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7/77 THE 

Gentleman % Magazine: 

I A-N D 

Hiftorical Chronicle. 

For the YEAR MDCCXCII. 
Volume LXIL 

PART THE FIRST. 




S, SYLVANUS URB A-N, C,«. 



LONDON, Primed by JOHN NICHOLS, 

at. deiri^t Hta<i, Rtd Lion Pagagi, Fttit-Strtrt : 

And fold be fLlZ. NEWBERY, the Comet of &. Poul'i 

Oiritriiril, liuli«f Stria, 179a, 



ADDRESS TO SYLVANUS URBAN, Esq. 

OK COMPLETING ^HIS^ SIXTY^-SECOND VOLUME. 

AGAIN revolving Time his record brings 
With dread variety upon his wings ; 

War, horrid War, flalks wafteful o'er the land ; 

Confufion madly hurls his flaming brand ; 

The foul aflaiiin, darker than the night, 

With recking (laughter ftains the morning light ; 

The gown no more by. Juftice ;5 maintain'd ; 

The Ilur's fcornM, or openly prophan'd i, 

tVjth wildeft Aoarcby fair Order blends, 

And all diftinftion in confufion ends ! 

But not for Britain are thefe traits defign'd, 

From fucb by patriot vigilance confin'd, 

The fage aiiertor of true Freedom's caufc. 

And genuine ** liberty that loves the laws/' 

Hence may thy tafk, Sylyanus, never ccafe 

To cultivate the happier reign of Peace ; 

Far, very far, be hence that fatal rage, 

Which with oblivion threats th* enlightened page ! 

May milder Fates this favour'd fpot defend, 

And Science ftill at all its temples bend I 

And, as thy vehicle's the general choice 

Of Learning's Commons^ and their genuine v^ice. 

Still may we read in ev'ry volume's pile 

Th* increafmg blcffings of this favour'd ifle : 

Here the majority a judgement fways. 

Or pleafing probability conveys. 

Till from all lides opinions meet the fight. 

And from their contaft truth is brought to light. 
Still more each rank and order here affords. 

While Poetry creates her mimic Lords ; — 

Yet not their names, or Jlars^ obfcurc tlie rcfl, 

Enraptur'd thofe if by fome Mufe carefs'd; — 

If but a fprig of laurel they can claim. 

Or jull a whifpcr from the trump of Fame. 

Urban, the object of unbiafs'd choice. 

As King proceed to give tlie cafting voice^ 

Form and dilpofe, as thou at iirft began. 

The varioTis members of thy fruitful plan ; 

Check the licentious^ and the modeft raife 

hy each diftinftion that commands our praifei 
" 1" rom Jkcb pmogatives the good excel, 

Befides the luxui y of a£ting well ; 

1 lius each combines the uieful and the fweet. 

While Fame and Honour in one focus meet; "^ 

/ind lirMcc the Mak the pleaiing ta(k pcrfo/ms, 
iJcriong; by Trath appro v'd, t^cr UtircU blcii%ia^qx,iASU 

-^^^^ 3h M792. 



^ m ; 



PREFACE* 



THE Editor of the Gentleman's Maoazxnb contemplatei the Gbn^ 
plcciun of ir& Sixty-fecond Volume with delight and j^ratitiuie. Thb 
delight and this gratit.ide is the more increaiiKi from the Reoolledion, t^ 
the Competitors tor the Favours of the Publick become every day more and 
more numerous ; he has, therefore, the greater Rcafon to be fatisficd thai 
his welt- meant Endeavours retain, what they ever have been exerted to de« 
l'cr\'e, their proper ihare of the Public Countenance and Elleenu 

We have yet again lived to fee turbulent tnd perilous times ; but we d^ 
not fear that we inall Hill continue to behold the Solid Good Senle of £«• 
glifliiTHrn dilpel the Miils of Sophiltry and vain Philofophy; we iiill hops 
tu know that Vice and Folly can never triumph over Virtue and Wiidom j 
and we are fully convinced that ihe BleiCngs and Advantages of the Britiik 
Conftitution are as permanent in thcml'elves, and as equally diffufed, as the 
infirmities of human kind will warrant, or its real'onabie faculties enjoy. 

To the Conflitution, they whofe labours are devoted to tlie Gentleman's 
Magazine have ever been firm, confident, and iyllematic Friends; we may 
dely thole who have been mod envious of our Succefs to prove, that wc 
have in any inllance deviated from the Integrity of KngliQimen, to favour 
any Pi/:udiccs of sny Party, at the F.xpence of our general Duty to tlie 
Publick. To this Conduct we fliall adhere " ith Heady pcrfevcrancc, unin- 
fluenced, and uointimidated. We Hand on the lirm bale of our Country- 
men's good Opinion ; and we well know they will never remove us froni 
it as long as we fliall continue to vindicate their tnie and proper Inteicits. 

We arc compeUed alfo to avow the melancholy Truth, that we have he-. 
held the caule of Religion, and conlequenily the bell hopes of iMan^ auda* 
cioully attacked by Ibme, and infidioully uiuiermined by others* In tii^s 
rcfpecr we may venture to claim to ourfelves fomc Portion of Applaute. 
We have been vigilant in counteracting iheie Attacks, in whatever Form, and 
from whatever (Quarter, they caaie; being well allured that we could not 
heiter lerve or promote the genuine Happincfs of our Fellow-beinos, tha« 
by averting ail Contamination from thole Springs, which, riling iu tue Firli 
Principles of Tilings, are to terminate only in iLteraity. 

We will not conclude this Introdu^ion without promvdng our numerous 
Reidefs an agreeable Augmentation of their Ainuicmeni in our Poetical 
Depaitment. in this refp^Ct, we have adopted a new Plan, which canr.oc 
tail of ijuccel's; new Corrcipondents cf diitinginlhed Taitnts have voiuu- 
tarily otlcred us their Affiilaiice; and it will be the Empl -yment in fuinic of 
one Peribn alone to lelect and arrange our various Comuiunicariuns of 
Poetry. It has been our Pride and Happinefs to foikr and encoura^^e Ge- 
nius and rifidg Merit of every Defcripiion ; and we beg that we mny now 
be conlidered as holding out a general Invitation to all who arc fentiDle <>f 
an amiable hnuilation, to enlarge the Gratiticaiions of the Publick, at th.e 
tnuna Time that ihf:y a^dteriail/ piomotc liicir own individual Impcttvca.cuv* 



[ iir ] ^ 

AD SYLVANUM U R B A N U M* 

VERB novo, ut priroum ftellai Aurora fugaviti 
£ faortii apiuro fervida turba ruit: 
Pcrque agros certatim et pafcua lasta volantesi 

Eatremo nesferunt veipere mella domum. 
Inde favos liquido diflentoi ne^tare flipant, 

Et teda ambrolio munere plena fluunt. 
Haud aliter kMieps etiam, tu Urbane, per annoi , 

Viribui intradis, utile fingis opus* 
Sic tibi diverfbs ezercent miUe labores> 

Et Tariasfubeunt fie tibi mille vices. 
Dee. jr. A— D. 

ODE TO THE PEOPLE OF BRITAIN. 

AS, from a caodie dropt, feme little fpark 
Unheeded lies, and fmoulders in the dark, 
Fann'd by the wind, it burils into a blaze. 
And, riiiDg by degrees, its power difplays ; 
If then, upon the newiv-kindled fire. 
Ere to too great a height its flames afpire, 
By Ibme bold hand a little water 's thrown, 
The fire 's eztind, and fcarce its place is known. 
But if, when burning forth, its flames arife, 
Scar'd at the fight th' obferving coward flies, 
Increafiog fwift, it (jpreads around the room, 
Fierce burfb firom thence, and fires the lofty dome^ 
Rapid it flamea, confutnei the manfions near. 
And all the trembling city fills with fear; 
In vain on every fide a conftant fiiowV 
Of founting torrents num'rous engines pour; 
Still, flill it fpreads ! no bounds iti couri'e refirain, 
Ris'n to its heigh tb, all mortal powV is vain ! 
Then tow'rs, and palaces, and temples, fall. 
Wrapt in confuming fire; one fate attends them alls 

So if, when reliefs Faction's flame appears, 
AlTumiog boldnefs, we difcard our fears. 
Beneath our efforts the fcarce-lighted fire. 
To all innoxious, quickly will expire ; 
But if, through criminal ncgle£i or fear. 
We let the fiame piirfue its wild career, 
Soon may Rebellion's conflagration I'pread, 
Blaze fierce around, by Gallic breezes fed, 
CoMMEBCE, Religion, and the Laws, confume, 
JKxpiring Liberty fnare the gen'ral doom. 
Ring, Lords, and Commons, in one ruin fall. 
And Anarchy's iiiad reign extend at large o'er all. 

Snpci ior far to every treach'rous foe, 
Ye Ions of Britain, British spirit fhew! 
Shew that of STRENGTH, and wealth, and peace, pofleflf 
By tQUAL LAWS and eqjtal freedom bleft, 
\Vhcthcr to fccret art or open force 
Faction's rebellious fons may have rccourfc, 
Britons will flill fnpport that wond'rous plan. 
Which bell fecurestlie real rights of mav. 
Thofe charter'd rights, in many a welUfought field. 
Oft with their blood our anccUors have feal'd ; 
So will their has thoi'c sacred rights maimaiu 
Again il defpntic pon'V, or Factiok's an awh SlEIG^. 



'he Gentleman % Magazine', 


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a AittttrtltgUal Dhrtii for Tiecemher, 1791; and Junuuy, 17921 

Diyl Wind. Barom, Therm Stale of Weitlier in December i;9i. 



Barom, 


Therm 


t'l.'i 


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S muderaU 
S calm 



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SW Tblent 

SW briflt 
S briOc 
W brillc 

brifk 



f"BE/> fs''' «'l day, ftarJ at night 
grey, fine day 
■ liie cle*r da^, h»td fruft 

clMff op, fun, aai pluTwit 
blue Iky, tliiucU, fhoueii 
cloudy, lud norms 
(now or flecl all day 

Trofi, ruiin> willioul muili inlertnilliiw 

fi o/l, fnimrj hui ends milb rain 

clear Iky, flurtny, but lieavy rain al iti^lit 

clear Ocy, fine 

hard froli, dear Ckj, mild and pleaCint 

loiirins, clean uji, tery ciikl al nigUl 

lieavy Troll, dear, i.iini at niglit 

' inns, mild loTi da;, nu (un 

A, loft warm day 
froft, fan, clear Iky, fine da/ 
frofl, clear, veiy wann and plealant 
keen froa, old bl^ick day, Ueec 
I, Jiai' " 



hail ftorms continued sU day 

dear (ky, (un gleams, ttxm'ers 
run, ftormy 
clear, fine day 
clear, line day 
' clear Iky, fun, and veryplealaat 
clear fky, thowers 

7. ViDlent Rorms in the night, and much lightaing. — 9. Th' fnnw three inches dee|>. — 
_i. Snoweigtic inches deep. — 14. Moft of (he /now melted nit ilie plains — ij. The winil 
11 round 1I1B compafs in thecourfe of the day. — iz. Ihe Qeel freezes as ilf.ills al ni^lil, i^nd 
l-enders the (ui face a continued piece of i««. Wind very high, and the cold air ]>ieiciiij.— 
94. A lremcnd<iu> cl^p of thunder about it o'cliick A.M. accompanied ivith a flalh of 
UghtninK- — :S. Snnw yet remains anJti the heilgcs, and much Innisr'r tliaii ufu.d in this dif- 
~ " — Fall of rain this moiuh 4 iiicliei a-ioths. Evaporation i-k " ~ 



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Meteorological Table for January, i7i>z. 

Height af Fahrenheit'* Theruomttcr. 



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44 


43 


.14 


rain 




V 




















3« 






:Iond/ 






!■; 


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3** 










35 


.41 


now and raia 
air 




i» 




,0J 


ram 



W. Camy, Mdibematictl la&iutntUt'Miiitr, o^^a&te Atuodcl-Sttect, Strand. 



THE 



(3 



Gentleman % Magazine: 

For JANUARY, 17Q2. 

^ ■ ^»^— ^ . ■ ■ I ■ ■ — I - II , — -^"^^ 

BEING THE FIRST NUMBER OF VOL. LXIl. j « R ■. I 



•♦• 



liht Editor lajf tbi t'w§ ftlionving Letl/rj as b& recei*v§d them be fort bis 
Rtaders ; ivbom be affures^ that, if t bey (ball be pie aft d to teflfff tbeir approbation 
cf tbt Plan propoftdt by ftndimg tbeir Subfcriptitms t$ Mejrs. William and 
George Nightingale, Bankers, N» 70, Lombard -ftrect, tbe Money /ball be 
applied only to tbt Purpofts for ijubicb it is jubfcribed, and an Account rtndtred 
of it in tbii Ma^azfnt. 

found your readers upon it in your next 
Magazine, wiih a petition to the judges 
of the Seaton Prize, to cake the trouble 
of determining up'^n this. The ufual 



pT^^^yH'St^UO U S ^U E tandem-^ 
W W How long, Mr. Urban, 

W W ^'^i* wciufferthis? Sir, 
^ "^ ^ I am an Enghfhman, 
38C 38( and '* I truft we have 

JBL}9C3BC)fl£jtt( within the realm fire 

hundred goo<i as me," 
many five hundred times told over; but 
we want, for the prefcnt occafiun, but 
one hundred of them (or ninety-nine 
with myfelf ) who, I think, would rea- 
dily run CO your (landard, if you will fee 
it up, for encouraging the produ^ion of 
fomeching much more worthy an Englifli- 
inan's perufal than the lately publiOied 
•' Imitation of the 13th Satire of Juvenal*' 
of Iri(h extra^ion (unnatural lri(h ex* 
tra^ion— tor how can a true InHimanbe 
HOC a votary of •* The GvKldtfs heavenly 
bright !") X mean. Sir, an iiniratiun of 
the Sch Satire of that Poet, Stemmataquid 
factunt; a mafUrly performance of which 
kind, with flowers of rich ridicule and 
noble indignation, from the feeds of Juve- 
nal, and other (cat:ered one», Giecian 
and Latian, which m;Ly without iinpio> 
priety be brought to blow in tiie I'pur- 
tive parte I re ot imitation, wiili its ** ample 
room and verge enough the chara£lers of 
Hell to trace" (that t may borrow a eool 
word from what h^s been called a tucum^ 
^rr, though Irhink more woitliy rhe name 
oi pine apple J i', at this time, mod cx- 
ceediogly wanted , and that we Ihould 
propoie a prize of a hundred guineas, to 
be given in cafli, or an honoraiy piece of 
plate, at his op:ion, to the winner. Or, 
if there fbould be Tuuo hundred Engli(h- 
incn, with their guinea apiece, as z::a* 
lous as I am for f uch a prooudtion, whyy 
fo much the better j as we hope that the 
production will defcrve it. Penfli the 
doubt, that, with good encouragement, 
and better principles, we (ball noc do zs 
nrcJl, or better than eoy im it iters of Ju» 
tea»l bite done/ J wiib you would 



precautions to be taken of coutft* for pre* 
venting the names of the unfuccc^sful can- 
didates from being ever known. Well, Sir, 
fuppofing you aie plcafed to announce 
the propofixiun in your publication for 
this month, vou will be enabled to tell 
us in that for Febru&iy, whcthtrit mrets 
witi) approbation ; and it it does, that 
the fublcription is open, and will con- 
tinue (o till St. George's day, the 13d 
of Apiil (an aufpicious day » *• Sc. 
Geotp'-' he was for Eotjlatid !") whtn it 
will clofe i and in your Magazine for 
April you will rrll us what the fubfcrip- 
tion amounts to, and when the compofi- 
tions are to be delivered in. On the fird 
of July, I think ; for three months, at 
fuch a fealon, when the Mule is moil 
propitious, and no chilling troft, as now, 
nips the hud of fancv, are as good as 
three years. Should the judges of the 
Seaton Pr'ze not yield to our entreaty, 
you will nominate others, or take the 
a<ivictf of your correfpondents upon that 
point amon^n the reii. 

Bui niight not this be an improvement 
of the fcliemc ; (uppofing the fubicrip- 
tion fhould amount :o two hundred gui* 
ncas, or vviiatcver it mav h iiiore, might 
it not be ativilcahlc, pr/f-ort/'one Jerv/ifdp 
to allot one hundred to the uioA mtrito* 
rious compotuion, fifty to' the (econd» 
thirty to the third, and twenty to the 
fouith? Tl)cv wouUi together make a 
charming volume, audit would be plealinf^ 
to ice how d flf^rent talents had treated 
the fame fut>j'^. There would be, I 
d()ul)t ni)t, ev«::n in the ^ouriii. many 
flowers that it wece a pity (houid " wade 
riieir fwectncfs on i\\c \\cVett. i\\," \ <t^tTi 
wiih the fublcripuon a\\^V\\. \)t ^^'^^^'^ 
eoough to cnablt u%, au^ \!tiu ^o>a\^^^- 



Suhfcrlption for a Juvcnalian Volume. 



[Jan, 



1 



"^icb \\\t volume, to offer fcmttliJog 
likcwife for the bcft cflTay in prole, and 
tbc hc''^ ^one, a.id ihc btft epignm, on 
ilu: fi uitiul" topic' of ♦' S:immata quid fa^ 
ciunt.** 

Your M.itT«zine ^dm'::*, to irs praifc 
be ic fp-okci', Mr. UrbJn. qutiVons ivi 
a!( lid.s, as an imparriil pul.licaiioD 
fliouicl i an: though ii»c In- am in yours 
hrt« lately, inore. noub:le(s, tioin accident 
than jir^'i'^n, rui>, or ftcmed to n»c to run » 
too tlrouply ai?ainft the way 1 wifii the 
world wcrt cairicd, I beg )eav«i tn alTnte 
vou, tnat I am very much your huml>!c 
fcrvaoi, and that, hkc Epicharmus, 

AUOAE! ME TO FKNOX *. 

p. R. I plcafe myielt wirh thinkini; 
that a late Imitator t will, hy an*! by, ;*t- 
traf^ »hc notice of a grateful public, a- a 
li^t Riflcaor did ti tor whit he has pro- 
li^tJtsJ — at this epoch, whcM a nv:mi>cr i)f 
VH.W, glowing, prtf^fra/iruthi, forihiy 
are none of them new in theory, fcuin 
condrnfuiw thcmfclvcs, and in our own 
t'.'^n^irphere, ioio an iniclle^ual (un, dif- 
tiilir.i:;, over nations, whicii, unlike ours, 
arc vcr groaning m the fiiackks of pali- 
iicai thraldom, r^vb of fuch wondrous 
p(>:cncy and Ipivir, is may foou excirc 
ihem, and more lironzly than even cor- 
poral infliflion, lo an animation pioduc- 
litcof their dclivtiance. Thus may wclec 
I'ome flicpiDg wiulc, vvhofc fprcading 
back api;r;ars ?.• ar. iflmd on the expanfc 
ot luc wide wateis, |;ut itfclt, vV;icn lead 
cxpe6Ved, into motion } and by tbai mo» 
lion alone, wirliout any effort, ovciturn 
ihc boatfuUs of Harpooncrs, who, hke 
thofe that are now (prawliny ai Coblcntz, 
Ijad iorp been amuting liicmitlvcb with 
iiiialts and dartings on the living mats §. 

iMore lad words. I luve juli b:.t.a 
reading the hiftory of 1 bomas Paine, 
which, were it a tiue one, would ihtW 
him to be a man wluile uflimoHy on any 
occation might be thought of hide wortb. 
But what has that to iXo with his ar^U' 
tutnttt wiiich, had not many of them 
l>een good and (li iking, and we Oiall foon 
fee mure fuch, would fcarcelv have been 
honoured by thii aitempt, vain and idle 
aft it is (if it docs not dcfeivc a much 
more (crious cpiihct) at ihcir dcpitcia- 
tion, in a hiftory, true or laifc, of the 
depraved Iitc of their pioj o'ci. Hear 



what Aiirtarchus f.ith : •* Nay, 



511. ar« 



♦ " I am fick of hearing of i>V//V— 
The firft words of his episrara ou that 
fuhiedt. 



f Mr. Murphf. 



Mr. Burkti 



gument is argument. You cannot help 
paving regard to ari;umcnts, if they arc 
good. Ir it were ttHirrony you mipht 
diii^lE^aTd it, if you knew ihat it weic 
purciiafcd. Thcie is a beautilui ima^c 
in Bacon upor rlrs tubj.ft; 7t/it'n:r.y is 
like 2D arrow L'lwt fior.j a \q\\^ i ow ; l':c 
force of it depends oo the fiitn;^ib of 
the hand that draws it. Ar^iitnt^^t i-, 
like an arrow from a ciofs'oow, ubich 
hAs ct[u-*1 fiTcc thoupb fl-.or by a ciiiul,'* 
Bolwei4':,Life, vol. 11. p. 4)4. 

JuH a** 1 w?s folding :I;ii up :o ftnd 
to vou, I wa^ called upv)ri by a Un^TUinc 
friend, to wbom I read ir, and wi.o, 
though much plc7,rc<J with ilic -ciitiTv. in 
^ereial, and prc(!:»'t;r,^ n.oic iucctf- ;o 
it thaii I f*ar the event vviil* jufffi, 
found, I think, unjuftly. !o many fa\-its 
with the mar.rcr of its b-.ii^p pro;v.<-d, 
that he uouid tain have liail 11. c write ic 
over a^ain, or a<id more to my ** nu.ic 
laik worcs/* neither ot which 1 co.i'.J 
picvail upon mytelt to do. hut tohl iiim» 
he mi^hi wiitc to vou hintfclt— :f 30U 
will lillcn to hib volubility. 

Mr. Urban, Jan. xo. 

You are are now addrcffed by that 
fanguinc friend, as AroXi» ^% to yiwf 
is pleafcd to call me — but if I am fan- 
guine, he is obP.inate, or whar, if he 
was not gTov^ing oM, would be almod 
as bad, very irilv. Sir, this fchrnie is a 
gloiious one in iilclf, and the caufe of 
human nnure { then why all this talking 
abou: Erglijbmeni and Englanei, and Su 
Gioriit^ As well might he talk about 
St George's Hall, and its ridiculous pa- 
geantry. 1 wilhcd him to Hrikc out all 
this, as the caufe i"> general. 1 am very 
fure that you will have not only many 
iubicnptiuns from Ireland and Scotland, 
but that there vv.ll he in the Geniufc^ of 
ihofc our fiUer-counirics many competi- 
tors for the piizes. And why there 
fiiould be a redri£lion to a finglc guinea 
I do not underltand j nor (hall 1 obfeive 
it, when you l«ave told u^ wlicie the fub- 
fcriptions will he leceived. Then again, 
the time he has allotted for the fublcrip- 
tion is too Ihort. Inftead of his St. 
George's day, I think it ihould be kept 
op.n till the 23d of May at lead, that 
tlierc may be time for the knowledge of 
it to pervade the £«r.pi:c. 1 cxpefi, in- 
deed, that fome focietics both in Ireland 
and Scotland, as well as at home, vviil 
take up the thing, and foon make hand- 
fome remittances \ but (liil there can he 
no harm in its being kept open another 
munth. Tbcy who mean tu be Candi- 



179^] 



Suhfiriptttn ff a JuvenaVian Volumi^ 



ilarcs, hoverer. may hegin their works 
at fooo as your next Magazine appears* 
in which I <lare fay you will be enabled 
to tell U9, that there wiU be a fubfcrip- 
lion wortht of iht C4u1'e.' The charm* 
ing voIuir.L*, which, I doubt not, we 
tti^W have, fui] as the iJei& of my friend 



fleady ftep, the flurdv body of the Trea<^ 
tifes in profe ; and the Songi and £pi-> 
grams, tripping lightly, as elegant oifi«| 
cers, in the rear. 

When I fay there will be a fubfcrip- 
tion worthy of thecaufe, I hardly knovr 
what to fet it at : but, fuppufm^ (and 



fuggcfls ; ^nd even fulkr, for fome of what would that be for tfiiec kingdoms 



ilic comp<intioDs which may not gain a 
prize, may merit printing; and which 
will concentrate, as it wcie, into a focus 
all that can be faid, on what ht well 
calls the fruitful t. pic of Summata 
qMrdf/tcimt, by p<iccry, eloquence, and 
wi:, u:;! bt n valuable acquifition to 



mv 



mia^ination 



the Ijttriiy world: 
^.exults in i: by anncijvtiion ; 1 I'ccm to 
ifee it f the* Imitaiions marching firft, 
'like ftaicly Pioneers, wcli bca-tlcd, furr- 
led, and booted, as Satires Ihouid be ; 
\t* veniam cmJigatus in agros ;** then, with 



For tl»clK.(l Imii..tion of the VUfth Satire of Juvenal, 
For the ftu»nd, I'.tro, - - - - 

Foi llicthi'd. tliro, . - - - 

For the be ft ElHiy in profe, on S/emmata quidfjciuftf. 
For tlic frtci"i».l, i1i:to, - - - - 

FurthetiurU, Uitto, - - - - - 

For th« bert Song on diuo •, - - - 

Second ditto, - - « . » 

Third ditto, ------ 

For the hell Epigram on ditto, - • - 
Second ditto, . - - - 

Thiid driio, - - - - 



to fubfcribc !— to fay nothing, if you 
would wait a little longer, of what would 
be fent you from America) there be no 
more than fix hundred and forty gui* 
neas fubfcribed, e?en that would not 
unhandfomcly furnifh the twelve prizes, 
which, filling up the reticence of my 
friend, I would piopofe. But if we do 
not reach that, whatever the grofs fum 
may be, IhouIJ, I think, be divided 
into fixty-four equal parts, of which, 
till a better is fuggtfted, I offer this re- 
partition for the prizes. ' 

Sixty-fourth paits. 

11 



'5-1 
S 

5 

IS 

6 

3 
4 
3 

2 

3 

2 
I 



^ »>. O 
to £ y 

c o .S 



Guineat. 

150 

So 

5* 
i«o 

6o 

40 

3<> 
20 

30 

20 

lO 



1 have many more things to fay to you 
upon the bulinefs, when you have let it 
aflodt, and 1 fee the beginning of the 
Subfcription, which I think i« likely 
enough to be but rather ill received by 
all tne World (as they call ihcm- 
felves), except THE PEOPLE OF 
THE Tinir-L Kingdoms. In the 
mean tiiiit:, if you will give me leave, 
I will perform a little the ciflficc of a 
whetftone, which, though no cubing in- 
ftjumcnt in iifclf, can Ihirpcn the edge 
«»f thole that ate fo, by jult giving a hint 
to fome candidate for our piizes, in an 
idea or two that I have gleaned up Ibme- 
where or other. 

The iii«»It fabulous of all fables, 
though prtmiied in ages of daikncfs, 
fcems to be that pronounced by Menc- 
nius Agiippd to the Roman people, up- 
on tlicir fe« eJnon to the Aventine-hill 
(: K) wv'l knov.n to need relating), about 
mc B*liy and the Members. But this 



64J -^ 2 >^ 64A 

I think is the aniwerihat will be (hortly 
givcu to that fable, by the members of 
every political community, now that^ 
after having fo long read hiftory to little 
purpof'e, they arc at l<:it come to iomment 
upon it to a g{>od one. 

" Though it were true, moft noble and 
roya! Belly, that we are invig<)r.ited by your 
imports (which we cannot allow, becaufe, 
on the contrary, it \^ you rather that are invi- 
gorateti by wi ; f»r wiilunit our natural vi- 
gour and induftiy to provide them for you, 
you would have no imports at all), )'ct when 
t!iey become exccliive, which you arc fo ve- 
ry apt to make them, by thofe fhameful ex- 
adVions, in all the arrogaiue of your ufurped 
fiiperiority, to which we have hitheito fo 
fimply yielded, they canfc an InMgfphn ; and 
by this intligeftion uc are :dl huii<tiul weak- 
ened. We are tlieit;fore come to a refolution 
to keep you henceforward to fuch a gentle 
and wholcfomc regimen as (h;Ul cfFoclually 
prevet'.c yDur hurting yourfclf, or us. 

** You ai:d your iiinutes, it is true, havo 



had the deuomiiialion given you of the nobli 

* Thefonj^*, unlefs they are written to partz-, but this is a mere folly of phyficians, 

IhemTaiuie fft known tunes, and fo bring ths wileft of whom ;\ie bvVL u\cti. "^ovi 

ihcir own liliinu-'tt^^xn themi'eircs, mull be w/iatever has been tlov.e b^ ttvcv\, uawj \>^ 

^or,tpsi^d by UteirMJiOie. ^ti^ b« uodoac. 1 hccc arc aQ \niiicV\b\^ c\\2l- 



6 Subftriptton for a Juvcnalian Volume. fJ^"- 

fiaeis bat thofe ftampcd by nature, ami na- they feed fat, by the profclfers of 

•pre never made^w noble, nor any other fnch what has been fo excellently termed. 

Idle, fwoln,ftruttmg, affuHung fellow asyoiir- rfbi txflodid 'viUainj tvbicb has obtaUrd 

fclf. In (hort, Mr. Kelly, .r you are of any ^^^ „^^^ ^f politics, v,ho have hallooed 

•onvenience to us, winch we very nmch ,».,«, ,« »'« .. ^ \^ u .u • l 

doubt, it is by no'means great enough to '''^'".^" V ^^^'.^^ 5^^^ "J.^^*-' ^u^^'^'' 

compinfate the difguft arifuig from you. foul "i'^'^!^ '' ^"/'^"'y ^cieftable and helli(h, 

and monllrous feeding, and your ftill fouler ^P^^^^ wickedncfs and folly, bringing 

•xportation; from which fon>anyd:ity dogs, *"'^" comprchtnfive mifcry npon crc^- 

who fwallow it, like worthipers of the *"''c^ ^ho have evils enough to contend 

great Lama of r hibet, and who might other- with from the frailty of their nature; 

Kvife be clean, fweet, and ufeful members of to contemplate them, 1 fay, now, not 

fociety, are become a Aink io the noUhls of only rivals to humanize aiid blefs the 

all mankind." world, by the arts of peace in general, 

Bcfide*, that thi» may be ufeful to a *^"f ^^ one and the fame time, employing 

candidate, if you have a reader, Mr. '"any of ^^eir moft ingenious individu- 

Urban, who is quite " The nofe of a^s, on the fame rul>jt6^, in one of the 

hamt Gout, and the Tip of Tafte," he "i"ft useful and charming of thofe arts, 

will fmack his lips, 1 think, a' (uch a ^.^^t which has been called, and, I be-* 

tit-bit, and fay that L*apf/nt vii/tt em ^>«ve. By a lord, " Nature's chief 

wuMgeant. MisosKATOI'Hagus. mafter-piece," the producing elegant 

In the meaning of which hame, they compofitions, to enlighten the mind, 

who do not fmell it out at once, may be amufe the fancy, and improve the heart I 

fundamentally informed by the annota- " War is a game, which^ wire their fub* 

tors on the Plutus of Aridophanes. jeSs U'-fc, 

But without the trouble of a reference^ Kings would not play aL" Task. 

they (hall know that it is as much as to Thank you! Mr. Cowper. 

fay, a Lover of Clean Feeders, 1 think that there fiiould benocopief 

Several vile epithets will, I fuppofe, delivered to Subfcribers, as it would be 

be given to this latter part of my letter, fo difEcult, from many of them chuf- 

if not the whole, with affef^ed com- ing, as they doubtlefs will, to fubfcribe 

prelTions of the noftrils, from the fafti- under feigned names. But then the co« 

dious feelings of many a (ir Courtly pies (hall all be put within the reach of 

Nice, of great merit perhaps in a dead every one, -at fo low a price, that no 

forefather, and of none in his living benctit can accrue. And furely be will 

fclf. But, Brenfour eu;cl which is for not think much of parting with only a 

fome people as good as a pancake. few pence more, to poiTcfs himfelf of a 

You, 1 hope, will receive it as a Ben* copy of that book, to the produfiion of 

Bon, and allow, that however liable I which he has fubfcribedatlead a guinea. 

may be to other reproaches, I am ex* We fay at leafi a guinea, only to fave 

cmpt from that of Milton to Saumaize, your banker the trouble of making a fe* 

that he could wx'wq nihil quod J'apiat^' parate entry of every half guinea and 

■othing that had any tafte in it. half crown which would p<<ur in upoa 

I flatter myfelf that vvl\cn yoUr Ma« him like a deiu^'c; and thofe who, 

gaiine /hall be received in P.tri&, which richer in m'nd and heart than money, 

I know It vifirs conliantly, the plan of wifli to fubfcribe their mite in this gene* 

fucha Juvcnalian volume, as is here pro- rai cauic of man, we would advife ra« 

pofed. Will be adopted alfo in France, ther to club with iheir likencU'es (and 

that has the honour to precede, in liber- how fweet it is to club with like nefl'es!) 

ty and the flourilhing deeds of a re- to make up the guinea, which may be 

formed comnronwealih, other countries, entered in lome coiie^ive name, as that 

who, except our own, which has no of two, three, four, or half a dozen 

\ seed of it, are labouring to be her foU «• Friends of Mankind," or ** Friends 

'lowers. And how pleafant, how delight- of Common Scnle," or, by antiphrafis, 

) ful, to every humane heart, and to yours ** Hereditary Heroes of Hcialdry,'* or^ 

cfpecially, Mr. Urban, who will have <* Baronb of Blaion," or, ** Lovers of 

/ been fo inftrumcntal in it, will it be to Artiticial Di(lin£ltons,'* or, in ihort, 

I contemplate two nar-ons, who for ages whatever title pleafe their ear. Whto 

have been riva's, like true Canaille^ as I had explained our fcbeme, in a (hurt 

their word is, meaning, liiciaily, a par- v he which they made me jull as 1 was 

/eel of DffgS't and as the peode in every beginning this paragiaph, to a coupi« 

country me quMlitied, thougn more re- qf young friends, one of tbem, an Eu* 

iimbiiag fiily Sif^f^^ upoa wiioie foUy gini9 txcmpVuvi^ «tiiC^VBi^u>^\k\V^^v»vA\ 



1 79a-] 



Suhfcription for a Juvcnalian Volume. 



cemmined to the care of a High-church 
€l9rmf9dii^ very highly preferred, as he 
ought to be, for the higheft of all merit, 
inttref in Boroughs, mode(tly faid, 
wilhing to avoid the difplearurc of hit 
principal, that he (hould put himfelf up- 
on our books only as " A Poor Curatt,*'* 
The other, with expeflations from a 
rich, reprobate, gouty, child icfs man of 
quality, to whom he is an obfervant ne- 
phew, and who is for ever (which I 
ba»e often been amufed with hearing of) 
talking him to deep, if he dared .ndulge 
the propenfity, with the Dignity of hit 
Family forfooth, which fprung, it mud be 
confefled (another bint for a candidate), 
from a moil fweet, and honourable, and 
oobfe fource indeed, n ) lefs than a Mo- 
narch (in whofe crown I beg you to (lud 
10 aAcnik referring to a Bnftol (lone be- 
low, which may glitter in lome eyes, 
but nor in«//eyes at Oxford, as a Bril- 
lunt, though I think it more like a 
Topan) no lefs, I fay, than a Mo- 
narch's * being fuccersfully enamoured 
of his great, ^leat, Grandfather, even 
before the lofi down upon his cheeks 
had given place to bearded gravity, to 
£t him for his Privy Couocits^-told me 
pleafantly enough from Horace, that he 
lh<»uld Itand in the ranks of our Sub- 
fcribers, ** Metuens patruae verbcra lin* 
gua;," ** One afraid of the iafliings of 
his old Aiiftocratical uncle's tongue." 
1 (hould not at all wonder if the Sub- 
fcnption fwell to much bey«nd what is 
adequate ro the object in ct>ntcmplation; 
and if it do, there Ih^il not be wancing 
to it, bciides THE Volume, anitbtr 
immortal monument of awakened rpirit 
and generous indignation. 

Upon further confideration — ideas ride 
k firangely, and beget one another in 
fo ftrange, and, I am afraid you will 
fay, indecent, a manner — it may be ad- 
vifable to protract, to a goo.i deal later 
time than X have mentioned, the deli- 
vering in of the cumpoHtions. I now 
think to the hrft of November; as, 
amongft oiher reafons, 1. would wiih 
them to have 4iU the benefit of the fum- 
mer's fun for their maturity; in the 
courfe of that month, the judges will 
abfolve their work, and in December 
Ihall be put to pretii the volume, to be 
publilhed on the ilt of Jinuary, 1793, 
ak a new year's gift to our counirv, 
in her own language, which ' 13 ut 

1 will pohtivel^, aihamed te iee that 

-■--- — ---■- 

• " f irft in our Hatred, iS in order, James 
Stains wiihGotnorrahVcn/ne^fy; 'jthiglned 
Thsmcs," L9^'a/ L9f^iW£s/0r /&g Stuart t» 



my poflfcript it almoft as long at 
my letter, fay no more at picfcnt, left 
you think I am run wild with my 
friend's fcheme, and, in my endeavours 
to improve it, chatter like a pve, or that 
I am even, like Anacreon's Dove, '^aO.w 
Tipoj xopvvn^. more chntrerin^ dian a pye. 
However, ff, after mv long fermony 
you have a mind for a Pftim, fince we 
hive jufl been talking of a Songfter, 
you may if you pleafe q javer out ih« 
following, not hcteiogencous 

Revision of Britannia's rule* 
** When Renfon now, at heaven's command^ 
Her bri;;ht beam darts o'er Larth .ind Main^ 
Thif is the ch(>:iis, the chorus of our land. 
And angels well may fing tLis ftrain— 
Rule, O Reafon ! rule, rule o'er Sliort 

and Wave 1 
Nor brother more be brother's flave! 

Tlic nations now they 're bleft by thee 

Shall ne'er ag-iin to tyrants fa! I, [free* 

But bands of brct!ir<»n, of brethren ijood and 
SI .all make the b'ifs tl^e care of ail ! 
Rule, O Reafon ! rule, rule o'er Short 

and Wave I 
Nor brother more be brother's flave I 
Still more majetVic (halt tliou rife, 

More dreadful from each defpot's i^roke. 

As t!ie loud blatt, loud blaft that rcn S tho 

Serves but to root the native oak, [fl«ics, 

Rue, OReifoiil rule, rule o'er Shore 

and Wave ! 
Nor brother more be brother's flave I 

Thee haughty tyruits ne'er (hall rnmc ; 

All their a' tempi*, to brin^ thee down, 
Sliall but arovifs, aroufe, thy gericioiiN fianM^ 
But work ilicir woe .\m\ thy renown. 
Rule, O Re 'fon I rule, rCile o'er Shgrt 

and VV ave ! 
Nor broth'jr more be brother's flave 1 
To thee ficlont;: tlie rural reign, 

Thy citic^fh.ill willi commerce (hint. 
All thine fh.dl be l!ie fnbje^t ni«in, 
A:'d cv'iy fiioie it circles, iliine. 

Rule, C) R-:ifon ! ruie, rule o'er Sfiorv 

«nd Wave I 
Nor brother more be brother's flave I 
The Mufcs, ftill with freedom found, 

Shall to each ha;>pv co;i(l 1 c|>:iir j 
Blcll world 1 with jencral, with general coo» 
cord crow I'd, 
When war no more ihal] fright tlie fair. 
Rule, O Reafon I rule, rule o'er bhor» 

and A ave 1 
Nor brothe;- mor^e be brother's flave 1 
Our Godlike grandlires led the wav — 

Be this tic Briton's pride anti pr.;ifc ! [day. 
O'er a dark world, daik uoiiJ, to iH>urthc 
And mail to Light and I- . fjt!.;ni raife. 
Rule, O Reaionl rulc; rule o'er Shor« 

and Wave! 
Nor biuther more bcWovVvet*^ Clw^V 



t Sulfcrlptms for a Juvcnalian Volume. — Mr. Spiccr. fJ^"* 

Further hints of (ignatures to fuch Subfcribers-as, left independeqt in their 
fituacion, than from tbeii principles thej defer vc to be, may not be willing to 
appear in their proper names. 

^. i. d, 

Hnmanites-^no more Perfonal political parties^-exploded villainy — 
Lojives and Fi^es to the Meritorious — by Real Reprrfcntation — 
Ne regarde ixtint, mon f.ls, d'oCi tu viens, maii oCl tu vas — 

JJo cs honibre mas que olio fi no haze mas. " No man ((ays Sanche) is 

more thnn an Jilier, unlefs he does more" _^. 

Judge Jeffiies, and Mr. Burke — — i 

Dr. Sadievereli, and Mr. Bofwell ■ . _ 

Jot lufon's Ghoft, and Mr. Murphy — 

Ridentem fuhfcribcrc Vero, quid vetat ? — i— 

Univcrfity of Oxolola— A«xgvw» yiXoyoao. " Yet Smile ftill mingles with 

her iron tears" • . — 

Sir George Mackenzie, and Sir Robert Filmer ' — 

Lighten our darknefs.— Et tu, delcd^ando pariCerque monendo, 

Tu, regere Eloquio populos, Bri/tanne, memento 

Hinc tibi erunt Columnx Corinthiacae — .« 

*Tis knowledge muft govern the world, 

** Good for little Magnates ♦" — 

Lady Wigglewaggle Antoniette ct le C 



Proximus ardet Ucalegon — the moft Citholic poor i>alpitating Prince of 

Potofi .^— 

The moil Reverend and Merciful the Inquifitors -^— 

Rulej O Reafon — 

Count Choleric — ■ — i — 

Countefs of Cool Tankard __ • i .« 

His Grace the Duke of Done-up — Nil nifi Cecropides . 

1008 overfet Harpoonsrs at a farthing a-piece — ■ 

Leurs Alcelfes, from Altusy which means either High or Low, partout 

£t que deviendrons-nous s'il leur vi^ut des Knfans I 

The Page made fo gay, with Closths thrown away, that ferv'd for a day, 

and a nation muft pay . ■ ■ 

Tlie mod frxred the Fountains of -Nicknames through the world — 
Bellona — Halloo! Let flip the Oogs of War I — 

Which, were ih.-ir SubjcAs wife 1 Meriio ccedimur ■ 

Jufticc, the Supreme Mnjcft'y upon Eaith ■ — 

Vqi ch\wete gl inuUatti furi^ 
pirate tu dottrina ckc i'afccmU 
Softool velame degli 'uerfifiranl^ or, 
If this be Madnefs, there is Method in it, faid old FvlDiiius — 



Mr. Urban, Jan. 4. ticcd in your lad volume, p. 1 167, col. i, 

THE ingenious authorof the intend- Of Mr. Spiccr honourable mtntion is 

ed hirtory of Reading, '* his native made in your volume for 1785, p. 23, 

place," (LXI. looi.) received his eda- not9\ and further pariiculai:» of him 

cation at the free fchool there, under occur in the fubftquent pages 192, 

his truly liberal patron Mr. Spicer, who, 1-93. The ab(lra£t ot the hi(lory of 

in right of his prebend of Prcfton, in Reading abbey, prefixed to the** Eight 

the church of Salifbury, prefentcd his Views" of Ir, drawn and engraved by 

favourite pupil to the vicarage of Pre- Mr. Charic. Tomkins, and l.^ttlv pub«< 

fion { which he now holds with the liihed, was compiled by Mr. Coaics. 

neighbouring vicarage of Ofmington, Since the above was written, 1 obferve 

which was given him by the late bifhop with pleafurc the generous and vaiuabie 

of Saliibury, who has in various in- o0cr of R. G. in p. iot>l:i. 
ftances proved himfelf the eminent Yours, &c. AcADEMlcus. 

friend of merit. Air. Coales was no- 



* 'Tis the little words in the republic of letters, like the little folks in a nation, that ar« 
moft fignincant. The triffyllables, and the rumblcrs of fyllables more Uiaii three, aie liLe 
tht gxti-for-little Mugnafes. Ricbardfon's Clariifa. 
Mu)ta renafcentar qux jam cecidcte, cadentque 
Hunqiam qux nunc /tint iu honore. 



1792.1 St. Mary RcdclifF.— PAfu of Dr. Brown's « Prindplcs*** 9 

Mr. Urban, Batb,OS. 6, 1791* f^<^^ ^<"nc learned and highly-rcfpci^- 

ISEND roil n (kcich (Plali L) of St. ed authors who have written on it. Had 

Marj Rcddiff Church, Brifloly in he lived to publifh his work, he might 

which parifli the Poet Chattenon (of have explained ambiguou« expreifions, 

whom ib much has been recorded in or replied to objef^ions made to fucli 

fome former volumes of your valuable parts of the work as happened to be 

Mifceliany) was bom. lam told hit mifconftrued or mifapplied. B^t. crude 

mother is now living ^, and in very dif- and unfinifhed as the fmall portion he 

trefled circum (lances. hat left manifeftly is, and wanting the 

Yours, &c J. ElderTON. author's laft hand, who fhali undertake 

— ^— «. to explain his reafonine: or fcntiments s 

Mr. Ui.BANy Di€, 19. efpecially on points which, as left bf 

I SEND you, agreeably to the hint 7n him, are exprclfcd in a manner which 

my laft, p. 995, fuch part of the may probAbly either give ulFL-nce to good 

plan of the late Or. Brown's intended men, or afford matter of 'triumph to the 

work as was flcetched out by him. The enemies of Chriftianity ? It matters not 

ftenend title was to have been, " Prin- much whether exceptions be taken with 

ciples of Chriftian Le^riflation, or, an reafon or without j tiie effe£ls in either 

Anal>fitof the various Religions, Man- cafe may be equally to be lamented. 

ners, and Politits of Mankind, in their The author'^ plan naturally fuggeflt 

fc vera! Gradations; of the ObftruAions reflexions on the new and unexpe6teil 

thence arifing to the e^ocral Progrefi fccnes that have been unfolded tince the 

and Influence of Chriftianity | and of time in which he wrote; and the Tub- 

Che moft pradicable Remedies to thtfe jeA,^at all times im|x>rtant, merits the 

ObOniftiont: in Eight Books." attention of well-informed and difcern* 

The general divifion of the fabje6l : ing minds. The ihort-fighted and un- 

Book I* On ih« obftruflions to the chriftian policy of certam Protcllant 

propaf>ation of Chriflianiiy ariiing from Stares on the one hand, and the violent 

the re I ijs ion of thofe to whom it hath conteds, obftin.ite btgr>rry, and indifcreet 

been offered. zeal of the Romifli MilTionaries on the 

Bunk II. On the obftruCkions arifing other, afford a Urge fcope for obferva- 

from palities. tion and juft ccnlure. By the former. 

Book III. On the obftru£lions arifing thofe very governments where Ibcicties 

from manners. arc exprtfTly formed for the piop.ij^atioa 

Book IV. On the remedies to thcfe of the Goipd appear to countcia£t the 

ffrverat obflrudions. endeavours of tUofe iocicties : and by 

The obftrufiioni arifing from thefe the latter, the fuirLfl profped^s of fuc- 

feveral particular! in thofe who oflfcr ccCs have been at once biased, the Mtf- 

ChriftiAnicf) and their remedies, it is fion.iries and their converts involved in 

fuppofcd, would have extended the work one common dedrud'tion, and a rooted 

10 eight booka. avcrfion raifed in people's minds againft 

The rnbjc6l it important; and the a religion, the profelfors of which were 

work, fo fir as the author has proceeded fecn to act in direct oppoiition to the 

in it, aftbrdt fufficient proof of that en- do6lrine of j^eace unJ goud-wi!l to kil 

Urged and generout mind, of which he men which they weiu commiiiioned to 

was known by hit friends to be pof- teach. A fpacious huld now lies before 

felTed. The publick, at well as his par- the Chridian world fur the introduutiuii 

ticular friends, muft do me the juflice of a better policy; aud it rccjuiies no 

to believe, that it is with fiocere coa« great depth of fagacity to dilcovcr that 

ccrn I fliti feel myfelfaverfetothe pub- ccrt.iin changes, ntprcfcnt limited, will 

licatioo of this imperfc^ work, and I be extended lo diftant regions, will de* 

hope a general bint or two may fufticc, llroy the banerul intlueiice of that rHi« 

inttead of entering into particulars.— > gious lyllcin which, fioin the abiurdi- 

The fubjed naturally led fuch a mind tics it maintains, has prnduccd in x 

as his was into curious difcufTions in de« neighbouring nation a conti-mpc, and 

vclfiping the various causes and fourccs almod a j^cneial diliegaid. ot ri:l rtii- 

of the feveral fpccies of favage anditiAi- gion, and o(>cn 10 u> frcfh v-jw^ ^nd 

luted Pagahifm, and to differ in opinion motives for the cxernt'c or a nicwL- cn- 

- — ^ largcd and more libtril lyir^m ot '^iv.l 

• Sticdjcd fince the date of tins IctUr. and Chrilliau U/\(\\Uv'..\. 

See our hit Sup/jJcijjifht, Edit. i^uilicrou,, IIaI.^ 01 ua^u\\i\\Uv^*A ot 

Cl *v t. Ma g. January, '79Z. \k.^s 

2 



lO Dr. Brown's *< PrincipUs of Chriftian Ugiflathn:* [Jan^ 



Tery partially-ciTilited people have, by 
our late difcoTcriei, been added to the 
number of thofe to whom it it our du- 
ty, as it would be our highef\ honour, 
to oflfer the fublime truths and do6triiies 
of Chriftianity, and a profpefk hat been 
opened, by fomc late proceedings in the 
Biitilh Parliament, cf melioiatine the 
wretched and rruly-deplorabic condition' 
of the Negro- ilaves to our Weft India 
iflandt. Much has been faid of thofc 
mii'erablc beings. They have been re* 
prefcnted as fcarcely rational creatures ; 
and, while they are treated as brute 
beafls, perhaps worfe than fuch, in the 
articles of rood, labour, and bodily- 
fufferings, it is no wonder they (hould 
appear and ad as fuch. Harlh treat- 
ment and feverity of punifhment can 
neither lead to habits of morsility in the 
ilave, nor improve the manners of tb« 
inafier. For, as Montefquieu has ob* 
ferved of flavery, *< it \k neither ufeful 
*< to the maAer nor to the (lave : not to 
<< the iiave, becauCe he can do nothing 
••through a motive of virtue; nor to 
*^ the mader, becauft* he concia^s among 
** his (laves ail funs of bad habits, is in- 
** fenfibly habituated to the want of all 
*^ moral viitues. and becomes fierce, 
*• hafty, fevcre, p<*(liunatc, voluptuous, 
** and cruel **." Hence the fuimidable 
iDifchiefs of the btlla firvilia in the an- 
tient dates of Greece and Rome, where, 
however, it does not appear that thofe 
flaves were treated as the Negroes are in 
the We(\ India iAands ; and hence too 
(the moi-e to be lamented, and more in- 
cxcufable, as being under ChriAian go- 
vernments) the hazards and diOrefTes of 
the European colonies in thofe iflands. 
A more favourable opinion, and other 
fentiments, have been entertained con- 



eerniofir this race of men f . But, tho' 
their f'Jture defliny is fiill in fufpenfe, it 
is impofliUe that the inhuman traffick 
by which they arc procured fliould long 
continue. It has only been continued 
hitherto becaufe the attention of hu- 
mane and enlightened minds was not im« 
mediately dire£lcd to the circumOances 
of cruelty and injuftice with which it 
is canted on. The deplorable lot of 
thofe unhappy creatures rouft flill re* 
mam a fubje6^ of difcuflion; and one of 
the mofl auguft aflemblies among the na- 
tions of the earth will in due time be 
brought to fet the example of extending 
to them every indulgence which a pru- 
dent policy, dire£^ed by humanity and 
the calls of duty, will permit them to 
difpenfe. The movers of the great 

Sucftion concerning them will fcarcely 
t down contented with the reflexion. 
In m^nis voluiffe/at tfi, but will perfe- 
vcrc in their humane and laudable en- 
deavours to remove, or at leatt to light- 
en, the (hackles, and to provide for the 
civilization and religious inflrufiion of 
this unfortunate race of moo. To cf- 
fe£^ this gradually (and the cafe re- 
quires it (hould be foe£fc£ted}, a know- 
ledge of ChiiAianity, a religion fo 
friendly to the rights of human nature, 
will be found moA powerfully and ef- 
fectually to co-operate with the regula* 
tions of law, and the proceedings of the 
civil power. 

The beft means of communicating 
this knowledge, as a previous ilep to- 
wards meliorating the condiiion of the 
Negro-ilaves, is worthy the attention of 
humane and generous minds j and it 
may be pre fumed, that the fame truly 
Chridian fpirit which difplayed iifelf, 
with fuch honour to the Briti& nation. 



^ i«'lif))rit dos Loix, hv. xv. c. i. 

f It was lonjr ^so recomnneiuleil, by a venerable Prelate, to the S octety for the Propaga- 
tion of the Gofpel, *' to confider the Negro-flaves as inferior members indeed, hut (till as 
members of our Colonies, and not merely as cattle, or goods, the property of their maf- 
cen: and that the higheil property poiFihle to be acquired in thefe fervants caiiiioc cancel 
the obligation to take care of their religious in(lru6lian. Defpicable as they may appear in 
our eyes, they are the creatures of God, and of the race of mankind, for whom Chrift 
died, and it is inexciifable to keep them in ignt>rance of the end for wliich they were made." 
Biihop of Bri(tol's Sermon hefoi^e the Society, anm 1739.-10 a fubfequent abdrad uf the 
proceedings (>f the Society in the year 17521 is fouinl the following ohiervation : ** It hath 
been fuimd to be to no purpofe tf> talk to them (the ilaves) about Chriftianity in tlieir wild, 
itattve itate. 1 hey miiil be reduced from their barb;irity, and made men, rational crea- 
tures, Sefore they will become good Chndians." But, it i^ feai'ed, tlieir fituaUon affbrd^ httle 
room tur ex|)e^ting this improvem' nt. *' Muthiiig," as Montefquieu obferves, <^ more aHimi* 
Lites a man to a bea(l,than living among freemen, himt'elf a flave. Such people as thefe ai'e 
natural enemies of fc^iety, and their numbers rouft be dangerous." But unfuituiuiie?y for 
thefe creatures, he obferves, '' it is impoflible fur us to fuppofe them to be mm, becaufe, al- 
loivins ihcm to he mon, a fufpiuoti Houl«l foHuw tl)at «e ooTldves are uot C^/y/.d^/' 
l'^^'/j>nf{/cs Loj'xj liv. XV, c. s Sc iz. 



179^-] ^r- Brovn'i •• PrimpUt of Chriftian Legijtaihn.''^ it 

io behalf of the Daoiflimiffioii at Trill* cle&rUr pointt out t and that, while 

quetery abont fourfcore yean ago *, Cbriftian dates are extend iDg their dif- 

would DOW fail to exert itielfy if a pro- coferiet» and explofing the remoteft re* 

per plan were adopted for that purpofe. gions of the eaith» with a philanthropy 

Nor can it be fuppofcd that, while a to- which pcctiiiariydiftinguiihestheni from 

tal abolition of the flave-trade it nega* the avariciout and cruel ddf enturert of 

tived by a Britith fenatc, fo meritoriout a few preceding centurici, it might alio 

a propofal would meet with one difleat* be their aim to cffeA this great and glo- 

mm * ^ ^ m %. m m ^ 



10 



g voice. rioui purpofe i ** that the earth may be 

In fliort, in ercry extenfion of difco* full or the knowledge of the Lord, as the 
Tery, and of conlequent fettlement a* waters cover the fea; that all king* 
moog uncivilized people, it is becoming doms of the world may become the 
the wifdom and humanity of a great and kingdoms of our Lord and of his Chriil, 
enlightened nation to introduce the that he rosy reign for ever and ever.'* 
knowledge of divine truths together If I have not already, Mr. Urban, 
with that mild and admirable fyftem of taken up too much of your valuable 
civil polity by which the Britifli go* page, allow me to obferve, that errors 
Tcrnment is diftinguifiied ) and a well* andabufesin religiooiin politicks, and 
executed work on the fubjcA, which my manners, however rooted and fimAion- 
▼aluable friend had bvt juft entered up- ed by time, muft at length gite way to 
OB, could not fail of being ufeful, as the force of truth and the Improvinr 
well as accepuble, to the publick. For^ light of the human underilanding ; and 
from a welUftatcd review of the impro* it will be difeovered, that ufeful inno- 
par methods hitherto purfued in oflfer* vations, and an improved (Ute of civil 
ingChriftianity to modern Pagans f; of and religious polity and iocial inter- 
that wicked policy which, from intereft* courle, may be introduced, without the 
ed views, has fubverted the labouts of hazard of proceeding to thofe dangerous 
former Miflionaries {, and endeavoured lengths which totally unhinge fociety, 
to keep thofe idolaters in their priftine and, by deftroyinz all dilUn£^ion and 
Ignorance and darknefs § ; of thole dif- fubordination, let Toofe the palTions of 
lolute and difgracefal manners which men to the commKiion of thole wild ex- 
have fo frequently, and with 16 much travaganccs which for a time exceed in 
reafon, railed obje£^ioBS in Pagan minds enormity of roifchief the very evils they 
Bgatnft a religion recommended to their were meant to remove. A difpolition 
reception t it might be expelled, that, and attention in governors to fucU im« 
in the preftnt age of liberality of fenti- provemenrv will naturally produce flmi* 
ment and abhorrence of bigoted attach- Ur inclinations in the interior depart* 
ment to particular fyOems, a general meats of the ftate to communicate, ac* 
wilh would prevail of extending the Civ* cording to their refpe^ive powers and 
ing truths of the Gofpel with all that influence, every degree of public benefit 
benevolence of intention, and fiacere and private happinefs. The idea of the 
love of our fellow-creatures, which the ncceflity and praQicability of a general 
divine precept of '* doing to all men as reform has been ftarted, and prudencere* 
we would they (hould do unto us," fo quires it (hould not be altogether flight- 
■ ' ■ ■ --■■■II ■ — »— ^— »— ^.— ^— ^^.^^^.^.^^^^i^ 

e See La Croze, Hifloire du Chriftianifme des Indes, lib. vii. 

f See La Croze, pa^, 

X The MUlionaries at Codalore wrote as follows to the Society for propagsting the Gof* 
pel in the year 175/ : ^ The French have gocteu inoft of the terriienes around us inta 
their pollelfion, and have filled every vilhge with Popifh emiflanes, who fpread nothing 
but fklfe (fories anil calumnies aguiull ProtelUnt Miflionaries, and thus create among igno- 
rant people the greaicft prejudices, which they ^rther {Irengthen by tlie influence of ttieir 
power and riclKS. Nay, ti)e French Commandant himfelf lias ftisnutized the flril Re- 
fiormers in Euntpe as lun^ticks, and authors of a new Uofpel ; and tliofe who aA by hi*: 
commiflinns do fo abufe and evU-intreat and perfecute all Prucellam converts, that they ca'i 
fcarcely live among them, or in their neiglibourliood, and would fsie beUer under a Mtikt^ 
metan or Pagan, tlian under fuch a Cbrijtiun government." Account of the Protefliiiit Mii- 
fion to Kalt indi.i, annexed to Dv. >iichoU's Sermon at Chrifi-ctiurch, Lotulon, May, 1756. 
It may he liopett,the cougre5;tjon '* Dc propaganda Fide*' will in time give more Cliriftiku- 
like inf^niAions to their Miltioriaries, and that' more libenUmindcd Lrmm^uidaxits will ac 
length tfluc forth from at lead one natiou of Europe polTel&ng ihc h\Uv oi \!l\t ^(t^tciVOo^ 
Church. 
/ yi-oceedUi^s of the Dutch at Japan, Amboyua, j(c* 



IZ Infcriptlon propoftdfor Mr. Howard's Monunnnt. [Jwi» 



€d and treated as merely Titionary. The 
general voice mud have its weight. 

But, on the other hand, the madnefs 
of ha(ly changes is as much to be de- 
precated ; and the enlightened and 
truly Chridian llatefman, equally averfe 
to tlie extremes contended-for by the 
■«V RcHexions" and the " Rights of 
Men," and unawcd by the prediction of 
the ferJfcuttJ aJvocatt ci^ truth and li- 
berty, foretelling the fall of that Hie- 
rarchy which he impudently calls the 
bane of Chrifti^tnity and rational liber- 
ty ♦, will look forward to fuch deHrablc 
alterations as may fecure the peace, and 



Barathra nodle, fame, macieque faeda, 

carcerefque vifendo febribus adfhiaiites ; 

qttaque via peftes vjtari fanarive poflct 

quasrendn \\.\c^ fedulo, 

hoe debitum mentis cenoraphium 

favor publicus pofuit. 

Nihil ule ortum graviter dolens, 

tales oritura<> f(>e tremula precans^ 

hunc pra^ens etas miratur | 

mirabuniur {tofteri. 

Vah 1 mtrare iiibil ell. 

Studeit aemulari quifquis liur)c miratur, 

iludeat quifciuis (idem Chriftianam 

profitetur pic, 

vitamqoe aetemam cont'equi expetiflit. 

As you exprcffcd a wiiiithat the in- 



tend to increafe the common happincfs^ fcription might be Ihort, you mu(\ per* 

of fociety, which, as far as it is ittain- mit me to obfcrve, that a ftatue or a 

able, (hould be \\\t great and main ob- piece of plate require infcriptions very 

je£t of all gavernment. However ve- different from a monument, more efpe* 

nerahle old inftirutions may be deemed, ciaily a monument in St. Paul's, and 

whether of chivalry, feudal tyranny, or that monument raifcd in honour of one 

ccclefiaOical defpotifm, the following ^ho had (ign.ilifcd himfelf in fo re- 

obfervation of an excellent Heathen mo- Ynarkabie a manner. You could nor, 

ra'ill will be worth our attention, and I apprehend, do him juftice in fewer 

ought to have more weight than a thou- words. However, if yuu thiak the in- 

fand chimerical cautions againft ufeful fcription too long, it may be ihoriencd 

and necetfary innovations. Nihil ma" with great eale. 

gis cavendmm tft ^uam »/ pecorum ritu, M.S. 

Jiquamur grtj^gm noi aHttcedentiuwf, per^ Johannis Howako, to fiXin^^wirir, 

ItHtiS HOH qua eundtm eft ^ fid Qua itur. ^* Cardmgton in agro Bcdfordicnfi armigeri| 

Yours, &c. \V. H. *!"* ^"*'*" disjun6liirinws pcragrans. 



♦41* Ife are much 9blig§d to the very 
fritHdly Gentleman *wbo has fan^oured us 
Hv/tb a Copy 0/ the foUotuing Letter and 
$!fgant infer tption. 

7o Mr. ♦»**». 
t)EAR Sir, July 29. , 

HAVING had very little (Icep in 
town, except now and then for a 
fi^w minutes after dinner, I got a very 
comfortdble nap between London and 
St. Albans; when, finding myldf much 
refrtlhed, I recolltded what you had 
laid refpe^ting an infcription for the in- 
tended monument of Mr. Howard, and, 
currthte curru, penciled the following : 

M. S. 
Johannis Hi^ward, tk ptXnvQmww, 
lie Caiiliiigtou in agro Bedfordienfi armigeri ; 
qui terras diijunciiliinias peragrans, 
ut opem xi;roiis ferret, 
§tbre cnrreptiis in Taurica Cherlonefo, obii( 
* die XX'' januarii, anno mocclxxxx, 
aeciiis fa: lxiv. 
Viro, fi quis iiiqu \iii, m leris fiiccurrendo^ 
in()peit)ue Cuhievando, 
Tb liu'r.^.. mores adunibrautc ( 
popuios holpitihub Feros, 

* Sec the AiKlrefs of ths Students at 
R^cktiey Colle.;;e to Dr. Pricfllcy, aiid his 
Ajifkt^-j; vol. LXL p. J02J, 



Ut opem ssgrotis ferret, 
febrc correptiis in Tauiica Cberfonefo, obiic 
die xx^ Januaiii, anno mdcclxxxx, 
aetattsfujB lxiv. 
Viro, (i quis ufqiiam, miferisTuccurreodo^ 
inopefque fuhlevando, 
TV Surliioo; mores adumbrante, 
hoc debitum mentis cenotaphium 
favor publicus poiuit. 

I think thcic aie parts of the longer 
infcription that are rather the worfe fur 
the jolting of the coach; but you can 
readily give ihofe parts a fmoothncfs, if 
you are of opinion, as I think mud be 
the cafe, that ihey want it. I give up 
both the infuiiptions to your rejc^ion, 
or to your corrc6\ion, if you think them 
worth corrc£tmg, having nothing ia 
view but to Ihcw you how much I vnfk 
to "be ufeful to you on every occalion. 
Yours, &c. 



Mr. Urban, 
T LATELY met 



Jan, 2, 
with a fermon, 
preached at the Roman Catholick 
cha|)cl at Winchefler, April 23, 1789, 
being the thankljgiving-ddy for his Ma- 
jefly'k happy recovery, by the Rev. 
John Milner, M.A., who, 1 believe, is 
aifo a Fellow of our Antiquarian Soci- 
ety ; wherein the Revcieod Prcachcif 
tut ilus paAa^c ; 



1792.] Hlflvrj tf St. George ? — Dtfcriftton */ DufEeld; 



n 



<< Now then thit the Almighty has graci- 
oully heart] our pnyers, and thofe of the nar 
titm, on this clay appointed for returning 
thinks for tlie fame, on this day of his Ma- 
jefty's patron-faint, and that of the king- 
dom « s 01^ this day, which 1 can confider in 
no otlier light than as a (econd coron:«tion» 
day of a king according to the people's heart, 
and mceordimg n Gmd** mm Acor/ 1 judge with 
what rednuhted {pfkmUf redoubled] fisrvor 
wc ought to fingy" Ice. P. 31. 

And he fubjoioi thii kote : 

" * A cenda cde b iJ lg d luftorian, who 
omits DO opportunity Co depreciate Chriftia- 
iitty, ooofoundidiis iUuftriooi patron of Eng- 
buid, and of the rooft noble oider of chivalry 
in Europe, whom alt hiftorians allow to havo 
been a militaiy man, and not an accUsfuifticky 
with the infianoas and twbnlent ufurper of 
the fee of Alexandria in the reign of Con- 
llancim. SenfiUey bowemrt of the very 
weak. Ibnndaiinn oq which thit fliameful ca- 
lumny reftip he is obliged in his Notes to al- 
low it to bo only a conjeAure, after liaving 
given it in bis text as an ab fo jut e fa£t £<# 

Now, Sir* thnwgh the medium of 
your nfeful puhligitinn, I beg leave to 
addrefa the Rcy* Mr* Milner with a i-c- 
queft, that he will he pleafed to point 
out lone of the htftorUnt (who, from 
his mode of exprcffion, we may prelume 
are nvrocroai and common), that give 
a clear and authentic account of the ge- 
nuine St. GsoROki who is, I believe^ 
the patron-faint of our Society, as well 
as of the moA noble order of the Gar- 
ter. This will for ever put an end to 
the cavils and mifreprefcntations of fach 
writers as Gibbon; and rcfcuc this great 
Alilit^ry fiiint from being confounded 
any more with legendary, fabulous, and 
non-exifting chara£lcrs. He will al(b 
herein parucularly oblige 

A Brother F.A.S. 



Mr. UtBAN, A«v. lo. 

DUFPIELD is a neit little town in 
Derby ihircy four miles from Der- 
by, in the turnpikc-road to W-irkl- 
worthi the approach to it hnely diver- 
fified with cultivation, gentle riles, and 
hne prof(>e£ls of the river Dcrwcnt me- 
andering through delightful meadows. 
The church is nithfuliv rcprel'enrcd in 
the annexed drawing, Piatt II, At rbis 
town was formerly a calllcy and nciir it 
a foreft, belonging to the family of Fer- 
rers f. The bridge, of which i ailb 



•f- See Camden, vol. If. p. 306 ; fn>m a 
^nimuiiic;iti(Hi uf Mr. Siandci' to ihn 5vciet/ 
td Aati<iU3uict, 176J. 



fend you an exa£k drawing $, is fome 
little diftance from the main ftreet of 
Dufficid, and near the church. It is 
the road from Derby ro Chefterfield, 
pairing Higham» &c. There are three 
pointed arches of confiderable height. 
The river at this place may be about 
lao feet wide, rery rapid, and a little 
above fiiallowand (lony. Here may be 
faid to commence that long chain of 
rocky hills, of which Matlock, Dove- 
dale, &c. make fo confpicuous a part. 
From the bridge the hill is com po fed of 
loofe ftones and fand, and fo fteep and 
difficult of afcent, tliat it it impoHible , 
for horfes to drag the loaded coachea 
which pafs that wayi it is therefore 
common for the driver to reqneft the 
paiTengers to alight; and I think it 
muft be confiderably above a mile that 
we walked before it became fufficiently' 
level to uke to the coach. This road 
muft ever remain fo, as the foil will ever 
fubjcdl it to gullies from the rain rufh* 
ing down, indeed this part of the 
county is greatiy improved of late, bf 
incloftng and fertilising many of the 
hills, which formerly prefented nothing 
but ftones and heath. Near this place 
is \Vi afield manor, a fine old ruin. 
Yours, &c. J. P. Malcolm. 

Mr. Urban, JV/v. 10. 

I SEND you an interefting letter^ 
written by the late Captain Pigou, 
which feems to be worth prefcnring, 
and may afford entertainment to fome of 
your readers. This unfortunate gen* 
tieman, after having loft his firft ilnp at 
Johmmnaf got the command of the 
liiancUoid Eau Indiaman ; when, after 
a lucccCst'ul defence of this iliip agaioft 
a French frigate off Gttnjam, he was 
captured the next morning by a line-of- 
battle fliip, and made prilbncr in 1782. 
He died in 1783. In his voyage to the 
KaH indies, about the year 1774, he 
took over with him a large and curious 
hydraulic machine, which was con« 
iiru6ted not only to throw up water, 
but had a piece of machinery adapted 
to it by which an organ was woiked. 
and played a multitude of tunes. Capt. 
Piguu's journey from Madrai to Aurtnm 
gmbad, to convry thu machine to the 
Miaam, forms the fubjcA of the follow- 
iog letter t 

Dear Sit, Pc/r/L'Or//»/, /fw^. 8,1 7 7^. 
I AM at laft anived on b.Mut tlie 

AjBX, an old fljip, taken f\v)Wv w^ \tv vV.^ 

— ji , . , 

{ litis fiuIL be ^iv«;\'u\ 3l (muvlc w>uci^)c\. 



n 



' IntitiJIing Letiir from thg laie Captain Pigoa« 



CM 



ladwir, Engliih pflfleogcrs on board* 
W* left Pandich«rry the 5th of March, 
arriyed at St. Helena the 24th of May, 
and fband fix ihips, with the Arethufe 
frtf^ate, Capt. Deot ; they were to fall 
in 6Te days after ut. We failed the 5tb 
of June* Fortunately for us, we have 
had fine weather, or I do nr»t know 
%vhai might have been the confequence, 
the ihfp it fo very leaky. I have fold 
the hydraulic machine to the Nizam at 
Aurengabad, a thoufand miles from 
Madras. He has paid roe with a bond 
«>n ihc Chief and Council of Mafulapa- 
e»m, to be paid out of the five lacks of 
rupees they pay him a year on the Com- 
pany's account for the Northern Cir- 
cars. It is due in 0£lober 1777, which 
u a long date I but it is fecure. 

I fet out from Madrms the 1 A of May, 
1775, with Mr Hardin, two worknten, 
lis Sepoys, and about 150 Black peo* 
pie, with the machine, on nine carri- 
ages, the largeft upwards of a toa 
weight, the ^hole drawn by a hundred 
bullocks, againA the opinion of every 
body in the fettlementy as they all con- 
cluded, fiom the variety of difficulties 
and dangers ihey enumerated, that it 
would be tmpoHible for me ever to reach 
Hyderabad, his capital, which is 500 
miles off, where it was cxp«£ted he 
would return with his army during the 
f atny feafoo ; never dreaming that I 
ibould dare to attempt going after him 
10 Aurengabad, ai great part of the 
road lay through the Mahrattas coun- 
try, who were divided, and at war; 
and the Nisam had jivined one party, 
and the Knglifh tioops from Bombay 
the other : but they were all exceeding- 
ly millakcn. I was much bttter in- 
formed than they all knew of ; and, 
though I forefaw incredible fatigues 
both of mind and body, as well av the 
▼anous nlkk I (hould run of life, heaith, 
&c. yet they all appeared tiiflin^ com- 
pared ro wha? I iliouUl have luft'ercd, 
hHd 1 icturncd inc»^.ibic of paving ntv 
debts, and pro^idtug loi mytr«mil\. 

The mienfc heat^ made it iiiipolfihle 
for bs to tiavci in the day ;.and the htih 
night after uc fit out the large cart was 
ovcitiiincd in a deep watercouilc by the 
cartUlinels of the driveik. I Ihw the 
dao^ii, and ran between to endeavour 
to pit vent it by driving the b'lilock&od, 
but too late; and tiie hinder whct^l of 
the cart in filing i'ruck rue down, and, 
hitd it not been iur Mr. Haidin, who 
was nem, and cAu^ht me by the arm, 
I iijiiji hnvn htca under it, and crulbed 



to atoms. We thought if we were ever 
able to get it out, which was doubted^ 
we (hould find it irreparably damaged. 
Fortunately we were near a village, and 
got the immediate ainflance of 200 peo- 
ple, though it was eleven o'clock at 
night; and, after four hours very bard 
jabour, we got it out, to our agreeable 
fnrprize very little hurt. We had feve- 
ral alarms in paiTing through the woodf 
from a people called Polygars, who ia« 
habit them, and attack, rob, and rour* 
der paflengers, and had been cautioned 
againn them, and advifed never to part 
with our fire till we were.fure of its b^* 
ing effe£fuaU as they never ftood after 
feeing any of their own party falU They 
are only armed with Aicks; and their 
aim is, by their noife, numbers, and at^ 
tacks, to alarm, fo at to intimidate 
thofe they mean to plunder (6 far as to 
make them part with their fire without 
effe£V, when they lufli in, and overpower 
with their numbers. 

We were ail well provided with fire« 
arms, and they never gave us occaiioa 
to go to greater heights than now and 
then to preleat, when they were alwaya 
fure to run off. We faw feveral tiMrt 
and large (nnkes, though none of ut 
met with the leaft accident from either { 
but not one of us efcaped being bit, at 
diflferent times, by fcorpions and centi- 
pees, while buiy in making roads 
through the woods, which we were oft« 
en obliged to do. The pain of thefe 
bites we found to be excruciating while 
it laded, which is but a (horttimci and 
we fi'und relief by rubbing the parts 
with fweet oil. 

Two days before our arrival at Hy- 
derabad, 1 fent my Dubafli on before 1 
but juilge my furprue at his return^ 
when I was within eight miics of the 
phcc, on being told, that he had found 
the ^arrifon and the whole town in great 
conlternacion, for the fears of the coun* 
tiy people had magniiicd our numbers 
to 4C0 Europeans, and 600 Sepoys, with 
our carts loaded with great guus^ and 
they ucie fure that we weie come to 
attack the place, knowing that the Ni* 
aam was at a great difiance with his ar- 
my. Upon which I halted immediately, 
and fcut the Dubafli back to the Go* 
vernor, to aifure him who and what %ve 
uere, and that 1 ihould watt where I 
wak till 1 had his permilhon to enter 
the town I in conlcqutnce of which he 
lent mc an order to proceed toa fine old 
palace in the fuburbs, where we arrived 
the i.H ot June, aihtv ai "^oMtii^>j o^ ^\ 



i;] iMterifllng Littirfrom the late Captain TigpMk If 

, oo 20 of which we had halted on to lire in, amd to place the machme ia^ 

oad to reft oar people, cattle, and whera he could elwayt come with nia 

pair our wheels. I waited on the wives as often and as privately as he 

nvor, flicwed him the letters I had pleafed ; only, when they came, we 

be Nitam, and was not a little di- were til obliged to leave the houfe, and 

;d in my own mind at their ridicu- go to another he had ordered on pur- 

fearsy for they had (ent off an ex* pofe. He came the next day with le- 

two days before to the Niaam with veral of his great people to fee our 

eportof the country people. Upon carts; when they all expreiTcd iheir 

^ I begged he would lend fome- aAoniihroent how we had been able to 

he could depend npoD, not only to travel through fuch an extent of coun- 

lur numbers, but to examine our try, many parts of which they had 

i which he did, and was fo much thought impa£fable with fuch carts, par* 

■ed, and afraid of the confequence ticularly a very ileep, dangerous hilly 

rofeify for keeping fo bad a look- halfway between there and Hyderabad, 

ia time of war» that he difpatched We told them we had uken out all the 

an cxprcfs immediately with a true cattle, and fattened ropes before and 

jnt of us. After waiting there behind, and guided them down, one 

two months, the Nizam returned after another, b^ our people, and that 
■rengabed, where he honoured me we performed this in a day. They con- 
no anfwer to a letter I wrote him, eluded by faying, that nothing was im« 
ing me to let out immediately. polfible to Kngliflimen. Though £ 
was too far advanced, and had en* found the Nixam a good man, yet, like 
d in too great an expence, to hefi* moft other great men, he was furround^ 
n moment about the part I had to ed by bad ones* However, by a p.oper 

I therefore, notwithAanding it was behaviour and attention, joined to (bme 
leight of the rainy feafon, and the proper and acceptable prefents, which 
«ft part of my road lay through the I had taken great care to provide my- 
rattas country (who, as I have ob« felf with on this occaboo, I got my bu« 
;d, were divided, and at war), be- finefs compleatly done in four mouths s 
to prepare for my journey $ for, as which was very foon, considering that 
1 only hired the bullocks and peo* he was encamped four miles wiihoac 
rom Madras for the journey to Hy* the town, and had not lefs than 150,000 
bad, 1 had fent them all back on fightiag men within ten miles round 
rrival. My Dubafli entered into a him. One would of courfc conclude, 
lination with fome of the Cover* fioro his numbers, that he mud be vcrf 
I people to defraud me, in the pur- formidable ; but (b far from it, that C 
; of the bullocks, of a large fum of ihould not be afraid, fo far as it con- 
eys which I difcovered, and turned cerned the fafety of my own periba, to 
out of my fervice; but not before be one of 2000 Europeans, with 10,000 
tad contrived to rob me of 300 ru- of the Company's Sepoys, and a good 
, and fome other valuable cffe&s. train of artillery, to fight the whole, 
r an ineredible deal of trouble, and Fifty thoufand were, lent to join the 
I obliged to go 60 miles myfelf into Mabrattas the latter end of December* 
uigreeable part of the country to About the fame time Col. Upton palTed 
the bullocks, I was ready, and fat within 20 miles of Aurengabad, in hia 
he 2ift day of Augufi, fourteen days way to Poonah, the Mahrattas capital, 

1 received the Nizam's letter. We from the Supreme Council at Bengal, 
ed at Aurengabad, a journey of with orders for the Englilh troops to re- 
miles, after very great fatigue, in turn to Bombay, and inftru£lions to en- 
lays. Fortunately for us, though deavour to accommodate matters be- 
for the country, we had very little tween the two contending parties of 
. or the roads would have been im- Mahratras: which it was thought be 
.ble to our carriages. Two days would accompIifli» as it wai uoc only 

ouratrival, Mr. Hardin and my- what ijie Nizim wished lor, butrecom- 

Mfere introduced to his Highnefs the mended iirongly to the pany he had 

.m, when in full Durbar ; the joined, 
deft fight of the kind I ever faw | I ihould have been as happy as .my 

tp fpeak in the court phrafe, were fuccels could have rn<ide me it ic had no| 

gracioufly received. He was pleafed been for the fufferings and lofs of tho(^ 

Qtr [it oneof hispJesfarefji'ufei in I ciincd with mc. N\r. Vi^idvu >»ivi% 

/ t^c oucfr gardeai of his p^Ucc t^keii iil of a fcvei, ai^d died ia l^vit-. 



t6 Ifdififiini LftiiT fhm tU iati Captain Pigov« [ J^Q* 

teen days* The two workmen were houfei for upwards of lizteen montht; 
1k>th dangrerouilv ill at the fame time i during which time he had been flicwing 
•ne recovered wrll enough for me to it, by his own invit^ciont, to every bo« 
«mbrace an opportunity of fending him dy in the fettiement, as well as repeat- 
away before me ; the orher continued fo ediy to his own f;imily and friends, at 
ill that 1 was ob'iged to leave him be- my expcnre, for I was obliged to keep 
hind. My c= ok and another fervant two workmen, and have Mr. Hardia 
both got ill in nuifinv Mr. Hardin, and with them the whole time, to play, and 
b«>th died ; and there w.s nor a fingle keep it in order ; notwithAanding u-hich, 
perfon except myfelf that ef'c^ped the it had received considerable damage : 
fever. The place is naturally unhealthy and, before I determined to carry it np 
from fttuation, as it is very low, and is the country, I waited on the Nabob 
almoft furrounded with hills ; but what with my friend Mr. Smith, and made 
nade it uncommonly fickly was, the him an offer of it for the money it had 
not having their proper rains, and the coft me. His anfwer was, that he nei« 
town's being fo exceedingly crowded ther had the money, nor could be raifa 
with people. Some thoufands of them it ; though he intended making nie a 
died. prcfenr, as he was fenfible of the very 

1 left Aurengabad the id of January great czpence I had been at, as well at 

laft with what baggage I had^ carried the difappointment in not buying it was 

by Coolies. The Niaam was pleafcd tome, particularly after my in isfortunes, 

to order ten Sepoys, which, with thofe And whcfn I took my leave of him, be* 

I carried up with me, made me very fore 1 fet out, he promifed me in the 

ftrong, as I was obliged to call at Ma- prefence of Mr. Bofwell, his family fur* 

fulipatam about my bonds, which lay gcon, a very worthy man, io,ooo pa* 

upwards of soo miles out of my road, godas, to be paid that time twelve- 

I returned a different road from that I month, as he was not then in cafli. 

went, and traveled fometimes for the On my return from my journey tea 

greateft part of the day through woods, months afterwards, he told me, that ha 

where I met with great intei ructions was afraid (as they talked of taking the 

from the Polygars, though tbeynevcr Tanjore country from him) he ihould 

dared to make a ferious attack. I ar* not be in calh at the time he promifed, 

rlvcd fafe at Mafulipatam the 24th of though I might depend upon his paying 

the month, where I fiaid two days to it to Mr. George Smith, my attorney, 

do my buHneft, and reft myltlf. Mr. when he was able. It is about the fum ' 

Whitehill the chief, and his family, of my expences carrying it up the coun«' 

were ready, and going to Madras. They' try; and, indeed, had he not promifed 

Tery obligingly invited me to travel in me a prei'ent, 1 ffiould not have engaged 

company with them, which would cer* in fo great an expence. 

tainly have been very agreeable, as they i believe we (hall be detained here 

bad every thing very comfortable about three or four days for want of carnages, 

them ; but I heard there were two fing- and bufinefs together. From hence wo 

liih Bengal (hips in Madras road, and I Ikall proceed to Paris, where i believe 

wanted, if poiAble, to five my paflage Mr. Whitehill and his family intend 

in one of them. 1 ihereCore fet out by flaying fbme time, &c. &c. &c. &c. I 

myfelf, and arrived the 13th of Febni- am, &c. Peter Pigou. 

ary at Madras four day* before them, jhe hydraulic machine was made in 

though too late to go in either of the London, and, I believe, did not cod Mr. 

fliips. The Ankerminke failed the day pjgou Icfs than nine ihoufand pounds, 

after, and the Hillfborough, Captain Hc is faid to have fold it to the Nizim 

Preaon, t«« days after my arrival, for two lacks of rupees. Bcfidcs other 

They were fo obligmg as to offer me a prefents, the N'izam gave to Mr. Pigoa 

paiTnge, though exceedingly crowded j , g^jd medal, weighing 200 gold rupees, 

but it was out of my power to accept of ^ti I poflfcfs an exzS model in lead of 

it, as 1 could neither procure ihe^necef- ^^,^5 medal, which is 5 J inches in diame. 

fary |»apeis in time from the Governor ^^^^ accompanied witn a tranlUiion of 

aiyl Council, for the fatisfaftion of my the inlcription, brought over with it, 1 

creditors, to prove that I have fuch a fubjoin a copy of the latter. 

fum of money owing tome; nor were !„ » f^j^yarc companment in the ob* 

my fervanta arrived with my baggage. vcrfc : 

The machine was, and had been ' " The viAorious Emperor 

Handing in one of the Nabob's pleaf uce- ShcVubciiOivcv 



V 



'f-Mafi.Jafr'.t7gi.ff./ri.p.tf 




Ijg2*} Portrait of Milton; and of ^ich^ Blond. — Lottery Shares f 17 



(the blazing ftar of religion) 

Mohammed 

Skah Gchan 

(king of the wnrli!) 

a fecond Saheb Kerari ^ 

(or lord of profperoiis fortune)."* 

On the fcAions round the fquare as 
fdllows : 

" This ooin, of the value of two hundred 
Moherty was llruck-^by Shahgehan, a fe- 
cond Tamerlane, tlte pniteAor of the true 
religion. — May the face of tlie gold acquire 
fuel I refulgence from the infcripcion of this 
ciiin — chat its brightoefs^ like iliat of the fuu, 
mvf give new light t(« the mosn." 

Ob the reverfe within the fquare : 

'< There if ho God but oney 
and Mohammed is the 
Prophet of God. 
Struck iu the imperial mint 

at Sliageliaiiabadi 

(that is Dehliy to which city 

Sliahgchan gave his name), 

A.U. 1064. A. D. 1653." 

Round this fquare is infcribed : 
" Th« faith received new fplendoor from 
ttie truth of Abu Beer— the juflice of Omar 
gave ftrength to religion.«-Religion was're- 
frefhed by the mild and amiable qualities of 
Och^Tisn — and the world was enlightened by 
tlic learning of Ali." 

Your old Correspondent* 



Mr. Urban, Batb^ Jam, a* 

MUCH having been faid of late re* 
fpe^ling the picture tf Milton ; I 
fend you the outlines of a fuppofed mi- 
niature of that poet in my poticiTion ; 
which you may polTibly think worth en« 
grAviog. (&€€ plate Hi. fig. 1 )• 

xouriy &C. John £lderton. 

Mr. UKBANy Jan, 6. 

THE porirair, of which a faithful re* 
fcmhlance is given by Mr. Bafirc in 
plaie 111. fig, 2, is copied from ihc fion- 
tifpieceof a fcarce tolunie in folio, inci- 
titulcd, ** HiHuria Provincix Anglicans 
Sucietatis Jcfu, Colle£lnre Henrico Mo- 
10, ejufdem Societaiis Sicerdote. Auuo- 
mariy typiv Thom^e Gcubcis, 1660." 

The piety and great abilities of this 
Jcluit are hi^^hly extolled \ bur of his 
perfonal hillory vety few particulars aie 
recorded. He was a native ot I^icc(\-v^r- 
(hire, and dclccnikd from a family above 
ihc common rank. He had a brother 
who was a knight, and lived in the 
neighbourhood of London. He ftudied 

• Sahebi THenui was a titlts of Tamerlane, 
Gun t. Ma g. J^OJiuar/, 1 7 y j« 



fome yearf at Oxford, and afterwards at 
Berne ; whence he removed tir fl to Spain, 
and afteo^'ards into lyi gland, where the 
office of Vice* provincial of the Jcfu its 
was purpofcly created for him in 16192 
and where he died about the year 16^ ^9 
a^ed more than 70. Any further parti* 
Gulais ot lum, or of his family, would 
much oblige, Yours, &c. M. Green. 

Mr. Urban, Jaw. 7. 

IN company with a few friends, the 
other night, the converfation hap« 
pened to turn on the lottery. A differ- 
ence of fentimcnt arofe as CO the liabi- 
lity of the fecurity to -the purchafers of 
fliares of tickets. It was the prevailing 
opinion, that the holders of (hares de- 
pended wholly upon the integrity and 
ability of the officc-keeper where fuch 
iharcs were fold, notwirhHanding that all 
fliares of tickets are now regularly (lamp- 
ed by authority of Govcmmenti and all 
whole tickets, divided into (hares, are 
lodged at the Bank. It was alferted, that 
you had no demand any where but on the 
otfice-keeper where you purchafcd ; and, 
confequenily, that it was ftill as necelfary 
as heretofore to be cautious in purchafmg 
at offices of eftablifhed reputation ; for, 
if you bought (hares at one of a contrary 
deicription, on any material fuccefs the 
office-keeper would be at the Bank lie- 
tore you, and, on producing the BanJc 
receipt for the ticket he had lodged there 
they would pay the amount of tne fortu- 
nate ticket f« /0#9| without any regard to 
its having been divided iuio (hares, or 
any wife ^uaruin^ the property of the 
holders of tho'e (hares that ticket was <ii- 
vidcd into. Shortly after, you come to 
the Bank with the (lamped (hare for your 
due prupoition of the fortunate ounibeT. 
Titey reter you to the office- keeper you 
purchafed of, alleJgi>i«r that they had 
Iculc i with him fur tue whole cick'.'t, 
and that i: was his hutVi.fs to tcttu- tor 
the (haics. In CO ilcquencc, you apply 
to him, though perhaps di (honed. I: :,is 
ioterefl piepon j'.ratej thacway, he (ctiivrt 
its if not, pro'jabl\ the laical :s decamp- 
ed; and where is yojriemcily? Hcn;:e 
the nec-.lVitv of buyinF at oiiice!» of clU- 
blilh.d iiOQuur. 

in «ii(vvcT to thi^:, I d;.':nan(]ed the uil'of 
Government (lamping ihjrc^ of tickers, it 
not :or;:uiler them Iccure '.oitic iioidii^f 
If it had not this ttf :£t, it was a inert- lie- 
ccpiion, unworthy Goveritmcnt, and \v 'ii.iC 
1 could not (uppoCc u \\^)w\d CQMVA^^- 
A^incc. My ideas ot vV\c n\^u^\ nnc\«> 

WW. 



l8 Mr. Bofwell ttnd tbi Gz{tct\\u—T9p0grtpbicat N9tias. [Jan. 



tfiit fuch tickets as any office-keeper 
chofe to dif ide into (bares he was ohhg- 
.cd by law to lodf^e at tbe Bank, raking a 
proper receipt for them, fpecifying the 
Bumhersy and what ibiret each was di» 
vided into; which ibare« were regularly 
ilamped, and by that proceft rendered ts 
lecure to the holders as whole tickets ; 
that the Bank would continue to hold 
• any ticket fo lodged, until all the fliarts 
were produced which fuch whole ticket 
was dif ided into ; that no office- keeper 
«ou1d obtain fuch ticket, notwithftanding 
iiis lodging it there, until he produced 
all the fliares he had divided it into; and 
that any holder of any ihare in fuch 
ticket would be paid his due proportion 
Vrhea be prefented it. Hence I thought 
it a matter of indifference at wbu omce 
flaroped (bares were bought, all being 
equally Cbcofc* But in tlwfe fcntiments 
I ftood akuie $ the whole company be- 
£du cfpQufed the contrary opinion. As 
YOtty Mr. Urbao, are the dgruier nfiri 
so many dificulties, the fentimenu of 
any of your ingeaious friends, who can 
afceruin bowtbii matter really ftands, 
will be an obligation to ad venturers, 
cfpecially as this great, allowed, annual, 
national game is now faft approaching. 
Yours, &c. Amicus. 

Mr. UacAR, J^v* i6. 

IN your Obituary for December, when 
you mention the death of Mrs. Gaf- 
trell, you quote from my Life of Dr. 

Johnfon an animadYcriion upon her huf* 
«nd, the Rev. Mr. Gaftreil, for having 
cut down Shakfpeare's mill beiry- tree, 
and upon her for having participated in 
that, offence againft the reverence due 
to Genius ; and you add, ^' neither 
Mrs. G. nor her hulband, we are well 
alFured, (ieferved this feverity of Mr. 
Bofwell, though we are not in poflelTion 
of the controverting proofs.'* 

[ think ic ntxeSaiy, for the fake of 
truth, and the autheottcity of my book, 
to obfervc, in anfwer ta your remark 
(and, at the fame lime, to a letter iign- 
cd TaavoR Jones, with which 1 have 
been favoured on the fubjefl), that 
1 hare quoted Dr. Johnfon as my infor- 
mer concerning Mr. Gaftreil { and that 
whoever wi(hes to fee a full account of 
his Gothic barbarity will 6ud it in the 
firft volume of Mr« Malone's admirable 
edition of Shakfpeare, p. ii8, related 
from the very beft authority. Mrs. Gaf- 
trell's acceilion was alfo lold me by Dr. 
Johnfon, though I did not mention hit 
sdjo^ tvMc & WMS difCg »s it iDigbt 



have given uaeafinefs to the old ladv, to 
know that one whom (be fo highly re* 
fpe6ted had in any degree ccnfured her. 
Yours, &e. Jam Ea Bos well. 

Topographical Particulars 
mot commonly known. 

THIL mod antieot houfe in Weffanin* 
fter in 1700 was fuppofed to be in 
Broken- crofs, near TothiiUftrcet, tod 
then inhabited bv a baker. 

The antient Three Tuna tavern, in 
the Little San6hiary, We(lmi after, was 
kept by Mr. Btceh, a Quaker, in 17031. 
An antient inn in George-yard, Weft* 
minfter, gave ^he name to George-ftKct* 
The chapel in Duke-ftraet, Weftmin* 
fter, was part of tbe houfe occupied bj 
the Lord Chief Juftice Jeffries. 

A Maypole was formerly pot up by a 
fmith at the North end of Ltttic Drury* 
lane, to commemorate his daughter's 
good fortune, who, being married to 
General Monk while a private gentle- 
man, became Duchefs of Albemarle af* 
tar the Reftoratioo. 

The Weft fide of Lincoln'l-Hin-fields 
was formerly cal\ed Arch- row; the 
South, Ponugal-row i and tbe Nortli, 
Holboum*row. 

Wild* houfe formerly ftood upon the 
iite of Wild -court, Wild-ftreet. A 
Spanifli ambafl*ador dwelt there after the 
Revolutions and a little before it was 
plundered of valuables by the rabble to 
the amount of ioo,oool. Newtoner's- 
lane was then called Little Sodom. 

A place called Loufe-hall ftood near 
Bridge water>gardens«in Alderfgate- ftreet. 
An Earl of Ayleftniry had a houfe in 
Aylelbury-ftreet, Clerkenwell; the cha- 
pel to wnicb was in St. John's- fquare, 
nad then a communication with the 
houfe, and at prefent forms a part of the 
building called Sr. John's church. 

That part of Grub-ftreet below the 
poft and chain was formerly (as of la*e) 
called Grape- ftreer. In a court oppofivc 
to the end of Butler's- at ley, and clofe by 
the houfe formerly occupied by General 
Monk, was a gate or door called Far- 
thine-latch ; from the circumftance of a 
houfe being privileged to demand a far* 
thing of every perfon pafHng that. way to 
or from Moorfields. The houfe is yet 
ftandiag contiguous to the (NtfTage. 

The houfe formerly occupied by Prince 
Rupert, in Beech- lane, and lately by 
Mr. Keene, a currier, has a part now 
made ufe of as a place of worfliip fof 
ibmc Diffenun. 



1 79a.] AiidJ given io Aindral Strong.— fii>!^ 9f Norwicb. 19 



Mr. U&BAN» ^(KT. at. 

I HAYS fent vou a drawing f//. ///. 
fg, ).) of A ^viti and medal, now ia 
my poflcffioay which was gifen to an an- 
cchor of mine, Admiral Strong, by King 
James the Second. It was co lufpend 
irom the neck, and it filver walbcd over 
with gold. If yoQ think it worthy of 
engraving in your MagauQC, it is ac 
your fcr? ICC I wifli any of your intclli* 
gent correfpoodcnu would do me the Ik* 
vour to give an account of a man, who 
mod haTc been ferriccable 10 hit country 
to obtain fo- honourable a nark of appro- 
badoo from a king* wbo certainly, what- 
ever were his indiuretioos, was a hrave 
failor* I believe he was Rear-admiral of 
the Irifli (cats but ihall confider myfelf 
highly obliged to you by ioCerting any 
particulars relating to hii life and fer- 
viccs» Yours» &c« Lico« 



*I2 Ktji#*£fe«f», lUJlf^^ sfiiXcV 

Job i. ver. %i. edit. LXX. 

Mr. Urban, Chtlfta, Jmm. s- 

THIS morning, in one of our papen 
(the Diary )v I read, with no fmali 
agitation of mind, the following para- 
gfapb*: 

** We are forry to report, that the 
Bishop of Norwich has entirely./^ 
the nfi^f his rigbt-bMuL^* 

It is poiflble. Sir, that many may not 
know either the charader or the name 
of the Prelate in queftion \ but if the 
permanency of your pamphlet equal my 
wiflies, from a long cwnvi£lion of its 
great utility, I am glad to inform them 
now, and to record it to fucceeding 
times, that it if Du^lor Georg£ 
Ho&NB, lace Prefidcnt of Magdalen 
CoHege, Oaford, which he refigncd a* 
bout a year (ince, afterwards Deao of 
Canterbury, and nov/ Bilhop of Nor- 
wich*. Humble in my clerical walk, 
and not having fcen him more than 
twice, at Oxford and in Kent, I can 
only fay, Tantnm duhs ntligionu viJi: 
but it foothes my mind gieatly, un- 
der a fenfe of his late fevere vilita- 
tion, that I truft to have done much 
more and better, both for mylclf and for 
him. Among his various other writ- 
ings, which are all excellent, 1 have 
lon^ been a great admii cr of his palmary 
produ£kioo, ** A Commentary on the 
JSook. of P^Ims." It was in a Ccalbn of 
peculiar rria)^ dj/irtrfs, and gloom, andp 



firft of all, in the dreary walls of a pri* 
fook whuher Friendlhip^ goads oadl 
urged my vilit, that the radiance of hit 
labours firft beamed-in upon my then 
much harralTed fpirits { and I therefoj^ 
bleffed God, and looked upward. Who» 
ever. Sir, has not perufed this very (in* 

gilar performance, hath not feen the 
n of Jefle and his melodious alTociatet 
in all their glory : and from the period 
I read it, till his Lord(hip*s advance* 
mem to the bench, it was one of my 
warmeft wiihes to fee him thus highly 
honoured $ bccaufe it would be for me* 
rits which, in my idea, made ** the pcfi 
itfelf Hand candidate for bimJ" 

To this maB then it is> that I beg, SSr^ 
through your aififtance, to addrefs the 
following lines*. Feeble indeed they 
are, but rendered the more fo from the 
weight of my fubje^ : happy, however^, 
if the writer of them, and thenr amiable 
caufe, may nnvet hereafter in that place, 
where the lame man (hall leap at urn, 
hart, and where harps better than Davi- 
dean may place our freed fpirits in b 
fiate of more harmonious tranquillity 
than this checquered life is, wifely, caU 
culated to enfure. 

Who, Sir, can fail to be ftruck wit4t 
fentences like the foliowing, which of- 
ten revibrate upon my ear and inifom, 
and are at the fame time fo feelingly ap* 
polite to the prcfent ilate of their au- 
thor > 

•• Greatnefs," fays he, "tonfers no 
exemption from the cares and (brrowa 
of life. Its (hare of them frequently 
bears a melancholy proportion to its ex- 
altation. This the Ifraelitifti monarch 
experienced. He fought in piety that 
peace which he could not find m /at- 
pire; and alleviated the difquietudcb of 
ftate with ilie excrciles of devotion. 

** H<s invaiuablePfalms convey thofc 
comfort4 to others which they anurdcd 
to hiniktf. Compofed opon particular 
occalionk, yet defigned for general ufe s 
deliveied out as lervtces for ifraelites 
under the Law, yet no iefs adapted to 
the circumftances of Chriftians under 
the Gofpcl I they prefent Religion to us 
in the moft engaging drefs; communis 
eating truths, which Philofbphy could 
never invefiigate, in a ftyle which Poe- 
try c^n never equal ; while hiUory is 
made the vehicle of prophecy, and crea- 
tion lends all its charms, to paint the 
glories of Redemption. Calculated a- 
ijke to profit and 10 plcACe, iVvi:^ mlottfi 



JJcwaslbMtbcdiiscofUiiskacr! Edi r. * See our Poetry SfX. Ibia mo^Vx, ^ c^i 



x^<^ 



20 Dr. Hornc, late Bijhop of Norwich. — Zeal of Lcwotc Baau [Jan* 

tbe undcrAandingy cleTate the aflfec- lead, about the eighth of an inch thicic 

tionsy and enuruin the imagiDation, Tn the center is a bird, probablv the fa* 

Indited under the influence of Him to mdy creft ; and round it» in the Nor* 

vrhom all hearts are known, and all man letter^ 

events foreluiowny they fuit mankind in q> t cXTCYTP^ "RTTTT ^U 

all fuuations, graUful a$ ibi manma, ^ l^tKUlt 15AA. ►!< 

nuhkh dffcended from ahovt, and con^ i.e. tbt feal •/ Ltnvote Baa. The flunk 
f$rmeditftlf to tvtry patatt. The fair- refembles the branch of a vine, rifing at 
eft produdHons of human wit, after a one end, and bending itfelf into a loop» 
few perufali, like gathered flowers, wi* ^i^en fpreads by way of ornament over 
ther in our hands, and lofe their fra« the back of the fesl. The Baas were a 
^rancy : but thcfe unfading plants of family of eminence formerly in Kent, 
Faradife become, as we are accudomed though apparently long fince extinf^, or 
to them, flill more and more beautifuL Ihrouded under a corrupt mode of writ- 
Thcir bloom appears to be daily height* ing their furname { which, in its original 
ened ; frelh odours are emitted, and Uite, was perhaps the (horted any where 
new fwcets extra£\ed fVom )hem« He to be found. They were aniiently feated 
who hath once tailed their excellences, in the parifh of Ickham, near Canter- 
will defire to ude them yet again ; and bury, on the manor of Ba^ from whence, 
he who tades them oftencft, will reliih it feems clear, they had their denomina- 
them, beft. tion. Our county hiftorians mention 

*' And now, could the author flatter them ; lo does Wcever, in his Funeral 
himfeif that any one would uke half the Monuments ; but Mr. Hafted, (peaking 
pleafure in reading the following Expo- of the manor, tells us, the Bay farm^ 
liiion, which he bath taken in writing anciently called the manor of Baa^ had 
it,, he would- not fear the lofs of his la- formerly poflefTors of the fame furname, 
bour. The employment detached him as appeared by an old fragment of giafs 
from the buftle and hurry of life, the in this church, ot which were left only 

dii) of politicks, and the noife of folly : thefe words. Hie dt Baa . . . . ^ 

vanity and vexation flew away for a fca- and under a coat of arms, vm. O. a lion 
fon } care and difquietude came not near rampant S. crowned A, was written in 
bis dvvclhng. He arofe, frefli as the old French capitals, THfbMAS U£ Ba, 
morning to his taik; the filence of the of which there are now no remains Icfu 
night invited him to purfue it; and he He is fuppofed to have refiucd at this 
can truly fay, that food and reft were manfion, and to lie buried in the South 
not preferred before it. Every Piiilm chancel of this church, which iti dill 
impioved infinitely upon his acquaint* called by his name; where, under an 
ance with itj and no one gave him un- arch in the wall, his efHgies, habited in 
caiinefs, bur the lail s for then he armour, ftill remains lying on a tomb at 
grieved that his work was done. Hap- full len^ih, almoH cniire, hut v/ithout 
pier hours than thofe which have been any in(cription. He dors net fay when 
Spent in thefe meditations on the Songs this family became cxtin6l ht re, hut that 
of Sion, he never cxp(.£ls to fee in this they were (uccctded by the Windciion^, 
' world. Very pleafani:v did they p.iU, of Windcrton, in tht nljoinmg pai:(h of 
and moved frvoothly aod iwiftly along ; VVingham, who held it till the firft year 
jFor, when thus engaged, he counted no of King Henry VIII. 
time.— They arc goncj but have lefta To account for the fcal bting found in 
reliih and fragrance upon the mind; and Giliingham, I Ihall note, that there is a 
the remembrance of them is fwect.*'— • lane between the manor -houfcs of Up* 
Fieface to Dr. Home's Commentary, bery and If^e/fcuurt, leading from the 
p. jxiii. &c.^-Wifliing you, Sir, and efp'.:nade ufihe lines, Eaft, towards the 
your readers, a happy tftntty-fwOy 1 psiifli chuich, ot late impropcily called 
am, Mr. Ui ban, your frequent corre* Daik-lanc, by rcuionot the overhanging 
fpoudent, EusEBIUS. trees; but ot which it appears! by the 

— — manor rolls and various delcriptions of 

Mr. Urban, Brompton^Kii:t,Nov,i*i» the lands aojoir.ing, that the real namciy 

THE feal, of which 1 fend you an Ba or Boy-fireex^ whence one of the 
impretiion (fig. 4), was found a fields adjotnii«g \^ ft ill known by the 
few days (ioce by lome woikmcn in the name ai Bay ftreei-fitld. On the fides of 
grounds of B. Dougla;), clq. near this lane it is apparent tliere ftood for* 
Chuich- ftreet, Gillingham, who very merly leveral houies having fmall por* 
ifbljgwgly pr€{cDicd it M me, Jt i$ of tious ot land conu^UQM^'^ v<Wic&c>\<i vt 



1792.] Infcriptim at Bedgbury YioxsXc.'^Memorial of Charles I. 21 

was called t ft race. And hiiher» it it 

more cfiaD likely, a younger branch of 

the BoMi^ of Ickhaniy trinfplantcd chem- 

fdvet, andy pofTcfliog propeny therein, 

gaTe name to the f(reer. Ltwot Baa^ 

whole fcal has been fo recently found, 

was probably one of them \ but whether 

this family in Gillingham ufed the fame 

arms as thofe already defcribed, I cannot 

afcertain, although I am incHntd to 

think they diJ not, or that thtre were 

other families in England of this name, 

u'lio bore a ditferent coat ; for, in a large 

manufcript colic£Hon of arms in tiick, 

done in the reign of Elizabeth or Jxmes 

1, ptuei mit the following coat is afcrib- 

cd to the name of BoA^ wk. G. a che- 

f ion between three mullets A« 

Yours, &c« John Tracey. 



Mr. Urban, Barton, Nov. &. 

THE following inicription (with the 
arms \npUtt ItLfi^. 5,) was found 
on (he foundation-ilope of Bed^bury- 
houfe, in the county of Kent, belonging 
to John Cartier, e'iq. who laicly pur- 
chafed it, and pulled it down, in order 
to erc6k another in its place. 

The infcription was lately communis 
cated to me by a noble friend of mine, 
who, though deeply fkilUd in heraldry 
and anti(]ui:ie;i, cculd give me no infor- 
mation leiative to Sir James Hayes, and 
Rachel Viicountels Faikland. I'eihaps 
iome of your correlpondcms may be able 
to do it* Yuur^, &c, L. R. 

Benignitate Dei, 
cui parent (Mnnia, 
fpuUis profundi et abfconditis arenar. thefauris 
quaa coelitMS locupletes faiSli, 
Jacosus Hayei, eq) aurat. 
Sereitiiiimo Regi Carolt) II. 
a fandtutribus confiliis in Hibernia, 
et Rachel Vicecomiiilfa Falklandix, u;curejuf, 
lianc domum faeliciter a fundameiitis 
Aruxerunt, 
aniio Pom. mdclxxxviii . 
Pa, Pater Omniixitens, bona qui mitii cunda 
dedilU, 
Hie pietas,hic prifca rides,concordia,viitus, 
Regum amor et patris; mancaiii ptr fecula 
cun^, 
£t bene qu^fitis venlnt centefimus haeres. 
f^xempbr hujus tabulae in fiindamciilis 
ejus dt)mi!ls 
CooUiCore^ Dcoin venerati pofuemnt* 

Mr. Urban, GUuafier, Jan, 4. 

IN vol. L}CI. p. 401, after giving the 
defcriptioD ot a fiiver heaic, which 
feems to nave been intended to perpetuate 
the remembrance of the c/uei moo horrid 
fiMtAiopiic pt the ifDfortUDAtc King 



Charles, your correfpondent expreflfes « 
dcfire to Know if there are any other ex* 
taot than what he defcribcs. This hu 
brought forth, p. 814, the dcfcription of 
another (ilver heart, with little variation. 
1 have the ple^fure to inform Antiquitatia 
Confervator, that 1 have in n\, potfeflioa 
one of the fame k*nd, with this difference 
only, <uix. it U in every lefpefl the fame 
as that defer ibed in p. 401, except the 
infcripuon on liic outfide of the lid (or 
that part anlwering to Fig. a in the Plate 
p. 401) : mine has on the outfide of the 
lid, ** January 30," Sec, as dcfcribed ia 
piaU US. /i^. 6 i and in tlte inlide, under 
" Prepared be to follow me C. R." are 
thefe marks engraved =s, intended for 
fume purpofe at prefcnt unknown. 

Yours, &c. A. V. 

Mr. Urban, Uoij Ifiand, 03, la. 

HAVING never met with any ratio- 
nal account of certain Uoney coa* 
crciions, thrown up by the tides on a 
certain part of tlie fhorc at this place, 
and thinking them very extraordinary, 
I have attempied a dcfcription of them, 
which 1 requcd you to inteit, with the 
drawings that accompany them (Fl. IIL 
fiS' 7» 8, 9, 10.), in hopes it may ex- 
cite the attention of the inquifitive and 
curious ; and that fume fatisfa^ory ac- 
count of tbeir nature and origin may be 
obtained. 

Tliefc (loney concretions arc knowa 
here by the name-of St. Cuthbirt'sbtmiii 
but how they came by that appellation, 
I have not met wiih any intelligent ac« 
cotiQt. St. Cuthbert was the eigbtb 
bithop of Lindufernc about the latter 
end of the fcventh century, and is high- 
ly famed in legendary records for his 
piety and auAericy when living, and for 
miracles performed by his body when 
dead. 1 think it not improbable, though 
1 liavc never received any hint of the 
kmd, that St. Cuthbert may have re- 
commended his hearers to count, and 
keep a regiller, as it were, of tbeir re« 
petitions of ceitain devout formularies, 
each day or week, with thefe Itones; 
and that thence they have obtained the 
name of St. Cjthbert's beads. There 
is a vulgar, fu^JCiilitiou>, tradition, thac 
they aie made by that holy perfonage. 

The foim of thei'e concretions is ge* 
nerally that of a complete cylinder ; the 
height of which commonly exceeds the 
diameter, though not always. They 
are of various lues*, few of vhtth^ Vvq>«« 
ever, exceeding three- foutxYuo^ axk\i&c\i • 
in Jcngtbi and &v( lm^% W ^\9ja^v:t\ 



21 St. Cathbert'i Seatbi Cmcntionsfrom Holy Iflaod. [Jan. 



hvtt mntj of them ir Teir rnivnte. In 
genera! they tre of a dark clay colour t 
thrirfurface is poliihcd and (hining, but 
furrounded at equal diflapces by circu- 
lar furrows, feemingly diTidingthe cod« 



b^ the biib is rough, and nrragular, eri* 
dentiy fra6^ured. From iheapcx of the 
horn, as from a centre, proceed at re« 
gu|ar diftances fmatl^ furrows, which 
extend length-ways towards the bafe. 



cretion into To many fmaller beads s but poA thus give the concretion a ftriped 

fo far as my trials have gone, are not appearance. It is alfo irregularly uir« 

feparable at thefe diviHons. rounded , by annular divtfions, like the 

Both ends of the cylinder are very St. Cuthbert*s beads, and, when brok* 



beautiful; the centre is indented, and 
of a pentagonal form, from which pro- 
ceed radii to the circumference of the 
circle, and the margin is often foq^e- 
vihzi elevated. 

Each ftone confifts of two diftinft 
pans, an exterior, and central; the for- 
mer, hard and brittle; the latter, fofter. 



en, has a cryftalline appearancci but it 
has no diftri£k central portion. The 
Hze of any of this kind that I have met 
with never exceeded the length of the 
firil joint of the little finger. Others re* 
fembling ftaladites, and probabl]f ar« 
fuch) thefe are cylindrical and laminat- 
ed. There are alfo fleoder branched 



more friable, and commonly of a darker flones, the furface of which is indented 



colour. The pentagonal portion pene- 
trates the centre of each (lone. This 
may be fcooped entirely out with a pin, 
or probe. Some very fhort ones are to 
be met with where this is wantmg, a 
beautiful pentagonal hole being atone 
obfervcd. This however is rare, and 
appears rather to be accidental than na« 
tural. 

Though thefe ftones appear quite 
fmooth, and of a dark clay colour, yet, 
when fmartly flruck with the blow of a 
common hammer, they (hiver into many 
angular pieces, having a whitilh cry* 
liaTline appearance, exa£lly refembling 
the coarfer calcareous fpars. They are 
hard and brittle, but not fo hard as to 
Icratch glaft, like the (iliceous earths. 
Whilctheexieriorpait of the bead thus 



with numerous fmall pointed impreliions, 
Thefe refemble corals Co much, that I 
have no doubt they are of that clafs. 

All thefe concretions are found on the 
beach to the Well of this ifland, but 
on no other part of the beach. Here 
they are loofely fcattered amongfl the 
ihciis, pebbles, fiones, ^c. that are 
thrown up by the furf. I have examin* 
ed the rocks and larger Aonea in the 
places adjacent, but have never met with 
any refemblan^es of them. On the 
North Ball fide of the ifland, however, 
there is a large track of limeAone, which 
abounds with thefe concrttions. They 
lie length-ways, and in clufters^ are 
deeply immerfed, forming a part, as it 
were, of the fubftance of the limellone. 
Some are more fuperficial, and may be 



ihivers into pieces, the central portion detached entire. They are evidently the 

either remains unaltered, or is^ by the C^n^t concretions with thole I have juft 

violence of the blow, bruifed into a very defcribed, only they are not fo regular^ 

dark day-coloured powder. When the being comprcfl'ed, or flattened, in many 

exterior part is pulverized, it is whitiih. places, and their furfaces arc coarfer and 



Such is the appearance of the more 
regular formed of rhcfe concretions. 
They arc not, however, all equally re- 
gular; the central part in all does not 
aflume a pentagonal form. In many 
the radiated llruaureis fcarcely difcerni- 
bte. On the fides of fome are fmall pro* 
tubcraiices, with concave fmooth fur- 
faces, having much the appearances of 
branches, or ramifications, as if the 
larger concretions (hooted out fmaller 
ones from its fides. But thefe varieties 
are perhaps the effe£l of fome accident. 

