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/I 






.1 



IV PREFACE TO VOL. LXXXVII. PART II. 

alteration local circiimstances demand, may be applied to many other 
parts of the Kingdom : 

- *' The state of thb Country, at the present moment, when placcd'in 
comparison with its situation at the corresponding period of la^t year, 
exhibits an exhilarating contrast. At that time the sum of actual distress 
was perhaps unparalleled, and it was deepened by still darker anticipation. 
Our Crops had failed. Manufactures were at a stand, and Comn^rce 
seemed to have deserted us : the rich were embarrassed, and the poor 
were starring. Government was in perplexity, and some classes of the 
people, goaded by despair, vainly sought for relief in tumult and innova- 
tion. But a change has since gleamed upon us eqxially rapid, unex- 
pected, and decisive : the cheerful voice of Industry has again avroke, and 
drowned the murmurs of Sedition. In the former gloomy season the 
chief occupation of public spirit was to render more effective existing 
Establishments, and to plan new Institutions for relief of the poor : now 
that field of useful action, though still ample, is happily narrowed, for 
both the necessaries oi life, and the means of their acquisition, are com- 
paratively abundant and accessible. Though the circumstances of this 
district i^cnder it less susceptible of tlibse' sudden fluctuations which agi- 
tate quarters more fully peopled, and more dependent upon the changing 
aspects of Commerce ; yet we too have had a portion of the common 
distress, and participate in the general renovation. On the state of the 
woollen' manufacture depends the demand for what may be called the 
staple export of th^ Highlands, and we rest on the general prosperity of 
the country for the sale of our cattle. In the close of 1816, and indeed 
during the whole of that year, we could find no mtoket for our produce, 
except on terms which were ruinously low. But the state of things is now 
considerably improved, and promises fair for progressive melioration." 

A Welsh Paper, The CanArian, contains another striking illustration : 
" Such is the fioiurishing state of the iron trade, that Mr. Crawshay, the 
Proprietor of the great iron-works of Cyfarthfa in Merthyr Tydvil, has 
spontaneously increased the wages of all his workmen : and froxp this 
increase alone 7000/. yearly is added to the circulation of that neigh- 
bourhood." 

If we look to the centre of w*ealth and business, the Metropolis, wc 
shall find the scene quite as cheering. Sedition is melting away. The 
statft of Public Credit is fresh and vigorous. The utility of Saving Banks 
begins to be roost sensibly experienced. The comforts of the Poor, and 
the Education of their Children, are the incessant objects of the 
Benevolent. Sickness and distress, whate\'er may be their description, are 
promptly alleviated. 

Dec. 31, 1817. 




GENTLEMAN'S MAG A ZI NE 



H.P(D>t.M.HeralJ 
^Momiug CbroDic. 
Times-M. Advert. 
P. Ledger ^Oracle 



iSlar— T™»ell<T 
Pilot — Si atemuD 
;P>cket.Land.Cbr. 
ilbioii— C. Chroo. 

Coirier— Globe 
Eng. Chron---lnq. 
,CaiirJ'Angleterre 
pour, de Londre* 
ISotherWerklfP. 
17Snnd3yPapeii 
Hue kCr? Police 
Lit. Adr. iDDalhly 
BiihS— Brlstolj 
Bervrck — Buston 
Piimiiighkm 3 
Eliukli. Rrlghdm 
Bui78l.P.diniiDd'i 
Camb.— Chalh. 

.2-Cheitera 
Chelm! 










Derb.— Dotchesi 




[lu.ham — Euci 




K>...|or'i.Glouo.a 








a^n-tord, Hull ; 




li.,i,iii.gd.-KenH 








Uk*).t-l^tit^ 




UcMM. LiTer.6 




Maidst. Manch.6 




Newi-.a,— NottB.S 


f 






N:>r<oik, Nonich 


s 


N.WilceQxrortl-J 




I'oiisea— PoHerjr 








Rtndinir— Salisb. 




Sal'jii—StirlBeldS 








!*iire»sl.,.rv 


^ 


«1nff.-S-.ainf. 3 



J U L Y, I8I7. 
CCfVT^INING 



u34. 



JBi^tHflncDU^ITomfpaii 



i« Fumeauf liiiniln^ 1 
loniiu >he Spots unth< 
roi the Bite ofa Mad 



,l416,descrlb<MJ19 

NarratiTeofSuff«iDgBainonsihrKandiaot3i 

.Rajjhuel'aTisuJftgutaliun'aS 

The New CoinoE* "triui Ihe Old ibid. 

Topographerwhiletrov.lling25 
Public- houses among Ihe Ctaisical Anii<-nis 27 
'Tbe Rrifn ol'ChafleslhiiFirst" in Aimals? aS 
Letlrr about Convocailoii In Irttand, I67S 3U 
of St. Denja' 32 



Clim 



midatioi 



It Weal 



ir33 
ig Dry Elot, 35 



n Rolls 3-;.— On Hidropbib 



8ey2.i 



Citliicuj of jflcntPuIilitniionj. I 

TlieHoly lijbr, trilled bv l)'llylv >imI .Mint 41 
Pori'aChaigeioCbrgy of his Archdeaconry ii.: 

Yaies-B Basia of Naiiuiial Welfare 48i 

Prendt:rgB>l-i Sermon on L'briiiian Chanty iij 
L. By ron'i " Maarred, a Dmmatic Puen^' 45 
ThcBeaulieaorMa9siiiiier41 — The CrsDiad 49 ' 
ADuuBll3i.iKra|>hy, be.— l>»c^al>j<Lelte[«...S() 
L-iters of Vorick ii> favour of Ihe Church. 5! 
Dyer's Uiterg ou the ICuglirli Ci<u.iitiilion 53 
Bitigle>>c PiDHical lultodurliun lu Etolanjr 54 I 
LuitcriluaMoi her — Scliool CoriesiiwidiiiBeSS 
Dr. Carey »n Cumpoiilion — Oiman. al'ale ib,' 
[,iTEn«av tNTELLioKKLT — [Jlliver^ll■ea, &o, )8 

Sei,ih.t CirtTnv. fur Jidv IBH 61—64 

I^i^toncai. ^liromcle. I 

Procep.Ungsiiiihi'Uiel^->>i»i>ufParliiii»eatG5 
iffiiOoei 



COIKI 



-Duni.-al 



, 7!); 



Embellished nith T. 



.Se!...8I 

Obitunry,«ithAnerd.ofr*niark.iblePei«mB.83 
.Mr. Puu-oiiby ; Duke of N<Tt>iuiube>l>ud 83 
Madame de liiael-Hoisteio ; Capt Tuikey 8S' 
M<-int<ir of the lute Kev. Wiiitain D'Oyly... 93 
Billol Morlalily.— Pru-esul'ilaikpu, &u. 95 
Canal, tee. Shares,— I'lieei ol the Simikk... 96 
I Ch"SS aud Mansion at Oa!,.[m;tom, Oxun i 



By SYLV AN US URBAN, Gent, 

to, Red Lion Passage. Flee 



INDEX INDICATORIttS. 



Mr. CapEL Lofft's kind communica- 
tion sball be thankfully attended to in 
the proper place. 

A Friendly Rbadcr wishes to be in- ' 
formed where there exi&ts an *• accurate** 
plan of St. James's Palace ; and whether 
there be any plans of its antient as well 
as present state — that is, since it first 
became the residence of oar Sovereigns. 
U. L. suggests the inquiry, if it be 
not probable that Clerical Residence 
would be promoted, if there were greater 
facilities attending an Exchange of Liv- 
ings. Healthy and sometimes family 
connexions, are inducements with many 
to place Curates on their benefices, who 
otherwise would not withdraw from the 
duties attending on personal residence. 
Would it be deemed too great, an fn- 
croacbment made by the Legislature 
on the right of patronage, if Bishops, 
by a summary process, might effect Ex-' 
changes of Livings, between Incumbents 
not differing, as to age, more than a li- 
mited number of years, and without the 
expences of new presentations, &c. ? 
Many would be induced to forego some 
pecuniary advantages, arising from su- 
perior emoluments of their benefices, for 
tbe sake of local convenience. 

A Layman observes, tb^t *' under the 
existing Laws respecting tbe Residence of 
the Clergy, he understands that there is 
no exemption in favour of Canons and 
Prebendaries (with the exception of the 
Dean) so as to allow them to appear in 
their Collegiate Churches beyond tbe 
portion of time enjoined by the Statutes 
of such Churches ; and this in general 
M for a'single month in the year. The 
consequence is, that the Cathedral Stalls 
seldom present more than the l>ean 
(and him not always) and one Preben- 
dary i the remaining Dignitaries must 
be at their respective Cures. Surely 
this is carrying the rule of Parochial Re- 
sidence too far : it is sacrificing the 
dignified appearance of Cathedrals, and 
of course lessens the veneration for those 
noble Establishments. It creates le- 
veling notions, that every Stall is a si- 
necure } and excites contempt in the 
minds of many, who would otherwise 
form very different ideas. An appoint- 
ment unexecuted always creates disgust 
and aversion ; and this is not a time to 
encourage such sentiments." He trusts 
that Canons and Prebendaries will he 
allowed tbe option of appropriating some 
larger specific portion of the year to the 
duties of their Cathedrals, where their 
appearance will always give pleasure, as 
tending to usefulness, proper decorum, 
and the real advantage and interests of 
the Eccltslastjcal Body in general. 



A benevolent Friend has eommimj^ 
cated an extract from a letter of an Ame- 
rican Gentleman, containhig a Recipe 
ft)T the cure ef the Stone,' , which havingr 
used for two months, he is in a fair way 
of being perfectly cured. «* The Stdne 
comes from me in small particle^, and 
without much pain; so that it seems . 
probable that in a few weeks 1 shall be 
ableta attend ^to= my business, which I . 
have been incstpable of doing for a con- 
siderable, time." The remedy is stated 
to have been discove:red by the folt<)wing: 
circumstance. A Physician who for W' 
years bad been afflicted with this disoiv. 
der, came jlwo. years ago to the Medical- 
Springs at Bedford in Penaylvania, %^- 
make use of the Waters. After being, 
there for some time to no purpose, ari^ 
African Negro propesed to cure him for 
a few pounds. Despising the effer^ ha 
rejected it; till at leingth, finding hi* 
dissolution drawing on, he sent for the 
Negro, and was perfectly cured in four 
weeks. Tbe secret was disclosed for tha 
purchase of his freedom ; and the fol-. 
lowing is the remedy : <* Take a quarter 
of a pint of the expressed juic6 of horse-' 
mint, and a cpiarter of a pint of red 
onion ji^ice, evening and morning, till 
the cure is perfected\ White onions 
will not have the same effect as red. To 
get the juice of them, they may be cut 
in thin slices, and well salted, and 
bruised between two pewter plates. It 
is, however, the juice of the horse-mint 
which possesses tbe most virtue in this 
disorder ; and a strong decoction of this 
will generally, in time, effect a cure." 
if used in this way, the duse of course 
should be considerably larger. 

SaPcotiensis having observed, in t,he 
report of a late trial, some remarks on 
J^essera, as a material fur roofing, sug* 
gests a much cheaper and more durable 
method. It h formed by dipping sheets 
of coarse paper (such as button-makera 
use) in boiling tar, and nailing them on 
boards or laths, exactly in the Fame 
manner as slates. Afterwards the whole 
is painted over with a mixture of pitch 
ami powdered coal, chalk, or brickdust. 
This forms a texture, which completely 
resists every deserii/tion of weather for 
an unknown length of time. He has 
been told that extensi^'e warehouses at 
Deal, Dover, and Canterbury, and 
churches and farm-houses in the North, 
have been so roofed for more than 50 
years, without requiring any repairs. 
As the roof is nut made to rise more 
than two inches in a foot, the timber 
required is trifling, when compared 
with any other mode of roofing as no\r 
practised. 



f • 1 



THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE, 

For J U L Y, 18ir. 



Mr nmMAn ' ^^^^ House, lo the Piiitolofia» wbicb leemsla 

• Toww^JulwI. bave copied from the prectdiof 

HAVING olMiirved 'thote doubts Biogrsphief, b£ » detcribedM Sir Jj>* 

rb^jitcd m yoyr Magazine^ nai MBore^ of Whit^ io Y9rkMr€>> 

i^ich occur in the MveralBi^rauhiet His Mooument iets* of £oiirte» all 

coMcumiDf 4lie tiaie %*t Sir Jooat itouhti aod errors at rest n|ioo the 

Xore*s dtfth i I b^ leave to encIcMd sulject. 

dk aocuraffl copjp uf the inscription . Someof yoar Correspondeats^ per- 

eift has n^onunieiii iq tiie Tower Cha- baps, are possessed of iuformatieai 



peL wbeieiB be was buried* ' concerning "bis Son. who sncceedel 

Thfi l^^iuBeai is a ceiuasnar tab> hinu aod who seems to have aset en 

IjL a d prae d with asilitary trophies, ther a sudde» or a violent death* 

aaa aarflMNuited wilh bis armorial It is curious, that his lon-in-biWi 



^ Mr. Potinger, who joined in edi|iaf 

Ttie iaaerlpltea is eagraves in Ro- bis Mathematical Works, should hav# 

oma CApitals, accordinff to the ar- taken no share in the erection of hie 

vangemeot of lines wbicb I have monument. Edmuiid L. Swift, 
InUtliiUj Iraascribed. Keeper rf ihe n9^mS0^ 

aft' s* 

Jona Mori eqaitis aarati, Iq agro Lancastriensi 

apud vicum Whiteloe nati V11I<> die Februarii, 

anno k Partu Virjnqis MDCXVIK 

Qui, ob e^ regiam er|;a Principem suam 6delitatem» 

summani in rebus Matbematicis soientiaoiy 

et singularem In negotiis peragendis 

sol«*rtiain et induttriaoi, 

a rage Carole Secundo ad oflSeium Supenrisoris generalit 

rei tormentariae bellies evocatus est. 

gui, BQUnere dom dign^ fungitur, 

Ingennas etiam disciplinas, avte^ue mechanicas^ 

non magis ad animi sui oblectamentum, * 

quam publica patrue comnioda^ . 
studiosjssime excoluit. 
, £t ijsprimis Astronomis et Nautlcc Artis fautoreia t. 

' manificentissjinuBi se prsbuit) 
easque promovendi causi 
Speculum Grenovicenseoi Qobctute rege) 
extrui curavit, 
instrumeiitis ifioneis locupletavit, 
editisque Matbematicis operib. utilissimit 
orbi iiiclaruit. 
Vixit aonos LXII. devixitXXVillo Augusti, ao Christi 

M. D.C.LXXIX. 

Filium unicum de uxore charissim^ sutceptum 

post se reliquit, 

qui eundem quem pater tenuerat et locum et honoris 

gradufD adeptus, 

prcproperA inorte extinctus, 

hie una sepultus est. 

Maria filia, natu major, ejusque 

maritus Gullelmus Hanway Gen'*. 

Patri Optimo, et Fratri, monumentom boa 

I.L.MM.PP. 

Mr. 



fices any who were in difficultj or 
distress; and, as a Clergyman, par- 
ticularly diligent and exe.nplary. Hi« 
decease, in the vif^oOr of'life^ how- 
ever dcfirable as a release from acute 
and hopeless jiitfering, will long be 
matter of deep regret to all who 
knew him, and most lo those who 
knew him best. H. C. 



4 Memoir of Jtev.ThomaisRiAge. — Westminster Plays. [July, 

Mr. Urban, JuIj/ 11. 

THE Rev. Thomas Ridge, M. A. 
whose death is recorded in Part 
I* p. 67 i« was a native of Gilford, 
educated in Brasen Nose College, 
and about 20 years ago obtained the 
living of Knossington (of which he af- 
terwards purchased the advowsdu) 
through the kindness of Lord Sid- 
mouth, who was (some years beft^re) 
a member of the same College. The 
tectorial house at Knossington being 
a mere cottage, not in good^ repair, 

Mr. Ridge never realized his hope of Right Reverend Auditors could hear* 
building a house proper for a small much less with approbation, some of 
living, but Uiidertootc; successively, the speeches in Terence's Plays, at 
different curacies; and the nearer performed by Westminster Scholars, 
they were to Knossin»;ton, the more For instance — one of the characters, 
acceptable. In his diflferent situations addressing his brother, who, as he 
he receivfd a small number of private thought, acted with more strictness 
pupils — an honourable employment to his sun than was necessary, say», 
well conducted — which having been ^*Niique enim adolescent ulum scoHuri 
at times interrupted by uncertain vei potare iniquum est,** Can any man 
health, he gave it op entirely sgme blame his son fc^r practising these 



Mr. UaBAN, 



Jult/ 18. 



I HAVE always been astonished that 
Reverend, Very Reverend, and 



years before his death. Being an 
only and dutiful st)n, he was from in- 
fancy the delight of bis parents, and, 
for the last six and twenty years or 
inore, the joy and comfort of his ex- 
cellent mother, a widow. He printed 
now and then short tracis or papers 
for parochial distribution, but never, 
jt is believed, published any thing, 
except that he was an occasional con- 
tributor to Mr. Urbau^s pages. His 
finah malady, one of very rare occur- 
rence, was lingering and hopeless. 
Having been in the Metropolis for 
advice, on his return in March last, 
** in an interval of ease from the most 
excruciating pains," he wrote a note 
to a young. Rugbeun, in which he 
says, '' I was brought down from 
London on Saturday, with little or 
no expectation of reaching this place 
(Misterton) alive: 1 did, ho;Q;ever, 
through the mercy of God ; bot my 
life must be very short. I can see no 
. one ; and it is only from my resigna- 
tion to the will of God that makes 
me not wish for death. Convey to 
3four father from me my most ardent 
"wishes for his welfare and happiness, 
and that of his family, and my most 
sincere gratitude for all his kindnesses 
towards me. God bless you !** Re- 
signation and gratitude include or 
imply same of the best virtues of our 
nature. Mr. Ridge was a very sensible 
■worthy man, and a good scholar ; in 
manners friendly, obliging, and cheer- 
ful} prompt to assist with kind of- 



vices, when he has^Jieen taught the 
lesson by his Reverend Schoolmaster? 
and has repeated it with apphnse be^ 
fore such an Audience as always at- 
tends on these occasions? A few years 
ago the practice was censured by 
some oroanients of the Church, and 
was weakly justified by the then Mas- 
ter, who received a strong retort io 
a small pamphlet publisihed by one 
under the description of '* A Lay- 
roan." The Master had pleaded the 
obligation of his oath to observe the 
statutes, which directed the (perform- 
ance of a Latin Play ; but was asked» 
whether that oath was more binding 
in thi)« respect, than in respect to 
Morning Prayers, now omitted. If 
these Plays must be performed, why 
should not such passages, at least, 
be expunged? 

Some years ago the Rev. Mr.. Fitz- 
gerald, IJnder-master, or Usher, of 
Westminster School, puhlishpd an edi- 
tion of " Terence,'* retaining the pas- 
sage above mentioned. He thought^ 
perhaps, that from his profession and 
the situation he held, it might be ne- 
cessary to take some notice of a senti- 
ment so much at variance with the 
general opinion, even of Morality)^ 
to say nothing of Religion : and he 
gives a note, that Micio does not 
speak this as approving of such prac- 
tices, but that those/ indulgences did 
not subject the young man to be car- 
ried before a rodgislrale, or to be 
pQdisbed by any legal process. He 

dues 



• j4 



IS 17.] The Marquis a/* Bute's Mansion at Luton Hoo. 

does not Teoture to gWe hit own mansion of Sir Robert Nnpier» aaj 

opinion. Yours, &c. ^ A. Z. soon afterwards resuked upon mak* 

■—■ ing a grand addition, in .which the f «• 

Mr. Urban, July 20. nius of R.Adannwhono he patronized^ 

ON a late, toar through Hertford- should ha?e its fullest scope, uncoo* 

shire, after baying surveyed the trolled by any consideration of ex- 

"venerable Abbey of St. Alban*s, my pence. At the same time Shelbanw* 

atletitioQ was attracted to the magni- honse was rising from its fooadatioiM 

ficeiit villa of the Marquis of Bute, upon a plan ol the same Architect, 

■at Luton Hoo. I presume, in two Popular clamour was then so mh^ 

distinct points of view, that the fol- roent, that Lord Bute was induced t» 

lowing information may not be wholly sell his intended London residence to 

unacceptable to certain of your Lord Shelburne ; and the vast detigiii 

Readers, who understand and feel at Luton were suspended in their full 

the beauties of Architecture and extent. What had been begun wm 

Painting. First, that the Library, then completely finished ; and Adam 

whicji was considered by its designer, has traaslerred to England the^spleth* 

Robert Adam, as his chef d'ceuvte^ • dours of the Palace of Dioclesian at 

both in point of elegance and con- Spalatro, which he has so ably elu- 

trivance, has never been hitherto de- cidated. 

scribed — and secondly, that a col- Those who attributed the paymeal 
lection of Pictures made by & Prime- of the large sum required tor botfi 
Minister of this Country has never these sumptuous buildings to his com" 
been made known, in detail, by a mand of the public purAe, were injir- 
printed Catalogue; while that of an- rious in their censures, not consider* 
other Nobleman, who enjoyed the ing that, after the death of Mr. Wort- 
same eminent station tome years be- ley. Lord Bote enjoyed an -estate cif 
fore him, is never mentioned but with at least 20,000/. a year, in right of 
unbou'hdcd praise, or regret for its )i is Countess. )n consequence of these 
removal from England, almost be- unpleasant observations, which were 
yond the reach of civilized Europt*, not unfreqiiently obtruded on hi:) ear, 
nndof which the memory only is pre- Luton, with its splendid embellifh- 
nerved to us hy a series of engravings, ments, was , no longer submitted to 
Luton is scarcely known as a similar public inspection, and was seen only 
repository (and may it lon<^' remain!); by special favour; and accordincjiy, 
while Houghton iM called by Virtuosi, notwithstanding a liberal permission 
'* classic ground ;" as having once con- given by the late noble Possessor, hag 
tained the most Princely collection of been very rarely visited, even by 
paintings, ever made in this Kingdom. Connoisseurs. 

Tiie testimony of Dr. Johnson is From the grand suite of apartments, 
decisive, not because the Arts were the ceilings of which are ornamented 
neither sc/7n nor understood by him, witii the best eiiorts of the pencil 
and that he refused to praise what he of Cipriani, I select the Library for 
was unable, from defect of vision, to an attempt at description. It was 
discriminate, this instance being ex- built in 1767, and consists of five 
cepted ; but that he readily acknow- apartments, the total extent of which 
ledgcd the superiority of this Palace is 1T4 feet, and is calculated to con- 
in particular. After visiting Luton tain 2^,000 volumes. The height of 
with Mr. Boswelt, he said, '^ This is each room to the cornice is 19 feet, 
one of the places I do not regret hav- and the book-cases of mahogany, 
iog come to see. It is a very stately with gilt-wire lattices, are half that 
place (indeed; in the house magnifi* elevation; and above them are ranged 
cence is not sacrificed to convenience, some of the largest and most valuable 
norconvenience to magnificence. The of the pictures. The books are easily 
Library is very splendid, the dignity accessible (which is no incoBsidt;rable 
of the rooms is very great, and the advantage), and in each division of 
quantity of Pictures is beyond expec- the bookcases there are iaibout nine 
tation — beyond hope.*' [BoswelTs rows on an average, and 18 books in 
Life of Johnson, vol. IV. p. 134.] a row. Folio volumes are placed at 
In 1762, when Lord Bute had at- top and bottom, then quartos, and 
tained to the summit of his political lastly, octavos in the middle; which 
power, he purchated the uufiuisbed mode has been found to include the 

greatest 



CoUection of Pictures at Luton. 



[Jalyi 



gr«aief t number within the same space. 
JU the fuot of the book-cases is placed 
aiio^le s'tep, wbich, opeuiDjr, forms 
boxes for maps oa rollers i-and before 
tbem are tables covered with green 
doth, upon which are placed beantt- 
ful models, in curk, of Greek and 
Roman Architecture : Ihey are wired 
in front, and contain large portfolios 
of prints and drawings, atlasses, plaas, 
and elevations. The rooms, at either 
end> have folding doors, by which 
they are rendered distinct from each 
other} but the centre room hat an 
arcade of Ionic pillars, supporting a 
beam, which crosses the arch* at its 
springing. Of the books it is neediest 
to speak in praise, as their extreme 
rarity, and ttie excellence of the edi- 
tions, are sufficiently known to all 
Bibliographers. A more splendid 
Temple of the Muses is no where seen. 
Of the Pictures, the number of 
which excited from Johnson such eja- 
culations of astonishment and praise, 
I will only give a list of about one 
J^tmdredj with a few observations, oc- 
casionally. 

COI LECTION OF PICTURES AT LuTON MADE 

BY John Earl of Bute, 1763—1780. 

Raffaelle. 

!• Madonna, Bambino, and Cherubs. 

The Caraccu 

3. St. Franeis— small. 

8. Madonna and Bambino. 

4. Asitumption. 

5. Holy Family, with St. Lucia. 

Guercino. 

6. Funeral of a Young Man. 

7. Assumption of the Virgin. 

Guido, 

8. Venus and Cupid. 

9. Dasdalus and Icarus. 

10. Venus and Cupid. 

Onregio, 

11. Virgin reposing on a Cloud. 

13. Virgin asleep, the Child embnil^ng 
lier — - small, but exquisite. 
Jnd. Sacchi. 

13. Mercury acquainting Vulcan with 
the infidelity of Venus. 

p. Veronese. 

14. Marriage of St. Catherine. 

Parmegianino* 

15. The same subject. 

Schedonu 

16. Holy Family. 

Benv. Garqfaio, 

17. Riposo in £gypt. 

iturilHo. 

18. Bambino asleep with the Madonna. 

19. Assumption of the Virgin (on marble). 

Luca Giordano. 
$0. Venus and Neptune. 



Parmegiano. 
SI. Marriage of St. Catb^ine. . 
Baroeckio. 

32. Holy Family. 

jilbano. 

33. Adoration of the Magi. 

EUz, Sirani, 
84. Madonna and Bambino asleep. 
Tintoretto: 

35. Juno distributing Gold. 

Vasaru 

36. Holy Family. 

ScUv, Rosa, 

37. Wounded Soldier. 

A, del Sarto, 
3$. Holy Family. 

Titian. 
39. Venus reposing, in adres^ng-room. 

Carlo Marattu 

30. Holy Family. — From the frequent 
repetition of this subject, he was 
called by bis contemporaries '* Car« 
luccio delle Madonniae." 

P. Bordone. 

31. Christ and the Centurion. 
Landscapes, Battle-pieces, &c. 

Ruysdaal. 
33. Rocks and Cascade. 

Rosa da Tivoli, 

33. Landscape. 

34. Companion. 

Zuccarelli. 
35 and 36. Landscapes— very large. 
37 & 38, 39 & 40. Companions.r-Theae 
were procurea for Lord Bute by Mr. 
Smith, Consul at Venice, as those for 
the King now at Windsor. 
Tempesta, 
41. Landscape. 

Busiri. 

43 and 43. Ditto. 

Hackaert and ZAngelbach, 

44 and 45. Views among the Alps. 

Fonder Hagen, 

46. View in a Thick Forest. 

Cuyp. 

47. View on the Maes. 

Occhiale, 

48. View of the Tiber. 

Nich. Poussin. 

49. View near Marino. 

50. Do. near the Lake of Nam!. 

51. Do.'on the Annio near Vicovaro. 

Msmen, Vecchio, 
53. Landscape. 

53. Sea Port. 

Berghem. 

54. Landscape*— Winter-scene. 

Fande Velde, 

55. Views in the Alps — ^figures byTenierf . 

Hackaert, 

56. Battle of Solebay, painted for King 
James 11. 

Tenters, 

57. Boors in a Village, carousing. 

Vander Meulen, 

58. Battle Piece. 

yictor. 



litTij 



(^^iUaiMi^rieltrA at tattoo 



S^ ATootk-drawer. 

en. Butcher with Attendanli. ' 

" Ratmhamer and P'elaet Breughri. 

A. Mfldoniia and BambioD, »ilb St. 

John, uffering Krmt and Ploweri. 

ft, Dulch Bo0t-Hii<l Milk-mnid. 

OldJ.li. fi-OBll. 

CS. ConnoiJteun bi this Gallny' of s 



I cm ptetniw, Mid !• 
ioM for tb* dwTMMr 



Poirnuna. 
M. aiawdt^aiOcpbBUHRronndcdwkh 

• BCMtl. 

p.p. OOeM. 
W. A Ua^nc Her. 

1R; An Anbt, dm of hi* SoboUn. 

M. Hit aiTa (Hekna . Fonnann) aod 

ChUd, with bhualt in a rrait mariiet. 
89. StaS'bnotiDf— bimdt and other 

Poitraitt— AnInuJi bjr De Hctkick. 

Veijr iMTge, in tbe Hme ujla, and of 

•i|i^ dldHiHioni «ltb tb« aelebMtad 



ItiAmi mid J»r4tUM». 
70i AdoratioD of tbe Uaci. 
71. Jadp«entuidnini>EiiMntof ifidai, 

73. tUrj Hagdalaaa waafalng; Jisiu'a 
Fact— All tba flpma an partraib. 

7S'- DioKeDaiuaivbinKfbranhtHiMtinan. 

Jaidacni, at Uiogenei, flndi Rub«D*. 

TUmm. 

74. Ant. Grisani, Doge of Venice 

75. Hernando Cortct. 

lUntbrtotit. 

76. Hiiion. 

TT. Innocents. [PamSli). 

7B. Sir W. Howard, K. B. when yonnff, 
•rterwarda the unfortunate Vitconnt 
Stiffonl, twbcaded 16... From tbe 
Arundel Collectian. 

OldSttru. 

79. Children or King Cbarlet I. 

JMtm. 

80. Ben Jooson. 

SI. Mrs. Jane Lane, - who conducted 
' CliarlM 11. after bii eacape from the 

battle of Worcester. 

Com. Janttn. 

84. Pentirinary DeWill. 

85. Hn Sitter. 

BrevgbeL 
•6. Duchetl of Moiiiespan. 

jVt,. BeaU. 
<7. Herself. 

Sir J. Rrgmtat. 
•8- John Earl of But<^, as Prime Minis- 
ter, recei'ing a pjipatch from biaSe- 
crctaij, Cbarlea jenkiiuoui after- 



I of Utarpoai;— IWt b « 
of ^rj«abw-f 
, •■Bpilatl* cat' 

^I^Jn b 

fth-Jobn, Eari of Bate, in hit nbw tl 
the Garter —Full lenfitb. 

90. Uar*, Coantcaa of Buta, da«gbt«r 
' of Edward- Wartte; Umtafnc, 04. 

and tbe Juatt* oalabrated Ladj Han<— 
Pull lei>pb. 

91. Cbariea Jaiaea Poi, In rnri^ Hfi. 
93. Dr. Artaauonit. tba PocL 

J. Smmwj. 
99. Tbe Prineeia Dowager of ValM.— 
Whole length. PreientedbrberRo]«l 
Hi^neia to the Earl of Bate. 
ITatamn. 
9*- LBil;H,Pierrepaini,aiaSbrpberdeM^ 
aittiag amter a tree. — Mlnlaiun. 
CJtnat. 
BS. I«dr M. Wortle; Montagne, re- 
cllningiin aTurklibcoituiiHt: painted 
for Pope — but it it uncertain if it ever 
came lulo bia po*tet*ion. 

tfi. CoronatioiiorLoviaXIV.atlUMimt. 

97. Margaret, Queen ofSeoti, dangbtV 

. of Ehig NentyVIl. from whoai tl|a 

- preaent Roral Family are llDaallj de> 

•eended. Sba ii repreaented aa oflb». 

ing bat band in a dance to Archibald 

Diiu^aa, her aeeend buaband. Thia 

curiooi Piature «at purcbaaed out of 

tbe Aruudd Collection. SeeWatpole'a 

Anecdotet, 8Va. foL I. p. 451. 

The admirera of the Fieiniab and 

Dutch Schocila will haTC the highert 

gratification in inipecting a Coltectioa 

i)f Ihcir Work*, with which the npper 

apartment! are repleniahcd, and which 

hiia cerlaiiil; nu rival ia Euglaad. II 

ii not equalled for merit, Tarictj, or 

Bumher. 

The namet of their moil tfMteVi 
Painlera — of Oeratd Dow, Jandein, 
Paul Brill, Le \aio, Swanoefett, Tan- 
hu)aHni,VanUarp,Brawer,VanGojen, 
MoJinanr.OitadF, Peter Neefi, Breug- 
hel, &c.nfi pear in the calaUigupof I beir 
moat genuine and eicdlent Pirluret. 
I did Dot, Mr. Urban, quit thete 
favoured ■cenei wilhont a pleating, 
though loincwhat melBucholy recol- 

paued Ihcr 

Be waa a Nnhiemaa highljr minded 
and lii<;hly gifted t whiMe coorteay la. 
wardi tliuic of hi> infetiori whom ha 
eilecmed wai kindncaa ilicll, iigai. 
fied. He wai a patron who beatowed 
bin favour) liberal!;, from the ire- 
pulie of the heart, not from the cal- 
.culiiliun<i of the hflad, aa to equJTalent 
'bu did not waitfor ihe dc- 
diCBIioB 



8 



Croakers characterised. — St, Nicholas, Bristol. [Juljv 



dication of a third part of a long life, 
barely to repay ana never to remune- 
rate. If be felt the pride of true Nobi- 
lity so loftily as never to condescend 
to those who had no other claim to his 
notice hut that they were born no- 
ble, his affable demeanour to others 
whom he selected from a similarity of 
taste or literary pursuits, conciliated 
them by manly intercourse, and in- 
sured their gratitude, or at least de- 
served to insure it, by substantial fa- 
vours, promptly and delicately con- 
ferred. 

*< Gratulor, quod eum quera necesse 
erat diligere, qualiscuuque esset, talem 
habemus, ut libere queque dilig^amus." 

Trebun. ap. Tullium. 
Vale et Have ! ! 

Mr. Urban, Jpril 17. 

I HAVE been greatly amused dur- 
ing these eventful periods by the 
opinions and groundless fears of many 
a retired Tradesman, or half-witted ' 
Country Gentleman, who chiefly con-^ 
Btitute that class of society not un- 
aptly termed croakers; — the myste- 
rious shake of the head — the con- 
fcious shrug of the shoulders — the 
wht«percd information of our im- 
pend mj;: danger — indicating the beings 
m question to be puMessed of a fore- 
sight too cruelly denied to their scep- 
tical or more careless neighbours. 
In no ago have we been exempt from 
such self-tormenting characters; but 
latterly greater caune appears to have 
arisen for the disnemioation of their 
comfortable doctrine, and their pro- 
selytes have become more numerous 
than usual during the effervescing of 
this uoAeltled period. A few weeks 
^gOy a friend of mine, who passes for 
an intelligent speculative man, as- 
sured me, with all imaginable seri- 
ousness, that the event of our affairs 
depended on the minutest point ; that 
the diminution of the weight of an 
atom, connected with her present cir- 
cumstances, would elevate the scale 
of our country in favour of the ene- 
• inies of her constitution ; O quantum 
in rebus inane /'* But, Mr. Urban, 
thanks to wiser heads than theirs, the 
storm that threatened has passed 
over, and the unkindly lowering of 
the tempest is succeeded by the in- 
creasing appearance of our wonted 
jpiendour. That 1 have by no means 
overstrained the characleV of such, 
men, wl)o consider -it a part of tbeir 



duty to propagate their opinions in 
the minds of their friend«, a slight 
acquaintance of mankind will testify; 
and that such men did exist in timea 
now far remote, I beg to confirm by 
subjoining a)i extract from a work, 
entitled ** Remaines coiiceriiinge Brit- 
taine/* date 1614, said to proceed 
from the pen of our learned Histo- 
riographer, Camden. 
Yours, &c. W. H.— S. B. S.. 

"Our age is not only faulty: our aun- 
ccstuurs haue cgmplained, we complainey 
and our posterity will complaine, that 
manners are corrupted, that naugbti- 
nesse raignetb, and all t binges waxtf 
worse and worse. But thosA thinges do 
stay and shall stay, onely tossed a littl* 
to and fro, euen as the bijlowes of the 
siea. In one age there will be more 
adulterers, in another time there will 
be exct'«siue riot in banquet tiiucF-, in 
another while, stranc;e garmenting of 
tiie body, not without deformitie of the 
minde. At another time malapert bokl- 
nes^e wilt square it out : in anotlier a^ 
cruelty and fury of ciuil warre will 
flashe out, and sometime carowainor and 
drunkennesse will be counted a bravery. 
So vices doe ruffle among themselves, and 
usurpe one u))on another. A« for us, 
we may say alwaifs of ourselves, wn 
are evilt. There have bin evill, and 
evitl there will l>e. There wilt l^e al* 
waies tyrants, murderers, theeves, adul- 
terers, extortioners, church - robbecf, 
traitours, and other of the same, rable- 
ment." — Camden's Remaines, page 237. 

*^* The follo«inec memorandum oc- 
curs in the MS^. of the late Mr. George 
Cat(v>tt, the Bristol Antiquary : 

** The Parish Church and Steeple of 
St. Nicholas, in Bristol, being very 
ruinous and greatly decayed, an Act of 
Parliament was procured for rebuilding 
them; and Dec. 13, 1769, I laid the top 
stone of the new Steeple, in presence 
of a great number of spectators ; and in 
a cavity cut for that purpose, placed two 
pieces of bard-metal pewter, each five 
inches square, on one of which was very 
deeply engraved the following inscrip-* 
tion: — 'Summum hujusc^ Turria Sancti 
Nicholai Lapidem posiiit, mense Decern* 
bris. Anno Domiiit 1769, Georgius Cat- 
cott, Phito-Arcbitectus, Reverendi Alex- 
andri Symes Catcott filius.* — The in** 
scriptionon the other piece was as uikler: 

' Barbara Pyramiduni sileat miracula 
Memphis, 
Pyrarais hajc verae est Religionis opus.' 
The height of this Steeple is 1 IS feet; 
the height of the tower B8 feet 6; total 
from the surface of the buryinff-ground»- 
200 feet 6 inches.'^ 

Mr. 



1817.] Garsington, Oxon. — Eemains of Uichhorough Castle. 

Mr. Urban, June 4. lire the remaini of ^ CoUege built by 

GARSlNGtON is a \iJiage of Sir Thomas Pope for the Members of 
considerable size, iii the hun- Trinitj College, Oxford, sLfi an asjium 
d red of BuUiogdoD, county of Oxford, io which tbej might securely prose- 
and distaot 5 or 6 miles from that . cute their studies, whep the City was 
city. It appears to have beeu a place infested by the Plague » and a few 
of some importance so early as the paces from this building stands the 
time of Edward I. ; as we nnd that Manor-house, a spacious and interest- 
John de la Mare was suromoiied tD mg 'structure. Of these, with your 
Parliament, as Baron of Garsiiigton, permission, Mr. Urban, 1 purpose at 
in the 28th year of that MoAarch^s a future opportunity, to renew my 
reign. Its 9ituation is healthy and notice. X. 
pleasant, stauding on the summit and — ^ 
declivity of a range of hioh ground Mr. Urban, June 18. 
whidhabutson the South side of Shot- TTAVIN6 visited the remains of 
over Hill; it has also the advantage JtX Richborough Castle, near Sand- 
of much wood, which, combined with . wich, m the county of Kent, in the 
its irregularity of site, is the cause month of February, 1816, and re- 
of great picturesque variety in itself, collecting the great imj>ortance which 
independent' of the beautiful and ex- was attached to this fori ^est in the 
tensive' prospects it enjoys over the earlier periods of our history, I beg 
adjacent country. The Church is l6ave to offer you a description of its 
situated at its South-eastern extre- present state. 

mity, on a bbid and commanding emi- The walls, though much dilapi* 
nence. The Parochial Cross (of dated, are ^et of considerable height, 
which a representation is given in and 12 feet fn thickness, enclosing yi 
the FraHtUpiece to this Volume) large piece of corn land, about two 
stands oii agreen iu the most elevated acres ; and preient to the eye a mag- 
part of the village; it has suffered nificent ruin. The Castle is situated 
the substitution oi a modern lihial. to on an eminence, overlooking the 
its tbafC, but in other respects retains town of Sanduich, and at a distance 
its original »;<pearance: in this View of about two miles from it. In its 
the antient Tower of the Church is perfect state it appears to have been 
seen rising above ihe tree.x on the an exact square, of wiiich only three 
left; between the Church 'lower and sides at present remain, the fourth 
the Cross, the Whitttiiham Hills (the having sunk down with the cliffl 
Sinodun of the Romans) appear in The walls are composed of large 
the distance: at their base the Isis beach stones and flints, well cemented 
reccires the waters cf (he tr'butary and interspersed at stated distances, 
Thame, and the united stream be- of about four feet, with layers of Ro- 
conoes the Thames. In the distance, man brick*. A small silver coin of 
on the right of the CrobS, are seen Julius Cesar, which was dug up with- 
the outskiits ot the wood and plan- out the walls, is in my po&2>cssion. 
tatioos of Nuueham-Courtcnay, the This Castle, according to some 
elegant seat of Earl Harcourt. Historians, was founded by that Era- 
Garsin^'ton possesses some interest- peror in the vear 55 ; others state it 
iog specimens of antient domestic ar- to have been built by Vespasian, as a 
chitecture: one of these forms the citadel or defence to the Roman city 
subject of the lower View in the same ' of Rulupiae, which formerly stood 
Plate. I could gain no other infor- without the walls upon the adjacent 
mation on the spot, than that it was lands; but this Caistle is now the only 
haunted, to corn-borate which se- vestige remaining, except the scarcely 
veral incidents were recited; to this perceptible remains of the Ampbithe- 
opinion 1 believe it is indebted for atre. 

the preservation of its •iuriounding The river Stour, whfch divides the 

wall, entrance and octangular sum- isle of Thanet from the other part of 

nier-house, 'all coeval with the house Kent, rises about a mile belo**/ Rich- 

itself. As the whole, however, is suf- borough ; and the sea, which in later 

fering from time and neglect, and years has receded, appears formerly 

probably may not remain entire much to have flowed up nearly to it. 

longer, the View here attached may Yourf, &c. G.O. P. T. 

not be uninteresting^. Near the Church ♦ f5ee Blbl. Top. Brit., No.XX^I. 

Gent. Mag. Ji«/y, 1817.' COM- 

2 



[ 10 ] 
COMPE^fDllrM OF COUNTY HISTORY. 

HEREFORDSHIRE. 

SITUATION AND EXTENT. 

Boundaries, North, Salop. East, Worcester. South, Gloucester aod Mon- 
mouth. West, Brecknock and Radnor. 

Greatest length 38; greatest breadth 35; circumference }20i square 1221 
miles. 

Province, Cauterburj. Diocese, Hereford. Circuit, Oxford. 

ANTIENT STATE AND REMAINS. 
British Inhabitants. Silures. 
Roman Province. Britannia Secunda. — Stations, Magna, Kentchester ; Ari- 

conium, near Ross; Bravinium, Brandon. 
Saxon Heptarchy. Mercia. 

Antiauities. Cromlech, called King Arthur's tablet. Clawdd Offii, or Offa's 
ayke. Herbvord Cathedral, College, Black Friers Cross or Stone 
Pulpit, White Frier's Cross. Dore and Wigmore Abbeys. Madley 
Church crypt. Cathedral and Canon Peon fonts. Brampton Brian, 
Clifford, Huntingdon, Goodrich, Loogtown, Lyon's Hall, Wigmore and 
Wilton Castles. 
In the Cathedral were enshrined the renjaios of Ethelbert, Kins of Bast 
Anglia, murdered by Offa ; and or its Bishop, St. Thomas de Cantilupe, whii 
died 1282, and was the last English Prelate on whom was conferred fhe ho- 
nour of canonization. No less than 425 miracles are said to have been per- 
formed at his tomb ; and so great was his reputation, that his successors 
changed the antient arms of the see, which were those of St. Ethelbert, to the 
paternal bearings of Cantilupe, which latter are contitoued to this day. 

At Hereford was a house of Friers of the order of St. Anthony of Vienna, 
whose principal care was to serve those afflicted with St. Anthony's fire, a 
disorder so named fronft the relics of that Saint being considered as particu- 
larly efficacious in its cure. They came into England about 1225, and had 
only one other house (at London) in this kingdom. 

At Monnington, in obscurity, Sept. 20, 1415, died and ^as buried, the 
enterprising Welsh chieftain, Owen ap Gryffydd fychan, commonly called 
Owen Glendour. - 

PRESENT STATE AND APPEARANCE. 

Rivers. Arrow, Dore, Escle, Frome, Gamar, Garran, Hothoiy^ Leddon, 
Loden, Lugg, Munnow, Olchron, Pinsley or Oney , Teroe, Wadel, Werine, 
and Wye — 

** Meander, who is said so intricate to be, 

Has not so many turns and crankling nooks as she.^ Drayton. 

Inland Navigation, Hereford and Gloucester, Leominster Canals. Wye 
river. 

Eminences and Views, Malvern and Hatteril Mountains. Ross Church, 
Symond's Yate, Wigmore Castle, St. Mary's Knoll. Aconbury, Brad- 
nor, Brieriey, Capler, Coppedwood, Creden, Cusop, Darbold, Dinmore, 
"Dog, Doward, Dynedor, Eaton, Frome, Garraway, King Arthur's, 
La^ Lift, Marcle, Marshey, Mawbach, Saddlebow, Stockley, Tilling- 
ton, Wall and Wormesley hills. 

Natural Curiosities, Scenery of the Wye, particularly at Goodrich Castle, 
Symond's Yate, and the New Wear. — Richard's Castle bone well, Mal- 
vern holy wells. 

Seals, Earl of Essex, Lord Lieutenant of the County. 

Belmont, John Matthews, esq. Eastnor Castle, Lord Somers. 

Berrington Park, Lady Rodney. Eywood House, Earl of Oxford. 

Burghope, Turberville, esq. Foxley, Uvedale Price, esq. 

Croft, Somerset Davies, esq. Garnons,4lir Joba Geers Cotterel, bt. 

Downton Castle, Richard Payne Jl^mpton Court, Richard Arkwright, 
Knight, esq. eiq. 

Hare- 



18 1 7.] Compendium cf the History of Herefordshire. 1 1 

Harewood, Sir Hungerford Heskynf, Meend, The, Tbomas Symondf, eiq. 

^arl. Moccas Court, Sir George CorawaU, 

Home Lacj, Docbefs Dowagei* of bart. 

Norfolk. Rotberwai, Charles Bodenham^ ctq. 

Hope EDd, Sir Henry Tempest, bar|. Sbobden Court, William Haobufv, 
Keptcburch Court, Richard Philip esq. 

Scildaraore, esq. Stoke Edith, Edi?ard Foley, taa, 

Longworth, Robert Phillips, esq. Wear, The, William Parry, esq. 

Members io Parliament, For the County, 3 ; Hereford, S i Leominster, »| 

Weobley,.2| totals. 
Produce, Apples, Pears, Hops, Wool, Cattle, Com, Wood. 
Manufactures. Leather, Gloves, Flannels, Hats, Iron. 

POPULATION. 

Hundreds^ \\\ Parijihes^ 221 ; MarkeUtowns, 7 ; Houses^ 19,296. 
inhabitants* Males, 46,404 ; Females, 47,669 ; total 94,073. 
Families employed in Agriculture, 12,599; in Trade> 5,044; in neither, 
2,438 I total, 20,081. 

Baptisms. Males, 1353; Females, l^OS.—Marriages, esS.-^Burials, Males. 
853 { Females, 832. 

Towns having not lais than 1000 inhabitants, viz. 

Houses. Inbab. Houses. Inhab. 

Hereford(principal city)l,668 7,306 Kington , . .341 1,617 

Leominster 764 3,238 Pembridge 288 1,135 

J-cdbury 625 3,136 Bromyard.. 244 1,101 

Ross 556 2,261 

Total, Towns, 7 j Houses, 4,486; Inhabitants, 19,794. 

HISTORY. 

A..D. 51, on Cox wall Knoll, near Brampton Brian, Caractacus defeated, bis 
wife, daughters, and brothers, taken prisoners by Ostorius Scapula, the 
Roman generaJ, to whom Caractacus himself was afterwards aeliTered 
by Cartisraandua, Queen of the Brigantes. 

792, at Sutton Walls, Ethelbert, King of East Anglia, treacherously mur- 
dered by Offa, King of Mercia, who had iuvited him to his palace to 
marry his daughter. « 

939, at Hereford, tne Britons agreed to pay an increased tribute to Athelstan. 

1055, near Hereford, Ranulph, its Earl, defeated, the city afterwards taken, 
the cathedral burnt, and its Bishop slain by Gryffydd, Prince of Wales. 

1141, Hereford, under William Talbot, its Earl (a partizan of the Empress 
Maud), taken by Stephen, who entered with great pomp, and sat crowned 
in the cathedral. 

1263, at Hereford, the first act of hostility by the Barons against Henry III. ; 
Peter Aqua Blanca, its Bishop, being seized by them, confined, and after- 
wards expelled the kingdom. 

1265, at Widemarsb, near Hereford, Ms^y 28, Prince Edward (afterwards Ed- 
ward I.), having tired the horses of his guards by racing, jumped on a 
fresh horse, and escaped from the power of the Earl of Leicester. 

1326, at Hereford, the parliament assembled, which, under the influence of 
the Queen Isabella, and her paramour Mortimer, deposed Edward II. ; 
and by her order Hugh de Spencer the younger, Edward's favourite, and 
Sir Simon de Reding, hanged, and Edmund Earl of Arundel beheaded. 

1401, near Wigmore, Edmund Mortimer, Earl of March, defeated, and in 
personal combat taken prisoner by* Owen Glendour. 

1404, near Leominster, Owen Glendour's army dispersed by Henry Prince of 
Wales, afterwards Henry V. 

1461, at Mortimer^s Cross, Feb. 2, Jaspar Earl of Pembroke and Lancas- 
trians defeated, and 3800 men slain by Edward Mortimer, Earl of March 
(afterwards Edward IV.) when Owen Tudor, husband of Catharine of 
France, and grandfather to Henry VII. was taken prisoner, and shortly 
afterwards beheaded at Hereford. 

1553, OD Curnab Hill, ne^r Leominster, the adherents of Lady Jane Grey 

defeated 



12 Compendium of the Historic of Herefordshire^ [ Jaly^ 

defeated by Hobby Weiwayn aDd Throckmorton, at the bead of Mary's 

partizaDs. 
1643, Hereford given up to Sir WiUiam Waller and the parliamentarians, 

through the cowardice of Sir B4chard Cave and Colonel Herbert Price. 
1645, Hereford, which had been re-taken by Barnabas Scudamore, successfully 

defended by him in a siege of above a month^againtt the Earl of Leven 

and the Scots. 

BIOGRAPHY. 

Beale^ John, philosopher, author on Cyder, l7th century. 

Blount, Thomas, author on Manorial Tenures, Orleton (died 1679«) 

Breton, John, Bp. of Hereford (died 1275.) 

Cftrpenter, George Lord, general, Victor at Preston, Pitcher's Ocule, 1667. 

Clifford, Rosamund, mistress of Henry II. Clifford. 

Clive, Catharine, comic actress, Hereford, 1711. 

Coningsby, Sir Thomas, founder of Hospital at Hereford, Hampton Court 
(died 1052.) 

Cornwall, James, captain, nayal hero, Hereford, 1699. 

Davies, John, penman and poet, Hereford (died 1618.) 

DarBRBvx, Robert, Bart of Essex, faTourite of Elizabeth, Nethcrwood, 
1567. 

Baton, Adam de, Cardinal, scholar (died 1379.) / 

Edwin, Mary, Lady Dering, beautiful and amiable, Hereford, 1 650. 

Ely, Humphrey, Roman Catholic divine (died 1604.) 

Garrick, Datid, *^ English Roscius," Hereford, 1716. 

GerthiDge, Richard, penman, Hereford, 17th century. 

Grandesson, John, Bp. of Exeter, Ashperton (died 1369.) 

Guillim, John, herald, Hereford, 1565. 

Gwynne, Eleanor, actress, mistress of Charles II. Hereford, 1640. 

Hackluyt, Richard, compiler of** Yoyages," Eaton, about 1553. 

Harley, Hon. Edward, Auditor of the Imprest, benefactor, Brompton Brian, 
1664. 

Havard, William, song«writer, author of <' Banks 'of the Lugg," Hereford, 
1734. 

Hereford, Roger of, author of Judicial Astrology (flor. 1170.) 

Kyrle, John, ** the man of Ross," died 1724, set; 90; 

Lawrence, Stringer, East Indian Major General, Hereford, 1697. 

Lempster, or Leominster, William^ divine, Leominster. 

Lbngmore, Edward, '* Herefordshire Colossus,'^ 7 ft. 6 in.- faigb (died 1777.) 

Orleton, Adam de, Bp. of Winchester, Orleton (died 1345.) 

Ross, John, Bp. of Exeter, Ross, 1719. 

Smith, Miles, Bp. of Gloucester, one of the translators of the Bible, Here- 
ford, 1550. 

MISCELLANEOUS REMARKS. 

In Brampton Brian Church, is entombed the famous Lord High Treasurer, 
Robert Harley, first Earl of Oxford, founder of the Harleian Library, and 
in Tiltey Church, his brother. Auditor Harley, founder of Brampton Brian 
Khool. 

In Dore Church-yard lies its Rector and Historian, Matthew Gibson. 

Downton Castle is the residence of Richard Payne Knight, Esq. author of 
the ** Landscape," *^ Progress of Civil Society," &c. ; and Foxley, of Uvedale 
Price, Esq. author of " Essays on the Picturesque." 

Home Lacy was the seat of the Scudamores, of whom Sir James was the 
legendary ** Sir Scudamore" of Spenser's ** Faerie Queen.'*' — His son, created 
by Charles I. Viscount Scudamore, first cultivated and introduced the ** Red 
Streak" Apple. — In this house Pope, when yisitine the last Viscount, wrote 
bis *' Man of Ross," and in it is preserved a portrait of the great Lord Straf- 
ford, copied from Vandyck in crayons by Pope. 

In Hope Church was interred Sir Thomas Coningsby, founder of the hos- 
pital that bears his name in Hereford, for worn-out soldiers and super- 
annuated servants. 

At logeslon House, Serjeant Hopkyns entertained James I« with a Morrice 
dance, performed by 10 persons, whose united ages exceeded 1000 years. Of 

this 



I8f1^<] ' HeTtlhrAl/kit^''^JSkbseripHM$^ f^ 



thit«iiefrorifie»tOffi,*'«iFd1»rcatfk^heb,]UitlbWi^'wtt Hl>^eli he 
danced, uid IWed t\ jean after.-^At Eaton, in Febrnarjr 1800^ dkA mkrgw * i 
retMajppf^agffdllV. . > * " 

At Ledtorf, in ITM^died old Jacob Tonion the bookteller (the iabjec| 
of a aattrkaf triplet bj Dnfdcfn), on wboilb #af vrritten an epitaph in tlfii- 
Magasine for Febmai^ 17)6, which- was cloielj copied by Fri^in' in bli 
^itapli oo himielf.' 

At Marde, Feb. 7, 1575, about two aeretof lan^ were detach^ from the 
side of the hill, and destroyed the chapd of Kydatton in its fall.-7-Slr llicbali 
Baker, in hts^^Chronidet," gravelj tajfstbat the hill ketit walking from Sa- 
tordaT CTcning 'till Monday noon, wfj^enit stood still *! f Philliflrs{who lief 
buried in Hereford Cathedral) meatioos the wonder in his Bng^lish Geoivic, 
•• Cyder," * ' *. ' 

Adam de Orleton was a priutipal Hj^t for Queen Isabella, ** she-wolf of 
France,** and Mortimer, hi the dejp»omion ofSdwird II. i and conniving at , 
hia murder, addressed his keepers m the famous enigma : 

** Bdwardum regem o ^c ktei te noltte tlmert bortum Mt,* * 
which, if pointed after *' nofite,*' dissuades from 4he murder i ^ut, if after 
** timere^" incites to its cortiiliission>— In Orletou Chnrch %atbaried its na» 
tite Blount, author of *< Fragmenta Antiquitatis, or Antient Tenures and ' 
Customs," which was reprinted by Josiah Beckwith in 1784 and again by Mr. 
Beckwith'sson in 1815. 

At Ross is the house, the portrait, and the mouoment of the beneToleht 
John Kyrle, Toper's ** Man of Rossi'* bom in Oymock parish^ Blootcestershire. 

At WhilbOrne died and was buried, without ** moaument, inscription, or 
stone," the learned Bp. Godwin, author of '* De Prsesolibui AilgliieL" Btko. 

Mr. UasAir, June 17. For while the. work ^f .building 

YOUR zealous ezertipns iar pro- Chtirches is iefit 'to cootcwl with the 

moting the best' iutei'eits of inisting difficulties. It -will in general 

the Church of Bngland on all oc- be long retarded, if not entirw pre^ 

casions, induce 'ine to offi^r a fbw Tented, as the following case aound- 

hints to your numerous Readers re- antly ^irores, which, with your leave, 

specting the pressing necessity of lid- I state, and beg permission most 

ditional Churches in this Kingdom, humbly to request the favour of your 

and to state a case of distreis arising Readers to aid as far as poisiblel 
from an attempt to remove it. A commodious, plain, Gothic 

By information, which I have lately Church (see the Wood-cut) was buift 

received from the highest aiod most and coosecrated by His Grace ttU&i- 

unquestionable authority, it appears Archbishop of York, in the town of 

that there are about three hundred Bradford, Yorkshire, whose oume- 

new Churches wanted, in different rous, extensive, and increasing popu- 

partsof this kingdom, inconsequence iation (amounting, with the adjoin- 

of the increasing population of some ing villages, to about !20,000 inhabit* 

places, particularly m the Manufac- ants), could not be accommodated 

tnring Districts. Various plans have with room in the Parish Church. The 

been proposed for their erection; number of sittings in the new Church 

such as the formation of a Society is 1100, of which, upwards of 400 are 

for encouraging and assisting Indi- wholly FaES for the poor. 

Tiduals or Bodies who are disposed ,ru ^ ^ * ^ ^ 

^^ K..:ij ♦k^.^ -« »».:^.. .n<i 1^.- -^ The amount of money ex- £» s. 4, 

to build them; an easier and less ex- „«„j^j :„ ;*„ o^««»;«« ;» t. /ino t a 

J r 11 &• L pended in Its erection IS... 5,408 7, o 

Smsive mode of collectmg money by "^ ' • « 
riefs; an application to Parliament The amount of a first and 
for some legal redress; or a more ge- second Subscription of 
Bcral mode of raising Subscriptions the inhabitants, assist- 
throughout the Kingdom among the e^ and augmented with 
friends of the Church. That some- Donatio.is from disin- 
thii^ should be soeedily done, is un- ^^''^^^^^^ Gentlemen »»3,982 10 ii 

deniable, and I jiumhl^ hope that ^he Amount of the de- 

some of your judicious Correspond. ^^j^^^y ^ 425 ^g ^ 

cnts will furnish us with their opi^ ' _J 

•ions on this subject. 

The 



The FreeCkwrck at Bradford* Yorkibire. 



[Joly; 



Th« CMDnillce, ippointed at a Id aoj araoDot, will be moit Ibaok- 

Generil HeetiB^ of the Subicriben, fullj n ' ' ' ' 

under ohoie direction the Churcli '' " 
wa) erected, were obliged to bor- 
row thii lum fur the purpote of pa;- 

iD£ the Workmen, the Interctt of Fleet-itreet i Sir Peter Pole and Co. 



wKiek U deducted from the 
Rent: Tbii d^uctiun from tbe en- 
dowinent ii, and routt be, an into- 
lerable burden i and whilit it cod- 
tiuuei, the Church it rendered inca- 
Dable of pajing ili waj. 

therefore hoped that an an- 



Barthulomew-lanei MeMn. RrriM* 
too, BookwIIer), St.Paul'i ChurcS> 
;ard i Mr. UaMhard, 190, Piccadill*. 
LondoD ) and bj the Rot. J. Fennell, 
Curate of the iBid Free Church ^t 
Bradford in Yorkihire. 

In concluiioD, I odIj add. that Ibe 
peal to Briliib benevolence, for the aboTC ii a caie of reoZ-and urgent He- 
purppte of li^uidatinfr thli debt, will cattitj, reipediog which 1 iball be 
Dot be made id vain. While almoit happy to give the tnoit. satiifactorj 
everj/oreign call unon oar bounty reference) and explanation*, and for 
i* beard, inrelT thii humble entreaty which I iball deem it an honour to 
for rfonMlic help will not reroaia un- receive Donalinni. W">. HoaoAir, 
heeded. SubtcriptiuDi or Donation, Incumbeia of the Rtt Chvreh, Brai^e^ 






PLAN OF THE GROUND FLOOR. 










1 . 


i 








1 
































































,!■ 










) 
























J, 


i 
























1 


1 







I' 


* 



































































The ietted Senis me altfrteftr Hit Pour. 



1«17.] 



Smis to remedy our present Necessities, 



15 



Mr. Urban, Maekney^ May 1 9. « 

WRITERS OD Political (Econo- 
my have advaoced '* thai the 
wealth of a State it the number of 
lit inhabitauts.*^ I confesi it has often 
puzzled me how «uch an infereuce 
can be drawn, when I daily hear of 
the aitoatioo we are in from the ex- 
cess of our Population to the means 
of existence. Not only myself, but 
every one, not excepting the mem- 
bers of the Legislature, seem puz- 
zled also how to remedy the ' pre- 
sent evils, and the present necessities. 
Every reflecting mind means well, 
however they may fail in their at- 
tempts to palliate the grievance. To 
retrace our steps for twenty- five years, 
seems one way to meet the evil : — to 
reduce large farms into small ones — 
to promote a general frugality of 
living — and to oring back the value 
of money to the standard of that 
time, seem to be the three general 
principles to place us more on a le-* 
vel with our neighbours on the Con- 
tinent, and fit us for that increase of 
rivalry we must experience from them 
in our commercial pursuits. We know 
that frugalitv in expenditure enables 
an individual "to bear up*' against 
many untoward evils — and in trade 
against competition : if every indivi- 
dual would adopt this, we should soon 
find a national advantagederivedfr.om 
it. The landholder would be content 
with reduced rents, the merchant 
with reduced exports, and the trader 
with reduced profits. It mu§t come 
to this, and we may as well set about 
it cheerfully as not. 

Daring the War (thanks to our 
Navy) we carried on what was cal- 
led, in the dialect of the Exchange, 
" a roaring trade:" grass grew in 
the streets of Amsterdam, whilst 
the rentals of houses in Loudou 
were trebled, and their number in 
and about it doubled; we must now 
content ourselves to lessen these ex- 
pences, for to a certainty, London 
and Amsterdam will be more upon a 
level; England and her Continental 
neighbours will draw nearer alike. 
When the Emperor Alexander stood 
with his arms foided across his 
breast at the Iron bridge at Wap- 
ping, looking down the Thames, what 
were his reflections for 10 minutes, 
whilst his attention seemed riveted 
to the spot ? *' I am looking at a Ri- 
ver that has formed the aggrandize- 
ment of this great C ity, —-contempt- 



ible in size, when compared tt> the 
Neva. I am standing on a spot, form- 
ing a kingdom smaller in extent tlian 
one of the smallest provinces of my 
Empire ; and yet this spot is the only 
one in Europe which has not * bowed 
the knee to Baal,* which never recog- 
nized that Tyrant to whom we had 
all submitted; mnd whose sons at last 
were the instruments of his over- 
throw! — How is all this? Why, it is 
* Ships, Colonies, and Commerce.' '* 
No doubt that these, orsomething like 
them, were the reflections occupying 
his mind ; and no doubt can remam on 
our minds, but that every effort will 
be made, and if making, by all the 
Continental powers that can, to at- 
tain to the same means that we have 
done. And no doubt can remain on 
your Readers* minds, but the only way 
to meet it is, a scrupulous attention 
to those first principles I have laid 
down, to bring us on such a level 
of expenditure as to be able to meet 
them ; leaving the event to our in- 
genuity, perseverance, application. 
Shipping, Ports, and Cqlonies. How 
long has Odessa, for instance, been 
JLnown as a port in the Black Sea? 
and yet this .year 400 ' sail of ships 
Ibave clekr^ out- from it) and the 
Grand Duke Nichol^is was there pre- 
vious 16 his being here, giving that 
iattention, to if, that shews a fixed 
principle to encourage, by every pos- 
sible means, on the South-eastern ex- 
tremity of that vast Empice — ** Ships, 
Colonies, and Commerce.** Again^ 
to shew that attention is paid*, and 
will be paid, to these things, and that 
the impression is strongly fixed, we 
find the Emperor of Austria also has 
declared his Port of Trieste, in the 
Adriatic, free; it is now -filled with 
merchandize, and vessels of various 
descriptions are building. All States 
seem to rouse themselves from their 
long lethargy, during ^hich, our in- 
sular situation, our national energies, 
and our national ingenuity, gave us 
such manifold advantages, but which 
now, it is but reasonable to expect, 
must be lessened. 

To meet this change of circum- 
stances then well, will be the truest 
wisdom, and reduction must be the 
rule that all must learn. We are not, 
however, to confine ourselves entirely 
to it, but to look around us, and see 
if we cannot make up for our re- 
duced commercial relations with Eu- 
rope, and with America^Tfor America 



IS 



16 Chlmies and Commerce.^ Deathhy Ftmies of burning Coal. [July^ 



is Dot, Dor ever will be, a sincere ally to 
Britain % she is not content with im- 
mense regions to people, with a yast 
line of coast to navigate, and keep 
by these means free from European 
politics; but she will attempt, and 
she does attempt, a rivalry. 

To embrace the times as they are, 
to be placid with the events as they 
.turn up, seems to be (circumstanceo 
as we are) the truest wisdom ; and 
after resolviug, one and all, to work 
the rule of reduction individaaliy, we 
may permit ourselves to take an ex- 
tensive range of thought towards a 
future benefit ; and here 1 would beg 
leave to submit to your Readers- 
Colonization. Soame Jenyns once 
•aid, ** tbe East and West Indies were 
two great wings, that would one day 
fly away with little Britain." An Ame- 
rican once said to me on his own Con- 
tinent, *< I vow the Old Country is 
ruined — 'tis gone." Now I deny both 
these assertions. Britain will remain 
Britain, if her sons will continue pru- 
dent. 1 now beg leave again to 
draw your Readers^ attention, not to 
•* wings," but to " feathers ;" not to 
Continents of such vast extent, but to 
islands, or to such local situations as 
afford reasonable grounds for great 
advantages to us. 

Tbe Southern Archipelago, and the 
Southern extremity of Africa, open 
a wide field for colonization and for 
commerce. The small Island of Trisr 
tan D*Acunha, W. by S. of the Cape 
of Good Hope, about a week's sail, 
is now peopled with 500 settlers, and 
vines are planting, every effort mak- 
ing to be productive. Many other 
islands in that hemisphere increase 
the field for active attention i and the 
late information from the Governor 
of New South Wales is another field for 
energy ; a superabundant population 
in a contracted spot may thus be 
found the means of " enriching a 
state ;" alms, poor's rates, and idle- 
ness, cannot do it : not idleness from 
principle, I beg leave to add, but 
from want of employment. And 
there certainly is a prospect, through 
the means of Colonization, of employ* 
ing our thoughts and our talents well, 
to the improvement of our com- 
merce and our navigation, without 
which neither the landed nor the 
moneyed interest can long be in a 
flourishing condition. What has rais- 
ed Britain to her present height 
among the nations, mutt be the meant 

2 



of maintaining her in her exalted ti- 
.tuation — an excellent Constitution — 
an active principle — and << Ships, Co- 
lonies, ana Commerce." 
Yours, &c. Tho. Walters. 

M r. Urb A ir , Shrewshury^ June 1 9. 

I^HE enclosed Inscription, which 
I transcribed from a lar?e 
grave-stone . erected in the Church- 
yard of St. Nicholas in Warwick, com- 
memorates an event of the most dis- 
tressing kind, which happened in Mel- 
low's-iane, in that town, on Sunday 
night, the 19th of November, 1815; 
I send it for insertion in your widely 
circulated Museum, in hopei it may 
put people on tbeir guard, and pre- 
vent a recurrence of similar disasters. 
Yourt, &c. D. Parkes. 

^* Beneath this stone, in one grave, lie 
interred the remains of Oliver Newey, 
aged 38, late a private in the Warvvick- 
shire Militia; of Rebecca his wife, aged 
49 ; and of Jambs, their only child, aged 
13, who were all tuffocated in the night 
of Nov. 19, 1815, by t\ke fumes of hum- 
ing coal, which they had incautiously 
placed, on retirmg to rest, in tbeir cham- 
ber. This monument to the memory 
of a brave Associate in Arms is erected 
by a few of his military comrades, in tes- 
timony of their high respect for his cba- 
raciter as a good soldier, and an honest 
man ; and with the ardent hope of hold- 
ing forth, in the awful death of three 
unfortunate sufferers, a salutary caution 
to the living. Reader! if ignorant, be in- 
structed ; — or, if instructed, be warned, 
by the melancholy event recorded on 
this stone : and use your utmost endea- 
vours to inform your fellow- creatures 
that the sure and dreadful consequence 
of breathing contaminated air, arising 
from burning fuel, in confined apart* 
ments, is imtatitaneous suffocation" 

*^* A. Friknd to Accuracy is pos- 
sessed of *'The Works of Flavius Jose- 
pbuR, translated by H. Jackson, Gent. 
London. Printed and Sold by D. Henry, 
at the Printing Office, the corner of Red 
Cross Alley, in Jewin Street, 1732," fo- 
lio. It appears to have been published 
by Subscription, and in Numbers. He 
wishes to know whether the Printer was 
the respectable David Henry, who, for 
more than half a century was actively 
concerned in the management of the 
Gentleman's Magazine, as no mention 
is made in the Biographical notices of 
him in Vol. LXII. thereof. Part i. p. 578, 
and Part ii. pp. 691, 697, of his having 
at any time resided or carried on his 
business In Jewin Street. 

Mr. 



X 



IS 1 7.1 Spots on the Sun. — Cure for the Bite of a Mad Dog, 1 7 

Mr. Urbaw, ExHer^ March 29. 

THE Spots on the Sun having ex- 
cited much of the public atten* 
lion ill the coume of the lasl few 
moiithf, I was frequently induced to 
make a drawing of their appearance. 
With this 1 8« nd jou a lelection from 
a number of obiierTation^, by which 
it will be seen how irregular they are 
in size, nuiul>er, and position; that 
fhey tend not to. any particular di- 
rectioOft but yary every day: they 
appear th be opaque masses of mat- 
ter attracted by the sun, continually 
floating wilhin its atmosphere, and 
Dot, as some suppose, any part of 
the bod/Df the Sun itself; for on- the 
6th o^this month I p(rticuU\rly no- 
ticed the two oblong spots^pii the 
South-eastern li-i b, which appeared 
with a shade on one side of each of 
them, as if they were less dense on 
the edf^e next to the Sun^s dislL than 
on their inner ed^e. 

The sp^fs have not, I think, any. 
immediate influence on the weather; 
as it may be noticed that .when we 
experienced a violeAt storm of wind 
and rain on the 20th of January, 
they were much scattered, yet they 
are not more compact on other dajfs 
just before and after, when the wea-. 
tber was settled. 

I would remark that, at present, 
they are very small, and probably oc- 
cupy altogether much less space on 
the Sun than I hey did in the Summer 
months of the last year. M. B. 



Mr. Urban, Julj/ 1. 

THE celebrated Physician Dr. 
Mead some years aofo printed 
and dispersed a Paper, intituled, ** A 
Certain Cure for the Bite of a Mad 
Dog." In referring to I his Paper in 
his Essay " Of the Mad Dog,'' con- 
tained in his ** Mechanical Account 
of Poisous, London, L747,'* Dr. Mead 
says, 

** 1 can safely affirm, that I havp never 
known this method to fail of success, 
where it has been followed before the 
Hydrophobia began : although in the 
course of about thirty years (b«*sides 
the experience made by others, both in 
town and country) I have used it a 
thousand times. 1 have often vvished 
that 1 knew so certain a remedy in any 
other disease: I shall thereiorQ give the 
reasons of this method.*' 

Gent. Mao. Jufjf^ 1817. . 



After mentioning^ ** the roost con- 
siderable medicines, whi^h have been 
formerly used in ' this case/' he con- 
tinues, 

" From hence it appears, that the 
surest remedies in all ages against this 
venom have b^eh such a«> provoke a 
gres^ discfailrge by urine. Rt fleet in; 
uj9oh this, I thouo^ht it must be ri<rht to 
give to the pu^tek- a course easily to 
be pursued, which by preventing the 
fever for a long time after the bite> 
and constantly promoting this evacu- 
ation, might secure the patient from 
danger. The method i^; this : 

' Let the patient be blooded at tha 
arm nine or ten oimce?. TaV.e of cue 
herb, called in Latin. Li'-hf-n cin^reus 
terrestris, in Englisii Ash^eolifured ground 
liverwort y cleaneii, dried, and powdered, 
half an ounce. Of blaok Pepper powdered 
two dracbms. Mix these well together^ 
and divide tlie powder into four doses,' 
one of which must be taken everv morn- 
ing, fasting, for four mornings succes- 
sively, in haK a pint of cow's milk 
warm. After these tour doses are taken, 
the patient must go into the cold bath, 
or a cold . spring, or river, every morn- 
ing, fasting, for a month; he must be 
dipped all over, but not stay in (with 
bis head above water) longer tban half 
a minute, if the water be very cold. 
After this be must go in three times a. 
week for a fortnight longer.' 

** This powder was first published in 
the Philosophical Transactions from Mr. 
Dampier, in whose family it had been 
kept as a secret many years : and in 
the year 1721, it was, at my desire, put 
into the Phannacop Lond. by tlie name 
of Pulvis antilyssus. 1 afterwards made 
this alteratioi: only, of putting two parts 
of Lichen to. one of Pepper, instead of 
equal parts, because 1 thought it too 
hot: and whereas but two or three 
doses of it were formerly given, 1 repeat- 
ed it four days." 

See ** A Mechanical Account of Poi- 
sons, in several Essays, by Richard 
Mead, M.D. Coll. Med. Lond. and 
R. S. S. Physician to his Majesty. 
The fourth Edition corrected. Lon- 
don, 1747." 8vo. 

This extract may possiMv find ad- 
mission into your Miscellany, if it is 
not already recorded in it. The Uecipe 
may at this season particularly ba 
worth attending to: at least the Ex- 
tract may remind your Readers of the 
existence of a book which contains 
much curious iuformatioQ* 

Yours, &c. T. L. ' 

Mr« 



3 



y» Waterloo Literature. IMfi 

Mr. n&BAir» Jul^2. of Juae, we are, I preiiiiiie» to con* 

YO0 ha?e doubtless heard of fFa- sider this letter as sent before it w^ti 

terloo ^Faltzes^ fTaterloo Bon- written, or some such extraordinary 

nets, Waterloo Shoesj &c. but not event, far beyond the commou courM^ 



i' 



et perhaps of fVaterloo Literature, of things. 

ly this term is meant a narratory We are next told that Bnoniiparto 

style, which resembles the pell-mell ascended the Observatory, tbougkkft^ 

of tbe Battle, and consists in bulls, is plain that there were no nieaof of 

erroneous dates, and writing history, so doin^, and that the report of bit 

without collation of tbe incidents, oic guide disproves the fact, 

examination of opposing aulhorities. Napoleon put himself at Ibe hcaA 

Its general principle is, to give ea> of his guard, consisting of Jfft^cm 

parte evidence a grand display, that hundred men : to whicb tlie Ene- 

the Reader may have the pleasure of ni}, greatly diminished in nunshecs^ 

finding it contradicted as he proceeds, could offer no eflieictuai resLstaocfp 

' The intention of this es^ay being As the guards amounted to fifleeu 

A jeu d^esprit^ the names of the au- thousands the. Compiler praves slia 

thors will not ilUnatu redly be given: to be a dealer in diminution of; num- 

but the Reader may be assured that bers, and in a large way. 

the passages really exist. In defiance of the guide's accooott 

The Battle commenced by the fa- Buonaparte is made to escape in hja 

mons attack upon the villa culled carriage, which is described as** acorn- 

here HoMgomont. The Literature also plete office, bedchamber, dreeing* 

begins with a misnomer: for it is room, eating-room, and kitcheo.** 

allowed upon all sides that Goumont This Iliad in a nutshell is thus coo* 

IS the true appellation. verted into an impossibility. Though 

A Paddy, who was an cye-wihiess Fielding says that stage- coachnaeA 

of this gallant affair, after an elegant consider human beings only as ba|(<i 

pleonasm, informing us that the in- g^ge, whom, without regard lo ^^ 

habitants fled to the forest of Soignes riations of size, by squeezing, tliof 

for security, " and in the hopes of compress into the most portabfe. 

saving their livesy* says, that <* our form, to avoid waste of roona^ jet 

froops retiring into the garden^ did they would scratch their ingeaious 

not yield one inch of^ their grounds heads for a resolution of this woodeN 

I'he same writer, speaking of the ful convenience. The fact ii^ it only. 



fruitless eflforts of the enemy, uses contained packages for various 

lhes(; words, *' at no period, during vices, which were taken' out and lo, 

the day, notwithstanding the heavy wherever Buonaparte stopped, aa 

masses of infantry and cavalry which they were wanted ; and were very in« 

were advanced against our centre, geniously stowed in the carriage, like 

time after time, he was never able & dressing-case, 
to force our position.*' In a French. account of the battle, 

I proceed from hence to a con- niention is made of the r^oc&^l shot* 

centrated account by an author, who of the English artillery. Riepck^t 

with peculiar felicity distinguishes shots mean those which bound along 

the Ex'Emperor by the elegant ap- the ground like the duck aud drake 

pellation of the Corsican. «port of boys upon ponds. Tbe 

The first thing I shall notice is an learned Compiler has converted t^ 

anarchy of dates and incidents, very cochet into rocket^ as the correct 

similar to the bull before quoted. It readings and accordingly made quite 

is a letter of the Marquis of Angle- a different material uf the imple* 

vea, in exculpation of his regiment, ment of war intended by the French 

the 7lh Hussar*:. writer. The following anecdote witt 

. This letter is dated Brussels, June illustrate the ingenuity of this con* 

% 1815, above a fortnight before the version. It is usual at the Uniyer-. 

battle alluded to: aud, notwithstand- sities, upon matriculation of a stu«! 

iu^, speaks of the 17lh and 18th of dent, to put down the father*! pro- 

Uiat month; as well as bears the sig- fession. A great lawyer, upon bis 

TK^iixve o^ Angleseuj woX oi Uxbridge, entrance, was required to state the 

\ow as ev^ry body knows that the. calling of his father. As he was a' 

battles of Quatre-bras.and Waterloo native of the Northern coal couotieti* 

Merit fought upon the 16th and 18th he replied, that his father was a 

fiUtr, 



1 817.] Waterioo Literature.----*^ JSiblioihecH Spenccriana." j 9 

the ground deserted hj the EagU^h 
▼oluntariJy. Upon ^his event, th« 
bulletin oliserveg, ** In tkis statu 9f 
affair$^ Ike battle was gained J'* From 
t^ie other accouuls by a French officer 
f on the statr, it seems to be a rulei 
f that, if the French penetrate within 
, the lines ol' the Enemy, whether they 
are able to maintain themselves theni 
or ntit, they are to be considered 
victorious. By the same logick, if 
a thief only enters a bouse, that 
house is already rxibbed s or, as tbo 
History of ike Emperor Alexander 
tells us he saved the life of a drown* 
ed marit the battle is won, and tliu 
dead are alive by means of anticipa^ 
lion only. A. B. C. • 



fitter^ an appellation ^iven to .a cer- 
tain vocation connected with the 
trade of the black diamonds. Fitter^ 
fitter! exclaimed the tutor; what is 
that ? put down fiddler. 

The Literature of the. Secretaries « 
the two great Masters of the Art o 
War who were^iipposed to each otbe r 
is equally amusing. 

The dispatch of our iilustrious 
Duke has, like his own victories, no 
tess than between forty and fifty nndi 
id it: we have, '* at daylight in the 
iHoYning,** instead of '* in the morn- 
ing at daylight:'* and, <* between that 
river and the Meuse, between the 
lOtJd and 14tb of the month,*' two 
betweens in one lines ** excepting by 
following with," instead of '* except 
by," dtc. — The disjunctive powers 
ol and are famously exhibited ia the 
following sentence: ^* aiuf having ob- 
served that the troops retired from 
t^e attack in great confusion 4 und 
that the march of Qeneral Buiow's 
corps by Frichemont upon Planche- 
ooit and La Beiie Alliance had be- 
gun to take effect; and as I could 
perceive the fire of his cannon^ and 
aa Marshal Blucher had joined in 

fierson," &c. *— Grose tells the foU 
owing story of poor Ames, the 
bibKographist. He had purf:hased a 
l>lock of the capital Ai and, in order 
to make a grand display af his ac<]ui- 
aition^ began bis Work with the con- 
junction ^Hdt tbough there was no 
j|>receding sentence. And and yet 
are the two great hacks of our lan- 
guage. Every body knows the ad- 
mirable illustratiim of ^1 in the 
Aristarcbus of Bircbr It is singular 
too, that the Buonapart6an bulletins 
-dibound with short seutences aod the 
English with long- winded paragraphs. 
But, be the Literature of our gallant 
fieroes what it may, as Victory has 
liestowed the laurels- instead of Apol- 
lo, long may they wear them in 
jbealth, honour, happiness, and the 
deep respect of their grateful Country! 
They will not take ill a good humour- 
ed joke. They are too high-miqded. 
The boxing bulletins are not moxe 
curious than those of the Ez-fimpe- 
ror. . Towards the end of the day, 
the bttke of Wellinglon, through loss 
c^men, fell back, to form a shorter 
lioe across the angle of the Nivelles 
siod Charleroi roads. This w.as not 
unnoticed by Napoleon, who ordered 
•fl advani^ of some corps, to. occupy 



mt^ 



Mr. U an A 11 , JEast Retford^ Sept. 1 9. 

IN the fourth volume of the Biblio? 
theca Spencerianp, Mr. Dibdiii 
states article 945 to be ^' Calendar 
.Hum Joannis Regiomontani, seu de 
rcgio Monte, Lat. Germ, printed m 
.1475, quarto;" and says, 'Vthat it ik 
not without reason that Panzer rtferf 
us to Schwarz for an account of thik 
very rare and curiotis, volume — and 
that it is equally evident from suck 
account that Panzer bad never sttB 
the latter part of it, which is printed 
in tbe Carman language, and is a 
version of the first part, printed iu 
Latin." I suppose that Mr. Dibditt 
meant to say that Schwarz, and nojt 
Panzer, bad never seen the German 
version ; the account of the book be^ 
ing Schwarz*s, and only referred to 
by Panzer. Be jthat as it may, I con- 
ceive that the Latin and the German 
versions described by Mr.Dtbdin are to- 
tally distinct publications by different 
printers { and I think tbat the German 
version being printed in a different 
type {Chancerif hand) from tbe La- 
tin version, and having the same cuts 
{repealed)^ is (independent of divers 
other circumsUnces bereafler in pan 
referred to) a sufficiently confirma* 
tory evidence of the fact. Before I 
enter upon the principal subject af 
this Letter (which is the description 
of what I believe to be the ediHo 
princeps of the same Work), I can- 
not help remarking^ that 1 judge the 
inference drawn by Mr. Dibdin frola 
the following quotations to be to- 
tally unsupported. Mr. Dibdin quotes 
from Schwari the following passage : 
** As the Calendar was v^rUtei^.^i 

Nurem- 



16 Cblontes and Chinmerce.' Death by Ftinies of burning Coal. [July, 

ii Boty Dor eirer will be, a sincere ally to 
Britain ) she ii not content with im- 
menie regions to people, with a vast 
line of coast to navigate, and keep 
by these means free from European 
politics; but she will attempt, and 
she does attempt, a riTalry. 

To embrace the times as they are, 
to be placid with the events as they 
.turn up, seems to be (circumstanced 
as we are) the truest wisdom ; and 
after resolving, one and all, to work 
the rule of reduction individually, we 
may permit ourselves to take an ex- 
tensive range of thought towards a 
future benefit ; and here 1 would beg 
leave to submit to your Readers— 
Colonization. Soame Jenyns once 
said, ** the East and West Indies were 
two great wings, that would one day 
fly away with little Britain.** An Ame- 
rican once said to me on his own Con- 
tinent, ** I vow the Old Country is 
ruined — 'tis gone." Now I deny both 
these assertions. Britain will remain 
Britain, if her sons will continue pru- 
dent. I now beg leave again to 
draw your Readers* attention, not to 
** wings,** but to " feathers ;*' not to 
Continents of such vast extent, but to 
islands, or to such local situations as 
afford reasonable grounds for great 
advantages to us. 

The Southern Archipelago, and the 
Southern eztremitv of Africa, open 
a wide field for colonization and for 
commerce. The small Island of Trisr 
tan D*Acunha, W. by S. of the Cape 
of Good Hope, about a week's sail, 
is now peopled with 500 settlers, and 
vines are planting, every effort mak- 
ing to be productive. Many other 
isiailds in that hemisphere increase 
the field for active attention { and the 
late information from the Governor 
of New South Wales is another field for 
energy ; a superabundant population 
In a contracted spot may thus be 
found the means of " enriching a 
state ;" alms, poor*s rates, and idle- 
ness, cannot do it : not idleness from 
principle, I beg leave to add, but 
from want of employment. And 
there certainly is a prospect, through 
the means of Colonization, of employ* 
ing our thoughts and our talents well, 
to the improvement of our com- 
merce and our navigation, without 
which neither the landed nor the 
moneyed interest can long be in a 
flourishing condition. What has rais- 
ed Britain to her present height 
among the nations, must be the means 

2 



of maintaining her in her exalted si- 
.tuation — an excellent Constitution — 
an active princi|>le — and " Ships, Co- 
lonies, and Commerce." 
Yours, &c. Tho. Walters. 

Mr.UaBAir, Skrewslturif^ June 19, 

1'^HB enclosed Inscription, which 
I transcribed from a lar^e 
grave-stone . erected in the Churcn- 
yard of St. Nicholas in Warwick, com- 
memorates an event of the most dis- 
tressing kind, which happened in Mel- 
low*s-lane, in that town, on Sunday 
•night, the 19th of November, 1815; 
I send it for insertion in your widely 
circulated Museum, in hopes it may 
put people on their guard, and pre- 
vent a recurrence of similar disasters. 
Yours, &c. D.Parkes. 

** Beneath this stone, in one grave, lie 
interred the remains of Oliver Newey, 
aged 38, late a private in the Warvvick- 
shire Militia; of Rebecca his wife, aged 
49 ; and of Jambs, their only child, aged 
13, who were ali guffocated in the night 
of Nov. 19, 1815, by the fumes of hwm- 
ing coal, which they had incautiously 
placed, on retinng to rest, in their cham- 
ber. This monument to the memory 
of a brave Associate in Arms is erected 
by a few of his military comrades, in tes- 
timony of their high respect for his cha- 
racter as a good soldier, and an honest 
man { and with the ardent hope of hold- 
ing forth. In the awful death of three 
unfortunate sufferers, a salutary caution 
to the living. Reader! if ignorant, be in- 
structed ;— or, if instructed, be warned, 
by the melancholy event recorded on 
this stone : and use your utmost endea- 
vours to inform your fellow- creatures 
that the sure and dreadful consequence 
of breathing contaminated air, arising 
from burning fuel, in confined apart- 
ments, is instantaneous suffocation" 

*^* A Frikno to Accuracy is pos- 
sessed of ** The W orks of Flavjus Jose- 
phuR, translated by H. Jackson, Gent. 
Iiondon. Printed and Sold by D. Jlenry, 
at the Printing; OfiBce, the corner of Red 
Cross Alley, in Jewin Street, 1732," fo- 
lio. It appears to have been published 
by Subscription, and in Numbers. He 
wishes to know whether the Printer was 
the respectable David Henry, who, for 
more than half a century was actively 
concerned in the management of the 
Gentleman's Magazine, as no mention 
is made in the Biographical notices of 
him in Vol. LXII. thereof. Part i. p. 578, 
and Part ii. pp. 691, 697, of his having 
at any time resided or carried on his 
business in Jewin Street. 

Mr. 



1817.1 SpoU on the Sun.-^ Cure/or the Bite of a Mad Dog. 1 7 



Mr. Crbah, ExHer^ March 80. 

TU C Spott on the Sun' haYinj; ez- 
citrd much of the public fttlen- 
lion ill the course of the lail few 
moiithi, I was frequently iudaeed to 
make a drawing of their appearance. 
With this 1 1. nd 50a a iclecth»n from 
a Bumlier of obiierYatioii*^, bj which 
it will be aeen how irrv^uUr they are 
in size, nu/nb^fr, aod |H>»ilion| that 
Ihey tend lidt to. -any particumr di- 
recti<M« but ^jrj cirery day: they 
appear 16 tfc opaque maaief of mat- 
ter attracted by the sun, cootinually 
floatini; wilhiv ilf atmoipjier«, and 



^ After mentioning^ ** the moat con- 
•iderable medicinri, whith have becu 
formerly u«ed in'thia cauV he con- 
tinuef, 

** From benee it appean, that the 
•urest remedicf in all age« agatntt this 
venom have iiee'n such a« p'ruvoke a 
great diichdrce by urine. Rt fleeting* 
upon tbii, 1 tnouffht it mvit be rijrht to 
five to the pu^pftk' a coiirce easily to 
be pnnucd, which by preirantinf: the 
fever fur a long time arter the bitCp 
and constantly prumoting thit evacu* 
at ion, migbt secure the patient from 
danjser. The method i^ thi^ : 

' Let the patient be blooded at tha 



not. a« some suppose, atiy part of ami nine or ten o'mce*. T«Vt of iba 
thebod/OftheSun itseKi for o* the herb, calM m Latin Lirhf n clnfifeus 
6lh o( this month 1 pArticuliirly no- terrefttris,inEii|(lislii^#A-cisilsiirftffmcA<f 
ticed ine two oblong spota^u the liveni'ort, cleai:etl, dried, and powdered. 
SDalh-eaftern li-i b, which appeared half anouiire. Ofblark Pepper itowdi* red 
with a ahado on ope side of each of two drAcfanis. Mix tbe^se well tofcetber, 
them, as if' they were less dense «ik *"<* divide tlie powder into four doses/ 
the ed|re next to the Sun's disk than P"** ^J "^^^^ ^*\ ^^ taken every mom- 
on Iheir inner ed^e. 

The ap^ri'iraYe not, I think, any^ 
immediate infloebce on the weather; 
as it may be nutited thtt .when we 
ezperietuiod a violeAt storm of wind 
and rain oo the 80th of January, 
thcj were much scattered, jet they 
are not more compact on other daja 
Just before and After, whea the wc«<i 
tber waa Killed. ' 

I would remark thai, at preienf, 
tbey are very small, and probably or- 
rop} altogether much less space on 
the Sun than the> did in the Summed 
months of the la«t jear. M. B. 



Mr. UnBAR, Jul^ I. 

THR celebrated Physician Dr. 
Mead some years a^o printed 
snd dispersed a Paper, intituled, ** A 
Certain Cure for the Bite of a Mad 
Dog.** In referrin}; to Ibis Paper in 
hit Essay *' Of the Mad Oog,** C(»n- 
tained in his *' Mechanical Account 
of Poisons, London, t747,** Dr. Mead 

*' I can safely affirm, that I have iM^ver 
known this metbn4l to fail of success, 
where it has been followed before (he 
Hydrophobia tM'gan : rtlt hough in the 
coun»e of al>out thirty years (brsides 
the exj>erience mad<* by others, both in 
town and country) 1 liavf; used it a 
tbotisaiid times. I have often wished 
that I knew so ceriaim a remedy in any 
ether disease: I shall therelora give the 
rea»o»s of this mrtbod." 

GEBr.UAQ.Jui^, 1811. . 



iny:, fasring, fi>r four mornings sueces* 
sively, in hal< a pint of (-ow*4 milk 
warm. After ibeKC lour doses are taken, 
the patient mu«t go into the cold batb, 
or a eold . spring, or river, every nioni- 
ing, faiting, for a month: be mu%t be 
dip|>cd all over, hut not stay in (nith 
his haad above water) longer than balC 
a minute, if the water be very.coid. 
After this be must go in three times a. 
week for a fortnight longer.' 

" This powder was first published in 
the Philosophical Transactions from Mr. 
Dampier, in whose family it had been 
kept as a secret many years: and in 
the year 17-1, it was, at my desire, put 
into the Phann.Yrop. I^nd. by the nnme 
of Putvis antHyssus. 1 afterwards made 
this alteraiioi! only, of pt'tring twuparta 
of Lichen to. one of Pepper, instead of 
equal parts, because 1 thought it too 
hot: and whereas but two or three 
doses of it were formerly giveu, I repeat- 
ed it four days." 

See '* A Mechanical Acconnt of Poi- 
sons, in several Essays, by Richard 
Mead, M. D. Coll. Med. Lond. and 
R. S. S. Physician to his Majesty. 
The fourth Ediiion corrected. Lon- 
don, 1747.'* 8to. 

This extract may possibly find ad- 
mission into your Misccllan), if it is 
not already recorded in it. The Hecipo 
may at this season particularly bo 
worth alteoding tut at least the Ex- 
tract may remind your Readers of the 
existence of a book which coutaioa 
much curious iufurmatioo. 

Yours, &c. T. L. 

Ut« 



3 



l» Waterloo Literature, [July,! 

Mr. U&BAir, Jul^2. of Juae, we are, I preiiinie, to coo- 

YO0 ha?e doubtless heard of fFa- sider this letter as sent before it wa* 

terloo ^Faltzes^ fTaterloo Bon- written, or some such extraordinary 

netSf Waterloo Shoes, &c. but not event, far beyond the common course 



i' 



el perhaps of fVaterloo Literature, of things. 

Jy this term is meant a narratory We are next told that Buonaparte 

Style, which resembles the pell-mell ascended the Observatory, though ife^ 

of the Battle, and consists in bulls, is plain that there were no means of 

erroneous dates, and writing history, so doin^, and that the report of hi* 

without collation of the incidents, ot, guide disproves the fact, 
examination of opposing authorities. Napoleon put himself at the head 

Its general principle is, to give ex- «f his guard, consisting of JifUen 

|Mn*tf evidence a grand display, that hundred men: to which the £ne* 

the Reader may have the pleasure of ni}, greatly diminifhed in numbeis, 

finding it contradicted as he proceeds, could offer no eSeetuai resistance. 

' The intention of this essay being As the guards amounted to fifteeu 

A jeu d^esprit, the names of the au- thousands the. Gpmpller proves also 

thors will not ill-naturedly be given: to be a dealer in diminution of num- 

hut the Reader may be assured that bers, and in a large way. 
the passages really exist. In defiance of the guide's account. 

The Battle commenced by the fa- Buonaparte is inade to escape in hia 
mons attack upon the villa called carriage,which isdescribedas^'acom- 
here ^T^M^omora/. The Literaturealso plete office, bedchamlier, dressing- 
begins with a misnomer: for it is room, eating-room, and kitchen.** 
allowed upon all sides that Goumont This Iliad in a nutshell is thus con* 
is the true appellation. verted into an impossibility. Though 

A Paddy, who was an eye-witness Fielding sajs that stage- coachmen 
of this gallant affair, after an elegant consider human l>eings only as bag- 
pleonasm, informing us that the in- g9gp> whom, without regard to va- 
fiabitants fled to the forest of Soignes nations of size, by squeezing, they 
for security, '* and in the hopes of compress into the most portable 
Saving their lives, ^^ says, that ** our form, to avoid waste of room 4 yet 
froops retiring into the garden, did they would scratch their iogeaious 
not yield one inch of^ their ground:^ heads for a resolution of this wopder- 
l*he same writer, speakin^ of the ful convenience. The fact is, it only 
fruitless efforts of the enemy, uses contained packages for various ser- 
Ibest; words, *' at no period, during ▼ices, which were taken out and in, 
the day, notwithstanding the heavy wherever Buonaparte stopped, as 
masses of infantry and cavalry which they were wanted ; and were very in- 
were advanced against oiir centre, geniously itowed in the carriage, like 
time after time, he was never able ^ dressing-case. 
Co force our position." In a French. account of the battle, 

I proceed from hence to a con- niention is made of the r^ocAel shots 

centrated account by an author, who of the English artillery. Ricochet 

with peculiar felicity distinguishes shots mean those which bound along 

the Ex-Emperor by the elegant ap- the ground like the duck aud drake 

pellation of the Corsican. sport of boys upon ponds. The 

The first thing I shall notice is an learned Compiler has converted rt'- 

anarchy of dates and incidents, very cochet into rocket, as the correct 

similar to the bull before quoted. It reading, and accordingly made quite 

is a letter of the Marquis of Angle- a different material of the imple- 

vea, in exculpation of his regiment, ihent of war intended by the French 

the 7tli Hussarw. writer. The following anecdote will 

. This letter i« dated Brussels, June illustrate the ingenuity of this con- 

% 1815, above a fortnight before the version. It is usual at the Univer- . 

battle alluded to: aud, notwithstand- sities, upon matriculation of a stu- . 

iiig, speaks of the 17lh and 18th of dent, to put down the father*s pro- 

that month; as well as bears the sig- fession. A great lawyer, upon his 

T^iMiQ of Anglesea, woX oi Uxbridge, entrance, was required to state the 

Now as ev^ry body knows that the, calling of his father. As he was a- 

battles .of Quatrc-bras.and .Wjuterloo native of the Northern coal counties, » 

Mere fought upon the 16th and 18th he replied, that his father was a 

fitter, 



1817.] Waterioo Ltterature.-^^^ Bibliotheea Spenceriana." j 9 

the ground deserted hj the Eoglitb 

▼oloDtariiy. Upon this event, th« 

bulletin oliservei, «* In ikh slaU •/ 

affairs^ ike batile was gained r From 

t^e other accouuti by a French officer 

f on the itatr, it seems to be a rule^ 

f that, if the French penetrate wittiia 

, the lines of the Enemy, whether thej 

are able to maintain themselves ther# 

or n(«t, (hey are to be ctxnsidered 

victorious. By the same logick, if 

a thief only enters a house, that 

house is already robbed % ot^ at tbo 

History of the Emperor Alexander 

tells us he saved the life of a dromm* 

ed matit (he battle is won, and tb« 

dead are aiive by means of anticip«r 

tiononly. A. B.C. • 



JUier^ an appellation i^iven to .a cer- 
tain vocation connected with the 
trade of the black diamonds. Filter^ 
fitter! exclaimed the tutor; what is 
that ? put down fiddler. 

The Literature of the. Secretaries « 
the two great Masters of the Art <> 
War whti were tippoted to each othe r 
if equally amusing. 

The dispatch of our illustrious 
Dake bai» tike ht< own victories, no 
less than between forty and fifty ands 
in it: we have, ** at daylight in the 
iHeYn£agj** instead of ** in the morn- 
ing at daylight:" and, <* between that 
river and the Meuse, between the 
lOtb and 14th of (he month,** two 
bet weens in one line: ** excepting by 
following with,*' instead of " except 
by,** d^c. — The disjunctive powers 
of and are famously exhibited ia the 
following sentence: ** aaif having ol>- 
•erved that the troops retired from 
the attack in great confusion 4 und 
that the march of Qeaeral Buiow's 
corps by Frichemoat upon Planche- 
Doit and La Bcile Alliance had be- 
gun to take effect I and as I could 
perceive the fire of his cannon, and 
aa Marshal BIncher had joined in 
uerson,*' &c. ^- Grose tells the fol- 
lowing story of poor Ames, the 
bibliographist. He had purchased a 
block of the capital A ; and, in order 
to make a grand display of his acqui- 
sition, began his Work with the con- 
junction andt though there was no 
preceding sentence. And and yet 
are the two great hacks of our lan- 
guage. Every body knows the ad- 
mirable illustration of ^et in the 
Aristarchus of Birch. It is singular 
too, that the Buonaparlean bulletins 
abound with short sentences And the 
English with long-winded paragraphs. 
But, be the Literature of our gallant 
Heroes what it may, as Victory has 
bestowed the laurels instead of Apol- 
lo, long may they wear them in 
health, honour, happiness, and the 
deep respect of (heirgrateful Country! 
They will not take ill a good humour- 
ed joke. They are too high-minded. 
The boxing buiietius are not ipore 
curious than those of the Ex-Empe- 
ror. Towards the end of the day, 
the Duke of Wellington, through loss 
of men, fell back, to form a (ihorter 
line across the angle of the Nivelles 
and Charleroi roads. This was not 
unnoticed by Napoleon, who ordered 
an advance of some corps to occupy 



Nib 



Ifr.UanAii, JEast Retford^ Sept.\9» 

IN the fourth volume of the Biblior 
theca Spenceriana, Mr. Dilnliii 
states article 945 to be ^' Calenda- 
rium Joanuis Regiomontani, seu da 
rcgio Monte, Lat. Germ, printed ia 
1475, quarto;'* and says, «' that it ia 
not without reason that Panzer rtfere 
us to Schwarz for an account of thik 
ver^f rare and curious, volume — and 
that it is equally evident from suck 
account that Panzer bad never seea 
the latter part of it^ which u printed 
in the German language, and is a 
version of the first part, printed iu 
Latin/* I suppose that Mr. Dibdio 
meant to say that Schwarz, and not 
Panzer, had never seen the German 
version ; the account of the book be^ 
ing Schwarz's, and only referred to 
by Panzer. Be that as it may, I con- 
ceive that the L-itin and the German 
veriionsdescribed by Mr.Dibdin are to- 
tally distinct publications by different 
printers; and 1 think that the German 
version being printed in a different 
type {Chancery hand) from the La- 
tin version, and having the same cuts 
{repeated)^ is (independent of divers 
other circumstances hereaAer in part 
referred to) a sufficiently confirma- 
tory evidence of the fact. Before I 
enter upon the principal subject of 
this Letter (which is the description 
of what I believe to be the editto 
princeps of the same Work), I can- 
not help remarking, that 1 judge the 
inference drawn by Mr. Dibdin frota 
the following quotations to be to- 
tally unsupported. Mr. Dibdin quotes 
from Schwarz the following passage: 
*' As the Calendar was writteu ^i 

No rem- 



20 



*' Calendar of Regiomontanus," 1476. 



[July, 



Nuremberg, so was it printed there;*' 
and then adds, that the quotation 
from the chapter De Conjunctionibus 
ac opposilionibus Lumiuariuro «(9<1* 
duced by Schwa rz) i» clearly confr' 
mative of this inference. The quo» 
talion adduced from Schwarz, I take 
to be the following (not having his 
book, and there bemg no other words 
in the chapter above referred to, 
that apply to Nuremberg) : '* Verum 
omnem hanc suppulaiionem horarum 
caiw minutiis suis ad meridianum op- 
pidi Aurembergemis referri voluh- 
snii«, qui Locus ille dignus videbatur 
quern novo LiUerarum genere cele^ 
braremus. Hoc etiara accedente 
quod tn ea habitatione nostra present 
opusculum condidipitfs. Nee tarn en 
idcirco alios quosvis Locos usu Ka- 
lehdarii nostrt fraudavimus: sed ip- 
•um quasi munus commune toliferme 
Europe impartivimus, subjuncta Re- 
giooun Tabula que docel quantum 
quivis alius Locus numeris scriptis 
addere debeat aut d&trahere." — Now 
bow Mr. Schwarz can boldly state, 
or Mr. Dibdin can clearly confirm the 
inference from the aboye words — 
(which merely explain the reasons 
why the author made his calculations 
for the meridian of the celebrated 
and learned town of Nuremberg ^ 
•where he lived and composed the Ca- 
lendar,) that the Latin Tcrsion of the 
book was printed there; I cannot 
conceive. The German version of 
Lord Spencer*s book, I can say no- 
thing about I but if M. Johan von 
Kon?sperg ^as the printer (and not 
the translator as I suppose), his place 
•of residence will decide — what can- 
not be collected from the quotations 
cited — and can then only apply to the 
same version; although Mr. Dibdin 
fays (from the same authority) that 
heth parts were printed in the same 
■ office, 

I now proceed, Mr. Urban, to the 
description of what 1 suppose to be 
the first edition of the Calendar of 
Regiomontaniis in my possession; and 
to 'shew wherein it accords and dif- 
fers from the edition described by 
Mr. Dibdin. On the recto of the first 
leaf is the title (surrounded at least on 
three sides by an elegant border in 
black ; the bottom being filled up in 
the middle with the names of the 
-printers, Ac. in red; the vacancy at 
: 6acb end having an ornamented knot 
Id bladtX The title, in verse, is at 



follows (the first letter whereof it 
printed in red.) 

Aureus hie liber est : non est preciosior 
uUa [opus^ • 

Gemma Kalendario: quod docet i6tud 
Aureus hie numerus: lune: soUsque la- 
bores [pt>li c 
Monstrantur facile: cunctaque si^a 
Quotque sub hoc libro terre per long^a 
regantur [nus erit. 
Tempora: quisque dies: roensis: et an- 
Scitur in instanti quecunque sit bora 
diei. [cito. 
Hunc emat astrologus qui velit esse 
Hoc Johannes opus regio de monte prcn 
batum 
Con^posuit; tota notus in italia, 
Qood veneta impresmmfuit per iUo9 
Inferius quorum nomina picta loco, 
1476. 
Bemardus pictor de Au^sta 
Petrus loslein de Langanoen 
Erhardus ratdolt de Augusta. 

In the following respects, tlierefor^, 
my copy differs from that described 
in the Bibliotheca Spenceriana: It 
has a title (placed on the recto of the 
first leaf), it has a date, and it has the 
names of three printers; the last of 
whom is several times mentioned i« 
terms of praise by Mr. Dibdin in the 
three last volumes of his Work^ 
wherein he states that the Regio- 
montanus of Earl Spencer has the 
recto of the first leaf blank (the title 
no where else supplied), and haa not 
date or printer's name. My copy dif- 
fers also from the other in two other 
ciccumstances. First, the figures 
throughout (both red and black) are, 
it is true, the rude Arabick, but 
those which are on the reverse of 
pach leaf are not introduced in red 
mk by the pen^ but are printed in 
red ; and, secondly, in my copy, the 
words " Ductu Jo^nnis de MontC" 
re^V are wanting at the bottom of 
the table intituled M Dies Pascalis.*' 
Whether those words are printed or 
written Mr. Dibdin does not state, 
but says that at the bottom we read 
' them. 

In all other respects my copy ex- 
actly accords with that described by 
Mr. Dibdin (taking for granted that 
bis omissioQ of one of the subjects, 
'< De Inditione," treated of in the 
twelve leaves particularized with 
titles, is a mere error of the press). 
From th6 whole of this account of my 
book, I draw the inference that it n 
the editio prineeps i that the famoof 
Matdolt waf the printer of this rare 

an4 



IBn.l Thoen'uNdrratioe of his Suffenngs among the K^ndittnB, 21 



«Dd curioBii Tolume (at Venice and 
not at Nuremberg); that the orna- 
mental £L (by way of running title), 
the beautiful blooming capitals (form- 
ed of branchef and foliage, &c. of 
tree^, and the words and figures 

Erintcd in red, wilh no ordinary skilly 
espeak a master in the typographi- 
cal art; and that the date or 1476, to- 
other with the following quotation 
from the before mentioned chapter 
<*De conjunctiunibu8,"&c. explaining 
the Author's meaning as to the cyclen 
he has taken, are clearly confirmatiye 
of the above inference. 

** HsB columnae tribus Cyclis de- 
cemnoiralibns aecommodantur: quo- 
rum videlicet quivis decemnovem an- 
Dos continet. Primus initium sumit 
ab anno Christi domini 1475 ; secun- 
dus ab anno 1494, et tertius anno 
1513; quos etiam annos Numeri sui 
•Dpra hinas columnas posili repre- 
aentant/* IvyESTipiToa. 

P. S. I am aware that in the Life 
of Regiomontanus (whose name was 
John Mullerv but so called from Mont 
Regitts or Konigsberg^ where he was 
born) it is stated that he set up a 
Printing-house -at Nuremberg, and 
there published his own ** Calendar** 
and other Works ; but as the Calen- 
dar, &c. so printed has not been pro- 
duced, and the above Calendar ('print- 
ed by Ratdolt) rame out immediately 
prior or subsequent to the Author's 
death (for he died in 1476), we have 
no eiridence against the inference 
(which I haTe contended for) of i|;s 
being the jSr«l edition. 

The Narrative of John Albertus 
Tboen (a Native of Leyden), 5er- 
jeant * in the bth Company of the 1 st 
Battalion of the Bengal European 
Artillery y which Company was com- 
manded by Capt, Rich. Humphryes. 
[^n Original Communication.] 

I ARRIVED at Kandy in January 
1803, with the army from Co- 
lombo, commanded by General M* 
Dowall. I was stationed in the top of 
the hill that overlooks the palace 
(in the rear), having under my com- 
mand 2 Europeans and 4 Gun Lascars, 
and having in charge 1 mortar and 1 
three- pounder, which three-pounder 
was the gun afterwards used in the 
attack of the palace from that 
height. About the middle of the 

* Was promoted to be Serjeant in the 
room of Mortimer^ who died in Kandy, 



month of April I was taken stck one 
night with fever and swellings in my 
legs, and was soon afterwards ob- 
liged to go into hospital (on the 1st 
May); I continued very ill the whole 
of the month, my head, legs, and 
whole body being dreadfully swelled ; 
my legs in particular were of such a 
size, that when I sat with them 
stretched wide apart, the knees still 
nearly touched. 

The Doctor, Mr. Holloway, (Called 
this sickness Berry Berry. The Euro- 
peans in the hospital were all afflict- 
ed in the same way, with fever and 
swelling; the average number in 
the hospital was about 150; the 
hospital WHS situated in a long room 
in the palace, denominated ny the 
natives ^ Mongol Madure^* where the 
priests are fed. The Surgeon, Mr. 
Holloway, was very kind and tender 
to the sick, very anxious indeed to 
cure them; he remained with them 
night and day, and tried a great deal 
of medicine, but it seemed as if the 
people were poisoned^ for none re- 
covered scarcely* and very often 12 or 
15 men died in the course of 24 hours. 
The way in which 1 recovered was 
as follows * t 

All who were afflicted with this 
dreadful disorder were obliged to 
sit up, as the swelling prevented their 
lying down. In the night of the 4th 
or 5lh of June I felt very hungry. By 
the side of my bed there was a small 
china cup fuMI of sugar: I scraped this 
out with my fingers, and ate it all up: 
I afterwards drank a chatty of water, 
containing more than a quart; about 
10 o^clock at night 1 was seized with 
violent pKr^i/i^^, which continued al- 
most incessantly until about 3 in the 
morning, after which period 1 was 
faint, and fella.sleep for 5 or 6 hours 
(although previous to this 1 had not 
enjoyed a good sleep for 15 days). 
About 8 o*clock the Doctor waked 
me by taking off the coverlid, when 
the whole of the swellings were found 
to be reduced, and 1 remained no- 
thing but skin and bone, but so weak 
th^t I could not rise. The Doctor 
was very much astonished at this 
circumstance, and asked me what *^ / 
had been eating or drinking,''* 1 in- 

* I thought it important to particu- 
larize all the circumstances attending 
this poor mau's recovery, as they may 
possibly throw some li«i:ht on a disorder 
which seems to have baffled the aid di 
medicine. W. H. C. 

formed 



M Thoen'sNdrrativeqfhisSujIinngsamcmgtkeKi^^kM [July; 

formed him that I had been eating^ the palace, which was |N>iflted tcK 
only a liltie sugar aod drinkiog some wards the place where the great tank 
cold water. The Doctor desired me now is, and which was at that tiam 
Dot to mention to any one that I had a paddy-field. This gun of oura had 
been drinking cold water, because, he been playing grape on the road m 
•aid, ^* cold water was actually poi- that direction. The Malay chief, San* 
9on in this complaint,*' No other per- galen, who had two brothers named 
ions (to my knowledge) in hospital Nonradin in the British service, armed 
ever drank cold water except myself, with his creese, and attended by OMt 
The sick in hospital consisted mostly armed follower, jumped upon this 
of the 19th res^nnent, the rest were gun. Lieut. Blackeney of the 19th 
composed of the Bengal and Madras regiment, advanced towards him-, 
artillery, all Europeans. having only his shirt and trowsers oil. 
About the beginning of June, pro- with his sword in his hand. SangtleU 
Visions were very scarce, neither £u- jumped upon him, aod stabtied him 
ropeans nor natives had any thing with his creese i after which Mr. 
but paddy to eat — not much of that, Blackeney cut at him with his swords 
and mostly damaged; arrack the Eu- they grappled and fell together, and> 
ropeans had constantly to the last, as J understand, both died immedi* 
About this time, in coo^cquencc, I atdy on the spot, 
believe, of the want of provisions, Sangaien*s servant was also killed 
fome of our people began to desert, by a shot, and the death of these two 
I think the first man who deserted, persons prevented any more from at* 
was the Drum-major of the Malay tempting to force their way into the 
regiment, named Odeen, and after- palace, and after this the Sinhalese 
wards there deserted from us about people kept at a very respectful dt*- 
$0 or 60 men, consisting of the Ben- tance ; they were in great force alao 
gal and Madras Lascars, and men of in front of the palace, but not in such 
the Malay regiuienu all these / heard considerable numbers at on the hift 
at the time, and afterwards found to behind, where the gun wai. In the 
be true. I was still very weak in front of the palace, when 5 or 6 of 
hospital t the Doctor ordered me a our Malays advanced on them with 
pair of crutches, but I was not strong their arms, they ran away: in niitnbeir, 
enough to walk much with them, as I understood, they were abont 
About the middle or latter end of £0,000 of the Enemy, Sut they are 
Jnne*(notcertainastothedate)ahout a cowardly race, and they have H»me 
5 o*cIock in the morning I heard a 4^ the heart of a soldier at all *. 
good deal of firing from the hill be- 1 donH know that any others oC 
hind the palace (musketry), which was our people were hurt by the fire of 
returned by our ^leople from the the Enemy, except Lientenanl or En- 
palace. It seems the Enemy had got sign Brown of the 10th regiment, 
possession of the mortar and gun previously a Serjeant in the 19thj btiS 
which were on the top of the hill, as then a commissioned officer. 
I before mentioned (the palace was About half past eleven o'clock . in 
completely surrounded); about nine the morning Major Davie, after con- 
o'clock in the morning the Enemy versing with the officers first, hung 
opened the three-pounder upon the out a white flag, as we were taU bj 
palace, from which they fired about the men of the I9th and Malaysi and 
S or 6 rounds t a Malay was brought about 12 o'clock the soldiers told «s 
into the hospital with his knee broken that Major Davie had capitulated, atd 
by a shot from that gun. the terms were, that the palace was 
+ 1 was not able to move out to to be given up to the Enemy ; that 
see f7/.vse// what was going on, but I Major Davie and his detachment were 
iieard from the soldiers who came into to march immediately for Colombo, 
the hospital, all that was going on. taking with them their arras (that is 
There was a Malay chief, called tosay,thefirelocksonly,not any heavy 
Sangalen, iu the King of Kandy's guns), and alko the person of Budbu 
service, he was called a Captain; this Swammy, the King, who had coo- 
man advanced to a gun in the rear of stantly resided with us in the palace ; 

» It wa, on the 19tb. W. H. C. *''«»""•'' uJ ^^^ ''!„'« Z «l!!^ 

t On the hill from whence our people walk might accompaay the gutuo a 

w«re driven in the night previous to the ' ' . 

attack. • The exact words. . 

la 



^817,] ThQevi\NarraiivcqfkisSuJinngsa7nongti^KMdi»At. 21 



in their marcbs and those who were. 
ooable to no Ye from their cots were 
t^ reauuD» b^ioii^ recoinraended to 
the mercy of the King of Kaody, by 
lifAJor DaYie* through the head mea 
of the cQuotry, with whom the Major 
n»ade the terios of hif retiriog; and 
^ter the troop« hail quitted the gar- 
riion they did indafid shew mercy to 
ta * I however, ai a capitulation was 
madcy we expected to be taken care 
of; thai medicines would be admi- 
mstered to us, and. that when we were 
well we should be sent to Colombo. 
About half an hour or an hour after 
(iibout oae o'clock), Major Davie and 
the garrison, accompanied by Budhi^ 
Swammy, marched out of the palace, 
with drums treating — such of the con- 
▼:aiescents as were able to crawl 
marching, or trying to march, with 
him < some, it was said« on all fours, 
not strong enough to carry their arms 
nor to stand up : these poor people, 
1 understood, were killed by the 
natives. 

The garrison had hardly marched 
out at the front gate^ on the road to- 
wards Katte^^astotte, when thousands 
of Ike Kandians entered the p»lace on 
all sides, armed with swords, knives, 
dubs, old firelocks, &c. and rushed 
into the hospital, where I lay with 
about 149 other Europeans. I was 
at this time sitting upon a couch, be- 
ing the only man in hospital who 
could sit up (with my crutches I could 
manage to walk about a pace or two 
in a minute) i I had therefore a full 
view of the horrible scene that ensued. 

The Kandiaus had no sooner en- 
tered than they began to butcher in- 
discriminately every one in the hojipi- 
tal, robbing them at the same time, 
cursing and reviling them, and spit- 
ting in • their faces ; they mostly 
knocked out the soldiers' brains with 
clubs, &c. then pulled them out by 
the heels, the dead and the dying, and 
threw many of them into a well ; num- 
bers of bodies were left in the streets 
and devoured by dogs, but none were 
buried: some poor wretches got otf 
their cots, and tried to crawl away, 
but the Kaudians murdered them 
before they could get out of the hos- 
pital: '* t not many of the British sol- 

♦ The poor ninii's own words, 
•f- This beautifully characteristic fact 
of the behaviour of our po(»r country- 
men, is in the exact words uf Tboen 
himself. VV. H. C 



diers cried out for merey, but manp. 
called upon their God*** Some suf» 
fered death without saying a word* 

1 was situated about the middle of 
the hospital ; and with my two crutthea 
made an effort to reach the door. 
Some of tbeKandians (about 95) camo 
up to me$ they spit in my face, and 
abused me a good deal, and some one 
gave me a severe blow on the fore* 
head with a sword or club, which 
knocked me sensless to the ground » 
when 1 recovered my senses (1 don't 
know if I crawled or was carried) 
1 found myself i}ing in the court 
amongst the dead bodies of my bro- 
ther soldiers. I was quite naked, 
having been stripped of every Ihing* 
Dr. Holioway had placed two blistert 
on my body, and these were tied on 
with a pocket handkerchief; tbejr 
had torn off the pocket handkerchief 
and blisters, which last had taken* 
away with them all the skin from mj 
beliy ; at this time it was about 5 or 
6 in the evening. 

I then crawled away on all foura 
into the battery (where the garden 
now is) at. the back of the palace i 
and. there I found a number of Kau- 
dians, about 10 or 12, who laid hold 
of me again, and, tying a rope round 
my neck, they hung me up to a beam 
in a gateway, near a Church that was 
in the road; and, having done this, 
they quitted me immediately ; the 
rope broke, and 1 fell to the ground* 
as I found when 1 recovered my 
senses, which 1 lost when they huug 
me up. It was now quite dark, and 
1 crawled away to an old house nearly 
(not quite) a quarter of a mile ov, 
where the tank is now, and 1 entered 
an old deserted house: here I re- 
mained, I think, without seeing any 
one for 7 or 8 days. It rained al- 
most night and day, though not very 
hard ; I drank the dirty water that 
fell on the ground, and near (close) 
to the house there was high grass, 
I crawled out and ate thisy which 
was the only nourishment 1 had for 
the period I have mentioned; the 
wound on my head healed of itself 
(though I feel it painful now some- 
times) ; but I sull'ercd a good deal 
from all the skin of my belly being 
torn oil' with the blister when I was 
stripped. 

At the end of the time I have men- 
tioned, a Kandian came in and looked 
at me, and I at him ; he then ran 
^ - away, 



24 Thoen's Narrativeof his Sufftrings among thelLz,iAi2Lti%. [July^ 

lieve), I began to cry «t seeiog^ the 
face of an European, aod he came 
near to where I was. 1 wa« wrapped 
up in an old mat, my only coTeriog;^ 
and I told him that I was in gretit 
misery, and begged him to assist me, 
and he said he would see me again 
in two or three days; and I after- 
wards saw him at a distance, and 
called to him: he said he would see 
me on his return, which he did; but 
h^ never gave me any victuals, nor 
any thing, and when I asked him for 
a little tobacco, he said he had none.' 
A day or two after, the King arrived 
and sent for me; as I could not walk, 
f|>ur people supported me to the 
place where he was (the square out- 
side the palace); the King was sittin^r 
in his Palankeen when I was brought 
to him; all the other people who had 
been with the English (* natives) 



away, as I thought to bring people 
lo kill me; and then came in three 
women to look at me, from whom 
I turned away, being quite naked, 
knd two of them saia to me in Por- 
tuguese (a language 1 learned at Co- 
lombo)," You will be killed." "Well, 
said I, I am ready, let them kill 
me, I can't get up to walk away.'' 
JuH at this time the same man who 
bad been there before, came again, 
and be seemed angry with the wo- 
men for speaking to me, and drove 
them away ; and when they were 
gone, he took out from under his 
clothes plenty of curry and rice, suf- 
ficient for 4 men, and he placed it 
before me, to eat as much as I pleased. 
/ eai up the whole of it^ as soon as he 
went away, and drank a large quan- 
tity of water, and then tumbled down 
and slept well for the first time * • 
The next morning I was awoke by a 
Caflfree, who said to me in Portuguese, 
*^ Ah ! we have been looking for you 
a long time, and now we have found 
you." *• Well," said I, " and now you 
may do what you please with me, for 
I can't go away." He went off*, and 
returned some time after with ano- 
ther t CaffreCf who had a sword un- 
der his arms. Now I thought all was 
over: but they told me that they had 
orders to take care of me, and con- 
fine me until the arrival of the King, 
who was expected next day. Accord- 
ingly I was confined in a prison with 
IS Malabar people who had been at- 
tendants on BudhuSwammy. Ofthese 
IS people I saw some hung; and 
others, with their noses and ears cut 
off*, t4)ey allowed to walk away. 
The King did not arrive, but in a 
few days after, I saw at a distance 
a man named Benson^ belonging to 
the Madras artillery, who had desert- 
ed about the beginning of June to 
the King at Nangaren-Kitty, as he 
himself told me; when I saw him with 

a bag on his shoulder (of rice I be- 

* . . - -• ■ 

* 111 narrating this circumstance, 
Tboen gave a curious proof of forgetful- 
uess in the idiom of the English lan- 
guage. Having occasion for the direct 
opposite of a word, he used the most ob- 
vious one, but in a wrong sense ; speak- 
ing of this man who brought him the 
food, he said, " I never saw him before 
nor behind.*''-'" I believe," said I, "you 
mean since." " Yes, 1 do." W. H. C. 

f These were Caffree slaves who had 
deseited iii the Dutch time. 



were also brought before him. 

Benson was then present, dressed in 
his British uniform^ with a gold chain 
round his neck, and a silver hilled 
sword, both given him by the King, 
with whom he seemed to be in great 
favour. The King spoke a good 
deal; he gave cloth to all of us enough 
to make a shirt and trowsers, and a 
kind of silver money called Larann^ 
shaped like a fish-hook, ojie of which 
is worth about 16 pice, and the King 
also directed some beef in casks, 
and a little arrack (left behind by the 
English) to be delivered to Benson 
for him and me, which we afterwards 
shared ; and the King said, that after 
all I had suffered, no one but God 
could kill me, and that no otie should 
ever do me any harm. 

(To be continued,) 

Mr. Urban, June 28. 

AMIDST the difficulties and em- 
barrassments of the present timet 
it were scarcely to be expected that 
much attention could be given to the 
encouragement of Genius, or the cul- 
tivation of the Fine Arts. That the 
professors of this branch of science 
do not experience,so severely as might 
be supposed, that pressure of which 
all members of the community must 
in some degree partake, the various 
exhibitions of Art, at present open, 
seem to testify. 

The British Institution in Pall-mall, 
by the distribution of premiums, and 



* Lascars^'Mal^s, &c. 



the 



IS 17.] RapfaaePs •«. Transfigurationy'^New Coinage y. Old. «5 



the aooaal collection of painting 
Irom e?ery School for the uie of Stu- 
deatt, have codtributed in a surpriz- 
ing manner, to the support and pro- 
tection of genius in this country. 
The fine perforniances of Titian, Ca- 
facci, Michael Angelo, and Raphael, 
are thus ^et before the Student as 
models^ and the Amateur is also gra- 
tified by a sigbl of pictures which he 
night probably have never beheld 
had they always remained in the gal- 
leries of their possessors. 

No person who now visits the Bri- 
tish Gallery, can avoid being sensible 
«f the great genius of Raphael, as 
displayed in two of his Cartoons 
there exhibited ; though at the same 
time it must be a subject of re^^ret to 
behold the injury they have suffered 
from time, and the perishable nature 
of the articles they are composed of. 
Can no means be used to restore and 
prefcrve them ? 

or that grand performance of Ra- 

J^haers, the Transfiguration *, we can 
orm bat a very inadequate idea from 
the beat engravmgs we have of it. 
As a sublime and majestic composi- 
tion, it is, perhaps, without a rival.— 
To those young Artists or Students 
vrho would wisli to profit by study- 
ing this great Ma6ter in hi§ Chet- 
d*ceuvre, J would beg leave to recom- 
mend a publication just commenced 
by Mr. D. V. Riviere, Student of the 
Royal Academy, consisting of £u- 

f ravings very well executed by Mr. 
I. Scriven, and on a large scale, of 
select heads and extremities of the 
figoret in this picture; which will 
form a most valuable acquisition to 
the Professional or Amateur Artist. 
Yours, &c. PicTORius. 

The New Coinage, versus the Old. 

'' Magnus ab integro nummorum nas- 
citur ordo." 

To the Right Hon. William Wellesley 
Pole, master and worker of the 
Minty Tower-Hill.— r^e Petition of 
«s, the Crowns, Hulfcrowns, Shil- 
lings, and Sixpences of His Ma- 
jesty King George the Third, 
Humbly shewethc — 

THAT, though your Honour's Pe- 
titioners were originally of fo- 
reign extraction, they themselves 

* The original Painting, which was at 
Paris, has recently been taken back to the 
Church of St. Pietro Montorio at Rome. 

Geitt. Mag. July, 1817. 



were all lawfully begotten and bora 
and registered and bred up at Tower* 
Hill, where they received a good daa- 
sical education at the Nation*s ex-^ 
pence, and whence they were dniy 
dismissed at a proper age into thd 
wide world, to seek their fortunes. 

That hitherto your Honour's Vb* 
titiooeirs have always conducted them- 
selves well: they have all been pre- 
sented with credit to their patroni 
and protectors, have experienced a 
general and very favourable accept- 
ance from all ranks and degrees of 
His Majesty's subjects, have mixed in 
the best societies, and striven inva- 
riably with no equivocal success to the 
utmost of their power to uphold, to 
cherish, and to advance, the glory and 
commerce of their native country. 

That, whilst numbers of your Ho- 
nour's Petitioners were thus intro- 
duced into every department and de* 
pendency of the State, winning their 
easy way to popularity by sterling 
merit and the most important ser- 
vices, their brethren, no less assiduous 
and .trustworthy, were dispatched by 
thousands and tens of thousands into 
His Majesty's Colonies, and to hit 
ambassadors and consuls, to his civil 
and military officers abroad ; and 
alike in war and in peace, by their 
skilful conduct and perseverance in 
trade, in the cabinet, and in the field, 
hazarded their persons and constitu- 
tions, and even jeoparded their lives, 
in materially promoting the welfare 
and prosperity of Ui^ Majesty's allies, 
and the public and private happiness 
of all classes of his liege and loyal 
subjects; reconciling jarring interests, 
reiiiOving difficulties, encountering 
and overcoming opposition, cheer- 
fully confronting perils by land and 
by water, of fire and of sword, with- 
out hesitation, murmur, or com- 
plaint, equally strangers to the tur- 
bulence of open remonstrance and 
the lukewarmness of secret disafiec- 
tion. 

That, notwithstanding their un- 
wearied services in every part and 
under every climate of the known 
habitable Globe, your Honour's Ptr- 
titioners nevertheless, with profound 
grief, and to their inconceivable sur- 
prize, now find themselves exposed to 
imminent danger, if not to utter and 
irretrievable ruin, slighted and scorn- 
ed; in a manner the most contemptu- 
ous, aod) 81 they respectfully conceive, 

the 



26 The New Coinage versus the Old.-^Topographj/. [Snly, 

the rookt undeserved, they are lud- at they incliDe to believe, would lepd 

denly deprived of work aod bread, and the lustre of your Dame, and th« 

thrown out of employ, to make room weight of your influence, to their 

for a new, inferior, pampered race of dwarfish holiday competiCorH, froHik 

gaudy sixpence!, shtllingi, and half- any motives of a pafrticular per$$fimi 

crowns; who (vounger even than and private nature, — iliid yoUr P^ 

Waterloo medals) elbow your Peti- titioner» shall ever pray, 

tioners upon all occasions, usurp Signedf siampedr and delivered im 

their -stations and titles, assume and due form, 

discharge their duties, and threaten W. B. Chulwa* 
not only to supplant them in office, '■« 
but completely to annihilate their Obfervationp and Enquiries io ^« 
•stiraation. made by the Topographer whihf 
That your Honour's Petitioners Travelling, (From the MSS, of 
bombly resent this treatment the the late W. Alexander, F.S.A^ 
more warmly, because, though vete- HT^O ascertain the ancient andi mo» 
rans, they are not incapable of ser- X dern name of the parnb, and 
vice. Of them, whole regiments are its etymology; how situated; what 
vet but thirty years, of age, having distance from the nearest market 
been born in 1787: they are sound town; what rivers or brooks past 
in bodies and limbs, willing \o take near, or bound it, with their rise and 
and obey His Royal Highness the course; extent of the parish, and bj 
Prince Regent's orders ; they are what others bounded, express by com- 
heart'whole, and ashamed to shew pass ; to what hundred, division, or 
neither their/ac^s nor rear to friends liberty belonging, and what haraletf 
or foes; they, are unscratcbed by therem; what number of houses and 
former ' campaigns, and eager for inhabitants^ what seats and manors f 
fresh comminions. who the ancient and present lords ot 
That, With great deference and re- proprietors, and what peculiar cu»- 
spect, your Honour's Petitioners tom8,tenures»or privileges, appertain 
crave permission at least decue ad* thereto; what castles, ruins,. antieat 
dere mortii and, if thev are doomed mansions, or remarkable buildings^ 
to exclusion from all the varied and whether any sculptured orna- 
scenes of thenr past short-lived glo- , ments, arms, painted glass, &c. are 
ries, they still flatter themselves tliey to be found in them ; what fairs or 
may possibly he allowed to act in markets, when held, by whom grant- 
amicable concert along with the ed, and whether continued or dit- 
eighteen - penny and three -shilling used; what trade or maiiufacturea 
Bank volunteers in home duties ; carried on ; whether any remains of 
thereby relieving their successors, reirp;ioos houses, as monasteries, noii- 
the present glittering raw recruits of neries, colleges, chapelt, hospitals, 
marching regiments of the line till guilds, or fraternities, alms, or fcbdol- 
March 1818 ; when, your Petitioners houses; when founded, their aotient 
are given to understand, the former establishment and present state ; wbaC 
(like trained bauds and dollars, and privileges or immunities, charters, 
other volunteers of glorious memory,) deeds, or other writings; what car-t 
are to be consigned to close garrisou, tula ries, genealogical rolls, pedigrees. 
And the latter only are to be put books ot arms, seals, or other frag- 
upon Fv.LL PAY. ments, belonging to tbera ; what sin- 
That, from all and several the fore* gnlar customs, as annual processions, 
Soing considerations, your Honour's wakes, doles, sports and games ; and 
istressed Petitioners, the sixpences, what peculiar proverbs, phrases, and 
shillings, half-crowns, and crowns, of words. 

bis Majesty King George the Third, What crosses, or obelisks, oma- 

•olicit your Honour's prompt atten- mented or inscribed; whetlier any 

tion to the hardship and exigency of barrows or tumuli ; have any of tbcsa 

their case; and humbly hope their been opened, and such articles as 

Aeads and their arme may once more weapons, pottery, rings, lacbr|iiia-> 

be actively engaged for the public tories, dec. found therein } 

good. — For they disdain for one mo- Whether any beacons or . fat^i* 

ment io admit the thought that your marks; what Roman earth-works, af 

Honour, one of His Majesty's Minis- camps, ways, roads and if any altac% 

tcrs, and • Gentleman vf character, coins, or other fragments of antiqui- 
ty. 



