 228). 

Ep. simple, abundant, scanty, &c. 
(6) of beasts, clbus 2 ; allmentum 2 ; 
esca 1 ; pdbulum 2. Use often pdscua 

2 pi. ; lierba 1 ; grdm^n 3 n. ; vlrgultd 
2 pi. ; fenum 2 (hay). 

Ep. accustomed, familiar, &c. 

FOOL— subst. 
(a) Translate by adjective. 
(6) to play the fool, deslplo 3 ; Insdnlo 

4 ; furd 3 ; nugdr 1 (H.) ; Ineptld 4 

(Cat.). 

FOOL, to — V. act. = to baffle, q. v. 

FOOLHARDINESS — subst. = rash- 
ness, q. v. 

FOOLHARDY— adj., tem?rdrlus, prm- 
ceps, mcautus, cxcus, incdnsultus (H.), 
dmens, demons, insdnus. 

FOOLISH — adj., stultiis, vdnus, inep- 
tus, demem, stdlldus. 

Phr., mentis or ratldnls Inops or 
?gens. 

FOOT— subst. 
(a) pes 3 m. ; pldnta 1. Often may be 

rendered by vestigia 2 pi. (footsteps) ; 

cursUs 4 (running) ; ftigd 1 (flight) ; 

via 1 ; Iter 3 n. (journey) ; gradus 4 

(step) ; gressUs 4 (step) ; — eight- 
footed, octlpes. 

Ep. swift, slow, timid, bold, &c. 



FOOT 



( 137 ) 



FORD 



(6) on foot, afoot, p^dSs 3 m. ; pSdestSr. 

(c) base (of hills), radix 3 f. 
Phr., imug nwns 3. 

(d) infantry, pMUes 3 m. pi. 
V\\r.,pSdedrisacies,ijSdltuin nimbus 2. 

(e) in metre, pes 3 m. ; numSri 2 pi. ; 
mddi 2 pi. 

(/) measure of length, pes 3 m. 
(gr) to set on foot = to begin, q. v. 

FOOT, to — V. neut. = to dance, q. v. 

V. act., pulso 1 ; pello 3; calco 1. 

FOOTBALL — subst., follls 3 m. 
(Mart.). 

Ep. windy, light, bounding, &c. 

FOOTFALL— subst., vestigia 2 pi. ; 
grridus 4 ; gressus 4 ; pes 3 m. ; pdssus 4. 

Ep. silent, familiar, &c. 

FOOTHOLD, FOOTING— subst., per- 
haps Idcus 2. Render by verb, e.g. he 
could get no foothold, mn pdtSrat starg, 
TiErerS; ^erha^a firmarS pSdes, gradus, 
vestigia. 

FOOTPAD— subst., latro 3 m. ; grds- 
sdtSr 3 m. (Juv.). 

Ep. nocturnal, ruthless, lurking, &c. 

FOOTPATH— subst., cullls 3 m. ; ge- 
mita 1 ; tramSs 3 m. ; limSs 3 m. 

Ep. narrow, mountain, shady, &c. 

FOOTSOSE — adj. Phr., clwudo or 
fesso pSde, tardo gressu, &c. See Weary. 

FOOTSTEP— subst., vestigia 2 pi. ; 
gradus 4 ; pes 3 m. ; passiis 4. 

Ep. silent, familiar, even, &c. 

FOOTSTOOL— subst., scamnum 2. 

Ep. placed under the feet, &c. 

FOP — subst. = coxcomb, q. v. 

FOE— prep. 

(a) in exchange for, pro. 

(b) on account of, db, propter. 

(c) expressing purpose (e.g. good for 
war), ad ; often simply the dative. 

(d) for that = because, qudd, quia. 
FOE — conj., nam, Snim, ndmqu^, 6tS- 

nim. 

FOEACrE, to — ^v. neut., discurro 3. 

Phr., pabulu or clbos quEro (3) ; l^go 
(3); cdlUgd(S). 

FOEAGE — subst., paljUlum 2 ; fenum 
2. Use also grdmen 3 n. ; herbd 1. 

Ep. gathered, scanty, abundant, &c. 

FOEAY — subst., dlscursus 4 ; incur- 
8US 4. Often = fight, q. v. 

Ep. martial, sudden, rash, &c. 

FOEBEAE, to— V. neut. 
(a) to restrain, Inhibed 2 ; cdlilbSo 2 ; 



rStln^o 2 ; tempSro 1 ; e.g. tempSratld 

lacrlmis, he forbears to weep. 
(6) to abstain from, pared 3 ; mitto 3 ; 

Smitto 3 ; r£mittd 3 ; dbstlnSo 2. Used 

prolatively, e.g. mittS quSri, forbear 

complaining. 

FOEBEAEANCE— subst. 
(a) clemency, dementia 1 ; b&nltds 3 f. ; 

indulgentla 1. 

Ep. gentle, wondrous, &c. 
(6) abstinence from. Render by verb. 

FOEBID, to— V. act., veto 1; prS- 
hlbeo 2. 

Phr., non patldr (3) or slno (3) ; 
Heaven forbid it, qiM abomlndr. Dl 
mSllus ! 

FOEBIDDEN— part., vmtus, inconces- 
sUs, interdictus, intermlndtUs. 

Phr., it is forbidden, n^/ds. 

FOECE— subst. 
(a) vigour, robUr 3 n. ; vlgffr 3 m. ; vires 

3 f. pi. ; virtus 3 f . ; imp^s 3 (only in 

gen. and abl. sing.). 

Ep. manly, unconquerable, &c. 
(6) violence, vis 3 f. ; vldlentla 1. 

Ep. savage, ruthless, &c. 

(c) in plural, forces = army, q. v. 

(d) by force of, prep., pSr. 

(e) in phrase, to have the force of = to 
be equivalent to, vis 3 irr. ; pondUs 3 ; 
pandora 3 pi. 

FOECE, to— v. act. 
(a) cogo 3 ; adlgo 3 ; sUblgo 3 ; com- 

pello 3. 
(6) to urge or force along, impello 3 ; 

urg?d 2 ; addrgSo 2. 

FOECED— part. 

(a) cddctSs, addctHs, subdctus, compulsUs. 

(b) feigned, fdlsus, mentitUs, fictus, in- 
vitus. 

(c) of flowers, festindtiis (Mart. xiii. 
127, 1). 

FOECEFTJL — adj., valldHs, robmtus, 
firmSs, vuleiis, f&rtls. 

FOECIBLE— adj. 
(a) forceful, q. v. 
(fe) done by force, e.g. a forcible entry, 

cf. Verg. jEn/iid ii. 494 ; fit via vi, 

rumpdni dditiis. 

FOECIBLY— adv., vidlentir. 

FOED — subst., vadum 2 (usually in 
plural). 

Ep. familiar, difficult, «fec. 

FOED, to— V. act. Phr., vado trdnsSo 
(irr.), supero (1). 



FORDONE 



( 138 ) 



FORETELL 



FOEDONE— part. = weary, q. v. 

FOREARMED — adj., drmdtus, pard- 
tus. 

FOREBODE, to— v. act. = to presage, 
prsesentio 4 ; preesdgio 4 (Prop.) ; prx- 
scisco 3 ; prxriosco 3 ; prsevUKo 2 ; auguro 
1 ; augurSr 1 ; signified 1 ; portendo 3 ; 
denuntlo 1 ; perhaps destliw 1 (Hor. 
Od. iii. 13, 5). 

FOREBODER — 8ubst.= prophet, q. v. 

FOREBODING— adj., priesugus, prx- 
gcliiif, divinus. 

FORECAST, to — v. act. = to antici- 
pate, prsesumo 3 ; prsevldSd 2 ; prEclplo 
3 ; prxdisco (Verg. Georg. i. 252). iSee 
Forebode, to. 

FORECAST— subst., conjedura 1 (Ov. 
Trht. I. ix. 51). See Pbophecy. 

FORECASTLE— subst. Use prora 1. 

FOREDOOM, to— V. act., devdc^o 2 ; 
dedl)i6 1. 

FOREFATHER — subst = ancestor, 
pater 3 m. ; aviis 2 ; prBuvus 2 ; atuvUs 
2 ; mdjores 3 m. pi. 

Ep. illustrious, ancient, &c. 

FOREFEND, to— v. act. = to avert, 
dverto 3 ; drcSo 2 ; prdhlbSo 2 ; pello 3 ; 
defendo 3. 

Phr., Heaven forefend! Di mellUg! 
qu5d uhdmlndr (Ov.). 

FOREFINGER— subst.. Index digitus 
2 (H.). 

FOREFRONT— adj. = front (of a 
battle), phr., prima Seles (5), prlmum 
dgmSn (3 n.). 

FOREGO, to — V. act. See Forgo, to. 

FOREGROUND — subst., phr., pars 
(3 f.) prior (of a picture, &c.). 

FOREHEAD — subst., frdns 3 f . ; 
supercillum 2 ; sometimes nutus 4 
(nod), caput 3 n. (head), vultus 4 (coun- 
tenance), &c. 

Ep. broad, narrow, &c. 

FOREIGN — adj., ex<er«M8, p^regrlnus, 
bdrharuf, allenus, ddv^nd, extSrus, dd- 
xectm, hospltd (only fern. sing, and 
neut. pi.). 

FOREIGNER— subst., ddv^na 1 m. ; 
Jiospes 3 ra. ; hosplta 1 f . ; pSregrlnUs 2 ; 
externum 2 ; bdrbarus 2. 

FOREKNOW, to — ^v. act., prxsclsco 
3 ; prxnoaeo 3 ; prsevldio 2 ; prxsen- 
tloi. 

FOREKNOWING — adj., prxsctiis, 
prudens, divinus. 



FOREKNOWLEDGE — subst., jjrtc- 
dentld 1. 

Phr., mens (3 f.) prxsdS, dlvlna, 
prsesdga. 

FORELAND — subst., pr&montdrlum 
2 (scanned also promonforjum). 

Phr., sdxd (2 pi.) procurrentla, rupee 
(3) projects. 

Ep. windy, high, sea-beat, &c. 

FORELOCK— subst., cirrus 2 (Mart., 
Juv.). 

Phr., to take time by the forelock, 
diem curpo 3. 

FOREMOST— adj. = first, q. v. 

FORENOON — subst., phr., tertla, 
qudrtd, or quinta hora. Sometimes fore- 
noon may be rendered morning, q. v., 
or midday, mSridles 5 ; m^dlSs dies 5. 

FORERUN, to — V. act., praecedo 3; 
prEi'^nlo 4. 

Phr., prsevlus ?o, irr. 

FORERUNNEIU-subst. 
(a) harbinger, praenuntlUs, nuntlUs, 

prsevlus. 

Ep. swift, early, wonted, &c. 
(6) ancestor, q. v. 

FORESEE, to — V. act., prxyld^o 2 ; 
prsesclscd 3 ; prxnosco 3 ; auguro 1 ; 
augurdr 1 ; prsesentlo 4. 

JFORESHADOW, to — v. act., portendo 
3 ; monstro 1 ; ostendo 3 ; prmsdglo 4, 
(Pro]).) ; mtgurSr 1 ; auguro 1 ; signified 

1 ; denuidio 1. 

FORESIGHT— subst. = prudentla I. 

Plir., mens (3 f.) provlda. 

FOREST — subst., sUva 1 ; sometimes 
sdltus 4, nSmus 3 n., lucus 2. 

Phr., sllvdrum latebree (1 pi.), r^ceS' 
sus 4 ; fSrdrum lustra. (2 pi.), haunts of 
wild beasts. Sometimes use quercetum 

2 (oak forest), plnetum 2 (pine wood), 
&c. 

Ep. shady, pathless, ancient, se- 
cluded, leafy, &c. 

FORESTALL, to — v. act., prxciplo 

3 ; prEcurro 3 (Lucr.). 
FORETASTE, to — v. act. prsesumo 3. 
FORETAgTE — subst., perhaps plg- 

niis 3 n. 

Ep. sweet, welcome, &c. 

FORETELL, to — v. act., prx(Uco 3 ; 
prseclno 3 ; vdtlclndr 1 ; cano 3 ; atigurSr 
1 ; auguro 1 ; prsemSnSo 2 ; denuntlo 1 ; 
portendo 3 ; dlvlno 1. 



FORETELLER 



( 139 ) 



FORSWEAR 



FOKETELLER — subst. = prophet, 
votes 3 m. ; angur 3 m. 

Ep. inspired, truthful, &c. 

FORETHOUGHT — subst., prudentlu 
1 ; consilium 2. 

Ep. wise, sane, careful, &e. 

FOREWARN, to— v. act., mSnSo 2 ; 
ddmOneu 2 ; prsemuiieo 2. 

FORFEIT— subst. = fine, mulcta 1 ; 
poena 1. 

Ep. heavy, undeserved, &c. 

FORFEIT, to — V. act., amitto 3; 
perdo 3. 

FORFEIT, FORFEITED— adj., debi- 
tus. 

FORGE — subst., camlnus 2 ; forndx 
3 f. ; officlna 1. 

Ep. fiery, Vulcanian, (yuleanlus), 
vast, gUwrny, &c. 

FORGE, to— v. act. 
(a) fubrico 1 ; procMo 3 ; excudo 3 ; 

conjio 1. 

Use also flngo 3 ; formo 1 ; facto 3 ; 
efficio 3 ; duco 3. 
(&) to invent (lies, &c.) fingo 3 ; invSnio 

4; excdgito 1 (Mart.). 
(c) to forge anew, di flngo 3 ; rScdquo 3. 

FORGED— adj., = false, q. v. also 
subject us. 

FORGET, to— V. act., obllvlscSr 3; 
dedlsco 3 (lit. to unlearn). 

Phr., non memtnl, non mSmSr sum, 
immfmSr sum, mentS cadlt, ohlivld me 
capiunt, &c. ; forget not to come, fdc 
OT facito TSnlds. 

FORGETFUL— adj., immSm^, oblltus. 

Phr., 11011 m?mS^r, parum memdr, 
dbliviosus = causing forgetfulness. 

FORGETFULNESS— subst., oblivid 3 ; 
obllvtd 2 pi. 

Phr., Letliex aquse (1 pi.), Lethsea 
pocula (2 pi.), mens (3 f.) imm^mffr. 

Ep. long, jealous, unwelcome, &c. 

FORGIVE, to— V. act. 
(a) (a person) ignosco 3 ; pdrco 3 ; in- 
dulged 2. 

Phr., vSniam do (1), poenam rSmitto 
(3). 

(6) a fault, tgndsco 3 ; ea;c".so4- 
(c) a debt, remltto 3. 

FORGIVENESS — subst., vSnlil 1 ; 
often pax 3 f . 

Ep. easv, undeserved, welcome, &g. 

FORGIVING— adj., pldcdbllis, exord- 
blliSy Clemens, mitls. 



FORGO — V. act. = to resign, rMgno 
1 ; dlmitto 3 ; rSmitto 3 ; pono 3 ; ffmltto 
3. 

FORGOTTEN— adj., oblitas (once in 
Verg.) 

Phr., ment?, SnTmd, &c., Idpsiis. 

FORGOTTEN, to be— v. neut., effluo 
3 ; Intercido 3. 

FORK— subst. 
(a) a farmer's, furca 1 ; bidens 3 m. 

Ep. iron, pronged (btcorms), &c. 
(&) of branches, dngulus 2. 

Phr., rdmus blfurcus. 
(c) of a road, bivium 2. 

FORKED— adj., (of lightning) tri- 
ftdus, trlsulctis. 

FORLORN — ■ adj., ?geniis, tnops, 
paTiper, (gens, solus, desertus; often 
oj-biis, orbdtus. See Wketched. 

FORM— subst. 

(a) outward appearance, forma 1 ; 
species 5 ; figura 1 ; habitus 4. 

Ep. graceful, majestic, puny, &c. 

(b) of a hare, use cubilS 3 n. 
Ep. safe, dark, retired, &c. 
FORM, to — V. act., formo 1 ; fingo 

3 ; facto 3 ; efficio 3 ; conflcio 3 ; fab- 
rlco 1. 

V. neut. (of ice), cresco 3; in- 

crescoS; concrescoS; (of skin-forming), 
rMdo 3 (Hor. Od. ii. 20, 9). 

FORMAL — adj. = ceremonious, gra- 
vis, severus, rigldus, durus, tristls. In 
due ioTva, Justus, legltlmus. 

FORMER— adj. 
(a) pridr, often prlscus, dntiquus, vStus. 
(6) the former of two persons, ilU, 

dltSr. 

FORMERLY — adv., olim, quondam, 
prius, dnte, dntSlidc (scanned, dntehde 
as a spondee) ; hdet^nus = hitherto. 

FORMIDABLE — adj. = dreadful, 
q. V. 

FORMLESS— adj., (of chaos); phr., 
rudis indigestuquS moles (Ovid). 

FORSAKE, to — v. act. = to abandon, 
q. V. 

FORSAKEN — adj., desertus, solus, 
relict us, in coin itdt us. 

FORSOOTH — adv., scllicit, nempS, 
qulppe. 

FORSPENT — adj. = weary, q. v. 

FORSWEAR, to— V. act. 
(a) dbjuro 1 ; respuo 3 ; rScdnto 1. 



FORSWORN 



( 140 ) 



FOUL 



(6) to forswear oneself, to be perjured, 

perjuro 1 ; pejSro 1 ; mentlur i. 

FOESWOKN — adj., ■perjurug, per- 
fldus, meiidax, faUux. 

FOET— subst., urx 3 f. ; cd»tellum, 2 ; 
turrls 3 f. ; vppldum 2 ; mcenla 3 pi. 

Ep. high, inaccessible, rocky, &c. 

FOETH— adv. 

(a) must be rendered usually by ex, 
ab, pro compounded with the verb : 
e.g. egrSdlOr 3, I go forth ; emitto 3, 
I send forth. 

(b) forth = out of doors, fSrds. 

(c) from that time forth, indg. 
FOETHWITH — adv., protinus, con- 

tlnuo, eztemplo, illcSt. 

Phr. nulla mdra, nulla mSra est, haud 
mdra (est), nSc mdra. 

FOETIFY, to — v. act., miinid it 
valid 1 ; firmo 1 ; emunlo 4. 

Phr. muris, munimlnS or mcenibus 
tSgo 3, clngo 3, circumdo 1, defends 3, 
sepio 4. 

FOETITTTDE — sub8t.= courage, q. v. 

FOETNIGHT— subst., phr., hU sep- 
tem fZf'es. 

FOETEESS— subst. = fort, q. v. 

FOETUITOTJS — adj. = accidental, 
fortuitus. 

FOETTJNATE— adj . , felix,f6rtundtus, 
heatus, prospSrus, s^cundus (of things 
only), Ixtufi, faudus (of things only), 
dexter (of tilings only). 

FOETUNATELY — adv., felicmr, 

Phr., txtis OMsplens, bdnis avlhus, &c. 
FOETUNE— subst. 

(a) fortuna 1 ; sors 3 f. ; vices 3 f. pi. ; 

casus 4; fors 3 f. (nom. and abl. 

only). 
(6) good fortune, fortuna 1 ; (rarely of 

bad fortune) res (5) sScundse, Uetse, 

&c. 

Ep. smiling, golden, joyous, <S:c. 

(c) bad fortune, casus 4 (rarely of 
good fortune) ; infortunium 2 (H.) ; 
ddversa 2 pi. ; mala 2 pi. ; labor es 
3 m. pi. 

Phr., res (5) ddversx, sors (3 f.) ds- 
pSra,fdtl inclementia (1). 

Ep. sudden, fatal, undeserved, &c. 

(d) goods, res 5 ; bdna 2 pi. ; dpes 3 f. 
pi. ; diritlx 1 pi. ; gdzm 2 pi. 
FOETTTNE-HUNTEE — subst., cdp- 

tdtdr 3 m. (H.). 



FOETTINE-TELLEE— subst., sdgS 1 ; 

magus 2. 

Ep. deceitful, foreknowing, &c. 

FOEWAEB — adv., porro, usually ex- 
pressed by pro, compt)unded with the 
verb, e.g. prod^d irr., I go forward ; jn-o- 
jlclo, I throw forward. 

FOEWAED— adj. 
(a) eager, q. v. 
(6) premature, immdturus, criidus, Scer- 

bus. 

FOEWAED, to— V. act., sScundo 1 ; 
favSo 2; juvo 1; ddjuvo 1; prdtndvid 
2 ; prov^ho 3 ; extendo 3. 

FOSSE— subst., /o8«a 1. 

Ep. deep, inaccessible, &c. 

FOSSIL — subst. Use phrase, e.g. 
ssxH mSnumentd (2 pi.) prtorls, ossd 
(3 pi.) s?puUa ; so too relllqu'ise (1 pi.), 
signa (1 pi.), monstrd (2 pi.), &c., with 
ejjithets. 

Ep. dry, dried up, long-buried, 
strange, &c. 

FOSTEE, to— V. act., fdvSo 2 ; a/d 3 ; 
nutrio 4 ; pdsco 3 ; send 1 ; tu?6r 2. 

FOSTEE-CHILD— subst., alumnUs 2. 

Ep., dear, cherished, &c. 

FOSTEEING— adj., bSnignils, sedulUs, 
offlcloms. 

FOSTEE-FATHEE— subst., dltik 3. 

FOSTEE - MOTHEE, FOSTEE- 
NUESE— subst., dlirlx 3 f., nutrix 3 f. 

Ep. careful, diligent, loving, &c. 

FOTIIr— adj. 

(a) dirty, sordidiis, immuitdus, faedus, 
turpis, squdlidiis, squdleiis, spureUs 
(Mart.), tet^r. 

(b) wicked, turpis, foedus, nffdndus, in- 
fditdus, implus, sc?Urdtus, scilestus, 
malus, immdnls, imprdbus. 

(c) ugly, turpis, informls, deformts, 6b- 
seenus, fcedus, horrldus. 

(d) of weather, foul weather = a stormy 
sky, procellosus, hlbemus, ventosus, 
nimbosus, pluvlus, pluvldlls, imbrlfSr. 
See Stokm, Kain, &c. 

Phr., non trdctdbllg caelum, malus 
JuppitSr. 

(e) a foul wind = a contrary wind, 
ddversus, contrdrlus, Inlmicus. 

Phr., non s^cundus, non suus. See 
Fair (c). 
(J) foul play = fraud, q. v. 

FOITL, to — V. net., fcedo 1; inqulno 
1 ; Ihio 3 ; Sbllno 3 ; illlno 3 ; colltnd 3. 



FOUL-MOUTHED 



( 141 ) 



FRAUGHT 



FOUL - MOTJTHED — adj., perhaps 
mordax, amdrus. Translate by convicid 

2 pi. (abuse) ; e.g. he is a foul-mouthed 
fellow, convicia jactat, fundlt, dicU, 
faclt, &c. 

FOULNESS— subst. = filth, q. v. 
FOUND, to — V. did., f undo 1; condo 

3 ; statud 3 ; constUiio 3 ; pond 3 ; striio 
3 ; exstruo 3 ; mollor 4. 

Phr., fundaments, fundumina, ISco 
1, pono 3, &c. ; muros, or mosnla, jacio 
3, toUo, irr., &c. 

FOUNDATION — subst., fumldmen 
3 n. ; funddmcntum 2. 

Ep. deep, solid, stone, &e 

FOUNDEB — subst., funddtdr 3 m. ; 
conditdr 3 m. ; auctbr 3 m. ; molit&r 
3 m. ; pdsltvr 3 m. 

Ep. ancient, first, famous, &c. 

FOUNDER, to — V. neut., (of a ship) 
sldo 3 (Prop.) ; mergdr 3 ; submergdr 3 ; 
ohruOr 3 ; demerger 3. 

FOUNDLING— subst. Use puSr (2) 
orbug, infdns (3 n.) orhus or desertus, 

FOUNT, FOUNTAIN— subst., fons 
3 m. ; sometimes vena 1, drigo 3 f. 

Ep. sacred, bubbling, babbling, 
wandering, perennial, living, bright, 
transparent, glassy, pure, swift, &c. 

FOUR — num. adj., qudttuSr. 

Phr., bis duS. 

FOURTH— adj., qudrtus. A fourth 
time, quarto. 

FOUR TIMES— adv., quatgr. 

FOWL— subst. 
(a) bird, q. v. 
lb) chicken, gdlllnd 1 (Mart.). 

Phr., cShortis aves, farm-yard fowls. 

Ep. tender, unfledged, &c. 

FOWLER — subst., auceps, 3 m. 

Ep. cunning, eager for prey, &c. 

FOWLING — subst., aucuplum 2 
(Prop.). 

Phr., to go a-fowling, aves, &c., 
calamo, lino, pSdicis, &c. ; cdpto 1, 
fuUo 3; avibus, &c. retla, insldlds, 
luquSos tendo 3, pono 3, &c. 

FOX — subst., vulpes, 3 f. 

Ep. crafty, lurking, red, &c. 

FOXGLOVE— subst., bdccdr 3 n. 

FOXHOUND— subst., cams 3 m. ; 
catulus 2 ; Mdlosstis 2 ; Lucon 3 m. ; 
Vmber 2. 

Ep. eager, keen, sagacious, &c. 



FOXHUNTER— subst., vendtik 3 m. ; 
vendtrlx 3 f. 

FOXLIKE— adj. = artful (6), q v. 

FRAGILE— adj. 
(a) frdgllls, tSnSr, lns6lidus. 
(6) frail, q. v. 

FRAGMENT— subst., /ragfrra^n 3 n.; 
frdgmentain 2. 

Ep. huge, broken off, rough, &c. 

FRAGRANCE— subst., 8d8r 3 m. ; 
hdlltus 4 ; aura 1. 

Ep. welcome, familiar, &c. 

FRAGRANT— adj., ddorus, ddordtus, 
ddorlfir, frdgrdns, rSdiRens, hdldns, 
dlens, dmJbrOsius. 

FRAIL — adj., fragilts, cadueus, brS- 
vis, infirmus, debllis, Idnguens, fugdx. 'j 

FRAILTY— subst., mobilitds 3 f. ; 
IS vitas 3 f . ; incdnstuntta 1. 

Ep. weak, light, &c. 

FRAME, to— V. act. 
(a) to form, q. v. 
(fe) to contrive, q. v. 
(c) to invent, fingo 3 ; invSnio 4 ; ex- 

cogtto 1 (Mart.). 

FRAME — subst. = form, q. v. 
_FRAMER— subst., fabricdtdr 3 m. ; 
auctdr 3 m. 

FRANK — adj., ingSnuus, simplex, 
cdndidiis, sincerus (Mart.). 

FRANKINCENSE— subst., tus 3 n. 

Phr., turffd dona (2 pi.), tiiris ddores 
(3 pi.), &c. 

Ep. Eastern, Sabean, smoking, odo- 
rous, fragrant, pious, &c. 

FRANKNESS — subst., simpllcitds 
3 f . ; cdnddr 3 m. 

Phr., IngSnium 2 simplex, &c. 

Ep. ojien, bare, guileless, &c. 

FRANTIC — adj., demens, dmens, In- 
sdnus, mulesdnus, lymphdtus, vesdnus, 
furens, recors, furiosus. 

FRATERNAL— adj.,/ra<ernM8; some- 
times cogndtiis, consdnguinSus. 

FRATERNITY — subst. = brother- 
hood (a) and (6), q.v. 

FRAUD— subst., fraus 3 f. ; ddlus 2 
often with mains ; fdlldcia 1 ; InvidlE 
1 pi., perfidia 1, scSlus 3 n., n?fds 3 n. 
(indec). 

Ep. base, secret, lying, prepared, &c. 

FRAUDFUL, FRAUDULENT— adj. 
= deceitful q. v. 

FRAUGHT— part. = laden, ifnuatiis. 



FRAY 



( 142 ) 



FRIAR 



dnSrdtm, pleniis, gravis, grdvdtus, rSfer- 
tus, abunddns, rSpletm. 
FEAY— subst. 

(a) battle, pugna 1 ; prodlum 2 ; certd- 
m^n 3 n. ; deles 5 ; Mdrs 3 m. 

Ep. bloody, stubborn, nocturnal, 
deadly, doubtful, &c. 

(b) strife, rixa 1 ; jurgtum 2; lis 3 f. ; 
slmtUtds 3 f . 

Ep. eager, fierce, pitiable, &c. 

FRAY, to — V. act. = to rub or wear, 
t^ro 3 ; (letiro 3. 

FEEAK — subst., jScus 2 ; lug&t 4 ; 
ludm 2. 

Ep. foolish, sportive, idle, &c. 

FBECKLE, to — y. act., perhaps md- 
culo 1. Use also torrSo 2 ; infield 3 ; 
eOIoro 1. 

FEECKLE— subst. Use macula 1; 
nSta 1. 

FEEE— adj. 

(a) UhSr. 

Phr., free to return, rSvertendi lihSr 
(Ov.). 

(b) frank, q. v. 

(c) free from, liMr, sSlutm, expers, 
vdcuiis, immunis, exsors. 

FEEE, to — V. act., Ub^ro 1 ; 80^170 3 ; 
expi^dlo 4 ; expltco 1 ; exlmo 3 ; vlndico 
1 ; dssSro 3. 

FEEEBOOTEE— subst., Idtro 3 m.; 
prsedo 3 m. 

Ep. lawless, cruel, &c. 

FEEEBOEN— adj., UbSr, inggnuus. 

FEEEDMAN— subst., libertus 2 (H.) ; 
libertinus 2 (H.). 

Ep. trustv, &c. 

FEEEDOM— subst., libertds 8 f . 

FEEELT — adv., Idrge, b^nigne, abun- 
de, IdrgitSr (H.), lldntir (H.), llcentlus 
(Verg.) ; sometimes grdtis. 

Phr., to speak more freely, verbis 
pStuldntlm uti (Ov. Her. xvi. 245). 

FEEEMAN— subst., libgr. 

FEEESPOKEN — adj., verdx, sim- 
plex, sinceriis (Mart.). 

FEEEZE, to — V. neut. 
(a) cdrui^lo 1 ; cdncresco 3 ; indiresco 3 ; 

rigesco 3 ; gSldr 1 (Mart.) ; gldclo 1. 

V. act. 

(a) cong^o 1 ; diird 1 ; indHro 1 ; gSlo 1 
(Mart.); glaclo 1. 

(b) used figuratively, like curdle (c), 
q. V. 



FEEIGHT, to— V. act., dngro 1 ; grS- 
vo 1 ; r?pUo 2 ; impUd 2 ; complSo 2 ; 
explPo 2 ; cumulo 1 ; dcerco 1. 

FEEIGHT— subst., ^hus 3 n. ; some- 
times poiulus 3 n. 

Ep. precious, sought, &c. 

FEENZIED— adj. = frantic, q. v. 

FEENZY — subst. insdnld 1 ; demen- 
tia 1 ; furdr 3 m.; dmentld 1. 

Phr., furoris stimuli 2 pi., ictOs 4 pi., 
impetus 'i,&c. Sometimes use tra 1. 

Ep. wild, unbridled, heaven-sent, &c. 

FEEftXTENCY— subst. Translate by 
part., rifpi^tltus, ItSrdtus, freqiiens. 

T'REQ.V'Ein:—ad}.,frf quern, mrdtiis, 
rSpStitus, crebifr, multiis, plurlmus; 
sometimes demiis, spissUs. 

FEEQTIENT, to— v. act., celebro 1 ; 
frSquentd 1 ; colo 3. 

FEEQUENTLY— adv. = often sxpS, 
sseplus, crebro, rulgo, dssldue,frSqueniiry 
frSquentlus (both rare), persmpS. 

FEESH— adj. 
(o) cold, frigens, frlgidus, g^tdiis, egSll- 

dUs (coldish), purus. 
(Z>) new, ndvus, rScens, intdctUs ; homUs 

(of com, lit. "of this year," Hor. 

Odes, iii. 23, 3). 

(c) vigorous, dc^r, lEtus, rdlldus, vivl- 
dus, vlgens, implgSr, cridus. 

(d) not salt, (of water) dulcls. 
FEESH-BLOWN— adj., recens. 
FEESHEN, to— v. neut. (of wind) 

crebresco 3 ; increbresco 3 ; cresco 3. 

FEESHET— subst., torrens 3 m. 

Ep. sudden, mountain, &c. 

FEESHNESS— subst. = vigour, vlgSr 
3 m. ; fus 3 m. 

Ep. first, youthful, &c. 

FEET, t^— V. act. 
(a) to wear away, tiro 3 ; det^ro 3. 
(fe) to vex, q. V. 
(c) to be vexed, qu^rdr 3 ; conqu?r5r 3 ; 

dSl?o 2 ; rex6r 1 ; solllcltdr 1 ; IdcessSr 

3 ; Idboro 1. 

FEETFUL— adj., qrigrulus, quSrens, 
flebills, lacrlniosus. 

FEETTED— part., Idqufdtus. 

FEETWORK— subst., perhaps phr., 
dpus (3 n.) cceldtum. 

FEIAEr— subst. Use frdtgr 3 m. ; 
sometimes sdcerdos 3. 

Ep. hoary, barefooted, wandering, 
&c. 



FKIEND 



( 143 ) 



FROWARD 



FBIENS — subet., amicus 2. Some- 
times = comrade, q. v. ; for typical 
friends, see Ov. Trist. I. v. 19-24; 
ix. 27-34. 

Ep. loyal, beloved, sure, &c. 

FRIENDLESS— adj. = forlorn, q. v. 

FEIENDLY — adj., amicus; some- 
times sOclus, h^nignus, favens. 

FRIENDSHIP— subst., dmlcltla 1 ; 
amSr 3 m. ; often cdncordia 1 ; foedus 
3 n. ; gratia 1 ; sQddlltlum 2 ; officlum 2. 

Phr., amicitix vinculo. 2 pi., fadus 
3 n., pectdra 3 pi. juncta or junctis- 
glmn, amorls fides 5. 

Ep. close, lasting, ancient, &c. 

FRIEZE — subst., gausapa 1 ; gausapi 
3 n. ; gausapa 2 pi. 

Ep. coarse, thick, &c. 

FRIGATE — subst., Llburna (Hor. 
Epode i. 1). See Ship. 

FRIGHT— subst., ierrSr 3 m. ; tim<ir 

3 m. ; pavdr 3 m. ; formido 3 f. ; m^tus 

4 ; trSmSr 3 m. ; horrdr 3 m. 

Ep. sudden, nocturnal, womanlv, &c. 

FRIGHTEN, to— v. act., terred 2; coii- 
UrrSo 2 ; exterreo 2 ; perterrSo 2 ; territo 
1 ; terrified 1 ; trSmefacXd 3 ; pavPfaclo 3 ; 
harrifico 1 ; turbo 1 ; consterno 3 ; ex- 
stemo 3 ; exanimo 1. 

FRIGHTENED— adj. Use participles 
of verbs above, also amens, thnidus. 

FRIGHTIIJL— adj., horrendus, vn^tu- 
endus, horribills, formiddbilis, formid- 
dndUs, gravis, minax, ssevus, dspSr, 
atrox,f6rmid(^dsus, dirus, trux, imindnis. 

FRIGID— adj. 

(a) cold, q. v. 

(b) dull, tardus, MbSs. 

FRINGE — subst., llmbus 2. Use 
also murgo 3 m. & f. ; ord 1. 

Ep. hanging, purple, &c. 

FRINGE, to— V. act., prsetexo 3; 
circHmdo 1 ; cingo 3. 

FRINGED — adj., prmtextus, circHm- 
textus, circumdutus. 

FRISE, to — V. neut., ludo 3 ; luxurio 
1 ; salto 1 ; exsulto 1 ; salW 4 ; Idscivlo 4. 

FRISKILY — adv., exsultim (Hor. 
Od. iii. 11, 10). 

FRISKY — adj., luseivUs, prdtervus. 

FRITH — subst. = strait of sea, 
frStum 2. 

Eji. narrow, surging, rocky, fishy, &c. 

FRIVOLOUS— adj., iSvls, lndnls,fu- 
tilis. 



FRO— adv. 

Phr., to and fro, 7/mc illuc. 

FROCK— subst. 
(a) long dress of women, stdld 1 ; 

pdlld 1 ; institd 1. 
(&) of men, use tunlcd 1 ; perhaps sa- 

gum 2. See Cloak. 

FROG — subst., rdiiS 1. 

Ep. marshy, ugly, croaking, trouble- 
some, &c. 

FROLIC — subst., ludus 2 ; jScus 2 (pi. 
I or a) ; lusHs 4 ; risus 4. 

Ep. sportive, idle, nocturnal, &c. 

FROLIC, to— V. neut., Iddo 3. 

Phr. jdcos, ludos, &c. tento 1, mOvSo 
2, &c. 

FROLICSOME— adj . , jdcosiis, hilar is, 
Idscivus, prdtervus, festus; sometimes 
alacir. 

FROM — prep., a, ab, ex, de, often 
compounded with verb, e.g. dbrlpio 3, 
I snatch from. 

FROND— subst. = leaf, q. v. 

FRONT— subst., frons 3 f . ; generally 
in phrases, e.g. the front of the line, 
prima ucies ; in front of the house, 
ante ddmum, &c. In front, adj. jn-se- 
vlUs. 

FRONT, to— V. act., obsto 1 ; obsisfo 3. 

Phr., obvius sum, with dative ; contra 
sio 1, oppono 3, me tlbi, &c. 

FRONTIER — subst., fines 3 pi.; 
confinia 2 pi. 

Ep. outside, distant, &c. 

FRONTLET— subst., of horses, pha- 
iSrse 1 pi. 

Ep. gilded, ornamented, shining, &c. 

FROST— subst., g?lu 4 (abl. only); 
frigus 3 n. ; pruina 1. Often use 
glacies 5 (ice), nix 3 f. (snow), bruma 1, 
hiems 3 f. 

Ep. wintry, keen, sudden, cruel, &c. 

FROSTY — adj., gglldus, glScidlis, 
frigidus, htberrv&s, pruinosiis ; perhaps 
nivalis. 

FROTH — subst. = foam, spuma 1; 
dspergo 3 f . (of the sea). 

Ep. white, salt, leajiing, &c. 

FROTH, to — V. neut., sjmmo 1 ; 
spumesco 3 ; xstud 1. 

FROTHY — adj., spdmosus, spumous. 

FROWARD — adj., difflcllU, morosus, 
tStrlcus, dsper, sSverus, prdtervus, prd- 
cdx, imprdbus. 



FROWN 



( 144 ) 



FURNACE 



FROWN— V. neut. 

Fhr., frontem contraho 3. 

FKOWN— subst. 

Phr., frans 3 f. contracts, gffvera, 
torva ; tristS siipercilium 2 ; nUbes 3 f . 
or ruga 1 ; frontis. Sometimes trlstitla 
1 ; mp?rUas 3 f . 

FBOZEN — adj., gSldtus, concretus, 
durdtug, ddstrictus, constrictus, torpens, 
glacldlts. 

FBITGAL — adj., pdrcus, mddestus, 
sobrius. 

Phr., pdrvo contentus, or hSdtus ; 
frugal fare, coina 1 hrSvls, vtctus 4 
tffnuls. 

FRFGALITY— subst. = thrift, q. v. 

FRUIT— subst. 
(a) fructus 4 ; pomS 2 pi. ; fetus 4 ; 

proientUs 4 ; hdca 1. 

Ep. ripe, early, sweet, &c. 
(fe) fruits of the earth, i.e. com, friges 

3 f. pi. ; fetus 4 ; s^gSs 3 f . ; messis 

3 f. ; C^res 3 f. ; frumentum 2. 

Ep. yellow, ripened, abundant, &c. 
(3) fruit of the womb, offspring, proles 

3 f. ; subdies 3 f. ; progenies 5 f. ; 

prdpdgo 3 f . ; fetus 4 ; pdrtus 4. 

Ep. longed-for, beloved, worthy, &c. 
(d) result, e.g. the fruits of victory, 

toil, &c., prsemlum 2 ; munus 3 n. ; 

merces 3 f . ; lucrum 2 ; pdrtum 2. 

Ep. fitting, desired, &c. 

FRTJITFITL— adj. 
(a) of trees, pomifSr. 
(6) of the earth, &c., fecundits, fertilis, 

fSrdx, uhSr,fruglfSr,felix, Isetus, gSni- 

tabil'is (Lucr.). 
(c) with " in," abunddns, divSs, plenus, 

ffrdx, fertilis. 

FRUITLESS— adj., irrXtiis, vanus, Xn- 
dnis, tnutilis, s^tSrilis. 

FRUSTRATE, to— v. act. = to baffle, 
frmtrdr 1 ; eludo 3. 

FRY, to— V. act, frigo 3. 

FUEL — subst., ligna 2 pi. ; allmen- 
tum 2 ; nutrlmentum 2 ; nutrim^n 3 n. 

Ep. dry, collected, &c. 

FUGITIVE— adj. 
(o) runaway, fugdx, fUgltivus (rare ; 

usually means an escaped slave), 

fiiglens, prdfugus ; sometimes exul 

(an exile), 
(fe) fleeting, q. v. 

FULFIL, to — V. act. = to accomplish 
(a), q. V. 



FULFILMENT- subst., sometimes 
fides 5 ; exltus 4 (Fasti, vi. 565) 
Translate by participle, e.g. the fulfil- 
ment of my wishes = rata vota (2 pi.). 

FULL— adj. 

(a) copious, plenus, distentus, vibSr. 

(b) full of, plenus, implefus, r^pletus, rS- 
fertus, abunddns, r^dunddns, divSs. 
Full moon, luna plena (Lucr.). 
FULLBLOWN— adj., perhaps a']^r- 

tus, mdturus. 

FULLY— adv., pgnltUs. 

FULSOME — adj. Use vXmlus, ImmS- 
dlcus. 

FUME, to — V. neut. = to be angry, 
q. V. 

FUMES— subst., vap8r 3 m. 

FUMIGATE, to— V. act, svfflo 4; 
vapor 1. 

FUN — subst., jScUs 2 (plural -t m. 
and -an.); ludus 2 ; lusils 4 ; risiis 4. ; 

Ep. sportive, kindly, childish, &c. 

FUNERAL— subst., exsSqulse 1 pi. 
funus 3 n. ; justa 2 pi. ; often s^pul- 
chrum 2, rdgus 2, faces 3 f. pi. 

Phr., ferdlls ^ompa (1), exs^quidlis 
hSnSr (3 m.), supremus hSnos (3 m.), 
fldmma (1) rdgdlis, supremum munus 
(3), &c. 

Ep. mournful, dark, splendid, sordid, 
&c. 

FUNEREAL— adj., funSrSus, fune- 
brls, exsSguidUs, sSpulchrdlls, feralls ; 
sometimes rdgdlis, supremus. 

FUNNEL— subst., perhaps comu 4 
(cf. Verg. Georg. iii. 509). 

FUNNY — adj., jdcosus, jucundus, ht- 
laris, Ifpidus (Cat.). 

FUR— subst. No exact equivalent. 
Use Idna 1 ; villus 2 ; pellls 3. Fur- 
clad, pellitus. 

FURBISH, to— v. act., rSniivd 1 ; rS- 
ficio 3 ; tergSo 2 ; pdlio 4. 

FURIOUS — adj., furlosm, furens, fH- 
rldtUs, furibundus, demens, dmens, in- 
sdnus, lymphdtus, irdtus, rabldus, Ird- 
cundus. 

Phr., ird, fiiror^, or furiis tncensUs^ 
stimuldtus, csecus, &c. ; sometimes impS- 
tens (Hor. Od. iii. 30, 3). 

FURL, to — V. act., contraho 3; l?go 
3 ; subdued 3 ; tralio 3 (Verg. Georg. 
iv. 117). 

FURNACE— subst., forndx 3 f . ; ca- 
minus 2. 



FURNISH 



( 145 ) 



6AINLESS 



Ep. fiery, Vulcanian {Vulcdniiis), 
glowing, &c. 

FITENISH, to— V. act. 

(a) prsebeo 2 ; su field 3 ; minlstrd 1 ; 
paro 1 ; dol; suppedlto 1 ; porrigo 3 ; 
prmsto 1. 

(b) to furnish with, Instruo 3 ; orno 1 ; 
drmo 1. 

FTTKNITTTRE— subst., supellex 3 f. 

Ep. old, cheap, splendid, &c. 

FUREOW— subst. 
(o) sulcus 2. 

Ep. dra^vn by plough, long, deep, &c. 
(2) wrinkle, sulcus 2 ; ruga 1. 

Ep. aged (senilis, atiilis), &c. 

FURROW, to— V. act., sulco 1 ; aro 
1 ; ddduco 3 (of the skin) ; exaro 1 ; 
pSraro 1. 

FURRY— adj. Use vtllosus. 

FURTHER— adv., ultra, ultSrlus, lon- 
gliis, amplius. [q. v. 

FURTHER, to— V. act. = to forward, 

FURTHEST- adj., ulftmus, extremus. 

FURTIVE— adj., furtivus, occultus, 
iacXtus, tectus, secretus. 

FURY— subst. 
(a) furdr 3 m. ; ira 1 ; rabies 5 ; insania 

1 ; dementia 1 ; sometimes saevitia 1, 

furisR 1 pi., hills 3 f., d6l6r 3 m. 

Ep. dire, unbridled, heaven-sent, &c. 
(6) The Furies, Furlse 1 pi. ; EuvnMnldes 

3 pi. ; dirst 1 pi. ; Srlmipes 3 pi. 

Ep. Tartarean {TdrtarSus) Stygian 
(^Stpgius), dread, snaky-haired, &c. 

FURZE — subst. Use instead gfnlsta 
1 (broom) ; ruhus 2 ; rubetum 2 (bram- 
ble). 

Ep. yellow, thorny, mountain, &c. 

FUSE, to — V. act. = to melt, q. v. 

FUSS — subst., tumultus 4 ; turhd 1. 

FUSTIAN— subst. = coarse cloth, 
gausapg 3 n. ; gausapa 2 pi. 

Ep. coarse, woven, &c. 

FUTILE — a,dj., vdnus, irrltus, tneptiis. 

FUTURE — adj., futurus, venturus, 
vSnlens, postSrus. 

FUTURE— subst., futurum 2; ven- 
turum 2 ; ventura 2 pi. ; eventura 2 pi. 

Phr., futurum or venturum tempus 
(3 n.),futura or ventura ssecula (2 pi.). 
So dies 5 ; fata 2 pi. ; casus 4 ; mvum, 2 ; 
dnni 2 pi. ; liora 1 ; setds 3 f. ; sws 3 f., 
with epithets. 

Ep. doubtful, blind, &c. 



G 

GABBLE, to — ^v. neut. See Chatter, 

TO. 

GABERDINE — subst. See Frock 
(6). 

GABLE — subst., (of a house) fdsti- 
glum 2. See Eoof. 

Ep. high, pointed, &c. 

GAD, to — V. neut., vagdr 1. 

GADFLY — subst., cestriis 2 ; asllus 2. 

Ep. troublesome, stinging, humming, 
&c. 

GAG, to — V. act., claudo 3 ; cdercSo 
2 ; freno 1 ; rSfreno 1 ; cdhlbSo 2 ; ddrno 
1 ; prSmo 3 ; rSprlmo 3 ; cmnprlmo 3. 

GAG — subst. Use frenum 2. 

GAGE — subst., pignus 3 n. 

Ep. sacred, plighted, &c. 

GAGE, to — V. act. = to pledge, pa- 
clscSr 3 ; pdngo 3 ; spondSo 2 ; pro- 
mltto 3. 

Phr., /rdem dd (1), obstringo (3). 

GAIETY— subst., Ixtltia 1 (no plu- 
ral); gaudlum 2. 

GAILY — adv., liete, gSnldllter. See 
Gay. 

GAIN, to — V. act. 

(a) paro 1 ; parlo 3 ; pdtlSr 3 and 4 ; 
adlplscdr 3 ; f(fro, irr ; lucrdr 1 ; caplo 
3 ; qusero 3. 

Phr., lucrum f add (3), lucro dppono 
(3), to count as gain. 

(b) to reach, tdngo 3 ; p8tiSr 3 and 
4 ; i^M^o 2 ; caplo 3 ; adeio, irr. ; dt- 
tingo 3 ; contingo 3. 

(c) to gain a victory, vinco 3, used in- 
transitively. 

(d) to gain over to one's side, conci- 
liate, conclllo 1 ; demSrSo 2. 

V. neut., in a race, use jpr^mo 3 ; 

subSo, irr. ; urg^o 2. 

GAIN — subst., lucrum 2; compen- 
dium 2 ; compendia 2 pi. ; sometimes 
MSMs 4:,fructus 4, cammddum 2, utllltds 
3 f., emdlumentum (Lucr.). 

Ep. abundant, well-deserved, hard- 
earned, &c. 

GAINFUL — adj., lucrosus, commons, 
utllls. 

GAINLESS — adj., Xnutilis, Indnis, Ir- 
rltus, vdnus. 

h 



GAINSAY 



( 146 ) 



GAOL 



GAINSAY, to— 

(a) to contradict, q. v. 
(6) to deny (a), q. v. 

'GAINST — prep. = against, q. v. 

GAIT— subst. 
(a) way, Tid 1 ; ItSr 3 n. ; cursus 4. 
(6) manner of walking, incessm 4 ; gra- 

dus 4 ; gressus 4. See AiR (d). 

Ep. stately, royal, modest, &c. 

GAITER— subst., pero 3 m. ; dcr^ 1 
pi. 

Ep. thick, leathern, rustic, &c. 

GALAXY — subst. See Assembly. 

GALE— subst. 
(a) breeze, q. v. 
(6) storm, q. v. 

subst., a plant, use mprica 1. 

GALL — subst. 

(a) galla 1 (Verg. Georg. iv. 267). 

(b) bitterness of temper, bills 3 f. ; ira 
1; fel3 n. See Bitterness. 

Ep. black, hot, angry, &c. 

GALL, to — V. act., uro 3; pSruro ; 
dttSro 3. See Fret, to ; Vex, to. 

GALLANT— adj. 
(a) beautiful, fine (d), q. v. 
(Jb) brave, q. v. 

(c) courteous, q. v. 
GALLANT— subst. 

(a) a youthful knight. Use juvSnXs 3 

m. ; SquSs 3 m. 

Ep. armed, eager, valiant, &c. 
(6) lover, amdtSr 3 m.; prdciis 2 ; amdns 

3 m. 

GALLANTLY— adv., /or«<^r, dcrltgr, 
auddct^r, constdntSr. 

GALLANTRY— subst. 
(a) magnificence, splenddr 3 m. ; niWr 

3 m. ; fdstiis 4. 

Ep. royal, excessive, proud, &c. 
(fe) bravery, virtus 3 f ; animus 2 ; vis 

3 f ; constdntla 1. 

Ep. distinguished, noble, manly, &c. 
(c) courtship, am8r 3 m. ; studlum 2. 

Ep. eager, glowing, &c. 

GALLED — adj., pSrustus. 

GALLEON— subst. See Ship. 

GALLERY — subst. Use porticus 4 
f. ; cdlumnm 1 pi. 

Ep. long, marble, receding, &c. 

GALLEY- subst. See Ship. 

GALLEY-SLAVE— subst. See Slave. 



GALLING— adj. 
See Bitter (b). 



annoying, bitter. 



GALLOP, to — v. neut., (of the horse) 
use vdlo 1 ; prOpSro 1 ; curro 3 ; fSr&r, 
irr. ; festlno 1. 

Phr., cur&u ddmlsso, clto, or anhelo 
^0, irr. A galloping horse, ddmissus 
Squiis. 

V. act., (of the rider) urgSo 2. 

Phr., frhia or habends do (1). 

GALLOP — subst., cursus 4. 

Ep. unrestrained, furious, headlong, 
&c. 

GALLOWS— subst., crdx 3 f . ; per- 
haps drbdr (3 f .), infellx, funesta, &c. 

Ep. base, cruel, &c. 

GAMBLE, to — V. neut. 

Phr., tdlis ludo (3) = to play with 
dice. 

V. act. with " away," perdo 3 ; 

dbsumo 3. 

GAMBLER— subst., lusSr 3 m. 

Ep. mad, foolish, &c. 

GAMBLING— subst., dm 1. 

Ep. rash, foolish, ruinous, deceitful, 

doubtful, &c. 

GAMBOL, to— V. neut., IMo 3 ; luxii- 
rlo 1 ; ld>>civio 4 ; exsuUo 1. 

GAMBOL — subst., ludus 2; liisus 4; 
sdltus 4. 

Ep. childish, joyous, &c. 

GAME— subst. 
(a) Judus 2 ; lusils 4. Use &]soj6c&s2; 

nugse 1 pi. (H.). 

Ep. joyous, boyish, idle, &c. 
(6) of birds, animals, &c., use preida 1. 

Translate by names of birds, ani- 
mals, &c. ; e.g. ap^r 2 (wild boar). 

Ep. timid, woodland, mountain, &c. 
(c) public games, ludi 2 pi. ; spectdcu- 

lum 2 ; ludlcra 2 pi. (H.). 

Ep. public, thronged, &c. 

GAMESOME — adj., = frolicsome, 
q. V. 

GAMESTER— subst., lusifr 3 m. 

Ep. mad, foolish, &c. 

GAMMON — subst., (of bacon) pemS 
1 (H.); pgtaso 3 m. (Mart.); pgta- 
sujwulus 2 (Juv.) 

Ep. dry, smoky, &c. 

GANDER— subst. dnsSr 3 m. 

GANG, to — V. neut. = to go, q. v. 

GANG— subst. See Band. 

GANGWAY— subst.,/£i'n 2 (pi. only). 

GAOL — subst., cdrcSr 3 m. Often 
use vlncrda 2 pi. ; daustra 2 pi. 

Ep. iron, dark, barred, &c. 



GAOLER 



( 147 ) 



GATHER 



GAOLER — subst., (ustos 3; perhaps 
rlgil 3. 

Ep. stern, trusty, &c. 

GAP — subst. See Breach. 

Plir., interlucetqug cdrona non tam 
spissa vlris = there is a gap in the 
ring of warriors (Verg. J^n. ix. 508). 

GAPE, to— V. neut. 

(a) to yawn, hid 1. 

(b) to split or ojien, hto 1; Msco 3; 
dShuco 3 ; findor 3 ; apSrlSr 4 ; scin- 
ddr 3 ; fatlsco 3. 

Phr., rimds ago (3), duco (3). 

(c) to be astonished at, stuped 2; Inhto 1. 
GABB — subst. = dress, q. v. 
GARBLE, to — V. act., vltio 1 ; cor- 

rumpo 3. 

GARDEN— subst., hortus 2 ; vlretd 
2 n. pi. ; sepjtd 2 pi. (Cat.) ; rdsetum 2 
(rose garden) ; rdsdrid 2 pi. (rose 
gardens) ; vidldrla 2 pi. (violet beds). 
Ep. cultivated, fertile, &c. 
GARDENER— subst. Use cultdr 3 m. 
Phr., hortdrum curd 1 ; custos 3 m. ; 
iihtdr 3 m., market gardener (H.) ; 
vitisdtdr 3 m., vine grower ; putdtdr 3 m. 
(Mart.), a pruner ; fronddtdr 3 m., a 
dresser of trees. 

Ep. diligent, skilful, &c. 

GARISH — adj. = gaudy, q. v. 

GARLAND — subst., curond 1 ; sertd 
2 pi. ; vitta 1. Use names of flowers 
or plants, e.g. roses, violets, bay, pars- 
ley, &c. 

Ep. fresh, woven, short-lived, festal, 
&c. 

GARLANDED — participial adj., cdro- 
ndtus, vlttdtus. 

Phr., cGrond, sertis, rSsts, &c. ; vinctus, 
rSdimltus, impSditus, implicltus, inciiw- 
tus. 

GARLIC — subst., allium 2, sing, or 
pi. 

Ep. smelling, disgusting, &c. 

GARMENT— subst. See Dress. 

GARNER — subst., horr^um 2, sing, 
or pi. ; grdndrid 2 pi. (H.). 

Ep. huge, full, rustic, &c. 

GARNER, to— V. act., condo 3. 

GARNET— subst. Use gemma 1 ; 
Idpls 3 m. ; Idpillus 2 (H., Mart.), with 
epithets of colour. 

GARNISH, to— V. act. = to adorn, 
q. V. 



GARRET— subst., ccendculum 2 (H., 
Juv.). 

Ep. high, near roof, narrow, &c. 
GARRISON — subst., prxsidium 2. 
Ep. strong, brave, &c. 
GARRULITY— subst., gdrrulttds 3 f. 
Ep. troublesome, pertinacious (Im- 
prdhd), excessive, &c. 

GARRULOUS — adj., ISqudx, gdrrulus, 
multildquiis (Plautus). 

GARTER— subst., ggnudlld 3 pi. Use 
also ligdmen 3 n. ; vinclum 2. 

GASH, to — V. act., vulnero 1 ; f^rlo 4 ; 
sometimes haurlo 4, dperio 4. See 
Wound, to. 

GASH — subst., vulnus 3 n. ; pldgS 1 ; 
ictus 4. 

Ep. deep, deadly, bloody, &c. 
GASP, to — V. neut., dnhelo 1 ; some- 
times slnguUo 1. 

Phr., slngulto (1) anXmam, singidtus 
mitto (3), slngultu pectus quatio (3), &c. 
GASP — subst., singultus, 4. 
Ep. deep, panting, &c. 
GATE — subst., porta 1. Sometimes 
use dditus 4 (approach) ; jdnud 1 ; 
fdres 3 f. pi. (door) ; limSn 3 n 
(threshold) ; vestlbulum 2 ; or portleus 
4 f . (porch). 

Ep. open, closed, high, broad, nar- 
row, brazen, &c. 

GATEKEEPER— subst., jawlfdr 3 m. ; 
cUstos 3 m. 

Ep. stern, powerful, &c. 
GATE-POST— subst., posits 3 m. 
Ep. proud, gilded, &c. 
GATHER, to— V. act. 
(a) to collect, (of things) colllgo 3 ; 
cogo 3 ; congero 3 ; dggerd 3 ; aggSro 
1 ; dccumulo 1 ; cumiild 1 ; struo 3 ; 
exstruo 3 ; gldmSro 1 ; cSdcervo 1 ; 
confSro, irr. 
(6) to collect, (of persons) convdco 1 ; 
compello 3 ; cogo 3_;; ddvdco 1 ; gld- 
mjSro 1. 

(c) to pluck, cdrpo 3 ; Ugo 3 ; sSdi 1 ; 
subsSco 1. 

(d) to infer, c6lllgo 3. 
V. neut. 

(a) See Assemble, to (Jb). 

(b) the storm ga,th&rs, prdcelld (1), tem- 
pestds (3 f.), imber (3 m.), &c. ; in- 
gruit, densetur, se glomSrdt, jitgrescit, 
&c. ; gathering clouds, subSvmtld nu- 
blld (Uv. Fast. ii. 493). 

L 2 



GATHERING 



( 148 ) 



GERM 



OATHEBINQ — subst. = an assem- 
bly, q. V. 

GAUD — subst., orndtus 4 ; d^cSr 3 m. 

Ep. womanly, excessive, &c. 

GATTDY — adj., splendidus, superbiis, 
magnlficus, lautus. 

GATTNT— adj. 
(a) haggard, q. v. 
(5) grim, q. v. 

GAUNTLET— subst., cestus 4 m. 

Phr., to throw down the gauntlet = 
to challenge, q. v. 

Ep. raw, iron, leaden, heavy, huge, 
&c. 

GATTZE — subst. Use Coa 2 n. pi. 
Oit. Coan garments) ; sometimes Sertca 
2 n. pi. (Mart., Prop), homiyclna 2 n. 
pi. (Mart.), lit. silken garments; a 
gauze net, coiiopSum 2. 

GATTZY— adj. 

(a) of garments, CoUg, Sericus, homhycl- 
nm, carhagSus. 

(b) light, tSnuis, iSvts, indnXs (Verg. 
Georg. iv. 196). 
GAY— adj^ 

(a) hilar IS, Isetiis, festus, ggnXalfs, Svans, 
alacSr. 

(b) smart, gaudy, q. v. 
GAZE, to — V. act., (with "at" or 

" on ") specto 1 ; ddspedo 1 ; contempldr 
1 ; tMdr 2 ; intugdr 2 ; i>p?cul(fr 1 ; con- 
idd^ro 1. 

Phr., dculos, &c., figo 3, defigo 3 
(with in) ; dculis, &c., Imtro 1, metldr 4, 
&e. 

GAZE — subst., visiis 4 ; spectus 4 ; 
obtutus 4 ; clrcumspectiis 4. 

Ep. fixed, eager, &c. 

GAZELLE — subst., ca^jr^^a 1; cdpri- 
SlUs 2 ; dorcas 3 f. (Mart.). 

Ep. timid, flying, mountain, &c. 

GEAS — subst. 
(rt) dress, q. v. 
(6) equipment, q. v. 
(fl) business, q. v. 
(d) of a ship. See Tackle. 

GEM — subst. 
(a) a jewel, gemma 1 ; lapis 3 m. ; la- 

pillus (H., Mart.). 

Ep. precious, sparkling, &c. 
(6) a bud, gemma 1 ; germSn 3 n. 

Ep. spring, swelling, &c. 

GEM, to — V. neut = to bud, q. v. 

GEMMED, GEMMY— adj., gemmgus, 
gemmdtus, gemmdns, gemmi/ir (Prop.). 



Phr. gemmis, &c., orndtus, distlnctus, 
micdns, &c. 

GENDEE, to— v. act. = to beget, 
q. v. 

GEXEBAL — subst., dux 3 m. ; duc- 
tdr 3 m. ; prlnceps 3 m. 

Ep. prudent, warlike, &c. 

GENEEAL— adj. 

(a) communis. 

(b) usual, sdlltus, usltdMs, suetus, dssue- 
tiis, rrinsoiefus. [q. v. 
GENERATE, to— v. act. = to beget, 
GENEROSITY— .sub.st. 

(a) liberality, hSnlgnltds 3 f. 

Phr., Idrga or hSn'igna munus 4. 
(6) clcmoncv, q. v. 

1 GENEROUS— adj. 

(a) high-]x)rn, ggnSrosus, nobllls. 

Phr., stlrpS, sdngulnS, &c. ; cldrus, 
illustrls, &c. 
(6) liberal, Idrgus, bSnigniis, munXflcus. 

GENIAL— adj. 

(a) of soil, hSmgnus, 6pimus, fertllls. 

(b) of warmth, hSnignus, grdtus. 

(c) gay, q. v. 

GENIE — subst. = genius (c), q. V. 

GENIUS— subst. 
(a) power of mind, IngSnlum 2 ; mens 

3 f . ; soUertla 1 ; prudentla 1 ; acu- 

mSn 3 n. (H.). 

Ep. skilful, heaven-sent, foreknow- 
ing, wondrous, &c. 
(6) disposition, i/if/^ntMrn 2; indoles 3f. ; 

ndtura 1 ; mores 3 m. pi. 

Ep. kindly, courteous, &c. 
(c) gSnliis 2. 

GENTLE— adj. 
(a) high-lx)rn. See Generous (a), 
(fe) mild, lenis, mills, placldus, pluSy 

trdnquillus, ISvls, mdnsuetus, trdctd- 

bllls. 

GENTLEMAN — subst. No Latin 
equivalent. Use perhaps hdnestus, 
gSngroms rir. PquSs, &c. 

GENTLENESS— subst., perhaps de- 
mentia 1 ; ohsSqulum 2 ; bSnltds 3 f. 

GENTLY— adv., Uriltgr, levlt?r, Ung, 
taclte, furtim, moUltSr. 

Phr., tSclto pSdS, cum pdc?, &c. 

GENUINE — adj., reriis, sincerus 
(Mart.), ingeniius (Juv.), ndtivus. 

GERFALCON— snbst. See Falcon. 

GERM — subst., semSn 3 n. ; gemma 
1 ; germSn 3 n. ; perhaps incrementtim 

2 (see Ov. Met. iii. 103.) 



GESTURE 



( 149 ) 



GIVER 



\ 



GESTTJEE— subst., gestus 4; motua 
4 ; habitus 4. 

Ep. proud, graceful, &c. 

GET, to — V. act. 
(ft) to gain, paro 1 ; pario 3 ; adipUcdr 

3 ; pdtlSr 4 ; caplo 3 ; qusero 3 ; cdm- 

paro 1. 
(h) to get ready = to prepare, q. v. 

V. neut. 1. 

(o) to go, q. V. 

(b) to got oflf = to escape, q. v. 

(c) to get up = to rise, q. v. 
GEWGAW — subst. = trifle, nugx 1 

pi. (H., Mart.) 

Ep. idle, silly, &c. 

GHASTLY— adj. 
(«) death pale, paUidus, lurXdiis, trlstls, 

mStuendus, exsdnguls, pollens, luteiis. 
(h) horrible, q. v. 

GHOST — subst., umbra 1 ; manes 3 m. 
pi. ; visum 2 ; imago 3 f. ; simulacrum 
2 ; ISmures 3 m. pi. See, too, Ov. Fast. 
ii. 551, &c. ; Verg. Aen. i. 353, &c., 
vi. 426, &c. 

Phr., to give up the ghost, antmam 
linquo 3, reddo 3, exspiro 1, exhdlo 1. 
iSee Die, to. 

Ep. thin, pale, Tartarean (Tdrta- 
rSus), ghastly, &c. 

GHOSTLY — adj., exllU, Uvis, tSntiXs, 
exsdnguls. 

GIANT — subst., gigds 3 m. ; terrl- 
gtnsR 1 pi. ; TitdnSs 3 m. pi. 

Phr. glgdntum cdhors (3 f.) or turba 
(1); Terr se proles {^ f.) Telluris juvSnes 
(3 m. pi.) ; subSles (3 f.) Titdnia, &c. 

Ep. huge, fierce, threatening, &c. 

GIANT-LIKE — adj., gigdnteus, im- 
mdnls. 

GIBBER, to — V. neut. cr^po 1 ; crg- 
pito 1 ; strideo 2. 

GIBBET— subst. Use cntx 3 f. 

Ep. high, disgraceful, &c. 

GIBE, to — V. act. See Mock, to. 

GIBE — subst., probrum 2 ; convtcium 
2 ; opprobrium 3 ; malSdictum 2 ; jur- 
glum 2. 

Ep. spiteful, unjust, repeated, &c. 

GIDDY— adj. 
(a) See Dizzy. 
(6) changeable, q. v. 

GIFT — subst., ddnum 2 ; muniis 3 ; 
munusciilum 2. 

Ep. liberal, welcome, precious, &c. 



GIGANTIC — adj. gigdnteus, inmdnXs, 
ingens. 

Phr. mdxXmus membris St corpSrh 
(Ov.). 

GIGGLE, to— V. neut., ridSo 2. 

Phr., cachinnos ingSmlno (l) = to re- 
double laughter. 

GILD, to— V. act. 

(a) inward 1. 

Q>) to brighten, inmiro 1 ; cidoro 1 ; 

tlngo 3. 

GILT — part, aurdtus, inaurdtus. 

Phr., circumlltus awro. 

GIN — subst. = trap, q. v. 

GINGEELY— adv. cautiously, q. v. 

GIPSY— subst., NdmSdgs 3 m. pi. ; 
erro 3 m. 

Ep. roaming, lawless, careless, sun- 
burnt, &c. 

GISD, GIBDLE, to— v. act. 
(«) cingo 3 ; accingo 3 ; prseclngo 3 ; m- 

clngo 3. 

(b) to clothe, q. v. 

(c) to gird on a sword, phr. latSri ensem 
dpto (1), dccommddo (1) ; gladlo, &c. 
clngdr (3) dcclngdr (3) ; girt up, dnc- 
tutus. 

GIBDLE — subst., zona 1 ; bdltgiis 2 ; 
cingula 1 ; cingulum 2 (use plural) ; 
cestus 2 (Mart.), girdle of Venus. 

Ep. rich in gems, studded with gems, 
soft, maiden, &c. 

GIBL — subst., puella 1 ; virgo 3 f . ; 
sometimes nympha 1, nymphe 3 f. 

Ep. modest, beauteous, fair, &c. 

GIRLHOOD— subst. Use setds (3 f.) 
tSnSra, molles dnni (2 pi.). 

GIRLISH — adj., pHelldris, virgin^s ; 
sometimes tSnSr, mollis. 

GIRTH — subst., cingula 1. 

GIVE, to— V. act. 

(a) do 1 ; tribuo 3 ; prxbSo 2 ; trddo 3 ; 
dono 1 ; Idrgldr 4 ; dddo 3 ; suficld 
3 ; rSmltto 3 ; minlstro 1 ; prsestd 1. 

(b) to give back, reddo 3 ; restltuo 3 ; 
rSmltto 3 ,* rSdono 1 ; rSfSro, irr. 

(c) to give forth, edd 3 ; mitto 3 ; emltto 
3 ; profSro, irr. 

(d) to give up, = to abandon, or to 
surrender, q. v. 

(e) to give way, = to surrender, q. v. ; 
cedo 3 ; concedo 3. 

(/) Phr., to give ear, = to hear, q. v. 
GIVER— subst., datdr 3. 
Ep. bounteous, kind, &c. 



GLACIER 



( 150 ) 



GLOAT 



GLACIEE— subst. Phr., glades (5) 
concreta, moles (3 f.) glactdlis, dmnis 
(3 m) iners, sOlidd undo. (1), &c. 

GLAD— adj. 

(a) hllaris, Ixtus, festus, Svans, Isetabllls. 

(b) to be glad, gaudSo 2. 
GLADDEN, to — v. act., hllSro 1 ; ex- 

hilarv 1 (Mart.) ; rScrSo 1 ; jUvo 1 ; 
obledo 1 ; bffo 1. 

GLADE — subst., sdltus 4 ; iiemus 
3 n. ; sometimes vdllls 3 f . ; convdllU 
8 f . ; silva 1 ; latebrse 1 pi. ; rScessus 4. 

Ep. shady, forest, retired, silent, &c. 

GLADIATOR — subst., gladtdWr, 3 m. 

Ep, fierce, ruthless, armed, &c. 

GLADSOME— adj. See Glad. 

GLAXCE — subst., (of the eye) use 
oculus 2 ; lumSn 3 n. ; visiis 4 ; dspectus 
4 ; acies 5. 

Phr., with a stem glance, torva 
tuens. 

Ep. quick, shifting, sideways, fixed, 
&c. 

GLANCE, to— V. neut. 
(rt) of light, scintUlo 1 ; r^percutiHr 3 ; 

mico 1 ; reddOr 3 ; v&lito 1. 
Q)) of a dart or arrow, use stringo 3 ; 

pr'iestrlngo 3. 

GLABE, to — V. neut. See Flash, to. 

GLABE — subst. 
(rt) brightness, q. v. 
lb) glance, q. v. 

GLARING— adj. 
(n) lurldus, lucidiis, spUndldus. See 

Bright. 
(b) notorious, use p&tens, apertUs. 

GLASS — subst. 
(rt) vitrum 2 ; hpalus 2. 

Ep. clear, transparent, &c. 

(b) drinking glass. See Ccp. 

(c) mirror, speculum 2. 

Ep. silver, golden, smooth, iwlished, 
faithful, &c. 

(d) hour glass. No exact equivalent, 
perhaps arena 1, cadens, or Idpsa ; 
hora 1 fugdx ; or substitute allusions 
to sun-dial, e.g. umbra 1, linSa 1. 
GLASSY— adj. 

(o) vttrSus. 

(h) of water, &c., vitrSiis, lucldus, pellu- 

cidus, illimls ; = calm, placldus. {See 

Verg. Eclog. ii. 26.) See Calm. 

GLAVE — subst. = sword, q. v. 

GLEAM, to — V. neut. See Flash, to. 

GLEAM — subst = flash, q. v. 



GLEAMING — part., sdntllldns, rutl- 
Idns, nltens, radldns, micdns, splendens, 
fulgens. 

GLEAN, to— V. act., li^go 3, colllgo 3. 

GLEANER — subst. No exact equi- 
valent. 

Phr., ponS l/gens spicds, picking up 
ears behind ; rdrds quse cdrpit arlstas, 
she who gathers scanty ears. Some- 
times rusttca virgo (3 f.), paujy^r anus 
(4 f.), hosp^s (3 f.) Inops, &c. 

GLEBE — subst., gleba 1 ; sdlum 2 ;• 
ag?r 2 ; terra 1 ; tellus 3 m. 

Ep. fertile, grassy, &c. 

GLEDE — subst. Use mllvus 2; mi- 
luiis 2 ; dccipltSr 3 m. 

Ep. fierce, flying, &c. 

GLEE — subst., Ixt'itla 1 ; gaudium 2. 

Ep. boyish, careless, &c. [q. v. 

GLEEFUL, GLEESOME— adj. = gay, 

GLEN — subst., sdltus 4 ; vdllls 3 f. ; 
convdllls 3 f. ; latebree 1 pi. ; rScessus 4. 

Ep. shady, forest, mountain, watered, 
retired, silent, &c. 

GLIB — adj. = garrulous, q. v. 

GLIDE, to — V. neut. 
(a) of water, &c., IdbSr 3 ; deldbdr 3 ; 

fliio |3 ; cadd 3 ; decurrd 3 ; fo, irr. ; 

fSrtk, irr. ; dejluo 3 ; prsetHrld, irr. 
(fc) of a ship or bird, Idb&r 3 ; ?d, irr. ; 

fMr, irr. 
(c) of days, time, &c., labdr 3 ; prsetSrSo, 

irr. ; fuglo 3 ; effluo 3. 

GLIDING— adj. (of water, time, &c.), 
lubrletis. 

GLIMMER, to— V. neut., subliad 2. 

GLIMMER— subst. Phr., Umbra (I) 
sublusirls ; nox (3 f.) siiblustrls; lux 
(3 f .) dubla, incerta, or mdlS certa. 

GLIMPSE— subst. Phr., to catch a 
glimpse, vix. or mddd cernSrS, &c. 

GLISTEN, GLITTER, to— v. neut., 
mico 1 ; splendid 2 ; nited 2 ; r?nid?o 2 ; 
cdrmcd 1 ; radio 1 ; dlbtcd 1 ; prxfulglo 
2 ; elucffd 2. 

GLITTER— subst. See Flash. 

GLOAMING— subs*», crSpuscala 2 n. 
pi. ; vespSr 3 m. 

Phr., ndx (3 f.) or umbra (1) sublus' 
trls, cdnfinla lucls St ndctls (Ov.) 

Ep. uncertain, obscure, tranquil, 
late, &c. 

GLOAT, to — V. neut., (with "on") 
intu?dr 2 ; inhld 1 ; mlrdr 1 ; ddmirdr 
1 ; stupid 2 ; obstupescd 3. 



GLOBE 



( 151 ) 



GO 



GLOBE— subst. 

(a) gldbUs 2 ; orbTs 3 m. 

(6) gldbtis 2 ; orhis 3 m. ; terra 1 ; tiUus 

3f. 

Ep. round, extending, wide, &c. 

GLOOM— subst. 
(a) cdligo 3 f. ; tSnehrse 1 pi. ; umbra 1. 

Ep. nocturnal, Tartarean (Tar<ar?Ms), 
&c. 
(ft) of the mind, trlstltta 1 ; nwfees 3 f. ; 

nublla 2 pi. To throw a gloom over, 

cdntristo 1. 

Ep. sorrowful, lasting, &c. 

GLOOMY— adj. 

(a) tSnebrosus, umbrosus, caligXnosus, 
nigSr, ailr, niblliis, obscurus, inamoe- 
niis, furvus (Hor. Ocl. ii. 13, 21). 

(b) of the mind, tristis, lugubrls, nubilus, 
mmstiis. 

GLOEIFY, to— V. act , laudo 1 ; cPle- 
bro 1 ; tollo, irr. ; eztollo, irr. ; coUaudo 
1 ; cldro 1. 

Phr., laJidibus effPro, irr. ; evSho 3 ; 
to/Zo, irr. ; dec^ro 1 ; orno 1 ; cZard 1. 

GLOEIOTIS— adj. 
(a) cldrus, illustris, praeclarus, inslgnis, 

inclptus, ddcorus, celeber, nobilis, lau- 

ddbilis, mSmSrdbiliB, egrSglus. 

Phr., non IndScdrus. 
(6) Sometimes = bright, q. v. 

GLORY— siibst. 
(a) fdma 1 ; laus 3 f . ; gloria 1 ; ndm?n 

3 n. ; (Z(^c«8 3 n. ; Mn^r 3 m. 

Ep. well-earned, ancient, fresh, last- 
ing, proud, warlike, &c. 
(6) aureole, nimbus 2 ; perhaps cHrona. 1. 

Phr., surrounded with a glory, per- 
haps rddils frontem valldtus acutis (Ov. 
Her. iv. 159). 

GLOEY, to—, neut. (with " in ") = 
to boast, q. v. 

GLOSS— subst. = brightness, q. v. 

GLOSSY — adj., nltidus, nltens, splen- 
didus. See Bright. 

GLOVE — subst., perhaps manlca 1. 

Phr., mantis sut'de tegmSn (3 n.) = 
stitched hand-cover. 

Ep. womanly, soft, &c. 

GLOW, to — V. neut., candid 2 ; cdn- 
desco 3 ; flagro 1 ; drdSo 2 ; ignesco 3 ; 
indrdSo 2 ; Indrdesco 3 ; incdndesco 3 ; 
vapdro 1 (Lucr.). 

GLOW— subst. M 

(rt) of fire, cdnddr 3 m. ; qfdffr 3 m. 



fulgd^r 3 m. ; fldmma 1 ; nitdr 3 m. ; 
rubdr 3 m. 
Ep. bright, hot, &c. 
(b) of health, cheeks, &c., rubdr 3 m.; 
nitdr 3 m. ; splemlSr 3 m. ; c6l8r 3 m. ; 
sometimes lum^n 3 n. ; flos 3 m. 
Ep. living, joyous, &c. 
GLOWING— adj. 

(a) calSf actus, and participles of verbs 
above. 

(b) of cheeks, cdndens, rubens. 
GLOW-WOEM— subst., Idmppris 3 f. 

(no poetical authority). 

Phr., musca (1) nltens ; vermis (3 m.) 
lucldus, trahens lucernam, cui cauda 
nltSt, &c. 

GLUE— subst., glutgn 3 n. 

GLUT, to — V. act., satlo 1 ; exsatlo If, 
exsaturo 1 ; saturo 1 ; rSplgo 2 ; implSo 
2 ; compl?d 2 ; explSo 2. 

GLUTTONOUS— abj.,grMZosM« (Mart.), 
avldus, vdrdx. 

GLUTTONY— subst., gula 1 (H.). 

Phr., obs^qulum (2) ventrls. 

Ep. disgraceful, unworthy, &c. 

GNAELED — adj., nodosus, rugosus. 

GNASH, to — V. act. Phr., to gnash 
the teeth, dentlbus infrendo 3, frendo 3 ; 
or simply frendo 3. 

GNAT — subst., culex 3 m. 

Ep. troublesome, buzzing, stinging, 
&c. 

GNAW, to — V. act., rodo 3 ; mordio 
2 ; mdndo 1 ; adedo 3. 

Phr., dents prSino (3), Ixdo (3), &c. 

GNAWED — ddmorsus, dmbesus, ade- 
em, semesus. 

GNOME^subst., an earth spirit. No 
exact equivalent. Use semldSus 2 ; 
Fauni 2 pi. ; PdnSs 3 m. pi. ; or 
phrases, e.g. incSla (1) dntrorum, custos 
(3 m.) auri, Plutdnls minister (2), ter- 
restres qui servat Opes, &c. 

GO, to — V. neut. 
(a) ?o, irr. ; also tendo 3 ; pergo 3 ; vddo 3 ; 

gradldr 3 ; ingredlSr 3 ; progrSdldr 3 ; 

incedo 3 ; procedd 3 ; concedo 3 ; con- 

tendo 3 ; JSr6r, irr. Often pttd 3 ; 

adSo, irr. ; oMo, irr. ; subffo, irr. 

Phr., fiam, ItSr, &c., carpo (3), <cwdo 
(3), prSpSro (1), cdrrlpio (3), &c. ; p?des, 
gressus, vestigia, &c.; fSro, (irr.), flecto 
(3),'tendd (3), &c. ; pedlbusfSrOr (irr.). 
(6) to fall out or happen, e.g. the 

battle goes ill, mulS cedlt pugna. 



GOAD 



( 152 ) 



GOLDFISH 



(c) to go against = to attack, q. v. 

(d) to go astray = to err, q. v. 

(e) to go away = to depart (a), q. v. 
(/) to go back, 1 = to retreat, cedo 3 ; 

rScedo 3 ; phr., pMem rif(rd (irr.) 

2 = to return, q. v. 
(gf) to go before = to precede, q. v. 
()i) to go by = to pass (c), q. v. 
(t) to go down = to descend, q. v. 
(_/) to go forth, egrffdidr 3 ; ez^o, irr. ; 

prodSo, irr. ; progrSdlSr 3. 
(k) to go into = to enter, q. v. 
(I) to go off, of a gun, &c., use phrases, 

e.g. the bolt la hurled, the buUet 

flies, &c. 
(wi) to go on = to proceed, q. v. 
(n) to go out, 1 = to go forth, q. v. 

2 = to be extinguished. See Extin- 
guish, TO (a). 

(o) to go over = to cross, q. v. 

(p) to go through = to undergo, q. v. 

(g) to go up — to ascend, q. v. 

(r) to go without, carSo 2 ; ^gSo 2. 

GOAD — subst., stimulus 2. 

Ep. pointed, sharp, iron, &c. 

GOAI), to — V. act., stimiilo 1 ; instt- 
mulo 1 ; exstimulo 1 ; excito 1 ; urgSo 2 ; 
impello 3 ; agito 1 ; acuo 3. 

Phr., stimulis fddlo (3), ago (3), &c. ; 
stlmulos subdo (3), ddmSvSo (2), adhXhSo 
(2), &c. 

GOAL — subst. 
(o) usually = winning post, meta 1 ; 

calx 3 f. (Lucr.) ; finis 3 m. and f. ; 

terminus 2 ; limSs 3 m. ; mddus 2 

(Hor. Od. ii. 6, 7). 

Ep. final, desired, distant, &c. 

(b) sometimes = starting-post, cdrcSres 

3 m. pi. ; claustra 2 pi. 

(c) sometimes = turning-post, meta 1. 
GOAT — subst., cap^r 2; hircus 2. 

She-goat, caprd 1 ; capella 1. 

Ep. horned, bearded, shaggy, wan- 
ton, tfec. 

GOAT-FOOTED — adj., cdprlpes. 

GOATKEBD — subst. \Jaepastdr3 m. ; 
huhulcus 2 ; custos 3 m. p?c6rls, &c. 

Ep. watchful, diligent, faitliful, &c. 

GOBBLE, to — T. act., v&ro 1 ; devdro 
1 ; ohsorhSo 2 (H.). 

(JOBLET — subst., crater 3 m. ; cra- 
tera 1 ; poculum 2 ; calix 3 m. ; scyphus 
2 ; cyathus 2 ; patera 1 ; cdrchesium 2 ; 
cymblum 2 ; crystalla 2 pi. (Mart.) ; 



camella (Ov. Fast. iv. 779) ; crystdlllna 

2 pi. (Juv.) ; gemma 1 ; culullus. 

Ep. golden, foaming, full, huge, &c. 

GOBLIN — subst., perhaps larva 1 (no 
good poetical authority) ; Immures 3 m. 
pi. ; simulacra 2 pi. See Gnome, Elf, 
Imp, &c. 

Ep. frightful, mischievous, pale, 
nightly, &c. 

GOD — subst., d^iis 2; dims 2; nu- 
mPn 3 n. ; ccellcdlse 1 pi. ; supSri 2 pi. ; 
caelltes, pi. (rarely sing.). 

Ep. all-powerful, benignant, fore- 
knowing, &c. 

GODDESS — subst., dm 1 ; diva 1. 

Ep. beauteous, stately, powerful, &c. 

GODHEAD— subst., rium^n 3 n. 

GODLESS— adj., implus. 

Phr., dSorum, divum contemptdr 3 m. 

GODLIKE — adj., dlmniis, ccelestls, 
xtMrlus, dmbrdslus, diSs. 

Phr., d^o stmllls. 

GODLY — adj., jniis, sdnctus, cdstus. 

Phr., dforum cdltdr 3 m. or cultrix 

3 f. ; pi?tdtis umdns, plStdtS insignls. 
GODSEND — subst., perhaps donum 2 

Mercurials, muniis (3 n.) HercUlis. 
GOING— subst. 

(a) departure, abitus 4 ; discessHs 4 ; 
digressiis 4. 

Ep. sudden, fixed, &c. 

(b) act of walking, tncessiis 4 ; vestigia 
2 pi. ; gressus 4 ; grddUs 4. 

Ep. hasty, stateh', &c. 

GOLD— subst_ 
(a) the metal, aurum 2. 
(6) money, q. v. 

Ep. yellow, shining, precious, fatal, 
&c. 

GOLDEN— adj. _ _ 

(a) in literal sense, aurSUs, aurdtUs. 

Phr., auro /actus, rlgens, gravis, sdll- 
dUs, &c. ; aurlcdmSs, with golden 
leaves. 
(6) bright, q^v. 

(c) yellow, aureus, lut^us, crdcSus, fldviis, 
fulvUs. 

(d) happy, b?dtiis. aurStis, felix. 
GOLDEN-HAIEED— adj ., auricdmus. 
GOLDFINCH— subst., perhaps frin- 

gilla (Mart.) ; acaldnthls 3 f. (Verg. 
Georg. iii. 338). 

GOLDFISH — subst., perhaps piscU 
our Ms, or auro insignls, or squdmis in- 
signls St auro. 



GOLD-LEAF 



( 153 ) 



GOVERNMENT 



GOLD-LEAF— subst., brdctffa 1. 
GWLDSMITH— subst., aurifex 3 m. 
iFlaut); faMr 2. 

GONDOLA— subst. See Boat. 
GONDOLIER— subst. See Boatman. 
GONFALON— subst. = banner, q. v. 
GONG— subst., Es 3 n. 
Ep. resonant, echoing, &c. 
GOOD— adj. 

(a) of moral qualities, hSnus, priibus, 
sdnctm, plus, integer, hdnestus, hS- 
nlgnus, rectus. 

(b) a good crop, leefa s^gSs, so hOna, fer- 
tilis, hCnlgnd, lurga. 

(c) good omens,/aMs<a, sScunda, dextSrd, 
felicia omind 3 pi. 

(d) brave, q. v. 
GOOD— subst. 

(a) as opposed to bad, bffnum 2. 

(b) Phr., what good is it, or what good 
does it do ? Quid prodest ? quid 
valet ? 

(c) to do good, prosum, irr. 

(d) goods = property, bdiia 2 pi. ; res 
5 ; dpes 3 f. pi. ; divltise 1 pi. 
GOOD-BYE— taZe, vHms, valetg (pi.). 

See Adieu. 

GOOD-HTJMOTIRED— adj., henlgnus, 
factlis, comis, humdnus (Mart.). 

GOODLY— adj. 

(a) of cattle, crops, &c., pvUcMr, pinguU, 
Ixtus, dpimus. 

(b) of men, pulchgr, formosus, egr?glus, 
eximlus, vSnustus (Cat.), prxstdns, 
insignls. 

GOODMAN— subst. = master of the 
house, hSrus 2 ; dOminus 2 ; sometimes 
maritus 2 (husband), hospSs 3 m. 
(host), pater 3 m. (father of the 
family), vir 2. 

Ep. hospitable, kindlv, &c. 

GOOD-NATUEED— adj. See Good- 

HCMOURED. 

GOODNESS— subst. hdnltds 3 f. ; pietds 

3 f. ; bemgnitds 3 f. ; dementia 1. 

Ep. candid, liberal, simple, familiar, 
&c. 

GOOD-TEMPEEED— adj. See Good- 
humoured. 

GOOD WIFE— subst., Mra 1 ; dihni- 
nd 1 ; sometimes conjux 3 f., uxdr 3 f., 
,mdier 3 f ., cHlona 1 (farmer's wife), anus 

4 (old woman). 

Ep. diligent, chaste, prudent, &c. 
GOOSE— subst., dnser 3 m. 



Ep. white, noisy, pertinacious (im- 
prdbus), &c. 

GOEE — subst., sdiiguis 3 m. ; crudr 
3 m.; sanies 5 ; csedes 3 f. 

Ep. outpoured, red, flowing, &c. 

GOEE, to — V. act. Phr., cornu pSto 
3 = to wound, q. v. Cf . also Ov. A. A. 
ii. 374. 

GOEGE— subst. 

(a) throat, q. v. 

(b) defile, sdltus 4 ; fauces 3 pi. 
Ep. rocky, shady, narrow, &c. 
GOEGE, to— V. act. 

(a) to glut, q. V. 
(6) to swallow, q. v. 

GOEGEOTJS^adj., splendidus, super- 
bus, magnlficus, refulgens. 

GOEGON— subst., Gorgon 3 f . ; Phar- 
cides 3 f. pi. 

Ep. snake-haired, deadly, dire, &c. 

GOEGON — adj., GorglMus, Medu- 
sseus. 

GOESE — subst., perhaps /rwfex 3 m. ; 
fruticetum 2. 

Ep. yellow, thorny, &c. 

GOEY — adj., cruentUs, sdnguineiis. 
See Bloody. 

GOSHAWK — subst. Use dcciplter 
3 m. ; miluus 2 ; milvus 2. 

GOSLING— subst. Use dnser 3 m. 

GOSSAMEE — subst., phr., tenuissima 
stdmina (3 pi.) ; telE (1 pi.) quds texit 
ardned (1) ; tenuid fild (2 pi.). 

GOSSIP — subst. 
(a) boon companion, sSddlis. [(H.). 

(6) tattler, gdrrulus 2 ; percontdtdr 3 m. 

(c) tattle, gdrrulitds 3. 

Phr., lingua Idqudx, nlmla, gravis, 
importuna, mOlestu, &c. 

GOSSIP, to— V. neut., crepo 1 (H.); 
gdrrlo 4 (H.). 

GOTJED — subst., cUcurblta 1 (no 
poetical authority in this sense). 

Ep. swollen, &c. 

GOTTT — subst., pddagra 1 ; cMrhgra 

1 (H., Mart.). 

Ep. slow, knotty, troublesome, &c. 

GOVEEN, to — V. act., rego 3 ; impero 
1 ; imperlto 1 ; guberno 1 ; mdderSi' 1 ; 
ddmlndr I ; tempera 1. 

GO VEENESS— subst., maglstrd 1. 

GOVERNMENT — subst., Imperium 

2 ; regnum 2 ; dltlo 3 f . ; pStestds 3 f . ; 
drbltrlum 2 ; mdderdmen 3 n. 

Ei3. wide, lasting, sob', &c. 



GOVERNOR 



( 154 ) 



GRAPPLE 



GOVERNOR — subst., prEses 3 m. ; 
rectdr 3 m. ; arbiter 2 ; dSmlnUs 2. 

Ep. sublime, powerful, &c. 

GOWN— subst. 
(a) of a man, tdga 1. 

Ep. stately, manly, Boman, &c. 
(&) of a woman, stbla 1 ; instltd 1 ; 

pallium 2. See Dkess. 

Ep. long, flowing, white, purple, &c. 

GOWNED— adj., tegatUs. 

GRACE— subst. 

(a) beauty, vSnmtds 3 f. ; forma 1 ; 
d£c6r 3 m. ; spScies 5 ; gratia 1 ; VSnus 
3f. 

Ep. conspicuous, maiden, &c. 

(b) clemency or favour, q. v., gratia 1 ; 
favSr 3 m. ; ohsSquium 2 ; Indulgentla 
1 ; dementia 1 ; bdnltds 3 f. 

Ep. free, benignant, &c. 

(c) pardon, vSnla 1. 

(d) Phr., with a good grace, Jlbens, 
libentSr ; with a bad grace, tnvitus. 

(e) The Graces, Grdtim, Charitis (Ov. 
Fast. V. 219), Gra(?a (Ov. Met. vi. 429). 
See, too, Hor. Od. rii. xix. 16 ; iv. 
vii. 5. 

GRACE, to — V. act. = to adorn, q. v. 

GRACED — part, adj., prxdltus, in- 
dutus, dScOratm, drndttis, &c. 

GRACEFUL— adj. = beautiful, q. v. 

GRACEFULLY— adv., decenf^r. 

GRACELESS — adj., imprdbm, prdvOs, 
malm, ineptus. 

GRACIOUS — adj., Mnlgnus, clemens, 
bffnus, favens, dexter, vdlens. 

GRACIOUSLY — adv. See Gkacious. 

GRADE — subst. = rank, q. v. 

GRADUAL — adj., lentm^ 

GRADUALLY — adv., paulldtim, sen- 
sim, pSd^tentim (Lucr.). 

Phr., p?r gradus. 

GRAFT — subst., surculus 2 ; flSgel- 
lum 2 ; germSn 3 n. 

Ep. living, strange, &c. 

GRAFT, to— V. act., Insero 3. 

Phr., graft bough on bough, fdc 
rdmum ramus dduptSt. 

GRAFTED — adj. = inserted as a 
graft, adoptlvus, insltivus. 

GRAFTER — subst., insltUr 3 m. 
(Prop.). 

GRAFTING— subst., Insltto 3 f. 

GRAIN— subst. 
(a) lit. grdnum 2 ; (of salt) micd 1. 
(6) com, q. v. 



GRAIN — subst., (of wood) no exact 
equivalent, perhaps robur 3 n. ; mSdulla 
1 (pith). 

GRAIN— subst. = dye, q.v. 

GRAIN-PICKING— adj., fruglUgus. 

GRAMPUS— subst., perhaps pristls 
3 f. ; cite 3 n. pi. 

Ep. boisterous, foaming, &c. 

GRANARY— subst., horreum 2 (sing, 
or plural) ; grdndrla 2 pi. (H.). 

Ep. full, huge, rustic, &c. 

GRAND — adj., grdndis, mdg7ius, in- 
gens, insJgnls, iUustrls, egrSgius, nobllls^ 
superbm, prxlustrls. 

GRANDCHILD— subst., ngpos 3. See 
Descendant. 

GRANDDAUGHTER — subst., neptis 
3. 

GRANDEE— subst., rex 3 m. ; prd' 
cSres 3 m. pi. 

GRANDEUR— subst., splendfrr 3 m. ; 
nobilltds 3 f. ; mdjestds 3 f. ; d^cdr 3 m. ; 
dScus 3 n. ; laus 3 f. ; hdndr 3 m. ; prx- 
lustrXa 3 n. pi. 

Ep. roval, proud, excessive, (See. 

GRANDFATHER — subst., avus 2. 
See Ancestor. Great great grand- 
father = qndrtus jmiSr 3 m. 

GRANDMOTHER— subst., avla 1. 

GRANDSIRE — subst., avus 2 = 
grandfather. 

GRANDSON— aubst., ngpos 3 m. ; prS- 
TiSpos 3 m. See Descendant. 

GRANGE — subst. = farm, q. v. 

GRANITE — subst. Translate by 
" hard rock," " marble," " adamant," 
&c. 

GRANT, to— V. act. 

(a) to allow, q. v. 

Phr., grant that our husbands de- 
served death, fingS viros mSruissS mSri 
(Ov. Her. xiv. 63 : xvi. 351). 

(b) to give, dnnGo 3. See Give, to. 
GRAPE — subst., uva 1 ; bunch of 

grapes, racemus 2. [&e. 

Ep. purple, swelling, autumn, sweet, 

GRAPNEL — subst., dncdra 1; wn- 
cus 2. 

Ep. tenacious, iron, &c. 

GRAPPLE, to— V. act. 
(a) to clutch, q. v. 
(6) to grapple with = to contend with, 

q.v. 

GRAPPLE— subst. 
(a) contest, ceridmSn 3 n., q. v. 



GRASP 



( 155 ) 



GREASE 



(6) grapnel, phr., manils (4 f.) ferr^a, 

unca mdnus (4 f.). 

OBASF — V. act., prShendo 3 ; prendo 
3 ; prengo 1 ; corrTpio 3 ; drrlplo 3 ; 
tenSO 2 ; rStlnSo 2 ; prSmo 3 ; comprimd 
3. 

GKASP — subst. Translate by adj. 
or adv., e.g. he holds him in a firm 
grasp, drctlus drreptum tSn£t; holding 
his hand in a friendly grasp, manum 
or dextram complexus amice. 

GEASS — subst., grdmSn 3 n. ; lierba 1 ; 
often cEspSs 3 m. 

Ep. green, fresh, abundant, dewy, 
rich, &c. 

GEASS-GREEN— adj. 
(fl) green with grass, grdmlnSus, her- 

hosiis. 
(h) green as grass, viridls, vTriddns. 

GRASS-GEOWN— adj., herbosus. 

Phr., herhis, or grdmlni obductiis. 

GEASSHOPPER— subst., cicada 1. 

Ep. noisy, chirping, summer, &c. 

GEASSPLOT — subst., vlretum 2. 

GEASS Y — adj., grdmlneus, herbosus, 
herbidus, herhifSr (used also of a river 
flowing through pastures). 

GEATE— subst. See Bak. 

GEATE, to— V. act., tSro 3 ; Isedo 3 ; 
lucesso 3. 

V. neut., strldSo 2; crSpo 1. 

GEATEFUL— adj. 
(a) full of gratitude, grdtug, plus, mS- 

mffr. 

Phr., Twn ingrdtiis. 
{b) pleasing, grdtus, placens, jucundus, 

dulcis, amicus, placitiis, dcceptUs. 

GEATIFY, to — V. act., to pfease, q. v. 

GEATING— subst. See Bar. 

GEATITTJDE— 8ubst.,srra<i« 1; grdtes 
3 f. pi. For gratitude, see Ov. Trist. i. 
V. 9. 

Ep. simple, abundant, worthy, fit- 
ting, &c. 

GEATUITOTTS— adj., Inemptus. Often 
translate by adv. gratis, or phrase, 
iiUlld merceds, prStlu carens. 

GEATTJLATE, to— v. act. = to con- 
gratulate, grdtulSr 1 ; grdtdr 1. 

GEAVE— subst., sgpulchrum 2. Often 
•use tumulUs 2 ; hustum 2 ; mOaumentum 
2 ; sometimes lapis 3 m., sdxum 2, 
mdrmdr 3 n., urna 1. See Ashes, 
Funeral, &c. 

Ep. sad, final, silent, &c. 



GEAVE, to — v. act. See Engrave, 
TO, or Carve, to. 

GEAVE— adj. _ 

(a) solemn, gravis, sSverSs, austeriis, 
rlgldus, tStrlcus, dspSr, tristls, durSSf 
inhumdniis. 

(b) deep (of sound), gravis. 
GEAVE-CLOTHES— subst., perhaps 

vestls 3 f., sindon 3 f. (Mart.), lintSa 

2 pi. (Mart.) ; with epithets, e.g. 
ferdlls, funebrls, funSrSus. 

GEAVE-DIGGEE— subst., fossUr 3 m. 
GEAVE-STONE— subst. Use lapis 

3 m. ; sdxum 2 ; mdrmOr 3 n. ; mOnii- 
mentum 2 ; sSpulchrum 2. 

Ep. sad, mindful, &c. 

GBAVEL— subst., gldrSa 1. 

Ep. dry, hungry, hard, &c. 

GEAVELY— adv. Usually translate 
by adjective. 

GEAVEE— subst. 
(a) of persons, cMdtdr 3 m. (Juv.). 
(&) of things, ctelum 2 ; scdlprum 2 ; 

tdrniis 2 (Verg. Eclog. iii. 38). 

GRAVING — subst. = carved work, 
caeldm^n 3 n. ; perhaps sigiia 2 pi., 
flgurse 1 pi. 

GEAVITY— subst. 
(a) weight, pondus 3 n. ; gravitds 3 f. ; 

Snus 3 n. 

Ep. huge, excessive, &c. 
(fe) solemnity, gravitds 3 f. ; mdjestds 

3f. 

Ep. stately, austere, old man's, &c. 

GEAVY— subst., Jw« 3 n. 

Ep. fat, tepid, &c. 

GBAY — adj. See Grey. 

GRAZE, to — V. neut. = to eat grass, 
pdscdr 3 ; depdscdr 3. 

Phr., pdbula (2 n. pi.) cdrpo (3), &c. ; 
grdmSn (3) pdbula (2 pi.), &c. ; tiJndSo 2. 

V. act. to attend cattle, '(fee., 

pds<^ 3. 

Phr., ad pdscuS. duco (3), ago (3), 
&c. ; grdmSn (3) pdbula (2 pi.), &c. ; 
prsebSo (2), sdfflclo (3), suppSdlto 1. 

GEAZE, to — V. act. = to touch 
lightly, stringo 3 ; prsestringd 3 ; de- 
stringo 3 ; rddo 3 ; sometimes tdngo 3, 
libo.l. 

GEAZIER — subst. Use bubulcus 2; 
upll'io 3 m. ; pdstdr 3 m. See Farmer. 