Befides thefe concretions, that are 



unpolifhed. In none could I find the 
beautiful radiated end; and the greater 
part had no diflin£l central portion. 
The horned •like concretions, when fe* 
parated from the rock, ftill more ex* 
adly lefembled thofe 1 have delcribed, 
as found on the Weflern beach, only in 
general the latter are mucli larger. 

The earth of all thefe 1 have found to 
be purely calcareous. When powdered, 
it cfTervefced violently with the vitriolic 
and acetous acid, and entirely diffolved 
in the muriatic, from which laftit could 
again be ptecipiuted by the vegetable 



known by the name of St. Cuthbcrt's alkalies. 
beads, feveral others are to be met with To prove that the cffervefcence is oc» 

on the fame channel, not a little re- cafioned by the difcharge of fixed air, 

ffjarkable; /00U rctcmbVm^xht knob o^ I have impregnated water with it by * 

M horn, or cffrttM'Co^ra, The point of means of Dr. ^ootW^a^i^^aiiaiiu^* 
f/ijf coDCTftioa is fmooth, and rounded^ Struck wiiU lUt d\Sti^tkCft \iv \Vvt ^y* 



179*-1 ^'' Cuthbcrt's Beads.-^Johtt Wcflcy in America. 2 J 

peannce of the ccncral and cortical part Mr. Urban, Jan, %• 

€if the St. Cuthbert'i beads, 1 fubjefted JNSTEAD oi wundirim^ in the lieat* 

them ftparately to trials with the acidi. 1 ^n piths of France, permit me to la/ 

lo doing of which, I as carefully as , word or two relative to my frft *w4m-' 

poflible fcparated the two pans, and ^^ jq the thtn unknown path s ot Anie- 

reduced them to powders and pouting fj^a, as 1 (hall not feci ([uite cafy itU C 

tht vitriolic acid upon each, I thought ^ave fupplied, in fome meafure, the 

the central part eflTerTefced much Icfs want of informatioD which the inuenioui 

▼iolcndy than the exterior. NatfatisBed, Mr. Hamfon laments the wa nt o?, rcla- 

howercr, from this, of the truth, I re- ^^^ xjo Mr. John Weflev's condu^ dur* 

duced a whole bead to powder, without ing the fliort time he ▼ifited Georgia, and 

fepantingthetwoparts, and poureH upon chiefly redded at Savannah in that cola- 

it fume muriatic acid: it effervefccd with ny i for, though it is much more than 

f^reat violence { but on examination 1 half a century ago, fome fa£is are flill 

Ibottd t fmall quantity of dark clay-co- fre(h in my memory, which I am forry 

lonred powder undiiTolved, evidently the j hail it not in my power to communicate 

central part. I varied the experiment, to Mr. Hamfon before he publiflicd tl^ 

and poured uponabead,initsperfeAflaie, life of fo extraordinary a man. 
tht muriaiic acid, which afied violently Mr. Hamfon fays, vol. I. p. i86 ; 
upon it, foon diflblving all the exterior u as to liis ufefiilnefs in America, as wx 

part, and leaving the interior portion ^^vc little information, we can form no ac- 

quite detached, and upon which it feem- curate conceptnn ; airthat we can learn of ic 

cd to have had no efle^. This interior miift be from his own account, which is as 

part retained its pentagonal form, and CiUlows." 

wasbcfides beautifully ribbed. He then dates Mr. Wcilfy's own ac- 
From thefe experiments, I truft, it count, and feenis laiher to doubt tlie 
appears that the exterior and major part propriety of his conduft even from his 
of the concretion is a pure calcareous own ftory ; and as that Aory feemt to re* 
earth ^ and that the interior part is diffrr- fl^a on the character of Mr. Cauftin, and 
cnt. But to what clafs of earths it is his nieee Mi(s Sophia, I hope and believe 
referable, I have not tried ; however, I M^. Hamfon will (hew fome attention to 
have little doubt of ^nding ic argilla- miae; for, though I was then a boy, I 
ceous. was not infenfible to the beauty and vir- 
Such are the natural appearances of the tucs of that young lady, nor to the con« 
concretions called St. Cuthbert's beads, ^u^ of Mr. Weflev ; and, i>elide, 1 was 
fo little known i and of whofe origin X not only upon the (pot when that fracms 
can form no determinate opinion. I between the parties happenci*, but lireil 
think, however, it is plain, and will be under the fame roof, and undec the iame 
generally allowed that they mud have prote6^ion, of her unde Mr. Caultin, 
had fome other mode of exiAence (if 1 who was a man of too much integiity to 
may fo (peak), than what we find them be guilty of fuch proceedings as Mr* 
on the beach, or incafcd in the lime* Wefley has loaded him with. Wc:(ley 
ttone. ^ ^ had arrived at Savannah a fliurt time be- 
How are we to fuppofc them origi* fore £ did. Dr. Huiton had given me a 
oally produced? Do they grow after letter to him; and I was permitted to l>e 
the manner of corals? Are they petri- one of his iarly congregation at morning; 
fadions? Are they produced by a loit prayers in the chapelofSavannah ; and I 
of cryAallization } Do they inrreafe <n almoft conflantly wi:nt thither with Mils 
fiaci like minerals, by an appcution of Sophia. After prayers, (he, and I believe 
new matter? Are thev formed in the (omeother females, went cod lUntly home 
limeilone rock ? Or did they not rather with Mr. WcHcy to bis KxigingK, in oi- 
cxift previous to their Bx^tiion there? dcr to Ih; funhcr indru^cdt and £ well 
If any of your correfpondcncs will fa- lememU^r wondering why 1 was not alk- 
Tour me, through the channel of your cd alfo. Surely, (aid I, my Ibul is of 
ufeful and fcicntific publication, with as much importance as ihciisj and if I 
an anfwcr to thefe queries, or with a am to be excluded a part of the bcncfir, 
few pertment remarks on the fubjcc^ of I will withdraw myfelf altogether ; and 
the above-mentioned concretions, he did (o. Mr. Wiiliamion, a young ad- 
will in a particular manner oblige K.W. venturer like mylelf, but fome years 
**^ Fig. XI. in Plate id. is a tradef- older, and who went over in the fame 
man's tuk en from Lynn RfiGiSj ftnt (hip with me, pA\d hU addT\i\\<:MO M\(^ 
f u* by Mr, G. CoDLisG. i^Qpbta^ and lA a Ih^ii uiiu '4\xa vciuwe^ 



14 Thi Wanderer's Account of John Weflcy in America. [ Jan. 

her; tnd then, having feen the many 
letters which Mr. Johu WcHey had writ- 
ten to that young lady ; letters which I 
underdood then, and have heen affured 
iincc, contained an oHo of Religion and 
"Love, he forbade his wife attending ei- 
ther his chapel or his houfe in future { 
and that was the foundation of the future 

Jiuarrel between him and Mr. William* 
on's family. It is not manv years (ince 
I faw Mr. WtlHamfon, his lady, and his 
fon, I think at their huufe in Smith- 
ftrcct, Wcftminfter: Mr. Williamfon 
was then old and infirm j but we talked 
this matter over together { and he tbm 
affured me, that he thought the letters fo 
miry improper^ that he had fbme thoughts 
of publifhing them. Whether he be liv- 
ing It this time, I know not; but it is 
probable Mrs. Williamfon, or her Ton, 
or both, are ; and to them I appeal for 
the truth of what I have here advanced. 
Nor will Mr. James Hutton, the (on of 
that good man Dr. Hutton, his father, 
SKVW with God, venture to fay, that 
Charles Wefley did not ipifiolmff his dtaf 
fifltr wiili letters of the fame kind i let- 
ters which rendered her very unhappy 
till (he (hewed them to a fifler of mine, 
who anal y fed them to her fathfaSion, 
However great and good Mr. Wefley 's 
life or general condu^ may have been, X 
will not futfcr the n^mes of people as 
Tirtuous as himfclf to ht fo fligmatized. 
Nor is what Mr. Wefley has faid of the 
Indians true. I knew them well ; lived 
much with them ; nay, could fpcak their 
language. They lived indeed in a Aate 
of Nature, and flrangers to the Gofpel ; 
but they pofTetfcd virtues (till Cbriftians 
corrupted Ibem) which would do honour 
to human-nature. Mr* Wefley, indeed, 
wore the Indian fhoe called Mai/gazeins, 
and flept tolled up in a blanket ; at leal\ 
he told roe he did : hut I can avow that 
he made a long and fatiguing journey 
with mt through the w<M)d> to Frederica, 
but cbofe to return tj luater as the eajitfl 
nvay ba^k, A had woman, whom he 
had offended at Savannah, decoyed him 
into her houfe, threw him upon her bed, 
and with her fciirars cut off one fide of 
his fine long Adonis locks of auiiurn 
hair; hair which he took infinite pains to 
have in the moft exadt order \ which, 
withhib benign and humble countcnancr, 
gave him a very pleafing a(pe6l : and I 
well rememljer feeing him preach after- 
wards at Savannah chapel, with his hair 
io long on one fide, and fo fh(»rt un the 
other, that thofe who faw him on the 
mwf^ yfJIf mii^ht hive oiferved, H^bat m 



iropt biud of bair tbg jimng p&rhn bM 
6nl When I returned to England* I 
found my fifler among his flock, and (he 
prevailed upon me to accompany her to 
hear him preach. We both fat in Lady 
Huntingdon's pew; and when her Lady- 
(hip afkcd Mr. John Wefley, Whether 
he or his brother Charles preached (for 
thev were both in the pew with us)? be 
replied, "My brother Charles." «' That," 
faid (he, " will be a great difappotntment 
to the youiig man before you (naming 
my name), tor he is come, on purpofe 
to hearjf««." Upon which (for he knew 
roc) he very obligingly took his brother's 
tafk, and cnarmed me with his perfuafive 
eloquence. Yet, when I met him a few 
years fxnce in the Welfh paffage-boat, 1 
could hardly prevail upon him to be 
commonly civil; though I had travelled 
with him by land, and failed with him 
from Georgia to South Carolina! Yet the 
only cenfure he had beftowed on me at 
Georgia was, in a letter to Dr. Hutcan, 
" that I did not give him fo much of my 
company as I ought :" but then he did 
not give me fo much of his as I wifhed ; 
for I wiflied to accompany Mifs Sophia 
to the aftir-cburcb le£ture, but was ne« 
verafked. A WandekeR. 

P.S. Should Mr. Uamfon*« Life of 
Mr. Wefley ^et into another edition, I 
am at his fervice for funher information* 
If 1 miflake not, young Mr. William- 
fon is a clergyman ; I know he was in* 
tended for the Church. 

Mr. Urban, Jan. ii. 

IN vol. LXI. p. 990, I read remarkt 
on a cavern near Peniiih, vulgarly 
called Tbt Giant' j Cave, Led to vifn 
that place fomc years ago, I was fur- 
prizeil that fo little couUl be learned of 
its anttent inhabitants, if ever mure than 
one took up refidence there -, but do not 
hefitate to ueierraine it was the habita* 
lion of fome hermit. The reccfs cut ia 
the rock to receive the matrrcfb is yet 
p^rfe£t i and the marks of gratings antl 
hoU-holes, with fuir.e remains ot ma* 
fonry, fhcw that the retreat has been 
well iccured, The fituation is romantic, 
and well adapted to reiiginu^ feveritits: 
it is aif^ adjacent to the church of St. 
Ninian. I have met with no records 
that give light to the (ubjcH. : indeed, 
few hermitages have left fuch evidences 
as that ot S-, Godric, at Frichale, iu 
the county of Duihnm. Even the fa* 
mous hermitage ot Wark>»orth, in Nor* 
thumbcrUnd, has left little but tradition, 
though tU« \KaLUt^ ol \2tLe ^^i^mk^cv, ^t^^ 



1 792.} Hift§ry 9/ Cumberland.— P/i»7y!7^/0ff rf Humm Scms. 25 

workmaalhip in the rock, perhaps, fur- ly petrified, has been debated by fcverai 

pefs every thiog of the kind in fiarope. of your corrtfpondcncs. The following 

On beiDe; a( Catlille ]auly» 1 was is a ihort ftate of what they have faid. 
pkafcd to bad that Mr. Jollie, an in- Vol. XXXII. p. 155. There is an 

arious bookfeller there, was aflido- account of a fmall piece of a human bo- 
f collefting materials hot a com- dy, ftrwgly pttrifitd^ being found oa 
pictt Hiflory of the County of Cum* <ligging in an old burial-ground at 
berland. A gentleman, who has already Folkdone, in Kent. A piece of the 
gndficd the publtck with fome of hit coffin, alfo/rM^/K/^z/r^^/i/, was attach- 
woiks, wkh a diftioguiihed liberality, ed to it. Two bones lay half out of the 
has put into Mr. Jollie's hands the col- mafs ;. whether their fubftance appeared 
kdioos which, fome few years ago. he to be altered, is not faid. The mafs of 
prepared for that county hiftory. The fleOi, as to colour, looked like a piece 
Clergy and Gentkmen of the county of mummy, or embalmed flefli, inter- 
have moft indulgeiitly fent to the intend- fperfed with iron-coloured fpots. 
cd editor their hiftorical remarks and de- Vol. LVII. p. 463. A Cttfunt Ria* 
fcripcioDS, fo that we have reafon to ex- ii*r alks, muhether there were ever found 
peA a valuable work, which is proqitfed any parts of the human body c^mpUatly 
to be gircD to the prefs early in the petrifitd^' that is, not incrufted with 
fpriog. The fubfcription is filled with ftony particles, but compleatly flone? 
difliiiguiihed names^ which is the bcft He fuppofes Linnaeus^ Koolitbus bommis 
defcriptioo of the public eipeClatioa. to mean an incruftMtion oniy. 

The county or Cumberland abounds P. 969. Mention is made of a petri- 

witb natural beauties and antiquities 1 fied man, btnt andfi*Jb turmd intoftomt^ 

the field isJarge for the dcfcriptite pen ; feen in the Viila Ludovilia at Rome by 

and the hiflorian will have ample materi- Sir Richard Fitnihavv. 
alt to enliven the work with interefting P. 781. Obftrvator fays, the antienrs 

iDciclcnts. fpeak of entire bodies and ikeletons 

Great praife is due to Mr. JuUie, who found petrified ; and that one was found 

comes forward /^/^ to gratily the pre-, at Aix en Provence in 1583; but he 

fent age, greedy ol topographical infor- does not quote his authority. He fays 

nation, and to give to polieriiy (he ho- he has in his poiTrlTion two fpecimens of 

nours of the coumry where he lives, at a human bones comfleaily fitrifitd» 
vaft capence, and with infinite labour P. 1071. Thi^c there was luch a thing 

and atccntioD. at the Villa Ludovifia is confirmed, aa 

It is to be hoped every admirer of to- far as that goes, by an account given of 

^ographical hiftory, and every lover of it in the 11 Mrrcarh E^rante, a dcfcrip- 

his country, will affid the undertaking, tion of Kume, printed in 1750 j but 

by communicating fuch records, hiAoii- another curref'pondent Qicws, that the 

cal iubjeds, and mactersi of antiquity, as book of travels, from which this account 

they may poHcfs ,- and that the private was taken at p. 969, was not written by 

lepofitories h\ genilcinen will be liberal- Sir Richard Faulbaw. 
]y opened, to nuke th« woik ascompleat Vol. LV 111. p. 31. In Les Delicts Jc 

as pofTible. i^llalif, torn. III. p. 115, mention is 

The progrcfs and prefent (late of trade made of a petrified Jkele. oh. And in 

and oaanutaAure, ra.ural hillory, and Voyage d*UM fraf'fots en luiie, 1765 & 

every other fubje£l that can gratify the 1766, tom. III. tUeie is f^id to be (in 

curious eye, I am told, arc enquired af« what place is not fiid) u.kc petrefa^ion 

tcr by the intended editor, who has dif- bumatne fingutiire. .Vnd our country - 

peifed round the country and its envi- man Lafcellcs ^ivcs a lar^^cr account of 

rons queries, addtcfied to gentlemen, that at the Villa Ludovifia, which he 

for that purpofe. ex pre illy l'dy» is a nian tumtJ into fidne^ 

As I am an enc^urager of works of p. 383. Mr. Douglas adverts to the 

this fort, I cannot foil>ear thus rccom- peti.htd flcdcton fuppofcd to have been 

mending the intended publication, and found at Gibraltar, and fhcws that that 

know you do not fcruple to indulge a was a random (lory. Hcfpcaks of the 42- 

cooilant reader with rcmaiks like thefe. n/mtf/bonos found thcic, which are in a 

Tours, &c. Viator, compleat I'tate of petiifaflion, which be 

' " fa>» h^vc a corrcfponding fimilarity 

Mr. Urban, ^an, 9. with thole defcnbcd by the Abbe Foriis 

WH£TH£R human bodiesorbcnes on the coall ot DaluAatu-, but\\t v\\\tvV^ 

hMwecw€r htcn found compUkt- there i» no inl\auct ut ^w^ \\\\\k« wxc^^t: 
G£y r. Ma g, JaMMitr/, ijgi, ** 1 ; . «^ 



a6 



PetrifaHlan of Human Budia. — Hcfiod Cooke; 



[Jan. 



thiniiiincruftation in any human bones. 

P. 694. Dr. Shaw faw the (keleton 
itt the Villa Ludovifia; but confiders it 
as an incrul^ation only, and as the only 
inftance of the kind. 

P. 952. Mr, Douglas wiflies to 
know, whether, within any given fpacc 
of time, a iimilar petrifaflion can be 
obtained 1 and thinks that " every fpe- 
cimen of a human bone hitheito diico- 
Tered, and pretended to be petriBed, is 
in effe£l either incrufted with fluor, fpar, 
calx of iron, vitriolic earth, or fomc 
other kind of indurated matter/' but he 
fays animal bones have been found 
changed to the hardeR agate. 

So much for my text; now for an il- 
luftraiion of it, in an account which I 
have received from a very relpc^table 
friend in the country. 

At Hatherfage, in Derbvfhire, a vil- 
lage on the ro.^d between Calileton and 
Sheffield, on May 3 », 1781, a grave was 
opened to mike room for another coffin. 
In this grave Mr, Benjamin Affiton had 
been inicrred on the 29111 of December, 
172^, agtd 42. His coffin was opened, 
whether from accident or curiofity X 
know not t when his body was difco- 
Tered, ** the whole mafs quite petrihed, 
Slot incrufted, but the whole f'ubllance 
changed to ftone. *'* The appearance 
induced the people to take it out of the 
ceffin ; in doing, which, the head was 
broken oS, and (hewed that the whole 
I'uhtUrtce was become a folid mafs. The 
likenefs remained fo llrong, that fome 
who knew him when alive remembertd 
his features perfe£^ly. His face and belly 
were fwarthy; the under parts, of a 
fomewhat diifercnt colour, it was re- 
placed in the coffin, and buried again. 
The coffin was made of oak plank, an 
inch and an half thick, was as found as 
when put into the ground, and w.»8 
without any appearance of petrifaction 
about It. 

There was a ftrong fpring of water in 
the grave, which had made its way into 
the coffin, but had made no change in 
that ; nor has it been othcrways known 
to polTefs a petrifying quality. S. H. 

ContfntiatioH of original AnfcdoHs of 
Hesiou Cooke, from l^oL LXl, 
p. 1185. Letter III, 

COOKE publiflicd, in 1742, a volume 
of his original poems, with inniati- 
ons and rranilations from fcveral ieie.^ 
paflages from the ancients; to wiiich 

^ The words of my correfpcaidGuZ. 



is added his propofal for perfecting the 
Baglifb langpagc. This was dedictted 
to mUiam lord TalhH. Though tht 
prologue and epilogue to FineUpi are 
here inferred, yet in a lift fubjoined, at 
it is called, of all his works, no men- 
tion is made of that hurlifqui-operm^ from 
whence, I am inclined to believe, Fof^ 
had been milinformed when be atthbuc* 
ed that piece to him. 

He undertook, in 1746, a new edition 
and tranflation of the comedies of PAus- 
tus by fubfcription, and, in 17541 he 
publifhed the hrft volume of that work, 
containing, a DilTertation on the Life 
and Writings of PlautuSf and a tranfla- 
tion of the comedy of Ampbitiyom. It 
is dedicated to Pbii/p earl of CbefierfieUif 
and prenxed to it is a lift of 713 fubfcri* 
bers, many of whom are ptrfons of the 
firft diftin^ion. When he publifhed his 
tranflation of He^ from the Grtek, in 
1728, he had only 174 fubfcribera; and 
that work was dedicated to Jobm duke 
of Argyle. It is obfervable, that when 
he quotes Homer In the notes to Htjiod^ 
he always gives PopeU tranflations. 

1 do not know of any conliderable 
progrefs he afterwards made in his pro* 
miled tranflation of Flautus^ but it is 
certain he received further fubfctiptiont 
towards it. 

' Befides his ftudies of this fort, be 
wrote occafional political pamphlets, and 
an Hymn to Liberty, which was publsfli- 
ed in 1746. Amb^ofe Philips ^ in a letter 
to Cooke, thus fpeaks of that ode. 

"Dear Sir, Jyn* ii, i746« 

^' On the 1 3th pad I received the favour of 
your packet, with a fpccimcn of Plautut, 
I like your Odet and the fpirit of liberty and 
learning diffiifed through it : in my opinion, 
however, it runs into a greater length than 
the verfe you have chnfeii can well bear, 
tlirough the too frequent return of tlic rhyme. 
'* 1 his is the third fummcr I hnvc propoCcd 
to vifit Lowiwr, but it will not do; when I 
can with prudence do it, I fliall not fail to 
vil It you. 1 am with great truth and atfcc- 
tion, your moil faithful humble fervant, 

" Ambrose Philips. 
** I am very well.'* 

He was alfo the author of the weekly 
journal, called, 7be Craftfmun, by Caleb 
Danverj, of Gray's, lun, e /quire, ^»r fc« 
vera! years together. Amberft had been 
before him the conduftor of that ccle- 
biatcd political paper; and, 1 believe, 
Cooke had firlt thediredlion of it a little 
while before the retreat of fir Robert 
Walpole from ad mini drat ion, in 17419 
againft whom be had twv^lo^cd his pea 
<m a vanciN oi otc^Uott^. '^^t "lotcvt.- 



1792.] 



Anscioiit tf Mr. Thomas Gx>ke, thi PhU 



a7 



thing wrinen too freely in that paper of 
the meafures of Government, he wat 
taken into cuflody in fpring 174S, in 
confcquence of a warrant from the duke 
of BidfarJ, then one of his majcfty's 

}>riocipal fecretaries of ftatc, and was 
everai wtcks under the care of Carrin^- 
t99, the meffenijer. CarrimgUn treated 
his pnfoncrwiih much civility, pcrmic- 
tiijg him to vifit his friends and family 
occaiionilly, but always attending him 
in fuch vifits. 1 myfeif remember to 
have feen them together at South Lam- 
httb. Duiii/g th'$ period he received 
fomc panicular aft of friendfliip from 
JaJrrw Stote, efq. then one of the un- 
dcr-recrctaries of Hate in the duke of 
Stv>t^0i**i office, which he never for- 
got. After a time he was admitted to 
biil ; but whether the offence was not of 
fu(fic!ent importance to call down the 
vengeance of Government, or he found 
means to reconcile himfelf to admini- 
firarion, 1 know not; but it is certain 
no profecuiion followed. 

In the Craftfmafiy Mr. Murphy pub- 
lifted the firft fifty numbers o\ the 
Crrnvs^lnm Jourmai^ beginn.ug on the 
xift of Oftober, 1752, and profcHing 
himfelf of 00 party whatever. But the 
fub(c(|ueut numbers were publiflicd fc- 
pariieiy, the author having dtclarcd he 
hid left Mr. Dan^jtrs^ and politicks. 
Whether C^okt continued to wiirc the 
CraJtfmAM till Mr. Murphy commenced 
his jnurnai, or he lelmquiflied it (oon 
after his being taken up, at above, is a 
^ueflfon i cannot now determine. 

in 1751, he printed an Odi on the 
Powers of Poetry, addreflcd to the duke 
of Dor/eti en Ode on Braulf, addrefled 
to Andrew Stome, tf([i ihe Trimi 0/ Her^ 
tmUsi anOdeonGlory^ Vtr'ue, and Plea" jier, on h« ct>ll'.i.'lion of fcrmo'ns, publilhed 



more ploafure : for 'tis not only well im:.* 
gincd and expre-ffed, but (hT>npr, welUboC* 
tomed fenfe; and iho«p,h Mr. Af.i'ruy de- 
fer ves your prailc belter than ."uiy man in 
Ktir^lanf, yet he is obliged to you. The 
thougtiu I h'lvc dcf' jncd far the publick are 
wrote over fair, atul are perfe(ft as far as thejr 
arc carried ; if 1 die before they are finifhed, 
I h;ivc left ihein t("> you n«i a Icijacy ; many of 
the pjfts are entire!;.' new ; tU cn'ej/t cf evL 
accuuiucd for, aid a demoiiftration tliat the 
worlil could not be better made, even by 
omni|)oteuce iti'elf I Ihould be glad to fee 
you. Your atfcclionate humble fcrvant, 

•* James Pitt.** 

Cooke died before Mr. Pttt\ and, I 
believe, the publick has never heard of 
the woik fpoken of in the aforefaid 
letter. 

Living fo near the Spring- gardens at 
f^JUX'hal/^ and bcin^ inrimate with the 
proprietor of them, Jonathan TjerSf efq. 
he wrote fcvcral fongs for that p!:ice of 
public amufcdicnr; ainoni; firher^, B/o'Wp 
ye btrak itifidj. arcund my bead, ice. He 
wrote aif> the dialogue and fo^igsin ^srr. 
Uquia Sorcerer^ for Mr. Rtcb, The iA" 
lo'.vine piRoral dialogue, fet by Arne^ 
was of his writing, and was, I believe, 
firft introduced in that entertainment: 

" Caft, my love, tl.ine eyes around. 

See the f|K)r£ive Umbkms play; 
Nature now ndorns tbt* ground, 
All ill lionoui of the May ! 

Like the fparrow and the dove, 
Lilten to the voice of love," &c» 

Among the co'leftion of letters, pub- 
lifhcd b) Dr. Hoiuard (as mentioned in 
my lali litter), are the following pocti* 
cal pieces, written by Cooke: 

" To the memory of Matthtiu Ccwamnp 
efq. Lite attorney-general of 'fimuica\ to the 
right rev. ncni..v:.''iy lonl biihop of JVincbe" 



[ure\ an OJeon Martial Piriite, infcribed 
ro fir John li^onier, knight of the Batb^ 
afterwards lord vifcount Ltgonier\ am 
Ode on Benevolence^ to Stephen Becking" 
inuMf elq; and, in 1755, an Ode on the 
Powers of Elofuence^ ml'cribed to the 
hon. Wilitam Murray, now earl of 
J^anijield, of which a iccond edition was 
pinted in 1756, a little while before 
6W/f<f'5death. To all ihcfc odcs were 
prefixed Dijferiations^ containing Obfer^ 
vaiions on 'lafie\ and the prejent State of 
Poetry in England, They were well re- 
ceived by the publick. Of the hd his 
friend, Mr. Jasnes Pitt (wno had been 
a political writer), thus fpeiks, in a let- 
ter to him, dated January 24, X7S5- 

" 1 have read oyer the Pcvferi ef Eloquence 
two or tunc wn9h ^^ ^r^/ time mci> 



in the yc.ir 17^4; an CJe to mailer Stofie 
(fon of .'Jmirr:v '>tow, efq.), not a day old ; 
to tlie memory of the right hon. Hiwy Vel" 
bam clq , to l!)e n^ht [loii. Jobm earl of IVe/^ 
moieljnj, on his return ftom France, in ihe 
ye;ir ffi; a poem on the death of Edward 
Dani^j>»Mt efq. of J'^aux'bjl, Jnly 19, 1755; 
an Ode t«) the right lion, fir Jo'n Ligpnicr, oc- 
crfioncU hy the levcral accoaius in the public 
papers of his deal! 1; andchcZV^y^t/rW/^ — 0! all 
the ivorks of Cod, hlcfijie^* iic. 

1 Ihali tranfcriDc two of thofe pieces, 
as they are fliort, and but little known. 

*' To the memory of Matthew Concanen, efq. 
Friendfhip began in unexperienc'd youths 
In honour founded, and fecur'd by truth, 
]|i diflani climes, and variou't foi tunes try*d, 
Not death, the grand dellroyer, can divide; 
Ti-uctothy Iwiieft (;\mc, N«\\\c\\\ot\^^iJ*\\\\^^ 
This iaft iiiit ihliuieio \:tvi v^Q'cVtv V ^\n«. 



>i 



Jntahtti tf Mr, Thomas Cooke, tbe P$H. 



[J«n. 



<< A tmmour ptetfin^y and a wit refia'd. 
Knowledge and judgement clear enrkh'd 

your mind : 
In yon to full pci fe^ion met the pow'rs, 
Which fweoteu and adorn the focial hours; 
In fency's flow'ry gaidcns when you ftray'd. 
If you invokM the mufe, (lie gave her aids 
H^w covetous, nor negligent, of fome, 
'You've gaia'd a £air, deferv*d a lading name." 

'< To tlie memory of the right honourable 
Htary Pelbam. 

When death, at random, throws his ebon 
dart, 



mediately next that in which tbe late 
Dr. Dttcarei rcGded, and nearer i^aux* 
ball. Here the heads of party agaioft 
fir Robert WalpoU^ fometimes vifited hinnp 
as fir William Wyntibam^ Mr. FuUMtf^ 
&c. On fir William Wynt&anCs deaths 
Cooke wrote an ode, which he addrcfied 
to Mr. PuUiney, In ail his letters to bit 
friends^ he fpoke of his retirement to 
this village, and of his boufe and gar- 
dens there (as Coivley had done before 
liim, of his retirement to Cberifiy), in 



He wountls a friend's, perhaps a lover's heart ; f manner that would lead a ftrangcr to 

believe they were confiderable and ele- 
gant. Cooke* s houfe and garden were 
imall and inHgnificaot. Co*wUy*i houfe 
at Cbtrtjey is Hill Aandingt having my- 
felf had a feat in that parifh ever fince 
the year 1758, 1 muA be well acquaint- 
ed with it. it was formerly called the 



This day, unweep'd, a flothful prelate fell, 
Tl:o mitre fits :iiiOther*$ brow as well. 
Commons and nobles, undiflinguilh'd, fall, 
Afvd, nnconcem'd, their heirs fucceed them 
But when i\wfury lays a Velbttm low, fall; 
A nation weeps, a nation feels the blow!" 

The compliment paid to the memory 



of Mr. Ftlbam in the above vtrfes, was ^9rr^- houfe; but the prefent owneir, 

as well deferved, as it is elegant. Ricbard Clark^ efq. alderman of LoaJoa, 

Among Dr. Howard's letters are alfo a few years ago, caufed the porch to be 

printed, letters addrefled to Cooke, from pulled down, which projected over tb^ 



archbiftiopATtf^tf; Gibfon, bifliopof ^o«- 
don\ Mr. Tbiobaldf Mr. Mottley, Mr. 
Weyiidy Mr. Wbifion, fir Robtri Henley, 
baronet; Amlhonf Henley t cf<I* Ambroje 
Fbilifs, Dr. Baker^ of St. Jobm'e-eolUge, 
Camhrie/gei Uvgb, bilhop of Wortefier \ 
Dr. tfenvcome^ dean of RocbeJIer, and 
mailer of St. Joba's^coUege, Cambrid/^ii 
James Piti, e^. Dr. Sykes, the rev. Mr. 
WtlUr, Dr. Riebard Ne'wton, principal 
of Her (ford college; the rev. Mr. Cre/- 



(Ircet; the houfe is now in a very rui- 
nous (late, and has not been inliabited 
for many years, but it never could have 
been a good one. In Co*wley*s time therjB 
were itiveral duck-ponds, and the gar- 
den muft have been often overflowed 
from a fmall river immediately next it, 
which runt from Wtndjor great park» 
and difembogues itfelf into the Tbamiit 
at Cberifey. Mr. Clark filled up cbp 
ponds, and has raifed the furfacc of the 



feldf of tdagdedin-college, Oxford^ Slq, garden in fuch manner as to prevent fii- 

&c. which Ihew he was well rcfpef^ed. ture inundation. 

I believe there were more odes written A year or two before Cake's death, 

hy him, a few years before his death, Mr. EJnvard Moore, author of fables 

than I have enumerated ; as well as ma- for tbe Femede fex, the Foundlimg^ thf 

ny other poetical pieces. I (hall be glad, Gamefier, and other dramatic works, of 



if it ibould be worth while, at a future 
period, for fome pcrfon to print a new 
edition of all his poetical works. The 
traeedy I have in manufcript of his 
anting, called Germauicus, was finiihed 
a fliort time before his death, and offer- 

■ed to Oarrieky but was not then accepted 
by him. I know this from Gar rick's 
letter in my pcifeirion. 

I have lately difcovered from his com- 
moH'place-bookf that he firft came to 
London in March 1722, then aged about 
iq. Fiom an examination of the poor's 
rates of Lambeib p^r'ilti, I find he lived 
there from 1740, to the time of his death 

' in December 1756. He might probably 
bave lived in that parifh from 1736, as 
the books of the poor's-ratcs from that 
time to 1740, which would have cleared 

t/p thai doubt, are wAOtiag. The houfe 
-M^ Jjvtd in at Sffutb Lambtib was im« 



whom i have fpoken in a former ietter, 
occupied an houfe alfo at Soulb Lambft^^ 
four or five doors from Cooke* 5% it is no^ 
the property of Mr. Grab^m. They 
both met at the club I have before men- 
tiout'd ; and they lived on friendly urtsi 
with each other, though their manners 
and habits were vcrjTdifiimilar. 

Cooke lived freely without much eser« 
cife, and therefore, before \ic died, gre^r 
corpulent. Previous to bis lafl illnefs, he 
had been once or twict* moch indifpofed. 
Some time in Dec. 1756, having heard 
he had been federal days very ill, and 
knowing^ from recent applications to me« 
that his family mull w«iit pecuniary af« 
fifiance, 1 wiote a letter to his wife, it* 
doling a few guineas, and in a day oc 
two called upon a neighbouring gentle- 
man, and 9icva\U<i vn^on him to go witji 
mc to cnt^uiic ahti Viu VitiiVvV, ^t n* ax 



v\.\ 



then coo ill to be (eeo. And, at we were to the pleafures of the tawn, for rnucli 
tdd, in a fever. We left feven or eight the |;reater part of a centurj, but bat 
goineas wk6 Mrs. Co§h, deftring no- him/etf felt for, and relievedy the mis* 
diing might be omitted that might be fortunes of others, 
{bought neceflary for his rcfioration to Mr. Macklin, it is probable, might 
health. We called again in a few days; have known my name, becaufe I had 
but he was then in a fituatton which ba« attended, during the greater part of one 
aiibed hope, and he died in a day or two winter, when I was about at years of 
afterwards. We immediately began a age, the Ro6im Hood fociety for aifpuu- 
privare fubfcriptioo among our friends^ tion near Temple bar^ and had oftea 
ID pay the expence of his funeral, and taken a (hare in the debates there. At 
10 aHift his wife^ who had been long io this fociety Mr. Foote, fir Francis Blah 
an ill flate of health, and his only Dfiaval and his brothers, Mr. Mackiia, 
daughrer. thrn about 26 years of age. Mr. Iracty^ Mr. Georgi Alixander Stee-* 
With this fubfcription we buried him, 'Vinj, Mr. H'oodnvani, and many fa(ht- 
paid fome arrears of rent, and all fuch onable and literary men of the times, 
as became due on the quarter-day after ufually appeared, and often fpoke. Mr. 
Mrs. Qoi^'j death ; maintained his wife Marklin himfetf alfo, for a Ihort time 
till flie died,, two or three months after* afterwards, held a room for difputatioft 
wards I buried her, and gave the re- in Hartflrut, ntzr Coveat'gardin p\9Lj» 
mains of fuch fubfcription, originally houf'e, where I had t>een two or three 
DOC a very fmall one, to his daughter; times. The prefideot of the Robim 
who, poflefTed of the money ariling from Hood fociety was Mr. Caleb JeacoeUp 
ihe fale of fome furniture and books, faid to have been a balder in St. Giles's^ 
immediately left the neighbourhood, who conduced himfelf in that fituatiom 
yhh intention, as we underftood, to put with a degree of propriety, temper, and 
berfeif in a way of getting her own good fenle, very rarely exceeded im 
bread, under the patronage of fome re* higher and more refpe^.^ble aflembhes* 
lations of her own, of whom we knew Cookg and Moon had often proposed to 
fiothipg. themfelves, and to me, confideraUe 

Wbilfl Cooh yet lay dead in the houfe, pieafure in attending me at the next afr 
I related to a friend at the Bedford cof- iizes for Surrey, of which county it was 
iee-houfe an account of his death, and known I was to be flieriff in Fibrmmrp 
the diftreifes of his family, in the hear- i7S7* Befofe fuch aifiae meeting m 
ingof Mr Macilin, then Handing near Ma-cb, I had, aias! to regret the deatb 
the bnr. Though I had never fpoken of both my neighbours and friends $ 
to that gentleman before (nor have at Cooke being buried on the xO of JamU' 
^oy time iince), he immediately after- ary in thi^t year, and Moort on the 5tb 
wards addrefled me in words to the foU of March following! Mrs. Cooki was 
lowing puipoit: '* I am much concern- buried on the 24th of the fame March. 
e;)y fir, at hearing the melancholy ac- They were all interred in the new bury* 
count you have given of poor Cooke and ing ground belonging to Lambeth parifli, 
his family; I had a refpe6t for him near the High-ftreet; but as neither 
whiljl living, and you will therefore monument, nor l^onc of any fort, was 
oblige me very much if you will permit ever cre^ed for either, it is not, 1 be* 
me to add my mite to the fubfcription lieve, now known whereabouts, 
vou have fo laudably fet on foot;" and Cookr'j daughter, whofe name was 
be gave me t^vo guineas t Such an un- EiiKabetbf after her removal from South 
expedcd a6l of genuine benevolfoce has Lambeth, applied to me three or four 
bver iince imprepTed my mind with a ve* times, and received pecuniary afiiftancei 
TJ favourable opinion of the goodnefs bur, as 1 had heard of her having formed 
of Mr. Jj^cilin'e heart ^ and i^heneycr dilgraceful connexions, and of her liv* 
% bare beard his pame mentioned inpri* ing with a proflijgate and low man with- 
vaie companies, 1 have generally relat- out bemg married ; I remonftrated, in 
ed it,' to his honour. At a time when terms of fome feverity, againll herman^ 
that gentleman's great age (92), and his ner of lite, and (he never applied to mo 
wanes, claiin the commiferation of the afterwards. It was not till a ) ear or two 

puDlic'k, I mention this anecdote with after her death, that X underltood that 
pieafure, believing it may awaken the fte ^vas admitted, in a (Idte of pregnaa* 
feelings of men for age and indigence, ey and didtafe, into Lam6(tbvN0tV.VvQ\x^^ 

in the ' CM fe of oncg who act pnly has where Ibc Av^ i& ihe iLU\:g^akU qI v^ 

fpairibufcd, bf bit writings stD4BC\w£f JMr 175!. 



s» 



Jnteitttt tf Mu Thomas Cooke, ibi P$tt. 



[Jaiu 



Mr. Edward Murgf who was coufio 
german to FulUr^ the banker (partner 
wirh HoKiywoodJt was the fon of a dif- 
lenting tninifter ac AbiHgdoH, in B^r/^- 
^/V#, where his brother was aifo &fter« 
wards a dilFenting ininilier. He told 
roe he had been in Ireland on fome 
fcheme of buHnefs, for which he ,was 
originaPv brcd^ I believe, in iht linen 
trade. That lie had been fnga^^ed in 
bufincrs, will appear from the following 
fi'^RZ.i in his Ode to Gar rick ^ on tbi talk 
«/* ibi to*wn, on his marriaf^e : 

** And then there's Bdmotst to He fure— 
O! hoi my gentle L\cJJy V.c'.rcf 

How does my gcod lurd ma/or ? 
An«l have you left. ''VIv.j '-//J.', my dc ir ? 
Aiul will ycu write a.',:i;rj ntxt year 

To ihew y<'ur fav'ii:e pl.iyci" ?'* 

His poetical wurks have rlliMinud 
his name for genius, th'^u^h. tiicy did 
not procure hiin much forrun-j, nor p.i- 
Kroos to place him In a Aarc of indepen< 
dcncy. There is an cafy tic^ancc in 
bis coinpofirions, which render tiicn: as 
plealing as any in the Eo^.Iifh lan^ua^e. 
He was u well-bred, aniiabic man, and 
a chearfiil, witty, and entertaining, 
coiTipanion. Abojt three year^ bcft.ic 
his death he married ^l\i^ June Humil' 
i»M (whofe father had a place in the pa- 
iau at St. Jamis*jJ, a bcauriful and ac- 
CoiDplilhcd woman; and by her he had 



general knowledge and anecdote^ with- 
out being in reality i!l*natured, that it 
was impollible for fuch ai knew hia' 
thoroughly to avoid being pfeafed. 

He w-ts, however, not unfiequentlf 
di£latorial and alTumine. which often dif- 
guAed flrangers, and made him feared by 
many. Moore, H. Hat/ell, Dr. Ho^wa'd^ 
and many other lively companions, were 
viiibly retrained by Cooke, who excelled 
them in learning, and whofe fpirits ge- 
nerally induced him to take the lead ia 
company, at times, with infinite hu* 
mour. At the fame time, it muft be aU 
lowed, few exceeded them in fprightli- 
Dcfs and wit;y convcrfation. 

The fiecdom of his converfation led 
him fometimes intontuaci'>nsunpiearaDC, 
I remember his nllinfr me the following 
account of him lei f. He w^s at dinner at a 
friend'tt h<»iiie with tea or a dozen other 
gentlemen, wheo one of the company 
drank the hr<*ltli of Mr, — , (I will fup- 
poft Jobit a Njkfj). Cooker immediately 

enquiicdof ihe gentleman himfc'If, if that 
was his name? and, beit«g aDTwered in 
the adirmative, he Liid, ** I once knew 
a colonel of the guards of your namc^ 
wliu was the ^vc^tt^Jriifble and coward 
in narure; he would have fainted away 
on feeing a piece of road beef, and he 

wab" th-j centlcman flopped him, 

by laying, ** Tlut folontl, fir, was my 



an only fon, of his own chriAian name, father ^ 1 have heard him fpcak very re* 
Mrs. Moore, after his death, obtained 
an appointment under the queen at St. 
Jamei*s, and is hill living, much re* 
ipc6led by a numerous and genteel ac- 
quaintance. To the honour of the late 
carl of Lbeflerfield I ought to mention. 



fpc6lfuliy of j'c;/." So mild and pro- 
per a rebuke, from the mouth of a well- 
bred and fenlible man, Cooki faid» 
diitreilcd him exceedingly. 

If hib manners were blunt, and fome- 
times coarfc, his pen was generally em* 
that that nobleman (who was one of tho. ployed in recommending the caufe of 



gieateft encouragers of learning and ge- 
nius of any man of his time) took upon 
llimfelf the care and expence of young 
Moon's education, which, I believe, he 
defrayed till the latter's deaths before 
\kt grew to manhood. 

Cooki began the world with little for- 



virtuej and, in every htuation, all his 
life long, he had a warm attachment. to 
civil and religious liberty. If he had 
lived CO this time, he would have re* 
joiced extremely at the recent revolution 
in France i a revolution, unequalled in 
the hiftory of the world ! which has de- 



tune; and he was early thrown upon the Aroyed defpotifm, fuperflition, prieft* 



town, with Ilrong pallions, which, it is 
fuppofed, he giatihed very fiecly, in 
the early part of his life ; he moie than 
hints this in his epidle to the aichbifhop 
of CoHterburj, ot which I (hall fpeak 
hereafter. He was^ when 1 knew him, 
regular and fober^ though convivial, 
^'o one enjoyed the pleafures of the ta- 
ble more than he, nor was more enter- 
tiiningat it. Though hefpoke with much 
freedom of men and things, and we did 



craft, bigotry, and perfecution I which 
has given libeity to twency-fiv.e mitlions 
of people, a free reprelenration, and a 
rijght to be confulted about the difpofiiion 
of their own money I and all this has 
been obtained without a tithe of the 
bloodihed, which the revolution of Eng'- 
/tf.v</ occasioned in the lad century ? 

U, in accomptilhin^ thefe objc£IS| 
they have gone further, by the facrifice 
of a third edate, th^n we, as Engtifltmen^ 



^ot ahvay s think his dri£iure$ of either approve (who love a limited monarchy, 
»r'cJJ founded, tic k^d jfuch % fund of wiiho\it Uww^ 3^^^ oV>\<t^vwK vo xW d\- 



1 792.3 RefiitlUns en tht latt RivotutUn in France. gf 

flioAHiD of ranks:), let it be confidered, the clergy has a£lually bettered the (itu« 
that the nobles of Frame, inOead of being ation of the laborious part of them, and 
1 body, at in EmglanJf of about 200» has aboliHied/i/^/i (the baneful checque 
were computed at about 200,000*, all to agriculture and improvement), who' 
claiming exclufive privileges! Tyranny will (ay, much good has not anien from 
in France was interwoven with their the revolution ? Tithes in this country 
conOituttnn, and exited, through all would not have exifled to the prefenc 
rnnks, from the king to the cunflablel enlightened period, if a great (hare of 
hence arofe the necelTity of an entirely them had not been the property of Iay« 
new conftitvtion. If they have reduced men! As a tithe-owner, i (hall gladly 
ttie royal authority too low, we (hould give theih up, whenever a plan 
reflet, that the glorious members of can be fettled for their commutation, 
the National AiTcmbly who formed it The clergy will not be fufierers, if, in- 
(feveral of whom were peers of the fiead of the contentious eflate they no\T 
re^lro, and bilhops) had reafon to po(rers (which naturally weakens the 
doubt the (incerity of the royal profef- cf[e&. cf their exertions amon^ their 
lions, and it therefore became nece(rary flock), they (hall have ao enabli(hmcnr, 
to deprive him of the means of effe£^mg equally pr€K]u6livc in point of inconie! 
a counter-revolution. If the king be, Indcad of being influenced by perfo- 
at length, (incere in his acceptance of nal ambition, the late National Aflem* 
the conltitution he has fworn te main- biy (unlike the Long Parliament of i;>^7 
tain, he will give hii people an unequi- land \n the lad century), after fettling 
▼ocal proof of fuch fmccrity, by conti- the conflitution on a bafis, which, they 
Buing at Paris, whilfl the public mind thought, would fccure the liberty and 
is filled with apprchenflons. If he bappinefs of their couotry, relinquifhed 
(bould attempt to leave them, with the all di6tin6Vion and povcr, and have fall- 
view of putting himfelf at the head of en into the rank of common citiztns! 
an army, or of lending his ndroe, and ThTs Tingle a£^ (hews, moft clearly, that 
aflording his fanftion to others to make the majority were virtuous men ! 
war upon his people, fuch condu£l will li Miraieau, whom it has been the 
juflify reflraint; for they mud be pitiful falfaion to abut'e, w<is in reality a profli- 
politicians indeed, who, in fuch a cafe, gate private character, pofleriiy will for- 
would facrihce the bappinefs of millions get his vices, in the contemplation of 
to a delicacy for any individual ! the public virtues of one, wiiofe genius. 

If, as it ought, a king*s happinefs de« and whofe eloquence, had lb conl'idera- 
pends principally on (eeing his people blc a (}iiie in piunioiing the iiappincis 
happy, a ^M^ king will not much regret of man ! 

thebeingdeprivedof the means of duiug In advancing thefe fcntiments, I know 

mifcb'af. With a million fterling allow- how cnoch I difagree with fi»mc worthy 

ance for his civil lid yearly, he has Hill and refpc^l^ibJc men of my own ac- 

the power of doing much good, and of quaintancc', and they rn^iy poiiibly be 

enjoying every domedic felicity. unpopulai j but, ioflucnced alone by 

Jf it (h(»uld be found that they have primiplti which have tauijht me ro np- 

not left him power enough for their own prove the nfcrmationy and revtrc the 

happinefs, the rtnjifion of the conditu* rcvQluilon of the lal!^ ceniuiy in my own 

tioQ, which is wifely fettled to take place country, 1 choofe iIkhc my feeble pen 

ai the end of every tenth vear, will pin, fliall pub!icly avowihtni, atatimewhen 

b'abiy five hnn more, when ex|>encnce men of the tiill talcnrs h.jvc, to my 

has proved the neceliicy ot fuch increaie, .g*eat adoiiilliiiiciu, v ilifud and traduced 

and when more fettled times (hall evince thofe principiis, by 'tracking tiie Frtn-.h 

that fuch powers may be given without revolution! Our rei'clunc>n, and an:c- 

danger. cedent /ejcrmjt.an, can only be juilined 

If ibe lazf monk bas loft bis celly and on princij.»lcs whiuijuMify that of tratia! 

cdablilhments for promoting cclibnCy m The Funch revolution will probaolv 

either (ex are no longer permitted to prevent wjisof ansbiiion! U the in- 

counteract the fird law of Gud and na- habitanib of cvcrv cuunrrv weie to wcivh 

ture, fuch an event fliouid excite our the advantages got by any war, agaiult 

admiration and applaufe! If a more the certain. evi:s which attend it, they 

equal didribution of emolument among would feduloufly avoid qu.irrcls, which 

' i for the moll part end only in an accu- 

♦ Seo» feaftbie pamphlet by Mr, Afutin" muiarion of debt and uxt\\ TVvt French 
^, ia uetcace of the J-rr^a fcvolutioa. rgvolutm will certainly pitN tu\. iitv^ Vvx- 



Refitaians «H the lau Rrvilutian In Prance. 



[Jan. 



tore king of theirf, or any king's my own country depends fo much on 

mifirefty Trom plunging their country the eftablifliment of freedom in FrAma^ 

ioto certain calamities, from caprice, or that every mate ihould wi(h fucceft to 

perfonal motires \ It is a rrvolution the French revolution. If it had hap* 



vrhich has permitted every man, of 
every fed^ to ferve God in the way his 
confcience leads him to believe is mod 
acceptable to his Maker ! A nnfolution 
which allows every man to ferve his 
country, without profcribing any on ac- 
count of their religious opinions! A 
rruolutton which has precluded the exer- 
cife of arbitrary impnfonmenti which 
has aboliflied the torturt in criminal pro- 
ceedings! has given an Habeas Ctrpust 
A ri*uoluti9n which has eftablifhed the 
trial by jury I and» above all, zfreeprefs! 
Whilft the latter fliall exift in any coun- 



pened a century fooner, we ihould cer- 
tainly have avoided the greater part of 
the immenfe debt under which our own 
country labours. 

I confefs, Mr. Urbane that I feels 
degree of animation and pleafure, whilft 
I dwell on an event fo important and 
unexpe£^ed} but, let'V that ftould carry 
me beyond the bounds you ufuatly al- 
low your correfpondentSf I (hall finilh 
this letter, after I have told you, that 
my next will conclude the hiftory of 
Cooke. Joseph Mawbey. 

P. S. If the Emperor fliould labour to 



fry, it will keep alive x\i^ facred flame ef introduce a counter-revolution, may we 
libirty^ and will fpread general know- not hope for a fpeedy emancipation of 



ledge and philanthropy ! Igiioramce a- 
lone is the parent nf bigotry, fuperfli- 
tion, and defpotifm I For (in tbe lan- 
guage of the virtuous La Fayette) a na- 
tion /» LOVE liberty, it is fufficient that 
jjbi KNOWS it\ and to be free, it is 
fujfcient that fie wills it i The threats 
of a king of Sivedeu, who has over- 
turned the conftitution of his own coun- 
try, or of the emprefs of Rnjfia^ hove 
defpotic foevcr (he may be, will not ter- 
lify xYitfrei fpif^t of a great and en- 
lightened people ! They will be rcfi fl- 
ed with effe£i; and it does not require 
the gift of prophecy to fore fee, tlut 
defpotifm, bigotry, and the inqutfltien 
(which, under the pretence of laving 
men's fouls, actually dellioys their ^0- 
diesJfVnuH be, ere long, annihilated in 
Spain, and in Portugal t The preva- 
lence of reafon, of truth, and of know- 
ledge in Franee, muft illuifiioate all 
•round, and will certainly produce civil 
and religious liberty in all thofe coun- 
tries of Europe where they are at prefent 
lead underftood! 

If this revolution, like every other, 
has for a time raifed the populace beyond 
their proper level (without whom no 
revolution can ever be effcfVed), and li- 
centioufnefs has occafionally taken 
place, let the man, if any fuch there be, 
who prefers the former Oate of \Yifi French 
nation to the prefent, confider, that even 
ewarcby mufl at length give way to go- 
vernment and order} whereas defpotifm 



his own fubjefls from defpotifm } 

Mr. UtBAN, Jemumry T. 

I SHOULD be obliged to^ome of your 
numerous and learned correfpondentt 
to give a fatisfa£^ory anfwer to the foU 
lowing queftion ; 

Can any clergyman confcientioufly, or 
even without perjury, accept of a beneBcc^ 
procured by means of money ^ 

Grounds of this qucttion. 
Erery clergyman, before he can be 
admitted to the benefice, ukes the oath 
of fimony -, to which the title and pre* 
amhte are as follows : 



«i 



An oath againd (imony at inflitu- 
tion into benefices." 

" To avoid the detefiabU (in of fimony, 
becaufe huving and Idling of fpiritual 
and ecclefiadical tun£tion^, piumotions, 
dignities, and livings, is execrable before 
God, therefore,** &c. 

Clereymen who take this oath, do 
fome of them do it with the eHVontery 
of Atheiils, conniventibus^ pro puder i 
cpifcopis I for moft beneficed clergymen's 
livings are bought. I have know^n a 
clergyman, who lived in the Templet 
and got a good livelihood by brokerage in 
livings i and our co4i(c)eniious attorneys 
txcei in thi^ Ipccics of bulinefs, th^ law 
and morality of it being a matter of their 
utter contempt. It is fiid, that a num 
may buy the patronage of a benefice be- 
fore a voidance, tor the turn, and tOi 
himfclf prefenicd legally. He may do fo, 
binds ibe fiee- born mind in chains'of but at his ordination he fubjcfts himfelt 
degrading vafTalage, perhaps for ever I to another law, viz. die canon, and pro- 
Asan EnglifbmaH, I rejoice at all feflcd to make it the guide of his clerical 
times, when liberty, that firft of blef- condu6t : which canon law declares buy- 
fings, takes place of arbitrary govern- >ng *o<* felling of benefices to be a dctaf- 
tijgnc/ Mad, X think, the happiAcfi of ^^^ f^Oi <iAd to prevcat ic itquiies of 
a VkVBX 



I )920 P^^^tafed Benefices ? — Paper in the Frcehol Jer recommended, 33 

tf very caodid ate for a Itencfice an oatli, of cventv uh'cli led to ir, rl.e lt:iMt-/!> re- 
as Oroni?, and at pUip, and dirc£l, a« minded liim of a P^tp-r in Mr. Ad.lifon't 
human diill could frame, that he ha« not FreeiioMcr, on a puoiic thankfgiving in 
committed that (in, dire^lly, orindire6)ly. the year 1715. H;id this excellent Pjper, 
Now in cafe of bu\ing the next avoidance N"* 49, occuned to Mr. Urban at th: f^- 
(although more livings a:e bou^^ht after riod alluded to, I liave nod"ul>c he would 
avoidaQCe than before, even the grodeft gladly hive adorned his ivcik with the 
perjury being fet at nought) at the full entire cday, as in = ny of the fircQ re- 
value of the ufufruft of the l)encficc, has flexions in it arc cxtieinrjy applicable to 
he or has he not bought the ufufru^, and tlutmeinori«l)ie day of nati aal devotion* 
core of fouUy with ihe prcfentation } As And evrn now you will p;olial>!y r^iilige 
to the latter, contlituiing the right of pa- 
tronage, its value may be faiily LHiinnccd 
by what a m<tn would give for ihc <HCied 
and tremendous trult of appointir-.g :he 
Ter^' bed man he could find in the woild 



many ot ycur readers by rcconm':n<l:ng 
to thcit notice a paper, wliicli, apr^e^noi^ 
in rha- alFenibiagc of pf>litical e/FiVs, is 
Icfs known than many oihcr proiiu'^icnt 
ot tiic fame dciii;litfij| autlMr. b'.it vvi;;<h, 
to tjike care of the fouU and i>rKiie« of whenever it it; rtad, ta<le and pietv u iJi 



a whole pari(h ; for that is the oflice of a aiways admire. 

patron, and that only. But, accoiding to 

the prcfcnt pra£^ice, the patron le'K ti.e 

parilh to the highef^ hidder ; he felK tlie 

tvrhes, which, bv the very conflitini-»n 

of the Englifli church, and even bv the 



SnhJIanre of a Ccn vrrjatwn bet-wet ft Df, 
A tiMSTRO^Gan^Mr. U'ji.kes//? lyj. 

ON VV.c'i.rfdax April 7. i;;,. Dr. 
AiiiiOKinif called on Mr. U''i'kcs 



law of the land, arc appropriated Jrtfiy in Piif.ccSCouit, al;ou: two in the a\\zx^ 
t^ the fcrvice of Gi5<l ; and the bifhop is noon, and, without the jtaA ccrciiiuniai 
made the (talking horfe to thii diabolical or comp imcn:, began : 



traffic. Can anything, Mr. Uiban, be 
woile than all thir ? 

People ate apt to fay, that fimonv is 
what the law makes ir. Thii would 
hold, if the clergy were fuhjcv^ only 10 
the common and (iatute law. But they 
arc members of a chuiTch which makes 
them declare and acknowledge, iha* bay- 
ing and felling of livm;>s is execrable 
before God, and (wear, that they l.avt 
DOC in getting their benefice committed 
this detcTlablc tin. Simony, according to 
the common law, \% piccifdy dehntii in 
this preamble : Uikil in ecclefid emaiur 
Vil 'Dendatufy depuljd ommi bcnfi Jimo^ 
macdf 1 remember to have read tt lonte- 
where in the MonaOicon of Dugdale. 

Let this abule be well confldeted, and 
let the (crious reader compare it w:ih the 
dcfcrtp:ion given of (he chuich by an 
apolUe*-" Chrift loved the church, and 
gave himfelf for it, that he might fanc- 



ier. Armftromg. Did yu, St, write 
the Letters in liic Public Aciveiti.cr? 

Mr. H^t:kfs, What Lci-.tr* lio \o\i 
mean, Dodtoi ? There are many Ltfert 
almoft every day in the Public Auver* 
tifer ? 

Dr, A. Sir, f mean the three Leittrs 
about me, and Day, Da}. Sir. 

Mr. IV, You may afk the printer, Mr. 
Woodtail. IJe has my nidci;^ to n;kiiie 
ine, whenever he thinks it proper, a^ the 
author of cvciy thing I wii;e in his 
paper. 

Dr» A. I believe you wrote all tliofc 
Le:ters. . 

Mr. /T. What all three, Doctor ? I am 
very roughly treated in one ol them, ia 
the finl figned Dies. 

Dr. A. I bchcve you wrote that oft 
purpofc to begin the coniiovcrfy, i am 
aimufl fure of it. 

Mf\ IV. I hope you arc more truly in- 



tify and cleanfe it wiiii the Wiftiiiig of 'foiined in orhcr tl.ir^s. 1 kuuw better 
water by the word, that he might pre- than to aLjfc mvfLlf in that munner, and 
feat it to himfelf a ftlorhm church, not 1 pity the au.l.c ;• I'f fucli vvrctclKd tJulf. 
having (pot or wrinkle or any fuch thinj;, Dr, A. D'A yeu write the cihtr Let- 
but that It Ibouid be hoiy a.;C vv:::u:u: tcis, S:r? 

blcmifls." Sr. Paul. R- S. Mr, U\ Tie proper peifon to enquire 

•♦* P.32.co!.2.l. «j:j,for"nft,"r. "get." *>f. is Mr. VVoocifdh. 1 wilj not a/i/wir 

Ibid. 1. 58^for •• proWted," r. " profelfes." in f err crater if!. M y time wot Id p'n in 1 1\ 



Mr. Urban, yatt. rj. 

TALKING Tome time ago uiih a 
fr.rrd t.'rtAvh*t no Englishman can 
ever tortct, 'I'he Proccllign to Sr. PauVs, 
lad thr p/ovhicnnul event or r^flicr i'eritt 
Cm for. SiuAO, jaauarjf, i^ya. 



a Ihange :: anncr, it I \\%% 10 '•n:vver 
every quel'lun, wiiieh any j^cntlcmaa 
chofc tu put to nie «bout anoi yiiious 
Leticr**. 

Ur^ A. Whurvtr \\a<j aV?td ;Tift. ^w» 
i* '4, viiiair. i a.-.; yt^ut wii0.c;\Vj\fcv'-, t. i,*-^ 



34 ConvirfatioH htwun Dr. Armftrong anJ Mr* WitVes. (Jan« 

fet Scotland and England together are did it with btcternefs: but it was aif 

very bad. country. 

Mr, IT. The Scots have done that Mr, W. No man has abufed England fo 

thoroughi|^, Do6^or, by their condu£^ much as Shakcfpear, or France \o muclt 

here, particularly by Uicir own nations- as Voltaire j yet they remain tlie favour- 

litVy and the ouciages of Lord Bute to ites of two great nation', confcious of 

lb many Englifii tamilies. Whenever their oun fui^erioricy. Were you, Doc* 

you think proper to call upon me in ror, atucked by me in any one inftancc f 

particular as a gentleman, . you will tind Was not the mofl friendly correfpondeoca 

me mod ready to anfwer the call. carried on with you the w1k>1c time, till 

Dr. A. D— n Lord Bute! it had been you broke it olF by a Letter in B763; is 

better for Scotland he had never been which you declared to me, that you could 

born. He has done ari inBnite mifchief. not with honour alfoctate with ona who 

Mr,W. Amd us too; but I fuppofe had diflinguifltcd himfelf by abufiog 

we are not met for a dilh of politick ^ ? your cnu'itrvy and that you remained 

Dr, A. No, but I wilh tiicre had been HMiiib all dut /incerity f I remember thM 

BO UaisM, I am fure England is the was the Orange phrafe. 

gainer by it. Or A. You never anfwered thttLet- 

Mr. W„ I will not make- an EflTay on ter» Sir. 

the advantages and difadvantages of lAe Mr, IV: What anfwer could I gire. 

Union, Do61or? You had put a period^otbe 

/)r. il. I hate politicks ; but I have intercourfe between ui. I ftill continued 

been ill ufed by youy Mr. Wilkes, 00 to oui common friends to fpeak of yon 

the occa6oo. in terms of refped, while you were 

Mr, W. On the contrary, DoAor, I grofsly abufing me. You fard to Bof* 

was the injured friend. wclU Millar, and others, ** 1 hope thcfe 

Dr, if. i thought you for many years " is a Hell, that Wilkes may lie in it.** 

the moft amiable friend in the world, and Dr, A, In a pafTion I might fay (b. 

loved your company the moft ; but ]rou People do not olten fpeak ^hcir minds in 

diftinguifhed yourfelf by grofsly abuting a pallion. 

my country in the ffortb BritoK, although Mr. 1^, I thought they generally did» 

I never read much of that paper. Dodkor ? 

^ Mr, W, You pafled your time, I am Dr, A. I was thoroughly provoked, 

fatisBed, much bcuer. Who told you, although I (\ill acknowledge mv great 

Doctor, what particular numliers I wrote } pecuniary obligations to you, although I 

It is droll, bat the bittereft of thofe pa- date (ay I could have got the money 

peis, which was attributed to me, was a elfcwhcre. 

Dcfcripiion of Scotland, firft printed in Mr, H^, I was always happy to render 

the latt century, on Charles I's return you every fervice in my power i and 1 

from thence in i< 33. Were you ever, titcic imagined a liberal mind, like yours« 

"D^yBtoVf perfonally attacked by ms } couid have been worked up by defigning 

Were you not, although a Scotfman, at men to write me fuch a Letter in anfwer 

the very time of the North Britons^ com- to an affedionate one I fcot you 00 the 

plimentcd by me, in conjun£tion with profpeA of your return. 

Cbmrcbiii, in the bcft thing I wrote, the Dr. A, I'was happier with you than 

mock Dedication to Mortinur ? any man in the world for a great many 

Dr, A, To be praifed along with fuch years, and complilncoted you not a little 

il writer, I think an abufe. jn the Dmj^ and you did not write to me 

Mr. W, The world thinks far other- for a year and a quarter after that. 
Wife of that wonderful genius, Cburcbill\ Mr. W^. Your memory does not ftrve 
kut you, DoAor, have farrihced piivate you faithfully, JOoAor. in three or four 
frieiidfliip at the altar of politicks. After months at fariheft you had two or three 
many years mutual intercourfe of gooi Letters from roe together on your return 
offices, you broke every tie of fricndihip to the head quarters of the army. I 
with me on no pretence but a fufpicion, am abufed in DtMt for that publication^ 
for you did not a(k for proof, of my hav- and the manner, both which )-o« ap- 
ing abufed your country, that country I proved. 
have for years together heard you inveigh /)r. A. I did fo. 
againft, in the fevered terma^ lor nmfiimafs Mr. W, 1 was abufed at fir(l» I am 
imdnatinudity, told, in the manufcript of Dies for hav* 
JDr, A. loal/didit tnjoke. Sir; yott ing fold the copy, and put the money 

ia 



t79t»} CM at Hinckley. — Dr. Pricftlcy, — Monaftic Remains. 35 



io mj |»cket» bur chat charge was Aip* 
preflfcd in the printed Letter. 

Dr. A, I know Dothing of that, aod 
will do vou juilice. 

Mr.W. Will you call upon Mr. D—, 
our commoo fricod, your couotryinany 
and aik him, what he thinks of vour coo* 
dud to me, if it has noc been wholly un- 
jtt(ki6abU ? 

Dr. A Hare I vour leave to aik Mr. 
Woodfall io your name about the Letters } 

Mr. W, I ha?e already told you, Doc- 
tor* what direCHons he his from me. 
Take four'-and*twcoiy hours to conHiicr 
what vuu have to do, and let me know 
the reiult. 

Dr. A. I am forry to have taken up (b 
much of vour time. Sic. 

Air. f^. it (lands in no need of an apo- 
logy, Do£lor. I am glad to fee you. 
Guod»morrx)W. 

N. B. Thefe minutes were taken the 
fame afternoon at April 7^ 17731 ^^ 
ieot to a friend. 

/)«y is a Poetical Epinie fromDr. Arm* 
ftrong 10 Mr. Wilkes, pubiilbed in 1763. 

Diti is a Profe Letter, pubiilhed in the 
Public Advertifer of March 13, 1773, 
followed by ^ruth March 24, and Sox 
April I. 

M r. U R B A N y HinckUy, Jan, a 3 . 

I SEND you a flion journal of the 
weather at this place during; the greateft 
coldf which may perhaps be uleful to 
your readers in a comparative view. 
Fahreohcit's Thermometer. 

8 clock m. noon. 8 dock n. 
1792, Jan. I r, 9® 20^ i alo 

12, 14 23 i6| 

13, 13 aij 15 

14, x8 25^ 27 
Yoursy &c. J. Robinson. 



7# tbi Rtv. Dr. Priestley. 
Rev. Sir, Birmhgbam, Jmn. ar. 

TH £ condu£^ of the generality of 
the clergy in this place and neigh- 
hourhOod is To much the reverfe of 
what you reprefent pr infinuate, thati if 
we did not \cm the reproaches of lome, 
who being ar a diiUnce are equal (Iran- 
gcrs to you and us, we might have treated 
your calumny with lilent contempt. Till 
you can prove the contrary, you ought 
to believe that we defend cHablilbments 
with a« much finccrtty as you endeavour 
to deftroy them. Be it knbwn to you» 
and to ill the world, that as Mr. Madaa 
and myfcirdKl not, bv t defeneeofthe 
Te(l-i«ws, either direOiy or indirrc))/ 
toDtiibutc CO tbm macrAga wbiek hivt 



hstn committed in this place, fo wc havt 
very lately endeavoured to recommend 
pacifick meafures, and a benevolent con- 
d\x€t tou'ards Dilfentcrs of all denomtna* 
tions. But all fuch endeavours will be 
fruttlefs as long as you have the privilege 
of being attended to. 

Yours, &c. Y. Croft. 



1 



Mr. Urban, Jan. t^. 

N vol. LXL p. 1118, your correfpon* 
I dent, Philarchaios, has attempted a 
difplay- of fagscity, by cxpofing, with aa 
affectation of humour, iome imaginary 
errors in Moure's ** Monadic Remains.** 
Whether his remarks are the effuiions of 
ignorance or malignity, it is not worth 
an enquiry } but the charity due to hu* 
man infirmities induces roe to hope that 
his obfeivations are to be' attributed ra* 
ther 10 a deficiency of knowledge, than 
to a badnefs of heart. 

Anclal)orate refutation of his pretended 
corrections, by a (]uotation of authorities, 
and a felediun of extrads, is not only 
unnecefTary, but would In; jin encroach* 
mcnt upon your valuable Mifcellany, and 
a^" infulc to the hiftorical knowledge of 
your rcadeis x for the man, who, in an 
eiLultation of ignorant triumph, impfu* 
dcotiy afTcrts that the anecdote of Edward 
the Fourth is to be found only in Shakf- 
peare, will attra£^ little attention, and 
obtain lefs credit. The fa£t of Edward 
having been impiifoned by Warwick 
may be traced through Englilh hiftoryi 
wiin an accumulation of authenticityy 
frum the earlieft chronicle to the latefl 
abridgment; but in Shaktpeare even the 
(agacious Philarchaios will not be lucky 
enough to difcover it ; indeed our im- 
mortal bard has not left any play, in 
which he could have, properly/ inuo- 
duced this memorable anecdote. 

Ignorahce and obOinacy may eafily re- 
ject a wclUattelled fa6t \ but to contro- 
vert an eAablilhed crrror, or to lecover 
truth trom obfcurity, requires abilities 
fuperior 10 thofe of your correfpon dent. 
This «< Lover of Antiquities" has artfully 
endeavoured to impiefs an exalted opi- 
nion of hi> erudition, and toinlinuatethe 
value of his libraiy, by mentioning Ry- 
mei ; but he, who has little knowledge 
of hillory, and who is unacquainted with 
Shakfpeaie, may be julily fu(pe£ied of 
having never feen the Fccdcia. Nan»es 
raihtr clian works fecm 10 have been tl^ 
ftudy ot Philarchaios. 

To fee a man unhappily driven bv aa 
impetuous vaniiy hc^onOi \\\c c^veuxo^ 
hit talents, muW kxwa V^mc cbnvu%^\otv 



jS Pope's Imitation ej a P^ijfags in SiVtuf ItaVtcus 

for h'ts iml^ecillity, and a wi(h to reprefs 
iiis temeiuy; Phi^archaios will therefore 
pot reem it an unfriendly a--mon tioo that 
advifcs him ;o defifV fiom the threatened 
continuation of hiti rcm.)ik$» unlcfs he be 
tiTibitious to appear a huinouiO without 
wit, an an'iq'iaiy without knowlrdgr^ 
anu I criiick vvirliout jjcii e.neot. S, G. 



Mr. Urban, Jan. 4. 

TH E lol:owinj celebrated pailHgc io 
Pope's Ttmple of Fame txhibiis a 
familiar, and, ^i the f^me time, a very 
pleafing and poetical image. 

i' Af, on the fmoo:h cxpanfc of cryftivl lakeSi 
Xhe finking ftonc at firll a circle m.ikes, 
The ircnibling furface, by ih« motion ftirr'd. 
Spreads in a fecoqit circle, thenn third ; 
Wide, and more wide, the floating rings ad- 
vance, [Jance j 
Fill all tlje wat'ry plain, land to the margin 
Ttiiis ev'ry voire and found, uhen firA they 

break, 
On neighb'ring air a foft impreflfipn make ; 
An^Hher ambient circle then they move { 
That, in its turn, impels the next above ; 
Tlu'o' uncliiia(iiig air the founds are fent, 
4^nd fpread o'er all the Auid element." 

Vcr. 436. 

In his Hflay on Man* the author in- 
troduces the lame image, withe(|ual pro* 
piiety ; 

'* Self-Iuve but ferves the virtuous mind to 
wake, 

Ajtbc fmnll pehble (liisihe peaceful lakej 

The ciictemovM, a circle flrait fuccv-cdi, 

/Another ftill, ami Oill another fprc ids; 

Friend, jmrenr, neighbour, firft it will em- 
brace { 

His country ncxS and next all human race, 

"Wide, anil more wide, th' o'crflouing» of 
the niiud 

T.*ke ev'ry crcamre in, of eyVy kind ; 

]£.irth intil s around will) buuuUIclA bounty 
blcf>. 

And Ueav'n beholds its image in his breafl." 

Ep. ly. 36^. 

In ihefc two paflfages the ima^e is 
bcauti'ul.y rni^rijecl anil txterdmi ; is 
a<L>roed with ii>any niikini; circumilan- 
ces, and Is t'Ot abruptly, but i^radu illy 
wiihdravvn from the' reader's imaj»ina- 
tion. in ilii:^ mode ol conrluilin); a hmile, 
tiicre is no p(*cr, I ihiujc, Superior, cr 
• •ren c(|ual to P« pe. 

We have a lu^iicrous view of the fame 
object in*^ht Dunci4d. 

«' As ^vh.-'t a Dutchman plumps into the bkes. 
One cifi-ie firft, >»d I lien a fccnnd makes : 
"Wlut DuLn^ss dropt among her fons, im- 
pieft ' 
X'ifcv moeJtM front one circle to the left* 



[J*n. 

So from the mid^moft the nutation fpra^l^ 
Round, and moi e rouod, o'er all the fea of 
heads." B. IV. 4'>5. 

It has been fuppofcd *, that this fi mi- 
lit udc is taken from (he following pallage 
in Shakfpearc's licory the Sixth : 

** Glory h like a circle in the water, 
Which never ceafeth to enlarge itfelf, 
Till by broad fprcaM ng it difpcirfe to nooght."* 
rait l.of Henry VI. adt I. fc. VI. 

^The circular undulations, defcril)ed by 
Shakfpcare and P('pe, might eafllv occur 
to any poet, accuftomcd to deiive hit 
fimilirmlrv from natural objects { yet it 
is, I il ink, vcrv evident, that Pope haf 
imitated the following palfage in Siliut 
Iialicus f : 

** Signa roportandi crcfccbat in agmine fervor. 
Sic ubi^perrumpit ftagnaniem calcolus undani| 
Fx'guos format per prima \ olumina gyros s 
Max trcnmlum vibraas moto glifcente liquo- 

rem, 
Multiplicat crehros fmuati gurgitis orbcs; 
Donee poftremo, laxatis circulus oris, 
Contingat geminas patulo curvamine ripas.? 

Lib.XIlL 23. 

The cla.Tical reader will obferve, that 
Pope has followed the La in poet more 
clofciv in the p'lTage quoted from th^ 
Ttmple of Fame, than in the two 
other citations. This was natural. The 
"^cmp'c of Fame was written in 171 1, 
wiicn the autiior w^s only 23 ycarv of 
a;:e ; and had been accuftomcd '* not fo 
much to ftrike out new thoughts of hi^ 
own. as to improve iliofe of other men** 
by an cafv and elegant verfincation. 

The Dunciad was written in 1726 ; 
the Ellav on Man, in 1729. It is faid, 
that Pope firli became acquainted with 
tiic Woiks of Virk;il and OvitI, by the 
tianflations of Ogilhy and Sandys. If 
tills he true, wc may naturaOv iniagiiie, 
that he would have tie cuiioniy to lead 
tl)c Tiarflacion of Siiius Itahcus, hj 
Thomas Koft^, Efq. J, printed in 1762. 
I fhall prtfcnt th-j icstier with this gcjile^ 
man*i humble vcrfion : 



•" Defii e in e\ 'rv brcaft 



To bear their enfigns back apjain, increaft : 
As when a i^one llie writer hre.^ks, it m.tke^ 
At f.rft, (m.iU ring^ ; hut as its motion ihaket 



^ See Walton on the WiiiingsandGenim 
of Po|>e. 

f This imitnrlon, we beiifvc, \k'\^ firft 
pointed out by our correfpondcnt, in the 
Cm. Rev. for M.iy, 1766. t oit. 

X R(»fs ftylcs himtcif, " Keeper of his 
M.ijcny's i.ibi;tnes, miuI Gruom uf his mod 
honouiablt Prvvy-cbAnvber. 



/79^'] Silius Italicu$.— Godftow M/JW/ry.— Pcndrcll 



The tremWing liquor, while il ftiU defcends. 
The muneraus oibs iiicreafr, ti 1 it extends 
The curling circle, every way, (b wide, 
Thai it may touch t!ie hanks on cither fulc* 
While I have Si'.ius Italicui before me, 
I caoohc forbear citin^; another beautiful 
paffage. in which the author dcfcrihes 
the martial fpiiit of young Hannibal, 
when he formed the idea ot peneciatinig 
into Italy, and avenging the caufe of hi$ 
count! y uithin the walU ol Rome. His 
father, who carried him, \yhen he was 
bot nine ycart old, into Spaio, made him 
iolemn'.y fwear, at the foot cf an aliar, 
that he would nevtr he reconciled to the 
Roaiaos. In the mean tiuie, fayv the 
poet, 
<* Dat roentem Juno, ac lauJum fpe corda 

faiigat. 
Jamqucatit nodtiimo pcnctrat Carit(.lia vifu ; 
Aut lapidis fertur per fumnias pafi'ihus Alpcs. 
Sxpc cliam famuli, turbao ad limina (vmtio, 
Ezpavere trucem per vafta filentia vuceni, 
Ac largo fuJorevinim invenerc futuras 
MiiceoteoEi pugnas, & inania hella gerentem." 

Lib. 1. 63. 
Thefc two fjuotations may ferve JO 
fiicw, that Silius It-bcus is not fo de^pi- 
cihle a poet as the cider Scaligir and 
others have reprrfmied him ; and that 
there are palTages in his poem DE Beli.O 
Pun ICO, wh:ch would not diigrace il»c 
^neid. Yours, &c. J. R— RTS— M. 

Mr. UtBAN, 7tf». 24- 

AFTER rtading the curious account 
of ilic nuns of G<?^«*m; Nunnery, 
in your vol LXI. p. 893*^ 1 could 
rot but rcfl fX » n the dilapidated and al- 
RKiil tvar,. Ictnt fla.e of our ancient ie!i- 
g.oushoufcs, monaneiics, and nunneries; 
and that, in the run of another century, 
the very//* of many of them w^u'.d be 
lo tar foil as to become (ubjcdU of en- 
quiry and difpule. The fame unhappy 
circumftances, 1 remtmbertd, had at- 
tended very many old towns and cities t» 
and lomc of great note, whofe true and 
exȣi fiitia'ions were grown to be very 
i)roblema«ical amongft geographers. Now, 
b r, if this impending and ilireaieniog 
(lif alter, in regard to the convents, c<»L'ld 
We by any means prevented, one would 
be glad to have it Hone 1 and foon too, 
because, I am fenfibie, that the true po- 

» In 1 1 at paper it js flatetl that Rofa- 
mond's biHJy waf removed by ihc order of 
Sir Hugh (the Burgundiaii) Blfhop of Lin- 
coln ; but quxre, if it ua^ not Hugh de 
Welles, Bp. of Lincoln, that gave the order. 

f It is known with certainty where Sid- 
fiacaei^er and man/ other phces in the W-^ 
mtrmr/, and m £favtftifUiSf y^OCQ fllMixtcd* 



37 

(itions of many of the houfes ire, as yet 
recoverable, which, in a liitle time, will 
be totally obliterated. 

We hare ^a Britannia Rcmana ; we 
have a Britannia Saxontca ; and there- 
fore, in imitation of them, I could wiih 
fome good hand would undenake to give 
us a Britanmia Monafiica upon a like 
plan ; and certaiily the folio editions of 
Bilbop Tanner's Notiiia Moiafiita would 
furnidi tiie undertaker with the names of 
every (ingle religious toondatioo in the 
kingdom, with the real county in which 
they were placed, wh:ch 1 mention, be* 
caufe many errors ha^ beiore been com- 
mitted in that re fpe 6^. L. £. 

P. S. I propofe that the map (bouid 
b: thrown into fquarc% like Dr. Flott's 
map of Staffordfhire ; and that an alpha- 
berical lifl of places (hould be inferted ia 
tite margins, with references to the fquarts, 
either by Ktcers or figures. 

Mr. Ukbak, Jan. 34. 

TO the account which your cuire- 
fpondent A. B. gives of the PtndnU 
family io vol. LXL p. 992, may tie 
added the I'olluwiog.^^in the town of 
Alltriflon, in the county of SufFcx, but a 
few years Gnce, lived a Mr. Pemircll^ 
who was a fuigeon, and had rcllded tiicre 
many years: ihik perfon left behind hiin 
riven, if not eight fons, mol\ of whom, 
I piefumr, are flill to be tound near tiie 
fame place : the eldcQ 1 rcco'lc^ v\as a 
miller. Thefc, I (houUl imagine, are 
the imiiiediatc dcfcendani^ of the famous 
Pcndicll, who was inflrunien'.al in f<ving 
King Cliarles, as it is well known thev 
receive a pcnfion (which, 1 think, is 30 
marks per annum) on that account, i>c* 
fides the tree liberty of huntine* flioot- 
in^, &c. Yours, &c. Li'CT S. 

P. S. In Biiglithclmnone cliurch-\ard, 
fouth fide, is a flat^rave flone, now ai* 
mofl obliterated, which records liic name 
of a Tatte:fa', who a!fo afTilted the 
King in his cfcape : if anv of \our 
Ingenious corrclpondcDts can tu'nifh the 
iofcription cumpiea: ^, it will be moic 
likely to go down to poltcrit) on liie 
papar of your Magazine than on (ablet 
of brafs or itone. 



Shelf b $fa T^'o Month Tour in Scotland, 
ftrformtd on Horjiback in tbt Summtr 

<dr »773- 

THE way from Belford to Bcrj^ick 
lies over a dull and folitary country. 
The hand of improvement, hoivcvir, 

• It has been a\rea«\Y \n\w\cO.. Sintw^V 
JCXXyi. !>• 51 5 «[ vi)V.XL\.U.^% IT- \Lv>v"t 



Vv\.«t^ 



3« 



A Two Months Tour In Scotland, maJi in 1773. 



[Jan 



Icemft at length to hare been exrended 
creo hither, aoil Tome cooifomble farm- 
Itoufcs are beginning to cheer the view. 
Frooi the brpw of a pretty bold fwell, 
the town of Berwick » the river Tweed, 
•Dd the Scottilh borders, burft at once 
upon thc.cye, bounded by the Gennan 
ocean on the right, on the left by the 
Cl^evioi and other hills. The Tweed 
is heie of confidcrabie breadth, and the 
bridge thrown acrofs ir, conftru£ted on 
16 arches, makes, as you approach, a 
very Tefpe£lahle appearance. The town 
of Berwick, uniqui from the neutrality 
of Its fituation, is neat, and by no meant 
ill-built} and from the walks, which run 
around upon its rampaits, is a full view 
of the Tweed where it difembogues it- 
feU into the fea. Yet the appearance of 



of lord Churchill of £ymouth. 

About half an hour's ride from Prefs« 
the Firth of Forth is beheld on a fuddeiu 
The afternoon was remarkably fine, and 
the Bafs, May, and many other rocks 
and iilands, ftudding its beautiful ex« 
panfe, and refle£ling the radiance of the 
Weflern fun, exhibited a profpe£tof un* 
ufual fublimity and effect. Its hither 
ihore difplayed the finely cultivated coitn* 
try' of Ead Lothian, whilft the moun* 
tainous coa(\ of Fife&ire, roioj^Ung with 
the iky, marked the fartheft djftance of 
the pi^ure. Defcending from thcfe 
heights, and paflin,; through the wretch* 
ed village of old Cambry, the road runs 
between the fea on the right hand, and 
DungUs, the pleafant refiden^ of fir 
James Hall, on the left; it was once the 



this almoft clallic Aream, if the idea of proper y of the earls of. Hume, who dc* 



its beauty was to be taken from this fip 
gle fpot, wjuld by no means roeiit the 
celebrity which it has obtained. 

From Berwick, proceeding North- 
ward, we immediately entered the (hire 
of Mcrch, cxhibi'ing a fcen^ bleak, de- 
folate, and uncultivated ; in (hort, re* 
miiHiing the traveller of thbfe unfeuled 
and unhappy nmcs when puverry was the 
fole barrier a^ain(\ invalion^ and when 
the having nothing to lo(e was the Ived 
fecurity againlt attack. Fortuoarcly tho^ 
times are pall, .and the diflrid\ about £y- 
town, a fmali village on the road, begins 
accordingly to wear a more comfortable 
and cultivated afpefl^ it iclapfcs however 
almoft immediately, and becomes even 
worfe, and more dilmal, a^ y»U approach 
tha dulky moors o\ Coldiaghim, famous 
ior its abbey in old times, and ftill more 
fo for the dcfperace chaftity of its nuns* 
Camden records the ftory. in an early 
part ot this (lage, Halydon hill was to 
be fccA at a distance on the left. A fin- 
ale houfc in the m'ddle of tlie moor in« 
vites the paifenger to ftop. more perhaps 
by the unity than the elegance of its ap- 
pearance; yet it atfords tolerable accom- 
modations for thofe who are not over fa- 
llidious in fuch xcfpefib i and for thofe 
who air, it would in general be more ad- 
vifable to enjoy thtir indulgence at home* 
It is called rrefs> and is at leaft prefera- 
ble to any other houfe of public recep- 
tion ibort of Dunbar, if not fuperior to 
any to be met xtith there. 

Eaflward fioin hence, at the diftance 

of about 3 milei^, lies £y mouth, a fmall 

trading tuwn upon the cuatl \ which the 

French, it Iccms, fortified in the raino* 

rny of \t»ry, »od from whence the duke 

a/ AfjrJt?orou^u atlcfWMrdk |ouk his title 

S 



rive their fecond title from it,* and Hi 
the civil wars it vas made a ftation. la 
1640 it was ciefignedly blown up by gun- 
powder, to the deftrudion of a Urge 
company in iu ruins. The country fiom 
hence to Dunbar is well tilled, and very 
fertile, owing much perhaps to the in* 
vigorating quality of fea- weeds, evident* 
ly made u(c ot as manure. This whole 
didrifl forms a pleafing contrail to the de* 
foiaiion of the barren moor from whence 
we had juft defcended. 

Palling by Broxmouth, a feat of the 
duke of Roxburgh's, we reached Dun- 
bar, having left behind us leveral not in* 
co^liileraitie rocky eminences, trom one 
of which, named Dunhill, Cromwell is 
a6irmtd to have contemplated the com* 
bac betwixt his forces and thofe of Scot* 
land under Leilie (in the year 1650} 
wtth great triumph, doubiUfs, and com* 
placcncy, fiuce with a very few men com* 
paratively he obtained a confiderable vie* 
tory. A kind of rude chair of broken 
rocks has been erected upon the fpot^ 
which forms an interefling obje£t from 
hi» grace\ gardens. 

Ihinbar, confiding chiefly of one broad 
ftreet, neatly enough built^ and paved, 
makes, as you enter it, an appearance of 
better pionufe than it afterwards fulfils. 
Its accommodations are not the moft in* 
viting, at leafk not till the traveller Ihall 
have become more ufed to Scottifh inns 
than we had yet been, and more weaned 
from the luxury of £ngli(h houfes of 
public entertainment. It has however a 
confiderable trade in the article of corn* 
and though the harbour is but fmall, it 
is accounted fife. There i< alfo a range 
of locks, of the columnar kind, pattly 
coveted ai h\)|}[X'*viaui, >i)Vi\Oci ^<ci^\H^ % 



>79**3 ^'''^/'«» L^rdChztiios U Dr. Bufby. — 7ii</|'# Wilfon. 39 

▼iGt from the niniraKfty and the curious ltg;ence and pains-takini^ (bv rerrue of 
ID i^eocral. The ruins of the caftle, once Dr. Knipe's helping han*!), will in a Ihort 
▼ery ftroas, ftiU remain ; it was demo*^ fpace raife ihem (o it ; and if in the ince* 
liilied ia the year 1567 by connmand of nm it fh^ll pUafc your goodnefs to caft 
the States, and had been* I Ixlierey the a favourable eve toward;; th« my allmoft 

{»lace to which Bothwell bore the uorc- 
laAant Mary, having intercepted her, 
piobabljr by agreement, as the returned 
to £diobur|h from a vifit to prince 
JameSf at Surling. (T$ be cMtinued.) 



OrMmi Letter from James Lvrd 

CHANDOS * f Dr* BUSB\ . 

Reverend Sir, « 

TH 'accident coraon to aU mortalls 
having orcnaken (ir William Soames 
(my deiignd (accelfor to this embalTv) at 

Malta, and there put the fatal! period -of of temptations to forget my benefa^ors. 
worldly cares to his voyage this wav, oc* yru need not queftion but that (though 



fatherlefs children (for a man in mv cir- 
cumftances I think neerout of the world), 
it will doubtlefi be a generous a6t» be- 
coming the ^reat applaufc of your ver- 
tues and pious works, and an oblieation 
of your endearing nature to me. Yet, if 
God will I live to thanke you at home, 
you will fureiy find your favour is nos 
can away on an unfgraretuU perfon ; for 
having but few friends, and (as the worM 
g x^-now a-ilays, with men of my Cl.urch 
of England principles) very fmall hopes 



cafions a necefEty of my contniuin^ in 
this great honor of ferving his moft gra- 
doQS Majeftie, my foveraigne lord and 
nafter the king, in thefe remote parts, 
fome time longer than I ezpcQed (or by 
fuch a fad event dcfired), for till it fiiail 
pleafe his Majeftie to appoint another for 
tMs employment, ther*! noe thoughts for 
me of ftirring hence ; foch hath allways 
by a the barbarous ftatecraft of thes ln6* 
dells towards all ChriOiao minifters they 
once gett within theyr clutches. 

But the mifcarriage of (ir William 
bath wrought a quite different etfe^ as to 
three poor little boys (all thetreafore the 
kind God of his kind mercy hath fpared 
me), for they all three of them being of 
age, and (unlefs, fatherly affedion hath 
blinded mine eyes towards them) compe- 
tent, natarall, and ac(|uired alfoe capa« 
citys, to partake of the l)enetit of your 
(throughout the whole learned world) 
mod famous and incomparable methods 
in teaching. I h^ve thought it a fin 
agnoil tny own flefli and blood any Ion** 

i^cr to venture the lofs of time (which is 
oc precious to thc^r welfare in this world, 
and the more elpecially 10 come) for 
tfaeyr preferment, to the honor and (in 



mv difpontion is not to be commen<icd) 
I (ball allwavs l>e glad and induflriou^ c«> 
approve myfclf. Reverend Do£lor, ypur 
moU humble fervanti Chandos.' 

Ptra of Gmlata, at Conflantinople^ 
St.^uet. July i2» 1686. 

I write in great hafl r and therfore for 
publicktranfadions in ihes forely affltded 
pans,- I crave leave (for brevity's fil&c) 
to refer you ro the b;:arer of this to you, 
who is alfoe the oDndu6lor of my childrjcn. 

Mr. Urban, Jam. 7. 

I CANNOT help wilhing to occupy a 
corner in your mifcellaneous vehicle of 
inftru£lion and amufemeot, to tcdify the 
pleafure 1 felt on the perufal of the ac- 
count in your lall Magazine of the re- 
fpite procured for an innocent man, by 
the interpofuion and foliscitude of Mr. 
Peachy, a Glouceflerlhi re .farmer, whofe 
philanthropy may rank him with a How- 
aid; and to whom that beautiful fcnti* 
menc of the Roman dramatift may^ be 
happily applied : ** Homo fum, & nihil 
humani a me alienum puto." But may 
I be permitted to offer up my mite in 
praife of one, whofe charatler as a ma- 
giftrate flands already fo high in public 



ny Opinion) iaeAimable adfantage of eAimation, as fcarcely to aumit of, or 

being adopted to the number of your require, an addition? I mean, Judge 

fdiollars} and though at prefcnt they are Wilfon. The ready attention he paid to 

not worthy, i confefs, the form imedi- the information of Mr. Peachy, a total 

ately under >oar care and condu£l, yet I ft ranger, and the more than common care 

am in good hopes (for they all of them, he took to expedtte and iccure the prifo- 

have promifcd me very farrly) thevr di- net's refpice till a furtlier inveftik>atioa 



• This Nobleipan, who fucceeded to the 
title in 1676, was appointed in 1680 am- 
bailador at Conftantiiicple, where he refuieU 
leveral years In great honour and eileem. 
HediedOA.i6» 1714; leaving fevend chil- 
dren. The three boys, here mentioned, were 
t.JvneSfthoBrADakeofChifutos; 2. Henry, 
Arvhdesieon ofRoch^Aer; mimI^, FnuKis, Ke- 
(HpanU nf tba Dutin oa SsJt. £otT. 



could take place, calls for public acknow* 
ledgcrncnts of gratitude ai.d veneration. 

Sudi iiiftances remind u> of Portia'i 
fentimcnt. 

That earthly power dotli t*ieii (hew V\ke(k 
When rtiercy tempeni)uVV\v.t. ^\«as«k^ 

What an amia\)\e cot^it A^^ 10 x\\*i ^'>tv* 
du& of foine jadg;&% ut a. Wvm.t *«,'£\ 



40 Original ZetUr fram Bijhop Bcnfon to Bijhop Berkeley. [ Jan» 



who, IS one of. our faiiiifls hns it, would 
b«n|^ a prifoner rather ch4n eat his mut- 
ton colli. 1 hope (bat 1 have no: tnf- 
padcd too much on your pa^xr, but mud 
plead in cxculc the inefidihle deftre I 
fclt» of contmunicating the happmefs 
which (he record ot this nicritoriaus a£l 
filled nr.e withi a^ wcl! a« the hopes of 
contribuiirg in the (maiicil degree ro the 
celebration of, ami incitciiKrnt to, virtue. 
Youi^, &C. KUGENIO. 



M^ Urban, Jan. 2. 

T/HE inclofed original letter fiom 
B (hop Bcnfon, to the great ami good 
Bi(hop Berkeley, tell ir.to mv hanos bv 
accident a few dav% (incc. The fubjc6l 
of it is fo conne£)ed wi:h modern topics 
of debate and converfation, hoih public 
and private, that, 1 flatter myfcU, it will 
not prove an unacceptable preieni to v^ur 
readera. Youis, &c. G. 

Mv dear Lord, ./ "^ ^ 

' ' May 20, 1736. 

IT is a great ple.tfure to me, and all 
your friend) here, to hear that your health 
is l>eiter. for which we have been long in 
great pain. It will be for your good, as 
well as the good of your diocefc, tiiaC 
you fliould ntove about it. Your hav- 
ing been lo long coniined by one illncfs, 
is enough to create feveral others. 
Wherever you are, I know you are al- 
ways contriving to do all the good lou 
can ; and what you tell me you aie>doing 
at Clovne, is a very wife and ufeful cha- ' 
rity. Inliead of promoting, people have 
been contrivmg here to put a flop to, 
chanty ; and the Mafter of the Rolls, 
tltough a good man, is doing, I think, 
an unchriAian thing. A ciaule was ad- 
ded to the bill in the Huufc of Lords, 
for preventing the mifchief it was feared 
it might do to Queen Anne's bounty to 
the poor clergy. Lord Carteret ottered 
a claule for repealing the fla:utcs in the 
Univerfities, where()y the felloes are 
obliged to goiotooiders. He, the duke 
of Argyle, lord Bathurd, lord Chelter* 
iield, and lord Hervey, have been the 
warmefl and bittered in all thcic bills. 
Sir R. Walpole fo flrenuoufly opoofed 
the bill for the repeal of the Telt, that 
he was for a few days the greateO tavou- 
rite ot the bifhops and clergy. But that 
was foon interrupted bv the corping in of 
the Quakers' bill. The bifhops, with- 
out confulting or acquainting the mini* 
firy, wrote into thetr dioctles, and got 
pttitions prefented from every county. 
This the tniniftry highly refentcd fjom all, 
aod fo particularly from the bilhop of 
J^Aftidon^ tljMt the ftieadOtip which has 
mjij^ yvMfi fubtiiUd i% cmiicly brok- 



en between htm and fir Ro'»ert Walpole. 
Sir Rohert Wali»')ie was «iltnt upon that 
occafion in the HouTc of Commons, and 
the bi 1 went through that hou>e. But 
when it came up to the Houfe of Lords, 
it was vcrv ftrontrlv oppofcd bv mv lord 
Chancellor, ind lord Hardwickc; and 
upon the (ccond reading, alter two days 
confidiTotion and debate, near ten o'clock 
at tjighr, ir wascairicd againfl commit- 
ting, and for rejciVni^, the bill, bv a ma- 
joiity of 54 again!t 31;. Lord Bathuill 
was fo lar trani ported with palTion upon 
this accunt, that he moved '* That or» 
tiers migh: bt given for pieparing a bill 
again'* the next fcflion for abrogating of 
the foiritual courr-,** The bifbop of 
Saiifoury, both hy his writing? an<l r(>eak- 
ing upon ihik occafion has d joe the great* 
e(l (e I vice. 

My lord Lcmp^cr is perfe6>ly reco- 
vered, a nil lord Pom fret is much youT 
humhltt fcrvant. Sir John James, I hear, 
is certainly upon the ocean in his leiurn 
home; he will he^r of his father's death 
when he landv, and the feamen will be 
Inb>imed ot the dignity of the peifon 
ihty have brought over. I f^w obi Ar- 
chibald in a fine waif^coat, though per- 
haps not a new one, at courr, on the day 
we vveic tc* complim-nt the princcf»> of 
Wales. J en(i.iircd after his hralch, and 
we both tilked of sou. Though he was 
not io tine as many o*hers, ^ct I eHeem 
him more than mofl, 1 might f^y ail, I 
(aw there. 

I hope, notwithOanding what theMt« 
nitlry lay, the l\ep taken t'y the Bifhops 
here is not to be (houglu an indilcreec 
one. But the fUp taken by one ol your 
bilhops, ard fi>mc of rhe dergv in Ire- 
land, is hy ail heic thought 10 be a very 
iiiipi udcnt one, and I tear it luav be a 
means of doing the ciciyv of Ix-th king- 
doms a good deal of h.itm. Dr. Mad- 
dox is at lai) made bifhop of St. Alaph« 
The bifliop ot Landaff has his deanry of 
Wei s i and dean Crcllct of your kiDg- 
dcun, who has an cliitc in the dioccfe of 
Hereford of 20C0I. a year, as it is faid^ 
is to he dean ot Hcret\>rd, The Parlia- 
ment rofe this day, aod I am very gl d 
it is up. Out of iVven divifioos tlr.»* 
ieflion, five of them 1 have been againft - 
tlte Court, and there would have been one 
moie, had not my attendance oo the ad- ' 
drels of the Univeifit^ of Oxford bin* . 
dered my attendance ycdeiday in the 
Houfe ot Lords. I mufl employ the 
room that i) iett, in making my ^mpli- 
mentsi to your good lady. 1 am going 
a^ fuon as ever L can to.Gloucciler , and '. 
1 am in aU Y)\ace^, n\s A^t^x \oxi\, vcvo^ . 



I79^J Rimarh en Malone'i Edltm ff Shakfpeare* 



Mr. UtBAK» Jm. io. 

HAVING lately penifed Mr. Ma- 
looe's edition of Shakfpeare with 
great pAcafurc aad much infcnnatioov 
carioiity led me to look into the Critical 
Retiew of laft moDth, which I took up 
with fome degree of ardour, eipe^ing to 
fiad a foil and mafterly account of that 
work» as the critick to whom the rcTi- 
fioo of it was affigned had taken an en- 
tire year to think on the matter. 1 am 
awire. Mr. Urban, that you are ex- 
tremely unwilling to enter into contro* 
terfy with any otyour brethren ; and, if 
tit few obferriaons which I now fend 
fon wffe of a controverfial kind, oi had 
in their ohjc6k a vindication of any opi- 
Aion dcJivcrcd by Mr. M. in his long 
and very laborious work, or a refutation 
of any opinion held by the Reviewer, I 
ftonld not venture to claim a place in 
your Magazine; but as this it by no 
means the cafe, and as you have ever 
iiewn a regard for literature and literary 
nieoy you will,.! am confidcn-, fet your 
fice agaioft any mifreprefentation of their 
produdions, and allow me a fmall por- 
tion of your dadical Mifcellany, for the 
purpofe of mentioning a few fm&h 
wh ch, in the Review abovtmentioocdr 
have been grufsly misdated. To this 
object folely I fliall confine myfelf, while 
I make this froall and very inadequase 
return to Mr. Malooc for the pleafure 
which hit labours have aftbrdeU me. 

The firfl paragraph, containing a very 
Rmarkablc mifreprefentation, is the foU 
kiwing: 

^ In p. Ivi. of hisPref;ice, Mr. Nf alone iif- 
dtgnanily aafwers thofc who iniiniiate that 
Shakfpeare has been elucidated ihtoobfcu* 
rity, aiod buried in a tomb of notes \ and af- 
ferts that, " if even every line of his plays 
were accompanied with a comment, every 
intelligent reader wonid be indebted to the 
indulby of him who produced it." At this 
dedanrtioo every imtiUigent revler will pro- 
babl? ftart; but we homUy bef leave to 
rank, in Mr. Malone's opinion, amoog m»- 
imelUgenis ; and to otiferve, that, in our opi- 
nion, there are few paflages in Shakfpeare, 
^fTth undtrJianJing^ which every reader of 
coounon fenfe does not underf^and, with very 
little afliftance. And we mull hint to thofe 
inle^bed with the Sbaijferomanij a circuni- 
ilance which Mr. Makioe*s zeal has prevented 
bis obferving, that, as do author has higher 
bemvies than Shakfpeare, (b none has greater 
iftrfordtties, or occafionally pages of more 
vapid nocifenfe. The beauties are generally 
familiar to all, without any comment y and 
what advantage a commenrMry tai a iriBing 
or stfAtrd fisU/jIge aa stffbrU, we are iHtvrly 

GmhTs Mag, 3^M^uar/, ij^z, 

6 



41 

at a lo{s to conceive. Notes on ohfolcte cuT^ 
toms and expreflions are undoubtedly proper \ 
but a commentary on e%Jtry Urn would be an 
ulelefs load." 

Your readers, Mr. Urban, will, I 
make no doubt, be much furprized, when 
they are informed, that Mr. Maloiie has 
in no pan of his work made any fuch 
foolifli aflertion as that which has been 
imputed to him by this Review^. His 
words, in the 56th page of his Preface^ 
are thefe : 

" When our Poet's entire library (hall 
have been Uifcovered, and the fables of all his 
plays traced to tlieir original fource, when 
every temporary allufien (hall have been 
))ointed out, and e^'ery obfcority elucidated^ 
ttien, and not till then, let the accumulation 
of notes be complained of. I fcarcely re- 
oieniber ever to have looked into a book of 
the age of Queen Elizabeth, in which 1 did noc 
find fomewhat thit tended to throw a ligbc 
CD thefe plays. WhiU our objtQ U to Jupfwt 
and ^MJh mthai tU ?Qtt nvrottf f illmftrmi* 
lAt fbrafedogjf by emifmring it ^tb that of btt 
cMtimforaritSi tmd to exflain hit fugithtt allum. - 
fimt to CMjhmt iomg finct SJuJed and forgottm^ 

WHILI THIS OBJECT It JCfcPT STEALILV 

iv vtaw, if even every line of his pU/s 
were accompanied with a comment, every 
intelligent reader would be imlehted to the 
induftry of him who produced it. Such uni- 
formly has been the objeA of the notes now 
prefeoted to the publick." 

Here we find the Editor not faylog 
one word concerning a commentary oa 
bt^utiftdt or friJU/ig, or mbfurd paflfa^es 
(if abfurd paiTages are to be found in this 
author)^ but wilhing for a commentary 
on every line that wants one ; in which, 
what the Poet wrote may be fupported, 
his phrafeology may be illuftrated, or 
fome fugitive ailufion or obfolete cuftom 
may be explained; and 'wbiU this §b}e& 
is kept Jlemdiij in nirw, or, in other 
words, mfbile tbifemake tbifukjeQ tftbe 
notes, he thinks every intelligent reader 
would be obliged to him who produced 
them, boiAtever numerous they might be. 
Such is the plain and obvious meanioj^ 
of his words. No comment, comprifing 
the objects which Mr. Malone has en u* 
meraied, can be written on trying or 
abfurd paflages: on every Hoe, ^bub 
aamits of /ucb a comment, he wi(bcs 
for one. By (his mode of quot- 
ing only half an authot's words, and 
omitting that part of the fentence by 
which his alT^ rtion is explained or quali- 
fied, any al M^rdity whaifotvtr inay be 
imputed to him { and by the fative mQd% 
ft was long fioce auempitd to \>ii ^101 1^, 
that the llul) Scnpi\M:w ^onuwx \ ^ttiviX 



Ritnaris ttt Malo ne's EJition of Shakfpearff. 



4a 

of the beiog of a God. If we forget or 
fupprefs whac ** the fool faith in his 
hearty" it will not be difRculc to prove, 
cfen from the Bible itfelf, •* that there 
is no God.*' 

On ihc aflenions, that then are fetu 
pajai^is in Sbakfptare, nvorth under^ 
Jiandingi '^'bicb rvery readtr of common 
fenfe dots not undtrfland nvilb very Utile 
afftflanct \ and that no author has greater 
abjurdities^ Or occafionally pagts of more 
vapid nonfemfe^ I (hall make only one 
obiervationj that, if the firft of thefe 
ilrange affcrtions bs true, Dr. }ohnfoDt 
Mr. Sieevens, and Mr. Malone, have 
mod egregioudy rois-fpcnt their time thefe 
thirty years paft; and it it highly in- 
cumbent on the relations of the two lat- 
ter gentlemen to put them into fome 
place of confinement, appropriated to 
thofe unfortunate perfons whofe minds 
are deranged. The opinion, that no an* 
thw has occqfionaltf Peiget of mo^e va'iid 
nonfemfi than Shakfpeare^ it is well 
Jcnown* was always held by the late Mr. 
David Hume, though he was prevatled 
vpon by a friend to (Irike the pafTa^e 
Mrhich contained this atfcrtion out of his 
Hillory. 1 truft, for the honour of Scot- 



[J«. 



Shakfptarc's plays augmented at leaft 
one third ) with many other confidcrablir 
variations. 

We are next told by the Reviewer, that 
the Hiftorical Account of the Englifli 
Stage was publiflied Come years ago 
by Mr. M, and is now re*publi(bed by 
htm, njuitb fome additions, Mr. M. baa 
himfclf infoiroed us io his Preface, that« 
*' in conftqucnce of various refearcheSf 
and a ^reac acceflion of new materials^ 
this hiftory has fwelled to fuch a fize as 
to become almofi a nonv nuorki** and^ 
upon comparing the former with the pre* 
fent account, I nnd chat his firft Eflay oil 
tliis fubje6t was contained in 65 pages* 
and the new Hifturical Account of the 
Stage fills 331 pages, in a fmaller letter. 
How far the Reviewer's account Qorre- 
fponds with the faft in this inftance, this 
inort ftarement will enable every reader 
to determine. 

The lall and Aill more material falfe 
affcrtion which I (hall notice is, that, 
in Mr. Malone's editioa, *' the greater 
part of the new notes appear at the end 
of volume X." The writer means in the 
Appendix. From this alTertion, every 
reader rauft naturally fuppofe, that the 
lapd, it is n>^t the uniform opinion of ali new notes in this edition (excluiive of 



Lis countrymen. 

The next mifreprcfenution made by 
this Reviewer is, that the Prolegomena in 
Mr, Malont*s edition (except his Pre- 
face) are nt-artv the fame a** in the edi- 
tion bv T'ihi.ftn and Stecvcns. The 
Prolegonritna in ihcir laft edition, pub- 
lifhed in 17S5* confifls of 36a p^t^es. 
Mr, Malone's ProJej^omcna (indepcnd- 
--r.r of the cop:nu^ Hilinry of the Stage, 
wh''ch is itfcU juf'tm volumen,) nil 416 
pa^es in a fmalicr type; and, had the 
Reviewer examined ihefe pages, he 
would have found coilcierable vaiiations 
between the two works, and much new 
luacter; he would have found that, in 
Mr. Malone^s edition, Sh^ikfpeare's Will 
Uf for the Uiii time, printed from the 
original, and illuOrared with notes ; that 
Howe's Life of Snakfpcare, which in all 
the former editions h comprifed m a few 
leaves, takes up in this cdiiirm 50 pages, 
much and very c\iiiou^ information, in 
the fonn ot note, being appended by 
Mr. Malone to what he very juftly calls 
*■ Rowe's ir.cagtc naitative/' he wuuld 
have found eirven piinted pages relative 
to Shakfpcarc's f".mi)y, extracted by Mr. 
M. from the R'.-j;iflci of^hc paiiih of 
Stratford •upon* Avon, inticad of two 
/^/rcn 'w .').c fctvmcr edition; he would 



thofe in the Appendix) are but few| and 
{o undoubtedly the Reviewer meant to 
fay. As I am very converfant with all 
tlie Ute editions of Shakfpeare, who has 
been long my tavourite poet, and had 
newly cuiiie from the perufalol Mr. Ma- 
lone's volumes, in every one of which I 
had been much pleafed with Ending fe- 
veral illuArations of obfcure paiTages and 
obfolete cuftoms, that were to me en- 
tirely new, and remembered that Mr* 
M. had mentioned in his Preface, that he. 
had devoted eight years to this woik, I 
could not lead this alFertion without a* 
ftonifhment. I was indeed fo muclk 
Itruck by it, that I applied to a friend of 
bis to learn how far this Hatement corre* 
ipondcd with the fa£l. The anfwcr waSt 
that the nenxf notes in Mr. Malone's edi« 
tion, excluiive o\ the Appendix, amount 
to at lead three thousands proba« 
bly many mote. 

I (hall not trouble youy Mr. Urban, 
with any comment on this tiflue of mif* 
reprefentation, having no other ob}e£l ia 
view than- to rectify the very erroneous 
account which has been given of a work 
from which I have derived great enter* 
tainment. I ihall "Snly add, that I am 
perfuaded ic has not been laid before the 
publick from any intention to depreciate 



a//o i,»\\ /ijund il)v EiUy o« ihv order rf the late t^i;»t q\ ^Y^iJl^^^Mt^ 'viVvom \V*. 



179^-] Maloac's Shakfpeare. — Fairy Rtn^:. — dnine Mad}u'fi. 4^ 



Rerieirer hts complimcRtcd bv faving, 
that ** his edittOQ is in ever/ re(pc£t fu- 
pcrior to any that has hitherto appeared/' 
out folely Irom the negligence uf the 
MrritcTy who manifeOly appears not to 
have exaiDiQed, wirh any Jeji^ee of care, 
dw volumes of which he hay attempted 
to eoumerare the contents, and to eftt* 
mate the value. To this kind of oegli- 
leoce e?erv literary JuurnaU however 
ably conducted in eencral, is occafionallv 
liable. ^ 



them, as I cannot hope for fuccefs where 
fo many mighty have fallen ; yet I mud 
think your corrcfpnndenr, who attri- 
butes them to grubs loofeningthe earthy 
has at lead a plauHble reaf(>n for his 
opinion. I do not rccoilc£l whether any 
of your correfpondcntii mention the 
ftate of the earth where they appear. 
Are they particular to places not much 
frequented, or by cattle only? The 
meadow abovementioned is interfedted 
by paths on every fide, and trodden by 



In every Review of former editions man and bead. Was that the cafe thirty 



of Sbakfpcarcy copious cxtrafls have 
been given from the various volumes. 
Why none have been made in the pre> 
feat inflance, except from the Appen* 
oiXy it is not difficult to afTign the rea<- 
foo. Before judicious extradls can be 
nade from books, they mull be care- 
fully read. To fay nothing of the \\- 
luArationt which the new commentary 
OB the plays aflfo'd,*— the very curious 
account, in the Hiftury of the Stage, of 
the Court entertainments for 18 years, 
in the reigns of James and Charles I. \ 
the difcovery made by Mr. M, tlut 
Speoler had a penfiun uf 50I. a yciir 
ftom Q^ecn Elisabeth, contiary tu the 
uniform tradition on ihatfubjcdt; the 
cbionological liO& of the plays of v^df- 
finger, Shirley, and D'Avenant, atcer- 
raining precifely when each of their 
pieces appeared 1 the lill of plays writ* 
tea folely by Fletcher, many of which 
have been long fuppofed the joint* pro- 
4u£lion of him and Beaumont ; the va 



o»* forty yc.^rs fiiice"* > and is it to be 
fuppofed ihit the abfence of the Rings 
may be occafioned by the rough treat- 
ment the grafk daily meets > Perhaps 
one vcrfed in the fubjedt mi^ht obf^rrve 
traces which efcjped the notice of, 
Yours, &c. J. P. Malcolm. 