LATBNT AVTIQlilTiBt, V* T. 



ir,1i»V9.teai'^ from tbemi'wW 
wrluij IkniM or.Briliib moDooMNitf, 
!§• tawpiBl, €ff9iDleciif9.cairufy ntak- 
iif tfoMv-oraBf fuch remtmi, notr 
ttejpteet. 

Xa? eMij ItmoiitbftitletbeeDlbM^I 
i*tiiii«M|ttbiiftiooa } wbar tradHioiit 
iwp e ctl B|g tbeiDy and of tlie plice in 



AfB th«re «ti j coUectioiit of l^ctoret 
•r i^fitiune, or »iiy mufeuoi of bsUi- 
lif kMory»te.9 wbetbor anj portraiU 
of cmlttnt meoy or other repreientft- 
lioai dT ancicflt odiicet or tntiqaiCiet 



To Inro. If nmj of Ibe poc iibionert, 
or ' tbetff. BOiuaiiiUiice, potieft anj 
f iM,-«MMiBtcripti».#orfeyi, piaoi, or 
AsjriMrsi «ih1 U> aak for any curfoiM 
•r^intraifall eo^oirer into matters 
4t tkm aal«fo« from whom much iik- 
IbmolkMi it often obtaioed. 

lo wiml dloosMt deaBerr* or boo- 
dMfdy doci the ^iMircli ftand f wbetber 
Hw livipi^ be rectory or vicaragOt aod 
i^bot b its tmivei who the patron and 
loaMNNiti to whom the tithes ap- 
yiwpriated or impropriated* 

Wbolber aaj parochial libtary in 
tfce cbttrcb or parsonage. 

' Bj whom the church founded, and 
to whom dedicated I when supposed 
to be erected, and of what materials 
bntlti to take the kbnographj and 
measuretoents of the nave, ailes, 
cbaneels, chapels, &c. ; to Dote whe- 
ther it be ceiled or paved, what num- 
ber of galleries, and what the gene- 
ral ;ftate* of. repair; to enquire whe- 
ther any vaults peculiar to ancient 
Aiaiiies^ and to examine all moou- 
ments, tombs, brasses, &c. in the 
ehnrch or church-yard; to describe 
or draw the several stalls, pincinae, 
bells, font, he, with, their devices, 
oraamenis, armorial bearings, ioscrip- 
tfOM, dates, dimcinsions, &c. ; as also 
to make memoranda from pictures, 
painted glass,scul|itures of every kind. 

Whether tnere are any chantries, 
aitare, shrines, images, rood8,4egendf, 
relics, charities, or benefactions ; to 
note the commencement of the re- 
gi«ter, and any curious remarks that 
may be made therein, with the births, 
marriages, or burials of eminent per- 

•OBf**' 

To examine the church, chests, in 
'Urbich mutilated remains of. monu- 
mental inscriptions, &c. are »ome- 
^4imos . deposited. 

To date the time of yoursurvfsy 
nod observations, W. A« 



' 99 <b« Aeo. T. D.Fosobookb, M.J. 
F.A.8. JmUkmr ^ ** BrUiMk Jfo^ 
flocAteh'* lite ** Hitimrif tf Qtam^ . 
«esl«rsblre,*' «« lUmHrtOimiM ^ te 

Aneienit* 

TBB Public- booses of the Cla^ 
sical Ancients were, in soroo 
thiiups, different from' ouJrs.. Pin- 
tarcE mentions a Spartan, who, com- 
ing to an inn, did not call for solid 
fare* but gave the host 'some meat 
to dress *• Upon the further demand 
by the host of cheese and oit» 
•' What r sa^s the Spartan, " if I ba^ 
cheese, should I want meat ?** Tbo 
Romans did not recline, but sit, when 
th^ to<^ refreshment in tAvems^ 
or had irregular meals elsewhere 1. 
Martial adds, th^t flaggons, chainet 
to posts, were usual in such. houses ±.' 
Juvenal well dcKribes the habits jS|r 
such places :. 

•— In magni legatuni qossre pbpin4, 
Invenics aliquo earn percusaore jaceiitem - 
Permittiun nautjs et furibus aot fogl* 

tivis 
Inter camifices et fabros Sandapilaram . 
Et resupinati ces$antia tympana GalH, 
Mq%xK ubi libertas, communia pocul^ 

led us 
Non alius culquam, nee mensa remotlor 

uUi. L. iii. Sat. viii. 

According to this account, there 
were no boxes, a« at modern cof- 
fee-houses; but the drinking- ves- 
sels and tables were common. Per* 
sons attended, who sold ointments'^ 
and perfumes, and addressed the vi- 
sitor with Domitiuf and Rex^ and 
other flattering cxpressiobs, it fher 
had hopes of custt/m |. The LaniU 
lady had her dress tucked up (fuc" 
cincU) for convenience and expedi- 
tion ; and brought pitchers of wino 
for the guests to taste : 

£t cum veuali Cyand succincta la- 
genilf. 

In the Inns on the road, there was 
both hot and cold meat **. Tiberius 
prohibited their selling any baker's 

'* Laconip Apophthegms* 
t Mart. Epigr. L. v. £p. lxxi. 
X L. vn. Ep. Lx. 

§ Hence the tiiunfajM»ptiia of Horace. 

M Juvenal, ubi supra. 

\ Ibid. 

** SuetoD. in VitelHo, c, 13, 

corn* 



SB FMic-bouHSyand Auctions, among the Antients, [Joly^ 

commodities *. ^>ro permitted only were entered in lablef, and sealed. , 

boiled iregetables ; though, before, At their whops, the auctions were in 

evcrj kind of delicacy was usual +. general made, that these Argentarii 

Tavern-keepers had a particular cos- might note on the tables the names 

tBoaet for HeHogabalus. caused him- of 4he buyers; and the goods were 

ielf to be represented in one ^. We delivered under authority of some - 

are told by modern Antiquaries, that Magistrate. Buying4n^ or redemp* 

the lTa6/Ao*^ or AXXayo*, of the an« tion, was made by giving security 

cients were places accommodated through a friend, which was term- 

with all things requisite for travef- ed, Dejicere IfOellos i{. Petronius 

lers of every description ; and it was gives the inscription (similar to oOr^ 

at them ihat the »ol(|ier<i astd to re- handbill) of an auction literally this: 

fresh themselves, and chanj^e their " Juliu* Proculus will make an auc- 

horses and carriages; from which cus- tion of hit superfluous goods, to pay 

tom of changing, in later times, even his deht^^V** K»tates, pictures, &c. ^ 

fresh garments were also called aX- ^«re sold by the Romans in this way 

X»y«*. It must however be allowed, «» «ow ; and sales sometimes lasted 

that though the places grew to be ^^^ *w« months UH. 
eminent, and large at last, yet at In the mi.ldie age, goods were 

first it was only one diversorium, or cf«ed, and sold to the highest, and the 

inn, on which there was the sign of 'ound of a truranel added with a 

the Ansa, by which name, for that ▼ery loud noise. The use of -the sp^r 

reason, the whole station itself was ^^ retained, the auctions heiyg caK 

afterwards so called ^. By these 'ed subhasttUionea^ and the tubhtuia" . 

Stathmoi the ancients also regulated ^^r, or auctioneer, was sworn to seU 

the sUges of their journe} |. The *he goods faithfully. A crjferstoo4. 

^fssa, or sign, was the handle or ear under the spear, as in the RonoaQ era, 

of a pitcher; in which sense it is used »«<* ''a* «" the I3th century called 

by Virgil 1, Ac. Cursor n. 

As to Giu shops, &c. the Ancients I" London, Sales by Auction were, 

reckoned it mean to buy wine from ^«*d «* Mercers'- Hall, and other 

a tavern**. places 4.. . 

Of the Wine-cellars, the Hercula- Auctionan'us mM a tradesman who 

nean excavations have supplied in- augmented his property: properly 

formation, pretty well known ; but »peaking, he who bought old, worn, 
there wai a provision for securing and damaged goods, to sell them 
what would otherwise have been lost dearer afterwards 4.4.. 
by leakage ++. ■ 

Sales by Auction* In the Roman Mr. Ubbav, Juljf 8. 

sales, a spear was fixed in the forum, I SHALL be obliged io any of your 
bv which stood a cryer, who pro- X Correspondents,who, throu<ihtha 
claimed the articles. A catalogue medium of your Magazine, will giv^ 
was made in tables, called Auctiona- me some information of the Author of 
rirni the vendor was denominated a work, intituled ** The Reign of King 
AuctoTj and the bidders Sectores. Charles; an History faithfully and 
They signified their bidding by lift- impartially delivered and disposed, 
ing op their fingers, and the highest into Annals. — Printed for Edward 
bidder succeeded. The Magistrate's Dodd and fienry Seile, 1655." I have 
pernaission was iiecessary for a sale, in my posi^essiou an interleaved Cojpy 
About the forum were a number of with marginal notes, and seventy-four 
Silversmiths* or rather Bankers' manuscript pages of ** Observationa 
shops, where things sold by Auction upon the Annals published by H. L. 

* Suet on. in Vitellio, c. 34. f Id. c. 16. X Lampridius in vitA. 

I Hearna's Antiq. Discourses, i. 39* || Herodian, L. ii. c. ult. p.83. £d. Parssus. 
\ Dii Cange in vdce. ** Cicero in L. Pison. 

ft Pallf^. de Re Rust. i. 18. Inter Script. Rei Rustiese, p. S36« Ed. Lugd. 15S7. 
XX Si^o'nius de Judiciis, L. H. c. 24. Rom. Hist. Autholog. S85. Juvenal, (i. 
3. s. vii. Cioer. Orat i. I7. 319. 729. Ed. Freig. §§ Satyric. k p. 188. Ed* Nodot. 

mi Stteton. Css. c. 50. Capitolinusjn Amouino. 

f f Du Caiige, v. Cursor, Subltastari, ^c. 4* Hawkins's Mifsick. V. 173* 

44 I^u Cange in voce. 

Esq. 



1817.] ''The Bcign of Charles the First;' in Annals. 29 



Kiq. of the Reigoe of King Charles, 
both geoerall and particular, bj Sir 
Kdward Walker, Knight, Garter Prin- 
cipal! King at Amies, at Amslerdara, 
1655.'* — As the cocnpusition of these 
Annals is different to roost of the 
writmirt of that period, 1 have tran- 
srribodsoroeapecimens of it, for 8uth 
of yonr Headers as may not have 
iteii the work, together with pari of 
Sir £. Walker's observation upon (he 
Author's st}ie, and his character of. 
Charles the First. L. 

Of James the First, the Annnliiit 90} s, 
** Studious he was of peace, some vi hat 
overraoch for a Kiii^, which many im- 
puted to puftillaiiimity ; and certainly 
the thought of war was very terrible to 
him."—" As this lipothyroie, this faint- 
heartedness, lost him the reputation and 
respects of his people, so his heavie 
pressures upon them, and undue levies 
by privy seals and the like, alienated 
tbeir affections, especially considering 
bow those moneys were misemployed, 
indeed rather thrown away, partly in 
tbe two dishonourable treaties of Spain 
and Germany, and' the consequential 
entertainments, and partly in largesses, 
to his minion Buekhigbam. Between 
this disaffi^ction and contempt in bis 
people, there was generated a general 
disposition to turbulent and boysterous 
darings, even against his darling pre- 
rogative. And though those disroall ca- 
lamtties which befel his Son, were doubt- 
lesse ampliated by a superfetation of 
causes, yet was their first and main ex- 
istency derivative from those semina- 
lities. Let Court pens extol the calm- 
ness of his Hakyonian reignc with all 
th«s artifice of rhetorique, yet can they 
never deny but that admired serenity 
had its set in a cloud, and that he left 
t§ his tuccestor both an empty purse and 
crown of thorns,**-^'* Kings love to be 
treated with tbe most obliging caresses 
and debonair deportment that may be. 
And usually they derive asperity, not 
so much from innate and inbred pro- 
clivity, as fri»m the protervity and in- 
complying nesse of tbe people.*' 

** 1 am now entered upon the year 1 6'3 1 , 
remarkable for the trial of Mervin Lord 
Audley, Earl of Castlehaven ; which I 
could for the honor of Christianity, for 
the honor of Nobility, for the honor 
of our Nation, yea, for tbe honor of our 
Nature, even Manhood itself, that the 
story of so much filth might be swept 
into the channel of oblivion. But of- 
fences so prodigiously high as his, wc 
may not so stride over; contract they 

doe a penality too vital for one scaffold to 
determine ; History must erect another 
for bim, wherein he may ever suffer 



in what is extant of him, his post- 
hume fame, the soul's most consider- 
able relict on earth, in whose proxy sbo 
is happy or miserable to all posterity." 
— " He was committed in December last, 
upon an accusation of such a racematioa 
and cluster of abominations, as were 
never heard of before." — " The day of hit' 
execution, his confession ended, he re- 
sorted to his prayer< ; after which, bid- 
ding farewell to all the spectators, aiid 
forgiving the executioner, he yielded bit' 
head to decussation, to the striking off, 
which was performed dexirously, and at 
one blow. One thing I offer as observ- 
able, and from mine autopsie, myself^ 
beholding, that having preserved hia 
countenance all the" while before in one 
constant tenor, he no sooner did addresa. 
himself for the stroke of death, but hia 
hands and face were in a moment ovtr* 
shadowed with such a swarthy meta*: 
morphosiSy as neer resembled snioko* 
dryed bacon. Tht^ dyed this titular, 
piece of nobility, like a bad aotor hisc 
off the stage, of few lamented, for of 
few beloved." 

** The first thing resolved upon wte 
his* solemn initiation into regality,; 
and setting the crown upon his bead : a 
thing practised by the wisest monarchs,i 
as wherein they cannot be idle to l>et-' 
ter purpose. For* though it conferreth 
no one dram of solid and reall grandure 
to the throne: yet ceremoniated as it is, 
with such formalities, it representetb 
itself a serious vanity ; for as the King 
enters recognizance and stipulateth with 
the people to govei-n according to law, 
so they unanimously acclaim bim their 
King, all sutable to the ancient mode 
of conveying soveraignty — King Charles 
was born November tbe 19th A.D. 1600, 
at Dun-fermling, in Scotland, not next 
in call to the diadem. But the hand of 
God countermanded nature's dispose, and 
by taking away Henry, his incompara- 
ble brother, presented Charles, not only 
the succeeding, but the only male stud 
of soveraigitty. The gallantry of Henry's 
heroique spirit tended somewhat to 
the disadvantage and extenuation of 
Charles his glory, who arriving at his 
years, and wanting nothing of his prince- 
ly institution, came yet short of bim in 
the acquist of reputation with the peo- 
ple. Henry of a forward and enterpris- 
ing, Charles of a studious and retired 
spirit : whereof tbe blame may in part 
be imputed to some organicall impo- 
tences in his body. For in bis state of 
increment and growth, he was exceedin|; 
feeble in his lower parts, particularly his 
legs growing not erect, but repandous 
and embowed, whereby he was unapt for 



* Charles L 



exercises 



30 King Charles I. — Convocation in Ireland 1678. [Juljr, 

exercises of activity. And though his 
vucall impediment accompanied him to 
tlie fatall stroke, yet was it to wise men 
an index of his wisdom : tberefoi-e ob- 
loquy never played the fool so much, as 
imputing folly to him, since there was 
never, or very rarely, known a fool that 
stammered. As for bis intellectuals, he 
gave in the Spanish court (where was 
his first initiation into renown) a very 
satisfactory account." 

Sir Edward Walker observes : 

*Mt is ingeniously and truly sayd 
by Ihe Author, * that obloquy never 
played the fool so much as by im- 
puting folly to the late King.' And 
jet it is sadly observable how prone 
the generality of mankind ji to em- 
brace falsehood in the place of truth ; 
for, under the notion of a weak, and 
pusillanimous, instead of a modest 
and gentle Prince, factious ambitious 

Xirits traduced him to his peiaiie. 
Bd it is as true, that as that false 
opinion had gotten deepe roote, so 
toe discovery of it was equally, if not 
more, destructive to his Majesty, than 
the former; for the first made him 
odIv held uofitt to govern, the last 
iiontt (or a( least unsafe) to live. And 
that 1 may say somewhat in order 
hereunto, I rememl>er very well, that 
Sir Henry Vane the younger, in a 
discourse that 1 had with bini (dur- 
' mz tbe treaty in the Isle of Wight), 
told me that they were much de- 
rived in his Majesty, who was re- 
presented to them to be a weak 
person, and that they believed him 
to have been so, but that they now 
found him far otherwise, and that 
he was a person of great parts and 
abilities. Hereupon he informed me 
that they must consider their own 
securities, and that he feared the 
time was past to doe any good by 
treaty. And that the effect of these 
fears made good this their too late 
observation, his Majesty soon after 
felt, by the councel Is and hands of most 
iahuroane and barbarous regicides/' 

" One thing more my weak un* 
derstanding would have desired in 
this worke, which is, that it had been 
written in a more vulgar and easy 
stile ; for some phrases, and especi- 
ally some words, though derived from 
Greek and Latin original Is, have not 
((o ray observation) been as }et oa- 
turalisEed amongst us. But as this is 
the effect of j^reat reading, it ill be- 
comes one of my slender parts to say 



other, but that he wisheth it had 
been more easy and agreeable to hit ' 
capacity.** 

Mr. UanAir, M, Temple^ Jufy 5. 

THE two following Letters, though 
neither signed nor directed^ are vBk^ 
the hand-writing of the time in which - 
they bear date, and appear to be worth 
preserving in your literary store* : 
house. Yours, &c. CAaAooc. 

Dear Sir, ff^esimituier, Sep. 7» 78. 
1 have heard that there will be a 
Parlament in Dublin ; but the day of 
their first meeting, no man here can tell • 
me. To mee it is likely that it will not" 
be before Octob. I, when ours are to meet 
at Westminster* 1 make no question 
but ye shall have a Convocation of tbe 
Clergi in Dublin at tbe same time ; and 
perhaps Our Freind may be chosen Pro- 
locutur ; if they that think it an honor 
worth striving fur, doe not object that 
be never yet was present in any such. 
Assembly either in England or Ireland^ 
and therefore cannot be so fit for that 
Chaire as those that have scene and heard 
perhaps two or three Prolocutors before. 

Heer Is a man that thinks that any 
member of that Assembly may fill that 
place as well as tbe most accomplished 
Clerk in Ireland. For, saith he, soma 
Freind may pen a speech, not imperii* 
nent, nor bad Latin, nor void of due re- 
spect to tbe Archbishops and Bishops ; 
the new Prolocutor hath no more to doe 
but to get this by heart ; and as soone 
as tbe Presenter's speech is ended, hee 
may. l>egin and deliver a second : and 
when my Lord Primate hath answered 
them both, hee and all tbe rest, without 
reply, take their leave, and return to the 
place from whence they cajne ; where 
they shall have nothing to doe, but, aa- 
at Westminster, to meet every morning 
at prayers. 

For they shall not be called upon for 
pecuniary aides to the King. See tbe 
Act /o9- raising Mony by a PeU and 
othervnse (which Act passed at WesC-^ 
minster the SOih day of March, 1677-78.) 
As also the Actybt* disbanding the Army 
(which passed at Westminster, July 1(, 
1678). Both those Acts involve the £n^ 
lisb Clergi in all those great paimenur» 
without calling upon them for conces- 
sions distinct from those of the Laicks. 
And without doubt it will be so with 
this Parlament in Ireland. Nor have 
they reason to expect that their Convo«> 
cation shall l)e turned into a Synods. 9Xi\ 
that the Business of reforming the Be- 
clesiasticall Lawcs, or augmenting the 
mimber of Articles of Doctrine, should 
be referred to them* Who can tell how 

many 



1817.] Letiet respeettHg the C6mo€aii§nin Ireland in 1678. 31 



wu^ y^trct more ntiit put» before the 
Oaqiitliall' hm set ftboBC that work In 
Bagliiidi and bow qiueb time it fnH 
m^ife, before tliey will be able to finitb 
It? Wben all is eonchided lieer, perbape 
belaml tball lie told, wbat hatb patied 
in 'Swland to tliat purpose; and 
tet ^tatfljOnster bopetb that DuUiii 
viU eoacorr. Wa bave not lieard tiiat 
•■7 oUms eourae was. taken for tbe Al- > 
tawtkffS mada in tlie EnslUb Litiurfie 
ii[yio.l6SS» and for tbe introdacini: it 
kto tka datbodfals a^d Parish Cborebas 
afJMmnd. 

8b that there Is reason to liope that 
t#<ei7 one of yonr CmiwemH will be able 
iaoaigli to doe his part of all tbe bnsi- 
Dem that will lie required of them at 
^ds time. And by that time tbkt any 
one of them come to sit in an Irish Sy- 
ttody he mmr be lull franfht with all 
mannar of knowledge requisite for so 
vanofable an Assemllf . * 

h new worky eonslstinif of three gretA 
iPol«BBes» called G hu ari mm , hath de» 
moored oor Speknan a|id all oclmv that 
t|w Compilers could heare of. lu use 
maj be veiy great to keep men from 
■risuoderstandinf the Canon Lawjiers. 
and other Medim JStatis Scriptores. 
The priee ia 45 I4vres in Quires in 
Aanee ; where It iras printed, and 
whea ce not one eoppy is yet co'roe into 
Bnglabd ; because the French Custom- 
koliscs at this time scarce let any bookes 
pass. But that dil&culty may be soone 
removed. 

I shall long to heare that this came 
safe to your hands, as 1 now acknow- 
ledge that Aug. x« yours of July 3d came 
to tbe hands of your faithful servant, 

10. 80. id est, «▼ fi* 

Reverend! Patres et Domini, 

Nos inferioris Convocationis Domiis 
Cleroa, juxta requisitionem vestram 
nobis ultimo Sessiune factam, recedeu- 
tes, maturo interea habito per iu>s con-v 
silio, hunc Reverendum et Doctum Vi- 

rum in Prolocutorem sive Refe- 

rendarium ejusdem Domtlsnostne una- 
nimiter elegimus} ipsuroque ^ regione 
sistimus et pnesentamus ; bumiliter pe- 
tentes quatenus Reverendas vestrse Pa- 
teniitates electionem sic factum accep- 
tare et confirmare, ipsumque ad officium 
prsedictum cxequendum admittere dig- 
Dentnr. 

Reverend! Patres et Domini, 

Quanqoam huic Provincie et Oneri 
hoineris meis plan^ impari, per Collega- 
rum menrum suffragia eleetns sim in 
Prolocutorem eoruni, ejusdem Officii 
pcorsos indlgnus ; vires taroen et co- 
natus meos, qnantilli et qualescunque 
ftterint, vohSs Patribus & Ecclesifls Ma- 



trix temiissimatil lie^ rietlmam, libcs- 
ter et bumiliter subjicio at devoveo. 

Nos hane Electionem Prolocutoris Do- 
miis vestrsB, quatl legitime et rit^ fao- 
tam, aceeptamus, eandemque eonflrm»* 
mus ; vosque omnes ad negotia domni 
et officio vestris incumbentia remlttU 
mus et relinquimus exequenda. 

I received these three Fomnilm fnm 
an old Actuary or Noury of tbe Wet^ 
minster Convocation. He said, he had 
heard Speeches of more than half aa 
boor long, wben those few lines would 
have done as well, if not better. 

Perhaps lAa fsesnd of these wiU m* 
ver be of use to our Freind. For the Je- 
suites will appoint all the M embf^rs oC 
both Houses of the next Convocation, If 
their Plot sweietL But, if it /mir, it Ig 
hoped that ourFreind may be or the Upper 
House before your Parliament begin. 

Sir, Octdk. 19/l67f. • 

. Yours from Kilkenny of Sept. Ifj^ I 
received Just three weeks ague } so that; 
I hope this will finde yen at Dnbliii* 
Tbe adioinedi papers [8 pagdDss de Hi* 
bernia. « 8 de Batavis, fteV] are excerpts 
(not by mee) out of depositions sworn 
before a Justice of peaee*! and sfaiee seatt<* 
ned luid sifted at Whitehall. I bop» 
you will read them twice over befoM 
you throw them Into the fire^ as ytm 
may think fit to doe without sbewln|p 
tbem to H. Gr^ if you be sore that km 
hath already received a. coppy of them^ 
from another hand. But otherwise, I 
shall be content that you shew them ta 
your Lord, and tell him whose hand 
wrote them, if he ask you ; not else, f 
shall think the time long till in your 
next I see that these papers come safe 
to your hand. Adieu. 

[Extra] Sir, for your selfe. 

Mr. Urbaw, London^ July 'II » 

IREaUEST to offer you some cor« 
rections of Mr. Carter's descrip* 
tion of the Tonib of Dagobert, for- 
merly in the Abbey Church of St« 
Denys, and on bis concluding refers 
ence to the state of our own CathcH 
dral and other great Ciiurches (Mag*, 
for Maj, p. 4123.) After describing 
the Monument of Dag««hert from 
Montfaucon, Mr. Carter, if I rightly 
underst»pd his account of tbe paint- 
ing, telis us of a small altar pro- 
jecting^ from it centrical! J, its screen* 
curtains, Ac. which must be so po- 
sited as to exclude from the view* 
and leave it very difficult to fay wbat 
these sumptuous dressings were placed 
before. But it is certain that no al- 
tar is ever annexed to, or forms part 

of 



32 Picture of a Tomb in the Interior of St. Denys*. [July^ 



of any other monument than the 
•hriue of a Saint. This may be learn- 
di by a walk into Westminster Abbey. 
At the head of St. £dward*8 shrine 
was an adjoining altar ; but the altar 
inlhechantryofHenry Vll.i/iplacedat 
some distance, Easterly of the inouu- 
meut^ It is in the same way iu Wick- 
liam*§ monument at Winton $ and iu 
^Felibten's plan of St. Denys we find 
Ml allar forrain<( a part of the shrine 
of St* H3fpol.yte, martyr, and of St. 
Denys t as we do in the ancient shrines 
sbewn in Somoer^s view of the East- 
ern extremity of the monastic Church 
of St. Augustine at Canterbury. Da- 
Robert, however, was never deemed 
A Saint ; his anniversary was kept at 
St. Denys, 19 January, with all the 
solemnity due to a prmcipal benefac- 
tor* and thirteen poor persons were 
fed and clothed on that day in the re* 
fectory, where they proceeded imme- 
diately after high mass. Hence, as the 
historian of that Abbey remarks, he 
never was supposed but to stand in 
need of the suffrages of the Church \ 
and we must, it appears, look to some 
other object witbin the same Abbey 
Church, in explanation of this early 
picture. What has besides some de- 
ffree of singularity is, that a view 
kKiking Eastward, and taking in the 
Eastern part of the choir, and in the 
Extreme distance the windows of the 
{aHery over the Eastern aisle of the 
^hoir, should yet have la the distance 
the choir screen and rood-loft, of 
course to the Westward, and in this 
case posited behind the spectator. 
- Hence I am disposed, not without 
due- regard! to Mr. Carter, to ima- 
gine it to represent a North view of 
the shrine of St. Denis,. by the hand 
of the scientific and memorable Al- 
bert burer. This was placed in the 
chevetofthe Abbey Church, the spot 
behind the high altar \ it was raised 
to some height above it, and from 
whence there was, on either hand, an 
ascent by some steps, and thus a view 
of the rood-loft might from (his ele- 



vated spot be had to the Ief>. But 
what has induced lue much further to 
this supposition is, that the descrip- 
tion from the painting corresponds 
exactly with that of the shrine, as 
completed by the. Abbot Suger; o 
most splendid piece of jewellery and 
goldsmith work *, surmounted by ■ 
cross of extreme maenificence, in 
precious stones, the laboart of froflii 
five to seven artists for two years ; 
while the high altar, althoagh bot 
wanting in these sumptuous luateriab, 
was finished by a plain cross, mado 
by Si. Eloy. The table besides, aa 
noticed by Mr. Carter, is far too small • 
for that of the principal altar. The 
vestment, named a cope by your de- 
scriber, is evidently a casula, no other 
having a cross upon the' back (the 
chesibl^ of our old writers), viz. thai 
of the celebrating priest, and drflRbr- 
ing in tota forma from a cope. What 
is called the holding up of the wafer • 
flight have been less squeamishly and 
quite technically, as it should be from 
Mr. Carter, termed the elevation of 
the host, at which time, if he waa 
ever present at mass, or read Iho 
Rubric, be must know the train of 
the casula is raised by the assistants. 

Little am 1, however, disposed to be- 
lieve that our ancient Cathedral or 
like Churches did ever bestow the 
wide and immense overiayings and 
settings- forth of altars and screens 
on holidays and festivals, which Mr. 
Urban's enraptured Architect beholds 
in the visions raised by the intense 
warmth of his own imagination : 
these were marks of excessive re- 
spect heaped upon objects of singu« 
lar veneration, and far too costly to 
be otherwise applied. The state of 
our former altars may well generally 
be learned from his own woik on St. 
Alban*8, in the views of the retable of 
the high altar, and those of two 
others on either hand of the choir- 
door.* What was the high altar at 
Canterbury, is to be made out from 
Somner. All these were very impot- 



* The tomb of St. Denys was enclosed by figures of gilt copper, with an opea 
space admitting an interior view. Suger placed in front a retable of gold, weigli- 
mg xxxxii marks, enriched with sapphires, liyaciuths, emeralds, topazes, and other 
precious stones, the presents of Kings, Bishops, and eminent persons, with tba 
cross mentioned above on the apex. The high altar bad also its three compart- 
ments ; the Abb^ Suger had added a compartment on each side one in the eentrw 
presentetl formerly by Charles le Chauve. Jewels were not spared ; he added a 
piece in front wholly gold ; as were the candlesticks presented by Lewis VI. of xj^ 
marks weight.— From Dom Felcbien's History of St. Denys, p. 174. 

6 ing, 



1817.] Monumental Dilapidatwns in Westminster Abbey. 33 

■Hr, and had their pecoliar richef i various denpoiled parts on the upper 

bat it was the shrioes only of St. Al- fiuishioj^s orBdward^s Chapel. It hat 

baa and St. Thomas that blazed in been the reprehensible practice to 

those CiiurcliCs with a profusion of throw over it, at Coronations, witb- 

|ciDf aud the precious aielals. out the least care or consideration, a 

L'tloMMB OES Chamfs. tempordrv floor, lo render the Cha- 

» pel a secluded chamber for Royal 

Mr.'TJRBAV, July \9> Personages to retire into duriufr cer« 

EVER apologizing for my friend tain offices in the Coronation cere- 

the '** Architect,*' it must with mony. Take notice therefore of the 

CoDcerD be communicated, thut hit work at back of high altar; canopj 

beaJth is declined so much of late of Richard 11. i monument of Edward 

that it is entirely out of his power to ill.; di:to Queen Philippa; ditto West 

carry on the *^ Architectural Inno- front of monu^nentat chapel of Hen rj 

tations.*' if a return of so great a V.; ditto Henry [II.; ditto, and lastly, 

Bleating should take place, his labours the Shrine of the Saint itselt'. 

will be renewed.-— As study recollec- In North aile of choir the screent 

tioos, I shall- m the mean time advert and monuments siding the aile exhi- 

to some roonu'iitental dilapidatiout bit similar marks of inattention, and 

▼inble in particul ir points of the firom similar causes. 

Abbey Church, at We^tininstei'. Henr> Vlirh's Chapel. At the in- 

At the funeral of a late Lord Bath, stallatiun of the Kuights of the Bath 

abtfui the year 1765, I being then anottier practice (no safeguard to 

tome 16 or 17, attended to see the Antiquities) is resorted to, in building 

ceremony, which was by torch-light, up within the whole area at the East 

opposite the tomb of Edward 1. in end, a large theatrical scaffolding for 

tbe aile below. 1 stood with many the music and cotnpany. Here the ue- 

othert OD tbe tomb. The crowd and ceiisary care seems lo have been neg* 

coofusion was so great, that several lacted,fromthevistble marks of oumer- 

fentlemen, thinking it necessary to ous small disfigurements on all hands; 

efend (for their own and the com* and it is believed the several screent 

paoy*t safety) the stairs into the Cha- filling; in the lower portions of the 

pel of the Confessor, not only drew ^vg recesses or small chapels, at said 

their swords, but tore d(»wn the oak East end, have on the like occasions 

canopy above Edward's ii emorial, to been at various times knocked down 

convcfrt it into weapons, in such piecemeal, or otherwise got rid of. 

ttate it now remains. The extremities ofsurrouu'iing screen 

The funeral of the late Duchess of of Henry's tomh, so extraordinary and 

Northumbtrlaod, (the mother of the so beautiful, torn away and disfigured. 

Duke of that name who was interred To change the subject, let us ad- 

tbit day about one o*clock, ushered hy vert toother objects in the Church, 

much pompousshu w,) 1 782, took place perhaps deserving ofsome atteni ion.-— 

by torch-light at four in the morn* Wax statue of Charles II. Although 

io^, to avoid tbe mischief of too great much ridicule has been thrown on 

a uuml>er of persons interrupting the these kind of memorialn, an excep- 

tame; which, however, was not the tion must he had with that of our 



:, as the concourse of people was so Second Charles: the likeness is ex- 

Dumerous at the screens to the small ceedingly strong, perhaps a mould 

chapels surrounding the South aile i>f from the Monarch's own features; 

the choir (in the further end of which the figure and attitude adiuirabfy 

It the Percy vault), that many had well formed ; and tbe robes, th« 

their arms and legs broken, and were individual insignia he wore at the 

otherwise much bruised. The screens first Installation of the Knights of 

of course became much despoiled, the Garter at Windsor, For some 

bat were soon replaced as now wit- confirmation of this, see Ashmule't 

netsed. From this time no burials History, &c. After thei>e considera- 

have been performed by torch -light, tions, now can we reconcile the neg- 

except Royal ones; a sufficient guard lected state this figure is at pre- 

atteuding, to keep order on the oc* sent held in ? Is his repreientation to 

cation. fade in sight, as his name it wished to 

To account in some degree for the die on the memory ? 

Gent. Mag. Julyy 1817. In 



34 Westminster Ahbey, -^Report (m Cliinhing B<nfs, -[J^ily*^ 



In a box inclosiog oth^r Rojal 
wax figures in 1 slip's chantry has 
been substituted, bj way of covering, 
fome compartmented work of small 
iDosaic ornamental carvings and 
paintinjgs of figures, of a design so 
delicate, an execution so exquisite, 
that an absolute view alone of the 
same, and that with the utmost atten- 
tion, can give the least idea thereof. 
No hesitation need be made, when it 
is affirmed, that it must have been a 
•mall portion of the highly estimated 
f brines that once rendered the scenic 
display of the interior of this pile so 
shming and so glorious! 

Present High Altar-screen, a gift 
from Whitehall Chapel, by Queen 
Anne; no way acceptable to' Anti- 
quaries, they reflecting what intrin- 
sic Architectural treasure is concealed 
behind, appertaining to the original 
screen, against which it is reared up; 
they having before them the several 
Prints published by their Society ap- 
pertainmg to the death and funeral 
of Isiip, wherein the screen is fully 
•hewn. 1 1 is certainly a circumstance 
to smile at, when, in the ornaments 
of this bounty of Anne, we discover 
(pointed out by Dr. Milner) Angels 
with incense-pols, and other utensils 
of our antient altars. 

Nor should the extensive, rich, and 
elaborately-wrought mosaic before 
the altar be overlooked; as, it is 
feared, is too much its lot. It 
may be' said to excel that at Canter- 
bury; but a comparative consideration 
will best determine their superiority. 

And what is not hid from beau- 
teous view by the hording-np fence 
on each side the choir at this end of 
the building! • In front, £dward Con- 
fessor's Shrine and Henry V's Chantry. 
On the left, monuments ofAveline, 
Valence, and Crouchback. On the 
right. Priests* stalls, rich and splen- 
did in themselves, and highly or- 
Jiamented, painted, gilt, &c. with 
foliages, and whole-length figures 
of our Kings, as seen by Prints pub- 
lished by the Society or Antiquaries, 
drawn and engraved by the late Mr. 
J. Basire, at a time when the pre- 
sent mongrel choir-work of fences, 
stalls, &c. were done by one Kean, 
surveyor, who removed the famous 
whole-length Painting of Richard II. 
oow huitp^ up in the Jerusalem Cham- 
ber. It IS engraved by Vertue, and by 
myself in *' Antient Scnipture aod 
Painting.** These performances vtaut 



comparing with the Original, to 
certain where correctness lies. 

Yours, &c. J. Caktm. 



Mr.UaBAV, JvXy^ 

THE very humane Hepurt of the ' 
Committee of the ftousei of 
Commons, appointed to examine the 
several Petitions which have been pre- 
sented to the Houise, against the em- 
ployment of Boys in sweeping Chiin* 
neys, and who were empowered to 
report the same, with their Opinion 
and Observations thereupon, toge- - 
ther with the Minutes of (he Evi- 
dence taken before them, conclude^ 
with the following very interestiog 
recommendation: 

<* Having shortly detailed the leading 
facts of the evidence which has beea 
given before them, of the miseries whicfa^ 
the unfortunate class of lieings who art 
sold to this Trade experience, your Cpaw 
mittee have with great anxie^ examined 
various persons, as to the possibility of 
performing by the aid of Machinery wha$ 
is now done by the lal>onr of the Climli- 
ing Boys. The result of their inquiries 
is, that though there may lie some dif- 
ference of opinion as to the extent tb>* 
which machinery is here applicable, yet 
the lowest calculation of practicail and 
experienced persons. Master Chimney 
Sweepers themselves, who have l>eea 
brought up in the trade, establishes 'the 
fact, that of the chimneys in the metro* 
polis three-fourths may be as well, at 
cleanly, and as cheaply swept by mecha- 
nical means as by the present method $ 
and the remaining part being, on the 
very greatest calculation, one-fourth o£ 
the whole number, with alterations that 
may easily and cheaply be made, can be 
swept also without the employment of 
the Climbing Boy. Mr. Bevans, an ar- 
chitect much conversant with buildingH 
in the metropolis, has no doubt that 9S 
out of< 100 can be swept by the macbinea 
that are at present in use ; km\ he has 
also no doubt that, supposing there was 
to be a legislative enactment that no 
chimney should be swept by the means 
of Climbing Boys, that easy sul»stitutet 
could be found that would sweep every 
chimney that now exists. He adds, that 
though there may be difficulties ii) clean- 
ing an horizontal flue, from the quantity 
of soot, yet it is equally bad for the boys 
as for the machine ; because the boy, as 
he comes down, has an accumulation of 
soot about him, which stops up the cir- 
culation of air necessary to support life. 
So that it is evident,, in all those chim- 
neys where, under their present construc- 
titu, the machine tauuot be used, the 

ha^afd 



^tgarfl df 1m8~ 0f life to the boy wlib Jnicef f it ii in the foil Tigoaf of ▼€• 

mept tBem if tAait hnminelit. ; g^etatioo f torgid with the abondaned 

* Some of thaw fltfe« are stilted not to of iti YarioiM f uicet, the lem^i ai« 

baaii«*<r«even inches tqaaRi and one diitended to their utmort capacitT. 

of the wuii««es who Ml«t^ thif ftct to ^nd the tree if less solid than at aor 

SiSrTS'^l' *"?~L^*J*!!?u*!* o*«>«' «*«ne of the year. It Is ^ 

hiaMP had been often itihaBard of hia j««„ u thu .ft.tl 1 -...-iUw - r S 

«^;s k»dtliatbefaMlreqnentWsw<^a fuTJlT^n- Jl^^li 1^^ k^^^II? 

Smmmtm floe in Goldimiiliif HalTia i"'*^ .*'''.'' "?*' i,"* *..^"^*' >*I 

vhidi^a ins ahiit up she ho«irs ,bafofe juan^'tj »• rclaioed id its jM^ds, and 

hiitiiofffc «;asfiiiishedL Upon a review '"^^ are not to he expelled. Long; 

Sa of tht-m^^afiem^ the evUs neces^ ''^^S ^°$ teaflonipg aHer the Ofttaf 

sirihr brleogiac to this trade, as well as method, la requisite to deprive them 

o^.tlia flwnMies whieh JuTve been sag* of their ve^etatiog powers i aod wheii 

gi^ed,. ffUit^inthetttfastitotlQno^me- that is eflfected« the Timber Is nei* 

<b^eml siieans, thus superseding the ther so strong nor durable as that' 

a B cW ty of employing children in this feiied in the Autumn or Winter. Mr/ 

faisfol and deffnuKng trade; and, Se- Knight has shewn ihat Winter-felled 

ssDdly, hi allowing the system to 4son. Timber i» more dense than that which 

tfane tn the main as it is, wkh only i, cut in the Spring, or earry part of 

^ m»e..dmen<i to the existing law. Summer. He cut two oak poleTfroa 

Sa7i^ali^!s^ for SIX weeks by a firei he then found 

sad , that as kog aa Master Chimney ™ 9^i^ gniiij of the Winter, 

iaaepafa an panritted to employ CUmb- J.*"" *» "»• <>••''»* **>•* ^ the Spring: 

iif Bogra, the natunil result of that per- '^"^ ^-^99. Here, then, is adecisivd 

pisslMft arili be cbe continiumce of those proof of the superior quality of Wia^ 

nrisiriai whieh the Legislatuijre has ter-feUed Timber. At the eiid of A»» 

ssiiglit» but wfdeblthas failed, to put an tumn tfie tree has completed its y^ 

snd-foi tiiey ther efo re recommend, that getation; the sap and peculiar juicea 

the nsa of CthMbiiig Boys should be pro- no longer exist in it as such, but are 

UUted altogether; and that the age changed into wood and other solid 

it which the apprenticeship should com- matter, and in consequence are nol 

BMBce should be extended from eight to ^o ranch disposed to decomposition 

'^!:!n!L;?!f^^..i?" t!l\T." '}' ^ they were when in a sUle of fluU 



Ibotinf as others which take ap- au^. tu^ «o«z... ;. ««- i„ « - a 

prentiees at that age , and, finally. Voir &,1?h o if A " ^ Fl^\ *"* 

Omimittee have c5me to the following ^^l^f^' "^ . *" ^^k"'^"''*' ^^ '^^^^'^J 

Resolation : * is fit for cuttmg, being in a state of 

"That the Chairman be directed to ■""Ponded animation, which state, I 

move for leave to bring in a Bill for «app«»e,roay be prolonged by cutting 

preventing the further use of Climbing ou the sources of future vivifi'catioo. 

Boys in sweeping of Chimneys." I have noticed Elm trees which were 

m^ cut down in the Spring, germiiiating 

MhUnBAir, ChalhamtJvly I' the iucceediog Spring, and, on rend- 

IN the paper on Dry-rot, which ingaway part of the bark, have found 
you were good enough to in- the sap in circulation i had these 
sert in your Magazine for May, I trees been cut and converted to use* 
have traced out what I consider to I have no doubt that, instead of find- 
be the cause of that process. I now ing a branch, I should have seen a 
beg your insertion of the following fungus. From the above 1 draw the 
plan to prevent it. As 1 consider all conclusion, that the Spring is an im- 
methods for curing Timber already proper time to fell Timber, and thai 
iafected futile, 1 shall proceed to its being loaded 'with juices disposes 
shew how Timber may be procured, it to a hasty decay. 
so as to be able to resist its attacks. It will be objected to the plan of 
1 take the felling of Timber at an cutting Timber in the Autumn and 
improper season to be the predispos- Winter, that the bark will be mined. 
iag cause, the presence of water and \i has been proved that trees will con- 
of heat the operating and stimulat- tinue to grow and flourish when de- 
ing causes of the process. At that prived of a great part of that cover- 
time of the year that Timber is now ing; it will be of no injurious con- 
feUed U ii full of the sap and peculiar sequence to the tree, then, to strip it 

of 



36 ffow to prevent JJry-rol in Timber. [J 

of its bark at the most cooTenient itruction, but without stOTCf ^ 

time, and suffer the tree to remain thus Timber in a short time m^ 

liotil Autumn to complete its vege- rendered fit fur use, well seas* 

tatiou *, taking care to envelope the and of greater durability aud stn 

trunk with hay or straw bands, so than that at present used. 

fts to defend the sap vessels from the To dimmish the heat of the i 

BUD and wind. Biit, even supposing sphere on shipboard, and in buiU 

that the growth of the tree shoulo is the next consideration. ThenK 

be aflTected by these means, yet it will for ships that are laid up in- bar 

be the external zone afone that will and for building*, is, to open-cba 

suffer, and that is of but trifling con- for the free ciri'.ulation of air in 

sequence, as, in the conversion of parts of them. For ships in em 

Timber for shipping especially, that let a number of conical boh 

part is cut aw«y. By these means, made, 8c> that their bases shall 

then. Timber may be procured free immedi-Uely heiow the lower 

from sap and the peculiar juices, to (in ships of war called the guu^i 

^hich fluids the fungus owes its uri- and the summit of the cone r 

|;in; for, upon analysis of it, I found it approaches the outside, so 

it yielded most of the principles of make it of as great a height 3 

which the) are, composed t : procure the water-line as pcf^sible. To 

Timber fret' from these two fluids, and holes solid cones of oak shou 

fungus will be prevented. fitted, be wound round with oi 

At the end of Autumn a small por- and smeared with tallow, and 

tion of water will remain in the tree, driven in hard. On each side < 

and, in conveying it to the- various conical hole a strong stipfe 

places at which it is to be used, more fixed, and the solid cone fan 

will necessarily be absorbed. To ex- with an iron face and knob, a i 

pel this, and to season the Timber, bolt pa^jied through the staplei 

The logs should be first sided, or cut over the knob, would effectual 

out into their different qualifications, cure it in its place. In fair we 

aud then placed in sheds constructed the cones being withdrawn, ai 

forthat purpose, of largecapacily, and boles being in number about ti 

with sides of swinging loover-boards; equidistant fore and aft oa 

in these must be placed stoves, ihe sides, an abundance of fresh air 

funnels of which should run through be poured in through them inl 

the whole length of Ihe building, and lower parts of the ship. Large I 

be capable of raising their atuo* might also be passed down tht 

aphere to a teinperature Between 90° and stern} and a communication 

and top®, when some of the loover opened fore and aft in the holi 

poairds are canted to admit a current part of the ship, which is now 1 

of ^ir; those to windward should be sidence of noxious vapours anc 

canted below, and those to leeward ed air, would by these means I 

filoft; care must be taken that the dered cool and wholesome; anc 

current of air be not very rapid. By might be kept open at all times. 

adopting this method, the water may furnished with a hood to prevc 

}ie totally expelled in a few weeks, rain and sea passing down theui 

and the Timber may then be removed of the lubes at each end of tli 

toother buildings of the same con* should be considerably shorte 

• The practice of barking trees in the Spring, and felling them in the \ 
is of ancient date ; it was recommended in 1687 by Dr. Plot t to King Jai 
Second, and by him referred to the consideration of the AdmiraUy and Navy J 
f Analysis of Fungus.— To the decoction | added : 

1. Solution of I^itrate of Silver, precipitated Bitter principle. 
S. Do. Gelatine Do. Tannin. 

3. Infusion of Galls JDo. Gluten. 

4. Muri^ite of Alumine Do, Extractive. 

5. From the Spirituous Tinpture, Water precipitated Resin. 

6. Evaporated the Spirituous Tincture, residuum Resin. 

X It is indispensable ^o keep Timber dry at all times for its preservatior 
posiug It in stacks to the Rain and Sun is the sure means of its destruc 
bave known thousands of loads ol Timber to be ruined for want of the ab< 
caution. 



1817.] Coirr^spgndenec on drocloping HercuIaDeom fioUt;, 37 

- thf ifihtu for th^ :pur|f of« of conTej- t)ie honour to addrott to me, I t«ke th« 

mg Away Uie heated air. . earliest opportunity of forwardior to yon 

TbiHL I prenime, 1, have poioled out my answer. 
VieUiods oi obtiatiog the causes of In the first place. Sir, I must request 
Off -roi.. Rv* J}±DB0 ^^*^ y^" ^'^' accept the expression of my ' 

^ !■ a^know'ledgtnents for having hdbpleas- 

HBRCULANEUM rolls. ^ to direct your attention towards me, 

CH rratpm i imm rtUHwe f • pr^potilitfik ^ ^^^ th:nkin«: me capable of under- 
I ^^ At. SicXiXE Ml th9 m^m:i ^tkmr takinir »nd executing: a work» which, up 

. immifijpt m mU , {Setp, 57 J to the present moment, has almost use- 

1« ^ T. TvawutTT /e Dr. Sicsjia. '*•**> occupied so many of our most enr 

<*8iR, f*#m, Dfc.^Ay 1816. |««htened scholars and experienced art-' 

It ia with the f reatesVsatisfaction ^^^ • ^"^ which has involved them in 

tbatl have just received your Memoir, ^*nous perplexities without any bent-' 

Sion the subject of the H(>rcttlaii«»um ^^'^ result. Jf I have offered nsyself to 

annseri|fts, addressed to the Royal So<> ^^® attention of the publick as possessinr 

•iety of 4ru and Sdences at GSttinsen, J**°"* means to further these labours, I 

and read at a meeting of that learned ^^^® ^^ ^^ ^^^^^ object In view than to 

ho4y the dth of December, 1814. render myself of use to the cause of lite- 

, 1 can assure you. Sir, that after the ^a^ure, as well sis to society in generaL 

perusal of this Memoir, I feel my hopes,. , ^ ^^^^ number of experiments which 

%i fieeiu^ the contents of these volumes, ^ ^'^^ made upon rolls of comofion pa- 

aon^iderably inorr.a8ed ; and, under this Pf ^ ffumroed together and then earbo- 

ifspreftsiou, 1 lake the liberty of addrcsa- nised, as well as others upon a real Her- 

iag myself to you. . culaneum Rull, which had before been 

Mr. Hayter, wbo is doubtless known ^"^ ^7 ^^ Stntlemen at Naples with- 
te you by reput^tjon, and who has had ®^^ ^^^^ having been able to separsite 
much experieof^ in tl'e Neapolitan mode ^^^" ^ single transversa! line, have com- 
of Aievelopiug these precious relics, is' P^etelpr sucreeded : these elreumstances» 
BOW here with a view to unrol the six comhmed with many observations upon 
MipBuscripts given by Hni Mi^ty the ^b« *«me subject made at Naples, enable 
King of Naples to Buonaparte { but, oae to assert, as a man of honour, that 
being obliged to make use of the ancient «oy "node of unrolling these precious re- 
metbod, bis progress, in spite of all his ■»'^i"B of antiquity, appears to me to be 
seal, ha9 not been more rapid, nor bis *^** *'®"® calculated to produce to the 
success greater* than at Naples c and 1 ""^^^^ a knowledge of their contents, 
am persuaded, that, as long as this sys- ^" ^^^ enclosed paper, 1 have taken 
tcm is persisted in, it will be impossible, ^^^ liberty of speaking of my intentions; 
as you have well ob8erved,'for human in- **V*' *" '^"® stage of our negociation, you 
genuity to give the contents of these Ma- ^*** "^^» ^ *"* persuaded, in candour ex- 
ouscripts to the world. Under such cir- V^^^ ™® ^^ enter much into detail. 
cumsUnces, I shall feel myself highly ^^ ^^^ ^^^^^ ^^ ^^ris and in London 
obliged if ypu will have the goodness, l>ave writing only on one side, as they are 
with as little delay as possible, to inform co"nn>only found— If they are not lace- 
me whether it would be consistent with ^*}^^y ^^ ^o'" »n pieces, by any mecba- 
your present avocations to visit Paris "'^^^ violence — If they have not been in- 
fer the purpose of undertaking the ma- i"?"®*^ by the application of dru^, or che- 
nagement of the Rolls which are here, '"'^'** matter— If their writing has not 
and afterwards to proceed to England ^®" destroyed either by the action of 
with a similar view ? You will, perhaps, j^*"^' ^^ ^7 ^^e eflfect of damp— Finally, 
have the goodness, at the same time, to '^ ^^® obstacles which have hitherto pre- 
fiommunicate to me your ideas upon the rented themselves to their complete de- 
pecuniary recompense which you may ^elopement, are only those which have 
expect; upon which, I am satisfied, there o^^c^rreil at Naples up to this time, I un- 
will be but little difference of opinion. • <Jertake, Sir, to guarantee the complete 

1 am, &c. Thomas Tyrwhitt. '"ccess of my method. 

P. S. If by chance you have made any Professor Millin, who is well acquaint- 

ulterior experiments upon the Roll, of ^^ ***^** ™^» ^>*^ * a™ persuaded, have 

which you have sent an engraved co- "^ hesitation in assuring you, that it has 

lumn, and of which the subject is highly "ever been my practice either to commit 

interesting, you will infinitely oblige me myself, or to deceive those who have had 

by sending an account of them, together **** goodness to take an interest in me, 

withtwoorlbreeco)Hesofthe/acjimt7«.*' ^^ patronize my undertakings; and 

Messrs. Bluroenhaeh and Herren, the 

9, Dr, SiCKLER to Sir T. Tyrwhitt. distinguished Professors at GOttingen, 

"SiE, HHdlrttrghawen,Jan,3, 1817. *''®> among many others, ready to give 

Conformably to the desire expressed *^^ ™^^^ satisfactory testimonials upon 

i» the letter which you baye done me ^^^ V^lnU 

i Respeeti^g s 



38 Cori^spondence on developing Herculaneum Rolls. [July, 



Respecting your kind invitation to 
Paris, and afterwards to England, with 
the view of unrolling the Papiri which 
are in those countries, I have profited by 
your advice, and have subjoined . to my 
Prospectus, herewith enclosed, the Con- 
ditions upon which I should wish to en- 
ter upon the undertaking; and 1 should 
hope. Sir, that you will find them rea- 
sonable, and di elated by the nature of 
the circunistances of the case. 

With regard to tbe copies of the/ck? 
simile, which you have requested me to 
transmit, I regret much that I cannot 
send them with this letter. The last of 
them I sent to Mr. Millin. My book- 
seller, Mr. Bertuch, of Weimar, has got 
the plate, and, therefore, if I had waited 
to send to him for some fresh impres- 
sions, my letter would have been delayed 
for ten days at least: however, as the 
post (the only one in the week) departs 
this day for Weimar, I have written 
to Mr. Bertuch to send you six copies 
of the fac simile to your address at Pa- 
ris. I therefore hope. Sir, that these 
copies will reach you before your de- 
parture on the 20th instant : but, in 
case they should not arrive previously to 
your leaving Paris, I am sure Mr. Millin 
will permit you to take the copy which 
I presented to him. T[\\s fac simile Qon- 
tams only the half of a column' of a Her- 
culaneum Roll, the remaining part of 
inrhich, as well as the other separated 
columns, were destroyed in my trunk 
during tie journey. Sickler, 

Director of the Public School at 
Hildburghausen, and Member 
of the Hoyal Society at GSt- 
tingen, and of several others" 

5. Dr, Sickler to Sir T. Tyrwhitt. 
<* Sir, Hildburghau$en, Jan. 5,1817. 
I had the honour, two days since, 
according to your desire, of replying to 
your letter of the 34th of December ; 
but, having written in a great hurry, j 
could only touch upon the essential 
points^ such as my feeling a disposition 
to "go to Paris, and afterwards to Eng- 
land, for the purpose of undertaking the 
developement of the Papiri, upon the 
condition that application should b^ 
made to my Sovereign for leave of ab- 
sence for a limited time, and that such 
recompense might be a^orded me as 
the discovery of the secret of my inven- 
tion might seem to demand. Consider- 
ing, however, that there may be other 
points at present upon which I should 
speak, I have thought it my duty to 
write you a second letter, before our 
correspondence may be iutcrrupttd by 
your quitting the Continent. The zeal 
which you have manifested to further 



this enterprize« appears to me to be so 
well directed, that ( should for ever re- 
proach myself, were I not to expose to 
you every bearing of all the experimentf- 
which 1 have employed, during a series 
of many years past, for the accomplish- 
ment of my objecl. With this view, I 
take the liberty of trans mitt infif to yott 
my Dissertation, inserted in the Germaw 
Journal, '* CariositlUen^ pubUsbed at 
Weunar, by Mr. Bertuch, in 1615. In- 
this Essay, 1 have alluded to my newly 
proposed plan, making known, however, 
only those parts of it which might tend 
to attract public curiosity, and draw the' 
attention of men of learning, and of oar 
German courts, to the situation of the 
Herculaneum Rolls, as well as to my- 
views respecting them. This attempt 
has not entirejy failed of its effect ; an 
official application would have been 
made to the Court of Naples, if your 
mission. Sir, under the protection of 
His Royal Highness the Prince Re* 
GENT of England had not again at-- 
tracted public notice. Our gazettes 
have informed us, that Mr. Hayter is 
arrived at Paris with new means for ef- 
fectuating the developement of these' 
Rolls ; and, therefore, it has here been 
judged discreet to wait the result of his 
labours. 

But, Sir, beii\g now called upon by 
you, in a manner so flattering to my- 
self, to lend my assistance towards dis- 
sipating the difficulties in which Mr. 
Hayter must find himself, it is but just, 
on my part, to detail to you every elr- 
cumstance in my power respecting this 
subject. 

If you condescend to read through my 
Dissertatiouj you will perceive that 1' 
have not detailed all that 1 might have 
said : but by the Report of the Royat 
Society at G5ttingen, upon Iny Essay, as 
well as upon my JExposS ainiexed, you 
will observe, that the gentlemen com- 
posing the commission of that Society^ 
were made perfectly acquainted with my 
process. This mode of proceeding ap- 
peared to me to be preferable to any 
other means of public attestation, inas- 
much as the latter might be thought to 
hold out much more than was likely to 
be realized. You will also observe, that 
in no part of the said Report is there 
any mention of my having^ made expe- 
riments upon a real Herculaneum Roll'i 
all hough that Society was actually in 
possession of the fragment from which 
the fae simile was made at Weiikiar. I 
now. Sir, communicate to you this fact, 
requesting you, at the same time, to 
write to Mr. Blumenbacb, Secretary of 
the Royal Society, or to Mr. Herren, a(L 
Gottingeii, and to put the question to 
either of ihtm^fths the original frcig- 

mtwtf 



.18i7.3 Carrtspmiekct m deiftloping Herculi^nettih SoUs. %9 

at Ictttt, will enable ypn to reeehre them 
befofe your departure for Kogtand." 

4. Pmg^efforMiLLiiffeiSlirT.TrRWHiTT. 

** Sir, Paris, Jim, 18, 1817. 

I have the honour to acknowledgts 
the receipt of your letter respecting Dr. 
Sickler, of whom yon have request^ me 
to ij^ve you some particulars. 

With retpect to bis discovery, I cam 
assert uothinf^ as frooi myself, said I ap- 
prehend, upon that point,* yon are in 
possession of all the details which yo« 
can desire : the testimonials of Messrs. 
Herren and Blomenbacb m o( the hif^h- 
est consideration, and these are all in his 
favour. .There is, therefore, every re»- 
son to presume, that Dr. Sickler hat 
made an important discovery. As to my- 
self, I am firmly of that opinion ; bur, 
not havin§^ witnessed his operations, I 
cannot undertake to make any posithra 
assertion respectinj^ it. 

I can, however, venture to certify, as 
from myrelf, that, though it might not 
be impossible for Dr. Sickler to have Im- 
posed upon himself (but which I cannot 
.think veiy probable}, I think he is inca- 
pable of wilfully imposing upon any other 
person. I have known him for theta 
twenty years past; and I hive always 
found him a person passionately fond of 
Literature, of the highest probity, and of 
the most honourable character. He is 
the son of a very respectable minister, 
who attached himsetf much to horticul- 
tural inquiries, and who has published a . 
very interesting journal upon that sub- 
ject. He directed the attention of his 
son to the same study ; and the latter, 
adding to it a knowledge which he had 
acquired of history and antiquities, has 
edited a very curious work, entitled 
** Histohre generate de la CuUure det 
Arbres a Fruits,'* 1802, Bvo. Of this 
branch of agriculture, he gives an histo- 
rical detail from the most ancient times, 
and follows its pursuit through the his- 
tory of the migrations of several nations 
and of tlieir colonizations. To this work 
is annexed, corresponding charts, which 
considerably enhance the interest of the 

whole. 

Dr. Sickler. arriving at Paris, was like 
many other young persons of learning of 
his country, introduced to me, and I 
soon found him a situation in the bouse 
of Monsieur Delessert, a rich banker, 
whose very name is k sufficient euloginm 
upon his personal merit. He undertook 
the education of a young gentleman of 
the family, who all retain for him an un- 
alterable regard. During his residence 
at Paris, Dr. Sickler devoted himself to 
the study of the arts; and published a 
small work, iu German, entitled * The 

History 



tffirmst^McktkefliesimUewastmkenf 

m ilMr pmimim, mr not f At Weimar, 

the copyist made some faults, which 

I Jiavte endeavoured to correct in the 

.eonrsent to Mr.MiUin: the original I 

keq> to myself, and cannot allow it to 

hi iotpeeted withoat diseovering the 

gnater part of my seereti to whieh Pn>- 

.NMor Blvmenbach, in a letter, whieh I 

•luitpe the honour of inclosing to you, 

.aUndee. This letter « I take the liberty 

:to request you will return to me, either 

frsfli P»ris, or London ; as any use whieh 

>ndght be made of it may be disagreeable 

to Mr. Blhmenbach, or prtjudieial to 

myself. 

. In my Dissertation, 1 have made ho- 
nourable mention of the aeal of the 
British Government, and of Mr. Hayter. 
In the annotations there is, from page 
18 to 14, a description of the attempts 
jnade by several of the English mission 
for the developement and attainment 
of the contents of the Herculaneum Ma- 
noseripts. It is extracted from the Edi- 
tor of the Journal of the ** Msrgen 
.BlmUf* as you will perceive, and, there- 
fore, is not from me. It is perfectly 
tme, however, that much discontent 
was Bumirested at Naples {. but,^ well 
aware of the difficulties with which the 
undertaldng had to contend, I could not 
myself but duly appreciate the zeal and 
the merit of those who have preceded m^. 

I have just received a letter from our 
celebrated antiquary, Mr. Boettiger, of 
Dresden, with an extract of a letter from 
the Marquis Hausmann, at Palermo, to 
whom he addressed a foe simile of my 
fragment ; his answer has been highly 
favourable and encouraging to me. The 
Marquis Hausmann is held in high con- 
sideration at the Neapolitan Court, and 
he has sent the copy of my fragment to 
the Minister, Tommasi, at Naples. It 
is not improbable, therefore, that after 
completing my work in England and at 
Paris, I may, aided by this powerful, 
recommendation, and accompanied by 
English gentlemen well skilled in the 
Greek language, be able to complete 
the undertaking begun by Mr. Hayter 
fifteen years ago, and to continue my 
labours in that capital until the whole 
contents of these treasures of Literature 
are laid open to the world. Sickler. 

P. S. To-morrow, or the day after for 
certain, six copies of thefacsimUe will 
be sent to you by Mr.Bertuch, the book- 
seller at Weimar, who has got the plate. 
The courier, reaching Paris in ten days 

* The letter here alluded to, appeared 
to be perfectly satisfactory, and was, 
from motives of delicacy, returned to 
Dr. Sickler from Paris. 



\ • I 



40 



Herculaneam Rolls. — Hydrophobia. 



[Jul J, 



History of tbe Removal of the Works of 
Art," 1803, dvo. in which he traces their 
removal from one country to ani^ther, 
from remote ages down to the present 
time, and lias subjoined to it appropri- 
ate chronological tables : upon this 
work, howf.ver, I ought not to bestow 
any further commendation, since Dr. 
Sickler did me the lionour to dedicate it 
to me. 

In quitting the family to which I al- 
lude. Dr. ^kkler returned to Gotba, and 
from thence, ^ I have informed you, he 
went to Rome, where he lived very eco- 
nomically, and published a Map of tlie 
Anlrquities of the *' Campagna di Ro- 
ma," under the. title of " L* Almanac de 
Rome,*' in two most interesting volumes. 
With the remainder of his history you 
are acquainted. 

By this sketch of the life of Doctor 
Sickler, you will perceive that he i^ an 
ardent lover of literature and of (he arts, 
and that it is principally with this view, 
and in order to obtain a knowledge of 
what they contain (and not from any 
sort of speculation), he has entered into 
the subject of the Herculaneum Manu> 
scripts. He has a great knowledge of 
antiquity, and is . a good Grecian, and 
therefore cannot be considered in the 
light of a mere mechanical operator.— 
He \i a man of high honour ; and is, I 
am persuaded, incapable of imposition, 
or of any premeditated deception. 

I have thought it right to give you 
this long explanation upon the charac- 
ter and merits of Dr. Sickler, since it 
may possibly enable you the better to 
appreciate what he has said upon the 
importance of his discovery, the subject 
of which is of sufficient weight to re- 
quire it to be thoroughly canvassed; in- 
asmuch as it would grieve me, were so 
illustrious a character as the Prince Re- 
gent of England, who has demonstrated 
to the world such an ardent ze2\l for li- 
terature and the arts, as well as a Na- 
tion so generous as your own, to be sub- 
jected to fraud or imposition. 

I am, &c. A. L. Millin." 

5. Sir T. Tyrwhitt to Dr. Sickler. 

** Dbar Sir, Pa»*«, Jan, 19, 1817. 
I beg yop to accept of my best 
thanks for the promptitude with which 
jou have replied to my letter; and I 
have the pleasure to inform you, that I 
have this day received the fac similes 
from Mr. Bertuch, as well as two copies 
of your interesting work published in 
the ** Curiositaten" 

Respecting your questions as to the 
present state of the Rolls, I can answer 
affirmatively to them all — they are pre- 
cisely iu the same state as they were at 
Naples. 

6 



It is impossible for me, at you may 
easily imagine, to give you, at this mo- 
ment, any decisive answer to your other 
propositions; but I can assure you, that, 
with t^be exception of one or two of them, 
which I think will admit of some modi- 
fication, and which, perhaps, our mutual 
friend, Mr. Millin, wiH biut to you, they 
will have my support when i lay them 
before His Royal Highness the Prince 
Regent, who, as you well know, hae 
been, for many years past, the aeiiJous 
patron of this undertaking. I shall not 
fail to let you know the result of m^ 
communication. 

It will give me great pleasure to hear 
from you at your leisure ; and i remain, 
with much esteem, &c. 

Thomas TyrwhiIt." 



Mr. Urban, Seven Oak$f June t/^ 

ALLOW me to sugt^est to any Mem- 
ber of Parliament the means of 
rendering an essential service to man- 
kind. 

In speaking of Hydrophobia, I will 
not describe its horrors: the remedy 
has been sought in vain: the prevea- 
tive is neglected, or overlooked. 

It is well known, that a dog tha^ bat 
been wormed never biles when attack- 
ed with this disorder; bpt dies under 
its paroxysms quiet and innocuous. 

Is it not then obvious, that a law to 
enforce the worming of all dogt would 
ensure the human species from evea 
the dread of this fatal malady, and {pro- 
bably eradicate the disease from the 
canine species } The operation is sim- 
ple ; every village farrier can perform 
it ; the law would be short, and eaaily 
understood, inflicting a penalty od 
those who neglected it, and tbe de- 
struction of the dog uDwornied. 

Should any Member oC Parliament^ 
attracted by these observatioof, do- 
sire to be better tnfonued of tbe cor- 
rectness of the assertion, that a dog 
thfit has been wormed never bitea 
when under the influence of this dis- 
order, with a view of enforcing, by a 
Legislative Act, the |>reventive of 
this dreadful evil % I beg leave to ad- 
vise a more particular communicatioo 
on the subject with Dr. Jjenoer, that 
enlight(;ned friend of humanity. 

Is it necessary to add, that wonii« 
ing a dog is only the extracting of a 
ligament like a worm from under the 
tongue ? 

Yours, &c. A FARHfix rir Rixt. 

REVIEW 



I « ] 



REVIJIW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 



1. TV Hi4p JBtbU, aecordfngto Mr 
mUhmrwd Version; wUk Notes expta- 
Imttry amd praeHeal. taken from the 
flMff eminent rtfritert if the United 
Cknireh ^ Biif^Und and Ireland ; titge" 
tker wiik ap prep r iaie introdnetwns, Ta- 
Mfl^ itMUopet, Mapf^ and Ptans: Pre- 
pmred and arrangid by the Rev, Getjrf:e 
D'Oyly, B. D. and the Uev. Richard 
MtokUD.D Ihmeeiie Chaplains to his 
Grmeeike Lord Arehbkhop ^'Cant<*r- 
bury. Under the Direction of the So» 
vietjf for Promotfytt^ ( hristian Know- 
ledge* Fbr the Use of! Families, ^ 
vols, quarto. Rivingtuiis. 

THIS beautifal £ditioo of the 
Holy Scriptures, which is now 
ipncliided inSeveDteen Portioot^ re- 
flect! the highest credit on the veoerw 
able Society ander whose auspicett 
and at whose expence, the Work it 
pttbliflbedt and not less so on the two 
Yerj nypectable Oi?ines, under whose 
ni<»re immediate »uperintendance, 
and bj whose diligent and able re- 
searches into the labours of the ablest 
Commentators, the Notes have been 
most carefully selected and revised. 
Like the industrious Bee, they have 
extracted the sweets uf many a flower; 
and, provided the stock were truly 
Christian, have directed their atten- 
tion to man^ a pious Writer, whether 
within or without the pale of the Es- 
tablished Church *. 

Though it be a consideration of a 
minor nature, we must add that the 
Volunies are embellished with Eight 
Mapji, drawn for thifi Work, by Mr. 
Arrowsihith, and LVl other beautiful 
Plates, selected from the Designs of 
the ablest Masters; and that the price 
of the Work is actually less than the 
prime rost;-^tbe two lar^e quarto - 
volumes being charged at little more 
than three guineas. 

2. j1 General Fiew of the Christian 
Dispensation, in a Charge to the Clergy 
of the Archdeaconry of London, ai the 

* **The Notes are taken, upon all sub- 
jeeCs connected with Doctrine and Dis- 
cipline, from tlie roost eminent Writers 
of the Uniie(t Church of England and 
Ireland. In matters unconnected with 
those subjects, recourne has occasionally 
been had to other authorities. The Mar- 
ginal References are ailded; together 
wKb appropriate Introductions, Tables, 
and Indexes." 

Gent. Mag. July^ 1817. 



Ftsitation, May 16, 1817. Bp Joseph 
Holden Pott, A/, J. Archdeacon if 
London, and Vicar of St Martin*!- 
in the Fields. Published at the f- 
guest cfthe Qergp present, 4to. pp. S3. 
Rivingtons. 

WITH that proper authority wbicb 
fo well becomes Ibis ver) learned aad 
venerable Dignitar}, the Archdeacon 
enters immediately on the subject of 
his important '* Charge." 

•* In adverting," he says. ** to our 
own age, I do not mean to call your no- 
tire to any late events, or to any public 
measures now depending; nor to tb* 
minuter ))oints of any spvcial control 
versy ; however interesting suck topici 
might be, and however needful it may 
sometimes prove, to touch such quea** 
tions upon suitable oecasions. My con- 
aiderationt will not be confined to sueh 
particulars. —The reflections wbieb I 
nave to offer will respect the substance 
of all that is most intere>tinf to us aa 
Ministers of Christ, as candidates for 
future btessings, and as those who shall 
have to give account not- only for their 
own employment of that which they re- 
ceive fur their own profit, but of that 
with which they are entrusted for the 
benefit of others. — With an hearty de- 
sire, then, that they who have the in- 
terests (»f their fellow creatures most at 
heart may not fail in any manner of 
their end, or be diverted to some need- 
less ground of difference, I may be al- 
lowed to say, that if ever we expect to 
prevent the mi«(chiefs which have fre- 
quently arisen from an ardent zeal for 
peculiar tenets and opinions, dis^putablc 
in themsflves, and distinct entirely from 
essential points ot faith and practice, it 
must be by the sure convictions which 
result from simple, cleai^ and intelli- 
gible principles.— No greater prejudice 
to truths insinuates itself among men, 
than that which is created by the zeal 
for such additions to the Christian Creed, 
or such exaggerations of its duties, as 
have frequently been raised. We know 
well what the first additions and exag- 
gerations were, which were made in 
dark and superstitious ages, and how 
dearly they have cost the Christian 
world. We know, too, how ardently the 
zeal of many has been exercised in later 
times, for things disputable and dis- 
puted ; things which stand apart from 
the fixed foundations of the Christian 
Creed, and the known rules of Chris- 
tian practice. The subject matter to 
which any misconceived opinions are 

atiached. 



42 



Review of New Publications, 



[July, 



attached, maybe no less than the truth 
itself; and how often has the subtle 
InBdel ^outcht his advantag^e in entan- 
gled question*;, and professed to triumph 
over truth, when be has obtained per- 
haps an easy victory over some mistate- 
ment of its testimonies.— Many want the 
skill to make exact disctimiiiations, and 
are carried off by passionate and confi- 
dent assertions. Others willnot use the 
necessary pains to examine and com- 
pare things on .all side*:, and would feel 
perhaps no little measure of surpri»e and 
consternation, if you could make them 
apprehend the real and inevitable con- 
sequences resulting^ from some favourite 
opinion which they cherish as a point 
of faith. The well-disposed are thus 
drawn to weak and untenable positions, 
and the calm enquirer is not fairly met, 
nor suitably convinced. The truth is 
thus deprived of its natural defences, 
whilst numbers are discoura§:ed or be- 
wildered with the difficulties which arise 
upon questions needless in themselves, 
and foreign to the sure foundations of 
our common hope." 

The Charge is thus concluded : 

*^ Let us remember that we all have 
to pursue the same progressive course, 
and to encourage iii our hearts the 
same compendious recollections of the 
grounds of faith, and of the measures 
of religious encrease, in sincerity and 
holiness of life. — I conclude, my Reve- 
rend Brethren, with the best wish of 
my heart, that we may follow the same 
good work committed to u^, with one 
mind, and one endeavour, in tlie unity 
of the Spirit, and the bond of peace." 

3. Tlie BasU of National Welfare : con-' 
sidered in reference chiefly to the Pro- 
sperifi/ of Britain, dtid Safety of the 
Church of England ; with an Ex- 
mmination of the Parliamentary Re- 
ports on Educationy the Police, the 
Population of Parishes^ and the Capa- 
city of ChurcJus and Chapels : and a 
further Illustration of the chief Facts 
noticed in " Tlie Church t» Danger :" 
in a second Letter to the Right Hon, 
the Earl of Liverpool, K, G. By the 
/?«;. Richard Yates, R.D.F.S.j^. 
Chaplain to his Majesty* s Royal Wos- 
pital, Chelsea ; Rector of Ashen ; and 
alternate Preacher to the Philanthropic 
Society. %vOfpp. 374. Rivingtons. 

MR. Yates's former Leller to the 
Earl of Liverpool (vol. IXXXV. i. 
44 ii. 143), al traded considerable at-, 
tention ; and was very much and de- 
servedly commended by many per- 
fous of the highest distinction, and by 



nearly the whole corps of respectable 
Reviewers. 

In the present Volume, I he intelli- 
gent Autlior again addre^ises the Noble 
Premier in language equally energetic 
and respectful; and, after some snit- 
ahle prefatory observations, an oat- 
line of the argument, a recapitulatioa 
of the heads of the former Letter, and 
points for further elucidation-* pro- 
ceeds to shew that ** Religion is ne- 
cessary to the well-being of Civil So- 
c»ely j" and •* tlie Necessity of Public 
Worship.** He then proceeds to the 
grand object of his useful researches, 
** the parochial Administration of 
Religion t** 'Mhe danger ofa neglect- 
ed superabundant Population;** '*Na- 
. tional hahits in opposition toacknovr- 
ledged Truths," ** An Examination of 
Parliamentary Documents on Popula- 
tion, Parishes, Benefices, Capacity of 
Churches, &c. ;*' with a ** Re-state- 
ment and revision of Facts in the 
Parishes of the Metropolis District ; 
Comparative Statement of the forego- 
ing Facts, from the Account printed by 
order of the House of Lords; the 
result of the Comparison; and fur- 
ther Means of Elucidation.*' 

We are next presented with <* An 
abstract notice of all Parishes in En- 
gland and Wales of SOOO Inhabitants 
and upwards ;*' ** Coincidence witli 
general view and result ;** the neces- 
sity for ** Legislative Assistance;'* 
the Outline of the proposed Measure; 
the Difficulties, and the Expence. 

Mr. Yate8*s ** Acknowledgments 
for private communications and assist- 
ance," commence with his Noble and 
highly respected Patron. 

** My first debt of gratitude is due to 
your Lordship, for the high favour of 
permission to make use of your Lord- 
ship's library, and for those Parliamen- 
tary Documents npon which the authen- 
ticity of my statements has been found- 
ed: for the inspection of the MS part 
of which I have also gratefully to ac»> 
knowledge the very polite letter and 
order of the Right Hon. the Speaker of 
the House of Commons. 

** For the Communications of En- 
couragement, — of Criticism, —and of 
Assistance, with which I have been 
honoured, I am indebted to his Royal 
Highness the Duke of Gloucester; 
whose Christian and patriotic attach- 
ment to the Established Church has 
long been so conspicuous, that no eulo- 
gium from roe could add to the respect 
felt for bis Royal Highnesses character 

by 



1817.] 



fieview of New Publications. 



43 



\if all friendt of the British Constitution. 
The Riffht Hon. the Earl of Bristol ; to 
vhon I an under particular obligation^ 
BOt only for a written coinmuni(;ation, 
tot also for a personal discussion of the 
kadini; points of the subject. The 
Right Hon. the Earl of Lonsdale. The 
Kight Hon the Earl of Chichester. The 
ffighc Hon. and Right Rev. the Lord 
Bishop of London, who very obligingly 
}HtiinisHl me the us«* of those diocesan 
murns which were subsequently printed 
by order of the House of Lords. The 
Ught Rev. the Lord Bishop of Chester, 
vbo^e eaeniplary and judicious leal in 
behalf of the Chureh of Eugland has 
been particularly directed to the subject 
of increasing the means of public wor- 
ship t and under whose liberal >«n<i en- 
lightened attention, several Churches 
have been recently built and consecrated, 
io the very populous Diocese at present 
under his Lordship's direction. The 
Right Reverend the Lord Bishup of Bris- 
toL Sir Benjamin Hobhouse, bart The 
distinguished and learned Principal of 
Oriel College, Dr. Edward Coplestoue, 
The Rev. Dr. Lawrenee Gardner. The 
Rer. Dr. James Satterthwaite. The 
Rev. Philip Dodd. The Rev Dr. Rich- 
ard Mant. The Rev Bewick Bridge, 
The Rev. Archibald Alison. Jasper At* 
kiiison, esq. John Buwdler, esq. To all 
of whom I beg permission to express my 
high sense of obligation, and to present 
my best thanks : I trust they will find 
that the critical suggestions with which 
I have been favoured, have all received 
due attention i although I could not, 
unauthorised, venture to print their 
communications. As no similar for- 
bearance is requibite in regard to opi- 
nions already printed and published ; 
such of them, relating immediately to 
tke subject discussed in this tract, as 
have fallen under the Author's notice, 
are selected and here brought together 
in one view ; to give, as already men- 
tioned in page 9, the preceding reason- 
ing and statements, in some degree, the 
additional advantage and influence of 
the argument from authority.'* 

The Publications to which Mr. 
Tales alludes, and from which he iias 
given some appropriate citractif, are 

** British Review ; Critical Review ; 
Gentleman's Magazine ; Christian Ob- 
server; Augustan Review ; Monthly Re- 
view; Sermon by Dr Knox ; Speech of 
the Earl of Harrowby;. Quarterly Re- 
view; British Critick; Edmhurgh Re- 
view ; Letter to John Coker, elq. , Re- 
view by Robert Wood; Visitation .Ser- 
mon by Rev. G. Mat hew ; Statement, 
&ۥ of Manchester, Rev. C. D. Wray ; 



Dr. Middleton, Bishop of Calcutta; 
British Review ; Bishop Porteus " 

Mr. Yates has very ingeniously 
availed himself of articles from all the 
Works above enumerated i and from 
one of them (the British Review) we 
transcribe a Tew lines, as convey tng 
the general sentiments of every simi* 
lar publication. 

** We indulge the expectation, that 
Mr. Yates's production will appear to 
have made the general impressiou which 
it is so well Ciiloulated to produce Since 
the commencement of our Review, a 
pamphlet of greater intelligence and 
importance has not attracted its atten- 
tion. N«»w that he has put his hand to 
the plough, we entreat him not to with«- 
draw it. The subject is, in a great mea- 
sure, his own. The fervent effectual 
labours of a pious man \%ill avail much. 
It is by single efforts that the great dt- 
ciding^ impul«e has been given to all un* 
dertakings of eminent utility and good- 
ness. It is thus that the abolition off 
the slave trade has been accomplished. 
One man stood between the living and 
the dead, and so that plague was stayed. 
Let Mr. Yates ptTsevere ; his prudence 
will secure him from excess, his sincerity 
will support his seal, his intelligenoe 
will arm his wishes. While others are 
cumbered about much serving with re- 
spect to the Church, he will be busy 
about that which is essentially needful. 
The city of God with its rising glories 
will in part own him for its founder: 
and if any shall hereafter among its new- 
born structures inquire for \i\^ monu- 
ment, the proper answer will be, ctr- 
cumsfice,** 

On the important subject of ** Le- 
gislative Assistance," the animated 
Letter-writer observes: 

*< The experience of two centuries 
bath demonstrated, that private bene- 
faction and local contribution cannot be 
expected to supply, in the several dis- 
tricts requiring assistance, that aug- 
mentation of the number of I'arifih 
Churches and Parochial Ministers, which 
is absolutely necessary to the celebra- 
tion of the Public Worship and Sacra- 
ments of the Church of England. The 
important National Benetit, of thus 
providing for the Instruction and Re- 
formation of the hitherto neglected 
masses of population, car< only be effect- 
ed by the wisdom and auf hority ui Pat- 
liament. And no part of the high and 
important duties of the Leoi>^lature caa 
be more worthy of imraedate considera- 
tion, than that which can be alone des 
pended upon fur affording security, and 

permji- 



44 



Review of New Publications. 



[July, 



permanently beneficial effect, to all its 
other determinations j and which will 
be found the most direct, and only cer- 
tain, means ut {ireserving unimpaired the 
constitutional liberties and prosperity of 
the Nation. For althoug^h the Esta- 
blished Church be adapt< d with pecruliar 
wisdom to produce and convey these 
advantages to the Sia e, in the Religi- 
ous and Moral Instrucjion of the pe(»ple; 
it is in the due Administratioo of its Li- 
turgy and Offices that its benefits are 
conferred: on the State therefore must 
Test the responsibjlity of providingr i<>r 
the Churrh these means of effi< ieiicy 
The changin;^ ciroumstatices and pro- 
gressive tii.'C nations of human itffnirs 
may render, and in this instance have 
Tendered, addiuonai Legislation neces- 
sary to correct those occasional derange- 
ments, which, if suffi'red to continue 
and ineiea^e, may prove fatal to the Na- 
tional Fabri k. A ra<;e of strong and 
imperious necessity, in the present con- 
dition of the ('htircb, hath been shewn 
to claim now the attention of the Legis- 
lature. And here the attention of the 
Legislature may be highly beneficial, 
not only in the actual and direct exer- 
cise of its authority, but also in prepar- 
ing the public mind, and forming the 
public opinion, upon the necessity and 
importance of the measure. The trans- 
actions of Parliament having received, 
in modern times, a character and qua- 
lity totally distinct and dissimilar from 
those of the private deliberatiotis of a 
body of Jegislatnrs, known to the pub- 
lick only in the Laws emanating from 
them ; whatever is stated and enforced 
ifi Parliament, is now diffused and dis- 
seminated through every part of the 
country, by the potent, and now all-in- 
fluencing, instrumentality of the public 
prints. Through their agency, a new 
and heretofore inconceivable power, is 
afforded to Parliament. The stupendous 
power of forming the public opinion and 
guiding the public will, by intellectual 
applications, reaching, in a continued 
and vigorous circulation, the utmost 
extremity of the body politick. From 
the Parliament the peo|»le may now not 
only receive Laws to controul the con- 
duct, but also instruction to inform the 
understanding and guide the vtill.^ The 
opinions and sentiments now delivered 
in Parliament penetrate into every part 
of the realm. They are read and studied 
by all ages, ranks, and conditions : in 
the palace, the mansion, the shop, and 
the cottage; by the prince and the pea- 
sant, by the rich and the poor, by the 
learned and unlearned ; and those who 
cannot themselves read, hear them read 
by otheirs : every child that is taught to 



lisp the alphabet, may be compelled now 
to read the catechism, but will much 
more certainly, hereafter, read the de- 
bates in Parliament. They might, there- 
fore, be made the vehicle of impressing 
upon the public mind, with more cer- 
tainty and with more effect than by any 
other means, the political, the morale 
and even the religious tj^ths necessary 
to social well-being. Whenever these 
topicks are expatiated upon in Parlia- 
ment, they find their way into thousands 
of hands and hearts, that are absolutely 
impenetrable to the most finished elo- 
quence of sermons, charges, treatises, 
and every other production of the press, 
except that modern engine uf abundant 
good or o\erwheliiiing evil, — a Newspa- 
per. It must rejoice every true friend 
of the British Constitution, to learn 
that the means of giving augmented 
and due extent to the beneficial influ- 
ence of the Established Church, in form- 
ing the moral principles of the most 
numerous classes uf the community, 
are likely soon to receive a discussion in 
Parliament, and to engage the full ener- 
gies of your Lordship's bejievolent and 
discriminating mind. Of the result^ 
likely to ensue, on your Lordsh\p*s per- 
sonal and direct application to this sub- 
ject, we have the most gratifying grounds 
of anticipation, in the effect produced 
on the public opinion by your Lord- 
ship's Parliamentary exertions ; and 
particularly, by the comprehensive, dis- 
passionate, and luminous - statement,^ 
upon a subject surrounded with peculiar 
difficulties, which recently occasioneU 
much agitation in the public mind.*' 

4. The Nature of Christian Ouirityi 
explained, and its Practice efiforeed : 
in a Sermon, preached in the Pmitk 
Church 0^' Hadieigh, in £ssex : Feb^ 
S3, 1817. By the Rev. Joseph Pren- 
dergast. \Qmo,pp, 15. Ogles a»tfQ». . 

AN excellent Discourse JTruni 1 Cor. 
xiii. 1. in which Ihe Preacher, among 
olher arguments, observes, 

** The most striking cbaracteristick 
in this heavenly prmciple, is Its dura- 
tion. It hath an existence comoifnsurate 
with the immortality of man. Every 
thing in the world besides this, shall be 
destroyed I'he stars shall lose their 
brightness, even the sun himself sball. 
grow dim, prophecies shall fail, the arts 
and sciences lose their lustre, —-tbes 
charm of musick shall cease, tbe painter 
sball drop his pencil, and the ivarrior 
his sword, and the whole frame of na- 
ture become as one chaos ; but charity 
sball survive the universal wreck: it 

never 



1^817.] 



lieview of New Publications* 



45 



never failetb : in tbe laniraage of one of 
oar best Poets * living, to Whose praise 
be it spf>ken, be hath devoted his muse 
to religion and virtue. 

Its holy flame for ever bumetb, 
From heaven it came, to heaven retum- 
etb. 

It shall rise out of ihe general ruin, 
with all its native and original splen- 
dour, and be the chief decoration of 
those happy regions where good men 
sball dwell with their God, triumphing 
\n the enjoyment of a felicity without 
measure and without end. I am sure 
this beautiful description must have 
touched the heart of c-very one in this 
assembly. 1 think I see in your faces, 
my dear brethren, some signs, which 
lead me to suppose that your minds are 
transported with the idea of possessing 
the lovely disposition of which we have 
been discoursing." 

3. Manfred, a Dramatic Poem, By 
Lord Byron. \ivo pp, 80. Murray. 

IFrom «« The Day and New 7%me8,"} 

LORD Byron^s rank as a Poet has 
been lung established. Great com- 

Iireitsion of thought, great vigour of 
anguage, keen and painful ctoseness 
to Nature under her most painful 
moods, might raise any Writef to 
eminence. But, corobined with his 
Lordship's situation in life, and pe- 
culiar habits, they had all the effect 
that could he produced by the union 
of the powerful, the eccentric, and 
the fashionable; yet in all those 
things there is decline. Novelty is 
the only sure charm $ and we grow 
iveary of the most tempting extrava- 
gance, when it comes before us with 
the St ffhess of habitual abwurdily. 
Lord Byron has already ** raved, re- 
cited, and maddened round the land:** 
the delight of this is past the moment 
yve discover that this deviation from 
the natural directness of mankind has 
turned into a milUhorse track, and 
that to the last his Lordship can go 
only round and round. The effect 
of this giddy course upon the lower 
animal is to turn him blind. Whe- 
ther this unfortunate process may not 
extend higher in tbe scale, is to be 
left to the studious of Lord Byron*s 
later poetry. We will acknowledge 
no regret for the palpable indrcations 
of faded faculty given in the present 
Poem. The Writer had set himself 

* Mr. Southey. 



at war with the honourable and amia- 
ble habits of society ; to far as lies in 
poetry, he had supplied the corrupt 
wilh excuses for corruption, and the 
infidel with sneers agaiot Relia;ioD. 
If he has done this through weakness 
of understanding, we must rejoice 
that his powers of ill grow feebler;' if 
through radicardarknessi)f spirit, our 
rejoicing may be equally excited by 
the evidence that his means are daily 
surer to sii.k under hii intentions. 

«« Manfred** is, like all the Noble 
Author's heroes, a misanthrope i but 
on the same model, a being of nialcb- 
le^s powers of mind and person, fall 
of wild energy, full of distempered 
passion, haunted by unspeakable re- 
morse, and scorning all things hui^aa 
and diyine. So far he differs ** not a 
jot'* from **Conrad'* and the '* Giaour,'^ 
and ** Lnra,** and every hero of whom 
his Lordship ever has written^ or per- 
haps eyer will firite. But with 
those distinctions he combines magic, 
and has for his fdmiliars the whole 
host of darkness, convoked in masses 
of the most singular junction. Sbak- 
speare was content to summon such 
ministers as might be within the call 
of his inferior necromancy. But his 

*' Black spirits and white. 
Blue spirits and grey/* 

were home-made and helpless to the 
potencies clubbed together by this 
Master of spells, from all the mytho- 
logies of Persia, Greece, and Scandi- 
navia. — Arimanes hnds himself iu 
sudden union with Nemesis, and Ne- 
mesis mingles at her ease with spirits 
of stars and waters, air and earth. 
This singular aggregation is, how- 
ever, bfought up . only to recite 
f poetry, and be defied. Manfred so* 
iloquizes in scorn of them all to the 
last, repels an Abbot who offers him 
the feeble aids of Christianity, drives 
away Satan abashed, and dies upon 
the spot to follow him. — These ob- 
servations must not be looked on as 
resulting from carelessness of the No- 
ble Wri!er*s powers: Iheyjiave been 
already pronounced admirable; and 
if it were possible to separate tbe 
roan from the genius, he could re- 
ceive no praise too high for his me- 
rits. But they are deplorably bound 
together; and the Press forgets one 
of its highest duticH when it suffers 
the evil to circulate without such an- 
tidote as may be oflfered in its sternest 

cen- 



46 



Review tif New Publications. 



[July, 



censure. Manfred hai exiled himself 
from lociety; and what n to be the 
ground of our compassion for the 
exile? Simply the commission of 
one of the most revolting of crimes. 
He has committed incest ! 

We turn to the poetry. 

The first scene is a Gothic gallery 
at midnight. Manfred is alone, sum- 
moning the spirits, which are slow to 
come. 

« — ^_ Spirits of earth and air, 
Ye shall not thus elude me : by a power, 
Deeper than all yet urged, a tyrant-spell. 
Which had its birth> place in a star con- 

demn'd. 
The burning wreck of a deroolish'd world, 
A wandering hell in the eternal space ; 
By the strong curse which is upon my 

soul, [around me. 

The thought which is within me, and 
1 do compel ye to my will.-— Appear !" 

{A star it seen at the darker end of the 
gallery; it is statiatkiry, and a voice is 
heard singing. J 

FIRST SPIRIT. 

*< Mortal ! to thy bidding bow'd. 
From my mansion in the cloud. 
Which the breath of twilight builds. 
And the summer's sun-set gilds. 
With the azure and vermillion, 
Which is mix*d for my pavillion : 
Tho* thy quest may be forbidden. 
On a star-beam 1 have ridden ; 
To thine adjuration bow*d, 
Mortal! be |hy wish avow'd!" 

The Second Spirit then sings, in a 
measure which unluckily reminds us of 
*' How happy could X be with either." 

SECOND SPIRIT. 

*' Mont Blanc is the monarch* of moun- 
tains. 

They crown'd him long ago, 
On a throne of rocks, in a rube of clouds. 

With a diadem of snow. 

Around his waist are forests brac'd. 

The avalanche in his hand ; 
But ere it fall,' that thundering ball 

Must pause for my commao^. 

The glacier's cold and restless moss 

Moves onward day by day i 
But I am he who bids it pass. 

Or with its ice delay. 

I am the Spirit of the place. 
Could make the mountain bow. 

And quiver to its cavern'd base — 
And what with me would'st Thouf" 

Other Spirits of the elements suc- 
ceed, each with a song, and Manfred 
finally demaud« of them, ** Forget- 



fulness;" this they have no power to 
give, but they sive him a phantom 
of his sister — he grasps at it, and 
swoons. 

In the second act he is found wan- 
dering among the Alps where the 
entire action of the Drama lies; be 
invokes the Witch of the Alps, and 
unfolds a portion of his frightful 
history. 

« —i.-^ I have not named to thee. 
Father or mother, mistress, friend, or 
being, [ties j 

With whom I wore the chain of human 
If I bad such, they seem'd not such to 

me-—. 
Yet there was one-^ 

Witch, «* Spare not thyself —proceed. 
Manfred, " She was like to me in li- 
neaments— her eyes, [tone 
Her hair, her features, all to the very 
Ev'n of her voice, they said were like 
to mine, [beauty ; 

But soften'd all, and temper'd into 

• • • • • 

Her faults were mine, her virtues were 

her own — 
I lov*d her, and destronfd her !" 
Witch "With thy hand? 
Manfred, " Not with my hand— but 
heart*- which broke her heart." 

Nemesis arrives on the summit of 
an Alp! on her' way to the hail of 
Arimanes! ! Nemesis has been engaged 
in modern politics, and gives a plea- 
sant view of what the Nohle Author 
conceives the mighty of the earth to 
be now about. 

FIRST DESTINY. 

** — — Say, whttre hast thou been } 
My sisters and thyself are slo<» to>night. 
Nemesis. " 1 was detain'd repMriog 
shatter'd thrones, 
Mznymg fools f restoring dynasties. 
Avenging men upon their enemies,. 
And making them repent their own re« 
venge ; [dull. 

Goading the wise to madness ; from the 
Shaping out oracles to rule the world 
Afresh, for they were waxing out of date. 
And mortals dared to ponder for them- 
selves, [spemh 
To weigh Kings in the balance, and to 
Of Freedom, tbe forbidden fruh^-^Away!'* 

The Spirits assemble before Ari» 
manes. Manfred appears, contemns 
all; and, finally, yields to nothing 
but his own resolution to perish. 

This Poem is decidedly the wildest, 
and the worst of its Author's. In the 
higher parts of it is an evident pla- 
giarism from Bertram ; in the inferior 

its 



1817.] 



Review of New. Publications. 



iU proprietortiiip if not likely to have 
mmaj claimantf. 
The eztractg here gWen are lets to 

greient the Reader with the most 
eaotiful, than the roost characteris- 
tic passages. The Witch and Spirit- 
rhymes constitute the novelty o^ the 
Work. Fraj^ments of more obvious 
beaaty are thickly strewed through 
its pages; and it has descriptions that 
may rank among the^ roost poetic 
and picturesque to be found in the 
range of his Lordship*s Works. The 
story is still of an order which we must 
not prai^. It appears to us to allude 
to offences for which society Unds no 
pardon; bat we make the fullest dis* 
claimer of extending the unhappy al- 
lasion beyond his imaginary hero. 
He has laboured, to our idea, lo draw 
himself in ** Manfred," as he had done 
in «« Childe Harold." We think this 
iojodicious; but we have been at no 
time inclined to believe that the like- 
netf was true to the guilt which it has 
been Lord Byron's taste to heap upon 
his heroes. 

6. Beuuties of MASHinger, \2ino. 
pp,304. Porter. 

Dr. Ferriar, in his 'VEsiay on the 
Dramatic Writings of Massiiiger,*' 
remarks, that ths Poet's ** fate has 
been hard, far beyond the common 
topics of the infelicity of genius. He 
was not merely denied the fortune 
for which he laboured, and the fame 
which he merited — a still more cruel 
circumstance has attended his produc- 
tions: literary pilferers have built 
their reputation on his obscurity ; and 
the popularity of their stolen beauties 
has diverted the public attention from 
the excellent original." 

Massinger's was indeed a life of de- 
pendence and penury; and to the 
neglect into which he and his writin^^s 
bad fallen, many circum«itances con- 
tributed ; the principal of which, 
perhapi, were the civil wars which 
immediately succeeded his death, and 
the subsequent reigns, first of du:l fa. 
Baticism, and afterwards of prurient 
ribaldry. One of the ** literary pil- 
ferers" from his Works is ably ex- 
posed by Mr. Cu ub'riand, who, in 
his *• Observer t*^ draws an excellent 
comparison between the ** Fatal Dow- 
ry" of Massinger, and Rowe*8 unac- 
knowledged but close copy of that 
play in his ** Fair Penitent." 

But the fame of the Poet has in 

7 



47 

the present reign begun to revive. 
His excellences have been pointed 
out by admiring criticki, men of lU 
terary eminence — ^his Plays have beea 
re-ushered to the world by an able 
andjudieious Editor, who has** cleared 
them from the obscurity with which 
they were enveloped" by bis prede- 
cessors in the labour: and some of 
his neglected Dramas hare been ret- 
vived on the Stage with a degree of 
success that proves their genuine roe* 
rit and superior power. To these 
latter, we think, several others might 
be added with more than equal ef- 
fect; and, though we may not per- 
haps be prepared to go quite so far 
as some of his encomiasts, in think- 
ing him equal to Shakspeare, yet 
we have seen enough of his beauties 
to enter with heartiness into the pre- 
sent £di tor's anticipation of ** the 
time, when ^o he well acquainted 
with Masiinger, ^i be nearly at 
common as it now is to have an inti- 
mate knowledge of his immortal con* 
temporary." 

We congratulate our literary friends, 
therefore, on the appearance of this 
little Volume; and gladly recommend 
it as a pleasing pocket companion, as 
containing passages of eminent beauty, 
as creating, at little trouble and ex- 
pence, a larailiarity with the Poet's 
style, which is at once nervous and 
flowing; and as proving that there is 
another dramatic bard, in wjiose 
pages will be found 

" Thoughts that breathe, and words that 
burn." 

The title of " Beauties of Massln- 
ger" does not sufliciently designate 
the Book; for the Editor has prefixed 
to the extracts from each Play *a 
** simple and unadorned argument" 
of its plot. This, we think, a useful 
addition, because, the publick not 
having; the same intimacy with these 
Plays as with those of Shakspeare, 
the scenes and the selections would, 
without these explanations, have been 
less intellii^ible than they are now 
n.ade. We are glad also to observe, 
that the Editor has carefully excluded 
every line of grossness, from the 
charge of introducing which Massin- 
ger is no more exempt than Shak- 
speare. But on this head it is clear, 
thar ** the Age, rather than the 
Poet," is lo be blamed, since a spirit 
of piety pervades his Works; and 

even 



4S 



Jieview of Nexc Publications. 



[Juiy» 



even in his licentious scenes a strong 
regard for morality is apparent. Dr. 
Ireland also remarks with great truth, 
that ** he is entirely without pro> 
faneness." 

We scarcely know whence to select 
•a passage for our Readers' amuse- 
inent ; hut we will take the first that 
meets our eyes — it is from the 
** Bondman," a play that would he 
revived upon the Stage with advan- 
tage. 

SLAVES* COMPLAINT. 

" Your tyranny 
Drew us from our obedience. Happy 

those times [lies, 

When lords were styled fathers of fami- 
And not imperious masters ! when they 

nuraber'd [sons. 

Their servants almost equal with their 
Or one decree beneath them ! when 

their labours [riod 

Were cherisJiM and rewarded, and a pe- 
Set to their sufferings; when they did 

not press [power 

Their duties or their wills beyond the 
And strength of their performance ! all 
' things order'd 

With such decorum as wise law- makers, 
From each well-govern'd private house 

derived 
The perfect model of a commonwealth. 
Humanity then lodged in the hearts of 

men, 
And thankful masters carefully provided 
For creatures wanting reason. The no- 
ble iiorse, [nostrils 
That, in his fiery youth; from his wide 
Neigh'd courage to bis rider, and brake 

through [lord 

Groves of opposed pikes, bearing his 
Safe to trmmphant victory; old or 

wounded, [vice. 

Was set at liberty, and freed from ser- 
The Athenian mules, that from the 

quarry drew [gods, 

'Marble, hew*d for the temples of the 

The great work ended, were dismissed, 

and fed [have found 

At the public cost ; nay, faithful dogs 
Their sepulchres ; but man, to man 

more cruel, [slave ; 

Appoints no end to the sufferings of bis 
Since pride stepp'd in and riot, and o*er- 

turn*d . [masters 

This goodly frame of concord, teaching 
To glory iu the abuse of such as are 
Brought under tlteir command ; who, 

grown un useful. 
Are less este^^m'd than beasts. — This 

you have practised, 
Practised on us with rigour ; this hath 

forced us [if redress 

To shake our heavy yokes off; and, 



Of these just grievances be not granted 
us, [band defend 

We'll right ourselves, and by strong 
What we are now possessM of" 

Mow beautiful are the following 

deliut'utiuns! 

FEAR. 

" How her heart beats! 
Much like a partridge in a sparhawk's 
foot. 

That with a panting silence does lament 
The fate she cannot fly from !** 

' GREATNESS. 

" Greatness, with private men 
Esteem'd a blessing, is to me a curse ; 
And we, whom, .for our high births^ 

they conclude 
The only freemen, are the only slaves. 
Happy the golden mean ! Had I been 

born 
In a poor sordid cottage, not nurs'd up 
With expectation to command a court, 
I might, like such of your condition « 

sweetest, [not. 

Have ta'en a safe and middle course, and 
As I am now, against my choice, com- 

pellM [rais'd 

Or to lie grovelling on the earth, oi* 
So high upon the pinnacles of state. 
That I must either keep my height with 

danger. 
Or fall with certain ruin." 

We have room at present for only 
one more extract, which shall be of 
a lighter nature. It is a page*s proofs 

of a 

servant's superiority. 
»'« You are fools. 
And ignorant of yuur happiness. Ere I 

was [tutor 

Sworn to the pantofle, I have beard my 
Prove it by logic, that a servant's life 
Was better than bis master's $ and hf 

that ' [fail noC« 

I learn'd from him, if that my memory 
I'll make it good. 

** Thus then : From the kin^ 
To the beggar, by gradation, all are 

servants ; : 

And you must grant, the slavery is less 
To study to please one,- than many. 
Well then; and 6rst to you, sir: you 

complain [a tboosrand, , 

You serve one lord, hot your lord serves ' 
Besides his passions, that are bis worst 

masters ; [to soothe 

Vou must humour him, and be is' bound 
Every grim sir above him : if he 'frown, 
Fur the lea«t neglect you fear to lose 

your place ; 
But if, and with all slavish observation. 
From the minion's self, to the groom of 

his c!o«-e stool, 
He hourly seeks not favour, he is sure 

To 



1817.] Review of Ntw Pubticaiiims. 43 

To be eased of hit ofllce^ thouf^h perhaps teDd to corroborate the opiaioni of 

he bought it. [such the aboTe- mentioned Craoiolog'iflU, 

Na/, more ; that high disposer of all by placing many of their aphorismi 

That are subordinate to him, serves and in a stronger liffht than they haTe 

•ru-. tJ^^^t *u V. ^A A Z bilherlo appeared in, and confirminr 

Tb^ fury of the maiiy-headed monster, ^^ „f t^^j^ conclusions. , ^ 

The eiddy multitude : and as a horse nr »k:. c«-: • tiu-i ^ l- 

Is .tS a horse, for all his golden trap- p^^ *|V« Serio-comic Philosophic 

pi„-g ' * *^ Foem the Reader may form some 

So your men of purchased tiUes, at their opinion from a. single quotation i 

best are " Man is a microcosm, — a little earth ! • 

But serving-men in rich liveries. And turns revolving, from his very birth t 

xsTm .k^il »A.K«n. " ^^ .^.tn^ A.*.^*^ Heuc*, cndjess revolutions in the mind. 
We shall perhaps, on tome future ^„j .„ ^^ f^^^. , ^ ^ ^ ^ 

occasioii. give an account of the se- Hence i^volutionfin whole nations too,l 
Teral plays, accompanied by further What wiU man's innate faculties not do! 

®^*^^^ . . ; I . . There's not a plant nor mineral to be 

We now can only add, that a sketch found 

of the Poet*s life is prefixed i and that But doth with human properties abound : 
the Editor has performed his task Meadows are m'ow'd'-and hi^ made in 
10 a manner very creditable to him- the sun, [making 's done } 
self, and pleasing to the admirers of And piled in ,hay- stacks when bay- 
am excellent English Dramatic Writer. And are not fields of men mow'd down 
A Sonnet, a^ressed by the Editor »" H^^s [and bright,— 
to hif Work, precedes the whole j for 2^ «^etping scythes of warriors, sharp 

which fee our Poetry in Part I. p. 541. T**«" P"«^ '" *^.' — "^^^ «*«**- 

' '' *^ • ■ worms hold their sway, 

7. The Cnmiad; w, Spurzheim /Witf- '^'^ ^*«* ^^^ "'P^"* ^*°*'^** *^' *^« ^»*y ? 
iraied. A Poem, in iivo Parts. 12mo. "Men too obey attraction,— and, like 
pp, 137. stones [break their bones ; 

of •« The Physiognoraonical System of ^^^, ^* pik^ ^^ j^ 

Doctors Gall and Spurzheim. The pall, with the stones about them, just 

Authors of •* The Cramad" have added Men, from a scafoldy often too are found 

illustrations, and advanced arguments To tfro^,— although they may not reach 

of their own, which, perhaps, may the ground ; 

* '" In general, man participating in the nature of all other beings — of minerals, 
plants, and animals, and being therefore, as some would have it, a microcosm, 
must possess all the properties common to him and to other beings.' Spurz. p. 
448. — ' Thus as the body of man consists of matter, it is subjected to all the laws 
of matter. It is attracted towards the centre of the earth, and if it be not sup- 
ported, falls as inanimate bodies do.' Ibid. — * The activity of our faculties varies 
according to the modifications of the organization, in the same way that the milk 
and butter of cows vary according to the food they live on ; or as the flesh and fat 
of animals are modified according to the food by means of which they are fattened. 
Tbe activity of men fed on game diflfers much from that of those who live onpotatoes 
and vegetables; and it seems possible to shew the greater influence of different 
aliments upon certain systems iii the healthy state, just as we may shew that some 
medicaments act more upon one system than upon another. By the sam^ reason 
we may also conceive why certain rules of Jasting are useful in order to subdue tbe 
sensual appetites.' Ibid. p. 458, 459. — ^We humbly beg leave to observe (with 
due respect to tbe Doctor) that we think the circumstance of'those who ^rejed on 
game, being hunters, may contribute somewhat to their activity — nor, are we ^iit^e 
sure, that many individuals fed all their lives on potatoes are not very active.—^ 
* lonateness of the special faculties of the mind.' Analogy. * The first protf 
may be drawn from ai%alogy. By examining Nature we perceive that every kind 
of earth, every ^alt, every metal, has its determinate qualitif^s, by which we are 
enabled to distinguish one species from another : thus the flgure of crystallization, 
the weight, affinity, and other physical and chemical pro|}erties, are determinate 
and permanent. It is the same with plants : their general laws are fixed, and 
every plant has its own character. A pear-tree never bears apples, nor an apple- 
tree pears : we never gather figs from a vine, nor grapes from a thorn-bush,* 
Ibid. p. 471,473." 

t «* To earth, by the laws of attraetion, he {tW*'—R^€cted Addresses, 

Gent. Mao. July, 1817. And 



7 



52 



Review of New Publicaiions. 



[July, 



feUow-men ; but those who feel as roeo 
and think like Christians, will read the 
following Bull for the revival of the 
Order of the Jesuits, with no ordinary 
sensations." 

The Bull fur the re-establishmeot 
of this very notorious Order, dated 
August 7, 1816, is given at length. 

10. Letters of Yorick, or a good-hM' 
numred Remonstrance in favour of the 
Established Church, By a very hum- 
ble Member of it. In Three Parts. 
Part L submitted to the CathoUe 
Board, Association, or Committee ^ 
wheresoever it may he. Part IL sub- 
miitedto the Bible- Society- Men, Lan- 
casterians, and other Aggregate Re- 

formers of the Church, who are for 
leaving the National Religion out of 
Nati/mal Education, Part Hi. sub- 
mitted to the various Advocates, Sfc. 
of the Bible- Society' Men, Lancaster- 
ians, 'Sfc. and other Aggregate Re- 

formers of the Church. Svo. pp. 377. 
Dublin, Milliken ; London, Rivingtons. 

OF these animated Letters, the pro- 
duction of DO ordioary pen, the First 
Part, under the title of** Letters of 
Poblicola,^' was duly noticed iu our 
ToLLXXXVI.i. p. 611. Id the same 
strain of '* serious argument and 
pleasant irony," under the not less 
appropriate name of '* Yorick," the 
Letter- writer stands forth a very 
able Defender of the Established 
Church, against that numerous and 
dangerous race of *' Reformers, who 
are for leaving the National Religion 
out of National Education." 

The Letters in the Second Part 
appeared, the first three of them 
in the Dublin Evening Post, and 
the remainder in the Freeman's Jour- 
nal, under the signature of Auma. 
Those in Part III. in the Correspond- 
ent News- paper, during the Month 
of January, 1817, under the signa- 
ture of Publicola. 

A specimen or two of the Author*! 
maoDer shall now be given. 

At the conclusion of four Letters 
UDderthe title of*' Examination of the 
priociple of the Lancasteriau Schools 
(and Bible-Society- men) ; the giving 
to children and adults the Bible with- 
out note or commeot ; and vigilantly 
excluding Catechisms of akt Church 
from their Institutions," he says, 

" I see no good reason why the Ro- 
man Catholics and Dissenters of al- 
most every denomination might not 
still be constituent members of the 



Church of England. They might join 
in taking the sacrament, understand- 
ing it in their own sense. I under- 
stand It figuratively : others may un- 
derstand it literally. I see here' no 
ground of mutual enmity. The most 
liberal Catholics and Dis«enten fre- 
quently attend our Church service, and 
acknowledge it to be blameless and void 
of offence. It is not absolutely neeei- 
sary, says Swift, that they should be- 
lieve and sul>scribe all the thirty-nine 
articles. — And as to direct foreign ju- 
risdiction in either temporals or spi- 
rituals — the Dissenters have renooneed 
this long ago; and the Roman Catho- 
lics have virtuaUy renounced this now. 
They may still retain if they please cer- 
tain speculative notions. The human 
intellect, we know, is a mine of inex- 
haustible materials in this wav. But 
this is no reason for schism. We ad- 
mire the Greeks and Romans — though 
Pagans — we even are interested in ima- 
gination, an<f sometimes enter into the 
spirit of Heathen poetry, philosophy, and 
mythology ; especially when this latter 
is represented to the life by painters and 
sculptors. But these form no part of 
our serious belief. We do rtot act upon 
it. We admire such inventions ; and 
remain Christians. So in the Two 
Houses of Parliament the minority go 
out upon any division; or draw up a 
protest — remaining constituent mem- 
bersr of the House as before. They are 
not bound to approve of the whole that 
is resolved upon ; nor do they reject the 
whole for a part. They may declare 
their objections and conscientious scru- 
ples. They may prefer in their own 
minds this or that measure ; and main- 
tain, plausibly, that such ought to havs 
BEEN the rul«^---but they submit to what 
IS the rule. Nor do the majority reject 
and exclude, for ever, the members of 
the minority for differing from them- 
' selves in a matter not essentiaL Both 
declare that the Government might go 
on better — some in one way— some in 
another : but both agree that it is the 
Government, and must go on." 

The Letter-writer subsequently adds, 

" All of us, whether children or 
adults, must trust to authority : — to 
evidence and proofe of the skilful : or 
to those whose office it is to study and 
explain what it is essential for us to 
know, and what we cannot discover and 
settle of ourselves merely. We must all 
look up to some standard: and our 
education must relate to this. It should 
do so primarily and directly : for if not, 
it will indirectly, at second hand, and 
erroneously. That there is, and should 
be, an Established Church, it ought not 

to 



ISIVJ Semew ff New PuiUeaiimi. $i 

mmi w«tfi tfterwardf trmbtad hite tries! TheyboutodoftliefrieiidffaipQr 
aUlangM^, and printed over and CatlMiine de Medieis, who espoused 
over afmin. YolUire lays of them, their canse^ and under whose inllaenee 

« The Bishop of Locon, son of the ^ "T'J^uU xiV^Wk^^'I ''t! 

4rf, aopposing his own performances set ^tti^J^inf th^ hw ^" "n^lJ^r^T^! 

•ridT^iSt replied, 7^ Pn^^ ^^^^L^n ^L^Ll'^^^^ P^ 

wmL* R^mniMAf «ii tliA ftn^niM of '*'ff° Of Qucen £liaabech presents « 

l^irr. Examptes of all the species or guccesrion of plots. In her procUmation 

£loq«ience ahonnd in them. ^^ ^^^^ f^ ^^^ she^uyTVhaS 

Frpm the brief «*yiew of the Hli- 'the Jesuits had fomented the plots 

tor J of the Jetnits," prefixed to this H^ixmt her person, excited her sub^ecu 

SditioD, a few particulars shall he ^ '«^*>'*» provoked foreifn princes to 

1^^. ' • compass her death, engaged in all af- 

fairs of State, and hy their* language and 

^ In Perfi^?, where the Jesuits were writings, had undeirtaken to dispose of 

Iknt received, they obtained the diree- her crown.' 

tfoa of the Court, which for many years ** Lucius enumerates five conspirades 

deKvered to them the conscienees of Its of the Jesuits against James I. before he 

pftnoes a«d the education of the people, had reigned a year. They contrived the 

Pottugat opened the- door to their mlt- gunpowder plot. So late as the time of 

tiotis, and gave them establishments In George I. both Houses of Parliament 

Asia, Africa, and America. They usurp- reported, that the evidence examined by 

ad the sovereignty of Paraguay, and them on the conspiracy of Plunfcet ahd 

lesfeted the finrees of Pbrtugal and Spain, Layer had satisfactorily shown that it 

who claimed it. The Court of Lisbon, had for its object the destruction of the 

and even Rome herself, protested In King, the subversion of the laws, and 

vain against dieir excesses. The league the crowning of the Popish Pretender ; 

in France was, in reality, a conspiracy and they state, thkt * Plunket was bom 

of the Jesuits under the sanction of Six- at Dublin, and bred up at the Jesuits' 

tns V. to disturb the succession to the college at Vienna.' Henry III. of Franca 

throne of France. The Jesuits' College was assassinated by Clement, a Jesuit, 

at Paris was the grand focus of the se- in 1589. The Jesuits murdered Wil- 

ditions and treasons which then agitated Ham Prince of Orange, in 1584. They 

the state ; and the niler of the Jesuits attempted the life of Louis XV. for im- 

waa president of the Council of Sixteen, posing silence on the polemics of their 

which gave the impulse to the leagues Order, besides innumerable other atro- 

formed there and throughout France, cities. 

Matthieu, a Jesuit and confessor of *' The pernicious spirit and constitu- 

Henry IH. was called * The Courier of tion of this Order rendered it early de- 

tbe League,' on account of his frequent tested by the principal Powers of Eu- 

journeys to and from Rome at that dis- rope; and while Pascal, by bis * Pro-* 

astrous period. vincial Letters,' exposed the morality of 

** In Germany the Society appropri- the Society, and thus overthrew their 

ated the richest benefices, particularly influence over the multitude, different 

those of the monasteries of St. Benedict Potentates concurred, from time to time, 

and St Bernard. Catharine of Austria to destroy or prevent its establishments. 

confided in them, and was supplanted ; Charles V. opposed the Order in bis do- 

and loud outcries were uttered against minions : it was expelled in England by 

them by the suflferers in Vienna, in the the proclamation of James L in 1694: 

States of Styria, Carintbia, Camiola, in Venice, in 1606; in Portugal, in 

and elsewhere. Their cruelties in Po- 1759; in France, in 1764; in Spain and 

land will never be forgotten. They were Sicily, in 1767; and suppressed and abo- 

expelled from Abyssinia, Japan, Malta, lisbed by Pope- Clement XIV. in 1775. 

Cochin, Moscow, Venice, and other Recently, however, the Pope has dared 

places, for their gross misconduct ; and to re-establish it, though Clement bad 

In America and Asia they carried devas- acted on the entreaties of even Catbo- 

tation and blood wherever they went, lie Sovereigns, who deemed it incompa- 

The great object of the persecution of tible with the existence of civil society, 

the Protestants in Savoy was the con- It must be acknowledged, indeed, to be 

fiscation of their property, in order to a fit instrument for ecclesiastical despo- 

endow the colleges of the Jesuits* They tism, and may therefore, be regarded 

bad, no doubt, a share in the atrocities with indifference by all who are uncOn- 

of the Duke of Alva in the Low Coun- cerned to secure the liberties of their 

fellow- 



52 



Review of New Publications. 



[Jti\y, 



fellow>roen ; but those who feel as men 
and think like Christians, will read the 
foUowinfC Bull for the revival of the 
Order of the Jesuits, with no ordinary 
sensations." 

The Bull for the re-establishment 
of this very notorious Order, dated 
August T, 1816, it given at length. 

10. Letters «>/ Yorick, or a good-hU' 
moured Remonstrance in favour of the 
Established Church, By a very hum- 
ble Member of it. In Three ^ PavHs, 
Part L submitted to the Catholic 
Board t Association, or Committee , 
wheresoever it may be. Part //. sub- 
mil ted to the Bible- Society -Men^ Lan- 
casterians, and other Aggregate Re- 
formers of the Churchy who are for 
leaving the National Religion out of 
National Education, Part Hi. sub- 
mitted to the various Advocates, 8fc. 
of the Bible- Society-Men, Lancaster- 
ians, 'Sfc. and other Aggregate Re- 
formers of the Church, Svo. pp. 377, 
Dublin, Milliken ; London, Rivingtons. 

OF these animated Letters, the pro- 
duction of DO ordinary pen, the First 
Part, under the title of ** Letters of 
Publicola," was duly noticed in our 
Tol. LXXXVl. i. p. 611. Intbesame 
strain of '< serious argument and 
pleasant irony,** under the not less 
appropriate name of " Yorick,** the 
Letter- writer stands forth a very 
able Defender of the Established 
Church, against that numerous and 
dangerous race of ** Reformers, who 
are for leaving the National Religion 
out of National Education." 

The Letters in the Second Part 
appeared, the first three of them 
in the Dublin Evening Post, and 
the remainder in the Freeman's Jour- 
nal, under the signature of Numa, 
Those in Part III. in the Correspond- 
ent News- paper, daring the Month 
of January, 1817, under the signa- 
ture of Publicola, 

A specimen or two of the Author's 
manner shall now be given. 

At the conclusion of four Letters 
under the title of Examination of the 
principle of the Lancasterian Schools 
(and Bible-Society- men) ; the giving 
to children and adults the Bible with- 
out note or comment ; and vigilantly 
excluding Catechisms of ant Church 
from their institutions,** he says, 

*' I see no good reason why the Ro- 
man Catholics and Dissenters of al- 
most every denomination might not 
still l>e constituent members of the 



Church of England. They might joiB 
in taking the sacrament, understand- 
ing it in their own sense. I under- 
stand \t figuratively : others may un* 
derstand it literally, I see here' no 
ground of mutual enmity. The most 
liberal Catholics and Dissenters fr^ 
quently attend our Church service, and 
acknowledge it to be blameless and void 
of offence. It is not absolutely neces- 
sary, says Swift, that they should be- 
lieve and subscribe all the thirty-nine 
articles. — And as to direct foreign ju- 
risdiction in either temporals or spi- 
rituals — the Dissenters have renounced 
this long ago; and the Roman Catho- 
lics have virtually renounced this now. 
They may still retain if they please cer- 
tain speculative notions. The human 
intellect, we know, is a mine of inex- 
haustible materials in this way. Hot 
this is no reason for schism. We ad- 
mire the Greeks and Romans — tboagh 
Pagans — we even are interested in imt- 
gipation, an<) sometimes enter into the 
spirit of Heathen poetry, philosophy, and 
mythology ; especially when this latter 
is represented to the life by painters and 
sculptors. , But these form no part of 
our, serious belief. We do rtot act upon 
it. We admire such inventions ; and 
remain Christians. So in the Two 
Houses of Parliament the minority ge 
out upon any division $ or draw up a 
protest — remaining constituent mem- 
bers' of the House as before. They are 
not bound to approve of the whole that 
is resolved upon ; nor do they reject the 
whole for a part. They may declare 
their objections and conscientious scru- 
ples. They may prefer in their own 
minds this or that measure ; and main- 
tain, plausibly, that such aught to have 
BEEN the rule — but they submit to what 
IS the rule. Nor do the majority reject 
and exclude, for ever, the members of 
the minority for diflfering from them- 
' selves in a matter not essentiaL Both 
declare that the Government might go 
on better — some in one way-— some in 
another : but both agree that it is the 
Government, and must go on.** 

The Letter-writer subsequently adds, 

" All of us, whether children or 
adults, must trust to authority : — to 
evidence and proofs of the skilful ; or 
to those whose office it is to study and 
explain what it is essential for us to 
know, and what we cannot discover and 
settle of ourselves merely. We must all 
look up to some standard : and our 
education must relate to this. It should 
do so primarily and directly : for if not, 
it will indirectly, at second hand, and 
erroneously. That there is, and should 
be, an Established Church, it ought not 

to 



isii.l 



Revim of New Publications. 



53 



to be permitted to any man, so much as 
to qaeitioD. No man should be per- 
mitted to question this — next to the 
bein^ of God, and of Revelation. But 
If r. Hume Was suffered to doubt, and 
jiiiiettiony in print, all three of these 
truths. — ^Finding that nobody read bis 
JBflsaySy he disguised his principles un^ 



may put queer thoughts into bis head. 
You should consider Government, some- 
times, have long ears, so well as long 
hands/ But upon reflection, I reco- 
vered from my alarm, as Smith and 
Hume bad kindly recommended-^tbis 
very expedient haUT a century ago. Nor 
was it very new then ; others had in 



der a more popular form, that of His- their charity and bounty recommended 

■tory* He knew, for the sake of the it a century or more before the Refor- 

m^ed, the res gesta of England, the mation. EngJand, having better re- 

people would run after and swallow that, sources, and a principle of common 

along with the poison contained in it. honesty (that is of common-sense), b^- 

This politieal chymist, infusing his de- ged again and again to be excused. But 



leterious preparations of the French 
srhool into that Misicry (as he calls it), 
utterly dissolves the principle of the 
mixed Monarchy of England, in State 
and Church : the very principle of its 
ascendancy abroad, together with its 
liberty and toleration at home. That 
principle has, under Providence, en- 
abled the United Kingdom to surpass 
all its contemporaries in government, in 
.negociation, and inarms.— In particular, 



France, in our times, at the end of its 
resources, was tempted to try the ex- 
periment. The French Revolution, we 
all know, was the result." 

The Author facetiouily annooDces, 
as preparing for publication : 

** A Series of Letters, by Yorick j to 
serve as a Key to those two facetious pro- 
ductions, which their Authors have been 
pleased to 'ydep Smith's Wealth of Na- 



>i8 solgect is the vehicle of an insoknt ^»t"»» *"? ""™^. « ^,^^^7 ^^ England 
inveeUve against the English institution " *° ^°"' ^"^^^ «'" endeavour to open 
of Parliaments. * Repository, whence any Writer, who 

«« Hjs co-adjutor, Adam Smith, (first ^^ ability, leisure, and inclination, may 
recommending a way in which a The- ^ able to describe, joking apart, the 
atre might be used so as to be the most true political ceconoray of a State—in 
effectual engine against the religious ^^^ History of the United Kingdom." 
principle)' was permitted to call into 
question the expediency of the statis- 
tical ceconomy of England. This en- 
gine exploded, indeed, before its time. 
But out of its fragments we have been 
daily and nightly frightened by squibs, 
serpents, and crackers, which have been 
tossed about by the miserable engineers 
in Statistics ever since. — However, I 



11. Faur Letters on the English Con- 
stitution, By G. Dyer, A. B, formerly 
o/'Emmanuel College^ Cambridge. 8t'o. 
pp, 190. Longman and Co. 

HAVING given in our Volume 
LXXXIII. i. p. 153, a candid opinion 
of these ** Letters," and of their very 



shall shortly give a good - humoured learned and well-intentioned Author ; 
vrarning to these gentry; requesting 
only a truce, or cessation of hostilities 
till 1 pan pay my compliments to them. 
" The way Smith calculated to get 
this engine of bis admitted into our 
Council Chamber, was by a specious 

offer to iZum/br</»« the public revenues. ... , *.u a .u i 

-He proposed that the expense of all »«»*■">»»?. »° '".»? 'be Author knows, 
our institutions should be saved:- to the former Editions, in the existm? 
while, with the true spirit of a step- P"'"*!''* publications, or commenda- 
niotber, he recommended that these in- tory quotations in newspapers, it may 



it IS uanecessary to say more than 
that the present Edition is consider- 
ably improved; and to give an ex- 
tract from the new Preface : 

" As the few following pages can lay 
no claim to the public notice, from any 



stitutions should be left — to take care 
of themselves, 

'* These two works occupy the first 
place in our libraries ; and have dicta- 
ted public opinion these 50 years past. 
When 1 first read Mr. O'Callagban's 
warning to the Church, * to take care 
lest some future Chancellor of the Ex- 
chequer might oe tempted to insert the 
revenues of the Church as an item in 
hit ways and means/ — 1 could not help 
calling out, * Hush ! Mr. O'Callaghan — 
.do not speak so loud — the Chancellor 
of the Exchequer may bear you. You 



not be improper to state the reasons, 
which have occasioned the following 
republication. 

" Public praise, to those whose ears 
are accustomed to it, is the earnest of 
fame ; and love of fame, like a poetical 
charm, is a stimulus to new endeavours. 

' Das aliquid fams, quae carmine gra- 
tiur aurem 
Occupat bumanam ?' Hor. 

And where writers are sure of prais^, 
they may Calculate, without any danger 
of a mistake, on the success of their new 
editions. 

'* TUc 



54 



Review of New Publications. 



[Jolj, 



<* The Author, however, is possessed of 
some testimonies,, which are encourag- 
ing, ample enough for the fondness of a 
parent's hopes, that his little offspring 
does not altogether deserve to die. A 
man's own conscience, the only proper 
witness of his motives, or assiduity, can 
have no force with any one but himself; 
but the judgment of men of upright in- 
tentions, and thoroughly conversant in 
the subjects treated of, may be allowed 
to have some force with others : for 
though the self-love of authors is pro- 
verbial, and there is no class of men, of 
whom it may with more propriety be 
said, < they stand too near to see them- 
selves,' yet the views of men of supe- 
rior learning, eminent in their profes- 
sion, and particularly distinguished, as 
their valuable publications sufficiently 
testify, for their knowledge in our Laws 
and Constitutional History, the views 
of such men are made at a distance, 
and may be expected to be taken with- 
cut partialUy and without hypocrisy. The 
approbation, therefore, of such men, ex- 
pressed as it has been, with much warmth, 
either by Letter, or personal interviews, 
could not fail to be grateful and animat- 
ing; though, where no authority was 
given to mention persons, it would not 
be justifiable to do so, nor, as they might 
not assent to every particular opinion 
stated here, would it. be proper. The 
writer, however, does think himself jus- 
tified in availing himself of their autho- 
rity so far, as to hope, that what could, 
in general^ approve itself to men of such 
discernment and knowledge, may con- 
tain a few hints that will not be unac- 
ceptable to some other readers. These 
considerations, further enforced by the 
solicitations of several personf to pos- 
sess copies of these Letters — the former 
edition being out of print — are the rea- 
sons, which he has for venturing on a 
new edition. 

<< Another inducement was found in 
the pursuits which at present princi- 
pally engage him. The former edition 
of these Letters was proffered as a 
pledge, that, however occupied, he was 
not likely to shew hostility to the Eng- 
lish Constitution, nor to play at cross 
purposes with the principles of civil and 
religious liberty. That pledge, it is 
hoped, has been redeemed : and this re- 
publication is offered as a similar pledge, 
that in the further prosecution of a work, 
in which he has been for several years 
engaged, he may be expected to keep the 
same course ; and, by shewing a decent 
respect to eminent men of all parties, 
to follow the line of what he conceives 
to be the true English character. 

" Perhaps there was a reason stronger 
than even these. Our political hemi- 



sphere is at present overspread with an 
awful cloud, arising, in part, from a long 
war J in part from present distress, and 
the restraints of power. The cireum* 
stances of the war, and public distress, 
would offer too much matter for pre^ 
sent consideration ; the restraints of 
government is the only topic which be- 
longs to this place." 