GREASE — subst., drxfina 1 ; perhaps 
pinguS 3 n. 



GREASY 



( 156 ) 



GRIEVOUSLY 



OBEASY — adj., unctiig, lubrlcus, pin- 
guU. 

GBEAT — adj.. rmgnm, ingens, vastus, 
immdnls, grdndls. Often = glorious, 
proud, &c., q. v. 

GKEATLY— adv. multum. _ 

GKEATNESS— subst., fdma 1 ; Imis 
3 f. ; gloria 1 ; niimSn 3 n. ; dScus 3 n. ; 
hOnOr 3 m. ; splenddr 3 m. ; nobilUds 
3 f. ; pdtestds 3 f. ; vis 3 f. [&c. 

Ep. ancient, ancestral, conspicuous, 

GBEAVES — subst., dcrSE 1 pi. ; pero 
8 m. 

Ep. tough, leathern, &c. 

GEEED — subst., amrltta 1 ; avdrt- 
tles 5. 

Phr., lucri or oMri, &c. ; fames (3 f.) 
c^pldo (3 f.) amUr (3 m.) sludlum, (2), 
&c. 

Ep. base, sordid, &c. ^ 

GBEEDILY — adv.* avlde, dcrltSr, 
vWlenlSr. 

GREEDINESS— subst., guJa 1 (H.). 

Phr., ohsSquium (2) ventrls (H.). 

Ep. base, excessive, &c. 

GEEEDY— adj. 

(a) avidus, vSrdx, gulosus (Mart.). 

(b) avaricious, avdrus. 

Phr., Imriy &c., sludiosus or cupXdus. 

GSEEK — adj., Grxcus, Achlvus, PS- 
Idsgus, Argollcus, ArglvUs, Ach^uf, 
Achdlcus, Grains, GrdjugSna 1 (subst.). 

GEEEN— adj. 
( a) of colour, vlridis, vlriddns, prastnus 

(Mart.), vlrens. Pale green, pollens. 

(b) flourishing, vlrens, vlgens, florens, 
ndviis. 

(c) unripe, crudus, immdturus. 
GREEN— subst. 

(a) green colour. Use cdlSr (3 m.) ; 
vlrldis. 

(b) lawn, viretum 2 ; sdltus 4t ; nSmUs 
3 n. ; csespSs 3 m. ; herba 1 ; grdmSn 
3 n. ; sometimes chdrea 1 (a dancing 
lawn). 

GEEEN, to be — v. neut., vtrSo 2 ; 
viresco 3 ; rSvlresco 3 ; florSo 2 ; floresco 3 
(Lucret). 

GEEENS— subat., Ulils 3 ; cauUs 3 m. 

GEEENSWAED— subst. = green (&), 
q. v. 

GEEENWOOD— subst. = wood, q. v. 

GEEENWOOD — £uij., silvestris, ni- 
mdrdlis. 



GEEET, to — V. act., sdluto 1 ; ex- 
cipio 3. 

Phr., salutem do (1), died (3) ; some- 
times use compler-tdr 3, dmplectdr 3. 
See Address, to, Embrace, to, &c. 

GEEETING— subst., sdlOs 3 f. 

GREY— adj. _ 

(a) of colour, glaucus, pullus ; perhaps 
rdvus (Hor. Od. iii. 27, 3). 

(b) of age, hair, &c., cdnus, incdntis, 
cdnens, cdnescens. 

GREY HAIR— subst., cdnXtles 5 ; cdni 
2 pi. 

Phr., capitis nlves 3 pi. f. (Hor. Od. 
iv. 13, 12). 

GREYBEARD — subst. = old man, 
8ftie.r 3 m. ; rStulus 2. 

GREY-EYED— adj., cxslus (Lucret., 
Cat.). 

GREY-HEADED— -See Grey (Jb). 

GREYHOUND — subst., vertagUs 2 
(Mart.). 

Phr., canis Mmnalltis (Ov. A. A. i. 
272). 

Ep. swift, keen, &c. 

GRIEF- subst., ddlSr 3 m. ; ludus 4 ; 
mserdr 3 m. ; dngdr 3 m. ; tristltla 1 ; 
visBstltia 1 ; xrumna 1. 

Ep. sudden, excessive, lasting, fresh, 
redoubled, &c. 

GBIEVANCE— subst., qu^rlmonla 1 ; 
quSrella 1. 

GEIEVE, to— V. act. 

(a) to cause grief, solllcitd 1 ; vexo 1 ; 
torquSo 2 ; turbo 1 ; cruclo 1 ; urgSo 
2 ; fatigo 1 ; prSmo 3 ; opprlmo 3 ; 
lacesso 3 ; dngo 3. 

(b) to feel grief for, to lament, dMlo 2 ; 
lug?o 2 ; jl?o 2 ; defied 2 ; ploro 1 ; 
deploro 1 ; qiifrdr 3 ; gr?^mo 3 ; fngf?- 
mo 3 ; pldngo 3 ; nixrSd 2 ; conqitlrdr 
3 ; Idcrhno 1. 

V. neut. = to be sad, doled 2 ; 

Zmjt?© 2 ; nisereo 2 ; ind^esco 3 ; and 
passives of verbs given under Grieve, 
TO, v. act. (a). [q. V. 

GEIEVING — subst. = lamentation, 

GEIEVOTIS — adj., gravU, tristis, lugu- 
brls, sdlllcltiis, acerbus, mSlestus, dsper, 
lOctuosus, flendus, Idcrlmosus, Idmentd- 
btlls, lacrlmdbills, flebllls, mlsSr, vils^rd- 
bllts, mEstus. 

GBIEVOUSLY— adj. 

(a) dcrlter, viOlentPr. 

(b) lamentably, fieblllter. 



GRIFFI!? 



( 157 ) 



GROW 



GRIFFIN — subst., gryps 3 m. ; draco 
3 m. 

Ep. taloned, winged, &c. 

GRIM— ad., torvus, Iwrrendus, dirus, 
terrtbtlls, Strox, trux, mlnux, ssems, tru- 
cuJentm, inPtuendm, informis. 

GRIMACE — subst., to make a gri- 
mace, ducSrS or distorquerS vultum. 

GRIMY — adj. = dirty, q. v. 

GRIN, to — V. neut. 
(«) like a dog, rlngdr 3 (H.). 
(6) to laugh, q. v. 

GRIN — subst., mchlnnus 2 ; rictus 4. 

Ep. free {gSlutus), joyous, &c. 

GRIND, to — V. act. 
(a) comminuo 3 ; frdngo 3 ; tSro 3 ; 
att^ro 3; contero 3; contundo 3. See, 
too, Ov. Fast. vi. 381. 
(fe) to whet, acuo 3 ; exuciio 3. 
(c) to oppress, q. v. 

GRINDSTONE— subst. 
(a) millstone, mdlarls 3 m.; m((la 1. 
(6) whetstone, cos, 3 f. 

Ep. hard, biting, &c. 

GRIP, GRIPE— subst. (of the hand). 
See Grasp. 

GRIP, to — V. act. See Clutch, to. 

GRISLY— adj. See Grim. 

GRIST — subst. = corn, frumentum 2 ; 
far 3 n. 

GRIZZLED— adj. See Grey (6). 

GROAN, to — V. neut., g^mo 3 ; ingff- 
mo 3 ; susptro 1 ; congvmo 3. 

Phr., gSmltm, suspirWi, &c., do (1), 
edo (3), mitto (3), duco (3), ci^o (2), &c. 
Perhaps laboro (Hor. Od. i. 9, 3); mu- 
glo 4 (Hor. Od. iii. 29, 57). 

GROAN — subst., ghnXtus 4 ; suspirla 
2 pi. 

Ep. deep, sad, repeated, vain, &c. 

GROAT— subst. 
(a) a small piece of money, slips 3 f. ; 

ms 3 n. ; as 3 m. 
(6) oatmeal. Use far 3 n. ; farina 1. 

GROIN — subst. ,/^)«Mr 3 n. ; inguSn 
3n. 

GROOM— subst. 
(ffl) cold 3 m. (H.) ; agdso 3 m. (H.). 
(6) bridegroom, q. v. [3 m. 

GROOVE — subst., perhaps cunalls 

Phr., gyro curr?, ]:i8eta, tuo — keep 
your own groove, poet. 

GROPE, to— V. act. (with "for") 
scrutSr 1 ; rurUir 1 ; often = to seek, 
q. V. 



GROPE, to — V. neut., to wander 
blindly = to wander, q. v. 

GROSS— adj. 
(a) big, q. v. 
(6) unseemly, Impurus, turpls, spurcus 

(H.), fcedus, sdrdldus, immundus, ob- 

scenus. 
(c) dense, crass&s, pinguls. 

GROSSNESS— subst., rusticUds 3 f. 

GROT — subst., cavum 2 ; cdverna 1 ; 
spelunca 1 ; sp^cus 4 ; antrum 2 ; lafe- 
brse 1 pi. Often translate by vallis 3 f. ; 
silva 1 ; nSmus 3 n. ; rScessus 4. 

Ep. shady, retired, overgrown with 
ivy, &c. ; dear to nymphs, &c. ; cool, 
mountain, &c. 

GROTESQUE— adj. No exact equi- 
valent, perhaps insSlitus, insuetus, tn- 
expertus, &c., or informis, mirus, nSvus. 

GROTESQUELY — adv. See Gro- 
tesque. Perhaps slnS legS. 

GROUND— subst., sdlum 2; humus 
2f. 

Ep. solid, unmoved, &c. 

GROUND, to— V. neut. and act., (of 
a ship or boat). See Aground. 

GROUNDLESS— adj. = useless, q. v. 

GROUND, GROUNDLING— adj., hu- 
mllis. 

GROUP— subst., glifbus 2; ccetiis 4; 
cSrona 1. See Band. 

GROUSE — subst., perhaps attagen 
3 m. ; lagois 3 f. (H.). 

GROVE — subst., nlmits 3 n. ; luciis 2 ; 
sometimes silva 1. Use names of par- 
ticular trees, e.g. quercetum 2 (an oak 
grove) ; pinetum 2 (a pine grove) ; 
sallcetum 2, salictum 2 (a willow grove), 
&c. 

Ep. shady, leafy, ancient, holy, 
familiar, &c. 

GROVEL, to— V. neut., Jac^o 2; ster- 
ndr 3 ; serjjo 3 ; provolvdr 3. 

GROVELLING— adj., humills, jdcens^ 
sordldus, vills, contemptus. 

GROW, to— V. neut. 
(a) cresco 3 ; addlesco 3 ; increscd 3 ; 

increbresco 3 ; gllsco 3 ; provSnto 4 (of 

crops) ; vSnio 4. Perhaps me sub- 

jlclo (3) (of quick growth) ; promlnSo 

(2) (Hor. Od. i. 21, 6). 
(6) to become, fio, irr. 
(c) Often translate by inceptive verbs, 

e.g. pinguesco 3, I grow fat; so 



GROW 



( 158 ) 



GUILTY 



lucesco 3, rngresco 3, frondesco 3, 

addleHCo 3, jUvgnesco 3, liquesco 3, &c. 

GROW, to— V. act., cdlo 3 ; did 3 ; 
nutrio 4 ; fdvgo 2. 

GROWL— subst. Use fremitus 4; 
murmur 3 n. ; Idtrdtus 4 ; sometimes 
m?»j« 1 pi. (threats). 

Ep. angry, hoarse, redoubled, &c. 

GROWL, to — V. act., frSmo 3 ; laird 
1 ; perhaps musso 1 ; sometimes mlndr 
1 (to threaten). Dentibus in/rendSre, to 
gnash the teeth, snarl. 

GROWN — adj., adultus. 

GROWTH — subst., incrementum 2. 
Usually render by participle, e.g. the 
growth of panic = auctus pdvdr (3 m.), 
tim^ (3 m.). 

GRUB — subst. Use vermts 3 m. 

GRUDGE, to — V. act., invideo 2. 

Phr. to grudge doing a thing, use 
nolo, irr. 

GRUDGE — subst., slmultas 3 f. ; 
Hdlum 2 ; invldia 1 ; difldr 3 m. ; inlml- 
eltiE 1 pi. (H.). 

Ep. bitter, lasting, &c. 

GRUFF — adj., rmticus, durus, sSve- 
riis, tHrlcus, difflcllls, morosus, dspgr. 

GRUMBLE, to — v. neut. 
(a) to complain, q. v. 
lb) to growl, q. v. 

GRUNT, to — V. neut., grunnio 4 
(Juv.). 

GRUNT — subst., grunnitus 4 (no good 
poetical authority). 

GRYPHON— subst. = griffin, &c. 
. GUARD, to — V. act., cudodlo 4 ; 
servo 1 ; defendo 3 ; de/enso 1 ; pro- 
tSgo 3 ; tuedr 2 ; tutdr 1. 

Phr., prsesldio, tutelse, &c., sum (with 
dative). 

v. neut., custodlo 4 ; vigtlo 1 ; 

cavSo 2. 

Phr., excublds ago (3), or servo (1). 

GUARD— subst. 

(a) custos 3 m. ; vigil 3 m. ; cmtodia 1. 

(b) body of guards, satellites 3 m. pi. ; 
sometimes obsessdr 3 m. 

Ep. faithful, armed, watchful, tSrc. 

(c) protector, custos 3 m. ; tutela 1 ; 
cura 1 ; prsesidium 2 ; servdtdr 3 m. 
Ep. powerful, august, &c. 
GUARDIAN— subst. 

(a) guard (a) and (6), q. v. 
Q)) in legal sense, tutdr 3 m. ; custos 
3 m. (H.) ; curdtdr 3 m. (H.). 



(c) Phr., guardian angel. Use gSnlUs 2 ; 

perhaps tutela 1. 

GUERDON— subst. = reward, q. v. 

GUESS, to — V. neut. and act., suspl- 
c8r 1 ; auguro 1 ; dugurOr 1 ; rSOr 2 ; 
sometimes colligo 3. PdtSs ex anlmo 
coUigSrg Ipsg tuo (Ov. Her. xi. 88). 

GUESS — suhst., conjecturd 1. Trans- 
late by verb, e.g. I make a good 
guess, bSnS augurdr 1, &c. 

GUEST— subst. 

(a) stranger, hospSs 3 m. ; pgregrinus 2 ; 
ddvend 1 m. 

Ep. foreign, strange, &c. 

(b) invited guest, convivd 1 ; sdddlis 
3 m. 

Ep. sudden, welcome, frequent, joy- 
ous, &c. 

GUEST-CHAMBER— subst. Use Iws- 
pltium 2. See Chamber. 

GUIDANCE— subst., mdderdmen 3 n. ; 
ductus 4. Often translate by dux 3 m., 
auctdr 3 m.; e.g. te ducS =nnder your 
guidance. 

GUIDE, to — V. act., duco 3 ; dirigo 3 ; 
r?go 3 ; sometimes guberno \,m^der<jr 1. 

Phr., dux (3 m.) sum. 

GUIDE — subst., dux3 m. ; ductor 3 m. 

Ep. prudent, sure, faithful, &c. 

GUILD — subst., perhaps conmctus 4 ; 
sdddlitlum 2 ; collegium 2 (H). 

GUILE— subst., ddlus 2 ; fraus 3 f. ; 
instdise 1 pi. ; dstus 4 (only in ablative) ; 
fdlldcld 1 ; cdlliditds 3 f . 

Ep. base, impious, strange, &c. 

GUILEFUL — adj., ddlosus, insldiosus, 
fdlldx, cdllidus, vSfSr, dstutus, versutUs, 
subdOlus. 

GUILELESS — adj. See Artless. 
Phr., slnS fruude. 

GUILT — subst., scSlus 3 n. ; noxa 1 ; 
crlmSn 3 n. ; culpd 1 ; delictum 2 ; fdcl- 
nus 3 n. ; n^fds 3 n. (indec.) ; peccdtum 
2 ; ddmlssum 2 ; fldgltium 2 ; commta- 
sum 2 ; pidculum 2. 

Ep. base, impious, shameful, «S:c. 

GUILTLESS — adj., hmdcens, innd- 
cSus, insons, innoxius, intSgSr, sdnctus, 
castas, hdnestus, plus, purus. 

Phr., crimmis, culprn, &c. ; ezpers, 
immunls, insciiis, &c. ; frauds carens, &c. 

GUILTY — adj., ndcens, sons, noxius, 
impius, mdlus, sdcrilggus, scSlSrdtm, 
scSlestus ; sometimes rMs. 

Phr., culpse, &c., consclus. 



GUINEA 



( 159 ) 



HAIR 



GUINEA — subst., aurgus 2 (Juv.) ; 
aurmUs 2 (Mart.). 

GUISE — subst., species 5; vultus 4; 
habitus 4 ; gestus 4 ; motus 4. 

Ep. strange, stately, &c. 

GULF— subst. 

(a) bay, slnm 4. 

Ep. winding, retired, safe, &c. 
(6) abyss, q.v. 

(c) eddy, gurgSs 3 m. ; vOrdgo 3 f . ; vor- 
tex 3 m. ; harathrum 2. 

Ep. foaming, deep, &c. 

GULL — subst., mergus 2. 

GULLET — subst. = throat, q. v. 

GULLY — subst. Use torrens, 3 m. 

GULP, to — V. act., haurld 4; sorbSo 
2 ; obmrhSo 2 (H.) ; duco 3 ; v6ro 1 ; 
devoro 1. 

GULP — subs., haustus 4. 

GUM— subst. 
(o) the liquid, gummi n. (indecl.) ; 

gluten 3 n. ; perhaps lacrlma 1 ; 

gM<fa 1. 

Phr. gdlbanfft ddores (3 pi.) = fra- 
grant gum. (Cf. Verg. Georg. iv. 264 ; 
iii. 415.) 

(b) of the mouth, gingiva 1 (Cat., Juv.). 
GUMMY — adj., tlndx, vlscdtus ; per- 
haps gdlbanSus. 

GUN — subst. No equivalent; tor- 
mentum 2 sometimes used. 

Phr., Es (3 n.) ignlvQmum. Substi- 
tute other weajwns, e.g. sling, bow, 
&c. 

GURGLE, to — V. neut., sSno 1 ; trS- 
pldu 1 ; murmuro 1. 

GURGLING— adj., Idqudx, trepldus. 

GUSH, to — V. neut., exundo 1 ; effliio 
3 ; vohdr 3 ; devolvdr 3 ; exgo, irr. ; pro- 
rumpo 3 ; seated 2 (Lucret.). 

Phr., «e erumpgrk (3), emittSrS (3). 

GUSH — subst. Use ris 3 f. ; flumin 
3; copfa 1. 

Ep. abundant, flowing, &c. 

GUST — suhst,fldbrum 2 ; fldmSn 3 n. ; 
prdcella 1. 

E. violent, stormy, &c. 

GUSTY — adj., prdcellosus, ventosus, 
nlmbosuB, agltabills ; perpaps Insequdlls 
(Hor. Od. ii. 9, 3). 

GUTTER — subst. Use/ossa 1; candlis 
3 m. ; rivus 2 ; sometimes clOdcd 1, a 
sewer (H., Juv.). 

GYVE — subst. = chain, q. v. 



H 

HABERGEON— subst., lorica 1. 
HABIT— subst. 

(a) custom, mos 3 m. ; usus 4 ; consue- 
tudo 3 f. ; dssuetudo 3 f. 

Ep. old, new, &c. 

(b) dress, q. v. 
HABITABLE— adj., habitdbilis. 
HABITANT— subst., incdla 1 m. and 

f. ; cultdr 3 m. ; sometimes clvis 3 m., 
liabitdtOr 3 m. (Mart.). 

HABITATION— subst. = dwelling, 
q.v. 

HABITUAL — adj. = customary, q. v. 

HABITUDE — subst. = habit (a), 
q.v. 

HACK, to — V. act., lacSro 1 ; lanio 1 ; 
dilanlo 1 ; dilac?ro 1 ; commlnuo 3. 

HACKNEYED— adj., tritus. 

HAFT — subst. = handle, q. v. 

HAG — subst. Use anus 4 ; vStula 1 ; 
vSnefica 1 ; sdga 1 ; maga 1. 

Ep. wrinkled, deceitful, wise, fore- 
knowing, &c. 

HAGGARD — adj., perhaps macSr. 

Phr., made, &c., confectus, turpis, 
deformis. 

HAGGARD— subst. = hawk, q. v. 

HAIL — subst., grdndo 3 f. 

Ep. dancing, cold, thick, &c. 

HAIL, to— V. neut. = to fall [like 
hail. See Fall, to. Ovid uses de- 
grdndlnat (impers.). 

V. act., to pour like hail. See 

POUE, TO. 

HAIL ! — interj.. Salve, sdlvetS (pi.); 
ave, livetS (pi.). 

HAILSTONE — subst. No exact equi- 
valent ; perhaps lupldosus imb^r 2. 

HAIR— subst. 
(a) of men, cdpillus 2 ; cffmd 1 ; crinis 

3 m. ; caesaries 5. For various 

methods of dressing hair, see Ov. 

A. A. iii. 136-168. 

Ep. long, flowing, scented, &c. 
(6) grey hair, cdnlties 5; cdni 2 pi. 

(with or without capllli 2). 

Ep. white, old {senilis, anilis), honour- 
able, &c. 

(c) of animals, villus 2 ; seta 1. Often 
use pellis 3 f. ; vellus 3 n. 

Ep. thick, brown, black, &c. 



HAIR 



( 160 ) 



HAND 



(d) single hairs, plliis 2 ; setS 1 

(bristle). 

HAIB — adj., crincUlg. 

HAIRLESS — adj. = bald, q. v. 

HAIRPIN — subst., acus 4 ; crlndlS 3. 

HAIRY— adj. 
(o) of human hair, cdmdns, cdmatus 

(Mart), capillatus (Mart., Juv.), cri- 

nitus, Intonsus (all these mean " with 

flowing hair " or " with beautiful 

hair") ; Mrsutus, incomptus = shaggy, 

uncombed, &c. 
(b) of animals, villosug, setlgSr, setoms, 

hirtus, hispidus, Mrsutus, pllosus 

(Mart.). 

Phr., villis, setis, &c. ; Jwrrens, hor- 
ridus, Mrsutus, &c. 

HALBERD — subst. = axe, q. v. 

HALCYON— subst., Alcpdne 3 f. 

HALCYON — adj., peaceful, placidiis, 
trdnquillus, quietus, lenis, mitls. 

HALE — adj. = healthy, sdnus, vS- 
lens, saluher, sospSs, virens, incdlumis, 
intfgSr, valldus. 

Phr., firmo corpdrS, firmis vlribus ; a 
hale old age, crudd vlrldlsquS sSnedus 
(Verg.). 

HALE, to — V. act. = to drag, q. v. 

HALF — subst., dlmidium 2. 

Phr., pars dimidia, or dltgrd. 

HALF — adj., dimidius (only with 
pars), dimldidtus (Julius Csesar). Eng- 
lish words compounded with "half" 
are often to be translated by Latin com- 
pounds with semi, e.g. : half-beast, 
semlfSr 2, semivlr 2, semihdmd 3 ; half- 
buried, semisSpultus ; half-burnt, seml- 
cr^mus, sertiicrifrndtus (Mart.), semustus ; 
half -dead, semtnex (no nominative), »e- 
manimls or semidnlmus; half -eaten, 
gemesus ; half-finished, imperfectus {see, 
too, Ov. Trist. I. vii. 28-30) ; half-goat, 
semXca'pSr 2 ; half - god, semldSus 2 ; 
half-goddess, semid^a ; half -open, semj- 
adapertHs ; half - ox, semlhds ; half- 
pruned, semtputdtus ; half-reclining, or 
lying on one's side, semisupinus, seml- 
rSductus, semifultus (Mart.) ; half-re- 
paired, semlrSfectus ; half-torn, seml- 
lacSr. 

HALF THE WORLD — sectHs orbts 
3 m. (Hor. Od. iii. 27, 75). 

HALF-PENNY— subst. Use ds 3 m. ; 
ttlps 3 f. 



HALF-WAY— adv. Use mSdla vlS 
(1), mSdlum ttSr (3 n.), mSdlus curs&s 
(4), &c. ; dimXdium rix, &c. 

HALF-WITTED— adj. Use stuliUs, 
Ineptus. See Foolish. 

HALL — subst., aula 1 ; dtrium 2 ; 
sometimes regla 1. See House. 

Ep. high, royal, &c. 

HALLOW, to — V. act. = to consecrate, 
shcro 1 ; consecro 1 ; died 1 ; dedico 1. 

HALLOWED— adj. = holj-, q. v. 

HALO — subst. Use cSrond 1 ; nira- 
bus 1 (aureole). 

HALT, to — V. neut. 
(a) to limp, clavdicd 1. 
(6) to stop in a march, sto 1 ; conslsto 

3 ; siSisistd 3. 

Phr., gressum, gradum, vestigia, fWr, 
&c. ; prSmo 3, tinlo 2, inhibSo 2, sisto 3. 

HALT — adj. = lame, claudus. 

HALT — subst. Use mifrd 1. See the 
verb. 

HALTER— subst., laqu^us 2; funis 
3 m. ; vestis 3 f . ; lorum 2 ; sometimes 
vinculum 2, vindum 2, cdpistrum 2. To 
tie with a halter, capistro 1. 

HALVE, to — V. act. No exact 
equivalent. ^See Cut or Divide, to. 

HALYARDS— subst., pes 3 m. See 

KOPE. 

HAH — subst., perna 1 (H.) ; p^taso 
3 m. (Mart.) ; petasunculUs (Juv.). 

Ep. dry, smoky, &c. 

HAMADRYAD — subst., Hamddryds 
3 f. ; Bryds 3 f. See Nymph. 

HAMLET — subst., vicUs 2 ; pdgus 2. 

Ep. rustic, retired, small, &c. 

HAMMER— subst., mdlleus 2. 

Phr., to send to the hammer (i.e. to 
auction), sub tltulum mittirS (Ov. R. Am. 
302). 

Ep. iron, strong, &c. 

HAMMER, to — V. act., collido 3. 
See Be.\t, to. 

HAMMOCK— subst., phr., citbilg(B n.) 
pendens, lectus (2) pUnsilis, &c. See 
Bed. 

HAMPER, to— V. act. = to hinder, 
q. V. 

HAND— subst. 
(a) maniis 4 f. ; pdlmd 1 (lit. pahn of 

hand) ; dextrd or dextSrd 1. (lit. right 

hand) ; sinistra 1 or Ixid 1 (lit. left 

hand). 



HAND 



( 161 ) 



HARBOURLESS 



Ep. strong, delicate, weak, boun- 
teous, &c. 

(6) Phr., at hand = near, q. v. or trans- 
late by ddstim, I am at hand. 

(c) hand to hand, cominus, adv. 

(d) hand in hand, adv., una, simul. 
(c) off hand, rSpentS, siibito. See 

Forthwith. 
(/) to take in hand = to undertake, 

q. V. 
(g) on this hand ... on that, hlc . . . 

illic. 
(h) from this hand . . . from that . . . 

hinc . . . mine. 
(t) on right and left hand, deztra 

IxvdquS. 
(j) on either hand, utnnqtt^. 

HAND, to — V. act., trddo 3 ; trdns- 
mltto 3. 

HANDCUFF— subst. = fetter, q. v. 

HANDFUL— subst. 

(a) manlplus 2 ; merges 3 f. ; fasciculus 
2 (H.); pdrtXciila 1 (Hor. Od. i. 
28, 25). Cf. Ov. Med. Fac. 93, a 
handful of dried rose leaves, Aren- 
tisquS rdsse quantum mdnus una prS- 
Jienddt. 

(b) a small number, e.g. a handful of 
men, use pauciis, rdrus, with sub- 
stantive ; perhaps manlplus 2. 
HANDICEAFT, HANDIWOKK — 

subst., 8pus 3 n. ; drs 3 f. 

HANDKEECHIEF— subst., perhaps 
mdntelg 3 n. ; mappa 1 (H., Mart. 1). 

HANDLE, to — V. act., trdcto 1 ; verso 
1 ; exerceo 2. 

HANDLE — subst., manubrium 2 
(Juv.) ; dnsa 1 (of a jug, &c.) ; cdpulus 
2 (hilt of a sword). 

HANDMAID — subst., dncllla 1; fa- 
mula 1 ; serva 1 ; minlstrd 1. 

Ep. diligent, faithful, &c. 

HANDSEL, to — v. act., hr^uo 3. 

HANDSOME — adj . , pulcMr, formosiis, 
vSnustus (Cat.), decorus, dScens, specio- 
SU8, hdnestus, nitidus, spectabills. 

HANDWEITING — subst. Bender 
by mdnus 4 f . 
'handy— adj., habTlls, dptGs. 

HANGr, to — ^v. act. suspendo 3 ; some- 
times /igo 3. 

V. neut., pendSo 2 ; dependSo 2 ; 

suspend&r 3. 

Phr., to hang back, mifrSr 1. 



HANGING— subst. 
(a) aulseum 2 ; velum 2. 

Ep. purple, heavy, &c. 
(6) the act of hanging, suspendia 2 pi. 

HANKEE, to— V. neut., with " after " 
=to desire, q. v. 

HAF — subst. = fortune, q. v. 

HAFLESS — adj. = unlucky, mis?r, 
infellx, mlsSrabills, misSrdndus, trlstts, 
deflendus. 

HAFLY— adv. 

(a) perhaps fdrsitSn, fdrtdssS, for8,for- 
sdn, forts (after si and nist). 

(b) as it chanced, fortS, cdsu, fors. 
HAFFEN, to — v. neut., dccido 3; 

evSnio 4 ; fio, irr. ; provSnXo 4 ; con- 
tlngo 3 (in good sense only). 

HAFFILY— adv., /eh-cr<g-r, bffng. 

Phr., Imtls auspiclis, bOnis avibus. 

HAFFINESS — subst., fortund 1; 
prospSrd 2 n. pi. ; hetd 2 n. pi. 

Phr., fortuna (1), res (5), sScimdd; 
res (5 pi.) Iset^ ; fdta (2 pi.) arnica, bS- 
nlgnd. 

HAFFY — adj., feliz, fortundtus, Md- 
tus, lEtus, faiistus (of things only), 8^"- 
cundiis (of things only). 

HAEANGTIE— subst. Use voces 3 f. 
pi. ; verba 2 pi. ; perhaps Idquela 1, 
mMitus 4, ddmonttus 4, hdrtdtus 4, Jior- 
tdmen 3 n. 

Ep. long, loud, royal, &c. 

HAEANGTIE, to — v. neut., eldquifr 
3 ; effdr 1 ; prof&r 1. Use also ordidr 4. 

HAEASS, to — v. act. 
(a) to annoy, q. v. 
(6) to fatigue, q. v. 

HAEASSED — adj., exercitiis, vexdtus, 
fessus. See Weaky. 

HAEBINGEE — subst., nuntlUs 2; 
prEnuntius (adj.) ; votes 3 m. 

Ep. early, welcome, &c. 

HAEBOUE — subst., portus 4 ; ostia 
2 pi. ; sometimes ndvdlS 3 n., ndvdllS 3 
pi., stMio 3 f. (roadstead), sinus 4, ora 
1, litiis or lUtiis 3 n., &c. 

Ep. safe, desired, &c. 

HAEBOUE, to — V. act. = to shelter, 
tSgo 3 ; celo 1 ; exciplo 3. 

HAEBOUELESS— adj. 

(a) of the ship, vagus. 

Phr., portu cdrens, portu rSmotus, cul 
portus abest, &c. 

(b) of the shore, tnhospltus, inhospltdltg, 
indccessus. 



HARD 



( 162 ) 



HARPOON 



HAED— adj. 
(a) durm, eclurUs, rigidUs, ferrSus, ada- 

mantlnus. 
(6) cruel, duriis, sffverus, sEvug, immitTs, 

fSrUs, effSrus, crudelis, dspffr, harbarm, 
trux, diriis, atrox, truciilentus, ferrSm, 
sangulnSm, criientus, Inhumanus. 
(c) diflScult, durus, difficllU, drdUus, 

gravis, dpSrosiis. 

HABS — adv., Phr., hard by, juxtd, 
•prSpS. 

HARD-EAENED — adj., phr., emptiis, 
quxgUus, pdrtm, pardtus, multo lahorif, 
&c. ; sometimes dpSrosUs (Ov. Ser. ii. 
63). 

HABDEN, to — V. neut., duresco 3; 
induresco 3 ; rig^o 2 ; rigesco 3 ; durdr 
1 ; ddstringdr 3. 

V. act. duro 1 ; induro 1 ; dd- 

stringo 3 ; constringo 3 ; gSlo 1 (Mart.), 
to freeze ; congSlo 1 (to freeze) ; sSlido 
1 ; cOquo 3 (in tlie fire). 

HAKD-FOUGHT — adj., dubXils, dn- 
cepi, incertus. 

HAED-HANDED— adj. = rustic, use 
durus, Ogrestls, rmticus, &c. 

HAED-HEAETED — adj., ferrms, 
durus. See Cruel. 

HAED-HEAETELNESS — subst. = 
cruelty, q. v. 

HAEDIHOOD, HAEDINESS— subst. 
= courage, q. v. 

HAEDLY— adj. 
(a) harshly, dure, crudelit^r, gravltSr. 
(6) scarcely, vix, xgre ; sometimes ndn 

hSnS. 

HAEDNESS— subst. 
(a) rlgSr 3 m.; durltid 1 ; durttles 5. 
(bj barbarity or cruelty, q. v. 

HAEDSHIP— subst., malum 2 ; d^r 
3 m. ; labdr 3 m. ; Erumna 1 ; damnum 
2 ; clddes 3 f. ; ddversa 2 pi. ; cdsUs 4 ; 
sometimes pestts 3 f. ; pernlcies 5 ; in- 
fortunium (H.). 

Ep. sad, sudden, lasting, undeserved, 
&c. 

HAEDY — adj., rdbustUs, v&lldus, rlgl- 
dus. See Bold. 

HAEE — subst., l^pus 3 m. 

Ep. timid, woodland, &c. 

HAEE-BEAINED — adj., t^mgrdrltis, 
incautus, prxceps. 

HAEE ! — interj., audln (i.e. audlsnS, 
do vou hear ?). 

HABLEQTJIN— subst., ludlus 2. 



HAEM — subst., damnum 2 ; detri- 
mentum 2 (H.) ; malum 2 ; clddes 3 f. ; 
incommddum 2 ; jdctura 1 (loss). 

HAEM, to — V. act., ndcio 2 ; lEdo 3 ; 
obsum, irr. ; officio 3, irr. 

HAEMFTJL — adj., nuxliis, nScene, 
nbclturiis, perniciosus, gravis, ddmnosQs, 
mfdestiis, infestus, Inlmicus, exltlosug, 
exltldlls, funestus, fdtdlls, tristls, exltld- 
bllls. 

HAEMLESS — adj., tnndcens, innS- 
ciius, wi.«o«.s, Imioxlus. 

HAEMLESSLY — adv., phr., sItiS 
frauds. 

HAEMONIOTTS— adj. 
(ffl) consSnus ; of colour, concSldr. 
(b) agreeable, q. v. 

HARMONIZE, to — v. neut., concordo 
1. 

HARMONY— subst. 
(^a) Concordia 1 ; concentus 4. 
(6) concord (a), q. v. 

Ep. tuneful, sweet, &c. 

HARNESS— subst. 
(o) of a horse, perhaps drma 2 pi. (Cf. 

Ov. Am. I. ii.). Use also words for 

different parts of harness : e.g. lora 

2 pi., frena 2 pi., habense 1 pi. = 

reins, jiigum 2 = yoke, phalSrie 1 pi. 

= trappings, caplstrum 2 = halter, 

&c. 
(b) armour, q. v. 

HARNESS, to — V. act., jungo 3. 

Phr., sub juga cogo (3), mitto (3), 
diico (3), &c. ; jugo colla subdo (3), sup- 
pond (3). 

HARNESSED — adj., caplstrdtus. 

HARP — subst., Ipra 1 ; clthara 1 ; 
bdrbltds 2 ; testudo 3 f. ; fides 3 f . pi. ; 
chfflys 3 f. ; Sbur 3 n.. Use also cli&rdx 
1 pi. ; fila 2 pi., nervi 2 pi. = strings. 

Ep. tuneful, vocal, Apollinean {Apol- 
llnSus'), Phoebsean {Fhaebxus), sweet, 
&c. 

HARP, to — V. neut., cano 3 ; sdno 1 ; 
mdduldr 1 ; psdllo 3 (H.). 

V. act., to harp upon, crSpo 1 ; 

decdnto 1. 

HARPER— subst., fldlcen 3 m. ; 
cltharmdus (Juv., Mart., H.). 

Ep. tuneful, aged, &c. 
HARPOON— subst., hdsttlg 3 n. ; cor- 
niis. 2. 
Ep. iron, deadly, unerring, &c. 



HARPY 



( 163 ) 



HAUL 



HAEPY— subst., Hdrpyia 1. 

Ep. voracious, loathsome, foul, &c. 

HAEPY— adj. = gn-edv, q. v. 

HABBIEE, HAEKOW— subst., ras- 
trum 2. 

Phr., rdstrl pondus (3 n.). Bush- 
harrow may perhaps be rendered by 
vlmlnSx crates, (Verg. Georg. i. 95). 

Ep. iron, heavy, &c. 

HAEKOW, to— V. act. 
(a) deed 1 (H.). 

Phr., glebas frdngo (3), edmwXnUo (3). 
(6) to distress, q. v. 

HAEEY, to— V. act. 
(a) to aunoy, q. v. 
(i) to ravage, dverto 3 (prseddm) ; vds- 

to 1 ; devdsto 1 ; desolo 1 ; pdpulo 1 ; 

pdpuldr 1 ; depSpulSr 1. 

HAESH— adj., austeriis, dspSr, sSve- 
tus, dmdriis, torvus, tSMcus, durus, edu- 
rus, ssevus, Immitis, erudelis, bdrbarus, 
trux, dtrox, truciilentus, Inhumdnus, 
difflcilts, drldus (used by V. of sound). 

HAESHLY — adv., crudelit^r ; aeerba, 
n. pi. ; hostilltSr. 

HAST — subst., cervus 2. 

Ep. homed, woodland, timid, &c. 

HAE VEST— subst. 
(a) messis 3 f . ; s^gis 3 f . ; Cffres 3 f. ; 

fruges 3 f. pi. ; splcm 1 pi. ; arUtse 

1 pi. ; sata 2 pi. 

Phr., dmia (2 pi.) C?rSris or CSrSdlla, 
telluris dpes (3 f. pi.), &c. 

Ep. abundant, ripe, rich, &c. 
(h) reward, prmmium 2 ; prStlum 2 ; 

fructus 4 ; merees 3 f. 

HAEVE8T-H0ME— subst., phr., sac- 
rum (2) CeredU, CSrSdlla festa (2 pi.), 
&c. 

HAEVESTEE, HAEVESTMAN — 
subst., messdr 3 m. 

HASTE — subst. No exact equiva- 
lent. Translate by adj. or adv., e.g. 
trSpldm, cltO, oelus, «&c. ; or by a phrase, 
tmlld mOrd, j)6sitd mdrd, non cunctdtus, 
non lentus, iwn gegnis, &c. 

HASTE, HASTEN, to— v. act., prd- 
p?r6 1 ; deprOpSro 1 ; mdtiiro 1 ; cSl?rd 
1 ; dccelSro 1 ; urg^o 2 ; pr^mo 3 ; in- 
sto 1 ; festino 1 ; corrlpio 3 (a journey, 
&c.) ; prorlpio 3 (Hor. Od. 1, 8^ 16.) 

V. neut., festino 1 ; prdpSro 1 ; 

dcc^Sro 1 ; mdturo 1 ; curro 3 ; prseei- 
pito 1 ; ddvSlo 1 ; dceurro 3. 

Phr., non moror. To hasten to may 



be translated by adverbs, e.g. hasten to 
bring water, ctt8, c'ltlus, or ociiis fSr 
aquam ; hasten to the shore, cltlus pStS 
littdra. 

HASTILY — adv., cUd, cltlus, actus, 
prdpSre, prdpSrdntSr (Lucret.). Ovid 
uses prdpSrdntlus. 

HASTY— adj. 

(a) quick, citus, cSlSr, trSpidus, prSpS- 
rus, prSpSrdns, festlnus, prx/estlndtus. 

(b) rash, f^mffrdrius, prmceps, incautus, 
imprudens, cxcus. 

Phr., prxceps animi. 

HAT — subst. Use mltra 1 ; pilSiSlwm 

2 ; galerus 2 ; causla 1 (Mart.). 
HATCH, to— V. act. 

(a) exeludo 3 (Lucret.). 

(6) Phr., to hatch a plot, strtio (3), mo- 

lldr (4), neeto (3), texo (3), verso (1), 

ddlum, insldlds, &c. 

HATCHET— subst., s^curls 3 f . ; bl- 
pennls 3 f. ; ferrum 2. 

Ep. sharp, two-edged, iron, &c. 

HATE, to — V. act., odi, defect. ; de- 
testdr 1 ; dbomindr 1 ; dversdr 1. 

Phr., ddlo sSqtidr (3), persSquS^r (3), 
ddUs exereSo (2). 

HATE — subst., ddlum 2; detestdtlo 

3 f. ; inimicltla 1. 

Ep. dire, lasting, unjust, &c. 

HATED, HATEFUL — adj., Invlsiis, 
detistdtus, ddlosus. Use also mdlestus, 
Inamdbllls, ingrdttis, Indnmnus, offensus 
(Hor. Epod. XV. 15). 

HATEE— subst., Inimicus 2. 

HATEED — subst., ddlum 2; detes- 
tdtlo 3 f., Inimicltla 1 ; sometimes si- 
multds 3 f., invldia 1, ira 1, furdr 3 m. 

Ep. dire, lasting, unjust, bitter, in- 
expiable, hidden, deadly, relentless, 
&c. 

HAUBEEK— subst., loricS 1. 

HAUGHTILY— adv., superbe. Trans- 
late usually by adjective. 

HAUGHTINESS— subst., guperbla 1 ; 
fdstus, 4. See Pride. 

HAUGHTY — adj., superbus, fastidl- 
osus, insdlens, tumens, tiimldus, rSsuplnus 
(with head erect), sublimls, guperblens, 
impgrlosus. 

Phr., fdstu or anlmis eldtus, tumens, 
&c. 

HAUL, to — V. act. = to drag, q. v. 
For hauling at a line, see Ov. Her. x. 
104. 

M 2 



HAULM 



( 164 ) HEADSTRONG, HEADY 



HAULM — subst., culmus 2 ; avenS 1 ; 
cSISmus 2 ; stXpula 1. 

HAUNCH — subst., fSmur 3 n. ; latUs 
3 n. ; sometimes crug 3 n. 

HAUNT, to— V. act., cefd)TO 1 ; frS- 
quento 1 ; cdlo 3. 

Phr., frequens adSo (irr.), ot»o (3), 
j>m (3). 

HAUNT— subst. 
(o) of wild animals, lustrum 2 (usually 

in plural); of birds, avldrium 2 Idte- 

brE 1 pi., ddmm 2 and 4 f. See Cave. 

Ep. remote, solitary, woodland, &c. 
(6) of men. Phr., Idea (2 pi.) nota. 

Idea cSlSherrXma. Use also street, 

market-place, &c. 

HAVE, to — V. act. = to possess, 
Jiab^o 2 ; possld^o 2. 

Phr., I have a father, est miliT pat^r ; 
we have ripe apples, sunt mihis mltla 
poma. 

HAVEN — subst. See Harbour. 

HAVERSACK— subst. See Bag. 

HAVOC — subst., elides 3 f. ; perntcies 
5; riitna 1; exttium 2; funus 3 n. ; 
exeldium 2. 

Phr., to make havoc of = to devas- 
tate, vasto 1 ; pdpiilo 1 ; p8pul6r 1 ; 
depiSpuldr 1 ; desolo 1 ; devdsio 1 . 

Ep. deadly, bloody. Impious, &c. 

HAW — subst., bdcca 1. 

HAWK — subst., acciplter 3 m. Use 
also milvus 2 ; miluus 2, 

Ep. keen, cruel, swift, &c. 

HAWKEE— subst. = pedlar, InstUSr 
3 m. 

HAWSEE— subst. = cable, q. v. 

HAWTHOEN — subst., spina 1 ; ruMs 
2 ; sentis 3 m. pi. ; veprls 3 m. ; usually 
in plural, dumus 2. Use also rubetum 
2 ; dumetum 2. 

Ep. white, spring, thorny, &c. 

HAY — subst. ,/Sn«m 2. 

Phr., grdmlna (3 pi.) tosta or sicca. 
(Cf., too, Ov. R. Am. 191, 2.) 

HAYLOFT — subst., foenile 3 n. 
(Verg.). 

HAYHAKEE — subst. Use messdr 
3 m. ; agrestis 3 m. ; rustlcus 2. 

HAZAED — subst. 
(a) chance, dUa 1. See Chance. 
(6) danger, q. v. 

HAZAED, to — V. act. = to endanger, 
q. V. 



HAZAEDOUS — adj. = dangerous, 
q. V. 

HAZE— subst., n?hula 1 ; nuhes 3 f . ; 
vapdr 3 m. ; der 3 m. 

Phr., humens umbra (1). 

Ep. obscure, gathered, evening, &c. 

HAZEL— subst., cdrylus 2 f. ; nux 3 f . ; 
cdryletum 2 (a hazel grove). 

Ep. fragile, woodland, &c. 

HAZEL— adj., etHurnus. 

HAZY — adj., n?btdosm, nubilus, ob- 
scuriis, crdssus, liumldus, humens. 

HE — pron., hie, ills. 

HEAD— subst. 
(a) caput 3 n. Sometimes vertex 3 m. 

Ep. honourable, venerable, beaute- 
ous, youthful, &c. 
(6) chief, prhtceps 3 ; dux 3 m. ; dUc- 

tSr 3 m. ; prxsSs 3 m. 

Ep. valiant, august, aged, warlike, 
&c. 

(c) top, vertex 3 m. ; apex 3 m. ; c&cu- 
mgn 3 n. 

Ep. (of a mountain) snowy, aerial, 
inaccessible, &c. 

(d) fountain-head, fons 3 m. ; capiit 
3n. 

(e) Phr., to give his head (to a horse), 
do (1) lora, habends, &c. 

(/) Phr., to make head against = to 

resist, q. v. 

HEAD, to — V. act. = to take the 
lead, duco 3 ; prsesum, irr. ; dlrigo 3. 

HEAD-ACHE — subst., capliU ddW 
(Ov. Am. I. viii. 73). 

HEAD - BAND, HEAD - DEES8 — 
s\3bai.,vitta I ; infula 1 ; mitra 1 ; tsenXa 
1; cdrond 1. 

Ep. white, womanly, long, &c. 

HEADFOEEMOST — adj , prmceps, 
cernCius (Yi-rg. JEn. x. 894). 

HEADLAND— subst. = cape (a), q. v. 

HEADLONG— adj., prmceps, t^mSr- 
drius, incautu-^, cxciis. 

HEADLONG — adv. Translate by 
adjective. 

HEADPIECE— subst. = helmet, q. v. 

HEADSHIP — subst. = authority, 
q. V. 

HEADSMAN— subst., cdrnXfex 3 m. 

HEADSTONE— subst., (of a grave) 
use lapXs 3 m. ; mdrmdr 3 n. ; sdxum 2. 

Ep. mindful, engraved, marble, &c. 

HEADSTRONG, HEADY— adj., prm- 
ceps, tSmSrdrXus, furiosus, furibundus. 



HEAL 



( 165 ) 



HEATHCOCK 



iyicautus, emeus, dmens, demens, insdnus, 
vidlentus. 

HEAL, to — V. act., mSdSdr 2 ; sdno 1 ; 
TnSdlcOr 1. 

V. neut., sdnffr 1 ; e8£o 4, irr. 

Phr., cicatrieem duco (3), to form a 

8car. 

HEALEE— subst., m^dicus 2. 

HEALING — adj., s&luMr, salutdris, 
ealutiffr, medicus. Use also prebsens. 

HEALTH— subst., salus 3 f . ; vale- 
tudo 3 f. (H.). Your health ! salve, 
h^nS sit tibi, hSnS te. Cf . da puSr auguris 
Murense (Hor. Od. iii. 19, 10). 

Ep. firm, sound, lasting, failing, &c. 

HEALTHFUL, HEALTHY— adj., sa- 
lutdris, saluher, salutifffr, sanus, valens, 
validus, int^gSr, sincerus. 

HEAP — subst., acerviis 2 ; moles 3 f. ; 
dggSr 3 m. ; cumulus 2 ; strues 3 f. ; eon- 
gSrles 5 ; congestus 4 (Lucret.). 

Ep. high, piled-up, huge, &c. 

HEAP, to — V. act., eumulo 1 ; dccu- 
mulo 1 ; dggero 1 and 3 ; acervo 1 ; rS- 
gSro 3 ; eOucervo 1 ; stru5 3 ; exstruo 3 ; 
glSm^ro 1 ; eogo 3 ; augPo 2. 

HEAR, to — V. act., audio 4; exeipio 
3 ; dcciplo 3 ; sometimes cognosco 3 
(Verg. Eclog. vi. 25). 

Phr., aur^ blbo (3), to drink in with 
the ear. Often use disco 3 ; sentio 4. 

HEAEER— subst., audltdr 3 m. 

Ep. attentive, weary, careless, &c. 

HEARING— subst. 

(a) Phr., to give a hearing = to hear, 
q. V. See Audience (c). 

(b) within hearing. Phr., und? pdtest 
audlr?, whence he can hear; quo vox 
adit, pervSnlt, &c., whither the voice 
reaches. 

HEAEZEN, to — v. act. = to hear, 
q. V. _ 

V. neut. auscuUo (H.) 

HEABSAY — subst. = rumour, fdmd 

1 ; rumdr 3 m. 

HEARSE— subst. Vae fgretrum 2. 

HEAKT— subst. 
(a) cor 3 n. ; often pectus 3 n. ; vlscira 

3 pi., prsecordia 3 pi., animus 2, mens 

3 f. [&c. 

Ep. tender, hard, relentless, loving, 
(&) courage, animus 2 ; virtus 3 f. ; vis 

3 f. ; eonstdnila 1 ; auddcla 1. 

Ep. brave, fearless, youthful, &c. 

(c) to learn by heart, edlsco 3. 



((Z) to have at heart = to be eager for, 

studio 2 ; drdio 2. 
(e) a hard heart = cruelty, q. v. Sllex 

3 f . (a flint) is used in this sense. 

HEART-ACHE — subst. = sorrow, 
q. v. ; perhaps cura 1 (Hor. Od. ii. 8,8). 

HEAET-BEEAKING— adj. Use le- 
tdlls, litlfSr, exltldlls, incdnsolablllSy 
acerbus. 

HEART-BURNING— subst., tnimicX- 
tia 1 ; rlxa 1 ; simultds 3 f. 

Ep. fierce, bitter, &c. 

HEARTEN, to— v. act. = to encou- 
rage, q. v. 

HEARTFELT— adj., verUs, IngSnum 
(Juv.). 

HEAETH — subst., fScus 2; some- 
times p^nStrdlS 3 n., Lares 3 m. pi., 
Penates 3 m. pi. (all in the sense of 
home). 

Ep. sacred, familiar, ancestral, &c. 

HEAETILY— adv., p^nltus, vere. 

Phr., ex animo. 

HEAETLESS— adj._ 
(a) immltls, JerrStis, sxvus, effSrUs. See 

Cbuel. 
(6) coward, q. v. 

HEAETEENDING — adj. = heart- 
breaking, q. V. 

HEAETSEASE— subst. Use viSla 1. 

HEARTSICK— adj. Use segSr, soUl- 
cltus, un.dus. 

HEART-SICKNESS, subst., tsedium 2. 

HEAET-WHOLE— adj., intigSr^ va- 
cuus. 

HEAETY— adj. 
(a) healthy, q. v. 
(6) sincere, veriis, sincerus (Mart.), in- 

gSnitus (Juv.), fldus, fldelis. 

HEAT — subst., caldr 3 m. ; fervffr 
3 m.; Estus 4 ; drddr 3 m. 

Ep. summer, fiery, moderate, im- 
moderate, &c. 

HEAT, to — V. act., cdlfSclo 3, irr. 
Incdlfacio 3, irr. ; calSfdcto 1 (H.) ; some- 
times /i?«^o 2. 

HEATH— subst., 
(a) the plant, Sncd 1 (no poetical autho- 
rity). 

Ep. purple, mountain, wild, &c. 
(6) common, q. v. 

HEATHCOCK — subst., perhaps dt- 
tagen 3 m.; lagols 3 f. (H.). 

Ep. mountain ( monticdla ), wild, 
winged, &c. 



HEATHEN 



( 166 ) 



HEEL 



HEATHEN— subst. No exact equi- 
valent. Use phrase, turba (1) or geng 
(3 f.) prd/dna. 

HEATHEN — adj. Use prdfanus ; 
sometimes implus. 

HEATHEE— subst. = heath, q. v. 

HEATHEEY, HEATHY — adj., ^n- 
cseus (no poetical authority). Use flo- 
rldus, florens, vemdns, fiorSus. 

Phr., florlbUs pictus, illltus, distinctus, 
&c. 

HEAVE, to— V. act. 
(a) tollo, irr. ; Uvo 1 ; subUvo 1 ; dt- 

tollo 3. 
(6) a sigh or groan, duco 3 ; tralio 3 ; 

do 1 ; edo 3 ; mitto 3 ; ci£o 2. 

V. neut. 

(a) of the breast, Snhelo 1 ; tarMo 2 ; 

tumesco 3 ; turgSo 2. 
(6) of the sea, tUmSo 2 ; tfimisco 3 ; <Mr- 

geo2. 

HEAVEN— subst. 
(a) coelum 2 (no plural); ^Zms 2; 

Gxts 3 m. 

Phr. cceli cdnvexa(2 pi.), cS?i templa(2 
pi.), or concava (2 pi.), &c.,sMj3^ra (2 pi.). 

Ep. boundless, profound, starry, 
vaulted, &c. 

(6) abode of the gods, ccelum 2 ; Olym- 
pus 2. 

Phr., ccelt regnS (2 pi.), dtrlS (2 pi.) 
J(y?;?8 sedes (3 f.), regta(l), sidSrSse drees 
(3 f. pi.), diorum ticta (2 pi.), &c. In 
both senses, different parts of the 
heaven may often be used for the 
heaven itdelf, e.g. dstra 2 pi. ; sidi'ra 
3_pl. (the stars); either 3 m. (the air; 
aurae 1 pi. (the breezes); nibes 3 f. 
(the clouds), &c. 

Ep. sublime, vast, inaccessible, 
shining, &c. 

HEAVEN-BEAEING— adj., cmtf^r. 
HEAVEN -BOEN, HEAVENLY— 
adj., ccelestls, divinug, MMrlug. From 
heaven, divinltug, adv. 

HEAVEN-SENT— adj.,- caelestls, divi- 
nus. 

__mEAVENWAED — adv., phr., ad 
auras, ad coelum, ad sefhSra, &c. 
HEAVILY— adv., gravlt^r. 
HEAVINESS— subst., gravltds 3 f. ; 
pondus 3 n. ; dniis 3 n. 

HEAVING— subst., anhelitus 4. 
HEAVING — adj., (epith. of sea), 



tumldus, tumultuosm, turhldus, turgldUs, 
agltdtus, tumens, turgens. 
HEAVY— adj. 

(a) gravis, SrvSrosus, prmgravis. 
Phr., won iSvls. 

(b) of grief, &c., gravis, mdlestus, lugu- 
bris, sollicltus, dspSr, acerbUs, tristlSy 
durus. 

(c) of rain, &c., splssus, densus, gravis, 
Idrgus. 

HEAVY-HEAETED — adj., Mstls = 
sorrowful, q. v. 

HECATOMB— subst., Mcdtombe 3 f. 
(Juv.). Use phrase, e.g. a hundred 
necks of oxen. 

HECTIC — adj., perhaps tabldus, letd- 
lis. 

Phr., mortis prxnuntlus, prxsdgus. 

HECTOE, to— V. act. See Brow- 
beat, TO. 

HEDGE— subst., sepes 3 f. 

Ep. dense, thorny, leafy, &c. 

HEDGE, to — V. act , seplo 4. 

Phr., sepem prxtendo (3), sepibus 
claudo (3), munlo (4), circumdo (1). 

HEDGEHOG— subst., echinus 2 (no 
good poetical authority in this sense). 

Ep. bristly, timid, &c. 

HEDGEE— subst. Use fossSr 3 m. ; 
perhaps putdtdr 3 m. (Mart.), fronddtdr 
3 m. 

Ep. busv, rustic, handy, &c. 

HEDGEEOW— subst., sepes 3 f. 

Phr., hedgerow elms, ulmorum ordd 
3 m. ; hedgerow trees, vlhurna 2 pi. 

HEDGE-SPAEEOW — subst. Use 
pdssSr 3 m. 

HEED, to— V. act. 
(a) to remember, mark (Jo), q. v. 
(6) to obey, q. v. ; sometimes euro I, 

respecto 1. 
(c) to take care of, q. v. 

HEED — subst., cura 1 ; sedulltds f. ; 
sometimes rgvSrentla 1, obsSqulum 2. 

Ep. cautious, watchful, &c. 

HEEDFUL— adj. = careful, q. v. 
_HEEDFTILLY — adv. = carefully, 
eaute, sapleutir. 

HEEDLESS — adj., KmSrariiis, impru- 
dens, incautus, securus, prseceps, cxcus. 

HEEDLESSLY — adv., tSm^rS. 

HEEL— subst., cdlx 3 f. 

Ep. threatening, armed (of a rider), 
&c. 



HEIFER 



( 167 ) 



HERB 



HEIFER — subst., vacca 1 ; tJttUla 1 ; 
juvencd 1 ; hucula 1. 

Ep. gentle, sportive, faithful, &c. 

HEIGHT— subst. 
(a) In literal sense no equivalent. 

Perhaps dscensus 4 ; suspectus 4. 

Eender by adj. See High. 
(6) the heights, dltd 2 pi. = moun- 
tains, q. V. 
(c) Phr., the height of folly, stultUia 

(1) summa ; the height of virtue, 

virtus (3) summa. 

HEINOUS — adj., tmmdnXs, impTus, 
nSfdndus, infdndus, tacendus, horrendus, 
fcedils, indignus, crudelis, atrox. 

HEIB — subst., hires 3 m. 

Ep. youthful, wasteful, eager, &c. 
_HEIELOOM— subst., perhaps the- 
saurus 2. 

Phr., dScSra (3 pi.) dlta parentum. 

Ep. precious, ancient, ancestral, &c. 

HELL— subst., Tdrtara 2 pi.; Or- 
cSs 2. 

Phr., Plutonis regno (2 pi.), EumSnt- 
dum sedes (3 f .), umbrdrum dihnus (2 and 
4 f .), regno, tristia (2 pi.) ; also Avernus 
2, &c. See Infernal. 

Ep. black, gloomy, profound, lurid, 
&c. > 

HELLEBOEE— subst., hellShSrus 2. 

Ep. strong-smelling, gravis (Verg. 
Georg. iii. 451). 

HELLISH — adj., infernus, TdrturSus, 
Stpgitis, impttis. 

HELM — subst., (of a boat, ship) 
guberndclum 2 ; cldms 2 ; mMSramSn 
3 n. ; gubernum 2 ; (Lucr.). 

Ep. firm, trusty, &c. 

HELM, HELMET— subst., galea 1; 
cassis 3 f. ; cdssida 1. 

Phr., capitis tegmSn (3 n.), xs (3 n.) 
cavum, &c. 

Ep. bronze, iron, inlaid with gold, 
hollow, &c. 

HELMED, HELMETED— adj., gSl^d- 
tiis (Juv.). [&c. 

Phr., gal^am indutus, galSd tectus, 

HELMSMAN — subst., guberndtdr 
3 m. ; rectdr 3 m. ; magist^r 2. 

Ep. wakeful, cautious, tenacious of 
purpose, &c. 

HELP, to — V. act., jiivo 1 ; ddjuvo 1 ; 
s^cundo 1 ; succurro 3 ; ddsum, irr. ; 
suhvSnlo 4. 



Phr., tf|jem or auxUlum do (l)»/fro 
irr,. dddo (3), prmsto (1). 

(Phr.) I cannot help weeping, non 
possum nonflerS. 

HELP — subst., auxlllum 2; suhsl- 
dlum 2 ; dpem 3 f. (ace, gen., and abl. 
singular only) ; ddjumentum 2. 

Ep. present, longed-for, vain, scanty, 
&c. 

HELPER— subst., ddjutdr, 3 m. (Hor., 
Sat.) ; ddjutrix 3 f. ; sdclus 2. 

HELPFUL — adj., auxiltdris, utllis; 
often offlclosus. 

HELPLESS — adj., Inops. 

Phr., slnS virlbus ; auxlllo or 8pS 
orbus or carens. 

HELPMATE— subst. 
(a) sdclus 2. 
(6) wife, q. v. 

HEM— V. act., (with "in," "around," 
&c.) clavdo 3 ; includo 3 ; seplo 4!; (Ar' 
cumdo 1 ; obsldSo 2. 

HEMLOCK — subst., acffnitum 2 ; (in 
pi.) acdnlta 2 ; clcuta 1. 

Ep. deadly, Scythian, &c. 

HEMP— subst., cannabis 3 f. (Per- 
sius) ; siuppa 1. 

Ep. twisted, tough, &c. 

HEMPEN— adj., stuppgus. 

HEN— subst., gdlllna 1 (H.). 

Ep. timid, noisy, feathered, &c. 

HENBANE — subst. Use vSnenum 2, 
See Poison. 

HENCE— adv., Mnc. 

HENCE — interj., feme' prdciil! 

HENCEFORTH, HENCEFORWARD 
— adv., hinc, posthdc, prmtSred ; perhaps 
postmSdij. 

HENCHMAN — subst., famulus 2; 
minister 2 ; sateMs 3 m. 

Ep. trusty, brave, faithful, &c. 

HENPECKED — adj., perhaps uxo- 
rlus. Cf . uxori nubSrS nold mIE (Mart.). 

HEN-ROOST— subst., perhaps, cdhors 
3 f. (lit. farmyard); pertlca 1 (lit. 
perch). 

HERALD— subst. 

(a) nuntlus 2 ; prseco 3 m. ; prxnuntlus 
2. 

(b) harbinger, q. v. 
Ep. loud, shrill, &c. 

HERALD, to — V. act., nuntlo 1. See 
Announce, to. 

HERB — subst., herba 1. 

Ep. low, small, short-lived, &c. 



HERBAGE 



( 168 ) 



HIE 



HEBBAOE — subst., herba 1 ; gramSn 
3 n. ; pabuln 2 pi. 

HEBCULEAN— adj., HercHms, egrS- 
glus, exXmius, ingens, instietus. 

Phr., non sdlltus, non usltdtSs. 

HEBD — • subst., drimntum 2. Use 
names of animals ; bdves 3 m. pi. ; tauri 
2 ; jQvenci 2 ; vdccx 1. See also Drove. 

Ep. slow, fat, lowing, &c. 

HEBD, to — V. neut. = to crowd, v. 
neut., q. v. 

V. act. = to crowd, v. act., q. v. 

HEBDSMAN — subst., biibulcQg 2; 
drmentdrlus 2 ; upilio 3 m. ; pdgt6r 3 ra. 

Ep. tough, rustic, simple, watchful, 
&c. 

HEBE — adv., Uc: often = hither, 
hue. 

HEBEABOTJTS— adv., prScul, juxtd, 
prSpff. 

Phr. 7i5n prdcul. 

HEBEAFTEB — adv., posthdc, olim, 
pogtmddd. prxtSrSd. 

HEBEBY— adv., hinc, sic. 

HEBEDITABY— adj., paternus, pd- 
trius, avitus. 

HEBEIN— adv.. Mo. 

HEBETOFOBE — adv., adhiic, antff, 
prliis. 

HEBEUPON — a,dv.,protinus, contlnuo 
exfempld. 

HEBITAGE— subst. See Estate (c). 
Sometimes may be translated by dos 
3 f. ; dotes 3 pi. 

HEBMIT— subst., phr., sac?r Incdla 
(1), montis, vdllis, &c. ; plus sSnex (3 m.) ; 
eSnex (3 m.), qui Idea sold, desertd, &c., 
cdllt. 

HEBMITAGE— subst. See Cell (6). 

HEBO — subst., herds 3 m. = mythical 
hero or demi-god ; vir 2 ; sometimes 
dux 3 m., juvSnls 3 m. 

Ep. brave, patient, impetuous, fear- 
less, &c. 

HEBOIC — adj., egrffgius, fortU, 
strenuus, virills, mdgndnlmm, impdvidus, 
firmus, constdns, implgSr, interrltus, im- 
perterrit&s, dnlmosus. Heroic metre, 
poem, &c., cf. Ov. Fast. ii. 126. 

HEBOINE— subst., herols 3 f.; he- 
roind 1 (Prop.) ; vlrdgo 3 f. 

Phr., virgo (3 f .) incJyta ; miillSr (3 f .) 
non hvmilis, vlrili menti, &c. 

Ep. fearless, warrior, &c. 

HEBON— subst., drdid 1. 



HEBBING — subst., perhaps msenS 1. 

HESITATE, to — v. neut., diibitd 1 
(often with infln.) ; hierio 2 ; fluctuo 1 ; 
flulto 1 (H.) ; pendSo 2 ; musso 1. 
" To hesitate to ... " is sometimes 
rendered by timide, e.g. Ov. E. Am. 
722. 

HEST — subst. = command (a), q. v. 

HEW, to— V. act. 
(a) to hew down = to cut (a), q. v. 
(6) to hew out, rScido 3; excido 3; 

s^co 1. 

HEWEB — subst., ligndtdr 3 m. (no 
poetical authority) ; fronddtffr 3 m. ; 
putdtdr 3 m. 

HIBEBNAL — adj. = wintry, q. v. 

HIBERNATE, to — v. neut., perhaps 
hlSmo 1 (H.) ; hlberno 1 (Persius), more 
usually dormlo 4, quiesco 3. 

HIDDEN — adj., celdtus, secretus, tec- 
tiis, csecus, condltus, Idtens, Idtltdns, 6e- 
diltug, dbdltUs, ijivisus, rScondltus, db- 
strusus, irrSpertus. 

HIDE, to — V. act., celo 1 ; condo 3 ; 
abscondo 3 ; t?go 3 ; dbdo 3 ; occulto 1 ; 
occulo 3 ; disslmulo 1 ; tdcSo 2= to keep 
secret. 

V. neut. Any of the above 

verbs in passive voice or with se, &c. ; 
also IdtSo 2 ; Idtlto 1 ; delitesco 3. 

HIDE— subst. 

(a) skin, pellis 3 f. ; vellOs 3 n. ; some- 
times villus 2; seta 1. 

Ep. bristly, soft, dappled, &c. 

(b) skin stripped off, pellis 3 f . ; vellds 
3 n. ; exuviae 1 pi. ; spdlium 2 ; cSrlum 
2 ; tergUs 3 n. ; tergum 2. 

Ep. bristly, thick, and epithets of 
colour, &c. 

HIDEOUS — adj., deformts, infortrds, 
tHrpis. 

Phr., horrendus, &c., visu. See 
Frightful. 

HIDEOITSNESS- subst. Use dspeo- 
tus^; visits^; fades 5, &c., with epithet, 
e.g. turpU, informis, terrlblUs, &c. 

HIDING-PLACE— subst., iStebrx 1 
pi. ; rScess&s 4 ; often use dntrum 2 ; 
cdvum 2 ; cdvernd 1 ; sp^cus 4 ; speldnca 
1 ; spel^um 2 ; or umbra 1 ; cdligo 3 f . ; 
tSnebrx 1 pi. 

Ep. safe, dark, inaccessible, forest, 
mountain, &c. 

HIE, to — V. neut. = to hasten, v. n., 
q. V. 



HIGH 



( 169 ) 



HISTORIC 



'. 1 

HILLY — adj., montosus, clivosiis. ^ 
HILT — subst., capulm 2. 
Ep. jewelled, golden, iron, &c. 
HIND— subst. 

(a) female deer, eerva 1. 
Ep. timid, woodland, &g. 

(b) labourer, rusticus 2; dgrestis 3i 
cidonus 2 ; bubulcus 2 ; agrlcOla 1 i 
ruricdla 1. 

Ep. hardy, patient, &c. ^ 

HINDEB, to— V. act., tmpMlo 4; 
•prxpSdio 4 ; obsto 1 ; rSsido 3 ; mdrdr 
1 ; tdrdo 1 ; demSrSr 1 ; cdercSo 2 ; prd- 
hibSo 2 ; inter cludo 3. 

HINDEE— adj., postSMr. 

HINDMOST — adj., postremus, ex- 
tremus. 

HINDRANCE— subst., mdra 1; r£^ 
mdrdmSn 3 n. 

Ep. annoying, slow, &c. 1 

HINGE— subst., cdrdo 3 m. 

Ep. creaking, slow, heavy, &c. 

HINGE, to — V. neut. See DEPEXDi 
TO, V. neut. (a). 

HINNY, to — V. neut., hinnto 4. 

HINT, to — V. act. HINT— subst. 
Translate by phrases, e.g. Rumorem 
sSro (3), voceg dmbiguds spdrgo (3), 
nutu Idqiidr (3), signified (1), signa do 
(1) ; perhaps subjiclo 3, submittd 3. 

HIP — subst., thigh, /fmwr 3 n. 

Ep. solid, firm, &c. 

HIP — subst. = berry, bdcca 1. 

Ep. red, wintry, &c. 

HIBE, to — V. act., conduco 3. 

Phr., prStid, mercedS &c. ; paro 1, &c. 

HIRELING — subst., conductus 2 ; 
sometimes allenus. See Verg. Eclog. 
iii. 5. 

HIBEB — subst., condHctdr 3 m. 

HIBSUTE — adj., hirsdtus, liirtus, 
hispXdus (Hor. Od. iv. 10, 5). 

HIS OWN — poss. pron. suus, prS- 
prlus. 

HISS, to — V. neut., sibtlo 1. 

Phr., sibila mitto (3), edo (3), &c. 

HISS — subst., sibllus 2 ; stridor 3 m. ; 
slblla 2 pi. 

Ep. angry, threatening, eager, &c. 

HISSING — adj., sibllus, siblldns. 

HISTOBIAN — subst., cond'Mr Jiis- 
tSrlsR (Ov.). 

HISTOBIC— adj. 

(a) of a historian, histdricUs. 

(b) ancient, dntiquUs, avitus. 



HIGH— adj. 

(a) rising high, as mountains, trees, 
&c., dltus, celsus, excelsus, drduus, 
sublimls, eldtus, edltus, dSrius, prse- 
celsus, procerus (not of mountains). 

(b) of stars, the heavens, &c., dltiis, 
sUblimis, summus, supremus, supernus. 

(c) of persons exalted, dltus, sublimls, 
superbus, insignls, nobllis, eldtiis, 
clarus, consplcuus. 

(d) a high wind = violent, q. v. 

(e) it is high time. Phr., tempiis adest, 
or express by pelli mSrds, &c., jdm- 
dudum dScSt, &c. 

(/) a high note in music, drgUtus, 

cldrus. 

HIGH— adv. 
(a) aloft, supSr, superne, supra, sublimS, 

Site, sdrsum (Mart.) 

Phr., In dltum (Hor. Od. ii. 3, 19). 
Q)) Phr., from on high, desupSr, ab 

excelso (Ov. Her. xv. 165 ; Fast. ii. 

369). 

HIGH-BOBN — adj., nobllis, gSngrosus. 

Phr., stirpS, sdngulnS, &c. ; cldrus, 
illustrls, &c. 

HIGH-FLOWN— adj. See Bombast. 

HIGHLAND— adj. See Mountain- 
ous. 

HIGHLANDEB— subst. Mountain- 
eer, montlcdlS 1 m. ; montdnus 2. 

Phr., gens (3 f.) incdla inontls, amdns 
nwntis, &c. 

Ep. tough, hardy, loyal, used to cold, 
toil, &c. 

HIGHLY — adv., multum, vdlde (Cat., 
Mart.). 

HIGH-METTLED— adj., dcgr, anlmo- 
siig, dnlenif. 

HIGH-MINDED— adj. = proud, q. v. 

HIGH-PBIEST — subst., sacerdos 
3 m. ; pontlfex 3 m. ; dntistSs 3 m., fem. 
dntistlta 1. 

Ep. venerable, aged, august, &c. 

HIGHWAY— subst., via 1 ; dgg^r 3 m. 

Ep. dusty, long, tedious, hot, &c. 

HIGHWAYMAN — subst., latro 3 ; 
prsedo 3 m. ; grdssdtdr 3 m. (Juv.). 

Ep. bold, nocturnal, ruthless, &c. 

HILL — subst., collis 3 m. ; clivUs 2 ; 
iumulus 2. 

Ep. grassy, rocky, high, inaccessible, 
&c. 

. HILLOCK — subst., tumulus 2 ; tumSr 
3 m. 



HISTORY 



( 170 ) 



HOLLOW 



HISTOBY — subst., MstSria 1 ; dnndles 
3 m. pi. ; fasti 2 pi. ; mdnumentS 2 pi. 
Ep. ancient, august, venerable, &c. 
HIT, to — V. act. 

(a) fSrlo 4 ; percutlo 3 ; csedo 3 ; (with a 
pointed weapon) figo 3. 

(b) to hit a mark, tango 3 ; attingo 3 ; 
contingo 3. 

HIT — subst. = stroke, ictus 4. 
Ep. sure, deadly, &c. 
HITCH— subst., mSra 1. 
HITHER— adv., hue. 
HITHERTO— adv., adhue. 
HITHERWARD— adv., hie. 
HIVE— subst. 

(a) beehive, alvSus 2 (Tib.) ; alvSarium 
2 (scanned dlvdrium) ; priesepS 3 n. ; 
perhaps cellie 1 pi., cdvSse 1 pi., 
prsesepid 3 n. pi. 

Phr., apum ddmus (2 and 4 f.), sedes 
(3 f.), llmlnS (3 pi.). 

Ep- thronged, warm, safe, &c. 

(b) swarm, exdmSn 3 n. 

HIVE, to — V. act. Use claudo 3. 

HO ! — interj., Jieus! eia! 

HOAR — adj., cdnus, incdnus, cdnens, 
cdnescens. 

HOARFROST— subst., priiina 1. 

Phr., vitrSa priiina. 

Ep. white, early, morning, &c. 

HOARD — subst., acervus 2 ; thesaurus 
2 ; gdza 1. 

Ep. piled-up, guarded, rich, &c. 

HOARD, to — V. act., condd 3 ; cumUlo 
1 ; dccumulo 1 ; servo 1. See Accumu- 
late, TO ; Keep, to. 

HOARINESS — subst., canities 5 ; 
cdnl 2 pi. (understanding capilli). 

Ep. venerable, aged, &c. 

HOARSE — adj., raucus, raudtsSnus 
(Cat.). _ 

Phr., rauca sSndns. 

HOARSENESS — subst., phr., vox 
(3 f.) rauca. 

HOARY— adj. 

(a) cdniis, incdnus, cdnens, cdnescens. 

(b) with frost, -pruinosus, cdnus. 
HOAX, to — V. act. = to cheat, q. v. 
HOBBLE, to — V. neut., claudlco I. 
HOE — subst., sdrculum 2; bldens 

3 m. 

Ep. hard, iron, rustic, &c. 
HOE, to — V. act., sdrrio 4. 
Phr., sdrculofindo (3), purgo (1). 



HOG — subst., porcus 2. 

Ep. greedy, dirty, &c. [2. 

HOGSHEAD— subst., dollum 2 ; cadua 

HOIST, to— V. act., Uvo 1 ; tollo 3, 
irr. ; sublSvd 1 ; sustollo 3. 

HOLD, to — V. act. 
(a) tgnSo 2 ; rSthiSo 2 ; continSo 2. 
(fe) to consider, judico 1 (H.) ; sestimo 1 ; 

censSo 2; puto 1. 

(c) to hold one's peace, silSo 2 ; t&cSo 2. 

(d) to hold in, = to restrain, freno 1 ; 
rSfreno 1 ; cdercio 2 ; tempSro 1 ; 
rnSdSrSr 1. 

(e) to hold one's own. 

Phr., non cedo 3, rScedo 3, &c. 

(/ ) to hold out, tindo 3 ; porrigo 3 ; eocr 
tendo 3 — v. neut., perfSro, irr. ; o6- 
duro 1 ; duro 1 ; gufficid 3. See En- 
duke, TO. 

(gr) to hold up, smtin^o 2 ; fulcio 4. 

01) to possess, hab^o 2 ; tSnSo 2 ; otff- 
nSo 2 ; frMr 3 ; possXdSo 2 ; pdtldr 4. 

(i) to hold one's hand, manum susttnSo 
(Ov. jPosf. V. 302). 
V. neut. 

(a) to hold good, sto 1 ; sSdgo 2. 

(6) to stop, usually in imperative, 
" Hold ! " 
Phr., gradus, pSdes, &c. ; sistS, inhlbe, 

&c. 

HOLD — subst. 

(a) act of seizing. Translate by verb, 
e.g. to take hold, prShendo 3 ; rapid 
3 ; drripTo 3 ; cdrripXo 3 ; prenso 1. 

(6) prison, q.v. 

(c) fort, q. V. 

(d) of a ship, use dlvSus 2 ,* cavemS 1 
(Lucan.). 

HOLE— subst. 

(a) fdrdmSn 3 n. ; nwta 1 ; hiatus 4. 
Ep. narrow, gaping, &c. 

(b) burrow, cavum 2 ; caverna 1 ; ddmus 
2 and 4 f . 

Ep. dark, dug out, safe, familiar, &c. 

HOLIDAY— subst., ferlse 1 pi. ; otla 

2 pi. 

Phr., dies (5) festus. 

Ep. longed-for, short, deserved, &c. 

HOLIDAY, to keep — v. neut., vSco 1. 

Phr., otia ducSrS, pSragSrS, exercerS. 

HOLINESS— subst., plStds 3 f. ; ms- 
tltds 3 f. ; prdbitds 3 f. 

Ep. pure, chaste, august, &c. 

HOLLOW — adj., cdvus, cavdt&s, con- 
cavus, exesus. 



HOLLOW 



( 171 ) 



HONOURED 



HOLLOW— subst. 
(a) cavum 2 ; lacuna 1 ; alvSus 2. 

Ep. deep, dark, &c. 
(6) glade, mltus 4 ; vallis 3 f. ; rSces- 

ms 4 ; cdnvdllU 3 f. ; latebrse 1 pi. 

Ep. shady, grassy, retired, &c. 

HOLLY — subst. No equivalent. Sub- 
stitute " red berries," " prickly leaves," 
" evergreen tree." See Garland. 

HOLY— adj. 

(a) sdnctus, cdstiis, piiis, sacSr, s&crdtus, 
vSrendus, vSnSrabllls, vSnSrdndus, re- 
ligiosus (of temples, &c.). 

(6) to make holy = to sanctify, Zwsfrol. 
(c) to keep holy = to celebrate, cSlebro 

1 ; dflo 3 ; concSlebro 1. 

HOMAGE — subst., obsSqulum 2; rS- 
verentla 1. 

HOME — subst., ddmus 2 and 4 f. 
Often use Lares 3 m. pi. ; Penates 3 m. 
pi. ; tectum 2 ; sedes 3 f. ; pSngtrdlia 3 
pi. ; sedes 3 f. pi. ; fikus 2 ; limSn 3 n. 

Ep. ancestral, loved, familiar, safe, 
&c. 

HOMEBORN, HOMEBEED— adj. 
(rt) ddmesticus, patrXus. 

(b) homebred slave, vernd 1 (H.). 
HOMELESS — adj., exiU 8; extorris 

3 ; prd/Sgus 3 ; erro 3. 

Phr. dffmo or sedS carens. 

HOMELY — adj., simplex, rusilcus, 
6grestis, perhaps Inorndtus, Incomptus, 
incoiuliius. 

HOMESICK— adj. No equivalent. 

Phr. desidirld ictus, qui tecta patirna 
rSquirit. 

HOMESPUN — adj., crdssus, spissus, 
densus. 

HOMESTEAD — subst., fundus 2 ; 
usually = cottage or farm, q. v. Often 
may be rendered by praesepS 3 ; stabula 
2 pi. ; tecta. 2 pi. ; ddmus 2 and 4 f. ; &c. 

HOMEWAED— adv., dihnum. 

HOMICIDE— subst. 
(«) the man, hdmiclda 1 ; sicdriiis 2. 
(6) the crime, cxdes 3 f. 

HONE— subst., cos 3 f. 

Ep. hard, smooth, &c. 

HONEST — adj., prijbus, bSnus, In- 
nScens, Justus, integSr, plus, xquus, sim- 
plex. 

HONESTY — subst., prdbitds 3 f. ; 
fides 5. 

HONEY— subst., mel 3 n. ; mella 3 
pi. ; favus 2 (lit. honeycomb). 



Phr., melius dona (2 pi.), nectar (3 n.) 
Spurn, &c. 

Ep. sweet, Hymettian, yellow, &c. 

HONEY — adj., mellSus, rnelllfSr, mel- 
litils. 

HONEYCOMB— subst., fams 2. 

Ep. waxen, full, sweet, &c. 

HONEYCOMBED — adj., perhaps ex- 
esus. 

HONEYMOON — subst. No exact 
equivalent. Use perhaps tempSs 3 n. ; 
horx 1 pi. ; mensis 3 m., &c. ; with such 
epithets as aureum, felix, &c., or amorls 
primitise 1 pi. 

HONEYSUCKLE— subst., clymgnus 2. - 
No authority. 

HONIED — adj., mellgus (no good 
authority), mellitus (Cat., H.). See 
Sweet. 

HONOUR— subst. 

(a) glory, hSndr 3 m. ; gloria 1 ; fdmd 
1 ; d^cus 3 n. ; Imis 3 f . ; rwmSn 3 n. 
Ep. undying, bought with toil, blood, 

&c. ; well-earned, &c. 

(b) nobleness of mind, fides 5 ; virtus 
3 f . ; prdbitds 3 f . 

Ep. pure, unstained, sacred, &c. 

(c) chastity, q. v. 

(d) reverence, hdnffr 3 m. ; rSvSrentla 1 ; 
obsequium 2. 

Ep. pious, loyal, humble, &c. 

(e) funeral honours, exsSquiie 1 pi. ; 
justd 2 pi. 

Ep. gloomy, solemn, costly, &c. 

HONOUR, to— V. act. 
(a) to reverence, c8lo 3 ; adoro 1 ; 

v^nSrSr 1 ; pros^qudr 3 ; observo 1 

(Verg. Georg. iv. 212). 

Phr., hSnorS, votis, &c. ; digndr (1), 
veMrSr (1), orno (1), &c. 
(6) to glorify, lidnoro 1 ; cSlebro 1 ; 

laudo 1 ; collaudo 1 ; tollo, irr. ; extollo 

irr. 

Phr., laud^, &c. ; effSro, irr. ; ev^o 
3 ; tollo, irr. ; dScSro 1 ; orno 1 ; auglo 2. 

HONOURABLE— adj., Mnestus, dS- 
corus, pulchSr, lauddndus, fidus, fidells, 
sdnctus. 

Phr., non inhdnestus. 

HONOURABLY— adv., hihieste, Mng. 

Phr., sdlvd fide. 

HONOURED — adj., hdnardtus, laudd- 
tiis, insignls, exlmius, illustrls, con- 
splcuus. 

Phr., hdnorS, &c. ; auctus. 



HOOD 



( 172 ) 



HORRID 



HOOD— subst., pallldlum 2. 

Ep. dark, soft, &c. 

HOODED— adj., (of a hawk) tectus, 
xeldtus. 

Phr., capitg tecto or velato. 

HOODWINK, to— V. act. = to cheat, 
q. V. 

HOOF — subst., unguis 1. Use also 
calx 3 f . ; cdrnu 4. 

Ep. homy, hard, ringing, &c. 

HOOFED — adj., cornlpes. 

HOOK— subst. 

(a) hdmus 2 ; uncus 2 ; »s 3 n. 
Ep. deadly, cruel, deceitful, &c. 

(b) reaping hook,fdlx 3 f. Use also 
ferrum 2. 

Ep. curved, rustic, &c. 

HOOK, to — ^v. act. = to catch with 
a hook. See Catch, to. 

HOOKED — adj. = bent, curvus, rg- 
curvus, incurvus, curvdtm, uncus, adun- 
cus, rSduncus, dhuncus, hdmdtus. 

HOOP — snbst., perhaps orhls 3 m. A 
child's hoop, trSchus 2. 

HOOPOE — subst., g;pops 3 m. 

HOOT, to — v. act. 
(a) of an owl, strSpo 3; quSrdr 3; 

ggmo 3. 
(h) of a mob, sibllo 1 (H.) ; explodo 3 

(H.). 

HOOT — subst., of an owl, questus 4 ; 
gSmitus 4 ; cdntus 4. 

Ep. nightly, repeated, mournful, &c. 

HOP, to — V. neut. 
(a) solid 4. 
(6) to dance, q. v. 

HOP — subst. Substitute words con- 
nected with the vine, e.g. pdlmSs 3 m. 

HOPE— subst. 
(a) spes 5. 

Ep. sure, doubtful, foreseeing, blind, 
foolish, &c. 
(6) confidence, fides 5; plgnus 3 n. 

fiducla 1. 

Ep. certain, rash, vain, &c. 
\c) desire, vota 2 pi. ; ctipido 3 f. ,* 

amifr 3 m. ; studtum 2 ; drddr 3 m. 

Ep. eager, glowing, greedy, &c. 

HOPE, to — V. act. and neut. spero 1. 

Phr., spem fdvSo (2), conctpio (3), 
&c. ; spe ducdr (3), dccendffr (3), &c. ; 
spes pdsco (3), &c. 

HOPEFUL— adj. 
(a) Phr., spe plenus. 



(jb) promising (a hopeful design), cer- 

tiis, felix. 

HOPELESS— adj. 
(a) of persons, exspes (only in nom.). 

Phr., spe orbus, inops, vacuus, carens, 
&c. 
(6) of things, vdnug, irrltus, tndnis, de- 

sperdtus. 

HOBDE — subst., grex 3 m. ; coetus 4 ; 
gens 3 f . 

Ep. barbarous, warlike, roaming, &c. 

HORIZON — subst., perhaps cieli spa- 
tlum (Verg. Eclog. iii. 105) ; (of the 
setting sun) use Western waves, &c. 

HORN— subst. 
(a) (of a stag, &c.) cornu 4. 

Ep. branching, tall, &c. 
(h) (instrument of music) cornu 4; 

tvba 1 ; lltuus 2 ; Ibs 3 n. ; bucclna 1 ; 

concha 1 ; cldssicum, 2. 

Ep. clear, warlike, brass-bound, &c. 

(c) (of the moon) cornu 4. 
Ep. silver, curved, &o. 

(d) cup, q. V. 
HORNBEAM— subst., corniis 2. 

Ep. tough, tall, knotty, good for 
war, &c. 

HORNED— adj. 
(a) corntgSr, bicornls. 

Phr., cornlbus orndtiis, mStuendUs, 
&c. 
(6) the homed moon, bicornis. 

HORNET— subst., crSbro 3 m. 

Ep. fierce, venomous, &c. 

HORNLESS— adj. Phr., sinS cornl- 
bus. 

HORNPIPE— subst. = dance, q. v. 

HORNY— adj. 
(a) made of horn, cornSus. 
(&) callous, hard, of hands, &c., durus, 

durdtus. {See Ov. Fast. iii. 782.) 

HOROSCOPE— subst., dstrum 2. 

Ep. sad, happy, prosperous, ill- 
omened, &c. 

HORRENT— adj . = bristling, horrens, 
horridus. 

HORRIBLE — adj., dlrus, horrendSs, 
mStuendus, horribllts, formlddbills, for- 
middndus, gravis, mindx, ssevils, dsp?r, 
atrox, Infestus, formiddldsUs, trux, nSfdU' 
dies, infdndus, tacendus. 

HORRID— adj. 
(a) horridus, horrens. 
(fc) horrible, q. v. 



HORRIFY 



( 173 ) 



HOUSE 



HORRIFY, to— V. act., terrffo 2 ; Jwr- 
riftco 1 ; conterr^o 2 ; exterr?o 2 ; turbo 
1 ; terrified 1 ; terrtto 1 ; exariimo 1. 

Phr., m^tum, tlmorem, &c. injicio (3), 
incutio (3), acuo (3) ; m^<M or formidlnS 
percello (3), compUo (2). 

HORROR— subst., /terror 3 m. ; trS- 
mCr 3 m. ; pavSr 3 m.; /errtfr 3 m. See 
Feab. Horrors of war, nffds helli 
(Luc). 

Ep. cold, sudden, womanish, &c. 

HORSE— subst. 
(a) ^quiis 2. 

Ep. spirited, unbroken, impatient of 
the curb, warlike, eager, excited, swift, 
docile, &c. 
(6) a war horse, ^quiis 2 ; sffnipes 3 m. ; 

quadrupes 3 m. ; quadrupMans 3 m. ; 

dlipes 3 m. 

Phr., helldtdr ^quiis. 

(c) a riding horse, ^quiis 2 ; cabdllus 2 
(H.). 

(d) a carriage horse, ^g""* 2 ; mdnnus 
2 ; hijuges 3 pi. ; btjUgi 2 pi. In this 
sense often use " chariot," &c. in- 
stead. 

(e) a troop of horse, gquUdtus 4 ; Squl- 
tes 3 m. pi. ; ^quffg 3. 

(/) to take horse, to ride, Sqvlto 1. 

Phr., gquo v?Mr (3). 

HORSE— adj., gqulnus. 

Phr., a two-horse chariot, hijuges 
?qui ; four-horse chariot, quddrljuges 
Squl. 

HORSEBACK— subst. Phr., on horse- 
back, rectus ?quo. 

HORSEHAIR— subst. Phr., seta (1) 
Squlnd. 

HORSEHAIR— adj. Use Squinus. 

HORSEMAN— subst., ?qugs 3 m. 

Ep. keen, warlike, skilled, &c. 

HORSE-RACE — subst., cursus 4 ; 
Squiria 2 pi. 

Ep. swift, breathless, &c. 

HORSESHOE — subst. No equiva- 
lent. Use perhaiJS s8lea 1 ; ferrum 2. 

HORSEWHIP — subst., flSgellum 2 ; 
scutlca 1. 

Ep. twisted, cruel, &c. 

HORSEWHIP, to— V. act. = to flog, 
q. V. 

HOSE — subst. Use hrdca 1 ; hrdcm 
Ipl. 

HOSPICE— subst., JiospUium 2. 



HOSPITABLE— adj., hospitus, hospt- 
tdlis, sometimes comis. 

HOSPITABLY— adv., cmnlt?r. 

HOSPITAL — subst. No equivalent. 
Perhaps asylum 2 ; perfugium 2 ; quies 
3 f. ; ddmus 2 and 4 f . ; rSceptus 4. 

Ep. safe, friendly, &c. 

HOSPITALITY— subst., hospUlum 2. 

Phr., Jwspita tecta (2 pi.). Some- 
times = friendship, q. v. Phr., with 
hospitality, amice, hSnlgne, amicd mentS, 
or hSnignd mentS. 

Ep. bounteous, royal, feigned, &c. 

HOST— subst. 
(a) hospSs 3 m. 
(6) of an inn, caupo 3 m. (Mart., H.). 

Ep. kind, eager, busy, &c. 

HOST— subst. = army, q. v. 

HOSTAGE— subst., obs^s 3 m. 

HOSTEL — subst., liosptttum 2. 

HOSTESS— subst., hospUa 1. 

Ep. busy, friendly, eager for gain. 

HOSTILE — adj., hostilis, inimicus^ 
ddversus, infestus, hosticus. 

HOSTILELY— adv., hosiilmr. 

HOT— adj. 
(a) caltdus, fervldus, calens, fervens, 

drdens, sestuosus, torrldus, iSpens. 
(h) eager, q. v. 
(c) fierce, q. v. (hot-blooded). 

HOT-HEADED— adj., vghSmens (H.), 
vl^entus,furio8us, viSlens. See F uriods. 

HOTLY — adv. = eagerlj', dcrliSr, 
vidlenfgr. See Eager. 

HOUND — subst., catulus 2 ; cants 3 m. ; 
often MSlossus 2, Lacon 3 m., TJmbSr 2, 
Ores 3 m. 

Phr., pack of hounds, turbo. Didnta. 

HOUND, to — V. act. (with "on") 
urg?d 2 ; adurg?o 2 ; stimulo 1 ; inclto 1 ; 
dcuo 3 ; incendo 3. 

HOUR— subst., hora 1. 

Phr., horse spatlum (2). 

Ep. brief, swift, fleeting, &c. 

HOUR-GLASS — subst., clepsydra 1 
(Mart.). No exact equivalent. Per- 
haps arena (1) cadens or Idpsa, hora 
(1) fugdx ; or substitute allusions to 
the sun-dial, e.g. umbra 1, ImSa 1. 

HOURLY— adj. = frequent, q. v. 

HOURLY — adv. Phr., in hords. 

HOUSE— subst. 
(a) ddmus 2 and 4 f . ; tectum 2 ; xdes 

3 f . pi. ; sedes 3 f . pi. ; lim£n 3 n. ; 



HOUSE 



( 174 ) 



HUMILIATE 



Lares 3 m. pi. ; Penates 3 m. pi. ; 

pgnStrulla 3 pi. ; f6cus 2. 

Phr., septa (2 pi.) d&morum. 

Ep. beloved, ancestral, humble, 
royal, proud, lofty, marble, &c. 
(b) family, dOmus 2 and 4 f . ; gens 3 f. ; 

gSnus 3 n. ; stirps 3 f. ; sanguis 3 m. 

Ep. ancient, honourable, humble, 
royal, «S;c. 

HOUSE, to — V. act. = to shelter, 
tSgo 3 ; celo 1 ; exciplo 3. 

HOUSEBBEAKEB — subst., Ihtro 
3 m. ; fiir 3 m. 

HOUSEHOLD— subst. 
(a^fiimfdi 2 pi. ; dSmus 2 and 4 f. 

Phr., turba (1) suorum. 

Ep. faithful, saucy, busy, &c. 
(b) household gods. Lares 3 m. pi. ; 

PSndtes 3 m. pi, ; di 2 pi. 

Ep. sacred, ancestral, &c. 

HOUSELESS— adj. = homeless, q. v. 

HOUSEWIFE — subst., cdlona 1 ; 
rustled 1. 

Ep. thrifty, busy, chaste, honourable, 
&c. 

HOUSING — subst. (of h.oxses) pMU- 
rse 1 pi. 

Ep. gilded, purple, proud, royal, &c. 

HOVEL — subst., c&sa 1 ; tugurium 
2 (gen. tugiiri); taberna 1. 

Ep. mean, squalid, dirty, straw-built, 
&c. 

HOVEB, to — V. neut., perhaps pen- 
dSo 2; flmtol; vSUtol. 

Phr., of a bird, se pennis librarS. 

HOW — adv., quam (usually "with 
adj. or adv.), iit (usually with verb). 

Phr., qua art?, quo mddo. 

HOWBEIT — adv. = nevertheless, 
tumin, attJimSn. 

HOWEVEEr— adv. 
(a) nevertheless, tamSn, dttamSn, at, 

veruntam^n. 
(6) in whatever manner or to whatever 

degree, qudmvis. 

HOWL, to — V. neut., ululo 1 ; ex- 
ululo 1 ; often Idtro 1, cldmo 1, sdnv 1. 

Phr., ululdtum edd (3), mitto (3), 
cm (2). 

HOWL — subst., ululdtus 4 ; often 
cldmdr 3 m. ; questus 4 ; vox 3 f. ; gSml- 
tm 4. 

Ep. hoarse, repeated, nightly, &c. 

HOWLET— subst. = owl, q. v. 



HOWSOEVER— adv. 

(a) Phr., quocunquS mddo. 

(b) although, q. v. 

HOYDEN — subst., perhaps virago 3 f. 

HUBBUB — subst., tumultus 4; turbd 
1 ; cldmdr 3 m. 

Ep. confused, noisy, fierce, &c. 

HUCKSTEE — subst. = pedlar, in- 
stltOr 3 m. 

HUE — subst. = colour, q. v. 

HUG, to— V. act. 
(a) to embrace, dmplectdr 3 ; compleddr 

3. 

Phr., drctius tSnSo 2. 
Q)) to hug the shore, llttiis strlngo 3; 

dmo 1 ; iSgo 3 ; prSmo 3. 

HUG — subst., complexUs 4; dm- 
plexus 4. 

Ep. close, loving, &c. 

HUGE — adj., ingens, tmmdnis, mdg- 
71US, vdstiis, Immensus. 

HULK, HULL— subst., dlvMs 2. 

Ep. huge, wooden, decayed, &c. 

HUM, to — v. neut. 
(a) of bees, strldo 3 ; stridSo 2 ; musso 

1 ; susurro 1. 
(6) of a crowd, musso 1 ; murmUro 1. 

HUM — subst., murm&r 3 n. ; sUsurr&s 
2 ; frSmitiis 4. 

Ep. frequent, harsh, confused, &c. 

HUMAN — adj., humdnus, mortdlis. 

HUMANE — adj., bSnlgnus, mitts, 
Clemens, plus, lenls. 

HUMANKIND— subst., Mmines 3 m. 
pi. ; mortdles 3 m. pi. 

Phr., gins (3 f.) hdmhium. 

HUMBLE— adj. 
(a) of persons, humXlls, demlssus, sup- 

plex, submlssus, Indmbitiosus, infimus. 

Cf. also the use of qudntuluscunquS, 

qudliscunquS, e.g. Ov. Fast. iv. 516. 
(&) of birth, humilts, infimus, obscurUs, 

ignobllls, plebeius (Juv., Prop.). 

Phr., of humble birth, de plebS ndtus. 
(c) of things, exlguus, despectus, paupSr, 

humilis, contemptus, parvus. 

HUMBLE, to — V. act., mlntio 3 ; im- 
mlniio 3; deprimo 3; dejlcio 3; dt- 
tSnuo 1. 

HUMBLY^ — adv., supplMtSr, mOdeste, 
submtsse. 

Phr., supplies or submissd vocS. 
HUMID— adj. = wet, q. v. 
HUMILIATE, to— V. act. = to hum- 
ble, q. V. 



HUMILITY 



( 175 ) 



HUSBANDMAN 



HXTMILITY— subst., obs^quium 2. 

Phr., mens (3 f.) humilis. 

Ep. cringing, slavish, &c. 

HUMMING— subst. See Hum. 

HXTMOUR— subst., Inddles 3 f.; In- 
gSnlum 2 ; mens 3 f . ; sometimes vdlun- 
tas3t; libido 3 f. (H.). 

Ep. inborn, accustomed, ready, &c. 

HUMOEOUS— adj. 

(a) capricious, q. v. 

(b) witty, q. v. 

HUMP — subst., on the back, gihbus 
(Juv.). 

HUNCHBACKED — adj., glbbir (no 
poet, author.). 

Phr., ipsff mos hrSvU^r curvdtus in 
drtus (Prop. iv. 8, 41). 

HUNDRED — adj., centum, centenus. 

HUNDREDFOLD — adj., centum-gg- 
mXnm. 

HUNDRED-HANDED — adj., centl- 
maniis. 

HUNDRED-HEADED — adj., centl- 
ce ps. 

HUNDREDTH — adj., centeslmus. 

HUNGER — subst., fames 3 f. ; je- 
junla 2 pi. 

Ep. gnawing, dreadful, deadly, &c. 

HUNGER, to— V. neut. 
(a) esurio 4. 
(6) to hunger for = to desire, q. v. 

HUNGRY — adj., esuriens, jejunus, 
impMtus. Use avldus. 

HUNT, to — V. act., vendr 1 ; aglto 1 ; 
s^qiUfr 3 ; exagito 1 ; sectdr 1 ; urgSo 2 ; 
prSmo 3 ; insSqu&r 3 ; pers^qudr 3 ; 
proturbo 1 ; ago 3 ; pello 3. 

Phr., they surround the wood with a 
cordon, sdltus indaglnS clngunt. 

V. neut., vendr 1. 

HUNT — subst., vendtus 4. 

Phr., amdr (3 m.) cura (1), studtum, 
(2) vendndi. 

Ep. early, dangerous, rural, &c. 

HUNTER— subst. _ 

(a) vendtGr 3 m. ; prseddtSr 3 m. 

Ep. eager, active, rash, bold, forest- 
haunting, &c. 

(b) of the horse, vendtdr gquiis. 
HUNTING— subst. = hunt, q. v. 
HUNTRESS— subst., vendtrlx 3 f. ; 

jaciildtrLr 3 f. 

HUNTSMAN— subst., renatdr 3 m. 
HURDLE— subst., crdtes 3 f. 
Ep. osier, plaited, &c. 



