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ILLUSTRATIONS OF MASONRY,
By THOMAS SMITH WEBB,
PAST MASTER OF THE GRAND LODGE OF RHODE ISLAND.
By JOHN SHERER,
Author and compiler of the "Masonic Carpets of BlqgLodge, Cliapter and Council
Masonry,' 1 '' and other Masonic Publications.
R. W. CARROLL & CO., PUBLISHERS,
117 West Fourth Street.
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1867,
By JOHN SHERER,
In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, for the Southern
District of Ohio.
6TEBE0TTPED AT THE FBANKLIN TYPE FOUNDBY, CINCINNATI.
Albei\t Q. Mackey, M. p.,
"Past <&. 6. $\$ fktot, (Enmfc ^tgi) $)rtt0t anl» ©ronfc £eewtarp,
Author of numerous standard works upon the
Jurisprudence, Rituals, Philosophy and History
of Freemasonry ;
Whofe labors as a Pioneer in various departments of the
have developed many hidden beauties of the Art ;
Whofe succefs in completing and poliftiing the ornaments of
the San&uary has stamped him as the Aholiab
of the present generation ;
and whose genial social qualities endear him
to the world-wide Fraternity,
%$ mcsl mjtwtfullg tx& $VafemIIg l$MtiM
THE AUTHOR'S PREFACE.
The following work, although chiefly intended for
the use of the ancient and honorable society of Free
and Accepted Masons, is also calculated to explain the
nature and design of the Masonic Institution to those
who may be desirous of becoming acquainted with its
principles, whether for the purpose of initiation into
the society, or merely for the gratification of their
The observations upon the three first degrees are,
many of them, taken from "Preston's Illustrations
of Masonry," with some necessary alterations. Mr.
Preston's distribution of the first lecture into six, the
second into four, and the third into twelve sections,
not being agreeable to the mode of working in America,
they are differently arranged in this work.
It is presumed that all regular lodges and Eoyal Arch
Chapters will find this a useful assistant and Monitor,
inasmach as it contains most of the charges, prayers,
and Scripture passages made use of at our meetings, and
which are not otherwise to be found without recourse
to several volumes. This often occasions much delay
4 author's preface.
in the recitals, produces many irregularities in their
distribution, and sometimes causes important omissions.
The whole are here digested and arranged in such
order, through the several degrees, from the Entered
Apprentice to the Royal Arch Mason, that they may be
easily understood; and, by a due attention to their
several divisions, the mode of working, as well in
arrangement as matter, will become universally the
same. This desirable object will add much to the
satisfaction and happiness of all good Masons, and
redound to the honor of the whole Fraternity.
In preparing an edition of " Webb's Freemason's
Monitor" — the first Masonic text-book ever published
in any country in the English language — some
improvements have been introduced which will be
appreciated by the Fraternity at the present day.
As early as 1841, and immediately after my initiation
at Massillon, Ohio, I conceived the idea of publishing a
"Monitor," in which should appear representations of
the emblems in juxtaposition with the text of the
monitorial instructions. This great improvement,
though now common to all Masonic text-books, had
not then occurred to any one — the conception being
strictly my own. It was eagerly caught at, however,
by some parties to whom I communicated it, and
introduced in the publication of every Masonic hand-
book which has been issued from the press for the past
twenty years. This improvement, together with notes
explanatory of the text of the 1816 edition of Webb's
6 publisher's preface.
Monitor, I have introduced in the present edition.
Otherwise, it is a perfect copy of the language of that
edition, acknowleged by Webb himself to be the most
complete of any edition of his work.
Cincinnati, O., 1866.
Advantages, general, of Masonry 1
Advancing, the manner of. 75
Acknowledging, the manner of. 115
Anointing, the manner of. 141
Ceremony, opening and closing Lodge 10
Charges, Ancient 310
Charges at Initiation 36
" at Passing .' , 58
" at Kaising 72
" to a Mark Master 79
« to a Past Master 98
u to a Most Excellent Master 119
" to a Royal Arch Mason 136
« to a High Priest 158
« to a Select Master 167
" to a Knight Templar 192
Creating, the manner of. 171
Corner-stones, planting of. 102
Covenant of a Past Master 92
Discipline of Masonry confined to Third Degree 3
Dead, the burial of. 108
Deacons, Covenant of. 97
Entered Apprentice, Degree of. 14
Exalting, the manner of 121
Fellow Craft, Degree of. , 88
Geometry and Masonry anciently synonymous terms 1
Government of Masonry 3
Halls, dedication of 106
High Priesthood, Order of 139
Initiation, the manner of. 14
Inducting, the manner of. 84
Knighthood, Orders of 169
" History of 180
Knights of the Red Cross, Order of 169
Knights Templar, Order of 180
Knights of Malta, Order of ~ 191
Library, Universal Masonry 4
Landmarks, Seventeen 7
Lodge, opening and closing 10
Masonry and Geometry, anciently synonymous terms 1
" Condition of, in United States, 1858 2
" Government of, Explained 3
11 Discipline of, confined to Third Degree 3
" Secrets of, Important. 6
" Seventeen Landmarks of 7
« Symbolical 14
" Capitular 73
" Cryptic 161
" Chivalric... 169
Master, Covenant of 92
Music, with Mark Masters' Ode 82
» « Installation Ode 101
" « Most Excellent Masters' Ode 117
Music with Knights Templar Ode 189
Master Mason, Degree of. .'. 60
Mark Master, Degree of. 75
Most Excellent Master, Degree of. 115
Origin of Masonry 1
Officers should be well instructed 7
Obsequies, Masonic 108
Ode, Mark Masters' 82
« Installation Lodge Officers' 101
" Most Excellent Master 117
" Knights Templar 189
Prayers, closing Lodge 13
" Initiation 16
" Raising 63
" Exaltation 124
" Anointing 144
Passing, the manner of. 38
Processions at planting corner-stones 102
" at dedicating Halls 105
" at obsequies Ill
" at dedicating Chapters 143
Past Master, Degree of 83
Raising, the manner of. 60
Royal Arch, Degree of 121
Royal Master, Degree of. 163
Secrecy, Importance of 5
Secrecy, the Lodge work is 9
Select Master, Degree of. 165
Scripture Readings, Entered Apprentice n 20
" " Master Mason 61
Scripture Headings, Mark Master .75, 77, 79
11 « Most Excellent Master 116
" " Royal Arch 122, 125
" " High Priest 141
" " Royal Master 163
" " Select Master 165
« " Knight of the Red Cross 171
u " Knight Templar 186
" " Knight of Malta 191
Secretary, Covenant of 97
Treasurer, Covenant of 97
United States, condition of Masonry in 1858, in the 2
Warden, Senior, Covenant of 95
" Junior, Covenant of 99
ORIGIN OP MASONRY AND ITS GENERAL ADVANTAGES.*
^rom the commencement of the world, we may trace the
foundation of Masonry. f Ever since symmetry began, and
harmony displayed her charms, our Order has had a being.
During many ages, and in many different countries, it has
flourished. In the dark periods of antiquity, when literature
was in a low state, and the rude manners of our forefathers
withheld from them that knowledge we now so amply share,
Masonry diffused its influence. This science unvailed, arts
arose, civilization took place, and the progress of knowledge
and philosophy gradually dispelled the gloom of ignorance
and barbarism. Government being settled, authority was
given to laws, and the assemblies of the Fraternity acquired
the patronage of the great and the good, while the tenets of
the profession were attended with unbounded utility. 1
1 For ample proof of the antiquity of Masonry, that necessary founda-
tion of its universality and unchangeabiliiy, see the writings of George
Oliver, D. D., whose investigations # under this head embrace the entire
range of history, ancient and modern. A belief in the antiquity of
Masonry is the first requisite of a good teacher. Upon this all the
*The larger type is the text, as found in the original Monitor; the notes in the
margin are Mr. Morris', unless otherwise marked.
| Masonry and Geometry are sometimes used as synonymous terms. — Webb,
2 ORIGIN AND ADVANTAGES OF MASONRY.
Masonry is a science confined to no particular country, but
diffused over the whole terrestrial globe. Wherever arts
flourish, there it flourishes too. Add to this, that by secret
and inviolable signs, carefully preserved among the Fraternity
throughout the world, Masonry becomes a universal language.
Hence many advantages are gained : the distant Chinese, the
wild Arab, and the American savage, will embrace a brother
Briton, Frank or German ; and will know, that beside the
common ties of humanity, there is still a stronger obligation
to induce him to kind and friendly offices. The spirit of the
fulminating priest will be tamed j and a moral brother, though
of a different persuasion, engage his esteem. Thus, through
the influence of Masonry, which is reconcilable to the best
policy, all those disputes which imbitter life and sour the
tempers of men are avoided ; while the common good, the
general design of the Craft, is zealously pursued. 1
From this view of the system, its utility must be sufficiently
legends of the Order are based. The dignity of the institution depends
mainly upon its age, and to disguise its gray hairs is to expose it to a
contemptuous comparison with every society of modern date.
'In the United States, there are at this time (1859) 37 Grand Lodges,
viz: Alabama, Arkansas, California. Connecticut. Delaware, District of
Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky,
Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mis-
sissippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York,
North Carolina, Ohio. Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Car-
olina, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, Wisconsin, and Washington
Territory. The aggregate number of Subordinate Lodges working
under these is about 4,800, having a membership in gross of 202,000
Master Masons. It is demonstrable that the United States has more
Lodges and Masons than the whole of the world beside.
" Lo, what a goodly heritage,
The Lord to us hath given ! "
Each symbolic degree has, at least, one sign that is universal. The
tokenb and words, there is reason to believe, are universal.
The every-day experience of the Masonic reader will justify the above
exhibit of the influence of Masonic principles upon the brotherhoood.
GOVERNMENT OF THE FRATERNITY EXPLAINED. 3
obvious. The universal principles of the art unite men of
the most opposite tenets, of the most distant countries, and
of the most contradictory opinions, in one indissoluble bond
of affection, so that in every nation a Mason finds a friend,
and in every climate a home. 1
THE GOVERNMENT OF THE FRATERNITY EXPLAINED.
The mode of government observed by the Fraternity will
best explain the importance, and give the truest idea of the
nature and design of the Masonic system.
There are several classes of Masons, under different appel-
lations. The privileges of these classes are distinct, and par-
ticular means are adopted to preserve those privileges to the
just and meritorious of each class. 2
> This paragraph demands an explanation. "The most opposite
tenets," and "the most contradictory opinions," must be harmonized on
the broad basis of The Ancient Charges of Masonry, else Freemasonry as
such could not exist. The belief and trust in one God, and in a Divine
Revelation, and obedience to the Ten Commandments of Sinai, are
essentials, opposed to which nothing "opposite" nor "contradictory"
can be tolerated. No man was more strenuous in maintaining this view
of Masonic conformity in practice than Webb himself.
3 In general practice, there is no Masonic discipline, as such, beyond
the third degree. It is in the symbolic Lodge, which consists of only
three degrees, that every Mason is initiated, passed and raised, affilia-
ted, or demitted, tried, punished, restored, or acquitted, enlightened,
relieved or interred. Masonic edifices are underlaid and dedicated
only by symbolic Lodges. The honor of the Fraternity is maintained,
its actual standing is presented before the world, its awards and pun-
ishments published, only by symbolic Lodges. It would comport better
with the real purposes of Masonry, if more attention were paid to this
department and less to the so-called higher degrees.
4 GOVERNMENT OF THE FRATERNITY EXPLAINED.
Honor and probity are recommendations to the first class;
in which the practice of virtue is enforced, and the duties of
morality inculcated, while the mind is prepared for regular
and social converse in the principles of knowledge and phi-
Diligence, assiduity, and application are qualifications for
the second class ; in which an accurate elucidation of science,
both in theory and practice, is given. Here human reason i3
cultivated by a due exertion of the rational and intellectual
powers and faculties; nice and difficult theories are explained;
new discoveries produced, and those already known beauti-
fully embellished. 1
The third class is composed of those whom truth and fidel-
ity have distinguished ; who, when assaulted by threats and
violence, after solicitation and persuasion have failed, have
evinced their firmness and integrity in preserving inviolate
the mysteries of the Order. 2
The fourth class consists of those who have perseveringly
studied the scientific branches of the art, and exhibited proof
of their skill and acquirements, and who have consequently
obtained the honor of this degree, as a reward of merit. 3
The fifth class consists of those who, having acquired a pro-
ficiency of knowledge to become teachers, have been elected
to preside over regularly constituted bodies of Masons.
1 It is for this class that zealous men, during the past one hundred
years, have provided such ample means of Masonic instruction. The
publication of The Universal Masonic Library, embracing 53 distinct
■works, in 30 volumes, upon the History, Philosophy, and Jurisprudence
of Freemasonry, has left nothing wanting that can enlighten and
perfect the aspiring Fellow-craft.
2 The government of the Lodge, the dispensing its charities, and the
selection of materials for its increase, are left by general usage, in the
United States, to the Masons of the third class, as before remarked.
3 Hence the appellation " the more honorable degree" of Mark Master,
as seen in the Diplomas and Certificates of Royal Arch Masonry
This and the subsequent degrees, however, are modern,
THE IMPORTANCE OF SECRECY. 5
The sixth class consists of those who, having discharged
the duties of the chair with honor and reputation, are
acknowledged and recorded as Most Excellent Masters.
The seventh class consists of a select few whom years and
experience have improved, and whom merit and abilities have
entitled to preferment. With this class the ancient land-
marks of the Order are preserved ; and from them we learn
and practice the necessary and instructive lessons, which at
once dignify the art, and qualify its professors to illustrate its
excellence and utility.
This is the established mode of the Masonic government,
when the rules of the system are observed. By this judicious
arrangement, true friendship is cultivated among different
ranks and degrees of men, hospitality promoted, industry
rewarded, and ingenuity encouraged. 1
THE IMPORTANCE OP THE SECRETS OP MASONRY DEMON-
If the secrets of Masonry are replete with such advantages
to mankind, it may be asked, Why are they not divulged for
the general good of society ? To which it may be answered,
Were the privileges of Masonry to be indiscriminately be-
stowed, the design of the institution would be subverted, and,
being familiar, like many other important matters, would soon
lose their value, and sink into disregard. 2
1 This is according to the American System. In other countries the
degree of Royal Arch is communicated without the intermediate
degrees of Mark Master and Most Excellent Master. All the degrees
of the Chapter here named are intensely Americanized.
3 A better reason than this is, that we, as Masons, have received them
6 THE IMPORTANCE OF SECRECY.
It is a weakness in human nature, that men are generally
more charmed with novelty, than the real worth or intrinsic
value of things. Novelty influences all our actions and de-
terminations. What is new, or difficult in the acquisition,
however trifling or insignificant, readily captivates the imag-
ination, and insures a temporary admiration; while what is
familiar, or easily obtained, however noble and eminent for
its utility, is sure to be disregarded by the giddy and un-
Did the particular secrets or peculiar forms prevalent
among Masons constitute the essence of the art, it might be
alleged that our amusements were trifling, and our ceremonies
superficial. But this is not the case. Having their use, they
are preserved ; and from the recollection of the lessons
they inculcate, the well-informed Mason derives instruction.
Drawing them to a near inspection, he views them through
a proper medium ; adverts to the circumstances which gave
them rise ; dwells upon the tenets they convey ; and, finding
them replete with useful information, adopts them as keys to
the privileges of his art, and prizes them as sacred. Thus
convinced of their propriety, he estimates the value from
their utility. 1
Many persons are deluded by their vague supposition that
under a binding pledge to preserve them as secrets from the world, and
can not, short of the most horrible falsehood, violate our covenant. This
is well understood by the community at large, who stamped the seal of
perjury so deeply into the forehead of those who, in the last generation,
pretended to expose our mysteries to the world, that but few r>f them
ever recovered from the disgrace.
i The " particular secrets or peculiar forms " taught by Webb up to
the period of his death as the Rituals of Freemasonry, are yet accurately
preserved by many of the old Masons of New England and elsewhere.
The compiler of this edition has received them from various persons in
Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Vermont, etc., and has found them in the
maiD, uniform and consistent. The changes made by Masonic lectiwwi
Subsequently to 1819, have not been for the better.
THE IMPORTANCE OE SECRECY. 7
our mysteries are merely nominal ; that the practices estab-
lished among us are frivolous; and that our ceremoniss might
be adopted, or waived, at pleasure. On this false foundation,
we have found them hurrying through all the degrees, without
adverting to the propriety of one step they pursue, or possess-
ing a single qualification requisite for advancement. Passing
through the usual formalities, they have accepted offices and
assumed the government of Lodges, equally unacquainted with
the rules of the institution they pretended to support, or the
nature of the trust reposed in them. The consequence is
obvious ; wherever such practices have been allowed, anarchy
and confusion have ensued, and the substance has been lost
in the shadow. 1
Were the brethren who preside over Lodges properly in-
structed previous to their appointment, and regularly apprised
of the importance of their respective offices, a general refor-
mation would speedily take place. This would evince the
propriety of our mode of government, and lead men to ac-
knowledge that our honors were deservedly conferred. The
ancient consequence of the Order would be restored, and the
reputation of the society preserved. 2
1 This grievous fault, as common at the present day as in 1797, is
chargeable upon the Masters of Lodges, and can not justly be imputed
to the candidates themselves. If the blind lead the blind, what other
results can be anticipated !
2 A careful study of the ancient laws of the Institution develops
seventeen main principles, or landmarks, which the intelligent officer
of the Lodge should commit to memory. They are as follows : 1, The
Masonic landmarks are unchangeable, and imperative. 2, Masonry is
a system teaching, symbolically, piety, morality, science, charity, and
self-discipline. 3, The law of God is the rule and limit of Masonry.
4, The Civil law, so far as it accords with the Divine, is obligatory
upon Masons. 5, The Masonic Lodge, and the Masonic Institution,
are one and indivisible. 6, Masonic qualifications regard the mental,
moral, and physical nature of man. 7, Personal worth and merit are
the basis of official worth and merit. 8, The official duties of Masonry
5 GENERAL REMARKS.
Such conduct alone can support our character. Unless
prudent actions shall distinguish our title to the honors of
Masonry, and regular deportment display the influence and
utility of our rules, the world in general will not easily be
led to reconcile our proceedings with the tenets of our pro-
Masonry is an art equally useful and extensive. In
every art there is a mystery, which requires a gradual pro-
gression of knowledge to arrive at any degree of perfection
in it. Without much instruction, and more exercise, no man
can be skillful in any art: in like manner, without an assidu-
ous application to the various subjects treated of in the dif-
ferent lectures of Masonry, no person can be sufficiently
acquainted with its true value. 1
are esoteric. 9, The selection of Masonic material, and the general
labors of the Masonic Craft are exoteric. 10, The honors o( Masonry
are the gratitude of the Craft, and the approval of God. 11, Masonic
promotion, both official and private, is by grades. 12, The Grand Mas-
ter may have a deputy. 13, The head of the Lodge is the Master duly
elected by the Craft. 14, The medium of communication between the
head and the body of the Lodge, is the Wardens. 15, Obedience to the
Master and Wardens is obligatory upon the members. 16, Secrecy is
an indispensable element of Masonry. 17, The Grand Lodge is supreme,
and controls both the Subordinate Lodges and individual Masons, in
its own sphere of jurisdiction, but always subject to the ancient land-
1 This sentiment is a severe rebuke upon those who declaim against
all written publications as innovations, and denounce the study of Ma-
sonry as an unlawful thing. Without much instruction, and more exer-
cise, no person can possibly appreciate the wisdom, strength, and beauty
GENERAL REMARKS. 9
It must not, however, be inferred from this remark, that
persons who labor under the disadvantages of a confined edu-
cation, or whose sphere of life requires a more intense appli-
cation to business or study, are to be discouraged in their
endeavors to gain a knowledge of Masonry. 1
To qualify an individual to enjoy the benefits of the society
at large, or to partake of its privileges, it is not absolutely
necessary that he should be acquainted with all the intricate
parts of the science. These are only intended for the dili-
gent and assiduous Mason, who may have leisure and oppor-
tunity to indulge such pursuits.
Though some are more able than others, some more emi-
nent, some more useful, yet all, in their different spheres,
may prove advantageous to the community. As the nature
of every man's profession will not admit of that leisure which
is necessary to qualify him to become an expert Mason, it is
highly proper that the official duties of a Lodge should be
executed by persons whose education and situation in life
enable them to become adepts ; as it must be allowed, that all
who accept offices, and exercise authority, should be properly
qualified to discharge the task assigned them, with honor to
themselves, and credit to their sundry stations.
I The peculiarly difficult manner in which the essential secrets of
Masonry are necessarily communicated to the American brethren, ren-
ders it a matter of time as well as labor, to acquire them. No such
auxiliaries as go to the acquisition of other sciences are permitted here ;
frequent rehearsals impressing retentive memories, form the only road
to this learning. It is not strange, therefore, that we have few pro-
OPENING AND CLOSING THE LODGE.
THE CEREMQNY OF OPENING AND CLOSING A LODGE.
In all regular assemblies of men, who are convened for
wise and useful purposes, the commencement and conclusion
of business are accompanied with some form. In every
country of the world the practice prevails, and is deemed
essential. From the remote periods of antiquity it may be
traced, and the refined improvements of modern times have
not totally abolished it.
Ceremonies, when simply considered, it is true, are little
more than visionary delusions ; but their effects are some-
times important. When they impress awe and reverence on
the mind, and engage the attention by external attraction, to
solemn rites, they are interesting objects. These purposes
are effected by judicious ceremonies, when regularly con-
ducted and properly arranged. On this ground they have
received the sanction of the wisest men in all ages, and con-
sequently could not escape the notice of Masons. To begin
well, is the most likely means to end well ; and it is judi-
ciously remarked, that when order and method are neglected
at the beginning, they will be seldom found to take place at
the end. 1
The ceremony of opening and closing a Lodge with solem-
nity and decorum, is, therefore, universally admitted among
Masons ; and though the mode in some Lodges may vary,
i At every stated meeting, the Lodge should be thoroughly instructed
in the ceremony of opening, as this embraces the whole art of preserv-
ing the essential secrecy of the Craft, the duties and stations of officers,
the appeal to Deity for grace and strength, and the unchangeable means
of Masonic recognition.
OPENING AND CLOSING THE LODGE. 11
and in every degree must vary, still a uniformity in the gen-
eral practice prevails in every Lodge ; and the variation is
solely occasioned by a want of method, which a little applica-
tion might easily remove. 1
To conduct this ceremony with propriety ought to 'he the
peculiar study of every Mason, especially of those who have
the honor to rule in our assemblies. To persons who are
thus dignified, every eye is naturally directed for propriety
of conduct and behavior; and from them, other brethren,
who are less informed, will naturally expect to derive an
example worthy of imitation. 2
From a share in this ceremony no Mason can be exempted.
It is a general concern, in which all must assist. This is the
first request of the Master, and the prelude to all business.
No sooner has it been signified, than every officer repairs to
his station, and the brethren rank according to their degrees.
The intent of the meeting becomes the sole object of atten-
tion, and the mind is insensibly drawn from those indiscrim-
inate subjects of conversation which are apt to intrude on
our less serious moments.
This effect accomplished, our care is directed to the external
avenues of the Lodge, and the proper officers, whose province
it is to discharge that duty, execute their trust with fidelity,
and by certain mystic forms of no recent date, intimate that
vie may safely proceed. To detect impostors among ourselves,
an adherence to order in the character of Masons ensues, and
the Ljdge is either opened or closed in solemn form. 8
i In the numerous Lodges I have visited, I have found the variation
to consist chiefly in the different amount of ceremony and lecture re-
hearsed. In some the ceremony is deprived of all its vitality, in others
it is made full and explicit, while the great mass of Lodges vary be-
tween these extremes.
2 It is comparatively easy to confer a degree, but few can open and
close a Lodge with dignity and propriety. Years of study and experi-
ence go to make one proficient in this desirable art.
3 By the best and general usage in the United States, this order is
12 OPENING AND CLOSING THE LODGE.
At opening the Lodge, two purposes are wisely effected :
the Master is reminded of the dignity of his character, and
the brethren of the homage and veneration due from them
in their sundry stations. These are not the only advantages
resulting from a due observance of this ceremony ; a rever-
ential awe for the Deity is inculcated, and the eye fixed on
that object, from whose radiant beams light only can be
derived. Here we are taught to adore the God of heaven,
and to supplicate his protection on our well-meant endeavors.
The Master assumes his government in due form, and under
him his Wardens; who accept their trust, after the customary
salutations. The brethren then, with one accord, unite in
duty and respect, and the ceremony concludes.
PRAYER AT OPENING.
- Supreme source of all wisdom, truth, and love, look graciously
down upon thy people here assembled to pursue the peaceful
avocations of Masonry, and grant us at this time a double portion
of thy grace, that we may give higher honor to thy holy name,
and more lovingly aid each other through the journey of life.
Impress upon our hearts the shortness of time, the nearness of
death, and the vastness of the work we are summoned here to do;
that with freedom, fervency and zeal, we may serve thee; with
brotherly love, relief, and truth, we may honor thee, and so, at
last, be found fitted as living stones for the House not made with
hands, eternal in the heavens. Amen.
Response. — So mote it be 1
Any of the Odes used in conferring the three symbolical
degrees, are appropriate to be sung in opening the Lodge.
At closing the Lodge, a similar form takes place. Here
the less important duties of Masonry are not passed over
unobserved. The necessary degrees of subordination in the
government of a Lodge is peculiarly marked, while the proper
tribute of gratitude is offered up to the beneficent Author of
life, and his blessing invoked and extended to the whole
fraternity. Each brother faithfully locks up the treasure he
reversed. The Lodge is first congregated, then purged, tyled, lectured,
OPENING AND CLOSING THE LODGE. 13
has acquired, in his own secret repository ; and, pleased with
his reward, retires to enjoy and disseminate, among the private
circle of his brethren, the fruits of his labor and industry in
INVOCATION AT CLOSING.
Now may the blessing of Heaven rest upon us and all regular
Masons! may Brotherly love prevail, and every moral and social
virtue cement us. Amen.
Response. — So mote it be!
For odes suitable to closing, see pages 9 to 12, in the col-
lection of Odes at the end.
A rehearsal of the Ancient Charges properly succeeds the
opening, and precedes the closing of a Lodge. This was the
constant practice of our ancient brethren, and ought never
to be neglected in our regular assemblies. A recapitulation
of our duty can not be disagreeable to those who are ac-
quainted with it; and to those who know it not, should any
such be, it must be highly proper to recommend it. 1
These are faint outlines of a ceremony which universally
prevails among Masons in every country, and distinguishes
all their meetings. It is arranged as a general section in
every degree, and takes the lead in all our illustrations. 2
1 The Synopsis of the Ancient Charges, introduced here by Webb, is so
abbreviated and imperfect that it is thought better to insert the whole,
unabridged, and we have done so in the Appendix. All questions upon
Masonic Law must be referred, as a last resort, to these Ancient Charges.
A mere skeleton of a document, not in itself very lengthy, does not,
therefore, answer the purpose Webb had in view, nor would it serve as
a standard, so necessary in this inquiring age, for the settlement of
the numerous mooted questions that arise in the workings of every Lodge.
2 The best usage at stated meetings is to open the three Lodges in
regular order, commencing with the lowest. No abbreviating or slur-
ring over the ceremonies should be allowed, but every response given
and every ceremony performed with plodding exactness. The closing
may be more brief.
The work of the Lodge in each degree is a portion of the secrets of
14 PRE-REQUISITES FOR A CANDIDATE.
PRE-REQUISITES FOR A CANDIDATE.
By a late regulation, adopted by most of the Grand
Lodges in America, no candidate for the mysteries of
Masonry can be initiated without having been proposed at
a previous meeting of the lodge; in order that no one may
be introduced without due inquiry relative to his character
and qualifications. 1
All applications for initiation should be made by petition
in writing, signed by the applicant, giving an account of his
age, quality, occupation, and place of residence, and that he
is desirous of being admitted a member of the fraternity;
which petition should be kept on file by the Secretary.
At called meetings those Lodges only are opened in which the busi-
ness of the meeting is to be performed.
No Lodge can be regularly opened or closed without religious ser-
vices of some sort. The general usage is for the Master to call upon
brethren gifted in prayer to make supplication to the Divine Throne.
In very many Lodges, opening and closing Odes are likewise sung.
1 This is so far from being a late regulation that it is a portion of the
oldest Masonic statutes ever brought to America: viz., in 1773, at the
establishment of the first lodge in Boston, Massachusetts. It formed
a part, at that time, of the Constitutions of the Grand Lodge of Eng-
land, as follows: "Rule V. No man can be made or admitted a mem-
ber of a particular lodge, without previous notice, one month before,
given to the said lodge, in order to make due inquiry into the
reputation and capacity of the candidate ; unless by the Dispensation
aforesaid." This being a fundamental law of Masonry, it was not
a regulation that could be "adopted by most of the Grand Lodges in
America." See, also, the Installation Service of the Master of a
Lodge, Charge xiv.
PRE-REQITISITES FOR A CANDIDATE. ■ 15
Form of a petition to be presented by a Candidate for Initiation.
"To the Worshipful Master, Wardens, and Brethren of
Lodge, of Free and Accepted Masons :
" The petition of the subscriber respectfully showeth, that
having long entertained a favorable opinion of your ancient
institution, he is desirous of being admitted a member
thereof, if found worthy. 1
"His place of residence is ; his age years; his
occupation ," [Signed], A. B.
After this petition is read, the candidate must be proposed
in form, by a member of the Lodge, and the proposition
seconded by another member; a committee is then appointed
to make inquiry relative to his character and qualifications. 2
Declaration to be assented to by a Candidate, in an adjoining apartment,
previous to Initiation.
"Do you seriously declare, upon your honor, before these
gentlemen, 3 that, unbiased by friends, and uninfluenced by
mercenary motives, you freely and voluntarily offer yourself
a candidate for the mysteries of Masonry? 7 ' I do.
"Dojrou seriously declare, upon your honor, before these
1 To this is properly added the words : " If admitted, he pledges him-
self to a cheerful obedience to all the requirements of the Institution."
2 The qualifications of candidates are of three classes : mental, moral,
Mentally, each must possess a sound intellect, and a good memory, so
as quickly to appreciate, thoroughly to comprehend, and faithfully to
retain the instructions to be communicated to him.
Morally, he must be of good report before all men, obedient to the
laws of God, keeping his passions under subjection, industrious,
economical, and a good citizen.
Physically, he must have the parts and members of a man, without
any serious maim or defect. All the Masonic means of recognition he
must be able Masonically to receive, and Masonically to communicate.
3 The Stewards of the Lodge are usually present. If not, then a
Committee of Preparation. — Webb.
16 * PRE-REQUISITES FOR A CANDIDATE.
gentlemen, that you are prompted to solicit the privileges of
Masonry by a favorable opinion conceived of the institution,
a desire of knowledge, and a sincere wish of being serviceable
to your fellow-creatures ?" I do.
" Do you seriously declare, upon your honor, before these
gentlemen, that you will cheerfully conform to all the ancient
established usages and customs of the Fraternity ? " I do. 1
After the above declarations are made, and reported to the
Master, he makes it known to the Lodge, in manner following,
" Brethren : — At the request of Mr. A. B., he has been
proposed and accepted in regular form. I, therefore, recom-
mend him as a proper candidate for the mysteries of Masonry,
and worthy to partake of the privileges of the Fraternity;
and, in consequence of a declaration of his intentions, volun-
tarily made, I believe he will cheerfully conform to the rules
of the Order."
If there are then no objections made, tHe candidate is intro-
duced in due form.
1 A clear ballot must be had before the candidate is notified* to appear
in the " adjoining apartment."
The usage in balloting is by balls, and in a manner so secret that no
one is informed how another voted. If one black ball only is found in
the box, a second ballot is immediately had to correct a possible
mistake ; the black ball appearing the second time, the candidate is
declared rejected; nor can he apply to the Lodge again until after a
period (usually twelve months) designated in the standard regulations
of the Grand Lodge having jurisdiction. More than one black ball
insures a peremptory rejection.
The same rule of balloting is applicable to petitions for affiliation
There is no Grand Lodge which, at present, authorizes an addition
to these declarations. A few private Lodges append a pledge, to the
effect that the applicant believes in a state of future rewards and pun-
ishments, that be conceives the Holy Scriptures to be of Divine import,
etc. All this, however, is irregular and un-Masonio.
REMARKS ON THE FIRST LECTURE. 17
REMARKS ON THE FIRST LECTURE.
We shall now enter on a disquisition of the different sec-
tions of the lectures appropriated to the several degrees of
Masonry, giving a brief summary of the whole, and annexing
to every remark the particulars to which the section alludes.
By these means the industrious Mason will be instructed in
the regular arrangement of the sections in each lecture, and
be enabled with more ease to acquire a knowledge of the
The first lecture on Masonry is divided into three sections,
and each section into different clauses. Virtue is painted in
the most beautiful colors, and the duties of morality are
enforced. In it we are taught such useful lessons as prepare
the mind for a regular advancement in the principles of
knowledge and philosophy. These are imprinted on the
memory by lively and sensible images, to influence our
conduct in the proper discharge of the duties of social life. 2
1 The whole of these lectures, as taught by Webb, are yet extant, and
would most appropriately accompany this volume by the mouth of
Grand Lecturers and other Masonic instructors.
2 These images relate to the chaste and beautiful drama of Masonry,
wherein emblem, symbol, and ceremonial, are elegantly combined with
the purest doctrine and the most venerable tradition, to impress the
candidate's mind with the grace and sublimity of the Rite.
In Webb's day, the emblems, instead of being presented in the
Monitor as now, were painted upon canvas, and formed a part of the
hangings of the Lodge. Oftener they were merely drawn with chalk,
charcoal, and clay, upon the floor, for temporary use. The same designs
were used then as now ; but the splendid Carpets of Mr. Sherer have
taken the place of all other appliances for Masonic lecturing.
THE FIRST SECTION.
The first section in this lecture is suited to all capacities,
and may and ought to be known by every person who ranks
as a Mason. It consists of general heads, which, though
short and simple, carry weight with them. They not only
serve as marks of distinction, but communicate useful and
interesting knowledge, when they are duly investigated.
They qualify us to try and examine the rights of others to our
privileges, while they prove ourselves ; and, as they induce us
to inquire more minutely into other particulars of greater
importance, they serve as an introduction to subjects more
amply explained in the following sections. 1
A PRAYER AT THE INITIATION OP A CANDIDATE.