As our former comineDdation doet 
not appear to have been " a testt- 
roony" eiUirely accordant to Mr. 
Dyer's expectation, we decline en- 
tering further into bis arguraenU 
against the Suspension Acts and Um 
Reform of ParliamenL 

\% A Practical Introduction to Botatty^ 
Illustrated by References, under each 
Definition, to Plants of easy Access, 
and by Numerous Figures; and also 
comprising a Glossary of B&tamte 
Tei-ms, By the Rev, W. Bingley,^.^. 
F.L,S, Author of Animal BiograpJ^^ 
S^c, 1 2mo, pp. 89. Qale and Fenner. 

THE Amateurs of this elegant 
Science jtre much indebted to Wr. 
Binglej for this compendious and 
satisfactory Manual, which is ac- 
companied by Nine explanatory En- 
grayings; and of which the Author 
very unaffectedly says : 

" This little work is by no means in- 
tended to supersede the larger, and 
more valuable introductions to the 
study of Botany; particularly Profes- 
sor Martyn's Letters, and Sir James 
Edward Smith's Elementary Treatise. 
The latter of these, in particular, must 
continue to be read and admired so 
long as any taste for this study shall 
exist in the British dominions. The 
claims to attention of the present pub- 
licatibn are founded chiefly on its port- 
able size ; its comprising, within a nar- 
row compass, all the principal defini- 
tions arranged in systematic order, sind 
these being, in general, illustrated by 
reference to English plants, or to plants 
that, are of frequent occurrence in 
flower-gardens. In this view it may 
with advantage be used as a Supplement 
to Miss Wakefield's Familiar Introdue- 
tion to Botany. As it is meant chiefly 
to illustrate English Bbtany, those de- 
finitions that are applicable only to fo- 
reign plants, have been, for the most 
part, omitted." 

13. Letters to a Mother on the Manage* 
ment of Infants and Children, embrac- 
ing the important Suljects of Nursings 
Food, Clothing, Exercise, Bathing, 
iSfc. IVith cursory Remarks on the 
Diseases of Itfancy and Childhood, 

with 



1817.] 



.^ 1 



Seoiem ^ New PuhUcations. 



55 




rrfermte$ U tkeir 
ISmo. fp. 14S. Burton and 

/Tol iMNMTolaQt awl yitriotie i»- 
tffitkwii of the Writer of tbofe Let- 
ttn cWHol be too kigbly commeiiied. 

<* Qe MMt.afdently wklies to imprets 
oa Ike fldnd of ereiy pareBt tlie ineal- 
celtMw importaaee which slioald he at- 
tMhiil to the sol^eets diseatted ie thate 
I^tten ; end tineerely hopes tlutt their 
imeettgatlen may eiientially eondoee 
to the heppineit and health of indivi- 
liielffL end of ftumiBes. To him it is 
kMn^piicahiey that the aeliiecU have hi- 
therto engaged to little ettentioe. 
Might not the phytieal and Moral ma- 
eaguwent of inlaBts and childfen eon- 
atkBte e pert of the odueatien of fe- 
audea? for 

■ to know 
Thet which befoie na lies in daily life. 
Is the prime wisdom. Miltor. 

■* He IS aware that fltumy imperfections 
will pieeent theeMehres to the intdll- 
gent reader. He can only say, that the 
graad ofaject which he has kept in view 
whilst preparing the book for the presS| 
hM hcen, pracliMi inaj^." 

14. OsrvtipmuUnee h^weem a. Jthiker 
Olid her Daughter at School. By 
Mn. Taylor, Author of ** MaterruU 
SoHeUude,** 8fc, and Jane Taylor, Au- 
thor qf ** Display," Sfc. \2mo, pp. 145. 
Taylor and Hessey. 

THE Work last noticed is avow- 
edly calculated to protect the help- 
leas Infant from hodily weakncM and 
misfortuoe. The attention of Mrs. 
Taylor and her daughter is fumed 
to the cultivation of the mind ; and 
successful as they have both been in 
preceding attempts of a similar na- 
ture, they may confidentlv expect 
that their present Correspondence will 
he not less favourably received. 

'* For the purpose of conveying in- 
struction to young people at School, the 
method of Letters from a Mother was 
adopted, as the most natural and con- 
venient, and as the most likely to engage 
the attention of those for whose use the 
volume is designed. — ^Tbat the best in- 
terests of their young friends— to whom 
the volume is affectionately dedicated—- 
may be promoted by its perusal, is the 
sincere wish of the Mother and Daugh- 
ter." 

15. Introduction to EngWsh Composition 
and Elocution; in Four Parts, viz, 
1. JEsop modernised and moralised, in 
a Seriei^ Instructive Tales, calculate 
cd^ heth at Reading Lessons, and as 
Suidecti for Narratien: 2. SMeHms 



efthfeee'TaUt, wiih lemding Quet^em 
and Hints, to guide mud astitt theju* 
venUe ff^riter in re c o mp e ring them: 
3. Poetic Read i ng made easy, hf meeme 
rf^ Metrical Notes to each line: 4. 
An Appendix ^ Seieet Proee, By 
John Carey, Z«I«.i>.^. 19mo. ji>p.968. 
Law and Whittaker. 

DR. CABBY hasbeea so long known 
as an Instructor of Tooth, and as the 
Author of many useful Grammatical 
Publications, thathe may promise him- 
self a welcome reception for the pre* 
seal Work. 

His ideas on the subject are these t 

^ The faculty of expressing our 
thoughts in writing is so obvious^ use- 
ful in alflsost every sphere of -life— and, 
la asany situations, so indtspensably ne- 
cessary— that too great or too early at- 
tention eaaoot be paid to its a|^quisitioo• 
Hence the practice of Theme-wr ii ing^ 
which has so long prevailed in our 
schools s a pmetice undoubtedly land- 
able and beneficial, provided that the 
tadL be not prematurely imposed on the 
pupil, at an age when he is incapable of 
executing it himself, and consequently 
obliged te solicit the aid ^ a mumt 
sehMl>mate, whose composition he then 
exhibits as his mon production — at once 
deceiving his teacher, and frustrating the 
views of those friends who take an in- 
terest in his improvement.— -But these 
very serious evils may easily be obviated, 
by avoiding to impose on the junior stu- 
dent a burden disproportioned to bis 
strength ; by first exercising him in the 
composition of plain and easy narrativee 
of simple facts, such as might be sup- 
posed to Ife within the scope of his own 
observation and intellect — of familiar 
transactions, calculated to impress his 
nund with clear and distinct ideas, and 
to call forth remarks more or less ap- 
propriate and judicious, according to the 
measure of his abilities.— Thus he will 
gradually acquire the desired faculty of 
expressing his conceptions in correct 
grammatical language, and in a regular 
connected form ; with the additional ac- 
quisition of new ideas generated by stu- 
dious reflexion, and of a more copious 
choice of words, to give tbem advanta- 
geous utterance, whether with the voice 
or with the pen." 

The " Tales*' are numerous, and 
judiciously selected. 

16. Osman, a Turkish Tale, Bvo, 
pp, 34. Hamilton. 

WE shall begin with the Introduc- 
tory Stanza, as affording a fair speci- 
men of the Author's poetical talents s 

« »Xis 



56 



Review of New Publications. 



fjuly, 



" 'Tis^ere — and o'er famed Helles* wind- 
ing spray [ray ; — 
Fast shedU the Delphic god his parting 
Tinged with the last receding gleams of 
light, height ; 
In radiant splendour glows each pine-capt 
And sinking slow, on Gargara's * dizzy 

brow 
A fainter tint his feebler beams bestow ; 
Till dropp'd at last on ocean's redden- 
ing breast. 
He sinks in glory to his nightly rest.— 
Greece, it was thus thy car of mental 

light 
Sank to the sable shades of endless night. 
Again that sun will glad the morrow's 
sky — - [higb — 

Again his beam will gild the vault on 
But ne'er shalj Science, bursting from 
her tomb, [gloom- 

Pierce the dark woof of Ignorance's 
Oh! ne'er again shall Genius' vivid ray 
Chase night's dim mists and gild the 

glowing day — 
* All is the night's' — and if perchance one 

starf 
Diffuse its radiance, brightly from afar, 
'Tis but to dress in more appalling dye 
The sable clouds that veil the nether sky. 
Soon comes grey twilight on — the fresh- 
ening breeze [trees ; 
Wafts the rich fragrance of the orange 
And every passing zephyr on his wings 
A thousand varied odours sweetly bring^. 
And now night gently waves her pinion 



grey. 



[spray 



And all is husb'd— save where the ocean 

Foams on the shore — or where some light 

guitar [ing star. 

Hails the mild beam of Hesper's Wester- 

** Oft let me rove at eve along this 

shore, [roved before ; 

Where, Greece, thy wisest-^ bravest — 

Or, seated on some parted hero's mound. 

Weep o'er the fetters of this far-famed 

ground ; 
Think o'er the glories of its days goneby^ 
And pay the tribute of a classic sigh. 
Who can forget, that in this mouldering 

grave 
Rest the cold ashes of the Pthian brave ?" 

Pursuing the idea io the Introduc- 
tion to Canto III. the Poet adds, 

* ** Gargara is the loftiest of the Idean 
chain of mountains. See Clarke, 

f " In the scanty list of those who have 
done honour to Modern Greece, the 
names of Psalida and Coray, of Riga, 
and of Canzani, claim a distinguished 
place. — ^They are, if I may be allowed 
the expression, the scintill4B that flash 
along the gloom, or perhaps the few 
faint embers which still survive, to tell 
us where the flame of glory and of sci- 
ence was kindled." 

4 



« Fall'n clime! but oh! bow lovely in 
thy fall! [lords enthrall. 

How fair thy scenes, though torban'd 
Where'er we turn, the feasting eye sur- 
veys [praise. 
Scenes that defy the tongue Of human 
Mountains above -crocks, sands, stnd 
waves below ; • [ty glow. 
Vales, shores, and plains, in wildest bi^ii* 
The moss-grown turret, and the moul- 
dering fane, [plain ; 
In sacred fragments strew the classic 
And tell, though now decay 'd and dimly 
seen, [kaih beenl 
That here the shrine, the home of gods. 
But they have vanish'd — at the rifled 
shrine [low'd wiine. 
Pours forth in floods no more the hal- 
But there the baleful night-weeds widely 
spread, [bead. 
And the sad nettle waves her trembling 
The dome of sculptured bieauty edhbes 
now [vow. 
No Pasans' choral hymn— no warrior's 
There all is silence — save the nightly 

shriek 
Of the lone bird of evening's < tuneless 

beak.' 
The living statue, and the breathing 

bust. 
Moulder alike into neglected dust. 
Oh ! who can marvel if the classic tear 
Bedew each rude and shapeless fragibent 

here ? 
Who but must mourn o'er this polluted 
scene ? [hath been ?" 

Who but must weep o'er what the past 

The Tale itself is short, and Tery 
tragical ; and in some parts the Rea- 
der will perceive lines that will re- 
mind him of haying read Lord Byron. 
The Hero and Heroine are thui de- 
scribed : 

" Osman his name — his aged sire had 
stood [blood- 

First in the field when Widin^ ran with 
'Twas he the rallying Horsetail first un- 
furl'd, [hurl'd ;— 

And from his throne the rebel traitor 
And now, when time his hoary hoe had 
shed [o'er his bead. 

O'er his blanch'd beard — and silver'd 
He sought, retiring from life's busy stage. 
His native vales, in peace to end his age- 
Such was old. Assad.— Oft to Hassan's 
dome, [bloom, 

Whilst yet his youth was in its earliest 
Young Osman came — ^at first, as children 

may. 
To seek some sharer in their sportive play i 
But soon the star that beamed from Lei- 
la's eye 
Awoke his soul (o livelier ecstacyi ' 

X Widin was the usurped capital of 
the celebrated Oglou. 

And 



lSi7.] 



Itmem qf New. PubUauimis. 



5t 



And oft nben eartt ran bi^h woold be 

repair [fti|d elsewhere. 

T» lier, to meet that rest be could not 

«< His beart was form'd in Virtue's 

U^ rest mould, [gold ; 

Ko dvoas was tempered with its purest 
Cosullied from the band that gave it 

birth, [earth. 

jlearee caught his Soul one stain of viler 
Ilia nas Uiat heart, which, form'd in 

Nature^s pride, 
ttuk^'A with the gj^t and sigh'd with 

those that sigh*d ; 
fboaih love still bade his youthful pulse 

beat high, [his eye; 

Aush'd o*er his cheek, orglitter'd in 
Yet never shrank he from the battle 

fire,— [ire. 

Keen was his blade, and dreaded was his 
Hia name was fear*d on every hostile 

shore, [Christian, more? 

filaaa'dby his own, what wouldst thou, 

• " * Achaia's plains with loveliest 

nymphs abound, 
* And there the sweetest dark-eyed maids 

are found :' 
So sang the Teian Baid of old:— bis strain 
Mi^ wake once more — hia reed be 

beard again, 
Ccmld his dim eye in rapture scan the 

graee [Leila's face.' 

That beam'd and thrill'd the soul from 
She was as fair and lovely as the ray 
7hat gilds the rain-clouds of an April 

day; 
Yet pure and spotless as the limpid wave 
IThat, glittering, sparkles in the moun- 
tain cave. 
It was as though some Houri, kindly 

given, [heaven. 

To teach and smooth the arduous path to 
Had come from high — to prove how 

sweet the kiss [of bliss." 

That waits the Moslem in the bowers 

Osman, who 

'* Oft had long'd to roam o*er climeS 
unknown," 

at length accomplishes his intention : 

*' Meantime another woo'd his des- 
tined bride — 

Another's hand the virgin zone untied. 

Setim — (for this the happier suitor's 
name]— ^ [frame i 

Was wealthy— ^oung — of tall and noble 

Bot all was false within; — his rancorous 
beart 

Bat ill could play the enamour'd lover's 
part." 

The result of the story is, that the 
Rifalf kilt each other— and the un- 
happy lady expires on hearing the 
dismal ereot, and beholding the bleed- 
tag corpse of Osmao. 

GwT. Mao. July, 181t. 

8 



** Beneath an aged cypress* gloomy 

shade [laid ; 

steeps Osman — dust to dust now stilly 
And o'er his narrow chamber frowna- 

alone, [stones 

That nearly perished*— one. sepulchral 
In vain the baleful we^eds around it twine . 
Their lawless tendrils— G^n»an, still 'tis 

thine :— 
Full peaceful sleep the ashes of thd 

brave— [man's grave i^.'V 

' The fragrant dust betrays the good 

f ** But he— his rival's cold detested 

clay (of prey : 

Shall prove the meal of many a bird of 
No friend hath be to sorrow o'er his bier. 
Or o'er his relics shed the pious tear : 
No: where he fell — unhonour'd— spurn'd, 

—he lies— [quies ;— * 

Deprived of e'en the humblest obse- 
And every tongue that fear'd him wbUst 

alive^ strive.— 

Now seems how far to curse his name to 

" Leila !— thy tomb is fair — no storied 

stone [known:— « 

Records thy fate — too well — ^too surely 
But there, i^ fame says true, the blush- 
ing rose. 
And every gentle plant eternal blows. 
Beneath-^hy virgin dust for aye is laid. 
Peace to thy gentle-Hfneek — and holy i 

shade.— « 
Here oft at eve fthall Helles' maids be 

found—* [sound ; 

Here shall the sad WulwuUeh % oft re- 
And the lone Bulbul§ oft shall linger here, 
Where bloom the earliest flowerets of the' 

year ; — 
And thy cold aslies oft shall claim the si^h 
Of the lone pilgrim as he loitereth by.' 



>» 



it. Herculaneum Rolls. Correspondence 
reUUive to a Proposition made by Dr. 
Sickler of Hildburghausen, upon the 
subject of tticir Develop^ment. Ato, pp, 
27. Bartield. 

THE Literary World will see with 
much satisfaction that the process 
of deciphering these antient Rolls is 
in a fair train of completion. A neat 
Copper-plate exhibitmg one half of 
a column of one of the Rolls accom- 
panies the present pamphlet; and a 
part of the Correspondence will be 
found in our present Number, p. 37, 

* " This is a celebrated Oriental pro- 
verb. 1 hope that 1 have no need of 
apology in introducing it here." 

t This is somewhat too abrupt. The 
name of Selim is wanting. Edit. 

X Wulwulleh is the death-song of 
Turkey ; similar to the Coronach of the 
Highlands. § Nightingale. 

LITE- 



58 



LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. 



[July; 



Oxford, May 19* The Chancellor's 
Prizes were adjudged to the following 
Gentlemen : Latin f^ei'sea, " Regnum 
Persicam k Cyro fundatum," to James 
Shergold Boone, commoner of Christ- 
church ; English Bssap, *' On the Union 
df Classical with Mathematical Studies/' 
to Charles Atmoor Ogilyie, B. A. 'fel- 
low of Balllol College; Z^eUin Essay, 
" Quam vim babeat ad informandos Ju- 
▼enum Animos Poetarum Lectio?" to 
Thomas Arnold, B. A. sometime scho- 
lar of Corpus Christi College, and now 
fellow of Oriel College ; Sir Roger New- 
digate*s Prize, English Verse, "The 
Farnese Hercikles," to the aforesaid 
Jambs Shergold Boone, commoner of 
Christchurch, and lately elected to one 
of Lord^Craven's Scholarships. 

Cambridge, June 6. The Chancellor's 
gold medal for the best English Poem is 
adjudged to Hare Townshend, esq. fel- 
low commoner of Trinity Hall ; subject^ 
** Jerusalem^" 

The Fitzwilliam Museum has received 
an augmentation of Grecian and Egyp- 
tian antiquities, from Dr. Fiott Lee, of 
St. John's College ; viz a large Torso of 
Jsis, in green basalt, a Stele of Verde 
Antico, and small figures of Osiris bear- 
ing the plough, being the Penates of 
£gypt, in glazed terra cotta, 

Qimhridge, June 27. The Members' 
Prizes to two Senior and two Middle 
Bachelors of Arts, for the best Disserta- 
tions in Latin prose, are this year ad- 
judged as follows : Senioi' Bachelors, H. 
BoBiNSON, fellow of St. John's College; 
J. C. Franks, scholar of Trinity College; 
Middle Bachelor, J. J. Blunt, fellow of 
St. John's College [no second Prize was 
adjudged to a Middle Bachelor.} 

The PorsoD Prize, for the best trans- 
lation of a passage in Shakspeare into 
Greek verse, has been adjudged to G. J. 
Pennington, of King's. This is the first 
year of the institution of the Prize. (See 
f»art 1. p. 442.) 

The Norrisian Prize, for the best Es- 
say upon a Sacred, subject, has this year 
been adjudged to J. C. Franks, scholar 
of Trinity College, for his Essay on 
**The Internal Evidence of the Genuine- 
ness and Authenticity of the Gospels." 

Sir W. Browne's three Gold Medals 
for the present year are adjudged as fol- 
lows : for the Greek Ode, to Mr. G, 
Stainforth, of Trinity College ; for the 
Latin Ode, to Mr. W. N. Lettsom, of 
Trinity College ; for the Epigrams, to 
Mr. G. J. Pennington, of King's CoUe^. 

The first Oration Prize in Trinity Col- 
lege was adjudged to Charles, the se- 
cond son of the late Right Hon. R. B. 
Sheridan. 



The Society of St. Peter's College^ 
Cambridge, have received a verjr un- 
expected and magnificent present of 
20,000/. from au unknown Benefactor, 
The Master and Fellows lately receivied 
letters requesting their attendance in 
London to receive the tame. At th« 
time and place appointed, they met the 
agent of the donor, who, alter regaling 
them with a handsome dinner, trans- 
ferred the above som for the use of the 
Society for ever, saying it came from a 
gentleman aged 94, but whose name 
would not be known till after bis de- 
cease. The reason assigned for the g;ift 
is the legacy duty being thus avoi&d. 
The College, it is said, intend to applv 
the interest of the money towards found- 
ing some new Scholarships, and aug- 
menting some of their Fellowships. 

fVinehester, July 18. The election 
of Students from St. Mary, Winton, to 
New College, Oxford, took place. This 
measure was followed by the annual d^ 
tribution of Medals given by the Princa 
Regent ; when, before a splendid asseift- 
blage of the County and neigbl>ourhood, 
they were presented to the following^ 
gentlemen, viz, for a Latin Essay, theme, 
" Manca sunt et Hominum opera imper' 
ftctu,** to Mr. Henry Dbanei Antigme, 
to Mr. WiLLfAM Heathcotb, nephew to 
the County Member; <* Se^iotds Ofwfi^ 
ad Mthtes Seditiosos," to Mr. Walter 
Farquhar Hook (son of the Arebdcia* 
con) ; and Demosthenes on the Crown, 
to Mr. Frederick Twistlbton, nephew 
to Lord Saye and Sele. 

We with pleasure announce the com- 
pletion of a new and much enlarged Sdi^ 
tion of ** British Monachism ; nr, Man- 
ners and Customs of the Monks and 
Nuns of England." A considerable poi^ 
tion of the Work has been re-written, with 
a view of introducing large and im- 
portant Accessions from the antient 
Chroniclers, and especially from Zhi 
Cange, a work as recondite as MS. to all 
but our first Antiquaries. The pr«sent 
Edition, enlivened by Reflections suited 
to History, is adapted, not to the Anti"^ 
quary only, but to the general Reader ; 
as interest, curiosity, and entertainment^ 
have been studiously consulted. The vo- 
lume is illustrated with numerous Plates 
of Ecclesiastical Costumes, including XL 
Subjects drawn from existing Specimens 
by John Carter, F. S. A. 

Also, Costumes of the several Monattie 
Orders. In 21 Plates, selected from Stea- 
vens's Continuation of "Dugdale." 

Mr. Nichols has just published bis 
Third Volume of the Works of Hogarth, 
with Fifty additional Plates, (see Part I. 
p. 422.) 

Nearly 



J[«I7,] LITERARt INTELLIGENCE. «© 

Nmt^ THU^fir PMkaUm, SHiylline Leaves ; a collection of Poems 

PmrtU. 4kf The CWil Architecture of by the same Author, 1 vol. 8vo. 

Vitruviasi ccNnpritini^ those Books of 'Toslebs Deceived.*' By the Authoress 

tbeAnthor which relate to the Public of "Antidote to Miseries of Human Life.'* 

And Private Edifices pf the Ancients. Two Volumes of ** Dramatic Tales/* 

Tramlated by William Wilein8» jum by the Author of "The Poetic Mirror.'* 

11.^ F. A. S. &c. *< Rob Roy/' a Novel ; by the Author 

The TransaetioQS of the Literary So- ofWaverley. 

ciety of Bombay^ toI. I^ 4to. with nume- An Inquiry into the Nature, HisCoiy, 

joua Eogravinss. and first Introduction of Poetiy in Irene- , 

Vola.lI.raiid III. of Historical Sketches ral, hut more particularly of Dramatic 
l>f the South of India. In an attempt to Poetnr, and of that .sort of Vei^ which 
trace the History of Mysore. From the the Latin Poets employed, in their Co- 
DrifiniiftfaeHibdoo Government of that medies; .tending to shew, from the 
^atetothe Eitinction of the Mahom- strbngestpossible evidence, that- Poetical 
paedan Dynasty in 1799 ; founded ehiefly Licenses are unnecessaiy ; and that the 
911 Indian Authorities, collected by the Verses of Sophocles, Piautus, Terence^ 
Aothor while officiating^ for several years Pindar, and Horace, are erroneously re- 
us Political Resident at the Court of My- gulatedj but may be correctly distri* 
toije* By Colonel Mark Wilks. 4to. buted without any violation of the Laws 
Memoirs on Eu^^pean and Asiatic of Prosodia. By Jobn Sydney Hawkins, 
Tmlsey, from the Manuscript Journals Esq. F. A. S. 

of Modem Travellers in those Countries. Chemical Amusement i comprising a 

Edited \fy Robert Walpole, A. M. 1 vol. Series of curious and instructive Ezpor 

4l«. Illustrated with Plates. This work riments in Chemistry, which are easi^ 

^^iU contain manuscript journals, and re- performed, and unattended l^ danger. 

■Mrka enparts of Greece, Asia Minor, Sy- By Mr. Accum. 

pM^ and Egypt, by late Travellers $ and Observations on the Importance of 
tW Statistics, Antiquities, Natural Hia- Gibraltar to Great Britain, as the Means 
toi7, and Geography of those Countries of promoting the Intercourse with tfie 
vtU be elucidated by Drawings and Ob- States of the Mediterranean ; partnsularly 
tenrations, which have never. yet been with Morocco ; to which is added, a De- 
before the pttblick. scription of the Part of Spain immedi- 
An Account of the Origin, Progress, ately connected with Gibraltar. By 
and actual State of the War carried on Christopher Clarke, Captain in the 
between Spain and Spanish America ; Royal Regiment of Artillery. 
containing the principal Facts which The Society for superseding the use of 
have marked the Struggle in Mexico, Climbing Boys in 'cleansing Chimneys, 
New Granada, Venezuela, Chili, and the are about to publidi the Report of the 
Provinces of Rio de la Plata. By a South Committee of the House of Commons on 
American. this interesting subject, with additional 
Volume First, Part First, of the Edin- informadon relating tu it, under the di- 
borgh Gaaetteer, or Geographical Die- rection of Mr. W. Tooke, the Treasurer. 
tionary; comprising a complete body of Prepaiing for Publication, 
Geography, Physical, Political, Statisti- Mr. Scott's •• History of Scotland" 
cal, and Commercial. Accompanied by is rapidly advancing. 
an Atlas, constructed by A. Arrowsmith, Dr. Blake has nearly ready fur pub- 
Hydrographer to the Prince Regent, lication, in several Volumes, Imperial 
jTo he continued every three months. Quarto, a splendid and authentic Peer- 
Vindication of a Review of the Bamp- age of these Realms, from the earliest 
ton Lectures for 1B15, inserted in the records to the present day, in which a 
British Critic ; in two Letters addressed genealogical and tabular view of the 
to the Rev. Reginald Heber, M. A. ' personal descent, original creation, and 
. eontaining a Defence of the Arguments collateral branches of every title will be 
in Favour of the Doctrine of the Trinity, given, whether living or extinct, form- 
% the Rev. Frederick Nolan, late of ing at once a clear and comprehensive 
ibBeter College, Oxford. history of every family on whom any dis- 
A neat re-print of « The Unbelief of St. tinction has been conferred by the Sove- 
Thomas the Apostle laid open for the reigns of these Kingdoms. — ^This Publi- 
Comfort of all that desire to. believe ; cation will be succeeded by correspoud- 
whicfa armeth us against despair in the ing Editions of the Baronetage and 
hour of death." By Nicholas Bounde, Orders of Knighthood. 
D. D. First printed in 1608. A History of Berwick-upon-Tweed, 
Biographia Literaria ; or, Biograpbi- and its Vicinity, including a Compeii- 
ial Sketches of my Literary Life and dium of Border History. By the Rev. 
Opinions ; by S. T. Coleriogi, Esq. % T. Johnstone, Minister of the Low 
ioli« flvo* Meeting House in that town. 

Mr. 



50 Review of New Publications. [Julyj 

And some ^at Lords, who lord it over tional Bard, may at length find < a local 

all, habitation and a name ;' neither facts 

Unless they're well supported^ some- nor opinions shall ever be 'tinctured or 

times fall *. distorted by the petty enmities of pri- 

If you supply peach-trees with too much vate life, or the political hostilities of 

meatf, [treat; the present day." 

Their fruit no longer proves so nice a ^j^. , . . 

Large cracks, and fissures most unsight- ^. .. i ;«, « j , V,^ L^» 

ly, mark. Obituary for 1815 and 1816, but a 

With oozing guin, the rough distended •uppjemeatal part allotted to iieg^eci- 

l>ark ; ^ biography, inciudmg the UTea of 

Thus, men who daily feast on choicest Sir William Jones, Thomas Jobnet, 

food, [mood, esq. Marshal Ney, and the Ex-Empress 

Men who are always in , the feasting Josephine. To this it tDnezed an 

Large Justice Greedies, who will gor- analysis of the most popular bio* 

mandize graphical publications. We Tentartt 

At city feasts, till they can barely rise ! to suggest as an improvenient of this 

Or drink strong wines, till oflF their seats pjan, that the analysis should extend 

they fall [all ! ! ! ^^ Continental articles of biographTft 

Flat on the flaor,-.and cannot nse at po«Mj,sing superior merit; for initiia, 

Such men get burnmg noses,-blazing ^^ abridgmelit of GoetheV Memoiri 

And foreheads mark'd with deep ver- f^^"'^ ^«'»* an agreeable ajidiUon to 

million Streaks • "^^ ensumg volume. In tbe present 

And tongues so scorching hot, they'd publication, we have been particularly 

make a toast / [roast I pleased with tbe MemoiTt of the bene- 

So hot, they'll sometimes sober mortals volent Mr. Wilmot, of tbe late Mr. 

They look as though they'd been in all Whitbread, and of Mr. Sheridan, olf 

the wars, — Mr. Justice Hardinge, (which, how- 
Were knighted § for their zeal— 'and ever, will be hereafter much more fully 

wore their **ar* H." given by his friend Mr. Nicboli), Sir 

William Jones — and the Ex-Empresf 

8. The Annual Biography and Obituary Josephine. 
/or 1817* Longman and Co, 



THAT Biography is a neglected 9. Provincial Letters^ eotUaimngr 

department of our Literature has been Exposure efthe Reasoning ondMorais 

long acknowledged and regretted. ^ the Jesuits. By Blaise Pascsl. 

To supply this desideratum is, as sta- Originally publishsd under the name 

ted in the Preface, the object of the ^/ I-o"" de Montalte. Translated 

present publication. from the French. To wMeh is added, 

^ ^ A View tf the History of th$ Jesaits, 

« To endeavour to wipe away this and the late Bull for the Revitfal^tki 

charge of biographical penury, it is pro- Ch-der in Europe. 8w. pp. 383. Gale 

posed to publish an Annual Volume, an<^ Fenner. 

which,withoutncglecting the facts scat- «,»»«* r-n 1 j t* »» " 

tered in fugitive and miscellaneous pub- . THE fame of Pascal and bit " Pkh 

lications, shall contain a^ariety of origi- ▼mcial Letters" bath been too lony 

nal documents, remarks, and illustra- ^^^ ^00 widely established, to require 

tions. In fine, while here, as in one of any particular description. TbeLel* 

the Temples of Antiquity, celebrated ters were first published in ld57» 

men, in the language of our great na- 12mo ; an Edition highly Tftloed f 

— '^-— '— '-^'— ™"" ' ' ■' ' ' *' ' 'III,, _ , III! 

* '< And he fell, and he fell. 

To. the regions of HeU,"'^Refected Addresses, 
f *< If too much food be given to a peach tree, its bark bursts, grows roofb, 
and secretes gum ; and in the same manner, a person who lives on high and 
stimulating food, has a red countenance, pimples, boils, and various eruptums an the 
skin.** — Spurz. p. 449.— [" Old men have grey beards ; their eyes purging thick 
amber and plum-tree gum."] Shakespeare. 

X « Diseased Nature oftentimes breaks forth 
In strange eruptions," Shakespeare. 
§ " Thou art our Admiral, thou bearest the lantern in the poop, — b«t 'tis in tbe 
nose of thee $ thou art the knfght of the burning lamp."-~^<mf^ IF, part 1. a§tZ_. 
scene 2. 
II *< Starr'd with pimples o'er." Dr. Johnson. , 

and 



Igl7j Remm 9f New Publicatiem. $i 

«Bi W€te afterwards tnwslftted into tries. They boasted of the friendship of 

all laDj^Otgety and printed over and Catherine de Medieis, who espoused 

OTer a^ain. Yoltaire sajs of them, their canse^ and under whose infloenee 

«* The Bishop of Lncon, son of the ^ "'r^lH IVv^'Ik ""^''I ""t 

celebrated Bossy, told me, that asking w^t t^wJl IT* had three Jesuit 

^^j xi. »s u -. t\M ^ u.* ur^ju confessors, wbico may explain the re- 

«e .by the Bi.hop of M«iax "hat WoA ,^y^ „, ^^ ^j.^ ^^ j,JP 

fa» would coTet most to be the Author .. t^ Jeiaiu bav. been notoriew for 

•f, wippoemg hi. own performuices «t ^ttemptinc the lire, of prince." TbI 

SSSTnce^d lather... »* SSTn^ f^^^" 'L^'ST^? 

From the brief «* View of the His- 'the Jesuits had fomented the plots 

tor? of the JesoiU,*' prefixed to this a«wnst her person, excited her subjecu 

Edition, a few particulars shall be ^ '«^°**t P~7°*^?* foreign princes to 

. . • *- compass her death, engaged in all af- 

***^^ ' fairs of SUte, and by their' language and 

^In Jf^erlMifft}, where the Jesuits were writings, had undertaken to dispose of 

first received, they obtained the diree- her crown/ 

tioB of the Court, which for many years " Lucius enumerates five conspiracies 

deliTcred to them the consciences of its of the Jesuits against James I. before he 

princes and the education of the people, had reigned a year. They contrived the 

Portugal opened the. door to their mis- gunpowder plot. So late as the time of 

skms, and gave them establishments in George 1. both Houses of Parliament 

Asia, Africa, and America. They usurp- reported, that the evidence examined by 

ed the sovereignty of Paraguay, and them on the conspiracy of Plunket ahd 

resisted the fbrees of Portugal anil Spain, Layer bad satisfactorily shown that it 

who claimed It. The Court of Lisbon, had for its object the destruction of the 

and even Rome herself, protested in King, the subversion of the laws, and 

vain against tbeir excesses. The league the crowning of the Popish Pretender ; 

in Franee was, in reality, a conspiracy and they state, that ' Plunket was bom 

of the Jesuits under the sanction of Six- at Dublin, and bred up at the Jesuits' 

tns V. to disturb the succession to the college at Vienna.' Henry 111. of France 

throne of France. The Jesuits' College was assassinated by Clement, a Jesuit, 

at Paris was the grand focus of the se- in 1589. The Jesuits murdered Wil- 

ditions and treasons which then agitated liam Prince of Orange, in 1584. They 

the state ; and the mler of the Jesuits attempted the life of Louis XV. for im- 

was president of the Council of Sixteen, posing silence on the polemics of their 

which gave the impulse to the leagues Order, besides innumerable other atro- 

formed there and throughout France, cities. 

Matthieu, a Jesuit and confessor of « The pernicious spirit and constitu- 

Henry Hi. was called < The Courier of tion of tbis Order rendered it early de- 

tbe League,' on account of his frequent tested by the principal Powers of £u- 

joumeys to and from Rome at that dis- rope; and while Pascal, by his *■ Pro-' 

astrous period. vincial Letters,' exposed the morality of 

** In Germany the Society appropri- the Society, and thus overthrew their 

ated the richest benefices, particularly influence over the multitude, dififerent 

those of the monasteries of St. Benedict Potentates concurred, from time to time, 

and St Bernard. Catharine of Austria to destroy or prevent its establishments. 

confided in them, and was supplanted ; Charles V. opposed the Order in bis do- 

and loud outcries were uttered against minions : it was expelled in England by 

them by the sufferers in Vienna, in the the proclamation of James L in 1604: 

States of Styria, Carinthia, Camiola, in Venice, in 1606; in Portugal, in 

and elsewhere. Their cruelties in Po- 1759; in France, in 1764; in Spain and 

land will never be forgotten. They were Sicily, in 1767; and suppressed and abo- 

expelkd from Abyssinia, Japan, Malta, lished by Pope- Clement XIV. in 1775. 

Cochin, Moscow, Venice, and other Recently, however, the Pope has dared 

places, for their gross misconduct ; and to re-establish it, though Clement had 

in America and Asia they carried devas- acted on the entreaties of even Catbo- 

tation and blood wherever they went, lie Sovereigns, who deemed it incompa- 

The great object of the persecution of tible with the existence of civil society, 

the Protestants in Saviyy was the con- It must be acknowledged, indeed, to be 

fiscation of their property, in order to a fit instrument for ecclesiastical despo- 

endow the colleges of the Jesuits. They tism, and may therefore^ be regarded 

had, no doubt, a share in the atrocities with indifference by all who are uncOn- 

of the Duke of Alva in the Low Coun- cerned to secure the liberties of their 

fellow- 



50 Review of New Publications. [J^lyj 

And some ^eat Lords, who lord it over tional Bard, may at length find < a local 

all, balntation and a name ;' neither facts 

Unless they're well supported, some- nor opinions shall ever be tinctured or 

times fall *. distorted by the petty enmities of pri- 

If you supply peach-trees with too much vate life, or the political hostilities of 

meatf, [treat; the present day." 

Their fruit no longer proves so nice a -,, . „^i„^^ «<,»«»•:«. «^» <,*«i-. •» 
T «-«« «.»«i.e «r.j A»c...iL> «»^«* .,«e;«ik4- " »"• ▼olumc contaiDfl not only an 

Larffe cracks, and nssures most unsignt- ^... *. .oik j«o./« u"^* 

ly mark Obituary for 1815 and 1816, but a 

With oozing gum, the rough distended •upplehaentai part allotted to iieglcct. 

^2fl( . ed biography, includmg the lives or 

Thus, men who daily feast on choicest Sir Williain Jones, Thomas Jobnes, 

food, [mood, esq. Marshal Ney, and the Ex-Empress 

Men who are always in , the feasting Josephine. To this is annexed an 

Large Justice Greedies, who will gor- analysis of the most popular bio* 

mandize graphical publications. We Tenturtt 

At city feasts, Ull they can barely rise ! to suggest as an improvement of this 

Or drink strong wines, till ofif their seats plan, that the analysis should extend 

they fall [aU ! » ! ^^ Continental articles of biographT. 

Flat on the floor,-.and cannot nse at possessing superior merit; for instance. 

Such men get hurnmg noses,-blazing ^^ abridgmelit of Goethe'^ Memoirs 

And foreheads mark'd with deep ver- f^^"'^ ^^"^"^ an agreeable addition to 

million Streaks ; the ensuing volume. In the present 

And tongues so scorching hot, they'd publication, we have been particularlj 

make a toast / [roast / pleased with the Memoirs of the beno- 

So hot, they'll sometimes sober mortals volent Mr. Wilmot, of the late Mr. 

They look as though they'd been in all Whitbread, and of Mr. Sheridan, olf 

the wars, — Mr. Justice Hardinge, (which, how- 
Were knighted § for their zeal— 'and ever, will be hereafter ranch more ftillj 

wore their stars Ij." given by his friend Mr, Nichols), Sir 

William Jones-wind the Ex-Empress 

8. 7%tf Annual Biography and Obituary Josephine. 
for 1817< Longman and Co, 

THAT Biography is a neglected 9* Provincial Letters, eotUaimsig «h 

department of our Literature has been Exposure of the Reasoning and Morals 

long acknowledged and regretted. ^ the Jesuits. By Blaise Pascal. 

To supply this desideratum is, as sta- Originally published under the name 

ted in the Preface, the object of the e/" Louis de Montalte. Translaied 

present publication. ^1^/^ l^'V'^^- ^ "^^t « ««wf, 

^ '^ A View of the History of IA« Jesuits, 

" To endeavour to wipe away this and (he late Bull for the Revival of tke 

charge of biographical penury, it is pro- Order in Europe. %vo. pp. 883. Gale 

posed to publish an Annual Volume, an<^ Fenner. 

which,without neglecting the facts scat- «,„« r r-n t j l» « « 

tered in fugitive and miscellaneous pub- . THE fame of Pascal and bif " Pror 

lications, shall contain a^ariety of origi- ▼mcial Letters" hath been too long 

nal documents, remarks, and illustra- ^^^ too widely established, to re^nire 

tions. In fine, while here, as in one of AOJ particular description. TbeLel* 

the Temples of Antiquity, celebrated ters were first published in IdSTy 

men, in the language of our great na- 12mo ; an Edition highly Taioed f 

* *< And he fell, and he fell. 

To. the regions of HeW^^Refected Addresses, 
f ** If too much food be given to a peach tree, its bark bursts, grows roog^» 
and secretes gum ; and in the same manner, a person who lives on high and 
stimulating food, has a red countenance, pimpksy boils, and various ert^ptions on the 
skin" — Spurz. p. 449.—- [" Okl men have grey beards ; their eyes purging thick 
amber and plum-tree gum."] Shakespeare. 

X « Diseased Nature oftentimes breaks forth 
In strange eruptions,** Shakespeare. 
§ " Thou art our Admiral, thou bearest the lantern in the poop,— bat 'tis in the 
nose of thee $ thou art the knfght of the burning lamp."— ^trm^ IV.part \,aH%y 
scene 2. 
II « Starr'd with pimples o'er." Dr. Johnson. , 

and 



Igl7j RetUw 9f New PubKeatiom. $i 

mni W€te aiterwardi truflated into tries. They boasted of the friendship of 

alllangm^, and printed over and CaUierine de Medieis, who espoused 

OTer a^n. Yoltaire sajs of them, their cwMe^ and under whose influenee 

« The Bishop of Locon, son of the ll?! ™5"^Ill IVv^l^""*'''t ""t! 

cdebrmted Bossy, told me. that asking !"2!!!i ^mIk i * ^^l^J^t^^^ 

UairM. Examples M^ali the species of ^^ ?' Queen Eliiabeth presente « 

jLMMvrv. cAttuipvca VI ail uj« .|K,w» v« succession of plots. lo hcF prochuDation 

JSloquence ahoond in them. ^^ ^^^ «^ ^^^^^ ^ J i^Tha? 

From the brief <* View of the His- '^^« Jesuits had fomented the plots 

tor? of the Jesuits,*' prefixed to this a«*>n«t her person, excited her sufajecu 

Edition, a few particulars shall be ^ '«^°**» provoked foreign princes to 

1^ ■ compass her death, engaged in all af- 

fairs of SUte. and by their' language and 

" In Jf'srlMfiei}, where the Jesuits were writings, had undertaken to dispose of 

first received, they obtained the diree- her crown/ 

tioB of the Court, which for many years *< Lucius enumerates five conspiracies 

deliTered to them the consciences of its of the Jesuits against James I. before he 

princes and the education of the people, had reigned a year. They contrived the 

Portugal opened the. door to their mis- gunpowder plot. So late as the time of 

skms, and gave them establishments in George 1. both Houses of Pariiament 

Asia, Africa, and America. They usurp- reported, that the eridence examined by 

ed the sovereignty of Paraguay, and them on the conspiracy of Plunket aiid 

resisted the forces of Portugal and Spain, Layer had satisfactorily shown that it 

who claimed It. The Court of Lisbon, had for its object the destruction of the 

and even Rome herself, protested in King, the subversion of the laws, and 

vsJn against their excesses. The league the crowning of the Popish Pretender ; 

in Franee was. in reality, a conspiracy and they state, thkt * Plunket was bom 

ofthe Jesuits under the sanction of Six- at Dublin, and bred up at the Jesuits' 

tns V. to disturb the succession to the college at Vienna.' Henry III. of France 

throne of France. The Jesuits' College was assassinated by Clement, a Jesuit, 

at Paris was the grand focus of the se- in 1589. The Jesuits murdered Wil- 

ditions and treasons which then agitated liam Prince of Orange, in 1 584. They 

the state ; and the mler of the Jesuits attempted the life of Louis XV. for im- 

was president of the Council of Sixteen, posing silence on the polemics of their 

which gave the impulse to the leagues Order, besides innumerable other atro- 

formed there and throughout France, cities. 

Matthieu, a Jesuit and confessor of '* The pernicious spirit and constitu- 

Henry Hi. was called * The Courier of tion of this Order rendered it early de- 

the League,' on account of his frequent tested by the principal Powers of Eu- 

journeys to and from Rome at that dis- rope; and while Pascal, by his < Pro-' 

astrous period. vincial Letters,' exposed the morality of 

" In Germany the Society appropri- the Society, and thus overthrew their 

ated the richest benefices, particularly influence over the multitude, dififerent 

those of the monasteries of St. Benedict Potentates concurred, from time to time, 

and St Bernard. Catharine of Austria to destroy or prevent its establishments. 

confided in them, and was supplanted ; Charles V. opposed the Order in bis do- 

and loud outcries were uttered against minions : it was expelled in England by 

them by the sufferers in Vienna, in the the proclamation of James L in 1604 : 

States of Styria, Carinthia, Camiola, in Venice, in 1606; in Portugal, in 

and elsewhere. Their cruelties in Po- 1759; in France, in 1764; in Spain and 

land will never be forgotten. They were Sicily, in 1767; and suppressed and abo- 

expelkd from Abyssinia, Japan, Malta, lisbed by Pope- Clement XIV. in 1775. 

Cochin, Moscow, Venice, and other Recently, however, the Pope has dared 

places, for their gross misconduct ; and to re-establish it, though Clement had 

in America and Asia they carried devas- acted on the entreaties of even Catho- 

tation and blood wherever they went, lie Sovereigns, who deemed it incompa- 

The great object of the persecution of tibie with the existence of civil society, 

the Protestants in Savoy was the con- It must be acknowledged, indeed, to be 

fiscation of their property, in order to a fit instrument for ecclesiastical despo- 

endow the colleges of the Jesuits. They tism, and may therefore^ be regarded 

had, no doubt, a share in the atrocities with indifference by all who are uncOn- 

of the Duke of Alva in the Low Coun- cerned to secure the liberties of their 

fellow- 



52 



Review of New Publications. 



[Jti\y, 



fellow-roen ; but those who feel as men 
and think like Christians, will read the 
following: Bull for the revival of the 
Order of the Jesuits, with no ordinary 
sensations." 

The Bull fur the re-establish meat 
of this, very notorious Order, dated 
August 7, 1816, is giyen at length. 

10. Lettei'S of Yorick, or a good-hU' 
moured Remonstrance in Javour of the 
Established Church, By a very hum- 
ble Member of it. In Three PaHs, 
Part I, submitted to the Catholic 
Board y Association , or Committee ^ 
wheresoever it may be. Part IL sub- 
mitted to the Bible- Society Men, Lan- 
casterians, and other Aggregate Re- 
formers of the Churchy who are for 
leaving the National Religion out of 
National Education, Part III. sub- 
mitted to the various Advocates, Sfc. 
of the Bible- Society-Men, Lancaster- 
iansy 'Sfc, and other Aggregate Re- 
formers of the Church, Svo, pp. 377. 
Dublin, M illiken ; London, Rivingtons. 

OF these animated Letters, the pro- 
duction of no ordinary pen, the First 
Part, under the title of*'LeUersof 
Publicola,'' was duly noticed in our 
▼oLLXXXVI.i. p. 611. Inthesame 
strain of ** serious argument and 
pleasant irony,*' under the not less 
appropriate name of ** Yorick," the 
Letter- writer stands forth a very 
able Defender of the Established 
Church, against that numerous and 
dangerous race of '' Reformers, who 
are for leaving the National Religion 
out of National Education." 

The Letters in the Second Part 
appeared, the first three of them 
in the Dublin Evening Post, and 
the remainder in the Freeman's Jour- 
nal, under the signature of Numa, 
Those in Part III. in the Correspond- 
ent News- paper, during the Month 
of January, 1817, under the signa- 
ture of PubUcola, 

A specimen or two of the Author's 
maoDcr shall now be given. 

At the conclusion of four Letters 
under the title of* Examination of the 
principle of the Lancasteriau Schools 
(and Bible-Society- men) ; the giving 
to children and adults the Bible with- 
out note or comment ; and vigilantly 
excluding Catechisms of any Church 
from their liislilutions," he says, 

*' I see no good reason why the Ro- 
man Catholics and Dissenters of al- 
most every denomination might not 
still be constituent members of the 



Church of England. They might join 
in taking the sacrament, understand- 
ing it in their own sense. I under- 
stand \t figuratively : others may un- 
derstand it literally, 1 see here' no 
ground of mutual enmity. The most 
liberal Catholics and Dissenters fre- 
quently attend our Church service, and 
acknowledge it to be blameless and void 
of offence. It is not alisolutely neces- 
sary, says Swift, that they should be- 
lieve and subscribe all the thirty-nine 
articles. — And as to direct foreign ju- 
risdiction in either temporals or spi- 
rituals — the Dissenters have renounced 
this long ago; and the Roman Catho- 
lics have virtually renounced this now. 
They may still retain if they please cer- 
tain speculative notions. The human 
intellect, we know, is a mine of inex- 
haustible materials in this wav. But 

m 

this is no reason for schism. We ad- 
mire the Greeks and Romans — though 
Pagans — we even are interested in ima- 
gipation, anif sometimes enter into the 
spirit of Heathen poetry, philosophy, and 
mythology ; especially when this latter 
is represented to the life by painters and 
sculptors. , But these form no part of 
our, serious belief. We do rtot act upon 
it. We admire such inventions ; and 
remain Christians. So in the Two 
Houses of Parliament the minority go 
out upon any division} or draw up & 
protest — remaining constituent mem- 
bers' of the House as before. They are 
not bound to approve of the whole that 
is resolved upon ; nor do they reject the 
whole for a part. They may declare 
their objections and conscientious scru- 
ples. They may prefer in their own 
minds this or that measure ; and main- 
tain, plausibly, that such ought to have 
BEEN the rule — but they submit to what 
IS the rule. Nor do the majority reject 
and exclude, for ever, the members of 
the minority for differing from them- 
^ selves in a matter not essential. Both 
declare that the Government might go 
on better — some in one way— some in 
another : but both agree that it is the 
Government, and must go on." 

The Letter-writer subsequently addi, 

" All of us, whether children or 
adults, must trust to authority t-'to 
evidence and proofs of the skilful : or 
to those whose office it is to study and 
explain what it is essential for us to 
know, and what we cannot discover and 
settle of ourselves merely. We must all 
look up to some standard: and our 
education must relate to this. It should 
do so primarily and directly : for if not, 
it will indirectly, at second hand, and 
erroneously. That there is, and shoidd 
be, an Established Church, it ought not 

to 



1817.1 



jReview of New Publications. 



53 



to be permitted to any man, -so much as 
to qaiestion. No man should be per- 
autled to question this — niext to the 
being of God> and of Revelation. But 
Mr. Hume was suflfered to doubt, and 
.ijiiestion, in print, all three of these 
troths. — Finding that nobody read his 
Sssaya, he disguised his principles un^ 
^r a more popular form, that of His- 
tory. He knew, for the sake of the 
migfeet, the res gesta of England, the 
people would run after and swallow that, 
sk>ng with the poison contained in it. 
This political chymist, infusing his de- 
leterious preparations of the French 
lehool into that kuUxry (as he calls it), 
utterly dissolves the principle of the 
mixed Monarchy of England, in State 
and Church : the very principle of its 
ascendancy abroad, together with its 
jiberty and toleration at home. That 
principle has, under Providence, en- 
abled the United Kingdom to surpass 
all its contemporaries in government, in 
.negociation, and in arms.— ^In particular, 
)n% subject is the vehicle of an insolent 
invective against the English institution 
of Parliaments. 



may' put queer thoughts into his head. 
You should consider Government, some- 
times, have long eart^ so well as long 
hands' But upon reflection, I reco- 
vered from my alarm, as Smith and 
Hume had kindly recommended— this 
very expedient half a century ago. Nor 
was it very new then ; others had in 
their charity and bounty recommended 
it a century or more before the Refor- 
mation. England, having better re- 
sources, and a principle of common 
honesty (that is of common-sense), b^« 
ged again and again to be excused. But 
France, in our times, at the end of its 
resources, was tempted to try the ex- 
periment. The French Revolution, we 
all know, was the result." 

The Author facetiously announces, 
as preparing for publication : 

** A Series of Letters, by Yorick ; to 
serve as a Key to those two facetious pro- 
ductions, which their Authors have been 
pleased to 'yclep Smith's Wealth of Na- 
tions, and Hume's History of England. 

<* In this, Yorick will endeavour to open 
a Repository, whence any Writer, who 



*« His co-adjutor, Adam Smith, (first J*' ^hiiity, leisure, and inchnation, may 
recommending a way in which a The- ^ able to describe, joking apart, the 
atre might be used so as to be the most true political ceconomy of a State—in 



efiectual engine against the religious 
principle) was permitted to call into 
question the expediency of the statis- 
tical (Economy of England. This en- 
gine exploded, indeed, before its time. 
But out of its fragments we have been 
daily and nightly frightened by squibs, 
serpents, and crackers, which have been 
tossed about by the miserable engineers 
in Statistics ever since. —-However, 1 
shall shortly give a good- humoured 
warning to these gentry ; requesting 
only a truce, or cessation of hostilities 
till 1 jcan pay my compliments to them. 

'< The way Smith calculated to get 
this engine of bis admitted into our 
Council Chamber, was by a specious 
offer to Rumfordise the public revenues. 
—He proposed that the expense of all 
our institutions should be saved: — 
while, with the true spirit of a step- 
mother, he recommended that these in- 
stitutions should be left — to take care 
of themselves. 

** These two works occupy the first 
place in our libraries ; and have dicta- 
ted public opinion these 50 years past. 
When I first read Mr. O'Callaghan's 
warning to the Church, * to take care 
lest some future Chancellor of the Ex- 
chequer might oe tempted to insert the 
revenues of the Church as an item in 



the History of the United Kingdom. 

11. Four Letters on the English Con- 
stitution, By G. Dyer, A. B* formerly 
o/* Emmanuel College ^ Cambridge. %va. 
pp. 190. Longman and Co. 

HAVING given in our Volume 
LXXXIII. i. p. 153, a candid opinion 
of these ** Letters," and of their very 
learned and well-intentioned Author; 
it is unnecessary to say more than 
that the present Edition is consider- 
ably improved; and to give an ex- 
tract from the new Preface : 

" As the few following pages can lay 
no claim to the public notice, from any 
testimony, so far as the Author knows, 
to the former Editions, in the existing 
periodical publications, or commenda- 
tory quotations in newspapers, it may 
not be improper to state the reasons, 
which have occasioned the following 
republication. 

" Public praise, to those whose ears 
are accustomed to it, is the earnest of 
fame ; and love of fame, like a poetical 
charm, is a stimulus to new endeavours. 

* Das aliquid fams, quae carmine gra- 
tior aurem 
Occupat humanam ?* Hor. 



his ways and means/ — I could not help And where writers are sure of praise, 
calling out, * Hush ! Mr. 0*Callaghan — they may Calculate, without any danger 
.do not speak so loud — the Chancellor of a mistake, on the success of their new 
of the Exchequer may hear you. You editions. 

'* The 



52 



Review of New Publications. 



[Jti^y, 



fellow-roen ; but those who feel as men 
and think like Christians, will read the 
following: Bull for the revival of the 
Order of the Jesuits, with no ordinary 
sensations." 

The Bull for the re-establish meat 
of this, very notorious Order, dated 
August 7, 1816, is giYcn at length. 

10. Letter's of Yorick, or a good-hii^ 
moured Remonstrance in favour of the 
Established Church, By a very hum- 
ble Member of it. In Three PaHs. 
Part L submitted to the Catholic 
Board t Association , or Committee , 
wheresoever it may he. Part IL sub- 
mitted to the Bible- Society-Men, Lan- 
C(tsterians, and other Agg^-egate Re- 
formers of the Churchy who are for 
leaving the National Religion out of 
National Education, Part III, sub- 
mitted to the various Advocates^ 8fc. 
of the Bible- Society-Men, Lanco^ter- 
iansy 'Sfc. and other Aggregate Re- 
formers of the Church, Svo, pp. 377. 
Dublin, Milliken ; London, Rivingtons. 

OF these animated Letters, the pro- 
duction of no ordinary pen, the First 
Part, under the title of *' Letters of 
Publicola,'' was duly noticed in our 
Tol. LXXXVI.i. p. 611. Inthesame 
strain of ** serious argument and 
pleasant irony,'* under the not less 
appropriate name of ** Yorick," the 
Letter- writer stands forth a very 
able Defender of the Established 
Church, against that numerous and 
dangerous race of <* Reformers, who 
are for leaving the National Religion 
out of National Education." 

The Letters in the Second Part 
appeared, the first three of them 
in the Dublin Evening Post, and 
the remainder in the Freeman's Jour- 
nal, under the signature of Numa, 
Those in Part III. in the Correspond- 
ent News> paper, during the Month 
of January, 1817, under the signa- 
ture of Puhlicola, 

A specimen or two of the Author's 
manner shall now be given. 

At the conclusion of four Letters 
under the title of Examination of the 
principle of the Lancasterian Schools 
(and Bible-Society- men) ; the giving 
to children and adults the Bible with- 
out note or comment ; and vigilantly 
excluding Catechisms of any Church 
from their institutions,'* he says, 

*' I see no good reason why the Ro- 
man Catholics and Dissenters of al- 
most every denomination might not 
still be constituent members of the 



Church of England. They might join 
in taking the sacrament, understand- 
ing it in their own sense. I under- 
stand it figuratively : others may un- 
derstand it literally: 1 see here' no 
ground of mutual enmity. The most 
liberal Catholics and Dissenters fre- 
quently attend our Church service, and 
acknowledge it to be blameless and void 
of offence. It is not alisolutely necet- 
sary, says Swift, that they should be^ 
lieve and subscribe all the thirty-nine 
articles. — And as to direct foreign ju- 
risdiction in either temporals or spi- 
rituals — the Dissenters have renounced 
this long ago; and the Roman Catho- 
lics have virtually renounced this now. 
They may still retain if they please cer- 
tain speculative notions. The human 
intellect, we know, is a mine of inex- 
haustible materials in this wav. Bat 
this is no reason for schism. We ad- 
mire the Greeks and Romans — though 
Pagans — we even are interested in ima- 
gipation, an<i sometimes enter into the 
spirit of Heathen poetry, philosophy, and 
mythology ; especially when this latter 
is represented to the life by painters and 
sculptors. , But these form no part of 
our, serious belief. We do not act upon 
it. We admire such inventions ; and 
remain Christians. So in the Two 
Houses of Parliament the minority go 
out upon any division; or draw up a 
protest — remaining constituent mem- 
bers' of the House as before. They are 
not bound to approve of the whole that 
is resolved upon ; nor do they reject the 
whole for a part. They may declare 
their objections and conscientious scru- 
ples. They may prefer in their own 
minds this or that measure ; and main- 
tain, plausibly, that such ought to have 
BEEN the rule — hut they submit to what 
IS the rule. Nor do the majority reject 
and exclude, for ever, the members of 
the minority for differing from them- 
' selves in a matter not essential. Both 
declare that the Government might go 
on better — some in one way— 4ome in 
another : but both agree that it is the 
Government, and must go on." 

The Letter-writer subsequently addf, 

" All of us, whether children or 
adults, must trust to authority: — to 
evidence and proofs of the skilful : or 
to those whose office it is to study and 
explain what it is essential for us to 
know, and what we cannot discover and 
settle of ourselves merely. We must all 
look up to some standard: and our 
education must relate to this. It should 
do so primarily and directly : for if not, 
it will indirectly, at second hand, and 
erroneously. That there is, and should 
be, an Established Church, it ought not 

to 



1817.1 



Review of New Publications. 



53 



to be pemiitted to any manyso niucb as 
to qaestion. No man should be per- 
nitled to question this— next to the 
Vein^ of God> and of Revelation. But 
Mr. Hume was suflfered to doubt, and 
ciBCStion, in print, all three of these 
troths. — Finding^ that nobody read his 
Bssaya, he disguised his principles un- 



may put queer thoughts into his head. 
You should consider Government, some- 
times, have long ears, so well as long 
hands,* But upon reflection, I reco- 
vered from my alarm, as Smith and 
Hume had kindly recommended— this 
very expedient half a century ago. Nor 
was it very new then ; others had in 



der a more popular form, that of His- their charity and bounty recommended 

tpry. He knew, for the sake of the it a century or more before the Refor- 

mUfjeei, the res gestte of England, the mation. England, having better re- 

]people would run after and swallow that, sources, and a principle of common 

sk>ng with the poison contained in it. honesty (that is of common-sense), b^« 

This political chymist, infusing his de- ged again and again to be excused. But 



leterioua preparations of the French 
lehool into that history (as he calls it), 
utterly dissolves the principle of the 
mixed Monarchy of England, in State 
and Cbarcb : the very principle of its 
ascendancy abroad, together with its 
jiberty and toleration at home. That 
principle has, under Providence, en- 
abled the United Kingdom to surpass 
all its contemporaries in government, in 
.negociation, and in.arms.~^In particular, 
.bis subject is the vehicle of an insolent 
invective against the English institution 
of Parliaments. 



France, in our times, at the end of its 
resources, was tempted to try the ex- 
periment. The French Revolution, we 
all know, was the result.*' 

The Author facetiously announces, 
as preparing for publication : 

** A Series of Letters, by Yorick ; to 
serve as a Key to those two facetious pro- 
ductions, which their Authors have been 
pleased to 'yclep Smith's Wealth of Na- 
tions, and Hume's History of England. 

** In this, Yorick will endeavour to open 
a Repository, whence any Writer, who 



« His co-adjutor, Adam Smith, (first J*« "^^^'^^^ X^y^xxve, and inclination, may 
recommending a way in which a The- ^ able t» descnbe, joking apart, the 
atre might be used so as to be the most true political ceconomy of a State— in 



effectual engine against the religious 
principle)' was permitted to call into 
question the expediency of the statis- 
tical (Economy of England. This en- 
gine exploded, indeed, before its time. 
But out of its fragments we have been 
daily and nightly frightened by squibs, 
serpents, and crackers, which have been 
tossed about by the miserable engineers 
in Statistics ever since. — However, I 



the History of the United Kingdom. 



11. Four Letters on the English Con- 
stitution. By G. Dyer, A. B, formerly 
o/'Emmanuel College^ Cambridge. 8vo. 
pp, 190. Longman and Co. 

HAVING given in our Volume 
LXXXIIL i. p. 153, a candid opinion 

_ _ of these "Letters," and of their very 

shall "shortly give a good- humoured jearned and well-intentioned Author ; 
warning to these gentry ; requesting "^ " unnecessary to say more than 
only a truce, or cessation of hostilities that the present Edition is consider- 
till 1 jcan pay my compliments to them, ably improved; and to give an ex- 

<*The way Smith calculated to get tract from the new Preface : 
this engine of his admitted into our 



Council Chamber, was by a specious 
offer to Rurnfordise the public revenues. 
— He proposed that the expense of all 
our institutions should be saved: — 
while, with the true spirit of a step- 
mother, he recommended that these in- 
stitutions should be left — to take care 
of themselves, 

" These two works occupy the first 
place in our libraries ; and have dicta- 
ted public opinion these 50 years past. 
When I first read Mr. O'Callagban's 
warning to the Church, * to take care 
lest some future Chancellor of the Ex- 
chequer might i)e tempted to insert the 
revenues of the Church as an item in 
his ways and means/ — I could not help 
calling out, ' Hush ! Mr. O'Callaghan — 



" As the few following pages can lay 
no claim to the public notice, from any 
testimony, so far as the Author knows, 
to the former Editions, in the existing 
periodical publications, or commenda- 
tory quotations in newspapers, it may 
not be improper to state the reasons, 
which have occasioned the following 
republication. 

** Public praise, to those whose ears 
are accustomed to it, is the earnest of 
fame ; and love of fame, like a poetical 
charm, is a stimulus to new endeavours. 

* Das aliquid fams, quae carmine gra- 
tior aurem 
Occupat humanam ?' HoR. 

And where writers are sure of praise, 
they may Calculate, without any danger 



• do not speak so loud — the Chancellor of a mistake, on the success of their new 
of the Exchequer may hear you. You editions. 

'* The 



54 



Review of New Publicattofis. 



<* The Author, however, is possessed of 
some testimonies,, which are encourag- 
ing^, ample enough for the fondness of a 
parent's hopes, that his little offspring 
does not altogether ileserve to die. A 
man's own conscience, the only proper 
witness of bis motives, or assiduity, can 
have no force with any one but himself; 
but the judgment of men of upright in- 
tentions, and thoroughly conversant in 
the subjects treated of, may be allowed 
to have some force with others : for 
though the self-love of authors is pro- 
▼erbial, and there is no class of men, of 
whom it may with more propriety be 
said, ' they stand too near to see them- 
selves,' yet the views of men of supe- 
rior learning, eminent in their profes- 
sion, and particularly distinguished, as 
their valuable publications sufficiently 
testify, for their knowledge in our Laws 
and Constitutional History, the views 
of such men are made at a distance, 
and may be expected to be taken with- 
out partialUy and without hypocrisy. The 
approbation, therefore, of such men, ex- 
pressed as it has been, with much warmth, 
either by Letter, or personal interviews, 
could not fail to be grateful and animat- 
ing; though, where no authority was 
given to mention persons, it would not 
be justifiable to do so, nor, as they might 
not assent to every particular opinion 
stated here, would it, be proper. The 
writer, however, does think himself jus- 
tified in availing himself of their autho- 
rity so far, as to hope, that what could, 
in general, approve itself to men of such 
discernment and knowledge, may con- 
tain a few hints that will not be unac- 
ceptable to some other readers. These 
considerations, further enforced by the 
solicitations of several persont to pos- 
sess copies of these Letters — the former 
edition being out of print — are the rea- 
sons, which he has for venturing on a 
new edition. 

<< Another inducement was found in 
the pursuits which at present princi- 
pally engage him. The former edition 
of these Letters was proffered as a 
pledge, that, however occupied, he was 
not likely to shew hostility to the Eng- 
lish Constitution, nor to play at cross 
purposes with the principles of civil and 
religious liberty. That pledge, it is 
hoped, has been redeemed : and this re- 
publication is offered as a similar pledge, 
that in the further prosecution of a work, 
in which he has been for several years 
engaged, he may be expected to keep the 
same course ; and, by shewing a decent 
respect to eminent men of all parties, 
to follow the line of what be conceives 
to be the true English character. 

" Perhaps there was a reason stronger 
than even these. Our political b«mi- 



[JuJj, 



sphere is at present overspread with an 
awful cloud, arising, in part, from a lon^ 
war, in part from present distress, and 
the restraints of power. The circum- 
stances of the war, and public distrest, 
would offer too much matter for pre^ 
sent consideration ; the restraints of 
government is the only topic which be- 
longs to this place." 

As our former comineDdatioD doe« 
not appear to have been "a teiti- 
roony" eiUirely accordant to Mr. 
Dyer's expectation, we decline en- 
tering further into his argumenU 
against the Suspension Actf and Um 
Reform of PariiamenL 

\^, A Practical Introduction to Botany^ 
Illustrated by References, under each 
Definition, to Plants <if easy Aceet$, 
and by Numerous Figures; and also 
comprising a Glossary of Botank 
Terms, By the Rev, W. Bingley, A,M. 
F.L,S. Author of Animal Biography , 
^c, 1 3mo. pp, 89. Qale and Fenner. 
THE Amateurs of this elegant 
Science ^re much indebted to Mr. 
Binglej for this compendious and 
satisfactory Manual, which is ac- 
companied by Nine explanatory £n- 
grayings; and of which the Author 
very unaffectedly says: 

" This little work is by no means in- 
tended to supersede the larger, and 
more valuable introductions to the 
study of Botany; particularly Profes- 
sor Martyn's Letters, and Sir James 
Edward Smith's Elementary Treatise. 
The latter of these, in particular, must 
continue to be read and admired s* 
long as any taste for this study shall 
exist in the British dominions. The 
claims to attention of the present pub- 
licatibn are founded chiefly on its port- 
able size ; its comprising, within a nar- 
row compass, all the principal defini- 
tions arranged in systematic order, and 
these being, in general, illustrated by 
reference to English plants, or to plants 
that, are of frequent occurrence in 
flower-gardens. In this view it may 
with advantage be used as a Supplement 
to Miss Wakefield's Familiar Introdue- 
tion to Botany. As it is meant chiefly 
to illustrate English Bbtany, those de- 
finitions that are applicable only to fo- 
reign plants, have been, for the most 
part, omitted." 

13. Letters to a Mother on the Mcmage* 
ment of Jnfants and Children, embnte- 
ing the important Subjects of' Nursing, 
Food, Clothing, Exercise, Bathmg, 
iSfc. JVith cursory Remarhs on the 
Diseases of Infancy and Chiidhood, 

Ufith 



1«17.] 



Jtmem tf New Puhlicaiwns. 



55 



fpUft o f&rtkuUw ref(Krmie$ to their 
frtvemUm, lSfiio,/p.l43. Burton am^ 




THB licneTc patriotic ift- 

toilioBt of tbe Writer of those Let- 
tm ciOBDt be too highly commemled. 

** He aKMt ardently wlahes to imprest 
OB the mind of erery parent tbe incal- 
cslaUe importance which shookl be at- 
ttthed to the sol^ects discussed in these 
l4tterB ; and sincerely hopes that their 
iiMitii^ion may essentially conduce 
to the happiness and health of indivi- 
dials» and of families. To him it is 
ioeiplicable, that the sebj^cts have hi- 
therto engaged so little attention. 
" Ifight not the physical and moral ma- 
asgeflsent of mlBats and children con- 
ititnte a part of Uie education of fe- 
■aks? for 

— — to know 
That which before us lies in daily life, 
h the prime wisdom. Milton. 

** He is aware that many imperfections 
win present themsehres to the intelli- 
gent reader. He can only say, that the 
grand object which he has kept in view 
whilst preparing tbe book for the press, 
hm been, frmcHeai lOiUty" 

X4. Qofmtptmiance hetween a. Mother 
and her Daughter at School. By 
Mrs. Taylor, Author of ** Maternal 
Solicitude,** 8fc. and Jane Taylor, Ju- 
thor qf " Display" Sfc, l^mo. pp. 145. 
Taylor and Hessey. 

THE Work last noticed is avow- 
edly calculated to protect tbe help- 
less Infant from bodily weakness and 
misfortuoe. Tbe attention of Mrs. 
Taylor and her daughter is turned 
to tbe cultivation of the mind ; and 
niccessful as they have both been in 
preceding attempts of a similar na- 
ture, they may confidently expect 
that their present Correspondence will 
be not less favourably received. 

'< For tbe purpose of conveying in- 
struction to young people at School, the 
method of Letters from a Mother was 
adopted, as the most natural and con- 
venient, and as the most likely to engage 
the attention of those for whose use the 
volume is designed. — ^That the best in- 
terests of their young friends — to whom 
the volume is ajfectionately dedicated- 
may be promoted .by its perusal, is the 
sincere wish of the Mother and Daugh- 
ter." 

15. Iniroduction to English Composition 
ami Elocution ; in Four Parts, viz, 
1. .£sop modernised and moralised, in 
a Series qf Instructive Tales, calculat- 
ed^ both as Reading Lessons, and as 
Subjects for NasrraHon: 2. Skeletons 



tf those*7hleSy unih leadmg Questions 
and Hmts, to guide and assist theju' 
vemie H^riier tM re^eo mpos i ng th»m: 
3. Poetic ReeiMng made eeuy, by meeau 
of Metrical Notes to each Line: 4. 
An Appendix qf Seket Prose, By 
JubnCsaej^LL.D.Sfe, 18aia.jvp.368. 
Law and Whittaker. 

DR. CAREY hasbeen so long known 
as an Instructor of Youth, aim as the 
Authoif of many useful Grammatical 
Publications, thathe may promise him- 
self a welcome reception for the pre- 
sent Work. 

Hb ideas on the subject are these i 

" The faculty of expressing our 
thoughts in writing is so obvious^ use- 
ful in almost every sphere of life— and, 
la aumy situations, so indispensably ne- 
cessary—that too great or too early at- 
tention cannot be paid to its a|!quisitiOD. 
Hence the practice of l^heme-^orOingf 
which has so long prevailed in our 
schools; a practice undoubtedly land- 
able and beneficial, provided that the 
task be not prematurely imposed on the 
pupil, at an age when he is incapable of 
executing it himself, and consequently 
obliged to solicit the aid of a senier 
sch<x>l-mate, whose composition he then 
exhibits as his own production— ^t once 
deceiving his teacher, and frustrating the 
views of those friends who take an in- 
terest in bis improvement.— But these 
very serious evils may easily be obviated, 
by avoiding to impose on the junior stu- 
dent a burden disproportioned to his 
strength ; by first exercising him in the 
composition of plain and easy narratives 
of simple facts, such as might be sup- 
posed to lie within the scope of his own 
observation and intellect— K>f familiar 
transactions, calculated to impress his 
mind with clear and distinct ideas, and 
to call forth remarks more or less ap- 
propriate and judicious, according to the 
measure of his abilities.— Thus he will 
gradually acquire the desired faculty of 
expressing his conceptions in correct 
grammatical language, and in a regular 
connected form ; with the additional ac- 
quisition of new ideas generated by stu- 
dious reflexion, and of a more copious 
choice of words, to give them advanta- 
geous utterance, whether with the voice 
or with the pen." 

The ** Tales" are numerous, and 
judiciously selected. 

16. Osman, a Turkish Tale, Svo. 
pp, 34. Hamilton. 

WE shall begin with the Introduc- 
tory Stanza, as afifording a fair speci- 
men of the Author*s poetical talents t 

" 'Tis 



*70 Proceedings in the late Session of Parliajnent, [Jttlyt 



Mr. S, Worthy thought it too precipi- 
tate to introduce a bill before the Report 
of tbe Committee was in the bands of all 
the Members ; nor could he consent to 'ar- 
raign tbe respectable body of Magistrates 
all over the country, on account of the 
error of a few in and about the metropolis. 

Serjeant Onslow, Mr, H. Sumner, and 
Mr. S, Lefevre, supported tbe motion, ob- 
serving, that the inquiries of the Commit- 
tee bad not been confined to the metropolis. 

Mr. Benrtet said, the Magistrates in the 
country had tbe publicans as much under 
■their controul as those of the metropolis; 
and, for electioneering and other purposes, 
were as liable to abuse their power. The 



Mr. F^, Smith presented a petition from 
T. Kmbley, fhrmer, at Waltbam Abbey, 
stating that, six* weeiLS ago, the wbbtt of 
his property had been seized, and himsetf 
committed to jail, under an Extent in aid, 
obtained by Mr. Bignold, a banker,, at Nor- 
wich. By the process adopted,' be could 
not procure bis release as an insolvent 
debtor or as a bankrupt ; he was 60 ^ears 
of age; had been afflicted since bis coiifine» 
meiii with a paralytic stroke, and had been 
compelled to depend for sustenance on the 
charity of his neighbours ; the creditor* 
under this species of execution, not being 
obliged to contribute to bis support: and 
bQ now prayed for such relief, under bb 



motion was then agreed to, and soon after aggravated sufferings, as the House in its 



the Bill was brought in, and read tbe first 
•time. 

The Speaker then read the following let- 
ter from Lord C -Icbester, which was order- 
ed to be entered on the Journals : 

** London, June 6, IS\1, 

** Sir, I have the honour lo acknowledge 
your letter of this day, communicating to 



wisdom might think proper to aflbrd 
him. 

After a general conversation, in which 
it was admitted on all sides that a more 
efficient remedy was requisite than the 
Bill now io progress as to Extents in aid, 
the petition was ordered to be printed. 

In a Committee on the Tithe Leaving 



me a resolution of the House of Commons, Bill, after a longdiscussiun, ten years was 



by which the House is pleased to express 
its thanks to me for my services as their 
^penker, during the period in which I have 
been called upon to fill that high office. 
And having devoted the best years of my 
health and strength to tbe service of the 
House of Commons, with the consciousness 
that during that long period I have never 
leased to excit my utmost endeavours to 
execute the various duties of the station 
which 1 held by their favour, however in- 
adequately those duties may have been 
performed, I beg you will assure the 
ilonse of the deep and lasting gratitude 
with which I now receive this distinguished 



adopted as the period of leases in England 
and Wales, and 14 in Ireland. 



June 9. 

The House having gone into a Commit. 
tee on the subject of a pens. on to tbe laie 
Speaker, the Chancellor of the Exchequer 
proposed 4000/. a year with a reversion of 
3000/. a year to the next heir to the title 
of Lord Colchester. 

Mr. H. Sumner nioved to make the pen- 
sion 6000/ ; but subsequently withdrew the 
amendment. 

An amendment by Mr. Lambion, for re- 



ducing the pension to 3000/. was negatived 

testimony of its approbation. I request by 126 to 42; and tbe sum of' 4000/. wat 

also that you, Sir, «ill be pleased to accept carried, 

my best thanks for the expressions of A proposition, by Mr. S/rinner, to extend 

kindness with which you have conveyed tbe grant for two lives- on the demise of 

to me this communication. — I have the Lord Colchester, was negatived; and the 

honour to be. Sir, your most faithful and 'original motion was agreed to. 

most obedient servant, Colchbster.*' Col. H^ood moved tbe second reading <^ 

** To the Right Hon. the Speaker of the the Bill legalizing the sate of 6aiiv». 



House of Commons, &c.'' 

Lord Castlereagh stated at the bar the 
answer of the Prince Regent to the Address 
respecting the late Speaker, which recom- 
mended to the House to enable bis Royal 
ilighness to bestow an adequate provision. 

On the motion of Mr. VansHtart, it was 
ordered that tbe answer be taken into con- 
sideration on Monday next. 

Lord Castlereagh, in reply to some ob- 
servations by Mr. Ponsonby as to the 
alarming scarcity of provisions in Ireland, 
said the duties on rice had already been 
taken off, and measures adopted for sup- 
plying Ireland with large quantities of 
seed corn, for the double purpose of 
guarding against a recurrence of scarcity, 
and economizing the present stock of grain. 



Lord Deer hurst opposed the Bill anii 
pooved that it be read a second time tbit 
day six months, which, after some discus- 
sion, was carried. 

In a Committee of Supply sums were 
voted for the Ordnance Department, f«r 
Retired Officers, aud for thje Colonies and 
Settlements of Nova Scotia, New Sonth 
Wales, Newfoundland, Sierra Leone, &c. 

On the vote relative to the Vaccine 
Establishments, Mr. S L^evre and Mr. 
Curwen suggested that further inquiry 
should be made as to the efficacy of vac- 
cination. 

Mr. /^ Lewis, Lord Castlereagh, Mr, 
Wilberforce, and Mr. Rose, expressed their 
conviction that a perseverance in Tacci- 
oation would in this, as it already had done 

in 



1817.] Proceedings in the laie Session ^ P^Uament, 71 



io looM oilier c^dntrMt, oompkidy extir^ 
pate tbe Souill-pox. ' 

HouiB OP LouM, •/ime 10. 

Tbt Sari of JLherpo^ ola moviog Ibe. 
Msd roAdiocf of tl»e Exchequer Billt* 
B te e «oi| mary Grant Bill* explained iU 
difinreiit i^rovwioDS. 

Lord LoMderdaie coiuiclered the measure 
m leadjof to produce moch uiiioDxte evilp 
for. the sake of effiBCtiog a^ veiy Jiaked 
tcflsporaij food. He repeated most of 
tlie objections which were urged by the 
oppioneots of the Bill in the other Hoose. 
ii was then passed. 

In the Commons, the sane day. General 
T%ormiQ» obtained leave to birinf in a Bill 
to abolish the pabtic whipping of female 
colprits. 

On the motion of Mr. J. Snvih, a Select 
Committee was appointed to inquire into 
the itato'of the Baokrupt Laws. 

Mr. Ebukmon moved for a copy of an 
agreement entered into betwee% the Crown 
aii(l a Noble Doke fur pnrcbasiag for 
4U,00Oil payable by instalments in ibar 
|ean» the lay rectory of Mary-le*bone,. 
with the iriew-of dividing that parish into 
several parishes, - He also moved tor a 
eopy of an agreement for the purchase of 
the forest of Dean ot Lord Gage fof: 
156.0002^ Both motions were agHed to« 

On tbe motion of Mr. 0^. SnuUh a. Com- 
mittee was appointed to inquire into the 
abuses of Extents in aid. 

On tbe Report of tbe Civil OiBces Com- 
pensation Bill, Mr. Calcrqfi proposed seve- 
ral amendments, which were negatived; 
sod the question for agreeing to tbe Re- 
port was carried in the affiimative, by 15 
to 24. 

Oa the Report of the resolutions for giv- 
ing a pension of 4000/. &c. to the late 
Speaker, an amendment was proposed, lo 
substitote 3000/. for 4000/.; but it was 
segatived,. and a Bill was ordered to be 
brought in pursuant to tbe resolution. 

Jifne 11. 
Lord Folkestone moved for A return of 
the names^ numbers, professions,. ages» 
and times and places of commitment, of 
those who had been arrested under the 
operations of tbe Act for suspending tbe 
Habeas Corpus. 

Mr. jy. Jddiugton could not consent to 
publish tbe. names of the parties ; to the 
rest of the motion be had no objection. 

Sir F, Burdett, said a rf torn, with tbe 
names of the parties in confinement, bad 
been made in 1797. 

Mr. Cajsamg} mpyed an amendment^ 
Mnitting the napaes, 

yit.Saiburtt supported tbe amendment| 
sad Mr. Ponspnby^ Sir W.. Burrov^h, and 
Urd FfdkeUifU^ op^ios^ it. 



Ob a division, the anieadfiirnt was nm- 
ried by 104to^. 

In nnswar to a question Imi Mr. .ftn. 
ttmb^ relative to the exportation of com to-^ 
France, Mr. RoHnton said, tho grantest 
part of what' had been expofted was io^- 
reign grain warehoused here. Mioisteie' 
had no power to prevent snch napoctation; 
nor, if they had, would it be wise to do ft>, 
as it would prevent supplies of isreign 
corn from beii^ neat here, if they were ti» 
be locked up in this country. 

Lord Cotiierei^, in addition to similar 
obaervBtions,. said the distress 4a Franea 
would soon be over, fsam the commeaeo* 
meat of tha rjr e-harvest. 

House of Ijoaas, Jfune If. 

Lord Hotimtd pneseoted a peutiad from 
the freeholders of Berkshire against tbe 
further suspension of the Habeas Corpus. 

Tbe £arl of Harrmtby brnusrht up the 
Report of the Secret Committee, which 
has already been printed in Part L p. 5M« ■ 

■ ■ . 

In the Commons, the Janm day^ on the 
motion of Mr. Eir^t a return was ordered 
of the mode of election adopted by the 
elder Brethren of the Trinity House in 
distributing the eharitable funds of tbat= 
society. I 

Lofd Colchester^ A«nuity Bill waa 
read a seeoad time, after some abieetions 
by Sir Af. W. Ridley and Mr. Bmsonif 
to tbe provisioa by which, should hb Lord— - 
ship aocept an office with a salary equal' 
to CNT greater than his pension, he may still 
enjoy half the pension. 

HousB OP Lords, f/une 14. 
Viscount Sidmouth, — <* The Report of 
the Secret Committee being now ou yoor 
Lordships' table, 1 present to your Lord- 
ships a Bill for the continuation of tbe 
measure called the Suspension of the Ha- 
beas Corpus Act ; and in presenting this 
Bill 1 beg leave to assure your Lordships, 
that I do it under the fullest and deepest 
conviction of tbe urgent necessity that it 
should pass into a Law. The ground on 
which that opinion rests 1 shall state to 
your Lordships on Monday next, when I' 
propose, with your Lordships' permission, 
to move the second reading of the Bili."- 
His Lordship then laid the Bill on the table. 
Earl Grey,"^" Following the exampltf 
of the Noble Secretary who has presented 
this Bill, I shall reserve till Monday next 
the statement of tbe reasons why 1 am of 
a directly contrary . opinion : but, my 
Lords, I cannot suffer this occasion to pasx 
without declaring, that from all I have 
beard, and ail I have seen, I entertain the 
strongest conviction that there is up neces- 
sity for this measure ; and that if any 
danger does threaten the country at this 
moment — itnd 1 do not mean to deny that 

danger 



72 Proceedings in the late Session of Parliament [July, 



danger does exitt — that danger arises 
from this measure, anJ the course of pro- 
ceedings pursued by Miiiislers of the 
Crown i which, instead of being a remedy 
for the evili of our present situation, are, 
\n reality, a high ag.i;ravation of all the 
dangers to which the Country is exposed." 
The Bill was then read the first time. 

In the Commons, the same day, Mr. 
Peel took the oaths and his seat for the 
University of Oxford. 

On the order of the day being read for 
going into a Committee on the Irish Insur- 
rection-Act Continuance Bill being read, 
ttie question for the Speaker's leaving the 
chair was opposed by Sir H. Parneli, Sir 
S. RomiUy, Sir ff^, -Burroughs, and Gene- 
ral Matkew. The latter drew a most af- 
fecting picture of the wretched state of 
Ireland; and said it never could be tran- 
quillized by a system which deprived 
Irishmen of the benefits of the Constitu- 
tion, and made a man liable to be carried 
off, witliout a moment's warning, by a set 
(»f fellows well known in Ireland (he 
neaot no disrespect to the Right Hon. 
Gentleman) by the wvltm oi Peelers ; and 
then to be hurried before a set of intoler- 
ant bigoted Oiange Atagistrates ; thence 
to be thrust into prison, where he would 
be half starved, and would linger till the 
Government should please to transport 
him to Botany Bay : and all this for no 
other offence, probably, than for walking 
an hundred yards from his own bou«e, 
perhaps in bis own garden, and for stop- 
ping an hour or two longer than usual to 
sup with a neighbouring friend. 

The motion was supported by Mr. V, 
Fitzgerald, Mr. Peel, Mr. Blake, Sir F. 
Flood, Mr. Croker, &Jr. Knox, and Sir*/. 
NeuporL 

. The latter conceived the measure to be 
indispensable in the present unfortunate 
ttate of Ireland ; but permanent tran- 
quillity could only be obtained by the 
giving the people of that Country ao equa- 
lity of political rights. 

. The House then j^ent into a Committee. 

. Sir ff^, Bunoughs moved that the Bill 
should be in force only until six weeks 
after the commencement of the next Ses- 
sion of Parliament. 

Sir •/. Newport seconded the amend- 
ment, wbich was negatived without a divi- 
sion ', and the Bi.l was gone through. 

HousB OP Lords, ^/une 16. 

Viscount Sidmouth moved the second 
reading of the Bill for the further con inu- 
ance of .the Habeas Corpus Suspension 
Act, grounding bis arguments in support 
of the jneasure on the Report of their 
Lordships' Secret Committee. 

Lords Ertk'me, Qrosvenor, and King, 
argued against the measure ; and tbe 



Duke of Montrose and Lord Redetdale de- 
fended it. 

Earl Grey considered the Report to be 
founded chi< fly on the false or grossly ex- 
aggerated statements of 9pie8 and infonH- 
er«. In Glasgow there was a well- founded 
suspicion, that it was by persona of ibif 
infamous description the unlawful 'oatiil 
had been administered. The spies and 
informers who swore against the Key. Niel 
Douglas had been proved to 'have per- 
jured themselves. Was not the pretended - 
delegate who cnrried on the comrannica- 
tion het«-ecn Glarg^w and Sheffield in oor- 
respundence with Government ? 'Castle«' 
who had endeavoured to entrap the per- 
sons now on trial for treason, combined ia 
his character every thing that was bate 
and detestable; and it appeared, fr- HI a 
Leeds Paper, that the chief instigator of 
the late rising in the Midland Counties waf 
one Oliver, who was in the pay of XSovem- 
ment, and whose name ought to be record- 
ed as the foulest of traitors, and the most 
atrocious of criminals: a person setting 
at defiance the Laws of God and man, 
and converting the death and devtructioA 
of his fellow-creatures to bis own emolo- 
ment. 

Earl Uoerpool contended that, putting 
entirely out of question th^ information of 
the description of persons alluded to, there 
were sufficient grounds for the measoro 
now proposed. An organized plan for 
insurrection pervaded seven or eight coaa*' 
ties, and numbers had armed tbemselveg 
with pikes or muskets. Spies had beea. 
employed by all Governments, as a neces- 
sary evil. Castle, however, he could as- 
sert, had not been employed by Govern- 
ment; but, being implicated, expressed 
his willingness to turn King's evidence. 
He had no hesitation in saying that Oliver 
was a spy, and durinj^ the last three or 
four months he had rendered the most es- 
sential services to Government This wM 
the first time he had heard of his eondect- 
ing himself in the way so justly repro- 
ba^d, and which was in direct opposition 
to his instructions* He concluded with 
calling upon their Lordships by their love 
of the laws, by their love of tranqnillltyy 
by their love of liberty, to check, before it 
became too late, that dreadful spirit of 
disaffection and disorganization which he 
verily, and in his conscience, believed was 
far more destructive to the Const'itotlon, 
than such temporary suspensions of it at 
he now felt it his duty to propose. 

In the sequel of the discmsiun, the Bill 
was supported by Lord GremiUe, and op* 
posed by the Duke of Susses, the Marqiile 
of JLansdowne, and Earl Spencer, 

On a division, the question for the second 
reading was carried in the aArmetive, by 
190 to 50, proxies indnded; and the Bill 
was then read a second time. 

ABSTRACT 



[ « ] 



ABSTRACT OF FOREIGN OCCURRENCES. 



FRANCE. 

Tbe Duch«s9 de Berry was delivered on 
the ]3Ui iiist. of a daughter : the young 
PriaceM, by order ofthe King, was named 
Louise - Isahelle d'Artoin, Mademoiselle, 
SpoQ^ors were named, aod a magnificent 
ehristeniog was to have taken place ; but 
Ike preparations w(>re very soon interrupt- 
t4 by the death of tne Royal infant, which 
took place ibe next evening. Tne Duchess 
de Bf-rri is, in the mean time, in a fair 
v»y to do well. The body of the infant 
Princess was interred at St. Denis on the 
I6ih itttstaot. 

Tbe Constitulionel newspaper has been 
tuppretsed. 
' Tbe Dae D'Orleans has instituted a suit 
against the present proprietor of the 
Tbeatre Fran9ais ; the object of which is, 
to re-open the sale of that property, 
wroogfuliy effected, as his Serene High- 
Mss alleges, in the year 1793, by per- 
soM who assumed an authority from his 
father for that purpose. His Highness, in 
lii« dtatioo, declares, that it is not his 
intention to call in question the val dity 
of the sale of the national douiainti by 
tbose who, by the Charter and the Law of 
JOc^. 5. 1814, were declared to possess 
Ibe rigbt t6 sell them. 

Tbe interest of the National Debt of 
Fraace, iucludiogannniiies, peusiiwts, and 
Sinkins: Fund, amounts to 7,(500,000/. 
sterling ; its ordinary expenditure lo 
16.500.000/.; total, 24,10i),000/. Ti.is is 
exclusive of the maintenance of Allied 
troops till 1820. — The revenue of France 
is estimated at 32 million^. 

A leitef from the Duke de Richelieu to 
the Metropolitan chapter of Toulouse 
stales, that it is proposed by the Govern» 
ment, in conformity with the arrangement 
with tbe Pope, to restore the aotient Me- 
tropolitan Sees, aod re-establish also some 
ofthe antieot Bishoprics.. 

Letters from Calais, of the 2 1st uit. an- 
nounce the arrival of a Russian squadron 
io that port, consisting of eight 74 gun- 
ships, a 44 gun frigate, and a brig of I& 
guns. Yhis squadron is to convey the 
lixib part of the Russian Contingent back 
to their native land. 

The Captain of a Greek vessel, and his 
rrew, astonished ihe inhabitants of Mar- 
seiies a 'few days since, by carrying the 
cargo of tbeir smalivessel, consisting of 
rice, to the market-place, and distributing 
It gratis to the poor. It may easily be 
supposed that tbeir customers increased 
hourly, when the circumbtunne was made 
known ; and several other cargoes might 
have beeu speedily disposed of on tbe 
lame terms. This act of charity and mu- 
niBcenoe on the part of these humble, but 

(jkst. Mac. Juli/, 18lT. 



worthy individuals, while it does theW 
great honour, exhibits in a striking mati- 
ner the influence of tbe Christian Reli- 
gion. Tha'>e poor men were caught in a 
dreadful storm in the Miediterranean ; and 
having betaken themselves to prayers, 
according to the forms of the Creek 
Church, they made a vow to give tbeir 
cargo to the poor, if Providence should 
be pleased to spare tbeir vessel and their 
lives, for the iake of their wives and fa- 
milies. The storm abated, and they 
gauied Marheiiies in safety, where they 
rigidly performed their vow. Our Readers' 
will observe, that the Captain and crew of 
the Greek vessel are -^11 joint owners, io 
certain proportions, of ship and cargo. 

1'he French papers mention that Mar- 
shal Gouvion St. Cyr has been made Mi- 
nister of the Marine aod Colonies, vice 
JJubouchage : this appointment was 
thought likely to accelerate the removal of 
the Duke de Feltre from the head of the 
army : both Dubouchage and de Feltre 
are of what may be considered tbe Ultra 
Royalist party. 

Handon, and two of his most guilty ac- 
complices at Boordeaux, suffered death 
on the 5th inst. 

Twenty-one persons implicated in the 
late disturbances in the neighbourhood of 
Lyons were tried before the Prevotal 
Court there on the 30th ult. Three were" 
condemned to death, and executed ; seven 
to deportation, two to hard labour for five 
years, and nine were acquitted. The 
disturbances prove to have been of a far 
more serious character than has hitherto 
been represented. The tri-coloured flag, 
it is said, was hoisted in no less than thirty 
communes; and the object is distinctly 
staled to have been, the overthro.v of the 
reigning dynasty. 

Captain Oudin, and a person named 
Dnmont, were condemned to death oh the 
17ih, by the F*revotal Court of Lyons, and 
executed the following day. 

An article from Commercy states, that 
a daring robbery was coitimitted on the 
25th ult by a banditti, near La Carriere, 
upon Lord Cianwilliam and Captain Gor- 
don, who were travelling from Vienna to 
Loudon on diplomatic business. They 
wt-re robbed of their money, wearing- 
appar^J, jewels, and fire-arms, together 
with all their paper«. 

The Duke of Wellington had a long 
audience of the French King on the 20th 
Inst. ; and it is again reported, that a fur- 
ther diniinution'of the Allied armies in 
France is to take p'ace. 

In France we find the roads are much 
infested with robbers. One band is said 
to be organized, in the vicinity of Abbe- 
ville, 



10 



74 



Abstract of Foriign Occurrences. 



[July, 



Tille, for tbe purpose of attacking the 
carriages antd diiigeoces on the great road 
leading from Abbeville to Montteuil. This 
road consiltiites the chief cominunicat ion 
between England and France. A diligence 
has also been robbed between Montpelier 
and Kismes. The passengers, besides 
being robbed of iheir moocy and valuables, 
lost tb6 whole of thtir trunks. These cir- 
cuoibtances we fe< I it necessary to men- 
tion, becatise we think the unfor'unate 
natives of this countrv, ^ho are seized 
with the mania of travelling m prance, 
ale the peculiar and marked victims of 
these depredations; and.it is even sus- 
pected, that the Guards and Coachmen 
are in league with the robbers 

SPAIN AND PORTUGAL. 

The S|)nni<th* General Lacy, with four 
officers of rank, b'n associates, were con- 
demned to death, on the 27th ul'. bj a 
court>martial at Barcelona. The same 
sentence w«^ passed upon Milans, and 
many of his acrcomplice^, par contumace. 
The proceedings an<i sentence «ere trans- 
mitted for the King's approbation; and 
Lacy has since been sent off to Majorca.' 

It appears, that the proposition of the 
new Spanish financier is, lo cut down the 
Archbishops, Hi«hops, &c. throughout the 
kingdom, to one-half of their former re- 
venues ; as al^cto lay a tax of eight per 
cent, upon all churoh incomes which shall 
exceed the »um of 12,000 fr. or 500/. per 
annum. 

By letters from Lisbon, founded on in- 
formution conveyed through the Novo Pa- 
queie, and Anna Maria, the latter of 
which vesk^eU brought dispatches to the 
Goveiumeiit Irum Pernambuco, and ar- 
rivcfl at Lisbon on the 30th of June, we 
ioliect the following particulars: — Oo the 
]9th of May, Martins, the rebel chief, 
i:ave battle to the Royal forces froiu Ba- 
Ha, at seven leagues distance from Per- 
nanibuco. The action is said to have 
continued all day ; but ou the 20ih the 
insurgents were beaten ; and Martins, 
with some of his principal officers and 
about 300 soldiers, betook himsflf to 
flight. During these operations the 
blockading squadron entered the harbour 
uf Pernambuco ; and the sailots, oo land- 
ing, Here joined by tlie people. They 
attacked the Gove<umeut Houiie together, 
killed a priest, and the brother of Don 
rjartins ; seized immediately ou the foils 
of the pace, nod hoisted every wiu:re the 
Portuguese <'o!our'. A proclamation was 
then issued, offering a rewanl for the 
leader of the in^uigen's, whose discom- 
liture was mainly axci ib^d to the promp. 
liluHe and judgment of the Conde dos 
.\rc04, (fovt-nor of Bahia. One account 
ftate«, that Martins h td offered to capitu- 
late for the town with the officer of the 
blockR^Hng squadron ; and that, itnni« - 



d lately on his proposal beiqg reacted, be 
made preparations for flight with aa mucb 
of the public treaaare as he could lay bold 
of. These events are considered a deatb- 
blow to the Pernambuco insurrection. 

The restoration of the Royal power ia 
Peinambuco has been formally annouiiMd 
in the Official Gazette of Lisbon. . 

ITALY. 

The Princess of Wales, after haviag 
once more visited the greatest part of 
Italy, has arrived at Rome, where, it ia 
rumoured, her Royal Highness will take 
up her abode permanently. The Palace 
Frescati is said to have been purdiased bf 
her Royal Highness for her residence. 

1'he Princess of Wales is said to bave 
had a long conference at Rome witb tbe 
Pope. 

GERMANY. 

The Emperor and Emprefsof Austria 
made a public entry into Olmutz, on. tbe 
24th ult. ; on the 27ih they proceeded oo 
their journey to Lemberg, in Gallicia.— 
The King of Prussia arrived at Carisbail 
the 1st instant. 

Austria, in order to remove all fear witb 
respect to the son of the Arcbdocbesa 
Maria Louisa and Buonaparte, baa, it is 
said, agreed that the Duchies of ParoMi 
(juastalla, and P>acentia, shall, after tbe 
death of his mother, go into the Spaojab 
house of Btturbon, instead of descending 
to him. England is believed to befv 
caused this arrangement. 

(seneral Savary, having landed el 
Trieste, was seized by the Austrian autbo- 
rities, and from thence sent as a state 
prisoner to one of the castles in Hungary. 
It is said, that a number of Buouaparte?a 
offic<rrs have found their way to; tbe Per- 
sian Court, and entered tbe service of tbf 
King of Persia. 

A repot t drawn up by a commission ep» 
pointed by the Diet of Fiankfort, to in^ 
quire into the me.ius of stopping Ibede* 
pi^edations of iheBarbary pirates, leoooi* 
mends, that the great Powers of Autlrie 
and Prussia should intercede witb Bog- 
land, to establish it as a principle, tbet 
when the Baibary pirates appear beyoud 
the Mediterranean, they should be pur- 
sued and treated as such. 

It is affirmed by the German papers, in 
an article dated France, that the Puitu- 
guese Government have dinclaimed to tbe 
inediaiing powers the least intention of 
keepiug p.issessiou of any. part of Spanish 
ISuuih America, beyond the moment wbeu 
Spain shall have re-established her autho- 
rity iu the provinces on the Rio de la Plata. 

RUsjilA. 

The Emperor of UnSNia has issued an 
ukase for e^tabli3hing a Commercial Bauk 
at Petersbufgh, on piincipleS somewhat 
lesembiiug those on which the charter of 
the Bank of Enj and is fioundeil. 

The 



i&nj 



Abstract of Foreign -OccHrrenim. 



ft 



the greatest part of tai t winter, nnd boktr*! 
bread one-fourth dearer than in JLoisdoii«; 
Provisions were never known to be fik dear^ 
as they have been the last season^ Vfn- 
hkve soareely had any good beef; and^ 
bad as it has been, the average prices was 
lOd. per lb. sterling ; and mutttvo h4lff m 
dollar, or 2». Sd. ;' which, whea 1 wa^ ^ 
Birmingham, was only td. p^^r lb. ' i^nt 
in this country they never *;j6mp\a.i^^ far 
fear the world should not tbiiilt they f re 
happier than in any otlier.T*l;4any ife- 
chanics have lately come ov<;r from £*g- 
Hnd ; • and numbers of l^^irn are iii a 
lor» and the nation he represents, wretched state, as they 'c«nuot get eai- 

l»ti»4th:of June. Perceiving his Lord- ployment. t think your frovetmnen't ongj^t 

ibip oa'tbo parade of St. ■ Petersburg, -^ - - 
io bis onters, he inquired the 
i; sunt, finding* it was the birth-day 



The Boperor being appKed to lately by 
a Ultfwiy- FrmichaBaB, to purchase some 
aapwblialied letters of VoHaire, refused 
fkt oflbr, dtoetai4ng his dislike to the prin- 
dpleaoriluitsrriter. 

hapfMsss, that th^ Emperor, since his 
tftam ffom England, is introducing into 
lis cwpHal foot^pavement <|f flag-stones, 
as iw all onr large towns ; hot the Em- 
psmr IMS improved' upon us, by sepa- 
wtiaf dw fiiot pavement from the carriage 
mf. kf an iro» railing. 
' Tht Eaiperor Alexander paid a distin- 
coasptiment to Lord Cathcart, our 




of bis Sovereign, his Imperial Majesty 
Sfdend a feu de jme to be fired, invited 
Uawdf to a ball given at night by his 
liwdifaipi, and appeared there dressed in 
Ike Rngliob Order of the Garter. 

The Prineei>8 Charlotte of Prwji^ia has' 
kirirad at St. Petersburg, aad" was to be 
to the Grand Duke Nicholas oi^ 



AMERICA. 

A sdeiely tias been formed in the United 
ftelc^ fiorthe encouragement of AmerU 
«ia ttami&otnreB, which already reckons 
sHMBgat its members the leading intVivi. 
dials ia the nation. Messrs. Jefl^erson, 
AdaoM, Madi«on, &nd, recently, Mr. 
Munioe himself, the President^ have eu- 
tftred their names on the l^t of this so- 
ciety ; the object of whicK'jg, to make the 
Doited SUtes independ'<;Qt of foreign coun- 
tries for the comfuri\ and enjoyments that 
ootof manuiactuiiog industry. 

The number of French Emigrants who 



to put a stop to emif;;ration i oc lake woam 
means to inform the peo))le of the tjcut 
stare of this cnuit.cry, wbioh at this tiro« 
18 moce overstocked with mamifactui^rf 
thaii Great !iritain." 

A very ^ne American ship, tba Caatoo 
packet, has been destroyed by an explo- 
8ioi\ of gunpowder, at Boston., The ship 
^Jkii cargo, with the exception of the dol- 
lars on board, were totally destroyed. 
The explosion was supposed to be tb^ dia- 
bolical act of a black roan, who was.re* 
fused permission to go on shore ; he mut- 
lered something abpu( revenge, went be« 
low, and bl^w up the powder-magazioe by 
means of a pistol, as was, supposed. Uis 
was blowu to atoms himsfslf. 

American Stsav Boat. 
Philadelphia, June 4, — On Saturday 
mortiiug ia»t, about seven o'clpck, two 
miles above Point Coussee, th^^ boiler of 
the steain-buat Constitution burst, and 
destroyed all the most respectable pas> 
sengeis. amouuttng to eleven : althoHgh 
on the morning ol the same day, at four 
o'clock, bat five of those unfortunate gen- 



lava reacheci the United States, amount tlemen bad actually expireU. there could 
Is S0,000. 

la ibe New York and Boston papers a 
fcrc«sing picture is given of the miser- 
able wretches who have been induced to 
€tugrate to America from Holland and Ger- 
teoy; and some severe but just remarks 
are made on the conduct of the Captains 
of Uia vessels conveying them, who are 
Ityifed the kidnappers of the foreigneis; 
the latter are generally ignorant of the 
hamiliating fact, that they are to be made 
skoet for years for the payment of their 
passage. 
The following letter was lately received 

by a merchant of Birmingham : — 

"JBustoa,JuneQ,m'i. 
"DiAS Sia-^I am sorry to hear the 

distriess yon have in England ; but I jdo 

assure you, though I know the people in 

your country will not believe it, that 

ahnost every kind of provision has been a 

tkird part dearer in al I the sea -port towns 

is America than in L(Midon, except flour, 

•ad that has been fifteen dollars tbo barrel 



not exi>t a hope that any one of the el«vea 
could survive ; bfiug completely scalded 
and skinned from head to foot« the nerves 
coniracteiJ, anil the extremities destroyed. 

Newfoundland papers to the llthult, 
announce the arrival ol large supplies of 
provisions from IJaiifax and from Ireland^ 
so that the distress of the. inhabitants, so 
feelingly dei^cribed lately in Parliament, 
has, wetiust, been greatly miiigated, or 
wholly relieved. 

AFRICA. 

A letter from Sierra Leone, datf>d May 
1% says, '* Inielligei.t-e of an unpleasant 
nature has been received frum Capiaia 
Campbell, commanding the expeditiou in 
the interior : he has been stopptd some 
time past, about 200 miles up the river 
Rio Noonez, by tbe natives, in conse- 
quence of the country he wishes lo pass 
through being at war with those he is now 
with: he has lost nearly all his cattle^ 
and a great number of men, and is afraid 
to retuin, as it is now alonost imposbible 

for 



76 



Abstract of Foreign Occurrences. 



[July, 



for bifii to reach any place of theiter be- 
fore Uie ra'my season sets in. It is feared, 
alio, that ail communication between Capt. 
C* and Sierra Leone is cut off by the fol- 
lowing circumstance : — Col. M*Karthy, 
Governor of Sierra Leone, bad received 
Inteiligepce of two Tessels/ supposed Amo* 
ricatis under Spanish colours, taking in 
elapres np'the Rio N«onez, at the town, 
"wbose Chief has always been considered as 
a staunch friend of the English and the 
Abolition, and the very man by whose 
iD^ans all correspondence between us and 
tht expedition has hitherto been kept up. 
Ke is a powerful Chief, and a well-informed 
^nvin, having been-educated in England, 
and, it may be 89id, always in English 
pay ; that is, receiving valuable presents 
.from time to time from the Governor. The 
Colonial brig was sent to ascertain whether 
the intelligence was true : on her arrival, 
iinding it was, a message was sent to this 
Chief, requesting his assistance, if neces- 
sary, in capturing the vessels (a brig and 
schooner, well mauued and armed), who 
apparently seemed determined to make 
a desperate resistance ; when he not only 
refused, but sent word^ that, if attacked, 
lie would protect them with the utmost of 
his power. Notwithstanding, they were 
attacked the same evening, and carried in 
the most gallant manner. On gaining 
possession, the vessels lying nearly along- 
side the bank of the river, the commander 
of the Colonial brig, finding himself com- 
pletely exposed to the natives, who as- 
sailed him on all sides with musquetry, 
arrows, &c. was obliged, iu his own de- 
fence, to turn the guns of the vessels upon 
them ; the consequence was, that in the 
morning the banks of the river were co- 
vered with dead. The vesi:els have since 
arrived at Sierra Leone. This unfortunate 
occurrence taking place be'fore the expe- 
dition was out of his territories, the Chief, 
it is feared, will avenge himself on the 
expedition.*' 

ASIA. 
The Prince BIncher, recently arrived 
from Calcutta, whence she hailed on the 
lit of March wiih the 78th regiment un 
board, which had served iu India twenty- 
two years, called off St. Helena — spokt^ 
the Leveret, Captain Theed, but was not 
allowed to anchor. Buonaparte was living, 
and the islaitd in perfect health and tran- 
quillity. India, at the time of her de- 
parture, was in a tranquil state ; the Pin- 
darees had returned to the mountains, 
without having succeeded in collecting 
much booty by their incursion ; the chas- 
tisement tiH>y had met with from the Ma- 
dras cavalry (who killed 800 of them in 
one d.iy's pmsuit) deterred them for the 
present from further predatory warfare. 
The 84th regiment was marching for Cal- 
cutta, to embark for England ', and dis- 



patches had been sent to Bonbay and 
Madras, to embark Uie 80th and 86th re- 
giments for England. 

The failure of tbe late Embasty to- 
China was, as has been staled, owing to" 
impositions practised bytbe CbiaeseOffi- 
cers of State on tbe Emperor* The laot it 
so stated in an Imperial Edict pubHtbed 
in the Pekin Gazette. . 

PARTICULARS OP THE LOSS Of THB ALCBSTB.. 

His Majesty's ship Alcaste, Capt. Max- 
well, struck t}pon a. rock in the Straits of 
Caspar, near Sunda, about tbe end of 
February, and imnnediately went down ; 
scarcely allowing time to save tbe British 
embassy, the officers, and crew: no livea, 
however, were lost ; although the presents, 
and evary other article on board, went to 
the bottom with the vessel. StMBo bopas 
are, however, held out, of r e cover i nfi the 
greater part of the baggage and other 
things. Lord Amherst, his son, and Sa- 
cretary, had reached Batavia in one of tbe 
Alceste's boats. 

Admiral Malcolm, at St. Helena, bs» 
transmitted the following . inforaiadoiir- 
which was received from an Ameriean iii' 
the Straits of Sunda, and from tbe Master 
Attendant at Anjier : — 

*' His Majesty's ship Alceste was lostoo 
a rock off the north end of Middle Island^' 
in '.he Straiu of Caspar, on or about the 
1 7th of February. She was last fam .Ma- 
nilla ; struck about seven o'.etook m tb» 
morning. They landed on Mi«kUe Isbuid t 
no lives lost. Lord Amherst went -tai Ba- 
tavia with three of the ship's beais^-aad: 
about forty men. Tbe Temate, ofie ^ 
the Honourable Company's cruisarr,..if|».> 
mediately sailed for the wreck, anAlfbmifi 
them (Captain Maxwell^ and abont ^sii| 
people, who were on Middle Island) siir-« 
ronnded by about seven or eifbt bandfeit. 
Malays, expecting an attack fraSB tiMQ^ 
eyery moment. They all left tbe. wreck, 
and went to Batavia in the Temate. The. 
Csesar, of London, Captain Taylor, Wfa 
taken up at 13/. per ton, to take hooie the 
embassy and the ship's compajsy., and 
were to sail from Batavia about the 9lhpf 
April ; she was to take in 200 tons cargo. 
The Princei^s Charlotte transpoii had al>o 
sailed for ^be wreck, but was driven to 
leeward, and did not get there until they 
had all left in the Temate. They could 
find no water on the island for a long time, 
though constantly digging ; when they' 
did succeed, they had but one butt left. 
(Signed) " Edward Balston." 

Extract from the Mauritius Government 
Gazette of the 12th of April, 1817:— . 
** Batavia, Feb,2^, 18 J 7. 

** Yesterday bis Excellency the Right 
Hon. Lord Amherst arrived at Batavia, 
with the gentlemen of his suite. His Ma- 
jesty's ship Alceste, in which his Lordship 
bad embarked on bis return to £ngland^ 

Wi»s 



I8lt.] InieUigeneefrtnn vatimu P^ris of the Country. 77 

vfti' tMHiUMtehr lott in the Straits of aeigbboailiood of BaiAwy were Tiftited' 

M)p«r «nr Um iwh tnitant.' Sbe itroek wich « violent ttomi of thimder tad ligliu 

a*^ a rock unexpectedly, and toon af^er iHng, tbe rain ponrinf down in torrentt. 

On the Cattle Farm, in the patieh of Cbn- 
fioaibe, about two nilet ffom RatAmiy^ a 
little before nevva o'clock, seven oimt tak- 
ing shelter from tbe storm under a fine ' 
lofty oak, four of them werejtrock down 
by tbe lightning, and the two neafest lo 
the tree, on oppo»ite sides of ,it, were killed 
in a moment. The orher two recovered. 
A man at a short distance, who saw the' 
awful sight, thought the whole tree was oo 
fire ; but it sustained no injury, not a leaf 
of its rich foliage, in hll appealranoe; being 
torn off or blasted. The tree stands aloae, * 
on a gentle declivity, not in a hedge. 

June 30. Oar duty imposes upon of' 
the painful usk to announce another dread- 
ful accident occasioned by the ignition of 
fire damp. About eleven o'clock this fore- 
noon, an explosion took place at the Row 
Pitt, in. Harnton CbUtery, near CAetitr- 
le-Street, by which melancholy accident, 
wtt lament to say, 38 men and boys have 
unfortunately perished, Tbe force of the 
explosion was so great, that two of the 
men were blown £om- the bottom to the 
pit mouth, in a state too shocking to de- 
seribe ; several of the utensils also ascend- 
ed tbe shaft, and a corf, and two pullies, 
from the top of the machine, were thrown • 
a considerable height into tbe air. Only 
three men were taken out alive, and faint 
hopes are entertained of their recovery, 
or the sufferers, there are ten of the nsme 
of Hill, viz. a father, two sons, and seven 
grandsons. What adds not a litile to the 
distress occasioued by this accident, is ti>e 
reflection that it was caused by tl>e obsti- 
nacy of one of the pitmen, who, notwiih- 
standing he wjis cautioned against it, per> 
sisted in entering tbe mine with a candle 
instead of the safety-lamp. The following 
is the verdict of the Coroner's Jury, by 
whom the circumstances were carefully 
investigated : " The deceased came by 
^ their deaths in consequence of an explo- 
sion of fire damp, occasioned by the using 
of candles instead of the safety lamps, 
conirary to orders given." This dreadful 
accident shews the necessity of strong re- 
gulations to compel the constant uste of the 
safety- lamps, or the mines should be bet- 
ter ventilated. 

^uly 2. This afternoon, some pitmen 
descended into tbe new pit, at Harraion, 
in order to ascertain the injury it had sus- 
tained from the explosion of the old pic 
above described, when, shocking to relate, 
eight men were suffocated in consequence 
ol the impure state of the air in the mine. 
' July 2. Tbe Margate Regent steam- 
packet took fire on her passage from Lon- 
don to Margate t with a crew of leu men, 
and about forty passengers, men, womeu, 
and children. The voyage was extremely 
quick and favourable till about four in 

llits- 



i^to mi.so rapidly that it was neces- 
iMy to ffiiit her. AH the ofBeers and 
d laW ' iaa ehed Itfiddte Island in safety, and 
iHJlded sneh pr9vi!ti6as*a^ they could save 
ftAa tbe ship. His Lordship and the' 
I ci rtlem en" 'attached to the embassy pro- 
aie d e d in aa open boat for Batavia, 

■ ab et a tbiey arrived safely and in good 
iMalth; and this day the transport ship 
Msoeas Chariotte, accompanied by the 
'0da. Company's cruiser Ternate, sailed to 

^tbe relief of the ptrty, who were still on' 
Middle Island. It is eonfidentiy expected, 

IlKr e fot e, that the whole of the officers 
and erew of tbe Aleeste will be saved, with 
as fsv Bsisfortunes and casualties, as in so 
Jisti etii mg a situation can be hoped for." 



COUNTRY NEWS. 

Jmnt 93. A tremendous storm of thnn- 
dsr, ligbtntng, hail, and tain, burst over 
Mtitiai and CiifUmt about seven in the. 
liag: Many shops and warehouses 
iauadated, and goods damaged to a 
▼ary considerable amount Several trees 
foeHSg the House of OabrielOoldney, esq. 
at CItftoo, were struck by lightning, and 
rtba l^pf and branches broke « down, so as 
to. baMr landered the road impassable for 
nmatime. A poor woman, a lodger in 
Vsasi^street, was so^ terrified, that she re- 
nsaiiied in fits about an hour^ whiii she 
expired. During the storm» John Quire, 
a servant to Mr. Plumley. of Brockley, 
was employed in mowing the weeds in the 
Rev. Mr.Pigott's park; and taking shelter 
under a large oak, was killed by the 
llgbiBing. The tree was pot injured ; but 
there were slight^traces on the bark of the 
electric fioid having -passed where the de- 
ceased bad reclined ; his hair was scorch- 
ed, and there was a livid appearance in 
the ear and neck of the body, but no 
other apparent injury; and the attitude 
was so composed, that, though near tbe 
road, tbe young man was supposed to be- 
asleep,- till in the evening he was disco- 
vered to be dead. ■ 

June 26. . The new Church •, called the 
Holy Trinity, situate on Quarry-hill, in 
the Forest of D^an, -was consecrated by 
the Hon. and Right Reverend the Bishop 
of the Diocese. About 1800 persons 
crowded the church, and it is supposed 
that not less than 3000 were assembled to 
witness tbe ceremony. After the usual 
solemnities had been observed, his Lord- 
ship delivered an appropriate sermon. 
About 400 poor children, inhabitants of 
tbe Forest, were regaled with plum- pud- 
ding, &c. on this interesting occasion. 

June 27. This afternoon, the town and 



♦ See Part I. p. 402. 



78 Intelligence from various Paris of the Countrj/. [Jtuly^ 



the afternoon, when, having cleared the 
point of |he isle of Sheppy. and with a 
view of the destined port iu the distance, 
a smoke was observed to issue from the 
wooden casing on the deck surrounding the 
lower pari of the chimney of the steam- 
engiue. The attempt to stifle the fire was 
fruitless; and the smoke and heat increas- 
ing in the engine-house, the Captain 
shortly after ordered ail hands upon deck, 
and directed all the apertures communi- 
cating with tlie interior of the vessel lo be 
closed. The danger now became dread- 
fully apparent, and it was determined as 
the most probable chance of preserving 
the lives of the passengers and crew, to 
hoist a signal of distress, and to direct the' 
<;uurse ot the vessel towards fyhilstabie, 
from which place, at the lime the acci«Sent 
was first discovered, the vessel was about 
«'ight miles di!^tant, and the steam engine 
&till acting from the external heat sur- 
rounding the boiler, was a circumstance 
which fortunately favoured the object. 
For the space of upwards of an hour did 
the passengers remain in a horriiiie stale 
uf suspense, the fire ragmg in thi* inteuor 
of the vessel beneath, and being only kept: 
from penetrating through the dick by the 
constant application of water, (ill the ves- 
sel grounded on the sand at H^hitslabU, 
when three boats from that place which 
had overshot them, arrived to their as- 
sistance, and safely took on board all the 
pasksengers and crew j and here, as if the 
hand of Providence was fsirther manifested 
in their prei>crvation, in less than three 
minutes afterwaids the deck over the en- 
gine and fore cabin fell in. 

July 8. Uifington House, Uncolnshiie, 
the iicat of the Earl of Lindsey, was dis- 
covered to be on fire at two o'clock m the 
morning, supposed by incendiaries, as it 
broke out in two separate apartments. — 
It was most providentially subdued, after 
doing abouLdOO/. damages. 

July 19. This day, as three men em- 
ployed on tiie new works carrying on 
at Sheerness Dork-yard, were descending 
in ihe divmg- bell, some accident occurred ; 
and the signal to be drawn up not being 
understood by the men above, two out of 
the three were unfortunately drowned : the 
one who was saved, made his escape from 
under the bell, which the others were un- 
able to effect: as soon as recovered, the 
bodies were taken to the surgery, and 
means used to restore animation, but 
without effect. 

A few days since, a master butcher of 
Jf>swich^ named Beard, for a wager of 
10/. undertook to ride his mare, 14 hands 
high, from Ipswich to London, and back, 
a distance of 133 miles, in 19 hours ! The 
owner, who weighed ten stone, started from 
Ipswich at six o'clock in the evening : he 
roitched London at two in the morning, 



rested about two hours, and arrived- iii 
sight of Ipswich, and within half a m|l« of 
hiH own honst, 25 minntes within the time 
allowed, when the poor animal staggtred. 
several paces, and broke down. T|lB 
rider iustantly dismounted, and the mart 
fell to the ground. She made several ii}- 
< ffectual attempts to rise. U was dprmttl 
advisable to bleed her, and a fbw minutes 
put' an end to her snfferings by dealli ! 
The mare could not feed during the jour- 
ney, but had plentiful and frequent liba- 
tions of port wine. The following Uoav 
were printed and stuck up in various parts 
of the town of Ipswich the same eveniug : 

On Cruelty tq Beasts, 
A man of kindness to his beast is kind ; 
Kut brutal actions shew a brutal mind j 
Remember, He who oaade thee, made tha 

brute i [him mutt £ 

Who gave thee speech and reason, form*4 
He can't complain ; but God's alUseeing 

eye . 
Beholds ihy cruelty ; he hears his cry. 
Ue was designed thy servant, not tfajf 

drudge; 
But know — that his Creator is thy Jupoc ! 
The butcher has since endeavoured to ap-. 
pea»e his townsmen by a public apology. 

The attention of th.e inhabitants of BrU" 
tol and its neighbourhood has lately been 
much excited by. a young female supposed' 
to have arrived from an unknown country, 
and called Caraboo by a gentleman of 
Bath, By uttering a variety of words, 
scrawling a few characters, and assuming 
habits, which bear some affinity to those of 
Eastern Nations, she ingeniously cootrir- 
ed for some time to deceive many persons 
of considerable penetration. The impos- 
tor, however, proves to be a native of 
Witherage, in Devonshire, whose name is 
Mary Baker. She has now taken ber de- 
parture for America. She appears to 
have led a wanderiag life ; and bar his- 
tory, which abounds with adventure, ia 
about to be published by a gentleman of- 
Bristol. 

Sparrows, — A Correspondent in a Paper 
eminent for its agricultural notices, strong*, 
ly recommends the destruction of this 
most mischievous bird. He states that 
he has known on 60 acres of wheat 40 
bushels pecked out principally by Spar- 
rows, which, were it a general case, would 
occasion the loss of more than lOi. per 
acre. Other birds, he says, are of service 
at different seasons, but these are destruc- 
tive as the rat, living priqcipally on corn, 
and as that is at this time so very dear, it 
is not only the interest, but the duty, of 
every individual to assist in destroying so 
greatan enemy to the staff of life. Parisbeg; 
he trusts, will no longer hesitate to give one 
farthing per head, but will readily give 
four, and in the course of a few seasons, 
there will be scarcely a sparrow to be seen. 

DOMESTIC 



18 ill 



DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. 



7§ 



BdMBSttC OCCURRENCeS. 

^ft^^htitor Ouil€, Jmfy 5. His Ma- 
Icity bat been very eom posed durinf the 
Wit flloiitll. Ilis Majesty's health is pood, 
but bis distirder continues unabated." 
M^tthttstHijf^ Mnjf 14* 

A pablie meeting of Nohlemen and 
Goitlenen of Wiltshire was held this 
day at the AlbSoa Tavern, for the por- 
pote of forming an Institution, the ob- 
ject of which is, to apprentice the child- 
Ian of the- deserving poor belonging to 
the county of Wilts; residing In l^ndon, 
wlio might otherwise be destitute of the 
means of acquiring a comfortable sub- 
sistence through life. The company 
dined together ; after which sereral 
sums were contributed, and a Commit- 
tee fmrmed to carry the resolutions of 
the Bieeting Into effect. 

Satmrdny^ June!, 

This day, one Richard Testicle, con- 
victed of wilfhl and corrupt perjury on 
beeoalng liaii in the Court of Common 
Pleas, stood in the ptllory at Charing 
Cross, in pursuance of his sentence. The 
deHncpient was one of those persons 
who, destitute of all property or charac- 
ter, arrange themselves daily in the 
neighbourhood of the Judges' chambers, 
for the purpose of hiring themselves as 
bail. This man had assumed that cha- 
racter in an action for a considerable 
sum, swearing to the possession of suf- 
ficient property, and a residence which 
had no existence; and thus, hy the 
most corrupt perjury, obtained the sanc- 
tion of the Court to his becoming bail. 
Monday ^ June 22. 

This night Mr. Kemble took his leave 
of the Publick in the character of Corio- 
lanus. He sustained the part through- 
out with as much vigour as lie had ex- 
erted on any former occasion. The ap- 
plause which he received was enthusias- 
tic in the extreme; and, when the cur- 
tain dropped, ttie pit rose up in a body, 
and continued waving hats and laurels 
for several minutes. The curtain was 
toon drawn up again ; and Mr. Kemble 
came forward, evi4ently under great 
agitation ; and after a considerable pause 
delivered a short ^farewell address, in 
nearly the following terms : " Ladies 
and Gentlemen, — This ni^ht I have 
made my last appearance before you. 
I fear I cannot express myself with any 
kind of propriety — indeed 1 wished to 
withdraw silently from ihe Stage — I 
thought I h^d not composure enough 
for this situation ; but 1 have suffered 
myself to be persuaded, in compliance 
with custom, to utter one parting word. 
—I entreat you to believe that the kind 
approbation which you have bestowed 
span me since I fir^t became a candidate 



for public faToor, down to this, my last 
performance, will remain for ever fixed 
on my heart. — Whatever talents I am 
mitster of, whatever esertions I have 
made as an actor, or as a manager, in 
improving the propriety of costume, and 
giving increased splendour to the repre- 
sentations, particularly those of Shak- 
speare, they have been rendered delight- 
ful to me OR account of the favour with 
which you witnessed them. — ^Accept my 
respectful, warm, gratitude— it is too 
big for expression. And now suffer me. 
Ladies and Gentlemen, to' bid. you 
a long and unwilling — Farewell." — 
While delivering this address, he was 
fref|uently interrupted hy the swelling 
of his feelings. It was heard by the au- 
dience with breathless attention ; and, 
it may be added, with real regret. As 
soon as it was concluded, several wreaths 
of laurel were thrown upon the stage, 
and Mr. Kemble slowly retired. 
Friday, June 27* 
A meeting was held at the Freema- 
sons' Tavern, for the purpose of giving 
to Mr. Kemble every possible testimony 
of respect and esteem for his extraordi- 
nary merits in promoting the Interests 
Of the British acting Drama ; and was 
attended by an unprecedented assem- 
blage of rank and talents. Lord Hol- 
land presided; on his rightihand was 
Mr. Kemble, and on his left the Duke 
of Bedford. Among the Noblemen and 
Gentlemen at the principal table were, 
the Marquises Lansdowne, Tavistock, 
and Worcester; the £arls of Essex, 
Mulgrave, Aberdeen, Blessington ; Lords 
Erskine, Fetersbaro, and Torrington ; 
Messrs. Croker, Campbell, T. Moore, 
Rogers, with several characters of ac- 
knowledged eminence in Literature and 
the Fine Arts. M. Talma, the cele- 
brated tragedian of the French Drama, 
was also present on this interesting 
occasion. — After the usual national 
toasts. Lord Holland called the atten- 
tion of the Meeting to the object which 
they had in view. He stated, that it 
was the intention of the Committee to 
present to hfs excellent friend near him 
(Mr. Kemble) a piece of plate with suit- 
able embellishments; but that, as it waJS 
found impossible to have it completed 
in time, he had obtained a copy of the 
inscripiion, which he should read. The 
plate was dedicated to " John Philip 
Kemble, Esq. on his retirement from 
the Sta<!:e, of which he had been thirty- 
four years the ornament and pride;— 
which <o hi.s learning, taste, and genius, 
was indebted for its present state and 
refinement ; — which by his labours and 
perseveraiM.'e in the advancement of the 
legitimate Drama, and more particu- 
larly 



80 



D O M E ST I e OCCURRENCES; 



larly in support of Shakspeare, whose 
Mase bis performances had aided and 
embellished, the Plate was given as a 
testimony of gratitude, respect, and 
affection." — His Lordship proceeded to 
pass a very just eulogium on the talents 
of Mr. Keroblf, in the course of which 
he observed, that Mr. Kenible had given 
to poetry its full effects, 'and conferred 
upon the Drama of the Countiy all the 
rational entertainment of which it was 
susceptible. Among the list of English 
actors, no one could be named who had 
conferred upon the Stage so many essen- 
tial advantages, and' who had combined ' 
so successfully the results of the kindred 
arts of painting and of sculpture. He 
united in himself the legitimate claims 
of the Actor, the Scholar, and the 
Critic. —An Ode, written on the occa- 
sion by one of the first Poets of the 
Country, was then recited by Mr. 
Young.' (See p. 62.) — Mr. Kemble then, 
amid the cordial and fervent acclama- 
tions of his friends and admirers, most 
leelingly expressed his gratitude for the 
honours conferred upon him. — In the 
course of the evening " the health of 
M. Talma*' was received with warm and 
universal plaudits. M. Talma, sensibly 
affected by the attention paid to liiui, 
presented himself to the company with 
mingled emotions of surprise and grati- 
tude. He' expressed himself in excellent 
English, but with an occasional mixture 
of the French 'accent. 

The Gazette of July 5 contains a Pro- 
clamation, dated the 1st instant, by the 
Prince Regent, ordering that the new 
gold coiu called Sovereigns shall pass 
current at the value of twenty shillings. 
Each Sovereign contains 5 dwts. 3 grs. 
and 2740 lO.UOOth part of a grain of 
standard gold. The impression on the 
obverse is — ^Tbe head of his Majesty, 
with the inscription "Georgius 111. D. 
G. Britanniar. Rex. F.D." and'the date 
of the year; and on the reverse the 
image of St. George armed, sitting on 
horseback, encountei'ing the^ragon with 
a spear, the said device being placed 
within the ennobled Garter, bearing the 

motto ** HONI so IT QUI MAL Y PENSE," 

with a newly-invented graining oil the 
edge of the piece. 

Another Proclamation, of the same 
date, orders, that, as much of the pre- 
sent gold coin in circulation is deficient 
in weight, none shall be taken in pay- 
ment of less weight than as follows :— 
Guineas, 5 dwts. 8 grs.; Half Guineas, 
S dwts. 16 grs.; Quarter Guineas, 1 dwt. 
8 grs. ; and that Seven Shilling Pieces, 
and the gold pieces called Sovereigns, 
or Twenty Shilling Pieces, if of less 
weight than the rates hereafter speci- 



fied, viz. Seven Shilling Pitees, 1 dwt. 
18 grs.; Sovereigns, or Twenty Shilling 
Pieces, 5 dwts. 2 gra. and three quai^ 
ters; be not allowed to be cumeot or 
pass in any payment whatsoever. „ ,. 

Sir Home Popham, Col. McDonald, 
Capt. Marryat, R. N. and Mr.Conqllyp 
have severally determined to submit 
their Mercantile Telegraphic Codes to 
the publick. The latter holds it poaii- 
ble to communicate, with proportionate 
symbols, from St. George's, or Mount' 
Windham, in the Island of Berniuda, 
with the signal stations in Ireland. Ths 
proposed symbols are actually going out 
in his Majesty's ship Forth, to prova 
them at that distance. 

Waterloo Bridge. — Thp- length of 
stonework, within the abutments, is, 
from one river bank to the other, 1240 
feet, whose harmonizing straight line^ 
running parallel with the river, or wa-' 
ter-line through it, gives it that simple 
elegance and grandeur which is not 
equalled by any work of this description 
in Europe. The length, or gentle in- 
cline of plane from St. George's Fields, 
to obtain the summit of the Bridge, is 
1250 feet, and carried on partly by a 
mound of earth and brick arches. The ' 
length, from the North shore, from the 
abutment to the Strand, is 400 feet; 
the road principally carried over qa 
brick arches, and almost direotly level 
with the former. The total length of 
the Bridge, with its approaches, from 
the Strand to St. George's Fields, is 
28d0 feet. The span of the nine stone 
arches over the river, all of which Rte 
of equal dimensions, is 120 feet each. 
The width of the Bridge, within the 
balustrades, is 42 feet, divided on eadi • 
side by a footway of 7 feet, leaving the 
carriage road 28 feet. The numl^r o( 
brick, or dry arches, on the South shore^ 
is 40 ; and on the North, or Strand side,, 
ii 16. So that the total number of 
arches which have been carried over» 
for the completion of this grand work, 
is 65. The whole of the exterior of the^ 
Bridge is executed with durable Cornish 
moor-stone. 