HURDLE, to — ^v. act, cldudo 3; in- 
cludd 3 ; sepio 4 (often with crdtibus). 

HURL, to — V. act., jacio 3 ; mitto 3 ,• 
ejiclo 3 ; emitto 3 ; injiclo 3 ; projicio 3 ; 
jdcto 1 ; juculSr 1 ; torqu^o 2 ; intorquio 
2 ; contdrquSd 2 ; expgdio 4 (Hor. Od. i. 
8, 12). 

Phr., I hurl headlong, prxclpHto 1. 

HURLER— subst., Jaci!?5<^r 3 m. 

HURRAH— interj., Id ! Id trlumpM! 

HURRAH — subst., plausus 4; da- 
rner 3 m. ; vox 3 f. 

HURRICANE— subst., turbo 3 m. ; 
prdcella 1. See Storm. 

Ep. sudden, wild, mad, dark, &c. 

HURRIED — adj., festlndtiis, festinus, 
trSpidus, prOpSTUs, prdpSratus, prOpSr- 
dns, cltus. 

HURRY, to — V. act. = to hasten, 
q. V. 

— — V. neut. = to hasten, q. v. 

HURRY— subst. = haste, q.v. Some- 
times tiimidtiis 4; turba 1. 

HURRYING — adj. (of streams), 
trgpidus, trSplddns, prdniis. 

HURT, to— v. act., ndcSd 2 ; Isedo 3 ; 
obsum, irr. ; officio 3 ; vl6ld 1. 

HURT— subst. 
(a) wound, vulnus 3 n. ; IctUs 4 ; plaga 

Ep. deadly, trivial, frequent, &c. 
(6) injury, damnum 2 ; injuria 1 ; noxa 

1 ; malum 2. 

Ep. unjust, undeserved, unforeseen, 
&c. 

HURTFUL — adj., ndxlus, nffcens, 
ddmnosus, gravis, perntcidsus, infestus, 
inimicus, exitiosus, exitidlis, funestUs, 
fdtdlis, trlstls, mdlMus, exitlabilis. 

HURTLE, to — V. neut., provido 1; 
crSpito 1. 

HUSBAND— subst., vir 2; m^ritiis 
2 ; conjux 3 m. ; spdnsiis 2. 

Phr., cdnsors (3 m.) tdrl, or sdcius (2) 
tOri or thalami. 

Ep. faithful, loving, youthful, gal- 
lant, &c. 

HUSBAND, to — v. act., perhaps parco 
3 ; servo 1 ; cdnservo 1 (Prop.). Phr., 
mddice utSr (3). 

HUSBANDMAN — subst., dgridda 1 
m. ; rurtcdla 1 m. ; agrestis 3 m.; cdlo- 
nus 3 m. ; Srdtdr 3 m. ; cultdr 3 m. 

Ep. industrious, hardy, patient, &c. 



HUSBANDRY 



( 176 ) 



IDLE 



HTTSBANDBT — subst., cultus 4 ; 
culturd 1 (usually with &gri, terrae, 
&c.). 

Ep. diligent, recurring, annual, &c. 

HUSH — interj., tace, tacetS (pi.); 
tile, 8'detS (pi.)- 

Phr., compescS Tocem, lingua fave. 

HUSH, to— V. neut., taceo 2 ; siUo 2. 

V. act. 

(a) to quiet, compesco 3 ; placo 1 ; mul- 

c?6 2 ; mitigo 1 ; sedo 1 ; prSmo 3. 
(fc) to hush up, i.e. to conceal, q. v. 

HUSH — subst., silence, q. v. 

HUSK — subst., putdmSn 3 n. (Plau- 
tus) ; siliqua 1 (a pod). 

Ep. dry, useless, &c. 

HUSKY — adj. = hoarse, q. v. 

HUSTLE, to— V. act., prSmd 3; ur- 
ged % 

V. neut., sestuo 1 ; dens^dr 2. 

HUSTLING— adj. Phr., densum 

TiumSrin vulgus, the hustling crowd. 

HUT — subst., casa 1 ; tugurlum 2 
(gen. tugurt) ; tSberna 1 ; mdgdlia 3 pi. ; 
mapdlia 3 pi. 

Ep. low, straw-built, mean, dirty, 
poor, &c. 

HUTCH— subst., cSi-m 1. 

HUZZA— interj., I6!jtd! trlumpM! 

HUZZA — subst., plausus 4 ; ddmdr 
3 m. ; vox 3 f. 

Ep. loud, repeated, joyful, &c. 

HYACINTH— subst., hpacinthus 2. 

HYACINTHINE— adj., hpadnthtniis 
(Cat.) ; of colour, ccerulffus. 

HY^NA — subst., hpsena 1. 

HYBRID — adj., himembris. 

HYDBA — subst., hydra 1 ; Echidna I ; 
hydrue 2. 

Ep. fierce, deadly, dweller in marsh, 
&c. 

HYMEN — subst., Hpmen (only in 
nom and voc.) ; HpmSnseus 2. 

Ep. joyous, saifron-hued, &c. 

HYMN — subst., nenla 1 ; cdntiis 4 ; 
carman 3 n. 

Ep. sacred, solemn, tuneful, &c. 

HYMN, to — V. act., laMo 1 ; cflebro 
1 ; collaudo 1. 

Phr., cdntu, cdrmlne, &c. tollo (irr.), 
evShd (3), extollo (irr.), eff^ro (irr.), c^le- 
bro (1). 

HYPERBOREAN — adj., hdreus, hp- 
perbdrSus, Arctous. 



HYPOCRISY— subst., /rous 3 f. 
Ep. base, concealed, malignant, &c. 
HYPOCRITE — subst., dmtmuldtffr 
3 m. ; fiddr 3 m. ; simuldtdr 3 m. 
Ep. cunning, base, lying, &c. 



IAMBIC — subst., idrnbUs 2. 

Ep. swift, angry, stately, &c. 

IBIS— subst., ibis 3 f. 

Ep. sacred, Egyptian, foe to snakes, 



&c. 

ICB— subst., gUictes 5 ; g^lu 4. 

Ep. sparkling, solid, cold, wintry, 
&c. 

ICEBERG— subst. Phr., mons (3 m.) 
or moles (3 f.) glacldlls; moles (3 f.) 
glacie concreia, &c. 

Ep. floating, loftv, solid, &c. 

ICICLE— subst., 'stirla 1. 

Ep. congealed, hanging, pointed, 
&c. 

ICY — adj., glacldlls. See Cold. 

IDEA— subst. Phr., tmdgd (3 f.) or 
species (5) mentis. 

Ep. sudden, foolish, rash, bold, pru- 
dent, &c. 

IDEAL — adj., (used in the sense of 
perfect) perhaps exlmlus, divinus, sethS- 
rlUs, mirdndSs. 

IDEAL — subst., perhaps exemplar 
3 n. (H.) ; exemplum 2 ; imago 3 f. ; 
specimen 3 n. 

Phr., species (5) perfecta. 

Ep. high, unattainable, perfect, &c. 

IDIOT — subst., perhaps phr., menti 
cdptus, mentis mops. 

IDLE — adj. 
(a) lazy, segnls, des^s, igndvUs, lentUs, 

pigSr, tners, desldlosus, tdrdHs, cessans^ 



Phr., winter is an idle time for the 
husbandman, hlems igndva cdlono 
(Verg. Georg. i. 299. Cf. bruma in- 
trdctdbllls, Georg. i. 211). Sometimes 
use frigldus, friggo, opp. to fervgt 
OpUs. 
(6) useless, trritiis, vdnUs, XndnXs, cadu- 

cus, Inutllls. 

Phr., nil profecturUs. 

IDLE, to — V. neut., cesso 1 ; raco I ; 
otlOr 1 (H.); nugdr (H.); deslded 2 
(Mart.). 



IDLENESS 



( 177 ) 



ILL-TIMED 



IDLENESS — subst., segnUies 5 ; de- 
sld'ta 1 ; inertia. 1 ; igndvld 1 ; pigritia 
1 (Mart.) ; torpdr 3 m. ; veternus 2. 

Ep. slothful, self-indulgent, sleepy, 
&c. 

IDLER— subst., cessatdr 3 m. (H.). 
See Idle. 

Ep. slothful, unscrupulous, worth- 
ies;?, &c. 

IDLY— adv. 

(a) lazily, igndve, ignavlus (compara- 
tive), segnius (comparative). 

(b) carelessly, temerS. 

(c) to no purpose, frustra, nequicquam, 
Incdssum, indnltSr. 

Phr., lie threatens idly, vdnti mind- 
tur; he boasts idly, irrita jdctat, &c. 
IDOL— subst. 

(a) effigies 5 ; tmdgoSf. ; simiildcrum 2. 
Ep. sacred, vain, bronze, marble, 

ancient, &c. 

(b) object of aifection, delicise 1 pi. ; 
amdr 3 m. ; amores 3 m. pi. 

Phr., my idol, rn^a lux (3 f.), mSd 
sdla vSluptds (3 f.), mea vita (1), &c. 

IDOLATOE— subst., perhaps eultdr 
3 m. 

IDOLIZE, to — V. act., adSmo 1 ; dr- 
dgo2. 

IDTLL — subst. See Bucolics. 

IDYLLIC — adj., perhaps pdstordlis, 
pdstonm, hucdltcus, agrestis, rusticus. 

IF — conj., si. 

IGNEOUS— adj. = fiery, q. v. 

IGNITE, to— V. act. = to kindle, 
q. V. 

V. neut. = to take fire, urdesco 3 ; 

indrdesco 3 ; ignesco 3 ; See Kindle, to, 
in passive voice. 

IGNOBLE— adj. 

(a) tgnohllU, turpTs, inhdnestus, puden- 
dus, indScoriis, indScOr, pri^sus, sor- 
dldus, infdmis. 

(b) of humble birth. See Humble (h). 
IGNOBLY — adv., turplter, turpius 

(com]).), /cede. [q. v. 

IGNOMINIOUS— adj. = disgraceful, 

IGNOMINY— subst. = disgrace, q. v. 

IGNORANCE— subst., igndrdntta 1. 

Ep. stupid, slothful, childish, &c. 

IGNORANT— adj. 
i^a) not learned, indoctus, illltSrdtus, 

rudU, siultus. 
(h) ignorant of, nescius, inscius, Igndrus. 

(c) to be ignorant of, Ignoro 1 ; nescio 4. 



IGNORANTLY— adv. Translate by 

adjective. 

IGNORE, to— V. act. = to forget or 
to pardon, q. v. 

ILEX— subst., ilex 3 f. 

ILEX-GROVE — subst., ilicetum 2 
(Mart.). 

ILL-— adj. 

(a) unwell, Sg?r, Egrotus (H.), Idn- 
guidus, invalidus, infirmus. 

Phr., morbo dffectus. In Ov. Tr. III. 
iii. 14, dfectUs is used alone. 

(b) to be ill, segroto 1 ; jacSo 2 ; ctibd 1. 
Phr., morbo dfficidr (3), IdnguSo (2), 

Idboro (1); morbus me hdbet, cruciat, 
&c. 

(c) evil, (a) and (6), q. v. 
ILL— adv., m^U. 
Phr., non benS. 

ILL — subst. = evil, (a) and (5), q. v. 

ILL-DESERVED — adj., immeritus, 
indigims, injudus, indebltus. 

ILL-EARNED— adj. Phr., non or 
malS mSrltUs, debitus, dignus, &c. 

ILLEGAL^ — adj., vStitus, inconcessus, 
imper missus, n^gdtus. 

Phr., non cdncessus, non datUs, non 
leg'dtmus. 

ILL-FATED — adj., infelix, infaustus 
(not of persons), tristis, inomXndtus. 

Phr., mdlS omlndtus, non auspicdtus, 
mala dvi, l^vo ominS, dversis numlntbiis 
or dis, iniquo sidffrff, &c. 

ILL-GOTTEN— adj. Phr., malg pdr- 
tus, mMS qumsitus, &c. 

ILLICIT — adj. Phr., non llcXtSs, non 
legitimus. See Illegal. 

ILLITERATE— adj. See Ignorant 
(a). 

ILL-MATCHED — adj., impdr, inx- 
qudlis, dispdr. 

ILL-NATURED— adj., difficllts, ma- 
lignus, tetricus, morosus. 

ILLNESS — subst., morbus 2 ; IdnguSr 
3 m. ; ddlSr 3 m. ; febrls 3 f . (fever) ; 
mMCles 5 (wasting); tabes 3 f. (con- 
sumption); pestls 3 f. (plague); 
hydrops 3 m. (dropsy). 

Ep. sudden, lingering, increasing, 
fatal, trifling, &c. 

ILL-OMENED, ILL-STARRED— adj. 
See Ill-fated. 

ILL-TIMED — adj, intempestivus, 

Phr., malg feridti = keeping ill- 
timed holiday. 

N 



ELLTREAT 



( 178 ) 



IMP 



ILLTBEAT, to — v. act. = to oppress, 
(b), q. V. 

ILLUMINATE, ILLUMINE, to — 
V. act., illustru 1. 

Phr., lucem do (1), f^ro (in.) ; luminS, 
radtis, &c. per/undo (3), rkplio (2), 
spdrgo (3). 

ILLUSTBIOUS — adj., cldHls, illustrU, 
inclptus, dScdrus, prsecldr&s, insignU, 
taudabills, tnSmdrabilU, cSW)Sr, nobllis, 
conspieuus. 

IMAGE— subst. 

(a) statue or idol, Xmago 3 f . ; simula- 
crum 2 ; effigies 5. 

Ep. ancient, bronze, marble, &c. 

(b) resemblance. Imago 3 f. ; simUld- 
crum 2 ; fades 5 ; effigies 5 ; simuld- 
m^n 3 n. : forma 1 ; figura 1 ; spScies 
5 ; imitdmln 3 n. 

Ep. familiar, exact, &c. 
IMAOINABT — adj., fictus, fdlsHs, 
fdUdx, mentitus, IndnU. 
Phr., iwn rerus. 

IMAGINATION— subst. See Fancy. 
IMAGINE, to— V. act. See Fancy, 

TO. 

IMBECILE — adj., mfirmiis, debllis, 
imiieciUus (H.). 

IMBIBE, to— V. act., MboZ; ebtbo^; 
combiho 3; sorhSo 2; exsorMo 2; hau- 
rXo 4. 

IMBBUE, to — V. act., cruento 1 ; in- 
field 3 ; madgfaclo 3 ; fcedo 1 ; polluo 3. 

IMBUE, to — ^v. act., imbiio 3 ; infield 
3 ; tiTigo 3 ; madgfaclo 3 ; to be imbued, 
maded 2 (Hor. Od. iii. 21, 9). 

IMITABLE — adj., Imltdbills. 

IMITATE, to— V. act. 

(a) to follow an example, tmltSr 1 ; 
sSqudr 3 ; rSfSro, irr. 

(b) to represent, Imltdr 1 ; iffingo 3 ; 
slmulo 1 ; exprlmo 3 ; reddo 3 ; pono 3. 
IMITATION— subst., Imltdmin 3 n. ; 

simuldmHn 3 n. ; slmuldcrum 2 ; some- 
times imago 3 f., species 5. 
_ IMITATIVE, IMITATOE — adj., 
asmUlus, Imltdtdr 3 m. (subst.), Imltdtrix 
3 f. (subst.), slmuldns (with gen. case). 

IMMACULATE— adj. = pure, q. v. 

IMMATURE— adj. 
(a) unripe, q. v. 
(6) premature, acerbUs, immatHrus 

(Prop.), prxmdtiirus (Juv.), immltls. 

IMMEASURABLE — adj. = infinite, 
q. V. 



IMMEDIATELY — adv., protlnus, 
contlniio, extemplo. 

Phr., nulla mdrd; nulla mdra est; 
lid/ud mSra (est). 

IMMEMORIAL — adj., vStustiis, dn- 
tiquSs, vCtiis, Y>eThafB fdbulosus. 

IMMENSE— adj. 

(a) boundless, immensus. 
Phr., slnSfini, nullofinS. 

(b) vast, ingens, immdnls, vdsfUs, im- 
mensiis, mdgnus. 

IMMERSE, to — V. act., mergo 3 ; im- 
mergoS; sHJmiergd 3 ; obrUoS; demergo 
3; merso 1. 

IMMINENT — adj., itigtans, immlnens, 
impendens, supSrlmmlnens, supSrimpen- 
dens (Cat.) ; sometimes prdpldr. 

IMMODERATE — adj. = excessive, 
q. V. 

. IMMODEST — adj., impudiciis, im- 
pudens, auddx, invSrecHndUs, prdtirvUs, 
prdcdx, pStuldns. 

Phr., non pudicUs; pudorS carens; 

spreto or Iseso pudorS. 

IMMOLATE, to— V. act. 

(a) to sacrifice, immdlo 1 ; mdcto 1 ; 
csido 3 ; sdcrlflco 1. 

(b) to kill, q. V. 

IMMORAL — adj., vltlosus, prdvus, 
imprdbus, mdlHs. 

IMMORALITY — subst. = wicked- 
ness, q. V. 

IMMORTAL — adj., seternus, pffrennU, 
immortdlls, perpStuus, mdnsHrus, Inex- 
tinctus, indelebllls. 

Phr., morti carens, mortis expers or 
nesclus, &c. ; slnS mortS, slnS fin?, nUllo 
or dempto finS. To be immortal, 
pSrenno 1. 

IMMORTAL — subst. = god, q. v. 

IMMORTALITY— subst. Phr., vita 
(1) pSrennls, perpStua, &c. ; immortal? 
jus (3 n.). 

IMMORTALIZE, to— v. act., Eterno 1. 

Plir., W'fenunn reddo (3). 

IMMOVABLE — adj., immobllls, im- 
motus, stabllls, firmUs, hxrens, fixUs, 
illabPf actus, inconcdssus (Lucan). [q. v. 

IMMURE, to — V. act. = to imprison, 

IMMUTABLE— adj., constdns, idem, 
Qnus. See Immovable. 

Phr., non mutabllls. 

IMP — subst. 
(a) sprite, Lemures 3 m. pi. 

Ep. nightly, unreal, merry, &c. 



IMPACT 



( 179 ) 



IMPOSTOR 



(b) small but mischievous boy, perhaps 

pumllio 3 m. (Mart.), tidnus 2 (Prop.). 

Phr. puSr (2) imprSb&s. 

Ep. idle, spiteful, jesting, ridiculous, 
&c. 

IMPACT— subst. 

(a) of sound, pulsus 4. 

(b) generally, impetus 4, incursis 4. 
IMPALPABLE— adj. tenuis. 
IMPABT, to — V. act., communicd 1 ; 

tmpertio 4 (H.). Usually = to give or 
to grant, q. v. 

IMFABTIAL — adj., sequiis, jugtus. 

IMPASSABLE — adj., inviiis, imper- 
viiis, indccessus, innSbills (of water) ; 
sometimes Inhospltus, difficilis. 

Phr., non pervliis, non pSn^trabtlls, 
nori adSundiis. 

IMPATIENCE— subst. Phr., impa- 
tlens animus (2) ; mens (3 f.) Impdtiens 

IMPATIENT— adj. 

(a) unable to endure, impatiens. 
Phr., non or maU patlens. 

(b) hasty, q.v. 

IMPEACH, to — v. act. = to accuse, 
q.v. 

IMPEDE, to — V. act. = to hinder, 
impSdio 4 ; priepSdio 4 ; obsto 1 ; rS- 
sisto 3 ; indrdr 1 ; tdrdo 1 ; demSrSr 
1 ; cderceo 2 ; pr(>}ub6o 2. 

IMPEDIMENT— subst. = hindrance 
tn^a 1 ; rSmdrmnSn 3 n. 

Ep. diificult, impassable, insuperable, 
&c. 

IMPEL, to — V. act., ago 3 ; agXto 1 ; 
cogo 3 ; pello 3 ; impello 3 ; iirgSd 2 ; 
compello 3 ; adurg?o 2 ; subigd 3 ; adigo 
3 ; exstimulo 1 ; stimulo 1. 

IMPEND, to — V. neut., imminffo 2; 
impendSo 2 ; supSrimmiTiEo 2 ; urgSo 2 ; 
ingruo 3 ; ddsum, irr. 

Phr. mlndr 1 ; mlnlt&r 1, with objec- 
tive case. 

IMPENDING— adj.— imminent, q. v. 

IMPENETRABLE — adj. Phr., non 
pSnStrdbllU. Often = impassable, q. v., 
or hard (a), q. v. 

IMPENITENT— adj., impius, scSU- 
rdtus, scelestus. 

IMPERCEPTIBLE— adj. = invisible, 
q.v. 

IMPERFECT — adj., Imperfectus, in- 
fectus, claudus, incorrectus (of a book). 

IMPERIAL— adj. See Royal. 



IMPERIL, to — V. act. See En- 
danger, TO. 

IMPERIOUS — adj., tmpSrtosus, sUper- 
bus, insdlens. 

IMPERISHABLE— adj. = immortal, 
q.v. 

IMPERTINENT— adj., prdcdx, pr8- 
tervfi>'. pPtuJdns, auddx. 

IMPETUOUS— adj. 

(a) headstrong, q. v. 

(b) eager, q. v. 

IMPIETY — subst., implgtd» 3 f . ; 
senilis 3 n. 

Phr., mens (3 f.), impiS; fdcta (2) 
Impia, &c. 

Ep. accursed, profane, wicked, &c. 

IMPINGE, to— V. neut. (with upon) 
implngdr 3 ; illiddr 3. 

IMPIOUS — adj., impiiis, v^fdndus, 
sc^lerdtus, scSlestus, a/uddx, incestus, sdc- 
rlUgm. 

IMPLACABLE — adj., impldcSblUs, 
inexordbtlis, duriis, immitts, impldcdtus. 

IMPLANT, to—lnsgro 3 ; InfOdio 3. 

IMPLEMENT — subst., instruments 
2 pi. 

Phr., instruments of war, often = 
arms, swords, spears, &c. ; instruments 
of husbandry = CSreSlta drma (2 pi.), 
or ploughs, harrows, &c. 

IMPLORE, to— V. act., oro 1; Im- 
ploro 1 ; prSc5r 1 ; posco 3. See Pbat, 

TO. 

IMPORT, to — V. act., Infero, irr., 
ingSro 3 ; devffho 3 ; import 1. See 
also Introduce, to. 

IMPORTANCE— subst., pmdus 3 n. 

IMPORTANT —adj., gravis, mdgn&s. 
To be important, pondus haberS. 

IMPORTUNATE— adj., dssXduus, md- 
lestus. 

IMPORTUNE, to— V. act., sollMto 1 ; 
vexo 1 ; fatigo 1 ; gravo 1. 

IMPOSE, to— V. act. 
(a) impono 3; dddo 3; superpono 3; 

supSrlmpono 3 ; supgrdddo 3 ; supSr- 

injlcto 3. 
(6) with on = to cheat, q. v. 

IMPOSSIBLE — adj., vmtus, incon- 
cessus, nSgdtus. 

Phr., rwn concessus ; it is impossible, 
non est, non datur, n?fds est ; rwn Spis 
est nostrx. 

IMPOSTOR-^subst. = cheat (6) q. v- 
N 2 



IMPOTENCE 



( 180 ) 



INCENSE 



IMPOTENCE— Bubst. 

(a) weaknesB, Idngudr 3 m. ; debilltas 
3 f. (Juv.). 

Ep. sickly, feeble, senile, &c. 

(b) want of self-control, violence, im- 
pdtentid 1 ; vldlentla 1 ; ira 1 ; furSr 
3 m. 

Ep. immoderate, frenzied, &c. 

IMPOTENT— adj. 
(a) weak, debllis, impdtens, infirmUs. 
(6) violent, ridlentus, impdtene, insdniis, 

demens, furens. [q. v. 

IMPEECATE, to — v. act. = to curse, 

IMPRECATION— sub8t. = curse, q. v. 

IMPREGNABLE- adj., tnexpugnd- 
bills, invictus, InsupSrSbills. 

IMPBINT, to — V. act. = to print, q. v. 

IMPRISON, to— V. act., daudo 3; 
includo 3 ; custodio 4. Usually phrase, 
vtTidis or cdrcSrS cShihSo (2), cdercSo (2), 
eingo (3), prSmo (3), condo (3) ; catenis 
dol. 

IMPROBABLE — adj. Use impera- 
tiis, improvisSs, r^pentinus, inSpinus, n6- 
VUB, mirus, mlrabtlis. 

IMPROPER — adj., ind^corus,iruMcdr. 

IMPROVE, to — ^v. act., auggo 2 ; pro- 
mSvio 2 ; firmo 1 ; cdnfirmd 1 ; some- 
times emendo 1. 

Phr., in m^liiis or in mdjUs promdvffo 
(2), provgho (3). See also. Correct, to. 

V. neut., proftcto 3. Use pas- 
sives of preceding verbs. 

Phr., mSl'idr fio (irr.). 

IMPROVISE, to — V. act., perhaps 
•prdpSro, 1 ; deprOpSro 1 (Hor. Od. ii. 
7, 24). 

IMPRTTDENCE— subst. Phr., mens 
(3 f .) virtus (3 f .), &c. ; t^mSrdrla, im- 
prudens. 

IMPRUDENT — adj^, imprudem, tS- 
mSrarius, prieceps, tncautus, improvldus, 
iiicdnsultus (H.). 

Phr., non clrcumspectus (of things.) 

IMPUDENCE— subst., pStulantia 1 ; 
prOtervitas 3 f. ; auddcia 1. 

Ep. saucy, boyish, bold, &c. 

IMPUDENT — adj., impudicuSy impu- 
dens, OAtddx, invSrecundus, prStervus, 
prdcdx, pStuldns. 

Phr., non pudicus; puddrS carens ; 
leeso pudorS. 

IMPULSE — subst., impetus 4; tm- 
pulsus 4 ; fi« 3 f . ; dctus 4. 

Ep. sudden, violent, insane, &c. 



IMPUNITY— subst. Phr., with im- 
pimity, impunS (adv.). 

IMPURE — adj., impurUs, sordldus, 
immundus, turpis, fcedus, impudtcus, 
Incestus, contdmlndtus. 

Phr., parum cdstus. 

IMPURITY— subst., sordes 3 f. pi. ; 
spurcltla 1 (Lucret.) ; perhaps dedScus 
3n. 

Ep. base, foul, &c. 

IMPUTE, to— V. act., trlbuo 3; dt- 
trlbuo 3 ; dssigiw 1 ; imputo 1 ; rSfSro, 
irr. ; reddo 3. 

IN — prep., In. 

INABILITY— subst. Translate by 
non poss?, non valerS: e.g. he laments 
his inability to conquer, vincSrS se non 
possS ddlH. 

INACCESSIBLE — adj., non exsupSrd- 
btlls. See Impassable. 

INACTION— subst. See Idleness. 

INACTIVE— adj. See Idle (a). 

INANE — adj. = empty, q. v. 

INARTICULATE — adj. = meaning- 
less, q. v. 

INATTENTION — subst., incurla 1 
(H.). 

INATTENTIVE— adj. = careless, 
securiis. 

INAUDIBLE — adj. Use tiniiis, exi- 
guus. Phr. non audlendus. 

INAUGURATE, to— v. act., sherd 1 ; 
eonsecrd 1 ; inchdo 1. 

INAUSPICIOUS — adj., infaustus, 
l^viis, obscenus, sinister, infelix, tristts. 

Phr. mal? omlndtOg, non aiisplcdtus, 
maid avi, Ixvo omiii^, tniqttS sid€rS, dis 
ddversh, &c. 

INBORN, INBRED — adj., imitus, 
inndtSs. 

INCANTATION— subst. = charm (a), 
q. V. 

INCARCERATE, to — v. act. = to 
imprison, q. v. 

INCARNADINE— V. act., rUbfffSad 3. 
See Dye, to. 

INCAUTIOUS— adj^ imprudens, U- 
•mSrarlus, prseceps, incatUiis, improvldiis, 
inconsultus (H.). 

Phr., Tton drcumspectus (of things). 

INCENSE— subst., tits 3 n.; suffimSn 
3. 

Phr., turSa dona (2 pi.), turis SdGr 
(3 m.), &c. ; altar of incense, dra (1) 
turicrSma. 



INCENSE 



( 181 ) 



INCREASE 



Ep. Eastern, Sabfean, (Sabxiis)} 
frequent, hot, sacred, &c. 

INCENSE, to— V. act. = to fumigate 
with incense, siifflo 4. 

INCENSE, to — V. act. = to enrage, 
irrlto 1 ; Idcesso 3 ; Incendo 3. 

Phr., to move, awaken, sharpen, in- 
crease, &c., anger, rage, &c. 

INCENSE-BEARING — adj., turlfer. 

INCESSANT — adj., perpetuus, con- 
tinuum, ('issuluus, pSrennis, seternus. 

INCESSANTLY— adv., sempSr, usquS. 

Phr., nunquam non ; in hords ; in 
dies. 

INCESTUOUS — adj., Incestus. See 
Impdre. 

INCH — subst. In such phrases as 
" he does not yield an inch," translate 
by nihil or non, e.g. non cedit, nihil 
cedit ; or allquid : e.g. give an inch he 
takes an ell, si das allquid plus drriplt, 
&c. 

INCIDENT — subst., res 5 ; casus 4 ; 
eventus 4 ; vices 3 f. pi. 

INCISE, to — V. act., incldo 3; in- 
scribo 3 ; cxlo 1 ; scdlpo 3. 

INCITE, to — V. act., inclto 1 ; excito 
1 ; suscito 1 ; clSo 2 ; concito 1 ; ev6co 1 ; 
vSco 1 ; stlmulo 1 ; exstlmulo 1 ; impello 
3 ; acud 3 ; docendo 3 ; urgSo 2 ; instlgo 
1 ; hortdr 1 ; commdvSd 2. 

INCLEMENCY — subst., Inclementia 
1 ; dspSrltds 3 f. ; incommdda 2 pi. 

Ep. harsh, wintry, undeserved, &c. 

INCLEMENT— adj. 
(a) cruel, q. v. 
(fe) of the weather. See Foul (d). 

INCLINATION— subst., impms 4; 
vdluntds 3 f. ; animus 2 ; mens 3 f. ; 
stadium 2. 

Ep. eager, prone, unrestrained, &c. 

INCLINE, to— V. neut. 
(a) to bend, v. neut., q. v. 
(6) to be disposed or inclined, avffo 2 ; 

drdio 2 ; gestio 4 (H., Lucret.) ; cUpio 

3 ; opto 1 ; pSto 3. 

Phr., pronus or propensus essS. 

V. act. = to bend, v. act., q. v. 

INCLUDE, to— V. act. _ 

(a) to shut in, includo 3 ; clavdd 3 ; 
seplo 4 ; circumdo 3. 

(b) to contain, tSnSo 2 ; contlnSo 2 ; dm- 
plectdr 3. 

(c) to reckon among, ddnumffro 1 ; dddo 
3 ; ddscribo 3. 



INCOME — subst., census 4 ; rSditiis 4 ; 
fructus 4. See Riches. 

Ep. scanty, sufficient, abundant, &c. 

INCOMMODE, to— V. act. = to hinder, 
q. V. 

INCOMPARABLE — adj., prsestdns, 
eximius, egrSgius, insignls, optlmus, 
uniciis. 

Phr., non Imitabills. 

INCOMPLETE — adj., = imperfect, 
q. V. 

INCONSOLABLE — a,dj.,incdnsdldbilis, 
immSdicdbllis, non soldndus, non mul- 
cendus, &c. 

INCONSOLABLY— adv., InsoldbiUtSr 
(H.). 

INCONSTANCY— subst., incwistdntla 
1 ; mobilitds 3 f. ; ISvitds 3 f. 

Phr., mens (3 f.) iSvls ; versa sentin- 
tla (1), &c. 

Ep. iickle, faithless, &c. 

INCONSTANT— adj., mobilis, iSvis, 
mutabills, Instdbilis. 

Phr. an inconstant lover = desultdr 
(3 m.) amdri!>. [q. v. 

INCONTINENT — adj. = unchaste, 

INCONVENIENT— adj., incommMus 
(H). 

Phr., mal^ commSdiis. 

INCORPORATE, to — v. act. See 
MixGLE, TO, or Join, to. 

INCORPOREAL — adj. Phr., stnS 
corpSrS. 

INCORRECT— adj., mendosUs, vUlo- 
sus, incorrectus. 

INCORRIGIBLE— adj., perdltus, Im- 
prdbus. 

INCORRUPT— adj., incorruptHs, tn- 
tSgSr. See Pure. 

INCORRUPTIBLE— adj. 
(a) incorruptus. 

Phr., non corrumpendus. See Eteb- 

NAL. 

(6) not to be bribed, intSgSr, fidus, In- 
corruptus. 

Phr., miro or prStio non vendlls. 
INCREASE, to — V. neut., cresco 3; 

adSlesco 3 ; incresco 3. 

V. act., aug?o 2 ; dceumalo 1 ; 

sometimes multiplied 1. 

Phr., In mdjus provSho (3), extendo 

(3), &c. ; mdjus reddo (3), faclo (3), 

&c. 

INCREASE— subst. 

(a) auctus 4. 



INCREDIBLE 



( 182 ) 



INDUSTRY 



Ep. abundant, prosperous, well- 
earned, &c. 
(b) crops, q. v. Giver of increase, 

auctdr frugum. 

INCBEDIBIE — adj., Incredtbilts. 
See WoNDROTJS. 

Phr., malS credlbilis ; fide mdjdr; 
fklem non hablturus, &c. 

INCBEDULOUS — adj., incredaius 
(H.). 

Phr., non credulUs. 

INCKUST, to— V. act., obducd 3 ; in- 
crusto 1 (H.). 

INCUR, to— V. act. 
(a) to become liable to. 

Phr., ohnoxius or rSusfio (irr.) ; per- 
haps tnSrSdr 2, mSrSo 2. See Deserve, 

TO. 

(6) to undergo, suhSo, irr. ; patidr 3. See 

Suffer, to. 

INCTIEABLE — adj., immedtcdhilis, 
insanSbllis (H.), letdlis. See Deadly. 

Phr., non sdndndus, non sdndbills, 
&c. 

INCURSION— subst., Incursus 4. 

Ep. hostile, sudden, bold, &c. 

INDEBTED— adj. dbnoxiUs. 

Phr., I am indebted = I owe, q. v. 

INDECENT — adj., impudlcua, Impu- 
dens, auddx, invSrecundus, prdtervus, 
prdcdx, pStuldns. 

Phr., noM pudicus, pudorS carens, 
Iseso pudorS, &c. 

INDEED — adv., quidem, certe. 

INDEFATIGABLE — adj. = un- 
wearied, q. v. 

INDELIBLE— adj., indelebllia. See 
Eternal. 

INDEPENDENCE — subst. = free- 
dom, q. V. 

INDEPENDENT— adj. = free, q. v. 

INDESCRIBABLE — adj., Inendrrd- 
bilis (Mart.). 

Phr., non endrrabills ; sometimes 
infdndus, nrfdndfis, tacendug. 

INDESTRUCTIBLE — adj., indele- 
h'llls. See Eternal. 

INDICATE, to — V. act., Indico 1 ; 
dittendo 3 ; monstro 1 ; patSfaclo 3 ; 
slgnJfico 1 ; manifesto 1. 

INDICT, to — V. act. = to accuse, 
q. V. 

INDIGENT— adj. = poor, q. v. 

INDIGNANT — adj., indigndtiis, in- 
digndns, irdtus, impatlens. 



INDIGNATION— subst. = anger, q. v. 

INDIGNITY— subst., ded^cus 3 n. ; 
opprobrium 2 ; probrum 2 ; Infdmla 1 ; 
Idbes 3 f. ; ignomhua 1. 

Ep. base, deserved, undeserved, &c. 

INDIRECT — adj., ^liquUs, trdnsver- 
8M8, devins. 

INDISCREET — adj. = imprudent, 
q. V. 

INDISTINCT— adj. = obscurm, sub- 
lustris, csecuH, incertus. See Dm. 

INDISTINGUISHABLE — adj., in- 
discretiis. 

INDOCILE — adj., indScills, inddctHs. 

Phr., non ddcllls. 

INDOLENCE— subst., Idngudr 3 m. ; 
inertia 1 ; igndvla 1 ; desidla 1 ; pigri- 
tld 1 (Mart.) ; segnities 5 ; torpOr 3 m. ; 
vSternus 2. 

Ep. slow, habitual, sickly, &c. 

INDOLENT— adj. = idle (a), q. v. 

INDOMITABLE — adj., inddmltm, 
invlctus, insupSrdbllU. 

Phr., non ddmdndiis, non ddmdbllts, 
non supffrdndus, &c. 

INDOORS— adv., ddmi. 

INDUCE, to— V. act. 
(a) to persuade, suddSo 2 ; persuddSo 2 ; 

mSvSo 2 ; impello 3. 
(6) to produce, dttrdho 3; glgno 3; 

pdrio 3 ; ddduco 3 ; dffSro, irr. ; 

inf?ro, irr. 

INDUCEMENT— subst., illgc^rie 1 
pi. 

INDULGE, to— V. act., indulged 2; 
Jav(d 2. 

Phr., do frenu, &c. You indulge a 
hatred which costs you dear, exerces 
pretiosa Odla (Ov. Her. vii. 47). 

V. neut. (to indulge in) in- 

dulgSo 2 ; Incumbo 3 ; frudr 3 ; per- 
frudr 3. 

INDULGENCE — subst., Indulgentla 
1 ; obsSqulum 2 ; dementia 1 ; bifnltas 
3 f. ; sometimes commSdltds 3 f. 

Ep. kind, easy, foolish, &c. 

INDULGENT — i\.Ay,facills,indulgens, 
bSnlgnus, Jems, clemens, bOnus, comls. 

INDUSTRIOUS— adj., dcSr, promptus, 
strenuus, Idboriosus, dpSrosm, sollers, 
gndvils, implgSr, sedulus, cSlSr, indus- 
trlus (Juv.). 

Phr., not idle, not slothful, &c. 

INDUSTRY— subst., indrntrla 1 ; «e- 



IXDAVELLER 



( 183 ) 



INFIRMITY 



dulltds 3 f . ; labdr 3 m. ; studium 2 ; 
cura 1 ; strenuttds 3 f. 

Ep. active, unyielding, hard, &c. 

INDWELLER— subst. = inhabitant, 
q. V. 

INEBRIATE — adj., ebrlus, madldus. 

INEFFABLE— adj. 
(a) in good sense. 

Plar., non enurruhtlis. [&c. 

(Jo) in bad sense, infumlils, nSfdndus, 

INEFFECTUAL — adj., debllis, in- 
flrmus, vanus, irrltm, indnls, inutilis. 

Plir., non profecturus. 

INELEGANT— adj., indecorug. 

INEPT— adj. = foolish, q. v. 

INEBT — adj., Iners, plgSr, brutus, 
segnts. See Idle (a). 

INESTIMABLE— adj. See Incom- 
parable. 

Phr., prStidslSr auro; non auro ve- 
nalis. 

INEVITABLE— adj., rnevltabills, in- 
eluctdhlliB, insiipgrabills, indevitdtHs, 
certus. 

Phr., non evitabllis, non fugiendiis, 
non vitdndiis, &c. 

INEXCUSABLE — adj., InexcusabtUs, 

INEXHAUSTIBLE— adj., inexhaus- 
tiis. 

INEXOKABLE — adj., inexorabllU, 
durus, rTgidus, immitis, impldcabills, 
immiserdhilis. 

Phr., non exordbills, non exordndus. 

INEXPIABLE — adj. Phr., 7wn ex- 
pidndus, non pidbilis. 

INEXPLICABLE— adj. Use dnceps, 
dubiiis, obscurus, dmbiguus. 

Phr., non explicdndus. 

INEXPRESSIBLE— adj. 

(a) in gootl sense, phr., no7i endrrdbllls. 

(b) in bad sense, infdndus, nSfdndus, &c. 
INEXTINGUISHABLE — adj. See 

QrEXCHLESS. 

INEXTRICABLE — adj., inextrlcd- 
hihs, irremedbills. 

INFALLIBLE — adj., certus, verdx, 
veridicm. 

Phr., fdlll nescTus. 

INFAMOUS — adj., fdmosus, infdmXs, 
turjHs, lnhd7iestus, prSbrosus, pudendus, 
eordfdSn. 

INFAMY — subst., dedScus 3 n. ; pro- 
brum 2 ; infdmld 1 ; opprobrium 2 ; 
ignomtnla 1 ; ndta 1. 

£p. base, merited, lasting, &c. 



INFANCY— subst., tnfdntla 1 (Juv.). 

Phr., prlmi dnnl 2. 

Ep. tender, feeble, &c. 

INFANT— subst., infdns 3 m. and f. ; 
often puSr 2. 

Ep. feeble, tender, loved, charming, 
&c. 

INFANT — adj., infdns, tSnSr, pdr- 
vulus. 

INFANTRY— subst., pedSs 3 m. ; 
pedltes 3 m. pi. 

Ep. armed, arrayed, bold, &c. 

INFATUATE — adj., demens, dmens, 
insdnus, stultus. 

INFECT, to— V. act., inftcio 3; pol- 
liio 3 ; vltlo 1 ; corrumpo 3. 

INFECTION— subst., trdnmio 3 f. ; 
contdgfmn 2 (usually in pi.). 

INFER, to— V. act., colllgo 3. 

INFERIOR — adj., in/erldr, mindr, 
detSrlSr, vil't&r, pejSr. 

INFERNAL — adj., infernus, Tdr- 
tarSus, Stygius, Averndlls, Cocytius, 
Lethseus. 

Phr., the infernal regions, Tdrtard 

2 pi., Orcvs 2, £r^us 2, Avernus 2, 
Averna 2 pi. Often parts may be put 
for the whole : e.g. Cocytus 2, Styx 3 f., 
AchSron 3 m., Lethe 3 f., PhlSgSthon 

3 m. (rivers of hell). Use also sedes 
3 f. pi., ddmus 2 and 4 f., umbrx 1 pi., 
tSnebrx 1 pi., fauces 3 f. pi., with 
epithets given above. Use also " king- 
doms of Pluto," or "Proserpine"; 
"places inaccessible to the living"; 
" realms of death," &c. See Hell. 

INVEST, to— V. act., infesto 1; sol- 
llcito 1 ; turbo 1 ; vexo 1 ; sometimes 
obsid^o 2 ; compUo 2, cSlebro 1. 

INFIDEL— subst. See Heathen. 

INFIDELITY — subst., Uvitds 3 f . ; 
perfldla 1 ; perjurld 2 pi. 

Phr. mens (3 f.) in/Ida, inftdelis; 
Isesa or vldldta fides (5). 

INFINITE — adj., Immensus. 

Plir., sinSfing, nullofinS. 

INFIRM — adj., debills, Infirmut, in- 
valldus, defictens, debilitdtus, xgSr, ef- 
fetus. 

Phr., maU firmus, &c. 

INFIRMITY — subst., IdnguSr 3 m ; 
debllitds 3 f. (Juv.). 

Ep. sickly, senile, &c. 



INFLAME 



( 184 ) 



INIQUITY 



INFLAME, to — V. act., infldmmd 1 ; 
incendo 3 ; dccendo 3 : succendo 3. 

Plir., ignbrit, fids, &c., subjIcXo (3), 
ddmdvSd (2). See Incense, to. 

INFLAMMABLE — adj., (metapho- 
rical) perhaps mollis, calens, infidm- 
mdtus, fldmmdtus. 

INFLATE, to— V. act., tnflo 1. 

INFLATED — adj., injldtus, tumens, 
turgens, tumidm, turgldus, guperbm. 

INFLEXIBLE — adj., immobtlis, In- 
exordbilis, immtsSrSbllis. 

V\ir.,flectl nesclus. 

INFLICT, to— V. act. Phr., to in- 
flict punishment, piends sum^rff; to in- 
flict death = to kill, q. v. ; to inflict a 
wound = to wound, &c. 

INFLUENCE— subst., grdtla 1 ; p8- 
testds 3 f. ; vis 3 f. Divine influence, 
num^n 3 n. ; dffldtus 4. 

Ep. powerful, persuasive, IrresiBtible, 

INFLTTENCE, to— v. act., mufe^o 2 ; 
commdvSd 2 ; impello 3 ; adlgo 3. 

INFOEM, to— V. act. 
(a) to animate, animo 1. 
(6) to acquaint, ddc^o 2 ; mSnSd 2 ; dd- 

mdn^o 2. 

INFOEMER — subst.. Index 3 m. ; 
nuntlus 2 ; auctdr 3 m. 

Ep. watchful, perfidious, swift, base, 
&c. 

INFEEQUENT — adj., uncommon, 
q. V. 

INFEINGE, to — V. act., to break 
(laws, &c.), vidlo 1 ; rumpo 3. 

INFTIEIATE, to— v. act. See En- 
rage, TO. 

INFTIEIATE — adj., furlosUs, furens, 
furlbundus, lymphdtus, demens, dmens, 
tnsdniis, rabidus. 

INFUSE, to — v. act. = to pour in, 
ill/undo 3. See Pour, to. 

INGATHEEING— subst., messis 3 f . 
See H.\RVEST. 

INGENIOUS — adj., ing^nWsus, sai- 
lers, sagdx, svhtllis, cdllidus, vafSr. 

INGENUOUS— adj., 
(a) free-bom, lib^r, ingSniius. 
(6) candid, ingSnuus, hdnestus, simplex, 

sincerUs (H., Mart.), cdndldus. 

INGLOEIOUS— adj. 
(a) without glory, inglorius, inhifnestus, 

ignobtlls, tgnotus. 
(Jb) infamous, q. v. 



INGLOEIOUSLY— adv., turpmr. 

Phr., slii^ laud?, slnS glorld, non hSnS. 

INGOT — subst., vndssd 1. 

Ep. golden, silver, &c. ; heavy, 
bright, &c. 

INGEAINED— adj., cmcretUs, dlH- 
tHrnUs, rHUs, &c. 

INGEATE— adj., ingrdtus. 

INGEATITUDE— subst. Phr., mem 
(3 f.) ingruta, mens immSinHr. [q. v. 

INGEESS — subst. = entrance (a), 

INHABIT, to— V. act., cSlo 3 ; hublto 
1 ; incOlo 3 ; t^n^o 2 ; frfquento 1 ; cSle- 
bro 1. 

INHABITABLE— adj., Mbltabtlls. 

INHABITANT— subst., incSla 1 m. 
and f. ; hubitatdr 3 m. (Mart.). 

Ep. new, old, well-known, &c. 

INHALE, to — V. act., haurlo 4 ; 
blbo 3 ; duco 3. 

INHAEMONIOUS— adj., discors, db- 
sSnus (H.), dissOnus (Lucan). 

INHEEENT — adj., insitUs, inndtus, 
prdpriiii'. 

INHEEIT-v. act., excipio 3. 

Phr., lieres sum, fid, &c. 

INHEEITANCE— subst. See Estate. 
Sometimes mav be translated by dos 
3 f. ; dotes 3 f. pi. 

Ep. ancestral, proud, rich, &c. 

INHEEITOE — subst. = heir, hires 
3 m. 

INHOSPITABLE— adj. 
(a) of things, inhospitus, XnJiospltdlis. 

See Impassable. 
(6) of persons, inliumdnus, bdrbarHs. 

Phr., hof>pitibiis fSriis. See Crl'EL. 

INHOSPITALITY— subst. No equi- 
valent ; must be translated by phrases 
with hospUtum : e.g. hospHium drgUit, 
culpat, quSrUur, &c. = he complains of 
his hospitality, i.e. his inhospitality ; 
hospltium n?gdtum, jura hdspitii Imsa, 
&c. = inhosj)itality. 

INHUMAN — adj., inhumdnus, bdr- 
baru s. S ee Cruel. 

INHUMANITY— subst. See Cbtiel- 

TT. 

INIMITABLE— adj. Phr., non tmt- 
tdbllts. See Incomparable. 

INIQUITOUS — adj., tniquus, injug- 
tus. See Wicked. 

INIQUITY— subst., sc^tis 3 n. ; nSfds 
(indec.) ; impiStds 3 f. ; imprdbitds 3 f. 
See Cbime. 



INITIATE 



( 185 ) 



INSECT 



Ep. impions, unspeakable, accursed, 
&c. 

INITIATE, to— V. act. Phr. arcana, 
sacra, &c. ; docSo (2), rScludo (3). 

INJUNCTION — subst. = command, 
q. V. 

INJTTEE, to— V. act., ndcSo 2 ; IMo 
3; obsum, irr. ; officio 3; vldlo 1. 

INJUEIOUS— adj. = hurtful, q. v. 

INJTJEY— subst. 

(a) wound, vulnus 3 n. ; ictus 4 ; plaga 
1. 

Ep. fatal, trivial, incurable, &c. 

(b) wrong, damnum 2 ; injuria 1 ; noxa 
1 ; malum 2. 

Ep. unjust, undeserved, unforseen, 
&c. 

INJUSTICE— subst., injUria 1. 

Phr., with injustice = unjustly. 

INK — subst., dtrdmentum 2 (H.); 
sepia 1 (Persius). 

INKY — adj. = black, q. v. ; perhaps 
lutalentiis. 

INLAID — adj. Use varlUs, varlatus 
(Cat.) ; perhaps dxdaUus. 

INLAND — adj. Use m^diUs. 

Phr., muri, pglago, littdr?, &c. ; r^- 
motus, distdns, &c. 

INLET — subst., (of the sea) siniis 4. 
See also Entrance. 

Ep. narrow, foaming, winding, &c. 

INLY — adv., intus, pSnitus. 

INMATE— subst., incOla 1 m. and f. 

INMOST— adj., Intlmus. 

Phr., innermost part of a house, 
penetralia (3 pi.). 

INN — subst., caupona 1 (H.); hos- 
pitium 2. 

Ep. crowded, noisy, welcome, &c. 

INNATE — adj., inndtus, prdprius, 
ndturdlis. 

INNER— adi., intSridr. 

INNERMOST— adj. See Inmost. 

INNKEEPER- subst., caupo 3 m. 
(H., Mart.). 

Ep. busy, treacherous, persuasive, 
&c. 

INNOCENCE — subst. Use pietds 
3 f . ; prdbitds 3 f . ; cdstitds 3 f . 

Phr., mens (3 f.) recta; mens (3 f.) 
fraudis, scSlSris, &c. ; expers, immunis, 
&c. 

Ep. stainless, white, clad in white 
robe, &c. 

INNOCENT — adj., inndcens, inndcuus. 



insans, innoxiUs, integer, pri^s, piuSy 
purus, cdstuK, cdndtdus, irrSprehensus. 

Phr., culpx, fraudis, &c., expers, in- 
sciiis, immfiiit^, &c. ; sine criming, sin^ 
lobe, sinS fraitde, Idbe carens. 

INNOCUOUS, INNOXIOUS — adj . = 
harmless, innScuus, innoxius, inndcens. 

INNUMERABLE — adj ., innumeruSy 
innum.Srabllis. 

Phr., non numerdbilis, numSro carens, 
vix nUmerdndHs. Often expressed by 
comparisons, e. g. to waves, sands, 
leaves, bees, corn-ears, birds, &c. 

INODOROUS — adj., inddorus (Per- 
sius). 

Phr., ddor? carens, sine 6dore. 

INOFFENSIVE — adj. = harmless, 
q. V. 

INOPPORTUNE— adj., infmistus, Iie- 
vus, intempedlvHs. 

Phr., non dpportuniis, non dexter. J^ 

INQUIRE, to — V. act., quEro 3 ; ex- 
quiro 3 ; rogo 1 ; interrdgo 1 ; percontor 
1 ; rdgito 1. 

INQUISITIVE— adj. = curious, q. v. 

INROAD — subst., incursus 4 ; impe- 
tus 4. 

Ep. sudden, hostile, &c. 

INSANE — adj., insdnHs, demens, 
dmens, vesdnus, furens, malesdnus, lym- 
phdt&s. 

Phr., mentis inops; rationS carens; 
csecd 'mente, &c. 

INSANITY — subst., insdnia 1 ; de- 
nwntia 1 ; amentia 1 ; fUrdr 3 m. 

INSATIABLE, INSATIATE — adj., 
insdtidbilis, inexsdtidbilis, inexpletHs, in- 
extinctus. 

Phr., non satidndus, non satUrdndus. 

INSCRIBE, to — V. act., inscribo 3. 
Often = to engrave, q. v. 

INSCRIPTION— subst., cdrm^nS n. ; 
titulus 2 ; querela 1 ; versus 4 ; ndtas 1 pi. 

Ep. brief, lasting, engraved on 
marble, brass, &c. 

INSCRUTABLE— adj., cxcus. 

INSECT— subst., besttdla 1 (no poet- 
ical authority) ; sometimes mOsca 1 
(Mart.), vSlucris (3 f.) is used of bees 
by Ovid, and might translate a winged 
insect. 

Ep. A. tiny, winged, short-lived, 
careless, happy. B. noxious, spiteful, 
poisonous, vexatious (tmprdbus), &c. 



INSECURE 



( 186 ) 



INSUPPORTABLE 



INSECTJBE — adj., pffrlculosus, dubius. 

Phr., non tutus, mdli tutiis. 

INSECURITY— subst.= danger, q. v. 

INSENSIBLE— adj. 
{a) Perhaps semianlmls, exanimts. 

Phr., to become insensible, deficio 3 ; 
llnqudr 3. 

(b) insensible to pain, danger, &c. Use 
nescius, huclus, securus with genitive. 

(c) imjierceptible, tSnuls, parvus. 
INSEPAE ABLE — adj., perhaps gS- 

mellus, undri'mus. 

Phr., qum Irrupta tSnSt copula = m- 
eeparable friends. 

INSERT, to — V. act., ins^ro 3; m- 
eerto 1 ; ddscrlbo 3 ; adnumSro 1 ; dddo 3. 

INSIDE — adv., intus, intra. 

INSIDE— subst. Phr., pars (3 f.) 
iMridr. 

INSIDIOUS — adj., ddlosus, insldiosus, 
Jallax, subd6luB, menddx, infidus. 

Phr., mats fidus. 

INSIGNIFICANT— adj. See Small. 

INSINUATE, to— V. act. See Hint, 

TO. 

INSIPID— adj. 

{a) tasteless, elutus (H.). 

(b) foolish, ineptus, insulsUs (Mart.), 

stultus. 

INSIST, to — V. neut. = to persist, 
q. V. 

INSOLENCE — subst., superbia 1 ; 
Justus 4. 

Ep. youthful, mad, haughty, &c. 

INSOLENT — adj., siiperbus, insdlens. 
See Haughty. 

INSPECT, to — V. act., InspXcXo 3; 
consldPro 1 ; intuSSr 2. 

INSPIRATION— subst., dffldtus 4 (no 
good authority in this sense); numSn 
3 n. ; splrltus 4 ; mdnltus 4 ; ddmdultus 
4. Phr., mens (3 f.) ndva, mens (3 f.) 
deo plena. 

Ep. divine, unwonted, frenzied, &c. 

INSPIRE, to — V. act., inspiro 1 ; 
afflo 1. 

Phr., numtn?, &c. ; complSo (2), stt- 
miilo (1), ago (3), actio (3), <fcc. To in- 
spire with courage, anlmos tollo (irr.) 
firmo (1), conflrmo (1), clPo (2). The 
JNIuses inspire me with song, mihi 
Fegastdes cdrmina dlctdnt (Ov. Her. 
XV. 27. Cf. Am. ii. i. 38). 

INSPIRED— adj., furens. 

Phr., dSo pUnus. See Pbophetic. 



INSPIRITING— adj., perhaps &nl- 
masus. 

INSTANCE— subst. = example, q. v. 
INSTANT— adj. 

(a) imminent, q. v. 

(b) urgent. Translate by verb urgSo 
2, impello 3. 

INSTANT — subst. = moment, mamer^- 
turn 2 ; punctum 2 (H.). 

Ep. brief, fleeting, irrevocable, &c. 

INSTANTLY— adv. 
(«) urgently, mlndntSr. 
(b) immediately, protlnus, extemplo, 

contlnuo. 

Phr., nulla mdrd: haud mdra (est) 
dicto citius, &c. 

INSTEAD OF— prep., pro. Often 
rendered by ?nM<o 1, e.g. Lesbia is taken 
instead of Glycera, Lesbia mutdtur 
GlycSrd. 

INSTEAD — adv., vleissim, invlcem, 
vlcS. 

INSTEP— subst. Use pes 3 m. 

INSTIGATE, to— V. act. = to incite, 
q. V. 

INSTIL, to — .V. act., stlUol; In- 
stillo 1. 

INSTINCT — adj., anlmdtus, plenus. 

INSTINCT — subst., perhaps ingSnlum 
2 ; ndturu 1. 

Ep. inborn, familiar, wondrous. 

INSTITUTE, to — V. act., statm 3; 
constitud 3; instltuo 3; pono 3; prae- 
scriho 3 ; fdcio, irr. ; do \. 

INSTRUCT, to — V. act. = to teach, 
q. V. 

INSTRUMENT — subst., instrumen- 
tum 2. Cf., too, Ov. Her. xxi. 14. 

INSUFFERABLE— adj., mtdlSrdbills 
(Juv.), gravis, mdlesius, nlmlus. 

Phr., non tdlSrdbills, non fSrendus, 
&c. 

INSUFFICENT — adj., pdrcus, ez- 
iguus ; sometimes malignus. 

INSULT, to — V. act., insulto 1; la- 
cesso 3 ; vexo 1 ; Isido 3 ; ndcSo 2 ; irrl- 
d?o 2 ; illudo 3. 

INSULT — subst., probrum 2; con- 
vicia 2 pi. (taunts) ; opprdbrlum 2. 

Ep. undeserved, base, frequent, &c. 

INSUPERABLE— adj., insuperSbllls, 
invictus. 

Phr., 7idn supt^rdndus. 

INSUPPORTABLE — adj. = intoler- 
able, q. v. 



INSURGENT 



( 187 ) 



INTOLERANT 



INSTTKGENT— adj., rebelUs, Impdca- 

tU8. 

Phr., jQgi impatlens ; ferrSjugum m- 
ddcilis, &c. 

INTACT — adj., intdctus, integer, in- 
delibdtus, inconsumptus ; sometimes in- 
tem^ratus, intdmindtus. 

INTEGKITY—subst.= honesty, prd- 
hitds 3 f ; fides 5. 

Ep. pure, spotless, tried, &c. 

INTELLECT— subst., mens 3 f . ; In- 
gSnium 2 ; inddles 3 f . 

Ep. sagacious, cunning, &c. 

INTELLIGENT— adj., sapiens, pru- 
detis, sagdx. 

INTEMPEKATE — adj., immddicus, 
nlmlus, immdd^rdtiis, effrenus. 

INTEND, to— V. act., coglto 1 ; paro 
1 ; volro 3 ; mSdltSr 1 ; texo 3 ; agito 1 ; 
ttud^o 2 ; destino 1. Often render by 
sedit, stat, animus; or vdluntds fert; 
mens est (Ov. Her. ii. 134). 

INTENSE — adj., vldlentUs, nlmlus, 
immddicus, impOtens, vlSlins. 

INTENT — adj., (with upon) studl- 
osus, dttentus (H.). To be intent upon, 
invigilo 1 ; incumbo 3. 

INTENT, INTENTION— subst., con- 
silium 2 ; sententid 1 ; mens 3 f . ; ani- 
mus 2 ; propdsltum 2. 

Ep. A. honourable, brave, firm, 
generous, &c. B. base, treacherous, 
sGcrct &c 

INTENTIONALLY— adv. Use con- 
slllo, consulto (Prop.). 

INTER, to— V. act. = to bury, q. v. 

INTERCEDE, to— v. act. Use de- 
prgcdr 1, e.g. I intercede for my 
enemy's life; mortem deprScdr hosti, 

1 deprecate or beg off death for my 
enemv. 

INTERCEPT, to— V. act, intercludd 
3 ; inter ciplo 3 ; occupo 1. 

INTERCHANGE, to — v. act. = to 
exchange, q. v. 

INTERCOURSE — subst., commercla 

2 pi. 

INTERDICT, to— v. act. = to forbid, 
q. V. 

INTEREST, to — V. act., tango 3; 
mdv?o 2. 

INTEREST— subst. 
(a) on money, fenus 3 n. 

Ep. abundant, unjust, multiplied, &c. 



Phr., I have no interest, non est 
m^um, 7ill mdrdr 1. 

INTERFERE, to— v. act. Use tango 
3. 

Phr., me immiscSo (2). 

INTERIOR — subst., (of a house) 
p^ngtrdlg 3 n. ; pSnStrdlla 3 pi. 

INTERLUDE— subst., diludld 2 pi. 
(H.) ; perhaps spdtlum 2, mdrd 1, 
rSqules 5. 

INTERMENT— subst. = burial, q. v. 

INTERMINABLE — adj. = endless, 
q. V. 

INTERMIT, to — ^v. act., intermitto 3 ; 
interrumpo 3 ; dbrumpo 3. 

INTERNAL — adj., internus, int^rldr. 

INTERPOSE, to — V. act., interpono 
3 ; inters^ro 3 ; immlscSo 2. 

INTERPRET, to— v. act. = to ex- 
plain, q. V. 

INTERPRETER — subst., interprSs 
3 m. ; (iugur 3 m. 

INTERROGATE, to — v. act. = to 
question, q. v. 

INTERRUPT, to — ^v. act., interrumpo 
3 ; dbrumpo 3 ; tUrbo 1 ; intervSnlo 4 ; 
intermitto 3 ; dlrlmo 3 ; dbscindo 3 ; 
intercipio 3. [2. 

INTERSPERSE, to — v. act., ImmiscSo 

INTERTWINE, to — v. act. See 
Entwine, to. 

INTERVAL — subst., intervdllum 2; 
spdtlum 2. 

Ep. short, long, &c. 

INTERVENE, to— v. neut. 

Phr., me medium offSro, irr. 

INTERVENING— adj., m^ara«, inter- 
jectus. 

INTERVIEW— subst. 

Phr., to have an interview with, 
cdnvSnlo 4. 

INTERWEAVE, to — v. act. See 
Entwine, to. 

INTIMATE — adj., notus, conjunctus. 

INTIMIDATE, to — v. act. See 
Fkighten, to. 

INTO — prep.. In. 

INTOLERABLE — adj., intdl^rdbllls 
(Juv.), gravis, mdlestiis, nlmlus. 

Phj., non tdlSrdndas, iwn fSrendUs, 
&c. 

INTOLERANT — adj., impatlens. 

Phr., pjdti or ferrS nesclus, indOcUis. 
Cf. Hor. Od. i. 2, 47, nostrls vltiis ini- 
guus = intolerant of our vices. 



INTRACTABLE 



( 188 ) 



IRIS 



INTRACTABLE— adj. 

(o) furious, q. v. 
(6) obstinate, q. v. 

IKTBEFII) — adj., impavidug,Jntre- 
pidug, tnterrttus, imperterrltus, auddx, 
firmm, fortls, audens, aniviosus. 

Phr., nuHd formidinS motus; m^tu 
vacQUs ; farmidinU expers ; nil mStvens, 
&c. 

nTTEICACY—subst., amines 3 f. pi. ; 
sometimes labyrinthus 2. 

INTRICATE— adj., csecus, Impllcitus, 
irrSm?5bilis, InextrlcSbilis, multiplex. 

INTRIGUE— Bubst. _ 

(a) tnsldise 1 pi. ; ddlSs 2 ; fraus 3 f . 

(b) amores 3 m. pi. 

Phr., furtiius amdr (3 m.), furtS 
2 pi. 

Ep. crafty, secret, base, «S:c. 

INTRODUCE, to— V. act., admltto 3 ; 
indu(M 3 ; InfSro^ irr. 

INTRUDE, to— V. neut., interpello 1 
(H.). 

INTRUSIVE— adj., mdlestus. 

INUNDATE, to— T. act., inundo 1; 
obruo 3 ; proluo 3. 

INUNDATION— subst. = flood, q. v. 

INVADE, to— V. act., invddd 3 ; 
aggrSdl&r 3. 

Phr., irruo (3) tn, fSrSr (irr.) In. 

INVALUABLE — adj. See Incom- 
parable. 

Phr., auro prStXoslSr ; non auro vend- 
lis. 

INVASION — subst., Incursus 4; im- 
pStiis 4. 

INVECTIVE— subst. -See Abuse (a). 

INVEIGLE, to— V. act. = to entice, 
q. V. 

INVENT, to— V. act. 
(o) rSpSrlo 4 ; invSnlo 4. 
(6) to feign, _/tngo 3; invSnlo 4; exco- 

gi to 1 (Mart.). 

INVENTION— subst., Inventum 2. 

INVENTIVE— adj. Use inventdr 3, 
and inventrix 3, in apposition. 

INVENTOR— subst., rSpertik 3 m.; 
inventdr 3 m. ; inventrix 3 f. ; commen- 
tdr 3 m. ; auctdr 3 m. ; parens 3 m. ; 
monstrdtSr 3 m. 

Ep. clever, first, lucky, &c. 

INVERT, to— V. act., inverto 3. 

INVEST, to— V. act. 
(a) See Clothe, to.. 



(6) See Endow, to. To Invest money, 

pond 3. 

INVESTIGATE, to— v. act., gcrutur 
1 ; vestigu 1 ; rinidr 1. 

INVETERATE— adj., dimumUs, vS- 
tus, cdncretiis. 

INVIGORATE, to — v. act. = to 
strengrthen, q. v. 

INVINCIBLE — adj., inmp?rSbills, 
Invictus. 

Phr., ndn sup?rdndus. 

INVIOLABLE— adj., invWldhills, in- 
vldlatus, sac^r, vSrendus, certus. 

Phr., non ridlabllis ; non vlUlandUs. 

INVISIBLE — adj., invism, Inobser- 
vdtus, latens, occultus, abdltus; some- 
times cxcus. Render also by verb, e. g. 
quifdllit dculos or lumina; effuglt visus. 

INVITE, to — V. act., invito 1 ; v8cd 1 ; 
dUlcio 3 ; illaqu?o 1 ; pelllcio 3 ; bldn- 
dlSr 4 ; impello 3 ; traho 3 ; suddSo 2. 

INVOCATION— subst., cdr-mSn 3 n. ; 
prSces 3 f. pi. (abl. sing. prffcS); vota 
2 pi. 

Ep. powerful, persuasive, nightly, 
repeated, &c. 

INVOKE, to — V. act., vdco 1 ; dppello 
1 ; imploro 1 ; pr?cdr 1 ; oro 1 ; exoro 1 ; 
invdco 1 ; vSnSrSr 1 ; adoro 1 ; (at the 
beginning of a jiraver) prxfdr 1. 

INVOLUNTARILY — adv., perhaps 
cdm. 

Phr., non spontS, non gpontS gud, 
noleng. 

INVOLUNTARY— adj., invitug, c6dc- 
tUs. 

INVOLVE, to— V. act. 
(o) to cover, q. v. 
(6) to entangle, q. v. 

INVOLVED — adj. = confused, eonjti- 
gM«, impllcitus. 

INVULNERABLE— adj., Invldldbllls. 

Phr., corpus nullo pSnitrablli telo, an 
invulnerable body. 

INWARD — adj., intemus, intSriSr. 

INWARDLY — adv., intus, intra. 

IRASCIBLE — adj., irdcundug, calldus, 
stOmacliosus (H.). 

Phr., irdsci cSlSr (H.). 

IRE-— subst. = anger, q. v. 

IREFUL — adj. = angry, q. v. 

IRIS — subst. = the rainbow, or colour 
of the rainbow. See Rainbow. 

IRIS — subst., (the plant) irlg 3 f. 
(Ovid, Med. fac. 74). 



IKK 



( 189 ) 



JAGOED 



IRK, to — V. act. = to annoy, q. v. 

Phr., it irks, pigSt. 

IBKSOME — adj., m5Ustus, gravis, in- 
grdtus, Odlosus. 

IBON — subst., /errwrn 2 ; chalyhs 3in. 

Phr., /ern r'lgOr (3 m.). 

Ep. hard, unyielding, solid, &o. 

IBON — adj ., ferrSus, ferrdtus. 

lEONICAL— adj., perhaps /ic^ms, f di- 
gits, menddx (cf. Hor. Epodes, xvii. 39). 

IRKADIATE, to — v. act. = to en- 
lighten, q. V. 

lEKEGTJLAR— adj., (of rhythm) m- 
compdsitus, inconditus. 

Phr., sOlutus UgS, sinS UgS, legS ca- 

f^STlS &C. 

lEEELEVANT — adj. Phr., quSd 
nihil dtUnet (Hor. Od. i. 19, 12). 

lEEEMEDIABLE — adj. = incura- 
ble, irrevocable, q. v. 

lEEEPAEABLE— adj., IrrSpardhllls. 

Phr., non rSpardbllU; nulla rSpard- 
bllis arts. 

lEEESISTIBLE — adj., Ineluctabllis, 
insupSrdhllls. 

lEEESOLXTTE— adj ., trSpldus, dubius. 

Phr., malS firmus. 

lEEEVEEENCE — subst., ImptStds, 
3f. 

lEEEVEEENT— adj., ImpXUs, InvSre- 
cundus. 

lEEEVOCABLE— adj., irrevdcdhxlis 
(H). 

Phr., non rSvScabtlls, nulli rSvdlu- 
bilts. 

lEEIGATE, to — V. act., rigo 1 ; ir- 
rigo 1 ; irroro 1 ; ddspergo 3 ; spdrgo 3 ; 
humecto 1 ; madSfacio 3. 

Phr., scatehris drentia UmpSrat drva, 
he irrigates the thirsty fields. (See, 
too, Ov. Am. II. xvi. 1-5.) 

lEEIGUOUS — adj., Irriguus, rtgiius, 
udm, madidus. 

lEEITABLE — adj., irdcundils, stOma- 
chosus (H.). 

Phr., irdsci cSlSr, pronits ad tram. 

lEEITATE, to— V. act., irrito 1 ; la- 
eesso 3. 

Phr., to move, stimulate, awaken, 
kindle, increase, &c., anger, rage, &c. 

lEEUPTION — subst., incursus 4 ; 
impStus 4. 

Ep. hostile, sudden, &c. 

ISLAND, ISLE— subst., insula 1. 

Phr., land, shore, &c. ; surrounded 



(cincta, clrcumdata, circumflua) by sea, 
waves, &c. 

Ep. small, green, rocky, inaccessible, 
lonely, barren, &c. 

ISLANDEE— subst. Use inhabitant, 
incdla 1 m. ; cultdr 3 m. ; habitdtdr 3 m. 
(Mart.). 

ISOLATE, to— V. act. Use prddo 3 ; 
destitiid 3 ; rStSgo 3. 

ISOLATION — subst. See Desebtiok, 
Solitude. 

ISSUE— subst. 
(a) exit, exttiis 4 ; egressus 4 ; via 1. 

Ep. narrow, easy, difficult, &c. 
(6) result, eventus 4 ; exUus 4 ; finis 3 

m. and f. 

Ep. unexpected, unhoped, &c. 

ISSUE, to— V. neut. 
(a) to go forth, exffo, irr. ; egrSdiSr 3 ; 

progrSdiSr 3 ; prodSo 4. 
(&) to result, end in, desXnd 3; abS5, 

irr. 

ISTHMUS— subst., isthmus 2. 

ITEEATE, to— V. act., ttSro 1; in- 
gSmino 1. 

IVIED— adj., Mdgrosus (Prop.). 

Phr., hSdSrd obductus, tectus, vestitiis, 
virens. 

IVOEY — subst., ^ur 3 n.; m- 
phdntus 2. _ _ 

Phr., dens (3 m.) Indicus or IndUs, 
dens Llbycus, &c. 

Ep. white, ix)lished, smooth, carved, 
&c. 

IVOEY — adj., Sburnus, ^urnffiis. 
Often use white. 

IVY— subst., hffdgra 1. 

Ep. evergreen, climbing (sSqudx), 
sad, &c. 

IVY-COVEEED — adj., hedSrosus 
(Prop.). 

IVY-CEOWNED— adj., cSrymhXfgr. 



JACKDAW — subst., mdnedula 1 ; 
grdculus 2. 

Ep. impudent, chattering, bold, &c. 

JADE — subst. = a sorry horse. Use 
Squils with epithet, e.g. tired, lean, &c. 

JAGGED — adj. See Craggy. 

Phr., a jagged bit, lupdtd (2 pi.) or 
frena 2 pi., lupdta. 



JAIL 



( 190 ) 



JOIN 



JAIL — subst., career 3 m. Often use 
vincula 2 pi. ; claustra 2 pi. 

Ep. gloomy, strong, stone, iron, &c. 

JAILEB — subst., custog 3 m. ; per- 
haps vigil 3 m. 

Ep. stem, incorruptible, cruel, &c. 

JAMB — subst., postls 3 m. 

JANGLING — adj., discors. Perhaps 
dlssdnus (Lucan), stridens. 

JAR — subst., amphdra 1 ; urnd 1 ; 
lagena 1 (H.) ; diuta 1 ; flctilS 3 n. ; 
urcSus 2 (Mart.); urcSSlUs 2 (Juv.); 
olla 1 (H.); vas 3 n. (H.); calathiig 2 
(Verg. Eclog. v. 71); cdntharm 2; 
ansa 1. 

Ep. earthenware, cheap, precious, 
full, capacious, &c. 

JAB — subst. 
(a) a jarring sound, strldffr 3 m. ; 

strffpUus 4. 

Ep. unpleasant, inharmonious, &c. 
(6) discord, q.v. 

JAB, to — V. neut., cr?p6 1 ; crSptto 1 ; 
stridSo 2 ; strSpo 3. 

JASPEB— subst., laspis 3 f. 

Ep. dark (fulvus), green, precious, 
&c. 

JAUNTY — adj., perhaps rSsupinUs, 
tuperhus. 

JAVELIN — subst., pilum 2 ; telum 2 ; 
spiculum 2 ; jaeulum 2 ; missilS 3 n. ; 
vSru 4 ; often lidsta 1, hdstilS 3 n., 
cornus 2, cornum 2, cateia 1. [&c. 

Ep. heavy, iron, missile, unerring, 

JAW — subst., mala 1 ; rictus 4. 

Ep. powerful, blood-stained, &c. 

JAY — subst., perhaps grdculus 2; 
cornicula 1 ; pica 1. 

Ep. saucy, thievish, winged, &c. 

JEALOUS— a^j. 
(a) emulous, ^muliis 2; rlvdlls 3; 

dmbltiosus. 
(6) of a lover, zeldtypus 2 (Juv., Mart.). 

Use also invidus, lividus, suspicdx 

(no poetical authority). Sometimes 

rivdlls 3. 

JEALOUSY— subst., invldta 1; livdr 
3 m. 

Ep. baseless, sudden, frantic, &c. 

JEEB, to — V. act., irridSo 2 ; rldSo 2 ; 
illudo 3 ; ludo 3 ; derided 2. 

JEEB — subst., opprdbrium 2 ; pro- 
brum 2 ; convicia 2 pi. ; risus 4 ; jScus 2 ; 
ludibrium 2. 

Ep. cruel, repeated, undeserved, &c. 



JEOPABD, JEOPABDIZE, to— v. act. 
= to endanger, q. v. 

JEOPABDY— subst. = danger, q. v. 

JEBK, to— V. act. Use mitto 3; 
emitto 3 ; jacto 3 ; ejicio 3. 

JEBKIN — subst., tunica 1. 

Ep. royal, leathern, &c. 

JESS — subst., vinculum 2; ligdmSn 
3n. 

JEST — subst., jdcus 2; rlsus 4; 
ludibrium 2 ; s&Us 3 m. pi. (Mart.) ; 
jdculdrtd 3 pi. (H.); dicterium 2 
(Mart.). 

Ep. sudden, witty, spiteful, merry, 
&c. 

JEST, to— V. neut., ludo 3. 

JESTEE— subst., perhaps lusdr 3 m. ; 
scurrd 1 m. (H.). 

Ep. witty, idle, bitter, &c. 

JET— subst. Use ghgnus 2 f. (ebony). 

Ep. dark, jwlished, &c. 

JET — subst., (of water) fons 3 m. ; 
vena 1 ; fonticulus 2 (H.). 

Ep. leaping, clear, &c. 

JETTY— adj. = black, q. v. 

JETTY— subst. = a pier, moles 3 f. ; 
pild 1 ; cr^pidd 3 f . 

Ep. solid, made of stone, &c. 

JEWEL — subst., gemmM 1; lapis 
3 m. ; laplllus 2 (H., Mart.). 

JEWELLED — adj., gemmdns, gem- 
mSus, gemmdtus, gemmifSr, stellatus, 
with abl. of the jewel (Verg. ^n. 
iv. 261). 

JIBE — subst. See Jeer. 

JIG — subst. See Dance. 

JILT, to — V. act., fdllo 3 ; decTplo 3 ; 
ludo 3; perhaps ezcutio 3 (Cf. Hor. 
Od. iii. 9, 19). 

JILT — subst. = a fickle girl. See 
Fickle. 

JOCOSE — adj. jdcosus, hilarls, ISpidus 
(H)., urbdniis (H.). 

JOCULAB— arg(M«M8 (H.), sdlsus (H.). 

JOCUND — adj. = gay, hilarls, festus, 
Ixtus, gSnialis. 

JOG, to — V. act. = to shake, q. v. 

JOIN, to — V. &ci.,jungo 3; cdnjungo 
3 ; commltto 3 ; llgo 1 ; ddjungo 3 ; 
s6ctd 1 ; consdcio 1 ; concilio 1 ; some- 
times continuo 1. Cf. SestonquS ddmo- 
vit Abj/do (Luc). 

Phr., to join battle, pugnam, manus, 
&c., committers, cansSrSrS. 



JOIN 



( 191 ) 



JUBILEE 



JOIN, to — V. neut. Phr. me jungd 
(3), sdcto (1); me cdmltem dddo (3), 
prmsto (1); and passive voices of the 
verbs given above. To be united, cded, 
irr. 

JOIN, JOINING— subst. See Joint 
(a). 

JOINED — adj., compactua. /See Join, 
V. act. 

JOINT— subst. 
(a) junctura 1 ; compages 3 f . ; com- 

pago 3 f . ; intemodia 2 pi. ; arti- 

culUs 2. 

Phr., joints of harness, lerM suta 
(2 pi.). 
(if>) often = limbs, membra 2 pi. ; drtus 

4 pi. 

JOINT— adj. 

(a) shared among many, communis. 

(b) allied, sdclus, sdcidtus, junctus, con- 
junctiig. 

JOINTED — adj., perhaps commlssus, 
flex'dis. 

JOINTLY — adv., commiinitSr, parXtSr, 
eeque, sivrftl, una. 

JOINTUEE— subst., dos 3 f. 

JOKE — subst., jSciis 2 ; risus 4 ; 
ludlbrium 1 ; sales 3 m. pi. (Mart.) ; 
jdculdria 3 pi. (H.) ; dictum 2. 

Ep. witty, bitter, spiteful, merry, 
unlooked-for, &c. 

JOKE, to — V. neut., ludo 3. 

JOKER — subst., perhaps lus8r 3 m. ; 
scurra 1 m. (H.). 

JOLLITY — subst., lEtttla 1 ; gaudium 
2 ; vUluptas 3 f. 

Ep. festive, seasonable, ill-timed, &c. 

JOLLY — adj., hilaris, festus, lEtus, 
gentalis, jdcosus. 

ZQiLT, to — V. act. = to shake, q. v. 

JONQUIL — subst., narcissus 2. 

JOSTLE, to — V. act., stipd 1 ; prSmo 
3 ; densSo 2 ; cogo 3 ; compeUo 3. 

JOT — subst. Translate by phrases, 
e.g. not a jot = nihil or non joined to 
the verb. 

JOITRNAL— subst., gpliemSris 3 f. 

JOURNEY- subst., via 1 ; lUr 3 n. ; 
cursus 4. 

Ep. long, difficult, tedious, pleasant, 
&c. 

JOURNEY-MONEY— subst., naulum 
2 (Juv.), viaticum 2 (H.). 

JOURNEY, to — V. neut., veJidr 3; 
id, irr. ; trdnsSo, irr. 



Phr., viam or ItSr facio (3), cdrpo (3), 
urg?d (2), prSpSro (1), mifvio (2), &c. 
Often use vagdr 1 ; erro 1 ; pdldr, I 
wander. 

JOUST — subst., certdmSn 3 n. ; some- 
times pugnd 1 ; ludi 2 ; spectdculum 2. 

Ep. martial, glittering, thronged, 
&c. 

JOUST, to — y. neut., certo 1 ; crni- 
tendo 3. 

Phr., pugnse cTent simulacra sUb drmis 
= they joust. 

JOVIAL — adj. = jolly, hilaris, festus, 
leetus, genldlis, jdcosus. 

JOWL — subst. = cheek, q. v. 

Phr., cheek by jowl = together, 
simul, und, perhaps amice. 

JOY — subst., lEtitia 1 ; (no plural) 
gaudium 2. Use also vSluptds 3 f. ; de- 
licise 1 pi. Cf. also DulcS satis huTudr, 
&c. (Verg. Eel. iii. 82) ; and see words 
under Love (d) and (e). 

Phr., " for joy " (in such expressions 
as " shout for joy," &c), see Verg. Eel. 
V. 62; Ov. Fast. iv. 328; Verg. ^n. 
viii. 717 ; Hor. Od. n. xvii. 26. 

Ep. sudden, unexpected, vain, last- 
ing, brief, &c. 

JOY, to — v. neut. = to be joyful, 
gaud?o 2 ; lEtiyr 1 ; 6vo 1. 

Phr., gaudia percipio (3), cdrpo (3), 
&c. ; Imtltid fruGr (3). 

JOYANCE— subst. = joy, q. v. 

JOYFUL— adj. _ _ 

(a) of persons, Isetus, hilaris, gaudens, 
dvdns, alacSr. 

(b) of things, Ixtus, festus, IsetubiUs, 
rSnidens. 

(c) of the face, look, &c., jucunduSy 
grdtus, pvlcMr. 

Phr., full of joy. 

JOYFULLY— adv., laete, felicitSr. 

JOYLESS— adj. = gloomy (a) and (6), 
q. V. 

Phr., lastitid car ens, vacuus, experSf 
&c. 

JOYOUS— adj. = joyful, q. v. 

JUBILANT — adj., dvdns, triumphdns, 
exUltdns. 

JUBILEE — subst., ludi (2 pi.) secu- 
Idres. 

Phr., festa (2 pi.) d^cimo ridSHntia 
lUstro, per lustra decern qu^ festa (2 pi.) 
rScHrriird. See Feast. 



JUDGE 



( 192 ) 



KEEP 



JUDGE — subst., judex 3 m. ; drhitir 

2 m. ; quxsitdr 3 m. 

Ep. stem, impartial, august, &c. 

JUDGE, to — V. newi., judico 1. 

Phr., jm died (3), do (1), reddo (3), 
&c. 

V. act., judico 1 ; dijudico 1 ; 

statSo 3. 

JTJDOMENT — subst., judicium 2 ; 
drbltrlum 2; sententia 1. 

Ep. impartial, severe, just, well- 
deserved, &c. 

JUDICIOUS — adj., cautug, prudens, 
sagdx. 

JUG — subst. See Jak. 

JUGGLE, to — V. act. = to cheat, 
q. V. 

JUGGLEB — subst. = cheat (6), q. v. 

JUICE — subst., succus 2 ; humdr 3 m. ; 
virus 2 n. (poisonous juice). 

Ep. liquid, abundant, sweet, bitter, 
&c. 

JUMBLE, to — V. act. = to compound 
(6), q. V. 

JUMP, to — V. neut. 
{a) nalio 4 ; sdlto 1. 

Phr., sdltum do (1). 

(b) to jump up, exsllio 4 ; prosillo 4 ; 
emlco 1 ; subsllio 4 ; dssillo 4 (Prop.). 

(c) to jump down, desilio 4. 

(d) to jump over, trdnsilw 4 ; stLpSro 1 ; 
exsupSro 1 ; trdnscendo 3 (Prop.). 
JUMP — subst., sdltus 4. 

Ep. rash, bold, easy, broad, &c. 
JUNCTION— subst., yMnc<ura 1. 
JUNCTUKE — subst. = crisis, cdrdp 

3 m. (lit. hinge; Verg. ^«. 1. 672); 
discrimSn 3. 

Ep. imjx>rtant, weighty, &c. 

JUNGLE — subst., sdltiis 4 ; palus 3 f. 
Use also dumetum 2 ; friiticetum 2 ; 
calami 2 pi. (a reed bed), cdnnm 1 pi. ; 
mlictum 2. 

Ep. overgrown, shady, swampy, 
pathless, &c. 

JUNIPER — subst., ./u«rp^'r«s 2 f. 

JUNKET— subst., cddgulum 2. 

JUNKET, to— V. neut. = to feast (6), 
q. V. 

JUNKETING— subst. = feast (&), 

JUST — adj., Justus, sequus, rectus, 
•priibus, lUSnestus, plus, sdnctus, cdstus, 
intSgSr. 



JUST— adv. 

(a) of time, m8d8, nupSr. 

(b) nearly, f?re, psei^, prSpS, mUdS-non, 
tdntum-non. 

(c) onlv just, barely, vix, Sgre. 
JUSTICE— sub.st. 

(a) justitid 1 ; sequum 2 ; jus 3 n. ; 

fides 5. 

Ep. severe, august, impartial, &c. 
(6) punishment, pcena 1 ; suppllcium 2 ; 

sometimes viridicta 1. 

Ep. well-deserved, slow, swift, &c. 

JUSTLY— adv., jurS (lit. by right), 
juste, m^rite, hinS. 

JUT, to — V. neut., (with " out ") pro- 
curro 3 ; promln^o 2 ; exsto 1 ; excur- 
ro3. 

JUTTING — adj., procurrens, exstdns, 
exciirrens, jjrojectus, protentus. 

JUVENILE — adj., juvenilis, puSrills, 
tSnSr. 



K 



KEEL — subst., carina 1. 
Phr., on even keel, rectus (Ov. B. Am. 
70). 
Ep. curved, brazen, sliding (uneta), 

KEEN— adj. 

(a) sharp, acutus. 

(b) of weather, cold, &c., dc?r, ScerbSs, 
pSnStrdbills, dspSr, durus, immitls, 
mMestus, sSverUs. 

(c) eager, dc^r, agllts, alacSr, alacrls, 
promptus, impigSr, gndvus. 

(d) acute, (of the intellect) acutUs, sub- 
tills, cdllidus, ingSnlosus, dcSr, sagdx, 
vaf?r. 

KEENLY— adv., dcrltSr. 

KEEN-SCENTED— adj., ffdoriis. 

Phr., ndribus dcir. 

KEEN-SIGHTED— adj. Phr., Sciilis 
dcSr. 

KEENNESS— subst. 
(a) sharpness, acies 5 ; acumen 3 n. 
(6) of weather, dspSritds 3 f. Often 

MBG frigus 3 n. ; Mems 3 f. 

(c) eagerness, ciipido 3 f . ; stUdlum 2 ; 
streniiltds 3 f. 

(d) acuteness of intellect, acumen 3 n. 
(H.) ; Seles 5 (H.) ; ingSnlum 2 ; vis 
3f. 

KEEP, to— V. act. 



KEEP 



( 193 ) 



KINDLINESS 



(a) servo 1 ; conservo 1 (Prop.) ; t^nSd 

2 ; rmneo 2 ; hab^o 2. _ 

(fe) to imprison, cmtodio 4 ; claudo 3 ; 

includo 3. 
(c) to guard, cudwlm 4 ; murilo 4 ; 

«erTJ 1 ; de/eiulo 3 ; defenso 1 ; <M#^r 

2 ; (M<c?r 1 ; protegu 3. 
((Z) to tend or care for, curd 1 ; servo 1 ; 

protego 3 ; tiieyf 2 ; ^Mit^r 1 ; defendo 

3 ; ^asco (of a sheplierd). 

(e) to celebrate, ceiebro 1 ; c8lo 3 ; 

facto 3 ; dincSlSbro 1. 
(/') to keep one's word, presto 1. 

Phr., wore fdllo (3). 
(</) to keep back = to restrain, cdlilbSo 

2 ; c6erc?o 2 ; arced 2 ; prSlub^o 2 ; 

impSdlo 4 ; /rem 1. 
(/i) to keep back = to conceal, ce/o 1 ; 

t/go 3 ; dfcrfo 3 ; coiuld 3 ; abscondo 

3 ; occulo 3. 
(i) to keep in. ^See (gr). 
(j) to keep off, arced 2 ; defendo 3 ; 

prdhib^d 2 ; dverto 3. 
(&) to keep under = to subdue, rf^mo 

1 ; subigo 3 ; pr?mo 3 ; rSprimo 3. 
(i) to keep up with, «gMo 1 ; sequlparo 

1. 
(m) to keep waiting, demdrSr 1. See 

Delay, to (6). 

KEEP, to — V. neut., to continue, 
duro 1 ; sto 1 ; persto 1 ; manSo 2 ; 
permaneo 2. 

KEEP — subst., arx 3 f. ; cdstellum 2. 

Ep. solid, lofty, inaccessible, &c. 

KEEPEB — subst. 
(a) sercdtdr 3 ra. ; custom 3 m. ; ^jr«- 

stdium 2 ; tutela 1 ; cwra 1. 
{6) gaoler, custos 3 m. 

Ep. stern, faithful, treacherous, &c. 

KEEPING — subst., custodiS 1 ; prse- 
sldium 2 ; tufela 1. 

KEEPSAKE— subst. Use ddnum 2 ; 
niunus 3 n. 

Phr. pignus (3 n.) amorls. 

Ep. precious, friendly, «fec. 

KEG- — subst. See Cask. 

KELPIE — subst. = a water-sprite. 
Perhaps Nereis 3 f. 

Phr., proles (3 f.) or turbo. (1) gens 
{3 f.), &c., seqiUirSa, marina, coerulSd, 
(jlauca. 

KEN, to — V. act. = to know, q. v. 

KEN — subst. = sight, visus 4 ; ds- 
pectus 4 ; conspectus 4 ; often 8culi 2 
pL, lumina 3 pi. 



KENNEL— subst. Use cubilg 3 n ; 
dSmus 2 and 4 f., irr. ; tecta 2 pi., &c. 
Ep. narrow, warm, humble, &c. 
KERCHIEF— subst. 

(a) handkerchief, mdntelS 3 n. ; mdppd 
1 (H., Mart.) 

(b) head-dress. Use mitra 1. 
Ep. soft, modest, &c. 
KERNEL— subst., nudgus 2 (Mart.). 
KESTREL— subst. = hawk, q. v. 
KETTLE— subst., iSUs 3 m. ; ahenum 

2. 

KEY — subst., ddvis 3 f. 

KEY-BEARING— adj., cldvig^r. 

KICK, to — V. act., cdlco 1 ; proculco 
1. 

Phr., pSdS or caleg p^to (3), dggrSdiSr 
(3), &c. 

V. neut., rScdlcitro 1. 

KICKING — adj., of a horse, sterndx. 

KID — subst., liiedus 2; hxdulus 2 
(Juv.). 

Ep. sportive, timid, butting, &c. 

KIDNEY— subst., renes 3 m. pi. (H.). 

KILL, to — V. act., c^do 3 ; ocddo 3 ; 
trucldo 1 ; p^rlmd 3 ; intSrimo 3 ; n^co 
1 ; intirficXo 3 ; perdo 3 ; juguld 1 (lit. 
to cut the throat) ; obtrunco 1 (lit. to 
behead) ; mdcto 1 (only = to sacrifice) ; 
exantmo 1. [3 f. 

KILN — subst., camlnus 2 ; fornix 

Ep. glowing, black, &c. 

KILT — subst. Use tunica 1. 

KILTED— adj. May often be ren- 
dered by succlnctus. (Cf. Ov. Fast. iv. 
413, and Met. x. 536.) 

KIN — subst., prdpinqul 2 pi. ; cog- 
iidti 2 pi. ; consdnguinM 2 pi. Often 
expressed by mSi, tui, vestri, sui, accord- 
ing to the person. 

KIND — adj., hSnignus, cUmus, mitis, 
comis, amicus, clemeng, bSnus, man- 
suetiis. 

KIND — subst., g^nus 3 n. ; gens 3 f. ; 
stirps 3 f . 

KIND-HEARTED— adj. See Kind. 

KINDLE, to — V. act., dccendo 3; 
incendo 3 ; succendo 3 ; uro 3 ; aduro 3 ; 
crSmo 1 ; infldmmo 1. 

V. neut., ignesco 3 ; drdesco 3 ; 

indrdesco 3 ; and passive voice of verbs 
given above. 

KINDLINESS— subst., bSnitds 3 f . ; 
dementia 1 ; amlcitla 1 ; bSnignitds 3 f . ; 
Indulgentla 1 ; obsSqulwm, 2. 

o 



KINDLY 



( 194 ) 



KNEEL 



Ep. friendly, wonted, unexpected, 

KINDLY— adj. 

(a) of the same kind, prffpinqum, cog- 
ndtus, affinis, consdnguinSus. 

(b) kind, q.v. 

KINDLY — adv., Mnlgne, comltSr, 
amice, hSng, often civlllt?r. 

KINDNESS— subst. See Kindliness. 

KINDRED— subst. 
(a) kin, q.v. 
(6) kinship, q.v. 

KINE — subst., armentum 2; mccx 
1 pi. ; hdves 3 comm. pi. ; grex 3 m. 

Ep. homed, lowing, thronging, 
peaceful, &c. 

KING — subst., rex 3 m. ; tyr annus 2 ; 
regndtdr 3 m. ; prlnceps 3 m. ; often 
ddminus 2, rectdr 3 m. 

Ep. proud, high-bom, warlike, 
purple-clad, &c. 

KINGCUP — subst., perhaps mMva 1 
(Mart.). 

KINGDOM — subst., regfnwm 2; impff- 
rlum 2; ditio 3 f. (=8way); often 
terra 1, fines 3 m. and f. pi. ; sometimes 
sdllum 2 (throne), sceptrum 2 (sceptre). 

Ep. wide, ancestral, new, proud, &c. 

KINGFISHER— subst. Usually ren- 
dered by Alcpon 3 f . or Alcpifne 3. 

Ep. bright, swift, peaceful, divers- 
hued (versicolSr), &c. 

KINGLET— subst., regUlus 2 (Mart.). 

KINGLY — adj., reglus, regdlis, regi- 
fieus ; sometimes sceptrifkr. May often 
be translated by other words ; e.g. lau- 
tiis, divgs, splendidus, rndgnificiis, ffpii- 
lentus, purpurSus, &c. 

KINGSHIP — subst., Imperlum 2; 
regnum 2 ; dltTo 3 f . ; pdtestds 3 f . ; 
pdtentia 1. Often use jm 3 n. ; mSdS- 
rdmSn 3 n. ; sdlium 2 (throne) ; scep- 
trum 2 : diadema 3 n. 

Phr., regni or regndndi pondGs (3 n.), 
dniis (3 n.), dffcus (3 n.), moles (3 f.). 

KINSFOLK, KINSMAN— subst. See 
Kin. 

KINSHIP — subst., consdnguinitds 
3 f. ; proximitds 3 f. ; sdnguis 3 m. 

Phr., gens (3 f.) or stirps (3 f.), &c. 
cogndta, prdpinqua ; juncta ddmus (2 
and 4 f.). 

KIRTLE— subst. See Dress. 

KISS, to — v. act., osculdr I (Prop.) ; 



hdslo 1 (Mart.) ; sudvlffr 1 (Catullus). 
Usually by phrases, oscula (2 pi.), sud- 
via do (1),' libo (1), dellbd (1), figo (3), 
rnpTo (3), divido (3), jungo (3), Ugo (3), 
\f?ro (irr.), cdrpo (3), mtffro (irr.), siimo 
(3), cdngSro (3) ; labra, labella ddmdvffo 
(2), jungo (3) ; Za&ra iflftris <a«<jro (3). 

Phr., to kiss away tears, lacrlmds pSr 
oscula siccdr? (Ov. Fast. iii. 509). 

KISS — subst., osculum 2 ; sudvtum 2 ; 
bdsTum 2 (Mart.). 

Ep. sweet, many, thousand, modest, 
&c. 

KIT — subst., (of a soldier) use fdscis 
3 m. ; sdrctna 1 ; mdntica 1 (Cat.). 

KITCHEN — subst., culina 1 (H., 
Juv.). 

Ep. smoky, greasy, &c. 

KITCHEN-GARDEN — subst., hortus 

2 ; hortulus 2 (Juv.). 

KITE — subst., milvus 2 ; mililus 2 ; 
dcclpit?r 3 m. 

Ep. greedy, bold, cruel, &c. 

KITH — subst. = acquaintance, notus 2 
(H.), Jidsp?s 3 m., amicus 2. 

KNACK — subst. = dexterity, sollertiS 
1 ; cdUlditds 3 f. ; ingSnlum 2. 

KNAPSACK— subst., sdrclna 1 ; fds- 
cis 3 m. ; mdnticd 1 (Cat.). 

Ep. soldier's, heavy, fiJl, &c. 

KNAVE— subst. 
(a) servant, famulus 2 ; servus 2 ; m(7jis- 

f^r 2 ; sometimes fur (Verg. Eclog. 

iii. 16). 

Ep. zealous, active, faithful, &c. 
(6) rascal, fur 3 m. ; furclfSr 2 (H.). 

Phr., ad omnS fur turn ingSnlosus, or 
prdnus. Use also pessimUs. 

Ep. cunning, lying, &c. 

KNAVERY — subst., nequitia I ; im- 
prSbltds 3 f . ; ddlus 2 ; fdlldcla 1 ; fraus 

3 f. ; perfidia 1 ; scelus 3 n. 

Ep. wicked, treacherous, bold, &c. 

KNAVISH — adj., ddlosUs, perfidus, 
imprdbSs, dstutus (H.), fdlldx, vafSry 
cdllldiis. 

KNEAD, to — V. act. Use tundo 3 ; 
contundo 3 ; misc?o 2. 

Phr., manu moUirS (Cf. Ov. Fast. vi. 
382). 

KNEE — subst., g?nu 4 ; popZ^s 3 m. 

KNEEL, to — V. ncut. Phr., ggnu or 
g^niia (scanned genva) pond (3), fleets 
(3), submitto (3), inclino (1) ; flexls gem- 
bus procumbo (3), cado (3) ; gSnibus dd- 



KNEELING 



( 195 ) 



KNUCKLE 



volvOr (3), provolvdr (3) (gSntbus here = 
at another's knees). So also gSnua 
tutigo (3), amplectOr (3). 

KNEELING— subst. Translate by 
phrases, e.g. g^nu (^)flexum, pdsltum; 
or substitute "praying," "weeping," 
&c. 

KNEELING— adj., ■prostratus. 

Phr., flexis genlbm; gSntbUs minSr 
(H.). See Kneel, to. 

KNELL — subst. No equivalent 
Latin word. Perhaps ms 3 n. funehrg 
or fungrPum; or substitute nenia 1 
(dirge), questus 4, plangSr 3 m. 

KNIFE— subst., (Mter 2 ; cultellUs 2 
(H.); ferrum 2. 

Ep. steel, sharp, &c. 

KNIGHT— subst. 
(a) gqugs 3 m. 
(h) often = hero, lieros 3 m. ; vlr 2 ; 

dux 3 m. ; jui-enU 3 m. ; milSs 3 m. 

Ep. armed, keen, valiant, &c. 

(c) lover, amatdr 3 m. ; amans 3 m. ; 
prdcus 2. 

Ep. gallant, loyal, constant, &c. 

(d) champion, de/ensdr 3 m., perhaps 
prEsidium 2, cSlumSn 3 n., tutela 1, 
CMsfas 3 m. 

Ep. bold, unconquered, &c. 

KNIGHT, to — v. act. = to ennoble, 
q. V. 

KNIGHTHOOD— subst. 
(a) rank of knight, ordo 3 m. 
(6) chivalry (a), q. v. 

KNIGHTLY— adj. 
(a) belonging to a knight, gquestris. 
(6) chivalrous, q. v. 

KNIT, to— v. act. 

(a) to join, q. v. 

(b) to knit the brow = to frown. 
Phr., frdntem contraho (3). 

(c) almost = to weave, texo 3. 
KNOCK, to— V. act. 

(a) to strike, q. v. [3. 

(b) to knock down, stemo 3 ; prostemo 

(c) to knock at a door. 

Phr., portum or ostia or fffres, pvlso 
(V),fSrld (4), cxdo (3), verbSro 1. 

KNOCK — subst., ictus 4 ; pldga 1. 

KNOLL — subst., tumulus 2 ; tumSr 
3 m. 

KNOT— subst. 
(o) nodus 2; sometimes vinculum 2, 

ligdmSn 3 n., copula 1. 

Ep. twisted, difficult, firm, &c. 



(6) a company, gWbus 2. jSee Band 

(«)• 

KNOT, to — y. act., nodo 1 ; rgnodo 1. 