" Vouchsafe thine aid, Almighty Father of the Universe, to this,
our present convention; and grant that this candidate for Masonry
may dedicate and devote his life to thy service, and become a true
and faithful Brother among us! Endue him with a competency of
thy divine wisdom, that, by the secrets of our art, he may be better
enabled to display the beauties of Brotherly Love, Relief and Truth,
to the honor of thy holy name." Amen I So mote it be I 2
1 The examination of a visiting Brother is made particularly minute
and thorough upon this degree.
2 All the prayers introduced into this work may be considered as
models or forms to be enlarged upon or abbreviated, or others substi-
tuted in their places, at the Master's will and pleasure.
"Behold! how good and pleasant it is for brethren to dwell
together in unity I
" It is like the precious ointment upon the head, that ran down
upon the beard, even Aaron's beard, that went down to the skirts
of his garments :
"As the dew of Hermon, and as the dew that descended upon
the mountain of Zion ; for there the Lord commanded the blessing,
even life for evermore." — Psalm cxxxiii.
PARAPHRASE OF THE ABOYE FOR MUSIC.
Behold how pleasant and how good
For Brothers such as we,
Of the United Brotherhood,
To dwell in unity.
'Tis like the oil on Aaron's head,
Which to his feet distills;
Like Hermon' s dew, so richly shed
On Zion's sacred hills.
For there the Lord of light and love
A blessing sent with power:
Oh, may we all this blessing prove
Even life for evermore !
On friendship's altar rising here,
Our hands now plighted be,
To live in love with hearts sincere,
In peace and unity.
It is a duty incumbent on every Master of a Lodge, before
the ceremony of initiation takes place, to inform the candidate
of the purpose and design of the institution ; to explain the
nature of his solemn engagements, and, in a manner peculiar
to Masons alone, to require his cheerful acquiescence to the
duties of morality and virtue, and all the sacred tenets of the
Toward the close of the section is explained that peculiar
ensign of Masonry, the lamb-sJrin, or
white leather apron, which is an emblem
of innocence, and the badge of a Mason ;
more ancient than the Golden Fleece or
Roman Eagle ; more honorable than the
Star and Garter, or any other order that could be conferred
upon the candidate at the time of his initiation, or at any time
thereafter, by king, prince, potentate, or any other person,
except he be a Mason ; and which every one ought to wear,
with equal pleasure to himself and honor to the Fraternity. 1
i The Masonic apron of the symbolic degrees should be cut with right
22 ENTERED APPRENTICE.
This section closes with an explanation of the worlcing tools
and implements of an Entered apprentice, which are, the
Twenty-four inch Gauge and the Common Gavel 1
The Twenty-four inch Gauge is an instrument made use of
by operative Masons, to measure and lay out their work ; but
we, as free and accepted Masons, are taught to make use of it
for the more noble and glorious purpose of dividing our time.
It being divided into twenty-four equal parts, is emblematical
of the twenty-four hours of the day, which we are taught to
divide into three equal parts, whereby we find eight hours for
the service of God and a distressed worthy Brother, eight
hours for our usual avocations, and eight for refreshment and
The Common Gavel is an instrument made use of by
operative masons, to break off the corners of rough stones,
the better to fit them for the builder's usej but we, as free
and accepted Masons, are taught to make use of it for the
more noble and glorious purpose of divesting our minds and
consciences of all the vices and superfluities of life, there-
1 These should be a part of the furniture or equipments of the Lodge,
The correct form of the Gavel is given above.
SECOND SECTION. 23
by fitting our bodies, as living stones, for that spiritual
building, that house not made with hands, eternal in tht
THE SECOND SECTION.
The second section rationally accounts for the origin of
our hieroglyphical instruction, and convinces us of the ad-
vantages which will ever accompany a faithful observance of
our duty; it maintains, beyond the power of contradiction,
the propriety of our rites, while it demonstrates to the most
skeptical and hesitating mind, their excellence and utility;
it illustrates, at the same time, certain particulars, of which
our ignorance might lead us into error, and which, as Masons,
we are indispensably bound to know. 1
To make a daily progress in the art, is our constant duty,
and expressly required by our general laws. What end can
be more noble, than the pursuit of virtue? What motive
more alluring than the practice of justice? or what instruc-
tion more beneficial, than an accurate elucidation of sym-
bolical mysteries which tend to embellish and adorn the
mind? Everything that strikes the eye, more immediately
engages the attention, and imprints on the memory serious
and solemn truths; hence, Masons, universally adopting this
method of inculcating the tenets of their Order by typical
figures and allegorical emblems, prevent their mysteries from
descending into the familiar reach of inattentive and unpre-
pared novices, from whom they might not receive due ven-
Our records inform us, that the usages and customs of
Masons have ever corresponded with those of the Egyptian
1 It is not enough to instruct the initiate in the forms through which
he has passed; this were but child-like and trivial. The antiquity,
origin, and meaning of those forms is that which alone can recom-
mend them to the intellectual mind. In this, and not in mere expert*
ness or dramatic effect, lies the forte of a skillful Master.
24 ENTERED APPRENTICE.
philosophers, to which they bear a near affinity. Unwilling
to expose their mysteries to vulgar eyes, they concealed their
particular tenets, and principles of polity, under hierogiyphi-
cal figures ; and expressed their notions of government by
signs and symbols, which they communicated to their Magi
alone, and who were bound by oath not to reveal them. The
Pythagorean system seems to have been established on a
similar plan, and many orders of a more recent date. Ma-
sonry, however, is not only the most ancient, but the most
moral institution that ever subsisted; every character, figure,
and emblem, depicted in a Lodge, has a moral tendency, and
inculcates the practice of virtue. 1
THE BADGE OF A MASON.
Every candidate, at his initiation, is presented with a
lambskin or white leather apron. 2
The Lamb has, in all ages, been deemed an emblem of
innocence; he, therefore, who wears the
lamb-skin as a badge of Masonry, is
thereby continually reminded of that
purity of life and conduct, which is es-
1 It must not be supposed that all the ancient emblems and symbols
of Masonry are given in this or any other Manual. Many have fallen
into disuse; some are too closely allied to the essential secrets of Ma-
sonry to be published with safety; while some are too elaborate for a
2 By the Old Regulations, No. VII, " Every Brother at his making, ia
decently to clothe the Lodge, that is, all the Brethren present." By
sentially necessary to his gaining admission into the Celes-
tial Lodge above, where the Supreme Architect of the Uni-
THE THIRD SECTION.
The third section explains the nature and principles of our
constitution, and teaches us to discharge with propriety the
duties of our respective stations. Here, too, we receive in-
struction relative to the form, supports, covering, furniture,
ornaments, lights and jewels of a Lodge, how it should be
situated, and to whom dedicated. A proper attention is also
paid to our ancient and venerable patrons.
From east to west, Freemasonry extends, and between the
north and south, in every clime and nation, are Masons to
be found. 1
this was meant the presentation of white gloves and aprons. But the
usage with us has become obsolete.
1 Modern investigations prove this assertion to 6e well founded.
Our institution is said to be supported by Wisdom, Strength t
and Beauty; because it is necessary that there should ba
wisdom to contrive, strength to support, and beauty to adorn
all great and important undertakings. Its dimensions are
unlimited, and its covering no less than the canopy of heaven.
To this object the Mason's mind is continually directed, and
thither he hopes at last to arrive, by the aid of the theolo-
gical ladder which Jacob in his vision saw ascending from
earth to heaven ; the three principal rounds of which are
Every civilized land has its Lodges ; every nation possessing the spark
of liberty and religion, its trestle-board of Masonic secrets.
denominated Faith, Hope, and Charity ; and which admonish
us to have faith in God, hope in immortality, and charity
to all mankind.
Every well governed Lodge is furnished with the Holy
Bible, the Square, and the Compass; the
Bible points out the path that leads to
happiness, and is dedicated to God; the
Square teaches us to regulate our conduct
by the principles of morality and virtue,
and is dedicated to the Master; the Compass teaches us to
limit our desires in every station, and is dedicated to the
The Bible is dedicated to the service of God, because it is
the inestimable gift of God to man. The Square to the
Master, because, being the proper Masonic emblems of his
office, it is constantly to remind him of the duty he owes to
the Lodge over which he is appointed to preside; and the
Compass to the Craft, because by a due attention to its use,
they are taught to regulate their desires, and keep their
passions within due bounds.
Wgsm | n!iii'';ii i !i;'iii'':i' l :i!'i» l ::i'!:;:;' ii 1ii''':;;' 1|l !Wli , :!;i|:! 1
^„ ■ih,.-.:,i 1 ;: 'n... •" l ,iii,.Mii.:!.in„ l iii,:..i.i. 'in "n.iii m
fo ^SSmm Mim "iT'l'iiim 1 " 1 - hl """"" |!
The ornamental parts of a Lodge, displayed in this section,
are, the Mosaic pavement, the Indented tessel, and the Blazing
star. The Mosaic pavement is a representation of the ground
floor of king Solomon's Temple; the Indented tessel, that
beautiful tesselated border, or skirting, which surrounded it;
and the Blazing star, in the center, is commemorative of the
star which appeared, to guide the wise men of the East to
the place of our Savior's nativity. The Mosaic pavement is
emblematic of human life, checkered with good and evil;
the Beautiful Border which surrounds it, those blessings and
comforts which surround us, and which we hope to obtain
by a faithful reliance on Divine Providence, which is hiero-
glyphically represented by the B^.ing star in the center.
The Movable and Immovable ie*vels
tion in this section. 1
also claim our atte?*-
By the general usage, the square, level and plumb are styled the
Tbe Rough ashler is a stone, as taken
from the quarry in its rude and natural
The Perfect ashler is a stone made ready
by the hands of the workman to be ad-
justed by the tools of the Fellow-craft. '%■■■■■■
The Trestle-board is for the master workman to draw hag
By the Rough ashlar, we are reminded of our rude and
imperfect state by nature; by the Perfect ashlar, that state
of perfection at which we hope to arrive, by a virtuous
education, our own endeavors, and the blessing of God; and
by the Trestle-board, we are reminded, that as the operative
workman erects his temporal building agreeably to the rules
and designs laid down by the Master on his trestle-board,
so should we, both operative and speculative, endeavor to
erect our spiritual building agreeably to the rules and de-
immovable jewels, and this is in accordance with Webb's private
signs laid down by the Supreme Architect of the Universe,
in the book of life, which is our spiritual trestle-board.
By a recurrence to the chapter upon the Dedication of
Lodges, it will be perceived, that although our ancient breth-
ren dedicated their Lodges to king Solomon, yet Masons pro-
fessing Christianity dedicate theirs to St. John the Baptist,
and St. John the Evangelist, who were eminent patrons of
Masonry; and since their time there is represented in every
regular and well-governed Lodge, a cer-
tain Point within a Circle; the Point
representing an individual brother, the
Circle representing the boundary line of
his duty to God and man, beyond which
he is never to suffer his passions, preju-
dices or interests to betray him on any
occasion. This Circle is embordered by
two perpendicular parallel lines, represent-
ing St. John the Baptist and St. John the
Evangelist; who were perfect parallels, in Christianity as well
as Masonry; and upon the vertex rests the book of Holy
Scriptures, which point out the whole duty of man. In going
round this circle, we necessarily touch upon these two lines,
as well as upon the Holy Scriptures ; and while a Mason
keeps himself thus circumscribed, it is impossible that he
should materially err.
This section, though the last in rank, is not the least con-
siderable in importance. It strengthens those which precede,
and enforces, in the most engaging manner, a due regard to
character and behavior, in public as well as in private life \
in the Lodge as well as in the general commerce of society.
It forcibly inculcates the most instructive lessons. Broth-
erly Love, Relief, and Truth, are themes on which we here
OF BROTHERLY LOVE.
By the exercise of broth-
erly love, we are taught to
regard the whole human
species as one family — the
high and low, the rich and
poor; who, as created by
one Almighty Parent, and
inhabitants of the same
planet, are to aid, support, and protect each other. On this
principle, Masonry unites men of every country, sect, and
opinion, and conciliates true friendship among those who
might otherwise have remained at a perpetual distance.
To relieve the distressed
is a duty incumbent on all
men ; but particularly on
Masons, who are linked
together by an indissoluble
chain of sincere affection.
To soothe the unhappy, to
sympathize with their mis-
fortunes, to compassionate
their miseries, and to restore peace to their troubled minds,
is the grand aim we have in view. On this basis we form
our friendships, and establish our connections.
Truth is a divine at-
tribute, and the foun-
dation of every vir-
tue. To be good and
true, is the first lesson
we are taught in Ma-
sonry. On this theme we contemplate, and by its dictates
endeavor to regulate our conduct. Hence, while influenced
by this principle, hypocrisy and deceit are unknown among
us, sincerity and plain dealing distinguish us, and the heart
and tongue join in promoting each other's welfare, and
rejoicing in each other's prosperity.
To this illustration succeeds an explanation of the four
cardinal virtues — Temperance, Fortitude, Prudence and Justice}
1 This order of arranging the cardinal virtues, while it is the oldest
in Masonic use, is also the most convenient. They are found, however
34 ENTERED APPRENTICE.
Temperance is that due restraint upon our affections and
passions, which renders the body tame and governable, and
frees the mind from the allurements of vice. This virtue
should be the constant practice of every Mason, as he is
thereby taught to avoid excess, or contracting any licentious
or vicious habit, the indulgence of which might lead him to
disclose some of those valuable secrets, which he has promised
to conceal and never reveal, and which would consequently
subject him to the contempt and detestation of all good
Fortitude is that noble and steady purpose of the mind,
whereby we are enabled to undergo any pain, peril or danger,
when prudentially deemed expedient. This virtue is equally
distant from rashness and cowardice ; and, like the former,
should be deeply impressed upon the mind of every Mason,
as a safeguard or security against any illegal attack that may
be made, by force or otherwise, to extort from him any of
those secrets with which he has been so solemnly intrusted,
and which was emblematically represented upon his first
admission into the Lodge.
Prudence teaches us to regulate our lives and actions
agreeably to the dictates of reason, and is that habit by which
in the Apocryphal Books of the wisdom of Solomon, Ch. 8, v. 7, in the
order of Temperance, Prudence, Justice and Fortitude.
THIRD SECTION. 35
we wisely judge, and prudentially determine, on all things
relative to our present, as well as to our future happiness.
This virtue should be the peculiar characteristic of every
Mason, not only for the government of his conduct while in
the Lodge, but also when abroad in the world. It should be
particularly attended to in all strange and mixed companies,
never to let fall the least sign, token or word, whereby the
secrets of Masonry might be unlawfully obtained.
Justice is that standard or boundary of right which
enables us to render to every man his just due, without
distinction. This virtue is not only consistent with Divine
and human laws, but is the very cement and support of civil
society ; and as justice in a great measure constitutes the real
good man, so should it be the invariable practice of every
Mason never to deviate from the minutest principles thereof.
The illustration of these virtues is accompanied with some
general observations peculiar to Masons. 1
Such is the arrangement of the different sections in the
iThe illustration of Masonic Service, viz.: freedom, fervency, and zeal
was an important part of Webb's system of lectures.
36 ENTERED APPRENTICE.
first lecture, which, with the forms adopted at the .opening
and closing of a Lodge, comprehends the whole of the first
degree of Masonry. This plan has the advantage of regu-
larity to recommend it, the support of precedent and author-
ity, and the sanction and respect which flow from antiquity.
The whole is a regular system of morality, conceived in a
strain of interesting allegory, which must unfold its beauties
to the candid and industrious inquirer.
CHARGE AT INITIATION INTO THE FIRST. DEGREE.
Brother: — As you are now introduced into the first prin-
ciples of Masonry, I congratulate you on being accepted
into this ancient and honorable Order; ancient, as having
subsisted from time immemorial ; and honorable, as tending,
in every particular, so to render all men who will be conform-
able to its precepts. No institution was ever raised on a
better principle, or more solid foundation ; nor were ever
more excellent rules and useful maxims laid down, than are
inculcated in the several Masonic lectures. The greatest and
best of men in all ages have been encouragers and promoters
of the art, and have never deemed it derogatory from their
dignity to level themselves with the fraternity, extend their
privileges, and patronize their assemblies.
There are three great duties, which, as a Mason, you are
charged to inculcate — to God, your neighbor, and yourself.
To God, in never mentioning his name, but with that rever-
ential awe which is due from a creature to his Creator; to
implore his aid in all your laudable undertakings, and to
esteem him as the chief good : to your neighbor, in acting
upon the square, and doing unto him as you wish he should
do unto you : and to yourself, in avoiding all irregularity and
intemperance, which may impair your faculties, or debase
the dignity of your profession. A zealous attachment to
these duties will insure public and private esteem.
In the State, you are to be a quiet and peaceful subject,
true to your government, and just to your country ; you are
not to countenance disloyalty or rebellion, but patiently sub-
mit to legal authority, and conform with cheerfulness to the
government of the country in which you live.
In your outward demeanor be particularly careful to avoid
censure or reproach. Let not interest, favor, or prejudice,
bias your integrity, or influence you to be guilty of a dis-
honorable action. Although your frequent appearance at
our regular meetings is earnestly solicited, yet it is not meant
that Masonry should interfere with your necessary vocations ;
for these are on no account to be neglected' neither are you
to suffer your zeal for the institution to lead you into argu-
ment with those who, through ignorance, may ridicule it.
At your leisure hours, that you may improve in Masonic
knowledge, you are to converse with well-informed brethren,
who will be always as ready to give, as you will be ready
to receive instruction.
Finally ; keep sacred and inviolable ihe mysteries of the
Order, as these are to distinguish you from the rest of the
community, and mark your consequence among Masons. If,
in the circle of your acquaintance, you find a person desirous
of being initiated into Masonry, be particularly attentive not
to recommend him, unless you are convinced he will conform
to our rules; that the honor, glory, and reputation of the
institution may be firmly established, and the world at large
convinced of its good effects.
38 REMARKS ON THE SECOND DEGREE.
REMARKS ON THE SECOND DEGREE.
Masonry is a progressive science, and is divided into dif-
ferent classes or degrees, for the more regular advancement
in the knowledge of its mysteries. According to the pro-
gress we make, we limit or extend our inquiries; and in
proportion to our capacity, we attain to a less or greater
degree of perfection.
Masonry includes within its circle almost every branch of
polite learning. Under the vail of its mysteries is compre-
hended a regular system of science. Many of its illustra-
tions, to the confined genius, may appear unimportant; but
the man of more enlarged faculties will perceive them to be,
in the highest degree, useful and interesting. To please the
accomplished scholar, and ingenious artist, Masonry is wisely
planned; and, in the investigation of its latent doctrines,
the philosopher and mathematician may experience equal
delight and satisfaction.
To exhaust the various subjects of which it treats, would
transcend the powers of the brightest genius ; still, however,
nearer approaches to perfection may be made, and the man of
wisdom will not check the progress of his abilities, though
the task he attempts may at first seem insurmountable.
Perseverance and application remove each difficulty as it
occurs; every step he advances^ new pleasures open to his
view, and instruction of the noblest kind attends his re-
searches. In the diligent pursuit of knowledge, the intel-
lectual faculties are employed in promoting the glory of God,
and +he good of man.
The first degree is well calculated to enforce the duties of
morality, and imprint on the memory the noblest principles
REMARKS ON THE SECOND DEGREE. 39
which can adorn the human mind. It is, therefore, the best
introduction to the second degree, which not only extends
the same plan, but comprehends a more diffusive system of
Here practice and theory join, in qualifying the industrious
Mason to share the pleasures which an advancement in the
art must necessarily afford. Listening with attention to the
wise opinions of experienced Craftsmen on important subjects,
he gradually familiarizes his mind to useful instruction, and
is soon enabled to investigate truths of the utmost concern in
the general transactions of life.
From this system proceeds a rational amusement; while the
mental powers are fully employed, the judgment is properly
exercised. A spirit of emulation prevails; and all are in-
duced to vie who shall most excel in promoting the valuable
rules of the Institution.
THE FIRST SECTION.
The first section of the second degree accurately elucidates
the mode of introduction into that particular class ; and in-
structs the diligent Craftsman how to proceed in the proper
arrangement of the ceremonies used on the occasion. It
qualifies him to judge of their importance, and convinces him
of the necessity of strictly adhering to every established usage
of the Order. Here he is intrusted with particular tests, to
enable him to prove his title to the privileges of this degree,
while satisfactory reasons are given for their origin. Many
duties, which cement in the firmest union well informed
Brethren, are illustrated in this section ; and an opportunity
is given to make such advances in Masonry, as will always
1 A convenient formula for this is thus given : in the First Degree we
are taught Morality; in the Second, Science; in the Third, Religion
The instruction to the entered Apprentice is directed to the heart; to
the Fellow-craft, to the intellect; to the Master Mason, to the soul.
40 REMARKS ON THE SECOND DEGREE.
distinguish the abilities of those who have arrived at prefer-
ment. The knowledge of this section is absolutely necessary
for all Craftsmen ; and as it recapitulates the ceremony of
initiation, and contains many other important particulars, no
officer or member of a Lodge should Toe unacquainted with it.
THE ATTENTIVE EAR, THE INSTRUCTIVE TONGUE,
AND THE FAITHFUL BREAST.
" Thus he showed me ; and behold the Lord stood upon a wall
made by a plumb-line, with a plumb-line in his hand.
"And the Lord said unto me, Amos, what seest thou? And I
said, A plumb-line. Then said the Lord, Behold, I will set a
plumb-line in the midst of my people Israel: I will not again pass
by them any more." — Amos vii.
PARAPHRASE OF THE ABOVE FOR MUSIC.
His laws inspire our being:
Our light is from his Sun;
Beneath the Eye All-seeing
Our Mason's work is done
His Plumb-line, in uprightness,
Our faithful guide shall be,
And in the Source of brightness
Our willing eyes shall see.
Thou, Father, art the Giver
To every earnest prayer—
Oh, be the Guide forever
To this our brother dear 1
By law and precept holy,
By token, word and sign,
Exalt him, now so lowly,
Upon this grand design.
Within thy chamber name him
A workman wise and true — ■
While loving Crafts shall claim him
In bonds of friendship due :
Thus shall these walls extol Thee,
And future ages prove
What Mason's joy to call thee,—
The God of Truth and Love.
The Plumb, Square and Level, those noble and useful im-
plements of a Fellow-cralt; are here introduced and moral-
42 FELLOW CRAFT.
ized, and serve as a constant admonition to the practice of
virtue and morality.
The Plumb is an instrument made use of by operative
Masons, to raise perpendiculars, the Square, to square their
"work, and the Level, to lay horizontals ; but we, as Free and
Accepted Masons, are taught to make use of them for more
noble and glorious purposes. The Plumb admonishes us to
walk uprightly in our several stations before God and man,
squaring our actions by the Square of virtue, and remem-
bering that we are traveling upon the Level of time, to
that undiscovered country, from whose bourn no traveler
THE SECOND SECTION.
The second section of this degree has recourse to the
origin of the institution, and views Masonry under two de-
nominations, operative and speculative. These are separately
considered, and the principles on which both are founded,
particularly explained. Their affinity is pointed out by
allegorical figures, and typical representations. The period
stipulated for rewarding merit is fixed, and the inimitable
moral to which that circumstance alludes is explained. The
creation of the world is described, and many particulars
recited, all of which have been carefully preserved among
Masons, and transmitted from one age to another, by oral
Circumstances of great importance to the fraternity are
here particularized, and many traditional tenets and customs
confirmed by sacred and profane record. The celestial and
terrestrial globes are considered ; and here the accomplished
I See the Appendix for Ode, " The Emblems of the Graft, in which a
practical application of these emblems is made.
SECOND SECTION. 43
gentleman may display his talents to advantage in the elu-
cidation of the Orders of Architecture, the Senses of human
nature, and the liberal Arts and Sciences, which are severally
classed in a regular arrangement. In short, this section con-
tains a store of valuable knowledge, founded on reason and
jsacred record, both entertaining and instructive. 1
Masonry is considered under two denominations — Operative
By Operative Masonry we allude to a proper application of
the useful rules of architecture, whence a structure will de-
rive figure, strength and beauty, and whence will result a
due proportion, and a just correspondence in all its parts. It
furnishes us with dwellings, and convenient shelter from the
vicissitudes and inclemencies of seasons ; and while it dis-
plays the effects of human wisdom, as well in the choice, as
in the arrangement, of the sundry materials of which an edi-
fice is composed, it demonstrates that a fund of science and
industry is implanted in man for the best, most salutary and
By Speculative Masonry, we learn to subdue the passions,
act upon the square, keep a tongue of good report, main-
tain secrecy, and practice charity. It is so far interwoven
with religion, as to lay us under obligations to pay that
1 It is not strictly necessary in this portion of the Lectures that any
set forms of words should be employed. The Brother whose duty it is
to moralize upon the Winding Stairway, is expected to draw upon his
intellectual resources to their fullest extent. Large accessions to this
part of Masonry may be derived from " The Historical Landmarks of
Masonry" (U. M. L. Vov. XI. and XII.)
rational homage to the Deity, which at once constitutes our
duty and our happiness. It leads the contemplative to view
with reverence and admiration the glorious works of the
creation, and inspires him with the most exalted ideas of the
perfections of his Divine Creator.
In six days God created the heavens and the earth, and
rested upon the seventh day ; the seventh, therefore, our an-
cient brethren consecrated as a day of rest from their labors,
2 Chr. iii: 15.
1 Kings vii : 15.
thereby enjoying frequent opportunities to contemplate the
glorious works of the creation, and to adore their great
The doctrine of the spheres is included in the science of
astronomy, and particularly considered in this section,
OF THE GLOBES.
The globes are two artificial spherical bodies on the con-
vex surface of which are represented the countries, seas,
and various parts of the earth, the face of the heavens, the
planetary revolutions, and other particulars.
The sphere, with the parts of the earth delineated on its
surface, is called the terrestrial globe ; and that with the
constellations, and other heavenly bodies, the celestial globe.
THE USE OF THE GLOBES.
Their principal use, beside serving as maps to distinguish
the outward parts of the earth, and the situation of the fixed
46 FELLOW CRAFT.
stars, is to illustrate and explain the phenomena arising from
the annual revolution, and the diurnal rotation, of the earth
round its own axis. They are the noblest instruments for
improving the mind, and giving it the most distinct idea of
any problem or proposition, as well as enabling it to solve
the same. Contemplating these bodies, we are inspired with
a due reverence for the Deity and his works, and are induced
to encourage the studies of astronomy, geography, naviga-
tion, and the arts dependent on them, by which society has
been so much benefited.
The orders of architecture come under consideration in
this section \ a brief description of them may therefore not
OF ORDER IN ARCHITECTURE.
By order in architecture, is meant a system of all the mem-
bers, proportions and ornaments of columns, and pilasters,
or, it is a regular arrangement of the projecting parts of i
building, which, united with those of a column, form a
beautiful, perfect and complete whole
OF ITS ANTIQUITY.
From the first formation of society, order in architecture
may be traced. When the rigor of seasons obliged men to
contrive shelter from the inclemency of the weather, we learn
that they first planted trees on end, and then laid others
across, to support a covering. The bands which connected
those trees at the top and bottom, are said to have given rise
to the idea of the base and capital of pillars; and from this
simple hint originally proceeded the more improved art of
The five orders are thus classed : the Tuscan, Doric, Ionic,
Corinthian, and Composite.
Is the most simple and solid of the five orders. It was
invented in Tuscany, whence it derives its name. Its col-
umn is seven diameters high ; and its capital, base and
entablature have but few moldings. The simplicity of the
construction of this column renders it eligible where orna-
ment would be superfluous.
Which is plain and natural, is the most ancient, and was
invented by the Greeks. Its column is eight diameters high,
and has seldom any ornaments on base or capital, except
moldings;' though the frieze is distinguished by triglyphs
48 FELLOW CRAFT.
and metopes, and triglyphs compose the ornaments of the
frieze. The solid composition of this order gives it a prefer-
ence in structures where strength and noble simplicity are
The Doric is the best proportioned of all the orders. The
several parts of which it is composed are founded on the
natural position of solid bodies. In its first invention it was
more simple than in its present state. In after times, when
it began to be adorned, it gained the name of Doric ; for
when it was constructed in its primitive and simple form,
the name of Tuscan was conferred on it. Hence the Tuscan
precedes the Doric in rank, on account of its resemblance
to that pillar in its original state.
Bears a kind of mean proportion between the more solid
and delicate orders. Its column is nine diameters high ; its
capital is adorned with volutes, and its cornice has dentals.
There is both delicacy and ingenuity displayed in this
pillar, the invention of which is attributed to the Ionians,
as the famous temple of Diana, at Ephesus, was of this order.
It is said to have been formed after the model of an agree-
able young woman, of an elegant shape, dressed in her hair;
as a contrast to the Doric order, which was formed after that
of a strong, robust man.
The richest of the five orders, is deemed a masterpiece of
art. Its column is ten diameters high, and its capital is
adorned with two rows of leaves, and eight volutes, which
SECOND SECTION. 49
sustains the abacus. The frieze is ornamented with curious
devices, the cornice with dentals and modillions. This order
is used in stately and superb structures.
ON THE INVENTION OF THIS ORDER.
It was invented at Corinth, by Callimachus, who is said to
have taken the hint of the capital of this pillar from the
following remarkable circumstances. Accidentally passing
by the tomb of a young lady, he perceived a basket of toys,
covered with a tile, placed over an acanthus root, having been
left there by her nurse. As the branches grew up, they
encompassed the basket, till, arriving at the tile, they met
with an obstruction, and bent downward. Callimachus,
struck with the object, set about imitating the figure; the
vase of the capital he made to represent the basket; the
abacus the tile; and the volutes the bending leaves.
Is compounded of the other orders, and was contrived by
the Romans. Its capital has the two rows of leaves of the
Corinthian, and the volutes of the Ionic. Its column has
the quarter-round as the Tuscan and Doric order, is ten
diameters high, and its cornice has dentals, or simple modil-
lions. This pillar is generally found in buildings where
strength, elegance and beauty are displayed.
OF THE INVENTION OF ORDER IN ARCHITECTURE.
The ancient and original orders of architecture, revered by
Masons, are no more than three, the Doric, Ionic, and Cor-
inthian, which were invented by the Greeks. To these the
50 FELLOW CRAFT.
Romans have added two: the Tuscan, which they made
plainer than the Doric; and the Composite, which was more
ornamental, if not more beautiful, than the Corinthian. The
first three orders alone, however, show invention and particu-
lar character, and essentially differ from each other; the two
others having nothing but what is borrowed, and differ only
accidentally; the Tuscan is the Doric in its earliest state; and
the Composite is the Corinthian enriched with the Ionic. To
the Greeks, therefore, and not to the Romans, we are indebted
for what is great, judicious and distinct in architecture.
OF THE FIVE SENSES OF HUMAN NATURE.
An analysis of the human faculties is next given in this
section, in which the five external senses particularly claim
attention: these are, hearing, seeing, feeling, smelling and
Is that sense by which we distinguish sounds, and are
capable of enjoying all the agreeable charms of music. By it
we are enabled to enjoy the pleasures of society, and recipro-
cally to communicate to each other our thoughts and inten-
tions, our purposes and desires; while thus our reason is
capable of exerting its utmost power and energy.
The wise and beneficent Author of Nature intended, by the
formation of this sense, that we should be social creatures,
and receive the greatest and most important part of our
knowledge by the information of others. For these purposes
we are endowed with hearing, that, by a proper exertion of
our natural powers, our happiness may be complete.
SECOND SECTION. 51
Is that sense by which we distinguish objects, and in an
instant of time, without change of place or situation, view
armies in battle array, figures of the most stately structures,
and all the agreeable variety displayed in the landscape of
nature. By this sense we find our way in the pathless ocean,
traverse the globe of earth, determine its figure and dimen-
sions, and delineate any region or quarter of it. By it we
measure the planetary orbs, and make new discoveries in the
sphere of the fixed stars. Nay, more : by it we perceive the
tempers and dispositions, the passions and affections, of our
fellow-creatures, when they wish most to conceal them ; so
that, though the tongue may be taught to lie and dissemble,
the countenance would display hypocrisy to the discerning
eye. In fine, the rays of light which administer to this sense,
are the most astonishing parts of the animated creation, and
render the eye a peculiar object of admiration.
Of all the faculties, sight is the noblest. The structure of
the eye, and its appurtenances, evinces the admirable contri-
vance of nature for performing all its various external and
internal motions ; while the variety displayed in the eyes of
different animals suited to their several ways of life, clearly
demonstrate this organ to be the masterpiece of nature's work.
Is that sense by which we distinguish the different qualities
of bodies ; such as heat and cold, hardness and softness, rough-
ness and smoothness, figure, solidity, motion and extension.
These three senses, hearing, seeing, and feeling, are
deemed peculiarly essential among Masons.
52 FELLOW CRAFT.
Is that sense by which we distinguish odors, the various
kinds of which convey different impressions to the mind.
Animal and vegetable bodies, and indeed most other bodies,
while exposed to the air, continually send forth effluvia of
vast subtilty, as well in the state of life and growth as in the
state of fermentation and putrefaction. These effluvia, being
drawn into the nostrils along with the air, are the means by
which all bodies are smelled. Hence it is evident, that there
is a manifest appearance of design in the great Creator's
having planted the organ of smell in the inside of that canal,
through which the air continually passes in respiration.
Enables us to make a proper distinction in the choice of
aur food. The organ of this sense guards the entrance of the
alimentary canal, as that of smelling guards the entrance of
the canal for respiration. From the situation of both these
organs, it is plain that they were intended by nature to
distinguish wholesome food from that which is nauseous.
Everything that enters into the stomach must undergo the
scrutiny of tasting ; and by it we are capable of discerning
the changes which the same body undergoes in the different
compositions of art, cookery, chemistry, pharmacy, etc.
Smelling and tasting are inseparably connected, and it is
by the unnatural kind of life men commonly lead in society,
that these senses are rendered less fit to perform their natural
On the mind all our knowledge must depend : what, there-
fore, can be a more proper subject for the investigation of
SECOND DEGREE. 53
Masons? By anatomical dissection and observation, we be-
come acquainted with the body; but it is by the anatomy of
the mind alone we discover its powers and principles.
To sum up the whole of this transcendent measure of God's
bounty to man, we shall add, that memory, imagination, taste,
reasoning, moral perception, and all the active powers of the
soul, present a vast and boundless field for philosophical dis-
quisition, which far exceed human inquiry, and are peculiar
mysteries, known only to nature, and to nature's God, to
whom we and all are indebted for creation, preservation, and
every blessing we enjoy.