Mr. Urban, 



Jilff. IQ. 



THE world is much in<lcb:ed to 
your benevolent correfpondent V'c- 
rus, p. 1004, for commuaii\i;:ng a re- 
medy againll that mcill dreadful of all 
diforders, that which anfcs from the 
bile of a mad dog. Your Mifccllany 
extends fo widely, thdt the ett'c£ls of it 
may liappily be iouud by many. Hut it 
appeal s to be a remedy which it will be 
in vain to look for before the month of 
May I aiid after that, perhaps, few will 
be able to t^nd the beetle JcCcribed, and 
fewer will fallow all the «hreilion3 giv« 
en for the management of it. It is in- 



deed to be hoped that tome medical gen* 

rions difcoverics relative to ShakfpcHre's tiemen iii the country wt ! have the pub- 

•defcend^nts and friends j the brief reca- lie fpiiit (I may call it) to provide the 

pituiation of Mr. Malont'& arguments nudxine; thofe in town cannot do ic 

relative to the three parts of K. Htury themfelvc-o, from the places where only 

fh which is found at the end of that the b-wc'Jcs are to be found. Butif thcie 

Eflay : all thefc, and many other p.^r- is a remedy at all times near at hand, 

ticulars equally curious, iiood out fo which requires noikiU in the compofuion, 

prnmiuenc from his woik, that they little art in the application, ihouid not 



could DOC fait to (iiike the mot\ fu per- 
ietal obferver. Yet of all thefe not one 
word is faid. Philalethes. 



Mr. Urban, 



Jan, 9. 



HAVING noticed a query in vol, 
LXl. p. loSS, relating to Fairy 
Rings having once been numerous in 
(he meadow between Ifliogton and Ca- 
Boabury, and whether there weie any 
It this' time ^ and having never iccn 
thole cxriaordinary productions, whe- 
ther of Nafure or of animnis ; curiodty 
led me on a late fine day to viiit the 
ibovc fpot in {^^^ch of them j but 1 was 
^bppointeJ* There are none there 



the gentleman, who happily thought of 
making the experimenr, make the eifc£l 
of it as public as poffible.' That there 
has been a complete cure after the hy- 
diophobiahad got to tlie moft dreadful 
height, by giving oil internally, and 
rubbing the body all over with it, I arn 
alfuied. If the very refpe£lable phyQ- 
ciaa whoprcfcribcd the application reads 
your book, 1 hope, for the fake of man- 
kind, that he will fend you a full ac« 
count of the procefs. 

If the abfoiption of the o\\ has.fuch 
an efi'e6t in this cwfc \ \{ iV\c ^\>(of^\\otl 



, ^ ,- . ^ * Aiifw. In fotiuj Jri^vee ixvsas, Yjw\.c«* 

/ ibBJI not attempt to account for ulaly not fo rouclx Co ^s At prctf'.xxl* ti>iT • 



^ 



44 MetUcal ^ery §n Cun ef Canine M^dneft.'^Mr. Flo€id. [Jam 

of fait liat it as defcribcd by your corre- would not operate much more power* 

fpondent, p. 1003 ; allow me, who fully to flop the fpreading of a mortifi- 

koow nothing of medicine, to aik, whe- cation, than the internal exhibition df 

ther theabforpcionofbark, fromawarra the bark can do, when it has fo farts 

bath wherein a proper quantity of bark travel before it can reach the place <tf 

had been infufed, which could be ap* itf deAination ? 
plied immediately to the part affc£led. Yours, tee. Q:^ X« 

BIOGRAPHICAL ACCOUNT OF THE LATE MR. FLOOD. 

(C$ncl4ded from v§i, LXL p. 123 2. J 

THE altercation between Mr^ Flood and Mr. Grartan, 06t. 28, 1783, has already 
been deuiled* On the following Saturday, Nov. 1, Mr. Flood fpoke as follows t 

'' Sir, proper, but that the order of the Houfe forbids 

<< I wifh to take the earlieft opportotuty of a reference to the debates of a former day.] 

fpeaking a few words to you, and addrefling Mr. Flood. — <f I take thii matter up, upoo 

a few to the Houfe, upon the fuuation in the ground of an interruptod debate ; it is in 

which I left this Houfe lad Tuefday. Yoo that light it comes within order. I have a 

heard, fir, and tlte public heard me, the right to begin where 1 was interrupted \ but^ 

fubje^, as I think, of an unwarranted at- fir, there are fome cafes of fo particular ana* 

tack. I rofe to defend myfelf, I am fure ture, that a flrifl adherence to a general or« 

with temper. I am not lightly moved, and dcr would be the lieight t)f injullice. Ju the 

I think I ihould be lightly moved .indeed iif attack made upon my perfon, another mem- 

t could have been moved by thac I was, ber went back, not only to the argiunents oC 

however, imerrupted, though 1 did not bring two or three days before, but to the condu^ 

any fictitious fubjeA before you, or fet out of twenty years antecedent ; — therefore, fir, 

without the lead appearance of any argu- I hope, tliat if animatlverfions of twenty years 

ment. In confequence of this interruption, are allowed to one, I may have an opportu* 

fir, I left the Houfe ; but foon afterwards 1 nity of referring to arguments ufed three days 

vndertand, that the Houfe thonght proper to ago. With refpeft to that period of my life, 

fry, they would give me liberty to proceed, which i& difpatched by the word intemperate, 

and 1 wilh to take the earlieft opportunity of 1 beg gentlemen would confider the hard fitu- 

retumir)g them my thanks for that permif- ation of public characters, if that is to be 

iion/ At the fame time, fir, that I return their treatment : that period takes in a nunv- 

my thanks for that permiition, 1 hope tliey ber of yeais, not lefs than fixteen, in wh*ch 

.will fuffer me to render it not an empty in- there were five adminiftrations, and in which 

dulgence, but, upon the prefent occafion, to the puhhck were pleafed to give me their feiw 

take up ihe fubjeA whete I left it the laA; tence of appiobatiun. Sir, it includes, for I 

night. — [Mr. Toler rofe to order ; but Mr. wifh to fpeak to faCls, not to take it up upon ' 

Flood proceeded.] I hope gentlemen will epitliets, it includes the duke of Bedford's, 

not interrupt me : when they find me going lord Halifax's, the duke of Northumberland's^ 

out of order, — when they hear me drawing lord Hertford's, and lord Townftiend*s. 

fictitious charaClers, let them (top me ; when *< Now, fir, as to the faft of intemperancCi 

I fay any thing nn parliamentary— when I en- I will Aate to you how that llai>ds, and let 

deavour to rjscall the afi)erity of that day, the gendeman fee how a plain tale (hall put 

which, whiUt 1 dtfpife, I muft difapprove. him down. Of thofe five adminiftrations," 

1 rife in defence of what I think an injured there were three to whicli I was fo far from 

character. As I have endeavoured to defend giving an intemperate oppofition, that I coukl 

the rightt of this country for twenty-four not be faid, in any (enfe of the word, to op« 

years, I hope they wiU permit vf^ to defend pofe tliem at all j I mean the three fiiit. i 

my reputation. certainly voted againft ttie fecretary of the 

** My life, fir, lias been divided into thi^ee day, but oftener voted with him. In lord 

parts, and it has been difpatched by three epi- Hertford's adminiftiation, I had attained to a 

thets: one part, fir, that which preceded certain view and decid^ opinion of wliaK 

lord Harcourt'badminiftration; another which was fit, in my mind, to be done for tht9 

paired between lord Harcpiut's and lord Car- country. J lud f;xed upon tliree great ob- 

lifle's; and tlie third, which is fubfequent. jeAs of public utility. I endeavoured to ats 

The firlt has a fummary juftioe, or injufticc tain thehi with tlut fpirit and energy with 

flone to it, by l>eing faid to be intemperate ; which it is my chamfter and nature to fpeak 

the fepond is treated in like manner, by being and to aA| as I rouft uke tlie difadvantaget 

iatd to be venal; aiul the conduft of the third of my tiature, I will take the advantages of 

is (aid to be that of an inceDdiary»''-T{M'r. it too. Theft three great objeds were ra- 

P^Hara, ro order; it is agnnft order to fpeal; fifted by that adminiitfation.. What wai 

pf what paHai an a fitrmer day, not that any ttia confec^uencia t K conflivSl vo^ W.vit«v 

^iijg tiie hoD. fienclcmofi has (aid utiy is'ux^^ t)^ |^\n\'v^^\ftr.<wn ajoiX XP<^ \ X^va. x^cosl ca\>2^J9w 



'79^*1 Si$grapbical A<c9unt §/ the lau Henry Flood, Efy. ^j 

•mt< DOC lobe called oppofition on my part % tooc [Mr. Peihaml, nnr ihall I bate aiif. 
vot ic oogte ntfaar co be called oppoficioa oa ** Now, fir, I ftiall beg leave fhoitljr lo 
theirs I i wtf the propouoder, anil thejr re* ftaie che manner in which I accepted that 
fifted my pr^wfitioos. This may be ailed a office, wliicliy 1 give you my word, I never 
conlBiAy DOC an oppolklon to that admini- will refume. It was odered to me in the 
AntioD. What were thofe three ofajeAs ? mod honourable manner^ with an aflonneB 
One was to prwe that the cooftitution of not only of being a placeman for my oim 
pariiamcnt in this kingdooi did ftill exift; pi-ofit« but a minifter for the beneAt of of 
that it had not been taken away by the law oJF country. My anfwer war, that I thoogte, 
Poyning, but that it was an infamous per- in a cooftitution fuch as oiirs* an iotercaorfe 
mton of that ftatute, by which the cooili- between tlie prince and the fubjedt ought to 
tatioo had fuffu^. The otlier was the be honourable ; tlie being a minifter ought to 
eftabUthmentofaconftuutional military force redound to a man's credit; but I lamented 
in ftiperadditicin to chat of a Handing army, that it oftm happened otherwife. Men in 
The only idea that ever occuned to England, office often gave up thofe principles which 
or any free country of EuropCi I adoiiced, tliey maintained before. 1 toUl them, thera- 
nanelyv that of a conflitutional militia. At fore, that my objedions were not to tlie go- 
that tine, the idea of a volunteer force had ing into office, but to following the examplei 
not arifen ; therefore, I adopted the idea which I had fometimes feen before me. I men- 
whkfa at that time appeared to be the heft, tioned the public principles 1 held ; I (aid, if 
The third great objeA 1 took upas neceflary cmififtently with tlmfo principles, from aa 
for this c&mntry, was a law fur limiting the atom of which I would not depart, I could 

be of fervice to his Majefty's Government, I 
was ready to be fo ; 1 fpeak in ihe prefisooB 
of men who know what 1 (liy to be tme. 
After tlie grant of the office had arrived ia 
this kiiigd(»m, I fent in writing to the Chief 
Governor, tlut I would not accept iC| oolafr 
upoti that principle. 

'< Tliiis, fir, I took office t the preceding 
admiiiiO ration 1 uppufed only in part of it ; in 
the iirft feffion nf l(>rd Townlhend 1 did not 



duration of parliaments. Thefe were three 
t, falucary, and uoble objedls, worthy mi 



tlie enlarged mind of an enlarged country. 
1 purfoed them with anlour, 1 do not deny 
it; buc I did not purfue them with intem|ie- 
nnce i 1 am fure I did not appear to tlie pub- 
lick to do fo; they gave my exertions many 
flattering teftimnnies of ilieir approbation.— 
There is anotiier proof that I was not intem- 
perate ; 1 was fuccefsful ; intemperance and 



mifcarriage are apt to go together, but tern- oppofe : 1 never oppofed lord Townlhend till 



|>erance and fuccefs are allbciated by nature. 
Tliis is my plain hiftory with regard to that 
perHid. The dumfinelGi or vinilence of in- 
vciitive m.iy require to be ftieatlied in a bril- 
liancy of diClion, but plain truth and plain 
leni'e ai e beft delivered in plain terms. 1 now 
come to tliat period in which lord Harcouit 
governed, and which is ftigmatized bv the 
word venal. I fay lord Harcourt's, ror in 



after bis prorogation and proteft. This ap- 
peared to me an infamoas violatioq of the pri- 
vileges of parliament, with regard to money 
bills; and after tliat proteft, by which he ea« 
deavoured to m:tke the journals of the Hoafb 
of J>>rdS| inftead of being tlie record of their 
privileges, the monument of Uieir difgrace^ 
1 oppol'ed him. Now what did I oppofe in 
that admioiftration ^ 



oppofe 
The viol.ttion of the 



my confideration of his adminiftration, I will privilege of this Houfe, with regard to mo* 



include tlut of lord Townfhend. If every 
m»n whu accepts an office is venal, and an 
apoftate, 1 certainly cannot acquit myfelf of 
the charge, nor is it neceilary, — 1 (hould have 
fo many ailbciates in the crime; if ever there 
was a crime in w hat multitudes wo\ild defend^ 



ney-hills, and the wanton augmentation o£ 
offices, by the divifion of the board of Com- 
miffioners into two paits. 1 n lord Harcouit'c 
adminiftration, what did 1 do } 1 had tht 
two bo.u^ of Commitlioners reduced again 
into one. 1 do not fay my fingle voice ef- 



I am fenfible multitudes and majorities would felled tlits, but, as far as it liad any efficacyi 



not be wanting to defend th:>t. But 1 fay 
either it is a crime, or it is not ; — if it be a 
crime univerfally, let it be univerially afcrib- 
ed. But, fir, 1 iay it is imH fair that one fee 
of men ftiould be treated by that boo. mem- 
ber as great friends ai^d lovers of their coun- 
try, notwithftanding they are in office ; and 
aooClier man, becaufe he was in office, (hoiild 
Le treated as an enemy and an aimftate..-*. 
But what is the tnith } £very thing of this 
fort depends upon the principles on which 
office is taken, and on wliich it \i retained ; 
with regard to me, Lcit no mai> imagine i am 
preaching up a doctrine for my own conve- 
nience; tilery is not a tn2D lets cun rented ff| 
the profusion o//L I ha ve no u c*it} wUU 



it infifted on having the twelve Conuniffion* 
ers again reduced to feveii, and Ute two 
boards to one ; a faviog, including tbe whole 
arrangeiment, of twenty thoufand pounds a 
ye.v to the nation. It went furtlier; it in* 
iiWeA to have every altered money-bill thrown 
out, and Privy Council money-bills not de- 
fended by the Crown. Thus, inftead of giv- 
ing fanction to tlic meafures I h.id oppofed^ 
my conduct was in faA to regifter my prin- 
ciples in the records of the Court, to make 
the Frivy Council a witnefs to the privileges 
of pariiamcnt, and to give final energy to the 
tenets With which I commenced my political 
iife. (Economy d\v\ uoi i\o^ vt'vCtvvXv^ \«^>ai> 
tiun of t he ConiiTU\\\cxierk.bua^«. TYa iS:^X 



46 



Biographical Account of the late Henry Flood, Efq, [JaO» 



order to depreciate that GBConomy, faid, tfiat 
we haO fwepc with the feather of oeconomy, 
the pens and paper oft your tablet : a pointed 
amd a brilliant exprelfion is farfrnm a ju(t ar- 
foinent. This country has no reafon to be 
aOuuned of that fpectes of oeconomy, when 
'the great nation of Great Britain has been 
fiUif^ to defcend to an oeconomy as niinnte. 
If either, fir, was this all ; it is nut my fault 
if infinitely more was not done for this coun- 
try upon that occafion ; they were offered a 
laving y they did not chufe to rake it ; they 
were ofiei^ed tlie Abfentee-Tax, and they 
refufed it ; I am not to blame for that, it was 
a part of the laving propofed. If admini- 
ilration were wroog on tliat occafion, they 
were wrong with the prejudices of half a 
century ; they were wrung with every jjreat 
writer that had ever written upon the fubje^ 
of Ireland ; they were wrong with fome of 
the plaineil priiicipleSi as it fecni«, of human 
nature, in their favour. I will fupj^ofe tlie 
^eterminatimi not to accept it to have been 
right ; (till it was meritorious in ailminidra- 
tion to otfisr it ; and to (hew that I was not 
wider any undue influence of office, I ap- 
peal to the mem(»ry of m.«ny men prefcnt — 
whether, when the difpnfiti.on of the Houfe 
was made to alter upon tlut fuhjeA, and 
when adminill ration yielded, not unwilling- 
ly, to the violence of parliament, 1 np)H:al 
to the confcious and public knowledge of 
niany, whether I did veer ,nnd turn about 
with the Secretaiy, or whether 1 did not make 
a manly Aand in favour of that piinciple, lif- 
ter having pledged myfelf to the puHick ? I 
would rather break with a million of :.dnu- 
niilrations than retradl. 

1 not only adhered to it, Init, by a Angular 
inftance of exertion, 1 forced it a fecond time 
under the confuleration ot this Houfe. That 
this benefit was loll to this country, if it be 
a benefit, was not my fault. One thing I mnft 
go back to: 1 had repeatedly pielled ti.e bill 
for hmiting the duration of Pailianr^enls. 
In loid Towiifhend'b time I brought it in 
toally, and crowned it with fuccefs ; thus I 



Aead of relinquifhing my principles, I pr0- 
ferved them. lufleid of getting a minority 
to vote for them, I brought tlie majority to 
give an efficient fandtion to their truth t by 
entering into office upon that occafion, and 
acting as I did, I aAed the part of an houeft 
minifter between the prince and tlie people i 
in doing fo, I think I was more a patriot than ify 
outof office,! had made empty declamationson 
empty fubje^s, without any advantage to tbe 
publick. Moft of thofe who hear me can re- 
collet the flate of this kingdom at the pibfe of 
Lord Townfhend*s adminiftration ; I appeal 
to them all, and I alk what was tlien ny re- 
pute in the nation. I will not fay it was the 
firll, or the fecond, or the third ; but did it not 
iland in an h(Miourable rank, and among tbe 
foremoft rather than amun^the lad ? In Lord 
Harcourt's governnxnt, the vice-treafum*- 
(hip was ottered to mc, accompanied with 
every declaration that coiiUl render it accept- 
able to an honourable mind. \V hen tliat office 
was offered to me, was my fitiution that of 
a reprobaretl nun r Did the Adminiftration of 
England fend over an ollk* ufually referved 
for the Pai liament of Hngland, and offer it, 
of their own acconi, to a j-ej"»robated man? I 
take the fadts of both countries to difpruve 
this calumny. Is it finiel l>avc l»ecome a mark 
of obhK]uy ? I fl.itter niyfrtt not. lord Cuck- 
ir)ghaniihii e's admitiiilr.iiion fucceedcd.— 
Wiih rcgi'.rd to Lord Harcourt's adminiltra- 
tion, ttie obje(fli«n is, 1 did too much { the 
charge with regard Ut the other if, I did too 
little for it : thc'etuoaccuf.itions lun a little 
in contrary diiedlion, and, tike a double poi- 
fon, cacti may cure tlie o|>era:i(ni of tlie other | 
but the (uti is this : I adted not upon vifions 
and imagiiialionr, but on found common 
fenfe, tlic bed gift of GihI to man; which 
then told me, and Hill wlnf[>er5, that fomt 
admi niilrations defervea morcaclive fupport 
than utliers; that fume .idininitlrations de- 
fer\'e a more adlive opi>ofition than others; 
and tliat fome deferve little of eittter. I 
adapted my conduct to thofe three condi* 
tioiis; I did notru'i headlong arjiinfl Govern* 



reilored to iVe univerfal community of Ire- nient .it one time, and with Govenmient at 

land, a right of which they had been robbed anottier, but adapted my com'u^l as 1 ought 

forne.irareiTtury ; namely,ttieirfu-(landfnu- to do, to what I faw and what I felt. Did I 

damental frauchifeasele^tors, without which fupport Lord Harcouit ? Why' Becauic he 

this Ho\ife is but a ihadow. And thus after gave nic an influence in his councils. It is 

having reflorcd that root of all their other nonfenfe to fay, a man is not to fupiiort 

rights in lord Townfhend's adminiflration, his own amncils ; but the next adminillra- 

after having leflored oeconomy, and reduced tion took another dire^ion, and ihcy did 



twelve commifUoners to feven in Lord Har- 
court's, I went on to the other great roeafure 
which 1 have mentioned, the Militia Law; 
and when a Right Hon. Gentleman (Mr. 

. Ogle) moved that queilion, I en.^ged all tlie 
intereft 1 could with Government in behalf 
of it. 1 rufe up to fecoud hib mi>tion, and de- 
clared I would fupport him and his Miliiia 
Bill to tlie laft ; accordingly, 1 gave him the 
a/ff/bujce of my /v^oriabours-, and it was car- 

ricd s thas ikercfiHQ, fir, 1 fay that in that 
uoUir^ijoa ia which I accvptcd olTice, iar 



not give me any influence in their coun- 
cils. What was the confeciuence ? 1 did 
not give them fupport. Was there any 
thing more fair ? I felt myfelf a man of too 
much fituation to be a mere place-man. If 
not a minifter to ferve my country, 1 woulil 
not be the tool of fal.-uy. What was the con- 
fe<pience } I voted witti them in matteis of 
importance when they w er« clearly right ; I 
voted againll them in matters tff iiii|x>i tanre 
whenl\veY wevcc\eaT\^ >kvo\n^\ ?co(\"vcv tc\«.- 
teri of {ma\V rftonvttvw. V ^vii U1J^ n\*.c *dS.^ \ ^^^^ 



I792>] Bitpafbtcal Account aftht late Henry Flood, Ej'q. 



47 



vkbyr I fcor'eil, by voting for them in fvich 
oDjctri^ lo (cem to pay them court. To vac 
iptnil ihem in fuch matters would hive been 
aSi'iinl. Wh:it lenuined } Not to vote at all. 
Ujna call tli.it .iSiViHuling, going behind the 
chjir, orelc.tpiii^ into the conidorei call :1 
wti t you plcaf^', I faY it was right. 
This IS my pUin way of de duig ; it )< com- 
mn iVnfe. I toM Lord Buckin;;h.ini(hirc, I 
would net attvsnd t!'i« cabinet councils of the 
iiSe Mr.HeixMi. Wa^ tliat iluplicityr 1 thinlw 
out. 1 did mure; 1 fent my rcii^.tation to 
En^hnd. to til*. r.tme friend thio-.i^h w!)om 
Ac nril cornmuiiicati'ni wa> nia^e to r.itr on 
thitf f'jhiedl of ni^icc ; b;/., fcom idcis of 
friendihip to me, lie took. t:me to conruier, 
and ji leitgcli dccliii^'d to ddiver my refi^'ia* 
liuii. 1 luve faid fumething to i!t'j middle 
period; I ihall come to :hc third, viz. Lcrd 
C«riifle*» admiiiiilratiou; in w:;i«.Ii my ciui- 
dud !a« been fl.-indereil .is the ccuidudl of an 
iaceikui«r\'. W lien th.tt idea to:>k pl.ice in 
Cnme minJS| I i-u'iiiot tcU ; but this I am fure 
«f,— th.v^ tl'.e Right Hop.. Geii:I:man who 
cepi'iired me w&s called an incendiaiy at ih:tt 
limCf and fo ;i«:rhaps micht 1; hut I am hue 
iheRi^lu Hun. Gent, at tliat time did not 
chiok me an i:ivcnd.ary anv more than him- 
deir. There u-.u not a fiii-'.le inil.mce in which 
be i)id not C(.- operate wi:h me. If I am an 
incendiary, I il::ill gladly .iccept, therefore, of 
(tx fi^iety uf thAt Right Hon. Cent, under 
the jamc appirllation. Hot lie l.iuglied at the 
foliy of the acculntion at that time, and fo 
do I now. If I W.IS an incendury, it was for 
moving wiuit tlic P.nrliaments of botii king- 
il«^s have !i:ice given tlitir fandlion to : — if 
iY:i is to bw' ,'n incendiary, God grant I may 
c-.iLin:ie f o ! In lh;S .idminiftr.ttion it w<iS 
WjX. 1 wa!» difmilfed from office; now, fir, I 
Jii not knovv tliat, in general, my da'aiillion 
liom offr.cc w.is tlumght any difgr.ce to mc: 
I i'o:i.)t(l link tills Houfe or the Nation llu)ii;?:ht 
iT.e il.:1io-joiii ed by that difniiirion. The fiiil 
tl^y I I'.c :' lied th-ife fcntimeats for which I 
W--. di/iliilird, — / remtmiftr if Wiil — Itlioujiht 
it Jor mv ion-nr^ — foiiie very honourable ;ind 
w'Hthv /rdtlemen, ftmie fince de.ul, and 
f>>me Hiii alive, one of (hem* whom I (h.ill 
ever love aiul Ih.dl ever l.iment, <iiic ot them 
de.id fiiAc I't every ihin^ hwt hib uwn houwur 
and tlicr '^r.iteful meitioiy of his ccnintry ; o;ie 
of tlicm who thougii': me fo little of tl.j zhi- 
r7.6tcr if an incendiaiy, tlut he cioircil tlie 
HijiitV, t'»ic.:l»cr wiih (tiheis, to coi"ir:r;icu!.'.te 
mc on the lionoiir of my londuct, .\\\A\t> t-m- 
brace rc.c in <»pcn parliament. At '\\.*\ mo- 
merit 1 think 1 ftond tlenr of the i:THiT.'.tu»n 
cf being an iaccndiary. Tlie chnr;.cl?r -»t aa 
incei'.d:.:ry, therefore, fecms to h.ive been 
fiip«rinduced upfni mc of a fudden: it his 
f| routed cit .ind germinated from that i»>ot 
of much evl, the tirtpl: Riprah {\\,z'^ tli.it 
moment only it fcsms ttiac 1 luvcbecn going 



» The Right Hon. Walter II uffhy Rurgh, 
aJicn*'sr»is lord iUicf b.wa ufche exclict^utii; 



down in the opinion of the puh!;ck ; fincc 
th.it moment they have found out that my 
character aiu) conduit dcfcrve all reprobati^Mi, 
and deferve the brand — of being an iiicendi* 
ary; and yet I cm hardly {veval upon my- 
felf to think that is ilie cafe ; bt-caufe, Cinoa 
that mumsnt I have received more hoiiotu- 
ahle tcihmonics, from every comer of the 
kingdom, than that Right Hon. Member has 
received in the fame period. I Ihall return^ 
once more, to the fentimcnts of tliat beloved 
cl.aradler 1 luve iuil dcfcribed. He was a 
man, over wiiofe life, or over wliofe grave, 
Lnvy never hover'd : he v. as a man, wiHiin^ 
ardently to ferve Wz country himfc-lf, hat 
not wilhing to monopoHze the fcrvice; wiHi- 
ing to pai take and to commiuiicite the gloiy 
ofwh.it pafTed. Me g'ave me, in his moti(vi 
for a free tr.ide, a fiill particip.ition of the 
honour. V\xm another occafion he faidf — 
/ rtmnnbtr tbt wardi — tliey are traced with 
the fnKcii (^ O^atitudt on my lteart,"he laid, 
'< that I was a m.in whom tlie moft lucra- 
tive (liTlce in the land lud never warped in 
poi:;t of integiity." The words were mark- 
ed \ 1 am fure I repeat them fairly ; they ar« 
words I ihould be proud to have infcribe4 
u{)ou my tomb. Confider the man fr<uu 
whom th^y came; confider the magnitude 
of the fubic^ on vxliich they were fpokens 
confiucr tlie filuation of the pcrfons coii- 
ceiTiCi!, ai.d it add^ to, and multiplier* the h(»- 
no.ir. My Noble riiend,— I liCg p.u'don, lie 
did not li'.e :o tx; eiUtuhK'd by patent, but h« 
was born ennobled by Nature, — hiit fituatioa 
at th.1t nu>meiit was this : he: had fonnd him- 
fcif iibli{;c J to fut render otlicc, and enter into 
active oppcifition to that Guvcrnmcni from 
>vliom he had received it. I remained in aU 
fice, thuiic^h undcrt!iecircuniil:iiicc()f!u\io£ 
fent my icfignntion } that he did xuA know ; 
in pohiic'.d pudtioii, therefore, we were con- 
traditlint^nirhcd to e.ich otiicr. He <lid not 
kt:o^v, winle he wa^ doing juftice to me, biit 
tlut he nii;.;l t be di>lii^; poh'icd lietriment to 
himfeif: hrdidnoi know hut he mii'ht iVrve 
ttiK Adniinilti.itioii he opiMifed; but, carcl'.-fs 
of Moy thing except jli^ic^ ;uid hiMioiir, l.c 
gave the i*eucimcnt> iif hi-. Iie.irt, — and lie ap- 
proved, i have mui)tu)iiod, iir, th.it (hoiC 
period during wlilci the i.h.u".i<*tcr ot* .in in- 
cendiaiy, if at .ill .-ipplic ibL* to ir>o,iiuilt have 
conic upwm me \n ihe ogh', like m\ rTKmy, 
aid 'lavc l.ik a me u i iv. ai >."-. I c;t'i't th:nk. 
tlie "pinif.n of i\\c p .bl vk. lo tra-; for»i:ed, 
u'kri 1 I'.'e cv-iy c.»m;'j: ( \ V.i • cw.n ly cx- 
P'c:li"g tht:r ;.ppr. -Mti'. n ni r.v/ c mituct, 
o le .d.ji" .ii:(»:l.cri gii.;' .lud ict|>vil..b!c lo- 
ci-rt'-^ '.f nun, i;j.ii,>aiei vvi'.li vvl.uic i"e::'.i- 
m.iK c.j wlitit^w; ut .ill i.iJr. u ii.il tn/.s i:. o 
ilj:!:.n.,. l-ven tl.ib veiy djv J hi.c lecir. - 
Ci, f: v.io the uniicd Dtlcgalcb ol th- j-i'v-nce 
oiCiit ..iu.;ht, iiiaip:<b.ilion,%v ii!i (iii.- vi nr. 
As tlu-y u\{ircl:t ic, lit .h.it c>iu!i>:t v\ htcli li.is 
bocii il.t-.ulcred ai the c^niv-wct <^i .'u mcciv 
Ji.sry. Here is a co\i;;,\\v.\i;o\\ ol wwa^ wv*. 
Uic oi Wlium 1 have c\'t:c vctv\^ WvvvA\e vA 



i 



4« 



Biographical Acuunt oftha Uii Henry Flood, Efq. [Jan, 



whom 1 hn ve ever a chance of doing a fcr vice, 
who cuiild have nochinj: in contempbtion 
Ihic the doing an a£t of jufttce. Sir, I mxfixfl 
had the fame fanAion from another province, 
that of UlHer. But ic feems f went to Belfaft 
in the charaAer of an incendiary : I went to 
Dungannon in the character of an incendiary. 
Mow I went to neither of thofe places but 
hf an invitation ; and if a perfnn invited be 
an incendiary, what mud thofe be that give 
the invitation ? If I am an incendiary, all 
Ulfter is an incendiary ; if I am an incendiary, 
all Connaught is an incendiary :— with two 
provinces, therefore, at my back, and with the 
Parliament of England behind me, in (heir 
having a)incided honourably and nobly in 
that fentiment which 1 fuftained', I think I 
am not much afraid of any fmgle and folitary 
accufation. But 1 have not only the par- 
liaments of both kingdoms, I lave the judi- 
cial power in my favour. If my doArinc 
w?<: not right. Lord Mansfield's condu6k was 
not right : I afk you, was he wrong r It has 
been laid, he was the enemy of both coun- 
tries on tliat occafion. But has the accufa- 
tion been proved ? Lord Mansfield has many 
political enemies. The Adminillration at the 
time would liave been glad to have proved 
him an enemy to both countries ; yet was 
there a roan in tlie Parliament of England, the 
greateft enemy to that noble Judge, who at- 
tempted to find fault with his conduct ^ After 
having mentioned the judicial pou er, let me 
come to a highly refpeM^table body, the corps 
of lawyers in this country, who, after fix 
months meditation by a committee chofen by 
ballot, gave tlieir fandtion to tlut opinion, 
which is the opinion of an incendiary, if I 
deferve that name. If Lord Mansfield be an 
incendiary, if the Parliament (»f England be 
an incendiary, if the corps of Lawyers are 
incendiaries, if the Ulller Delegates are in- 
cendiaries, if the Connaught Delegates are 
incendiaries, and all ike Societies wlu> have 
joined that opinion throughout the kiiigdi^m, 
—if all of thefe be incendiaries, in the name 
of God let me be added to the numl>cr, and let 
xne be an incendiary trxi. Kut (hough T nuy 
Ve jucb an incendi.it7, I will i)ev<rr be that 
which would ddci V8 ilic name; 1 will ncvitr, 
by any hollow coni^x^fition, lay the fee«Is of 
fiAure dilfention : I u ill go clt .u ly and fully 
to the work, i will be fati^tud whtn faiif- 
feAion is given ; my n.itur« is as prrine to fa- 
tisfad\ion, and as diUant fi oni < hngrin, as that 
of any man. 1 appeal to thofe who know me 
from my childhocnl, tirll at a public fchool, 
then at the univerfity of this kin;;ilum, then 
at the univerfity of Oxford, and afterwards, 
during twenty-four years, taking nu very 
private part within the walls of this houfe. — 
I have fpoken to fa^s. I do not mean to ar- 
raign : any man may be miftakcn ; and 1 wilh 
to fuppofe any man to be really millaketi 
ratbertlmn to he fo intended ly. 1 would ra- 
ider reconcile all fiie# Co the publick, than 
MJjk0 uiuicccUsix divifioia. But though I 



would do every thing a man can do to pre- 
vent dilfention, I cannot be ezpe6led to fa* 
crifice my chara^er to unlimited obloquy. 
Sir, one ctrcumilance 1 mnft mention, as it is 
Somewhat extraordinary : it has been faid, by 
fomeaitthority on that fide of the queflion, tliat 
I am the out-caft of Government, and of my 
Prince ; certainly, fir, my difmifTion firom of- 
fice tvas ntiendetl with the extraordinary dr- 
cumilaiKe of my difmilfion from council ;— 
therefore I fuppofe it is that tlie Rt. Hon. Mem- 
ber has called me the out-caft of Government 
and of my Pri.nce. It certainly, fir, was an 
extraordinary tranfadtion ; but it was done in 
the cafe of ^I^. I'ultC'iey ; it was done in the 
cafe uf the Duke of Devonfliire: therefore I 
fuppofe it will not b^ a decifive proof of aiy 
reprobated or famous chara^er in the perfoa 
to whom it happened. It is the fit ft time k 
has been mentioned to my difadvantage* It 
was in the Houfe of Loids of England men- 
tioned, by a moft refpedlable character, to 
the difadvantage of the Miiiifter Vfho wii 
fnppofed to have done it ; it was tlunight not 
to my difhonour here { it was thougtit not to 
my difhonour in the Houfe of Lords of Ire* 
land, where I have lately received, from a ver^ 
enr^inent Peer, the (andlion of fentimentSYery 
different fiiom thefe. In a word, it is but Che • 
lentence of one tongue ; and upon t!iat tongue 
I leave it. I do not, however, pretend todif- 
pme a rainifterial faA, which a gentleman 
in confidence alleilges. He has been in the 
confidence of the Duke of Portland ; he is at 
much a ininifler as any man who is not in of- 
fice. Thus much credit, therefore,! muftgive 
tn this m:niftcri.il alfei t(pn,<— that I (hall fiml 
it impoffihle for me, under fuch an intcrdiA, 
to pay my refpedh at his Majcfiy*s caftle of 
Dublin, which otherwifc I (hould he prompt 
to difcharge. And I mention it, thus pub- 
licly, ttuit my abfencc may not be interpreted 
into any w ant of the molt perfect duty and 
loyalty tu my Prince, or of the greateft re- 
fpeifl to the Nobleman who prefides there. 
I am not a man formed to court pi ufctip- 
ti(>ii ; I will not feck difgrace ; let it icmain 
ill \iA den ; 1 will not evuke it. 

Sir, I have trefpafleJ too long, and I am 
opprclfi'd with the weiglit and multitude of 
thanks which 1 owe >ouaiid the Houfe. I 
have troubled you too long upon a private 
fubje^li but, with your permiiliiin, I will 
eiuleavonr to make amends cmi the next day, 
by bringing before you a fubje^ of moi e im- 
portance, the CEconomy of the Nation. [Here 
lie paufctj —A then addreffing himfelf to the 
Chnir, fa'>U] 1 beg pardon for what 1 have 
fald { I !iave promifcd t(H> much ; I am in 
your judgement whetltrv I fball do it. Yoii 
have he.ird what has pallied upon my fubjedl; 
I appeal to you. if 1 am tliat charadter tliat 
has been drawn ; if I am that charaAer in 
any degree, 1 do not deprecate your juftice^ 
but 1 call for it ; and exhort you, for your- 
(elves axvd ^'our cuuwU^ ,\o ^cx vxClcA ^tcieisb- 
boi wV\u v;v)'i\»i\jt >MV7ju^V\^l VQ t^X 'WK^^^vv^.^«a• 



179^*1 i?/vf^tc^ •/ Nrm Puhlicathnt. 49 

f. BofwelVi T ifecfT>r, Jotmibn. To purfue the hiP.ory of Jn'sn'on ; 

(CentifsutdJtvm-v^L I,X1. p. \xii.^ " Tlie i»rticuhir dnulc <»f Lis re.idiiig 

MR. BOSVVELL infhrmf us, ^*^'^« ^ Oxfot-.l, in.l Jurlug ilw i.mc of va- 

. cacioii ivhicli lie plfcJ tit lioiii?, L.?n'iot h» 

« At the time when Johnfon was al Pern- j^acrd. Knonshl-i^ l.ccii Oul ■ flu^inv.'ul.ir 

bwke College, the 5lh of Novemhor was mo«Je of «.:<:«•. H- toht mc, ih.ii from i.j« 

kept with great folemiiily, and excrcifcsuiwn ^^,.,|pft ,.e.»i5.' he loved to n-^d poetry, but 

the fubjeA of the day were required. John- hardly e\ or read aiiv p«^cm t > .in end ; thai 

fon neglefteU to perfbrm h:i, x\ h.ch .s much ^c 1 e:id Sluktpcarc \i a pei iod fo eai Iv, tliac 

to be regrcutd ; for his vivacity of miaRina- ^j^^ fp,.^^.,, ^.f jj,^ (^;,„,^ ;„ J laniirt teVnliea 

tion, and force of language, woiilj prohahly ^im whr,» he was alone j th.r Mor.ict^fiOdi* 

hare produced fomethmi: fublimc «p.Hi the ^^.^c rt.c conipani.>.. ; in whicli he tonic moft 

giRpowJer ploc. To aH«»C'/-e lor his ncg- ^jei.j^tu, and it was Iom- betf .re he liked his 

lea, he gave a Ihort copy of .vcrfcs calkd ppirti- 9 an.I Satirer.. lie t. !.l me w^.at h9 

Swiluf^s^ coniamms a common thought j rc.\d JcriiJJy at Oxford was Greek ; not the 

•that the Viifc had come to him in his Grecian inilorians but Homer and Enhpi- 

•fleep, and that it did not hect.mc him to ^^^^ .j„^i ^^^ j,„j j,,^,, 3 i^]^ epigram ; 

« UTite on fucli fubjeas ai i>oliticks ; he ^,^^^ ^j,^ ^^j ^^ .^hich he w..r. moll fond of 

I fhould confiiie himfelf to humbler thcnie-.. ; ^.^ Mctaphylicks, but he luul not read much, 

but the vcrfificjiiion was tmly \irgilian. e,.^.„ ;„ ^i,,^ ^^ay. Or. Adam Smith, than 

Having given fuch a fpecimen of hi5 poetical ^i,^^ fe.y ^rc better judges on thi. iuhjcft, 

powers, he was aikcil by Mr. Jorden to y„ce obfervcd to me tliat • lolinfon knew 

tnaflau Pope's Mefliah into Latin verfe, as . „y,.<, y^^^ jj^^,, a,^y ^^.^ ,.1.,.^.. Hc had a 

aChriftmasexercife. Hepcrfbrmed it with pcculiarfaciliiy infeizmgator.ccwhatwa va- 

Dncumnum rapidity, and m fo mafterlv a hj.-blc iuany book,^viilM>ut fiibmittitigio tha 

Bianncr, that lie obtained great applaufe fn»m ^^^ ^f pet ufmg it from beginning to end." 

i:. winch ever after kci>t lum liigh in the « j^^ „^ j^l ^ ^,0^0 ardent love of lite- 

eftimation <if his College, and, indeed, of all ratorc, or a hii;her refpc^l for it, tliaii John- 

Ibe Univerfr.y. It is faiJ, ihat Mr. Pope ex- fo,^. His apartment in Pembroke CoUegt 

preOed himfclf concerning it in ftrong terms ^3, ^i^^ „p,m il,e fecond floor, over the 

uf approbation. Dr. Taylor told me, that gaicway. The enihufiails uf learning will 

» was firft pi inted for old Mr. Jolmion, with- ever contemplate it with veneration. Oiio 

j CNU the knowledge of his fon, who was very ^i^y, while he was fitting in it quite alone, 

aajry wlien lie heard it. A mifccllnny of Dr. Panting, then matter of tlie College, 

' Poems, coltcAed by a pcrfon of the name of w|„„„ |,c called *a fine Jacobite fellow,* 

Hufbands, was pubhftied at Oxford in 1731. overlieard him uttering this foliloquy in his 

In that mifc«llaiiy Johnfon's Tranflation of ftrong emphatick voice : * Well, 1 have a 

the Meifiah appeared, with this modcft mot- , ^ind to fee what is done in rther places of 

to fn«i Scahgcr's Rueticks, Exaiiem ingemo t leamiug. Til go and vifit the Univerfities 

Forfj, «/«> tantioH lerjipc.uor:' , abroad. I'll go to Fr.ince and Italy. Ill 

Thus far have we been copious in ' go to Padiia -— And I'll mind my bufinefs. 

exira£V, as the early ftate of Johnfon's ' l*'or an j^hr-an blockhead istlic word of 

life is ihat to which the world has been * a^^ blockhc uls,.' Dr. Adams told me, tkiC 

Boft a ft ranger. \Vr arc forrv to add, J«>Jmf;»n, while he w.ii at Pembrc.kc Cc^llcse, 

"The 'morbid nid.mC oly' which was * was carclfeil aivl loved by all about him, was 

lurking in his conftiiution, and to which we * •* ?■'>' ^'^^ frolicklo.nc fellow, and palfed 

mav afcrihe tlu.fc particularities and that a- * ^''*^»^ ^*'^' h ippicrt part (;f h.s l.fe/ Uut this 

ierfu.n to re^u'ar life, whicli. at a very early ^^ a ftrikmr. proof of U;e f .llacy of appc:a-. 

period, marked his ckiradU-r, gath'jre*! fiich *"^<^5, and how little any ..f us know irf the 

ftreni;t:» ir. his iwcntieili year, as to affl.tft "^^ internal fta'e even of tliofc wlK>ni we 

him in a dreadful manner. While hc was at ^" "^"^ frequently ; for the truth is. that 

LKhficld. in the College vacatioo in 1729, >'« ^^''^ ^*«" depi'Jircd hy p«)veiiy. ..id :::-i- 

he felt hiirfelf ovciwlK-hncd with an horri- ^'^'«^^ ^y ''^■*'''^^'^- ^^'^'-" ^ mr"i:o:-(! :o I-in 

kle hypochondria, with pcrpcuial irrilr.t <mi, this .nccti:iit .-. -iv^n me \:t Dx. A- irr^s W: 

fretfulnefs, r.nd impatience; and with a dc- ^"'^'- * *'■'' ^'^ ' * ^^ ^* :r- .i .-i:t. vsr.L ;.•- It 

jeciion, gloom, and defpair, which made '^■■•'' b.v.nK:l^ ui'.irj;. il.ty m.:V..jk f >■. Tio- 

exiftence mifcry. From this difmal maUdv * '" '^- * '^^- "' " =''''>' ^ "'* ' '■'' * ''!«'"'■'- 

he never aftei wards was perfectly relieve*!'; ' to 1-ml or/ v.ay =7 ..y h'.i.'uie •. :i.y 

and all his labours, und all his fni(.yrr.ent-., ' ^^'^ » ''» * '■♦" - ** '* - P^'^'' •■'' ' • •' ■ "" 

were hut temimiary imerruptions of is b.d«- ! ^*'"' ='>*■' ' ■ ^'•^"! *'' ' '= ''''••«*' "^''■» •' * 

ful indueuce." *** '^ ii.::.!" !•» n»e, * 1 .'-'j ] 1 .a;;;:'.* liv lv*--. .;i 

,^ .t •- 1 I ^« n /• 11 1 r • VC?:ii.^ til'." iU 01 ar.il rcil'".v.. h.v. I<':iii-';"lt.ri 

On this head Mr. BoArell makes fomc . „,,,>,,j. ■,„, , ,,,, ,,,,rj l..m ...>, 

admirable and truly phiiofophicai re- * v.lui.u:. l.i to ;■•.: p.u.p.o: : . .h h.u.uu a 

flexions J With nice difcninMiaiicns 0/ ' :;,« .nefot v nu -l^^- v.a,'Vv m\ O.^;;. .:.v\..t.c, 

LrlclanchoJj^^W A/-.//,r/i, , tiicRcv. \ViU:.ir. /-.a.v..., I). V- v.^- > ^-^^^ 



Camt. Mao. ^ajtuarf, '79** 



ft •\ 






5« 



Riview •f New Pubruaiion$i 



[Jan. 



« then very yoangy anJ one of the junior fcl- humiliar'mg circumftanct was perceived by 

< lows; that the mild» but judicious expoftu* Che Chrift^hurch-meii, and he came no 
' bcions of this worthy vMon, whofe viitue more. He wiis too pfxrad to accept of roo- 

< awed him, and whofe learning he revered, ney, and fomehody having fdt a ^nir nf new 
« made hm really aihamed i^f himrelf (hues at his dooo he tlii-ew them away wiili 
' * thougli I fear (did he) 1 was too prouit to indignaiion. 
« own it/ ] linve heard from fome of his 
« ct»i«miioi-ariesthat he was generally feen 

♦ lounging at the college gate, with a circle 

* of young (Indents rooiul him, whom lie was 

* entertaining with wit, ami keeping from 

• their (luiHes, if not fpiriting them up to 
•i-ebellion ag:unft the college difcipline, 

♦ which in his maturer years he fo mucli ex- 
« lolleil/ 

•* He contraAed a love and regard for 
Pembn*ke College, whidi he ret<iined to the 
Lilt. A ihort time befoi e his death he Cent 
Cu that college a prefent of alt his works, to 
he depofited in their library, and he had 
thoughts of leaving it his houfe at Lich- 
Aeld i but his friends who were about him 
▼cry properly diffnaded him fi om it, and he 
Hequeathed it to fome |)oor relations. He 
took a plenfure in boalting of tlic many emi- 
libnt men who had been educated at Pem- 
broke. In this lift are found the names of 
dpenfer, Mr. Hawkins the Poetry ProfelTor, 
Mr, Shenl\one, Sir W illiam Rl^ckftone, and 
cithers *, not foi geuing the celebrated popu- 
lar iveaclicr Mr. Gcorpe Whitfield, of 
wlMtm though Dr. Johnfon did not think 
very highly, it m^ift he nckivm-ledged that 
His clcKiuenre was powerful, Ins views pious 
and charitable, his afliduity almoft incredi- 
ble ; and, tliaC fince his death, the integrity 
of his character has been fully vindicated. 
Being himfelf a )>oct, fohnfon was peculiarly 
happy in mentioning how many of the fons 
<^ Pembroke were poets; adding, with a 
fmile nf fportive triumph, ' S>0 we are a nefl 

* of finging birds.* He was not, however, 
blind to what he thought defeats of his own 
college ; and I have, from the informatiim 
•f Dr. Taylor, a very ftrong inftance of that 
rigid lioneily which he ever iiiftexibly pre- 
fei'vcil. Taylor luul obtained his father's con- 
tent to be entered of Pembioke, liiat he 
mi^ht be with hi<: fchool- fellow .Johnfon, 
with whom, tlmugh fome years <»lder than 
himfelf, he %%'as very intimate. This would 
have been a great comfort to Joluifon. But 
he fairly told Taylor that lie could not, in 
omfcience. fufTer him to enter where he knew 
he could not have an able tutor. He then 
made inquiry all round the Univerfity, and 
having f[>und that Mr. Batemnn, of Chrift 
Church, was the tutor of higbell reputation, 
Taylor w.is entered of that, college. Mr. 
Bateman's Ic^lures were fo excellent, that 
Johnfon ufe*! to come and get them at fecond 
hand from Taylor, till iiis {toverty being fo 
extreme, tliat his ihoes were worn out, and 
bis feet ap(ieared through them, he (kw tliat 



* See Xuih's Ui&ory i?i W«rccftcri3iiic, 



** The ret anfruflj domi prevented hiin from 
having tlie advantage of a complete academic 
cal education. The firiend to whom lie had 
trufted for fupport had deceived him. His 
del>ts in college, though not great, were in- 
creafing; and his fcanty remitLinces from 
Lichfield, which had all along been mada 
with great difhculty, coiUd be fupplied no 
longer, liis fatlier having fallen into a date of 
infolvency. Compelled, therefore, by ine- 
filiible ncce(!Uy, he left the college inau« 
tnmn 1731, without a degree, having been 
a member of it little muie tlvin three yeuru** 
(70 be coMtmutd,) 

2. CoHrfUffHi tviviudt a DtfjripthH ^if the Ctunty 
cf Devon. /»y »S/r William Pole, of Cot" 
combe </m/Shute, K»i^h/ / who tiitd ytf. D, 
16)5) ; fKtw fiijl priftteii Jrom the jiutb^r'i 
j^ft^taph hi the Vt^pJJirai uf hi* Ufital Dr» 
Junditnt Sir John Willijiin De la PolCy 
Butt, 0^ Shute, <^c, in Devonfliire. 

THIS is the whole of the Coliediont 
towards the Hiftory of Devon Oi ire, fo 
often quoted by Rifdon and Prince, 
which that eminent and fedulous anti* 
quary Sir W, Pole, Kt. began io early 
as 1604, but was prevented by death 
from peifc£ling the exienfive weak he 
meditated* It would have been no 
eafy matter at the period when be lived, 
to have fouud a feconH perfon who pof- 
felled an equal decree of tnduHry and. 
exactitude, had he even enjoyed the faane 
cafie and affluence. 

We cannot give a better account of 
this work than in the words of Mr« 
Prince, who perufed it. 

'* Tlie I>efcriptiofi of Devonfhire, in two 
vohunes in folio m.'tnui'cript, contains an aCf 
count of tlie feveral parilhes in our county 
(beginning at the K.i(\, and coming round to 
the Noith), with ilie rood eminent manors 
that are in them, whofe originally tliey were, 
and whole fnice, tire gentry therein, with tOk 
account of moft of tlieir matches and lilue* 
In the beginning of the hrft volume we luive 
the feveral ancient baronies of this cmintyt 
whofe tliey were, tlie partiailar barons of 
each, and their fuccedors, u>gethcr wich a 
lift of tlie knights of Devon, under tlie fevo- 
r.d kings reigns in which they lived, and of 
the motl famous foldiers an \ llateimen, with 
a catalogue of tlie high (henthi ot this county. 
Thero were feveral other voliunes of MSS 
written by this gentleman and his fon Sir 
John Pole, Bait, (who w;isronch addidted to 
this ingenuous Ihidyyand made fome :idditiuna 



179*-] RiviiW of New Publications. 5« 

a!ll Biiamed in the lime of the late civil ceffion of the fame names, this method 

wtrs in EnrfanJ, a» ! have been informed by ii very different in the nth, lath, iBt^j 

flie «fcot HomiunWe CoL Sir John Pole, and i4ih, centurict. In the want ot 

B«t. foth< the very title* «nd arguments of hiOoric CYidence, a com (truck by trie 

Hiem are perifbed likewife." poffeflbr of a great fief, or the head of a 

The additionc made hj the coHeClor's celebrated church, becomes as miereft- 

fen are diftioguiihed by being printed in 5„g ,, ^ jgcd or fcal. The want of Dc 

iniics*. Boze's MS account of hii colletkion, 

After the above teflimonics in honour h^, j^ft M. D. unairilled in many arti- 

of Sir W. P. the editor makes no fur- cle», and ihclVIarquis de Micreu, whom 

iher apology for throwing thcfc collec- j^jj, prevented from engraving all the 

tioBS open to his friends in general, and anides of his rich cabinet, has made a 

r .1 «* rui,«n in ji^j-rcnt appropriation of fomc coins 



and tne prelates arc noiioamingu>"««^"f 
mem. becaufe moft of them enjoyed ihc right 

, „ py. ' of coining money but a Ihort time, 

J. Traitcdes M»ui^n Jn Baru,s',CM, R/pr,~ j^.j ^^c fcud .torics held it as HJUS rt' 

hr^-:'^f''-^^'^f^;^ gau! M D. hat been particularly 

""'!''' ""A'T'J J: /f plilir ;":2 farefultom.rktheco:icaions,orbooks, 
5vX' ^plv^f^^^^^ from whence he took his coins. Among 

r^;; hfZutrtfsXZ^ ihe former, our countrymen come m 

Lr^McZ!^LJau:c M^..yn WjfJ^^n for their (hare, Baitlet, Sir Charles Fre- 
dt U France « ^/n/ra/e, ^ dc cbaaift: ,{cfcs deric, Brian Fairfax, John Foot, rctlor 
¥f^rimet *M fariicuikr. Par feu M. F'lem gf Yoxal, Andrew Giffard, Thomas 
Amber Tobiefcn Duby. Cafitaine <CJt^aH^ Granger, Hodfol, Hollii, Locker, rec- 
/w>, Imttrfrete de la BibHotLi^ue du Kolj ^ j^j. ^f parringdon, Pcmbrock, Snclling^ 
du iknfeit ktyul di r j-kadimie. Paris, 1790, jj^okfcller and aniii|uary at London, 
a /am. 4/0. u u • James Weft, John White. The moft 

OUR readers will remember, that in ^jn^inpuifljcd foreigners are rhofc of De 
rol- LVIL p. a45» reviewing a collec- ^R^uii^g,,,.^ counfeilor of ftate, formed by 
Xionof fitge pieces by the fame author p^^y, and fold to M. Haumonc, now 
1787, we announced the prefent woik. ^.^.^^^^ ^^^ polfeflTed of a moft valuable 

ru o- cabinet. Michclct Enoery died April 

8, 17S6. Abbe dc Terfan, ancient vi- 
car-general of Leaowre, a judicious 
poirtffor of a rich cabinet of antiquities, 
of which he undertook to give a fcnes 
of vxell-cxccutcd plates. Mr. D. dying 
i-fSi did not live to fee the fecond edi- 
tion of the ** Art to verify Dates, 1787," ' 
which includes many deeds of the 
Counts dc Vendomc, Soiflons, Cha- 
lons, Vifcouiits Turcnne, &c. but his 
fon the editor, while the work was at 
prefs, availed himlelf of it 10 corrett 
his errors and add a variety of inter- 
ctting notes at the beginning of vol. I. 
Some few of the coins are reduced to 



A numifmatic Hittory of France xvhs a 
mong the defiderata of her national hil- 
tary, enumerated bv M. Falconer, in 
the (vlemoirs of the Academy of Infcnp- 
tions, tome VII. p. »9» ^^ ^^e Hiftory, 
410. Bouteroue, Du Cangc, Le Blanc, 
and others, had written on the fubjeft. 

JLc Blanc had done the moft, and was 

fuppofed to have left an account of the 

)>arouial coins in manufcript, not now 

to be found among his collcaion of 

fuch coins in the royal hb.ary, from 

whence De Boic formed 45 plates, with- 

eut a word of letter- prcis, now become 

extremely fcarce. M. Duby has fol- 

lowed his arrangement and ideas with 

regard to the coins of Navarre, Burgun- ^"^^grn vaTue. Seveial provinces, long 

dy, Bourbon, Bretagne, Flanders, Pro- ^jc^^^i^red from France, but forming 

▼ence, Touloule, and Orange. Ot thole ^^^ ancient domaine, and others united 

of the archbifliops of Rheiras, the bi- ^^ .^ .^ j^^^^ ^^^^^^ „^ included. 

ihops of Laon, Meaux, itc. and thole ^^^ Author's preface follows that of 
of the counts of Sanccrre, Anjou, &e. ^^^ Editor, and contains a brief account 
he has fixed the dates by the names ot ^^ ^^^ privilege of comt\^itvotvt>j,>N^\Ott. 
the refpefliv^ »ordsj_but /rom the Aic- ^^ ^^^.^^^^ from ihe ?vt^ A\nVC\otv ^\ v>wl 
—m^inai^ oiihe£o C^cOiaps, £nf. 7^- monarch v amoD& iVvti cYiMx^i^ol CXwxi^. 



S4 



Hiview •/ New PahRcMtlvnsm 



[Ja«. 



Then folloMr alphabetical tables of the 
fcvcral lords who exercifed this privi- 
lege, of the fpcciesof coins, of authors 
cited, &c. 

Vol. 1. contains, in 1S3 pag;es and 69 
plates, the coins of archbifliops,biihops, 
chapters, abbots, and abbeffes, kings 
of Navarre, dauphines of Vienne, 
piinces, piincefTes, dukrs, U.C, 

Vol. II. in 331 pages and 41 plates, 
thofe of marquiflfes, counts, vifcount^, 
and lords, cities, knights templars, and 
fome ftruck by different lords during the 
league. The whole number of plates 
in the two volumes is no, and 10 fup- 
plemcntary ones. 

This work owes its publication to the 
care of the Abb^St. Lcger, who procured 
for itthepiivilcgcof theroyal prefs, and 
for beauty of type and engraving is equal 
to any woik of the kind. Whcthci we 
may expe£t the lad part of the autlioi's 
defign, the coins of the firft, fecond, 
and third races of the kingk of Ftance, 
V^c are not told. 

4. the Natural WJlory of the Mineral Kmg{km. 
In three Parts. Fart L Of the Natural Ilif- 
tory of the Strata of Goal, and of the ctmcomi' 
iant Strata, Part IL Of the Satural Hif^ 
tory of Mineral Veim^ and other Beds, and Re- 

9 fofitwies tf the precious and ufeful Metals. 
I*art IIL Of the Natural llipry of the frt- 
njoittng Strata, and r/ the principal and mc/i 
interejting PheenotHenu upon and within the 
Surface of our (Slohc. By Jolui William.i, 
lAineral Sun'tyor, /. .S. S. yl 1 Vols. Zvo. 

THIS work IS the refult of more than 
forty years a6^ual obfcrvation in Scotland 
and Wales, and has the merit of detail- 
ing many phenomena, and deducing the 
immediate coufequences from them s 
But the author's obfcrvatiooi are con- 
fined to thefe two Ipors, and he has 
HOC futficiently availed himfcif of the 
obfcrvatiuns daily making; in other 
countries, or 10 have poli'clicd himftlf 
of an exttnfive knowledge of principal 
and general fai\s. He has wcil refuted 
all theories which, by luppormgonly cer- 
tain agencies, by conlequeucc contra- 
dialed the Mofaic accotmr of the ci ca- 
tion of our globe j tor he ihcwi that if 
our contmcnts were not both internally 
and externally compofcd, as they are, 
they would be unfit for the fupport of 
vegetable and animal creation, which is 
a llrong (uppon oi finul cuu/es.* It would 
•xcctd our limits to.enter into a minuie 
examination of Mr. Wiliiain^** theory, 
or its errors. VVe cannot, hawocr, 
forbear pointiDg out the juilncfs of his 
i^eMfonivg re f peeing ci^if io iutcrcAiDf^ 



a fubjeA to Britun, but of which, at 
v^ell at of wood, and every other artide 
from which prcftnt and private intcrcft 
do more immiMiUtc benefit, we are ma- 
king irreparable wafte by fupplyis^ fb« 
reign countries while iive want it ib 
much for our own manufaAurcs, in the 
prodigious confumption of them fot the 
ule of A cam engines, one of our greateft » 
means for faving labour, and the only 
means for working our deep mines. 

Mr. W*s hope that obfervatioAt on 
the poiition or dire£lion of the vein or 
firata of volcanic matter may prevent 
the building cities, lee. in volcanic re« 
gions, reds on an hypothefis relating to* 
the caufe of volcanos nm fufBciently 
eAabliihed \ nor have cities been remo* 
ved from fites fo repeatedly found to be 
dangerou». But he mote judicipufly 
confutes the poifonous doctrine diiFufed 
in Mr. Brydone's tour, rcfpefiing tht 
age of the flrata of Mount .£rna, by 
obferving, that, admittln|! tlic ta£ls, no 
fuch conclufioncan be drawn fiom them, 
fince the loft 11 rata obferved theie be- 
tween hard lavas have been found by 
other obfervers to be nothing more than 
the accumulation of Ihoweis of 'Volcanic 
albes, which have no refemblance what* 
ever to a foil produced by decay of hard 
lava, and by vegetation. He inclines to 
believe, that it any deci>mpo(ition of vi- 
tiified i'uhftance t;ike place, it does not 
begin on the furface, but at the centre 
of the mafs ; for, on examining the re« 
mams of vitiifitd forts in the Highlands, 
he found the central parts in a more 
decayed, or lefs iolid flaie, than the fu* 
pcrhcial. He publifhcd a dilTcrtationon 
thcl'e vitrifud forts in 1777 *^ Svo; and 
hi^ account iiao been Ancc conhimed, 
except chat the vitrification is now ge* 
ner<iliv believed ro have been effeded 
for their defiruSioHy and not for their 
prffer*vMtioti. 

The hifl 200 pages of the fecond'vo* 
lumc- conlifl of *' Tra6)& on fevcral Tub* 
** je^s, rclatmg to the Mineral King* 
** dom, and on Volcipo*.*' Thclc are 
followed by *' Singular Obfervations and 
" improvements j" luch as the peopling 
of America i the junction of the two 
continents ; the probability of the Mex- 
ican and Peruvian empires having been 
founded by a Briiifb piinceAfa</0r, Tup- 
(Xifed to be their Man(0\ the early ftace 
of the world, and the caufeik of the du- 
tediluvian longevity ; the fettlement of 
Noah (recorded by Mofes to have been 

~* See Mr. Anderfon's Oblervations on 
them, ill MU^oioiuj \iA.\ . i^% x^v— i^^. 



179^] Riviiw of HiVii Fvhltcatitnu 53 

n kt^knimtm^ in China, sod the mi- are taken the portraits of the man and 

gfitioB of hii dcfccndantf (hmnttrs) io- woman. The lofs of ihc (hip, and the 

to Tartary, &c. \ th« degeneracy from death of MnftLr f^aw, arc the painter's 

ciTiliaation to bnrbarifnii which once inveiuioo. The conciuiion drawn from 

happened among mankindi without any thii melancholy caraArophc is, that the 

tcodencT to the coaverfe tranfition, fo w^nt of ununimiry in the crew, or of 

mach mentiontd by philolbpheri, ftom judgement in the coinmandcr, prevented 

Cifage cofocial life 1 the iminenfe tr^dti the exertions ulual nu iuch occafuns \ fo 

of laad lucccinvely formtdfromthe iVa, that out of 141, only 9 Europeans and 

aad the graduil coolumption of water a fe-.v L-ifcars furvivedi and the f'"rmer» 

by ill accumulation inm mountains of after wandeiing from Au^. 4, 1782, the 

ice in the poUr regions; the means of day of their fliipwreck, to Nov. 29 foI« 

briDging m^irfby grounds i.Ko cuU'va- iowinj^, reached a Dutch t'eiticmeot^ 

tioD, and nndcnng thcin healthful ) uf 400 miles fro!*i the Cape of Good Hope, 

imprdViiig And confining rivLfv, nut ()y wnich !a(l the c.-puin fuppofcd 16 or 17 

rsifiD;^ their banki^ b:Jt by dvepening days journey fiont the p. ace where rhe]^ 

ibtir channels, of raifing iiees on muun- were lui\ ((ce vol. LUI. p* 799)« No 

uiii, ^nd ol floodmg Tandy piiin^. By prefice or inrrcdu6^ory account, even to 

wtv of coodufion, a wilh for the appU- fet forth the number or names mX the 

utioa of theft improremcnts to A^nta, clc^v, n prefixed; nor how Mr. Career 

which ii fuppofcd CO be I'u capable of cime in the way of Hyncs, who wenc 

loeai. trorn the Cape to Copenhagen. 

5. KA^rizrive-^ the Z.c/* cfth^ GrofvenoT Eaft 6. TLt lHa.i.iK.l OJyjpy cf Homer, trtmjlatti 
iutli.im.in, "Mbit J -iwai knfort^*uituy^¥ftcic.l into ELink I'trf: fty W. Cowper. 

M tb$ cmfi 9f C^dv^tu, ji^vcwhe^e Ut-ucen ('JuKimtM^jt^'n i'.:'. LAI. f. 1134*^ 

thi t-jti and ltd Degrtti s/ Jw..'i iatifudc, "B'J'A iX. vc: fs 67 : 

a«/ 4/4 55/ Aujaft, 1785, nmfHeJfrom the « ^j,j_ ^^.^,,5 ^yf^^f 

£wn;M.-. «i 3/ Jolvx Hyt:cs, ont -.f tL' wi- y,,y f^j,^^.^ j^on IhiMlld'll be my laieft- 
fiffMKitt "^urz-hnri i?y .V//. GenrRe Caiter, b. in.** 

«/M£/i?./:?^«*/iutfr./-'cm/.'oinji;.,««- q-.-js ^/J^^ ^qj pcifpicuoufly convcy 

ta;mri^ui,i.ufifofyat:cyyfi.nrtrthcy^f- ^y^^ „.,..inin«r of Ti.'.iiii-s oblervation; 

>m. ^jerbrp.c^d.riAu, M:,b . ..v; ,,..,::, ;,, .* 1;;,,^ ,,. v^ung enough lO 

/ "^^r r'!^'"'.*^n-^ '-'"'^ ' "^ " ^^ -"V vvuniitft fun." 
ffim Sir. Cftrter 5 iJiJtgn., , • - ^ 

WE arc lony to fee " this tale of ^^.f-'"'^ "^ ^ . ^ ,, ^ , ,^^ 

« woe" revived m the public memory, * ••'^^ "'l =»y ^'-^ •^"'' "^* Z-^^" anJc/^.. 
nd in the feding* of the indv.du :l$, Tnji is not .>n;y an uil-.dcd exprcf- 

who mofi be wounded by it. WhovVcr ^lon, but a f;.cble rau: il«i,;v. Tlic ori- 

i» author of the p:.irai;es marked with g' -li '^ ** with tlicc 1 ihall begin, wiiU 
invtTied commas, inierfptrM in the ** thse diall er*d." 
Narrative, has cxprtlfed a dccjicr fenie [^ine ixo: 

of this kind thdn the editor. " What " Give chari;eth.it every tonjucabftaiufrcwm 
muft thn friends and rcUrions of :lic un- fj>ccch jitMttmtous." 

happy wanderers hourly experience? the The o:iginal is it^n/xnirai ti kiXistOi. 
diliia£iin<; tiioughti niu{l he too mvich And Mr. Copper h-fs given its full 
for thtm to bear. The on!y Aih:vi:ition meaning. Ominous word* amun^ft the 
they can know, is the hope ih^t the Greeks wtrt believed to be of prophetic 
kind haod or oca:h has icicafLd ficn iiiiport. Whoever ufed words of bad 
thefeaccurlVdwo-s-'u ill-fated fulfeier,** pr-wi-ige was Kid BKotvfr.ftuf i the re* 
But it fee lis too fafliionable a pia^icc vcrfe*'of this was jf^*iai»F, the f«*rce of 
to keepdiftrers alive, by every mcafurc jj^^,^ ^^ ,,.^j] iHurtratcd m the OEdJfMt 
of advantage and inteielt ; or we Ihould -jyrantius of Sophocles. 
not have fccn the lofs of the Ha^feweil, ^j^^ .^^ . 
from being exhibited among the worka u Up, therefore, if thou canfl, and now id 

of the Royal Academicians, ^xpoi'td in i^^V' • 

every print -(hop, and manutaftured into The ong na! fays, " But come, if you 
tea-tables. The prelitnt recital diffcis ve- «« are fo i.:clinedj though late."— We 
ry little from thatgivtn in vol. LI II. p» give part ot rbe repU of Achilles to the 
789, from the four feamtn who arrtvtd ^mbniTador of Agamemnon, ns contain* 
in L<>ndon. The account of the Cad'rees, j^^ (qj^^ Ycrv ar.imaitd Www. 
c. 19, 30, is wMde up from PaUiI'oD dud u t^rteb* iiobie (on for v:V*s rev\v»w«vfiA% 
yjUlMatj and from the iMtiti^ \\c bclitvf, j muft wilb plainoBbtMa^tni Cvm:^t^^'^V«« 



54 



Rtview ef New PuUUatimt, 



rj«i 



Vnaherablei left I liear from each 
The (ame long murimir'd melancholy tale— 
For I abhor the man, not more tlie gates 
Of Hell itfelf, whofe words belie his heart — 
So (hall not mine— my judgement undif- 

guifed 
Is thl% that neither Agamemnon, me» 
Kor all the Greeks, (hail move, for ceafeleis 

toil * 

Wins here no thanks : one recompetice awaits 
Tlie fedeiitary, and the moft alert, 
The brave and bafe in equal honour ftnnd ; 
And drones and heroes ^11 uim'ei>t alike. 
1 after all my labours, who expofed 
My life continual in the field,' have tamed 
No very fumptiious prize. — As the poor bird 
Gives to her unfledged brood a morfel gain'd 
After long fearch, iho* wai^ting it herfelf. 
So have 1 wcvm nut many fleeplefs nights. 
And waded deep tlirbugh many a bloody day 
In battle for their wives.** 

The ninth bof»k of Homer contains 
^C9 lines ; and Mr, Cowpcr'i tranilation 
484; Mr. Pope's 836. 

The tenth book is full of intereft, and 
is rendered with equal fidelity and 
Arength. The parts we wouI(!^articu- 
larly point out as meriting the greitcft 
praifc, Bie the Epifode of Dolon, the 
ijeficription of RheAis deeping in the 
tnidfl of his euards, and the confufion 
nifed amongit the Trojans in difco- 
verJng what had happened. 

** Deeds they faw, 
Terrible deeds, and marvellous perform'd." 

The beginning of the eleventh book 
is very madcrly ; the defcription of Dif- 
cordy and the effe£l of her cry, which 
ti'as fuch that 

* All deemed at once war fweeter, than to 

feek 
Their native country thro' the waves again*** 
Line 48 : 

" His helmet quatre-crefted.** 

Mr. Cowper takes fome pains to vin- 
dicate the rxpreflion ; but few ears will 
be reconciled to it \ though, as the 
tmnflator obferves, we meet with 
cinque- rpotted in Shakfpeare. 

Lines 197, and 198, are rendered with 
txtraprdinary force and truth : 

^ Concealeil mean-time by Jove, Hedlor 

efcaped 
The duft, darts, deaths, and tumults of the 

field." 

Line 356. This quotation requires 
no comment. 

<* He fpake, and all drew courage from his 
word, [ter cheers, 

Jis wJicn his hounds bright- tooth'd fome hun* 
Againd the litm, or tlie furcA boar ; 
So Piiameuia He^lar clKCf'd Im buft 



Magnanimous againfl the fons of Grsepe, 
Terrible as gore •tainted' Mars — ^mong 
The foremoft warriors, with fuccefs elafet 
He flrode, and flung himfelf into tlie fight 
Black as a florm, which fudden from on hig 
Defcending, fiirrows deep the gloomy flood. 

Line ^469. Arcbeff firenU'temfuHl^ 
J^it^matdtn — mam of curlt.'-^The ori 
gtmil, as Mr. Cowper obferres, almol 
defies tranOatron ; but more cnergv, an* 
fome dignity, might hive been conveyed 
The remainder of Diomed's repi 
makes the imbecillity and meanncfs o 
the Hrfl line more firiking. 

Book XII. The Englifh reader wil 
neceffarily be delighted with the etf] 
and tieganr verfitication which, in th 
beginning of this book, defcribcs the fu 
ture deftru6^ion of the Grecian %vall b* 
the united tflorTs of Neptune and Apof 
lo ; and he will be the better fatitfied t< 
know that the tranflation is as correct a 
it is beautiful. 

Line 296 : 

" Omtns tiBoumd, 
But the beft omen is our country's caule"^* 

Omens abound is not in the original* - 
Line 336. This much'-admired H 
mile is thus adequately rendered by Mr 
Cowper : 

" As the feathery fnows 
Fall frequent on fome wint'ry day, wlien Jofi 
Hath ris'n to fhod them on the race of man, 
And fhew his arrowy (lores % 'he takes tb 

winds, [thiol 

Ttien (hakes them doivn continual, coverin] 
Mountain tops, promentorie's flow'ry meads 
And cultures vallies rich : the jxMts am 

fhores 
Receive it alfoof the hoary deep | 
But there die waves bound it, while all befidi 
Lies wIielmM beneath Jove's faft-defcendini 

fliow'r." 

The concluding lines of this bool 
prefient the reader with as fine a pi^lun 
as ever was imagined by poet, or.execU' 
ted by painter. We behold He£lor firf 
making the breach, by hurling an enor 
mous lione. 

" Inward fell the rock 
Ponderous, and the portals roar'd." 

We are hurried along with him, anc 
fee him leaping in, 

<< Gloomy as niglit in afpe^"-!-— « 
Then for a moment he paufes, to invito 
his troops to follow him, and contcmnin| 
all farther oppofitioa, 

•• Fire filled his eyes- 
Turning, he bade tlie multitude without 
Afcend the rampart.'*—- 



1792O Review ofNiW PuUkathnt. 55 

Book Xlir. line q i lume bcf<irc us ; nor Joes it .it a!! detract 

•• The /////.Trs/jpr jiifteft of mank.iml." from its excellence 10 atTcrt, iii.it tho 

It Oioold be Hipp^mglgi. Milk ua^ the pacli cu be putfucd wa^ alieidy poinced 

cnftomary drink of ihc Scythian nation » out in a work of .1 finular imptirt. The 

particularly the milk of niures. merit, and confuierable it is, coii^Os in 
Line 438. Wc fee much to admire purfuini; 4 Ubmious lound of icadingp 

in Mr.Cowper's work, whether we con- ^^ colkcl and comprefs authorities, and 

lider the energy or accuracy of hi» tranf* the matter of furprize is that it (hould be 

lation; but we arc not able to point out riTer%'ed for .1 diviut of this century tu 

ft pAflage in which he h;is been more produce a Key to the Old Tcllamenr^ 

ettcQually fuccefsful than t^is, fpeaking involving what is of the highcft impor« 

of Jupitcrywhoairilled thcTrojanff, and tance toChriftians of ail denominacions* 

of Neptune, who aided the Greeks, he Mr. Gray*s woik has already paffcd to 

fay^ a fccond edition, au ample proof of its 

" Thus the immortal two, draining tlie cord utility and merit} but it remains with 

Indiflbluble of all- wafting war us alio to contribute our part in promo- 

Altemaie njeafared with it cither hoft ting its more exteufive circulation, by 

Ana loofedtliejomtsofmany a warrior bold." informing fuch of our readers into 

From the exammation which we have whofe hands the book may not have 

jifcn the perfcirmance before us, we are fallen, what Mr. Gray'i plan is, and 

folly juft.fied in affcrting, thit m thofe what the objta of hiH vvork. The Old 

apt and beautiful fimjiiei which confti. Teflameni, ab the author obfcrves, in a 

r«te, peihaps,thefnoAconfidcrableex. fc„f,ble and pertinent iniroduaion, 

eellence of the original, the tranflator comprehends all thofe faced books 

hii hardly ever failed. U c conclude, which were written by the defcendants 

for this month, w«tb the following i ^f Ifrael, a people fcletted by God for 

- SoCiyi^, 1^ roufed his fp";it, and on fire important purpofes, to be a kingdom of 

To combat with the Cretan, forth he fpranff, -..-ua. ««!j I. u i.. - »• a-. 

Bat fear feixednocldomenU a. fear *^' P[^^'' 7^^" ^^ "*^'^"- ^^""g 

May feize a nurfling boy 5 refolved he ftood, T" 5***^!* fucccffive propheti and in. 

A> in the mouiuains, coofcious of his fora *''^^ '^"^". '^^"^^ appointed by God 

Ttic wild boar waits a coming muliitiklc ' *** convey fuch prophecies and inftruc- 

Of boifterous hunters to his lone retreat, *'0"* a* ^^cre inllrumental to the deligns 

ArclJiig bis brirtly fpine he ftands— his eyes ©f his providence. As thefe fcriplures 

Bcitm fire, ind, wheuing his tulks, he bums ^^re produced, they were admitted int« 

Tudrivc, not dogs alone, hut men to flight." the facred volume, which by gradual 

(T9 bt ctntinueU,) accumulation increafed to its prcfcut iizc. 

Thus far Mr. Gray; and perhaps it 
7. Gray's Kty to the OUTefiament ♦, i J Edit, is hardly ncccllary to'obfcrvc muic than 
IF at the prefent day we have fre- that the author confiders each book fe- 
quent and 'painful occafion to fee wri- par.itcly, giving the reader the belt ac- 
tings dilTemiuaied of the mod malignant count to be obtained of the author, of 
|tndeacy, both with refpe^ to principles the fuppofed time when it was written, 
iod pra£lice, it foftens confidirably the under what circumftances, and for what 
regret to obferve, at the fame time, a purpofe. It is fuperdaous to fay, that to 
Ipirit of pious indultry a^ively exerting do ihi.i wc!! required no niOiUrate Iharc 
itfclf, to countera£l this evil. We hope, of learning and .iffiduity ; und ic is 
and wc bctiere, that there never will be nccdlei's tu expntiale on the improve- 
wanting amongft us, men whofe accom- mesit and ingenuous encertainmcnr, to 
l^lifhments and virtues will enable, and be dcnvcd liom i'uch an undciiaking 
will prompt them to difpel the doubts CuccclVfiiilv executed.. The l-Mincd 
which the cruel, but daring hand of He- c.innot diidain, and may ofttn tind ic 
tcrodoxy fcattcrs abroad; to warm and expcJitnt to coniult it; whilll t.i iliolc 
animate thofe ho|>es which a vain Phi^ or IjIn favour.ib!c opportuuiticn and ad* 
lufbphy tends to blight in their oegin* v vinta^^CN it :.Me(L-ui!> a fort of accoinpa- 
ning, or withdraw from their obj':6t; niiticni to tM(.ir l>iblc, with which tucy 
and, finally, to place before the mind^ wilL nnd it their intcred to be acquaint* 
of the lefs tndru^ed, the fimple volume ej. Mr. Giay puilucs his ^)uri>ore 
of the word of God, ably vindicated as rhrough l!1 the books of the Old Teiia- 
tothedivinity of its origin, perfpicuouily mcnt, C(i..oiiiwal aud apocrypiu!, uith a 
explained, and happily illullratcd. fpirit of oiL.httdox), which (ome ^iLih^pg 
Of t his meritorious nature is the vo- aiay thj:)k :oo lxu'i, and I'lo w^ow^us-, 

V4\XVQC 



5* 



Revinu $f New Pui/ieatimt, 



[Jtm 



barrier of ouf faith to be perfpicuoudy 
defined, and oBviouily exhibited i and it 
inuft be defended alfo with vigour and 
pertinacity. We muft ourfelves, how- 
ever, acknowledge that we have fome- 
timet been under the necelTity of differ- 
ing in fentiment from the author ; and 
^*e think in particular, that wheii treat- 
ing on the fubje6^ of Jephtha't vow, and 
the manner of its performance, he h^s 
prcfled the matter loo far. Thht Jephtha 
ihoulda^ually facriftce his daughter in- 
volves fo many contradi£lioDs, difRcul- 
ties, and*abrurdiiies, that human learn- 
ing, aiding the (VrongefV prejudicic«, has 



The flyle of TA^ Or^wtfArhm^ it 
fuch, undoubtedly, as marks at ooce 
the hand of genius. Lefs remarkable 
for polilh than enei^, and for minute 
correftnefs than for vivid touches; i( it 
frec)iiencly, and boldly illufiratcd with 
metaphors and aNufions drawn from the 
whole extenfiv^ range of human know- 
ledge. Thefe excurfions, which flieW| 
at lesfl, a mind enriched with various 
fiores, are fometimes made fuccefsfullyi 
fometimes with lefs felicity, but always 
with a freedom and ardour which de- 
note a vigorous and a£^lve genius. The 
figures are not the petty ornaments of 



tried >tn vain to reconcile them. Whilf^, one who aims at ibining, but thedariog 



on th^ contrary, the fuppofition that (he 
was confocrated for the remainder of her 
life to facred fervices in the temple, pre- 
fents us with a fimple and eafy fulution, 
which the mod wife, and moft pious, of 
our Biblical writers have adopted. 

It is Arange, fays Jonin. fpeaking on 
this fubje£^, that any 'commentators 
ihould have imagined, that Jephtha's 
daughter was facrifiad^ which paflage 
Mr. Gray feems not to have feen. 

Far be it from us, however, to de- 
tra6t from the general value of Mr, G's 
performance ; the book he has produced 
is a mofl eftimable addition to literature, 
and will be a laftini; monument of the 
authoi's learning, diligence, and piety. 

S. the Origin cf Auanifm Aifchfrd. By John 
\\ hitaker, B. t), kceior of Ruan Lang- 
horne, Cornwall* 



efforts of a man who Aruggles to imprela 
h\i meaning on the reader in fpite even 
of reluf^ance : his images are not gently 
tinted on the fnrface of a canvas, but 
burnt into the fubflance of his tablet 
with a glowing point of iron : and h# 
(eems inclined to turn that point upoa 
the reader, rather than allow him todc- 
p;irt without fome Arong fenf^ition. la 
his citations and authorities the author 
manifefls a great extent of learning, 
with much acutenefs and difcemment ; 
and his matter is in general %vell ar« 
raofred, except that now and then it o« 
verflows into the notes a little violently t 
b'Jt a redundancy of matter is not among 
the faults which, in thefe times, we of- 
ten find occafion to rcprcfs. 

In the very dedication, the fice and 
daring fpirit nf the writer Ihows itfclf, 
in the ut'e of llrong cxpreflions, wheie 
THIS Hifiory of the origin of many would have foii^ht more covert 
Arianifm is one of thofc woiks which and inorv courtiy j^lirales. Tbereii even 
will of courfe be criticifed, in general, an appearance of arrogance, where he 
more according to the previous preju- tells the learned Lifhop that what i&r had 
dices, or prevailing opinions, of thofe judged impotlible, his dedicator fl<<tiefs 
who take it up, than in proportion to hititfelf he has done : but this is, in 



its real merits or defc6ls. The nature 
of the fubjeft will occafion this ; nor 
will the manner in which the work is 
exccuicd ara!| diminifh this cffc£^. The 
hook has nothing of a neutral charac- 
ter; it is firm and energetic in the dif- 
pUy of the opinions it is intended to im- 
prcfs ; and is written throughout with a 
confcioufnefs of flrenpth, and indeed a 
fpirit of defiance, winch will not fail to 
irritate ihe men whole doOrincs it at- 
tacks, ;ind to alaim the rimid, even a- 
m<>ng thofe whole faith tt juHihcs. 

To avoid, as much as pollible, that 
kind <if judgement which is warped by 
contToverfial prejudice, wc will at firft 
confidcr this book only as a compofition, 
h)»}t:ptntitmiy of the fubje£^ of which it 



truth, the languaqe rather of honcAy 
than arrogance. No man of fcnfe would 
wnre unlets he had ilrong hopes of doing 
more than others, and to deny that he 
has fell fuch hopes is mere hypocrify. 

Si>le is bell explained by fpecimcns 9- 
wc Ihali therefore here fubjoin a few, to 
illulirate thtfe remarks. In p. 3 he 
fays, that when the clcr^v «* come to 
** not! bt.!i'.le the altai 5 to flumbtrf over 
'* the dying flame ; or to look on with 
'* a (iupid unconcern, while wretched 
** men are heaping falfe and unhallowed 
" fuel upon iti then irreiigion has fi- 
** nifhcd its courfe among us. A fpiri- 
** tual froA has fpread its influence 
** through the body. It has beoum.bed 
" the extremities. It is coniie 19 -^Imi 
^ ikWU J^tld,VAkt a^gOQ)LtDai^^tducV\^d. 



I793*1 Riviiw 9f NiW Piih/icsihnSm 57 

" out upon the fnowt of the A'ps, the " Turks h:is in vain been fliarpened :• 

*• nttinn Will then be angry at thofe who ** cut rht-m in pieces.'* P. 322.— It i< 

" diOurb its reft, in order to Cave it; fiid of the Arabs, and as to fenttnient 

" will iben beg to be allowed a little isjuflj btit it feems th;it it might b;/0«/ 

•* longer revx)fe upon i:« bed of ice; a^d of the Affyrian, and the band of the 

" feel a kind of plcafinf; ffrenity gliding Giccian, with equal fitnefs, efpcciilly 

"gradually through :^ii its veins, (lop- a% tiie foot was iuiiy to attempt to crufh 

"pug up, ore bv ore, a^ll the avenues thrm in the duft, with which thev *vtrc 

** of life, and h^ilcnmi; on to c]ue«ch ;r9/ levelled. Noi i& the jivclin of Rome 

"the IhA fpirk of virility, by feemingiy as chara^criftic as the Turk (h fcynne* 

"lulling it into a gentle fict-'p." tar t foi, ih(<ugh the piinm was umall^r 

Again, p. 5 : ** To add to this evi* launched .it an onfct, yet the Areni^tb of 

*'d<nce fnay fcem tqually fupcrfluous the R(<man bittle depended on the 

"lodraOi. It may feem hnhiing up a fword. The writer is however generally 

"taper to the fun. Yet, when the fun morecoiTc£l than this, and forms his 

" ictiresy we light our tapers. We con- iMulUations in a better tade } for even if 

*'Mtr them as fo many r^diations^ de- the a! ui^ions had hccn jufl, this method 

"rived from the great body of li^ht of pcn^rhrafis is atr«j£led and ambitious^ 

"that is abfent. While, therefore, and better Cuits a (ribbon than a Whi« 

"that orb is withdrawn for a while, we taker. In gcneirJ, the allufionsy whe- 

" vrny ufefully, I tru(l, contemplate the thcr free or not iro:n all exceptions, de- 

" derived ray." note vigour of conception, a wide and 

Sonie of the allunons, however, are a a^tiVe range of comprehennon, a mind 

little faulty in betng derived from points enriched with various (lores, and hold* 

of knowledge, of which many readers ing them in leadincfs for ufe. 
may, without repro.ich, be ignorant. Having given this taAe of the Hyle 

The following is deduced from Dr. and genius of the author, we will pro- 

Halley's TbiCfj §/ Mtigneufm. " This ceed to give a rapid iketch of what he 

" (i. e. the belief of a future ftate) was has produced, to illuHrate the great 

" Aill the mueleus inclofed within, which point in quedion; leaving thofe to judge 

*' Ibewed it was inclofed, by the infiu- of his fuccefs in what he undertakes to 

" ence of its m9ral ma^m^ifm upon the prove, who Ciall attentively and care- 

"Jews," Wiience the author makes fully pcruf'e and weigh his arguments, 

immediate tranfuion to the hypothefis of The Origin of An ant fm diftioftd^ is not a 

a Central tire within the earth. ** This work to be wicli hade run through, or 

" was ftilJ the central fire of the whole judged of lightly. 

'* globe, which lent a warmth of fpirit rilr. \V\ commences with this ftron^ 

^ to all its operations, and imparted a ail'ertion, th^t the Jews who now oppofc 

" vigour of vegetation to all its produc- the do6trinc of tbe Trinity, and are a* 

"lions." P. I a.— In another pilTage roong the chief oppofers cf it, did ori- 

we Bnd the variations of the magnetic ginally hold it, and a6lua'ly expr.S\ed, 

Bccdic, '* The turn, indeed, is an ama- in their promifcd Meffiah, the divine 

<* zing one. They had veered round /'ygo/, or fccond pcrfon of the God-head. 

^ the whole compafs of their belief, in 'i'his he does not merely alTert, but un- 

'* this point ; and the needle now Aood dertakes to prove, not giving it as a no- 

" pointing to the oppofite pole. And at vel opinion, but one before fupporrcd 

*' this bad been effected, no doubt, by with no finall ability by Dr. /I////, in hit 

** a gradual advance of variation; (b Judgemtnt of thf 'Je'wi/b Chur elf again ft 

*' was that variation, we may be fure, Uiitariaws, The proof of itiis is ver'y 

•* produced by the concuffions which largely entered on by Mr. VV. who^ 

*' their faith recieved from the aifaults from the writings of the Jew Phi'op 

" of Chrifiians." P. 268.— In the fol- brings mud copious con(irm:itiuns of Ins 

lowing extract fo me allulicns feem af* ari^uinrnt. He next adduces the apo« 

propriaced without an adequate reafon ; cisph^l book, entitled, Tbt lVtJd$m of 

** but their efforts were all laffled. Tiie Sol.mon, which he contends was a pio-> 

** broad band of the Aliyrtio could not du^tion of tiie lame a^e, and pioJMb y 

'' lay them in the dud \ the heavy foot of the fame author. The SnonJ B ok 

** of the Grecian could not ciufh them oj EfaraSt the l\flafinmts of ibe t-u/elvt 

V there; thcformidable javelin of Rome tantarchs, and the Hook of Buruchy jie 

•'was launched in vain to btgr them concciifcd by Mr, W. to tva^tbccw va>- 

<• down; and erro the fcynietar of the duitd by Qiu«i Jew%i iLaA,4^\v^v\\A\V.fc 

Csnf r . AT A G, j0Muary, t79i» uvA. 

8 



S8 



JiiViiW if Niw PuUicattMs. 



rjan.. 



not liter than the fecond century. Thcfe 
points are all in turn fuppofted from the 
txioks themfel ves i and many arguments 
^are taken from them in Aipport of the 
, main point, the Trinitarian faith of 
Jews within that time. For a further 
ill u ft ration of Jewiih faith, he then goes 
to Eufebius, to Alexander Poly-hiDor^ 
as preferved by him and other writerii 
of whofc woiks fume fragments fiill 
fubfift by the fame mciins. Among o« 
thers, he produces Ezckiel, a Jew, the 
, writer of a tragedy in Greek on the de- 
parture of the Jtws f/om Egypt, enti- 
tled EjayvTn, from which he has tranf- 
laled, and well tranflat»d, fome confi- 
derahie fragments. Ariflobuius, an A- 
lexandrian Jew, is next brougtit for- 
ward to produce his evidence, on the 
report of the fame writer, Eufebius ; 
and Orpheus, as quoted by this Ariflo- 
bului, 150 years before the Chriftian 
Kra. 
' The alteration in the JewiOi faith 
from the belief of the Lo^os, and of a 
Trinity in the God head, to an open op- 
pofition of >hu(e doctrines, is (uppofed 
by Mr. W. to hare commenced foon 
atter the time of Philo, and to have 
gone to its extreme by very rapid Aeps. 
He thus writes upon the fubjtft ; ** As 
** late then as the beginning of the fe- 
** cond century did the Jews generally 
*' continue in the faith of their ancei- 
^' tors, and of all mdnkind, concerning 
** the deity of the Logos, or Son of 
*' God. So far did the Heaven-de- 
'* fcendcd Nile flow on, generally pure, 
'< and limpid in its waters. But it loon 
^* contra£)e(l an apparent fouinefs from 
** the muddy foil in which it was now 
** running. In half a century it was 
** di^Ci'louicd all over, and has conti* 
'< nutd fo ever fmce. This the dialogue 
** of Juftin Martyr with Trypho, the 
" Jew, which was written about the 
" year 155, comts in with a melancholy 
<• efiicacy to (hew us." P. 264. 

The author then inferts tome proofs 
that, at tliC fame time, there was not 
any fimtlar change of (entimcnis among 
the Cbriftians. This he ihews from fe* 
veral authorities, but moft remarkably^ 
and with the greateft novelty of obferva- 
tion, from the writings of a virulent op- 
ponent, from the Philopatris of Lu€ian. 

After having produced fome further 

praofs of the defection and diflionefiy 

of the Jews, Mr. W. adverts to a re* 

jnarkable circumftance, the Anti-trini- 

iMrijuiifm of Mahomet : Aroogly iHuf- 

infiag, in his wsiyf the ignorance aii4 



vices of that arch -impoPor, and the 
Arange and glaring contradictions in hit 
Alcoran. He explains the notions of 
that falfe prophet concerning the Lcgoj, 
or our Saviour, who was, accordmg to 
him, an angel of the higheft' dignity. 
It is- then flieWn that he derived thofe 
notions from the Jews, the fathers of 
them, by means of /tldia Ben Sahtt, % 
Jew, whom he employed for ten years, 
to write down his pretended revelations. 
Mahomet had before that time, it feemsi 
beeti influenced by Sergius, or Bohtira^ 
a Neflorian monk, and from him had 
once received the Clirifllan do£lrines of 
the God head. ** The influence of the 
*• Jew," fays Mr. W. *• was now antU 
•* cipatcd by the influence of the Chrif* 
** tian, in the mind of Mahomet. The 
** balance of Mahometanifm was indin- 
" ing firongly in favour of truth and 
'' the Trinity. On fuch a nice point was 
*' fufpcnded the religious faith of mil- 
** lions of men through a long train iif 
'' ages ! At lafl the Jew came, and tha 
** f'cale funk in favour of Arianilm. 
** Mahomet quarrelled with the monk, 
" aiid with orthodoxy." P. 397, 

Among the Chnflians Arianifro it 
deduced from the fame fource in which 
it BrA originated, fiom the Jews; that 
is, from I^bion and Cerinthus, two 
Jews; againft the latter of whom Sr. 
John wfc?tc his Gofjxrl, The proceed* 
ings of Arianifm in this line are 
marked ; and the uppofltion it encoun- 
tered fiom the great body of the Chrif^ 
tians, which was orthodox. Havine 
then rapidly flcetched out the ftate of 
thatdoArine from its origin, and (hewn 
that, though it exiftcd, it was not for* 
midable in the Saxon or the Norman 
church of thi« country; and that, at 
the Reformation, it was notcfpoufed by 
thofe who attacked with zeal all real 
corruptions of the church, in faith and 
praflice, the author pafl!e< on to the con* 
flderation of the two lad centuries. 
** After a flecp of many ages, the evil 
'< genius of Arianifm darted occafionallr 
•' from his flumbers in the courfe of the 
** lafl century { and fuddcnly came forth 
'* all awake among us at the com- 
" mencemenr of the prefent. From 
** that period to this he has gone on, 
" taking his rounds through the ifland, 
** feducing the ignorant, the unwary, 
'* and the fantaflical ; and making po« 
** culiar havock among the Diffenters 
" from* our Church." P. 455. 

With a pietty firi£^ review of the 



i;9»«J 



Rnntw of Utw PubScgtitm, 



59 



Whiftoar and Dr. Prieftley, Mr. W. jcfii of fcarchanHcuriofitf, pmgreflively 



at once coactudei bis able, curious, and 
laboiious, work. 

To notice final I defe£ls in ^ work of 
thii importance, fcems aimoft beneath 
the taik of criticifm. The author writes 
noiforfniy, we know not nhv, ** God 
•• of God/' inilead of *' God i/ God ;" 
"bjlre** he writes ** Ufitr i" which, 
though a reafoo ma? healfi^ned, is pecu> 
liar, and not worth the deviation : and 
fomc "ther peculiar words are fcattercd 
here and there ; but Tuch things nuy be 
left as food for thofe who wiQi to fir. d out 
hiemifiies ip a book, the general ten- 
dency of which is fuch as has been here 
rippned. 

With refpeSk to St. Matthew's Gof- 
pelt we mut^ jufl fuggeft th ti the author 
jt miflaken, in fuppofiug that the argu* 
meot from the words interpreted from 
Hebrew in that Gufpel has been over- 
looked ? Gntius mcations it, but con* 
fidcrs it as having no weight t 

^ Qn-xl autem illi alTenint argumentum ex 
tertus Hchraicis quae in Cm xco coutexiu vi- 
demus exprelfa, adUitis interpret itionibus. 
ponJm apUi) me non hahet. ScUnnf emm eji 
tmm'bus infirfrttibusj vocabuLt pcrcgi ma no- 
tabiliora fervare, fed ail- lito inter pret>«mento; 
^uod aliquoties etiaro f .'£tiini viiiemus a feni- 
lilts feptua^inta-" G'/^/. in Mattb, i. i. 

9. Hogarth ilhiftrated. By John Ireland, 
a Viiu %ifo. 

Al|MOST eighteen centuries ago it 
was obferved by Horace, of men of ge- 
nius and atiainnient fuperiorto the vul- 
gar, that the honours and applaufc which 
ifrere denied them by malignity or envy 
during their lives, would be rendered 
them by more generous and juft pufte- 
rity after their deceafe : 

•• Urit enim fulgore fuo, qui prac;;ravat artes 
Infra fe poficas : extindtus amabitur idem." 

If this reniaik weie ever true or ap- 
plicable, it has proved ptcuii^r.y (b with 
refpe£^ to Hogaith. The man who 
with perfevermg application, in the ex* 
crcife of extraordinary talents, found 
himfclf at a very advanced period of vcrial tjlle, and whofe p^iticiil.ti ikiil. 



made them more and more valu-ible. 
Mr. Ireland, the author of the work be- 
fore us, feems peculiarly well qua'ified 
for the talk he hai undertaken ; and h»s 
unqueOionably produced what contaii>s 
ample matter of information and ainufe* 
ment. But he muft not be rdfended if 
at the fame time we pay him the tribute 
of applaufe which he juftly dcfcrvcs, we 
difchnrge our proper duty in candidly 
celling him what he might, without in- 
jury to bis readers, have omitted", wlin 
he might con(il\ently have added, and 
what, if generally had in view, he 
might have performed to the greater per* 
fc6^iun of his agiccabic perf^ormance. 

The produ£lions of Hogarth's fatyri- 
cal and humourous pencil have been 
univerfally allowed, as promotini^ the 
caufe of morality and virtue, bv paint- 
ing vice in thofc unamiable qualitier, 
and in thofe difgulting colours, which 
compofe its natural and unavoidable 
contrail This being admitted, the 
man himfelf, anecdotes of his life ard 
character, the objc£t and the ronfc- 
queoceof his performances became pro- 
per, and indeed indilpenfable fubjefis 
of animadvcrfion and crit:cal attention. 
Accordingly Mr. Ireland, in his intro- 
du£lion, informs us of thofe who have 
particularly taken this part upon them. 
The firft was a Swifs, named Rouquet« 
in whofe work much is not to be found* 
The next was of grciitcr extent, by Dr. 
Truflcr, who was alliJlcd bv Mrs. Ho- 
gaiih. Bur, as Mr. Ireland pointediv 
obfcives, the Doctor profcliing no inri- 
mate acquaint nee ^i'h the ait^, the 
reader will tind nothing but a very dull 
and languid, though vc.y moral, com- 
mtntdiy. The nrxt pen which exercifed 
itfelf on the artjf* and his prints was 
Mr. Walpolc's (the prclent Earl of Or- 
ford), \\h(>le retined taftc, and etej>ant 
di£liun, our autliDi dtlcivtdly com- 
mends. In Lord Orford's work is fcen 
the ti (1 toleial>lv <ompl:a: c^taU>uue of 
h>s works, Mr. (TJIpin alio, \vlu*l« ui»i- 



life, before thofe talents were Cuitabiy 
rewarded \ before he rould enjoy tlie 
fife of independent afiluence ; had no 
fooncr left the world, than a multitude 
of advocates and adnuiers prefcnted 
themfelves to comment on the produc- 
tions of his genius \ to point them out 
to that admiratioii which had been cau- 
ti^ufly and coldU bcftowed, and to ex- 
cite that fpiritof prejudice m h\s favour, 
mhich by Kudcring hh works the ob» 



wiih rcfjtd Vj fiibjc6ls of this nature, 
have often, and abund :ntly coninDuted 
to the publ.c jtn uJciicnt, introduced it\ 
his Ej/.iy on Pr:nts lomc j>crtintnt :tnd 
ingenious (»l.lciv.iiions Oii Mi H»»g.iit!u 
But to tli«: laix'ur, ihc judgement, and 
difcrimuMtiug tailc of Mr. NicIuhs, rue 
admirers and collc61ors nt tir^ ainUS 
perfortnancrs arc pcrli-ipsmoli of a.i m- 
dcbccd. He ii whs w\\o cvi\t\\iV>} tv^\- 
levied, f)(lcmaucuV\j ai:tLt\*^'LC^,iTi^ yx- 



■ 

6o Review of New Publicaihns. [J«n«. 

diciouflf commented opon. whatever life of an obfcure man flowly makiofr 

rcli^tcd to Hogarth as a Mm or as an hit way, by patient application, from 

Artift. The obje6l which he obvioufly poverty to wealth is the fubjed of eo- 

h.^id in view was to diCpel the many quiry, fuch aids mud not only not be 

▼aRue and idle conje6turf sand affcitions difdamed, but are almofl all that can 

about Hogarth's early life, his impove- be obtained. Mr Ireland appears to us 

inci:t as an artift, his progrefs lo well- to have pone and done likevxife. 

earned reputation, as well as to give, in <« Cum tin prxviilcis oculis rn.Uc lippus 
a rcgtilar and connt6^cd fcncs, an ac- mn-dis, 

cov»»t of alt the pritHS from his works Cur inamicorum villi lati c<»mis acntumf" 
from hi? firft ruder efforts to his laft Above all, wc think Mr. Ireland 

more exquifite produ^-Uon*. H.»w well (hould not hivr (mittcd lo have fpeci- 

Mr. Nichols has fucccedcd, the rapid ficd thofe panicuUr juiragcs wh-ch he 

falc of three impreflTi'ns of his >l«fr<y(?/^5 h;»s thought proper to inrroducc from 

•/ f hearth IS the moft certain tcftnnony, ^Ir. NicIk U's work in illulhaijon of his 

and wc karn that a fourth is already in own. Wc do not accufe, n?v, we are 

preparation.. far from rufpc^m^^, that M.. Ireland 

The next work on this fubjcfl is the ^.35 influenced by any difingcnuous 

one before u>i of Mr. Ireland; and wc niotivc; wc mofl willingly impute his 

have Uti'e fcruplc in slicrting that it is omifrjons of this kind to cartleflTncIs 

the proriu£lion of a man of tafte, of ge- and haltc. The learned world, howe- 

nius, and of induftry. He comments on vcr,. has eftablilhcd a ommercial treaty 

Hogarrh's works, very beautiful fpeci- of this kihd, wlkrc the lawi of mium 

mens of wh.ch are here given to the ex- and luum are vigilantly obfierved and 

tent of almoa eighty plates, with the rigoroufly exa6^ed. On the whole, we 

difcnminating fitill of an ariirt, and have to thank the author, who has oiir 

with ilie plcaling dcduftions of a mo- hearty gtjod wifhcs, for much enteitaiD- 

ralirt. Ht; gives many original anecdotes nient, fc»r no fmall Hiare of iiiforjnaiion 

of Hogarth, places others in a new and on the fubjcft which he profeffes to il- 

more (Inking point of view, and difco- luftrate, and for producing a book which 

Tcrs a peculiar talent for this f'pccics of niurt be a valuable acccifion tp Englifli 

writing in every part of his work. His literature, and an ornament to the Itate 

work is a fplcndid, and at the fame time of the arcs in this country, 
a chtAp and ufeful one. Of its fuccCt's 

w* cannot entertain the fmalleft iufpi- lo- yfTrrutificn Tropica/ Dijeafa^ on JiffJiti'y 
cion, and would gladly contribute our Op^atlom, and on tit Climate of tkeWtOt 
efforts in prqmoting it. Indies. By Benjamin Mofeley, M, D» 

If Mr. Ireland's work (hall pafs to a &c. &c. (C/:ntinu(dfntH\:il. LXI p, 1133./ 
fecond edi-ion, which may very reafon- IN the Hiliory of Epidemic Dyitn- 
ably be cxpe61cd, there are a few things tcrics. Dr. M. has dcmonftrated, that 
which uc would recommend to his at- the difcafe is a fever of the tntejimt^t de- 
tention as critics and as friends. riving its origin from oljiruQedpcrf^ira* 

In the firll. place wc were very forry iiortf depending on *• fomc fecrei influ- 

at being obliged to notice a greut many ** cnce in the titniofphcie, or fuddcn 

inaccuracies of the prcfs, a f^ult which •* traiifiiions of ttie air, or fuuh other 

becomes the Icf^ ver.ial from its being ** caufes as expol'e people to have this 

fo ob*inus to the commonell readers, <* difcharge haltily llopped :" and from 

from bttrayihg a want of refpeSl for the various opportunities which he has 

thofe who are more enlightened and ac- had of trcdting it, he diaws the follow- 

compliflied, from its being i'o ealily ing imporiani conclufion : that <* he has 

amended and avoided. Pertiaps, from ** uuiveitjiiy found it relieved b/^turn* 

the notes which Mr. Leland has given, " ing back that difcharge to its natural 

many things might be excluded as true " channel by the means of fudorifict, 

and fdniiliar, as having alie.idy floated " and tiiat he has feldom found difii* 

along the current of the town m pcrio- ** culty in removing it fpeedily, when 

dical public.it;ons. Wc icmark that *' taken in the beginning." 
Ml*. Ireland imputes to Mr. Nichols, After defcanting on formulx and me« 

feemi:igiy .«s a fault, that he has ran- dictnes, which have been reputed fpe* 

lacked the contemporary news-papers, by cifics.in the bloody flux, Dr. M. (hews 

catiing an antiquarian drag-net. If this that their beneflcial effeds have really 

he R fault, which, by the way, may be been exerted at the cutaneoas pores, at 
rciifoaablf doubted, for when the eaity diaphoicuc«v xViqm^x\xv% liJ^ Va.\ VJ\« 



>79»'] 



Rev'ew of .Ntw Ptiilualttnt, 



€i 



tberto been ovcr\no\t6 bvpra^itir^ncrs. 
This Dr. M. aCCciXi i^ pecu''irlv,the 
cafe with all aDtimor4ials, afttr th<rir e- 
mettc, or purgative, opcr<ttion i& ov^r. 
Aotimonials alone, or with laudanum, 
ipecacuanha, &c. r?ried according to 
circuinOances, are the principal p^enrs 
tit be cmplovcd ; but Dr. M. obftrves 
that the cure defends •* on a ciutjl 
*' continued con: f'e of (udoriwcs. to U( cp 
** up a fwcar, in extent proportioned to 
** (lie violence of the difc^rcj and not 
"on the tnrting way of givmg ilicm in 
*' fmail doles, while the patient i; tx- 
" pofed, and thtir operation nrglc^ttd. 
" The fudonfic employed muf^ he fuit- 
^^ able to the nature of the fl-.x; the 
"ftagc of it ; and the habit of the pa- 
"lieDt." 

Thi( is the outline of the frrent fvAem 
vhich Dr. M. has promulgated for the 
treatment of epidemic dyfcntorics, whm 
laging in fleets, armies, and populous 
c:ties. Thofe, almoft annual, dyfirnte- 
ric complaints, i^hich appear at the end 
of fummer, he ohfcrvcs, arc c.ilily re- 
moved by purgatives, abrvrbenis, and 
laodynes. 

Dr. ^Vi practice is decidedly, in j^*- 
BCDtyantiphlogiflici and haselUbliftied 
the law of phv6c in the Wcitcrn world. 
Such %vas SyJembainSt and every popu- 
lar piiyfician's on lecord. The extra- 
vagant, and intcxicating doctrine of 
A^'GcXvy is the oflfspring of inexperience 
and theory : — the milchiefs of which, 
have been more extcnfive that is ^ene- 
r^hy known. It is queflionable, whe- 
ther practical writers in medicine haxe 
done more good, than theories injury, 
to mankind. 

Id theory, the IfilioMS remit lent /ever, 
tite putrid biliout fever, and what has 
been improperly called the yei.'oiv Je'^ 
«^r, of the Wed Indies, have been 
ctfnfouDded together. In the prad^ic^l 
«'crk before us, we fee their fpec: fie dif- 
ference } and this knowledge (eems to 
have been much wanttd in the Welt 
indies. 

On the hf\ difeafc. Dr. M. has be- 



As the Latin original is before u», * 
we tiiall, in our next month's Magazine, 
mike our extracts from that, referring 
ojr Englifii readers to the Englilh edi- 
tion, 

(Tt he continued,) 

1 1, vf Vhxv of the fha^'aSfi-r amipuh'ic Sfrvfcgt 
of" John Hownrd ffj. LL. D, F. R, ^\ 
/^v John AiKin, Af. /). 

DR. A: who was confidercd as em- 
ployed uy Wis family a« the profeffional 
bi^•^^:^nh!:^ or thisHcro of T^erjcvolcncc, 
but who declnres tha' ** the prefent un- 
«* dcitukin^ \s perfet^ly fpontancous on 
" his p:i:t, wiihoui^i-.courA.^^cr.icnt from 
•• his relations or icprelcnr irivcy/* (o. 
8.) has txecied the ti(k he iet himlelf 
wi;I, equ.i! credit to himfelf and his (ub- 
}e;*^ : neither tievatinjf h^mfclf on the 
flilrsot inH;ited panegyric, nor degrading 
his compofitiun inro dry minutcnefs. 

The leading fa6ts that he dft^ils in 
Mr. H's life arc, that he was the fon of 
an I'pholderand carpet-warchoui'tman, 
in L'»ng.laDe, Weft Snithfield, born 
about 1727 at Eohejd, educated by a 
DifTcnting ichool-maftcr, whofe inadc- 
quricy to his undcrtakiijg Mr. H. for 
ever lamented. It is cafy to fee through 
all the dif^iiife of tcndernefs which Dr. 
A. rtudi /uflv ihrows over him, that the 
perfon here intended was Mr. Woifley, 
of Hejtford, who fcenis to have hern 
exactly the ch ^ra^tcr, the want of which, 
among the L^ilfenting intercft, is fo feel- 
ingly depiftcd by anotherof ihtir teach- 
ers, himfelf a cla/iilical rchool-maiter, 
anti — nothing el fe (Ice IJX. p. 631). 

0:j the fubjcdt of DilTcntmg education 
Dr. A. has thtfc remarkable obfcrva* 
tions : ** That perfon*, wiiofe own edu- 
*• cation and habits of life have rcudeied 
" them very inndequute judj^ei of tlie 
*< talents necelTiry for an inHruttur of 
** youth (hould eafily fall into this error, 
** IS not to be wondered at ; but the evil 
** is a nal one, though it^ caufc be ex- 
*' cuftable; and as f'mall cunimunines, 
•* with ftrdtig party attachments, arc pc* 
" culiarly liable to this milplaccd coufi. 



f.owcd a differtationof conliderable tx- ** dence, it is right that they, in a pdr- 



tcnt; in which he has ciearly evinced, 
that the jeUo^w fever is an aggravated 
degree of the European caufus. The 
treatife on this difeafe was originally 
publilhed in Larin $ and was Dr. M*s 
inaugural thefis, at the Univerfity of 
Leydcn, under the title, << De Caufu 
Tropico Endemico, five Febre Flava, 
qu2 in Isidm OecideacMlibus obfaifg* 

tUf/' 



** ticular manntr, be put on thcii guard 
" againft it. They wh«» know the Dif^ 
** lenteis will aekno\vlc'j£;e that noric 
•' appear more fenhblcof the imporianc*: 
** of a good education, or lefs fparini" in 
** their endeavours to procure it for 
•* their children ; nor, upon the whole, 
•* can it be laid thai the^ ate uiv^uctc^'*- 
*' ful in their aittmpis, lt^<\ctA\.VtNe\'^ 
** confancd fyRcm of itHiutUou ^^o>^v<<^ 



6(t Riviiw $f New Publuatms^ [JuUi ' 

'* in the public fchnols of thib kingdom '' been the piime objedl of hit reg«r^^ 

*' renders it no difficult toik to \'ic with '* He was left folicicous about model ^•'- 

*' them in the attainment of objc^.i Si of " cpioions than, the ioieroal fpirit. flf.i 

^ reat utilrty. B )t if it be made a *^ piety <iud d^'votion; and in his t,^6g(l^. 