Phr., 7i6dd vincto (4), c8erc?o (2), 
rgligo (1), impgdio (4), implied (1), &c. 

KNOTLESS— adj. = smooth, enodf», 

Phr., wofZis expers, earens, &c. 
KNOTTED— adj., nodosUs. 
Phr., «od(s dspSr. 
KNOTTY— adj. 

(a) nodosus. 

Phr., nodts aspSr. > 

(b) difficult, q. v. 

KNOTTT- sub8t.,/a(/eHM7ra 2 ; flagrum 
2 ; verhSr 3 n. (Juv., Mart.). 

Ep. twisted, cruel, blood-stained, 
&c. 

KNOW, to— v. act. 

(a) to know a fact, sclo 4 ; cognosco 3 ; 
nosco 3; iiovi, defective; intelligo 3, 
disco 3 (usually in perfect) ; rescisco 
3. 

Phr., non ignoro, non nesclo, non sum 
igndrus or nesclUs, non me latfft or fUgit 
or prxtSrlt. 

(b) to know a person, cognosco 3; 
dgnosco 3 ; «osco 3. 

(c) to know how (followed by infini- 
tive) sc'io 4 ; called 2. 
KNOWING— adj. = artful, callidus, 

vafSr. 

KNOWLEDGE— subst. 
(a) notltia 1 ; cognltio 3 f. Often trans- 
late by infinitive mood, e.g. scirSy dt- 

dictssg. 
(&) learning, doctrind 1 ; sapientid 1 ; 

prudentXa 1. 
(c) skill, ars 3 f. ; sollertia 1 ; cdlllditds 

3 f . ; scientia 1 ; expSrlentla 1 (Verg. 

Georg. i. 4). 

KNOWN— adj. 

(a) well-known, notus, cognXttis, cldiUs, ^ 
insignls, manifestus, apertus, cglShgr, 
inclytus, nobills, consplcuus. 

(b) notorious, fdmosus, infdmis. 
Well-known, in either sense, may 

sometimes be rendered by ilU, e.g. illA 
virtus, that well-known valour ; illiid 
scSlus, that notorious crime. 

KNUCKLE— subst. Use drticuMs 2. 



o 2 



LABORATORY 



( 196 ) 



LAME 



LABORATORY — subst., officlna 1. 
LABORIOUS— adj. 

(a) diligent, sed&lus, stUdioisus, gtrenuiis, 
gndvus, industrlua (Juv.), dcSr, im- 
plgSr, Idbdrtffr. 

(h) toilsome, ISbdrtosus, ffp^rosiis, diffi- 

cllis, durus, drduiis, gravis, mdlestus. 

LABOTJB — subst. 
(o) toil, labdr 3 m. ; guddr 3 m. ; stu- 

dlum 2 ; strenQltds 3 f . ; sedulltds 3 f . ; 

nis&g 4. 

Ep. assiduous, relentless (imprShus), 
hard, long, &c. 

(b) the work done, labdr 3 m. ; dpus 
3 n. ; Spira 1 ; f actum 2. 

Ep. wondrous, finished, &c. 
LABOUR, to — V. neut. 

(a) labor 6 1 ; dpSrdr 1. 

Phr., labori, SpM, &c. ; incumho (3), 

indulgSo (2), &c. ; labdrem, dpus, &c. ; 

exercSo (2) ; urged (2) ; fSro, irr. ; t6l8ro 

(1); SMb?o, irr.; patlSr 3. 

(fc) to be in difficulties, laboro 1 ; some- 
times ddlSo 2, vexdr 1, soUXcltSr 1, pr^'- 
m^ 3. 

(c) to be in labour, of a woman, pdr- 
turlo 4 ; pario 3. 

Phr., pdrtnm edd (3). 

LABOURER— subst., tfjs^^ra 1 (H.). 
Usually mention class of labour, e.g. 
ardlOr 3 m. (ploughman), pdstSr 3 m. 
(shepherd), fossdr 3 m. (digger), fabSr 
2 (smith), &c. 

Ep. diligent, patient, humble, &c. 

LABYRINTH — subst., labyrirUhus 2 
(cf . Verg. 3jn. v. 591) ; ambages 3 f. 

Ep. tortuous, pathless, &c. 

LABYRINTHINE— adj., labyrinfhius 
(Cat.) ; perhaps multiplex, c^cus. 

LACE — subst. 
(a) vinculum 2 ; llgdm^n 3 n. 
<6) Perhaps <ext«m 2; texfura 1 (Prop.). 

Phr., textile dpus (3 n.). 

Ep. fine, laborious, &c. 

LACERATE, to — v. act., lacgrd 1 ; 
dildcSro 1 ; lanio 1 ; dilanlo 1 ; fran- 
co Z. 

LACK, to — V. act. 
(a) to be without, carSo 2 ; vaco 1. 
(]b) to be in want of, SgSo 2 ; indlgSd 2 ; 

r^quiro 3 ; posco 3. 



LACK — subst., dpUs 3 n. ; Sgestds 3 f. ; 
penurla 1 ; paupSrles 5. 

LACKING, to be — v. neut., dbsum, 
irr. ; desum, irr. ; deffcio 3. 

LACQUEY — subst.,/anii<Z«« 2 ; mTms- 
<^r 2 ; servus 2. 

LAD — subst., pw^r 2 ; sometimes 
juv^nts 3 m. 

Ep. active, merry, saucy, &c. 

LADDER— subst., scdlE 1 pi. 

Phr., scaldrum gradus. 

LADEN — adj., dn^rdtQs, Snustus, 
gravis, gravdtus, pressus (of a ship); 
(Verg. Georg. i. 203). 

LADLE — subst. Use cpathus 2. 

LADY— subst. 
(a) married lady, mdtrona 1 ; dSmina 1 ; 

Mra 1. Often = wife, conjux 3 f. ; 

uxdr 3 f . ; muli?r 3 f. 
(6) unmarried lady, nrgo 3 f. ; pSeUd 1. 

Ep. graceful, stately, modest, &c. 

LAG, to — V. neut. 
(a) to loiter, cesso 1. 
(6) to lag behind, mdrOr 1. 

FhT.,7i6ncdnsequdr3. /See Dklat, TO. 

LAG — subst., extremus 2. 

LAGGARD — subst., cessdtik 3 m. 
(H.). Usually translate by adjective, 
pigSr, tardus, desSs, igndcus, desldlosiis, 
segnls, iners, rSsSs. 

LAGOON — subst., lacuna 1 ; Idctis 4 ; 
stdgnum 2 ; pdlus 3 f. 

LAIR — subst., lustra 2 pi. ; l&iebrx 
1 pi. ; cublU 3 n. ; spelxum 2 ; (of a 
wild boar) vdlutdbrum 2 (Verg. Georg. 
iii. 411). 

Ep. woody, mountain, secluded, in- 
accessible, &c. 

LAKE — subst., Idcus 4; stdgnum 2; 
palus 3 f. 

Ep. glassy, weedy, broad, peaceful, 
&c. 

LAMB — subst., dgnus 2; dgna 1. 

Phr., subdlis (3 f.) gr?gls. 

Ep. tender, timid, woolly, innocent, 
&c. 

LAMBENT — adj., lambens, cSruscdns, 
! cdruscus, vibrdns, trSpidus, trSplddns. 

LAMBLIKE — adj. = mild, innocent, 

LA M E — adj., claudus, daudicdns. 
LAME, to be — v. neut., claudico 1. 
Phr., claudo p^dS, gradu, &c. ; So 
(irr.), incedo (3), &c. 



LAME 



( 197 ) 



LANDWARD 



LAME, to — ^v. act., debllUo 1. 

Phr., claudum reddo (3), faclo (3), 
&c. 

LAMENESS— subst., debllUds 3 f. 
(Juv.). 

LAMENT, to— V. act., dom 2 ; ploro 
1 ; lug?o 2 ; mxr^o 2 ; flgo 2 ; deflSo 2 ; 
deploro 1 ; quSrdr 3 ; conquSrdr 3 ; gr^mo 
3 ; ingSmo 3 ; pJungo 3 ; lacrimd 1 ; de- 
pldngo 3 ; depldngdr 3. 

V. neut., cZfYZ^o 2 ; Ziigr^o 2 ; 

mserSo 2 ; indSlesco 3. 

LAMENT, LAMENTATION, LA- 
MENTING — subst., lacrimm 1 pi. ; sus- 
pirla 2 pi. ; (sighs) ululdtus 4 (wailing 
of women) ; lamentum 2 ; questus 4 ; 
gSmitus 4 ; pldngdr 3 m. ; quSrimonta 1 ; 
fietus 4 ; querela 1 ; luctus 4. 

Ep. repeated, vain, womanish, &c. 

LAMENTABLE — adj., Idmentdbilis, 
lugvbrls, gravis, trlstU, sollicltus, acer- 
bus, dspSr, mdlestus, msestus, jiebllls, 
mtsSr, lacrimosus, flendus, mlsSrdbllis, 
lacrimdbllis. 

LAMENTABLY— adv.,/arZ?<^r. 

LAMP — subst., lucerna 1 ; Idmpas 
3 f. ; lychnus 2 ; fundU 3 n. ; testa 1. 
(Verg. Georg. i. 391). [3 f. 

LAMP-BLACK— subst. Use fullgo 

LAMPOON— Use idmbl 2 pi. 

Phr., fdmosum cdrmgn (3 n.) Per- 
haps fel 3 n. (gall) ; or sales (3 m. pi.) 
fell^ suffusi = wit steeped in gall. 

LAMPBEY — subst. Use murxna 1. 

LANCE — subst., hdsta 1 ; hdstilS 3 n. ; 
cuspis 8 f . ; ldnc?a 1 ; telum 2 ; spl- 
ciilum 2 ; frdxlnus 2 f . ; cornus 2 f . ; 
mlssllS 3 n. ; faldrlca or phaldrlca 1 ; 
sarissa 1 ; dSlo 3 m. [&c. 

Ep. sharp, warlike, pointed, missile, 

LANCEB^subst., hdstdtus 2. 

LAND— subst. 
(a) as distinguished from water, terra 

1 ; tellus 3 f . ; siccum 2 ; often littug 

3 n., ora 1, arena 1. 

Ep. dry, broad, fertile, &c. 
(6) region, <erra 1 ; tellus 3 f. ; r?gXo 

3 f. ; plagd 1 ; trdctus 4 ; /mes 3 m. 

and f. pi. 

Ep. peaceful, barbarous, unknown, 
inaccessible, &c. 

(c) soil, sdlum 2 ; humus 2 f . ; agSr 2 ; 
glebd 1. 

Ep. barren, fertile, cultivated, &c. 

(d) fatherland, patrid 1. 



Phr., ndtdlls or patema terrS (1), 
ora (1), feWws (3 f.), &c. 

Ep. beloved, familiar, &c. 
(e) nation, gens 3 f . ; pdpulus 2 ; g^niis 

3n. 

Ep. warlike, peaceful, &c. 
(/) in plural = estate, prxdla 2 pi. ; 

jugSra 3 pi. ; fundus 2. 

Ep. wide, ancestral, &c. 

LAND, to — V. act. = to put on 
shore, expand 3; dppllco (1) ratem 
(Prop.). 

v. neut. = to disembark, 

egrMidr 3; ex^o 4, irr. ; dpplicdr 1. 

LAND — adj., terrestris, terrenus. 

LANDING — subst., dppulsus 4; 
egressus 4 (no poetical authority in 
this sense for either word). In the 
sense of approaching or permission to 
approach, aditus (4) or dccessus (4) 
may be used. 

LANDING-PLACE — subst., crepldo 
3f. 

LANDLADY— subst., copa (Verg.); 
perhaps hospita 1, caupond 1 (no good 
authority). 

LANDLESS — adj., ^genus, ?gen», 
inops, nudus. 

LAND-LOCKED— adj., perhaps rS- 
ductus, quietus, pldcidus, or phrase, ab 
dccessu ventOrum immotus. (See also 
Verg. JEn. i. 159, &c. ; and Georg. iv. 
418.) 

LANDLOED— subst. 

(a) landowner, ddminus 2 ; possessdr 
3 m. _ 

(b) landlord of an inn, caupo 3 m. (H., 
Mart). 

LANDMAKK— subst. 
(a) boundary-mark, llmSs 3 m. ; ter- 
minus 2 ; lapis 3 m. 

Ep. fixed, ancient, sacred, &c. 
(6) for sailors, perhaps turris 3 f. See 

Beacon. 

Ep. conspicuous, wished-for, &c. 

LANDSCAPE — subst., perhaps situs 
4 ; posit us 4 ; rPglo 3 f . or prospectus 4. 
Use agri 2 pi. ; terree 1 pi. ; cdmpl 
2 pi. ; mantes 3 m. pi. ; flumlnd 3 lA., 
&c. 

LANDSLIP — subst. Phr., terrm 
Idpsus (4). 

LANDWARD— adv. Phr., dd terram, 
dd Oram, &c. Often ddmum (home- 
wards). 



LANE 



( lys ) 



LAST 



LANE — subst., semitd 1 ; trdmS» 
3 ra. ; cdllls 3 m. : dngiportus 4. 

Ep. narrow, steep, shaciy, unfre- 
quf^ted, &c. 

LANOTJAGE — subat., lingua 1 ; vox 
3 f . ; sermo 3 m. 

£p. strange, familiar, barbarous, 
&c. 

LANGXTID — adj., Idnguldus, Idnguens, 
dibills, infirmus, invdlidus, iners, im- 
heUU, segfr. 

LANGUISH, to— V. neut., Idnguio 2 ; 
languesco 3 ; de/lcio 3 ; mdrcio 2 ; rS- 
IdnguSo 2 ; r^dnguesco 3 ; succldo 3. 

^LANGUISHING — adj., (of a look) 
putrls, mollis. 

LANGUOR— subst., Idngudr 3 m.; 
inertia 1 ; desldia 1 ; segnltleg 5. 

Ep. slow, feeble, growing, &c. 

LANK, LANKY— adj., mScgr, gra- 
cilis. 

LANTEEN— subst., Idterna 1 (Mart.). 
See Lamp and Torch. 

LAP — subst., grSmlum 2 ; sinus 4. 

Ep. warm, maternal, loving, &c. 

LAP, to — V. act. = to enfold, in- 
volvo 3 ; implied 1 ; cingo 3 ; circumdo 
1 ; dmblo 4 ; occupo 1 (Verg. Georg. iv. 
190). 

LAP, to — V. act. 

(a) to lick up, Idmbo 3 ; libo 1 ; de- 
llbo 1. 

(b) (of water lapping the shore), Idm- 
1)0 3 ; dlluo 3 ; mdrdSo 2. 
LAPDOG — subst., cStellUs 2 (H., 

Juv.) ; catella 1 (H., Juv.). 

Ep. wayward, spruce, &c. 

LAPPING — subst., (of waves), per- 
haps cachinnus 2 (Cat. 64, 274) ; risits 
4 ; Idpsus 4 ; dlldpsus 4. 

LAPSE — subst., IdpsUs 4 ; sometimes 
cursus 4 ; fuga 1. 

LAPWING — subst., frlngilla 1 
(Mart.). 

LAB — subst. = household god, Ldr 
3 m. 

Ep. ancient, familiar, shining, &c. 

LABBOABD — adj., Uevus, sinister. 

Phr., manus (4 f.), Iseva, sinistra. 

LASCH— subst., larix 3 f. (Lucan). 
See FiK. 

Ep. tall, green, &c. 

LAED — subst., Idrdum 2. 

Ep. fat, rich, &c. 



LABD, to — ^v. act. = to fatten. Use 

pdsco 3 ; nutrlo 4 ; old 3 ; ditd 1 ; fe- 

cundo 1. 

LAEGE— adj. 

(a) big, mdgnHs, ingens, vastus, im- 
mdnls, grdndls. 

(6) extensive, mdgnus, Idtus, vdstug, in- 
gens. 

(c) abundant, Idrgus, abunddns, Obffr, 
h?nignus, dpimus, divus, plenus, Ixtus, 
luxurldns. 

(d) at large = free, libfr, vagus. Often 
use adverb pdssim, tiin^ri. 

Phr., sln^ legS. 

LAEGE-HEAETED — adj., Unlgnus, 
Idrgus. 

LAEGELT — adv., abunde. See 
Abunuantly. 

LAEGESS — subst. = bounty, munm 
3 n. ; donum 2. 

Ep. generous, prodigal, royal, &c. 

LAEK — subst., alaudd 1 (no poetical 
authority). 

Ep. morning, soaring, tuneful, &c. 

LASCIVIOUS — adj., IdscivUs, mollis, 
prdtervHs. 

LASH — subst. 

(a) stroke, verbSr 3 n. ; ictus 4. 
Ep. repeated, blood-stained, &c. 

(b) scourge, flagellum 2 ; fldgrum 2 
(Juv., Mart.) ; lorum 2 (H., Mart.) ; 
Jiabena 1 (H.). 

Ep. terrible, twisted, uplifted, &c. 
LASH, to — V. act., verMro 1 ; feflo 
4 ; cxdo 3 ; flagello 1. 

LASS — subst., pueU& 1 ; virgo 3 f. 
Ep. tender, modest, coy, fair, &c. 
LASSITUDE — subst. ="languor, q. v. 
LAST— adj. 

(a) in point of time, ultimus, supremus, 
summus, pdstremus, ndcisslmiis, ex- 
tremus. 

(b) hindmost, ultimus, pdstremus, extre- 
mus. 

(c) lowest, imus, inflmus, minimus. 

(d) utmost, ultimus, supremus, summits, 
extremus, gracisslmus, mdxlmus. 
LAST— adv. 

(a) at last, tdndem, denlqu^, demum, 

pdstremo. 
(6) at the last, for the last time, 

extremum, supremum. 

LAST, to — V. neut. = to endure, 
duro 1 ; std 1 ; perstd 1 ; man?d 2 ; 
permanio 2 ; vivo 3 ; pirennd 1. 



LASTING 



( 199 ) 



LAVE 



LASTING— adj. 

(a) of time, diuturnus, lotigus, pSrennis, 
xternus, perpetuus, mdnsurus. 

(b) solid or durable, stabiUs, durdbilis, 
firmus, mdnsurus, immotus, iminoblUs, 
illabefuctus. 

LASTLY — adv., deniquS; perhaps 
podremo, eztremum. 

LATCH — subst. Translate by door, 
e.g. to lift the latch — to oijen the 
door. 

LATE— adj. 

(a) serus. 

(b) behindhand, sluggish, sertis, tardus, 
segnis, lentils. 

(c) Phr., late at night, multd noctS, 
ppst med'iam nOctem ; late in the day, 
suM prono, sole cadentS. 

LATE, LATELY— adv. 
(ti) nuper, mOdd, rScens (Verg.); later 
= not now, olim. 

(b) too late, serius, sero. 

(c) of late = (a). 

LATENESS — subst. Translate by 
adj., e.g. the lateness of the hour, 
eeriOr hora. 

LATENT — adj., lutens, latitdns, abdl- 
tus, celdtus, secretus, tectus, cxcus, can- 
ditus, dcci'dtus, inclsus, rScondlitis. 

LATHE— subst., tornus 2. 

Ep. recurring, swift, &c. 

LATHEE— subst. = foam, q. v. 

LATIN— adj., Latlnus, Latius, AusS- 
nius, Italus, Romdnus, Itullcus, HespS- 
rlus. 

LATTER— adj. 

(a) late, q. v. 

(b) later, postSrWr, serlor. 

(c) the latter of two persons, hie, 
dliSr. 

LATTICE — subst., perhaps cdncelll 
2 pi. ; sometimes = window, q. v. 

LAUD — subst. = praise, laus 3 f . ; 
hQndr 3 m. 

Phr., Prxconla (2 pi.) laudls. 

Ep. well-deserved, honourable, con- 
spicuous, &c. 

LAUD, to — v. act. = to praise, Imido 
1 ; collaudu 1 ; ccl^ro 1 ; hdnoro 1 ; 
tullo, irr. ; extollo, irr. 

Phr., laudibus, &c. eceho (3), tollo 
(irr.), effSro (irr.), dccSro (1), urno (1), 
augeu (2) &c. 

LAUDABLE — adj., lauddbills, lau- 



dandHs, mSmSrabllts, egrSgltis, prdbdn- 
dus. 

Phr., lauds dlgnus, laudem mSrltUs, 
&c. 

LAU6H, to — V. neut., rldeo 2 ; some- 
times renideo 2, sUbridSo 2 (to smile). 

Phr., risum or rlsus edo (3), In risum 
solvOr (3). 

LAUGH, to— V. act., (with "at") 
rld?o 2 ; derided 2 ; irridSo 2 ; ludo 3 ; 
llludo 3. [2. 

LAUGH — subst., rlsus 4 ; cacliinnus 

Ep. easy, unrestrained (sdlutus), 
feigned, joyous, &c. 

LAUGHABLE — adj., rldlculua (H., 
Juv.), rldendus, deridendus. 

Phr., rlsu dlgnus. 

LAUGHEE— subst., rlsSr 3 m. (H.) ; 
dlrlsSr 3 m. (H., Juv.). 

LAUGHING-STOCK — subst., lidi- 
brium 2 ; rlsus 4. 

Ep. miserable, foolish, &c. 

LAUGHTEE — subst., rism 4 ; cachin- 
niis 2. 

Ep. easy, unrestrained (siflutus), 
feigned, joyous, &c. 

LAUNCH, to— V. act. 
(a) of a ship, deduco 3. 
(6) to hurl, q. v. 

LAUNCH— subst. 

(a) tlie launching of a ship, use par- 
ticiple " ndcls deducts." 

(b) boat, q. v. 

LAUEEATE — adj. = crowned with 
laurel, laurigSr. 

Phr., lauru clnctus, cdrondtus, &c. 

LAUEEL — subst., laurus 2 f. ; lau- 
rSa 1. 

Ep. evergreen, triumphal, Phoebaean 
(Phcebxus, Apollindris, ApollinSus), 
Delphic {Delplucus), Parnassian {Pdr- 
ndsslus'), &c. 

LAUEEL — adj., laurgus. 

LAUEEL-CEOWNED, LAUEELLED 
— adj. See Lauueate. 

LAVA — subst. Phr., llquefdcta sdxa 
(2 pi.), llquSfdcta mdssa (1), IgnSus 
dmnls (3 m.). (Cf. Verg. Georg. i. 471 ; 
jUtieid, iii. 570, &c.) 

Lave, to — v. act. 

(a) to wash, lacd 1 and 3. 

(b) of a river laving its banks, &c. ; 
lavo 1 and 3; Idmbo 3; dlluo 3; 
mordSd 2. 



LAVER 



( 200 ) 



LEAD 



(c) to wash oflf, lavo 1 and 3 ; ablUo 3 ; 

eMo 3; purgo 1. 

LAVEB — subst., luvacrum 2 (no good 
poetical authority) ; babifum 2 ; Idhrum 
2; bdlngdlum 2 (Juv.)," l^bes 3 m. (a 
hand basin). 

Ep. broad, brazen, &c. 

LAVEROCK— subst. = lark, q. v. 

LAVISH, to— V. act. 

(a) in bad sense, prSfundo 3; effundo 
3 ; perdo 3 ; dbsumo 3. 

(b) in good sense, IdrglSr 4. 
LAVISH— adj. 

(a) in bad sense, prodXgus (H.), lux- 

Uriosus. 
(6) in good sense, prodigiis, IdrgUs, bS- 

ntgnm, ahunddns. 

LAW — subst., Ux 3 f. ; jus 3 n. ; some- 
times fcedus 3 n. 

Phr., legum edicts (2 pi.), prsecepta 
(2 pi.). [&c. 

Ep. sacred, solemn, stem, impartial, 

LAWFUL— adj. 
(o) legitimus, Justus, licttus, concessus. 

Phr., non vititus, non inconcessus. 
(h) Phr., it is lawful, fas est, licSt, 

datur. 

LAWFULLY— adv., legitime (Juv.). 
Use also juri', legS = by law. 

LAWGIVER — subst. Use legifer, 
adj. ; or phr., legum auctSr 3 m. 

LAWLESS— adj. 
(a) illegal, vStltus, inconcessus, Imper- 

missus, n^gdtiis. 

Phr., non concessus, non datus, non 
legitimus. 
(6) unrestrained by law, incontinens, 

impOtens ; sometimes impTus. 

Phr., stnS leg?, legS sdlutus, legum 
oontemptOr (3), vlSldtdr (3). Often = 
wicked, q. v. 

LAWLESSLY — adv., llcent^r (H.), 
licentius. [&c. 

Phr., sinS leg?, slnS mor?, spretd leg?, 

LAWN — subst., sdltus 4 ; vlretum 2. 
Use also csespSs 3 m. ; herba 1 ; grd- 
m?n 3 n. 

Kp. shady, grassy, dewy, upland, &c. 

LAWSUIT— subst., lis 3 f. 

LAWYER — subst., cognttdr 3 m. ; 
consultus 2. 

Phr., jwrrs pSritus (H.), jtiris consul- 
tus (H.), causdrum dctdr (3 m.), (H.). 

LAX — adj., Idxus, Idxutus, rSmissiis, 
sdiatus, fluens, rSldxdtus, indulgens. 



LAY, to — ^v. act. 

(a) pond 3. 

(6) to lay a crop, sterno 3 ; prosterno 3. 

(c) to calm, q. v. 

{d) to lay an ambush, strHo 3 ; lOco 1. 

(e) to exorcise, /i/gro 1 ; pelld 3. 

(/) to lay a wager, depono 3 ; pono 3. 

Say what wager will you lay with 

me ? = die mecum quo pignOrS certeK. 
(g)'to lay eggs, j)dnd 3 ; reddo 3 (Juv). 
(A) to lay waste, vdsto 1 ; pOpulo 1 ; 

pdpulOr 1 ; depdpulOr 1 ; desolo 1. 
(*') to lay aside, pono 3 ; depono 3 ; 

dmitto 3 ; rSlinquo 3 ; ea-wo 3. 
(j) to lay by or up, condo 3 ; cUmvlo 1 ; 

dccUmulo 1 ; serro 1. 
(/c) to lay down, depono 3 ; ][if>^^o 3 ; f/e- 

_/?c?o 3 ; demitto 3 ; sterno 3. 
(?) to lay hold of = to grasp, q. v. 
(m) to lay on = to impose (a), q. v. 
(n) to lay open = to expose, q. v. 
(o) to lay out = to exjiend, dbsumo 3. 
(p) to lay out for burial, compono 3. 
{q) to lay to heart = to consider («), 

q. V. 
(r) to lay up = to lay by (/), q. v. 

LAY — subst., nenta 1. See Song. 

LAYER— subst. 
(o) Use participle, e.g. a laj'er of earth, 

injects terra (1). 

(b) of a plant, prvpdgo 3 f. 

LAZILY — adv., igndve, igndvius 
(comp.), segnms (comp.). 

LAZINESS — Buhat, segnUIes 5; de- 
skltd 1 ; inertia 1 ; igndvia 1 ; plgrltla 
1 (Mart.) ; torpSr 3 m. ; v?ternus 2. 

Ep. disgraceful, base, unworthy (im- 
prdbus), &c. 

LAZY — adj., segnis, desSs, igndrus, 
lentus, pig?r, iners, destdiosUs, rSsSs, tar- 
dus, cessans. 

LEA — subst., campus 2 ; ag?r 2 ; prd- 
ium 2 ; Equdr 3 n. ; drea 1 ; pdscua 2 
pi. ; pldnlties 5. 

Phr., cdmpUs (2) apertus, patens, &c. 

Ep. grassy, dewy, open, level, &c. 

LEAD, to— V. act. 
(o) ddco 3. 

(b) to lead an army, duco 3 ; prsesum, 
irr. ; prxsldPo 2. 

(c) to guide, c?Mco 3 ; r^gro 3 ; dirfgo 3 ; 
guberno 1 ; mdd?rdr 1. 

Phr., dwa; swm. 

(d) to allure, q. v. 

(e) to induce (a), q. v. 



LEAD 



( 201 ) 



LEAST 



(/ ) to pass (of time, life, &c.), duco 3 ; 

ago 3 ; consumo 3 ; t?ro 3 ; traho 3 ; 

dego 3 ; exigo 3 ; agito 1. 
(g) to lead oft'=to begin, q. v. 

LEAS — subst., ductus i. Usually 
render by verb, e.g. to take the lead = 
to lead, to keep the lead, prmcurro 3 ; 
prmverto 3. 

LEAD — subst., (the metal) plumbum 
2 ; white lead, cermsa 1. 

Ep. livid, heavv, &c. 

LEADEN— adj.' 
(«) plumb^us often = heavy, q.v. 
(6) gloomy (a leaden sky), q.v. 
(c) dull (of intellect), q.v. 

LEADER — subst., dux 3 m. ; prin- 
ce ps 3 m. 

Ep. gallant, brave, intrepid, &c. 

LEAF— subst. 
(a) frons 3 f. ; fdlium 2 ; dfma 1. 

Ep. green, withered, dense, shady, 
falling, quivering, &o. 
(fe) of a door, in plural vdlvx 1. 
(c) of a book, pagtna 1. 
((Z) of metal, hractSa 1 ; lamina 1 ; 

Idmna 1. 

LEAFAGE— subst. Use plural of 
leaf : frons (3 f.) is a noun of multi- 
tude. 

LEAFLESS— atlj., infrons. 

Phr., sin? froiulS, froivlS cdrens, 
frondibm orbus, nudus, nudutus. 

LEAFY — adj., frorulosus, frondSus, 
cdmdns, frondens, mnbrosus. 

Phr., froruU, fSliis, &c. ; vtrens, 
dpertus, addpertus, Spdcus, tectus, in- 
dutus, liixuridns. 

LEAGUE — subst., fcedus 3 n. ; pac- 
tum 2 ; amicitia 1. 

Phr., pads lex (3 f), amlcitlse foedus 
(3 n), pdcil fides (5). 

Ep. firm, lasting, honourable, 
treacherous, etc. 

LEAGUE, to— V. neut. Phr., foRdus 
jingo (3), Tn?o (irr.), compdno (3), 
fMo (4), puclscdr (3), sdclo (1). 

LEAGUE — subst. = 3 miles, cannot 
be rendered literally. Use other 
phrases, e.g. I have wandered many a 
league, sum multa vagdtus ; lapis (3 m.) 
is used for a milestone and as a 
measure of distance, e.g. two leagues 
from the city, sextus ab urbS lapis. 

LEAGUED — adj., sdcldtus, junctus, 
conjurdtus, sdcltis. 



LEAK — subst., rimu 1 ; f(frdm?n 3 n. 

Ep. narrow, dangerous, not to be 
checked, &c. 

LEAK, to — V. neut , (of a ship^ 
fatlsco 3 ; lilo 1 ; apMdr 4 ; findSr 3. 

Phr., rimam ago (3), duco (3) ; aquds^ 
&c. dcclp'o (3), duco (3). 

LEAKY — adj., rimosus. 

LEAN, to — V. neut. 
(ffl) with " against," nitdr 3 ; innitffr 3 ; 

incumbo 3 ; fulclo 4. 

(b) to incline = to bend (b), q. v. 
V. act., r^clino 1 ; pond 3 ; r?- 

pono 3 ; dcclino 1 ; fulclo 4. 

LEAN — adj., macCr, gracilis. 

Phr., made confectus, turpls, de- 
forrnls, &c. 

LEANING ON— adj., dccllnls, fultus^ 
dcclindtus, nlxiis, innlxus. 

LEANNESS— subst., m&cies 5. 

LEAP, to — V. neut. 
(a) sSllo 4 ; sdlto 1. 

Phr., sdltum do (1). 
(fe) to leap up, exslllo 4; prosillo 4; 

emlco 1 ; subulllo 4 (Prop.) ; dsslllo 4. 

(c) to leap down, de^lllo 4. 

(d) to leap over, trdnsillo 4 ; sUpSro 1 
exsupSro 1 ; irdnscendo 3 (Prop.). 

(e) to leap out of bed, corpus e strdtis 
corrlplo (3). 

LEAF — subst., sdltus 4. 

Kp. rash, headlong, easy, graceful, 
bold, &c. [iii. 166. 

LEAP-YEAR— subst. See Ov. Fast. 

LEARN, to — V. act , disco 3 ; edlsco 
3 ; condl'tco 3 ; perdlsco 3 (Prop., Tib.) ; 
perclplo 3 ; dccipfo 3 ; cognoi^cd 3 ; com- 
pSrlo 4 ; rSpPrlo 4 ; to learn in addition, 
dddisco 3; to learn beforehand, prx- 
nosco 3 ; prxscisco 3 ; prEdlsco 3. 

LEARNED — adj., doctus, sapiens, 
prudens, pSrltus, cdllldiig. 

Phr., woft riidls ; drtlbus excultus, or- 
ndtiiK, imbutus, &c. 

LEARNER — subst., disdpulUs 2; 
sometimes oTidUSr 3 m. 

LEARNING — subst , doctrlnS. 1 ; 
cuftiis 4 ; often dries 3 f . pi. 

Ep. difficult, pleasing, dear to 
Minerva, &c. 

LEASH — subst., ligdm?n 3 n. ; vin- 
clum 2 ; copula 1 ; compes 3 f . (not 
used in Nom.). 

Ep. tough, twisted, &c. 

LEAST — adj., minimus, exigHisBlmU^. 



LEAST 



( 202 ) 



LESSER 



LEAST— adv. 

(a) mlnlrm, minimum. Often trans- 
late by nihil, nil, nullo modo, e.g. he 
yields not the least, nil cedit. 

(h) at least, saltern, certe. 

LEATHEE— subst., cSrlum 2. 

Ep. tougli, vellow, raw, »S:c. 

LEATHESN— adj., scorteOs. 

LEAVE— subst. 
(o) permission, v?nid 1 ; cdjjla 1 ; fdcul- 

tasZi. 

Phr., with your leave, pucS tua. 
(fc) farewell (to take leave), q. v. 

LEAVE, to— v. act. 
ifl) to quit, desSro 3; r^lnquo 3; lin- 

quo 3 ; destltuo 3 ; often ced^ 3 ; dls- 

cedo 3 = to depart, with abl. 

(b) not to take away, rSlinquo 3. 
{c) to bequeath, lego 1. 

(tZ) to give up, abandon, dbjlclo 3 ; pro- 

jiclo 3 ; ffmitto 3 ; pond 3 ; depono 3. 
{b) to leave oft" = to cease, desisto 3 ; 

dhiisto 3 ; deslno 3. See Cease, to. 
(/) to leave out = to omit, q. v. 

LEAVEN — subst., Jermeidum. 

LEAVEN, to— v. act. Use inflcto 3 ; 
imbud 3 ; tuigo 3. 

LEAVINGS— subst., reliqulse 1 pi. 

LEDGE — subst., perhaps dorsum 2. 

LEECH— subst. 
(a) hlrudo 3 f. (H.). 

Ep. thirsty, clinging, &c. 
(J)) a physician, medicus 2. 

Ep. learned, careful, &c. 

LEEK — subst., porrum 2 (H., Mart.). 

LE££ — subst. Translate by phrases, 
e.g. limis or obliquls dculis; transversa 
tuens ; prdtervis dcSlis. 

LEEB, to — V. neut., perhaps trans- 
verm tueri. See the subst. 

LEES— subst. = dregs, /«x 3 f. 

LEEWAED— adj. Phr., vento dver- 
eiis, tuiuA. 

LEFT — adj., slmstSr, Ixvits, slnls- 
tSriOr. 

LEFT-HANDED — adj. = inauspi- 
cious, q. V. 

LEG— subst. 
^o) crus 3 n. ; surd 1 (lit. csxlf). 

Ep. shapely, swift, feeble, &c. 
{}>) of a table or bed, pes 3 m. 

Ep. tirm, tottering, &c. 

LEGAL— adj., legltlmus, llcltus, con- 
eessus, Justus. 

Phr., non vStttus, non inconcessus. 



LEGATE — subst. = ambassador, li- 
gdtus 2 ; ordtdr 3 m. 

LEGEND— subst, /a/>t(M 1. 

Ep. ancient, incredible, foolish, 
famous, &c. 

LEGENDASY— adj.,/a6«Zo*f«8; often 
fictus, commentus, minddx. 

LEGIBLE — adj. Use cldrus, con- 
splcuus, perhaps l?gendus. 

LEGION— /f</('o 3 f. (See Abmy. 

Ej). armed, arraved, warlike, &c. 

LEGITIMATE— adj. = lawful, q. v. 

LEISURE— ^ubst., Otium 2 ; qutes 3 f. ; 
rSquies 3 f. At leisure, vacuus. 

Ep. peaceful, retired, slothful, &c. 

LEMAN — subst., dOmlna 1 ; Mrd 1 ; 
dmans 3 f. ; pSelld 1. 

LEND, to — V. act. 

(a) cummddd 1 ; sufficlo 3 ; prsebfo 2 ; 
ddhibed 2 ; prsesto 1 ; mutuum do 
(Cic, Mart.); utendum do (Ov. A. A. 
i. 433) ; pond 3 (Hor. Epodes 2, 70). 

(b) in such phrases as " to lend aid," 
prsesto 1, suffleio 3. See Give, to. 
To lend ear = to listen, q. v. ; lend- 
ing an ear, sometimes propensus. 
LENGTH — .subst., spdtium 2; often 

render by adj., e.g. length of time, 
tempOrd longd. 

LENGTH, at — adv., tandem, demum, 
denique. 

LENGTHEN, to — v. act., produco 3 ; 
trdlw 3 ; prof era, irr. ; extendo 3 ; pro- 
trdho 3 ; sometimes tar do 1, mOrSr 1, 
rSmdrSr 1. 

Phr., sol dupllcdt umbras (Verg.). 

V. neut., cresco 3 ; incresco 3. 

LENIENT— adj. = gentle (6), q. v. 
LENITY — subst. = gentleness, q. v. 
LENTIL— subst., Uns 3 f. 
LEOPAED— subst., partZtts 2 (Juv.). 
Ep. spotted, fierce, &c. 

LESS — adj., mln&r. 

LESS — subst., minus 3 n. 

LESS —adv., minus. 

Phr. non tarn. 

LESSEE— subst., conductor 3 m. ; pos- 
sessor 3 m. 

LESSEN, to — V. act, mXnuo 3; de- 
mlnuo 3 (Prop.) ; t^nuo 1 ; dttinuo 1 ; 
extSnuo 1. 

V. neut., decresco 3; mUiuSr 3; 

tSniiOr 1 ; deminudr 3 ; uttinuOr 1. 

LESSEE — adj. = less, mlnSr. 



LESSON 



( 203 ) 



LIBERALITY 



LESSON — subst., perhaps pensum 2 ; 
^pus 3 n. ; munus '6 n. 

Ep. tedious, unwelcome, long, diffi- 
cult, &c. 

LEST— conj., ?ie. 

LET, to — V. act. 
(«) sino 3 ; patldr 3 ; permltto 3 ; con- 

cedo 3; do 1. 

Phr., tibt pgr me lTc?t, I let you. 
(Jb) to let alone, rSlinqm 3. 

(c) to let out for hire, Idco 1. 

(d) to let down, demitto 8 ; depono 3. 

(e) to let go, let out, let slip, rSmltto 3 ; 
dlmitto 3 ; rSUnquo 3. 

(J) to let be = to leave off, desino 3 ; 

deslsto 3 ; dhsisto 3. iSee Cease, to. 
(gf) to let in = to admit (a), q. v. 
(Ji) to let off, soZtJo 3 ; dbsolvo 3 ; lihSro 

1 ; excuso 1 ; purgo 1 . 

V. act. = to hinder, q. v. 

LETHAL— adj. = deadly (a), q. v. 

LETHARGY — subst., vgternus 2 ; 
torpdr 3 m. 

Ep. deadly, senile, slow, &c. 

LETHEAN — adj. = causing forget- 
fulness, Lethasus, dblivlosus. 

LETTER— subst. 
(a) of the alphabet, litSra 1 ; sometimes 

ndta 1. 
(6) an epistle, lit^ra 1 ; gpistdla 1 ; 

charts 1 ; scrlpta 2 pi. ; sometimes 

tabeUie 1 pi. ; tidtie 1 pi. ; cerx 1 pi. 

Ep. wordy, secret, welcome, bringing 
news, &c. 

LETTERED— adj = learned, q. v. 

LETTUCE — subst., lactuca 1 (H., 
Mart.). 

Ep. fresh, crisp, &c. 

LEVEL — adj., sequus, ISvls, planus, 
tequutm. 

LEVEL, to— V. act. 

(a) sequo 1 ; exsequo 1 (Juv.). 

(b) to overthrow, diruo 3; everto 3; 
deled 2. 

Phr., sdlo or humo sequo (1) ; some- 
times rtio 3. 

(c) to aim, libro 1 ; dlr'tgo 3 ; Undo 3. 
LEVEL — subst. = level ground, 

planttJes 5; campus 2; planum 2. 

|r! LEVERET— subst. Use /?^us 3 m., 

with epithets such as tenSr. 

LEVIATHAN — subst., perhaps bd- 
lasna 1 (whale), bellua 1. 

Ep. huge, sea-traversing, foaming, 
&c. 



LEVIN — subst. = lighting, fulgur 
3 n. ; fulmlfn 3 n. 

Ep. gleaming, sudden, hurled, &c. 

LEVITy — subst. = inconstancy, m- 
constdntia 1 ; mobllltas 3 f. ; ISvltds 
3f. 

Phr., mens (3 f.), ISvis; versa sen- 
tentia (1), &c. [&c. 

Ep. fickle, changeable, treacherous, 

LEVY, to— V. act. 
(a) (of troops) dccTo 4 ; drcesso 3 ; con- 

vdc5 1 ; cogo 3 ; vdco 1 ; ddvdco 1 ; 

compello 3 ; gldmffro 1. 
(6) (of war) = to wage, g^ro 3 ; mdv^o 

2 ; ciSd 2 ; paro 1 ; dccendo 3 ; infSro, 

irr. ; indico 3 ; ?n#o, irr. ; Idcesso 3. 
(c) (of tribute) jjosco 3 ; exigo 3 ; pos- 

tulo 1 ; deposed 3 ; exposed 3 ; colligo 

3 ; coj/o 3. 

LEVY — subst. (of troops) = band (a), 
q. V. 

LEWD— adj. 
(a) ignorant, q. v. 
(6) dissolute, bad, or impure, q. v. 

LIABLE — adj., with " to," obnoxTus. 

LIAR — subst., menddx 3 m. Usually 
render by adj., e.g. fdlldx, fdlsus, per- 
fidus, dOlosus, subddlus, perjurus. 

Phr., fdndi fictOr (3 m.); fdllSrS 
doctus, &c. 

LIBATION— subst., libdm^n 3. 

Phr., to pour a libation, libo (1) or 
/undo (3) vinum (2), mSrum (2), Idtices 
(3) LpseoSf Idc, 3 n., &c. ; or cdlices,pdculS, 
cdrchesla, pdtSrds, &c. ; llbo (1) is also 
used absolutely : Hoc pdtSr JEneds auro 
libdbdt, from this golden goblet -^neas 
poured a libation. 

Ep. sacred, customary, first, last, 
&c. 

LIBEL, to — v. act. = to attack with 
lampoons. See Lampoon. 

LIBEL — subst., dpprijbrXum 2. 

LIBELLOUS — adj., fdmosus, criml- 
nostis, prSbrosus. 

LIBERAL— adj. 

(a) of liberal birth, genSrosus, nobilis. 
Phr., stirpS, sdnguin?, &c. ; cldrus, 

illustrls, &c. 

(b) generous, Idrgus, Mnlgnus, muni- 
ficus. 

LIBERALITY — subst. = bounty, de- 
mentia 1 ; bdnttds 3 f. 
Phr., Idrgd mdnus (4 f.). 



LIBERALLY 



( 204 ) 



LIGHT 



LTBESALLT — adv., large, Mnigne, 
abunde ; sometimes sat, satis. 

Phr., Mnigno, largo, plena, &c. ; 
comu, &c. 

LIBEBATE, to— v. act. = to free, 
libSro 1 ; solvo 3 ; expSdio 4 ; ezpllco 1 ; 
exinw 3; vlndico 1. 

LIBEBATOB— subst., servdtdr 3 m. ; 
vindex 3 m. 

Ep. brave, honourable, &c. 

LIBEKTINE— subst., ngpos 3 m. 

LIBERTY— subst. 

(a) libertds 3 f. 

Ep. sacred, wished-for, dear-bought, 
&c. 

(b) leave, v^nla 1 ; copla 1 ; facultds 
3f. 

LIBBABY — subst., hiblldthecd 1 
(Mart.). A public library, express by 
reference to the temple of Apollo on 
the Palatine hill. 

Ep. full, shadv, silent, &c. 

LICENSE— subst. 
(a) leave, vSriia 1 ; copXa 1 ; facultds 

3f. 
(6) licentiousness, ItcentTS 1. 

LICENTIOUS — adj., impudicus, prS- 
terviis, prdcdx, invirecujidus, impurus, 
immundus, incestUs. 

LICHEN— subst. Use muscus 2. 

Ep. yellow, creeping, &c. 

LICK, to — V. act. 
(a) Idmho 3. 
(6) to lick up = to devour, q. v. 

LICTOB — subst., llct&r 3 m. ; some- 
times sdtelUs 3 m. 

LID — subst. 
(o) Use cover, tegm?n 3 n. ; t^glmfn 

3 n. ; perhaps testu 4 n. (abl. ; Ov. 

Fast. v. 510). 
(6) eyelid. Use pdlpebrd 1 (Lucret.). 

LIE — subst., menddcUtm 2 ; c&m- 
mentum 2 ; often use perfidia 1 ; per- 
jurid 2 pi. 

Ep. base, treacherous, vain, &o. 

LIE, to — V. neut. = to tell lies, 
mentiSr 4. 

Phr., menddcld, &c. ; ISquOr (3), flngo 
(3), jdcto (1), profSro (irr.). So fdhd 
or non vera, &c. ; Idqudr 3, in^mdro 1, 
/idem fdllo, 3. 

LIE, to — V. neut. 
(a) jdc?o 2 ; sternSr 3 ; cubo 1 ; dccubo 

1 ; rScuho 1 ; rScumbo 3 ; procumbo 3 ; 

incubo 1 ; incumbo 3. 



(&) to lie by = to rest, qulesco 3 ; r?- 
qutesco 3 ; rSsldSo 2. 

(c) to lie down, stemGr 3 ; r?cumbo 3 ; 
procumbo 3. 

Phr., me pono (3), sterno (3). 

(d) to lie in wait, in ambush, instdldr 1. 

(e) to lie near, dccubo 1 ; ddjdc^o 2 ; 
dccumbo 3. 

(/) to lie upon, Incubo 1; incumbo 3; 

urgSo 2. 

LIEF — adv = willingly. 

Phr., I had as lief = I had rather, 
mdlo, irr. 

LIE6E-L0BD — subst. = lord, d6mX- 
nus 2 ; h^rus 2 ; rex 3 m. See Lohd. 

Ep. high-born, proud, benignant, &c. 

LIEGEMAN — subst. = subject, ser- 
vus 2 ; cliens 3 m. ; sometimes fdmUlua 
2 ; sdtelUs 3 m. and f. 

Ep. loyal, grateful, humble, &c. 

LIEUTENANT— subst. 
(a) deputy, legdtus 2. 
(6) subaltern. Use centurlo 3 m. (H.). 

LIFE— subst. 
(a) vita 1 ; dnimd 1 ; spiritus 4 ; some- 
times caput 3 n. 

Ep. short, fleeting, uncertain, &c. 
(6) lifetime, vita 1 ; dnm 2 pi. ; xtds 

3 f. ; tevum 2. 

Phr., vitse spatlum 2. 
(c) to the life. Use ips?. 

LIFEBLOOB — subst. -See Blood. 

LIFEBOAT — subst. Use boat with 
epithet, e.g. auddx, sdlutifSr, pfricli 
securm, &c. 

LIFE-GIVING — adj., dlmus, vltdlls. 

LIFELESS— adj. 
(o) dead (a), q. v. 
(6) spiritless, ImbeUls, Inutllis, iners, 

pigfr. 

LIFELIKE — adj., perhaps verus, or 
use ips?, e.g. a lifelike image = ipslus 
Imago (3). 

LIFETIME— subst. = life (b), q. v. 

LIFT, to — V. act., tollo 3, irr.; ex- 
toUo, irr. ; dttollo, irr. ; erlgo 3 ; Uvo 1 ; 
sublSvo 1 ; effSro, irr. ; m6v?o 2. 

LIGHT, to— V. neut. 
(a) to alight, sido 3 ; cormdo 3 ; in- 

sido 3. 

Phr., terram cdplo (3), I alight on 
the earth. 

(6) from a carriage or horse, descendo 
3 ; disilto 4. 



LIGHT 



( 205 ) 



LIMB 



(c) to light on, 1 = to find (a), q. v. 

2 = to strike, fSrlo 4 ; percutto 3. 

LIGHT— subst. 
(a) lux 3 f. ; lumSn 3 n. ; often dies 5 m. f . 

Ep. bright, dim, certain, uncertain, 
abundant, scanty, &c. 
(fe) often a lamp, lucerna 1 ; Idmpas 3 f. ; 

fmda 1 ; fax 3 f. ; funalS 3 n. ; lych- 

nus 2. 

Ep. burning, shining, kindled, &c. 
(c) Phr., to bring to light = to disclose, 

q. V. 
{d) to come to light = to appear, q. v. 

LIGHT— adj. = bright, q. v. 

LIGHT, to — V. act. 
((() to kindle, dccendo 3 ; incendo 3 ; 

succendo 3 ; uro 3 ; aduro 3 ; crSmo 1 ; 

Infiammo 1. 
Q)) to illuminate, illustro 1. 

Phr., lucem, &c. ; do (1) fgro (irr.) ; 
lumTnff, radlis, &c. ; perfundo (3), rS- 
plCo (2), spdrgo (3), &c. Cf., too, Ov. 
Fast. i. 77, Fldmma nitorS sud templo- 
rum rerMrat aurum. 

LIGHT— adj. 

(a) not heavy, Z^?;r8. 
Phr., non gravis. 

(jb) easy, lffvis,factlTs. 

Phr., now difftcllls, non durus, non 
dpS'rosus, &c. 

(c) light armed, vel^s 3 (eubst.). 
(ri) active, agllis, livis, gndvus, dcSr, 

c^Sr, strenuus, impigSr, pernix. Of 

breezes, l^vts, agltdhllis. 
(e) fickle, iSvTs, mobiUs, mutdbilis, in- 

stabilix, viconstdns. 

LIGHTEN, to— V. act. 
(rt) Uvo 1 ; rSlSvo 1 ; exdnSro 1. [2. 

(6) to cheer, recrSo 1 ; hilaro 1 ; mtUcSo 
(o) to light (6), q. v. 

LIGHTEN, to— v. neut. 
(rt) used impersonally, /MZwitjiaf 1. 

(b) used personally, /uZjnrjto 1 ; tdno 1. 
LIGHT-FOOTED— adj., dlipes. Use 

also Z^'vi's, c^/er, pernix. 

LIGHT-HEAKTED— adj. = gay, hila- 
rls, fe»tus, Jsetm, gSnidlls, Svdns. 

LIGHTHOUSE— subst. See Beacon. 

LIGHTLESS— adj. = dark, q. v. 

LIGHTLY— adv. 

(a) iSvitSr, lenltSr, mollitgr, also the 
comparatives, ISvtus, lenlus, mollius. 

(b) easily, facilS. 

Phr., non eegre, in prmnptu. 

(c) gaily, Ixte, gSnldlltSr. 



(d) rashly, carelessly, tPmSrS, ISvitSr; 

to think lightly of, negllgo 3 (Hor. 

Od. i. 28, 30). 

LIGHT-MINDED— adj. 
(a) lighthearted, q. v. 
(h) frivolous, q. v. 

LIGHTNESS— subst. 
(a) levltds 3 f. 
(6) inconstancy, Inconstdntiu 1 ; levltds 

3 f. ; mdbllltas 3 f. 

Phr., mens iSvis. 

LIGHTNING— subst., fulgiir 3 n. ; 
fuJgdr 3 m. ; fulmSn 3 n. ; Ignes 3 m. pi ; 
fldmmx 1 pi. ; fax 3 f. ; faces 3 f. pi. 

Ep. heavenly, sudden, dreadful, 
livid, &c. 

LIGHTSOME— adj. = gay, q. v. 

LIKE — adj., slmllls, dsslmllis, parl- 
Its. Sometimes pdr, xquus, Equdlls. 
More often translate by adv., e.g. vglUt, 
vdutl, ut, ceu, e.g. like a_ bird, avi sim- 
llls, or vgJut digs, ceu vdlucrls, &c. Also 
use morg, rltu, mddo, de morg, or instdr 
with genitive case, e.g. morg vUlucrls, 
instdr avis. 

LIKE — adv., vglut, vglQti, ut, ceu, qud- 
litgr, hand alltgr. 

LIKE, to — V. act. 
(a) to love, amo 1 ; dilTgo 3 ; cuplo 3. 
(6) to prefer, maid, irr., ellgo 3 ; deligo 

3 ; opto 1 ; dntgfgro, irr. ; prxfgrd, irr. ; 

prseporu) 3 ; dntgpono 3. 

LIKELY— adj. 
(a) probable, credibllis. 
lb) Phr., he is likely to die, &c., mdrl- 

bundus est, mdriturus est ; he is likely 

to go, Ituriis est. 

LIKELY — adv., phr., nisi fdlldr = 
unless I am mistaken. 

LIKE-MINDED — adj., unanimus, 
concors. 

LIKEN, to — V. act. = to compare, 
q. V. 

LIKENESS— subst. = image (a) and 
(6), q. V. 

LIKEWISE— adv., gt, gtlam, qudqug. 

Phr., haud alltgr, non minus, hmid 
sgciis, &c. 

LIKING — subst., cupido 3 f. ; am/Sr 

3 m. I have a liking = I like, q. v. 
LILY — subst., lillum 2 ; perhaps iris 

8f. 

Ep. silvery, spring, white, &c. 
LIMB — subst., membra 2 pi. ; drtus 

4 pi. 



LIMBER 



( 206 ) 



LIQUID 



Ep. manly, stalwart, slender, feeble, 
cold, muscular, supple, &c. 

LIMBEK-adj. = flexible, q. v. 

LIME— subst. 
(rt) calx 3 f. (Lucret.) ; perhaps limUs 2 

(lit. mud). 

IJp. dry, white, hot, &c. 
(6) birdlime, mscus 2. 

Ep. sticky, treacherous, &c. 
(c) the tree so called, ttJia 1. 

Ep. leafy, light, summer, &c. 

LIME, to — V. act. = to ensnare, UlS- 
qu?d 1. 

Phr., insidias paro (1), moliSr (4), 
statud (3), striio (3), &c. ; (of catching 
birds) vlxcofdllo (3). 

LIMED— adj., of a twig, vlncatm. 

LIMESTONE— subst., cdlx, 3 f. 

LIMIT— subst. 
(^a) finis 3 m. and f. ; mddus 2 ; termi- 
nus 2 ; confinla 2 pi. ; sometimes meta 

1 ; limes 3 m. ; lapis 3 m. 

Ep. last, long-sought, desired, cer- 
tain, &c. 

(b) barrier, clcmstra, 2 pi. 
Ep. solid, impassable, &c. 

LIMIT, to — V. act., finlo 4; claudo 
3 ; includo 3 ; clrcumdo 1 ; cingd 8 ; 
Sep to 4. 

LIMITED — adj., finitug. Often = 
small, q. v. 

LIMITLESS — adj., immensus. 

Phr., sln^ fin^, «<«^ ftnibus, finS ca- 
rens, &c. 

LIMN, to — V. act. = to paint, q. v. 

LIMNEB — subst. = painter, q. v. 

LIMP, to — V. neut., claudico 1. 

LIMP — adj., lentils, laxus, sOlutUs, rS- 
missus, fluidus. 

LIMPET— subst., Upas 3 f. (Plant.). 

LIMPID— adj. = clear (c), q. v. 

LIMPING- — adj., claudiis, claudicdns. 

LINDEN — subst. = lime, tllia 1. 

LINE— subst. 
(a) lin?a 1. 

Ep. straight, curved, &c. 
(6) fisherman's line, linum 2; llnSa 1 

(Mart.). 

Ep. wet, treacherous, &c. 

(c) in the face, perhaps ndtx 1 pi. ; 
rugse 1 pi. 

Ep. conspicuous, senile, &c. 

(d) a line of poetry, versus 4. 
Ep. stately, eloquent, &c. 



(e) a line of soldiers, ordo 3 m. ; Scieg 

5 ; series 5. Of trees, «S:c., versus 4. 

Ep. straight, splendid, &c. 
(/) race, ddmus 2 and 4 f. ; gem 3 f. ; 

stirps 3 f . ; genus 3 n. ; series 5 ; 

sanguis 3 m. See Ancestors and 

Descendants. 

Ep. ancient, proud, &c. 

LINE, to — V. act. = to garrison, 
firmo 1 ; munio 4 ; cingo 3. 

LINEAGE— subst. = line (/), q. v. 

LINEAL — adj. (descendant). Use 
veriis. 

LINEN — subst., lintSum (Mart.); 
linum 2. 

LINEN — adj., cdrhas^us, Itn^us. 

LINEN-CLAD— adj., liniggr. 

LING — subst. = heather, ^rice 3 f. 
(no poetical authority). 

Ep. purple, mountain, &c. 

LINGEE, to — V. neut., mdrdr 1; 
cesso 1 ; heereo 2 ; cunct&r 1 ; manPu 2. 

Phr., mOrx indulg^o (2) ; mSrds necto 
(3) ; sfro (3), &c. 

LINGEKEE — subst., cessatSr 3 m. 
(H.). 

LINGERING— subst. = delay, q. v. ' 

LINGERING — adj., Ihitus,' tardus^ 
m^rdns. 

LINE — subst. = chain, q. v. 

LINE — subst. = a torch, q. v. 

LINE, to — V. act. = to join, q. v. ; 
necto 3 ; connecto 3 (H.) ; jungo 3 ; con- 
jungo 3 ; l7gd 1 ; s8cid 1 ; consScio 1. 

LINNET— subst., /rin<)fi?/a 1 (Mart.). 

Ep. woodland, tuneful, &c. 

LINSEED— subst., linum 2. 

LION— subst., U6 3 m. 

Ep. savage, bristling, grim, glaring, 
bloody, &c. 

LIONESS— subst., ISa 1 ; imnd 1. 

LIONHEARTED— adj. = brave, q. v. 

LIONLIEE — adj. = brave, q. v.; or 
turn literally. 

LIP— subst. 

(a) labrum 2; labellum 2. Often use 
o« 3 n. ; gSnee 1 pi. ; oscula 2 pi. 

Ep. rosy, purple, soft, maiden, &c. 
(6) edge, mdrgo 3 m. and f. 

LIQUEFY, to— v. act. and neut. = 
to melt, q. v. 

LIQUID— adj. 
(o) liquidus, llqtiens- 

(b) clear, q. v. 



LIQUOR 



( 207 ) 



LOADSTONE 



LIQTTOB — subst., llquHr 3 m. ; latex 
3 m. ; humdr 3 m. Often = wine, q. v. 

Ep. clear, fresh, sparkling, &c. 

LISP, to — V. act., hdlhutio i (H.). 
(See, too, Ov. Her. viii. 91, 92.) 

LISP — subst., phr. vox (3 f.) hlae^a ; 
lingua (1) hlxsa or incertu. 

LISPING — adj., bl^sus. Sometimes 
innertux (Ov. Her. viii. 92). 

LISSOME— adj. = flexible, q. v. 

LIST, to — V. n. See Like, to, 2. 

LIST — subst. = catalogue, sSrles 5 ; 
ordo 3 m. 

LISTS — subst. = place of combat, 
Srena 1. 

Ep. empty, midmost, thronged, &c. 

To enter the lists, certo 1. 

Phr., certam?n Ineo, irr. 

LIST,_ LISTEN, to— v. act. (with 
" to "), audio 4 ; dcc'rpio 3. 

Phr., aurS hiho 3 (lit. to drink in 
ear) ; aurem or aure>i ddfSro, irr. ; jrrm- 
hSo 2 ; accdmmddo 1 ; intendo 3 ; aurS 
or aurlbus dccipio 3 ; cdpto 1 ; haurio i. 
Imperative, list ! ddvert?. 

LISTENEK— subst., audltdr 3 m. 

Ep. tired, impatient, eager, &c. 

LISTLESS — adj., iners, Idnguidus, 
vacuus. 

LITHE— adj. = flexible, flexilig, flexX- 
hilts, lentus, mollis, rSs6luhlUs (Verg. 
Culex.) 

LITIGIOUS— adj., lUXgldsiis. 

LITTER— subst. 

(a) a palanquin, lectica 1 ; sella 1 
(Mart., Juv.) ; lectlciila 1 (Mart.) ; 
hexaphdrum 2 (Mart.). 

Ep. womanish, soft, Eastern, &c. 

(b) straw, q. v. 

(c) brood, q. v. 
LITTLE— adj. 

(rt) pdrvus, brgvis, extgiiiis. 

(b) Phr., little by little; paulldtim, 
sensim. 

(c) for a little while, paullispgr,parum- 
pSr. 

(d) a little = somewhat, nesctd-quTd, 
aliquid, paullum, exiguum 2. 

(e) not a little, i.e. much, multum, 
magnum. 

(/) too little, parum, minus. 

LIVE, to— V. neut. 
(a) vivo 3; splro 1. 

Phr., vitam or sevum ago 3 ; agtto 1 ; 
duco 3 ; vita or lucS fru&r 3 ; vitdles 



auras duco 3 ; cdrpo 3 ; aura vitdli vescffr 

3 ; diem vld?d 2 ; dsptcio 3, &c. 

(6) to dwell, liabito 1 ; man?o 2 ; mdrdr 
1 ; rSmanPo 2. Generally use tran- 
sitive verb, e.g., cUlo 3 : incSlo 3 ; 
t?n?o 2; frSquento 1 ; cSlebro 1. 
LIVE — adj., spirdns, vivus, vivens. 
LIVELIHOOD — subst., victus 4. 

Sometimes cibus 2 ; aliments 2 pi. 
Ep. scanty, hard-earned, sufficient, 

&c. 

LIVELONG— adj. 

(a) tedious, lentus, tdrdUs, mSrdns, lon- 
gus, diuturnus, pig^r, iners. 

Phr., nox 3 f. ; quam longa! = the 
livelong night, or nox quanta fuit. 

(b) lasting, diuturnus, longus, per- 
petuus, pSrennis, seternus, mdnsurus. 
LIVELY— adj. 

(a) brisk, v?g?tus (H.), agtlis, Sldc^Vy 

dcSr, strenuus, impigSr, gndvus. 
(6) gay, q. v., hildrls, festus, Imtiis, 

g?nidlis. 

LIVER— subst., y^ciir 3 n. 

Ep. angry, full of bile, &c. 

LIVERY — subst. No Latin equiva- 
lent. Use dress, or badge, or substitute 
another idea, e.g., to wear a person'a 
livery = to be a servant or follower. 

LIVID — adj., lividus, livens; some- 
times nigSr, ntgrdns. 

LIVING — adj., vliius, spirdns, vividu». 

LIVING— subst. = livelihood, q . v. 

LIZARD — subst., lacerta 1 ; lacertus 
2 ; stellio 3 m. 

Ep. green, agile, loving sun, &c. 

LO ! — interj., en ! eccS! dspicS! vidSn I 
= videsni {do you see). 

LOAD— subst. 

(a) burden, dnus 3 n. ; pondUs 3 n. ; 
sdrcina 1 ; fdscis 3 m. 

Ep. heavy, imjMsed, unjust, rich, &c. 

(b) cargo, ffnus 3 n. ; pondus 3 n. ; 
merx 3 f . 

(c) of a waggon, 8nus 3 n. ; pondus 3 n. 
LOAD, to — V. act., SnSro 1 ; gravo 1 ; 

degravo 1 ; prsegravo 1 (H.) ; pr^mo 3. 

Phr., dniis impdno 3 ; injiclo 3; SnSrS 
or molf urg^o 2 ; fatigo 1. 

LOADSTAR— subst. Use Cpndsura 1. 
Often = beacon, and may be rendered 
by lux 3 f. ,• fdx 3 f. ; fulgffr 3 m. 

Ep. bright, wakeful, guiding, &c. 

LOADSTONE — subst. = magnet,. 
mdgnes 3 m. (Prop.). 



LOAF 



( 208 ) 



LOXGIKG 



LOAT — subst. Use pdnU 3 m. 
Ep. baked, coarse, fine, &c. 
LOAU — subst., drgilla 1 ; lutum 2 ; 
^leba 1 ; creta 1. 

Ep. dense, fertile, moist, &c. 

LOAMY — adj., cretoms. 

LOAN — subst., mutua 2 pi. ; properly 
an adj. with sestirtia (H., Mart.). Cf., 
too, Ov. A. A.i. 433. 

LOATHE, to — V. act. = to abhor, 
vdi defect ; dvensdr 1 ; dete^Uir 1 ; aho- 
mindr 1 ; fadulio 4 ; respuo 3 ; sperno 3. 

LOATHING— subst. = disgust, fds- 
tidlum 2 ; ttedtum 2 ; Sdium 2 ; con- 
temptus 4. 

Ep. proud, great, &c. 

LOATHLY, LOATHSOME — adj., in- 
vl»uit, detestdtiis, ddid!>iiit, Tnamdbilig, 
Umnioenus, obscenus, foRdus, turpts, im- 
mundus, impurus, ietSr, contumindtus. 

LOATHESOMENESS— subst., squalor 
3 m. ; sordes 3 f. pi. ; illuvles 5. 

Ep. foul, ugly, &c. 

LOBBY — subst., ventibulum 2. 

LOCH — subst. = lake, q. v. 

LOCK— subst. 
(a) of hair. See Curl. Cften substi- 
tute hair. 
{b) of a door. Substitute bar, q. v. ; 

sometimes key, q. v. 

LOCK, to — V. act. Substitute to bar, 
q. V. 

LOCKET — subst. Perhaps mOnile 
S n. ; sometimes pignus 3 n. 

Ep. jewelled, precious, dear, &c. 

LOCIJST — subst., Idcusta 1 (no good 
poetical authority) ; gryllus 2 (no 
poetical authority). 

Ep. summer, chirping, dry, &c. 

LODE — subst. = vein of metal, 
vena 1. 

LODGE, to — ^v. act. = to entertain, 
q. V. 

V. neut. 

(a) to dwell, q. v. 

•(6) of a missile, e.g., the spear lodged 

in his side, Jixr^ 2 ; figSr 3 ; man?d 

2 ; sto 1, &c. ; or use a different 

metaphor, e.g. haurlo 4, to drain the 

blood ; or see Pierce, to ; Strike, 

TO, &c. 

LODGE — subst. = cottage, q. v. 

LODGING — subst. Use hospitium 2 ; 
<l8mus 2 and 4 f. ; sometimes latehrse 
1 pi. ; perfuglum 2. 



Ep. peaceful, humble, unworthy, sor- 
did, kc. 

LOFT — subst. = hay-loft, fanilld 
3 pi. 

LOFTY— adj. 
(a) high, (a), (fc), (c), q. v. 
(6) haughty, q. v. 

LOG — subst., lignum 2. Sometimes 
stipSs 3 m. ; tr Uncus 2. 

Ep. dry, woodland, solid, heavy, &c. 

LOIN — subst., Zumfctfg 2; renes 3 m. pi. 

Ep. robust, firm, &c. 

LOITEE, to — V. neut., cesso 1 ; vaco 
1 ; otldr 1 (H.); nugdr 1 (H.); vagdr 1 ; 
dMd?o 2 (Mart.). [(H.). 

LOITEKEE— subst., cessatdr 3 m. 

Ep. idle, worthless, &c. 

LONE— adj. 
(a) alone, q. v. 
(6) widowed, bereft, vlduus, vidGdtus, 

orbus, urbdtuit. 

LONELY, LONESOME — adj., de- 
sertus, incihnitdtus, solus, secretSs, rS- 
ductus. 

Phr., nUllo cdmltdnt?, nullis cSmltdn- 
tibas. 

LONG— adj. 
(a) of space, longus. 
(fe) of time, longUs, dluturnUs, longin- 

quSs. 

(c) Phrase, a long way off, prdcul, 
longe. 

(d) a long time ago, jdmpridem, dudum, 
jdmdudum. 

(e) for a long time, dtu. 
(/) too long (of time). 

Phr., nimiiim or nlmis dlu. Often 
= too much, nimlum or nlmls. 

LONG — adv., (7r«. Of sound, trdctim 
(Verg. Georg. iv. 260). 

Phr., long ago, for long, &c. See 
above. Comparative longer, dmpliUs, 
plus, Idngius, usually with negative, no 
longer, non plus, non jam, non dmpllus, 
non lorufius. 

LONG, to— V. act. with " for." 
(a) to desire, q. v. 
(h) to regret the loss of, desidSro 1 ; 

r?qmro 3. 

LONG-HAIEED— adj., intansils, Inde- 
tonsus, crinitiis, capilldtus (Mart.), 
cGmdnf, cSmdtus. 

LONGING— subst. 
(a) desire, q. v. 
(6) regret, desiderXum 2. 



LONGING 



( 209 ) 



LORD 



adj. 



See Eager, 



L0N0IN6 

Anxious. 

LONGINGLY— adv. 

(n) eagerly, q. v. 

(Ja) regretfully, perhaps mEdum, fle- 

hil?,flehllltgr. 

LONGLIVED— adj. _ 

(a) rirax. Often lon^xviis, grdndsevus, 
dnnosus. 

(b) lasting, q. v. 
LONGSUFFERING — adj. = patient, 

q. V. 

LOOK, to — V. act. & neut. 
(a) to look at, vld^o 2 ; speeto 1 ; cerno 

3 ; aspicio 3 ; conspicid 3 ; tMdr 2 ; 

intu?&r 2 ; cdntempl6r 1 ; prosplclo 3 ; 

ddspecto 1 ; »p?culdr 1. 
(h) to look about one, circumsplclo 3; 

also to look about for or on. 

Phr., dculos, lumina, &c., circumfSro, 
irr. Often = to be watchful, vlgllo 1. 

(c) to look after = to care for, q. v. 

(d) to look back, resplcio 3 ; respecto 1. 
Phr., dcUlos, &c. ; verto 3 ; converto 3. 

(e) to look for, 1 = to expect, q. v. ; 
2 = to seek, q. v. 

(/) to look into = to examine, ezploro 

1. 
{g) to look on, 1 = to consider, q. v. ; 

2 = to be a spectator, speeto 1. 

Phr., sum or udsum spectator 3 ; tes- 
tis 3 ; arbiter 2. All Abydos was look- 
ing on, in speculis omnls AhydOs Srat 
(Ov. Her. xviii. 12). 

(h) to look to. 

Phr., I look to you for help. See 
Expect, to. 

(0 to look up to = to honour (a), q. v. 
(Ji) = to appear, q. v. ; videSr 2 ; ap- 

pdrifo 2. 

LOOK — interj., en, eccS, dsptcS, vldSn 
(_=videsnS, do you see). 

LOOK— subst. 
(a) vultus 4 ; spPcies 5. 

Phr., habitus i ; oris. Often mention 
particular features, e.g. a look of fear = 
pale cheeks ; a look of rage = tiaming 
eye, &c. 

Ep. grim, cheerful, proud, anxious, 
&c. 
(6) act of looking, dspectus 4 ; obtut&s 4 ; 

msUs 4. Often 6culi 2 pi. ; lumtna 

3 pi. 

Ep. fixed, unmoved, &c. 



LOOKING-GLASS— subst. Use spe- 
culum 2. 
Ep. polished, womanly, metal, &c. 
LOOK-OUT— subst. 

(a) prospect, prospectus 4 ; vlsUs 4. 
Ep. wide, various, &c. 

(b) = watch. Use excubise 1 pi. 
Ep. wakeful, nightly, &c. 

(c) Phr., to keep a look-out, vtglld 1 ; 
excubo 1. 

Phr., excubXds Sgo 3. 

(d) a look-out, i.e. a place of observa- 
tion, specula 1. 

Ep. lofty, mountain, &c. 

LOOM— subst., tela 1 (lit., the cloth 
woven). 

LOOM, to — V. neut. = to appear in- 
distinctly. Use to appear with adverbs, 
e.g. prdcul, Idnge, vix, mdlS, incerte, 
sometimes p^r n^bulds, umbram, tSne- 
brds, &c. Often = to impend, q. v. 

LOOP — subst., Ucia 2 pi. ; Idqu^us 2. 

Ep. twisted, fine, &c. 

LOOSE, to— V. act. 
(a) to untie, solvo 3 ; rSsolvo 3 ; Idxo 1 ; 

rSldxo 1 ; extrlco 1 ; explico 1 ; ex- 

p^dio 4 ; a girdle, &c., rSclngo 3. 
(h) to free, llbSro 1 ; solvo 3 ; exXmo 3 ; 

extrico 1 ; expSdio 4. 
(c) to loose the reins, do 1 ; rSmitto 3 ; 

Idxo 1. 

Phr., Idxds darS habends. 

LOOSE, to — V. neut. = to set sail. 

Phr., vela solvo 3; vela do 1 ; or use 
pro/iciscor 3 ; abgo, irr. ; discedo 3. 

LOOSE— adj. 

(a) unbound, Idxus,' sdlutus, rSsdlutUs, 
Idxdtus, rSmlssus, libSr. 

(b) of hair, pdssus, fluens, sdlutus, effu- 
sus. 

(c) = wanton, q. v. 

(d) Phr., to break loose, erumpo 3 ; pro- 
rumpo 3 ; prosllio 4. 

(e) to let loose = to loose, q. v. 
LOOSEN, to — V. act. = to loose, 

q. V. 

LOP, to — V. act., puts 1 ; dmputo 1 ; 
rScldo 3. See Cut, to (a). 

Phr., fdlcS prSmo 3 ; tondSo 2. 

LOQUACIOXTS— aflj., Idqudx, gdrrulus. 

LOQUACITY— subst., gdrrulltds 3 f. 

Phr., Idqudx lingua 1. 

LORD— subst. 
(a) dOminus 2 ; hSrus 2 ; often = king, 

rex m. ; redtSr 3 m. ; dux 3 m. ; dr- 



LORD 



( 210 ) 



LOVE-KNOT 



bit^r 2 ; tyranrms 2 ; regnaUSr 3 m. ; 

princeps 3 m. 

Ep. proud, high-born, warlike, &c. 

(b) husband, dffinlnus 2; vlr 2; marl- 
tiis 2 ; cdnjux 3 m. ; sponsus 2. 

Ep. loving, loyal, &c. 

(c) owner, ddmlnus 2 ; possessSr 3 m. 
LOBD, to — V. neut., dOmindr 1 ; 

superhio 4. 

Phr., mi jdcto 1. 
LORDLY— adj. See Havghty. 
LOKDSHIP— subst. = domain, q. V. 
LOBE — subst. = learning, q. v. 
LOBN — adj. = forlorn, q. v. 
LOSE, to— V. act. 

(a) not to get, amltto 3. To lose in a 
cause (see Ot. Rer. xvii. 244). 

(b) not to keep, dmltto 3; perdo 3; 
projicio 3 ; effundo 3 ; deperdo 3 ; 
disperdo 3. 

(c) to lose ground, rScedo 3. 

(d) to lose sight of, abscondo 3. 

LOSS — subst., jactura 1 ; damnum 2 ; 
incomm^ddum 2; detrimentum 2 (H.); 
dispendla 2 pi. ; infortunium 2 (H.) ; 
sometimes to be rendered by a par- 
ticiple, e.g. ademptus Hectdr = the loss 
of Hector (Hor. Od. 2, 4, 10). 

Ep. sad, ruinous, irremediable, &c. 

LOST — adj., ademptus, perdltus, 
omissus, effusus. 

LOT— subst. 
(a) chance or fortune, fortuna 1 ; sors 

3 f. ; vices 3 f. pi. ; casus 4 ; fdrs 3 f. ; 

(only nom. and abl.). 

Ep. uncertain, lucky, unlucky, 
changeable, &c. 
(h) in the phrase, to draw a lot, s&rs 

3f. 

LOTH — adj. = unwilling, invitiis. 

Phr., to be loth, noUg. Cf. also Ov. 
Her. xvii. 137, 8 ; amdrS rSpugno, and 
XX. 121, ne fids nostra rSpugnat. 

LOTION — subst., fomentum 2. 

LOTJJ&— lotus 2 f . 

Ep. watery, African (Llbpcu<<, Nilo- 
tteus), &c. 

LOUD — adj., raucus, sdndns, f rumens, 
argutus, ddrus, sdnorus, infragllls (of a 
loud voice). 

LOUDLY — adv., phr., mdgnd or 
fiar^ voc?. 

LOUGH— subst. = lake, q. v. 

LOUNGE, to — V. act. = to idle, q. v. 

LOUNGEB— subst. = idler, q. v. 



LOUB, to — V. neut. 
(o) to frown. 

Phr., frontem contralto 3. 
(6) to impend (of a storm), ntgresco 3 ; 

lnhdrrei>cd 3. See Impkxd, TO. 

LOUBING, LOWEBING — adj. = 
gloomy, q. v. 

LOUT— subst. = boor, q. v. 

LOUT, to — V. neut. = to bow (6), q. v. 

LOUTISH— adj. = boorish, q. v. 

LOVE, to — V. act. 

(a) amo 1 ; dillgo 3 ; adamo 1 ; drdSo 2 ; 
flagro 1 ; iirdr 3 (neut.) ; culSo 2 
(with Abl.). 

(b) of parents and children, amo 1. 

(c) to take pleasure in, as I love music, 
the country, the woods, &c., amo 1 
dill go 3 ; mirdr 1 ; s^qudr 3 ; probo 1 
or with abl., gaudSo 2; delectdr 1 
Ixtdr 1 ; or converting the sentence, 
allquld mlhi placit, cordi est, &c. 
LOVE— subst. 

(a) amSr 3 m. ; often use drdOr 3 m. 
ignis 3 m. ; xstus 4 ; fax 3 f . 
fldmmd 1 ; V^niis 3 f . ; cupido 3 f . 
libido 3 f. ; furdr 3 m. ; califr 3 m. 
(also in plural). 

Ep. A. pure, eager, lasting, pious, 
sacred, worthy, blameless, &c. B. false, 
mad, brief, idle, profane, unbounded, 
foolish, changeable, &c. 

(b) (of parents and children) amdr 
3 m.; affectus 4 ; plStas 3 f . (only of 
children to parents.) 

(c) love of country, amSr 3 m. ; pUtds 
3 f. ; drdik 3 m. 

(d) delighting in anytliing, amSr 3 m. ; 
stadium 2; cwra 1; drddr 3 m. 
Sometimes fames 3 f. (hunger); 
sltls 3 f. (thirst). 

(e) object of love, amdr 3 m. ; amores 3 
dellclse 1 pi. ; often vita 1 ; lUx 3 f. 
vdluptds 3 f. ; ignis 3 m. ; ciira 1 
Venus 3 f. ; (Verg. Eel. iii. 68). 
LOVEABLE — adj., dmdbllls, grdtUs, 

dilcls, amdndHs. 

Phr., dignOs amdri, digniis qui ame- 
tur, &c. 

LOVE-CHABM— subst., _pfet«m 2 pi. 
See Ch.mdi. 

LOVED — adj., amdtiis, dllectus, cdrOs, 
dulcls, grdtSs, amdbllls, adamdtus. 

Ep. the loved one = love (e), q. v. 

LOVE-KNOT— subst., VStigrls vincu- 
lum 2 ; copula 1. 



LOVELESS 



( 211 ) 



LUCID 



LOVELESS — adj., Tnamdhllis, mUSr. 
Sometimes rmtlcus, aqrestis. 

LOVE-LETTER— siibst. Use letter 
(6), q. V. 

LOVELINESS— sub8t. = beauty, q. v. 

LOVELORN— adj. = forlorn, q. v. 

LOVELY— adj. 

(a) beautiful, q. v. 

(b) loveable, q. v. 
LOVEE— subst. 

(a) amdns 3 m.; dmdtdr 3 m.; prdcus 

2 ; umdtrlx 3 f. (Mart.). 

Ep. eager, violent, frantic, faithful, 
jealous, &c. 
(6) of one's country, amdns 3 m. ; 

amdtdr 3 m. ; studlosus (adj.). 

Ep. brave, loyal, &c. 

(c) of natural aifection, amdns 3 m. ; 
piiis (adj.). 

LOVE-SiCK— adj., amdr^, &c., vlctus, 
segSr, incensus, drdens, Idnguidus, mUSr, 
&c., lahordm (Hor. Od. i. 17, 19). 
_ LOVE - SICKNESS — subst. Phr., 
xgSr amSr 3 m. 

LOVESOME— adj. 
(a) loveable, q. v. 
(h) beautiful, q. v. 

LOVE-SONG— subst. Phr., cdrmgn 
3 n., itc, tSn?rum. 

LOVE-TOKEN— subst., pij/riMs 3 n., 
amorU. 

LOVING— adj. 

(a) aifectionate, of persons, pluSy amdns, 
amicus. 

(b) of things, j^tus, tSnSr, mollis, amuns, 
amicu)!. 
LOVING-KINDNESS— subst., bdnitds 

3 f. ; chinentiu 1 ; amSr 3 m. 

LOVINGLY— adv., amdbilUgr (H.), 
amdhillus. 

LOW— adj. 
(a) not high, humilTs, demissus, jacens. 
(fe) deep, dltus, prdfundus, imus. 

(c) of sound, tenuis, lenis, submissus, 
deductus. 

(d) humble, TiumtlXs, demissus, supplex, 
submissus, inflmus. 

(e) of low birth, humilts, inflmus, de- 
gSnSr, obscurus, ignobllls, plebeius 
(Juv., Prop., H.). 

Phr., of humble birth, de plebS ndtiis. 
(/) dishonourable, turpls, Inhdnestus, In- 

fdrals, prdbrdsus, fdmosus, dedScSr, 

degSnSr, indecorus, decdlffr. 
(g) of price, vilis. 



LOW— adv. 

(a) infra, demisse ; lower, demisstiis, In- 
fSrius. 

(b) in a low voice, molUtSr, leniiis, 
JenitSr. 

Phr., demissd vocS ; sometimes mol- 
I'lus; long and low of sound, trdctim 
(Verg. Georg. iv. 260). 

LOW, to — V. neut., of cattle, muglo 
4 ; r?mugid 4. 

Phr., mugiius edo 3 ; do 1 ; mitto 3 ; 
ciSo, 2, &c. To low to, ddmuglo 4. 

LOWER, to— V. act. 

(a) dejicio 3. 

(b) of pride, &c., mlnuo 3 ; immfnuo 3 ; 
cdmminuo 3 ; dejicIo 3. 
LOWER— adj., infgridr. 

Phr., the lower world, infSra or in- 
fer na regno. 2 pi. 

LOWERING— adj. = gloomy, q. v. 

LOWERMOST, LOWEST— adj., infl- 
mus, imus. 

LOWING — subst., mugltus 4; some- 
times vox. 3 f . ; sdnus 4 ; sdnitus 4, &c. 

Ep. rejieated, loud, &c. 

LOWLINESS — subst. = humility, 
obsSqutum. 

Phr., mens 3 f. ; hUmihs. 

LOWLY— adj. 
(a) humble, humllis, demissiis, supplex, 

sulrmissus. 
(6) of birth, humilis, Inflmus, obscurus 

ignobllls, plebeius (Juv., Prop.). 

Phr., of lowly birth, de plebS ndtus. 

JXiWL^ — adv. = humbly, suppllclt^r, 
mddeste, submisse. 

LOWMINDED— adj. = humble, im- 
bellls, InWuddx, turpls, Inhffnestus, priS- 
brosus, igndvus, infdmls. 

LOWNESS— subst. No Latin equi- 
valent. Substitute adjectives, &c., e g. 
lowness of birth, gens 3 f. obscura, 
though in this sense ignobllltds 3 f. is 
once found. 

LOWSPIRITED— adj., demissus, de- 
jectus, humllis. 

LOYAL — ady, fldells, fldus, const dns. 

LOYALTY— subst., fides 5 ; comtdn- 
tla 1. Sometimes plStds 3 f . 

Ep. unstained, lasting, pure, &c. 

LUCENT — adj. = bright, q. v. 

LUCERNE— subst., medlca 1 ; cptl- 
siis 2. 

LUCID— adj. 
(a) bright, q. v. 

p 2 



LUCIFER 



( 212 ) 



LUTE 



(b) pellucid, vltrMs, pellucidiis, luctdiis, 

illimU. 

LUCIFEE— subst., Lucifer 2; Phos- 
pMrus 2 (Mart.). 

Ep. morning, bright. Eastern, &c. 

LUCK— subst. 
(o) in good sense, fortuna 1 (rarely of 

bad luck) ; sors 3 f . ; xicee 3 f . pi. ; 

fors 3 f. (only in nom. and abl.). 

Phr., res 5 pi. sSeundie, Ixtx, &c. ; 
Ausplck Teucro = with Teucer's luck 
(Hor. Od. i. 7, 27). ' 

Ep. good, happy, well-deserved, 
lasting, bright, &c. 
(6) in bad sense, casus 4 (rarely of good 

luck) ; infortunium 2 (H.) ; adversa 

2 pi. ; mala 2 pi. ; labdres 3 m. pi. 

Phr., res 5, adverse; sors 3 f., 
dspfra ; fati inclementia 1. 

Ep. bad, gloomy, shifting, &c. 

LTTCK— subst. 

(c) Phr., " bad luck to him," car?St 
euccei'xlbus opto (Ov. Her. ii. 85). Cf. 
quSd n?c MnS vortat (Verg. Ed. ix. 6). 

mCKILY— adv., /^Zicrt^-r, Ung. 

Plir., Jsetlit umpiclis, bffnis avtbiis, &c. 

LUCKLESS — adj., mUffr, infeUx, mi- 
sSrahllls, misSrdndus, tristts, deflendUs. 

LUCKY — adj., felix, fortunatus, 
hSdtm, prosper, sScundus (of things 
only), JEtfis, faustus, (of things only) 
dexter, (of things only) ausplcatus. 

LUCRATIVE — adj., lucrosiis, perhaps 

LUCEE -subst. See Gain. 
LUDICROUS-adj. 

(a) of persons, jdcosUs, hllarts, ridieulUs 
(H). 

(b) of things, jdcosus, rldlculus (H.). 
Perhaps ludlcSr (Verg. Mneid. xii. 
764). [q. V. 
LUGUBRIOUS — adj. = sorrowful, 
LUKEWARM— adj., t^pens, tepUlus, 

eg^idus. 

LULL, to — ^v. act. 
(a) midcSo 2 ; compesco 3 ; sedo 1 ; 

pldco 1. 
(6) to lull to sleep, sopJo 4. 

Phr., somnum, quletem, &c. ; mitto 3 ; 
sparcfo 3 ; irrigo 1 ; sudd?o 2. 

LULL, to — V. neut., cado 3 ; quieseo 
3 ; j^OTi J 3 (used by Vergil in this 
sense without " se ") ; compescdr 3. 

Phr., a lulling wind, ventus mSdHrd- 
tus. 



LULL — subst., m^ra 1 ; spatTum 2. 
Generally translated by verb or par- 
ticiple. 

Ep. brief, sudden, &c. 

LULLABY — subst., phr., to sing 
lullaby, express by cdntu, cdrmini, &c. ; 
sopTo 4 ; viulc^o 2, &c. 

Ep. low, nightlv, &c. 

LUMINOUS— adj. = bright, q. v. 

LUMP — subst., moles 3 f. ; mdssa 1. 

Ep. heavy, metal, stone, &c. 

LUKAR — adj., lundrls. 

LUNATIC— adj. = mad, q. v. 

LUNG — subst., pulmo 3 m. Some- 
times latiis 3 n. 

Phr., splrdmenta anXitm (Verg. 
JEneid. ix. 580). 

LUNGE— subst. = blow, q. v. 

LUNGE, to— V. neut. (with "at"), 
p£to 3 ; dggrSdWr 3 ; lacesso 3. 

LUPINE— subst., luplnus 2. 

E]i. bitter, pale, &c. 

LURCH, to — V. neut. (of a ship). 
Use labaro 1. 

LURE— subst., llUc^x 1 ; hldndltlae 
1 pi. ; ddliis 2 ; fraus 3 f. 

Ep. treacherous, persuasive, &c. 

LURE, to — V. act = to allure, q. v. 

LURID— adj. 

(a) pale = luridus. 

(b) dismal (a), q. v. 

(c) dark (a) and (b), q. v. 

LURK, to— V. neut., Mm 2; latito 
1 ; delrtesco 3. See Hide, to. 

LURKING-PLACE— subst. = hiding- 
place, q. v. 

LUSCIOUS — adj., prxdulcts, dulcmi' 
mils. 

LUSH — adj. = abundant, q. v. 

LUST— subst., cupldo 3 f. ; libido 3 f. ; 
drdSr 3 m. See Love (a). 

Ep. sickly, unbridled, impure, &c. 

LUSTILY — adv., fortUgr, dcrlUr, 
virllifgr. 

LUSTRAL — adj., lustrdlls. 

LUSTRE— subst., splenddr 3 m.; 
nltdr 3 m. ; fulgor 3 m. ; lux 3 f. ; 
lumgn 3 n. 

Ep. flashing, crystal, lucid, <S:c. 

LUSTROUS — adj., purpurSas. See 
Bkight. 

LUSTY — adj ., fortis, animostis, fSrox 
impigfr, dcSr, strenuus, gndvus. 

LUTE — subst. = lyre, q. v. 



LUXURIANCE 



( 213 ) 



MAGNANIMOUS 



LTTXUKIANCE— subst., luxuries 5; 
luxuria 1. 

Ep. rich, abundant, festive, joyous, 
&c. 

LirXUKIANT — adj., Idrgus, abun- 
dant, luxuriant, luxiiriusus, IMus. 

LTTXTTBIOUS — adj., luxurlosus, lau- 
tus, mdgnificus, dpulentus, aumptuosus, 
superhus. 

LTJXTJEY — Bubst., luxuria 1 ; luxu- 
ries 5 ; luxus 4. Sometimes parutus 
4 ; apparatus 4 ; cultus 4 ; orndtus 4. 

Ep. soft, rich. Eastern, Persian 
(Tersicus) ; costly, &c. 

LYING— adj. 
(a) false, menddx, fdlsus, perftdus, 

perjurus, fdlldx. 
(6) reclining, stratus, dcdinls, rUclhils, 

rSclindtus, dcclindtus, fultus, fusus, 

innixiis, effuUus. See Lie, to (a). 

LYNX — subst., lynx 3 f. 

Ep. timid, watchful, sjwtted, &c. 

LYBE — subst., lyra 1 ; cithard 1 ; 
bdrbitds 2 m. ; testudo 3 f . ; fides 3 f . pi. ; 
chSlys 3 f. Use also cliordx 1 pi. ; 
fila 2 pi. ; nervl 2 pi. = strings ; ^bur 
3n. 

Ep. tuneful, sweet, clear, ivory, tor- 
toise-shell, vocal, Phcebaean (PhcebEus, 
Apdllin^us, Apollindris), Heliconian 
(H^icontiis), Aonian (^Adniiis), &c. 

LYRIC — adj., lyricus. 



M 

MACAW — subst., psittacus 2. 

MACE— subst. 
(o) fustis 3 m. ; cldra 1 ; stipSs 3 m. 

Ep. solid, oaken, iron, &c. 
(J) (as emblem of authority). Use 

fdsces 3 m. pi. 

Ep. proud, august, royal, &c. 

MACHINE — subst., mdchrna 1. 

Ep. huge, strange, ingenious, &c. 

MAD— adj. 
(a) insdnus, demens, dmens, vesdnus, 

furens, rabtdun, mdlSsdnus, lymplidttis, 

furidtus, furiburulus, furidsiis, furi- 

dlts. 

Phr., mentis inops, ration^ carens, 
cxcd mints, &c. 
(6) mad after, or for, drdens, sometimes 

cupidus, studlosus. 



(c) to go or run mad, insdnid 4. See 

Mad, to be. 

MAD, to be — v. neut. = to rave, 
furo 3 ; insdnid 4 ; bdcchSr 1 ; de- 
stpio 3. 

Phr. furor?, &c., agdr 3 ; Incenddr 3 ; 
agttdr 1, &c. ; mentS carSo 2. 

MADDEN, to — ^v. act., fur to 1 (very 
rare). 

Phr., furor em, &c., injicio 3 ; immitto 
3 ; furor?, &c., siimulo 1 ; cdncito 1 ; 
dccendd 3 ; turbo 1. 

MADDING— adj. = mad, q. v. 

MADLY — adv., dementSr, furidlitSr, 
stulte, insdne. May sometimes be 
rendered bv sinS legS, s'tnS morS. 

MADMAN — subst. Translate by 
adj. See Mad. 

MADNESS — subst., Insdnla 1 ; de- 
mentia 1 ; amentia 1 ; furOr 3 m. 

Ep. furious, bloodstained, uncon- 
trolled, &c. 

MADBIGAL — subst. Use concentUs 
4 ; numerl 2 pi. See Song. 

Ep. harmonious, clear, &c. 

MAGE — subst. = magician, q. v. 

MAGGOT — subst. Use vermis 3 m. 

MAGIC — adj., m&glcus, magtis. Often 
use adjectives alluding to celebrated 
enchanters or their country, e.g. Cir- 
cseus, Mmiis, (of Circe), Colclucus, Me- 
deis f . (of Medea). So, too, TJiessalus, 
Tliessalicus, Mdrsus, &c. 

MAGIC — subst., carman 3 n. ; cdntus 
4 ; nenld 1 ; veneflclum 2 ; cdntdmSn 3 n. 
(Prop.). Usually with epithets, e.g. 
carmen 3 n. magicmn ; cdntus 4 vniefi- 
cus ; nxnla 1 Mdrsd ; use also herbae 
1 pi. MedeldSs or Thessalicae ; drs 3 f. 
Colchicd ; sometimes venena 2 pi. ; ver- 
ba 2 pi. ; pociila 2 pi. ; vox 3 f. ; radix 
3 f.. &c., with similar epithets, e.g. 
Circseus, TJiessalus, Mdrsus, &c. ; a 
magic wheel, turbo 3 m. (Hor. Epode. 
xvii. 7). 

Ep. dire, nightly, secret, powerful, 
&c. 

MAGICAL — adj. = magic, q. v. 

MAGICIAN — subst., magus 2. Fern, 
form sdga 1 ; mugd 1 ; veneficd 1. 

Ep. learned, powerful, deceitful, &c. 

MAGISTRATE— subst., nt«(/Fs<ra^«8 4. 

MAGNANIMOUS— adj., m«(y«aH??nM8, 
s&perbus. See Brave, Pbodd, &c. 



MAGNATE 



( 214 ) 



MAJESTY 



MAGNATE— subst., prdc^res 3 m. pi. ; 
primores 3 m. pi. (H., Juv.) ; princeps 
3 m. ; dux 3 m. ; ductSr 3 m. 

Ep. proud, high-born, warlike, stern, 
stately, &c. 

MAGNET — subst., magnes 3 m. 
(Prop.). 

MAGNIFICENCE — subst., splenddr 
3 m. ; nobilitas 3 f. ; majedas 3 f. ; d?- 
c«« 3 n. ; di^cdr 3 m. ; hdiidr 3 m. Some- 
times pardtm 4 ; apparatus 4 ; ornatus 
4 ; cuHus 4 ; luzus 4 ; luxurla 1 ; luxu- 
r'les 5. 

Ep. royal, unwonted, costly, &c. 
_MAGNIFICENT — adj., splendidus, 
lautus, magnfficus, insignts, egr?gTus, 
nobihs, superbus, mmptuoms, prStlosug 
regiiii^, regdlts, regificus, invldendus, dm- 
hitiomK. 

MAGNIFY,_t;o— V. act._ 

(a) to extol, laudo 1 ; coUaudo 1 ; c^Ie- 
bro 1 ; toUo, irr. ; extdUo, irr. 

Phr., laudlbus effSro, irr. ; evSM 3 ; 

toUo, irr., &c. 

(6) to exaggerate, emg^o 2 ; tngravo 1. 

(c) to exalt, tollo, irr. ; extollo, irr. ; 
erigo 3 ; dttollo, irr. ; effSro, irr. ; evSho 
3 ; educo 3. 
MAGNITUDE— subst. 

(o) size, 7KO?e8 3 f. ; pondUs 3 n. ; cor- 
pus 3 n. 

(b) grandeur, q. v. 
MAGPIE— subst., pica 1. 
Ep. chattering, thievish, &c. 
MAHOGANY — subst. Perhaps dt- 

rus 2. 

Phr., trdbs cltr^a. 

MAHOGANY— adj. Perhaps (ntrms. 

MAID, MAIDEN— subst. 
(a) girl, puella 1 ; virgo 3 f. Sometimes 

nymphd 1 ; nymph e 1. 

Phr., innuba virgo 3 f. 

Ep. modest, pure, gentle, joyous, &c. 
(6) servant, dncilla 1 ; famula 1 ; dncil- 

Jula 1 ; ?erm 1 ; ministra 1. 

Ep. busy, loyal, saucy, &c. 

MAIDEN, MAIDENLY— adj., pweZ- 
Idris, virgin?us ; sometimes t^ji^r, mollis. 
Often use cdstus, piidiciis, v?recundm, 
puriis, lnt?m?rdtus, intdctiis, int?gSr. 

MAIDENHAIE — subst. Use fllix 
3 f. (a fern). The botanical name is 
capiUtis VSnSrts, which perhaps might 
be used. 



MAIDENHOOD — subst., vlrgtnitds 
3 f. ; pudur 3 m. ; pudicltla 1. 

Ep. pure, secluded, fresh, &c. 

MAIDSEEV ANT— subst. See Maid 
(6). 

MAIL — subst., loricd 1 ; thorax 3 m. 
Often translate by dnna 2 pi. ; ferrum 
2 ; «« 3 n. 

Ep. brazen, iron, martial, «S:c. 

MAILED — adj. = armed, q. v. A 
mailed knight, cataphrdctus (Prop.); 
ferrSm (iurdtd neu cutaphmctus ?quo. 

MAIM, to — V. act. = wound, vulnSro 
1 ; lEdo 3 ; sauced 1 ; fdd'io 3 ; cdnfddlo 
3 ; percutio 3 ; ftrio 4 ; lacJfro 1. 

MAIMED — adj., miitilus, mutlldtus, 
mdiiciis, sauctu^, and participles of 
verbs above. 

MAIN— adj. 
(a) chief, q. v. 
(6) huge, q. v. 

MAIN— subst. 
(a) the ocean, q. v. 
(6) force. 

Phr., with might and main, summd 
vi, totis viribiis. 

MAINLAND— subst., terra 1. 

MAINLY — adv., prsecipue, plerum- 
que. 

MAINMAST — subst., mdlus. 2. 
Sometimes drbdr 3 f. ; piniis 4 f. 

Ep. ]iinewood, tall, sturdv, &c. 

MAINSAIL— subst. /See' Sail. 

MAINSTAY— subst. 
(a) JJse funis 3 m. 
(6) metaph. = support, q. v. 

MAINSHEET— subst., pes 3 m. 

MAINTAIN, to— V. act. 

(a) to keep, servo 1 ; conservo 1 
(Prop.) ; t^n^o 2 ; rPtin^o 2 ; hab^o 2. 

(b) to defend, cu.->tddto 4; munlo 4; 
servo 1 ; defendo 3 ; defenso 1 ; tiiSdr 
2 ; iutSr 1 : proiPgo 3. 
MAINYAED— subst., dntennd 1. 
MAIZE — subst. Use com. 
MAJESTIC — adj. = august, augustus, 

sacSr, sdnetus, v?n?rdndus, vSrendUs, 
mdgnificus, superbus. 

MAJESTY— subst. 
(o) dignity, mdjestds 3 f. ; hdndr 3 m. ; 

graritds 3 f. ; splenddr 3 m. 
(b) sovereigntv, impMum 2; pStestas 

3 f. ; dltlo 3"f. 

Ep. august, ancestral, proud, royal, 
&c. 



MAKE 



( 215 ) 



MANAGER 



HAKE, to— V. act. 
(a) to form, facio 3 ; formo 1 ; fingo 3 ; 

efficio 3 ; confic'tO 3 ; fahrico 1 . 
(Jo) to force or compel, cogo 3 ; c&mpelld 

3 ; adigo 3 ; suhlgo 3. 

(c) to gain, q. v. [3. 

(d) to render, reddo 3 ; efficio 3 ; /ucio 

(e) (of a ship gaining the hmd) = to 
gain (6), q. v. 