OF THE SEVEN LIBERAL ARTS AND SCIENCES.
The seven liberal Arts and Sciences (Grammar, Rhetoric,
Logic, Arithmetic, Geometry, Music and Astronomy), are
next illustrated in this section : it may not, therefore, be
improper to insert here a short explanation of them. 1
Grammar teaches the proper arrangement of words, accord-
ing to the idiom or dialect of any particular people; and that
excellency of pronunciation, which enables us to speak or
write a language with accuracy, agreeably to reason and cor-
Rhetoric teaches us to speak copiously and fluently on any
subject, not merely with propriety alone, but with all the ad-
1 The full explanations, with their Masonic applications, are conveyed
in the lectures of the enlightened Master, whose mind is stored with
knowledge, and whose experience has shown him the readiest method
of directing it.
54 FELLOW CRAFT.
vantages of force and elegance ; wisely contriving to captivate
the hearer by strength of argument and beauty of expression,
whether it be to entreat and exhort, to admonish or applaud.
Logic teaches us to guide our reason discretionally in the
general knowledge of things, and directs our inquiries after
truth. It consists of a regular train of argument, whence we
infer, deduce, and conclude, according to certain premises
laid down, admitted, or granted ; and in it are employed the
faculties of conceiving, judging, reasoning, and disposing j all
of which are naturally led on from one gradation to another,
till the point in question is finally determined.
Arithmetic teaches the powers and properties of numbers,
which is variously effected, by letters, tables, figures and
instruments. By this art reasons and demonstrations are
given, for finding out any certain number, whose relation or
affinity to another is already known or discovered.
GEOMETRY, OR THE FIFTH SCIENCE.
Geometry treats of the powers and properties of magnitudes
in general, where length, breadth, and thickness, are con-
sidered, from a point to a line, from a line to a superficies, and
from a superficies to a solid.
A point is a dimensionless figure; or an indivisible part
A line is a point continued, and a figure of one capacity,
A superficies is a figure of two dimensions, namely, length
SECOND DEGREE. 55
A solid is a figure of three dimensions, namely, length,
breadth, and thickness.
OF THE ADVANTAGES OP GEOMETRY.
By this science, the architect is enabled to construct his
plans, and execute his designs; the general to arrange his
soldiers ; the engineer to mark out ground for encampments;
the geographer to give us the dimensions of the world, and
all things therein contained, to delineate the extent of seas,
and specify the divisions of empires, kingdoms and provinces.
By it, also, the astronomer is enabled to make his observa-
tions, and to fix the duration of times and seasons, years
and cycles. In fine, geometry is the foundation of architec-
ture, and the root of the mathematics.
Music teaches the art of forming concords, so as to com-
pose delightful harmony, by a mathematical and proportional
arrangement of acute, grave and mixed sounds. This art, by
a series of experiments, is reduced to a demonstrative science,
with respect to tones, and the intervals of sound. It inquires
into the nature of concords and discords, and enables us to
find out the proportion between them by numbers.
Astronomy is that divine art, by which we are taught to
read the wisdom, strength and beauty of the Almighty
Creator, in those sacred pages, the celestial hemisphere.
Assisted by astronomy, we can observe the motions, measure
the distances, comprehend the magnitudes, and calculate the
periods and eclipses of the heavenly bodies. By it we learn
56 FELLOW CRAFT.
tha use of the globes, the system of the world, and the pre-
liminary law of nature. While we are employed in the study
of this science, we must perceive unparalleled instances of
wisdom and goodness, and, through the whole creation, trace
the glorious Author by his works.
OF THE MORAL ADVANTAGES OF GEOMETRY.
From this theme we proceed to illustrate the moral advan-
tages of Geometry j a subject on which the following obser-
vations may not be unacceptable:
Geometry, the first and noblest of sciences, is the basis on
which the superstructure of Masonry is erected. By geome-
try, we may curiously trace nature, through her various wind-
ings, to her most concealed recesses. By it, we discover the
power, the wisdom, and the goodness of the Grand Artificer
of the Universe, and view with delight the proportions which
connect this vast machine. By it we discover how the planets
move in their different orbits, and demonstrate their various
revolutions. By it we account for the return of seasons, and
the variety of scenes which each season displays to the dis-
cerning eye. Numberless worlds are around us, all framed
by the same Divine artist, which roll through the vast ex-
panse, and all conducted by the same unerring law of
A survey of nature, and the observations of her beautiful
proportions, first determined man to imitate the Divine plan,
and study symmetry and order. This gave rise to societies,
and birth to every useful art. The architect began to design,
and the plans which he laid down, being improved by
58 FELLOW CRAFT.
experience and time, have produced works which are the
admiration of every age.
The lapse of time, the ruthless hand of ignorance, and the
devastations of war, have laid waste and destroyed many val-
uable monuments of antiquity, on which the utmost exer-
tions of human genius have been employed. Even the
Temple of Solomon, so spacious and magnificent, and con-
structed by so many celebrated artists, escaped not the
unsparing ravages of barbarous force. Freemasonry, not-
withstanding, has still survived. The attentive ear receives
the sound from the instructive tongue, and the mysterios of
Masonry are safely lodged in the repository of faithful breasts.
Tools and implements of architecture are selected by the
fraternity, to imprint on the memory wise and serious
truths; and thus, through a succession of ages, are trans-
mitted unimpaired the excellent tenets of our institution.
Thus end the two sections of the second lecture, which,
with the ceremony used at opening and closing the Lodge,
comprehend the whole of the second degree of Masonry.
This lecture contains a regular system of science, demon-
strated on the clearest principles, and established on the
firmest foundation. 1
CHARGE AT INITIATION INTO THE SECOND DEGREE.
Brother : — Being advanced to the second degree of
Masonry, we congratulate you on your preferment. The
internal, and not the external qualifications of a man, are
what Masonry regards. As you increase in knowledge, you
Will improve in social intercourse.
It is unnecessary to recapitulate the duties which, as *
1 For closing Odes suitable to this Degree, see the Appendix.
SECOND SECTION. 59
Mason, you are bound to discharge or enlarge on the neces-
sity of a strict adherence to them, as your own experience
must have established their value.
Our laws and regulations you are strenuously to support ;
and be always .ready to assist in seeing them duly executed.
You are not to palliate, or aggravate, the offenses of your
brethren ; but, in the decision of every trespass against our
rules, you are to judge with candor, admonish with friend-
ship, and reprehend with justice. 1
The study of the liberal arts, that valuable branch of edu-
cation, which tends so effectually to polish and adorn the
mind, is earnestly recommended to your consideration ; espe-
cially the science of geometry, which is established as the
basis of our art. Geometry, or Masonry, originally synony-
mous terms, being of a divine and moral nature, is enriched
with the most useful knowledge ; while it proves the won-
derful properties of nature, it demonstrates the more impor-
tant truths of morality.
Your past behavior and regular deportment have merited
the honor which we have now conferred ; and in your new
character it is expected that you will conform to the princi-
ples of the Order, by steadily persevering in the practice of
every commendable virtue.
Such is the nature of your engagements as a Fellow-craft,
and to these duties you are bound by the most sacred ties. 2
• The decision of all cases of discipline is left by general usage to
Masters' Lodges alone.
2 In the first edition, that of 1797, the following injunctions were
added : " All regular signs and summonses, given and received, you
are duly to honor and punctually to obey, inasmuch as they consist
with our professed principles. You are to supply the wants and relievo
the necessities of your brethren to the utmost of your power and
ability, and on no account are you to wrong them or see them wronged,
but apprise them of approaching danger, and view their interests as
inseparable from your own."
60 MASTER MASON.
REMARKS ON THE THIRD DEGREE.
From this class the rulers of regular bodies of Masons, in
the first three degrees, are selected ; as it is only from those
who are capable of giving instruction, that we can properly
expect to receive it. The lecture of this degree, considered
separately from the duties and ceremonies appertaining to
the degree of Presiding or Past Master, is divided into three
THE FIRST SECTION.
The ceremony of initiation into the Third Degree is par-
ticularly specified in this branch of the lecture, and here
many other useful instructions are given.
Such is the importance of this section, that we may safely
declare, that the person who is unacquainted with it, is illy
qualified to act as a ruler or governor of the work.
u In our private assemblies, as a Craftsman, you may offer your sen-
timents and opinions on such subjects as are regularly introduced in
the Lecture. By this privilege you may improve your intellectual
powers, qualify yourself to become a useful member of society, and
like a skillful Brother strive to excel in everything that is good and
i For appropriate Odes to the opening of the Lodge of Master Masons,
No person should be allowed to advance from the Middle Chamber
to the Holy of Holies, until he is proficient in the last degree. A fair
proficiency consists in committing the first section of the lecture, but a
thorough proficiency in committing the whole to memory, learning to
open and close the Lodge, and to confer the degree of Fellow-craft.
By general usage, an interval of one month or more is required
between the second and third degrees.
THE THIRD DEGREE. 61
"Remember now thy Creator in the days of thy youth, while
the evil days come not, nor the years draw nigh, when thou shalt
say I have no pleasure in them; while the sun, or the light, or
the moon, or the stars, be not darkened, nor the clouds return
after the rain: in the day when the keepers of the house shall
tremble, and the strong men shall bow themselves, and the grinders
cease because they are few, and those that look out of the windows
be darkened, and the doors shall be shut in the streets, when the
sound of the grinding is low, and he shall rise up at the voice of
the bird, and all the daughters of music shall be brought low ; also
when they shall be afraid of that which is high, and fears shall be
in the way, and the almond tree shall nourish, and the grasshopper
shall be a burden, and desire shall fail : because man goeth to his
long home, and the mourners go about the streets: or ever the
silver cord be loosed, or the golden bowl be broken, or the pitcher
be broken at the fountain, or the wheel broken at the cistern. Then
Bhall the dust return to the earth as it was : and the spirit shall
ireturn Unto God who gave it." — Eccles. xii.
PARAPHRASE OP THE ABOVE FOR MTJSIO.
Let us remember in our youth,
Before the evil days draw nigh,
Our Great Creator, and his Truth,
Ere memory fail, and pleasures fly;
Or sun or moon, or planet's light
Grow dark, or clouds return in gloom ;
Ere vital spark no more incite ;
When strength shall bow and years consume.
Let us in youth remember Him !
Who formed our frame, and spirits gave
Ere windows of the mind grow dim,
Or door of speech obstructed wave ;
When voice of bird fresh terror wake,
And music's daughters charm no more,
Or fear to rise, with trembling shake,
Along the path we travel o'er.
In youth, to God let memory cling,
Before desire shall fail or wane,
Or e'er be loosed life's silver string,
Or bowl at fountain rent in twain ;
For man to his long home doth go,
And mourners group around his urn!
Our dust to dust again must now,
And spirits unto God return.
The working tools of a Master Mason, which are illustrated
in this section, are all the implements of Masonry indiscrimi-
nately, but more especially the trowel.
The Trowel is an instrument
made use of by operative Masons,
to spread the cement which unites
a building into one common mass;
but we, as Free and Accepted Masons, are taught to make
use of it for the more noble and glorious purpose of spread-
ing the cement of Brotherly love and affection; that cement
which unites us into one sacred band, or society of friends
and brothers, among whom no contention should ever exist,
but that noble contention, or rather emulation, of who best
can work, or rather best agree.
THE SECOND SECTION.
This section recites the historical traditions of the Order,
and presents to view a finished picture, of the utmost con-
sequence to the fraternity. It exemplifies an instance of
virtue, fortitude, and integrity, seldom equaled, and never
excelled, in the history of man.
PRAYER AT RAISING A BROTHER TO THE SUBLIME DEGREE
OF A MASTER MASON.
Thou, O God! knowest our down sitting and our up rising, and
understandest our thought afar off. Shield and defend us from
the evil intentions of our enemies, and support us under the trials
and afflictions we are destined to endure, while traveling through
this vale of tears. Man that is born of a woman, is of few days
and full of trouble. He eometh forth as a flower, and is cut down;
he fleeth also as a shadow, and continueth not. Seeing his days
are determined, the number of his months are with thee; thou hast
appointed his bounds that he can not pass; turn from him that he
may rest, till he shall accomplish his day. For there is hope of a
tree, if.it be cut down, that it will sprout again, and that the tender
branch thereof will not cease. But man dieth and wasteth away;
yea, man giveth up the ghost, and where is he ? As the waters fail
from the sea, and the flood decayeth and drieth up, so man lieth
down, and risetb not up till the heavens shall be no more. Yet,
O Lord! have compassion on the children of thy creation, admin-
ister them comfort in time of trouble, and save them with an ever-
lasting salvation. Amen. So mote it be. 1
THE THIRD SECTION.
The third section illustrates certain hieroglyphical em-
blems, and inculcates many useful lessons, to extend knowl-
edge, and promote virtue.
In this branch of the lecture, many particulars relative to
King Solomon's Temple are considered.
The construction of this grand edifice was attended with
two remarkable circumstances. From Josephus we learn,
that although seven years were occupied in building it, yet
during the whole term it rained not in the day time, that
the workmen might not be obstructed in their labor; and
from the sacred history it appears that there was neither the
sound of the hammer, nor ax, nor any tool of iron, Heard in
the house, while it was building.
1 This prayer is an adaptation from the xivth chapter of Job.
This famous fabric was supported by fourteen hundred and
fifty-three columns, and two thousand nine hundred and six
pilasters; all hewn from the finest Parian marble. There
were employed in its building, three Grand Masters; three
thousand and three hundred masters, or overseers of the
work; eighty thousand Fellow-crafts; and seventy thousand
Entered Apprentices, or bearers of burdens. All these were
classed and arranged in such a manner by the wisdom of
Solomon, that neither envy, discord, nor confusion were suf-
fered to interrupt that universal peace and tranquillity, which
pervaded the world at this important period. 1
i For ample particulars relative to this Sacred Edifice, see the Uhiver*
$al Masonic Library, volumes xi., xii., and others.
THIRD SECTION. 67
THE POT OF INCENSE
Is an emblem of a pure heart, which is al-
ways an acceptable sacrifice to the Deity; and,
as this glows with fervent heat, so should our r~
hearts continually glow with gratitude to the
great and beneficent Author of our existence
for the manifold blessings and comforts we en-
Is an emblem of industry, and recommends the practice of
that virtue to all created beings, from the highest seraph in
heaven, to the lowest reptile in the dust. It teaches us, that
as we came into the world rational and intelligent beings, so
we should ever be industrious ones, never «•
sitting down contented while our fellow- ^ ••-^jL, •*,
creatures around us are in want, when it is Vi^ggiHE •
in our power to relieve them, without in- ^^^^^^L
convenience to ourselves.
When we take a survey of nature, we view man, in his in-
fancy, more helpless and indigent than the brutal creation :
he lies languishing for days, months and years, totally inca-
pable of providing sustenance for himself, of guarding against
the wild beasts of the field, or sheltering himself from the
inclemencies of the weather.
It might have pleased the great Creator of heaven and earth
to have made man independent of all other beings ; but, as
dependence is one of the strongest bonds of society, mankind
were made dependent on each other for protection and secu-
rity, as they 'thereby enjoy better opportunities of fulfilling
the duties of reciprocal love and friendship. Thus was man
formed for social and active life, the noblest part of the work
of God ; and he that will so demean himself as not to be en-
deavoring to add to the common stock of knowledge and under-
standing, may be deemed a drone in the hive of nature, a useless
nember of society, and unworthy of our protection as Masons.
THE BOOK OP CONSTITUTIONS, GUARDED BY THE TYLER'S
Reminds us that we should be ever
watchful and guarded in our thoughts,
words and actions, particularly when
before the enemies of Masonry, ever bearing in remembrance
those truly Masonic virtues, silence and circumspection.
THE SWORD, POINTING TO A NAKED HEART,
Demonstrates that justice will sooner
or later overtake us ; and although our
thoughts, words, and actions, may be
hidden from the eyes of man, yet that
Whom the Sun, Moon, and Stars obey, and under whose
watchful care even Comets perform their stupendous revolu-
THIRD SECTION. 69
tions, pervades the inmost recesses of the human heart, and
will reward us according to our merits.
THE ANCHOR AND ARK
Are emblems of a well-
grounded hope, and a well-
spent life. They are emblem-
atical of that divine ark which
safely wafts us over this tem-
pestuous sea of troubles, and that anchor which shall safely
moor us in a peaceful harbor, where the wicked cease from
troubling, and the weary shall find rest.
THE FORTY-SEVENTH PROBLEM OP EUCLID 1
Was an invention of our ancient friend and
Brother, the great Pythagoras, who, in his
travels through Asia, Africa, and Europe,
was initiated into several orders of priest-
hood, and raised to the sublime degree of a
Master Mason. This wise philosopher enriched his mind
abundantly in a general knowledge of things, and more
especially in Geometry or Masonry: on this subject he drew
out many problems and theorems, and among the most dis-
tinguished, he erected this, which, in the joy of his heart, he
called Eureka, in the Grecian language signifying, I have
found it; and upon the discovery of which, he is said to have
sacrificed a hecatomb. It teaches Masons to be general
lovers of the arts and sciences.
1 [Theorem.] — In any right-angled triangle, the square which is de-
Bcribed upon the side subtending the right angle, is equal to the squares
described upon the sides which contain the right angle. — Euclia, liu I,
Is an emblem of human life. Be-
hold ! how swiftly the sands run, and
how rapidly our lives are drawing to
a close. We can not, without aston-
ishment, behold the little particles
which are contained in this machine,
how they pass away almost impercep-
tibly, and yet, to our surprise, in the short space of an hour,
they are all exhausted. Thus wastes man ! to-day, he puts
forth the tender leaves of hope ; to morrow, blossoms, and
bears his blushing honors thick upon him ; the next day
comes a frost, which nips the shoot, and when he thinks his
greatness is still aspiring, he falls, like autumn leaves, to
enrich our mother earth.
Is an emblem of time, which cuts
the brittle thread of life, and launches
us into eternity.. Behold! what havoc
the scythe of time makes among the
human race ; if by chance we should escape the numerous
evils incident to childhood and youth, and with health and
vigor arrive to the years of manhood, yet withal we must
soon be cut down by the all-devouring scythe of time, and be
gathered into the land where our fathers have gone before us.
THE THREE STEPS,
Usually delineated upon the Master's Carpet,
are emblematical of the three principal stages
of human life, viz : youth, manhood, and age.
In youth, as Entered Apprentices, we ought industriously to
occupy our minds in the attainment of useful knowledge ; in
manhood, as Fellow-crafts, we should apply our knowledge to
the discharge of our respective duties to God, our neighbors,
and ourselves; that so in age, as Master Masons, we may
enjoy the happy reflections consequent on a well-spent life,
and die in the hope of a glorious immortality.
72 MASTER MASON.
CHARGE AT INITIATION INTO THE THIRD DEGREE.
Brother: — Your zeal for the institution of Masonry, the
progress you have made in the mystery, and your conformity
to our regulations, have pointed you out as a proper object
of our favor and esteem.
You are now bound by duty, honor and gratitude, to be
faithful to your trust ; to support the dignity of your
character on every occasion ; and to enforce, by precept and
example, obedience to the tenets of the Order.
In the character of a Master Mason, you are authorized to
correct the errors and irregularities of your uninformed
brethren, and to guard them against a breach of fidelity.
To preserve the reputation of the fraternity unsullied, must
be your constant care : and for this purpose it is your
province to recommend to your inferiors, obedience and
submission ; to your equals, courtesy and affability, to your
superiors, kindness and condescension. Universal benevo-
lence you are always to inculcate ; and, by the regularity of
your own behavior, afford the best example for the conduct
of others less informed. The ancient landmarks of the
Order, intrusted to your care, you are carefully to preserve ;
and never suffer them to be infringed, or countenance a
deviation from the established usages and customs of the
Your virtue, honor and reputation are concerned in sup-
porting with dignity the character you now bear. Let no
motive, therefore, make you swerve from your duty, violate
your vows, or betray your trust; but be true and faithful, and
imitate the example of that celebrated artist whom you this
evening represent. Thus you will render yourself deserving
of the honor which we have conferred, and merit the confi-
dence that we have reposed.
THE MARK MASTER, THE MOST EXCELLENT MASTER,
AND THE ROYAL ARCH,
THE SECOND ORDER IN MASONRY,
The Capitular Degrees are conferred in a Body styled a
Chapter. The ballot is taken in the last or Royal Arch De-
gree : the same rules of balloting are observed as in a Lodge.
All discipline exercised by a Blue Lodge, such as suspension
and expulsion, is indorsed by the Chapter without question ;
in addition to which it has a discipline of its own for offenses
peculiar to its own regulations.
Not less than nine can open, work, or close a Chapter, and
this is independent of the Tyler.
The whole system of Capitular Masonry as practiced in the
United States, was organized in the latter part of the 18th
century, and owes the greater part of its intellectual beauty
and arrangement to Mr. Webb.
REMARKS ON THE FOURTH, OR MARK MASTER'S DEGREE.
This degree of Masonry was not less useful in its original
institution, nor are its effects less beneficial to mankind, than
those which precede it.
By the influence of this degree, each operative Mason, at
the erection of the Temple of Solomon, was known and dis-
tinguished by the Senior Grand Warden.
By its effects the disorder and confusion that might other-
wise have attended so immense an undertaking was com-
pletely prevented ; and not only the Craftsmen themselves,
who were eighty thousand in number, but every part of their
workmanship, was discriminated with the greatest nicety and
the utmost facility. If defects were found, by the help of this
degree, the overseers were enabled without difficulty to ascer-
tain who was the faulty workman ; so that deficiencies might
be remedied, without injuring the credit, or diminishing the
reward, of the industrious and faithful of the Craft.
CHARGE TO BE READ AT OPENING THE LODGE.
" Wherefore, brethren, lay aside all malice, and guile, and
hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil speakings :
" If so be ye have tasted that the Lord is gracious : To
whom coming as unto a living stone, disallowed indeed of
men, but chosen of God, and precious, ye also, as lively
stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to
offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God.
" Wherefore, also it is contained in the Scriptures, Behold,
I lay in Zion, for a foundation, a tried stone, a precious
corner-stone, a sure foundation ; he that believeth shall not
make haste to pass it over. Unto you, therefore, which be-
lieve, it is an honor ; and even to them which be disobedient,
the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the
head of the corner.
" Brethren, this is the will of God, that with well-doing ye
put to silence the ignorance of foolish men. As free, and not
using your liberty for a cloak of maliciousness, but as the
servants of God. Honor all men, love the brotherhood, fear
God/'— 2 Pet. ii : 1 to 17. 1
REMARKS ON THE FOURTH LECTURE.
THE FIRST SECTION.
The first section explains the manner of convocating and
opening a Mark Master's Lodge. It teaches the stations and
duties of the respective officers, and recapitulates the mystic
ceremony of introducing a candidate.
In this section is exemplified the regularity and good order
that were observed by the Craftsmen on Mount Libanus, and
in the plains and quarries of Zeredatha, and it ends with a
beautiful display of the manner in which one of the principal
events originated, which characterizes this degree.
i ' i ' i ■ i
l ! I I I ! I
I 'l ! I I I
i The regular officers of a Mark Master's Lodge are, 1. Right Wor-
shipful Master; 2. Worshipful Senior Warden; 3. Worshipful Junior
Warden; 4. Master Overseer; 5. Senior Overseer; 6. Junior Overseer;
7. Senior Deacon ; 8. Junior Deacon.
Although the antiquity of this degree can not he demonstrated, and
its origin is obscure, yet, for beauty of ceremonial, impressiveness of
principles, and the readiness with which the degree is made available in
practice between Brother and Brother, there is no other which excels it
SECOND SECTION. 77
THE SECOND SECTION.
In the second section the Mark Master is particularly
instructed in the origin and history of this degree, and the
indispensable obligations he is under to stretch forth his
assisting hand to the relief of an indigent and worthy
brother, to a certain and specified extent.
The progress made in architecture, particularly in the reign
of Solomon, is remarked; the numbers of artists employed in
the building the Temple of Jerusalem, and the privileges
they enjoyed, are specified; the mode of rewarding merit, and
of punishing the guilty, are pointed out; and the marks of
distinction which were conferred on our ancient brethren, as
the rewards of excellence, are named.
In the course of the lecture, the following texts of Scrip-
ture are introduced and explained, viz :
To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden
manna, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a
new name written, which no man knoweth saving him that
receiveth it. — Rev. ii: 17.
And we will cut wood out of Lebanon, as much as thou
shalt need; and we will bring it to thee in floats by sea to
Joppa, and thou shalt carry it up to Jerusalem. — 2 Chron.
The stone which the builders refused, is become the head
stone of the corner. — Psalm cxviii: 22.
Did ye never read in the Scriptures, The stone which the
builders rejected, is become the head of the corner? — Matt.
And have ye not read this Scripture, The stone which the
builders rejected; is become the head of the corner? — Mark
What is this, then, that is written, The stone which the
builders rejected, is become the head of the corner? — Luke
xx : 17.
This is the stone which was set at naught of you builders,
which is become the head of the corner. — Acts iv: 11.
He that hath an ear to hear, let him hear. — Rev. iii : 11.
Then he brought me back the way of the gate of the out-
ward sanctuary, which looketh toward the East, and it was
shut. Then said the Lord unto me, This gate shall be shut,
78 MARK MASTER.
it shall not be opened, and no man shall enter in by it;
because the Lord, the God of Israel, hath entered in by it,
therefore it shall he shut. It is for the prince; the prince he
shall sit in it to eat bread before the Lord; he shall enter by
the way of the porch of that gate, and shall go out by the
way of the same. And the Lord said unto me, Son of man,
mark well, and behold with thine eyes, and hear with thine
ears, all that I say unto thee concerning all the ordinances
of the House of the Lord, and all the laws thereof; and mark
icell the entering in of the house, with every going forth of
the sanctuary. — Ezekiel xliv : 1-3, 5.
The working tools of a Mark Master are the Chisel and
The Chisel morally demonstrates the advan-
tages of Discipline and Education. The mind,
like the diamond in its original state, is rude
and unpolished ; but, as the effect of the chisel
on the external coat soon presents to view the
latent beauties of the diamond, so education
discovers the latent virtues of the mind, and draws them forth
to range the large field of matter and space, to display the
summit of human knowledge, our duty to God and to man.
The Mallet morally teaches to correct irregu-
larities, and to reduce man to a proper level ; so
that by quiet deportment, he may, in the school
of discipline, learn to be content. What the
mallet is to the workman, enlightened reason is
to the passions ; it curbs ambition, it depresses
envy, it moderates anger, and it encourages good disposi-
tions j whence arises, among good Masons, that comely order,
"Which nothing earthly gives, or can destroy —
The soul's calm sunshine, and the heart-frit joy."
CHARGE TO BE DELIVERED WHEN A CANDIDATE IS ADVANCED
TO THE FOURTH DEGREE.
Brother: — I congratulate yon on having been, thought
worthy of being promoted to this honorable degree of
Masonry. Permit me to impress it upon your mind, that
your assiduity should ever be commensurate with your duties,
which become more and more extensive as you advance in
The situation to which you are now promoted will draw
upon you not only the scrutinizing eyes of the world at
large, but those also of your brethren, on whom this degree
of Masonry has not been conferred; all will be justified in
expecting your conduct and behavior to be such as may with
safety be imitated.
In the honorable character of Mark Master, it is more
particularly your duty to endeavor to let your conduct in the
Lodge and among your brethren, be such as may stand the
test of the Grand Overseer's square, that you may not, like
the unfinished and imperfect work of the negligent and
unfaithful of former times, be rejected and thrown aside, as
unfit for that spiritual building, that house not made with
hands, eternal in the heavens.
While such is your conduct, should misfortune assail you,
should friends forsake you, should envy traduce your good
name, and malice persecute you; yet may you have confi-
dence, that among Mark Masters, you will find friends who
will administer relief to your distresses, and comfort your
afflictions; ever bearing in mind, as a consolation under all
the frowns of fortune, and as an encouragement to hope for
better prospects, that the stone which the builders rejected, pos-
sessing merits to them unknown, became the chief stone of the
Previous to closing the Lodge, the following Parable is
" For the kingdom of Heaven is like unto a man that is an
householder, which went out early in the morning to hire
laborers into his vineyard. And when he had agreed with
the laborers for a penny a day, he sent them into his vine-
yard. And he went out about the third hour, and saw others
standing idle in the market-place, and said unto them, Go ye
also into the vineyard, and whatsoever is right I will give
you. And they went their way. Again he went out about
the sixth and ninth hour and did likewise. And about the
eleventh hour, he went out, and found others standing idle,
and saith unto them, Why stand ye here all the day idle?
They say unto him, Because no man hath "hired us. He
saith unto them, Go ye also into my vineyard, and whatso-
ever is right, that shall ye receive. So when even was come,
the lord of the vineyard saith unto his steward, Call the
laborers, and give them their hire, beginning from the last
unto the first. And when they came that were hired about
the eleventh hour, they received every jnan a penny. But
when the first came, they supposed that they should have
received more, and they likewise received every man a penny.
And when they had received it, they murmured against the
good man of the house, saying, These last have wrought but
one hour, and thou hast made them equal unto us, which
have borne the burden and heat of the day. But he answered
one of them, and said, Friend, I do thee no wrong; didst not
thou agree with me for a penny? Take that thine is, and go
thy way; I will give unto this last even as unto thee. Is
it not lawful for me to do what I will with mine own ? Is
thine eye evil because I am good ? So the last shall be first,
and the first last; for many be called, but few chosen." —
Matt, xx : 1-16.
The ceremony of closing a Lodge, in this degree, when
properly conducted, is peculiarly interesting. It assists in
strengthening the social affections ; it teaches us the duty we
owe to our brethren in particular, and the whole family of
mankind in general, by ascribing praise to the meritorious,
and dispensing rewards to the diligent and industrious.
MARK MASTERS' ODE
ADAPTED AND ARRANGED BY BRO. JAS. B. TAYLOR.
PIANOFORTE j fe^z^zj ^
m J i I i-
1. Mark Masters all appear, Before the Chief O'erseer,
2. You who have pass'd the square, For your re - ward prepare,
t *I3 E F — H I ' ' z rH- 1 ^— FFl I h:
l | f
In con - cert move
Join heart and hand
Let him your work in - spect, For the Chief
Each with his mark in view, March with the
^— n r
J Js -a J^i rn J. f J J
_P — 5 — * — ,? — Lf -f"4 — r — * — ' — '
-j p — r _i_j „J 1^ 1 | j h_L__
Ar - chi - tect, If there be no de - feet, He
just and true, Wa - ges to you are due, At
-?*—? — r — t— i — i -i — ^-J- e
_| ]/ j — J ±—d * — f_
-i — j-^-m
Hiram, the widow's son,
Sent unto Solomon
Our great key-stone ;
On it appears the name
Which raises high the fame
Of all to whom the same
la truly known.
4 Now to the westward move,
Where, full of strength and love,
Hiram doth stand ;
But if impostors are
Mixed with the worthy there,
Caution them to beware
Of the right hand.
5 Now to the praise of those
Who triumph'd o'er the foes
Of Mason's art ;
To the praiseworthy three,
Who founded this degree,
May all their virtues be
Deep in our hearts.
pg p i ! j ' i ! \ ! i ! 1 1 itthtpwttw h ! i ! 1 1 ; ; i ; g
OBSERVATIONS ON THE DEGREE OF PRESENT OR PAST MASTER.
This degree should be carefully studied, and well under-
stood, by every Master of a Lodge. It treats of the govern-
84 PAST MASTER.
merit of our society, and the disposition of our rulers; and
illustrates their requisite qualifications. It includes the cere-
mony of opening and closing Lodges in the several preceding
degrees; and also the forms of installation and consecration,
in the Grand Lodge, as well as private Lodges. It compre-
hends the ceremonies at laying the foundation-stones of pub-
lic buildings, and also at dedications and at funerals, by a
variety of particulars explanatory of those ceremonies. 1
REMARKS ON THE FIFTH LECTURE.
THE FIRST SECTION.
OF THE MANNER OF CONSTITUTING A LODGE OF MASTER
Any number of Master Masons, not under seven, desirous
of forming a new Lodge, must apply, by petition, to the
Grand Lodge of the State in which they reside. 2
This petition, being signed by at least seven regular
Masons, and recommended by a Lodge, or Lodges, adjacent
to the place where the new Lodge is to be holden, is deliv-
ered to the Grand Secretary, who lays it before the Grand
If the petition meets the approbation of the Grand Lodge,
they generally order a dispensation to be issued, which is
signed by the Grand, or Deputy Grand Master, 3 and authorizes
• In Masonic strictness this degree should be given to none, save
those who are regularly elected to govern a Symbolical Lodge. The
deviation from tlus rule, in favor of Royal Arch Masonry, has not been
to the credit of the degree, nor to the advantage of the Craft.
No person should be allowed to take the degree of Past Master, at
least until he has made himself thoroughly proficient in the. three
degrees of Symbolical Masonry, is able to open and close the Lodges,
confer the degrees with dramatic effectiveness, and give the lectures of
each from memory.
The regular officers of a Past Masters' Lodge correspond exactly with
a Lodge of Master Masons. The titles are, Right Worshipful Master,
Worshipful Senior, and Worshipful Junior Warden.
2 For Form of Petition and Dispensation, see Appendix.
3 That is, according to the particular usage of the Grand Lodge having
FIRST SECTION. 85
the petitioners to assemble as a legal Lodge for a certain
specified term of time. 1
In some jurisdictions, the Grand and Deputy Grand Mas-
ters, respectively, are invested with authority to grant dispen-
sations, at pleasure, during the recess of the Grand Lodge;
in others, they are never issued without the special direction
of the Grand Lodge.
Lodges working under dispensations are considered merely
as agents of the Grand Lodge ; their presiding officers are
not entitled to the rank of Past Masters ; their officers are
not privileged with a vote or voice in the Grand Lodge ; they
can not change their officers without the special approbation
and appointment of the Grand Lodge ; and in case of the
cessation of such Lodges, their funds, jewels, and other pro-
perty accumulated by initiations into the several degrees,
become the property of the Grand Lodge, and must be deliv-
ered over to the Grand Treasurer.
When Lodges, that are at first instituted by dispensation,
have passed a proper term of probation, they make applica-
tion to the Grand Lodge for a charter of constitution. 2 If
this be obtained, they are then confirmed in the possession
of their property, and possess all the rights and privileges of
regularly constituted Lodges, as long as they conform to the
constitutions of Masonry. 3
After a charter is granted by the Grand Lodge, the Grand
Master appoints a day and hour for constituting and conse-
crating the new Lodge, and for installing its Master, Wardens,
and other officers.