** leading purpofe to train up >outh in " ri^te of diffeicnt religious focieticfcL/. 

'* a certain fct cf opinions, and for that '* the rticunilUnce to which he pruttf^i 

*' end it be thought tlftntiil that the *' cipnliy attended was zeal and iincCjV^V. 

ff mafitr ibould be cho(en from amoi;^ '' rity. As it is the nature of fcflt ift •' 



amoi;g 

♦• ihofe who are the moft clofcly at- 
*' fached to them, it n obvious th^t a 
** fmail commu')itv mufi be under j^tcat 
•• comp^ratifedifad vantages" This it 
one of Dr. A's pertinent and c<indid oh* 
fcrvdtion«. xBot to return. From this 



y. AS It IS tne nature or Icctt m 
'* gcueral to exhibit more earneftocft ui' 



*^ do£)nue and flrid^nefs in difcipli 
" thrti) the£0abli(hment from which thtf '-. 
*' diffeur. It is not to be wondered tt 
** that a pcrfon of Mr. HS difpnfitias 
** ftiould regard the vaiious denominv 



Ichool Mr. H. %vav removed to Dr. " tions of feftsries with prediledton^ ' 

j&ame's academv \ but even there he " and atticli himfelf to their moil dtC* ' 

did not fupply the defeat of h:s earlier '* tinguiUicd members. In London ||t 

education. On his father's death, he was ^' fecms chiefly to have joined the Bap* '. 

bound apprent ce to a whoiefftlc grocer ** tift congregation in Wdd-ftreet, loqg 

in the citv • \vc believe, the father of the '* under the miniAry of the much*rp» 

prefent Alderman Ncwnham. On com- ** fpt£led Dr. Siennet. His connedioqi 

ing of ai?e, a^:eeahly to his father's " were, I believe, lead with that dafi 

%vi)l, he bout^ht out the lemainder of ''called the Ration.il pilfenters ; yet 

liit time, and travelled to Kiauce and ** he probably had not a more intimatt 

Itaiy^ On his return he mixed with " friend in the world than l^r, PricCf 



^e world, and iived as other voung 
S^en of leifure and fortune, indui^ing 
his tafle for reading, and the ft inly of 
nature : the refult of his o'fervations on 
the latfer may be feen in Phil. Tranf. 
LIV. p. 1 18, LV II. p loi i^XI. p. 53. 
His delicate conftiiutiod Dbli^td him 10 
pay paiticular attention i<> hik health, 
and kerp out of town. A^ a retu n of 
gratiiude* for her care qf him in hi& i|l« 



'* who always ranked among them, \t 
'* was his conftant praft^ce to joia ia 
*' the fervice of the EiUblifliment wbca 
** he had not an oppoitunity of attend* 
in^ a place of D (Tenimg worfliipi ai\d 
thou^^h he was warmly attached ^ 
ilic interells of the party he efpoufcdt 
^* )ei he had that true fpirit of CathoU« 
'' ciim wiTich led him to honour Yir« 
** tue and R: ligion whenever he fouod 



«< 



ficfs, to Mrs. Sarah Laideau, or Loi- ** them, and to regard the memmi only 
dore, a widow, with wliom he lodged ** i^ tUey wer<; fubleauent to fhe'#«4C^ 
at Stoke Newington, he maiiied her, To the propriety of thefe rtflcftion^ wf 



thf-ujj;h twice Ins aue and extrciPcty 
6ckly; and Ihc lived three ye*ark a::er 
tier martiage. " His lii>ciahty, w;:h 
" refpect to pccuniaiy concerns, was 
*' early dtfplayed, and at no time of h'S 
** life docs he Itiin to have conhdcrcd 
" money in i.ny uther light than as an 
" iiiPirumtnt of proem in^ liappincfV to 



mof) cordially fublcribe. We ate Qf 
opinion, Dr. Price's abilities as a Philo* 
topher was the foundation of Mr. I^*s 
(Mtachment to him^ 

He was crtattd (rather eUBed) F. R. 
S 1756 y in which year, after the death 
of his wife, he fet out on his tour, and 
after a few months returned and Icitleid 



**' himfeU and oihcis.— Hi:» a;t»chment on his tHate at dirdington in Bedford^ 

(hire, in 175S he made a very fuitabl^ 
match with Miis Henrietta. Leeds, eldeft 
dr.ughter of Edward L. elq. of Crou- 
ton, Cambiicgefh.ic, king'k Icrjcaot, 
and p'jrchalcd W^tcontbe, in the New 
Forelt, Hamj'fhire, 'vhere he cortinued 
thiecor four years, and leturned to Car- 

•• ifts. Cut though he lecrrii early to dingion. His mADiter of Inc, extcnfive 



" to rclleiou \\<x\ a prmcipie imbibed 
** fiom his earlieO st n^, which cuni.i- 
•• nucd fleady and unitoin: throuj^h Iik. 
•* The body of Cliiiitians to \vl;i»m he 
" (M:iiCLi!<iily united himfelf was the 
•* ji'dcpcr.dctij*, and hi', jviu-m of be- 
'• litf was tliat of the ih(;v!.r:itc CAJvin- 



*' have made up I. is niiiu!, ab :o the 
**dod:ine he tin-j^Iit btfl founded, 
'• and ihv mrdr d""' \m Ihip he moft ap- 
•' provtd J yet religion, ahliia£lcdly con- 
'* lidcrcd as the lelaliiii between Man 
^* an^ Jj;s iSi.^Ker, iii>d the grand lup- 
**fui£ of irorallc' , .j'icti* to iuvc 
7 



chaiities, and concern for ihe happineff 
and improvement of his poor neigh* 
hours there, are well detailed. The 
fchools which he tdab ilhtd there he 
fupported to the la(l, when at the great- 
eft diftance from them. Independence 
andloxc oi Qidu^iid te^vxUiU^ were 



I^3«] RiviiW §/ Niw PuhlUathns^ 63 

■rfy fnlbioe festurct in \\\% cfiara^er, " divi^luals, bv irmcTcs not interdi^e<t 

Hwcflas iiinpliciiv of manner^, ilict, *< to him. ]c would he ^rr?.t prrrum|>- 

•iddrrfi. He loft his ftcord wife in ** li^n in me r> dt-ridc nhich of chcfe 

rl5t fern ahcr de'ivcry of licr only ** determinations i^ nic (t frinfnrmable 

iiii*d« HfS rFC'^tfPent nf ilvs child '* to diirv. In (.la, rht ii- is fniy a choice 

ftc*cd rhar,* '* regardinir rhiUtrrn as *• ofdfficuIiir'.,^nd il.t ilf ci'in . ^' 'wti n 

"datum poCeflfd of firone p'ffions ** rhcni muft hf leftroeverv man's o^vll 

•nd dcfirrs, wTthnut region a-^i! ex- " feelings, wliich, if h's inten'ions be 

^pcncrce .ctcot«rrtiul them, bethought '* v.of^ iinil honcO, will fcarccly lead 

•ih*! Natuic ftr fTird a* it wr I c i«» tn^ik •* him wkirl'. Uut it wjis pt-ic ly 

*th«BO-jt ai <\3^jc£t5 of ibiolu'c avirhn- *» fu-t.ib!ct') Mr. \\*% chr»rafter to mnke 

"litT, and ihat ihc fiifl and fundi- •• option of xh*^ $^c§ HAtth tb* btizur^i 

* neatal principle to be iiicnlcarrd on •• for n* on the one fMn-J no C"»^'*'»"n- 

■•t^ein *vas 'tnpHcit xnd unlimtcd »«be- *• tion on eath cnuld have induced Iiim 

"diioce." As Dr. A declirci rcvring " ti> violate his rclii>ious principles i (b 

Dm cwtrorrrfy on this mode of conduct *' on the other, his 46livc di(pot'itua 

nd its cffL^Sy we alfo /hall u-^ve it, '* and Kc.ql for the p<ihlic good flmn^fly 

•ittiout hav'fijr chapped our opinion, or •♦ ini'^icllcd him to alTamc a flatioa ia 

fcbficfibin^ to his, that '* as to the tft'cA ** ^\liich thcCc qwalitits ivouM have fiee 

"of luch conduft on the \outh's mind '* fcupe ff>r e<cition ; and ak to perfonat 

"(tfthat, and not intention, he the •' h^iard that was never an ob!)ac!e ia 

■•cireumftaDCCs on which Mr. H's vin- ** his way. There mav becaluiOs who 

"Citation ih co depend), Icor.fider it a^ a '* will condeinn rhi; choice, and regard 

"'MDifeft impf'lUbihiy that coot- mding ** le as a feri>)u^ (.fltVnct: a^Minlt the laws 

^iht ekiiJ fho; Id hare been the caufc " of his country, to h^ivc taken upo* 

**of the f^atajf man*5 tnfanity.*' Dr. A. '* him an office uithout complying witk 

**thaks it hiiitily probable that a father "its pieliminary conditions. But I 

"wboic prcfcncc was afTociattd with '^ CMiccive the fincere phJanthrcpiH 

*tlic perception of rcfirainc and rcfufal " will rather m^ike a ditfcrcttt i-LflciOii^n, 

^flioutd always have infpired mure awe ** and feel a (hock in thiiikin^ ut^t, had 

*'ihan affeAfon, and fbould never have " Mr. H. hrcii influenced by '.h.-ic ap* 

"cicatcd that filial confidence which is " prchenfi'ns, which wojid Lav: ope- 

"baih the inoft pleaHng, and the moft " rnitd up'^n m'ift men, he would have 

"falutarv of the f'et.timents attending ** b'.en cxc'iiiJ.d fnim thu liiuatioK 

••that reiation. And tliit has been the ** wlpch gave otCi-.fDn to all rholc fLr- 

"great e*il of thai rigor"Us mode ** vices which he rtmUrcd to hum4ni- 

" rf education, once fo general, and '* ty in his own C(>':n'iv, and thrfUj^h- 

"ftdl frequent, among perfons of a •* out Europe. " /*. .;F — 51. Wnat a 

•• particular peifuafion.'* 1* 46, 47. fine but ftvcic i(j1c.*iii:i i!;i^ oji tl.e 

Mr. H's publichfe hej(ins/ithis bring condu^^ of trffc who ate forcing ihcir 

appointed high Oicriff of Bcdfordfliire, way mto the h-M.oors and r fliccs of 

The remarks his biographer makes on their countiv, wliuthcr it c^lis foi their 

this occasion breathe fuch a fpirit of fervices oi no;, or whciiitr th' ir t'ienis 

impartiality and candour, that we ran* cjualify them to fill them ! Tiufc vioUnt 

Bcx forbear inferting them at large : ioints take the kingiluin of earib by 

** When a principled D. (Tenter, whofe force. 

«* cunditioo in life |>tiiiiir« himtoafpire In 1774 he wis prevailed on to offer 

*' to the honour of (erving his country hiinrcif a candil.itc to reprefcnt the 

" in fomc pofi of magiflracy, rcfledls on to-\n of I^-dr.->id in Pgntumcxa ; but 

** his (ituaiion, he finds that he mud fdiicd on hi^ prti'ion. 
*« make hiselr£ti(»n of one oi the thite M:*. fiS hwmanity li-d him to realize 

"following determinations. He muft th-itacepnintance with the interior 'f pri- 

** either comply \M:h a religious rite of (on<k, whicii he had had an aflualt'oietafle 

" aoothei churchy merely on its being of, whto he w.n induced by a fTngular^ 

^^ made the condition of recciring the b'lt wiut, favs Dr. A. I ffi )u!d ca!I a 

*' office, or take upon himlclf the of- fubhme curiofitv, to vifit Liil>ou, then 

*' Hcc n^'ithout lucb conipliance, un* lv:ni^ in the rtccni ruins of its terrible 

" der all the haaard th>it attends it \ f»r eiuho'iake; aud in France he endured 

'' be muA (it down under that. ftfr/?/f9« feme of the hardlhip> of a pvifoner of 

'^ from public charges, which the (Urc in wur, and became acquainted with the 

•• iff wifdomhasin)/>oirdu/?c?/7h/m, \*us fiMijrings of hii countrymen in the fime 

^6cd¥rHbptomoiingtkM\stlhnoi\fi' Ji :y<ricn. T\k1c »n hi% rAv*uV\t toa^c 



64 Rivitw •f New PutHc^tiwtm [J^^* 

known to the commifllontrs of Ack and Mr. H. took a feeond tour of Europe 
wounded fcameo^ and received their in 1778 and i779> extending his en- 
thanks. He began his ideas of pnfon q<]iries tu hofpttah, and publiflied in 
reformation with the tnorinouit ftes^c* 17S0 an Appendix to the State of the • 
mandcd of the prifoncri acijinttcd or Pfi(r>ns. Tiit prifons in Holland, and 
difcharged without trial, for wiiofe re- the hospitals in [ralv> are entitled to his 
lief, and for prefcrving the health of wanncfl approbation. *• The galU\$_ 
prifbners, bills were paffcd in 1774. " belonging to various dates in Italf, 
Mr. H.' vifittd in peifon moft of our ** uftd for puniflimcnt, tT»«y be ufefuHy 
county gaols, bridewells, houfes of cor- ** compnrcd with our buiks \*' (p. ^7.) 
reftion, city and town gaols', and re- though Mr. H. did not much approve 
ccived the thanks of the Houfe of Com- the latter. His wifhes to clofe his la« 
mons, to whom he dedicated, 1777, his hours here, and retire to the tranquil 
firft publication, in a quarto of near enjoyment of that competence PruvU 
500 pages, the refult of a feeond view dencc had bellowed on him, were ioter- 
of his own country prifons, and niany ruined by a call on him from the hifrhcft 
in France, Flanders, HoUand, anJ Ger- authority, to fuperiniend the conHruc- 
many. It was prmted at Warrington tion of the penitentiary houfes, in con« 
under his own infpeftioo; he rifing at junction with Dr. Fothergill and Mr« 
three in the morning, in a very fcvcre Wh^ttly, trcafurer of the Foundling 
ifvinter, to con eft the prefs; and by his hofpital ; but a difference in opinion ari* 
liberality in difperGng h^s book, as fing as to the fpot to ere£l them on, and ' 
well as fixing bis price low, he may the Doctor dying foon after, Mr. H. 
be faid, bad every copy been fc'd, to rcligned his office. UnfatisBed, bow- 
liave made the publick a prefcnt of the ever, with his former cxtriions, and 
plates and great part of the printing, wilhing to obtain further information 
** On his return from his tour he took on his favourite fubjcfts, he fet out in 
^' all his memorandum book^ to an old 1781 on a tour to the capitals of Den* 
** retired frieud, who affilUd him in mark, Sweden, Rulfia, and Poland, and 
** methodizing, and copied them all employed the following year in another 
** fair in corrc£i language. They were complete furvcy of the prifuns in £ng- 
^' thus put into the hands of Dr. Price, land, Scotland, and Ireland. He went 
*^ from whom they underwent a revi- over Spain and Portu^^at, 1783 ; and a- 
^' (ion, and recieved occaflonaily confi- gain ic-vifued Great Britain and Ireland, 
*' derable additions." P. 64. The refult of thefc vifits are again con* 
Dr. A. eives an abflrafl of Mr. H*8 tinucd in an Appendix, and a new edi- 
ftveral rtlcdiches and publications on lion, 1784, of his main work. " Mr. 
this fub]t:6l, which our limits do not '* H. had been anticipated, in his furvey 
permit us to tranfcnbc, or his ju- ** of the prifo*ns in the Northern king* 
dicious and humane reflexions ari- '* dom, by that we^j. informed traveller 
fing from it. In 1776 the number of '< Mr. Coxe, who pubiifbed a pamphlet 
pritbners in England and Whiles, under *< on the fubjeft, 1781, to which Mr. 
their feveral cUiTcs, amounted to 4048, " H. refers with commendation." Hoi- 
and the infc£tcd flate of their bodies land he ever found the moft fertile 
and minds may be eafil-y conceived, fource of inftru^licn in this branch of 
To obtain accefs to the French priions police. His predileXion for the Spanifli 
he availed himlelf of, a benevoUnt rule chara£ler was notdiminilhed by bis vifit 
cAablilhed 1717, which permits any to that country. In 1782 he did not 
perfon to dlHribute a/mi to the prifonrrs find one perfon afi'cXed with the gaol 
with his oun hands. Mr. H's id<?a of fcv^r ; but in 1783 he had the mor- 
the nfermuiion of crintinals, and Dr. tiricarion to obleive feveral prifoDt 
A's of a fret prefs, dcfcivc the clofcli through original bad conflrudion and 
attention of all true patriots. Notwith- neglc6l leiapung to their former fiate. 
Handing the fevere trials to which the In 178:! he fet o\i\alone on a tour to vi- 
latter expofes Rlviewe&s, who, if fit the iazarettoes, and obtain every in* 
they do their duty, mud fpeak their formation rerpe£ting the plague, and 
fcntiments, without referve, of thofe travelled through Fiance to Nice, Ge* 
who abufe that freedom to licentiouf- noa, Leghorn, Naples, Sicily, Malts, 
ncfs^ luch is the efiedl of the buill of Zmte, Smyrna, to Conftantinople, and 
Libeity-— it feduces the old and inter- returned by Smyrna to Venice with a 
tf^ed, and bewilders the young and in* Joul bill that would neccflarily fubjedt 
•jftiicucidf philoCopht:rs, him w iVi« u\n\u^ u^q\xv <i^ vVa '^wace^t. 



1^92.] Rttfiew 9/ New Puhlitatsoni. 65 

He nurrowly efcaped being i«kcn by a Mr. H has been fuppofed the pecu- 

Tuniiiio' corfair, and being blown up liar patron of Jb/itay tPufinemtnt, ;.nd 

by his own captain to avoid flavery. la Irs recommendation *' has caufcd it to 

the dole of I7S6 he quitted his difa* *< be adopted in various places, but ii> a 

ffteeable quarters in the lazaretto of "degree beyond his intention 
Venice, where hii health and fpirits fuf- 



lered conlideiablv. At Vienna he had 
• private audience of an hour and a half 
with the late Emperor, who ilTued im- 
medi^itc orders for the relief of prifoners. 
While abroad this time he received 
from J^ngl.^nd two pieces of intelligence, 
both of which diflreiTed and harraflcd 



H( 
** well knew, from manifell obfcrva- 
** tion, that human nature could not 
•« endure, fcr a long time, coniincmenc 
** in peipctual folitudc. He had letn tl e 
** moft drf'perate and relra6lory. in fu- 
' leign countries, tamed by it 1 he 
*• theicforc piopofed in i^ur own pr.fons 
** temporary treatment of this k.rd. as 
" the moft etfcflual, yet lenient mode 
•• of fubduing the ferocity of the cri- 



«( 



bit mind, though the emotions they ex- 
cited nr^uft apparently have been very 

different. The melanchcly derange- "minals; but he ntvcr thought of its 

ment of mind into which his Ton had ^' being made the fmtcnce of ol!*endtis. 

fallen, and which after various in- ** during the otWr ttrm of their iin- 

" piifonment ; fuch hting nor only ex- 
" trcme, and fcarccly jutiifiablclcveriiy. 



iiciiic, ana icarceiy juiimauie feverity, 
" but inconlintnt wiih the dtljgn of re- 
"claiming ihtni to habits of induflrv 



" by haid labour. He indeed univer- 
« h!ly approved ^\ nu^Lfnal filliuAe^ as 



(lances of (Grange and uncommon bcha- 
▼ioar terminated in decided infanity. 
The other, a fcheme fet on foot to do 
honour to him in a manner almofl un- 

Srecedentcd in this age and country. 
"^tthout attemptimf^ to trace it to its origin 
It may fuffice to (ay, that in a periodical " ^ifibrding an upportuMry fur kiioui 
woikof extenlive circulation the pub- " reflection, and preventing thofc plans 
lie were called upon to teftil^y their re- 
fpc6t for Mr. H. by a fubfcription for 
ereAing a ftatue, or fomc other monu- 
ment, to his honour. This force upon 
his natural ch<irA£)c*r is well derciit>cd, 
and juHly ccnfured by his bio^^rapher. 
Mr. H. was condemned to bep, ut) this 
hoMnut eible perfecution \ the bulir.cls was 
dropt during his life, and what iLinriincd 
unclaimed by the fubfcrtbcrs, li is lince 
hit dca?h been augmented, an I app.o- 
priited to a mociu'^icnt to hi*! mei;i:;iy 
in St. Paul's cathedral, for whi'li 
fee an epitaph propofcd in p. iz. In 
1787 and 1788, he re-vifued 1 ihiul, 
to rcflore the Piotcftant charter -fch.-ol*!, 
which h^d been (haniefully nc^!e6\i.d 
and milieprcfented, and hi» houle in hi^ 



*• of mil'chicf, and mutual cncuuiasc- 
•• mcnts to villainy, wLich arc cciiani 
♦* t) trike, place an.oii^ Ci»n?i^.s whta 
" kit ?o luid tngLtiier wjiiiOwt iiifotc- 
*' tion.** p. 170 — 172. 

'J'hc cnumctaiion of all the piifbiu.-s 
in Kiiglund, at his %ii.t% in J7S7 and 
i7f.S, fhcws an alain.inn incrca'c. 
though in lome i;:is(uif» to be account* -.1 
lot In. Ml a lung kifjLnr..;f» of ilic uiu.il 
irantpiMtaiKut. 'lMn.\ aiito'.ii'tti! to 7.yo2. 

Mr. \i. itr-.ni-td Ik c .\ ili.rt time hc 
lioii'C mIilt priKt^u' tl'.iS V ('.!.; en (!m: 
coiuiufioii of w hjs.il \x :, . ! J.»:.i .4 
Ins intLniif-n \\v'*''n 10 r»-fvi:ir Kuili*, 
'1 iirkiv, ani! w-.k- Titiki/h i'on'iitif.»:... j;i 
Ah.., li^j-pt, Jl-.d ]•. !r:):.iy, ^ju! cxtu..'.- 
ir<^ his :<;uis i:i tl.'.- i!:sl','f:v :n a ilrious 



abfencc received a vjfit from ?s fim^uLr dciilttnic'conv (^"^-oii tiMt I'l u- .j n-sr- 

a character as himftlf, Lord M<>!iboi!du. fuitii; :iie pniii i.| !iis di :v. liC n: ..,o!lJ 

His accuoni of lazarettos, and tlie re- to ui.dcnakc t!ii« lii^iuifjs '-tune/ 

fult of his fubfcquent journics, were \v!?ht»u: :.n /!:e:v'?.ri, Iiai! ntirV.ij icr- 

publifbcd in 17S9', 410, and almoft im- rant, t)y the n.; :l ur^cn: \'.\.l df.j...:;- 

inediately bought up. "Such,** fays ate tiiCiv.a:ic^, c-L;;..:;.^'J j»i.i .:.i:f.. rni...c- 

Dr. A. in a note, p. 1^4, •* is the ncj;- compmy ruin, liii l,«i i^ni., j,, j);. 

•* ligenee and abl'urd'iy refpeiting iiic Pmc, S-.pr. 12, i;b9, lays •• liib i:jtd:- 

•• retjulatmg the quarantine of />»ry«,vi, *' 01 ;.C4;i,i!iir«rcC /.vc |.i:i» but luilc 



*' that 1 have been aflurcd a naval 04I1- 
*' cer has been -called out of the oi'da* 
•' huul'e to gu on board bin Ihip and per- 
•• form qu-uantine." If this be true, 
to what end the nieafures pretended to 
b: ado{Hcd againft the pl^i^ur, or what 
Che chance, humanly fpeaking, that 
any kmgdum efcii/vs its rsrn^rs ? 
'Gmht. Mao« jsisman; t^^j. 



•* iiopcthdt lii: III. .-.lid c:iap.il.ep!j|-ut.** 
( Iv bi (ckt:auci/.) 

Jl. j4 r-. -'!../• /;.-,.-.•. J I f(,.( tie V'.rVfff.ty of 

i.'j.i;' I., j't , in :liji,zk.i biiml «y in .-lu.^u;, 
Dew. J, 1791. i>'v j.-liu haildw St-a'c, f.i^*. 
/. IK. S. ii.'l -.c s- Lhiift Cl:-.:ie!i Culle^e, 

I'lvOM i*lv»H. XV ;. \. iV, \\\^ \>vjt\v.\ 



I 

66 Rivino of Niw PuUicats$ii§*'^Fdriign Literary InUlltgence. [Jan. 



takes occafion to (hew that o«r StYiour 
in bis account of his coining to deftroy 
Jeiuf^ilem, and the Je\vi{h policyy reafont 
anahgleallj, and applies the fame phr^ifes 
to his coming to judge the world That 
no ^/r/0NW coming is mentioned, for m 
the parallel pniTages of Mark>and Luke 
it i» the kingdom of Odd that is to come. 
Dr. P <ftleihwa'ic, now maHer of Tii- 
niiy College, had applied the fame me- 
thod of explanaris-n to the prophecy of 
Ifaiah'io Ahaz, (vol. LI p. 179) The 
words of his hour the /on knowcth »o^ 
Dr. S. t.xpJain* of his not being C'romif- 
fioncd in hi^ liunMn nature to icveai. 

1 3. 7\'ermir: cf i\frs. Pil1inKtot>,yrom her Birth ; 
corfahiirg a Faritty fj Matter luMcrouit the' 

Atueat, huijicuh ami . ; ivith (opia of 

ovie:i.al I etti/Sf ncio in the h'ofjejpon cf the 
Fuhlijl'tr^ lurit/cn hy Afrs. Billnigtt^n to her 
Xo/hfT the /ate Mrs. Wcifchcl, a Dedica" 
tioH, (trd a ftefatory AH-lrefu 

A DISGRACE to biography; which 
if i;lic compiler and pubJifher are not 
ai3)amed to have exp^fed, the readers 
ought to be aniamcd to read. The fur- 
reptitious publication of priv^ite corre- 
ipundence we have reprc'.ieudcd iu ano- 
ther inHancc, LXL 944 

Foreign Ln erarv (ntelligence. 
Paris. Rupfort fur Us Exhumations 
du Cimeiien & ae I' E^ life da Saints In* 
nodfts, &c. — Report of i he Exhumations 
of the Burial-place and Ckweh of the 
Holy InnotentSt read at the Meeting of 
the Royal Society «/ Mtdidm, held at 
iki Louvre, March 3, 1789, hj Mr, 
Thourct, Doclor-te^ent of the Faculty of 
Medicine f j^to. — Since the year 1186, 
when the church-, ard of the Holy In- 
nocents, then very ancient, was inclofed 
with walls, it has been the conflant bu- 
rial-place of fevcral pariflics. The 
number of dead brought thither was al- 
\vays confidciable; and, in lefs than 30 
years, the lafl fexton interred there up- 
wards of 900,000 corpfcs. In a fpace of 
Httic more than 1700 fquare fathoms 
were accumulated thoufands of dead 
boditj, of which, for the mod pait, it 
or 1$ hundred were laid together in one 
conuron grave of 25 or 30 feet deep. 
The tfT-uvia of this vail maTs of corrup- 
tion, cxtliing in the midH of a populous 
city, penetiaicd the cellars of the neigh-* 
bouiing houics; and fome dangerous 
difeafcs having broken out in its vicini- 
ty, apparently in confequence of them, 
jc tvas dcttrmincd to attempt in part its 



removal. In about fix moDtht a An- 
turn of the tainted earth eight or tea 
feet thick was carried away, to render 
the furface level with that of the Areet* 
The graves that were opened were co« 
vered with folid mafonry ; and a thkk 
layer of cement, to intercept any exha* 
lationt. was la d over all. An under* 
taking finguJar in its kind could not bnt 
afford new objc£ts to the obferver. Th« 
mod remaikabie appearance was the 
converlion of mod of the foft parts of 
the body into an uniform^ white, flabby 
fubftance, called by the grave-diggers 
fat (gras). This was extremtly com- 
mon. In we:l-prefcrved coffins, the 
earth furrounding which was tinged 
with a very deep black colour, were 
found the grave-clothes in a ftate of 
freflintfs, iacJodng bodies not at all 
changed in bulk ; and on uncovering 
thefe the fleU) appeared well prcfervedj 
except that it was changed into the a- 
bovementioncd fuhftance. The eyes, 
eye- brows, and hair, were perfe£), and 
the faity fubHance was found in all the 
V fcera, and even within the bones. 
M. de Fourcroy, who has analyfed this 
fubllance, confiders it ns an ammoniacal 
fuap^ mixed with a fmall portion of ex- 
tra£)ive matter, and three phoiphtiric 
falts. Ic bears con(iderabIe analogy to 
fperma^eti. The converHon of hodiet 
into this matter is fpeedy : for, a few 
excepted, all the bodies contained in 
the iail large graves, that had befn 
ihut only five years, were completely 
changed into ft. This change appears 
to have taken place only in common 
graves: hence, in the exhumation of 
the cemetery of Rambouillet nurhmg 
like it was found, but, on the contrary, 
many more dry mummies, which occur 
only in iingle graves. ** Jt ik not, then, 
" into earth," fays Dr. T. «* as has 
** commonly been fuppofed, that bo* 
'' dies are changed, iince no trace of 
'' caith is found in the bell preferved 
** cofhns. Nor are they the food of 
" vxornis, which are only develc>ped by 
*' cxpofure to the air, and traces of 
** which were found only on certain bo* 
** dies, that had been long expofed to 
** it, under particular circumRanceSy 
" previous to their interment. But, ^s 
** Bcchci^ fuppofed, bod:cs exhale, eva* 
'* |. orate in gas, or volatile and fagaciqus 
** principles, &c.*' Ahhi7effitr, Jour* 
nal dts Sfa*van%, 

Paris. Le Mufeum de Fl^rmee, 9c 
'^^fhi Fioreniitu Mufeum %or a ColU&un 



1792.1 



Littrarj httlSgtna.—lnitx Indicatorius. 



67 



rffie e^gravid Gems^ Siatuis, MtJah, 
mid fiamtJHgj, Mi Fioreocc, principalis 
a ibi Cmhima tf tbi Grmnd Duki tf Tul- 
cany: gmgrmved by Mr, D<ividi luitb 
Explmnatt9ms im Frtmeb^ bj Mr, Mulct, 
D, D. y^l. /.—The Latin work of the 
celebrattd Gori, entitled Muf^um Fi»- 
nrniimum^ being far too coftly for mod 
amateurs, Mr. David formed the defign 
of copying it in a left eipcnfive ftyle, to 
diffeminitc more widely the knowledge 
of this literary treafurt. He has en- 
deavoured to prefcrve every beauty in 
the engnvings of Gori, and, in our 
opinion, his performances arc nowife 
iiferior to thofe t>f the Italian artids. 
The explanations with which they are 
tceompaoicd are the work of one who 
his already acquired fome repuuiion in 
the literary woild ; and we find in them 
the moft profound erudition, and accu- 
rate refcarch, adorned with taile and 
defiance. Mr. Mulct has not lervilely 
followed the lieps of Gori ; he has re- 
courfe to the fountain-heaJ, the bed 
works of the ancients, and frequently 
points out the errors of his predccedor, 
ras well as of other celebrated antiqua- 
ries : but when he ventures to do this, 
it is with the pen of candour, and on 
the mod weighty authorities.— The fird 
daft of this firft volume exhibits the 
ponraits of the Empeiors, of Caefar, 
and of a great number of illuihious 
Romans and their wives. To each of 
thefe portraits Abbe. M. hat added what 
bittory has left u:> mod cirriain and 
ftriking relative to the life and charac- 
ter uf the perlon ; fiequently adding 
bis own remaiks on the various telli- 
monies of hidorians. Unbiafl'cd by the 
pinegytick laviCbed on fomc, and the 
ccafure indifcriminately thrown on o- 
thers, he endeavours to |j|ace the good 
and bad qualitie« of every one in tht-ir 
proper light ; to dcte6l the faults ot the 
hero, and point out the virtues of him 
who obtcurcd them by his vices. His 
Trajan, Plotina, and Marcus Aure- 
bus, are indances of the former; his 
Prulemy Vhiladclphus, of the latcer. Of 
Anacreon he gives a very amiable cha- 
ra^er ; the chara6)cr ot- a true piiilolo- 
phtr, happy 10 the enjoyment ol the io- 
fioccnt pleafures of life. The charges 
of grofs libeituiil'm and debauch<:ry laid 
to him he abiy endeavours to refute. 
His character of D:ogcne« wc ihmk 
mcie ftriking than that of Abbe Bar- 
thclemy. ** Frcni a coiwer he became a 
^ ptiUflopber, and his JcJibns ictaiaed 
J 



** the features of his former habits t he 
'< falfified phiiofophy, as he had done 
'* coin. The fcft of the cynics he prc- 
'* ferrcd to all others. It cod him little 
** like them to renounce wealth ; as he 
** had none to renounce. The man who 
'* has nothing to lofe, may let the 
'* world at dcf.ance with iirpunity. A 
** (ingle porringer, a tub for a dwelling, 
^< a cloak, and a wallet, were the fum 
^* of his poflcfTions : yet this guife of 
'' modcRy did not conceal his pride, 
*' which burd through every covering. 
*' His reply to Alexander, his fcarch after 
" a man wiih a lanthorn at noon, diC- 
'' clofc his chara£^er. The indelicacy 
** of his manners gave occalion to tt;e 
'* faying, that we mud not look to the 
" byttom of his tub : and it may be 
" prefumed, that the few virtues he had 
'' were conditutional, and not happy 
'' difjyofitions of the mind, or laudiblc 
'' vi^orics over his palfions. To the 
" gaiety of his temper he was indeb'cd 
'< foralmod all his fame." Annii Liu. 
Neuwied. The Roman town, of 
which we have already mentioned ihe 
dilcovery, appears from an inlcription 
to have been in a flounfliing d.ite in the ^ 
year 246, though it was probably taken 
and rated by the Germans about the 
end of the third century, ai the coins 
thrit have been found come no 1 jwcr 
thin the £lmpcror Gallienus. The ear- 
lied i< one of Tiberius. The reiiMrk 
which h^s been made in a former vo- 
lume, that the inCcription fhewt the 
datue that was found to hive belonged 
to a temple or chapel, i& erroneous, ic s 
is dedicated to the Collegium vtHoritufium 
Ji^ntferoTum by the BajuU & f^eXiUarit, 
Jen. Alig, Lit. Zeit. 

INDIX INDICATORIUS. 

We take in good part the reprchenfiofit 
of SupHiSTA CANTAsaioxessis. Till we 
have feen, liovvever, a liiecimen of the plan 
he mentions, we can only fay that there donti 
not appear to us any objection to it. 

The Obfervaiions on the Woodcock, LXI. 
1079, are, by nii error of the prefs, dated ^ 
•« Dec. 9," i.idead of *« 6^7. ^" 

Cnc who " has neither leifurc nor incl. na- 
tion to pemfe Lsrge works," aiiu, whu i\ is 
lh< bed CcmjftnJ.'uM of j^cUit mnd Mod'f. h'rjm 
/pr>', aiiil IS ihc bed [loni;in liiitory tro.Ti i:\c 
foundation to l^ie (fednit^tion of th.it empire. 

Mr. Sh A w's Q^ierics ui our next ; v\ i:I) a 
dialogue of FuMiwHiionsrr!auvct»> the Rcl*<^t 
applied for by Rom An C?.ll\oV\c* \ tt\i.^Vv^ 
a^-iind Burke, N° 1.-, L — ^ — r. ',1— vi — ^ \ 
All 0:ju Fua i &c. S^c. hi.z. l;.w. kc. ^c 



68 Sthii Poitryy Ancient and Modern^ far January,- 1792. 



V£RSZf J^DDTvESSfD TO Ml6$ SeW^RD, 

ON THE SUDL.EN DEATH OF HER 
FAVOURlTi: LAP-DOO, SaPPHO. 

Bv W. GRovt; Es<^. of Lichfield. 



c 



Now fcenes of aweful goodnfefs meet bi| 

eyes- 
Here he ^c^^oU^ the Chriftian Hero rife : 
Whftte'cr in theory the Roman trt«ighc 
I< I'erc ifn"provM, and into pra^ico hroui^ht x 



EASK, rentie Maid, to died the frequent Here Grace completes what Reaf.;n firil be** 



le.^.r 



:?.n, 



ri^at i'inr: tl^e luftre of thy beamy eyes : And God fiiprlics the impotence of maa. 

Cri'f and Ivr ren^^iiug Inxuncs forbear, Kirkhy Ln^fJaUt Off. 3, I735. 

N..r lon:,^r l.c.ve tUol.: un^.v^ilmg fighs. ^ j^ „^ Cawthorn's Memoir* wM 

Say, fli.iU '.hat heart, wiih nobleft pafTions omiitcd to b- noticed, that hi< *'EpJftIc from 

x*.ai:T», [reft; Abe'ard to Eloifa" was firft pnbhihed iQ 



Whcic Fiit'Hirtiip nnd her tra-n dchphtto 
That 11 ind, where fwuCe and playful farxy 
charn^, . - 

Ky fond oiiremes of pity fi:ilt oppref&M ? • 

What iho' ihy fav'rite with her pailmjj hrcalli 
Imj^'.orV rhy lurcnur iti a picrcint; yell. 

And uvn)'d to craxe U)y kind re^rds in 
dearh. 
As at thy feet in mortal trance (he fell ; , 

What iho', when Fate's rtfiftlefs mandr.te 

came, [fave ; 

Tliy friendly hand was ftretchM in vain to 

Yet can that han^l h:;ftow a deathlefs fame. 

And pUnt ui.fading flowers around her 

f.rave ; 

Then let thy (trains in plaintive accents flow, 
bo 111. ill thy much-Iov'd bappho Aill htr- 

fglow, 



1747, Sec Gen:. Mag. vol. XVil. p. 548. 
To Dr. CEOIIGE HORNE, 

BlSH"P OF NORWICH, 

On heart ffg that be had enti^ly Jt^ tbt V/t of ti» 

R.'g-'t'hand ♦. 

TEACrlER of youth, bleft comforter of ' 
age, 
Whp well haft ticlden life's |>rifn[|atic ftage | 
Wbofe pen to myriads hatii ibufe founds coo* 
vey'd, [prayed j. 

To which rapt David fang, while Ifracl 
1 note thy lof> : *tis Heaven's high meflagef 
fent [tent. 

To teach thee paticncft, and the world con-' 
Soon as I hisard thine hand was numh*d,m]r 
own [fsk groan* 

Caught a new pulfe, that footh'd the heart* 
Humanity was ^riev'd at this thy call. 
But felt it as a folemn charge to alU 
If ihos we view our cedan droop, anon 
ri.us if, pr-r.hance, tlwr fplendid amber folds ^,*^^^ may ex,>ea ihoA..A. of Lebanon? 
Sonic tuiy infea m :rs cryftal womb, ^^' "»« ! tliat ner^eleb hand, how erft em- 

' ploy d 

In jiving joy to all who re.d life enjoy'd ! 
That hand, fo hte replete with ficred fire. 



YJVC 



So fliall her bcantie*: ihine with brighter 
And in ihy matchlefs verfe for ages live. 



Vhilf its r.we form ihecnhouri eycbcholdS, 
1 he repide Ihares the glories of its tomb. 



Y 



M r. U •< B A y , S'effifU, T.t^r 1 2 . 

OL' R accurate publication of the Me- 
moMS of Mr. Cawthorn, vol. LXI. 



Which tuned t(» loftier notes ev'n David's 
lyre I [foKhicW 

Thr.t h.ioil wlii<:h, armM by wit, c luld grace- 



fCicZi. cntitKs you to jratitadc^ If, t'!ere- ^ J''''"^^;fj r"'''"^'' ^'"'^ '" *''^"'*'' ^*^ 



fo»r, ihc K>lU»wjiigcoj y of me tf lii? juve- 



nile «<.!n|'.<^fition< 



*riS r«r 



micfttt!, he ihc ught 



wiuMiv of \ii\\v lUilivio, it is .it yeur fervicc. 
Your>, &c. Edw. Gooowin. 

O.N Sir Richard Stfele's Chixstian 

H r. R o. 

'TWAS nobly d.-<r'd, in thcfe degenerate 

^ days, 

Tv i'\:rli a work as this to merit praife; 

To fif"? tlie fn'il fr(!m Krror's galling chain, 

Ar.d t»*ach faii'n man his pnllnic lorm to gain 

* 
T.Jiy.Iiinks i!\i» rnod-rrn DcIft now I fee, 

Ar i»M v^ith \*\'- rc^ifon a:id jliilofophyi 

Ihi^fild f!\f p.'^'^. and, vvif'.i ma!if;n iotkcf, 

Sar\*.y iVs h.k^^c, •'•i I -eau it with a fneer, 

A:id, hrnt i^n ni.ith. t^v to ihveiL his fpleen, 

Rci>ii' e to ' ivW fli'r I>op;iI iluft withi". : 

Bill, charni'd With clo<jucncc, and mainly 

profc. 

Soori j^ravcr looks, and more attentive gnrn^ ; 

Af..-' nirh riipnzc new ;jr.;iTments prev:ul, 

6^h/ Rtsf^n prove uuK, as Niturc, ffail. 



Sconi the low fklft, to proteft oor youth, 
And da'.h Profanencfs to the foot of Truth. 
Deem it nttt fl.ittery. Sir, while 1 pniclaim, 
Tlrat, well t») Ihaic the honours of thy n.ime, 
Mine own riglit-liani1,tlutknowsiin Virtue't 
caiUe fpUufey 

No fwet'.er claim than juftly-eanVd ap- 
Thi* Willi- g hand with rapliire could 1 give. 
And feel as thou mull, but lite thee to live I 
Woll loft on eaith, if hafly to me ;;iven, 
Tliy meed, — the hope, the jubilee . '-(eaVent 

Yet wlicrefoie dtmbt? Thy pattern, gene- 
rous Hi>;<.nf, [mom; ' 
Can tutn lire's evening gloom to roCeate 
Can b:d the mean, the worthlef?, worthy 

prove, 
The heifi, tluo' penitence, of bounJlefs love. 

Cheer, then, tl>nt heart, whofc piety fo long 
Ilaih aided that lighi-hand to tunc the fong^ 

* Retevrtd u> \\\ hufubiusMcltwr, p. 191 
fee a\(o o\m: 0\>\\.\\:iv^ » "&• S V 



SekB'Putij^ Amhni ni JMUitn^ fir January, 17924 6f 



Thtdploecfeneof Skm; of tbyon^ 

The bappicil foother "niidft wdl-labonrM 



S0OB fliall the Hjdc] Omnipotent conftgn 
Tfaf fimil lunnonioiis to tbofe fcenes divine^ 
Where golckm harps, from ^veiy charroe<l 

ftring, 
Hymn David's Lord, and IfraelV boly King ; 
Whare kindred fpirits Hull thy blifs pro- 
clainiy [fame. 

And more than Sakm's notes refounU thy^ 
7- 3- B. 

Chr tiiiNo M«$. Stonoirs roit thk 

FIRST TlMIyAMD THXW IN THS CUA* 

lACTfiKOP Isabella. 

PITY I ray breaft ne'er knew thee for its 
own ; 
Kor Sympathy, dear parent of the figh ! 
Tbo* oft the tear fell trickliog from roy 
eye, 
AmomenC vani(h'd,and — the fcene was gone. 
A C9ld Promethean form I 'till Siddons' I'pell 
R<jus*d every feeling from its icy cell. 
TiM Mourner came-— and Pity was my own. 

Oh, I did bear each accent of her woe ! 
Giief ralh'd on grief, 'till all roy fenfes, 
flown. 
Forgot loeafe the torrent in a throe : 
My foul had ried its nook) and in roy eye 
Siifpended hung in tearful exLify. 
Jab, 27, L — s— a C— a — 5. 

A FRAGMENT*. 



IN that dark and deadly l.our 



Keigns Dcfpair, with monarch |>owtr : 
But mod when from his lowefl hed 
Old Ocean heaves his angry head, 
When, with a deep and fallen roar, 
The blnflering billows lafh the fhore;— 
The Dxmon of the Storm on high 
Hurries through the Cruubled V^.^^ 
W'.tli liiiicful aim profnfeiy pours 
"Wint'ry Wafts and rattling diowers \ 
The deep-ton'd peal, and livid fWh, 
Of fretful elements the crafh. 
The world of waters, black as Hell, 
In crefted pride, and haughty fwell, 
Exprefs, in a terrific ftrain, 
What human words can ne'er attain. 
See I yoiider, in the murky air, 
TrioRipliant tides our King Defpair. 
Amidd thisfcene of wild affray, 
That fpeaks oonfufion and difmay. 
When ghaftly Death, with furious hafte, 
Sides the wave, and wings the hlaft. 
What feaman, in his brittle b-iik, 
^gS^^i perhaps, ^ufth cuffes dark f , 
But ibriiiks appall'd, no longer brave, 
Siartins aghatt at every deep-mouthM wave. 
Soon the velfel's gaping fide 
l^u^l/ drinks the briny tide : 

♦ S«e an Ode on Defpair, in our volume 
|«X1. p. 843. 
f- Mikoa's LjrcUb^ 



Then what cries are heard around I--* 

From the Stygian Gulph profound 

Spirits of Oeftruaion fly ; 

Borne on blood-ftain'd wingi^ they hie s 

Woven in Fate's iron loom, 

Many a lailor's ruthleia doom 

Tliey bring ; and, hovering round the wbilf^ 

Loudly yell a hideous fmile. 

A hariher drain of (hrieking woe 
Burfts from the deep abyls below : 
But, feebler now,-^oow heard no more^«-« 
Tliey die, beneath the torraot'i roar. 

Junius. 

rrr/«J[y MEL ANCT HON, iHiituled, Exil't 
U Migrationes Mufanim ; fuppofedto bavt 
Ihxn -ufrittfH by him at a Time itfhen the Pro* 
teilaiit Caufe was at its lowefi Ekh, 

OMNIA vafta facit faevis Bellona minis, 
PrsBcipue ftudiis eft inimica piis. 
Hofpitium fnpiens dedit olim Gnccia MufiS, 
Nunc eft Barbarico Oraecia praeda Ducis 
Italiam petiere fuga, fed frandibus ilia 

Poutifacumque armis perdita tota jacet* 
Hinc igitur duhiis Fortiinae cafibus a^be 

IntiArunt fines Teutonis ora tuos t 
Hie liabuere aliqtum parvo tempore fedem. 
Nam fnrit in noftra Mors quoque dinii 
humo. 
£rgo per extremam Germani littoris oram, 
Hofpitium miferaefupplice voccpetunc. 

jijirikinw ni/tddgMce may be tdifwed in Jome 
tf tkt thcugoti contained in the abvr.'e i^\iutiful 
lines (luhieh brstttbe the truejpiiii if Laitnity)^ 
vtitb tljefUlvwing charming paUiagcJt(an Gray : 

Tl LL the fa<l Nine, in Greece's evil hour, 
Left their P.nrMfrus for the Latia-.i pluins j 

Alike they fcorn the pump of tyrant-power. 
And coward vic^?, tliat revels in her chains. 

When Latium hnd her lofty fpirit loft. 

They fought, oh Albion 1 next thy fea-ea^ 
circled coaft. C. K. 



Ok the latb Fir f. is Privy Gaedims. 
(^u our lafi rcfttme, p, ^^SS-J 

FROM amorous Beaux and Courtiers gay 
retir'd, 
Who woo'd the Njraph that ev'ry hoUm fir'd, 
Lc CI — upon her downy couch rcclin'd ; 
No fear aiarm'd lier breaft, no care her mind. 
Safe from infidious man's feducing arr. 
No other dang'rous foedifturh'd her hearty 
Alas, too nigh ! ne'er from nvafuHi free 
Can heauiy, as Lc CI— 's, cnchitniing be. 
G^e.^t Jove defccndcd in a golden ihower. 
And won fair Danae's ada'nantinc tower. 
Diie Vulcan, Lord of all-puiilant fl:«me. 
In «iueft of Ven;:j to a chamber came 5 
1 here ambufli'dlay, intrndins tofurprize. 
In fond intrigue, the Beauty of the Skies : 
When bright Lc CI — withdrew to pli:cid re ft, 
And^ ttofufpeitm^y a\i Ucr iotm \]A\^t^^. 



Siftff Ptttry, Andint mi Mtden, for Jaottary, lyoi. 



The glowing God, " 'Tis (he ! 'tis Vcnm !*• 
cried : f bride. 

« None boaft fuch charms hut my iranfcendant 
ril watch what happy lover now (ball fhar« 
Th* immorul beauties of my truaiil f.^ir." — 
Th* exj>t6led Somnus lurking Vnlc.m fpies. 
And fh'akes his p .tent poppies o*ci- his eyes ; 
Then d:»rts, cnraptur'd, on the fair-one's 

charms. 
And fealh all night, encircled in her. arms : 
Hor's, uhofe pcrfeftions, matchlels, ne'er. 

c.n cloy ; 
Hcr's who, likr Heirn,' burnt another Troy. 
At length awakfs, lU' indip^nant God of Fire 
Shot into flame, and lag'd «^ith envious ire: 
Somnas he faw ftill balking on her face, 
Still unprcpar'd to leave tliefica- cnly place. 
The fmlDUS Vulcan gave a mighty bound ; 
liis (lames feiz'd inflantly the couch around, 
And, thro' the roof, up to tlie welkin bUze : 
Tiie Nymph and Sumnus fly in wild amase* 

Rafh brute 1 thro* groundlefs jealoufy to 
dare 
Such crime ! his Venus ne'er was half fo fair 
Ca^ria, Dec. TO, 1 79]* W. 

Am Epithalamium on the MaRKTaob 

•F THEIR Royal HiGHNFSscs thb 

DUKE AND DUCHESS or YORK. 

inK nnn nna liynn 

WHEN Jehovah had created Adam, and 
placed him in the Garden of Eden', he 
blcifcd him exceeilingly, and gave him a 
virtuous wife *. 

: SDD *?3D nnr '^do 

rott^j "ON Ninn pj^ 

: DIN*? u nty K*? an 

A virtuous wife is above every gift, above 
gold aiul filver. Eden itfelf would have been 
a Jefolate land, if there had been no help Cor 
Adam in it 3. 

Ni'e nt^K B^Kn n&a 
"i::»n nnx tnd na^N 

Happy is the man ihnt fip.dcth a virtuous 
and puWenl vife*. Moft Iwppy art thou, 
O Fiii.ce, who haft fcundthis Viigiii, 

2n^ nn^D nNns n::vj 



Behold the Daughter of a great King s, <4 
a fair countenance, of a good heart ! Behold, 
Ihe cometii all- glorious, united to thee ia 
the bands of love ! 

rrtn' 'Dm *?Dn idS 
.♦ nbitr\ Di'^K'a ntsfte 

Now ye are joined in hand and heart, walk 
in all the ways of Tehovah, like our graciois 
King and Queen, blefied with peace and prof* 
periiy. 

Blefled may ye be with the fniit of tde 
womb, for this is the gift of God ^ 1 Maf 
your Tons and daughters be as the olive<4reef 
round about your table f ! 

"i3p*7 nnn ci^K'3 

^a t'0'3. c'aK>in 

nxnn d'^ivS D'o'Vi 

Being fiill of years, may you go down to 
the grave in peace ' ! and, fitting at the 
right-hand of God, enjoy plcafui'es for ertr* 
mot e 9 1 

Clouce/feff Deamhtr 17, 1 791. 

EPIGRAMMA. 

DU M jacuit Rablais ipfo fub funere, por-* 
tans * 
r.fhgiem Chrifti, cum cruce, fervus adeft: 
** Divum (inquit) portamus."— -At iUe, ex-' 
trcm^ jocatus, 
<< Non femel kunc dorfo vexit afellnSy^ait* 

J.M. 

The fame attempted in Eoglith : 

WHILE Rablais dying lay, before him 

Aands 
A fervant, with Chrift's ima^e in his hands t 
« Ihy God, thy Savionr, liere i bear," bt 

cries. — 
In death facetious, Rablais thus replies t 
«* Yes, 1 helieve ihce ; and am fiee to own, 
Chiift moie than once has byanafs been 



borne. 



J D. 



' Cen. a, 7, i, 
^ Ocn. ji. J 8, 



* Gcr?. ii. 2 I, 2 2. 
•♦ TnjV. xviii. 21. 



5 ll.t K«««8 I'f Trulfia. 

t Deui. xxviii. 4. I'fal. cxxvii. 3. 

1 P\.\\. cxx\u\. ^ * 2. K.ia^s xxii. 10* 



S4iii Poary^ Antitnt and M%iirn^f9f January, 1792. 7* 



B 



Y. 



WHAT heart bat fwcUs with fjmpa- 
thecic Aghs 
Whit eje forbears to fliod a taller tear, 
tern Duty's ▼iAim when a Lover dies. 
And his own deed prepares the early bier 1 

Soef Nature give a Parent cruel power 
To lord it o'er the heaven-created foul ? 

Of happinefs to hip the budding flower, 
And gen*rou$> pure atiie^ion to controul ? 

A mind too deep impreft by filial awe 
A father's harfh decree to difobejr, 

How daril it break thro* Nature's facred law. 
And to an unknown region force i(& way ? 

Uiy Love again ne*er take foch fatal hold, 
Hiding in difmal Ihade bright Reafon's 
bghtl 
Kor Parent (acrifice a Child to gold. 
Or auglit roifdeeming Prudence judges 
right I 

For where the heart with ftrong attachment 
glows. 
And munud virtues form the tender tie. 
No power on earth ihould dare to interpofe. 
Heaven icusi fuch onion with a favouring 
e>-e. 

Te who have felt that ftroog, refiftleTs flame. 
Which blends with pureft fweets tlte bit- 
tereft gall. 
Let Pity give her tribute : while you blame 
The Lover's raihnef^ mourn bis liaplefs 
fall. 
hUrgatt^Julj 3, 1791. Lau»A. 



ODE TO WINTER. 

WRAPT in thy fable mnntle, hafle, 
O Winter I to exclian:;e the waAe, 
The drcaiy heath, the barren hill. 
For Itchin's ftrcara, for Avon's rilL 
F:nnt is the Sun's meridian ray, 
Pxxignoftic of thy waning day ; 
Approaching near the Northern pole. 
Now cool tlie pAtllons of the foul. 
That, burning in its torrid heat. 
Now fufajea bend beneath thy feet. 
Anger and War'5 impctiwus found, 
Tlot Europe late in tempefts drown'd. 
Imperial Jofeph firft began, 
T' abridge the common ri jhts of man. 
While Rwflian Catherine flew to aid, 
Aihirft thro* fcenes of death to wade. 
Their blood in airy bubbles boil'd, 
ChUl'd is their wrath, their fchcmes are 
Nor lefs inceas'd tlie Sp mifli K ing [foU d. 
Began to make his councils ring : 
With right divine, and Popish pndc, 
O'er unknown regions to prcfide, 
Talk'd of his anticnt claim and nan^e, 
And threatened Europe to intiame : 
Till, taught by thy bcnumbinc force, 
He law, or fecm'd to fee, the fource 
or ills uncumtct'd thro' hie rc-.^n, 



Now, too, the cattle droop their head. 
And through the fields untended fpread. 
And, whilll they cn>p the wliolefome ruot^ 
Chill'd Nature's only fprouting fruit. 
Comes the big temi>e{t thro' tlie air, 
And, wrapt in glooms, portends defpair c 
The cottage- hind hangs o'er the fire. 
Nor recks the ftorm's impetuous ire. 
That rattles on his humble home. 
And fills the pbin with wat'ry foam. 
The mountain-billows to tlie tkies. 
In dreadful tumult fwell'd, arife. 
The wint'ry Baltick lifts its waves. 
And o'er thy (hores indignant laves, 
O cautious Swede 1 lo flop the rage^ 
And RuHia's Hmprefs to alfoage ; 
Left, burfting forth her wide doifiain^ 
Thy navy fmks beneath the main. 

Thd ftnmger now in journey lofty 
By fk)rm5 or r;tging tempefls toll, 
Eyes the faint light along the phiiii« 
An«l haites with eager ttep to gain 
The cottage tluitch'd, to feek retreat. 
And firom tlie whirlwind rei\ his feet. 
Lo ! through the air th^ (bower* defcenJsj 
And o'er the cottage threatening bends | 
Low bow the woods their hoary head. 
The earth is one wild, dazzling brd: 
The faithful ox now drooping flands, 
Opprett with fimw, and oft demandt 
The humble fruit of all his toil. 
For which he tum'd the fniitful foil* 
Now, farmers, to your flocks l)e kind, ] 

Lodge them beneath the llormy wind. 
And give them food at will i the year, 
Deili uftive eife, demands your care. 

Now, too, ye fons of Wealth and PowVf 
Yield one kind thought t^> Sorrow's hour j 
Oh, feel for thole in dungeon's ^loom I 
There mix age, manhood, yotithlul bloom s 
Think of the cup of baleful Grief, 
And ftretch the h?nd of fvveet Relief: 
May Cluu'ity yoar hearts dilate, 
And fuften Winter's piercing fate I 

Jleftford, Jan. J as. Moor x, 

1 , 1 7 9 1 • MtifiiT cf tU Grammar Schoifm 

A FOiTiCAL Sketch, thibutabv to 
THE Beautii-s OP Friston Court ♦• 

DENIED the fun-beam of tlic Mufes* 
fmile, [ftyl^. 

The flowers of rhet'ric, and the gr.ice of 
Yet 'twere ungrateful to this lovely Iccne 
Of fylvan beauty's fafcinating mien. 
Not to prefume that fweet emotion rife. 
And fpread the pidtuvc to the Poet's eyes ; 
Delightful fpot, whofc hofpitable door 
Invites the flrangor to thy geu'rous ftore ; 
Whofe fliady luuius to folcmn thought in- 
vite, 
And fill the mind withev'ry pure delight; 



* Nc-T W*'nr;h-^Tr, in Ead Ktut, t.V«\*Cv 
d^r.:^ of Mr. Jo'.m \Vji\:\^otu 



VNYi^V: 



ya Sika Piitrjf AncisHt and MBdent^fhr Janoarjr, 179a. 



Wbofe renVant banks the honied woodbine 

crowns, 
Sacli native herb and bilmy flower fiirrounds. 
Embower'd alcoveSi repel' in^ folnr heac, 
CondiiiH mv ftpr*s to Mcdit.it km:*!; fe.i:. 
Here farred Study mi^In Wv\\ r.)|)ture Jwell, 
And ctcry low-Vwrn care of life difpel, 
\Vhei« lif^cns Reafon, as h r jryv incieafe, 
To the loft accents and the fT^h of rc:'cc j 
And where the Mnfes* captivating train 
Pour to Content the nnambitious Itrain. 
O fcenc ! fele£tcd Study to excif:. 
The lamp of >^ ifdom, or the I'apfiian rite : 
Where iheRreen limes, un ting witiithe rofe, 
The fuft maniuee of Nature's hand difclofe. 
A (hrubby curtain round its fide^ dilplayV, 
In all the luxury or fwcets and fhade, 
Mantled in foliage, O ye hlifbful bown, 
Ye fav'rito haunts of fweet Retirement's 

huui Sy 
Ye willows, Weeping o'erthe cryflal ft ream, 
Ye rooks, the cl.im'rous audience of mv theme. 
Ye pentave pleafures, wl.ile the ponds below 
In fine expanie a perfe^ minor ihow ; 
Induce the angler, with the trembling reedy 
To tempt the capture of the bnny breed ; 
O could i pour the Pifcaiory Strain, 
in much-:idmired Brown's* immoitalvein : 
Then might I ting the^iaiient angler's care. 
And all the arts he ut'es to -enfnare : 
How footh'd each caretliat would difturfohis 

breaft, • 

LuU'd all his woes to fweet repofeaiKl reft : 
When httfti'd tlie wind, the liorizon ferene. 
And nut one wrinLlc on the lake isfeen. 
As fond of folitude he takes his ftand* 
Th' extended ;tngle tremhlmg in his hand : 
The (caly wanderers fport around the Kiit, 
And ftrive for freedom when, alas too laCe ! 
So from the paths of Pnulenco when we ftray^ 
Led by falfe Pleafure'sxapcivat ng ray, 
We >A iih our former quiet to regain^ 
^'hen all is anguifti and internal pain. 
£ut ceafe to moralize, my Mufe, and view 
Scenes ever charming, pidlurefque, and new. 
External profpe^s paftoral and bland, 
' Wliat local beaiuies all around expand 1 
In reverence to this venerable fpot, 
Be not, my Mufe, tlie neighb*rio|E church 

forgot, 
"^Vhofe ruftic fane, emerging from the boughs. 
Invites Uie interchange of fpoufal vows, 
By faithful Hinds and artlefs Damfels made, 
In wedlock's bnnds by conAancy repaid. 
Where'er the Mufe her bumble ftandard 

rears. 
There \ not a fpot but cultivation clieers : 
And now, when Autumn with his yellow 

ftores, 
From Plenty's cornucopia amply pours, 
"In foft profiifion fragrant <irchards beam, 
And plump Pomona pamts my iviuly theme \ 
Can I negledl my facnAceto biing, 
Perch'd, lovely Gratitude, c>n thy fair v\ ing ? 

^ Mofot Browfi, author oi the Pifcatory 



And, tho' in lofty ftrains to fing debarr'dy 
Haply the fceiie may ftrike fome hener Bard^ 
By h'm fome future day th.itpraifebe ftMwa^ 
A Raphael's [icncti need not bluib to own. 
Till when a^heu each lovelv walk and bowV^ 
Where I t'clighted p;ifs'd,a Icifiire hour I 
Adieu, my friend, with courteous manMM 

Weft I 
May no intruding cares thy peace moleft ! 
May rtea'ih ;:ui"pirious oii thy d'-me defcen^r 
Ani' all the Comforcs vi ho* t- an attend! 
1 luecooi'ciow* Ho.oui he ti.v belt repaftt 
Eujc'V the prefent ho r — nor fe.ir the lift. 



'^i'i/^ i9> *7v«' 



MALLlNOIftlftit* 



N N E 
Mi?s Locke. 



T, 



I 



'ring in party -colouT'd vei^ 



S O 

Bv 

HATE the S 

Wh^t time fhe breathes upon the openhi( 
n><e, 
When every vale in chearfulnefs is draft. 

And man witn gmteful admiratioo gloiwf. 

S:ill may he glow, aiid love the fprighdy 

fcene, 

Who ne'er has felt the iron hand of Care | 

But what avMJib to me a iky fe'rene, [fpair^ 

Whole mind is torci with Anguiih and Dt« 

Give me the Winter's defolating reign, 

The gloomy iky in which no ftar is foood | 
Howl, ye wik' winds, aciofs the defert plains 
Ye u aters roar, ye falling woods refouod 1 
Congenial horrors, hail ! 1 love to fee 
All Nature modrn, and fliare my mifeiy. 

LINES ADDRESSIO TO THt RbV, MR* 

Bekidcf., on thc Death of Hit 
Bkotmik, the lats Rev. Dk. L. B« 

CAN pen or pencil fuitably exprefii 
Of gcn'rou) brothers fuch great tender* 

nefs ? [dire 

Yet here my Mufe, with general voice, de- 
The warm aTecliun of this noble pair; 
Brothers, the heft that ever bore that nartie, 
Tlieir bofoms gluw'd with fuch a mutual 

flame. 
How did their tafte the rural fcene tinprofe« 
But one enjoys no mDre fraternal love I 
He's gone, wIki left this eulogy behind, 
** There goes the man belov'd bv all mia* 

kind." 
O frail efUie of all things here below. 
As by this bte, afflicting lofs we know 1 
But ftill I muft not murmur nor repine, 
Tho' he.irs'd in deatli this gen'rous friend ef 

mine. l^yh 

The Mui'«( that mourns him now in grateful 
Muft ihoitly waattliat tear hisfiiendflup 

pays. 
Ccivbit, J. M. 

On readino an Essay, intitulbb, 
COSMOLOGY. 

GREAT Newton's fyftcm, hung on fpe- 
culaii^^n, 



I n 1 

MINUTES OF THE PROCEEDINGS of the NATIONAL ASSEMBLY or 

FRANCE ; ccntinutdfran w/. LXL p, 1147. 



.V«.. 2^.*T^ H R N:«tioii.il Aflemhly, after 
J having liearU thi; repoit of the 
Coram icice of Colonies and of die Marine, 
aihi l-avini; deliberated upon tlie propofition 
rt:!)cKrf, m2dc in his letter of the i4ihof 
Koi'ember 1791, counterfigneJ by the Mi- 
nrterof Marine, dec-.ees as follows: 

*' The NaiMM.jl Ailcnihly grants the fum 
ic,)7C)9i2 livres, reijuiied by the King, for 
3u:.lance Co he artiU'ded to St. Domingo, ;ind 
f ir the cxr»cdition whic!) \vi h;is ordered, for 
the i^iMp'jfc of re-cll.ihliihing order; out of 
«h:c!: funri, to be fumifhedby the fiind'> dsf< 
tu^rd to extraordin ly expences, 3*4)6,970 
Iiires, 13 fuuSy 4 deniers, iball be inime- 
(ij:i;ely puid to the Miniller of the Marine, 
tn he acc<Hitued for by him to the National 
Au'emhlv." 

IVeintJduy^ Dec. 14. 
The Minifter of ttie Marine being refufed 
a fiipplj to put the port of Toulon in dilate 
of defence a^ainft the Aigcrines, his MajcUy 
deccrniiiie4l to apply in perfon. Accordingly 
akout foitr in the after noon, the PrefidcoC 
read a note from the Kin^, aim<Hincing his 
intention of coming dow n to the Aflembly 
ai fix. 

As the note containe«i no intimation of the 
htifinefs on which his Majefty meant to 
cjoie down, live Prcfideut was aathonfe'l to 
rsiurn an ifnroediatc antwcr; and it wn> f«'.t- 
fietl tliat the Alfembly, .-ifter taking ii.:o 
oinfideration the proporiiio.is wliich t})e 
Ring naighc make, (hould make knciwn the 
reluit by a mellage. 

The bc;iting of dnims aononncrd th'' King's 
approach; the attc.ul.mi.N of the AlTcmbly 
pbccd two leats, ornamented with f.furs de 
.',: iR sold, brforc ihi; PrefiilentV ^h.-n ; a Je- 
p.tation, fent to receive the Ki.v-:* cr.tcred 
before him ; the ufliers proclaimed his ar< 
iwA : the Member* all ft.KKi up uncovered ; 
llie Hieiidrnt annoiDcfd th.it the AlVcmbly 
was no longer a deiiberative body, and that 
no perfoa muft fpeak ; the King entered, 
fnrr-TJ'ided by his Miniiters, took Ua place, 
aiJ delivered the fallowing fpeech : 
■* Gentlemen, 
** I have taken yonr meffdge of the 29th 
of l:ift month into deep confideration. In a 
cite that involves the honour of the French 
people, and the f?.fety of the empire, I 
thought it my duty to he mv felf the bearer of 
my juifwer. The nation cannot but applaud 
thefe communications between its elected and 
its hereditary Reprefentatives. 

** You have invited me to take decifive 
meafnres lo etreft a cellation of thofe external 
aif;: nhlages wliich keep up a hateful difquict 
a'ld termenta^ion in the bofom of France, 
render necelfary an oppreliive ai.gmeniation 
of cxpenco, aiid cxpofe liberty to grater 
dinger t/un ati open ainl dcchred war, Tou 

10 



defu e me to caufe decUrations to be made to 
the neighbouring. Princes, w ho, contrary to 
the rules of goiKi ntighl)ourho«Hlj and tlie 
principles of the law of nations protert iliefe 
afTemSJ.iger, ih.it tiie nation can no longer 
fuftbr this want of refpeft, and thefe fjurccs 
of Imaihry. Finally, you liave given roc to 
underftaiid, that one general emotion is f.:lt 
by the nat«o'». and that the cry of all il.e 
French is for war, in preference to a ruinous 
and I'cgnuling patience. 

" Gentlemen, I liave long thought that our 
circumftanccs required gre..t circumfpedlion 
in our meafures; that havinj; fc;ircely yet wea- 
thered the agitations and the rtornis of a Re- 
volution, and in the firft elFays of an infant 
Conftitution, no means ought to bo ncgloaed 
that cou'd prefcrve Franc;; from the innu- 
merable evils of war, thefe nicin^ l have 
always employed. On the one h.-nJ, I hav« 
done every thing to recall the French emi- 
grants to tlie bofom of their countiy, and in- 
duce them to fubr.it to tlie new i.\ws wl» cii 
a greit majority of the nation lias a.lopicd; 
on tlie other, i have employed amicable in- 
timari-^n-s 1 have canfed formal and prccife 
r«iuiliiii)ns to be made, to divert the n igh- 
boui-.ng princes from giving them a fuppoit 
c.ilculatci! to fiaucr their hopes, and encou- 
r.g'j tfiem in their rafh defigns. 

** The Emperor h;is dvine all tliat wa: to 
be exj^ei.<lcd from a faithful ally, by for Li.' - 
diog anddifpcrfing all alTcmblages wi'.hlii :.iS 
Sfatc*>. 

" My meafures at the Courts of other 
Princes have not been equally I'uccefiful. Un- 
acciimmodating anfwers liave been given :o 
my rcquifitions. 

•* '1 hefe nrijiifl refunds c.dl for refolutions 
ol another kind. The nation l;ai m.inifefteJ 
its wifhcs. You have colle6^cd them, you 
have weighed the confequcnccs, you h.ivo 
exprcll'ed them to me by you:- melfa?,c. 
Gentlemen, you have not anticijurcd mi-. 
As the <"eprefentative of ilic peopi-, i \.,\i 
the peopled injuries; and J am new lo .11- 
form you of the refoluticn I have :uken to 
purfue reparation. 

•* 1 have caufod a dccLiration to l>c made 
to the Eleftor of Treves, tliat if l^efurc the 
15th of January he do not put a l^>J^ ;v:tliiii 
his Slates to al! collecting nt :riM..n% .-.nd all 
}u)(\ile difpofiiiuns on the pait of t'e IVnicli, 
who liave taken rtfuge in thcni, 1 (hail no 
lonr.er confuler him bu: as I'lc en-iny of 
France. [Shouts of applauff, ai:.; ' Im: ,V A* -. ] 
I (hall caufe fimdardecluratitiUi :i) Lc nude lo 
all who favour .'»lfcmLI.ieci ci>n:i.iiv co th^ 
tranquill.ty of tlie kingdom ; and by lci;:i .1:^:0 
foreigner all the j»iotc(?lion \\ f.it.li r^.ey oiv.ht 
D3 expedi from our laws, 1 ihall l.^i . t- .1 : ;; !.t 10 
demand a Ipccdy auA tv»Ttiv»\el'i i^'^.v. avwvA 
all the mjuiift whitU ticiKUm*iv\uv;.\ \\AS'ft 
received. ** \ \\ir4« 



74 Proceedings of the National AJf.mbly in France. t !*"• 

" I liavc written to the Emperor, to engage " The Affembly will take the propofitiont 
him to continue hus gotxi offices, and, if no- you have made into confideration, and com- 
ceflaiy, to exeit his authority as hend of the municaic their determination by a roeffage.*' 
empire, to avert the evils which the oMli- Jhc diyncfs ot this anfwcr, and the affeo- 

iiacy of certain members of the Germanicf tation m avoiding the v\oids i/;t', and Majejiyf 
k)dy, if longer perfiftcd in, cannot fail to gave general dili4isf;i6tion, m^I nth was mat k- 

cd hy warmly rcfuraing the acclamations «! 
Vive Ic Rai, 

J he King withdrew, attended hy a depn* 
tat ion, preceded by his minifteri, and ef- 
corted hy the natioRal guard. 

Sev I al mem^ci-s moved, that the fpeech 
(honid be printed, and fcntto the eighty-thice 



occofian. Much may undoubtedly b« ex- 
pected from his interpofition, fupportcd by 
the powerful influence of his example ; but 
1 am at the fame time making the moll 
proper military arrangements to render tlicfe 
declaratiot.s refpeilcd. 

" And if ibey (hall nothe attended to, then, 



Gentlemen, it will only remain for me to dep rtmenis. 
propofe war; war, which a people v\ho Mr. hnzire moved, to add the PreAdent't 

lias folemnly renounced conqucft never makes anfwer, to (hew to France, that, in circum- 

without ncccHuy ; but whicli a tuition, h.ipi'y ilmces calculated to infpire enthufiafm, the 

and frt'C, k^o^vs how to undertake uhtu its Aflembly had guarded againd it. 
own fafety — u'l\cn honour commands. M. Davcrhoult faid, the anfwer might be 

** But, Ml courngcoully abandoning our- worthy of the Allembly ; but it did not ac- 

felves to this refolution, let us haflen to cm- cord witli the Speech, which contained no 

ploy the only means that can alTure its fijccefs. propofitions. 

''urn ytuir attention, -CJtnt^emcn, to the i i*e Si^eech was ordered to be printed, aii4 

Hate of the huiinces ; coni»rin th« National fcnt to the Departments. 



credit; watch over the public fortune. Let 
your deliberations, always governed by coii- 
jlilutional principles, t:tke a grand, higli- 
fpirited, and a\:ihontritive courie, the only 
ene that be&ts the le;^iilator$ of a great em- 
pire. Let the conftiiu:e«>l i>o\vei^ refpedt 
themfelves, to be refpedted ; let tlicm give 
mutual aid, indead of mutual limpetliment ; 
?nd finally, let it appear thai they aie diftindt, 
but not enemies. It is time to (hew to foreign 
nations that the French people, their rtpie- 
fentative?, and tl>e.r Klnj^, aie b\jt one. 

** It iS'toU'iis vmioi:, ..ik^hMj', let us nC'-er 
forget it, to tile relpw*i> we pay to the go- 
veinnicnt of o'hcr 5;t.:lcs lli.ii the l.jft'.*, liie 
confidei ation, a-id the gloiy of ihc cuipirc 
are attached. 

** For me. Gt'itlt rr»pn, i* would be in viin 
to cnd;;:iV(<ur to iuuouiid with dl'^^ufis the 
•rxtrciic of the auri.oriiy which is c«>nti.'td to 
me. Intle f.iceofall I'r.iii t I <!c:!a:e, tliat 
n-iJhii'i' ih.'li v%c.ii> nu per fei trance, t,r.«- 
lax ni) elfoiis. it llj ill not be owing lo.njc 
t'-at the lav/ do'-s nor l>co<»me ijje pi i/cclifMi 
ot the citizen ■'C\'\ the leirorof the t'tihuber. 
I thall f.->ir'nfuib- pi l: ■.:!••€ the depofit (»f the 
Coiv^lilolii r.,;:r'J :t> ^;•':.::c!t ration (hall dcttr- 
mi'.'.fi n.e to lurlt r ii ... iie Mfiingrd. 

•' if mui \vli./ v.i h oiiiV r,)r d: louder and 
'troubI« lake occi'mu, fiom tlii% hrmnofs, to 
calumniate my in'^ention*^, I W\A not Hin)- to 
rep-el bywords X\\6 inituioiis fnipicions ili.-y 
may choofe to ciici:);.*e. iLofe \\\\\^ w.itch 
tije ptofrcfs of c;o'. ( » imtr.t \\'v.\\ an r.iren- 
tive, hui unprcjudXLvl eye, mull fee that I 
never d' part from the conftitutional line, and 
that I feel profoundly how glorious it u to be 
the King of a free pet^pie !'* 

This conclufion wiis f(»l lowed by long con- 
tinued Ihouts of, ** Bravo, Long hv« the 
Kjnjr of the French" 
2'h9 Pfcfidctit Hiifwcred-^ 



The Mini(\er at War defired to be beanS. 
" Tin? King,y he faid, " wilhes for |)eace( 
he h.is negleded no means of fecuring it : 
but he thinks it his duty to fuppori ilicfc pa- 
cific nicafures by a vigorous hnc of condu^. 
His Majefly has charged me to give orders 
for allsmbling 150,0^0 men on the frontiers 
within a month. 1 am confident this is not 
only ptflhble, but eafy. We muft lemove 
this fpirit of difcouragement, which would 
riprelent France as ftripped of her political 
iortucncc \ we mull (hew tha' 't i.'.thc fame 
naiuMi, the farwe power tJiat fought under 
Lf^Hji, XIV. ; we m 'ft pro\#, that thegloiy 
ot an age bclonijs not to a fniiile man. 

** 1 know th.it, :.t the very mc^ment when 
the Gi.vc-rnment ij. m. king e\cry difpnfition 
for war, thofc very men who were the moll 
cl.»mor..us for it luuound all our meafurcs 
with urfpicion. Unr you. Gentlemen, will 
diJconceit luch manoeuvres; and they will 
not cahly pi rluade a ycat nation, that liberty 
ibto he defended hy mere words. 

" I (hall fei out in a few days, by the 
King's 01 der>, toalTuie myfclf of tl-.e flaie* 
i^t the front erb ar.d the army. I ihaJl fpeak 
to 0>v i.thrt-rt and the fohhers in t!.e name 
ot l!:c iwri(.ri:d gr-.ndeur, :ind of their own 
increil, hnce the French dcfeiters vow an 
iniphnMble hatred to tliofc who continue 
f.tiil.fiil. 

" I Ihr.ll tell them that the word trdjfon is 
not peciilinr to any bngnage, and that in the 
day (»f war all uncerumty is a crime by the 
law? hotl) of lionour and of reafon. Finally, 
1 (Ijall infpire the brave Ni*tJonal guards, tl,e 
ftrfl fouiidei-s of liberty, w ith the love of dif- 
ciplir.e. 

" During my abfenc**, 1 (hall commit the 
charge ot my UepartuR'ni to one of my col- 
leagues,; and fuch is my contidtnce, that I 
invoke idv^^i^biiii^' ^^m'j Q\\\\Vi«)Aiat wU. 



!792«] Proctedings 9fthi National ^tmhlj in Fraitce. 



the or«ters that fhall be given bv the King, 
and ctMin: erf) ^led by M. I>elenarc, the Minif- 
ter for Foreign Affairs. 

" Three armies appear to nie to be ncccf- 
Cny. — To comnun^l t'lem, V.ediS. Rocham- 
beau, Lukficr, and Fayette, are pointed out 
by the voice of tMcir country — and the 
vo.ce of their country and that of the King 
arc now but one. fThree fcrcral plau- 
dft.] 

*• His Majefty wifhcs that it were in his 
power to rail'c M. Rochamheau and M. Luk- 
ncr to the rank of Marlhals of France. A 
LjA' prevent^ liim ; hut is not the Supreme 
L*w ilic fafcrty of nnr country ? 

** A mpply of money wUl be neceflfary ; 
but Fi^ani-e will not weigh money in the Icale 
agamft lil^rty. Befides, this increafe of ex- 
pence ought to be lefs alarming to the credi- 
tors of the Statft, tlian the co< nuatioii of un- 
certainty ant*. anarc>«y ; tliat the moment war 
IS declared, property will be more ilian ever 
proteAed— Terrible on the frontiers, tran- 
quil within ilie kingdom — fuch ought to be 
our fituaiion— tlut the payment of taxes, the 
prote<5iion of our colonies, confidence in the 
government, and refpecl ff)r the ^^o\ver^ that 
pref4erve a ncutralitv, may ciifurc fncccfs to 
a war undertaken only for the inlcred of 
Che people -^-^^ the maintenance of the Con- 
flrution. 

•* In i!ie vaft, and perhaps bold entcrprize 
which I have ci^ncclved, I'omc of if- details 
Kive pcrhajw elcaped. I c ui, hov.ever, Ltv, 
with tlic approbation of my ccinfju.-'.re, \\\jx. 
1 hive diligentlv employed my tunc H.ice iiiy 
acceffiim to the Miniitry. 

'• I hope n\#t to neirlef^ any on-? of the 
parts confided to my vj7.ij;tnce. IM- King 
a.os m* II my l.ihours. His extfi tionv for the 
p-.hlic giKHl will one d.iy l>c known, ai'.J u ^11 
rrdctubte the attachment to his per.uii of .ill 
I'vo'c who, like myfclf, ha»e altdched ihcir 
£itctr>tl)eUhcity ot France." 

This fpeech was loudly and of*ei ;;jip!iiud- 
ed. Scvt-ral Members moved tiiat ii ihjiad 
\i/t printed. 

M. IJrilfot moved to a.'journ Oie difcMH'.on 
of it till .aat'.iiday, when it u i>i|.| \.r. iVcn 
wh'Jther or not the patriots ha«l nicnial me 
imputations which the MinilUr had helped 
u;ion thtm. 

Tlic Alfw'mhly ordered the fpcccli to be in- 
ferted in the minutes, prir.ied, Uillrih.iicJ, 
and tranfmiited to the gj Depaitmcms. 

/)ef. 14. M- la Fayette ap|)c;ue<l at the 
bar, and delivered the following; alJic ^ ; 

** Tlie N.ttional Alfcmbly know my prin- 
ciples anJ my Icntiments. 1 fhall coi.aae 
mtfelf to expiciliiig how much I fct-l l!ie 
maik*: nf .ipiu'ohalion which th; Alfeinhly 
Itefhiwed 00 the choice which tl.:: K* 'g \\:\% 
been jdeafed to make of mc, aM.l to pior'cf- 
iing my piofonnd rcfpeit for ilie r.'prcicui.i- 
livesof the French N.ttion, and \\\y ii.'j;i!'cr- 
uh)e tlcvotion to tha nuiiiitciumcc ui iUc 
French ConilkuUoo," 



75 

This addrefs was received with loud and 
rei>eated plaudits. • 

The Minifter for Foreign Affairs prefent- 
ed the anfwers of feveral couits tt) the King's 
notification of hib accefiranre of ilic Comli- 
tuiion, of whicii, omitting thepMitsof more 
form, the f»illovvit\g.is»hf inhlluicc : 
T/r King -5/ ^auin-.i.-i. 

" I fee with the :',rcatcf\ pliMlur*' the juf- 
tice which your M/icrty c'ot^^; to in/ Icnti- 
ments. in not doub.'.nr; il'.e intfivtl 1 alway" 
take in wliatcvtr C(»: ccrns ycui pci fonally, as 
well as the hip:>:nef«- of your family and your 
fuhje*5ls. I cntn-it vcuir Mairlly to hcio e 
tliat I am eipi;iliy if'nUble of the new J>f- 
fur.ip<'esof fiienu.li p >vJixh you arc pleaffrd 
to pive mc. Mine cwi never alter nor dimi- 
nifh : ii<»r cnn .nny tit.r.g induce me to chaTige 
ni) icnlinu-ni'-." 

'i'h- R>:\e; 0/ Penmai k. 

Aici'tw/r" IT. 

" i have always applauded the mealures 
wivch your Majclty has taken for the gmid 
of the n.^.t'on ; and, ( irnll, you will do jul- 
tit.e to the engeiiiefs with wi)ich I fh.dl re- 
Cmn I lie frieiidihip of which you give me 
new aifurantc . ' 

Ike V^\x\i :/ Naples. 

" I have re.id the communioiion of the 
ev« nt which concern*^ your iVin-^ilv in the 
])H:rriu ila'.e of ti.c Iiu.cli Moun\liy. Be 
a'.ir.icd (.f the f;i.i.trc .. id zi-.do.i!, interclt 
which 1 h.ive t^'i\t.n, anil iha'.l ;dw.iv» lake, 
in uluttv'cr rr^j.ui s y«)nr peilon.'* 
*i'>. KIcctor l-'al.itiiirt. 

*•' 1 hive rei',-ivt(! th« n.)i.ihc:i:i"'i of your 
M "jelly's acLcpr i;i' ;; of' riic Cvjull'tution, ,'c- 
cre».d by the I lei.ch rmii.m. Not only aiC 
niv invaii.;hle arr.aclunti.t to your M;ijcfly, 
tlu" pioxlniiiy of i;ie P;ii.iiiiie to lome of the 
Fioviirccs oJ yovir kii jjdom, an<i the '^un^ 
uiulcill.i'uiii.r, ih. t has h'.ihcsto fuSiiilcd be- 
tween our rcfpC(ftive iuhje<Jls, Uire ple*l..;e.' 
of the p^iticular iiKcrefl which 1 t;(keiM [i.i.> 
important event j but it excites a warmdehre 
of pirticipating in the p^ifect content and 
tiaoijnilliiy of your M;jeitv, and :ill yo'ir 
Royal F.imily, 10 the itren^.tneiiing of the 
French Monarchy, and 'hii |»nKlucing t>f a 
benign intiuence on the leveiul Males, of Ku- 
rop.\" 

7ii' Archduchefs, G :->.'it n'f 0/ /V Low 
Counr i':es. 

Noi-mbrr 11, 

" I am informed of your Maj-.M^ys ha* irg 
accepted a:>d i'ani^iiv.i.cJ a new Conilirut.on 
for your kingvlom. I carncllly wi(h that 
this new lefoIutitMi in >y punUict y<)U a l.trt- 
ing ratlsf.»cl.<»'i, am! h«.'c -me a loiirce of l»a;^i- 
pineis 'c) ilic mooai-chv and the n.itiou." 
Tif Landgrave c/ HcUe CalL'. 

«T!ie refpcafvil \vA\t\\UvcU I uV.c vwaW ' 
cvciu*« :l\4: C4»nccvu ^our MaV^'o^ , ^v^vvAs w\Nf 
uttaciiiQciil to )'mu' ^u^vAVi v^^^*^^* Kcv-^V"^ 



76 



Prociidings of the National AJftmbly In France. T J*"** 



my thanks for the notiftcation of your ac- 
ceptance of the new Conftitiition. I pray 
conftantly for whatever may contribute to 
your Majefty's glory and hap^incfs, and ihe 
profpcrity of your rcign.V 

The Duke of Wirteroberg Sirelitz. 

Sovnnbfr %. 
" I pray, with all my h<rart, that the ac- 
ceptance of the Conftitmion,. which you have 
prefcncd to me, in rhe lumc of the n.«ii«>i), 
rtK'v bring your Majerty all the fuiisfaction 
and happincfs which yon defci vc on lo many 

accounts." 

*Tb€ Duke c/ Wirtcmhcrff. 

*' I hnve rccfivetl your M.«j«'l^ys i.-«er 
with it-rpcci and gra[ilui!e. n« '^ihirtv* oj i!ie 
jri^cifft I (hall always take in n!Hr«\ci coa- 
cciiij your Maielly''? f.icicd pr:roi:." 
lie Landgrave cj K?.den. 

*' Yi>ur Maiffty c^ntv>t donht i';<r ^ft.ich- 
mcni which I ihall always piflcrve f'>r y<v.ir 
i'cied perfon, and th* prayers whicli 1 lh.Jl 
yai up tor your happincff .'* 

Tht- Republic nf Vcr.ice. 

** The graiious expielTions ot iVicnlfliiv 
OMt.m.^il in vo'.ir Maicf^y's letter wcrr rc- 
f Veil hv t'le Sen*!ie with the greMt-ll i.»'ij- 
M(*t,on, .Til! the mort l:vc!v cjvniitr.dc. The 
?lfp':M:.:, firm in >ts aji^vcnt uf.jj^c of re- 
f-'<u;ng i^c pioi'perity of the Cr»)wn of 
rr.iiice as ;r« ow Ot continurs lo foi m the mod 
af «>nl wiihfr*^ inr ' our Mijcfty's g-OO'* ^**^ 
llie happincis of your rcipi." 

Tt£ Republic ofOc:\oA. 

yci'fyf.Ur 1 6. 

" We have tcceiveu the letter, intimating 
that your M;jjefty ha? accepted the Confti- 
rsrum.-.l A<*^, pi oriented lo you by the Nation. 
Wc t;ik»? tins «^ cafion of :»ll;!viijg yonr M.v 
i;ltv, that wc continue to r jke a Uvelv in- 
tercfl in all that concerns your nugull pcrlon, 
and ilic profperity of your reign. Ww; repent 
«)t!i rtq<ieft«for liie prcfervation of o\ir rights^ 
iigreetlMe to il»e iieaiies which unite the two 
natio'.i''' in a perfeft corrcfpondtni -r, ?nd 
which we Jhr.li ilways confidcr it as our glo- 
J-. to nuintain." 

I he Republic cf VaLns. 

** Yu'»r M.ij<'.fly liaving ctitnuiunii .ttcd to 
W' yo'.ir jcrei^l.irion of the Conftiu:-i »n pie- 
fmrtd to yen: by the French iiatior., wc have 
the !uMir.i:r :o ;<ffnrc yon, that wc t..ke the 
jr.Mi \:'.i:\y inleicft in wlurtrvor can oontii- 
b.iie to; he bon«)nr »id i)>c gioiy of your Ma- 
lei^y a-ul the nation, an'l the lhf.ngrt>«?nin^ 
of ■.".n .'lli.mcr. Wc* form tiie n:o:t Jim'JT'j 
a.ii* ar«<tut vuws for the prefer v.i:n»n i>t your 
l»ii.rrd pcifiH;, and of all the Royal I'amilv.'* 

Sontc of thefe unfweri xvcre rcc« ived witii 
rnnimurr., a- id fou'e with !.ui«htcr ; Ihu 
K'.Ti'i «if IVnmaik'"- 'inly with iipplaiiie. 

I Un mniiO'^r li'rn itated, ih:,L tlu^ King 

)i,»«i not r^t.'ived an anfwcr to hi- app'::a- 

fjo/f cc r/jc HchetiC.Hodyf lor m cxCtuflou 



of the general amnefty to the foldiiers of tbt 
regiment of Chateau Vieux, condemned to 
thp galleys for mutiny ; but that, from a let- 
ter from one of the Cantons, adojHed and 
ciixnilated by the Canton of Zurich — fetting 
forthi that the offence of thefe fMldiers waf 
purely military, u'nconneAed with the Frencti 
RevolotioM, and that, however defirou; ihe 
Helvetic Body might he to comply with tlie 
wifhes of his Moll Chrifti.in Majelly, the 
puuilhment of it wa-- abij)hite!y neccllrtry fl.r 
tlie maintenance of diicpline among il»tir 
tr(»ops — there wav rc.ifon lo believe that tli« 
application wouU' be iot:ffedlual. 

Sp in. 

His M:n(. fly wa. int\)rn-.ed by a letter figned 
by Lount l-'ioi Ida HlA^c^f the Sp:ini(h raiinf* 
ter, tliat the King his mader hud given or- 
ders to the governor ot' the Spanilh pait 
of St. D«»n)ingo t-* ohfci ve the r.'.oft i^Ti€t 
nentrahiyrwith rc«pcct to the infm re^^iiin in 
l!i(! Trench part ; but that, if bodies of the 
Blacks ibonld be fo: msd for the purpofes of 
p'.i'..K'.cr, ;iracy, anJ liic deit'iiciuai oJF tlie 
Wli.to, tlicn to ;.iJ i!ie latter with ail hit 
iniweis, 

Tlie King of Spain being alfo informed tlut 
\i\\ I'ctuiing a minider lo the bwifs Cantons 
h;'.d given umbi-.'.ge to Trance, liad ordeicd 
bib Charge d'Aftairs lo explain, ili;tt the i>tr- 
fon fo fent had been appointed live veal's agO| 
anil that the prin(ii>Hl olijedl of his mtlli^'xi 
\\.4-, to oht tin a continuation of the recruit* 
hig for Sp.'.in in Switzerland. 
7 If L.nperor 
Tranfmiited to the King in January laft, 
the conipUuiis to the Diet of the Kmpire on 
Hit: abolition <.f the feud«dfyftcm in the lands 
p.ilfcfted by feveial German Tiincw in AH..C9 
and Loiraine. Ihe King, in his aofwer, 
jiiftified the decree* of the N.aiunal Allcm- 
bly, declined the intcrpofition of the Ger- 
manic Body, and renewed the ottci of a iult 
indemnificition to the i)aitiCi. intcrciled. 
This anfwer was lubniitted to the Diet of 
Ratifbon; and the i-o.'.v/v/i/w* of the Diet w«, 
that all things, both temporal and ipiritual, 
mu{\ be put u|H)nlheii auvjitni footing, agico- 
allc to the trcatiev aiul conventions 

It is to be ohfervel, that the N iional .A.f- 
fcmhly ind aholifhcd all jnriidiClion, metro- 
politan and diocefnn, excrcifcd by foicij^.i 
pi elates, an abolition that fell chiefly on the 
AnidiMhop' of Mayenco and Ticves, and 
lUc H.(h(>ps of Spue .ind Bale. 

Tli« Kmpeior Im'* addielfcd a letter to tlie 
Cinlts of rlic Empire, confirming the above 
ardu/wn, and th** following 

Le.Wr to the King. 

*' Leopold II. JImperor and King of thJ 
Roman::, &c. Piimiint to our conllitutional 
laws, we have comnnmicated totlic Eiec'torfy 
Princes, and States of ih; Kmplie, on the 
one part, the compbints of the valfals of our 
Empire, which, agreeably to the wiHics of 
our Llo£\oral CoUege, we tranfmitted ami- 
cably lo yau oviV\\c iii^'Av sii \)tc^rc^>w \^^> 



1792.] 



Letter from the Emperor to the French King. 



11 



u 



\ 



ind on t!ie otViSr, the anfwer recti rno<] by 
fiHir M.ijeAy. The more «ve h;)vec<Mirulered 
ih:< ;iff. 'a, the tuf irc w- m iift regit- 1 thai ytmr 
Mjierty's anfwer was notconftimuSlc to our 
jaft e.x(ie^ntiun, hefides its not being drawn 
npiutl.e form ufual in difcuJinfrbuiincfs be- 
tween tlie Enripite ^iid your King«iom, we 
reniirked ihit iicalicJ In qneflion the tom- 
|»tmce n{ t!"e v.ti'aK «tf fie Kmpiie to ini- 
pl'jit o'tr ij'e« vcn'.'U'n at ihe diet, i?) order to 
iffarc th*m the fame protection of the f-m- 
peroranJ :hc Lmpirc, which protc^^lcd ihcir 
incere^s on <icc;}fioa of public p.tcificatitjis. 

'• To jwd^e fix>ni lh« tenor of your anfwer, 
fwr Miijciivy no dount, fupfiofed that all (he 
linireiuons of. our valfd-s hi il»f;»«.if e wer^ fub- 
jeft lo the lupremacy of your Crown, fo as 
lunuke it free to d;fpo!'c of them asche pub- 
ic iiilcy feenis t J require, provided a jud 
iiiiianiiific I'.iun were i^iven ; hut if your Ma- 
jedy HiU tai^e tlir iriiuhle of ex.imining more 
aoentivcly the pii'>lic pacifications in quef- 
tuoi 35 well 3S all the utlvr treaties between 
the Empire and France hnce 164S, it will 
not fm-ely efc.spe yrur notice, that fuch a 
fiiptnfiliiKt caniiot be ueil founded. 

** You will lIu'O f'e mod clcailv* on the 
inepirt, wh.»t arc the lan»'s tint have hem 
lliwrto transferred to tlw fM|'ren»acy of y<iur 
Croun, hy the confeist of iht; Km|>eroi's, and 
LSe otdcrsof the limpire ; and on the other, 
Ihacil-e polfeirions i>f our valVaU in Alfac?, 
liirraine, and clie\\in.ie, whi-.h iia-i? oot 
been itansferrreii to ymir Crcwii by a fiiiilar 
cnuiLr:r, mull remain in theii ancient rcl.-.- 
tian to the Empire, and cannot confe(|uen*Jy 
kfubjfclcil to ihe laws of your Kiiigdom. 

** But with rcfpcCl even to the ihftncls, :hc 
ceTu^-'iof which isiho moft cxpref-^ly flipu- 
ksd in ih.e ticants, I r.uice cannot he ip/io- 
ru: :I]^: thefe very t:>ja:ie.. he.c <;ivcn to tiie 
l\erc:re of your lupeuucy^ in icgard to liu 
valGL of Che Lmpuc, different rclli liitions, 
biKl: fpjritual and civd, whicii r.nuutt in any 
lh?.ne he arbiti'anly ovcriuiticd hy new de- 
Cites of your n.'ition. 

" Wr have therefore reafon t« complain 
of llie 4:cp g.ilion? v\hich, fin*:*: the month of 
A:i:;u'l, 17^9, have been ma Ic lo the terms 
of:hc fail! fica'.>ev, a.id ir.fia-lHuns wliich 
luve fullfjwcd n: CDMlequvnct-, lolhepreiu- 
tfice cif our rig' i^y of thof*; of the Enip.rc, 
aod of our vaiuls ; and we are convuued 
that we are bound not only to intcrpofe in 
their favour the muit luleir.n }f|-oielta:ion, 
borh in our name and the name of the Lni- 
f-ire, but alfo to give to the injured all ttie 
aul» wliidi tlie dignity uf the lin|>erial L\)uir, 
2nd t'..e mamtenauce of Lite piclent Coijiu- 
tawm, require. 

*' inch IS il:*: refo!.K:f:i un iv'nicli we have 
detemnr.ed, an-.? wc ilicruM nlrt-.uly ha* e ta- 
ksomeafureii :o fii'^'.-fy ii m t.-- moft ettiva- 
0005 ni jnn-r: , i' \\t\\v 'S\.\\t'\\'-s %vcJI-kni«wn 
fEqt.ntcriLi of i;.lli..c ..i.«i c ;;: \y bat] inn k-ft 
Uit)tiiope o/^o'tt.,ut.n_i ir, .ut .utucjhh nt» 
fitimJao, ia f,i\oui of the v^nilth uiouv Lni* 



pire, a reintrgration full andcoiiformablet* 
the difpofitioii of Jthofe treaties. 

'• Ymir MajeOyS prudence will eafily per- 
ceive the injury which a violation of the pro- 
mifes, equally binding on botli parties, reci- 
procally m.ide to the hjnpire by your Crowop 
and even guaranteed by the latter, would do 
to the title bv which the different countries 
of Alface and Lorraimc have been fuccef- 
fivcly tnnisferred to you. It will cafily dis- 
cover ihec'Mifequtfittes, not to be calcu.ated, 
which may be produced both in Kurope aiul 
the other parts of the world, wliere nations 
exid that !:ave at any time enteied into trea- 
ties with yours, by fu manifell 9. proof, that 
France, without regard to tlie fan^tity of pub- 
lic prumifes, thinks herfelf at liberty to vio- 
late them whenever her own intereft makes 
it appear convenient. 

*' Your dcfire 10 caufc juft ice between na- 
tions to be obferved, and to maintain the 
friendship that fubfi{l<i between your King- 
dom and our Empire, will certainly induce 
you to difregard this pretended convcniencey 
which cannot be obuined but witli the detii- 
nr.ent of treaties, and does not allow us to 
doubt, that the inflances which we now le* 
new to you, both in oiir own namv, and tlie 
n irae of the Empire, will effis^ 3 cell'ation 
of all tlie innovations made fmce tite begin- 
ning of Auf.nll 1789, as far as they atfcft 
the dates and i*afral> of our Empire, that they 
will ojierate the re-ert;iblilhment uf the lat- 
ter in the engagement of all the revenues of 
which they have been deprived j and, linal- 
ly, that the re-cltabijfliment of all tlnn-s, on 
the footing deiermiued by the treaties, will 
be the conle<|uciiLe. 

** Wc entreat your Ma}erty to make known 
to u&, if this us your full intention. The 
more prompt your aMfwer, and tlic more 
conformable to received cultum, the le& 
doubt we (hail enteitainof the lincenry of 
yourdefire, and that of y<iur Nation, to lulti- 
vare peace and fi icnilfhip with tlie Empire. 
We Willi your M;ijrlH' rvery thing tint cau 
conli d>ute to ymu' liappinuls. 

ii'r.tn -It ficKfjf Dee. 3, 1791.'* 
After reading il.c llmperor's ra:ilicatiouof 
the Lcjj^.'hjum of the i-'iet, ihe mmillc-r in- 
fo, mcd lite AUl'iiiliiy, th:.t he iliouid f(x>n 
lay bc-toie tlieni (ho au<> innihc.ihon a^^recd 
up»r» with t!.e prin- r ot i.ovvenllein. 

1 lie piincj of HoiiLiToe and il;e prince of 
S.ilm-Niini were diipoled ii» treat on the fame 
InniJ, lo ili.v The execution of one ajjree- 
mj:it uu;;!d ;:I:n.>ll cone! U(!e the other two. 
Ne^otaiuins were a!:'o p;oinp; on, and well 
adv;4iKci; v\i:h tho duke of VViiCcmbcrg, tlie 
iiiil'.e of i)cov-pi-n:s, ;iud piiiKC of Maximi- 
lian j iuit the}- i<:«|uiied, ]>rcvunis lo any final 
agreement, ihe reimniMicmeiit 01 ti.cir re- 
ve::ues on Ihe ?c;\l.'.l 1 tc^hts in queil.un, from 
tls4'.n(:f A'.i.ii:;t I'ir^. 

iJ.i iVT.ilc ■.*..) :l.«s\ »^l4.\Vv\i:<\ V.'.N UCW T\\\tv\^«C 

a t 'i'lc vc-* : 1 1 J J J ii i L t j . \ t • M \i\^\t\yA ' s OAV\>e«\- 
iwi; {!jc aiicnji>U*^»-'. oi vUc c^vu^vauU v;\\.\\\ti 

Vvv« 



7« 



Manifefto ofthi Empiror ogalnfl France, 



[J*n. 



hi»' States before the 15th of Tanuao'> on Cjfie // thf Cbancr/hr ef th. C'^wrt and Statn, 
pain of being confiUered a^ an etx'my. He ** FiJMceKauuitz Ricihcrg, lite chanceiior 
Ivad atfo claimed anew the iivterpofition tif *of lit^j Court and State, b:iving prefented 10 



the Empire, imJ leprefentcd to like EnipCHV 
the inevitable confequencey of a frcond le- 
fiif.il. Inltiuiflior.s to the fame effort h:«d 
been i;ivcu to M.^ejur, tl'.e new miiirilcr at 
Berlin, anJ to l:is oth::r miniilcrs at U.c priu- 
cipal Ccrm.:;:court>. 

Lett*' Jt »: li*. Kirg to t':- T^t.thn:!! ^Jjjiinoiy, 
ln'A'ght hy a tftfj/fi^f Dtc. 31. 

1 have charged the miniflcr for Foreign 
Affairs, to comnauuicate :o you tlie otJicsal 
notice v\ h.ch the Emperoi' \\,y& caufcd to l>e 
dclivei'td 10 ihe Amballadoi' from France at 
Vienna. 1 his notice, 1 mud L') , has caufed 
ne the greateft aftonifhment. 1 had a right 
to reckon on the fentimcnts of the Eir.pert;r, 
and of his defire of prcferving wuh Fraixe 



the Empenir the i»rtjci'il communication made 
by the French Amhaflhdor, of .'in ofleisfibit 
difpnrcli from Mr Dcleliart, dated the 14th 
of Kuaml/jr lall, lie li;u. heen aoth.iair,' to 
exp-.cfo, in rt'nrn 10 the laid AmbaliJkJ-ii . an 
anfuer to liic (aid difp»tch, with that e* tire 
frecii->m wliich his Imperi;'! Miicfly th-nks'.t 
his'duty lit obferve on all ohjedts relative to 
the inip.-i-tant crifisin which the kingdom uf 
Fiance is. 

" The chancellor ha?, in confeqiience, t!« 
honour to communicate on his fide, that \^^» 
Ele6\or of 7revei« has alfo fenl to the Empc» 
ror a note, which the minifterof France ut* 
charged to prefent him at Ciihlentz, as like* 
wife the anfv^er which the Eledor gave 10 
the faiti note ; tliat this prince, at the fame 



the good intellij^ence and all the connexions time, had made known to his Imperi.1l Ma- 

that ought to fubfift between two allies. I jefty, that l;e had adopted, refpe^ing the af- 

cannot yet think that his dii'pofitioiis »re fembling and arming of the French refugeet 

changed: 1 wilh to perfuatle myiclf that he and emigrants, with regard to the fnniiihing 

has been deceived refpe6ling the true (tate of them with aims an^ warlike ammuntion, 

fa6\s; that he has fupjHjfcd that the Elci^t^r the f.unc phnci|>les aod regulations a? h:id 



of Treves had fulfilled ll e duties of jufti^e 
and good ne ghbourliood ; and tliat, never- 
lhelcf«, thi«; Prince hr.d caulV to fear that his 
Slates iniglit neexpofed lo violences, or par- 
licular incurfions. 



been ]vwi ill f«>i ce in the Aullriaii low couririe*, 
*' Jiut that difcontents began lo foread hi^J 
tweeii his fnhjcdls and thofi^ in the environs; 
that the triiuiuillity of his frontiers and St;itef 
were likely to be trouMed by incurfions and 



•< In the anfwer which I have given to the violences, notwithft.m Ung this u i:e meafnrci 

Emperor, 1 repeat to him, tlat 1 h ive dc- and that the Ehet(>r cl;4imed the allif^ance of 

manded nothing but w',.at ib jvifl from t' e the r.mpcror, in cafe the event realized his 

Eiedlor of Treves, and nothing but wh:\l the fea»s. 

Emperor himfelf hatl given an example of. *♦ That the Emperor is perfcj^ly tranquil on 

1 remind him of the cave the 1 lench Nation the jufl and moderate iitcntions «if ih? moft 

took irrmcdiately to prevent the atlembl.Hg ChnftianKing, and not kfs convinced o!* the 



ol the Brubanlers, when thty attempted it in 
the ncigl-btnuhorid of ihe Awllrlan Pays Baa»> : 
finally, I renew to l.lm -.he wmH t>f Fraice 
for the prcfcrvation 01 peace ; but at iMc 
fame tirne I dccbre, thnt if, alter the cp(Kh 
which 1 liave fixed, ih.o l.letlor of Tifes 
ha^ HOC re.iHy am! tilvt'livdy ^hipetlVd the 
iiflemblajrcb which ex'll in his St.iics, nothing 
Ihall prevent me OfMn pi o;M»f;ng to the Na- 
tional AlTemMy, a-<\ h.-vc ahc dy ann-.uij- 
ed, to employ force c;f :v/i to i \Mif^r:;in ::. 

*' If ih'.sdeclai: tier t' v' i:v : pio.Ukc; :he 
effect whiih 1 hive :: 1 ;/' t to ho;e ; if \\ c 
dtllinv ol rijiiiv- is, l.'* h..ve lo ij';ht v.j.U 
her children and her it'.ijos; I (h.ili m.ii.e 
known to EiiJo|>c liie 'urtice <»f oi!»- c.'".i.'<-. 
ThcFiench pei^uc ^vill iup[ioit it '"'" t'".-ii 
couiaj^ej and the nation will it;tj l!:.:t lis-? 
m» nit«reft but hcis; :inJ iliat 1 lYi'il! «.vcr 
mauit.un her dijv.iity and licr l.iicty, a: li.e 
molt dl'ential of my dulier. 

(.Signed) '* L«;ui5. 

(Underneath) " Delessaut." 

Statk or Affatrs Ap.roap. 

lif^ivi/.flti rf ti- F.mpcior ttva ^-.jf FraniTC. 
Pr//ic< Kaiuiitz Ricibtjv, /o:/j. French ^jw- 



gieat intcicft wl'ich ihe French Goi-crn* 
ment h:i5, in preventing Foi<i,j;n Sovcicign 
Powers from bciup; provoked to adl a^ainll 
tlicm by force of aim-- ; hut daily ex|^ricnco 
fhtws, that liiere do not appear principles of 
flabihry ;ird m u'crat'on eni>ugh in Fn.nce, 
in tiie fv.boniin ition of her pnwers, and eipe- 
ciaMy in the provinces and municipal itu-s, to 
prevent the npprchcnfion that the f^rre of 
arms nniii ht* exiM..iftd, in fpile of the king't 
intention >, and in fpite of ihe dan[^crs oi tlic 
co'if.-tuit i;..es. 

*' iii> iFVi-cri. ' '^T.iicfly, nccefTiiated as well 
hv III.. f)it.'u",nM.^ f. r the F.icclor of Treves, 
a'- by wx c>.nti.!c: .'titvi he owes to the imcr- 
eft «:! (ic: ni'.ny a., n co-eltate, and to his 
\y,\\\ ir/i^ieri jS a iie;j^libo'.r, has enjoi.'.ed 
mai:h.il dt. Bfjiulcr, comin.indei-j;eiural of 
t\K- :iv.o. s in the P;iy» h;lr^, to maich to iho 
Sr..tv>(t| his Elt^oral lllghncfb fpcedy and 
effk 'o'o-af; fnccoiii"^, in c:ile he fliould be at- 
tacKvn nith !;olt'.ie incvii fions, or even im- 
miiv. nil; uT?!MCcd with tut h. 

" Tlie [,mpeior is too f;ncerely attached to 
his Chriftian Majefty, and lakes too great 
part in the wdl -being of Fr;uicc, and the 
i;ei:cval rcpok-, not to tiefnc ardently the 
pveveuuow ot \.u\s t"50Lctti\\v^ , 'awv^ t.\ve uifalii- 



179a.] Inttrtfting InttUigenct from the Eaft Indies. 



79 



well on the prtrt of the Chief and the States 
of [lie Gemiun tmpire, r.s of other Sove- 
regnSy who have u:ii:ec! in cmice:! lu main- 
tain the public ti\ii)'{j'il!ttyi aiivl for the r;ife- 
tr and honour or Cruwii;: Liia it is in con* 
fequence of ti.i!. letter tli.u ihc chtncellor 
pnncc KaunKz is onlerefl to l>e open ;tiid 
anrefcrved lo the AiiihrtilaJor of Fr.uice, to 
wNnn lie has the lionour of repejtinj his 
H'Hrpr.ces (if having t!ie mud dilli. guiiricd 
CQQiWcration. 

I '.'tW.lt Pec. 2 1, 1751.** 

Dc. 26. 71 e f'^ihivlKfr ii ciic:t/jfeJ jf tot j-hi" 

fitter 9/ the King ^^ t'ye F-entb ti /be Eirpe- 

i^r\ Sotiji..f;',n. 

Louu XVI Kifg of the French, /» I^opald II. 

Emperor ofGet-mjuy. 

** Tlie French notion docs i^ot derive the 

trt^e to its ff)verreignty from tl;c archives of 

tte Im|>erial Ch inccry — it is lovere gt], be- 

caufe It is free — ii 1? free, hera jfe it c'.ofeto 

he fo— and the ohje^l of its choice mull be 

•t'TlMl. 

•* This id«a miift extend :i!ike, without dif- 
crimination or limit, to all its territories — to 
the u'hole of the S3 departments. Allh;>ve 
concurred to form the National Keprefentation 
—all arc iutegial parts of tlic i' rcnch Mo- 
narchy. 

" Thefe principleswill admitof no chnngtf 
sr modification. Would the nation have re- 
fcued its rights from the fiands of ilomeilic 
tyrants, tolmi-entier t!iem merely to 1 know 
not uhat forrign Oipremacy? 'Ihc French 
acknowledge n.» fupremicy but their own. 

** *Vhen : ' .e N.itional Alfcmbly confen'.ed to 
initeranify certain Gcrni.in prin«.e^, it confult- 
eil it", own gciverofit/ rather th .n ilse claims 
cif juftice: it is time to e..tirp.iic tl.efc lait 
remains of the f::udalfy(lem. From li.is pe- 
riin' it will grant no imnmmtitrs or fjvour^, 
^liich ftranger*:, h:iviu;7, iMoper.y or ic'.i- 
Jen:c in France, crjoy in comm'>n. 
. " Have you not fcen, th.nt tlie fait !i of French- 
men, with refpeol to t|■e.llic^. is by t'le N'tw 
CiJiftirution placed bcynrul li.c p.)At:r of 
cl^.tugc ? K.ng*- may fomer.niis hnvc f.-.tlcd in 
their eng.igements; but the Monai.hy of a 
fee people never will foll.nv the f:::imj/!c, 
ni>r Will the people furicr Iiim. The itireft 
pict'ge of the pood faith of goveriimenti, is 
the hbeity of the i>eo|>le." 



East Inhia I^■T^LI.1CF.NCR. 
Tlu; Sw.olu'.v Packet arrived at Hiillol on 
the if'h inic'.n:. she left Mai'ias on the 
lift iif Scj^umbirr, .'•nd had a p.tllipcot four 
monlhf a'.:'l ti.c days. — Jhe h)r.«)vv!ns sie 
l;e m-.ft :i- :• vr/tc pai titulars lh:^t have hi- 
theriti ir.;!jr.'^netl. 

tail Co. nua'iis had amp!y rccii:i:ed his 
Inf. of l.'uHoci;*, .'nd witli an army ucll pro- 
vi'W<i \v:ch pio^'-ion*^, ftorci rnvS a ii.itler- 
ing tr.tin, \\'\i pi'-p.-uin';; to tak-s ilie held, 
and priicced .?.^;i'ii 10 bi:no^ •putMii. Tippro 
iud fc'jurcJ and clcnrvJ hi-i a.untry .ill " 
Mfoand of proviGoiis, and Lid cuircticUed 



himfelf in a very flrong manner in the ifland 
of his capital. Tliis xvas clearly afct-Ttauied, 
for the road from Bangalore to Sei m:;;.p..t:in3 
was perfc^ly open. Tippoo had nciihcr mo* 
lefted Lord Cotnwallis's army in their en- 
trend .ments, nin* fa'lcn U|wn the Cariuitic. 

The MahiMCtHs had cohCinued iiioily at- 
tached ; and fo peifeCtly at their eafe had die 
Britifh army been, that many oflicers ob- 
tained leave to vifit llieir families at Madras. 

1 t:s Foit of Ryacoitah had fallen into our 
hunds. 

Major Goudy had taken Ouflbur, the jilacc 
which Earl Curnwallis announced his lutcu* 
lion to attack. 

On the icih Anguft J>n*d Onrnwallis re- 
ceived a Val* rrcl from Tippoo, ch:u"g<'d witli 
a commiirn»n to treat for pcac'i, corjjoinily 
with ihe noble tarl anA Hurr)- J^itir ; hut hii' 
Lorddiip perfif^ed in retufmg to t»f:;</tiat<i 
othcrwil'e tl- »n by writing, and the V;ikocl 
w.is fcnt iMck. 

In Augvii^ a detachment of Tipptio%lrot)i'k 
hau att:.ckcd Coimbalore, but was rcpulit^j 
wi:h confidei able lofs. 

The Rajah of Travancore liad agreed to 
contr.buie towards the exi)ences of tlse wjtr, 
oiicnhhly uiideitaken in hib fupp'Mt, ten 
la.:ks of lupocs per annum^ dining its conti- 
nuance. 

General Abercrombic had fccired his re- 
Irc.it from Pcrnpn^im without ;iii) imeniip- 
tion, and was cnc.mped nc:ir icllichcriy. 

A |>.r;y of the Mahraitas had been 'jcatea 
by ripi>oo, aiid Utftyoomcn. 

He had returned to his capit-.d, as ihi; r^ 
pc>rt was in tlic Hrililh camp, fu.k a::d ililpi- 
rited. The rintiih army, on i^e t'Mitr.Try, 
was inhigii fpnit^, and, ai before , »»o iionlj^s 
were niiiMiMotd ot tlic complete lixctik of 
tile expcd:ii'in. 

Sir Oh.n'ts O.ik'ev had kept ^9 Lick*; of 
llie money lent uui for the Chu.a in.«.'ll.;i r.t, 
Uj ;'.n'.wer the t.x'.;cncic^ of iun v:.a' ; .ind 
f'ciy rl/ir-r; W.I* made to give way to 'Jut 
iiniMii;:'.: o'-je 'I. 

yv jeport w.-.v (vHTfnt in t;-.:Ti|>, tl-.a' the 
tii.op.»- of Tippoo wtre lickly, a.ul ili..; tWc/ 
deteiled d.iil]'. 