(/) to make amends for, pto 1 ; expio 

1 ; purgo 1 ; Mo 3. 
(g) to make as if = to pretend, q. v. 
(h) to make away with = to kill, q. v. 
(i) to make for = to seek, p?td 3; 

qusero 3 ; occupo 1 ; adPo, irr. To 

tend to, facto 3 ad. 
(J) to make good, prmsto 1. 
(7i) to make haste = to hasten, q. v. 
(l) to make light of, 1, perhaps dis- 

simtild 1 ; 2 = to despise, q. v. 
(m) to make love = to woo, pSto 3. 

Often = to love, q. v. 
(n) to make merry = to feast (a) and 

(b), q. v. 
(o) to make much of, 1 = to cherish, 

q. V. ; 2 = to exaggerate, augeo 2. 
(p) to make over, trddo 3; credo 3; 

mando 1. 
(g) to make ready = to prepare, q. v. 
(r) to make sure of, prEsumo 3 ; prx- 

clplo 3. 
(») to make up, 1 = to collect, q. v. ; 

2 = to reconcile, compono 3 ; 3 = to 

compensate for, q. v. 
(t) to make use of = to use, q. v. 
(?t) to make way, 1 = to progress, q. v. ; 

2 = to give place to, cedo 3 ; dls- 

cedo 3. 

MAKE — subst. = form. q. v. 

MAKER — subst., auctSr 3 m. ; con- 
dltor 3 m. ; Spifex 3 m. and f. ; fahrlcatSr 
3 m. 

Ep. first, skilled, &c. 

MALADY — subst. = illness, q. v. 

MALARIOUS — adj. Use gravis, 
vUhltii)', pesttf^r. 

MALCONTENT— adj., rmUis. 

MALE — adj., mds, mdsculus. 

MALEDICTION — subst. = curse, dlrsa 
1 pi. ; invce^t 3 f. pi. [q. v. 

MALEFACTOR — subst. = criminal, 

MALICE — subst., injuria 1 ; imprS- 
hltds 3 f . ; livdr 3 m. ; Invidia 1 ; 
Sdlum 2. 

Ep. secret, treacherous, vain, &c. 



MALICIOUS, MALIGN, MALIG- 
NANT — adj., malignui, invidus, lividus, 
imprdbus, inalug ; infestus, ndxitis, 
pravus. 

MALIGN, to — V. act., cdrpo 3; de- 
trecto 1 ; mordSo 2 ; lEdo 3 ; rodo 3 
(H., Mart.). 

MALIGNER — subst. Use Xjumlcus, 
invidus, or render by verb. 

MALIGNITY— subst. = malice, q. v. 

MALISON — subst. = curse, dirE 1 pi. ; 
prices 3 pi. 

MALLET— subst., malleus 2. 

MALLOW — subst., mdlva I ; perhaps 
hibiscus 2. 

Ep. humble, marshy, &c. 

MALMSEY — subst. = wine, q. v. 

MALT — subst., hordSum 2 (use pi.) 

MALTREAT, to— v. act. = to injure, 
q. v. 

MAMMON— subst., literally the god 
of wealth, PScunia 1 (Juv.) ; Plutus 2 
(no good authority). Usually = the 
desire of wealth. 

Phr., dptim cupido 3 f., &c. 

MAMMOTH— adj. = huge, q. v. 

MAN— subst. 

(a) human being, hSm6 3 m. ; mortdlis 
3 m. 

(b) usually vTr 2 ; Mmd 3 m. 

(c) a man of war, ndvis 3 f., &c. 
MAN, to — V. act. 

(a) compl^o 2 ; instruo 3 ; orno 1. 

(6) to man the walls, firmo 1 ; munXo 4. 

MANACLE — subst., manicd 1 ; 
usually = to chain, q. v. 

Ep. twisted, iron, cruel, &c. 

MANAGE, to — V. act. 

(a) an affair, business, cUro 1 ; procuro 
1 ; trdcto 1 ; g^ro 3. 

(b) a horse, flecto 3 ; exercSo 2 ; r?go 3 ; 
derigo 3 ; mSdSrSr 1 ; gubemo 1 ; 
freno 1 ; cderc^o 2. 

(c) to wield, mdvSo 2 ; ut&r 3 ; exercio 
2; trdcto 1. 

MANAGEABLE — adj., trdctdbllts, 
habilis, facllls; sometimes flexllU, 
flexibilis, lentils. 

MANAGEMENT— subst. 
(a) cura 1. 
(6) of a horse, mSdSrdmSn 3 n. 

MANAGER — subst., procUrdtdr 3 m. ; 
mddSrdtdr 3 m. ; vilicus 2 (especially 
of an estate). 



MANDATE 



( 216 ) 



MANTLE 



MANDATE — subet. = command,yu«- 
sum 2 ; mdndalum 2 ; prseceptum 2 ; 
dictum 2 ; impSrlum 2. 

Ep. stf rn, roval, cautioiis, &c. 

MANDOLIN— subst. See Lyre. 

MANDBAGOBA, MANDBAKE — 
Bubst., mdjidragSras 1 m. (no good 
authority). 

Plir., mcciis sSporus or sSporT/Sr. 

MANE — suhBt., j aba 1. 

Phr., with a flowing mane, cdmdns. 

Ep. long, scattered, floating (^un- 
dans), yellow, &c. 

MANES — subst., manes 3 m. pi. Use 
also umbra 1 ; Imago 3 f. ; simulacrum 
2 ; Lgmures 3 m. pi. 

Ep. Tartarean {TartarSus), ghostly, 
pale, &c. 

MANFUL — adj., vlrilis, fortis. See 
Bbave (a). 

MANETTLLY— adv., virUmr,fdrtmr, 
acrltgr, auddcit?r, constdntSr. 

Phr., pro parts virili. [q. v. 

MANFULNESS — subst. = courage, 

Phr., animus virills. 

MANGEE — subst., prEsepg 3 n.; 
stabulum 2. 

Ep. full, warm, safe, &c. 

MANGLE, to — V. act., lacgro 1 ; 
lanio 1 : dildc?rd 1 ; diJanlo 1 ; eviscSrd 
1 ; discerpo 3 ; frungo 3. 

MANGLED— adj. 
(o) lacSr, lacSrdtus, dilacSratus, dis- 

cerptus, lantdtus, dUanidtus. 

(b) maimed, truncus, mutllils, mutildtUs, 
sauciug, mdncus. 
MAN-HATEB — subst. = misan- 

thropp, q. V. 

MANHOOD— subst. 
(o) human nature. 

Phr., Mminls ndiura 1. 
(6) as opposed to boyhood, usually 

translated in Latin hy juventm 3 f. ; 

juventd 1 ; pubis 3 f. 

Phr., florins serum 2 ; fortldr xtds 
3 f., &c. 

(c) courage, q. v. 
MANLA.— subst. 

(a) madness, q. v. 

(6) eager desire, studlum 2 ; ardifr 3 

m. Use also slits 3 f . (thirst) ; fames 

3 f. (hunger). 

MANIAC— subst. See Mad (a). 

MANIFEST — adj., cldrus, mdntfistus, 
apertus, cirtus, virus. 



Phr., non dubliis; to be manifest, 
patCo 2 ; patisco 3. 

MANIFEST — V. act., manlfisto 1 ; 
ostindo 3 ; monstro 1 ; apSrlo 4 ; ditego 
3. See Disclose. 

MANIFESTLY— adv. = clearly, q. v. 

MANIFOLD — adj., multiplix, vdriUs, 
diver^U!i, multiis. 

MANZILLING— adj., hdmtcldS 1. 

MANKIND — subst. Phr., g?nus 
3 n., humdiium; gins 3 f., hum^nd. 
Often Mmlnis 3 m. pi. ; mortdles 3 m. 
pi. 

MANLIKE — adj., virilis, mdsculus. 
See Brave. 

MANLINESS — subst. = courage, 
q. V. 

MANLY — adj., virills, mdsculus ; us- 
pSr (Hor. Od. iii. 24, 53). See Brave. 

Phr., vlro dignUs, dScorus, &c. 

MANNEB— subst. 
(a) way or mode, mos 3 m. ; mddtis 2 ; 

via 1 ; ratio 3 f. Sometimes figura 

1 ; spicles 5 ; gSnus 3 n. ; forma 1. 

Ep. familiar, ancient, ancestral, 
strange, foolish, proud, &c. 
(6) custom, mos 3 m.; usus 4 ; cansue- 

tudo 3 f . ; dssuitudo 3 f. 

(c) mien, vultus 4 ; habitus 4 ; status 4. 

(d) in plural, maris 3 m. pi. ; vita 1. 

(e) Phr., after the manner of = like 
adj., q. V. 

MANNEBLY — adj. = courteous, 
q. V. 

MAN(EDVBE— subst. 

(a) artifice, q. v. 

(b) of troops, rScursiis 4 ; cursiis 4. 
MANOB— subst. = estate (c), q. v. 
MANOB-HOUSE— subst., vUM 1. 
MANSE — subst. = parsonage house. 

Use sacerdotis cdaa 1 ; dSmiis 2 or 4 f . 
PSndfi^ 3 pi., &c. 

MANSION— subst. = house (a), q. v. 

MANTLE— subst., pdlla 1 ; McemS 1. 
See Cloak (a). 

Ep. long, flowing, double, &c. 

MANTLE, to— V. act. = to cover, 
q. V. 

V. neut. 

(a) of a blush, rubSo 2. 

Phr., ruhorg suffunddr 3, or pirfundSr 
3 ; ruborS gfnds, ora, &c., sufumid 3. 
(6) of wine mantling in a cup, rSbSd 2. 

See also Froth, to, Shine, to, &c. 

(c) to expand, q. v. 



MANTLED 



( 217 ) 



MARJORAM 



MANTLED — adj., i7idutus, tectus, ves- 
titSs. orndtiig. 

MANTLET— subst., testudo 3 f. 
MANTLING— adj. 

(a) outspread, expansive, apertus, ex- 
tentus, pussug. 

(b) blushing, rubem, ruhesceng. 
Phr.. rtiborS tlnctus, suffusus, &c. 
MANUAL — adj. = done by hand. 
Phr., munu /actus. 
MANTJKE— subst ,/tmM8 2. 

Ep. rich, piled up, foul, &c. 

MANURE, to— V. act. Phr., flmo 
saturo 1. 

MANY— adj. 
(a) multiis, frUquens, creb^r, plurimus. 

Your many brothers, &c., may be 

expressed in poetry bv tot tuifratres. 

(Cf. Ov. Fast. iv. 162.") 
(&) in plural, many a man, many men, 

multl, frPqueiites, pUriqv^ (H.), com- 

plures (H.). 

(c) as many as, qudt, quam multi. 

(d) how many, quot. 

(e) how many times, quStles. 
If) so many, tdt, tarn multl. 
(g() so manv times, tdttes. 

MANY-COLOURED— adj., versicdldr ; 
■car I us. 

MANY-FOUNTAINED— adj. Phr., 
fontJhus, &c., plenus, abunddns, scatens. 

MANY-HEADED— adj., centiceps. 

MANY TIMES— adv. = often, ssepS, 
ssBpius, pleriaiuiuS, frequetitiiis. 

Phr., itPrumquS it^rumquS, terquS 
quaterquS (tSr quater), &c. 

MAP — subst. Use tabula 1. 

MAPLE— subst., ac?r 3 n. 

MAPLE — adj., acernus. 

MAR, to — V. act. 

(a) to destroy, 2>erd6 3. See Destroy, 

TO. 

(b) to hurt, mjc/d 2 ; leedo 3 ; vidlo 1 ; 
deformo 1 ; detero 3 (cf. Hor. Od. i. 
6, 12) ; teniid 1 (Hor. Od. iii. 3, 72). 

(c) to mangle, q. v. 
MARAUDER— subst., prxdo 3 m. ; 

raptOr 3 m. ; Udro 3 m. ; priedatdr 3 m. 

Ep. thievish, unscrupulous, lawless, 
&c. 

MARAUDING — subst., ruplnu 1; 
furtum 2 ; prseda 1 ; latroclnlum 2 (H.). 

Ep. basi% unjust, &c. 

MARBLE — subst., murmOr 3 n. 
Often use lapis 3 m. ; sdxum 2 ; rupes 



3 f. Sometimes with epithets, e.g. 
Parlus lapis 3 m. ; Phrpgtum sdxum 
2 n. ; Hymett'ise trubes 3 f. pi., &c. 

Ej). white, shining, hard, im- 
perishable, &c. 

MARBLE — adj. 
(a).mdrmdrSus, sometimes sdxSiis. 

(b) hardhearted, /err^Ms, duriis. 
MARCH— subst., Mdrtlus 2. 
MARCH— adj., Mdrtlus. 
MARCH, to — V. neut. 

(a) of an army, prdcedo 3 ; progrSdior 

3 ; cdiitendo 3 ; eo, irr. 

Phr., It^r or viam cdrpo 3 ; faclo 3 ; 
prdperu 1. 
(6) of a person, incedo 3 ; sputWr 1 ; 

ingrSdlor 3 ; vddo 3 ; pergo 3 ; ?o, 

irr. 

V. act., to march troops = to 

lead, duco 3. 

Phr., signa mSvFo 2 ; vello 3 = to move 
or pluck up the standards. 

MARCH— subst. 
(a) ItSr 3 n. ; via 1 ; cursus 4 ; dgmSn 

3n. 

Ep. long, speedy, difficult, &c. 
(6) manner of walking, grddiis 4 ; gres- 

sus 4 ; incessiis 4 ; pes 3 m. 

(c) border, finis 3 m. and f . ; mdrgo 3 m. 
and f. ; 6ra 1 ; cOnfinla 2 pi. 
MARCHING — subst. = march (a), 

q. V. 

Phr., the sound of marching, pSdum 
sOnus 2. 

MARE— subst., t^qua 1. 

Ep. spirited, well-bred, docile, &c. 

MARGE, MARGENT, MARGIN— 
subst. 
(a) brink or a 1 ; mdrgo 3 m. and f. ; 

rlpa 1 ; sometimes dggSr 3 m. ; crS- 

pldo 3 f. 
{b) of a Iwok. mdrgo 3 m. and f. 

MARIGOLD— subst., cdWial. 

MARINE — adj., marinus, EquSrSus ; 
sometimes Nerelus, Neptunms, &c. ; ccr- 
rulSus (azure). 

MARINER — subst., ndvlta 1 ; nauta 
1 ; sometimes rcmex 3 m. (a rower) ; 
rem^glum 2 (crew). 

Ep. Ixild, roaming, fearless, &c. 

MARISH — subst. = marsh, q. v. 

MARISH^adj., palustrls. 

MARITIME — adj. = marine, q. v. 

MARJORAM — subst., amdrucus 2 m. 
and f . 



MARK 



( 218 ) 



MARTIAL 



MABK — subst. 
(a) a stamp or brand, ndta 1 ; slgnum 2. 

Ep. conspicuous, well-known, strange, 
&c. 
(6) a token, lignum 2 ; indicium 2 ; in- 

slgnS 3 n. ; drgumentum 2 ; sp?clvi?n 3 n. 

(c) a trace, imltclum 2 ; vestigium 2 ; 
signum 2 ; ndtS 1 . 

(d) a man of mark = an Illustrious 
man. See Illustrious. 

(e) mark = target. 
MABK, to — V. act. 

(a) to make a mark upon, iiSto 1 ; slgno 
1 ; sometimes insigmo 4. 

Plir., ndtam, gignuin, &c., imprlmo 3 ; 
impono 3. 
(6) to heed, observo 1 ; euro 1 ; audio 4. 

Phr., awr? blbo 3. 
(c) to mark out, signo 1 ; designd 1. 

MARKED — adj., insignTs, distinctiis, 
ndtafus, pictus ; sometimes varlUs, varid- 
tu$ (Cat.), vwctilosug (spotted), egrfgius 
nutdhilU, spectandus. 

MARKET— subst. 
(a) /drum 2; macellum 2 (H., Mart.). 

Ep. busy, noisy, full, &c. 

(b) the act of buying and selling, mer- 
ndtura 1 (H.). 

MARKET, to — V. neut., mercifr 1. 

Phr , merces muto 1. 

MARKETABLE — adj., vendlig (H., 
Juv.). 

MARKET GARDEN — subst., Tiortus 
2 ; hortulus 2 (Juv.). 

MARKET PLACE — subst. = market 
(a), q. V. 

MARKET PRICE— subst., dnnond 1 
(H); pretium 2. 

MARKET TOWN— subst, /(Jrwrn 2. 

MARKSMAN — subst. No equiva- 
lent. Substitute juvSnU 3 m. ; lieros 
3 m. ; vlr 2, &c. See Archer. 

MARL — subst. Use gleba 1 ; sdlum 
2 ; terra 1, »S:c. ; perhaps cretd 1. 

MARMOT-^subst., mm 3 m. 

Phr., mm Alpinm. 

MARMOZET — subst., nmliis 2 
(Mart.) ; »lmm 1 (Juv.). 

MARRIAGE — subst., nuptise 1 pi.; 
conjSgium 2; connubtum 2; connubia 
2 pi. Often render by Hym?rimi 2 pi. ; 
thalamus 2 (the marriage chamber); 
tSrm 2 ; tseda 1,/dx 3 f. (the marriage 
torch), &c. 



Phr., vinclum 2, fced&s 3 n. ; jUgdlS, 
&c. 

Ep. prosperous, longed-for, joyous, 
lucky, well-omened, &c. 

MARRIAGE — adj., maritus, maritd- 
lis, conjugtdJis, jugdlix^ sdctdlis, sdciUs. 

MARRIAGEABLE — adj., adultus, 
mdturm, nubilts (of a woman). 

Phr., vtro tempestiva. 

MARRIED— adj. 
(a) of a man. See Husband. 
(fe) of a woman. See Wife. 

MARROW— subst., mMullse 1 pi. 

MARRY, to— V. act. 
(a) of the husband, duco 3. 
(6) of the wife, nObo 3. 

Phr., to be married, conjugto, &o. ; 
jungffr 3 ; sdcTdr 1 ; tdri foedus inio, 
irr. ; faces jugdles dccendo 3 ; tollo, in., 
&c. 

(c) to give in marriage, as " He married 
his daughter to the youth ; " use 
do 1 ; jdngo 3 ; jfigo 1 ; sdcio 1, &c., 
with conjugTo, tffro, or similar words. 
(Cf. mdrito 1, Hor. Epodes ii. 10). 

(d) to perform the ceremony of 
marriage. No Latin equivalent- 
Use jungo 3; sdclo 1, and similar 
words. Perhaps conjugTo prsesum. 
Do not speak of altars or temples in 
connection with marriage. 
MARRY — interj. Perhaps scilicet, 

nemp?. 

MARSH — subst., palQs 3 f. ; stdgnum 
2. 

Phr., stdgna 2 pi. paludis; undd 1 
pdlmtrts ; humus 2 f . pdldddsS, &C. 

Ep. moist, rushy, broad, &c. 

MARSHAL— subst. 
(a) a commander, prince ps 3 m.; dux 

3 m. ; ductdr 3 m. ; prxsSs 3 m. 
(6) an arbiter, drbitSr 2 ; judex 3 m. 

MARSHAL, to— V. act. 

(a) to arrange, ordino 1 ; instruo 3 ; 
dispdno 3 ; compono 3. 

(b) to lead (c), q. v. 

MARSHY — adj ., paludosiis, palustrls ; 
sometimes stagndns. 

MART — subst = market, q. v. 

MARTEN— subst. 
(a) swallow, hlrundo 3 f. 
(6) the animal, meles 3 f. (Mart.). 

MARTIAL — adj.. belllcus, belltgg'r, 
bellicosus, MdrtTus, Mdvortim, militdris, 
pOgndx, jfSrox, fortis, &c. See Brave. 



MARTYR 



( 219 ) 



MASTER 



MARTYR— subst. No literal equi- 
valent. Use other phrases, e.g. to be 
a martyr for one's country, pro patrla 
mdrl; a martyr of love, quem t&rquSt 
Amor ; in mortem quem mittit AmOr ; a 
martyr to jealousy, invidise stimiiUs 
agitdtus; a martyr to ambition, Imidi 
deditus, devotus, &e. 

MARVEL — subst., mlrdeulum 2 ; 
porfentuni 2 ; prod ig turn 2 ; signum 2 ; 
monstrum 2 ; mira 2 pi. Sometimes 
ostentum 2 ; <mi?n 3 n. 

Ep. heaven-sent, wondrous, ill or 
well omened, &c. 

MARVEL, to — ^v. n. or act. (with 
"at ") ?wrwr 1; ddmirOr 1; emlrffr 1; 
stuped 2 ; ddstiipeo 2 ; obdupesco 3 ; 
stupesco 3. Sometimes laudo 1 (in 
good sense only). 

MARVELLOUS — adj., mlrus, mirdn- 
dus, mirdlMis, mirtficus, ddmlrdndus, 
ddmirdbilis, iwrits, Insolitus, prddlglosus, 
egrPglug, exlmlus, prxstdns. 

MARVELLOUSLY— adv., mire. 

Phr., mlrlg mSdls. 

MASCULINE— adj. = manly, q. v. 

MASH — suhst., fdrrdgo 3 f. 

MASH, to — V. act., contundo 8 ; con- 
tSro 3 ; mimmnuo 3. 

MASK— subst. 

(a) persona 1. 

(b) covering, (e.g. under the mask of 
loyalty, love, &c.), use species 5; 
imdgo 3 f. ; perhaps tegmen 3 n. 
MASK, to — ^v. act. 

(a) literally. 

Phr., fiersonam sumo 3 ; dddo 3 ; 
indUo 3, &c. 
(fc) to disguise, disstmulo 1 ; celo 1 ; 

tpgo 3 ; prMendo 3 ; prEtexo 3. 

MASKED— adj. 
(a) literally persondtus (H., Mart.). 
(6) concealed, ceJdtm, secretus, tectus, 

d'ntmmiildtm, csecus. 

MASKER — subst., persona 1. 

MASON— subst. UBefaher 2; drti- 
fex 3 m. & f. ; dpifex 3 m. & f. 

Ep. busy, skilful, &c. 

MASQUE, MASQUERADE— subst. _ 
(a) a body of masquers. Use convlvE 

1 pi. (H.) ; scurrse 1 pi. (H.) ; co- 

missdtores 3 pi. (Mart.); soddles 

3 m. pi. 



(&) revel, use convlvlum 2; ludus 2; 

jdciis 2. 

Ep. joyous, nocturnal, &c. 

MASS^subst. 
(a) moles 3 f. ; mdssa 1. Sometimes 

pondus 3 n. ; acervus 2 ; cumulus 2 ; 

dggSr 3 m. ; strues 3 f. ; congSrles 5. 

Ep. huge, piled-up, heavy, stone, &c. 
(6) crowd, q. v. (moles 3 f. is used in 

this sense by Vergil, J?n. xii. 575). 

MASSACRE, to — v. act., trucldo 1 ; 
csedo 3 ; obtrunco 1 ; nSco 1 ; pSrlmo 3 ; 
interlmo 3 ; perdo 3 ; occido 3, &c., per- 
haps jugulo. 

Phr., proximo, qusequS m^tlt gladXo, 
prlmosquS H extremos mSiendo. 

MASSACRE — subst., cmdes 3 f. ; 
sfrdges 3 f. ; clddes 3 f. ; sanguis 3 m. ; 
criior 3 m.; funSra 3 pi. 

Ep. cmel, bloodv, imjiious. 

MASSIVE, MASSY — adj., gravis, 
dnSroHus, tngens, vastus, immdnls, mdg- 
nus, grdiulls. 

Phr., non iSvls, &c. 

MAST — subst. mMus 2. Sometimes 
drhSr 3 f . 

MAST — subst., (beech, &c., mast), 
gldns 3 f. Often with adj., e.g. fd- 
glnSa or fdglna, querna, llignu, &c. 

MASTER— subst. 
(a) of a house, servants, &c., dSmlnus 

2 ; Mrus 2. Sometimes patSr 3 m. 
Ep. rich, kind, proud, &c. 

(I)) Often rendered by pdtens with 
gen., e.g. sui pdtens, master of one- 
self ; ventorum pdtens, master of the 
winds, &c. 

(c) of a school, magist^r 2 ; doctik 3 m. ; 
prEceptor 3 m. (Of. rex 3 m. Hor. 
Od. i. 36, 8). 
Ep.learned, kindly, &c. 

(c?) of a ship, magistSr 2; guberndtifr 

3 m. ; rectSr 3 m. 

Ep. skilful, prudent, cautious, «S:c. 
(e) of a feast, drblt?r 2 ; maglster 2 

(Mart.); pat^r 3 m. 

JEp. joyous, unrestrained, &c. 
(/) master of an art, jjerfectus in driS. 

Use also pSrltus, doctus. 
(g) owner, possessSr 3 m. ; Mrus 2 ; 

ddmlniis 2. 

MASTER, to— V. act. 
(a) to conquer, q. v. ; or, to tame, q. v. 
(?*) to learn tlioroughly, perdisco 3 

(Tib.) ; edisco 3. 



MASTERFUL 



( 220 ) 



MATTER 



MASTEEFTJL— adj., superbuit, ImpS- 
rio^us, ferox, insdlens. 

MASTEELESS— adj. Phr., domino 
carina, sinf reg?, &c. ; niillu mfidSruutS. 

MASTEKLY— adj. Perhaps insigms, 
egrtqiu't. exiinUTs, prxstdiis. 

MASTEE-PIECE— subfit. Plir., dpus 
3 n. egregium; opus 3 n. lauru dig- 
num, &c. 

MASTEESHIP— subst., impifrium 2 ; 
regnum 2 ; dltlo 3 f. ; pdtestds 3 f. ;Ju8 
3 n. ; mOdSrumIn 3 n. 

Ep. proud, uncontrolled, &c. 

MASTEEY— subst. 

(a) victoria 1. See Above (6). 

(fc) to get the mastery = to conquer, 

q. V. 
(c) having the mastery, ptftens with 

gen. 

MASTIFF— subst., Mdlossus 2 m. ; 
Lacon 3 m. (lit. Spartan hound). 
Sometimes used as adj. with canis 
3 m. ; cdtulus 2. 

MAT— subst., teggs 3 f. (Prop.), matta 
1 (Ov. Fust. vi. 680), (but the reading 
is very doubtful). 

MAT, to — V. act. (with " together "), 
implied 1 ; necto 3 ; texo 3 ; iunecto 3 ; 
in^xo 3 ; connecto 3 ; consSro 3. 

MATTED — adj., intextus, implicttus. 

Phr., concreti saiiguinff crinSs, hair 
matted with blood ; intertextus. 

MATCH — subst. = torch, q. v. 

MATCH— subst. 
(o) a match for, par 3 ; idoneus ; to be 

a match for, Equo 1 ; xquiparo 1 ; 

exxquo 1. 

(b) a marriage, q. v. 

(c) a contest, q. v. 
MATCH, to — V. act. 

(a) to be equal to, aequd 1 ; Equlparo 1 ; 
exsequo 1. 

(b) to match two combatants together, 
compono 3; committo 3; oppono 3. 
Perhaps sequol. 

MATCHED — adj., compdsUus, coni- 
missus ; in colour, concdldr ; ill-matched, 
impdr, dispdr ; well-matched, par. 

MATCHLESS — adj., prxstdiis, excel- 
lens, egrcgius, exlmiug, InsupSrabills, in- 
vlctus, hulumit&s. 

Phr., of matchless beauty ; pulcrlSr 
dmnibus. 

MATCHMAKEE — subst. Perhaps 



pron 



oiiuba 1. Cf. Verg. .£n. iv. 166. 



MATE— subst. 
(a) husband, q. v. 
(6) wife, q. v. 

(c) of quadrupeds, birds, &c., par ; 
also of men ; conjux and murltut are 
used in this sense ; vlr 2, of quadru- 
peds only. 

(d) comrade, q. v. 

(e) of a shiii. Perhaps maglstir 2. 
MATE, to — V. act. 

(a) to marry (c), q. v. 

(b) to match (ft), q. v. 

MATED, to be — v. pass, (of animals), 
Cf. subsido 8 (Hor. Epodes xvi. 31). 
See Join, to, or Makry, to. 

MATEEIAL — adj., corpikSus, terres' 
trls. 

MATEEIAL— subst., res 5; initgrlS 
1 ; mt'ifrrie!' i). 

MATEENAL — adj., mdternus. Often 
translate by genitive case of mother. 
Sometimt'S piiis, cdstus, &c. 

MATIN — adj., mdtutinus. 

MATEICIDE— subst., mdtrlcida 1 m. 
(no authority). Translate by phrase, 
e.g. muteniE necls or cEdia auctvr 3 m. ; 
mdtris csedS or sdnguini rubens, poUutus, 
tlnctus, &c. ; ausus mdtema tlngSrS csedS 
indnus, &c. [kiage. 

MATEIMONY — subst. See Mab- 

MATRON— subst. 
(a) married woman, mdtrona 1. Often 

mater 3 ; conjux 3 f. ; uxor 3 f. 

Ep. sage, stately, chaste, staid, &c. 
(hi) old woman, anus 4 ; vStuld 1. 

Sometimes nutrlx 3 f. 

Ep. wrinkled, tottering, hoarv, &c. 

MATEONLY— adj. 
(a) (of or belonging to a matron) md- 

trondlis, conjugidlls, cvnnubidUs, mari- 

tulls. 
(6) dignified, gravis, augustus, vSrend&s, ■ 

venSrdbilis. 

MATTEE— subst. 
(a) res 5 ; mdtSrld 1 ; corpus 3 n. ; 

mdtiries 5. 
(6) business, res 5 ; v^gotium 2 ; curd 

1 ; luhOr 3 m. ; 8pm 3 n. ; dpSra 1 ; 

munus 3 n. 

(c) grievance, qulrlmoriia 1; quSrelVl 
1 ; questus 4 ; dolSr 3 m. ; e.g. St 
qvas ddldr dttigit idem. 

(d) (with " no," &c., e.g. it is no mat- 
ter). See Matter, to. 

(e) cause, causa 1. 



MATTER 



( 221 ) 



MEAN 



MATTEE, to — V. neut. = to be im- 
portant. Translate by impersonal 
verbs, interest, refert, attin?t^ pertin^t. 

Plir., 7ill int?re>it, it is no matter. 

MATTING— subst. See Mat. 

MATTOCK— subst., dolSbra 1 (Juv.) ; 
ligo 3 m. 

Ejj. hard, heavy, &c. 

MATTRESS — subst., culcttd 1 (Juv., 
Mart.) ; gruhdtum 2 (Mart.) ; (a poor 
bed). Oft^n = bed, q. v. 

MATUIIE— adj. 
(a) ripe, matuiUs, adultiis, tostus (of 

corn). 
(6) wise, q. v. 

MATTJKE, to — V. act. 
(a) to ripen, mdturo 1 ; cOqud 3. 
(6) to hasten, q. v. 

V. neut. = to grow ripe, mdtu- 

reaco 3 ; coqudr 3 ; mltesco 3. 

MATUTINAL— adj., matutinus. 

MATJGRE — adv. = in spite of. 
Translate by contra or by phrase with 
invitug, e.g. invitis amnlbus = maugre 
all the ■workl. 

MAUL, to — V. act. = to mangle, q. v. 

MAUND — subst. = basket, q. v. 

MAUNDEB, to — v. neut., musso 1. 
See CoMPL.\iN, TO. 

MAUSOLEUM — subst., mausoleum 2 
(Mart.). See Tomb. 

MAVIS — subst. Use turdus 2; 
morula. 1 (H.). 

MAW — subst., InglUvles 5 ; ventSr 
3 m. ; gula 1. 

Ep. rapacious, foul, &c. 

MAWKISH — adj. Perhaps putidHs 
(H.), ineptus. 

MAXIM— subst., prEceptum 2. 

MAY — V. neut., ItcH (impers.), est 
(impers.), possum. 

Phr., fas est mJhi or non fas est, I 
may or may not. Often " may " is 
sign of the subjunctive mood. 

MAY — subst.. Mains 2. 

MAY — subst. = hawthorn-flower. 

Phr., flos 3 m., rubi. See Haw- 

THOItN. 

MAY — subst. = maid, virgo 3 f. ; 
piieUa 1. 

MAY-BE — adv. = perhaps, q. v. 

MAY-DAY — subst., Flordlld 3 pi. 
(Mart.). _ 

Phr., Kalendx 1 pi., Matie ; festum 
2, (or s&crum) Floral?, (or Florse), &c. 



MAY-DAY— adj., FloralU, FlorSll- 
ctiis (Mart.). 
j MAY-FLY — subst. Use musca 1 
! (Mart.). 

\ MAY-POLE — subst. Phr., festa 
drbdr 3 f. ; drWr 3 f ., Floralls. 

MAY-QUEEN— subst. Phr., fldmm 
reglnd 1, &c. 

MAYING — subst. Phr., to go a 
maying, Flordlld cSlehrdrS, Floram 
cdler?, &c. 

MAZE — subst., Idhprlnthiis 2 ; dm- 
bdges 3 pi. f. ; errdr 3 m. (Ov. Met. 
t viii. IGl, 167; Verg. A. v. 591). 
I Ep. pathless, winding, blind, &c. 

MAZE, to — V. act. = to amaze, q. v. 
I MAZED — adj. = bewildered, q. v. 
i MAZY — adj., Idbprintheus (Cat.), 
perhaps multiplex, cxcus. 

MEAD — subst., a drink, mulsum 2 
; (H., Mart.). 

j MEAD — subst., prdtum 2. Often 
merely = field, dg^r 2. 
' MEADOW — subst., prdtum 2 ; dgellus 
I 2 ; cdmpUs 2 ; drvum 2. Sometimes 
j pldnitles 5 ; eequdr 3 n. ; dr^d 1. 

Ej). spring, dewy, rich, green, 
! flowery, &c. 

I MEADOW — adj., prdtensts (H.), cdm- 
pestris. 

MEADOW-SWEET — subst., spirxa 
1. No poetical authority. 

MEAGRE— adj. 
(a) lean, mdcPr, gracilis, exilis. 

Phr., mMcle confectus, turpls, de- 
formls, &c. 

(6) of things, exilis, grdcUis, exlguus. 
MEAGRENESS — subst., mMc'ies 5. 
MEAL — subst. 
(a) flour, /anna 1. 

Ep. white, rich, soft, &c. 
(6) = food, cibus 2 ; midday meal, 
prdndium 2 (H., Mart.); dinner or 
supper c^nd 1. Sometimes mensa 1. 
See Banquet, Feast, &c. 
Ep. simple, homely, &c. 
MEALY — adj., ddorSus, i.e. made of 
meal, pulvSreus, mollis = floury, dusty, 
&c. 

MEAN— adj. 
(a) lowborn, humtlis, infimus, obscurus, 
ignobtlts, plebeius (Prop., Juv.). 
Phr, of mean birth, de plebS ndtus, or 
de plebS simply. 
Qj) lowminded. See Base. 



MEAN 



( 222 ) 



MECHANIC 



MEAN — adj. = mitldle or inter- 
vening, mSdius. 

MEAN— subst. 
(a) measure or limit, mdd&s 2. 

Phr., the golden mean, mSdlocritas 
3 f . ; aurffa. 
(6) in plural, means, use copla 1 

fdcultds 3 f. See Enable, to. 

(c) means, goods, bdna 2 pi.; res 5 
dpes 3 f. pi. ; divUix 1 pi. 

(d) by no means, adv. haudquaquam. 
nequdquam, (H.). Sometimes, ml 
nime. 

(e) by all means, sometimes omnino. 
Phr., quocunquS tnSdo, nulla non art?, 

omni art?, &c., certe. 

(/) by fair means, recti, Mn?, hdneste. 

MEAN, to — V. act. 
(a) to signify, sigiiifico 1 ; dstendo 3 ; 

mdnstro 1 ; Indlco 1 ; v8lo, irr. ; some- 
times specto 1. 
(6) to intend, coglto 1 ; paro 1 ; volvo 3 ; 

mSdltSr 1 ; texo 3 ; agito 1 ; molidr 4 ; 

ver»d 1. 

MEANTIME— adv., IntSrSd, interim. 

MEANDEE, to — v. neut., (of a 
river) perhaps cursum or undas sinuo 
1 ; flecto 3 ; sometimes vagdr 1 ; erro 1 ; 
Idhdr 3, &c. ; elnuoso cursu or sinuosis 
Jleztbus. 

MEANBEB, MEANDEBING — 
subst., Jlexus 4 ; drcus 4 ; sometimes 
mrus 2; orMs 3 m. pi. Often = maze, 
labprlnthus 2 ; dmbdges 3 f . pi. 

Ep. winding, uncertain, curved, &c. 

MEANDEEING — adj., srnwosMS, r?- 
curvdtSs. 

Phr., sinudttis in drcus. 

MEANING— subst. 

(a) signification, vis 3 f. ; sensus 4 ; sen- 
tintld 1. Often render by verb, e.g. 
What is your meaning? Quid tim 
vis? 

(b) purpose, consilium 2 ; sententiS 1 ; 
mens 3 f. ; animus 2 ; propSsltum 2. 
MEANINGLESS— adj. 

(a) inepttis, stuttiis, Indnis. Perhaps 
confusus, incertus, vdnus, irrttus. 
Fhr. , /rdctx voces. 

(b) of sounds, e.g. a meaningless cry, 
vox incerta, sdniis mixius. 
MEANLY — adv., malS ; perhaps in- 

digne. (Add sometimes purum decen- 
tSr, and of birth, de plehi.) 



MEANNESS— subst. 
(a) sordes 3 f. pi. ; ded?cus 3 n. 

Ep. base, unworthy, &c. 
(6) poverty. Translate by adj., e.g. 

the meanness of her dress = sordldS. 

vestis 3 f. 

MEANWHILE— adv., intgrSd, inter- 
im. 

MEASTTEE— subst. 
(a) mensurd 1. Sometimes = length, 

sputlum 2. 
(6) limit, mMUs 2 ; finis 3 m. and f. ; 

terminus 2. 

Phr., without measure = limitless, 
q. V. 

(c) quantity, as " a measure of wine." 
Render by cup, flagon, &c., q. v.; 
" a measure of corn," perhaps m^S- 
dim 2 (H.). 

(d) metre, nuineri 2 pi. ; pedes 3 m. pi. 

(e) dance, q. v. 

(/) plan, "to take measures." Use 
consiilo 3. See Design. 
MEASTTEE, to— v. act. 

(a) metidr 4 ; metdr 1. 

(b) to traverse, metidr 4; percurro 3; 
lUstro 1. 

(c) to allot, q. V. 
MEASTJEED— adj. 

(a) rhytlimical, perhaps mdduldtus. 

(b) stately, dignified, e.g. to walk at a 
measured pace, perhaps superbus, 
auguftriA inredCre, &c. 
MEASUEELESS — adj., immenms, 

pr6fundus. 

Phr., sine fine, sine limlte. 

MEASITEEMENT- subst., mensiira 1. 

MEASUEEE— .<ubst., meiisdr 3 m. 

MEASUEING-EOD— subst., pertlca 1 
(Prop.) ; decempeda 1 (lit. ten foot rod). 

MEAT — subst. 
(a) literally card 3 f. ; sometimes use 

adj. {cdro being understood), e.g. 

ferind 1 (venison); dgnind 1 (H.), 

(lamb). 
(6) food (1) of man, cTbii/: 2 ; dlimenfum 

2; escd 1. Often use Jupe!> 3 f. pi.; 

epulse 1 pi. ; coend 1'; (2) of beasts, 

cibus 2 ; dlimentum 2 ; escd 1 ; pdbU- 

lum 2. Use often pdscud 2 pi. ; 

herbd 1 ; grdmen 3 n. ; virgilta 2 pi. ; 

fenum 2 (hay). 

Ej). simpli'. scanty, abundant, &c. 

MECHANIC — adj., surdldus, servUs 
servilis (Prop.). See Base. 



MECHANIC 



( 223 ) 



MEINIE 



MECHANIC— 8ubst.,/a6^'r 2; Splfex 
3 m. and f. ; drtlfex 3 m. and f. 

MEDAL— subst., ndmisina 3 n. (H.). 
Perhaps aureus 2 (Juv.) ; nummus 2. 

Ep. honourable, well earned, &c. 

MEDALLION — subst., aurmus 2 
(Mart.). 

MEDDLE, to— V. act. (with " with ")• 
Use tdTigo 3. 

Phr., me lmmlsc?o 2. 

MEDDLER — subst., anWto 3 m. 
(Mart.). 

MEDDLESOME, MEDDLING— adj., 
curioms, perhaps qficiosus. 

Phr., nhnium, or mdlg sedulus, nimtum 
studloms, &c. 

MEDIATE, to— V. neut. Phr., me- 
dium 86 djferr^. Often = to reconcile, 
compono 3 ; or to arbitrate, judlco 1 ; 
dljudico 1. 

MEDIATE — adj. = intervening, me- 
dium, interjectus ('i'ib.). 

MEDIATOR — subst., m?diu8. Some- 
times arbiter 2 ; judex 3 m. ; sSqmstSr 
3 m. (Luc). 

MEDIATRESS — subst., gequeetra, of. 
Verg. xi. 133. 

MEDICATE, to — ^v. act., medico 1. 

MEDICINAL — adj., mSdtcug, salubSr, 
saliiU'iris, mlutifSr. 

MEDICINE ' — subst., medlcina 1 ; 
mSdicum?n 3 n. ; midicdt&s 4 (a charm). 
Often SUCU8 2 ; poculS 2 pi. 

Phr., Psednlse lierbse 1 pi. ; suci 2 pi., 
saluhres, &c. 

Ep. healthful, soothing, powerful, 
Pffionian {Psedn'ius), Machaonian 
(MachtKfnriis), &c. 

MEDIOCRE — adj., mSdldcrls. 

MEDIOCRITY — subst., ingdlocritds 
3 f. ; mddus 2. 

MEDITATE, to— v. act., medttirr 1 ; 
fingo 3 ; inrgnio 4 ; cog Ho 1 ; paro 1 ; 
mdliOr 4 ; ugUo 1 ; ago 3 ; volvo 3 ; 
verso 1 ; vdluto 1. 

MEDITATION— subst., cogltatlo 3 f. 
(Cat., Mart.). Usually render by mens 
3 f., with epithet, e.g. tuc'du, stiidiosa, 
vigil, or by the verbs given above. 
MEDIUM — subst., interprea 3 m. 
MEDLAR — subst., mespilits 2 f. (no 
poetical authority). 

MEDLEY — subst. Perhaps tumultus 
4; caetusi; concursus i; turbd 1. 
Ep. confused, dense, &c. 



MEDLEY — adj. = confused, q. v. 
MEED— subs^. 
(a) reward, praemium 2 ; merces 3 f . ; 
prfftium 2. Often munus 3 n. ; 
donum 2. 

Ep. well-earned, just, excessive, 
sc&nty, &c. 
(6) desert, mSrltum 2; Mn^fdctum 2. 

Sometimes oMsum 2 ; virtifs 3 f . ; laus 

3f. 

Ep. great, conspicuous, &c. 

MEEK — adj., mltis, lenTs, placldiis, 
trdnqulUui>, humllls. 

MEEKLY— adv. = humbly, q. v. 

MEEKNESS— subst., obsffqulum 2. 

Phr., mens 3 f. ; humllls, mills, &c. 

Ep. gentle, humble, &c. 

MEET — adj. = fit, dptus, Idon^us, 
uttlls, comm^dus, dccomm/idus, hablUs, 
opportunus. 

MEET, to — V. act., convSmo 4 ; (Prop.) 
occur r 5 3. 

Phr., obvlus sum, irr., or go, irr. ; 
me oppono 3, objicto 3, offSro, irr., &c. 

V. neut. 

(o) concurro 3 ; convgnlo 4 ; confiUo 3 ; 

cdSo, irr. ; dffluo 3 ; glffmerdr 1. 

Phr., se glSmSrdrS 1, cogSrS 3, colll- 
gSrS 3, contralierS 3, denser S 2. 
(6) to meet with, to find, invgnlo 4. 

Phr., incido 3, irr., with in and ace. 

MEET — subst., of hounds. See Meet- 
ing. 

MEETING— subst. 
(a) assembly, concursUs 4 ; coetus 4 ; 

cd7iventus 4. Often cdrona 1 ; turba 1 ; 

concilium 2 ; frPquentla 1. 

Ep. thronged, joyous, noisy, angry, 
&c. 
(6) interview, congressus 4 ; coUdqulum 

2 ; fr?quentla 1. 

Ep. wished-for, sudden, &c. 
(c) of rivers = confluence, q. v. 
(rf) act of meeting, occursus 4. 

MEETING-PLACE— subst. Use Id- 
eas 2. 

Phr., Idcus 2 ; jussus, compdsltus, 
destlndtus. 

MEETLY— adv. = fitly, dpte, con- 
vfnlenter, dgcent?r. 

MEINIE — subst. = retinue, cdmltd- 
tus 4 ; caterva 1. Use also comites 
3 m. pi. ; famuli 2 pi. ; satellites 3 m. 
pi. 

Ep. crowded, loyal, armed, &c. 



MELANCHOLY 



C 224 ) 



MEND 



MELANCHOLY— subst., tristma_ 1 ; 
msegtitia 1 ; ddllk 3 m. ; luctus 4 ; mserSr 
3 m. ; dngdr 3 m. ; serumna 1. [&c. 

Ejj. gloomy, silent, perpetual, vain, 

MELANCHOLY — adj., tristU, meestus, 
Iwjubris, gravis, sollicttus, acerbiis, md-^ 
lestus, mpgr, Idmentabtlts, lacrimabilis, 
IScrlimsus, flebiUs, flenclus, misir, misS- 
rdbilis. See Mopbnfdl. 

MELEE — subst., tumultus 4 ; turhd 1. 
Often certdm^n 3 n. ; pugna 1 ; acies 5 ; 
Mars 3 m. ; c^des 3 f. ; sdnguU 3 m., &c. 

Ep. dense, dusty, mad, bloody, &c. 

MELLIFLUOUS— adj., mellMs (no 
good authority), mellitug (H., Cat.). 
See Sweet. 

MELLOW— adj. 

(a) of fruit, mitts, mdturus. 

(b) of wine, inltls, Idngutdus, lenis ; to 
grow mellow, Idngwsco 3. 
MELLOW, to — ^v. act., mdturo 1 ; 

cdiiuo 3. 

V. neut., mdturescd 3 ; mltesco 3 ; 

cdqtUSr 3. 

MELLOWNESS— subst. Phr., ietds 
3 f. ; indtitra or mdturidr. 

MELODIOUS — adj., canoriis, drgutus, 
dulcfs, bJdndus. 

MELODIOUSLY— adv. Phr., can&ra 
rocS, &c., perhaps In numSrum. 

MELODY— subst. 

(a) sweetness of sound, perhaps con- 
cordla 1 ; conceutus 4. 

Phr., dulcis sSnitus 4 ; or vox 3 f., 
dulcls, cdnora, &c. 

Ep. sweet, tuneful, loud, soft, wood- 
land, rustic, jeijeated, &c. 

(b) a tune or strain, mddus 2 ; num^ri 

2 pi. ; cdntus 4 ; edrmSn 3 n. ; can6r 

3 m. Sometimes vox 3 f . ; Mus& 1 ; 
mSlds 3 n. ; may be used in IvTics but 
not in elegiacs. 

MELT, to — V. act. 
(a) solvo 3 ; dlssolvo 3 ; mollld 4 ; di- 

luo 3. 
(6) to melt metal, conflo 1 ; of metal 

implements, diffingo 3 ; rScSquo 3. 

(c) to melt the heart. Use commSvSo 
2 ; exclto 1 ; aglto 1 ; mffvgo 2 ; vinco 
3; flectoS. 

V. neut., llqudr 3 ; Uquescd 3 ; 

liquffio, irr. ; solvSr 3 ; dissolvSr 3 ; de- 
llquesco 3 ; molll6r 4 ; tdbesco 3 ; diluffr 
3 ; rSmollesco 3. Snow melting in the 
sun, nia; soi^ mSdens (Ov. jHer. xiii. 52). 



MELTED — adj., dildpsus, llquidiis, 

Itquffdctus, sdlutm. 
MELTING— adj. 

(a) \A-Ami\\e,fleb1lU, lugubris, trlstis, &o. 

(6) melting (eves), putris, Idngueiis. 
MEMBEE— subst. 

(a) limb, q. v. 

(6) citizen, q. v. 

(c) comrade, q. v. 

MEMBEESHIP— subst. = fellowship, 

q. V. 

MEMOBABLE — adj., m^mdrabtlts, 

mSindrdndus. Often = illustrious, q. v. 
MEMOBIAL — subst., mOnumentum 

2; vinem8syn8n2n. ((j&t.y Oiienpignus 

3 n. ; slgnum 2 ; indicium 2 ; exem- 

plum 2. 

Ep. lasting, bronze, marble, honour- 
able, worthy, &c. 
MEMOEY— subst. 

(a) Phr., metis 3 f . ; pectus 3 n. ; cor 3 n., 
&c. ; m^mOr. Sometimes imago 3 f. 
The word ddm/fnttus 4 (= a remind- 
ing) may sometimes be employed. 
See Ov. Fast. iii. 612, and Trist. iii. 
vi. 30. Often render by personifica- 
tion, MnemOspne 3 f. (lit. goddess of 
memory), but there is no good autho- 
rity for this use. In "Verg. Eel. ix. 
51, animus — memory. Sometimes 
render by converting the sentence, 
e.g. your memory shall live = obli- 
vion shall not destroy your name, 
non Vincent Sbllvla ndm?n, &c. 

(6) to commit to memory, edlsco 3. 

(c) to consign to memory = to record, 
q. V. 

(d) to keep in memory = to remember, 
q. V. 

MENACE, to — V. act., mlnffr 1 ; mlnt- 
tdr 1. 

Phr., minds intento 1 ; jdcto 1 ; incU- 
tio 3 ; dddo 3 ; spdrgo 3 ; exercSo 2, &c. ; 
mindci vocS terrSo 2, &c. Sometimes = 
to forbode, q. v. 

MENACE— subst., minx 1 pi. 

Phr., vox 3 f. or lingua 1, mJndx; 
verba 2 pi. mtndcla, &c. 

MENACING — adj., mindx, mtndns, 
minUdns. Often torvus, dspgr, horren- 
dUs, gravis, &c. 

MENACINGLY— adv., minantgr. 

MEND, to— V. act. 
(a) in literal sense, sdrcio 4 ; rgftcio 3 ; 

rSparo 1. 



MEND 



( 225 ) 



MERRY 



(6) to amend, corrlgo 3 ; emendo 1 ; 

cdstigo 1. 
(c) to improve, q. v. 

MEND, to — V. neut. = to improve, 
q. V. 

MEND ACIOITS— adj . , menddx, falms, 
perfidus, perjurus, falldx. 

MENDACITY— subst., menddclum 2 ; 
perjuria 2 pi. ; commentum 2. 

MENDICANT— subst. = beggar, q. v. 

MENIAL — adj., servUis (Prop), ser- 
vSs. Often = base, q. v. 

MENIAL — subst. = servant, q. v. 

MENTAL — adj. Render by gen. 
case of mens 3 f . ; animus 2 ; e.g. mental 
powers = vis 3 f . dnimi ; vis ingeni, &c. 

MENTALLY — adv., mentS, dnlmo, lit. 
in the mind ; sometimes secum. 

MENTION, to— V. act., m^m^o 1; 
commSmOro 1 ; ndrro 1 ; died 3 ; rSfSro, 
irr. ; cSlebro 1; laudo 1. Sometimes 
cano 3 ; sdno 1. 

MENTION— subst. Render by verb, 
e.g. I make mention of, mSmdro 1, &c. 
See above. 

MEPHITIC — adj., = fetid, q. v. 
(Verg. M%. vii. 84). 

MEECENAEY — adj., vendlis, mercd- 
hilis. 

Phr., lucri studlosus, lucro deditus, 
&c., auro cdptUs. 

MERCENARY— subst., conductus. 

Phr., merced?, prStio, &c., conductus. 

MERCHANDISE- subst., merx 3 f. ; 
merces 3 f. pi. 

Ep. rich. Eastern, precious; often 
use local epithet, e.g. Tyrian (Tprtiis\ 
Indian {Indtcus, Indus), Bithynian 
(^Biihynus, TTiynus), &c. 

MERCHANT— subst., mercdtdr 3 m. 
Sometimes emptffr 3 m. ; institdr 3 m. 

Ep. bold, roaming, wealthy, &c. 

MERCIFUL — adj., clemens, mitts, 
pldcdbiUs, exordbilis, fdcilis, pius, hS- 
nignus. 

MERCIFULLY— adv., leniter. Usu- 
ally render by adj. e.g. quSd viro clemens 
misSro pSperci (Hor. Od. 3, 11, 46). 

MERCILESS — adj., inexorabills, im- 
misgrdhilts, immitls, impldcdhlUs, im- 
pldcdtus. Often cruel = q. v. 

MERCILESSLY — adv. = cruelly, 
crudelitSr; or render by adj. or subst. 

MERCY — subst., clementid 1 ; bdnitds 



3 f . ; indXgentia 1 ; vSnia 1. Some- 
times pdx 3 f. 

Phr., at the mercy of, obnoxlus, pSnSs. 

Ep. gentle, unbought, pious, &c. 

MERE— adj. 

(a) unmixed, mSrus, purus, simplex, 
sincerus. 

(b) alone, unils, solus; often render 
by ipsS. 

MERE — subst. = lake, IddU 4 ; stag- 
num 2 ; palUs 3 f . 

Ep. glassy, still, reedy, deep, &c. 

MERELY — adj. = only, tdntum, so- 
lum, tdntummddS. 

MERGE, to— V. act. 

(a) mergo 3 ; immergo 3 ; submergo 3 ; 
obruo'd; demergoS; merso 1. 

(b) to mix, misceo 2 ; commiscSo 2 ; 
confdndo 3. 

MERIT — subst., mSritum 2 ; hSnSfdc- 
tum 2. Sometimes misum 2; virtus 
3 f . ; ZoMs 3 f . 

Ep. conspicuous, great, &c. 

MERIT, to— V. act., mSreo 2 ; m^rSSr 
2 ; emSrSo 2 ; comm^rSo 2 ; pr&mSrSo 2. 

Phr., dignus sum, non indignUs 8ttm» 

MERITED— adj. 

(a) well-merited, m^ritus, Justus, de- 

bltus, dignus. 

Phr., non Imm^ritUs, non injustOSy 
non indebitus. 
(6) ill-merited, imm^rttUs, injicstMSy in- 

dignus, indebitus. 

Phr., non or malS mSritUs, debitSSy 
dignus, &c. 

MERITORIOUS — adj. = praise- 
worthy, q. V. 

MERLE — subst. = blackbird, moru- 
la 1. 

Ep. spring, tuneful, woodland, glossy, 
&c. 

MERMAID — subst. Phr., marina 
nympha 1 (or nymphe), virgo 3 f.; 
coerulSa 1 ; NerSis 3 f . ; Tethpds vMa 1 
(daughter of Tethys); Nerlne 3 f. ; 
NeptUnlne (Cat.); puella 1, with adj. 
sequdrSa, vitrSa, &c. 

Ep. sea, scaly, &o. 

MERMAN— subst. Use Trit&n 3 m. 

MERRILY — adv., Imte, felicitSr, 
gSnldlitSr. 

MERRY — adj., hilaris, Isetus, festus, 
gSnidlls, dvdns, jScosUs. 

Phr., to make merry = to feast, q. v. 



MERRY-MAKING 



( 226 ) 



MIDDLE 



B^or the slang use of the word cf . for- 
tundtus, Ov. Fast. iii. 540. 

MEEEY-MAZING — subst. = feast, 
q. V. 

MESEEMS = methinks, q. v. 

HESH — subst., macula 1. Usually 
= net, q. v. 

Phr., retla 3 pi., maculis distincta = 
the meshy nets ; or use nodi. 

MESPEISE — subst. = contempt, q. v. 

MESS — subst. 

(a) of food = meal (6), q. v. 

(b) dirt, q. v. 

(c) confusion, turha 1 ; tumultus 4. 
MESSAGE — subst., nunttUs 2; mdn- 

ddtum 2 ; jussus 4 ; only abl. sing. 
jussum 2 ; impSrlum 2. Sometimes = 
letter (6), q. v., or report ; fama 1 ; 
rumSr 3 m. 

Phr., nuntXa verba 2 pi. ; to carry a 
message, nuntio 1 ; mdnddta, &c., porto 
1 ; defSro, irr. 

Ep. expected, sudden, swift, sad, 
joyous, cruel, stern, &c. 

'MESSENGEE — subst., nuntlus 2; 
nuntia 1 f. Sometimes = harbinger, 
prsenuntltis 2 ; vdtes 3 m. 

MESSMATE— subst., sdddlls 3 m. ; 
convlctdr 3 m. 

Ep. loyal, joyous, &c. 

METAL — subst., metdllum 2; often 
name particular metals, e.g. iron, cop- 
per, gold, &c. 

Ep. hard, heavy, red, yellow, &c. 

METAL, METALLIC — adj. Use 
adjectives formed from particular 
metals, e.g.ferrgus, ErSus, aur^m, drgen- 
tSus, &c., of sound, tinnulus, crepitans. 

METAMOEPHOSE, to— v. act., trdns- 
fdrmo 1 ; muto 1 ; abSo, irr. ; adultgro 1. 

METE, to — V. act. = to measure, 
mettdr 4 ; mitOr 1. 

METEOE— subst., fdz 3 f. Some- 
times ignis 3 m. 

Phr., Stella facem ducens, fldmmdrum 
gldU 2 pi. Perhaps cdmetd 1 m. Cf. 
Verg. Georg. i. 488. See Comet. 

Ep. bright, nocturnal, biuming, swift, 
&c. 

METEOEIC — adj. Use cifrmeus, 
cSruscdns, micdns; a meteoric stone, 
IdpTit 2 m. de cmlo Idpsiis. 

METHEGLIN— subst. = mead, mul- 
ginn 2 (H., Mart.). 



METHINKS — Translate by vldeifr, 
e.g. audirS vidSdr, methinks I hear, or 
fdlldr an, e.g. fdlldr an audivl = me- 
thinks I heard (lit. am Ijwrong? or did 

1 hear ?) or nisi fdlldr, e.g. JdmquS dies 
nisi fdlldr adest = and now methinks 
the day is come. See also Perhaps. 

METHOD— subst., ratio 3 f . ; mMus 

2 ; via 1 ; consilium 2. [&c. 

Ep. strange, familiar, rash, prudent, 

METEE— subst., numSri 2 pi. ; mddl 

2 pi. ; mStrum 2 (Mart.) ; pes 3 m. Of. 
Ov. Ibis 46. 

Phr., epic metre, ^pds 3 n. ; elegiac 
metre, gl^gl 2 pi. ; lyric metre, Iprd 1. 
Use epithets formed from names of 
poets, e.g. Mmdnlum cdrmSn 3 n. ; 
Homer's song, i.e. epic ; Pindarlca lyrS. 
1, &c. [&c. 

Ep. tuneful, stately, sad, triumphant, 

METEICAL — adj." Phr., ad (or in) 
numlrum. 

METTLE — subst. = courage, anlmtis 
2 ; auddclu 1 ; spirltus 4 (Prop.). Some- 
times drddr 3 m. ; impetus 4 ; lestus 4 ; 
vis 3 f . ; furdr 3 m. ; virtus 3 f. 

Ep. inborn, present, keen, &c. 

METTLED, METTLESOME — adj., 
(with " high ") anlmosus, auddx, fSrox, 
interrltus, audeiis. 

MEW — subst., (sea-mew). Use met- 
gus 2. 

Ep. swift, sea, timid, &c. 

MEW — subst. = cage, cavSa 1 ; car- 
eer 3 m. 

MEW, to— V. act. 
(a) to imprison, q. v. 
(6) to change, muto 1 ; permuto 1. 

MEW — v. neut. (as a cat). Use quS- 
rSr 3 ; strideo 2. 

MICELE — adj. = great, q. v. 

MID— adj. 

(a) mSdlus. 

(b) in mid air, dffrlUs, sublimls. 

(c) mid-day, m?ridles 5. 

Phr., sol m^dlus, dies m^dlus, sol dl- 
tisslmiis, medium sol dttlglt orbem = the 
sum has reached midday. So mSdio 
sol splendSt In orbi, or in dxS, &c. 

(d) midday, adj., m^ridldnus (Mart.) ; 
often may be rendered by m^dlus. 
MIDDLE— adj., mSdlHs. 
MIDDLE — subst., medium 2. Usually 

rendered by myitis, adj. ; e.g. mSdlus 
dies 5 = the middle of the day. 



MIDDLE-AGE 



( 227 ) 



MILKING 



MIDDLE-AGE — subst., mtas 3 f., 

MIDDLING — adj., medtocris. 

MIDGE — subst. = gnat, cuJex 3 m. 

Ep. troublesome, unscruiralous, bbrill, 
&c. 

MIDLAND — adj. See Inland. 

MIDMOST— adj., mSdlus. 

MIDNIGHT— subst. Phr., n«x 3 f., 
miydiu. Perhaps nox, 3 f., intempesta ; 
mSdium noctls tSmptis 3 n., or spatium 
2; mSdid nuctis horu 1. 

MIDNIGHT — adj. Use nocturnus, 
often serus. 

MIDKIFF — subst., prsecordla 2 pi. 

MIDST — adj., medliis. So in the 
midst, sSlio mSdltis consedit = he sat on 
his throne in the midst. 

MIDSUMMER— subst., solstltium 2. 

Phr., media Etas 3 f. ; mSdius sestus 
4 ; or calor 3 m. 

Ep. fiery, dry, &c. 

MIDSUMMER — adj., solstitialts. 
Often render by mSdlus or sestivus. 

MIDWAY — adj., or adv. Express 
by mifdius. See Half-way. 

MIDWIFE — subst., dbstkrlx 3 f. 
Sometimes render by nutrlx 3 f. 

MIDWINTER— subst., hrmrm 1. 

Phr., mSdla bruma 1 ; mSdla litems 
3f. 

MIDWINTER— adj., hrumalls. 

MIEN — subst., gestus i; motm 4; 
habitus 4 ; species 5 ; incessus 4 ; gra- 
du8 4 ; gressus 4. 

Ep. proud, stately, royal, treacherous, 
&c. 

MIGHT— subst., vl», 3 f. ; robur 3 n. ; 
vlgdr 3 m. ; virtus 3 f. ; vires 3 f. pi. 

Plir., with might and main, summis 
or totis vlribiis, tolls ddnlxus vlrlbus, 
summa vi, sumino conamlnS, &c. 

MIGHT — verb. See "May" (of 
which " might " is the past tense). 

MIGHTILY— adv. Phr., sumina. vl, 
summis vlrlbus. 

MIGHTINESS — subst. = greatness, 
q. V. 

MIGHTY— adj. 

(a) strong, pdtens, validus, valens, pol- 
lens. 

(b) huge, ingens, immdnts, mdgnus, vas- 
tus, immensus. 

(c) impetuous, prEceps, vtSlentus, furio- 
s&s, furibundus, demens, insdnus. 



(d) excellent, egrffglus, eximlus, pree- 

stdns, inslgtiis, optlmus. 

MIGRATE, to— V. neut., mlgro 1; 
excedo 3 ; exSo 4, irr. ; abSo 4, irr. ; dis- 
cedo 3 ; proflclscdr 3. 

MIGRATORY — a,di.,ddvSna,externm, 
p^regrlnus. 

MILD— adj. 
(a) kind, benlgniis, almus, mltls, comis, 

amicus, cleinens, bdnus, facllls. 
Qf) gentle, lenls, mltls, placidUs, trdn- 

qulllus, mdnsuetus, iSvls. 

(c) sweet, dulcis, sudvts, grdtus, jucun- 
diis. 

(d) (of climate), mitis, tSpIdiis, tempS- 
rdtus (Mart.), trdctabllis. 

Phr., to grow mild, mltesco 3 ; tffpes- 
co3. 

MILDEW — subst., roblgo 3 f. ; some- 
times situs 4. 

Ep. destructive, rough, hostile to 
crops, farmer, &c. 

MILDEWED — adj. Phr., robiglng 
or situ piilenus, squdlidus, squdlens, ds- 
pSr, nigSr, horrens, &c. 

MILDLY — adv., lenitgr, Mnigne 
amice, bSnS. 

MILDNESS — subst., clementta 1 ; ob- 
sffquium 2 ; bdnltds 3 f . 

Ep. gentle, kindly, &c. 

MILE — subst., in pi. mlllta 3 (jpds- 
situm understood) ; e.g. mlllla qui nd- 
vles dlstat ab urbS decern = which is 90 
miles from Rome ; lapis 3 m. (a mile 
stone) is also used to express dis- 
tance from a large city; e.g. sextus 
ab urbS lapis = a place six miles from 
Rome. 

MILESTONE — subst., lapis 3 m. ; 
mdrmSr 8 n. (Mart.). 

MILITANT— adj., belldns 3 ; belligSr 
2 ; belldt&r 3 ; helllgSrdns (Prop.) ; some- 
times bellicus, belllcosus, pugndx (Mart.), 
cdstrensls (Prop.). 

MILITATE, to — v. neut. (with 
" against "). See Oppose, to. 

MILK — subst,, Idc 3 n. 

Phr., Idctis munSra 3 pi. ; Idctens hu- 
Ttidr 3 m., &c. 

Ep. foaming, pure, white, &c. 

MILK, to — V. act., mulgSo 2. 

Phr., ubSra 3 n., prSmo 3; sicca 
1, &c. 

MILKING — subst. Render by miilc- 
, tra. 1 (milk pail) ; or by the verb. 
Q 2 



MILK-MAID 



( 228 ) 



MINE 



MILK-MAID— subst. Use puelld 1. 
See Maid; perhaps vdccdrum, Svlum, 
&c., euro. 1 = guardian of the cows, 
&c. 

MILK-MAN — subst., (of goats) cd- 
prhnulgus 2 (Cat.). 

MILK-FAIL — subst., mulctra 1 ; 
mulctrdlS 3 n. ; mulctrum 2. 

Ep. wooden, full, clean, &c. 

MILK-WHITE— adj., lactius. See 
White. See, too, Ov. A. A. i. 292. 

MILKY — adj., IdctSus, Idctdns. 

MILKY-WAY — subst. Phr., via 1 
IdctSa. 

MILL — subst., mSla 1 ; fistrinum. 2 
(Cat.). 

Ep. old, dusty, noisy, &c. 

MILL-DAM — subst., moUs 3 f. ; dg- 
gSr 3 m. 

MILLEB — subst. Phr., mSlx custos 
3 m. ; cura 1, &c. 

MILLET— subst., mlltum 2. 

MILLION — adj., a million sesterces 
= dScles centena (mlllia sesterciorum 
being understood) (H.), or dScles alone 
(Mart.). Usually = countless, InnumS- 
rUs, innumSrdbtlis. 

Phr., numSro car ens. 

MILLIONAIRE— subst. Use divSs 
3 ; prsedivSs 3 ; dittssimus Croesus 2. 

MILLSTONE— subst., mSldrls 3 m. 

MIME— subst. 
(o) actor, mimus 2. See Actob. 
(6) farce, mimus 2. 

MIMIC— adj. 

(a) imitative, imitdtSr 3 (subst.) ; imi- 
tatrlx 3 (subst.); Emulus, simuldns 
with genitive case ; a better mimic, 
vocum simiildntidr. 

(b) imitated, stmuldtus, fictus; some- 
times mentitus. 

MIMIC — subst., ImitdtSr 3 m. ; imX- 
tdtrix 3 f. Cf. also Ov. Am. it. vi. 
23, 24. 

MIMIC, to — V. act., imtUfr 1 ; effingo 
3; simiilo 1. 

MIMICBY — subst., slmuldmSn 3 n. 
Perhaps imago 3 f. ; stmuldcrum 2. 

MINASET— subst. Use turrls 3 f. ; 
fdstigia 2 pi. ; ciilm^n 3 n. ; cacumSn 
3 n. ; apex 3 m. 

Ep. glittering, airy, &c. 

MINATOBY — adj., mindx, mindns. 

MINCE, to — V. act., consSco 1 ; con- 
dido 3 ; mlnuo 3 (H.). 



MINCE-MEAT, MINCE-PIE— subst. 
Use cruntum 2; arustulum 2 (H.); 
placenta 1 (H.); Vtbnm 2. 

MINCING — adj. Perhaps TneptilSy 
mdlestm, usually of gait; mollis. To 
walk with a mincing gait or mincingly, 
mnllitSr IncedSrS or IrS. 

MIND— subst. 
(a) intellect, mens 3 f . ; ingffntum 2 ; 

inddles 3 f. 

Ep. wise, foolish, prudent, rash, 
learned, ignorant, &c. 
(6) heart, mens 3 f. ; animus 2 ; cor 

3 n. ; j^cur 3 n. ; pectUs 3 n. ; prx- 

cordia 2 pi. 

Ep. gentle, wrathful, firm, feeble, 
&o. 

(c) opinion, sententia 1 ; judicium 2 ; 
7wen« 3 f ; consilium 2 ; prdpdsltum 2 ; 
sens&s 4. 

Ep. fixed, doubtful, &c. 

(d) memory (to keep in mind), q. v. 
MIND, to — ^v. act. 

(a) to attend, euro 1 ; g?ro 3 ; trdcto 1 

(H.), (mind flocks, &c.). 
(6) to remind, q. v. 

(c) to intend, coglto 1 ; paro 1 ; vdlvo 3 ; 
mSdltSr 1 ; texo 3 ; aglto 1. 

(d) mind = remember, q. v. 
MINDED — adj, to be minded = td be 

inclined. See Incline, to, (6); well- 
minded = friendly, amicus; evil or 
ill-minded = hostile, tnlmlcus, mulig- 
nus, invldui>, lividus, infestus. 

MINDFUL — adj., m^mdr, In^litus. 

Phr., non imm^mffr. To be mindful 
of = to remember, q. v. 

MINDLESS— adj. Phr., mentg ca- 
rens, mentis Inops, dmens. 

MINE — poss. pron., m^us, nostSr. 

MINE— subst. 

(a) in literal sense, m^tdllum 2 
(Lucan); fSdind 1 (no poetical 
authority). 

Phr., mStdlli, auri, eerls, &o. ; venS 1 ; 
or venE 1 pi. ; terrie viscera 3 pi. 
Ep. d^'^} hidden, rich, &c. 

(b) in military sense, cunic&lus 2 (no 
good poetical authority). Use also 
Idtebrse 1 pi. ; insidtse 1 pi., &c. 

(c) used figuratively, "a mine of 
learning," " a mine of wealth," use 
thesaurus 2 or fans 3 m. 

MINE, to — V. act. 
(a) to dig, fdd'.o 3 ; effSdlo 3 ; cdvo 1. 



MINER 



( 229 ) 



MIRAGE 



(b) to undermine, svibruo 3 ; subverto 3 ; 
sometimes lab?facid 3; quatlo 3; 
concutiu 3 ; cunvello 3. 
MINER— subst. Use/os?^r 3 m. 
MINERAL— subst., mStdUum 2. 
MINGLE, to — V. act., misc^o 2 ; com- 

miscSo 2 ; con/undo 3 ; tempSro 1 ; 
Inters^ro 3; ddmlscgo 2; immiscSo 2; 
permisc^c)2; sometimes fwr&o 1. 

V. neut. Use passive voices of 

verbs above or the active verbs with 
me, 86, &c. ; e.g. se hdsttbus immiscuit = 
he mingled with the foe. 

MINGLING— subst. 
(a) mistura 1 (Lucret.). 
(6) confusion, twrba 1 ; tumultus 4 ; 

mot us 4. 

MINIATURE — subst. Perhaps 
sigiUa 2 pi. 

MINIM — subst. = dwarf, q. v. 

MINING — subst. Sometimes/o88a 1. 
See Mine (a), and Mine, to. 

MINION— subst. 

(a) darling, q. v. 

Ep. loyal, loving, &c. 
(6) dependant or servant, cliens 3 m. ; 

minister 2 ; famulus 2 ; satell^s 3 m. 

MINISH, to — V. act. = to diminish, 
mtniio 3 ; diminuo 3 (Prop.) ; tenuo 1 ; 
dttSnuo 1. 

MINISTER— subst. 
(ji) minister 2 ; mlnistra 1 ; cliens 3 m. ; 

famulus 2 ; famuld 1 ; satellis 3 m. 

Sometimes pu^r 2. 

Ep. trusty, treacherous, armed, &c. 
(6) agent, minister 2 ; nuntius 2. 

Phr., the minister of Juno's wrath, 
arbiter irse Jun&nis. (Ov. Her. ix. 45). 

(c) ambassador, legdtus 2 ; orat^ 3 m. 
MINISTER, to— V. neut. 

(o) to be in attendance, minlstro 1 ; 
servio 4 ; famiildr 1 (Cat.). 

(b) to conduce to, prosum, irr. ; pro- 
ficto 3; conduco 3 (H.); /ac?d 3, 
with ad. 

V. act. = to supply, prxb^o 2 ; 

tufficto 3 ; ministro 1 ; j»aro 1 ; do 1 ; 
suppSdito 1 ; prsesto 1 ; porrigo 3. 

MINISTERING, MINISTRANT — 
adj. Render by subst., minister 2 ; 
ministra 1 ; or by part, of verbs for to 
minister, or by phrases, e.g. quse prse- 
stat dpem, qum juvat or iSvat segrum. 

MINISTRY — subst., mlnisterlum 2; 
offlclum 2. 



Ep. honourable, base, sad, joyous, 
&c. 

MINNOW — subst., piscXculus 2 (no 
good authority). 

MINOR — adj. = petty, mlnutus 
(Prop.), parvus, extguus. 

MINOTAUR — subst., mlnotaurus 2. 

MINSTER— subst., templum 2 ; Mes 
3 f . ; delubrum 2 ; fdnum 2 ; sacellum 2 ; 
ddptum 2. 

Ep. ancient, sacred, mossy, stately, 
&c. 

MINSTREL— subst., ftdicSn 3 m.; 
vdtes 3 m. ; cdntdr 3 m. (H.) ; cdntdtSr 
3 m. (Mart.) ; citharxdus 2 (H.). 

Ep. tuneful, joyous, old, skilful, &c. 

MINSTRELSY— subst. 

(a) cantus i; concentus 4; may often 
be rendered by lyre, q. v. 

Ep. joyous, rustic, &c. 

(b) band of minstrels. 

Phr., vocdlis turba 1, maniis 4 f. ; 
cdntores 3 pi. (H.) ; votes 3 m. 

MINT— subst. 
(a) aromatic herb, msntha 1 ; perhaps 

slsymbrla 2 pi. 
(&) for money, perhaps mSneta or 

mdnetse templum. Cf . Ovid. Fasti, i. 

638; vi. 183. 

MINT, to — v. act. 
(ffl) to coin, signo 1. 
(fe) to forge, q. v. 

MINUET— subst. Perhaps motUs 4. 
See Dance, to. 

MINUTE — adj. = small, parvus, 
extguus, mlnutus (Prop.), brSvXs. 

MINUTE — subst., punctum 2 (H.); 
usually with tempOris, horw, or diei. 

Ep. brief, fleeting, &c. 

MINX— subst. Phr., puella 1 ; p^tu- 
Idns, prOterva, prdcdx, &G. 

MIRACLE — subst., mirdcUlum 2 ; 
portentum 2; prodtgium 2; signum 2; 
monstrum 2. Often ostentum 2 ; omen 
8n. 

Ep. divine, wondrous, incredible, &c. 

MIRACULOUS — Use insdlUus, Jn- 
suetus, mirus, mirablUs. See Mar- 
vellous. 

MIRAGE — subst. No equivalent. 
Use phrases, e.g. uqum distdntis imago 
3 f. ; slmuldcrd 2 pi., pdludts ; firtd 
dqudrum species 5 ; qu% species 5, fictls 
lumlndfdllit dquis, &c. 



MIRE 



( 230 ) 



MISGIVE 



_KIB£ — subst., latum 2 ; limus 2 ; 
coenum 2. 

Ep. filthy, wet, wintry, &c. 

KISBOR— subst., speculum 2. Latin 
poets often speak of calm water as a 
mirror. 

Ej). bright, polished, veracious, &c. 

MIBTH — subst., mtltia 1 (no plural) ; 
gciuclium 2. Sometimes jdcus 2 ; liidus 
2 ; risiis 4. 

Ep. reckless, unrestrained, idle, &c. 

MIBTHFUL — adj., lEtiis, hilar is, 
festux, gaudens, dvdns, gSnXdlis, jScosus. 

MIRTHPULLY — adv., Ixte, gSnl- 
aJUFr. 

MIBT — adj., lutSus, lutHlentus, limo- 
siis, ccenosUs (Juv.). Often = dirty, 
q. V. 

MISANTHROPE — subst. Perhaps 
Tlmon 3 m. may be used, or a phrase ; 
e.g. inhumanus sSnexS m; vlr2, sdclis 
Infestus, &c. 

MISAPPLY, to— V. act., Shutdr 3. 
See. Abuse, to. 

MISBECOME, to— V. act., dedScSt 2 
(only in 3rd person). 

Phr., malS or non dScSt, convSnlt 
(only in 3rd person). 

MISBEHAVE, to — v. act. Phr., 
malS se gFrerU, prxstdrF, &c. 

MISCABBIAGE — subst. = failure, 
q. v. 

MISCABEY, to— v. neut. = fail (c), 
q. V. 

MISCELLANEOUS — adj., varius, 
multiplex. 

MISCHANCE — subst., casus 4; in- 
. fortunium 2 (H.) ; adversa 2 pi. ; m^ala 
2 pi. ; lahores 3 m. pi. 

Phr., res 5, ddversx ; sors 3 f ., dura, 
aspfra, &c. ; fdti inclementia 1, &c. 

Ep. sudden, undeserved, adverse, 
&c. 

MISCHIEF — subst., damnum 2; de- 
trimentvm 2 (H.); malum 2; Incom- 
mddum 2 ; jdctura 1 (loss) ; clddes 3 f., 
(disaster) ; to do mischief = to harm, 
q. V. 

Phr., a mischief to him, qu8d nffc 
vertat hSnS (Verg. Eel. ix. 6). 

Ep. spiteful, unforeseen, childish, 
&c. 

MISCHIEF-MAKEB — subst. Phr., 
scSlSrum inventdr 3 m. ; auctSr 3 m. ; 
fictSr 3 m., &c. 



MISCHIEVOUS— adj. 

(n) harmful, q. v. 
(li) malicious, q. v. 

MISCONDUCT — stibst., delictum 2; 
culpa 1 ; peccdtum 2 ; crimSn 3 n. 

MISCBEANT— subst. Perhaps pro- 
dttSr 3 m. ; imprdbus or perftdus. 

MISDEED— subst. = crime, q. v. 

MISDIBECT, to — V. act. = to mis- 
lead, q. V. 

MISDOEB — subst. = criminal, q. v. 

MISDOUBT, to — ^v. act. = to distrust, 
diffldo 3. Sometimes suspicSr 1 ; tl- 
mF6 2. 

Phr., malS credo 3 ; malS fido 3. 

MISEB — suKst. Use avdriis, adj. 

Phr., vlr 2 ; lucri cuptdus, studiosus, 
&c. 

MISEB ABLE— adj. 
(a) unhappy, (of persons) misSr, m- 

felix, misFrabilis, misSrdndus, trtstts. 

Phr., malts vexdius, agltdtus, obrutus, 

dfflicius, &c. 
(6) (of things) Infaustus, irlstts, maluSy 

mlsSr, mU?rdhilis, misFrdndus, fie- 

btlts, flendus, lacrimSbilU, Idmentd- 

hilis, acerbus, dffllctus, lugubris, funes- 

tus, durus, gravis. 
(c) contemptible, dsperndndus, con- 

temnendiis, spernendus, vllis, sordtd- 

us, hiimilis. 

MISEBABLY— adv., misFre, mMrd- 
btlS, flebilF, fleblliter ; sometimes acerba 
n. pi., dlra n. pi. 

MISEBLY — adj., avdriis, sordldus, 
turpls. See Miser. 

MISEBY— subst. 
(a) grief, ddldr 3 m. ; luctus 4 ; mxrdr 

3 m. ; dngdr 3 m. ; tristitta 1 (no 

plural); mxstltla 1 (no plural) ; terum- 

na 1. 

Ep. incurable, lasting, undeserved, 
&c. 
(6) misfortune, q. v. 

MISFOETUNE— subst., casus 4; tn- 
fortuntum 2 (H.) ; adversa 2 pi. ; mala 
2 pi. ; Idbores 3 m. pi. 

Phr., res 5, ddversm ; sors 3 f., durS, 
dspSra, &c. ; fdti inclementia, &c. 

Ep. sudden, ruinous, undeserved, 
&c. 

MISGIVE, to — V. act. in the phrase, 
" my heart misgives me," use diiblto 1 ; 
hserSo 2 ; flUctuo 1 ; flUtto 1 (H.) ; pen- 
dSo2. 



MISGIVING 



( 231 ) 



MISTRESS 



MISGIVING — subst., anxUtds 3 f. 
See Fear, Doubt. 

MISGOTTEN— adj. Phr., malg pdr- 
ttis, qumsitiis, &c. 

MISGOVERNED— adj. = headstrong, 
q. V. 

MISGUIDE, to — V. act. = to mislead, 
q. V. 

MISGUIDED — adj., demens, dmens, 
insunus, staitus. 

MISHAP — subst. = misfortune, q. v. 

MISINTEEPEET, to— v. act. Phr., 
malS explico 1 ; mdlS intelltgo 3 ; malS 
cdgnosco 3 ; malS perciplo 3. 

MISJUDGE, to— V. act. Phr., maU 
judico 1 ; malS Esttmo 1. 

MISLAY, to — V. act. = to lose (6), 
q. V. 

MISLEAD, to — V. act., faUo 3 ; de- 
clpto 3 ; ludo 3 ; deludo 3 ; prodo 3. 

Phr., I am misled, me deciplt errdr 
3 m. 

MISLIKE, to — V. act. = to dislike, 
q. V. 

Phr., it mislikes me, mJlit dlspltcSt. 

MISMANAGE, to — v. act. Phr., 
mal? g?ro 3 ; mdl? trdcto 1. 

MISNAME, to— V. act. = to call by 
a wrong name. 

Phr., fdlso ndmXnS vdco 1 ; dppello 1, 
&c. 

MISPLACE, to — V. act. Phr., to 
misplace confidence, malS fido 3 ; mdlS 
credo 3; confidence in a foe is mis- 
placed, inalg creditur hosti. 

MISBULE — subst. = confusion, turbd 
1 ; tumultus 4. ! 

Phr., "lord of misrule," perhaps 
drbit?r 2, htbendi. 

MlSS^subst. = mistress, q. v. (See 
Flirt.) 

MISS, to — V. act. 

(a) not to hit (a mark, &c.), use erro 
1 V. n. ; or phrases, telum, jaculum, 
&c., frustrd mitto 3 ; tela irrita mitto 
3 ; metam frustrd p^to 3 ; non tdngo 
3 ; rmi ad?o, irr. 

(b) to omit, dmltto 3 ; dmltto 3 ; neg- 
iTgo 3 ; prxtgrgo, irr. 

(c) to feel the want of, desid^ro 1 ; 
rSquiro 3. 

Phr., des'uUrlo vinctrr 3 ; tSneSr 2, &c. 

MISSHAPEN — adj., informU, de- 
formis, turpls, prdmis (H.), disiortus 
(H.). 



MISSILE — subst., telum 2 ; jaculum 
2 ; missllS 3 n. ; spiculum 2. 

Ep. winged, swift, deadly, iron, &c. 

MISSILE — adj., mlssilts, jaeuldbiUs. 

MISSING — adj., dbsens. 

Phr., to be missing, rSquirSr 3 ; dS- 
sldSrSr 1 ; dbsum, irr., desum, irr., de- 
flclo 3. 

MISSION— subst. 

(a) embassy, use legdtl 2 pi. ; ordtores 
3 m. pi. 

(b) duty, munus 3 n. ; offtcXum 2 ; minis- 
tSrlum 2 ; pdrtes 3 f . pi. ; vices 3 f . pi. 
Ep. sad, joyous, daily, secret, &c. 
MISSIVE— subst. = letter, q. v. 
MISSPEND, to — V. act., perdo 3. 
MIST — subst., nebula 1 ; nubes 3 f. ; 

vapOr 3 m. ; der 3 m. ; sometimes = 
darkness, q. v. 

Ep. evening, marshy, deadly, blind, 
rising, &c. 

MISTAKE— subst., errdr 3 m.; de- 
lictum 2 ; culpa 1 ; errdtum 2 ; peccd- 
tum 2. 

Phr., "by mistake," translate by 
tnscius, igndrus, imprudens, Invitiis, 
negclus. 

Ep. slight, pardonable, grievous, 
irremediable, &c. 

MISTAKE, to — V. act. Usually 
render by phrases with the adjectives 
given above ; e.g. he mistakes him for 
an enemy, insclus hostem judicat ; or 
with the preposition pro, e.g. he mis- 
takes false for ,true, pro verts falsa 
caplt. 

V. neut. = to be mistaken, 

erro 1 ; fdllOr 3 ; decipidr 3. 

MISTIMED — adj. Use Ixviis, iii- 
fdudii^. liifempestivus. 

MISTINESS— subst. See Mist. 

MISTLETOE— subst., vlscum 2. 

Ep. I'ovous, wintry, &c. 

MISTRESS— subst. 
(a) ddmlnd 1 ; hSra 1 ; mdtrond 1 ; adj. 

Mrills. 

Ep. proud, kind, stem, &c. 
(6) sweetheart, puella 1 ; ddmlna 1 ; 

sometimes VSnus 3 f. ; amSr 3 m. ; de- 

liclee 1 pi. ; ignis 3 m. ; cura 1 ; vita 

1 ; lux 3 f. 

Ep. dear, loving, faithful, &c. 

(c) concubine, pellex 3 f. ; arnica 1 ; 
mSrStrix 3 f . 

(d) teacher, magistrd 1. 



MISTRUST 



( 232 ) 



MODULATE 



MISTBTTST — subst. = distrust, diffi- 
dentia 1. 

MISTKUST, to— V. act., diffido 3. 
Sometimes susptcdr 1 ; tlmio 2 ; mituo 
3. 

Phr., malg credo 3 ; mali fido 3. 

MISTKXrSTFTIL— adj. = distrustful, 
q. V. 

MISTY — adj., n^ulosHs, nubiliis, ob- 
scurus, crassu?, humJdus, Jiumens. 

MISUNDEKSTAND, to — v. act. 
Phr., non inteUigo 3 ; malS percipio 3 ; 
now inenti capio 3, &c. Of. Ov. Fast. 
ii. 716. 

MISUSE, to— V. act. 
(o) to abuse (o), q. v. 
(6) to misspend, perdo 3. 

MISUSE — subst. Perhaps jacfwra 1; 
or render by verb. 

MITE— subst. 

(a) dwarf, q. v. 

(b) a small coin, stips 3 f. 
MITIGATE, to — V. act., mitlgo 1; 

mollio 4 ; lenlo 4 ; sedo 1 ; compesco 3 ; 
placo 1 ; trdnquillo 1 ; sSreno 1 ; iim- 
pSro 1. 

MITRE — subst., mitra 1 ; apex 3 m. 

Ep. august, sacred, &c. 

MITRED — adj., mitrdtus (Prop.), 
aplcatus. 

MITTEN — subst. See Glove. 

MIX, to — V. act., misced 2; c&m- 
muceo 2 ; confundo 3 ; infundo 3 ; 
tempSro 1 ; ddmisceo 2 ; immisc^o 2 ; 
permiscSo 2 ; sometimes turbo 1. 

V. neut. Use passive voices of 

verbs above, or actives with me, se, 
&c. ; e.g. sese hostibus immiseent, they 
mix with the foe. 

MIXED — adj., mixtUs, permixtiis, 
con f mils, indiscretus. 

MIXEDLY — adv. = confusedly, q. v. 

MIXTURE— subst., mistura 1 (Lu- 
cret.). 

MOAN, to — ^v. act. = to groan, g^mo 
3 ; ingSmo 3 ; suspiro 1 ; cong?md 3. 

Phr., gSmltus 4; susplrla 2 pi. ; do 
1 ; edo 3 ; mitto 3 ; died 3 ; dSo 
2, &c. 

MOAN — subst., gSmXt&s 4 ; gmpirlum 
2 ; sometimes murmur 3 n. 

Ep. repeated, hoarse, secret, &c. 

MOAT— subst., /ossa 1. 

MOB — subst. See Crowd (o) & (6). 

MOBILE — adj., mobllls. 



MOCK, to — ^T. act. 

(a) to deride, ludo 3; iUiido 3; rld^ 
2 ; deridio 2 ; irridCo 2. 

(b) to beguile, /alio 3 ; decipid 3 ; ludd 
3 ; deludo 3 ; cdpXo 3. 

MOCK — adj. = false, /ictus, fdlgiis, 
mentitus, commentus. 

Phr., noil virus. 

MOCKER — subst., irrlsSr 3 m. 
(Prop); derlsdr 3 m. (H., Mart.). 

MOCKERY — subst., ludtbrtum 2 ; 
risus 4. 

Ep. spiteful, idle, unrestrained, &c. 

MOCKING — adj. Use malignus, im- 
prdbus ; a mocking bird, use imitatrlx 
digs 3 ; also Ov. Am. Ii. vi. 23, 24. 

MODE — subst. See Manner (a). 

MODEL — subst., exemplum 2; ex- 
emplar 3 n. (H.). 

Ep. perfect, conspicuous, new, &c. 

MODEL — adj. Use egrgglUs, eximiusy 
perfectus. 

MODEL, to — ^v. act, fingo 3; /abrtco 
1 ; formo 1 ; effingo 3 ; exprimo 3. 

MODERATE— adj. 
(a) temperate, mddicus, mdd^rdtiis, 

tempgrdtus, vSrecundus, mSdSrdbllU. 
(hi) middling, mSdlocris, mddicus. 

MODERATE, to— v. act. 
(a) to allay, tempSro 1 ; mlttgo 1 ; 

pldco 1 ; lenio 4 ; mollio 4 ; sedo 1 ; 

compesco 3 ; sSretw 1 ; tSnuo 1. (Ov. 

Her. XX. 73). 
(ft) to control, mSdSrdr 1 ; r?go 3 ; tem- 

pfro 1 ; gObemo 1 ; cSercSo 2 ; freno 

1 ; dirlgo 3 ; emSd?r6r 1 (rare). 

v. neut., mitesco 3 ; quiesco 3. 

MODERATELY— adv., m^dfce. 

Phr., fi)ig mddico (Ov. Her. iv. 76). 

MODERATION— subst., mdilus 2. 

MODERN — adj., rScens, ndvus. 

MODEST— adj. 

(a) pudlcus, pudens, pudihundUs, vSre- 
cundus, mddestus. 

(b) moderate, mddicus, mSdSrdt&s, tem- 
per dttis. 

MODESTLY — adv., pudentSr (H.), 
pudlce (Cat., Ov.), dScentSr. 

MODESTY — subst., piidSr 3 m. ; 
pudicXtia 1 ; sometimes virgXnXtds 3 f. ; 
flos 3 m. (Cat.). 

Phr., vultiis, 4 pudicus; os 3 n., 
mddestum, &c. 

Ep. chaste, maiden, bashful, &c. 

MODULATE, to— v. act., flecto 3. 



MOIL 



( 233 ) 



MOOD 



MOIL — subst. = toil, q. v. 

MOIST — adj., humtdus, humins, 
madidus, udus, madens, uvldus, made- 
fdctus, riguus, irriguus (H.), humldulus 
(rare). 

MOISTEN, to — V. act., humecto 1 ; 
rlgo 1 ; mddffac'io 3 ; tingo 3 ; irrigo 1 ; 
irroro 1 ; moistening, irrigating, use 
adj. irr'igiius. 

MOISTURE — subst., humUr 3 m. ; 
llquSr 3 m.; uligo 3 f. ; ros 3 m. 

Ep. dewy, fertile, unhealthy, &c. 

MOLE— subst. 

(a) the animal, talpa 1. (Cf. Verg. 
Georg. i. 183.) 

(b) a dam, moles 3 f . ; agg?r 3 m. ; plla 
1. 

(c) a mark on the body, tixvUs 2. 
MOLEST, to — V. act., vexo 1 ; sol- 

licitS 1 ; lEdo 3 ; nOc^o 2 ; gravo 1. 

MOLLIFY, to— V. act. See Miti- 
gate, TO. 

MOLTEN— adj. 

(a) lique/actus, Itquldus, fusTlis. 

(b) formed by melting, e.g. a molten 
image, use uenus, denSus, aureus, &c. 
MOLY — subst., molp (only nom. and 

ace.). 

Ep. powerful, wondrous, &c. 
MOMENT— subst. 

(a) of time, momentum 2; punctum 2 
(H.). Often use tempQs 3 n. ; e.g. 
at a favourable moment, dextro 
tempdrS. 

Ep. brief, fleeting, &c. 

(b) important, pondus 3 n. ; vis 3 f . 
MOMENTARY— adj., hrSvU, hrSvissl- 

mm. 

MOMENTOUS — adj., gravis, magnus. 

MONARCH— subst. See King. 

MONARCHY— subst. See Kingdom. 

MONEY — subst., pScunld 1 ; drgen- 
tum 2 ; aurum 2 ; nummus 2 (H.) ; 
often = riches, dlvitlm 1 pi. ; dpes 
3 f. pi. ; res 5 pi. ; bdnd 2 pi. ; = 
coinage, mSrieta 1. 

Ep. wished-for, hard-earned, piled- 
up, &c. 

MONEY-BAG — subst., crumena 1 
(H.) ; sSccus 2 (H.). 

MONEYED— adj. = rich, q. v. 

MONEY-LENDER— subst., fenSrdtdr 
3 m. 

MONEYLESS— adj. = poor, q. v. 



MONGREL— adj., hibrlda (H.) Use 
degSnSr, turpts ; a mongrel, Lpdsca 
(Verg. Ed. iii. 18.) 

MONITOR — subst., aiictffr 3 m. ; 
sudsdr 3 m. ; hortdtdr 3 m. ; mMitOr 
3 m. 

Ep. stem, prudent, unwelcome, &c. 

MONK — subst., sacerdos 3 m. ; some- 
times sSnex 3 m. 

Ep. silent, black-robed, secluded, 
sad, stem, &c. 

MONKEY — subst., simtus 2 ; simia 1 ; 
cercdpUheeus 2 (Mart.). 

Ep. mimic, sportive, mischievous, 
greedy, &c. 

MONKSHOOD — subst., Scdnltum 2, 
usually in plural ; acdniUhi ace. sing, 
in Ovid. 

MONODY — subst., lisenld 1 ; qtigrela 
1 ; quSrlmonia 1. 

Ep. sad, tuneful, &c. 

MONOTONOUS— adj. Perhaps Un- 
tus, itSrdtiis, gSmlndtus, idem. 

MONOTONY— subst. Perhaps tsedld 

2 pi. 

MONSOON— subst. Use ventus. See 
Wind. 

MONSTER — subst., monstrum 2 ; 
portentum 2 ; prodigium 2 ; belud 1. 

Ep. dire, unheard-of, heaven-sent, 
huge, &c. 

MONSTER-BREEDING— adj., beluo- 
siis. 

MONSTROUS — adj., prodlglosus ; 
often ingens, immunis. 

MONTH — subst., mensU 3 m. 

Phr., menstrud tempSrd 3 pi. ; men- 
struus orbis 3 m. ; luTise curstts 4 ; two 
months old, btmestrls. 

MONTHLY— adj., menstruus. 

MONTHLY— adv. Fhr., quotqtiSteunt 
menses, lit. as many months as pass. 

MONUMENT— subst. 
(a) m/inumentum 2 ; mnemdspTidn 2 

(Cat.). See also Memorial. 

Ep. eternal, marble, stately, lofty, 
&c. 
(&) Often = tomb, q. v. 

MONUMENTAL — adj., m^mdr; 
sometimes seterniis, pSrennis, dluturnus. 

MOOD — subst. Use dnimus 2 ; mens 

3 f. ; pectus 3 n. ; cor 3 n. Often 
render by adjectives, e.g. in merry 
mood, h'ddris, Isettis ; in sorrowful 
mood, trisUs ; in angry mood, irdtua. 



MOODINESS 



( 234 ) 



MORTAL 



MOODINESS— subst., trtstltta 1 (no 
pi.). 

Phr., trlstts frons 3 m. ; nubila 2 pi., 
sometimes nubes 3 f. 

MOODY — adj., trlstis, difficilts, 
morosus, tStrXcm. 

MOON— subst. 
(a) luna 1 ; noctiluca 1. Often Phoebe 

3 ; Cynthia 1 ; Diana 1. 

Phr., lun^ orbts 3 m. ; cornua 4 ; 
lumSn 3 n. ; currm 4, &c. ; also Flmbi 
sdrSr 3 f. ; noctis dSa 1 ; or regina 1 ; 
lunares Squt 2. 

Ep. nightly, roaming, pale, silver, 
silent, &c. 
(6) month, q. v. 

MOONBEAM — subst. Often use 
lund 1. See Moon. 

Phr., lunse radius 2 ; jubar 3 n. ; lux 
3 f. ; ignis 3 m. ; lumSn 3 n. ; fax 3 f., 
&c. 

MOONLESS — aclj. Use dark, q. v., 
or phrases, e.g. a moonless night, nox 
3 f., lunm luc? carens, &c. 

MOONLIGHT — subst. Use luna 1, 
q. V. 

MOONLIGHT — adj. Phr., a moon- 
light night, nox 3 f., luna splendens, 
cldra, splendida, &c. 

MOONSHINE — subst. = moonlight. 
Use lunii 1. 

MOONSTRUCK— adj. See Mad. 

MOOR — subst. Use clivus 2 ; jugum 
2 ; collis 3 m. ; sometimes ISca 2 pi., 
edita ; cdmpi 2 pi., patentes. 

Ep. breezy, heathery, sloping, wide, 
barren, &c. 

MOOR, to — V. act., religo 1. 

MOORHEN— subst., /wZrca 1. 

MOORINGS— subst., statio 3 f. 

Ep. safe, wished-for, &c. 

MOORLAND— subst. = moor, q. v. 

MOOSE — subst. Use cervus 2. 

MOPE, to — ^v. neut. Phr., ddlori, 
tristiti^, &c., indulgSo 2 ; ddlorem fdvSo 
See Grieve, to. 

MOPING — adj. Use tristts, soUicXtUsy 
mxstus. See Gloomy. 

MORAL — adj., prtfbus, sanctHs, ptUs. 

MORAL — subst. 

(a) of a story or fable. Translate by 
phrases, e.g. what is the moral of the 
fable, quid fdbuld ddcM, vult, signl- 
fieat, &c. 

(b) in plural, morals, mores, 3 m. pi. 



Ep. ancient, upright, changed; or 
use local epithet, e.g. Spartan, Koman 
(i.e. manly), Persian, Eastern (i.e. 
eflfeminate). 

MORASS— subst., palm 3 f. See 
Marsh. 

MORBID — adj. Perhaps immddlcuSy 
nlmius ; sometimes vUiosus (Hor. Od. 
ii. 16, 21). 

MORE— adj., j^lus. 

MORE — adv., magts, amplius, impen- 
sJun. 

MOREOVER— adv., prEterSd, insilpPr, 
gUpSr, ultrd, ultSrlus, quin^tiam, it, nee- 
non, quin. 

Phr., Qudd supirest, dddS qudd. 

MORIBUND — adj., mSribundus, semt- 
aniims, scanned semjanlmls. 

MORION — subst. = helmet, q. v. 

MORN, MORNING — subst. Use 
Aurora 1 ; ortus 4 ; Luc^fSr 2. 

Phr., jubar 3 n., exortum ; lux 3 f., 
arts ; sol 3 m., Sriens ; lux 3 f., prima ; 
dies 5, rSdux, rSversus, &c. In the 
morning, man?, abl. case, which may 
stand alone, or with an adj., e.g. mdnS 
ndvo. MdnS is found in nom. and ace. 
but very rarely (Cf. Verg. Georg. iii. 
325). 

Ep. early, first, returning, bright, 
&c. 

MORNING — adj., mdtutinus ', often 
prlmuf^ nuviis. 

MORNING STAR— subst., LucifSr 2 ; 
Pho^phdrus 2 (Mart.). 

Ep. Eastern, bright, harbinger of 
day. Sec. 

MOROSE — adj., morosus, diffic'dis, 
titrtciis, trlstts, dspir, acerbus, amdrus. 
rlgiilii", ITTt-^teriis, gravis. 

MOROSENESS— subst., iristUla 1 
dsp?ritds 3 f . 

MORRIS-DANCE — subst. /See Dance 

MORROW— subst. Phr., dXes 5, sS- 
quenf, postfrus, crdstlnus ; lux 3 f., pos- 
tSra, crdstina. On the morrow, eras. 

MORSEL — subst., frustum 2 ; pars 
3 f. ; mica 1. 