If the Grand Master, in person, attends the ceremony, the
Lodge is said to be constituted in ample form; if the Deputy
Grand Master only, it is said to be constituted in due form;
but if the power of performing the ceremony is vested in a
Subordinate Lodge, it is said to be constituted in form.
When Charters of Constitution are granted for places where
the distance is so great as to render it inconvenient for the
Grand officers to attend, the Grand Master, or his Deputy,
1 The usage is, that all Dispensations terminate on the first day of the
subsequent Grand Annual Communication of the Grand Lodge.
3 For Form of Charter, or Warrant, see Appendix.
3 The forfeiture or resignation of a Charter, however, works a total
forfeiture of all property, real or personal, which was in its possession
at the period of its demise.
86 PAST MASTER.
issues a written instrument under his hand and private seal,
to some worthy Present or Past Master, with full power to
congregate, constitute -and install the petitioners. 1
CEREMONY OP CONSTITUTION AND CONSECRATION.
On the day and hour appointed, the Grand Master and
his officers meet in a convenient room, near to that in which
the Lodge to be constituted is assembled, and open the
Grand Lodge in the three degrees of Masonry.
The officers of the new Lodge are to be examined by the
Deputy Grand Master, after which they return to their
The new Lodge then sends a messenger to the Grand
Master with the following message, viz :
" Most Worshipful : — The officers and brethren of
Lodge, who are now assembled at have instructed me
to inform you, that the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge [or
Grand Master] was pleased to grant them a letter of dispen-
sation, bearing date the . . day of , in the year ,
authorizing them to form and open a Lodge of Free and
Accepted Masons, in the town of ; that since that
period they have regularly assembled, and conducted the
business of Masonry according to the best of their abilities ;
that their proceedings having received the approbation of the
M. W. Grand Lodge, they have obtained a charter of con-
stitution, and are desirous that their Lodge should be con-
secrated, and their officers installed, agreeably to the ancient
usages and customs of the Craft ; for which purpose they
are now met, and await the pleasure of the most Worshipful
He then returns to his Lodge, who prepare for the recep-
tion of the Grand Lodge. When notice is given that they
are prepared, the Grand Lodge walk in the procession to their
hall. When the Grand Master enters, the grand honors 2
are given by the new Lodge ; the officers of which resign
their seats to the Grand Officers, and take their several sta-
tions on the left.
l For Form of Dispensation to install officers, see Appendix.
8 These are the private Grand Honors, which can not be described here.
FIRST SECTION. 87
The necessary cautions are then given, and all, excepting
Masters and Past Masters of Lodges, are requested to retire
until the Master of the new Lodge is placed in the Chair of
Solomon. He is then bound to the faithful performance
of his trust, and invested with the characteristics of the
Upon due notice, the Grand Marshal reconducts the Breth-
ren into the hall, and all take their places except the members
of the new Lodge, who form a procession on one side of the
hall, to salute their Master. As they advance, the Grand
Master addresses them, "Brethren, behold your Master !" As
they pass, they make the proper salutation ; and when they
have all passed, he joins them, and takes his appropriate sta-
A grand procession is then formed, in the following order,
Tyler, with a Drawn Sword.
Two Stewards, with White Rods.
Royal Arch Masons.
Masters of Lodges.
The New Lodge.
Tyler, with a Drawn Sword.
Stewards, with White Rods.
1 The usage has heretofore been to throw around this a ceremony of
marked dramatic effect. At the Triennial Convention of the General
Grand Royal Arch Chapter, 1856, it was recommended that the drama be
omitted; but the- advice has not been generally accepted, and the usage,
in most jurisdictions, is continued as before.
88 PAST MASTER.
Secretary and Treasurer.
Two Brethren, carrying the Lodge.l
Junior and Senior Wardens.
The Holy Writings, carried by the Oldest
Member, not in Office.
The Grand Lodge.
Grand Tyler, with a Drawn Sword.
Grand Stewards-, with White Rods.
A Brother, carrying a Golden Vessel of Corn. 2
Two Brethren, carrying Silver Vessels, one of
Wine, the other of Oil.
A Burning Taper, borne by a Past Master.
A Past Master, bearing the Holy Writings.
Square and Compass, supported by two Stewards, with Rods,
Two Burning Tapers, borne by the two Past Masters.
Clergy and Orator.
The Tuscan and Composite Orders.
The Doric, Ionic and Corinthian Orders.
Past Grand Wardens.
Past Deputy Grand Masters.
Past Grand Masters.
Junior and Senior Grand Wardens.
Right Worshipful Deputy Grand Master.
The Master of the oldest Lodge, carrying the
Book of Constitutions.
The M. W. Grand Master.
The Grand Deacons, on a line seven feet apart, on the right
and left of the Grand Master, with Black Rods.
Grand Sword Bearer, with a Drawn Sword.
Two Stewards, with White Rods.
The whole procession moves on to the church or house
where the services are to be performed. When the front of
the procession arrives at the door, they halt, open to the right
and left, and face inward, while the Grand Master, and others
in succession, pass through and enter the house.
A platform is erected in front of the pulpit, and provided
with seats for the accommodation of the Grand Officers.
The Bible, square and compass, and book of constitutions!
1 Flooring.— Webb. 2 Wheat.— Webb.
FIRST SECTION. 89
are placed upon a table, in front of the Grand Master; the
lodge is placed in the center, upon the platform, covered with
white satin or linen, and encompassed by the three tapers
and the vessels of corn, wine, and oil.
A piece of music is performed, and the public services com-
mence with prayer. An oration, or sermon, upon the design
and principles of the institution, is then delivered by the
Grand Chaplain, or some one appointed for that purpose,
which is succeeded by a piece of music.
'ihe Grand Marshal then directs the officers and members
of the new Lodge to form in front of the Grand Master. The
Deputy G-rand Master addresses the Grand Master, as fol-
" Most Worshipful :— A number of brethren, duly in-
structed in the mysteries of Masonry, having assembled to-
gether, at stated periods, for some time past, by virtue of a
dispensation granted them for that purpose, do now desire to
be constituted into a regular Lodge, agreeably to the ancient
usages and customs of the Fraternity."
Their Secretary then delivers the dispensation and records
to the Master elect, who presents them to the Grand Master.
The Grand Master examines the records, and if they are
found correct, proclaims,
"The records appear to be properly entered, and are ap-
proved. Upon due deliberation, the Grand Lodge have
granted the Brethren of this new Lodge a Charter, confirm-
ing them in the rights and privileges of a regular constituted
Lodge, which the Grand Secretary will now read."
After the Charter is read, the Grand Master then says :
" We shall now proceed, according to ancient usage, to
constitute these Brethren into 3, regular Lodge."
Whereupon the several officers of the new Lodge deliver up
their jewels and badges to their Master, who presents them,
with his own, to the Deputy Grand Master, and he to the
The Deputy Grand Master now presents the Master elect
of the new Lodge to the Grand Master, saying :
" Most Worshipful : — I present you, Brother
90 PAST MASTER.
•whom the members of the Lodge now to be constituted have
chosen for their Master."
The Grand Master asks them if they remain satisfied with
\heir choice. (They bow in token of assent.)
The Master then presents, severally, his Wardens, and other
ohcers, naming them and their respective offices. The Grand
Master asks the Brethren if they remain satisfied with each
and all of them. (They bow as before.)
The officers and members of the new Lodge then form in
the broad aisle, in front of the Grand Master ; and the busi-
ness of consecration commences with solemn music.
CEREMONY OF CONSECRATION.
The Grand Master, attended by the Grand Officers and the
Grand Chaplain, form themselves in order round the Lodge,
which is then uncovered. All devoutly kneeling, the first
clause of the consecration prayer is rehearsed, as follows,
"Great Architect of the Universe ! Maker and Ruler of all
Worlds ! deign, from thy celestial Temple, from realms of
light and glory, to bless us in all the purposes of our present
"We humbly invoke Thee to give us, at this and at all
times, wisdom in all our doings, strength of mind in all our
difficulties, and the beauty of harmony in all our communica-
"Permit us, thou Author of Light and Life, great source
of Love and Happiness, to erect this Lodge, and now solemnly
to consecrate it to the honor of Thy glory !
" Glory be to God on high."
[Response by the Brethren.'] — u As it was in the beginning,
is now, and ever shall be! Amen/'
During the response, the Deputy Grand Master, and Grand
Wardens, take the vessels of corn, wine, and oil, and sprinkle
the elements of consecration upon the Lodge.
[The Grand Chaplain then continues.^
"Grant, Lord our God, that those who are now about
to be invested with the government of this Lodge, may be
FIRST SECTION. 91
endued with wisdom to instruct their brethren in all their
duties. May brotherly love, relief and truth, always prevail
among the members of this Lodge; and may this bond of
union continue to strengthen the Lodges throughout the
"Bless all our brethren, wherever dispersed; and grant
speedy relief to all who are either oppressed or distressed.
" We affectionately commend to Thee all the members of
Thy whole family. May they increase in the knowledge of
Thee, and in the love of each other.
" Finally : May we finish all our work here below with
thine approbation ; and then have our transition from this
earthly abode to Thy Heavenly Temple above, there to enjoy
light, glory and bliss, ineffable and eternal I
"Glory be to God on high!"
[Response by the Brethren.'] — "As it was in the beginning,
is now, and ever shall be! Amen, so mote it be! Amen!"
Then succeeds solemn music, while the Lodge is covered.
The Grand Chaplain then dedicates the Lodge, in the fol-
lowing terms :
" To the memory of HOLY SAINT JOHN, we dedicate
this Lodge. May every Brother revere his character and
imitate his virtues.
" Glory be to God on high ! "
[Response.'] — "As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever
shall be, world without end. Amen! so mote it be! Amen!"
A piece of music is then performed, while the Brethren
of the new Lodge advance in procession to salute the Grand
Lodge, with their hands crossed upon their breasts, and
bowing as they pass. They then take their places, and stand
as they were. •
The Grand Master then rises, and constitutes the new
Lodge in the form following:
"In the name of the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge, I now
constitute and form you, my good brethren, into a Lodge of
Free and Accepted Masons. From henceforth I empower you
to act as a regular Lodge, constituted in conformity to the
rites of our Order, and the charges of our ancient and honor«
92 PAST MASTER.
able fraternity; and may the Supreme Architect of the Uni'
verse prosper, direct and counsel you in all your doings."
[Response by all the Brethren.'] — "So mote it be!"
The ceremony of installation then succeeds. 1
THE SECOND SECTION.
CEREMONY OP INSTALLATION.
The Grand Master 2 asks his Deputy, "Whether he has
examined the Master nominated in the Warrant, and finds
him well skilled in the noble science and the royal art." The
Deputy, answering in the affirmative, 3 by the Grand Master's
order, takes the candidate from among his fellows, and
presents him at the pedestal, saying, "Most Worshipful
Grand Master, I present my worthy Brother, A. B., to be
installed Master of this new Lodge. I find him to be of
good morals, and of great skill, true and trusty; and as he
is a lover of the whole fraternity, wheresoever dispersed over
the face of the earth, I doubt not that he will discharge his
duty with fidelity."
The Grand Master then addresses him:
"Brother: — Previous to your investiture, it is necessary
that you should signify your assent to those ancient charges
and regulations which point out the duty of a Master of a
The Grand Master then reads, or orders to be read, a sum-
1 The Installation Covenant should be taken by every officer, whether
elected or appointed. This is, of course, taken in the Lodge, open in
either degree; but the installation itself may be, and often is, performed
No person can be legally installed Master of a Lodge until he has
received the degree (or order) of Past Master. In Virginia, by modern
usage, even a Warden elect must have this degree before he can be
2 In this, and other similar instances, where the Grand Master is
specified in acting, may be understood any Master who performs the
ceremony. — Webb.
3 A private examination is understood to precede the installation of
every officer. — Webb.
SECOND SECTION. 93
mary of the ancient charges to the Master elect, as follows,
1. You agree to be a good man and true, and strictly to
obey the moral law.
2. You agree to be a peaceable subject, and cheerfully to
conform to the laws of the country in which you reside.
3. You promise not to be concerned in plots and con-
spiracies against government, but patiently to submit to the
decisions of the supreme legislature.
4. You agree to pay a proper respect to the civil magistrate,
to work diligently, live creditably, and act honorably by all
5. You agree to hold in veneration the original rulers and
patrons of the Order of Masonry, and their regular successors,
supreme and subordinate, according to their stations; and to
submit to the awards and resolutions of your brethren when
convened, in every case consistent with the constitutions of
6. You agree to avoid private piques and quarrels, and to
guard against intemperance and excess.
7. You agree to be cautious in carriage and behavior, cour-
teous to your brethren, and faithful to your Lodge.
8. You promise to respect genuine brethren, and to dis-
countenance impostors, and all dissenters from the original
plan of Masonry.
9. You agree to promote the general good of society, to
cultivate the social virtues, and to propagate the knowledge
of the art.
.10. You promise to pay homage to the Grand Master for
the time being, and to his officers when duly installed; and
strictly to conform to every edict of the Grand Lodge, or
General Assembly of Masons, that is not subversive of the
principles and groundwork of Masonry.
11. You admit that it is not in the power of any man, or
body of men, to make innovations in the body of Masonry.
12. You promise a regular attendance on the committees
and communications of the Grand Lodge, on receiving proper
notice, and pay attention to all the duties of Masonry, on
13. You admit that no new Lodge shall be formed without
permission of the Grand Lodge ; and that no countenance be
94 PAST MASTER.
given to any irregular Lodge or to any person clandestinely
initiated therein, being contrary to the Ancient charges of
14. You admit that no person can be regularly made a
Mason in, or admitted a member of, any regular Lodge, with-
out previous notice, and due inquiry into his character.
15. You agree that no visitors shall be received into your
Lodge without due examination, and producing proper
vouchers of their having been initiated into a regular Lodge. 1
These are the regulations of Free and Accepted Masons.
The Grand Master then addresses the Master elect in the
following manner: u Do you submit to these charges, and
promise to support these regulations, as Masters have done
in all ages before you?" The new Master having signified
his cordial submission as before, the Grand Master thus
addresses him :
" Brother A B, in consequence of your cheerful conformity
to the charges and regulations of the Order, you are now to
be installed Master of this new Lodge, in full confidence of
your care, skill and capacity to govern the same/'
The new Master is then regularly invested with the
insignia of his office, and the furniture and implements of
The various implements of the profession are emblematical
of our conduct in life, and upon this occasion carefully
" The Holy Writings, that great light in Masonry, will
guide you to all truth ; it will direct your paths to the tem-
ple of happiness, and point out to you the whole duty of
11 The Square teaches to regulate our actions by rule and
line, and to harmonize our conduct by the principles of
morality and virtue.
" The Compass teaches to limit our desires in every station,
that, rising to eminence by merit, we may live respected, and
" The Rule directs that we should punctually observe our
i We omit the ancient document inserted in a former edition.
SECOND SECTION. 95
duty; press forward in the path of virtue, and, neither
inclining to the right nor to the left, in all our actions, have
eternity in view.
" The Line teaches the criterion of moral rectitude, to
avoid dissimulation in conversation and action, and to direct
our steps to the path which leads to immortality.
" The Booh of Constitutions you are to search at all times.
Cause it to be read in your Lodge, that none may pretend
ignorance of the excellent precepts it enjoins.
" Lastly, you receive in charge the By-Laws of your Lodge,
which you are to see carefully and punctually executed."
The jewels of the officers of the new Lodge being then
returned to' the Master, he delivers them, respectively, to
the several officers of the Grand Lodge, according to their
The subordinate officers of the new Lodge are then
invested with their jewels, by the Grand Officers of corres-
ponding rank ; and are by them, severally in turn, conducted
to the Grand Master, who delivers each of them a short
charge, as follows, viz. :
THE SENIOR WARDEN.
" Brother C D, you are appointed Senior "Warden of this
new Lodge, and are now invested with the ensign of your
" The Level demonstrates that we are descended from the
same stock, partake of the same nature, and share the same
hope ; and though distinctions among men are necessary to
preserve subordination, yet no eminence of station should
make us forget that we are Brethren ; for he who is placed
on the lowest spoke of fortune's wheel, may be entitled to
our regard ; because a time will come, and the wisest knows
not how soon, when all distinctions, but that of goodness,
shall cease ; and death, the grand leveler of human great-
ness, reduce us to the same state.
1 The introduction of the word "appointed" here — which in practice
is usually rendered "elected" maybe traced to two circumstances.
1. In the first organization of the Lodge, the officers are usually
appointed by the Grand Lodge; and 2d. In former times, the Wardens
were appointed by the Master.
96 PAST MASTER.
* Your regular attendance on our stated meetings is essen-
tially necessary ; in the absence of the master you are to
govern this Lodge : in his presence you are to assist him in
the government of it. I firmly rely on your knowledge of
Masonry, and attachment to the Lodge, for the faithful dis-
charge of the duties of this important trust — Look well to
THE JUNIOR WARDEN.
"Brother E F, you are appointed Junior Warden of this new
Lodge ; and are now- invested with the badge of your office.
" The Plumb admonishes us to walk uprightly in our
several stations, to hold the scale of justice in equal poise,
to observe the just medium between intem'perance and
pleasure, and to make our passions and prejudices coincide
with the line of our duty.
" To you, with such assistance as may be necessary, is
intrusted the examination of visitors, and the reception of
" To you is also committed the superintendence of the
Craft during the hours of refreshment. 2
" It is, therefore, indispensably necessary that you should
not only be temperate and discreet, in the indulgence of your
own inclinations, but carefully observe that none of the Craft
be suffered to convert the purposes of refreshment into intem-
perance and excess.
" Your regular and punctual attendance is particularly
requested ; and I have no doubt that you will faithfully exe-
cute the duty which you owe to your present appointment —
Look well to the South /"
" Brother Gr H, you are appointed Treasurer of this new
Lodge. It is your duty to receive all moneys from the hands
Df the Secretary, keep just and regular accounts of the same,
1 This is not now the general usage in the American Lodges ; for the
former, a special committee is usually appointed ; for the latter, the
stewards are designated, or, in their absence, a special committee.
2 This sentence expresses the prime duty, care and responsibility of
the Junior Warden, " to take charge of the brethren while at refresh*
SECOND SECTION. 97
and pay them out at the Worshipful Master's will and pleas-
ure, with the consent of the Lodge. I trust your regard for
the Fraternity will prompt you to the faithful discharge of
the duties of your office."
" Brother I K, you are appointed Secretary of this new
Lodge. It is your duty to observe the Worshipful Master's
will and pleasure, to record the proceedings of the Lodge, to
receive all moneys, and pay them into the hands of the
11 Your good inclination to Masonry and this Lodge, I
hope, will induce you to discharge your office with fidelity,
and, by so doing, you will merit the esteem and applause of
THE SENIOR AND JUNIOR DEACONS.
" Brothers L M and N 0, you are appointed Deacons of
this new Lodge. It is your province to attend on the Master
and Wardens, and to act as their proxies in the active duties
of the Lodge ; such as the reception of candidates into the
different degrees of Masonry, the introduction and accommo-
dation of visitors, and in the immediate practice of our rites.
These columns, as badges of your office, I intrust to your
care, not doubting your vigilance and attention." 1
" Brothers P Q and B S, you are appointed Stewards of
this new Lodge. The duties of your office are, to assist in
the collection of dues and subscriptions, or keep an account
of the Lodge expenses, to see that the tables are properly
furnished at refreshment, and that every Brother is suitably
provided for ; and generally to assist the Deacons and other
officers in performing their respective duties. Your regular
and early attendance will afford the best proof of your zeai
and attachment to the Lodge."
1 The badge or jewel of the Deacons' offices is, by common usage,
changed, as may be seen in the cut. But in many Lodges, other em-
blems are worn ; such as the Winged Mercury, the Triangles, the Stone-
There is little uniformity in this respect.
98 PAST MASTER.
Is then appointed, and receives the instrument of his office,
with a short charge on the occasion.
The Grand Master then addresses the officers and members
of the new Lodge as follows :
CHARGE UPON THE INSTALLATION OP THE OFFICERS OP A
" Worshipful Master : — The Grand Lodge having com-
mitted to your care the superintendence and government of
the Brethren who are to compose this new Lodge, you can
not be insensible of the obligations which devolve on you, as
their head ; nor of your responsibility for the faithful dis-
charge of the important duties annexed to your appointment.
" The honor, reputation, and usefulness of your Lodge will
materially depend on the skill and assiduity with which you
manage its concerns; while the happiness of its members will
be generally promoted, in proportion to the zeal and ability
with which you propagate the genuine principles of our insti-
" For a pattern of imitation, consider the great luminary
of nature, which, rising in the East, regularly diffuses light
and luster to all within its circle. In like manner it is your
province to spread and communicate light and instruction to
the Brethren of your Lodge. Forcibly impress upon them
the dignity and high importance of J^sonry ; and seriously
admonish them never to disgrace it. Charge them to practice
out of the Lodge those duties which they have been taught in
it ; and by amiable, discreet and virtuous conduct, to con-
vince mankind of the goodness of the institution ; so that,
when any one is said to be a member of it, the world may
know that he is one to whom the burdened heart may pour
out its sorrows ; to whom distress may prefer its suit, whose
hand is guided by justice, and his heart expanded by benev-
olence. In short, by a diligent observance of the By-Laws
of your Lodge, the Constitutions of Masonry, and, above all,
the Holy Scriptures', which are given as a rule and guide to
your faith, you will be enabled to acquit yourself with honor
and reputation, and lay up a crown of rejoicing, which shall
continue when time shall be uo more."
SECOND SECTION. " 99
" Brother Senior and Junior Wardens : — You are too
well acquainted with the principles of Masonry to warrant
any distrust that you will be found wanting in the discharge
of your respective duties. Suffice it to mention, that what
you have seen praiseworthy in others, you should carefully
imitate ; and what in them may have appeared defective, you
should in yourselves amend. You should be examples of
good order and regularity; for it is only by a due regard to
the laws in your own conduct, that you can expect obedience
to them from others. You are assiduously to assist the Mas-
ter in the discharge of his trust, diffusing light and imparting
knowledge to all whom he shall place under your care. In
the absence of the Master you will succeed to higher duties ;
your acquirements must, therefore, be such as that the Craft
may never suffer for want of proper instruction. From the
spirit which you have hitherto evinced, I entertain no doubt
that your future conduct will be such as to merit the ap-
plause of your Brethren, and the testimony of a good con-
" Brethren of Lodge : — Such is the nature of our
constitution, that as some must, of necessity, rule and teach, so
others must, of course, learn to submit and obey. Humility
in both is an essential duty. The officers who are appointed
to govern your Lodge, are sufficiently conversant with the
rules of propriety, and the laws of the institution, to avoid
exceeding the powers with which they are intrusted ; and you
are of too generous dispositions to envy their preferment. I
therefore trust that you will have but one aim — to please each
other, and unite in the grand design of being happy and com-
"Finally, my Brethren, as this association has been formed
and perfected in so much unanimity and concord, in which we
greatly rejoice, so may it long continue. May you long en-
joy every satisfaction and delight, which disinterested friend-
ship can afford. May kindness and brotherly affection dis-
tinguish your conduct as men and as Masons. Within your
peaceful walls, may your children's children celebrate, with
joy and gratitude, the transactions of this auspicious solem-
nity ; and may the tenets of our profession be transmitted
through your Lodge, pure and unimpaired, from generation
100 PAST MASTER.
The Grand Marshal then proclaims the new Lodge, in the
following manner, viz :
"In the name of the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of the
State of , I proclaim this new Lodge, by the name
of Lodge, duly constituted."
This proclamation is made thrice, and each time followed
with a flourish of drums or trumpets.
The Grand Chaplain then makes the concluding prayer,
which ends the public ceremonies.
The grand procession is then formed in the same order as
before, and returns to the hall.
The Grand Master, Deputy Grand Master, and Grand
Wardens, being seated, all but Master Masons are caused to
retire, and the procession continues round the hall, which
upon passing the several Grand officers, pays them due hom-
age, by the usual congratulations and honors, in the different
degrees, commencing with the lowest. During the procession
(which passes three times round the Lodge) the following
song is sung, which concludes the ceremony of installation :
Am. — Italian Hymn.
SECOND SECTION. 1Q1
Adapted and arranged by Bao. Jas. B. Tatlok.
1. Hail, Ma - son - ry di • vine ! GIo • ry of
ges shine I Long may'st thou reign : Wheree'er thy lodges stand,
rr r i j.ju
May they have great command, And always grace the land, Thou art di - vine !
J- L 4j. 1 1 11 j j^ ^g
^ ' *
2 Great fabrics still arise,
And grace the azure skies ;
Great are thy schemes ;
Thy noble orders are
Matchless, beyond compare J
No art with thee can share.
Thou art divine J
3 Hiram, the architect,
Did all the Craft direct
How they should build.
Solomon, Israel's king,
Did mighty blessings bring,
Which gave us cause to sing,
Hail, royal art i
102 PAST MASTER.
The Jiodge is then closed with the usual solemnities in the
different degrees, by the Grand Master and his officers.
This is the usual ceremony observed by regular Masons at
the constitution of a new Lodge, which the Grand Master
may abridge or extend at pleasure ; but the material points
are on no account to be omitted. The same ceremony and
eharges attend every succeeding installation of new officers. 1
THE THIRD SECTION.
CEREMONY OBSERVED AT LATINO THE FOUNDATION STONE
OF PUBLIC STRUCTURES.
This ceremony is conducted by the Grand Master and his
officers, assisted by the members of the Grand Lodge, and
such officers and members of private Lodges, as can con-
veniently attend. The chief magistrate, and other civil
officers of the place where the building is to be erected, also
generally attend on the occasion.
At the time appointed, the Grand Lodge is convened in
some suitable place, approved by the Grand Master. A band
of martial music is provided, and the brethren appear in the
insignia of the Order, and with white gloves and Aprons.
The Lodge is opened by the Grand Master, and the rules
for regulating the procession to and from the place where the
ceremony is to be performed, are read by the Grand Secretary.
The necessary cautions are then given from the Chair, and
the Lodge is adjourned; after which the procession sets out
in the following order:
PROCESSION AT LAYING CORNER STONES.
Two Tylers, with Drawn Swords.
Tyler of the oldest Lodge with Sword.
Two Stewards of the oldest Lodge.
1 Officers re-elected to office without an intermission of time, need not
THIRD SECTION. 103
g" Past Wardens.
* r~* Junior Wardens.
Royal Arch Masons.
Grand Tyler, with a Drawn Sword.
Grand Stewards, with White Rods.
A brother with a Golden Vessel containing Corn.
Vro brethren, with Silver Vessels, one containing
Wine, and the other Oil.
Principal Architect, with Square, Level and Plumb.
Grand Secretary and Treasurer.
Bible, Square and Compass, carried by a Master of a Lodge,
supported by two Stewards.
The Five Orders.
Past Grand Wardens.
Past Deputy Grand Masters.
Past Grand Masters.
Chief Magistrate of the place.
Two Large Lights, borne by two Masters of Lodges.
One Large Light, borne by a Master of a Lodge.
Deputy Grand Master.
Master of the oldest Lodge, bearing the Book of Constitutions, on
a Velvet Cushion.
Grand Deacons, with Black Rods, on a line seven feet apart
Grand Sword Bearer, with a Drawn Sword.
Two Stewards, with White Rods.
A triumphal arch is usually erected at the place where the
ceremony is to be performed.
The procession passes through the arch, and the brethren
repairing to their stands, the Grand Master and his officers
take their places on a temporary platform, covered with car-
pet. An ode on Masonry is sung. The Grand Master com-
mands silence, and the necessary preparations are made for
laying the stone, on which is engraved the year of Masonry,,
the name and titles of the Grand Master, etc., etc.
The stone is raised up, by means of an engine erected for
that purpose, and the Grand Chaplain or orator repeats a
short prayer. The Grand Treasurer then, by the Grand
104 PAST MASTER.
Master's command, places under the stone Tarious sorts of
coin and medals of the present age. Solemn music is intro-
duced, and the stone let down into its place. The principal
Architect then presents the working tools to the Grand
Master, who applies the plumb, square and level to the stone,
in their proper positions, and pronounces it to be " well
FORMED, TRUE AND TRUSTY."
The golden and silver vessels are next brought to the table,
and delivered, the former to the Deputy Grand Master, and
the latter to the Grand Wardens, who successively present
them to the Grand Master ; and he, according to ancient
ceremony, pours the corn, the wine and the oil which they
contain, on the stone, saying,
" May the all-bounteous Author of Nature bless the in-
habitants of this place with all the necessaries, conveniences
and comforts of life; assist in the erection and completion of
this building; protect the workmen against every accident,
and long preserve this structure from decay; and grant to
us all, in needed supply, the corn of nourishment, the wine
of refreshment, and the OIL of joy."
" Amen ! so mote it be ! Amen ! "
He then strikes the stone thrice with the mallet, and the
public honors of Masonry are given.
The Grand Master then delivers over to the Architect the
various implements of architecture, intrusting him with the
superintendence and direction of the work; after which he
re-ascends the platform, and an oration suitable to the occa-
sion is delivered. A voluntary collection is made for the
workmen, and the sum collected is placed upon the stone by
the Grand Treasurer. A song in honor of Masonry con-
cludes the ceremony, after which the procession returns to
the place whence it set out, and the Lodge is closed.
FOURTH SECTION. 105
THE FOURTH SECTION.
CEREMONY OBSERVED AT THE DEDICATION OF MASONS' HALLS. 1
On the day appointed for the celebration of the ceremony
f dedication, the Grand Master and his officers, accompanied
by the members of the Grand Lodge, meet in a convenient
room near the place where the ceremony is to be performed,
and the Grand Lodge is opened in ample form in the first
three degrees of Masonry. 2
The Master of the Lodge to which the hall to be dedicated
belongs, being present, rises, and addresses the Grand Master,
"Most Worshipful: — The brethren of Lodge,
being animated with a desire of promoting the honor and
interest of the Craft, have, at great pains and expense, erected
a Masonic hall, for their convenience and accommodation.
They are now desirous that the same should be examined by
the M. W. Grand Lodge; and if it should meet their appro-
bation, that it should be solemnly dedicated to Masonic pur-
poses, agreeably to ancient form."
The Grand Master then directs the Grand Secretary to
read the order of procession, which is delivered over to the
Grand Marshal ; and a general charge respecting propriety
of behavior, is given by the Deputy Grand Master.
A grand procession is then formed in the order laid down
in the first section. The whole moves forward to the hall
which is to be dedicated, and upon the arrival of the front
of the procession at the door, they halt, open to the right
and left, and face inward ; while the Grand Master, and
others in succession, pass through and enter. The music
continues while the procession marches three times round
The Lodge is then placed in the center; and the Grand
Master having taken the chair, under a canopy of state, the
Grand officers, and the Masters and Wardens of the Lodges
repair to the places previously prepared for their reception:
J See Preston's Illustrations, (U. M. L., vol. 3), for a detailed account
of the dedication of a Masonic Hall, in England.
2 Commencing with the lowest.
106 PAST MASTER.
the throe lights, and the gold and silver pitchers, with corn,
wine and oil, are plaoed round the Lodge, at the head of
which stands the pedestal, with the Bible open, and the
Square and Compass laid thereon, with the Constitution-roll,
on a crimson velvet cushion. 1 Matters being thus disposed,
an anthem is sung, and an exordium on Masonry given :
after which, the Architect addresses the Grand Master, as
" Most Worshipful : — Having been intrusted with the
superintendence and management of the workmen employed
in the construction of this edifice ; and having, according to
the best of my ability, accomplished the task assigned me,
I now return my thanks for the honor of this appointment,
and beg leave to surrender up the implements which were
committed to my care when the foundation of this fabric
was laid; humbly hoping, that the exertions which have been
made on this occasion, will be crowned with your approba-
tion, and that of the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge."
To which the Grand Master makes the following reply
" Brother Architect : — The skill and fidelity displayed
in the execution of the trust reposed in you, at the com-
mencement of this undertaking, have secured the entire
approbation of the Grand Lodge; and they sincerely pray,
that this edifice may continue a lasting monument of the
taste, spirit, and liberality of its founders."
An ode in honor of Masonry is sung, accompanied with
The Deputy Grand Master then rises and says:
" Most Worshipful : — The hall in which we are now
assembled, and the plan upon which it has been constructed,
having met with your approbation, it is the desire of the fra-
ternity that it should be now dedicated, according to ancient
form and usage. "
Whereupon the Grand Master requests all to retire bu
such as are Master Masons. A procession is then formed in
the following order, viz.:
1 For an appropriate Anthem, see Appendix.
FOURTH SECTION, 107
Grand Sword Bearer.
A Past Master, with a Light.
A Past Master, with Bible, Square, and Compass, on a
Two Past Masters, each with a Light.
Grand Secretary and Treasurer, with Emblems.
Grand Junior Warden, with Pitcher of Corn.
Grand Senior Warden, with Pitcher of Wine.
Deputy Grand Master, with Pitcher of Oil.
Two Stewards Vith Rods.
All the other brethren keep their places, and assist in
performing an ode, which continues during the procession,
excepting only at the intervals of dedication. The Lodge is
uncovered, and the first procession being made round it, the
Junior Grand Warden presents the pitcher of corn to the
Grand Master, who pours it out upon the Lodge, at the same
time pronouncing, " In the name of the great Jehovah, to
whom be all honor and glory, I do solemnly dedicate this
hall to Masonry." The grand honors are given. 1
s The second procession is then made round the Lodge, and
the Grand Senior Warden presents the pitcher of wine to the
Grand Master, who sprinkles it upon the Lodge, at the same
time, saying, " In the name of the holy Saint John, I do
solemnly dedicate this hall to Virtue." The grand honors
are twice repeated.
The third procession is then made round the Lodge, and
the Deputy Grand Master presents the pitcher of oil to the
Grand Master, who sprinkles it upon the Lodge, saying, " In
the name of the whole Fraternity, I do solemnly dedicate
this hall to Universal Benevolence." The grand honors
are thrice repeated.
A solemn invocation is made to Heaven, by the Grand
Chaplain, and an anthem sung; after which the Lodge is
covered, and the Grand Master retires to his chair. An
l The following is a description of the Public Grand Honors : The arms
are crossed over the breast, the left' arm uppermost. The palms are
then struck smartly together, over the head, the eyes glancing upward.