The Sixth Report of the Select Com- 
mittee of Finance has been printed. It 
is, in fact, liitle more than a review of 
the estimates for the Naval service, 
which have been already voted by Par<; 
liament. The Committee remark, {that 
the salary paid to the Treasurer of the 
Navy is much too large; and recom- 
mend that on a future appointment, it 
should be reduced to a level with that of 
the Paymaster of the Forces. They also 
are of opinion that so many Commis- 
sioners of the Navy are not requisite in, 
time of peace 

TliEA- 

7 



tn^.| Pr m ni iom mid Pr(^inine9ii$. — BSrthi, md Mmriagei. §1 



THtEATRICAli REOISTER. loik — Aft Gmrtoi Jbll, «& AfciiJtta, th» 

Jte»JR«»fc Wjr of Sir /. A, ChwitH, • dwL— nAI. 

;. AL: f -.««w ^"^"t Hie wife of LitvlHBBL GiUibfWMU 

«MiiM Ow»A, LTtfiuM. of om,br«iid Iiftll» o«. Immmut^ aJm. 

«AMt«S. Jf^ Untfeji^ Unndk hf ^Iq the Awtriaii BmuiImw, PkfacM 

HrfUWuM- ' ^ PjaotBfterbasy.ladjrartlMAMtiiuiM-. 

Mp 16. Badiehr*t fTto^Mj or, Tkt buMdor» a loii. 

Aili^jM^Kift^i an Operetta. Jk% <, In HmailUwi PJMt. tfct Pnilim . 

■■ of Bedlbrd, a iOB.-«l» BnrtiWKitrwC 

GASarra ?aoiioTioiit. . Hon. Jtfn. Ofawtoii* a 4mtur^M. Pfniiw ik 

* lijgiii Boa. George Hose, 4me of the dome. Lad; Cierk, a 4a«.— 4. la C|Uni»i 

Ufawrtoffi of Greeavich HosfAul. uetier Ptaee, Near Road, 4w «i^ of Gaa*- 

iir He^amia Bloooifield, Keeper of the YioMirte Oiiert» a toa.--4, Aji BiamleqM^. 

Mvf Parse afld Prkale Sieciretary to the in Praoee, the wUb of .JUetttoOol. DafMap 

MdaRageat, oi0ellt.Hoa.J. M'Mahoa, Camerob, 79th rtgL a dau.r-iO< TiM 

lady of Sir Richard JephfODy hart, a wmd. 



Jk^ 1%. ' flight Hoiu J. Becket, swora --- U. At BrapHed, Kent, Ih^wUe of fieik 

koTllw PriryXonncil. apd Rev. J. Rvelja Beecapen, a dan.—-. 

Imh V9L I'be dignity of a Baronet con- 13. In Lower Berkeley .street, the wife of 

i«md OD the Rifht Hon. J. M*Maboa. . Rt. Hon. Edward Thornton, a son.r— At 

J^in^Q^f'JiUy d2>— Right Hon. Ed- Cockajrae Hatiey, oo. BedMU the wtfis of* 

«ardThomt»B, Hiaroj Extrac^ioary an4 Hon. and Rev. BL Q. Cass, a daa.— > At. 

lAnitar Plenipotentiary at the Cotwt uf Gl.odcet>ter, the wife of Rohert Morris, esq. 

ii(l HiafL Paithfat Majesty --t*H®<* * ^^**^ * *on &od heir. — 20. At Rosi^pe, near Lynd*- 

BiiiMd Porhev, SecMUr J of Legation. ^ hari^ Haou, the Conntos of £ro(|, a «oa» 

Cnrk PaoMOTioHt. MARRIAGBS.. . . ♦ 

W& i|ldaniian Thorpe Governor of the jlfay 19. At Roae, Geoiga Maale]r« 

ifitli Sbeiety, viu Harvey Combe, esq. esq. of Tanotun, ^omersat, to BoHUa^. 

fjiigiwd. John Pri'nsep, esq. High Bailiff second daoghier of Be^)alDin Waddiagtoa^ . 

4hSwttnrark« vke Sir W. ISewes. , eti^ of LanoYcr Hooas, oo. MoaiBoatb. 

— '■ JiiaelS. Hugh Dyke Acland,a»q.saa#aAf 

/ ^ousxASTiCAxi PaeFBRMBim. son of the late Sir T. iX Adand, bart. la 

Rev. /. CUrksoD, Bariord V. and Rox- Miss W. Koblnsoa, daoghter of the Deaa. 

tM y. CO. Bedford. of Lichfield. 

Rav« J. Brass, Aisgarth V. co. York. 14. At Fulbam, C. £. /Conyert, esq. * 

Rev. David Lewis, Monniagton R. ca Lleut^-coL of 83d regt. to Sarah, dan. of 

Hereford. A. T. Sampayo, e^q. of Peterboro' Hoose. . 

Rav..C!herles Grove, Odstock R. Wilts. Frederick Burmester, esq. eldest >ion of 

Rev. Edward Thurlow, LL.B. Ash by R. H. Burmester, esq. of Gwyaue Hoiiae,. 

$ii0btk. Essex, to Fanny Elizabeth, yopngest dan. 

Rev. WUliam Aioger, B.D. SumiinghiU of the late William Blaauw, esq. of 

v. B«J^. . Queen Anne-street. 



^. James Hook, LL.D. Whipping- 16. i^enry Hawes Pox, M.D. of Bristol^. 

m R. Isle of Wight. ♦© Harriet, dau. of the late Rev. Richard 

Rev* W. Jones, Chaplain to Greenwich Jones, of Charfieid, co. GlonceKter. 

Sospiui. William P. Brig^tock, esq. of BbdU 

' Rev. T, Morgan, Chapfain to Ports- combe Coart, Somerset, to Emma Mar- 

aovttb Dock-yard. g'^ret, second daughter of the laU Rev.' 

Rev. J. S. Pratt, Maxey V. Nor- G, H. Glasse. 

thampton. George Whitehorae Lawrence, etq. ta 

Hon. and Rev. R. Bagot, Cauon or Jane Fordyce, eldest daughter of the lata 

Prebeoaary of Worcester Cathedral, vke Lieut, col. Wight, of Cbapeleroe. 

Stilliogfleet, deceased. Anthony Deuoy, esq. eldest son of tha 

' , late Rev. Maynard Denny, of Charch^ 

B I RT H S. * hill, Kerry, to Hon. Mary Patriner,yoaug* 

Junit 21. At Naples, the Udy of Earl est dau. of th^ late Lord CoHingwood. 

Comptoo, a dau.— 26. At Dalhousie Cas- 19. Samuel dawley. esq. of Stock* 

He, Lady Robeit Ker, a dau.— 28. At wood, co. Bedfoid, to Theodosia Mary, 

Biabfook Hill, Louth, ibe wife of Rev., eldest daughter of Right Hon. Lady Theo- 

Aagaaos Hobart, a dau. — 30. At Geneva, dosia Vyner. 

the Countess of Mijjto, a son. ?0. At Edinburgh, Count Flahanlt [ wh6 

Laiify. In Charles-street, Lady Eliza- was aid-rte-camp to Buonaparte at tha' 

beth Smyth, a dau. — In Grafton -street, baitle of Waterloo] to Hoo. Margaret 

Lady Ridley, a son, —At Streatbam Park, M.ercer Elpbioitone, of Aldte, eldest dau. 

the wife of W. T. Money, esq. M, P. a of Vise. Keith, of Purbrook Park. ■ 

Gmr. M>ko. Julij, 1817. 2*- 

.11 



S2 



Marriages oj eminent Persons. 



[July, 



21. By special licence, Lord George 
William Russell, second son of the Duke 
of Bedford, to Elizabeth Anne, oi>ly child 
of the late Hon. John Rawdon, and niece 
to the Marquis of Hastings. 
■ Charles Pasley, esq. of Gloucester 
Plaee, Portman- square, Major in the 
East India Company's service, to Mary, 
eldest daughter of the late Simon M*Ta« 
Yish, esq. of Montreal, &c. 

At Llananhney, T; Dawuey, esq. Com- 
mander in the East India Company's ser- 
vice, to Eliza, dau. of Sir William Paxton, 
ofMiddteton Hall, co. Carmarthen. 

94. Charles Shaw Lefevre, jun. esq. to 
Einma Laura, youngest daughter of the 
Rt. Hon. Lady Elizabeth Whithread. 

25. Rev. C. Ashfield, to Anne, third 
daughter of Rev. W. Goodalt, of Dinion 
Hail, Bucks. 

26. Robert Ackland, esq. to Caroline, 
second dau. of Vice-adm. Sir Charles Ty- 
ler, K.C.B. of North Down, Pembroke. 

27. Dr. Pinckard, of Bloomsbury- 
nqjuare, to Miss Eastwood. 

Lately. — Rev. Thos. Erskine, to Char- 
lotte, daughter of the late Major Watson, 
65th regiment. 

At St Pancras, S. B. Raffington, esq. of 
Jamaica, to Miss St. George, daughter of 
the late Colonel St. George. 

Rev. Henry Hale, youngest son of Wil- 
liam Hale, esq. of King's U'alden Park, 
Herts, to Miss Sowerby, dau. ofJ. Sow- 
erby, esq. of Putteridge Bury. 

Rev. ii. Rdwardes, Rector of Frodesley, 
Salop, second son of the late Sir J. T. C. 
Edwardes, bart. to Anna Sophia, dau. of 
J. H. Hall, esq. of London. 

At Eyam, co. Derby, James Whicher, 
esq. of Petersfield, to Anna, second dau. 
of Major-gen. C, N. Cookson, royal art. 

At Kidderminster, Edward Amphlett, 
esq. of Kempsey House, to Caroline, eld- 
est dau. of Jacob Turner, esq. of Park Hall. 

Ueut.-col. Burreil, 90th regt. to Mary 
Anne, youngest dau. of the late Rev. Dr, 
Thomas, of Everton, Devon. 

At Leicester, Rev. George Woodcock, 
3ff.A. of Garthorpe, co; Lieicei«ter, to Anna 
Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Sir William 
Walker, of Leicester. 

At Prior House, co. York, Thomas 
Simpson, esq. of Richmond, to Elizabeth, 
eldest dau. of r— ; — Leodard,esq. barrister- 
ai-law, Ireland, and niece to 'i*. J. Anson, 
esq. of Prior House. 

Capt. Charles B]omer, S6th regt. to 
Elizabeth Catherine Phelps, only dau. of 
J. Martin, esq, of Wilhey Bush House, co^ 
Pembroke. 

Capt. Thomas Huson Patrick Ball, son 
of Rev. S. Ball, to Frances, sister of Cot. 
Weymeii, of the Kilkenny Militia. 

David F. Jones, esq. Recorder of Ches- 
ter, to Miss Anne Margaret Topping, of 
Whatcrofk Hall. 



At Berlin, George Sholto Douglas, esq. 
Secretary to the British Legaii6o, to 
Miss Rose, eldest dau. of his Majesty's 
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni- 
potentiary at that Court. 

July 1 Major Gabriel, 2d Dragooq 
Guaids, to Mariana, daughter of the 
late Colonel Charles R. Deaue, Beofa^ 
Artillery. 

Dr. Thomson, Depnty Inspector of Hos- 
pitals, to Louisa, youngest dau. of the lato 
Frederick Thomson, esq. of Kensiogiun. 

2. John Mat'ocks, esq. of Vrow.iw, co. 
Denbigh, to Sidney, youngest dau of 
the laie Abraham Robarts, esq. of Lower 
Grosvenor street. 

4. Lewis Bentley Oliver, esq. of Brent- 
ford, to Lai;ra H«>len Constantia, youngest 
dau. of the iate Juhn ZoiFany, esq. R. A. 

5. Hon. Orlando Bridgroan, third son of 
the Earl of Bradford, to Selina, fourth 
daughter of the Hon. Gen. Needham, of 
Waresiey Park, co. Huntingdon. 

By special license, Lieut. Alex. Hope 
Patttfson, 74th regt. to Anna Helena, 
young»*8t dau. of Robert Johnson, esq." 
of the Derries, Queen's County. v 

James Wedderbuine, esq. eldest sOa o^ 
J. Wedderburne, e»q. of Devonshire-streetr 
Portland Place, to Isabella, second daogh* 
terof David Lyon, esq. of Portland Placo. 

8. Stanford Carroll, esq. late of the 3d 
Dragoon Guards, to Lfjuisa Wilmot. eldest 
daughter of Sir John Edensor Heathcoto, 
kilt, of Longton Hall, co. Stafford. 

9. Geurge Birkbeck, M. D. of London, 
to Margaret, youngest dau. of Henrjr 
Gardiner, esq. of Liverpool. 

At Glasgow, Professor Thompson, of 
Belfast, to Margaret, daughter of the lato 
William Gardner, merchant* 

10. Rev. William Ainger, B.D. Fellow 
of St. John's College, Cambridge, Vicar, 
of Sunning Hill, Berks, and perpetual Cu- 
rate of St. Bees. Cumberland, to Etiauu 
beth, dau. of William Humphries, esq. of 
Harpenden, Herts. 

Rev. George Shiffner, son of G. Shiffher* 
esq. M. P. to Elizabeth, eldest dau. of 
Rev. C. Johnson, Rector of Wi1ffislow» 
Cheshire, and one of the Fellows of the 
Collegiate Church, Manchester. 

At Tuam Cathedral, by the Archbishop 
of Tuam, Lieut..col. Holmes, 9d Dragoon 
Guards, to [Elizabeth Jemima, eldest dau. 
of Sir Egerton Brydges, bart. M. P. of 
Lee Priory, near Canterbury. 

16. John Douglas, esq. of Lockerby,, 
second son of the late Sir W. Douglas^ 
bart. of Kilhead, to Sarah, youngest daugh* 
ter of James Shoile Douglas, esq. of Dene- 
worth, Sussex. 

22. J. S. Brown, jun. esq. eldest son 
of J. S. Brown, esq. of Mount Brown,. 
Limerick, to Margaret Anne, second dau.- 
of the late Major-general Jobu Agmon- 
desham Vesey. 

OBITUARY^ 



[ 88 ] 



:/ty « 



*^ 



OBIT 

BMMt Ho9« Osoftoik PsiisoiiBr. 

* J^iily 8, iKed ait his bouae in Curzon- 

streec^ in ooBtequcaoe of a paralytic 'af- 

feelMMi* with which (like the great Carl of 

X^batham) ha had hean saddatily seized, a 

fmw eveiiiags before, io his place in Par- 

Umnient, the Right Hon. George Pon- 

aonby, M. P. for Wkklow. This event 

bat deprived the Opposition of a leader, 

whoac character add^ dignity to the 

impcMtant statioB which be occupied. 

Party divisions, at it hat been justly 

otw arp ad , are inseparable firooi free Oo- 

wvnuBeots ; and those who stand on the 

lu^ grovod of rank and dignity can 

hardly, ia any case remain indifferent, 

withovt the certainty of sinking into insig- 

«ieai|^, and thereby id effect deserting 

tlMt poil, in which, with the fullest an* 

Uairity, and for the wisest purposes, the 

tostitiiiioiia of their country have placed 

tbeai. ' Mr. Poosonby, from very early 

lilhy irte and acted on this just and hoo 

■oorable principle. Be was descended 

ffOfi a fiunily long conspicuot|s in the 

pdlitieal Wstory of Ireland ; and bad a 

fart ciir hereditary right to eminence in the 

wpasssataiiva body, his father, the Right 

Has. Joha Ponsoaby« having fur several 

years ttled the important office of Speaker 

oi the Irish House of Commons. 



U A R T. , . : 

tioa as an im|M^Bt mm^- .U i§ Mmi. 
imporuat, whether ooasidersd arith refits 
eoce to its asas or to its abases, WtaMHl 
a Statesman acts as Mr. Poasoahy wm^ 
qnestiooably did, not only frtmi a siaaswt 
coovietioa of what is right, but with lihal 
' rality and csndoor toward those, what* 
conviction, though leading 16 differacH 
eooclusittn4, is equally sinqere, thei* 
will be a digaKy and a moderation in 
his public conduct, emioeuily serviceabin 
to the great cause of freedom and goad 
Oovemteent ** If it' be the office of those 
who are thus circumitaaoed»" says Mi^ 
Burke, *« to take a decided part, it is an 
less their duty, that it shoald be a sober 
one. It ought to be circumscribed by th* 
same laws of decorum, and baiaaced by 
the same temper, which bound and regn* 
late all the virtues." This just remark 
Mr. Pansooby appears always to hava 
kept in miud. We never found him d#» 
sceuding to coarse and personal iuvective^ 
insinuating vague and gioundless suspi* 
cions of dishoiictity in bis political oppo* 
nents, or assuming a tone of insoiefi 
arrugance in the censures which bt 
thought it his duty to pass 6n their publia 
measures. He felt that, in addressing ao 
assembly of gentlemen, it behoved him In 
preserve the language and manners of a 



"fhe Rt. Hon. Geo» Ponsonby, the gentle* gentleman ; and that there was a wide dif<* 



asan whose loss we now deplore, was the 
Speaker's second son. He was called to 
the Irish Bar in 1780 ; and ob'ained from 
the Rockingham administration, in 1782, 
together with a silk gown, the valuable 
office of First Counsel to the Commission- 
ers of the Revenue. At this lime occurred 
his first introduction into the Irish Par- 
liament ; but he did not attempt to distin- 
guish himself there until after his re- 
OMiTal from office in 1788, by the then 
Lord Lieutenant, the Marquis of Uuck- 
iagliam. Mr. Ponsonby then came for- 
ward in the ranks of Opposition, in which 
he continued to act with great vigour and 
celebrity; until the accession of his friends 
to power raised him at once to the dignity 
of Chancellor of Ireland, to which he was 
appointed March 25, 1806. This high 
office he bekl but a short time, the change 
in the public councils soon removing him- 
self and his friends from Adminisiratmn. 
•Previously to his obtaining the Chancel- 
lorship, he bad been Knight of the Shire 
£0r the County of Wickiow (which he re- 
presented at the time of his death) ; but 
on the succession of Lord Howick, now 
Earl Grey, to bis father's title, Mr. Pon- 
sonby came into the United Parliament 
for Tavi&toek, to the room of bis Lord- 
ship. He spoke against the Address on 
the second Session of that Parliament, and 
hss ever since been considered as the 
leader of Opposition in the Hou9»e of 
ComiBons.— Wc have spoken of that su- 



ference betweeu courting the seoselesa 
plaudits of a mob, and appealing to the 
sound sense and integrity of a British 
House of Commons. Mr. Ponsonby was 
guided by the same rgood taste in the 
style and manner of his oratory. He did' 
not affect a flowery or figurative diction : 
he was nut wild and declamatory ; but he 
followed the natural bent of his genius, 
which led him to be plain and per«picu* 
ous, to state hi« arguments always care« 
fully, often forcibly. He sheured exten- 
sive knowledge of politics and of mankindi. 
He was a practised and skilful debater, 
rather than a quibbling pleader, or an 
ostentatious rhetorician. In short, bis 
character may be summed up iu tbosa 
few words which Cicero applies to Ca- 
tulus : '* Summa, non vite solum atque 
naturae, sed orationis etiam comitas." 

Mr. Ponsonby was born 5ih March^ 
1755. He was married, iu May 1781, to 
Lady Mary Butler, eldest daughter of 
Biinsley, the second Earl of Belvedere, 
by whom he had several children. It is 
almost stiperflnous to add that he waa 
highly esteemed in private life. Hisremains 
were interred, July 12, io a private man- 
ner, at Kensington, beside those of hif 
brother the late Lord Ponsonby. 

The Dukb op North umsbrlamd. 
Julif id. Died at Northumberland 
House, in his 75th year, his Grace Hugh, 
Duke of Nortbunberlaad. He had been 

conftasd 



S4 Fumiral qf the laic Duke of Nortbumberland* t^^^^ 



•tefined fcMr about eight weeks ; .but, till 
tritbin the lest three days, the lymfitonis 
•ere not deencd alemhif . He was sen- 
ttble to the last ; aad the Doebess and lier 
|«o tens, Earl Percy and Lofd Prudboe« 
SMffe with him at the aBoment of hti du«o- 
fcitioB. His Grace was bomr Aug. 25, 
ilA'ii succeeded bis father Hugh, the late 
Duke, the 6ib of June, 1*786; married July 
the 4th, 1762, -Lady Aone Stuart, third 
daughter of John tbird Earl of Bute, by 
whom he bad do issue, aMi which marriage 
was dissoWed by Act of Parlianient in 
1779. He married, 2d)y, May the 35th, 
1779, Frances Jolia Burrell, third daugh' 
tcr of Peter Burrell, esq. of Beckenbam, 
Kent, sister to the Marchioness of Sxeler, 
the Countess of Beverley, and Lord Gwy. 
dir, by whom he had issue fife daughters, 
three of whom are dead, and one is raar^ 
ried to Lord Janes Murray, second soo 
of.tbeOokeof Atbol; and two sons, Hugh 
Earl Percy, bom April the 20tb, 1785, 
■ow Duke of Northumberland, who wa» 
tome time since called up to the House of 
Lords to sit for the Barony of Percy, and 
was recently married to a daughter of the 
Earl of Powis ; and Algernon , born Dec. 
15, 1787, lately created a Peer by the 
title of Lord Prudhoe. Tbe Duke of 
Northumberland was uniformly distin- 
guished, by tbe most muniScent libe- 
rality ; and his loss will be deeply felt. 
- At an early hour oa Saturday morning 
(July 19) the preparations for convey-^ 
ing the remains 9f the late Duke from 
Nortbnmberlaiid House to Westminster 
Abbey were completed. All tbe domes- 
tics appeared in new mourning. Tbe sii 
Beadles belonging to St. Martin's parish, 
in their coats and bats of office, with silk 
hat-bands, and poles covered with black, 
similar to mutes, attended oo the outside 
of tbe great gates soon after nine o*clock. 
The bell of St. Martin's church toiled 
during tbe morning.'*- Those who were to 
follow as mourners began to arrive about 
half-past ten o'clock. About 12 o'clock 
tbe hearse, andsii beautiful black horses, 
•rpamented with plumes of feathers (the 
h^rse ornamented with handsome esout- 
cheoof), drove into tbe conrt-yard. At 
half-past 12 the procession began to move 
towards Westminster Abbey, preceded by 
Mr. Lee, tbe High Coustable for West- 
minster. . 1'be funeral exciud great inter. 
Cft, and tbe neighbourhood of Charing- 
cross was thronged with carriages, and a 
great number of genteel well-dressed pe- 
destrians. 

Order </ Procession, 

. Eight Baimerols, carried by Horsemen. 

Horseman uncovered, bearing a Ducal 

Coronet on a Crimson Velvet Cushion, 

led by two pf rsons uncovered on foot. 

fiuodard of Great Briuio, bora 

by a man ott hvrfeback* 



Guidon. 

Two Horsemen. 

Large Banner of the Family Airmr ui4 

Quarterings, six feet squarty^ 

borne by a ll we n i ati. ' ■ • 

Horsemen*. 

HeliBet and Crett. 

Horvemen. 
Target and Sword. 
• Horsemen.- 
Surooat. 
Ifr>rseaieii. 
THE BOOy 
In Hear»e,.full dressed. 
The inside coftn was lined with riel| 
white satin, and the dress of- the 'same, 
trimmed with flfne point- laoe, Arc. Thw 
outside case made of Btoslish oak, covered 
with rich crimson Genoa velvet, and fttoish- 
«d in tbe handsomest manner, with atars 
cf the Order of the Garter, coronett, and 
every appropriate decoration. On tba 
plate are engraved the armband sup- 
porters, with the following inscription : 
The Most High Poitriiant and Must Ifobte 
Prince Hugh Percgr, 
JDuke and Earl of Northamberland, Btrl 
aad BarcNi Percy, Baron Luey; Poya* 
ings, Fitzpayne,. Bryaa, Latiowr; and 
Warkworth, and Banmet, Lord -Lieu- 
tenant and Gustos KotolorulD of tB^ 
county of Nortbttfflberlalid, and town 
of Newcastle-upon-Tjrne, Vice-Adinirit 
of the same and the Maritkiie parte 
thereof, and Knight of the Most Nobl« 
Order of the Garter* . 
Died on the 10th day of Jnly, 1817, 
In the 75th year of bis age. 
Mere than forty Horsemen attended the 
Bannerols, Banners, and BmblematitisI 
Devices. 
Eight Mouming Coaches and itv,* in 
which were, 1 . the Dean of Chieheiter 
and Archdeacon Potts. 3. Lord Jalaea 
Murray, tlie son-in-law of bis Gra^, as 
Chief Mourner. 3. Lord Lovame, the 
Hon. Algernon Percy, aad the Hoo. 
and Rev. Hugh Percy. 4. Tb^ Hon. 
Jocelyn Petcy, tbe Hon. Wm. Ferey, 
and Lord Qwydir. 5. Lord Bafiouaa 
Karl Puwis, and Captain Petttrw. 6. 
Captain Umfrevrlle, H. C. Selby, £sq. 
tbe Duke's Secretary ; Thomas S" tiling, 
Esq. Coroner for Middlesex ; Richard 
Wilson, ]Etiq. the Duke's Solicitor. 7. 
• —'*-— Mori is, £>q., J« Boyle, Esq., ^— 
Piincke, Esq., and Mr. Matthews. 
Comptroller of tbe Dake's bouseboM, 
8. Mr. Anqutul, Mr. Larche, Mr. 
Robert K^ate, Surgeon to tbe Dak(r; 
and Mr. Loddey, bis Apothecary^. 
The Duke's Carriage. 
Four pages attended nacb eoavh. ■ 

* His Grace was also a-Gisneral in the 
Army, and Constable of Lanocestoa C«i» 
tle^ F. RriS. and Fi S. A. 

' Tba 



Tht Mloviiif GMrriafirt (the tervatitt wear- e ro i ied with lidict and |ftttlraMB ; pai 

ittg mHl ballMtfdt mod floves), clp^d we «Im» notioed vmuf, ^ the Hobp^ 

' Ui#.. y wftaailon : -- Hit €Eraee tlw late tliefe, among wImm wera ^mI Qf^iivMf, 

BvlMni mA fix iMirnt i the Dowager Lord Grey, Levd Motttfofil, Iko. 

DfelMflt^midtiiB bones; tbe present ' The flKNiraert rctenMd lo ti^ .wri- 

MIe^ And st« bori^S Lord Pmd- agea; and prooeededtiackt ia peartf thg 

• hee»as haU JaoMa -Mwlrrajr^ ; Lord saoe onier as tbef arrived* to IfoiflNni. 

Beverley'ti fieri of AshbamhaiB*s ; berlaad House, wbdre tbiy ' aepa n in dt. 

Losd fiwydhr*8 and six horses ; Mar- The proeessiotf bad a rmy ha^pQ§k^ Md 

eUaoesa of Bs«t«r^ $ Mn. Beonet's ; graad appearaoee. 



CbpCaHi Beaoei'a ^ Sir W, Qordoo's ; 

Barl-Powis's; Viseonat CliTe*s ; Arch- MAaAin ot attAti-BmnEnh' 

' biglNip of CaMarbanr's; Lord Ex- Jmig 15. Died at Pi^ agak 53^ tba 

■oatb'fti Lmrd Ssita'a; Eight Hob. celebrated IfadsiaM de fltaeUHoltti^ 

Joha Mar JIaboa'a; Mr. Nortbev's; daagbter af M.He«fcar, so BMMdi dislia- 

Mr. Bragdea^t Mr. Hagb Hoards ; gdi^ied befwe the Freaeb Bavolatka for 

• Sir T%oans Aelaad^s; Mr;Wilsoa*s; his fiaaaeial ulents. Tbe ctapiag.pre- 

• Sir rraacis Millinlui**. physician ; Mr. cedhig her death she enjoyed tba frst^ 

• BsataV, surgeon ; Mr. Lockley*** apo- air of the garden, and sual( hito .a^gcatla 
. -fbecary; Mr. Davison's; Marq. Choi- slumber, from which she aever awake, fl 
J amadelry's and sis horses s Mr. Drum- is a remarkable h&, tbat^ appr^wadmf 
.,- Bssid BarreU's ; Mr. liodaey Borrell*s ; aad foreseeii^ ibb catastrophe, she aevar* 

and Mr. Winiam Burrell's. for some amnths pr^ioos to her dtsiola- 

Tba oonooarse of people assembled tion, felt an iacKoatioa to sleep without 

bstatua Gharing-effom and Wettmimter dread. I^he intimated a wish that fbr 

4bbey exceeded caloulatioo. There were three days her cot|Me might be attended 

wa lagotar lines of carriages to . Parliaj before beingfbr ever indbtad in its coAn ; 

meat stniit Numbers of shops were, in • and for three days, in d^anca of the db^ 

roaaj^aBafs, shut up. The windows of tressing'dreitmstances rellec^a suggem^ 

Jha baasas were tUled, Tbe procession Augustus deSueiHid not quit the chambar 

lad aa ia regular order, St. Margaret's of bis departed mother. Her remaias ma la 

llM Abbey bells tolling, and arrived a be conveyed to Copet for interm^at. H* 

aft^r one o'clock at tbe West physicians were preparing for her oxygjm- 

r40Or of tbe Abbey ; it was received by ous air when she breathed h«r last -^ Tba 

IM Prebendaries and the Oentlemeo of tbe day of the death of Madame de Stael was 

Cathedral, (who -were ID waiting at the Je- the anniversary of tbe triumph of M. 

rusalem Chamber), who joined the pro- Neckar. 

ceasion, preceded by the Dean's twelve '< Madame de Srael possessed a' high 

atammen; and Mr. Catlin and Mr. Hollo- rank in the literary world; but seemed 

eoeabpreieded the corpse. more remarkable for felicity of wit aad 

Tbe whole of the mourners having sprighiliness of fancy, than purity of 

aligbied from their carriages, the pro- taste, or correctness of judgment. Her 

scaaioB began tp move slowly down tbe observation was for the most part su^^rft- 

eeatre aile, the Gentlemen of the Choir cial; and, like tbe generality of tbe French 

aiafiag Dr. Croft's Funeral Service, in a philosophers, among whom the wished to 

■MMt solemn and impressive manner ; the be classed, the mistook the glance of a 

orgaa* by Mr. Williams, tbe organist of moment for the result of reflection ; and 

tbe Catbedt al . The procession proceeded clothing her hasty thoughts in a kind of half 

ftoSt. Nicholas's Chapeh, where tbe inter- metaphytical, half tentimentiil jargon, was 

aient took place in the family vault, enabled to extend to others tbe delusion 

^ch was built in the year 1776 folr the she bad already practitf<fd on herself. 

Ducbeaa, tbe mother of the late Duke, Daring her residence in Paris, her conver- 

and her spouse was afterwanis interred Satiou was courted by every person of 

there -by her side, and after him Lady eminence, and her house became a centre 

Beverley. The remains of tbe Duke of attraction for all the literary idlers df 

were deposited near bis father and mother, the capital." She has left a son and a 

There afc thirteen other coffins of diffisr- daugtiter i the latter is married to the 

ant branches of the family, which are Duke de Broglio, 

sappoKed to have been removed there The preceding character appears to be 

the vanli was built. Theoldestdate sketched by no friendly hand; and wa 



is 1746. deem it b' It justice to subjoin the portrait 

Tba Puaeral Service was read by the of Madame de Siael, as sketched by 

Eer.TfaomasKdwards, the senior Prebend. Lady Morgan in her new work entitled 

Oa the remains -being deposited in the " Prahce," although we do U'*t profess to 

Taoit, the Choir sang Dr. Crotches Funeral concur entirely in the very high admira- 

AatlMPa^ '* Man that, is born of woman." tion entertaineJ by the writer. 
The iaside of tbe Abbey itm excessively *' The genius of Madanw da Stael be- 
> . . . longs 



S6 



Madame de Stael; — Captain Tuckey. 



[July, 



tong9 to the day and age in which it 
ditfrned, and by which it was nurtured. . 
It parralces of their boldness and thbir 
aspirations, their freedom and their force. 
Fostered amidst philosophical enquiries, 
land political and social fermenlation, its 
objects are naturafly grand) its scope 
vast; its efforts vij^orous. It has tho 
energy of inspiration, and' its disorder. 
There is in the character of Madame de 
StaePs compositions something of the 
Delphic PViestiess. Sometimes ray>tic, not 
klways intelligibte, we still blame the god 
rdther than the oracle ; and wish perhaps ' 
that she were less inspired, or we more in- 
telligent — While oihier writers (both male 
and female) in Prance have tumed with 
every breeze that fluttered in the political 
iMmijiphere, Madame de Siael has stea- 
dily proceeded in the magnificeot march 
^fgen'mst governed by principle: and her 
opmions, while they are supported by 
all the fotce of female enthusiasm, derive 
an additional weight from the masculine 
independence and steadiness of their ad- 
vocate. I had to lament that Madame de 
Stael bad left France at the moment when 
I entered it ; and I was tantalized by in- 
vitations, which proposed my meeting 
her iat the house of a mutual friend, at 
the time when imperious circumstances 
obliged me to return to Ireland. I thus 
was prevented from seeing one of the most 
distinguished women of the age ; from 
trhose woiks I had received infinite plea- 
fure, and (as a woman, I may add) infinite 
pride. Her character was uniformly de- 
scribed to me, by her friends, as largely 
partaking of a disposition whose kindness 
knew no bounds ; and of feelings which 
lent themselves in ready sympathy, to 
every claim of friendship, and every call 
of benevolence. Among those who know 
her well, the splendour of her reputation 
seenis sunk in the popularity of her cha- 
racter j and 'c'e>/ un eexcelienle personne ;* 
— * c*esi un bon ettfanU^ were epithets of 
praise constantly lavished on ope who has 
go kuany more brilliant claims to cele- 
Brily." — — — 

Captain " Tuckey. 
Captain Tuckey (whose death has been 
recorded in Part I. p. 90) was the youngest 
son of Thomas Tuckey, esq. of Greenhiil, 
in the county of Cork. Having chosen 
the sea service fur his profession, he made . 
at a very early age two or three voyages 
from Cork to the West Indies and North 
America ; and on the breaking out of the 
war in 1793, was appointed midshipman 
in the Suffolk, of 74 guns, commanded by 
Captain (afterwards Admiral) Rainier. In 
\hU ship lie served in the Channel 0eet 
under Lord Howe until 1794, when she 
went to the F.abt indies. He was shortly 
after made master's mate, and was present 
at the capture of the Spice Islands, and 



ill various engagements by se«- and on 
shore in India. — ^Tbe Suffolk having taken 
a prize, he was made prize*iiiaster of ber» 
and brought her ipio Madras, at whidi 
time accounts having arrived there of the 
French frigate la Forte, 50 gnns, bmvtngp* 
been seen in the Bay of Ben^l, be volon- 
teered his services to C^aptain Copk* of la 
Sybille, who immediately sailed, and 
shortly after met la Forte, which he iook, 
after a desperate ni^ht action.. Mr« 
Tuckey rejoined the Suffolk, and.wasapoB' 
made actiug-lieutenant of berj^and abortly 
after appointed lieutenant of the .Pox fri- 
gate,' which was^tationed in the R«| Sea 
for a considerable time, to watch the no- 
tions of the French who were thUn in 
Egypt. Ill h«*alth made him leave India 
.at a period when, from his leofi(Ui of aer* 
vices, he nuist have been soon «iade a ' 
Commander, and be came heme in com- 
mand of the Star brig, with di^patcbet 
from the Admiral. On his arrival in 
England the preliminaries of peace Jiad 
been signed, and he was put on half-pay, 
when he visited his native copntry for a 
few months. — In 1803, the lat^ Lord Mel- 
ville selected him to be tjrst lieutenant of 
the Calcutta, of 50 guns, which ship carried 
.convicts to fonn a new settlement in New 
South Wales, and after laodhgg the con* 
victs he was employed in various aurveye 
of the coast, which, (qgether with Ilia ac- 
count of the voyage, have been since pah« 
lished. Oa the return of this ship to 
England she was refitted, and ordered to 
St. Helena to convoy borne some East In- 
diamen; and in September 1 8Q5, . within 
a few hours sail of Cape Clear, ahe mosl 
unluckily fell in with the Rpchfort aqua- 
dron, with which she maintained an un« 
equal conflict sufllciently long to enable 
ail the East Indiamen and South Sea 
whalers to make thejr escape.. The Cal- 
cutta was taken to-Roehelle, and ber crew 
were sent prisoners to Verdun, whera 
Capt. Tuckey remained until the discom- 
fiture of Buonaparte. On his return to 
England he was promoted to be. a com* 
mander by the present Lord Meivine» 
and shortly afterwards selected by. bis lord- 
ship to command the unfortunate expedi- 
tion to Africa. Capt. Tuckey married in 
France an English lady, who is .left a wi- 
dow with four children, the eldest not tea 
years old, and the youngej^t born aince hie 
father's departure for Africa. Few mtm 
have been more unfortnnate than Captain 
Tuckey. His ill health forced him to 
leave India on the eve of promotion, and 
his long imprisoumeiit in France destroyed 
all his pro>pects. During his residenca 
there he compiled a woik lately published, 
entitled, '* Merit ime.Geograpby.'' Tbie it 
a most useful composition, and though writ* 
ten in sickness and in sorrow, it perbapi 
•erved to alleviate cares that would other- 
wise 



1 S 1 7. ] Obituary ; with Anecdotes of remarkable Persons. 81 



wise have overpowered him. On the ad- 
Tance of the Allies imo France, the prison- 
ers were ordered into the interior, and 
Capi. Tockey, with two of his sons, was 
obliged to depart at a moment's warning ; 
bis 'ydangefi^t son* a fine boy about tive 
years old, was taken ill on the journey, 
and fell a victim to sickness and fatigue. 
Another child, seven years old, was some 
tiine since burnt to death. His prospects 
and those of his surviving family had 
lately become more promising, but his 
death has finally closed them. To his 
friends his loss has been great; and his 
Goootry has lost an able and experienced 
officer ; bat his widow and children have 
suffered an irreparable injury — and we 
trust that the bounty of the country will 
be generously extended towards ihem. 
Had the expedition succeeded, there can 
be no doubt but that a bandsoipe remuner- 
atjen and promotion would have followed, 
and there was every prospect of success, 
bad not the dreadful climate, against 
which human iTif*ans are of no avail, de- 
prived the Nation of the advantages which 
It promised. 

DEATHS. 

1816, At Madras, aged 33, Martha, 
OcL 18. wife ot George Stephenson, 

e»q. lieutenant and adjutant in his Ma- 
jesty's 30th foot ; widow of J^>hn Selwyn, 
esq. late captain in the same regiment ; 
and daughtt^r of Mrs. Anne Jones, print- 
seller, Oxf jrd. 

1817, Alay 13. At sea, on his passage 
to Jamaica, aged 18, Henry, youngest 
sou of the late Richard Orlebar, esq. of 
Hinwick House, Bedfordshire. 

June 11. R. S. Nicholson, esq. of Titch 
field, Hants, y?aptain in the Navy : he 
ferved as Lieutenant on board the War- 
rior, under Admiral Rodney, in the me- 
OMrable victories of April 1782. 

June 13. At St. Petersburg, in his 
17th year, George, youngest son of W. 
H. Haggard, esq. of Park-street, West- 
minster. 

June 16. In Somerset-place, Bath, 
£(iza Harington, aged 75, relict of the 
Rev. Richard Haringlon, of Rockiuf;ham- 
hall, Hagley,co.Worcesier, rector of Whit- 
stone and Powder ham, Devon, who died 
April 1813 (see Vol.LXXXm. p. 702). 
^he was the daughter of Abraham Cham- 
bers, formerly a principal partner in the 
banking-house in New Bund-street, Lon- 
don, and half-sister of Abraham Henry 
Chambers, tbe present partner in the 
same concern. She first married in Sep- 
tember. 1761, William Hallett (son and 
heir of William Hallett, of Canons, Mid- 
dlesex) who died .May, 1767, aged 36; by 
whom she bad, 1. Lettice, born June 
1763; married the Rev. John Mulso, 



M.A. vicar of South Stonefaam* co. Sonth- 
ajnpton, nephew of Dr. Thomas, Bishop 
of Winchester, preceptor to the King » 
2. William, born June 1764: 3. Frances, 
boru posthumous, August 1767; married 

first Saunders, surgeon in the Mid^ 

diesex militia ; second. Captain Arm- 
strong, paymaster of tbe 1st battalion of 
the G7th regiment, in the East Indicf». 
The union with Mr. Harington took 
place the 31st of December, 1791, and 
was without issue. Mrs. Harington re-^ 
sided on the Continent for some years 
before the Revolution, and left a spirited 
account of her tour in manoscript. She 
possessed a happy fluency of language, 
with manners to interest and fasoiaat» 
society. Gifted with a strong mind and 
prompt deci'-ion, she joined thereto » 
settled and retired piety, always having a- 
happy confidence in the promised bless- 
ings of futurity. In 1811, <* The Imita- 
tion of Jesus Christ ; being an Abridge* 
ment of Thomas k Kempis, published for 
the benefit of such persons as may not- 
have the means of purchasing tbe larger 
Work," prepared for tbe p^ess by tho^' 
Rev. Mr. Smith, Rector of King's Swinford,' 
was printed in octavo, at her instigatioft: 
and expence, for general distribu|.ion to all 
applicants. A snuill engraved oval of* 
Mrs. H. without name, represents her in: 
the meridian of life ; and may be distin- 
guished by a beaded cross suspended- 
from the neck, and "J. Russell fecit.*' 

June 18. Aged 69, Mrs. Thompson, 
relict of B B. I'hompson, esq. ol Hull. 

June 19. Aged 34, Lieut.-col. Fluker,- 
only surviving son of Mrs. Lloyd, of 
Woolwich, whose husband, the late Gea, 
V. Lloyd, he survived but three days. 
Their remains were interred at the same 
tim** in the same grave. 

June 19. On his passage from Ja- 
maica, Dugald Campbell, esq. of Salt- 
spring. 

June 20. Aged 27, the wife of Mr, 
Fenton Atkinson, of Manchester, solicitor. 
Ju;/e21. At Greeno'k, North Britain, 
in her 97th year, Mrs. Barbara M*Pher- 
son, relict of the late Rev. Alexander 
M'Leod, of the Isle of Skye, and mother 
of the late Lieut.-col. Donald M'Leod, of 
Archagoyle and St. Kilda. 

June 24. Drowned at Hastings, while 
bathing with his friend Mr. C. Dyer, of 
Soho, aged 23, Richard Bean, esq. of 
Albemarle-street A character of this ac- 
complished and unfortunate young man 
wdl be given in our next. 

June 25. At Ordnance* place. Chat.* 
ham, aged 27, Lieutenant Alexander 
Rhodes, R. N. 

June 26. At Presteigne, co. Radnor, 
Captain Joseph Baker, R. N. 

June 28. William, third son of Samuel 
Dyer, esq. Wotton under-edge. 

June 



t 

88 Obituaty; with Anecdotes of reniarkahlis Persmts. [July, 



Jtme 29. At West Wickham, Kent, 
Mrs. Sidney Cuthberi, widow of Hev. Jo- 
seph Caihbeit, o( Uprainster, Esxex. 
. At Maidenhead^ aged 20, Mr. G Gib- 
bon Fox, soQ of the late William Fox, 
esq. formerly solicitor at Gloucester. 

At Nealb, aged 64, J. Herbert Lloyd, 
•sq. of Killibebyll, co. Glamorgan. 

June 30. In consequence of a fall 
from his horte the previous day, aged 28, 
R«v. R. L* Manning, of Wrestling worih 
Parsonage, Bedfordshire. 

In the Isle of Wight, Captain Samuel 
Grove, R. N. 

At Dresden, Werner, the celebrated 
Germap mineralogist : — ** His name,'* 
•ays a letter from Dresden, ** was known 
from the iron- mines of Siberia to those of 
fold in Peru.*' He was interred with ex- 
traordinary pomp at Freiberg. — Among 
the effects left by this, celebrated mine- 
rAlOfist, there are seTeral MSS. nearly 
ready for the press. He had printed 
nothing sinoe 1774— his labours always 
appeared to him not sufficiently matured $ 
but his instructions were spread over the 
world by thousands of scholars. His 
cabinet of minerals, consisting of 100,000 
specimens, (estimated at 150,000 crowni!,) 
has not become the property of the King 
of Saxony, as has been reported, but of 
the Mineralogical Academy at Freiberg. 

Lately. — Suddenly, of an apoplectic 
fit,. Mr. William White, general surveyor 
of breweries to the Board of Excise. 

Aged 82, Mrs. Elliott, relict of G. 
Elliott, esq. and mother of J. Elliott, esq. 
of Pimlico, and Dr. Elliott, of Bath. 

At Little Sion House, Isleworth, aged 
66, Mrs. Gotobed, relict of the late John 
Gotobed, efq. of Norfolk- street. 

Jane, third daughter of Rev. John Clay- 
ton, of Hackney. 

Suddenly, the lady of Sir C. HackeU, 
fcoifbt. 

Aged 73, Mr. William Bruce, of Old 
Round-couK, in the Strand, one of the 
ojdest booksellers in London. He was 
V originally, it is believed, a mathematical 
instrument maker; but left Scotland about 
40 years since, and followed in London 
the profession of a bookseller. He was 
celebrated for his knowledge of the He- 
brew language, and his attachment (o the 
authors of the Hutchinsonian school. He 
possessed strong natural powers of mind, 
and was singutarly decided in his opinions 
— a Calvinist of the higher order, and 
mingled with all the philosophical notions 
of Mr. John Hutchinson. He had read 
•^ry considerably, especially in theology, 
and was more parricularly attached to 
the writers belonging to the Churrh of 
England, to which church he c'usely ad- 
hered. When the writer first knew him. 
about 23 years ago, be kept a shop in 
^ew Ion passage, near Clf'mcikt*8 Inn. 



At this time he was" visited Qr 'many, 
clergymen and Hebrew scholars, who 
used to resort there occasionally, to listen 
to bis conversation, which chiefly con- 
sisted of books and authors, of diriaet 
and theology. A respectable bookseller^ 
now alive, and somewhat of a similar 
taste, used occasionally to make one of 
the number, and who, the writer belierety 
has likewise made some proficiency in 
Hebrew learning. Fond of his pipe, you 
would often find him in his shop amidst 
clouds of smoke, and disputing upon 
theological subjects. He was warm aqd 
dogmatical, yet sometimes interteting and , 
intelligent. Not formed for mocH biisi*' 
ness, he was slow, with a considerable 
share of literary indolence and mdiffer* 
ence ; so that, in advancing life, he becama 
extremely poor; but in his appaarahoa 
always clean, decent, and respeclaUa. He 
however met with many friends, and towards 
the latter part of his life received the atten- 
tion of one or two eminent PreUtes in tha 
Church, whose names stand as much di»> 
tinguished for their virtues, at tbeir learn- 
ing and talents are eminently aiiddecidadly 
conspicuous. To patronise men of ta- 
lents and learning, is hononrable to the 
feelings of those who fill exalted statione ; 
and to assist the friends of Chrittiamty in 
distress, is no less praise-worthy In a 
Christian Bishop. He moved from New 
Inn-passage to HolywelUstreet ; firom 
thence to Chancery •lane, in which place 
he met with great difficulties, through tha 
purchase of a large stock at very enor- 
bitant prices. From this place be finally 
removed to Round-court, where he re- 
sided during the last twelve yean. Ha 
married a second wife, much younger than 
himself, by whom he bad a voung funily 
in hi« old age, and two of his children now 
survive. He is a striking proof, that a 
man of knowledge and of real attain- 
ments is not so likely to succeed in Bis 
profession as the mere tradesman, ac- 
quainted only with the arts of business, 
and who can pu^h his way throuj^ life. 
fearless and indifferent to every object 
but that of profit. 

Berkshire, — In his 63d year. Rev. Tho- 
mas Knapp, rector of Englefield. 

At Hare Hatch, Catherine, eldest dau, 
of Rev. P. NInd, late vicar of Wargrave. 

William, eldest son of Rev. Mr. Wh'ate* 
ly, of Cookham. 

Bucks. — At an advanced age, B. Hig- 
gins, esq. of Weston Underwood ; who has 
left property to nearly the amount of 
100.000/. 

Cambridgeshire. — At Parson Drove, 
near Wisbeach, aged 28, Mikfc Mary Anne 
Morel. 

At Parson Drove, near Wisbeach, (by 
drinking cold water 'at the village feast a 
few days preceding), aged 28, Mist Mary 

Anna 
6 



18\7.] Obituajy; mth Anecdotc.s of xemqrkable Persqiis. 89 



Anoe MofQton, a. beautiful and accom* 
plished young lady. 

DerbyildTe, — Whilst on a visit at 
' fil^v^ly, Cbarles Lewis, esq. of Bath. 

D&rs^t. — Rer. Charles Birch, formerly 

of Queeo's College, Oxford, M.A. 1773; 

rector of Chesilborne, Dorset, on the pre- 

iientation of Lord Rivers ; and prebendary 

' of Ciiichester Cathedral. 

Gloucestershire, At Horsley, Mrs. 

"Francis, relict of Rev. B. Francis, M^A. 

At Charlton Kings, in his 64th year, 
Peter Aplin, esq. admiral of tlie White. 

* He commenced his naval career at a very 

* earljTage, and served during the American 
war as a midshipman on board jthe Roe- 
bock, of 44 g<ans, commanded by Sir A. 
Hammond, bart. on that station, rie re- 
ceived his first promotion from the death 
of the first lieutenant of that ship whilst 
forcing a passage past the batteries of 

'Washington and Fort Lee. His subse- 

* quent conduct soon attracted the notice of 
Lord Howe, the commander in chief, who 
rapidly advanced him to tjie rank of post- 
captam, an'd appointed him to the Fowey, 
of £4 guns, which ship he was obliged 
eventually to destroy at York Tbwn, then 
besieged and blockaded by the French and 
Americai^S. His conduct in the batteries, 
where, with his crevr, he was appointed to 
comiQand, drew forth a warm eulogium 

'from Lord' Cornwallis, which induced the 
Admiralty to confirm him in his rank. He 
next commanded the Hector, of 74 guns, 
forming one of the fleet employed in the 
blockade of Cadiz under F.arl St. Vincent. 
During the time the fleet was refilling at 
Lisbon, advice was received of the Spanish 
fleet having escaped out of port, which 
■occasioned an order for every ship to get 
ready immediately for sea. The Hector 
at this conjuncture was the first ship man- 
bed, aud dropped down below Balem that 
night;, for which example and exertion 
Captain Aplin received a letter of thanks 
(through the medium of the then captain 
of the fleet, Sir R. Calder), from Lord St. 
Vincent. The latter years of his life were 
passed in the domestic circle of his family 
and friends. 

At Berkeley, W. L. Shrapnali, esq. 

At Bradley House, Richard Nelmes, 
esq. 

Hants. — At Newport, Isle of Wight, 
aged 80, Richard Clarke, esq. 

Rev. H. P. Ryves, curate of Lower 
Wallop. 

Staffordshire.— At Wolverhampton, Geo. 
Hoggart Toulmin, M.D. a physician at 
Wolverhampton, who, many years ago, 
contrived to excite some attention by a 
few sceptical publications, the object of 
which, if not directly atheistical, had a 
very near aflSnity to it. His publications 
are: — " Tlie Antiquity and Duration of 
the World, 17B0/' 8vo. " The Eternity 

GsMT. Mag. July^ 1^17. 

12 



of the World, 1785," 8vo. " The Instru- 
ments of Medicine, or the Philosophical 
Digest of Physick, 1789,>' 8vo. «* The 
Eternity of the Universe, 1789," 8'vo. 
"Elements o\ the Practice of Medicine, 
1810," 8vo. 

Suffolk. — E. Bridgman, esq. of Cobcy- 
Weston-hall. 

Surrey . ~- At Dorking, Jane, eldest dau. 
of the lale Rev. Ovyen Manning, vicar c>f 
Godalming, the learned and worthy author 
of " The History of Surrey." 

Worcestershire. — At Wick, in his 72i 
year, J. Ballard, esq. 

Yorkshire. — At the Banks near Shef- 
field, aged 85, Rev. Edward Godwin. 

Robert Ogden, esq. of Leeds, mer- 
chant. 

At St. Helier's, Jersey, the wife of Capt. 
Adamson, 8th veteran battalion. ' 

Wales. — Fn his 47(h year, Rev. J, 
Barnett, of Tregynnu, and vicar of Bet- 
tws, Montgomeryshire. 

Ireland. —-At Baiitry House, Lady 
Maria White, only daughter of the Earl 
of Bantry. 

At Elmgrove, co.' Meatli, aged 63, 
O. Browne, esq. 

Scotland. — At Edinburi;^h, Alexander 
Car,re, esq. of Caverse and Nisbet. 

Abroad. — At Marseilles, Hon. Robert 
St. John, son of Right Hon. Lord Bolin^- 
broke. 

At Hamburgh, at a very advanced age. 
Professor Ebt'ling, one of the most learned 
geographers of Germany, who continued 
the geographical works of Busching. 

At Paris, M. Suard, whose loss will be 
sensibly felt by Literature. — M. Suard 
had the great merit of preserving in their 
original purity the traditions of an age of 
which he had known all the great men. 
He wrote several good articles for the 
Encyclopedic, and published an excellent 
translation of our Robertson. 

At Bologna, to the great regret of her 
fellow-citizens, in her 58th year, the illus- 
triuus female, Madame ClolildeTambroni, 
pupil of Don Manuel Aponte. ' Profoundly 
versed in the study of Grecian literature, 
she was placed in her youth by the Ponti- 
fical Government among the Professors of 
the University of Bologna, a place which 
she has always liiainiained. Full of po- 
liteness, and exemplary in her morals, she 
was respected by every body who had the 
happiness to know her. A monument Is 
to be erected to her memory. 

At Cawnpore, Major E. Coote, of the 
14th regiment. 

In the Kast Indies, C. Grevilte, esq. of . 
the 17th dragoons. "' 

July 1. Aged 85, James Bradley, esq. 
of Wandsworth. 

At Hastings, Mrs. Clark, widow of the 
late Dr. Clark, of Newcastle, 

At Tormorton^ co. Gloucester, aged 70, 

Mr. 



00 Obituary; with Anecdotes of remarkable Persons. [Jaly^ 



Kr. W. Arnold; a kind hosband, an af- 
fectjooattt father, and a traly upright cha- 
racter. 

In a fit of apoplexy, Mr. Wilson, of 
Sotton in the Marsh, Lincolnshire. He 
was a very pennrions bachelor; and on 
being undressed after his decease, 1187(. 
was fonnd in cash and bank bills on his 
person. 

July 2. At Flint House, Greenwich, in 
ber 69th year, Mrs. Voase, of Aolaby near 
Hull, relict of the late John Voase, esq. 
of that place. 

p. N. De Visme, esq. of Nottiog-hill 
House, Kensington. 

At Evenqy Abbey, Glamorganshire, R. 
Turberiil, esq. — He was the eldest bro- 
ther of the late Sir Tliomas Picton ; and, 
like the rest of his family, entered into 
the army when very young. He was a 
brigade major at the siege of Gibraltar, 
where be distinguished himself npon many 
important occasions ; bat bis health be- 
ing much impaired, he was obliged to ire- 
tire from the service. He was descended 
by his mother's side from Sir Richard de 
Turbevill, one of William the Conqueror's 
twelTe Knights, who first founded the Ab- 
bey, where his posterity have continued 
during a period of so many centuries. 

July 3. At Leatherhead, in his 27th 
year, Charles, son of Joseph Burchell, esq. 

At Woolwich, Charles Biomenheben, 
esq. late of the Royal Military Academy. 

William Taylor, esq. for many years 
Chief Clerk in the SecreUry's Office, Dub- 
lin Castle. 

July 4. In Brunswick- place, Loaisa, 
wife of Rev. Brownlow V. Layard, rector 
of Uffington, Lincolnshire. 

At Oakley- place, near Windsor, in her 
85th year, Mrs. Mason. 

At Weymouth, Charles Buxton, jun. 
esq. of Pakenham, Norfolk. 

At Sand ford house, near Enstone, Oxon, 
Miss Taylor, sister of William Taylor, esq. 

At Oxoomb, Lincolnshire, Mr. W. 
Grant, grazier. He is supposed to have 
left property to the amount of 100.000/. 

In Dublin, aged 74, Mr. Oliver M*Caas- 
land, of Reilagh, co. Tyrone. 

July 5. A( Fincbley, in her I8h year, 
Sarah, eldest daughter of Rev. Ralph 
Worsley. 

At the Royal Military College, aged 
21, Catherine, daughter of Col. Butler, 
the Lieutenant-governor. 

At Leeds, iq his 6|0th yeac, William 
Westerman, esq. 

jMly 6. At Malrem, in his 88th year, 
much respected, the Rev. James St Uing- 
0eet. formerly Felbw of Mertou College, 
Oxford; M. A. 1754; senior prebendary 
of Worcester Cathedral, and vicar of St 
Martin's in that city 1772. This gentle- 
ipan and his family have long been con- 
nected with the See of Worcester. He 



was the son of James Stillingfleet, of I>oc. 
tors' Commons, registrar of the Diocese of 
Worcester; grandson of James Stilling- 
fleet, dean of Worcester ; and great graoa- 
son of Dr. Edward S. bishop of that See. 
He married, 1st, Katharine, dangbter of 
Herbert Mackworth, of the Gnoll, co. Gla- 
morgan, esq. by whom be had fonr sons 
and one daughter. His second wife was 
Elizabeth, daughter of William Hale, esq. 
of King's Wa'.den, Hert«, by whom he b'ad 
two daughters. Tto Sermons by this 
gentleman are in print, 1. ** Christian 
Ministry and Stewardship ;" preached be- 
fore the University of Oxford Jane 8, 
1760. 2. ** Unity of Faitb, Righteousness 
of Life, and C>hedience to tbe Civil Power 
(the means of preserving the peace of our 
Jerusalem) comn^ended ;" preached in the 
Cathedral Church at Worcester ou a Ge- 
neral Fast, Feb. 21, 1781. [See a copious 
Pedigree of the Stillingfleet fiiniily in 
Hutcbins's DorseUbire, 2d ediL vol. HI. 
p. 79.] 

Ag^ 72, Joshua Iremonger, esq. of 
Wherwell House, Hants. 

July 7. In London, Harriet, wife of 
Exupeiius Tumor, esq. of Challow Parlr, 
Wantage. 

At Kennington Oval, aged 57, S. Bres- 
iingham, esq. 

At Gravesend, in his 68th year, Katba- 
niel Gyles, esq. one of the teaicbera of 
the Customs at that port 35 years, having 
twice served chief Magistrate of that as- 
tient corporation, and seven years socoet- 
sively elected Justice of the same. 

At Ash Park, Hants, aged 77, William 
Dearsly, esq. 

Suddenly, Mr. John Allan, of Kelghley, 
Yorkshire, a celebrated mathemaiician. 

At Plymtree, Devonshire, Rer. Daniel 
Veysie, rector of that place, and late fel- 
low of Oriel College, Oxford. 

At Leamington, in bis 36th year, Johp 
Swaine, esq. of Hoi bom Bridge. 

July 8. In Great Cumberland-street, 
aged j68. Major-gen. John Wiseman. 

At Camden Town, aged 87, John Abra- 
ham, esq. 

In his 90tb year, Edward PiUnaa, esq. 
of Charlotte-street, Fitsroy- square. 

At East Sheen near Riehmondy agjed 
nine years, Hon. Charles Ramsay, second 
son of the Earl of Dalhousie. * 

At Cheltenham, in his 59th year, Tho- 
mas Dent, esq. formerly of Petersborgb, 
Virginia. 

Suddenly, Mr. George Hyde, of Wey- 
mouth, merchant. 

July 9. In Brunswick-square, in his 
53d year, W. Walker, esq. 

At Brighton, in her 87th year. Lady 
Anne Murray, sister to the late Earl of 
Mansfield. This benevolent character re- 
warded the fidelity of her servants in t^ 
most liberal manner, as tbe fbllowiog state- 
ment! 



1 ai7.] OHttuny; with Anecdotes qf remarkable Persom. 91 

esq, and third daughter of Sir T. CaT)e» 
bart of SUnford Hall, Leicestertbire. (See 
an account of her father and family ip the 
first part of oar present Vol nme, p. 94.) 

At Bath, in his 54th year, RL Hon. 
James 'Everard, ninth Lord Arundel of 
Wardour Castle, and Count of the Sacred 
Roman empire. His Lordship was son of 
Hon. James Everard Arundel of Ash- 
combe in the county of Wilts, and suc- 
ceeded his first cousin Henry, eighth Lord 
Araodel, in his titles, Dec. 4, 1808. He 
married first Hon. Mary Christina Arun- 
del, his consiu, eldest daughter of the late 
Lord Arundel, who died in 1804, by whom 
he had two sons and four surviving daugh- 
ters; secondly, he married Mary daughter 
of R. Burnet Jones, esq. by whom he haf 
two sons and a daughter. His Lordship 
is succeeded in his titles by his eldest socu 
James Everard Arundel, who married 
Mary the only daughter of the late Mftr- 
qnis of Buckingham. The high rank his 
Lordship held in society was adorned by 
the suavity of bis mannen and the inte- 
grity of bis character ; and consequently 
his loss will be long held in painful re^ 
membrauce by his frieuds, while to bis 
afflicted widow and family the loss mftit 
be esteemed irreparable. This amiable 
Nobleman had only attained his 54th year; 
still it may be said he lived to a good old 
age ; and those who shall imitate his^ vir- 
tue^ will have lived long, let them die at 
what age they may. 

July 15. At Ham, Surrey, in his 79th 
year, Joseph Bradney, esq. 

At Quendon, Esiex, aged 68, Mrs* Sarah 
Forster, widow of the late T. F. Forster, 
esq. of that place. 

At Torr, Devon, Capt George William- 
son, late of the East India Company's. 
Naval service. 

July 16. The wife of John Morgan, esq. 
of Lambeth Terrace. 

At Newmarket, aged 84, Peregrine 
Treeves, esq. — In the meridian of life be 
was the companion of royalty, and the wit 
of society. 

At Hollam, Somersetshire, aged 72, 
John Beagoe, esq. 

July 17. At Palmer's Green, Sonth- 
gate, Mrs. Hotbam, widow of the late Ge- 
neral Hotbam. 

At Buck land, Portsea, Capt. C. Mor- 
gan, R. N. late Assistant Agent of trans- 
ports at Portsmouth. 

At Brompton, in his 20th year, Mr. 
John Watson Davies, of Judd-street, son 
of the late J. Davies, esq. of Merchant 
Taylors' Hall. 

July 18. At Hampton Court, the wife of 
Joshua Smith Simmons Smith, esq. 

In Upper Gower- street, Mrs. Macken- 
zie, relict of Colin Mackenzie, esq. , 

At Clapham Common, in her 23<1 year, 
Louisa, fourth daughter of F-Fqwnes Lut- 

trell, 



of bequests will, shew: To her 
hDOsekeeper, who had been nearly thirty- 
three years in her service, she has given 
9500iL, and her wardrobe ', to her butler, 
who Had been 24 years, 1900/.; to her 
cook, who had been 19 years, 7001. j to 
her laoodreas, who had been 11 years, 
M)l. ; to her two housemaids, one of 
WIknb had been 18, and the other nine 
years, 600/. The residue of her Lady- 
ship's property will devolve on George 
Fmcb Hatton, esq. of Eastwell Park in 
Kent, who married her niece, and who Is 
app<^nted sole executor. 

Prances Au^sta, eldest surviving child , 
of J. Thornhill, esq. 

At Birmingham, Col. Conolly, formerly 
of the 18th or Royal Irish Regiment. 

Jk^ 10. In Uppier Brook-street, Ro- 
bert Steele, esq. Master in Chancery. 

At Brighton, ag^ 73, John Mills, esq. ' 

Joseph Hockley, sen. esq. of Guildford, 
Snrrey. 

In his 80th year, William Wheeler, 
esq. of Whaterford House, Worcestershire. 

At Down ton, Hants, in her 69Ui year», 
MraJ Franstone, widow of Mr. J. Fran- 
stone, and sister to the late Admiral Sir 
Roger Curtis, bart. G. C. B. 

•/tf/yll. At Birtles Hall, Cheshire, in 
her 19th year, Lastitia Catherine, wife of 
lUiliert Hibbert, jdn. esq. 

At Kihnersley Castle, Herefordshire, 
Leonard Parkinson, esq. late of the Islapd 
of Jamaica. 

July 12. At Tuobridge Wells, where 
she went for the recovery of her health, 
Mary Jane, youngest daughter of the late 
J. K. Escott, esq. of Oagar Hill, Surrey. 

At Kensington, Heory Kensington, esq. 
late of New Bridge-street. 

At Winchmore-hill, aged 70, Mrs. Anna 
Hall, widow of the late Abraham Hall, 
esq. of Aldermaubary. 

July 13. At Pimlico, Mrs. Guest, wife 
of Henry Guest, esq. 

At Stratford Parsonage, Rev. Thomas 
Cautley, rector of Stratford St Marj^ and 
Rdydon, Suffolk. ^ 

On the Continent, Jane Isabella Greene, 
youngest daughter of the late Dr. WiU 
liam Greene, of Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge. 

At Eglinton Castle, the Rt. Hon. Hugh ^ 
Ifontgomery, Earl of Eglinton. He suc- 
ceeded bis cousin as 12tb Earl of Eglin- 
ton in 1796 s and on Feb. 21, 1806, was 
created an English Peer by the title of 
Lord Ardrossao. He married Eleonora, 
daughter of John Hamilton, esq. of Bower- 
tree-hill, by whom he had a son Archi- 
bald, the present Earl, and other issue. 

July 14. At Chiswick, aged 34, Mrs. 
Lee, widow of the lale Capt* Lee of the 
17th regiment of foot. 

At Sheffield House, Kensington, Mrs. 
Eobjnson, widow of the late T. Kobinson, 



■ ' » ... 

92 Obituary i with Anecdotes of remarkable Persons. [July, 



Irell, esq. Commissioner of bis Majesty's 
Customs. 

In Pulteoey-street, Bath, in his 7 1st 
year, after a long and painful illness, 
Thos. March-Phillipps, esq. of Gaieiidon 
Park, Leicestershire, a gentleman very 
Tiighly and deservedly esteemed. He was 
the Fon of Thomas March of London, esq. 
byJane, third daughter of Edward Lisle 
of Crux Easton and Moyle's Court, Hants, 
esq. by Mary, daughter of Sir Ambrose 
Phillipps, King's Serjeant, 1686. He for- 
merly resided at More Critchell, co. Dor- 
set ; but in 1796 (on the death of Lady 
Gordon, the relict of Samuel Pljillipps of 
Garendon Park, who had bequtathcd to 
his maternal cousin Mr. March his larfi^e 
estates) he assumed the name of March- 
Phillipps, and removed to Garendon. Mr. 
Phillipps married his cousin Susan, daugh- 
ter of Charles Lisle, esq. who survives him, 
and by whom he had five sons and five 
daughters ; the eldest of whom, Charles, 
succeeds to his large estate^*. The se- 
cond son, Samuel Phillipps, esq. is a bar- 
rister in high reputation^ and recorder of 
Grantham. His third son, Edward Tbo- 
mas, is rector of Hathern, co. Leicester ; 
and the fourth, William, is also in holy 
orders. His youngest son, Henry-Cran- 
mer, is in the Royal Navy. His eldest 
daughter is the relict of the late Edward 
Dawson, of Long WhattQn, esq. ; and his 
second daughter, Sophia, is married to 
the Hon. and Rev. Henry Ryder, bishop of 
Gloucester.— Mr. Phillipps served the of- 
fice of High Sheriff for Leicestershire in 
1801. — **Tlie present mansion was built on 
the site of Garendon Abbey, and is supposed 
to have been erected about 150 years ; 
but considerable alterations were made in 
it, and the beautiful garden-front was 
erected, by Ambrose Phillipps, esq. about 
1736. He was a most accomplished gen- 
tleman, and travelled through France and 
all parts of Italy ; and was so remarkably 
beautiful in his person, that at Rome and 
Venice he was called ** The handsome 
Englishman." He ornamented the park 
^ith large plantations, and built the mag- 
nificent Gateway and the 'elegant Temple 
and Obelisk in the park. The garden 
front of the present mansion shews the 
great taste he had in architecture ; and 
was only designed as the second front to 
a most magnificent house he intended tp 
have built, bad he lived to have com- 
pleted it. He was chosen M. P. for Lei- 
Oestershire in 1727 and 1734; and dying 
unmarried, in 1737, was buried at Shepes- 
bead ; where an elegant Latin epitaph by 
Dr. Lisle is inscribed to his memory '^.^ 
— 

* Nichols's Leicestershire, vul. HI. p. 
802, where are given views of Garendon 
House, the Temple, Obelisk, &c. and a 
copious pedigree of the Pbilliffjis family. 



At Whitwell, Herts, Capt. William Fo- 
thergill, R. N. 

At Seaford, Sarah, relict of Sir George 
William Prescott, hart. She was daugh- 
ter of Beeston Long, esq. of Carsbalton, 
Surrey, and of Bishopsgate- street. 

July 19. In Somerset-street, PbrtDian« 
st)uare, suddenly, in his 7l8t year. Sir 
William Parsons, knt. one of ths Magis- 
trates belonging to the Public Office, Marl- 
borough-street, and Master of his Ma- 
jesty's Band of Musicians; to which lat- 
ter situation he was. appointed on the death 
of Stanley, the celebrated blind organist. 
His complaint was an apoplectic fit, sudden 
as it was unexpected, which attacked him 
about 5 o'clock in the morniog. His phy- 
sicians, Messrs. Tupman and Nevioton, 
were immediately sent for ; but, notwith- 
standing every assistance rendered, be 
expired about 7 o'clock. Sir William was 
a great favourite with the Royal Family, 
whom he had taught music. 

At Bath, Col. John Jaques, late of tb^ 
51st foot. — The Colonel served under 
General Murray at the memorable siege 
of Minorca, at which time the late Sir 
John Moore was a subaltern in bis (theo 
Capt. Jaques's) Company. 

At Bath, far advanced in years, Jobo 
Palmer, esq. formerly city architect, and 
one of the Commissioners of the Police for 
Walcot. 

July 20. At Epsom, in his 20th yea^, 
Mr. John Pbipps, late sixth mate of the 
Scaleby' Castle East Indiaman. 

At Caister, Norfolk, aged 29, Haun^, 
wife of Capt. Edward Hall, R. N. 

At Sandford, co. Oxford, id her .22d 
year, Elizabeth, third daughter of Re?. 
William Thorp, vicar of that place. 

July 21. In his- 22d year, T. Fielde, esq. 
student of Christ Church College, Oxford. 

At Reading, aged 75, Margaret, widow of 
Thomas frenham, esq. of Worcester. 

July 22. At the Rectory house, Itaver- 
ton, Somerset, in bis 49th year, Rer. Wil- 
liam Burland Keate. His death was. oc- 
casioned by a sudden apoplectic seizure. 
He held the rectory of Lavertou, with the 
donative of Orcbardleigh, Somerset, and 
Uie valuable rectory of Winfritb New- 
burgh, Dorset, 1 802. He was an orthodox 
divine, a scholar, and a gentleman. 

At Samuel Rolleston's, jun. esq. Co wet, 
aged 30, Rev. Matthew Rollesion, M. A. 
fellow of University College, Oxford. 

July 24. At the Hotwells, Walter Ken- ' 
nedy Craufuird^ M. D. formerly physician 
to the Bristol Dispensary. 

July 25. At Bath, aged 50, the wife of 
G. Nisbett Thompson, esq. of Gloucester, 
and Penton Lodge, Hants. She was a near 
relative of the Right Hon. N. Vansittart. 

July ... In Upper Seymour- street, Mrs. 
Frances Manners, daughter of the late 
Lord Wdliam Manners. 

Part 



1 S 1 7-1 W. RosseU, Esq.—R&a. William D'Oyly. 



9% 



Fftrt I. p» 5*73. a. f^lRyssell, esq. be- 
gan the world with a slender fortune ; bat 
lie poasesaed an uncommonly strong.' and 
metive maHi, and the most determined per- 
iCTaraiice, He embarked his fortune and 
lUB bopea ia a colliery^ which had already 
bMn the ruin of his predecessors, and 
which seemed to threaten every new spe- 
culator with destruction. But his ardent 
penereraace was otAy excited tp renewed 
cocrgy by fresh obstacles ; he at length 
€QiK|iiered every difficulty, and laid the 
fbvttdation of his future prosperity. I a 
the purchase of lands, be was peculiarly 
fBitnnate, by whi^h he realized great and 
solid advantages. The possession of im- 
urease weAlth, however, did not affect his 



condnet towards his (Hands, who were ai* 
f^ays acknowledged withkindDeii, and en- 
tertained with hospitality'; 'and mAiy of 
bis early acquaintance, who stood in need 
of assistance, have regularly receifad pas* 
sloni from his bounty, according to their 
wants and circumstances. To the pool', 
in the immediate^ vicniity of Brancepath 
in particular, he was ever a kind beoeki 
Ikctor. His charity, however, was dot 
indiscriminately applied« la periods df 
privation and distress, he increased the 
number of his labonrers, that he night 
give relief in the disguise of employment, 
which he ever considered as the best prae^ 
tical mode of bestowing charity.-— His son*! 
fortune is estimated at 80,000^. a year. 



MEMOIR of the Rev. 
*whose death is noticed in Vol 

He was horn in 1745, at Bergfa Apton. 
At the ege of four years his father re- 
moved to the village of. Hempnall, to the 
petfiaKMiy of bis wife, which has been the 
of the family ever since. At 
^ace he received tiie rudiments of a 
education, under Mr. Jeremiah 
flaesett« whose piety» benevolence, and 
"foed aeose, gained htm such reputation 
Hial at one time his school consisted of 50 
baarders, sons of the most respectable fa- 
milies around, amongst whom was no less a 
character than Edward I'huriow, after- 
wards Lord High Chancellor of £ngtaud. 
At fourteen years of age Mr. D*OyIy was 
placed with a general shopkeeper at Strat- 
too ; he afterwards was clerk to £dmund 
Elsden, esq. of Lynn, in whose office he 
remained about five years, where he con- 
ducted himself with such propriety, that 
the family, to the day of his death, shewed 
him marks of respect and esteem. From 
Lyua he removed to Tasburgh, where ht: 
aadertook a small mercani^e concern, 
which not answering his expectations, he 
shortly -relinquished. He at one time 
thought of embarking for the East Indies, 
and applied to his cousin, afterwards Sir 
Wm. Bensley, bart. a director of the com- 
pany, to further bis scheme, which he 
dropped in consequence of not meeting 
jrith the desired encourageoient. 

Haviug, whilst at Lynn, instructed him- 
self in the French and Latin tongues, he 
now turned his thoughts to the . church ; 
and the Rev. Dr. Cooper, minister of Yar- 
mouth, bearing of his determination, 
kindly lent him assistance in his literary 
pursuits ; as he did also at the samt^ time 
to the present Archdeacon Vince, profes- 
sor of astronomy in Cambridge. When a 
sufficiency of the learned languages was 
attained, he was entered of Corpus Christi 
College, Cambridge, and proceeded V> the 
degree of A. B. in 1778. On leaving the 



WILLUM D'OYLY, 
. LXXXIV. Part II. p. 194. . 

University be returned to his fatherls 
house at Hempnall, whence he served tb^ 
curacies of Gissmg and Burston for aboijt 
ien years, and afterwards^ those of StratUm 
St. Micbaielf Ploidon, and Hapton, till his 
death, which took place at a small estate 
he had purchased in the year 1790, in 
the village, of .Stratton. T^us the pfinci- 
jjwl occurrences of his life passed in suc- 
cession without ever qaeetiog with a friend 
to serve him in his profession, except the 
late Rev. F. Franklin, of Attlebargb j 
through whose kindness he held the vicars 
age of Watton for a few years. He ttaU 
made two attempts to obtain livings ; one 
was in the gift of his University, and from 
its insignificance he trusted he should 
have had no competitor; but ili the even- 
ing before the election, one (Mr. Seale) 
arose, that blasted his well-grounded ex- 
pectations. Disappointed, but not sub- 
clued, his next application was to the Lord 
Chancellor, on a supposition that the 
feelings of nature might operate in his 
favour, the Chancellor's father (the Rev. 
Thomas Thurlow) having lived some time, 
and having breathed his last, under the 
roof of his (Mr. D.'s) father. This plea, 
though urged with the greatest modetity, 
was treated with neglect and silence. In 
other concerns he was equally unfortu- 
nate : for having sold the reversion of 
part of an estate, he placed the sum in 
the hands of an acquaintance, who became 
bankrupt, and paid but a small dividend. 
By reanon of this misfortune his income 
never averaged much above 100/. a-year. 
Under such discouraging circumstances, 
he did not sink into apathy, but turned 
his mind to improvements for the public 
benefit in the vicinity of his resideiK:e. 
Having conceived a design of sloping the 
descent of a dangerous hill in the parish of 
Tasburgh, and having found his applica- 
tion to surveyors useless, Ifb resolved to 

raise 



9* Rca. William D'Oy\y.—Afeteorologicai Diary. [July. 



raise a subBcription far ihe purpoir ; s 
deiign ihougbt Tiiianir; indeed by tome 
temperate mioils. but aclually effeiiteil by 
him in tbe caurte of two or lhr<:e yearg, 
during which he-rai.Ed a fund of SOI. iu 
■iipeocei, ehilliBg:s, and halfucuaos, by 
iravening every lillngo I bat had any oon- 
nuiOQ vilh tbe road. A Turlher im- 
ptOTemeDl be next devited, by cfaangin^ 
the diiectba vS the turn pike- road, ub- 
vialiog thereby many a cctdeiiti tHatmigbt 



fully persevered i and, at the e»d of 
fiiur yearj, the agjregsile of hi» Ubonii 
■moutiied to about ihe (um of iMl. (now 
laid out ill Eu;hequet bilh), with tbe jira- 
Diitt uf 50i. in ailditiou wliinever tba 
linving eamiRiltPe aball be enabfed to iM 
about ED iieouiary * work. Ii may be 
asked, after luch uuceaiiDg t 



lid aftei 






u the I 



. iifNe-it 
t. by It 



■isiduiiy Bk in the former i 
icbeine vai upuu a larger sink, ami wliit 
would not have entered the miml peibapa 
of any pertoD but hiintelf. namely, the 
widening of a »tre«t caltid Biiijg'i-lan", in 
Nor»ieb, lb* principal Ihoruughfare from 
the London road iulu tbe Msiket-place, 
yet BO narrow tbat two carrisfftii cannot 
pssa mch utber Ihe corjitration had 
entertsined an idea of impoding a toll on 
all persons nileiing the city, in aid of the 



Meisri. Kelt'* I 



1 jouineyi, per- 

)f 61, on a imall poney, 

Bba» ]3.00[) milei, 

I be obtained. — None 



w but III 



Blifyj > 



r patinj 



Tbe 



■r fell 



eipeiioe of n 

■■might be auppoii 
tbiaux, and them: 
Mr. D. honever. d< 
mightmaterially beneGlthe town, by lei 
dering more commodiaut so conQiied 
■trcct, aiid he immediately delermined I 
let no fimi a •ubictiptiun, by bin o*ii pci 
*on>t application to the prindpil inhi 
bitantii of every vdlage within (went 

■ids. Thi 



tiifaetory rri 
tome good to potlerily, hii moil iatiowt* 
fr^endi can clearly prove. Hii cotulita- . 
tion, at no lime itroTig, and generally inp- 
ported by rule, began to link under luch 
inceuant fatigue wiibin a year pmiooi 
to Ills death; yrt lueh w*i Ihe vigour af 
hia mind, that he diichanted the dmiei of ■ 

)r tbe fins art*. 



> life. He 



ceptinn liia 



nd comlortlepa 
re attended, he 



and of na independent ipirit. UedMa 
bichelor, leaving a brother,- Mr. H: 
D'Oyly, a very worLby and moat rrtpeot. 
aUe inhabitant of Hempoall j ■ liitefj 
aincedead; and a nephew. Hit motbar** 
maiden name was Prench, wboae ancla 
»iis the chavlalo and friend of Sir Robcit 
WalpDle. Of her family, Ricbaid PrtMb; 
esq. and hia atin, Dr. Forruter, are Hp- ' 
poied to be now living in Derbyihire.-. 
He died at Long Stralloo, in IS14, afd. 



Mbteokological Table fur July, 1S17, 



H 


igblof FahrenbcifB Thenoumeter. 




y 


Ii 




%. 


Bnrom 


Weiitber 




Ii 


1 




in. pta 


July 1817. 




Jan 






1" 








ST 


63 


7* 


64 


'i9, SS 


ijiowery 




S3 


6:1 




S8 


.Ti 


lair 




99 


60 




63 


,B0 


ftii 




30 

Jul. 


6-1 
f,0 


GS 
60 


bi 
53 


,69 
,50 


rain 




57 


6R 


57 


,11^ 


fair 




5S 


66 


57 


■ ■" 


* 




S7 


64 


ii 








S9 




St 


*~" 




A7 


67 


55 


'T 


1 


61 


67 


5i 


^~ 




61 




61 




9 

1(1 


61 
6fl 


70 


60 


■'! 


" 


6* 


TV 


63 










t 95 1 
bILL or UORTALITY, fiwiii Jane84, toJaIySS.18n. 



Chmtenedk 


1 




Buried. 






.^ 2and 


5 153 1 


50 and 60 113 


Males - 88S ? ,g^- 


Males - 674 > 
Females 702 1 


\viA S ( ^^nA 10 61 
^^^^ 1 J 10 and 20 45 


60 ami 70 109 


70 and 80 88 


Whereof hmve died under ^ yean old 


400 1^20 and 30 102 


80 and 90 #7 




PQ #30 and 40 119 
V40and50 129 


90 and 100 10 


5ftit-d^ 1 . per bushel ; ^id, per pound. 


AVJBRAOK PRICES, of CORN 


, from the Returns ending July 19. 


INLAND COUNTIES. 


1 


MARITIME COUNTIES. 


Wheat 


Rye 


Barly 


Oats .Beans 


Wheat Rye BarlJ Oats Beaut 


s. d. 


<. d. 


i. d. 


«. d. 


t. 


d. 


t. d. 


«• d,\ i. 


d. 


s, d. 


r: A 


MiddUeMs 108 11 


58 


39 8 


36 


50 10 


Essex 79. 6 


51 


3e 


1 6 


31 6 


49 6 


Surray 103 


60 U 


43 6 


38 


49 


6 


Kent 96 


00 


41 


8 


34 


45 % 


Bcrtfbnl 69 


52 


37 


33 8 


48 





Sussex ISO 


00 


oo 


» 


00 


00 


BediMd 88 


52 


42 


35 6 


45 


10 


Suffolk 113 


00 


35 


i 6 


48 


46 4 


HttDungd 92 6 


00 


38 9 


32 10 


42 


6 


Camb. 91 11 


00 


3S 


' 


26 


45 10 


Nofftkftmp. 93 


00 


45 6 


37 


42 





Norfolk 109 5 


48 9 


41 


4 


29 10 


41 9 


Rtttimnd 8« 9 


00 


46 


34 


46 





Lincoln 90 9 


04 


40 


5 


31 8 


48 7 


Leicester 99 


00 


48 4 


43 


55 


6 


York 83 9 


61 4 


41 


4 


35 1 


48 9 


No^iiil^am 99 4 


78 


51 8 


38- 4 


59 


8 


Durham 79 3 


00 


00 


► 


40 


00 


Derby 98 6 


CO 


00 


41 10 


54 


4 


Northum. 85 


53 9 


49 


1 


47 6 


00 


Staioi^ 104 2 


00 


47 4 


44 8 


67 


3 


Cumberl. 68 9 


73 


61 


10 


44 6 


00 


Salop 104 3 


50 6 


49 S 


37 7 


00 





Westmor. 82 10 


76 


54 


4 


49 


00 


Henelbrd 110 11 


70 4 


58 8 


36 5 


51 


9 


Lancaster 88 6 


00 


58 


9 


45 8 


61 


Woreeiter 106 S 


do 


48 6 


34 1 


45 


10 


Chester 80 3 


00 


00 





41 10 


00 


Warwick 115 4 


00 


6^ 6 


40 8 


58 





Flint 110 2 


00 


50 


4 


39 10 


00 


ITilla 86 6 


00 


41 4 


36 8 


69 


8 


Denbigh 85 4 


00 


59 


4 


00 


00 


Berbt 94 11 


00 


39 3 


30 7 


46 


5 


Anglesea 68 


00 


60 


» 


40 


00 


Oxibnl 110 6 


00 


53 


41 9 


51 


6 


Camanr. 104 


00 


65 


> 4 


40 


(>0 


Bueha 99 


00 


42 


42 6 


00 





Merioneth 105 1 


00 


5fi 


\ 11 


41 2 


00 '0 


BrcooB 109 10 


73 6 


67 8 


40 


00 





Cardigan 112 


00 


56 


; 


24 


00 


MoBtgom. Ill 11 


00 


62 


35 9 


00 





Pembroke 91 7 


00 


55 


► 9 


00 


00 


Radnor 115 U 


00 


63 1 


58 6 


00 





Carmart. 118 4 


00 


44 


^ 3 


00 


00 






Glainorg. 106 


00 


6t 


) 


32 


00 






Gloucest. 112 


00 


4S 


) 8 


39 4 


45 






Somerset 122 6 


00 


41 


^ 9 


00 


62 


Areraee of England and Wales, per qaaiter.| 


Monm. 113 8 


00 


3S 


» 8 


00 


00 


100 0i61 5i49 5i37 3t50 


10 


Devon 120 6 


00 


61 


2 


00 


00 






Cornwall 99 4 


00 


36 


; 


34 10 


00 






Dorset 121 5 


00 


54 


, 6 


33 8 


00 
















Hants 107 10 


00 


38 


\ 


27 11 


45 5 



PRICE OF FLOUR, per Sack, July 28, 90*. to 95*. 

OATMEAL, per Boll- of 140Ibs. Avoirdupois, July 19, 45/. id. 

AVERAGE PRICE of SUGAR, July 23, 48«. 10^. per cwt. 

PRICE OF HOPS, IN THE BOROUGH MARKET, July 28 : 
KeutBags 12/. 0*. to 16/. 



5s, 



Sussex Pockets 13/. 13*. to 19/. 

t^ssex Ditto 15/. 0*. to 18/. 

Fambam Ditto OOL Os. to 25/. 



0*. 
0#. 
0*. 



Sussex Ditto 11/. lis. to 15/. 10*. 

Kent Pockets 14/. 0*. to 19/. 19^. 

AVERAGE PRICE OF HAY AND STRAW, July 28 : 
St James's, Hay 4/. 14*. 6d. Straw 1/. 19*.9rf. Clover 6/. Oi. 0</.- Whitechapel, Hay 5/. IO*.OdL 
Straw 2/. 0*. Od, — Clover 7/. 4*. Od— £>mithfield. Hay 51, 8*. Od. Straw 1/. 16^. U/. 

SMITHFIELD, July 28. To sink the Offal—per Stone of 8lbs. 



K^f 3*. 6d. to 4j; 6</, 

Ifytton ^«- 8rf. to 4*. 4rf. 

Veal 3*. 8rf. to 4*. 8rf. 

PQrIt 4*. Od* to 5*. Orf. 



Lamb As,Od. to 5*. Od, 

Head of Cattle at Market July 28 : 

Beasts 1,880. Calves 340. 

Sheep and Lambs 23,120. Pigs 220. 



COALS^ July 28 : Newcastle 35*. 9d, to 44*. 6d. Sunderland 38*. 9d. to 39*. 3d. 
TALLOW, per Stone, 8lb. St. James's 3*. 2rf. Clare Market 0*. Orf. Whitechapel 3*. 3d. 
SOAP, Yellow, 86*. Mottled 94*. Cord 98*. CANDLES, 10*. Orf. per Doz. Moulds 1 1*. 6rf. 



[ 



1 



THE AVERAGE PRICES of Natioablb C*>i*i Smaiu and other Paorurr, in 
July 1811 {to the 25th), at the Office of Mr. Scott, 28. New Bridge-«lr«t, Loodon.— 
Coventry Canal, 749A I9i.— DIt. 44/. per aanum.— Oxfurd, 463/. to 4951. 311. per 
auDum.— Grand Junction, 190/. ex Diridend, 3/. half year, I93f.— MnDDMiitb, 19^. 
CI Dividend 31. half rear.— CHd Union, 13/.— Kennet and Avon, SOI. — WilU and 
Berki, 5/. St.— Thamei and Serern, Bi. Si.— ^rand Weatem, 4/. 4;.— Wut India 
Dock. QOOi. ex UIt. SI. half year— London dido, 69/. ei Div. U lOi. half year- 
Royal Exchange Atiuiance, S32/. Div. 10/.>— Sun Fire dilto, SOBf. Dir, il. iOt— 
Albion, 42/.— Rwk, 3/. 8j.— East London Water- Works, 06/ — Grand Junction dilto, 
3;/. 34/.— (Jas Lighli, 2/. discount.— Provident Insiitution, 3/. premium, div. 7/. par 
cent.— Wateiloo Bridge Annaltlea 6/, at 65/. 11. do. 43/. 1U>. 

- " S S 3 g g £ S S £ o 5 « :; 5 c: E u S = 5 -E a. -J ij. o. *. « B - D»y' 



KieKl? «B«B 0» « B,OB«KIMU.= » MW^B 












S|SSjg|| 



s 


s 




- 


^ 


~ 


i 




;=. 


I 


i 


» 






*i^ 


6 




■^£ 






=^.= R 


1 






















] 












II 






II ^ 


i 








i' 


^ 












1 














.£ 


li^ 


i 






















1 
























PI 3 


9 




E gg 






3 
























fl^ 


1 












































I 




1 


ss 






1 






















■3 ■? 




■j^ ■$ ■;??? ????■?? 'Fli'5'5?? ?????|| 


S= £ SSSS SS3SS6 ESiE^SS 3:;s5 = „!« ■ 
?? ■? ■?■?'? ?????? ????■?■? ■?3?-S?fi 


i| ■; ■???? ?ij??? ?????? ???'5??i 


Prime 


J 


.y h 


,cuo 






ON 


>ud 


£ 


s 


T 


1 


, 


ed 


'C 




Pa 




r 


. Fl 


tt 


Si 




n. 


LMlddu. 



( 



IGENTLE MAN'S MAGAZINE; 




AUGUST, 1817 
CONTAINING 



MOT^iBg Cbrn 



iPilot- 
iPacket-Lond-Cbr. 

Albion..C.a.ron. 
, Cou ri«r — Globe 
' Eng. Chron.--liiq. 

Cour.d'Angleteti e 
iCoDc de LoDiires 

1 5otherB'aekl jp. 
ilTSunilaf'Paperi 

Bue&Ciy Police 
I Lit. ASt. monthly 

Bath 3 — Bnicol 5 

Benuck — BoatoD 
iBimuosham 3 

BlBckb. Brigbton 

Bni7St.E(lniiiiid'< 

Omb.— Chith. 

Carii.3— Chester 3 

Chelini. Cambria. 

Ind^xlodicaloriuii— MiiioiCorHnpoodcnceSa 
T»e BatODial Fimjiy of 
Sniylhe'a History of the Bffrkeley Family lUO 
Chtysoitam yind. fromMisrEpr 
Earlf History of English & Frei 
Carlisle Cith, School,. Rudiog on Coina^lOt 
Short Acconnt of Becdrs Church in Suffolk 105 
DeicriptionoFQuarTendon Chapel.... 106,1 U 
MudDmentillnicription on Sir Henry Lee 1(17 
COHriHDIUll OF COUKTV HiSTORV— Herli. lOg 
St.Gilei<ilntheFiHd>jBeU!yseMnnnmenll13 
, TbeShipiireckorSt.Puul and of Joaephuil 16 
ChaTRCterafthe late Count de St. Morya. 11-; 
J.A.ThDen'iSutr^ringsomonglheKBUdUDBllg 

On theOplnroni oFIhe Antinomiani 19:! 

Accoont ofiomeof IheFnrailyof L««reueel?6 
The Puniafamr>nt of the Slocks dcpreented. 127 

Queries relatiTe lo the Potir Lan, kc 1^3 

OfferofanlmproTeroeniinourAgricultoreias 
FimrLlliam Museuni.— The Lord's Prayer ISO 
Col. BarrevlDdicated.— KilligrewFimilv..l3] 
Letters on the Subject oF Juniui.... 131— 134.. 
Sir William Jonei lo^Eested to be Jdqjus. 13S 

On Cii%alatiDE Libraries for the Poor 134 

Library founded in the Toon of Bedford...lSS 

£robe1iished olth a Persprc<ire Vie* or 

and ■ Sketch of Ihe MonoiDenl 

Chorcb-yaid of SI, 



• 'imh.^-DoBciit 
iMrli. — Dorchest 
liu.hani — EMei 
■ i-.nelera.Glouc.S 
Halifax— HaotiS 
Hansford, Hull ; 
Hunlingd.-iten[4 

Leifi-B.?-*. Leeds S 
Lichfield. LiKerG 
Maidsi. Mancb.C 
NewcS,- NoRa.a 
Northaoipton 
Norfulk, Norwich 
KWaleaOxford 1 
Portspa- PoUery 
PresLon— Plym-a 
Reading— Salisb. 
Salop — Sbt^HeldS 

ShrcKsbniV 
Staff.- Slamf. 2 
Tauotoo— Tpie 
WaVeC.- -War*. 
Wolvcrh, Worc.B 
YQrk3,linr*iiD3T 



Scon 



d3«. 



Jersey 3. Quern. 3 
ntbUtD of J^mpulilicatian^. 

The Bishop oF Ely's Cliarje lo his Clergy. 137 

The Re», Archdeacon Law's Charge.. 139 

On the Ooctrinei oFlhe EvanseUcalCUT%y 141 
Peck's Topograpliicnl Account of Aiholme 144 
fitidgman's Hisluricnl Sketch of Knole.... 146 
Sermons by Ihe Rev. Charles Barker,B.0.U8 
The Lament of TsiSo, by Lord Byron.... 150 
Sonnets sod other Poems, by Miu SargantlAI 
Reasons for AmcndmeHt of Copyright Act 15d' 
■- — ' ..158 



Bibliogr.Decanieronl57iMaccarlhyLibra.lS9 

SaticT PoErsv, fur August 1BI7.... 160 

Si^tnincal Ctnnklt. 

Proceedings in thelaleSe!iionofParliim«oll6l 
AbMractofprincipal Foreign OccnrrenceL. 169 
C"uiitryNewsn3.--Doiiicstii!L>eenrTencesl75 
Tbeslrical Regitler, Promotions, Preferm. 177 
BitUiiand Marriages of eminent Persoaf.ns 

Memoir oFthe late Madame de Stael 179 

Cbiricler of late Dukeof NorthumbeHandlSl 
AccDuntnf the late ReT.T.Qoodinge.LL.D.183 
Ohiluary.uithAnccd.ofremR tkablePenoni 1 84 
Metrarologicml Diary fur August IBIT.,, 
Bill oFMarlality.— Prices ot'MmkeU, ko. \9\ 
Caiuil, &c. Shares. — Prices of lbs Stocks. I 
ibe Towna of Beccies Cho.ch, Sutfolkj 
of JiiriN Lord net,*5VBE in the 



By SYhV AN VS URBAN, Gkn: 



98 



INDEX INDlCATORIUS. 



Our Correspondent S. hat remarked a 
very singalar eircunostanct respecting; 
Ducal Mortality, which we subjoin in his 
own words. 

** DebttUur corpora Fato, ' Virg. 

*' The leveling scythe of Death has 
1)een very active in its sweep amonfc the 
Ducal Rank of the Peerage of this King- 
dom: no less than nint Dukes have 
yielded to < The KingofTerr6rs,' and 7%e 
Tirror of Kings, vrlthin the same number 
of years, as the following Obituary list 
shews, viz. Dukes of Portland, Devon* 
ri»ire, Grafton, Que^nsberry, Buccleuch, 
ScAlban's, Dorset, Norfolk, Marlbo- 
rough, and Northumberland. 
< Mors aqiMpede,' 
** Impartial Death regards not rank or 
state, [gate." 

Knocks it the Cottage and the Palace 

T. W. requests us to admit an extract 
from a Daily Paper on an interesting sub- 
ject. It is, as he observes, MuHum in 
parvo, *' Simplify our ideas respecting 
the management of the Poor to a general 
Reformation of Manners, and a more 
strict morality, like our Northern neigh- 
bours, and the business is accomplished." 
—The administration of the Poor Laws 
must be local, and founded on the per- 
sonal knowledge of situation and charac- 
ter. On an average, in England and 
Wale^ each parish contains 3,497 acres 
and 946 persons : in Scotland, S0,S6B 
acres .and 3,025 persons; that is, six 
times as extensive, and twice as populous. 
The causes why the Poor are less bur- 
thensome in Scotland are: 1. Every 
Parish has a resident Clergyman: 2. 
Every Parish ha^ a School under his in- 
spection: S. The distribution to the 
Poor is in the Clergyman, Elders, and 
principal Landholders : 4. In must Pa- 
rishes there is no legal assessment, but 
the funds are supplied by weekly contri- 
butions at the Church door. These 
united operations, and other local causes, 
have proiduced a state of manners ex- 
tremely adverse to the increase of pau- 
parism. Crimes are four times less fre- 
quent in Scotland than in England. 
Family affections are stronger, and cause 
greater exertions to prevent a man's be« 
coming a burthen. Shame and dis- 
grace are stronger* and more deeply felt. 
Habits of ceconomy are more get^eral ; 
and, if a man is disposed to the contrary, 
the vigilant inspection an4 cbntroul ex- 
ercised by the Heads of the parish recalls 
the man back t6 duty. Labouring classes 
also avail themselves of high wages, to 
better their condition; they then can 
meet a fall with something to spar^. To 
encourage the prudent habits is the 
superintending care of a pubjic body, 
the Kirk SessioiJU 



A' VERY OLD CORRESPONDEMT COmmU- 

nicates a method of making Ink whioh 
will never become mouldy, without using 
any other than the common ingredients. 
— " It occurred to me that the mould 
could proceed from the vegetable ones 
only ; I therefore put an ounce of clean 
gum Arabic into a jug, with a quart, 
Winchester measure, of a clear infusion 
of galls, made with rain water and three 
ounces of galls well pounded ; and placed 
the Jug in a cellar, and covered it loosely 
with paper. I stirred the liquor two or 
three times a day, for several days, that 
the gum might be perfectly dissolved. 
The mould began to form upon the sur- 
face in S4 days : ten days afterwards I 
removed it. Several more portions of 
mould formed, which I took off ocoa- 
sionally, during three months, when the 
liquor became perfectly purified ; I thea 
added an ounce of pounded copperas. 
When the mould first began to form, I 
removed the jug into the shady part of 
a room where there was no fire." 

Wm. p. notices the following passage 
in " Verstegan's Restitution," whica 
he does not recollect to have seen quoted 
by any of the Editors of Shakspeare: 
* Bkeakspear, Shakspear, and the like, 
have' been sirnames imposed upon the 
first bearers of them for valour and feates 
of armes.'— The date of f^erstegan'g 
Epistle to the English Nation is as foU 
lows : " From Antwerpe this 7th Febm- 
arie stilo nouo, 1605.'' And as Shak. 
speare must have been in high reputa- 
tion at that time, it may be presumed 
that in a book, professedly critical, some 
regard was paid to the true orthog^pfay 
of his name, and so far the quotatioa 
may be considered as an authority for 
the.rejected e in the middle of the name. 

Mr. A. Barlacs observes, that be can- 
see no cause to donbt the authenticity 
of the Portrait attached to the early 
folio edition of Shakespear ; particularly 
when the friend and companion of the 
Bard has, by the lines underneath, paid 
so high a compliment to the likeness*— 
It astonishes him that the various un- 
authenticated Portraits should find so 
many persons giving their sanction with- 
out one single fact to bear them out.-^ 
He has every reason to think the last 
one of this class presented to the pub- 
lick, although engraved by the highly re- 
spectal^le Mr. Sharp, which gives it valne^ 
is more doubtful than any of the others* 

We should be glad to hear again from 
Viator. — The communications of B. s 
Cleric us Leicestrensis ; Mr. Cartxr t 
ATravbllerj R.U.; D.P.; andR.S.£. 
are unavoidably deferred till our next. 
Erratum. 

P: 1054 b. 1. 7, n " aggwagUa 11 mei^.*' 



C 9* } 



THE qENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE, 

For A XJ GUST, ]8ir; 



— *» 



Wlh 



Hr. Ubbait, Augu$t S. 

YOUR Magazine is now in the 
87 th year of its' age — an age at 
which no other periodical publication 
in Earope, |>robabIj, has ever ar- 
f i?ed* In this long period it has, in 
the usual tide of human affiiirs, occi- 
•tonally Taried the shades of its cha- 
racter, but has, nevertheless, oot 
materially changed from its. first 
traits; and has been distiuguiihed for 
its historical rather than its scientific 
bias. Its Obituary is alone a treasore 
ii personal memoriab, which can 
fear no rivalry. Its Poetical depart- 
ment opened the channel for a dis- 
eny of the first efforts of genius of 
rs. Elizabeth Carter, Dr. Akenside, 
William CoUios, Joseph Warton, Dr. 
Johnson, and many others. 

But there is no benefit which It 
more frequently affords, than as a re- 
ceptacle for registering many minutias, 
which from their want of bulk might ' 
otherwise perish. For my own part, 
hating little method in preserving 
those scraps which a life of literary 
enriosily is continually presenting to 
tee, I am apt to scatter about, like 
Sibylline leaves, the major part of that 
-which I find occasion to write down. 
Now and then your pt^es tempt me 
to register fragments ormy notations. 

I should say that there is scarce any 
subject about which the pnblick cares 
less than the history of Families, were 
it not that this has, for many years, 
formed a favourite topick of your po- 
pular Miscellany. I must confess that 
with regard to common epitaphs and 
topography, not distinguished by emi- 
nence either public or private, yon 
are sometimes a little too indulgent. 
But of those whose high station has 
brought them into contact with the 
world, and whose functions have given 
them an opportunity of taking a part 
IB public affairs, the prosperity or 
decay can neither be uninstructive 
nor uninteresting. I take this oppor- 
tndty, therefore, of reeording in 



your pages a few notices of the exil 
of a Baronial ftimily now little re^ 
membered. 

<< Sir William Eare (or Svre), ereati4 
Ix>rd Enre, was sooeeeded hy bis grand- 
son William Lord Baie, who died 15J|8» 
leaving issue liy liis wife, Margaret Dy>* 
moke, three sons. 

1. Rahpb, third Lord Eore. 

% Sir Francis Eure, of whom pre8en%» 
as ancestor to tlie two last Lords Earsw * 

3. William Eure, of Bradley, co. Dnr* 
ham, 84 years old in 1&93, who hy Kt; 
therine Bowes left issne William Eotfe^ 
of Elvet, wlio lived in the suburbs 4^ 
Durham, and bv Katberine, daugbtW 
of Peter Forcer, left issue Peter his on^ 
son, living 1666. 

Ilalph, third Lord Eare, left issue, hf 
Mary Dawney,. 

William, fourth Lord Eure, 1618» 
set. 14 at his graDdfather's death, who 
by Lucy, daughter of Sir Andrew Nod^ 
had issue 

Ralph Eure, who died before his fa- 
ther, leaving issue, by Catherine Arundel, 

William, who succeeded his grand- 
father as fifth Lord Eure, and died un* 
married $ wb^ the title devolved on hia 
cousin George Eure, grandson of hit 
great great uncle, Sir Francis Eure. 
. Sir Francis Eure, already mentioned 
(second son of William Eure, who died 
1593)f was a justice of North Wales. 
Married ^f<, Elizabeth, daughter, of 
John Leonard, of Knowle in Kent^ \rf 
whom he had issue, • 

1. William Eure, ob.s. p. 17S0. 

S. Horatio, of whom presently. 

3. Sir Sampson, of Gray's-inn, jc^ 
jeant at law, who by Martha, daughter 
of Anthony Cage, of Stowe, in Cam* 
bridgeshire, had John Eure, his only 
son, who married Susan, daughter of 
Sir John Tracy, of Staunton, Norfolk, 
knt.S6 Sept. 1661. 

Sir Francis married, secondly, Helen, 
daughter of Morris, relict of Owen, by 
whom he had 

4. Compton Eure, living 1660. 
Horatio Eure, eldest surviving son of 

Sir Francis, married Deborah, (bughler 

and coheir of Brett, of Romney, 

Kent| by whom be ha<f four sonst 

1 . ^concis 

• • •• :•• :-N 



: •« • 



98 



INDEX INDiCATORlUS. 



Our Correspondent S. hat remarked a 
very 8in|j;ular (iircumstanct respecting 
Ducal Mortality, which we subjoin in his 
own words. 

** DebMiur corpora Fato, Virg. 

" The lereling scythe of Death has 
heen very active in its sweep amonfc the 
X>ucal Rank of the Peerage of this King- 
dom: no less than mnM Dukes have 
yielded to 'The Kingof Terrors/ aqd7%« 
Terror of Kings, within the same number 
of years, as the following Obituary list 
shews, viz. Dukes of Portland, Devon* 
^ire, Grafton, Que^nsberry, Buccleuch, 
St. Alban's, Dorset, Norfolk, Marlbo- 
rough^ and Northumberland. 
* Mors tequopede,' 
^ Impartial Death regards not rank or 
state, [gate." 

Knocks ^t the Cottage and the Palace 

T. W. requests us to admit an extract 
from a Daily Paper on an interesting sub- 
ject. It is, as he observes, MuUum in 
parvo, " Simplify our ideas respecting 
the management of the Poor to a general 
Reformation of Manners, and a more 
strict morality, like our Northern neigh- 
bours, and the business is accomplished." 
—The administration of the Poor Laws 
must be local, and founded on the per- 
sonal knowledge of situation and charac- 
ter. On an average, in England and 
Wales, each parish contains 3,497 acres 
and 946 persons : in Scotland, 20,S6B 
acres .and 3,025 persons; that' is, six 
times as extensive, and twice as populous. 
The causes why the Poor are less bur- 
theusome in Scotland are: 1. Every 
Parish has a resident Clergyman: 2. 
Every Parish ha^ a School under his in- 
spection: S. The distribution to the 
Poor is in the Clergyman, Elders, and 
principal Landholders : 4. In must Pa^ 
rtshes there is no legal assessment, but 
the funds are supplied by weekly contri- 
butions at the Church door. These 
united operations, and other local causes, 
have proiduced a state of manners ex- 
tremely adverse to the increase of pau- 
perism. Crimes are four times less fre- 
C|uent in Scotland than in England. 
Family affections are stronger, .and cause 
greater exertions to prevent a man's be« 
coming a burthen. Shame and dis- 
grace are stronger* and more deeply felt. 
Habits of Qsconomy are more getieraJ ; 
and, if a man is disposed to the contrary, 
the vigilant inspection an^ cbntroul ex- 
ercised by the Heads of the parish recalls 
the man back to duty. Labouring classes 
also avail themselves of high wages, to 
better their condition; they then can 
meet a fall with something to spar^. To 
encourage the prudent habits is the 
superintending care of a public body, 
the Kirk Sessioif, 



A' VERY OLD Correspondent eommu* 
nicates a method of making Ink which 
will never become mouldy, without using 
any other than the common ingredients* 
— " It occurred to me that the mould 
could proceed from the vegetable ones 
only ; I therefore put an ounce of clean 
gum Arabic into a jug, with a quart, 
Winchester measure, of a clear infusion 
of galls, made with rain water and three 
ounces of galls well- pounded ; and placed 
the jug in a cellar, and covered it loosely 
with paper. I stirred the liquor two os 
three times a day, for several days, that 
the gum might be perfectly dissolved. 
The mould began to form upon the sur- 
face in 24 days : ten days afterwards I 
removed it. Several more portions of 
mould formed, which I took off occa- 
sionally, during three months, when the 
liquor became peifectly purified ; I tfaea 
added an ounce of pounded copperas. 
When the mould first began to form, I 
removed the jug into the shady part of 
a room where there was no fire." 

Wm. P. notices the following passM; 
in " Verstegan's Restitution," whica 
he does not recollect to have seen quoted 
by any of the Editors of Shakspeare: 
* BftEAKSPEAR, Shakspear, and the like» 
have' been sirnames imposed upon the 
first bearers of them for valour and feates 
of armes.' — The date of Verstegan's 
Epistle to the English Nation is as foU 
lows : «* From Antwerpe this 7th Febra- 
arie stilo nouo, 1605," And as Shak- 
speare must have been in high reputa- 
tion at that time, it may be presumed 
that in a book, professedly critical, some 
regard was paid to the true orthography 
of his name, and so far the quotatioa 
may be considered as an authority for 
the.rejected e in the middle of the name. 

Mr. A. Barlacb observes, that he caa- 
see no cause to doiibt the authenticity 
of the Portrait attached to the early 
folio edition of Shakespear } particularly 
when the friend and companion of the 
Bard has, by the lines underneath, p«id 
so high a compliment to the likeness.— 
It astonishes him that the various un« 
authenticated Portraits should find so 
many persons giving their sanction with- 
out one single fact to bear them out.-*- 
He has every reason to think the last 
one of this class presented to the pub- 
lick, although engraved by the highly r«- 
spectal^le Mr. Sharp, which gives it valuer 
is more doubtful than any of the others* 

We should be glad to hear again from 
Viator. — The communications of B. ; 
Clericus Leicestrensis ; Mr. Cartsr| 
A Traveller ; R. U. ; D. P. ; and R. S. E. 
are unavoidably deferred till our next. 
Erratum. 

P. 1054 b. I. 7, r, " aggtiaglia 11 meii*^.*' 



[ 9^ } 



THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE, 

For AUGUST, i8ir; 



s*^ 



mm 



Hr. VvLBATi, Auguit S. 

YOUR Magazine is now in the 
87 th year of its' age — an age at 
which no other periodical publication 
in Europe, |>robabIy, has ever ar- 
f i?ed* In this long period it has, in 
the usual tide of human affairs, occa- 
•ionally Taried the shades of its cha- 
racter, but has, nevertheless, not 
materially changed from its. first 
traits; and has been distiuguiihed for 
its historical rather than its scientific 
bias. Its Obituary is alone a treasure 
£f personal memoriab, which can 
fear no rivalry. Its Poetical depart- 
ment opened the channel for a dis- 
eny of the first efforts of genius of 
rs. Elizabeth Carter, Dr, Akenstde» 
William Collins, Joseph Warton, Dr. 
Johnson, and many others. 

But there is no benefit which it 
more frequently affords, than as a re- 
ceptacle for registering many minutias, 
which from their want of bulk might ' 
otherwise perish. For my own part, 
hating little method in preserving 
those scraps which a life of literary 
Cnriosily is continually presenting to 
tiie, I am apt to scatter about, like 
Sibvlline leaves, the major part of that 
-which I find occasion to write down. 
Now and then your pt^es tempt me 
to register fragments ormy notations. 

I should say that there is scarce any 
subject about which the publick cares 
less than the history of Families, were 
it not that this has, for many years, 
formed a favourite topick of your po- 
pular Miscellany. I must confess that 
with regard to common epitaphs and 
topography, not distinguished by emi- 
nence either public or private, you 
are sometimes a little too indulgent. 
But of those whose high station has 
brought them into contact with the 
world, and whose functions have given 
them an opportunity of taking a part 
in public affairs, the prosperity or 
decay can neither be uninstructive 
nor uninteresting. I take this oppor- 
tonity, therefore, of reoordinf in 



your pages a few notket of the exil 
of a Baronial fmiij now little re^ 
membered. 

» Sir William Eare (or Svre), ereatei 
Lord Enre, was soeeeeded by bis grand- 
son WiUiam Lord Eon, who died IW9 
leaving issue by bis wife, Margaret Vf* 
moke, three sons. 

1. Rahph, third Lofd Enre. 

9, Sir Francis Eure, of whom preseiit^^ 
as ancestor to the two last Lords Enrt. * 

3. WiUiam Eore^ of Bradley, co. Dnr* 
ham, 84 years old in 1&93, w}io by Kft* 
therine Bowes left issue William EuAr, 
of Elvet, who lived in the su^b^rbs of 
Durham, and bv Katberine, daugbtW 
of Peter Forcer, left issue Peter his only 
son, living 1666. 

Ilalph, third Lord Eure, left issue, fagr 
Mary Dawney,. 

William, fourth Lord Eure, 1618, 
set. 14 at his graDdfather's death, who 
by Lucy, daughter of Sir Andrew Nod^ 
had issue 

Ralph Eure, who died before his fa- 
ther, leaving issue, by Catherine Arundel, 

William, who succeeded his grand- 
father as fifth Lord Eure, and died un- 
married ; wb^ the title devolved on hia 
cousin George Eure, grandson of his 
great great uncle, Sir Francis Eok. 
. Sir Francis Eure, already mentioned 
(second son of William Eure, who died 
1593), was a justice of North Wales. 
Married ^f<, Elizabeth, daughter of 
John Leonard, of Knowle in Kent, by 
whom he had issue, • 

1. William Eure, ob. s. p. 17S0. 

S. Horatio, of whom presently. 

3. Sir Sampson, of Gray's-inn, jser- 
jeant at law, who by Martha, daughter 
of Anthony Cage, of Stowe, in Cam* 
bridgeshire, had John Eure, his only 
son, who married Susan, daughter of 
Sir John Tracy, of Staunton, Norfolk, 
knt.S6 Sept. 1661. 

Sir Francis married, secondly, Helen, 
daughter of Morris, relict of Owen, by 
whom be bad 

4. Compton Eure, living 1660. 
Horatio Eure, eldest surviving son ol 

Sir Francis, married Deborah, (bughier 

and coheir of Brett, of Romney, 

Kent| by whom he ha<f four sonst 

1 . Francis 

• • •• :•• '^ 

• ' • # ^ • • '/ • 

• • • • . . * . 



100 Baronial Faviily of Eure. — Devereux Family. [Aug. 



1. Francis Eure, ob. s. p. 

2. George, who succeeded to the Ba- 
roDy. 

8. Sampson Eure, a draper in Cheap- 
side, died unmarried. 

4. Ralph, succeeded his brother. 

George Eure succeeded his cousin 
William as sixth Lord Eure, and died 
unmarried. 

Ralph, living 1693, succeeded his 
brother George as seventh Lord Eure. 
He was of Esseby, co. York. He lodged 
at a seed-shop in Holborn. He was a 
woollen- draper in London, and died 
s. p. — HaW. MSS. Brit. Mas, 5808, a 
^f9ok in the hand of Peter Le Neve" 

Thus frequeDtly end the most an- 
tient and illustrious families. But 
ivoe betide their rights of ioheritauce, 
if the blot of obscurity or degrada- 
tion can be brought to bear on any 
technical or other scruple, which the 
ingenuity of malice, or en? y, or cor- 
ruption, can raise. 

' The same MS. has furnished me 
vith one or two additions to the De- 
vereux pedigree, not recorded by 
Collins, or his late Editor, which I 
take this opportunity of registering. 

** Sir George Devereux, of Sheldon Hall, 
Warwifkshire, grandfather of Price, 
ninth Viscount Hereford, 1701, was 
father of Walter Devereux, second son, 
of Colshill, Warwickshire, who by Mary, 
daughter of James Bit ton, D. D. (See 
Dugd. Vis. Salop, 53.) had issue, 

\, George Devereux, living in Moor- 
f^elds, London, who by Anne, daughter 
of Bryan Janson, of Davcntry, had, 1. 
George Devereux, young 1710; 2. Wil- 
liam Devereux, young 1710. 

2. James Devereux, of the New Ex- 
change, millinery living 1710, who by 
Izard, daughter of Anthony Farington, 
of the Exchange, and of Battenhurst in 
Lingfield, Surrey, bad three sons and 
two daughters: 1. James Devereux, 21 
years old in 1710. 2. Essex Devereux, 
15 years old 1710. 3. Farington, 5 
years old. 4. Fri^nces, young. 5. Mary, 
young. 

3. Arden Devereux, died s. p. 

4. Samuel Devereux, of . . . . , mar- 
ried Mary, daughter of Jordan, 

of Warwick, and had issue Mary, mar- 
ried to Lloyd, living in Virginia, 

and Anne, wife of Hill, stocking- 
seller in the New Exchange. 

5. " Robert Devereux, 'living at Cols- 
bill, CO. Warwick, 1710, who bad issue- 
1. George, 2. Robert, 3. Elizabeth, wife 
of '— Smith of Colshill, co. Warwick." 

It is mortifyinjj^ to contemplate the 
bloofl pf so many Kings and Nobles 



thus fallen into the mean occupattoa 
of retail traders — of milliners, and 
slocking- sellers, and drapers. But it 
teaches, perhaps, a wholesome les- 
son. It warns us against putting too 
much confidence in our alliances and 
connexions. It shews how weak are 
the ties of brotherhood and kindred ; 
and bow soon the pride of mutual 
protection to the branches of the 
same tree decays, and is lost. It is 
thus, perhaps, that those of most ob- 
scure birth generally display the 
greatest energy of character. They 
know from their childhood, that it 
is self-exertion atone to which they 
mutit trust. The false prospect of 
family aid leads the well-descended 
to indolence, disappointment, despair, 
and ruin ! 

It would be easy to pursue these 

reflections to some length ; but I dare 

not any longer intrude on your pages. 

A Genealogical Anecdote Ilunler, 

Extracts from Smythe^s " History of 
the Berkeley Family ;" continued 
from Vol. LXXXVI. ii. 212. 

William Marquis Bebheley. 
The Application and Use of his Life. 

FIRST, from the foule life of this 
Lord may be drawn many fair 
instructions for his pos-terity ; as, first. 
To begin with God in our youth, that 
our ekier years may relish him the 
better. The proverb is wicked, A 
young Saint an old Devil: for Quod 
nova testa capita inveterata sapii. 
All vessels taste of their first season- 
ings: Soon crooks the tree, that a 
good cambril will be: Seldome doth 
that man end well that began ill: .He 
that walketh mad a mile, seldom 
comes home wise: as in this Lord, 
whose illrled life in his youth grew 
worse in age. A mau that from the 
font to the grave, from his swathing 
bonds to his winding-sheet, walked 
always biaswise. 

Secondly: Not to dip thetip of their 
finger in blood, lest the whole body 
be defiled, as here we see it. Marga- 
ret, CoMntess of Shrewsbury, lawlessly 
pouring out the blood of the Lady 
Isabel, this Lord's mother, had the 
same measure returned upon the head 
of her grandchild and heir, the Lord 
Viscouni Lisle, by this Lord William, 
son and heir of that Lady Isabel ; and 
the cry of blood in both so prevailed 
with God, that, (^gainst hope and like- 
lihoody they left no issue to posteilty. 

And 



1817.5 ftnytbe'8 <* Hisiiny tf the B^keley Ftmay:^ 1 1 



iC if to ha noted that, howsoeter 

fact nay Hk honor and repata* 

teem Jliitifiable» yet e?iI-aoing 

lefer attended ^ith HI 8acceM;;for 

family leeth that this their an- 

»ry who made another childleu; 

. by the retnrDiBg hand of Hea? eo, 

own children inortly after taken 

the earth, and the bodiei of 

and hit wife dried op in bar- 

• 

Thirdly: .Not to daub up oor titlet 

this mortar of Tiolence and blood, 

thit Lord did, which, nolwilhttand- 

all art uied in the t moothing, yet 

er left tbaking till it dittolv^ and 

iill about the workmen*! ears i yea, 

from the potterily of all thit 

'f brethren alto, for that their 

prtMkiag haudi were imbrued in the 

nme baton, the stain whereof remain- 

dl till foar generationt did wash it 

Mt; aa in the life of Henry Lord 

Berkeley aippeart. 

Fourthly : That it it not much hat- 
Jij^ that naintaineth a family in a 
pCatifol eatate, or maketb rich (for 
Mae of thit Lord't ancestors had so 
loch at he), but a provident saving^, 
mi a wise husbanding of what ,we 
hve, which this vast Lord neglect- 
iig, scarce found sufficient for his 
liter years, and left nothing to pos- 
( terity, tave a thriftless precedent, 
which if they seriously view, this ex- 
imple in their own meridian of this 
ttaadvised, prodigal roan, may serve 
ai a reclaimer from inordinate prodi- 
nlitj, and be a persuader to discreet 
iragality, the true conserver of state 
ud families. 

Fifthly : Not to transgress that 
moral duty required by God and Na- 
tare, our obedience to our parents ; a 
commandment which this Lord for 
many years grossly transgressed, and 
iped thereafter. 

Sixthly : Not to make our malice 

Of displeasure immortal towards any, 

bat least of all to our brethren and 

allies; an offence of this Lord's, which 

I pray the Heavens may blot out 

from the remembrance of men, and 

oerer be again beheld in Uiis family. 

Seveathly: Not to be too popular 

I or ambitious ; for men's titles ace but 

men's breath, a blast of air and wind i 

if popular titles, the wind of a vulgar 

I pair of bellows; if of a higher strain, 

I tJie wind of a gilt pair of bellows. So 

all bat wind} twell all thon canst, 

thoQ art but a shadow: take the wall 

of the Godt if thou wilt : all thy 



glory is but vanity; and under thy 
name (Man) are comprehended all the 
vanities and miseries of this worlds 
** Quemcunque miserura viderit, ho* 
minem scias." (Seneca.) 

Eighthly : Sith goodness and great- 
ness are the true ends whereto* each 
Aian intends, and, according to that 
choiee of being good or great, each 
man doth frame the practice of hit 
life: Sith this Lord, choosing 'great* 
nets, did nothing benefit himselr, but 
hurt his posterity, I wish hit present 
heir may, by this error of his ances* 
tor, alter that choice; and surely, by 
beinff good, he will be great alto, . 
and better speed with God and man. 

Againe: It is not the least of wit^ 
dom*s meditations for this Lord's po»- 
terity to consider, bow this gtekt 
Lord and Ancestor of theirt wat be^ 
fooled or flattered out of his ettate| 
or soffered himself so to be ; and to 
observe the miserable fate of Princei, 
and great personages, to be eaten up, 
and their posterity also, by flatterert; 
the crueflest of all beasts; beasts that 
bite smiling : whereas wise men are 
never much affected with the ap- 
plauses of the rude and unskilful vuU % 
gar, but hold fast to their own well- 
chosen and well - fixed resolutions. 
Every fool knows what is wont to be 
done ; but what is best to he done is 
known only to the wise. The' wiser 
the man, the less he v^iil look after 
the Tain and popular multitude. 

Lastly : By the death of this Mar- 
quis's children, and his dying issue- 
less, his posterity may conceive that 
he paid thereby the debt of blood, 
which himself had shed ; a crying sin, 
which I pray may never howl, in the 
generation of this family: and take hit 
character from this, that he was much 
trusted, and received like honours 
and favours from those four Kings, 
Henry VI. Edward IV. Richard III. 
and Henry VII.; as opposite and dis- 
cording amongst themselves as man 
might be to man, and yet this Lord 
held unsuspected by each of them; 
but, whether with this serpentine pru- 
dence he had columbine simplicity^ 
I leave his life to declare, aud his pos- 
terity to judge, and thereafter to 
make their use. 

Mr. Urban, Auguii 9. 

1HAVE no wish to follow your 
Correspondent Bloomsburiensis, 
(pp.586— 591), through his long detail 
of fabulous saints and spurious mira- 
cles, 



102 Cbrysostom vrndicateifrom Misr^resmtatum. f Ai 



clet, some of the " lying wonders" 
which the Apostle foretold, 2 Thess. 
li. 9. I was concerned to see the ex- 
cellent Chrysostom in such company. 
Whether he is entitled to the place 
assigned him, a short account will 
shew. 

In the writings of this father we 
find it often remarked, that miracles 
bad ceased long before his time, so 
that '* not even a trace of that power 
remained." DeSacerd.L.iv.3. *' What 
then was the cause of this ? Why, 
says he, (for the question is often 
asked) why are there no miracles in 

our days ? The reason is, not because Joins like a man— I refute nofc'to . 
God disregards us, but because he judged ; but Judge me righteoMi 
bighly honours us. Miracles are for demand ao account of what baa' 
those who do not believe. The men 
of that first age, involved in ignor- 
ance and idolatrjr, would not nave 
abandoned their idols and embraced 



that dunghill, aud having seen it, 
kiss the soil, which waa the teeiie 
the sufferings of him that gained 
crown," «* Ti^nlu. Vol. I. p. li. 

The History of Job, replete 
instruction, is the copioui theme 
four distinct HomUiet by thia 
quent preacher, in another part 
his works. A short extract from ' 
last of these will illustrate the pi 
now alleged, and shew how % rata 
genius copies from himself. 

In the expostulation of the 
mighty with Job, he is inlrodi 
thus addressing him t ** Gird Dp 



done. Thou wast Judged, that thi 
mightest be crowned ; thou waatjad^ 
ed, that thou mightest be admiiei 
every region under heaven. BefbM^ 
spiritual truths, and believed things thy suffering a single comer of thil^ 
invisible, without visible miracles, earth knew thee; after thy aoibrii^ 
which therefore were Touchsafed. every part under heaven shall kBO#> 
But sve believe without miracles; thee. Thy dunghill is made brirhtatf 
and the Almighty, approving this our than any royal diadem. Those th4f^ 
faith, withholds miracles, as no longer ^ear a diadem desire to see tbjr cott-l' 
necessary." See the first Homily on flict, the place * of thy nnmnngu^ 
Pentecost, vol. V. p. 553, &c. Ed. i have made thy dunghill a panidiie|>^ 
Paris 1621, where this question, h» 1 have cultivated it to piety ; I h»lP«l 
ri (rt)M»» vvy y ytvdai, is treated at made it a celestial plant. Thou hMl^ 
large. 

But what then shall we say to the 
feats performed in the very days of 
Cbrysostom, as your Correspondent 



received heavenly gifts i receive 
earthly; receive all [tby former' 
stores] doable." Vol. VI. }l%. 
Thus, Mr. Urban, the dasghiJI of 



on the authority of Cbrysostom him- Job is not conjured up, aa yoar Cor*- 

self gives us to understand, by Job's respondent would have ity to work 

dunghill? Only this, that the account miracles, but simplv and aoleiji lik** 

tf not true^ but a gross perversion of the plains of Marathon or the ield of •' 

the passage referred to. He has two Waterloo, for the moral ejfetif whiek - 

Homilies on the subject of Patience; every one possessing a grain of aeeai- 

and in both, as might be expected, bility must feel, when the story ia toM 

he dwells particularly on the example by a preacher like Cbrysostom i and 

of Job. The second, which your still more if he were to behold the 

Correspondent quotes, begins thus : spot (were it even_but the imagitud' 



^* The narrative of the Three Children 
and of the Furnace of Babylon appears 



spot) where this afflicted aervaot of: 
God ** sat down among the aabea,** 
or, as the Septuagint haa it, ** oa 



to have powerfully excited vour love t , ^ o 

and still more the example of Job, dunghill without the city,*^ and cob* 

and his dunghill, which is more vener- quered by suffering. 

able than any royal throne. For no Yours, &c. Br. C. ' 

advantage 'accrues to those that be- m 

bold a royal throne, but merely »a Mr.UaBAH, BaihSmitonfJu^KK 

transient pleasure, devoid of profit. -Qy having the goodness toioseit 

But from beholding the dunghill of J3 the following notice in yoor eali- 

Job a person will derive every advan- mable Miscellany, with whose geoeral 

tage, much wisdom, aud a lesson of objecU the work which it announceo 

patience. Therefore manv now un- jg uoi i^togetber unconnected, you. 

dertake a lon^ journey, ana even eroaa — - 

the sea, running from the ends of the * For tvovey, as it is in my edition, | 

earth to Arabia, that they may aee venture to read rsvoy, 

will 



iVi) , JBgrtjjfBia&^of Ettglidi tfiNt French Paiih^. 103 




t«Bti |le to a tbaritable 
Mii pOOTn^jT coDTey lome 
to Ihoie who may be in^ 
in Ike earlier literary Aoti- 
af^oar coimtry. To such per- 
eAn acareely be onknowD that 
much has beeii- done by 
bare dedicated their time 
U^Miiir to the publication of our 
Poetry^ there still remaidsao 
field for the industry of their 
. »ra in Ihii entertaining pursuit. 
Mipect to our SlULon Poetry in 
f with the single exception 
comet and ingenious yiew of 
lug features giyen hy Mr. 
Tomer in hisrakiable History, 
Miai has in this country 
itribnted to its illustration 
dmys of Thwaites and IUw« 
Tke nnbticatioos, too, of these 
and of their more eminent 
• Junius and Hickes (to 
Wmihing of the scarcity of their 
), are. lor the most part 
•ccetsible to general readers 
alMeiice of translations, or CTen 
notes, 
work which has already been 
(HI your coTers, unifer the 
of ** Illnstrations of the Early 
of English and French Poe- 
If^** it It proposed in some measure 
ll anpplj this deficiency in our lite- 
liry aonais. Of its plan some notion 
Wf perhaps be formed from the fol- 
Wwing brief statement of the sources 
fteai wbich it is proposed to draw 
lUll^rt of its materials which have 
oakoown to, or only partially 
by* former writers on the 
optcs. 

The Poem of Beowulf. This 
Valoable and interesting remain 
«f enr Saxon Poetry was first noticed 
ll. Waaley's Catalogue (V. Hickes. 
Thesaor. A.L.S. toI. III. p. 218), and' 
)m since been partially made known 
ia the Boglish reader by an analysis 
d the first six cantos. gifen by Mr. 
Taraer. That leaded and amiable 
Historian has, boweyer, been misled as 
to its real subject, by the accident of 
Vm Bot adverting to the misplacement 
•I SMne sheets •ef the manuscript. 
Far thediscovery'of this circumstance^ 
lad for the still greater labour of 
tnatcribiag and publishing the whole 
af the original, we are at length in- 
Mled to a foreig;ner, G. I. Thorke- 
lia* loi^^ aince known by his assidu- 
ous aod adcceisfol caUitation of the 




1. 



literature and antiqnitiet of his own 
country. 

From circnnytancet, howoTert 
which it would be tedious and anno- ' 
cessary to detail here, this has been 
executed but imperfectly. The text 
itself is so incorrecUy giren (whole 
Kifes of the MS. being sometimes 
omitted) as to render it almost nnin« 
telligible } and the translation (partly 
from this circumstance, and partly 
from the Editor's being etidentiy but 
little Tersed in the pcKcnIiarlties of 
Saxon Poetry), is so incorrect and 
confused as to conrey avery imperfect 
notion of its original. In order, there- - 
fore, to present a fiill and accurate 
analysis of this unquestionably the 
earliest Heroic Poem of Modem En- 
rope, the whole has been scrupulously 
collated with the Cottonian Mann-' 
script, and a great part of nec^ity 
re-translated. 

2. A remarkable Poem, hitherto 
iaedited, from the MS. of Saxon 
Poetry, giren bj Bishop Leofric to 
the Library of Exeter Cathedral, 
(circ. A.D. 1070), containing an enu- 
meration of the persons and tribes, 
Tistted by a wandering Bard apparent- 
ly towards the commencement of tlw 
sixth century. 

3. Extracts from yarious other 
Poems contained in the Exeter MS. 
(in addition to . those notices of the 
same nature which haye already been 
admittedintotheArchsoIo^ia). Some 
of these are highly remarkable both 
for their subjects and their yersifica- 

tiOD. 