Ths Fo'uiii had not arrived at I'tii.o.len la 
July. 

1 ippoo's d.f^iwulties were m; ..1; -.ncn-arcj 
by FiJifetam Hovv 1 a M;i!'.n".tta vivr.i'i.-d; hav- 
ing pdlcUcd himftl! of llie Scia CdUi.ti , , hu- 
twi-wiiSeinr^ap.iiamand Chiltledio«>g ; llicrc- 
by cuU'ng clt all fupplies i'.ii:';i. I'lpp- • 
could ob'ain from thai quai'cr, llie i)iiiy 
(piarterfiom which he could re«.e>vc aililtance 
of provinoiis. 



West India InteLLIGrncf. 
ro^f-cu''"rifnfy OH, 30. V^ e h i- c been 
overwhclmeil bv the mot\ unf'.rn'iai'.cxcr.ri, 
the detail of which would {)c l^o iori^to cii- 



t:'r into i \/Ut the hi\\ov>'\\^^ iwv: \ ,v \-.cjlv\v»\<i- 
Lted in the U«f. luanuov \v\ \^^\ t* '.' .«-^ Vn^"^* 
cecvied Ckcb other ; lov luwv^ cjiuVc ot va\n« 



8o Intittigenci from tbi Weft Indies and America. [Jan. 

(no douht of a very compUcatad nature), the done witli thefe Suiffc%f and it is at lad deter- 

xnechanicks of the Nurihem part have re* mined to put them on b<-ard a veffel without 

volted, have killed all the Whites they have arms (many, no doubt, have cfcai^d) ; how 

mec with, and, in tine, have reduced tliat cvtr, zoo arc ua board, and uill Tail this 

beantiful province to ruins.* The fucceiis of uighc. Some fay they are to be condncled to 

,tl>e Whites w.ss very binlliant and great ; but La Bnyc Mouftiqr.cs, with pro\ifi<)ni. for 3 

tiieir vidtories were fatal to thcai, as, in de- n-.ontlis, and then left to take their clunce. 

ikroying the enemy (though it were better This will, at any rate, take them away from 

Hvey were all deHrc^ed) they (acrificed their c mimunicarion with our Negroes; though 

own pmperty. Tiic Negroes had at their fome aic of opinion, that m.tny of ihem 

head, and ftill have, a number of Whites, may get back again. 

and a flill greater number office Mulattoei: ; Dec i. On Xht 2ifl of lall month a ban- 
however, the generality of the free Muh.t- ditti, confiftin^ «*t Ibme hundreds of what 
toes of this province have behaved very well are called p.tit; hljr.a (a moft~abauiloned and 
on the occafion ; they have ofl^red their fer- unprincipled fet of niifcrcani?, compofed of 
vice^ to the Whites, and dcfired to uni:e people of all natioiis,) .iCti'ateJ, wiitiovit 
%vith them, ai^ engage the common enemy doubt, by a defne of plunder, fet (\\t to the 
in a body. Tiieir requeft has been complied town, which is entirely confumed, with the 
with; and this is the fiuiation of the Cape, exception only of ten or tv\clve houfcs. — 
and the m;uiner in which the circumllances The better fort of whites, and the people of 
occurred. colour, have in conjunflion, taken imme- 
The events to which our dependency was diitv* and cftcdtiial meMlures to prevent thofc 
expofed were abfoliuely the fame ; happily, villains from commiitin,:; any outrage upou 
however, havmg been warned in time, we the plantation;: or on the country ; and from 
Ibould certainly have been preferved, if tlie tlie force they have on the plftin of Leogane 
free Mulattoes who inhabited it had conduift- and ai the Croix dc Bouquets, tliey have no 
ed thenifelves fimilar to the major part of doubt that they will be able to preiier\'e tlic 
thofe of the Cape; but, on the contrary, in- pbnt vtions. 

Head of joining with us in the refolution of An embargo has been laid on all the ihip- 

cugaging and refilling the common enemy, ping ;« this place, iii confcquence of this un- 

tliey inflantly took up arms againll us, to fortunateevent,both with a viewtnfecur^tlie 

recover (what they ctllcd} their riglits; and aiTi (lance of the crews in c.ife of necelVity, 

as neither their number n<»r their dilcipiine and t'.wt the velfelb m.ny ferve to accoinmo- 

ci'cated any alaim in us, they gained over a date tiiC inhabitants who have been burnt out 

^real number of Haves, fonic hy prom-fes-, of their iiotifes. 

and others by force. Miinv iwit.i'.ici'.s have 

been burnt, anumherot wh.te. alLilinated, American Intelliof.ncr. 

being overpowcretl by numbers. Welxadat 7'/; P;??. sident's ^i/rc/i /o Asr'j Houses 

that time for Chiefs men who, conceiving cf iii I'kpvkal LKGt:>LA 1 ukk, d^Z/ffrc-^ 

that the old fyftem was going to le ie-el\a- ;/; th^ .<itjU 'JMtnhrron tU Cfming &/"Con- 

bliihed, and having much to dread ihould r,;i.v.\:,. 

that t.ike place, would lather wifh to ft-e *^ I filric-:hixens of the Senate^ anJ cf the Houfe 

the whole colony loft, than make any facri- of i^'/'^cjhitatt-vttf 

fices in favour of the free Mulattoe'- ; in con- ** I mccc you, upon the prefent occafion, 

fequence of vvh.ich, only a I'mall detachment wilhihtr feelings which are fi;<tur;illy inipiied 

was fcnt out againft the Negroes, which was by a llrong imprclhon of ilie profperous 

foon overpowered; this fuccefs encouraged fiiuation of our common country, and by a 

the Mulaltoes, and as they knew that the peiTnifion equally ftrong, thiU the labtnirt of 

tliinkuig part of the inhabitants, as well of the fei^iofi, which has jurt commeiKed, will, 

this city as the neighbouring countiy, were under the guidance of a fpirit no lefs prudent 

■willing to grant them almoft any thing ra- thnn patnouc, ilfue in moafures conducive 

ther th.in ruin the colony, they kept firm, tt) the ft.ibility and increal'e of national pro- 

and a conconiat has been entered into with fpei itv. 

them. The free Mulattocs are novi in tltii. •* Nunurrous as are the providential MeflTings 
city, armed accord in f», lo one of the articles which demand viurgrateful acknowledgments; 
of the cvuorJtit i hitherto they have done ih:^ ahui.d.mce with which another year hat 
nothing a^^ituill the treaty, but have bronght ag.iin re winded the induftiy of the h-.:ib.ind- 
their :>utj/'ts (.is they call tliem) with them ; ni;in is too important tt) elcapc rccollcdlion. 
thefe are the fwifteil ii.^vts wlu)m they liave •• Your own obfervations in your refpedlive 
kept among them, and whom they Iiave not fiiua:ioni, will have latisfied you of the pro- 
hilherto been prevailed upon to rerto:c to greiVivc il.ite t»l agriculture, manufadtuies, 
their mailers. Thefe fcllovvi nuke nofcra- commciue, and navigation. In tracing llirir 
pie of telling our Negroe.^, «< If you had fol- CrtUlt., you will have remarked with parti- 
lowed our example, you would have been cular [)leal'ure i\\e h;'ppy eifech of that re- 
/ree, and all tha country would have been vival of contidcnce, piihlic as well as private, 
ours," Such language as this muft do harm, lo \\h\c\\ lY\e cov\ft\u\\\o\\ «c\^ Xwj^ vA \>^^ 
A. eouDcil tui been licld about what is to be \)iuicd bvaxc* Yost luflwi\tifi\^ tov\vt^v5Xt\\ 



*79»'] 



Intertfting IntMgintt from Americai 



8i 



and fou will obferve^ witli no Ids intereft, 
new ;iiiil deciHvc protifix of the increafing re- 
poeatron and ccsdic of the nation. But 70U9 
neverthelcfs, caanoC Eiil tn derive fatisfadtion 
finom Che confirmation of thei'e circtimlt.inces, 
which will be dtfdnfed in the {everal oflicial 
conuniini cations thit will be nnacie to you in 
the courfe of your deliberations. 

Tlie rapid fuhfcriptions tn the Bank of the 
Unireil Sta'cSy which completed the fum al- 
lowed to 1m: I'uhTcribed in a fiiigle d.iy, is 



impofition, and, a<; far as mar he prac- 
ticahlcy <.<>ntrnvcrfy co:iceminx the rt-^ility 
and extent of ilw alicn.uio.iS uhidi ai« 
niadr. 
Tltat commerce with them fhould be prohi- 
bited under rcguUitiOfiJ tendint; to fccuro 
an equitable d«|M:rtment towards them^f 
and th;it fuch rational experiments fhould 
be made for imparting to them ihc bieif- 
ings of civilization as may from time to 
time fuit their condition. 



mg the (Iriking and pleafii>g evidences That the Executive Powerof the United States 



which prefeuL themfelves, nut oiily oFcnnfi- 
deriCd iii t).e gMvemmoit, but of rerource ia 
the community. 

In ilic interval of your recefs, due attend 
tion has bcri puid to the executirm di xX-Jt 
diffeicnt cibjccls which weie I'pectally pro- 
T:deil for by ttie bws and refolutious of the 
lail fusion. 

Anoong *.he moft important of tl.efe is the 
defence aiid fccurity of the Weftem frontiers. 
To accompli ih it on tlie rood humane princi- 
, pla, WO; a primaiy wi(h. 

Accordingly, at the fame time that trea- 
ties favc (teen provififxialiy coiicludcdy and 
other pi ui<r means u(ed to atixih the waver- 
ing ai^l to coii^'u.-n in their fr endfhip tl<e 
wcll-difpofeil tiil>e« of IndlaiK — cfttdliial 
roertfarcs have h<;«n adopted to ni.ike ihote of 
a boftile defci'i',>t>o:i fenfible, Uiat a paciJica* 
tun wa: dcfircd upon termi of mod^ratMO 
and jufl)..e. 

r hcfc nic jfnres having proved unOiccef»- 
futy it hec.vne neoelfary to oxivinc? Mi« re- 
frai?'*ry of the p iwer of the United Staw-s to 
pa-.u:h ilieir depredations : oflwfive opera- 
tions h:ivc' therefiMTe been diredled—- to he 
coT.i*Ui^t'ji', liiiWLVcrt as confillrrntly as pof- 
fi'M tiitfi the di .Elates ot hjinaaity. Some 
of th:{e have he.:n crowned with full fuccefs, 
and ochirrs arc ye: Jependiug. The cxpedi- 
tiuis wli.cli hsve been coTnj}leted weie car- 
ried on under live authnri'.y, and at the ex- 
peiicif, of Lht; U:iit.d States, by the mditiacrf 
Kcntuckv, wluite enterpnle, intrepidity, and 
grod coj.duA, are e:jtiilcd to peculiar com- 
aierdp.tion. 

Oveiturc^ of peace are ftlU continued to 



ihould be enabled to employ the mean*: to 
which the Indians have been long accof- 
toroed, for uniring tlieir immeJiate in- 
terells with tiie piefervation of peace* 
And 
That efticncioa^ provifion fliould be madefr)r 
inflicting adripia'.e penalties upon AX thofe 
wlm, by violating thfir rigl.tf, (hall in- 
fringe the treaties, and c'nd.inger the peaco 
of the Union. 

A fyftem corrcfiKHiding with the mild 
principles of religion and philanthropy to- 
wards an unenlightened race of men, whofs 
happinels materially depends on ilw onidudt 
of the f niierl S^'tes, w mild !)e a«! honour- 
able to the national chanic>er as cmifornuble 
Co rhe dictates of found |Nihcy. 

The powers fpecially veOeil in mc by the 
a£l laying certain duties on diftiilei) fpirits, 
wh.icl) reipedt the fub-divifions of the dif- 
tri^ts into lurvcys, the nppuintmeiu of of- 
ficers, and tl>e aingnmeni of compcnfations^ 
hive likewtfe been cnrrieil into ettrdit. In a 
matter in wlucli both materials and expe- 
rience were waitint: to guide the calcula- 
tion, it Will be readily conceived rhat there 
muft liave been dirticulty in fnch an .idjull- 
mentof 'he rat<rsof compeafation, as would 
conciliate a reafonable cnmpecency, with a 
proper regard to the limits prefer! bed by tlie 
law. It is honied, that the civumfpetftion 
which h:is been ufeil will be founu in the re- 
fult to have I'ecured the Ind of the two ob- 
jeifts ; but it is prnh.ible, that with 3 view to 
the firlt, in fome inttnnccf:, a revifion of the 
provifion will he found iidvifable. 
The impreiFiMns with w hich this law has 



Che «xluded tribes, and confiderablK nnmbei's been received- by the community linve been* 



of indivuhML bcIoi:g:ng to tiicm hM'e lately 
rcAO'.tticed :ill fmii.cr op||K>fitton, re^Tioved 
from their foin'tri titu.itions, and pL^ct-'d them- 
frhe> under Che immediate protection of the 
L'nittrd Stat*r<;. 

It tf lines rely to lie defired that all need of 
coercion hi future may ceafe. and th t an in* 
timdCtf lUtcicoi.rfi: ni.i) fucceed, c.dLul;;Ccd to 
auvance iIh: h.ippinL':s of the Indian*:, and to 
attach tlit'in finnly to the United "-tites. 

In oarer '■■» tJJs ii leemi necellary — 
That th>:y ihd>iUi experience tl.o benefits of 

an )m|\irt:al diCi^eniation of juilice. 
Tliat ihtf mods of alietiatuig their lands, the 

main lource of difcont^nt aud war, ihnuJd 

be fo defjnvJ jnd je.uLitifJ a:> to ob«i.'i(« 
€0tm r, Mao, _^«/^y, '7*fJ^* 

II 



upon the whole, fucli ;is were to l>e expect- 
ed anump enlightened and wcU-difpofed citi- 
zens, from t e pi(»| 'rieiy and nccelhty of the 
mo.ifme. 7'lie novelty, however, of the tax, 
in a confii'erablc jnrt of tlie United States, 
and a mifci^nceptiun of fome of its provi- 
li'.in', have given (v»:;»f:on, in particular 
places, to lomc dc>£iee ot dil'content. But it 
is fntii^f.i^ory to know, that this dif}Xjfilion 
yields tc> piopcr t:xpl^n.itio:is and mo:e juit 
apprci-.eiifions of the true nature of the law ; 
iind I eiitcitan a full coutidtnce thnt it willf 
in all, '^\\e way to motives which arife ouc 
of a jo it lenCe of duty, and a virtuous regard 
to the public welfare. 
Jl Uieie Ai« all) cuc«mfiLitvg«i& vdWvt \vN « 



82 



IntereftiHg hielllgtMt/nm Americi. 



[Jw 



vhich, oonfiftently with its main (SeHgn, my 
be ff> v;iried at to remove any weU-iiiten- 
tioneU objeAions that may happen to exift^ 
it will confift with a wife moderation to make 
the proper variations. It is defimble, on all 
occafions, to unite, with a fteady and firm 
fulherence to conflitiitional and neceilary acts 
of government, the fulleft evidence of a dif- 
pnfition, as far as may he pratlicah!e, to con- 
fiilt the wilhes of every part of tlie commu- 
nity, and to lay thd foundations of the pubKc 
adminiftration in the affie^ions of the people. 
Ptlrfiimit to the amiiority contained in the 
ieveral adU on iluit utbje^t, a dilbndl of ten 
miles fquare, (or tlie permanent feat «>f the 
fovernmertt of the United Stdies, has been 
fixed, and announced by proclamation ; which 
di(lri<fl will comprehend lands on t)oth fides 
of the river Potowmac, and the towns of 
Alexandria and George^town. A city lias 
alfo been laid oiit^ agreeably to a phn which 
will be placed befoie Congrcfs : and as there 
is a profpedt, favottred by the rate of fales 
which have already taken place, of ample 
funds fi>r carrying on the necelfary buildings^ 
there is every expediatioo of their doe 
progreis. 

The completion of the cenfus of the inha- 
bitants, for which provifion was made by 
law, has been duly notified (excepting in one 
inftance, in which the return had been in* 
lurmal ; and another, in which it has been 
omitted or mifcarried) ; and the returns of 
the officers who were charged with this duty, 
which will be laid before you, will give you 
tlie pleafing alTiirance, that the prefcnt popu- 
lation, of the United States borders on four 
millions of perfons. 

It is proper alfo to inform you, that a fur- 
ther loan of two millions and a lulf of florins 
has been completed in Holland, the terms of 
which are (imiiar to ihofe of the one laft an- 
nounced, except as to a fmall redudlion of 
charges. Another, on like terms, for fix 
millions] of florins, had been fet on foot, un- 
der circuml\ances that alfured immediate 
completion. 

Gtntlemen of the Senate^ 
Twotreaiies which liave been provifio- 
nally concluded with the Cberokees, and fix 
naiions of Indian^, will be laid before you fur 
your confider.1t ion and ratification. 

GintUmin oftbi Uoufe <f Rfftrfrntatives^ 
In entering upon the diicharge of your le- 
gidativetruft, you mud anticipate with plea- 
Cure, that many of the difficulties, necellarily 
incident to the firft arrangement of a new go- 
vernment for an extenfive country, have beea 
luppily furmounted by the zealmis and judi- 
cious exertions of your predccelfors in co- 
operation with the other branch of the le- 
gillature. The Important objects which re- 
main to be accomphlhed will, i am per- 
suaded, be coududed upon principles equally 
comprehenfive, and equally well calculated 
Hnr Che ad\^juic ment of ilit general weaU 
TAa lime limited fur rectivio|S fubicrip* 



tions to the loans propofed by the aA naaking 
provifion for the debt of the United States 
having expired, llatemcnts from the proper 
department will, as foon as pofTible, apprile 
you ofthe exa^refalt. Enough, however^ 
is already known, to afford an afTurance that 
the views of that a6k have been fubftantiallf 
fulfilled. The fubfcription ia the domeftic 
debt of the United States has embraced by far 
tlie greatefl proportion of that debt ; afiurd- 
ing, at the fame time, proof of the general 
fatibFnd^ion of the public creditors with the 
fyflem which has been propofed to their ac- 
ceptance, and of tlie fpirit of accommodation 
to the convenience of government with which 
they are adluated. The fubfciipUons in Che 
deht< of the refpe^hre States, as far at tkm 
provifions of the law have permitted, miy 
be faid to be yet more general. The port ol 
the debt of the United States which remains 
anfubfcribed will naturally engage your for- 
ther deliberations. 

It is particularly pleafing to me to be aUe 
to announce to you, that the revenues which 
have been edablifhed proroife to be adequate 
to their obje^ls^ and may be permitted, if om 
unforefeen exigency occurs, to fuperfede, far 
the prefent, the neceffity of any new bur- 
thens upon our conftituents. 

An cAijcdl which will claim your early at- 
tention, is a provifion for the eurrent fervioe 
of the enfuiog year, together with fuch af« 
certained demands upon the Treafory as n^ 
quire to be immediately difcharged, and fuch 
cafualties as may have arifen in the execution 
of the public bufmefs, for which no fpecific 
appropriation may have yet been made i of 
ail which a proper eftimate will be laid be- 
fore you. 

Goulemen of the Senate^ mml of the Hmfi 
of Refreftntativety 

1 (ball content myfelf with a general refe- 
rence to former communications for feveral 
obje^, upon which the urgency of uUier af« 
fairs has hitherto pollponed any definitive re* 
folucion :— their importance will recall them 
to your attention ; and I trufl that the pro- 
grefs already made in the moft arduous ar- 
r.ingements of the Government will aflbrd 
you leifure to refume them with advantage. 

There are, however, fome of iliem, oC 
which I cannot forbear a more particular 
mention^thefe are, the militia— Hhe poft- 
office and pofl-ro a ds <lie mint— -weights 
and meafures — a provifion for the fale of lbs 
vacant lands of the United States. 

The firil is certainly an object of primary 
impoitance, whether viewed in refeience to 
the national fecui ity, to the fatisfaftion of the 
community, or to the prefervation of order* 
In connexion with tliis, the eftablilhment of 
competent magazines and arfenala, and Che 
fortification of fuch places as are peculiarly 
important and vulnerable, naturally prefent 
tlierafelves to confideration. The fafety of 
the Umttd SlsXes, mM«t Y^Wmi^ ^voiceAion, 



179<*] htfTifling Iniittiginci from America and Ireland. 83 



fcitkl aiiangemeiit, expofed as little as pofllbls 
<o (he hazants of ftiniiicoiu circumltances. 

Tli« iniportance of Clio polt-office and 
poft-roads, on a plan fiilhciently liberal and 
comprehenrixc, a: they refpeit the expcdi- 
CioOj fafety, and facility of aimmunicition, is 
incre.^fed by tlie inl^nmientaliiy in dilFufiiij; a 
knoiK'ledge of ;he bus aud pnicecdincs of 
Che Guvemmcnty 'u-|ilcti» while it coiitiihi.ics 
to (fie fecinicy of tlie people, fer\'es;iiroto 
gnard them again ft the ettc^ of miirepre- 
fentatiun nod mifioncoption. The eilabiilh- 
netit of additional crofs-poftsy efpecially to 
fome of tfie important points in the Wcftem 
and NcvtlicTn paitsofttie Un.oiiy cannot fail 
Cohe pf matcrriiil utility. 

Thedfrjrders in the exifting currency, nnd 
cfpeciaUy the I'carcity ot fmall change, a icar- 
CKj fo peculiarly diilrelTnig to the poi)rer 
GUlfeSf ilrung!y reoommenil tlie carrying in- 
to imniediaie elifcdt the rel'olution already en- 
tered into concerning the cflablifhnient of a 
mint. Meafiircs have been taken purfu int to 
Chat refolution for priKrui ing fome of (he molt 
UBcelfary artscles, together with the reijui- 
Ace apparatus. 

An uniformity in tlie uxiglits and rtiea* 
fures of the country is amiHig the importmt 
objeAs fubmitcod to yon by the Conftitutinn ; 
aul, if it can be deiived from a iUndurd at 
once inirarJable and univtifal, miift be no 
lefs honourable to the public councils than 
conducive Co the public umvenience. 

A provifion for the I'ale of tlie vacant lands 
of the Cniced S:atcs is p:irticularly uracil, 
amccg other rcjfons, by the important cun- 
fidcrations — that they are pledged as a fund 
Ibr reiroburfm^ ilic pu!)]ic debt— tli;it, if 
limely and jadicioully applici!, they ma> fave 
Che necefTuy of Inirdtninj; our citizens uith 
new taxes for the extinguilhment of tlie prin- 
cipal—and tlut, being fi*ce to difcluir^e tlie 
principal but in a limited pi-o|iortion, no up- 
portunity ought to be lolt tor availing ihe 
poMic fif its nghts. G. Washzncton. 

Utiit'.d Stutct, Off. 251 1791. . 
-^"^^■■^ 

I R E L A N n. 

ihtVtt, JtiK. 1 9. The Houfc met this day 
porfuant to prorogation. 

Tlie iolloviring Lonls were introduced in 
the accuftomcd forms, :inJ took their feats : 
Right Hon. William Earl of Meath, by dc- 
fcrnt; Right Hon. Thomas Vifco mt North- 
Land, by creation: Right Hon. Aithur Vif- 
cuunt Hnrburton, by ditto. 

Slvrttly after, his Excellency the Lord 
Lieutenant entered the Huufe in the ufual 
ft:ite, the cap of maintenmce home by tl>o 
Marquis "f Waterford, (he fword by the 
Earl of Miitown ; the Ccimmons being itriit 
fir, and appearing below the bar, lii> hxcel- 
kocy delivered the f<>llo\nrin I'pvcch : 
'** My Lords and Gentlemen, 

•* 1 liave it in cumirund lium his M^ijcfly 
ioacqujunt you, UuL, Guui iitc clulc u( Um 



Lift feflTion, preliminaries of peace have been 
figntd between Ruilia'and the Porte, ::nd 
tliofe powers are now engnged in negixi.ition 
for a dt-finitive treaty, which his M.ijcfty 
tnifts will complcat the rcltoration of tian- 
. quill ity amonglt the dilfcrent |>owers of Lu- 
ro|>e. 

" His Mnjcfty, convinced of tlie intereft 
you take in whatever concerns his domeftic 
luppincfa, commands me to iicquaint you of 
the mni n:i(;e of his Royal Highnefs the DiikD 
of Yoi k :»nd the I'rincefs Royal of Pruitia. 
" Gcnilemen <»f tlie Houfe of Commons, 
'• I have itrdered the proper <)fficcrs to lay 
before you tbe national accounts; and I trnli 
you Will make I'ucli proviiions .is are necef- 
I'ary for tlie exigencies of the State, and the 
honi)ui-al)Ie fupport of his Majefty's Govern* 
ment. 

** My Lords ami Gentlemcm, 

'* 1 he coMilant attention you have fhewn 
to the intereil of Ireland, make^ it unnecef- 
fary to i cc^mTiend to yiui a continuance of 
that wife fyllcm of jKilicy, from which your 
country iws received fuch ineilimable advan- 
tages in liic incre:ife of her ti.ule, her cretlir, 
and maimfadhire.:. It is cqiiitlly unneceflaiy 
fiir me paiiicularly to point out tlie encou- 
ragement of your agriculiiu-e ami -attentimi to 
your linen manufadure. The Pi^eftaiit 
charter- fch<K>ls and other charitable inltitu* 
tions will receive your accuftomed cunfide- 
ratirm. 

•• Vou may be aiTured of my reifous co- 
operatmn to forward every meaVure tlut may 
cuniiibute lo the puMic welfare. I (hall pay 
unremitting attention to 1 1 to due execution of 
tlic law ;;;id the (miinlenance of gooil order 
and gov\:rnmcr.r, fo eltential to the continu- 
ance of th.U h cedom, prof|>erily, and happi- 
nef'i, uhjch Irebnd cnjo>f u^kler his Majef- 
ty's aufpicioiis reign, and under our exceU 
lent Confliltition." 

His Excellency having retired, the Earl of 
Carhamptt.n moved an Addiel's to his Ma- 
jeftv, which, as ufiul, echoed the fpeech, 
and ofKred the thniiks of the Houfe for ccn- 
tinning the Earl of WcllmorUnd in the Go- 
vernment of ihi kiinrdimi. 

The D'Jnc of Luinller onptifed that part 
of the Adclicrs which thanked his Maielly 
for contmuiiiij t»»e t.iil of VVcflm'>r!and in 
the G()vcniio«nt of thii kingdom; a noble- 
man (his Grace I'u^ge^ed) who had obfti- 
iiJtely let h's f.ue a'^ainlt every mcafure pio- 
pofed for tlie .idva::t.i[;e of Ireland. 

The quellion on the Ad<!rci>i being puty it 
was carried t>y a m.ijority of 26. 

The motion was then refcned to a fele^ 
Comminee, to prepare an addrefs accord- 

insly. 

Lord De Montalt moved an AdJrcfs to tlio 
Lord Lieuten:!nt of tlianks for his S|>erctl 
from the Throne ; which was alfo carrieJ| 
aiii! committed. 

Tjt Hu;fell;pnad')uuruviloX\\ewfinS.^«<f* 



84 IntcUi^ence from Scotland. — Port and Country News. [JaOi 



SCOTLANU. 

M'^n^Uy morping, a<)Out two oVlock, a 
fire b.oke m.t m a b.ikcr's, at the head ot c'.x 
entiy to Jumm's CdUit, Lawiimarkcc, Edin- 
b rgb, which h;«d a veiy thr^Atenjug appear- 
ance ; but by timely cxcrtit>nf it was pre- 
vented from fpreading faither; which was 
exccedlnglv furtuuaie, as moft of the houfcs 
ill tlutt part of the ftreet arc of wood. Tlie 
L«)rd Frovott and Magiftrates auended, and 
llic city- guard, fii^men, engines, &c. were 
ready immediaieiy. "M;c damage is inconii- 
(lerablei and tiie premifes arc infured. There 
was a ware room full of turpt mine, &c. 
over the place where the fuc began, which 
if it had re.iched, every attempt to fave the 
whole tenement would liave proved iiiellec- 
tual. 

Port News. 
Dartmouth^ Jan, 23. The Dutch VefTel 
that was funk at the mouth of this Port has 
been weighed and brought into the harbour^ 
where her cargo is taking out at low water. 
The weighing of this veffelisavery foitunate 
circumClance, as (he lay dirtfftly in the mid- 
ilie of the p.iTige into the Harbour. I he 
cargo of wheat fold for upwards of 3C0I. al- 
thou(*h it ha-{ bsen under water near a montli. 
A (hocking accident happened in letting up 
tlie wiench on buard one of the velfels ; a loit 
yia*i ctuglit by the leg, and carried round tlie 
axle ia lucli a manner that the bones came 
through hi> leg ; there are ilroi^g l>o|ies> 
however, of his recovery. 

I.ruf€s, JiiH. 15. Laft night about ten 
o'clock was driven afhore near Bexhill, in 
this county, in a very hard gale of wind, a 
brig in hallaii, with fix hand> on boaid. The 
moment fhc iliuck they hoiltcd i!ie boit our. 
After making a rope fa'.l to the b('ar, fhc foon 
drove afhore, uherc hapi>cned by accident 
io be fome Cuftom-Houfc Olliccrs watching 
for fmugglers ; they feized the boat ; and 
took the ro|>e and maile it fall on ibore ; 
the f.iiioi s made the other end fail in the fhip, 
and by that means they all got iafe toihure. 
The vclR-l went to pieces. 

About the fame hour, three mile^ diftant 
from the above bng, came alhore a Swediih 
big, laden with fiuit and u inc!>, Irom Ma- 
)ag:i, with feveti haiuib on hoard ; h.tving no 
aiiiitance, the Captain and three m^n ucre 
drowned, the (liip went to pieces, and the 
csigo is loll, except (we: :iy pieces of wine 
that tvere taken up by the counuy i^eupit liie 
next morning. 

Country Nkws. 
Nnt, If, Tiie new o i',.in, built by Mr. 
Grr<*':, ■«%;«*. onmcu in iMc catlicviial chuich 
of Acsdf-.;'/-. fbdcn's le Dtmi w.iB the ap- 
pointed morniiijT fcrvue \ an anthem ^Iclect- 
cd h'om the Plaim-), the conipofiiKMi ni Mr. 
JRji/jk'-. u.i\ )r'i^ ;>rev:ou'^ to *he Lit my. A 
frnm^oit on tlw iKC^diun was pi'GMhcd by ti:e 



Rev. Dr. D;impier, the dean« from ffalm 
xcviii. 5, ** Praii'e tlie Lord upon the harp; 
fing to the harp with a pfalm of thankfgiv- 
ing." The wlu)le of the text formed a duet 
in the anthem, and the lad tentence of it* 
contains the motto of the organ. In the fiift 
part of his difconrfe he proved the neoeffitf 
of an eftabljfbed form of worfhip ; and tht 
fccond part, after paying a fuitable compli? 
ment to the powers of mufick., and quotiof 
authority for its antiquity in divine worfhipy 
he concluded with a fpiritnnl addref&ion the 
internal harmony of God's creation ; (hewing 
that virtue was liarmony, and vice difcord| 
in the moral world. The ciCe of the organ* 
defigned by the Rev. Mr. OUive, (bmu a 
fine piece of Cfothic archile6lure j and the 
mufical part certainly does great credit to tl4 
well-known abilities of Mr Green. 

Birm-Hgbam^ Jam. 12. As a young womaii 
was endeavouring to reach fomething over 
the fure-place ii\ a houfe in New-ftreet, \t^ 
this town, the fire unfcNtuiiatciy caught her 
gown, and ihe was almott inftantly in 
fiames, which a woman prefent with a child 
in her arms endeavoured in vain to extin-' 
guiih. The poor creatoi'e then ran into the 
Arect : but, t)K)Ugh a water-cart wai near 
the fpot, and the paffengers afforded every 
aHiilance, .ilmoft all her cloaths were bomc 
otf her boily, and (he was cf>nveyed to tho 
liofpital a mod dreadful fpe^acle, wliere fh0 
pow lies with but little hopes of recovery. 

DoMtlTIC OCCURRENCSI* 

FridLxYf Dec, 30. 

About five o'clock, two men went to the 
houfs of Mr. tisthel, in.Gun-laar, betweeq 
Stratford and f.owlnyton, and enquired whe« 
ther Mr. Be'Jicl was at home. Being in« 
formed tiiat he was out, the/ went away* 
About half at) hour .ifierwai ds, as Mr. Be- 
thel wa< turning into the lane i'rading to his 
f;irm, he was called to by .1 man, who faid 
he had juil been at his houfe, ;;:id wanted tq 
f|^ak with him on iMifinefs ; upon which he 
liop]>ed, when he was indantly feized by 
two villain*, who, after threatening to mur- 
der him if he made an) refiit;:nce, dragged 
him fmm h:.. itorfe, and rifled Ins pockets of 
thirty ^oioeas and fome filver, together with 
a family gilt watch in a (hai;reen-cafe. 
MonJay z. 

A melanc)i.>Iy accident happened in thQ 
paik of N. Scottone, Efq. of Chefham^ 
Pucks. As two boys, about twelve ye.irs of 
age, were left to f«>dder the deer in the ab- 
fenct: of :hd keei>er, fome words arofe, wheti 
one llru^k ihr? other with a fork, atid made 
a ptilh at him, and ran the tine five inches 
into his ear — the boy languilhed about tea 
day>, and then died, in the greateft agonies* 
to the gie^tt grief of two ki:id friends, who 
had .tdopted him :is their fun. A jury wa^ 
called, who fat about feven hours on the 
body, add broM^Xw. \a Wvftvt \w^v^-~W\\&aL 



^>tt^»C 



A 



1792] DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. 85 

Munler. Upon uhich the bojr wa; u>m- wa«: i;i-.-en ; hut tliei'e aitil.icioiis plunderci-s 

nirtui b> Aylfi'hury guU, lu Ukc liis trial had tlie ailJivt&to ei'\i|)e. 
BUt Mauh ailizes. Sutu^Ji^ 14. 

7hi5 d y Che Ntd'^^Ich mail was rohbed of This m'^iiiii!;, Ix:cv.«.e:i uiie and two n'* 

tu'u byre Kig;, iie.ir 'J'httfuid ; and :i few cl(n.k, tl.x^ |uiiUt:.!>' it).>m, in oiie ul'tlie iicmt 

Inurs after a nuui was apprehended near At- bmluiiigs ul.ich l>;td hi- w added to tlie I'ati' 

Cltboroughy with cim tuo bags unopened. tl'.€»ii, lo i-ni.^^e it fufhcicnily for tlve pei*- 

He was taken before a magiftr.ite, and com- fuiniancc it '^pcr.is, u;i.s tliico^ered to bs ua 



nutted to gaol for fnither examinailon. 

Early this morni ig a fire broke nut nt the 
Tiger's He:u1, at FrM^t;'cr<iy, in Kent, uhicli 
quickiy deAiuyed ic^ with two adjoining 
Ikoufes. 

This morning Mr liolman, of Covr-r it- 
Gar Jen Thratrc, ranj; for his fcrvnnt j .md 



fnc. HcNtre a v engines wvrc brnuijla to tho 
fp'^t, tJie Tiie h;icl f/it to inch a ncij^lit, that 
all attcinpi;. Co \.wv ine buildin;; were in vain. 
riic ri.iriut. ovviu.;to tliic u:cin;ry, ojI, \y\\'.\t^ 
and olhci' combnf^iMe matter in the houfey 
Were irenitiuious, aiid lo quick in pro;;icis9 
tli.it not a i: -^U- niticle could be faved. Ic 
Was even \\\i\\ ditliculty. that tiic family of 
Mr. Ktiujte, tin- c ieik of ti»c houfe, which 



no his not ap|M;.irin;7 to the litll, they tinirid «KCupK'd liic pai nu:! it; ndjiiitiin^ llie paiu- 

Che m;ui, ongoi^ig into Lii. iXNtnii dc.id in hiti ttr s room, r;')t on' iif the h'.mfc bcfoic \\vr 

bed. On fiirthf.r en;mi:nation, it np|x::iieil t:»td d<;:llri.:tiiiii ol nis fninicuic w:is corn* 

be h^d taken i 01 fun, asaphialw.th fome nh.ied. The fire ki.|t bMinin^wiiii gre^iC 

lemair-iirg in it waj found by hisK-dluk. (t tuiy for nlnuit icn Iukii.s, by which time, the 

feems the man Itad hcen infuiin^ for fome roof :.n«l paitof thu walls havm^ f:dlen-in, 

time paft in the hifh UXTeiy, .md h.:d v.ra- it was fo mus:ii UiKiucI, th.t all feus fortlio 

dually p.irted with every thing he h.u!, and f.ifjiy t)f the i^iMTonnliUi; lionfcr wcie quieted. 

imring nDthinc f'irthcr to lu/ard, thua 111 ^^ t.* nie h;(npy in (t.itin?, tint n<> lives were 

defpair at laLl^Mr//i ;i7.a life! loll, nor any pc:rron hviit during the whole 

J\yr.\Liv q, t.mc, L'lOU'^h the hut 1 v and coofnlioii, a:* may 

A young m.'^.n, n.:nic(l hi^nnyfctt, a native naUM.dSy l>c exix:ctA:d on fuch au occili in^ 

of Stone, in the Ille of Uxney» abojr zo ^'^ vuiy ;!;rt:ac. it w.is .1 fdiiunate tircu.ii- 

years of age, wa% (oi.iwl almoit froz'-ii to flanu;, tli.it the engi.ifs, ;iticr ihcy did ar<- 

clejih i.n :he (h.imhitd of L\intcr!>r.ry. He i>vc. had a plentiful hipply of w.ttirr, oiiier- 

was t<tken cu t!ie Udik-luiuU'., -md every wife ii woiiid have- bcfrn impoiiibic u> hive 

means lur his recovery were uicd without pre. cniud t!:t: fl.tmes from finvadur; dcv.iiij- 

fjcccfs. tio.i liii'if :,'Ji Lhat |)opu!ous neigiitviuiiiood. 

TtMirCLiv II. The hoiilt;, it le^n'.i;, w;i!> infurcd 10 ihe full 

At night as Capr. K. Kir.:.'.rmill was com- valu.-. oj nii.uly (<} il:> amount, I'o that lira 

Ji^trUoun, ontheenLianccinto ilond-llirct, lois wdl ;.ill upon the hifur..ticc-oi1i^i:>. 

hii driver v\as icmiiiiied by a nun on the I'l-w pL'if'>rm<:^iN, next t.i tiie i:>.iir.uice<- 

[lavement cif llie rtip|>Ct-y futtc of the llio't, olii«.r'.., will hrt the i^rf-itclt lurtcicr^: h>r 

ar.J iaiMfed to nimc: cautionfly. The \M)i\- they h.ivf put tiie)ifcU<v, ab ui'li.iI, to great 

boy jrtent';ii;» to the fii^^cftion, C.ipt. Kin:;!- ex.p. iiccs in prcpaiing Uv the leaU-n; m.my 

pidl Wu:> induced in o^uit hischaife <uid walk ; nf th'.T.i \v'.'ie obli^Cii l > ^'o tins ii;>on uredit, 

oMcrvji-; aloiiil, thac h/ thii me.nis he couid but :hcir f.tlariui ciidin;^ with liir: rxJtfiKc 

lUitic ette<f]tu illy j^u.ird the trunk hchiu'l. il'^ of thu !i>ii'.c, and huf.Mc .ii.v of incnt h.ul 

perceived tv^o or three m'*n, a]ip.'irciirly well their Ix nt.ni oigiLt^, ihu: h.r.c luiw no nutans 

(IrelT'd, diigr ligihe i.arrin^j tiic vvhule i\:;y ; of c::tiic.iting ihenifvlvub from LUeir diiii- 



but fi'^'ini iii» ilelerriV: led j-rjiauiit^n, noil.iiig 
was .litem p'.cd till Uf. ai lived at his door in 
tl'iv»iftii«-k.'rti<iet, \\\\en fto()j)n\'; to knock 
at the i!o«>r» and tur;iing inftuntly ir)ii;ii! a- 
gain, iie found h;s trunite -^ciK-y but wliith v^ ay 
fXi one coidd tell. 1 1. or a bcmg an alley a( rois 
the (Ircet, it fortunately (k cur red tti.>t it 



cutties. 

AIufU.iy 16. 
1 his day Kdward isu^n, ali:is Bro'vn, wlio 
wa^ c(inviCted m Deocmlier fodiun of iioi le- 
lleali'i<; ; and Wilji.iin Heiny WalltHirry, 
Maif^-nct Cie.uy, John Mciiiig, [oli i G >LU • 
iii^, Willi.MTi Wallace, Tiuun.is Wiliuius, 



might have been c nvt-yrtl o:r tI-.jI \\\,y to CJi;irles Smith, J;mics lian'ltiW, I tio:u.t<; 



iJ.e next ftand of coaclic-*. A f:-rvaii:, diT- 
paZched im the it <.:«. , feeing a cai^h dr.iv\ i..;; 
pp, enquired if it '.uiA no: :.ikcii inaliui.k.' 
1 he h(iy, ftandinj Witli the horlc.;,aiilwercd, 
tint the :hrcegent! ni .nthenin the coach h.id 
ju'.l put :a a trunk. On the feivant\<. open- 
ing t!e door lo icr/.v hi triaik, on«: t)f il.cJe 
gcntier.'.'.-n butted ou. . nd knocked him 
down; jecoveiii:;;, liO'.ve7er, liC ieized iii'i 
trunk agam ; wncn the two 01)1 t:> in ti e.r 
huny gut out on the utner fule, tlirou^h [.';•; 
ff^ wiiulun', T^ic cry of ** Hup tUmf \*' 



RrciVv.!, Djiiicl (jiifoy, WiHiitm j unt^s. a. id 
Cliailes S-.aion, Lonviilted ot Ijvc;-.*! otic iccs 
thi.- i-.dio:K icceivtd |-ul';;<-iii-nt <.r death \ ai 
were ordered lu be ti.uU;'orted I'cywnd the 
feas for icvcn years; 1310 be imprifon- 
cd in ^«ewf;.^tc i 7 m Clcikcnwell liiuse- 
wcll ; 1 3 Lo l>c |.uli|*.cl>i and 1 privately 
wIii}'|Hh! ; 2 juvi;.-/ iVi'.ni rvfpi[v.d until a tu- 
tuiu I'S.ii'H' ; and 14 «'iclivv.ied by piitciain.i- 
tiou. Tiie tri.i'i:, bem'^ ewvWA^ Ivic \«\\\uxA 
\veic .u'JDUViicd uiilil \\'wuuc»<iA>j V.Vwa \ij>i\ 
of rjhiiKiiy. 



£6 



DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. 



EM 



The foUowing moft daring nttempt was 
made to rob His Royal Highnefs ihe Prince 
of NVales, in the Drawing- room, at St James's. 
3Upon the entrance of )^s Royal Highnefs into 
the Drawing-room, he was fuddenly ob- 
ftm^ed by a gang of fellows, who, hy means 
of a drefs coat, had procured admittance. 
A gentleman of the Prince's retinue caution- 
,cd His Highncis to he oii his guard, as the 
characters of fome perfons near him feemed 
in he fufpicions. Not long after, the Prince 
licit a violent force pulling him fuddenly on 
one fide, and clapping liis liand upon his 
fwordy found that the guard, or bow, which 
contain^the principal diamonds, had been for- 
cibly broken off, and was hanging by fd (light 
a bold, th;it the fmalleft repetition of force 
. would have removed it. 

Friday to. 
In the evening, as a young lady, of Kew- 
gata»ftreet»wai fitting hf the fire, a coal fall 
iog off, caught her gown, which was nearly 
confumed before it could be extin^^iifheil, 
and l^r arms were burnt in a dreadful mannerr. 
Saturday 21. 
Tliis day between finir and five o'clock, 
rtie houfc of Mrs. Lloyd, on the Lower Ter- 
race, in the Lower-l^recty lilington, was 
broken into ; the invaders haJ gotten over 
the wall into the garden, ;in<l atie>rpred the 
main back diKir, which luckily w i*; fi<l<'ncd 
within by iron doors, and they were in cnn- 
fequence reduced to make their nn ry by 
taking out the window of the back i^itclicn ; 
but in breaking one i)f the bolts, a gentleman^ 
who lodged in the houfe, being awr.kcueil, 
left his bed and came down (tairs, and having 
a rattle in his hand, gave a twirl or twn. 
which alarming the depreilalors, tliey mide 
their efcape, leaving behind them their an- 
gres, crows, a dark lanihom, ttnder-lK>x, 
with matches and tinder, lie. ice. 
TuffJay 24. 
Airong the wonders of the pref<;nr day 
we muft record a bet of 500 guineas, faid 
to have been laid between a roval perfo- 
nage and a Mr. Bingham, that the latter's 
Iriih-Wred brown m.ire ibuuld leap over the 
wall of Ilyde-park, utar the gate g<iiug from 
Piccadilly, which ^all is 6| feet high on the 
infide, pnd 8 on the out. Mr. Bingham hav- 
ing fold his mare on Saturday to Mr. Jones, 
die bett of ooorfe became void ; Mr. Jones 
offered betts to any amount, that the mare 
fhould do it» but his ofters were not accepted. 
Mr. Bingham, to Ihcw the poflfibility of its 
being done, led to the fame place a beautiful 
bay horfc, his property, who performeil this 
landing leap twice, without any difficulty, 
except that, in returning, hi«: hind leet 
brufhed the bricks off the top of the wall. 
A^ tlic lieight from ^ hich he was to defcend 
into the road was fo conliderable, he was re- 
cervedon a large bed of Jong dung. Tlic 
Duke a York, Prince Wiiliam of Glouceftcr, 



Lord Derby, and a number of nobility joined 
the innumerable concourfe of impatient fpee* 
tators, who were nearly tired out beiore tte 
exhibition began. 

TburfJny 26. 

This morning a drummer belonging to the 
Coldflream regiment, being ordered to die 
barracks on the fouth fide of St. JamcsH 
Park, for punithment, cut his throat in a 
dreadful manner. He was immediately ooa- 
veyed to the regimental hofpital, withom 
hopes of furviv^:ig. 

Satwdtiy 28. 

This evenipig, a man gentecly drefled, 
with a cockade in his h:it, called a coocb in 
Hart-ftreet, Bloomlbury ; but the coaclinun 
liad no fooner mounted liis box, than he W0 
alarmed by the re;n)i t of apiftol. On open- 
ing the coach-door, he found the gentleman • 
fenfelefs and wc'.tei ing in blood. His ftire- 
head, where the bullet entered, was (bat- 
tered in a very fho.;king manner. He wai 
conveyed t;> Bhw.-uibuiy Workhoufe, wUh- 
out hopes of recovcr>*. 

TtiffJ.JV ?T. 

Shfcb oftU VoUti'.ii .-ilf.iir^ en the CwfimnUff 
Eui9[>e^ at the lhgin»iirf\^ 'rf the Tear 1792. 

There is, perhaps, no period in the annab 
of Kurope whe-) the political flate of afCiirs 
upiin the continent were apfit. ently more un« 
fertl^il than the prcfeiu ; nor in rCkility more 
/?"« V determined. Ever)* flate has chofen its 
I'ldc, :jnd every fide begins gradually to dif* 
ch^fe its chief objefts hy vyhich it is direAed. 

Tiie King of b.vcden, wlio atfedts X» tako 
the lead in all enterprizes wliere danger 
thiaatens, orglcKun is to beac(^uired, profit? 
injj Sy experience, lias bttguii his poliucal ca« 
reer on the preient occafion, by forming an 
a!linnce with Ruili?, and by endeavouringtQ 
cemcPft tlir.t alliaiKe by a farpily cqnnexioq 
that promlfcs a long contiiuLince of peace 
between the two nations. A daughter of 
Sweden wedv!ed to the Ivnperial Duke of 
llufTia, prefiimptiveheir to the Imperial 
dliidi^m, is not only highly flattering to hi^ 
MajeAy's ambiti^ni, but of the utmoft coq- 
fei|uence to the proje6ls he ha» in view fof ' 
the cmbarralTments of Fnncc, and tlie pre- 
fervation of Poland ; projc^, the eififidts of 
which are already become manifeft hf a 
treaty which has lately taken place between 
the Emperor of Germany and the Kiug ot 
PruiTia i a treaty equally extraoruiuary anj 
unexpected. ' 

By this treat)', the former arrangemenw 
concluded on at Pilnitz (fee vol. LXI. p. 
S61.), feem wholly to be done away, and 
the intercfts of the emigrants in a great mea- 
fure abandoned ; the caufe of the Germanic 
Princes placed u(K>n a new ttM>ting ; and, in- 
ftead of involving the continent in blood to 
prcfcrve their rights, negociations are to be 
fet on foot to eltim.4te tlie value of their re- 
fpe^lve claims, for which France is to makQ 
a )ult GompeulaUoiv. 



t79^*} SiV/i(i and Alarriagi$ 9f cwMtrahU Pirf§nit 



8; 



Vol. LXI. p« 1236. The firit of Mrs. Holt 
iind Ward was nut at herdsfire, bur much 
ipiuft her inclinitimi ; w<i5CiHnniciiccU»an«l 
cirrie«l oni hy hei mocher, vvhoyhy in.iteinal 
eoercion, poliefliBcl liert'eU of tiutfe proofs by 
whidi a vci'ilicl i^as «ihUiineJ. For the fface 
of 6t years ihe w is iiev.r hr.inl to mention 
the name nf JTmrJ. if the lumu appeaitul 
neceilar>'y (he iifci] a cii cuml >cutory exprcf- 
fion, and feiluluufly avoided the ufu of Uiat 
merour.ible mouofyll.ible. If a t!uity years 
knowledge «>f a p-jifon will w:uraiu the ex- 
preiVitrti, (Itf w.is never kn-iwn to prop<tg<ite 
fcafuL<lf or iiiicr aii ilUihUnred refle^tujo. 
Irrep. u.icluhlc hcril'lf, (he always ci'pouicd 
the goud-iuturcd fide of th'j quctlion ; tti fiy 
thU of a rpinfter \\ lio h:id p.slled the grand 
Am lAgn.-k i; qq mcjn praiTe. 

BlkTHS. 

179 1. 'THIiK LiiCy of the Landj^ravc of 
ZX'f. 8. 1 iic(fe I>.innil:iLlc, it priiiue; wh<i 
was baptifed by tlie nainc:i of rerdiiiand- 
G aft avii£- William- FieJerick. 

LauIw at htfr Imufe at Bath, tlie Hon. Mi ». 
Cecj'.:;e Tetre, a fun. 

1792. Juf. . .\ At Ins fc.ic, Woodley, ncjr 
ing, Mrs. AdJin^toi:, the L^uly uf the 
Speaker of the Houle nf Common*:, a d nigh. 

3. Mrs. Henr)' Jrtckfin, of rencli.irch- 
firtec, a daug!iter. 

3. In Bedfi}rd-rqu:tre> the Lady of Dr. 
KichoUf, a dau^'.iter. 

4. At Arttin, co. Huntin;;i(on, I^y Srraili- 
areOf a foii and h?ir. 

6. The Lady of 1 homas liooihhy Pai kyns, 
ef^j. M. p. for l.eic .ft'jr. a djuglucr. 

M/s. Shirley, of Uulics-ltrcc:, CavenJiih- 
fqaarey a d.iU<'.i.:er. 

9. At thsir h.iufe, without Bootlum bar, 
York, tlie Lady of i*' obert Dcnnifon, efti. of 
KiUlwick-Pw'ibVy a fon .ind heir. 

In Lirex-Ilieet, L.idy Ann. Pl.Ke, a fun. 

10. Mrs. M'Le.i:;, of CA\, a d.iut^hter. 

11. At liik Lordihip'» hiiufti in H^i'o\er^ 
fqnareythe CountefN of hilifboiough, a um, 

12. In Park-ilrcet, Crofveuor-ii[iui-e| 
Mrs. Henry Peters, a fon. 

14. Mrs. Dallas, of Great Rurfei-llreeti 
Iloiimfliury, a dau{;I;ter. 

Mn. Beat fon, of tCilrir, a daughter. 

17. At his Loidlhip's hotel on t lie Boule- 
vards, at Panx, the Comiicr^ of Ciujiuhinde- 
ley) a fon and heir. 

21. The Latly of Ceo. Ram fay, efc]. jnn. of 
Bamton, banker in hdinburi;h, ad:ui;^liier. 

24. The Lady of Willuun KLaauw, 014. of 
Hauover-iquare, a daiir/itcr. 

Makriaoes. 

LATEI-Y, the Right Hon. Rob. Hobart, 
efq. principal iccrctary to the Lord- 
lieuteiiant oif Ireland, Co Mrs. AJdcilcy, re- 
lict of Tho. A. efii. many ye;us M.P. tor the 
boiough of Cli)gh:iakdty. 

la hvAA'm, Sui/aw'eJ Cramp, efq. to Mifs 



efq. M. P. for the bonmgh of Clo(;hnakilty. 

At K.dlinacoiiriy, 111 Ireland (ilicr feat of 
the Hun. Jolm MalCey) H. C GmnMcncHi, 
ef<|. capi.iin in tlie 1 3th regiment of dr.igoon% 
to the Hon. Mifs Sarah Mat fey, yoiingeft 
daughter of the late, and fifter of the prefenC 
Lord M.— >Alfo, tlie Hon. Geor;;e Maiicy, 
third fun of the late I^)rd M. to Mifs Elis. 
Scanlan, daugWC;:r of Michael S.efq. of BaflU 
nana, co. Limerick. 

Cha. Wilmot, efq. of Mile-end old town, 
to Mrs. Hardy, reliil^l of Ridiard ii. eC^. of 
Twyning, co. Glouceiler. 

7(j.i. I . Bv f|)ecial licence, at the E:irl of 
Sexton'. ,in Hill-ftreet, BerKeley-fi|uare, Lord 
Vii'c 'unc Miilineux,tothe Hon. .MtfkCraveOf 
fccond din;;htcr of the Lite Lord C. 

Mr. Ldw. Kvereit, of Alhur;l, Kent, &» 
Mifs Lhz. Wclfcar, of Ealt Peckliam. 

2. Capi. riiomas, of the 411! regitiienty tn 
V.ifs N. ScniiN', feciMid daughter of the late 
A. \W. S.efq. Mi Camion-hiil-lioufe, Berks. 

At Lee4U, Aitliington Kawlh)iiie, efq. tu 
Mifs Mary-Juii.uia LaftUnd, fe- mid daugh- 
ter of the late Kdw. £. eU|. nf Lincoln. 

At Kenfii^toii, J(»lm Riclitniton, efq. of 
the army, to Mits A. me Kitiret HxpiciiiSy 
of Hackney. 

Hy fl^ecial licence, Vicc.aJnura! Hotham, 
to Mil's Lc Claf^, daughter of Kdw. Le C, 
efq. extra -conimiiluNicr of ihc navy. 

3. At Berwick St. John, \S il[-, Gcor^e- 
Frvdcrick i\vve<i, efq. of tlu: royal navy, and 
of LUled, CO. Suney, to Mif-. C;iLli«riiu:-Kli- 
zabelh Anuidel, youngr:ll d.ui{>;hier of Ilio 
Hon. James Evciard A. of Aihci>int>e, V/ilis^ 
and uiuk lo ;he prrfcnt Lttrd Ai iiiid«^l. 

Mr. Sam. Prilcliard, halMn:iker,o( Tooley* 
flrecL, to Mils North, uf W.dwoilh. 

4. At Oxforii, Rev. [()('. VVtirj'Hn, B. A. of 
Exeter College, fon of the late uelettratol Dr. 
\V. to Miis Hartland,cUloft daughter of Cajic. 
John H. of the Roy.d Invalids, and t«>w a- ad- 
jutant of Berwick u|>on i weed. 

At Stoke Golding, co. Leicellery Mr. Sut- 
ton, attorney, of Llanchychan, co. Denbigh, 
to Mifs Holland, of Stoke Golding. 

5. At Lichfield, Rev. Rich. Bucket idge, 
M. A. pi ieft- vicar of tlie cathedral, ])erpeciLil 
curate of Edingale, co. Stafford, aud rector of 
Bcighton, Norfolk, to Mifs Wri:*lit, eldeft 
daughter of the lace VVm. W. . gent, and 
grand-daughter to our valuable and worth/ 
correfpondent Mr. Greene, collector and 
proprietor of tlieJLichtield mufeum. 

At Hradheld St. George, Sultolk, Rev. 
Arthur Iredell, lo MifsShrubb, only daugli- 
ter of th : l.uc JaniCb S. et'q. of Guildford. 

Mr. Bmokc, aicoriicy, lo Mifs Langley, of 
Clianccry-lanc. 

C. Riclurd Hughes, efi|. b.irrifler, of Lin- 
coIaVinn, to Mifb Renuiar.t,only daughter f>f 
the late Mr. R. timber-mercliant, ot 51. Giles 
ill tlie Fields. 

At Chatliam, Ca\>t. jAmttsV>e\V\t<<],c^ \^<^ 

m.uincs, to Mil's T^^Vwul, Vcci\\\^ s\AW^\\.eiC vA 

Joiui i\ c(^. ol StaiAtt-w^Vk«.}K^iuU 

1. ^iL 



88 



AfarriagfS and Deaths of con/tderabk Pfrfins* 



fjan. 



7. At Clameffy co. Worcefter, William 
IkTCIary, efq. licHienant-rolnncl in ihe fcr- 
▼ice of the Eaft india Company, ro Mifs 
Ceokcs, of Bourfooume-houfe^iiear Worcefter. 

At TichbomCi Hants, Francis Shelilon.ciq. 
of Wycliffe, CO. York, to Mifb Pl^wilen, a 
flaughter of the late Edmumi P.eiq. of Ptow- 
den, ca SMop. 

Mr. R«»hci:t H. Day, oil meixh.mt, of 
Ei-ook's-whi'ff, to Mifs Eliz. Kinder Ci-cw, 
of Filh-flreet-htU. 

Hon. Wra. Hay<!, brother to the Earl of 
EiTol, to Mif^ Jane Hfll, fetontt d.nig'i'cr of 
Che late Mnttliew R. efq. colonel of the 
Korthnmberl.-imI militia. 

9. At Cotefmore, m Rutlandihire, hy {[>f 
cial licence, Rol>. Hermi, dq. of Chllhnm- 
cHlle, Kent, to Emelia, daughter of Sir Ho- 
race Mann, hart. 

At Ciimbcrmere-ahl)cy. in Ch<*niire, Lord 
Vifcoimi Kilmorey, to MifsCott 'ii, d.in«fiter 
of Sir Rob. Sahifbnry C. of Berkelcy-fiuwre 
and Cumbermere, and M.P. for that county. 

At Stone, Richird Topp.efq. lltnlennnt in 
the 14th rtg. of foot, to Mif^ Wynn, da\i:.^h. 
of B. L. W. efq. of Conglcton, \u Chelhire. 

Mr. John White, bookicller, to Mifs Fran- 
ces fiarker, both of Holborn. 

10. At Tooting, Suney, Henry Timfon, 
tfq. to Mifs PIuml>e. 

Sir Frederick Eden, bart. to Mifs Smith, (vf 
Bond ftreet. 

I f . At Eaft Relfonl, co. Linro'n,thc Rev. 
B.JJrown, vicar of Weft Markh -.m, to Mifs 
Colton, dau. of Mr. J. C of the fame place. 

\T^, AtWanftead, Ell'cx, James Coggan, 
efq. to MifsHebden. 

At Gioucefteri Rev. Char. Pierce, of Brif- 
tol, to MifsCath. Bowling, of Pembroke. 

At Paris, James Crauford, efq. of Rotter- 
dam, to Mifs Mary Campbell, fccornl daugh- 
ter of the late Archibald C. ef<i. coUe<itor of 
the cnftoms at PreAon^pans. 

14. At Upminftor.co. ElTex, Peter Efdaile, 
efti. to Mifs Frances Humflreys, daugliter of 
late Wm. H. efq. of Llwyn, co. Montgomery. 

I f>. Wm. Deathe, efq. to Mifs S jnih Jones, 
both of Bilhop.Stortfonl. 

Wm. Reader, efc|. ofthc Middle Temple, to 
Mrs, Morgan, of Mi'man-ftr. Bedford-n)w. 

i8. At Canterbury, Geo. Gipp<, cf«j. M.P. 
for tliat city, to Mifs Lawrence, d;uighter of 
the late Dr. L. 

19. Mr. Sam. Warmington, of Birming- 
ham, to Mifs Willrsjof Rermont'fey-ftrrct. 

21* Rich. W.il|H)lc, efq. eldeA fun of t!.e 
Hon. Rich. W. to Mifs Eliza Hammct, dan. 
of Sir Benj. Hammet, alderman, and M.P. 

James Chapman, jun. efq of St. P.4iii's, 
Cray-hill, Kent, lo Mil's Grcenw(K>d,of Jsew 
Hoi folk- ftrcel, Grofvenor-iq»are. 

At riymoiHh, Mr. John Balkenille,of the 
cnftoms, to Mifs Harris, of li^at town. 

24. At Budworth, in Chelhin', Cha. Lei- 
cefler,'eCq. hrotlier of Sir John Fleming L. 
A?/r. of Tubley, to Mifi M.iry Egerton, fecond 
<i3M. of Che iat9 Sir Philip £. of Paion-part. 



15. Mr. Collet, of Cix:krpor<^reet^ to 
Mifs Eckley, of Hnmmerfmith. 

26. At Ipfwich, the Rev. Mr. Ellicott, of 
Hollingbur}', Elfex, to Mils Frances Turner, 
yoti. dau of N 'th. T. cft|. of Stoke-liall, Suff. 

Mr. W. Smith, of Oxford-Areet, to Mifs 
Smith, only dauc;h of A. B. efq. of Pimlico. 

27. Geo. Fhulyer, efq. M.P. for Chippen- 
ham, to Lady Trave, fifterof the Lord* 

lieutenant of Ireland. 



Dk ^THS. 



1701. A T ?-1h«T. Surrey, Mrf.WrigJif, 
J''**" 7- JlV. w'^® of Mr. W. banker, in 
L'^mlwnt-ftiect. 

A'c'. 10). At Grenada, Duncan Forbe<| efq. 

Drc. ... At H. Hull's, efq. at Manadon, 
in Povoiifliirc, wheie fhe came to i>afe the' 
holid.tys, Mrs. Niolis, wife of Rev. Mr. N. 

Ai hisl<idginr>- mC imdcnftrcet, Iflington, 
a few days .ifr«T hif bnithtn- Robert, u iKxiied 
Nov. 17, the [Irv. Mr. Wm. Norris, F.AJ5. 
and fccretary to the Society from 1759 to 
1790, uhrn hi infirmities made it neoefliary 
to lePgii th.it pbce, and he retired on his fa- 
lat y. He was elected .i fellow of the Sodctf 
on Api il 4, 1 7 :;4 ; nlTocinte fecretary to Mr. 
Jc»f*?ph Amts the fame year; and, on Mt 
death, 175'), fr'le fccretary. Mr. N. had hid 
feveml flight ill okcs of the palfy, and was 
found de.Hl in Ins bed one morning, after 
hiiving been cnifined to it .ibout a week. He 
was inteired in the buiy.ng-gniand of PeO" 
tonvillc chapel. 

23. At Cologne, aged 71, the Dowafer 
Bourgrave of Kirchberg, bom Rhingnve 
of Salm. 

/ afrfy, near Lagny, in the Ffle of Fmncc, 
M. Pcguigfii, av!th()i of one of the bcft.com* 
pofiiion> in the French l;*ngu.igc, in coinme- 
mnrntioii of the zeal and labour of the fa- 
mous Francis Xavier, who was callcfd **\Jtw 
Ap)(tte of ihc Indians,** on account of his 
dithifin;^ iheknowlfd,".^ .ind profci'ionof !ne 
Popilh leligitin through pans of the Onet:Cal 
dominions. 

At Philadelphia, Wm. Bradford, efq. au- 
thor, printer, .ind foldscr. During the Ame- 
rican war Ik: wioie, printed, and fm»rht for 
his cnMi.try. Both his f*4iher and grnnJfaihcr 
had been printers. His rank in the armf 
n'?s that of colonel. Dr. Franklin fiiit of 
liim, that hi- writing was fpinied, his preft 
correal, and his fword active. 

"Near Tu;im, in Irclaod, in his 1 17th year^ 
ThomaiWims. He fougiit at the fiege of 
Lont'oiiderry in 1701. 

Ai L'd;nhiirgh, Lady Jane Gordon, aunt to 
the Dirke of Goidou. 

At (jpiinby-hcture. Hi iftnl Hotwells, in an 
advanced age, Joliu Hale, efq. of Chudleighs 
a rear-admiral in the loyal na\'y. 

At Plymouth, aged 98, Mr. John Pearcey 
the oldeft member of that corporation.. 

At Portf month, Mrs. Brady, widow of 

Mr. B. o( G^icQir&)-V»o^^, 9Si^V vcMltlifer of 

Lady Cui\is* 



I& 



1792*1 OhltuATyfcwnfidiralU Perfons\ with BiograpHcai Anecdotei, 89 

At PortTmouth, LieuL Henry Gott. Utt of ney, who, from the multitude of cat^ alVeni- 

tli« 54th regimeDC of foot, and eldeft fon of blcii under his h>>rpitaMtf ro<)f, acquirc^l the 

Sir Henry- Thomas G. of NewUind, Bucks. name of Cut Norrh. The attHchment of the 

Ac the fame place, Mr^ Snr)ok, wife of Mahometans to cats is well kjiown. " A- 

Mr. S. an eminent b;>ker in Quecn-ftreet, midft tlicir dirrcp.rnd to the hum..n fpAcies iii 

and a very refpeflable inhabitant. tlieir hofpitals-, Mr. Howard found an ufjyiwH 

At Reniflaw, co. Derby, Mn. Br^Sffhaw, for (Ixt:*' At!vin's Life of H<»w3rd, p. 159. 

relift of Rich. B. efq. of Oaks, in the lame See alfo, In Pic:u-:'£ '* n.eli:^-(>u<» O;remonics," 

county; a lady whofe real goo.)nefs and V 11. 9?, a portr^iii of h:i Alhanian cat-feeder. 
great benevolence gained her the ref|>eAanJ *Jiin. 1. Sincerely lamenteil among a larr.e 

efteem of all who knew htir. crcleof acqu.ii:i!aiirp, Mr. Peter Gregory^ 

Mrs. Pitt, fifter of tlie late Mr. P. one of attorney a hm-, of Whitchurch, ro, Salop.-^ 

the atdermeii of Tewkelhury, co. Gloucef- He ever fcdnloutly attended tlie tl':tieb' of his 

ler. She furvived her brother but a few profctlion; but lias Icf: his aflviii-t too much 

dayi, and died inconfolabie f<ir the lofsof her involved by the ill-advifed practice of taking 

rebtiwi with whom flie liad lived 40 years, his clients* money to put out to intereft on 

At Bicker, co. Lincoln, in his 86th ye.-tr, imajin^uy bondb, whicti can only be fettled 

Boijamin Bam^iird. He h;Hl been parilh- by the Court of Chancer)', before whom the 

derk of that place 70 years, and fexton cafe now is. Fortunately, his aged fattier has 

nearly as long ; in the courfe of which time Ihewn himfelf his heft feeurity, having, on a 

b* had buried five generations^ When in former occafion, advanced 8000I. 
the centre (jf life, his voice and qualification^ At his feat on Turuham-green, Edward 

as a clerk were fcarcely to be equalled. He Bifshop, efq. one of the a>mmiirioners of the 

had languiibed fome time, from a paralytic Salt-office, an agent for the army, and uncle 

firoke ; and, by his own defire^ was buried to Sir Cecil B. He lately married tlie daugh- 

in his father's grave. ter of Mr. Atkinfon, of Pall-mall ; by whom 

Mr. Tookey, of Cottin^hnm, co. North- he has left a fon to inherit his large fortune. 

■npton, foiroerly game-keeper to Lord Mr. B. was the fon of the laft Sir Cecil B. 

Soridef. He was accidentally fhot in the leg His family has, for one or two generations, 

about a fortnight ago, which produced a enjoyed fome dilliniHicm in the upjier cir- 

locked jaw, and ended in his death. Sotne cles, which has been not a little iiicreafed, in 

years ago, wlien he was keeper,and on duty» the prefent day, hy the honourable and fuc« 

be wtf Iboi by fome unknown poacher, his cefsful connexions made by tlie ladies of it in 

Boder jaw-bone broke to pieces, and be was marriage. He had four fillers ; of whom 

left for dead, bat recovered. one marrying, firfl, the late Sir Cliai'les Cope, 

At Strickland, co. Dorfet, after a long ill- became the mother of the prefent Duchefs of 

■ifsy MiS. SteplieuF, reli^of Rev. Thomas Dorfet, and of Lady Strathaven, and is now 

Highmore S. M.A. late reflor of Melcombe the lady of Lord Hawkefbury. A fccond 

Bingham, co. Dorfer, fon of Tho. S. reclur of married Sir George W.uTen. A tiiird was 

Pimpeme, and jruil mv to Mrs. Huicliins, re> married, fird. to the late ■ Dummer, efq. 

liA cif the Nillnrian of DorfeL who has left her his immem'e we:dth ; and^ 

At her Xw^w'f. in Bedford- row, Mrs. Fdrd, fecondly, to Mr. Dance, an emincEU painter, 

of Wrvxh-^ni- green, Bucks, relict of that re- Aiuie, a fourth daughter, married the Hon. 

fpeAihle Liw charadler, fohn Ford, efq. of Robert Brudenell, brother of the Lite Duke 

L':nciiln*s-irin, and filter of Wilbraliam of Montague, and of tlie prefent Earls of 

Bootle, efq. Aylelbury and Cirdigan. This lady is now 

In Soiith.imptnn row, Bloonr.fbury, Mrs. one of the bed-chamber- women to her Ma- 

Creggi a finale lady, between 50 and 6o i«Qy ; 'and her iVn Kobuit is tite t^enilcm.tn 

yeirs of m<;c, remarkable fi)r her ! ei^evolence who, upon tlie death of ti-.e tatter Earl with- 

lif c.tlk, no fewer liKin '60 l^ciiis entertained out m:tle illue, will fuccecd to his title and 

under her hofpitahis irof ;:t Hie tnne of tier ample cftate;. Tikus h<uiourably was Mr. 

dK<fafe« at an allowMiiceof neitr a guinea per Bifshop;) coraief^ctt, by his liAcr , with fome 

week, blie was in affluent circumftances ; of the fiill f;imi!ic: < f tlie modern )x;cr.i;c ; 

au'i fm the death c;f a filter, a (hort time ago, and tii:^ own -.vealiti CinnrmcJ ti.e i-.i::rjijiic- 

rtceiring an adclirion to her income, (he let tion whicli ihvir connexions f^ave to the 

up tier coach, and went out almol\ eveiy yonr};;t;r fon of p. Baronet. Hi? pr'.>r>erty has 

day, airing, tn.! fuRei-ed no malc-fervant 10 indicJ, fir.ce Iii<: u'.ccaic, appc?red to Ik fo 

lleep in lier lionl'e. Her maids being fre- great, th.-.t ionic fpc: nine ion h-^K^cninduli'.cd 

queutly tired of their attendance on fuch a as to his means of (/.itaiiiirif^ ,t. (i.ir:i.i.^<;, tMc 

fumercms houfehold, fhe was reduced at i:i£l uOaal icf'.u.ire, wh^(i;.vei thrro is*! r..ht upj'i 

to take abbck woman to attend upon and foct'i iu.ijecl:*, lias Iv.-e:! vr^rv uniitv.r:'il..nly rc- 

leeil them. ferreu to upon ''ms. Mr. H. was tor n:a:-iy 

This is a fecond inftance, in our r«col!ec- yrjr', a p.jrinti in li? arnv.-arei.cy l.urinM., 

tion, of an extraordinary attention to ilic fc- cn'crty C'.!.i«l;i;tc'.'. ty Mr. isr'vnrnci ; a:i<. '-i-.c 

Lne race among in. The octier was .! pci !ou e.^fi: of i!'.:-.t ViKV .■\ »■.">': :••.;.■ v.r .«^u'\^ ^o^ 

•fjBf/j^«rt»c^r/ie/7.7.7?c»a/"*Vr;/T<A .,: Hack- wiM'.-'Vct v i,i-'.i. \ .^. ■..i.. \".» a '. .-^V'- • '^ 
GzstT, Mac. y-yjiu-j, I "^j. •. •.« 

12 



90 Obituary of con/tdirablePerf(Mti\ with BiograpiUalj/mcAus, 



have aieil worth i so,oool. Fnr many years 
previous to his mai ria::e with Mifs Aikiufon, 
his companion was a Mrs. Smith, hv whom 
he Mis left two daun;hicrs, ami one fon, the 
refiituary leg.Uee of ;»U his projMfriy ; which 
is thiuj ilifpofeil of : his wiilow has lool. ;i- 
yejr for l.fc j his ilaii^hieri luve 2000I. each ; 
Mrs Smith has an annuity of col. in adiiiiion 
to the zrol. a-yc;»r IcrtleU on Ijer when he 
manietl Mifs A.; his fon, after p.iyjng lomt 
. triHing legacies, has the whole of the j;reat 
remnindcr. — This ariicle can fcarcely l>c 
condudeil witlioui fome'exprclTwn of rrgiet 
as to tiie allotment of Mrs. B. a lady iif much 
elegant .iccomplifhnient, whom the highcU 
circl« ha«l received with eileem, and whofe 
afh;5^iiiM»te ciindu^t to her luifband had err- 
tainly entitled her to expcv^ fiojp him the 
means of continuing an intcicourle withthofe 
to whom his we.dth had intiodoccd her. 

At Mile-end preen, in his 47th ye.ir, Col. 
Wm. Turner, of H<>ft(»n, in New Kngland. 

At Btilliil, thr UTMherof the unfortunate 
Chatlerton. She Ins left a d.tcj^htcr, Mrs. 
Kcwton, uho lives in Pe''.(.lit:c-fti. Hrillnl. 
At his l.ouie in Lrcn'furd, ijrc.itly regret- 
. ted Viy his congre^j.ition, the Rev. Matthew 
Lr.iJlii.iv,-, m..ny y^-u'- n^inilV-r <jf the dif- 
fcntinj; cl ;iptl in lli.it Uiwu. He wa^ lud- 
drnly li.-izjd, on the 2 jd of December IaH, 
with an ap(»plexy and paialylV^, and remain- 
ed till l.\i, dc.vji, dc{rivcd ot ;ili motion, and 
neatly of ;'ll Icnfe. 

At his Uh'iiipr.. in Jermyn-ftrcet, in his 
- 70th ye.tr, Mjijin H.iggs, well known and 
)oug diflinguilh«rd on the turf, and in the an- 
ii.d' of gaming. Hib dea'.h was occafioned hy 
n cold that he caugi t in the round-houfe, 
■ wh«i be .ind many othep-. were Gtrried ihi- 
ther by jirfticc Hyde, from the," aming table . 
in St. Jam«'s-ftreet. — When Majv^r B. hrft 
obtained acompaii/, he had tlie Utc unfoita- 
n-iie Gvorge- Robe: t Fitzgerald for hib lieu- 
tenant; at>d then began a friendfhi]) between 
tiicm whicJi, after a continuance of many 
years, endi-d in a duel* As foon :is he had 
j^iii the nink of M:'jor, he retired upon half- 
pay, and ever af'er dcvoicd lunife'it ciUiiely 
to deep play, wh.ch lu: pui fued wiCii an ea- 
gel'Ilef^ and perfcvcrance beyond example. 
When fo ill as to be unable to get frum his 
cJiair, he has been brouglit to the luzaid- 
table, where he h:is fee:ned luddtnly to re- 
vive at the rattling of the dice He once won 
1 7,0- ol. at hazard, by tliowin^ on (a* it is 
called) fourtccu fuccelfive mains. He w ent 
to the Kail Indies in the year i^Sj, un a 
R:«ming (peculation ; but not finduis it an- 
fwcr, he returned horr.p over land. At 
Grand Cairo he narrowly t(ca|)cd being put 
to dc.ii!i, by rctrea'.ing in a 1 luki fn dicis 10 
Smyrna. A companion (»f his uas fcizcd, 
and fent piifoner to CoudMntinople, where 
hk'. was at length rcleafcd by clui irj«rfcri-ence 
4 f Sn- Robert Ainflie, the Fnghfti amtuilla- 
I'or. He won 60c: 1. of Mr. O-^ fonic years 
t^u .7: i'jj;i, at:u JiXinicJiz:ciy came Coi^'ii^l.ttid 



to ^tt the money from Lord O— , 1 

of the young man. Teims of aco 

tion were propofed by his LonKhip 

fence of Mr. D — the banker, wboC 

ability and confequence aro well 

Lord O — ofiereii him a tlioufand 

and a note for tiid remaiDder at 1 d 

riod. Baggs wanted the whole to 

down. Sfime altercatioa enfued. 

then obferved, tliat he thought his 

had offered very handfomc terms. ' 

faid Haggs in a i>aliion, **hold your 

the laws of Commerce you may be : 

ed with, but the laws of Honour 

know nothing about." When h 

Fitzgerald he was wounded in the 

fell, but when down returned Uie fij 

A ruck the knee of liis antagouift, a 

him lame ever after. He never co 

of Fitzgerald's luiliappy tate withm 

delight, and ** grinning h(NTibly s 

fmile." He is fuppofed- to have uttc 

ed by play forty perfons. At one cir 

he was woj th more than too,oooL 

fought eleven duels; and wis allow 

very fKilful with the fword. He w 

of a determinad mind, great penetra 

confideiable literature; and when 

out of the cafe, could be an agree 

inAru<ftive companion. He was vei 

iious to i^cojile whom he liked ; and 

K.Hval Lord, higlUy refpcwled, when 

a diilreHed htuation at Paris, fome y> 

found a never-faihng refource in the 

the Major. He lived at Paris fever 

in the greatefl fplendour. His coui 

wai. teriible^ though his appearance a 

ners were gentleman-like. While 

at Avignon he frequently gave fplen 

pers to the Duke and Duchefs of Cum 

and ihcir friends. He went to Napl 

time they did, and got iutroducec' 

King's private parties, of whom he : 

liave won 15C0I. 

Whilfl fitting in his chair at dinnei 
ing the hope of incctcdint; happy yeai 
fuJdenly under tiie weight of upwar 
antecedent or ses, George Morewoixl, 
Alfieton-hall, co. Derby. He mamc 

daughter of Goodwin, efq. of fi 

but left no ilfiie. He was the foa 
land M. cfq. remarkable for being I 
gentleman in that pait of the countiy 
tempted to fhoot flying, and ;Ufo fur Y 
nefs of planting oak-trees ; which p^ 
ing inherited by his fon, he faw man 
fands rife into Hiaiiy groves :uid flui 
bcr, uh'tch, added to rich veins of ci 
creafcd a moderate foitune to a ver 
dcrableone, the principal paitof wl 
lus left to his widow. With a coiii 
by no means (Irong, and a diflike 
ly alViHaoce from the faculty (00 
by having oice been prevaded on tf 
medicine which did not :igrec with J 
ll;taii<Mk), bv le^vuav Uviug; and goo 
ale Uc (pua g^& Um& \\v\ciyi «A \\2l« \ 



'79^' J OhUuaryfc^nJidirahU Fir [mi ; whh Biographical Amcdoits. gl 

'OaeoL H« fenred the office of high Iheritf Rev. Mr. Holmes, of Wel\nvcr-lo«tge, in tbc 



of die county in T762. 

ft. In Charlocic-ftreet, Beilford-riiuare, 
Sanaoel Wilfoiu efq. 

Ac her hcAife in Scr.itrr.ril-pl.icr, nfcer fi>f- 
fertng a fevcre long ilhiers, uhicli ilic hm-e 
with great refic^.ttioii, the ()owac;er- \ if- 
coomefs Gahvriy. Her i^aJylhip vt-^s tin: 

daughter of Villa Real, efq. of York- 

ihireand Nottinghnmihire; oml was nunicd 
to Will htm frciind Vifcoimc Galway, 1747, 
tiy ivlium Ihe iuul three (bus (no^ deail), 
Robert, the prefent V'ifcount (to whom her 
- joiotore of i scol. a-yeai* devolves), and two 
danghcerv, Elizabeth, married, 1775, ^o Sir 
F. Syiu:5, but. and Ciurlocie, married, 1704, 
to A. B. Bumet| efq. 

Ac his feat ac Maiden Br.-ulley, Wilts, nged 
84, Che MoA Noble £ilw.ud D^:ke of bo. 
raerfec, Riron Seymour, a IwoitOC, and one 
of his Majefty'^ mod lumourahle privy ^oun- 
ciL He fiicceeded his father in 1757. |>y. 
ing wklionc ifi'ue,l(ti i^ fiicceeded in titles and 
cAaceby his next hrollier, L(ud Webb Scy- 
oanur, of Farley- houic, co. SotnmTet. 

At Clieihnnt, Herts, of a fchinous hver, 
Mr. Wm. Djvenpori, cldeJt fun u\ the lac^; 
Rtv. J«>lui l>. fi^rmcily vicar of S: NithiJ.i?, 
in the borough of Lei-jcder. He u .:& hrcd a 
printer, umler the patronai^c of Dr. JoliMfoii, 
ViVjD put him apprentice to (he late Wi '• m 
Strahan, elq. About rixte<:n mtintJii :i;:t) lie 
0ood candid;le for, and i>ht.nucii, the lc?acy 
«f 3cl. a>ear, bequeathed by ilic httc Mr. 
fiowyer^ m iiult, tu the Madci, Wait;.^i.i., 
^d Court of AKilLinls of tlte b[a:i:>ner^ 
CompRny, to be by them paid to the compo- 
iitor bell Ikillcil in the Grctk hi' s^««sc. 

At Newingtiin, Snrrev, Mrs. l.iyloi, wife 
of John T. efq. late of (he cultumi. 



fame ifliind. 

5. At hishoufc in Xorth'imberl.-Mvl-f^rcct, 
Mary-la-Konne, )amcs W)tlc;,el(|. avi;'.u.uic 
of the l;.lc crenidicr-i'uarJi-. 

In hit 67th ye.u-, }(>hn Peckham, cfq. of 
Pati i;;b*iirn-i".o'..i' , Kent. 

At N«iniMinn.ki»n, in his Sc(h year, Vr. 
Perciv;i},fen. a w\\ i«":irtle.'4lci':»ul banker. 

6. A( (he hjMTc I'i 1;!^ fii>ei , Mrs. Kord, i:i 
Groek-ftit*i, M .([hfv, i'Uiiiri'itjcfq. 

At Illii:gton, in his 7ad yo.sr, AlcXanv'er 
LoMgmore, elq. M.A. foinuer, and many 
years m.i(lu', of an rMniiieni bo.irdingfcho(il 
(iH>w c.irricil on bv iiie Rev. Dr. Thorn ion) 
at Kenhn^(on. Thi. article will h« read 
with a tenilcr recoilci^don of (heir foimer 
hnm.ine .in-' aiiidnok s iii;itlcr, by m.iny w)u> 
are ijo.v tiihnj ui:li creih: v:ui»UN ftHtions, 
fi)me c*f ilic:n va the hM;.ell nwit^^ of life. 
His more imractlinrc rc!H■i'.•c^, ai.d others 
who were objci^tsol Jus very exten live bene- 
ficence, Will be ready, un rc;uling it, to cry out 
Ala?, my Either! 

7. SudjUnly (oppreiTed with overweij'Vit of 
bufrrtb, (nc lof- nf a beU)Vi-il toiiUnr a*K)Ut 
I ; ni-nidis ;<,';», and of a ufemi foreman and 
clerk l.itely) in aHluent circuinli'inois, aiHl 
%vi:h a fair reputation, at his houfi: in iJhi'ill 'j 
hofpiral, London, Ricnard Norris, efq. an 
ennnent furvevor, cnqxloyed by tJut hof]ut:!l, 
by lite Sun Fire- iru':ince-otHce, the Cloih- 
woriicrs c;in-ipnny, ;.iiil (he i.haitrr-h'Uife. 

In the Atklph:, P.iulcl'Aii;rcmont, elq. 

At t!itf hn-n'e ot her il.iU";'ucr, Mr>. F:i"ell, 
at Vt>rk, MfN. Wecikm, icnct of thr Kfv. Jrj- 
fei>!i W, re-.ttor of Or ford and Wo.ilcy, co. 
iiiintiii!;(ii*n. 

8. At I^cwmftrkj-t, af-cr .n few hnui's ii'.ncG, 
Mr. John WaUon, a weil-knuwn jockey .tod 



In bis 79'.h year, J<.!in Diuist, efq. of f,ri).):\i ihere. 

Boyle flreet, Savile-iow, f.ithiirof (Jco. 1). m h:s fumfe at Charkon, near ^Vantage, 

cfq. hanker, in New Kond-ltiotr. Cork , m hii yid year, Wm. Frjcs, ctq. one 

Ac Ely, Th«xnw> Gotobeil, ef(|. Iii<;h baihit of the a^tiu^ magiitrates for th.it coun:y. 



and one of the juflice^i o( tlK |K>are f»^ (he iflu 
of Ely,and acommiliutncrofihe lofMv. 

3. Mr.Wm.Nicholf<in,priiiiet;iiu; fi.tiioner 
^ Wiihcch ; a truly worthy man. 

Ac C.interbm7, aseJ (>?, T'ter BvriT, efq. 

At his apartments in .%;;ij;;.I;:i*r*i, 11 h"; 
77lh year, Kcnipc Bry.!gcs, c q. fdnnci ly of 
Bedford- (Irect, Covei.t g.tiiicn. He \VJ.^the 
youngell fon of the Kev. Niariiiall }}. c.inon- 



A[ lus In afe in ^jreen-itrcetf Entield, of a 
<hird :>in>plcClic fir, a;^cd i;^, Mr. Samuol 
\Vc;odn.im, hroihw'r of .vlr. \V. who died 
Aug. x6, 1790 (ice vol. L\. p. 70;.) 

«;. i\\ Her apartments in An m-corner, 
a^'.fd S-, Mr** riminfoMi, n willow l^idy. 

Jiy th'j (:uU!«;n huiilmj', of a hbhul-vclfcl, 
Mr. Hfip-J, packer, «'f i-.e.ide:diall-ltiecl. 
Mils Ciitwlcy, el»!e3 d:iu;^'iti roF Sir I'ho- 
refidcmiary and cl^nccllor of tlie lathcdial m;i<> Cr.iv.'ley ]!uevcy,!>.u-t. ot l-laxley-al)bey, 
of Well.«. CO. (J I: UCJ!\or. 

.Mr.NichoIa^-FrancisUetkman,ofK.ifliioii- At W'cvnioutli. Cyahriel S(ewaii,erq. p.iy- 
fireet, Spit.d- fields. mnUcr •! (he auniies. 

Ac his feat 111 Ham;"fhire, Mr. fohn S linf- At i?eillord, Mrs. Smith, wife of the Rev. 

bury, Ae\v..rd to the iM.iiipiis ui Salitbury, Thom.\sS. (h.iientiiig^m'niller (heie. 
and broClici 10 Alderm.iM b. He '.\..\ i:. !;ri;id ir. Mr?. <..athcrine Knott, of Caltis- 

health a few mor.ients hcfiiie, aiul l!n"ping court, 13u'chiii-l«iiie. 

to pick up l.tnie.hing, lie dioppe 1 douu, and 11. At Hu:y, i:i her ^:d year, Mr^. Pa- 

expired .mii:(«.l--.ir';iy. thcrine Patrick, a mniden lady, au-.i only fnr- 

At FiJlhw:".rer, in tlie ifle of Wiphr, in his vr.'p-.^ jr.iii'J-.l.iiighter of th« p:oUj bmiwu 1*. 
6ctli vf.tr, A vtctim to the gout, iv:iJ« uh/ch fonntiiy bi'.liop of IV.y. 

zowj'lirc lie Ind Ifccu ndlicied thnii hts G.\\. Btjhait, cVq. out oll\\^: :xV\«:^*\\ ^A 

fbtUUnfo-J, J, TrtMighe^ir, elq. bivUjcr to the N«w WoodlWck, aiiA vwV» Uotfi \.«iv\ ^vww:^ 



I 

02 OUtuttryfcdnfidinAUPerfinsi whbBlogrdphtcalAnHJkla* [Jtn. 



(erv«d the office of maybr of that boroogh. 
Suddenly, at Bath, of a paralytic affe6lion» 
Rev. Wm. Fillbridge Arnold, oiie of the fe- 
nior fellows of Emanuel College, Cambridge, 
a gentleman much efteemed smd regretted. 

I J. At Hammerfmith, Mr. Wm. Green. 

At his lir^ufe on the Steine at Brightlielm- 
ftone, aged 83, Cha. Scrafe, efq. many years 
partner with the Lite Mr.Robfonyof Lincoln. 

At Exmouth, Devon, Rev. Samuel Teed, 
M. A. fellow of Exeter C<illege, Oxford. 

At Liverpool, in her gcth year, Mrs. 
Houghton, relict of Richard H. efq. aunt to 
Col. Tarleton, ooe of the members for that 
borough, and to CoL Stanley, one of the 
iTHNnnbers for Lancafhire. 

14. Mr'. Lane, wife of Wm. L. efq. of the 
Exchequei'-office, Temple. 

In Charlotte-ftreet, Bloomfburv, Henry 
Bulby, efq. 

Mr. Homcaftle, ftationer, New Bond-ftr. 

At Donington, co. Lincoln, the Rev. 
Lewis PoweU. 

At Oundle, co. Northampton, aged 82, 
Mri. Yorke, widow of the Rev. Mr. Y. for- 
merly vicar of that pan(h. 

In Dorfet-ftrect, Sali(bury-court, of a vio- 
lent fever, Mr. Jofeph Jackfon, a letter- 
founder of diftingnilhed eminence. He w;is 
bora in Old-ftreei, Sept. 4, 1 7 3 3 { was the firit 
child ba)>tifed in St. Luke's church ; and re- 
ceived his education at a fchool in that neigh- 
bourhood, the gift of a Mr. Fuller; whence 
he was apprenticed to Mr. CaHon (fon 10 the 
An*, celebrated founder of that n.ime, and fa- 
ther to the prefent leiier-fooiulcir to his Ma- 
jefty). Being exceedingly tr.id\.ible in the 
common branches of the bufmefs, he had a 
great defire to learn the metliod of cutting 
the punches (which is in general kept prji)- 
foundly fecret; his mafter and mailer's father 
locking ihcmfelves in whenever they were 
at tliat branch of the bufmefji). This difficulty 
he furmounted by boring a h<ile tlinnigh the 
u'ainfa)t, and obferving them at diffeiTnt 
times, fo as to form fome idea of the mode 
in which the whole was j>erfr»rmcd; and ap- 
plied himfelf at every orportunity to the 
finifhing of a punch. When he liad conj- 
pleted ooe to his own miiv^, he 1 refentcd it 
to his mafter, expecting to be rewarded for 
his ingenuity : but the premium he received 
was a hani blow, with a thrtat chat he 
ihould be fenc to Bridewell \i he ..gain m.'ule 
31 fimilar attempt. 1 his circumftance btin^ 
taken in dmlgeon, lus mother Ixnight l.im 
what tools were neceffary, and f.e in' proved 
kimfelf at her lioufe whenever he Kad an 
opportunity. He continuetl to uvnk tor his 
tnafter, after he c;jir.e out of his time, till a 
quirrel arofe in the foundery nbouc the price 
of work; and a memoiial, which tLM'mid.tted 
in favov.rof the workmen, being fcut to the 
elder Gallon (who w.is then in t'nc commif- 
/jon of tlie peace, i\ni\ had retired to Bethnal* 
green) younp^. fackfon and a Mr. Cottrcll 
'"^Aff /hid //At wi/ir been an apfneucice) were 



difcharged, at the fuppofed ringleadtrs. Com- 
pelled thus to feek employment^ thejr united 
their (lender dock in a partnerihip ; and wtol 
on profperoofly till, Jackfon's mother dyinf," 
he entered, in 17S91 on board the Mincrvi 
frigate, as armourer; and in May, 1761, 
was removed with Captain Alexander Hood 
info tlie fame fituation in the Anrora* and 
proved foroewhat fuccefsfiil, having about 
40I. prize-money to receive at the pe:ice oC 
1763. During tNe time he was at fea, he 
was vifited by a fevere fit of ^lcknef^', in wliich 
he vowed, if he recovered, to lead in futoro 
a very penitent life ; which promife he punc- 
tually fulfilled. On his return to Lnndoni 
he worked for fome time under Mr. Cat* 
trell ; till, determining to adventure into 
bufineft for himfelf, he was encouraged to 
do (b by two life-guardfmen, his fellow- 
workmen, who engaged to allow him a 
fmall pittance hvr fubfiftence, and to fupplf 
money to carry on t\\e trade, for two years. 
Taking a fmall houfe in Cock-lane, he ibnn 
fatisfied his partners that the bufmefs wouM 
be produAive before the time prumifed- In 
about fix nuMith*:, the Lite worthy printer 
Mr. Bowyer accident.^lly calling to InfpeA 
fome of his punclies (for he liad im) fpecimen)* 
approved them fo much, that he promifed 
to employ him ; adding, *< Mv father ww 
the means of old Mr. Caflon 1 kling in hit 
coach : liow do you know but I may be 
the means of voiir doin? the fame ?" A 
fliort time after ihi^, ite put out a fmall fpe- 
cimen of one font ; wliich his young mafter 
canying to Bethnal-green with ;in air oC 
contenmt, the good oKl juftipe tre.'^ted it 
otherwife; and defircd Itis fon *' to take tC 
home, and prcferve it; and wlienever he 
went to cutt^ig af;:un, to look well at it.'* 
It is Hut jurticc to the prefent Mr. Caflon to 
add, ih.it he has always ackudwlcd^ed tho 
abilities of Jackfon ; and th(»ugh riva!s in an 
ait which requires the greateft exertions ot 
ingenuity, they lived in habits of reciprocal 
fnemhhip. Bxifmefs inrrcafing rapiiily, Mr, 
Jnckton removed to Doifct-Hiect, f*)i ?. more 
capic:i5us worklhpp ; and about 1771 waa 
applied to by tlie laie Duke of Norfolk to 
make a mould 10 cad a IvtlloA- fqunrc. TelU 
ing the Duke th.tt iic thouglit this was prac- 
ticible; his Guce obferved, that hu h.id 
applied to all the (kilfHl meclutnxks in L«jii- 
don, Mr. Caflon not exccpteil, who d»-rljired 
ir impollibie. He foon convinced the Dnke 
of tiis abilities ; and in the courfe of tiiree 
monthb pnxlucinj; what his Grace had been 
years in fearch of, was cwr after held 'u\ 
great cAimation by the Dnke, who consider- 
ed him as tlie hrft mechanic k m the king- 
dom. — In 1762 he mairied Fliz. Tal^H, 
originally a whinfter ii^ Spiial-fields, a v«:ry 
worthy woman, and :iii excellent wife, 
who gi*eaily contributed, by her caie and iii- 
dnilry, to his getting forward on his firft en- 
tering \u\o huSiutts. SVw \?Aed Dec ^t 1 7&3» 
aft the aw ol 4^\ mw\i \u iSaooss. Vvv. '«w»RX>i 

V.I- ^\\Kt, 



t79^-} OHhimyftmJUir4AU Pirfins; with Bi$graplncdlJnititti$. ^] 

iiftery Ym marriei] Mary Pa(h.im (the widow cnn at jTrefent (itaia of his life and charaAar 

•f a [>rincer ia« Black Friars), who (lint Sept. is hierc nitertd to the puMick. He watda- 

14, 179 1, k*. ihe age of :;■ He fuiTivc! fccrn'.^J from nn anricnt and refpedhihle fa- 

the fecond cf hi^ wives b;i! .1 few njonilis; niilv 111 Kent, bein^fon of ilie Rev. Sam. H. 
and his rem.iin» were •m.thei'^il dtpnfit'jd, in re;^V>r of Othnin, in tlu: coimtf, 176S, who 

Che lame fv ive w':h tljcm S<*th, iiVtlie front Oicil in 17^1, aged 75, .ind was fiicceed.-d Itr 

ground o» tfc Spa- Fields rhapel, a ikmi ora- liij fon WiUinm. The I^ifhop was admitted 

Cion bei>ig delivered on ilic oocifum hy i!ie ai M2;^^ialenCi)llege, Oxfoul, where he pn>* 

Rev. Mr. Towers; who pnradied alfo a ceeded M A. »-^z, B. f*. 1786, and D.I). 
flKKral feimon on th? 29th, at his mccnng- t-'S?. \\\ i;6S he w;w cliofen prcfi^»ent <if 

hi)ufe in Barbican, of wliich Mr. \^• kfon hi« ci)lle;;e, asid married M;^ Brirtnn, of 

was cms of t!:e De-icotif. By the (fcaih of Haitan-carden. He w.« v'ce chancellor of 

Shis iii?,<-iri"is aitift, .^nlI truly worthy man, the univerdty in 1776, .inJcon'.ifjuedfo fi;Ui 

r.'Ms iiff-.r h»ve loit aii excellent benefactor, years. In 1781 he was made dean %f Cio* 

hik o V n inrimeJiote connf^xioiu a llcady terbnry \ and, on the tranfl.ition of Dr. Hji« 

friend, .ind !!« litcraiy world a vahiASIc co- got to St. Afaph. ri3'). bifhop of Noru'ich. 

admitir to iheir lab* Hi's. To particularize In hb early yrar^ ne wa<: under the care ol' 

the art'i-ltt of ni* foundery which were more hi< excellent fa'h<!r,airentUmanof good learn- 

pxuliaity lupcrior, when all were excel- in^r, found principles, ;ind a retired Clirifti.n 

lent. wo'.:ld be unneceflary. Let it ftiffice hte. At the Univcrfjt/ lie preferred f«:-h 

tomention, as matters of ditficulty and curio- Ibidicb as loon made him eminent in tlie 

fitv, cl:? fac-fi mile types which he formed for knowlcjr.e of the Scrlptares, atfe£lionate ta 

Domefilay Booky and for the Alexaiulnan the Church of Kngland, and fuperior to tltofe 

New T«-itamenc; and, as a pattern of the allurtments of the world by wi«ich fo mmy 

Bioft pcrfert fymmetry, the types which priiit are dr^wn a-vay. for thefe three purpol'et, 

tlie fplendid edition of I lie Bible now publilh- though hi^ attention was turned to every 

iag by Nfr. Mackliu. Mr. jackfon !;ad ac- thing v.ilnabl!f in Ileligiun and Literature; 

qoircd fonie confiderabie property, the bulk three feveral .luthors were known to be his 

ofwliidi, having left no ctild. he has directed f:ivo'.;rites. He had nn elegant ufte in Greek, 

to be eip^illy divided between fourteen ne- L.;tm, and Eng.ifh poetry ; and many verfei 

^bews and meccs. of a fweet ftraiu were occafionally oimpofed 

I c. At her tioiife in Upper Brook-ftreet, by him. Pew men there have been in whom 

in her S^th yeur, Mrs. Reeve, leV.cl of Fho- depth of leamin;*, brightnefs of im.iginaticm^ 

BMS R. M. D. fandUty of manners, and fweetnefs of tem- 

16. Li !ii< 7 ^d year, John Rivington, efq. pcu, were fo united* His company was 
an eniincut b€)nkfeller in St. Tuil's Cliurch- therefore very deOrable to all who had ths 
yaidy one of ttie court of ailiibnts of the h.iopjnefs of being in friendfhip with him« 
Stationeisi Company, a dire^or of the Ami- While at Canterbury, he.i*^peared like him* 
cable S&:tc*.y in Ser]eant's-imi, and of the felf, and was in the high :t eflimaium : at 
Union Fire ertsce, a go\'emor cf ChriiVi- Norwich he \v:s a fettin;; fun. With hit 
hofpital, &c. &c. and much ^fleemed by a difcourfes from t!ie pulpit, iiis he.ircrs, whe- 
nunierous acquaint.'uicc. th?r of the city, the univi r-Hv, «>r tno co'.m- 

Willinm Scullard, cfq. of Manfel-dreet, ttv parlHi, wereedifieil a>->d v!en:,iitfd. Two 

Guotlm.mV fields. incomparable volumes are uriihirmly pub* 

At h«: f'sit :ii Stanford -hall, co. Leicef^i^r, lifhed: minv others, equally excellent, which 

after a ih'irt illnefs, aged 26, Sir Tho. C.ive, are loofe, fhoiild be colle<^lcd together an4 

bi:t. M.P. for that county. He wa^ the fifth r-pi intc'. His Cammentary on the Kal.nu 

of that family from its baronetcy, m i6;r, v. ill continue to he a coir.panioa to the cK>le| 

20d the twenty-fifth in lineal defcent from till iV.t devotion of eanh Ihall end in the hat- 

Joiird:tyne dc Cave, who, in the third year IclMJ.ihi uf Heaven. When he had patiently 

of William the Conqueror, h.-ul nuvty large fiirtci-cd .icdcr fuch infirm iiics as U.d not 

n:ifieilions aHigned him as marks of royal feem di:e t) his years, his fuul tunk its th.^hc 

Mvii-.ir. Tlie family has ever fiiicc lived in from t is vale of mifury, tiMie unf|>e^ik tble 

iMrfiourrfhle ftylc, ferving tlio prinop.d of- lofs of the L'hurch of KngbnJ, and tiie greiC 

Aces in l^iceiler and Northam|Honihires, dira|r;v>Intmem of hts forrowing friends an^ 

befides reprefenting them in feveral iiarlu- ndmuers, <mi liie 17th of J.in'.iar/, 1792, and 

men:«. The late Baronn was marrietl but in the 620 year of his ng^. His facul'ies con^ 

in June lafl (fee vol. LXL p- S"* ') 5 •*''^' the tinuud with him i;!! the laft. Hi^ mind was 

ttle, if I lice fhould be no iil'ue, d^olvtv lo n.-t only remarkably compofed as his end 

the Rev. Clurles Cave^ M. A. vicar of Tiic- di-.iv near, but even lively and plcAf.int. 

diii;; worth, co. LeicefUr, and of Finedon, co, Wl.tm he had received the facrament Imm 

KoKh.imptivn. tlu- h liids ot hi^ ch.qil.tin, he faid he felt him« 

17. At two o'clock in the morning, at his fkif bicilcd and luppy. He g.ive his bene* 
b'liife 111 Qiieeu-fquare, B.ith, the Rightr\c*v. <!i>-) on 10 all his ftmiL* and ittcndaacsir.Jivv 
Gcorpe Home, lord bifhopof Norwich. TIik du ..iv, bidding ilwm ^o, 'axvA do aWvJwt V*^ 
rerpcctabie Prv)si[e tuvitig bcai fienv-jnuy in thrir power. Kc CTtVUtii ^ Vi^. >N<CM*Jt. 

iiuKcu mfia cUcPaperfj Uto boa accox n ive a grf-an, io the {.nit \\W!C«X^U3^i\\5:\Vv««| Va 



94 OUtUinyofconfiJirabkPirfoHsiwithBiograpbMlJHeci^ts. £jat» 

which he Uvtd» and Teemed like one tranf- 21. Ac Highgate, Mr. Michael ^"f»% 

lated without feeing death. The publick lias baker, one of the oldeft inhabitants. " 

been infbrmeily chat tliis good Prelate had a At her apartments in Iflin5ton,afteralong 

prefentiment of the time of his death. The and painful illnefs, whidi (he bore w^th ex« 

fadl was as follows. About three days be- emplary fortitude, in her 75th year, Mrs« 

fiure, he faid Co thofe who were with him, Eleanor Wale, only filler of the late Rear- 

' Have you made a note nbout the 17th day admiral John Harrifon. 

of this month ?*' Upon their anfwering in At his houfe in Tanner-row, Yorkt in his 

the negative, as not knowing what the quef- 6ift year, Thomas Kilby,efq. an aldermau 

tion meant ; " then/' faid he, '< 1 will ; fo of that coriH>ration, and who ferved tlie o^ 

bring me a book ;*' and he noted it down ac- fice of lord-mayor in 178^ 

.C4irdinglyj with tlic day of the week on At Harrington-hall, co. Lincoln, of the 

which it was to fall. On this day lie de- ftone, by which diforder he had been fe« 

paitcd. His death, to tliofe wlu> cnnfider verely afflidied leveral years, xvith the moft 

it, will appear to be truly patriaichal : excruciating tortures, and which he bore 

aiid in his life and writings he lias left z with great foititude and refignation, Mr. 

pauern to the fiitlicrs as well as to the funs Sandon ; a religious, honed, friendly, cbear- 

of the Church uf EugbnJ. , H2 was in- ful, and ingenious man. 

Cerred in the. family- vault of his father-in- 21. At Hani|>ton lodge, near Guildford, ia 

law, Philip Buiton,efq. at £1 lum, in Kent. Surrey, Thomas Parker, efq. 

He left three daiighters, the ekiell of whom Mrb. Alfop, uf Qnecn-tlr. GoMen-fq'iart. 

js married to the Rev. Mr. Selby Helc. — At hib Adcr's hout'ein |ames-(Vreet, *{uck» 

JBiihop Ilurne publifhed a fermon preached ingham-gate, aged 8z, John Elliott, efq. late- 

before the fons of the clergy, at SL Paul's, of the Salt-office. 

1762} an aiTize fermon, at Oxford, 1773; Unfortunately bunit Co death, aged 8r, 

a fermon preached for the bcnefi: ot the Mrs. Hoys, of Peterbitn)iigl^ It is fup|x>ted 

Afylum, 1774; a faft fermon, before the (he fell into the fire in a fit, which occafioH* 

Houfe of Commons, 1780; autither before eil the dreadful catal\ruj the. She had a mo^ 

the Univcrfity, 1781 ; one in favour of Sun- providential el'cape from destruction about 

i!ay-fchools, at Canterbury (fee our vol. LVI. ten years ago, by being run down by tlM 

p. 41a) t one on opening a new organ in Can- Lincoln llage, as ihe was croilii.g the Long 

terbury cathedral, 1784 (LIV. 686); one Caufeway in Peterborouj»i, and, noLwith* 

before the gentlemen of the King's fchool {landing her b^ing entangled with the ho;-fes» 

tliere, the fame year (ibid 930) ; three other received VC17 little injury. 

iiui^le ones, 1756, and two in 1761; &>nfi- 23. At Kiaglton, uf an ir.flammacion in 

derations on the L.fe and Death of John the her twwels, Mrs. Cooke, wife of Mr. C the 

J)Hpti(l, 1769; a Commentary on the liook difliller. 

of Hf.Um<, 2 vols. 4to. 1776. Suddenly, after eating his foppcr, to all 

Mr. Samuel Paiker, one of the aldermen appearance, in |)erfe6t health, Mr. BenDow, 

of Great Grimfby. co. Lincoln. baker, of Woicefler. 

At her houfe in Paternofter-row, aged 70, At her apartments in Norfolk- ftr. Strand| 

Mis. Elizabeth Wells. Mrs. Nei^rckcr, -x tvidow lady. 

Suddenly, in an aj>ople£tlc fit, Mrs. Clark, 24. At Entield, Mifs Sally Walker, fecond 

wife of Stephen C. efq. upiier city-marftul. daughter of the Rev. Mr. W. late pador of 

At his aj-aitments in the Sonih-fea-houfe, the congregation of Proteftant Dilfenters in 

James Eytnn, efq. ptincipd calhicr of the that town. 

&outh fe.) Cumpaity. At Iflington, aged 102, Mrs. Judith Scott. 

At \K?g>-a!en College, Oxford, Rev. Mr. 26. At'er a lingering illnefs, at his houf« 

Lawfon, Iclluw <il ih.it fociety. • in Wlute-lioire yard, Drury-Une, Mr. Ro» 

J 3. At *^toke Nevvington, Mrs. Dorfct, binfon, woolli^n-draper. 

wifeofCapt U. in the .VI;u7land tr.ide. 27. At his brotner's houfe in Bladud's- 

Siul.Icnly, at KcnrMigton, after teac'.ung the buildinj^s, Kath, wlnthcr he h;id gone tor th« 

youn;; giutleiven .11 ihe Prince of Wales's rec(»veiy of hrs lie.ilth, Jofeph E wart, efq. 

ac.idemy, .Mr. Crcf\\itk, teacher of clocu- late his Hritr.nnic Majefty's plenipotentiary aC 

tu)!i, and many years a perfoimcr at the the Court of Berlin. He wa<> a native uC 

'Yui cv and (Hher uie;itrcs. ' Dun\iVies, and the eldeft fon of the venera- 

ff). iKi the l)ow.i^er lady De CliflTord**:, in ble and much refpedted Clci'gyman of Tra- 

Stin'nnpc-lb. Ma>-fair, S.im.Campt>cll,( fi|. qnoer, in that neighbourhood. His death 

At irdini urgh, Thomas Troiict, d^. of w:.s iii confcqueive of an attack of tl»e gouc 

M irton hail. \i])on the brain; but hisconllitution had beei| 

,'•.1 Kidil- ford, Devon, much laiiented, prcvumfly undermined by the m >ll vigour- 

.Col, Ldwiiixi Windus. ons and hanaliing exertions, in fiiuations 

. In her Scili year, Mrs. Alice Cal'.lunp, arid on occafions the moit cniical in which 

reliv'f of Mi. L'. u\ Uofton, Uinc. merch.'.nt. any foreign mioilter was ever pl.iced. Ho 

2~ Found (ie.id ui her bed, uhi'hur Ihc has p.tid his life as afacrifice to his zeal in tiM 

n-ciif t/ic II ti.'i: bvfoie in ptifedl health. Mrs. fcrvicc uf his countiy — nor cealed to (iervc 

^lutjlcy, \Mit' nf Ml. B. ID partncrihip with iililVUe cca^<Milv^Vv\'c. 



> 



1 J91.] Prltet of Grain.— rhtatrUal RfgiJ.r.—BUl of Xf»rtai!lf. 95 
Mr. Danld Stacy, OTfo-eb»niller, White- widow at ihe Ixe Sir John- James G. ban. of 

•'*••*'• P*ric, in SccKland, who wis killed at tho 

18. After s (hart but fevere (il of illnefi, fiege of B.ilfeen, b the fcnice of Che E.ift 

It Iw houfe in Slome-llreet, Ljily Gordon, India Company. 



PRICES OF WHEAT, from I'.i; Returns 
Firft Dillria, Lomdoh, 5s. td. beim 
Ui Uuu inir bft n-porl, vul. LXI. jk 1 

INLAND COUMTItS. 

'■ \ , 

5 7,-S»Iop 

S 4[Her<:f.„d 

5 I Worcelter 

A Iiv'Waruiirk 



Uiddlefex 

Hertfiird 
Red ford 

HuatinE'Ion 

KiKtliHriiptoii 

Rutland 

Lciwner 

Nmiia^haiii 

DirbT 

Sufliird 



S 



5 I Berks 

4 iiOxfonl* 

5 .1 Baeki 
i 5 Brecon 
5 ct Montgomery 
J 8j Radnor 

■ No InfpeAcn jel appoiiiced. 
Total Avemge of EiigUid vid Wal 

OATMEAL, per Boll of i40lbs. 
AVERAGE PRICE, by wliich Expoar. 



iig J^uar,' at, 17 
MARITIME COllNTI 

Diftria?. 



5 Siilfnlk J 
J Cmhrrilje 4 1 
N'arfiilk 4 t 
J Uncoil. 5 , 
I York 4 , 

J Durfam 4 n 



J.IDiftriai 



, .== DenLiRl. j 

8 .{ Anglelira 5 

I Carnarvon j i 

l.*Weruiiieth ^ i 

r CatJijan 6 

■■ , J Pcmbixrfte 4 , 

o| ' I Carmaith. 5 i 

!□; j-Gloiiceiterj ( 
lolio^ Somerfei j 
1 1 L Monmouth 5 
'ill '^""" S ' 

91 I Coniwall 5 ; 
'i..S Dntfet t I 

riHanl, J ; 

Per hufhel, 51. jd J Per quarter, iL ti. *d. 
irdupois, il. i-^. jd. 
nJ BouNTr are to be reEoIated. 



. J.\DiClri£ti 



THEATRiCAl 
7m. Dau«v (H*Y-M*giiST). 

' I. Crnon— The HumnvifL 
3. Kno— The Firft Floor, 
■ 4. Ditto —The Doflor and the AjwtUeciry. 

i Ditto— TIte Deaf Lover. 
Dino — The Apprenti<:e. 
7. Diuo — Tlie Miner of Maufialil. 
(. DiCo— Cro& Purpulies. 
to. Kno — The Humnurid. 
ti. Uitto— The Viipii Unmafk'd. 
II, Dittu — The Ciliien. 
I]. Duin — The Paniwl. 

14. Ditto — The MiUsr of Mvuheld. 
It. D;tti>— The HuinoarifL 

If. DiHo— The Virgin Unaullc'd. 
- li. Hniadei—The Deaf Uver. 

1). Cymmi—The Firft Floor. 

to. Dino— High Life btlow St^iri. 
' tl, ItabeUa— The Virgin Unitvilk'd. 
' i|. The Counlry Girl— The A]>i>i cnLicc. 

14- hne Shorr — The Citiieii. 

15. The Confederacy — Virgin UimiarK'd. 
li. Cymoii — Tlie Devil to Pay. ^ 
if.-Dino— The Humnurift. 

li. Venice Preferv'd— Eoglilhnian io Paris. 

JT. Cymon — Ditlo. 

Ji. Fair Penitenl— Catlierin-! and Pelruchio. 

BILL of MOItTALlTY, f 
Cbriflen*d. | Buii<-d. 

/Vni Laif mi, »•'*. 



. REGISTER. 

Jjt. CoVfHT-GaKDEH. 

a. A Da^ in Turkey— Blue Ueanl. 