Lastly, the hands are brought down, open, and struck upon the thighs
(see Mackey's Lexicon) ; thus the Grand Honors are given in full. This
is to be repeated three times.
108 PAST MASTER
oration is then delivered, and the ceremonies conclude with
music. The Grand Lodge is then closed in ample form in
the several degrees. 1 " "
THE FIFTH SECTION.
the ceremony used at funerals, according to ancient
custom; with the service used on the occasion. 2
No Mason can be interred with the formalities of the Order,
unless it be by his own special request, communicated to the
Master of the Lodge of which he died a member, foreigners
and sojourners excepted; nor unless he has been advanced
to the third degree of Masonry; and from this restriction
i Commencing with the highest. The more frequent usage is, to close
the three Lodges by a single order.
2 The management of Masonic obsequies has been in the main So
badly performed as to suggest some extra regulations here.
The whole care of the Craft and the preliminary arrangements of the
occasion must be under the charge of a Marshal chosen for his skill,
experience, and manly bearing, who shall receive his orders from, and
make his reports to, the Master alone. If more than fifty brethren are
in the procession, a Deputy Marshal for every fifty must be appointed.
Music should be procured when at all practicable, as without it the
order of marching can not be perfectly performed. The Marshal and
his Deputy march on the left of the procession, the former moving con-
tinually from the head to the rear of the line, for which purpose, if the
attendance is numerous, he must be mounted.
The rules of alignment, etc., are these : 1. The files march six feet
apart; 2. Right hand man in each file covers his file leader; 3. Left
hand man in each file touches elbow on his right; 4. At the word March,
every brother throws his left foot forward instantly ; 5. At the word
Halt, all movements cease.
A procession is a Lodge strictly under the discipline of the Lodge-
room. Therefore no brother can enter the procession, or leave it,
without express permission from the Master, conveyed through the
Approach the grave from the East. When the Tyler arrives within
ten paces thereof, the Marshal halts the procession, orders the files to
separate, by side step, four paces, then face inward. The Marshal
walks between the lines to the Master, and then conducts him as the
head of the procession around the grave, leaving it on the right, the
brethren closing in behind the Master and countermarching. The
coffin is conveyed to the grave and laid upon trestles above it. The
rest of the proceedings may be gathered from the pages above.
FIFTH SECTION. 109
there can be no exception. Fellow-crafts, or Apprentices,
are not entitled to funeral obsequies, nor to attend the
Masonic procession on such occasion. 1
The Master of a Lodge, having received notice of a Master
Mason's death, and of his request to be interred with the cere-
monies of the Order, fixes the day and hour for the funeral,
and issues his command to summon the Lodge. 3
He may invite as many Lodges as he thinks proper, and
the members of those Lodges may accompany their omcers in
form ; but the whole ceremony must be under the direction of
the Master of the Lodge to which the deceased belonged, and
he and his omcers must be duly honored, and cheerfully
obeyed on the occasion. 3 But in case the deceased was not a
member of either of the attending Lodges, the procession and
ceremony must be under the direction of the Master of the
All the Brethren who walk in procession should observe,
as much as possible, an uniformity in their dress. Decent
mourning, with white stockings, gloves, and aprons, is most
THE FUNERAL SERVICE.
The Brethren being assembled at the Lodge-room (or some
other convenient place), the presiding Master opens the
Lodge, in the third degree, with the usual forms ; and having
stated the purpose of the meeting, the service begins :
Master. — " What man is he that liveth, and shall not see
death ? shall he deliver his soul from the hand of the grave ?"
Response. — " Man walketh in a vain shadow ; he heapeth
up riches, and can not tell who shall gather them."
Master. — " When he Sieth, he shall carry nothing away j
his glory shall not descend after him."
Response. — " Naked he came into the world, and naked he
i This rule has been, until lately, shamefully violated in certain locali-
ties by the admission of Fellow-crafts, and even Entered Apprentices
into the ranks.
2 A custom prevails, in many Lodges, of keeping a " Book of Memory ;"
in which those who desire Masonic honors after death, record their
wishes. This is worthy of general adoption.
3 Except when the Grand or Deputy Grand Master is present and
exercises his authority. — Webb.
110 PAST MASTER.
Master. — "The Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away;
blessed be the name of the Lord!"
The grand honors are then given, and certain forms used,
which can not be here explained.
The Master then, taking the sacred roll 1 in his hand, says,
" Let us die the death of the righteous, and let our last end
be like his."
The brethren answer,
" God is our God forever and ever ; he will be our guide
even unto death!"
The Master then records the name and age of the deceased
upon the roll, and says,
"Almighty Father! into thy hands we commend the soul
of our loving Brother."
The Brethren answer three times (giving the grand honors
" The will of God is accomplished ! Amen ! so mote it be."
The Master then deposits the Roll in the archives, and re-
peats the following prayer :
" Most glorious God! author of all good, and giver of all
mercy ! pour down thy blessings upon us, and strengthen our
solemn engagements with the ties of sincere affection ! May
the present instance of mortality remind us of our approach-
ing fate, and draw our attention toward Thee, the only refuge
in time of need ! that when the awful moment shall arrive,
that we are about to quit this transitory scene, the enlivening
prospect of Thy mercy may dispel the gloom of death ; and
after our departure hence in peace and in Thy favor, we may
be received into Thine everlasting kingdom, to enjoy, in
union with the souls of our departed friends, the just reward
of a pious and virtuous life. Amen"
A procession is then formed, which moves to the house of
the deceased, and from thence to the place of interment. The
different Lodges rank according to seniority, excepting that
the Lodge, of which the deceased was a member, walks nearest
the corpse. Each Lodge forms one division, and the follow-
ing order is observed :
1 This is a sheet of parchment or paper, containing the natural age,
and Masonic age and affiliation of the deceased.
FIFTH SECTION. Ill
ORDER OF PROCESSION AT A FUNERAL. „ .
Tyler, with a Drawn Sword.
Stewards, with White Rods.
Musicians (if they are Masons, otherwise they follow the Tyler).
Senior and Junior Deacons.
Secretary and Treasurer.
Senior and Junior Wardens.
The Holy Writings, on a Cushion covered with Black Cloth, carried by
the oldest member of the Lodge.
The jMft Bod y>
with the insignia B placed thereon,
and two Swords crossed,
Pall Bearers. Pall Bearers.
The Brethren are not to desert their ranks, or change
places, but keep in their different departments. When the
procession arrives at the church-yard, the members of the
Lodge form a circle round the grave, and the clergyman and
officers of the acting Lodge taking their station at the head
of the grave, and the mourners at the foot ; the service is re-
sumed, and the following exhortation given :
" Here we view a striking instance of the uncertainty of
life, and the vanity of all human pursuits. The last offices
paid to the dead are only useful as lectures to the living :
from them we are to derive instruction, and consider every
solemnity of this kind as a summons to prepare for our ap-
" Notwithstanding the various mementoes of mortality with
which we daily meet ; notwithstanding death has established
his empire over all the works of nature; yet, through some
unaccountable infatuation, we forget that we are born to die.
We go on from one design to another, add hope to hope, and
112 PAST MASTER.
t lay out plans for the employment of many years, till we are
suddenly alarmed with the approach of death when we least
expect him, and at an hour which we probably conclude to be
the meridian of our existence.
"What are all the externals of majesty, the pride of wealth,
or charms of beauty, when nature has paid her just debt?
Fix your eyes on the last scene, and view life stripped of her
ornaments, and exposed in her natural meanness ; you will
then be convinced of the futility of those empty delusions.
In the grave, all fallacies are detected, all ranks are leveled,
and all distinctions are done away.
" While we drop the sympathetic tear over the grave of our
deceased friend, let charity incline us to throw a vail over his
foibles, whatever they may have been, and not withhold from
his memory the praise that his virtues may have claimed.
Suffer the apologies of human nature to plead in his behalf.
Perfection on earth has never been attained : the wisest, as
well as the best of men, have erred.
" Let the present example excite our most serious thoughts,
and strengthen our resolutions of amendment. As life is
uncertain, and all earthly pursuits are vain, let us no longer
postpone the important concern of preparing for eternity, but
embrace the happy moment, while time and opportunity offer,
to provide against the great change, when all the pleasures of
this world shall cease to delight, and the reflections of a vir-
tuous life yield the only comfort and consolation. Thus our
expectations will not be frustrated, nor we hurried, unpre-
pared, into the presence of an all-wise and powerful Judge, to
whom the secrets of all hearts are known.
"Let us, while in this state of existence, support, with pro-
priety, the character of our profession, advert to the nature of
our solemn ties, and pursue, with assiduity, the sacred tenets
of our Order : then, with becoming reverence, let us suppli-
cate the Divine grace, to insure the favor of that eternal
Being, whose goodness and power know no bound; that when
the awful moment arrives, be it soon or late, we may be
enabled to prosecute our journey, without dread or apprehen-
eion, to that far distant country whence no traveler returns."
The following invocations are then made by the Master:
Master. May we be true and faithful, and may we live
and die in love 1
FIFTH SECTION. 113
Answer. So mote it be.
Master. May we profess what is good, and always act
agreeably to our profession !
Answer. So mote it be.
Master. May the Lord bless ns and prosper us, and may
all our good intentions be crowned with success !
Answer. So mote it be.
Master. Glory be to God on high ! on earth peace ! good
will toward men !
Answer. So mote it be, now, from henceforth, and for-
The brethren then move in procession round the place of
interment, and severally drop a sprig of evergreen into the
grave, accompanied with the usual honors.
The Master then concludes the ceremony at the grave, in
the following words :
" From time immemorial it has been a custom among the
fraternity of Free and Accepted Masons, at the request of a
Brother, to accompany the corpse to the place of interment
and there to deposit his remains with the usual formalities.
" In conformity to this usage, and at the special request
of our deceased Brother, whose memory we revere and whose
loss we now deplore, we have assembled in the character of
Masons to resign his body to the earth whence it came, and
to offer up to his memory before the world, the last tribute
of our affection, thereby demonstrating the sincerity of our
past esteem and our steady attachment to the principles of
"The great Creator having been pleased, out of his mercy,
to remove our Brother from the cares and troubles of a tran-
sitory existence to a state of eternal duration, and thereby
to weaken the chain by which we are united, man to man,
may we who survive him anticipate our approaching fate, and
be more strongly cemented in the ties of union and friend-
ship, that, during the short space allotted to our present ex-
istence, we may wisely and usefully employ our time, and,
in the reciprocal intercourse of kind and friendly acts, mu-
tually promote the welfare and happiness of each other.
" Unto the grave we resign the body of our deceased
friend, there to remain until the ^general resurrection, in
favorable expectation that his immortal soul may then par-
114 PAST MASTER,
take of joys -which have been prepared for the righteous
from the beginning of the world. And may Almighty God,,
of his infinite goodness, at the grand tribunal of unbiased
justice, extend his mercy toward him, and all of us, and
3rown our hope with everlasting bliss in the expanded
ealms of a boundless eternity! This we beg for the honor
of his name, to whom be glory now and forever. Amen."
Thus the service ends, and the procession returns in form
to the place whence it set out, where the necessary duties
are complied with, and the business of Masonry is renewed.
The insignia and ornaments of the deceased, if an officer of
the Lodge, are returned to the Master with the usual cere-
monies, after which the charges for regulating the conduct
of the brethren are rehearsed, and the Lodge is closed in
the third degree. 1
1 If the Past or Present Grand Master should join the procession of a
private Lodge, or a Deputy Grand Master, or a Grand Warden, a proper
attention is to be paid to them. They take place after the Master of
the Lodge. Two Deacons with black rods, are appointed by the Master
to attend a Grand Warden; and when the Grand Master is present, or
Deputy Grand Master, the Book of Constitutions is borne before him,
a Sword Bearer follows him, and the Deacons, with black rods, are
placed on his right and left, at an angular distance of seven feet.
Marshals are to walk, or ride, on the left, of the procession.
On entering public buildings, the Bible, Square and Compass, Book
of Constitutions, etc., are placed before the Grand Master. The Grand
Marshal and Grand Deacons keep near him. — Webb.
MOST EXCELLENT MASTER
REMARKS ON THE SIXTH, OR MOST EXCELLENT MASTER'S
None but the meritorious and praiseworthy, none but
those who through diligence and industry have advanced
far toward perfection, none but those who have been seated
in the Oriental Chair by the unanimous suffrages of their
brethren, can be admitted to this degree of Masonry. 1
In its original establishment, when the Temple of Jerusa-
1 The regular officers of a Most Excellent Master's Lodge are two.
I. Most Excellent Master. 2. Most Excellent Senior Warden. The
degree is capable of imparting the finest dramatic effect, when properly
conferred. The whole is exceedingly solemn and impressive.
116 MOST EXCELLENT MASTER.
lem was finished, and the fraternity celebrated the cap-stone
with great joy, it is demonstrable that none but those who
had proved themselves to be complete masters of their pro-
fession were admitted to this honor; and indeed the duties
incumbent on every Mason who is accepted and acknowl-
edged as a Most Excellent Master, are such as render it in-
dispensable that he should have a perfect knowledge of all
the preceding degrees.
One x>f the following passages of Scripture is rehearsed at
opening, accompanied by solemn ceremonies:
The earth is the Lord's, and the fullness thereof; the
world, and they that dwell therein. For he hath founded
it upon the seas, and established it upon the floods. Who
shall ascend into the hill of the Lord? and who shall stand
in his holy place? He that hath clean hands, and a pure
heart; who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor
sworn deceitfully. He shall receive the blessing from the
Lord, and righteousness from the God of his salvation.
This is the generation of them that seek him, that seek thy
face, Jacob. Selah. Lift up your heads, O ye gates, and
be ye lifted up, ye everlasting doors, and the King of Glory
shall come in. Who is this King of Glory? The Lord,
strong and mighty, the Lord, mighty in battle. Lift up
your heads, ye gates, even lift them up, ye everlasting
doors, and the King of Glory shall come in. Who is this
King of Glory? The Lord of Hosts, he is the King of.
Glory. Selah. — Psalm xxiv.
I was glad when they said unto me, Let us go into the
house of the Lord. Our feet shall stand within thy gates,
Jerusalem. Jerusalem is builded as a city that is compact
together; whither the tribes go up, the tribes of the Lord,
unto the testimony of Israel, to give thanks unto the name
of the Lord. For there are set thrones of judgment, the
thrones of the house of David.
Pray for the peace of Jerusalem ; they shall prosper that
love thee. Peace be within thy walls and prosperity within
thy palaces. For my brethren and companions' sake, I will
now say, Peace be within thee. Because of the house of the
Lord our God, I will seek thy good. — Psalm cxxii.
In the original editions the following Ode occurs in the Appendix.
It is set in this place for the grealer convenience of use.
MOST EXCELLENT MASTER. H7
MOST EXCELLENT MASTERS' ODE.
AIR— "ALL HAIL TO THE MORNING.
ARRANGED BY BRO. JAS. B. TAYLOR.
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MOST EXCELLENT MASTER.
ev er has guid - ed The tribes of old Israel, ex - alting their
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praise His great name,
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4. Almighty Jehovah !
Descend now and fill
This Lodge with thy glory,
Our hearts with good will l
Preside at our meetings,
Assist us to find
True pleasure in teaching
Good- will to mankind.
Thy Wisdom, inspired the great institution,
Thy Strength shall support it, till Nature expire ;
And when the creation shall fall into ruin,
Its Beauty shall rise, through the midst of the fire.
MOST EXCELLENT MASTER.
Passages of Scripture from 2 Chron. vi : are also intro-
duced with solemn ceremonies. 1
Now, when Solomon had made an end of praying, the fire
came down from heaven and consumed the burnt-offering
and the sacrifices ; and the glory of the Lord filled the house.
And the priests could not enter into the house of the Lord,
because the glory of the Lord had filled the Lord's house.
And when all the children of Israel saw how the fire came
down, and the glory of the Lord upon the house, they bowed
themselves with their faces to the ground upon the pave-
ment, and worshiped, and praised the Lord, saying, For he
is good; for his mercy endureth forever. — 2 Chron. vii : 1-4.
CHARGE TO BE DELIVERED TO A BROTHER WHO IS ACCEPTED
AND ACKNOWLEDGED AS A MOST EXCELLENT MASTER.
" Brother : — Your admittance to this degree of Masonry,
is a proof of the good opinion the brethren of this Lodge
• The whole of this chapter, or extracts from it, used by the Master
at discretion. As every Lodge is provided •with a copy of the Holy
Scriptures as an essential part of its furniture, we have thought proper
to omit the lengthy passages, and use the space for other matter not »q
easily available to the Craft.
120 MOST EXCELLENT MASTER.
entertain of your Masonic abilities. Let this consideration
induce you to be careful of forfeiting, by misconduct or
inattention to our rules, that esteem which has raised you
to the rank you now possess.
" It is one of your great duties, as a Most Excellent Master,
to dispense light and truth to the uninformed Mason ; and
I need not remind you of the impossibility of complying with
this obligation without possessing an accurate acquaintance
with the lectures of each degree.
" If you are not already completely conversant in all the
degrees heretofore conferred on you, remember, that an indul-
gence, prompted by a belief that you will apply yourself with
double diligence to make yourself so, has induced the Breth-
ren to accept you.
" Let it, therefore, be your unremitting study to acquire
such a degree of knowledge and information as shall enable
you to discharge with propriety the various duties incumbent
on you, and to preserve unsullied the title now conferred
upon you of a Most Excellent Master."
ROYAL ARCH MASON
a AAA a
OBSERVATIONS ON THE SEVENTH, OR DEGREE OF ROYAL ARCH
This degree is indescribably more august, sublime, and
important, than all which precede it; and it is the summit
and perfection of ancient Masonry. It impresses on our
minds a belief of the being and existence of a Supreme Deity,
without beginning of days or end of years : and reminds us
of the reverence due to his holy name.
This degree brings to light many essentials of the Craft,,
which were for the space of four hundred and seventy years
buried in darkness ; and without a knowledge of which the
Masonic character can not be complete.
122 ROYAL ARCH.
The following passage of Scripture is read at the open-
Now we command you, brethren, that ye withdraw your-
selves from every brother that walketh disorderly, and not
after the tradition which ye received of us. For yourselves
know how ye ought to follow us, for we behaved not ourselves
disorderly among you. Neither did we eat any man's bread
for naught, but wrought with labor and travail night and
day, that we might not be chargeable to any of you. Not
because we have not power, but to make ourselves an ensam-
p!e unto you to follow us. For even when we were with you,
this we commanded you, that if any would not work, neither
should he eat: For we hear that there are some which walk
among you disorderly, working not at all, but are busybodies.
Now them that are such, we command and exhort, that with
quietness they work, and eat their own bread. But ye,
brethren, be ye not weary in well-doing. And if any man
obey not our word, note that man, and have no company with
him, that he may be ashamed. Yet count him not as an
enemy, but admonish him as a brother. Now the Lord of
peace himself give you peace always, by all means. The
salutations of Paul, with mine own hand, which is the token:
so I write. — 2 Tkess. iii : 6-17.
OBSERVATIONS ON THE SEVENTH LECTURE.
The lecture of this degree is divided into two sections, and
should be well understood by every Royal Arch Mason.
Upon an accurate acquaintance with it, will depend his use-
fulness, at our assemblies ; and without it, he will be unquali-
fied to perform the duties of the various stations in which
his services may be required by the Chapter. 1
THE FIRST SECTION.
The first section opens to our view a large field for con-
templation and study. It furnishes us with many interesting
1 The officers of a Chapter, independent of the Tyler, are nine, viz. :
High Priest, King, Scribe, Captain of the Host, Principal Sojourner,
Roval Arch Captain, Grand Master 3d Vail, Grand Master 2d Vail,
Grand Master 1st Vail.
particulars relative to the state of the fraternity, during and
since the reign of King Solomon; and illustrates the causes
and consequences of some very important events which
occurred during his reign.
This section explains the mode of government in this class
of Masons; it designates the appellation, number, and situa-
tion, of the several officers; and points out the purposes and
duties of their respective stations.
THE SECOND SECTION.
This section contains much valuable historical information,
and proves, beyond the power of contradiction, and in thv
most striking colors, that prosperity and happiness are ever
the ultimate consequences of virtue and justice, while dis-
grace and ruin invariably follow the practices of vice and
A proper arrangement of the following charges, etc., is
essentially necessary to be observed in every Chapter; and
their application should be familiar to every Royal Arch
I will bring the blind by a way that they knew not; I will
1* , 4 ROYAL ARCH.
lead them in paths that they have not known; I will maka
darkness light before them, and crooked things straight:
These things will I do unto them, and will not forsake them.
— Isaiah, xlii.. 16.
PRATER REHEARSED DURING THE CEREMONY OF EXALTATION
TO THE DEGREE OF ROYAL ARCH MASON.
"Supreme Architect of Universal Nature, who, by thine
almighty word, didst speak into being the stupendous Arch
of Heaven, and for the instruction and pleasure of thy
rational creatures, didst adorn us with greater and lesser
lights; thereby magnifying Thy power, and endearing Thy
goodness unto the sons of men : we humbly adore and worship
thine unspeakable perfection. We bless Thee that when man
had fallen from his innocence and his happiness, Thou didst
still leave unto him the powers of reasoning, and capacity
of improvement and of pleasure. We thank Thee that amid
the pains and calamities of our present state, so many means
of refreshment and satisfaction are reserved unto us, while
traveling the rugged path of life. Especially would we at
this time render Thee our thanksgiving and praise for the
institution, as members of which we are at this time assem-
bled, and for all the pleasures we have derived from it. We
thank Thee that the few here assembled before Thee, have
been favored with new inducements, and laid under new and
stronger obligations, to virtue and holiness. May these
obligations, blessed Father, have their full effect upon us.
Teach us, we pray Thee, the true reverence of Thy great,
mighty and terrible name. Inspire us with a firm and un-
shaken resolution in our virtuous pursuits. Give us grace
diligently to search Thy word in the Book of Nature, wherein
the duties of our high vocation are inculcated with divine
authority. May the solemnity of the ceremonies of our insti-
tution be duly impressed on our minds, and have a lasting
and happy effect upon our lives. Thou, who didst afore-
time appear unto Thy servant Moses in a flame of fire out of
the midst of a. bush, enkindle, we beseech Thee, in each of our
hearts, a flame of devotion to Thee, of love to each other,
and of charity to us all mankind. May all Thy miracles and
mighty works fill us with the dread, and Thy goodness impress
ua with the love of Thy holy name. May holiness to the Lord
be engraven on all our thoughts, words and actions. May
the incense of piety ascend continually unto Thee from the
altar of our hearts, and burn, day and night, as a sacrifice
of a sweet-smelling savor, well-pleasing unto Thee. And
since sin has destroyed within us the first temple of purity
and innocence, may Thy heavenly grace guide and assist us
in rebuilding a second Temple of reformation, and may the
glory of this latter house be greater than the glory of the
Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the
priest of Midian; and he led the flock to the backside of the
desert, and came to the mountain of God, even to Horeb.
And the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a flame of
fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold,
the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed.
And Moses said, I will now turn aside, and see this great
sight, why the bush is not burned. And when the Lord saw
that he turned aside to see, God called unto him out of the
midst of the bush, and said, Moses, Moses ! And he said,
Here am I. And he said, Draw not nigh hither : put off thy
shoes from thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is
holy ground. Moreover he said, I am the God of thy father;
the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.
And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look upon God.
! — Exodus iii : 1-6.
Zedekiah was one-and-twenty years old when he began to
reign, and reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And he did
that which was evil in the sight of the Lord his God, and
humbled not himself before Jeremiah the prophet, speaking
from the mouth of the Lord. And he also rebelled against
King Nebuchadnezzar, and stiffened his neck, and hardened
his heart from turning unto the Lord God of Israel.
Moreover, all the chiefs of the priests and the people trans-
gressed very much, after all the abominations of the heathen,
and polluted the house of the Lord, which he had hallowed
in Jerusalem. And the Lord God of their fathers sent to
them by his messengers; because he had compassion on his
people, and on his dwelling-place. But they mocked the
messengers of God, and despised his words, and misused his
prophets, until the wrath of the Lord arose against his people,
till there was no remedy. Therefore he brought upon them
the king of the Chaldees, who slew their young men with the
sword, in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion
upon young men or maiden, old men, or him that stooped for
age ; he gave them all into his hand. And all the vessels of
the house of God, great
and small, and trea-
sures of the house of
the Lord, and the trea-
sures of the king, and
of his princes; all these
he brought to Babylon.
And they burnt the
house of God, and
brake down the wall of
Jerusalem, and burnt
all the palaces thereof
with fire, and destroyed
all the goodly vessels
thereof. And them
that had escaped from
the sword, carried he away to Babylon ; where they were ser-
vants to him and his sons, until the reign of the kingdom
of Persia.— 2 Chron.xxxvi: 11-20.
Now, in the first year of Cyrus, king of Persia, the Lord
stirred up the spirit of Cyrus, king of Persia, that he made a
proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in
writing, saying, Thus saith Cyrus, king of Persia, The Lord
God of Heaven hath given me all the kingdoms of the earth
and he hath charged me to build him an house at Jerusalem
which is in Judah.
PROCLAMATION OF CYRUS.
WHO IS THERE AMONG YOU OF ALL HIS
PEOPLE? HIS GOD BE WITH HIM, AND LET HIM
GO UP TO JERUSALEM, WHICH IS IN JUDAH,
AND BUILD THE HOUSE OF THE LORD GOD OF
ISRAEL. HE IS THE GOD WHICH IS IN JERU-
SALEM.— Ezra i : 1-3.
And Moses said unto God, Behold, when I come unto the
children of Israel, and shall say unto them, The God of your
fathers hath sent me unto you; and they shall say to me,
What is his name? what shall I say unto them ?
128 ROYAL ARCH.
And God said unto Moses I am that I am: And thus
shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I am hath sent me
unto you. — Exodus iii : 13, 14.
Lord, I cry unto Thee : make haste unto me : give ear
unto my voice. Let my prayer be set forth before Thee as
incense, and the lifting up of my hands as the evening sacri-
fice. Set a watch, Lord, before my mouth ; keep the door
of my lips. Incline not my heart to any evil thing, to prac-
tice wicked works with men that work iniquity. Let the
righteous smite me, it shall be a kindness ; and let him re-
prove me, it shall be an excellent oil. Mine eyes are unto
Thee, God the Lord : in Thee is my trust ; leave not my
soul destitute. Keep me from the snares which they have
laid for me, and the gins of the workers of iniquity. Let the
wicked fall into their own nets, whilst that I withal escape. —
I cried unto the Lord with my voice ; with my voice unto
the Lord did I make my supplication. I poured out my com-
plaint before him : I snowed before him my trouble. When
my spirit was overwhelmed within me, then Thou knewestmy
path : in the way wherein I walked have they privily laid a
snare for me. I looked on my right hand, and beheld, but
there was no man that would know me; refuge failed me : no
man cared for my soul. I cried unto Thee, O Lord ; I said,
Thou art my refuge, and my portion in the land of the living.
Attend unto my cry ; for I am brought very low : deliver me
from my persecutors ; for they are stronger than I. Bring
my soul out of darkness, that I may praise Thy name. —
Hear my prayer, Lord ; give ear to my supplications :
in Thy faithfulness answer me, and in Thy righteousness.
And enter not into judgment with Thy servant : for in Thy
sight shall no man living be justified. For the enemy hath
persecuted my soulj he hath smitten my life down to the
ground : he hath made me to dwell in darkness. Therefore
is my spirit overwhelmed within me : my heart within me is
desolate. Hear me speedily, Lord ; my spirit faileth : hide
not Thy face from me, lest I be like unto them that go down
into the pit. Cause me to hear Thy loving-kindness in the
morning ; for in Thee do I trust: cause me to know the way
wherein I should walk ; for I lift my soul unto Thee. Teach
me to do Thy will ; for Thou art my God : bring my soul out
SECOND SECTION. 129
of trouble, and of Thy mercy cut off mitie enemies, for I am
Thy servant. — Psalm cxliii.
And Moses answered and said, But, behold ! they will not
believe me, nor hearken unto my voice : for they will say,
The Lord hath not appeared unto thee. And the Lord said
unto him, What is that in thine hand? And he said, A rod.
And he said, Cast it on the ground ; and he cast it on the
ground, and it became a serpent; and Moses fled from before
it. And the Lord said unto Moses, Put forth thine hand,
and take it by the tail. And he put forth his hand and
caught it, and it became a rod in his hand. That they may
believe that the Lord God of your fathers, the God of Abra-
ham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath appeared
And the Lord said furthermore unto him, Put now thine
hand into thy bosom ; and he put his hand into his bosom :
and when he took it out, behold, his hand was leprous as
snow. And He said, Put thine hand into thy bosom again :
and he put his hand into his bosom again, and plucked it out
of his bosom, and, behold, it was turned again as his other
flesh. And it shall come to pass, if they will not believe thee,
neither hearken to the voice of the first sign, that they will
believe the voice of the latter sign.
And it shall come to pass, if they will not believe also these
two signs, neither hearken unto thy voice, that thou shalt
take of the water of the river, and pour it upon the dry land :
and the water which thou takest out of the river shall become
blood upon the dry land. — Exodus iv : 1-10.
In the seventh month, in the one-and-twentieth day of the
month, came the word of the Lord by the prophet Haggai,
saying, Speak now to Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, gov-
ernor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Josedech, the high
priest, and to the residue of the people, saying, Who is left
among you that saw this house in her first glory? and how
do ye see it now? is it not in your eyes in comparison of it
as nothing? Yet now be strong, Zerubbabel, and be
strong, Joshua, son of Josedech the high priest, and be
strong, all ye people of the land, and work ; for I am with
you, according to the word which I covenanted with you
when ye came out of Egypt, so my spirit remaineth among
you: fear ye not. For thus saith the Lord of hosts, Yet once,
it is a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the
earth, and the sea, and the dry land: and I will shake all
nations, and the desire of all nations shall come, and I will
fill this ho'use with glory. The silver is mine, and the gold
is mine. The glory of this latter house shall be greater than
of the former,, and in this place will I give peace.
In that day will I take thee, Zerubbabel, my servant,
the son of Shealtiel, saith the Lord, and will make thee as a
signet: for I have chosen thee. — Haggai ii: 1-9, 23.
SECOND SECTION. 131
This is the word of the Lord unto Zerubbabel, saying,
Not by might nor power, but by my spirit. Who art thou,
great mountain ? before Zerubbabel thou shalt become a
plain, and he shall bring forth the head-stone thereof with
shouting, crying Grace, grace, unto it. Moreover, the word
of the Lord came unto me saying, The hands of Zerubbabel
have laid the foundation of this house, his hands shall also
finish it; and thou shalt know that the Lord of Hosts hath
sent me unto you. For who hath despised the day of small
things? for they shall rejoice, and shall see the plummet in
the hands of Zerubbabel with those seven. — Zechariah iv :
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with
God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning
with God. All things were made by him ; and without him
was not anything made that was made. In him was life,
and the life was the light of men. And the light shineth
in darkness, and the darkness comprehendeth it not. — John
And it came to pass when Moses had made an end of
writing the words of this law in a book, until they were
finished, that Moses commanded the Levites which bare the
ark of the covenant of the Lord, saying, Take this book of
the law, and put it in the side of the ark of the covenant
of the Lord your God, that it may be there for a witness
against thee. — Deuteronomy xxxi : 24-26. '
And thou shalt put the Mercy Seat above, upon the ark;
and in the ark thou shalt put the testimony that I shall give
thee. — Exodus xxv : 21 .
And Moses said, This is the thing which the Lord com-
mandeth, Fill an omer of the manna, to be kept for your
generations: that they may see the bread wherewith I have
fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you forth from
the land of Egypt. And Moses said unto Aaron, Take a pot
and put an omer full of manna therein, and lay it up before
the Lord, to be kept for your generations. As the Lord
commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up before the testimony
to be kept. — Exodus xvi : 32-34.
And the Lord said unto Moses, Bring Aaron's rod again be-
fore the testimony, to be kept for a token. — Numbers xvii: 10.
For there was a tabernacle made; the first wherein was
the candlestick, and the table, and the showbread; which is
called The Sanctuary. And after the vails, the tabernacle,
which is called The Holiest of all; which had a golden cen-
ser, and the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with
gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna, and
Aaron's rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant;
and over it the cherubims of glory, shadowing the mercy-
seat ; of which we can not now speak particularly. — Hebrews
ix : 2-5.
In that day will I raise up the tabernacle of David that is
fallen, and close up the breaches thereof, and I will raise up
his ruins, and I will build it as in the days of old. — Amos
SECOND SECTION. 133
And God spake unto Moses, and said unto him, I am the
Lord : And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, ancl unto
Jacob, by the name of God Almighty, but by my name Jeho-
vah was I not known to them. — Exodus vi: 2, 3.
The following particulars, relative to King Solomon's
Temple, may with propriety be here introduced, and can not
be uninteresting to a Royal Arch Mason :
This famous fabric was situated on Mount Moriah, near
the place where Abraham was about to offer up his son Isaac,
and where David met and appeased the destroying angel. It
was begun in the fourth year of the reign of Solomon ; the
third after the death of David ; four hundred and eighty
years after the passage of the Red Sea, and on the second
day of the Month Zif, being the second month of the sacred
year, which answers to the twenty-first of April, in the year
of the world 2992, and was carried on with such prodigious
speed, that it was finished, in all its parts, in little more than
By the Masonic art, and the wise regulations of Solomon,
every part of the building, whether of stone, brick, timber or
metal, was wrought and prepared before it was brought to
Jerusalem so that the only tools made use of in erecting the
fabric were wooden instruments prepared for that purpose.
The noise of the ax, the hammer, and every other tool of
metal, was confined to the forests of Lebanon, where the
timber was procured, and to Mount Libanus, and the plains
and quarries of Zeredatha, where the stones were raised,
squared, marked and numbered ; that nothing might be
heard among the Masons at Jerusalem, but harmony and
In the year of the world 3029, King Solomon died, and
was succeeded by his son Rehoboam, who, immediately after
the death of his father, went down to Shechem, where the
chiefs of the people were met together to proclaim him
When Jeroboam, the son of Nebat, who was in Egypt,
whither he had fled from the presence of Solomon, and whose
ambition had long aspired to the throne, heard of the death
of the king, he hastened to return from Egypt, to put him-
self at the head of the discontented tribes, and lead them on
to rebellion. He accordingly assembled them together, and
came to King Rehoboam, and spake to him after this manner;
134 ROYAL ARCH.
Thy father made our yoke grievous; now, therefore, ease
thou somewhat the grievous servitude of thy father, and his
heavy yoke that he put upon us, and we will serve thee. And
he said unto them, Come again unto me after three days. And
the people departed. And King Rehoboam took counsel
with the old men that had stood before Solomon his father
while he yet lived, saying, What counsel give ye me, to
return answer to this people? And they spake unto him,
saying, If thou be kind to this people, and please them, and
speak good words to them, they will be thy servants forever.