To the aboTC Will be added such 
notices of the Anglo-Saxon Poems 
already published by Junius and 
others, as may appear necessary to 
make up a general suryey of that 
proyince of our Poetical Uistoryi a 

Eroyince almost entirely passed oyer 
y Warton, and but cursorily and in- 
accurately touched upon by the late 
Mr. Ellis.— A few notices on English 
Poems of a somewhat later date wil( 
be added, if room should be found 
for their insertion. 

Among the notices on early Fredch 
Poetry will be found some account of 
a poem on the well-known subject of 
the Rout of Roncesyalles, which, from^ 
yarious circumstances of internal eyi-' 
dence, I am led to regard as the ear- 
liest specimen in this line at present 
known to exist among the Manuscript 
treasarei^of our Libraries. 

The 



104 Carlisle Cathedral &A(wZ.^-Ruding on Coinage. 



The analyses will be drawo up as 
nearly as possible in the manner of 
thofe which have already been admit- 
ted into the Arcbseologia. 

Such is a brief outline of the vo- 
lume which it is proposed to publish 
for the purpose of assisting in the 
erection of a Parochial School in a 
Tillage where it is seriously wanted, 
and where the means of the inhabit- 
ants are unfortunately inadequate to 
the purpose. To many persons this 
would doubtless be a sufficient reason 
for countenancing its publication. I 
feel no delicacy in stating fairly that 
the object of this con^munication is 
partly to bring it under the eyes of 
such persons, and partly to assure the 
antiquarian student (who may be dis- 
posed to join in the promotion of a 
charitable scheme) that, whatever 
may be the faults of the execution, it 
is hoped that the volume will contain 
so large a portion of matter hitherto 
unnoticed or inedited as will render it 
not totally unworthy of a place in his 
Library. J. F. Conybbare. 

Cathedral Schools. 

(Continued from Part I. p. 418.) 

Carlisle Cathedral. 

OF all the English Cathedrals the 
Church of Carlisle seems to have 
presented the most barren field for 
Antiquarian research \ and the more 
recent history of the Choristers is so 
unsatisfactory, that I enter upon the 
subject with considerable reluctance. 
We are informed that a community 
of Christians, including a School, was 
settled at Carlisle before the close of 
the seventh century ; and this Foun- 
dation was elevated to a Bishopric 
by Henry I. As to the School, the im- 
mediate object of this enquiry, we 
can only trace its existence from being 
incidentally mentioned in the Valua- 
tion of Pope Nicholas; whence we 
learo that the Church of Dalstou was 
charged with an annual payment for 
its support. 

This Cathedral, during the middle 
ages, was a Priory of Augustine Ca- 
nons; and at the Dissolution was re- 
endowed by Henry Vlll. for a Dean, 
Archdeacon, four Prebendaries, and 
eight Minor Canons, with Lay Clerks, 
Choristers, and Schoolmasters; agree- 

4 



ing in all essential poii\|a with 
ecclesiastical establish faients I 
same Founder. 

The Royal Grammar School 
be still in existence, is not of 
cient importance to be noticed 
local Histories of the City and \ 
dral ; and it is, doubtless, froi 
same cause that the Musick^ 
has likewise escaped obtervi 
and little information can be col 
beyond the following general oi 

The Choristers, six in numbe 
chosen by the Dean and Cb 
They have occasional lessons in 
ing from the organist ; but wl 
they receive any other instruc 
literary, moral, or religious, a 
what manner they usually set 
life, I have vainly endeavour 
learn* Perhaps some of your 
respondents residing at Carlisle 
favour your Readers with u co 
nicalion on the subject. Hi 



Mr. Urban, Maldon^ Au 

TWO misnomers in the list o 
scribers to the ** Annals 
Coinage of Britain*' having been ] 
ed out to me, I will, with you 
mission, make the correction of 
public, by insertion in your ^ 
circulating Magazine. 

For Political and Philosophic: 
ciety of Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Literary and Philosophical, &c. 

The above error nas iropro 
designated a highly respectabi 
ciety; the Members of which f 
trust, give me credit, when I dc 
that its title was inserted precisi 
it was delivered to roe. 

For Trehy Hole Hayes, esq. I 
Claveland'Street, read Joseph £ 
esq. Upper Ckarlolte-streetf FU 
square. 

The following names of Subsa 
were not sent, by the persons thi 
whose hands they passed, unti 
book was actually published. 

Library of Corpus Christi Co 
Oxford. 

Library of Trinity College, Os 

Rev. James Ingram, Fello 
Trinity College, Oxford. 

Mr. Nichols, Brentford. 

Mr. SmallboDe,High-street,Bh 
bury. 

G. E. Bainbridge, Esq. Liverp 
Yours, &c. Rogers Him 




//€X. i/-M. j;,., /-A«,i., t%,c.. 



1817.] Beccles Churchy Suffolk. — Quarrendon Chapel^ Bucks. 105 



Mr. Urban, Juljf 15. 

^^UB Church of Beccles stand < on a 
point of land overlooking the 
level of meadows, through which 
ruoalhe river Waveney, which washes 
the foot of the declivity whereon it is 
built. The West end of the Church 
approaches so near the edge of the 
ciiflT as not to leave room for a safe 
foundation of so wei;;hty a structure 
as lhesteeple>.which is therefore placed 
at a small distance from the South- 
east angie of the Chancel. (See PL L) 
The present Church appears^ from 
a will in the Bishop's Registry Office 
et Norwich, to have been lotinded 
about the year 1369. The porcji is a 
building of a later Sdate, the first 
legacy given towar4f it being dated 
A.D. 1455. The steeple was, proba- 
bly, not begun till 60 years ~^fter^ 
wards; for there it no legncy ber 
queathed for it till A.D. 1516. But 
irom that time to 1547 are many le- 
gacies towards ** building BeccfyM 

steiiuir ; 

On the 29th of Nov. 1586, a dread- 
ful fire broke out in Beccle«', which^ 
besides consuming 80 dwelling houses, 
greatly injured the roof anil seats of 
the Church, thon;;h, prohabi), not 
the walls. These damages >vere short- 
ly after repaired; and though thtre 
are accounts of more tfi;in one fire 
having taken place since tiie last date, 
it docw aot appear that the Church 
suffered in any of them. 

The Church, which now consists of 
a nave, two ailes, and a Chance), is a 
handsome fabric, and, with the steeple, 
a great ornament to* the town. The 
porch, which probably escaped injury 
from the great fire, is ybty biaulifui, 
and in the bent Gothic style, differing 
from that either of this Church or 
steeple. The latter is a fine l^ower of 
freestone, but appekrs to have been 
left incomplete,' th6 hetgiit not being 
proportionate to its size,'and a para-' 
pet at top being wanting; whence we 
are led to the supposition that the in- 
tention of the architect was to raise it 
higher than it is at present. 

The Arms of Bury Abbey, and those 
(if the families of Garneys, Bowes, 
He«!e, &c. maik the individuals who 
contributed low^irds the charges of 
building the Tower. 

King Edwy, about the year 956,' 
gave Beccies to St. Edmund, and it 
continuf-d in the Ahbey of Bury till 
Gent. Mag. Auguifty 1817. 

2 



the dissolution, when it was granted 
to William Ride, esq. The present 
Patron of the Livi.tg is Robert Spar- 
row, of Worlinghnm Hall, esq. of 
whom it is no compliment to say that 
he is ** (Jom che all' alta fortuna ag- 
geraglia il merta.** T. 

Mr. Urban, Jufjf 18. 

IN my letter on the ruinous stale 
of Quarreudon Chapel, Bucks, 
(P. i. p. 504) 1 was led into a mistake 
by the onil account givcu me in the 
neighbourhood, which 1 hope }ou 
will be so good as to enable me to cor- 
rect, by the insertion of the following 
description of that edifice, the result 
of an attentive personal cxamiuatioa 
of the spot. 

Quarfeudon Chapel stands in tha 
DQok or corner of a line meadow io 
the Eastern part of the vale of Ayles- 
bury, about two mites and a half dist- 
ant from (hat town on the North-west, 
aJMl between the turnpike roads which 
refspecHvely lead thence to Bicester 
and to Wtnslow. It is aUo more thao 
two niilei from Bierton, to which pa- 
rish it is stated by Ecton to be a 
chapel of ease; and 1 am informed 
that p. small stipend of ten or twenty 
poMods per annum is paid by the in- 
habitanti of tlie parish of Quarrendou 
to the Vicar of the mother Church. 
The building has been suffered to fall 
into such. a state of decay that divine 
service has ceaxed to be performed in 
it for several jears t and at present it 
affords a melancholy object of con- 
templation, not merely from its dilapi- 
dated coudition, hq,t from the mntila- 
tion of sboAe elegant 'monuments of 
the former proprietors of thd -conti- 
guous estate, which arc allowed to 
moulder intjo dust, without the least 
attempt being made to preserve them 
fr^ip the injuries of the weather, and 
tjie complete destri^ctiou which awaits 
them when the reniaiader of the roof 
shall foilojff |hat portion of it .which 
hujs already fallen down. Not a pane 
of glass reniaifks in any of the win-^ 
dows: the roof of one half of the 
body of the chapel, add a portion of 
tlie wall near ttotf Son th- west Corner, 
has fallen : all the pews and teats an* 
well as tne reading desk, pulpit, &c. 
are gore ; part of the floor has been 
dug up, aud a breach made in the 
wall l)elween the body of the Chapel 
and the small chancel at its Easit end. 

Two 



98 INDEX INDiCATORIUS. 

Our Correspondent S. has remirked a A' very old CoRRESroNDBirr eommti- 

▼ery sinKoUr circumstanct respecting nicates a method of makinc Ink whieh 

Ducal Mortality, which we suhjoin in his will never become mouldy, without usinf^ 

OWE woids. ' A17 other than the common innedientt* 

*' DebnUur corpora HUo. ViRO. ■— " It occurred to me that the mould 

" The leveling seythe of Death has could proceed from the vefetable onet 

been very active in its sweep amonic the only ; I therefore put an ounce of clean 

XhcorfiZatiik of the Peerage of this King- gum Arabic into a jug, with a quart, 

dom : no less than tdnt Dukes have Winchester measure, of a clear infusion 

yidded to * TheKiogof Terr6r8,'and7^ of galls, made with rain water and three 

TVrror ofJGngi, within the same number ounces of galls well pounded ; and placed 

of years, as the following Obituary list the jug in a cellar, and covered it loosely 

Acws, Wr. Dukes of Portland, Devon* with paper. I stirred the liquor two or 

Aire, Grafton, QateaMhttryt Bucdeuch, three times a day, for several days, that 

St. Alban's, Dorset, Norfolk, Marlbo- the gum might be perfectly dissolved. 

tvwghf and Northumberland. The mould began to form upon the suf- 

* Mors €tjmo peio.' faee in S4 days: ten days afterwards I 

M Impartial Death regards not rank or removed it. Several more portions of 

tta^e, [gate." mould formed, which I took off oeoa- 

"Knocks it the Cottage and the Palace sionally, during three months, when the 

T. W. requests us to admit an extract liquor became peifectly purified ; I tfaea 

ftomaDaily Paper on an interesting sub- added an ounce of pounded copperas, 

feet. It is, as he observes, Mullum in When the mould first began to form, I 

pmvo, « Simplify our Ideas respecting removed the jug into the shady part of 

the management of the Poor to a general a room where there was no fire." 

Reformation of Manners, and a more Wm. P. notices the following passagij^ 

•trict morality, like our Northern neigh- in ** Verstegan's Restitution," which, 

bours, and the business is accomplished." he does not recollect to have seen quoted 

—The administration of the Poor Laws by any of the Editors uf Shakspear« : 

mist be local, and founded on the per- ' kieaespear, Shakspear, and the like» 

gonal knowledge of situation and charac- have been sirnames imposed upon the 

ter. On an average, in England and first bearers of them for valour and featet 

Wales* each parish contains 3,497 acres of armes.' —The date of Verstegan's 

mhd 946 persons : in Scotland, S0,S6b Epistle to the English Nation is as foU 

meres .and 3,025 persons; that is, six lows: *< From Antwerpe this 7th Febni- 

times as extensive, and twice as populous, arie stilo nouo, 1606." And as Shak- 

The causes why the Poor are less bur- speare must have been in high reputa- 

tbensome In Scotland are: 1. Every tion at that time, it may be presumed 

Parish has a resident Clergyman : 3. that in a book, professedly critical, some 

Every Parish haf a School under his in- regard was paid to the true orthography 

spection : 8. The distribution to the of hia name, and so far the quotatioa 

Poor is in the Clergyman, Elders, and may be considered as an authority for 

principal Landholders : 4. In most Pa- tbo.rcjected e in the middle of the name, 

fishes there is no legal assessment, but Mr. A. Barlacb observes, that be caa 

the funds are supplied by weekly contri- see no cause to doubt the authenticity 

btttions at the Church door. These of the Portrait attached to the early 

united operations, and other local causes, folio edition of Shakespear } particularly 

have produced a state of manners ex- when the friend and companion of tb« 

tremely adverse to the increase of pan* Bard has, by the lines undemeath, pdd 

parism. Crimes are four times less fre- so high a compliment to the likeness.— 

Ouent in Scotland than in England. It astonishes him that the various un- 

Family affections are stronger, and cause authenticated Portraits should find so 

creator exertions to prevent a man's be* many persons giving their sanction with- 

eoming a burthen. Shame and dis- out one single fact to bear them out.— • 

Sace are stronger, and more deeply felt. He has every reason to think the last 

abits of CBConomy are more general ; one of this class presented to the pub- 

and, if a man is disposed to the contrary, lick, although engraved by the highly r»- 

the vigilant inspection an4 ebntroul ex- specta|^le Mr. Sharp, which gives it valuer 

ereised bv the Heads of the parish recalls b more doubtful than any of the others* 

the man back to duty. Labouring classes We should be glad to hear again from 

also avail themselves of high wages, to Viator. — The communications of B. ; 

better their condition; they then can Clericus Leicestrensis ; Mr. Carter | 

meet a fall with something to spare. To A Traveller ; R. U. ; D. P. ; and R. S. B. 

encourage the prudent habits is the are unavoidably deferred till our next, 

superintending care of a public body, Erratum. 

the Kixk Sesuod, P.* 1054 b. 1. 7i r. ** anwaglia 11 merstfo." 



[ 9» 3 



THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE, 

For AUGUST, i8ir: 



"^-- 



Wk* 



Hr. Vrbav, Auguit S. 

YOUR Magazine is now in the 
87 th year of its age — an age at 
which no other periodical publication 
in Europe, |>robablj, has ever ar- 
ffiveiL In this long period it has, in 
the usual tide of human affairs, occi- 
•ionally varied the shades of its cha- 
racter, but has, nevertheless, not 
materially changed from its first 
traits; and has been distiuguithed for 
its bifttorical rather than its scientific 
bias. Its Obituary is alone a treasure 
of personal memorials, which can 
fear no rivalry. Its Poetical depart- 
ment opened the channel for a dis- 
fi\y of the first efforts of genius of 
rs. Elizabeth Carter, l^r. Akenside, 
William CoUias, Joseph Warton, Dr. 
Johnson, and many others. 

But there is no benefit which it 
more frequently affords, than as a re- 
ceptacle for registering many miuutias, 
which from their want of bulk might ' 
otherwise perish. For my own part, 
having little method in preserving 
those scraps which a life of literary 
curiosity is continually presenting to 
me, I am apt to scatter about, like 
Sibylline leaves, the major part of that 
vrfaicb I find occasion to write down. 
Kow and then your pa^es tempt me 
to roister fragments ormy notations. 

I would say that there is scarce any 
subject about which the publick cares 
less than the history of Families, were 
it not that this has, for many years, 
formed a favourite topick of your po- 
pular Miscellany. I must confess that 
with regard to common epitaphs and 
topography, not distinguished oy emi« 
nence either public or private, you 
are sometimes a little too indulgent. 
But of those whose high station has 
brought them into contact with the 
world, and whose functions have given 
them an opportunity of taking a part 
IB public affairs, the prosperity or 
decay can neither be uninstructive 
nor nnioteresting. I take this oppor- 
tii^j, therefore, of reoord'mg in 



your pages a few notices of the exit 
of a Baronial ftimily now little re« 
membered. 

'< Sir William Eur^ (or Svre), created 
Lord Enre, was saccceded by bis grand- 
son William Lord Bare, who died 15989 
leaving issue by his wife, Margaret Dy>* 
moke, three sons. 

1. Ralph, third Lord Bore. 

% Sir Francis Eure, of whompresently^ 
as ancestor to the two last Lords Bare. 

3. William Bore, of Bradley, co. Dur- 
ham, 84 years old in 1593, who by Ka- 
therine Bowes left isiae William Eufe, 
of Elvet, who lived in the suburbs of 
Durham, and bv Katberine, daughter 
of Peter Forcer, left issue Peter hii only 
son, living 1666. 

Ilalph, third Lord Eure, left issue, by 
Mary Dawney, 

William, fourth Lord Eure, 1618, 
set. 14 at his graDdfather's deat&, who 
by Lucy, daughter of Sir Andrew Nocl^ 
had issue 

Ralph Eure, who died before his fa- 
ther, leaving issue, by Catherine Arundel, 

William, who succeeded his grand- 
father as fifth Lord Eure, and died un- 
married ; wb^ the title devolved on hia 
cousin George Eure, grandson of hit 
great great uncle. Sir Francis Bore. 

Sir Francis Eure, already mentioned 
(second son of William Eure, who died 
1593), was a justice of North Wales. 
Married Jtrtt, Elizabeth, daughter of 
John Lennard, of Knowle in Kent^ by 
whom he had issue, • 

1. WiUiam Eure, ob. s. p. 1720. 

3. Horatio, of whom presently. 

3. Sir Sampson, of Gray's-inn, jser^ 
jeant at law, who by Martha, daughter 
of Anthony Cage, of Stowe, in Cam* 
bridgeshire, had John Eure, his only 
son, who married Susan, daughter of 
Sir John Tracy, of Staunton, Norfolk, 
knt.S6Sept. 1661. 

Sir Francis married, secondly, Helen, 
daughter of Morris, relict of Owen, by 
whom he had 

4. Compton Eure, living 1660. 
Horatio Eure, eldest surviving son of 

Sir Francis, married Deborah, £iugUier 

and coheir of Brett^ of RomtMt^ ^ 

Kent» by whom be Vi«i \qux ioiv\\ 



106 



Description o/'QuarrenJon Chapel, Bucks. » [Aug. 



Two octagon pillarf on each side, 
ivhich fupport the arches that se{)a- 
rate the aiies are, however, still in 
good preservation, and the <»uter 
walls are strono. The roof which re» 
mains having lost many of the tiles 
with which it was formerly covered, 
is decaying, and the ceilin*; of the side 
ailes, which was divided into compart- 
ments, and handsomely finished, is 
fallen amongst the ruhbish that covers 
the floor. At the West end is a strong 
frame of tiniher, which may he con- 
jectured to have formerly supported 
a turret, and perhaps a bell; but no 
vestige of the upper part of the build- 
ing at that end can be traced. 

The chancel at the £ast end mea- 
sures about 22 feet by 15, and con- 
tains the relics of three large and ap- 
parently very elegant and expenxive 
monuments: two on the North side, 
and one on the South. Neither rails 
nor communion-table (if there ever 
were any) remain, and the floor is 
strewed with fragments of the statues, 
cornices, and ornaments of the monu- 
ments, eitheraccidcutally or wantonly 
broken oiF, intermingled with the 
ceiling and wails, and other rubbish. 

The most perfect of the three monu- 
ments consists of a muirnificent sar- 



of alabaster, painted and gilded in a 
very superb style. The head is to- 
wards the altar, resting on a belniet of 
beautifully polished alatiaster: the 
left arm broken oflT at the elbow, at 
also part of the right hand, which, 
from ihe position of the arm, seems to 
have grasped (perhaps) a sword, and 
the point of the beard and nose of 
the statue are gone. The mantle is 
thrown back to display the armour; 
and the collar, as well as the garter, 
arc delicately finished. The azure of 
the latter, and the gold letters upon it, 
are still quite fresh ; but the colour 
of the mantle is much faded. The 
feet of the statue have been broken 
ofl*, and a lieautiful cornice w:hich 
ornamented the canopy or awnin«^ 
over the figure lies in fragments 
around. This canopy, which is ex- 
teriorly carved and painted to rejiem- 
ble small tiles of Delft, is, on the in- 
side, divided into numerous snoall 
compartments, ornamented with flow. 
ers richly gilt, and rests upon Iwa 
pilasters with Corinthiancapital8,nezt 
the wall, and rn front upon Termini, 
of alabaster, highly finished, with the 
figures of warriors having on rich 
crested helmets. On slips of Jasper, 
inserted along the front of the pedi- 
ment, is the motto Fide et Constan- 
TiA : and on a dark stone behind tbt 



cophagus, on which is the recumbent 

eifigy of a personage in a coat of mail, 

and over it Ihe mantle and collar of effigy, the following inscription: 

the Order of the Garter: the whole 

Fide et Constantia f Vixit Deo; Patria; et Amicis, annos [ ]. 
Fide et Oonstantia < Cbristo sp'vm ; camera sepulchro coniroendavi. 
Fide et Constantia ( Scio, credo, expecto mortuorum resurrectiunem. 



On each side are trophies in well- 
executed relief. 

On the body of the Sarcophagus, 
below, on two tablets, these lines; 
•* If Fortune's stoore or Nature's wealth 

commende [lende. 

They both unto his Vertue praise did 
The warres abroade wiih bonnor he did 

passe, [he was. 

In courtly justs his Soveraigne's Knij^ht 
Six Princes he did serve, and in the fright 
And change of state, still kept himself 

upright. [his fame, 

WithFaith untougbt, spottlesse and cleere 
So pure that envy could not wrong the 

same : 
All but his virtue now (so vaine is breath) 
Tourn'd dust, lye here in the cold armes 

of death. [flye 

Thus Fortunes gifts and yearthly favours 
When Virtue conquers death and des- 

tinie." 
Above the Monument, against the 
North wall, is the shield of arms, en- 
closed by a garter and OAQlto. 



Dexter side : quarterly. In the first 
quarter, Jrgent^ a bar and three 
crescents Sable, 2d q. GulcRy a lion 
rampant Or. Sd q. Gules^ two 
wolves (or foxes) passant Or, 4th q. 
Argent^ a bar and unicorns* beads S, 

Sinister side : in the first and fourth 
quarter. Argent^ a bar and three 
roses Sable, 2d q. In a field. Azure ^ 
powdered with eight stars (^r, an 
escutcheon of prelence Ermine. Sd 
q. within a border Azure^ with ten 
stars Or,, a lion rampant Azure f in a 
field Argent. 

Between this Monument and tfa« 
East end of the Chancel is placed in 
the wall a tablet within a frame of ala- 
baster, bearing the date 1611, and the 
letters ** Sustine do pergo,'* with the 
following Inscription in capital letters: 



« 



Sir Henry Lee, Knight of the most 
noble Order of the Garter, sonne of Sir' 
Anthony iite| and Dane Margaret, his 

wife. 



1817.} Description o/'Quarrehdon CAapd, Baclcs. 



107 



wife, daof hter to Sir Henry Wiat, that 
ftuthful.and constant servant and couii- 
tetlor to the two Kings of famous 
■neiooiy, Henries the VI 1. and Vllf. 
Hee owed bis birth and childhood to 
Kent, 'and his hig^bly honourable uncle 
8ir Thomas Wiat, at Alini^on Castle ; 
Us youth to the Courte and Kinge Henry 
the VHI. to whose service he was 
•wome at ziiii yeares olde : his prime of 
ManlMMMl, after the calme of that best 
prince Edward the Sizt, to the warrs of 
ScotJand in Queen Maries days, till 
isalled home by her whose soddeine. 
4eath gave bej^inninge to the glorious 
reigne of Queen Elizabeth. He gave 
, himself to voyage and travaile into the 
flourishing States of Frafioe, Itally, and 
Germany, wher soon putting on all 
ibose abillities that became the backe of. 
honour, especially skill and proof in 
armes, he lived in grace and gracing the 
Coortes of the most renowned Prinbes 
•f that warlike age, returned home 
charged with the reputation of a well- 
Ibmed travellour, and adorned with 
tiioee flowers *of knighthood, courtesy^ 
bounty, . valour, which quickly gave 
ftirth their fruite, as well in the fielde to 
the advantage (at once) of the two di^ 
vidcd parlies of this happily united 
State, and to both those Princes his 
Sovereignes successively in that expect- 
tion into Scotland in the year 1573; 
when in goodly equipage he repay red to 
the seige of Ediiiburgb, tber quartering 
before the Castle, and commanding one 
of the batteries* he shared largely in tbe 
honor of ravishing that maiden forte ; as 
also in Courte, wher he shone in all those 
fayer partes became his profession and 
vowes, honouring his highly gracious 
M"* with reysing those later Olimpiads 
of her Courte justs and tournaments 
(theret>y trying and treyninge tbe cour- 
tier in those exercises of armes that 
keepe the person, bright and steeled to 
hardinesse, that by softe ease rusts and 
weares) wherein still himself lead and 
triumphed, carying away great spoyles 
of grace from the Soveraigne, and re- 
nowne from the worlde, for tbe fairest 
man at armes and most complete cour- 
tier of his times, till singled out by tbe 
choice hand of his Royall M^, for 
meed of bis worth (after tbe Lieutenancy 
of the Royall Manour of Woodstocke, 
and the office of the Royall Armory), be 
was caHed up an Assessour on tbe bench 
of Honour emonge Princes and Peers, 
reeeivinge at her Majesties bands tbe 
noblest order of Garter, whilest the 
worroe of time gnawioge the roote of 
this plant, yeldinge to the burden, age, 
abd the industrye of an active youth im? 
poved on him, full of the .glorie of the 
Cbarte he abated of bit sencc to pay his 



better parte, resigned his dignity and 
honour of her Majti«* Kntghte to the 
adventurous Compt Gf*orge. £arle of 
Cumberlande, cbanginge pleasure for 
ease, for tranquillity honour, making 
rest his soUace, and contemplation hia 
employment, so as absenting from tbe 
world, present with himself, be chose to 
loose the fruit of publique use and iic- 
tion for that of devotion and piety, in 
which time (besides the buildiDg of four 
goodly manors,) he revived tbe ruiset of 
this Cbappell, added these Monument* 
to the honour of his blood and frends^ 
reised the Cuundation of the adjoining 
huspitall *, and lastly, as full of ye^rs as 
of honour^ havii^ served ^ef succeed- 
ing Princes, and kept himself reigbt and 
steady in many dangerous shockes, and 
three utter turnes of state, with a body, 
bent to earth, and a mind erected to 
Heaven, aged 80, knighted 6o years, h« 
met his long attended ende, and now 
rests with his Redeemer, leavinge much 
patrimony with his name, honour with 
tbe world, and plentifoll teares with hit 
friends. Of which sacrifice he ofi'ers his 
part, that,beiuge a sharer in his blood at 
,weil as in many of his honourable favors, 
and an honourer of his virtues, thus nar. 
rowly jegistreth bis spread worth to en. 
suinge times. William Scott." 

On the opposite side is a large altar- 
tomb with pillars of Sussex marble 
(which appear to have been broken 
and repaired with while stooe) fup-> 
portiao^ a canopy or entablature, un- 
der which are recumbent figures as 
large as life, of an armed knight and 
his lady. The feet towards the altar: 
the hands pressed together in a devo- 
tional attitude, but the fingers and 
part of the feet broken off. These 
figures, as well as the rest of the 
tomb, are of alabaster, and well sculp- 
tured : but the featured, as well at 
the more delicate work of the orna- 
ments, defaced. On a blue stooe, at 
the back of the recess in which the 
effigies repose, on rolls of well imi- 
tated mats is an inscription much in* 
jured by the corrosion of time and the 
damp, the following words only being 
now legible: 



t( 



. . . Anthony Lee, Knight of worthy 
name, 
Syre .. . .S^ Henry Lee of noble fame,. 

^ Such is the expression ; but as no ac- 
count is preserved of any such Establish- 
ment, it is difficult to understand whe- 
ther it is meant that he destroyed or 
began the erection of such a work. 

f In the lines on the Monument six 
Prinaes are mentioned. 

Sonne 



108 Description of QLvi^rreudon Chapel^ Bucks. lAvig, 



Sonne .... Robert .... here tombed lieft 
Wher . . fame an . . memory never dies ; 
Grea .. fountaine whence himself did rune, 
But greater in the greatnesse of hi? sone. 
HU body *s here, his soule in heaven doth 
rest, [be prest." 

What scornd the earth canot with earth 
On each iide are trophies and fret- 
work ornaments richly carved. 

The front of the tomb is divided 
into compartments, with tablets cor- 
fesponding with those on the opposite 
monument of Sir Henry, and inscribed 
with about an equal number of lines, 
probably in metre, but so much iri- 
jured, that the word Margery and 
some few letters here and there arc 
all thatcan be read. 

Under the canopy, but above the 
inscription, is ar stone shield with the 
paternal coat of Lee. In a field Ar- 
gent, a Bar and thrte Crescents Sa- 
ble*; impaled with another coat, 
probably that of the Wyats. And 
above the monument, the same Arms 
repeated as on Sir Henry Lee*8 Coat, 
but without the garter. 

There can be no doubt that these 
personages were the father and mo- 
ther of that accomplished Courtier: 
but it is impossible, unless some ac- 
count has been preserved (and I am 
not aware that there is) to discover 
for whom the third tomb or monu- 
ment was erected : the lemains of it 
being only the basis, and the projec- 
tion of the cornice or arch with some 
small portions of the pillars of Sussex 
marble, which formerly decorated as 
well as supported it. £nough is left to 
shew that it is of the same workman- 
ship as the others: the materials of 
which it is composed bting the same, 
but differing in the form of the arch, 
andthecircum8tanceofitsbeins:oicon- 



the Church, and against the partition 
above, but within the latter are two 
slender irons, which appear to have 
been designed to sustain banners or 
achievements. The shields of arms 
over the respective monuments appear 
to have been formerly surmounted 
with crests, which seem to have been 
broken off: and as the door of the 
edifice is left open (the lock having> 
been broken) and the building is re- 
ported to be occasionally converted 
to the use of feeding or sheltering 
cattle within its walls, it may reason- 
ably be expected that every day wiM 
diminish the remains of its pristine 
ele;:ance, and increase the difficulty 
of ascertaining its antient state. 

There isotither architectural mag- 
nificence nor picturesque beauty m 
the exterior to attract thb notice of 
the curious, or deserve the atteolion 
of the artist. A pretty correct no- 
tion may be formed of the general 
outline and stile of the monuments^ . 
by referring to the construction of 
those which mark the age of James 
the First, to which they evidently be- 
long : but being desirous that some 
account, however imperfect, should 
be preserved of these crumbling ruins., 
1 am induced to request that Mr. Ur-. 
ban will admit my remarks into his 
Repository, in which they may have a 
chance ot affording a memento of 
the decay of human grandeur much 
lunger than the originals are likely 
to be allowed to do oo the spot in 
which they were once designed to per* 
petuate the boast of ancestry and the' 
meed of valour. 

The unconscionable length of this 
letter precludes the addition of any 
remarks on the peculiar term of ex- 
pression observable in the epitaphs i. 



siderably smaller dimensions. Neither .which I may hereafter probably sub- 



Arm<i nor Inscription can be traced. 

The chancel which contains these 
fragments of sepulchral splendour has 
two windows, that at the East end con- 
siumg of three lights, and a smaller 
on the South side. Some rude tim- 
'bers are slill remaining wiihm the 
arched door-way commuuicatiug with 

* Perhaps the armorial bearings here 
noted may not be technically described; 
but so far as relates to the colouring, 
quartering, and distribution of the seve- 
ral parts, they are carefully correct. 
Painters and Sculptors are, like Topo- 
graphers, sometimes very indifferent 
Heralds. 



mit to the readers of the Gentlemftii'f 
Magazine : and only allows me.Lo add,, 
that the neighbouring estate is npw 
the property of James Dupr^t esq. 
into whose hands 1 know not whether 
it came by purchase or affinity to th* 
Lichfield family: but in either case,, 
if this account of the state of Quar- 
rendon Chapel should happen to meet 
his eye; I trust that that building will 
not long remam in a condition so dis- 
grace ful to the established religioDj, 
and ip those feelings of gratitude and 
n-specl for departed worth, which 
are among the roost amiable disppsi- 
tioos of the mind. Vijltph. 

COM- 



I 109 ] 

COMPENDIUM OF COUNTY HISTOllT. 

HERTFORDSHIRE. 

SITUATION AND BXTBNT. 
BnmimHet. North, Bedford and Cambridge. Batt» Btiez. South, Middle- 

•ez. West, BackingbaiD. 
GrtmteH length 36 ; greaUH breadik 88 1 circumference ISO ; $quare 700.niilet. 
Frentimcei Capterbury. Diooe$etf Lincoio and LondoB. Circuity Home. 

ANTIBNT STATE AND REMAINS. 

BrHUk InhaUUn%$. Cattieuchlaiii or Casgii, and Triaobantes. 

SUman Prevince. Flavia CssarieuMS. — SiaHone, yerulainiuai (the chief cilgr 

of Caiftiveiauout^ created a muaicipiutii) oear St Albaii'i i Durolitura, 

Chethoat. ^ 

Sesen Heptarchy. Mercia and Estez. 
AnUquiliee. St. Alban's Abbky Cburch and Gate>hoiue. Waltharo Croit. 

Hoj»too Cave. Sopwell Nuanerj. Ware Priory. Hertford, Bithop^s 

Slortford, and Berkiiamsled Cattlei. Huoidoii«SUiidoo,and Rjehouiei. 
St. Albafi'd was a mitred Abbey, founded in 70S by Offih King of Merci»« 
and its Abbots were authorized, by a grant from Pope Adrian iV. to take 
pracc^jHice of all others in England. In i^ noble Church had sepulture iCi 
historian Matthew Paris i Humphrey the *' good Duke** of Gloucester, 
brother of Henry y.;,aod the Lancastefian Peers slain in the fifsi battle 
of St. Alban*s. 

Hertford Castle was the residence of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, 
who enter taiped in it the two Royal Prisoners, John of France gnd David of 
Scotland. It was succeMiyely possessed by Jo^ of Navarre, Catharine of 
Fi|uice» aiMl M&fgiiret of Anjoo, Q^ueeus of Henry IV. V. and VI. 

AtKing*s Laugley were buried Piers Gaveston, the favourite ot Edward II. i 
Edfl^ond of Langley, son of Edward HI* with his wife l^bel,. daughter of 
Pedro, King of Castile $ and Richard II. whose body was alterwards, removed 
to Weslmioster by order of Henry V. 

PRESENT STATE AND APPEARANCE. 
Rivers. Beane, tiulborne, Cotne, Gade, Hiz, Ivel, Kime, Lea, Mimeran or 

Marau, New-riv«r (whose source is at Chadweli), Oughton, Pirral, Cluin, 

Hhee, Rib, Stort, Thame, Ver or Meuse. 
Iniand Navigation. Grand Juiictioa Canal. Lea and Stort Rivers. 
Eminence* and f^iews. Hexton Hills, Brockley Hill, Wilbury Hill, Ravens^ 

bury Caslle, Town of St. Alban's Church, Haven eud, Sbenley Parsonage; 
Natural Curiosities. Barnet medicinal spring. 
Pahlic Edifices. Herttord blue-coat School, connected with Christ's Hospital 

in London i Hertford College, for the education of young men intended 

for thecivil department in ihe East India Company's service. 

Seats, Hatfield House, Marquis of Salisburv, Lord Lieutenant of the County. 

Alban's, St. Sir Wm. Domville, hart. Cocken Hatch, Sir Francis W i lies, bart» 

Aldenham Abbey, Sir C. M. Pole, hart. Colney House, Simpson, esq. 

Aspenden Hall, Capt. Latour. Corneybury, William Butt, esq. 

Balls, Lord John Townshend. Dane End, John Corrie, esq. 

Baylord-bury, William Baker, esq. Digswell House, Hon. Spencer Cowpen 

Beechwood, Sir John Saunders Se- Edge Grove, Win. Marsden, esq. 

bright, hart. Gaddesden Place, Joseph Halsey, esq* 

3erkhampsted Place, Hon. Miss Grim- Gilston Park, William Piumer, esq. . 

ston. Gorhambury, Earl ot Yerulaiii. 

Brtckeudon-bury, Dent, esq. Grove Park, Earl of Clarendon. 

Brocket Hall, Viscount Melbourne. Haroellii, late Richard Shawe, esq. 

Brookman*s, late S. R. Guussen, esq. Uaresfoot, Thomas Dorrien, esq. 

Broxboum-bury,JacobBosaoquet,e8q. Hillfield Lodge, John Faun Tiiuius,esq. 

Bury Park, Fotherley Whitfield, esq. Hitchin Priory, E. U. Delme Had* 
Bushey Grove, D. Haliburton, esq. clifie, esq. 

Campfield Place, Rev. — Brown. Holywell House, Earl Spencer* 

Cassiobnry, Earl of Esse:!^. Hoo, Hon. Thomas Brand. 

IShei^ont House, Rev. C. Mayo. HansdonHou8e> NaUon Calvert, esq. 

Hyde 



1 10 Compendium of the History of Hertfordshire. [Aug. 



Rusiel Farm, Lord Henlej. 
Sacombe Park, George Caswail, esq. 
St. John's Lodge, Sir C. Cu} icr, bart. 
Sdlitibury Hall, William Suell, esq. 
Sdiidridge Lodge, G. S. IMarten, esq. 
btageohuc Park, li. T. He^sbatn, eaq. 
Tewin Water, Hear^ Cow|K'r,e&q. 
TbeobaldM Paik, Sir George becttoii 

Prcicott. 
Titteubanger, Earl of Hardwicke. 

Tnng Grove, Broadwood» esq. 

Triiig Park^ Sir Druinuiood SiuitbyUt. 
Ware Park, Thos. Hope b)de, efq. 
Watton Wood Uall, Sam. Smiiht esq. 
* Westbroke Hajr, Jion. liicii. Kider. 
Woodball, Sam. Smith, esq. 
Wormleybury, Sir Abr. Uume, bart. 
YoUDgsbur} , Daniel Giles, eM|. 

Meniber$ to Parliamtnt, For the County, 2$ Hertford, 2; St. Alban's, 2; 

total 6. 
Produce, Wheat, Barley, Oats, Turnips, Clover, Applei>, Cbcrries» horlicuU 

tural Plants and Hoots. 
Manufactures. Malt, Cotton, Silk, Lace, Straw-plait, Paper. 

POPULATION. 

Hundreds^ Si Parishes^ 134; Market-towns, IT; Houses, 20,1 SI, 

Inhabitants. Mules, 55,023 ; Females, 56,631 ; total 111^654. 

Families employed in Agriculture, 11,998; m Trade, 7,192; io neither, 

3,554 I total, 22,744. \ 

Baptisms. Males, 1665; Females, 1574. — Marriages, 614. — B«rta/«, Males* 

996; Females, 1016. 

Towns having not less than 1000 inhabitants, viz. 



Hyde Hall, Earl of Roden. 
Knebworth House, Mrs. Lytton. 
Lamer House, C. D.Gerrard, esq. 
Langley bury, Rev. Sir J. Filmer, bart. 
Lilly House, John Sowerby, esq. 

L<»cklcys, Mackenzie, esq. 

March moot House, T. A. Green, esq. 
Moor Park, la(e Robt. Williams, esq. 
Muiiden, Rogers Parker, esq. 
Morth Mims Place, Hen. Brotvne, esq. 

Offley Place, Burrows, esq. 

Pansnanger, £arJ Cowper. 

Pauls Warden, Hon. Thomas Bowes 

Bruhl. 
Pishiobury, Mrs. Mills. 
Porters, Maicnioness of Sligo. 
Potterells, Justmian Casamajor, esq. 
Rothamsted, J. B. Lawes, esq. 



House}*. Intiab. 

Hertford (capital) 59S 3,900 

St. Albau's 621 ^,653 

HiJchin 7 b9 3,608 

Ware 684 3,369 

Hcmel Hemsttd 648 3,240 

RickmausvForth 581 3,230 

Hatfield 508 2,67 7 

Bishop's Stortfoid 486 2,630 

Watford 519 2,603 



Houses. Inhab. 



Berkhamsted 396 

Standon 253 

Tring 351 

balduck 259 

Houston 283 

Stevenage 306 

Hoddetdon 232 

Waltham Cross 212 



1,963 
1 ,589 
l»847 
l,43S 
1,309 
J, 308 
1>249 
1,158 



Total, Towns, 17 ; Hou^ies, 7,726; Inhabitants, 41,059. 



HISTORY. 

Anno 61, Yerulani taken and destroyed by Boadicea, Queen of the Iceni. 

796, at Offley, died Offa, the great King of Mercia. Near W^re, Alfred cap* 
tured the Danish iliet by diverting the waters of the Lea from- their 
original channel. 

1066, at Berkhamsted, Wiiiium the Conqueror took the oath imposed upon 
him by Fretheric, Abbot of St. Alban's, that he would keep the laws of 
Edward (he Confessor. 

IST2, at Berkhamsted, died Richard, King of the Romans, Earl of Comwallt 
brother of Henry IM. 

1312, at Whethamsted, assembled the forces of the Barons io arms against 
Edward II. and his favourite Gaveston. 

1362, at Hertford Castle, died Joan, wife of David, King of Scotland, and (lif- 
ter of Edward lU. • 

1S8I, to St. Alban's came Richard II. and his chief justice Tresiliao, with a 
guard of 1000 men, when 15 of the insurgents under Wat Tyler were 
hung in chains, and the male inhabitants of the county, from 15 to 60 
years of age, attended and took an oalh never to disturb the public ptace. 

5 1399, 



1817.] Compendium qf the History jof Hertfordshire. ;il 1 

1399, at Hertford, Henry Duke of Laocatter (afterwards Heory IV.) kept bi» 

Court when Richard II. wat depoted. 
1455, at St. AlbaD*fl,May S3, Henry VI. wuonded aod taken prisoner t Duke of 

Somerset, Earls of Northumberland and Siaffbrd, L^rd Clinton* and 800 

Lancastrians, slain by Edward Ddke of York, and Richard Neville, *Mb« 

king- making" Earl of Warwick. 
1461, at St. Alban's,Feb. 17, the great Etfrl of Warwick and Yorkists defeated 

by Margaret of Anjou. In this battle. Sir John Grey of Groby, first hus*. 

band of' Elizabeth Widvilte (afterwards Clueen of Edward IV.} and SlOt 

men were i*Iain. 
14M, near Barnet (April 14), Lancastrians defeated, and their Commaoder, 

the Earl of Warwick, ** that center-shaking thunderclap of warre," with 

his brother, the Marquis of Montaeute, and 10,000 men, slain by £dw. IV* 
1490, at Berkhaniiited, died Cecily » Duchess of York, mother of Edward IV. 

and Richard III. 
155S, at Hunsidon, Jul?, Mary, on her road to London, was informed by the. 

Earl of Arundel o/the death of Edward VI. and thereby prevented from 

falling into the power of the Earl of Northumberland. 
160S, at Theobalds (then the seat of Robert, first Earl of Salisbury), May 3, the 

Lords of the Council paid their homage to James I. 
1625, at Theobalds (which he had obtained in exchange for Hatfield from the 

Earl of Salisbury), March 27, died James I. 
I642t at Theobalds February, Charles I. received the petitions of both bousei 

of Parliament, and thence went to put himself at the head of his army. 
IMS, at Rye House, was said to be concerted the conspiracy to assassinate 

Charles II. •and his brother James Duke of York, on their return from 

Newmarket, for which Lord Russel and Algernon Sydney, without the 

f lightest evidence of their being privy to the intended assassination, were 

condemned and beheaded. 

BIOGRAPHY. 

iuBAM, St. Protomartyr of Britain, Yerulara (ffuffered SOS.) 

Alhau's, St. John de, philosopher, St. Albans, 12th century. 

B^ildock, Ralph, Bp. of London, Baldock, (died ISIS.) 

Hariiet, John, Bp. of Ely, Lord Treasurer, Barnet (died 1S7S.) 

Blount, Sir Henry, traveller, Tittenhanger, 1602. 

Bostock, John, Abbot of St. Alban*8, benefactor, Whethamsted, (died 1440.)^ 

Bonrchier, John, Baron Berners, translator of Froissart, Thar&eld,(died 1632.) 

Bbikb«perb, Nicholas, Adrian i V. only English Pope, Abbots Langley, 1090. 

Bnrgeis, Anthony, divine, voluminous writer, Watford. 

Capel, Arthur Lord, loyalist, Uadham, (beheaded 1648.) 

Cary, Henry, first Viscount Falkland, Lord Deputy of Ireland, Berkhamsted, 
(died 1633.) 

Cartwrigbt, Thomas, puritan divine, 1535. 

Cbauncy, Sir Henry, historian of the county, Yardley-bury, (died 1700.) 

Chauncy, Isaac, nonconformiU divine and author, Ware, (died 1T12.) 

CowFBR, William, Foet, Berkhamsted, 1731. 

Dike, Daniel, divine, Hemsted, (died 1614.) 

Dike, Jeremiah, divine, Hemsted, (died 1620.) 

Dixon, Nicholas divine, fomtder ot Cheshuot Church, (died 1448.) 

Duncombe, John, poet and divine. Stocks, 1730. 

Buncombe, William, dramatic; writer and translator of Horace, Stocks, 1689. 

Edwards, John, divine, Hertford, 1637. 

Famsbaw, Sia Richard, diplomatist, poet, and translator. Ware Park, 1607. 

Ferrers, George, lawyer, hiiitorian, and poet, near St. Alban's, about 1312. 

Field, Richard, DCan of Gloucester, theologian, Hemsted, 1561. 

Gaddenden, John de, physician, Gaddesdeu, (flor 1320.) 

Giles, John, *' Joannes i£<;idius,*' physician, St. Aihan*s, 13th century. 

Gorham, Nicholas, commentator on the Scriptures, Gorham, (died 1400.) 

GuMTBR, Bdmuiid, iuventor of the scale, Hertford, 1581. 

Guyse, John, author of Paraphrase on New Testament, Hertford, 1680. 

Haddam,Edinundof,Earl of Richniond,father of Heo.YII. Haddani(diedI456.) 

Hale. Ricbard, founder of Hertford School, Cudicot, (died 1640.) 

Hill, 



1 1 2 Compendiuvi of the Histoi^ of Hertfordshire. [Aug. 

HiII,Robt. learned tailor, compared by Spcnceto Magliabechi, Mitwell» 1699* 

Humphry, John, nonconformist divine and author, St. Albans, 1622. 

Incent, Jn. Dean of St. PauPs, founder of Berkhara^ted school, Berkhamsted* 

Janeway, Jamet}, nonconformiit divine and author, Kershall* (died 1674.) 

Jenhings, Sarah, Duchets of Marlborough, Sandrid<^e, 1660. 

Ken, Trouas, Bp. of Bath and Wells, one of the seven imprisoned Bishops, 

Berkhamsled, 1637. 
Kenrick, William, miscellaneous writer, near Watford, (died 1777.) 
Kin^;, Sir John, lawyer, St. Alhan*s, 162t9. 

Langlej, Edm. of,Duke of York, 5th ton ofEdw. IlI.King^tLaDgley (diedl402.) 
Lee, Naihaoiel, dramatic writer, Hatfield, (died 169^1.) 
Legat, Hii^h, commentator on Boetbius, (flor 1400.) 
Manoeville, Sir Johv, traveller, St« Alban*s, 1300. 
Nequ^m, or \eckham Alexander, Abbot of Cirencesler, " miraculum iDgeniiy** 

St. Albans, (died 1227.) 
Femherton, Sir Francis, Chief Justice, St. Alban's, 1625. 
Redman, Richard, Bishop of Ely. 

Rudborue, Thomas, Bp. of St. David's, chronicler, Rudborne (flor. 1419.) 
Shute, John, first Viscount Barriugton, statesman, Theobalds,'«1678. 
Stanley, Thomas, scholar and philosopher, Cuml)erlow, 1644. 
i»>-moiid8, Edmund, divine, vindicator of Charles 1. Cottered, (died 1649.) 
Titus, Silas, Colonel, author of'* Killing no Murder,'* Bushy. 
Tooke, George, poet. Popes, about 1505. 

Vincent, Thomas, non-conformist divine, and author, Hertford, 1634. 
Walker, John, philologist, Author of Pronouncing Dictionary, Barnet, 1732. 
Waller, Euituno, poet, Coleshill, 1605. • 
Ward, Setli, Bp. of Salisbury, mathematician, Buntingford, 1617. 
Ware, Richard de, abbot ofWestminster, treasurer to Edw. I. Ware,(died 1283.) 
Ware, William de, instructor of Duns Scotus, Ware, (flor 1270.) 
Waterhouse, Sir Edw. Chancellor of Exchequer for Ireland, Helmsted bury ,1535. 
White, Sir Thomas, founder of St. John*s College, Oxford, Rickroanswortb. 

MISCELLANEOUS REMARKS. 

Albury Hall was the residence of the learned Chief Baron Sir Edw. Atkyna. 

At Amwell is a curious grotto formed by John Scott, who resided there, 
and has described the neighbouring scenery in his poems. — Amwell was the 
burial*place of William Warner, author of** Albion's England," and of Isaac 
Reed, editor of Shakspeare. 

Brantfield Rectory was the first Church preferment of the factious Saint 
Thomas a Becket, afterwards Abp. of Canterbury. 

Cheshunt Manor House was the residence of Cardinal Wolsey, and in a 
house near the Church, undertheassumednaroeof Clarke, July 12, 1718, died 
the Ex-Protector, Richard Cromwell, aged 85. 

Gorhambury was the residence of Lord Keeper Sir Nicholas Bacon, who 
frequently entertained his royal Mistres** there. It was also the rcMdeuce of 
bis son, *' the wisest, greatest, meanest of mankind.*' 

In Haddam Parva Church is an inscription to the memory of Arthur Lord 
Capel, Baron of Hadham, beheaded for niH loyalty to Charles 1. 

In Hatfield Church is the monument of its founder, the politic Robert 
Cecil, first Earl of Salisbury. 

Hunsdon House was the residence of Mary I. Elizabeth and Edw. VI. when 
children. In the Church is the monument of Chief Justice Sir TKos. Forster. 

Moor Park was the seat of the beautiful Lucy Harrington, Countess of 
Bedford ; of Anne, wife of the unfortunate Du^e of Monmouth, and of Lord 
Anson, the circumnavigator. The latter planted in his kitcben-gardeo here 
the apricot, from that circumstance called *^ the Moor Park.*' 

In North Mims Church is the monument of the patriot Ld. Chancellor Somen. 

Pelham Furiieaux was the vicarage of the eniineut divine Charles Wheatley, 
who died there 1742. 

In Rickmansworlh, was buried the translator. Hen. Cary, Earl of Monmouth. 

Royston has given its name to the '* hooded crow,'* or ** corvut cornix," of 
Linnsus. According to Holinsbcd, wheat in the time of Henry VI. was so 
plentiful as to b% sold io this town at ltd. tbc quarter. 

At 



-i^v-'-^'-r ■■>-.■ 



U 



HmrJir A^illfJtS.f lO . 







1817.] History of Hertfordshire. — St Giles's in the Fields. 113 

At.St. Alban's, in St. MichaePs Church, is the moDumentof the great Fran- 
cis Bacon^ Baron Yerulam, Yiscouot St. Alban, who is represented sitting in 
an elbow chair, in a contemplatiye posture, with an epitaph by Sir Henrj 
Wotton. — In St. Peter*s Church-yard, lie the remains of the amiable poet and 
physician, Dr. Nathaniel Cotton, author of" the Fire-side," through whose 
ability the poet Cowper was restored to sanity. — Thediscoyery in 1703 of the 
body of Humphry, the good Duke of Gloucester, lying in pickle in the Abbey 
Church, gave rise to a wcll-knowa epigram written by'Garrick as a soliloquy 
of the epicure Quin. 

In Sawbrid^eworth Church, is the mphumeat of Sir Walter Mildmay, Eliza- 
beth's Chancellor of the £xche4ner. 

Shenley was the rectory of f hilib Falfo, historian of Jersey and Guernsey; 
and of Peter Newcome, histoirian ot St. Alban *•. 

At Standon, resided Sir Aklph Sadlier, Secretary of State, and one of the 
Executors named in the will'bf 'Henry YIII. and' over his tomb in the church 
still remains the pole of the'banneir of .the King of Scots, which Sir Ralph 
took at the battle of Musselb'urjeh in 1547. 

Theobalds was the seat'bf tneiilusirious William Cecil Lord Burleigh, 
where he was repeatedly Tiaited by £Jiiaheth.-^In 1606, his son Robert, first 
Earl of Salisbury, entertained here James I. and 'Christopher lY. King of 
Denmark. 

At Walkerne lived Jane Wenhani,-who in 1712 was tried at Hertford for 
witchcraft, and againsttfae'opHiioaiof the Judge (Powell) found guilty and 
condemned, but was parflimedt — Bo Imlely as 17-51-, at Tring, Ruth Osborne, a 
reputed witch, was submltted'by a mblrto the water ordeal, and drowned, but 
the most active of the tiidb Wer6%ftc$i%iifds el(e<iut^ for the murder. 

In Ware Church, wefl^ inter red Btizabeth,' daughter of Gilbert de Clare, 
Earl of Glgucester, foqiidress of Clare-hall, Cambridge ; and the accomplished 
Sir William Fanshaw, who was lioro and resided at Ware Park. 

Welwyn was the rectory, residence^ and burial-place, of Dr.Ed ward Young; 
and here his " Night fhoughls** were composed. 

At Wormley, is the monnnentdf tbftt.etninent topographer and antiquary 
Richard Go ugh, with an epitaph, written, by hiquelf. 

At YardJeybury Sirfienry Chauncy wrote his History of this County, 

Byro. 

Mr. Urban, .dt^ust S. idfea9,' which render the temple of 

ADDISON, in hit Spectator, has so worship a scene beyond idle curiosity, 

elegantly andpathetically spoken a heaven on earth to its congregation, 

to our feelings in his visit to West- With these hopes and views we 

minster amongst the tombs and mo- , see many assemble early at Wisdom's 

numents of our anpestorf, that I can- gates, and silently pacing round her 

not hope any t|iing yf^ifh I can, of- , fabrifjkf . calniily viewing the me- 

fer on the suited - shpi^ld be either mentoiof her silent inhabitants, 

amusing or iniJtructive ; but yet as Passing in at |he Monmouth-street 

Gray has inunortaljsed the repo«i-. gate, of St. Gilf^s*s Church, a few 
tories of the tttlHihIe in. our church- - Sabbaths ago^ some I saw were view- 

vards, it may be expected that what ing PendriVs toiiib, and others the 

IS sometimes to be met with in these Belasyse monument at the East end of 

honoured plac^' which afe the way this handsome -Church ; but neither 

of all living, may sometimes yield the one or the other, I found, could 

a rooraeptary aifausement, and plea- easily be decyphered. Time is makin|f 

santly briojg; to ouf recollection events rapid progress in the destruction of 

or families long passed by, and but both these records of memorable 

for the piety ofreiatives, and warmth events and noble faipilies ; and, un- 

of friends, jperhaps for ever buried less you think theni worth a place in 

in oblivion. your evcr-livingCullection, it is feared 

Awalkin-our churchyards on the their inscriptions may be lost for 

Sabbath-day harmonizes the mind as ever. 

it were for the duties we are called I have endeavoured to decypher 

to, and incites reflections, and raises the Belasyse monument, and inclose it 

Gent. Mag. Augutt, 1817. lou* 

3 



! 14 Monument to LordBehayseat St. Giles's in the Fields. [Aug. 

3fou. It was, however, the pleasant simpiy ele^nt, very light, and I 

amuseineDt of two or three Sabbath have sonaetimes thought it beautt- 

nioroing's visits; I hope the record ful. It hasafew good inonuments; in 

will be of some amusement to ail 4 its North aile is a black marble slab 

^d if it meets the eje of any of the of that tried and independent patriot 

family there so highly spoken of, I Andrew Marvel, on which is inscrib- 

hope they will take means to restore ed a brief history of his life, 
this not very antient monument to its I read it many years ago, when it 

original beauty. was readable ; it is now scarcely so. 

What is recorded of Pendril, who If it has not already been in your Re- 
so industriously conveyed his Sove- pository, I will endeavour to trans- 
reign in zig-zag traverses from the cribe and send it ; with some little 
pursuit of his inveterate enemies, I notices of what perhaps may be es- 
m\i send you at another opportunity, teemed interesting monuments. 

The inside of St. Giles's Church is Yours, &c. L. H. 

INSCRIPTION ON A MONUMENT 
Jgainst the East wall outside of St. Giles in the Fields. 

On the Sarcophagus : 

The Right Honourable John Lord Belasyse had issue by his third marriage 

with Lady Anne Powlet, three sons and nine daughters : whereof 

three sons and five of the daughters died in their infancy: 

HoNNORA Lady Dowager Bergavenny, widow and relict of George Lord 

Bergavbnny, one of the coheirs of the said John Lord Belasyse, who 
died without issue the 6th of January 1706, and is interred in this Vault : 

The Honourable Dame Barbara Webb, and the Honourable 
Catharine Talbot, the two surviving Daughters and Coheirs now living. 

caused this Monument to be erected. 
Also the Honourable Isabella, the youngest daughter, who married 
Thomas Stonor, of Stonor, In the County of Oxon, Esq^. one of the coheirs of the 
said late Lord Belasyse, and dyed without Issue the 4^^^ of June 1704. 

On the base below: 

This Monument was erected in the Year of Our Lord ^736, by the pious directioa 
of the Honourable Dame Barbara Webb, Wife of Sir John Webb, of Canford 
Magna, in the County of Dorset, Bar^. and the Honourable Catharine Talbot» 
wife of the Honourable John Talbot, of Longford in the County of Salop, Esqi". 
«urviving Daughters and Coheirs of the Right Honourable John Lord Belasy^ 
second sou of Thomas Lord Viscount Fauconberg, in Memory of their most dear 
Father, bis Wives and Children. 

Who, for bis Loyalty, Prudence, and Courage, was promoted to several Commands 
by their Majesties King CHARLES I. and II. (viz.) having raised six Regiments of 
Horse and Foot in the late Civil Wars, He commanded a Tertia in His Majesty's 
Armies at the battle of Edge-Hill, Newbury, and Knaseby ; at the Sieges of Read- 
ing and Bristol ; and afterwards being made Governor of York, and Conunander 
in Chief of all His Majesty's forces in Yorkshire, He fought the battle of Selby 
with the Lord Fairfax. And being Lieutenant General of the Counties of Lincoln, 
Nbttiflgham, Derby, and Rutland, and Govemoar of Newark, He valiantly d^snded 
that Garrison against the English and Scotch Armies, till His Majesty came in 
person to the Scotch quarters, and commanded the surrender of it. At which 
time he also had the Honour of being General of the King's Horse Guards, in all 
which services, during the Wars, and other Achievements, he deported himself 
with eminent courage and conduct, and received many wounds ; sustained three 
imprisonments in the Tower of London ; and after the happy Restoration of King 
Charles II. he was made Lord Lieutenant of the East Riding of the County of 
York, Governour of Hull, General of his Majesty's Forces in Africa, Govemour of 
Tangier, Captain of His Majesty's Guard of Gentlemen Pensioners, and First Lord 
Commissioner of the Treasury to King James II. He died the 10th of Septem- 
ber, 16B9, whose remains are deposited in this Vault. 

He married to his first wife Jane, daughter and sole heiress of S'. Robert 
Boteler, of Woodhall in the County of Hertford, Knight, by whom he bad S'. 
Henry Belasyse, Knight of the most Honourable Order of the Bath, Interred in 
this Vault ; Mary Viscountess Dunbar, and Frances, both deceased. 

He married to his second wife Anne daughter and coheir to S^ Robert 
Crane of Chilton, in the County of Suffolk^ Bar^. who ako lies Interred hers. 

He 



I 



iajl7.] Belasyse/liwiiTj/. — QMVirrenAon ChapO^-^LeeFamtfy. 115 

He ntrried to hi* third wife, the Right Honourable Lady Amnb Powlbt, 
fteond daughter of the lUght Noble John Marquii of Winchsstee^ sister to 
Cbaklbs late Duke of Bolton, and is here Interred. 

On two flat stones opposite the Monument. 



Here lyeth the Body of 

the Lady Anne Wife of 

John Lord Belasyse 

daughter and coheir to 

Sr. Robert Crane, of 

Wilton in the County of 

Suffolk, Bart. 

She died 1 1th day of August^ 

1662 *. 



* This stone was originally within 
the churchy underthe communion table; 
but was here placed when the corpse 
(which was inclosed in a leaden coffin) 
was removed with some others to a vault 
under the North gate. 

Mr. Urban, fFycombCy July 91. 

IN reply to Viator (Part I. p. 504) 
who laments the ruinous state of 
the Monuments in.Quarrendon Chapel, 
aitoated (it must be admitted) in the 
moat fertile* part of the Vale of 
Jkytlesbury, of course yielding a rich 
rereDue to the wealthy Proprietor, 

iret intufllcient for the purpose so 
audably wished by your Correspon- 
dent. 1 presume the Lady to whose 
memory the Monument was erected 
in Aylesbury Church, was the wife of 
Sir Henry (there named Harry) Lee of 
Qoarrendon, in the county of Bucking- 
ham, Knight of the Garter. Sir 
Henry*s own Monument remains 
among the sadly-neglected memorials 
of antieot heroism and worth in the 
Chapel of Quarrendon, where other 
ancestors of the Earls of Litchfield 
and their successors in the family pos- 
aeflsions, the Dillon Lees, Viscount 
Dillon, of the kingdom of Ireland, 
lie entombed. 

I am fully satisfied that the lady 
whose singular epitaph Viator has 
irantcribed, was the wife of Sir Henry, 
because the inscription on his own 
Monument i is silent about his wife 
and children, who all died before him, 
and had sepulture in the adjoining 
parish of Aylesbury ; and it is certain 
that Sir^eory Lee, K.G. intermarried 
"with Anne, daughter of William Lord 



Here lyeth the Body of 

John Tal|k»t, 
Son of the Honourable 
John Talbot, of Longford, 
in the County of Salop, Esq**, 
by the Honourable 
Catharine bis Wife, one of 
. the Daughters and coheirs 
of the Right Honourable 
John Lord Belasyse, Baron 
ofWarlaby. 
He departed this Life the 
sm of June 1710, in the 9^ 
year of his age. 



Paget, from a branch of which familr 
the Marquis of Anglesey is descended, 
and that Lord Paget's two sons (en- 
quired after by Viator) were succet* 
siTely Peers of the Realm, vis. Henry, 
created a Knight of the BaUi at the 
coronation ofA^ueen Mary, and sum- 
moned to Parliament the 8th of Queen 
Elizabeth, and who died A.D. 1569. 
Thomas, his brother, succeeded him, 
and had summons to Parliament the 
ISth of the same reign. The Baronet 
family of Lee, of Hartwell, is descend- 
ed from the Leghs of the antient 
bouse of High Legh, in Cheshire, a 
different lineage to the hQt$y subse- 
quently Earls of Litchfield, Viscounlf 
Quarrendon, &c. and there is no cog- 
nizance in the armorial bearings of 
either family that indicate affinity. 

The Rev. Sir George Lee, bart. 
A.M. and F. A.S. rector of Water 
Stratford, second and only surviving 
son of Sir William, fourth Baronety 
and his wife. Lady Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Simon, first Earl Harcourt, is 
the present proprietor of Hartwell 
House, where Louis XVIil. found a 
kind asylum during some years of his 
exile in this country, which be quitted 
on the mornin? of the i^Oth of April 
1814, and made his public entry into 
London on the evening of the same 
day. 

Yours, &c. Antiquarius. 



* Fuller, who wrote upwards of a century and a half ago, says, '< that one entire 
pasture, called Beryfield, in the Manor of Quarrendon, is let year]y at eight hundred 
pounds, and the tenant not complaining of his bargain." What must be the pre- 
sent rental? See Fuller's Worthies of Bucks, edited by Nichols, p. 133. 

f The inscription, with a copy of which this Correspondent has favoured us^ will 
he found in a preceding communication^ p. 107. 

Mr. 



116 Shipwreck of St. Paul and Josephiuk-^/Is/aZ Duel. [Aug. 



Mr. Urban, July VI. 

I BEG to call the attention of your 
Reader§ to a singular coincidence 
pointed out by Dr. Gray in his '' Con- 
nexion between the Sacred Writings 
and the Literature of the Jewish and 
Heathen writers," lately published 
for the truly laudable purpose of 
" endeavouring to render classical 
pursuits subservient to the establish- 
ment of a well-grounded conviction 
of the truth and Divine authority of 
the Holy Scriptures." 

In the Account of the Life of Jose- 
phus, written by himself, there is the 
following relation : 

" When 1 was in the 26th year of my 
age, it happened that I took a voyage to 
Rome^ and this on the occasion that I 
shall now describe: at the time when 
Felix was procurator of Judea, there 
were certain priests of my acquaint- 
ance, and very excellent persons they 
were> whom on a small and trifling oc- 
casion, he had put into bonds, and sent 
to Rome to plead their cause before 
Cffisar; these I was desirous to procure 
deliverance for, and that especially be- 
cause I was informed that they were 
not unmindful of piety towards God, 
even under their affliction, but support- 
ed themselves with figs and rcngs; ac- 
cordingly I came to Rome, though it 
was through a great number of hazards 
by sea, for as our ship was wrecked in 
the Adriatic Sea, we that were in it, be- 
ing, about 600 in number, swam for our 
lives all the night, when, upon the first 
appearance of the day, and upon our 
sight of a ship of Cyrene, I and some 
others, 80 in all, by God's providence, 
prevented the rest, and were taken up 
into the other ship ; and when 1 had 
thus escaped, 1 had come to Dicsarchia 
which the Italians call Puteoli, I be- 
came acquainted with Aliturius, an 
actor of plays, and much beloved by 
Nero, but a Jew by birth, and through 
his interest became known to Poppaea, 
Caesar's wife, and took care as soon as 
possible to entreat her to procure that 
the priests might be set at liberty *." 

Dr. Gray is inclined to think that 
this account refers to the voyage and 
shipwreck of St. Paul, Acts xv. 4 — ^^13. 
and that St. Paul and Josephus were 
companions in the voyage and ship. 
Tvreck. The space allotted in your 
columns would not allow the argu- 
ments being stated at length; but it 



• See Life of Josephus, Whiston's 
translation. 



is briefly observed (by Dr. Gray, p. 
319.) that ** the accounts must ai 
least be allowed to bear a very r^ 
markable resemblance to each other, 
if not to refer to the same event; for* 
let it be considered, that in both 
accounts the prisoners are represent- 
ed to have been put into bonds by 
Felix upon a trifling occasion, and ia 
both to have appealed to Caesar. In 
both relations men of extraordinary 
piety and excellence are exposed to 
shipwreck in the Adriatic in the same 
year, and in both they wonderfully 
escaped by a remarkable Providence. 
In both histories they arrive at Pu- 
teoli, and in both instances the mri* 
soners are, by an unexpected inaiil- 
^ence, in some degree set at libertyv 
m consequence, it should seem, of 
interest made with the Emperor.** 

There are, however, diflicultiet in 
the case, which the Learned Doctof 
admits are not easily removedy and' 
present a fair subject for discussion. 

A- Layman. 

Mr. Urban, July 29. 

THE following Letter, dated Paris, 
July 25, addressed to the re* 
spcctable Editor of ''The Day and 
New Times,'' contains the particulara 
of a fatal Duel which took place 
last week in Paris, and terminated in 
the death of a most amiable and ac* 
complished Nobleman, the Count de 
St. Morys, well known to the literary 
World by his " TraveU in Scandint^ 
viOf^ his ** Tableau de la Literature 
du ISme Siecle^^* his ** Apergus mr 
la Politique de VEuroge^*' and tere- 
ral other works breathing the ge- 
nuine spirit of liberality, united with 
cultivated taste, and with the senti- 
ments of loyalty and true honour. 
The picture of black and sanguinary 
malignity which is exhibited' in the 
conduct of his murderer (for we can 
afford his antagonist no better desig* 
nation according to the statement be- 
fore us) is most revolting; but at 
the same time it is instructive in de- 
veloping the natural results of those 
principles which are^still atwor k for the 
subversion of the French throne, and' 
the destruction of all that is loyal 
and honourable in France. It is 
hoped, the French Government will 
act with due energy ; and cause tlrt 
murderer to be brought to justice. 
Yours^ &c. Homo. 

•*Toa 



1817.} 



Character of the Count dt 8tr Mofjfa 



HT 



<'Foa Mfly ImYe wen, intlie Jomrfml 
it Poms f and the Q'^oHdierme, a veiy 
d^ght n<^ce of a Duel, which terminate . 
cd in the death of one of the parties. 
The other JoarnaU have been precluded 
fiom mentjoninip it .at all : and means 
will doubtless be taken to past the 
blame on the Nobleman who feU ; but 
the troth is of too much consequeneoy 
ind throws too strong a light on the 
real feelings and motives of political 
parties here, for me to suffer you to re- 
gain in Ignorance of it. 

" ^fhe names of the combatants were 
the Count de St. Mqrys, a Lieutenant 
ef Ae Gardes du Corps, and M. Barbier, 
a half-pay officer. Of M. de St. Moiya's 
perMHial qualities I can speak with, alas ! 
m too painful an accuracy; for 1 knew 
him. well: and certainly a more honour- 
able, a more amiable, a more frank» . 
0pen4iearted, ingenuous character could 
not exist. To .the purest loyalty, be 
added the most perfect disinterestedness. 
With an ardent love for his country, he 
united a liberal z6al for the rational 
freedoin and solid interests of mankind.. 
He was passionately fond of philosophi- 
cal and literary studies, of the fine arts, 
and of the culture and improvement of 
his small estate in the country, to which 
be dedicated all the time that could be 
spared from his professional duties, and 
the requisite attendance on the Royal 
Person. Such was his disposition: his 
liistory was no less interesting to those 
-who have any notion of what true ho- 
nour is, and can distinguish it from the 
false and heartless pretensions to it, 
'which are but too frequent in the pre- 
sent day. M. de St. Morys's family 
nanae was Vialart: he was descended 
from Michel de Vialart, Ambassador of 
France .to Switzerland, in the reigns of 
Henry III. and Henry IV.; and by later 
alliances bis family was closely con- 
nected with one of the Electoral Houses 
in Germany. His father possessed an 
ample domain in the department of the 
Oise, and built there' the magnificent 
chateau of Houdainville in a style cor- 
respondent to his noble fortune. At- 
tached/ like so many other French no- 
blemen, to the House of Bourbon, he 
abandoned his country, his fortune, his 
beautiful seat, his fine collection of 
paintings and drawings, and took with 
him his son, then a youth of 17, to join 
the standard of the Princes at Coblentz. 
Here, after having served with distinc- 
tion in one or two campaigns, the young 
Count married a niece of the celebrated 
M. de Calonne ; in consequence of 
which, he afterwards accompanied that 
Minister on various missions to differ- 
ent European Courts. He subsequently 



travelled alone into Scandinavia: and 
returned to reside for some years with 
his lady, a woman of gfeat beauty and 
accomplishments, in England, whem. 
he cultivated the study of English lite*- 
rature with great success. The father 
died, gallantly fighting for his King and 
Country at Quiberon. The uncU Mm 
de Calonne, devoted all the wealth hm 
had saved from the grasp of the Revo-> 
lutionists, to the service of the Royal 
Brothers Louis XVIII. and Monsieur.* 
The son, having returned to France in 
the hope of contributing to the restor- 
ation of his lawful Sovereign, was ai>>- 
rested at the time of Piohegru-s plott 
he was kept some years in prison, an^ 
at length released on condition of go- 
ing to reside at Houdainville, wbept^ 
according to the then prevailing policy 
of Buonaparte's Government, he wa» 
even solicited to act as Maire of the. 
Commune. On his arrival at Houdais- 
ville, he found the splendid residenott 
of his father in ruins. The tyrants, who 
in the name of the Nation, guiUotined» 
plundered, and persecuted nine-tenths 
of France, had seized and sold the edi- 
fice to one Barbier, who bought itfov 
a trifle, merely to pull it down, and 
make money of the materials. The- 
evil was without remedy: and* Count 
St. Morys submitted to it with the ut- 
most cheerfulness.' Fortunately a small 
part of the estate had been settled on 
bis mother, who is still living. On this 
part, were the stables of the former 
chateau: and the Count actually con- 
verted his father's stables into a resi- 
dence for himself, his wife, and a daugh« 
ter, of whom he was justly proud, and 
to whose education he dedicated the 
most anxious attention. Here, peace- 
able and respected, he discharged the 
humble functions of a Village Magis- 
trate, he became a Member of the Elec- 
toral College, and finally of the Council 
General of his department. He pub- 
lished two or three interesting works, 
particularly his travels into Scandina- 
via: and being ever desirous of convert- 
ing even his amusements to general 
utility, he formed a new and singular 
collection of tfie various species of wil- 
lows, planting them for the purpose of 
experiment, on several parts of his pro- 
perty. 

<* One would have thought that of all 
men the purchaser and demolisher .of 
the chateau of Houdainville should have 
respected the Count de St. Morys. I 
speak not of that delicacy of sentiment, 
which might have led one man of ho- 
nour, to restore to another man of ho- 
nour his ancestral seat, for the mere 
sum it had cost him. 1 am aware, that 

the 
4 



118 



Character of the Count de St. Morys. 



[Aug. 



the liberality of the present day is far 
too selfish for such conduct as that ; but 
at least Barbier should have treated 
^ith the consideration due to his mis- 
fortunes, a man who owed those mis- 
fortunes to principles the most pure, 
and bore Ihem with equal dignity and 
mildness. Count St. Morys never 
breathed a wish for the restitution of 
his property. Before the Restoration, 
he knew it would be useless : after the 
Restoration, the King's confirmation of 
the tales of the so called National do- 
mains stood in the way : and Count St. 
Morys had been taught from his birth to 
consider the word of a King as sacred. 
This dignified, this honourable, this un- 
pretending behaviour only served to ir- 
ritate the mind of Barbier j for Barbier 
was a soldier of the Usurper, a despiser 
of the House of Bourbon, a hater of the 
man whose patrimony he enjoyed. 

** Circumstances soon occurred to em- 
bitter this hatred, to render it deep, 
malignant, diabolical. At the first en- 
try of the Allies, the Count was at Paris; 
be was one of the most active in hoist- 
ing the white cockade ; he with his own 
hands tore down Buonaparte's Eagle at 
the theatre the first night the Allied So- 
vereigns appeared there ; he was one of 
the earliest to offer his services, and to 
be enrolled in the King's Gardes du 
Corps. Yet even after the restoration, 
so far was he from any thing like in* 
tolerance, that he would not believe 
there could remain in France any serious 
attachment to the Usurper ; and be at the 
most joined in the good-humoured rail- 
lery of those who affected still to speak 
of Buonaparte as ' the Emperor,' and to 
give indistinct hints of the hopes they 
bad fixed on the Isle of Elba. M. de 
St. Morys was indeed reproached by 
some of his friends, as leaning too much 
toward the soi-disant liberal party, of 
being too great an admirer of the Eng- 
lish Constitution, and too indiscreet in 
the warmth with which he pleaded for 
the abolition of the Slave Trade. 

*' On this last point, indeed, be in- 
sisted with great eloquence in a pamph- 
let published at Paris in February 1815, 
and intended to sefve as the first part of 
an essay . on European politicks. But 
his literary pursuits were soon inter- 
rupted by the fatal revolution of the 20th 
of March. The Count de St. Morys flew 
to his post. He guarded the precious 
life of the King on the painful journey 
toward the frontiers. He remained to 
the last in command at Bethune to co- 
ver the retreat of Monsieur ; and after 
discharging that important duty, escaped 
alone, and with extreme dillculty, to 
^hent. 



** Meanwhile, at Houdainville, Ma- 
dame, and Mademoiselle de St. Moiyi 
were shut up, in a state of terror, and 
of real danger from the FsderSs, who 
prowled about the country, threatenin|f 
to plunder and burn the houses of all . 
the Royalists. Barbier, on the othctr 
hand, hoisted the tri-colour cockade, 
and came forward with alacrity in the 
cause of the Usurper. His triumph, 
however, was short: the second restora- 
tion took place. The Count de St. Moryt 
was as active on this as on the former 
occasion ; and was the first person to 
cause the white flag to be substituted 
for the tri- colour on the Palace of the 
Thuilleries. 

*' Barbier, pardoned with all the other 
rebels by his Sovereign, was too insignifi- 
cant an object to excite the; enmity of 
the Count de St. Morys ; but bis own 
violent passions would not leave him at 
peace. He continued to annoy and ci^ 
lumniate the Count as much as possiblei 
encouraged by those who take eveiy 
opportunity of creating an odium against 
the institution of the Gardes du Corps. 
At length he published a libellous pamph- 
let against the Count, in which he chal- 
lenged him to single combat. The 
Count hereupon presented himself at the 
place of meeting, accompanied by three 
of his brother officers of the Gardes du 
Corps, and a respectable neighbour of 
both parties, belonging to the depart- 
ment of the Oise. At this first meetinf; 
the other gentlemen asked M. Barbier 
what were the complaints against Count 
St. Morys. He answered vaguely, and 
was totally unable to assign any reason- 
able ground of dispute. Then M. de St. 
Morys said to him, with the utmost 
coolness, ' It is not you, Sir, that have 
been injured, for you cannot state any 
offence that 1 have given you ; but It it 
I who am the injured person, in conse- 
quence of the infamous letter that you 
have printed and distributed against my 
character. 1 therefore have the choice 
of arms, and I propose to you the sword.' 
Barbier refused. • The pistol ?* « No/ 
said Barbier, ' I do not choose that we 
should both fight with pistols. 1 am 
determined that one or other of us shall 
die ; and therefore I will have only one 
of the pistols loaded. We will draw lots 
for the choice ; and then we will meet in 
our shirts, without witnesses, place the 
muzzle of our pistols against each 
other's breasts, and so fire.' The Count 
de St. Morys thought he could not re- 
fuse even this sanguinary proposal ; but 
the officers who accompanied him, struck 
with horror at its unexampled savage- 
ness, refused to permit such a meeting 
to take place, and referred the point to 

the 



1817.] Fatal Duel— J. A . Thoerfs Sufferings. i 1 9 

the eontideratioii of tbeir corps, who the Count's fami^ ; especially his ami* 
nmniaioiisly decided, that it would be able and interesting daughter, who b 
t^dtHberate tummnatian: and that the just married, and whose affection for a 
Gardes dn Corps would be dishonoured father, who formed her mind with so 
tf they suffered one of their members to much care. Is carried to a pitch of en* 
csfage in such a duel. thusiasm. This subject is too painful 

. ** A gentleman, acquainted with'both for contemplation.— Adieu. £•" 

p«rtles» called upon Barbier, to remon- 
ttratie on his ferocious conduct, and in 
the course of the conversation asked 
him tbis question : ' Sir, if the loaded 
Mstol had fallen to your hand, and you 
iHid Tmown that ii woi loaded^ could you 
have had the heart to discharge it at 
your adversary ?' * Yes, Sir,' said Bar- 
biery * I would have shot him dead.* 
'Well, Sir, 1 can tell you then, that 
M. de St. Morys would have acted dif- 
ferently; he would have fired in the air.' 



Narrative of 3. A.Thobn's St^eHngi 

among the Kaadians. 

(Concluded from p. 24. J 

I WAS advised by the natives iowoMh 
very often for my disorder; and I 
did so three times a day. I recovered 
in about 15 or 16 days ; and I am uure 
it wa» the constant Chatty Bathing * 
that cured me, though I could not 
walk about much for a great while. 



•If he had,' said Barbier, *he would Benson was a good deal with the ^rffll 
have acted like a fool, and I should people^ and I used to follow him 



have given him no thanks for it.' 

*• Sach was the savage spirit of revenge 
and hatred with which this man pursued 
the person, whom, as I have above ob- 
served, be ought, of all others, to have 
treated with tenderness and respect. I 
own I am astonished, after this, that 



about just like a servant. He Qied 
sometimes to drill the natives a litttCi 
and on those occasions I remained ia 
the rear; but Benson did not know 
milch about the matter. A few. 
months after this, Benson went with 
the King and his army to Ampatetta^ 



•^ man pretending to sentiments of „ear Hangwell. This King's army, I 
hooonr, or to the character of a gentle, ^j^ | ^ , ^ J^ 

man, should have ever gone out ashis^^'o^ -. ^ a m*- 

Mcond. But party-spirit, I suppose, "e"' Some of our Lwcar. and Ma- 

blinded his associates to the atrocious 
malignity of his conduct ; and, in fine, 
each party was attended by a Marechal- 



lays, Cooliet, &c. went with him 
also ; though scarcely any but tha 

Coolies, and those were worth no* 

de-Camp and two Colonels. They met things ever returned. Benson was 



brought back about a month after- 
wards in a cloth by four men ; he ha4 
received a shoti under his left breast. 
The ball was cut out of bis back 
by the natives; he lingered about 
six weeks afterwards in great pain 
«• In England the bloody and preme- /|,ig y^^^^ j^,-„g. ^^^h swelled)^ and 
^tated vengeance of Barbier would un- ^^en died. I dug a grave and buried 
douDtedly affix to his crime the guilt of ^ j^^ " ° 

murder, and if convicted, he would as Afew day. before Benson's death be 
certainly be hanged. Here, on the ,^,j ^^ ^^l^ ^^^^^ ^^ ^^ subsistence 



in the Champs Elys^es, and fired four 
shots with pistols, which proving inef- 
fectual, they took to their swords, and 
the brave and excellent St. Morys was 
ran through the body, and died on the 
spot 



contrary, it will probably recommend 
him to the favour of a powerful party; 
the police will not suffer the name of 
my lamented friend to be mentioned in 
the journals ; whilst in the salons, and 
private conversations, care will be taken 
to represent the duel as having pro- 
ceeded from the insolent pretensions of 
an Emigrant, a Nobleman, and an Offi- 
cer of the Gardes du Corps. Nay, 1 should 
not be surprised, if advantage were taken 
of the Count's death to postpone, and ul- 
timately to refuse payment to his family 
of the sums due to him from Govern- 
ment, and already acknowledged as 



for Europeans in tbis country, and he 
told roe that he should inform the 
Natives that I could make powder 
(which I cannot, for I know nothing 
at all about the matter), and he gave 
roe some leaden weights, with which 
he said I might manage to make it. 
He had found this in a book, he said. 



* This hint respecting Chatty bathing 
is worthy the attention of every man 
who is desirous of preserving his health 
in the Kandian territories; the salu* 

^ brity of the custom is vouched for (and it 

such by the Commissioners for the liqui- is practised) by all the natives. W.H.C. 
dation of the Royal Accounts. t He received this wound at Hang- 

" 1 can say nothing to you of the af- well; and Major Pollock, in his official 
iietion in which this event must plunge dispatch, stated that Benson was cer- 
tainly wounded mortally. ^ 

and* 



120 Thoen^s Narj^ativec/hisStijffi^nngsamong'thelL^ndisLns. [Aug. 

and had nientioDed it to the Head did not know i but Mftjor Davie wai 

lleo ; fo after hig death they gave carried to Malabar-fltreet, where be 

Vie a (^reat deal of trouble on thii wai certainly taken good care of for 

iiibject, and said that Benson had 15 or sixteen daTi*. In^ this itreet 

told them 1 knew how to make pow- All the King's high-catt Malabar reta- 

4eri and they threatened me with tions live. A house was 'built £br 

dealt! and imprisonment if I did not Major Davie, there, and & garden lit 

do it, so I was obliged to consent to lotted to him: none bqt MalajbAca 

aifift them; but the powdef made came near him at this tiqie* Chii^^a^ 

was useless, just like so much flour, leie not being permitted to 4o io* .At 

They gave me arrark, sulphur, char- the end of this period we andentood 

eoal, and salt ; but I gave the arrack that he was very fick indeadf tmd 

to the different people who still re- that he either died in that homey or 

nained of our army (Bengal Lascars, when dyinj^ wat carried into the 

Coolies, Traders, &c.)* and who Jangle to die there; for it ii oot the' 

were sent to assist in this work ; and <*nstom of these people to^ allo^ ahT 

Ipu: Chunamb water with the pow- one to die in their own hoiite. If it 

der instead of arrack. And after- can be prevented f. 
wards, when they found this powder About eight years ago, when f WM 

inferior to their own, they said, **We a little unwell, I andentood fro/n 

eao make better than this ourselves." every one that Major Davie had re- 

And I hey were very angry, and told ceived some valaable pretehU frofli 

me to go away about my business, the Kin?, consisting or lifver platufc 

After this they took very little notice gold and silver chams, a fiiiver-hiltid 

of me. tword, different brass articlef, fte. 

I had an allowance from the King The King, it was said, *lso nva 
of S5 Laranges a month, as I was bim three servants (natives of Doa* 
toUt for I did not get it regularly; berah, where Major Davie aiwaji 
and sometimes received only one resided), and allotted to him two wo* 
month's pay instead of four. The men, at different times ; htithenevef- 
others (Lascars, &c.) had also a no- cohabited with thetn^ spoke to them^ 
ftiinal allowance, but they did not re- nor even allowed them to enter kb 
ccive it regularly, and often not at house, I understood that when Mi^^V 
all. If we asked for money, or an Davie died, the King took ijpackall 
s^Iowance, the Head Man would these presents. ' Although.I nevef sa«( 
say, *' Poh I what you receive is only Major Davie but onoe, I was alwftya 
the charity of the King, for he can in communication with biro; and bjf 
0rder jou to do whatever he pleases means ofthewoman who liyedwit)i 9109 
without paying you any^thing.'* All we used to correspond by letter. Mj 
the rest of our people (natives) were woman made inkwith burnt Hce, and 
compelled to work with- the Kan- bought paper in the Bazaar 1 and aha - 
dians, digging in the tank, levelling used to ehiploy Malabar and Kaodiaa 
the Jitreets, &c. ;. but I was never or- people in carrying these notes. Three 
dered to perform this service. They of these people, who were diKHiil^red; 
allotted me a piece of ground, on the were, 1 understand, pt|t to 'doith ; 
right hand as you enter the town from and I understood that the rikkon ith^ 
the Colombo road 1 and there I Major Davie was brought to Kandv 
built myself a house, and have lived was the discovery pf this correspond- 
ever since. I never saw either Capts.' ence. One of the men who infbrqiici) 
Humphreys or Ramley after they were against us was put upoq the spit (iip- 
taken. Major Davie I saw only once, paled) about a fortnight since. I na^ 
and that was about three years since, to l^uy things for Major Davie io.tho 
when he was brought intoKandy very Bazaar and send them to him. I gaTe 
ilpk, and carried in a cloth by four Kan- to the Bazaar man an order from MiJ. 
dians. 1 was not permitted to go near Davie on the Ceylon Govemment for 

him i ' he ,was hurried 4ip to- the King's • ■ 

pleasure- house, where he itas then » Qn the left of the Palace, 
sittmg. The King was beard speak- : ^ This simple aciount of the death of 
mg very loud and angry, but whether that unfortunate Officer*. perfectly cor- 
to Major Davie, orthosewithhim, we responds with, the best informations 
* The ingredients were ground upon that could be obtained on the subjecC 
a eurry stone. W, H» C 

« 600 



1817.] Tboen'sJV^rni/nptfQf Aa^J^^infiamoy^/A^Ktndiu^ 131 



IBM RW. sad I-drew for 50 pa^odit (\n 
l^Jor Dam's miiiie)-aBd stoned it. 



ij to sftliifj the Bazor-mao. 
no Sraor-maD waf discovered and 
fOt lo dooth) but whether the Bazor- 
nta ever received any mooey for these 
-MItldo not know. I think about 
fslhor mofe than a year after I was 
tri^Miy i was informed that there 
mre 100 £uropeans and 200 Sepoys, 
jtc. advaociog toward t' Kandy fror* 
'tke Batticatoa district, and 1 with ail 
tte other followers (who had been 
vadar Major Davie's conomand) was 
aiBMlwd off to Doroberah, and we 
vara tlMre guarded and surrounded 
aip^t and day, so that we could not 
escape. I heard that this party was 
tamiaanded by Capt. Johnson, that 
"be staid one night in Kandy, and then 
laarcbad off to Trincomalie, pursued 
bf the Kaadians. i heard also that 
lib amniiiaitions had l>een blown up 
at Kattagastatte. Several casks of 
arrack were afterwards found, and 
aone bags of rice. We understood 
that Captain Jobnson*s detachment 
nacbed Trincomalie without either 
iprovisions or ammunitions. The King, 
was in the same place as ourselveir, 
about three English miles only from 
Kundy: we understood that all the 
Rin|^s valuables were packed up and 
put into a place of security at night — 
amongst other thio<;s, the little Golden 
G^d* in the ^ve Temples or Churches. 
in the Temple belonging to the Pa- 
lace people say that Adam's tooth was 
deposited, beiog placed in a golden 
box, enclosed in six other larger 
boxes of gold : thit I only heard ; no 
one i« allowed to touch or see it except 
tbe head priest and the King. The 
bead priest is nearly as great a roan 
aa the King in this country ; and the ^ 
KtDg* rtRCS a little to him when he 
taet him, and makes a compliment 
to him. Once a year the Gods of the 
different templej* are placed on the 
tracks of elephants (in wooden cases), 
and carried round the town. After 
remaining about a week in Domberah 
the King and all of us returned to 
Kandy $ and the King made great re- 
joicings on account *>f the departure 
of Capt. Johnson and his detachment. 
From that peri«'d 1 have subsisted 
partly upon the allowance made me 

* No one but the King could sit in 
bis presence. 

Gent. Mag. Augutt^ 181 T. 

4 



by the King, and, aiJbhi tJkal f^Mi^ 
upon what I conM get from the head* 
men and others. I was not obliged « 
to work in common with all othen 
for the King at the Tank, the Oda* ^ 
gon, &c. but I was obliged to olfMsd 
whilst thev worked ; and when 1 was 
ill with the fever, for al»oot m 
months, I received no pay from the 
King. There used to be a drill ia 
the square before the Palace several 
tiroes in the course of the year, some* 
times for 10 or 80 days together i 
and this drill I was compelled to at- 
tend i but all 1 did was to walk aliout 
the rear: i had no arras. The prin- 
cipal person who had charge of thil 
drill was a man called Narranan, a 
Malabar (of the same religion as 
the King): he has tf)ld me that ha 
was a Madra$ Sepoy**, he always 
commanded the whole on the parade, 
ezeept the Malays, who were com* 
manded and drilled by two brothers 
called Coopen (a captain), and Du»> 
tain (a lieutenant). There used ge> 
nerally to be about 900 people in Uie 
square I but about u year Anee i re* 
member to have seen the square fuli 
of people armed: neither the King 
nor any head-men, nor Malabar rela- 
tions, ever attended any of these drilli. 
There was also a man called Pa- 
kierf, who formerly belonged to the 
Madras Artillery, who was one of 
the first men that deserted before the 
Palace was taken, he too attended * 
parades as a .captain, having at one 
lime about ISO Moormen, Bengalees, 
&c. under his command. About eight 
years ago I was very poor, and had 
not enough to eat I and at the same 
time 1 had a great fondness for a 
Moor girl, Isah by name, and she 
Jiked me, but would have nothing lo 
say to me unless I changed my reli- 
gion: these thingn, put together, in- 
duced me to change my religion — 
and 1 did so — 1 went through the 
forma, that is, / wa$ circumcizedi 
but I never learnt any of their pray era, 
nor saw their church yet; it was only 
for the name of t7, and to get some 
one to take care of me, 1 alwayt 
pray lo God ni^^ht and day in the 
Chrijttian Religion. I have one child, 
a hoy of about thiec years old. 

* Vide this man in the Court of In- 
quiry. 

f Vide Court of Inquiry. 

Ever 9 



IM Thoen'^i Ndrrative of his SajffiringsanumgtheKmdi^^ [Aug. 



Ever Yince the old Adigar was ber 
licftded (aboat three ^ears ago), named 
PaiiguiDfMiha (at which time there 
waf a rebellion), there have been 
plenty of executions ordered by the 
King; This Adigar I understand bad 
terred three Kings, and was the tutor 
or master of the present King i he it 
was who put him upon the thrpne. At 
that time there were about 100 put 
to death; and since that period I 
have seen several hundreds put to 
death by the King*s orders, particu- 
larly people of the Saffragam Corle, 
and some priests lately. 

About six or seven months since, 
three or four children of the Saffra- 
gam Adigar were put to death in the 
city I the Adigar's wife was there also; 
her young child was taken from the 
breasts, and its head cut off' before 
her face I the child's body was thrown 
on the ground ; the head was put into 
a mortar, and the pounder put into 
the mother*s hands, with which she 
^as obliged to pound the head of the 
child (the heads of all the four chil- 
dren were in the mortar). The bo« 
dies were dragged about the streets, 
and then this woman, and three other 
relations of the Adigar, were led to 
to the Tank side (the lowest of the 
three Tanks) by some slave women of 
the King-s, who tied their hands and 
feet, then tying a stone round their 
necks, they threw them into the wk- 
ten they (the bodies) have never 
been removed from thence that I 
know of. The King was looking out 
of a window at a distance all the time, 
and from whence he gave his orders : 
that window was not within view of 
the Tank : the name of the Tank in 
Chingalese is Bogamber, The usual 
mode of punishing was first flogging 
through the streets with whips and 
•ticks, and afterwards putting the 
people to ^eath in different ways. 
About two or three miles from the 
town, generally near the place where 
those 14 persons were impaled the 
0ther day *, they were sometimes put 
upon a stake alive, at others they 
were speared in the back first. 

About five months since 1 saw IQ 
persons punished (natives), who came 
from Colombo. One arm, an ear, 
and the nose, was cut off'from each ; 
lome died on the spot i and I was in- 

* About three miles from Kandy, at 
Ganarooha, on the bank of the river. 



formed that only one ever reached 
Colombo. They were said to be only 
traders, but I think the King pre- 
tended to take them for spies — they 
had, I believe, been here before wm 
traders*. 

About six weeks shice I wai ordered 
to march into the -Seven Korlei, no- 
der the command of the King's near 
relation Sinne Sammy, and also Vhtgm 
$ammy (another relation, 1 believeX 
I was veiy ^eak, having been ill with 
the piles, and could not well walkl 
but I was told that 1 must co, to I 
went only with a stick in id} hand. 
I suppose altogether there might bo 
about SOO armed people. I alwayi 
kept in the rear. We marched for 
about six days — I think about tO 
miles off*. These people were at- 
tacked about this distance from Kaady 
by the English troops, I would hiift 
joined them, but could not, at I 
was well looked after i and io the r»> 
treat I was forced on (pushed aad 
pulled), in order, as they iaid» that! 
might not be taken. When we came 
to the river near Kandy f (afler they 
retreated) they dispersed, and I weat 
into the Jungle at Akrooo, about 
3 miles from the river. 

I did not attempt to join the Bar- 
lish whilst the Kiag was in Kandy 
(although I might have done it, I 
think, a day or two before), because 
I was certain that he would put my 
wife and child to death t but as soon 
as 1 knew the English were in Kandy 
I came over to tbem, being as happy 
to do so as if j: I was born again. 
Taken at Kandy in Feb. 1815 ay 

desire o/ H. E. the Governor, 
(Signed) W. W. CLsaTSBa, 

Capt. 4 C. 

Mr. Urban, August 9. 

IN forpaing oar determination on 
the manners of mankind, we are 
insensibly led to inquire ii^to the first 
principles which influence them i and 
thus the question results — what power 
has Religion in their minds? In the 
course of our religious inquiries we 
must raise our eye to an elevation 

* This barbarous act has been detail* 
ed and commented on in the ProebuDa- 
tions of Government, and was one of the 
causes that led to the renewal of hosti- 
lities against the King of Kandy. 

f Katugastatte. 

X His own words. 

from 



mi.i 



Rr th€ AntmomianM. 



18S 



from iplwiice the teiieti of dificrcnl 
iBCif may be Ticwad without danger 
of difinay or infidelity, and without 
niflferiBg the feudt of diMentioa to 
Aake our own convictiont. From 
Ihb height we may be enabled to 
view- all the leadio^: outlines of every 
doemai and while our tcrutiny if 
veiled from observation, we may pe- 
■etrate into the ramifications, which, 
either from the aninioiity of zeal, or 
the more cennurable indignity of 
worldly motives, were originated by 
the iasti tutors of different sectaries and 
I wpirn(liiti, and are kept alive by their 
flared or ddoded followers. Pjrrho, 
the philosophical sceptic of £lis, 
CMkf not have discovered a field 
more fertile of subjects for his cor- 
Ikiual doubt, nor have indulged hit 
iiacy ia affirmation and denial more 
•Aetmilly, than in the scene which 
mi|^t be here presented, in the li- 
mited panorama of this Metropolis, 
of ui extraordinary diversity of sects. 
J* Cvant enumerates no lens a number 
than 48, which exist for the. most 
Mri amongst nst and though it is 
Mipasfible to view them all, yet it 
n»y not be unserviceable to the 
cauae of Christianity, to notice from 
thio lofty height, the opinions of a 
Oect denominated AiiTiMOMiAas; be- 
cause a few remarks may lead to 
•otne explanatory answer, to shew 
whether our ears or our sight may 
Bot have been mistaken. 

As their tenets were, at first view, 
from the name they have asuumed, 
▼ery alarming to the state of society, 
ila religious peace and security, and 
to the progress of the true spirit of 
the Gospel, 1 was first led to search 
their records, where 1 found that 
their origin bears date in 1538, from 
J^hn Ulebius Agricola^ who was a 
disciple of Luther. It seems that 
this great Rclormer at first preached 
the same iloctrine, but, upon deeper 
reflection and purer resiolution, aban- 
dcmed it. The scholar then assumed 
the tone of the master, whom he de- 
serted, became his inveterate enemy, 
and upheld the doctrine with intern* 
Derate zeal. During his contest with 
his master he alternately retracted 
and resumed ; and although it has 
been asserted that he never abandoned 
this tenet, yet it is stated by Jortin, 
on very good authority, that Luther 
had the honour of converting him, 
and bringing him b.ack to hit senses 



and hitdttty,^flysitfliiiffif qum e u w^mi 
Utndem Hi AoailitAr vi'fa, of qwmham 
vi9 impura^ Jusiificari ttmen osrai, sf 
m0d0 promUHonikui EvnngeHi crtimU 
LutherttB auiem Mm eopUne ^^tmi*- 
Sleidao, I. 19, S19. LifeBrasm. I. S9S. 

Raving thus inspected the aotieat 
r<»ll of this extraordinary sect, I waa 
next led to examine their tfenetst but 
I soon discovered thai it wa^ of far 
too laborious a seareff- to attempt to 
trace the reasons on which they are 
founded. 

They profess to be Believers, hoi 
that livinjg under the Gospel, the 
moral obligations of the law are use- 
less f that good works und a virtuous 
life are suspended; that the deca- 
logue cannot be duly performed i 
thit the Cross of Christ has abolished 
the ancient Law, •• for all things are 
mad^ new;** that we can have no 
righteousness; that our t»est works 
cannot promote our salvation, nor 
our sins prevent it, because we can- 
not fall from grace« nor forfeit divine 
favour once obtained; that wicked 
actions are not really sinful, nf>r 
violations of the Divine Law ; fcN* 
thi« Law is done away by grace, and 
by a better covenant; and hence that 
sins needs not be confessed, or broken 
off^by repentance! Nay it is said that 
Arm»derfj in the lOtb century, ex- 
tended this doctrine so far as to affirm, 
that good works were obstacles to 
salvation : and in these days it is com- 
monly taught, that the more sin the 
more does grace abound ; and hence 
to be good and virtuous would be to 
check the wide effusion of grace: 
that fre are justified by faith, and not 
by works*. 

If these tenets are not fairly repre-* 
sented, or if the sect in question do 
not maintain them, tliey have an op- 
portunity to disavow them ; but they 
will be cautious how they charge 
themselves with the grace of the Gos- 
pel, which is promised to repentance 
and consequent amendment. John 
Baptist preached to the astonished 
multitude, ** Repent, for the kiog> 
dom of Heaven is at hand;*' and our 
blessed Lord adopted the saute text in 
the first discourse which he delivered. 

Mat. iv. 17 — Mar. i. 15. The whole 

'- ■ --.---- 

* SeeErasmus'sLiteby Jorciii, bayle, 
Luther, and Agricola ; Diet. Portatif; 
Cyclop. Brit. ; Mosheim, Ursinus, Crisp, 
Saltmarsh, Gregory, and Church, where 
their articles are eoUecttd. 

sermoa 



124 



For the AtUinomians. 



[Aug, 



lermon on iht Mount it a diicoHrse of 
MoraiLaw-Mat.v: all the parables turn 
' vpon some cond uct to be thuoDed,sorae 

f precept to be fulfilled. ** Go and do 
ikewifle/' is the i^ever-failing text of 
the Gospel; and although faith is gra- 
ciously enforced, jet it isamplf guard- 
ed by thedutyaod obligation of theMo- 
ral Law. <* Whatsoever ye would that 
men should do to you, do ye even so 
to them I for this is the Law and the 
prophets.*' iMat. vii. 12. Luke vi. 31. 
-— '* Not every one that saith unlo roe 
Lord, Lord, shall enter into the King- 
dom of Heaven, but he that doeth the 
vrill of roy father, which is in Heavep.*' 
Mat. vii. 81. And this is peculiarly 
enforced by the comparison of one 
who heard these sayings, and did 
them, with one who heani them, and 
did them not. *< He that went about 
doing good," could not fail to preat h 
a law of righteousness for his disci pies, 
without which their faith would be a 
dead letter; for faith, if it hath not 
works, is dead, being alone." Ja. ii. 
17, In the celebrated epistle of St. 
Paul to the Romans, in which this 
subject is amply treated, his paren- 
thetic precept in verse 13 applies to 
the case before us, for he says, *^ not 
the hearers of the Law are just before 
God, but the doers of the Law shall 
be justified.*' And in the previous 
verse he reveals (if it can be said not 
to have been already revealed by his 
Divine Master), that ** as many as 
have sinned without Law, shall also 
perish without Law.*' — *' Not that the 
deeds of the Law shall justify us, for 
^y the Law is the knowledge of sin; 
for all have sinned and come short of 
the glory of God; therefore our jus- 
tification undeserved is the gift of 
mercy, being justified freely by his 
|i;;race through the redemption that 
If in Jesus Christ." Rom. iii. SO — S4. 
It ii clear that if none of us can attain 
auch righteousness as to fulfil the 
whole Law, something else must be 
thq work of our salvation; and this 
is the gift of grace through faith. 
But here the Meet in questiou stop at 
this point, and differ from all their 
fellow Christians; for when they af- 
firm} by the doctrines above stated, 
that the Cross of Christ has abolished 
-the antient Law, and that good works 
are obstacles to salvation, they not 
only contradict themselves, but by 
another tenet they assert, that the 
more wicked men are, the more grace 



abounds; for then it<thoold feeni. 
that iniquity produces the greater^ 
overflow of grace. Now |bis Ta noi. 
reconcileable with the portion uf 
faith, that God it of purer eyes than 
to behold iniquity. ** Depart froni. 
me ye that work iniquity." Matt. vii. 
S3. *' They shall be cast into a fur- 
nace of fire, and then tball the right* 
eous shine forth as the sun in the 
kingdom of their father." Matt* xiii*, 
43. The same gracious Lord wko 
came to seek and to save that wbitiv 
was lost, and went about doing gOiod*. 
left \i% an example that we ihould- 
follow hi9 steps, who declared that lie 
came not to destroy, but to fulfil Ibe 
Law. Matt. V. 17. ** For verity! say unt«M 
you, till Heaven and earth pass, one 
jot or one tittle shall in no wise pas* 
from the Law till all be fulfilled.— -« 
Whosoever therefore shall .break ooe^ 
of these least commandmeots, and 
shall teach men so, he shall be called 
the least in the kingdom of Heajren :. 
but whosoever shall do and teach, 
them, the same shall be galled great 
in the kingdom of Heaven." Matt, v, 
18, 19. And he recapitulated tbean-^ 
tient code delivered from the Holjr 
Mount of Sinai .to the chosen people 
of (rod, which he came to sanctify at. 
making part of the new covenant oC 
grace. '* Therefore let every oii% 
that nameth the name of Christ de-: 
part from iniquity." S Tiro., ii. 10. 
** Let them abstain from all appear* ' 
ance of evil." t Tb. v. SS. And 
with zealous minds in the true faiU)^ 
'* follow not that which is evil, hut 
that which is good. He that doth 
good is of God, but he that doth evil 
hath not seen God." Jqbn iii. ll•^ 
St. Paul fully pleads the. obligations of 
the Law and the efficacy of grace* 
but adds, *^ What shall we say then ?. 
shall we continue in sin that Grace 
may abound? God forbid," ^c. 
Rom. vi. I. and then proceeds clearly 
to shew, that if we believe in Christ 
sin must be dead in us; that we may 
be alive unlo God through him; and 
therefore that siu must not reign iu 
our mortal body (v. 11); for we are 
not under the Law but under grace. 
He then demands, *' shall we sin he- 
cause we are not under. the Law, but. 
under grace? God forbid." (v* 15.) 
In the same sense we read his argu- 
ment to the Galatians (i«. 16), our in- 
firmity in the flesh will prevent us 
being justified by the.wurks of the 

Law, 



1817^] 



For the Antinoniians. 



135 



fi Ixit by thefaitb of Jesus Chrift i 
^Qt tf whiw we teem to be justified 
hj Cbriit^i we ^uraelvtt are found 
ijioiierfl, bitherefore Christ the Miuit- 
terof MB? God forbid.-^ The apos* 
tie fMins aazious in both these letters 
\mm pre?eot the hftstj exuberance of 
tlie peaceable mind from raistakinif 
thm •ficaei of grace* through ^ pure 
liaitli, leading the followers of the 
Cioepel to believe falselj* that the 
bw was abolished, and that it was 
oot biodiog any longer apou them to 
pbapyfc its commands* as far to the 
■tteriDMt as mankind are able, be- 
rnKSum be had shewed that the blood 
of Christ cleanseth us from all sin) 
bnt rather that it was a propitiation, 
as St. John calls it (I John, ii. 1), a 
nsemisof shewing how to obtain mercj 
and salvation; that what we bad los^ 
might be restored to those who dili- 
geatly seek it, who by faith and pa- 
tieoee diligently seek to inherit the 
proflBises) and that thus believing, 
vse asighl have life through his name. 
Now the whole tenor of these pas- 
SBg€S,aiidof the lives of those who left • 
them for our instruction, is to shew 
fbat tbe Moral Law is still obligatory, 
aod that without a strict adherenco lo 
it, uo as that sin should actually be 
dead in us, our faith is vain. God 
forbid, would St. Paul say, that be- 
cause 1 have taught you the riches of 
grace, that it should lead you to cast 
off the best endeavours at holiacss ; 
if your good works are of too small 
reputation, through the infirmity of 
your flesh, to render you perfect, 
yet the grace of God will be suificient 
for thee, if with hearty repentance 
aod true faith you turn lo him. Put 
on then the whole armour of li^hi; 
shun evil, aod it will fly from theei 
let your loins be girded, and your 
lamps burning, as waiting for your 
Master's coming. — Now, I say, if 
these be the record of the Gospel, 
wherein is an Antiiiomiau a disciple 
of John Agricola rather than of Je- 
sus Christ, justified? Will Agricola 
do mure and better for him than the 
Lord of Life and Glory ? Will a dis- 
ciple of this restless and discontented 
disputant venture, in the face of the 
Gospel of peace and righteousness, 
to persist in dealing out a new revela- 
tion, that there is nothing binding of 
the old Moral Law of God, when 
etery clause of it is the govcrnid^ 
principle of the lives of all the civi- 
lised farts of mankind j aud when 



ourRcsdeeroer bupelf exemplified 41^ 
in every p*ge of his word, and sbewadr 
its necessary obligation for tbe peactt 
of society % and in the most affeetioa* 
ate manner declared, that every act of 
holiness and of brotherly love, would 
be considered at the last as ha vii« been 
done to himself when dying tor lub 
*' Inasmuch as you have done it nnta 
the least of these my hiMheo, ye have 
done it unto me.'* And to those wh« 
bad. rejected this command, and 
treated it as an abolished Law, bifi 
denunciation was . equally strongs 
'* Depart from roe, ye cursed, inlo^ 
everlasting fire— and thele shali go. 
into everlasting punishment, hot tn« 
righteous into lire eternal.*' Matt, 
'zjv. 41,46. 

But 1 forbear to multiply passages i^ 
I refer rather to the whole New Tea* 
tament, which 1 read in the sara< 
sense. I am anxious that the Jboii4 
of fellowship should subsist b^tweefr 
all believers in Christ i and that how* 
ever we may differ in nodes and 
forms, and articles of faith, yet that 
all these should bear a consistency in 
themselves. Crimes must not be JuslU 
fied. Offences will come, . but woe U» 
that man by whom they comei God 
must not be mocked |. Christ mustaol 
lead us into sin by his promised gracei 
love and faith must be without dissi- 
mulation ; we must abhor that which- 
is evil, and cleave to that which is 
good — else to what doth our faitb- 
serve? It would not be the seal, of 
righteousness, but the bond of ini- 
quity. Many, very many grievous 
sins have, I much fear, been com« 
mitted, both publicly and privately* 
by the spread of this Antinomiaa, 
creed, now revived with great energy* 
and in this religious period taking the 
place of the past infidelity; and many 
have been tau»;ht in their last .mo- 
ments of expiation at the gallows, 
that the blo(»d of Christ hath cleansed 
them, and that tbetr evil deeds are of 
no account before his judgment seat*. 
This is, as it appears to me, a mod^ 
of tranquillizing their last agony at 
■ the expeace of the Gospel, and doing- 
despite. to the spirit of grace, and 
rendering their dreadful example to 
survivors u mere ceremony, to satisfy 

"^ See a remarkable instance of this hi 
the case of R. Kendall, executed at Nor* 
thampton, for rubbing tbe Leeds Matl^ 
as t)rought forward by tbe late Dean Ni- 
ckuHs in tbe << Predestined Tbi«f/' dee. 
Edit. 

the 



126 



Account of the Family g/" Laurence. 



(Aug- 



the Ltw of the State* not the Law of 
God. It tends rather to justifjF, than 
to lead to reientaiice, in the crimiual, 
and to encourage rather thau to deter 
olbers from similar offences. Nor 
can it have the effect of preserving 
the peaceable fruits of righteousness, 
which are the offspring of a saviiig^ 
faith through the Qospel. 
■ But 1 leave it to the Divines, in 
and out of our Church, to take up 
this important point of revelation, to 
dwell upon it calml), and to build up 
the strong barrier of truth against 
Ibis too insidious attack upon \i% 
great design — the peace and welfare 
•f social life! A. H. 

Mr. Urban, August 7. 

HAD your Colchester Correnpond- 
ent added his name and abode, 
1 ihould have sent bim the wills in 
^aestion i but as they are too long to 
occupy your valuable Magazine, t 
mutt content myself with referring 
him to Registers Dixie 1594, and 
Harte 1604, at Doctors Commons. 

Richard Laurence is only known 
lo me at a political writer. Two of 
kit Works are in the Brtiish Mutieum : 
*' The Interest of England in the Irish 
Transplantation, composed and pub- 
lished at the desire of several persons 
in eminent place in Ireland, by a 
fiiithfulservantof the Commonwealth, 
Richard Laurence, 1655.*' In his se- 
cond Work, ** On the Interest of Ire- ' 
land in its Trade and Wealth, pub- 
lished Dublin, 1682, by Richard Law- 
vence, Esquire;" the Author iu the 
Preface tays, ** Having been in thit 
kingdom, August next, thirty-three 
years, one third of my time in a pub- 
lic capacity, in the civil as well as the 
military anairs, and for near twenty 
years past in my more private capa- 
city, as Member of the Council of 
Trade, the Searcher of all Hearts 
knows 1 have not the least gall 
or prejudice against the Papists, quia 
Papists, I having roan^ intimate ac- 
quaintance and kind friends amongst 
them, with whom I willingly ex- 
change kindnesses, whose ruine or 
misery would greatly afflict me ; and 
hundreds of them yet living will, and 
daily do acknowledge, when it vvas 
iu the power of my band to do theui. 
harm, it was in my heart to do them 
good. Many of them have removed 
out of other precincts to come under 
my ^OTCMimeut and protection i and 
HI the time of the Cfourt of Claims 



addressed themselves to me as their 
common solicitor," &c. 

In Baker's Chronicle mention if 
made of a Col. Richard LawreocOt 
who commanded a regiment at Dob- 
liu, of which he was dispossessed by 
Monk's friends, just before the Ret- 
toratiun. In Nicolson's Historical 
Library the Writer is stiled Colonel, 
and probably is the same Hicbard 
who, according to your Correspond- 
ent G. H. W. (Dec. 1815) had tho 
command of a regiment in 1649. Hcf 
however, could not have been tbesoa 
of the Lord President, who in bis letter 
to Sir Simonds D*Ewes, dated ldi« 
(see Gent. Mag. for July 1815) says, 
that his eldest son was then only IS 
years old. Nor could he be a son or 
nephew of Sir Thomas Laurence of 
Bucks, buried at Chelsea 1714, and 
of whom your Correspondent may 
find an anecdote in the New Atalantis. 

Your Correspondent (or rather the 
person from whom he derived his io« 
formation) has fallen into the usual 
error, of confounding the Laurences 
of Saint Ives with the Lawrences of 
Iver. The names of these resideuccs, 
their Christian names, their titles, 
and their arms (for of all the Lau- 
rences in so many counties, these two 
families only bear a chief — Saint Ivee 
on a chief Gules a lion of England, 
and Iver on a chief Azure, three leo* 
pards faces) % so many corresponding 
circumstances have misled tbe he- 
ralds, and one blunder has generated 
a second i but this point once rectified 
may prevent future confusion. 

Sir John Laurence, knt. of Saiol 
Ives, died 1604, leaving Henry the 
President, and John, ancestor of Sir 
Soulden Lawrence. 

Sir John Lawrence, bart. of Iver, 
Bucks, buried at Chelsea 1688, left 
Sir John his successor, and Henry 
Lawrence, a Turkey merchant, buried 
at Chelsea 1661. 

Blome, or Guillim, in his Bare* 
netage, having assigned to the Baro- 
net of Iver the Arms of the Knight of 
Saint Ives, EdmouJson has assigned 
to each of these families the arms of 
the other. The Laurences of -Saint 
Ives, however, have less reason to 
complain of him, us he has gene- 
rously invested them with the pro- 
perty nt Chelsea belonging lo the Ba- 
ronets of iver. This mistake Was 
the source of others. When' Biogra- 
phers, Prestwich, Warton, &c. found 
any deed of Crom well's council jMaled 

with 



1 8 1 f 4 Laiiretic^ Fdmily.-^Pumshmeni ef iht Stocks. ||T 



wtlh the Pref]deiii*t armi, they coiV' 
•ulted EdiDondtmiy and added, tbi^ 
the PretfUeot was of fiuckingbam- 
ebire. ' 

Coiet tboo^h a neif^hbour and 
pervooallj acquainted with Sir Ed* 
wiird Lawrence of Saint Ivei, hart^ 
tfte grandson of tbe President, has on 
one occasion erred with the rest. In 
hia collections for an Athenas Cantab. 
No. MT5, be has attributed to Henry 
taorence, the President, a Work 
published by Henry Lawrence, the 
Torkey merchant. This is the ac« 
eoant of a pious Work that suc- 
ceeded under the auspices of tbe Lady 
Lawrence at Chelsea, and is entitled, 
^The Baptised Turk, SigniorRigep 
Dandalo, only son of a Silk Merchant 
m the Isle of Thyo, converted from 
the delusions of the grand Impostor; 
Mahomet, and baptized at Bxcester- 
hobse Chappel, the 8 of Not. 166T'. 
iDrawo up by Th. Warmstry, D. D. 
je58." 

Sir John Laurence, of St. Ivev, 
bad, through these successive mis-* 
takes, become so identified with Sir 
John of Iver, that they were held for 
the same person. Hence the father 
of Sir Edward Bathurst, having mar- 
ried tbe widow of the former, the 
genealogists, who knew that she 
could not be the widow of the Baro- 
net, concluded that she was the wi* 
dow of Sir John Lawrcoce, Lord 
Mayor of London; thoup^h the only 
JLord Mayor of the name of Lawrence, 
io distinguished for his christian cou- 
rage and philanthropy during the 
plague, was in office in 1665, sixty 
years after the death of Sir John 
Laurence, of St. Ives. This mistake, 
originally inserted in various Baro- 
netages, has been copied by Sir Eger- 
ton Brydges in his account of the Ba- 
thurst family, in the new edition of 
Collinses Peerage. St. Ives. 

Mr. UaBAN, Jn^ust 8. 

ALLOW me to address a few words 
to your Correspondent Mr. 
Samuel Hawthorn. 

He is right in his law, but, I con* 
ceive, wrong in the practice he would 
recommend. 

Commitment to the parish stocks 
IS surely a punishment not intended 
for juvenile offenders: indeed the 
faults of children can never merit a 
discipline so severe. Mr. H. can 
have no conception of the pain occa- 



sioned b> restingiJbe wh^Je WMght of 

tbe body, for nh'} leugtn of tinM^ 
upon two sharp- pomted. bones, aoA 
keeping the feet in a horizontal ptm^ 
tion, or perhaps raised above tbe Je^ 
Tel of the seat « circumstances which 
.cannot always he Avoided in the ap- 
plication of this mode of punish menC 
In a very active service of many yeaiH 
I have very rarely applied it in aaj 
case, and do not think I shall eter te 
tempted to repeat it, nnleis opoi 
some unavoidable eqiergency. 

Some time since, having convicted # 
most incorrigible rogue of multiplied 
oflfences, which completely. justified 
me in so doing, I ordered him into 
the parish stocks for six hours. In 
less than half that time tbe constahio 
declared the man to be sinking nod^r 
the infliction of absolute torture i and 
I Terily believe a partial paralysis df 
the lower extremities woold have eO* 
sued, had I not remitted the retidoii 
of bis punishment, and directed hit 
immediate release. Many days had 
elapsed before this man could resuinip 
his customary labours i and although 
1 believe bis sufferings operated ^ 
happy reform in the rogue*s mormli, 
I felt that had he lost the use of a 
limb, or been compelled to draw his 
lower extremities after him, a misera- 
ble cripple for life, no legal justifica- 
tion of the act would have satitfied 
my heart that I had not done bior 
great injustice. 

My object in making these obser- 
vations is simply to warn Mr. H. if 
he be a magistrate, to be cautious in 
directing the infliction of this punish- 
ment, and ill all cases to leave a dis- 
cretionary power with the constable, 
to release the culprit the moment his 
sufferings seem to threaten fatal or 
only unexpected consequences i for, 
thanks be to God ! neither the spirit 
nor the letter of British^ Law will 
sanction or justify t»rture in any 
shape, degree, or mode. Your old 
Correspondent. W. A, A. 

Mr. Urban, August 5. 

NOW thatthe Poor Laws have been 
underthe consideration of the Le- 
gislature, 1 beg, through the medium 
of your Miscellany, to submit the 
following queries to the discussion of 
such as take an interest in the suh» 
ject ; and shall hope that the practi- 
cability or irrelevancy of my sugges- 
tions n)ay thus be ascertained, aod 

become 



128 Stieries relative to the Poor Laws, Agriculture^ Xc. [Aug. 



become the meaos'of eliciting lome- 
thing that may be Uieful. 

A Warvicksbire Clbrgtmaw. 
f^ueries intended to lead to an explanation 

of the principle, and to a practical ap- 

plication oftheA'^d of JElizabethf that 

immoveable foundation ofthePoorJJiWs, 
. Mi|;ht i»ot the principle be better un- 
derstood, and better practically applied, 
by placinfc the lame, impotent, old, ' 
blind, and others who cannot work, un- 
der the care of the Minister and Church- 
wardens, a competent number of the 
latter beings appointed according to the 
population of the parish, that each may 
bave a district nut too much for his per- 
sonal inspection, one to be employed 
only in paying the paupers and keeping 
the accounts, and to be remunerated 
according to the number of books re- 
quired, and pages occupied ? 

Where doubts arise as to the ability 
to work, the nearest petty sessions to 
take cognisance, and if necessary refer 
to the quarter sessions. 

As the lame, &c. are direct objects of 
national charity, might not a fund for 
their support be raised from the na- 
tional property, in the way of a pro- 
perty tax, to be collected and paid to 
the Treasury with the assessed taxes, 
and to make part of the minister's an- 
nual budget, which neither in the sight 
of God nor man would be less acceptable, 
by having this ing^redient of charity 
mixed with its usual justice. 

As the sick and infirm are the Church's 
care, might not a Committee of five pa- 
rochial Clergymen, to be nominated by 
the Archdeacon, meet at the time of 
the Probat Courts, before whom the 
Churchwardens should lay their accounts, 
from whom they should receive orders 
upon the Receiver General for the sum 
found necessary for the lame, &c. and 
also, orders for the removal of any such, 
where the comforts and advantage of 
the parties, and not their caprice, was 
nade to appear, and order the same to 
be notified to the Churchwardens of the 
place to which the removal is made, 
who might state his objections, if any. 

Might not the indastrious who want 
work, and the idle who want the will, be 
placed under the present Over&eers of the 
Poor, who should be authorised to raise 
a fund, by rate, upon the land, for the 
employment of the agricultural indus- 
trious, and punishment of the agricul- 
tural idle? And as the land will be be- 
nefited by this extra labour, the occu- 
pier and proprietor to be assessed in 
their due proportion. 

A similar rate upon the trading pro- 
perty, for similar purposes, among ma- 
nufacturers. 

The Overseers to make their returns, 



and lay their accounts, quarterly, be- 
fore the nearest petty sessions of maf^t* 
trates best acquainted with all local cir- 
cumstances, who should examine their ne« 
counts, grant levies, and authorise re- 
movals, upon just grounds, of conve- 
nience and profit to the parties, upon due 
notice to the Overseers of the place to 
which a person removes, and hearing 
his objection : such removals to be at 
the ex pence of the parties removed. 

The number of Overseers to be in pro- 
portion to the population, that each 
might personally inspect bis appropriate 
district ; one to pay and keep the ac- 
counts, and have no further eoncem» 
and to be remunerated according to the 
extent of his payments and accoanta* 
. The County Rates to be kept distinct 
by the constable ; settlements to remain 
as now : the need of them would rarely 
occur. 

Would not this division supersede tb* 
confined notion which generally pre- 
vatils, of the charitable principle of the 
43d of Elizabeth, and much of the per- 
plexity in the application? Would it 
not prevent many improper applicatkms 
by the personal superintendance - ob- 
tained, and much expensive litigation 
by the cons.tant recurrence to magiste- 
rial and ministerial authority, in the or- 
dinary arrangement ? 

It is not propofied by this Bill to pre- 
vent all difficulties, all abuses, all liti- 
gation, and all unnecessary eapence{ 
no legislative interference can correct 
human depravity, or supersede our morw 
tal trials. But to simplify that which 
time has confused, and correct that 
which has multiplied human abuses^ it 
within the ability of the legislative au- 
thority to enforce, and human reason 
to suggest. 

The first point for discussion is the 
parliamentary grant of a small benevo- 
lence upon the National Property, for 
the impotent National Poor. 

Offer of an Improvement in our 
Agriculiure, 
Being the Copy of a Paper received in 
London, June 26, from Afr, W« Forbes, 
at Dublin. 

1. THE Chinese Implement and Ma- 
nure are adapted to all soils, and to 
every description of crop. 

3. One application of the Chinese Ma- 
nure, which will cost only lOs.per acre, 
will be sufficient for three crofM, reducing 
the expenee to 3s, Ad. per acre for each. 

3. Cost of the Implement 5/. 

4. Land under the Chinese System 
must improve in condition every year, 
and can never be exhausted. 

5. All diseases of corn, such as smut, 
mildew, &c. and all predatory or de- 

6 struct I ve 



1817.] Offer of an Impratfemeht in our JgricuUure. ISId 



•tractive inieets, as wire-wormsy (rnib«, 
ilugt, aHd otben, prevented and ba- 
nished by this system. Weeds of every 
descriptiuh eradicated. 

. 6. Stiff stubborn clay lands brou^^t 
into the finest state of tilth, at a ^reat 
reduction of expence, so as to be worked 
to advatita|;e in all seasons. No impe^ 
dinent to be appicbended from either 
uret or dry weather. 

7* Crops cultivated in this way, ne- 
▼er injured by either a viry wet or very 
dry summer. No such things as a bad 
fifop can be seen. 

? 8. Lands on which the crops are sub- 
ject .to injury by water )y\n% on the 
8ar6ice» become dry and sound by this 
mana^roeuty without the expence of 
draining^. 

9. Where the cost of lime is po ptiat 
as to prevent its being used, the Chinese 
implement and Manure answer the same 
purpose as lime. 

. 10. Four Chinese Implements, with 
bne horse to each, will enable the Far- 
mer to forward his tillage as much as 
lour ploughs drawn by 16 horses. 

11. The Chinese Implement prepares 
the land in such a way, that after the 
wettest winter it will be fit for sowing 
as early as may be thought advisable. 
No weather can ever retard the neces- 
aaiy business of seeding) consequently 
the Farmer can get his work done at a 
proper time, and have his crop early. 

IS. Harvest will come in early, as the 
corn will have the natural season for fill- 
ing and ripening, and each crop will ar- 
rive at maturity in its regulai' rotation ; 
90 that the business of harvest can be 
ccmducted with satisfaction, and jiot 
hurried on in the confusion attending 
late ripening, and the crops coming to be 
harvested altogether. 

13. Land which has been fatal to 
sheep, by causing the rot, rendered 
sound and healthy by this Implement 
and Manure, and the disease banished. 

14. The land will be put into such 
condition as to offer at all times a dry, 
warm, healthy seed-bed, and the longer 

. the use of the Manure and Implement 
shall be persevered in, the more excel- 
lent will the state of the land become 
every day. 

15. The Chinese Implement and Ma- 
nure leave land in a better state of til- 
lage^ and more fertile after one opera- 
tion and dressing, than can be done 
with three plougbings, harrowii)g, drag- 
ging, and rolling, and a heavy coat of 
dung. 

16. Expence of tillage reduced at least 
fifteen shillings in the pound, and all the 
operations of husbandry expedited, 

G£r4T. Mag. August, 1817. 



17. The Chinese Impleaient and M»- 
nure are a sure and effectual remedy 'for 
all errors in husbandry, aritiiig front 
bad management in other respects. . 

18. The increase of produce will be 
imtnense x one fourth, one third, and ia 
s^me cases one half, more than at prteent. 

' 19. The Chinese Implement .can b* 
used with advantage at times when the 
land, particularly heavy clays, would b« 
so wet tha^ the plough must do incalcu- 
lable mischief. Laud under this ma- 
nagement will become dry in a .few 
hours after the heaviest rain, and admit 
df all the operations of husbandry, so as 
to enable Farmers to sow early, and hav« 
early crops. 

SO. The Chinese Implement and Mfr^ 
nure are equally adapted for the Farmer 
on a small or large scale, as oeconoiqyg 
simplicity, and great produce are the 
result. 

8h The entire tillage, meadow, and 
pasture land of Great Britain, may be 
manured at 35. Ad, per acre, per amnmmL 

32. Every man may be instructed to 
prepare his own manure in any quantity^ 
in each year, at this moderate expeucc 
of 35. Ad, per acre. 

*iZ. Early sown com is always supe- 
rior to that which has been sown late, 
provided the land be in good order. The 
Ciiinese Implement and Manure allow 
of sowing earlier than can be done by 
any other management; the land lying 
so dry and warm, that the corn cannot 
be chilled by early sowing, but will 
grow, and push out a strung root ; nor 
can it be afterwards injured by any ex- 
treme of weather, wet or dry : there 
cannot thei'efore be a bad crop. 

!S4. The Chinese Implement and Ma- 
nure wilt put the land into such condi- 
tion that the corn can, in its infant 
state, take good root, tiilow, and spread 
before winter, without being retarded 
by the weather, as is often the case, to 
the future injury of the crop. Corn by 
this management thrives so fast in in- 
fancy, that a greater forwardness itf 
gained in a week at that season, than 
in a month by other management. 

25. With the assistance 6f the Chi- 
nese Implement and Manure, at 35. Ad, 
per 2icre, sue crops can be raised inybio*- 
years, on indifferent land, two of which 
shall be wheat ; and this may be con- 
tinued for any length of time, the land 
improving every year. 

26. The usual diseases by which com 
of all kinds is injured in general, are en* 
tirely done away by the Chinese Imple- 
ment and Manure ; consequently the 
produce is greatly increased, and the 
grain of a better description. 

S7. 



130 Agriculture. — t\izv9\\\\9imMmeum.'^Lori^s Prayer. [Aog^ 

S7. A summer fallow may be given As it if pari of the directioof of hi» 

every second year, without the loss of a Lordship's will that a Muieum iboald 

crop (see No. $5); and the land put into be built, allow ine to suggest to tho 

the highest condition. Members of the Sooate, that as iDsny 

88. From ten to fifteen quarters of ^,f t|,g ^^g^ valuable Painlings came 

wheat /wfr; acre are obtained m China by ^^ ^^^ n^,,,^ ^^^^ j^ • j^^ ^^\^^ ^^^ 

the use of this Implement and Manure, ^^ Catharine, dauffhter to Sir Mat- 

^ir^'^^r^r XcStf^the 'l^l^^^r: f R%«od ia.Surrej. 

cropsof l8l6from wetweather,andthose ^»>?> "^^ <^ref «d a baroDct lo 1716. 

which will be found to have happened to ^nd who collected the Pictures i it 

the crops of 1817 from drought, can ne- ^o«|d be a proper mark of respect to 

ver occur again ; as all accidents or in- ^n® Decker family, that id auy coat 

jury of that nature will be guarded of arraM to be placed OD the new MiH 

against by the Chinese Implement and seum, the arms of Decker should b« 

Manure. impaled with those ofFtilmtUimm. 