3. Love in a Village— Ditto. 

4. Notoriety— Diuo. 

5. A Day in Turkey —Dino. 

6. Tilt Farmer — Modem Aatliines— Diiia. 

7. Arxaxerxes- Ditto. 
9. Wild Oats— Diuo. 

to. A Day in Turkey — Ditto. 

1 1 . Tlie Woodman — Ditto. 

II. NoUTiety — DiHo. 

ij. A Day in Turkey— Ditto. 

14. Notoriety- I>itlo. 

16, Romeo and Julici — Ditto. 

iB. Wild Oatj— Dii:a> 

19. Tho \Vood.ilan~iJif.u. 
la. A Day in Tr.vtt'y —Ditto. 



IT- 1 lX.-«iT'nk(7-ii.tieBj:ud. 
i3. The Wij M-ms-i— 'Jfcu- .ind .Mjlvia 
31. Ko.oiie:]- — Oi'ciir ::itd MjIciiu. 



; ai.4 JO ii;Ui . 
> aU 4a >,^. o- ■ 





nil u. 


iFli 


II 


i|n ni\n ''^€'- B\-- 


,S£s 


II 




-s. 


1!* 


i 


fi II mill iiiii 1 


il 


1 


if 


||, == H5 11 J5 = j;5 5 


il 


Hi 


It 


lii in !i 


II 


1 

1 


t 


t| 


b^Hii"- '-''S^. ' 


"£. 


i^-^S- 


ri 


h ^= -i ax "==^i.i 


£ 


-_ 


If 


1. - 

v 


\'- si^ii mm 1 


A^ 


1-^ 


il 


f! 


11 1 i 1 IlilH 1 


II 


III 


n 


ii 


S^ S-.S|-,S, '.£SSS s 




.-s.- 


\u 


1 


mill III 1 


II 


11° 


1 sy 


i 


n. |£-|£| .SS- i 


!- 


I--I 


*E 


f 


1 IIIII mil 1 


-1 


III 




5s 


1 III II IIIII 1 


II 


m 


^'1 

- 


ii*i?i ri-'i-^? -f-f-i 1 


1? 


.,~K 


lit 




:: :::i:: :::::: : 




! 




^ _lll^ 


1 
1 




1 
II 


Ii 


iiilillii 1 


1 " 


i 


i 1 




f/y 


il Ii 1 


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III 


A [[[ 



'he Gentleman's Magazine \ 




For EEBBUARY, 179a. 



O N T A [ N I N G 

amkf.Diarie* ibrjin. and .Fsb. 1791 fS 
ri lUmiriu on Lovelace and hii Poem) 99 
«iaiiaf Si«;dlDWt, MaTieiK,SwiIis,tcC. 100 
'OW^KMO Af Mallet't Edwin andEninii'i. 
Vc>i»aNic,anewCorrerpanil«rt,N°I.iol 
tnlorMotiumenCs — HiftoryaKheGi)u"oi 
my ftiof s, and Jiifers otlier Siihjeaj i»3 
iSJoii uiBofwell'fl.ifecrfDr.Jiitinfnn 1U4 
BHidAtdi-iiiEtaiCliurclMit, inSulTex lot 
Klh Arched Rock— WoodcawktatSciUy ifc 
eaEairiftBotke,io6-^Hi.o(eG»nltmiigio& 
nbrapropoCed Hiftor]r bf »iffiirdiliiie/"i. 
li«-M Balh-rThe Morrtfian Mi(cellany 109 
MenommUl Remainf of the Badards 1 1 1 
««oJKl,I>0Kniii5«— HnrcoM— H jftinss 1 1 1 

pU'iMSS. — Sc«1s — A tii>iiCuiiii>aKl>onii5 
I'lTranJlilion of Epillleiutlie Hehrews i \% 
t^^ymaoa tlie Relief of Romnii Catlioliu 1 1 ^ 
ptita Ux Oi^ — £■ of Leiiefter'i Aiilu lir 
{oumt in IreUnd — Cnwpers Homer ill 
:Dneu«itObfcmr.onditler(ntSnl>jefb 113 
AuonvwiouiAddrdlei^Dr. >'nellle]'i]4 
iDbellilhed wilh Perfiicflire View^of Hoo' 



Ohfemtiom on Artitlei ui our laA WntM 11 
InfurTeaionofiheNegrotiinSt. Oomingo 11 
Mr, Evan Erans > — MifcellnncmtsCon tt\ lurn t t 
St. George.— Some Aceounlof R idurJ Blmii.t i j 
AGnca<-'updefcrihed~Lwinltin|[Surniiq)esi3 
Litemy DepredMiMis expofed-»Lillihuil«n 1 j 
Cluraiier nf John Wefley cimliJly vindiealaJ i, 
Prohgritl* COf^quencctuf Ti eiich lUvoliu 1. la 1 1 
tlintftirllieReli«firf imffgentDe.-Lfani! Unm^in 
CaiiiiwMailiitti- £.Sj»eiiier— BilliwpHon.ei) 
T.iitieth'ofJjn^HintforStaEnibankmtnls jj 
Ule Mr. Wurlley vindicated at a SehODlmafltr 1 J 
Proceeding! of prefencSeiiion of Psrliament i' 
Society (uCprDinoliiigbiitufliy ill Linciilnlhire 14 
MlfccUancaiu Renuirht no varioui Suhjeflt ;, 



if-q«r 



aiifwered 



H Arched Reck ) 



For.AlfjlK,DnmcfticO>;currL-ncei,l(c.l«q— r 
Marria||((, DMCIi-, PreTermLnU, &c i3i — i 
Ai-erage Prices of Com —Tlifatiical Regift 
Daily VviaiionsiathePricoaftlieStocks i 
ant Ald*ihgtoh Churchei in .^diiex | 






L Hoi 



LS, 3ic- 1 



^f s r L V A N u . 



URBAN, Genf.. 



Ftknl MD.HEMRY hj JOHN MtCflOLS, Red Lum Patbge, tl< 
^itn^LcUm Co Ml Eiiitar are liaAraliabtMiirKtiKitVmt 'it 



IktJ 


Wmd. 


Barom 


Thare. 


State of' Wcalhar in Jamarj 1 7 J". 


, 


Nraoderat* 


19,1 


43 


clouded, flight fha wen 


s 


N modnue 




4) 


clouded, very pleafant A/f 


t 


S«lm 


9 


4n 


froftf, vei7 red (key in call, dvniBiii djf 


4 


Scatm 


19. 


40 


mill all i»T 


1 


Kc3lm 




41 


mill, not a ray of fun lUdw 


Wcilm 




41 


loorins, fairdax 


7 


Wmodirate 




44 


overcaft, d.rk day, flwmy triod at lUsM 


8 


W calm 




38 


lioarj froft, delifihcful dajr 


■« 


W modente 


*9»3' 




raia greacelt pait 




KEcann 


16 




fleet upon the Ground, ■ fine d»7 


II 


Ecilm 




37 


lanirioO, dear, fun and pleafiat 




SE calm 




3S 


clear and hard Eroll, fun aU day . . 


'1 


Scalm 


30 


33 


hard froft, cIhi- hrigl.t night 


14 


SW dim 


ii 


3» 


doll ikv, fl«i mi fnow 


■J 


SE brilk 


«8,6i 


36 




li 


SSE moietaU 


6j 


41 


dariVy. plea fant day 


I? 


Scalm 


*9i 5 


4^ 


mift, clcus up, mild and plealant 
hard froft, dear, fun and pleaCuit 


i> 


E eaten 


60 


To 


»9 


E Eintla 


's 


38 


Mack, nut a ray of fun 




E calm 


«5 


J8 


black, cold day 




SE cahn 


S° 


38 






Sttrim 


5° 


39 


mill, mild and foft du 


>] 


H calm 


J" 


4° 


dear, plearantd;iy 


«4 


SE calm 


h 




fog, damp, end) with r^ 




S mnltrau 


a8.78 


45 


rain, Clearl up, (air 


t6 


S calm 


70 


4« 


hick fo3, difperfa, eari* in rai« 


*7 


W cJm 


*9>'S 


46 


lear&y, faird^y 


.!! 


E mmloaM 


15 


46 


rain grcacafl put of day' 




S Ecnilc 




46 


Ltcar, mild and pkafanc 


30 


Shnik 


a? 


47 


ark, lour. iq day 


3' 


S cal« 


, S 


49, 


on, fliowery 



3. Ice line Inch thick in the courii of ona night, the wind and air feverely cold, the (d 
Inwing mnmin;;, cslm andferene.— 1>. Snow-drop flem above ground, ice in general )| 
inchei tliick, abMuiilut Iky at fun-let, — 14. The ice i g-icthsof an inch in the courfe of 
tlie night, the air feverely pierung. Thermometer out of doors at 10 o'clock AM, a6.— 
16. Walks oF gravel, Itc. very fpungy and iinpkiifani.— '16. The nuds in general havefof- 
lained more damage by (he late (roll and following raini, thanintbefpace of twdve moatbt 
— JO. Snow-drop in bloom. — Fill of rain this month a inches j-ioths. Evaporation a-iodv> 
*a* Evaporation lalt month wu 1 inch t-iothi j printed erriineoully i-iotJis. 

Wallim, <uar Lhmftil. 



J. Holt, 



MBTEoKOtoGicAi. Tabls for February, 



Heijh 




H. 


^4 


-i c 




j: - 


Birom 


\\-ealher 


.d 


o'l 


1% 


i 

S5 


ti. 


m. pit 


ill Jan. i;9.. 


y 


7-" 


T~ 





~T 






Fib. 


*7 


47 


;i 




'9.S» 


Fair 




*i 


43 


ji 


49 


.43 




M 


>9 


46 


4S 


4j 


.S» 


Ll,.u,lr 


14 


3" 
31 


t 


J* 


4! 


.78 
'J* 


dou,ly 
fjir 


I 




45 


5' 


4S 


.Si 


doii.ly 






■J7 


SI 


44 


.9 


cl.nidy 




3 


?7 


47 


Jj 




air 


'9 


4 


U 


4< 


45 




a.r 


to 


j: 


34 


46 


33 


,i& 


air 




6 


35 


4' 


1* 


i9.yj 


l„,i,ly 




I 


4? 


ii 


45 




l«.i,ly 


»3 


4S 


4; 


4' 


M 


rhowery 


>4 






40 


4< 


io.^S 


jir 




"> / f- 1 47 1 


i'/ 


.4 


fciiity 


16 


' 1 4 


' ' 


s 1 


,15 




\ 



792. 



Height ol Fdirenlieit'i Tfaenieaetcr* 



e 


i- 


Sirom 'W«aher 


i 


~z 


in, pt.. inFeb.l7(t. 


4 


e 




<i 


46 


,16 air 


si. 

S' 


40 
3-) 


,1 ram 


4* 


1« 


,05 ;l<.udr 






,16 ;loudy 


11 


3« 


.31 fnow and fbow 












,j fair 






,7a lair 




afl 


t \Z 


16 


li 


,t cloudy 


4* 






SI 


41 





■<»l • 



THE 



(99 



Gentleman'% Adagazine: 

For FEBRUARY, 1792. 

^ - - ■ 

BEING THE SECOND NUMBER OF VOL. LXII. PART I. 



Mr. UlBAN^ Feb, x, 

^^ '*' 2 Col. Richard Love- 
M M LACE» the Poet, when 

^30t}0C}BCjtlf ^^ ^'' rcleafed upon 

bail from prifon, to 
which he had been confined for deliver- 
iD§[ the Kemtifi Petition. After the ren* 
ditioo of Oxford garrifon in 1646, he 
fbnncd a regiment for the fervice of 
the French Kin^» was Colonel of it, 
aod wounded at Dunkirk^ and in 1648, 
returning to England, he was» with his 
brother Dudley- Pofthumus, then a cap- 
tain under him, committed a prifoner to 
Peter-boufe in London, and. here be 
i>repared his firft vol. of Poems, entitu- 
led, Lmcajla, (confiding of Epodes, 
Odety Sonnets, Songs, &c. * London, 
1649) for the prefs. To this book, I 
bcliefc, was prefixed his head by Fai- 
tbomc, though- it is wanting in my 
copy, (which by the bye once belonged 
CO Sir Benjamin Rudjerd, the poet, 
whofe name, written in his own neat 
hand, is in it). Granger fays, this head 
is fcarcc. The rage of portrait colled- 
iag has defpoiled many a book, to the 
continual impofition on purcbafers. The 
volume was intituled Luea/la t» in ho- 
nour of bis miflrtfs, Lucy S^cheverel, 
(quafi Lmx caftet) who, however, oa a 
Arong report that Lovelace was dead of 
bis wound at Dunkirk, foon after mar- 
ried. Such titles to poems were the 
faihioD of the day^ for fo Habington 
(a Tcry elegant poet, to whom Mr. 
Headley has done great injuftice), inti- 
tules his coliedion of Poems, Cafiara^ in 
compliment to his mifirefs, the daughter 
of Lord Powis, who became his wife. 

An elegant fancy figure of Lucafia 
fitting unde'r a tree, dcfigoed by Su" 
Pctec Leiy, and quite in his fiylc (with 

^ To which is added Amarantta, a Paflo- 
s:al, Loodun, printed by Ibomas Harper, 
aod fold by Thomas Ewiler, at the Gun in 



bis name thus, P. Lilij ittv. 9f W. Fm^ 
ibornefculp. Paris) forms a frontifpiece 
to this volume, which it dedicated to 
the right hon. Lady Anne Lovelace in 
26 trochaic verfes. Then follow. Re- 
commendatory Poems, by bis brother 
Col. Francis Lovelace; Sir Thomas 
Hamerily, Kt. in Latin, by Col. Norris 
Jephfon '; Col. John Jephfon ; Col. John 
Pinchbackei by Lieut. Col. Villiers 
Harington, in Greek; by W. Rudyerd; 
J. Needier, of Gray's Inn ; Andr. Mar- 
veil i J. Hall } Francis Lenton 1 Tho. 
Rawlins { bis brother Capt. Dudley 
Lovelace; and J. Harmar of Oxford, 
in both Latin and Greek. Of thefe. 
Marvel I's Verfes are not only the bcft, 
but have much energy. Anticipating 
the prejudices that would rife againft 
his friend, he fays, 

«* Tho Ayre'salroady tainted with the fwarms 
Of infe^ which againft you rife in arms." 

5cc. &c. But he goes on, 

^' But wlien the beauteous ladies came to 

know 
That their dear Lovelace was endangered fo, 
Lovelace that thaw'd the mofl congealed 

breaft, 
He who lov'd hefl, and them defended bcft, 
Whofe hand fo rudely grafps the ftecly hrand, 
Whofe liand fo gently melts tlte ladled hand, ' 
They all in meeting, tlio* yet undiefl 
jBallyM, and would in his defence i^ontcf^, 
And one the lovelieft that was yet e'er fccn. 
Thinking that I too of the rout had been. 
Mine eyes invaded witli a female fpi^ht, 
(She knew what pain 'twould be to loft that 

fight.) 
« O, no ! miftake not," 1 reply'd, «' for I 
In your defence, or in his caufe, would dye. 
But lie fecure of glory and of time, 
Above their envy, and mine aid doth clime. 
Him ! Valiant'il men, and fairefl Nymphs 

approve, [love." 

His Book in them finds judgement, with you 

CL1FFORPIEM919. 



Mr. U&BAN, Feb, 23. 

IT gave me pleafurc to fee the judici* 
ous obfervations of your correfpond* 
ent at Bath, infciicd iu ^out U(Vn^ 
Jumcy p. 1 207 1 xtT^\.Sl\ii|^ ^>N«\\tt^\^ 



too Onibi Miiraii0H ofSwaUmif Martms^ sndSwI/is. [F^ 

Martens, and Swifts; and I beg leare 
to corroborate bis affertion of their 
fometioiesvcry late appearance, by af- 
furing you that, about fi?e years fincei 
§n or aftirtbthwimty-firjl iUifofNoVim' 
bir^ the weather being remarkably fe- 
rene and mild, I faw half a dozen of 
thofe birds upon the wing, apparently in 
purfuit of their prey, as uiual in the 
fummer months, but by no means fo 
adive and vigorous in their flight. I 
faw them repeatedly fettle under the pe- 
diment of a lofty building, and where I 
am inclined to think ihey f'ecreted them- 
feWes in the winter, like as our houfe- 
flies withdraw from fight, and remain 
in a torpid date until the renovating 
fun renews their circulation. Thcle 
birds 1 fuppofed were Martens, though 
they did not go into the neAs which 
vrere near. I am now of opinion that it 
vras a late brood ; but I then thought 
the milHnefs of the feafon, and finding 
plenty of food, had caufed them to re- 
main after the general flight, and I 
could not but lament their pitiable ftate 
as I'eparaced from the red of their fpecies. 
But I cannot help teftifying my fur- 
prize we fliould At this day rem:%in igno- 
l^nt in n matter which is fo frequently 
offered to our notice and confiderarion 
as the exiAcncc and prefervation 
throughout the u inter of theie fummer- 
birds. I cannot but confider man as 
reprchcnfible, in fome degree, for pay- 
ing fo little attention to fuch a dtfpUy 
of the power and the goodnefs of the 
Pivine Being, both manifeQed fu coo- 
fpicuouily to \x% in thofe hajmlefs and 
neccflary creatures; as they do not rob 
the farmcrof his grain, but livecniircly 
on thofe myriads of iofe£ts which would 
othcrwife corrupt the air,\ve bieathe : 
and hence the folly as well as the bar- 
)>arity in (hooting them for paQime. 

Every contemplative mind muft feel 
s^n awetui plcafure on the affembling of 
fhefe b rvls in the autumn in^he face of 
flay i and though th(;y take their de- 
parture in the mod public manner, yet 
lire we at a Iqfs to afcfirtain their jour- 
|iey, from a negligence of obfervatiun, 
and enquiry of our neighbour-ftates. I 
know to any Aate they are thiog« too 
frivial for notice; but every kingdom is 
pofleflTed of individuals who would par- 
ticipate in the pleafuie fuch knowledge 
would convey i and theiefore the know, 
ledge of their deilination appears no dif< 
^cult affair. 

^ It Is eJjc prerai)ing opin'too thefc birds 
dfpaa to other warmer ciimiiet whco 



they have colle^ed themfelvet in their 
feveral diftrifts at the clofeof forameri 
^nd at prefent I can .entertain no idea 
more probable, becau(e I am at a loft 
where to fecrete from the eye of inam 
fuch multitudes of birds in this ifland* 
On Che other hand, it has been faid, that 
feveral of thefe fpecies have been difco- 
vered clung together under water ; but 
I am inclined to think it, if true, a cafual 
event, as it would be miraculous indeed 
to preferve them in that element, and 
from deflrudion by various kinds of fift* 
I wi(h 1 had fomethine to offer on. the 
fubje£t which might tend to your infor« 
mation for the benefit of your readen^ 
but I have not} and 1 can only promifa 
you, if in future I (hould have tba 
chance to notice fo late a brood of thefe 
birds, I will fpare no trouMe to find 
their retreat ; perfuaded thofe I menti* 
oned to have feen could not pi>ffibly take 
a long flight from confpicuous iaabilitys 
and, i( they could not leave this conn* 
try, 1 may conclude the place where X 
faw them Ute in November to be nearly 
the place where their little lives ebbed 
apace, and left them in a torpid ftate* 
Fiom a difcovery of this nature we 
might be confirmed in our judgement 
whether thefe birds could be io pre- 
ferved for future benefit to man, aad 
thereby fave them a miraculods flight to 
Afiica, all eady thronged in every dif* 
fcrcnt fpecies, and where there could 
fcatcc be room for an acceflion of ail the 
birds of Europe. However, £ think » 
out of the many correfpondcnts you 
hctve, in and out of Britain, fome may 
be found attentive to ihefe providepiial 
circumfiances, who would take the 
trouble to note down the firfl appear- 
ance uf the Swallow in the coming 
fpring ; and from fuch obfcrvariona we 
might trace their progriefs from the 
South to the North ; we might be led tq 
conclude of their paliihfi; the Mcditcr* 
ranean and the Channel to us t or, oa 
the other hand, we might have reafon 
to fuppofe that many birds, which did 
not leave the country, were, like the 
oak and the elm, rcnovi^tcd in this 
ifl^nd : and then we fiiould have to dsf* 
coyer where, and in what manner. 



Mr. Ua BAN Rmm/ari/, Fibrttary aa. 

MR. Tiiomas Cooke, in his enuincra'* 
lion of, and critical remarks on, the 
woikb of D. Mallet (particularized in 
your lafl volume, p. ii8i) takes wn 
HQUoc ol \3mi.i \Mauu!L>A votm^ entitled. 



179*.] fhi F§im§aibm9/Eimn 4mdEmtDM.^TbiAeMdimie^ No.L lot 

BdwiB aild Sfiimt« which I always fup* mf choictf and ftiU left wert ic neccOify 

pofed was wricten by Mallet. I (nrefome in chit early ftage to fpccify the fub|c& 

K will DOC be difai^rceabte to vour rea- which 1 have marked out for future fpe« 

^en, to be acquainted, that that piece^ culatioo. Ao Uoiverficy muft fupply co- 

Soueh adoroed with the ornamentt of piout matter to the Ellayift of any cha* 

Muft, and believed bv many to have rafter, whether he ad'uroe the pKiloCophic 

originated in the mere effnfions of a poe- ffravi^y ^ Johnfon»or thtea(y,yet acune, 

lie brain,) relates pretty accurately the fenfc of gentle Addifon. Sorry am I, 

death o^ two uafortunate cottagers. A that the want of will in abler heads hm 

knowledge of forae particulSir incidents engaged me in a talk wnich might rcflaft 

lebtivc thereto enables me to communi • honour oa abilities adequate to its di|i» 

cate to you an account, to which we fee charge. 1 (hould hope, hdwtvcr, thai«i 

lew parallels in thcfe days. At Bonms attempt to pleafe, iir it (kould mifs of 

in York (hire, a dreary village on the praifc, may yet defcrve fomething meiiB 

edge of Ststtanrty this young pair lived than a mere cxtmption from blame. I 

feclodcd from the gay fccnes of the fliiiU aim chiefly, may I prefumc sot m 

world i they were happy I for their hap- vain ! at the merit of originality. Aail 

dineis wa^ centered in each other. Htr perhaps in thcfe days, whM the lie >MV«^ 

filler was alive within thcfe few years, ^omnc of antiquity is lb freqiie»tlyfoioe4 

on the memory by a perpetual recuri 



and ufed frequently to relate to her young 
coqwring Deijthbours, with a kind of 



of the fame ideas in varied language^ 

Kkiomy pletlure, every circumfhince re- that claims, if juAly urged, deCervcs fo«M 

flpcding the death of l^win and Emma, regard. 

Tbefe two caily victims of love were Numerous are die puhlicatioos which 

kxh interred in Bowes church-yard, in fpring up perpetually into the regions of 

Me giave, over which no ftone or brafs day. Of thefe, allowing the greater part 

is laid to commemorate their remaikable to contribute each fomething new to the 

pafGon for each other. Their names are ftorct of fcience, how few bear the evi- 

ncorded to the parilh regiiler, wi:h the dence with them of thoughts purely or i- 

paniculars. Though they moved in a ginal ! And how finall muft neoeuarily 

bomble fphere, a bard arofe, and handed be the number of thofe whopublilh their 

chem CO poAerity, to be read when their thoughts at all, when compared with the 

fcal names and reding-placc fliall have thoui.<nds who give full Iconic ro their 

kMg been forgot, it was once in ajfita* re4faaiag powers on favourite objc^s, 

tioB to have ere^ed a monument to their and yet want the will or the ability tu 

■cn<iry« by private lublciiption ; but pr9duc$ their conceptions ! 
why not executed 1 know not ; probably If we confiderthe world of minds that 

^'vented by fome ch;tra6crs limilar to exitis betviixt the two Poles, the aflcrtioa 

« The fethcr, too, a fordid man, n»*y perhaps be fafely hazarded, that < 

«• Who love nor pity knew, •▼ery topic of important concern lo mao, 

w Was all unfeeling as the clod, iu his created, moial, and political capa* 

^ From wlience hi» Riches grew. city, is meditated by the men of this %s^ 

lo of Edwin aiid Emnuu oeration. Were it then poflible to iiic* 

The author of a publication, entitled. J^odizc and arrange for inipcdion the 

•• A Week a: a Cottage." ha. given us an ^""^'^^ '^?" '*'" "'^^ *" *^^ ^'"" "^ 

account of their l,vc. in his works, yet f^'^ '**'°K""^ ?y ", '° »*^»g«^7>^'l'««i 

With a p^iica Uuntta has w.mcicrcd io ^'t ""T uf ^^^'\ '.^ '^"'^ ^'°"* '*"** 

lariotot..eregionsoffancy,andvarninied '^""^ °^ obfcu.e and luminous matter at 

his narrative wi(h fo high a colouring, """^^ ''" ?* " •'''V*;P^A"^*k ' ^u* 

that he leads into labyr.nrhs, r.ther than '"!* d'/^c^.'^j unqaalifted by the wild- 

elucidates the ftory. Yours. &c. T. C. "^'* ''^ conjecture or the divergency of 

' rtaiuning that produced it, what a flood 

^ of light would bur ft oh the rcgiont of 

THE ACADEMIC. N* I. knowledge I Condemn not the tnought. 

Mr. Ua BAN, Cambridge, Feb. 17. Thit Hftivtr/al collcaion of original wif« 

F*Jl4mf, ft in mfdias res dom trom the treafures of individuals-* 

wnfccms ae noiat rapit audiionm, however analogous to the operation of 

M . Horace, the Bee*s fubilc lenfe, would requite a 

ANY £Hayifts have confumcd their being many degrees (uperior to Bacoa 

hift paper in demonftrating the in the faculties of power and intellea.— 

pro^ccy of ilic title which thc^r chute to vet if we view the mavui \ft a iiavrau»tv 

digDify iheu UboutM. Jt were oeedlcfs /pheie, wluit e\lc u \\^t wafilxtx oV vVi^ 

f^iei^aaiiicic^oiu which dzwrmuicii uuc philohiphei I aa4 \a viV»)t d>*cxN vc 



los Rmtmig tf MimimtHlt,<^ISfttry tf the GnO, 



[Fek 



from the pnneiplesof the ptunpm fsxejimi, 
the wifeft, as its name might almoft in« 
dicate, of the ancient (c6t<p founded by 
Potamo of Alexandria ? 

Of the obje^s which the moral and 
phyfical* world eihibit, a very few might 
claim the excluiive'attention for life of 
an unqffijiid (hident. The labours of 
othersi it is true, may be confultcd too 
touch, till implicit deference take the 
place of cautious and independent tn- 
^uiry. Here again the fearcher after 
troth mav draw no mean Icflbn from the 
little difliller of earthly ambrofia. Un- 
like the lacqueys of a fydem, the bee 
catches from tvtry flower and tvtry herb 
Its peculiar excellence ; and extra£^& from 
f^%jr$rnm ccncordia difeors what bears 
BO diQant refemblance to ihequintciTeoce 
of truth. Let us then, with a becoming 
refpe£^, perufe whatever bears the flamp 
of an original mind. Let us 'imi- 
tate and Require, if poiTible, that difcri- 
minating faculty which the divine in- 
ftioA has breathed into an infcft, that 
we alfo may be able to feaft on a hoard 
of treafured fweets, l>orrowed from the 
promifcuous heaps of others, but made 
our own by fcle6iion. 

From the difcufHons of your corre- 
fpondents, Mr. Urban, / have borrowed 
much. Would my power were equal 
to my will, that I m*ght at lead pay ho- 
ntft intcrcf^, and give fonie pledge of a 
wifii to difchar>^e the whole debt t 



Mr. Urban, Dfc lo. 

YOUR corrcfpondent Arngrimo p. 
9S3, appears to have gre^t veneration 
for the dcafi, and lirtle for the living. He 
has been frozen with horror, and burnt 
with indignation, becaufe an old monu- 
ment, whofe hiflory (eems to be un- 
known, has been difplaced, in older to 
make room for a gallery which accommo- 
date* four hundred children in the Houfe 
of God : where, but for this very gallery, 
three fourths of them would never attend, 
or attend only to di(\urb the genera] con- 
gregation. Such an apprcpriarton of 
p!a:e Arnerimo calls (lo'cifm ; and thus 
bringing thcfe poor children to church 
he conne^ls with a charge of ineligion ! 
As to the bones uf the parties whofe 
memory this memorial was meant 
{fuch is hitinan vanitv) to perpetuate, 
incy remain perfectly (ate in the original 
grave, and probihly will be Ufs liable to 
be di(luib::d hereafter, by the lo(b of their 
index. The monument too has been re- 
pajrcd, and nccapUs a more fecure and 
^w'lMc /jcuMciun, ia m cJiapel not twenty 



feet from its original fit*. ^ If thit 
for*! veneration for the veIHget of mor- 
tality be fandifled by hit beocrrolence to 
mortals, it is well ; but to me it feeoM 
doubtful, whether a manVho conld gtiad 
over the meer change of place of ||f ol4 
tomb, and not dilate a little at the caoCi 
of it, can polTefs any great ihtre of aa 
enlightened humanity. 

Yours, &c. SiijAf« 

N. B. The removal of antxent tombt 
through whim and capriece it one thtaftt 
and not to be vindicated : but when firoiii 
motives of public benefit, it is quite dif* 
ferent. And I hope that modern wifdooif 
which propofes fuch removal, fnigllC. 
always prevail over Gothic folly^ whicll 
might endeavour to obflruft it. 

Mr. Urban, Pibrumry tf. 

AS I imagine your Magazine contaioa 
more original effays m fcienoe than 
any other periodical publication, and ia 
more univerfally read by perfoot of 
fcience than anv other, I have fent yoo 
the following differtatiun on the Oauc^ 
with a defire that you will infert it in 
your Magazine ; with a hope that it ma^ 
be of ufe to many of my broths (oN 
ferers. 

I think it will appear, from the fol* 
lowing differration on the gout^ that it 
is no longer to be reckoned the ofpr§baMm 
midicorum^ and from thence that it mud 
be lcUtoQ\iacks and Empirics; but to bt 
confidered as a diforder as well tindcrflood 
as a peri pneumonic, or other tnflammatoiy 
diforder, and much better than the gf- 
ncralitv of chronical ones are, and may 
be alTifled bv the advice of the phyftcian { 
that is that the violence of the nts naay 
be abated, and their continuance Ihort* 
ened ; and alfo, that when the fit ia 
gone, ihc re:urn of another may be cither 
pi evented, or the violence of it lefiened. 
Yours, fee. P« 

AS there h no for mine a probable coq^ 
jeflurc, who ihall, or who fhill not, be 
afQi6ted wth the gout, till tt makes its 
fiiil attack, I (hall therefore, tbm^ begin 
my obfervations and enquiries. 

This attack is in fame of the jointSf 
often in the great loe or foot. The per* 
fon. jud before his feizure, appears ge* 
nerally inthe befl health and fpirits. On 
his going to bed, he is feized with great 
pains, and inflamm.ition, or rednefs, upon 
or about the pare atfe6)ed, which is exqui* 
fiicly painful, particularly on the fmaileiH 
touch. The inflam.nation oi the part ge- 
nera. ly increafes for the firft two or three 
da)& \ ^>xx >nVi2lOi \ ^>Ne\\\xk^QC the ^arta 



i»9*«3 



Difirtitdim §h the Qnd.^F4urj Rings. 



on, MidieptiB abates. Jin a day 
nvo mora i pcnpincioti of the partt 
■numccty and cbu« ^ds the fie. Dur- 
.^ aO thta dmt inflammatory fymptoms 
are PRfcoti which often beeia, as moft 
tMfcinllimmnions, by a cold, or chiU 
facaS. The urine has the fame appearance 
ai in other inflammatory dtforders ; high 
«>kHired and clear, for the fird three or 
fear days I when the crifis of the fit is 
ivefcnty it becomes turbid, and lets fall 
a fiubmenry and thus ends the inflamma« 
cary ftadium, or fit of the gout. If this 
b Its firft attack, the pcrion has little 
complaiiit, and foon rccoveit to his 
healthy ftate. If it happens to a ptrfon 
who baa been before afflitted, after a rcf- 
Mte of a day or two, another attack is 
generally made on fome other part, which 
befoK had no complaint; as the other 
mat toe or fooc This frcfli'fit takes 
me OuDC round of fymptoms as the other 
bad done before ; and, at its proper period, 
btt the fame crifis ; and goes off in the 
fame manner. After another fmall inter- 
val, if it is a perfon who has been af* 
Aided often with the gout before, an- 
other attack on fome other part or parts 
ihiy fiollow; nay, focnerimes the lame 
tocp or oiher joint, may undergo a fe- 

cond fit. 

The «boTe defcribed difealie is the firft 
ftmiimm of a gouty fit, and may be pro- 
perly called the imjiamwtatorjf. The pro- 
per method of treatment is the fame a& in 
other diforders of the fame ciafs, tMcept 
UiiSMf^ which experience has found not 
to be right or necefliiry, a pltthora being 
feldom the cafe, as the gout aitacks very 
lew perfons till they are near forty, and 
the flrength of their conOiiucion begins to 
abate. And fome eminent ph)ricians 
think it a difeafe of dcbiliiy from its be- 
beginning; though, it the whole of this 
fladiam is caretully obferTed, it muH be 
allowed to be a reguUr inflammatory 
fymtomatic tever, from il»e beginning to 
die end or cnfis. At the criHs, great 
care flioald be taken to encourage the 
perfpiranonof the goutv mattir, by cr- 
Tcringthcpartswcil with fl3ane),&c. For 
wane of this care ano cautiou, the gouty 
matter, by cold, may be prevented from 
going off in the rcguUr and natural way, 
and fo rc^crbtru:c in»o the habit, v 'tich 
if now greatly UehilitAtcd, ar..4 u-^a' !c to 
withftatid it, and l.tnce f/il t.o ijmc in- 
ternal part, not capable to force ic out- 
ward, k may be obfetvrd, rHat the gout 
atiacking! the vital parts is mod often oc* 
cafioned'by a wrong method of trcaijiienr. 
As ic hsf bcco otficrfcti, tbf 6iil ituek 



103 

of the gout goes olP geoenlly at the end 
of the firft ftadium, from fuch perfons 
who oerer had it befbre» as the perfoa 
generally Is (bong in habit, capable to 
wichfland the fecond ftadium which it 
always that of debility. On the gom^ off 
of the firft ftadium, the fecond follows in 
the following manner : the inflammation 
from the joint, or joints, beng gone, and 
with it a great part of the pain; now, 
all the mufcular parts bear their fliara 
with the joints ; the perfon isaffeded, fome- 
rimes with cold, fometimes with heat, great 
pain, aching, and forenefs,in and through- 
out all the mufcular pans, fuch as arc 
felt after being beat or bruifcd i and con* 
tinue longer or (horter, rill the remaiat 
of that gouty matter are thrown off* by 
perfpiration of the parts, or are abfurbed 
by the abforbent velTels ; and then either 
thrown off by the interior pores of the 
(kin, or carried by the lymphaticks to 
the guts or kidneys, and theredifcharged. 
When this is performed, the ptrfon, bein^; 
free of the diforder, foon recovers to his 
former flate of health ! 

As an improper mecnod of treatment 
may prove o f very bad confequence in 
the firft ftadium of the gour, fo it may 
more particularly in this fecood. The 
firft and fecond ftadium of the gour, as 
may be obferved, require quite ditferent 
treatment from each oiher { the fiift 
ftadium being fymptomatic and inflam- 
matory, whild the fecond is debility 
only, and mud be treated as fuch. This 
fecond ftadium requires cordials and opi- 
ates, with tolerable good earing and 
drinking, if the ftoniach d>ef>resit. Care 
ftiould be taken not to admit the coM air 
too loon or too freely, warmth being 
ftili required, till the greater part of the 
gou:y matter is got rid of. 

(^0 be continue J») 

Mr. UaBAN, Feb. 15. 

IH «ve neither Icifure nor inclination to 
enter into the controveafy al)Out/ii/rjr 
rings with fo much fpirit as fever al i)f 
vour corrwfpondents have done ; but oh- 
ferving how much has been laid in your 
ufeful and compfchenfive Mifcellnny up- 
on that fubjcdf, has, 1 believe, led me to 
take the more notice of % fairy ring, or 
fomething like one, that i«, a circle of 
diflereni coloured molTes inclofing afmall 
patch of gr4f>, upon the lawn in my own 
garden : and upon converfing about it 
with my gardener, we both agreed, that 
it was probably the fp^Jt where, fome 
twenty or thirty years tf^* a Uy^cm«« 
Jbfff ftoodj aa4 wbcuce iv Vxii \>tcik Tt- 



Moved. Wbcdwr dM conmiiMctdoa of ctRain that Mr. Lidddl Ut brotlicf 

tUt tbottghc mn afford any ufiififl hintt wouU have iuccetdcd kiaif' bad he bte« 

vpoB the T«h$t6(| I l«avc t» yoor better alive i but the faft it, be died Ifarch f» 

Ufonned leaden Co deiwiatBe. (77 a- What right the geodeiiiao» wba 

I am (brry and furprixed to fee aay called hirofeif Sir Henry Gcoii^e Liddell, 

mm ti ycnr conefpoadcau that liens had to she ticlc^ is more than I can 01 1 

lualelf CUrkm Sorrienfit^ (vol. LXI. he may have been grandfoa to R<^art 

aw 1176.) attempt to iuppon an article Liddeli, 4*bfon to Sir Tbomat, the mn4 

b truly ^ uotcaable** as that of our %%• Baronet ; but, fuppoliog that to be th* 

iiionr*s defbent into '* hell," hy citing the cafe, his claim could not have been nl* 

gflertioii of St. Peter, ** that lus Coul was lowed, till he had brousht fatisfadory 

Mtt-feft Hk ** Mf.^ The anoftk is there evidence that John Liddetl, alias Brighi» 

teakiiM; the linguage of the Royal and fon to Sir Henry the 3d Baronet, and 



FfalKiift (Pf. svi. 10.) f and What is the 
word he there ufcs I it it no other than 
Mnif the condition or iUte of the dead ; 
isGrttk *A^ the inriiibie ftate, the flate 
«f feparatioo of his (onl from his body ; 
wokh that do by 00 meens imply, and 
Vnr no refcvence to, a fbte of punifli- 
Meats but it your corrcfpondent will 
lefer to the learned notes ot the never- 
fo-be-fbr|;otMn Dr. Hammond upon the 
left -mentioned text, aod Pf, xHx. 14. he 



witi fiod abundant fai&fadion upon that 

point. If I mny be permitted to gire ^ 

^ y opinion, I think our trinflation of of what order foever, quatcnus tmifsl In 

hat is called the ApoAle's Creed, in coDfcqucnce of the death of this lady 



uoele to the late lord Ravenf worth, kfc 
no male iffiie ; and indeed be giuH have 
proved the (tme concerning Mr. Thomas 
Liddell, the gentleman firft mencioacd* 
It is« indeed, much to be regretted^ tb«C 
we have no mode pointed out for gentle* 
men, claimirvg to be Baronets, to m*ho 
out their claims befroe they are admiued 
to enjoy their titles, as is the cafe vritk 
the Peers of the Realm* 

P. 1236, col. 1. For Ls4fyt read />4M|r« 
Mary Knollys, the proper legal tula 
of the wives of all haroncts and knightly 



that article, is not a good one : for I 
haTe no doubt but in the Greek copies 
the word ufed was \Kh^ } and I believe 
k is ueiverfally agreed, that the I^tin 
it mpud i^firos^ not f« Gebtmnam, or any 
fimilar phrafe.: nay, Ithink thcf follow- 
ing claufq will go a £reat way toward 
fupporting my aUertion : he delccnded 
into hell— the third day be rofe again % 
from whence ? not <* from hell," but ellaccs. 
^ fjom the dead," i mortmh, anfwering 



without heirv, a very curious advertili^ 
ment appeared in the Gazette of -the 4th 
inft. from the Solicitor to the Treafury^ 
calling upon the heir of Sir Francis KaoU 
lys, who died in 1772, to make out hsa 
claim before March 4; in default where^ 
of, commitTions will be fued out of tha 
Court of Chancery, in order to put Bia 
Majedy into poflcirioo of Sir Franci^'a 
Yours, &c. £• 



to the i/ifir§s in the preceding clauCe. To James bo&WkLL, £fy* 
And if we may be allowed to reafun T) A RDON the liberty 1 take in fuggeft- 
upo.n the fubjeft, furely it cannot but JL iog the followiug trivial obfervationa 
appear Orange, to fay no more, thit the on the iecond vol. o\ your excellent :ife of 
Lord Jcfus Chrtfl, the Holy One of Dr. Johnfon (for in the firit vol. Ire- 
God, tbe fecond perfon in the Bleflcd marked noihing, Itut two falfe prints of 



Trinity, in whom there was no iin, nei* 
Iher was guile found In hit mouth, 
Ibould be doomed to take up his abode, 
chough but for part of three days, in a 
ftrfte which we are taught ro cotifider as 
p.epaicd for the devil and his angels, as 
the icceptade of all the vileft outcalts 
b<»th of heaven and earth. Surely, if 
your corrcfpondent really bear rhe cha- 
ra.'iter he has ^flamed, be mull h.ive 
thou^lit that none of your readers un- 
tltfilood Greek or Htbrew, or he never 
u-iiiid h4vc brought forward fo weak 
aord Aiperficial an aigument. 

Witn rtfpcA to the obfervacion, p. 

fsoS, Mbout thf fo€ee0br ro Lord Ra* 

ficwir^/r/i in fhi uik of Boiuocty i^ia 



Mar e^oitfiy, for t^o^nff and w^ i^iW 
for 9vi ya^ >fxi*^' * which are however 
rather lingular, as Lord Monboddo, I 
remember, in his Hittory of Languaertf 
fays, that the Scotch are peculiarly dtich* 
minating in the ufe of x and ^, which^ 

he Jays, the Erglilh are apt to negled.) 
^ P. 19. Mr. Grave?!, io his *• Recoi* 
ledtions of Shenftone," mentions the oc« 
cafion upon which Shenftone wiote tboft 
lines i but, I think, he (ays they wera 
written at Cl^-'lhoufe. 

Dr. Percy makes mtntioD of'Grairi»» 

ger, in his R^liques of Foetcyt vol- ^* 

P- 3X4r 3<^ ^^^^' where he givet the licet 

a^QUdb5 )oVit\fc4^ !^* tft. SiiOLpt. 

(Tt bi e«iikwa«4%) 



'4 



•4 



A/.'' 



3' 

*4f 



C^ ->- 



J* 




^i'^3 Arriicd Kock, «(•///■ West lulworfli. ;R/«H 



17Q2.] Hoove and Aldrington Cburches.^^Archtd Rock. 10^ 



Vr. Urban, Bngbtbe/mflonr Nrv. 1 9. 

I HAVE annexed fuch a def'cnption of 
H'KiTC am! Aidringcon (fif HlaU 1.) 
Ill can at prc'cnt obtain particulars for. 
Y'iurv &c. J. Mo'jsor. 

Hoove, by Cums fj>clled Uovk t 
HovA, lie* un ihe n»nd btrwecn Bright- 
kdnAone and NL^v■Sl.o■eham, ;iiM«ut 
ivo miiet finm the lormer, and tour 
fnini the latter. It was one of the 
piiy lordfliips in t!ie county of Suikx 
which theCi>t)C]iicroi's furvcy records 10 
Im been the eltaic of Codiuin Earl of 
Xjt/y in Kdwaiii the CorifvlFui';* tinic, 
asd which after Lis death pitfed to his 
cideft Ton H.irold, wiio Ucint^aftcrwardai 
Kinjj» was il..in by il.e Norman Duke, 
who r«:izcd his lauds ^nd gave thcni to 
his followers. L*^ng atur this time, this 
place was a» I'^'^e and as confidcrable a 
ftlfage as th^: county could bo;iri \ but it 
is reduced, by the tncroachintn: of the 
fe-i, at diflfeient times, to .ibout a dozen 
dwellings. This place gives title to a 
prebend in the cathedral of ChichcHcr; 
sod the living, whtch is a vicarjge 
npited 10 Predon, is in the gift of the 
webendary. Divine fcrviceis only per- 
lomedio ihe church once in fix weeks; 
by appeanMice of the ruimtus lUtc 
vhich ic a: prefent is, that will be 
\ entirely ncgle£lcd. 
Ald&INGTOn, by Come crilUd Al- 
BKATON» or Kloerton, is a I'null pa- 
rifts fiiuited becwceu tour and five miles 
weft of BriglithcIiiiUoney on the road be- 
tween that place and New ShorvlMm, 
from which it is (iiftant two or ti;ree 
nilcs. Iti church has long been in the 
fame llaieit now appears. The living is 
a re£lory ; and as ihe whole parifli docs 
sot contain a tingle dwelling, cctife 
Quently there is n<> catc of louls. This 
p'ace was famous in ancient times. The 
jfortu* Adurnij at the mouth of the river 
Adur, was liruatcd in this panfli; though 
It is CTidenr that it has been long choak> 
cd up with fand and gravel, which tiie 
high tides have at didercnt pciicjcis 
driven up. This, added to the in-.prove- 
ments made in the Harbour ot Ncw- 
Shoreham, has entirely diverted the 
courfe of the Adur, which now empties 
itfclf into the lea from a different pa- 
n(h* Whatever feme antiquaries may 
lay to the contrary, the Partus Adurni^ 
vrhcre, when the feas fw armed with 
Sixon pirates, the Band of Expioratores 
under the Roman Emperors took their 
flation. Was ruua(ed here. This is 
clear from the village which (iiJl retains 
Ihe UMwe of Ponhade, or, *way to tke 
Ftr/, which iic$ in a valley that opens 
Geh t. Ma g. Ff^rmar/f m'^z. 



towards the Tea, and between this and 
Portflade is the pnrifli of Aldrington. 

In thetime of King Alfted, Aldring- 
ton was a fmall viU^g*^. which he granted 
to Ills youneer f<<n ; bccaufe, tlie (hore 
being lowtT h'.re rhan in my part of the 
ncijiiibouring con!!, a !anding-place was 
e^Iilv formed. In the reign of King- 
IKniy Vni. it is I'lid, that the French 
mide a dclc^nt upon ihiii coal>, burnt 
fcvcr.il cottages here and in the neigh- 
bourhood, and rnva^ed the aiijoining ■ 
villager, befoic our foldieis cou!d arrive, 
to flop their progrcfs, and force them to 
re-imbark. We find, that in the 29th 
of Henry VI. the manor of tiii> place 
was part of tlie e'.iatc- of Reginald IVfftf 
Lord Dt'la ff^at r, fwr he then died fcifcd 
of ir, leaving it, an.ong other eliatcs, to 
Rictui'd his Ton ;ind lieir. It (ame fome 
time ayo into the hinds of the ancellors 
o: the Duke of Duifirt, who is the pre- 
lent poli'tlVor. Mr. Fuller is pofleflcd of 
a pait ot the freehold ; and the prefent 
fanners are Mr. Dver and Mr. Hard- 
wick. The re£lor is the Kev. Mr. 
D.ighton ; but L ciunotleafn wlio is the 
true patron of the living. J. M. 

Mr. Urban, Oxon^ No-v. 16. 

BEING n.iturally fond ot the v;iPi and 
lingular works of Niture, I was 
lately niurh ftruck with the light of a 
curious arched rock on the coUt of Dor- 
fetfliire, diltant about two miles fiom 
Well Lulwoiih \ cf which the i'lclofed 
(kcteh (ji^, 3.) is an accui.ite reprefcn- 
t.ttion. This rock projc<f.ls eonfiJerably 
into the lea» one part bting joined to 
ti;e Lmd, the other lifing f.oin the water, 
as cxpiefTfd in the drawing. Though 
1 do not fuppole that tlie curve of the 
arch \* above 15 or 20 feet in height (I 
am lorry that i had no mei^ns of afcer- 
taming the diiuciiiions), yet the wtiole 
forms H noble exinljiiion. if you (hould 
think this Ihou delciiption and lepre- 
leniation of to curious an obje£t worthy 
inleition, 1 Hjttcr myfelf that it mny 
contribute to the cnteitaKinirnt of ibme 
of your readers. Nio:>TlVAGUS. 

Mr. Urban, CornwaU, Jan, 28. 

iF any of your numerous correl'pon- 
dents will tell us why the woodcocks 
are found in the Sciily liLinds, which 
pre 20 miles wcli of the welitrnmoli part 
o^ this county, where they hive aligiued 
lu fiocks, fo tiied and tame as to walk 
about like domellick fowls, before they 
arc obfcived in ai\^ oi\\eT ^au o\ vNxt 
county i they v»\Vl o^Vi^t ^out cv^fv^«v\ 
ceider, CV. 



lo6 Burke «gmMft Borke, N; I, 

BdXXE ««t»>f BUKKE. No. I. 



[Feb. 



^ A plagno of opinion f a man may wear it 
OD both fidef , like a leathern jerkin." 

SUAKSPIARX. 

Mr. Urban, Dee, ao. 

YOUR well>known impartiality ren- 
ders it need left for me to fnlicit 
the infertion of the fucceeding ftrifluret 
on a fubjed ftarted in fome of your late 
Magaxioet. I allude to the letters in 
which it is attempted to vindicate ** Mr. 
Burke from the charge of incon/iJIeHey in 
bit political opinioot'." Had your 
correfpondent expatiated on Mr. Burke'a 
fplcndi ) talents and wide-ex(end«d 
knowledge, or had he applied to him, 
when he fat down to compose his invec- 
tives againft the French Revolution^ 
what was faid of Cz<ar when he march- 
ed an army toward Rome, that bt eame 
provuitel njuilb avtry ibimg exee^tifg m 
g9o4 emmfe^ I for one Ihould have^ordi- 
ally acquiefced m rhe obfervation. But 
where is the man who accords with 
W. K. when he fancies it to be ** xa 
d^cuU vfee to clear him from the charge 
of inconfiflency * ?" 

This ^celebrated orator, anticipating 
this reproach, tells us he is ** one who 
mti^s t9 prefer ve eonfifiency^ but t^bo 
would preferve confiftency by n/aryln^ 
kit memns ufeeure tbe Httity $f bis emd^?* 
And, in his tare Appeal^ he accufes thofe 
friends who declared liim *' guilty of a 
dereliQion of opinions," and whorhere- 
fore renounced him, that they would 
not '^ diftinguilh between a dijference i« 
cwnJufff under a variation of circum- 
ilanceti and mm inconfifitney •/ princi' 
fU^** Their dulnefs is not wonderful. 
If tbefe apologies be fufficient, what re- 
jiegado may not be juAified } The Em- 
peror Julian, no doubt, *' wi(htd to 
preferve conftflency j" but, " by vary. 
log his means to (ecure the unity eti his 
end," he has unfortunately been, by the 

general fenfc of mankind, emphitically 
randed with the ignominious appella- 
tion of the mp^fiate. Nor can it be de- 
nied that there was in Ainold « a dif- 
ference of cundu£t under a variation of 
circum(l<incts" during the American 
war; yet this upright charadcr, in an 
addrefs immediately on his dcfertion, 
aifured his ovunttymcn, as Mr. Burke 
alTures us, that there was not any jull 
ground to impeach his eon^eniy §/ 
pmrneiplel Do not thefe exculpatory pa- 
ragraphs contain in tStSt an avowal 

' Vol LXl. pw 79a. » lb, p. loia. 



from Mr. Burke himfelf, that he hat 
abandoned the political do^lrioea be 
had before given to the world ? After 
this confeflion, I muft own. Sir, 1 did 
not expe£^ to meet with any one hardf 
enough to unclerrake " ro prove h't con* 
fiftency of opinion in matters of govero* 
mcnt and politicks, in every period, 
and under every circumfiance of hit 
public life s.»» 

The method your correfpondcBt bat 
taken to fulfil this arduous ufk, affbfdt 
fo little fatisfaaion (if I may judge of 
others by myfelf ), that 1 (hall purfue a 
courfe direaiy contrary. He has thought 
it enough to produce quotations on one 
fide of the tjucftion, and has not placed 
one paflage againft another, to (hew 
that, there is, in U6k, that identity be 
would have us believe between the po« 
fitions of Mr. Burke in former days, 
and his late political cflfufions. Were ic 
polfible, and this gentleman had done 
fo, he might have defied the power of 
argument. His readers, (o foon as they 
had fatisficd themCclvcs that hisextradt 
were faithful, muft have been convinc* 
ed. Ai it is, I frequently am much at 
a lofs to gutls the application of the 
quoiaiions from Mr. Burke's earlier 
works to his recent publications. That 
this obje^ion may be obviated on my 

fart, 1 will. Sir, contrafl every feuience 
bring forward with its oppofitc, fo ihaC 
1 cannot but carry couvi6bon of this 
truth home to the hearts of all, that Mr. 
Burke is no li>nger infpifcd by the fame 
(oul as when he p eadcd the cauft of 
American freedom, or denounced to the 
world the Wiougs of A^\a, 

To begin with his opinion of an ari- 
Aocraticai fyflem of government, pub* 
iiihed foon after the commencement of 
his public life. At this period, he wat 
no friend to ariflocracy, m the fenfe at 
lead in which that word is ufually un« 
derftood. If it were not (he added) a 
bad hikbit to mootcaics on the fuppofed 
ruin of the Conftitution, I fb9uld b4 jrtg 
/# declare, that, tf it mufi penjb, I nuouU 
ratber by far fee it ref$lved /«/• e^my 
etber form than lofl in tbat aufier* and 
infoUnt domtnatten^ ," wbffe, in his Rem 
fliXiOnSf he dt»es not hefitateto hold out 
tbe Reputflnk of Berne *• as one of the 
happiefi, the moft piofperous, and tbe 
beft-governed countries upon earth V* 



5 Vol, LXI. p. 792. 

^ Thoughts on tlie Caufe of tbe prefent 
Difcoocents, p. ag, 8vo, ad edit. 



179^»] Burke egainft Burke, N». /• XO7 

What tlic ffvveniinefit of that Cunton it that the imdireS fcmaer of the king is 
will appear, beyond difpute, by the fbl- great tutted. Read hit words : «' I am 
lowing obfenrationi in Mr Coxe*sTra- far from Aire that a King of Great Bri* 
velt in Switzerland. According to this tain doet not poflefs a more real, folid', 
vriter, ''the authority with which the extenfive power, . than the King of 
Oreat Council [in Berne*] it invcAed, France was poiTcfled of before thii mi- 
it, in fome refpef^s, ttimojl ahfolutgand ferablc Rerolutton. The direct power 
U9cemir§uled of mny amo^g tbi arijiocra* of the King of England is confidcrablc t 
tkai Stain §f Swi tKfrlati J -^It it re- his indirtB, amd far m^rt ctr tain po^MftTf 
ftrained by no coiflitutional thtck — A is great indeed ^ I** 
general afTembly of the people it never Not to trefpafs too much at once on 
convened on anv f^ccaHon.— The pene* your patience, the confideration, wfae- 
ral form of rhe Conftitution is entirely ther Mr. Burke has alwayt thought the 
giri0§ermtieal','* f^nne refpe^i due to the Sovereign, fhali 
80 much. Sir, for Mr. Burke't uni- be the only point bcfide I will trouble 
finrmiry of opinion with regard toarifto- you with in this Number. Allow me 
cracy. Let ut now fee whether he h^s, to promife that, if I were to catch at 
in his late writin>!$, been true to the any thing which had fallen from him, 
principles with which, in his better and which he had not afterward fent 
days, he enforced, with alt the elo« abroad in form, it might, 1 think, fair- 
<)uence of indignation and truth, the ly be obje£^ed to me, that it was uncan* 
AecefTity of <*a plan for the better fecu- did to faften on exprefHons into which 
jity of the independence of Parliament." he had been hurried by the ardour of 
By a fpeech of his we learn, that "what debate. I will nor, therefore, avail 
was then uppermod with him, what he myfelf of feveral (allies which might be 
bent the whole force of his mind to, was invidiouily revived, but wilt, through* 
the redu£lion of that corrupt influence, out, confine myfelf to the perfoimancet 
which it itfelf the perennial fpring of all he has deliberately publiflitd. 
prodigality, and of all diforder; which This gentleman, Mr. Urban, in hit 
loads us more than millions of debt; place as a member of Parliament, once 
which takes away vigour from our arms, told his fellow'Tubjef^s, and aflumed it 
wifdom from our councils, and every as a principle on which it was the duty 
ibadow 6f authority and credit from the of the Commons of Great Britain to a^ 
mNft venerable parts of our Conftitu- in the exercife of their funAions, that 
fioD*." His fcntiments on this head muft •* kin^s are naiurallj Uvers »f hiv torn- 
have undergone a great change, fince it pany^,** Now is he fo tremblingly alivt 
is brought forward, in his Letter to a to every appearance of a (light of roya* 
Klember of the National Aflcmbly, as atty, thnt when Dr. Price, adopting the 
one inOance of the (uperiority of our language of Jamet from the thrones, 
ConftitutioD over that of the French, obferved, that ** kings (hould con6der 

themfelves 

* Lett. 56 As an authority in a matter of fadly this gentleman may undoubtedly be relied 
on wrhfafety. But why did Mr. Coke difgrace his Travels with the courtly cant (I cannot 
call it argument) againft a reform of the prcfent fophifticated ftate of nrprefentation among 
tis ? (Sec Lett. 84). A topick t'lere not lefs milplaccd, to ufe the mildeft tci-m, than Mr* 
Paley's wretched defience of u hat lie confeffes to he the i6«^ reprereniation of the Commons 
of fcngbnd, and his traih in praife of giving and receiving bribes to influence votes in Par- 
lixmeot, in a w'*>i k of Moral Philofnphy. I do not, however, charge Mr. Coxe with the 
lligtiteft iramfilttncy : for the writar uho, like him, can commend as *• judicious and ffi'^ 
tittdccmdnff* ( ee lis I ravels, vol IV. p. 87, cd. I7JJ7>) the indireft males which en- 
abled the King <jf Sucicn to ovenhrow :he Conflitution of that country, to think well of 
Che venal Worooghs >n \\\\s ifland, i» furely very coofiilcnt. Who is furprized that tlie nun, 
who can f|)e«tk thus lightly of ihe lots of the libeities of a whole people, (hould thruft him- 
iclf forward the o(fici<>u<; advocate f(»r the continuance of ;ibufcs which violate the fir(^ priti- 
dples of a free government ? * Si>cech on prefer.ting his Rtform-bill, 1780, p. i. 

I P 67, 4th edit. ^ S|>eech on his Reform- htll, p. 68. 

i It is well worthy remark that Jaroe^J — he who thought fo highly ijf his prerogative as to 
declare to 'lie Parli-tment. m a peremptory tone, that ** it was (Muion in fubje^s to difcoit 
what a king miy do in the height <>f his power"^madtt ufe of much ftronger languajss thms 
that wh:ch is fo oienfive to Mr. Burke. His words are : '< th.it 1 am a ftrvant is molt tnis 
**1 will never he afhamed to confefs it my frincifal honour to he thl orfat sb ft van t o r 
T«« couuoHWMALTH.' Mjrch 12, 160J, Jour. Lam. 1. 145. IVal XY« tcivcv^ ^ "^t^* 
M^ftnke^ tisa AkkJar for tlte iiarodiuaj diymt right of the SluaitSi mik viA^ >cv^\iJt 



»,1q8 PUafant Expirimini in GarJening. — StaSbrdlhire ^erUf: [Fch» \ 

themfeWes as more properly ibeftrvants ] had long entertained, qfi%, that a mul* 

than the foveieigns of their people," tipiicity of queries would remain unan- > 

Mr. Burke Fcprehendshim for ufing **a fwcred, when a few particular onei 

flippant vain difcourfe*." apd waftcs mi^ht have the defiied efFcft. He, 

two or three p<)ges inexprcfTine difplea- therefore, has introduced a lefs number 

fure at his employing a phrafe vvhich he than he prtviouflv inferred ; and I will, 

afrc£^s to trtat as a difrefpt^ful attack with vour permiili >n. follow this latter 

of Majefty. '* Such divinity doth hedge eiample, and requed the attention of 

a king." How chanc'^d from him who your Siaflfordfhire correfpondents, and 

propofcd, that '' the kinjt;*s tables Hiould the curious in general, to the following 

be contraEitd for by the bead Qr c^Vfr*!** fubjefls, which would greatly facilitaii 

In other words, that the fovcreign, the my intended hiftory of that county, 
blood-ioyal, ,and the nobility about I. What is the opinion of the I^anu 

their perfons, (hould be provided for cd rcfpt-fting the original inhabitants of 

with the fame fordid oeconomy as the Scoffordfliire, denominated by Camdea . 

paupers in a parifli workhoufe I the Cornavii; b) PKirr, the Iceni; aikl 

Your*s, &c. Tekeli. by Mr. Whitaker, the Oidoviccs, in * 

— - — his very excellent Hlflr.ry of Manchef- 

Mr. Urban, Batb, Nov. 14. ter, a 'work that defcrves the higheft 

THE following communication is encomiums for its deep invelUfratioat 

fubmitted to the lovers of gaiden- into the anti<;nt Hate of B.itain and Ro* 

ing, and thofe fond oF dtcoraiing their min Britain. 

rooms at this gloomy fcafon with a plant Where is the original MS. of Erdc/* 

rarely fctn in blolf'm at this rime. In «vick, \»hich Mr. Gough, m his Bi'tiOi 

m fmall greenhoufe which I have, nn Toi)ography, vol. II. p. 229, favs was, 

orange-tree (hewed late in the autumn in Wood's time, in the h.'.ndsof Wa!:er 

about twenty buds, which were rcma»^k- Chetwvnd, of Inj^ellrcc, efq. who was 

ably flow m their progrcfs to ptrtc£\ion; himfclf long eng,'»'.'^d in the famede*- 

thinking thev might be checked by the fi^^n, but did not live to complcat it? 

coldncfs pf the ni|5hts,,it wbs placed in This copy has, 1 believe, been frc- 

an apartment adjoining to one which qucnrly fought for in vain in the library 

had a conHant fire, and on a table near a: IngeOre. 

a window to ihr South. Continuing in l he fiifl draught of a furvey of Pire* 

the fame ftate, I was adviJcd to pl^ce a ti/l hundred bv Mr. Chtiwvnd, noc 

tea urn full of bvyiliog vvater at the dif- quite tiniflicd, with a collection of fair 

tanceof a couple of yards from it, which diawin^^s of all the .nonuments, &c.&c. 

anfwertd in a vsondcrful manner, as, in two foh'-»$ of dcc!$, &c. for the f^id 

the courfe of a few hours, the buc't gra- hundred are mentioned in the catalogue 

dually unfolded, and emitted their ufual of his library, Cat. MSS Ang. part II. 

arcxmatic froell. The next and fuc- p. 105 1 ihould Le glad to receive any 

cecding days the fan»e plan was purfued, information refpc^iug this Colle6iion. 
and other flowcis appeared, till the The Rev. Dr. Wilkes, of Willen- 

be^utiful little tree had nearly as many hall, had confidcrablc colleftions. which 

buds as leave?, and the fragrance be- afterwards fell into the hands of the 

came fo powerful I was under the ne- Rev. Thomas F:e de, of Biewfod, «vhQ 

ccffity of moving it to a di(\ant part of circulated Propoljls to publilli theia 

the hpufe. John Elderton. wiih additions. Th'sdchgn being never 

executed, I wilh to know what becape 

Mr. Urban, Hart/bom, Jan. 23. of tbcfe MSS, and whether Mr. Fieldc 

I OBSERVE vol. LXI. p. 1207, that really cariied them abroad, as faid by 

the ingenious Hiltonan of Devon Mr. Gough, ut fupra, p. 240. 
confirms bv experience an opinio:: that In vour Mig .zine. vol LI II. p. 144. 

any democratic bias cannot he fufpefteiJ. lit maintains the fame opinion in the fame worJls. 
** In abfolntc governments (lays he) all public frrvice is totlie piince, aiiU he nominates 41 
thofe who fervc the publick. In free governments there is a tliilind^ion, and a princinal 
fervice due to the State. Even the king of Jucb a limited monarchy a* curs ii but THE FluST 

. izavAVT OF THX PEOPLE." Of thc Study of Hiltory, Lett. 5. Ainl could any rraiter 
of Gibbon, however loyal, where thc accomplilhed iliftorian mcnrioas wi:b approhaiioa 
'' the people's aflertion of their indefeazible right of chufing, depofing, and pumlhmg, tbc 
htrtJitaty Jervant of tbe State,** ever feel indignation, as if this language contained a wautua 

M/if/f an MajeAy f But '' jji fecmi yellow to the ja'indtc'd eye." 
^ Hedexiotts, ice, p. 40. ' Speech on R«W(ta-b^\, |^. ^ 



1792«] Private' Charities at Bath, — ^Morrifian Afifcellanj. lof 

and Tol. LX. p* jot, k is faid that Je* pen in a city almoft doubled in magni- 

itnT Taylor, ** one, whofe fupcriority tude within thefc few yean, Mr. T. 

left Eovy ar too fjcAi a dtftancc to aim propofcd that his lady (hould (ing an 

in ftaftt,'* ftudicd fome time at Maid- anthem, and exercife her vocal and in* 

Itf'kil/, near Tamworth, now (17^3) ftrumental powers, in the parifli church, 

Wloii|;iog Cm Lord Weymouth. Having in order to begin i'o neceflary a charity ; 

fearched for this place in v«in m the vt- and, though it was on the fame morn* 

dotty of Tamworthy I fufpe^l there ing and hour in which Madame Mara 

mnfi be a mifiake as to the friicttion of fung at the public rooms, enough was 

Mmdlef'til/^ and thir it is either con- received at the church door to furnifli tL 

fMiodc«I with Mae/tUr, in the Noich houfe, taken for the purpofe, with 

part of the counrv, i)r Timwonh with beds, &c. to receive the unfortunate 

TuntMr:h, in Warwukihire*. patients ; fo that, in'fa£V, Mrs. T. if 

Youi^, &c. S. Shaw. the found refs of this excellent charity. 

— — — — Now would any one believe (yet I am 

Mr. Urban, Batb. yan. $0, well informed it is true) chatMrs.T.fene 

TO render a^s of benevolence and her guinea to the prefitnt managers, and 

cl)ari:y, had we cniultcd the late offered 10 feeond her firft fuccefsful ef- 

■Mr. H»*ward^ he would, 1 fancy, have forts by a repetition of them in the fame 

frid there is but one (Iraigiit road to church; a circumfiance that could not* 

porfue. Here, at Bath, it Ictms they have failed producing a conGdcrable 

think rtthcrwife, an»l tharitici are ma- fum of money, as her powers are no 

aaged ai if it were «ho lhou!d prcfide w^y impaired (ince (he did fct on foot 

uMafter of the Ceremonies at the Up- fo excellent a beginning; yet that offer 

per or Lower Rooms. ^was rtjeS!ed with an intinite number o£ 

In order to f>-<re the condu6^ of two civil words and idle excufes ! It is hop* 

private charities a: Bath (for the Gene- ed, however, that the unknown motives ' 

ral Hofpital plan ik well known), it is of the rcfufal was not in hopes to have 

BccelTary to fay, that the Pauper and the it forgotten that SHE, not they, laid 

Cafualty hofpitats are conduced by a the foundation-flone of fo excellent a 

junto of gentlenr.rn, inhabitants of the charity. Yours, &c. A. B. 

city. The firft find thtir patients advice — ■ - 

and n«edtcinc gratis, but neither food, Morrisian Miscellany, 

raiment, norhrc: in the latter, all who Cardigan Weddings. 

fuflfcr by actidtistsarc rtcciveu inftantly, (Coiitint/fd /fom vol, LXL p» 1 103.^ 

and arc foioifhcd with every comfort ** A RF£R y Gwahoddwr yw hyo; 
and afTili^ntc \\\\\ pcoj>le under fuch Xx yn fwyii ac yn dyuluaidd^ yn oi 

Dnhap{^v circunilK:iCfS can require; and yr hen tidcJavil, yr wy'n gwahawdd 

both thcie ch.irities are ^f/0/v/'./A<i njoitb pawb yn ci^ ilys, ac o baetu i'9 llys; 

thfworld \ the fuO, 1 think, lus fevcn yn wr, yn vvrjig, ac yn blani; yn wei- 

hundrid pounds in hnnd, the latter (ion, a niorwynion, o'r mwyaf byd y 

four. N<'W, tu anv icalonible man, lleiaf, i Briorlas Einion Owriin a Llio 

cxr?p; to the Mnna<{crs of tUe Cafualty K!is. Dacd y gwragedd a'u rhoddion 

condu£lors, it Teems tr> t>e a judicious o wilys eu calon ; oni bydd geny^ ua 

plan 10 unite thefe two charities; and col'yn mawr, dygw^ ddau gofyn I>y9an, 

prcpofals more than on'.e iiave been a phridden fawr a ymenyn—- Duwg^^wo 

fn.ide by the Pauper chnrity condu^^ors mam yr enwyn — Dovv^ yno'n fore, 

lb<o do, but without ctl«6t ; nay, with- ccw^ fw}d yn rhodd, a diod yn rhad, a 

otit even returning a civil anfwerl and digon o*r miw/ifr^ o's ceir o'r Amwy- 

thetwo rK/jir^^ffatz/rjare upon thceveof tliig ; yflclion, cadeiriau, a phob cy- 

decUring war. Such is the pride of fryw feigiau, a phyfgawd o*s gatlwn eu 

man, that even the bell of his anions dal. — Don' nhwytiiau atc^ ^withau ar j 

cannot (ubdue his haughty foul even in galwad cyntaf." 

the moft humble lines of benevolence ! '* The cuflom of the Bidder is this s 

Another circumOance relative to the with k.indnefs and hofpitality, ngrccable 

Cafualty .chanty muft not be omitted, tu the old ufage, L invite ail ttiat are 

Co confiim the trut!) of the above ob.'cr> within your manfion, and round your 

TatioD. It fcems that, in a convcrfa- ntanlion : as well hufoand and wife, and 

lion between the Rev. Mr. S. and Mr. children ; as well men*fervants and 

P. T. ab«>ut three years iincc, relative maid-fervants, fri>m the grcateft to the 

to a chanty ro /tcrii'e //i/?wnt/y fuch SLt Icaft, to the matii^^^o^ t^xuxo^Owjt.^ 

futforcd by accidents, wtiich daily iiap- and Llio EUis» Lu^ v\vft vi\Nt\ "cwci^ 



ftO 



Monifiifi Mjeillintf.*^zfiigkn Wiiiingt. [Feb. 



tlieir preftatf with good-will; if you 
ihould n«t hAvc a large cheefe, bring 
two fmall ones, with a large pot of but- 
ter—God preferre the ir other of the 
nilk-^ome there earlv, you fliall have 
tidoalt freely, and driBK cheap, and 
plenty of mufick, if it can be had from 
Sbrcwlbary \ Oooli, chairs, and all fuch 
indolgenciet/ and fiOi if we can catch 
them.— They will atfo come to you on 
the firft call.^ 

This Gmomh%ddv9r^ or Bidder, has 
eight or ten ftillings for hit troublr , or 
according to the trouble he has, and ex- 
tent of ground he goes. If the parties 
are fome of tbe richer fort, as f'ons and 
daughters of confiderable freeholders, 
they fend by this G'wahoddwtr. circular 
letters of invitation in Englilh. The 
Ibllowing is a true copy of one of them, 
written probably by the parfon of the 
parifli t 

" Sir, my daughter's wedding-day is 
appointed to be on Saturday, the i4.th 
day of Auguft next, at Eglnvjs Ntnnydd\ 
at which time and place 1 humbly beg ' 
the favour of your good company ( and 
vi4iat farther benevolence you'll be 

geafed to confer upon her (hall be grare- 
llv retaliated by me, who am, Sir, &c." 

The prefents carried by the good wo* 
men to the Pw^i and Gnvreg^ys are 
eheefe and butter, befides fometimes a 
Ihilliog, or two, or three, in moaey, 
lad even to a guinea ; two or three, if 
people of credit I the quantity being 
carefully fet down on paper by a perfbn 
employed for that purpofe (the clerk of 
the wedding:). And thefe prefents are 
to be repaid, when demanded, in the 
fame public manner ; and, upon refufal, 
recoverable by law, which is frequently 
done. 

Some perfons, who have no thoughts 
of marrying, 'have made counterfeit or 
feigned nuptiaIs,no call in all rhe mo- 
ney and 'goods they have laid out in this 
manner, and whiih have been always 
paid them ; or they have made a prefent 
to fome poor friend's wedding of this 
Pmfrs a G*wregjSp money, checle, but- 
ter» fee. 

Saturday, as was faid before, being 
the wedding-day, the friends of the 
men come all on horfeback, to the num- 
ber fometimes of eighty or an hundred, 
to bis houfe ; and have bread and cheefe, 
and a mug of ale each at hii coft : and 
there they make their prefents, or pay 
Pwyibpti. And out of them they pick 
about eight or ten, orfometimea twenty, 
mi tha beft mounted, ip f o to the in- 



tended bride's houfe, to demand her in 
marriage. The woman is there, with 
her friends attending on her, expeAing 
the fummons, and ready to be mounted 
as well as they can. Sometimes there 
are eighty, or an hundred, or two hun- 
dred of them too, having paid their 
preff^s,.6r Pwytbom, there: but take 
notiol^ the woman is not to be got pof<« 
fellion of without much trouble and ar- 
gument, in Welih poetry, fometimes 
for hours together. 

1 have feen papers containing fome 
fcores of what they call verfes pro and 
C9ti on this occafion ; and they have 
men, whom theyeall poets, who mni^e 
thefe verfes extempore. The Lord have 
mercy on fuch poets ! 

In thefe they demand the girl as a 
promifed wife, and abufe one another to 
all intents and purpofcs, one party with- 
in the houfe, and the other nut of doors, 
to the great diverfion of the company, 
each fide extolling che wit of their poets. 

Some of the verfes follow here that 
are f[|>oken at the door of the intended 
bride by the fevcral perfons cbofen to 
demand the woman of her father, all on 
horfeback, with their hats off when 
they dtliver their orations) and tlieir 
anfwers are by the perfons appointed for 
that purpofe. At lafl the father ap- 
pears, and welcomes his new guefls, 
when they have admittance after a long 
dirputet they alight and walk in, and 
are deiired to fit down to a cold colla- 
tion, and they proceed to church as bc- 
forementioned. 

Thi« poetiral difpute fometimes pro- 
duces a quarrel, which is determined in 
their way to church by boxing or cud- 
geling. In the mean time, while this 
difpute holds, the girl makes great 
moans and lamentations; and, if fbe 
can counterfeit tears and tearing of hair, 
it is reckoned a merit. At lafV, the 
man's poets having carried the day, the 
girl yields, complaining of her hard 
fate; and up.fhe is mounted behind her 
father, or brother, or fome friend, on 
the ablefV, fwiftelt horfe that they can 
procure. Here again the poor intended 
hridegroom runs a feemm^! hazard of 
lofing his intended bride. Her friends 
pretend, as foon as (he is mounted, to 
run away with her from the company, 
and ride at all adventures like road 
folks,- they do notcnre whither \ and it 
is very common to have legs and arms 
broken on this occafion. At lafl, either 
the double horfe is tired, or the bride 
thinkf the time long a-coming, (be cen- 

(cntf 



Ikmn to go with thtm quietly, except a '* Btefled are the ted which^ In Che 
frw lUne of endeavouring te turn out " Lord, for they reft from thyr labon. 
of the road now and then, when a fair APO. CAP. XIV. 



opportnniiv offers, until they get to 
church. The ceremony in church be- 
lag over, all the company join, and re- 
turn to the married couple's houfe, ge- 
nerally themao*s houfe, and^atoffome 



I often vvifli to know fomething more 
of the family ; but can learn nothing 
farther hcic than that they are mea« 
tinned in a rcri>c6lable manner tn foroe 
old writings, which I have £een> and 



cold collation at freecoft, blit |^for that the prclcnt old manor houfe was 

their drink; wheic fome of the compa- their maniioo, and I prcfume was ei- 

i»y like it fo well chat they (lay till next ther built or re-cdificd by the above* 

lUy, or while a dropof dtink lafts. On mentioned Anthony BulUrd, Efq. at 

this occafion three or four London quar- the initials of his name are found upon 

tcrs of malr is brewed, or according as fQ^t of the old wood woik of the indde 

the company is. Sunday bcinir c««ne, p^,t of the building. There is alfo a 



the biide and bridegiooin's bufindi is, 
to fit down ail day and receive good- 
will and P<vythcm', This day is called 
Neitbior, The Pwytbon are the prcfenis 
they have made at others' weddings re* 
paid. They receive more money this 
day than Saturday ; and all are written 



beautiful old monumental paiacing near 
the aforefnid monument, upon oak pan- 
ivel, in a good Hate oF prcftrvation, with 
the following infcnption beneath : 

Tnis is ilic reprefentation of Thomai 
Moke, GenC who d<fccafej the »d «»f Jan- 
1586, and of Ma* IK his wife, daughter to 



down as before, whether freih prefcncs, ;^nthony BuftarJ, Efq. who caufcd this mo- 
or thofe repaid j and by Monday morn- numciit to be made in teflimonie aiul ceruin 
sng the drink is generally exhaufttd; bclectc of the refurreAion of their bodiei 
snd then, or loon after, the cbetie is which are laid hereby, 
fold, which brings in a round fum of j ^^j^ j ^^^| jj^^ gn^j talent to do 
oioney. Sometimes 30I. or 40I. ii col- .. • - u 
leaked this way in monev 

butter, to the great benefit or m yuuug ^^^^ 

couple, who had not otherwile fcarcc a ^^ ^ ^^^^^^ devices, are very 6ne, and I 

penny to begin the world with. Tnc ^^^^^^ convey an adequate idea of it in 

following Sunday fevcra!, or moll of the ^ ^^^^^^ defcription. As I occupy the 

company, attend the young couple 10 ^j^ ^^^^^^ ^^^ ^j^^ f3^,ly f^at in the 

church, by way of compliment; XX htrc ^^^^^^i which indoles the abovcfoid 



in A rounu luiu tn j ^^j^ j ^^^| ^^^^ J^J^^ talent to dO 

30I. or4ol.is col- .^^.^^ ^^ j^ ^^j^j^ ,j,y p^„gj|^ I would 

monev, cheefe, and ^.^^^ ^^^ ^ ^ ^^ ^^^ pcrfoniget rc* 

benefit of a young p^cfcnted thereon,. as well as the amt 



each fpends fix- pence or a fhilling 
at fome friend's houle; and then it 
is reckoned that tucy arc mairicd to all 
intents and purpolcs, and not to be di- 
vided but by death. 

(T(> bt continued,) 

Mr. Urban, Adder bury, Sept. 10. 

AMONG the monumentdl remains 
in the venerable parilh church at 



monuments, xvhilft 1 look back to the 
limes when they lived, 1 view thcia 
with a loit of reverence, and cannot 
help ihinkinj; it roracthing like a duty 
incumbent upon me to preferve them: 
accordingly, the other day I had the 
painting deancd and frame repaired, 
and alfo let faft fome columns which 
fupport the pediment part of the old 
monument, which wtre in danger of 



longed to the Bustards, who were 
ooce a very refpcttable family heie, and 
Lords of the Maour. The inicription 
it as follows : 

Nccre onto this tombe licth buried the bo- 
diesof John Bostabo, Efquicr, and Eli- 



may be inferttd, as it heic ftands, in coo- 
jun^ion with the leH. 

Ah ! what the envieJ gauJy pageants now, 
Or all the honours which by men^were 
g.we. 



. ^^^ i^^l^^'^.'^^^.'^l^^^^^ To thofe Xho here in ihapelefsduft below, 

:;;LVo"An!l ^Burd^i^::nd^yrV;f m undUturb^ ..pofe poffels the grave I 



the fcid John, wlndi Jolm had by the feul 
ElizsdietheXVII. Children, and the feid An- 
loni, by the feid Jane Xi. childien, and the 
ieid John died A. D. I5M» «'^e ^'='** ^'''i* 
tebe A« 15171 and the feid Jane A. 1500. 



Yet ft ill preferv'd by thofe memorials nigh, 
I heir venerable names command refpeck 1 

Nor can 1 pafs the ancient recoids by. 
And fee tkem fall to ruin through neglect 

For 



1 laV * Boftirdt ^ Addcrbory ? — IJland of St. l>omingo. [Feb. 



For ooce tbey Hv'd and trod the ptacefiil 
fcenes, 
Where Prov'ulencc decrees my daily toil ; 
But Through the period long that intervenes, 
Alas ! their charms to time have fali'n a 
fpoil. 

Yes, once they liv*d the guanliansof the place, 
The vilta^^e poor in them kind patrons 
fotmd ; 
lmn;jin.ition now would fondly trace 

How gay their num'rous ofispring' fmii*d 
around. 

Num'rous indeed } and lives there none tliat 
bears 
Theonce refpe^ed Buftard's ancient name ? 
If not, awhile IMl guard the ftone that rears 

To late poflerity their virtuous ^me. 
So may tlieir gentle guardian fpiiits blefs 
Tlic peaceful dwelling where they eril re< 
pos\l ! [drefs. 

Some h.iii(' with frefh green indsthe hillock 
Wheic reft my hones when long my eyes 
are cIosM ! 

If any of your correfpoodcntf, Mr. 
Urban, could give me any information 
refpeding this ancient famih, it would 
be eflcemed a favoui by your conftapt 
reader, T. Woolston. 

P. S. Upon a bnfs plate on an old 
tonibiione in the afoicfaid chuich is this 
infcripti-n : 

Heere lycth Jane Smith, fumtymc the 
wyf of George Smith of Adderbury, the 
vihich ilyed tbe XXXth d.iy of Fehruarie, 
in the ytre of our Lord 1508, on whofe foul 
the Lord liave mercie. 

Query. Is the day of the month to be 
attributed to miQake, or what uthtrrea- 
fun can be aiiigned for it ? 

Mr. Urban, Jan. 13. 

I AM a conHant reader of ycur Ma- 
gazine, and have the whole collec- 
tion of them from the commencement, 
wh'.ch 1 confider as a very valuable re- 
pofiti/ry of ulcful mformaticn ; and ic is 
owinjT to my attachment to your monthly 
fubltcat;on, tliat I now addiefs you, 
pcrfuadcd that your candour, and vene- 
ration for truth, wherever it can be 
found, will induce you to publifh a few 
obfervations 1 have to make on a fciui- 
limcnt or maxim of your own, tn Vi I. 
i.XI. which, if allowed to pals witliout 
roticr, rtiay miflcad the public j and I 
wvmM n >t wifli that any fuch accufa- 
tijn li'.vuld be brought againll you. 

P. !C59, you fay, * the cry tliat has been 
fct « n Ux)l lo ra.fe the price of fngar is ccr- 
rait.l, .1 tii.k of ti.tde. Were the whole 
jflaid (St. Dommgo I fuppofc you mca:i) 
to br funk in the fca, there would be fugar 
ciiuugh left to fupi)ly the whole world." 



I cannot conceive, Sir, that, if you 
had known the importance of that idand, 
and the very great qu^lJt'ty of fugar an- 
nually produced in it, you would have 
treated the tot;il deftr«i£>ion of it ' fo 
lightly; and I tljercf»)rc beg leave to put 
yoo to rights, as 1 think it is a fubjcdt 
of fome moment to the public at large. 

The Jfland of Si. Domingo (I mean 
the French part of it which has bccu dc- 
folated by the black infurgcnts) pro- 
duced more fugar than i|l the Bniifh 
Colonies together; a plentiful cmp of 
our .colonies iseOimatedat 160,000 hog* 
(heads, a middling at 140,000, and a 
very (hott one at 120,000. The me- 
dium of thefc crops is 140,000 hogf- 
heads, and, as the whole importation 
of fugar intoEurop-, from all the Weil 
India fettlements belonging to BritiOi 
and foreigners, does no; exceed 400.000 
hogfheads, take the produce of St. Do- 
mingo out of the ma(ket, and only 
260,003, inftead of 400,000 hoglhcads, 
will remain for the confumption of all 
Europe ; this is a deficiency of more than 
one third part of the whole, and, in an ar- 
ticle of fuch a very general confumption 
as fugar, it is not in nature, that fuch a 
deficiency will not raife the price, un- 
lefs a failure. in the confumption takes 
place in the fame proportion, and it it 
only by abflinencc from the ufeof iugar, 
therefore, that enough of it can be 
** left to fuppiv the wants of the whole 
world" if St. D<)min<:o is funk. 

I recolledl, Mr. Urban, that Mr. 
King, a very ingenious and accuiate 
calculator, fays, that a tenth defeat in the 
hai vefl will railc the price of corn about 
three tcntli above the common rate of 
felling, that two tenths of defc6t will 
advance the price ei^ht tenths, and that 
three tenths of dcticicncy will advance it 
about one 6*ioths. 

1 vviil not contend that lugar, though 
it is an article very much in ule, is fo 
much H necellarv of life as co,n ; but 
furely you will not deny, that it islomc- 
thing akin to it; let us therefore pro- 
ceed on Mr. Kmg's axiom, and try 
what would be the rife in conftcjuence 
of a deficiency of above one thud of 
* crop J 60s. percvvt. was the medium price 
of iUiiar of ihc year 1790, before it was 
ki)own, that ^ny di(bu: banccs had taken 
phcc in the French Weft Indies, and 
thcrtforc, according to Mr. King, three 
tenths of defeat would raife the price of 
fugar to one and 6-ioths, which is 
7>. 16/. per cvvt. but j-iothsis lefsthan 
one third, 

I hope 




BosroLd House, in Se,iffi'r,/j-hnr. 



179^3 BofcofKl ^adt.^^J fiarci Ftmgus.'^jfrms 0/*flaftiiigs. itt 

I kope from this view of the matter Linn£, or the L.fintk^tgm of Hndfoa^ 

^u will be of opinion, that in the rife I (hall be obliged to any of your corre« 

of the price of fugar no blame. can be fpondents to clear up the doubt. It is 

tbrownmn the merchants and other dea- certainly the fame plant asis figured ia 

^ lert in ity but that it proceeds entirety from Ray, Svnop. tab. I. 6g. i, though that 

a real fcarcity ; and, in confirmation figure does not convey a juA idea of the 

of this opinion, I beg leave to mention, plant in its moft common appearance 

that, at a very full and refpeftable meet- (as at B). When it firft appears above* 

iDg held lately at the London Tavern, it ground, it is nearly fpherical (as at A)^ 

was uaanimoufly agreed, that the high the i;oiva entirely covering the capitu* 

price of fugar was not owing to any un* htm. in a little time the Vilnta burftt, 

lawful monopoly, or combination am<ing and rxpands into many fegmemty whick 

the merchants, but to a fcarcity and an are flefliy, britrlc, and of a pale brown 

iocieaied confumption ; that there is a colour j the flefli may be taken off, and 

fcarcity will clearly appear from the foU a thin coriaceous fubftance remains. 

towing account, which you may depend The eapitulum is globofe, fmooth, blu- 

OD as J oft. ifh-brown, at fird feflile, but, as the 

9i,444Hogiheads imported into Lon- flefh of lYit ^folva withers, it becomes 

don from t5th March laft, to pedunculate. The mouth is acuminate. 

the 25th December. t wiih atfo to be informed, whether 

;i3,46i Hoglheads on hand, and unfold the LiguflicumCornubienfe, Athamanta 

at>5th December. Li banotis, Andromeda Da boccia, Ori- 

77t98a fold in 9 months, which is at ganum Onites, Orchis Coriophora&A- 

the rate of 8664 hogiheads per month, bortiva, have been found in a wild flate 

■nd, as it will be three tnonths before in thefe kingdoms fince the time of 

any confiderable quantity of the new Ray, or may aow be confideired as ex» 

crop can arrive, 13946a hogflieads is tra* Britannic. 

▼ery far (hort, as a fupply for the con* The mufeum which belonged to t!^ 

fumption, only enough for fix weeks. Jate M. TunOall, efq. of Wycl«ffe» 

As you ** hope not to be fufpefled of Yorkfliire, of whom Tome account is 

partiality in your reprefentations," I given vol. LX. pp. 959. iqoi. 1050*; 

truft you will in fert this letter in your next has lately become the property of Geo. 

Magazine, to wipe away tftt odium thai Allan, efq. F.S.A., whofe communica* 

the imputation of a Trick may leave on tive difpoficion will render it a valuable 

the charafiers of the Weft India Mer- acquifition to the Virtuofi of this neigh* 

chanu. Impartial, bourhood. Yours, &c. £. R. 

Mr. Ukban, Salopy Ntv. t. Mr. Urban, Jam, 10. 

'T^HE inclofed drawing (platt 11. nn H E (hicid reprefcnted in ^/air //f 

* fig^ 1) IS a view of B..(cobcl-houfe, 1 yf^. 3, was taken from off ont of 

remarkable for bemg an afylura to King the gutci of Quebec in the year 1759, 

Charles II. This view was taken in and was prefented by General Marrav 

July laft, and is an exaft reprefeniation to rlic Corporation of Haftiogs (fee vol. 

of the front in its prcfcnt itate. Lvi. p. 852). As this trophy comme- 

Yours, &c. A. IT. morates fo noble a conquefl, and the 

•«* We ihall be glad to receive the other infcription does honour to the General 

drawings 4>roraife<l by this gentleman. ^ho made a prefent of it, the inffertrbg 

—— "i^^ both of I hem in your Magazine will o» 

Mr. Urban, Darlington, No^.S. bUge, Yours, &c. Li-NCOLNiRiesii. 

INCLOSED is a drawing (fip. 2) of ,, _ . >. . , , . ^ 

J r /^ je " This Ihield was taken from off one o( 

a very curious and icurcc J ^xf us. If ^. *" J X j***"*^*" V"*" "^* **^ *« 

hi. notLonfifient with the plaf of the ;»:^,^ti^!^r^^,^^^^^^^^^^ 

^otleman't Magazine, a figure of it g^ ^ ^^^ ^rces, in the mimorable y&r 

loferted in that ?aluable Mifccllany will ,^.^, u^jer the commands of the AdmiraU 

aadoubtedly be acceptable to your bo- SaunUers and Holmes, and the GeneraU 

UDicai reader*. Wolfe, Monckton, Townftiend, and Mw- 

Thc plants from which the drawings ray j which latter, being appointed ttuTftrft 

vrere made grew within a quarter of a Bridfh Governor thereof, made a preftihtof 

laile of Darlington. As there fecm to this trophy of war to this Corporation, 

be different opinions amongft authors, ^liereof he at that time wai one of the 

-isfadther it is the lycoperdom Jleliatum of Jwatfc" 

Gent.Mao. /Ir^rjrary, 1792. Mr. 



A Funtral E/cutchnn sf Oliver Cromwell. 



[Feb. 



Mr, Urban, Laaglon.L/AC. Die. io. 
J SEND youan BccouDt.wiihadraw- 



every ihing lliat 
wai found lo tiare diftjnguilbed the 
Fnstt&oT having been burnt or defiroy- 
cd at the Reaowion of K. Chirlet II. 

Thi» efcuteheon i« in the poITclBon 
of the Uvedale family, aod which the 
KeT. Robert UMdalc, LL.D.« (m the 
year t&jS, when at Weflminfier Ichool) 
fnauhed from the bier of the Ptoieflor. 
He afcetwtrdi fiamed ii, and ai the 
bicfc of the fnme wrote ihc following 
inrcription, defciibing the maontr in 
which it came into hi« poffellioti, and 
ibme circumftancei of Cromwell'i fu- 
neral I 

" Hoc inTigoe raplum eft a feretro tyranni 
Oliwrii Cromwelli cum effigies ejus ctrea, 
in-ecclefia Sanfli Petri apud Weftmouafteri- 
eofeci regali cutta oriuia in mauruleo ibidem 
■xtnifto, magnifice (e oRentabat. 

" Hm reliquias ipfios iriumphorum Tcm- 
piu edax renun pmluhim detorm.ivit ; fed 
(ncmoi'iam crimiiiuin nulla pnleft :ibolere 
vet\ilbi£ dum lempuK iii ^itemJtate abfurbe- 
biw. ,, . . 

" Corpus arte pnllinAonaceratistirciu tn- 
volutinn, dcpofiiixm eft in cavea inter regum 
Aniliz et nobiliflimorom procerum duvroi- 
toria in capella Resis Hem ki VII. 

" Obiit anno are Christiana 165R, Sep- 
lerobris die lertio, biiiis vicibiis faiih, teuij 
Ecclefi* AngBcanati res'i pmfapi* civi- 
bnfque omnibus bonis, fziici. 

" Ad (ui&mum faftigium eJatw eft, anda- 
ciae, fiKtonae. diffunulaiiunis (tt ul fami le- 
fert), diaboliope: ceno certnis diviiM> per- 
iBiffo, Ob ADgloruiii peccata, ut lapfu luerct 

■• Poft reditum Resi) Caroli Secandi ca- 
daver latrunis traSum eft e fpeeu et comi- 
tate maledico freqinnlis lolgi planfu in fur- 
cai Tibumianas, infjme facimnqfum patibu- 
lom ignominiofe (utpenfum. 

<■ liunc meritiHimum habuii: exitum mate 
paita &moQ veteratoiis gloria. 

" Tanla licet fciiuilur pmna nKcntes." 
The efcuteheon i> ot the commoo fiic 
wffd a-, funerals, and is fio« r^.her .tli- 
figured hy time ; howevrr, the arms sre 
vtry diltinguittiable. They are— In a 
fliitld cjo"iied "'itti 'lie imperial ciown 
of England, quir[ir:y, ift and ^h. 
Argent, a cion OuUs (the arms uf 



England): 1. Aiure, ■ ftltirc Argent 
ti;otland) j j, Aiurc, > harp Or, 
ftiinged Argint (Ireland). In an e- 
rculciieon of prEirncc, Sable, a lion 
rampant Argent (Oliver Cromwell'* 
paternal aims), impalinz, quarterly, 
iaand~4th. Sable, ihree leopards paf- 
fant in pale. Or, fpo!tcd of the iirft; >. 
Argent, a fefi between three imfs- 
ctul]eti6tch£eGulesi 3. Argent, two 

bare •, in chief, three buns. 

Noble, in his Mcmoin oF the Crom- 
well Family, givei Sir'Jamcs Burrow'i 
of the armorial enlignt ui^d ai 



the Prnteftor': 



funer 



. he) 



they 'J are »ery little known." But Sir 
James feems not to have feeo any of ihe 
original efculdienns, for he maki;^ iiu 
mention of the quartering* to the arms 
of the Prote£lo['i wifcfi and he con- 
cludes with obfeiving, ilMt " the cr.-ivn 
□vi-r the elcutchcon was compofed of 
crolIVs patonccs and leaves (liki that of 
the Pnnce of Wales), with an aidi 
joining crrifs-iva)! over the .red cap of 
velvet, but not riling fo high at the le- 
gal ciown t" by which he intimates that 
the crown over the ckmcheon was not 
intended 10 leprelent the regal trown; 
but in this he sppeaii to be minattcn. 
It IS cenainly dilfcrent in Ibme refpeits 
from many reptelenialiont of the Tcgal 
crown in^hofe days, and from the 
ironn o-er iht elcu'cheoii on the filvtr 
coin of Oliver Cromivcll ) but it cannot 



n then 
^oded t 



rtft-nt I 






regal c 



• Lineally defcBudeij from Peler de Uve- 
dale, at Wyketiam, in Hampjhiie, a peer of 
the realm in the time of Edward III., liav- 
ing been fununnocd to parliament among the 
Baiaiis fi»m ibe 61I) lo ibd loth year of that 
kiog't reigt. 



realm; for, 
crowns on (he coini of ICingCbnrles the 
Fitfl, we fhall lind ihi-y arc nor cxntHj 
limilar, fome havu "an arch joiiim^ 
crols-ways over the leilcapof vrliet," 
and fomc have a gioi tnany pcails nil 

from whence 11 may rcaliiiiably be lup- 
pofed that the cr<:wn, placed over the 
abovemcniioncd ilcatclieun of Oliver 
Cromwell, was intended to reprclcnt Ilie 
regal crown, and no other. 

Mr. Urban, T.w»«, Jan. ir. 

I AM very apprehenfivc that any in- 
formation winch Mr. Polwhilc may 
procure .elpeaingC.i.mlech, will be at 
ben but b^feibeitcal. Tint wiiicli he 
has termed '■ the folitary Cromlecli pf 
Devonlhire" is oa tl>e eltaic ot Greit 

' The cnlour of the two bars is entirely 
mdiftinguilhable. 

f 5h« Viis the daughter of Sir James 
Bourdiier, knt. of FelftwJ, in ElTex. 

SbiliTone, 



r. 



1^92.] Chappie's MSS.—Siits.—Thi Bon Coropagno'n's t§mi. 115 

Shilftooc, io the pariih of Drewfteign- dniy, iherefore, add, that the (eal is of 
toiiy belonging to Mr. James Luke, of gold, bearing obvious marks of anti- 



quity. Probably, it is the feat of fome 
Cardinalywhichfectns clearly pointed out 
by tVie hat ; and, as I have heard that, 
in the 15th century, there was a Cardinal 
Johannes Curfoni (probably of the an* 
cient family of the Cartons, of Derby- 
fliire), who aHiAed at the Council of 
ConHance, 1 pm inclined to believe, thac 
this curious relic mud have appartained 
to him. How it came to the neighbour- 
hood of Dunftable, fome dcfcemiant of 
that nohle fnmily may be bed able to 
explain. Yuurs, &c. CuRlosUS* 

Mr, Urban, Feb. 7. 

BEING at Market Harborough a few 
days (ince, and recolie£lin(E^ the wifk 
expfefled in your agreeable Mifcellany, 
LXI. 980; I with pleafure turned mf 
horfe's head to the village of Stoke Al- 
bini, which I found to be only an a- 
grceable hour's ride. But judge of my 
furprize, when I heard that the effigies 
of the BON COMPAGNON, after whoia 
the enquiry was made, had been abouc. 
two years ago removed from the arch of 
that church which himfelf had founded 
—and removed, Mr. Urban, not by th^ 
caprice of an ignorant churchwarden, the 
falfe talle of fome conceited archite£l, or 
of a whimiical owner of the manor, but 
by the exprefs direction of a refpe^able 
clergyman (whofe name, at be is a 
fcholar and a gentleman, I forbear tp 
mention), becaufe the figure looked 
black and unhandfome. The gallant 
warrior was firft turned upfide down^ 
in order to make a feat; but this ap- 
pearing ftill worfe than the figure, the 
whole was broken, and the fragments 
buried under an adjoining brick pave- 
ment. On the arch, however, which 

tempted to draw offan impxelfion ; what could not be Co eaiily removed, and un- 

Bow appears to be rather a hat, came der the battlements of the church, the 

out, he laid, in the form of Mambrino's founder's arms Aill remain, a monument 

helmet, at it is feen pi£tured on the head 

of Don Quixote in the be(l Spanifli edi- 
tions of the adventures of that celebrated 

knight* But the idea, he added, was 

too ludicrous to merit ^much attention ; 

belidei, the hanging taflels puzzled him, 

and the diAin£kive mark of the barber's 

btfoD was wanting. It was alfo natural 

to aik; to what the cypher IC, (fori 

take it to be an J,) in this aliufion, 

would apply } or whether he had ever 

ticard, that a feal had, at any time, been 

taken to commemorate that whimiical 

event ? My friend gave up the point. — 

Some of your ingenious corrcfpondents 

iriU' bell uoravci the difiicuity. I will 



Exeter, and is unqueOionably the moft 
perfed of irs kind in the whole kingdom. 
The late Mr. Chappie has left fome un- 
ptiblilhed Maoufcrints on the fubj-£l^, 
v4itch might be confulted with advantage 
by Mr. Polwhele on application to his 
executor. Some intelligence might be 
aleaoed, and the luxuriant fancv of a vj. 
n^ary Antiquary mi^ht be fpared. A. B. 

Mr. Urban, Jan, 12. 

HEREWITH you receive the im- 
prellion of an old Copper Seal (Pi, 
il, fig. 5. J which was given to me about 
12 years lince, by a journyman carpen- 
ter, who gave a very impeifcft account 
of it, faying it came from abroad, and 
was found in the middle of a barrel of 
pitch. If you think it worthy a place in 
your ufefiil Magazine, pleafe to infert it; 
and, if any of your learned readers can 
give a full explanation of it, it would 
much oblige Yours, &c. S. B, 

. Mr. Urban, Davintry^ Die, 31. 

KNOWING the alacrity with which 
you admit into your valuable repo* 
litory communications which bear the 
ftamp of antiquity, particularly fuch as 
may tend, even remotely, to illuftrate 
the hifiory or the biography of your 
owD country ; I make no apology for 
requeuing the favour of admiflion to 
the ^rawing which accompanies this 
(fig, t.). It is uken with great accu- 
racy from an original feal, communicat- 
ed to me by a friend, who values it 
much. He told me, it was found 
amongil fome rubbilh dug out from the 
ruins of an old building, in the neigh- 
bourhood of Dunftable, near which place 
my friend refides. When he P.rd at 



ofhismuniBcencciwhilethechafmtVhich 
the lofs of his effigies harh occafioned 
perpetuates the opprobrrum of its re- 
moval. I hope the Aatue at York has 
expetienc^d a more propitious fate. 

Can you inform roc, Mr. Urban, when 
the monument by NoIleken& to the me- 
mory of Lord Robett Manners, and his 
two brave aHociates, Blair and B^yncs, 
for uhich an epitaph was propoi'cd ia 
your vol. Lll. p. 537, is likely to be 
opened to public inlptdion ? 1 recojleCt 
having been informed, a year or two 
ago, that it onl^ waited for the in (crip* 
tion's being fubmitted to his Majefty. 
Yoursi &c. M. Green, 

\A3t^ 



ll6 ' Hardy'i TrotiJIaiien af iht 
Mr. Ureah, Siaagham, Srpt. i8. 

INCLOSED it sn impieflioD Ofe- 7-J 
froip another fisal found at Oxbci- 
lough ; which I hope one of yuur many 
iMrncd correfpoadenti will cl'icidatc 
Your*, fcc, SrtP. NeWWAN. 

««• W* wilh lo know 10 wliai Friead oE 
Mr.NewniaD'sintownhitp«k«lof(»i[u(for 
which we thank him) may h« re-d«Iivorot. 
Fi^. G. U an inediied tokin of ibc 
lawQ of Leicester. 

Mt. UsBAH, ^tai. 11. 

M "I JtT" HEN ibe Sob of Man comcth. 
W Aall he find faith upon the 
cirth!" f«id the Sod of Man himfclf 

of his ftiond coming. If ihsc A.Utnt 
.depcodi on ihc li^tc of rcligioa in ilie 
world, it muft be nearer, ii St. Paul 
fpeakt, Ihin when men fi.B believed. 
That iheie is a mod lameatablcand ge- 
neral d.cline and corruptipn of Chriftla- 
nity prevalent, litoo notorious lo btdif- 
pDtcd. Whether we impute it toa toul 
want of reflexion and principle on ihe 
one hand, or 10 an oteidraincd leal foe 
it, and a miQaken idej of it among id 
■rofellori and ii> iraducets on the other, 
Chriftianity it equally injured. If 
one of its profelTori, a laliiudina- 
rian DilTeoiing icachei, denies the very 
«bjcQ of hii Saviour's coming into the 
world I and another debauched pto* 
feflbr of hi* religion, of the fame per- 
fuifiOR, levels its didales with the fay- 
ings of Heathen phdofoplieri i an otiho- 
dox bigoKd fon of the Church of Eng- 
land contends for doQrinet that Dtine 
but an enthuriaft can Itnd in the New 
Tellament, jnd perverts the plaincft 
texts to ellabliQi an hypothefis ivbiih 
cannot promote one delirable end. This 
tafl having laboured during ibr whole of 
bil miniftry from [he pulpit, in almoft 
every fertnon, to convince hit numernui 
. audiiori that the Euchaiifl ii Ihc tTaily 
fmcrifitt of ibe Jeivilh ceconomy, for 
which evcD the ptaflicc of the primiiivc 
Chriftians is no warrant aRainft the ex- 
preft words of the New Tcilnmenl, in 
« new trsnilaiion of the Epilllc [o ili^ 
Bebrcwi, lakei up the argument di n»- 
va, to prove tliat the Euchit-iA i* a fa* 
criRce. 'Thii ii n« more than a revival 
of a doOrine broached by the learned 
Mr. John fon, vicar of Cranbook, cailj 
in this century, iii hit " l/nblowJy Sa- 
crifice and Altar unveijed and fupport- 
cd, in which the Kucharift ii explained 
nccordiog 10 the ScDtimcni* of the 
ChriQian Church in the Four tv& Cen- 
tarict." As this iJofttiBC vu ntain* 



Epifile to the Hebrewi, fFtt. 
tained by the mod eminent of Ac Nod* 
juring partv, fi> it wi> combated and 
difcatded by nn iBeDnfiderable mcmbcrr 
of the Church of England 1 ud the 
coniroverfy clnfed wnh jh« fdiifm. 
With what pnlTible view ti it revived ii 
bcl\ known lo its reviver, who, in bit 
leal for what he ciill> primitive doc- 
trine*, has, we fear, lofl fi^ht of pritni- 
live charity and mcekneri ; for, in bii 
opinion, [he devil it at the bonom of 
the coBlrary io&rink. Not, tberefore, 
provoke bin) by ai 



fy, let ui oaly examine iw« or three 
of hit politioni by ibe teS of firamma- 
ikal lonltiuSioo and cnmmoD fcnfe. 

The dcfigD of the EpiBta to the He- 
biewi ii, » He truly ftaiei, to prove 
the reference of the Jewilb (economy 10 
ibeCbtinian, as the type (o the aali- 
Mpc, and the whole fyOem of facri6ce 
from ihe creation to refer to the grand 
propitiatory facriGce of Chrift- The 
ApoUte draw* the comparifon clofaly in 
a variety of inftancet : but that the fa- 
crificE of ChriQ ii capable of repetition 
after it was once olfered pn ihe crofs ia 
what never entered into St. Paul'* 
thought,nor can Mr. Hardy's comparifon 
derive an iota of fircngih from it. All 
ftcrificea aniecedeni to that of Chrift 
were typical of that great facrilicc : that 
once onercd cannot poITibly be rcpcatedi 
il Can only be commemoraied. The 
end once anfivcred, and recoDcitialion 
with Gnd obtained, all that ChriHiana 
can do is to keep up the mofl lively and 
eraieFol fenfe of that iaelliniablff gift by 
frequent commehuration. 

" Si.Paul," h)i Mr, H, "call! up. 
on the Hebrews lo cnnliHer the ApoRle 
and bigh.prieft oF our eilaliam, for To I 
think n^ieXayta diould be tranflaied." 
(Pref, p, X.), And in his note on the 
text(c. XIL T. 0, hefays. "iiranilate 
apuAvyia gtlalieii, bicauft I think an 
tbIatiM ii more futted to the office of a 
high-pried than any cmfi^an 01 frofij- 

of FathCri againll Mr, H. here } Chry. 
follom and Theodortt explain itwriuft 
faiibi and Jultin-Martyr, at cited hy 
Mr. H, adduces ihc text without any 
gloft, much left that by which Mr. if* 
affirm) it ca»uai it Mitrviif* uanflaicd. 
How can apefiti agree wiih ^Ulmf 
Dr, Whitby more rcafonably para* 
phtafet the words, *' Chrilt, ai etic 
apoltle, taught ihefe things; and, at 
our high-priefl, fuffeicd to obtain tbafa 
blcffinj^i bu IK, and Xo toafira tbaai }/a 



1792.] Htfdj'i Trmpathti »fthi F.p'iflle to tlic Hebrews. ri^i 

for JE above the original Hebrew, w« 
fee <l)ey both d^tcv in lUit pdiikuIaE 



III." Without recumne to the fenr* in 
•hith the LXX ul"* the wofd, Ih*!! «e 
DM rather be guided'by in ufe in the 
Ifew TcO-ameiil F Whacwat th« p^oA. 
ktMAwyta that CKriQ ivlucged before 
Pomiu. PiUte ( 1 Tim, vi. i,)l or *bieh 
Timothy himrelf ti^^tyw*,- (». ii>i 
of that rrfert-ed m in tlm EpiOtr lo iho 
}lcbicw!>T. 14, an,l X. i], ii(a7ii^r;i, rut 
■rlAvyisf, and Kx1i;^.i^<> mt aFioKsria* 
ni,-rt»(Ja,-, where Mr. it, irsnll^ie* 
both oAtfriM. CompifE I'Cnr. ix- 13. 
■pt. i .6. Msit. .li, 21. X. 31, Rom. 