But he forsook the counsel which the old men gave him, and
took counsel with the young men that were brought up with
him, that stood before him. And he said unto them, What
advice give ye, that we may return answer to this people,
which have spoken to me, saying, Ease somewhat the yoke
that thy father did put upon us ? And the young men that
were brought up with him spake unto him, saying, Thus
shalt thou answer the people that spake unto thee, saying,
Thy father made our yoke heavy, but make thou it somewhat
lighter for us ; thus shalt thou say unto them, My little finger
shall be thicker than my father's loins. For, whereas my
father put a heavy yoke upon you, I will put more to your
yoke ; my father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise
you with scorpions. So Jeroboam and all the people came
to Rehoboam on the third day, as the king bade, saying,
Come again to me on the third day. And the king answered
them roughly ; and King Rehoboam forsook the counsel of
the old men ; and answered them after the advice of the
young men, saying, My father made your yoke heavy, but
I will add thereto; my father chastised you with whips, but
I will chastise you with scorpions. And when all Israel saw
that the king would not hearken unto them, the people
answered the king, saying, What portion have we in David?
and we have none inheritance in the son of Jesse: every
man to your tents, Israel ; and now, David, see to thine
own house. So all Israel went to their tents. — 2 Chron. x.
But as for the children of Israel that dwelt in the cities
of Judah and Benjamin, Rehoboam reigned over them.
In this manner were the tribes of Israel divided, and under
two distinct governments, for two hundred and .fifty-four
years, when the ten revolted tribes, having become weak and
degenerated, by following the wickedness and idolatry of the
SECOND SECTION. 135
kings who governed them, fell a prey to Salmanezer, king of
Assyria, who in the reign of Hoshea, king of Israel, besieged
the city of Samaria, laid their country waste, and utterly
extirpated their government. Such was the wretched fate of
a people who disdained subjection to the laws of the house
of David, and whose impiety and effeminacy ended in their
After a series of changes and events, of which an account
may be found in the history of the Temple, Nebuchadnezzar,
king of Babylon, with his forces, took possession of Jeru-
salem, and having made captive Jehoiachim, the king of
Jiidah, elevated his uncle Zedekiah to the throne, after bind-
ing him by a solemn oath, neither to make innovations in
the government, nor to take part with the Egyptians in their
wars against Babylon.
At the end of eight years Zedekiah violated his oath to
Nebuchadnezzar, by forming a treaty offensive and defensive
with the Egyptians; thinking that jointly they could subdue
the king of Babylon. Nebuchadnezzar immediately marched
and ravaged Zedekiah's country, seized his castle and fortress,
and proceeded to the siege of Jerusalem. Pharaoh, learning
how Zedekiah was pressed, advanced to his relief, with a
view of raising the siege. Nebuchadnezzar, having intima-
tion thereof, would not wait his approach, but proceeded to
give him battle, and, in one contest, drove him out of Syria.
This circumstance suspended the siege.
In the ninth year of Zedekiah's reign, the king of Baby-
lon again besieged Jerusalem, with a large army, and for a
year and a half exerted all his strength to conquer it, but the
city did not yield, though enfeebled by famine. and pestilence.
In the eleventh year, the siege went on vigorously ; the
Babylonians completed their works, having raised towers all
round the city, so as to drive the invaded party from its walls.
The place, though a prey to plague and famine, was obsti-
nately defended during the space of a year and a half. But
at length, want of provisions and forces compelled its sur-
render, and it was accordingly delivered, at midnight, to the
officers of Nebuchadnezzar.
Zedekiah, seeing the troops enter the Temple, absconded by
a narrow pass to the desert, with his officers and friends; but
advice of his escape being given to the Babylonians, they
pursued them early in the morning, and surrounded them
136 ROYAL ARCH.
near Jericho, where they were bound, and carried before the
king, who ordered his wives and children to be put to death
in his sight; and then ordered Zedekiah's eyes to be put out,
and himself conducted in chains to Babylon.
After this victory, Nebuchadnezzar dispatched his principal
officer, Nebuzaradan, to Jerusalem, to ransack and burn both
palace and Temple, to raze the city to the ground, and con-
duct the captive inhabitants to Babylon; this order he accord-
ingly executed. Among the captives, were the following
persons of eminence: Seraiah, the High Priest; Zephaniah,
next in rank; the secretary to the king; three principal
keepers of the Temple ; seven of the king's chosen friends,
and other persons of distinction.
In the seventieth year of the captivity of the Jews, and the
first of the reign of Cyrus, king of Persia, he issued his
famous edict, purporting that the God adored by the Israel-
ites was the eternal Being through whose bounty he enjoyed
the regal dignity, and that he had found himself honorably
mentioned by the prophets of ancient date, as the person who
sbould cause Jerusalem to be rebuilt, and restore the Hebrews
to their former state of grandeur and independency; he,
therefore, gave orders for the release of the captives, with his
permission to return to their own native country, to rebuild
the city, and the house of the Lord.
The principal people of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin,
with the priests and Levites, immediately departed for Jeru-
salem, and commenced the undertaking; but many of the
Jews determined to remain in Babylon rather than relinquish
the possessions they had obtained in that city.
CHARGE TO A NEWLY EXALTED COMPANION.
" Worthy Companion: — By the consent and assistance of
the members of this Chapter, you are now exalted to the sub-
lime' and honorable degree of a Royal Arch Mason.
** Having attained this degree, you have arrived at the
summit and perfection of ancient Masonry; and are conse-
quently entitled to a full explanation of the mysteries of the
" The rites and mysteries developed in this degree have
been handed down through a chosen few, unchanged by time,
and uncontrolled by prejudice; and we expect and trust,
SECOND SECTION. 137
they will be regarded by you with the same veneration, and
transmitted with the same scrupulous purity to your suc-
" No one can reflect on the ceremonies of gaining admis-
sion into this place, without being forcibly struck with the
important lessons which they teach.
" Here we are necessarily led to contemplate with gratitude
and admiration the sacred source from whence all earthly
comforts flow; here we find additional inducements to con-
tinue steadfast and immovable in the discharge of our respec-
tive duties; and here we are bound, by the most solemn ties,
to promote each other's welfare, and correct each other's fail-
ings, by advice, admonition, and reproof.
" As it is our most earnest desire, and a duty we owe to
our Companions of this Order, that the admission of every
candidate into this Chapter should be attended by the appro-
bation of the most scrutinizing eye, we hope always to possess
the satisfaction of finding none among us, but such as will
promote to the utmost of their power the great end of our
institution. By paying due attention to this determination,
we expect you will never recommend any candidate to this
Chapter, whose abilities and knowledge of the foregoing de-
grees, you can not freely vouch for, and whom you do not
firmly and confidently believe, will fully conform to the prin-
ciples of our Order, and fulfill the obligations of a Royal Arch
Mason. While such are our members, we may expect to be
united in one object, without lukewarmness, inattention or
neglect; and that zeal, fidelity, and affection, will be the dis-
tinguishing characteristics of our society, and that satisfac-
tion, harmony, and peace be enjoyed at our meetings, which
no other society can afford."
The Chapter is closed with solemn ceremonies ; and the
following prayer is rehearsed, by the Most Excellent High
" By the Wisdom of the Supreme High Priest may we be
directed, by his Strength may we be enabled, and by the
Beauty of virtue may we be incited, to perform the obliga-
tions here enjoined on us; to keep inviolably the mysteries
138 ROYAL ARCH.
here unfolded to us ; and invariably to practice all thos
duties out of the Chapter, which are inculcated in it."
Response: So mote it be. Amen.
After these observations little more can be wanted to
encourage the zealous Mason to persevere in his researches.
Whoever has traced the Art in regular progression from the
commencement of the first to the conclusion of the seventh
degree, according to the plan here laid down, will have
amassed an ample store of useful learning; and must reflect
with pleasure on the good effects of his past diligence and
attention ; while, by applying the whole to the general ad-
vantage of society, he will observe method in the proper
distribution of what he has acquired, secure to himself the
veneration of Masons, and the approbation of all good men.
This Order, when conferred with solemn ceremony, as in
Ohio and Kentucky, is truly grand and imposing ; but, in
general, it is only communicated in a convocation of three or
more Past High Priests, and with but little ceremony. This
is in accordance with a common practice in the Ancient and
Accepted Rite, from which the Order was chiefly borrowed.
The officers of a Council, independent of the Tyler, are,
President, Vice President, Chaplain, Treasurer, Recorder t
Master of Ceremonies, Conductor, Herald, and Steward.
OBSERVATIONS ON THE ORDER OF HIGH PRIESTHOOD.
This Order appertains to the office of High Priest of a
Royal Arch Chapter, and no one can be legally entitled to
receive it until he has been elected to sustain that office in
some regular Chapter of Royal Arch Masons.
The following passages of Scripture are made use of during
the ceremonies appertaining to this Order, viz. :
And they took Lot, Abram's brother's son, who dwelt in
Sodom, and his goods, and departed. And there came one
that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew ; for he dwelt
in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eschol, and
brother of Aner : and these were confederate with Abram.
And when Abram heard that his brother was taken captive,
he armed his trained servants, born in his own house, three
hundred and eighteen, and pursued them unto Dan. And he
divided himself against them, he and his servants, by night,
and smote them, and pursued them unto Hobah, which is on
the left hand of Damascus. And he brought back all the
goods, and also brought again his brother Lot, and his goods,
and the women also, and the people. And the king of Sodom
went out to meet him (after his return from the slaughter
of Chedorlaomer, and of the kings that were with him,) at the
valley of Shevah, which is the king's dale. And Melchise-
dek, king of Salem, brought forth bread and wine : and he
was the priest of the most high God. And he blessed him, and
said, Blessed be Abram of the most high Cod, possessor of
heaven and earth : and blessed be the most high Cod, which
hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave
142 HIGH PRIESTHOOD.
him tithes of all. And the king of Sodom said unto Abram,
Give me the persons, and take the goods to thyself. And
Abram said to the king of Sodom, I have lifted up mine hand
unto the Lord, the most high God, the possessor of heaven and
earth, that I will not take from a thread even to a shoe-latchet,
and that I will not take any thing that is thine, lest thou
shouldest say, I have made Abram rich : Save only that
which the young men have eaten, and the portion of the men
which went with me, Aner, Eschol, and Mamre; let them
take their portion. — Genesis xiv : 12-24.
And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, " Speak unto
Aaron, and unto his sons, saying, On this wise ye shall bless
the children of Israel, saying unto them, The Lord bless thee,
and keep thee ; the Lord make his face shine upon thee, and
be gracious unto thee ; the Lord lift up his countenance upon
thee, and give thee peace. — Numbers vi : 22-26.
For this Melchisedek, king of Salem, priest of the most
high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of
the kings, and blessed him ; to whom also Abraham gave a
tenth part of all ; (first being, by interpretation, King of
Righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is,
King of Peace ; without father, without mother, without de-
scent, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but
made like unto the Son of God) ; abideth a priest continu-
ally. Now consider how great this man was, unto whom
even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils.
And verily they that are of the sons of Levi, who receive the
office of the priesthood, have a commandment to take tithes
of the people according to the law, that is, of their brethren,
though they come out of the loins of Abraham. — Heb. vii:
For he testifieth, Thou art a priest forever, after the order
And inasmuch as not without an oath he was made priest.
For those priests [under the Levitical law~\ were made with-
out an oath ; but this with an oath, by him that said unto
him, The Lord sware, and will not repent, Thou art a Priest
forever, after the order of Melchisedek. — Heb. vii : 17-21.
HIGH PRIESTHOOD. 143
CEREMONIES AND CHARGES UPON CONSTITUTING AND DEDI-
CATING A ROYAL ARCH CHAPTER AND INSTALLING ITS
I. The Grand officers will meet at a convenient place, and
II. The subordinate Chapter will meet in the outer courts
of their hall, and form an avenue for the reception of the
III. When formed, they will dispatch a committee to the
place where the Grand officers are assembled, to inform the
Grand Marshal that the chapter is prepared to receive them ;
the Grand Marshal will announce the same to the Grand
officers, and introduce the Committee.
IV. The Grand officers will move in procession, conducted
by the Committee, to the hall of the Chapter.
When the Grand High Priest enters, the Grand Chapter
will give the Grand Honors.
V. When the Grand officers have passed through the
avenue they countermarch in the rear of the left hand line
and face to the left. In the meantime the Chapter will form
rank entire and face to the front. The officers of the Chapter
then file off and form a front rank, two paces in advance of
VI. The Grand Secretary will then call over the names
of the officers elect; and the Grand High Priest will ask
whether they accept their respective offices. If they answer
in the affirmative, he then asks the members whether they
remain satisfied with their choice. If they answer in the
affirmative, he directs their officers to approach the sacred
volume, and become qualified for installation, according to
ancient usage and custom.
VII. The Grand Marshal will then form the whole in pro-
cession, and they will march through the vails into the inner
apartment, where they will surround the altar, which is previ-
ously furnished and prepared in ample form for the occasion.
VIII. All present will then kneel, and the following prayer
will be recited :
1 In the original editions there is a historical account of Royal Arch
Masonry of twenty-five pages inserted here, which seems to us unsuited
to the place, and unnecessarily cumbersome to the volume. It is there-
144 HIGH PRIESTHOOD.
"Almighty and Supreme High Priest of heaven and earth!
Who is there in heaven but thee, and who upon earth can
stand in competition with thee? Thy Omniscient mind
brings all things in review, past, present, and to come : thine
Omnipotent arm directs the movements of the vast creation;
thine Omnipresent eye pervades the secret recesses of every
heart ; thy boundless beneficence supplies us with every com-
fort and enjoyment; and thine unspeakable perfections and
glory surpass the understandings of the children of men !
Our Father, who art in heaven, we invoke thy benediction
upon the purposes of our present assembly. Let this Chapter
be established to thine honor: let its officers be endowed with
wisdom to discern, and fidelity to pursue, its truest interests;
let its members be ever mindful of the duty they owe to their
God; the obedience they owe to their superiors; the love they
owe to their equals, and the good-will they owe to all man-
kind. Let this Chapter be consecrated to thy glory, and its
members ever exemplify their love to God by their benefi-
cence to man. Glory be to God on high/'
Response. — " Amen. JSo mote it be."
All the Companions except the High Priests 2nd Past High
Priests, are then desired to withdraw, while the new High
Priest is solemnly bound to the performance of his duties;
and after the performance of other necessary ceremonies, not
proper to be written, they are permitted to return.
IX. The whole then repair to their appropriate stations. 1
X. An Anthem or Ode is to be performed.
XI. An Oration or Address is to be delivered.
XII. An Ode or piece of Music.
[XIII. The Deputy Grand High Priest then rises and
informs the Grand High Priest, that " a number of Com-
panions, duly instructed in the sublime mysteries, being
desirous of promoting the honor, and propagating the prin-
ciples of the Art, have applied to the Grand Chapter for a
warrant to constitute a new Chapter of Royal Arch Masons,
which, having obtained, they are now assembled for the pur-
1 Those paragraphs which are inclosed within brackets apply ex-
clusively to cases where new Chapters are constituted, and their officers
installed for the first time. The rest apply equally to such cases, and
to annual installations. — Webb.
HIGH PRIESTHOOD. 145
pose of being constituted, and having their officers installed
in due and ancient form."]
[XIY. The Grand Master will then form the officers and
members of the new Chapter in front of the Grand officers ;
after which, the Grand High Priest directs the Grand Secre-
tary to read the warrant.]
[XV. The Grand High Priest then rises and says : " By
virtue of the high powers in me vested, I do form you, my
respected Companions, into a regular Chapter of Royal Arch
Masons. From henceforth you are authorized and empowered
to open and hold a Lodge of Mark Masters, Past Masters, and
Most Excellent Masters, and a Chapter of Royal Arch Masons ;
and to do and perform all such things as thereunto may
appertain; conforming, in all your doings, to the General
Grand Royal Arch Constitution, and the general regulations
of the State Grand Chapter. And may the God of your
fathers be with you, guide and direct you in all your doings."]
[XVI. The Public Grand Honors will then be given by
the officers and members of the new Chapter while passing
in review in front of the Grand officers.]
[XVII. The furniture, clothing, jewels, implements, uten-
sils, etc., belonging to the Chapter (having been previously
placed in the center, in front of the Grand officers, covered),
are now uncovered, and the new Chapter is dedicated in due
and ancient form, as is well described in the Most Excellent
XVIII. The Deputy Grand High Priest will then present
the first officer of the new Chapter to the Grand High Priest,
"Most Excellent Grand High Priest: — I present you
my worthy Companion , nominated in the warrant,
to be installed High Priest of this new Chapter. I find him
to be skillful in the royal Art, and attentive to the moral
precepts of our forefathers, and have, therefore, no doubt but
he will discharge the duties of his office with fidelity."
The Grand High Priest then addresses him as follows:
"Most Excellent Companion: — I feel much satisfaction
in performing my duty on the present occasion, by installing
you into the office of High Priest of this new Chapter. It
146 HIGH PRIESTHOOD.
is an office highly honorable to all those
who diligently perform the important du-
ties annexed to it. Your reputed Masonic
knowledge, however, precludes the neces-
sity of a particular enumeration of those
duties. I shall, therefore, only observe, that
by a frequent recurrence to the Constitution
and General Regulations, and constant practice of the several
sublime lectures and charges, you will be -best able to fulfill
them ; and I am confident that the Companions who are
chosen to preside with you, will give strength to your en-
deavors, and support your exertions. I shall now propose
certain questions to you, relative to the duties of your office,
and to which I must request your unequivocal answer:
" 1. Do you solemnly promise that you will redouble your
endeavors to correct the vices, purify the morals, and promote
the happiness of those of your Companions, who have attained
this sublime degree?
" 2. That you will never suffer your Chapter to be opened,
unless there be present nine regular Royal Arch Masons?'
" 3. That you will never suffer either more or less than
three brethren to be exalted in your Chapter at one and th*
same time ?'
" 4. That you will not exalt any one to this degree, who
has not shown a charitable and humane disposition ; or whc
has not made a considerable proficiency in the foregoing
" 5. That you will promote the general good of our Order,
and, on all proper occasions, be ready to give and receive
instructions, and particularly from the General and State
u 6. That, to the utmost of your power, you will preserve
the solemnities of our ceremonies, and behave in open Chap-
ter, with the most profound respect and reverence, as an
example to your Companions?
" 7. That you will not acknowledge or have intercourse
with any Chapter that does not work under a constitutional
warrant or dispensation?
1 This rule, in practice, is relaxed, and only technically observed by
admitting one and sometimes two Companions as substitutes, wher«
the necessity of the case seems to demand it.
HIGH PRIESTHOOD. 147
" 8. That you will not admit any visitor into your Chapter
who has not been exalted in a Chapter legally constituted!
without his being first formally healed?
" 9 That you will observe and support such by-laws as
may be made by your Chapter, in conformity to the General
Grand Royal Arch Constitution, and the general regulations
ot the Grand Chapter ?
" 10. That you pay due respect and obedience to the instruc-
tions of the General and -State Grand officers, particularly
relating to the several lectures and charges, and will resign the
Chair to them, severally, when they may visit your Chapter?
p i * v n y ° U W su PP° rt and observe the General Grand
Royal Arch Constitution, and the general regulations of the
Grand Royal Arch Chapter, under whose authority you act?
Do you submit to all these things, and do you promise to
observe and practice them faithfully ?"
These^ questions being answered in the affirmative, the
Companions all kneel and the Grand Chaplain repeats the
following, or some other suitable prayer :
"Most Holy and glorious Lord God, the Great High Priest
of heaven and earth! we approach thee with reverence, and
implore thy blessings on the Companion appointed to preside
oyer this new assembly, and now prostrate before thee; fill
his heart with fear that his- tongue and actions may pro-
nounce thy glory. Make him steadfast in thy service /g^ant
him firmness of mind; animate his heart, and strengthen his
endeavors; may he teach thy judgments and thy kws: and
may the incense he shall put before thee, upontfune 'alter,
prove an acceptable sacrifice unto thee. Bless him, Lord
and bless the work of his hands. Accept us, in mercy; hear
thou from heaven, thy dwelling-place, and forgive our trans-
EK/'S 1 be t0 God the Father: " * ™ in ^
Response. — " So mote it be."
XIX The Grand High Priest will then cause the High
Priest eect to be invested with his clothing, badges etc •
after which he will address him as follows: '
" Companion :-In consequence of your cheerful acquies-
cence with the charges which you have heard recited, you are
qualified for installation as the High Priest of this Royal
148 HIGH PRIESTHOOD.
Arch Chapter; and it is incumbent upon me, upon this
occasion, to point out some of the particulars appertaining
to your office, duty and dignity."
All legally constituted bodies of Royal Arch Masons are
called Chapters; as regular bodies of Masons of all other
degrees are called Lodges. Every Chapter ought to assemble
for work at least once in every three months, and must
consist of a High Priest, King, Scribe, Captain of the Host,
Principal Sojourner, Royal Arch Chaplain, Three Masters of
the Vails, Secretary, Treasurer, and as many members as may
be found convenient for working to advantage. The officers
of the Chapter officiate in the Lodges holden for conferring
the preparatory degrees according to rank, as follows :
The High Priest as Master.
The King as Senior Warden.
The Scribe as Junior Warden.
The Captain of the Host as Marshal, or Master of Cere-
The Principal Sojourner as Senior Deacon.
The Royal Arch Captain as Junior Deacon.
The Master of the First Vail as Junior Overseer.
The Master of the Second Vail as Senior Overseer.
The Master of the Third Vail as Master Overseer.
The Secretary, Treasurer, and Tyler as officers of corres-
The High Priest of every Chapter has it in special charge
to see that the By-Laws of this Chapter, as well as the Grand
Royal Arch Constitution and the Regulations of the Grand
Chapter, are well observed; that all the officers of his Chapter
perform the duties of their respective offices faithfully, and are
examples of diligence and industry to their companions ; that
true and accurate records of all the proceedings of the Chapter
are kept by the Secretary; that the Treasurer keeps and ren-
ders exact and just accounts of all the moneys and other
property belonging to the Chapter; that the regular returns
be made annually to the Grand Chapter; and that the annual
dues to the Grand Chapter be regularly and punctually paid.
He has the right and authority of calling his Chapter together
at pleasure upon any emergency or occurrence which, in his
judgment, may require their meeting. It is his privilege
and duty, together with the King and Scribe, to attend the
meetings of the Grand Chapter, either in person or by proxy j
HIGH PRIESTHOOD. 14&
and the well-being of the institution requires that his duty
should on no occasion be omitted. "
" The office of High Priest is a station highly honorable to
all those who diligently perform the important duties an-
nexed to it. By a frequent recurrence to the Constitution
and general regulations, and a constant practice of the several
sublime lectures and charges, you will be best enabled to
fulfill those duties; and I am confident that the Companions,
who are chosen to preside with you, will give strength to
your endeavors, and support to your exertions.
" Let the miter, with which you are invested, remind you
of the dignity of the office you sustain, and its inscription
impress upon your mind a sense of your dependence upon
God; that perfection is not given unto man upon earth, and
that perfect holiness belong eth alone unto the Lord,
" The breastplate with which you are decorated, in imita-
tion of that upon which were engraven the names of the
twelve tribes, and worn by the High Priest of Israel, is to
teach you that you are always to bear in mind your responsi-
bility to the laws and ordinances of the institution, and that
the honor and interests of your Chapter and its members,
should be always near your heart.
"The various colors of the Robes you wear, are emblemati-
cal of every grace and virtue which can adorn and beautify
the human mind; each of which will be briefly illustrated iu
the course of the charges to be delivered to your subordinate
"You will now take charge of your officers, standing upon
their right, and present them, severally in succession, to the
Deputy Grand High Priest, by whom they will be presented
to me for installation."
XX. The High Priest of the Chapter will then present
his second officer to the Deputy Grand High Priest, who will
present him to the Grand High Priest, in the words of the
Constitution. The Grand High Priest will ask him whether
he has attended to the Ancient Charges and Regulations before
recited to his superior officer; if he answers in the affirma-
tive, he is asked whether he fully and freely assents to the
same; if he answers in the affirmative, the Grand High
Priest directs his Deputy to invest him with his clothing,
etc., and then addresses him as follows, viz :
150 HIGH PRIESTHOOD.
CHARGE TO THE SECOND OFFICER OR KING.
"Companion: — The important station to
which you are elected in this Chapter, re-
quires from you exemplary conduct ; its
duties demand your most assiduous atten-
tion ; you are to second and support your
chief in all the requirements of his office;
and should casualties at any time prevent
his attendance, you are to succeed him in the performance
of his duties. Your badge (the Level, surmounted by a
Crown) should remind you, that although you are the repre-
sentative of a king, and exalted by office above your com-
panions, yet that you remain upon a level with them, as
respects your duty to God, to your neighbor, and to your-
self; that you are equally bound with them to be obedient
to the laws and ordinances of the institution, to be charita-
ble, humane and just, and to seek every occasion of doing
"Your office teaches a striking lesson of humility. The
institutions of political society teach us to consider the king
as the chief of created beings, and that the first duty of his
subjects is to obey his mandates; but the institutions of our
sublime degrees, by placing the King in a situation subordi-
nate to the High Priest, teach us that our duty to God is
paramount to all other duties, and should ever claim the
priority of our obedience to man; and that, however strongly
we may be bound to obey the laws of civil society, yet that
those laws, to be just, should never intermeddle with matters
of conscience, nor dictate articles of faith.
" The Scarlet Kobe, an emblem of imperial dignity, should
remind you of the paternal concern you should ever feel for
the welfare of your Chapter, and the ardent zeal with which
you should endeavor to promote its prosperity.
"In presenting to you the Crown, which is an emblem of
royalty, I would remind you that, to reign sovereign in the
hearts and affections of men, must be far more grateful to a
generous and benevolent mind, than to rule over their lives
and fortunes ; and that to enable you to enjoy this pre-
eminence with honor and satisfaction, you must subject your
own passions and prejudices to the dominion of reason and
HIGH PRIESTHOOD. 151
11 You are entitled to the second seat in the council of youi
companions. Let the bright example of your illustrious pre-
decessor in the Grand Council at Jerusalem, stimulate you to
the faithful discharge of your duties ; and when the King of
kings shall summon you into his immediate presence, from
his hand may you receive a crown of glory ■, which shall never
XXI. The King will then retire to the line of officers, and
the Scribe will be presented in the manner before mentioned.
After his investiture, the Grand High Priest will address him
as follows, viz :
CHARGE TO THE THIRD OFFICER, OR SCRIBE.
" Companion : — The office of Scribe, to
which you are elected, is very important and
respectable. In the absence of your superior
officers, you are bound to succeed them and
perform their duties. The purposes of the
institution ought never to suffer for want of
intelligence in its proper officers : you will,
therefore, perceive the necessity there is of your possessing
such qualifications as will enable you to accomplish those
duties which are incumbent upon you, in your appropriate
station, as well as those which may occasionally devolve on
you by the absence of your superiors.
" The Purple Robe, with which you are invested, is an
emblem of union and is calculated to remind you that the
harmony and unanimity of the Chapter should be your constant
aim ; and to this end you are studiously to avoid all occasions
of giving offense, or countenancing anything that may create
divisions or dissensions. You are, by all the means in your
power, to endeavor to establish a permanent union and good
understanding among all orders and degrees of Masonry;
and, as the glorious sun, at its meridian hight, dispels the
mist and clouds which obscure the horizon, so may your
exertions tend to dissipate the gloom of jealousy and discord
whenever they may appear.
" Your badge (a Plumb-rule, surmounted by the Turban) is
an emblem of rectitude and vigilance; and while you stand
as a watchman upon the tower, to guard your companions
against the approach of those enemies of human felicity, in*
152 HIGH PRIESTHOOD.
temperance and excess, let this faithful monitor ever remind
you to walk uprightly in your station ; admonishing and
animating your companions to fidelity and industry while at
labor, and to temperance and moderation while at refresh-
ment: and when the great Watchman of Israel, whose eye
never slumbers nor sleeps, shall relieve you from your post
on earth, may he permit you, in heaven, to participate in that
*bod and refreshment which is
'Such as the saints in glory love,
And such as angels eat.' "
XXII. The Scribe will then retire to the line of officers,
and the next officer be presented as before.
CHARGE TO THE FOURTH OFFICER, OR CAPTAIN OF THE HOST.
" Companion : — The office with which you
are intrusted is of high importance, and de-
mands your most zealous consideration. The
preservation of the most essential traits of
our ancient customs, usages and landmarks,
are within your province ; and it is indispen-
sably necessary that the part assigned to you,
in the immediate practice of our rites and ceremonies, should
be perfectly understood and correctly administered. He that
brings the blind by a way that they knew not, and leads them
in paths that they have not known, should always be well
qualified to make darkness light before them, and crooked
" Your office corresponds with that of Marshal, or Master
of Ceremonies. You are to .superintend all processions of
your Chapter, when moving as a distinct body, either in public
or private; and as the world can only judge of our private dis-
cipline by our public deportment, you will be careful that the
utmost order and decorum be observed on all such occasions/'
XXIII. He will then retire to the line of officers, and the
next officer will be presented.
CHARGE TO THE FIFTH OFFICER, OR PRINCIPAL SOJOURNER.
" Companion : — The office confided to you, though subor-
dinate in degree, is equal in importance to any in the Chapter,
that of your chief alone excepted. Your office corresponds
HIGH PRIESTHOOD. 153
with that of Senior Deacon, in the prepara-
tory degree. Among the duties required of
you, the preparation and introduction of can-
didates are not the least. As in our inter-
course with the world, experience teaches
that first impressions are often the most
durable, and the most difficult to eradicate ;
bo it is of great importance, in all cases, that those impressions
should be correct and just; hence it is essential that the
officer who sustains the station assigned to you should pos-
sess a thorough knowledge of his various duties; and that he
should execute them with a promptitude and propriety of
deportment that shall give them their proper effect.
" Your robe of office is an emblem of humility, and teaches
that, in the prosecution of a laudable undertaking, we should
never decline taking any part that may be assigned us, al-
though it may be the most difficult or dangerous.
" The rose-colored tesselated border, adorning the robe, is an
■ emblem of ardor and perseverance, and signifies, that when
we have engaged in a virtuous course, notwithstanding all
the impediments, hardships and trials we may be destined to
encounter, we should endure them all with fortitude, and ar-
dently persevere unto the end; resting assured of receiving,
at the termination of our labors, a noble and glorious reward.
The White Banner intrusted to your care is emblematical of
that purity of life and rectitude of conduct which should dis-
tinguish every one that passes the white vail of the sanctuary.
Your past exertions will be considered as a pledge of your
future assiduity in the faithful discharge of your duties."'
XXIV. He will then retire to the line of officers, and the
next officer is presented.
CHARGE TO THE SIXTH OFFICER, OR ROTAL ARCH CAPTAIN.
" Companion : — The well known duties of your station
require but little elucidation. Your office, in the preparatory
degrees, corresponds with that of Junior Deacon} It is your
particular province, conjointly with the Captain of the Host,
to attend the examination of all visitors, and to take care that
none are permitted to enter the Chapter but sucb as have
1 In this page, as in a preceding page, it is "Senior" Deacon. This
is opposed to theory and practice, and we change it.
154 HIGH PRIESTHOOD.
traveled the rugged path of trial, and evinced
their title to our favor and friendship. You
will be attentive to obey the commands of
your chief, and always near at hand to exe-
" I give it to you strongly in charge, never
to suffer any one to pass your post without
the Signet of Truth. I present you the badge of your office,
in expectation of your performing your duties with intelli-
gence, assiduity and propriety."
XXV. He then retires, and the three Grand Masters of the
Vails are presented together.
CHARGE TO THE MASTER OF THE THIRD VAIL.
"Companion: — I present you with the
Scarlet Banner, which is the ensign of your
office, and with a sword to protect and defend
the same. The rich and beautiful color of
your banner is emblematical of fervency and
fidelity : it is the appropriate color of the
Royal Arch degree. It admonishes us that
we should be fervent in the exercise of our devotions to God,
and faithful in our endeavors to promote the happiness of
CHARGE TO THE MASTER OF THE SECOND VAIL.
" Companion : — I invest you with the Pur-
ple Banner, which is the ensign of your
office, and arm you with a sword, to enable
you to maintain its honor. The color of
your banner is produced by the combina-
tion of two distinct colors, namely, blue and
scarlet ;"the former of which is the character-
istic color of the symbolic or first three degrees of Masonry,
and the latter that of the Royal Arch Degree. It is an em-
blem of union, and is the characteristic color of the inter-
mediate degrees. It admonishes us to cultivate and improve
that spirit of union and harmony, between the brethren of
the symbolic degrees, and the companions of the sublime
degrees, which should ever distinguish the members of a
society founded upon the principles of everlasting kuth and
HIGH PRIESTHOOD. 155
CH4RGE TO THE MASTER OE THE FIRST VAIL.
"Companion: — I invest you with the Blue
Banner, which is the ensign of your office,
and a sword for its defense and protection.
The color of your banner is one of the most
durable and beautiful in nature. It is the
appropriate color adopted and worn by our
ancient brethren of the three symbolic degrees, and is the
peculiar characteristic of an institution which has stood the
test of ages, and which is as much distinguished by the dura-
bility of its materials or principles, as by the beauty of its
superstructure. It is an emblem of universal benevolence ;
and instructs us that in the mind of a Mason this virtue
should be as expansive as the blue arch of heaven itself."
CHARGE TO THE THREE MASTERS OE THE VAILS, AS OVERSEERS.
" Companions : — Those who are placed as overseers of any
work should be well qualified to judge of its beauties and
deformities, its excellencies and defects ; they should be
capable of estimating the former and amending the latter.
This consideration should induce you to cultivate and im-
prove all those qualifications with which you are already
endowed, as well as to persevere in your endeavors to acquire
those in which you may be in anywise deficient. Let the
various colors of the banners committed to your charge,
admonish you to the exercise of the several virtues of which
they are emblematic ; and you are to enjoin the practice of
those virtues upon all who shall present themselves, or the
work of their hands for your inspection. Let no work receive
your approbation but such as is calculated to adorn and
strengthen the Masonic edifice. Be industrious and faithful
in practicing and disseminating a knowledge of the true and
perfect work, which alone can stand the test of the Grand
Overseer's square, in the great day of trial and retribution.