30. Potatoe crop never ii\jured by Yours, &c. T. F. 

frost in Spring under this system. ^ 

81. Manure prepared noiir, to be ap- ,, tt mt . ^ ^ 

plied in Spring, and the Implement Mr. UaBAit, fFest-^quar^, A^. 4. 

made use of, will cause an increase next 4 LLOW me, through the ckannel 

year in all crops of one-fourth to one- l\. of your widely-circulating Mit» 

half more to the acre. Expence of in- cellany, to submit to the cooiideni- 

gredient for Manure only 3/. 4rf. per acre ijon of biblical scholars, whether the 

•**^^*^![?JJ'. . ^. . w , J concluding petition in the L0r4*9 

32. With the Chinese Imp^nient and p^ „^j f^j^l y^^ ^ 

Manure, there can never be a had crap m injerpreUtiou more eitensi/e aulln* 

^'^asm. ^^t„^^e summer be wet or ^^^Jj ^^ ^^ j^j ^^ . 

dry, the crop will be abundant. ,. •* .^ :* . • 

33. Every object usually sought for by r4U"y given to it. 

expensive implements, new modes of \ «*> "^^ «>«'« a"»ae to tou montfem, 

management, and every variety of costly or intend to offer any remark oo ikm$ 

Manure, can be obtained by the Cht- expression} it being of bo coose- 

iiese system here proposed; reduction in quence to the present qoestioOy whe* 

expence, an early harvest, abundant ther vovripov be masculine or neutei^— ' 

crops, superior condition of the land, whether it signify evil or wiekedneu. 

and its fertility permanently established, ^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^ kicked one-- or whe- 

with Manure m abundance, every year ^^er, in this latter acceptation, it 

at 3/. 4rf. per acre. ,,,^^il j ^^ understood of Satao him- 

Can one half, or any part, of this be telf, or any of his votaries or ▼ice- 
true, in practice and effect? Cannot gerents on earth. It is sufficient thai 
the whole be tried and proved by proper ^^ p^y to be delivered or reeeu^d 
experiments.^ 1 he Proposer desires to from an friY or mischief of some kind* 
be called on by some general expression, 3^^ ^^ j^ ,,, ^^^ ^^,^j „ ^^^. „ ^ 
or proper discretion of the Agricultural ^.. «,».„,: „ • j- . j 
Body of Britain. No profit or advan- ""^ k''?k?k " 5"*'''^^*^' . u u 
tage to th^ Proposer is considered in the , *" ^''}^ J*J« Evangelists who have 
estimate of expence of 10*. per acre for transmiUed to us that excellent form 
the ingredient for Manure, or of the <>» prajfcr, the word, employed to 
cost of 6/. of the Implement proposed, express the deliverance^ is puoeu, a 
This Prospectus appears to have been ^trb of the middle voice: and it i#, 
drawn up in May, just before the late at the present day, xuiliciently known 
timely rains and recent fine weather, to every Greek Kchotar, that, iu ou- 
and when the vicissitude of rfroif^A^ was nierous instances, the middle voice 
feared by many with us, and throughout fa^s the force of what the French very 
Europe, for this season. properly term reflected verb$^ of whicb 
^^ ^' the action, reverting, in some way 
• or other, to the agent, operates ottf 

Mr. Urbaw, j4uf^ust ^20, or /<>, or/or, or againsl him* 

I^UB noble bequest of Lord Vis- Olthiii power in the Greek middle 

. countPilz^viiliitmLollieUniversily voice, and of the marked distinct ioii 

of Cambridge has hren duly recorded between it and the active, I shail 

in }Our \()l. LXXXVI. Part i. pp. here content myself with quoting two 

189, 367, 627 ; vol. LXXX v'ii. Part striking examples — the one from Ho- 

i. p. 537. mer> the other from Anacreoii. 

la 



Col 



1817.] lAiri^s Prmfir.^(kl. Barr£.~KiUigrew FomUtf. 1 \ I 

fa Hdflier (Iliad A), wtee Ckn^w 
coiiief tatbe Greciiio canp lo ttmm 
hit daagirtbr, tke aetifto voice it (Mm 
mmA to tsprett the deed ef ^ 
Chpeekt in r0lmaimg or giving up thelf 
prifMer« "vis. xswttm and piv^w (vt« 
SO aid 8f)i and the fame ▼erb ii em- 
ployed 10 tiM fliAWI# Toice for hit o** 
MMmr ^k^v* relref»« and r ee w we ri mg 
M»r fr MMiv{f«-«Xu0iofAfyo; n 9vyoT|^ 
▼• It. 

Bxaetly timilar ft the contratt in 
AvncreoB, Ode 90, where the miiM 
ttli fcej XMrK^dfltf, it applied to Yeani, 
aMkl^; to reiwem and recover her 
ci^«# boj; and the actiTe* Xvon, 
to tbo party telling him free^ aiut 
gMmg km up. 

The distinction, in both theiecates^ 
it loo ttrikiaj^ and ob? ioot to be oier- 
lookad or mistaken i and thete alone, 
^Iboni any of the nnmerout addi* 
tioMil anthoritiet whicb mi|^bt he ad- 
4lieed, wonid (as 1 concoiye) be tof- 
jpcieot to justify ui in eonsidicing the 
ituddle terb fuvtu, in the Lord't 
iPnyer, at a reeled v#r&, and ac- 
cordingly translatinf^ it, ** reMcme ue 
tm [of fori lhif$elf*-A, c. " re$cue u$ 
JremC^ the tsrompo; or «ro»ifpoy, ^^ttndlake 
me imlo iky awn prelecli&n.*' 

I am. Sir, your humble servant, 
and constant reader, John Carey. 



Mr. Urbah, ^^g» 7. 

IN a late Number, a person under 
the name of '* One of the Pack*' 
prodoces a letter written by William 
Oreatrakes in the year 1715, aod an- 
aigos to the iate Colonel Barr^ the 
character in it called ** the worthy 
Colonel." 1 knew Col. Barre long 
before, and much iouger after that 
period i and neter saw or heard any 
circumstance that could lead me to 
suppose it possible " the Colonel** iu 
that letter could be intended for him, 
whose conduct was, in every thing 1 
ever taw or heard, entirely the re- 
Terse. At that period be lived in 
Manchester Buildings, the last house 
on the right side towards the Bridge, 
where he had a handsome, though 
not a large establishment, and receiv- 
jed dinner-company not unfrequeotly. 
His name had been then struck out of 
the Army List for his conduct in Parlia- 
ment. 1 do not know what his funds 
then were, excepting that from a oa- 
it?e property in Irelaml, 1 think in 
publin. he received about 300/. a 



yaar* llomaa,kbltpriTalo<huao» 
ter, could be more amiablOi sofo 
gentle, or loore Mendly i bit iolo* 

ty no man will doibl. If Ibo 

olooel 4n the letter be certainly bn 

tended for him, it mtttt bave bedn bi 

aome circumttanoet, not hit owoy bl 

wUch he wat agent for another. 

Eol for thit call I do not know *t 
sbooli bare meationed what little I 
know of the Kiiligrew family. 

Mr. Si|v|jDley, the younger brotbor 
of the lalo-irf^rd Berkeley of Strattoi^ 
married the beirest of the Comitb 
branch of that ivmlv, whote propert? « 
near lo, and mcbMMg Falmooth, la 
vested in Lord Wodebnosa» who niniw 
rted Mr. Berkeley *t only daopbant 

There wat also a branch long tettied 
at Thomham, in Suffolk^ The lut 
Repretentatire died a Bachelor abooi 
the Tear 1759, and left his property 
to his godson, the late Rev. Mr; 
Tyrell, who afterwards succeeded ip 
hit family estates of Gippiug. TKif 
Mr. Kiiligrew was in the frequent 
habit of makii^ wills, and every will 
appointed a different heir: he dteo 
tuddenl v,and had tent a few days beforji 
for his lawyer to make another will. 

A Colonel Kiiligrew appears to hajrf 
been the nearest relative to this manji 
and left a daughter, lately living bi 
Portman-tlreet. 

The Thornham estate was purchat- 
ed by Sir John Major, and is now the 
residence of Lord Henhiker. In the 
Tyrell family is the gold knife and 
spoon of Charles II. and the picturesbf 
the Kiiligrew of that time. 

Yours, &c. R. S. 

Mr. Urban, M, Temple^ Aug* 6.' 

IN the dif^ereni Guesses at Junius, 
I have not seen noticed the follow* 
ing remarkable lines in a letter <»f 
Daniel Wray, esq. to the late Lord 
Uardwicke, Nov. 22, 1772. 

<* The divisions are great in the Be- 
siegers' camp ; particularly between 
JLiord T, and C ■» w, about the author 
oi Junius* t Letters.*' 

On these lines the late Mr. Justice 
Hardioge, Mr. Wray*s elegant and 
afteciiooate Biographer, reiuarkss 

** These few words are of no trivial 
import; and they wonderfully confirm a 
passage in a conversation between L4frd 

O n (evidently CkimdenJ and me. Ho 

told me, that many i hiiigs in Jusuus 
convineed him, that the materials were 
prompted by Earl T U; and he 



132 



Junius. — His " Letters^'* ch&racterixed. 



[Aug, 



mentioned, in particular, a confidential 
statement, which had been made in 
private, between Lord C h . m. Lard 
T le, and Lord Camdem which, 
from the nature of it, could onhf have 
been disclosed by Lwrd T, through «/tf- 
fiMM to the publick.*' 

See the *« Illustrations of the Lite- 
rary History of the Eighteenth Cen- 
tury ,'* vol. I. p. 146. 

In the same volume, p. 169, the 
Rev. William Woliaiton is hy mistake 
called Esquire. Caraooc. 

Mr. Urban, August 9. 

THE Letter of Mr. Greatrakes, in- 
serted in Part i. p. 499» has re- 
vived the recollectioi^ of the long- 
agitated controversy respecting the 
celebrated Junius. To me it appears 
that Mr. G. has an equal, if not a su- 
perior claim to contest the palm (if I 
nay be allowed to speak of a post' 
humous contest) with any of the can- 
didates who have yet been named. 
But I doubt whether some (whose 
friends have been zealously endea- 
"vouriu^ to increase their literary 
fame by the attempts to prove the 
Identity of Jimiuf) would be gratified 
by the award of the cbaplet which 
bas been so eagerly coveted to deco- 
rate their tombs. The superior dic- 
tion and elegant language of Junius 
bave placed him high amid the ranks 
of our British Ctaksicks ; aud bi^ let- 
ters haye long been considered models 
of excellence in epistolary composi- 
tion. They breathe also the spirit of 
Liberty, and they advocate the cause 
of the oppressed : no wonder, then, 
that the deformity of the sentiments 
they contain should sometime! be 
concealed by the beauty of the orna- 
ments vf'ith which they are invested ! 
I well remember, when young in 
years and in judgment, I was an ar- 
dentadmirer of tbatcelebrated Writer: 
and in the elegance and apparent 
^andour of bis style (and giving full 
credence to his assertions) 1 over- 
looked the malignity of heart which 
Jed him to traduce the best of Sove- 
reigns*, and, regardless of truth, viru- 
lently to slander the highest Charac- 
ters in the Nation: whilst, like the 
cowardly assassin, whose blows are 
aimed in the dark, he remained secure 
from detection, behind the impene- 

* See particularly the letter to the 
Puke of Grafton^ dated June 33^ 1771. 



trable clond of obicorily which h« 
had thrown around him. 

Junius well knew that literary ex. 
cellence could not atone forthecrimet 
of falsehood, malevolence, and d6> 
traction ; and that with the mytfic/rai, 
the charm which softened the odium 
of his gnilt would be dissolved t and, 
the real calumniator known, a severe 
retribution would follow the dis» 
covery : el«c, why so anxious to con* 
tinue the concealment beyond the 
grave ? — It has been said that there 
are some who could, if they chose^ 
elucidate the mystery; but, till better, 
proofs have been given than haire 
yet appeared, I must doubt the asser- 
tion: It is contrary to the whole ter 
nourof Junius*s conduct ; bis memor- 
able words were, *' I am the sole de- 
positary of my own secret, and it 
shall perish with me *." It is not, 
therefore, probable that he admitted 
any to his confidence on this subject i 
and I think the only proof we slialf 
ever obtain as to who the Author of 
this sentence really was, must be pre- 
sumplive. Why should we so eagerly 
wish for more ? Would that his ma- 
lignity, with his name, were for ever 
buried in obscuritv ! but, alasl the 
poison was too subtle, and too skil- 
fully compounded, soon to lose its 
noxious particles: the venom still re-' 
mains, and may, perhaps, descend to 
future ages. The writings of former 
libellers met with the fate they merit- 
ed, and their authors were consigned 
to contempt or infamy x but it re> 
mained for a man of genius, erndition, 
and skill, it remained for Junius, lo 
erect a fabric, which, though com- 
posed of the worst materials^ should 
be so adorned and beautified as to at* 
tract the admiration of posterity, asd 
remain a model for (he imitation of 
future discontented political archi* 
tects. Imitators have not been want* 
ing, and the land is now over-run by 
a tribe of wretches who bave zea* 
Ipusly endeavoured to complete the 
mischief which Junius in an evil hour 
began. Institutions and characters 
If hich were once held sacred are now 
reviled and held up to the scoro and 
derision of the lowest of the people* 
But these incendiaries, though they 
po4sess all the falsehood and roalevoi- 
lence of their prototyfie, are, happily 
for us, deficient in the abilities wtoich 



* Preface to " Letters of Junius." 



he 



I.S174 AtUlwr a/; Juoias*! Leitersf—S^ W. Jonei. 1S3 



he t» ^ ii l a e itly f rnmuU s wo nuijs . 
tberefafe» li«pe that the day it «ol. 
far diifMit, When tbaif Writiiijrf (IXkt 
tliow of Miliar libellout fcribblcft), 
shall be coiMigaed to the obiirioa 
they ^Mervo. Thaaki to the wiik 
dl<HR aoi /fiplasce of oor present 
Halen, «a mUUMe to the jioiioa to 
iriMy dMeoMnated hat been made 
pto of. Bat, 1 am toqchiog mpoo a 
tofpie wbldi ii foreign to my purpose: 
fl^«aolo deiif^n in occnpyioe a portion 
qf yonr Yiloable Miscelianj if, to 
profo that the Letters of Janius baTo 
■aea toohighly extolled, and that, in* 
ftendl of eoleavQaring lo discover the 
real Aalhor, in order to faanfp the 
ekaplet of fame upon his um, we 
0«gbt to hope that his name may for 
ever rest tii the obscnrily he so 
anzioiMly desired, lest the discovery 
sboald detract from the merits of 
•Qme character whom we hare hi- 
therto regarded with reiteration (re- 
quieicatin pace!) ■ lond we onght also 
ckarilably to hope, that the miichief 
Jmiliis has occasioned, he. never ima- 
f^mtd possible to occur at the time ho 
waa-penamg his celebrated invectives* 
¥oors, &c. C. I. S, 

Ow the mu€h'agiiated Qtieslion, ss^ 
sa«s the Author of the Letter* iub^ 
Mcribed ** Juoiui.'* 

f* De hoc muld mult a, oi^nis aliquld, 
nemo satis." 

Mr. Urban, Augutt 12. 

OF ibis question, as my motto ex- 
presses it, many persons have 
said much, every body something, 
and no one enough ; at least no one 
has brought forward evidence sufl$- 
fient for us definitely to conclude 
who was actually the Junius, \ may, 
therefore, if the truth thereof be ad- 
mitted, without being considered pre- 
sumptuous, lay before your Readers 
snch evidence as in ^he course of in- 
vestigating this question has arisen 
and been suggested to nie relative to 
another and a uew candidate for the 
honour of writing tt^e Letters 1 ha^e 
mentioned. 

But on a question, the answer (o 
which is so confessedly diflicult to at- 
tain, and its object so long and care- 
fully, and I might almost add artfully, 
concealed, direct evidence or demon- 
stration cannot nor will be expected. 
Much of what is advanced must be 
advanced rather as probable than cer- 
tain i and where there is little poiHiv€ 



informa|iop» Uie CMdosrao ofleii eie*' 
perienced by others from you wbA! 
your Readers will, I trost. ke extettfaf^ 
to me,, by acceptm^ sqca sotices •«. 
can be obtained by mference and dfl^^ 
doction. Nevertheless, what 1 shaiLi 
lay before you, I am fully persnadoiy: 
will be such as to meet every obja**- 
tion that has been brought agaiaslr 
former, and might be opposed to tbft* 
present dalmant, and at the samo* 
time to prodoee to every unb iass ed' 
mind a conviction that the AothcMr of' 
those elegantly elasiieal Letters wit.' 
that eminent Lawyer and mcNit pro- 
found and accomplished Scholar^ Sir' 
.William Jones. ' 

Believe me. Sir, I do not attribute 
them to him upon a cursory conu^. 
deration of the question, but after a 
minute and critical investigaUoo of it*' 
And, indeed, if the merits of all tho 
preceding claimants bo examined, and 
the? are in niunber no less than S8, H^ 
will most indubitably be found tbat- 
there has not, nor can be [^ rodoeod-: 
one more unexceptionable n eteitf^ 
respect, one mora eminently qualifiei' 
for the tMk, as a Lawyer or a Writer,' 
si Patriot or a Scholar. 

^ The several eharttcteriiiicks of Ja- 
nius Mr. Woodfalt has summed up in' 
his introduction to the Lettert; and' 
concludes by saying, ** what other$ he 
may have possessed we know not, but 
these are sufficient, and the claimant 
who cannot produce them conjointly* 
is in vain brought forward as tlie An-^ 
thor of the Letters of Junius." Sir 
WiHiam Jones answers to them com- 
pletely; by them have I tried him,' 
and by them 1 will hereafter proTOf 
him. 

Having thus far gone into the qnes-' 
tion, it is my intention, Mr. Urban, 
should this obtain admission into 
your respectable Magazine, in one or 
more of its future Numbers, to shew 
that Sir William Jones can stand what 
may be termed Mr. Wood^al^sifsf 
in every particular. And as I intend 
to divide this test into small yet dis- 
tinct portions, to enable me with 
greater facility and perspicuity to give 
a full answer to each, it may not be 
improper to introduce it here a^ 
length in Mr. WoodfalPs own words, 
which are as follow : 

<< Tbat the Author of the Letters 
signed Junius was an Englishman of 
highly cultivated education, deeply vers- 
ed in the Language^ the Laws, the Con- 

stAtution, 



134 On Cheap Circulating Libraries for the Poor. , [Ati|^» 



ititution,and History of bis native Coun- 
try : that he was a man of easy if not of 
AflRuent circumstances, of unsullied ho- 
nour and generosity, who bad it equally 
in his heart and power to contribute to 
the necessities of other persons, and 
•specially of those who were exposed to 
troubles of any kind on his account: 
that he was in habits of confidential in- 
tercourse, if not with different Members 
of the Cabinet, with politicians who were 
intimately familiar with the Court, and 
intrusted with all its secrets : that he 
had attained an age which would allow 
him without vanity to boast of an ample 
luaowledge and experience of the world : 
that during the years 1767, 8,9,1770,719 
and part of 177^, he resided almost con- 
•tantly in London or its vicinity, devot- 
ing a very large portion of his time to 
political concerns, and publishing bis 
political lucubrations under different 
signatures in the Public Advertizer: that 
in his natural temper he was quick, irri* 
table, and impetuous, subject to politi- 
cal prejudices and strong personal ani- 
mosities ; but possessed of a high inde- 
pendent spirit, honestly attached to the 
principlei of the constitution, and fear- 
less and indefatigable in maintaining 
them; that he was strict in his moral 
conduct, and in his attention to public 
deeorum; an avowed member of the 
Established Church, and, though ac- 
<|ttainted with English Jurisprudence, 
not a Lawyer by profession.*' 

Tbis is the test whereby we are to 
try every candidate for the honour of 
being the Junius; and by it, I trust, I 
•hail b«,abie, at a future opportunity, 
satisfactorily to shew (in Junius'sown 
words) '* that there uever existed a 
man but himself (Sir W. Jones) who 
answered exactly to so complicated a 
description." With this assurance 1 
take my leave, and subscribe myself 
Yours, &c, J. OXanfrac, 

Mr. Urban, j^ug, 13. 

IN Part I. p. 328, you inserted a 
Letter relative to the formation 
of Cheap Circulating Libraries, for 
the diffusion of religious and use- 
ful knowledge, amongst the poorer 
classes of society. The following 
plan is submitted to the publick for 
their approbation. It seems needful 
that some plan should be adopted to 
counteract the circulation of such dis- 
loyal and blasphemous publications as 
have of late been disseminated with 
Incredible activity. 

The progress of edocal ion and know- 
Jfodge amongst the bul]c of the people 



imperiously demands that tbey ihooU . 
be furnished with the best means of 
indulging their curiosity. For tbis 
purpose it appears that the principle 
of Cheap Circulating Librariei is pre* 
ferabie to any other which can be 
adopted. Here, for a very small sum 
(perhaps not more than Ss. per annum), 
each family might be funiisbed with 
a great variety of moral and jBoter- 
tainiog Tracts and Books, whicb, in 
the hours of leisure after work, might 
serve te amuse and instruct them i to 
store their minds with the maxims of 
piety toward God, and of honettTy 
prudence, and frugality in their world* 
ly concerns. 

1. The first step towards the pro* 
motion of such an Institution is the 
Publication of a General Catalogue i 
and it seems naturally to devolve to 
the National Society for th$ Eiue^ 
tion of the People in the Principlei qf 
the Establiihed Church. This CaU- 
logue should consist of an extensive 
collection of plain and popular worka 
upon moral and religious subjects r 
of instructive lives, voyages, ami tra* 
vels { of tales, in prose and verse ; of 
abridgments of History, ftc. ; and of 
any other useful publications, written 
in such simple and intelligible laa* 
guage as not to be above the undw* 
standings of the body of the people. 
Additions to be made annually to this 
catalogue, of those works which seem 
proper to give variety and novelty to 
the books in circulation. But no 
work above the price of . to be 
considered as eligible to be placed 
upon the catalogue *. 

2. That Local Commilteea be form« 
ed in each populous town, to concert 
the means of instil utmg a Library of 
this nature for the beuefit of the 
neighbourhood. In most cases, it 
might be convenient to attach the 
same to some small bookseller*s shop« 
who should undertake to keep an ac- 
count of the books, to receive sub- 
scriptions, and to account for the 
same to the Committee, at least once 
iq every month. 

3. That it be considered an indis- 
pensible rule of these Institutions, that 
no book shall be placed upon the 

* N. B. It has since been very pro- 
perly recommended to take the list of 
the Society for Promoting Christian 
Knowledge, for the theologioal depart-. 

mentv 

heaf 



IS if.] JPuUie Liirary fiuiiM nil^dforiL ISi* 

I#mI cfttaio^iM^ hkt Midi m it alreMly books, tbehres, Ac. to «nv other plM» 

to 1m Ibuad Hfoft Me liiil ^raip» iiy in the town of BedfM, tf thtf ind it 

i>jf lAtf NiMmmi Sa§ t$ ^. inconvenient to continue them hi th^ 

4. That it msy bo ni the power of ^^«^<7 of St. John*i, end nugr eppoin^ 

any SahMriher to pfMoie any boolL 'f^^ o^^r Libruy- keeper, at th^ 

to he neeifed hereafter ea the eara- *H"/^"^^^ . 

lonei httt that tiieh heek most he ^^^V. The Libnry.keepe»oovenantt with 

tet aMnmd hy the Lm/mi Commit^ ***' ^^'•^ » ^« P«*«'^« «*» »>^>" ♦«*• 



tee» Md hy then he tohmitled to the 
uprohatioo of the Committee <^tiie 
ItatieiMil Society* 

Bu That any Lady or Geatleman 
aehecrihii^ thall be contidered an 
Hmm rm rjf Member of this Inttittttioiii 
aed thall have it in their power to 
reeommend I heir doraettict to receive 
hooktt 9ic 

Such are the outlinet of a plan 
whleh may do much to coooteract the 
lieentiontncM of the prett, and to re* 
efaumthe moralt of (he people. 

A CoMtTAKT RaAoea. 



I 



Mr. UaBAir, JuguH 14. 

LATELY obtained a cop? of the 



damai^ and embesalement ; to mark 
every book in the tiUe^pt^ with thr 
donor's name, or the price whieh Iteott,' 
and the name of the Library to which It 
belong ; to attend every Stttwrdajf^ br 
himself or deputy, from ten o'clock tW 
fodr, to deliver and receive the books f 
to lend no book but to the persons- for 
wliose use the Libraiy it appointed ; toi 
lend but two bookt to any one person* 
at one time, nor to any unless the* 
price be deposited in bis hands, or ar 
note i^ven to restore the books witbht^ 
the time limited, without damai^ ; t»r 
Msp# la iht ease tf an Auihar^ wke eM|^ 
Herirmp eist aione Hme fear fmr moiUhi^ 
givkig' eecurityX^ re U ering them^ emd. 
fnrfirtmg tetke Librafjf a nrmted ceffff 
ofkU keek wkenftnUheds a folio is to be' 



deed of tettlemeot of a Library of restored in two months, a quarto in tfar 



bbekt, formerly preterved in the 
TVitry^oora of the church of SL John, 
ia the' town of Bedford. From Ihit 
dbed, which heart date the 20th Oc- 
tober, in the year 1704, the 4th year 
€f dueen Anne, it appears that the 



weeks, and a smaller book in 
month; to lend no books to any tlU 
they shall have restored those fbreierly^ 
lent them ; to acquaint the vltitort at' 
their general meetingt with all montjf 
given to the Library, who are then te* 
appoint h(>w it shall be disposed of ; to 



Library in question was founded in ?P»^'^^ °".^, " c \rl T^ ' 5 ' * ^* 
theyei 1700, by the contribuiione of i^.e*^P a register of all books and money 
#1^ k^*^. "a ri.^^. '' ff*^*". w«^t> ^^e donors' names, and 



the Gentry and Clergy. 

The following it an abstract of the 
tettlement : 

L Edward Bourne, Rector of Si. 
Jekn'Sf Bedford, reciting a gift to bim, 
upon trust, &c. doth by indenture assign 
Ac the several books in a schedule an^ 
nexed, unto the Lord Bishop of Lincoln, 
and others, in trust, for the use of bim 



time when given ; to see that the bookf 
lent be restored in due time, and to 
give notice, at every visitation, what 
books are lent, and to whom, and what 
books are not restored within the time 
limited; to give notice to the Trustees Of 
any extraordinary days of visitation. 

V, All the Trustees are visitors, and- 
are to meet in the Library on the first 



the taid Edward Bourne, and bis sue* Tuesday in February, May, August, 

eettort. Rectors of St. John's, so long and October, every year; to see that all 

as -they will accept the office of Library the covenants, agreemenu, &c. are 

keeper, and allow the vestry for the duly observed, and to consult the far* 

place of the Library; and also for the tber benefit and advantage of the Library. 

use of the present and all future contri* VI. The Trustees may visit (besides the 

butors and benefactors, to the value of stated times of visitation) as often as they 

llDif. for their respective lives, under cer- please, upon notice given by any five of 



tain restrictions and limitations, in the 
said indenture expressed and declared, 
at follows : 

II. Edward Bourne is Library* keeper 
during l\fe, and the vestry of St. John's 
to' be the place of the Library during 
Iris life, and so lung after as his succei^- 
aors are wilting to allow the vestry lor 
the place of the Libraf7, and to take 
upon them the office of Library- keeper, 
aud the trustees approve thereof. 

III. The trustee* may remove the 



tbem to the Librarian, and by him to 
the other Trustees, at least seven dayt 
before the intended day of visitation. 

Vir. When the Trustees are reduced' 
to ten at the least, the survivors are to 
choose new Trustees, and settle the 
Library upon themselves and the new 
Trustees, with the same trust, &c. 

VI 11. The bi<hop of the diocese and 
the archdeacon of Bedford,, fur the time 
b^ini?, tu be always trustees, if they will 
acjfcui the sane. 

IX. Four 



* 1 56 Public Library fowided at ^^diiox^.'-Sparrows, [ Aug.- 



JX. Four parts of tbe setUeroent are 
to be executed, whereof one to remain 
in tbe bands of tbe bisbop of the diocese, 
one in tbe bands of tbe vicar of St. 
Paul'Sy Bedford, if be be a contributor, 
one in the library in a strong box, and one 
in tbe bands of one of tbe Trustees, whose 
name is to be entered in the ref^ister. 

X. Upon the death of tbe Library- 
keeper, tbe Trustees, with tbe executors 
or administrators of tbe deceased, shall 
lock up the Library till a new Library- 
keeper be chosen, or tbe Trustees shall 
five farther orders therein." 

Under tbe above re^^ulatioof, it ap- 
pears this Library was first placed ia 
the bands of 68 Trustees, consisting 
of the principal Noblemen, Gentle- 
men, and Clerc:y of Bedford and its 
▼icinity. In 1'704 the number of 
Trustees was increased to upwards of 
130 ; amongst whom 1 find William, 
lord Bisbop of Lincoln ; Wriotbeslj, 
Duke <»f Bedford; Henry, Earl of 
Kent I Powlel, Earl of Bolingbrokes 
John, Lord Carteret; John, Lord 
Ashburnham ; Lord Edward Russell ; 
Charles, Li>rd Bruce ; Sir John Bur- 
goyne. Sir John Osborne, Sir Th(»- 
mas Allstone, J. Harvey of Ickwell- 
bury, &c. &c. &c. 

Tbe deed of trust, to which I now 
refer, and which- contained a specifi- 
cation or catalogue of the books, was 
aigned and sealed in quadruplicate, 
by William, Bishop of Lincoln; Tho- 
mas Frank, Archdeacon; Alexander 
Leith, and John Nodes. 

Several of the articles enumerated 
in tbe specification are works of great 
r^pectahility, and such as, by the 
vicissitudes of time, are become of 
considerable rarity and value ; amongst 
them are the following: ** Walton's 
Biblia Polyglotta,'' 6 vols. fol. 1656; 
•• Le Livre Itojfal^ written anno 1«17, 
Englished by Caaton, anno 1484;" 
M Venerable Bcde's History," fol. 
1563 ; '* Du Pin's Ecclesiastical His- 
tory," fol. 5 vols. 1699, &c. ; " Fuller's 
Worthies of England," 1662 ; «' Frots- 
sart's Chronicles," aud '^ Purchase's 
Pilgrimagefi." 

Also the following manuscripts : 
** Exemplar S. Scripturae k Nich. Ha- 
napis Patriarch^ Hierosolymitauo,'' 
fol.; *' Tractatus de Victoria Christi 
contra Antichristnin ab Hug. de Novo 
Castro," fol.; *' Tractatus Pauperis 
contra insipientcin Novellarum He- 
retium confulurcm contra Evangeli- 
^am veritatem ab .Anuuymo/' I'ol. ; 



" Historia Vet. & Novi Tettamenti 
carmine Latino donata," fol.; Ser- 
mones Dominicales per annum* p^ 
Johannem Felton," 4to.; " Leiger 
Book of the Priory of Newnhum near 
Betford;' 4 to. ; •• Biblia Sacra Vul- 
gals Editionis," 8vo. ; <« ftiblia Sa- 
cra Vulgalae Editionis," i9mo.f Am 
old English Translation of IA# Four 
Evangelists f 8vo. 

I have lately learned that these 
books have been long since removed 
from the vestry-room of St. John** 
' Church ; and that, if they are yet In 
being, they are now completely out 
of sight, and out of use. 

My object in writing this lellerv 
therefore, is to recommend an en- 
quiry into thedisposal of thisLibrnry i 
and, if it should be found to be re- 
coverahle^ that some of the. re- 
spectable and intelligent inhabitants 
of the town of Bedford will exert 
themselves to recover it, and place 
it, together with such additions at 
they may be enabled to make to it, 
in a situation where by being accessi- 
ble it will be useful to the town, 
and reflect honour on tbe parties con- 
cerned in its recovery. A reference 
to the names of the original Tmistees, 
of which I can furnish you (or any 
person who may be desirous to po^ 
sets such a document) with . a list/ 
will shew who, by desceott ^^J 
justly consider themselves, aud will 
no doubt be considered by ofbers, 
as the rightful Curators of this va» 
luable appendage to tbe town and 
neighbourhood. 

A second catalogue of these booke 
is stated to have been made in 1755, 
which was kept in the Library. T^he 
number of articles in the first cata- 
logue, of which 1 have a copy, exceeds 
a thousand. Tho. Fishbr. 

Mr. Urban, August 80; 

YOUR Correspondent, p. 78, emi^ 
nent for his agricnilural notices, 
recommends the destruction of Spar- 
rows. It was (and perhaps still is) the 
cufrtom forChurchwurdenslo pay two- 
pence a dozen for Sparrows heads; and 
the Writer of this was paid, and al- 
lowed in the Church warden's accomnt, 
for six dozen in the parish qf SouthiK, 
CO. Bedford, nearly half a century past. 
I give you this to strengthen the hint 
of (he destructive powers of Sparrows, 
and the early notice of it* S. W. , 

RE- 



C »37 ] 



REVIEW OP NEW PUBLICATIONS. 



18. A Charge delivered to the Clergy 
<f the Dwceee of Ely, at the Seemd 
Qitadrewnial yisitoHon oftha^ Dieeese, 
mtkeYearlsn, J9y Bowyer Edward, 
Lord Bishop ef Ely. Published at the 
Request of the Clergy. Ato, pp; 84< 
Ri^ingtOBS. 

WITH that energetic and perstia- 
*8ive language which characterizes the 
' writings of this very learned and piou§ 
FrelalCv the Clergy of his Diocete 
here receive from him the moit talu- 
iary admonitions and advice. After 
lirtefly, but emphatically noticing th« 
** many extraordinary events which 
iiaTe taken place-* since he last tfd- 
^ressed them, both in their '* eccle- 
■iattical and civil capacities," his 
Lordship calls to their recollection 
'what, under nearly similar circum- 
itances, was the conduct of the Clergy 
ttpoo a former occasion. 

. " At the period to which I allude (and 
trhich many of you doubtless well re- 
member) Revolutionary doctrines had 
been disseminated so widely, and with 
such effect, as to excite a considerable 
degree of alarm throughout the king- 
dom : upon that occasion the Clergy, 
to their honour be it remembered, ex- 
erted themselves most strenuously and 
successfully iri stemming the torrent of 
•edition and disloyalty. — It is now your 
duty, ray Reverei)d Brethren, to follow 
their example. However great the dan- 
ger might then have been, the signs of 
the times are now in some respects still 
more alarming. The errors of many of 
tbose who were misled by the specious 
theories of liberty and equality at the 
early part of the French Revolution 
might have admitted of some palliation : 
but what can be said in excuse of those 
who in defiance of experience have now 
endeavoured to involve this country in 
similar horrors ? Well aware that this 
could never be effected while any sense 
of religion was remaining, infinite pains 
have been taken to eradicate every re- 
ligious principle, to familiarize the 
minds of the people to the insult and 
mockery of every thing sacred, by circu- 
lating publications of the most impious 
and blasphemous description ; thus pre- 
paring them for scenes of violence and 
tumult. — ^I'he means were indeed well 
adapted to the end :" the transition from 
infidelity to disloyalty is but too easy ; 
they who do not fear God will not long 
honour the King. Here then, my Re- 
verend Brethren, it is your especial duty 
Gbnt. Mao. Jugust, 1817. 



to coutiteraet these pernicious desif^s 
by every means In your power. Into 
your hands have been committed ttae 
dearest, the most important interests: 
you are the appointed guardians of Re- 
ligion, that bulwark of every State ; that 
sacred palladium, to the p^servation of 
which It must owe its happiness, its s^ 
curlty, its very existence." 

*' But it is not merely in counteract- 
ing the poison which has been so gene- 
rally administered, that the exertions ot 
the Clerfi^ may be efficacious : — preven- 
tion is better than remedy : be it then 
your care to guard the rising generation 
as^inst these eviis. The superintend- 
ance of the religious education of the 
poor is one of the most important irutti 
which has been committed to you; every 
Clergyman bei^g required by law to ca- 
techize the children of bis own parisb : 
and this duty is not discharged by the 
mere repetition of a form of words j care 
must be taken that they understand the 
meaning of what they repeat. 

" The facility of imparting instruction 
to the lower classes is now greatly in- 
creased by the general adoption of the 
Madras System ; by means of which 
knowledge is not only more easily com- 
municated, but may also be extended to 
much greater numbers than by any 
former method. From this very cir-» 
cumstance arises the necessity of ad- 
ditional vigilance on the part of the 
Clergy. Knowledge, like every other 
human possession, is liable to be abused; 
and if abused, and perverted to impro- 
per purposes, it becomes a dangerous 
and fatal acquisition. It is not enough 
that the rising generation should be in- 
structed in the elements of knowledge ; 
they must also be directed to the pro- 
per uRe and application of what they 
learn." 

This naturally le^ds to the com- 
parative merits of the two Societies 
which so zealously and so laudably 
distrihute the Sacred Scriptures. Aud 
on this head the learned Prelate de- 
livers unreservedly his own' opinion; 
without in any way censuriug thoM» 
who think or act differently. 

« In speaking of such persons I b^g 
to be clearly understood that, however I 
may think they have erred in point of 
judgment, I mean not to intimate the 
sliglitest degree of disrespect towards- 
them ; being fully persuaded' that they 
are actuated by a real zeal for the great 
ints rests of Religion^ though it appear^ 

te 



138 



Reoiew of New Publications. 



[Aug. 



to me to be 'a seal not accordipff to 
knowledge.' 

** And here I must premise, that what- 
ATer observations I may make upon tbis 
subject, they are only intended to apply 
.to the operations of the Bible Society in 
tliis country, not to its Foreign relations. 
As every Churchman must believe that 
in the Established Church Christianity 
is to be found in its purest form, it is bis 
bounden duty to supply to the utmost of 
bis power the spiritual wants of those 
who * are of the household of Faith.' 
With ree^ard to those who differ from us 
in their religious opinions, while we can- 
not but lament and regret their separa- 
tion from us, it is our duty to conduct 
ourselves toi^ards them with true Chris- 
tian charity: we doubt not that there 
are among them very many excellent in- 
dividuals ; and we wish them to enjoy 
tl^e most perfect freedom of religious 
worship, without molestation or re- 
straint : ' to their own Master they 
stand or fall/ It cannot, however, be 
supposed that persons of this descrip- 
tion are deficient in zeal, or backward 
ID providing for the religious^nforma- 
tion of those who are of their own per- 
suasion ; they may, therefore, safely be 
entrusted with the care of distributing 
the Sacred Scriptures amongst their own 
people, without our assistance or inter- 
ference. But with reference to those 
who are of our own communion, what- 
ever may be requisite for their religious 
instruction can no where be so well sup- 
plied as by the Society for promoting 
Christian Knowledge." 
' '* There are others who contribute to- 
ward both these Societies : — but to these 
I should also say that, as Members of the 
Church of England, their whole assist- 
ance should be given to that venerable 
Institution which from its first forma- 
tion has been so eminently useful, and 
by its very constitution is so peculiarly 
adapted to promote the interests and se- 
curity of our Establishment. It embraces 
every avowed object of the Bible Society, 
while it combines with them others of 
great importance, which are peculiar to 
itself; and is ready at all times to ex- 
tend its labours to any point, which the 
ebaritable zeal of its members may en- 
able it to reach. The Established Church 
has an indisputable claim to the affec- 
tion and strenuous support of all ber 
children; nor can any psrtion of this be 
withheld, or diverted into other chan- 
nels,, without detriment to this our vene- 
rable Parent : whose means of extending 
lier salutary influence in promoting the 
interests of Christianity, as exhibited in 
its more pure and genuine form, are 
thus materially abridged and straitened. 
Many txctllent persons have connected 



themselves with the Bible Society, al- 
lured by the specious and flatterlnr pro- 
spect of the conciliatory effect which this 

' union eould not fail, as they supposed^ to 
produce. But if we examine its proeeed- 
ings we shall be at a loss to discover any 
symptoms of conciliation : on the con- 
trary, the acrimonious and irritating 
liMaguage which, at the meetings of their 
Auxiliary Societies, is commonly used 
towards those Members of our Establish- 
ment who ha^ not joined them, afford* 
too plain an indication of a very different 
temper: — the discord which has thos 
been introduced amongst us. is, in mjr 
opinion, of itself suffieient to indnee 
every Churchman, whose endeavour it 
should be to * keep the unity of the spi- 
rit in the bond of peace,' to decline con- 
necting himself with that Society. There 
are also other reasons, of no inconsidcf^ 
able weight, against it. Dissenters of 
every denomination, however respectable 
they may be as individuals, must in their 
united capacity be hostile to the Church s 
— but^ notwithstanding this, in every 
charitable work which may tend to re- 
lieve the temporal wants and infirmities 
of our fellow-creatures, we may cordially 
co-operate with them ; as the principles 
on which we act are, in this instance, 
the same ; viz, benevolence and Chris- 
tian charity : — but in matters which re- 
late to religion the case is different ^ our 
principles here are so mneb at variance^ 
so irreconcileably different, in many in»- 
portant particulars, that an indiscrimi- 
nate union 'of Churchmen with Dissen- 
ters of all denominations for religious 
purposes must be considered as a dan- 
gerous measure. We are taught by our . 
excellent Liturgy to pray that we may 
be delivered < from all false doctrine^ he- 
resy, and schism :' — it behoves ns there* 
fure to take es|>ecial care that we do not, 
by our own imprudence, lead to the in- 
troduction or extension of those very evilt 
which we pray may be averted from uSw 
The means of guarding against these evils 
are amply supplied to us by the Society 
for promoting Christian Knowledge : -v 
from tbissource we may administer abun- 
dantly to the spiritual wants of oor poor 
brethren } — not, for this purpose, exact- 

'ing from them a pittance of their hard- 
earned savings; those savings whick 
should be reserved solely for the sup- 
port of their temporal necessities ; but 
gratuitouslv dispensing to them, not only 
the Sacred Scriptures, but such other 
means of religious instruction as may 
best tend to make tbem wise unto sal- 
vation, and secure them from errors 
either in faith or practice : — * freely we 
have received, freely let us give."* 

His Lordship then kindly explains 
to bif Clergy the beoeficiiJ iatealiMis 

•f 



IB 17.] Review of New PuhlicaiwHs. i%i 

of a Bill tlien pending id Parliament I have uniformly received from its Clergy 

fpr their protection against common the most obliging at^ntion. If, there** 

informerfl, and for the more effectual fore» a reciprocal attention had not been' 

cnforccraeal of Residence ; and after f^J^wn to them on my part, I should* 

some excellent exhortations, thus ^»^« '»'>«^ ^^^ ^? ^"^^r fj^ gratitude, 

concludes : Presumptuous as ,t would be in me to 

■ , , . . anticipate, at my advanced period of 

« It has pleased God to place us m a j^fe, future opportunities of meeting you, 
station of difficulty and labour ; let us y^^ whilst health is graciously vouch- 
therefore, knowing that * our sufficiency g^fed to me, and whilst I am competent 
k of God,' offer up our fervent prayers ^^ ^^^^ i ^^^^^ ^^^1 I shall not cease to 
to the Divine Majesty, that He would exert myself in that manner, which has 
cnahle us, and all bis Ministers, to per- Yicew so distinguishably marked by yorir 
form our duty with faithfulness and sue- approbation. But should declining years 
eess ; and that we may so feed the Bock ^ enfeeble the mind, as to render the 
of Christ, and be ensamples to it, that observations that 1 may present to you 
when He, the great Shepherd, shall ap- iggg deserving of notice, I am confident 
pear, he may say unto each of us, • Well ^hat the mere attempt to discharge any 
done, thou good and faithful servant ; p^^ of the duties of my office will, by 
enter thou into the joy of thy Lord. y^^^ be candidly and favourably received. 

Lest, however, I should seem to arrogats 

19. A Charge delivered to the Clergy of too much to myself, by dwelling on that 

. ike Diocese of Rochester, m May, public testimony of regard with which 

1817. By John Ln^f, D. p. yirchdeo' you have lately gratified me, I shall 

- «MS ef Rochester. Published at the only entreat you to be assured, that 1 

lUquest of tlu Clergy^ 4«», pp. 19. shall ever be feelingly impressed with a 

Wildash, Rochester. sense of your kind inclinations towards 

THIS good Archdeacon may lite- n*« y and shall hope that they may serve,, 

yally he styled a venerable Father of »<»* ^® engender vanity, but to stimulate 

the Church, having most exemplarilj ^^^t zeal, which it is your object to pro- 

sustained hiidigni&d office for nearly ""^f*^' I" the words of a late leariyBd 

•" mu • • « . i^.».:..^j f and excellent Prelate of our Church i 

50 years. The opinion entertained of . gemper mihi jucundissima erit vestrai 
him by the Clergy under his superin- ^^ benevolenti« recordatio : neque 

tcndence, was fully evinced by the ele- verendum est, ne id patiar ex animo 

gant tribute recorded in our last vo- meo excidere, quod mihi praecipud honori 

luroe, Part I. p. 5. esse existimabo *.* Thus much I hav^ 

On the present orcasion, his heart been induced to express in testimony of 

overflowing with benevolence and those sensations which have been so 

gratitude, he thus addresses them : warmly excited by that honourable pledge 

"By the intervening Visitation of our "*" y«"r &"<><* opinion, \vith which yo^ 

Diocesan in the preceding year, 1 have have favoured n.e. In the further dis- 

bctu prevented from an earlier coiivev- charge of that duty which 1 owe to you, 

ance of mv graieful sense of the peculiar both Irom the nature of my connexion 

mark of attention with whi.h you have with yoi., and the obligation that yoi> 

honoured me. Ascribing this instance have laid me under, 1 shall now proceed 

of your high liberality, more to your to deliver my failhlul sentiments on sucU 

wish of rewarding the endeavour to se- poi"ts as appear to me more particularly 

cure your good will, than to any positive, at this time to call for observation." 
or superior merit on my part; and per- In allusion to the present situation 

suaded as I am, that you were influenced of the country at targe, he observes^ 
by a laudable attachment to our Eccle- « The horrors of war having been, 

siastical Establishment, when you con- since our last meeting,' gloriously ter- 

ilerred your valuable gift on one, who, minated for this country, and a fair 

for such an unusual length of time, had prospect holden out of general and per- 

retain^ that station in the Church, manent tranquillity, I cannot but con- 

whicb is so enviably connected with gratulatii you on the restoration of k 

you : yet should 1 do injustice to your blessing, which for so long a period has 

feelings, if I were not to admit, that been the object of our wishes. Though 

never was an act of kindness more readi- from various concurring circumstances, 

Jy exerted, nor more cordially executed, which would be foreign to our present 

than that which 1 am now called upon purpose to discuss, the return of Peace, 

strongly to acknowledge. It must na- that most desirable event, has not hi- 

tiirally be to me a circumstance of pleas- 

ing fecollfcction, that throughout my " Lowth de S&cra Foesi, Praciectio 34, 

very long connexion with this Diocese, p. 342, 4to," 

therto 



14Q 



Heview of New Publicatians. 



[Aug. 



therto been attendea with all the bene- 
liti that wp had hoped for, yet great and, 
many are the advantages already derived 
from it. A protrac^d war, with a short 
interruptioUy for the period nearly of 
twenty-five years, has occasioned such 
eh.ani^es as may possibly require a length 
of time to settle apd compose. But what- 
ever may be our future situation, surely 
-we have still ample cause to ' praise the 
|U>rd for his goodness, and to declare the 
wonders that He hath done for us/ And 
as we have heretofore shewn a determi- 
nation tu support the rights and dignity 
pf our country, manfully submitting to 
many privations for the public good, 
the same spirit will, jic trust, be mani- 
fested in bearing such pressures, as could 
not be avoided; and in suppressing those 
Ipiooroy apprehensions, which are un- 
irorthy of our national character." 

After much sound advice delivered 
in uoaffecled language, the worthy 
Archdeacon thus concludes : 

"With a view of disseminating the 
real truths of Christianity, the Society 
for promoting Christian Knowledge was 
originally Instituted; ^nd though to dis- 
perse the word of God, and to convert 
vnbe^evers to the knowledge of the Gos- 
pel, might be its primary objects ; yet, 
from its very commencement, a lauda- 
ble zeal has been shewn to impress right 
sentiments of religion ; to prevent the 
progress of error and schism ; and to 
apply every argument that could tend 
t6 convince the gainsayer; as well as 
every exhortation to prevail upon men 
to live as becometh the Gospel of Christ. 
It has recently been the endeavour of 
our respected Diocesan, in conformity 
with the views of this establishment, to 
form District Societies, for the purpose 
of a more bommodious supply of the 
Sacred Scriptures : of that excellent 
formulary, toe boo|k of Common Prayer; 
and of a variety of tracts, which serve 
to advance the cause of piety and mo- 
rality. Needless is it to recommend these 
societies to your protection and patron- 
age; for surely no friend to our religious 
e8tal>lishment can hesitate in supporting 
institutions, one of whose objects is to 
maintain that establishment. But as 
we have been censured for confining our 
views exclusively to the Society long 
since formed in the metropolis, we na- 
turally wish to remove that censure, 
whieh we think unmerited. Without 
the most distant idea of an invidious 
eomparison with any other society ; with- 
out entering into questions that engen- 
der strife, we only mean to assert, that 
the formation of District Societies is 
not, we trust, conducted by the mere 
ipirit of rivalship : but from the motive 



of morfs efifectually supplying the spiritn 
ual wants of the poor. We are far 
from denying that the circulation of the 
Bible, without note or comment, may 
be productive of good : yet we are con- 
vinced at the same time, that the ae- 
companyment of it with that best of 
human forms, the book of Common 
Prayer, and with those various treatises 
which our Society distributes for the 
elucidation of the Scriptures, and for the 
maintenance of religion and virtue, must 
be more extensive and salutary in its ef- 
fects, than the mere presentment of the 
Bible, unattended by such observations 
and comments, as may be deemed ne« 
cessary and expedient for the explana- 
tion of the Scriptures, and the instruct 
tion of the ignorant. Unworthy should 
we be of the inestimable blessing of the- 
revealed word of God, if we did not prize 
it beyond every other gift. But as the 
discordant opinions of men professing 
Christianity arise from mistaken inter- 
pRtations of the doctrines that it incul- 
cates ; and as sectaries of all denomi- 
nations rest their tenets on the words 
of Scripture, it cannot surely be an im- 
proper caution to point out < the way^ 
the truth, and the life,' (St. tlohn xiv. 6.) 
according to our best judgment and con- 
science; to prevent as much as possible^ 
though with all due candour, the pro|>a-> 
gation, and the increase of errors ; and, 
together with what we bold to be right 
explanations of the revealed will, to pre- 
sent every thing to the mind, that can 
prevail upon it to be always < abounding 
in the work of the Lord.' (1 Cor. nv. Sb!) 
With a firm persuasion that these great 
ends are fully answered, by giving our 
utmost encouragement to the Society for 
promoting Christian Knowledge, and to 
those local Societies recently formed in 
correspondence with it, I shall only ex- 
press my hope, that the spirit of the lat« 
ter will not be suffered to evaporate : 
observing at the same time, that they 
were originally recommended by a Pre- 
late *, who heretofore presided over us i 
whose memory is still dear to usi and 
whose name every friend to our Ecelesi- 
astical Establishment must ever revere. 
We trust, therefore, that the formation 
and continuance of these Societies will 
not be viewed as symbols of party ; but 
as framed, both for the purpose of evin- 
cing a well-grounded regard for the in- 
terests of our Church, and for the dif«* 
fusion of those religious principles, where- 
by the prosperity and happiness of all 
civil communities are best promoted 
and maintained. And if we are still ac- 
cused of a contracted, and undue bias to 
one institution solely, let It be recollected. 



* Bishop Dampier. 



inde- 



IS ^7.) 



Jiepiew (f New JPuhUcaiionSp 



SodepeDdiiiitljr of tbc argaaieiits alrMuijr 
oMd, that a seheme which has been mo- 
ccMfilDy coodueteU for more than a etn- 
turr, and which is in unison with every 
priihci|ila of our religious faith, seems to 
iia to have a daim to our warmest pro- 
tection and our most lilieral encoorage- 
ment." 

fO; Onuideraiioiu an ike Deetrimm if 
the EvmngeUeal Clergy i and on the 
jtrekable ejects o/EvangelieiU Preach' 
ing : a Sermen, preaehed at Frome, 
Sofnersetshire, en Menday June 9d, 
18I7» at tke FitUaHon if the Rev. 
Charles Sandiford, Archdeaeen of 
Wells : by the Rev. Richard Warner, 
FtMrr of NortouSt. Philip's, Somer- 
set t and Rector of Great Chalfield, 
Wfhs. f¥^ith an Introduetion and 
Bfotee. \ivo,pp, 66. Longman and Co. 

THIS excellent Discourse has al- 
read J occasioned, u might have been 
expected, several discussions in the 
Provincial Papers of Somersetshire 
aad its neighbourhood. The plain 
MtBlj sense of it is very creditable to 
Ibe Preacher % who is ** exceedingly 
SBtions that the spirit in which it was 
written, may be neither misconceived 
nor misrepresented.** 

He accordingly says, 

" It was such, I trust, as becomes a 
Christian ; a minister of the gospel of 
peace; and a fellow labourer in the 
vineyard, with those whose religious 
view« it takes the liberty of discussing. 
Its subject regards principles, rather 
than persons : and, while 1 feel myself 
compelled to differ from the Evangeli- 
cal Clergy (as they are now named) toto 
cttlo, both in their views of the doctrines 
oT the New Testament, and in their ideas 
of the manner and matter proper fur 
public religious instruction, I can clearly 
see, and cheerfully acknowledge, the 
many claims which they present to my 
respect and esteem. I respect their sin- 
cerity, and unweared exertions in * the 
way' which they conceive to be the right 
one : I respect their purity of life, their 
irreproachable morals, and their sanc- 
tity of manners : and I esteem them 
' for their very work*i sake ;' for their 
being so * zealously affected ' towards 
the poor, the sick, and the miserable ; 
and for that devotion of their thoughts, 
talenu, and time, to the performance of 
the duties of their important and respon- 
sible calling, which they almost uuiver* 
sally display. But, as the Apostle said 
of the Church of Epbesus, though < I 
know thy works, and thy labour, and 
thy patieneey and how thou canst not 
bear with them that are evil» ncverthe- 



1^ 

less I have sowewbatafahist thee i" lOv, 
they who think with m^f will stUl 
find deep matter of regret In lefleeting p, 
that all these labours are directed to tiNi. 
diffusion of a religious system, whieli'^ 
does not ap|iear to harmonize with tbe* 
tenor of the Gospel, nor with tlie prin- 
ciples of the Estaldished Chureh ; or to- 
promise tlie improvement of the morals». 
or the promotion of the happiness, at, 
mankind ; and will, consequently^ co»-'. 
sider themselves as boond, Inr fiur argo-^ 
ment and temperatr disenssion, to on-. 
veil iu defects^ and oppose iu groiilb*i 
1 say, by fair argument and tcmperato 
discossion, because, the ebaraoter oC 
those with whom we difer, and the %m^ 
credness of the point in question, do- 
mand thus much of us t because, no «p> 
proach ean be made to the truth, e»i^ 
cept through the path of candour an4 
good-will s and, more than all,4heiMnaer 
as the immortal Hooker justly remarks^ 
* there will come a time,, when thieot 
words uttered with ehariUiB and meek- 
nesse, shall receive a farre more blessed 
reward, than three thousand volumeo 
written with disdainfulle sbarpnesse of 
wit.'— Under sueh impressions as these^ 
the discourse now presented to the pub- 
lick was penned." 

From the many Judicious obserTft-< 
tions of Mr. Warner, we select tbosei 
relative to a subject continually la 
the mouths of the followers^of tho 
self-styled Evangelical Teachers-— 
namely, that ** they are the strictest 
adherers to the Articles of the Church 
of England, which the more Regultp 
Clergy wholly disregard." 

" Another reason will present itself 
to the mind of every sound Churchman, 
why the religious views of the Clergy^ 
to whom we at present allude, cannot 
be considered by him as ' good'-— that 
of their deviating from the tenets of the 
Establishment, and (as the Church holds) 
from the doctrines of the Gospel, on 
those two imp(»rtant points, — the ever- 
blessed Trinity, and Regeneration. The 
very first of those Articles which they 
so constantly and triumphantly quote, 
and which they accuse us of violating 
or disregard ng, establishes it as a ne- 
cessary point of faith, that, ' in the Tri- 
nity there be three persons of one power^ 
substance, and eternity, the Father, the 
Son, and the Holy Ghost:' and one of 
the Creeds of our Church directs, that 
its members worship one God in trinity, 
and trinity in nnity, neither confound- 
ing the persons, nor dividing the subr 
stance; but holding the Godhead of the 
Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy 
Ghost, as all one, the glory equal, the 

majesty 



148 



S&view of New Publications. 



[Aug. 



Majesty co eternal.' It follows, there- 
fore, that to pay exclusive, or even dis- 
proportionate homage to one or other 
oTthe persons, is a breach of this fun- 
damental doctrine of the Established 
Church. It is, if I may say it without 
irreverence, destroying the balance of 
the mystery ; overturning the equality 
of the persons; and giving exaltation to 
one, by lowering and degrading the 
others. We hesitate not to assert, that 
this is a prominent feature in the Spi- 
ritual instruction of the Clergy who 
ba^ occasioned these remarks." 

In a Note on the above passage, 
the intelligent Author observes, 

- *« I appeal to the Articles as an «r- 
gumentum ad Kominem; because the 
Evangelical Clergy ground their favou- 
rite doctrines, in a great measure, upon 
their authority ; and because, as I have 
•aid above, they are in the habit, either 
directly or indirectly, of accusing the 
Clergy who do not belong to their school, 
of departing from, or at lea<it neglecting, 
them in their preaching. But, the fact 
is, the Church of England looks to the 
Word of God, and that alone, for all her 
doctrines. It is the exclusive source 
from whence she draws, and the only 
authority by which she proves and con- 
firms, them. * She declares^ says a late 
very enlightened divine, * the Scriptures 
to be the sole repository of all religious 
truths, and the text by which every ar- 
' tide of the faith she professes must ever 
continue liable to be tried. She lays 
down, at the same time, a certain sys- 
tem of doctrines, as what she conceives 
the Scriptures to contain ; and frames 
her offices in agreement with them. 
But, declaring that other churches have 
erred ; mindful that she separated from 
the Church of Rome, on account of her 
errors ; and conscious that they who 
settled her own rule of faith were not 
infallible; she enjoins her Ministers, 
with the utmost solemnity, to make the 
study of the Scriptures their most >:e- 
rious concern ; in order that, by the 
tried and approved result of their pro- 
gressive enquiries, the momentous doc- 
trines and important rites of the Gospel 
may be more accurately understood, and 
the more conscientiously regarded/—- 
Pr. Bfcll, prebendary of Westminster, on 
the Lord's Supper. Preface, pages 15 
and IG. The Thirty-nine Articles them- 
selves recognize this fundamental prin- 
ciple of the Church of England, — the 
paramount authority of Scripture, in all 
points of doctrine; for tbey expressly 
declare, that Holy Scripture containeth 
all things necessary to salvation; so th^c 
whatever is not read therein, nor may 



be proved thereby, is not to be required ^ 
of any man, that it should be believed 
as an article of faith, or be thought re- 
quisite or necessary to salvation."— « 
Eighth Article. And again intheTwen« 
tietb Article: * the Church hath power 
to decree rites and ceremonies, and au- 
thority in contniversies of faith ; and 
yet it is not lawlul for the Church to 
ordain any thing that is contraiy ta 
God*s written word ; neither may it so 
expound one place of Scripture, that it 
be repugnant to another/ Hence it 
follows, that the framers of the Articles 
intended them to be regarded ralber in 
a negative than positive point of view ; 
rather, as a boundary line, to confine 
her members from wandering into the 
errors which she had forsaken, on the 
one hand, or into mere moral dogmas 
on^he other, than as an infallible rule 
of' faith, which was to supersede the 
doctrines that were clearly revealed ia 
the Scriptures, or might btv fairly de- 
duced from a serious, candid, and ra^ 
tional exposition of them. The office 
for the Ordination of Priests in the 
Church of England is framed upon the 
same principle ; in which the following 
questions are put to the candidate : * Are- 
you persuaded, that the Holy Scriptures 
contain sufficiently all doctriDe re(|uired 
of necessity for eternal sal vatiou through 
faith in Jesus Christ ? And are you de- 
termined out of the said Scriptures tp. 
instruct the people committed to your 
charge ; and to teach nothing as rt* 
quired of necessity to eternal salvation, 
but that which you shall be persuaded 
may be concluded and proved by theScrijp- 
ture ? — Will you then give your faith- 
ful diligence, always so to minister the 
doctrine and Sacraments, and the dis- 
cipline of Christ, as the Lord hath com- 
manded, and as this Church and realip 
hath received the same, according to the 
commandments of God ; so that you 
may teach the people coqamitted to your 
care and charge with al| diligence to 
keep and observe the same ?— Will you 
be ready, with all faithful diligence, to 
banish and drive away all erroneous 
and strange doctrines contrary to God's 
word ? Will you be diligent in primers, 
and in reading the Holy Scriptures, and 
in such studies as help to the knowledge 
of the same ?" From all which it ap- 
pears, that the Thirty -nine Articles 
are (what they have been well and truly 
called) articles of peace and unanimity i 
and may be conscientiously signed (even 
without the assistance of Mr. Paley's sa- 
tisfactory Apology ; I, of couiie, use 
the word in its classical sense) by any 
minister, whose single-hearted intention, 
when he tafces holy orders, is, to ground 
his roinistiy on the Gospel of Cbr»t,and 

frame 



1817] Jieowa> of Nem. IPublicatkai^, .143 

l^wae It aeobrdini; tq tbe fundamental jonty of the preaelien.we are now e«m« 

winelples oJF ibe Church of England.** siderinpc. It is in the nator* of a heart 

Wc mnrt take aootbcr extract : V^"- . j» ^^f. "^"»^ f ^^^^"^ !!!? 

▼»» ■•!»*»•« . „ J homibty (the true foundation of tha 

«« As tbe.vlews of our brethren allud- chrittian spirit) to be diffident^ rather 

•a to are likely to deter, rather than ^^k^ presuming 5 to dread, rather tlian 

invite; prowlytcs to the faith of Jesus ^ ^^ ,^ ^^^^ i„ ^^e alternative of 

Christ ; so, it is to be feared, they are threatenings and promises, to view It- 

eertain to Impair the happiness of those ^^f ^ ^y^ ^^bject of the fomer, rather 

bdievws who have imbibed such views ; ^j^^ „ deserving the fruition of the 

tfttoe. Independently of interdicting an i^^^^^^ ^jy^^^ ^jj^n^ ^jjj 1^ ^j,g feelinai 

innoeent participation m worldly satis- ^^ ^^^y^ ^ l^^^t as this, when it hears qf 

fv:tioo% and a ^jraiseworthy cultivation ^1,^ arbitrary and inreveniSle decn?e» of 

«f the powers of the human mind, the q^^ of the • vessels of mercy' chosen, 

qftCem before us imposes dogmas ufmn « ^efor^ the foundation of the world,' to 

in .converts, as necessary pomu of be- everiasting life ; and the • vessels of 

Bef, which lay « the axe to the root of ^path,* doomed, from all eternity, ta 

aU tranquillity of spirit. It telUTthem, inevitable destruction : to a destruction 

tl»t^ however earnest and single-hearted ^^^ ^^ y^ averted by the remorse, con- 

th^ may have been in their endeavours t^Uon, or improved holiness bf life is 

to ' do the wiU of God,* and obtain his ^|^ ^^^^ ^ ^y^ unhappy sinner hian' 

ftfour, they must not, notwithstanding, ^^^^ ^^ by t^e infinite merits of ths;t So^ 

hope for mercy, unless they have expo- ^i^,^^^ ^y^^ mercifullv • died for all.' •• 

ritnoed, at some particular penod of . ' m ». ^ 

their We, a conversion from sin to holi- And here again we sobjom a Notot 

nass ; a thorough and radical change of << Next in pathos to the affecting de- 

h^vTi a silbvenion of all their prior as- scripUon which Job gives of his ago^ 

•oeistioas; an Ingrafting Into their souls nized mental feelings, is that moil 

o# an entire new set of thoughts, wishes, touching one, by the unfortunate Cow^ 

vfawa, tod desires; It i^ true, that, on per, of the state of his own soul; \m^ 

a nan of warm fancy aifQ strong nerves, duced, it should seem. In a great do> 

■9eh a representation as this will work gree, by Calvinistie views <tf Christlaik ' 

BOdispiriting effect, and produce nosor- nity, operating upon a mind of exqui-- 

tow ofsool : his imagination will^readily site sensibility and unequalled gentle^ 

■Qt him in possession of the desired ness. 

change ; and bis presumptuous spirit < Loo)c where he comes — in this eip« 

will suggest to him, that he was a fit bowVd alc<^re— [inove:^ 

ol^ect for the inanifestation of such Stand close conceal' d, and see a statue 

grace. But, far otherwise will be the Lips busy, and eyes fix'd, foot falling 

consequence of the reception of such a slow, ^ [below, 

doctrine to the meek, and humble, and Arms banging idly down, bands clasp'd 

pains-taking Christian : having, in the Interpret to the marking eye distress, 

tranquil and uniform course of his ef- Such as its symptoms c^n alone express. 

forts to perform his religious and social That tongue is silent now } that silent 

dtttfed, never experienced any transfor- tongue [song^ 

mation of the kind described, and re- Could argue once, could jest, or join the 

quired, by the Minister whom he re- Could give advice, could censure, or com- 

gards as delivering ' the oracles of God/ mend, . [friend, 

he IS naturally alarmed fbr his spiritual Oir charm the sorrows of a drooping 

state { doubts arise in the room of hum- Renounc'd alike its office and its sport, 

ble confidence; hope gives place to fear} Its brisker and its graver strains fall 

•.the terrors of the Lord' present them- short; 

selves to his mind, instead of his pro- Both fail beneath a fever's secret sway, 

mises; and that faith, which was mer- And, like a summer- brook, are past 

dfully intended, and is so well calcu- away, 

lated, to * give rest unto the soul,' be- This is a sight for pity to peruse, 

I unto him, ^ proportion to the Till she resemble faintly what she viewsj. 



nneerit^ with which he adheres to it, an Till sympathy contract a kindred pain, 

oeeasion of * weeping and wailing, la- Pierc'd with the woes that she lameoti 

mentation and woe.' — Still more dread- in vain. 

ful is the havoc (if, indeed, it be capa- This of all maladies that man infest, 

hie of wider desolation) which is made Claims most compassion, and receives 

on the spirit of the meek believer, by the least : 

those tremendous doctrines of absolute Job felt it, when he groan'd beneath the 

pn*desttnation, of private and perst5nal rod, 

election and reprobation, which are And the barb*d arrows, of *a frowning 

maong the fayourHe topics ef the ma- God.'" 



144 



Rroiew of New Publicaiwns. 



[Aug. 



$1. A Topoffraphieai Jceount tf the 
I$ie of Axholine, being the fflut Divi- 
sion of the ffTxpentake ^Manley, in 
the County of Lincoln. In Tufo Vo- 
iumet. Vol. L By W. Peck, Author 
of «« Topography of Bawtry," ife, 
" Veterinary Medicine^ i(c, ^e. Ri- 
vin^l^ons. 

ACTUATED by a wi«h to extend 
Topographical knowledge, Mr. Peck, 
■everai years ago, issued Proposals 
for publishing the present Work ; and, 
having collected materials at a con- 
aideraole expense, he determined in 
1816 to publish the First Volume, 
though at that time he had obtained 
only S8 Subscribers. 

Of this handsome Volume the num- 
ber printed is only 20 on large paper, 
and 100 on small ; from which are 

to be DBDUCTXD ■LEVBN CoPIBS, 
•ACRIFICBD FOR THB EncOVRAOB- 

MBNT pr Lbarnino!!* 

The present publication contains a 
complete and satisfactory topogra- 
phical history of the Isle tf Axh^lme^ 
illustrated by Seven Plates i and the 
•oparate Parishes are promised **aa 
toon as possible, with a general In- 
dex, and the remaining Piatea.'* 

The local particuUrt bear evident 
|H-oof8 of tbeir accuracy. 

** 1 commenced making Collections," 
says Mr. Peck, " five years ago, and 
was pot then aware that it would be 
expedient to divide it into two volumes, 
conceiving, from the materials 1 bad 
In view, that it would not exceed three 
bundred pages; but from a more ex> 
tended research, and the communication 
of many friends, who have kindly lent 
me their aid, 1 have been enabled to 
make the Work much more perfect.*' 

*• Manley Wapentake" is divided 
into three parts : the West, which it 
the ** Isle of Axholme;** the East 
and the North, which remain to be 
described. 

<< Leland, in his survey of England, 
(t. Henry VIII.) says, ' From Wrangton 
to ■ wher 1 cam on land in the 

isle o( Axholtn, about a mile: so that 
from WrtMgton thither the water is caul- 
lid IdzlUi yet it is the very same water 
that Bryev ys. And of certente IdilU 
it the auiitient name. — ^The isle of Ax' 
holm is a x miles in length, by South 
and North : and in bredth a vjj miles by 
West and East. — From the West point 
of Bikers Dike up a long to the great 
mere, the soyle by the water be fenny, 
and morische, and ful of carres. — ^Tbe 

* See our Parliamentary DebateSj p. 
169. 

6 



residue is roeately high ground, fertile 
of pasture and come.— -The fenny part 
of Axholm beritb much galle, a low frw 
tex swete in burning.— The upper part 
of the isle bath plentiful quarres of ala- 
baster communely there caullid pldetet : 
but such Ktones as I saw of it were of no 
great thickness and sold for a viid. the 
lode. They ly yn the ground lyke a 
smotbe table : and be l>eddid one flake 
under another ; and at the bottom of tbe 
bedde of them be rougbe stones to bdlld 
withal.— The principal wood of tbe isle 
is at Bellegreve parke by Hepworth, and 
at Melwood parke, not far from Hep- 
worth.— -There is also a praty wood At 
Croole, a lordship, a late Ipngging to 
Selleby monasteries.' — ^Tbe woods named 
by Leland have now disappeared*' Uke 
the great forest that formerly oeieopicKl 
the whole of the low country, and there 
are but a few small plantations of late, 
growth." 

A very remarkable ** Subterrantoas 
Forest" is thus noticed : 

** Abraham de la Pryne f was the first 
person who successfully ascertained that 
a forest had once covered tbe eoumry. 
He observes, ' That round about by the 
skirts of the JLineolnsbire wolds unto 
Gainsburg, Bautry, Doocaster,- Bahi, 
Snaith, and Holden, are found infinite 
millions of tbe roots and bodies ef trees, 
great and little, of most of the sorts, thait 
this island either formerly did, or at pro- 
sent does produce, as firs, oaks^ bireh« 
beech, yew, wirethom, willow, as^ Aa. 
tbe roots of all, or most of which stand 
in the soil in their natural postures, as 
thick as ever they eould grow, as the 
bodies of most of them lie by ttieir pro- 
per roots. Most of tbe great trees, by 
all tbeir length about a yard finoai their 
great roots (uuto which th^ did most 
evidently belong, both fay their sitnatlon, 
and tbe sameness of tlie wood) with their 
tops commonly Noftb-East, thongh tlm 
smaller trees lie almost every way eross 
those, some above, some under, a third 
part of all which are firt, some of which 
have been found of thirty yards length 
and above, and have l>een sold to malte 
masts and keels for ships. Oaks have 
been found of SO, 80, and 35 yards long, 
yet wanting many yards at tlie small end. 
Some of which havo been sold lor 4, 8-, 
10, and 15/. a-piece i which are as lUack 
as ebony, and very lasting and durabto; 
The ashes are as soft as earth, and are 
commonly cut in pieces by the worl^* 

* « Leland's Itinerary, VoL t 39,40." 
f " He wrote a paper on trees found 
underground in Hatfield Chase, -and pub- 
lished in tbe Philosophical Transactions, 
No. S75, page 980, or Jones's Abridge- 
ment, Vol. IV. page 91 S." 

men'n 



1817.] 



Reviem of New PuhlicaHom. 



145 



men's 8padM» which, as soon as flunf^ up 
into the open air, fall away into dast ; 
hot all the rest, even the willows them- 
selves, whidi are softer than ashes, pre> 
serve their substance and texture to this 
day. I have seen some fir trees, that as 
they have laid all along, afrer that they 
werefallen, have struck up great branches 
Oram their sides, which have grown into 
the thickness and height of considerable 
trets.-— .Haiel nuts and acorns have fre- 
<|iiently keen found at the bottom ofthe 
soil of those levels and moors, and fir 
tree apples, or cones, in great quantities 
by whole bushels together/ — Mr. Ed- 
ward Canby told Mr. Pryme that he 
* found an oak tree within his moors 
40 yards long, 4 yards in diameter at 
the p«at end, 3 yards and a foot in the 
■liddle, and two yards over at the small 
end ; so that the tree seems to have 
been as long again ; for which he was 
proffered 90/. At another time he found 
a fir tree 36 yards long, besides the com- 
pvted length thereof, which might well 
be 1 5 yards more.' — 'The Rev. Mr. EaraC 
id Hatfield lately observed in the dig- 

8 lag of a pit of a great decoy in these 
ivelsy the roots of the firs always stood 
in the sand, and the oaks in the clay ; 
and i have observed the same in multi- 
tedcs of places of these commons.' — In 
another paper by Pryme he observes, * I 
bave received some farther informations 
about the fir-trees of Hatfield-Chase. I 
have been told by several gentlemen, 
that about SO years ago one Sanderson 
of Hatfield died, aged near 80 years, 
whose father, much of the same age, did 
frequently assure him, and other gen- 
tlemen that were curious in the matter, 
that he could very well remember many 
hundreds of great fir-trees, standing one 
here and another there, in a languishing 
decaying condition, half as high as bouses, 
and some higher, whose tops were all 
dead, yet their boughs and branches al- 
waya green and flourishing, growing all 
of them in these levels: and Joho Hat- 
field, of Hatfield, Esq. who is not above 
40 years of age, has by him a large twig 
that his father plucked off from the 
sprout of a green and flourishing shrub 
of fir, that grew from the great root of 
one of the same kind in these commons. 
And an old man of Croul tells me, that 
he has heard his father say, that he could 
remember multitudes of shrubs and small 
fir-trees growing here, while this coun- 
try was a chase, and while the vert was 
preserved, before the drainage. And in 
many old charters, that 1 have seen, of 
Roger de Mowbray, Lord of Axholm, who 
lived in the year 1 100, relating to Hurst, 
Bellwood, Ross, Santoft, &c. it appears, 

Gent. Mao. Jtigttst, 1817. 



that then all these placet were covered 
with a great old decaying forest or wood ; 
and not them only, but also all that low 
common between Croul Causey and Au- 
thorp upon Trent ; and though there be 
not one stick of any such thing now to 
be seen, yet it is not only plainly ma- 
nifest that the same was true, from the 
roots there found, but also from the said 
roots, that most of the trees that then 
grew there were firs. All which were 
but the after- growth, and relicts ofthe 
great forest, that was destroyed by the 
Romans. *' 

" 111 June 1747, the body of a wo- 
man was discovered six feet deep in a 
peat moor ; the antique sandals on her 
feet shewed that she had been buried 
fo^ many ages. — Her hair and nails 
were as fresh as any person's living « 
her skin was soft, of a tawney colour, 
and stretched like a piece of doe lea- 
ther, and was as strong *. — In August 
1803, a statue of oak, black as ebony, 
about two yards high, and carved in the 
habit of a Roman warrior, was found 
several feet deep, between Misson and 
Haxey ; one hand held an arrow, and 
a bow was slung over the shoulder. 
This account I received from a person 
who saw it exhibited ; another inform- 
ed me there was an inseriptlon, which 
1 have not been able to procure. The 
statue was claimed by a variety of work- 
men who were digging at the time, and 
in consequence of passing through many 
of their hands, is now become mutilated. 
— In the year 1811, about ai mile fropi 
East Ferry, in the moors, was found a 
canoe, cut from one trt^e of very large 
size : 1 was informed by a brother to 
the wheelwright who purchased it to 
break up for pails, that it was in length 
forty feet, four feet broad, and three* 
feet deep ; tapered at each end ; and 
formed without nail or pin. Some hu- 
man bones were found in the inside." 

We have next distinct Chapters on 
Mineralogy, Agriculture, genealogy. 
Drainage, Canal, Biography, Sporls 
and Pastimes ; and the Volume con- 
cludes with a copious Appendiif. 

In the Biographical Chapter will 
be found notices of Edmund Shef- 
field, Sir John Feme, James Green, 
Dr. Matthew Hurbery, George Slo- 
Yin, Esq. Rev. Samuel Wesley (in- 
cladiog a copious and interesting 
history of his three sons, Samuel, 
John, and Charles, and their siitter 
Mehetabel Wright), Joseph Seatou, 

* Philosophical Transactions, 1747, 
Vol. XLIV. page 571. 

Edward 



7 



1 46 Review of New PMicaiitms. [ A ug* 

Edward Pearf, M. D. and of the Au- pressed, worse practices within doors ar« 

thor, Mr. W. Peck, who says to be feared'), may be with sing^ular 

"To the Reader it will, probably, propriety adopted on the most transient 

appear presumptuous in me to speak of ^""'"^'y «f <^"' V^^""^ P*>P«^ manner*. 
myself; but as I am a native of Ep- 

worth, I shall add, that I have published ^^ ^ ,,. . . . ■, ^ , . , 

• Topography of Bawtry and Thome,' 22. Jn Hutarteal and T^pogmplacal 

* Veterinary Medicine and Therapeu- f^'f*^?^ ^""*^» *«, ^f"*.* .Ti!^r«" 
tics/ &c. and this humble attempt to ^/ ^'rt^tfl^*^^)^ 
illustrate the history of my Native ^'P- hmbeUtshed wtthEngriunngi. 
rnnntv" ^V John BridgQian. 8tw. «p. lo4. 

«,, «i . .. r* . 1 T^ JLuisuell. 

The Chapter on *' Sports and Pas- 
limes'' concludes with the words of WE had recenfiy occasioo to no- 
Mr. Brand, ill his Preface to Bourne's t»<^e the splendid Palaces of our an- 
" Anliquilates Vulgares." t:ent Nobility, exemplilied in the TC- 

« With regard to the rites, sports, Ac. "^^'^^^^ mansion of the Marquia of 
of the common people, 1 am aware, that ?«eler at Burghley (vol. LXXXVl. 
the morose and bigotted part of man- "• P- «40.) t to which the present 
kind*, without distinguishing between Work is an excellent companioo. 
the right use and the abuse of such enter- This is a species of publication to 
tainments, cavil at and malign them, which, when judiciously performed. 
Yet must such be told, that shows and the most fastidious can baYe no ob- 
fiports have been countenanced by the Jection. An Englishman feela proud 
best and wisest of states; and though to perceive these vettisei of gran- 
it cannot be denied, that they have been Jeur and hospitality ; and ia Foreigner 
sometimes prostituted to the purposes cannot fail of being Impreised with 
of riot and debauchery, yet were we to lyftjg^ 5^^.^, ^^ the Country in which 
reprobate every thing that has been thus ^^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^ raaintoined Iheir 
abused, religion itself could not be re- «,:.„«,„„i .^i^^j * 
tained \ perhaps we should be able to P"'"«^al splendour, 
keep nothing. •— « The common people. Few Houses, perhaps, from the tilu- 
confined by daily labour, seem to re- ation near a public road, are more 
quire their proper intervals of relaxa- generally known than that of Knole t 
tion ; i)erhaps it is of the highest po- and few Families have been more ge- 
litical utility to encourage innocent nerally celebrated than the Sack vil lea; 
sports and games among them. The but a compendious History botbof the 
revival of many of these would, I think. Mansion and its illustrioui Ownen was 
be highly pertinent at this particular x\\\ now a desideratum:^ 
season, when the general spread of lux- 
ury and dissipation threatens more than << William Lord Say and Sele, being 
at any preceding period to extinguish much engaged in the unhappy troubles 
the character of our boasted national of his time, was necessitatoi to sell 
bravery. For the observation of an bo- the greater part of his possesswna. He, 
nest old writer, Stow (who tells us, by his indenture, dated June SO, 1456, 
speaking of the May-games, Midsum- conveyed his manor of Knole, wHb ita 
mer-evef rejoicings, &c. anciently used appurtenances, to Thomas Bourchier, 
in the streets of London, * which open Archbishop of Canterbury.— Tbt Arch- 
pastimes in my youth being now sup- bishop, being seised in fee, in right 

* " I shall quote here the subsequent curious thoughts on this subject : the puri- 
tans are ridiculed in them : 

' These teach that dancing is a Jezabel, 
And barely break the ready way to hell : 
The Morris idols, Whitsun-ales, can be 
But profane relicts of a jubilee : 
These, in a zeal t' express how much they do, 
The organs hate, have silenc'd bagpipes too ; 
And harmless maypoles all are rail'd upon. 

As if ihey were the tow'rs of Babylon.' "-rHandolph't Poem»t |646. 
t " I call to mind here the pleasing account Mr. Sterne has left ua iu his Sen- 
timental Journey, of the gract-dance after supper. — I agree with that amiable 
writer, in thinking that religion may mix herself in the dance, and that innocent 
cheerfulness is no inconsiderable part of devotion ; such indeed as cannot fail of 
being grateful to the Good Beings — it is a silent bat eloquent mode of praising 
him !" 

of 



«f hie ardriwilMipriCy of the bundfdi of into thetjiiftii'i liaiidi. . Soon after tbe 

Codthoath, And ibe manor or lordthip of Puke of Northombcrland'* attainder, 

8tv«aoaliiy nbttilt the manor-bouM of which was oonfiraied in Parliamciit the 

Kaole, aiid eneloted tbe park roond tbe taae year, Queen Marj fprauted t be ma* 

aasNi. He resided chiefly at it ; and M nora and kirdshi|»s of Sevenoakt and 

hb death, which' happened at thie place, Knole, and the |Mrk and lands helong- 

Mareb 30, I486, hec(tteatbed this nanor,/ ing: to tliem, tbe park of Panthum» 

witli its appurtenances, to the eee of Wbitley*Wood, and other pntmises, ta 

Canlerbaiy, as a palace for bisattoeea* Rei^iuald Pole, Archbishop of Canter- 

sort for. ever.— ^Archbishop Morton, bis bury, and a Cardinal of the Cbureb of 

e«n4sso# in tbe see, a Cardinal of tbe Rome, to hold during: tbe term of bis 

cbmreh of Rome, and Lord Chancellor natural life, and one year after, as be 

o| England, resided frequently there, should by his last will determine. Ca^* 

dwring which time be spent great sums dinal Pole died possessed oftbese manors 

in repairing ajnd augmenting this house, and estate*, November 17, 15&8, the 

ai^vng otiwrs belonging to thearcbbi- same day that Queen Maty diedi wbea 

slM^pirlck. King Heniy VII., in bis sixth they again reverted to tbe Crown. Queen 

year,|ippears to have honoured biro with £lisabetb, by her letters patent, . dated, 

m Yisit there more than once. He died March the 20tb, in her first year, grant* 

at dCiiole in October 1500, leaving be- ed the manor of Sevenoaks, with its ap* 

hiad bim the ebaracter of having been purtenances, tbe hundred of Codsbeath,' 

bom for tbe good of all England. — ^Arch- and the leets and views of franc pledge, 

InbIkip Morton was succeeded in tbe and fines and markets, in Sevenoaks, 

see <rf Canterbury by Henry Dean, after- with their rights, members, franchises, 

wafds Leed Chancellor, who, preferring ^berties, &c. in^ the county of Kent, 

tlie situation of Otiprd, in that neigh- to her kinsman U«nryCary, Lord Huns-^ 

boerlio«d| laid out considerable sums of don, and bis heirs, who, in the thirteenth 

■Mney on tlm archiepiscopal bouse there, y«v of that reign, claimed certain fran- 

wliere be mostly resided. He died at chises, liberties, and immunities, for thie 

Lambeth, Fek^aiy 15, 1308. — ^William bis manor, as having been granted to it- 

Warbam succeeded Dean. After bis by King £dward iV. by letters patent, 

coming to tbe see be resided much at in bis third year, to Thomas, Archbishop 

Knole, as appears by King Henry Vlll. of Canterbury^ all which were then al- 

baving frequently visited him there from lowed to him. His grandson Henry, 

tbe year 1504 to 1514; after which, lay- Lord Hunsdon^ conveyed this manor, 

ing out vast sums on the neighbouring with its appurtenances, to Richard, 

palace of Otford (according to some, Earlof Dorset, in the reign of James I. — 

j^35,000), he resided chiefly there till Queen £lizabeth, March 1, in her third 

his death in 1532. — He was succeeded year, granted the manor and house of 

by the mild and exemplary Thomas Knole, and the park and lands belong'^ 

Cranmer. At a very inauspicious pe- ing to it, together with other estates, to 

riod for the Church he attained the Sir Robert Dudley, afterwards Earl of 

archbishoprick, and was barely seated in Leicester, to bold in capite, by Knigbt'a 

it when he found it necessary to give service ; all which the Karl surrendered 

op a considerable share of its possessions, up again to the Queen, in June, in the 

to save a part. Knole, with its appurte- eighth year of her reign. Soon after this 

nances, together with the manors of Ot- surrender, in the same year, the Queen 

ford, Wrotbam.Bexley, North fleet, Maid- granted the manor of Knole, tbe house 

stone, and Knole, with their livings, .and its appurtenances, as enjoyed by Sir 

formed the principal part. Ktiole, with Robert Dudley, to Thomas Saekville, 

its park, and lands belonging, and the Esq. afterwards Earl of Dorset, who was 

messuages of Pantiers and Brytaiiis, re- related to tbe Queen by the intermar-i 

roained in tbe hands of tbe Crown, till riage of bis family with that of BuU 

King Edward VI. in the fourth year of len, as will be noticed hereafter. A lease 

his reign, granted them with otber es- of tbe manor of Knole had been granted 

tates to John Dudley, Earl of Warwick, by tbe Earl of Leicester to one Rolfe„ 

bis wife and their heirs, in exchange for previous to his surrender of it to tbe 

other lands. In the seventh of this reign. Queen ; and it remained leased, and was 

having been created Duke of Northum- inhabited by John Leonard, of Cbeven- 

berland, he sold the lordship and manor ing, till the year 1603, when his term 

of Knole, with those of Sevenoaks, to in it being expired, he surrendered the 

tbe King, 'reserving to himself and his manor of Knole, Knole-House, the park, 

heirs Knole-House, with its park, gar^ with tbe woods and lands thereto 

dens, i&c. &c. On tbe attainder and exe- belonging, to Thomas Saekville, Ba- 

cution of the Duke for high treason, in ron of Buckhurst, afterwards Earl of 

the first year of Queen Mary, knole, and Dorset. A tradition is current in the 

the other premises above excepted^ came family, said to have been delivered dowa 

fCOJX: 



148 



Review tf Nem Pfiblicdtians. 



[Aug. 



from the first Earl, that the Queen's 
motive in hestowing this bouse upon 
him was to keep him near her court 
and councils, that he mig^ht repair thi- 
ther, on any emergency, with more ex- 
pedition than he could from Buckhurst; 
for at that period the roads in Sussex 
were at times impassable. This account 
is very probable, for, excepting the ho- 
nour of receiving it from his sovereign, 
and the advantage it gave him of being 
more actively serviceable to bis country, 
it is not evident why he should have 
quitted Buckhurst. His generous na- 
ture, and the princely fortune he pos- 
sessed, prove that interested motives did 
not impel him to accept it; and the 
place itself was not superior to Buck- 
burst, either in size or grandeur, as 
may be gathered from the ground-plan 
of that house, still extant, while it was 
inferior in point of climate. The Earl 
of Dorset came to reside at Knole in 
1603, and used it as his principal resi- 
dence until his death, which happened, 
while sitting at the council-board, in 
1608. It is said of this Earl, that he 
employed at Knole two hundred work- 
men constantly. There can be little 
doubt of this when it is considered the 
length of time it had been leased, and 
the very essential repairs it would re- 
quire. The water- spouts, which have 
the initials of his name upon them, are 
dated, some 1605, and others 160?, two 
vears after his arrival at Knole : and as 
these are placed both within and with- 
out the house, and correspond with the 
lead upon the roof, they are proofs that 
the bouse in every part underwent a 
thorough repair by him. The carved 
screen in the great hall, which bears his 
arms with those of his Countess, was 
placed there by him ; while the wains- 
cot in the same hall, in the dining- 
parlour, and in all the other rooms and 
galleries, as well as the ceilings that 
have not been modernized, are of the 
same taste and character. This Earl 
was succeeded by his son Robert ; and 
Knole has continued to be the principal 
residence of the family to this time." 

Thus much for the Family of Sack- 
ville. The House is next particularly 
described. 

^' The noble Hall, the first room shewn 
to visitors, from which they are con- 
ducted to the other apartments, is finely 
proportioned, and measures seventy-four 
feet ten inches in length (including the 
screen), twenty-seven in breadth, and 
twenty-six feet eight inches in height. 
The long table is constructed for the 
game of shuffle- board, an amusement 
which, though now disused, was formerlj 
much indulged in at large bouies, par- 
ticularly in had weather. This room it 



tmifk after the plan of the Anglo-Nbman 
halls, having the ifoi», or raised floor, at 
one end of it, where was plaeed the prin- 
cipal table for the use of the Prinee, 
Prelate, or Baron, possessor of the man- 
sion ; while other tables stood lenfj^b- 
ways down the hall, for the recepdoa 
of visitors^ tenants, and domestiet. This 
form was continued by his present Ma- 
jesty, upon several occasions diirin(( tiil 
reign, particularly in St. George's Hall, 
Windsor-Castle, after his illness in 178^ 
The King and the Royal Family lat at 
a table at the upper end, ot Mm, and'tha 
Nobility at two long tables, which itood 
lengthways down the hall. Their Ma- 
jesties sat at the centre of the table, widf 
the other branches of the Family to the 
right and left of them, leaving the oat- 
side of the table unoccupied, whieb en- 
abled their Majesties and the eompany 
to see each other. — ^The Brown Galleiy 
measures eighty- eight feet in length. 
The portraits of the illustrious pertous 
which form the principal part of the 
collection in this room were formerly 
placed in the great chamber, now called 
the Cartoon Gallery, and were re- 
moved when the Cartoons were brought 
' to Knole. Some of them are like Hol- 
bein, and the whole are of his school.** 

These Pictures, with others in the 
Hall and throughout the Mansion, 
are accurately enumerated, and enli- 
Tcned with Biographical Notices; 
and we gladly recommend the Work 
to every Traveller of taste. 

28. Sermons hy the lUv^ Charles Bar- 
ker, B.D. fmrmerfy Siudmi tf Christ 
Church, Uat Canon of Wells, &nd 
Chaplain to His Ro^ Highsms tko 
Prince Regent. Payne. 

THE Author of these Sermoot is 
probably remembered with sentiments 
of respect and affection by many inen 
of the present day in many stations of 
life. One of the public tutors in a 
large and flourishing College, bis mind 
was deeply imbued with souad clas- 
sical learning, his manners such as 
would ha^e rendered him not unac- 
ceptable to the most polished society, 
and his disposition tender, open, mn4 
generous. Traces of all these good 
qualities may, we thiuk, lie discover- 
ed in the compositions before ns. 
They do not indeed make any display 
of professional knowledge. On the 
contrary, there is not . a single text 
critically discussed in them i and patr 
sages from Scripture are lest fre- 
quently introduced than in nany 
writings which now t»ue from the 

presa 



1 8 1 7j Renew of Nm Publications. I io 

preM otL tsbjectf not immediately either to proud and pretomptuous, or 

cimnected with Theology. But the to heedleM, irresponsible, and despe- 

style if by BO means deficient in ti- rate sin? The CalvinUt. Who has 

ffour of refinement: the views of taught us, that whatever we do or suf- 

homan natare, and of human society ^l^ in Mi world, it matters not ; and 

in it» more cultivated forms, bein^ that all our expectations of future hap- 

correct and striking; and the clo- P!»^^«' *"** ^» .?"/ <^^"» of future pu- 

^ ♦:_«. .««-^«-.k:— ♦« • nishment, conditionally viewed (the 

quence sometimes •PP'-^^^^^h/^^^^ only view which is either comprehen- 

more impaisioned and affecting ch a- ^-^(^ ^^ ^^^f^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^J 

racier. It was the practice of our tor>' . that religious love, religious con- 

oMDmnes to divide and subdivide, trition, religious obedience, and all 

till the Reader, unless his attention those duties of life whieh owe their 

be Tery close, is apt to lose sight of spirit, and vi^ur, and firmness, to this 

the plan with which they at first set out. holy association ; who has told us, that 

Here* however, some will perhaps all this worship, .and all these duties, 

complain of the x>l her extreme : there upon principles like these, ure vain? 

ii BO formal separation of the topics The Calvinist ;— he who maintains (I 

in these discourses, and the connexion shudder as I proceed), he who main- 

of the several parts is sometimes so tain»» that before the world was, God 

faintU marked as not to be perceived predestined in Christ, without the 

without some difficulty. f «' consideration of any act which 

The fourth Sermon, on Religions l^''^ ^^^"l^ **^» * P«^''^ *>^ ™*"*^"\d 

_, .J t . J ^ t^ u^ J:.*:« to everlasting hapuiness; and doomed, 

^"."^f!*"?' •^"^' *" ^ -UK i •: ^'^^^ »« «q»^l disregard to their con! 
guiahed for its elegance, although it ^uot in this life, the remaining por- 
may be questioned whether the d is- tion to eternal misery. The Calvinist,— 
tmction made at the beginning of it, be who, not content with imputing to 
respecting the principles of social in- the Almighty this wild and horrible in- 
tercourse, ** as belonging wholly to iustice, adds mockery to cruelty; and, 
nianoers, and being classed under the being compelled to acknowledge that 
head of good taste (which is a part the promise of salvation is univer- 
of sound sense), and not of fidelity sal to all who believe, scruples not 
(which is a part of virtue)," be not to affirm, that the partial salvation 
more subtle than just; nor can this and the universal promise subsist to- 
distinclion, even qualified as it is, be S^^^^r. The Calvinist,-he who tells 
easily reconciled to what is after- us, that upon those whom he has cho- 
wards said at p. 62 in the same dis- ««"' God w,ll, m his own good time, 
' *^ bestow his irresistible and impensh- 

^*^""^" , ... c r^ I ' ' ' able grace, aye, whether they solicit it 

The description of Calvinism, in ^^„^^. ^j^jj^^ „^^ ^ ray shall illumine 

Sermon VIII. p. 126, is well worthy ^jjem whom his original decree has for 

theatlentionof those who, instead of ^y^^ excluded from the possibility of 

taking their Religion from the Bible salvation.— This is the doctrine: and 

itself, are contented, in direct oppo- supposing it to be submitted, for the 

sition to the Apostle^s advice, to de- first time, to any plain and unsophis- 

rive their doctrine and their denomi- ticated mind, the natural r}uestion of 

nation from a fallible interpreter of such a mind would be, how doctrines 

the Bible: ^^ strange and dreadful could ever 

have enjoyed countenance or currency ; 

** There can be no religious homage, how it came to pass, that if this be 

no gratitude, no hope, no fear, no mo- Calvinism, (and Calvinism it is, neither 

tive to virtue, no title to reward, no extenuated nor exagfijerated,) a consi- 

sentence to punishment, unless God derable portion of the Christian com- 

himself be just, benevolent, and good : munity should ever have been, and 

and who has presumed to tell us that should still continue to be, Calvinistsj 

be is otherwise? who has imputed to and above all, how it could ever bap- 

him- (aye to the utmost extent of that pen that Speculative Calvinism and 

stupendous scale on which he acts) a practical virtue should ever be found 

capricious tyranny, unworthy of the together." 

least virtuous amongst the sons of men ? nerhans was there exhibitfld 

who has misrepresented his justice, con- ^f^^r pernaps was tnere exniuitaa 

verted bis all-gracious mercy into irra- »<> P»?^""g * picture of a good Pa- 

tional partiality, artd thus obscured his rochial Minis ter, as in the extract 

bolinefi; and who, in doing this, has which we shall add from Sermon IX. 

shaken the very foundation of moral preached in St. Paurs Cathedral, at 

virtue^ and granted an unlimited licence the Aooual Fcajst of the Sods of the 

Cler-y, . 



150 



Review qf New Publications. 



[Aug. 



Clergy, ^hich, together vr'tih the 
firit, preached in Lambeth at the 
Consecration of Charlei Moss, Bi- 
shop of Oxford, were the only two, 
out of the eighteen here published, 
that were printed during the life of 
IWr. Barker. Speaking of the ordi- 
nary duties of the Parochial Minis- 
ter, he proceeds thus : 

** Let us suppose (and we have a 
right to suppose it) that be fulfils them 
well, and then let those who dwell with- 
in the sphere of his exertions say can- 
didly what is the effect : it is seen, tbey 
will tell you, in the good order and so- 
ber conduct of those committed to his 
charge ; it is seen, not only in the re- 
gular and solemn offices of devotion in 
which they partake with him, but in 
daily acts of solicitous friendship and 
prudent interposition : he it is who ap- 
plauds tbeni when right, reproves them 
when wrong ; and, by the infiueiice of 
precept, the authority of station, the 
correct familiarity of intercourse, and 
the softened dignity of example, di- 
rects and guides them in the way which 
tbey ought to go ; to him others re- 
sort for knowledge of character, when 
distress is to be relieved, industry en- 
couraged, or vice reclaimed ; a confi- 
dence is reposed in him, which gives to 
his intercession the weight of actual 
observation and experience ; he sup- 
plies, when necessary, the absence of 
more opulent protectors ; be is the in- 
terpreter of their will, and the faithful 
steward of their bounties ; be comes 
between the great and the humble, the 
wealthy and the indigent; he is the 
suitable friend, and, as occasion re- 
quires, the fit associate of either, and 
scarcely a single event of importance 
can affect the well-being of the one or 
of the other, under which his presence 
can be thought unseasonable, t)r his ad- 
vice impertinent : bis family act with 
bim ; bis wife, bis children, they of bis 
household are stamped with the same 
character ; they are elevated by edu- 
cation to an intercourse with the high- 
est ; they are brought down by duty 
and affection to a level with the lowest. 
Would to Heaven that this were their 
rnly assimilation with the poor and 
lowjy ! But it is not : witness the un- 
provided condition of their offispring. 
Their fathers, however, were patient 
under their wants, and found the re- 
ward of their labours in the approba- 
tion of their conscience ; they were quali- 
fied to reflect honour upon rank, had 
tbey been raised to it ; and to do good 
with wealth, bad they enjoyed it. Tbey 
did more ; they fulfllled their painful 
course without an adequate hope of 



worldly reeompenSc, and steadily exer- 
cised those virtues in retirement and 
obscurity, which owe too often their 
vigour and perseverance to the popular 
notice which is bestowed upon tliem." 
P. 166. 

On the whole, if these diicourte* 
make not much addition to tlie the- 
ological stores of this country, which 
are already richer than those of any 
other in Modern Europe, tbey moy 
yet be considered as no ili|^ht aecea- 
•ion to Polite Literature. 

S4. J%e Lament of Tasso. By Ltrd 
Byron. %vo.pp, 18. Murray. 

THE whole of this little Poem it 
highly creditable to the talents of the 
Noble Author. Few stories, indeed, 
can excite more sympathy than that 
of Tasso — eiipecially the sympathy 
of those of kindred powers. It ii not 
wonderful, then, that Lord Byron, on 
visiting the scene of his suflferingi^ 
and the country of his language, 
should he induced to personify hiro; 
to lament and to remcmstrale in his 
name. He thus describee the mad- 
house, where the poet, was confined 
as a lunatic, for having aspired to the 
hand of the sister of his Sovereign: 

*' Above me, hark ! the long and maniac 

Of minds and bodies in captivity. . 
And hark ! the lash and the increasing 

bowl. 
And the half-inarticulate blasphemy! 
There be some here with worse than 

frenzy soul, [bour'd mind. 

Some who do still goad on the o'er'la- 
And dim the little light tbaf s left behind 
With needless torture, as ttieir tyrant wUl 
Is wound up to the lust of doing ill: 
With these and with their victims am I 

dass'd, [years have pass'd ; 

'Mid sounds and sights like these long 
'Mid sights and sounds like these my 

life may close : 
So let it be — for then I shall repose. 
I have been patient, let me be so yet; 
I bad forgotten half I would forget. 
But it revives — oh ! would it were my lot 
To be forgetful as I am forgot ! 
Feel I not wroth with those who bade 

me dwell 
In this vast lazar-bouse of many woes? 
Where laughter is not mirth, northought 

the mind, [kind ; 

Nor words a language, nor ev'n men man- 
Where cries reply to curses, shrieks to 

blows. 
And each is tortur'd in his separate hell— 
For we are crowded in our solitudes- 
Many, but each divided by the wall, 

Wbicli 



1817.] 



J^euicw i^ New PuMkaiiem. 



151 



Which ccboe^ Madness in her b^bling 

' itioods r— 
While atl can hear, none heed his neigh- 
bour's call— [of all, 
Noiite ! iave that One, the veriest wretch 
Wli(t ii^as not made to be the mate of 
these, [Disease. 
Nor bound between Distraction and 
Feel I not wrdth With those who placed 
i aiehere? [men. 
Who hav* debased me in the minds- of 
Dabairinf me the usage of my own. 
Blighting my life in best of its career, 
BfUiding my thoughts as things to shun 

and fear? 
Would Tnot pay them l>ack these pangs 
again, [groan ? 

And teach them Inward sorrow's stifled 
llie struggle to be calm, and cold dis- 
' tress. 

Which undermines our Stoical success ? 
|iiot-^«till too proud fo be vindictiTe-^I 
H«f«panlon'd princes' insults, and would 
die." 

Tile followiog if the concluding 
itanzi: 

« 1 once was quick in feeling— tbati^oPerj 

My aears are callous, or 1 should hare 

« ' dash'd [flash'd 

My brain against these bars as the sun 

,ln mockeiy through them}*— if I bear 

and bore [more 

The much I have recounted, and the 

Which hath no words, 'tis that 1 would 

not die [lie 

And sanction with self-slaughter the dull 

Which snared me here, ami with the 

brand of shame 
Stamp madness deep into my memory. 
And woo compassion to a blighted name. 
Sealing the sentence which my foes pro- 
claim. 
No— it shall be immortal !— and I make 
A future temple of ray present cell, 
Which nations yet shall visit for my sake. 
While thou, Ferrara! when no longer 
dwell [down, 

The Ducal chiefs within thee, shalt fall 
And crumbling piecemeal view thy 

hearthless halls, 
A poet's wreath shall be t hine only crown, 
A poet's dungeon thy most far renown. 
While strangers wonder o'er thy un- 
peopled walls ! 
And thou, Leonora! thou— who wert 

ashamed 
That such as 1 could love— who blush'd 
to hear [be dear, 

To less than monarchs that thou couldst 
Go I tell thy brother that my heart, un- 
tamed 
By grief, years, weariness— and it may bfe 
A taint of that he would impute to me— 
From long infection of a den like this. 
Where the mind rots congenial with th* 
abyss. 



Adores tbee still {—and add— that wheo 

the towers [hours 

And battlements which guard his joyous 
Of banquet, dance, and revel, areforgot^ 
Or left untended in a dull repose. 
This— this shall be a consecrated spot t 
But Thou— when all that Birth and 

Beauty throws 
Of magic round thee is extinct— «haU 

have grave. 

One half the laurel which o'ershades my 
No power in death can tear our names 

apart, [heart. 

As none in life could rend thee from my 
Yes, Leonora ! it shall be our fate 
To be entwined for ever— but too late ! 

85. Satmett and other Poems, By Jane 
Alice Sargant. %vo,pp, 143. Uatch- 
ard. 

MISS SARGANT dedicates the 
work before us to the Right Hon. 
the Earl Fitswilltaro, io three pages 
of modest and grateful ackoowledg- 
metit : 

<* Since I have been permitted, by the 
condescending benevolence of your 
Lordship, to lay this little volpme be- 
fore you, and to present it to the world, 
under the protection of your po«(rerful 
name, one painful source of anxiety is 
removed from my breast : for I can now 
venture to hope some indulgence may 
be shewn to a young and inexperienced 
author, who, however unknown to the 
world, has been honoured with your 
Lordship's notice. But, whilst hope 
thus imparts her cheering influence, I 
also feel, my Lord, an' earnest solici- 
tude, lest these productions may be con- 
sidered as undeserving the kind and 
generous support your Lordship's pa- 
tronage has given them. Should such 
be the case, whilst I acknowledge the 
justice of the sentence which consigns 
these pages to oblivion, I shall jwt re- 
fleet with satisfaction, that my ofifer- 
ing has contained nothing inimical to 
those sentiments of Religion and Mora- 
lity which so eminently distinguish your 
Lordship's character, &c. &c." 

This seasoning is not too high or 
too hoi, we presume, to be unpalat- 
able. The Preface of four pages is 
a very aflfecling detail of the causes 
for publication. It i» followed by 
eleven pages, containing a respect- 
able list of well-wishers, who (if they 
all pay) are numerous enough to se- 
cure Miss Sargant from pecuniary 
loss in the undertaking. There is 
no table of contents. 

In our truly enlightened country, 
most painful kod heart-rending is it 

to 



152 



Review of New Publicaiions. 



[Aug. 



to obferve, that EsUbliihmenU fiini- 
lar to those endowed and maintaioed 
even in very bigoted states are no 
where partially kept up. fFe mean 
houses for the decent support of fe- 
males of great reopeotabitity and lit- 
tle income. A coarse and vulgar spi- 
rit went forth at the same time with 
the Angel of Keforjuation in these 
Realms; Riid whilst the latter, with a 
tongue of truth and power like a 
two-ed«jed sword, smote religious 
tyrnnny on its throne of usurpation, 
and broke the mental chains of the 
oppressed on the heads of their lux- 
urious and hypocritical oppressors, 
the former snatched the besom of 
destruction, and with drunken fury 
swept from the face of the land in- 
discriminately many good institutions 
along with others that were notori- 
ously bad : because some monks were 
libertines, and some women were de- 
bauched, thji jfore convents and mo- 
nasteries, niuis and friars, all, all were 
to be abolished. Thank God, Oxford 
and Cambridi;e proudly survive* to 
serve as living proofs of the blessings 
of such Establishments} and sure we 
are that (under proper strict limita- 
tions) similar civile and oot merely 
religious, societies for females of 
rank and character without fortune 
or adequate protection might and 
would prove extensively beneficial. 
How many amiable young ladies, like 
Miss Sargant, reputably allied and 
carefully brought upa id England, 
Ireland, and Scotland, are there, who, 
in her own pathetic language, may 
exclaim : *< Unforeseen events hay- 
ing deprived us of fortune, at the 
moment we were suffering from the 
effects of a long and painful illness, 
we turned for consolation to those 
religious principles which had early 
been implanted in our hearts i and, 
through their influence, we regained 
that tranquillity which the unexpect- 
ed stroke of adversity for a time had 
banished.'* — All are not able to con- 
tinue, with Miss Sargant, "We un- 
dertook to augment and revise our 
collections of Poems, and we now pre- 
sent them to the publick as the only 
means which at present offer of gain- 
ing supp(»rt:" Vet, alas! thousands 
in the United Empire may repeat 
from bursting hearts an exdamatioa 
dictated by the mouth of the ador- 
able Son Of God, Zko^bv wk Ivy^ 
fxev, ivouluf aWx^fOfi/fia, — fFe Irtiit 
we are perfectfy wndentood. 



Miss Sargant forcibly remindl us 
of Mrs. Charlotte Smith in that me- 
lancholy lady*s best days of lamen- 
tation and of song ; she is almost as 
mournful, but not quite so querulous « 
she is less poetical, but more oafli'ral. 
Mrs. Smith seemed to sit down at all 
hours determined io be miMerable^ 
crying out, as she dipped ber quill in 
gall, *^ Let us all be unhappy toge- 
ther !** Miss Sargant, sweet soow- 
drop ! reclines her head in privacy 
and silence, smiles through her soli- 
tary tears of lanufuishment and pe- 
nury; and if sometimes perchance the 
keen sense of woe elicits a sigh, she 
gently murmurs to her wild iEoliaa 
harp in a sad and chastened tone, 
'< When I am in heaviness, I will 
think upon God : when ray heart is 
vexed, 1 will complain.'* — The loud- 
~ ness of her strain depends upon the 
potency^ of the blast from Heaven, 
and it ere long subsides into' all the 
liquid melody of plaintiveness, qui- 
escence, and resignation. 

We shall present our Female Rea- 
ders with two elegant specimens of 
Miss Sargaot's refined and correct 
taste for Poesy i but we extract them 
without selection: every piece of 
verse in the collection possesses itf 
appropriate beauties. 

SONNET II. 
Forgive me, ob my friend ! if down my 
cheek [woe; 

Some silent drops will fall of keenest 
Ah! sure this aching, care-worn heart 
would break. 
If such relief it did not haply know. 
Oh! I bad bop'd my downward path of 
life, [ed been. 

Since youth's fair season had so blif bt- 
Migbt yet have pass'd away Irom toil 
and strife, [rene. 

My noon-day peaceful, and nsj ead se- 
But this fond hope for ever now is fied \ 
Fatigued, and faint, and sieky fresh 
eviU come, 
I find no place to rest my weary bead— > 
Jn exile tadf in distant lands Imam,' 
But, be it so — 1, still resign'd, can say, 
" It is thy will, oh God ! I worship, and 
obey." 
Perhaps line IS may meeii more 
than meets the Reader's eye. -^ In 
^tiBi distant land b Miss Sar{Mll«ii 
exih f 

SONNET V. 

Regret not, ob my friend! that Misery's 

band VtMmr ; 

Has laid on thee a' weight tboa in caft 

Oh 1 cease to mourn that fiiky plaaMns 

bland 
Must haply yield to deejs c wioii f care. 

T ^ ' Man's 



18JL7.] Bemew qf New PuhUctOwm. 159 



M ao'8 Uttk Kfe U but a scMie of wpe» rf JUanm^^Mf seewrmgtke Qp^ 

Where every heart alike it doom'd to CvyrtghiM ef Primted JBookit U tJu Am- 

bleeds then of such B^eki or thfir Astigni s' for 

Death quickly lays his fragile beauty low, the purpose of ascertaining 

As boisterous winds destroy the bend- « i. Whether the said Aqt hai aft* 

. ^ ing reed : [King, gwered the purposes, and produced the 

But not unseen by Heaven's Almighty remedies, for which it was passed? 

Wboje tender care protecu the me«.- „ ^ ^^^ .^ ^^ ^ ^^^ ^^^ 

He Udi bit ugib By on beallntwinK. intentionalbr, or from stfme ineorceet. 

From dirett k thi belpleu wretcb to «»••» •» *»>• '»«»•■? of ". n** S^ 
^ . "^ fsnare &n<i^> so considerable as to call louw 

JJor doth timptation spread the secret ^^ ano^h« interference of Parliament?'* 

Beyond what grace may stem, or faith Sir Bgerton then proceeds to glYe 

. naay bear." a Tcry perspicnoufl account of whit 

We take our leave of Miss Sargant may be termed ** the history of Lite- 

wlth sincere respect. W. B. Cheltea, rarjr Copyright," from some lately 

recoTered letters of Carte, the Hitto- 
96. Bewma for a farther Jmendment of rian, published in 1735, when a Bill 
the Act 54 Geo. III. c, 156, being an ^^A brought into Parliament to ren- 
Act to amend the Otpyrighi Act of Jer the Act of Clueen Anne more ef- 
jg^Anne. ^y^trEgcrtonBrydges, fgctnal. From this history it appcan 
^art. M. P. Svo.pp. 48. 1817. » very gross mistake, that the cbims 

rr is with much regret that we are of the UniYersities were an inseparabia 
again called upon to advert to the dis- condition, coetaneons with the inter- 
' pute relative to the subject of Copy- ference of Parliament in the protec- 
right, which is, in truth, neither tron of Copyright. It is clearly 
mpre nor less than a dispute between proved, on the contrary, that, for 
those, who ought to encourage Lite- nearly 70 years before the Act ef 
irature, and Literature itself — a dis- Qaeen Anne, Parliament unequiTO->* 
pute whether those who ourht< to cally declared the property of Copy- 
protect, should also he enabled to right, and denounced penalties for 
oppresii it. That men of equally li- the infringement of it, without ro- 
beral minds should sometimes be in- quiring the tax of a single copy; la 
doced to view the same object in a fact, no copies were required until the 
▼ery different light, may be the case Xicensing Act of IS and 14 of Charles 
where the object has not received n. Then only three copies were to 
every possible illustration, or where be delivered, namely, for the King*s 
interest is allowed to intercept the Library, and the two Universities of 
operationof fair reasoning. But, af- Oxford and Cambridge; and even 
ter the documents presented in the these, not for the encouragement of 
very excellent pamphlet before us, learning $ not as a consideration for 
we may surely hope that the (question the privileges given by that Act, but 
will be reviewed in the ensuing Par- for the purpose of furnishing Miniii- 
liament, divested, as it now is, from all ters of State, and the yice-chancellon 
ambiguity ; and, being thus rendered of the two Universities, with the 
obvious, we may farther hope that the means of controuling the liberty of 
relief prayed for will be granted. the press. This Act continued in 

It is not unknown to most of our force till some years after the Revo- 
Readers that, in the last Session of Par- lution, when it was suffered to expire, 
liaroent. Sir E. Bridges afiked leave Piracies then grew so frequent, that 
to introduce a Bill to amend the late at length the Act of Queen Anne was 
Copyright Act, passed July 29, 1814 $ passed, in order to put an end to them, 
and that his proposit ion was negatived ,, ;^^„^ apparently took 

%ya very sma I major, y [jee p. 168]. ^^ ^^ Parliamentary Ordi- 

In the present Pamphlet the learned -^^^^^ ^^ ,^^3 ^^j that part of the Li- 
Member gives his reasons for the mo- ^^^^^ a^^, which was founded on it, 
tion; and we confess they are such as following the last in the demand for the 
appear to us unanswerable. Xhree Copies to the King's Library, and^ 

'** In the following pages," says Sir E. W Cambridge and Oxford. In its pas- 

•* I propose briefly, to. .enquire into the "sage through t'he Commons, Two more 

"history^ and provision? of. the Act 54 Geo, 'Copies were added, viz. for Sion Colfege, 

*11I. c. 156,*entitle«l, < An Act to amend and for the University of Edinburgh. 

the^fe^al Acti fw the Encouragement «« In the Lords, Four more Copies 

Gent. 'Mag. August, 1817. were 

8 



154 



Seview of New Publications. 



[Aug. 



were added for Scotland — for the otber 
Universities of that Kingdom, and for 
the Advocates' Library. The Two Co- 
pies for Ireland have been g^iven by a 
n^w Act, subsequent to the Union. 

*< This Act, however, was soon found 
to be very faulty, and still left Authors 
open to the depredations of piracy, ^t 
length, a Bill for rendering this Act 
more efifeciual was brought in, and 
passed the Commons, in April 1735. It 
wa§ afterwards thrown out in the Lords. 

*' This Bill was apparently drawn, and 
;vlvocated by many printed letters, by 
Thomas Carte, the Historian, whose 
papers on the subject have within these 
three weeks fallen into my hands ; and 
furnished me with the large ctxtracts 
given in the preceding pages. 

« In 1813 and 1814, the owners of 
Copyright sought an amendment of the 
Act of Q. Anne, according to the con- 
struction given to it by the Court of 
King's Bench in 1812, in the case of the 
University of Cambridge and Bryer, by 
which it was decided that the Univer- 
sities were entitled to Eleven Copies of 
every Work printed and published, or 
re -published with additions, whether 
entered at Stationers' Hall or not. 

" This was a claim which had never 
been in the contemplation of either 
party, from the passing the Act in the 
reign of Q. Anne till 1805, when suoh 
a construction of the Act was first put 
%Mrth by Mr. Montagu, or Professor 
Christian. The owners of Copyright 
felt that, if such was the correct con- 
a^ruction of the Act, as it stood, they 
were entitled to petition Parliament to 
amend what was so obviously contrary to 
the intention of all parties ; and at the 
same time so grievous a burden on them, 
and such a discouragement to Literature. 

<< The claimants, however, of the 
£leven Copies felt re?51ved to surrender 
nothing of the advantages thus gained; 
and being powerful Bodies, widely con- 
nected with every part of the Empire, 
they carried on their opposition with 
too much success. 

" The petitioners urged the justice of 
their title to relief by various statements 
and proofs in print as otherwise, to 
which no answer was made which has 
ever appeared to my mind to carry even 
plausibility. They prayed, that, if the 
tax was to be levied where no protection 
was even asked, the wantonness of de- 
mand might at least be checked by the 
claimants being ordered to pay some 
small proportion (say a third or a fourth) 
of the price. The claimants would yield 
nothing. They said: *We will have 
every thing, whether you ask protection 
or not : and we will pay nothing !' 

" One little boon was however at last 
extorted from them. The Nine Copies, 



which were to be delivered under cer- 
tain circumstances by the Act of Queen 
Anne, were to be on the best Poftr, It 
was now conceded, that, after riveting 
all the other conditions of the Act ten 
times stronger than the former Act had 
rivetted them, and settled other doubt- 
ful parts of the original Act in their fa- 
vour, which embraced objects of the first 
value *, that all except the British Mu- 
seum would be content to take their 
Copies of the Paper on which the largest 
number or impression of each Book shoutd 
be printed for sale, whereas by the Act 
of Queen Anne the Nine Copies were to 
be upon the best Paper, 

** One more boon, indeed, they were 
disposed in their generosity to assent to: 
but let it be observed, that it was what 
they had no concern, interest, nor pre- 
tence of title to withhold — it being: a 
matter not between the Copyririit 
owners and them, but between the Co- 
pyright owners and the publick. This 
was extending the right of Copy for the 
second fourteen years, which the Act of 
Queen Anne made contingent on the 
event of the Author^s surviving the fhrst 
fourteen years, absolute ; and should the 
Author outlive the twenty-eight years» 
extending it to the end of his life» 

« But he must be a shallow reasoner 
who can set up this laist boon as any 
ground for encreasing or rivetting tfaie 
claims of the Universities. If Authors 
have (as will scarcely be disputed) a 
right and a property in the fruits of their 
own intellects, the Universities can have 
no claim to put a tax for their own emo- 
lument on the legal protection of that 
property. If giving to Authors the sole 
enjoyment of their own labours be an 
impolitic monopoly, which infringes on 
public rights, the payment to the Uni- 
versities of a heavy impost for that mo* 
nopoly, 18 no justification to the publick 
for an infringement of their interests." 

After some remarks on the pecoliar 
hardship of the case, our Author lays, 

** It is clear, then, that from the form 
in which the Act of 54 Geo. HI. to amend 
the Act of Queen Anne, was finally 
passed, and from the manner in which 
its provisions have since been inforced, 
instead of affording relief to Authors 
and Publishers, it has aggravated their 
grievances on the very points on which 
they sought a remedy. — ^But it has done 
more : ithas added k new burden on arti- 
cles which were quite free before, and 

I —^m—^.^ 

I 

• " It was, I believe, doubtful whether 
the claimants were entitled under the 
Act of Q, Anne to the Prints and Maps 
accompanying Books, there being up 
words in that Act to such.'Cffsot; The 
New Act added the words, *t0i<i Ml 
Mop9 and Ptwts kekhging tkarM.*' 

where 



181J.] 



Jtmiem ^ Ifew I!tilwaimt. 



15$ 



• 

wlieft they did not even drtMB of it, tin 
■MmtiM after the Act had passed. 
. . «« 'Hie -Act of Queen Anne otiig em* 
fafmped a *elaiin to such Works as were 
first printed and published, or reprinted^ 
with additions, subsequent tothatAct* 
Tiie amended Act was clearly intended 
to be confined in the sarad way to Works 
priated or published subsequent to its 
date. In the first enacting^ clause it so 
stood, as the Bill was originally printed $ 
and so continued after its coramitmeiit^ 
and again after its first re^ommitmevt. 
But it appears on a minute examination 
tliaty oo a subsequent re»commitment> 
which took place bi*tween 10 and 13 at 
night, on IS July 1814, the words.which 
up to that period had stood ' which from 
Mkd after the passing this Ad shall be 
JPtMSTprtnied and fubUshedy were al- 
tored to * shall he printed and pu^ 
UOnBd^* the important word FIRST being 
then struck out. The alleged ground 
of this omission, as far as anv memory 
of it can be gathered, was its being sur- 
plusage, inasmuch as it was urged that 
the next clause, which regarded second 
and other subsequent editions, provided 
■gainst a claim for any edition but the 
^first. This, foolishly enough, lulled 
those who were watching the interests 
of the Petitioners asleep; for, lol the 
last clause only provides against the 
^imsof sfecopd and subsequent editions 
of Works to be published after the pass- 
ing of the Act. — There is little doubt 
tbat^ the Universities bad this extension 
of claim in their view ; for not many 
months had passed before tbey astonish- 
ed the booksellers, by laying claim to 
Eleven Copies of the Reprints of certain 
large and expensive publications of books 
of antient English Literature then in 
course of publication.— The booksellers 
took a legal opinion ; but the Act as 
worded could not be resisted ; and they 
were obliged again to submit. 

- « Now this is a case in which, I trust, 
the Legislature will not hesitate to give 
relief. To continue to extend the 
claims to Reprints of Works of this class, 
must be a most wanton cupidity ; and 
must entirely extinguish such useful un- 
dertakings in future. 

" All, therefore, that I would pro- 
pose at present, to correct the imper- 
feetions and most striking hardships of 
the last Act, and to obviate the new 
grievance with regard to Reprints of old 
books, is to enact a clause, such as it 
stood in the present Act in its early 
stages, that no copies should be de- 
mandable where the whole impression 
did not exceed copies ; or at least to 
reqaiK in such cases a payment of a 
third or half the price, and to restore 
tho word FiEOT as it originally stood be- 
fore the words < printed and poblished,' 



in the principal danae,. which unmadl- 
ately folkms the preamble.' 

** At the same tiaM .there shonM be 
a neOessary specific demand from evkiy 
Public Body for every book whidb. tbcf 
require, wmibMiimi and not » mogit 
sweepingorder for everything pobllahed*? 

Although uniucceifful in tfaispro^ 
position, we trust the learned BtlV^ 
■et will renew his appticatioo in tike 
next Sestton of ParliCment i and thai, 
from the reasoning employed in thb 
Pamphlet, the meaiare will appear 
Just and equitable. 

Sir Bgerton has subjoined an Ap- 
pendix of documents of Terr great 
importance, vi%» a list of hookk 
amounting in price to SOt. and up- 
wards (exclusive of NotcIs), of which 
eleven copies hare been claimed ana 
received by the public libraries; ex- 
tracted from the list of publication 
entered at Stationers* Hall, from the 
18th of June 1815, to the Slst of 
March 1817. A list of 83 bookt, 
mqst of them reprints, published bj 
Messrs. Loneman, since the Act m 
1814, with the loss upon them by that 
Act, which amounts to 61. per cent,'^ 
A curious article on the extension of 
the term of Copyright— Correspond- 
ence between Messrs. Lackington atfd 
Sir £. Brydges, and between the for- 
mer and the Librarian of the British 
Museum; with other documents, 
clearly proving the discouragement 
given to the spirit of enterprize in 
matters of Literature. Among these 
the case of '* Dugdale*s Monasticon** 
roust appear to every unprejudiced 
person as peculiarly oppressive, and, 
we may add, absurd. It is impossi- 
ble it could have ever entered into 
the contemplation of the Legislature 
to demand copies of a work alreadjf 
sold, and to compel the proprietors 
to re-purchase them, in order to give 
them to the public libraries. No per- 
son of common sense will call this a 
measure for the encouragement of 
learning; for how is learning to be 
encouraged if they who embark their 
canitai for the extension of it are thus 
liaole to be called upon ? 
« The Appendix concludes with the 
letter from Mr. Fisher, which ap- 
peared first in our Magazine for June 
fasti and exhibits a very striking in- 
stance of the discouragement under 
which Literature labours, and es(»e- 
cially that very important j^art of it, 
the illustration of the Antiquities of 

our 0T?ii country. 

LITERARY 



156 



LITERARY INTELLIGENCE, 



[Aug. 



Nearly ready for Puhlicatwn. 

The Christian Faith, stated and ex- 
plained, in a series of Lectures on the 
leading Doctrines of the Gospel. By 
the Rev. H. C. 0*Donnoohue. 

An Universal History, translated from 
tbe German of Jobn Muller, 3 vols.— 
This Work is not a mere Cumpendium 
of Universal History, but contains a 
Philosophical Inquiry into the Moral, 
and more especially tbe Political, causes 
which have given rise to tbe most im- 
portant Revolutions in the History of 
the Human Race. 

A History of St. Domingo, from the 
earliest period to the present time, from 
the best Authorities. 

Observations on the Natural History 
of the Swallow Tribe ; with collateral 
Statement of Facts relative to their 
Migration, and to their Brumal Tor- 
pidity, illustrated by Figures of five Spe- 
cies. By Mr. Thomas FoRSTER.«-With 
a General Catalogue of British Birds, 
and the Provincial Names for each, &c. 
By Mr. Edward Forstcr, Jun. 

Mr. MoiR announces a Selection, un- 
der the title of *< Curious and Interest- 
ing Subjects of History, Antiquity, and 
Science ; containing the earliest infor- 
mation of the most remarkable Cities 
of Ancient and Modern Times, their 
Customs, Architecture," &c. 

An Essay on Public Credit, by David 
Hume ; first printed in 1752. With a 
Letter to the People of Great Britain 
and Ireland, on the prophetic character 
of its principles, and shewing from in- 
disputable facts that a National Bank- 
ruptcy must ultimately be produced by 
a perseverance in the Pitt and Paper 
system. By Imlac. The Appendix will 
contain an Analysis of Mr. Bentham's 
work on Reform, and a Review of other 
Publications on tbe same subject. 

Zapolya, a Dramatic Poem ; by Mr. 
Coleridge. 

Helen Monteagle, a Novel ; by Miss 
Lefanu. 

Mr. H. Davy of Beccles, is about to 
publish Ten Etchings, by himself, of the 
Churches of Beccles and Bungay, and of 
Bungay and Mettingham Castles, with 
descriptive Letter-press. 

Chromatics ; or, an Essay on the Ana- 
logy and Harmony of Colours : contain- 
ing Elementary Instruction for producing 
Colours by Composition in all tbe variety 
of Hues and Shades ; with a new Theory 
of their Relations, Arrangement, and 
Harmony. 

Preparing for Publication : 

The Elements of the Practice of Agri- 
culture, containing Experiments and Ob- 
servations during fifty years. By Mr* 
Arthur Young. 



Memoirs of the Court of Queen Elir 
zabeth } comprising a minute view of 
her Domestic Life, and Notes of the 
Manners, Amusements, Arts, and Lite- 
rature of her Reign. By Miss Lucy Aikin. 
The present Work is composed upon 
the plan of uniting with t];ie personal 
History of a celebrated female sovereign, 
and a connected narration of the do- 
mestic events of her reign, a large por- 
tion of biographical anecdote, private 
inemoir, and traits illustrative of an 
interesting period of English History. 
Original letters, speeches, and occasional 
poems, are largely interspersed. 

Memoirs, with a Selection from the 
Correspondence and other unpublished 
Writings, of the late Mrs. Elizabeth 
Hamilton, Author ** of Letters on Edu* 
cation," &c. 

The Poetical Remains and Memoirs 
of the late John Leyden, M. D. 

Tbe Remains of James Dusautoy, 
late of Emanuel College, Cambridge. 

<' The Knight of St. John," a Romance^ 
in 3 vols. By Miss A. M. Porter, \ar 
thor of *« The Recluse of Norway," &c. 

A Third Volume of the History of 
Brazil. By Mr. R. Southey. 

Tbe Third Volume of The Personal 
Narrative of M. De Humboldt's Tra- 
vels to tbe Equinuctial Regions of the 
New Continent; during the Years 179d- 
1804. Translated by Helen Maria Wil- 
liams, under the Author's inspection. 

Mr. BiGLAND is preparing for publi- 
cation *' Letters on Universal History." 

Doctor Roche is now preparing, and 
will speedily publish, the following 
Works: — I. The Sceptic: consisting 
of Essays on Morals, Manners, Philo- 
sophy and Politics, Theology, Litera- 
ture, and the Arts ; 3 vols. 12mo.— 3. An 
Inquiry concerning the Proper Objects 
of Philosophy, and the best mode of con^ 
ducting Philosophical Researches ; con- 
taining a full exposition of the Induc- 
tive Logic and Philosophy of Lord Ba- 
con; 8vo. — 3. Philosophical Researches 
concerning the Mental Faculties and In- 
stincts of the lower Animals, as com- 
pared with those of Man, with a view to 
ascertain how far they agree, and in what 
they differ; 8vo.— 4. He is also prepar- 
ing '* Memoirs of the Pubtc and Private 
' Life of the Right Hon. George Ponsonby; 
with selections from his corre^pondenoe^ 
and a complete collection of his Judicial 
and Parliamentary Speeches ;" in S vols. 

Clavis Metrico - ^r^/tano.-— Dr. Ca- 
rey, the Prosodian, (though not him- 
self concerned in the edition of the 
Dauphin Virgil now in the press) has 
offered to enrich it with a Key, parti- 
cularly noticing and scanning every lloe 
which presents any metric^ difftculty 

from 



1817.] lir. Dibdin** ^ BihUsgraifUcci Decameron:* 1 57 



from foc^ fieoDoey of whattver kind, 
aad msfMBing t|M tiatore of such li- 
ctaet Ui each indlridaal cate.^-Shoukl 
tile f rf ^i r l e to n i decline hit oflSer, he hai 
thoojghtiB of giTinif this Key as an Ap- 
peiMiix, dther to his ** Scmmmf E^ 
wdiaei^ already published^ or to his 
<* IjO^ Ven^^UaHon made eflUQf/' now 
hi fsrwardnesB for pnUlcatioii. 



Frmptehu ef the Rm. Air, DiBimi's 
** BSbUegraphieal Deeamerm.** 
ihlrwiMd(^Mh— Brings the parties to- 
fedMT, at Lorenco's mansiony after 
thiir separation as described in tlie Bib" 
Sema mia . Marriage of LisardO with Al- 
■ansa, and of Lysander with Belinda. 
The entire Tbn Days are consumed on 
a ristt at Lorenso^t. 

Jlrsf iky^— Account of MSS. in ca- 
]HtU letters : iUaminated and not illn- 
ainated. Of illuminated MSS. the 
foUowhiify among sereral of the more 
eekbrated MSS. in foreign collectionsy 
art noticed : Cuthbert's Latin and Saxon 
Gospeh^Life of Sti Aldhelm— Athel- 
8tan*8 Book of the Gospels^-Terence in 
the Bodleian library. Latin Psalter in 
the Stowe library : Hyde Abbey Book^ 
in the same library. Ethelwold's Latin 
Prayer Bcwk, of the xth century, in the 
Duke of Devonshire's library. Caed« 
mon's Version of Genesis, with fac- 
similes. The ^ Day* then proceeds with 
a "^ew of the prog^ss of the arts of 
design and composition in miscellane- 
ous illuminated MSS. from the xth to 
the xvith centufy inclusively; preceded 
by some account of the antiquity of /mr- 
ple MSS. The decorations which fol- 
low Illustrate the account of these MSS. 
This < Day* is embellished with Seventy- 
Six Engravings, of which tMrti/ are 
upon copper: including the head and 
tail pieces, and initial capitals. 

Second Day. — Commences with some 
account of ancient Rituals and Brevi- 
aries, including those of the Greek, Ro- 
mish, Ambrosian, Mosarabic, Gallican, 
Vallombrosal, Salisbury, Hereford, and 
York Liturgies. Of printed Missals 
and Breviaries, with wood'cuts: fac- 
similes of the Dance of Death ; of sun- 
dry subjects from Missals executed 
abroad and in England-Shewing the 
rise and progress of Art in this depart** 
ment of Engraving. In the whole, up- 
wards of eighty wood-cuts. 