Afli 



. Luke 



I J.I 



know na other fenie of the i.ouii or verb 
(fisn >vh«l li bfars In ;.ir thefo leiti ; nor 
liave the LXX given ihr noun fu very 
different a meaning in Dtni. xii. 6, 7, 
terit. axii. 18, Jerem. illv. i;, Eiek.' 
xt>i. ti, Amos iv. 5 ; In all ivhich our 
Bible rendcF-i it frei inill ifflring, or 
VMS/, nnd really msanr noihingmore hj 
\t thin faenfices of lotfi^n or ■Vfuil. 
Agreeably htrtto, the Vul^ale, in Ler. 
Xsii. ig, hat " vc1 -vsta fiheni," and 
ourtranfljhoo.hii "oblation >r all hii 
Vnoii" and tlie original Greek it rx 
tufa ula -na^ta ofioXoyioy, ivhire Mr. 
Jl. (onfoundi the fffcring with the tm- 
^n of iti Jnfd bilog the cftrimg, 0^10X1- 
7», rkc rrorive, a wi* or obiijatUx, 
(^onparc Lev. vii. 16, where Bp. Pa- 
nick give) the Utbrew name for the to- 
lire facrilice, mdirt that for the free- 
will offering, "tdeitib. In a fpeciJiG e> 
■UDicraiion of the varioui facrificci and" 
oSeringi, Deut.' lii. 6,17. the voiui 
and frte-toiil offtringi are diftinguilbed 
from the reO. Jer. xlir. 1;, ii the per- 
fbrmaiKe i>f an idolatrous vow, and To 
vadcrftood by Lowth in ttc. In Eiek. 
il*i. II, it is the voluntary or veiiv* 
free-will offering i LXX, the WW of 
ibe burnt cilfcring, 0^^117111 eXnttulti- 
ufkf. The facrificet had been directed 
■o the forcg''ing Terfet ; and in thefe the 
free-will olTetiDgi, as in Levit. xxii. iS, 
41, where the LXX have iti(» xa\» 
■ ««r*I ait4>.eyMf >i''7«ri evidently lepa- 
latitg (he cffiriiig from tlie I'stv. So in. 
Ainai iv. s, iTtiaAiirasIs ipiXavist, 
VKMt KviKnimrias tUtUiowei, Vulg. at 

• Thus ail ihefa pajfjigei, which are 
dud by Mr- H. in fupport of hii hypo- 
. lihMIi. in*kedirc£)!.f agaiiill himi and, 
admHting all that authority to be. due to 
Ac Sapuagiat Tcrfion which he tUipM 



poml 

Anmhor paitirulBrinrtnof nn hv Mr> 
H, Is, that ihe hi) plact ^mih'm thi 11*11 
is the tiiia^ilof our churchi:!, furmerly 
divided froti) ihc nave bv a vtil. But 
whit a degiadatinn of the Apndie'i ot»> 
vicui meaning, which is, that by tht 
Uoodof Jefui we have fice accefi to 
Heiveo, whither our well grounded. 
hope and alTtjrance enicicth hv ^iitlclpa- 

Mr. H Fof^etilhit no Chrifiun chutcfc 
«ss bmlr ID i: i'sul's i;me. 

thai Chrid offered fac'iBce 6rli for th« 
api/ll^i, and then for the fafiU, *i ihe 
inliituiion of the E'jcharin, ho'* groISf 
ii he led to pervert the well-known 
meaning of c. vii. 17, makmg the higb- 
piicft atone lirll for th( funi of iitfwm ■ 
family (i. e. the priefli and Levites, for 
>Xhi>, faya he, mua be referred toibem), 
and then for ihofe of the people. Now, ' 
HOI to iniiS on the obvioui condrufiioN 
of tm ijwi a^(1iv>, to mean Ifis ttMt 
parlitular fons, let ui for a moment at- 
tend LQ the expTefi duty of the htgh> 
prieD on the great day of expiation hare 
referred to, at laid down in Lcvk. tvi, 
where the atonemeiit wii titA made.for 
bimplf and hit houC or houDiold (i. c 
his 7UI* ftmily), and then for the peo> 
pic. Now here, faya St. Paul, ihft 
Gomparifoa doet not hold beiwcee the 
Jewilh atid" the Chril\Un higli-prieft. 
He (Jefui) Dctded not daily (iiafi^ nfir- 
pa>, not, at Mr. H, oim'/r)> day of Mt> 
ptai.-oaj to offer facrificei, lirflforhii 
ovia fint, and then for ihofeof the peo- 
ple : the feojic of which argument i* 
only [□ Ihcw (he fuperinr pcrle£lion of 
(he Chriftian high-prieft 10 the JewtSi, 
and confcquenily the fuperior value of 
his liccifice. In the Chiillian expiation 
here it no feparation of apoRlei frodi 
the f'x Jtanwli t all (he font of Adam 
are included in (he commoti blefling, th« 



cbarijit which, if we i 
wordt of the inOiiution, lb uniformly 
reptefenttd by the Evangelini, can ne- 
ver be conltrued into any thing but a 
COMMEMORATION: Iiof IB there the 
ItiCi ground for the fancied diflinftioa 
between ihe tfftring and ihe fatrifiu of 
ChriH, at if the former wBi prior 10 the 
latter. 
How unfuppoitcd alfo ii the cooccir, 
that 



^jM' HvJy'« Tranjlaucn efthi Epiftic to the Hcbrevirs. [ Feb* 

diat our b1efrec> Lord's pmyeY, for thofe century, tnd the eftablilhment of tran- 

^wbo fi§uU bihrue iit bim Ibrougb bis fubllaDtiation in the 13th, were the two 

mpofila* 'Uford, means thofe ivbo /b^uld grand errors of fixteen ceoturies, till 

rettivt from tbt apeflUs tart of bis mi- the Jesuits introduced the do£lrinc o£ 

nyify amd apofilejbip^ as it his prayer or frequent commu»ion, a duty which they 

interceHion was confined to his mini/ferj, recaihmend with peculiar earncftnefsy as 

and did i»t include, all true believers; the mod certain and infallible method 

and that thofe who uere/tfjr^^/f/i/ means of appeafmg the Deity, and obiaioing 

only thofe who were cow/ecrated, as he from him the entire remiifion of (in. 

xfSLS, to the prieflly ofici, A man muft This manner of proceeding the JanftH" 

be a bigot to the priedhood indeed, to ifis cenfure with their ufual feveiiry; 

Juppofe the Saviour of the world exclud* and it is alfo condemned by many other 

cdfrom this prayer all who believed in learned and pious do£tors of the Romlfh 

bis name as welTas the twelve apoflles. communion, who reje^ that inirinfic 

Yet on this mif^aken fuppofition Mr. wtue and efficient optrationih^ih zmi^ 

H* grounds the following extraordinary buted to the Sacraments, and wifely 

fyllogifm : *' Now, fin ce the one obia- maintain, that the receiving the Sacra* 

tion which Chrifl offered was offered by ment of the Lord's Supper can be pro- 

frajer\ — fince the a^^//i were /i&«ji con- fitabie to thofe only whofe minds arc 

iccrated when he confecrated bimfelf\-^ prepared for that folemn fervice byfaith^ 

and fince he prayed for their confccra- repentance, and the love of God ^. 
tton when he celebrated the Eucbariftf I cannot difmifs this fubje£^ without' 

and never at any other time, fo far at noticing one more (Irange perverfion of 

lead as we know ; — fince they were then language. IToifty SiXtj/^a, Heb. x. 5, is 

confecrated when their fins ivere put explained by <?/>ri#^/«rr/>5r/i and by this 

eemay^ and ihtir fins were put away by curiou* compaiifon with Xenophon's 

the Euctari/t, it muft needs follow that application of that verb to facrifice^ 

Che Eucharift w^s that ablation or Jacri- ^wnat «o»o»1e. Mr. H. might as well 

fke which Chrift offered for ihe Ans of have faid, that, becaufe the Englifli 

bis priefts and the people, and that he verb do, or make, is conneaed with 

then offcicd bimjeif (reprefcnuiively) many fubftantives, it has therefore •/ 

when he offered the Eucbarift.-^The nfgif the feveral fenfes affigned to it by 

Eucharift, therefore, is ^realfturificer f^^h conneaion. It is like «o»c«» in this 

If this reafonmg IS xvcll founded, the ^afe, only ufcd relatively j and that 



Church of England, ever lince the Re. ^ ^^„ . ^^/ ^ .^ 

formation, has been in a fundamental „ ;„ \^ ,„_ \^^ j, ^^fj^„^ ^^^^ ^^^^^^^ 




Bcnis by his precious bloodfhcdding f /r j rj q^ 

and, on the crofs, by his one oblation P^^'^g^ ""^^ confidcrat.oo, SiX.^ is 

of himfelf, ONCE offered, made a full, fP^^Y oppofed to ^&iXw«« m the preccd- 

perfea, and fufficient fatisfaftion, for ""g ^"^' » >'»^, >" V'^f^*= '^ \he ApoftU 

the fins of the whole world; and did draws the conclufion, that, by this will 

inftiiute, and command us to continue, ""^ po<> ^*^ accept the facnfice of Chrift, 

a perpetual mmory of that his precious ">a«J« <>"" ^^r ^^^ ^^J \^^ c^ofs, m hia 

eUatb until his coming again-holy myf- 5««**^ ^^^y PJf.P/^j^^ ^^^ '^" purpofe, 

teries as pledges of his love, and for a f^oc" are fanaiftsd, and the entrance 

i;ontinual remembrance of his death." ^J^^ ^^^ holieft by thc^/^o^ of Jefus, 

l^r. H. fays, Jefus Chrid made tw ^^fough the veil h.s fle/b, means the 

oblations of himfelf: for, though he fame facrifice whciem his body was of. 

offered himfelf nprijentaiinjely in the fered on the crofs, without that cunout 

Eucharift, the Eucharift is a real lacri- Reparation of his flcfh and blood (ug. 

ficc. Let the acuteft fophid reconcile g^^!^ ^l ^"r tranilator, p. 46. The 

thefc contradiaions, and let candid confecration, verfe 20, is not of ^/tf. 

minds reflca with gratitude and ado- wn, but of the new^aj to it. But, 

nilhment how few errors have pervaded R*y« Mr. H, the Jcwifb facrihce of ex^ 

the doarine of the Eucharid, during P»ation was firft offered tf./x/r, and then 

the various periods of Chriftianity, a- ^">'»^^"^°y,V^«^ '^P' fo Chrift firft 

mong the innumerable hercfies that <#^r#i/ himfelf in the Eucharift, and 

have fprung up in the Church. The ^ • - ^- 

atuck on the real prcfcnce in the 9th # Molheixu's EccL Uiit III. 469^ 470. ^ 

z thea 



r^iv^i 



IJ92.] PttHkations nlative to the tUlief §/ Komzn Catholicks. 119 



tken fwffered on the crofs. Certainly 
Bot fo: he offired himfetf, to falBIl the 
will of God, at an atonement, when he 
came into the world in a human body, 
and hecompleated the atonement by his 
death on the crofjf. P. C^R. 

The new tranfUtor, in reformiug the 
error of his prcdecfflors, 'Jrfuiy the 
Greek way of fpclling for J^Jhui, c. iv. 
S, reminds us of iome bungling tr^nf- 
lators from I^rcnch autijors, who retain 
JiOMt Pitrre, Jaques, Tue Livty &cc. 



Mr. Urban, , .Ftbruary 7. 

YOU will confer a very ijrcac obliga- 
tion on fuch' of youi re tders, as 
are deiirou9 of coIle£im^ fcarce and cu- 
rious Tracts i and of lecuring all chat 
appear upua any controverHal fubje^, 
before they arc from their fugitive na- 
ture irrecoverable ; if you will mlert, in 
your valuable pages, the following 
Catalogue of the frvtral Vuhllcaitons^ tSc* 
'which ^joere printed nlaiiue to the late 



6. To the Honoorable Thomas Tal- 
bot, &c. A printed Letter. (Dated 
ai^th Jan. 1790.) Signed by fifteen Ca- 
tholic Clergy of Staffordlhire. [Single 
Sheet-l 

7. A Paftoral Letter of Matthew Bi-' 
(hop of Comana, and V. A. &c. To all 
the Clergv, Secular and Regular i and 
to ail the Faithful of the Northern Dif- 
trift. (Dated Jan, 15, 1790.) Neww 
caPle upon Tyne, printed t and fold 
by J. P. Coghian, No. 37, Duke-ftreety 
Grofvcnor Iquare, London, 1790. 8iro, 

8. An Anfwcr to the Bifliop of Co^ 
mama's Pal^oial Letter, by a Protefting 
Catholic. (Dated Moorfield^, Jan, »6» 
1790.) London, printed for R. Favilder« 
Bond-Hreec, and J. P. CoghUn, i790(» 
8vo. is. 

N. B. There was another iimilar Pub* 
licition, dated from Moorfields, whicb 
was afterwards fuppreiTed. 

9. A Dialogue between a Protefting 
Catholic Diffenter, and a Catholic s oa 
the Nature, Tendency, and Import of 



Appiicatiom to Parliament Jor the W<f7, 

njubicb pajfed tn 1791, for the Relief of the Oath lately offered to the Catboiitt 

the Engltjb Roman Catboltcs^ &c, of England. By the Rer. William PiU 

I. The Declaration and Protcftation ling. London,printedby Coghlan, 1790. 



of the Catholics of England. With the 
Subfc^pt oDs of the Vicars Apoftolic 
and their Coadjutors, by almoft ail the 
Clergy and moft of the Laity, of any 
confequence in the Kingdom of £ng« 
land. [Firfl printed in four large ihccts 
in folio; afterwards re printed (but 
without the names) at the end of Lord 
Pctrc's Letter, mentioned beiow, Nu. 
19, along wirh the foliowinir.] 

2. Abitra6l$ from the Opinions of 
Foreign Univerfitics. [Tlieic are Pans, 
Doway, Louvain, AlcatU, Salamanca, 
and Valladolid.] Re-pnaced at the end 
of Loid Petre's Lcirer. 

N. B. Part of ihcle were priate<;l in 
Latin in one folio leaf, and given away. 
Query, which of them ? 

3. Encyclical Letter of the p'our Vi- 
cars Apodoiic (dated 06h 21, 1789.) 
£A fingleShect.] 

4, Charles Bifhop of Rtima, Vicar 
ApoHolic, to all the Faithful Clergy 
and Laity in the Wef^ein Didri&t. 
(Dated Bath, Nov. 2, 17S9.) [Aiinglc 
Sheet. 

5, Circular Letter of the Committee, 
&c. tQthe Catholics of England. (Dated 
London, 25th Nov. 1789.) Wiih the 
I|eads of a Bill, and Form of an Oith, 
&c. a» firl^ propoled. And Copy of a 
Letter, &c, to the four Apoftoiical Vi- 
^rs.— [No Title Page: in Quarto ^ 
Etfcp 4way : iiiicbed in blue papci. j 



&VO. IS. 6d. 

10. A View of the Oath, &c. by the 
Rev. Jofeph Reeves, 8vo, 

1 1. A Letter to the Rev. Mr. Jofeph 
Reeves, on his View of the Oath, Idid 
to be tender'ed by the LegiAature to the 
Catholics of England. By the Rer. 
William Piiling. London, by CogblaOy 

1790. bvo. II. 

In the Spring of the Year 1790, died 
the Hon. James Talbot, Bifliop ol Ber* 
thi, and V. A. of the London Dillrift, 
and alfo Mr. Matthew Gibfon, Bifliop 
of Comana, and V. A. of the Northcro. 
Mr. Charles Berington was recommend* 
ed by a majority of the London Clergy 
to fucceed the former, but Mr. Joha 
Douglas was preferred at Rome ; and 
lyir. William Giblbn was there appoint- 
ed to fucceed his Brother Matthew, 
without confulting the Msjority of the 
Northern Clergy ; this occafioned th9 
following Publication.; : 

12. A Letter addiefled to the Catholic 
Clergy qx Isngland, on the Appoint- 
ment of Bifliops, by a Layman. [Joha 
Throckmorton, Efq.] London, by Cogh- 
Ian, 179^. «vo. (Dated June 12, 1790.) 

i-^. The Clergyman's Anfwvr to the 
Layman's Letter 00 the Appointment of 
Bifliops. By the Rev. John Miliier» 
F.R.S. (Dated Winchefler, July 1, 179b) 
^oodooi by Coghlan, 1790. Svo 6d. 



laO Puhlieaiioni relativt in the RiUtftf Roman Cailiolicks. [Feb. 

14. Pflilion of ihe Ladici. WI.J^.vi. ii. A Difcfuirfe d-livertd iilh< Coii> 

Wi«>, Spinflc-i, ■ 'jKlv. fccrs"on of rht Riphr Rtvt,rtrf WiU 

Right Mod. ai.Ll '.. ' . rtt ]umGi1>r(iD,B<n">porAcaD[hnt,A.V.N. 

■ppoinicit to eu(, i- In- in the Chapel oF I.ulworth Ciftle, on 

tcrettt of the BriiiOi Roman L'jiholici, Suad**, Dec c, 1740. loguheT with mi 

fA fingle Sheet: in ndicuie rA ibe InirwIuAorT Account of the Conrecra- 

Eledlun propofnl ta the Liymaa't Let- tioD. By the Rev. John Milner, F. A. S. 

Kr,} LoDdoD, by Coglibii, ir9i< "■ 8vo. 

■ ^. Remark) opon a Letter iddieOcd 13. A Dircnii<redcli>'eiednt theCon- 

n> the Catholic Clergy of Enj^land, on rtcrari'>i> of (he Right Kcv. John Doug- 

the Appo'otment of BiOiopj, ic. By hs, Bidiiip of Ceniurta, A. V. L. in 

• Clergv"!",. [Dr. Slrickland.]' the Chapel at Lulworth Caftle. on Sun- 

16 A Sccind LeiteraddriiTed lothe ddy Dec. 19. 1790 By I>>e Krv. Charlet 

Roman CaiholitCleiET of England, on Plowden, ^don, by CoghUn, .791, 

the A:>TK>intmca( of Bilhopi. In nhich p. 4d. 

the Ouje£Vioni to the ifl LeiKr ate an. 14. BiiAoI Sermon, &r. 

fwered. Bv John Tlirockmorlon, El'q. 15. Second Encvtiical Letter of ihreo 

IN..W Sir J.tin Thriskmorioti, Bart.] of the Vicari Apoflolic, Sic (Dated 

(Djtcd Willon, No*. )7, 1790,) Lon- London, J.uoaty .9, 1791.) [Single 

don, b. Coghlan. 1791. 8vo. fliect.] 

. C<>nrideratjuni on the Modern 16. Letter to itie Ri^ht Rev. Father 



0|.inion of ihe Faltibility of the Holy in God, John, ( Douglas) 1 

Sec in the Decifionof Dngma'.ical Qiicr> Ceniuria. (J><ted Feh. 1, i79i>) front 

eioni. Within Appendix on the Ap- ihcCatholicCommltiee, 4C0. [No Title 



em of Biflii-ps. By the Rer. pai;e, giteo away, along »iih 

Charlet Plowdc n. London, by O.i^h- louing, ivhich wa> llitclied up with it 

lao, anil MiITie. Robinfona, Patcruotler- in blue paper.] 

H)w. 1790. S»o. IS. 6d. 17. LiEiier 10 the three Vicart Apof. 

iS. Ri.Ri:£liaat on the Appointmeni rolic, ke. from the faid Commiitec, 

of aCatholicBiOiop totheLondun Dif- together with the Oaih of Allegiaoce 

lri£l > In a Leiier to the Caiholic Laily propofed, 

ef the raid Diltnfi. By Henry Clilt'urd, iS. Encyclical Letter of the BiOiopi 

Efq.(Diied4thDe«mber,i790.) Lon* of Rama, Acanihts, aDdCeniunai 10 

dan. ForRobinfonsand Faulder- 1791. the faithful Clergy dnd Laity of their 

BM.it. Refpeflive Difirifli. Wjih a continued 
Comnientarv, for the U le of the Vulgar. 

PaETious to feteral of the former, London, (old for the Benelit of a poor 

•ppeareathe i«o following, occafioned Clergyman, by J. Bell, Oiford-flreet, 

byBiOiopHoifley'i"Re*iewo( the Cafe lyqi. 8vo. 

■•ol Proicnmt DIITcnieri, &c." which 19. The Cafe of the ^nglilh Catholic 

be afterwardi fupprcffed. Clfiinteis, 1791. [Thit ii an account 

19. Letter from (he Right Honour- ol the l^ivt in force agflinlt ihcm before 

able Lord Peire 10 the Right Reverend the palfing of the iSt.; in one Urg« 

Pr. Huiflev, Bifiiop of St. Divid'i. Ibeei, given away] 

(Dated March at, 179*.) London, N. B. About the time of palling (h* 

forFiulder, 1790. 8vo. Afl for the Relief of the Roman C«iho- 

1©. A Letter to the Author of the lick), &c. foerat oihet Fugitive sheets. 

Review of the Cafe of Ptoicllam Dif- HandbilU, &c. were diltribuied, which 

lenteT), with a Short Addtef) to the have efcaptd the notice of the writer of 

IJIIhopof St. David-i. By Sir H. C. this Calalogut, who will be obliged to 

Knglefitld. Bart. (Dated May, I7S0) any gentleman for allifting him to com. 

London, for&lrally, ■T9°< ^vo. pleat and continue ihi« lilt: of whom 
alfo he begi to be favoured with the full 

The fallowing TraSt, lie. tclate to liilei of No. 10, 15, and a^, and any 

the preceding Subjcfli. other informaiion, which msv render 

11. ASttmon pieachtd in the Ro- (hii Catalogue peifcftly compleit. 
man Caihol.c Chapel ai Winchelltr, 

^ptil 1], i7^9> *>''"£ 't^' Thankrgiv- S'm" the Aft hath p^flcd, hath Bp* 

ing Day for bi> Majelly't happy Re- pcared the follo*ing in Vindiealioti of 

covery, by the Re«r. John Milner, M. 'A. the Vieata Apoilolie, againft the Pro- 

wiih HoiES hillorical, cxpUoaiury, S(c. ufting Party, vii. 

London, by CogUao, j<g. m, i«. td. 19. Tbe Ctlt Uucd by Francii plow- 

den. 






Am^jh^ JM^f-^jvjr/f. « 





r fe^ 



1 79t.] Infcriptionfor DieL^-^Earl 9/ Lciceftcr^a Jrms. 121 



itm^ £%• CoBTcyancer of the Midctle 
Toiplc. Occafioaed by the A€t of 
PkriiamtBt lately paflecl, for the Relief 
•f the Eogtiih Rmntn Catholics. Lon* 
doa, printed for the Author, and fold 
by P. Keating, &c.,i79i. 3*. 

In Ireland were re-printed Eight of 
tbc foregoing Pieces, Sec, under the fol- 
lowing tide, with which 1 (hall clofe this 
Catalogne, 

31* Original Pieces relative to the 
Brefent Application to the Britilh Par- 
itamcmy for Relief of the Roman Ca- 
tholics in England, riz. 

1. IL The Letter and Ouh from No. 
ty.— III. Encyclical Letter, No. 25.— 
IV. The former Eocyclical Letter, No. 
3.— V. The Letter, No. 6.— VL The 
Declaration and Proteftation, No. i.— 
VII. The Abflraas, No. a.— ViU. The 
Bill at hrfl prefeoted to Parliament. 
[Not in the foregoing Lift.] IX. A Lift 
of the Controverlial Publications on the 
foregoing Subjefis. Dublin, William 
Jones, No.86. Dame-ftrcet, 1791, 8 vo. 
II. 6d. 



e4 bourt, tnd conftquentlT above 1040 
miles an hour, and more than 17 miles 
in a minute, the earth would have moved 
ft04 miles, while the ihadow of fuch a. 
dial as micht be made on thefe dimen* 
fions would have moved the a5th of an 
inch on this fcale. 

h% . rt;1d«f • 

Exxquat . Ccetiun . fapiens . Lapis . iodice • 
parvo . 
Menfus . quod . Solis . flamma . diomat . iter. 

Behuld . epitumis'J . in . this . fqnall • fpace • 
The . fwrift . revolving . Earth's . diurnal •. 
wlieel. 



Mr. Uriah, - Nov. to. . 

I FOUND jefterday in the Anthologik 
n carious philofophical bagatelle ; an 
infcription for a Di A L, containing twelve 
words, and, as it feeiris, limited inten- 
tionally to that number. I fend ic to 

[ you iDfcribed in the original, on an 
cauiao^Hal dial -plate of three inches 
daineter, with a Latin and Englifh tranf- 
latioo t the laft adapted to the Newto- 
^ alan philofophy. Thecontraft muft have 
Utmtd ftill more (Inking in the Ptole- 
naic The dialc£t being Doric, you may 
foppofe the dial defigned by Arch i me* 
des fbr Syracufe. But the nubleft in- 
fcription lean recollcdl for a dial might 
te mm Shakefpeare : 

Tlie time of liie is ihort, 

I To fpeod that Ihortneis bafely 'twere too long. 
If His did ride upon the dial's point 
|tiU coding with the arrival of an hour. 

It is well kno%vn to your Grecian rea- 
ders t|iat XiSo;, in the feminine, denotes 
a gem. This was therefore probably a 
Tery froati dial } and 1 have itippoied it 
an equinoAial, as that is the muft fim- 
pie, the moft elegant, and molt natu- 
rally eiprcffes the apparent diurnal mo- 
tioiwof the heavens, or the real of the 
fartb. 

It will occur that, as the equatoreal 
fOtattun is more than 15000 miles in the 
(j£iiT. Mac. fibruary^ 1791. 



The S^uartirimgs 0/ RoBBRT DuDLRr,' 
Earl of Lvicefter, itnd Kmigbt of the 
Garter temp. Eliz. communicated bj^ a 
CornfpoHtieMt from tbe H^indonAf of «« 
antii/it fhufe ai Iflington. 
ISee PL III. Jig. 1.] 

I. Or, a lion rampant double-tailed 
Vert. Dudlij. 

a. Gules, a cinquefoil pierced Ermine. 
Anrient Earls of Liicejfcr. 

3. Barry of 6, Argent and Azure, ia 
chief 3 torteaux. Cref, 

4. Or, a maunch Gules. HaJImgSp 
Earl of Pembroke. 

5. Gules, feven mafdes conjoined^ 
3, 3 and I, Or. Sluimy, 

6. Argent, a crols patonce Azure. 

7. Or, two lions pauant in pale Azure. 
Somiry, 

8. Barry of ten, Argent and Azure, 
an orle of martlets Sable. FaUaci^ 

9. Gules, a lion rampant %vithin %. 
border engrailed Or. Ttdbot. 

10. Cheeky, Or. and Azure, a fefa 
Erm i n e . H^af tvici, 

II. Gules, a fefs between fix crofs 
crofslets Or. Bioucbamp, Earl of War* 
wick. 

12. Gules, a chevron between tea 
crolfes pattc Argent. BirkiUy, 

13. Or, a fefs between two chevronelt 
Sable. Lijli. 

14. Gules, a lion ftatant guardant 
Argent, ducally crowned Or. GerrarJ, 

15 Or, a ialtire between four mart* 
lets Sable. GuttUforii, or Omilford, 

16. Argent, a chivl Sable, overall a 
bend engrailed Gules. HaUiu* 

17. Argent, a fefs dancette Sable* 
Wifl. 

18. Quarterly, t Mid 4, Gules, fem^ 
of croi's crofslets fitchy a lion rampant 
Argent, IVarrn a ano 3, Azure, three 

leopards 



1^1 Ctharf Ctnate fmni In Ireltnd,— Cowper*s Homer. [Feb« 

leopards heads jeflaot fleurs de lis Or. 1 ibould be g^ad to be infcamed, whe^. 
CMitilmf^t. ther any performance on our Saxon coi- 

19. Azure, three bars Or, on a chief nage hat lately appeared, as I hear4 
of the fecoiid three pallets between two tyro or three vear& ago was intended^ 
efquires baft dexter andfiniflerof the and if any other works upon the Tub* 
firft, over all aft inefcutcheon ^rmine. je£k have, or are likely to be produced: 
Mortimgr, ^ ap eQimate of the fcarciry, and value 

. aa Guief, three bendlets enhanced in coofcquence, of Engtiih coin migh^ 
Or, Grelif* be ufeful, as it wouid be a ftimulus to 

S.B. Qycr the third, fourth, and colie6^or$, and preferve fome curious 
Quarters, . a label of three points things from deftru^ion. I (bould thinly 
Argent I on the middle point acorteaux. a good hint might be taken from a cir- 

B. L. cumftiince that occurs in many of thefe 
old coini, with refped to our curcnt 
Iponey : the border or rim rifci fo much^ 
that it affords grtat protection to the 
impredion on the field, which in our 
filvcr very foon is effaced; the field 
might alio be concave, which would bQ 
a further lecurity. 

I (hall conclude with a communica- 
tipn from a friend upon another fubje6V. 
The extia£ts givrn in %our Magaz ne 
from IV^r. Cowpci'k Tranflation of Ho- 
mer have impre^cd him with a higii 
opinion of the author. Hisvcrfion of the 



Mr. Urban, ¥ih 6, 1791. 

I TRANSMIT to you, for publication, 
reprcfentations of fome coins found 
laft year near Kilkenny ; three of which 
are forocthtng like what appear in 
Sntllipg's Supplement to Simon's ^(Tay 
on Irim. Coins, No. 7, whic^i^ there 
attributed to Nintn, 

A very confiderable quantity was 
Cpund, and a lump of filvci procured 
from meltine great part» before I re- 
fcued any ofthem. 

fig' 3» ^» are eyi(Ien(1y Cannte's; of Simile that concludes the £«ghch Book 
ihefe thefe was a great number, with is truly great Another Tianilaiiop of 
ibme variety in the form of the fceptre, the fame Simile is fubmitied to youfp 
alSd infcription. A, AN»or AUG, follow* obfervation by Maurice Bifliop of Of- 
jDg tKX, upon fon\e. Fig* ^. reads na, fory, who rendered a few books of the 
butmuftbeamiftakeofthcmmter. They immortal Bard into EngtiOi, which, by 
di0er materially from thofe l\i^i appear the peremptory tenor of hiswiM, were 
upon any coins that I have feen of the devoted to the flames, with all his ma- 
Danilh princes of this kingdom, and nufcripts. His lordfhip's literary aflb- 
lAay perhaps have been ftruck by the ciates who faw bis Tranflation were of 
Irim tbemlelvcf i whatever may be the opinion, that, had even the fmall part 



cafe, thty aie as well executed as any 
of. the Saxon that I have met wj^h. 
'the characters in general are 0iarp| 



of the work which he finiflied been 
committed to the prefs, his name would 
have been immoital too. 



Sud<!tn the valleys wind, the roclcs afcend. 
And mountains '\w rud« majefty. Fruro Heav'r^ 
Burfts wide cffiilgence, wtule uni\nmber'd 

ftars Ls^ze. 

Gild the blue vault. The Swain*s enraptur'U 

A Lover OF Antiquities. 



hut the metal was fo brittle, that it was ^^ ^^,^„ ^^ j^^ ^^^^ herattendant train 
dimcuit to free them from the coat qf of living Sapphires mouiitsihecloudlefs Iky, 
earth and ruft that adhered. . 

Some time ago a number of pieces of 
both coinages of Henry llf. or at leaft 
vhat Snf iliqg places to the account of 
^at monarch, fell into my hands j and 
it is remarkable, as it fliews what a 
great intercourfe prevailed formerly be* 
fween England and Ireland, that the 
coins marked on the reverfe jMm Cburm 
Ca, and Ro^er 0/ Ronce, were amongft 
them, with three others not taken no* 
tice of io Sneliiiig's work ; the firft 
'Normam on San, or Sant^ as it is ex- 
prefled on another penny, and Tirri om 
.... (perhaps) Lunde^ give two coi- 
«efs and one plate not noticed by him. 
\ have alfo Raul 9n Lunda and Irille L 



n CdHt, which I do not tind in Snel- 






Mr. Urean, M' 13* 

T|i£ queflion of D. U. vol. LXI^ 
p. iigs, 1 pretend nottoanfweri 
but it brought to n^y recollection, though 
imperfectly eqou^h, an event within 
my memory, in a fire which happened, 
I believC| in the beginning of 17761 id 
or near the ^av^y, where were fom^ 
%varehoufes, or vaults employed as fuch^ 
by divers booKCeilers or printers, a* 
mong many ojhcr things dc&royed by 
the n^nies w<ts the whole edition, jutt 

ready 



iAdj for publicatioDy of the work of bbge't name, buc not with his ftimpo' 

Mbc late Bifliop Pe^irct on the l9e\v Tef* arms ; tlieitfore, j^robabljr, rhe devitft* 

tmeotf of which nothing was faved and. legends are, in other ire Q>e As, aN 

Vat oae fingle copy that had beien fent, bitrary. 
licet by Ibeei, from the prefs, 1 fUp- If y6a think this dniwitig, &c. wor> 

Soie for revifal, to a gentleman, who thy a t>lace in yoiir excellent Magasinc, 

ad thus preferved it j and from this that fome of jrour ingenious correfpond- 

copy, as I was informed at the time, ents may gire a inbtt full and fatisfse- 

Ibe work was r^-printed. tory ei^Uoatibn, my purpofe will be 

Aa Cftridts iSurriimfis, vol. LXI. p. Compleatly anfwered. 
1176, brings Afts ii. 31, in proof of ad Yours, ice. J. M. DaintksY. 

article of our Cieed, which Mrs, K. ■ 

•and the Quakers daringly affirm has nO Mr. Urban, Jam. ao. 

Iiuthority m Scripture, I apprehend his l^OU will probably think the an- 
explanation of the terms of that text •'' nexed fac-fioiiles of the royaJ fig* 

might be ufeful td many, who, though nature of Henry the Fifft, of England, 

BotQ:^akers, do not clearly fee how it wonh engraving (Jig, 7). They art 

can authbrixe the article in queftion, ac- ^.ara^ copies from original grants from 

cording to the vulgar acceptation of the that monarch j the one in the fourth, 

woids of that article. The principal the other in the eleventh year of hia 

lerms of the text allcdged are varioufly reign. Yours, &c, Jf, 

interpreted, and one of them varioufly -^ ■ ' '■ 

rendered in different vrriions. E. D. Mr. Urban, Hrv. 10. 

•M^^ np H E inclofed (fig. 8) is a facfimilc 

Mr. UttCAN, Pet'Uforib, April 18. -■- of Henry VIIL It Is to a licenco 

1SEND you a drawing of a gold coin granted to one of my anceflors to ufc 

found lately in the Wealds of SuiTex and exercife his crofs-bow, without in- 

ffig. 6). It appears ib me to be a the- terruption or danger from any A^ or 

\u\n of Antonio Grimani, who was Proclamation to the contrary, in the 

fele^^ed Doge of Venice in 1521, and ^xth year of his reign. The feaWit 

tdrho reigned only as months. The worn off. It may be common for any 

flrawiD^ is of the exa£l fize of the coin, thing that I know, as may the licence 

Vhich weighs two pennyweights, five itfcllj if not, it is at your iervice. 
i^rains. The figures on the firft fide ap. Yours, &c. R. B. 

pear to be tht Do^e and the Pope ; ihc " 

latter in the a£l of acknowledging the ^^r. URBAN, Dgc, 24. 

ibvereigniy of ihe former over tht Gulph T AM forry to fee that the fame turbtr* 

bf Venice, there being a fettled fee an- ^ lent fpirii which Jaid the foundation 

»ually paid by the Apoftolic chamber of the late Birmingham difturbances it 

on that account*. The dotted parts ftill fo bufy in keeping up the ball, by 

^c imperfe^^, from fome injury which prefentine^and publi/brmg addreffes to 

the coin has received. The infcription the Rev. Divine, who fuffered (o much 

^ is ANT.GRIMAN. (the name of the on that occafion *. If theft addrefTet 

Doge), and (placed in a manner quite w«'e merely addreffes of condolence, 

ili£rcnt from what is ufual on coins) "nd dilated by lympathetic humanittr, 

l.u. VBNETt, which, I aprehend, may ^ fliould be much more ready to join la 

muitL Salvator Mundi Fititti, On the than to ccnfure them. Buc nothing can 

banner hanging from the flaff, between be more obvious, than that under the 

ihc two hguict, are the litters li. T. i*»aik of commiferation, their real object 

Jt>bmiMiis nearius. On the reverie ap- >• *o g've a currency to particular no* 

pears to be tht figure of our Saviour en. tioni, which are leveled at the pe«ce 

compaffed with liars, and tiie infcrip. "Dd order of fociety. Thcfe compofi- 

tion aiT. T. XPE. dat. q^tv. regis, "o"* are much more eXpreflive of ran. 

MTE. DVCAT.; which 1 explain thus: cour than of pity ; and theyfeem abun* 

lit itbi^ Cbrifte, daius, quod lu regis ifit dantly better calculated to widen than 

Ateaitn.*' The money of the Doge i$, ^o heal thofe breaches, the exidence o£ 

I have MndcrAood, always llruck in the ^hich every well-dirpofed perfon fm. 

i ' - ■' cerely laments. 

' ♦ See Groflcy's **Ncw Obfervatiorts on To judge from the flyje of theTccird- 

Italy and its lnhabitart<, written in French, "ons, and of the replies thereto, wt 

by two $we<tiih Gcntlemcni*' tranflaled valQ feould imagin e tjrat a great Philofopher, 
Ekgllli by Du Nogrnt, l^iq. • Sm our Revi<.w, pTT^kT'tH^ 

wh* 



iii Remarh m tbi varlius Jddttjftt i$ Dr. Prieftkjr, 



[Feb. 



who had palTed hit life iir a ipanner piciout induftry their o^diod, ** thai 
p^rfedly quiet and inoftcnfive, had been tttpevfle (in all countries) bmvi a ritbt 
marked out at the objeA of the moft t9 ebuj€ ihiir' •von Govgrwtrs^ to emjbiir 
cruel and wanton perfecutibn, and that them far mifcndufft and to thuji a GO" 
the nilert of the State, and the beads of vnumint f$r tbtmfelyis }" a do£lrine, 
' the Church, had hired bands of ruffians, 
mnd czpofed a orincij^ manufa^uring 
town to deftruaion, in order to exter- 
minate a man who had dared to differ 
with them in fpeculative opinions. How 
different is the real cafe.! Dr. PrieAley 
by bis writings and difcourfes bad made 
the public confider him as the decided 
foe of the Britiih conftitutton in Church 
and State. Profejffing the principle, that 
fiibmiflion was due in all focieties to the 
will of the majority, he was ever con- 
tradi£Hng> oppofing, and infiilting that 
will. Supported by a comparatively very 
fnmll number indeed, he was openly at 
war with eftabliihments, both civil and 
religious, to which the bation was at- 
tached by antient and powerful ties. 
He even made his boaft of laying a 
train to blo%v'up that Church, in which 
the people had been educated, and were 
accudomed to confider as their fure and 
only guide to eternal felicity. 

Having thus rendered himielf an oh* 
}e£t of difguft and fufpicion, the crilis 
arrived, when the imprudence and ob- 
fiinacy of himfelf and his friends ri*. 
pened the indignation, which had been 
long forming, into immediate and awful 
▼engeance. The French Revolution had 
been extolled, celebrated, and com me* 
morated in a manner, that indicated no 
Tery friendly defigns to the conftitution 
of this country. It wa; generally ap- 
prehended that the public meetings held 
•n that pretence were reallv iiftended to 
point out the condudl of France as an 
example to Great Britain, and of courfe 
tbttt they were hollile to our own go- 
vernment, and to public tranquillity at 
liome. 

Suppodng that this apprehenfion waa 
unfounded, both decency and a love of 
order would have dilated fome refpe^ 
and fome facrifice to the public opinion. 
If it is generally fuppofed that an a£^ is 
likely to cxciie tumult and diforder, 
whatever the ab(lra£i: natuie of that adt 
may be, it is dangerous in the perform- 
ance> and ou^ht to be avoided. 

But thefe commemorators petHRcd in 
their aiTemblies, in dehance of almoft 
iiniverfal difapprobation i and they per- 
(iftcd in a manner that was particularTy 



which, broached in fuch a manner, and 
on fuch an occafion, partook much lefs 
of theory than pra^ice, and had more 
the appearance of a fignal for revolt, 
than of a mere philofophical dogma upon 
the fcience of government. Belides, the 
motives afligned for the proceedings of 
thefe gentlemen appeared fo infufficient, 
that other motives, which it mieht not 
be prudent to avow, were naturafly fuf- 
peaed to prevail. For it feemed ex* 
tremely inconfiftent with the feelings of 
humanity and a love for mankind to 
beftow fuch clamorous and unqualified 
applaufe upon a Revolution, which, in 
the opinion of the moft moderate, was 
only a Revolution from defpotifm-to 
anarchy— from a bad government to no 
government — from diftrtfs to ruin— ^ 
Revolution, which, inflead of relieving, 
has (hitherto at leaft) only augmented 
the diftrelTes of a large portion of the 
human race, and which, according to 
appearances, can neither be cftabliflied 
nor overturned but by an effufion of 
blood. Such fcenes and fuch profpe^lt 
might indiice monfters or devils to 
exult} but toChriftiansand real philan* 
thropifts they afford much more occa* 
Aon for failing and prayer than for re- 
joicing and feftivity. Therefore, upoa 
the whole, thefe public meetings. To 
inadequately accounted for, and To per- 
tinacioufly pe'rfifted in, were generally 
regarded as only a£fording occafrons 
for the difcontented, the difaflfeAtd, 
thefeditious, and the flagitious, to af- 
femble together; and, after the exam- 
ple of Gallic Patriotifm, to do their ut« 
moft to involve this happy country iq 
fcenes of fimilar riot and defolation. 

Left 1 ikould encroach too much on 
your valuable Mifcellany, I fhall poft* 
pone what I have further to obferve on 
this fubjed^ to a future opportunity. 
Yours, &c. J. M« 

Mr. Urban, Jan. 13. 

ACCEPT ^ fe%v miCcellaneous itric- 
tures on certain articles in yont 
laft volume. 

. " Nobody," fays Dr. Johnfon, •« de- 
nies that man has a right Arft to milk the 
cow, and to fheer the iheep, and then to 
calculated to inccnfe and alarm. They, kill them for his table.*' Upon this re- 
I'eUAcd thefe oppoit unities for promul- mark, A. Z-. obferves, p. 533, col. a« 
^ting Hvjth iiidc>fat1gable paint and fuf* ** The hO. is, that this right has been 

xcpeatcd ly 



"ff^J] Himarh tn various Jrticta la fJ. LXI. h^lg 

fcpettedlj denied." Perhaps it mMji of the miftakct which Mr.bavit |K>iiif^ 
m U^ has the heat of fire, and the ex- ed out io the Hifiory of the Deciioe aa4 
'itaiceof motion*^ The right to aoi- Fall of the Roman Empire* 
nal food is giveo in a charter of indu* Yours, &c« R. C» 

biuhle authority^ Gen. ix.^ 3, and ia ' ■ 

.terms as explicit as the prior grant to M^Urban» Cowiit, Jum i^. 
which it refers, Gen. i. 29, by which T SEND ' you an infcriptioB (/u;, 9) 
the fruits of the earth were gi?en man, •«- oTer a chimney-piece iiii^ oldnrm* 
for meat. This boon, conferred on the houfe at Pinchbeck, near Spalding, Lta* 
whole race, the whole race have ever coloHiire. It feems to have been a re* 
fince .enjoyed { though they may too li^ious houfe, as there are images of 
often have forgotten their benefa£^ory fainfs on the outAde. I think it is 
and been ignorant of the record which ** Paul de Hery [or Bery] lies here, 
lecured their tenure. All this Dr. God have mercy on their fouls;" mean* 
Johnfoii well knew, and therefore was ing him and his family perhaps. It ap« 
warranted to afiirm, as generally as he pears to be antient, by kur being oied 
does, ^ Nobody denies the right" in for liur. In repairing the chimney* 
queflion ; notwichftanding a few Pytha* piece, part of a word is gone out of tne 

Sreans formerly, whofe fingularity was top of the arch. I have al(b Asnc a 
(crredly ridiculed by their contempo- token of St. Ives, which fell ioto mf 
raries, and perhaps one or two modern hands. (Sti fig, 5). 
philofophers, whofe conceits often me« Yours, &c. J. Mi. 

rit little more attention, may have dif- 1 ■ ■ 

poted the right, and oppofed the com* Mr. Urban, Feb. 9. 

non pradiceand common fcnfe of man* TT has been objected to tht able an- 
kind. Numberlefs expredions in the -■• thor pf ** Refle6lions on the conTn>- 
beft authors, couched as this is in uni* verHal wricings of Dr. P. j" of which 
▼er(al terms, mull be underftood with work fee your vol. LXI. pp. 553. 1 107. 5 
fome exceptions, which the letter 14 that he does not fcrupie to maintain; 
rigorous conftru^ion totally excludes. that " he who denies the divinity of 

P. i07, col. 2. Mr. Williams, in his Chrid is not a Chriftian/* If belitving 
xeal for the good bifliop Ferrar, miftakes ^itb tbt heart that Jifus i»as tbt Chrtjt 
a common expreflion. in the *' redo* is all that conftitutes a Chiiftian, as far 
ration of the temporalities" no led emo- ^% faith is concerned, it is conceived the 
lument was gained to the fee, as he objeflors will tind it a difficult talk to 
feems to imagine; but the temporal prove, that faith in Chrift does not ia* 
property of the bi(hopric, which, as elude all that the Scriptures teach about 
afual, had been committed by the crown h»« pcrfon, chara6^er, and offices |, oir 
to the care of fume one (Ivled keeper, that the divinity of Chrift is not alTerted 
or guardian of the temporalities, during in the New Teliament. I do not feet 
the vacancy, was, when the fee was difpofed to revive the controverfy, onlf 
filled, given to the new bilhop. This throw out this hint for the confidera- 
is called the rcftoration of the tetnpo- tion of every man, who, with me, pro« 
ralities, as Mr. Urban, and many of hi& feifes himfelf A Christiaii« 

readers, well know, though they have ■■ ■ 

Bot informed this worthy coriefpondent. M r. Urban, Fth, 10. 

P. 7*6, col. 2. The prefcnt incum- ^t ^ O the AJvocates for the Ai>otitiQn wf 
hent of Burton did not purchafe the -^ the Slave Trade, 1 would eameAly 
advowfon. His father obtained it by recommend *' A particular Account of 
courfe of law, as heir to Airs. Vernon, the Cummencement and Progrefs of the 
I believe it has lately been I'oid. • Infurref^ion of the Negroes in St. Do« 

P. loof. L. L.difcovers neither ihame mingo, which began in Auguft laft. 
Aor forrow for his untrutHs and al'per- Being a T/anHation of the Speech made 
fions. I ftncerely lament that refpefla- to the National Aflembly, the 3d of 
Ue talents, and extenrivelearning,fhould Nov. 1791, by the Deputies, from the 
aot be accompanied with proportionable General Aifembty of the French part of 
candour* He may amufe himfelf with St. Domingo ;" printed by order of the. 
his wit as long as he pltafes. National AiTembly. The tra£k in 40 

P* 1098* Thecriticifmson **£xulis" pages is in £^ngli(h, and indiffercnd/ 
1 do not meddle with; but " idolatras" tranflated, but at prefent only in private 
ftould be ** ido/(0latrAS." This was one circulation among the Well India mer« 

chants. 



%%% hfumaitn rf the Negroei m St. Domingo. £ Feb. 

cffcrtd ot tnrineipies incompatible with tbey to contribute towards that end , that 

the lAtereftt of the mother-eountry ; thejr obliged us to abandon it, bj ezcit- 

fvhen, in fpite of ht infidious adYice, ing in our ilaves a fpirit of mutiny, and 

ym% have declined to adopt them, fiill among u» fufpicion. In orderto melio* 

are we accufed by the Society of their rate gradually the lot of the (laves, and 

' invention; and they take hold of the iacreafe the number of the emancipated, 

declaration of the RigbU tf Mutf an there ihould certainly be a previous fo« 

* imiMiTtal work» and beneficial to en- licitous attention to the fecurity of their 

lightened men, but inapplicable, and mailers. But an expedient fo wife 

therefore dangerous to our regulations, would have had no weight in the Tern* 

They fend it witU profufion to our co« pie of Fame. Vanity commanded that 

lonies i .the generals in their pay, or elFeflive meafures (hould be relinqurlhed 

under their influence, circulate this de- for declamation; that we ihuuid be fur- 

flaratipn in the midft of cur gangs. The rounded with terror and alarm ,* and that 

writings of the Amis dts Stgrgt openly calamities ihould be contrived, which 

announce, that tbi freedom •/ theHt" we have predi6led fmce the earlie^pro- 

grari u frulmwud by tbi dteiarmtioM of ceedingsof the Amis da Noirs, and which 

Bifbis. The decree of March 8, which have now recently been realized. Shortly 

kn internal regulations for the moft after, thi& Society requires the aboatim 

pan under the controul of the colonial §f tbi Stawi Tradi, i. e. that the profits 

Mgiiurion, feemed calculated to check which refult from it to the commerce of 

thefe defpcrate plots. But can the Ami* France (hould be transferred to foreign* 

^i Noirs reverence any law but their crs; for neter will thefe romantic phf« 

own ? When they found that they had lofophers perfuade all the powers of 

malv flattered themfelves with obtain- Europe that it is incumbent on them to 

tag ff^om the North Americans the e« abandon the cultivation of their colo* 

nMncipation of the (laves, they attempt- nies, and leave the natives of Africa a 

ad to introduce contention among us by prey to the barbarity of their tyiants, 

perfuading the Aflbciation to take ^n it* rather than employ them eUewhere, un« 

lelf the queftion of the ?npU of Colour^ der more humane mailers, to cultivate 

a mixed race, partially dcfcended from a foil which without them muft remain 

the Blacks. They collc^le'd together uncultivated, and whole valuable pro- 

Ibfne of thefe at Paris, extol their un- du£lions are, to the nation who pofTefles 

derftandings, and invite them to unite them, a fertile fuurceof indudry and pro* 

their caufe with that of the Negioes. fperity. Combining itl'elf next with 

Thefe *men pafs over to St. Domingo, the revolution in France, this Society 

and communicate to the (laves thofe conne£ls its extravagant and unreafon- 

bopes with which they have been a- able fyftcm with the plan %vhich th^ 

mufed, and by libels and books encou- nation has conceived for its aifran- 

rage the mtn of colour and the ilaves to chifement; and, availing themfelves of 

a general infurreClion and maiTacreofthp the univerfal ardour of all Frenchmen 

whites* Ogc's brother coufelled on his in the caufe of liberty, intcrclls'them, 

death-bed, that, had not the rains and from the remembracc of their fcrvitude, 

floods prevented, 11,000 rebel Negroes in its dcfign, to put an end to that of 

would have poured down on the Cape the Negroes, its blind euihufiafm, of 

|b early as February, in the roidd of its perverfenefs, forgets that thefe fa* 

|hit ferment and general delirium, while vages are incapable of knowing liberty, 

the Whites were agitated by difiruft or enjoying it with moderation, and 

and terror, and the Negroes were in* that the la^ indulging themfelves in a 

dulging, and held* only at the will of a thoufand fatal dreams, was the decree 

^nguinary defpot." of May 15 agitated. A (hoal of writings 

** Meantime a fociety arifes in the before and fince have been dilTeminata;^ 

Vofom of France, and prepares at a d if- among our gangs. Thefe have been 

tance the dcAru^ion and convulHons to read and commented upon { tbefe terri* 

whiclr\%e are now t pre^. Unobtrufive' ble words, the fignal ot bloodlhed and 

and moded in their outlet, they profelt conflagration, perish the colonies. 

only a defire to alter the lot of our It was then that a minider of the Go* 

ilaves : but that alleviation, fo perfected fpel of peace, in a letter addrefled to hiii 

in the French iflands, mult reiult from brethren the Men of Colour, announced 

ineans totally uuknown to them while to our (laves, that foon Jbould tbe fun 

they %vere the obje£ls of our unceafiog fii^* ^^ '*''>' butfrumm. Un our arri* 

i(tt6ntion ; and fo .entirely unfit were Tallin th^ capiul, we find ourfelvea 

preceded 



' >79^I InfitmOign in St. Domiqgo.— /ii*. £v»n Evans ? 139 

fivce^eJ bv nt'ttmn j« With a cruelty mi the merchaott and proprietors eanooe 
•foaled oBly by their dtfrcgard to pro- wholly accompliih. We fpeak not of 
Mbilicy, our enemies have dared to in* individuals f but yon wilJ examine what 
vent and report, that our conftituents on your part the iocereft of the colony 
wen the contrivers of their own afflic* and the nation requires. Reprefentativet 
tiatt I and to affirm, that the abfurd and of the people of France, you havp heard 
barbarous proje£l of a counter-revolu- a recital of the greauft calantity that 
lion was the objeft to which they had has vilited the human race in the tourfa 
iacrificcd their properties, families, and of the i8ch century 1 you have hcarif 
lives* They have dared to fay that we the complaint of the firft colony in the 
wiihed to offer our fealty to Great Britain, world neceflary to the eatftence of that 
Our reply to this fal(ky is very iimple ; nation whofe concerns are placed in 
it is written in every page of our Verbal your hands : the colony wiihes to inte* 
Psoccfs. There we have manifeflcd our reft you only by its feelings and its fuf- 
principlea, and we can fafely affirm the ferings; it demands from you JUSTici, 
full performance of our duty. A Jour^ safety, sffccoua!" 
nalilt had printed the decrees of May The lofs fuftained is eHimated at up« 
13 and i^, with the fpeechof M. Men* wards of twenty miitions fterJing; the 
oeron, deputy of the ifle of France. Negroes killed are computed at 12,000} 
The firft depoHtiont ftate, that thefe the £aropeans amount to about 9oo.-« 
oapers, with thofe of the pretended phi* This is a fair experiment of the new 
lanthropiils, were read and commented French fyftem; and Jet Engliftmen welt 
upon by a Mulatto on Normand's plan- confider it 1 Q. 
tation, in the no£lurnat afTembtiei when . 
the Negro-drivers met who arc now the Mr. Ur ban, Feb, 8. 
ringleaders of the rebels. In the excia- T^ V£RY lover of our early antiqui* 
nations againft France for betraying ^-^ ties, who knows the utility of them 
the colonifts, the General Aflembly *to illuftrate fucceeding periods, muft 
took every meafure for their fecurity, commend the induflry and endeavour! 
and armed the Mulattos with the fol- of Mr. Evan Evans, whofe letter you 
diers of the Cape regiment,. What have inferted in your ▼ol. LXI, 1174. 
wonder or caufe of complaint had they Pity it is his countryman, who commu* 
«alled in the Englifh to affift and pro« nicated it to you, did not tell you what 
teft them } It is now proved that the fuccefs his application met with from 
influence of the Amis des Noirt is fatal his countrymen, to whom it is addreffed, 
to the colonies. There is not an unpre- or whether a man of his merit was left 
indiced man who can doubt that their to Oarve on a fcanty curacy, without 
iabourty their declamations, their writ- the opportunity of indulging his fa* 
iags, their infamous writings, have been vourice purfuit; whether any dioce* 
the a^ive perfcTering caufe, which, for fan rewatdtd his undertaking, and re- 
two years paft, hat paved the way for lieved his neceifities ; or %yhether he is 
our ruin, and has at length fucceeded." gone to the bourn whence no traveller 
.^ A hundred times have we foretold returns, and his MSS. have perifhed 
the evils of which we are the ¥i£^ims, with him. If he is f^ill in the land of 
4Bd imprecated the public vengeance on the living, and not abfolutely incapaci- 
the hateful manoeuvres of thoie men tated from fol^wing his purfuit, it 
who convulfe our country under ibe would bean obje£l well worthy your at* 
m^Jk ofbitwumitf. We have gained no tencion, and, I am fure, not unpleafing 
redrels* O I wuty tbt drtadful cataftr^phg^ to your difpoiition, to recommend him 
^ nnbieb n»e bmn Jkttcbed to you tbt fi€' to public notice. I will open a Tub* 
lar#, firvt ms -a logon for futurity^ and fcription for him at my banker's when* 1 
fr^nrvi from Uko caiamitios tbofe of our ever you can procure further informa* 
fAvtiUiXiins to *wbofe lot tboy have not tion of him. AnTiqUARiut. 
"jftifsUgnt It is to your Headinefs in ■ '■■ ■ , ., 
punilbine the authors of our difaflers, Mr. Urban, Feb. tj» 
and checking their new cflforts, that the T^IG- >• pi- HI* in your Supplement, 
WetUrn and Southern provinces took Jl reprefents St. James the Greatf or 
lor their fecurity. A* forthe Northern, ofCompoAella in Spain, charaAerized by 
the iolTes are irreparable ; immenfe ca* the pilgrim's flaflr and wallet, and by 
.picalt are funk 1 the reftoranon of its in- the efcallop on his hat. 
dnftry te^uires fuch an advance of fnndl P. 117SJ col. 1, 1. 36J tead Go/dwell. 
.QBHT.MhQiFtSruwy, 17^. « * IwiQi 



I |q MiftJkumi Rimsrh.'Su Geofge.— Richard Bloant* [Febt 

I wilh your conpofitor would hare tt« Mr. Us.Bii«, Wmcbtfitr^ Fth.ii* 

tended to the legend of the feal, fie. d^ T AM called upon, p. i3t hy a writert 

and not hare made abfolute nonfenie ox ^ who fignt himfelf ** A Brother 

UybyprmtingiiMiiaMrinileadof flMMf. F.A.S." to point out <'the hiftorlant 

p. itSa^ col. 2. Mallet's mon tbi^n who give a clear and authentic account 

mdMtgbt JUnci may rank with Lucan't of St. George,** in order to refcoe the 

plufyumn civUia Mim, memory of this celebrated faint, who it 

r. 1187. Your correfpondent Can« at once the patron of our country, of ovir 

tab. bat told us who Bundan's afi wa^ Sovereign,' of the Order of the Garter, 

but not who BuridoH himfelf was. and of the Antiquarian Society, ** from 

All who have written concerning the being confounded with fabulous and 

fiort and inglorious reign of Jamet II. non-ezifting charaAers." Without en* 

«gf«e in his great attention to the Eng* tering into any explanations on the fub- 

lilh pavy; yet I find no mention of Ad- je6^ at prefent, I ihall content myfelf 

miral Strong in his feryice. The defign with promifing to ufe my beft endea* 

ol the medal in vol. LXII. pi. IIL p. vours to fatisTy this gentleman, in the 

19^ evidently refers to his gre^t fuctefs manner which I conceive will be mod 

In divhg fir ncovinug U/is by Jkip^ acceptable to him, as foon as I can find 

mnrtck in 1687 1 but where or how it leifure for that purpofe ; which, I hope, 

l^ot ftated. will be before the next return of this 

. I find by Mr. Hafted's Hiftory of faint's feftival. 

Kent, HI. 37, that Sir Jamet Hayes, Your correfpondent M. Green is dc« 

knt. was poflefled of Bedgebury manor, firout of receiving more particulars than 

in Goudhurfi, in the reign of Charles IL he has dated of the life of Richard 

by alienation from Thomas Colepeper, Blond, whofe portrait he has caufed to 

•iq. whofe ancefiors had been pofleffed be engraved. It will probably be fome 

of it from the time of Henry VL Sir addition to his .fiock of information to 

James rebuilt this feat, 1688, at a fmall know that his family-name was Blount*i 

iftance from the antient maafion, and which being transformed into BUndus^ ia 

bore for his arms, Axure, 3 efcutcheont Latin, the name by which he wat known 

Gules. Rachel, Vifcountefs Falkland, abroad, was contra^cd into Blond 00 

' whom he married, muft have been le- his retm-n to England. On changing 

Xi€i of Henry, third vifcount, who died his religion, he left Oxford, and retired 

1664, and wat Ton of the celebrated to the Engliih college at Douay, as ap« 

Vifcount Lucius. The Peerages of pears by the Diary of that houfe, and 

IScotlaiid do not give the modern name afterwards fiudied both at Rome and 

of this lady, or the next fucceeding vif- Valladoliid. He officiated for fome 

countefs. vears in this kingdom as a fecular prieft 

St. Cuthbert's beads, p. it, are a before be became a Jefuit, and waa 

fpecies of entroibi picked up among the much efieemed^ by tbofc who kntw 

rocks by the children, who fell them to him, in both capacities. Being made 

travellers. They are pretended to be Provincial of his order, he had fome 

ilruck ofFa rock by the Saint, who, on debates with Panaani, who wat agent 

ceiuin nights, fits on an oppofite one from Rome to Henrietta-Maria, Queen 

for that purpofe. See Grofe's View of to Charles 1. j which debates, however. 

Holy Ifland, pi. Ill, and the account were carried on with charity and tern* 

under it. Your fig. 10 refers to ** the per on both fides, as appears bv their 

knob of the horn or corn ucopidf." letters. He refided for fome time at 

P. t4, col. 2, I. 5 from bottom, read Scotney, in Kent, the feat of the Dar- 

Fiarhale. rels; where being once in danger of ap* 

What your correfpondent, L. E., p. prehenfion, ata time when his chara^ier 

SS> pfopof^ for England, has been, m alone, in the eye of the law, confiituted 

fomedejgree, done for Ireland in Mr. a crime, he e^Fe&ed his efcape by wad- 

Archdale's MtmafiUmi Hibirmicum (fee ing through the moat which furroundf 
LVI. 973)f not indeed by a mapi but that antient edifice. 

by a defcription of the remains of the Fig. 1. pi. III. in your Supplementf 
noft intereftinfl; religious houfet. The appears to be intended to repre^nt ^ 
many views of ruins continually pub- pilgrim, with 4iis bottle tied to bis girdle 
lilhing would fumiih a confiderable aid on one fide, and his provifions on the 

|o this defign. other ; with his fiaff in his right-hand^ 

f . 61, aol. a, 1. 36, rtad cU^fcaU to which a packet is fufpended that 

XoU^i *?• p. H. <t^afJ|iOi4Mo«Bqoy'tfcwiily? BniT, 



i79^«j Latinising Surnames f^Liitrary D^ratatiim ixp§fid. i^t 

^bftUp eftr hit AoQlder, and with a 
imittlatcd book in his left, and with the 



cftallop ihell fixed in his hat. As fuch^ 
'it may be intended for St. James the 
Greater, who it geoeralfy thus re« 
preiented 2 and it poffib^y once formed 
pan in a group of the twelve apoflles, 
which were fixed round a grace-cap, or 
'p$aiiMm ibmritaiis, of the fame materials 
with the figure, which might have be- 



Catechifmby Paley, p^ 34* 

Mr.UftBAN,Miir/S^#aSfi^-/r. Fib* it. 

WHEN the prefs teems with innu* 
merable publications in every de- 
partmen tof Literature, it is no wonder 
that many of them are mere com* 
pilations; the obfervations, argumenttf 
and opinions, of preceding writerSp 
thrown together into one general mafs. 



longed to the nunnery on the iite of and prefented to the publick under fome 



which it is faid to have been found. 
Certain it is, that there is in the poflef- 
fion of the Right Hon. Lord Arundel, 
at Wardour Caftle, a* cup of this fort, 
but formed of box-wood, thus orna* 
iDented witb the twelve apofiles, which, 
ttmdition informs us, once belonged to 
the celebrated abbey of Gaftonbury. 

There feems to be an error, probably 
of the preft, in the Leonine verfe, vol. 
jLXT. p. 1178, by foiftingin the particle 
hi§ before the adje£bve memor, which 
fpqjls the fenfe, and is not authorized 
Dy the legend on the feal, fig. 4, as you 
iuve engraved it. 

I entertain a diie refpe^ for the figna- 
txkft oT p. H. ; and, when I am ac- 
auainted with the reafons which that 
learned and veteran Antiquary has for 
fejeding my loofe conje&ures concern* 
log Nos. I and 2, Flati UL I have no 
doubt bu^ they will make the fame im- 
prcffion upon roe that they have done 
upon him : till then, however, I muft 
adhere to my former opinion. 

Yours, &c. John MiLNBR. 



Mr. Urban, Kibiu§rtby Lite. Fib. 22. 

YOUR fenfible correfpondenr, " An 
Antient Briton," vol.LXI. p. 911, 
who has my thanks for flirting the i'ub* 

led, has obferved, that the cudoij) of nifhing the publick with a more accurate 
Latinizing (tiinames has frequently ap- treatile on the fubjedfc. At the editor's 



new and oflenutious title. We have 
volumes after volumes, collected from; 
the works of the moft eminent authors^ 
filled with heterogeneous fraements^ 
which diilraft and confound the rta* 
der's memory and imagination, and 
confequently leave no ufefui impreffioa 
on the mind. 

Some dealers in this piratical com- 
merce take every opportunity they can 
feize, for convertmc; the works of othera 
to their own emolument. With this 
view, they mangle and pillage them i& 
an arbitrary manner, till they have 
either made the original coropofitioa 
appear to the mmolT difadyantage, or 
devoured it as rapacioufly aia the bar« 
pies devoured the provifions of JEncat 
and his companions. 

Though, as the author of two or threa 
humble publications, 1 did not imagine 
that I ibould be exposed to piratical de« 
predations, yet I have found myC||£de« 
ceived. I did not recollef^^ |hac a petty 
thief will (leal ^fcrapir. 

I had no fooner printed ** An Eflay 
on Pun£luation" than a gentleman, 
whofe name is Mr. S , copied a 
confiderable number of the rules, aad 
examples, and inferted them io a worl^ 
of his own, under the pretence of fur- 



pcared to him Orange and abfurd, and 
requefied fome of your learned corre- 
iboadeats to inform him why that mode 
is ib generally adopted ; none of whom 
ftem at prcfent to have complied with 
his rcquelt From a conviAiun that it 
would be fatisfadory to many otheis,«as 
well as the gentleman above alluded to, 
and rnvfclf, 1 am induced to renew his 
Itqueff, and beg fome of your corre* 
^adepts will have the goodnefs to 
comply with it, affuring them that it 
proceeds from no other motive than a 
Ijcal wiih for information. 

Yours, &c. J. 6. 



profeflions were fo bmevoUiitf I am dif- 
pofed to confider this petty larceny at 
nothing more than the art of book* 
making. 

Upon the publication of the ** Dif- 
fcrtation on the Parian Chronicle,'' a 
more hardy poacher in literature feiead 
above fifty pages, and grofsly mifrepre- 
fented aimoft every other part of that 
unfortunate Diflertation; and by the 
help of long quoutions, blundering cri- 
ticifros, and fcurrilous inve6Hves, he 
compofed a volume^ which he flyled a 
<^ VioJicatioo of the Parian Chronicle.'* 
The theft I can more eafily pardon than 
' •^t We aregreatly obliged to Mr. G. for the mifrtpri/intati§ns -^ bccaufe, by the 
ki«fBi4pap6fS which came with this letter, formeri be has only purloined a fcvr 

8a^<6a\ 



1 3t Bpi Hboper«— LHIibiirIecD.--Gbarj^#r rf Weflejr. [Feb. 

pagei ; whtms, bf t1ielitMr,helutett- ailei but I bttt ao topy of Itfr Bpitul^ 
dkavourcd to make the author acoouot- sor the blason of the arms oo either 
able forabfurditiesbeneTermaiDtained. monurocat. All thcfe paiticulars, I 
8ome time after the appearance of prefume^ will be deuiledjn Mr* Collin- 
** Ao ItroduAion to the Study of polite fon's «< Hiftfy •f Smnerfitjhtre^*' which 
Literature," a certain reverend gentle- I nnderlUnd is (hortly to fee the light, 
man in the North republiflied the greauft SoPHiSTACaMTABKiGiE^tlt may 

Srt of that trad for the ufe of Sundajr* find LtUibwrUtr^ in Ftrcfs Rtiiquis *g 
liools, and others in general. To this Vol. IL. p. 367} and, if he is mufical, 
compilation he hat prefixed hit name may fee the notes to which thefe ** fpirit* 
and his titles of honor, William Fnitjf Airriog" words were originally funp;, in 
M. A.. Archdeacon of Carl ifle. But 71^ D««r//^ if ^^/r, 18th Edit, printed 
he has not condefcended to mtlce the by W. Peanoni (no date) Vol.1, p, 156. 
Its/l acknowledgment, or offer the lead A. Z. mav be fatisfied about the 
apology for his plagiarifm, ihongh it meaning of tne Pafling-bell by confult- 
confiitutes the firft thirty pages of his ing the id chap, of Bourw^t Mti^uiiatis 
publication ; to which be has fubjoined Fufgrnra, with Mr. Brand's additions, 
the catechifm, a few piflages of fcrip- YourSi &C S. 9» 

tnre, two or three prayers, fome Hvini - 

fi9gs^ and other pious cbIUSmmu^ which Mr. UaB an» Fibriuuj ti. 

vrouid not have anfwrred bis purpofe, 'TTOUR rery entertaining correfpon- 
^ been ialeabley without the former X dent the WAND£R£Ry wandered 
part. ' a little out of his ufual coorfct p. 15, in 

I think mvfelf amply juftified in thus girtng the publick fome ftrifiures on the 
mentioning the editor of this difingenu- chara&r and condud of Mr. John 
out publieation, as it continues to be Wefley. As a ft ranger to Mr. Wefley, 
fold (notwithftandine a fwrmtr remon- I cannot difprove what is adfanced b/ 
ftrance) by his 'bookfellert in Carlifle yaur correfpondent, who in the early 
and Bond-ureet*! In his next edition the part of life not only knew him, bur, 
confcientious archdeacon is deiircd to in* from his being on the fpot when the 
form his readera, how fuch an invafion tranfafiionstookplacei mull befuppofed 
of prirate property can be juflified on well informed. Thare is however one 
the ^* Principles or Moral and Political circumftance which ftrikes me very for* 
Philofophy." cibly, ancf 1 truft it will many of your 

Arthe ingenious young ftodents of Readers; and that is, that Mr. Wefley 't 
the Floating Academy are fubjeft to own account of the whole bufinefs, whe- 
penal ftatutet, it is but reafonable, that ther true or falfe, was given to the world 
all pilferers in the republic of letters many years fince, at a time when many 
ihould be chaftized, in proportion to of the perfons concerned were living, 
their demerits. Your impartial iiy, Mr. and confequently had a fair opportu* 
Urban, and regard for ingenuous learn- nity of conradi£ling his account, bad 
ing, will, I hope, induce you to give chejr found it falfe, or in any nnianer 
tbefe (lri£tures a place in your Maga- unjulUy reflcding 00 them. This con« 
sine ; not for the fake of the writer, but du£^ of Mr. Wefley was fair and open { 
for the moft important purpofes, the and i think X may venture to aflert, with- 
difcouragement of plagiarifm, and the out fear of J>eing contradicted, that he 
protection of literary property. has hirof'elf met with very different treat* 

Toun, &C. J . RoBBRTsON. ment.— Scarcely was he in his grave, be* 
' ■■ ■ ■ fore Mr. Hampfon's Life made its ap* 

Mr. Urban, Ef^. 19. pearance. Another Publication of Let« 

THE infcription on Bifliop Hooper's ters, relative to hirofelf and his family, 
monument in W^lls Cathedral were fcnt into the world by Dr. PrieAicy» 
contains a long character of that prelate with the btmvolint intentian, no doub€» 
In Latin, but not a fyllable about his of doing all poffible jufiet to the da« 
lamilv. If I miflake not, Mrs. Hooper, ceafed, and fetting things in acUmr Ugbu 
theBlfliop'sLady,i s int erred in the fame Of Mr. Hampfon J never heard till the 

^ • This fraudulenr^blicatioti, enckuled ' , -"^ : TZ'T', * ■ 

^ The Youiig Chriftian inftniaod inRead- , * It may bs fijund alfo m a book called 
ing," kc bears (bme appeannce and fymp. "Revolution Pohlicks, 1733 iT a coUeAioa 
toms of guiU in its fronu— No London book- ^ Repeats circulated prior to and during 
feller's name, though pobiahod in tbemetix^ " RcvohiUoiw i688t Mm^. Dmdm, 
foliti pvW 



M^fxJ] PnMk Cmfepmuts tfth Mmbnim <s,Ff ance. 1 3) 

-MbliMtkNi of hit book» tad aumot Fnnctevwhatbeen hicbcrto,>or here* 

thmfore be ruppofed to have any enmity ifeer amy be, the ctufe of unhappiDefs 

Wmu6% him.— I fliould be forry.to judge to this kingdom* it am only be by meant 

iurdly of any man. Bat I cannot help of an expenfive and bloody war \vithout, 

obfervinff, that bis book made its ap- nnd cabinet intrigues within j and whc- 

•earance at a very fufpicious period j and ther the late change in her government 

aocwichaaoding Mr. Haropfon gives a will be any hindrance to her purfuance 

ver? different account, there is too much of thofe meafures. time mn(l difcorer. 

icafoii to fufpea. that the book was Every man has a right to doubt of. that 

teady prepared to be fcnt into the world, of which he is not convinced. From 

whenever the event of his death fliould what I know of the French charaaer, 

ttke place; and that, had Mr. Wefley (and I have had foroe opportunity of 

been yet living, Mr. Hampfon's book making myfclf acquainted with it, and 

had not been heard of. In fo long and efpecially fincc the Revolution), I «m 

fo aaive a life, as was that of Mr. John perfuaded the French in general enur- 

Weiley, it would be wonderful indeed tain a MOiUnml diflike to the Sngliib, 

sfenvyandcalumnf could And nothing and will often exprefs it, when not 

to f^rp «ii but I fliall ever be of opinion, filenced either by fear or intereft. This 

that Mr. Wcflty may with grtat pro. prejudice is not diminiflied by the reco- 

Jriety have applied to him, what Dr. very of their liberty; and I am convinced 

ohnfon faid of Mr. H^nivav, of it by my own obfervation, both nt 

*• HewoiamoM %obofe failings may U jt^ly home and on the continent. Whoever 

fankHtdfor Atj Virtues." ' doubts my aflertion may confult *• Brif- 

Yours, &c. O. P. fot de Warville's late publication of hit 

— American Tour," where that unre- 

Mr. U B B A N , DurbMtt Feb, S. ftrained Demagogue has freely and com^ 

ON the Death of Lord f(aveHfwrib^ mttidably told his unvarniflied ule, 

the Baronetage defcended to the and thundered out his laic anathemas 

late Sir Henry George Liddell (not Sir againft our nation. Though we do not 

Henry George Havtnjkjoortb [liddell). He dej'erve them of him, yet we have reafon 

Is fucceeded by his fon» now Sir Tboauu to thank him for the devclopcment of 

Liddell, who is at prefcnt abroad. his fcntiments, which, 1 am inclined to 

Ooeconfequence of the late BouliVir-^ think, are thofe of a great majority of 

fimmt of monadic Inftitutions in France, the LegiJUuive National AlTembly. Many 

flibft be a gift to the world of a great exceptions to this general outline I glory 

avmber of valuable books and MSS.— • to have met with in mj Wanderings. 

Among the other luxuries which at* Many fuch there were in the conftitttt* 

tnnded the life of eafe /> gtrteral led in Ug National Aflcrobly, and I venture xm 

thole confraternities (1 fay in ggniral, fuppofe with confidence there are many 

§or 1 do not believe it was unn/tr/allj fuch in the Ugi/Uuivi9 who, while they 

fe) it is not to be fuppofed the good fo- fupport the Revolution tvith all theif 

- litaim would forget mental amufement. ^ight, will honor their king, counfel 

The libraries of many of them muft have their coHcitcytMS with fobriety, and em% 

coBiained feveral Sujets Precieux. brace with the arms of affe^ion their 

I picfume they are now the property of brothers in mortality from the poleio tho 

the nation ; but, as I am not in the way tropic. Thofe, and thofe only, are they 

of procuring authentic information how who truly fulfill the duties ot the maOf 

ihev have been difpofed of fince their the fubjcA, and the cttiten, 

tnnafer, I dare fay you, Mr* Urban, I am afraid, Mr. UriMin, I have 

will join me in requefting the intelligent tr^nrgrelTcd the bounds of your patience i 

Wanderer, or any other of your learned but, by all this, 1 hope I fliall not bt 

correfpondents, to favour us with an ac* underflood to be illnatpredlv caviling 

coant of what has fallen under their ob* with Sir Jofeph's ideas on the French 

ftfration refpeaing thofe literary dif* Revolution. No, I think be writes as 

Ciy^eriet. ^^ open-hearted, fincere Engliihman i 

With Sir Jofeph Mawbey, and every and your correspondents and the lt« 

tni« " Englilbroan, I rejoice at all times teiary world are infiniuly obliged to hia 

VbcB liberty, that firft of bledings, takes for his late .valuable communications. 

plaee of arbitrary government)" but i But I exprefs myfelf with 'the greater 

iuiiiot ** think the happinefs of our freedom, as, I truft, the worthy Baronet 

Oim country depends much on the ef- is no enemy to freedom of cxprelTion (if 

Mifliacat of (icedom in Frgnce/' If it do not, degcaexau to licentioofnnlsj 



•« 



pther in DemoCMCey Ariftocfate, or 
ModM. 

Yourt, &C MONAtT. DUNELM. 



l?th. 



pent in fttg^^efttng il pltn for tbe relief of 
ibe indii^erit deaf and dumb. 

We read of public inftitutiont for per- 
font of the above defcriptiod in feveral 
countries on the Continent, particularly 
sn France, which, even amidft its pre- 
fent confufion, arrefled the attention of 
the" National AOembly, who voted for 
its fupport a national prorifion. Should 
this letter be at alt produ£live of any 
benefit to the -obje^s above mentioned, 
it will be a hi||^ gratification to a con^ 
ftant reader of the Gentleman^s Ma* 
gazine* Tours, &c M. D. 

Mr. Urban, FehrMory 14. 

ATTACHED to the ftudy of medi- 
cine from myearlieft years, it it 
with infinite fatisfa£lion I obferve, that 
fome of your iDgeoious and benevolent 
coi refpondents have lately come forward 
with hints and recipes for the preven- 
tion and cure of that moft dreadful of 
all maladies, canine madnefs. But, 
^tmmh, there is no piovifion. Is there in though 1 have read, with the candor and 
■aiurc a more pitiable objeft than a attentlonfojufily due to good intentions, 
rational being, incapable oF communi- all that has been advanced on this Tub- 
caring its ideas, of mMking known its je6l in your Magazine, and indeed moft 
wants, denied the ufe of fpeech, and of the publications that have appeared 
devoted to a dreary melancholy life of for fome years on that alarming diforder, 
filence and dcj^l^ion ? Thatuich objcds 1 am free to confcfs, that I have feen no 



Mr. Urban, Lennifimms Ftb, 7^ 

OBSERVING that in your ufeful 
Mag^ifine due not^ci: is t^kcn of 
avery plan that feems in the leaft ccn- 
^ttcive to the general good of mankind, 
j^rmit me, through its channel, to point 
oQt one, which, in the multitude of cha- 
rities with which this'xountry abounds, 
appears to have been overlooked. 

Numerous are the eftablilhments 
whereby health may be reftored to the 
difeafed, even in the moft aggravated 
circumflancef; where the infant and 
the orphi^n are ftieltered firom; where 
irice bat an opportunity of reclaim- 
ing; where the lame and the blind 
ind a fecure retreat ; and where almoft 
aftry natural deficience may meet 
with alleviation or relief: but for thofe 
objedi of compaflion, the dtmf and 



abound, every day convinces us; and 
that relief may be given them is.equally 
certain. But of this bleHing, the opu- 
lent only can avail themfclves. The 
lew perfonr who profefs the art of teach- 



one completely who enters into my views 
of what may be conlidered as a national 
method of cure. I have long been of 
opinion, that all animal poilbns operate 
nearly in a fimilar manner, though the 



lag the dumb to fpeak, the application efte&s they produce may be vaftly dif- 
neceftary for fuch purpofe, render the ferent t and knowing that olive oil has 



farms (o ezpenfive, that the poor and 
middle clafs of. people are totally de* 
prived of its advantage. 

What led the writer to thefe reflec- 
#ons was, obferving a fine boy, whq, 
from hit birth, to the age of fix years, 
had been incapable of articulation, but^ 
through the indefatigable attention of a 



been proved to be a ipecific for the bite 
of the viper, by a parity of reafoniug I 
have ever concluded, that it muft be the 
only certain antidote for the bite of a 
mad dog too. This I have fuggeftcd to 
fevcral medical men, and others, at dif- 
ferent times, with little fuccefs I own^ 
bfcaufe the moft obvious things arc ge< 



Emtleroaa in the neighbourhood of nerally the leait regarded ; and, never 
ondon, was fo far taught as to giro having had an oppoKunity of trying the 



every thing a diftin^^ name, to ezprcft 
his thoughtt readilv by writing, and to 
raake himfelf perfedly underftood, even 
by Grangers. He has alio feen a poor 



full extent of this remedy myfetf, I 
ihould have felt much diffidence in an- 
nouncing it to the publick, had not 
Q^X. p. 43, informed us, •* that he it 



man, whofe child laboured under the atluied oil has effefled a complete cure, 

fame infirmity, with anxious heart foli« even after the hydrophobia had got' to 

citing for him the like afliftance; but, a dreadful height, by giving it inter- 

alas! not havingthe ability to rccompence nally, and rubbing the body with it." 

Che teacher, h« was oblieed to depart, Thi« is what I always flattered myfelf 

knowing relief for hit child poftible, but would-be the cafe, and, without ob- 

far beyond his power to obtain. The truding theory on yoor readers, wheit 

humaae heart will judge of this poor it can be confirmed by praBUt^ I cor* 

ma'n'sfeelingsjand, ltruft,rotineof your dially unite with Q, X« ia requefting 

able CQcrcfpoAdtntf will employ thtir the phyfician who prefcribtd the oil, 

and 



mk mho had tbe happtncft to witoefs its much like SirmUdUf P^kmmrcbust fir* 

baMfidal tStbitt would oblige the world ge^/rmtuit ^'** In Verftegait's ** Aa« 

wish a fttU account of the procefs. If tiquitjr end Proprictf of the anticae 

I aai» even in the humbleft degree, in* Eneiiih Tongue" occurs the following; 

ftmmenul in obtaining this favor, or of explanation : '* Hirt, an army; Htr^ 

(ailing the attention ofthe facultjf to the itgm, 4 leader or conduAor of an army** 

iaveftikation of the fpecific propofed, I Pp 1094, 5. Of Richard Lovelaoft 

ftalleSeem myfelf a benefaaor to man- your very ingenious correfpondenc nmf 

kiad* Yoursi 3cc. MorVA« find fome account among the *< Bio* 

P« 8. I think the Dutch fpecific va- graphical Sketches*' prefixed to the lait 

luable from the oil only it conuins. Mr. Headley's<*Seleel: Beauties of antieoc 

The beetles, &e. are ufelefs. Nature Englidi Poetry, 17S7 i" which cootaia 

a€ts on the Bmpleft plan; a farrago of the names of^ twenty-nine of our bards^ 

medicines may impede, but feldom for« with fome information and anecdotcf 
wards, her operations to relieve. 



I 



relative to each. 

P. i 16$, col. 2, 1. 58, for << two" fie 
Ibouid read <« three." Sec the ** Po* 
ems" mentioned in i. 6i; among whick 



Mr* Urb/in, Ftb. so. 

N yourlaAJmonth'sMagasinevp. 50,in 
the review of Mr. Bofwell's Life of alfo occurs •• The Poor Man's Prayer,* 



Dr. Johnfoo, is given a (hort lift of 
eminent peribns, who have been edu- 
cated at Pembroke College, Oxford ; at 
the head of which appears the name of 
Spen/ir $ but (to pafs over an error in 
onhoeraphy *), if^ by that name be in* 
tended the poet of Eliza's days, the au* 
thor of the Fairie Queene, be it allowed 
me to point out to you, Mr. Urban, 
th«t not the Ifis, but the C^m, claims 
the nurture of that darting of the Mufes 1 
ke having been a ftudent of Pembroke 
Hall, in Cambridge, , a circufiiftance 
which that Society are flill juftly proud 
of, and have not failed to commemorate 
by a very good portrait of him fufpend* 
ed in their common room, it was with 
tkem too, under the aufpices of the au- 



thor of Etfrida and Caia£tacus, himfelf cioned. 



n<'ticed in p. 1015; where, in col* a^ 
1 1$, erafe *<qa. ;'* and, in the next 
line, for " mafter" (uhf^itute " provoft." 
His ««Jud;*h reflored" may be juftlj 
efteemcd as one of our finetl Milionie 
poems. 

The highly amiable^ pious, learned 
and ingenious prelate, whofc death is fo 
pathetically recorded in pp. 93, 94, was 
for fome time iinder ihe tuition of the 
Rev. Mr. Deodatus Bye, at Maidftoae, 
whofe truly primitive piety and-variout 
learning rendered him eminent in hit 
day, and whofc memory was revered by 
all ivho knew him. He always fpoke 
with the greateft efleem of his pupil, 
who tefiitied an equal refped: for his 
preceptor whenever his name was mt 



once an aflbciatc of that body, that the 
fubfcription originated, which was car- 
ried ir.(o effc£^ in the ye<ir 177S, for 
lefltiring the mooununt of Spender in 
Wehminfter Abbey, as it may be feen 
contiguous to tj^ac of Gray, for inany 
years a refident member alfo in 'that 
fnall, but fortunate, Society. 

Yours, &:c. Academicus. 

Mr. Ua£/iN, Fib, 10, 

TH E asnigma, for which a folution 
is tequeftcd in vol. LXl. p. 1009, 
rehires no OEdipus, if recourlie be had 
to the Urge edition of Johnfon, and to 
the reference there given. The pallage 
flaadr thus mGibfou'* Camden : ** Hun 
and hire, as rhey are differently pro- 
nounced, /ignify both an armj, and a 
•Afrf. Si9 I&rokiii a general of an ar- 
my ; Hareman^ a chief man in the ar- 
my % HiTibtrt^ famous in the army ; 
JErrmvijv, a vi£lorious arm y : which are 

*>XbeBard'fQamf ^rightly fjpel^ &1MT1 



P. 8, col. t\ T. I, for '' loft volume** 
read "vol. LX." 

AcAO£iiiqirit 



Mulia nnafctntur ^lufjam can 
The Thirtieth qf January* 

Mr. Urban, 

THE return of this day naturaUv 
leads us to examine writings whicii 
relate to the unhappy tra(ifa£lions«f tbo 
lad century. Among other works o( 
this clafs, is, << Am Impartial ColUSiom^ 
Statt Pa/>in,/r§m tin S€oUb Riheiifm U 
the Mnjrfbir of K, CbarUs,*' by Nai^son, 
To this calic^tion is prefixed an eiuble* 
roaticiil frontifpiece, the explanation of 
which i< fent you in the author's ow% 
words : 

The mind ofthe frontifpiect. 

See ! the world's glory once, here fits forlooVi 
£xpos*d to foreign and domeftic fcorn, 
Britannia^ who fomauy foes withllood, 
liQf bov^ torn by her own yi^icrotts broods 



^3$ TklKrtiiib o/Juattaj.^^Hhiif$r Embanhuntt. [Feb/ 



Rer fbniy moftdanmablf religious growni 
Csnted the diadem and mtbre down. 
And zealoidly ufurp'd both Church and 

Crowns 

inokat tbar axe embnied in rojral gorcy 
A crime unknown to Pagam heretofore ; 
Whence they their own unatick seal applaud 
On loyal Strafford, and on pious LautL 
Th' .Mgyptiam frogs into the fataee came, 
And Carab offinr'd with unhaU«w'd flame : 
Thefe priefts of Jerohoam gave command, 
And fpoilM with locufts all our fruitful land : 
Yet Loyalty and Devotion was the word. 
Interpreted by moderns, Fire and Sword. 
Vrtm and Tbmmmm oa a Rebel'k bresft 
Are only two hard names for Intereft. 
This was the great Diana they ador'd, ^ 
Who th' PFhort of Babylon fo much abhor*d, I 
And leodlyyov^A/ tbe battles ^ tbe Lard. J 
like Bifrofttjamn next does courtyour eye, "X 
Borne and Geneva in epitome, I 

They iquint two ways^ in the main point | 

agrees ^ 

Htfod and Pontim dilate, thus at ftrifo. 
Shook hands totake away a fpoUefs lifo. ^ 
Now turn your eye to th* bufie Saint belund, 
That Bntmna^Lam Uniter of mankind, 
^itbfiery breath he doth tlie C a u s s promote* 
And on the B/ble llamps his cloven foot. 

Bdwld that difmal (bene of fire and war, 
The terrors of th' avenging fword from far : 
Tfien look above, and view that piercing eye, 
Which law and winkt at the confpiracy, 
TtU Heaven's enemies were ripe for doom. 
Then (aw the I^rtyr^t Son return with tri- 

lunph home. 

The prefent times, Mr. Urban, do in 
nany in (lances fo much refemble the 
paft, that the application of Come lines in 
theabove verfes it obvious and pertinent. 
It is impoflible not to fee in them a de* 
fcription of a artain Doftor, who with 
f>Iozing plaufibility addrcifes himfelf to 
Jews, Catholics, Mcthodifts, and Swe- 
den bourgians, with the piws view that 
they ihould all uniti with^^^ Brum" 
migbam feparatifts on the rightnus prin- 
ciple of '* blowing up the conftitution 
by a train of eun-powdcr," and of 
bringing down the moft dire calamities 
on this nation for Conjfciina fake i con- 
fcience towards GoD is to be manifefled 
by iniquity and cruelty towards men I 

But let us attend to the prudent and 
fober words with which Nalsom con- 
cludes his lntrodu3iont 

** 1 have no more to add, but my 
prayers and wifiies, that this true ac- 
count of the late dreadful revolutions 
may, in fome meafure, contribute to 
tbe peace and happinefs of the nation ^ 
and that, from the di(lra£lions, dcfola- 
tions, and inestpretfible mifcrits, which 
(b lately overwhelmed us, all true Eng* 
4^/acii ADd jood iubjeds may not only 



learn a necefTary precantion to avoid the 
fame for the time ta come; but may 
draw this certain conclufion into a poli« 
tical maxim. That true iofolty i§ ibeir 
Prince is both ibeir interef mnd their dmtj^ 
msibey are mem, Cbrifimu,miui En G LIS H 
mm :{find tbett, noitbout it, tbefmirefi pre^ 
teuces t§ re^iom attd reformation are tbe 
mofi permcious wzards mnd covers of tbg 
wufi dangerous of ail kinds of rebellion.^* 
Yourtf Philanthaopon. 

Mr. Urban, 

AS the general pcrofal of your ufe« 
ful Magazine renders it a proper 
channel of communicating whatever in- 
telligence may be of advantage to diflfer- 
ent parts of this kingdom, I requcft 
your giving the following hints a place 
in it. 

I was greatly concerned when in- 
formed, that the feemingly durable 
embaifkment of Martin Meer in Lan* 
cafliire has been deftroyed by a dorm. 
Some embankments made on the Coaft 
of Eflex, for the purpofe of gaining 
land from the fea, have ihared the fame 
fete. The demolitions of thefe em- 
bankments evidently ihew that the me- 
thods hitherto ufed for that purpofe are 
not of fufficient (lability to withlland 
high tides during great ftorms. I there- 
fore prefumc to trouble you with the 
following obfervations, in hopes that 
they may be of ufe in rendering future 
embankments more effectual barriers. 

The manner in which the ingenious 
and judicious archite6b, Mr. Robert 
Mylne, fetured a lading foundation to 
the piers of Black-friars Bridge in Lon- 
don, might, I think*, be adopted m 
rendering the foundations of embank- 
ments more fecure, which may be fome- 
times undermined. Hj| drove piles into 
the channel of the River Thames, on 
which he laid a ftrong platform of oak, 
covered with a layer of large and thick 
Aooes. The whole extended three feet 
every way beyond the dimenfioas of 
the piers, the i'urface being rather lower 
than the bottom of the river. His rea- 
fon for thus extending the platform was» 
that, when a dream of water meets with 
a firiti lefiiUnce, part of it boils, as it 
were^up beforeit joins Uie current, and 
put of it (Irikes downward in the fame 
manner, fo that if it did not meet with 
a folid refiftance, it would undermine 
the foundation. Thus, where an em* 
bankment is intended to be made, piles 
ihould be drivtn-ioto the earth at low wa» 
UK marl^i ol a bi cadih fufficient to fup- 

port 



t799»] MttUi tf priVMting EacmubmMs ef tbi Sia. 13^ 

port a platfonn, which fliall extend three of preventing this encroachment. A'« 

KCt or more beyond the foundation of moDjp; others, Mr. Yeoman ofiered 

the intended embankment; the furface bimfelf as acandidate, and his propofal 

of the platform being rather lower than was accepted. I have not feen any ac- 

the furface of the earth. count of the means he ufed in print ; t 

The foundation being thus laid, a ihall therefore, as far as my memory 

qoeflion arifes, of what materials the em- enables me, relate the information ha 

binkment (hould be made ? Stones are gave me. He imponed from Norway 

undoubtedly the mod lading materials; planks of fir, of fuch thicknefs as bore 

andi in erefiing it, let me recommend their being dove-tailed into one another, 

the practice of the Romans in boilding and of fuch lengths that, when driven 

a pier to protefi the harbour of Ancona intotheeanhthey were of depth fufficient 

from theboifterous waves of the Aormy to give them flability when they wera 

Adriatic. The foundation of this pier nearly of the height of high water on 

is laid on a rock, into which the firft the coaft. The planks thus prepared hir 

layer of flones is laid. The upper fur- drove into the earth, at the place where 

£acet of thefe flones are raifed into a this encroachment began, and proceeded 

circular eminence ; and the lower fur- to drive them at low water mark as Ur 

faces of the next layer of flones arc hoU along the coad as the danger pointed 

lowed, fo as to fit exa£tly the eminence out. His motive for following tnisme« 

on the fiones of the lower layer. All thod was, that oi) a fandy coad the 

the ftonts being formed in this manner, waves were obferved to raife a bank of 

the pier was built fo high as to guard fand wherever they met with a fixed 

the harbour from the force of the waves, refidance. Thus the waves raifed a 

/ The reafoo of thus raifing an eminence bank along the out fide of the planks { 

of the upper furfaces of the dones, and and when this bank was raifed as higit' 

a correfponding cavity in the lower fur* as the tops of the planks, the wavea 

faces of the dones, was, I was informed carried fahd over them, and dropped it 

onthefpot, to prevent the mortar being on the infide of the planks, whereby 

' waflied away, and to prevent a lodge* the planks were not only rendered more- 

mcnt of water between the dones. On fecurely fixed, but alio prefcrved from 

this pier a triumphal arch is ere6led in the tSc(k of the alternate changes of 

honour of the Emperor Trajan. The the air. Thus the force of the waves 

pier and arch are now as beautiful and was broken, and thereby the coad was 

compleat as if built but yederday, fafe. 

though they have dood upwards of fix- Wht>ever carefully examines the coaft 

teen centuiies. In this manner an ero« of this ifland, may frequently obferve 

baakment may be raifed of fufiicient indances where one or other of thefe 

ftrength to wiihdand the force of any methods of limiting the overflowing of 

waves or any weight of water. the Tea may be ufed to great advantage, 

I was fome years ago delighted at either for fafety, or for forming rich 

feeing a beautiful embankment made at padures, which may be occaUoaally 

Lyoni, when rhe cuurit of the rapid overflowed by the Tea, and thereby ren* 

Rhone was altered fo as to gain a con* dcred peculiarly beneticial both to cattle 

fidcrable fpot oi ground on which the and flieep, as is fully experienced in fe- 

city may be extended between the Rhone veral placet on the coaA of Kent and 

and Soame. Sudex. 

While mentioning embankments, let *' —- ■ 

me attempt to do judice in fome degree - Mr. UtBAN, Ftb, at. 

to the ingenuity of my mod worthy T^l^- AlKlN, in his View of the 

friend Mr. Yeoman, who, at the fird ^^ Charafter, &c. of Mr. Howard, 

hiftitntion of the Society for the Eqcou- P* to, has cad a cruel and unmerited 

ragemeat of Arts, Manufactures, and reflexion on bis fbhoolmader, .to wbofa 

Commerce, in London, was a modufe* merit and abilities fo many hundred of 

ful piom'oter of it, and was much ef- his fcholars yet furvive to bear the molt 

lecned by all who knew him. honourable tedimony, by their own pro- 

^bout that lime the Tea made fo con« ficiency and talents. No man underdood 

fiderablc encroachments on the coiifl of or taught his own or the dead languaget 

Suffolk, that the iuhabiiants ofiered a with more corrcCtoefs and grammitical 

coofiderabie reward to any perfon who accuracy than the late Mr. Wordey, of 

coold difcover the mod efic6tual meant Hertford. I will fpaie his funriving re- 

G£»T. Mao. FebruAty^ >79*« lacivet^ 



k 



1^ 



Vindtidthn ijf Mr. WorlTey W a tchohnejltr^ fFcfe* 



lativrct, one of whom fo ably fills hit 
ivorihy father's place, the pain of read- 
ing what Mr. H't biographer has faid to 
his prejudice on no other foundation 
than Mr. H's own authority. Solon 



Mr. W. to Mr. Etmes» who kept the 
academ? founded for the ufe of Di^ent- 
ers by Mr. Coward; and, in (hort, to 
the general mode of education amonjg 
Diffenters. It it not my bufiocfs to repe> 



thought it an obje£l of legiflatiTe au* cren the envenomed fluffs of defamation 



•horicy to reflrain all reflexions on the 
4ead:'for, as Plutarch properly coni>- 
ments on his law, Piery fliould induce ut 
to reverence the dead, Juftice prevent us 
from intermtddling with the affairs of 
thoi'e who have left the world, and Po* 



by recrimination; but there is eveiy 
probability that the defe6l in this part of 
his edacatiofi refted bntirely with Mr. H; 
and no cenfure can fall on his inability 
in this refpe^ which at all %fk^% hf& 
€hara£ler for real and pra6Kcal benevo* 



licy lead ui to prevent the perpetuity of knee, but father the miflaken judgement 

enmity ; and Demofthenes extends the of thofe who think more than a flrong 

caution further— not even any provoca- fliare of common -fcnfe oecelFary to plac^ 

tion from the furvivors of the family and tfScdt the reform he was author of. 
ihoutd urge us to reflexions on the de- \ours9.&c. Bebelivs* 

ceafed. Dr. A. extends his cenfures od 



PRaCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT, 1792. 



H. or LOKDt. 

Tuefdajf Jan, 31. 

His Majefty came to the Honfe of 
Pcers» and opened the feflion with the 
foilowiiie^ fiKrech. 

*^ My Lords and Gentlemen^ 

•* Ttjc mony pr(X)fii which you have gwflt 
of your afie^ondte atuchtnent to My perfon 
Mid family leave Me no doubt of your parti- 
eip:)ting in the (JttisfiAion which I derinre 
from the happy event of die martiage which 
bos been ceUhrated between. My fon, tho 
Duke of York, and the elded daughter of 
My good brother and ally the KLing of Prof- 
fia : and I am perfuaded tlai 1 may escpe^ 
your chearfful concurrence in enabling Me to 
Biake a fuitable provifioa for their eitablifli- 
vent. 

« Since I laft met you in "Parliament, & 
defmittve treaty lias been concluded, imder 
My mediation and that of My allies, the king 
of Kniffia andtlie States General of the Unit- 
ed Provinces, between the Lroperor and the 
Ottoraao'Porte, on principles which appear 
the heft c»lcuLitc<i to prevent future difputes 
between thoi'e powei a. 

'« Qui* intervention has alfo been employ- 
ed, with a view to promote a paciftcation 
between the Emprefs of RuHia and The 
Forte ; and coDdi'.ions have been agreed upon 
between Us and the former of tliofe powers, 
which We undertook to recommend to The 
Porte, as the re^eflablilhment of peace on 
foch terms appeared to be, under all the ex- 
uding circumflanees> a defireable event for 
the general intertfts of Europe. I am in ex- 
ps^ibciot\ of f peedily leceiving die account of 
the coodufion of Uie definitive treaty of pcaca, 
preliminaries having been fome time {voci 
;y^eed tipon between thofe powers. 

" I liave dire^ed copies of the definitive 
treaty, between the Km)>eror and the Porte, 
ti> he Uid bwfoie you, as well as fucb ps^pecf 



at are neceflary to fliew the terms of peace, 
which have been under difcuffion during the 
negociatioQ with the Court of Petertbnrg. 

** I vegret that f am not yet enabled to In* 
Ibrm yoo of the termination of the war in In* 
dia: but the fucceft which has already «t-> 
Handed the diftingniflied-bravery and exertiona- 
ipf the officers and troops- under the able ooH'^ 
duA of Lord CornwalHsi affords reafcmahle 

S round to hope that the war may fpeedily br 
pooght to an honourable condufion. 
<* The friendly alfiiraiKcs which I receivo 
from Foreign Powers, and the general ftate 
of af&irs in Europe, appear to promife to My 
fiibje^ the continuance cif their prefent tran* 
qotlftty. Under thefe ,drciimftances I am 
ftiikiced to think that fome immediate reduc« 
tion may fafely be made in Our Naval and Mi<- 
litary EilaMilhments ; and My regard for the 
tnterefls of My fuhjedb renders hm U all 
times defirous of availing Myfelf of any fa* 
vourable opportunity to diroioifli the publift 
expences. 

*■■ Gentlemen of the HoufeofCommon5» 
*^ It will, I am perfuaded, give you great 
fatisfadtion to learn that the extraordinnrf 
expences incurred iir the courfe of the laft 
year have, in a great meaftire, been already 
defrayed by the grants of the feflion. Tho 
itate of Our refources will, 1 trult, be found 
more tlian fu^uent to provide for the re- 
maining part of thefe expences, as well as 
for the current fervice of the year, the efti* 
mates for which I have dii e^ed to be laid 
before yon. 

*' I entertain the pleafinf; hope, that the^ 
redactions which may be fo^md pi-a^icahlQ 
in tlie eftablifhments, and the continued in« 
creafe of the revenue, will enable yon, after 
making due provHioii for tbe feveral branches 
of the public fervice, (b enter upoo a fyfteA 
of gradually rdieving My fubje^ inomiofim 
pait of the exiilmg ux<n, at the fame time 

giving 



Ir79**j F4rB£wuBiarf.Pr$tiiJitfidfL9rdiaMdCimm$mJirift)2. tj9 



^^▼iqc aMitional «fficaqr to the plan for Che 
TBdudion of the national debt, on the fucceft 
^ which our fiKwe eafe and (ecurity eflen* 
qallf depend. 

** Wnh a \iewfothisimpcMtanrabieA. leC 



From thtft ptcific meafures in £a* 

rope, hit Lordflitp made a haftjr traofi* 

tion to the fuccefs of the war in th* 

£aft Indies; which, his Lord fliip faidt 

^. .- A '. ^ . . «'•» f"ch as, by the good condaA of ths 

SLJil I!^"^f Iw^'^^Jfrll!? IZ Commander in Chief, and the braf err 
attention to me ooniuleration of inch raea- ^r.k-^n;— - j a r %^ • ' 

Jbm as the date of the fundi «nd of p»,W»c ^l '^^ °®^;» *"*" "»*°» muft foon bnng 

«ndk may render praaicuWe and expedient *^*/" »« .^^'J^ ^?«n^f Y »^ * happy con- 

inwMtis a reduAion in the rate of Intoreft of clufion. And this xvas the rather Co be 

aoyof the AvMities which are nowredeem- W'»a«d, as his Majefty had received af* 

«bte. iHraaces from , all the neighbouring; 

^ My Lords, and Gentlemen, powers of their friendly difpodtion to* 

** The continued and prDgreirive improve- wards this country } afl*Mrances whicb ^ 

ntnt in the intehial fitu ition of tlie country warrant the redu£^ion of our annual ex- * 

"Will, I am cooident, animateyou in the pur* peaces, and the lowering the inteieft om 

Ibit of every meafure which may be comiu- the redeemable annuities, in order to 

«lve to the public intereft. It muft, at the eafc the people of fome part of their 



frmetime, operate js the ftrongeil encourage- 
■lent to a fpirit tif ufefel imhiftry amotig all 
^afles of My fofojeas ; and, above all» muft 
ciinfirm and increafe their fteady and zealous 
attachment to that Conl^itution which We 
liave fbimd, hy long expei ience, to unite the 
aneftimable bleffings of Liberty and Order, and 
<o whids under the favour of Providence, 
all our other advantages are principally to be 
afcrtbed.*' 

. As foon as his Majefty had 4|uitted 
the Throne, and the Lord Chancellor, 
fro /ormm. had repeated the fpecch ; 

Lord Chtfterjiiid rofe to move an 
humble addrcfs of thanks to his MijeQv 
for his mod gracious Speech from the 
Throne; ro which, hit Lordlhip f^id, 
lie was furc there could not i>e a dillent- 
ing voice in that Houfe. The Speech, 
he faid, had come home to every bo* 
ibm ; and it was but a juil rttutn, to fc* 
iiciute his M4Je(ly on a fubje^ that 
muft be pleafing to him, the late mar- 
tiaee between his Royal Highoefs the 
Dulce of York, aid a daughter of the 
iiiufirious Houfe of Pruiria, as it tended 
lu ftreogthen and perpetuate the Protef- 
Yant Line, and to I'ecure a powerful a'iy 
to this countiy on the Contmcnt. To 
■lake a I'uiiable proviAoo for their 
HighneiTes inuft be the concurrent wilh 
•f the whole kingdom. 



burdens, and give aid to the plan for 
the difcharge of the National Debu 
Thele advantages, naturally flowing 
from the glorious conftitution under 
which we live, (hould infpire ever/ 
brcaft with the love of that conftituttOBy 
aod with a firm refolution to maintain itf 
and to oranfaiit it inviolate to pofterity, 
as thf sfacred palladium on which their 
fecurity aad happioefs depend* 

His Lordlhip concluded by moving 
^headdrefsi which, beitig read by th« 
Lord Chancellor, was fecunded by 

Lord Mit/gravt, who paid a high 
compliment to the former fpeaker in f9 
ably difcharging his duty. to the Houfe» 
as to leave nothing for his Lordihip 
to add* 

Jn no part of the noble Earl's fpeech 
did his Lordlhip join more cordially, ho 
faid, than in his felicitation on the mar* 
riagc of his Royal Highnefs the Duke 
of Yo'-k ; and in recouitting the blef* 
(angs we enjoy from our happy conftiui« 
tion, under the mild reign of his pre- 
fent M^jcfty. 

His Lordihip concluded a ihort, but 
elegant fpeech, by declaring his ^ell* 
grounded hope, that their LordOiipt 
would be unanimc>u» in carrving up to 
the Throne their alTurancrs of invai iable 



From this head of congratulation, attachment to that conftitution, irona 

which was of a domeftic nitbrc, his which we denve oui^profpcrity, 
Lordlhip pointed his ubrerv;«tions to his Vilcouot Stm-momt role, he faid, not 

Miijeriy's Attention to the Jiflfairs abrr>ad; to oppoi'e the motion for an addiels. No 

facing the peace between the Empcrror nohlc Lord can be more folicitous to 

nd the Ottoman Porte to the credit of ezprefs his loyalty aod attachment to tho 

Che powerfol mediation of the BiitiQi family on the Throne than himfclf. 

Courti as he did the moderate terms, Ui« Lordlhip rofe, only, he added, to 

which the Turks had obtained from trouble their L<>i<lfliips with a woid or 

Ituliia, to the fame cauie. Bur on thele two of what fell from the noble mover, 

lopicks he forbore to enlarge, his Lord- His Lordlhip faid, *' tha all the papers 



Ibip laid, as ht uniUrJi9%d all the tiocum 
MimiM re/ain/i itirtta wetc to be laid 
hslurc the Uoufc« 



relative to the Ute medi ition octwcea 
Ruliia and the Porte will ue laid t>ef.>re 
the Houle.*' if they are, his Lord/htp 



I40 ParBamtnUay FrMiSngi 9f Lords and ComfMfis fir i^i)2. [Feb. 



pledged himfelf to make -it appear, that, 
fb far from having merit in obtaining 
fbTourabie term^ from RufTia for the 
Turks, if the minifleri had any merit at 
mll» it was in not having the Icaft concern 
in thar bufinefs. His Lordflitp infiftcd, 
that the lad Memorial prefented by our 
Court on this occafion, at Peterlburg, was 
on the aid of July ; and on the 9th of 
Auguft following the Preliminaries were 
figned, an interval of twenty dayjs, in 
which his Lordihip would take upon him 
to favy the fwifteft courier could not 
convey difpatches from one Court to the 
•ther. 

This called up Lord Cbefler/ttld to ez* 

Cain. '^Whenlfaidall the papers would 
i laid before your Lordfhips on the 
fubje6^ of I^uflia, I clearly meant thofe 
only alluded to in the fpeech. I have no. 
communication to juftify me in making 
anv promife of the kind whatever." 

Vifcount Storwtouutt havingdifclaimed 
•11 intention of acrimonious oppoH* 
tion, proceeded with a mod fti^erly 
fpeeeeh, full of politicalacumittf and 
concluded the whole with a high Enco- 
mium on the excellence of the Conftitu- 
tion of thefe Realms; which, he faid, 
v/as the wifeft fyftem ever formed by 
niHn. It gives as much liberty as is 
contiftent with the energy of the Execu- 
tive Branch ; and as much rellraint as 
is neceflary to prelerve perfohal fafcty 
and due order in fociety. *' When 1 came 
into public life," faid his Lordlhip, *^ the 
political pamphlets of the time, how. 
ever they might be charged with the 
heat and violence of party, were agreed 
in extolling the radical branches of the 
Conftitution, fo contrary to the fpirit of 
the prefent times } whWh, I am told, (for 
I hav*e not read them) tend to un fettle 
the public mind ; thoic, however, can 
do but little harm, for the Kngliih are a 
thinking people, and arc more intelligent 
lind flcai^ythan mofi other people." Here 
his Lordlhip took occaiion to quote from 
Bolingbruke his fcnfe of the value of 
the BritiDi Cor.ftitution, where he re- 
commends his readets to contemplate it 
in all i:s aipefls, with the »iluraRce 
that it will be found the more rl^inKible 
the more it is feen. And of this his 
Lordihip laid he. was Turt: \ and that, if 
ever the timt (houKi come that the pro- 
p>«gaiion nf ptrnicious defines (hould 
agitate the public mind, their Lord(hips 
Vfould rife as one man in defence of our 
ineOimabte Conftitution, one fo pcrfc^l 
not rxiAing in any other part of the 
woild* 



Lord GrenviiU rofe, not, he faid. << to 
provoke hoftility in the noble Vifcount, by 
contefting anv alTeition of hisLord/hip't 
on- the fubje£t of Ruffian affairs : againft 
which, however, faid his Lordihip, I 
mud take occaBon to declare my dif- 
ient; and that, when the proper time 
comes, 1 (hall be ready to meet him on 
that, or any other point. But it is the 
manly manner In which the noble Vif- 
count has declared hi^ fentiments on the 
prefent occafion, that demand my mod 
(incere acknowledgments! for though I 
agree with his Lordihip, that there is no 
danger to be apprehended from thofe 
who arc hoftile to the genuine fpirit of 
our well-balanced fyftem, and who are 
employed in diiTcminating dodrines of 
a licentious tendency, yet it is important 
to know, that, if ever there ihpuld come 
a time of ferions alarm, there is but one 
fpirit in this Houfej and that, by carry- 
ing up, as we now do, our unanimous 
attachment to the Conftitution to the 
Throne, hia Majefty will know, that 
he has, in uf, united defenders of it in 
the hour of danger, againft all innova* 
tions, however diftingui(hed«" 
The Addrefs'w'as t^en a^r^ed to* 

In the Commons, the fame day, upon 
the return of the Speaker from the Houfe 
of Lords, notice was given from the 
Chair of the iQ'uing of writs for the 
following places T for Grantham, vacant 
by the death of Francis Cockayne Cuft, 
Efq. { for Merionetliihiie, racant by the 
death of Evan Lloyd Vaughan, Efq. % 
for Warwick, vacant by the fummon- 
ing of Henry Gage, Efq. the {ate mem- 
ber, to the i-Joule of Peers. 

Lord Mornington, Sir Richard Hill, 
Mcfffs, Villers, Djndas, Pybus, and 
Smith, took iht oaihs, and their 4'eais. 

The cul^omary bill for preventing 
ciandeftine outlawry, was read a Brl\ 
and fcctuid time. 

His Majcfly's fpeech was then read by 
the SpC'-ktr; upon which, 

Air, Y^rki faid, that very few words 
would, he btlieved, be ncccflfary from 
him to recommend the motion he had 
rhc honour to make, foran Addrefs of 
Thanks fiom the Houk to his Majcfty 
upon the tccafion of liis mt»ft gracioua 
Speech. The thanks of the Houle 
would, noiioubt, flr)w unanimriuily f<»r 
the bcnthicnt information uirli which 
they iud been favourtd, the fpeech hav- 
ing difclofed rvintitr, for which eveiy 
lover of his country mult be truly gr^rc- 

ful. 

The 



m 

1^91.] PsrSamentgiy PnaeJIngs 9fLirA mii Odmmmtfir I792. 14^ 



The firft paragraph mentiooed the 
mrriage of the Duke of York. He 
^*si confident* that every Gentleman 
who heard htm was, like himfelf, at* 
tached to the Houfe of Brunfwickf 
whole Princes had now, for near a cen- 
tary, given haopinefs and glory to this 
country. The fortunate marriage of the 
Duke of York with the Priocefs of 
Pniffia» muft give heartfelt fatisfa^on 
to the Houfe* both on account of the 
Ibpport it gives to the reigning famil/j 
and of the pleafure derived by his Ma« 
Jcfty from it. He trull ed the Houfe 
would affure his Majefty of their inten* 
tioD to concur in any meafure for al* 
lowing to the Duke of York, and to the 
bigh and accompliflied Princefsy his 
conibrtj fuch fupport as may enable 
them to live with the dignity becoming 
ibeir high birth and their own worth. 

The Hon. Gentleman went over the 
fiBveral other piirticulars of the fpeechy 
and dwelt with rapture on the flouriih- 
in^ flate of the country. At the clofe 
of^his fpeech, he faid, the concluding 
part of his MaJcQy's fpeech he was al* 
moft afraid to notice, for it was above 
his praife i it deferved to be written in 
UiUn tfgoldf and infcribed in the houfe 
of every honed man in the kingdom. 
It was faid that the lafl fpeech of that 
great, glorious, but ill -requited Mo* 
lurch. King William, whofe memurv 
woald be preferved till the \^Ktfi fyllabii 
ffiimt, had been printed and placed in 
the houfes of his fubjefls. His Ma* 
jetty's wife recommendation of good 
order was at this time worthy of pecu- 
liar attention , for what would avail tlie 
profperity of our f-imilies, the advantages 
of commerce unbounded, and of navi- 
gation, the (inew of our ftrength, if this 
was not preferved ? We lh')uld jcem to 
have afcended only to fall with the 
gicater force. We had now an oppor* 
tunicy of adding to our prelent felicity 
the advantage of deriving benefit from 
the example of orhers ; and, if this was 
not ufed, we might findourfelves in the 
fitiution of the valetudinarian, who was 
well, wiflied ro be better, and fouvd bim- 
/tifia his grave I (Hire a hud laugh!) 
He then concluded by moving the Ad* 
drefs, which was, as ufual, almoil a re* 
citai of the fpeech. 

' Sir James Murray feconded the mo- 
MM. Having taken notice of feveral 
narts of the fpeech, he particularly al* 
luded to that which O^ted the ttrms re* 
commended to the Por;e for a peace 
with the fimpceis i and laid, they ap- 



Seared to be, under all es^ifling circum« 
ances, a defirabte event; he admitted 
that minifters had been defeated by ua- 
forefeen and untoward circumRancet 5 
but contended, neverthelefs, that their 
objc£l had been commendable. He ob« 
ferved that the popular voice had cer« 
tainly been loud for an accommodatioa 
with RufCa, but juftified the interference 
of this country in favour of the Porte; 
which interference, he faid, would have 
been more fuccefsful, had not an oppo* 
(Jtioi^ been raifcd againfl it. The Hon. 
Baronet coniidered our affairs in India 
to be in the mod profperous ftate ; and 
that, from an experience of the paft, we 
had a ri^ht to form the moft favourable 
ezpe&ations of the future. He rejoiced 
in the general profperity of the empii% 
and attributed it to that tibeny ano or» 
der, fo well held out in the fpeech as 
necelTary to be combined. He concluded 
by noticing the laft paragraph of the 
fpeech, in which he introduced the Re^ 
volution of France, by declaring, thatp 
if the French could be juilified at all im 
overturning their con(litution,they muft 
be juftified upon the ground of their 
conditution, if they had had oae, being 
eflentially bad in many of its parts | 
but, if they were fo zealous in overturn- 
ing a bad conftitution, it was impoffible 
for us to be too e^er and zealous ia 
exertions to maintain our conftitutionp 
which every circumftance proved to be 
eflentially good. 

Mr. Cray rofe to move an amend* 
ment. He agreed, in common with 
every Gentleman in the Houfe, coidiallf 
in their congratulatioiu on the firft part 
of the Addrels, and in their fcntiments 
upon the lad ; but lamented that any 
thing had been introduced in the Speech 
or the Addrefs, that rendered it impof* 
fible for him to unite in that unanimous 
vote, fo earneftly hoped and requefled 
by the Hon. Gentleman who moved^ 
and the Hon. Baronet who feconded, 
the Addrefs. The Houfe was not yet 
in poffellion of information upon the 
preliminary articles between Ruflia an^^ 
the Porte : but if Oppofirion had in ef- 
fe£^, by their oppomion, as had beea 
implied, prevented the war, into which 
Adminiftration would orherwife have 
involved the nation, he gloried in being 
an individual of that oppoDtion, which 
had rendered fuch an eucntiai fervice to 
their country. It appeared to. him to be 
a very extraordinary circumftance in- 
deed, that they Ihuuld now be called 
upon to vote a congratulation up6n the 



fuccers.of our arms ialndiat at a mo- 
men c when we were in the fame fitua* 



tion of uncertainty as at the time of the 
f >rm€r Speech. Not being yet, he faid, 
in pof^^lnpn of the recent information 
from India, wc had nothing to judge by 
but the papers before received ; and by 



an^enxlment hif negative. The Hon. 
Gentlemani he faid, raud have forgotteii 
the whole hiflory of the war, by dcclar* 
ing that no fucccifcs had been gained bf 
our armies in the Eaft; for the dire^ 
<fo.ntrarv was the fa^. After enumerate 



ing our fuccelTes in India, and arguing, 
thtm it would be found, thit, inflead of in defence of the able condu£^ of Earl 
luccefits to our arms, the main obje£t, Cornwallis, he concluded that part of 
of our cimpaigH had been defeated. It his.fpeecb, by dating, that Tippoo was 
\Tas his intention, therefore, before he now hemmed up in a clofe garrifon, in. 
lat down, to move to omit that p^rt of a narrow diilri£t, in which he would not 
the AiM'efs mentioning the fucceHts of be able long to Bad proviHon for him* 
our ainif under the able condu£l of felf and his forces. Alluding to the 
I^d Cornwa-lis ; for no fucb ability fear entertained by the Hon. Gentlemaa 

* ' ' ' " of danger from the King's recommen- 

dation of a redu6tion of taxes, he ob« 
fervtd that it would in no degree excite 
al^iin— he would not, however, exa-. 
mine foi precedents, being well con* 
vinced, that, if fuch a recommendation 
from the Crown was novel, the novelty 
would in no degree Ic^ien the agreeable 
reiifntion with which fuch a recommcii* 
d^ation would be received. 