MORTAL— adj. 
(o) liable to death, mortalTs, pSrliuruSy 

caducus. 

Phr., morti debtties, obnoxius. 
(6) causing death, letlfSr, mortlfSry 

fdtdlts, fdtifSr, exitidlis, exUlabills, 

funestus, letdlls. 



MORTAL 



( 235 ) 



MOUND 



MOKTAL— subst. Usually in plural, 
mortales 3 pi. ; hffmines 3 pi. 

Phr., gem. 3 f., humdna; gens 3 f., 
hffmfniim, &:c. 

MOKTALITY— subst. See Death. 

MOETALLY — adv. Translate by 
adj., e.g. he was mortally wounded, 
rulnerS letall stratus cadlt. 

MOETAR— subst. [Ov.). 

(rt) for ijounding, mortarmm 2 (Juv., 
(h) for building. Use calx 3 f. 
(c) for shooting. Use dries 3 m. ; 

murals tormentum 2. 

MOKTIFY, to— V. neut., tUMo 2 ; 
tubesco 3. 

V. act. = to annov, q. v. 

MORTIFYING— adj., mdlestus. 

MOSAIC— subst. Perhaps ISpllll 2 
pi. (H.). 

E. coloured, various, &c. 

MOSaUE— subst. Use templum 2 ; 
fdniim 2 ; sedes 3 f. 

MOSQUITO— subst., culex 3 m. 

Ep. troublesome, poisonous, &c. 

MOSS— suhst., muscus 2. 

Ep. soft, green, &c. 

MOSS-TROOPER— subst. Use gquis 
3 m. Perhaps Icttro 3 m. 

MOSSY — ^adj., muscosus. 

Phr., mused obrutw, clrcumlltUg. 

MOST — adj., plurhms. Most men, 
jileriqui^ (H..). 

MOSTLY — adv., plerumqu^, fSre, sse- 
pXus. 

MOTE — subst., cdrpusculum 2 
(Lucret.). 

MOTH— subst., bldtta 1. 

Ep. light - shunning (Ivctfugiis), 
greedv, &c. 

MOTH-EATEN— adj. Phr., bldttd- 
rum gpiilx = the moths' fea.st (H.). 

MOTHER— subst,, mdtgr 3 f. ; parens 
8 f. ; gSnetrix 3 f. ; sometimes puerpSrd 
1 (Hor. Od. iv. 5, 23.) 

MOTHER— adj., mdternus. Mother 
of twins, grmillTpara 1. 

MOTHER-IN-LAW— subst., socrus i. 

MOTHER-OF-PEARL— subst. Use 
concha 1. 

MOTHER-TONGUE — subst. Phr., 
sermo 3 m., pStrius ; pdtrld lingua 1. 

MOTHERHOOD — subst. Translate 
by phrases, e.g. mdternus umSr 3 m. ; 
mdternus animus 2 ; mdternd or mdtris 
curd 1, &c. Sometimes matir 3 f. 



MOTHERLESS — adj. Phr., matrg 
orbus, drbdtus, cdrens. 

MOTHERLY— adj., mdternus. 

MOTION— subst. 
(a) mdtus 4. 
(fe) of stars, moon, &c., motUs 4 ; cursHs 

4 ; orbis 3 m. 

(c) violent motion, motus 4 ; vis 3 f . ; 
impetus 4 ; impulsus 4 ; dctus 4. 

Ep. swift, slow, sudden, &c. 

(d) tremulous motion, trSmdr 3 m. 

(e) to put or Set in motion, to be in 
motion, &c. See Move, to. 
MOTIONLESS— adj. 

(a) Immotus, immobilis, firmUs, incon- 
cussus, fixus, liserens. 

(b) of the sea, &c., immotus, trdnquillus, 
pldcidus, quietus. 

MOTIVE— subst., causd 1 ; rdtio 3 f. 
Often render by verb, e.g. what was 
your motive for the crime ? Quid sud- 
slt f acinus ? &c. 

MOTLEY — adj., verslcdlSr, vdrlus. 

Phr., a motley crowd, mixta cdterva 1 . 

MOTTLED — adj., mdculosus, vdrlus. 

MOTTO— subst. Perhaps tUuliis 2; 
carman 3 n. ; versus 4. 

Ep. brief, honourable, bitter, &c. 

MOULD— subst. 
(a) soil, humus, 2 f. ; sSlum 2. See 

Eakth (6). 
(6) mildew, robigo 3 f. ; situs 4. Some- 
times cdries 5. 

MOULD, to — Y. net., flngo 3; fabrico 
1 ; formo 1 ; efflngo 3 ; exprimo 3. 

MOULDER, to— v. neut., tdbSo 2; 
tdbesco 3; sSnesco 3; solvdr 3; rS- 
solvor 3. 

MOULDERING, MOULDY— adj., jp«- 
trts, dilapsiis, sometimes scabSr. 

Phr., mouldering old age, cdriosd 
sSnectus 3 ; mouldy bread, mucldus 
pdnis 3 (Juv., Mart.). 

MOULT, to — v. neut., plumds exiid 3 ; 
dmltto 3 ; pono 3, &c. 

MOUND— subst. 
(«) small hill, tumulus 2 ; collis 3 m. 

Ep. sloping, sunny, &c. 
(&) heap of earth, tumulus 2 ,- dggSr 

3 m. 

Ep. pilod-up, low, &c. 

(c) sepulchral mound, tumulus 2 ; sSpul~ 
chrum 2; bustum 2. 

Ep. sad, mindful, &c. 



MOUNT 



( 236 ) 



MOVE 



MOUNT, to— V. act. 
■(o) (a horse) scdndo 3; conscendd 3; 

dscendo 3. 

Phr , emicat in currus, he mounts 
his car. 
{b) (a hill or wall) scdndo 3 ; conscendd 

3 ; ascendo 3 ; supSro 1. 

Phr., dscensu supero = I mount. 

V. neut. 

■(a) surgo 3 ; consurgo 3 ; exsurgo 3. 
{6) (of flying in the air) surgo 3 ; con- 
surgo 3 ; exsurgo 3 ; evehdr 3 ; effSrSr, 

irr. ; subvSlo 1 ; et-tfio 1. 

Phr., sublimS vehSr 3; or r^'o 1, 
nif^r 3, in dlta. 

MOUNT, MOUNTAIN— subst., nwns 
3 m. ; collis 3 m. ; jugum 2. Some- 
times drees 3 f. pi. 

Phr., montis juga 2 pi. ; or jugum 2 ; 
montis sdxa 2 pi. ; rupes 3 f., &c. ; 
mountain-top, apex 3 m. ; cacumSn 3 n. ; 
vertex 3 m. ; cdpfit 3 n. Often with 
Tnontls; mountain-side or slope, clivus 
2; latus 3 n. Often use names of 
mountains, e.g. Alpes 3 f . ; Apenninus 
2 ; Caucasus 2 ; Lycseus 2 ; 1/rymdnthus 
2, &c. 

Ep. airy, windy, bare, snowy, diffi- 
cult, inaccessible, steep, sloping, tree- 
clad, cloudy, rocky, &c. 

MOUNTAIN-ASH— subst., ornus 2 f. ; 
frdxlnus 2 f.. 

sA]., frdxinSus, frdxlnus. 

MOUNTAINEEE— subst., monttcSlu 
1 m. ; montdni 2 pi. 

Phr., gens 3 f., dssueta jugls; gens 
3 f ., incdla montis, mantis amdns ; qui 
juga celsa cdlunt. 

Ep. bold, hardy, patient, &c. 

MOUNTAINOUS — adj., montosUs, 
montdnits, sdxosus, jugosus, cltvosus, 
urduus, altus, prmruptus. 

MOUNTEBANK — subst., plantis 2 
<H.). See Cheat. 

MOUNTING— subst., dscensus 4. 

MOUEN, to— V. neut , dolSo 2 ; lugSo 
2 ; mmrifo 2 ; Inddlesco 3. 

Phr., gfmitus, querelas, &c., cWo 2 ; 
mitto 3 ; edd 3, &c. ; lacrimds /undo 3, 
&G. ; ddlorem fijvSd 2 ; dolorl indulged 2. 

V. act., d^ffo 2 ; lug^o 2 ; fled 2 ; 

deflSo 2 ; floro 1 ; depJoro 1 ; quSrSr 3 ; 
^Smo 3 ; ingSmv 3 ; pldngo 3 ; conquerSr 
3 ; rnxrSd 2. 



Phr., Zacrrmtg dfflor^, &c., pros?qv^r 
3 ; urgPo 2, &c. 

MO'UKNER— subst., plordtdr 3 m, 
(Mart). Usually render by verb. 

MOUENFUL— adj. 
(a) mourning, frisfjs, lugubrts, msestus, 

solUcitus, dnxlus and participles of 

verb to mourn, q. v. 

Phr., dtilorP, luctu, &c., dfflictGs, pres- 
sUs, victtis, crucidtus, &c. 
(6) lamentable, trlstis, lugubrls, mmtiis, 

acerhus, gravis, Idrnentdbilis, flendus, 

lacrimdbilis, IdcrimosUs, misSr, mlsSra- 

bills, deflendiis, flebilts. 

Phr., lacrimls, &c., dignus, plenus, &c. 

MOURNFULLY— adv., fleUlttgr, fle- 
bllF, trUtv, grdmtSr, msestum, meeste. 

MOURNING— subst. 
(a) lamentation, Idmentum 2; questus 

4; gemitus 4; ululdtus 4 (of women 

wailing). Often ddldr 3 m. ; luctiis 

4 ; querela 1 ; quSrim3nla 1 ; nenid 

1. 

Ep. continual, womanly, unvailing, 
&c. 
(6) mourning dress, lugubrid 3 pi. 

Phr., puZZa tjcsfts 3 f. ; pulld veld- 
mind 3 pi. 

MOUSE — subst., mm 3 m. 

MOUTH— subst. 
(a) 6s 3 n. Sometimes use dens 3 m. 

(tooth); lingua 1 (tongue); g?n« 

1 pi. (cheeks); vox 3 f. (voice); 

guitur 3 n. (throat); ric<Ms 4 (open 

or gaping mouth), usually of 

animals. 

Ep. rosy, blood-stained, greedy, &c. 
(6) of a river, os 3 n. ; ostid 2 pi. ; 

egressiis 4. 

Ep. broad, sandy, &c. 
(c) of a cavern, pit, &c., os 3 n. ; hidtils 

4 ; fauces 3 f . pi. Sometimes bdr&- 

thrum 2. 

Ep. black, deep, huge, &c. 

MOUTHFUL— subst., buccd (Mart). 
See Morsel. 

MOUTHPIECE — subst., InterprSs 
3 m. 

MOVE, to — V. act. 
(a) to set in motion, mdvi^o 2; com- 

mSvSo 2 ; ago 3 ; impello 3 ; dgito 1 ; 

urged 2; ddurgSo 2. Sometimes 

duco 3. 
(hi) to excite. mSv?o 2; commdv^o 2; 

excito 1 ; suscito 1 ; cl^o 2 ; stlmulo 1 ; 



MOVE 



( 237 ) 



MURMUR 



exsttmulo 1 ; aciio 3 ; dcccndo 3 ; 
urg^o 2 ; exaspSro 1. 

(c) to influence, mdvPo 2 ; commdv^o 2 ; 
impello 3 ; adlgo 3 ; sudd?o 2 ; ^jer- 
8udd?o 2 ; and verbs given above. 
Also comminud 3 (Ov. Her. iii. 134). 

(d) to shake, mSvSo 2 ; commOveo 2 ; 
qtuitio 3 ; coileutlo 3 ; lahefacio, irr. ; 
ISbSfdcto 1 ; trSm^fdcIo 3 ; agrffo 1 ; 
iwrfto 1 ; qudsso 1. 

(e) to remove, mSvSo 2; dmSv?d 2; 
rSmdvlo 2. 

MOVE, to— v. neut. 
(a) to be in motion, ^o, irr. ; fencZo 3 ; 

mdv^dr 2 ; commOvSdr 2 ; «(7(*r 3 ; 

agUdr 1 ; impellSr 3 ; urgPirr 2 ; or 

those verbs in active used with 

reflective pronoun, e g. /wna se 

m^f^f = the moon moves. 
(J) to march, v. neut., q. v. 

MOVEMENT— subst. See Motion. 

MOVER— subst. Use midOr 3 m. ; 
arbiter 2 ; rectdr 3 m. 

MOVING — adj. = pathetic, use flexa- 
nlmus (Cat)., flebllts, gravis, tristis. 
See Mournful (b). 

MOW, to— V. act., rn^to 3 ; dern^to 3 
(Cat.) ; svibgSco 1 ; s?cd 1 ; rSsSco 3 ; 
iondeo 2 ; cdrpo 3 ; succido 3. 

Phr., s^gStes, &c., sterno 3 ; colligo 3. 

MOW — subst. /See Gkijiace. 

MO WEB — subst., mesfor 3 m. ; some- 
times dgricdla 1 m. ; cSlonus 2, &c. 

Ep. sturdy, weary, sweating, &c. 

MOWING— subst., messis 3 f. See 
Crop. 

Ep. summer, joyful, &c. 

MITCH — adj., multils. 

MUCH — adv., multum, longe. 

Phr., much the same, fgre idem; 
much alike, multum consimills. 

MUCK — subst., ftmus. 

MUCKY— adj. = dirty, q. v^ 

MUD — subst, lutum 2 ; coenum 2 ; 
limus 2. 

Ep. wet, filthy, wintry, &c. 

MUDDY — adj., lutgus, lutulentus, 
limoi>ug ; sometimes turbidus. 

MUFFLE, to — V. act. = to cover, q. v. 

MUFFLED — adj., of sound, perhaps 
gurduK, submissus. 

MUG— subst. = cup, q. v. 

MULBEREY — subst., the tree, morus 
2 f. ; the fruit, morum 2. [&c. 

Ep. of the fruit, red, purple, black. 



MULCT, to— v. act., mulcto 1. See 
Punish, to. 

MULE— subst., muJils 2 (H., Mart.). 

Ep. stublx)m, patient, &c. 

MULETEER — subst., mulio 3 m> 
(Juv.). 

Phr., dgitdtOr 3 m. muli. 

MULISH — adj., = obstinate, q. y. 

MULLET— subst., mullus 2. 

MULTIFORM— adj., multiplex, vdri- 
us, diver gus. 

MULTIPLY, to — V. act. and neut. 
See Increase, to. 

MULTITUDE— subst. 
(a) large number, num^rus 2; vis S {.; 

copta 1 ; frSquentla 1. 
(6) a crowd, q. v. 

MUMMER — subst. See Masque, 
Masker. 

MUMMERY— subst. See Masquer- 
ade. 

MUNCH, to — V. act., Ttidndo 3. 

MUNDANE — adj., terrestris. 

MUNIFICENCE — subst. = bounty, 
q. V. 

MUNIFICENT- adj., Idrgiis, Unlg- 
nus, munJficus. 

MURDER— subst., cxdes 3 f. Often 
use mors 3 f . ; letum 2 ; nex 3 f . ; san- 
guis 3 m. ; crudr 3 m. 

Ep. cruel, sudden, treacherous, 
bloody, &c. 

MURDER, to — V. act., cxdo 3; oc- 
cldo 3 ; trucido 1 ; pSriTno 3 ; intSrtmo 
3 ; n?co 1 ; interftclo 3 ; perdo 3 ; jugu- 
16 1 (lit. to cut the throat) ; obtrunco 1 
(lit. to behead); (to murder a tune)' 
dlsperdSrS cdrmffn (Verg.). 

MURDERER — subst., hdmicida 1 m. ; 
sicdrius 2 (H.); grdssdtdr 3 m. (Juv.). 
Sometimes l&tro 3 m. ; prsedo 3 m. 

Ep. bloodstained, treacherous, bold, 
impious, &c. 

MURDEROUS — adj. See Bloody. 

MURKY — adj. See Dark (o) and 

(&)• 

MURMUR, MURMURING -subst. 
(a) a low sound, murmur 3 n. ; susur- 

rus 2 ; fremitus 4 ; frSmSr 3 m. 

Ep. distant, repeated, doubtful, &c. 
(&) complaint, questus 4 ; querela 1 • 

quSrlmonid 1 ; gSmltus 4. 

Ep. angry, confused, idle, &c. 

MURMUR, to — v. neut. 



MURMURER 



( 238 ) 



MUTINY 



(o) to utter a low sound, murmuro 1 ; 

immurmuro 1 ; susurro 1 ; gSmo 3. 

Phr., murmurd ciSo 2 ; edo 3, &c. 
(J)) to complain, quSrdr 3 ; conquSrSr 3 ; 

mmso 1. 

MUEMUREE— subst. Translate by 
verb or by the word murmur 3 n., e.g. 
the murmurers are silent = silent mur- 
mura vulgi, compescU murmurd vilgus ; 
the murmurers gather = cdSunt mus- 
sdntqitl frPqiientes. 

MTTEMUEOXTS — adj., sdndns. 

Phr., murmurs plenm. 

MITEEAIN — subst., lues 3 f. ; pestls 
3 f . ; contagtum 2 ; inorhus 2. 

Ep. deadly, dire, sudden, &c. 

MUSCLE — subst., tdrus 2 ; wrvus 2. 

Ep. firm, hard, &c. 

MUSCIJLAE — adj., nervosus, tSrosus, 
robustus, mdsculus, Idcertosus, firmus, 
vdlidus, vdlens. 

Phr., memhris, corpSrS, Idcertis, &c. 
vdlens. 

MUSE — subst., Musd 1 ; Cdmena 1 ; 
Pieris 3 f. Often spoken of in pi., 
Musx 1 ; Cdminw 1 ; PlSridSs 3 ; Llhe- 
ihrldSs 3 f. 

Phr., Cdstdl'iss sdrores 3 f. pi. ; ndvem 
sdrdres 3 f. pi. ; or puellx 1 ; PhoRbi cd- 
mites 3 pi. ; or cdhors 3 f. ; Musdrum, 
&c., chdrus 2 ; cdtervd 1 ; turbd 1 ; grex 
S m. Often use the name of a parti- 
cular muse. The names of the nine 
muses are Cdllidpe, Clio, Euterpe, Pdly- 
hymnld, Srdto, Terpsichdre, MelpdinSne, 
Thdlid, Urdnid. 

Ep. tuneful, learned, eloquent, in- 
-spired, and local epithets, e.g., Heli- 
conian {Reiiconlus), Parnassian {Pdr- 
jidssius), Aonian (^Adnlus), Pierian 
(^PlMus), &c. [q. V. 

MUSE, to — V. neut. = to meditate, 
MUSHEOOM — subst., boletus 2 (Juy., 
3Iart.). 

MUSIC — subst. 
(o) sweetness of sound, perhaps con- 
cordld 1 ; concentus 4. 
Phr., dulcis sSnitus 4, or vox 3 f. dul- 
cis, canord, &c. 
\(b) a tune or strain, mGdus 2; nuinSrl 

2 pi. ; cdntus 4 ; cdrm^n 3 n. ; cdnOr 

3 m. Sometimes vox 3 f . ; mmd 1 ; 
meWs 3 n. (used in lyrics but not in 
elegiacs). 



MUSICAL — adj., cdnorus, drgutus, 
dulcis, bldndus ; sometimes vocdlis. 

MUSICIAN— subst., cdntdr 3 m. (H.). 
Use the names of players on a parti- 
cular instrument, e.g. fidicen 3 m. 
(harper);, tlbicen 3 m. (flute player); 
tubicen 3 m. (trumpeter)j or speak of 
a musician as a second Orpheus or 
Linus, or Amphion, or Avion. Cf. Verg. 
Ed. iv. 55; Hor. Od. ni. xi. 2; Ov. 
Fast. II. 91. 

MUSING— adj., m^dltdm. 

Phr., menti vohens, dgitdns, vdlutdns. 

MUSING — subst. See Meditatiox. 

MUSLIN— subst. See Gauze. 

MUST — V. neut. Always used witli 
a second verb, debSo 2 ; Oportet 2 imp. ; 
fds est. Often render by gerundive, 
e.g. all men must die, mors cunctis suh- 
Sundd mdnit. 

MUST — subst. = new wine, mustum 
2 ; mustd 2 pi. ; sdpd 1. 

Ep. sweet, new, &c. 

MUSTEE, to — V. &ct.,cdnvdcd 1 ; vdco 
1 ; compello 3 ; cogo 3 ; ddvSco 1 ; glQ- 
m^rd 1. 

V. neut., cdSo, irr. ; convSnlo 4 ; 

concurro 3; cunjluo 3; dffl,uo 3; and 
passive voice of verbs above. 

MUSTEE— subst. = assembly, q. v. 

MUSTY— adj. See Mouldy. 

MUTABILITY — subst. See Incon- 
stancy. 

MUTABLE— adj. See Inconstant. 

MUTE — adj. = dumb, mutus, slletis, 
tdcens, infdns (H.). 

Phr., vocS cdrens, to be mute, tac^o 2 ; 
sim 2. 

MUTELY— adv., tacite. 

MUTILATE, to— v. act. = to maim, 
q. V. 

MUTILATED— adj. = maimed, q. v. 

MUTINEEE— subst. Perhaps rebel- 
les 3 1)1. 

MUTINOUS— adj., rSbellis, inddcllis, 
indOmitus, contumMX. 

MUTINY, to— V. act. Perhaps rS- 
bello 1. 

Phr., seditionem mdvSo 2 ; tumultum 
cied 2, &c. 

MUTINY— subst., sedrtro 3 f ; tumul- 
tus 4 ; motus 4. 

Ep. new, sudden, bloodthirsty, &c. 



MUTTER 



( 239 ) 



NAMELESS 



MUTTER, to — V. neut., musso 1. 
Perhaps frgmo 3 ; quSrSr 3. See Mur- 
mur, TO. 

V. act., demurmuro 1. Often 

canto 1 ; r^cino 3. 

MUTUAL — adj., mutuus, communXs. 

MUTUALLY — adv., mutud (Prop.), 
■per mutua. 

MUZZLE, to — ^v. act. Phr., capls- 
tr'is freno 1 ; cOercSo 2 ; prSmo 3. 

MUZZLE — subst., cdplstrum 2; 
frenum 2. 

Ep. iron-bound (ferrdtus), hard, &c. 

MUZZLES — adj., capistrdtus, fre- 
ndtus. 

MYBIAD — subst. Use exdmffn 3 n. 
(swarm). See Multitude. 

MYSIAD — adj. = countless, innu- 
merus, innumSrdhilis. 

Phr., nilmSro curens. 

MYRMIDONS — subst. = followers, 
famuli 2 pi. ; mtnistrl 2 pi. ; satellites 
3 pi. ; MyrmltWnes 3 pi. (only found of 
the followers of Achilles). See Band 
(a). 

MYRRH— subst., myrrhd 1. 

adj., myrrhSus. 

Phr., myrrhd mddens. 

MYRTLE— subst., myrtus 2 f. 

Phr., vSnSrts drbdr 3 f., a myrtle 

grove, myrtetum 2. 

Ep. fragrant, dark {pulld), two- 
coloured (hicSldr), and local epithets, 
e.g. Paphian {Pdphid), Italian (Itdlld'), 
Cvprian {Cyprid), &c. 

"myrtle — adj., myrtSus. 

MYSTERIOUS — adj., obscurUs, dm- 
h'lguus, cEcus, mysttcus, drcdnus. 

MYSTERY— subst. 

(a) religious ceremony, mysterld 2 pi. 
Phr., sherd 2 pi., mystlca; sacra 

2 pi., drcdnd. 

Ep. secret, covered, holy, dark, &c. 

(b) enigma, drcdnum 2 ; searetum 2. 
MYSTIC — subst., mystd 1 m. 
MYSTIC, MYSTICAL — adj. See 

Mysterious. 

MYTH— subst. = iahle, fdbuld 1. 
Ep. ancient, incredible, wondrous. 
MYTHIC — adj ., fdhulosus. 



N 

NAG — subst. See Horse. 

NAIAD— subst., Ndias 3 f. ; Ndls 3 f. 

Phr., fontdnd or fluvldlid numind 
3 pi. ; Ndiddum chdrils 2 ; turbd 1, &c. ; 
nymphse 1 pi., fluvldles. 

Ep. glassy, watery, &c. 

NAIL— subst. 

(a) of the finger, &c., ungtiis 3 m. 
Ep. tender, smooth, rosy, &c. 

(b) for fastening, cldvus 2. 
Ep. huge, iron, &c. 

NAIL, to — V. act, figo 3 ; dfflgo 3. 

NAKED— adj. 
(a) bare, nudiis, nuddtus. 

Phr., sing vests or vesttbus; vests 
cdrens ; pdsltd vestS, &c. 
(ft) unarmed, nudus, inermis. 

(c) manifest, cldrus, mdnl/estus, certiis, 
verus, patens. 

Phr., non dubius. 
(cZ) of a drawn sword, exsertus, strictus, 

nudiis, destrlctus. 

NAKEDNESS— subst. Phr., nudum 
corpus 3 n. ; nudd membrd 2 pi., &c. 

NAME— subst. 
(a) of a person, nomSn 3 n. 
(6) of things, rurnien 3 n. ; vScdbulum 2. 
(c) title, nomSn 3 n. ; cognomSn 3 n. ; 

tttulus 2. 
(cV) fame, nomSn 3 n. ; fdmd, 1 ; Iwus 

3 f. ; dScus 3 n. 
(e) to call names = to abuse, q. v. 
(/) in the name of, pSr=hj, pro = for. 
(g) with two names, blnomlnis. 

NAME, to— V. act. 

(a) to give a name to, vdco 1 ; dppello 1 ; 
nomino 1 ; denomino 1 ; nunciipo 1 ; 
died 3. 

Phr., nomSn do, irr. ; dddo 3 ; pond 
3 ; impono 3 ; fdcio 3, &c. 

(b) to mention by name, mSmdro 1 ; 
commSmdro 1 ; rSfSro, irr. ; died 3. 

(c) to appoint, crSo 1 ; fdcio 3 ; nomino 
1 ; destino 1. 

NAMELESS— adj. 
(a) unknown, ignotiis, Incognitus. 

Phr., s'lnS nomlnS, non notus. 
(6) inglorious, igndtus, inglorius, igno- 

btlis, obscurus, inhdnestus. 
(c) unmentionable, in/dndus, nS/dndus, 

tdcendus. 



NAMESAKE 



( 240 ) 



NATURE 



NAMESAKE — subst. Kenrler by 
adj. cognomlnls (Verg. JEn. vi. 383), or 
by phrases, e.g. ndm^n avi r?f?ren8 = 
his grandsire's namesake ; ^ngdddsquS 
mSo nomSn di nominS fingo = I invent 
the name " JEneadae " formed from my 
own name, &c. 

NAP — subst. 

(a) (of cloth, &c.), villus 2. 
Ep. rough, thick, soft, &c. 

(b) a brief sleep. Use somiius 2, or 
qutes 3 f., with epithets hrSvts or 
Uvis. To take a nap, dormito 1 (H.). 
NAPE — subst., of the neck. Use 

cervix 3 f. ; collum 2. 

NAPEEY— subst. = linen, linum 2 ; 
lintium 2 (Mart.). See Cloth. 

NAPKIN — subst., mdntelg 3 n. ; 
mdppa 1 (H , Mart.). 

NAPLESS — adj. = threadbare, tritiis. 

NAECISSXJS — subst., narcissus 2. 

Ep. spring, j-ellow, tender, &c. 

NAECOTIC — adj., sdparifer, sSporus, 
sdpordtus, somntfSr; perhaps Lethseus, 
pdpdv?rgus (Cf . also Ov. Her. xiv. 42 ; 
qusequC tlbi dSdSram vina, sSporis Srdnt). 

NARD — subst., ndrdus 2 ; unguentum 
2 ; 6d8r 3 m. ; amdmum 2 ; mdldbathrum 
2. 

Ep. fragrant, rich, or local epithets, 
e.g. Syrian {Syrliis), Assyrian (As- 
Bpri^s), Persian (PersicUs, AchemSntits), 
&c. 

NABBATE, to — v. act., mgmSro 1; 
ndrro 1 ; rffero, irr. ; comm^mdro 1 ; 
ezpono 3 ; pdndo 3 ; expPdio 4 ; dico 3 ; 
ap?ri6 4 ; evolvo 3. 

NAEEATION, NAEBATIVE— subst., 
fabuld 1; fdbella 1 (H.); histdria 1. 
Usually to recount a narrative = to 
narrate, q. v. 

NABBOW— adj. 
(a) not broad, dngustus, drctus, con- 

trdctus, sometimes brSvis, pdrvus, 

tenuis, &c. 
(6) of the mind, avdrus, sordidus, 

turpis. 

NABBOW— V. act., contraho 3; prS- 
mo 3. 

V. neut. Use se contrahSrS or 

passive. 

NABBOWLY— adv. 
(a) within a little, e.g. he narrowly 

escaped, tnx, xgre^ mddd-non effuglt. 



(b) vigilantly, e.g. he watched him 

narrowly, dcrU?r. 

Phr., noil segnit?r, multd or magna 
seduUtdte, or render by adj., vigil, sidu- 
lus, &c. 

NASCENT — adj.,7ia«cen«, crescens,tn- 
crescens. 

NASTY— adj. 

(a) dirty, sordidus, immundus, fdidiiSf 
turpis, squdlidus, squdlins, spHrcus 
(Mart.). 

(b) loathsome, q. v. 

NATAL — adj., ndtdlis, gSnXtdll8,'natd- 
Itcius (Juv., Mart.). 

NATHLESS — adv. = nevertheless, 
tamSn, dttam^n, at, veruntam?n. 

NATION— subst., gens 3 f. ; pSpulus 
2 ; gSnus 3 n. Perhaps civltds 3 f . 

Ep. warlike, peaceful, barbarous, 
gentle, &c. 

NATIONAL — adj., pStriSs ; some- 
times perhajis publicus, pSpuldrU or 
gentilis (Juv.). 

NATIVE— adj. 

(a) native place = birth place, ndtdlis, 
genitalis. 

(b) natural, e.g. native rock, ndtivus, 
ingPnuus (Juv.). 

NATIVE — subst., indfla 1 m. and f. ; 
cultSr 3 m. ; TiabltdtOr 3 m. (Mart.) ; 
sometimes civls 3 m. 

NATIVITY— subst. = birth, q. v. 

NATTTBAL— adj. 

(a) bestowed by nature, ndturdlis, innd- 
tus, insitus, prdprius. To die a 
natural death, fdto or morbo p^rirS, 
mdri, &c. 

(b) natural affection, pittas 3 f. ; adj., 
piMs. 

(c) native (b), q. v. 

(d) unaffected, simplex, cdndldus, nn- 
cerus (H., Mart.), ingSntius, hSnestus. 
NATUBALLY— adv. 

(a) by nature, use ndturd 1. 

(6) spontaneously, spontS, spontS m^d, 

&c. ; aitro. 

NATTIBE— subst. 

(a) Tidtiira 1. 

(b) the world, Tidtiira 1 ; mUndiis 2 ; res 
5 ; orbis 3 m. 

(c) disposition, ndtura 1 ; indSles 3 f. ; 
ingSnlum 2 ; animus 2. 

Ep. stem, gentle, cruel, kind, &c. 

(d) sort or kind, g^nOs 3 n. ; gens 3 f. 



NAUGHT 



( 241 ) 



NEED 



NAUGHT — Bubst. = nothing, nlhU, 
indecl., nil, indecl. ; to set at naught = 
to despise, q. v. 

NAUGHTINESS— subst., prdterv'dds 
3 f. ; mqiutid 1. 

NAUGHTY — adj., prucax, prStirvus, 
imprvbiis, pStuldm. 

NAUSEOUS, NAUSEATE — adj. = 
loathsome, q. v. 

NAUTICAL — adj., nautieus. 

NAUTILUS — subst., nautilus 2 
(Pliny); naupllus 2 (Flinj); no poetical 
authority. 

NAVAL — adj., ndvdlis, ddssicus 
(Prop.). 

NAVE — subst., of a wheel. Use 
rdta 1 ; urbis 3 m. 

NAVEL^subst. = innermost part, 
pffnvtrdig 3 n. 

NAVIGABLE — adj ., Ma vtggr (Lucret.), 
velivdlus. 

NAVIGATE, to, — v. neut., ndvlgo I. 
See Sail, to. 

V. act. 

(a) to navigate the sea, ndv'tgo 1 ; 
trdnsSd,\Tt. trdnsilio i ; trdnscurro 3 ; 
lustro 1. 

(b) to navigate a ship, r^go 3 ; dirigo 3 ; 
guherno 1. 

NAVY — subst., cldssis 3 f. 
NAY — adv. Phr., to say nay, n^go 1. 
NEAP — adj. (of tides). Perhaps rS- 
fluils. 

NEAR— adj. 

(a) not distant, vlclnus,firutimus, proxi- 
mus, contermlnus, prOplnquus, con- 
tigutis, instdns (Cf. Hor. ii. 14, 3); 
confinls ; to be near, ddjaceo 2. 

(b) intimate, notus, conjunctus. 
NEAB — adv., prdpe, juxtd, propter. 

Often non or hoMd prOcul. 

Phr., huud longe, non longe. 

NEAB — prep., prdpS, juxtd, ad, 
proptSr. 

Phr., non procul a or ah. 

NEABER — comp. adj., prdpidr. 

NEABEB — comp. adv., prSpius. 

NEABEST — superl. adj., proxXmus. 

NEABLY — adv., fSre, psenS, prdpff, 
TnSdO-non, tdntum-non. 

NEAT — subst. = cattle, q. v. 

NEAT — adj., comptus, nitldus, vSnus- 
tus, concinnus (H.). 

Phr., simplex munditUs = elegantly 
neat. 



NEAT-HANDED— adj., dextffr, calll- 
diis, sollers, ingSniosus. 

NEAT-HEBD — subst., h&bulcus 2; 
dnnentdrius 2. 

Phr., drmentl, bOum, &c., custos 3 m. ; 
maglstgr 2. 

Ep. slow, rustic, jolly, &c. 

NEATLY — adv., compte, bSnS, docte 
(Juv.). 

NEATNESS— fiubst., mundlUx 1 pi. 

NEBULOUS— adj. See Cloudy. 

NECESSABY — adj. No exact equi- 
valent. Use inevitdbllis, non vitdblUs, 
certus, non fugiendus, &c. See Inevit • 

ABLE. 

Phr., it is necessary, dptis est, nScessS 
est, dportgt; it is necessary for me to 
go, cogdr adirS, or adSundum est, or non 
possum non adirS. 

NECESSITOUS — adj. = poor, q. v. 

NECESSITY— subst. 

(a) ngcessltds 3 f . ; fdtum 2 ; sors 3 f. 
Phr., fdtl or sortls or dSorum lex 3 f . ; 

vis 3 f . ; pStestds 3 f . ; jura 3 pi. ; de- 
cretd 2 pi., &c. 

Ep. stern, unbending, impartial, &c. 

(b) poverty, q. v. 
NECK- subst. 

(rt) cervix 3 f. ; collum 2. 

Ep. long, arched, proud, &c. 
(b) of land. Isthmus 2. 

NECKCLOTH— subst., focalg 3 n. 
(H). 

NECKLACE— subst., mMilS 3 n. ; 
torquSs 3 m. ; circulus 2. 

Phr., tortus aurum 2 ; lit. linked 
gold. 

Ep. golden, jewelled, &c. 

NECBOMANCEB — subst. Use magus 
2 ; feminine form, maga 1 ; sdga 1 ; 
vSnefica 1. 

Ep. treacherous, learned, &c. 

NECBOMANCY— subst. See Magic. 
Cf. Verg. Ed. viu. 98 ; H. Ep. xvii. 79. 

NECTAB — subst., n^ddr 3 n. 

Plir., nectdrSus llqudr 3 m. ; nectarei 
sued 2 pi. ; nedaris haustus 4 ; ccelestia 
podlla 2 pi. 

Ep. sweet, bright, liquid, &c. 

NECTABEOUS — adj., nectarSus, 
sometimes coelestis, divinus. 

NEED — subst. 
(rt) necessity, q. v. 
(&) poverty, q. v. 



NEED 



( 242 ) 



NESTLING 



(c) there is need of, SpUs est, usus est, 

witli abl. case ; in need of, adj., 

igens, indigus. 

NEED, to — ^v. act., to be need of, 
igSo 2 ; indlgSo 2 ; rSquiro 3 ; jposcd 3. 

NEEDFTIL-^dj. 
(a) necessary, q. v. 
(6) desirable, optSbllis, optdndus^ cSpi- 

eridm. \ 

NEEDLE — subst., Scus 4 f. i 

NEEDLESS — adj., vdnus, InutUis, irrl- I 
tws, inanU, supervacuus, cdssus. \ 

NEEDLESSLY— adv., frustra, incas- \ 
gum, nequidquam. 

NEEDS — ^adv. = necessarily, e.g. I 
must needs go = it is necessary for 
me to go. See Necessary. 

NEEDY — adj., pauper, inops, ^genus, 
Sgens, indigent, mlsSr. 

NEFABIOTTS— adj. = wicked, q. v. 

NEGLECT, to— V. act. 

(a) to despise, negltgo 3; contemno 3; 
prxUfrPo, irr. See Despise, to. 

(b) to omit, negligo 3 ; dmitto 3 ; mitto 3. 
NEGLECT— subst. 

(a) contempt, q. v. 

(6) omission. Translate by verb, or 

participle, e.g. neglect of duty, 

niglectum or dmissum munus 3 n. ; 

sometimes incuria 1 (H.); inertia 1. 

NEGLECTFUL — adj., with "of," 
tiecurus, immemdr, or render by abl. 
abs., e.g. neglectful of danger, spreto 
dlscriminS. [q. v. 

NEGLIGENCE — subst. = neglect, 

NEGLIGENT— adj., iners, p'lgSr, ig- 
ndviis. 

NEGLIGENTLY — adv. = badly, 
mal?, prove. _ _ 

NEGBO — subst. or adj., Af^r, Mhiops 
(Cf. Verg. Moretum, 32-36). 

NEIGH, to — V. neut., Mnnio 4 
(Lucret.) ; adhinnw 4 (to neigh to). 

Phr., htnnitum edo 3 ; tollo 3 ; auras, 
dSra, &c., hinnitlbus cdmpUo 2; impUd 
2, &c. 

NEIGH — subst., hinnitus 4. 

NEIGHBOUR— subst., i-iclnus 2 ; dc- 
cSldl. 

NEIGHBOTJBHOOD— subst. 

(a) vlcinia 1. 

(b) proximity, proxtmttds 3 f. 
NEIGHBOTIBING- adj., viclnus, prd- 

plnquus, finttimus, conterminiis, con- 
tiguiis. Often prdpldr and prdxlmus. 



NEIGHBOURLY — adj., Mnignug^ 
amicS-:, rdni^s, hdn&s. 

NEITHER— adv., n^qug, nSc. 

NEITHER— pron., neutgr. 

Phr., itFc hic, nSc ills'. 

NEOPHYTE — subst. = novice, q.v. 

NEPHEW— subst. Use frdtrls or 
sdroris ftlius 2 ; but you can often use 
n^pos 3 m. 

NEREID— subst., Nertis 3 f. ; Nerlne 
3 f. ; Oc^anltis 3 f. 

NEREID— adj., NereiSs. 

Phr., Nereia proles 3 f. ; or turha 1, 
&c. ; NerSidum chdrus 2 &c. ; EqudrSB 
sSrores 3 pi. 

Ep. glassv, sea, maiden, &c. 

NERVE-^subst. 

(a) nervfis 2. Often use membra 2 pi. ; 
drtus 4 pi. 

(b) courage, q. v. 
NERVELESS— adj. = feeble, q. v. 
NEBVOUS— adj. 

(a) timid, trSpklus, timldus, pavtduSy 
Iriauddx, imbellis. 

(b) vigorous. See Muscclab. 
NEBVOUSLY— adv. 

(a) timidly, timide. 

(b) vigorously, fortitir, virilitSr, wuddc- 
t?r, acrtter. 

NEBVOUSNESS —subst. = timidity, 
pavSr 3 m.; timiSr 3 m.; formido 3 f. ; 
m:Stus 4 ; terrdr 3 m. ; trSmdr 3 m. ; 
horrdr 3 m. 

NESS — subst. = headland, promonto- 
rium 2. See Cape (a). 

NEST — subst., nidus 2. Sometimes 
cubile 3 n. ; cunE 1 pi. It may often 
be translated by " home," q. v. 

Ep. safe, warm, woodland, &c. 

NEST, to — V. neut., nidified 1 ; con- 
gSro 3 (Verg. Eel. iii. 69). 

Phr., nidum fingo 3 ; construo 3; fa- 
cto 3 ; suspendo 3, &c. 

NESTLE, to — V. neut. Perhaps Jim- 
rSo 2; sSdSo 2; rMdgo 2; latSo 2; 
fdvSd 2. 

Phr., the snake nestled in the 
ground, fovU hiimum cdlubgr (Verg. 
Georg. iii. 418-420). 

NESTLING— subst., pullus 2 (often 
with epithet, implumls, imfledged) ; 
fetus 4 ; nidi 2 pi. ; cf. Verg. Georg. i. 
414. [&c. 

Ep. tender, greedy, open-mouthed. 



NET 



( 243 ) 



NIGHTSHADE 



NET— subst. 

(a) reti 3 n. ; reticidum 2. 

Ep. woven, light, wide-meshed (ra- 
rus), &c. 

(b) for hunting, rettf 3 n. ; casses 3 m. 
pi. ; laquii 2 pi. ; plagse 1 pi. ; Una 
2 pi. 

(c) for fishing, rete 3 n. ; Una 2 pi. ; 
funds 1 (a casting net). 

NET, to — V. act. 
(a) texo 3 ; contexo 3 ; noclo 1. 
lb) to catch (of fish). See Catch, to (d). 

NETHEE, NETHEEMOST— adj., in- 
f?rm, infSr'idr, infimm, Infernm, Imus. 

Phr., the nether world, inferd regno. 
2 pi. ; Plutonid regna 2 pi. ; TdrtarSse 
sides 3 f. pi. ; Orctis 2, &c. 

NETTLE— subst., urtlca 1. 

Ep. poisonous, spiteful, &c. 

NETTLE, to — V. act. = to ii-ritate, 
q. V. 

NETJTEAL — adj., mSdius, asquus, Jus- 
tus. 

NEVEE — adv., niinquam. 

Phr., non-unquam, vix-unquam. 

NEVEETHELESS — adv., tain^n, at- 
tamSn, at, veruntdingn. 

NEW — adj., ndvus, rScens. Some- 
times integer, intactus. 

NEWBOEN— adj., r^cens. 

Phr., trUJdd ndtus, nupSr ndtus, &c. 

NEWLY — adv., mddS, nupgr, rScens. 

NEWNESS— subst., ndvltds 3 f. 

NEWS — subst., nuntlus 2 ; ruindr 3 
m. ; farm 1. [3 f. 

Phr., nuntid verba 2 pi. ; nunttd vox 

Ep. good, bad, sudden, strange, &c. 

NEWT — subst., Idcertd 1 ; stelUo 3 m. 
(Verg. Georg. iv. 243). 

NEXT — adj. = nearest in place, 
proxlmus. See Near. 

NEXT — adv., ind^, deind?, dShlnc 
(sometimes used as a monosyllable), 
exin, exlndS, post. The word " next " 
often forms part of the verb, e.g. sum- 
mer comes next to spring, ver exciplt 
sestds. 

NIBBLE, to — ^v. act., rodo 3 ; mordio 
2 ; mdndo 3. See Gnaw, to. 

Phr., dents prSmo 3, or Isedo 3. 

NICE— adj. 
(a) delicious, sudvls, grdtus, jucundus, 

dulcis, pldcens, dcceptus, dmdbiUs, 

dmcenus (of sight only). 



(h) delicate, lautus, delXcdtUs (Mart., 

Ca,i.\ fdstldlosus, moUis, tSnSr. 
(c) refined, perfectus, emenddtus, Umd- 

tus, excultus, eximius. 

NICELY— adv., bSnff,puIcre. 

NICETY — subst. Perhaps fdstidlum 
2. To a nicety, dd unguem. 

NICHE — subst., dngulus 2. 

NICKNAME— subst., cogn&mSn 3 n. 

NICKNAME, to— v. act. Use v8c6 
1 ; dppellu 1 ; nomlno 1. 

Phr., cognomen do, irr. See, too, Ov. 
Fast. ii. 599, sqq. 

NIECE— subst. Phr., frdtrts or slfro' 
rls fiUd 1. Sometimes you can use 
neptis 3 f. 

NIGGAED, NIGGAEDLY — adj. = 
avaricious, dvdrus, pjdrcus, sordldus, md- 
Ugnus, pdrcens. 

NIGH — adv. and prep. = near, q. v. 

NIGHT — subst., nox 3 f. Sometimes 
tSnebrse 1 pi. ; umbrd 1 ; cdUgo 3 f. 

Phr., noctts spdtium 2 ; tempus 3 n. ; 
horE 1 pi. ; silentia 2 pi. ; nocturnS 
tempdrd, 3 pi. ; nocturne vices 3 f. pi., 
&c. All night, pernox, adj., I pass 
the night, pemocto 1. 

Ep. late, dewy, dark, timeless, re- 
turning, sad, silent, sleep-bringing, 
festive, &c. 

NIGHT BIED— subst. Uaendctudl. 

NIGHTBOEN — adj. Phr., noctff 
ndtus. 

NIGHTCAP— subst. See Cap. 

NIGHTFALL— subst. = evening, q. v. 

NIGHTFAEING — adj., noctlvdgus^ 
luciftigus (lit. light-shunning). 

NIGHTINGALE — subst., Phlldmela 
1 ; Atthis 3 f . (Mart.) ; luscinid 1 (Mart). 

Phr., Daulids dUs 3 f. ; Attica, Cecrif- 

pid, &c., avis 3 f. 

Ep. tuneful, sad, night-loving, &c. 

NIGHTLY — adj., nocturnus, pernox 
(lit. lasting all night). 

NIGHTLY— adv. Use noctS. 

Phr., quotqudt Sunt noctes (lit. as 
many nights as pass). 

NIGHTMAEE — subst. Use somnlum 
2 ; or insomnium 2 ; with epithets, e.g. 
dreadful, &c. ; sometimes LSmures 3 m. 
pi. ; simuldcrd 2 pi. ; mdnes 3 m. pi. Per- 
haps PhSbetdr 3. Cf. Ov. Met. xi. 640. 

NIGHTSHADE — subst., soldnum 2 
(Pliny ; no poetical authority). 
B 2 



NIGHT WATCH 



( 244 ) 



NORTH 



Phr., jaUax herba 1, vSneni. Cf. 
Verg. Eel. iv. 24. 

NIGHTWATCH-6ubst. Use ezcu- 
hlas 1 pi. 

NIMBLE — adj., agtltg, iSvTs, acSr, cS- 
iSr, pernix, impig^r, cltus, velox. 

NIMBLY— adv., ISvltSr, cltS. 

Phr., cSlSri pSdS. 

NINE — adj., ndvem. 

Phr., tSr tres. Nine days old, nSvem- 
dldlig. 

NINTH — adj., nonus, nSvenus. 

NIP, to — V. act., mordSo 2 ; uro 3 ; 
ixdo 3 ; aduro 3 ; to be nipped = to 
•wither, arSd 2 ; marcio 2 ; languid 2 ; 
and passives of verbs above. 

NIPPLE — subst., papilla 1. 

NO — ^adj., nullus. 

Phr., non-ullMs. 

NO — adv., non ita ; to say no, nigo 1. 

NOBILITY— Bubflt. 

(a) nobilitda 3 f. 

Phr., mens gSnSrosa or sublimts. 

(b) high birth, nobilitds 3 f. Often g^- 
nus 3 n. ; stirps 3 f. ; sanguis 3 m. ; 
with epithets, e.g. cldrGs, amtus, &c. 

(c) body of nobles, nobllltds 3 f . ; prS- 
cSres 3 pi. ; prlmores 3 pi. ; duces 
3 pi. 

Ep. proud, warlike, loyal, &c. 

NOBLE— adj. 
(a) high-bom, nobllis, gSnSrosus. 

Phr., stirpS, sdngulnS, &c. cldriis, il- 
lustris, &c. 
(6) honourable, nobTlis, gSnSrosUs, hSnes- 

tus, pulcMr, rndgnanimus, sublimis. 

NOBLE, NOBLEMAN— subst. Per- 
haps dux 3 m. ; juvffnis 3 m. Usually 
in plural, pr8c?res 3 pi. ; priTnores 3 pi. ; 
duces 3 pi. ; reges 3 pi. 

NOBLENESS — subst. = nobility (a), 
q. V. 

NOBLY — adv., Mn^, pulchre, Mneste. 

NOBODY — subst., nemo 3 ; gen. nul- 
Uus, abl. nullo (Mart., Juv., &c.). 

NOCTXJBNAL — adj., nocturnUs, noc- 
tlvagus. 

NOD, to — ^v. neut. 
(a) nuto 1. 
(6) to doze, or be drowsy, dormito 1 (H.). 

V. act., to nod assent, annuo 3. 

NOD — subst., nutus 4. 

NOISE — subst., sdnus 2; s8nitus 4; 
cldmffr 3 m. ; strSpitus 4 ; fremitus 4 ; 
JragSr 3 m. ; murmur 3 n. ; iOnSr 3 m. ; 



striddr 3 m. ; tumultus 4 ; roa; 3 f. ; 
cldngSr 3 m. Sometimes tinnitUs 4 
(tinkling) ; mugitus 4 (bellowing) ; su- 
surrus 2 (whispering). 

Ep. pleasant, unwelcome, repeated, 
harsh, distant, sudden, &c. 

NOISE, to— V. act., with "abroad," 
" forth," &c., vulgo 1 ; spdrgo 3 ; dtf- 
fundo 3. 

NOISELESS — ^adj., sllens, tacttus, tS- 
cens, inoffensus (of footsteps); so also 
imperciissus. 

Phr., sini vocS. 

NOISOME— adj. 
(a) hurtful, q. v. 
(6) fetid, q. v. 

NOISY — adj. = loud, raucus, sSndns, 
frSmens, sdndbllis, ddrus, sffnorus, some- 
times gdrrulus, Idqudx (of a plEice); 
sometimes drgutus. 

NOMAD— subst., NSmadSs 3 pi. 

NOMAD, NOMADIC — adj., vag^s, 
prdfugus, cdmpestSr, errdticus, errdbun- 
dUs, errdns, vagdns. Cf. Verg. Georg. 
iii. 339. Armentdrliis AfSr. 

NOMINATE, to — ^v. act. = to appoint 
(b), q. V. 

NONAGE — subst., pi&SriUa 1 ; or 
puertia 1. 

Phr., puSrills or t^nSra xtds 3 f. ; 
prtmi dnni 2 pi. 

NONE — subst. = nobody, no one, 
nemo ; gen. nullms, abl. nullo. 

NONE — adj., nullus. 

NONSENSE— subst., nugas 1 pi. (H.). 

NOOK — subst., dngulus 2 ; r^cessQs 4 ; 
latebrse 1 pi. ; pSnStrdli 3 n. ; secessus 4 ; 
devia 2 pi. 

Ep. retired, shadv, familiar, &c. 

NOON, NOONDAY, NOONTIDE — 
subst., mSridles 5. 

Phr., dies 5, midltis ; lux 3 f ., -mSdia ; 
sol 3 m., mSdlus, or dltlssimtis ; sol mS- 
dio vectus in orb?, or in dxS. Cf., too, 
Ov. A. A. iii. 723-4 ; Fast. ii. 164. 

NOONDAY, NOONTIDE— adj., mSri- 
didnus (Mart.). Often use mSd'ius. 

NOOSE — Bubst., nodus 2 ; laquiUs 2 ; 
vinculum 2 ; or vinclum 2. 

Ep. twisted, tight, &c. 

N00SE;4d — v. act. See Catch, to. 

NOR — conj., nSc, nSq'uS. 

NOETH— subst., ArctSs 2 ; septentrXo 
3 m.; often separately, e.g. septem svb- 



NORTH, NORTHERLY ( 245 ) 



NUMEROUS 



jecta trionl gens, a race that lies to the 
north. The north wind, BdrSds 3 m. ; 
Aquilo 3 m. ; Caurm 2. 

Ep. cold, barren, hardy, &c. 

NOKTH, NORTHEKLY, NOKTHERN 
— adj., Arctous, ArcticUs, HyperhdrSus, 
Bdreus ; sometimes glacialis, gSlldus, 
frigidus, Threicius, Thrdcius, &c. 

NOETHSTAR— subst., CynSsura 1. 
Often Arctds 2, Ursa 1. 

NORTHWARD — adv. Phr., ad or 
tub Arctdn, ad BdrSdn. 

NOSE — subst., ndris 3 f. Usually 
in pi. ndsus 2 (H.). 

NOSE, to — V. act., of a dog, 
ddordr 1. 

NOSEGAY— subst. Use serta 2 pi. ; 
c&rona 1 ; or substitute names of 
flowers. 

Ep. fragrant, various, short-lived, &c. 

NOSTRIL— subst., ndrls 3 f. Usually 
in plural. 

Phr., cava ndris. 

NOT — adv.. non, often minus, parum, 
malS. 

NOTABLE— adj. 

(a) renowned, ndtdbilis, nobills, cldrus, 
illustrts, egr^gius, inclytus, dScorus, 
prsecldrus, insignls, mSmifrdbllis, cSlS- 
Mr, conspicuus. 

(b) notorious, fdmosus, InfdmXs. 
NOTCH, to — V. act., Incldo 3. 
NOTE— subst. 

(o) mark, nOta 1. 

(6) to take note of = to notice, q. v. 

(c) melody, q. v. Notes of music, sep- 
tem dlscrlmind vocum. 

(d) letter (b), q. v. 

(e) a man of note = an illustrious man. 
See Notable. 

NOTE, to — v. act. 
(a) to mark, observo 1 ; euro 1 ; ant- 

mddverto 3 ; conthnplSr 1. 
(6) to record, scriho 3 ; ndto 1. 

NOTED, NOTEWORTHY — adj. = 
notable, q. v. 

NOTHING— subst., nihil indecl., nil 
indecl. 

NOTICE— subst. 

(a) to take notice of, observo 1 ; ant- 
mddverto 3 ; contempJdr 1 ; sentlo 4. 

(b) to give notice to = to warn, q. v. 
NOTION— subst. Phr., imdgo 3 f., or 

sjpScies 5, mentis. 



NOTORIOUS— adj., fdmosus, InfdmXs, 
nob'ilis. 

NOTWITHSTANDING— conj., tamtn, 
dttam/n, at, veruntavftSn. 

NOUGHT — subst., nihil indecl., nil 
indecl. 

NOURISH, to— V. act., alo 3 ; nutrlo 
4 ; enutrio 4 ; pdsco 3 ; fdvSo 2 ; sustl- 
neo2. 

NOURISHMENT — subst. = food, 
q. V. _ 

NOVEL — adj., ndvSs, tnauditus, ins&- 
litus, indssuetus, insuetHs. 

Phr., non usitdtUs. 

NOVELTY— subst., nSvitas 3 f. 

Phr., res nOva. 

NOVICE— subst., tiro 3 m. 

NOVICE — adj., rudls, igndrus. 

NOVITIATE— subst. Perhaps riidi- 
mentum 2. 

NOW — adv., nunc, jam. 

Phr., "now and then "= sometimes, 
q. V. 

NOWADAYS— adv., hddie, nunc. 

NOWHERE— adv., nOsquam. 

Plir., nHUo Idco. 

NOXIOUS— adj. = hurtful, q. v. 

NUDE — adj., nitdus, nuddtus. 

Phr., slnS vestS, vestS carens, pSsUd 
vests, &c. 

NUDITY — subst. See Nakedness. 

Phr., nudum corpus 3 n. ; or nUdd 
membra 2 pi. 

NUGGET— subst., mdssa 1. 

NUISANCE — subst., incommSdum 2 ; 
perhaps damnum 2. 

NULL — adj., cdssus, vdnUs, irritUs. 

NUMBER— subst. 
(a) numSrus 2. 
(6) multitude, numSriis 2 ; copia 1 ; vis 

3 f . ; turba 1 ; cSrona 1 ; frSquentia 1 ; 

ccetus 4 ; tumuUus 4 ; concursus 4. 

Ep. confused, crowded, &c. 
(c) in pi. = poetry, numSri 2 pi. ; Tnddi 

2 pi. ; versus 4 pi. ; cdrmina 3 pi. ; 

cdntus 4 pi. 

Ep. tuneful, stately, &c. 

NUMBER, to — V. act., numSro 1 ; 
dinuin?ro 1 ; enumiro 1 ; rScensSo 2 ; 
percens?d 2. 

NUMBERLESS — adj., innum^rus, in- 
num^rdbilis. 

Phr., niimSro carens. 

NUMEROUS — adj., multus, frSquens, 
crebSr, plurimus. 



NUN 



( 246 ) 



OBJECT 



NUN — subst. Phr., pia vlrgo 3 f. ; 
casta jyuella 1. Perhaps Vestal fs 3 f. 

NTTNNEKY— subst. Phr., s&cra dS- 
miis 2 and 4 f . ; secreta ddmus ; tecta 1 pi., 
rSducta. Perhaps Vestdles fdci 2 pi. 
may be used. 

NITFTIAL — adj., nuptldlis, conjugia- 
lis, jugalis, connubidlis, inaritdllg, mari- 
tiis, sdctdlis. 

NUPTIALS — subst. See Marriage. 

NUBSE — subst., nutrlx 3 f . ; dltrix 
3 f. ; nutricula 1 (H.). 

Ep. loving, old, loyal, &c. 

NUE8E, to— V. act. 

(a) aid 3 ; nutrio 4 ; fdv^o 2. 

(b) to nurse the sick, fdvSo 2. 
Phr., lecto dssldSo 2. 
NUESEEY— subst., may often be 

rendered by nurse, e.g. Home, the nur- 
sery of warriors = nutrix 3 f. Boma vi- 
rorum. 

NUESLING— subst., alumnUs 2 ; fern. 
alumna 1. 

Ep. tender, soft, &c. 

NUETUEE— subst., cultus 4. Some- 
times = food, q. V. 

NUETUEE, to — V. act., edUco 1 ; f6- 
vSo 2 ; exercSo 2 ; nutrio 4 ; old 3 ; enu- 
trlo 4 ; pdsco 3. 

NUT— subst., nux 3 f. 

NUTBEOWN— adj., fuscus. 

Phr., sols tdctus, solg pSrustus. 

NUTSHELL — subst., putdmin 3 n. 
(no good poetical authority). 

NUTEIMENT— subst. = food, q. v. 

NUTEITIOUS, NUTEITIVE— adj.= 
■wholesome, q. v. 

NYMPH — subst., nympha 1 ; nymphe 
1 f. ; semidffa 1. Often use names 
of particular nymphs ; Dryas 3 f . 
(wood nymph); Nd'ias or Ndis 3 f. 
(water nymph); NerSts 3 f. (sea 
nymph), &c. Sometimes virgo 3 f. ; 
puella 1 ; dSa 1 ; diva 1. For names of 
sea nymphs, see Verg. Georg. iv. 334 
sqq. 



! OH ! — interj. If expressing sor- 
row or pain, use heu! eheu! vae! ah! 
me mlsSrum ! If = ho 1 use heUs ! 
eja ! 

OAF — subst., stultus 2 ; stdlidus 2. 

OAK — subst., quereus 4 f. ; robiir 3 n. ; 



msc&lUs 2 f. ; holm oak, ilex 3 f . ; oak 
forest ; quercetum 2 ; sesculetum 2. 

Ep. ancient, immovable, shady, &c. 

OAK, OAKEN — adj., quernus, robd- 
rSus, ilignus, sesculPus. 

OAE — subst., remus 2 ; pdlmuld 1 ; 
pdlmd 1 (Cat.); tonsa 1, (usually in 
plural) ; drhSr 3 f. ; cf. Verg. uSn. x. 
207 ; bank of oars, remtgium 2. 

Ep. polished, tough, wet, &c. 

OAEAGE — subst., remlgtum 2. Often 
use remex 3 m. (lit. an oarsman). 

Phr., remorum ordo 3 m. ; pulsus 4, 
&c. 

OASIS — subst. No equivalent. Per- 
haps hospUium 2. Speak of f antes 3 m., 
iTquidi; virens herha 1 ; mSdiis fons 
3 m., ortiis arenis. 

OAT — subst. 
(a) avena 1. 
(6) a shepherd's pipe, avena 1 ; stTpulS 

1. Use also calami 2 pi. ; drundo 3 f. ; 

fistula 1. See Pipe. 

Ep. rustic, tuneful, &c. 

OATH — subst., sdcrumentum 2 ; ju«- 
jurdndum 2 ; both parts declined, often 
separately, e.g. jurdndi formula juris 
(Ov. Her. xxi. 133). Sometimes /tde« 
5; pignus 3n. 

Ep. sacred, lasting, pledged, &c. 

OBDUEATE — adj., immobllis, inexor- 
dbilis, immlsgrdhilts, dUrus. 

Phr., flecti nescius. 

OBEDIENCE— subst., obsSqulum 2. 

Ep. humble, ready, feigned, &c. 

OBEDIENT — adj. Sometimes _parens, 
submissus, qfficlosus, dffcilis, facilis, 
trdctdbllis. Sometimes /amuiMs = ser- 
vile. 

OBEDIENTLY— adv., sibmis^. Of- 
ten render by adj. 

OBEISANCE— subst. Phr., to make 
obeisance, say to bend the knee or to 
stoop with bent knee. 

OBELISK— subst. Use cdlumna 1. 

OBESE— adj. = fat, q. v. 

OBEY, to — v. act., pdrio 2. 

Phr., jdssa or impSrlum sSqiUk 3 
faeXo 3 ; patidr 3. 

OBJECT — subst. 
(a) res 5. Usually omitted in trans- 
lating, e.g. the object of my love, 

nostSr amdr 3 m. ; nostrE dellclgs 

1 pi. ; the object of the nation's care. 



OBJECT 



( 247 ) 



OBVIATE 



publica cum 1, &c. Sometimes rod- 
Mr la 1. 
(b) purix)se, q. v. 

OBJECT, to— V. act., with " to." Per- 
haps culpo 1. 
OBLIGE, to— V. act. 

(a) to confer an obligation on, demlrSo 
2 ; obligo 1. See Please, to (cf. Ov. 
Fast. ii. 62 ; Met. ix. 248). 

(b) to compel, q. v. 

OBLIGING — adj., facllts, indulgens, 
hSnignm, lenls, cleniens, bdnus, cdmis. 

OBLIQUE — adj., obllquus, trdnsversiis. 

OBLIQUELY— adv., ab obltquo, pSr 
obllquum. 

OBLITEEATE, to— v. act., deMo 2 ; 
abdm 2. 

OBLIVION— subst., obllvlo 3 f.; 6b- 
livla 2 pi. ; Lethe 3 f . 

Phr., Lethsex aqux 2 pi. ; Lethsea 
poculd 2 pi. ; Lethsel latices 3 m. 

Ep. lasting, careless, unwelcome, 
jealous, &c. 

OBLIVIOUS — adj., ImmSmdr, oblltus. 

Phr., 7idn mgrnSr, parum m^m&r ; Sb- 
livtosus = causing oblivion. 

OBLOQUY — subst., censura 1 ; oppro- 
brium 2. 

OBNOXIOUS— adj. 

(a) subject to, obnoxlus, expSsUus, 6b- 
jectus. 

(b) hateful, invisus, ddlosus. 
OBSCENE— adj. 

{a) disgusting, obscenus, incestus, im- 
purus, turpis, foedus. 

(b) ill-omened, obscenus, infaustus, sin- 
ister, tristis. 
OBSCURE-^adj.. 

(o) dark, tenebrosus, obscurus, umbro- 
sus, cdliginosus, nigSr, dtSr, nubilus, 
dpdcus, cdllgdns, subnubilus, prsenubl- 
lus. 

(6) unintelligible, dmhlguus, obscurus, 
csecus. 

Phr., obscure sayings = dmbdges 3 f . pi. 
«OBSCU£E, to— V. act. 

(a) to darken, obscuro 1 ; umbro 1 ; 
Sbumbro 1 ; 8pdc6 1 ; fusco 1. See 
Darken, to. 

(b) to hide, q. v. 
OBSCURELY— adv. = dimlv, q. v. 
OBSCURITY— subst. = darkness, q.v. 
OBSEQUIES— subst. See Funeral. 
OBSEQUIOUS— mlj., qflciosus. 
Phr., jrronus in obsSquium. 



OBSERVANCE— subst. 

(a) obedience, obsSqulum 2. 

Qi) to do observance = to celebrate, 
cSlebro 1 ; c8l6 3 ; facio 3 ; concSle- 
br6 1. 

(c) ceremony or rite, n<M« 4; cultiis 4; 
sacra 2 pi. ; s6lemnia 3 pi. 
OBSERVANT— adj. 

(a) diligent, q. v. 

(ft) with " of," e.g. observant of a com- 
mand, mSmSr. 
OBSERVE, to — V. act. 

(a) to watch, serv6 1 ; observo 1 ; ex- 
pl6r6 1 ; sp^culdr 1 ; n^to 1 ; content 
plOr 1 ; tuSUr 2 ; circumspicio 3 ; ant- 
mddvert6 3; lig6 3 (Verg. vi 755, 
&c.). 

(b) to celebrate, c^ebr6 1 ; cSlo 3 ; facio 
3; concStebr6 1. 

OBSERVER— subst. = beholder, q. v. 

OBSOLETE— adj., obsidetus, vStustus, 
dntiqiius, vStus. 

OBSTACLE — subst. Sometimes mSra 
1 ; rem6rdm?n 3 n. Sometimes = bar- 
rier, claustra 2 pi. ; obex 3 m. 

Phr., to put obstacles in the way = 
to hinder, q. v. [&c. 

Ep. insuperable, opposed, weighty, 

OBSTINANCY — subst. Sometimes 
c6nstdntia 1. 

Phr., mens 3 f., nescta flecti = a 
mind that will not bend ; imnwtd v^un- 
tds 3 f . = a firm will ; so also animus 2 ; 
sententia 1 ; with suitable epithets. 

Ep. stubborn, immoveable, &c. 

OBSTINATE — adj.,pertindx, constdns, 
immotus, obstlndtus, indScills, firmUs, 
tSndx, dlficilis. 

OBSTRUCT, to— V. act. 
(a) to bar, claud6 3 ; prsedudo 3 ; obstruo 

3 ; prsestruo 3. 
(&) to hinder, q. v. 

OBTAIN, to — V. act. 
(a) paro 1 ; pari5 3 ; adlpiscdr 3 ; pdtlSr 

3 and 4; capio 3; quErd 3; cam- 
par 6 1. 

V. neut. 

(6) to endure, q. v. 

OBTEST, to — V. act. = to adjure, 
q. V. ; obsecro 1 ; obtestfk 1. 

OBTRUDE, to — V. act. Phr., ultrd 
infero, irr. 

OBTUSE— adj. = dull (a), (d), q. v. 

OBVIATE, to — V. act. = to prevent, 
q.v. 



OBVIOUS 



( 248 ) 



OFFENCE 



OBVIOTTS— adj. 

(a) evident, certus, veriis, manifestus, 
cldrus. 

Phr., Twn dubitia. 

(b) meeting, obvius, oppdsitus, ddversUs. 
OCCASION— subst. 

(o) cause, causa 1. 

(6) opportunity, q. v., occasio 3 f . ; tem- 

pu8 3 n. 

Ep. lucky, unexpected, &c. 

OCCASION, to— V. act, efftclo 3; 
fdclo 3. 

OCCIDENT— subst = the west, q. v. 

OCCIDENTAL — adj. = western, q. v. 

OCCULT— adj. = hidden, q. v. 

OCCUPANT— subst., possessor 3 m. ; 
Incdla 1 ; dffmlnus 2. 

OCCUPATION— subst., munus 3 n.; 
officlum 2 ; euro. 1 ; labSr 3 m. ; dpSra 1 ; 
Opus 3 n. 

Ep. tedious, easy, humble, &c. 

OCCUPY, to— v.'act. 
(a) to possess, poss'tdSo 2 ; t^TiSo 2 ; 

TiabSo 2 ; pHtidr i ; frudr 3 ; obtlnSo 2. 
(6) to employ, exercSo 2. 

OCCUB, to — ^v. neut. 
(a) to happen, q. v. 
(6) Phr., it occurs to me, eubtt, sucourrU, 

in mentem v?nit, &c. 

OCCUERENCE— subst., res 5; casus 
4 ; eventus 4. _ 

OCEAN — subst., Ocganus 2; pSlagus 

2 n. Often use TnarS 3 n. ; pontus 2 ; 
EqiiSr 3 n. ; eeqiiSra 3 pi.; frStum 2; 
frgta 2 pi. ; prd/undum 2 ; dltum 2 ; 
«/fa 2 pi. ; solum 2 ; mdrmffr 3 n. ; mar- 
j«^a 3 pi. 

Phr., Neptunia drvS 2 pi. ; decani 
gurg^s 3 m. ; regno 2 pi. ; trdctus 4 pi., 
&c. ; rSda 2 pi., cserula ; maris eequdr 

3 n. Sometimes kingdom of Neptuniis, 
NerSus, Tetliys, ThStis, &c. 

Ep. boundless, foaming, stormy, 
calm, blue, billowy, monster-breeding, 
treacherous, smiling, &c. 

OCHBE — subst. = yellow colour, lu- 
tum 2. Perhaps pdllhr 3 m. ; crdeus 2. 

OCTOBEE— subst., October 3 m. 

OCTOPUS— aubst., octlpes 3. 

ODD — adj. 

(a) eccentric, perhaps ndvUs, miriis, 
rldendUs. 

(b) uneven, Impdr. 
ODDS — subst. 



(o) Phr., the odds are on Achilles' side, 
fortuna sScunddt Achillem, dius ddstdt 
Achilli, prxstdt Achilles, fit mdjdr 
Achilles, &c. 

(b) it makes no odds, nil intSrest. 

(c) to be at odds = to quarrel, q. v. 
ODE — subst., carman 3 n. Often use 

lyre, Ipra 1 ; cithdra 1 ; fild 2 pi. ; fides 
3 f . pi. ; bdrbttds 2 ; testudo 3 f. ; cMlps 
3 f. ; chordsB 1 pi. 

Ep. inspired, eloquent, august, Pin- 
daric (Finddrlcus'), &c. 

ODIOUS — adj. = hateful, Sdiosus, in- 
visus, oft'ensm. 

ODIUM — subst. = hatred, ddium 2 ; 
invidid 1. 

ODORIFEROUS, ODOROUS — adj., 
SdorlfSr, ddorus, ddordtus, frdgrdns, ha- 
Idns, dlens, rMSlens. 

Phr., ddorS pleniis, ddorem spirdns. 

ODOUI^-subst. 
(a) fragrance, Odffr 3 m. ; sometimes 

hdlltus 4; (Turd 1. 

Ep. sweet, spring, familiar, strange, 
&c. 
(&) in plural odours, Sdores 3 m. ; un- 

guentum 2 ; ndrdiis 2 f . ; dmomum 2 ; 

mdldbdthrum, 2. 

Ep. rich, Syrian (Sprlus), Assyrian 
(Assprius). 
(c) stench, dd(fr 3 m. ; mSphitis 3 f. 

Ep. foul, loathsome, deadly, &c. 

OFF — adv. Usually combined with 
other words and translated in conjunc- 
tion with them, e.g. 
(a) far off, prdcfd, longe. 
(&) to come oif = to happen, dccido 3 j 

ev^nlo 4. 

(c) to go off = to depart, dbSo, irr. ; 
discedo 3. 

Phr., me hino prortpio 3, or rap- 
id 3. 

(d) to be well oflf, vdl^o 2. 

(e) to be badly off, Idboro 1. 

(f) to get off (a horse), destlio 4 ; de- 
scendo 3. 

(g) to throw off, abjicto 3 ; excutio 3. 
(/i) to take off, exUo 3. 

OFF — interj = begone, Sbi. 
Phr., i prdcul, prdcul Ss. 
OFFENCE— subst. 
(a) crime, scSltis 3 n. ; crimen 3 n. ; 
f acinus 3 n. ; nSfds n. indec. ; delictum 
2; peccdtum 2; culpa 1; ddmissun^ 



OFFEND 



( 249 ) 



OLD AGE 



2 ; fldgltlum 2 ; commissum 2 ; placu- 

lum 2 ; noxa 1. 

Ep. base, unspeakable, sad, &c. 
(h) injury, offensa 1 ; injuria 1 ; noxd 1 ; 

rulnus 3 n. 

Ep. grievous, undeserved, &c. 

OFFEND, to— V. act., ndcfo 2 ; IMo 
3 ; oh»um, irr. ; officio 3 ; displlcSo 2 ; 
offendo 3. 

Phr., gravis or m^lestus sum. 

OFFENDEE — subst., ndcens 3 m. ; 
sons 3 m. ; reils 2. 

OFFENSIVE— adj. 

(a) disgusting, gravis,7ndlestu8, ingrdtus, 
Odlosus. 

(b) hurtful, q. v. 
OFFER, to— V. act. 

(a) to hold out, prsesto 1 ; porrigo 3 ; 

qf^ro, irr. ; probed 2 ; (^o 1, irr. 
(6) to offer sacrifice, often those above 

except prseb^o and do ; libo 1 ; mdcto 

1 ; sacra facJo 3 ; ad! aram duco 3 ; 

dntg fdcum statUo 3, &c. 

(c) to propose, pollicgSr 2 ; promitto 3 ; 
spondSo 2 ; prSflt?8r 2. 

V. neut. Phr., the occasion 

oflfers, tempus adest. 

OFFER — subst. = proposal, promis- 
sum 2 ; pdctum 2 ; condlcio 3 f . Usually 
render by verb, e.g. to make an offer = 
to offer (c), q. v. I accept your offer of 
peace = I accept your offered peace, 
obldtam dccipto pdcem. 

OFFERING — subst., munGs 3 n. ; do- 
num2; vdtiim2; InfSrlse. 1 pi. = offer- 
ings to the dead. See Sacrifice. 

Ep. pious, rich, costly, humble, fre- 
quent, &c. 

OFFHAND — adj., subitus, repentinus, 
nScdprnus, >n8plnus, improvisus. 

OFFHAND— adv., sublt5, ultro, tS- 
mSrS. 

OFFICE — subst., munUs 3n. ; offtcXum 
2 ; mlnistSrium 2 ; 'partes 3 f. pi. Some- 
times niimM 2 pi. (Ov. Her. iv. 88; 
R. Am. 372, &c., &c.). 

Ep. humble, pleasant, base, mean, 

OFFICER— subst. 
(a) Hctdr 3 m. 
(6) in the army, use trlbunus 2. 

OFFICIOUS— adj. = interfering, m8- 
lestus, importunus (Yi.),gravis,(off'i.closus 
is only used in good sense, meaning 
kind, courteous). 



OFFING— subst. Use pglagus 2 ». 
(neighbourhood, &c.). 

OFFSET, OFFSHOOT — subst. = 
sprout, germSn 3 n. ; surculUs 2 ; vir- 
gulta 2 pi. ; vlrga 1 ; flSgellum 2 ; fru- 
tex 3 m. 

Ep. tender, green, fruitful, &c. 

OFFSCOTIRING— subst. Use fSx 3 f . 
(Juv.); lit. dregs. 

OFFSPRING— subst., proles 3 f. ; 
prSpdgo 3 f. ; subdles 3 f. ; gens 3 f . ; 
gSniis 3 n. ; stirps 3 f. ; progenies 5. 
Use sAaoflllus 2 ; ndtus 2 ; nSpos 3 m. ; 
postgSnitl 2 pi. ; minores 3 m. pi. ; vis- 
cSra 3 pi. 

Ep. tender, generous, noble, worthy^ 
unworthy, &c. 

OFT, OFTEN.OFTENTIMES, OFT- 
TIMES, — adv., sxpS, sieptus, crebro, vul- 
go, dssidue,frSquentSr, frSquentius (both 
rare), perssepS ; as often as, qudties. 
See Whenever. 

Phr., non rdro, liaud rdro. 

OGLE, to — V. act. No equivalent. 
Perhaps mollS tugdr 2. Of. Hor. Od. 
I. xix. 8 and i. xxxvi. 17. 

OGRE — subst. = giant, q. v. 

OH ! ! — interj. If expressing sor- 
row or pain, use heu! eheu! dh! vie! 
me mtsSrum ! If = ho, heus, eja. 

OIL — subst., dlSum 2 ; Slivum 2 ; 
Pallas 3 f . 

Ep. rich, liquid, clear, &c. 

OIL, to — v. act., unguo 3 ; pSrungo 3 ; 
Inungo 3 (H.). 

OILY — adj., lubrtcus, unctus, pinguls. 

OINTMENT — subst., unguentum 2; 
unguSn 3 n. 

OLD— adj. 

(a) aged, sSnex, usually a substantive 
= an old man ; sSniSr, vStulus, grdn- 
dievus, longxvus, dnnosus, sSnescens, 
sometimes senilis, anilis. 

Phr., dnnis, setdtS, sSnlo, &c., gravis^ 
tdrd&s, confectus, debllis, ffdctus, iners, 
infirmus, &c., obsitus xvo. Comparative, 
older, mMjSr ; superlative, oldest, mdxi- 
mus. 

(b) ancient, dntiquus, vStus, vStustuSy 
priscus, pristlnus. Ancient poets 
refer to Tithonus 2; Nestdr 3; of. 
Hor. Odes ii. 16, 30 and ii. ix. 13. 
OLD AGE — subst., senectus 3 f.; 

sSnlum (dotage or infirmity) ; sSnecid 1 ; 
cdnitles 5; = grey hairs; cdni 2 pi. 



OLD 



( 250 ) 



OPAL 



-= grey hairs ; vStustds 3 f . ; sometimes 
rugsR 1 pi. = wrinkles. 

Phr., sitds 3 f., sera or seridr; Etas 
3 f., sSnilis. 

Ep. A. contented, vigorous, &c. Cf. 
Verg. Mn. vi. 304. B. wrinkled, feeble, 
sad, morose, &c. 

OLD, to gprow — V. neut., sSnesco 3; 
consSnesco 3 (lit. to grow old together). 

Phr., sSnex/io, irr. 

OLD, of — adv., olim, quondam. Often 
ants, prius, jdmprldem, jamdudum, pri- 
dem, dudum. 

OLDEN— adj. = old (b), q. v. 

OLD-FASHIONED— adj. = old (b\ 
q. V. 

OLD MAN — subst., sSnex 3 m. 

OLD MAN— adj., senilis. 

OLD WOMAN — subst., vStula 1 ; 
anus i. 

OLD WOMAN— adj., anllis. 

OLEASTEE — subst. = wild olive, 
aiSdstSr 2 m. 

Ep. barren, useless, &c. 

OLIVE— subst. 
(a) the tree, 8lSa 1 ; 6Uvd 1. 

Phr., Pdlladis drbdr 3 f. 

Ep. grey, fruitful, pale, &c. 
(h) the fruit, dlia 1 ; dlivd 1 ; some- 
times hdca 1. 

Ep. abundant, rich, &c. 
(c) the oil, dlSum 2 ; Slivum 2 ; Pallas 

3f. 

Ep. rich, liquid, clear, &c. 

OLIVE — adj., SledgXnus. 

OLIVE-BEARING— adj., mivlfer. 

OLIVE PRESS— subst. See Press. 

OLIVE-YARD— subst., dlivetum. 

OMEN — subst., omffn 3 n. ; augurtum 
2 ; ausptcium 2 ; portentum 2 ; mon- 
strum 2; prsemgta 2 pi. Sometimes 
avXs 3 f . ; dlSs 3 f. 

Phr., dSorum, divorum, &c., mSnltus 
4 ; prsecepta 2 pi. 

Ep. A. favourable, bright, joyful, &c. 
B. adverse, gloomy, sad, &c. 

OMENED— adj. 

(a) ill-omened, infellx, malus, infaustus ; 
(not of persons) tristis, Isevus, obscenus, 
sinister. 

Phr., malg omindtus, non ausplcdtus, 
mala avi, Imvo omlnS, dis ddversis, inlquo 
sidSrS, &c. 

(b) well-omened = lucky, bdnus, faus- 



tus, dextSr, sScundus, prospSr, ImtUs, 

felix, fortundtus. 

Phr., benS omindtus. 

OMINOUS — adj. = inauspicious, q. v. 

OMINOUSLY — adv. Perhaps mlndn- 
ter, malS, tristS. 

OMIT, to — V. act. = to leave out, 
mltto 3 ; dmlttO 3 ; negligo 3. 

OMNIPOTENCE— subst. Phr., in- 
fin'itd pdtestas 3 f . ; sinS finS pdtestds 
Sf. 

OMNIPOTENT— adj., omntpStens. 

ON — prep., in. Often combined with 
the verb, e.g. to go on, progrSdidr 3; 
to put on, induo 3, &c. 

ON ! — interj., pergS, pergltS. 

ONCE— adv. 

(a) formerly, quondam, olim, dntg,prius, 
dntehdc (dissyll.), pridem, dudum, 
jdmdudum, sometimes nupSr, mddd. 

(b) only once, sSmSl. 

ONE — pron. = a certain one, quldam. 

ONE — adj., unus, solus, unicus. 

ONE-EYED — adj., luscus. 

ONEROUS — adj., gravis, SnSrosus, 
mdledus. 

ONION — subst., cmpa 1 ; eiepS 3 n., 
(H.) ; bulbus 2. 

Ep. strong-smelling, savoury, &c. 

ONLY — adj., unus, solus, unicus. 

ONLY — adv., tdtitwm, solum, nrvSdS, 
tdntummOdd. 

Phr., non nisi or nil nisi. 

ONSET — subst., impStus 4 ; incursus 4. 

ONSLAUGHT— subst. 

Ej). headlong, fierce, confused, mad, 
&c. 

ONWARD— adv. 
(a) Usually expressed by prd com- 
pounded with the verb, e.g. — pro- 

grSdlOr 3 = to go onward, 
(ft) in succession, porro, ultra. 

ONYX— subst., dn^x 3 m. 

Ep. bright, gleaming, polished, &c. 

OOZE — subst., latum 2 ; ccRnum 2 ; 
limus 2 ; ullgo 3 f. 

Ep. wet, foul, clammy, &c. 

OOZE, to — V. neut., I'dbdr 3 ; stlllo 1 ; 
desttllo 1 ; sudd 1 ; mdno 1 ; So, irr. 

OOZY — adj. = muddy, lutSus, liitu- 
lentus, limosus; sometimes = moist, 
humens, humldus, mudldus, iivtdus, 
udus, madens. 

OPAL — subst. Use gemma 1 ; lapil- 
lus 2 (H., Mart.) ; lapis 3 m. 



OPAQUE 



( 251 ) 



OPULENCE 



Ep. of shifting hues (verslcfflffr), 
gleaming, rosy, &c. 

OPAQUE — adj , Spdeus, obscurus, 
crdsstis, densug, csecus. 

OPE, OPEN, to— V. act. 

(a) of a door, &c., rScludo 3 ; apSrlo 4 ; 
pdndo 3 ; rSs^ro 1 ; Idxo 1 ; dUdto 1 
(of a mouth). 

(b) to disclose, apSrlo 4 ; rScludo 3 ; 
pdndo 3 ; patSfaclo 3 ; r^tSgo 3 ; 
det^go 3 ; monstro 1 ; ostendo 3 ; 
prodo 3 ; explico 1 ; vndicd 1 ; mani- 
festo 1. 

V. neut., rSduddr 3, &c. ; or 

with reflectives, hto 1 ; d^isco 3 (of 
the earth, sea, sky, also of boats); 
hlsco 3 (of the earth). 

OPEN— adj. 

(a) unclosed, patfdus, apertus, rSdusus, 
patens, patifdctus, adapertus ; half- 
open = semiadapertus ; adapertilis = 
capable of being opened; with two 
openings, bipatens. 

(b) candid, ing^nuus, Mnestus, simplex, 
cdndidus, sincerus (Mart.). 

(c) manifest, cldrus, manlfestus, certus, 
verus. 

Phr., noil dubtus. 

(d) of dress = loose, Idxiis, dissutus, 
sdlutus. 

(e) to be open, pat^o 2 ; patesco 3 ; 
rdresco 3 is used by Verg. ^n. iii. 
411, of a distant passage opening. 
OPEN — subst., as " the open " = 

open country, apertum 2 ; pldnum 2. 

OPEN-EYED— adj. = vigilant, vigil, 
pervigtl, rigiJux, insomnls. 

OPEN-HANDED — adj. = generous, 
Idrgus, hPn'iqnus, muniftcus. 

OPEN-HEAETED— adj. = open (6), 
q. V. 

OPENING— subst. 

(a) breach, q. v. 

(b) of a pit, &c., hiatus 4 ; os 3 n. 
Ep. huge, dark, dire, &c. 
OPENLY — adv., palam, aperte, 

coram. 

Phr., ants dculos. 

OPEN-MOUTHED— adj. 
(a) greedy, aoldus, vSrdx, gulosus 

(Mart.). _ 

(6) clamorous, raucus, sSndns, frSmens, 

Idqudx. 

OPIATE— subst. Use phr., Lethiea 
pocula 2 pi. ; somnlfSri suci 2 pi. 



somnlfSr, sSporifSr 
. neut. = to think. 



OPIATE— ac 

Lethxus. 

OPINE, to 
q. V. 

OPINION — subst., sententia 1 ; con- 
silium 2 ; mens 3 f. Often render by 
verb, e.g. this is my opinion = sic rgffr 
2. 

Ep. fixed, changeable, just, &c. 

OPPONENT — subst., hostis 3 m. ; 
inlmlcus 2 ; xmulus 2 ; rivdlis 3 m. 

Ep. stubborn, generous, &c. 

OPPOETUNE — adj., opportuniis, 
commSdiis, dccommMus, dptus, IdonSus, 
utllls, dexter. 

OPPOETUNELY — adv., dpte, tem- 
pestive. 

Phr., dextro tempdr?. In tempdrg. 

OPPOETUNITY— subst., temims 3 n. ; 
occdsio 3 f . ; copla 1. Sometimes 
facultds 3 f. 

Ep. sudden, lucky, unforeseen, &c. 

OPPOSE, to — V. act. 
(a) to resist, ddversdr 1 ; oppugno 1 ; 

rSslsto 3 ; obsto 1 ; rSpugno 1 ; obnitSr 

3. 
(6) to "place against, oppono 3 ; objlclo 

3 ; objecto 1 ; obverto 3. 

OPPOSEE — subst. = adversary, hos- 
tis 3 m. ; Inlmlcus 2 ; semulus 2 ; rivdlis 
3 m. 

OPPOSITE — adj., ddversus, opp6- 
sltiis, objectus, obelus, contrdrlus, obstdnst 

OPPOSITE — adv., ddversus, contrd. 

OPPOSITE TO— prep., OPPOSITION 
— subst. Render by verb, to offer 
opposition = to oppose, q. v. 

OPPEESS, to — V. act. 

(a) to crush, prSmo 3 ; opprlmo 3 ; 
contundo 3 ; protSro 3 ; urgSo 2 ; cort- 
tgro 3. 

(b) to treat cruelly, prSma 3 ; urgSo 2 ; 
vexo 1 ; solllclto 1 ; lacesso 3 ; tvScSo 
2 ; Ixdo 3 ; gravo 1 ; tdrquSo 2. 
OPPEESSION — subst. = cruelty, 

q. V. 

OPPEESSIVE — adj. = cruel, q. v. 

OPPEESSOE — subst. Use tyrdnnua 
2. 

Ep. unjust, cruel, &c. 

OPPEOBEIOUS — adj., prSbrosus. 

Phr., prdbris or opprdbrlis plenus, &c. 

OPTION— subst. = choice, q. v. 

OPULENCE — subst., divUlse 1 pi.; 
dpes 3 f . pi. ; dpulentld 1 ; gdzd 1 ; 



OPULENT 



( 252 ) 



ORGAN 



thesicmrus 2. Sometimes aurum 2 
gold) ; drgentum 2 (silver) ; pScunia 1 
(money) ; nummi 2 pi. (coins). 

Phr., drgenti pondug 3 n., it auri ; 
arlSf &c., dcervi 2 pi. ; congests pScunia 
1, &c. 

OPULENT — adj., div^s, dpulentus, 
Idcuples, Mdtus, preedivSs. 

OR — conj., vgl, out, vS (enclitic). 

OEACLE— Bubst. 
(a) answer of a god, ordculum 2 ; 

ordclum 2 ; sdrtes 3 f. pi. ; responsa 

2 pi. Sometimes cdrm^n 3 n. ; 

versus 4 ; dmbdges 3 f . pi. 

Ep. truthful, doubtful, deceiving, 
mysterious, &c. 
(6) place where the oracle is given, 

ordculum 2 ; ordclum 2. Often 

substitute temple, deity, Sibyl, 

priestess, &c. 

Ep. august, sacred, dark, &c. 

OEACULAE— adj. 
(o) uttering oracles, fdtldlcus, fdti- 

d[nus, prxsdgus, diviniis, priescius, 

prEniintius. 
(6) obscure, dmbiguiis, obscurus, csecus. 

Phr., oracular speeches, ambages 
3 f. pi. 

OBALLY — adv. Use abl., orS, vocg. 

OBANGE — adj. = orange coloured. 
JJse fldvuii, lutSus, aureus. 

0BAN6E — subst. Perhaps aur^a or 
lutiS poma 2 pi. ; HespSrldum poma 
2 pi. 

OBATION — subst. = harangue, q. v. 

OBATOB — subst., ordtdr 3 m. 
(Juv.); rhetdr 3 m. (Juv.). See Elo- 
quent. 

Ep. eloquent, learned, &c. 

OBATOBY — subst. = eloquence, 
q.v. 

OBB — subst. 
(o) orbls 3 m. ; glSbus 2. 

Ep. round, huge, &c. 
(6) orbit, orbls 3 m. ; gyrus 2 ; cursus 

4 ; circiiitus 4 ; circulus 2. Some- 
times use via 1, ccelum 2, tr actus 4, 

mr 3 n. ; r^glo 3 f . 

Ep. fixed, familiar, &c. 
(c) eye, dculus 2 ; lum^n 3 n. ; Scellus 

2. 

OBBED — adj. = circular, rStuvdus. 

Phr., flexus in orbem, curved into an 

orb. 

OBBIT— subst. See Obb (6). 



OBCHABD — subst., pomartum 2. 

Phr., pdm'ifSr hortus 2. 

Ep. fruitful, shady, full, &c. 

OBDAIN, to— V. act. 
(a) to appoint (a magistrate, &C.),. 

crSo 1 ; facio 3 ; nomlno 1 ; died 3. 
(6) to institute (a law, &c.), statuo 3 ; 

insiituo 3 ; constltuo 3 ; pond 3 ; prx- 

scribo 3 ; fac'io 3 ; do, irr. ; propono 3. 

OBDEAL— subst. Use judicium 2; 
certdm?n 3 n. ; dlscrim^n 3 n. ; drbl- 
trlum 2. 

Ep. dreadful, solemn, &c. 

OBDEB^-subst. 
(a) arrangement, ordd 3 m. ; Ideus 2. 

Phr., order of battle, acies 5 ; order 
of march, dgmSn 3 n. 

Ep. appointed, familiar, &c. 
(&) command, jussum 2 ; mdnddtum 2 ; 

prEceptum 2; dictum 2; impgrlum 

2 ; missus 4 (Verg. j^n. vii. 752). 

Ep. stem, wise, &c. 
(c) rank, ordd 3 m. ; gradUs 4. 

Ep. fit, certain, &c. 

OBDEB, to — V. act. 

(a) to arrange, drdlnd 1 ; instruo 3 ; 
dispdno 3 ; cdmpdnd 3. 

(b) to command, jub^d 2 ; edicd 3 ; im- 
pSrd 1 ; prxcipld 3 ; mdndd 1 ; jpra- 
scribd 3. 

OBDEBLY— adj. 

(a) of an army, instructus. 
Phr., ?>^»^ dispOsltus. 

(b) peaceful, quietus, plScldus, trdn- 
quiUus. 

OBDINANCE — subst., dcta 2 pi. ; 
lex 3 f. ; jus 3 n. 

OEDINABY — adj. = usual, sSlltuSy 
usitdtus, dssSlltus, dssuetus. 

OBDNANCE — subst., tdrmentd 2 pL 
See Caxnox. 

OBDTJBE — subst., /?jnM8 2; merda 1. 

OBE — subst., mStaUum 2 ; Idmna 1. 

Phr., m^tdlli mdssa 1 ; pdndus 3 n., 
&c. 

Ep. precious, heavy, dug out, &c. 
^ OBE AS — subst. (a mountain nymph), 
Oreas 3 f . 

Phr., nymphs 1 mdntSnS; mdntlcidS 
dSS 1, or virgd 3 f., &c. 

Ep. agile, huntress, roaming, &c. 

OBGAN— subst. 
(a) instrument. Perhaps instruTnen- 

tum 2; interprSs 3 m. ; organs of 

the body = limbs, q. v. 



ORGIES 



( 253 ) 



OUTCAST 



(b) (instrument of music), no equiva- 
lent. Perhaps use orgSnum 2 (Juv. 
vi. 380). 
Phr., les 3 n., sdnorum ; concentus 4, 

tubdrum, &c. 

ORGIES— subst., orgia 2 pi.; trig- 

tertca 2 pi. 

Phr., Bdcchi s&cra 2 pi. ; Bdcchi 

chdrus 2. See, too, Ov. Fast. i. 393, 4. 
Ep. frantic, nocturnal, mystic, &c. 
ORIENT— adj. 

(a) eastern, Ediis, drtens, Eurous ; 

sometimes mdtutinus (lit. morning). 
(6) rising, BrXens, exSrlens, surging, rS- 

dlens, r?dux. 

ORIENTAL— adj„ Perstdis. 

ORIFICE— subst., /STram^'n 8 n.; hld- 
tui i ; rima 1 ; o« 3 n. Sometimes 
fSnentra 1. 

Ep. narrow, wide, &c. 

ORIFLAMME — subst. = banner, 
q. V. 

ORIGIN — subst., Orlgo 3 f . ; prln- 
ciplum 2 ; fons 3 m. ; caput 3 n. ; SlS- 
menta 2 pi. Sometimes exordia 2 pi. 

Ep. first, ancient, obscure, remote, 
&c. 

ORIGINAL — adj., pristiniis, priseiis, 
primus, vHus, dntlquus, princeps, ultl- 
mus, vStustus, drcMtppus (Mart. vm. 
34. 1). 

ORISON — subst. = prayer, prices 3 
f. pi. (the abl. sing. prScif may be 
used) ; vota 2 pi. 

Ep. pious, repeated, suppliant, &c. 

ORNAMENT — subst., orndtus 4 ; 
orndmentum 2 (H.) ; dScus 3 n. ; hdndr 
3 m. ; insignS 3 n. ; gestdmin 3 n. 
Sometimes phalSrse 1 pi. (trappings). 

Ep. golden, precious, proud, royal, 
&c. 

ORNAMENT, to— v. act. = to adorn, 
drno 1 ; exorno 1 ; dSc6ro 1 ; c8lo 3. 

Phr., donis instruo 3 ; instgnio 4. 

ORNATE — adj., orndtus, dScdrdtus, 
epiendtdus, insignis. 

ORPHAN— subst., orbus 2 ; orha 1. 

ORPHAN — adj., orbiis, orbdtus. 

Phr., mdtrS or patrS or parentlbus 
car ens, orbus, orbdtus. 

ORT — subst. = relics, relltquim 1 pi. 

OSCILLATE, to — V. n. Perhaps 
fluctuo 1 ; sRstuo 1. 

OSIER— subst., salix 3 f ; vimSn 3 



n. ; sllSr 3 n. ; osier bed, salicetum 2 ; 
salictum 2 ; hibiscus 2 ( Verg. Eel. x. 71), 
is used for basket-making. 

Ep. pliant, grey, spring, &c. 

OSIER — adj., salignus, vlmtnSus. 

OSPREY— subst. See Eagle. 

OSTLER — subst., cdlo 3 m. (H.); 
agdso 3 m. (H., Juv.). 

OTHER— pron. 
(a) (of two only) dltir. 
(6) another, alius. 

Phr., non Inc. 

O THE RWHERE— adv., alibi. 

OTHERWISE— adv., allter, sSc&s. 

OTTER— subst.. Intra 1 (Pliny— not 
used in poetry). 

OUGHT— V. n., deb?d 2; dportet 2 
(impers.); dScSt 2 (impers.). Often 
render by Gerundive, e.g. fdma pS- 
tendd viro est = a man ought to seek 
glory. 

OUNCE— subst. 
(a) uncia 1. See also Ov. Med. Fac. 

60, 65, 86. 
(6) panther, pdntherd 1 ; pdrdUs 2 

(Juv.). 

Ep. spotted, swift, timorous, &c. 

OUR — poss. pro., nostSr. 

OURSELVES— pron., Ipsl pi. 

OUST, to — V. act. = to expel, pelld 
3 ; expello 3 ; fugo 1 ; abigo 3 ; depello 
3 ; ejlcio 3 ; trudo 3 ; evinco 3. 

OUT — adv., extrd, usually combined 
with the verb, e.g. to send out, emitto 
3 ; to come out, prodSo, irr. ; to hold 
out, porrigo 3; to give out = to pro- 
claim, idled 3 &c. 

Out = out of doors, fdrls ; after a 
verb of motion, fdrds. 

OUT — interj., abl. 

Phr., I prOcul, prScul Ss. 

OUT OF — prep., ex, i; sometimes de, 
ab, d. 

OUTBALANCE, to — v. act. See 
Outweigh, to. 

OUTBREAK, OUTBURST — subst., 
tumultus 4 ; sidltio 3 f. ; turbo, 1 ; 
motus 4. 

Ep. sudden, furious, new, &c. 

OUTBURST, to — V. neut., irumpo 3 ; 
ruo 3 ; prxclpito 1 ; ixSo, irr. ; igrSdidr 
3 ; prdpSro 1 ; festlno 1. 

OUTCAST— subst. 
(a) ixul 3 m. ; extorris 3 m. ; prdfiigus 

2. 



OUTCRY 



( 254 ) 



ouTwrr 



(6) Bometimes pauper 3 m. ; ?gens 3 m. ; 

Sgenus 2 ; mUSr 2 ; lrwp» 3 m. 

Ep. wandering, unhappy, poor, &c. 

OITTCEY— subst., elamdr 3 m. ; fre- 
mitus 4 ; murmur 3 n. ; vox 3 f . ; 
etrSpittts 4. [&c. 

Ep. confused, hoarse, loud, joyous, 

OUTDO, to — V. act = to excel, mpgrd 
1 ; exsupgro 1 ; vlnco 3 ; prEverto 3 ; 
prsestd 1 ; prxcurro 3 (H.). 

OTTTER— adj., extirldr, extlrus, ex- 
ternum. 

OUTEEMOST— adj., extremus. 

OUTFIT— subst. viatica 2 pi. (H.). 

OUTFLOW — subst. = mouth of a 
river. See Mouth (b). 

OUTHOUSE — subst. Use stdbiila 

2 pi. ; horrga 2 pi. ; granarla 2 pi. 
OUTLAST, to — V. act., supSro 1; 

exsupSro 1 ; vlnco 3, &c. ; with sevo, 
setdtS, dnnls, &c. 

OUTLAW — subst., l&tro 3 m. ; priedo 

3 m. ; exsul 3. 

Ep. roaming, woodland, violent, &c. 

OUTLAWED — adj., exgul, extorris, 
prd/ugm. 

OUTLET — subst., exltus 4; egressus 
4 ; 08 3 n. ; effuglum 2. Sometimes 
abitus 4 ; fuga 1 ; itSr 3 n. ; via 1. 

Ep. oi)en, easy, narrow, broad, &c. 

OUTLINE— subst. Perhaps formxi 
1 ; figura 1 ; Imago 3 f. ; species 5. 

Ep. clear, dim, uncertain, &c. 

OUTLIVE, to— V. act., supSro 1; 
gupersum, irr. 

Phr., superst^s sum. 

OUTMOST— adj., extremus. 

OUTNUMBEK, to— v. act., supffro 1 ; 
exsupi'ru 1 ; vlnco 3, &c., with niimird, 
abl. sing. 

OUTPACE, to— v. act., prxverto 3; 
prsBvertdr 3 ; prsecurro 3 (H.) ; prmtSrSo, 
irr. ; prsev?ni6 4 ; -praecedo 3. 

OUTPOST— subst., statio 3 f.; excu- 
bise 1 pi. 

Ep. nightly, wakeful, joyless, &c. 

OUTPOUE, to— V. act., fundo 3; 
effundo 3; defundo 3; invergo 3 (of 
pouring liquid from a vessel). 

OUTEAGE — subst., vis S {.; injuria 
1; opprdbrium 2; probrum 2; dedSc&s 
3n. 