Then, although every rod, should become a serpent, and every
serpent an enemy to this institution, yet shall their utmost
exertions to destroy its reputation, or sap its foundation,
become as impotent as the leprous hand, or as water spilled
upon the ground, which can not be gathered up again."
XXVI. They then retire, and the Secretary is presented.
156 HIGH PRIESTHOOD.
CHARGE TO THE SECRETARY.
"Companion : — I with pleasure invest you
with your badge as Secretary of this Chapter.
The qualities which should recommend a
Secretary are, promptitude in issuing notifi-
cations and orders of his superior officers ;
punctuality in attending the meetings of the
Chapter; correctness in recording their pro-
ceedings; judgment in discriminating between what is proper
and what is improper to be committed to writing; regularity
in making his annual returns to the Grand Chapter; integrity
in accounting for all moneys that may pass through his
hands; and fidelity in paying the same over into the hands
of the Treasurer. The possession of these good qualities, I
presume, has designated you a suitable candidate for this
important office; and I can not entertain a doubt that you
will discharge its duties beneficially to the Chapter, and
honorably to yourself. And when you shall have completed
the record of your transactions here below, and finished the
term of your probation, may you be admitted into the celes-
tial Grand Chapter of saints and angels, and find your name
recorded in the booh of life eternal" ^
XXVII. He then retires, and the Treasurer is presented.
CHARGE TO THE TREASURER.
" Companion : — You are elected Treasurer
of this Chapter, and I have the pleasure of
investing you with the badge of your office.
The qualities which should recommend a
Treasurer, are accuracy and fidelity ; accu-
racy in keeping a fair and minute account
of all receipts and disbursements ; fidelity in
carefully preserving all the property and funds, of the Chap-
ter, that may be placed in his hands, and rendering a just
account of the same, whenever he is called upon for that
purpose. I presume that your respect for the institution,
your attachment to the interests of your Chapter, and your
regard for a good name, which is better than precious oint-
ment, will prompt you to the faithful discharge of the duties
of your office.
XXVIII. He then retires, and the Stewards are presented.
HIGH PRIESTHOOD. 157
CHARGE TO THE STEWARDS.
"Companions: — You being elected Stew-
ards of this Chapter, I with pleasure invest
you with the badges of your office. It is
your province to see that every necessary
preparation is made for the convenience and
accommodation of the Chapter, previous to
the time appointed for meeting. You are to
see that the clothing, implements and furniture of each
degree, respectively, are properly disposed and in suitable
array for use, whenever they may be required, and that they
are secured, and proper care taken of them, when the busi-
ness of the Chapter is over. You are to see that necessary
refreshments are provided, and that all your companions, and
particularly visitors, are suitably accommodated and supplied.
You are to be frugal and prudent in your disbursements and
to be careful that no extravagance or waste is committed in
your department : and when you have faithfully fulfilled
your stewardship, here below, may you receive from heaven
the happy greeting of ' Well done, good and faithful ser-
XXIX. They then retire, and the Tyler is presented.
CHARGE TO THE TYLER.
" Companion : — You are appointed Tyler
of this Chapter, and I invest you with this
implement of your office, As the sword is
placed in the hands of the Tyler to enable
him effectually to guard against the approach
of cowans and eavesdroppers, and suffer none
to pass or repass but such as are duly quali-
fied ; so it should morally serve as a constant admonition to
us to set a guard at the entrance of our thoughts, to place
a watch at the door of our lips ; to post a sentinel at the
avenue of our actions; thereby excluding every unqualified
and unworthy thought, word, and deed ; and preserving con-
sciences void of offense toward God and toward man.
"As the first application from visitors for admission into
the Chapter is generally made to the Tyler at the door, your
station will often present you to the observation of stran-
gers; it is, therefore, essentially necessary that he who sus-
158 HIGH PRIESTHOOD.
tains the office with which you are intrusted, should De a
man of good morals, steady habits, strict discipline, temper-
ate, affable, and discreet. I trust that a just regard for the
honor and reputation of the institution will ever induce you
to perform, with fidelity, the trust reposed in you ; and
when the door of this earthly tabernacle shall be closed,
may you find an abundant entrance through the gates into
the temple and city of our God."
XXX. He will then retire, and then follows an
ADDRESS TO THE HIGH PRIEST.
" M. E. Companion: — Having been honored with the free
suffrages of the members of this Chapter, you are elected to
the most important office which is within their power to
bestow. This expression of their esteem and respect should
draw from you corresponding sensations ; and your demeanor
should be such as to repay the honor they have so conspicu-
ously conferred upon you, by an honorable and faithful dis-
charge of%the duties of your office.
" The station you are called to fill is important, not only as
it respects the correct practice of our rites and ceremonies,
and the internal economy of the Chapter over which you pre-
side; but the public reputation of the institution will be
generally found to rise or fall according to the skill, fidelity,
and discretion with which its concerns are managed, and in
proportion as the characters and conduct of its principal
officers are estimable or censurable.
" You have accepted a trust, to which is attached a weight
of responsibility that will require all your efforts to discharge,
honorably to yourself and satisfactorily to the Chapter. You
are to see that your officers are capable and faithful in the
exercises of their offices. Should they lack ability, you are
expected to supply their defects ; you are to watch carefully
the progress of their performances, and to see that the long-
established customs of the institution suffer no derangement
in their hands.
" You are to have a careful eye over the general conduct of
the Chapter; see that due order and subordination are ob-
served on all occasions ; that the members are properly
instructed ; that due solemnity be observed in the practice
of our rites; that no improper levity be permitted at any
HIGH PRIESTHOOD. * 159
time, but more especially at the introduction of strangers
among the workmen. In fine, you are to be an example to
your officers and members which they need not hesitate to
follow ; thus securing to yourself the favor of heaven and
the applause of your brethren and companions."
ADDRESS TO THE OFFICERS GENERALLY.
"Companions in Office: — Precept and example should
ever advance with an equal pace. Those moral duties which
you are required to teach unto others, you should never neglect
to practice yourselves.
" Do you desire that the demeanor of your equals and
inferiors toward you should be marked with deference and
respect? Be sure that you omit no opportunity of furnishing
them with examples in your own conduct toward your supe-
riors. Do you desire to obtain instruction from those who
are more wise or better informed than yourselves ? Be sure
that you are always ready to impart of your knowledge to
those within your sphere, who stand in need of and are
entitled to receive it. Do you desire distinction among your
companions? Be sure that your claims to preferment are
founded upon superior attainments; let no ambitious passion
be suffered to induce you to envy or supplant a companion
who may be considered as better qualified for promotion than
yourselves; but rather let a laudable emulation induce you
to strive to excel each other in improvement and discipline ;
ever remembering, that he who faithfully performs his duty,
even in a subordinate or private station, is as justly entitled
to esteem and respect, as he who is invested with supreme
ADDRESS TO THE CHAPTER AT LARGE
" Companions : — The exercise and management of the sub-
lime degrees of Masonry in your Chapter hitherto, are so
highly appreciated, and the good reputation of the Chapter so
well established, that I must presume these considerations
alone, were there no others of greater magnitude, would be
sufficient to induce you to preserve and perpetuate this valu-
able and honorable character. But when to this is added the
pleasure which every philanthropic heart must feel in doing
good, in promoting good order, in diffusing light, and knowl-
160 HIGH PRIESTHOOD.
edge, in cultivating Masonic and Christian charity, which are
the great objects of this sublime institution, I can not doubt
that your future conduct, and that of your successors, will be
calculated still to increase the luster of your justly esteemed
" May your Chapter become beautiful as the Temple, peace-
ful as the Ark, and sacred as its most holy place. May your
oblations of piety and praise be grateful as the Incense ; your
love warm, as its fame, and your charity diffusive as its fra-
grance. May your hearts be pure as the Altar, and your
conduct acceptable as the Offering.
"May the exercise of your Charity be as constant as the
returning wants of the distressed widow and the helpless
orphan. May the approbation of Heaven be your encourage-
ment, and the testimony of a good conscience your support;
may you be endowed with every good and perfect gift, while
traveling the thorny path of life, and finally admitted within
the vail of heaven, to the full enjoyment of life eternal/'
Amen. So mote it be.
XXXI. The officers and members of the Chapter will then
pass in review in front of the Grand officers, and pay them
the customary salutation as they pass.
XXXII. The Grand Marshal will then make proclamation
as follows, viz. : " In the name of the M. E. Grand High
Priest, I do proclaim this Chapter, by the name of , to
be regularly constituted, and its officers duly installed."
XXXIII. The officers of the Chapter will then take their
stations upon the left of the Grand officers respectively, and
the members will be seated until the Grand officers retire.
XXXIV. The ceremonies conclude with an Ode, or appro-
priate piece of music.
XXXV. When the Grand officers retire, the Chapter will
form an avenue for them to pass through, and salute them
with the Grand honor's. They will be attended as far as the
door of their apartment, by the committee who introduced
XXXVI. The two bodies then separately close their re-
THE ROYAL MASTER AND SELECT MASTER^
THE THIED ORDER IN MASONRY.
The Cryptic Degrees are conferred in a Body styled a
Council. The ballot is taken in the Second or Select Masters'
Degree; and the same rules of balloting are observed as in
the preceding degrees. All discipline exercised by the Lodge
or Chapter, such as suspension or expulsion, is indorsed by
the Council without question ; in addition to which, it has a
discipline of its own for offenses against its own regulations.
Not less than nine nor more than twenty-seven can open,
work, or close a Council. If a larger number than twenty-
seven is present, they take no part in the proceedings.
The whole system of Cryptic Masonry is confined to the
United States alone, and was borrowed, about the year 1815,
from the Ancient and Accepted Mite.
ROYAL MASTER'S DEGREE. 1
This degree can not, legally, be conferred on any but
Royal Arch Masons, who have taken all the preceding
degrees ; and it is preparatory to that of the Select Master.
Although it is short, yet it contains some valuable informa-
tion, and is intimately connected with the degree of Select
Master. It also enables us, with ease and facility, to examine
the privileges of others to this degree ; while, at the same
time, it proves ourselves.
The following passages of Scripture, etc., are considered to
be appropriate to this degree :
And Solomon made all the vessels that pertained unto the
house of the Lord : the altar of gold, and the table of gold,.
1 The Monitor containing nothing relative to the degrees of Royal and
161 ROYAL MASTER.
whereupon the show-bread was ; and the candlesticks of pure
gold ; five on the right side and five on the left, before the
oracle ; with the flowers, and the lamps, and the tongs of
gold; and the bowls, and the snuffers, and the basins, and
the spoons, and the censers, of pure gold ; and the hinges of
gold, both for the doors of the inner house, the most holy
place, and for the doors of the house, to wit, of the Temple.
So Hiram made an end of doing all the' work, that he had
made King Solomon, for the house of the Lord. — 1 Kings vii :
And behold I come quickly ; and my reward is with me,
to give every man according as his work shall be. I am
Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and
the last. Blessed are they that do his commandments, that
they may have a right to the tree of life, and may enter in
through the gates of the city. — Rev. xxii : 12-14.
And he set the cherubims within the inner house ; and they
stretched forth the wings of the cherubims, so that the wing
of the one touched the one wall, and the wing of the other
cherub touched the other wall ; and their wings touched one
another in the midst of the house. — 1 Kings vi : 27.
The Ark, called the glory of Israel, which was seated in the
middle of the holy place, under the wings of the cherubim,
was a small chest, or coffer, three feet nine inches long, two
feet three inches wide, and three feet three inches high. It
was made of wood, excepting only the mercy seat, but over-
laid with gold both inside and out. It had a ledge of gold
surrounding it at the top, into which the cover, called the
Mercy Seat, was let in. The mercy seat was of solid gold, the
thickness of a hand's breadth : at the two ends of it were two
cherubims, looking inward, toward each other, with their
wings expanded ; which embracing the whole circumference
of the mercy seat, they met on each side, in the middle ; all
of which, the Rabbins say, was made out of the same mass,
without any soldering of parts.
Here the Shekinah, or Divine Presence, rested, and was
visible in the appearance of a cloud over it. From hence the
Bathkoll issued, and gave answers when God was consulted.
And hence it is, that God is said, in the Scripture, to dwell
between the cherubim ; that is, between the cherubim on the
mercy seat, because there was the seat or throne of the visible
appearance of his glory among them.
SELECT MASTER'S DEGREE.
This degree is the summit and perfection of ancient
Masonry ; and without which the history of the Royal Arch
degree can not be complete. It rationally accounts for the
concealment, and preservation of those essentials of the Craft r
which were, brought to light at the erection of the second
Temple, and which lay concealed from the Masonic eye four
hundred and seventy years.
Many particulars relative to those few who, for their
superior skill, were selected to complete an important part
of King Solomon's Temple, are explained.
And here, too, is exemplified an instance of justice and
mercy, by our ancient patron, toward one of the Craft, who
was led to disobey his commands, by an over zealous attach-
ment for the institution. It ends with a description of a
particular circumstance, which characterizes the degree.
The following Psalm is read at opening:
His foundation is in the holy mountains. The Lord
loveth the gates of Zion more than all the dwellings of Jacob'.
Glorious things are spoken of thee, city of God. Selah.
I will make mention of Rahab and Babylon, to them that
know me. Behold Philistia, and Tyre, with Ethiopia ; this
man was born there. And of Zion it shall be said, This
and that man was born in her : and the Highest himself shall
establish her. The Lord shall count, when he writeth up
the people, that this man was born there. Selah. As well
the singers, as the players on instruments, shall be there;
all my springs are in thee. — Psalm lxxxvii,
166 SELECT MASTER.
The following passages of Scripture are introduced and
So King Solomon was king over all Israel. Azariah, the
son of Nathan, was over the officers; and Zabud, the son of
Nathan, was principal officer, and the king's friend; and
Ahishar was over the household; and Adoniram, the son of
Abda, was over the tribute. — 1 Kings, iv : 1, 5, 6.
And the king commanded, and they brought great stones,
costly stones, and hewed stones, to lay the foundation of the
house. And Solomon's builders and Hiram's builders did
hew them, and the stone-squarers ; so they prepared timber
and stones to build the house. — 1 Kings, v: 17, 18.
And King Solomon sent and fetched Hiram out of Tyre.
He was a widow's son, of the tribe of Naphtali; and his
father was a man of Tyre, a worker of brass; and he was
filled with wisdom and understanding, and cunning, to work
all works in brass. — 1 Kings, vii: 13, 14.
The ancients of Grebal, and the wise men thereof, were in
thee thy calkers; all the ships of the sea, with their mariners,
were in thee, to occupy tby merchandise. — Ezehiel, xxvii : 9.
And it came to pass, when Moses had made an end of
writing the words of this law in a book, until they were
finished, that Moses commanded the Levites, which bore the
ark of the covenant of the Lord, saying, Take this book of
the law, and put it in the side of the ark of the covenant
of the Lord your God, that it may be there for a witness
against thee. — Deuteronomy, xxxi : 24-26.
And Moses said unto Aaron, Take a pot, and put an omer
full of manna therein, and lay it up before the Lord, to be
kept for your generations. As the Lord commanded Moses,
so Aaron laid it up before the testimony to be kept. — Exodus,
xvi: 33, 34.
And the Lord said unto Moses, Bring Aaron's rod again
before the testimony, to be kept for a token. — Num., xvii: 10.
And when Moses was gone into the tabernacle of the con-
gregation, to speak with him, then he heard the voice of one
speaking unto him from off the mercy seat, that was upon the
ark of the testimony, from between the two cherubims: and
he spake unto him. — Numbers, vii : 89.
And look that thou make them after their pattern, which
was shown thee in the mount. — Exodus, xxv: 40.
CHARGE TO A SELECT MASTER.
Companion: — "Having attained to this degree, you have
passed the circle of perfection in Ancient Masonry. In the
capacity of Select Master, you must he sensible that your
obligations are increased in proportion to your privileges.'
Let it be your constant care to prove yourself worthy of the
confidence reposed in you, and of the high honor conferred
on you, in admitting you to this Select degree. Let upright-
ness and integrity attend your steps; let justice and mercy
mark your conduct; let fervency and zeal stimulate you in
the discharge of the various duties incumbent on you; but
suffer not an idle or impertinent curiosity to lead you astray,
or betray you into danger. Be deaf to every insinuation
which would have a tendency to weaken your resolution, or
tempt you to an act of disobedience. Be voluntarily dumb and
blind, when the exercise of those faculties would "endanger
the peace of your mind or the probity of your conduct; and
let silence and secrecy, those cardinal virtues of a Select Master,
on all necessary occasions, be scrupulously observed. By a
steady adherence to the important instructions contained in
this degree, you will merit the approbation of the select nam*
168 SELECT MASTER.
ber with whom you are associated, and will enjoy the high
satisfaction of having acted well your part in the important
enterprise in which you are engaged; and after having wrought
your regular hows, may you be admitted to participate in all
the privileges of a Select Master." 1
1 There is a ceremony of Constituting Councils of Royal and Select
M&sters and Installing officers, but as we can not use it without viola-
ting copyright we omit it.
THE KNIGHTS OF THE RED CROSS,
KNIGHTS TEMPLAR, AND KNIGHTS OF MALTA,
THE FOURTH ORDER IN MASONRY.
KNIGHTS OF THE RED CROSS.
OBSERVATIONS ON THE ORDERS OF KNIGHTHOOD.
As several Orders of Knighthood are conferred, both in
Europe and America, reputedly under the sanction of Ma-
sonic assemblies, it may be expected that some notice will
be taken of them in this work. It may be necessary to pre-
mise that the Orders of Knighthood compose no part of the
system of Freemasonry. They are, in comparison to it, so-
cieties of but yesterday, and all of them fall short of the
excellence, the harmony, universality, and utility of the
The design of this part of the work will be to collect to-
gether such observations from Scripture and history as are
deemed applicable to the several orders; and as in America,
they are only conferred as honorary degrees, it is possible
that this may be the means of producing a uniformity in
their application and use.
OP THE ORDER OF KNIGHTS OF THE RED CROSS.
The incidents upon which this Order is founded, occurred
in the reign of Darius, king of Persia. It is more imme-
diately connected with symbolic Masonry, than any other
Order of Knighthood. Their meetings are called Councils;
their sashes are decorated with a Sword and Trowel, and
trimmed with red and green.
The following passages of Scripture are considered by
Knights of this Order as applicable to their institution, and
are occasionally rehearsed in their Councils :
" Now in the second year of their coming into the house
of God at Jerusalem, in the second month, began Zerubba-
bel, the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua, the son of Jozadak,
and the remnant of their brethren, the priests and Levites,
172 KNIGHTS OP THE RED CROSS.
and all they that were come out of the captivity unto Jeru-
salem : and appointed the Levites, from twenty years old
and upward, to set forward the work of the house of the
Lord. Then stood Jeshua, with his sons and his brethren,
Kadmiel and his sons, the sons of Judah, together, to set
forward the workmen in the house of God ; the sons of He-
nadad, with their sons and their brethren the Levites. And
when the builders laid the foundation of the Temple of the
Lord, they set the priests in their apparel with trumpets,
and the Levites, the sons of Asaph, with cymbals, to praise
the Lord, after the ordinance of David, king of Israel. And
they sang together by course, in praising and giving thanks
unto the Lord; because he is good, for his mercy endureth
forever toward Israel. And all the people shouted with a
great shout when they praised the Lord, because the founda-
tion of the house of the Lord was laid. — Ezra iii : 8-11.
" Now when the adversaries of Judah and Benjamin heard
that the children of the captivity builded the Temple unto
the Lord God of Israel, then they came to Zerubbabel, and
to the chief of the fathers, and said unto them, Let us build
with you ; for we seek your God as ye do ; and we do sacri-
fice unto him, since the days of Esar-Haddon, king of Assur,
which brought 'us up hither. But Zerubbabel, and Jeshua,
and the rest of the chief of the fathers of Israel, said unto
them, Ye have nothing to do with us to build an house unto
our God ; but we ourselves together will build unto the Lord
God of Israel, as King Cyrus, the king of Persia, hath com-
manded us. Then the people of the land weakened the
hands of the people of Judah, and troubled them in build-
ing ; and hired counselors against them, to frustrate their
purpose, all the days of Cyrus, king of Persia, even until the
reign of Darius, king of Persia. And in the reign of Ahas-
uerus, in the beginning of his reign, wrote they unto him
an accusation against the inhabitants of Judah and Jeru-
salem. And in the days of Artaxerxes wrote Bishlam,
Mithredath, Tabeel, and the rest of their companions, unto
Artaxerxes, king of Persia ; and the writing of the letter
was written in the Syrian tongue, and interpreted in the
Syrian tongue ; Rehum, the chancellor, and Shimshai, the
scribe, wrote a letter against Jerusalem to Artaxerxes, the
king, in this sort : This is the copy of the letter that they
sent unto him, even unto Artaxerxes, the king: Thy serv-
KNIGHTS OF THE RED CROSS. 173
&a % the men on this side the river, and at such a time.
Lf it known unto the king, that the Jews, which came up
frir«n thee to us, are come unto Jerusalem, building the re-
be-«ious and the bad city, and have set up the walls thereof,
and joined the foundations. Be it known now unto the
king, that if this city be builded, and the walls set up again,
then will they not pay toll, tribute, and custom, and so thou
shalt endamage the revenue of the kings. Now, because we
have maintenance from the king's palace, and it was not
meet for us to see the king's dishonor ; therefore have we
sent and certified the king. That search may be made in
the book of the records of thy fathers: so shalt thou find in
the book of the records, and know, that this city is a rebel-
lious city, and hurtful unto kings and provinces, and that
they have moved sedition within the same of old time ; for
which cause was this city destroyed. We certify the king,
that if this city be builded again, and the walls thereof set
up, by this means thou shalt have no portion on this side
the river. Then sent the king an answer unto Rehum, the
chancellor, and to Shimshai, the scribe, and to the rest of
their companions that dwell in Samaria, and unto the rest
beyond the river, Peace, and at such a time. The letter
which ye sent unto us hath been plainly read before me.
And I commanded, and search hath been made, and it is
found, that this city of old time hath made insurrection
against kingF ; and that rebellion and sedition have been
made therein. There have been mighty kings also over
Jerusalem, which have ruled over all countries beyond the
river; and toll, tribute, and custom, was paid unto • them.
Give ye now commandment to cause these men to cease, and
that this city be not builded, until another commandment
shall be given from me. Take heed now that ye fail not to
do this : why should damage grow to the hurt of the kings ?
Now, when the copy of King Artaxerxes' letter was read
before Rehum, and Shimshai, the scribe, and their compan-
ions, they went up in haste to Jerusalem, unto the Jews, and
made them cease by force and power. Then ceased the work
of the house of God, which is at Jerusalem. So it ceased
unto the second year of the reign of Darius, king of Persia."
— Ezra iv.
Josephus informs us that Darius, while he was yet a pri-
vate man, made a vow to God, that if ever he came to the
174 KNIGHTS OF THE RED CROSS.
throne, lie would send all the holy vessels that were at Baby-
lon back again to Jerusalem ; and it happened about the time
of his accession, that Zerubbabel, who was a captain or prince
of the Jewish captives, came from Jerusalem, to Darius, as
well to solicit his protection against their adversaries on the
other side of the river, as to watch a suitable opportunity of
endeavoring to persuade the king to fulfill his promise. He
had long been known to Darius as a man of great judgment
and understanding, and was therefore taken into the king's
confidence, and put into a particular trust, with two other
great oflicers, as his constant attendants.
Darius, in the first year of his reign, gave a splendid and
magnificent entertainment to the princes and nobility, and
after they had retired, finding himself unable to sleep, he fell
into a discourse with his three favorite officers, to whom he
proposed certain questions, telling them, at the same time,
that he who should give him the most reasonable and satis-
factory answer, should be clothed in purple, drink in a golden
cup, wear a silken tiara, and a golden chain about his neck.
He then proposed this question : Which is greatest, the
strength of wine, of the king, of women, or of truth? To this
the first answered, wine is the strongest; the second, that the
Icing was strongest; and the third (who was Zerubbabel) that
women were stronger, but above all things truth beareth the
On the following day the king assembled together tho
princes and nobility to hear the question debated ; and hav-
ing placed himself upon the royal seat of judgment, he
called upon them to make a public defense of their several
opinions: whereupon the first began upon the strength of
wine, as follows :
" ye princes and rulers, how exceeding strong is wine!
it causeth all men to err that drink it: it maketh the mind
of the king and the beggar to be all one; of the bondman
and the freeman; of the poor man and of the rich; it turn-
eth, also, every thought into jollity and mirth, so that a
man remembereth neither sorrow nor debt; it changeth and
elevateth the spirits, and enliveneth the heavy hearts of the
miserable. It maketh a man forget his brethren, and draw
his sword against his best friends. ye princes and rulers,
is not wine the strongest, that forceth us to do these things ?"
KNIGHTS OF THE RED CROSS. 175
Then began the second, upon the power of kings, and
spoke as follows : " It is beyond dispute, princes and
rulers, that God has made man master of all things under
the sun ; to command them, to make use of them, and apply
them to his service as he pleases: but whereas men have only
dominion over other sublunary creatures, kings have an
authority even over men themselves, and a right of ruling
them by will and pleasure. Now, he that is master of those
who are masters of all things else, Hath no earthly thing
Then began Zerubbabel upon the power of women and of
truth, and spoke as follows: " O princes and rulers, the force
of wine is not to be denied; neither is that of kings, that
unites so many men in one common bond of allegiance; but
the supereminency of women is yet above all this; for kings
are but the gifts of women, and they are, also, the mothers of
those that cultivate our vineyards. Women have the power
to make us abandon our very country and relations, and many
times to forget the best friends we have in the world, and for-
saking all other comforts, to live and die with them. But
when all is said, neither they, nor wine, nor kings, are com-
parable to the almighty force of truth. As for all other
things, they are mortal and transient, but truth alone is un-
changealbe and everlasting; the benefits we receive from it
are subject to no variations Or vicissitudes of time and for-
tune. In her judgment is no unrighteousness, and she is the
strength, wisdom, power, and majesty of all ages. Blessed
be the God of truth. "
When Zerubbabel had finished speaking, the princes and
rulers cried out : "Great is truth, and mighty above all things."
Then, said the king to Zerubbabel, u Ask what thou wilt,
and I will give it thee, because thou art found wisest among
Then said he to Darius, "0 king, remember thy vow, which
thou hast vowed, to build Jerusalem in the day when thou
shouldest come to thy kingdom, and to restore the holy ves-
sels which were taken away out of Jerusalem. Thou hast
also vowed to build up the temple, which was burned when
Judah was made desolate by the Chaldees. And now, O
king, this is that I desire of thee, that thou make good the
vow, the performance whereof with thine own mouth thou
last vowed to the king of Heaven. "
176 KNIGHTS OP THE RED CROSS.
Then Darius, the king, stood up and embraced him, and
gave him passports and letters to his governors and officers;
that they should safely convey both him and those who should
go with him to Jerusalem; and that they should not be de-
layed or hindered from building the city and the temple, until
they should be finished. He also restored all the holy ves-
sels remaining in his possession, that had been taken from
Jerusalem, when the children of Israel were carried away
captive to Babylon, Snd reserved by Cyrus.
" But it came to pass, that when Sanballat, and Tobiah, and
the Arabians, and the Ammonites, and the Ashdodites, heard
that the walls of Jerusalem were made up, and that the
breaches began to be stopped, then they were very wroth, and
conspired all of them together to come and to fight against
Jerusalem, and to hinder it. Nevertheless we made our
prayer unto our God, and set a watch against them day and
niglit because of them. And Judah said, The strength of the
bearers of burdens is decayed, and there is much rubbish; so
that we are not able to build the wall. And our adversaries
said, They shall not know, neither see, till we come in the
midst among them, and slay them, and cause the work to
cease. And it came to pass, that when the Jews which dwelt
by thern came, they said unto us ten times, From all places
whence ye shall return unto us they will be upon you.
" Therefore set I in the lower places behind the wall, and
on the higher places, I even set the people after their families,
with their swords, their spears, and their bows. And I looked,
and rose up, and said unto the nobles, and to the rulers, and to
the rest of the people, Be not ye afraid of them, remember the
Lord, which is great and terrible, and fight for your brethren,
your sons, and your daughters, your wives, and your houses.
And it came to pass, when our enemies heard that it was
known unto us, and God had brought their counsel to naught,
that we returned all of us to the wall, every one unto his
work. And it came to pass from that time forth, that the
half of my servants wrought in the work, and the other half
of them held both the spears, the shields, and the bows, and
the habergeons; and the rulers were behind all the house of
Judah. They which builded on the wall, and they that bare
burdens, with those that laded, every one with one of his
hands wrought in the work, and with the other hand held a
weapon. For the builders, every one had his sword girded by
KNIGHTS OF THE RED CROSS. 177
his side, and so builded. And he that sounded the trumpet
was by me.
" And I said unto the nobles, and to the rulers, and to the
rest of the people, The work is great and large, and we are
separated upon the wall, one far from another. In what place
therefore ye hear the sound of the trumpet, resort ye thither
unto us: our God shall fight for us."
" Then the prophets, Haggai the prophet and Zeehariah
the son of Iddo, prophesied unto the Jews that were in Judah
and Jerusalem, in the name of the God of Israel, even unto
them. Then rose up Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel, and
Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and began to build the house of
God which is at Jerusalem: and with them were the prophets
of God helping them. At the same time came to them Tat-
nai, governor on this side the river, and Shethar-boznai, and
their companions, and said thus unto them : Who hath com-
manded you to* build this house, and to make up this wall ?
Then said we unto them, after this manner: What are the
names of the men that make this building? But the eye
of their God was upon the elders of the Jews, that they
could not cause them to cease, till the matter came to Darius;
and then they returned answer by letter concerning this matter.
The copy of the letter that Tatnai, governor on this side the
river, and Shethar-boznai, and his companions, the Aphar-
sachites, which were on this side the river, sent unto Darius
the king: They r sent a letter unto him, wherein was written:
Unto Darius, the king, all peace. Be it known unto the king,
that we went into the province of Judea, to the house of the
great God, which is builded with great stones, and timber is
laid in the walls, and this work goeth fast on, and prospereth
in their hands. Then asked we those elders, and said unto
them thus: Who commanded you to build this house, and to
make up these walls? We asked their names also, to certify
thee, that we might write the names of the men that were the
chief of them. And thus they returned us answer, saying,
We are the servants of the God of heaven and earth, and
build the house that was builded these many years ago, which
a great king of Israel builded and set up. But after that our
fathers had provoked the God of heaven unto wrath, he gave
them into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon,
the Chaldean, who destroyed this house, and carried the
people away into Babylon. But in the first year of Cyrus the
178 KNIGHTS OF THE RED CROSS. a
king of Babylon, the same king Cyrus made a decree to b«:. ;i d
this house of God. And the vessels also of gold and silver
of the house of God, which Nebuchadnezzar took out of the
temple that was in Jerusalem, and brought them intc the
temple of Babylon, those did Cyrus the king take out of the
temple at Babylon, and they were delivered unto one "-vhose
name was Sheshbazzar, whom he made governor; and said
unto him, Take these vessels, go, carry them into the temple
that is in Jerusalem, and let the house of God be builded in
his place. Then came the same Sheshbazzar, and laid the
foundation of the house of God which is in Jerusalem; and
since thai time even until now hath it been in building, and
yet it is not finished. Now, therefore, if it seem good to the
king, let there be search made in the king's treasure-house,
which is there at Babylon, whether it be so, that a decree was
made of Cyrus the king to build this house of God at Jeru-
salem, and let che king send his pleasure to us concerning
this matter." — Ezra y.
"Then Darius the king made a decree, and search was made
in the house of the rolls, where the treasures were laid up in
Babylon. And there was found at Achmetha, in the palace
that is in the province of the Medes, a roll, and therein was
a record thus written : In the first year of Cyrus the king,
the same Cyrus the king made a decree concerning the house
of God at Jerusalem, Let the house be builded, the place
where they offered sacrifice, and let the foundations thereof
be strongly laid ; the hight thereof threescore cubits; and
the breadth thereof threescore cubits ; with three rows of
great stones, and a row of new timber : and let the expenses
be given out of the king's house. And also let the golden
and silver vessels of the house of God, which Nebuchadnezzar
took forth out of the temple which is at Jerusalem and
brought unto Babylon, be restored, and brought again unto
the temple which is at Jerusalem, every one to his place and
place them in the house of God. Now, therefore, Tatnai,
governor beyond the river, Shethar-boznai, and your com-
panions the Apharsachites, which are beyond the river, be ye
far from thence ; let the work of this house of God alone, let
the governor of the Jews, and the elders of the Jews, build
this house of God in his place. Moreover, I make a decree
what ye shall do to the elders of these Jews, for the building
of this house of God; that of the king's goods, even of the
KNIGHTS OF THE RED CEOSS. 179
tribute beyond tbe river, forthwith expenses be given unto
these men that they be not hindered. And that which they
have need of, both young bullocks, and rams, and lambs, for
the burnt-offerings of the God of heaven ; wheat, salt, wine,
and oil, according to the appointment of the priests which are
at Jerusalem, let it be given them day by day without fail ;
that they may offer sacrifices of sweet savors unto the God of
heaven, and pray for the life of the king and of his sons.
Also I have made a decree, that whosoever shall alter this
word, let the timber be pulled down from his house, and, being
set up, let him be hanged thereon ; and let his house be made
a dunghill for this. And the God that hath caused his
name to dwell there, destroy all kings and people that shall
put to their hand to alter and to destroy this house of God
which is at Jerusalem. I Darius have made a decree; let
it be done with speed. Then Tatnai, governor on this side
the river, Shethar-boznai, and their companions, according to
that which Darius the king had sent, so they did speedily.
And the -elders of the Jews builded, and they prospered
through the prophesying of Haggai the prophet, and Zecha-
riah the son of Iddo ; and they builded, and finished it, accord-
ing to the commandment of the God of Israel, and according
to the commandment of Cyrus, and Darius, and Artaxerxes,
king of Persia. And this house was finished on the third day
of the month Adar, which was in the sixth year of the reign
of Darius the king/' and in the year of the world 3489. — ■
OBSERVATIONS ON THE ORDERS OF KNIGHTS TEMPLAR, AND
KNIGHTS OF MALTA.