Third Day, — Continuation of the 
History of early Engraving as seen in 
printed Books. Of Block Books— Or- 
naments in early works of Chiromancy 
and Physiognomy : with numerous fac- 
similes. 0( the style of engraving in 
early Bibles i with numerous fac-similes 
from the works of Hans Sebald JSekam, 



from the artist who engraved from Ham ^ 
Holbein's designs, and from the Petit 
Bernard, or Bernard Salomon, Of wood- 
cut decorations in Classical Works ; with 
fsc-siiailes : of the Triumpht of the Em^ 
ferer MaximUiant with fau-Ki miles: ol 
German Versions of the Classics, with 
fac-similes of the nngravinjis. Of tha . 
style of Art in printed Romances, with 
fae-similes. Of books of Drollery ; and 
of the style of Art observable in publi- 
cations from the Basil press about the . 
ibiddle of the xvith century. Of Books 
of Manners, and Customs, and Sports^ 
of Botanical Publications : with wood- 
cut fac-similes from each subject. Of 
Books of Emblems, with numerous fac- 
similes : of Books of engraved Portraits, 
with fac-similes : of the style of Art in 
Italian Publications, with fac-similes* 
The 'Third Day' contains one hun- 
dred AND TWENTY-SIX WOOD-CUTS. 

Fburth Day,~^U exclusively devoted 
to a succinct, and it is hoped interesting, 
outline of the Origin and Early Pro- 
gross of Printing upon the Continent: 
in which the labours of Mr.Ottleyand 
Mr. Singer are noticed, and criticisms 
are passed upon the comparative me- 
rits of the earlier Printers. This * Day* 
contains but one embellishment ; which 
is executed by Branston, upon wood, 
from a drawing of the late W. Alexan- 
der, representing * monks chaunting, 
from the first printed Psalter by Fust 
and Schoiffher.' End of Volume I« 

lyth Day. — Progress Of Printing in 
Germany and Italy continued: with fac- 
similes of devices of the mure eminent 
Printers. Rise and Progress of Printing 
in France ; at Paris, at Rouen, at Ly- 
ons, at Antwerp, and other places in the 
Low Countries : with fac-similes of de- 
vices of the more eminent Printers. lii 
the whole, seventy-nine fac-similes : 
strictly such — ^that is to say, of the same 
size as the originals : with precisely the 
same character of art observable in them. 
Sixth Day. — Former subject conti- 
nued, with an account of early print- 
ing at Lovain. Progress of Printing at 
Venice ; the Aldine Press : the Presses 
of the Giunti, Sessae, Gioliti, &c. of Fro- 
ben, and Oporinus, at Basle. Two Por- 
traits of Plantin, upon copper, and a 
copper-plate view of a part of his print- 
ing-office. A Copper-Plate Portrait 
of Froben, from a painting in the pos- 
session of Earl Spencer, and a copper- 
plate of the HEAD OF £rasmus, as it was 
suspended, carved in wood, in the print- 
ing-office of Froben *. The Aldine Fa- 
mily : with the portraits in wood of the 

* The original is now in the posses- 
sion of Mr. T. Payne. 

elder 



.% 



158 Mr. Dibdiu's *' Bibliographical Decamerm.^^ [Aug. 

elder Aldus, Paul Manutius, and the bindings of De Thoui bis autofraf^^ 

grandson. An account of the Editors and brief lilstory of the cbvicter and 

and Correctors of the Giunti Press, and dispersion of his Library. Of the Li- 

an alphabetical and descriptive list, in brary of Diana de PoicnBRS» «ith a 

33 pages, of the earlier and better £di- copper-plate of a medal stnick in ho- 

tions of Classical ttnd Philological Works nour of her, and two fac-similes of tbe 

executed in the s;ime office. This Day style of her binding. Of French Binden: 

comprises one hundred Embellish- Du Seuil, Padaloup, De Rome, and Bo- 

MENTS. zerian. Of English Binders: of Roftr 

Seventh Z>ffy.— Decorative Printing. Payne, and a copper-jjate of him at 

Imaginary and Authentic Portraits of . work in his shop. Specimens of his 

Printers. Title Pages, simple and or- charges : his character as a Binder. Of 

namental. Printed Capital Initials. Mrs. Wier, and copper-plate of her pof^ 

WoodrCut Portraits of Eminent Cha- trait Of Mackinly, Staggemler, Wal- 

racters. Comparison between the An- ther, and the late C. Uering. 'Rise and 

cient and Modern Art of Printing. Of progress of Charles Lewis, and chane- 

Paper and Vellum. Modem English ter of his Binding. Of Whtttaker as a 

Printers of Eminence. Early Hebrew Binder. Directions in the cfafldee of 

Printing. Ornamental printed capital Binding. End op Volume II. 

initials, from the presses of Calliergus> Ninth Day* — Characters of deceased 

Frotien, the Stephens, &c. Of printed and living attenders of fiook-Anctions, 

Romances. Of Stereotype printing. Of as a Supplement to the same suk^eet in 

printing upon vellum. List of Lord the JBibHomania. Additional Cbarmc- 

spencer's Vellum Aldoses (see also Sup- ters. Of Book-Sales by Auction sinee 



piemeut), of his remaining Books upon the publication of the BibUonumim » of 

vellum at Altborp and in London : list the sales of the Libraries of the t)uke 

of the Duke of Devonshire's Vellum of Roxburghe (accompanied by aa eiH 

Books : of the Vellum Books in the graved portrait of Mr. G. Micol, and 

Cracherode Collection : in the Royal another of Mr. Evans— 4uid followed, by 

Library of France, in the department some account of the establishment and 

of Belles-Lettres only. Of the Vellum proceedings of the RoxBUR«HX Cli»— 

printing of Didot and Bodoni. Of Wil- with a list of the Books printed for the 

liam Caslon, the type-founder; with use of the Members), Colonel Stanley, 

a small copper-plate of him. Of the Stanesby Alchorne, Home Tooke, Rev. 

Shakspeabe Press : list of the rarer L. Duiens, Ralph Willett, John Towne- 

and more magnificent books printed ip ley (both parts), James Edwards, Duke 

that Office, with a copper-plate portrait of Devonshire's Duplicates, Duke of 

of Mr. Bulmer. Similar list of the pub- Grafton, Monsieur Talleyrand, Marshal 

lications of Mr. Bensley, with a copper- Junot, John Lloyd, William Roacoe^ 

plate portrait of that printer also. Of Count Borromeo, Leon d'Ourehes, Lar- 

the printing of Messrs. Nichols (with cher, and Count Mao-Carthy. 
a small coppei^plate portrait of him). Tenth Day, — Brief view of the Bihlio- 

Straban, Collingwood, Taylor, Davison, graphical Literature in Italy, Franee^ 

Moyes, and Macreery. Of Baxter's and Germany: containing portraits of 

Pocket Polyglott Bible, Mr. Abraham Magliabechi, Apustolo Zeno, Bandini, 

John Valpy's new edition of Stephens's and Morelli. Lost of Books upon Vel- 

Greek Thesaurus. Of Mr. Wbittaker, lum in the Collections of the Marquis 

with a fac-siroile of his Printing in Trivulzio, Count Melxi, and Signer Rei- 

Gold, executed by himself. In the na. Of modem living French fibliogra- 

whole, FORTY-SIX Embellishments in pbers. Further account (as a Supple- 

the present Day. ment to the Bibliomama) of Libraries 

Eighth Day, — Of Book-Binding, an- and Book Collectors in England. Lady 

cient and modern. Of the ancient Jane Grey ; with a beautiful engraving 

Diptychs. Of crucifixes within the in- from the original portrait of her at Al- 

teriors of ancient bindings. Of bind- thorp, presumed to be the only legiti- 

ing- in wood, ivory, and lead. Of the mate portrait extant. Mary, Queen of 

Library of Mathias Corvinus, King of Scotland. Libraries at Oxford at the 

Huugary, with a copper-plate fac-simile beginning of the xvith centuiy: in Lon- 

of one of the illuminated title-pages of don during the xvith and -xviith cen- 

his books. Wood-cut and copper-plate turies. Bishop Cosin. Dean Honey- 

fac- similes of the exterior ornaments wood; with portrait of the latter from 

upon old bindings. Of the Libraiy of the original by Cornelius Jansen. Rich- 

Grolier, with a fac-simile of the oma- ard Smith. Sir Samuel P^pys. Hud- 

ments of his binding and his autograph, son. Crab, Heame, and Skitty. John 

Fac-simile of the ornamental biu(&ng of Bagford and John Murray : with a por- 

Maioli : of the ornaments upon the trait of each. Thomas Brittop ; witji 

apor- 



1817.] LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. 159* 

« portrttH, Mm the ori^iial in tb« Briv> The tale of ikt Library of the late 
tidi MoiawBi. Saris of Pembroke and Count M'Carthy, which began at Paris 
of SMMMindy with a portrait of each ; on the 88th Janoary, cIoscmI on the 6th 
4hf lajM'f tnatk the original at Althorp. May. This Library had long be^ ^ 
ttMMl and Meermani with a poitrait tinguished as one of the richest private 
•f «mA» JIVwi Osborne. James Joye. collections in Barope> and stood un- 
Or the WfCsx Library. Dr. Williaa rivalled for the number of articles it 
Hmter (#idb m descriptive account of contained printed on velhtm, induiJBng 
a finr of tbe.iM«r books in the Museum some of the rarest early specimens of 
St Caueow). Tojpliam Beauclerk. WU- printing. The funds of the Royal li- ^ 
Ifsn Remrty with aone original infos- brary «t Paris being inadequate for the 
■ation. Clayton Mofdmnt Cracherode, purpose, Louis XVIII. advanced from 
Ivlth his portrait firom theoriginal finish- nis privaite pnrte a liberal sum, to pur- 
sd drawing in Earl SpenoM^S coUectioo, chase some of the most desirable arti- 
Fim» fiiuop of Dromore i %Uh a small cles : among them were the Psalter of 
wMt length portrait of him, from the 1457» the first book printed with a date, 
«rf|iiui drawing in the possession of his which sold for 12,000 francs ; the first 
dwi^iter, the Hon. Mrs. M^dt* paai* editions of the Chronicles of Froissart 
tier. Bishop of Ely ; with a portrait and Monstrellet, printed on vellum, by 
mm mn origioal drawing by Masquerier. Verard, 6,050 francs ; Vergilius, Venetiis, 
Mielteel Wodhull ; with a portrait, per Bartholemeum Cremonensem, 1472, 
Thsmpi Johnes-;. with a portrait of him printed on vellum, but wanting two 
fepoa-a'dsawing by Stothard; Dr. Ban- leaves, one of the rarest editions of the 
prft Baath ; with a portrait from an Poet, 2,440 francs ; Le Romant de Mil- 
int^baal painting by Pine«--4K the Ca« les et Amys, Paris, Verard, printed on 
thadnl libraries of Lineoln, York, and vellum, one of the most beautifhl books 
Dnriiam. Of the Caxtons in the Pub- in the Library, and a Romance of the 
Is Library a* Cambridge. Of Private ' greatest rarity, 2,800 francs ; &c. The 
Collcetions i Akhorp, Sledmere, Went- Royal Libiary of Paris (the finest pub- 
worthy Uolkbam, and Stowe. Of thli lie library in the world) will eventually 
libnuriea of the more distmguished col- have 300 volumes printed upon vellum 
lactom at Lmidon. Of Booksellers: with from this collection. About half the 
a portrait of Samuel Baker, the Father Libraiy is destined for this Country, and 
of the present school of Book-Auction- certainly not the worst half : most of 
eers ; another of the late Thomas Payne, our principal Bibliomaniacs have added 
and a third of Mr. William Miller (from some treasures to their former stores ; 
a painting by Philips), retired. Of Pri- and the article of the highest price, the 
vate Presses: with a portrait of Thomas book of the most intrinsic value, the 
Barrett, Esq. (Founder of the Lee-Priory Complutefuian Polygloit, printed upon 
library) from an original enamel by vellum, we are proud to say, was pur- 
Zincke, in the possession of Sir S. Eger- chased for an English private gentle- 
ton Brydges, Bart. View of Lee-Priory, man, for the sum of 16,100 francs. Such 
with an account of the Books printed a book is enough to make a Library, 
there. View of the Auchioleck Press, the otherwise indifferent, of consequence ; 
property of Alexander Boswell, Esq. but, when added to one already ex- 
M.P. All the Portraits in this * Day,' tremely rich, will make the Hibbert Coi- 
TWBNTY IN NUMBER, are upou copper, lection rank throughout Europe in the 
and (with the exception of three) are first class of private Libraries. The 
executed in the line manner. total produce of the sale was 404,000 

The work, executed in the finest style francs (16,000 guineas), a sum much 

of printing, in three royal octavo vo- less than had been offered for the Col- 

lumesy will be found to contain, in the lection three years since by an English 

whole, not fewer than four hundred Nobleman. 

AND SIXTY EMBELLISHMENTS : of which The Archdukc Charles has published 

upwards of eighty are upon copper ; ex- " The Principles of the Art of War, elu- 

clusively of the head and tail pieces, and cidated by the Campaign of 1796." 3 

initiatory capital letters, to each Day. vols. 8vo. 

The text and notes are printed in a The Literature of Sweden has recently 

small but distinct type : and such has been enriched by tolerable translations 

been the prevalence of the tatter, that of the Biady ^neid, and Paradise Lost, 
the matter contained in these volumes . A Periodical Work has been com- 

would, if arranged in the usual mode roenced at Philadelphia, entitled. •/<m^ 

of publication, occupy not fewer than nai of ihe j^cademy qf Natural Science t 

fifteen oelUmotoimes. it contains a description of six new 

[/br the Price and Period of Publico- species of jFirofa, a new American sfaeq>y' 
tioMt see ike Csver eftku Magazine^ and seven new American water shells. 

SELECT 



t 160 ] 
SELECT POETRY. 



SONNET; TO PHGEBUS: 
By Edward Lord Thurlow. 
"pHCEBUS, whose lieges the greatPoetsare, 
Whose fire doth ripen their creative 
heads, [treads 

And giveth light, and love to all, that 
The earth, or dleaves the w«¥e, or 
wings the air ; 
Whose lovely torch, divine, and rcgnUr^ 
Sweet flowers, rich fruits doth waken in 
their beds, [splendent shads 

And groves, and woods; and day re- 
O'er heaven, and earth, with glory cir- 
cular; 
The rosy-bosomM Hours now chant along 
Thy goldeu charet nearer to the earth: 
Thoa marchest, like a bridegroom, fairy 
and strong; 
Thou causest, that of light we have no 
dearth: [long; 

O Phcebus, bless us ripe, and bless ut 
That hadst, in Jove's own lap, thy per- 
fect birth ! 

The D'utkh of an Italian Poet ; in honour 
qf Lord I£xMOUTH*s Vtciory at Algiers. 

P^XMOUTH en venit, vicit; sed, CsBsare 
major : 
Nam non imposuit, sustolit iile jugum. 

The Translation^ by Lord Thurlow. 
/ coiRtf, / conquered : may brave Evmouth 

say ; [away : 

And, more than Caesar, bear the palm 
He but impos'd the yoke ; but Exmouth^s 

sword [Lord I 

Broke it in twain : Give praise unto the 

Upon a Fly that Jlevo into a Lady^s Eye, 
and there lay buried in a Tear, 
[From an old Author — Stu. who f'\ 
~OR envious soul ! what couldst thoa 



see 



po 

In that bright orb of purity ? 
*That active globe ? that twinkling sphere 
Of beauty, to be meddling there ? 
Or didst thou foolishly mistake 
The glowing mom in that day-break } 
Or was 't thy pride to mount so high 
Only to kiss the Sun, and die ? 
Or didst thou think to rival all 
Don Phaeton and his great fall } 
And in a richer sea of brine 
Drown Icarus again in thine ? 
'Twas bravely aim*d, and, which is more» 
Th* hast sunk the fable o*er and o*er. 
For in this single death of thee 
Th* hast bankrupt all Antiquity. 

O had t6e fair iEgyptian Queen 
Thy glorious monument outseen. 
How had she spared what Time forbids. 
The needless tottering Pyramids I 
And in an emulative chafe 
Have begg'd thy shrine her epitaph ? 
Where, when her aged marble must 
Resign her honour to the dnst, 
Thou might'it have caooniEed her^ 
Deceased Time's Executor ? 

4 



To rip up all the Western bed 
Of spices where Sol lays his head. 
To squeeze the Phosnix and her nott 
In one perfume that may write best. 
Then blend the gallery of the skies 
With her seraglio of eyes, 
T' embalm a name, and raise a tomb 
The miracle of all to come, 
Then, tbeh compare it : Here 's a gent 
A pearl must shame and pity them. 
An amber drop, di'stillod by 
no sparkling limbeck of an eye, 
Shall dazzle all the short essays 
Of rubbish worth and shallow praiie. 

We stivre not then to prize that tear. 
Since we have nought to poise it here. 
The world >s too light Hence^ hence, 

cry, 
The world, the world 's not worth a fly. 

A Parody by Dr» Jamis Diau, 

(Wten an Undergraduate <tf St. Jokn^s CoU 

lege, Cambridge) on those fiamm Venes 

qfHir, Datsin's under Milton's J^fetere. 

^pHREB Richards liv'd in Bruniwiek's 

glorious reign. 
In Westminster the first •, the next in 

Warwick-lane f ; 
In Dumbleton the third t; each doogbty 

Knight, 
In spite of Nature, was resolv'd to write. 
The first in penury <of thought surpaas'd; 
The next in rumbling cant ; in both, the 

last : 
The force of Dulness could qo farther go, 
To make the third, she join'd the former 

two. 



On the Return qf a Highland RegimerU 

from India. 
"RELCOM E r from foreign plain, 

Far o'er the tide ; 
Welcome to home again, 
LaurePd in pride ; 
Many a waning year, . 
Darkest of peril near, 
Wander'd thy banners dear. 
Honour their guide. 
Strangers, and stranger climei 

No more invest ; 
Memories of other times 
Sink into rest ; 

Here though no vertic gleam 
Flashes in fiery streanu. 
Sweeter and softer beams 
Solace the breast. 
Here swells no trumpet note. 

Warring on life; 
Here rings no hostile shot,. 
Bared is no knife. 
'Scaped from a deadly blast. 
Hardship and peHI past, 
W;elcome! to home M last! 
Welcome fnH» strife ! 

* Sir Richard Steele. " 

t Sir R. Blackmott. J Sir R. Cox. 

HIS- 



[ 161 ] 



HISTORICAL CHRONICLE. 



PaOcxbdings in thb Fifth Session op the Fifth Parliament of the Umxt£B 
Kingdom op Great Britain and Ireland; C9niimted/romp,1Sl» 

mission of strangers, a division took place 
on the motion of Mr. W. Dundas, for 
discharging the oicder of the day, whic)i 



House of Commons, June 16. 
The Usury Laws Bill having been re- 
ported, Mr. Vansittart said, he should op- 
pose it in a subsequent stage, being of 
opinion, that we were not yet "arrived at a 
state for passing such a measure. 

Sir F, Rurdett complained thkt Oliver, 
a Government spy, had gone down to the 
North, and endeavoured to excite persons 
to riot and sedition. ' He also stated, that 
an infamous Irish spy> named Reynolds, 
Was flourishing under the auspices of GjO- 
▼ernment, and had sat on d late Grand 
Jury. 

Mr. ^ fFynne interrupted the HonI 
Baronet, by moving for the exclusion of 
strangers, upon which Mr. Brougham 
moved an adjournment. The latter ques- 
tion was, during our absence, put three 
times, and was negatived on the first di* 
vision by 16^ to 29, on the second by 
157 to 26, and on the third by 130 to 26. 
On our re-admission the House was in 
a Committee ofSopply. 

Mr. Bennet asked Ministers whether 
Mr. Reynolds, of infamous memory, had 
not been appointed Consul General at 
Malta. 

Lord Castlereagk said several juries had 
given credit to Mr. Reynolds*s testimony, 
and he did not understand why the Hon. 
Member should attach infamy to Mr. 
Reynolds's character, unless it rendered 
a man infamous to be instrumental in 
the discovery of treasonable practices. 
Mr. Reynolds had been employed in 
bis Majesty's service in Portugal, and 
also as Postmaster General ; and bad per- 
formed his duties with great integrity and 
credit ; and therefore he (Lord C.) had no 
hesitation in recommending him as Con- 
sul General to Malta. 

Sir F. Burdeit said, he always under- 
stood that Mr. Reynolds was a man of 
notoriously infamous character. It had 
been proved on a trial, in which he gave 
evidence, that he had been guilty of the 
most atrocious crimes. 

Lord CasiUreagh did not think Mr. 
Reynolds's character was tainted with any 
thing more than rebellion, though that 
was a great taint ; but he bad avowed his 
error, had expressed his contrition, and 
had manifested his sincerity in a court of 
justice, by bringing traitors to deserved 
punishment. 

June 17. 

A Call of the House having been or- 
dered for this day, the gallery was not 
opened till five o'clock. Befo/« tfaie ad- 

^IHT. M40. August, 1817. 

9 



was carried in the afllrmative by 126 to 
41. 

Mr. M. A. Taylor adverted to the dis- 
tressed state of the inhabitants of New- 
foiindland, of whom 5000 persons were ia 
k state of starvation, and moved for a 
Comqaiitee on the subject, which was 
Agreed to. 

' In answer to a question from Sir F. 
Burdett, Mr. Long said the report of Mr. 
Reynolds having been appointed Consul 
General at Malta was unfounded. 



t/une 18. 

Lord Folkestone again adverted to tho 
regulations at Reading gaol, by order of 
the Secretary of State, by which, con« 
trary to the 3 1st of the King, the Magis« 
trates were prevented from visiting the 
state prisoners confined there i and con- 
cluded with moving for copies of all in- 
structions from the Secretary of State to 
all gaolers to whose custody persons had 
been committed under the Act for the 
Suspension of the Habeas Corpus Act. 

The Attorney General, Solicitor General, 
and Lord Castlereagk, opplosed the motion, 
and contended that the care of State Pri- 
soners had at all times belonged to the 
Secretary for the Home Department, un- 
der the prerogative of the Crown, with 
which it was not the intention of the Act 
of the 31st of the King 'to interfere. 

Sir S, Romilly, Mr. Brougham, Lord 
A^ Hamilton, and Mr. fVynn, main- 
tained that there was no exception in the 
Act, and consequently that the Secretary 
of State had illegally assumed a dispens- 
ing power. 

On a division, the motion was nega* 
tived by 85 to 5&, 

Mr. Lushington brought up a Bill for 
renewing the former Acts for the preven- 
tion of smuggling ; a Bill for allowing 
British goods to be exported to America 
on the same terms as to other friendly na- 
tions, according to the late convention ; 
and a Bill for securing the post horse 
duties j which were severally read a first 
time. 

House of Lords, June 19. 

On the Order of the day for the third 
reading of the Habeas Corpus Act Sus- 
pension Bill, a long debate took place. 

The Duke of Bedford^ Lord D^noughr 
more, Eail QfJSssejf, Lord St* John, Majr- 



162 Proceedings in the late Session of Parliament. [Aug. 



quis fFellesley^ and Lord Holland opposed 
the measure ; and the Earl of ffesimoreland. 
Viscount Sidmakith, Marquis Camden, Lord 
Somersy Earl of Harrovoby, and the Lord 
Chancellor, supported it. Reynolds, Cas- 
tle and Oliver, the informers, having been 
mentioned in term? of reprobation by the 
opponents of the Bill, ^t was stated, on 
the Ministerial side, that Reynolds had 
saved Ireland by the information which he 
gave previous to the breaking out of the 
rebellion in 1798; that CaHle bad not 
Informed until five weeks after the riots 
of the 2d of December; and that the re- 
ports in the Newspapers respecting Oliver 
contained much exaggeration. 

The third reading was carried, on a 
4ivision^ by 141 to 37, and the Bill passed. 



In the Commons, the same day. Sir E. 
Brydges, after some observations, muved 
for leave to bring in Bill to amend the Act 
of the 45d of the King relative to Copy- 
rights ; and so far as regards the Act 
passed prior to Queen Anne's Act, giving 
1 1 copies of books published to the Uni- 
versities, &c. and also as far as regarded 
limited editions of books. 

Mr. Peel and Lord Palmer sion opposed 
the motion, which went to effect a regu- 
lation recently adopted by the House, as 
one highly advantageous to literature, 
after a very full and ample consideration. 

Sir «S^. Romilly and Sir F, Burdeit sup- 
ported the motion before the House ; they 
considered the Act lately passed as un- 
just and unfair, and as operating not to 
the advantage but to the discouragement 
of learning. It took property from indi- 
viduals to give it to large public bodies, 
who, if they wanted books, could well 
afford to purchase them. . 

Mr. Banks and Mr. Smilk of Cam- 
bridge, also oppo^d the Motion. 

Mr. Pomonhy supported the motion. 
He thought the argument, that obliging 
the poor author to give a certain portion 
of his property to different corporate bo- 
dies, and to receive nothing in return, as 
a way to encourage learning, was the 
most extraordinary argument he had ever 
beard. As to the wiiih of the learned 
Universities, to get their books for no- 
thing, did not surprise him at all. It 
was the character ef all great corporate 
bodies, learned or unlearned, to get all 
they could for nothing, and in return to 
give away as little as possible. He thought 
the Universities should buy their books 
if they wished to have them ; or if they 
were to be given to the Universities, they 
should be given them by the Publick, and 
not at the expence of individuals. 

Mr. Croker was against the motion. He 
considered the Bill which it was now 
tou^i to repeal, ai OD*e greatly Uenefi* 



cial to authors. In return for the portioa 
of property which an author thus parted 
with, they had their copy- rights, &c well 
protected. 

Mr. Ponsonbr and Mr. Croker es« 
plained. 

Mr. Brougham supported , the motioB 
for bringing in the Bill, and Mr. FindUjf 
opposed it. 

Mr. C. ff^ynn was in favour of the pre- 
sent motion. He thought that even those 
persons who were favourable to the Bill 
formerly passed, would agree^that it re- 
quired to be revised. He saw no seasom 
why the author of a book should be sub-' 
jected to a tax of 1 1 copies of his work 
to the Universities, any more than a 
man who planted timber should afterwards 
be subject to a tax of 1 1 trees, firom each 
plantation he might make, to the nnty oi 
the country. — (Hear^ hear!) 

The House then divided, when the nam*- \ 
bers for bringing in the Bill were, 57—- -\^ 
Against it, 58 — Majority, 1 ! C ^^ 

Sir F. Burdett wished to know whether^ 
the spy, Oliver, had been authorized bjr 
Ministers to make the use, which he un- 
derstood he bad made, of his name, having 
introduced himself to several individuals 
with his (Sir F. Burdett*s) Compliments. 
He was proceeding to animadvert upon 
the wickedness of employing men whose 
interest it was to promote treason, whea, 
being called to order by the Sptaker, he 
re-stated his question. 

Lord Castlereagh said, if the Hon. Ba- 
ronet's name had been used in the way 
complained of, he might ascribe it to 
other grounds than the commands of Mi- 
nisters. He was confident Lord Sidmouth 
would never abuse the public confidence 
reposed in him; and as to himself, he - 
should continue to take such measures as 
seemed necessary to ensure the peace 
of the country, though such measures 
might disturb the peace of traitors, or 
even involve the Hon. Baronet's name. 

Mr. Brougham asked if measures had 
been taken to bring Oliver to condign pu- 
nishment, should the atrocities alleged 
against him prove true ? 

Lord Castlereagh assured the House that 
Lord Sidmouth had never anthorized anf 
improper conduct in the person alluded 
to, and if suoh had been the. case, he 
doubted not it would meet with due repre- 
hension. 

A motion by Sir J. Newport, for an Ad- 
dress to the Prince Regent to institute aa 
inquiry into the state of Ireland, was ne- 
gatived by 59 to 10. 

HovsB OP Lords, June 20. 
The Royal Assent was given by Com- 
mission to the Mutiny Bill, Watch and 
Ward Bill, .Agent Generals' Bill, and 
others. 

In 



ISffJ] Proceedings m the late Session of Parliament. 1 6ll 



In the Commons, the same daj, Mr. 
^ShtniJf^artky presented a )]^tition jfrom 
Barber Beaumont, Esq. against the Ale- 
house Licensingj Bill. Ordered to be 
printed. 

The House, in a Committee of Sopply, 
^Fotcd several sams for the Nary and for 
Mitcellaneous'Sienrices in Ireland. 

The Habeas Corpus Suspension Bill was 
feeeived from the EiOrd«, and was ordered 
•o be read a first time on Monday. 

Sir S, Romilly having presented a pe* 
^tion from Hull against the Bill, Lord A, 
HmnaUon took occasion to censure the 
conduct of the Lord Advocate for Scot* 
land, in framing a third indictment against 
Maclcinlay, who had already been twice 
before a court of justice for the same of- 
fience. This observation gave rise to a 
long conversation, in the course of which 
Hr. Broughamt Mr. Abercromby, Mr. Pon- 
toitbyt Mr. Curwen, and others, concurred 
in disapproving of the conduct complaiih' 
ad of, and the Altontey Generalf Mr. 
Ihtndas, Lord Casiiereagh, and Mr. Cba- 
'ning, deprecated the agitation of the 
•question in the absence of the Lord Ad- 
'vocate. ' ^ 

Mr. B. Bathurst presented the Report of 
the Committto of Secrecy, which was read. 
It is to the same effect as that presented 
• in the House of Lords. On the motion 
-for its lying on the table. Lord Milton 
stated that he had been one of the Com- 
mittee. The facts alledged in the Report 
were in the main correct, but they were 
too highly coloured, and he differed from 
the Committee as to the remedy, which, 
instead of a general Suspension of the Ha- 
beas Corpus, ought, in his opinion, to be 
something of a local nature, like the Act^ 
by vrhich Luddism had been put down. 
After a general conversation, in the course 
of which Lord Cochrane was called to or- 
der, for calling the Report a scandalous 
libel on the people of England, the mo- 
tion was agreed to. 

The House having gone into a Com- 
mittee of Ways and Means, the Chancellor 
•J the Exchequer proceeded to take a general 
view of the financial state of the country, 
premising that the Report so recently made 
by the Committee of Finance would su- 
perfede the necessity of his going into a 
minute detail. He then stated the Sup- 
plies under various heads, amounting, in 
the aggregate, to 18,001,300/. exclusive 
of 4, 136,503/. for the discharge of Navy 
and Transport debts, interest on Exche- 
quer Bills, &c. He then recapitulated 
the particulars of the Ways and Means 
already voted, amounting to 9,541,537/. 
and leaving a sum to be provided for of 
12,600,000/. This he proposed to raise 
by issuing 9,000,000/. in Exchequer Bills 
here, and Treasury Bills for 3,600,000/. 
hi Irtland. Iba money might bava 



been raised by loan on advaatageoas 
terms ; but he found an itsae of Excbe^ 
qoer Bills would be still better. Sinof 
he last addressed the House on tbe finan* 
cial state of the country, tbe funds had 
improved 20 per cent. Cash payment! 
were in the eonrse of resumption, withoui 
any stock* and the remaining restric* 
tions on the Bank would be wholly ra» 
moved by the 5(h of July next year. Tha 
result of tbe financial operations of last 
year bad been an actual diminution of 
the public debt to the'amonnt of 3,400.000/. 
In tbe course of this year he looJied witk 
confidence to a ftiither diminution of 
at least 500,000/. He then observed, that 
the difficulties did not arise from any 
domestic circumstances, but from the gene* 
ral state of depression of the continental 
kingdoms, which depression prevented 
the consumption of British articles. Yet, 
notwithstanding ail this, the credit of tha 
country was looking up, and our com*, 
merce improving. Under all these cir* * 
cumstances, he trusted he should hear na 
more of reducing the interest of the Na- 
tional Debt, or of breaking faith with tbe 
public creditor, but that the spirit and 
loyalty of the country would enable them 
to meet much greater difficulties than 
these. He then proposed several Reso- 
lutions, which, after a few observations 
from Mr. Tiemey^ Mr. Pomonbyt and 
others, were agVeed to. 



June 23. 

This eveuing the first reading of the 
Bill for the further Suspension of the Ha- 
beas Corpus Act was agreed to by 276 to 
111. The speakers for it were, Lor<l Castle^ 
reagh, ^r. Legh Keck, Mr. Bankes, mK 
Courtenay, Mr. ^ Elliott Mr. Canning, 
and Mr. ff^ilberforce ; the speakers against 
it were, Mr. Fonsonby, Mr. Abercrombie, 
Mr. Barclay t Lord AlthorpCt Sir <S. Romilly^ 
Lord MtlioHt Sir J. Nexoport, Mr. Brovg^ 
hanit and Lord Folkestone, 

In the course of his speech. Lord Cos- 
tlereagh adverted to the case of Oliver, ob- 
serving that Government did not apply to 
him ; he came to the Secretary of Stale 
(Lord Sidmouth). — He stated that he had 
been applied to by a delegate well known 
to be in the treason, and who had come 
up to London to ascertain the feeling and 
spirit of the people there, and to giva 
them assurances of the spirit of the coun- 
try. Mr. Oliver had stated, that he W4S 
not engaged in it till he saw this delegate 
and another in London, known to be in 
the treason. Tbe delegate requested Mr. 
Oliver to accompany him, and judge for 
himself on the spot. The question thdn 
for Government to consider waa, ' whether 
Mr. Oliver should go down with the dele- 
gate and procure informatioii^ tir not? 

Would 



I6ik Proceedings in the late Session of Parliameni. [Aug. 



Would Goveraaient have discharged its 
duty, if it had not acted as it had done ? 
So far from Gorernment having sent Mr. 
Oliver to work up treason, they had given 
him letters to Magistrates with whom he 
was to communicate whenever any chance 
of danger appeared, that they might take 
proper steps to avert mischief. 

Mr. Ponsonby stated, that he had exa- 
mined Oliver, and from all the informa- 
tion he had gained from him, and from 
other sources, he had not tiie slightest 
douht that he had (without the instruction 
of Government) fomented the spirit of dis- 
content which existed in the midland coun- 
ties. The Right Hon. Gentleman after- 
wards observed, ** That great irritation, 
and in some instances treasonable prac- 
tices, subsists in the manufacturing dis- 
tricts, I have no doubt. But [ ask, is this 
a reason why the whole people of England 
are to be deprived of their rights ? (Hear,) 
The real and only effectual way of stop- 
ping this treason and riot in the manu- 
facturing districts, is to hunt out from the 
•phere of the working classes that system 
called Luddism — to put an end to it spee- 
dily by a steady, prompt, and uncompro- 
mised prosecution of the principals, by 
whose agency and influence the system is 
tjpheld and diffused. Until this is done 
no good will be effected. (Hear, heaVf 
hear,) It is not by hanging one man for 
robbing a bouse, by hauging another for 
stealing arms, that you will strike at the 
root of this vile, nay, diabolical system. 
(Hear, hear, from the Treasury benches,) I 
admit it is an atrocious system. What 
else can it be called, when it has wrought 
up men^s minds to such a state of malig- 
nity, that these wretches will, for the gain 
of even so paltry a sum as lOf. or 20^. 
shoot you, Sir, or you, or any man whom 
they never saw before. (Hear.) If you 
do not srop this system in the manner I 
have pointed out (and there is no other 
manner), you will have it spreading wider 
and wider, and you will have to tolerate 
the existence in your country of the great- 
est stain that ever disgraced it, namely, 
a knot of Englishmen ready to be hired out 
as the assassins of their fellow-country- 
men for the wages of crime." 

Sir J. Newport expressed his intention, 
if the House should suffer the Bill for sus- 
pending the Habeas Corpus Act to pass, 
of proposing a clause to limit its duration 
to the Ist of December. 

Sir Charles Mordaunt presented a 
Petition from the county of Warwick, 
against the proposed Suspension of the 
Habeas Corpus Act. lie was sorry that 
he could not support the prayer of the 
petitioners. 

Mr.. Dugdale, from what had happened 
in the midland counties, was unable to sop- 
port the prayer of the petition. 



June 34. 

Mr. fFynn obtained leave to bring in ^ 
Bill for shortening and regulating the dn* 
ration of Pulls in Elections. 

Lord Castiereagh moved the order of 
the day for the second reading of the 
Habeas Corpus Suspension Bill, which was 
opposed by Mr. F. Douglas, Mr. QtrtDfn, 
Lord Deerhursi (the latter Gent, having 
voted in its favour before) and The Lord 
Mayor; and supported by Mr. Lockhttrtt 
Sir IV, Curtis^ and Mr. H. jidAngton, 
When the House divided, for the second 
reading 80, against it 30-^majority 50. . 

June 25, 
Sir S, JRomilly made his promiied mo- 
tion for the production of the Case* on 
which the Law Officers of the Crown bad 
given the opinion promulgated by the cele- 
brated circular of Lord Sidmoutk^-thBl 
the Magistrates of Counties are vetted 
with a power of committing or holdiof 
persons to bail for selling or publishing 
Seditious Libels. After a learned dis- 
cussion, in which Ministers were, unex- 
pectedly supported by Mr. C. ff^yntif 
who concurred in the opinion that Magis- 
trates do possess this power of cooDmiital, 
the motion was negatived without a divi- 
sion. Sir Samuel R. then, in reference to 
the Circular of the Secretary of State, 
moved, as a Resolution—that it was pn^ 
judicial to the due administration of joa- 
tice for a Minister of the Crown to intefw 
fere with the conduct of Magistrates, by 
instructing them how they ought to admi* 
Ulster the laws. — But this also was nega- 
tived by a majority of 157 to 49. 

House op Loans, June VI. 
The royal assent was given by com* 
mission to the Yeomanry Cavalry Bill, 
Irish Peace Preservation Bill, Newfound- 
land Marriage Bill, and several others. 

> In the Commons, the same day, Mr. 
Bennet presented a Petition from a per- 
son of the name of Evans, who had been 
imprisoned under the Suspension of the 
Habeas Corpus Act. The petitioner stat- 
ed, that on the 10th of April, be and hit 
son were taken from the prison in which 
they had been at first confined, and bo 
was immured in a condemned cell in 
Horsemonger-lane prison. The room bad 
for its furniture a pail with water in it, 
another for a water* closet, a chair and a 
table. He was put in irons, and deprived 
of a flute, with which, being a musical 
man, he had amused himself. 

Mr. H. Addington said, he would take 
an early opportunity of inquiring into 
the matters stated, and would commiini- 
cate the result to the House. 

The third reading of the Habeas Cor- 
pus Suspension Bill was moved by. L|Mrd 

CastUreagh, 



IBlf^ Proceedmgs m the kiSe Sasim tf Pmiiamaili. 



d 



OuUereagkf and after a long discussioo 
carriad by a Hiajority of 130; (lie Bam* 
tea beiog 193 to 65. With the coii«aiit 
«f Ministers the duration of the Bill was 
limitad to the Ist of March. The motion 
to thia effect wat made by Mr. Slewwi 
0hirtUif, and seconded by Lord OutUm 
TMgkm Mr. H^ynn proposed to limit it 
la tbe S5th of December; but the former 
pivpoaition was carried by a majority of 
]5S to 50. Tbe Bill was then passed. 

HoptB OF Loans, June 30. 

Lovd Grosvenor presented a petition 
fimoi certain working artificers, praying 
hr the diacoaragement of tbe use of ma- 
ckinary in manufactnres. Hia Lordship 
liid he felt it his doty to present the 
paction, though he thought the views of the 
petitioners erroneous. 

JLaid Lauderdale said, that without the 
vtaof machinery one half of those who 
wan now employed would be utterly des- 
titute ; and the petitioners, therefore, were 
Muidly praying for that which, if granted, 
vmld cootribuie to their own destruction* 

The Earl of Liverpool moved that tbe 
Amandoient made by the Commons to thf 
Habeas Corpus Suspension Bill, limiting 
the duration of the Bill to the 1st March 
naxtf be agreed to. 

The Marquis of Lamdoome moved to 
sahatitute the Ist of December. 

Lord Donoughtnore approved of the ' 
latter amendment, and called for some 
azplauati.iu as to the reports of the treat- 
ment of the two Evans's. 

Lord Sidmouth said the reports alluded 
to were gross exaggerations. The pri- 
soners were confined in large and airy 
apartments, and had every indulgence 
that could prudently be allowed. Their 
petition, instead of being detained by 
him, had been taken from the office by 
their solicitor, and had been presented to 
the other House by Mr. Rennet. He had 
aniformiy told prisoners that they had a 
r^ht to petition the Crown and Parlia- 
ment. He had that morning examined 
the gaoler of Horsemong^r-lane prison, 
and if the facts alledged had been found 
correct, that person would not have been 
asfiered to remain an hour longer in his 
•iluation. He bad ordered the irons of 
prisoner** under the Suspension Act to be 
knocked off; and though be had prevented 
the Magistrates in general from indiscri- 
minate access to them, it was not true 
that he had prevented the regular visiting 
magwtraies from seeing them. 

Lord Gronenor censured the emplc^- 
Oieot of spies ; and praised the admini- 
stration of the Duke of Bedford in Ire- 
land, who rejected their services with con- 
ttmpt and indignation. 

Lord Mmktdale said the fault, if there 
wii«ay« of tht administration which pre- 



ceded that <»f the Noble Dake wat, th«t 
it liftenad rather too little than too much 
to the information of splat. If more at- 
tention had baen paid to them» his veaar- 
able friend, Lord Kilwardeo, might hata 
been yet living. He himself, from a Def- 
lect of such information, had been in greiit 
danger of being seized, and detained aa 
a hostage by tlM insurgents. 

The Marqnts of Lofudbtsae't amend- 
ment was then negatived, and tbe amend- 
ment made by the CommoBs afraed to^ 
without a division. 

A long diacossion aroaaon the qneitioai 
for committing tbe varlona Bills for the 
abolition of certam oAoai^ and regalatiBf 
others. 

Lords Xmcdlffrda/e, EnUmtt Biiitdale, 
and Arditn opposed them, as for tbe sake 
of a paltry saving, entrenching on the 
prerogative of the Crown, and innovating 
upon the old astabliahcMEl mode of remu- 
nerating great j>ublie services. 

Lord Grotvenor approved of the differ* 
ent measures as a whole, but objected te 
some of the details. 

Iiords lAverpool, H mnm h f , BaslkMnl, 
and the lard Qumeethr vindicated both 
the prin^ple and the details of the series 
of Bills. 

The motion for committing them was 
carried, on a division, by 87 to 7; and 
they accordingly went through aCommittee. 

The Royal Assent was given, by Com- 
mision, to tbe Bill for further stispendiag 
the Habeas Corpus Act. 

In the Commons, the same day, the 
Report of tbe Usury Bill was, After a ge- 
neral conversatiout ordered to be consi- 
dered this day three months, by which 
it is lost for the present Session. 

A petition was received from Liverpool 
against the Excise License Bill, complain» 
ing that, under pretence of regulations^ 
it would impose additional taxes to the 
amount of 110,000/. Petitions to the 
same effect were received from Bristol and 
Cambridge. In answer to tbe observa- 
tions of tbe supporters of the petition*, 
the Chancellor of the Exchequer explained 
and justified the provisions of the Bill. — 
The House then went into a Committee 
of Supply, in which various sums were 
voted for the Army. 

At the close of a discussion, in which 
Mr. Pofuonby had spoken, finding himself 
unwell, he retired behind the Speaker's 
chair, where he fell down in a fit *. 

The Speaker immediately put the ques- 
tion of adjournment, and quitted the chaiiv 
to pay attention to Mr. Ponsonby, who 
was conducted to the room of the Speaker's 
Secretary, and medical assistance was 
Im mediately sent for. Mr. Lyira and Mr. 

* See the melancholy termination of 



this illness, p. 83. 



White, 



t66 Proceedings in the late Session of Parliament. [Aug; 



White, of Parliament-ttreet, attended, 
Slid Mr. Ponsonby was bled 5 after which 
he recovered considerably, aud was coo- 
▼eyed home in the Speaker's carriage. 
fitveral Members shewed great anxiety 
and attention to the Right Hon. Gentle- 
nan. Lord Grey, and other friends of 
Mr. Ponsonby, were sent for. 

House of Lords, July 1. 
On the motion of the Lord Chancellor, 
the farther consideration of the Savings' 
Sills, relative to this country and Ire- 
land, was postponed for three months, 
with the view of introducing them next 
Session in a more perfect shape. 

In the Commons, the same day, the At- 
torney General obtained leave to bring in 
« Bill for the more effectual suppression 
of the Lnddite system. 

Mr. ^enne/ having inquired whether the 
Under Secretary cvf State was prepared to 

- five any answer as to the petition of Mr. 
Evans, Mr. H- Addingion replied to the 
different allegations in the petition. As 
to the charge of a former petition having 
been detained by the Secretary of SHite, 
it was totally unfounded. Mr. Evans 
sent a petition on the 'ilst of February to 
the Secretary of Stale's office, by the 
hands of Mr. Abbot, for Lord Cochrane ; 
but next morning he sent to request that 
it shoikid be given to Mr. Harmer, his So- 
lieitor. Mr. Harmer got it accordingly, 
and since then no word was heard of it in 
the office : but on looking over the papers 
in the Vote-office, he found that it had 
been presented to that Housse on the 27ih 
•f February, and by the Hott. Gentleman 
opposite (Mr. Bennet.) Mr. Abbot, the 
gaoler, assured him, that he had never 
vefused Evans the use of pens, paper, and 
i«k. The practice at Horsemonger-lane 
Ifael was to iron the prisoners. Three 
gentlemen, the present Sheriff, the late 
Sheriff, and a Mr. Harris, went to pee 
£vans, and one of them asked the gaoler 
whether it was the practice to put prison- 
ers there into irons ? Being told that it 
-was the uniform practice, they acquiesced. 
The next day the irons were taken away. 
He next read a description of the room 
IB which he was confined, which had been 
called the condemned dungeon. It was 25 
feet long, 18 widf>, and 11 high. There 
were two large windows, a fire-place, and a 
€oal- place. There was a fine view of the 
Surrey hills from his window. (Great laugh' 
ier,^ The younger Evans had a room 
exactly the same, except that, being lower, 
the view is not so extensive. It had been 
wUedged that they had not been allowed 
to walk any where. There was an ar- 
cade 35 feet in length, in which they were 
altowed to walk. He. asked the gaolor 

' wbeiber there was not a place where thej 



could conveniently enjoy free air, and he 
answered, '* Certainly not, withoat' being 
exposed too much for their security." 
Another point he would mention was the 
alledged want of communication with hit 
dearest friends. His wife had been al- 
lowed to visit him and to converse with 
him through the iron grate, which was 
open from top to bottom, so as to admit 
them to see and converse freely. All the 
possible modes in which any grie^Fancel 
felt by prisoners could be made known 
were two. The one was by writing to the 
Secretary of State. This Mr. Watson had 
often done, and always obtained redress^ 
for which he had written a letter of thanks* 
This was the best mode. The only other 
mode was by sending to inquire at th9 
gaols, which it was impossible to do as to 
every gaul in the country ; and which, if 
possible, would be a libel upon the Indi* 
viduals who were most carefully cboien 
to watch over the treatment of prisoners 
and the management of prisons. 

Mr. Bennet, notwithstamling the ezpla* 
jiation given on some points, persicted in 
thinking that the two Evans's and their 
associates, had been harshly treated. 

Mr. Barkam said he was not satisfied 
with the explanations given, and would 
make a motion on the subject to-morrow. 

Mr. Brougham asked whether be was 
to credit the assertion that Mr. Evans was 
without fire or candle ? 

Mr. /f. Addington could only say that 
no severity had been exercised towards 
him but what was usual in all other cases. 

Mr. Brougham said he must then con- 
sider the charge as true. It had been 
stated that there were no means of allow- 
ing exercise to the prisoners consistently 
with their secure custody : |x!^, on the con- 
trary, could tell the House that there was 
a large space, a garden, with a high wall 
set with spikes, in which they were in per- 
fect security. 

On the motion of Sir E, Brydges, a re- 
turn was ordered from the Universities, at 
to the way in which the books claimed uii* 
der the Copy- right Act were disposed of. 

The petition of the Watchmakers was 
referred to a select Committee. - 

After a conversation of some length, Hhe 
order for a Committee to inqnire into the 
policy of restricting or prohibiting the ex- 
portation of cotton-yarn, was discharged^ 
on the g*round that it was too late in the 
Session to inquire aud to report on so exo 
tensive a subject. 

Mr. Vansitiari, with the leave of the 
House, brought in a Bill to prevent the 
circulation of Bank dollars and tokens af* 
ter the 25th of March next. 

Juiyt, 
Vr. Hammersley wished to know whe- 
ther Govemment bad made eay applica- 

tiom 



18 IT.) Proce^mgsintheMeSesikntf PurUttimnt. \$r 

tkMi ibr. wpayHient of the AnskriaD loaa and demth. Aftar tome fturther obaarv*. 

ff IP^aOOOOOA taoot, be iiiQTed that the petitioo abookl h« 

.Lora CattUrtagh said, a proper time referred to a select Comnitttee. 
Ibr making t«te& a deoiaod had not yei Mr. H, Addington^ io oppoaiag the mo- 

arrived* tion, repealed the sUtement which k4 

Hr Bvkam addressed the House at made the preceding day. The petitloi^ 

•pusiderabfe length on the case of Mr. had been delivered to Mr. Harmer at tlw 

Bvanf. He had supported the measures, prisoner's desire. Of coals there was a». 

^Goyemment for 30 years from convic- nnlimited allofvance. Candlea vera at-. 

tiois; npon the same principle he now- lowed liberally, according to the s^asooa 

Apposed them. He would defend the li- of the year. Evans complained to tb«^ 

^erties of Eoglbhoien, because, in this gaoler that he had not enough of candlea^ 

foaotry, . the subversion of our liberties but the gaoler told him he must apply to 

{aplied the subversion of the Government higher authority. One of the rules of tb^ 

•dA Constitution. He agreed with a Noble prison was, that no musical instrument 

Xrfwid who had, on a preceding evening, conld be allowed. If the flute could be 

•nid that he would rather see the country allowed, no person would be more apt to 

vrrblutionized than enslaved. He would feel the hardship of withholding it than 

osk the Gentlemen • on the Treasury himself (A kaigk.J The gaoler told 

Mnebea, who received that sentiment with him, that the reason why Evans was not, 

• eUmour of difapprobation, whether they allowed to walk |n the garden was, that; 

ehoiged the people of England with trea- the way to it was through the felon's yardl* 

Cm James II. or upon what principle,. The bed was perfectly new, and as good 

thatrevolotion was better than slavery, as could be afforded. The gaoler is -a 

•ould they justify their attachment to the most, humane man, and he (M/iiT. A*)^ 

reifoing family ? He then contended that had received two letters from the four, 

tbo Semtary of State, having taken upon state priiKMiers under his.charge, stating 

iuBielf the custody of the prisoners iinder that they had eiperienced great humanity 

Qie Suspension Act, ought to know, from from him since their confinement. He had 

day to day, bow they were treated, and tbiit morniug visited the prison along with 

ooodeaned the new doctrine that men an Hon. Member^ who would stale what 

whom it was never intended to bring to passed. 

trial were to be confined to produce re- Mr.^.J!&a», the Member alluded to, said 
peotance. We bad come to the turning that the elder Evans mentioned, that so . 
|kMnt. We must go back to the iron age, far as his treatment in prison was con- 
renounce our free constitution, and get an cemed, he had no charge to make, but 
arbitrary government, and take all the ma- that liberty was sweet, and that no sito^- 
Winery of despotism, foreign armies, ar- tion could be agreeable in which he wai 
hitrary imprisonments, solitary confine- deprived of it. Pilkington confirmed this 
ments, without specific object or limited testimony to the conduct of the gaoler, by 
dnralion ; and above all, spies and infor- declaring, that he was so far from com- 
mers as the authority for law, the evi- plaining of any oppressive or harsh usage 
dence for trial, and the safeguard of Go- from the gaoler, that he regarded him 
vemment ; or we must take liberty with with love and gratitude, as his friend and 
mil its inconveniences. He did not, how« benefactor. The younger Evaos had no 
over, think that the people of England complaint to make, except with regard to . 
were prepared to yield up the liberty pur- the supply of candle; and Ogden d^« 
abased by the blood of their ancestors, dared, with tears in his eyes, that he 
without a struggle worthy of the cause, should never forget the kindness which he 
The Hon. Member then adverted to the had experienced from his bands, that he 
details of the petition. He had some- should always remember his conduct with 
where read of a prisoner who amused him- gratitude; fur, added he, ** he has been 
self with feeding a spider. Was not the to me a friend and benefactor io my dis- 
taking away of the flute an act of more bar- tress." 

barous cruelty than killing the spider? It Mr, Bennet reye»ied bis former obser- 

appeared he had been ruined in bis trade vations, and OOotended that a sufficient 

ihrougb the rigour with which all inter- case had been made out for reference to a 

course with his friends was denied. This Committee. 

surely was a very great hardship. It was Mr. //. Sumner stated that Lord Sid- . 

stated, too, that the circumstances in mouth, the instant a memorial was seat 

which he was placed would terminate his to him, ordered the prisoners to be taken 

life. If in consequence of the severity, out of irons. The rooms in which they 

whieh was admitted to have been exer- were confined were large and airy, and 

cised towards this man, he lost his life, it the gaoler was remarkable for bis huma- 

tben turned out that it was not only the nity. 

power of arbitrary imprisoDment that was ^ Mr. 5. Woriley had never heard a 

given to Ministers, but the power of life charge more completely disproved than. 

the 



16i Proceeihigs in the late Session of Parliament. [Aug. 



the pf^sent ; nor had ever seen a case that 
appeared more completely trumped up to 
deceive the publick, and to excite odium 
gyainst the Government. 

Sir F' Burdett was not iuclined to put 
much faith in the praises of a gaoler. 

Lord Castlereagh observed, that circum- 
itaoces had arisen in the course of this 
discussion which would lead to a correc- 
tion of the evilj and the presumption 
was, that whenever an abuse did exist, it 
would not be long before it came to the 
knowledge of Government ; who, he could 
assure the House, would be disposed to 
pay the utmost atteniion to it. 

After a few observations from Lord 
Cochrane and General Hope, the motion 
was negatived without a division. 

Sir J. C HippisUy brought in a Bill for 
securing the payment of the wages of col- 
liers in the lawful money of the country. 

Housi OP Lords, »Tuly 3. 

Lord Colchester (the late Speaker of the 
Commons) was introduced by Lords Re- 
desdale and Dynevor, and took the oaths 
and his seat. 

In answer to a question from Lord 
Montford, as to the persons convicted of a 
conspiracy against the lives of the thiipe 
poor Irish coiners. Lord Sidmouth said they 
were still under sentence of death, but that 
the execution had been respited. If it 
should turn out that these persons could 
not, from a defect in the law, be brought 
to punishment, care would be taken that 
the law should be amended in that respect. 
He did not mean by any meaus to say, 
however, that these persons might not 
still be punished ; but at present the state 
of the case was a» he had mentioned — that 
they were still under sentence of death, 
but that the execution had been respited. 

hi the Commons, the same day, Lord 
Binning observed, that of the 950 parishes 
in Scotland, 259 had not made their re- 
turns respecting the lunatic poor. There 
appeared something like negligence,though 
not wilful, and he hoped this notice of it 
would have a due effect. 

The Report of a Committee on the New- 
foundland trade having been read, Mr. 
M. A, Taylor impressed upon the House 
the necessity of taking immediate mea- 
sures for the relief of that settlement, 
which was threatened with all the horrors 
of famine, and for the permanent support 
of the 6shery a<* connected with both our 
naval and mercantile interests. Out of a 
population of 80.000, not less than 10,000 
or 12,000 were without the mean^ of sub- 
sistence. The he:.t fishing parts of New- 
Ibundland had been conceded to France 
b^ treaty : the French traders were very 
active, and the French Government ex- 
erted itself by means of bounties, equal 

2 



to half the cost and cure of the ish. JDa* 
ties against our own merchants ainoaiitod 
almost to a prohibition. S^in, whom we 
had protected with our treasure and blood, 
gave her proofs of gratitude by her duties 
on our trade. Murat, when he reigned at 
Naples, levied a duty, which was to* 
go to the ransoming slave» at Algiers; 
which the present King, much as he wat 
indebted to us, not only had kept up, bat 
had increased. Our merchants had that 
.to cope with a host of difficulties. *They 
wished that 5000 at least, of the starviDgf 
population should be removed to other 
settlements, and that an attempt should 
be made to keep up the fishery, our besC 
nursery of seamen, by a bounty, for one 
year, of 2f. per quintal. The Hon. Mem- 
ber then moved, that the Report should 
be taken into consideration by a Cooi« 
mittee of the whole House. 

Mr, Robinson disapproved of the pr(K 
posed bounty, as proceeding on fidse 
maxims of political economy ; and looking 
to the distress which prevailed in this 
country and in Ireland, and to the unpro- 
ductive state of the last harvest in Canada 
and Nova Scotia, he could not see that 
Government could administer relief to a 
greater extent than they had offered, 
which was to provide settlements for 1000 
persons m Nuva Scotia, if the merchants 
would defray the expence of removing 
them. This offer had been rejected. 

Mr. Holdstvorth, Mr. §V, DougUu, Mr. 
Canning, and Mr. Protheroe, urged the 
necessity of doing something to avert the 
threatened calamity. 

Mr. F» Lewis did not see how Govern- 
ment, with all the difficulties which press- 
ed on it, could do any thing efferctual, 
and suggested that recourse should be had 
to a subscription. 

Mr. Vansittart objected to the proposed 
bounty, but assured the House that Go* 
vemment would exert all the means id its 
power for the relief of the present suflbren, 
as they had done with regard to the suf- 
ferers by the fire at St. John's. After 
some further discassion, the motion #as 
negatived by 50 to 29. 

July 4. 

A Petition was presented from Ashton- 
under-Lyne, in Lancashire, stating dis- 
tress, and imputing it, in part, to the ex- 
porting of cotton twist. To a qoettion 
from Mr. Cmdhurne, Mr. Foiut/terf an- 
swered, that he was not pledged against 
going into an inquiry on the subject nekt 
Session. 

On the question fbr the third reading 
of the Election Poll Bill, Mr. Bnmgkam 
argued for further delay, and oioved that 
the Bill should be printed. The motion 
was negatived by 60 to 2. An amendmtpt 
by Mr. Calcr^ft for eKcepting pmomi m 

the 



IS-Lfi] Parliamimiary ProteedmgB.^^Foreign Occurrences. 169 



the amyt imtt, or militia, was negatiTed 
¥j 55 to ^* Tbe question for the pass- 
k^ of tile Bill wa^ then carried in the 
afBroialive, by 59 to 19. 

Mr. SL Bourwe broogbt op the Report of 
Ibe CominHtee oa the Poor Laws, which 
wae ordered to be prioted, with a Tiewoo 
ka circuUtioo in all parts of the country* 
|»ffeparatory to a more mature coniider- 
atkm of the subject next Se^ision. 

Mr. Bennett with respect to the Ale- 
iMHite Bill, said, from the sort of oppo^^ 
sHIoa, and the emphatic tone used against 



it, be had little or no hoptf of wieont if 
he pressed it this SessiOBj While be wat» 
tberefore, obliged to delay a remedy, be 
protested, in the name. of the morals oC 
the people of England, against a syeten 
that contributed more thao any ether 
measure whatever to destroy them^ He 
then moved the ^rther consideratiao tbie 
day three months^ which was ordered. 

The third reading of the Irish Grand 
Jary Bill was carried, by 46 to 8 ; and the 
Bill passed. 

The Extents in Aid Bill was alio pasted. 



ABSTRACT OF FOREIGN OCCURRENCES. 



FRANCE. 
On the 15th inst. at half past twoo'clock, 
Madame and the three Princes repaired to 
Notre Dame, to be present at the cere- 
■loay of the renewal of the vow oP Louis 
Xllt. which was originally made in 1638. 
—After veilpers, the procession took place 
In the foIlowin<r order : A detachment of 
fendaitiierie first ; then marched, under 
the banner of the Virgin, 150 youths, 
dothed in white ; more than 800 clerical 
persons attached to the diflferent institu- 
tions ; then the Metropolitan Clergy ; the 
Dignitari^ ; several Prelates preccfleil the 
•tatde of ihe Virgin ; and it was followed 
by the Duke de Berri, the Due d'Angou- 
leme. Monsieur, and Madame, and the 
Dotihess d'Angouleme, all attended by 
their principal Officers of State ; and the 
procession was closed by the civil and judi- 
cial authorities. — The procession passed 
through the Rue Neuve-Notre Dame, the 
Marche Neuf, the roe de la Baillerie, and 
the Quays. All the streets, on the passage 
of the procession, were decorated with ta> 
pestry, and from the windows fioated white 
handkerchiefs and fleur-de-lys. The Na- 
tional Guard and the Royal French and 
Swiss Guards formed a double line along 
the streets. 

The negociations between the Pope and 
the King of France are stated to be con- 
cluded ; and a long list is given of the 
Archbishops and Bishops of France, insti- 
tuted by his Holiness on the nomination of 
the King. Of those the must conspicuous 
is that of Talleyrand Perigord, Grand Al- 
moner ; irho, having obtained a Cardinal's 
hat, is promoted to the rank of Archbishop 
of Paris. 

M. de la Luzerne, formerly Bishop of 
Langres, and M. de Beausset, formerly 
Bishop of Ala is, have also been created 
Cardinals. 

Cardinal Brancadoro has arrived at 
Paris. This ecclesiastic is said to have 
on former occasions frequently filled the 
office of Nuncio from the Papal Court; 
and his present visit to Paris is thought to 
have fariu object the speedy termination 
Gbiit. Mao. August, 1817. 



10 



of all matters yet nnscttled with regard to 
the Oallican Church. 

The King of Prussia afrived at Pari4» 
on Saturday the 16th inst. in the af^er* 
noon, and the Duke of Wellington in the 
evening. The former, travelling as Count 
Ruppin, came in the most private raan^ 
ner ; one carriage containing himself and 
the whole of his suite. On the l7(h, the 
King, accompanied by the Count de Goltz. 
his Minister at the Court of France, waa 
introduced to the French Monarch at the 
Thuilleries, and afterwards to Monsieur, 
the Duke and Duchess d*Angonleme, and 
the Duke and Duchess de Berry. l*he 
two Sovereigns dined together in the even- 
ing. The King strictly preserves the 
character of a private gentleman. 

It appears, by a decision of the Mi- 
nister at War, approved by the King, 
that a certain nnniber of that numerous 
and formidable corps, the half-pay officers 
of the old French army, are henceforth to 
be attached to the different corps d'armee; 
and one half the commissions which fall 
vacant in future are to be distributed 
amongst them. 

A letter from Cambray of the 19th inst. 
assures us, it is no longer doubtful that 
the Arm>y of Occupation will be reduced 
one- fifth at the beginning of Autumn. 

The French Ministry of Marine hare 
sent out a frigate, with scientific men, to 
survey the navigation of the Turkish 
Archipelago. 

A private letter from Paris states, that 
althouirh the Duke of Orleans, iu obedience 
to the King's wishes, lives in apparent re- 
tirement, with his family, at Neuilly, yet 
he comes to Paris every Monday morning, 
on which day he regularly holds a levee. 
This is attended by most of the French 
Marshals, and not a few ex- Authorities in 
the Civil Department. 

The trial has commenced of a band of 
con<ipirators, who called themselves Knights 
of the Sleeping Lion. The indictment 
charges ihem with associating for the pur* 
po«*e of overturning the Government,. 
every person initiated taking an oath of 

fidelity 



170 



Abstract of Ihreign Occurrences. 



[Aug. 



fidelity to Buonaparte and hit family. 
HoUeTille, the Leader of the Socieiy, ia 
described ^s a cousin of Buonaparte -, bat 
this is in all likelihood an assumed rela- 
tionship. 

Ow: of the Paris Papers, in a kind of 
demi - official articlp, presents a most 
favourable account of the present financial 
situation of France. It states, that the 
Government has been able to meet every 
demand upon it, including even a large 
nnfores^en expenditure, which the rigour 
of the seasons has rendered indispensable; 
and that such altogether has been the order 
and ae<:oaomy observed in the Treasury, 
that only half of the Loan voted by the 
Chambers has as yei been expended. 
" The negociations," it is added, " which 
are now carrying on, are for the supply of 
the other half (^ the Loan ;*' and not, as has 
been erroneously supposed, for any new 
Loan occasioned by any new necessity on 
the part of the French Government. 

It appears, that a serious disturbance 
took place on the 18tb ult. at St Qenies, 
at the execution of a Capt. Oudin, who 
was shot for a former insurrection (see 
p. 73). The detachment of soldiers drawn 
out to shoot the unfonunate offender wheel- 
ed about, and refused to fire. The officer 
who commanded them has been dismisHed 
the service, as well as bis men, with the 
additional ptinishment of being ordered 
before a Court MartiaL 

Tremi^ndous storms have ravaged seve- 
ral paits of France; particularly in the 
neighbourhood of Suissons, at Busancy, 
Rosierei, Septmont, and Embrief. An ap- 
))eal 10 public charity has been made for 
the ruined inhabitants of all these places. 

The perpetual motion, so long sought 
for in vain, is now sought through the me- 
dium of galvanism. A French physician 
has in his cabinet two galvanic piles, 16 
inches high, which alternately attract a 
pretiy heavy beam. The continual oscil- 
lation of the beam gives motion to a pen- 
dulum, which has never stopped for the 
last three years. The physician is now 
endeavouring to give to this movement an 
isochronism which may render it more 
useful. 

The body of Madame De Stael has been 
opened, and this operation has falsified 
the opinions given by her physicians. In 
her anatomy they have remarked ihe ex- 
traordinary dimension of the brain. A 
cast has been taken of her head. Ma- 
dame De Stael, in her will, authorises her 
son and daughter to make public her 
marriage with M. De Kocca, which took 
plac long since, and to introduce to their 
families the son who was the issue of that 
marriagf>. 

La LANDS AND Madamb De Stabl.— M. 
Lalande dined one day at the house of 
Kecamier, the banker : he was seated be* 



tween the celebrated beauty Madtim Re- 
camier, and Madame de Stael, equally 
distinguished for her wit. Wishing to say 
something pretty to the ladies, the Astro- 
nomer exclaimed — ** How happy I am to 
be thus placed between wit and beauty V 
• — ** Yes, M. Lalande," sarcastically re- 
plied Madame de Stael, « and xmikout 
pouessing either /" 

NETHERLANDS. 

Rigorous orders are given to drive the 
French Buonapartists out of the Nether- 
lands; Cambaceres, Syeyes, and the art- 
ist David, only are excepted. 

Accounts from Flanders relate chiefly 
to the abundant and fine Iwrvest now 
reapmg in that coantry. 

SPAIN AND PORTUGAL. 

The French Papers have brought us a 
copy of a Bull addressed by the Pope tQ 
the King of Spain, authorising htm to 
levy a Roosidy on the Spanish Ecclesias- 
tics. This document has been obtained 
in furtherance of the new projects of Fi- 
nance of the Minister Garay ; and, if ac- 
quiesced in by the Spanish Clergy, will 
transfer thirty millions of reals from the 
Church coffers to those of the State. 

It is asserted, that Arguelles, one of tha 
most distinguished Members of the Cortes, 
who had been exiled, has not only been 
pardoned, hut has been promoted to high 
office. Two of his colleagues also are 
, expected to be set at liberty. 

By accounts from Madrid, it appears, 
that Don Martin Garay, the Minister of 
Finance, proposed, as a part of his finan- 
cial plan, the granting of a general am- 
nesty for all political offences j with a 
view to tranquillize the country, and ob- 
tain credit, in order to supply the wants of 
the State ; and on the 30th of May last, 
bf order of the King, it was referred to 
the Supreme Council of Finance, to consi- 
der the expediency of such a measure, 
and whether it should be granted with or 
without exceptions. The Council of Fi- 
nance, on the 7th of June, made a report 
to the King, in which they %\we a decided 
opinion, that the amnesty ought to be ap 
entire oblivion of all the political offences 
committed during the convulsioDS that 
have agitated Spain. "^ 

A Letter from Perpignan, dated July 
18, says, ** On the arrival of General Lacy 
at Majorca, his sentence was read to him, 
and he was shot on tbe morning of the 5th. 
He died with equal composure and firm- 
ness." — Letters from Madrid of the first 
respectability state, on the other hand, 
that General Lacy has not been executed^ 
but that bis sentence has been. commuted 
into perpetual imprisonment in tbe Castle 
of Majorca, through the intercession of 
the Queen. 

Recent intelligence from Madrid serves 
vary strongly to elucidate the iioe of policy 

pursued 



WIT.] 



4bsfract of Foreign Occurrences. 



171 



.^med by the Spanisl^ GoveromeDt, and 
,t|ft9 vievt vbieb it entertains. The Oabi- 
.net of Madrid, conscious of the utter io- 
;ability of Spain, by means of her own cw- 
asaiftted efl^rts, to recover her former do- 
minion on tiie Continent of America, bas 
been making every possible endeavour to 
interest the ppwers of Europe in her cause, 
«ad to in4oce them to embark in the for- 
iom prqject of re-subjugatiug her former 
Colonies, ft is now stated in the Spanish 
Papers, that '* the most amicable arrange- 
ments exist with Brazil, tbe Uuitefl States, 
England, Austria; and that the greater part 
qf these Courts offer their assistance in redu' 
cimg the . Insurgent Colonies /*' — That the 
" greater pari" of these Courts have of- 
fered snch assistance few persons will be- 
lieve • but it has for some time past be^n 
ireoeraily rnmoared^ that Spain has .pur- 
chased the interference of Russia in the 
contest between the Mother Country and 
tii« Colonies. 

Letters from Lisbon state, that murmurs 
Aud, discontents are spreading more widely 
f very day among the Portuguese people. 
This disorder of the public mind is not 
fhoogfat likely to be appeased by the pro* 
traoted and indefinite absence of the ^og, 
or by the perpetual drains of men and 
mouey which aiC required for the service 
of the new Brazilian Empire. The spirit 
of dissatisfaction has, it is said, found its 
way into the Portuguese Army, more 
especially among the troops under orders 
to embark for South America. 

ITALY. 
The Princess of Wales left Rome on the 
td id%t. to repair to Bologna. 

The Arch- Duchess Marie Leopoldine, 
princess of Brazils, left Florence on the 
8th for Leghorn, where the Portuguese 
0eet destined to convey her to Rio Janeiro 
is stationed. Prince Metternich had reach- 
ed Leghorn before the Princess, to give 
ber away, in the capacity of Imperial 
Conunissary. 

An article from Leghorn states, that 
the Commodore of the American squadron 
which has been for some time past lyini; in 
that port has been on a journey to Flo- 
rence; tbe sole object of which was, to 
negociate the purchase of the IslaoJ of 
Elba for tbe American Government. The 
fact of such an application having beeu 
made is not unlikeiy ; but of its success 
there is little probability. 

The Austrian troops have at length 
quilted Naples; but, previous to thei*- 
leaving, payment was made of all the sums 
due to Austria for the expences of the war, 
by which {Naples had been recovered.— 
How different this from the liberality of 
England under the guidance of Lord Cas- 
tlereagh ! Although tbe King of Naples 
had been, for years, subsidized by Eng- 
land, as possessors of the Island of Sicily, 



in which English troops protected Ua; 
yet, when his fleet was rrstored to bki, 
and salvage was due for that lervioe, 
England paid all the money, thit IkTi 
. might not be tbe slightest blemish on our 
- character for generosity. 

The old King of Sardinia bas asanoMd 
the habits and regulations of St. fgnatiw, 
and given himself up entirely to exeraitct 
of piety. 

GERMANY. 
The German Papers say, that tbe yoMg^ 
Buonaparte is educating for the Catbolie 
Church ; with a view, no doubt, to extijD- 
guish all hopes of another dynasty start- 
ing up to pester Europe. 

A proposition, for imposing a.duty upon 
the importation of English mauu£actui«fl 
at Leipsic, has been receotly rejected, M 
prejudicial to that freedom of trade, witb- 
oiit vbichLeipsiccanuotexistasagTanddc^ 
p6t of merchandise for tbe North of Enrope, > 

Private letters from the South of Q«r« 
many inform Os, that tbe harvest has'beea 
so abundant, as to make wheat unsaleabia 
at any price. 

The Grand National Theatre at Berlin 
has been destroyed by fire. Tbe cause is 
believed to have been wilful. Twelve tna- 
pected* persons have been arrented. Tbe 
ire broke out during a rehearsal, and o«e 
of the performers lost his life. The bojld'- 
ing was 344> feet long, 155 broad, and 155 
high within the walls. 

An atrocious instance of peculation has 
recently occupied the attention of the pub- 
lic authorities throughout Prussia. Tbe 
King had benevolently set apart a con- 
siderable fund for the supply of grain in 
his Rhenish Provinces, where fears were 
entertained of famine. The persons who 
had coDtracted for the purchase and dis- 
tribution of tbi'' grain, finding that in the 
market of Amsterdam the article bore an 
exorbitant price, sold th^ir whole stock. to 
certain Dutch speculators ; so that the re- 
lief designed by the King for his subjects 
was intercepted by this base proceeding, 
and the privations of the people on the 
Rhenish frontier were aggravated to a 
painful and alarming pitch. 
Thb Empbror of AusTRii^iN Poland.— 
We learn from Lemberg, luat their Im« 
perial Majesties mew on the 16th ult. to 
Brody, whence they returned on the 17th. 
The Emperor on thf 18iU, visited the Uni- • 
versity. the Library, and the other Insti- 
tutions for public education. On the 19th, 
his Majesty visited the Fcligtous Estab- 
lishments and the HospitaU; every where 
be ieft memorials of his care an/1 Ins mu- 
nificence. On the evening of the 18tb, 
their Majesties were present at the repre- 
sentat on of a Polish'piece of M. Kamin- 
ski. The entertainment oonclurlcu with 
Polish cou plets and verses, in honour of the 
Sovsreigus. 

Vienna, 



172 



Abstract of Foreign Occurrences. 



[An J. 



Viinnat Aug* Q. — According to the 
latest news, iheir Imperial Majesties will 
leave the capital of Gallicia. to«morrow, 
for Cseraowiiz and Hermaiistadt. 
SWEDEN. 

Report says, that Prince Qscar, of 
Sweden, is to marry a German Princess ; 
and it is asserted in letters from Norway, 
that a General and Extraordinary Diet 
of that kingdoo) will be opened by the 
Prince Royal jn person, about the end 
pf next September ; when his Royal 
Highness will declare his son the future 
Viceroy of Norway. 

While the commercial towns of Sweden 
are suffering by the interference of their 
Government to prevent the imporution 
of foreign goods, it appears from the 
Hamburfi^h papers, that this injudicious 
prohibition, the secondary effect of which 
ii the prevention of ex}>ortation also, is 
highly approved by some politiciaus in 
the interior. 

According to a table describing the 
civil state of Sweden, 344 children at the 
breast were, during the year 1B14, smo- 
thered by their mothers or nurses while 
asleep 3 and in the following year, 369 
died through this kind of imprudence. 

The Hamburgh papers inform us, that 
at Stockholm two persons have been sen- 
tenced to death for drinking the health of 
Giistavus V. 5 but it was not expected to 
be carried into execution. 

Hie Ex-King of Sweden has removed 
from Frankfort to Hanau, where it was 
supposed he would fix his residence. 
RUSSIA. 

TThere is a report which has however 
found some countenance from the foreign 
papers, that Russia, in her cold and remote 
oapitaL has felt so warmly for the affairs of 
Spain and the Spanish colonies, ihat, under 
m public arraogement, she has engaged to 
furnish a powerful naval and military arma« 
ment for the subjugation of the insurgent 
provinces in South America. This story, 
idle and romantic as it isj had for a time 
a considerable effect on the Stock Ex- 
change. It is on this account, and this 
account only, that the rumour receives 
our notice ; for no person connected with 
the Baltic trade, and especially with the 
Eastern Baltic, supposes that it merits the 
least attention whatever. Russia is in no 
condition to advance money, in order to 
fultii any such engagements; and Spain 
is least of ail capable of supplying funds 
to Alexander, to assist in any such de- 
sign. The Exchange of St. Petersburg 
has remained in a condition that has «)is- 
appointed all the speculations of those 
who calculated on its advance; and the 
persons who deposited their money in the 
Russian Bank, in the indulgence of the 
flattering hope of its improvement, es^joy 
pone of the promised advantage?* and are 



getting their money home by every ex- 
pedient which avarice and rngentiity can 
contrive. It is acknowledged in an Offi- 
cial Ukase, published under the Imperial 
name, that the Loan which is sought by 
the Russian Minister of Finance, and in- 
deed with little prospect of success, is not 
to be contracted with any view of foreign 
entt^rprizes, and least of all to trant- 
Atlantic experiments ; but, if possible, to 
restore the expiring credit of the Rusfiaa 
paper, wh:ctv, in its present state, threat- 
ens the ut4er annihilation of the nationiil 
confidence in the public engagements. 

The Emperor of Russia has issued « 
Decree to regulate the creation of Nobi- 
lity in Poland, and prevent that honour 
from being conferred except as a reward 
for public services ; and requiring that a 
certain fortune shall belong to tboae who 
lay claim to it. 

TURKEY. 
It seems quite confirmed, that the Ot- 
toman Porte has formally recognized the. 
Supremacy of England over the louiali 
Isles; and that a Turkish Commissioner 
has already repaired to them. 

A conspiracy is stated in the Vienna 
accounts to have been discovered at Con- 
stantinople, which was to have been car^ 
ried into execution by the Janissaries. 
The Aga of that body was in consequence 
arrested and conveyed to a fort in the 
neighbourhood of the capital, where hit 
death took place very soon afterwards. It 
is added, that the Janissaries will in con^ 
sequence lose some of their privileges. 

By letters from Constantinople it ap- 
pears, that a contagious distemper, re* 
sembliiig the plague, has carried off the 
Ambassador from Buchara and several 
of his people. Another letter firom the 
same city says :— ** For these two days 
past a report has been in circulation, 
that a revolt has broken out in Cairo, and 
that the Qovernor Mebmed Aly Paeha 
has been taken prisoner by the revolted 
inhabitants.'' 

An article from Vienna, dated the lOth 
August, contains the following particulars 
of the death of the celebrated Cseroy- 
Georges, ancient Chief of the Servian iq- 
surrectioo. He had repaired to Semen- 
dria ubder a fictitious name, and was con- 
cealed by one of his friends. His inten- 
tion was, to recover a treasure of 50.000 
ducats which he bad buried before he 
quilted Seivia, and with which he wished 
to remove to Russia. But his hokt was 
cowaidly or wicked enough to betray him 
to the Pacha of Belgrade, who went to 
Semendria with an escort of Janissaries* 
arretted Czerny- Georges, and a Greek 
who accompanied him, cut off their head«» 
and sent them on the ^7th of July, by a 
Tartar, to the Porte. This erent will in- 
crease the fermentation which wpt befor# 

pre- 



iai7.] 



Abstract tf Foteign Occurrences. 



17S 



lireTBlent in Senria. It is not thbotlit 
that tranquillity can be maintained there; 
^ hoi we hare yet no aceoiint of auy actual 
4istorbauoes. 

ASIA. 
The Madraa Gazette of the 15th March 
annoances a ineianchoiy accident which oo- 
coned in Colonbo harbour on the 27th of 
January. By the upsetting of a boat be- 
longing to the Iphigeoia frigate, in which 
were a party of officers who had dined 
with the officers of the ship, seven lives ' 
weve lost — Ensigns Campbell, Coaoe, and 
Hanwell, of the 7^d regt. LieuU Sanders, 
6f the Iphig^nia, two seamen, and one boy. 
Dtspaicbes hare been received, over- 
land, from the Governor of Bombay, dated 
March 22, communicating the important 
Intelligence of the capture, by the British 
Army, of the fortress of Hattrass, situate 
in the heart of the Ooab, on the road 
from Agra to Coel, about 20 miles South- 
east of the latter place, and supposed to 
have been garrisoned by 10,000 men. The 
cireomatances which led to thb event were 
as follow :— The Zemindar, or proprietor 
of the fort, had often obstructed the coarse 
of justice by giving refuge to robbers and 
aasasins who bad fled from the Company's 
districtt ; and he had for some time made 
Hattrass the resort of all men of bold and 
abandoned character, with the view of 
strengthening his means of defence, or of 
becoming formidable to his neighbourhood. 
He had also manifested a spirit of en- 
croachment towards the British ; and, by 
taking possession of this strong fortress, 
his hostile designs became obvious. Re- 
monstrances and explanations proving un- 
satisfactory, recourse was had to more 
effectual measures, by prompt and vigor- 
ous inilitary operations. Our army, com- 
posed of British and native troops, took 
Ae field under the command of Colonel 
Marshal, an officer of high military repu- 
tation. Arrived before the place, he sum- 
moned it to surrender; but the enemy, 
confiding in his strength and means of de- 
fence, refused to capitulate. It was then 
determined lo carry it by storm : a heavy 
bombardment was commenced ; and the 
Congreve rockets were used with terrible 
effect j one of them falling on the maga- 
zine occasioned a dreadful explosion, 
which destroyed great numbers of the 
garrison. Our loss by the fire of the ene- 
my was inconsiderable: Lieut. Courlland 
was the only officer wounded. 

The recent accounts from India intimate 
the probability of another MabraUa war. 
The facilities afforded by Scindiah to the 
aggressions of the Pindarrees upon the 
British territories, are the alledged causes 
of the contemplated hostilities. 
AFRICA. 
The Dey of Tripoli has presented the 
Prince Regent of Great Britain with such 



remains of antiquity as are moveable at 
Lebyda, which is famous for being the slta 
of Carthage. The Weymomh storeship/ 
Mr. Turner commanding, is now on her' 
voyage thirher, for the purpose of receiv- 
ing and carrying to England those antient 
monuments, which are represented as' 
highly curious, and illustrative of thkt 
once splendid capiuf. It is stated, thatj 
the Dey has offered protection, as far as] 
his authority extends, to any Knropean* 
who is willing to isttempt the jouruey from 
Tripoli to Tombuctoo. 

AMERlCA,'-&c. 
The President, Monro, is on a tour 
through the United States. Some of the 
descriptions of the tour are so fulsome ahd 
ridiculous, that they troold not disgrace' 
the columns of Journalists devoted, to the! 
panegyrfck of the most despotic Monarch.* 
Accounts have been received by the' 
JeaUf arrived at Annan, from the emi- 
grants who sailed from Scotland the latter 
end of last spring for America. These- 
nnfdrtunate men found themselves miser- 
ably disappointed in their expectations :. 
artificers in wood or iron were the ouly 
tradesmen in any request ; little or no de*. 
mand for labourers in husbandry, hewing 
or squaring of wood being the only source 
of extended permanent employment for 
any considerable part of the year: the 
season for it is now rapidly expiring, and. 
a long winter coming on with hardly any 
resource but charity. 

Halifax Papers and letters state, that 
vessels were almost daily arriviug in Ca- 
nada, with emigrants from Great Biitain ; 
within three weeks, no lesi^ than 1000 in- 
dividuals had landed, and proceeded on- 
ward to the lands allotted to them by Go- 
vernment. 

The Baltimore Patriot says — «* The 
British . vessel Angelica lately foundered 
while on her passtage from ihe Cape of 
Good Hope to the Isle of Prance, and all 
on board perished. Among these unfor- 
tunate persons were, John James Arm- 
strong, esq. late American Consul at Te« 
neriffe, and his family, consisting of Mr^. 
Armstrong, seven children,. two nephews^ 
and servants. 

'Letters, said to have been received by, 
commercial houses, report the death of Pe- 
tion, Christophe's rival at St. Domingo ; 
and that he has beeu succeeded by a 
General nearly 80 years of age. 

Dispatches from General Murillo re- 
count the proceedings of the Royal Army 
to the 19th of April, and assert that the 
Independent forces had been completely 
discomfited. The capture of Barcelona is* 
repeated i with the horrible addition, that 
after the surrender 1000 prisoners were 
put to the sword. Bolivar, however, soon 
rallied bis forces, and is acknowledged to 
have met wjtb great success. 

COUNTRY 



174 Inielligcncefrom various Parts of the Country. [Aug^ 



COUNTRY NEWS. 

Jun€ 93. During a tremendous thon- 
der-8torm, the lightning >et fire to the 
timber-yard of Mr. Hcnj. Uobbs, at lUd' 
kridge^ near Souihami*too; and four large 
store-houses Were consuaied before the 
flamt^s could 'be 611 bdned. 

June 24. The Tavuiock Canal, forming 
a commnnicfltioii between the town of Ta- 
vistock and the nver Tamar, was op<>ned 
ibis day. It «as commenced in the year 
1803, and has c<>st about 70.000/. The 
Duke of Bedford, who is the proprietor of 
one-eighth ot theconeern, has very liberally 
contributed to its support, by giving to 
the Company the whole of the land through 
which the canal is cut. Though its level 
is about 280 feet above that of the Tamar, 
it runs for a mile and three quarters in a 
tunnel cut under Morweil Down, 450 feet 
from the summit of ttie hill. 

June 28. A dreadful fire at Halber.ion, 
near Tiverton, totally destroyed 1 7 dwell- 
ipgs (being one-third of the village), most, 
ly belonging to poor people, who are, with 
their helpless children, thus deprived of a 
pilace of shelter. 

Jufy 12. The Phoenix corn steam mill 
in Bridgewater- street, Liverpool, was burn- 
ed to the ground. The damage is esti- 
mated at about 5000/. and the premises 
were insured to very nearly that amount. 

July 25. The estate and mansion, with 
900 acres of land and tithes of .3000, call- 
ed Branches, situated at Cowiinfre, in Suf- 
folk, was sold for the sum of 35, 1 00/. More 
Chan double the money had been ofiered 
for the same by the Trustees for Lord NeW 
foo» but was afterwards declined. 

Aug. 3. As Mr. Robert Richards (aged 
i9) only SOD of Capt. D. Richards, com- 
mander of H. M. Post-office packet, the 
Auckland, on the Milford and Waterford 
station, was attempting tn hook the guy 
tackle, he lost his balance, and fell over- 
board near the entrance of Waterford har- 
bour, the packet then running for Milford 
with the mail, at the rate of eight knots an 
houri and was drowned. Capt. Richards, 
an old and skilful seaman, made every 
effort to save his sou ; but the vital spark 
was extinct before the body was picked up. 

July 26. The Provost of King's, at- 
tended by two Examiners of his own Col- 
lege, arrived at Eton this day, at two 
o'clock. The meeting between the Reve- 
tend Heads of both Colleges, took place in 
the Lower School, from which tbey pro- 
ceeded to the grand entrance of the Col- 
lege, where they were addressed in a com- 
plimentary Latin Oration by the.Captam 
of the School. The two Provosts greeted 
each other with a holy kiss, and then went 
f^ dinner. At five o'clock they attended 
fpeecbes in the Upper School, which may 
well be considered atf most promising spe- 
cimens of future oratory at the Pulpit, 



the Senate, and the Bar. The Sermon 
was preached by the Provost of Eton, Dr. 
doodall. and was admirably suited to the 
occat^ion. Monday commenced with the 
speeches again, attended by a numerous 
audience of rank, fashion, beauty* high 
talents, and learning. The Duke and 
Duchess of Leeds, Lord Braybrooke, I«or<l 
Bolton, and other persons of distinctioii, 
were present, and the company in general 
were highly gratified. The speeches were 
altogether in the highest degree creditable 
to the respective speakers. On Taesday» 
came on the examination of the thirteen 
Senior King's Scholars, who succeed, aa 
vacancies occur, to King's College. 

A very fine piece of Mosaic pavements 
about 12 feet square, has been discovered 
on digging in a field near Famkam* 

An extraordinary experiment has lately 
been made with complete success at Pl^ 
nuniih Dock-yard^^ihBi of hauling up a line 
of battle ship on one of the bnilding slips. 
The apparatus being fixed, on a given 8ig« 
nal the irameuse fabric began to advance 
on the plane, about eight or ten inches at 
a time, as the purchases acted j and in the 
short period of forty-one mimttet from the 
^ time of first heaving, a body, weighing np^ 
' wards of one thousand mj%e hundred taid 
sixty-four tons, was conveyed to its destin^ 
ed situation. In this operation, we may 
clearly perceive what is possible to be done 
by the inclined plane, the wheel and axis, 
aud the pulley, in unison with 1400 men 
and 14 capstans. 

A Cornish Newspaper relates the foU 
lowing praiseworthy example of persever« 
ing industry, and of the benefit of attach- 
ing small pieces of ground to cottages :— 
Peter Skewes resides at Blacktpaier, in the 
parish of St. Agnes; he holds a small 
tenement consisting of about an acre and 
three quarters «f land, the soil of which is 
naturally sterile. This. is divided into two 
Qearly equal plots. One of these he plants 
with potatoes, the other he tills to wheats 
and so on alternately, every year one of 
his little fields producing potatoes, add the 
oiher wheat By proper attention in the 
cultivation, he has, on an average, 80 Cor- 
nish bushels of potatoes, and nine of wheat, 
each season. He keeps two dook^M which 
^raze on the neighbouring common dur- 
ing the summer, and are partly fed with 
the straw of his wheat in the winter.; with 
tl^ese be carries coals, &c« for his neigh- 
bours, and collects manure for .his ground^ 
The reiuse poutoes, &c. enable him to 
feed a pig, which, with firih purcliased in 
the season, affords all that is required for 
food, in addition to the produce of his 
fields and little garden. In this way bai 
Peter Skewes passed the last seven yean, 
and supported a wife and a family, now 
consisting of the children, not only without 
parish aid, bat with a degree of comfoK 

and 



aad iaiepMiditMe of vhidi tlmre ■•«■«* #f ibo4, tap yiir t ejl' by dnit •oflpeadaA-^ 

■uny exmvplM w bii litoation in IHSb ;•— from pillars on each tide of the rirer, at 

be mover vaati the meaoi «if sadiiytog the height of 18 feet abovo low water, anA 

tmj devum^ that Are made opoa him» baa no lopport under it. The pottage it 

whether hfr paioohial attettment, or for eatySiod leTol* and bat very Httle^Tibra^ 

mpplyiog the wants of his family* tion. The tpen between the pointt ol 

lln pnhlie curiosity has been much es« totpension is 1261 feet, being the gieateit 

cited by the starting of a Baik and BntM span of any bridge in the kingdom* 

Ooaohy OB aw entirely new oonstraotion, ■■ 

iimiitod by Capt Wyke, and built, under DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES, 

hie iattroetiont by Messrs. Foder, of Brts- ^ H^indnor Castiey Aug. 2.— His M»> 

tol and of Bath. The great object in jesty has been generally in good |ieaitb 

^ew was complete safety, which is effect- and tranquil spirits duringtbe last months 

od in an eminent degree. ' It consists of though perhaps less uniformly than for 

two apartments— -the fore part is a close some months preceding. His Majesty's 

weugoo body; the binder part, which is disorder has suffered no alteration." 

hr onUide passengers, is open at the sides. The publick have not, for some tim« 

but has a corering, supported by four iron past^ been put in possession of any pai^ 

psUais at the corners— the luggage is car-, ticulars respecting our venerable and 

tied in the seats of each oompartment, and afflicted Monarch beyond the formal an- 

tfae springs on which the bodies are sup- nouncement in the monthly bulletins ; 

ported are composed of a single piece of the following article is extracted from a 

■ted, thereby considerably reducing the Sunday Newspaper : *Mt has been re» 

weight of the carriage. It is on the whole ported, and we believe partially credited, 

« BMMt elegant vehicle, and it is to be that his Majesty has lost his hearing as 

hoped will meet with that support, which ^^11 as his sight ; but we are happy to 

the Ingrauity of the plan, and the humane gtate that there is no truth in the oeport. 

^ject of preventing accidents, amply en- i„deed, as if Providence kindly intended 

titte the proprietor to expect ^ compensate for the loss of vision, hie 

The Forrt< of Dean is now being re- MiJestJ^s sense of bearing is not merely 
planted, m order to the prodoclion of fa-. ^'^I^^l,^^ jt has become, if we may b« 

the service of the Sute ; 2\\^1a tn n.^ th^ ♦.««. diMi-ri^mmiih^m. 



tM oak trees for the service of the Sute ; Allowed to use the term, 

the last time of its plantation was in the ^^^ ^^j^ ^^^ j, |„ . composed state 

reign of Charles II. ^ .^^ j,e c5n readily cfistinguUh, and 

..read, '"ge income b thejecen. dU- rb^Vw^rnfitorK S 

hTi2;d:L;J"?:u;:fCh wJer^T^l ^^^^f^v^T^r^ ^^'""^ *^ 

•re i. not 300 feet from the surface of P?*5,»''. >>y ,»f 'ng to them by nam*, 

the earth ^^ Majesty's habits have not, in conse* 

A National School is building at Lan^ q««"«* f infiraiity or old age, under* 

4Jaf/er, which Matthew Pope, esq. of White- gone material change. His Mi^iesty, M 

haven, has endowed by a gift of 2000/. ««»*1« "^f early - breakfasts at eight. 

He has also endowed tWo others, one with ©r soon after- dines at one-oonunuei 

3O00L and another with 2000/. P^rti*^ ^« 'PJ^V? ^l^ ^J ' *°w T^" 

A Correspondent of the Lancaiter Ge- "? » tranquil sUte, he orders what hit 

zette holds up to the imitation of the opu- dinner-table shall be furnished with, 

lent, the benevolent example of Miss Ihe pnncipal page is in constant at- 

Mason, of Edge Hill, near JLiperfioo/. This tendance, as also the subaltern assist- 

lady, at her sole expcnce, supports a Sun- *«*» «f ^"^ medical men. A sunk walk 

day school of about 60 boys and 40 girls has been_ made ^adjoining the King's 

at Cockerham, and a similar establish- suite of rooms 5 but latterly his Majesty, 

ment at Maghull, seven miles from Liver- it is said, has declined walking ther% 

pool. She has likewise a daily school and alledging, that it would be no gratiO^- 

a resident teacher annexed to her estate tion to him, as he is deprived of sigtitw 

at £dge Hill, where from 40 to 50 poor*^ The rooms that his Majesty and attend* 

girls are prepared f9r their entrance into ants occupy consist of IS, and they aft - 

lifo; and when at the age of 14, she inter- extremely well ventilated. When the 

ests hersdf in procuring them situatious. Queen is tt Windsor, her Majesty, at- 

A chain bridge is just anished at Dry tended by Dr. J. Willis, generally visits 

kttrgk^ for the convenience of foot passen- her Consort about ten in the morning." 
gers, across the river Tweed. I'he ap- Mmday^ July 7. 

pearanoe of this bridge is uncommonly *^ An Act to abolish the Punishment 

light and elegant, and, connected with the of Public' Whipping on Female Offien- 

fine scenery of Dry burgh, it is beautiful, ders," which received the Royal assent 

and interesting. It consrats of a platform this day, eincts^ <*Tbat from ami afte^ 

• the 



176 DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. [Atog; 



the passing^ of this Act, judgement shall 
not be given and awarded, against any 
female or females convicted of any of- 
fence, that such female offender or offen- 
ders do snffer the punishment of being 
publicly whipped ; any law, statute, or 
usage to the contrary notwithstanding. 
Also, that in all cases where the punish- 
ment of public whipping on female of- 
fenders has hitherto formed the whole or 
part of the judgment to be pronounced, 
it shall and may be lawful for the Court 
before whom such offender shall be 
tried, to pass such sentence of confine* 
ment to hard labour in the common gaol 
or house^ of correction, in lieu of the 
sentence of being publicly whipped, as 
to the said Court shall seem most proper."' 
Ffiday, Aug, 3. 

Lieut. Claxton, R. N. received from 
the hands of Mr. Fettigrew, the medal 
awarded to him by the Royal Humane 
Society, for his gallant and praiseworthy 
exertions in snatching from a watery 
grave, at different and rerent periods, 
several brave seamen, who must have 
perished but for his intrepidity in swim- 
ming after them. It is pleasing to see 
such merit not altogether unrewarded. 
. In the course of the last five years 
there has been paid into the Chamber of 
London, by forty-six persons, who have 
been excused serving the u^ce of Sheriff 
of London and Middlesex, no less than 
S0,413/. Gs. Sd. 

The new Custom House, just finished 
frofh the designs of David Laing, esq. is 
4SB feet in length and 107 in breadth. 
The grand front faces the river, and is 
of Portland stone; its centre is per- 
fectly plain, except above the windows, 
where runs an entablature which is or^ 
namented with basso and alto relievo 
figures placed in two compartments ; the 
vne containing 'allegorical representa- 
tions of the commerce and industry of 
the country ; the other delineating the 
costume and character of the various 
nations with whom we traffick. These 
different groupes are upwards of five feet 
high, seem well executed, and are sur- 
mounted by the recumbent figures of 
Industry and Plenty sustaining an hour- 
dial. The ground floor of the centre 
part of the front offers a noble projec- 
tion, characterizing the entrance to the 
king's warehouse, and forming at the 
<;ame time an appropriate base to the 
Royal arms, which are supported by the 
attributes' of Old Ocean and Commerce. 
Six columns of the Ionic Order embel- 
lish ench wing, and effectually prevent 
that total simplicity of style which in so 
extended an edifice would otherwise de- 
stroy its own effect. Under the pillars 
in thv ce.Qtre is a passage leading to the 
2 



opposite street* and which^ we believe^ 
is intended for a carriage-way. The 
East and West ends of the building are 
faced with stone ; the North side is of 
brick, with stone dressings. The Long 
Room is 190 feet \n Ifngth by 66 in 
width, and is divided by eight massive 
piers into three compartments, the cen- 
tre dome being the loftiest : it is venti- 
lated through each dome, and both ceil- 
ing and wall are tinted and drawn to- 
represent stone. Excepting, however, 
a little decoration on the former, no- 
thing like 'ornament is attempted in this 
spacious apartment. All the passages, 
lobbies, &c. are paved with stone, and 
groined in brickwork. On the ground, 
as on the one and two pair floors, the 
communication between the wings and 
the body of the house is divided by iton 
doors, which run on wheels in the middle 
of the walls, and are moved by a wind- 
lass; these doors are closed at night, 
and would effectually prevent the com- 
munication of fire beyond their bounda- 
ries. In addition to these salutary precau* 
tions, several fire-proof rooms have been 
constructed, where books and papers 
are deposited every evening, and re- 
moved every morning to the respective 
^offices. The entrances are >iumerous> 
but the two principal are facing Thames- 
street : they lead to hails not rem|ark<* 
ably spacious, and these again to the 
principal staircases, which, with a dou- 
ble flight of steps, conduct to lobbies 
placed at each end of the Long ^oom, 
where, desks are fixed for the conveni- 
ence of persons having occasion to fre- 
quent the establishment. These lobbies 
are Hghted by vertical lantern lights, of 
which the cielings are perforated in oc- 
tangular compartments, and glazed with 
stained glass. On viewing the whole of 
this edifice we feel but one regret, which 
is, that it could not have had the ad- 
vantage of a greater space of ground 
facing the river, for, like its sister build- 
ing in Dublin, it stands on the very 
edge of the water, whence only indeed 
it can be seen to , advantage. A wharf 
about 40 feet in width is now construct- 
ing, which, in addition to what already 
exists, will make on the whole a front- 
age of nearly 60 feet. 

It is a very curious result of some ex- 
periments which have been made upon, 
the River Thames, tfiat the water of the 
river, properly speaking, does not ac- 
tually flow into the sea, or mix with the 
sea-water, on the approach of the tide, 
but is absolutely carried up and down with* 
the turn of alternate tides, for an indefi- 
nite period. This is conjectured to be the 
real efficient cause of what is termed the- 
extreme softness of the Thames water. 

THEA- 



1817.] Pmnotioni and Pr^emenis.^-^Birthf, and Marriages. 1 77 

THEATRICAL RBOISTBR. lUr. J. Towiiley, ftmiwt R. Norfi»lk. 

New Pieces. Rev. G. Roof, LmfeftoQ R. Sofnenet. 

BaoiRH Opbka, Lycbom. Rev. F. S. Wall, Stoke St. Milbro^ ▼. 

Jidg 96. 7%c Whmrd^ or, the Bkmn Salop. 

Man ^ the Moot i ^ Melo-dramatic llo- Rer. Mr. WinDingtOD, diftoinapott* 

fnanoe, by Mr. Arnold ; the Mosick by Teame V. Herefordshire. 

Mr. Hvnu Rev. J. Sparrow, Hemlock R. Devon. 

HAVMAaKBT Theatab. Rev. John Davie*, Llanrhydian V. di^ 

Jufy 30. Ttesing made Easy; nCom»Af, morgaiiahire. 

"in three Acts, by Mr. Jameson; the Mu- ■■ 

cick by Mr. ^ifA(^. BIRTHS. 

■ ■ ^ May 29. At St. Helena, the wife of 

Gazbtts PaOMOTioMS. Rev. B. J. Vemoa, a daughter. 

Earl Bathuret. a Knight of the Garter. June 28. At Cliaon, Hon. Mrs. Ve- 

Mr. Planta, Under-Secretary of State reker, a son and heir. 

lor the Foreign Departmettt. July 7. Hon. Mrs. Peter Latouche, of 

■■ Dablio, a dau. — 15. The Duchess of Mo- 

CiviL Promotions. dena, of a Princess.— At Lacken, near 

Aug. 8. The Hon. and Right Rev. Brussels, Lady Thorlow, ajon. — 17. At 

Edward Lord Bishop of Oxford, admitted Whitwell House, Yoitshire, the wife of 

Waiden of All Souls College, vke Uham. Rev. Danson Richardson Currer, a son.— 

Rev. Thomas Silver, D. C. L. fellow of 20. At Shipton Court, co. Oxford, the ladj 

St John's College, Dr. RawliosiNi's Pro- of Sir Jobn Chandoi Reade, bart. a dau. 

iMtor of the Anglo-Saxon langoage, we —-21. At Burfor^, the wife of George 

Rev. Charles Dyson, M. A. felloir of Cor- Newmarch, esq. a son and heir.— 23. At the 

pas Christi College, who has vacated by a Priory near Dublin, Lady Manners, of a 

lapse of five years sinoe his election. son, stillborn. — 24. At the Earl of Bes- 

W. Coortenay, M. P. one of the Mas. borough*8» Roehampton, Lady Barbara 

|ers in Chancery, owe Steele, deceased. Ponsonby,adau. — 25.AtSouthorpeLodge, 

Hon. Mr. Eden (son of Lord Henley, Driffield, the wife of Richard Ddon, esq. 
and grandson of the: Lord ChaucellorNor* a son and heir. — 27. The lady of the 
thington) a Commissioner of Bankrupts, Hon« Lord Cringletie, a son. — ^29. In Aud- 
viV« Courlenay. ley-square, ^he wife of Lieut, -col. Brown- 
Mr. Shadwell, of the Chancery Bar, rigg, a son. 
Counsel to Queen Anne's Bounty, vice Lately,-^At her father's (the Earl o^ 
Court euay. Hardvricke), in St. James*s-square, Lady 

William Custance, esq. Receiver-gene- Carolioe Coc^s, a dau. — In Crawiord- 

ral of the Land Revenues for the Counties street, Mrs. Charles Bertrem, a son and 

of Cambridge, Northampton, and Lincoln, heir.—- At Canterbury, tbe wife of Captain 

Thomas Pemb.erton, esq. barrister at Campbell, 9ih Lancers, a dau.— At ^ils- 

law, Recorder of Wenlock. borough, the wife of the Archdeacon of 

W.A.A.Wbite, esq. one of the Magistrates Down, a dau. — At Southampton, the wife 

iai Queen-square Police-office, vice Plestow. of Capt. F. Thomas, R.N. a. son. — At 

;■ Dawlish, Hon. Mrs. Lysaght, a son. — At 

EccLBSiASTJCAL PBEFBRMENTS, Brignag^ CO. York, lion. Mrs. Kilving. 

Rev. G. F. Hoicombe, M. A. Brinkley ton, a son.T-At i^russe!^, Lady Charlotte 

R. CO. Cambridge, vice Cook, deceased. Goo^d, a dau. — At Geneva, Hon. M«. 

ReT. J. S. Pratt, Maxey V. co. Ijlor- Heneage, a daughter. 

thampton, vtc« Loftns, deceased. Augusts, At Pewsey, tbe wife of the 

Rev. Creasy Drew, B. A. East Winch y. Hon. and Rev. J. Pley/lell Bonverip, a 

Norfolk. son. — At Hendon, the wife of W. W. Pres- 

Kev. Benjamin Philpot, M. A. Walpole cott, esq. a dau. — 7. In Seymour- place. 

Perpetual Curacy, Suffolk. May-fair,thewife of James Alexander, esq. 

Rev. D. Lewis, Monington- upon- Wye M. P. a dau. — At Bowscar, Cumberland, 

R. CO. Hereford. tttb wife of Li6ut.<col. Youngson, of a son 

Rev. J. G. Ward, Chelmsford R. Essex, and heir. — 10. The wife of R. Mee Raikes, 

vice Morgan. esq.adau.— l].lnFin8bury-square,thewife 

Rev.T. Wartnaby, Knossington R. Leic. of Francis Desanges, esq. Sheriff elect for 

Rev. R. H. Langrishe, Donas R. London and Middlesex, a son. — In Upper 

Rev. T. Reeve, Roydon R. Suffolk, vice Wimpole-street, Jit. Hon, Lady Amelia 

Cautley. Sophia Boyce, a son. — 12. In St. James's- 

Rev. J. Llewellyn, of Llangathen V. square, the wife of John Thornton, esq. 

Caermartheushire. a dau. — 15. At Preshaw-house, Hants, Rt. 

Rev. W. Huutley, Eastington R. Glou- Hon. Lady Mary Long, a son. -».18. At 

cestershire. Hallww Park, Worcestershire, the lady of 

liev, C. Pui^h, Foxton V. co. Lvic. Samuel Wall, esq. a son. 

Gent. Mag. A'lgust, 1817, MAR- 

11 



17S Marriages of emment Persons. [Aug, 

MARRIAGES. 2d. Rev. Richard J. Meade, ton of 

Jan. 27. At Madras, Capt. John Thomas Meade, esq. of Chatley Lodge, 

Mayoe, of the East India Compaoy'9 ship Somerset, to Frances, fourth daughter of 

JBatavia, to Mrs. J. E. White, widow of the late George Aroold Arnold, esq. 

papt. J. White, Assistant Commissary- Frederick William Wollaston, esq. ol 

general on that establishment. Shentonhail, co. Leicester, to Lucy, only 

March 24. At Madras, Rev. W. A. daughter of the late Sir (L Strachey, bart. 

Keating, M.A. Chaplain to the garrison of Sutton -court, Somerset, 

of Fort St. George, to Margaret Wray, 31. The Duke of Saxe Cobourg, bro- 

third daughter of T. Lewis, esq. of Deau ther of Prince Leopold, to, the Princess 

Lo<)ge, Ealing, Middlesex. Louisa, of Saxe Gotha. 

June 9. At Malta, Captain Mainwar- At Canterbury, Rev. Henry Tomer 

Ing, 10th foot, Deputy Assistant Quarter- Drydeof to Elizabeth, third daa. of the 

master-gen. to Charlotte Murray, second late Rev. Julius Hutchinson, of Woodhall 

dau. of Rear Adm. Sir C. Penrose, K. C. B. Park, Herts. 

July 1. At Rome, at the Prussian Aiu- Lately. Vise. Ebrington, to Lady Susan 

bassador's Palace, M. Bunsen, to Frances, Ryder, eldest dau. of the Earl of Harrowby. 

eldest daughter of Benjamin Waddiogton, Maj. P. Lewis Grant, to Anne, dau. of 

esq. of LauoVer, co. Monmouth. George Puwney, esq. of Grosvenor-square. 

8. Henry Iveson, esq. of Blackbank, Capt. F. Colvill, 3d Guards, son of the 

CO. York, to Jessie, third dau. of Sir Archi- late R. Colvill, esq. of Newton-Colvill* 

baldGrant,bart. of Mony musk, Aberdeen. Cambridgeshire, to Mary, third dau. of 

1 7. W. J. Denne, esq. of Doctors Com- J. H. Leigh, esq. M . P. of Aldestrop, Glonc. 

inons, eldest son of k. Denne, esq. of At Gloucester, Msyor Evans, 33d Reg. 

Wincbelsea, to Mary Jane, daughter of to Frances, youoges^ daughter of the late 

Major Orme, of Fitzruy-square. James Halliwell, esq. of BrQomfield, Lane 

Rev. Richard Greaves, of Staiidish, co. At St. Omer's, Joseph Farrer, esq. 1 8th 

Lancaster, to Sophia, daughter of William Hussars, to Charlotte, youngest d^u. of 

Wilson, esq. of Worton- house, co. Oxford, the late General Burn. 

By special licence. Vise. Strangford, to At Jl^outsford, Rev. George Shiffneri 
Ellen, youngest daughter of the late Sir son of George Sbiffner, esq. M. P. to Eli- 
John Bourke, bart. and relict of Nicholas zabeth, eldest daughter of ReV. C. John* 
Browne, esq. of MonnlBazle, co. Gal way. son. Rector of Wilmslow, Cbeshife. 

GeorgeGreaves, esq. eldest son of G.B. At Thornton, near Skipton, Homb|r « 

Greaves, esq. of Page-hall, co. York, to Roughsedge, esq. of BenlhiTm-house, to 

Anna Maria Rooke, only daughter of Jos. M. E. Hodgson, grand-dau#of the Hon. R. 

Henley, esq. of Waterperry-bouse, Qxcn. Hetberington, President of Tortola, &c. 

21. Robert Gun, esq. of Mount Ken- At Limerick, John Wallace Hamilton, 
nedy, Wicklow, to Elizabeth, daughter to the Hon. Georgiaoa Vereker, youogett 
and sole heiress of A. H. Foulkes, esq. daughter of Vise. Gort. 

22. Thomas Wyatt, esq. son of C. At Tarbert, John Burke, esq. of Glin, 
Wyatt, esq. M.P. of Foley-bpuse, Port- and lateofTiermore,toMi8s Sjommervillet^ 
land-place, to Eli^a, only daughter of daughter of Mr. S. of the Royal ArtUler]|^ 
ilenry Coxwell, esq. of Millfield-house at Tarbert Island. 

near Highgate. Rev. Christopher Winter, Chaplain at 

At Bath, Major-gen. Sir John Buchan, the Presidency of Port Marlborough, Su- 

K. C. T. S. to Laura, only daughter of matra, to Mrs. Cro^lewaite, late o^ 

Col. Mark Wilks, of Kirby, Isle of Man. Cambridge, and widow of Rev. Joseph C. 

24. Goodenough Hayter, esq. of the -^ug. 2. At Ba^h, Horace Twias, of the 

Priory, Lewis bam, to Emma, eldest dau. Inner Temple, esq. Barrister-at-law, to 

of George philton, esq. of Chancery- lane. Anne Lawrentia, only da\igbter of Colonel 

William M*Leod Banhatyne, esq. of Serle, of Montague.place, &c« 

Bath, third son of the late Gen. Banuaty ne, Capt. Harrison, Royal Marine Artillery, 

to Miss Young, only child of Capt.Young. to Martha, eldest daughter of Robert Sep- 

At Leyton, Essex, Rev. N. Cotton, Rcc-" pings, esq. surveyor of the Navy. 

torof Thornby, to Charlotte, daughter of Robert Thompson, esq. of Maine, co. 

Joseph Cotton, esq. Deputy Master of the Louth, eldest son of Acheron Thompson, 

Trinity House. ' of Newry, co. Dowi^, to Frances Maria 

26. Capt. William Johnson Campbell, D'Anvers,of Spanish-place,Manche8ter-sq. 

to Anna Maria» only dau. of the late Sir F. 19. At Caddington, by the R«v. J. Lee* 

Vincent,bart. of Stoke d*Abernon, Surrey, worthy, the Rev. James Jenkins, B. A, 

At Madron, ' Cornwall, Capt. Giddy, of Harpenden, Herts, late of Sidney Col- 
li. N. to Miss Scobell, daughter of Rev. lege, Cambridge, to Emma, third dau. of 
George Pender Scobell, Vicar of Sancreed W. Thompson, esq. of Caddiugton, Herts, 
and St. Just. 23. Mf. William Thompson Turtle, 

28. John Ruxton, esq. 24th Lt. Drag. Surgeon, of Buntingford, Herts, to Fran- 

to Anna Maria, youngest daughter of Coj. ces, youngest daughter of Mr. Bonner, 

IPatrick Hay^ of Nutwood, Surrey. of Fleet-street. 

' ^ Madame 



" I 119 ] 

OBITUARY. - '- 

. MAiiAift bt Stabl H«£stiim. , foD, St Lambtf^ Thon|a% aad all liw 

IFrtm V* nir Day and thw TnUh**} teamed of Paris, who forioad Iht cirvlip 

Aiiiie»|/>ui8e-Gennaioe Necker was the of ber mother. Her taJents wero owItU 

daughter of James Neoker, a Swiss, whose vated« ber taste was modelled* the bma/L 

ftoancialoareereoDtribttted probably diore of. her miod was fiven, her opiaioos wfiim 

thao any other cause to accomplish ibe confirmed ; io short, her intelleot ji^ 

overthrow of the Freoch moDarch, and .of fonned in this school ; and the phikM<4idif 

Sotao Core^od, of whom we knew BtUe then prevalent io France, too often €0%- 

tiil the bcoMe the wife of Necker, except cealing dark principlei under brilliaak 

that she was the daughter of a Protesjtaot wit» and lapsing fioin the light of reaao^ 

Clergyman in Switaerland, admired by into the perplexities of abstract metaphf- 

Gibbod doriog his residence in that conn- .sics, ' became the dominating priodpla m 

try. and sit one time a governess .in the her nature, and ipiparted the tone to all 

mnily of Be Vermenoox. Anne-Lduise her writings and lira. As love of chaage 

waa*l>orn at Paris in the year 1766, and, and ambition were the ruling pasaioas of 

displaying what her pareiits might well her fsther, so were sentimental rafioo- 

considbr to be precocity of talent, was meut add metaphysical confosion the bf^ 

educated entirely under their immediate setting, sins of ber more amiable par«nt| 

inspection. The incipient fame of her fa- lind -a disorgauiiiog, experimental phiiOf> 

tber scem^ to have grown with her groirth; iopht, was the object of inquiry w^ 

and she most have been about 19 years oif nearly all those associated with lUr 

ago, wheti, io contequence of his Eulogy «* young idea" and *' tender thought*' 

bo Colbert (for which he was crownad b^ To these sources may be traced aloMMt 

(be Academy), and other publicatioos, ever^ feature which marks the faculUasi 

be was- raised to the office )Qf Director of or dutioguisbes the writiqgs, of Madama 

the Fmances. Necker, though of humblo de Suel. The events of the Revolutism 

birth, being the son Of a tutor iii the col- only drew them forth ; they were ioi- 

iege of Geneva, had previously realized a plaiited ere it commenced* 

laige fortuoe as a partoer in the Parisian JMademoiselle Necker was little mom 

banking-house of Tellosson and Co. in than 14 years of age when, in pursuit' of 

arhich he originally set out as a clerk, his ambitious projects, her father pub« 

His success as a private individual wai lished the memorable *' Account rendered 

taken as an augury of success as a public to the King of bis Administration/' whiob 

minister, which was miserably ditap- created so strong a sensation throughout 

pointed by the result. It is unnecessary France, and led to the resignation of the 

to follow the fortune of the father through author's official situation io 1781. He 

the fluctuations of bis ministerial life; then retired to Coptt, a barony in SwiC^ 

DOW dismissed, and now recalled; now zerlaod, which he bad purchased; and 

the staunch advocate for royalty, and six years elapsed before he re -appeared, 

now the friend of the people^ now " the permanently, on the public stage at Pa- 

mdored Mimsler,*^ and now the abhorred ris. In 1 787 we find him in that capital 

peculator; now borne in triumph from attacking Calonne; and the years 178S 

Basle to Paris on the shoulders of an eu- and 1789 coostituie the sbra which so iattf 

thusiastic nation, and now flyiog from mately connected his history with the de^ti- 

Paris to Geneva amid the curses of an eu- nies of France, and the annals of Europe* 

raged populace. These things were com- It was during one of the occasional visits 

mon in France I Neither does it enter of the Necker family to Paris, prior to 

into our design to dwell upon the literary 1787, that Eric Magnus, Baron de Suel, 

attainments of the mother, her charities, by birth a Swede, was introduced to their 

and philanthropy. Suffice it to record, acquaintance by Count de Creutz, tho 

that while Necker published political Swedish Ambassador. He was young 

pamphlets, views of finance, and state- and handsome, and succeeded in pleasing 

ments of administratiou, his spouse was Mademoiselle Necker, who consented to 

no less devoted to works of benevolence ; become his wife. Count de Creuiz was 

as is honourably testified by her *' Essay shortly after recalled to Stockholm to be 

on precipitate Burials," "Observations on placed at the head of the Foreign Depart- 

the Founding of Hospitals,",and"Ti)oughis ment, and Baroo de Stael was appointed 

on Divorce." his successor. Thus dignified, and with 

Our only reason for touching on the the fuither recommendation of being a 
progenitors of Mademoiselle Necker, is Protestant, his marriage was not delayed; 
to account for her early predil^jction for and the rich heiress, to the chagrin of 
literary pursuits. She was educated for many French suitors, became Baroness 
an Author. Her first perceptions were de Stael Holstein. We believe, however, 
directed to Science and Literature. Her that ibis union did not prove to be one of 
infant ideas were associated with the the most felicitous. The lady was weal- 
intelligence of Marmontel, Dideiot, Buf- thy, young, and though not handsome, 

agree* 



180 



Memoir of Madame De Stael Holstein. 



[Aag. 



nereeable and attractive^ she was rather 
under the middle tiae, yet graceful in her 
deportment and manners'; her eyes were 
brilliant and ezpressiTe, and the whole 
character of her countenance betokened 
acoteness of intellect, and talent beyond 
the common order. But she inherited 
to the utmost particle from her father his 
restless passion for distinction ; and de- 
rived from the society in which she had 
lived not a little of that pedantry and phi- 
losophical jargon which was their foible 
and bane. Aiming more at literary fame 
than at domestic happiness, she was neg- 
ligent in dress, and laboured in conversa- 
tion ; more greedy of applause from a co- 
terie, than solicitous about a husband's 
regard ; more anxious to play " Shr Ora- 
cle*' in public, than to fulfil the sweet du- 
ties of woman in private; the wife was 
cold, and the blue stocking ardent; she 
spoke in apophthegms to admiring fashion, 
but delighted no husband with the charms 
of affectionate conversation; to be bril- 
liant was preferred to being beloved ; and. 
to produce an effect upon the many was 
aacrificed the higher enjoyment of being 
adored by the few. The Baron de Stael 
was a man, on the contrary, of remarkable 
simplicity of habit and singleness of heart. 
The opposite nature of their dispositions 
could not fail f^oon to affect connubial 
harmony ; and though four children were 
the issue of this marriage, and what are 
aalled public appearances were maintained 
till the death of the Baron, it is generally 
understood that there was little of com- 
munication between him^nd his lady be- 
yond the legal ties of their state. 

In August 1787, Madame de Stael was 
delivered of her first daughter, and imme- 
diately after accompanied her father in 
bis exile, which was of short duration. 
Her other children were two sons and a 
daughter. Two only survive her. One of 
ber sons lost his life in a duel. 

The year 1789 is designated as the 
epoch at which Madame de Stael em- 
barked upon the stormy sea of Literature, 
by the publication of her " Letters on the 
Writings and Character of J. J. Rous- 
seau.'* But previous to this period she 
was well known to the Parisian world by 
the composition of several slight dramatic 
pieces, which weie performed by private 
amateurs ; by three short novels pub- 
lished afterwards, 1793, at Lausanne; 
and by a tragedy founded on the story of 
Lady Jane Grey, which obtained consi- 
derable circulation among her friends and 
admirers. Her reputatiou was therefore 
no secret when her first public appeal was 
made. Tlie letters on Rousseau met with 
great succeiis; and the budding fame of 
the writer was attended with all the eclat 
usual among our continental neighbours. 
This triumph was, however, abridged aud 



embittered .by the critical and rapid ad- 
vance of the RevolatioD. On the IJth 
of July M. Necker was involvedl more dee- 
perately in its vortex. While leated at 
dinner with a party of friends, the Secre- 
tary of State for the Naval Department 
waited upon him to intimate bis banisb- 
mentfrom the territory of Prance. Ma- 
dame de Stael, whose whole life baa been 
erratic, accompanied ber parents in their 
hurried exile. A new political tnm re- 
called them by the time they reached 
Frankfort, and Necker was once more t«- 
instated in the administration, in which 
be remained fifteen months, and was then 
driven from office for ever to the retire- 
ment of Copet, where be died on the 9th 
of April, 1804. 

Madame de Stael, wbo had gone to 
Copet in 1790, returned in the foOowing 
year to Paris, and took an active part in 
tbc^ intrigues of that eventful period. ' At 
this time she formed or matured tntima- 
cies with Talleyrand, Sleyes, La Fajrette, 
Narbonne, the nngrateful Lameths, Bar- 
nave, Vergniaud, and other characten 
distinguished for the parts they played in 
the Constituent, Legislative, and other 
bodies, whose operations n<mrisbed the 
germ of Discontent into the tree of Liberty. 
As the wife of an ambassador she was 
protecjied from the first violent shocks of 
revolution ; but the bloody aseendauey of 
Robespierre rendered all protection vain, 
and in 1793 the Baron «id Baroness de 
Stael found it expedient to fly together to 
Copet. The Duke of Sudermania, Regent 
of Sweden, having acknowledged the Re- 
publick, Mons. de Stael was appointed 
ambassador, and in 1795 retnmed with 
his lady to Paris. .About this date she 
published ber <* Thoughts on Feace, ad- 
dressed to Mr. Pitt ;" and b believed to 
. have exercised a powerful iu&oence over 
the manoeuvres which distracted the Go- 
vernments of several ensuing years, espe- 
cially as connected with the Directory. 
Legendre, the butcher, who, on the 92d 
of June, 1795, began to declaim against 
the *' spirit of moderation" which he said 
was gaining ground, more than once de- 
nounced Madame de Stael and her party, 
as directing the political intrigues of that 
time. 

A domestic calamity varied the public 
tenor of her existence. She was sum- 
moned to attend the death-bed of ber mo- 
ther, to soothe whose affliaion, it is 
stated, she was playing on a musical in- 
strument a few moments only before she 
expired. On this melancholy occasion 
Madame de Stael flew to her pen for con- 
solation; a resource to which she appears 
always to have applied when pressed by 
care or grief, or smarting under the 
charges which party did nut fail to heap 
upju her, or soured by the animadrer- 

sions 



1SI7-3 



Memoir of Madame De Suel Holstein. 



181 



ftiom of criticki» to which she was uncoiti- 
DMHily fensitiTe. At Lausanne she com* 
poa^ the finfc p»rt of the Essay *< On the 
lafluence of the Passiona upon the Happi- 
Beta of Individoals and Nations,'* which 
waa pubtiahed at Paris in 1796, and the 
aecood part ia 179'?.— This production is 
rackooed one of her best, and was trans- 
lated io 1798 into English; a language in 
which the writer was well versed, as, in- 
4etd» she was in En^ish Literature gene- 
rattj, Car ^eyond the usual acquirements 
of a foreigner. 

Madame de Stael was with her father 
wlwn tho Freocb troops invaded Switzer- 
land i and though he had been placed on 
the Emigrant list by Robespierre, and 
oooaequently exposed to death wherever 
the troops came, his daughter's influence 
with the Directory was sufficient to secure 
}umt not only safety, but respect, and 
the eraanre of his name from this sangui- 
nary roll. She then returned to Paris and 
to har husband ; but in a few months, c^i- 
tbtr tired by the persecutions to which 
abe waa exposed, or prompted by some 
other motivey hastened back to the re- 
poae of Copet. In 1798 the dangerous 
illness of the Baron de Stael recalled her 
to Paris, where she receired his last sigh, 
and soon left the Metropolis for Switzer- 
hmd. After this period she published an 
caaay ** On the Influence of Literature 
upon Society," which may be considered 
aa a continuation of the two last-men- 
tioned works. In 1800, Buonaparte, in 
passing through Geneva, bad the curio- 
sity to visit M. Necker; and, according to 
rumour, Madame de Stael took this op- 
portunity to read him a long dissertation 
on the course he ought to pursue for the 
prosperity of France. The First Consul, 
it is added, who did not relish the political 
plans of ladies, listened to her very pa- 
tiently, and in the end coolly inquired, 
'* who educated her children ?" 

The well-known novel of ** Delphine," 
written during this retirement, was printed 
at Geneva in 1802, and excited great at- 
tention in England, France, and Ger- 
many, where it has been translated, at- 
tacked, criticised, and praised, according 
to the humour of the parties. The author 
published a defence of her Work. 

In 1803 she revisited Paris, and formed 
that connexion with M. Benjamin Con- 
stant, a Swiss of considerable literary at- 
tainments, which lasted to the day of her 
death. Whether for past or present of- 
fences is not easy to tell, but Napoleon 
was not »low in banishing her to the dis- 
tance of 40 leagues from the capital. Re- 
port says that on this occasion the Lidy 
told him : " You are giving me a cruel 
celebrity; I shall occupy a line in your 
history." This sentence is so ambiguous 
that we shall not venture to pronounce 



whether it iraa a defianoa or a compfimeMt. 
Madame de Stael first wtat to Anxerre, 
which ahe left for Roucn» and with an io- 
teution to settle in the Talley of Mootiao* 
rency, in search, as she gave out, of more 
agreeable Society. But Rouen and Moot* 
morency were within the 40 leaguei ; aad 
Buonaparte was oot accustomed to hate 
his prohibitions infringed upon. She was 
ordered to withdraw, and, io company 
with her daughter, and proteotor, M. 
Constant, journeyed to Frankfort, and 
thence to Prussia, where she applied her* 
self to .the coltivatiou of German Litefa-^ 
ture. From Berlin, In 1804» she haa* 
tened to Copet, on roceiving intelligcaco 
of her father's danger; but bo died beforo 
she reached^ the place. A mnrtality ia 
her family invariably consigned our sub- 
ject to the occupation of the study. At 
Geneva, in the year 1805, issued the 
« Manuscripts of M. Necker, published 
by his daughter.'' 

Still further to divert her mind, abe 
next travelled into Italy, and collected 
materials for, perhaps, her most oelo« 
brated wotk, ** Corinna, or Italy," which 
has been translated into many Ungoagoi. 
Having returned to Geneva, Madame de 
Stael amused h<>rself with appearing upon 
the stage in 1806, and performed in tra* 
gedy with considerable skill. There it a 
drama from her pen called *< Secret Sen- 
timent'' She has also given to the world 
a work entitled ** Germany," embodying 
her observations on that country. It bat 
provoked some controversy. — <* Letters 
and Reflections of the Prince de Ligne," 
in two volumes ; an " Essay on Suicide," 
and several minor publications, as well aa 
many contributions to the periodical press 
in Geneva, Paris, and elsewhere, com* 
picte the catalogue of her productions. 

Madame de Stael has twice visited Eng- 
land, formerly during the revolutionary 
conflict, when she resided in a small Go- 
thic house at Richmond, which is visible 
from the river above the bridge; and 
again about three years ago. During her 
stay in London she was much courted by 
persons of the highest rank, and of all 
parties. Some of her bon mots are in cir- 
culation; but we neither can vouch for 
their authenticity, nor have we left our- 
selves space for their repetition. 

The party io France with which she was 
most intimately connected at the time of 
her decease, is that known by the name 
of tbe ** Constitulionnel." The Mercure, 
we have reason to believe, recorded the 
latest of her opinions, and the last tracings 
of her prolific pen. 

We refrain tniirely from discussing the 
merits or demerits of her life and writings. 
These ments assuredly raise her to a fore- 
most rank among the female authors of 
our a^e; and these d^fmeritf, whether 

sprjuj^ing 



1 82 Duke e/*Korthumter1and. — Revi t)r. Goodinge. [Ang. 



flpringinf from •* susceptibility of being 
misled," as urged by her father, from the 
pernicious iDCuications of modem philo- 
sophy, or from But we will nut pro- 
ceed ; her earthly account is jusl closed, 
and her frailties, with her sorrows, alike 
repose in trembling hope, awaiting the 
decision of an immortal tribunah 



The Duke ot Noethumbirland (i*ep, 83.) 

His Grace early adopted the military 
profession, and served under Prince Fer- 
dinand of Brunswick in the Seven Years 
war. On the commencement of hostilities 
between the mother country and her co- 
lonies, he was sent to America, where be 
commanded at the battle of Lexmgton in 
1775, and essentially contributed, in No- 
vember of the following year, to the re- 
duction of Fort Washington near New 
York. Soon after his return to England 
this Nobleman was fixed upon as a fit 
person to be placed at thfe head of the 
commission appointed to negociate with 
the Colonies ; but this service he is said 
to have declined, because the ministers 
refused his application for one of the blue 
ribbands which then happened to be va- 
cant. After this he for some time repre- 
sented the city of Westminster in Parlia- 
ment, till, on the demise of his father in 
1786, be succeeded to the family honours 
and estates. His Grace has not since 
been actively engaged in public affairs. 
A state of ill health has more than once 
induced him to seek relief in the more ge- 
nial climate of Lisbon \ and for the last 
SO years he has been a martyr to the gout. 
His time and attention have been chiefly 
employed in continuing and completing 
the improvements begun by his father in 
the princely mansions of Northumberland 
House, Siun House, and Alnwick Castle 
in Northumberland, where, on his ezti?n* 
sive domains, upwards of a Oiillion of tim- 
ber and other trees were annually planted 
for many successive years. The large in- 
come of his Grace, estimated at not less 
than 80,000/. per annum, was expended 
in these useful pursuits, and in keeping 
up the antient feudal splendour in the 
castle of the Percies. During the late 
war with France he raised, from among his 
tenantry in the county from which he de- 
rived his title, a corps of 1500 men, un- 
der the denomination of the Percy Yeo- 
manry, the whole being clothed, ap- 
pointed, paid, and maintained by him- 
self; Government finding arms and ac- 
coutrements alone. To his tenants he 
was a most excellent landlord ; and the 
monument just erected by them in honour 
of him, will transmit to posterity the me- 
mory of his kindness and indulgence, and 
of their gratitude. One custom which he 
introduced among them cannot b« too 



highly praised or too extensively imitated ; 
it was that of providing for the industrious 
hinds of every large farm, by giving tbt^m 
a cottage and ten acres of land, which 
proves an encouragement to labonrin youth/ 
and a security against want in old age.—* 
In ready money his Grace waS for many 
years considered the most wealthy man 
in England ; which he ofleii employed ia 
rescuing industrious families from ruin. 

His Grace has left a will eze<mted in 
1809, and proved in Doctottf* Commons 
by the present Duke, who is joint execu- 
tor with the Duchess Dowager; and by 
which he leaves 20,000/. to each of his ju- 
nior children, independent of what they 
may derive under his Grace's tnarriage set- 
tlement The estate of Stanwick is bis- 
queathed to his second son, now Lord 
Prudhoe, chargeable with 2000/. a year to 
the Duchess Dowager, exclusively of any 
other jointure. The personal property ia 
sworn to as under 700,000/. *i which, it is 
believed, is the largest amount of that 
description known since the imposition of 
the existing duties. The next in aOBoniit 
was the late Duke of Norfolk's. 