Ep. unspeakable, violent, base, &c. 

OUTEAGE, to— V. act., viOlo 1. 

Phr., vim affSro, irr. 



OUTEAGEOUS— adj. 

(a) excessive, nimius, immdd^ratus, 

immOdieus. 
(6) heinous, q. v. 

OUTEIGHT— adv. = altogether, wn- 
nino^ pfnitus, funditus. 

OUTEUN, to — V. act., prEverto 3; 
prsecurro 3 (H.) ; prEterSo, irr. ; ante£o, 
irr. ; prseveriOr 3. 

Phr., cursu, pSdihus, &c. ; sUpiro 1 ; 
vlnco 3 ; exsupSro 1, &c. 

OUTSET— subst. = beginning, prin- 
cipium 2 ; drlgo 3 f. 

OUTSHINE, to— V. act., prEnit^o 2 ; 
prEradlo 1 ; prElucSo 2 (H.). 

Phr., rddlis, lUci, splendor?, &c. ; 
vlnco 3 ; supSro 1 ; exsupSro 1, &c. 
Perhaps MMto (to render dull by 
comparison). (Ov. Jm. ii., vi. 21). 

OUTSIDE— subst. Phr., pdrs 3 f. ; 
extSra, externa, extSriSr. Sometimes 
ext?ri6ra 3 pi. 

OUTSIDE — adv., extra. Sometimes 
fdrls (lit. out of doors), or fdrds after a 
verb of motion. 

OUTSKIETS — subst., of a town, 
perhaps vlclnid 1 ; rura 3 pi., suburb- 
ana. 

OUTSOAE, to — V. act. Use sup^ro 1 ; 
exsupfro 1 ; vlnco 3 ; with alls, penniSy 
cursu. vdlando, &c. 

OUTSPEEAD — adj., patuliis, extentus, 
explicitii'', pd^ms. 

OUTSTEETCHED — adj., extentiis, 
passu 8. 

OUTSTEIP, to — ^v. act. See Outrun, 

TO. 

OUTVIE, to — V. act., siipgro 1; ex- 
supSro 1 ; vinco 3 ; prEsto 1. Use alsoi 
prEnltSo 2 ; prElucio 2 ; prEverto 3 ; 
prEvertdr 3. 

OUTWAED — adj., extSridr, extemHSf 
ext?rus. 

OUTWAED — adv., (of a ship out- 
ward bound) use phrases, e.g. in nOva 
regno. 2 pi., or llttdra 3 pi; prdcul a 
patrid, &c. 

OUTWAEDLY— adv., extra. 

OUTWEIGH, to — V. act., prEgravo 1. 

Phr., pondSrS, moW, &c. ; vinco 3 ; 
sUpffro 1 ; exsUpSro 1, &c. Often 
mere ly = to excel, q. v. 

OUTWIT, to — ^v. act. = to cheat, 
fdllo 3 ; declpio 3 ; capio 3 ; ludd [3 ; 
deludo 3 ; eliidd 3 ; fraudo 1. 



OUTWORK 



( 255 ) 



OVERTHROW 



OUTWOKK— subst., turns 3 f. ; pro- 
pugnaculum 2 ; munimSn 3 n. ; hrdchia 
2 n. pi. 

OUTWORN — adj., confectus, gravis, 
oppressus, fessus, defessus. 

OUZEL— subbt. Use turdus2. 

OVATION — subst. Use plausus 4. 

OVEN— subst., /wrnus 2. 

Ep. glowing, hot, &c. 

OVER — prep., super, supra. Often 
pffr or trans when motion across is 
meant. 

OVER — adv. 
(a) over and above, supSr, insup^r, 

prsetSrSa. 
(6) over again, rursus, itgrum. 
(c) over against, ddversus, contra (both 

also prepositions). 

OVERARCHED— adj. Perhaps im- 
minens, impendens, sujierlmtnineng, su- 
perimpendens (Cat.). 

OVERAWE, to— V. act., obstupgfaclo 
3 ; percello 3. 

OVERBEARING— adj . 
(a) (of persons) superhus, lumens, insS- 

lens, superblens, impSriosus. 
(h) (of things) superhus, ntmius, immS- 

dicus, immSdercitus. 

OVERBOARD— adv. Phr., de ndv?, 
de trdnstrls, in sequSra, In undds. In 
mSrS, &c. 

OVERCAST— adj. = cloudy, q. v. 

OVERCOME, to- V. act., vlnco 3; 
devtnco 3 ; dehello 1 ; supSro 1 ; ddmo 
1 ; sterno 3 ; frdngo 3 ; subjicto 3 ; 
suhigoS; exsupSro \. 

OVERFLOW, to— V. neut., ahundo 1 ; 
exspdtlur 1 ; effunddr 3 ; stdgno 1 ; 
restdgno 1. 

V. act., inundo 1 ; obriio 3 ; 

proluo 3. (Cf., too, Ov. Fast. vi. 
401, 2). 

OVERFLOW — subst., dlluvtes 5 ; 
diluvium 2. Sometimes torrens 3 m. 

OVERFLOWING — adj., Idrgus H 
exunddns (Juv.), superjectus. 

OVERGROWN— adj. = covered, obst- 
ttis, tectus, ohductus, sutus, consltus, 
clrcumlUiis, densics. 

OVERHANG, to— v. act., immin^o 2 ; 
impendSo 2 ; supSrlmmlnSo 2 ; supSr- 
impendSo 2 (Cat.) ; incumho 3. 

OVERHEAD— adv. = aloft, supSr, su- 
perne, desuper, suprd, sublime, sursum 
(Mart.). Often express by imminSo 2, 



e.g. imminent^ lund, with the moon 
overhead. 

OVERHEAR, to — ^v. act., exaudio 4. 
Perhaps exclplo 3, subUgo 3 (Verg. Eel. 
ix. 21). 

OVERJOYED— adj. Perhaps 6vdns, 
Isetissimus. 

Phr., Imtitid, gaUdio, &c., plenus, ex- 
ultdns, dvdns, &c. 

OVERLEAP, to— V. act., trdnsiUo 4. 

Plir., sdltu supSro 1. 

OVERLOOK, to— V. act. 

(a) to inspect, inspicio 3 ; considSro 1 ; 
intueOr 2 ; desplcio 3 ; prosplclo 3 ; 
despecto 1 ; prospecto 1. 

(b) to neglect, negligo 3 ; dmlttd 3. 

(c) to forgive, ignosco 3 ; excuso 1 ; vS- 

nlam do 1. 

OVERMASTERED — adj. = con- 
quered. See Conquer, to. 

OVERMATCH, to — v. act., vlnco 3. 
See Conquer, to. 

OVERMUCH — adv., nimis, nimtum. 

Phr., 2)lus justo, plus n'lmio. 

OVERPASS, to— V. act., trdnsilio 4. 

OVERPOWER, to— V. act. = to con- 
quer, q. V. 

OVERRULE, to— V. act. See Alter,. 

TO. 

OVERRUN, to — V. act., percurro 3. 
Often use vdsto 1 ; devdsto 1 ; p8pul6r 
1 ; depopiildr 1 ; pSpulo 1 ; desolo 1. 

OVERSEE, to— V. act.= to overlook^ 
q. V. 

OVERSET, to — V. act., verto 3 ; ever- 
to 3 ; subverto 3. See Destroy, to. 

OVERSHADOW, to — v. act., umbro 
1 ; dbumbro 1 ; obscuro 1 ; Opdco 1. See 
also Darken, to. 

OVERSHOOT, to— V. act., supervdlo 1 
(of the dart). 

OVERSIGHT— subst. 
(a) superintendence, cura 1. 
(6) error (h), q. v. 

OVERSPREAD, to — v. act. = to 
cover, q. v. 

OVERSTEP, to— V. act.=to exceed,^ 
prsetSreo, irr. 

OVERTAKE, to— v. act., consSquik 3. 

OVERTAKEN — adj., (by a storm) 
prensus, deprensus. 

OVERTHROW, to— v. act. = to de- 
stroy, verto 3 ; everto 3 ; subverto 3. See- 
Destroy, to. 



OVERTHROW 



( 256 ) 



PAIL 



OVEETHEOW— subst., excldlum 2 ; 
riiina 1 ; cds&s 4 ; pemicies 5 ; clddes 3 f . ; 
exltlum 2 ; funUs 3 n. 

Ep. dire, destructive, irreparable, 
sudden, well-deserved, &c. [q. v. 

OVERTOP, to — V. act. = to excel, 

OVERTTIEN, to — v. act. = to over- 
throw, q . V. 

OVERWEENING — adj. = overbear- 
ing, q. V. 

OVERWHELM, to— v. act., opprtmo 
3 ; cdntundo 3 ; protSro 3 ; siibigo 3 ; 
dbr&6 3 ; supSro 1 ; pr^mo 3. Some- 
times debello 1. 

OWE, to — V. act., deMo 2. 

OWING TO — prep., p^r, propter, prse, 

OWL — subst., strffx 3 f. ; noctua 1 ; 
hubo 3 m. and f. ; tilula 1 (screech-owl). 

Phr., Palladis dlSs 3 f. ; vdlucrls 3 f., 
■avU 3 f., noctis or rwcturna. 

Ep. nightly, solitary, hooting (<quS- 
rQliis), &c. 

OWN — adj., prdprius, or possessive 
pronouns, mSus, tVus, siius, nostSr, vestSr. 

OWN, to — V. act. 
■(a) to possess, possid?o 2 ; Tuib^o 2. 

Phr., I own a small house, est mlhl 
pdrva ddmus. 
{b) to confess, fatSSr 2; confttSdr 2; 

prdfMdr 2. 

OWNER — subst., possessSr 3 m. ; dS- 
iminiis 2 ; Iterus 2. 

OWNERLESS — adj., vacuus (Ov. Am. 
II. xix. 45, &c.). 

OX — subst., bos 3 m. 

Ep. patient, sturdy, yoked, &c. 

OXEN — subst., bdves 3 pi. ; drmen- 
tum 2 ; pScus 3 n. 

OX-HIDE — adj. Use taurSiis, tauri- 
tniis. 

OYSTER — subs., ostrSum 2. 

OYSTER-BEAEING— adj., dstrlfSr. 



PACE— subst. 
"(a) gait, gradus 4 ; gressus 4 ; pes 3 m.; 

vestigia 2 pi. ; pdssus 4 ; incesms 4. 

Ep. slow, stately, uncertain. Sac. 
•Q)) speed, q. v. 

PACE, to — V. neut., incedo 3 ; spatiOr 
I ; procedo 3. 

Phr., tardlus or Untius So, irr. 



PACIFIC— adj. = peaceful, q. v. 

PACIFY, to — V. act. = to appease, 
pJdco 1 ; leivo 4 ; mitigo 1 ; mulcSo 2 ; 
ezoro 1 (by prayers) ; sedo 1 ; compesco 3. 

PACK— subst. 
(a) burden, Snus 3 n. ; pondus 3 n. ; 

sdrclna 1 ; fdscis 3 m. ; mantled 1. 

Ep. heavy, grievous, &c. 
(6) pack of hounds. Use canes 3 pi. • 

cdtidi 2 pi. ; or turbd I, grex 3 m., 

cdterva 1, cdnum. 

Phr., turbd 1 Didnta. 

Ep. noisy, docile, sagacious, &c. 

PACK, to — V. act. Use colligo 3. 

PACKED— adj. = full, q. v. 

PACKET— subst. 
(a) pack (a), q. v. 
(6) small parcel, fdsctculus 2 (H.). 

Often use munus 3 n. ; donum 2 ; 

?imtS}a 1, &c. 

PACK-HOESE — subst., jumentum 2 
(H). 

PACK-SADDLE— subst., ditillx 1 pi. 
(H.). 

PACT — subst., pdctum, 2 ; fcedus 3 n. 
Sometimes lex 3 f . ; conditio 3 f. 

PADDLE, to — V. neut. = to row 
slowly, subremigo 1. Use phrases, e.g. 
tdrde remlgdt, lentisfSrlt mqudra renus, 
&c. 

PADDLE — subst., tonsa 1 ; remits 2 ; 
pdhnuJd 1 ; pdlmd 1. 

PADDOCK— subst., se/jMf 2 pi. ; a^eZ- 
Zms 2. 

PAEAN — subst., 2;«an 3 m. Render 
by " song of war," " song of triumph," 
&c. 

Ep. triumphant, joyous, &c. 

PAGAN — adj. Use prSfdnus, per- 
haps bdrbariis, bdrbdrlcus. 

PAGE— subst. 

(a) of a book, pdgina 1. 

(b) youthful attendant, puSr 2. Some- 
times drmJg^r 2 ; nunttus 2. 

Ep. smart, loyal, active, &c. 

PAGEANT — subst., pompa 1 ; spec- 
tdeulum 2. 

Phr., spectdtum munus. See Ov. A. A. 
i. 170 ; cf. also 171, 172. 

Ep. stately, gorgeous, triumphant, 
&c. 

PAIL — subst., hdma 1 (Juv.). Usu- 
ally = milk-pail, mulctra 1 ; muldrum 
2 ; mulctrdlS 3 n. Cf. Verg. Georg. iii. 
177. 



PAIN 



( 257 ) 



PALM 



PAIN— Bubst. 
(a) bodily pain, ddlSr 3 m. ; angdr 3 m. ; 

crucldtus 4 ; tdrmentum 2. 

Ep. keen, incurable, grievous, &c. 
(6) grief, ddldr 3 m. ; luctus 4 ; mserffr 

3 m. ; ang{rr 3 m. ; tristitia 1 (no 

plural); mxstltia 1 (no plural); «- 

rumna 1. 

Ep. lasting, idle, bitter, &c. 

(c) toil, ?aWr 3 ra. ; cura 1 ; siid^r 
3 m.; opSra 1 ; £*jjms 3 n. 

Ep. continual, troublesome, tedious, 
&c. 

(d) to take pains, euro 1 ; nltdr 3 ; 
enitSr 3 ; laboro 1 ; SpSram do, irr. 
FAIN, to — V. act. = to afflict, solU- 

clto 1 ; vexo 1 ; torqu^o 2 ; crucio 1 ; 
furfco 1 ; urgSo 2 ; fatlgo 1 ; prSmo 3 ; 
opprimo 3 ; lacesso 3 ; a;i</o 3 ; exanlmu 
1. 

PAINFTTL — adj., gravis, tristis, 
(icerbiis, mSIestus, sollicUiis, dsper, 
mmfitus, lugfihrU, luctuosux, segSr. 

Phr., /iic^M or dSlorS plcniis, &c. 

PAINFULLY— adv., ^jrre, vlx, dpS- 
rose. 

PAINLESS — adj. Perhaps may be 
translated by words for j^eaceful, q. v. 

Phr., dSlorls expers, dSlorS cdrens, 

^ PAINSTAKING — adj. = laborious, 
q. V. 

PAINT, to— V. act. 
(a) to represent in painting, pingd 3 ; 

deplngo 3. 

Phr., dfloribus, tabulis, &c. ; imitdr 1 ; 
iiimulo 1. 
(6) to colour, pingd 3 ; cdloro 1 ; tingo 

3; Inficio 3. Often distinguo 3; 

vario 1 ; Orno 1 ; exorno 1 ; dScdro 1. 

PAINT— subst., cdldr 3 m. Often 
fucus 2 ; vEnenum 2 ; mSdlcdmSn 3 n. ; 
cerussa 1 (white lead). 

PAINTER— subst., plcmr 3 m. (H.). 
Sometimes render by means of 
painters, e.g. alter Apelles 3 m. ; a 
second Apelles ; Apellls or Pdrrliaslt 
xmulils 2 ; a rival of Apelles or Parr- 
liasius. 

Bp. skilful, learned, inspired, &c. 

PAINTING— subst. 
(a) the act of painting. Bender by 

the iniinitive ping^rg, pingendl, &c. 

Sometimes plctura 1 (H.). 



(6) a picture, tab&lS 1 ; tahelld 1 ; pio- 

turS. 1. Often imago 3 f. ; effigies 5 ; 

gimuldcrum 2 ; spScles 5. 

Ep. faithful, bright, &c. 

PAIK— subst. 
(a) pdr 3 n. 
(6) a pair of horses, htjilges 3 pi. ; 

bljugi 2 pi. Also used as adjectives, 

e.g. bljugi currus, a two-horsed 

car. 

PAIB, to — ^v. neut., jungSr 3 ; con- 
sdcidr 1. Also me jungo 3 ; me sdcio 1, 
&c. 

PALACE — subst., regia 1 ; aula 1 ; 
paldtium 2 ; Pdlldtlum 2 (Mart.). 
Often use dSmus 2 and 4 f . ; sedes 3 f . ; 
fecfa 2 pi. ; with eiiithets, e.g. regdlis, 
superbus, regius, &c. 

PALATE— subst., paldtum 2. 

PALATIAL — adj. = magnificent, 
q. V. 

PALE— adj. 

(a) of colour, pdllidus, pdllens, ex- 
sdnguis, livens, lutffus, luridus. 

(b) of light, pdllidus, pdllens, luridus. 
Often incertus, dubius. See Dim. 
PALE — subst. = paling, vdllus 2. 
PALE, to — V. neut. = to grow pale, 

palled 2 ; pdllesco 3 ; expdlleo 2 ; ex- 
pdllesco 3. Sometimes Idnguesco 3 ; 
deficio 3. 

PALENESS— subst., pdlldr 3 m. 

Ep. livid, sudden, deadly, &c. 

PALFREY — subst. See Horse. 

PALING — subst., vdllus 2 ; vallum 2. 

PALISADE— subst. 
(a) a stake, vdllus 2. 
(6) rampart, vallum 2. 

PALL — Bubst., pdlla 1 ; pallium 2. 

FALL, to — v. neut. = to become 
wearisome, use sdrdEo 2 ; displicSo 2. 

Phr., gravis, mdlestus, ingrdtus, fio, 
irr. 

PALLET — subst. = a poor man's 
bed, grabdtus 2 (Cat., Mart.). See Bed 
and Straw. 

PALLIATE, to — v. act. = to excuse, 
extenuo 1 ; mlnuo 3 ; ,excuso 1 ; diluo 3 ; 
defendd 3. Perhaps prsetexo 3 (Verg. 
JEn. iv. 172). 

PALLID — adj, = pale, q. v. 

PALLOR— subst., pdllur 3 m. 

PALM— subst. 
(a) the tree, pdlmd 1 ; a palm grove, 

pdlmetum 2 (H.). 



PALMEB 



( 258 ) 



PARCEL 



Ep. lofty, waving, or local epithet, 
e.g. Idumaean (Tdumxu$), &c. 
(t) victory, palma 1. Use also laurus 

2 f. ; laurSa 1 ; victoria 1 ; cdrond 1. 

Ep. well earned, sought for, trium- 
phant, &c. 
(c) of thehand,T>a/nMll. iSeeHAND(a). 

PALMEB — subst. = pilgrim, q. v. 

PALMY— adj. 
(«) bearing palms, pdlmlf^r. 
(b) flourishing, florent, vigens, vSlen$, 

prospifr, s?cuiidu8, hidtus, felix. 

PALPABLE — adj. = manifest, q. v. 

PALPITATE, to — V. neut. = to beat, 
galio i ; mico 1 ; trSmo 3 ; contrSmo 3. 

PALSIED — adj. Use impOtem, 
debiltg, debilitatus, trffni^undus, fractus. 

PALSY— subst. Perhaps debilltds 
3 f. (Juv., Mart.); trfnUSr 3 m. ; 
IdnmiSr 3 m. 

Ep. trembling, senile, feeble, &c. 

PALTBY— adj., vilU, UvU, sordldus, 
turplg, IndlgnQg. 

PAMPEB, to — v. act. = to glut, 
q. v. 

PAMPEBED — adj. Use prdtervUs, 
prcicdx. 

PAN— subst., pStlnd 1 (H.) ; pStella 
1 ; Idnx 3 f. 

PANACEA— subst., p&n&ced 1. 

PANE — subst., of glass. Use 
fineitra 1 ; vitrum 2. 

PANEL, to — V. act., IScuno 1. 

PANEL — subst. Use tdbUlS 1 (a 
plank). 

PANELLED— adj., laqugdtus (liter- 
ally used of the ceiling), IScundtus. 

PANG— subst., dngSr 3 m. ; ddldr 
3 m. ; crucldtus 4. Often etlmulu$ 2 ; 
viilnus 3 n. ; ictus 4 ; birth-pangs, 
nixus 4 pi. 

Ep. keen, bitter, &c. 

PANIC — subst., pav8r 3 m. See 
Fe.^r. 

Ep. sudden, nightly, idle, &c. 

PANIC — adj. Use giibltui, rSpinty 
r?pentinus, dubliig, incertm. 

PANIC-STBICKEN— adj. Use pd- 
vidug, tr?pldus, dmeiis, exterrltug, lym- 
phdtiis. 

Phr., parorS tctiig, vlotiis, n%otu$, dec. 

PANNIEB — subst., clitellie It pi. 
(H.). 

PANOPLY— subst. Use drmi 2 pi. 



PANSY— subst. Use vVSlS 1. 

PANT, to — ^v. neut., anhelo 1 ; pdl- 
plto 1. _ 

Phr., aurdg traho 3 ; duco 3 ; cdpto 
1 ; haurio 4. 

PANTHEB — subst., panthera 1 ; 
pdrdus 2 (H.). 

Ep. agile, forest, roaming, &c. 

PANTING— subst., anhelltus 4. 

Ep. quick, sickly, &c. Horace uses 
tublimis (Odes i. xv. 31). 

PANTING— adj., anhelus, anheldns. 

PAP — subst., papilla 1. 

PAPEB— subst., pdpyrUs 2 f. (Mart., 
Juv.); chdrtd 1. 

Ep. white, marked, &c. 

PAPYBT7S— subst., pdpyrUs 2 f. 

PAPYBUS-BEABING— adj., pdpyrl- 
fSr. 

PABABLE— subst. Use fSbUla 1; 
histdrld 1. 

PABADE— subst. 

(a) ostentation, pdrdtus 4 ; dppdrdtus 4 ; 
orna<u«4; cwZ<u8 4; luxus^; luxuries 
5; lUxurid 1. 

Ep. vain, proud, royal, &c. 

(b) procession, pompd 1. 
PABADI8E— subst. Use Elysium 2. 
Phr., Elpsii cdmpi 2 pi., &c. You 

might call it a Paradise, "Elysium 
dixSrls essS nSmus" or render by b?dta 
drvd 2 pi. ; b£dt« insHlx 1 pi., sides 
3 f. pi. ; quietx sides plorum, &c. 

PABAGON — subst., iximplum 2 ; ex- 
impl&r 3 n. (H.). 

PABALYSE, to— V. act. = to en- 
feeble, debillto 1 ; etiirvo 1 ; frdngo 3. 
Cf., too, Ov. Trist. i. iii. 11, 12. 

PABAMOUNT — adj., suprimus, sum- 
mis. 

PABAMOTJB— subst., dmdns 3 m.; 
drndtOr 3 m. ; ddultir 2. 

PABAPET— subst., pinnd 1. 

PABASITE— subst., parasifu* 2 (H.). 
Often scurrd 1 (H.). 

Ep. greedy, treacherous, fawning, 
&c. 

PABA8ITIC— subst., (of plants) use 
sSqudx (Persius). 

PABASOL— subst., umbilld 1 (Mart., 
Juv.) ; umbrdculd 2 pi. 

PABCEL— subst., /5«crciZZ«» 2 (H.). 

PABCEL, to— V. act., with "out " = 
to divide, q. v. 



( 259 ) 



PASS 



FABCH, to — V. act., sicca 1 ; cSquo 3 ; 
Uro 3 ; torrid 2 ; calf acid 3 ; aduro 3 ; 
hiulco 1 (Cat.) ; prxcipio 3 (Ov. Fast. 
iv. 940). Cf. Verg. Eel. iii. 98. 

PABCHING— adj., forrldus, and pre- 
sent participles of to parch, q. v. 

PAECHMENT — subst., chdrta 1 ; 
memhrdna 1 (Tib.). 

FABD — subst., pdnthera 1 ; pdrdus 2 
(H.). 

PABDON, to— V. act. 
(a) a person, Ignosco 3 ; pared 3 ; iiidul- 

g?d 2. 

Phr., vSniam do, irr. ; poenam rSmit- 
td3. 
(h) a fault, ignosco 3 ; excuso 1. 

PAEDON— subst., v^nra 1 ; jpax 3 f. 

Ep. undeserved, kindly, &c. 

PABDONABLE — adj., excmdhllls. 
Use also ISvis, pdrvus, exlguus, tSnuls. 

PABE, to— V. act., suhsSco 1. Per- 
haps tond?o 2. 

FABENT — subst., parens 3 m. and f. 
See Father and Mother. 

PABENTAGE— subst. = birth, q. v. 

PABENTAL— adj., par entails. Often 
use paternus, patrlus, mdternus. 

PABK — subst. No exact equivalent. 
Use sometimes horti 2 pi. ; silva 1 ; 
Mem 2 ; sdltUs 4 ; rus 3 n., &c. 

Ep. shady, grassy, wide, &c. 

PABLEY— subst., cdlldqutum 2 ; dllO- 
quium 2. 

Ep. brief, peaceful, &c. 

PABLEY, to— V. neut. Phr., AddirS 
tt reddSrS voces = to hear and answer 
words ; mutud dicta r?ferrS = to ex- 
change words. 

PABLOITB— subst., concldviSn. (H.). 

PABLOUS — adj. = perilous, q. v. 

PABOLE— subst., /rdes 5. 

PABOXYSM— subst. = fit, q. v. 

PABBICIDE— subst., pdrrlcida 1 m. 

PABBOT— subst.,jp8i«aci(s 2. Cf. Ov. 
Am. II. vi. 1. 

_ Ep. talkative, mimic, Indian (Jndiis, 
Indlcus), &c. 

. PABBY, to — v. act., defendo 3; 
arced 2 ; dverto 3. 

PABSIMONIOITS— adj. 
(a) frugal, q. v. 
(6) avaricious, q. v. 

PARSLEY— subst., apium 2. 

Ep. moist, green. &c. 



PABT — subst., pars 3 f. Sometimes 
= office, q. v. 

Phr., to take jiart in, intersum, irr. ; 
to take in good part, hSni cons&UrS 
(Ov. Trist. IV. i. 106). 

PABT, to — v. act. = to divide, (a) 
and (6), q. v. 

v. neut. 

(a) to divide, v. neut., q. v. 

(Jf) to part with = to abandon (fZ), q. v. 

PABTAKE, to — V. act. = to share. 

Phr., partem capio 3 ; pdrticeps sum. 

PABTAKEB — subst., pdrtteeps 3 m. 
and f. ; concurs 3 m. and f. ; sdctus 2. 

PABTEBBE— subst. See Gardex. 

PABTIAL — adj. = imjust, injdstus, 
tniquils. Sometimes amdns, csecus. 

PABTICLE — subst., pdrtlcula 1. 

PABTICOLOUBED— adj., verslcdldr, 
varlus. 

PABTING — subst., digressus'ii; dis- 
cessus 4; diecldium 2; of the hair, 
discrimSn 3 n. (Ov.). 

Ep. final, sorrowful, &c. 

PABTING — adj. Use ulttmus, no- 
visslmus, summus, supremus. 

PABTISAN — subst., fautdr 3 m. 
(Prop.) ; Jautrix 3 f . 

Ep. eager, loyal, false, &c. 

PABTLY — adv., pdrtim, pdrtS. 

Phr., aliqud pdrtS. 

PABTNEB — subst., consors 3 m. and 
f. ; sdcliis 2 ; pdrticeps 3 m. and f. 

Ep. loyal, beloved, &c. 

PABTBIDGE— subst., perdlx 3 f. 

Ep. brown, timid, &c. 

PABTY,— subst. 
(a) faction, partes 3 f. pi. Sometimes 

signM 2 pi. ; cdstrd 2 pi. 
(h) band (a), q. v. 

PASS, to — v. neut. 
(a) So, irr. See Go, to. 
(jb) to pass away, to disappear, vanesco 

3 ; evdnesco 3 ; discedo 3 ; fuglo 3 ; 

effugio 3. 

(c) to pass by, 1 = to forgive, q. v. ; 
2 = to go by, preett'rSd, irr. ; prxter- 
v^idr 3; prseterlahdr 3; trdnsio 4, 
irr. 

(d) to pass on (of time), ?d, irr. ; fiiglo 
3 ; prxtSr?o, irr. ; IdhSr 3 ; prxter- 
IdbSr 3 ; trdnsSo, irr. ; trddo 3. 

(e) to pass over, 1 = to forgive, q. v. ; 
2 = to cross (a), q. v. 

e 2 



PASS 



( 260 ) 



PATRON 



(/ ) to pass through, trdns?o, irr. ; trans- 
adigo 3. "Through" is usually 
rendered by prep., 2)gr, or trans. 

(jf) to come to pass = to happen, q. v. 
PASS — subst. = defile, sdltus 4 ; 

fauces 3 f. pi. 

Ep. narrow, steep, &c. 
PASSAGE — subst. 

(a) transit, transitus 4 ; ItSr 3 n. ; by 
sea, ndvTgdtio 3 f. Cf. dura ndvis 
mala (H.) ; passage monej', naidnm 
2 n. (Juv.). 

(6) a lane, dnglportus 4. 

(c) a corridor, portlcus 4 f. 

(d) in a book, Idciis 2. 

PASSING- — adv. = surpassingly, 
very. Kender by superlative, adding 
if necessary "before all others, &c." 
e.g. dnt^ alios "pulclierrlmus omnSs. Cf. 
Verg. Mn. vii. 55. Cf. Mi. i. 347, 
sc^SrS ants alios immdnidr omnes. 

PASSING-BELL— subst. No equiva- 
lent. Perhaps Ss 3 n. funebrS. 

PASSION — subst., in general df- 
fectus 4 {iinimi). 
(a) anger, q. v. 
(&) love, q. V. Sometimes /wr^ 3 m. 

PASSIONATE— adj. = angry, q. v. 

PAST — adj., prietMtus, exdctiis, con- 
fectus, elapsus, dctus. Sometimes vStus, 
priscus, pridr. 

PAST — subst., the past, acta 2 pi. ; 
dntedcta 2 pi. (trisyll. : e elided). 

Phr., tempdra Idpsa, dnni prmtSriti, 
prisci dies, qtiodcumquS retro est. Sec. 

PAST — prep., prletSr. 

PASTIME— subst., ludus 2 ; lusus 4. 
Use a\s,njScus 2; nugse 1 pi. 

Ep. boyish, innocent, idle, <tc. 

PASTORAL — adj., pd«tdrulis, pds- 
torliis, huc(jlicus, rusticus, dgrestis. 

PASTORAL— subst. Phr., pdstorum 
cdrmtna 3 pi. ; hucdllcl mSdl 2 pi. ; 
Sic?lidSs Musse 1 pi. ; carman 3 n., 
Syrdcdsiiim, &c. 

PASTRY — subst., crustum 2 ; crustu- 
hnn 2 (H.). 

PASTRY-COOK- subst., pistdr 3 m. 

PASTURE — subst., pdstus 4 ; pdscua 
2 pi. ; pabulum 2. Often use grass, 
fields, slopes, &c. 

Ep. abundant, fertile, familiar, &c. 

PAT, to — V. act., pdlpSr I (H.); 
plaudo 3. (Verg. Georg. iii. 186). Cf. 
Ov. Met. ii. 867 ; millc^fh 2. 



PATCH— fiubst., pdnnus 2; alutS 1 
(a patch on the face). 

PATCH, to— V. act., ddsHo 3 (H.). 
sdrcio 4. 

PATCHED— adj., (of buildings, &c.), 
rSdtvlvus (Cat.). 

PATE — subst. = head, caput 3 n. 

PATERNAL — adj., paternus, patrlus. 
Sometimes ai-ltiis (ancestral). 

PATH — subst., semita 1 ; cdllls 3 m. ; 
trdmSs 3 m. ; orhita 1 (wheel track). 
Often use via 1 ; ItSr 3 n. ; cursus 4. 

Ep. steep, easy, broad, narrow, stony, 
smooth, strange, familiar, &c. 

PATHETIC— adj., = sad, q.v. 

PATHLESS— adj., dvlus, devius, in- 
vlus, imperviiis, indccessus, sometimes 
inJiospitiis, inhospltdlis, desertiis. 

PATIENCE— subst.,2)af(eH<(-a 1 ; con- 
stdntia 1. 

Phr., pattens animus 2, mens 3 f., 
&c. 

Ep. firm, lasting, &c. 

PATIENT — adj., pattens, constdns. 
Often mitis, lenls, placidus, quietus, 
trdnquillus, expSriens (with gen.), 
lahorifSr. 

PATIENT— subst. = sick man, mgSr 
2 ; xgrotus 2 (H.). 

PATIENTLY— adv., patientSr (comp. 
patlentiiis), fortitffr, constdntfr, pldclde. 

Phr., placido or?, placidd mentS, 
fortl pectSrS, &c. 

PATRIARCH — subst., stfnex 3 m. ; 
patffr 3 m. 

Ep. august, venerable, &c. 

PATRIARCHAL— adj. = old, q. v. 

PATRICIAN— adj. = noble, q. v. 

PATRIMONY — subst., patrimdntum 

2 (H.) ; ce7isa.<i 4 ; opes 3 f . pi. ; dlvitlas 
1 pi. ; Una 2 pi. 

PATRIOT— subst^ Phr., clvls 3 m., 
amdns patriJv, patrlse studiosus, &c. 

PATRIOTIC— adj. No equivalent. 
Perhaps j^iu'', clvili>>, jjopfildris. Often 
= honourable, hdnestiis, ing?nuus, &c. 

PATRIOTISM — subst. Phr., amSr 

3 m., imtriE ; studium 2, patrlx ; often 
piStds 3 f . 

PATROL — subst. Use excuhlx 1 pi. 
PATROL, to — v. n. Use vigilo 1. 
PATRON — subst., ^^afronws 2; tutela 
1 ; ciistds 3 m. 
Ep. haughty, friendly, wealthy, &c. 



PATRONAGE 



( 261 ) 



PEDANT 



FATB0NA6E — subst., patrocinlum 
2; tuteld 1 ; presidium 2. 

PATRONESS — subst., patrond 1 
(Mart.). 

PATTER, to — V. neut., crSpXto 1; 
salio 4 ; sOtio 1 ; rSsdno 1. 

PATTERN— subst., exemplum 2 ; ex- 
emplar 3 n. (H.). 

PAUNCH— subst., dmdsum 2 (H.) ; 
venter 3 m. 

PAUSE — subst., mdra 1 ; spatium 2. 
Sometimes rSqules 3 f. 

PAUSE, to — V. neut., mdrSr 1 ; cesso 
1 ; rSmSrSr 1 ; cunctSr 1 ; hxrSo 2 ; 
subslsto 3. 

PAVE, to — V. act., sterno 3. 

PAVEMENT— subst., pdvlmentum 2. 
Often indrmdr 3 n. ; Idpilll 2 pi. (H.). 

Phr., sfraia 2 pi., vtdrum = the 
paved roads. 

Ep. polished, diverse-liued (vdrius), 
&c. 

PAVILION— subst. 
(a) tent, tentorium 2 ; prsetortum 2 

(Juv.). 
(6) palace, q. v. 

PAW — subst., pes 3 m. 

PAW, to — ^v. act. (of a horse) pulso 
1 ; qudtio 3. 

PAY, to — V. act. 
(a) sdlvo 3; persolvo 3; exsolvo 3 

(Tib.) ; pendo 3 ; rSpendo 3. 

Phr., I pay a penalty, poinam, or 
suppllcium do, in:, pendo 3 ; I pay the 
penalty of my faults, dellctd, culpds, 
commlssd, &c., luo 3. 
(6) to reward. 

Plir., prStlum 2, prsemid 2 pi. ; reddo 
3, sdZfo 3, persolvo 3. 

PAY — subst. = wages, merces 3 f . ; 
prStlum 2. Sometimes munus 3 n. ; 
prStlum 2. 

Ep. abundant, scanty, well-earned, 
&c. 

PEA— subst., cicg'r 3 n. (H., Mart.) ; 
plsum 2, Pliny (no i^oetical authority.) 

PEACE— subst. 
(a) pax 3 f . ; concordld 1 ; fcedUs 3 n. ; 

dmlcitid 1. 

Ep. brief, lasting, firm, &c. 
Q}) repose, pax 3 f. ; qules 3 f . ; rS- 
quies 3 f. ; otlum 2. 

Ep. silent, sacred, well-earned, &c. 

Phr., to hold one's peace = to be 
eilent, q. v. 



PEACEABLE, PEACEFUL— adj. = 

silent, pldctdus, trdnqulUus, quietus, 
lenis, mitls, clemens, pldcdtus, pdcdtus, 
serenus, pdcdlls, pdclfSr. Of a life, 
sometimes Inoffensus or fallens (lit., 
unmarked). 

PEACEFULLY— adv., pldcide, lent- 
tSr, lenS, pdcS. 

Phr., cum pdcS. 

PEACEMAKER— subst., mSdlus 2; 
pdcificus 2 (Cic.) No poetical authority. 

PEACE-OFFERING— subst., pldmSn 
3 n. ; pidculum 2. 

PEACH— subst. Persicum, (Mart.). 

Phr., Fersicum malum 2. 

PEACOCK— subst., pdvo 3 m. 

Phr., dvis Junonid. 

Ep. proud, of diverse hues {versl- 
cdldr) painted, &c. 

PEAK — subst., apex 3 m. ; vertex 3 
m. ; fdstigtum 2 ; cdput 3 n. ; cdcumSn 
3 n. ; of a helmet, coniis 2 ; cornu 4 
(Verg. JEn. xii. 89). 

Ep. high, topmost, &c. 

PEAL— subst., concentus 4. 

PEALING — adj., sondns, rSsdndns. 

PEAR — subst., pirum 2 ; a pear tree, 
pirus 2 f. 

PEARL — subst., hdccd 1 ; gemma 1 ; 
pearl-bearing, qemmlfSr (Prop.). 

Ep. lucid, precious, Eastern, &c. 

PEARLED, PEARLY — adj., hdccd- 
tus. 

Phr., hdccis nttens, micdns, insignli<y 
&c. The pearly dew = ros gemm^us. 

PEASANT — subst., rustlcus 2 ; dgres- 
tis 3 m. ; cdlonus 2 (fern, form, cSlond 1) ; 
bubulcus 2; agricSld 1 m. ' Sometimes 
pdstdr 3 m. ; upillo 3 m. (shepherd). 

Ep. sturdy, slow, honest, &c. 

PEASANT — adj., rustlcus, agrestls. 

PEASANTRY— subst. 

Phr., rustled or agrestls turhd, and 
plurals of peasant, q. v. 

PEAT— subst., ceespes, 3 m. 

PEBBLE — subst., Idpillus 2; IdpU 
3 m. ; calculus 2. 

Ep. smooth, polished, &c. 

PEBBLY— adj., Idpldosiis. 

PECCANT— adj. = guilty, q. v. 

PECK, to — v. act. Phr., rostra 
tento 1 ; uggrSdldr 3 ; pSto 3, &c. 

PECULIAR — adj., prdprlus. 

PEDANT— subst. Use mdgistSr 2; 
doctor 3 m. ; prxceptOr 3 m. Perhaps 



PEDESTAL 



( 262 ) 



PEOPLE 



grammStfc&s 2 ; Orbilms (H. Epist n. 
1. 71). 

PEDESTAL— subst., hMs 3 f. 

PEDIGREE— subst. = line (f.), q. v. 

PEDLAR— subst., instrtdr 3 m. 

PEEL, tp — V. act. Use nudo 1; 
exuo 3 ; derlpio 3 ; detraho 3. 

PEEL — subst. = rind, q. v. 

PEEP, to— V. neut. 
(a) to look at furtively. 

Phr., limls dspicTo 3 (i.e. Hculis'). 
(h) of the stars, mtco 1. 

PEER — subst., par 3 m. ; xqudlts 
3 m. and f. (usually " equal in age "). 
Sometimes sdcius 2 ; rivdlis 3 m. ; 
ci^niSs 3 m. ; sOddlis 3 m. 

PEERLESS — adj., unlcus, ei'imtus, 
preestdns, egrSgXus. 

PEEVISH — adj., pStUlans, quirulus, 
morostls, gravis. 

PEEWIT— subst., /ringriZ/a 1 (Mart.). 

PEG — subst. Use cldvus 2. 

PELF — subst., lucrum 2 ; pSculium 
2. 

PELLET— subst., gldns 3 f. 

PELLUCID — adj., vUrSm, luctdus, 
illimis, peUucens, pellucidug. 
•Phr., splendtdtdr vitro. 

PELT, to— V. act., pgto 3 ; dggrSdidr 
3 ; lacesso 3. 

V. neut. (of rain, hail, &c.) 

effunddr 3 ; crSpito 1 ; desfllo 4. 

PEN, to — ^v. act., daudo 3 ; concludo 
3 ; cogo 3 ; includo 3. 

PEN, to — V. act. = to write, q. v. 

PEN— subst. 
(a) enclosure, septa 2 pi. Often sta- 

bulum 2 ; prsesepS 3 n. ; OvllS 3 n. ; 

cmdse 1 pi. 

Ep. safe, crowded, warm, &c. 
(fc) (for writing), stilus 2 ; graphium 

2 ; calamus 2 (Juv.) ; arundo 3 f . 

(Mart.) ; ferrum 2 (Ov. Met. ix. 521, 

2). 

Ep. familiar, swift, stained, &c. 
(c) wing, dla 1 ; penna 1. 

PENAL — adj. Use vindex, ultSr, 
idtrix. 

PENALTY, PENANCE — subst., 
psena 1 ; supplicium 2. Often merces 
3 f., prsemlum 2. See Asiends. 

Ep. just, unjust, excessive, light, 
&c. 

PENCE— subst. Use sera 3 n. pi. ; 
asses 3 m. pi. ; stlps 3 f. 



PENCIL — subst. Use graphium 2. 

PENCILLED — adj., dlsilnctus, variiis. 

PENDANT, PENDULOUS — adj., 
penduliis, pendens, pensllls (H.), de- 
pend ens. 

PENETRABLE — adj., p^netrdbttts, 
fdrdhilis, pervTus. 

PENETRATE, to— v. act., pgngtro 1 ; 
irdnsadigo 3 ; subdo, irr. ; ad^o, irr. 
See Pierce, to. 

V. neut., descendo 3 ; pervfnio 

4. 

PENITENCE — subst. Use difldr 
3ra. 

Ep. true, feigned, brief, lasting, &c. 

PENITENT — adj. Use tristls^ I 
am penitent for my fault = culpae me 
pxnUH. 

PEN-KNIFE — subst., cultellus 2 
(H.). 

PENNANT — subst., vexlllum 2; 
sigmtm 2. 

PENNILESS — adj., pauper, inops, 
Sgens, ?genus. 

PENNON — subst., vexlUum 2; 
slgnum 2. 

Ep. floating, trembling, martial, &c. 

PENNY— subst., ms 3 u.; as 3 m.; 
slips 3 f . 

PENSILE — adj. = pendant, q. v. 

PENSION— subst. Perhaps spOrtula 
1 (Juv.). 

PENSIVE — adj. Perhaps tScttus, 
quietus, trlstls. 

Phr., tacltus mecum IpsS rSluto, &c. 

PENT — part., cddctus, cldusils, con- 
clusSs, incJmiis, vinctus, cdercitus, con- 
strtctiis (Tibullus), pressus. 

PENURIOUS — adj. = avaricious, 
q. V. 

PENURY — subst., paupertds 3 f . ; 
Sgestds 3 f. ; penurla 1 ; paiipSrles 5 ; 
(Paupertds does not = inSpla). 

Ep. honest, undeserved, sudden, &c. 

PEOPLE — subst. 
(a) nation, populus 2 ; gens 3 f. ; giniis 

3 n. Perhaps clvltds 3 f. ; dives 

3 pi. 

Ep. warlike, peaceful, barbarous, 
gentle, &c. 
(6) = common people, vulgus 2 n. ; 

plehs 3 f. ; pGpellus 2 (H.) ; plebe- 

ciila 1 (H.); turbd 1. 

Ep. unlearned, crowded, faithless, 
&c. 



PEOPLE 



( 263 ) 



PERISH 



PEOPLE, to — V. act. = to fill, 
rSplSo 2 ; impUo 2 ; compl^o 2. 

PEOPLED — adj., frSquens, habttdtHs, 
cUtus, c^l^bratHs. 

PEPPER— subst., ptpgr 3 n. (H.). 

Ep. white, pungent, Eastern, &c. 

PEECEIVE, to— V. act. 
(a) to see, q. v. 
(6) to understand, perctpto 3; in- 

tellTgo 3 ; scio 4 ; sentio 4 ; disco 3 ; 

cognotco 3 ; novl, defect. ; nosco 3 ; 

resetted 3 ; compMo 4. 
(c) to perceive beforehand, prEsdsco 

3 ; prmllsco 3. 

PEKCH— subst. 
(a) the fish, perca 1. Perhaps anthtas 

m. (Ov. Hal. 45). 
(6) the measure, periled 1. 
(c) for birds. Perhaps sSdilS 3. Often 

ramus 2. [do 3. 

PEBCH, to — V. neut., sido 3 ; consi- 

PERCHANCE — conj. = perhaps for- 
sltan, forsan, fortdssls ; also fors ; usu- 
ally in phrase, fors SI, and (after si, 
nisi, ne) forts. 

PERCHANCE— adv. = accidentally. 

PERCOLATE, to — v. neut., percoldr 
1 (Lucret.). 

PERDITION — subst., ruina 1; ext- 
ttum 2 ; eludes 3 f . ; pernicies 5 ; casus 
4 ; excidlum 2 ; funus 3 n. 

Ep. dire, impending, certain, &c. 

PEREMPTORY — adj., impSrlosus, su- 
perhus. 

PERENNIAL — adj., seternUs, pgren- 
nis, perpetuus, mdnsurus, immdrtdlls. 

Phr., sine fine, nullo or dempto finS, 
finS cdrens, mortS earens ; to be peren- 
nial, perenno 1 ; a perennial spring, ju- 
gls uquse fons 3 m. (11.). 

PERFECT — adj. 
(a) completed, perfeetus, eonfectus, ez- 

dctiis. 
(h) faultless, q. v. 

PERFECT, to— V. act. 
(a) to finish, conftcio 3 ; perfielo 3 ; 

pSrago 3 ; terinlno 1 ; finio 4 ; con- 

cludo 3 ; exigo 3 ; expleo 2. 
(h) to instruct fully, eriidld 4 ; eddeeo 

2 ; perfmo 3. 

PERFECTION— subst. See Ideal. 

Phr., the perfection of valour, virtus 
3 f. ; summu. 

PERFECTLY— adv., omnlno, pgnitus, 
fundltus. 



PERFIDIOUS— adj., perfidua, perji- 
rus, infldus, Inftdelts, fdlldx, fdlsua, dS- 
losUs, dmhiguus. 

Phr., male or p&rum fldus. 

PERFIDY— subst., perfidm 1 : fraua 
3 f . ; menddcium 2 ; perjurlum 2 ; fdl- 
Idcla 1 ; dolus 2. 

Ep. base, secret, spiteful, &c. 

PERFORATE, to— v. act. = to pierce, 
q. V. 

PERFORCE — adv., vl, vridentgr. 
Phrase, per vim. 

PERFORM, to— V. act. = to do, Sgo 
3 ; facto 3 ; effielo 3 ; perfielo 3 ; ex- 
sSqudr 3 ; fungSr 3 ; pSrago 3 ; prsesto 1 ; 
decurro 3 (Verg. Georg. ii. 39). 

PERFUME- subst. 
(a) fragrance, 6d8r 3 m. Sometimes 

hdlltus 4; aura 1. 

Ep. sweet, familiar, strange, &c. 
(&) in plural, perfumes, Odores 3 m. pi. ; 

ungmnta 2 pi. ; ndrdus 2 f. ; amo- 

mum 2 ; mdldbathrum 2 ; bSlaniis 2 f . 

Phr., ros Arabus. 

Ep. rich, fragrant. Eastern, Syrian 
(Syrlus, Aesprliis), &c. 

PERFUME, to— V. act., ddoro 1 ; va- 
poro 1. 

Phr., ddorS rSplSo 2 ; imbuo 3 ; spdr- 
go 3, &c. 

PERFUMED— adj., ddordtus, 6dorus, 
SdorlfSr, frdgrdns, rMdlens, hdldns, 
Slens, dmbrd.nus. 

PERHAPS — adv., forsan, forsttan, 
fortdssls, cdsum. Sometimes fors 
(usually in phrase fors St), and (after 
si, nisi, ne) forts. 

PERI — subst. See Fairy. 

PERIL — subst., pSrleulum 2 ; pSrl- 

clum 2 ; discrlmSn 3 n. ; dublum 2. 

Phr., dubla or dnceps fortund 1, or 
SOTS 3 f. ; res 5 pi. trSpldie. 

Ep. sudden, unforeseen, blind, im- 
minent, &c. 

PERILOUS — adj., pSrlculoa&a, dnceps, 
dubius, gravis, Infestus. 

Phr., male tutus. 

PERIOD — subst. Use spatlum 2 ; 
ssecUlum 2 ; sseclum 2. 

Ep. long, gliding, perishing, &c. 

PERISH, to — v. neut. 
(a) of persons, pSrSo, irr. ; intSrSo, irr. ; 

depSrSo, irr. ; cado 3 ; oceldo 3 ; oc- 

cuwibo 3; tntercido 3; oppSto 3; 



PERISHABLE 



( 264 ) PEST, PESTILENCE 



inSriHr 3 ; occSbo 1 ; cisedSr 3 ; occiddr 

3 ; sterndr 3 ; pSrim&r 3 ; conficldr 3. 

Phr., fatum patidr 3 ; vitam pond 3 ; 

VfiortS jacSo 2. 
(h) of things, pMo, irr. ; intlr^o, irr. ; 

catZo 3 ; excldo 3 ; oMlSdr 2 ; exstlng- 

tv&r 3 ; aft^o, irr. ; intercldo 3 ; vdnesco 

3. 

PERISHABLE— adj., caducus, hrSvXs, 
fragUU, pPr'iiurm. 

FEBJUBE, to — ^v. act. (with ace. 
" oneself ") perjuro 1 ; peJSro 1 ; men- 
tiOr 4. 

Phr., /rdem fdll^r?, frdngSr?, vlSlar?. 

FEBJURED — adj., perjurus, perfi- 
dus. Sometimes perjurdtus, fraudfi- 
lentus, pejSrdtus. See Faithless = per- 
fidious. 

FEEJTJRY — Buhst., perjurlum 2 
(generally in plural). 

Phr., lEsa fides 5. See Perfidt. 

Ep. base, false, hidden, &c. 

FERMISSION — subst., vSnla 1 ; copia 
1 ; facultds 3 f. To give permission. 
See Permit, to. 

FESMIT, to — V. act. = to allow, 
elno 3; pdtidr 3; permitto 3; concedo 
3 ; do, irr. 

Phr., it is permitted, llcSt ; fas est. 

FEBNICIOUS — adj. = destructive, 
pernlciosus, exUidsiis (Mart.), funestiis, 
noxlu8, ntkens, ddmnos&s, gravis, tristls, 
mSlestus. 

FEEFETRATE, to — v. act. = to 
commit (6), q. v. 

FERFETTIAL— adj., pSrennXs, xter- 
nus, perpetuus, mdnsiirus, immortdlls. 

Phr., sinS fin^, nuUo or dempto finS, 
inortS carens; to be perpetual, pSren- 
no 1. 

Phr., perpetual winter, luSmi con- 
tlniidiur litems (Ov.). 

PERPETUALLY — adv., perpituo, 
usquf, setemum, sempSr. 

Phr., nunqudm non, slnS finS, nullo 
or dempto fine, &c. 

PERPETUATE, to — v. act., seterno 1. 

PERPLEX, to— V. act., turbo 1 ; vexo 
1 ; solllcito 1. Perhaps torquSo 2 ; 
crUcw 1 ; drg^o 2. 

PERPLEXING— adj., dmhtguus, dU- 
hiSs, dnceps. 

PERPLEXITY — subst. = anxiety, 
ciira 1; dnxiStds 3 f. ; solllcltudo 
3 f . 



PERSECUTE, to — ^v. act., torquio 2 ; 
turbo 1 ; eruclo 1 ; urgSo 2 ; solllcito 1 ; 
vexo 1 ; fdtigo 1 ; prSmo 3 ; dpprimo 3 ; 
Idcesso 3 ; dngo 3 ; ins?qu6r 3 ; Ixdo 3 ; 
nSc?6 2 ; gravo 1 ; cxercko 2. 

PERSEVERANCE — subst., cdnstdn- 
tla 1. 

PERSEVERE, to — v. neut., persto 1 ; 
perfSro, irr.; ohduro 1. Sometimes 2>cr- 
go3. 

PERSEVERING— adj., consfajw, d$si- 
dius, flrmiis, pertindx, tindx. 

PERSIST, to — V. neut., persto 1 ; 6b- 
duro 1 ; perJSrd, irr. 

PERSISTENCE— subet., canstdntla 1. 

PERSISTENT— adj., dsslduus, im- 
prtSbus. See AssiDuors. 

PERSISTENTLY — adv., dssldiie. 
Often translate by adjective. 

PERSON— subet. Use corpus 3 n. ; 
caput 3 n. 

Phr., no person, nemo; a person, 
quldam. 

PERSONATE, to — v. act., simulo 1. 

PERSPIRE, to — v. neut., sudo 1. 

PERSUADE, to — V. act., siidd^o 2; 
persuaded 2 ; rndvio 2 ; hortffr 1 ; mdnSo 
2 ; impello 3. 

PERSUASION — subst. Perhaps 
Suddela 1 (H.); lit. goddess of per- 
suasion. 

Ph., use t-erba bldnda. 

PERSUASIVE— adj., bldndus, flexS- 
nimus (Cat.). 

Phr., constllis habitus non futllis 
aucldr (Verg.). 

PERT — adj., prScdx, pr5iervus. 

PERTAIN, to— V. neut. = to belong, 
q. V. 

PERTINACIOUS — adj., pertinax, 
tSndx, im))rdbus. 

PERTINACITY— subst. = obstinacy, 
q. V. 

PERTLY— adv., pr5terve, «tc. 

PERTNESS— subst., prdtervltds 3 f. 

PERTURBED — adj., iurbdtm, con- 
fusus. 

PERUSE, to — V. act. = to read, q. v. 

PERVADE, to— V. act. Use ^o, irr. 
(with p<^r), or mlscSSr 2. 

PERVERSE— adj., ImprSbus, prdvut, 
perverstis, obstindtus. 

PEST, PESTILENCE— subst., jyesttg 
3 f. ; morbus 2 ; lues 3 f. ; contdgia 2 pi. 



PESTILENT, PESTILENTIAL ( 265 ) 



PIECEMEAL 



e.g. 



To 



Often tabes 3 f. ; eludes 3 f. ; pemicies 5 ; 
malum 2 ; damnum 2 ; exUlum 2. 

Ep. dire, deadly, dark, fiery, bitter, 
cruel, slow, creeping, &c. 

PESTILENT, PESTILENTIAL— adj. 
((t) in literal sense, pestifSr, pestilens, 

gravis, funesius. 
(h) destructive, q. v. 

PET — subst. = darling, q. v. ; deli- 
clx 1 pi. 

PET — adj., hldndiis. Often ex- 
pressed by use of diminutives, 
catella 1 f., a pet dog. 

PET, to— V. act., hldmlidr 4. 

PETAL— subst., cdma 1. 

PETITION — subst. = prayer, 
make a petition = to pray, q. v. 

PETEEL — subst., mergus 2. 

PETRIFY, to— V. act. 
(a) induro 1. 

V. neut. 

(h) rigesco 3 ; duresco 3 ; induresco 3 ; 

congSlo 1. Cf. sdxificse MSdusE, Ov. ; 

See Ov. Met. vi. 301, &c. for Niobe. 

PETTED— adj., prdtervus, pgtuldns. 

PETTY — adj., parvus, exiguus, hrSvTs, 
ISois. 

PETULANCE— subst., pgtrddntXa 1; 
prater vitas 3 f. 

PETULANT — adj., pStulans, prd- 
tervus, prScdx, imprdbus. 

PHALANX — subst., phaldnx 3 f . ; 
dcies 5. See Army. 

Ep. glittering, armed, martial, &c. 

PHANTOM — subst., simulacrum 2 ; 
visum 2 ; umbra. 1 ; imdgo 3 f. ; flgura 
1. Often Mdnes 3 m. pi.; Immures 
3 m. pi. 

Ep. nightly, ghostly, Stygian 
(_Stpgius), Tartarean {Tdrtarifus'), &c. 

PHANTOM — adj., indnls, vunus, 
flctus, fdUus 1. 

PHASE — subst., (of the moon) vices 
3 f . pi. ; in metaphorical sense mSdl 
2 pi. (Cf. Hor. Od. ii. i., 2.) 

PHEASANT— subst. Phr., Phdsldls 
dies 3 f. ; avis 3 f., &c. 

PHIAL — subst. Use phiala 1 ; lit. 
a shallow cup (Juv., Mart.). 

PHILOMEL — subst., plilWmela 1. 
See Nightingale. 

PHILOSOPHER— subst., sapiens 3 m. 

Ep. learned, divine, &c. 

PHILOSOPHY— subst., saplentla 1'. 
prudentld 1 ; sdphla 1 (Mart.) 



PHILTRE— subst., pMltr& 2 pi. See 
Charm (a). 

PHffiNIX — subst., phcenlx 3 m. 

PHYSIC— subst. See Medicine. 

PHYSICIAN — subst., medlcus 2 ; 
mSdens 3. Use also the names of 
great mythical physicians, e.g. Chiron 
3; Meldmpus 2; perhaps PliceblgSna 
1 m. (son of Phoebus = .^sculapius). 

Phr., Apollln?d qui iSvat drtS malum. 
(Ov. Trist. III. iii. 10.) 

Ep. skilful, learned, kindly, &c. 

PIAZZA — subst., porticus 4 f. ; ctf- 
lumnx 1 pi. 

PIBROCH— subst. Use mSdi 2 pi. ; 
niimSrl 2 pi. ■ cdrmlna 3 pi. ; with epi- 
thets, e.g. Mirtlus, belllcus, mlndx. 

PICK, to— V. act. 
(o) to pluck or gather, cdrpo 3 ; ISgo 3 ; 

s?cd 1 ; svbsSco 1. 
Q}) to choose, l^go 3 ; ellgo 3 ; deltgo 3 ; 

opto 1. 
(c) to pick up, tollo, irr. ; colligo 3 ; c&- 

plo 3 ; sumo 3. 

PICKET— subst., statlo 3 f. ,• exeiiblm 
1 pi. ; vtglles 3 m. pi. 

PICNIC— subst. See Feast (b). 

PICTURE— subst., tabula 1; tabeOd 
1 ; pictura 1. Often imdgo 3 f. ; effi- 
gies 5 ; slmulderum 2 ; spScies 5. 

Ep. truthful, lifelike, &c. 

PICTURE, to— V. act., fingo 3 ; «r- 
miilo 1. 

PICTURESQUE- adj., amaenus. 

PIE — subst. = magpie, pica. 1. 

PIE — subst. Use crustum 2 ; cruetu- 
lum 2 (H.). 

PIEBALB — adj., blcdlffi; varliis, ver- 
slcdldr, (cf. maculis insignia St dlbo. 
Verg.). 

PIECE— subst. 

(a) pars 3 f . 

(b) a piece broken off, frdgmSn 3 n. ; 
frdgmentum 2. 

(c) a piece of meat, bread, &c. ; frus- 
tum 2. 

(d) a piece of money, nilmmus 2. 

(e) a patch, pdnnus 2. 
(/) pieces. 

Phr., to tear in pieces and similar 
phrases, usually render by di or dls 
compounded with the verb, e.g. dilanld 
1 ; divellu 3 ; disjlclo 3, &c. 

PIECEMEAL— adv., mlnutdtim. Cf. 



PIED 



( 266 ) 



PINDARIC 



"Verg. Georg. iii. 485. Sometimes _paw?- 
Idtim. 

PIED — adj. = particoloured, vSrliis, 
verslcdldr, bicdldr, maculosUs, virgdtus. 

PIEE— subst. 
(a) BTipport, /ulclmfn 3 n. ; firmamSn 

3 n. ; cdlumSn 3 n. ; cdlmnna 1. 
(6) breakwater, moles 3 f . ; pild 1 ; ag- 

gSr 3 m. 

Ep. stone, solid, unshaken, &c. 

PIEBCE, to— V. act. 
(a) pSn^tro 1 ; suMo, irr. ; fddio 3 ; con- 

fddlo 3 ; t?rebro 1 ; perfiku 1 ; aplrlo 

4 ; rSdudo 3 ; caro 1 ; trdjXclo 3 ; /fjro 

3; trdnsfigo 3; percHtio 3; /frrj 4; 

trdnsadlgo 3 ; vuln?ro 1 ; Z«(/o 3 ; 

rumpo 3; cmflgo 3; pSrugo 3 (Ov. 

Her. iv. 119). 
(6) to affect, in figurative sense, as grief 

pierces the heart, &c., trdnsfigo 3 ; 

Ixdo 3 ; CTucio 1 ; djigo 3 ; torqu^o 2. 

PIEECING— adj. 
(o) of cold, pffn^trdbilis, acitus, dcSr. 
(6) of grief, &c., gravis, vidlentus, acu- 

tUs, dcSr, acerbus, mdlestiis. 
(c) of sound, acutus, cldrus, drgutus, 

aeSr. 

PIETY — subst., pietds 3 f . ; reltgio 
3f. 

Ep. sincere, pure, humble, &c. 

PIG — subst., porous 2 ; pdrcii 1 f . ; 
SU8 3 m. and f. 

Ep. fat, filthy, lazy, &c. 

PIGEON — subst., cdlumbd 1 ; pulum- 
bes 3 f. ; turtur 3 m. 

Ep. tender, timid, woodland, win- 
some, &c, 

PIGEON — adj., clilumhinus (H.). 

PIGMY — subst., ndniis 2 (Prop.); 
pumllld 3 m. (Mart.). 

PIKE— subst. 
(a) lance, q. v. 
(6) the fish. Use lupus 2. 

PILE — subst. 
(a) moles 3 f . ; acervus 2 ; dgg^r 3 m. ; 

cumulus 2 ; congeries 5 ; congestus 4 

(Lucr.) ; strues 3 f. 

Ep. lofty, reared up, &c. 
(6) usually = a funeral pile, rdgiis 2 ; 

ppra 1. Sometimes hiistum 2 ; sSpul- 

chrum 2 ; tumulus 2. 

Ep. mournful, costly, &c. 

PILE, to — V. act., cumulo 1 ; dccu- 
mulo 1 ; dggSro 1 and 3 ; acervo 1 ; cda- 
cervo 1 ; struo 3 ; exstruo 3. 



PILFEE, to— V. act., subrlpJo or sur- 
ripio 3 ; furdr 1. 

PILFEREE— subst., /wr 3 m. 

PILGBIM — subst. No exact equiva- 
lent. Use pgr?grlnus 2 ; vldidr 3 m ; 
hospgs 3 m. Sometimes vXr 2, plus, 
cdstus, sdnctus. 

PILGRIMAGE- subst. Usett^rSn ; 
via 1 ; cursus 4 ; error es 3 m. pi. 

PILLAGE — subst., raplnd 1 ; rdpium 
2. Sometimes spSllum 2 ; exuvlse 1 pi ; 
prEdd 1. 

Ep. cruel, hostile, &c. 

PILLAGE, to— V. act., vdsto 1 ; pS- 
pfdo 1 ; pdpuldr 1 ; depSpulSr 1 ; deso- 
16 1. 

Phr., rapiunt incensa fSruntquS Per- 
gama, they pillage burning Troy. 

PILLAGEE— subst., rdptOr 3 m. ; 
pdpfildtdr 3 m. ; vdsidtik 3 m. 

PILLAR — subst. 
(a) in literal sense, cdlumna 1 ; pila 1 

(H.). 

Ep. marble, lofty, firm, &c. 
(6) support, cdlumcn 3 n. ; cdlwnnct 1 ; 

fuldmSn 3 n. ; firmdm^n 3 n. Often 

presidium 2; tCitela 1. 

Ep. present, illustrious, &c. 

PILLARED— ad. Phr., cHlumnls in- 
nixus, fultus, &c. 

PILLOW — subst., pulvlniis 2 ; culctta 
1 (Juv., Mart.) ; cervical 3 n. ; cubital 
3 n. ; lit. elbow cushion (H.). 

Ep. downy, sleep-bringing, &c. 

PILOT — "subst., guherndtOr 3 m. ; 
maglstSr 2 ; reddr 3 m. Sometimes 
auriga 1 m. Use also Tiphys, Palinu- 
rus. 

Ep. prudent, wakeful, skilful, &c. 

PILOT, to — ^v. act., r?go 3 ; gubemo 1 ; 
dirigo 3. 

PIMPERNEL— ana^aZZrs 3 (Pliny- 
no poetical authority). 

Phr., Jlos 3 m., imbris nuntlUs, pl&vim 
prsesagUs, &c. 

PIN — subst., acus 4 f. ; hair-pin, 
crindl(< 3 n. 

PINCERS— subst., forceps 3 m. and f. 

PINCH, to— V. act, pr^mo 3; iiroS; 
aduro 3 ; ustrlngo 3. 

PINCHING— adj. 
(a) piercing (a), q. v. 
(6) of poverty, &c, dngustUs, acerbus, 

gravis, millestus. 

PINDARIC — adj., Pindaricus. 



PINE 



( 267 ) 



PITIFULLY 



PINE, to — V. neut. 
(o) to languish, languid 2 ; languesco 3 ; 
deficio 3 ; r^dnguSo 2 ; guccldo 3 ; 
mdrcesco 3 ; tdMo 2 ; mdrcSo 2. Per- 
haps mdc^rdr 1. 

V. act. 

(b) to pine for = to desire, q. v. 

FINE — subst., the tree, pinus 2 and 
4 f. ; abies 3 f. ; pine forest, pinetum 2. 
Ep. lofty, fragrant ; or local epithets. 
Pontic (Ponttcus), Idajan (Idmus). 

FINE — adj., pinSus, plnifSr (lit. pine- 
bearing), pintg^r, (lit. wearing pine 
garlands), ahiegnus, conifer, &c. 
FINFOLD— subst., septa 2 pi. 
PINION — subst., dla 1 ; penna 1. 
Phr., remigium 2, or remi 2 pi., 
alarum, = oarage of pinions. 
Ep. swift, spreading, &c. 
PINION, to — V. act. = to bind, q. v. 
FINK — adj., rSsSm, punXcStis, ruhens. 
PINNACE— subst. = boat, q. v. 
PINNACLE— subst., apex 3 m. ; fds- 
tlgium 2 ; cdcumSn 3 n. ; culmSn 3 n. 
Ep. airy, topmost, &c. 
PIONEER — subst. Perhaps ex- 
plordtdr 3 m. 

PIOUS — adj., piiis, sdnctus, cdstus, 
religiosus. 

Phr., piStdtls dmdne, piStdtS Insignts, 
&c. 

PIOUSLY- adv., pie. 
Phr., morS pio. 

PIP — subst., (of an apple tree, &c.,) 
seinSn 3 u. 

PIPE— subst. 
(a) water pipe, &c., fistula 1 ; candlXs 

3 m. 
(h) shepherd's pipe, fistula 1 ; arundo 
3 f . ; cdnnd 1 ; avena 1 ; calamus 2 ; 
cicuta 1. 

Ep. tuneful, rustic, oaten, &c. 
FIFE, to — V. neut. = to play on the 
pipe, cano 3 ; sffno 1 ; insOno 1. 

V. act., mdduldr 1 ; cano 3. 

PIPER- subst., tih'ic^n 3 m. ; lit. 
flute player ; cantor 3 (H.) ; mddfddtur 
3 m. (H.). Often use pdstdr 3 m. ; 
puSr 2. 

FIFING— subst. 
(a) mddi 2 pi. ; numSri 2 pi. ; cdrmlnd 

3 pi. ; cdntus 4. 
(h) of winds, strSpttus 4 ; murmur 3 n. 
See Roar. 



PIPPIN — subst., pomum 2. See 
Apple. 

PIRATE — subst., prdedo 3 m. ; Ihtra 
3 m. 

Ep. lawless, blood-stained, cruel, &c. 

FIT — subst., putSus 2 ; hSr&thrum 2 ; 
fdv^a 1. Sometimes htdtus 4. 

Ep. deep, dark, fearful, &c. 

PIT, to — V. act. = to match, q. v. 

FITCH — subst., pix 3 f . ; hltumdn 
3n. 

Ep. sticky, black, Idaean (Idssus^ 
&c. 

PITCH — subst. = degree or height^ 
gradus 4; fdstlgium 2; but the word 
may often be avoided in translation,- 
e.g. to reach the highest pitch of glory" 
= to reach the highest glory. 

PITCH, to — V. act. 

(a) to smear with pitch. 
Phr., picS illino 3 ; dstrlngo 3, &c. 

(b) to pitch a camp, pono 3 ; Idco 1. 

(c) to pitch a tent, tendo 3 ; (used also* 
absolutely). 

(c?) to throw, q. v. 

V. neut. 

(a) to fall, q. v. 

(&) to pitch upon = to choose, q. v. 

(c) of a ship; perhaps labor 5 1. 

PITCHER — subst., urcfus 2 (H.)? 
urcSSlus 2 (Juv.); urna 1. See Ov. 
Fast. iii. 14. 

PITCHFORK- subst.,/«rca 1. 

PITCHY — adj., plcSiis, bltumtnSiisi- 
also = dark, q. v. 

PITEOUS— adj. 
(a) trlstfs, mxstus, lugubrts, mtsi^rabilXgf 

misSr, mlsSrdndus. See MouRKFUii- 

(b). 
(&) compassionate, clemens, plus, mltXs, 

bSnlgniis. 

PITEOUSLY— adv., flebrlit^r, jlebXU,. 
trlstS, grdvltSr, mxstum, masste. 

FITiFALL — subst., fdvffa 1 (H.);: 
plaga 1 ; pgdXcd 1. 

PITH— subst., mMulld 1. 
^ITHILY— adv. = briefly, hr^vXter,. 
panels (verbis being understood). 

PITHY- adj. = brief, br^vXs. 

PITIABLE- adj. = moumful, q. V. 

PITIFUL— adj. 
(a) compassionate, clemens, pXus, mitXSf 

bgnigniis. 
(6) mournful, q. v. 

PITIFULLY — adv. = piteou8ly, q. r. 



PTTIFULNESS 



( 268 ) 



PLATFORM 



PITIFTTLNESS— subst., dementia 1; 
hifnltds 3 f. ; indvUgentia 1. 

PITILESS— adj., iMcnmabtlis, imml- 
ttg, Inexorubllis, hnpldcdbllis, impldcdtus. 
Often = cruel, q. v. 

PITILESSLY — adv., crudelltSr, or 
render by the adj. 

Phr., immitl pectdrS, nil motUs 'prScX- 
bUs. 

PITTANCE— subst. Use sportuU 1 
(Juv.). 

PITY — subst., dementia 1 ; hSnltds 
■S f. ; indulgentld 1. 

Phr., in pity for = pitying, mlsSrdtUs, 
&c. 

Ep. kindly, undeserved, godlike, 

PITY, to— V. act., mls?r?dr 2 ; mM- 
rdr 1 ; mls^resco 3 ; mUSrSt 2 impers. 
Sometimes ddlSo 2 ; resplclo 3. 

PLACABLE — adj., pidcobllls, demens, 
jnttls, facllls, exorabllls. 

PLACE — subst. 

(a) Idcus 2 ; stdtlo 3 f . = allotted place. 

(b) to give place = to make way for, 
cedo 3. 

Phr., Idcum do, irr. 
^c) to take place = to happen, q. v. 

PLACE, to — V. act., pond 3 ; Woo 1 ; 
.atatuo 3 ; colldco 1 ; constltuo 3. 

PLACID — adj., placldus, quietus, 
irdnquillus, immotm, eSrenug. 

PLAGUE — subst., pestls 3 f . ; morbtis 
a ; lues 3 f. ; contdgld 2 pi. Often 
lobes 3 f . ; tdhes 3 f . ; dddes 3 f . ; 
pernlcies 5 ; malum 2 ; damnum 2 ; 
£xltium 2. Plague on him, qudd nSc 
vertat MnS. (Verg. Ed. ix. 6). (-See 
the passage.) 

Ep. dire, deadly, dark, fiery, bitter, 
<!ruel, slow, creeping, &c. 

PLAID — e,\xh^i.,endrOmis 3 f . (Mart.). 
;See Cloak. 

PLAIN— adj. 
ia) level, xquus, iSvXs, planus, 
(b) unadorned, simplex, inorndtus. 
^) artless, simplex, tngffnuus, cdndtdus, 

sincerus (Mart.). 
^(?) evident, certUs, veriis, manlfestus, 

ddiHs. 

Phr., non duhlus, non ineertus, &c. 

PLAIN — subst., campus 2; pldni- 
iles 5 ; ^qudr 3 n. 

Ep. grassy, spreading, oi^en, &c. 

PLAINING— subst. = lament, q. v. 



PLAINLY— adv. 

(a) bluntly, q. v. 
(6) clearlv, q. v. 

PLAIN-SPOKEN —adj., libffr, sim- 
plex. 

PLAINT — subst. = lament, q. v. 

PLAINTIVE— adj., tristis, mEstus, 
liigubrts, lacrimdbllis, fiebllis, lacrtmosUs, 
misSr, mi^^rabilts, quSruliis. 

PLAINTIVELY — adv. = piteously, 
q. v. 

PLAIT, to — V. act., intexo 3; tn- 
nedo 3 ; implied 1 ; tdrquio 2 ; plait 
out, detexo 3. 

PLAITED — adj., sutills, nexllls, tex- 
tllls, iniextus, and participles of verbs 
above. 

PLAN — subst., consrZtum 2; propd- 
sltum 2. 

Ep. wise, fixed, bold, &c. 

PLAN, to — V. act., cogtio 1 ; mSdltik 
1 ; pdro 1 ; molldr 4 ; agtto 1 ; volvo 3 ; 
vdluto 1 ; rer«d 1 ; texo 3. 

PLANE — subst., plutantis 2 f. ; a 
grove of plane trees, pldtanon 3 m. 
(Mart.). 

Ep. shady, lofty, bachelor (^codebs, 
BO called because the vine could not 
be wedded to it). 

PLANET — subst. Phr., vdgum sidils 
3 n. ; errdns dstrum 2 ; pdldns stelld 1, 
&c. 

PLANK— subst., trdbs 3 f. ; tSbald 1 ; 
tdbelld 1. 

PLANT — Biibst. , herbd 1; pldntd 1; 
pldntdr'td 3 pi. ; germ^n 3 n. 

PLANT, to — V. act., sSro 3 ; pono 3 ; 
consPro 3. 

PLANTATION— subst., arbiistum 2; 
frSticetum 2. See Coppice. 

PLANTEK — subst., sdtdr 3 m. ; con- 
sltSr 3 m. 

PLASH, PLASHING— subst., cadiin- 
nus 2. (Cat. Ixiv. 272) ; risus 4. See 
SorxD. 

PLASTER — subst. Perhaps cretd 1. 

PLASTERED— adj., gypsdtus. 

PLATE— subst. 
(a) silver, drgentum 2. 
(h) a dinner plate, use pdtind 1. See 

Dish. 
(c) of armour, squdmd 1 ; plumd 1. Cf. 

Verg. Mn. xi. 771. 

PLATFORM — subst. Use rostrd 
2 pi. 



PLATTER 



( 269 ) 



PLENTEOUSLY 



PLATTEE — Bubst., lanx 3 f. ; c3- 
tinug 2 (H.); paropsis 3 f. (Juv., 
Mart.). _ 

PLAUDIT — Bubst., plausiis 4 ; favdr 
3 m. ; fremXtiLS 4. 

Phr., Ixtus sdnus, &c. 

Ep. redoubled, loud, confused, &c. 

PLAXTSIBLE — adj., spMosus. 

PLAY, to — V. neut., liidd 3. 

Phr., ludos, jOcos, &c., jndv^o 2 ; ez- 
ircSo 2 ; tento 1 ; pSto 3 ; aglto 1, &c. 

V. act. 

(a) to play an instrument, mSdulSr 1 ; 
tnOdSrdr 1 ; cano 3 ; sSno 1 ; insSno 
1 ; psSllo 3 (H.), (to play the harp). 
NumSros Jntend^rS nervis (Verg.). 

(b) to play a part, ago 3. 

Phr., he played a fool's part, stultum 
se prmstltif, stultitkim shnulavit, &c. 

(c) to play false = to deceive, q. v. 
PLAY— subst. 

(a) sport, Indus 2 ; jOcus 2 ; lusut 4. 
(&) drama, /«?)«?« 1. 
(c) gambling, alSa 1. 

PLAYER— subst. 
(a) gambler, luadr 3 m. 
(6) actor, mlrnuB 2. Often translate by 

phrases "with cdthurnus 2 (the tragic 

boot) and socciis 2 (the comic 

slipper), 
(c) player on an instrument, cdntSr 

3 m. (H.); rnddHlatdr 3 m. (H.); 

flute player, tihlcSn 3 m. ; tibic'ma 

1 f. ; harp player, fidicgn 3 m. ; 

horn player, cornlcSn 3 m. ; tublcSn 

3 m. 

PLAYFELLOW — subst., sdddlU 3 
m. ; cSmSs 3 m. ; sdcius 2 ; ^^ai" 3 m. ; 
Equalls 3 m. 

Phr., ludi particeps 3 m. Often 
puSr 2 ; amicus 2. 

Ep. beloved, familiar, joyous, &c. 

PLAYFUL — adj., Idsclms, j6cosus. 
Sometimes l£vls, prdterviis. 

Phr., ludl or jdcl amdns, studiosus, 
&c. 

TlATEVLLY—a.d\.,Uvtter,pr8terve. 

PLAYMATE — subst. = playfellow, 
q. V. 

PLAYTHING— subst., crSpundla 2 pi. 
(no good poetical authority). Some- 
times Indus 2 ; ludlbrium 2, e.g. vento- 
rum ludlbrium = a plaything for the 
winds. 

PLEA — subst., causa 1. 



PLEAD, to — ^v. act. 

(a) to offer as a plea or excuse, causdr If 
act. and neut. ; ezcuso 1 (H.). 

(b) to plead a cause, ago 3 ; defendd 3- 
(H.); tii^dr 2. _ 
PLEADER — subst., causldicSs 2 ^ 

patronus 2. 

PLEASANT — adj., grdtus, jucundtts, 
amdbllis, dcceptus, placens, placUus, dul- 
cis, prEdulcis, sudvis, amicus, amdtnng 
(only of sights), dfdbills = courteous. 

PLEASANTLY— adv., grdte, amdblli' 
ter (H.), didce. 

PLEASANTRY— subst. = jest, q. v, 

PLEASAUNCE — subst., vlretum 2. 
See Park. 

Ep. shady, retired, picturesque, &c. 

PLEASE, to — v. act., plSc^o 2; de- 
licto 1; juvd 1. Sometimes r^crifo 1,' 
oblecto 1 ; dem?rSo 2 ; rldSo 2 ; pass., I 
am pleased, gaudSo 2 ; IxtOr 1 ; &mo 1. 

PLEASING, PLEASURABLE — adj , 
= pleasant, q. v. 

PLEASURE— subst. 

(a) vdluptds 3 f . ; gaudlum 2 ; IsetUlS I 
(no plural). 

Phr., to take pleasure in = to enjoy, 
q. v. 
Ep. pure, well-earned, &c. 

(b) will, drbitrium 2 ; vdluntds 3 f . ; what 
is your pleasure ? Quid optds or vis ? 
Ep. fixed, royal, &c. 
PLEBEIAN— adj. 

(a) literally, plebelus, or plebejus. 
Phr., de plebS or de plebS ndtus. 

(b) vulgar, vulgaris, Ignobllls, vilie, JiU" 
mills. 

PLEDGE— subst. 
(a) plgniis 3 n. 
(6) promise, promlssum 2 ; fides 5. 

Ep. precious, faithful, sure, &c. 

PLEDGE, to— V. act. 
(a) spondSo 2 ; polllcSOr 2 ; promltto 3. 

Phr., fldem do, irr. ; pdngo 3. 
(6) to drink to, proplno 1 (Mart., Juv.). 

PLEIAD— subst., Pleias 3 f . ; the^ 
Pleiads = pleladSs; Vergillee 1 pi!" 
(Prop.) ; Atldntldes 3 f. pi. 

PLENTEOUS— adj., Idrgus, Mnignus, 
SplmUs, ahunddns, plenus, ubSr, IsetuSf 
divSs, luxurluns. 

PLENTEOUSLY— adv., Idrge, abunde, 
benigne, ubertim. 

Phr., Idrgd m^nu, bSnigno cornu. 



PLENTEOUSNESS 



( 270 ) 



PLUNGE 



PLENTEOTTSNESS— Bubst. = plenty, 
,fl..v. 

PLENTIFUL — adj. = plenteous, q. v. 
PLENTIFULLY — adv. = plen- 
iteously, q. v. 

PLENTY — subst., copla 1 ; fertilUds 
i .3f.,- vbSrZri.. 

Ep. abundant, rich, marvellous, &c. 
PLIABLE, PLIANT— adj., flexible, 
lentus, flexlbllts, flexllis, mollis, ductllls 
. (Mart.), of persons /aclZfg. 

PLIGHT — subst., conditio 3 f. ; statug 
4 ; res 5 ; fortuna 1 ; sors 3 f . ; Idcus 2 ; 
fors 3 f . 

Phr., to be in good plight = valSd 2 ; 
■florSo 2 ; to be in evil plight, laboro 1. 
. See Adversity and Prospebity. 

PLIGHT, to — v. act. = to pledge, 
.q. v. 

PLIGHTED — adj., pactus, proniissus, 
. datus. 

PLOD, to — V. neut. 
^(o) to go slowly. 

Phr., lento gradu, or lentius, So, irr. 
<Q}) of a student, perhaps l^rls, &c. ; 
incutnbd 3. 

PLODDING— adj., sedulus. 
PLOT— subst. 
.(a) of ground, Sgellus 2; hortulus 2 
(Juv.). 

Ep. small, barren, untilled, &c. 
v(&) conspu-acy, insldiE 1 pi. ; ddli 2;pl. ; 
fraus 3 f. Often consilium 2. 
Ep. secret, base, hostile, spiteful, 
.&c. 

PLOT, to — V. act., striio 3 ; coglto 1 ; 
mSditSr 1 ; molldr 4 ; paro 1 ; aglto 1 ; 
volvo 3 ; verso 1 ; texo 3. 
Phr., cdiniTllum InSo, irr. 
PLOTTER — subst. See Conspirator. 
PLOUGH — subst., ardtrum 2. Use 
Also vomSr 3 m. (ploughshare). 

Phr., aratri robur 3 n., or pondus 3 n., 
xomSrls dens 3 m. See Verg. Georg. i. 
169, &c. * 

Ep. curved, rustic, hard, heavy, &c. 
PLOUGH, to — V. act. 
.^o) aro 1 ; verto 3 ; cold 3 ; sulco 1. 

Phr., ardtro or vom^rS frdngo 3 ; ex- 
srceo 2 ; proscindo 3 ; sublgo 3 ; dUmo 1 ; 
rSnSvo 1, &c. 

ci(6) of the sea, sulco 1 ; sSco 1 ; sdndoZ; 
flndo 3 ; uro 1. 

PLOUGHBOY— subst. Use p&Sr 2. 
PLOUGHMAN — subst., ardt&r Z m. 



Use also dgrlcdlS 1 ; riistlcSa 2 ; ddonus 
2 ; dgrestls 3 m. ; rurlcdla 1. 

Ep. industrious, weary, cheerful, &c. 

PLOUGHSHABE — subst., vomi^r 
3 m. 

Phr., vomSrU dens 3 m. 

Ep. curved, iron, hard, &c. 

PLOVER— subst. Perhaps /rinsfHZtfl 
(Mart.). 

PLUCK, to— V. act. 
(a) to gather, cdrpo 3 ; lUgo 3 ; s&o 1 ; 

subsSco 1. 
(?j) to pull out, velld 3 ; evello 3 ; carj^o 

3 ; erlplo 3. 

PLUCK — subst. = courage, q. v. 
Perhaps cornud 4 pi. 

PLUM — subst., prunum. 

Ep. red, purple, sour, rii)e, &c. 

PLUMAGE— subst., plumx 1 pi. ; 
pennse 1 pi. ; dlx 1 pi. 

Ep. soft, smooth, glossy, &c. 

PLUMB, to — ^v. act. Perhaps expldro 
1 ; metidr 4 (fathom). 

PLUME— subst. 

(a) of birds. See Plumage. 

(b) crest, crista 1. 

PLUME, to— V. act., with " oneself," 
superblo 4 ; jdcto 1. 

PLUMELESS — adj., implumls. 

PLUMMET— subst. Use plumbum 2. 

PLUMP — adv. Render by adjective, 
pronus, prmceps. 

Phr., prseclplti cdsu. 

PLUMP — adj., nltldus, pinguis. 

PLUNDER, to— V. act., vdsto 1 ; pS- 
pfdo 1 ; pdpuldr 1 ; depOpuKrr 1 ; desolo 1. 

Phr., raplunt incensd fSruntqiiS Per- 
gamS = they plunder burning Troy. 

PLUNDER — subst., prmda 1 ; rapina 
1 ; rdptuni 2 ; spOllum 2 ; exuvlm 1 pi. 

Ep. unjust, rich, haijd-earned, &c. 

PLUNDERER— subst., rdptdr 3 m. ; 
jMipuldtOr 3 m. ; vdstdtdr 3 m. ; priedo 
3 m. 

PLUNGE, to — V. act., mergo 3; sib- 
mergo 3 ; imniergo 3 ; demirgo 3 ; obrUo 
3 ; prseciplto 1. 

Phr., to plimge a sword, dagger, &c., 
adigo 3 ; immitto 3 ; injlelo 3 ; demttto 3 
abdo 3. 

PLUNGE, to— V. neut. 

(a) to dive, q. v. 

(b) to fall (into misfortune, &c.), cado 
3 ; ruo 3 ; fSr&r, irr. ; prdpffro 1 ; 
prxclpitu 1 ; mergSr 3. 



PLUNGE 



( 271 ) 



POLLUTE 



Phr., prxceps ir^, c&dSrS, ferri, prx- 
eipitem se darS. 

(c) to plunge into the fight, ruo 3 ; 
fSrSr, irr. ; prdpgro 1 ; siib^o 4, irr.,&c. 

(d) of a horse, exsulto 1 ; emico 1 ; 
exsllto 4 ; luxurXo 1. 

PLUNGE— subst., mltus 4. 

PLUNGING— adj., of a horse, ster- 
niix. 

PLY, to — V. act., exerc^o 2 ; urgSo 2 ; 
agtto 1 ; lento 1 (of an oar). 

Phr., to ply with entreaties, prScibus 
eolllcUo 1 ; fatigo 1 ; tento 1, &c. 

POACHES — subst., fur 3 m. ; auceps 
3 m. 

POCKET— subst. Use sinus 4 (liter- 
ally fold of the robe). 

POD — subst., siltqua 1. 

Ep. quivering, dry, rattling, &c. 

POEM — subst., pSema 3 n. ; cdrm?n 

3 n. ; numSri 2 pi. ; mOdl 2 pi. ; versus 

4 pi. ; often Musa 1 ; Cdmena 1 ; lyra 
1 ; elthard 1 ; scripts 2 pi. 

Ep. stately, learned, tuneful, im- 
mortal, &c. 

POESY— subst. See Poetky. 

POET — subst., 2)i}eta 1 m. ; vutes 
3 m. 

Phr., friend or comrade of the 
IMuses, servant of Apollo, lover of 
song, &c. 

Ep. inspired, learned, frenzied, tiHie- 
ful, sacred, eloquent, &c. 

POETESS— subst., pSetria 1. 

POETIC— adj.,_p^e<i'c«s (H.). Use 
Apoll ln!ug,Fhce.iMus, PlSrliis, Cdstalius, 
of ted divlnus. 

Phr., dgo pleniis. 

POETRY— subst., pdisis 3 f. (H.); 
usually = poem, q. v. 

POIGNANT — adj. = piercing (6), 
q. V. 

POINT— subst. 

(a) acumen 3 n. ; cuspis 3 f. Some- 
times acies 5 ; mucru 3 m. 

Ep. sharp, steel, deadly, &c. 

(b) cape, q. v. 

(c) a point of time, punctum 2 (H.). 
POINT, to— V. act. 

(a) acud 3 ; exacud 3. 

(b) to point out, indico 1 ; ostendo 3 ; 
monstro 1. 

(c) to point out, designo 1 ; ostendo 3. 
POINTED — adj., dcutiis, prxacutus, 

pgracutus (Mart.). 



POISE, to — V. act., libro 1. 

POISON — subst., vSnenum 2; virus 
2 n. ; toxicum 2. Use names of par- 
ticular poisons, e.g. acSnita 2 pi. ; 
cicuta 1. 

Phr., Thessalian, Medean, Circeian ' 
herbs, juices, &c. 

Ep. bitter, deadly, powerful, &c. 

POISON, to— V. act. 

(a) to smear with poison, vSrieno 1. 
Phr., vSneno illino 3; inflclo 3r 

tingo 3 ; ungo 3 ; perungo 3, &c. 

(b) to kill by poison, render by vSneno 
(abl.), with verbs to kill, q. v. 

(c) to taint, corrumpo 3 ; vitio 1. 
POISONED — adj., vSnenatus, vSne- 

nlfSr. 

Phr., vSneno imbutus, tinctiis, 

POISONOUS — adj., letifgr, noxius, 
letalis, exittdlis, eziiidbilis, funestus, 
vlpSrfm. 

POLAR — adj. See Noethern. 

POLE— subst. 
(ft) pdliis 2 ; axis 3 m. 

Ep. heavenly, northern, bright, &c. 
Qj) a long pole, pertica 1. 
(c) a puntpole, contus 2. 

POLEAXE — subst., bipennls 3 f. ; 
sScuris 3 f . ; malleus 2 ; ferrum 2. 

Ep. sharp, heavy, steel, stout, &c. 

POLECAT— subst., mustela 1 (H.). 

POLESTAR— subst. 
(a) Cpnusuru 1. Use also ArctSs 2 ; 

(Jrsa 1 ; Hglice 3 f. [stab. 

(6) (used metaphorically). See Load- 

Ep. certain, bright, northern, &c. 

POLISH, to— V. act., tergSo 2 ; piSllo 
4 ; expSllo 4 (Cat.) ; elivno 1 ; limo 1 
(only metaphorical). 

Phr., nttidum reddo 3. 

POLISH — subst., nitffr 3 m. ; splen- 
ddr 3 m. 

POLITE — adj., c&mis, urbdnSs. 

POLL — subst. = head, caput 3 n. 
Sometimes vertex 3 m. 

POLL, to — V. act. Use puto 1 ; dm- 
puto 1 ; rScido 3. 

Phr., fdlce prSmo 3 ; tondSo 2. 

POLLEN— subst., jlos 3 m. (Verg. 
Georg. iv. 39). 

POLLUTE, to — v. act. = to defile, 
polluo 3 ; mdculo 1 ; commucuW 1 ; in- 
qu'ino 1 ; prSfdno 1 ; turpo 1 ; fcedo 1 : 
vitio 1 ; contdmino I (Mart.) ; vl6ld L 



POLLUTED 



( 272 ) 



PORTER 



POLLUTED — adj., turpis, foedus, sor- 
dlduB, and past participles of verbs 
above. 

POLLUTION— Bubst., macula 1 ; lobes 
3 f . ; sordes 3 f . pi. Perhaps dedicus 
3 n. ; ndtd 1. 

Ep. base, foul, lasting, &c. 

POLTROON— subst. = coward, q. v. 

POLYPUS— subst., j)olppu8 2. 

POMEGEANATE— subst. Phr., Pu- 
nicum malum 2 ; or pomum 2. 

POMP— subst. 

(a) procession, pompa 1. 

Ep. stately, long, royal, triumphant, 
&c. 

(b) pride, superbta 1 ; fastus 4 ; pard- 
tm 4 ; apparatus 4 ; orndtus 4 ; luxus 
4. 

Ep. royal, costly, excessive, &c. 

POMPOUS— adj. = magnificent, q. v. 

POND — subst., stdgnum 2 ; lacuna 1 ; 
a large pond, palus 3 f . ; lactls 4. 

Ep. reedy, deep, calm, broad, &c. 

PONDEB, to — V. act., mMitdr 1; 
verso 1 ; v6lutd 1 ; volvo 3 ; rSvolvo 3 ; 
eoglto 1. 

PONDEROUS — adj., gravis, UnSrosus. 

Phr., non iSvls. 

PONIARD— subst., slca 1 (Mart.). 

PONTIFF — subst., pontlfex 3 m. ; 
e&cerdos 3 m. 

Ep. august, mitred, sacred, &c. 

PONY — subst., mdnnus 2; mdnnulus 
2 (Mart.). 

. POOL— subst., stdgnum 2 ; lacuna 1. 

Ep. clear, cool, glassy, &c. 

POOP — subst., puppi's 3 f. 

Ep. high, brazen, &c. 

POOR— adj. _ 
(o) not rich, paupSr Sgent, tnops, ?ge- 

nus, indlgus. 
(6) paltry, vllls, livls, sordidUs; turptsy 

indtgens. 

(c) miserable, mXsSr, infelix, mXsSrdhills, 
mlsSrdndus. 

(d) barren, stlrllts, infecundiis, infelix. 
POOR-SPIRITED— adj., Mmtlis, de- 
missus, vilis, contemptus, hiauddx. 

POPLAR — subst., populua 2 f. 

Phr., dridr 3 f., Herculea, adj., or 
Herculls, gen. 

Ep. white, lofty, river, &c. 

POPLAR — adj., popHleus, popullfSr 
= poplar-bearing. 

POPPY — subst., papdvgr 3 n. 



Ep. drowsy, Lethaean, sleep-bring- 
ing, &c. 

POPPY — adj., papdv£r?m. 

POPULACE— subst., jpie6« 3 f. ; ruZj/fi» 
3n. 

POPULAR— adj. 

(a) of the people, pdpuldrls. 
(6) familiar, vulgdrls. 

(c) pleasing to others, grdtus, placens. 

POPULARITY— subst., facd^r 3 m. ; 
grdtia 1. 

POPULOUS— adj., frPquens, cSl^r 
(usually followed by abl.). 

PORCELAIN— subst. Use murrhina 

2 pi. (Juv., Mart.) ; murrhS 1 (Mart.). 
Ep. delicate, costly, earthen, &c. 
PORCELAIN — a'dj., murrMus 

(Prop.), murrh'inus (Mart.). 

PORCH — subst., porticus 4 f. ; vesti- 
bulum 2. Often = door, q. v. 

Ep. lofty, columned (innixa cdlumni/X 
humble, ivy-clad, &c. 

PORE — subst., spirdmentum 2. 

Ep. fine, countless, &c. 

PORE, to — ^v. act. (with "over"). 
Use incumbu 3; invigllo 1 ; mltiu 1. 

POROUS — adj., multicavus, exesus, 
latebrosuii. 

PORRIDGE— subst. jjuh 3 f. (Juv.). 

PORT— subst. 
(o) partus 4 ; ostia 2 pi. ; ndvdlS 3 n. 

Sometimes statlo 3 f. (roadstead); 

sinus 4 (bay); ora 1 (shore); littus 

3 n. (shore). 

Ep. safe, longed-for, &e. 

(b) mien, q. v. 

PORTAL — subst. See Gate. 
PORTCULLIS — subst. Use obex 

3 m. ; clau^frii 2 pi. ; rcpdgiila 2 pi. 
Ep. closed, iron, let down, ifcc. 
PORTEND, to — V. act., auguro 1 ; 

augiirdr 1 ; portendo 3 ; signified 1 ; 
denuntio 1 ; vdticinUr 1 ; prxrrUhiSd 2 ; 
monstro 1 ; ostendu 3 ; prsedico 3. 

PORTENT — subst., iJurtentum 2; 
monstrum 2 ; omgn 3 n. ; prodigium 2 ; 
ostentum 2. 

Ep. strange, heavenly, fearful, &c. 

PORTENTOUS— adj. 
(a) inauspicious, q. v. 
(6) huge, immdnis, ingens, mdgniih 

vdstus, hmnensus. 

PORTER— subst., ./a?i(7or 3 m. 

Phr., portx custus 3 m. 

Ep. stem, treacherous, &c. 



PORTICO 



( 273 ) 



POUR 



POKTICO — subst. 
(a) porticus 4 f . ; cSlumnm 1 pi. 

Ep. lofty, marble, costly, &c. 
(h) porch, porticus i f . ; vestibulum 2. 

See Door. 

POETION— subst. 

(a) pars 3 f. 

(b) dowry, clos 3 f. 
PORTION, to— V. act. 

(a) to divide, q. v. 
(6) to dower, doto 1. 

POETIONED— adj. = dowered, do- 
tdtus. 

POETIONLESS— adj., IndotatUs. 

Plir., sinS dots. 

POETLY — adj, gravis, pinguis. 

POETEAIT— subst., effigies 5 ; Imago 
3f. 

Ep. life-like, mindful, &c. 

POETEAT, to — V. act. = to depict, 
q. V. 

POSE— subst. 
(n) mien, q. v. 
(6) Perhaps gestus, 4. 

POSITION— subst. 
(a) situs 4 ; locus 2 ; pdsttus 4 ; pSsUura 

1 (Lucr., Prop.). 
(h) status 4. 

POSSESS, to— V. act., MhSo 2; pos- 
sidSo 2 ; tSnSo 2 ; fruSr 3 ; pdtldr 4 ; ob- 
tinSo 2. 

POSSESSOE— subst., ddmlnus 2 ; pos- 
sessdr 3 m. ; Mrus 2. 

Ep. new, proud, ancient, &c. 

POSSIBLE — adj. Phr., it is possible, 
llcgt ; impers., fas est. 

POST— subst. 

(a) oflSce, munus 3 n. ; officlum 2 ; 
mlnistSrlum 2 ; partes 3 f. pi. ; vices 
3 f. pi. 

(b) door post, postls 3 m. 

(c) station (of a soldier), statlo 3 f . ; 
IScus 2. 

POST, to — V. act. = to station, pond 
3 ; dlspond 3 ; statuo 3. 

POSTEEITY— subst., postSrltas 3 f. ; 
postiri 2 pi. ; nSpotes 3 pi. ; postggnlti 
2 pi. 

Phr., vSniens sevum 2, or «<a« 3 f. 
iSee Descendants. 

POSTEEN— subst., postlcum 2 (H.). 

POSTPONE, to— V. act., diffSro, irr. ; 
iardo 1 ; mdrdr 1. 

POSTSCEIPT— subst. Phr., addlta 
verba 2 pi. ; vox 3 f. gumma. 



POSTITEE— subst., habitus 4. <See 
Mien. 

POSY — subst. = nosegay. Use serta 

2 pi., cdrona 1 ; or substitute name of 
flowers, e.g. roses, lilies, violets, &c. 

Ep. choice, fragrant, woven, &c. 

POT— subst., oils 1 (H.); for cook- 
ing, cdlix 3 m. (Ov. Fast. v. 509). 

POTABLE — adj., blbendus, potandus. 

POTENT— adj. 
(a) pdtens, valens, pollens, valldus, effi- 

cdx, prsesens. 
(6) of things, e.g. potent drugs, pdtens, 

efflcdx, valldus. 

POTENTATE— subst., tprdnnus 2 ; 
rex 3 m. 

POT-HEEBS— subst. Use Olus 3 n. 

POTION — subst., (usually magical 
potions) pocula 2 pi. ; suceus 2 ; m^dl- 
cina 1 ; mSdlcamSn 3 n. ; phlltra 2 pi. 
(love potions). Often venerium 2. 

Ep. magic, potent, dread; or local 
epithet, e.g. Colchian (Colchus, Colchl- 
cus), Thessalian (TJiessalus), &c. 

POTSHEED— subst., testa 1. Some- 
times frdgmSn 3 n. ; frdgm£ntum 2. 

POTTAGE— subst., jMs 3 n. (H.). 

POTTEE — subst., flgulus 2 (Juv, 
Mart.). 

POTTEEY— subst., /tc^rZra 3 pi. 

POUCH— subst., pera 1 (Mart.) ; cru- 
mend 1 (H.). 

POULTICE— subst., /omentem 2. 

POULTEY— subst._Use aves 3 f. pi. 
with epithet. Of. raucE chortls aves; 
turba sordldse cortls (Mart.). 