According to the Abbe de Vertot, the Order of Knights of
Malta, who were originally called Hospitalers of St. John of
Jerusalem, took its rise about the year 1099; from which
time to the year 1118, their whole employment was works of
charity, and taking care of the sick.
Some time after the establishment of this Order„.riine gen-
tlemen, of whose names two only remain on record, viz.:
Hugho de Paganinis and Godfrey Adelman formed a society
tp guard and protect the Christian pilgrims who traveled from
abroad to visit the holy Sepulcher.
These men were encouraged by the Abbot of Jerusalem,
who assigned them and their companions a place of retreat in
a Christian church, called the Church of the Holy Temple,
from which they were called Templars, and not from the
temple of Jerusalem, that having been destroyed by Titus
Vespasian, 982 years before the society of Templars was
The society increased rapidly, and was much respected ;
but had neither habit, order, or mark of distinction, for the
space of nine years, when Pope Honorius II, at the request of
Stephen, Patriarch of Jerusalem, laid down a rule and manner
of life for them; and ordained that they should be clothed
in white ; to which garment Pope Eugenius III, added a red
cross, to be worn on the breast, which they promised by a
solemn oath to obseive forever.
Incited by the example of the Knights Templar, about the
year, 1118, the Hospitalers also took up the profession of
arms, in addition to their original charitable profession ;
occupying themselves at one time in attending upon the sick,
and at others in acts of hostility against the Turks and Sara-
cens. At this time they took the name of Knights Hospitalers.
Both Orders flourished and increased daily ; but that of the
Templars, though the younger of the two, having from its
original establishment been wholly employed in the profes-
sion of arms, was by many esteemed -to be tne most honorable;
and therefore many noblemen, princes, and persons of the
highest distinction, who thought the service of tending the
sick too servile an employment, entered themselves among
the Knights Templar in preference to the other Order.
Both Orders, for years, generally took the field together,
and, as well by themselves as in conjunction with the troops
of the Crusades, won many battles, and performed prodigies
of valor. The emulation, however, which subsisted between
them often occasioned warm disputes, which rose to such a
hight as produced frequent skirmishes between detached par-
ties of the two Orders. This occasioned the Pope and the
respective Grand Masters to interfere, who in a great measure
suppressed these quarrels ; but the Knights of the different
Orders, ever afterward, continued to view each other with
Some time after these difficulties were thus partially sup-
pressed, the Turks assembled a great force and drove the
whole of the Christians out of Palestine. The last fortress
they had possession of was that of St. John d'Acre. This
was long and bravely defended by the Knights Templar
against their besiegers. The Turks, however, at last forced
three hundred Knights, being all that remained of the garri-
son, to take refuge in a strong tower, to which also the women
fled for safety. The Turks hereupon set about undermining
it, which they in a short time so effectually accomplished, that
the Knights saw, in case they held out any longer, they must
inevitably perish. They therefore capitulated, stipulating,
among other things, that the honor of their women should
not be violated. Upon this, the tower being opened, the
Turks marched in ; but, in total breach of the terms of capitu-
lation, they immediately began to offer violence to the women.
The enraged Knights instantly drew their swords hewed in
pieces all the Turks who had entered, shut the gates against
those who remained without, and resigned themselves to inevi-
table death, which they soon met with, by the tower being
undermined and thrown down upon their heads.
182 KNIGHTS TEMPLAR.
After this defeat, the two Orders found an asylum in the
island of Cyprus; from whence, after some time, the Knights
Templar, finding their number so diminished as to leave no
hopes of effecting anything toward the recovery of the holy
land, without new Crusades (which the Christian princes did
not seem inclined" to set on foot), returned to their different
commanders in the various parts of Christendom.
From this time the Orders separated ; the Knights Hospi-
talers remained awhile at Cyprus, from whence they after-
ward went to Rhodes, and thence to Malta ; which name they
then assumed. The Knights Templar dispersed themselves
throughout all Europe, but still enjoyed princely revenues,
and were extremely wealthy.
Vertot says, that Pope Boniface VIII, having engaged in a
warm dispute with Philip, king of France, the two Orders, as
had too frequently happened before, took opposite sides. The
Knights of Malta declared in favor of King Philip, while the
Knights Templar espoused the cause of the Pope. This con-
duct, Philip, partly from a revengeful disposition, and partly
from the hope of getting possession of the vast wealth of the
Knights, never could forgive ; but formed, thenceforward, the
design of suppressing the Order, whenever a proper opportu-
nity should offer. This, however, did not occur, until after
the decease of Pope Boniface.
Immediately on the death of that pontiff, the Cardinals
assembled to elect his successor ; but party disputes ran so
high in the conclave, that there seemed no probability of
again filling the papal chair very speedily. At length,
through the intrigues and machinations of the friends of
Philip, the Cardinals were all brought to consent to the
election of any priest that he should recommend to them.
This was the darling object the monarch had in view; this
being accomplished, he immediately sent for the Archbishop of
Bordeaux, whose ambition he knew had no bounds, and who
would hesitate at nothing to gratify it; and communicated to
him the power he had received of nominating a person to the
papal chair, and promising he should be the person, on his
engaging to perform six conditions. The Archbishop greed-
ily snatched at the bait, and immediately took an oath on the
sacrament to the faithful performance of the conditions.
Philip then laid open to him five of the conditions, but
reserved the sixth until after the Archbishop's coronation as
KNIGHTS TEMPLAR. 183
Pope ; which sooi took place in consequence of the recom-
mendation of the king to the conclave ; and the new Pope
took upon himself the name of Clement V.
Vertot goes on to say, that a Templar and a citizen of
Beziers, having been apprehended for some crime, and com-
mitted together to a dungeon, for want of a priest, confessed
to each other ; that the citizen, having heard the Templar's
confession, in order to save his own life, accused the Order to
King Philip ; charging them, on the authority of what his
fellow-prisoner had told him, with idolatry, sodomy, robbery,
and murder; adding that the Knights Templar being secretly
Mohammedans, each Knight, on his admission in the Order,
was obliged to renounce Jesus Christ, and to spit on the cross,
in token of his abhorrence of it. Philip, on hearing these
accusations, pardoned the citizen, and disclosed to the Pope
his sixth condition, which was the suppression of the Order
of Knights Templar.
Not only every Knight Templar must know to a certainty
the absolute falsehood of these charges, but every unpreju-
diced reader of Vertot's history must also perceive that the
whole of their accusation was the product of Philip's own
brain, in order to accomplish his long-wished for object of
suppressing the Order, and getting possession of their vast
riches in his dominions. It is, therefore, evident that the
story of the Templar's confession was all a forgery, and that
the citizen was no other than a tool of Philip, who, to insure
his own pardon, was prevailed on to make oath of such a
confession having been made to him by the Templar.
The historian proceeds to say, that in consequence of this
accusation, the Knights Templar in France, and other parts
of the Pope's dominions, were imprisoned by his order, and
put to the most exquisite tortures, to make them confess them-
selves guilty. They, however, bore these tortures with the
most heroic fortitude, persisting to the last in asserting their
own innocence, and that of their Order.
In addition to these proceedings, Pope Clement, in the year
1312, issued his bull for the annihilation of the Order of
Knights Templar, which he caused to be published through-
out every country in Christendom. He, at the same time, gave
their possessions to the Knights of Malta, which appropria-
tion of the Templar's estates was assented to by most of the
sovereigns in Europe; and there is now extant among tho
184 KNIGHTS TEMPLAR.
English statutes, an act of parliament, whereby, after setting
forth that the Order of Templars has been suppressed, theii
possessions in England are confirmed to the Knights of St.
Vertot, however, further says, that in Germany, the histo-
rians of that nation relate, that Pope Clement having sent his
bull for abolishing the Order, to the Archbishop of Metey,
for him to enforce, that prelate summoned all his clergy
together, that the publication might be made with greater
solemnity; and that they were suddenly surprised by the
entry of WallgrufTor, Count Sauvage, one of the principals of
the Order, attended by twenty other Templars, armed, and in
their regular habits.
The Count declared he was not come to do violence to any-
body, but having heard of the bull against his Order, came
to insist that the appeal which they made from that decree
to the next council, and the successor of Clement, should be
received, read, and published. This he pressed so warmly,
that the Archbishop, not thinking it proper to refuse men
whom he saw armed, complied. He sent the appeal afterward
to the Pope, who ordered him to have it examined in a council
of his province. Accordingly, a synod was called, and after
a lengthy trial, and various formalities which were theu
observed, the Templars of that province were declared inno-
cent of the crimes charged upon them.
Although the Templars were thus declared innocent, it does
not appear that either their possessions or their government,
as a distinct order, was restored ; but that their estates in the
German Empire were divided between the Knights of Malta
and the Teutonic Knights; to the first of which Orders, many
Knights Templar afterward joined themselves. This appears
altogether probable from the following circumstances, viz.: It
is unquestionable, that the habit of the Knights Templar
was originally white; but we now observe they distinguish
themselves by the same color as the Knights of Malta, viz. :
black; which change can not be accounted for in any other
way than by a union with the Knights of that Order.
The throne is situated in the east ; above is suspended the
arms of the'Grand Patron, between a banner of the emblems
of the Order, and another of the arms of the Grand Master.
KNIGHTS TEMPLAR. 185
On the right of the throne the Deputy Grand Master and
Past Grand Master; or in Subordinate Encampments, the
Past Grand Commander.
On the left the Grand Prelate and Grand Chancellor.
The Grand Treasurer on the right, and the Grand Register
on the left in front.
The Knights, who are entitled to seats above the standards,
are so arranged as that there shall be an equal number on
each side the throne.
Over the stall of each is a banner of arms or emblems.
Next on each side is a standard-bearer, with a banner of
sky-blue silk, on which is a cross of Malta in silver, with
the motto, The will of God.
Next below the standards two experts, one bearing a spear
and a shield, and the other a battle-ax. Next to them the
sword-bearer and cross-bearer ; then the Knights not in office,
concluding with the two Stewards, each with his staff.
In the south-west the Senior Warden ; in the north-west
the Junior Warden.
In the west, between the Wardens, a stall for the Initiate,
supported by the Master of Ceremonies and a herald.
White, with a black .border : or black, with a white border.
The flap, black, and a skull and cross bones embroidered in
A full suit of black, with a rapier and military hat ; a
broad black on the right shoulder; across the body to
the left side, ornamented with a silver star opposite to the
left breast, having seve s n points.
The Grand Master or Commander, a star of nine points ; in
the center of the star, a cross and serpent of gold, surrounded
by a circle, on which is engraved, or enameled, In Hoc Signo
The following passages of Scripture are occasionally re-
hearsed in encampments of Knights Templar :
" Jamesj a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to
the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad, greeting. My
186 KNTGHTS TEMPLAR,
Brethen, count it all joy when you fall into divers tempta-
tions ; knowing this, that the trying of your faith worketh
patience. But let patience have her perfect work, that ye
may be perfect and entire, wanting nothing. If any of you
lick wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all men liber-
ally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him. But
iet him ask in faith, nothing wavering; for he that wavereth
is like a wave of the sea, driven with the wind, and tossed.
For let not that man think that he shall receive anything of
the Lord. A double-minded man is unstable in all his ways.
Let the brother of low degree rejoice in that he is exalted.
If any man among you seem to be religious, and bridleth not
his tongue, but deceiveth his own heart, that man's religion is
vain. Pure religion, and undefiled before God and the
Father, is this : To visit the fatherless and widows in their
affliction, and to keep himself unspotted from the world."
1. Let the brother of low degree rejoice in that he is
2. Come unto me, all ye that labor, and are heavy laden,
and I will give you rest.
3. Christ suffered for us, leaving us an example that we
should follow his steps.
4. For we were as sheep going astray, but now are we
returned to the shepherd and bishop of our souls.
5. If our brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily
food, and one of you say, Depart in peace, be ye warmed and
filled, and ye give them not of those things which are needful
for the body, what doth it profit?
6. To do good and to communicate forget not, for with
such sacrifices God is well pleased.
7. May he who is able send you forth into the world
thoroughly furnished for every good work, keep you from
falling into vice and error, improve, strengthen, establish and
Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went unto
the chief priests, and said unto them, What will ye give me,
and I will deliver him unto you ? And they covenanted with
him for thirty pieces of silver. And from that time he sought
opportunity to betray him. Now, the first day of the feast of
KNIGHTS TEMPLAR. 187
unleavened bread, the disciples came to Jesus, saying unto
him, Where wilt thou that we prepare for thee to eat the
passover? And he said, GrO into the city to such a man, and
say unto him, The master saith, My time is at hand ; I will
keep the passover at thy house with my disciples. And the
disciples did as Jesus had appointed them. And they made
ready the passover. Now when the even was come, he sat
down with the twelve. And as they did eat, he said, Verily I
say unto you, that one of you shall betray me. And they
were exceeding sorrowful, and began every one of them to say
unto him, Lord, is it I ? And he answered and said, He that
dippeth his hand with me in the dish, the same shall betray
me. The son of man goeth, as it is written of him; but woe
unto that man by whom the son of man is betrayed ! It had
been good for that man if he had not been born. Then
Judas, which betrayed him, answered and said, Master, is it
I? He said unto him, Thou hast said. — Matt, xxvi : 14-25.
Then cometh Jesus with them unto a place called Glethse-
mane, and saith unto the disciples, Sit ye here, while I go and
pray yonder. And he took with him Peter and the two sons
of Zebedee, and began to be sorrowful and very heavy. Then
saith he unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto
death : tarry ye here, and watch with me. And he went a
little further, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, my
father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me ; neverthe-
less, not as I will, but as thou wilt. And he cometh unto the
disciples, and findeth them asleep, and saith unto Peter,
What ! could ye not watch with me one hour ? Watch and
pray, that ye enter not into temptation : the spirit indeed is
willing, but the flesh is weak. He went away again the
second time, and prayed, saying, my Father, if this cup
may not pass away from me, except I drink it, thy will be
done. And he came and found them asleep again ; for their
eyes were heavy. And he left them, and went away again,
and prayed the third time, saying the same words. Then
cometh he to his disciples, and saith unto them, Sleep on
now, and take your rest: behold the hour is at hand, and the
son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. Rise, let
us be going : behold, he is at hand that doth betray me.
And while he yet spake, lo, Judas, one of the twelve, came,
anol with him a great multitude, with swords and staves, from
the chief priests and elders of the people. Now he that
188 KNIGHTS TEMPLAR.
betrayed him gave them a sign, saying, Whomsoever I shall
kiss, that same is he : hold him fast. And forthwith he came
to Jesus, and said, Hail Master; and kissed him. — Matt.
When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that
rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his
hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the
blood of this just person ; see ye to it. Then answered all
the people and said, His blood be upon us, and our children.
Then released he Barabbas unto them : and when he had
scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified. Then the
soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common hall, and
gathered unto him the whole band of soldiers. And they
stripped him, and put on him a scarlet robe. And when they
had platted a crown of thorns they put it upon his head, and
a reed in his right hand ; and they bowed the knee before
him, and mocked him, saying, Hail, king of the Jews ! And
they spit upon him, and took the reed and smote him on the
head. And after that they had mocked him, they took the
robe off from him, and put his own raiment on him, and led
him away to crucify him. And as they came out they found
a man of Cyrene, Simon by name : him they compelled to
bear his cross. # And when they were come unto a place called
Golgotha, that is to say, A place of a skull, they gave him
vinegar to drink, mingled with gall ; and when he had tasted
thereof he would not drink. And they crucified him, and
parted his garments, casting lots : that it might be fulfilled
which was spoken by the prophet, They parted my garments
among them, and upon my vesture did they cast lots. And,
sitting down, they watched him there; and set up over his
head his accusation, written, THIS IS JESUS, THE KING
OF THE JEWS.— Matt, xxvii: 24-38.
OLD HUNDRED L.
■* — &-
1. The ris - ing God forsakes the tomb ! Up
j — j-
fc: "3 — jr
to his Fa - ther's court he flies ; Cher • a bic le • gions
guard him home, And shout him wel - come to the skies.
2. Break off your tears, ye saints, and tell
How high our great deliv'rer reigns ;
Sing how he spoil'd the hosts of hell,
And led the monster, Death, in chains.
3. Say, " live for ever glorious King,
Born to redeem, and strong to save,"
Then ask — " Death ! where is thy sting V*
"And Where's thy victory ?" boasting grave.
190 KNIGHTS TEMPLAR,
And in those days Peter stood up in the midst of the dis-
ciples, and said, (the number of the names together were
about an hundred and twenty,) Men and brethren, this Scrip-
ture must needs have been fulfilled, which the Holy Ghost by
the mouth of David, spake before concerning Judas, which
was guide to them that took Jesus. For he was numbered
with us, and had obtained part of this ministry. Now this
man purchased a field with the reward of iniquity; and falling
headlong he burst asunder in the midst, and all his bowels
gushed out. And it was known unto all the dwellers at Jeru-
salem ; insomuch as that field is called, in their proper tongue,
Aceldama, that is to say, The field of blood. For it is writ-
ten in the book of Psalms, Let his habitation be desolate,
and let no man dwell therein : and his bishopric let another
take. Wherefore, of these men which have companied with
us all the time, that the Lord Jesus went in and out among
us, beginning from the baptism of John, unto that same day
that he was taken up from us, must one be ordained to be
a witness with us of his resurrection. And they appointed
two, Joseph, called Barsabas, who was surnamed Justus, and
Matthias. And they prayed, and said, Thou, Lord, which
knowest the hearts of all men, show whether of these two
thou hast chosen, that he may take part of this ministry and
apostleship, from which Judas by transgression fell, that he
might go to his own place. And they gave forth their lots;
and the lot fell upon Matthias; and he was numbered with
the eleven apostles. — Acts i: 15-26.
Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord, and in the
power of his might. Put on the whole armor of God, that ye
may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. For we
wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities
and powers, against the rulers of the darkness of the world,
against spiritual wickedness in high places. Wherefore, take
unto you the whole armor of God, that ye may be able to with-
stand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand. Stand,
therefore, having your loins girt about with truth; And
having on the breastplate of righteousness; And your feet
shod with the preparation of the Gospel of peace ; Above
all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith you shall be able to
quench the fiery darts of the wicked ; And take the helmet
of Salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word
of God.— Ej>h. vi. 10-17.
KNIGHTS OF MALTA.
KNIGHTS OF MALTA
The following passages of Scripture are occasionally re-
hearsed in encampments of Knights of Malta.
And when they were escaped, then they knew that the
island was called Melita, And the barbarous people showed
us no little kindness; for they kindled a fire, and received us
every one, because of the present rain, and because of the
cold. And when Paul had gathered a bundle of sticks, and
laid them on the fire, there came a viper out of the heat, and
fastened on his hand. And when the barbarians. saw the
venomous beast hang on his hand, they said among them-
selves, No doubt this man is a murderer, whom, though he
hath escaped the sea, yet vengeance suffereth not to live.
And he shook off the beast into the fire, and felt no harm.
Howbeit they looked when he should have swollen, or fallen
down dead suddenly; but after they had looked a great while,
and saw no harm come to him, they changed their minds,
and said that he was a god. — Acts xxviii: 1-6.
And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And
the writing was, JESUS OP NAZARETH, THE KIN£
OF THE JEWS.— St. John xix: 19.
But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not
with them when Jesus came. The other disciples, therefore,
said unto him, We have seen the Lord. But he said unto
them, Except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails,
and put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my
hand into his side, I will not believe. And after eight days,
again his disciples were within, and Thomas with them. Then
came Jesus, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and
19*2 KNIGHTS OF MALTA.
said, Peace be unto you. Then said he to Thomas, "Reach
hither thy finger, and behold my hands ; and reach hither
thy hand, and thrust it into my side; and be not faithless,
but believing. And Thomas answered and said unto him,
My Lord and my God. — John xx : 24-28.
CHARGE TO A NEWLY CREATED SIR KNIGHT TEMPLAR AND
KNIGHT OE MALTA. 1
Sir Knight: — Having passed through the several degrees
and honorary distinctions of our ancient and honorable insti-
tution — in your admission to the tesselated Masonic ground
floor — your ascent into the middle chamber — your entrance
to the unlinished sanctum sanctorum — your regularly passing
the several gates of the temple — induction to the oriental
chair, witnessing the completion and dedication of that superb
model of excellence,- the Temple, which has immortalized the
names of our ancient Grand Masters, and the justly celebrated
craftsmen : — Having wrought in the ruins of the first Temple,
and from its sacred Royal Arch brought to light incalculable
treasures and advantages to the Craft — Having duly studied
into the way and manner of their concealment; also having
been engaged in the hazardous enterprise of traversing an
enemy's dominions, and there convincing a foreign prince
that truth is great and will prevail — therefore you are now
admitted to a participation of those labors which are to effect
the erection of a Temple more glorious than the first, even
that beauteous Temple of Holiness and Innocence, whose pillars
are Charity, Mercy and Justice, the foundation of which is in
the breast of every one, who has tasted that the Lord is gra-
cious ; to whom coming as unto a living stone, disallowed
indeed of men, but chosen of God and precious, even that
hope which is an anchor to the soul both sure and steadfast,
that demonstrates the existence of the soul, and animates us
with the certainty of a glorious immortality.
And now, Sir Knight, we bid you welcome to all those
rights and privileges, even to that disinterested friendship,
and unbounded hospitality which ever has, and we hope and
trust ever will continue to adorn, distinguish, and characterize
this noble Order.
1 This charge is from a later author ; there was none in the Monitor.
It is taken from Cross.
KNIGHTS OP MALTA. 193
It will henceforth become your duty as well as inclination,
to assist, protect, and befriend, the weary way-worn traveler,
who finds the hights of fortune inaccessible, and the thorny
paths of life broken, adverse, and forlorn; to succor, defend,
and protect innocence, the distressed, and helpless, ever stand-
ing forth as a champion to espouse the cause of the Christian
You are to inculcate, enforce, and practice virtue; and
amid all the temptations which surround you, never to be
drawn aside from the path of duty, or forgetful of those due
guards and passwords which are necessary to be had in per-
petual remembrance; and while one hand is wielding the sure
defense for your Companion in danger, let the other grasp
the mystic Trowel, and widely diffuse the genuine cement of
Brotherly Love and Friendship.
Should calumny assail the character of a Brother Sir Knight,
recollect that you are to step forth and vindicate his good
name, and assist him on all necessary occasions. Should
assailants ever attempt your honor, interest, or happiness,
remember, also, at the same time, you have the counsel and
support of your Brethren, whose mystic swords, combining the
virtues of Faith, Hope, and Charity, with Justice, Fortitude
and Mercy, will leap from their scabbards in defense of your
just rights, and insure you a glorious triumph over all your
On this occasion permit me, Sir Knight, to remind you of
our mutual engagements, our reciprocal ties; for whatever
may be your situation or rank in life, on close examination,
you will find those in similar stations, who have dignified
themselves and been useful to mankind. Whether, therefore,
you are placed upon the highest pinnacle of worldly grandeur,
and distinctly seen to glitter from afar; or glide more securely
in the humble vale of obscurity, unnoticed save by a few; it
matters not, for a few rolling suns will close the scene,
when naught but holiness will serve as a sure password to
gain admission into that Rest prepared from the foundation
of the world. You are therefore called upon to discharge all
your duties with fidelity and patience, whether in the field, in
the Senate, on the Bench, at the Bar, or at the Holy Altar.
If you see a Brother bending under the cross of adversity
and disappointment, look not idly on, neither pass by on the
other side, but fly to his relief. If he be deceived, tell him
194 KNIGHTS OF MALTA.
the Truth; if lie be calumniated* vindicate his cause; for,
although in some instances, he may have erred, still recollect
that indiscretion in him should never destroy humanity in
Finally, Sir Knights, as memento mori is deeply engraved
on all sublunary enjoyments, let us ever be found in the
habiliments of righteousness, traversing the straight path of
rectitude, virtue, and true holiness; so that having discharged
our duty here below, performed the pilgrimage of life, burst
the bands of mortality, passed over the Jordan of death, and
safely landed on the broad shore of eternity — there, in the
presence of myriads of attending angels, we may be greeted
as brethren, and received into the widely-extended arms of
the blessed Immanuel, and forever made to participate in
his Heavenly Kingdom. 1
1 There is no form of constituting Encampments and installing officerg
in the Monitor, and we can not use those in other authors without a
violation of copyright.
JOHN SHERER'S MASONIC PUBLICATIONS.
1 .— SHEBEE'S MASONIC OAEPETS.
These are of three styles. The first is a Master's
Carpet, 6 by 6J feet, finished in map style, molding at
top with roller at bottom, presenting the emblems of
the three degrees in rich colors. The second style is
3 by 4 feet, finished in a similar manner, containing
all the emblems of the three degrees, arranged in three
departments — one department being devoted to the
emblems of E. A., one to those of F. C, and one to
those of M. M. The third style presents the emblems
of the Lodge, Chapter, and Council degrees, arranged in
departments — one being devoted to the representation
of the emblems of each body. This latter style is
mapped like the others, and of the largest size.
Official recommendations of the highest character
have been given in favor of these Carpets by the Grand
Lodges and Grand Chapters of seven Southern and five
Western States; while letters of recommendation, too
numerous to recapitulate, from leading brethren in
other States, attest the uniform satisfaction these works
have afforded to the brethren and officers of the lodges
wherever they are in use. The price of either style is $20.
Z MASONIC PUBLICATIONS. ?
2 -SHEEEE'S NEW FELLOW-CEAFT CHAET
In furnishing a lodge-room, the principal expense
heretofore necessary to incur has been the pillars
J. and B., and in most of our country lodge-rooms they
are, from the extreme cost of providing them of a
character and form to correspond with the biblical
description of them, oftener absent than present. To
remedy this has been the object of the invention of the
New Fellow-Craft Chart. Upon either side of this
Chart are represented, six feet high and of suitable
proportions, the pillars of the Porch, drawn and painted
in a manner at once artistic and correct. So faithfully
are these pillars represented from the description of
them to be found in Holy Writ, that to produce copies
of them in any material upon which they might be
carved would cost not less than $300. The artist has
evidently studied their description with an abiding
sense of their beauty; for in his display of the chapiters,
and portrayal of their net-work, lily-work, and pome-
granates, as also their surmounting globes and support-
ing capitals, shafts and pedestals, those columns are at
once the most faithful rendering of the original record
and most beautiful evidence of artistic genius and
arrangement of them ever yet beheld.
Between those pillars is portrayed an outer view of
the middle chamber upon a scale so large that the three
human figures introduced, although well advanced in
the perspective, are ten inches high and of suitable
proportions. This view of the M. C. occupies the full
space between the pillars — a space about three feet wide
by six feet high. Kising from the immediate fore-
ground appear the three steps indicative of the threo
stages of human life, each riser of which bears upon its
MASONIC PUBLICATIONS. 6
front one of the working-tools of a F. C. The broad
tread of the uppermost is lapped by the lowest of the
succeeding five steps, surmounted by the other four in
proper perspective, each bearing upon its riser, in plain
lettering, the name of its appropriate sense and order
of architecture; while, in their turn, those are sur-
mounted by the seven steps, each bearing upon its riser
the name of that science of which it is indicative.
Upon the highest, or fifteenth step, stands the S. D.
and the newly-made F. C, the former in the act of
addressing the J. "W., while in the gable of the porch,
immediately above the head of that ofiicer, is figured,
as if carved in the face of the solid stone, the scene at
the ford, to which reference is about to be made in
the colloquy which follows. So beautifully rendered is
every thing represented upon this Chart, and so large
and consequently attractive is the scale upon which it
is drawn, that the mind of the candidate must be
riveted upon this work as upon a beautiful painting
which is being explained to him; while the assistance
it affords to the S. D. in aiding his memory to master
the lengthy and intricate explanations of the emblems
represented, is such that it must be once experienced
before it can by that ofiicer be appreciated. The price
of this work is $20. It is finished in map form, with
molding at the top and roller at the bottom. In use
it should be suspended from some style of suitable
For the use of such lodges as are already provided
with pillars, the center portion of this work is mapped
by itself and exclusive of the views of the pillars, and
sold at $15.
For such lodges as can not afford to buy the complete
work, the pillars alone are mapped singly. They can
4 MASONIC PUBLICATIONS.
be hung upon triangular board upright stands of suit-
able height, and convey to the eye of the candidate a
much more vivid idea of the original than wooden
pillars of three times their cost. They are sold at $15
for the two.
3 -THE ELOOE CLOTH;
Or, Carpet of the Middle Chamber. — This work is
painted in oil-colors upon canvas, and is divided into
three parts. It is intended to be placed flat upon the
floor of the lodge-room, and walked over by the S. D.
and newly-obligated F. C, while the former is explain-
ing the second section of that degree to the latter. The
price of this work varies from $30 to $40, and to $50,
according to the labor expended in its production.
4 -SHEEEE'S MASONIC! TEACING-BOAED.
This is a collection of the emblems of the three
degrees of the Lodge, bound in a volume ; each degree
occupying one plate or page, 20 by 26 inches. These
plates are printed from the finest lithographic draw-
ings, in colors, and upon the best plate-paper. The
correctness of their symbolism has been vouched for by
a large number of the most intelligent of our brethren.
The magnificent engravings, "Jerusalem as besieged by
Titus," and "King Solomon's Temple," form appropriate
front and after -pieces to the emblems of the degrees.
The price of this work, which can be used by the W. M.
more readily than the large carpet, is $20.
MASONIC PUBLICATIONS. 5
5.-SHERER'S MASONIC DEGREE BOOK
Of Ancient Craft Masonry. — This is a volume of
sixteen plates, each 18 by 22 inches, to which are added,
as the front and after-pieces, "Jerusalem as besieged by
Titus," and "King Solomon's Temple." The whole,
strongly and handsomely bound, is inclosed for safe
keeping in a neat walnut case, made especially for it,
with lock and key. This is the most satisfactory work
that a lodge can purchase for the use of its Master, in
exemplifying the different degrees, as the emblems are
arranged as they occur, in sections, one full page being
devoted to the. emblems of each section. The plates
are brilliantly colored, and in this manner they are
rendered very conspicuous, while the mind of the can-
didate is not confused with the endeavor to grasp a
knowledge of that which does not immediately apper-
tain to the subject under explanation. The price of
this work is $25, including the box which contains it,
and in which it may be carefully and cleanly kept when
not in use. A suitable walnut stand, upon which it
should rest while in use, can be furnished with it for
6. -THE MASONIC LADDER;
Or, the Nine Steps to Ancient Freemasonry; being
a practical exhibit in prose and verse of the moral
precepts, scriptural instructions, traditions and allego-
ries of the degrees of the Lodge, Chapter, and Council.
This is quite a new book, and affords great satisfaction
to the initiated reader. It is a volume of 268 pp., and
put at the low price of $1.50. It should be in the
hands of every brother, calculated as it is to refresh his
memorv and keen him bright in the work and lectures.
6 MASONIC PUBLICATIONS.
7. -GEMS OP MASONRY.
This is an illustrated volume of some 64 pages,
containing historical and scriptural references to the
emblems of the first seven degrees. By its aid any
brother can take a keen interest in recalling to memory
what he has seen in the work of those degrees, and the
W. M. is enabled to store his mind with refreshing
knowledge suitable and indeed necessary for his office.
The price is but $1, post-paid to any part of the U. S.
8. -WEBB'S FREEMASON'S MONITOR.
This book is an exact copy of the edition of 1816, as
to language, with the improvements of illustration and
notes necessary to make it a useful book at the present
day. Being the oldest Monitor in America, "Webb's
work has been the parent and fount of information
from whence has been derived all the Masonic hand-
books in the United States. Price $1.
9. -VIEW OF JERUSALEM AS BESIEGED BY TITUS.
This is a magnificent chromo-lithograph, printed in
the best style of the art. It has been pronounced a
most remarkable work, and one upon which the eye
of every Freemason will repose with interest. For a
parlor ornament it is very appropriate, while for a
lodge, nothing is more so. The price is $2, except to
clubs of five or more, to whom it will be put at $1.50
MASONIC PUBLICATIONS. 7
10. -VIEW OP SOLOMON'S TEMPLE.
This work was engraved at Boston, Mass., upon two
steel plates, from the celebrated design of Chancellor
Schott, of Hamburg, at a cost exceeding two thousand
dollars. Nothing but an examination will afford a
sufficient idea of the fund of instruction embodied in
this work. The border designs, of which there are
eight; the drawings subsidiary, of which there are four,
and the scriptural and historical passages thickly inter-
spersed, make it a perfect cyclopedia of the subject.
The size of the plate is 24 by 42 inches, and the price
is, for plain prints, $2, and for colored, $3 each. Where
clubs of five or more unite, the prices will be $1.50 for
plain, and $2.50 for colored copies.
11. -MASTER MASON'S DIPLOMA.
This is by far the most appropriate and elegant
Diploma ever issued; it is universally admired, and
graces many a brother's parlor. In size it is 20 by 27
inches. It is printed in tint on heavy plate-paper, for
The design is that of the Form, Support, and Covering
of the Lodge. The view from the south displays the
Pillar of Beauty in majestic proportions ; those of
Wisdom and Strength being in perspective. Jacob,
peacefully slumbering on his mystic pillow, lies at the
foot of the Celestial Ladder, along which angels pass
and repass on errands of mercy. The heavenly bodies
are in their appointed places. The surrounding objects
are such as are appropriate to oriental climes. The
whole constituting a splendid picture. At the foot of
each pillar are seen the Jewels of the Master and
8 MASONIC PUBLICATIONS.
"Wardens respectively. Below it is appended the proper
form of Diploma, having blanks for names, dates, etc.,
and for the lodge seal and photograph of the owner.
Every Master Mason should have this Diploma. Price
$2 per copy. The same design, on a scale of 13 by 18
inches, is furnished for SI. 50. Orders from Secretaries
and Tylers filled at reduced rates
THE PKEEMASOFS M0NIT0K,
By Thomas Smith "Webb, with notes and running
comment by Eob Morris. This edition of the old and
standard author, whose production has so long main-
tained its place in public favor amid the competition
of nearly a score of imitations, is rendered immensely
more valuable by the learning and experience of the
present Editor. Mr. Morris has brought all his knowl-
edge of Masonic law and usage to bear in making this
work an indispensable aid to Masters, Wardens, and
Brethren throughout the great Fraternity.
All these publications, whether carpets, plates, books,
or diplomas, will be forwarded by express or otherwise,
as ordered, to any part of the United States or Canada.
The trade supplied on usual terms.
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