Rkv. T. Goooim«b, LL.D. 

Vol. LXXXVI. II. p. 94. The present 
article should have appeared many months 
ago. Dr. Goodinge ought not to have 
sunk into his grave without some record. 
But many who were indebted to him for 
their education will, even now, be glad ta 
peruse a few brief memorials of their able 
and learned preceptor. He was bom in 
or about 1746, and, as is believed, \tk 
London, where bis father ^ praptised as a 
barrister, but removed to Gloucester in 
1752, and this, his only sop, received fiis 
oducation at the College school there, hi 
April 1763 he became a resident member 
of Trinity College, Oxford, where he cbn- 
tinued till January 1765, when, *'atth« 
sadly too early age of 19," as he ex- 
presses it, in some memoranda which he 
left behind him, he became assistant to 
the Rev. Mr. Townshend, in the College 
school of Salisbury. He quitted this si- 
tuation in the following November, and 
resided with his mother at Gloucester till 
the beginning of 1768, when he was ap- 
pointed head master of the College school, 
Worcester, which he raised, from a very 
declining condition, to great respectabi- 
lity. In 1769 he took the degree of 
B. A. and was ordained deacon by Bishop 
Johnson. ' In December 1771 he became 
rector of Bredicot, co. Worcester, on the 
presentation of the dean and chapter. 
In December 1773, he married Miss 

"^ The Rev. Wallinger Goodinge, vicar 
of Slratton St« Margaret, co. Wilts, was 
elder brother of the Doctor's father. 

Maria 



1817,] Sen, ZJr. Goodinge. — Ohiuaty-, with Anecdotes, 183 

Maria IJnle, a iFrf amMhl? *nman, DEATHS, 
djughieror Rol>ert H»le, osq. of Mary. 1816, A T Slirling, aged 84, llie Rev. 
iB-boQc. In mj lie tffignrd h'mUuaiion ^prU 18. James Milnei, (ormBrly thap- 
it H'arcpstpr.,iiud lemoied lu Lheueish- lain Id the !23tb and BTih rrgimFnii la 
tnurinjc Tillage of Severe, nhere lie open- OBrminy, during the -Seven Years' War, 
ed a (irivaie acadeioy with great lucceM, and nfterwarda many jieari minisler of 
hiiiiig ondtr hii care Ihe noot of moit of Ihe Diileoling congregatiun at Sandvicb 
(bo principal genirr of tbat couniy. In in Keol. 

mS he became M. A. and LL.D, Ihe Stpl. 2. At Balnvia, Capt. Jiiin Walt,, 

fnnnef at Canibndgp. the latter at Ox- whii wh> on ihe eve aF h'li return to Bri- 

foid. .In the fallowing year, having been lain. And on the ]5l)i Aptil follnwine, 
appninled liead mafler of 
icbool, Leedi (vhich he als 

1 KtalR of E'caL depreaiion lo very conai- tnrn-home. 
ilnalile rrpnle), he removed Ihiiber. In Sept. \6. In a hurricane, on hie pai- 

June 178B he took possession of the rec- lape from St. Barlholomeq'a lo Orenada, 

wy of Hmtoo, co. Sumarset, lo which in hi* 3ad year, M r. Jamei WI.e. of Si. 

be had been preaemcd by a relalioo U Croix, eldetc too of Mr. J. B. Wise, of 

y<ar* befoTC, but from ohiuh he had Maidenhead Thicket- 
been hiihertu excluded by a »n it concern- M>d. 10. I'l a calm aeclniion from Iha 

lag 'he advuviDiu In January 1769, on buay world, in tbe pleasant bainlet of 

the lUnlh of the truly excelleoL Dr.Adama, Woodlide, Caddiagton. BedforJabire, aged 

of Pemnroii'^ College, he ns pieiented 16, Mrs. Anne Wilkini, relic' of Mr. 

to 'Iu9 valuable reciory of Conttde, eo, FraaeiiW.wba bid for many yean vi'.ry 

Sakip : vb'iGupnn he rcugned Ihe auhool regularly oucupied a consldemble firm 

of l^eAi, and aiier attempting to reiide called Farley iu that neigbbourbood, and 

on his living, froDi which be «as much who died April S, 18U9, aged 77. Mti. 

unfitted by hii previooa habiti, became, Wilkina vai a woman of superior intel- 

for the remainder of his days, an inha- leclj a good oifs, an afitfctionale mother, 

bitant (and while he eiijoy»l bis health, and a cardial friend j and poiceaaed, at 

one whr- adJfd mitcli lo iU locietv) of she well deierved, the tincere esteem of 

i^ 9bfe«»bury, within a few those who ooulil belt apprer"'- ' 



roilfs of bis 


living, the seiviee of <hich 


nuine worth. 


he rarely in! 


.I'rmiUed, as long at he was 


Dfc. 95. At Knrnaul. C-iraet Kenry St. 


able^i. perr.. 


rra ii. lo September ISIO, 


Hill White, of the 2d regiioeHl of Native 




fe, by a lingerini! and cruel 


Cavalry. 


disease: am 


I followed her to tbe grave 


1817, Jan. 19. At CalcutU, WilliaiB 


July 17, IBIi 


5, 


Myers, esq. 


■ Dr. G. was 


a man of accurate and *a- 


J<m. 28. At Mangaiore, LieuL W. J, 


fled inroimul 


ion, which be knew -ell haw 




to commuoic 


ate : admirably versed iu the 


Native Infaotry. 


claaaicka, pr. 


>roundly skilled iu the Greek 


Jat,. 31. AC Calcutta, aged 26, R. D. 


tongue, and. 


not less so in biblical liiera- 


Cailell, F<q. aisistant assay master in the 


tore. His V 


aluable library of Eiegetical 


Calcutta Hioi. 


Divinity was 


sold by Mr. Solhehy last 


Feb. 38. At Madras, in his 45ih year. 


spring: bi» 




of water on the che.t, Lieot.-eol. William 


tioo wasdijpi 


Dsed of some yearK before hii 


Uwis, of the 9J Native Cavalry, after ■ 


death. He 


had made considerable \iTo- 


service o[ 35 years.— He was eldest son of 


grctt in a tri 


inslalionof Lycophron, with 


tbe lale celebrated W. T. Lewis, esq. for- 


a Com menu 


iry on that obscure writer. 


nierly of Covent Garden Theatre. 

May 36. At Rio Janeiro, Thomas Sio- 


which is still 


extant in MS. ; but he laid 


aside this art 


liious undertaking, for which 


monds, esq. 


be was eice 


lleolly QualifiH, on the ap- 


Mag 28. At Si. Croix, aged 58, C«pt. 


peatanceofMr. Meen'spnblication*, Dr, 


Hallhew Stoihard. 






June a. James Heddon, esq. late Ven. 




nd when his eyes failed, as 


due Master of the Island of Tobago. 


they began t 


o do about ten years before 


June 5. At Kingston, Jamaica, Ro. 


bis decease. 


■as enabled, by a very co- 


bert Smart, esq. 


pious and we 


:ll'arranged mind, to address 


June !). At the Bay of Honduras, Mr.. 


bis congregal 


:ioD, greatly 10 (heir satiiFac- 


George Lenox, formerly nf Liverpool. 


tion, with 01 


it notes. Hi> conversaiion 


June 14. Agei 25, Anna HarrielU. 


derived muc 




eldest daughter of James tiraham, caq. of 


peculiarity o 


.1 manner, wbich will belong 


Richardby, near Carlisle. 




by thoie who enjoyed bis 


June 13. At Caml^ray, in her 43d 


acqiiaintanci 




year, Snsanna. daughter of Ihe late Wm. 



184 Obituary: with Anecdotes of remarkable Persons. [Aug, 

valry. This lady accompanied her has- mily, perhaps, ever produced tor many 

band in all the various and different remarkable instances of longevity, 

countries in which he had been employed July 15. At Shrewnbory, Sasan, wife 

on service wiib his regiment, from the of Robert Waring; Oarwin» M. D. and eU 

commencement of the French Revolution dest daughter of the late Josiah Wedg- 

to the end of the Peninsular War in 1814. wood, esq. of Etruria, co. Stafford. 

June2\. In consequence of a fall July li, Robert Crowe, gen. esq.—* Fn 

from his horse, aged 25, James Futten, 1797, Mr. Crowe was elected M. P. for 

esq. of Lisburn, Ireland. the Borough of Philipstown, under the pa- 

June 22. At the house of John Steel, tronage of an exalted Nobleman ; but, 

esq. Kingston, Jamaica, Richard Savage finding his patron an advocate for the 

Thornton Munkhouse, eldest son of the Union, he vacated his seat. In early life 

late Rev. Dr. M. Vicar of Wakefteld. he was the intimate companion of the Rt. 

In his 20th year, Wilham Hampden, Hon. Charles James Fox. 

son of Mr. William Pilling, of Mitfield. July \S, At Kensington, aged 67, T. 

He resided at Wakefield, and had gone F. Halford, esq. late of Richmond, 

with some of his companions to bathe in At Winchester, Miss Jane Austen, 

the river, when, having advanced a few youngest daughter of Rer. George Aus- 

steps into the water, he unfortunately ten. Rector of Steventon, Hants, autho- 

slipped into a deep place, and sunk. His ress of " Emma," '* Mansfield Park,** 

elderbrotbermet a like fatesome years ago. '* Pride and Prejudice,'* and <* Sense and 

June 23. Aged 73, Mrs. Liversege, of Sensibility.'* 

Thornhill Lees. July 19. At the Glebe House, Kilmore, 

June 28. At the Parsonage, Kirk- dtoceseof Armagh, Richard Bourne, A. M. 

Hammerton, Rev. J. T. Nicolson, resident Rector of that parish, and many years 

Curate of that parish. minister of St. Werburgh's, Dublin. 

June 30. At his lodgings in Bull-street, At Paris, M. Bfderman, a nierchant, 
Birmingham, in his 85th year, Mr. Tho- whose name is well known in the com- 
mas Richards, Drawing-master. He was mercia] world by his large and ba^ardoiik 
brought up to enamel- painting, which he speculations. 

followed many years with great credit. July 20. In his 84tb year, Mr. Robert 

Being esteemed a good draughtsman, he Willes, of Chelsham-Conrt, Surrey. ' - 

was solicited to instruct some young 'gen- July 23. Edward Anwyj, esq. of Bry- 

tlemen in the Art of Drawing, as private nadda, Clerk of the Peace of the county 

pupils; this led him soon afterwards to of Merioneth. 

adopt teaching Drawing as his profession. At Bath, Elizabeth, widow of the late 

which he practised till the time of his Robert Macky, esq. formerly of Marden, 

death. He was a cheerful pleasant com- Herts. 

>anion, and having read much, and, in At Eyton, Salop, Elizabeth, wife of 

80 long a life, conversed with men eminent Thomas Eyton, esq. and daughter of the 

in science and literature, he had accu< late Major- gen. D. Campbell, of the East 

mulated a large fund of anecdote and India Company's service, 

information. At Boulogne sur Mer, aged 16, wi^ilst 

At Madeira (where he had gone on ac- bathing, in the presence of his school coni- 

couut of ill health, occasioned by the panions and the Usher, the eldest fon of 

wounds which he received while in com- Mr. C. Howard, of Sutton Farm, near York, 

mand of the Avon), Capt. the Hon. James July 24. At his apartoients in Earl- 

Arbuthnot, R. N. street. Red Lion-square, Mr. Alexander 

June ... At Morant Bay, Jamaica, Mr. M*Laurio, Commander of the ^ip Tobago. 

Hill, the once celebrated singer at Covent- At Hodsack Priory, Yorkshire, Lieut.- 

Garden, and other Metropolitan Theatres, col. Mellish, equerry to the Prince Re- 

July S, At Edinburgh, Alexander, son gent; a gentleman of great celebrity on 

of Captain Watson, R. N. the turf. The remains of this well-known 

Aged 74, Martha, wife of Rich. Routh, gentleman were interred at the village of 

of Manchester ; a woman of distinguished BIythe, the place of his former residence, 

piety, and for many years a Minister All his valuable breed of dogs, horses, 

among the Quakers ; in which service she and cattle, are to be sold ; and his house 

had travelled much, both in this country at Hodsaci^ Priory to be let. "^ 

and America. Jhily 25. At Ewood-hall, near Halifax, 

July 13. At Edinburgh, David, youngest aged 78, Rev. John Fawcett, D. D. 

son of Capt. Watson, R. N. At Chichester, the wife of Dr. Parson, 

July l^. Near Wolviston, Durham, of Doctors Commons. * 

aged 104, Mrs. Mary Stephenson, widow July 26. Grace Jane, youngest daugh- 

of the late B.Stephenson. The mother ter of Alexander Boswell, esq. ofAuchtn- 

of the deceased died at the age of 108, a ieck, M. Pk 

sister at 107, another sister at 105, and George Whitehead, esq. of Weston- 

a brother at the age of 97. No other fa- house^ near Bath. 

Rev. 



1 8 17. ] ObUnary ; wtih Jtwd^es qfrmarkahk Permms. 1 85 



tLew» Robert Roberts, M. A. Vicar of 
Uanrbimdr, io tbe Vale of Clwyd, North 
Wales; a oiost friendly goc{d mao. 

Juig 27. At Heytesbury-house, io his 
70ib year. Sir Wm.-Peiroe.Asbe A'Coart, 
bart. Sir William was many years io tbe 
army, and in tbe last war was Lieat.>col. 
of the 2d regiment of Wiltshire miliUa. 
Be vas elected M.f. for Heytesbnry, in 
the room of bis father; re-elected in 1784 
and 17^ ; soon after which be retired from 
•Parliament; but was Again elected in 1806. 
He married. 1. Catharine, daughter of 
Lieat.-col. John Bfadford, by whom he 
had no issue ; 2. Letitia, daughter of Henry 
Wyiidham» of Salisbury, (>8q. by whom be 
had issue, Witiiam, Envoy Extraordinary 
at Palermo (who succeeds to the title) ; 
Charles Ashe, CapU 31st foot; and five 
daughters. 

At Lamer, Ht^rts, aged 62, C. D. Gar- 
rard, esq. 

At Brussels, in bis €2d year, ^r. John 
Deoie, formerly of.Batii. 

Jklg 28. Samu^^l Bulkeley Hatchett, 
esq. second son of Bulkeley Hatchett, esq. 
of Ellesmere. 

At Ciontarf, oear Dublin, Mrs. Norris, 
«IHest daughter of Mrs« Kirchoffer, of Ru8« 
sell-place, aod authoress of several inte- 
reatiog novels. 

At Glasgow, Mjts. Helen Scott, wife of 
J}Tm Rutherford, late minister of Muirkirk. 

•/tf/y 29. At Higham Hiils, Waltham- 
stoWf in his 79th year, John Harman, esq. 

Aged 87, John Swain, esq. of Upper 
JMitcham. 

In her 80th year, Mrs. Elizabeth Vi- 
gor!«, relict of Lieut.- gen. Urban Vigors, 

m/uli/ 30. At Walworth, aged 23, Miss 
Mary Gilbert. 

la Vi'liers-street, in his 79lh year, Ma- 
jor Shairp, late of the Royal Marines. 

At Slonedean, Bucks, Mrs. Molloy, re- 
lict pf the late Charles Molloy, esq. of 
8lQnedeao. 

At Exeter, aged 75, William Todd, esq. 
formerly of the South Se^ House. 

At ibe bouse of Dr. Whaley, his bro- 
ther-in-law, at Ripon, aged about 33, An- 
drew Boutflower, M. D. late of Hull. — 
During tbe three or four years which he 
practised at that place he mAiiifested such 
a degree of medical i^kill, and such warm 
solicitude for the welfare of his patienti*, 
however humble their situation in life, 
«nd whether private patients or those of 
the Dispensary (of which he was one of 
tbe original and most ajjtive promoters, 
and for jiome time the only Physician,) as 
could not fail lo excite a more than com- 
mon feeling in hi.s favour, even among 
those who were not personally inleresled 
in biM behalf. Seldom has any member 
of a profi'Sition, eminent for numbering in 
its ranks men of thn most active and dis- 
interested benevolence, go::e to the grave 

(■B2fT. Mag. August, 1817, 



more sincerely esteemed and deeply re* 
gretted by all who had the happniefs of 
bis acquaintance. Tbe brilllfincy of hie 
conversational powers, and the extent of 
his general knowledge^ although of no or* 
dinary nature, were for less estimable tbatt 
the kindness of heart, the unfeigned be- 
nevolence, tbe truly Christian feeling, by 
which be was actuated on all occasiotf. 
His removal from this earthly scene at so 
early an age, and in the midst of a career 
of extensive usefulness, is one of those im- 
pressive and mysterious instances of the 
conduct of Divine Providence, which, bow- 
ever incomprehensible, lead those to '* re- 
verence and adore," who, like the deceased, 
receive with humility the light, and em* 
brace with faith the doctrines of Revelation. 

Ju/t/ 31. In Upper Brook-street, Ben- 
jamin Hall, esq. of Hensoi Castle, M. P. 
for the county of Glamorgan. 

At Pimlico, aged 27, Mr. C. Bassel;^ 
royal military surveyor, &c. 

Mrs. Tempest, of Little Grove, East 
Barnet, widow of the late J. Tempest, 
esq. of Winyard, Durham, M.P. 

At Cheltenham, James Steers, esq. of 
Bernard- street, Russell-square. 

Mr. Watts, a riding officer at Rotting- 
dean. — He shot himself by accident as be 
was drawing out the contents of his pistol 
in order to clean it. 

Aged 21, Stephen Wright, M.D.— He 
had gone to bathe b<tween Leith and 
Portobello, and was seen to fall almost 
iiiimediately upon his entering the water, 
it is supposed from the efFecis of a para- . 
lytic affection. His body was carried to 
the Seaficid Baths, and medical assist*, 
ance procnr-ed from Leiih as soon as pos- 
sible, but the usual methods employed to 
restore suspended animation proved in- 
eflfcctual. 

Jul!/.,. Rt. Rev. John Flynn, Roman 
Catholic Bishop of Achonry. 

At Orly, near Paris, the noted Lieut,- 
gen. Thouvenot. 

Laiely — In London, Harriet, wife of 
E. Turner, esq. of Challow Park, Wantage, 

Sarah Hearn, a^'ed lOO years and se- 
ven months. She was buried in St. John's 
Church - yard, Westminster. Thomas, 
her husband, who had been married to her 
upwards of half a century, followed her 
to the grave at the advanced age of 95 : 
he enjoys his health, and walks 6rmly. 

Aged 8 years, Hon. William Rice, se- 
cond son of Lord Dyoevor. 

At Enfield, in his 18ih year, Mr. Chat, 
Bowtell. — His death was occasioned by 
the burstin; of a blood-vessel ; and it is 
a nmarkuble circumstance that his fa- - 
ther died about two years since from a 
similar cause. 

Cheshire — At Newton^ aged 91, the 
relict of Thomas Raveoscroft, esq. of 
Lefiwioh Hall, 

At 



186 Obituary; xmth Anecdotes of remarkable Persons. [Aug, 



At Altriogham, Mrs. Mary Worthing- 
tOD, widow of Isaac Worth'mgton, esq. 

Cornwall — At LauDceston, Lieut.-col. 
Hugh Holland. 

At Bodmin, aged 74, John Colwell,M.D. 

Cumberland — At Martindale, aged 58, 
Hcv. Heiiry Johnson, upwards of 30 years 
perpetual curate of that place. 

Bevon — At Exeter, Mrs. Rhodes, wi- 
^owof Rev. Geo. Rliodes, vicar of Colyton. 

At Dunsland, A. Bickford, esq. 

At Plymouth, aged 90, Mr. Scammell. 
Re has left ;^30,000 to one of his sons, a 
f urgeon at Plymstock. 

Mrs. M. Smith, mother of Rev. C. 
Smith, of Appledore. 

Dorset — At Poole, Richard Wade, esq. 

Essex — At Imworth Hall, the wife of 
Mr. Robert Sach. 

At Borley Hall, Mr. Henry Mason Coker. 

Gloucestershire — At Horsely, aged 72, 
the relict of Rev. Benjamin Francis, A.M. 

At "Marsbfield, Mr. William Goulding, 
for many years steward to Sir C. Codring- 
ton, bart. of Dodington. 

At Painswick, in her 88th year, Mrs. 
M. Winter, relict of Rev. C. Winter. 

Hants — At Ryde, Frances, second 
daughter of the late Thomas Coultbard, 
etq. of Brockham House. 

Her^ordshire — At Woolhope, in his 
ISth year, John, youngest son of Rev. 
llichard Hodges. 

Aged 61, Mary, wife of Bridgewater 
Meredith, esq. of Kingston. 

Kent — At Deptford, Mr. John Bird» late 
mathematical master at Uppingham school. 

At Lewisham, Mr. Daniel Freeman, 
formerly of Bermondsey. 

Lancashire — In consequence of a fall 
from his horse. Rev. Jonathan Farrar, cu- 
rate of Aughton. • 

At Bolton, aged 77, the widow of Rev. 
Richard Kay. 

At Biggin, aged 78, John Surtees, esq. 

At Forton Lodge, aged 25, Miss Ed- 
inonson, niece of Thomas Edmonson, esq. 
of Grassyard Hall. 

At Manchester, aged 64, Mr. John Tay- 
lor. He was educated at the Dissenting 
Academy at Daventry, under the late Dr. 
Ashworth, and afterwards resided in the 
tame establishment several yeard as Clas- 
sical Tutor, which office his extensive 
learning fully quali^ed hiip to fill. He 
was subsequently stationed several years 
at Walmsley Chapel, in Lancashire, and 
at Ilminster, in Somersetshire, as the mi- 
nister of the congregations of Unitarian 
Dissenters in those places, at both of 
irbich 'he was highly and deservedly re- 
spected. During his residence at Ilmin- 
ster, a change took place in his religious 
sentiments, and he proved his conscien- 
tious sincerity, by immediately resigning 
)ii8 situation. Some time afterwards be 



joined the Society of Friends, and for 1 6 
or 17 year« presided over the school be- 
longing to that body at Manchester. This 
office a severe paralsrtic atl^ck obliged 
him to relinquish in 1811. 

Lincolnshire — At Culverthorp Hall, 
Charles, youngest son of the la^e Sir John 
Thorold, bart. 

At Boston, in his 67th year. Rev. Sa- 
muel Partridge, M.A. F.A.S. vicar of that 
parish upwards of 32 years ; also vicar of 
Wigtoft cum Quadring; and Chairman of 
the Quarter Sessions for the Hundreds of 
Kirton and Skirbeck, He was bom at 
Saltbill, where his noother kept the prin- 
cipal inn. After receiving his education 
at Eton, he was sent to Magdalen College, 
Oxford, where he obtained a fellowship 
and took bis master's degree in 1775. 
This respectable Divine published the fol- 
lowing works : — "A Charge given to the 
Grand Jury of the Hundreds of Kirton and 
Skirbeck, concerning the Standard Mea-? 
sure of Corn, and Seditious Publications, 
with an Admoniiiun to the Keeper^ of Inns 
and Alehouses, 1793,*» 8vo. — «* Sermons 
altered from French Writers, 1805-1809," 
2 vols. 8vo.— " Religion essential to the 
Temporal Happiness of a Nation, a Ser- 
mon, 1805,*' 8vo. — *« Prudence, a Sermon 
addressed to Young Clergymen, 1806," 
12ma-^"The Rich, Ministers of Divine 
Providence, a Sermon for the Benefit of 
the County Hospital, Lincoln, 1807," 8vo. 
— " Three Discourses preached at Boston, 
1808," l2mo.— ** Charges given to Grand 
J aries at the General Quarter Sessions of 

the Peace, 1809," 12mo " A Sermon 

preached to the Holland and Boston Lo- 
cal Militia, 1809," Svo.—" A Sermon ou 
the Jubilee, or the 50th Year of His Ma- 
jesty's Reign. 1809," 8vo.— «* A Short Ac- 
count of the late Inundation in the Neigh- 
bourhoodof Boston, 1811," 12mo. — " Re- 
marks upon, and proposed Improreibenfs 
in, the Bill respecting Parish Registers, 
1812," 8vo. 

In his 80th year, Rev. Tho^nas Easton, 
vicar of Grantham, Great Gonerby, and 
Bracely. 

Norfolk — At Coltishall, aged 21, Geor- 
giana, daughter of the late George Thomp- 
son, esq. of Yarmouth. 

Northamptonshire — At TiM>rnhaugh, 
Jfane, youngest daughter of Rev. W. Wing. 

Northumberland — At South Preston, 
Margaret, eldest daughter of the late Maj. 
Alexander Campbell. 

Notts — At Ilolme Pierrepoht, Natha- 
niel Stubbings, esq. 

JRuZ/andf — Sarah, eldest daughter of 
Rev. Richard Twopenny, rector of Little 
Ca^sterton. 

Salop — At Cleobury, aged 83, Mrs. 
Stanton, relict of James Stanton, esq. of 
Hopton Wafers. 

Somerset 



1 8 Lt.] Obituary; with Anecdotes of renUtrkaiie Persalis. I Si 



So^rui — At Bath, Sarah, wife of Rev. 
^•mee Charles Clark, rector of ColwalL 

At Bath, the relict of Rev. Richard 
Edwards. 

At Bath» Rev. B. Davies, D.D. formerly 
an emineut Ditiienting miDister, but «1m 
haid for several years, on account of hit 
age and iutilraiitiM» lived in retirement. 

At Sh«fptoa Malletl, aged 108, Mrs. 
Iletty Orlkigfe, who lived to see her grand- 
•oo's grand-daughter, five generations 
iMiaglhen living in that town. 
- At Clifton, in his 63 J year, Mr. <3eorg« 
Matthewman. 
V ^^it — At Bury, aged 55, Mr. Tho- 
mas Foster. ^ He was one of the capital 
burgesses of the corporation, and had twice 
lerved the office of chief magistrate. 

S»u*9X — At Steyniog, aged 80, Richard 
Comber, e»q. 

At Hurst • Pierpoint, aged 80, Mr8» 
Clark, relict of Dr. Clark, late Provost of 
Oriel College, Oxford, and Prebendary of 
.,tloeh^ter. 

At Chichester, suddenly, Rev. J. Moore, 
2f. A. Vicar of the Cathedral, Rector of 
Racton, and Sequestrator of the parishes 
of St. Andrew and St. Martin. 

f^iUs •— In his 86th year, Mr. Daniel 
Beckingsale, of Salisbury. 

^orcesUnhire-^ At Upton on Severn, 
•fed 86, Elizabeth Brooke, relict of Rev* 
James Brooke, rector of Pirton and Croome, 
and HillCroome. 

At Bar bourne Terrace, near Worcester, 
aged 70, Rev. Thomas Ashford. 

Yorkshire — At New Malton, aged 50, 
the wife of Rev. Jonathan Parkin. 

At Halifax, Mrs. Preston, only sister of 
the late Samuel Waterhouse, esq. of Sap- 
lin Grove. 

At Sawley, near Ripon, Mrs. Sarah 
Maude, eldest daughter of the late Tho- 
mas Maude, esq. of Burley. 

At Leeds Castle, aged'Sl, Mrs. Anna 
Sllsanua^ Martin, only surviving sister of 
General Mariin. 

Wales. — At Llandegai, Carmarthen- 
•hire, in his SOth year, Mr. William Wil- 
liams, author of *' Observations on the 
Snowden Mountains,'* and of many use- 
ful and amusing publications in the Welsh 
language. Mr. Williams had been for 
many years one of the Agents of the Pen- 
ryn estate. He in 1752 was the humble 
means of inducing the late Lord Penryn 
to " form the wise and benevolent reso- 
lution of opening a spaciousslate-quarry," 
at Cae Braich-y-cein, in the parish of 
Llandegai. When his health began to de- 
cline, the reward of his long and fahhful 
services was a handsome annuity. 

At Southerndown Cottage, Glamorgan- 
shire, in his 71st year, Rev. Dr. Esllin. 

IxELAND. -^ At Limerick, William L. 
Sayers, esq. M. D. 

In Dublin, Mrs, Harvey, wife of Dr. H. 



At Ballycar (Clare), Aone, daughter of 
the late George Colpoys, esq. 

In Dublin, in his 68th year, John Q, 
Battier, esq. formerly Major io the ^tb 
foot, commanded by the lata jDulu «lf 
Northumberland. 
' «Vt Dublin, in her 85th year, Mrs. Buryj 
aunt to the Earl of Cbarleville. 

At Oatfield-house, co. Qalway^ Joha 
Lungworib, esq. , 

ScoTi^AMD. — At laveresk-house, tha 
lady of Sir James G. Baird, foart. 

Abroao-— At Paris, in the hospital htt 
pauper lunatics of Salpetriera, where ha 
had lived unpitied and ui^cnown for many 
years, aged 57, tha famous tharoigoe da 
Mericourt, one of the regicides, and iha 
most blood thirsty of the herpes of the |U- 
voluliooi He repented sincerely of his hor- 
tible crimes, and ipaposed upon himself 
the dreadful penance of pouring a bucket 
of cold water upon bii bed of straw evarj 
night : nothing i>ut the most robust health 
could have enabJ^d Uim to endure this pu* 
nishment. He had but few lucid ioteFvals. 
and those filled up by the most hearts 
rending lamentations. 

At Agen, aged 50. A^adame Toussaiol 
Louverture, widow of the celebrated Black 
GeneraL 

At Philadelphia, after a short illness* 
supposed about 80 years of age, Mr. Tbo- * 
mas M*Kaan, formerly Representative ill ' 
the Continental Congress, one of the 
Signers of American -Independence, Chief 
Justice of Pennsylvania, and nine years 
Governor of that SUte. It was said by^ 
Lord Mansfield, ** that the judicial deci- 
sions of Chief Justice. M'Kean did honour 
to his head and heart." 

In the West Indies, Charles Hamilton, 
esq. of the Leasowes, Shropshire. 

At the capture of Barcelona, Col. Cham* 
berlayne, who was serving in the Patriot 
Army in South America. He has left a 
widow, daughter of J. Haynes, e^q.. of 
Portsmouth Ddck-yard, and two children. 

Aug, 1. On Ditton Common, Surrey, 
Samuel Johnson, esq* in the 70th year of 
his age, and the 53d year of his service of 
the Hon. £ast India Company, 33 of f bich 
he filled the ofiice of examiner of ludia 
correspondence with ability and integrity, 
equalled only by his modest worth. In 
his death the Company have lost an abla 
and valued servant, and his office a kind 
and benevolent chief, whose memory will 
be long cherished by his wjdow with the 
deepest afllictiou and regret, and by bis 
friends and connexions with love aujJ re- 
spect. Mr. Johnson in early life was one 
pf the choristers of St. PauPs Cathedral, 
under Mr. Savage. On quitting the school 
at the age of 17, he entered into the ser- 
vice of the East India Company. 

In his 69th year, Alexander Murray 
Shields, esq. of Lioyd's Coffee-house. 

At 



18S Obituary; with Anecdotes of remarkable Persons, [kxsg. 



At Beccles, Suffolk, in her 30th year, 
the wife of Lieat. William Alexander An- 
derson. 

At Artherstone, Colonel Duncan Mac 
Pberson, of Cluny. 

At St. Catherine's, near Dublin, in his 
88th year. Right Hon. David Latouche, 
many years one of bis Majesty's Privy 
Council, tfnd for 40 years a Member of 
the Parliament of Ireland. He was the se- 
nior partner in the great banking-house of 
Latouche and Co., Dublin. His eldest 
8on, Col. D. Latouche, late Member for Car- 
JoWi died about two years ago, leaving a 
large family. His eldest daughter, also 
dead, was married to the late Earl of 
Lanesborough, brother of Lady Mary 
Poosonby. He had several other children 
(sons and daughters) who survive him. 
The Dublin papers warmly record his 
'* spotless integrity, unsullied honour, and 
enlarged benevolence.'* 

Aug. 2. At Newington, in his 48tb 
year, Mr. T. S. Sterry. He was knocked 
down about two months ago in Blackfriars- 
road, by some person unknown ; by which 
his leg was so severely fractured as to 
•ccasion his death. 

In bis 80th year, Archibald Paxton, esq. 
of Buckingham -street, York- buildings i 
and Wexham-place, Herts. 

Anne Frances, wife of Rev. T. Pettat, of 
Soutbrop-bouse, Gloucestershire, and el- 
dest daughter of the late J. Clark, esq. of 
Wellon-place, Northamptonshire. 

At Clifton, Mary Anne, third daughter 
ef the late Capt. Edmund Prust. 

At Drimmie-cottage, near Blairgowrie, 
aged 75, William Chalmers, e<q. town- 
clerk of Dundee. Besides holding other 
situations of trust, he had been principal 
clerk of the burgh of Dundee for 45 years, 
and keeper of the register of sasiaes, and 
clerk of the peace for the county of Forfur, 
for many years past. 

At Ballywaiter, Ireland, aged 66^ Mrs. 
Cairns, relict of the late Surgeon Cairns, 
of Donaghadee. 

Aug,^, At Canonbury, aged 49, Sarah, 
widow of the late R. Hewitt, esq. of Mus- 
welUnill, and daughter of the late Rev. 
John Henchman, of Deddington, Oxfords 
ihire. 

At Reigate, Anna Maria, widow of the 
late Josef de Mendoza Rios, esq. a gen- 
tleman distinguished for his arithmetical 
calculations, and officially employed upon 
a most impovtaot discovery in bringing 
the longitude to a fixed and invariable 
point. The error of one figure in some 
millions of numbers so completely discon- 
certed his mind, that in a (it of intellec- 
tual despondency, he retired to his cham- 
ber, and hung him^^elf. (See vol. LXXXVl. 
i. 372.) The otHiction of his widow upon 
this dreadful event, settled into a melan- 
choly dfspoudvncy. Lavtvkeek, she ear- 



nestly requested to leave town for Brigh- 
ton, and expressed a wish to die there, 
and to be interred rn the same grave with 
her husband. In the hope that a chaogs 
of air would be of benefit to her mental 
health, her friends agreed, and the jour<- 
ney was undertaken ; she reached Kei- 
gate, and died. The remains of this lady 
are removed to Brighton, in order to be 
taterred. in the grave of her ui>fortanat« 
husband. 

At Salisbury, the wife of Henry Pen- 
ruOdocke Wyndham, esq. late M. P. for 
Wilts. 

At an advanced age. Rev. John Baraefl» * 
Rector of Tendering. 

At Knockham, parish of KirkhHI, aged 
102 years, J. Fraser. He fought under 
the banners of the Chief of the Clan at 
CuUoden, and on many other occasions^ 
he has always been a careful sober manj^ 
he could, till within the last two years, 
dance a Highland reel with as much spirit 
as a man of SO years of age, bad a very 
extensive memory, and would rehearse 
many anecdotes regarding his Chief's ex* 
ploits. 

Aug. 4. Aged 78, Mrs. Mary Collint^ 
relict of Mr. Thomas Collins, late of St. 
Paul's Church-yard. 

Charles Apreece, esq. of Gray's-inn, 
son of the late Captain Apreece, of Pen- 
tonville,' 

At Wandsworth, in her 74th year, Mrs* 
Philippa Gee, daughter of the late Richard 
Gee, esq. of Orpington, Kent. 

At Hereford, aged 82, Mrs. Cam, re- 
lict of the late Dr. Cam, Receiver-general 
for that county ; a lady whoi^e unaffected 
manners and goodness of heart had justly 
endeared her to all who knew her. 

Aug, 5. In Beaumont-street, aged 67, 
. Robert Burnett Jones, esq. 

At the house of his sister, Mrs. Holroyd, 
Cann-hall, Wanstead, aged 42, Mr. John. 
Lofthouse. 

At FaImout|i, Captain C. Kemptbome 
Quash, R, N. 

At Wulsely-hall. Staffordshire, Sir Wil- 
liam Wolsely, bart. He was walking in 
the shrubberies by his house, when be fell 
down, and expired before he could betaken 
into his room. He was born Aug. 24, 
1740: suc(;eeded his father Sir William in 
1779; married in 1765, Miss Chambers, 
of Wimbledon, Surrey, by whom (who 
died July 16, 1811} he had issue two sons 
and two daughters. His eldest son (now 
Sir C. Wolsely, bart) is resident at Lyous, 
in the South of France. His second son, 
the Rev. Robert Wolsely, died in 1815. 
(See vol. LXXXV. ii. 476.) 

At Edinburgh, John Gillespie, esq. of 
Sunny-side Lodge, Lanarkshire. 

Aug. 6. At her house, n^ar the Tower, 
in her 61st year, tb« wife of T. R. Snow^ 
esq. . . 

Racbael, 



1817.] Obituary ; with Anecdotes of remarkable Persons. 189 

Rttcbael, youngest sister of the late Ri- )^t Cotomercy, a^ed 100, M. Delacoar^ 

chard Neliii«s,esq. of Bradley-bouse, Glou- & State- pensiooer of Fraoce. 

•etterehire. Jiag, 9, In Upper GrotYeoor-HreetiiB 

In the Cathedral Close, Norwich, in hiv his 80th year, John Clemeutt, esq, 

35th year, Frank Sayers, M. D. Of this At E<imontun, in ber 67th year, EUsa» 

gentleman, whose talents were favourably beth, wife of Silvester Lowden, esq. for* 

koowo in the literary world, and whose meriy of Houndsditch. 

virtncs were highly appreciated by a nu. At Kensington, iu bis 80th ^ear. Rev. 

■leroiis circle of friends, some further John Marsland ; he was more thao Sf 

account will appear in our Magazine of years Minister of the Catholic Chapel at 

next month. Gosiport. 

At Greenhpad, Glasgow, aged 82, Wil- Eleanor, wife of John Andertoa, eta, 

liam Caldwell, esq. late of Yard-foot, of Common Hill House, near Worcester. 

Ijochwinnoch. At Elsbam-halt, Lincolnshire, Fraucet 

. At Passy, near Paris, Francis Gregory, Anue, eldest daughter of William Tbomp* 

esq. Solicitor, of Dublin. He bad just ar- son Corbett, esq. ' 

med on his way to the South of France, At Inverary, Mr. George Pirie, surf^ioa* 

whither he was going for the benefit of Aug, 10. In Upper Berkeley-street^ 

bis bealtb. Lieut.-col. the Hon. W. Grey, foartb §om 

Aug, 7. At Dorking, in her 48tb year, of the late, and brother of the prrmit 

Catharine, wife of Rev. Samuel Hoole, Earl Grey. 

Mioiater of Poplar, and Chaplain to the In South - street, Grosvenor - sqaanb. 

East India Company. Mary, wife of Rev. Joshua Greville, Curate 

At Hoveton St. John, Thomas Blofield, of Sr. George's, Hanover-square, and Yi- 

esq. a Deputy- lieutenant, and one of the car of Duston, Northamptonshire. 

Chairmen of the Quarter-sessions of the William Griffiths, esq. late of Jamaica. ' 

Peace for the county of Norfolk, a Bar* Aug, 11. Iu Upper Gower-streety Mn. 

rister of the Hon. Society of the Inner Richard Townsend. 

Temple, and formerly one of the Common in Cardigan-place, Kenoington, aged 

Pleaders of the City of London. 68, Mrs. Willett, widow of Rev. Wariof 

lo the Crescent, Bath, aged 93, W.Bald- Willett, minor canon of Westminster, 

win, esq. one of the first inhabitants, and . At bis mother's, the Dowager Lady Bniw 

lor half a century a constant resident in goyne, in Oxford -street, M^uorogen. Sir 

that magnificent building. Montagu Roger Burgoyne,bart. of SuttOft 

At Newport, the wife of Capt. J. Taylor, Park, co. Bedford. He succeeded bis fa* 

•f Breca (Waterford). She was the eldest ther Sir John in 1786; married, Nov. 1, 

daughter of A. G. Creagh, esq. of Lauren- 1794, Catherine, only daughter of John 

tinum (Cork), by Isabella, sister to the late Burton, of Owierioo, co. York, esq. by 

Col. Bagwell, M. P. for county Tipperary. whom he had issue two sous, John Mon« 

Aug. 8. At Teddiugton, Heury Hu- tagu and Montagu George, and four 

l^uenin, esq. daus^hters. 

Frauces, eldest surviving daughter of Aug, 12. Amy, i^ifeof Mr. P. Browne, 

the late Sir John Brisco, hart. of the Kent-road, and second daughter of 

At Sidmoutb, in ber 23d year, Helen, the late S. Rolles, esq. of Poole, Dorset, 

wife of Rev. Benjamin Sandford, Vicar of In her 95ihyear, Elizabeth, relict of the 

Faruingham, Kent. late Rev. John Hughes, of Haverfordwest, 

At Batbford, in her 82d year, Mrs.Nott, and grand aunt to Richard Meyler, esq. 

of Bath, widow of the late Capt. J. N. P. M. P. for Winchester. Eminent for piety, 

Nott, R. N. ■ benevolence, and charity, her continual 

At Knottingley, near Ferrybridge, in aim throughout a long and useful life was 

bis 89tb year, Mr. C. Alibott, comedian, to do good, and her drath will be sincerely 

well known for the last 50 years in the regretted by all who knew her. 

eounties of York and Lincoln. At Midhurst, in the prime of life, Josbui^ 

At Spixworth Parsonage, Norfolk, in her. Whiting, esq. purser in the Royal Navy. 

30th year, Elizabeth, wife of Rev. G. Aug, 13, In Hanover-square, aged 74, 

Howes, and fourth daughter of Robert Harry Darby, esq. 

Fellowes, esq. of Shotesham. The Rev. Bladon Downing, LL.B. rec- 

At Easingwould, Yorkshire, aged 88, tor of Quainton, Bucks, perpetual curate 

Rev. William Whytehead, formerly of of Noniogion with Womenswold in Kent, 

Sydney College, Cambridge, vicar of At- and rector of Overion, & sinecure m Hamp- 

wjck and Mappleton, in the East Riding. shire. Mr. Downing was formerlyjchap- 

Ai Edinburgh, Mrs. Anne Laurie, relict lain to George late Earl of Guildford, 

of Rev. Robert Ure, Minister of Airth. through who>e interest, it is presumed. 

At Hayfield by Kinross, aged 84, Mrs. he obtained the living of Overton, and 
Syme, relict of D.Sy me, esq. of Cartinore, also the rectory of BIradon, in Somerset- 
Aged 73, Ru Hon. Henri Benedict Jules shire, both in the gift ot the Bishop of 
it Betixy» Lord Bishop of Uzes in France. Winchcsttr; and ubuu( 20 years ago ef- 
fected 



1 90 Obituaiy, with Anecdotes. — Meteorological Diary. [Aug, 

fectcd an Pietinn^ nf the lallar benefice ^ulVi he tiijaycd the implicit confirfciics 

of the very iiuioetouj and reipectoble body 

of (irupiiclou; snd united, at hewai.mth 

Ihe tally projecioii ((ongibce ilepnited) 

, of ihBtgtealand uuriialled imrli, be wai 



on <he cesaiun oF Jeffrey Ekink. Himrtiine 


justly regarded as itH surviving parent. 




As bis amiable and unassuming condnct. 


>bo died D. D. Dean of Csriislc, and rea- 




tofOf SedgFlleld. Dr. tkins hating been 


and .11 his many great private virtuei. 


instilulcd 10 the reclnry of Quainton nn 


hare been long felt and enjaye<ii lo they 


the reBignatioo of his father, who vai ibit 


will be lDi>g remenibeted by bis famUy 


patron, and who hiiuself had, in I7d2,...c- 








It i> remarkable thai only two recloni <,f 


profound judgment, matured by bis great 


thi< paiiih, namely, Mr, Archer, and Ihe 






in maibemtiics, in philosophy, and ia 


period of IBS ye»r«. The rectory of 


science in gene/al, placed bim iti a su- 


QuRintoD was torm'-ly held by Ur. Ri- 


perior rook of society i and in hini ih« 




world has lost a great and a gaod man. 


Bible in Ibe reign of King Jamei, of vhoie 


Aug. 15. The wife of Mc Msckanieis, 




of Great Ormoiid street, Quaen-squire. 


of the pariah church, lome ai'Couni ihall 





At Rochdale, io hii 49(h year. Rev. 
William Horton, one of hit Majesty's Jus- 
tices of the Peace fur the coanty of Laa- 
eiilfr, (bird son of Ihe late Joibua Uor- 

Aug.ii. AtBrsdrord,Yorlishire,ag<dT6, 
Joteph Priestley, eiq. Hewaatheauperin. 
lendaat and principal agent of Ihe Leeds 
and Liverpool Conat, wliiob situation he 
held from ils com men cement in 1769, and 
■ttboogli tempted by offers of more lu- 

Biost zealously and most faithfully to its 



I 73, William llus 
In Uppei Charlotte - stceet, Pitzroy- 
■(|uare, Mrs. Hogg, wifa of Capt. Adam 
Hogg, nf the East India Conpaoy's Mi- 
litary EitabliBbmentat Bombay. 

Aged S'i, B. Clierry, esq. tulicitor, SI 
years tonn-clerk of Hertford. 

Al Sandgats, Kent, baring arrired Ihia 
nly a few days, the wife of Bear- 



raet, Wesimin- 






eaiblei 



admiral Clen 

Aug. 16. Id 
flter, Anna Maria oienman, wiuoiv oi j. 
Dleumai:, eiig. late Solid tor- general of the 
Island of Uorbadoes. 

Aug. 17. At NewiDgtoa-gregii, aged 
6S, Robert Lane, eiq. 

Aug. 18, The wife of Jos^b Nolle- 
keoa, esq. R. A. of MortioMr itreat. Ca- 
vendish-square. 



Meteohological Table for August, 1817. By W, Cabt, Strand. 
Height of Fahrenheit's Ibermumelei. 



H 


ight 


fFa 


reolieif. Tb 


ermumeier. I 




41 ^ 


1 -■ 1 , i 


M 


II 




It 


ilarum 
in. pt* 


Weallier 

AuR. isn. 


Juls 












.37 




1.6 


55 


19. 62 


showery 


28 


60 


66. 


50 






S9 


60 


67 


5S 






SD 


C-ti 




iJ 


,7a 


r..r 


31 


6S 


66 


U 




■bowrry 


jIA 


Si 




5i 




,ho>re,y 


a 


Si 




5P 








iS 


66 


55 


,W 


fair 




39 


6S 


5(. 


.13 


fair 


5 


68 


67 


59 


.yj 


fair 


6 


60 


72 


iB 


30,00 


foir 


7 


-5S 




57 


29,79 


Cik 


8 


59 


65 


55 


,50 


zzi 




05 


tiB 


JS 


,711 


m 


57 


68 


S6 


,S0 


showery 


ti 


it 


65 


fiO 


,65 


M, 



u 


1- 


. 


5 

is 


l!an>m 


Wealhe. 




S 


_,«■ 




Aug. 13)7. 






X 


-a 






Aug 






~ 






I'i 


58 


-6(1 


ii 




thowery 




39 


66 


59 


.51 


showery 


U 


«2 


1.8 


51 


,67 


iJoudy 




(:o 


68 


55 




&ir 


16 


M 


19 


ii 


'75 


fair 




-5B 


^i 


i.4 


,80 


ilormy 


IB 


SI 


65 




,^i 


elondy 


1!> 


■50 


66 




,f.a 


bowery 


20 


liO 


Cfi 


55 


,60 


fair 


SI 


55 


58 


5'2 


.80 


.torra. 




H 


60 


55 


JO, 06 




23 




«4 


56 


29, yO 


fair 


£4 




£0 


56 


,.•.6 






5y 


i7 


i-J 






26 


jsi 


02 


53 


'.01 


iDLmy 



[ 191 1 



BILL OF MORTALITY, from Jaly 22, to Aasu8tS6, 1817. 



Christened. 
Males - 
Females - i\ i)i ) 



.l^lb*^^ 



Burled. 
Males - 817 
Females 895 



Whereof hav^ died under 2 years old 



1 



1712 
481 



Salt £\, per bushel ; 4^. per pound. 




2 and 5 
5 and 10 
and 20 
and 30 
and 40 
and 50 



170 
77 
62 
141 
161 
173 



-V 



50 and 60 145 
60 and 70 132 
70 and 80 09 

80 and 90 ifi 
90 and 100 12 
100 . 2 



AVERAGE PRICES of CORN, froooUhe Returns ending 
INLAND COUNTIES. , MARITIME C 



Middlesex 

Surrey 

Hertford 

Bedford 

HunLiugd. 

Korthainp. 

Rutland 

Leicester 



Wheat 
s, d. 
85 
92 
74 
82 
82 
S3 

$9 
79 



Nottingham 84 

Derby 77 

Stafford 78 

Salop 87 

Hereford 90 

Worcester 9S 

Warwick 95 

Wilts 79 

Berks 88 

Oxford 86 

Bucks 89 

Brecon 89 

Montgojn. 99 

Radaor 93 





8 
1 
9 
6 

6 

io 


3 
I 
7 
1 

4 
2 
8 
4 
6 



Ry^ 

X. 

42 
54 
52 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
61 



00 
00 
43 
57 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
60 



2!00 
000 



d. 






'0 





8 
6 






9 





Barly 
s, d. 



37 
39 
37 
40 
00 
41 
35 
42 
45 
00 
46 
00 
52 
45 
47 
42 
36 
37 
43 
56 
52 
51 



5 


9 


6 
8 




7 
1 

4 
3 
2 
9 
6 

9 

9 



Oats 
s, d. 



32 
36 
34 
38 
30 
29 
32 
35 
33 
38 
42 
34 
34 
34 
37 
35 
34 
32 
36 
00 
33 
36 



8 
4 
4 
3 
8 
5 

4 
10 
2 
4 
6 
9 
1 

8 

9 


10 
10 



Beans 
s, d. 



48 

45 

47 

48 

40 

29 

44 

53 

53 10 

56 

66 



00 
50 
47 
61 
65 
45 
56 
47 
00 
00 
00 




8 
11 
1 
2 
2 

1 






A^'erage of Knsrland and Wales, per quarter 
86 2i54 lli45 0|34 6|48 t 



», d» 

Essex 69 ■ 1 

Kent 88 8 

Sussex 91 9 

&ifftflk 9\ 3 

Camb. 67 7 

Norfolk 84 6 

Lincoln 74 2 

York 74 6 

Durham 73 8 

Northum. 64 8 

Cumberl. 67 9 

Westmor. 74 6 

Lancaster 78 5 

Chester 70 9 

Flint 76 10 

Denbigh 84 2 

Anglesea 65 

Camarv. 97 8 
Merioneth 104 8 

Cardigan 110 
Pembroke 91 

Carmart. 116 

Glainorg. 109 9 

Gloucest. 97 11 

Somerset 100 5 

Monm. 116 2 

Devon 103 5 

Cornwall 89 3 

Dorset 84 9 

Hants 85 



August 16. 

OUNTIKS. - 
Wheat Rye BarlJ OaU Bmuw 



39 

00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
56 
52 
68 
46 
62 
74 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 



d. 








8 

7 
8 






















34 
39 
00 
34 
00 
39 
33 
34 
00 
41 
52 
54 
45 
^ 
49 
36 
60 
58 
57 
56 
55 
51 
49 
42 
44 
51 
46 
48 
44 
41 



if. 


8 

7 

2 
8 



3 
4 
8 
8 
8 
7 


4 

7 
4 
4 
4 

2 
9 




*, 

29 
31 
34 
34 
20 
30 
30 
31 
38 
41 
47 
48 
39 
35 
34 
35 
32 
38 
40 
24 
28 
00 
36 
38 
33 
00 
31 
34 
31 



d, 

9 
8 




040 
41 
37 



6 

1 



1 
10 
6 
3 
11 
6 
8 




2 





8 
3 







6 

4 
8 




f. 

46 
42 
00 



4i 
48 

00 
00 
00 
00 
61 
00 



206 
00 

00 



4i3i 6 



00 

00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
46 
48 

op 

00 
00 
00 
46 






.0 
9 


10 

3 





4 







.0 


3 





6 



PaiCE OF FLOUR, per Sack, August 25, 75*. to SOf. 



OATMEAL, per Boll of UOIbs. Avoirdupois, August 16, 40;. Sd. 
AVERAGE PRICE of SUGAR, August 20. 52*. lOrf. per cwt. 

PRICE OF HOPS, IN THE BOROUGH MARKET, August 25 

Kent Bags 16/. Oi. to 20/. 0*. 

Sussex Ditto 15/. 0^. to 18/. 0^. 

Kent Pockets 16/. Os, to 25/. Oi. 



Sussex Pockets IGI, 

Esi>ex Ditto I6i, 

Farnham Ditto 00/. 



Oy. to 22/. 


0». 


i)s. to 22/. 


0. 


Oi. to 30/. 


Of. 



AVERAGE PRICE OF HAY AND STRAW, August 25 : 
St. James's, Hay 4/, 7*. 6rf. Straw 1/. 10s. Orf. Clover 5/. 7^. 6rf.-Whitecbapel, Hay 51. 6s. Orf. 
£itra*v 11. I5i.'0(/.-— Clover 7/. 0*. Qd. — Smith6eld, Hay 5/. 2s. 6d. Straw U. \3s,6d, 

SMITHFIELD, August 25. To sink the Offal — per Stone of 81bs. 



Beef 3i-. Orf. to 4i. 4rf. 

Mutton 3a-. Sf/. to 4i. 6rf. 

Veal 4*'. Or/, to 5s, Of/. 

Pork f 4j. 4rf. to 5s, 4rf. 



Lamb 4*.0rf. to 5*. Orf. 

Head of Cattle at Market August 25 : 

Beasts 2,350. Calves 300. 

Sheep and Lambs 22,460. Pigs 220. 



COALS, August 25 : Newcastle 31s. Orf. to 44^. 3d. Sunderland 38*. Od, to 40j. 6d, 
TALLOW, per Stone, 8lb. St. James's 3s. 2d. Clare Market 0* . Orf. ^niitechapel 3s. 3d. 
SOAP, Yellow, 86*. Mottled 94^. Curd 98*. CANDLES, lOi. 0(/. perDoz. Moulds lU. dd. 



[ 192 ] 



THE AVERAGE PRICES of Naugabii Cabal Shaiu and other P«ornTT, la 
Aiigoill8l7{tolhea6th).8llheOfficeof Mr. Scott, 28,Ni.-wBridge-streel, London— 
OiBDd Trunk C»ii«l, 1400/. Jiv. 60/. p«r -aunum. — Cm-ealry Canal.l TTO/. dw. 44/, 
per aanaoi.— Oxford, 493;. 31t per innnm. — Gra:.d JiiiK*ion, 190i. — Chester- 
field, 10a(. dhf, S/.— Monmauth, 103/. lOf. et Ulvidend, 31. hslf year.— Elieimere, 
60/. ex DIiMpkI S/.— Kri>net nml Aran. SO.'. — Wiltf and Berka, 9/. 5i.— Weit India 
Duckt, aOJ/. Di».;10/— UiidoniliU". 10/. Dit. 3/.— Royal Exchange Attu ranee, B32/. 
Dir. 10/. — Sod Fire ditto, 208/. Div. S/. lOi.— Globe, 1S3/. — AlMon, 43/.— Rock, 
3/. St.- East London Water- Works. C&l — Oiand Junction ditto, 40/._Gh LijihU. 
S/. dir.— Souihvark Bridge Oid Shares, 31/. SartSl. paid.- He* Ditto, paid up, 49/. 












c 


--- 


._ „ 


Z£.S^ 


& - 


--. 




; i-i. 


.£= .£ 


-^1 


1 








1 


1 


- 


u 


tt 




-1 J 




i|» 1 'i 




If 


9 

f 






~ i 


1 




If 




s 




1 




si| g gj 


s 


m 


S 






1 
1 


-'1 


1 2. 


1 


SIS 


?„^ 


li 


\-il 




II 


Jll 


i_ 


ill 






Paisage, Fleet Sirsr<, London. 



THi 



GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE: 

ib.S^DMout 



LOVlKIII OkltTTI 

Etemiro 

TimM-M. AdTcit. 

~ " Vn m D»y 

'SLJaBKi'iChnHi. 



SUr— TVanlter 



Puket-Lond^Chr. 
'Albioo—CChron. 
Con Tier — Globe- 
Kng. abraii.--Iiiq. 
CaaTA'Aag\ettnt 
Coar. deLondiiea 
l5oaiPTW«akrj>P, 
17 Snnda J Pmper* 
Hue * Cry police 
Lit A6t. ntontbly 
Batli 3— Briitol 5 




Eiielarl,QItea.9 

H^liTn-iT 

HerefonC^ 

[pti>icbl,I«Bcu. 
Leica.9-LHdl3. 

Licbflah ' 

wo-n^a.i iwu.a 
"ii^irtiii^i 
Noifi>b,Jlanri 
N.WalMCtadbrd a 

Pre*UJiiirTPIrm.S 
Re>diu--£aU|- 
Salqp^^MU... 

ShrewilniqF 
&taS:~J9tiw£ 9 

f§i_^. SEPTEMBER, I8I7. f^^^B 
SS^SS.' CONTAINING '/.^^'^ 



HMtOttattnut Cam^anBnice, arc. 

Itiil«ilDdiitMoriai--MinorCo[r»paDifenGei!)4 

Sirieturei on the Plan of Mr. Ovm 195 

Her. Sim, Partridge— Sir Wm. WolBeleyl98 
Mr. Caner on Hie Monument of Dagobert.199 
Epitaphs rroDi Pmtiroulil Church, cu. Leic.ib. 
The Degrteor D.C.I-io Ontord UniTersitjSOO 
Oratory, or Stone Pulpit, *l Shrewibury ..301 
Method of tinting Water-colour Dr»wing»a02 
Longerily of Musician) and Sculpton. 



ICont 



mble... 



,..304 



Obitaary of eminent Person* 1114— IT3I 
Cliffitrd Family.— Folherby.— Dr. Disney 308 
Etching of Annie WiUon.— Roilin Chapel 209 
Porlriit of Dr. Yuung !— S. Hichsrd«0n.,.310 
CouHTT HiiTOir— Huntingdon 310; ICent3i3 
Uredaie Fumily— On Worming of Dogi..aiS 
Dr. Pearson on Portable Life-saiing Faod319 
Account of H Visit to (lie Field of Waterloo. 331 
Origin of the Gothic Stjle of ArdiitectumSSl 
WiucbeMerCathedral.-bepnlchrilBra iki^£5 
The Pope'a SuIIb agajnM Biblt^ Societisi..a2e 
.St.Matlh. Go3pel--Sick-bedRec«llectioa>32B 
M. Bonnet on Nature of Future HBppiiieti339 
FreDcbProtealanu! — Archdeacon BarloveSOO 

Lord Ambersl'i Eaibaisy to China 331 

Embellished nilh 4 Perspeclin; View 

AiDiT GAitnEHa 11 Shbswsii 

Amnib WttauN, the < 



fttbinn af Atwi^Uitadiutf. . 

Nicboli'i llluttrtliong of Literary g.iMo(r>33 
Hiilory of Quemsey, by William Berfr.>.936 
The £gii of England, by Maurice BTui..a3S 
NewSyelem of Prapiiesl Political EcoTMiay 343 

A Supplement to "Juniut idealiSed" S43 

.Seugena[ian,OTKecallectiontoraLir:.Lire345 
CtLemical Amusement, by Fredrick AccBai34T 
ElemenUof Conchology, by ThoniBi BroaaSlS 
Spanitb Dictionary,— Maiim) of Neatneu349 
Arnault's 'G«rmaDicuf,' tratutated by Betnel ih. 



V iKTEl 



...3S0 



SiLiCT Poarar, for Sepumh'cr 1B17.......3&3 

I^Mtoiical ClitenicU. 

ProceedingBioibelBteSeiBionafParliiingMiJI 
Abiiract of principal Foreign Occurrenaei..S65 
Country NB«eiO.-DonicBtioOccurTeno«iai3 
Tlieatrical [tegisier, Piomotiona, Preferm.aiS 
Births and Marriage! of eminent FeraoDi.374 
Memoir of Admiral Sir J. T. Duek"ortb...«5 

of Colonel Heliiih ii. 

of Re». Dr. Estlin STI 

of William Marriott, Et^ 3*78 

Dbitnary,witbA(iecil.DfreiiiarkablePertanaSBl 
Bill of Mortality.— Prices of MaiheU, Jk:.3S7 
Canal, fcc. Sbarei._Frices of the Stock)...38S 
the OiiTOBT, Dt'&rONE Pulpit, in tba 



t Roili 



hmg o 



By SYL V 4.NV S URBAN, Gint. 



194 



INDEX INpICATORIUS. 



To lb« list of St all in the County of 
Psvcilf, in Part I. p. Sl>, E. B. adds : 

Strawberry Hill, near Coliinipton> Earl 
Mountrath. 

Woodbine Hill, near Honiton^ PMt) Ad- 
miral Sir Tbomai Graves, K.B. 

Orange, William Drcwe, esq. 

Afh6eld, Hun. Mrs. Julia Valenxa Head, 
^iater of Lord Somerville. 

Egg^land, Mrs. Thomasin Anne Elliott. 

Ivi^on, Philip Gidiiey, esq. 

Weston Cottage, Sam. Steveni^ esq. M*P* 
^raoey House, Harry-Baines Lott, esq. 

B.Y. notices tb^ following omission 
4unong tbe Seats in Hbrts, p. 110 : 

King's Walden Buiy and Park, William 
Hale, esq. (who in 1790 was- a Candi- 
date for the County, and wbote Family 
it both ancient and reapectable.) 

Verax, noticing tbe subi«et of an 
Eulogy in pagf 4» observes^ that he was 
" son to the LaundriM to a N(4il« l^ie- 
tary when he w^ «yt thf IJnivertity" [fio 
disgrace to eitlMi]} and that tbe real 
Y:au8e why be did not r«tide upon his 
Rectory was tbe animosity excited by 
litigation respecting Tithf [in which, 
probably, there were/tiulU en both ju&i]. 
We thank G. for his kind offer; but de- 
eline engraving his Coins. Tbey are al- 
ready in Mr. Ruding's valuable work ; 
where also the Coins inquired after by A 
Constant Reader are engraved and de- 
scribed.^To this Work we refer all si- 
milar inquirers. 

We are obliged to Lexicon, but ** The 
British Apollo" is not an uncommon book. 
N. remarks, <' There is a prevailing 
Idea, that a Law exists by which second 
cousins are forbidden to marry ; but 
none to prohibit tbe marriage oijirti 
cousins : and the reason given for the 
prohibition in one case and not in the 
other, is, that it was not thought need- 
ful to forbid what, on account of the 
nearness of kin, no ope would think of 
doing. We find no prohibition in the 
Prayer-book to cousins of any degree ; 
but, as many, both jSr^f and second cou- 
sins, many with at least a dofifht upon 
their mind as to tbe lawfulness of what 
they are doing; and as others more 
scrupulous refrain from what they/rar 
may be wrong ; it would be rendering 
no trifling service to the Community, 
If some one of your Correspondents con- 
versant in tbe Law would take the trou- 
ble to set the matter in a clear Ught, 
both as it regards the Law of God and 
the Law of the Land." 

D. Y. asks, in what year of the lait 
Century Sir Philip Hall, of Upton, in 
the Parish of Westham, was High She- 
riff of that County, and whether he 
received the honour of KoighUiood 
during hit Sheriffalty. 



The Letters of our friends V. and H. W. 

and of Mr. HAWR8,8hall appear in ournext • 

' If Catus is really eenouf, which we 

can icarcely believe, he will undoubtedly 

thank us for suppressing his Letter. 

We are requested by a Friend to makf 
inquiry respecting a Legacy which it is 
supposed was left many years ago to 
the late Elizabeth Cannings but never re- 
eeived. Who was the person that kft the 
Legacy, if such was bequeathed ? When 
was there an Advertisement for the near- 
est of kin to come and claim it ? and has 
such an Advertisement appeared within 
these four years? There is reason to 
suppose such an Advertisement appeared 
many years ago, and it has been said 
that one also kUefy appeared. Simh 
heth Canmng's affair with Jktarp Squires 
excited much interest in 1763 and 1754. 
It is understood that Elizabeth Canning 
di^ at Weatherfield in Connecticut, 
Mew England, in 1773. 

ScEVTATOR says, *< In Mark Noble's 
Genealogy of the Sovereigns of Eurc^, 
it is mentioned that King George the 
First was, towards the laUer part of hU 
life, so oenvineed of the innocence of his 
Wife, whom hf left in confinement in 
Germany, that he sent for her to come 
to Eneiand and share his royal honours, 
but she declined it. Can any of your 
CorrespondenU, or Mr. Noble bim«f If, 
give any authority for this fasertion, or 
throw light upon the circumatanec of the 
Queen's innocence being established ?" 
Scrvtator also says, ** In fiankt'a 
Dormant and Extinct Qaronage, VoLU. 
p. jnra, under the title of Herbert, Earl 
of Huntingdon, it is mentkmed that 15 
Nor. I Ric. HI. tbe Earl entered into 
covenants with that King, to Uke his 
daughter Katherine PlanUgenet to wife 
before Michaelmas next ensuing, Ac. 

* but, the Lady dying in eariy years, the 
MurieigedidnoHmke^eet.' Inanote 
Mr. Banks obsenres that this is the onhr 
mentk>n of any daughter of Richnid Hjf. 
1 should be gratified by any information 
that would illustrate this circumstance. 
1 have seen a Qrant by King Richard on 
tbe third of March, in the first year of 
his reign, of an Annuity of 4M marks 
to William Earl of Huntingdon, and 

* Katherine Plantagenet his wife,' dur- 
ing the Ufe of Thomas Lord Stanley ; 
and another Grant, 18 March, in his 
second year, to the same parties, of an 
Annuity of 158/. \0s. lOd. until the King 
should grant to them and their heirs lands 
of like annual value i though these grants 
do not call her the King's daughter." 

SioiSMUMD asks for an account of the 
origin of Oerieal HaU, or, as they are 
commonly called, Skasfel Bais, together 
with the supppaed reasons why some of 
the Ci^gy wmur thenij and otheis not. 

Mr. 



C 19S ] 



THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE, 
For SEPTEMBER, 1817. 



Me. OWBN. tbftt be htd not foaod out, that ttdi- 

rnie following .tricture. on tlie Pliui •V^,?/" ^j"* ST^f ^^^ "^fj^ 

^ of thiM benevolent Projector ue e«. f-V**! P£!!.* ^^^ ^^ '''T*!!^" 

tracted from a respectable Provincial ™' \l ^«° ^« «^^o"» *»>? P«^>2 

Newipaper.l **'*" '^"® gOTcmmeoli— add..w«fial 

* to gite iDc populace priuctplet ffe- 

nr*HIS gentleman not being able ther tban pofiticti that be ietHMdi 

X to tutereit tbe Miniitry in hif to Work, and not to riot i and ttif 

projects, and bating failed also to bis system was doe of iubordinall<f*i 

produce sufficient effect iipon the and not disorder. Tbus, for tbe wNh 

.pnblick by the press, has bad re- sent, has ended this long-talkcS-dt 

course to two public meetings, at novelty i wbicb, boweter, has beea 

the City of London Tavern, in order treated with too much indulgence hj 

to engage a competent number of some, and with too moch nosUQqr 

coadjutors to bring his theory to tbe bj others. 

test of eiperiroent. His object ap- The chief fetftiire in Mr. 0<ri*'i< 

pears lo h»ve been, first, to state his PUn is, the establishment of mino- 

prhiciples apd plan t- secondly, to oh- factnring and agricultural villafM, 

fain the sanction of a popular meet- where the poor shall be emplojctfs 

ing to its eicellence and practicabi- comfortably subsisted, aod virtuooilf 

Hty ; thirdly, to obtain a Committee to educated and goTemed. Now, in tJle 

Carry it into eiperimental effect, and principles which this plan iniplicalcfi, 

then to apply tbe influence thus oh- there is much to approve. It sap- 

tatned to produce iubscriplions to posei a benevolent regard for the 

fornish the requisite capital. In poor,, respect for Tir I ue as the basii 

both meetings ihtr Projector was foil- of happiness and order, and industry 

ed; for be had the misfortune to as tbe means of subsistence and im* 

be oppost d by two classes uf men, proTement. If we place tbe system 

equally difficult for him to manage, of the radical reformers by tbe side 

He met opponents in men of a less of this, they have little cause to 

imagi aiive and more compreben- laugh at Mr. Owen. Surely, he may 

give character than himself, wno con- meet them at least with confidence 

fnted hi<» first principles; and, of befofc every wise and thinking man. 

Course*, heat down the glittering su- He does not, like them, begin with 

perstrui'tnre . he had raised to da2zle sapping the foundations of public 

the pubirck. He was met also by virtue, by preaching up insurrection 

men of feebler mind than hfmseir, and murder; he does not dislocate 

who, though equally visionary in the frame of society, by teaching the 

their particular way, were not half poor that they have a right to tbe 

10 honest i and finding parliamentary property* of the rich i he does not 

reform, and invectives against go- encourage idleness, bv making every 

vernroent, no part of the new scheme, poor man a political declairoer, a»> 

with characteristic mob violence, fell piring to the honours of the hero of 

like thunder upon tbe poor innocent the factious club, and the oiator of 

theorist, and broke up his meetings the ale-bench, to the negle<;t of bis 

in disorder. Mr. Owen*s crime with family, and the pursuits ot honest in* 

the first class was, that he was too dustry. There is nothing demor»> 

much a visionary : with the second, lizing, at least directly so, and there 

that he was not visionary enough ; is nothing revolutionary. Mr.Owen^ 

that he ' did not consider rtdHfal for them, therefore^ may keep hit 

changes In gotemment necemry; countenance/ 

4 On 



1 96 Mr, Oweu's Plan for the Employment of the Poor. [Sept. 



Oa the other hand, one cannot but 
be surprised, however we may ad- 
mire some of the principles laid down 
bjr Mr. Owen, thai the plan erected 
upon them should e?er have received 
so much countenance from any, as 
to induce .him to make the attempt 
to interest the publick in it. Mr. 
Owen's main assumption, that << po- 
pulation does not press upon subsist- 
ence!** was ably exposed by Major 
Torrens; and the contrary principle 
beins impugned, all the miseries 
which affect the operative classes in 
the present system of society must 
gradually invade his Utopian estab- 
lishments, and bring them upon the 
operation of the same laws. The 
fact, we apprehend, cannot be dis- 
proved, that population advances 
more rapidly than production. It is 
in Yaiu to contend against it : every 
plan for the amelioration of society 
ought to hold it in contemplation ; 
and though partially its operation 
has been distressing, is now felt to 
be to, iand will often in future ages 
and places be so felt, ^et, upon the 
whole, society has received, and will 
receive; the greatest benefits from 
it. It may be felt as an hardship in 
our condition in particular places and 
at different times; but it is a prin- 
ciple which is ever working, in the 
general scale of human society, the 
most important results. From the 
necessity thus created, the most use- 
ful inventions and the improvements ^ 
in agriculture have sprung. The 
full energies of man, physical and 
mental, could not have been so fully 
developed ; our population would not 
have extended to diffusively through 
the earth. It is this principle, con- 
stantly operating, which originates 
and maintains the colonization of de- 
sert or savage countries with an en- 
lightened population from old and 
improved states ; which circulates the 
knowledge, arts, and power of one 
' part of the earth through the other ; 
and which will bring every part of 
the earth under cultivation, and co- 
ver it with a cultivated and exalted 
society. — If any speculatist should 
ask, what, then, will be the result? 
it is enough for him to know that 
neither he nor his children will live 
to see it. — Equally objectionable is 
the manner in which the plan is held 
out to public favour by the relief it 
would give to the Poor-rates. The 



legitimate object of these rates \§ to 
afford relief to the aged, infirm, and 
sick poor, in the first place, and thea 
to the industrious poor willing. to la- 
bour, and yet not able to obtain it, 
or an adequate remuneration for it. 
This we consider one of our noblest 
civil institutions; and we know of 
nothing arising out of it as a matter 
of question, except to guard against 
abuses, and to equalize the common 
burthen. Poor-rates, however, can 
never become burthen some generally, 
except when the industrious poor 
cannot find adequate employment. 
But unnatural and systematic at- 
tempts to afford that employ per-s 
manently must ever fail, l>ecaiiie 
they are unnatural and systematic 
It roust ever be the intere^it of ca«> 
pitalists to employ the industrious 
when their labour will affVird a pro* 
lit, which profit is regulated by the 
demand. In this way the Poor-rat^s 
are naturally relieved $ but when the 
national commerce languishes,, aud 
the demand is lowered, whether agri- 
culture and manufactures be carried 
on in the settlements proposed bj 
Mr. Owen, or on their present plaD» 
the poor become alike needy, and 
must lean upon JParish-rates, or some- 
thing analogous. This must be true 
generally ; but we are willing to al- 
low, that, on a small scale^ the Poor- 
rates may often be relieved by be- 
nevolent or even avaricious enter- 
prise, taking some neW direction. 
This will be soonest effected by the 
pressure of the Poor-rates ; for, the 
necessity being felt, all the resources 
which are available to multiply pro- 
ductive and profitable employments 
will be put into requisition. The pro- 
ject of cottage farms seems deserving 
of attention in this view ; all im- 
provement in morals and knowledge 
will have this effect; many of Mr. 
Owen's hints are worthy or conside- 
ration ; but all these are totally dis- 
tinct from a general plan of coveritt|^ 
the country with settlements, and sur- 
rendering its resources into the hands 
of Companies of Monopolists. 

The Plan is wholly objectionable 
on another ground. • These settle- 
ments must, of course, generally, be 
in the hands of Companies. Now, 
when was business well managed by 
a Company ? In every case there is 
either great neglect and indolence, or 
iigurious monopoly. Such a scheme 

too, 



] 8 1 7«] Mt. O vven^s Plan for the Employment of the Poor. 197 

loo, we conceive, would depress tap> than a feather when .brought iu com- 

lent, and destroy Tariety of ^eniup. petition with the cae§ethe» hqueniti 

It would, give a systematic and mo- Indeed I cannot help thinking that it 

uotoQoos tone to feeling and habit 9 is quite as reasonable to ' refer the 

it might destroy, as Mr. Owen siip-^ distresses of these hard times to tbs 

poses, many old prejudices, but it malignant influence of this unfortu- 

would give rise to new ones: and nately prevalent eril, as to any of 

aboTe all^ we agree with the objec- the specific causes tp which they aror 

tion of some of the Reformers them- commonly attributed. I wish that 

selves, it would destroy the political that great Patriot and Orator Major 

independence of the people ; and in* Cartwright would but take the mat- 

troduce a system of coercion and ter into bis serious consideration; and 

slavery, which would change and with a little assistance from a certain 

abase our National character. City Orator, who was very conspica* 

For ourselves, we think that so- ous on the above-mentioned occasion, 
ciety is progressing. The dififusion he would soon be convinced, and able 
of knowledge, the operation of Sun- to convince such another meeting at 
day and other Schools among the that which was holden a few dayi 
Poor, the diffusion of the principles ago-^that such a perpetual incliaa- 
of Religion by the circulation of the tion to debate upon every subject. 
Scriptures, are all in activity conn- good, bad, and indifferent, i^ ten 
teracting the principles of Jacobin- times more prt^udiciatf both to ptik» 
ism and Infid^ity, raising the stan- He and individual interests^ than any 
dard of morals, and regulating man- defects in the representation of the 
ners. The operation may be too slow people of England in Parliament, 
for men of sanguine habits; they may But, whether such a concluKion fol- 
fancy that air-balloon schemes may low or not, I would heg leave to re- 
bring us more swiftly to our object ; commend to those who may io future, 
but we confess that we love the through love either *' of strife or de- 
beaten track, the often-tried ezpe- bate,'* he inclined to signalize thenn 
riment; we suspect all novelties, and selves in talking largefy about nod^- 
account it a good rather than an evil sense, to refiect, that although tri- 
that even truth makes slow progress; fling upon some subjects is not only 
because that is a pledge that she will excusable, but pleasant, there is one 
not suddedljf retrograde. which ought never to be trifled with, 

^ yea, two, the Christian Religion and 

Mr. Urban, Theobalds^ Sept, 1. Sincerity. What shall we say then to 

WITH all becoming deference those who heard Mr. Owen's tirade 
for the wisdom, patriotism, upon the errors and mischiefs which 
and benevolence, of the Citizens of he declared to be inseparable from 
Loudon, I cannot avoid expressing the Dispensation under which we have 
my surprize and concern that the the happiness to live, and his avowal 
wildest and most visionary Plan which of a desire and design to wipe away 
ever entered into the mind of a sober all those ancient prejudices, in which, 
man to conceive — that of Mr. Owen, according to his opinion, the greater 
respecting the Employment of the part of the civilized world has been 
Poor, should have been made the enchained for eighteen hundred years? 
subject of their serious and grave — to those who, with professions of 
discussion. A single moment's re- piety, morality, religion, and patriot- 
flection must surely have been suf- ism, for ever in their mouths, com- 
ficient, to discover the infatuation plimented Mr. Owen upon the design 
which alone could suggest so chi- and the niotive of his undertakings 
merical a scheme : and I can con- and lament that it is impracticable ! 
ceive no kind of excuse for such a — You and 1, Mr. Urban, have passed 
meeting as that which was lately through too many years, not to know 
held to debate upon ir, besideii the by experience, that such a flimsy dis- 
desire- of making speeches. Some guise as that of pretended philanthroi- 
good folks, and some too amongst py has often covered the most mis- 
the busy Citizens of London, Mr. chievous schemes : and you will join 
Urban, are so fond of hearing them- with mC in lamenting that, in spite 
selves talk, that house and family, of such experience, any jcions of that 
andsbopandcustomers, weigh lighter rank weed, which was planted by 

Arius 



in Jiev. Samuel Partridge.-— A'r W. Wol«el«y, £ari. [Sept* 

Arius or Socinutperbapi, and watered first, wife left no f prf Win^ cbildren. 

by Bolio|rbroke, Voltaire, and Tom By bii tecoiid trife, whom be lost ia 

Paine, should he fostered or encou- 1797, be had four children, still iiT- 

raged under any mistaken notion re- iog, a son and three daughters, 

specling its nature or qualities. His worksy I believe, are rightly: 

When Reformists boldly ayow that enumerated i with the exception of 

they build their schemes upon the bis Critical Articles in the British 

prospect uf loosening the sacred bonds Critic, to which he was a voluntarf 

of society, by undermining that rock and very useful contributor, from its 

of hope, which as men and Christians origin to the close of the first seriei i 

if our best and surest anchorage-^it never receiving anjjr remuneration for 

cerlainljf becomes us not to trifle, his labour. In writing for that Re* 

not to rompliment, not to hesitate f view, he was expressing and circnlnt* 

but boldly, decidedly, and unequivo- ing, in a manner calcuulted for gene- 

cally, to coMDBMH both the motive rat utility, his very sound principles 

and the luelhod. And this may cer- in Church and Slate } and there* 

tainl} be done without City meetings fore he considered the patriotic ex:- 

or long speeches. ertion as its own reward. ** Lah^t 

Yours, &c. Ecclesiastic vs. ip$e Foluptas.** So testifiea of him, 

m one who long knew, and alwaji 

Mr. UaBAN, Beading^ Sept, ^, highly esteemed his . talents and 

YOU have been misled, p. 186, by worth. Br.N. 

the Biographical Dictionary of m 

Living Authortj in a very inaccurate «, n.BA* ^^* Charing Crwff 

account of my friend Partridge, of ^^* ^JHBAH, g^^ j^ 

Boston, who was a native of Lin- TJEING a constant reader joftheGcn- 

colnshire, and no more related to JO tleman's Magazine, I was forry* 

Mrs. Partridge of Salt-hill, or her .to find in that of last Month, p. 188, 

husband, than you are. Having by a very erroneous statement respect* 

rae a tfkelch of dates, relating to ing the late Sir William Woiseley's fa* 

himself, which he sept me in 1807, mily $ and, though 1 have lost a nnidi 

I hasten to send you a more correct valued parent in bin dealh, 1 am bap* 

account. R.N. py for your information to slate that 

— ^^ mv Mother is still living i and instead 

Samuel Partrid^e'Sras born at Lint- of my fatbes ouly having had two 

coin, in the Parish of St. Swithin, sons and two daughter*, lie had Aie 

July 25, 1750, probably therefore sons, three of whotn are still livii^, 

July 14, New Style. If then he Charles, the present Biaronet, Uenrjp, 

died after that day, he was in his and William- Edward i William,, tfte 

sixty-eighth year. His parents were eldest son, died when only nine years 

both natives of Lincolnshire, and of of age, and Robert, as tUUed in 

genteel rank. He was never at Eton, pour Magazine t and seven dao|ph- 

nor at any other public School, ex- ters, viz. Charlotte and Sophia died 

cept the Grammar School of Lincoln, when very young, and Sufannah, 

In 1768 he was entered a Commoner when 19 years of age, and four still 

at Corpus Christi College, Oxford: living, viz. Maria, Charlotte, Caro- 

nnd it was not till 1775 that he was line, and Cecilia ; ike three hut are 

chosen a Demy of Magdalen. In married i the first to Miyor-gen. 

1772 he took his Bacbelofs degree Brown; the second to Robert Haig, 

in Arts, and in 1775 was elected a esq.ofEdinburghiandtbethirdtothe 

Fellow of that College, and in the Rev. Mr. Prowett, nephew to the 

jame year took his Master's degree. Bishop of Norwich. My eldest bro* 

He had other previous preferments, ther married, first, the daughter of 

but did not become Yicar of Boston Thomas Clifford, esq. of Tixal Hall, 

till 1785. It is true, therefore, that Staffordshire, who died in the year 

be was 32 years Vicar i and he was 1811; and in 1819 he married again 

nearly as long in the commission of Anne the sister of Anthony Wright, 

the peace. In 1797 he had also the ^. of Suffolk. For my own mar* 

Vicarage of Wigtoft cum Quadring, riage I refer you to the Scotch Peer*' 

from tne gilt of the Bishop of Lin- i^e, Earl of Dysnrt. My brother, 

•ola ; which living he held with Bos- William Edward, is a Bachelor. I 

too. He waa married twice, but bit hare taken the liberty of fi? iiig you 

this 



1617.] Mr. CtLHer m the Mmunml Iff BBgchett iw 

iMf ffateineot,, Mag well conviaeed (ftofcd m each ti4e the iiaTe, choir, 

tlmt M EiSfari are happy when Ihej Ac*)* ^od were situated internally a| 

fcaty an opportanity of rectifyiar their Eastern eadi) giving their «pil- 

a«y mIfltakA that may oecar in tbd? hellishment to monuments aioae, 

Pfahficatioai*. Haaav Wolsblbt* • are ifet up at the external west ex* 

m tremity thereof t. Proofs of sqci^ 

[It !■ not without a painftil feeling of practice still remain at Wells, Batb| 

ffcgret that we give insertion to the Westminster, Tewksbury, St. Alban^i. 

last oommunication of an Old Friend, Hexham (here an at ta# table is aiN 

' wboas aeal in the cause of antient tolntely visible), Winchester, &c. ftc. 

Knglish Architeetare is well known ta j being fully confirmed in all tbis^ 

ear Raaden. Although wc^oannot ^h^t becomes of my Gallic corrector'a 

.dfaltsmZi, and hU skUl in archi^ec. '^Mtjliyree the mast of an highalUr? 

tural antiquities, but above aU for his ™^ **'''"? ^9P^ *^ ^"'f ^H »» fS^ 

integrity, and disinterested persever- oeraHy understood to be the oat- 

anec in whatever he considered to he "^ .«>«*.«'»* «f * Catholic priest when 

correct and Just. See our present <»wciating, and so used by me.— Whe« 

Mon^VObituary, p.S85. Edit.] tber "elevating the host," or <ilher- 

Mr. P axAy, At^. «0; wife, if correct, is a matter of indif* 

^TVn corrections of L*Hommb i>ai fiireace.— I must still, and I hope ever 

X Champs' p. 31. are pf a sample ih^llf retain the ** intense warmth of 

with Mr. J. S. Hawkins's visiUtion of ^J imagination,*' ai 



and the idea of thft 
** Fifty" Churches, which he inform " immense overlayings and setting! 
as (Tol. I.XXXIV. Part i. p. 565) he ^^rth of altars aad screens." 
^ recollected to have seen i" though, I have with miKh satis&ctioa goni^ 
liadl he in reality been in " ofie,'^he <»7er the Rev. Mr. Fosbrooke'e i|ew 
probably would have trumpeted out edition of ** Manners and Customs of 
thename. Perhaps this Afenfimr is my the Monks and Nuns of England i** 
old JFriepd under a new guise, or elue ^^ note that he speaks of small altara 
he never would have %o barefacedly oisposed about our churches With; 
set up to defend a question with- curtains to draw round ihero, &c.-<« 
out the least authority in his hands, |' Horn," 1 always iniagined.as Mr. F. 
when I have an exact copy of the informs us, filled-in the perforations 
orig'mal document itself before me. ^o our earliest windows, so as to afford 
r repeat, that Dagobert's monument the light required. -.«. '« Anchorets" 
Wfsplaced(according to theview)on ^^^ their cells; something of this 
the South side of the choir, and that ^^^^ ^\ Eastern end of South aile 
a small altar projected from it, &c. of choir, at St. Albans. At Glou- 
It was no shrine, but a mere table cester Cathedral the crypt retains two 
with a small embellishment above : or three cells, but extremely difficult 
the dimensions of the whole, by ofaccess, having stone seats and other 
proportioning it to the surrounding objects, as noticed by Mr.Fosbrooke. 
%ui«s, not more than 18 feet by 9 Yours, &c. J. CARraa. 
feet. There was no intention to insi- m 
nuate that this small altar made the Mr. Urban, Haihem, Sept. 13. 
least part ofthe high altar. Exarain- rpHE following pathetic lines are in^ 
ing well my drawing, it appears as an X scribed on an elegant liuleraoatt- 
o^asional appendage for the purpose ment, by Bacon, embellished with an 
of celebrating some peculiar festival appropriate has relief, which has re- 
m honour of the Saint, or for the re- cently been placed in PrestwouM 
pose of the soul of Dagobert ; there- Church, co. Leicester, in memory of 
fore placed of course by the memo- one of the Heroes of Waterloo, no- 
rial of the latter. The space in pro- tjced in your vol. LXXXV. i. 645 j 
jectiou of said table does not in any ^nd jyiay not be unacceptable to those 
wrt hide theacenery of the high altar I ^ho are so fortunate as to possess 
therefore my description still, I pre- ^he History of this Codotv. 

Slime, holds in force. Small altar • -^ 

tables made a certain portion, beyond t It is to be observed the table in 

ail doubt, of monumental thapels " correction" is so disposed as to fi^ce 

— • — ■ the Went, whereby those at devodoa tarn 

^ We are particularly so. Edit. to the East as usual. 

"To 



ft 

200 Epitaphs on MaJorV^.ckef He. — D. C. L. a/ Oxford. [Sept. 



«« To the Memory of Robert Cbriito- 
pher Packe, Major of the Royal Regi- 
ment of Horse Guards Blue, who was 
killed at the Battle of Waterloo, June 
18, 1815, aged 33 years. 

His Remains lie buried on the Field ; 
and his Parents have raised this com- 
memorative Marble. 

Tho* manly Virtue, withered in the bloom, 
Has sunk for ever to an early tomb, 
We will not mourn for him, that rais'd 

his band 
To gu^rd the blessings of his native Jand, 
And seal'd, observant of his Country's 

claim, 
A life of Honour with a death of Fame. 

Pride of thy Parents, gallant Spirit, 

rest! 
In life belov'd, and in thy end how blest! 
When wild Ambition wav'd his banners 

high, [to die j 

Fearless, and foremost thou hast dar'd 
And nobly won, on England's brightest 

day, 
A Victor-wreath that shall not fade 

away !" 

I subjoin two other Epitaphs from 
the same Church, which have been 
placed there since the publication of 
Mr. Nichols's History of the County. 
Oue of them is for the worthy old 
Gentleman noticed in vol. LXXXl. 
ii. 288 ; the other for a Sister of the 
Hero above recorded. 

" To the Memory of 

John Noon, Esq. 

of Burton on the Woulds, co. Leicester, 

who died August S5, A.D. 181 !> 

aged 70 years. 

Also to Anne his Wife, 

who died December 10, A.D. 1806, 

aged 53 years. 
This Tablet is gratefully inscribed 
by Charles Godfrey Mundy, Esq." 

** In Memory of 

Frances, 

Wife of Robert Andrews, Jun. Esq. 

of Harleston Park, in the County of 

Northampton. 

She was married on the 16th of May, 17 09 f 

and died on the 13tb of October, 1800, 

• in the 36th year of her age. 

In the same Vault are deposited 

the remains of her infant son Robert* 

She was the eldest daughter of 

Charles James Packe, Esq. 

by Catharine Clifton, his Wife. 

Her amiable disposition 

rendered her most deservedly lamented 

by her family and friends, 

and by a most affectionate Husband, 

who has caused this Monument 

to be erected." 

Youn, &C. A Teatsller. 



Mr. Urban, Sept, 15. 

AS innovationf, either th Church 
or State, are extremely danger- 
ous, I cannot see, without great con* 
cern, the confusion which is likely to^ 
follow upon a change, of no great im- 
portance in itself perhaps, in the mode 
of conferring Degrees m the Univer- 
sity of Oxford. 

I think that it was some time ago 
announced by that learned body, 
that in future the superior degree 
in one of the faculties was to be 
that of Doctor of Civit Law, instead 
of LL.D. as had been the practice in 
times past. So far all was well. It 
was, probably, a matter of perfect 
indifference to Marshal Prince Blu- 
cher, whether be were a Doctor of 
Civil or Canon Law (though some 
punster might perhaps doubt it); but 
It surely could neirer be intended by 
such a regulation that those who had 
already graduated, should be deprived 
of their antient academical honours: 
and yet I perceive that the venerable 
Bishops of Durham and Winchester 
have been shorn of part of their titlef» 
and now stand D.C.L. as if they bad 
graduated but yesterday. I very 
much question the right of the Uni- 
versity thus to change a title once 
conferred; and it appears the more 
extraordinary, that in so many in- 
stances (reference being made to their 
Annual Calendar) they should appear 
to have done so; and yet that the 
Regent, the Chancellor of the Uni- 
versity, and the Duke of York, should 
still remain at the head of the re- 
splendent catalogue with LL.D. at- 
tached to their respective titles. 

Consistency is so n^uch to be ad- 
mired, and the reverse so much to 
be deprecated, esoecially in such a 
quarter, that I nope some better 
excuse can be made for this appa- 
rent absurdity, than that it has 
arisen from the influence of fashion; 
like the laying aside of full-bot- 
tomed wigs for those jockey sub- 
stitutes in which the Judges indulge 
themselves, and which, if the rage 
for innovation should extend from 
the heads of Houses to the Episco- 
pal Bench, may, ere long, present 
us with natty crops and bob scratches 
as accompaniments to the Lawn and 
the Mitre. 

It is unnecessary, perhaps, to add, 
that f am an old-fashioned fellow, 
and foriDerlj LL. D. 

Mr. 



fw 



6M n- .rT«i^J*-f.»m 




1817.] Oratory^ or StoJie Piilpity at SYivevfshxxry Mbey. 201 



Mr. Urbaic, Au^. ZQ, 

THE accompany io^ View of an 
Oratory, or Stone Pulp.t, in Che 
Abbey-gardens at Shrew«ibury (see 
Plate I,) will be best illustrated by 



nastic habits, one of them a female, 
probably St. Wenefrid, the other a 
monk: the height of every figure is 18 
imhes. The arches on the Southern 
side are without ornaments, and are 



the following extracts from •« Some "°^ ^'"^^ ''P^" ^^o feet from the floor. 

Account of the aolient and present ^jjf beauty of this singular fragment. 

State of Shrewsbury," published ano- !! ,• '' conceived to be not older ihan 

nymouslv in 1810, but now known to !„ i\'"%f "^"""y V". is much height- 

be the production of the Rev. Hugh T^uA Xl ^"'^"'"'^"'V'^^' 'Y' »"«"^lw 

Owen AM F S A • a Work which I- u • ^ ™*'^'"''' ^'"* "^ '^'' s^»n«» 

«hr"h h.7;;M:'-;„ '1. "II!*'''!' :^^!^»^ 'l grey ; w^iut an the other re- 



though humble id appearance, re 
fleets the highest credit on its Author, 
as an intelligent Antiquary*. 

<< The remain of this antient Abbey 
that merits most at^eiitioq, perhaps, is 
a beautiful little structure un the South 
side of the garden : its plan is octagon, 
six feet in diameter. Some broken 
steps, which did npt belong to it origi- 
nally, lead through a narrow flat arched 
door on the East, to the inside. The 
South part stands upon a fragment uf 
the ruitiS. The corresponding side 
projects considerably from the wall, 
resting upon a single corbel, termi- 
nating in a head. From this point it 
gradually swells, bouiid with . a multi- 
tude of delicate ribbed mouldings, until 
it forms the basement under the floor. 
An obtuse dome of stone-work is sus- 
pended over the whole, at about eight 
feet from the base, supported on six 
narrow pointed arches, rising from pil- 
lars similar to the mullions of windows. 
One of the remaining sides of the octa- 
gon is a solid blank wall, and in the 
other is the di.or. The roof within is 
vaulted on eight ribs, which spring from 
the wall, immediately under the cavity 
of the dome. At their crossing in the 
centre is a boss, bearing a representa- 
tion of the crucifixion, considerably re- 
lieved. The spaces between the divi- 
sions of the thiee NortUern arches, 
four feet above the bottom, are filled up 
with stone paiinels, over which they are 
entirely open ; a circumstance which, 
by admiuing the light, is productive of 
a beautiful effect. On the centre pan- 
nel are two small figures in elegant ta- 
bernacles ; in one ot these is the figure 
of an angel, in the other that of a wo- 
man whom he is addressing: the whole 
seems intended to represent the Annu:i- 
ciation. The right hand pannel is em- 
bellished with images of St. Peter and 
St. Paul, bearing their respective sym- 
bols, with similar enrichments; and 
that on the left has two figures in mo* 



• This 
LXXX. ii. 



Work is reviewed in vol. 
pp. 458, 550. Edit. 



mains of the Abbey are of a heavy deep 
red. '^ 

*• Few subjects, so diminutive, havjt 
more excited the conjecture of the Anti- 
quary, or the admiration of the Artist. 
It is generally denominated an Oratory ; 
and is so called by Mr. Pennant, bqt 
without any good reason." The Romish 
Oratories were closets, or little private 
apartments in a large house or castle^ 
usually adjoining a bedchamber, with a 
small altar and book stand for private 
devotion, to which this building has no 
resemblance. 

"As among our numerous conventual 
antiquities there does not seem to exist 
any thing exactly similar, it is not easy 
to ascertain its specific use. That it 
was raised for the purpose of public 
speaking, its form appears to indicate, 
for almost every antient stone pulpit 
within a church that remains with us, 
projects thus from the wall, as the beau- 
tiful ones at Worcester, Wolverhampton, 
andNantwich; and hence it has been 
called a preaching- cross, such as were 
common in monasteries, standing in the 
open air, of which we hive a fine speci- 
men in the convent of the black friars at 
Hereford. That building, whih is an 
hexagon, and open on every side, was 
probably surrounded by the cloisters, 
where a large concourse of jjeople m-ght 
attend, under cover, to the preaching of 
the friars, who greatly atFected address- 
ing the multitude from these kind of 
pulpits. There seems, however, to l)e 
one essential difference between such 
structures, and that in question ; the 
l)reaching-cross was a completely* in- 
sulated building, but the jiulpit at 
Shrewsbury, evidently connected with, 
and formed a part of some other. Tlie 
dome, als»», does not appiMr calculattd 
for the support of a crucifix of the mag- 
nitude of those with which the building 
at Hereford, and similar st ructures, were 
crowned, it is imagined, and perhaps 



Ge.nt. Mag. September, 1817. 

2 



^ "The pulpit in the first qtiadrangle 
of Rlagdah'ii Coll'/ge, Oxford, though it 
l).i» n.» cross, is, it must be owntd, in 
ftOiiie defies an exception to this rule." 

with 



204 



A contemplative Ramble. 



[Sept. 



1A COHTEMPLATIVE RamBLE. 
HAVE ofteD thou^^ht that there 
is great tublitnity as well at 
beauty in a serene Summer'f even- 
ing, after the tuo has sunk below 
our hemisphere. A profound tran- 
quillity seems to pervade the face 
of universal Nature; the sultry heats 
of the day have given place to the 
shade* of approaching night, which 
heightens the solemu aspect with 
which the fare of Nature seems en- 
circled. Distended with a secret joy, 
the eye bounds over the scene which 
rises before it, and marks the yaried 
objects which present themselves: — 
the woods, unruffled by the breeze, 
point their yariegated foliage to- 
wards Heaven in silent majesty ; — 
the herds recumbent, or uncoo- 
■ciously grazing; — (he fields cloath- 
ed ID a mantle of verdant green « — 
the deep roar of the diNtant cataract, 
aided by the soft murmuring of a 
neighbouring rill, combine in trao- 
qnillizing the mind, and inspiring a 
devotional frame. 

Lost in contemplative emotions 
|he eye wanders on, and finds no 
limit to its range, until the whole 
country within the reach of its vi- 
fion lies pictured before it, varie- 
gated under a thousand different 
forms and imposing appearances. — 
Inspired with sensations of gratitude 
and delight, the spectator raises his 
eye towards Ueaven, and considers 
the vaulted firmament now darken- 
ing with tl^e dusky hue of evening. 
The Western sky still glowing with 
the bright lines of departing day, of- 
fers a vast and unbounded expanse 
to his imagination ; and the stars in- 
credibly remote, as they successively 
appear darting their faint beams 
upon the giddy sight, heighten the 
grandeur and sublimity of the scene; 
and seem as if lighted up in some 
unknown universe, by some power 
foreign to that which created these 
elements. These gradually and im- 
perceptibly increase upon the spec- 
tator, until at length the whole con- 
cave of Heaven glitters with the light 
of ten thousand fires, and pour its 
"wide effulgence aroand the solitary 
individual ; whose thoughts, lost in 
immensity, are wandering amidst 
new worlds, and remain quite un- 
conscious of the dim spot upon 
which he treads. 
On fuch an CTening, feeling in a 



(fontemplative frame of mind, averse 
to the noise and bustle which always 
mark the buiy haunts of n:en, I 
sought in retirement that relief 
which solitude is often wont to give. 
Emerging from the village, I quickly 
passed the Church yard which marks 
its extent, and ruminating on the va- 
rious objects which rose about me, 
walked unconsciously on, until I 
found myself in a spacious field^ 
beautiful in its various scenery, and 
highly calculated for the retreat of 
the individual for whom solitude has 
charms. A grove of majestic beeches 
on one hand reared I heit lofty beads 
in sullen state towards Heaven, be- 
neath whose shade, at the foot of a 
declivity, flowed in gentle, but deep 
murmurs, a river which served as its 
boundary ; before me rose a double 
row oi venerable elms, which ex- 
tended as far as the eye could reach, 
whilst on the other, the country pre- 
sented an open aspect to a consider- 
able extent. 

The moon was now rising, and had 
chased away the dark shades of even- 
ing, which had previously began to 
close fast around me, and to envelope 
the face of Nature ; the hum of the 
distant village, with the occasional 
tinkling of the sheep-bell, broke at 
intervals on my ear; and the sooth- 
ing murmurs of the neighbouring 
riyer powerfully aided the solemnity 
of the landscape which exhibited it- 
self on either side. Tranquillized 
vrith a secret emotion bordering 
upon awe, \ lifted my eyes towards 
Heaven, and surveyed the trembling 
vault sparkling with lights sunk in 
illimitable ether. Theinoon, emergf 
ed from the horizon, presently shone 
with resplendent majesty, and in si- 
lent pomp poured the broad efful- 
gence of her light over the race of 
mortals which people this terrestrial 
globe ; the generality of whom, im- 
mersed in sordid pursuits, absorbed 
with the trivial events of the pass-^ 
ing hour, remain heedless of the un- 
bounded prospect, and the exhilar- 
ating views which dilate the soul, un- 
^logged with the festers of earth. I 
fixed my eyes on her disk — indescrib- 
able emotions of pleasure and of awe 
took possession 6f ray frame. I re- 
mained lost in contemplation, wbils$ 
a rising train of ideas successively oc- 
cupied the mind. Various haye been 
the speculations, endieis the conjec- 

tiires« 



! s 1 7.] A conlnnplatice Ramble. 205 

turc), which hate agitated the learned ciliet) although finite, Ihej ma; ez- 
cunceciiiiig jon hright orb of night : i>t Icm vtilrierahle bj the nunieroui 
her circumlereace, her turface, the ilti whkh mint ever attend mortal 
mean of ber diilauci;, her rcialitc Iir:, and nhull; ignorant ufthe jiell; 
■itiiatmn irlth regard lu dlher bo- vexation) which itsail iiur Seeling 
dies, tl>e lawi by which her revoiu- iialiire. Puaiihij an iatelligence of 
tions are guveined and circuiDicrib- theae unknown regi'ina ma; even 
ed : — all have been determined with iion be l<iukiiig luirurdt our jilaDcl, 
the iiiuit pertevering care, aod wilh and apccutaliuii u tu iti probable 
all the (ireciaion of which objecli ao capacil), aud haKardiog conjecturea 
remote from human observation can as to the forint, number, nnd intel- 
piiiiibly adiuit. Geomelrj hai nii.'a- lectual tttXc of the aaiiuated i>eiiiga 
sured her, the teleacopic art has been who itibnbit it j they mnj ii|icGulale, 
applied in its nioit powerful eflect in and their lane; ma; crtale a thou- 
order to a.tcertain her magnitude, the landfurnii, huge, mii->ha|)en, unna- 
natufc of her esiilence, and what are turaij and while imagination ii Ibui 
her probable cuntentst and yet how at wotk, the; ma; pniudl; aouma 
little do we kuuw of htT actual state in poini of superiority, the aoTo- 
BoU dcpendenciet I Whether she be reignt; of the universe, and tecrelly 
inhabited, la a quealion which all the adore that Providence who hai en- 
inathemalJpiana, aatruiiomers, and alampcd his itnsge on them alone in 
men of science which Cfer cxiiied his wide dnmaJD of crcaliun. Whiiat 
are unahle (o determine, and which iheic revolving ideas paised in rapid 
the profniindest inquiry, the most succession acruii the mind, wrapt io 
Bcate rctearch, and the loniest ape- profound thought, my senset wander- 
culation, from the crealiun to the ed uncimiciuuily to icenL-i slill mots 

Eretent da;, have uot aSbrded uscer- rcmolej and unmindlul of the damp 
lin and infallible ground whereon vaponrs of eieaing, which had be- 
t() decide. But though Science has guo tu ascend around me, I lurveyed 
not affiirdcd ui proofi, the ha), by the glittering cnncaveof[leavea,BDd 
unfolding vast diicoteriei, given a pursued my speculations in regiooi 
colour to numberlesi cunjrclures, and prodigioiisly removed from the spot 
leflsufficient rDom,b; reaioninglruoi uf earlh im which 1 uluod. 'the 
ao.ilogv, to suspect it to be formed thread of my excursive soliloquy wat 
for purpose) not iuferiorto tbo)e of resumed. 

our own planet. "Those planets which shioe will) 

Our finite vision, accelerated hy lo bright and iteadfast a light, may, 
artificial aid, haa delcrmined it Id he by the s:ime analcigy, hy reasonabl* 
spherical, a vast globe, — diveriilied Msumplioni, deduciblu from the saioa 
in a roauner nearly resembling our principle', be auppoaed lo form 
earth t into 'and and water, moun' iiptieres of tike aspect, and an atmu- 
tainsioleriected wilh vallejs, watered sphere teeming with the animalinff 
probably with rffers anil I'ountaint, gnd vegetative principle of life, and 
and vegetating with the same pro- inhabited b; a race of morlalt ap. 
portionable degree of luxuriance proximating alill higher in the scale 
which attends the planet on which of intellectual being. Here reaioo 
we live. These are slrong presump* niay assume a widened leope of know- 
tiuna of its being the abode of ani- ledge, anddiscerument, farbeyuod our 
mated and intetlcctael beings. But ulmoit powers of conception. Their 
if inhabited, by whom? What are moral endowments may also be pro- 
the beings destined to people a ter- portionably increased, and their na- 
ritory which has ever remained so ture, although still finite, rise supe* 
taaccesiible to human knowledge? rior to Ihe petty calamities which 
Doubtless by a race of luurlals, have damped our highest joys, and 
doomed, like ourselves, lo exist in mingle unwelcome remembrances 
an imperfect slate of finite energies with our moat ardent and a<pirin^ 
and mental vision i chained like our- dreams of happiness. Oh I could we 
selves lo the surface of that revolf- climb those remote sphere*, aud at- 
ing sphere around which they vege- tain those lowering heights of men- 
tatei hut poxibly of a ditferent COD- tal capacity, — that cumpreheiuive 
formation in their material frame, graip of vision which probably <li^, 
and eadoited witb far higher capa- tiDguisho tbeae uDknovu creatures. 



% 

200 Epitaphs on Major Vsicke^ Kc. — D. C. L. at Oxford. [Sept. 



" To the Memory of Robert Christo- 
pher Packe, Major of %he Royal Regi- 
ment of Horse Guards Blue, who was 
killed at the Battle of Waterloo, June 
18, 1815, aged 32 years. 

His Remains lie buried on the Field ; 
and his Parents have raised this com- 
memorative Marble. 

Tho* manly Virtue, withered in the bloom. 
Has sunk for ever to an early tomb, 
We will not mourn for him, that rais*d 

his hand 
To gu^rd the blessings of his nativejand, 
And seal'd, observant of bis Country's 

claim, 
A life of Honour with a death of Fame. 

Pride of thy Parents, gallant Spirit, 

rest! 
In life belov'd, and in thy end how blest! 
When wild Ambition wav'd his banners 

high, [to die ; 

Fearless, and foremost thou hast dar'd 
And nobly won, on England's brightest 

day, 
A Victor-wreath that shall not fade 

away I" 
I subjoin two other Kpitaphs from 
the same Church, which have been 
placed there since the publication of 
Mr. Nichols's History of the Countv. 
One of them is for the worthy old 
Gentleinan noticed in toI. LXXXI. 
ii. 288 ; the other for a Sister of the 
Bero aboYe recorded. 

** To the Memory of 

John Noon, Esq. 

of Burton on the Woulds, co. Leicester, 

who died August 25, A.D. 1811, 

aged 70 years. 

Also to Anne his Wife, 

who died December 10, A.D. 1806, 

aged 53 years. 
This Tablet is gratefully inscribed 
by Charles Godfrey Mundy, Esq." 

'< In Memory of 

Frances, 

Wife of Robert Andrews, Jun. Esq. 

of Harleston Park, in the County of 

Northampton. 

She was married on the 16th of May, 1799* 

and died on the 13tb of October, 1800, 

■ in the 26th year of her age. 

In the same Vault are deposited 

the remains of her infant son Robert. 

She was the eldest daughter of 

Charles James Packe, Esq. 

by Catharine Clifton, his Wife. 

Her amiable disposition 

rendered her most deservedly lamented 

by her family and friends, 

and by a most affectionate Husband, 

who has caused this Monument 

to be erected." 

Yours, &C A TftAYBLLEE. 



Mr. Urban, Sept. 15. 

AS innovations, either in Church 
or State, are extremely danger- 
ous, I cannot see, without great con- 
cern, the confusion which is likely to^ 
follow upon a change, of no great im- 
portance in itself perhaps, in the mode 
of conferring Degrees m the Univer- 
sity of Oxford. 

I think that it was some time ago 
announced by that learned body, 
that in future the superior degree 
in one of the faculties was to be 
that of Doctor of CtrtV Law, instead 
of LL.D. as had been the practice in 
times past. So far all was well. It 
was, probably, a matter of perfect 
indifference to Marshal Prince Blu- 
cher, whether be were a Doctor of 
Civil or Canon Law (though some 
punster might perhaps doubt it); but 
It surely could never be intended by 
such a regulation that those who had 
already graduated,sbould be deprived 
of their antient academical honours : 
and yet I perceive that the venerable 
Bishops of Durham and Winchester 
have been shorn of part of their titles, 
and now stand D.C.L. as if tbey bad 
graduated but yesterday. I ver^ 
much question the right of the Uni- 
versity thus to change a title once 
conferred; and it appears the more 
extraordinary, that in so many in- 
stances (reference being made to their 
Annual Calendar) they should appear 
to have done so; and yet that the 
Regent, the Chancellor of the Uni- 
Tersity, and the Duke of York, should 
still remain at the head of the re- 
splendent catalogue with LL.D. at- 
tached to their respective titles. 

Consistency is so cfiuch to be ad- 
mired, and the reverse so much to 
be deprecated, especially in such a 
quarter, that I nope some better 
excuse can be made for this appa- 
rent absurdity, than that it has 
arisen from the influence of fashion i 
like the laying aside of full-bot- 
tomed wigs for those jockey sub- 
stitutes in which the Judges indulge 
themselves, and which, if the rage 
for innovation should extend fronoi 
the heads of Houses to the Episco- 
pal Bench, may, ere long, present 
us with natty crops and bob scratches 
as accompaniments to the Lawn and 
the Mitre. 

It if unnecessarT» perhaps, to add, 
that f am an old-Tashioned fellow. 



and formerly 



LL.D. 
Mr. 




Mini- visfti H^ 



1817.] Oratory^ or Stone Pulpit ^ at Bhrevfshwrj Abbey. 201 



Mr. URDAif, AuS' SO. 

THE accompanying View of an 
Oratory, or Slone Pulp.f, in Che 
Abbey-gardens at Shrewsbury (see 
Plate I.) will be best illustrated by 
the following extracts from *' Some 



nastic habits, one of them a female, 
probably St. Wenefrid, the other a 
monk: the height of every fijjure is 18 
imhes. The arches on the Southern 
side are without ornaments, and are 
now quite open two feet from the floor. 



Owen, A.M. F. S.A ; a Work which, 
though humble in appearance, re- 
flects the highest credit on iff Author, 
as an iDtelligcnt Antiquary*. 

" The remain of this antient Abbey 
that merits most at^entipq, perhaps, is 
a beautiful little structure on the South 



SI 

six feet in diameter. Some broken 
steps, which did npt belong to it origi- 
nally, lead through a narrow flat arched 
door on the Ea»t, to the inside. The 
South part stands upon a fragment of 
the ruiiis. The corresponding side 
projects considerably from the wall, 
resting upon a single corbel, termi- 
nating in a bead. From this point it 
gradually swells, bouiid with. a multi- 
tude of delicaie ribbed mouldings, until 
it forms the basement under the floor. 
An obtuse dome of stone-work is sus- 
pended over the whole, at about eight 
feet from the base, supported on six 
narrow pointed arches, rising from pil- 
lars similar to the mnllions of windows. 
One of the remaining sides of the octa- 
gon is a solid blank wall, and in the 
other is the d(.or. The roof within is 
vaulted on eight ribs, which spring frcm 
the wall, immediately under the cavity 
of the dome. At their crossing in the 
centre is a boss, bearing a representa- 
tion of the crucifixion, considerably re- 
lieved. The spaces between the divi- 
sions of the three Northern arches, 
four feet above the bottom, are filled up 
with stone pannels, over which they are 
entirely open ; a circumstance which, 
by admitting the light, is productive of 
a beautiful effect. On the centre pan- 
nel are two small figures in elegant ta- 
bernacles ; in one of these is the figure 
of an angel, in the other that of a wo- 
man whom he is addressing: the whole 
seems intended to represent the Aniiu.i<i 
elation. The right hand pannel is em- 
bellished with images of St. Peter and 
St. Paul, bearing their respective sym- 
bols, with siinilnr enrichments; and 
that on the left has two figures in 



which IS grey; whilst all the other re- 
mains of the Abbey are of a heavy deep 
red. ^ 

" Few subjects, so diminutive, haTjt 
more excited the conjecture of the Anti- 
quary, or the admiration of the Artist. 
It is generally denominated an Oratory; 



de of the garden : its plan is octagon, * . ** ^^ called by Mr. Pennant, bijt 
X feet in diameter. Some broken J'^thout any good reason." The Romish 

Oratories were closets, or little private 



mo- 



• This Work is reviewed in vol. 
LXXX. ii. pp. 458, 550. Edit. 

Gent. Mag. September, 1817. 



apartments in a large house or castle, 
usually adjoining a bedchamber, with a 
small altar and book stand for private 
devotion, to which this building has no 
resemblance. 

"As among our numerous conventual 
antiquities' there does not seem to exist 
any thing exactly similar, it is not easy 
to ascertain its specific use. That it 
was raised for the purpose of public 
speaking, its form appears to indicate, 
for almost eveiy antient stone pulpit 
within a church that remains with us, 
projects thus from the wall", as the beau- 
tiful ones at Worcester, Wolverhampton, 
and Nantwich ; and hence it baa been 
called a preaching- cross, such as were 
common in monasteries, standing in the 
open air, of which we h we a fine speci- 
men in the convent of the black friars at 
Hereford. That building, \\\iv\\ is an 
hexagon, and open on every side, was 
probably surrounded by the cloisters, 
where a large concourse of people might 
attend, under cover, to the preaching of 
the friars, who greatly affected adJress- 
ing the multitude from these kind of 
pulpits. There seems, however, to he 
one essential difference between such 
structures, and that in question ; the 
preaching-cross was a completely* in- 
sulated building, but the pulpit at 
Shrewsbury, evidently connected with, 
and formed a part of some other. The 
dome, also, does not appear calculated 
for ihe support of a crucifix of the mag- 
nitude of those with which the building 
at Herefj)rd, and similar si ructures, were 
crt)wned. Jt is imagined, and perhaps 

^ "The pulpit in the first quadrangle 
of Magdalen College, Oxford, though it 
h.'.i u.» cross, is, it must be owntd, ia 
sou-e d<?[;ies an exception to this rule." 

with 



2 




Annib Wilson. 



1817.] Portrait of Annie Wilson. — ^Rodin Caihedr(d. 209 



Thomas Jeryis, intituled, " The Me- 
morial of the Just," which was 
preached on occasion of the death of 
his lamented friend, and was pub- 
lished some months ago. Had this 
fallen within the observation of your 
Correspondent, he would hare found 
the tract which was the object of his 
enquiry mentioned in its due course, 
and without reserve. R. S. B. 



Mr. Urban, Edinburgh^ May 10« \ 

YOU know me better than to ima- ■ 
giae I should be so yain m to 
suppose my attempts at delin<irting 
figures possess in them " mwfti of 
the lustre, freshness, or spi'ijt of 
Rembrajidt;" or that they bear the 
most distant similarity to th^- natu- 
ral attitudes of Ostade :*-yet»' allow 
me to fancy, my Figures, not. so. up- 
heaped with hardnesses, the drapery 
not so indifferent, or that onr con- 
ception of expression in the numan' 
countenance is not so W/jetched,-— 
as those of a certain AmateiAr, — 
whose Etchings have been praised 
and compared to the beautiful Works 
of two of t^e first Artists in that par- 
ticular branch, — but in my humble 
opinion very undeservedly — e. g. 
Marie Stewart, in the Countess of- 
Marr's Household Book ! ! ! 

The Etching I have sent (See Plate 
II,) is an humble endeavour to en- 
teriain the Readers of the Gentle- 
man's Magazine, by conveying to 
them an idea, wilh the aid of a de- 
scription, of the kind of character it 
was my aim to represent: — this, I 
trust, will be admitted with the ac- 
customed welcome my little commu- 
nications have hitherto received.' 

Lately did I journey with some 
friends to Roslin, a place ranked 
amongst the romantic; — the situa- 
tion is fair ; but the deficiency of 
water and timber, the two. grand ac- 
companiments of Landscape; — the 
unvaried, shapeless rocks, with a ruin 
which neither can claim a romantic 
nor a picturesque appearance $ ren- 
der Roslin in a slight measure un- 
worthy of the praises, which our 
Northern Minstrels so very frequent- 
ly lavish upon it. The Chapel is one 
of the most beautiful and perfect 
specimens of Gothic Architecture ex- , 
isting at this side of the Tweed ; — ^its * 
walls are entire, and the dark brown 
coloured stone of which it is cqh* 

Geht. Mao. September^ 181T. 



structed, is beautifully tinted with 
all the variegated blotches an iocniit- 
ed v^etatioD can bestow. An old 
woman takes care of it, and shews 
each cry^it ««nd buttren with the 
greatest possHile minuteness to those 
who; are led^l^. curiosity to gaze on 
tbe beauties that inark this Pile. 

JLume Wihbn radtes the Latin £pi. 
tapfirwitb apparent facility I but her 
proAiineiatioii iir;to harsh and dis- 
cordantr that to an English ear jt ii 

Suite uninlielJigible : — if any thing in 
,)e way orlnt^rruption comes across 
ber, she co'knmences.once more her 
elegant demonstration, her narrative 
of the. Apprentice's Pillar, with "hit 
bead bearing the scar just aboun the 
brow that Eui matter made upon it, 
bif' mother's -bead represented at If 
bewailing thedeath of her son, and 
tbe apprentice's maister's head, just 
before he was hangit," and finisbet 
with her recitation of the Latin Bpi- 
tabhs.* This venerable damsel» of Ca- 
ledonian nativi^, at first sightstrudL 
roe as a curiosity : she has held tbit 
office a ^reat number of years; and 
during tnis period, to use her own 
words, *<Jias puttit three gude men 
anunder:the yearth." Impelled by 
some degree of enthusiasm to rend 
from oblivion curiosities of whatso- 
ever description, I made a sketch 
of her, which my companions pro- 
nounced with great emphasis " an ad- 
mirable likeness:'' would that I could 
say as much myself. From this 
Drawing I attempted the Etching, 
which 1 send with all due regard for 
your wonted kindness in inserting 
the trifles of Yours, &c. R. S. 

Mr. Urban, Sept, S. 

IN Jan. 1816, I sent you some 
Letters in the Correspondence 
of Eminent Men with my Grand- 
father Joseph High more. I have 
lately' found among my late Sis- 
ter's papers an original note in the 
hand -writing of Samuel Richard- 
son, which 1 now send yuu, as it 
properly belongs to that Collection, 
though not then discovered; and I 
particularly wish for your notice of 
it, because it tends to shew that the 
portrait of the truly eminent Dr. 
Young was a head only, that pro- 
bably'it was the only one for whicb 
be sat, anA his aversion to the cere- 
mony. This confirms what I have 
often heard my late father declare, 

that 




Ain«iB"Wtt.s<»N. 



Thomas Jeryis, intituled, " The Me- 
morial of the Just," which was 
preached on occasion of the death of 
his lamented friend, and was pub- 
lished some months ago. Had this 
fallen within the observation of your 
Correspondent, he would hare found 
the tract which was the object of his 
enquiry mentioned in its due course, 
and without reserve. R. S. B. 



1817.] Portrait of Annie Wilson. — ^Rodin Caihedr(d. 209 

strueted, is beautifolly tHited with 
all the variegated blotches an incnnt* 
ed T^etatioo can bestow. An old 
woman takes care of it, and shews 
each crylpt and bottreM with the 
l^realest possHile minuteness to those 
whO'Sre led Iry. cnriosit? to gaze on 
tbe-beauties that iHark this Pue. 

• Anoie Wihbn recites the Latin Epi* 
tapfirwithapparept facility I bather 
proAiiodatioii ir^so har»h and dis- 
cordantrthat to an English ear jtb 

Suite uninldligiMe : — if any thing In 
le way of li^mption comes across 
ker, she colmmences.once more her 
elegant demonstration, her narratiye 
of theAppreetice's Pillar, with « bis 
bead bearing the scar just abouo the 
brow that his master made upon it, 
his' mother's 'head repreieotea as if 
bewatling the death of her son, and 
the apprentice's maister's head, jost 
before he was hangit," and finishes 
with her recitation of the Lalui Bpi- 
tabhs.' This venerable damsel, of Ca* 
ledoniaa nativi^, at first sightstrudL 
roe as a curiosity : she has held this 
office a imat number of years; and 
during tnis period, to use her own 
words, <*Jias puttit three gude men 
aounder.the yearth." Impelled by 
some degree of enthusiasm to rend 
from oblivion curiosities of whatso- 
ever description, I made a sketch 
of her, which my companions pro- 
nounced with great emphasis « an ad- 
mirable likeness:" would that I could 
say as much myself. From this 
Drawing 1 attempted the Etching, 
which 1 send with all due regard for 
your wonted kindness in inserting 
the trifles of Yours, &c. R. S. 



M r. Ur B A N , Edinburgh^ May 1 9. 1 

YOU know me better than to ima- 
gine I should be so vain as to 
suppose ray attempts at delinilrting 
figures possess in them ** mijfti ot 
the lustre, freshness, or spuiit of 
Rembrajidt ;*' or that they bear the 
most distant similarity to th^- natu- 
ral attitudes of Ostade : — yet,- allow 
me to fancy, my Figures, not so up- 
heaped with hardneMcs, the drapery 
not so indifferent, or that my con* 
ception of expression in the numao' 
countenance is not so Witetched,-— 
as those of a certain AmateiAr, — 
whose Etchings have been praised 
and compared to the beautiful Works 
of two of t^e first Artists in that par- 
ticular branch, — but in my humble 
opinion very undeservedly — e. g. 
Marie Stewart, in the Countess 'of 
JVf arr's Household Book ! I ! 

The Etching I have sent (See Plate 
II,) is an bumble endeavour to en- 
tertain the Readers of the Gentle- 
man's Magazine, by conveying to 
them an idea, wilh the aid of a de- 
scription, of the kind of character it 
was my aim to represent: — this, I 
trust, will be admitted with the ac- 
customed welcome my little commu- 
nications have hitherto received. 

Lately did I journey with some 
friends to Roslin, a place ranked 
amongst the romantic; — the situa- 
tion IS fair ; but the deficiency of 
water and timber, the two, grand ac- 
companiments of Landscapes — the 
unvaried, shapeless rocks, with a ruin 
which neither can claim a romantic 
nor a picturesque appearance ; ren- 
der Roslin in a slight measure un- 
worthy of the praises, which our 
Northern Minstrels so very frequent- 
ly lavish upon it. The Chapel is one 
of the most beautiful and perfect 
specimens of Gothic Architecture ex- , 
isting at this side of the Tweed ; — ^iti * 
walls are entire, and the dark brown 
coloured stone of which it is con* 

Geht. Mao. September^ 181T. 



Mr. Urban, Sept, S. 

IN Jan. 1816, I sent you some 
Letters in the Correspondence 
of Eminent Men with my Grand- 
father Joseph High more. I have 
lately found amon^ my late Sis- 
ter's papers an origmal note in the 
hand -waiting of Samuel Richard- 
son, which 1 now send you, as it 
properly belongs to that Collection, 
though not then discovered; and I 
particularly wish for your notice of 
it, because it tends to shew that the 
portrait of the truly eminent Dr. 
Youn^ was a head only, that pro- 
bably-it was the onl^ one tor which 
be sat, and his aversion to the cere- 
mony. This confirms what I have 
oftea heard my late father declare, 

that 



21 10 Dr, Young. — Mr. Richardson to Mr. Highmore. [Sept. 



that there was but this oDe portrait 
eyer taken of him ; that he could not 
discover in whose potsession it wai; 
and that the Viguettes which have 
appeared at the head of some editions 
of his works are not genuine copies 
from the original painting, but merely 
imagined countenances. The figures 
of the date, and the note at the foot 
of the Letter, are in the hand of my 
late aunt, Mrs.Duncombei and they 
shew the fact, that Dr. Young, and not 
Mr. Richardson, paid for it. 

As this picture i^as given to Mr. 
Richardson, it is probable that some 
of his surviying family retained the 
possession of it after his death f and 
if any of them are now possessed of 
such a treasure, it would be a yalu- 
able acquisition to society, that they 
yrouLd either place it in some Public 
Collectibn, or permit an accurate En- 
graving to be taken from it ; and it 
would confer upon the grandson of 
the Painter, and an admirer of the 
Writings of both the Authors, par- 
ticularfy of Dr. Young, a very grate* 
fol obligation, that he were favoured 
with their permission to visit it; and 
you will, Mr. Urban, add much to ray 
yeneration and esteem by affording 
me an introduction. 

Yours, &c. A. Highmore, 

33, Ely Place/^ 



To Mr. HiGHMOBE. 

Dear Sir, 

1 have obtained of Dr. Young what 
none of his Friends have hitherto 
been able to obtain — that he will sit 
to the pensil. The Pleasure he has 
received this Evening at your House, 
and particularly in your Conversa- 
tion, has greatly contributed to his 
Assent. The Piece is to be mine, 
and I shall put a just Value upon it. 
It will be most suitabre to the Place 
I design it to fill, if it be a Head only, 
not an Half Length. Be pleased to 
giv^oie your Time, the sooner the 
i fmp» least he should change his 
roindf' or not stay in Town long 
enough to have it finished. He in- 
sists upon my attending bun ; and 
thinks .he shall not have Patience to 
sit it out. I am, Sir, 

yours and your young Lady's 
Most obedient Serv^ 

Tuesday Night, S. Richardsov. 
[Ocl^ 1 

or U754. 
Nov^ J 

Do'. Young p<*. for it 

l»t. Dec'. 1154.] 

N.B. The Letter appears by Seven 
Plaits to have been folded together 
in the narrow shape which was at 
that time, and long afterwards, cus- 
tomary, for a Note. A. H. 



COMPENDIUM OF COUNTY HISTORY. 

HUNTINGDONSHIRE. 

SITUATION AND EXTENT. 
Boundaries, N. £. and East^ Cambridge. N. W. and West, Northamptqn. 

South, Bedford. 
Greatest length 30; greatest breadth 23 ; circumference 100 ; square 359 miles. 
Province^ Canterbury. Diocese^ Lincoln. Circuity Norfolk. 

ANTIENT STATE AND REMAINS. 

British Inhabitants. Iceni, of whom the heroine Boadicea was Queen. 
Roman Province, Flavia Cassariensis. — Stations, Duroliponte, Godmanches- 
tcr or Huntingdon. Durocobrivae, Dornford Ferry. 

5}Xon Heptarchy, Originally East Anglia, afterwards by conquest, Mercia. 
ntiquities. Ramsey Abbey. Bluntisbam, St. Ives, and St. Neots (tower 

150 feet high) Churches. Kimbolton Castle. 
Ramsey was a mitred Abbey, founded in 969, by Aylwin, totius AngH» 
Aldermannus, through the persuasion of St. Oswald, Bp. of Worcester. In 
it were buried the founder and its sainted Abbess Elfleda. Among its relics 
were the cheek-bone of St. Egwin, and the cowl of St. Alphage! It cou- 
tained a very valuable Hebrew library, and several of its Monks were learned 
Hebricians. 

St. Ives derives its name from Ivo, a Persian Archbishop, saic^to have 
died and been buried there, about 600. St. Neot's obtained its appellation 
froni the relicks of St. Neot hating been removed thither from Cornwall. 

Kimboltoq Castle, was the retirement of Catharint of Arfsagon after her 
div#rce> who died there, January 8, 1536. 

PRESENT 



1817,] Compendium of the Bistoiy of Huntingdonshire. 

PRESENT STATE AND APPEARANCE. 
Riven. Ouie, Nene or Nrn, Cam. 
inland NavigaliBa. Nen aoj Ouie riven. 
Lakei. Whiltleicn, Rams«j, and Veg merei. 

Eminenees and I'iews. Alconburji hill. Bluiiliaham Charch'jard. Huljwell. 
Natural Curiotilie). Hailne*ton and Soincmbam lueilirinal natert. 
Seat/. Kimbolion Caille, Duke of Mancticsler, Lord Lieul. of the Count}. 
Buckden-palace, Bp. orLincola. Paxtoa-gitace, Pointer Staolej, eiq. 

CoDDiogtua-cantlt:, Jubu Beathcote, Paiton-iiouie, BichBrdH<^TDaldi,eiq. 
esq. Ramsey, William QeDr;Fellowe>,eii|. 

Elton, Earl oFCarjirort. Slirlliie, Lunrelot Brono, eaq. 

Gaiui-linll, J- Duberle;, e<q. ^tougliton. Earl Ludlow. 

Uinchinbruuk-bouse, Earl of Sand- Up wo ud- ho use. Sir Richard Bicker* 

wich. ton, barl. 

OvcrtODLongueTilk.Earl of -Ibojne. Viewa, The, George Sharpe, eiq. 
Memberalo PaTliameal. For the County, S; Hjnlingdon, 2; total 4. 
Produce. Wheat, Itarlej, Beau, Oali ; Eelt, Wild-fanl. 
Menufaclurfs. Brewing, Yarn. 

POPDLATION. 
ffundrcdi, i i Parithet, 101 ; Market-ttwni, 6f Houtes,T,Tl9. 
IhhabilanU. Males, S0,4 09 ) Females, SI, e06. Totnl 4g,«06. 
faniiVief employed in Agriculture, S,361 ; in Trade, 2,805; id oeither, 1,S43: 

total 8,S03. 
BaptUms. Malei, 613; Female), 59l.—IUarrittgef, 3bl.—Buriali, Malet, 
4461 Females, 404. 

Totcna contaioing not le«s than 1000 Inhabitants, Tiz. 

Huutei. Inhnb. Uouiec. Inhab. 

HuntiogdoD (capital) 4T) a,3BT Godmandieiler 40S 1,779 

9t. Ives 489 S,4ae KimholtoD SB8 1,100 

Ramiej 484 a,390 Yaxley 171 1,391 

St. Neots. . - - '- 403 1 ,9Ha 

Tolal, Towoa, 7 : Houses, S,693 : InhabitaQti, 13,771. 

HISTORY. 
A.D. I9SS, The Earldom of HuolingdoD (which appertained to the Crffwn 

of Scotland from the time of SlepbCD) pranteif bj Edward 1, to Wit- 

liam Clinton. 
1645, HuDlingdon (Auguit SS), taken, and the Parliament aria a Caplajn 

Bennett itain b; Charlei 1. 
1648, at Si. Neols, Ju1;7, Royaliiti lurpriied and defeated bj Colonel Scroop i 

and their Commander, Benrj Rich, Earl of Holland, iborllj aflerwarS* 

taken priionef at SI. Ivei, and coDvejed to London, wh^re be wat 

beheaded. 

BIOORAPay. 
Beaumai*, lurnamed Rufux, Bp. of London, Sawtrey Beaumes (died 1 l!S.) 
Bioughlon, Richard, author of " Monaiticuto Britannicuro," StiikeJey (flor. 

temp. Jac. I.) 
Cotton, Sir Robeat, antiquary, Denton, 1510. 
Croniwell, Bridget, eldest daughter of Oliver, iriie of Iretoo, Huntingdon, 

16H4. 
Cromneil, Elizabeth, favourite daughter of Oliver, nife of John Clajpoole, 

Hunlingdun, 1639. 
Cromwell, Henrj, Lord Deputy of Ireland, Huntiugdon, 1638. 
Cromwell, Sir Oliver, geocroui and lojal, Hinchioorook, 1563. 
Ckomwbll, Olmen, Regicide, Protector, HuQliDgdoii, 1599. 
Chokwei.1., RicBliLD, Protector, Huatlngdon, 1G26, 
Diijfi, Sir Willi^im, founder of Boaworlh acbooi. Lord Major of London, 

WS5, Great Catworlb. 
Dunton.John, Bookielle