Ep. noisy, crowded, &c. 

POUNCE, to— v. act , with " upon," 
inslllo 4 ; rapid 3 ; drrlplo 3 ; corrlplo 

3 ,• irrilo 3. 
POUNCET-BOX— subst., pyxis 3 f. 
POUND, to — V. act., tundd 3; con- 

tundo 3; tSro 3; contSro 3; sublgo 3 
(Ov. Med. Fae. 75). 

POUND— subst., libra 1. See, too, 
Ov. Med. Fac. 79, 80. 

POUE, to— V. act. 

(a) (lit.) fundo 3 ; iff undo 3 ; defundo 
3 ; prdfundo 3 ; invergo 3. 

(b) to pour forth words, complaints, 
&c., fundo 3 ; effundo 3 ; prdfundo 
3 ; mitto 3 ; emitto 3 ; edo 3 ; rumpo 
3 ; profSro, irr. 

V. neut., fluo 3 ; c^mJ 3 ; pro- 

fiuo 3 ; mdno 1 ; Z«6tfr 3 ; deldb6r 3 ; 
T 



POUT 



( 274 ) 



PRAY 



decurro 3 ; fSrih; irr. ; volvHr 3 ; So, irr. ; 
rud 3 ; descendo 3 ; proruo 3 ; ingruo 3 
(of rain only). 

POUT, to — V. neut. Perhaps intii- 
mesco 3. Cf. Ov. Fast. vi. 700. 

Quint, has I&bra porrtgSrS. 

POVEETY— subst., ^gestas 3 f. ; pau- 
pertds 3 f. ; penuria 1 ; paupMes 5. 

Phr., res 5 dngmta ; tenuis fortuna 1 ; 
parvus or exlguus census 4. 

Ep. hard, cruel, undeserved, &c. 

POWDER— subst., puIvU 3 m. ; for 
the face, cerussa 1. 

adj., cerussdtus. 

POWBEB, to — V. act., commtniio 3 ; 
contundo 3 ; contSro 3 ; tSro 3. 

POWDEBY— adj. = dusty, puMreUs, 
pulvSrulentus. Sometimes arenosus, 
siccus, dridus, sitiens, btbulus. 

POWEEr— subst. 
(a) ability, fScultds 3 f . ; copia 1 ; pd- 

testds 3 f . ; pdtentia 1 ; or translate 

by "poss^," e.g. power to conquer, 

vlnc?rS poss^. NevS ndce tSnMs, 

possS nOeerS sat est = hurt not 

the young, the power to hurt is 

enough. In the power of, p^nffs : 

cf. iniSr manus sunt omnia vestrds 

(Verg.). 
(h) authority, pStistds 3 f . ; pdtentia 1 ; 

impMum 2 ; drbltrium 2 ; dltio 3 f . ; 

mMSrdmSn 3 n. Sometimes nutus 

4 ; fdsces 3 m. pi. 

Ep. royal, unbridled, proud, &c. 
(c) of a god, pdtestds 3 f . ; pdtentia 1 ; 

nutus 4 ; num^n 3 n. ; drbltrium 2. 

Ep. august, unlimited, divine, &c. 
(cZ) strength, vis 3 f. ; robur 3 n. ; 

dpes 3 f. pi. ; e.g. Hds evertlt dpes = 

overthrew this power, 
(e) potentate, tyrdnnus 2 ; rex 3 m. 

POWERFUL — adj., pdtens, valens, 
pollens, valldus, preesens, efflcdx. 

POWERFULLY— adv., vi, valentlus 
(comparative). 

Phr., render by abl. magna vi, mdgno 
robdrS. 

POWERLESS — adj., impdtens, de- 
hUls, infirmUs, invalldus, imbellls. See 
Feeble. 

PRACTICE — subst. = custom, mos 
3 m. ; MSMs 4 ; consuetudo 3 f. ; dssue- 
tiido 3 f. ; want of practice, destietudo 
3f. 

PRACTISE, to — V. act., exercSo 2 ; \ 



ago 3 ; aglto 1 ; trdcto 1 ; of mufiic, 
mddUdr 1 (Verg. Eel. i. 2). 

PRACTISED— adj., doctus, pMtiiSy 
sclens, exercitus. 

PRAISE— subst. 

(a) /oMS 3 f . ; laudes 3 f . pi. 
Phr., prmconla 2 pi., laudls. 

(b) glory, laus 3 f. ; ddcus 3 n. ; hdndr 
3 m.; gloria 1 ; fdma 1 ; ndmdn 3 n. 
Ep. lasting, well-earned, excessive, 

&c. 

PRAISE, to — V. act., laudo 1 ; col- 
laudo 1 ; c?lebro 1 ; concdlebro 1. 

Phr., laude or laudibus tollo, irr. ; c^- 
lebro 1 ; dScdro 1 ; cumulo 1 ; effdro, 
irr. ; orno 1 ; exorno 1 ; persdqudr 3, 
&c. [(H.). 

PRAISER— subst., lauddtdr 3 m. 

PRAISEWORTHY— adj., ImidSbllls, 
mdmdrdndus, mdmdrabllls, prdbdndus, 
egrSglus. 

Phr., laiidd digniis, Taiidd cSnendus, 
cdlebrdndus. 

PRANCE, to— V. neut., exstUto 1; 
emlco 1 ; exslllo 4 ; luxHrlo 1. 

PRANK — subst. = frolic, ludUs 2 ; 
jdcus 2 ; liisus 4 ; risus 4. 

Ep. merry, mischievous, boyish, &c. 

PRANKED — adj. = decorated, omd- 
tus, ddcdrdtus, distinctus, pictus, exor- 
ndtfts. 

PRATE, to— V. act., (with "of") 
crdpo 1 (H.) ; jdcto 1 ; gdrrio 4 (H.). 

PRATER— subst., garrulus 2. 

PRATTLE — subst., gdrrulltds 3 f. 
Perhaps nugE 1 pi. (H., Mart.). 

Phr., gdrrula or Idqudx lingua 1. 

Ep. excessive, unseasonable, child- 
ish, &c. 

PRATTLE, to— V. act., (with "of") 
= to prate, q. v. 

PRAWN— subst., squills 1 (H.). 

PRAY, to— V. act. 
(a) to beg for a thing, oro 1 ; prdcdr 1 ; 

rdgo 1 ; pdto 3 ; imploro 1 ; posco 3 ; 

exposed 3 ; postulo 1. 
(6) to entreat a person, oro 1 ; prdcdr 1 ; 

vdndrdr 1 ; cdlo 3 ; invdco 1 ; adoro 1 . 

Phr., prdclbus or roffs po8co 3 ; tento 
1 ; solllclto 1 ; prosdqudr 3 ; fatigo 1, 
&c. 

(c) V. neut. = to oflFer prayers, prdcdr 
1 ; comprdcdr 1 ; dpprdcdr 1 ; oro 1. 
Phr., prdces or i^ofa faclo 3 ; fundo 3 ; 

ddhlbSo 2 ; a^o 3 ; do, irr., &c. 



PRAY 



( 275 ) 



PREPARED 



PBAY — exclam. = prithee. 

Phr., agff, e.g. Tell me, pray, die agS. 
Sometimes render by pres. subj., e.g. 
pray come ! vSnlas, with or without 
prScdr 1 ; or 5 1. 

PEAYEE— subst., prices 3 f. pi. 
(abl. sing, pr^c^ may be used); vota 

2 pi. 

Ep. humble, repeated, unavailing, 
persuasive, &c. 

PKAYEKFUL — adj. Use ptus. 

PREACH, to — V. act. = to proclaim, 
q. V. 

PEECARIOUS — adj., ddbliis = peri- 
lous, q. V. 

PRECAITTION — subst. Phr., to 
take precaiitions, cavSo 2. 

PEECEDE, to — V. act. = to go before, 
prx?o, irr. ; antSSo, irr. (or ant?o); 
prmcedo 3 ; prEcurro 3. 

Phr., prsevius So, irr. ; incedo 3 ; 
gradiSr 3. 

PEECEDENCE— subst. 
(rt) to give precedence, cedo 3. 
(6) to take precedence = to precede, 

q. V. 

PEECEDENT— subst., exemplum 2. 

PEECEDING — adj., pridr, priscug, 
pristinus. 

PEECEPT — subst., prseceptum 2; 
jussum 2 ; mdnddtum 2 ; dictum 2 ; 
impSrium 2. 

Ep. severe, cautious, repeated, vain, 
&c. 

PEECINCT — subst. Perhaps vlcl- 
nXa 1 ; sacred precincts, pSnStrdlld 

3 pi. 

PEECIOUS — adj., prStlosus, car us, 
sumptuosus, mdgnificus, sUperbus, divSs. 

Phr., tnagno constdns. Cf., too, Ov. 
Trist. I. iii. 68. 

PEECIPICE— subst., prsBceps 3 n. ; 
abruptum 2 ; prasruptum 2. 

Phr., sdxd 2 pi., prserupta; rupes 
3 f., prmceps, dbrupta, or drdua. 

Ep. lofty, dizzy, &c. 

PEECIPITATE, to — v. act., prie- 
cTpito 1 ; dejicto 3; deturbo 1. 

PEECIPITATE— adj. = hasty, q. v. 

PEECIPITOTJS — adj., prxceps, dh- 
ruptiis, drduus, prseruptus. 

PEECLTJDE, to— V. act. = to hinder, 
q. V. 

PEECOCIOTIS— adj. Perhaps mdtu- 
rlOr (comp.). 



PEECITESOE — subst. = harbinger, 
q. V. 

PEEDESTINED— adj. = fated, q. v. 

PEEDICT, to— V. act., prEdico 3; 
cano 3 ; vdticindr 1 ; prssclno 3 ; wu- 
gurSr 1 ; auguro 1 ; prEmSnSo 2 ; de- 
nuntlo 1 ; portendo 3 ; divlno 1. 

PEEDICTION — subst. = prophecy, 
q. V. 

PEEEMINENT— adj., egrSgiGs, prie- 
stdns, primus, irisignls, optlmUs, ex- 
irnius. 

PEEEN, to— V. act. (of birds), dis- 
pono 3. 

PEEFACE — subst. Perhaps ex- 
ordium 2. 

PEEFEE, to — ^v. act. 
(a) prsepono 3 ; prxfSro, irr. ; dntgfSro, 

irr. Often = to choose, Ugo 3; 

eligo 3 ; deltgo 3 ; optu 1 ; mdlo, irr. 

Sometimes use posthShSo 2 ; postpono 

3 ; e.g. he learnt to prefer life to 

honour, vitse dldicit posthabuissS 

fldem, he learnt to put honour after 

life, i.e. life before honour. 
(J)) followed by infinitive, mdlo, irr. 

Phr., mSllus, or satlus duco 3. 
(c) to promote, q. v. 

PEEFEEABLE— adj.,|)^r<r5r (comp.), 
dntSfSrendus. 

PEEFIX, to — V. act., prsefigo 3; 
praipono 3. 

PEEGNANT— adj. 
(a) gravidas, prasgndns, gravis, pilenUs. 
(Jo) fertile, q. v. 

PEEJUDICE— subst. 
(a) in favour of,favdr 3 m. ; stSdtum 

2 ; am/3r 3 m. 
(6) against, Sdium 2 ; tnvidtS 1 ; livdr 

3 m. 

PEELXJDE, to — ^v. neut., proludo 3. 

PEEMATTJEE — adj., acerbus, prse- 
mdturiis (Prop.), immdturus (Juv.), 
immitis. 

PEEMATUEELY — adj. Phr., dntS 
diem, ants expectdtum. 

PEEPAEE, to — V. act., pSrd 1 ; com- 
pdro 1 ; prseparo 1 ; dpparo 1 ; instruo 
3 ; instltiid 3 ; orno 1 ; expSdio 4. 

V. neut., paro 1 (with inf.) ; 

parSr 1 (with dat.). So also dccin- 
gdr 3. 

PEEPAEED — adj., pardtds, promp- 
tus, orndtus. When followed by in- 
finitive it may often be rendered by 
T 2 



PREPOSTEROUS 



( 276 ) 



PREVAIL 



the future part., e.g. prepared to go = 
Uiirus. 

FBEFOSTEBOXTS — adj. = absurd, 
q. V. 

FBESAOE — subst., prsesagium 2 ; 
augurlum 2 ; om^n 3 n. See Omen. 

Ep. dire, sudden, doubtful, &c. 

PRESAOE, to — V. act. = to forebode, 
prsenentio 4 ; prEsdgio 4 (Prop.) ; prse- 
scisco 3 ; prEndsco 3 ; prsevidSo 2 ; au- 
guro 1 ; augSrdr 1 ; signified 1 ; por- 
tendo 3 ; denuntio 1. 

FSESA0IN6 — adj., prsesagus, prE- 
sciiig, divinm. 

PEESCIENCE — subst. = foreknow- 
ledge, prudentia 1. 

Phr., mens 3 f., prxscia, meits di- 
vinS. 

FBESCIENT — adj., prsesclus, prE- 
sagus, divlniis. 

FBESCBIBE, to — v. act. = to order 
(6), q. V. 

FBESENCE— subst. 
(a) prEsentta 1. 
(6) mien, q. v. 

In the presence of, coram. 

FBESENT— adj. 
(a) prEsens. Often adstans. 
(6) powerful, prEsens. 

(c) at present, adv. nunc, jam. 

(d) for the present, adv.. In prEsens . 

(e) to be present, adsum, irr. ; adsto 1. 
FBESENT — subst. = gift, donum 2 ; 

minus 3 n. ; munusculum 2. 

FBESENT, to — v. act. = to give, 
q. V. 

FBESENTIMENT— subst. Use au- 
gurtum 2 ; prEsdgium 2. 

Ep. uncertain, grievous, &c. 

FBESENTLY — adv. = soon, mox, 
postmddd, d(^mdS. 

FBESEEVE, to — ^v. act., serm 1; 
cdnservo 1 (Prop.) ; tii^dr 2 ; tuUfr 1 ; 
prot^gu 3 ; defendo 3 ; defense 1 ; cus- 
todio 4. _ 

Phr., inciflumem or tutum priesto 1, 
reddo 3. 

FBESEBVEB — subst., servatSr 3 m. ; 
servdtrtx 3 f. Often prEsidium 2 ; 
tutelS 1 ; custos 3 m. 

Ep. bold, faithful, &c. 

FBESISE, to — V. act., with " over," 
prEsid^o 2 ; prEsum, irr. ; prEfictdr 3 ; 
prEpondr 3. Often = to guard, q. v. 

FBESIDENT — subst., prEsSs 3 m. 



FBESS, to — ^v. act. 
(a) to crush, prSmo 3; opprhno 3; 

urgSo 2 ; gravo 1 ; degravo 1 ; in- 

cumbo 3 ; presso 1 ; comprlnw 3 ; 

dn^ro 1. 
(&) to urge, iirg^o 2; suddio 2; per- 

suddio 2. 

V. neut. 

(a) usually to press upon = to hasten, 
festino 1 ; prdp?ro 1 ; dccSllro 1 ; 
mdturo 1 ; curro 3 ; prEclpito 1 ; 
ddvdlo 1 ; dccurro 3. 

(b) to crowd, cdSo, irr. ; convSnio 4 ; 
concurro 3 ; confluo 3 ; gldm^rdr 1 ; 
cogd^ 3 ; densSdr 2. 

(c) Phr., time presses = hora fugll, or 
tempus fugit ; also use ne m^ra sU. 

(d) to press on, insto 1. Often sSgudr 
3 ; persffqudr 3. 

FBESS — subst. 
(a) prelum (wine press) 2 ; trapetus 2 

(olive press); pressed (of grapes) 

ddmttus (Hor. Od. i. 20, 9). 
(6) crowd, q. v. 

FBESSIN6 — adj. = urgent, prEsens, 
imminens, impendens. 

FBESUME, to— V. neut. 
(a) to think, q. v. 
(6) to be arrogant, siiperbio 4. 
(c) to dare, q. v. 

_FBESTIMFTII01TS— adj. = arrogant, 
auddx, insdlens, drrdgdns, superbus, 
fir ox. 

FBETENCE— subst., spicles 5 ; imdgo 
3f. 

Ep. false, vain, &c. 

FBETENB, to— v. act., simulo 1 ; 
fingo 3; dsshnulo 1. Sometimes men- 
tiGr 4. Cf. Ov. A. A. i. 25. 

PRETENDED— adj. = false (6), q. v. 

FRETENDEB— subst. ficUk 3 m.; 
simulator 3 m. 

PBETEXT— subst. 
(a) pretence, q. v. 
(6) plea, causa 1. 

FBETTILY — adv., belle (Mart.), 
dicenti^r. 

FBETTY— adj., vinustits (Cat.), pU- 
cMr, formosus, spiclosus, nitldus, spectd- 
bilis, dScens. 

FBEVAIL, to— V. neut. 

(a) vinco 3 ; valid 2. 
Phr., mdjdr sum orfio. 

(b) to prevail over, = to conquer, q. v. 
I (c) to prevail on = to persuade, q. v. 



PRKVAILING 



( 277 ) 



PRINT 



PREVAILING— adj., pdtens, valens, 
efficdx. 

PEEVENT, to— V. act. 
(a) to anticipate, prxsumo 3 ; prmci'pio 

3 ; occupo 1 ; prxverto 3. 
(6) to hinder, imp^dlo 4 ; priepSdtd 4 ; 

prUhtbSo 2 ; obsto 1 ; rSsisto 3 ; vito 1 ; 

arcSo 2. 

Phr., non pStidr 3; non stno 3; 
presto 1 ne with subj. See Ov. fler. 
xviii. 89, 90 ; also efficio 3 ne, 99, 100 ; 
cf. ago ne, xxi. 186. 

PEEVIOTJS— adj., prldr. 

PEEVIOTISLY — adv., ant^, prlug, 
antfhdc (scanned as dissyl.), hdctSnus. 

PEEY— subst. 
(a) prmda 1 ; rapina 1 ; rdptum 2. 

Often spfflia 2 pi. ; exilvlE 1 pi. 

Ep. rich, hard-earned, sought-for, 
&c. 
(fc) a beast of prey, f?ra 1. 

Ep. fierce, woodland, mountain, 
&c. 

PEEY, to— V. neut. 
{a) prseddr 1. 
(6) to prey upon, 1 = to plunder, q. v. ; 

2 = to distress, q. v. 

PEICE — subst., prmum 2. Also 
merces 3 f . ; prsemium 2. 

Ep. great, excessive, unworthy, &c. 

PEICELESS— adj. Phr., aurd prS- 
tXosldr, or non auro vendlis. Use also 
preestdns, egr^gius, exlmiiis, insignts, 
unicus. 

PEICK, to— V. act. 

(a) pungo 3 ; etimulo 1 ; crucio 1 ; 
flgoS. 

(b) to spur. 

Phr., cdlcar subdo 3, or dddo 3. 

(c) to prick up (the ears), drrigo 3; 
surrtgo 3 ; cacumino 1 . 
PEICKLE— subst. spina. 1. 
PEICELY — adj., spinosiis, spinSus, 

dspSr, hirsutus. 

PEIDE— subst. 
(a) superbla 1 ; fdstus 4 ; fldtus 4. 

Ep. royal, excessive, vain, swelling, 
&c. 
(&) object of pride, dSciis 3 n. ; gloria 1 ; 

Jidndr 3 m. 

Ep. great, distinguished, &c. 

PEIDE, to — V. act. = to pride oneself, 
jado 1. 

V. neut., superbid 4. 

PEIEST — subst., sacerdos 3 m. ; 



pontifex 3 m. ; antistes 3 m. Some- 
times minister 2 ; famulus 2. 

Phr., s&crorum prsesSs 3 m. 

Ep. holy, august, fillet-crowned 
(vittdtiis), &c. 

PEIESTESS— subst., sacerdos 3 f . ; 
dntistita 1. 

PEIESTHOOD— subst. Phr. muniis 
3 n., pontificdlS. 

PEIESTLY— adj ., pontlficalis. Often 
plus, sacSr, sdnctus, &c. 

PEIH — adj., perhaps mundiis, pQdi- 
cus, cdncinnus. 

PEIMAL — adj., primus, prlmEviis, 
prlnceps. 

PEIME— subst. 

(a) beginning, q. v. 

(b) best part, use flos 3 m. 
PEIMEVAL — adj., prlmixvUs, prlU' 

ceps, primus. 

PEIMITIVE — adj., prlscUs, antlquus, 
vStustus, vStits, prlstinus. Sometimes 
prTdr. 

PEIMEOSE— subst., prlmUla 1, is 
generally used, but it is not a Latin 
word. 

Phr., /o8 3 m., vernUs. 

PEIMEOSE — adj., crifcgus, flams, 
lut^iis. 

PEINCE— subst. 
(«) king, rex 3 m. ; tyrdnnUs 2 ; regnd- 

t8r 3 m.; prlnceps 3 m. Often 

dffminus 2 ; rectdr 3 m. 

Ep. powerful, haughty, just, &c. 
(6) son of a king, juvSnls 3 m. Per- 
haps prlnceps 3 m. 

Ep. gallant, handsome, noble, &c. 

PEINCELY — adj., reglus, regdlls, 
regificiis. 

PEINCESS— subst. Use dffmina 1; 
hSra 1 ; fllia regis. 

Ep. beauteous, stately, proud, &c. 

PEINCIPAL— adj. 
(a) chief, prlnceps, primus. 
(6) Phr., principal men, prlmores 3 pi. ; 

prdcSres 3 pi. ; principes 3 pi. 

PEINCIPLE— subst. = element, m- 
mentum 2 ; prlnciptum 2. 

PEINT, to — ^v. act. 
(a) to mark, ndto 1 ; slgno 1. Some- 
times Inslgnio 4. 
(&) to print kisses, _/i JO 3; dpplico 1. 

PEINT— subst. 
(a) ndta 1 ; slgnum 2. 
(6) footprint, vestigium 2. 



PRIOR 



( 278 ) 



PRODIGY 



Phr., pidtim signa 2 pi., or ndtx 
Ipl. 

FBIOB — adj., pridr. Sometimes 
pdtidr. 

FBIOB — subst. Perhaps prsesSs 
3 m. 

PBIOBESS — subst. Perhaps dntl- 
stlta 1 ; dffmina 1 ; matSr 3. 

PBIOBY— subst. Phr. s&cra Mmiis 

2 and 4 f. ; sacerdotum latebrx 1 pi., 
&c. 

FBISH — subst. Use perhaps cr^s- 
talltis 2 f . (Prop.) ; vttrum 2. 

PBISMATIC— adj. Use verslcdUfr, 
vartus, pictug. 

FBISON — subst., cdrcSr 3 m. ; robur 

3 n. Often use vincula 2 pi. ; clmistra 

2 pi. ; catenx 1 pi. 

Phr., cdrcMe antrum 2; tSn^rx 
1 pi. ; cldustra 2 pi., &c. 

Ep. gloomy, iron, barred, &c. 

FBISONEB— subst., captUs 2 ; capti- 
VU8 2. 

Ep. unhappy, unwilling, languish- 
ing, &c. 

FBITHEE— ^ee Pray. 
FBIVACY— subst. = secrecy, q. v. 
FBIVATE— adj. 

(a) retired, seclusiis, secretHs, rimotus, 
rSductUs, discretus, drcdnus, dccuUug, 
abditUs, lateng. 

(b) one's own, prdpriiis, privdtus. 
Often sutis, &c. 

(c) private person, privdtus (Juv.). 
FBIVATEEB — subst. Substitute 

prsedo 3 m. (a pirate). 

FBIVATELY— adv., dam, laientgr, 
secreto, furtim. 

FBIVET— subst., Itgustrum 2. 

Ep. white, &c. 

PBIVILEGE— subst. Perhaps jus 

3 n. ; comm^dum 2. 
FBIVY— adj. 

(a) private (a) and (6), q. v. 

(6) with "to " = conscious of, consciUs. 

FBIZE— subst. 
(a) reward, prxmium 2 ; merces 3 f. ; 

muniis 3 n. ; donum 2 ; prelum 2. 

Ep. worthy, longed-for, conspicuous, 
&c. 
(6) plunder, prEda 1 ; rapina 1 ; rdp- 

tum 2 ; spdlia 2 pi. ; exuvlsR 1 pi. 

Ep. rich, hard-earned, &c. 
(c) prize of victory, pdlma 1 ; laurus 

2 f. ; laurSa 1 ; cbrona 1. 



Ep. honourable, sought-for, famous, 
&c. 

FBIZE, to — V. act. = to esteem. 
Use prdbo 1 ; mirSr 1 ; laudo 1 ; also 
fdv?o 2 ; servo 1. 

FBOBABLE— adj., credlblUs. 

FBOBABLY— adv. Phr., he will 
probably die, m&rlturus est; he will 
probably go, Uurus est; sometimes 
nisi fdlldr 3, unless I am mistaken. 
Often use vXdSOr 2. 

FBOBE, to — V. act., scrutffr 1 ; rlmSr 
1 ; metaph. vulntis nSvdrS, vexdrS. 

FBOBITY — subst., prdbitds 3 f . ; 
bdnitds 3 f . ; fides 5. 

FBOBOSCIS — subst. Use manus 4 f. 

Ep. little, long, extended, &c. 

FBOCEED, to— V. neut. 
(o) to advance, prod?o, irr. ; procedo 3 ; 

progrSdidr 3 ; pergo 3. 
(b) followed by infinitive, pergo 3 ; 

insSqudr 3. 

FBOCESSION— subst. 
(a) poinpa 1. 

Phr., triumphal procession, trlum- 
phus 2. 
(Jb) Funeral procession, exsSqulse 1 pi. 

Ep. long, stately, proud, &c. 

FBOCLAIM, to— V. act. 
(a) edico 3 ; nuntlo 1 ; died 3 ; edo 3 ; 

viilgo 1 ; decldro 1 ; pervulgo 1 

(Lucr.). 
Qf) to reveal, det?go 3 ; patSfaclo 3 ; 

apgrlo 4 ; rScludo 3 ; profSro, irr. ; 

ostendo 3. 

FBOCUBE, to— V. act. 
(o) to obtain, paro 1 ; parto 3 ; adipls- 

cdr 3 ; pdtidr 4 ; caplo 3 ; qusero 3 ; 

cdmparo 1 ; conclllo 1 ; elaboro 1. See 

Hor. Od. HI. i. 19. 
(Jo) to bring about, efflclo 3 ; mSdltUr 

1 ; mollOr 4 ; paro 1 . 

PBODIOAL — adj., prodlgus (H.), 
luxurlosus, discinctus. 

FBOBIGAL — subst., n?pos 3 m. ; 
dScoctdr 3 m. (Cat.). 

Ep. foolish, wicked, mad, &c. 

FBODIGIOTTS— adj. 

(a) amazing, mlriis, mlrdbills, mlrdndug. 

(b) monstrous, prodlglosus, Ingens, Im- 
mdnis. 

FBODIGY — subst., monstrum 2 ; pro- 
dlglum 2 ; portentum 2 ; om^n 3 n. ; 
ostentum 2. 

Ep. heavenly, dire, strange, &c. 



PRODUCE 



( 279 ) 



PROMISE 



FBODTJCE, to — ^v. act. 
(a) to bear, pario 3 ; fffro, irr. ; effSro, 

irr. ; gigno 3 ; produco 3 ; gSnSro 1 ; 

proggngro 1 ; progigno 3 ; educo 3 ; 

edo 3. Often aid 3. 
Qi) to cause, efflclo 3 ; /ac?o 3. 
(c) to display, q. v. 

PEODITCE— subst. = fruit, (a), (6), 
(c), (fZ), q. V. 

PEODirCTIVE— adj. = fertile, q. v. 

PEOFANE— adj. 

(a) not sacred, prdfanus, prdfestus. 

(b) impious, impius, nSfdndus, scSU- 
rdtus, scSlestus, Incestus, poUutus. 
PEOFANE, to— v. act., prdfdno 1; 

vWlo 1 ; polluo 3 ; t^mSro 1 ; inquino 1 ; 
fcedo 1 ; contSmSro 1. 

PEOFANEE— subst., vlSldtSr 3 m. 

PEOFESS, to— V. act., prdfimr 2 ; 
osteiido 3. Sometimes slmulo 1. 

FEOFFEE, to— V. act. = to offer (a), 
q. V. 

FEOFFEE— subst. = offer, q. v. 

PEOFILE — subst. No exact equi- 
valent. See Face. 

PEOFIT — subst., lucrum 2. Some- 
times usm 4 ; fructus 4 ; c&mmddum 2 ; 
utllUds 3 f. 

Ep. huge, sought-for, small, &c. 

PEOFIT, to — V. act. = to benefit, 
prosum, irr. ; proflclo 3 ; jiivd 1. 

V. neut. 

(a) to gain, proflclo 3 ; prosum, irr. 
(6) to set down as profit. 

Phr., dppono 3, lucro. 

(c) to gain as profit, lucrOr 1. 
PEOFITABLE — adj., utllts, pro- 

flclens, profecturm, commSdus, bdnus, 
ulonSus, dccommC)dug, dptus, lucrosus. 

PEOFITABLY— adv., uUlligr, hgng. 

Phr., lucro mSo, &c. ; cf. Ov. B. Am. 
642. 

PEOFITLESS— adj., inutllts, irrltm, 
vdnus, Indnls. 

Phr., nil proflclens, nil prdfecturus. 

PEOFLIGATE — adj., perdltus, im- 
prdhiis, fiirpts, infdmls, dlscinctus. 

PEOFLIGATE— subst., nSpos 3 m. 

PEOFOUND— adj. 
(a) deep, dltm, prSfundm, imus. 
(c) learned, sollers, prudens, sagdx, 

doctus. 
(c) of sound, gravis. 

PEOFTJSE — adj. = lavish (a) & (h) 
q. v. 



PEOFUSION— subst. 
(a) abundance, copla 1 ; ris 3 f . 
(6) waste, luxiis 4. Usually render 

by participle, e.g. profusion of 

wealth, effusx 6pes 3 f. pi. 

PEOGENY— subst. ^ee Offspring. 

PEOGNOSTIC— subst. See Ombn. 

PEOGEESS— subst. 
(a) Iter 3 n. ; processus 4. Usually 

render by verb, q. v. 
(6) improvement. Render by verb, 

e.g. to make progress, proflclo 3. 

Phr., mglldrfio, irr. 
(c) a royal progress, perhaps pompd 1. 

PEOGEESS, to — V. neut., progrgdm 
3 ; procedo 3 ; prodSo, irr. ; pergo 3. 

PEOHIBIT, to— V. act. 
(a) to forbid, veto 1 ; prdhlbSo 2. 

Phr., Tion patiSr 3 ; won SiTio 3. 
(6) to prevent, prdhlbed 2 ; Impedio 4 ; 

prxpedlo 4 ; ofcsto 1 ; rgsisto 3 ; 

arc^o 2. 

PEOJECT — subst. = design, cmsl- 
llum 2 ; propdsltum 2 ; sententla 1 ; 
Tnens 3 f . ; anlmUs 2 ; Inceptum 2. 

Ep. bold, foolish, rash, fatal, &c. 

PEOJECT, to — V. neut., procurro 3 ; 
prdmlned 2 ; exsto 1 ; excurro 3. 

PEOJECTING— adj. = jutting, q. v. 

PEOLIFIC — adj. = fruitful (b) and 
(c), q. v. 

PEOLOGTJE— Bubst. Perhaps exor- 
dium 2. 

PEOLONG, to — V. act., produco 3; 
trahd 3 ; protraho 3 ; profgro, irr. ; ex- 
tendo 3 ; dum 3. Sometimes <ardo 1 ; 
mifrdr 1 ; rSmOfrdr 1. 

PEOMINENT— adj. 

(a) jutting, q. v. 

(b) conspicuous, prsestdns, egrggtiis, ex- 
Imliis, tnsignls. 
PEOKISCUOirS — adj., mixt&s, com- 

mlxtus, Mtifusus. Sometimes indis- 
cretus, indistinctm (Cat.). 

PEOMISE— subst. 
(a) promissum 2 ; polllcltum 2 ; pactum 

2 ; fides 5. 

Phr., to keep a promise, promissis 
sto 1 ; fldem prsesto 1 ; to break a 
promise, fldem fdllo 3, or vldld 1. Cf. 
also Ov. Her. vi. 110, cur tua polllclti 
fond&Ye verba carent. 
(6) hope, spes 5. 

Ep. sacred, foolish, sure, &c. 



PROMISE 



( 280 ) 



PROSE 



1 



" PEOMISE, to— V. act., pollicgdr 2 ; 
proxnitto 3 ; spondSo 2. Sometimes 
juro 1 ; prdfltidr 2. 

Phr. /idem do 1, or pango 3. Pro- 
mising great things, prxcldra mlndns, 
(H.). 

PEOMONTOEY— snbst. = headland, 
prdmontdrium 2 (scanned promdntor- 
jum); lingua 1. Use jutting rocks, 
procurrentia sdxa 2 pi., &c. 

PEOMOTE, to— V. act. 

(a) to forward, sicundo 1 ; fdv?6 2 ; ju- 
vo 1 ; ddjuvo 1 ; promSvSo 2 ; prdviho 
3 ; extendo 3. 

(b) to exalt, tSllo 3 ; extollo 3 ; dttdllo 
3 ; effSro, irr. ; eiJ^Zio 3 ; ediico 3 ; 
ougr^o 2 ; err^o 3. 

PEOMFT — adj., pramptm, c^l^r, dcSr, 
pardtus, alacir, strenuus, citug, festinus. 

Phr., non tardus, non segnls, &c. 

PEOMPTLY — adv. Sometimes ll- 
hentgr, sponti, ultro, contlnuo, protinus. 

Phr., nulld mdrd. 

PEONE— adj. 
(a) proniis, cerniim, prasceps. 
(fc) inclined to, pronus, dptus, IdonSus, 

dedltus. 

PEONOXTNCE, to— v. act., edo 3 ; de- 
nuntlo 1. 

Phr., to pronounce sentence upon = 
to condemn, q. v. 

PEOOF— subst. 
(a) drgumintum 2 ; mgnum 2 ; indicium 

2 ; ndUi 1 ; ddcumentum 2 ; pignua 

3n. 

Ep. certain, great, &c. 
(h) trial, expSrlentla 1 ; tentdmSn 3 n. ; 

tentdmentum 2. 
(c) to make proof of, expSrldr 4. 

PEOOF — adj., with "against," in- 
vldldbllls, tnexpHgndbilla. 

Phr., non p^netrdbllls, non sQpSrdn- 
dUs. 

PEOP, to — ^v. act., fiilclo 4 ; smttngo 
2; susfento 1. 

PEOP — subst., fulclm?n 3 n. ; dflu- 
mSn 3 n. ; firmdm?n 3 n. See, too, 
Ovid Trut. i. vi. 5. 

Ep. solid, immovable, &c. 

PEOPAOATE, to— V. act. 
(a) of animals, progSn^ro 1 ; gigno 
3 ; cr?o 1 ; prSpdgo 1 (Lucr.) ; j)ro- 
duco 3. 
(h) to extend, profgro, irr. ; extendo 3 ; 

pdndo 3 ; porrlgo 3. 



PEOPEL, to — V. act., 2)eZ/o 3; tm- 
peWo 3 ; urg?o 2 ; adurgfo 2 ; propello 3 ; 
provfho 3 ; promSv^o 2 ; agrd 3. 

PEOPENSE — adj., pronus. 

PEOPEE— adj. 
(o) one's own, prSprius, often sums. 
(6) fit, dptus, IddnSus, utills, opportunus, 

cdmmddus, habllis. Sometimes legiti- 

mus, d?cins. 

PEOPEETY— subst., res 5; Una 2 
pi. ; divUlE 1 pi. 

PEOPHECY — subst., ordculum 2; 
orddum 2 ; responsum 2 ; carman 3 n. ; 
cdrmind 3 pi. 

Phr., diorum responsa 2 pi. ; jw«8a 

2 pi. ; sorfes 3 f. pi. ; fdtidicE voces 

3 f. pi., &c. 

Ep. sure, truthful, false, &c. 
PEOPHESY, to — V. act = to fore- 
tell, prsedlco 3 ; vdticinSr 1 ; cano 3 ; 
prsecino 3 ; aiiguro 1 ; amgurSr 1 ; prx- 
mdn^o 2 ; prxnuntio 1 ; portendo 3 i 
dtfind 1. 

PEOPHET-^ubst., votes 3 m. ; t)«<r- 
clndtdr 3 m. ; au<7Mr 3 m. Often sacer- 
dos 3 m. ; aruspex 3 m. ; s^nex 3 m. 

Phr., interpr?s 3 m., d^orum; ven- 
turi prxsclus, praesdgus : Phoebi famulus 
2, &c. 

Ep. truthful, inspired, false, &c. 

PEOPHETESS — subst., vdtis 3 f. 
Sometimes sdcerdos 3 f . ; anus 4 ; Si- 
bylla 1 ; Cdssdndra 1. 

PEOPHETIC, PEOPHEnCAL—adj.v 
fdtldlcus, verldicus, prmsdgus, prxsclus, 
prmnuntlus, fdtictnus, dlvinus. 

Phr., nmi meiititurus (Ov.). 

PEOPITIATE, to — V. act., mSlllo 4 ; 
flecto 3 ; pdclflco 1 (Cat.) ; pldco 1 ; 
lenlo 4 ; mitigo 1 ; mulcio 2 ; exoro 1 ; 
plo 1 ; concillo 1. 

PEOPITIOUS — adj., favens, prxsens^ 
dexter, sicindus, bdnus, fellx, prosper, 
amicus, placldus, faustus (of things 
only). 

PEOPOSAIr— subst. = offer, q. v. 

PEOPOSE, to— v. act. = to offer (o) 
and (c), q. V. 

PEOSAIC— adj., p^dest^r (H.). 

PEOSCEIBE, to — V. act. = to con- 
demn, q. V. 

PEOSE — subst. Phr., verba 2 pL, 
sdlutd mddis = words free from metre ; 
sermo 3 m., pSdistir (H.). 



PKOSPECT 



( 281 ) 



PROVOKE 



PEOSPECT— subst. 

(a) prospectus 4. 

(h) expectation, spes 5. 

PEOSPEE, to — V. act. = to make 
happy, s^cundo 1 ; fav^o 2 ; juvo 1 ; dd- 
juvo 1 : augSo 2 ; fortuno 1 (H.). 

V. neut., valid 2 ; vlgSo 2 ; jlo- 

reo2. 

PEOSPEEITY— subst., res 5 pl^ sS- 
cundae. Goddess of prosperity, Faustl- 
t&s 3 f . 

PEOSPEEOUS— adj. 
(a) of persons, prospSrus, fellx, Isetus, 

hSdtus, fortundtus. 
(h) of things, /aw«fM8, sScundus, felix. 

PEOSTEATE — adj., jacens, stratus, 
proKtrdtOs, dffusus, humllls. 

PEOSTEATE, to — v. act. 

(a) sterno 3; prosterno 3; dejlclo 3; 
dffligo 3 ; prxclplto 1 ; proruo 3 ; de- 
tHrbo 1 ; everto 3. 

(b) to prostrate oneself, stemdr 3 ; ja- 
c?o 2 ; volvdr 3. 

Phr., me sterna 3 ; volvo 3 ; prosterno 3. 

PEOSY — adj. Perhaps ineptus, fri- 
gidus. 

PEOTEAN — adj. Use mutdbllis, va- 
rlus. 

PEOTECT, to — V. act., prot?go 3 ; 
tuSdr 2 ; defendo 3 ; tutdr 1 ; custodlo 4 ; 
servo 1 ; defenso, 1. 

Phr., prsesldio, tutelse, &c., swrw, irr. 

PEOTECTION— subst., prsesldium 2 ; 
tutela 1 ; custodia 1 ; tutdmln 3 n. 
Often arx 3 f. ; ^wrrts 3 f. ; propugnd- 
culum 2 ; munimSn 3 n. ; munimentum 2. 

Ep. powerful, sure, friendly, &c. 

PEOTECTOE — subst., tutela 1; cus- 
tos 3 m. ; tutOr 3 m. ; defensSr 3 m. ; 
servdtdr 3 m. ; servdtrix 3 f. Sometimes 
dsserUfr 3 m. 

Ep. powerful, warlike, friendly, pre- 
sent, &c. 

PEOTEST, to — V. neut. 
(a) rSpugno 1 ; rScuso 1 ; rSluctdr 1 ; 

ddversdr, 1. 
(6) to affirm, q. v. 

PEOTEACT, to — V. act., traho 3 ; jiro- 
traho 3 ; produco 3 ; extendo 3 ; prdf&ro, 
irr. Sometimes tarcZo 1 ; mOrdr 1 ; r^^- 
mdrdr 1. 

PEOTEACTED— adj., Zdnjitg, Kn«M«, 
drM<ur«M8. 

PEOITD— adj. 
(a) in good sense, superbus, Mnestus, 



dlcorus, pulcMr, nobllis, ggnSrosuSr 
ddrus, illustris, instgnis, egrSgiUs, exl- 
rnlus, prsestdns. 

(b) in bad sense, superbus, fastidiosUsy 
insSlens, tumens, tumidus, impSriosus, 
rSsupinus or drduus, (with head erect) 
sublimls, superbiens. 

Phr., fdstu eldtus or tumens, &c. 

(c) magnificent, splendldus, lautuSf 
mdgnl/icus, inslgnis, superbus, sump- 
tuosus, prStlosus, reglus, regdlls, regi- 
fieus, invldendus, egrSglus, nobllis. 
PEOUDLY — adv. Usually render 

by adj., e.g. he triumphs proudly, sU- 
perbus dvat ; or phrase, mientS superbd. 

PEOVE, to— V. act. 
(a) prSbo 1 ; drguo 3 ; vincd 3 (H.) ; os- 

tendo 3 ; indlco 1 ; monstro 1 ; prodo 

3; signified 1. 
(6) to test, tento 1 ; specto 1 ; exploro 1 ; 

prdbo 1. 

V. neut. = to result, q. v. 

PEOVED — adj., spectdtus, pr6bdtus. 

PEOVENDEE— subst. = food. q. v. 

PEOVEEB — subst., proverblum 2; 
prEceptum 2 ; nxnia 1. 

Ep. familiar, repeated, old, &c. 

PEOVIDE, to— V. act. 
(a) to prepare, paro 1 ; comparo 1 ; 

prseparo 1 ; dpparo 1 ; instruo 3 ; in- 

stltuo 3; orno 1. 
(6) to supply, prEsto 1 ; prxbffo 2 ; suf- 

flclo 3 ; mlnlstro 1 ; do 1, irr. ; sup- 

pSdlto 1 ; porrigo 3. 
(c) to provide against, cavgo 2. 

PEOVIDED THAT— conj., dummMd^ 
mddd. 

PEOVIDENCE— Bubet. 
(a) foresight, prudentla 1. 

Phr., Twens provlda. 
(6) God, q. V. _ 

PEOVIDENT — adj., prudens, cautus, 
providus, sdgdx, cdllldus. 

PEOVINCE — subst., prdvtncla 1. 
Sometimes duty, studlum 2. See 

DlTY. 

PEOVISION— subst. = food, q. v. 
PEOVOKE, to— V. act. 

(a) irrlto 1 ; lacesso 3. 

Phr., to move, kindle, awaken, 
sharpen, increase, &c., anger, rage, 
&c. 

(b) to challenge, provdco 1. 

Phr., in certdrnSn, pugnam, prcelia, 
&c., posed 3 ; v8co 1 ; or lucesso 3. 



PROW 



( 282 ) 



PULE 



PEOW — BTibst., prora 1; ses 3 n. ; 
frons 3 f. ; os 3 n. 

Ep. brazen, threatening, &c. 

PEOWESS— subst. 
(a) bravery, virtus 3 f. ; vis 3 f. ; 

constdntla 1 ; animus 2. 

Ep. manly, warlike, unconquerable, 
&c. 
(6) achievement, f acinus 3 n. ; facta 

2 pi. 

Phr., res 5, gcsta. 

'S'SXSH'L, to— V. neut., imldldr 1; 
Shamhulo 1 ; also circumgffmo 3 (lit. 
to growl round). 

PEOWLINQ— adj., vagus, pSldns, 
insididns, perhaps noctumus, furtivus. 

PEOXIMITY— subst., proximitas 3 f . 

PETJSE — subst. Phr., perhaps virgo 
3 f., tristis, iristidr, tPtrica, difficilis. 

PEUDENCE — subst., prudentla 1; 
consilium 2. 

Phr., mens hSna. See Ov. Am. i. 
ii. 31. 

PETTDENT — adj., prudens, cautus, 
provldus, sagaz, cdllldus, drcilmspectUs 
(of things). 

PETJDENTLY— adv., saplent^r, caHte. 
Usually render by adj. 

PEUDEEY — subst., sSveritds 3 f. 
(Mart.). 

PET7DISH — adj., tristls, Ktrlcus, 
difflcllls, s^verus. (Cf. Mart. x. 47, 10 ; 
Ovid A. A. i. 721). 

PEUNE, to — V. act., piitd 1 ; amputo 
1 ; depute 1 ; r^ddo 3 ; compesco 3. 

Phr., falcS prSmo 3 ; tondSo 2. See 
Cut, to, (a). Half-pruned, semlputdtus 
{Eel. ii. 70). 

PEUNEE — subst., putdtSr 3 m. ; 
frondatdr 3 m. Often falclfgr 2 ; also 
adjective. 

Ep. busv, careful, &c. 

PETTNING— subst. Eender by in- 
finitive and gerunds of pUto 1. 

PEUNING - HOOK, PEUNING - 

KNIFE— subst., /5Za; 3 f. ; ferrum 2. 

Phr., falcls acles 5 ; /aids curvamSn 
3n. 

PEY, to — V. act., with " into," rimSr 
1 ; scruiSr 1 ; exploro 1 ; sp^culdr 1. 

PEYING — adj. Perhaps avldus, 
furtivus, curlosus. 

PSALU — subst. Use cantus 4 ; car- 
man 3 n. ; nenla 1 . 

Ep. sacred, tuneful, solemn, &c. 



PSALMIST— subst. Use votes 3 m. 
Plir., rdfes 3 m. sac^r. 
PSALTERY— subst. See Harp. 
PTAEMIGAN— subst. Perhaps dt- 
tagen 3 m. ; lagols 3 f. (H.) 
PUBLIC— adj. 

(a) not private, publlcus, pdpuldrls, 
communis. 

(b) generally known, notiis, cognltus, 
cldriis, manifegtus, apertus, insignls, 
cSJShSr, inclptus, nSbllls, consplcMs. 
PUBLICLY — adv., palam, aperte, 

coram. 

Phr., dntff Oculos, sub ora vlrum. 

PUBLISH, to— V. act. 
(a) vulgo 1 ; pervulgo 1 (Lucret.) ; ed- 

ico 3 ; edo 3 ; nuntlo 1 ; died 3 ; 

jdcto 1. 
(h) to reveal, det^go 3 ; patSfaclo 3 ; 

apMo 4 ; rScludo 3 ; profSrOy irr. ; 

ostendo 3; vUlgo 1. 

PUCK — subst. Perhaps Amdr 3 m. ; 
Cupido 3 m. 

PUCKEE, to— V. act. See Wrinkle. 

PUDDLE — subst., lacuna 1. 

PUEEILE— adj. 
(a) puSrills. 
(V) foolish, ineptus, stultus, vdnus, In- 

dnis. 

PUFF — subst., of wind, fldm^n 3 n. 
fldtUs 4 ; fldbrum 2 ; spirttus 4. 

Ep. sudden, brief, &c. 

PUFF, to— V. neut. 
(a) (of the wind) fid 1 ; spiro 1 ; dd- 

spiro 1. 
(fe) to pant, anhelo 1. 

PUFF, to— with " up " = to inflate, 
injld 1. 

PUFFED OUT— adj., infldtus, used 
also of hair. (Ov. A. A. iii. 145.) 

PUFFED UP— adj., infldtus, turgens, 
tumldus, sUperbus, tumens. 

PUGILIST— subst., pUgll 3 m. ; pug- 
ndx 3 m. adj. (H.). 

PUGNACIOUS — a.Ay,pugndx, bellieSs, 
belllcdsSs, Mdrtlus, belllgSr, belldtdr 
(fern, belldtrix) fgroz, dcSr, viSlentus. 

Phr., avldus pugnm. 

PUGNACITY— subst. Phr., am^ 3 
m. ; drddr 3 m. ; studlum 2, &c. ; pugnm 
or pugndndi. 

PUISSANCE— subst. = power, q. v. 

PUISSANT— adj. = powerful, q. v. 

PULE, to — V. neut., vdgld 4 ; quSrSr 
3. 



PULING 



( 283 ) 



PURE 



PULING — adj., quSrulus, fiehllts. 

PULING — subst., vdgitus 4 ; questm 
4; quSreld 1. 

Ep. infant, tender, &c. 

PULL, to — V. act. 
(a) to drag, traho 3 ; trdcto 1 (rare in 

this sense); protraho 3, I pull 

forward ; dhdraho 3, I pull away ; 

duco 3. 
(6) to pluck, carpo 3 ; l?go 3 ; gSco 1 ; 

suhsSco 1. 

(c) to pull down, everto 3; diruo 3; 
dejicio 3 ; proruo 3 ; delio 2 ; demo- 
liOr 4 ; perdo 3 ; destruo 3. 

(d) to pull off, exMo 3 ; spHlio 1 ; nwdo 
1 ; detrdho 3 ; depdno 3 ; ^ono 3. 

(e) to pull to pieces, dllacSro 1 ; dlla- 
nio 1 ; McSro 1 ; lan'io 1 ; discerpo 3. 

(/ ) to pull up, vello 3 ; ei'eZZo 3 ; carpo 

3 ; erjpto 3. [to. 

(g) to pull an oar, remigo 1. /See Row, 

PULL — subst., trdctus 4; nisus 4; 
condmSn 3 n. ; condtus 4. 

Ep. strong, excessive, &c. 

PULLET— subst., ^m/Ws 2. 

PULLEY— subst., trdchled 1 (Lu- 
cret.). Cf. also Hor. OtZ. in. x. 10; 
Eph. I. X. 48. 

PULP— subst. 
(a) a shapeless mass, offa 1. 
(&) the inside of fruit, succus 2. 

PULPIT — subst. Use rostra 2 pi. ; 
or suggestus 4 (no good poetical au- 
thority. 

PULPY— adj. = soft, q. v. [q. v. 

PULSATE, to— V. neut. = to throb, 

PULSE— subst. 

(a) vend 1. 

Ep. throbbing, full, &c. 

(b) (vegetable) Ugum?n 3 n. ; puis 3 f. 
(Juv.). Cf. Hor. Sat. i. vi. 115. 
PULVEBIZE, to — V. act., commtnuo 

3 ; contundo 3 ; contSro 3 ; tSro 3. 

PUMICE — subst., pumex 3 m. 

adj., pumlcSus. 

PUMP — subst., substitute well, q. v. 

PUMP, to — V. act. haurlo 4; ex- 
haurlo 4 ; trdho 3 (dquam). 

PUMPKIN — subst., cucurbltd 1 
(Prop.). 

Ep. swollen, yellow, &c. 

PUNCHBOWL— subst., crdter 3 m.; 
crdterd 1. 

PUNCHEON — subst., ddltum 2 ; 
cddus 2. 



PUNCTUAL— adj. 

(a) exact, rigidus, durUs, siverSs, sedU- 
lus. 

(b) (of time) vrnturus. 

PUNGENT — adj., dspSr, amdrus, 
acerbus, dcSr, morddx. 
PUNISH, to— V. act. 

(a) to chastise, punXo 4 (Prop.); 
cdstlgo 1 ; plecto 3. 

Phr., pS&nds sumo 3 ; rSposco 3 ; 
exlgo 3 ; pcind dfficXo 3 ; exercSo 2, &c. 

(b) to take vengeance for, uldscdr 3 ; 
vtndicd 1. 

PUNISHEB — subst., ultdr 3 m.; 
vindex 3 m. 

Ep. just, stem, cruel, &c. 

PUNISHMENT — subst., pcena 1; 
suppliclum 2; vindictd 1. Sometimes 
multd 1, a fine. 

PUNT— subst., c^mbd 1 ; lint^r 3 f. 

PUNY — adj., extguus, pdrvus, piisil- 
lus, minimus, perpdrvus (Lucret.). 

PUPIL— subst. 
(a) (of the eye) pupuld 1 ; pupilld 1 

(Lucr.) ; dcies 5. 
(6) scholar, discipulus 2 ; perhaps audi- 

Wr 3 m. 

PUPPET— subst. 
(a) pupd 1 (Persius). 
(6) (used contemptuously). Perhaps 

ludlbrlum 2. 

PUPPY— subst., cdtuliis 2 ; cdtellm 2 
(H., Mart.). 

Ep. playful, soft, &c. 
_PUBBLIND— adj., h^gs, hmtdtus, 
csecus, metaph. See Stupid. 

PUBCHASE, to — V. act. = to buy, 
Smo 3 ; cdgnw 3 ; mercdr 1 ; pdro 1 ; 
compdro 1. 

PUBCHASE — subst., merx 3 f. ; 
merces 3 f. pi. 

PUBCHASEABLE — adj., vendlis, 
mercdbtlis. 

PUBCHASEB— subst., emptdr 3 m. 

PUBE— adj. _ 

(a) clean, mundus, lautus, purus, nlti- 

dUs. 
(h) innocent, purus, sdnctus, inndcens, 

insons, immunts, cdstus, plus, intSgSr, 

intSm^rdtus, incorruptus. 

Phr., sinS lab?, = stainless. 

(c) chaste, cdstus, pudicUs, virgXnSus, 
vSrecundus, intSmirdtus, purus, intdc- 
tu8, sdnctus. 

(d) undiluted, mortis, m^rdcus (Prop.). 



PURELY 



( 284 ) 



PUT 



FUBELY — adv., pure, pie, caste, 
tancti. 

PURFLED — adj . = embroidered, ptc- 
tus, picturdtus. 

FUBGE, to — ^v. act. 
(a) to cleanse, purgo 1 ; lavo 1 and 3 ; 

i3)lud 3 ; eluo 3 ; tergSo 2. 
(ft) in religious sense, lustro 1 ; purgo 

1 ; perhaps spargo 3. 
(c) to acquit, solvo 3 ; dbsolvo 3 ; purgo 

1 ; Ubiro 1. 

PUBIFY, to— V. act. 

(a) to cleanse, q. v. 

(b) to sanctify, lustro 1 ; purgo 1. 

(c) of metals, excdquo 3 ; purgo 1. 
PTTEITY— subst. 

(a) chastity, cdstitds 3 f. ; pGdicltla 1 ; 
virglnltds 3 f . 

Phr., tn<a pudica, mens casta, &c. 
Ep. stainless, white, &c. 

(b) innocence, plStds 3 f . ; prifbHtas 3 f. 
Phr., Tnens 3 f., conscia recti; mens 

3 f., fraudis, scSlSrls, &c., expers, im- 
munU, &c. 

Ep. sacred, simple, &c. 

PUBL, to — V. neut., tr^pldo 1 ; 
etisurro 1. 

PTJELING— adj., trffpidans, trgpldus, 
susiirrans, Idqudx, garrulus. 

PTJELOIN, to — ^v. act. = to steal, q. v. 

PTJBFLE — adj., purpurSus, punic^vs, 
ostrinus (Prop.). 

Phr., ostro, v?nend, &c., imbutHs, tinc- 
tus, madidus, madPfactus, illitm. 

PUBPLE— subst. 

(a) purpura 1 ; ostrum 2 ; murex 3 m. ; 
fucus 2 ; ferrugo 3 f . 

Phr., concha Sidonis. 

Ep. bright, rich; or local epithets, 
e.g. Tyrian (TprlSs), Sidoniau (^Si- 
donlus), Laconian (Laconicus), &c. 

(b) royal attire. Use trab^a 1. 

Phr., purpura 1, regum ; purpura 
Testes 3 pi. ; regdlis culius 4. 

PITBFOBT — subst., vis 3 f., irr. 
Sometimes sententla 1. See Mean, to, 
and Meaning. 

FUBFOSE — subst., consilium 2 ; pro- 
pdsUum 2 ; mens 3 f . ; sententla 1 ; 
animus 2. 

Phr., on purpose, prOdens. See 
Ptjrposelt ; In usum Isetltlse = for the 
purpose of enjoyment 

Ep. settled, doubtful, rash, prudent, 

&0. 



FUEFOSE, to— V. act., mgdltdr 1 ; 
molldr 4 ; strGo 3 ; paro 1 ; coglto 1 ; 
agito 1 ; volvd 3 ; texo 3 ; destlno 1 . 

FUBPOSED— adj., delib^rStus. 

FTJEPOSELESS-^adj., incertUs, du- 
bliis, irrltiis. 

FTJBPOSELY— adv., conslllo, consvito 
(Prop.). 

FXJBFTJBEAL— adj. = purple, q. v. 

PTJBB, to — v. neut., murmuro 1 ; 
susurro 1. 

FXTBR — subst., murmur 3 n. ; susur* 
rUs 4. 

Ep. soft, bland, contented, &c. 

PUBSE— subst. Perhaps IdcUli 2 pi. 
(Mart.); crumena 1 (H.); j^ra 1 
(Mart.); sdcculus 2 (Mart., Cat.)," 
slniis 4 pi. 

PUBSTIE, to — V. act. 

(a) sgqu^r 3 ; ins?qudr 3; pers?qudr 3; 
ago 3 ; aglto 1 ; pello 3 ; exaglto 1 } 
sectdr 1 ; urgSo 2 ; prSmo 3 ; adurgSo 2. 

(b) to practise, exercSo 2 ; ago 3 ; aglto 
1 ; trdcto 1. 

(c) to aim at, p?td 3 ; s?qudr 3. 
FUBSUEB — subst. ^c Enemy or 

Conqueror. Often render by instoTis, 
terga prPmens or slquens, &c. 

PUBSTJING— adj., slqudx. 

FUBSUIT— subst. 
(a) Use fuga 1 (lit. the flight). 

Ep. swift, eager, &c. 
(6) e.g. the pursuit of gain, studlum 

2 ; am/k 3 m. ; drdSr 3 m. ; cupido 3 f. 

Ep. keen, burning, mad, &c. 

FUBSY — adj., anhelus, dbesiis, pin- 
guls. 

FITBVEY, to — V. act. = to provide 
(6), q. V. 

PUSH, to — ^v. act., impello 3 ; Urg^o 
2 ; trudo 8 ; propeUo 3 ; protrUdo 3 (to 
push forward) (Lucret.); detrudd 3 
(to push off). 

PUSH — subst., impetus 4; impulsUs 
4 ; vis 3 f . ; nisus 4 ; condtus 4 ; cond' 
mSn 3 n. 

Ep. mighty, violent, feeble, &c. 

FUSS— subst., felis 3 f. 

PUSTULE — subst., papQlS 1. . 

PUT, to — V. act. 
(a) to place, pond 3 ; Idco 1 ; statUo 3 ; 

colldco 1 ; constltuo 3. 
(6) to put against, oppono 3. 

(c) to put apart, sepono 3 ; secerno 3. 

(d) to put away, rSpono 3 ; condo 3. ' 



PUTREFY 



( 285 ) 



QUALM 



(e) to put back = to restore, rgpono 3 ; 
reddo 3 ; restltuo 3. 

(/) to put before, (1) prxpono 3; (2) = 
to prefer, q. v. 

(g) to put down, depono 3 ; (1) = to 
crush, prSmo 3 ; opprimo 3 ; (2) = to 
degrade, dejlcio 3 ; demltto 3. 

(A) to put forth, (1) of a plant, trudo 3 ; 
emitto 3 ; (2) = to employ, utdr 3 ; 
adhib?u 2 ; exercSo 2. 

(i) to put off, (1) of garments, exuo 3 ; 
pono 3 ; depono 3 ; (2) = to defer, 
diffSro, irr. ; mdrdr 1. 

(J) to put on, (1) impono 3; (2) of 
clothes, induo 3 ; indued 3. 

(Ji) to put out, (1) exsSro 3 ; exserto 1 ; 
(2) of a plant, trudo 3 ; emitto 3 ; (3) 
= to extinguish, extingud 3 ; restin- 
guo 3 ; (4) = to expel, pello 3 ; ex- 
pello 3 ; ejtcio 3 ; (5) at usury, pdno 
3 ; expendo 3 (H.). 

(i) to put over, prxftcio 3 ; prsepono 3. 

(m) to put to death = to kill, q. v. 

(n) to put together, (1) = to accumu- 
late, compono 3 ; (2) = to compare, 
q. V. 

(o) to put under, suppono 3 ; sUbjlcIo 3. 

(p) to put up, (1) with "with," = to 
endure, q. v. ; (2) for sale = to sell, 
q. V. ; (3) of game, exclo 4 ; excito 1 ; 
commdvSo 2. 

{q) to put upon, impono 3 ; injlclo 3. 
V. neut. 

(a) to put forth or out (of a ship), 
egrgdidr 3 ; exSo, irr. ; ezcedo 3. 
Often by phrases, e.g. vela do, irr. ; 
or pdndo 3 ; portum rSlinquo 3 ; 
littdrS solvdr 3, &c. 

(b) to put in (of a ship) dppello 3; 
dppelldr 3 ; dpplicdr 1 ; dlldbdr 3 ; 
ddvertSr 3; ddvSMr 3; ddno 1. 
Phr., portum suhSo, irr. ; m^o, irr. ; 

intro 1 ; ?t«u8 tango 3, or contingo 3 ; 
<err« proram ddverto 3, &c. 

PTJTEEFY, to— V. neut., <a?)^'o 2; 
tdhesco 3 ; corrumpdr 3 ; putrSfio, irr. ; 
putresco 3 (H.); i^rtr^r 1. 

PTITEEFYING, PUTBID — adj., ^- 
<r?8, tdbidus, putrifdctus, corruptus, vt- 
ttdtis, carlosUs. 

PUZZLE, to — V. act. = to perplex, 
q. V. 

PUZZLING— adj. = difficult, dubiiis, 
dmbiquus, incertus, dnceps. \ 

P^GMY— subst. SeeFiQNt. 



PYGM.SAN — adj. See Pigmean. 

FYBAMID — subst., pyramU 3 f. 

Ep. airy, sublime, royal or local epi- 
thet, Pharian {Pharlus), Egyptian 
(^Mgyptlus), &c. 

PYllE — subst., rOgus 2 ; pprd 1. 
Sometimes hmtum 2 ; sSpulchrum 2 ; 
tumulus 2. 

Ep. piled-up, high, kindled, mourn- 
ful, &c. 

PYTHON— subst. 

(a) the serpent slain by Apollo, Python 
3. 

(b) any huge serpent, cdliibffr 2 ; ser- 
pens 3 m. ; dnguis 3 m. ; draco 3 m. 
Ep. huge, poisonous, deadly, &c. 



QUACK — subst., planus (H.) ; (medi- 
cal), phr., simuldtSr drtls. 

QUACK, to— V. neut. Use strSpo 3; 
strSpito 1. 

QUADRANGLE— subst., drSa 1. 

QUADKUPED— subst., anXmal 3 n.; 
quhdrupes 3 m. (but this is nearly al- 
ways used to mean a horse). 

QUADRUPED— adj., quadrupedans. 

QUAFF, to — V. act. See Drink, to. 

QUAGMIRE— subst., palus 3 f . ; stdg- 
num 2. 

Ep. muddy, moist, &c. 

QUAIL — subst., cdturnix 3 f. 

QUAIL, to — V. neut., trSpido 1; 
trSmo 3 ; trSmisco 3. Often labo 1 ; 
sUccido 3. Often with " before " = to 
fear, q. v. 

QUAINT — adj. = unusual, mirUt, 
insOlitus, insuetus, indssuetus. 

QUAKE, to — V. neut., tr^pido 1 ; 
tr^mo 3 ; contrSmo 3 ; trSmisco 3 ; hor- 
rSo 2 ; pSrhorresco 3 ; labo 1. 

QUAKING — adj., trSpldus, trSmulus, 
trSmSbiindus, tremens, trSmiscens, trSpl- 
ddns, motus, agUdtus. 

QUALITY— subst. Eender by qud- 
lls, e.g. tell me his qualities, dia mlht 
sit qudlis. 

QUALM— subst. 
(o) Idngudr 3 m. ; morbut 2 ; difWr 3 

m. 
(6) qualms of conscience, use stim&li 

2 pi. (goads); morsus 4 (bite); tU- 



QUANTITY 



( 286 ) 



QUICK 



J 



multus 4 (tumult); Tnentls, animi, 

&c. 

QUANTITY— Bubst., m 3 f. ; copla 1. 

QUARREL— Bubst., rixa 1 ; lis 3 f. ; 
jurgium 2 ; certdm^n 3 n. ; pugnd 1 ; 
discrimin 3 n. 

Ep. sudden, bloody, baseless, mad, 
&c. 

QUARREL, to — v. neut., rtxHr 1 
(H.) ; jurgo 1 (H.) ; pugno 1 ; contendo 
3; dimlco 1 ; certo 1. 

'Phr.,jurgia necto 3. 

QUARRELSOME — adj., iracundHs, 
litlglosus, ealidus, sUfmachosus (H.). 

Phr., pronus ad iram, irdsci cSlSr, 
impatlens irse, &c. 

QUARRY— subst. 
(a) prey, prmda 1. 
(&) stone quarry, laUhnlB 1 pi. (Plau- 

tus). 

QUARRY, to— V. act., effddto 3. 

QUART — subst. Use flagon, q. v. 

QUARTER— subst. 

(a) fourth part. 

Phr., pars 3 f. ; quarta. 

(b) region, trdctus 4 ; r^gio 3 f. ; pars 
3 f. ; Idcus 2 ; plaga 1. 

Phr., ccelestia templa 2 pi. = 
heavenly quarters or regions (Lu- 
cretius). 

(c) quarters = lodging. Use IwspUlum 
2, tectum 2. 

(d) quarters (of soldiers), winter, 
hiberna 2 pi. ; summer, Estiva 2 pi. 

(e) to give quarter = to spare, q. v. 
(/) to cry " quarter " = to beg for 

life or mercy, q. v. 

Phr., vitam posed, supplex brdchiS 
tendo, victofis ftdem imploro, &c. 

QUARTZ — subst. Use sllex 3 f. 

QUASH, to — ^v. act., abrdgo 1 ; re- 
sdndo 3. 

QUATRAIN — subst., telrdstichSn 2 n. 
(Mart.). 

QUAVER, to — ^v. neut., trSpltdo 1; 
trSmo 3 ; trSmisco 3. 

QUAVERING— adj., trSptdUs, trSmU- 
lus, tremens. 

QUAY — subst., crSpido 3 f. ; some- 
times pila 1 f. 

Ep. stone, marble, solid, &c. 

QUEEN — subst., regina 1. Often 
ddmlna 1 ; Mra 1. 

Ep. proud, benignant, beloved, fair, 
&c. 



QUEENLIKE^ QUEENLY — adj., 

reglus, regdlis, augmtus, vSrendQs. 

QUEER — adj. Perhaps ndvUs, 
mirus. 

QUELL, to— v. act. 

(a) to calm, sedo 1 ; sffreno 1 ; sterno 3 ; 
pond 3 ; lenlo 4 ; compesco 3. 

(b) to restrain, pr^mo 3 ; opprXmo 3 ; 
cShlhSo 2 ; freno 1 ; rSfreno 1 ; eSer- 
cSo 2 ; mdd?rdr 1. 

QUENCH, to— V. act. 
(a) of fire, &c. restinguo 3 ; exstinguo 3 ; 

eomprlmo 3 ; obruo 3 ; compesco 3 ; 

sedo 1. 
(6) of thirst, restinguo 3 ; rScr?o 1 ; 

sedo 1 ; compesco 3 ; ISvo 1 ; rSlivo 

1 ; expUo 2 ; pello 3 ; extinguo 3. 

QUENCHLESS— adj. 
(a) of fire, &c., inextincMs ; perhaps 

pSrennis, immortdlis, perpetuus, xter- 

nGs, vivus, vivldus. 
(6) of thirst, &c., imxstinctus, in- 

satldbllls, inexsaturdhills, tnexpletGs ; 

perhaps perpetuus, seternus. 

Phr., non satldndm, non explenditSf 
&c. 

QUERULOUS— adj., quffrulus, qxiS- 
rens, flebiUs ; sometimes difficllls. 

QUERY — subst. See Question. 

QUEST — subst. Sometimes may be 
rendered by studium : usually by a 
verb or participle, e.g. to go in quest 
of fame =fdmam quErSrS; to follow 
the quest of gain = lucra sSqui ; aid 
me in mv quest, qtixrenti succurrS, &c. 

QUESTION— subst. 

(a) qusssitum 2 will usually render it. 
Often turn by verb or participle, 
e.g. to answer my question, respon- 
derS rdgdnti (lit. to answer me 
questioning), that is the question, 
hoc quxrltur, rdgdtur. 

(b) dispute or controversy, rixa 1 ; 
jurgtum 2 ; lisZ f. 

(c) torture, tormentum 2 ; crucidtUs 4. 
QUESTION, to— V. act. 

(a) to doubt, q. v. 

Phr., it is questioned, dmhtgitur. 

(b) to ask questions of, percontdr 1 ; 
rdgo 1 ; rSglto 1 ; interrSgo 1 ; qusero 
3 ; exquiro 3 ; sdtdr 1. 

QUICK— adj. 
(a) alive, vlvus, spirdns. 
ifj) swift, cSUr, dcSr, ISvts, agllis, perniXy 

implgSr, cltus, velox, rapldus. 



QUICK 



( 287 ) 



QUOTIDIAN 



QTTICK — adv., cU6, citlus, octus, prd- 
p^re, prdpffrdntius, velocltSr. The par- 
ticiple prOpSratus is used almost adver- 
bially in Verg. Georg. i. 196. (Cf. 
r^pStitus.') 

QITICK — subst. Phr., to the qiiick, 
ad vivum (Verg. Georg. iii. 442). 

QUICKEN, to — V. act. 

(a) to vivify, dnimo 1. 

Phr., vitam do, irr. ; suscUd 1. 

(b) to hasten, prdpSro 1 ; deprSpSro 1 ; 
Tndturo 1 ; cSlSro 1 ; dcc.SUro 1 ; urgSo 
2 ; prSmo 3 ; festino 1. 

(c) to exist, acuo 3 ; dccendo 3 ; excito 1 ; 
gtlmiilo 1 ; exsttmulo 1 ; exucud 3 ; 
ciSo 2 ; concito 1. 
QTJICZ-EYED— adj. Perhaps vigil, 

drrectus, dcSr. 

ftlTICKLY— adv. 
(a) quick, q. v. 
(6) soon, mox, citd, hrSvi, protlnus. 

Phr., nulla mdrd, pdsitd mdrd. 

QUICKNESS— subst. = speed, UvUds 
3 f. Often impStus 4 ; cursus 4. 

QUICKSAND— subst., Si/rtis 3 f. 

Ep. dangerous, deadly, inhospitable, 
shipwrecking, &c. 

QUICKSCENTED— adj., sagdx, Sdo- 
rus. 

Phr., ndrtbus utilts. 

QUICKSET— adj. Phr., a quickset 
hedge. Use spinse 1 pi. ; sepes 3 f. 

QUICKSILVER — subst. Perhaps 
drgentum vivum (Ausonius). 

QUICKWITTED— adj., versutus, sa- 
gdx, cdllidus, ing^niosus, vafSr, subtilis 
(H.), acutus (H.), catus (H.). 

QUIESCENCE— subst. = repose, q. v. 

QUIESCENT, QUIET— adj., placidus, 
trdnquilliis, quietus, quiescens, Immotus, 
pldcdtus, pdcdtus, sSrenm. 

QUIET — subst., quies 3 f. ; rSquies 5 ; 
pax 3 f. ; otium 2. Often sllentium 2 ; 
taciturnUds 3 f . 

Ep. peaceful, longed-for, short, &c. 

QUIET, to — V. act. = to appease, 
pldco 1 ; lenio 4 ; mitigo 1 ; mulc?o 2 ; 
sMo 1 ; compesco 3 ; trdnqulllo 1 (H.). 

QUIETLY — adv., taclte, furtim, leni- 
ter, lenS. 

Phr., tactto pgd?, cum pdcS. Some- 
times mddSrdte, rndd^rdtlus. 

QUIETNESS, QUIETUDE — subst. 
See Quiet. 



QUILL — subst. 
(a) wing, pennd 1 ; dla 1 ; pluinS 1. 

Ep. sublime, swift, quivering, &c. 
(h) for writing. See Pen. 
(c) for playing the lyre, plectrum 2; 

pectin 3 m. 

Ep. ivory, &c. 

QUILT — subst. See Coverlet. 

Quince — subst., Cydonlum 2 
(Mart.) ; mdlum 2 (Verg. Eel. ii. 51). 

QUINSY— subst., dngina 1. 

QUINTESSENCE — subst., phr. pdrs 
3 f., qulntd (H. Od. i. xiii. 16). 

QUIP — subst., dictum 2 ; dicterium 2 
(Mart.) ; sales 3 m. pi. (Mart.) ; jdcus 2. 

Ep. witty, bitter, sudden, &c. 

QUIEE— subst. See Choir. 

QUIT, to — V. act., desSro 3 ; rSlinquo 
3; linquo 3; destituo 3. Often ab^o, 
irr. ; discedo 3 ; excido 3 ; prdflciscdr 3. 

QUIT — adj., libgr, sUlutus, vacuus. 

QUITE — adv., pSnttUs, fundttus, 6m- 
nino. Often rendered by de or p?r in 
composition, e.g. defessus, devictus,pSre- 
sus, permdgnus, &c. 

QUIVEB — subst., pharetra 1, cory- 
tus 2. 

Ep. full, resounding, capacious, 
gilded, ivory; or local epithets, e.g. 
Cretan (Gnosslus), &c. 

QUIVER, to— v. neut., trffmo 3 ; trg- 
pldo 1 ; pdlpito 1 ; trSmisco 3 ; contrSmo 
3 ; agitffr 1 ; intrSmo 3 ; mlco 1 ; used 
of fire, the heart, a pulse, a serpent's 
tongue, &c. 

QUIVER-BEARING, QUIVERED— 
adj., pharetrdtus. * 

Phr., pharetra insignXs, sucdnctiis, dS- 
corus ; pharetram gestdns or gSrens. 
Sometimes sagittifSr, arrow-bearing. 

QUIVERING— adj., trSpldus, trSmu- 
lus, tremens, trSpiddns, agltdtus, micdns, 
trSm^undus. Sometimes lentus; of 
light, incertus, cdruscus. 

QUOIT — subst., discus 2 ; perhaps 6r- 
bis 3 m. 

QUOTE, to— V. act. Use m^mifro 1 ; 
r^fgro, irr. 

QUOTH -^v. neut, quoth he = he 
says or he said, dictt, ait, inquit, rSfert, 
&c. 

QUOTIDIAN— adj. = daily, q. v. 



RABBIT 



( 288 ) 



RAIN 



R 



BABBIT — subst., cunlculus 2 (Mart.). 

BABBLE — subst., vulgus 2 n. ; plebs 
3 f. : pdpelliis 2 (H.) ; plibecald 1 (H.) ; 
turba 1. 

Ep. crowded, idle, noisy, &c. 

BABID — adj. = mad (a), q. v. 

BACE— subst. 
{a) family, gens 3 f. ; g^nus 3 n. ; stirps 

3 f . ; sanguis 3 m. Often dSmus 2 

and 4 f . 

Ep. ancient, illustrious, warlike, &c. 
Q)) descendants, s6b8les 3 f . ; proles 3 f . ; 

prdpdgo 3 f . ; progSnles 5. Use also 

fillus 2 ; ndtus 2 ; nSpos 3 m. ; postgS- 

niti 2 pi. ; mlnores 3 pi. ; postSri 2 pi. ; 

postSrltds 3 f . 

Ep. numerous, worthy, &c. 

(c) contest in speed, cursus 4 ; certamSn 
3 n. Often pSdes 3 m. pi. 

Ep. eager, swift, frantic, panting, &c. 

(d) of the tide, use xstus 4. 
BACE, to — V. neut. 

(a) certo 1 ; contendo 3. Usually with 
cursu, pSdib&s. 

(b) to hasten, q. V. 

Phr., corrlpiunt cdmpum, they race 
over the plain. 

BACE-COUBSE — subst., curriculum 
2 ; spatla 2 pi. ; circus 2. 

Ep. dusty, thronged, noisy, &c. 

BACE-HOBSE, BACEB— subst. Use 
Squus 2; with epithets, e.g. velox, gS- 
nkrosus. 

Phr., qui eursu pSdum v&lSt. 

BACK — subst. 

(a) manger, prxsepS 3. 

(b) drifting cloud, use n^ulse 1 pi. ; 
nubila 3 pi. ; nubes 3 f. 

(c) torture, tormentum 2 ; crucldtus 4. 
BACK, to — V. act. = torture, torquSo 

2 ; cruclo 1 ; dngo 3 ; excrucio 1 (Cat.) ; 
•dlscruclo 1 (Cat.). 

BACKING — adj. = cruel, q. v. 

BACT — adj., g^nSrosus. 

BADIANCE, BADIANCY — subst., 
splendor 3 m. ; nltdr 3 m. ; fulgdr 3 m. ; 
lux 3 f . ; lumSn 3 n. 

Ep. heavenly, glittering, pure, &o. 

BADIANT — adj., nlttdus, splendidus, 
splendens, nitens, fulgens, lucidus, cdrus- 
cus, micdns, cdruscdns, radians. 



BADIATE, to — V. act. Phr., radios, 
jubar, lucem, &c. ; mitto 3 ; emitto 3 ; 
reddo 3 ; spdrgo 3, &c. 

V. neut., radio 1 ; mlco 1 ; 

cdrusco 1. 

BADISH— subst., rddlx 3 f. 

BAFT — Bubst. Perhaps rails 3 f. 

Phr., contextse trabes 3 pi. ; pinSa 
texts 2 pi. 

BAFTEB— subst., trabs 3 f. 

BAG — subst., pdnnus 2. 

Ep. torn, squalid, &c. 

BAOE — subst., /ur^fr 3 m. ; rahles 5 ; 
ira 1 ; bills 3 f. ; impOtentld 1. 

Ep. mad, unbridled, fierce, &c. 

BAOE, to — V. neut., /wrd 3; insdnlo 
4 ; lymphSr 1 ; Estuo 1 ; inEstuo 1 ; 
ssevlo 4 ; desxvlo 4 ; bdcchSr 1 ; debdcchOr 
1 ; to rage anew, rSstevlo 4. 

BAGGED— adj. 

(a) pdnnosus (Juv.j. 

(b) of rocks, scabSr, scrupSus, dspSr, 
horrens. 

BAGING — adj., furlosus, furens,fiirl- 
dtus,furlbundus, demens, dmens, InsdnGs, 
lymphdtus, frSmSbundus. 

Phr., fuTorS or funis incensiis, stlmii- 
Idtus, ciecus, &c. 

BAGOTTT — subst. Perhaps/ercfiZwm 
2 (H.) ; mdretum 2. 

BAID — subst., incursus 4; discursUs 
4 ; impHus 4. 

BAIL, BAILING— subst. = barrier, 
perhaps linSa 1 ; cdncelli 2 pi. 

BAIL, to — V. act., with " at " or 
" against," = to abuse, (6), q. v. 

BAILING — subst., convicla 2 pi. ; 
probrd 2 pi. ; jurgla 2 pi. (Ov. Met. 
iii. 261, 262 ; Verg. Eel. v. 11). 

BAILLEBY— subst. Use sSles 3 m. 
pi. ; jdciis 2. 

Ep. cruel, unscrupulous, &c. 

BAIMENT— subst., vestls 3 f. ; vesti- 
tus 4 ; vestimentum 2 ; amictus 4 ; 
veldmSn 3 n. ; Often of gorgeous 
raiment, use cultus 4 ; orndtus 4 ; pur- 
pura 1 ; ostrum 2 ; dark raiment, pulld 
2 pi. 

Ep. purple, proud, royal, &c. 

BAIN, to — V. neut., pZwii, impers.= 
it rains. 

Phr., imbSr 3 m. ; plUvXa 1, &c. ; dtdlt^ 
decldlt, demittltur, descendlt, fundltiir, 
&c. To rain upon, impluo (with dat.). 

V. act., to pour down as rain. 



( 289 ) 



RANGE 



defundo 3 ; demltto 3 ; dejlcio 3 ; mlttu 
3 ; fundu 3 ; prSfundo 3 ; efundo 3. 

BAIN — Bubst., Imher 3 m. ; pluvia 1. 

Phr., aquii 1, pluvia 1, coelestls, 
&c. 

Ep. brief, continuous, cold, refresh- 
ing, fertile, &c. 

RAINBOW — subst., drcus 4; Jris 
3 f., of. Verg. Mi. iv. 700, 701. 

Ep. many-hued, (verslcSWr, varlus), 
heavenly, brief, water}', &c. 

BAINY — adj., pluvlus, pluvidlis, Im- 
brifer, inudtdus, madens, aqudticus, 
aquoms. 

BAISE, to — V. act. 

(a) to lift, toUo, irr. ; extollo, irr. ; 
attollo, irr. ; erlgo 3 ; levo 1 ; sublevo 
1 ; eff^ro, irr. ; ullevo 1. 

(b) to promote, toUd, irr. ; effSro, irr. ; 
evSho 3 ; educo 3 ; augSo 2. 

(c) to excite, exctto 1 ; i?ict<J 1 ; suscito 
1 ; ci'eo 2 ; cuncUd 1 ; stimulo 1 ; 
exstimulo 1 ; dccendo 3. 

(fi) of a ghost, excio 4 ; er^cJ 1 ; cl^o 2 ; 

ellcto 3. 
(e) to raise a cry, tollo, irr. ; etZo, 3 ; 

mltto 3 ; emitto 3 ; ingSmino 1 ; 

ff^ro 1. 
C/) of troops = to levy (a), q. v. 
(g) to grow, c5Zo 3 ; Slo 3 ; nutrio 4 ; 

/^r^o 2. Often sero 3 ; consgro 3 ; 

poreo 3. 
(A) to raise a siege, obstdionem 3 f., 

solvo 3, Smitto 3. 

BAISIN — subst. Phr., pdssus race- 
miis 2 ; lit. dried grape. 

BAISIN WINE— subst., possum 2. 

BAKE— subst. 

(a) pecten 3 m. Perhaps sdrculum 2 
(a hoe). 

(i) spendthrift, n^j30S 3 m. 

BAKE, to— V. act. 
(6) to rake together = to collect, 

q. V. 

BALLIES — adj., rSfectus, rSndvdtus, 
rScrSdtus. 

BALLY, to— V. neut. 
(«) Phr., 8^0 1 ; cursu desisto 3 ; fugam 

vinitto 3 ; ad signa r?d?o, irr. ; con- 

curro 3 ; conjlud 3 ; rejluo 3, &c. 

(b) to regain strength, convalesco 3. 
iSee Revive, to. 

V. act. 

(ji) Thr., fugam slstd 3; fugdces rSvGco 
1 ; pugnam rSndvo 1 ; or instaMro 1. 



(6) to banter playfully, rlsu lacesso 3 ; 

cdrpo 3 ; cdstigo 1 ; cdrrlplo 3. 

BAM — subst. 
(a) ari'es 3 m. (gen. arietls, scanned 

drjetls'). 

Phr., grSgXs maritus 2, rrr 2, dwo; 
3 m., &c. 

Ep. homed, proud, fleecy, &c. 
(6) battering ram, arles 3 m. Use also 

hdlllsta 1 (answering to our siege ar- 
tillery). (Ov. Trist. I. ii. 48). 

Ep. iron, heavy, repeated (crebSr), 
&c. 

BAM, to — v. act., pulso 1 ; sSlldo 1. 

BAMBLE, to — V. neut., vagdr 1; 
erro 1 ; pdldr 1. Often /(?r^, irr. 

BAMBLE — subst. Perhaps errdr 
3 m. 

Phr., via 1 ; it^r 3 n. ; with epithets 
such as devliis, secur&s. 

BAMBLINCr — adj., vagus, devius, in- 
certus. 

Phr., tSmSrS errdns, sinS legS vagdns, 
&c. 

BAMPANT— adj. Use sgqudx, Ids- 
civus (of the growth of vine or ivy). 

BAMPABT — subst., munlmin 3 n. ; 
murus 2 ; mcenla 3 pi. ; munlmentum 2 ; 
propugndculum 2 ; dgggr 3 m. ; vallum 2. 

Phr., dggSr 3 m., murarum. 

Ep. solid, stone, lofty, impregnable, 
&c. 

BAMPIBED — adj., munltus. 

BANCID— adj., rdncidus (H.), tetgr, 
gravis. 

BANCOBOUS — adj. = malignant, 
q. V. 

BANCOTJB— subst. = malice, q. v. 

BANDOM — adj., Um^rdrlus, prmceps, 
Inconsultus, incautus, caecus. 

BANDOM — adv., at random, tgTnSrS. 

Phr., sinS legS, nulld legS or ration^, 
nullo ordinS, nulld consillo (Prop.). 
Sometimes cdsu, fortS. 

BANGE, to— V. act. 
(n) to arrange, drdino 1 ; Instrm 3 ; dls- 

pono 3. 
(fc) to rove over, lustro 1 ; percurrd 3 ; 

dbSo, irr. ; pffrdgro 1 ; pSrerro 1. 

V. neut. = to roam, q. v. 

BANGE— subst. 
(a) (of a dart), jdctus 4. 
(&) (of mountains). 

Phr., drdo 3 m., monttum; cdntlnui 
mdntes 3 m. pi. See Mountain. 
u 



RANGER 



( 290 ) 



RAVAGE 



EANGEE— subst. Use custos 3 m. ; 
tutela 1, &c. 

BANK— adj. 
(a) over luxuriant, ahunddns, luxuridns. 

Sometimes nlmlus, immOdicus, &c. 
(6) rancid, tet^r, gravis, virosus, graved- 

lens, (scanned as trisyll.) 

BANK— subst. 
(a) (of an army) or do 3 m.; acies 5. 

Ep. marshalled, warlike, serried, &c. 
(6) position in society, Idcus 2 ; gradus 4. 
(c) higb rank, nohilltds 3 f . See Nobil- 
ity. 

BANK, to — ^v. act. = to arrange, 
ordlno 1 ; instruo 3 ; dispono 3. 

V. neut. = to take rank, numS- 

rffr 1 ; ddnumSrdr 1 ; habSdr 2 ; ddscri- 
MrS. 

BANKLE, to — ^v. neut. Use vivo 3 ; 
cresco 3. Cf. Verg. ^n. i. 26 and 36. 
Cf. also the use of inacesco 3 in Ov. It. 
Am. 307. 

BANSACK, to— V. act., excutio 3 (Ov. 
Fast. V. 2-i4). See Pillage, to. 

BANSOU — subst., prStlum 2 ; tmrum 
2 ; merces 3 f . 

Ep. excessive, huge, &c. 

BANSOM, to— V. act., rgdlmo 3 ; rS- 
pendo 3. 

Phr., prStto, auro, imrcedS, solvo 3 ; 
libSro 1. 

BANT, to — V. neut., dmpulldr 1 (H.) ; 
dessevio 4 (H.); turgid 2 (H.). 

BANT — subst., ampulla 1 pi. (H.). 

Phr., sesqulpSddlld verba 2. Cf. Hor. 
A. P. 97. 

BAF — subst. = knock, q. v. 

BAP, to — V. neut. = to knock, q. v. 

BAPACIOTJS — adj., rapdx, avldus. 

BAF£ — subst., rdptus 4 ; vis 3 f . 

BAPID — adj., cSlSr, rapldus, velox, 
citus, pernix, implgSr, dcSr. 

BAPIDS— subst. (of a river). Use 
hrevia 3 n. pi. See Eddy. 

Phr., decursus 4, aqudrum. 

BAPIDITY — subst. = speed, q. v. 

BAPIDLY — adv. = quick adv., q. v. 

BAPIEB — subst. See Swokd. 

BAPINE — subst., rdptum 2; rapina 
1. See Pillage. 

BAPT — adj. = enraptured, q. v. 

BAPTUBE — subst., vdluptds 3 f. See 
Ecstasy. 

BAPTTIBOTJS — adj. Use immddtciis, 
nlmlus. 



BABE— adj. 

(a) scarce, rdrus. 

(b) excellent, rdrus, eximlus, egr^glus, 
prsestdns. 

(c) thin, tenuis, rdrus. 
Phr., non densus. 

((?) not frequent, rdriis, infrequens, in- 

sdlitus, insuetus, Indssuetus. 

Phr., non usitdtus. 
(e) precious, q. v. 

BABELT — adv. = not often, rdro. 

Phr., non smp?, non sxpliis. 

BASENESS, BABITY— subst. Ben- 
der by the adjective. 

BASCAL — subst. See Knave (6). 

BASCALLY— adj. See Knavish. 

BASE, to— V. act. 
(a) to destroy, q. v. 
(6) erase, delgo 2 ; abdlSo 2. 

BASH — adj., tSmSrdrlus, tncautUSy 
imprudens, csecus, auddx, prseceps. 

Phr., prxceps animi. 

BASHLY— adv., t^m^r?, stulte. 

BASHNESS— subst., auddcta 1. 

Phr., animus auddx. See Rash. 

Ep. frantic, headlong, foolish, &c. 

BASP, to — V. act., rddo 3. 

BAT — subst., sorex 3 m. (no poetical 
authority). Use mus 3 m. 

BATE, to — V. act. (a) See Blame, 
to. (h) to estimate, msttmo 1 ; hablo 2. 

BATE — subst. See Pace. 

BATH— adj. = early (a), q. v. 

BATHEB— adv. 
(a) magls, pStlus, llbentlus (H.). 
(6) Often render by mdlo irr., e.g. I 

had rather depart, dlscidSrS mdlo. 

BATIFY, to — V. act. = to confirm 
(&), q. V. 

BATION— subst. (of food) clhus 2 ; 
clbarla 2 pi. (H.) ; dldr'ta 2 pi. (H., 
Mart.). 

BATTLE, to — V. neut., crSpo 1; 
crSpitol. Sometimes ^Mflsso 1. (Verg. 
Georg. i. 74). 

BATTLE— subst. 
(a) (toy) sistrum 2; crSpltddllum 2 

(Lucr.). 

Ep. brazen, resounding ; or local epi- 
thet, e.g. Egyptian (Phariiis). 
(6) a rattling noise, crepitus 4 ; fragSr 

3 m. 

Ep. hoarse, dread, &c. 

BAY AGE, to — ^v. act. = to pillage, 
q. V. 



RAVAGE 



( 291 ) 



REAR 



BAVAGE — subst., damnum 2 ; eludes 
3 f. ; pernicies 5 ; ruind 1. 

Ep. cruel, vast, irreparable, &c. 

EAVAGEE — subst., raptdr 3 m. ; 
pdpuldtdr 3 m. ; vdstdtdr 3 m. 

EAVE, to — V. n. = to be mad, q. v. 

EAVEN — subst., corvug 2. 

Ep. black, solitary, stately, thievish, 
&c. 

EAVENING, EA VENOUS— adj., rS.- 
pdx, avidus, Sddx, vdrax. See Eavageb. 

Phr., stimulants fame : see, too Verg. 
^n. ii. 355, &c. 

EAVENOUSLY— adv., Svlde, dcrttSr, 
vldlentSr. Often render by the adjec- 
tive, e.g. avUld orS. 

EAViNE — subst., saltiis 4 ; vdllls 3 
f. ; convdllls 3 f. 

Ep. shady, retired, obscure, pathless, 
&c. 

EAVING— adj. = mad, q. v. 

EAVING — subst., ftirdr 3 m. ; rabies 
5. Often say raving words or voices, 
or employ the verb jdcto. {See Verg. 
Ed. ii. 5 ; ^n. i. 102, ii. 768). 

Ep. frantic, unbridled, &c. 

EAVISH, to — V. act. See Enchant, 

TO. 

EAVISHEE, tentdtdr 3 m. 
EAW— adj. 
(rt) crudus. 

Phr., non coctus. 

(b) inexperienced, rudts, indoct&s. 
Phr., a raw recruit, tiro 3. 

(c) cold, q. V. 

EAY — subst., radius 2 ; jubar 3 n. ; 

lum^n 3 n. ; lux 3 f . ; ictus 4. 

Phr , lucida tela 2 pi. diei (Lucr.). 
Ep. bright, pure, morning, new, &c. 
EAYLESS— adj. = dark (a), q. v. 
EAZE, to — ^v. act. = to destroy, q. v. 
EAZOE— subst., n&vdcula 1 (Mart.). 
EEACH — subst. 

(a) of a river, use cursus 4. Substi- 
tute flexits 4 ; drcuU&s 4. 
Ep. long, winding, &c. 

(&) within reach, render by adjectives, 
e.g. facilis, pardbtlis (H.) ; or by pre- 
positions, e.g. p?ngs ; or by gerund- 
ives, e.g. pardndus, adSundus. 

(c) out of reach, perhaps difficilis, 
mdjdr; or by gerundives, e.g. non 
adeiindus, non tdngendus, &c. 
EEACH, to — ^v. act. = to arrive at. 



dttingo 3 ; tango 3 ; contingo 3 ; adeo, 

irr. ; ddvenlo 4; dccedo 3. Often 

scdndo 3 ; dscendo 3. 
EEAD, to — V. act., iSgo 3 ; perlSgo 3. 

Sometimee evolvo 3. To read aloud, 

rffcitd 1. 

EEADEE— subst., lectdr 3 m. ; Ugens 

3 m. 
EEADILY — adv., libentSr, spontS, 

vitro, use adj. libens. 

EEADINESS — subst. Phr., with 

readiness = readily, q. v. ; in readiness 

= ready, q. v. 
EEADING— subst. Use libri 2 pi. 
EEADY— adj. 

(a) prepared, pardtus, promptus, prs&- 
sens. When followed by infinitive, 
it may often be rendered by future 
participles, e.g. ready to go = IturiiSy 
ready to die = mifrituriis, &c. Note 
the phrase, in promptu, e.g. In 
promptu scrinia Brutus liabSt, BrutuB 
has his letter case ready. 

(&) willing, libens, vUlens. 
Phr., non inutus. 

(c) nimble, q. v. 

(d) to make ready = to prepare, q. v. 
EEAL — adj., verus. Sometimes 

ndtivus. 

Phr., nonfictus. 

EEALITY— subst., res 5. 

EEALLY — adv., reverd (Lucret.), 
vere. 

EEALM — subst. = kingdom, q. v. 

EEANIMATE, to — v. act. Use 
animo 1 ; rSsuscito 1. 

Phr., vitam or Snimam reddo 3 ; 
vires rScrSo 1 ; rSjicio 3, &c. 

EEAF, to — V. act. 
(a) to cut com, &c., m^i^ 3 ; demito 3. 

Phr., messem, aristds, fruges, &c., 
sSco 1 ; tondSo 2 ; cdrpo 3 ; stemo 3 ; 
sucddo 3, &c. ; fdlcem sSgSti suppono 3 ; 
to put the sickle to the com. 
(6) to gain (a), q. v. 

EEAPEE — subst., messdr 3 m. 

Ep. diligent, sweating, weary, &c. 

EEAPING-HOOK— subst., /aZa; 3 f. 

FhT.,f diets curvdmSn 3 n., acies 5. 

EEAFFEAE, to — v. neut. Use 
rSdSo, irr. ; resurgo 3 ; reddSr 3 ; and 
many other verbs coupled with the 
adverb rursus = again. 

EEAB — subst. (of an army), 
u 2 



REAR 



( 292 ) 



BECK 



Phr., Scies 5 extremS; extremum 
agmSn 3 n. ; nffvisstmum agm^n 3 n. 
In or from the rear, a tergo. 

BEAB, to — V. act. 

(a) to nourish, aid 3 ; nutrto 4 ; pdsco 
3 ; f6vSo 2 ; ediico 1 ; educo 3 ; jyro- 
duco 3 ; enutrio 4 ; submltto only of 
cattle and of plants of the earth. 

(b) to raise (a), q. v. 

(c) to build, q. v. 

V. neut., of a horse. 

Phr., tolllt se arrectum quadrupes 
(Verg. j^n. x. 892). 

REARING — adj., of a horse, sterndx. 

EEARRANGED— adj., rScompsltus. 

REASON — subst. 
(a) reasoning faculty, ratio 3 f . ; mens 

3 f. Sometimes consilium 2; pru- 

dentid 1. Cf. Ov. Fast iv. 365, 

PrOcul hinc disceditS quets est curd 

hdrise mentis. Avaimt ! ye lovers of 

reason. 

Ep. divine, wondrous, wise, &c. 
Q)) cause, causa 1. 

Phr., "What is the reason of it?" 
often = why. 

REASON, to — V. neut., disputo 1 ; 
diss^roS; discepto 1. 

REASONABLE— adj. 
(a) sane, sdnus, prudens, sapiens. 
(6) moderate, mddlciis, mddSrdtus, tem- 

p?rdtus. 

REASSURE, to— V. act., fir^no 1; 
confirmo 1 ; rSvSco 1 ; hortdr 1. 

Phr., vires reddo 3; animum rSvSco 
1. 

REBECK — subst., a stringent instru- 
ment. See Lyre. 

REBEL— subst. See Rebellious. 

REBEL, to — V. neut., rehello 1. 

REBELLION — subst., sedltio 3 f . ; 
motus 4 ; tumultus 4. 

Ep. disloyal, bloody, insane, &c. 

REBELLIOUS — adj., rShellls, rS- 
helldns. 

Phr., Impatlens jugl, indoctus ferrS 
jiigum, turha r^lldtrlx = a rebellious 
crowd. 

REBELLOW, to — v. neut., rSmugto 
4 ; rSsilio 4 ; rSsHno 1 ; rShSo 1. 

REBOUND, to — v. neut., r^sultd 1; 
rSsllio 4 ; rSpell6r 3. 

REBUFF — subst., r^pulsa 1. 

REBUILD, to — V. act., rSndvo 1 ; 
restituo 3 ; rSficio 3 ; rSparo 1 ; sdrcio 



4 ; and verbs meaning to build, rear, 
&c., with the adverb rursus. 

REBUKE, to— V. act., incr^po 1; 
increpUo 1 ; cdstigo 1 ; corripio 3 ; 
rSprShendo 3; incuso 1; culpa 1. Cf., 
too, Ov. Trist. ii. 133, tristibus Invectus 
verbis. See Blasie, to. 

REBUKE — subst. Sometimes mlnse 
1 pi. (threats); lingux verhSra 3 pi. 
(lashes of the tongue). Often render 
by verb, e.g. his rebukes are just, 
rnSr'ito culput, &c. 

RECALL, to— V. act. 
(a) rSvdco 1 ; rSpPto 3. Sometimes 

rSduco 3 ; rStrdlw 3 (to mind) ; rSm£- 

tiffr 4. 
(6) to retract, rStrdcto 1 ; rSvSco 1 ; 

rScdnto 1. 

RECALL — subst. Phr., without 
recall, past recall, &c., IrrHScdbllls 
(H.), non mutdbllts, irrSpardbllls. 

RECANT, to— V. act. See Eecall, 

TO (J)). 

RECAPTURE, to— v. act., rmplo 3. 

RECAST, to— v. act., rScOquo 3 ; rS- 
fingo 3 ; rS field 3 ; diffingo 3. 

RECEDE, to— V. neut., rffcedo 3; 
cedo 3. 

Phr., pSdem rSfSro, irr. ; rStraho 3. 

RECEIVE, to— V. act. 
(o) rSciplo 3; caplo 3; dccipio 3; 

sumo 3. 
(6) to entertain, exclplo 3. 

Phr., hospltlo dcclplo 3; rSclplo 3; 
hospHlum prsesto 1 ; prmbSo 2. 

RECENT — adj., ndvus, rScens. 

RECENTLY — adv., nupSr, mSdd, 
rScens. 

RECEPTION — subst. Render by 
verb, e.g. he gave him a courteous 
reception, comltSr ezceplt. 

RECESS — subst., rScessus 4 ; secessiis 
4 ; latebrsR 1 pi. ; pSnStrdU 3 n. 

Ep. secret, shady, gloomy, &c 

RECITAL — subst., ndrrdtHs 4; his- 
tikla 1. 

RECITE, to— V. act., c^ehro 1 ; con- 
cSlebro 1 ; numSro 1 ; enum^ro 1 ; ttSro 
1 ; r?fSro, irr. ; ndrro 1 ; enarro 1 ; 
rlndrro 1 ; Tn^m^o 1 ; cominlmifro 1 ; 
percurro 3 ; conclplo 3; expllco 1. 

RECITER — subst., rScltdtdr 3 m. 
(H.). 

RECK, to— V. act., with "of" = to 
care for, euro 1 ; resplcio 3 ; tdngSr 3. 



RECKLESS 



( 293 ) 



RECUMBENT 



BECKLESS — adj., tSm?rarlug, Inc