Major A/tftz/aff^fupported the amend* 
ment, and contended that the war in 
India had been far from fucccf^ful ; 
that our fuccelTcs were only ihcwn by 
retreats, and our victories by dir|;race« 

Mr. StmmUj was againil the amend* 
ment i as, was 

General Smithy who contended that 
the war h^d been attended by rhe mod 
brilliant fucced'es— >lhiit it had not been 
procrdftinated— that it was jud and po« 
litic, and that he fincerely hoped pcHce 
might never be permitted until Tippoo 
was extii paled. 

Mr. Fox fupported the amendment ; 
at the i^mc time he declatcd his fmce* 
rity of hcait in congratutpting his Ma* 
jtlty upon every fcicity enjoyed by his 
nuguQ family, and acknowledged that 
many other iiaits of the Speech aud Ad* 
drels met his mod unquniified approba* 
tion. He cnrcicd (hordy into the pre- 
liminaiies of peace bct'Accntlic Empixfs 
and ihc Porte, an'* rejoiced that the cx« 
eitions of oppofitioti hr.d compelled Mi* 
ni tiers to icccdc from mcaruies iinpoli^ 
ticaliy caliuiatcd to involve us in a war 
in which we were in no dcgrte intereft* 
ed. He fully agreed wiih the Hon. 
Baronc-t (Sii J iMunay) in his opinion 
upon Fi'tnce, that, it the wa^ juftifiable 
in the overthrow of her Conditution, 
becaafe it was ellentially biid, it waa 
our duty to exeit ourIc:tvek to main* 
tain our conliitution, which was elTcn* 
tially good. The dillercnct: betweim ibc 
tbrmer Conflitution of France and our 

ConHitutieu 



was he as yet acquainted with. He ap* 
^oved of every other part of the Ad- 
ffrtfs. and.it would aflf rd him as much 
picauire as any man to alleviate, if pof- 
ilble, the bunhens of the people ; and 
Imb Should therefore rejoice in the hold* 
ipg.out fuch a prolpedi, was not his jea- 
louiy roufed by the manner in which 
tit recommenuatiou originated. It was 
the privilege of that Houfe to originate 
mil taxes, and it was atfo theti p'ivilege 
t9 originate every repe al or relief. The 
recommendation commg from the 
i^rown appeared to him to have a ten- 
dency to dimini/h the conBdtnce of the 
cMBople in their reprefenrntives, and to 
lead the people from that Houic to the 
iirown for an alleviation of theii bur- 
dens. He exculpated liis Majedy's mi- 
Biders from any impippcr intention, and 
faid his jsfaloufv rhight have betn uone- 
cedary ; but, conceiving it in the light 
h^e ciid, lie thought it his duty toQate ir, 
and the more efpecially on account or 
its novelty ; for he did not believe a 
(ingle precedent could be diewn of a 
fimilar recommendation. Alludmg 
again to the ^^airs of Jndia, he con- 
cluded by moving his amendment to the 
following purport t to omit ihofe words 
which exprefs the farisf^dlion of the 
Boufe in the prefent Hate of ii&airs in 
India', and inicrt others, of wnicli the. 
following is the fubdance : ** That the 
Houfe, nltly fenfible of the evils of a 
procraflinated war, which mud be ruin- 
dus to the finances of the Company, 
cannot help expreffing their rcgiet that 
the profpe^ls held out in the Sp.vch 
from the Throne it the commencement 
of the iadfcdion have not been realized; 
aeverthelefs, th«it their attachment to 
his Majedy, and their dcdre to fup,>ort 
the honour of bis Crown, are uadt> 
IDiniflifd." 

. ' Mr* Sl Jobn fcconded the motion. 
. Mr* I>»Mdur i^^, he ibottld ^\t ;he 



1 W**7 P^l!^^^^^ Troeieitngs. — LincoInQitre JF^ting 'Sibc§ts. T4 j 

tional paying off of this v^ar wotsU he 
£400,000. The three fsrll taxes he 
meiinc to propofe to uke off' u/ouWi be 
thofe on carts apd waggons, on female 
fervancs.and the 31. paid on huufes hat^ 
10^ lefs than fcven windowv ; which 
would together amount to /^ 100,000- § 
and the next anicie be (bi-uh) pr. pole 
would be uDc on general confunnpttoa^ 
viz. the halfpenny per pound opoo caa^ 
dies, which would amount co anodier 
if 100.000. 

Air Fcx rofe to explain* He con* 
tended that the queflion as to what ^or* 
tion of the furpius (hould be appltni C9 
the redu£lion of the exifting taxes, and 
what portion to the diminutton of the 
national dcbtv could not come forwifnl 
fairly for difcuiltoo. It ihould hate bcca 
firft fubmitted to the Houfe ahftradcdlyk 

The Cbaueelhr §f tit Excbequtr *\}ck 
fpokc of the Reduceable Annuities. The 
only fund^ redeemable were the Four per 
Cents. He noticed the reports of an in* 
tended redudlion of the Fives, by piii> 
chafing at three and a half, and pay olF 
j^StOoOfOoo of the Fours ; but be declared 
Ke never had entertained any fuch idei» 
and he Should confider it as adin^r con* 
trary to the fpirit of an A3t of Parlia. 
ment. Th^ Fours are now redeemable ; 
the Fives will he, when 15,000,000 of 
the debt are clearly difcharged. 

The Houfe then divided on the ^ucf- 
tion of amendment; Ayes $5, Noes ao<>^ 
The original Addrefs was then moved^ 
ind carried Without a divifion. . 
(T9 bt continued,'^ 

Mr. Urban, Ftb. i#.- 

SOME time ago you gave us an ac« 
cuui.t of an AiFembly in Lincoin- 
(hire of the Patrons and Patronetifes of 
the working fchools in that county j I 
have lately met with a printed date of 
that moll excellent iuilitutioo } and 
thinking that it cannot be too general!/ 
known, I wilh a notice of it may be ex- 
tended through the means of your widely 
circulating Mifcellany. It is intitultd. 
Am Account ojtbi OrigtMt &e. §ftbc So^ 
citty for promothg Indufiry in tbi Sun* 
tbrrn parts of Lindfey tn Lincolnltiie. 
The author of the account Icenis to 
have been the framer of the plan, and 
deferves a (latue; his name is not given ; 
but I hope fome of your correfpoudenis 
%vill make it as publick as it is lu be 
wifhcd the undertaking may be. lie 
muil have a mod excellent heart, aud 
he appears to pofTcfs a clear bead, witU 
Uiat perlcvciaAce whicb !• bui too ac. 



tion was ns great as the dififer- 
•occ between good and evil — as great itt 
bccwccBCvninny and freedom. He la- 
mcoted^ however* as his MajeOy in 
^ift Speech had exprcfTed fo much &nd 
S^ well in favour of ordtfr, that he 
liad not nlib exprciFed his regret for the 
jdiilnrbaecc of that order m the lad 
lailii|ier. Mr. Fox here entered at fome 
jcngih into the riots at Birmingham 
coadcmning them, »s difgraccful to the 
"Vaiioo, and as fcenes that could not be 
t(K> much reprobated. In fupport of 
his Hon. Friend's amendment, he en- 
tered largely intothe campaign in India, 
coounding that, ^omr/«ri>, there were 
BO grounds whatever to fupport that 
pert of the Addreft, exprellive of the 
•ble ODndodof Lord'Comwallis, 

The Chmmcilhr #/ tbi Excbiqntr en* 
^red into a tS^neral defence and fupport 
of checondu^of Lord Cornwallis, which 
he confidered not only able, but brilliant. 
|Ic reprobated, with Mr. Fox, in the 
ftroogeft cerpn, tbe unfortunate riots that 
^ppened at Binningham; but challenged 
Tiny nan to fliew when, u^Kin any (iniilar 
•ccafion, mcafures equally prompt and 
eflfe^iual had been adopted to fupprefs 
ihon. I'o do away every idea c*f an tin* 
proper fuggeftion in the Speech relative 
|o the redu6tion of taxes, he (bewed that 
die recommendatioo was equally general 
with the requificion of (applies, and 
quoted precedents ; but his MajeAy had 
not the fmallefl intention to interfere un- 
conftitutionally With the privileges of tlie 
Houfe. The Right Hon. Gentleman 
ftid, he would take the opportunity of the 
full Hovfe, whith he :hen perceived, to 
give notice tliat it was his iotention to 
brine forward the f«bje£t of the Aate of 
the finances and of the expendirure the 
tarlietl opportunhy ; every neceffary pa- 
per would foon be able to be laid on the 
lable, and therefore by the next day fore- 
night he hoped he ihould be ready to en- 
ter on the difcuflion. 

He then dated the produce of the re- 
fenue ; and faid, that the extra receipt fo 
far exceeded the expenditure, as to add to 
the diminution ; and the extraordinary 
Cxpences that remain for the armament 
oi the lafl year would bo ^130,000 \ the 
expence had been much more, but the 
reft had been already defrayed. From 
the fum in hand on January 5:11, 1 792, 
ind money to be expected by the 5th of 
April, he faid there would remain 
£100.600. more towards eafing the peo* 
fde from taxes, which would relieve the 
luiporary duty upon nulw Th;; kdiiiv 



144 ISoeiifyftr promoting Induftryin LinooinlhiFe, — MifctUanuu [Feb* 

c^lTaiy to »pji it ihe i*^^\^ ■ of foinf*, and poffelTcs fomethins: fo peculinrly poifonouSy 

the ;^»-i v< I {rr "fs of othi:&, who area!- ^lai though wo'vcs and other anim;ils miy 

^n «: rcativ 10 et their facts flg;)inft any faWy pafs orer ir. yet a godf or 1/W no foonet 

CRdtdv .ur t.^ leciaim the vidoji, the ^" »''' f*^* "po" »' than it drops, Ihretches 

ijjnoianr. nd the idle, it apj CaU that, ^^ *^ ^ ■"^' ^^cpires." 

b^' mcflTi, of Id .olo .iUUlifhcd to pro- Ha? ing never met with any ratinntl 

iride work for chii.'tren in a parr of the* «ccount of the above Itrange pfhaenck 

coiinrrv where work for ihcm wai un- menon, I fhonid think inylelf greatly 

known, rh< y now earn from 4d. to lod. '^hlijred to any ••! your learned cor re« 

«-da> At a time when the po'ir^rates fpondcnts, \-ho wouid, through the 

•re become an almoft intotrrabie bur- med'um of \our ufeful Mifcellanyy fa- 

then> the relief by this means brought ^O"*" »"« with a few obfervationt on the 

to the p" iflies is a^ objc6t of ferious •bovc fubje^V, tending to a difcovery of 

conicqiittirc • but the hahirs of fobriety ^^^ real caufe* T. £eL£S* 

and in ..iftiy, and oi' te«( hing the poor ' ■ 

to look to thcm(elvci for fupnort^ which ^*'* UrbaN^ Fthruary i8. 

^i!l be thus^iven to the rihng genera- A LLOW me to fubmit the following 

tibn, is of an importance, the extent of *^ quasrc. John «. i6, our Saviour 

vhkh cannot be forePeen. If the gen- ^^V* ** And other ikeep I have, which 

tiemanofleifure who lives in the coun* '^'f not of this fold : them alfo I muft 

try, if the lefident clergyman (f%r fuch Wng, and they ihall hear my voice; 

tlUre is fomelimit) would bellow a few <^nd there (ball be one fold, and one 

Tacant hours to this patriotic purpofe in fliepherd.*' Thefe words, I am fenfi- 

^acea where the plan is at prefent un- |>lc> »^ commonly applied to the call- 

known, he would reap the mod ample >ng of the Gentiles. But might not our 

yeturnfrombti own reflexions, indepen* i>lcfl'ed Lord allude to (he Ametumftr, 

dent of all other cod (iderations. ^bo are, in more fenfes than one, of a 

- Perhaps the following .extraft from different fold f For though the men of 

diis publication may amufe your rea- ^^^ age knew nothing of them, He 

dcrt. certainly did. And there is no doubt 

** Mi(s Ives of SpaTding recieved an bono- ^^^ '^3^ amongft other Gentiles, they 

vary medal, for fpinning wool to a degree of will, in his good time, be called to the 

iacoels never tliought [H>flihl« before. knowledge of the Gofpel and his holy 

** I hank of Jeriey meafurcj 560 yards. religion. A Qy EKI8T. 

•* a4 hanks in a pound of wool is efteemed — ._• 

gpod fpinnijig in the fdiools, 13,440 yards, •, „ - 

ncarSmUes. . :> -t^ / Mr. Urban, 7«r. aj. 

• «* 70 hanks is cfteemed fuperfine fpinning T^ ^^1. LX. p. 698, col. a. it might 

at Norwich 39,2oo yards, above 24 miles. -^ l^^^c been rcmaiked, that Butler's 

** 1 50 hanks in the pound were fpun in dillich had been before noticed in p. 76, 

»754» by Mai y Powley of Eaft Dereham in col. i, of your volume LI. 

Korfolk ; and this was thought fo extraor* The following ilriftures relate to your 

dinary that an account was given to the Royal U/l volume, LXL 

Society, and entered on ilicir regiflers, P. 2 54,noie, read '« LtX." 

84,000 yaids,ab<^c 47} n»i?es. p. 305. („ „j,jhcr copy of the epi, 

. A iV?!! *^ ^"""zo '"^ '^^'i'' ^".^ **^^ t»pt» «n Mr. Holdfwoith, inftead of 

^go^ftiU fartlicr, 168,000 yards, above 95 «';^8s,- in 1. a, it is " 16845" and. ia 

« The manufadhirers of Norwich, zealous !' ^ !"?«** 5^ r .f '"• "j^" •" C 1 'r""*^ 

to encourage this lady's ingeniiUy, ire deft- ''^ j" ?• '?^"^ °^ ' n"\"«d. ,« '« " ^^^ i** 

rous of improving their looms fo as to enable "^ '^1- ^^' " ^""P^'if"^'- ' .. -^"^ ^^' 

Ihcm to ucavc her delicate yam. Mr. Har- ^rcfpondcnt at or near Colelhill may per- 

irey, of that place, has already manufaauied ^^?^ ^^ kind enoueh to examine thc^jl 

Ihme that is very fine ; and he is at prefent ^one in the chanctl there, and determine 

engaged in weaving her fiiieft fort into a the right reading. In 1. 10, he is repre« 

fhawl, the texture of which is exi^eiHed to fcnicd as <iying on " Dec. 30, 17464** 

equal that of the very bcft that have hitherto and in I. 38, in " 1747." Utrum hot urn f 

Utn brought from India." P. 307. Should wc not read, in the 

■■ w/#, •• 1774?" 

Mr. Urban, Ricbm9nd, Feb. 8. P. 3«5. C'>'- «• I- 4« Should rot " hit 

DR. PONTOPPIDAN, Bilhop of ch.pl-io'M>ecrafcd ? 

Bergen, ob<erves that P. 325, col. i,l. 41, read "p. 535." 

«« Near Roftadt is a flat, naked field, on P. 740» col. x. 1. 44, read ** when uf* 

ivbicb DO Tcgecable will grow. The (oil //7«^r< at the fciiool au'' I&c&UTator. 

3 14. Pi6i« 



S992.] Riviiuf §/ Ntw PtMuUimiim 145 

14* Fbiltfifhieal TrunfaBi^mi •f the AejW S^" in the hetTy S hours 5* minutcs. A 

Mfry London. Foribe Tear 1791. fV. (ketch of the four rouiei, together with 

LXXXU PartIL 4to. Teixerii't acrofi the Chaldean Dcfert, in 

ARTICLE VIIL On the RmU of 1605, is fuhjoined. Mr. R. had the 

Travrttini^ as performed hy Camels, prize-medal conferred on him for this 

imel its Application, by a Scale, to the paper. We regret that the Prtfnlent, 

Pmrpo/es of Oeometry, By James Ren- who does not want ahilities for it, de» 

nell, Efq. F, R, S, dines the good old cuftom of a compli- 

Mr. R's geographical talents are well mcntary fpecch on the occaiion. 

known. This paper is particularly cu- Art. IX. 0» Infiaite Series, By Pro^ 

rious ind intereAing, as giving the re* fejfor Waring. 

fu'ts of the obfervations of feveral tra« A^T.'X.n Account of fome Appearances 

▼ellen in the Great and Little Deferts. attatJing the Connterfion of caft into mat* 

Mr. Carmichael traced the firft rourc in liable Iron, By Dr. Beddoes. 

the Great Dcferr, 1751 5 and the MS S. of From a fcrie* of experiments in an 

his joumilt communicaicd by Di. Pa- iron-manufa^ory, where the reverhera- 

tricic RulTelly manifeft a great degree of tory has been iubftiruted to the finery 

accuracy and perfeverance in this way, furnace, the Do£lor infers, chat the phlo' 

which he feems to have fiifl attended to. fiifion fyOem, wliich, after a long difcuf« 

The fecond journal was kept by Colonel fion, has been fully refuted in all its mor 

Capper, 1778, and publifhed in 1783. di6cations, feems on tbe eve of being 

The third, which contains little "more fully abandoned. 

than the time in detail, was communi- Art. XI. On the Decompofilion of 

cased by Mr. Hunter, who croiTeii the fixed Air. By Smithfon Tcnnant, Ejq, 

Defen in 1767. The time between A- Art. XII. A Meteorological Journal^ 

leppo and BuiTorah, in thefe journeys, is principally relating to atmofpberie EleC" 

inthefirft 32a 1 <rfVi/^. ^f/>/ a/ Knigh:ibridge,/r0ai May 

in the fecond 310 > hours. 9, T739, r^ May 9, 1790. Bj Mr. John 

ID the third 199)] Read. 

The difference arifcs chiefly from the Art. XIII. Farther Experiments re^ 

Tarlation in the route acrof^ the Cha!- iating to tbe Decompofilion of depblogifti" 

4tan Tkfert, between Mesjtd Ali and eated and inflammable Air. By Dr. 

Bttdbralh, the firfl of which places is (i- Prieflley. 

mated at about two*chirds of tne diflaoce, The Do£lor here feems inclined to 

and* as nearly as polUble, in a line of di« give up his favourite dn6^rine of pbh-- 

reAioo between ^he latter and Aleppo, gifiou, and the decompofilion of *water; 

Buflforah and Aleppo are 6a i gcogia* at lead to be " haruly ienfiblc uf a ui(h 

phical and 720 Britiih miles alunder, in ^ which way this important controverfv, 

a direft courfe. Mr. Carmichael's route " as it may be called, be decided, not- 

trjctd by a compais through its princi- *' withdanding tbe part he has taken in 

pal l>e!idings, and calculated irigonomc- " it." Sec art. X^ 

trically, gives 688 geographical, or 797 Art. XIV. Experiments on Humaft 

Bri'tifh miles ; and, as he was 322 hov.rs Caliuli, By Mr. Timothy Lanc.^ 

DO the road, the mean hourly rite of tbe Art. XV, Cbermes Lacca.^ By WiU 

camel's motion was 2;475 p<*r hour Bri- liam Roxburgh, of Samulcoita, M.D, 

tifh miTes. Of the Liule Defert there Lac is found on three f}.ec!es of the 

are two journals, by Mr. Irvin and Mr. Mimofa. Dr. R. difcovered thoufands 

Holford, each of whom deviated at each of winged infe6ts in their i};gs, larva, 

* end of the route, to avoid an enemy, pupa, and perfect ftair, which are all 

Mr. I. was 193J hours between Aiepjx> here engraved. 

and Bagdad, the dire£^ didance between Art. XVI. ^he Longitudes of Dun- 

wbich places ii 393 geographical, and kirk aiw/ Paris /rfl«r Greenwich, </f</»r/</ 

his circuitous route 480 Briiiih miles; from Triaf-'^ular Meafuremeat, in 1787 

which gives 2,48 miles for the camel's and 17^^, Jnppofing the Earth to be am 

rate, and which is wi.bin a fmall fra^ion ElHpfoid By Mr. Ifaac Dalby. 

of Mr. Carmichael's route. The intan Art. XVII. On the Msihod of de- 

hourly rate of a camel's travelling may termining, from the real PrUabUity of 

therefore be dated at a.^'jS Biirifii miles. Life, the Value of ecutirfgent Rcvirjiens, 

TTie mean length of the camel's day's /// ijubicb Hhrte L'rjcs are in^olicd in 

journey varies according to its lading J tbe Sur^ivor/bip, By Mr, Vv'illiam 

ia die light caravans 7 hours 27 minutes, Morgan. 

GLifT. Mag. February, 1791. Art. 



146 Rmm if Nm PBi&grims^ [Feb« 

Art. XVin. Ak/hrMS tf m Rigifitr 17. Ajtrtteular AniMtiom to the Imiruaivi ftf 

of tbi BMromitiTf Tbinmmttir, 4md the Temg recommemde^, in a DifioHrfe delr- 

Rmw, m LvndoD, im Rmlinafliire, if -oered «r the Gravel- fit Meeting in Hack. 

Thomtf Barker, Eftf. ; ^Ub tbe Rmm »?» ^4, 1790 on enteri^ on the Ofice 

in Surrey Mtui Hampfliirc, fir tbe Yisr ^f^ %!^u^^Sl!%f "^ ^T^'H 

,790, ri«iin.i«/r^ VThimts White, ffi^S'^'^ ^ ^ 

turhTr^T^^^^^ V- of the youogcr part Sf his co^re. 

mutiit iD9 nwicjtv^m, oj wir gallon at- Birmingham, which in thi$ 

Cavailo. w^^i^v-/-;— .^if; iermen, from 1 Cor. xiii. 9, he recom- 

Art. XX. A m-u, W«W<'"*'/'«- ^end. to bis new congwg.rioD to .dopt. 

gattna tbi Sum, of hfimtt Strut. 8j „ ^„ ^^^^ ^.^^^^^ ^,^ ^^ j^»,^ 

<*/««.. Samuel Vmce. .. .j^jf^^ y„„ ,„ „ ■ j, ,„j ,,fo ^^ 

A»T. XXI. f'f''''^''ri,^Z' " »«■'« " the execution." * 

T.mes'« P#wAr. By Dr. Pearfon. ''*^ '^ "H*'? "^ 'Vr. I e«taiBly by 

^ It i. well, known th.t this powder «™.futaraUe ftreft on certau. opoiions eon, 

ji !-» wvt •* /vi/«..:«« A^ A^ ceming God and his qnoral govemmenc, and 

ia,nol hi prepmrid by foih^mg tbi fpi^ concei?,ing the pcrfon of Chrift, and fome 

tificatiom tn tbe Ceurt of Lbancerj. ur. p^rtiailar doarines of t«vebtion. I confider 

P. inclines to think, that by calcining God ?$ one being and one pcrfon, and Chrift 

together bone aihcs, I. #. phofphorated ^S a prephet mighty in tuord and deed, or i mm 

lime and antimony, in a certain propor- mfptredof God, who taught the wiU of God, 

tion, and afterwards expofing the mix- wliom God raifed^ from the 6aA, and who 

turt to a white heat, a ccmpound was will come again to raife aU the dead, and to 

formed, confifVing of antimonial calx and jnttKe the world. I alfo believe there is no 




Art. XXLI, An Aecount (^ fme ibi* "»«»« «P«; thefc imponaut ^Jo^rinej. 

mceil Ejcpenmenis tm retbet/beer. By Jj^ the ^lUd* with reipiift to which aU 

James Louis Macir, Efq. ^^^^^^e^^S^^^ 

Ruffell, fee FbtL Iramf, vol. I.A AA. p. ^,^ ^^^^^^ ,.^ ^ ^^^ wiUtweire acconl'ms 

2«3, and our vol. LA I. p. 149. to their chani6lw an* aftioos hew. Thb it 

K^X.XXIW. AJecondFaperottHy ih^ one great trKb of iw^tarfoo. Itbwhat 

grmetry. By J. A. Dc Luc, A/J. „,„ couU never havedilcoverad by thelight 

See the 6rft in part L of this volume, of Nature; and it was in oi^Jer to give the 

The «<Lift of Picfcnts made to tlic So* higheft degree of credibility to this one tiiuht 

" ekty*' concludes the volume* viz. tbe dodlrioe of a reiurreAion iFrom the 

dead, tliat the divine rotfltoi of Chrift, and 

^ o ^..^.k,^ ^# iTtrrimir rjm,r^k im of the AvtBtifKfWere pnvidod. Life and Im- 

CambriUgdhirc, in Memory of the late Earl "jottality m htem^Xoiig^ by the Gofpcl. 

rW^-xjkiiA c.,«^,« A.J^w^ «» .*.«- To remind yoo ot this mnataeH of all truths, 

0/ Guildford, o« Sunday, Augutt ,5, .790. ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^ ^^^ ^^ 

ik.A SertKOfi preached at K irtling and Alhleyi this truth tends to eoforcey is tl»e great bufi- 

in Carobridgdhire (in^confequence of the late neft of every Chriftian roinifter. Every 

Ear! of Guildford's Legacy of jeA to thefe thing elfe that he teaches, or doe^ is fubfer- 

Tarifhes). vicot to this. fcic this rea(bn| our great 

BOTH thefe plain, pra£Uca1 difcourfes, objeft is to inculcate th:it deep reve- 

fuiied to the audience and the occafion, rence for God, that pure benevolence to 

are written by the Rev. James Weather- • man, and that command of our private ap» 

head Hate of St. John's College, Cam- !«*»'« awl paffious, which give a dignity to 

bridec). the author and curate of Kirt- the human diar^^d coiiftitute our only 

W and Afhley cum Silvcrley. The prepai^ioo for that future ftate which ilie 

tcxf of the firll is Gen. xxv. 8 /and the ^J^P^^ ^^^"Si'^kw u^^^^ ^^T^* 

icxt or Hic III . . ^Y^ ^^^ ^^jjjj^ hirofelf a Chnftian, holds 

Earl, who clofed a good life at he age of ^^ ^^^ ^ ^ ^^^^ ^^^ j ^^. 

$7, is compared to Abraham : that of the ceive him as a bcothcr, in wliatevcr Ught he 

fecond, Prov, xi. 17. Since thcie ler- ^^^ confider me; believing, that if we 

mons were preached, the author has been equaUy cultivate the fiwrit, aud equally at- 

prefented, by the prefent Earl, to whom tend to tbe duties, of Cbriftianity , our com- 

they are infcribed, to the liriogs men* moa Saviour, and that God whofc /<rt;tf«« 

tioned lo the title-page. our Saviour waSf will regard us with equal 

filvuur* 



179^0 Rn/iiw tf Ntw PuiHtniims. 147 

tsftmr. IcaflmTfti/nUntCariMH hkbaito fcnfe of, when retorted upoo himfelf* 

iBorc uftnlly called a SociniMi j hut 1 do not Why, elfe, U he fo bufy with his fp?cu- 

believe I OuU have itoy adnnuge, hereafter, Uttions, which can do him no good io 

0(wr the Arian or Trinicariaiiy who OuOl i|,i, life or another ? 

•qaaUy feel awl aa » becmitt a Chriftian. |^ jj fl,,,^,^ be a matter of doubt how 

Members of the Qiurch of Eng^ and alfo f„ ^j, ,^f,„j conjjregition may concur 

ofihat of J^;^VhoUing, k 1 do, Jhe p« j^ ,^j, »[,„ ^^ teachingVm, he may re- 

iioctnne above-menCiooed. as Caugbt by ^ ^ .u j r * ilt r> n 

Chrift. I confider as bi^ther. di^ai^ 2;!*' *<> ^* ^^'"»»'?5 New College, 

though they may not acknowledge mTS The tutors are already reduced to /wi^, 

that light. I prouft againft the corruptions the houfckeeocr is difmiffed. and the 

and abufes which I believe thofe Churches whole cuodoa: of it may probably, be- 

hare introduced into Chriftianity, and of fore this century expires, devolve on 

iuppor///r^ in it t conceiving that ttie belief, the DoSor as a monopoly, 
and, in fome degree, even the moral influ- 
ence, of Chriftianity, is obftru^cd by that 

means. But if they be fmcere in tlieir be- i8. 7^ Dm/j of Forgivenefi of LtJMries, a Dlf- 

lief, I have no prejudice againft their per- <^*«'/'» ifttended to he dtlhmed foon after the 

fons. I am willing to believe that they ho- ^'s^' '" Birmin^h.iin. J?y Jofeph Prieftley : 

neilly follow tlie light that God lias given BUT which (tiie Do6lor beio^ afraid 

Ibem, which is all that I can pretend to do ; to truft himfelf, his aififtant, Mr. Blvthc, 

and if I inaagbe that I know more than they, bein^ too old to deliver ii) was delivered 

1 ought certainly to ih more, diftioguilhing i,y Mr. Corues, to the congregations of 

royfclfbymyzcalinthcciufcofthcGofpel, i,^^ meetings. From the departing 

ID proportion as I conceive that 1 hold it in ^^^^^ ^^ o2r Divine Maftcr Sn tht 

grstfer puniy. p. 34-37; crofs, a parallel is drawn between Him 

This piaure which the good Do^or j^^ the Di.ttor, who takes great pMns 

draws of himfclf is pcrfcAly cocfiftcnt jy i^ us know hov/ clcfcly he copies 

with his aflcrtioo, that the world wants ^im in cuirity and forgivencfs of cne- 

to be r4-€brifltamzeiii and he thinks n,ics. We, who have lived Jong enough 

himfelf fully etiual to tlie undertak- }„ t^e world to know that the grcaitft 

mg, and doubtlefs flaitcrs himfclf that ^^|^„ ^^^c always the lead doers, beg ip 

he (hail Income a fecond faviour to thofe fufocnd our belief of this atrertion. and 

who believe in him j and, in perfeft ,ijai from this very vehicle of them, 

harmony herewith, he will be feen, in Rcflcaions on tUc courr, the bifnops, 

the fubleciuent aiiiclc, tqr fct himlelf and the clergy of the prcfent day, arc rot 

forth as a uerfccuted faviour, not yet put i^ \^ fj,ivcd bv comparing thcni with the 

to death for his faith, but approaching j^^jfl, pr,c!h'and rulers. Another ap- 

fcry nearly to the fuffciings of him pofitc comoarifon has prefcnted itfelf.— 

whom he ftyles a //rvflii/ of God. ^ Jofeph'Pricfiley to Jofcph the Pa- 

He proceeds : triaich,— .'.hofe fufferin^s were m.ide, 

*< Our grcateft duties relate not to fpccn- by an ovLr-ruling Providence,' to pro- 

htion, but to |)ra<5lice. We are idl to be duce good out of evil. Hoiv our mo* 

ktMrert of the won! j but the great article of dera patririrch and his brethren ..re to 

all is to be Joers of the work alTigned us by hring about th;;: happy tfFcft, will bcft 

God to do. When our I^rd (hall return, and be feen by the fubjcft of the following 

take an aca>unt of his fervauis, the enquiry article. How it happened that J»,b, the 

tliat he w.U make will not be what wo paragon of patience to Jcw^ ChiiPians, 

thought concemmg his perfon, or any other J^j ^Mahometans was not thought of on 

fuojcft of fpeculation, hut whether we (hall ^^^ ^^^^^^ ^^ ^jg^.^,^ to conceive- 

have obeyed his commands, and erpecially tr* \.u rTi>r.i' 

whether we (hall have fulfilled th^great ""^'^'^^ « ^^^^-^ bec-ufe Jol/. fu.crinp 

duty of Chriftian love, wl.ich includes that ^«'« "^^ the produce of human, bur, by 

•f candour and forbearance towards our err- d»^»ne pcrmiihon, dcvilifli pcrfccution. 
lag brethren." 

Pcrfci mlfter of foplliftry, the Doc- ,j. High-cbunb Po/ithh; bdn^ a fcafonabU 

tor knows how to apply ibis reafoning. jfpfc.il t^j the FrUndi •/" the Riitifh Coiflitu- 

He and his followers are all candour^ thn ,tfnirtfl tbe VrittcipUi oni Fta^icn '.f 

forbearance, and Chriftian love to their V.i'^h cburcb-tfien, ai evempHfud in th '. - 

erroneous and mifguidcd enemies and O^'^hian to tbe Teft LMw%i and in tbe h • 

perfecutors. Bu: he r^trvcs to himfclf «»' Birmingham. 

to convince them of their errors, by WE (h^ill confine ourfelv ... 'Ax. 

cverv mode of inlinu:ition, ridicule, and ing the contents ot thwfe s^ ■' ^ . i. 

abufc, which he ciunuc difguife his whioli every circumlU.x;.. :■,.. 



...lilt. 



H^ 



RiviiW 9f UruD PuhhcaiUnt* 



[Feb. 



*' happily fituated thin I did. But Pro- truth; and he claims unlimited freedom 

*' vidence having now declared icfeif, I as its undoubted inheritance. Well thea 

^ acc)uiefccy ana even rejoice in the de- migiit we fay, with Pilate, What is 

•♦ cifioo;'* p. II?. It is very Well known truth? if we had not a fure word of 

bow eager ihc Do^^'M* wa( to re(ume his prophecy to lefort to, not founded on 



former lituaaon. He '* intended, rl die 
** weather would permit, to preach in 
** the area within the walls of \\\% meet- 
^ ing-houfe the very Sunday afiei ic w«s 
•* burnt down" (p. 31), from the text 
which was afterwards preached from. 
He intended to have delivcie^l ihur fer- 
mon iome time after* But Lis friends 
(fee their Addrefs, p. 170) were too 
earned in their dilTuafions, joined to 
'< the invetera':y againH him thiough the 
***town in general, rather incrcafed than 
'< diminiihtd" (p. 74;, and Mrs. P's fix- 
ed refolution never to trad herfelf at 



Church eiTabliihments or DilTenting va- 
riation ., hut on the foundation of Chrift 
himfelfy and the word of God revealed 
by him. 

H re we take leave of the Appeal— 
fiom the injuOice of the Govtrnment and 
?f9pl€ of England at larue, to the juftice 
of — the world at large \ an artful at- 
tempt to fee tlie people of England ac 
v^riaoce with their government, with 
the dcrgv, and with thcmfelves ; but 
which requires 00 depth of penetration 
to fee through, or of prudence to defeat. 
Some may perhaps l>e dtfpofed to call it 



Birmingham again, prevailed on him to the lafi dying fpiteh and comfeffion of Jo- 
give up his purpofe. In his anfwer to ftph i-'riellley. The Strictures on the 



the Addrefs of his Congregation, (iated 
Oft. 8, 1791, he fays, •* Mv fituannn, 
" \f f'^f** would be uncomfoi table, and 
" frrbmti burtful\ and it is my dclibe- 
^' r.^te opinion, that it will be better for 
** ioni./ perfon lefs obnoxious to popular 
*< prejudice to take my place, and that I 
** may be more ufcfully fixed in Lon- 
'* don, or' its neighbourhood." This 
may be a declaration of Providence, and 
fo may the outrages themfelveshave been 
a declaration of the fame Providence in 
dif approbation of the Doftor's tenets. 
Both tides have equal right to appeal to 



Thoughts OH the Riots at BirMiugbam, 
which occupy ten paees more, amount 
to no more titan an aifertion that a mtn 
can do no hurt hv his 'writings, p. xat. 

When the Do£bor fays, the eyes of all 
Europe are upon the riots and fires at 
Birmmgham ; m^y we not alk, are they 
not alfo on the repeated inflances of tir- 
ing chateaux and houfes in France, and 
the murderous efFe£ts of party- lage in 
different towns and municipalities of tbit 
unhappy kinj:-doni? Are they not open 
aUo on the exterminating war carrieil on 
by the Ameiicans againft the Indians 



Providence, and none but God himfelf en their borders, and the public acquittal 



can decide. 

When the Doftor, p. 67, obferve^, 
** Dr. Tatham, of Oxford, exulting over 
" us on this ocCriHon, fpeaks of the Dif- 
*' fentsrs as gracioujly indulgid,* and 
tauntingly afks, '* Bur whether is it our 
** fyftem of reli^.ion or his tikat is moll 
** graciouUy indulged, and whithof them 
« is beft entitled to this indulgence?'* 
may we not retort, Which fet of men 
profefs the trued Chriflianity, the Church 
of England or tiie DiiVenters? and if the 
latter, which ic^t among them are po(- 
felled of it in the greatcll purity ? The 
Trinitarian or Cahi^iiilic, the Unitarian, 
the Swedenborgtan, each claim the ex- 
cluiive privili'gc. So does the Quaker 
and the Roman Catholick ; fo does tlie 
Methodill, though divided between dif- 
ferent leaders. Thus is ChiiHianity torn 
i^iklo pieceSf tiA tacit pany boalts an un- 
doubted title 'o tiic undivided nvbc/e of 
it. Jcfus Chiifl fa:d ot his followers, 
" Ye Uwll know the truth, and the ti uth 
" ihall make you free." Dr. P. lays. 
Nobody before btmfelf knew what was 
1 



of their General from any mifcondu6l 
or ill fuccefs the rem ? 

zi.y^ Letter to tt-e Rfv, Thomas Coke, LUD, 
and Mr. Henry M(H>re ; crcajjvied by tkc-r 
I'ropofuh to i-xthitfo the Lift of tbt Rev. John 
Weflcy, A. M. in cppfijition to that aJrcer^ 
tijed (under Sanftjon of the Kxccutors) /• 
be 'writicn by Jiilin Whitclicad, M. D, 
yjljo, A Letter ftom the Ret;, Dr. Coke /• 
the Autf)or, en the futr.e Snbje^, Tc^tther 
ivilb thi' lubc/e Ccrrrf/ cnJcKcef and the l.ircu- 
I*i> I ctten tj}i:t-'t: '■n toe Occn/ion^ and n true 
tifui imp.nt.'ji iV.z.V >.«»/ (f Fa^. hitWt:f. ;'•."- 
fi ijft.i. To 'iu/.u< fj is added f yyV App-af .trd 
Kem'-jn/traricc to the Feop/e callid MctlcJi/is» 
By an old Member cf the 6cctetj!. 

IT is neither polliblc nor plcafrint to 
us to follow all the convulfions and 
fchifms into which the focicty of Me- 
thodills are hadcning, on the dcmife of 
their great hc.-.d and leader j Aill lefs 
IhJill we enter into the difpute between 
his biographer. Sullicc it to cxt::.dt 
from this puMicition an original letter 
of Mr. Wtfl-.s'.s, winch may be authtn* 
ticaccd by calling 00 th^ publifher. 

« Dear 



»79«I 



Xtvi'm tf Nm PuUiMi0U. 



^si 



••DcarSiTi 
•* For your obliging letter, which I rc- 
teived diis roorning, i return you thanks. 

*• Our opinions, for the moil part, |>er- • 
feAly coincitle refpe^ing the (lability of tlie 
tonnexiiH) after nny head is laid in the ilufl. 
This, h<ivifrever, is a fuhjeA about i:Vliic!i I 
am nnc fi) anxious as you feetn to imagined ; 
on the contrary, it is a matter cf the utmoft 
inditltrence to me, as I ha^e long forefccn 
that a diTifion nrod nccefTarily cnfiie, from 
caufes fo various, unavoiilahle, mh\ certain, 
that I have loni; (Ince given over all thoughts 
aikl hopes of fettling it on a permanent foun- 
dation. You do not fccm to He aware of the 
mofl eife&'we caufc that will bring about a 
divifion. You apprehend the moft ferious 
Confequences from a Aruggle between the 
preachers for power aod pre-eminence, and 
tliere being none among them of fufhcient 
authority or abilities to fuppott the dignity, 
or command the refpe A, and exadl the im- 
plicit obedience, which is fo necelfary to up- 
hold our conditution on its prefent princi- 
ples. This, mod undoubtedly* is one thing 
that will operate very powerfully againft 
Unity in the connexion, and is, perhaps, 
Ulut i might poir.bly have prevented, liad 
not a Hill greater difhcnlty arifen in my 
mind. 1 have often wifhed for fome perfon 
of abilities to fucceed me as th« head of the 
church I have with fuch indefatigable pains 
and adonilhing fuccefs edablifhed ; but, con- 
Yinced ttiat none but vtvy lupetior abilities 
would be equal to the umlcrtnking, was I to 
adopt a fucccflbr of this defcriptiun, 1 fear lie 
night gain fo mucli influence among the 
people as to nfurp a ihare, if not the wliole 
of ttiat abfolnte and uncontroulabte power, 
which I have hitherto, and am determined 1 
will maintain fo long as I live : never will I 
bear a rival near my throne. You, no doubt, 
fee the policy of continually changing the 
|>reacher8 from one circuit to another, at 
Ihort pericHls : for flioiild any of them be- 
come popular with their different congrega* 
tiom, and infuiuate themfelves into the fa- 
vour of their hearers, they might potlibly ob- 
tain fuch influence as ro e(bibliih themfelves 
independently of me and the general con- 
nexion. Befulss, the novelty of the conti- 
nual change excites curioAty, and is the 
more necellary, as few of our preachers 
have abilities to render themfelves in any 
degree tolerable any longer than they are 
new. 

** The principal caufe which will inevita- 
bly effedl a diminution and divirii>n in the 
cwnnexion after my death, will bu the failure 
of fubfcriptions and contributions towards 
the fupport of the caufe ; for money is as 
much the fmews of religious as of military 
power. If it is with the greatell diflkulty 
Uiat even I can keep tUem together, for 
want of this very nec^elfary article : I think 
■o one elfe can. Another caufe, which with 

8 



otheri wiQ tfkBt tht divUkn, is the difpotet 
and contentions that will arife between the 
preachers and the parties that will efpoufe 
their feveral caufe!: ; by which means much 
truth will iie brouglit to light, which will 
reflet fo much to rlieir di(iid vantage, that 
the eyes of the people will be opened to feo 
their motives and principles; nor will they 
any longer contribute to their fupport, when 
they Arid all their pretenfions to fanflity aitd 
love are fuundod on motive? of intereft and 
ambition. The aMifequence of which will 
be, a few of the moft popular will eftablifh 
tliemfelves in the refpe&tive places where 
they have ;;a:ned fufllicient influence over 
the minds of the people. The reft mufl re- 
vert to ttieir original humble callings. But 
this no way concerns me : 1 have attained 
ilic objcft of my views by eftablifhing a 
name tluit will not foon periifa from the face 
of the earth ; I have founded a fe£l which 
will boafl my name long after my difciplido 
and dc<5trines art forgotten. 

** My character and reputation for fan^ity 
is now beyond the reach of calnmny; nor 
will any thing that may hereafter come to 
light, or be Tdd concerning me, to my pre- 
judice, however true, gain credit. 

' My unfoird name, th' auderenefs of my 
« Will vouch again ft it, pifc^ 

* And fo the aecufation overweigh, 

* That it will (lifle in its own repoity 
'And fmell of calummy.' 

"An^ither canfe that will operate mors 
powerfully and elfe^hially than any of the 
preceding is, the rays of Philofophy, which 
begin now to pervade all ranks, rapidly dif- 
pellingthe miltsof i^nor.ince, which havelteen 
long, in a great det^ree, the mot'ier of duvo- 
tion, of ilavifh prejudice, and the enthufiaftic 
bigotry of religious ojiinions. The decline nf 
the Papal power is owing to the fame irrefift- 
iblc caufe 1 nor can it be fuppofed that Wo- 
th(Hlifm cart ftnnd its ground \\b.i:n brougiiC 
to the tell of Truth, Reafon, and Philofophy. 
Qty RmJ, ThtoJ'Jay tnom. J. W." 

This Writer announces ** A complete 
" Hilbry of the Rife and Progrels of 
** Methcdifm,*' fpetdily to be publilhed* 

21, j4 TreaUfe on ^lihafter, «r Gypfimi ; ae» 
fcribing its fowerful I'JJe^t a\ a i>a\ cUup 
Mnnute for Ccrn and Land in gineraln *nid 
firtirul.i'iy for Gtjf* LaruUy fttr>:ed by a 
i'arirfy cf hxpcrimnifs. By Richard VVcf- 
ton, Secretory to the Lciceflerfhire Afjritm.^ 
fure So^.-efy. 

MR. W, well koown for his ?^iicuU 
tural, hon'cultuial, and botanical pub* 
lications, fug^efl^ the advantage of ma* 
nuung with aTabaftcr,or plafter of Paris, 
pulverized, asfirfV ufed in America, and 
of which there is h (>uarry aear Svflon 
in Leicefterfliire, and others in Derby* 
fiilre« It a£t8 a» an imroedi^te manure to 



«5* 



Xtvitw 0/ New Fublhitimfi 



[FeK. 



ttnht and 'aftci^irards» in an equal de- inditution of ChriAIanity to the prefent 



grc6, CO sraiDi and one drelTing will 
coocinue m^force for feveral fucctediog 
crops. A number of experiments in 
America are cited in atteUation; and to 
this fmall pamphlet of 50 pages chwc it 
an excellent index. 

13. Pletas Briftolicnfis cxcmfUfifd^ in a Set' 



time; and chives very juft reafons why 
greater ftrit^nefs and fevcrity became 
them in the 5r(l period, and at the Re- 
formation, than in the latter period, in 
allowing- a conformity to the difTcrenc 
circumflaocei of dilFcrent periods* he 
properly guards again ft undue and iinful 
compliances, and draws this concluBon* 
pteaebeJi/t the Cat bedr a f Church ^ before that " Our ecclefiallical governors, while 



the Dolphin Society, on Monday, November 
14, I79I> ^'"If ^^ Amiiverfiiry Gtanmam- 
rtion of the Buth-^y of the Ute Edward 
CoUioii, hfq. By Thomas Ford, LL. D. 
heretofore Student of, Chrift Church, Ox- 
ford, Vicar of MekoQ Muwbray, Leicc^ 
terihire. 

BRlSTOL*can never be tired^ ef re- 
counting the charities of her native 
Colflon, '* after whom hath not arifen 
•*^any like him of all its benefactors, 
*• neither any that were before him." 
He founded a public fchool for the city^ 
another for hts own pariih,f an hofpital 



'* they exercife their functions mildly,. 
" and with fdme regard to the circum- 
'* fiances of the times, have chofen the 
•* likelictt means in tlieir power to pre- 
«* fervc the iuterefls of religion ; there- 
•• fore they are equally free from ciJcn- 
*' five rigour, and from blameful negleC)'^ 
** which is their innocence ; and that 
*' they pofTefs the true art to rule a free 
^ and civilized people, by not governing 
*' too much, which is their wifdom. 
'*'This conclufion I -apply not only to 
** the governnnent of the Chu-xh, as ex- 
*• erci^d over its own pa(lors» but like 



for decayed tradcfmen and poor widows, •< ^yjfg Q^er all its members, and, confe- 

a fund for worn-out merclwnts and (ca- » <|uently, to that fubordimite controul 

men, and a fet of Lent ftrmons. Thcfc m ^^ich any piflor may be impowercd 

charitits, and their motives, arc well <« ^q ^fe in his rcfpeaive fphere." To- 

difplaycd by the learned and bcnevoknt j^e moraKconduft of the cletfry, thefc 

preacher, who adds to them the examples concluTions arcihus applied: " From him 

of Mr. John Thornton and Mr. John u ^ho is dealt with liberally, fomcthintf 

mi' • J -1 t 1-. ._ y 



Sage, his own wife's father^ 

24. On the DiviMty cf our Stri'lcuTf' a Sermon^' 
preached at Norwich Catbtdra! and St. 
Gregory's, January 9, 1791. By John 
Gee Smyth, A.B. Cbaflnin to the Right 
Honourable Lady Doivager Dacre, Curate of 
St. Gregory's, Vicdr of Eaton, and Reffor 
of Chibleworth, in Suffolk. 



"more is due than barely not to tranf- 
'* grefs. It li a bafe mind that can ufe 
*' unthankfuUy the blclUngs of liberty : 
** and he who receives a chaflifement for 
'* his offences from a mild government, - 
'* befides the dif^race of that puniHimenry 
** carries the fligma of ingratitude and 
" depravity. But he that is truly fenfi^ 

r^r\M^ A iKic /' 1 .4- • J « ble of the confidence repofcd in him^ 

CONTAINS feveraljudiciou^and can.' .* ^jn not think it enough to keep him. 
did remarks m fupport of the doanne. « f^lf merely within the limits of his 

** duty, but, by his Aeady attention, and 




^ , , . ^,. . - / / , ,1' /' ..w.» .a - .wfpea which is paid 

farfY-reformed (.burcbi preacbcU at the Ta- ,. r • -^ i ^ • j i 

ihedralof Norwich, June 17, .791. -t the 8^""°"* ^i?*"^' ""i"^^ *" indu'gencc 
Primary nfitati^ of Geo.^e / ord Bifl^p of " ^« ^^'« weakntfs. To perform the ge- 
that Diocefe. and puhlijhed at the ur^anim-Mx " ^eral parts of his duty, noihing more, 

*< perhaps, is wanting, than an mgenuoua 

Hiicere inclination. But 



Renuefi of the Reverejui the Chancellw and the 
Clerg^y of the Deanries o/" Norwich and Ing- 
■worth. By Thomas Jeans, M /I. ReShr 
•f Witchingham, Norfolk, late Fellow of 
Kew College, Oxford, and formerly Secre- 
tary and Chaplain to Lord Stormont, in bit 
Embaffy to Paris. 



*' mind and a 
<* for a-minilierof the church to perform 
<* this duty, fulfilling it in all the nice 
*« concerns of his fituation, requires no 
<c mean (bare of pra^ical wifdom. And 
<* if in thofe particulars which mofl con- 



FROM Mate. x. 16. the preacher ** cern him to manage fkilfully he has 
tskti occafioD to (hew the application of <* been fuccefsfui \ i^ without the alTif\» 
that direAioo, to unite the wifdom of the '< ance of wealth to give him confe- 
ferpent with the innocence ot the dove, « qucnce, he has preferved the refpe£t 
to the clergy in all ages, from the firft <* due u> bis ch4racl«r} if, without the 

*^ cummea 



fr79*»] ^mewof'NfW Puhlianlwu. 'ijj 

** conmon fan£^ton o£ punifhment to * 'Tis life and liberty Qiall glad my groves; 

•• GODtrouU he has inaintaiD^d the auiho- * The cry of Murder iball not damn my 

** rity of hu office; if, without a blame- * domei' 

** able acquicfcence in the faCbions aQ4 ^ Thm ihould 1 (ay, were mine » houfe and 

^ maoners of the a^e, he has avoided land— 

«« the appcaraoce of fmgularit) % he may And lo, to me a parent (hould you fly, 

•^** juftly claim the merit of having obey- And run, and lick, and i>eclt with love my 

*• ed the. command in tlie text, and de- h:md, 

•♦ ferves that efkem which we owe to a ^nd crowd around me with a fearlcft eye. 

^-charaficr of wifdom adorned with a ''< And you, O wild inhabitants of air, 

*' life of innocence. That fuch pcrtc£t T chiefs, and to be Well, at P»T»a'scaU, 

<* efteem uoiverfaWy falls to the (hare of -Invited by hisJtiodncfs, Ihould repair; 

•'our clergy, is more than I date take Chirp on his roof, and hop araidft his hall. 

" upon mc to aflfert. But I hefuate not '^Ko fctioolboy's-hacd ihould dare your oefts 

'* to fay, that in a great meafure, and invade, 

^* generally, I believe it to be their due." AnJ bear to clcfe captivity your young—" 

Plcas'd would 1 feechem fluttering from tb« 

•«6. Mere Motiy! or, 0<h% 9J Injlraakn U fbade, 

Kr. Pitt; 'With a Faritty of oiber clxace And to my window call the f©n5 of foiig. 

AUtters. By Peter Pindar, i/y. <*And ¥ou, O natives of the flood, ihould 

PETER, uMiiir affitSien, improveth { play, 

■ivitnefw his Moral nJitBion ou humanity Unhun,anndyourcry(lalreaIms,andfleeps 

to brutes, which we with pleafurc cop>, No hook, ihould tear you from your lovM 

though it is next to impoHible for man- away^ 

liind to concur in a revolution in that No net furrounding form its fatal fweep. 

•way. We ihatl, however, for his ciedir^ ^< Pleas'd ihould I :gaze upon your gliding 

infert it here. throng, 

^ How can the eye, in Nature's fofuiefs dreft, . ^ '^^ ^^^ "»^>^ ^ the fummer beam 1 

So harden'd, fee the different tribesarouud j ^ow moving m moft folemn march along. 

Behold the grating cattle all fo bleft, Now daning, Icapuig from the dimptod 

And lambkins mingling fport, with fweet- itream. 

eft found ; ^ *'. Hew far more grateful to the foul the joy, 

*-« Then glift'ningiin a ftrain of triumph cry. Thus cheartul, like a fet of friends, to 

• Y our throats, y oung gentlefolks, w ill fooa ^ ti «at y «, 

* be cut — Than, like the bloated Epicure, to cry, 
f2w,fweetMifsLamb,moft fpeedilyflialldie— *.Zound$ ! what rare dinnersi— God 1 how 

• » Socm on the fpit, you, Mafter Calf, be put ?* * 1 xould eat ye I* 

'^ How can the tongue, amid the mingldd ** The Progrefs of Knowledge" is alio 

noife [I^Mi, admirably painted. 
Of gool'e, duck, tuikey, pigeon, cock and 

Exclaim, • Aye, aye, gotxi fowls, your catk- ^7. The OiJ^fiatedy hy FraneisTlowdco, Tjq, 

Ming joys [of men?* Crttveyamer^ cf the Middle Temple, arra- 

• Soon ceale, 10 fiU with mirth the mouths fined by the ^'iSl tf V^riiummt lately JUted 
« I cannot meet the lambkin's aflcing eye, >'' '^ ^^Hff 0/ the Enghih Rortlan U- 

Pai her foft neok, and fill her mouth with tholichu 

food, [die, 1 HE cafe relates to foipc diffcreKces 

Then fay, « Ere evening comsth, thou ihalt amoitg the Engliih Catholics on th« 

« And drench the knives of butchers with wording of the oath, and other matters, 

* il»y blood.' infcrted m their bill as firft drawn. As 
^I cannot fling with liberal ^latul the groin, a laymtin^ and a man of lortune and cha- 

And telltliefieather d race,fo bleft around, ra£lcr, Mr. P. may be perhaps entitled to 

•Forme, ere night, you feel of death the pain; njo^c attention in his ilatemcnt than the 

• With broken necks you flutter on the clirgyo\ his pany in theiis : for lictwcen 

'ground/ /i&//B a fuiious controvcHv * ha^ raged. 

«How vile 1—* Go, creatures of th AU j^jr. p. reafons againft the F.eoch icvo- 

« mighty's hand ; [yieds; lution ptincipJe^, and undertake., with 

- Enjoy the fruits that bounteous Na uro ^^^^^^ .»d precifion, to dcant the re- 

'« Graze at your eafe along the funny land; , . ' , • . .u r r \ 

. Skim the free air. a..J feard. the fra,if«l i'""" *'"''='' ''"= "''e'"!" """' "^ " « 

«.Go. ana be h.ppy in yoor moWal loves , bo.nc. ..o, and e.er will U,,, to th* 

'*'•' '"'^^^^ "^ ^"" '^•'^ •S.«tb.Lift,p...9-.a.. £»,T. '- 

civH 



156 lUviiW $/ NiW Puhlhathnu [Feb, 

civil policy md gorennnent of this coun- her pulfe. While he was doing this» the cU 

try. If any ooe fays, or pretends to in* fluvia firom her body were very ofYenfive to 

finuatCy th^t in this refped the modern him, and it was always his own opinion thac 

Roman Catholics, who are objefts of he then caught the fever. She died on thQ 

the late bounty of Parliament, differ in following day. Mr. H. was much affcdied 

one iota from their predecelTors, he is by her death, as lie had flattered himfelfwiiU 

either deceived himfelf, or wiihes to de- '^oPf of h^r anncndment. Fropi Jan. 3 a^ 

• Qrk-jj to the 5tli he fcarcely went <>ui * j but on 

that d.4y Jie weiir to dine with Admiral 

D ji r a r o t ' J. J J r ^L ryr r ^L Moptgwinoff, who lived about a mile and a 

»8. Jl LiM Booh tntrnded for the Vfc ./ the ^^^ ^^^ ^.^ J^ ^^ ^^ ^^. ^ ,^^^^ ^^^^ 

•^^f f???''^ /-^'k A -^^ "f^^J» and when hi returned found himfelf 

'withm the Dtocefi of Chefter. ^^^^,j^ ^^j ^^^^^^^^ ,^^ ^^, fomething of tho 

19. Ji Letter to the Students in Divinity in the gout flying about him. He immediately took 

Diccefcof Chefter ; occafionedby a lateVuh- fome fal volatile in a little tea, and thought 

lication of a Lift of Books j with a Preface, hy himfelf better, till three or four o'clock on 

the Bifhf of Chefter, and intended as a Saturday morning, wl.en feeling not fo well. 

Supplement k> that If'vrk. he repeated the fal volatile. He got up i|i 

THE Biihop of Chcfler, with a zeal the morning, and walked out ; but finding 

becoming his regaid for the durie< of his himfelf worfe, foon returned, and took an 

fundion, had no fooner circulated a lift emetick. On the following night he had a 

of what he thought the propercft books* violent attack of fever, when he had recourfe 

to ferve the interefts of Chiiftianiiy, but to his favouiite remedy, James's powdn> 

fomc member of a different church and which he regularly took every two or four 

diocefe officioufly ftcps forward, and pro- »^"y»^» J»» Sunday, the 1 7th ^ for though 




,, ri 1 • never interfered with during this time. Oa 

one colUgc, or one great *«»>«>». »o"- the nth he had a kind of fit. in which he 

fenng and dilating what books ^ail be i^^jjenly fell down, his facp became black, 

ufed, or what IcSurcs adopted, m an- his breathing dilflcult, and he remained in- 

oihcr. fenfiblc for half an hour. On the 17th he 

had another fimilar fit- On the 18th he was 

gc. A Vit^u of the Charaffer and fuhiic Services feized with hiccuping, which continued on 

of John Howard. Efq. I.L.D. F. AJ.A'. By the next day, when he took fome muflc 

John Aikiii, M.D. ( Concluded f rem f. 6^. J draughts, hy diredlion of t'.^c phyfician. ^- 

THE particulars of Mi. H's dctth ait *wu^ f«ven on Wcdnpfday morning, Jan. ao, 

thus given from his fcrvantS narrative : he had anoUier fit, and died in about an hour 

^, J! L • f . • .1 after He was pcrfc^^ly fenfible during his 

/ The winter being far adv^anceil on the .^^^^^ ^ j/^^,,^ ^f ^jU ^.^.^ ^ 

taking of Bender, the: commander <.f the Ruf- ^^ ^^^^^ ^^ ^.^ ^^^^^ ^^.^ ^^^^^ ^^ ^{^ 

fian army at that place gave permiflum to expe^ed to take place ; and he often 

many of the ofticcrs to vifit the.r fne.Kls at ^ ,^ {^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^^ J^^^ ^^, jj^^ j,^^^ ^ -^ 

Cherfon, as the feventy of the feafon would j^,^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^ji^^j ^^-^ ^^j,^^, 

IK< admit of a contmuation of hc.ltdu.cs a- l,^^^^,^.^ . ^^ „^e a will f on the Thurf^ 

pmft the Turks. Cherfon, mconfequencc. ,, i,ef..;cl>e died; and w.is buried, at his 

became much crowded; and the inliab.iarts ^^;,^ ^, ^^^^ ^^ ^,^^ ^,^,^ ^,^ ^ Da.iphine, 

teft.fied their joy fur tne fuccefs of the Ruf ,^^^^^^ g I^.ies from Cherfon, where a raoiia- 

lians by balls and mafquerades. Several of ^^. ■ ^^^xi^.i «„„^ i,,^ «^. ,%.*. " 

., re If .1 • I u-^ . t r>i mcnt is eredled over his gtave. 

tlic omcers, and t>f the inhabitants of Chtr- ** 

fon, and of the Rcniry in the neigl.bouihood, L)r- '^» '" «he unctr:ainty as to tl.c 
wl'.o .nitendcii thclc b,dls, were, al mod im- true nature «.t his diloiJcr, inclines to 
mediately afterwards, sttacke-l with fevers j tliiak that a wandering gout ma-'c part 
and it wa«: Mr. H's idea, that the infection o^ his ditordcr, and that it is h:gl»ly pro- 
had been brought from lender. Anu»ngft b-i)!c MuH's name may he added to the 
the number who cauji lit this contagion was a numerous I ill of iholc whofe lives have 
younj lady who lefideil aV>ut iC miles from been facriticed to :hc empirical life of a 
Cherfon. Wlicn flie had been ill fome little niedicinrr ot i'lt.at «aiviiy (James's pow- 

time, Mr. H. was earnelUy rcijueftei! to vifit 

her. He fir ft favv her on Sunday Dec. 27. » jherc feems fomc miltake here, as 

He vifited her ag;iin ui the muldle of the j^j^^c i> a fu'.l report, in his Meinoii^, of a 

week, and a thud time un the Sunday fol- yjc^ ^^^ j^e Uofpital ni Ci.erfon, daitd Jan. 6. 

lowing, Jan. 3. On that day he found her ^ xhi< muft i^rohably h.^vc been onlv fomc 

/wealing very profufely ; r.nd being unwil- 4irc«iiion: to Uis execators, ashis will isUatcd 

Hi'g to check this by uncpvering her arm, ^*i [a ijtj, 

^fiffal l^s l^wd louder Uie bedodoaths to ice| ' j^^\ 



Wjgi^l RfviiW rf Niw PtAllcMtitm* 157 

3er), and thercfose capable of doing as infulc from the prifonert in any of the 

nwch harm- as good. gaols he vificcd. A fiied principle of 

The refuh of his oWfervatioDS in this relic^ious duty influenced hit whole coo* 

concluding tour was to have been pub- duA. *< For my own part," fays Dr. 

liflied under the infpcftion of Dr. Price ; A» " I am not able to difcover in whae 

on whofe death that bufioefs devolved *' thofe notions of providence, genet al 

folely 00 Dr. A.: and we are led to pre- <' and panicular, which make part of 

fume it is, or will be, executrd, as a ** the profefliuns of all religions, differ 

genertil idea is given of thac fupplement. <* eflentially from the opinions of the 

Dr. A^ concludes his narrative with a " predeOinarians ; and, from manifold 
dilated chara^er of his hero, reprefent* '* obfervations, I am ccitain that the re-* 
ing him as a man of extraordinary vigour " ctptiun of the dp6trine of prcdcOina- 
aad energy in all his movements and ex* ^* tion as an article of belief docs noc 
preflionf, lively, pcnctracint; eyes, quick '* neceflaiily imply thofe pra£lical con- 
gait, animated geftures, application not '< fetjuences which might (eero deducible 
CO be infl<ienced by curioiicy, or any ** from it. The language, at leafl, 06 
ether aficf^ion. What others call £«- " our lower clallrs of people is almoft 
tbufiafm^ Dr. A, from the coolntfs of its ** univerfally founded on it; , but when 
progrefs, chtMfes rather to call P^r/ar^/9- ^ one of them dies of an infe£lious dif** 
rin^s, the effc£t of resolution and fortt- *' temper, notwithftanding the byftanders 
tude. The fpirit of independence; found- " all fpeak of the event as fated and in* 
ed on modtrAti tUfins and fe*w •wantj, '* evitable, yet each, for him felf, does ooc 
led him, even when in a fituation to ex- <* the lefs avoid the infe£lion, or the lefs 
pe£t a family, to make a rule with himfelf *' recur to medical aid if attacked. Ouc 
to lay up no part of his annual income, ** medical profcirors, fcrr the moft part, 
«s he had the bed^grounclcd cxpeflations *' ufe no precaution againft contagion, 
that his children would largely partake ** Mr. H. did ufe fome." Such wab hia 
of the wealth of their relations. No veneration fur vital religion, that he was 
human body was probably more the fer« as ready to pay it homage when he found 
vent of the mind by which it is actuated; it in the habit of a mcttk ati under the 
and all the etfoits of the ftrongell conOi- garb of a ttccber. He lamented the 
lution, not inured to habits of felf-de- hady* diifolution of religious houfcs io 
liial, and moral as well as corporal exer- Germany. The attention of certain or- 
cife, would have been unequal to his ders to the relief of diflrefs feemtd tn 
exertions. His uoderllanding was alike conciliate his good-will to the whole 
))appily adapted to the great bufinefs he fraternity. " His firm attachment to 
engaged in. He had not, in a high de- '* principle, high lenfe of honour, pure 
£ree, that facility of generalizing, which <' benevolence, unfhaken conAancy, and 
;s faid to diflinguifh the man or genius. " indefatigable perfcvcrance, may pro* 
He was rather a man of detail, laborious '* pcrly be hcUl up to tlie view ot all 
accuracy, and minute examination. He « pcrlons occupying important flaiions» 
yras a friend to iubordination, and all ** or engaged m ufcful entcrprizes, aa 
the decorums of regular fociecy I nor did *< qualuics n< t IcT to be imitated thaa 
^ didike vigorous cxcrnons of civil « admired }" p. 243. 
authority dirc£lcd to ia)i<l<ible purpulcs. 

He vva5> content to take fyliems of fove- 31. The CrwnhUr; cm'ain'tng Sixteen FJfayu 

leigmv as he found them cOaDlifhcc) in ^//»^/<z/« Fiancis Grate, f/*^. 

▼aiious p^rts of the world, faiiUkd with «* Tilbbb <.iia\s were addiellcd to the 

promising fuch an application of their " edit >i ol a j^eiicKJical paper, an lotimaie 

powers as Hiight proruote the welfare of «* fiand of the writer, and form only t 

the refptdiivc comnanitics. He was *• (ir.ali pait of a work for wi-icli ihe 

principally attached to the popular pat "original author had been coll«:c-tm< 

fA our contiitution j and in iiis own «• and piepanng materials tor tevcral 

/country diftinguilhcd (inifclf by a Ipi " vcais the progrcls of which was ful- 

rited oppoJirion to aiirtociatica» i .flu- *• pciided by his entire attention being 

ence. His. (bync<si and re civr. \'cic not <• drvocu to purfuits of greater in'crelt 

;iuvcr'e to the proiecuti n of l.h gr at •• » xi importance, anil il»e coinpUiion 

woiK. He hail a iiigb dcgicc (>r icf\c£l- «• tina.lv pievenied by hi^ c.c?ith." li.c 

ful ttcntion to tiK Uniac Ix; and, c'lcdt wl his more inicrellir^i.ngir;iincijrs 

/nuch ii^ l.c abhoriLcl l\c\) iUi,i H'o's c»r, ibrfn plealant hut uirjujlliti tli4V8 

|i)d ii&eu'.iou^i he ucvtr tnct \yith a fm^ifc v^id calily be perceive J, 

31 .'/r-if- 



MS^ ilevlew of Ntw PubHcatlonSm \VA. 

3^ A nnJicatlM cf ibeUfe ^ ^tgflU the which reafon, and as the foiiering party is 

ProcLdce of the Weft India IflamU, often fufpe^ed of an unfair attack upon the 

THE author, a medical gentleman, pa^ions, the tr^nflator hasfubK-ned, in tho 

endeavours to reaify the miftakco and Apixaidix, a great part of the fpccch of M. 

iiaftv conclufion drawn bv fomc ptifons »««»*»"*>» the prefent mannc mmifter ef 

Avho have airumcd ihe name of ifJ^yiir. l?^^:JT'^t J^/"*''^f ' ^' """^^ 

, . f , I L '' r prclunied that be could .neither want t!ic 

xbaritii, many of rhtm as much becaufc Information nor a patriotic wiOi to diredl 

the extravagant lengths to which the ap- t,,^ attention of his fellow-citizens to tU true 

phcation of the Icvchng principle has /cirrrr of this national calamity. 

•been camel «j France, and we may «t ^t once to cxeitc the corapafTionatc 

ioon perhaps feel among ourfclvcs too, attention of the publick to tli« fufferings of 

lias almofl put fugar out of the reach of our neighbours, and to warn the Britilh na- 

their pockets, as irom principles of true tion agairiA fimilar min, originating in like 

humanity. principles and pnw5ticc5, is the object of the 

prefent publication. Though touched by the 

S3. M Allrefi tt Her Royal Vii^hftefs th contagion, our vital parts, it is to be hoped, 

DucLfof Yoi\i,agiih:Jl tie uje of Sugar, are yet found; but, ** iL>lcn our ncighhour^t 

txrr> A ^ t j-ci tr ** ^I^ " «« furCy it Can never be amiji to tluy a 

^ ^P.?.° °°' P"^*!"™^ ^^ ^*^*'* ^° ?''^ " iittie ^.cur\wn- Preface. 
Hoyal Highncls ; but we venture, to fay, 

€ifr is not ignorant of the commerciil 36. ji Grammar of the Greek Language^ ori^ 

intereftb of a country which ha^ ihcwed ,gmally empofed for the Collrge-fcbool at 

lo much pamaliiy to her. Gloucfcfler: in ivht.-b it ba\ been the Edi* 

tir's Pe/rgn to rr;e& wbatf in the ntofi im' 

•^/I^TbeTriumpbi of lieafofty exemplified in Seven proved Editions of Cimbden, is redundant i 

Tales, affcdiomitely dedicated to the juverdle tofupply xnLit is defiienf; to reduce to Order 

Part oftbe Fair Sex. xohat is intricntc and cotfufed\ and to confrgn 

' THESK iitcle talcs are written by a to an y^pp.-ndixiohat is mt tequifite tobe gst 
lady of confidcrable endowments of mind h ^'''^[' ^^»<^ Edition, improved, 
4nd accompliflnnent of education. Thofc ^N deference to the gcncrdl fcntimcnts 
who know , her intimately believe Ivcr of an enlightened age, no longer fliackled 
. fole view in publiihing them to he that in the tramirich of fcholaflic pedantry, 
of promoting the caufc of Truth and this valuable fntroduflion to Greek lite- 
Virtue. We fincerely hope that it will rature is wiitten in the vernacular lac- 
>nfwer her laudab'c intentions; and arc p^^gc of the country tor whole Icrvicc ic 
pleafcd to fee the book has airivcd at a J intended. Its avowed defjgn is, an 
fecood edition. improvement upon the Eton grammar, 

and that now u(cd at W'ncheOcr, in the 

35. A particular Account nf the Commencement manntr narcd in the title. Upon cxa- 

and Proftefi of ihe JnfurreSficn of the Srgroei min«itl()ii, wc had the Uri>f4£lion to find 

in St. Dt)mingo, iLhih begun in Au;uft, llic prctcnfions of the fiift paj;c and the 

i-jmi biivg a Trtiti/h.^i'i't of tU Spreih m^de picfacc not only jullihc") in everv part, 

/'. the AationJ y^Jjemb/y, the ^d 'if Novem- but even conflJcialnv fa: ling fboit of ihc 

her, 1 79 1, by the Deputies fr^.m the General rca! merit of the work. It is diQinguifll- 

yijfnrbly ou the French tart of St, Do- cd by fimpUcity. p(;;ipi:uitv, and clc 

nungo. (Sec p. it-^^.ic^.) ^^^^^ ^^^ (nc.liod. The t^ilci are printed 

" THE tnwn^torofthe following papers, ]„ the m.u.nti of ihofc inthcEron grim- 

rcUtive to the difaftcrs of St. Lk)mmgo, ^,^^ ^^^ ,„ » i,r^,r lypc, vvKh num-- 

c.rneAly iea>mmends their attentive perulal ^^^^ ad.Utions, an.l. in all refpea., wuh 

to e.ery thinking, d.f,^.irimute very great improvement. Tlw body of 

J hry arc faithnil tranrcnpL<; of .-authentic re- , ■' '^ ■ , ^ t 

cords; .ind, however queftioned by Uiofe ^»»; K'^"^'^*^ is. ,n many place:., much 

who have an intcreft in difcred.ting tl»em, '^»»r^;''*^f^^ notw.rhlUnding the very 

have too melancl:oly a foundation in no^o- confidcraMe accdlicn of new matter. 

rioi»s f.i<fts. The principal piece is a literal i l>c omilTion or luch rules of fyniax as 

■tranflation ; the extracts arc no v^herc falfi- «»■« comtnon to the conrtru6Vi.'n both o£ 

ficd by the prn of Exaggeration or of Difin- Greti; and Latin has partly contributed 

l^enuity, as will np pear on com par ifon with -t*> this icilu£lion. In the tranfpofition 

the t)riginal piccc^. The popular talents of of lu'.cs ar;d remark' to their rc<pc6tivc 

M. }5rilfot, and trfher leaders of the National proptr fuuations \i may l>oall a vcrv fu- 

Air^mk^ly, eminently diftinguilh^d among pciicr excellence. The appendix, primed 

the Wwac/ff AWn, have fcarcely afforded to in a Imall typ:, is replete with curious 

i!ie arjiumtnts and evidence of the trt. Do- ^nd iotcrclUng loformation, even to the 

niui^.i depiUies ail rnipartol Iw^ingi for more advanced proficient : and the tables 

of 



^ dialers are veiy elaborate^ and in a 
fonn much more uieful than any hitherto 
exhibited. 

37, The Iliad and OdyJ^y </ Homer, traT^Mtd 
into Blank Vei'fe^ by ^V. Cowpcr. 
(Continued fnm f,. ^$-J 
"WE before remarked that Mr. Cow- 
per *\vas generally happy in transfufinsj 
the beauties of Homer's fimiles. The 
fsUoivin^ paifage is exquifiiely rendered. 
Book XiV. line 19 : 
•• As when the wide fea, darkened over all 
Its filent flood, forebodes Ihrill \*'inds to blow. 
The doubtful waves roll yet to neiilier fide, 
Till fwcpt at length by adecififc gale," &c; 

The tranfiator's too minute attention 
to epithets often involves him in caco- 
phony, and in expretlions difs^ufting to 
the Englilb idiom and a correct ear, 

" By fpcars doable-edged 
Sknitteny and by the fword their corflets 
rang** — 

We mark fome heavy and profaic 
fines from 95 to 130. 

Line 162. Etfoctfuo^ is but feebly and 
inipcrfc£lly remlered by '* Shaker of the 
*• fliores." Pope's vcriion is flill more 
defe^live at this palTage. 

The defcriprjon of Juno attiring ber- 
felf to deceive Jupiter 1$ highlv animated 
and poetical. The zone of Venus mud 
BOt Ik oniitted r 



Ibvtm •f Niw PukSeaiipm. fS9> 

In the XVih book Mr. Cowpcr ufei 
«*rempeft** as a verb, on the authority of 
Milton; but the circumftanres are nor 
parallel. The following (imUe is hap«^ 
ptly rendered s 
" As fome ftall'd horfe, high pamper*d^ 

fiiapping fhort 
His cdhl, beats under foot the foundinjf foiV 
Accuftom'd in fmooth-flidiiig ftreamstolav* 
fixtfkiiig, high he bears his head, his maiie 
Wantons around his (houlder:*; pleas'd be- 

cyes 
His gloffy fides, and, borne on pliant knees. 
Soon fiiKls the haunts wliere all hi9 fellows 

graze" 

The iollowing line is a flrange one r 
** hk a^le joints 
P//-^J light V— 

Line 445. 

" As on the fhore 
Some wanton boy with fund builds plaything; 

walls. 
Then fportive fpreads them with his feei 
abt'oad**— " \ 

Line 457 1 

" Corn'Cidd Argos— 
Argos fertile in com" — 

In this book the tranflator apologifc* 
for fometimes turning brafs into flcel, to^ 
avoid cacophony--; we wifli this idea haci 
occurred to h»m in fome other paffages- 
alfo. This book mufl have been ^tr^ 
difficult to execute; hut Mr. Cowpef. 
difcovcrs thioughout a very careful at- 



*♦ So faying, the cindlure from her breaftfho tention to the yr'j^inal, whofe energy h«r 



loos'd 

Brobroidered, various, her aM -charming zone. 
It was an ambuih of fweet fnares, replete 
With love, tie fire, foft intcrcourfe of hearts, 
And mnfick of refiftlcfs whifpered founds, 
That from the wifclt Ileal their heft refolves. 
She placed ii in licr hands^ and thus fhe 

faid"— 

Neither can we refifl our inclination to 
infert Pope's verfion : 

*« She from her fragrant breaA the lone 
unbrac'd, [grac'd ; 

"With various Ikill and high embroidery 
In this was every ai t and every charm 
To win the uifell, nnd the coldefl warm : 
Bend love, the gentle vow, the gay defire. 
The kind deceit, the Aill reviving fire, 
Berfuafive fpeech, aivd more perfuafive fighs. 
Silence that fpoke, and eloquence of eyes— 
This on her hand the Cyprian Goddefs laid ; 



has evc?y where communicarcd. He 
fcems, however, more to have expanded 
himfclf, for the original ccnfifls ot no- 
more than 746 lines, Mr. Cowper'g ot 

903* 

In bo<.k XVII. the following linee- 
arc very beautiful : 

" His ringlet?!, wound abont 
With twine of gold and fiivcr, fwcpt the dcfb 
As the luxuriaiK olive by a fwain 
Reared in fome folitude, where rills abound. 
Puts forth her buJs, and, fann'd by genial airs 
On all fidrs, hangs her houghs with whittiV 

flowtfr?, 
But by a fudden whi'-hvind from its trench 
Uptorn, it lies extem'ed on the field"— 

The ccieora'ed txclaniation of AjiXp. 
when figli:ing ^or the body ot Patrocius, 
is thu<^ lenucrcd : 



Take this, and with it all thy with, fhe «* Failierof lisavennndeirih? deliver thou 



laid--. 

The whole of this epifode is rendered 
with exquifite tafle and elegance. The 
defcnption of the fcene in which Jupiter 
and Juno repole greatly refembles the 
nuptial bower of ouc nrft ft^cats» in 
JtfUcoo^.booklV. 



Achaia's hoft from darkiicfs ; clear the fkics. 
Give day, and, fmce thy fovereign v^-iil isfucli, 
Deltru6tionavii!i it— but oh t^iveusday" — 

The iniffcftual efforts of the T.ojans 
to difturb the Aj.ces, when carr.irjj 
away the body of ti^eir fricod, is thus 
ijicellcutlv leodcicd : 



lio 



Rtalgw if Ntw PuhUcatitHs* 



CFcR 



''As a mound 
Planted with trees, and ftretoh'd acrofs the 

mead, 
Kepels an overflow, the torrents loud 
Baffling, if fends them far away to float 
The level land, nor can Uiey«with the force 
Of aUtl)«ir waters, burft a paflage tbrongh/^ 

In this book', alfo, Mr. Cowper fccms 
to have diltred conHderably ; the origi- 
nal is in 761 lines; Mr. Cowper's ver- 
fionin 921. 

In the XVIIIth book the eflTea of the 
Ihout of Achilles is very fineiy repre- 
fcnted : 

^ Thrice o*er the trench Achilles fent his 

voice 
Sonorous, and confufion at the found 
Thrice feiz'd the Trojans, and their fam'd 

aUies." 

Line 371 : 

** Let hill) caft 
His golden heaps into the public wuiti;*'— ^ 

a mod vulgar expreilion; nor is its 
meaning here very per(picuous« 

Again, 1. 377 s 

<' f (hdll not for his fake 
Avoid the *deep-ton'd battle, but will firm 
Oppofe his utRioft." 

♦« Oppofe his utmoft**— whst } we re* 
colleCb no exatnple of *'utinofl" thus 
ufed. 

Line 494 : *' Nia trinkets'*— ^«iJ«X» 

woXXeCf 

Line 543 : ** Upran to manhood"— 
may be objefled to, as too literal. 

Line 577! *' Couragir* for "take 
** courage," fecms hardly confident with 
the dignity of heroic verfe. 

The defer iption of the fliield of 
Achilles is given with gieat (kill and 
elegance. 

Book XIX. The emotions of Achilles 
on beholding his new armour are ad- 
mirably cxprelfed : 

** So faying, ihe plac'd his armour on the 
gronnd [rang. 

Before him, and the whole l^ght treafure 
A tremor ihook the myrmidons, none dared 
Look on it, but all fled. Not fo himfelf : 
In him fielh vengeance kindled at the view{ 
And while he gazed, a fplendour, as of fire, 
Flalh*d from his eyes; delighted, in his hand 
He held the glorious bounty of the God, 
And, wondering at thefe Itrokes of art divine. 
His eager fpeech thus to his mother tum*d'*— 

This feems to prefent a line fubjeft 
for an hiflorical painting; the myrmi- 
dons receding, fome looking back from 
curiofity, the tents, the (hips, the tender 
coBOcrn of Thetis^ and the heroic ardooc 



of Achilles, rhe prmdpal figure, with* 
the arms lying on the ground before 
him, is as happy a combination as an 
artill could defirc. 

(T9 bt c$ntiHueJ,J 

3d. Alciphron's JF/^/rj. 

ALCIPHRON has met with v|rious 
fate. His£piftles have, by fome cnticks, 
been admired and extolled j bv others de- 
preciated unreafonably. Of himfelf no- 
thing is known with certainty ; the very 
age in which he lived has never been 
well afcertained ; nor even the queflion, 
which is mod important, relating to it, 
whether he could have been a copier of 
Lucian, of a mode) to him ? 

The Bpidles were fird publiihed at 

Rome, in 1499, in a large colle^ion, 

matle by Aldus Manutius, intituled, 

EpiftoU divtr/onim Fbitofopborttm. A* 

mung thefe, were only 44 by Alciphron* 

The fame colledioi^, with a Latin ver- 

(ion, was reprinted, in folio, at Geneva/ 

in 1606. In the Imperial Library ac 

Vienna, and in the Vatican, 72 more 

Epidles of Alciphroo were afterwards 

difcovered, which were fird publiihed by 

Berglcr, at Leipfic, in 171 5. It is not 

certain that there are not yet more of 

them unpublilhed among the MSS. in 

the French King's library. I^erelius, z 

German critick, after publifhin^ feverat 

emendations of Alciphron, in Koltzius » 

A^a Literaria gave a German trandatiog' 

of the whole, in 1768; and in 1785 ir 

French trandation, in three volumes,- 

appeared at Paris^ with many notes, and 

fome diifertatioos. Alciphron now ap^* 

pears at length, in an Engiidi drefs, and^ 

not without (ome graces and advantages ; 

though it might perhaps be wiOied, that 

in a woik To intimately connc£^ed with 

the public and private cudoms of antient 

Greece, and particularly the latter, fomt 

greater extent had been given to the 

notes. 

When Bergler's edition was publiihed, 
many commendations, both of the author 
and editor, were given in the journals of 
the times ; but the Jefuits, who conduct- 
ed that of Ti^voux, taking alarm at 
fome paifages, cried them down violent- 
ly, as containing nothing thar could tend 
to improvement, and many things inju* 
nous to morals. In the former part 6£ 
their alTertion they were far from the 
truth. The hidorical allufions, particu- 
larly in the letters of the fecond book^ 
are intereding and ufeful ; the palfaget 
that had any tendency to licentiouinefsr 
Lave becA omitted by the finglifli tranf* 



t792.} JUmnv 9f Nifw PuhKcaihns. t6i 

lacort t and tbefe, confideriDg vvho the << enthufiafts, or InfideH or old men, or 

Aippoicd writers were, are very few ia« '* young ones, or fervants. Of thefe 

deed. Alciphron treats of the ccurtcrans " they, mav hear indeed^ but they ihall 

with much more delicacy than Lucian. *' never fee Menander, unlefs iKcy are 

The letter from Mcnanicr to Glycera, " in the fame citv with Glycera. They 

(Ml the propofal made to that poet by « ihall never, I fay^ fee Menander^ 

Ptolemy, of going to retide in Egypt, " without feeing at the fame time my 

are models of tendernefs and elegance; <<happincfs) Menander, whofe name is 

and introduce the reader very delightfully *' every where known, but whofe perfon 

to a view of the private life of that great " is day and night fixed at my fide;" 

poet. Menander, courted by a king with cxccptid^ the rhetorical flourifh of per- 

offtrs of great maeci6cence, determines fonifyinjf the cliffs, &c. indead of the 

not to leave his Glycera for grandeur t people mhabiting chofe regions ; this 

and Glycera, high m reputation for her alfo is paflionate, and well conceived* 

charms at Athens, is ready to accompany From Athenseus we learn, however, 

her lover into Egypt, and overjoyed a( the that the poet was not always perfectly 

honours^ that are off*ered to his ^nius. eood-humoured to his Glycera, though 

^* To fet fail," fays Menander, m the flie iincerely loved him, and managed his 

tramflation before us, " and depart for humours with addrcfs, wit, and pleafant 

'' Egypt, a kingdom fo far removed from manners. 

*' us, by the twelve great Gods ! never The merit of Alciphron's Epiftlescer- 

'* entered into my tnou|;hts $ nay, if tainly confjfls chiefly to a modem reader 

*< Egypt was iituared in ^gina, near as in the natural and eafy reprefentation ol 

** that is to us, I would not even then ancient manners, and in a cenain (impli* 

*' (facrificing the kingdom which I enjoy city, which is among the principal argu» 

** in your love) be a wanderer amidft ments for fuppoiing the author more an- 

** Egyptian multitudes, id a place which cient than Lucian. The chief additional 

** would be to me, without my Glycera^ proofs found within the letters them* 

^* a populous defert. With more plea- lelves are in the loth of the ^d book, and 

" fure, and more fafety, I court your the 55th of the fame, the fubje6t$ of 

^* favour than that of Satraps and of which are the fame as two dialogues of 

^ Kings. Befides, the lofs ot liberty is Lucian, the Dream, and the Lapiths, 

** the tofs o( fecurity ; flattery is defpica- but treated in a manner fo much more 

** ble ; and Fortune, though m fmiles, is iiraple as to amount almoft to a proof 

'* not to be trufted 1" p. 115. He pre- that ihey contain the original fl^etch of 

fently after declares, he would rather be the idea, which was afterwards enlarged 

crowned with ivy in the theatre, in the upon by the writer of the dialogues, 

prefence of Glycera, than wear the dia- The letters confifl of three clades 2 

dem of Ptolemy. His love for liberty thofe that defcribe rural life under the 

then breaks out afrcfli : "in what pare perfonages of Bfliermtn and ruflics $ thofe 

^ of Egypt fliall I fee the people afTem- that reprefent the corruptions of the city^ 

"i>led and giving their votes? where written in the charafter of parafites, with 

** ihiU I behold a multitude enjoying the names evidently feigned ; and thofe of the 

" fvveets of liberty ? where fiiall I look courtefans. The French tranflator has 

** for the difpenfers of judice crowned arranged them according to this divifion, 

" with ivy ? ihe facred area ? the choice and thus has been enabled to bring toge* 

** of magiQrces ? the libations ? thecera- the r epi files that illuflrate one another. 

** miens ? the foj;um ? the feat of judge- Should the Engliih trandation arrive at m 

'* ment V* This is chara61eri{lic and fecond edition, we fliould wifli to fee thii 

wslL Glycera writes in reply: "Ire- improved art angcment adopted; that in 

^* joicedy Menander, that not only thy the Greek edition which our tranflatocs 

" Glycera loves thee, but that kings of have followed, being pcrfe6l)y cafual 

^ remote regions love thee alfo ; that and confufed. 
" fame has carried your virtues bevond 

•• the f«as } and Egypt, and the Nile, 39. yi brief Examination into the Inireafe rf 

•* and the promontoiies of Proteus, and Rtvenue, Commerce, and Navigation, of 

*« the Pharian cliffs, are all raifed in ex- Great Britain, ^ro. 

** pedatioo and defire of feeing my Menan* THE auihor attributes the profperity 

•* dcr ; of hearing the fentimcnts of every of the Britifh empire to tie following atts 

** chara^cr he exhibits on the ftage, of Mr. Pitt's adminiHiation: 

^* whether they be ^ifen, or lovers^ flU Sii^uggliog it\. 

Gent. Mao. Fibruarj^ i79t« Com- 



192 RiviiW •/ NiW PuUitatiiMS. — Literary InUHlgence. [FcK 



Coromutition aft. ' 

Manifeft aa. 

Coafolidation of the cuftoms. 

Loweriog the duties od fpiritf* 

Cxcifing tobacco and wtoe. 

Farmiog the poft-borfe tax. 

And concludes by (hewing that the 
annual revenue hat tocreared m the ^pce 
of eight years oetr four millions flex- 
ling ! 

In the fame period, 

Confols have tncreafed 43 per cent. 

loiportSy 5,805.000!. 

Exports, 5.379 oool. 

Number of Bikiihibips inwaid 4*604. 

Number outward 5»453* 

The above it the iucreafe of the year 
1791, compared wiih the year 1783 ! 

40. Gener»/ity, 

" THIS b<M»k it full of inctdenty dan* 
jgerst and dtftrelTes. — It is agreeably 
Written 1 but rather too complicated and 
perplexed. — it will not, by any mcant^ 
dif|;race the publiflier's prefs. 

41. Tie CarpiHttri Datfghtef, 

THIS fniguUr little produAion hat 
a peculiarity of ftyle which marks ge- 
nius and an eventful variety, pleafingly 
ratculated to keep the attention of the 
reader awake.— -There are fome of its 
chara^e^ fo drawn as to exhibit a de* 
iightful pi6ture of the human heart, at 
iniuenced by the bed and moft amiable 
of the pafTions — There are other pic- 
tures judiciouilv placed in contraft, from 
whi^h a benevolent mind turns with con* 
cern, approaching to difguft.— -It is a 
novel much above mediociitv, and will 
both entertain and inform the clafs of 
readers for whom it is intended.— The 
corrector of the prefs has been feemingly 
negligent i the errors are very numerous 
indeed.— A table of eriata u given^ 
Vfhich might have been trebled. 

41. Tt€ Butter^ Hiary. 

THERE are many books in this fpe- 
cics of writing, which, having read, we 
find ourfclves entirely at a lofs what len- 
ience to infli6t. — We lee a number of paf- 
'fagcs which denote the wiitcr's fenlibility \ . 
and as many on the uppofiic fide, which 
offend us, from inatteution, or the want 
of fuitable inforrndtion,— The book be* 
lure us IS of this dcfcription.— There is 
much to commend, and much to cen- 
/ure. It will certainly d^Q no injury to 

mor.^ls, and will doubtltfs have us poc- 

rjodj of admircrim 



43. The Dffcrtftian and Chara£fers of tie <£/- 
fertnt Difrofei of the humaM Body. To tvlub- 
is nddedf ch Arrangement of the Medicines 
and Preparations in the London Pharmaco- 
faeiaf accordintr to their refpe^ve Virtun^ 
being tb9 firfi Vtlitme of the Frankliniaii /«• 
frwement of MeMciney or an Attanpt^ ac 
cording to Dr, FraOklia's Predi&iom, to ejltf 
blijh the Means cf remdering Sichtcfs and Dif" 
eafe lefs injtfrious, dangcrouSf and fatal f to 
Hra/tOf and thus if cuifing oid Jlge to he 
again natural to Man, By George Edwards, 
i'/y. Af./>. Antbvr of** The Aggrofldifemcnt 
•« < Great Britain,'* " The National Perfec 
*' tiw ff Finance^** ** The Royal Regemratiofi 
« 0^ Great Britain," and** The Difwery cf 
" the Eighteenth Centwryr 

THIS is announced by the author as 
the commencement of bis grand fcheme 
of a general reformation in the three 
great branches of hunaanity, as he calls 
them» agriculture^ OKntal civiliiatioa^ 
and the fcience of phyfic. But for a 
compleat delineation of his plan for the 
improvement of medicine, we muft wait 
the publication of the fecond part of this 
work, the Do£lor's ** time not afToi ding 
'' him an opportunity of offering that 
'' elaborate, miaute, and adequate, ex- 
** planatioD he intended." We fliallj 
therefore, decline entering into a parti- 
cular examination of thi^, until we have 
the whole fcheme before us ; and for 
the prcfent content ourfelves with wilh- 
ing the author that (uccefs which his 
xeal and philanthropy fo evidently en- 
title him to. 

LITER AR Y INTELLIGENCE. 

London. The African Aflbciation 
has received advices from Mr. Hod^c-s 
which promifc important difcoverics^ 
In them he gives a ihort account of a 
city celled Htsffay which is Htuated about 
an hundred miles South-eafl of Tom- 
bouftou, and is fo large, that it may be 
compared with London or Caiio. ?vlr. 
de la Lande feems inclined to t{iink, 
that this is the city of Tombut, capital 
of the kingdom of the fame name, 
which mod modem geographers appear 
to have confounded with Tombou^ou. 

Vemce. Letter at ur a dei Numidi, 
^C'^An EJay on the Liiiralurt of Nu- 
midia. By Abbe Torres.— -As Abb6 
Andres, 10 his Hiilory of Literature, 
had touched but ilightly on that of A- 
frica, Abbe T. has publiihed this eifay 
by way of fupplying his de^ciencies. 
The pains he has taken, in exploring 
the literature ol a nation deemed almott 
uncu.iivated) dcierve much praife. 
£/cfli4rt4ii Letter, di K«ma. 



179^-] Literary IntiUigefUi. — Index Indicatorius, 



163 



BiticiXGHAM. Wc are bappy to 
inform our readers, that Mr. Bolton bat 
fucceeded in his application of the 
f)eam -engine to coining. The efFefls of 
bis machine are Aich as to produce a 
beautiful impreHion, ndt iroirable per- 
/haps by any other means ; and, though 
a confiderable faving will accrue from 
its ufe, the difficulty of its conftruftion^ 
which is too jfeat for a common artilt, 
and its expennVenefs, Tcndfr it impio- 
bable that it'^oold ever be employed by 
thofe who counterfeit coin. Its adran- 
stages over the common machines are 
various. It works much mor^quickly : 
it cuts out the blanks: it Damps the 
milling, the face, and the reverfe of 
the piece, at once : the ground rtceives 
a fiiie polifli from its preflure alone : all 
•the pieces are e«a£tly of the fame dia- 
4neter: its force may be regulated in an 
inflant, and continues invariably the 
fame: it may be worked by boys, and 
its ufe requires no praftjcc. Mr. Duu, 
who has allifted in improving this in- 
vention, has already begun to ufe the 
machine in making coins for the £a(l 
4ndia Company. 

Heyne is preparing aoew edition of 
JEiomer. 

Ruhnkenius, who has obtained de- 
fervcU eminence by his edition of tiie 
Hjmn to Ctr€j, and yet g4-eater from his 
judicious Commentaries on the VVorkv 
4)f Muretur., is about to pubhfh lome 
Scbolia on Plato. 

Schutz is in great forwardntfs vviih an 
additional volun^.c of 4CfchyIus. 

Griefbach is really dead; but the fe- 
<ond edit on of his Greek Teftamcnt is 
in good hands, and will^ ere long, be 
publiflied. 

The Book of Common Prayer has 
been printed at ihe Didot prcfs in Pa Ris, 
in imitation of our Balkerville. 

The Flench tranOaiion of Athenxus 
yec remains un6n:fhcd; twelve liviailons 
4>nly arc printed. 

INDEX 1NDICATORI17S. 

ACoRRFspoNDrNT defircs we will pro- 
pax9 him information who preachetl a fer- 
mon, lie believes a vifitation one, to tlie 
clergy in tl.e cliurch of St. M.nitin's Stamf<a\l 
liaron, on Monilay, Au^nft 3, 17B9, and 
wbethei it has been, i,x will he, (ninteii:*- 
slkh^ wlictlicr Dr. Cei row's fcrmon before 
tbe Univeri'uy of Oxford, on Sunday, Jon. 
15, 1792, m:iy ^e exi>e<fttnl to be publiilied. 
rie will be miich gratified by tiie perufal of 
f befe two tlifcourfes. 

He cannot think it w^ould be unworthy 



this country to beftow a fmall ^im m re> 
pairing the mQnumeiU eredled by one of his 
4ioble anceftors about ico years ago, in me- 
moi7 of one of the grcatell Princes iliat ever 
filled the Eoglilh throne. See vol. LXI. 

P- "7.3- 

Our correfpondent Davmonius Or. will 

find the infcription he communicates front 

Taunton caflle in the Hiftory of that town, 

jaft publKhed by Mr. Toulmiu, p. 48. It is 

10 be read 

fiaumsU vTlftfiat 
^ !Lan0ttn CSUotott 

referring it tn 1 i.oiia L;aigcuii, bllhop di 
Winchel\er from 1493 to ; 502, whofe arm«, 
a crofs charged witli five roiT^s under a mitre, 
are between the two lines, and divide the 
dale We fhall at any time gladly i:ifert a 
mwre exa^ (.ic-fimile. 

In nnfwer to R. C; there was no Oda 
performed this year at St. James's. 

Mr. Crocker's letter «h\ Fairy Rings 
woukl long fince have been pnnted, btit tiuc 
we waited for an opportuniiy of exhibiting his 
drawing in a miCcellaneous plate ; which is, 
however, cograving for o«ir next number. 

Onr ^ood friend Mr. Wat a en's valuable 
Di^avir.gs .nrc rscehred ; and fhaU be uled hs 
foon a:> |x>!lible. 

With our feiifible and pleafant correfjpond- 

ent Mt*» -SKATOPOLI/PRACMOM WC 

Should certaiiiiy ** be gKid to be fiii thcr ac- 
<ju;)inred." On the fiihjedl of his letter, we 
can only fay, that we do not prop«fe to priiiE 
any tlJng further on the pl^in for a Juve- 
NALiAN Volume till the month of April.— 
This may Icrvc alfo for an anfwrr to A 
MOKE SA^ouINKFRIeNp. aud to fueti oUier 
correfpoiuleQts as have writtaii Co us on ei- 
ther fxie t^K queAion. 

The many lettoi's we have received on the 
fubje^lof Cromlxchs IhaH be referred for 
M r. P u L w H E L E, uiUcfsjhe 1 efpe^ve wri - 
tersoftlicnn (hal! otherwife diredl us. — Many 
poiiiiei) notice^ are received of D. Hs remark: 
ill uur lall volume, p. 1207; which perhaps 
was too lii'.ftily thrown out, though right in 
tl)e principle, ih^t the Mag.izioe is uot a 
ftorchoufc for m.jteriaU that may be offered 
to Mr. r. though u'c are ever ready to make 
the nticellliry ciKtuiries eithcj: for him or any 
other reii>eclaMti gentleman engaged in li- 
milar refeurchcs. 

The Silver Heart dcfcribcd by F. E. hears 
no relatit n to King Charles. This gentlemaa 
will conip.ire real quantity and prirc 

The memoirs and poruait of FrofefTtMr. 
Ml CHAP. Lis (hall ;;ppear in oiu* iiexr { 
witii An oLt> vJo}'.RE«?oNiiENr <ui .5t. 
CvTHa CRT's Beads; J* H~n'5 dci'o^^- 
tion of CuLwoRTH ; Mr. Ghavsm aws uii 

petrified bones; M s on liouiiow; 

Sir JttSkfK Ma« bky's Contitiu.itioii of tlie 
Account oC CooKi. \.^ V«\\ ^J.v:-.\ VVifc 
IQ FouiU^e \ St 10 u^ % \ lu^' ^v.. Il>^ 



|C'4 ^'^^^ Pcurjt Aneiint and Modern^ for February, 1792* 



Mr. UtBAw/ FamBamt Feb. ii. 

YOU herewith receive, for your infer- 
(ion, a letter from the late truly pious 
and Right Reverend the Lord Bilhop of 
Norwich to his friend the late Rev. George 
WatfoD ; 00 the authenticity whereof you 
need not difpute, as it was prqfented to my 
fekher by the late worthy Daniel Eyre, efq. 
of this place, hrother to Cliarles Eyre, efq. 
the prefent king's printer, who lived in con- 
<|lant terms of friendly intercourfc with the 
Bifhopand his twobroihers. The late Bi- 
. i^op himfelf thus fpeaks of the object to 
whom the inclofod was addrefled, in the fol- 
lowing pathetical manner, in his note at the 
end of his Comment on the TQth Pfalm : '' If 
the Reader Ihall have received aiiy pleafure 
from the foregoing Comment, he is^to he im- 
formed, that he Hands indebted to a difcourfe, 
intituled, Cbrift the I igbt cf the IVorU, pub- 
lilhed in the year 1750, by the late Rev. 
George Watfon, for many years the dear 
companion and kind direAor of the Autlior's 
iludies ; in attending to whofe agreeable and 
JhlftruAive convcrtation he has fpent iphole 
days together, and Ihall always have reafon 
to number them among the bell-fpent diiys 
of his life f whofe c^ath he can never think 
of without lamenting it afrefh ; and to whofe 
memory he embraces with pleafure tltis od- 
poituoity to pay the tribute of a gratetul 
bearu" Yours, &c. J. J. 

jt Letttr to the Rev Mr, W ^ 

Dear Sir, 
While nobler themes your ample thoughts 

engage, 
7>eep in the treafures of the Sacred Page, 
Where rhro' the creatures the Creator fecn 
jbeclarcs falvation to the fons of men, 
*l*heir focial rays.where Truth and Mercy join, 
Hope in each word, and life in ev'ry line 1 
For once a youthful Bard's low rhimes excufe, 
Kor trivial drains, when from a friend, refufe : 
In verfe, though dull, fnicerity may ^ow, 
And (trains, tho' tiivial, gratitude can IhofT. 
Long, under erring Cu(lom*s galling cluin, 
In Heathien lore i fearch'd for truth in vain. 
Through wild fantaHic fables lay the way, 
And roonftrbus fyftems, more abfurd tlian 

they. 
At firft th' enchanting fcencsamu^tMthe figlit, 
Struck with the dazzling, but del; lUg, light ; 
But Fancy^ plcafures quickly pallMthe tafle, 
And tierc the weary foul found no repaft. 
- IVifdom 's the food on which the foul rouft 

thrive, » ' 

And wifdom was not theirs, alas ! to give. 
As they no more the pat^ of Nature trod, 
Iioft was th^Fonly way to Nature's God :' 
And from its flock morality disjoin 'd. 
lU ftood the btafling of the wini'ry wind. 
Perples^d, my (tops I knew not where to 

bend; 
Thefe means I faw could lead me to no en4 : 
Tho * groves of weli'fct trees around me grew, 
, JVJjpfe fruit Hfem 'dkursmd lovely to the vi«W} 



Yet, ftarv'd, andhalf abandooMtodefpair^ 
I gaz'd aroond— no Tree of Life vras there. 
For wifdom then to Moderns I apply'dy 
And on Divines and Moral ;ils rely'd. 
But when 1 found (may black ohlivioo veil 
From future time^ the guiUy, horrid tale 1) 
Reafon inthron'd in lleveiaiion's place. 
Dull Meuphyficks fubftittres of Grapo, 
A Saviour's merits. ca(t qegle^tod by. 
And God's bleft Word in tcafolddar)^ne£Blie$ 
The holy tniths in Ibidy'd noafonfe hid. 
The blind apoftate Jew the Chriftian's guide 1 
Again new doubts dtdurVd my iroubled roind| 
Again i wilh'd fome better lielp to find — 
Nor wi(h'd in vain— my wiihesniorethan true. 
My days t^r Ppvidafice are blefs'd with yoo ; 
And firft (ball Bate his gealbe found to feifOy 
Or Tully's eloquence fodike Romaine, 
Ere 1 forget, whi|e life's wsirm tide (ball flow, 
A gratehil heait— 'tis ail I can— to (hew. 
Can words declare what rpal joys wert mioo 
Firft from your lips when flow'd tlie tale di^ 
vine ^ [fore 

When led by yoo through piths imkDown be« 
fSacred for ever be th' aufpidous hour !) $ 
Whilefcarce my felf with wonder and furpri ze^ 
Sudden 1 (aw a new crpatioo n(Se I [quell'd. 
At once my doubts and all my fisars wero 
The cloods of vice and iguonnce dtfpell'd ; 
O'er all my frame I felt the quickening ray^ 
Tnitb broke upon ipe m a flood of day. 
Contending Grace and Nature ceas*d tbdr 

ftrifs. 
And I tranfpoited fiiw and grafp'd at life. 
Still does th* amazipg thougfit poflefs me 
whule^ [fou! 1 

Still, flill, th' unbounded profl^*^ fill* my 
And ttio* I muft refign this ti-anfient breathy 
And pafs the (hadotvy vale of difraal death, 
Yet by a Saviour led, who dy'd to fave. 
And hwtt the confines of the gloomy grave, 
Fix'd on the glorious view in hope 1 go. 
And enter v.nappaird the realms below ; 
To rife, when time (hall ceafe, on joyful wiag. 
And into endlefs blifs exulting fpring^ 
Then, when all worldly knowledge (ball de- 

c^y. [war* 

And Heaven and earth <n flaipes dilTolve •- 
This (halt again in glory be renew'd, 
Ar)'l to eternity with GpJ purfu'd. 
No longer then by' types and emblems (hewp 
Th' effulgence of the ellence (ball be known : 
Inadiation from fh' Eternal Three 
Shall tiien fupport the foul by them fet 
j^left in full'vifion of tlie Deity. 
Fir^d witli thefe thoughts fublime 

refjpain, 

And ardent' wifh to fmg a bolder ftrain : 
To facred themes I long to turn my lays, 
Apd praife his works whp gave h^^ P^'^f^ 

to praife ; ' 
Tell ho^ the pow'rful Fiat matter heard, 
And fnrung to being at lb* Afmigt^ Word i 
Darkoefs tlfiat mantling veil'd theformlefs (xutjii 
How next by {notion did to fpii'it pa(s{ 
^ill, roaring Chaos l.-ibouriug at the birth* 
Q'Ot U»0 VaJ\ VOVCl Tt^\4\»W\\\^ ttiCiGift ?v\^h \ 




Selifl Pciiry^ Jneient and JUhJim, fir February, IJ^U 16$ 



HogiryBUkk by theniyth* expanfioq fonn'il this 

tally . [vernsalL 

I>ifpes*d» compreis'dy contimi*d» «n<l— go-> 

£o through the world when mental dark- 

ne(s retgn'dj [roaiii'dy 

And fcarce a fpark of once- known truth re- 
Firil in the hearts i>f men, by Ood bdov'dy 
With influence fweet the real Spirit mov'd ; 
Che beaveniy breeze refrefh'd the drooping A^^ui fieri Codkis ec pnmQruqi FiCnpl 



MaAefin aniverilBaf 

At l ry ii cgtei pattuw ex t ci-al^ ^ 

jAnf^sas pqui^ omnesy qnocqnot ant Oiiiot 

yirocaUt ant QccideiiBy 

Jus Civiiey Miinki(Ndey panooicmii 

Etofpntiarum Literanim venuA^^ lenipaci^ 

verat 
Theelogiam 



fouly 

And for a nobler change prepared the whole. 
Kor long ere (fov'reign cure of all our woes!) 
With healing in his wings the Light of liiii 

arofe. 
Kature confefs'd the more than mortal handy 
W hile rays benignant ftream'd thro* cv*ry land. 
Jehovah's love was then indeed difplay'd, i 
The promis'd ranfom then was fully paid, V 
And all the vaft expanfe of Mercy fpread I J 

j^ut let me not thefehallow'd truths difgrace^ 
And loftiell themes with humble verfe deface. 
5iibje£h \\\Le tltefe demand a Watfon's fire, 

4Dd pens like his (if fucb be fb^iid^ require, 
is youn Vennow to make Religion charm, 
Th* enraptur'd heart with piety to warm. 
To make mankind your holy tranfportsfl^re, 
And pour in fife at each attentive ear, 
Through thickeft clouds o'erdrawn for dev*- 

liijiends 
9y open foes, or (worfe I) pretended friends. 
The Scriptures in their native light to (hew. 
And prove (difputed point I } that God i$ true. 
And wiiile around you fpread th* enlivening 

jay?. 
And pour fourth Truth*s intolerable blaze, 
Flcafe to I efiedt what I (rom you receive, 
I'll in mynarrowfpherefome glimmering give. 
And prouti, from VVaifun that it came, I il 

heart, 
For (hall your gen'rous labodrs all be lofl. 

G.H. 

Mr. Uf BAN, '^'<^'4"» ^f^- lo. 

•* A N old Correfpttfident" of youishnv- 
^f'\^ inp reuuefteil to (cc in your Repon- 
tory lV»m© account of Biftiop Hooper's monu- 
ment in this cathetlrnl, I have copied the in- 
fcription upon it verbathn \ aiuf, as it is fur- 
ther delired to tiavje fome information re- 
fpeAing this PrcLite's family, 1 have hkewife 
fent you for infertion the copy of an infcrip- 
Cioo on tlie monument next lothe Bifhnp s, 
which will afford informotiim not to be foiind 
in the elegant Latin epitaph beforementioned. 
I have only to ai!d| that there are now living 



le^one, 
C^uafi alias omnesSdentias ignonre i 
Totam penitj^ htu^mCt 
Saniorem band dubie aro^^oiras, . 
Smnmotameo Eruditionis amora fem^por ii^ 

oenfut 

Non ita Studiis fe totora tradidity 

Ut arduis Negotiis impar, 

Aut Homimim ignarbs, 

Aut dificilis incoacinnus afpef 6in|dwfll| 

Inerat enim iUi 

Comitate Aulis Principum dignl^ 

Chrifttana Simplicitat condita| 

fngenium non ad Literas magit 

9^am ad res agendas habile et veriatik, 

Mira in conciliandis fibt Horoinibus Solertiaf 

Sed Animaruro Saluti i^cd intenta 

Ita cum Artes Do6trinafque longe diffiUf 

conjungerety 

Summifque Honoribos par 

Nullum unquam ambiret ; 

Adjtum fibi ad Faroam exiroiam 

Ad primairiof t;|in in Republica, quam Ecv 

cjefia Virot, 

Ad Reginarum denique ptentiflTimanim 

Mari«, et Aanai, Patrociniura 

Virtute fola pateircit; 

Itaquc ab ilia, Decanatu Cantuan«;i(i 

Ab hac, Infula primo Sanft. Aiapheiifi 

Peinde Batlu)no Wellenfi omatus eil^ 

Quo in munere ampliffimo 

Cum Greg i fuo fideliter iqvigilarett 

laopcs occuUo plerumqne Afunificentbe footer 

Seil perenni Ubere late fluenti reficereti 
Frefbyteros fuos Indulgenciapatema Covered 

Impigerrimosquofqueetiam Rurilatentee 
in Lucero et Splendorem oec opinantes ev«* 

caret; 
Bonorum omnium Amorem et Obfervantiam 

nfieniit, 
Foileris Morum Exemplar pulcherrimnM 

reliquit. 

Obiit VI Sepfembris, A D. moccxxtiu 

iEtatis Lxxxvn. 



iwo daughters of the late Mrs. Abigail 
l*n»wfe, one manied to Sir John MorJaunt, 



In hope of n blefled re(urreAion, 
near this place refts the body oC AaioAKy 

daughter 
bart. one oC the Grooms of His MajeHy's of Richard GuTtrotD, gent, and wifeoC 
Bed-chamber, the other to the Rev. Mr. Dr. Gioaox 

&ogers> of iierke]«y. J. Crane, M.D. Hoot ir, late I/ird Biibop of {his dioceliBy 

Wellf Caikfdral. *® "^*^ ^^ y*^» , ^^ had by bun nine 

fo hoc Sacrario cincres fuos requiefcere voluit jjf which two foiw and five daughters, dying 
Reverendus admodum Pracful young were 

Gt^aoius HooFiRus, S.T.P. fHiried^lh^ S^'iX^'^^^^^M^WCtw. m^xjswq^ 



t^. Sika IPuVTf^ JmiiMi ami Miirrn^ fmr February^ I792« 



died SeptembiT Mf I7i6» in the yxft year 

M htragB* 

Near her 

ties the bodf ofRBssccAi ber yemiKeft 

dav^fatery 

wlMi4ied June 4, 1716, in her eift year. 

•AsdoesaUoy 

fStm body of CjiAix.aa GouroaD, gent. 

her hrother, 
evho died ie Afiril, 1707, in the 4id year of 

hit ege. 

AiiOAit PiAwasy Ctfurth danghter, and 

only furfimc 

child of tbe abovefleeotioBed Gsoao By Lond 

Bifllop 
9i BatU and WeUs» and AtuiAiLy his wife, 

hnmbly 
4edicates this nomunenc to the pious me- 
mory of 
lier rood beloved 4uui exoeUeat mother and 

iiftery 

and in gratefol remoofibraoce of tier very 

afleftiwme imdcy io the year of our Lord 

1728. 

Epitaphs h tbg CburebfMrd§f Strat- 
ford •on- Avon. 

£lkanor» wifeof JoHKpoKy I77i»40. 

Siiouldi not each warning ^ive a flroog 
abrm^ 
Warning fiar Lefs than that of bofom torn 
From borom bleeding o'er the facred dead ? 
Should not each dial ftrike us as we pafs ? 

4^ATH FKiMB, wife of John FoxLSYjdaugh- 
ter of John and Eloanor Fox, 1789, 29. 

O, cniel Death ! that would not fpare 
A tender wife, and mother dear, 
Wliofe loft is great to us Ihe left behind, 
put bleft in Heaven we hope again to find. 

&B3i£A> wile of W1LJ.IAM WHSaLlft, 

1789, 23. 
O, cruel death I that enold aot be denied \ 
That brake the bonds of love (6 lately tied 1 
Let us foppofe none e'er repent fo fooA { 
i kNiud it night before I thought it noon. 

The fallowing Elegy on Mr. Jack(bn was 
pccaftooed by his having been engaged to 
/cut the Letter for a projofted edition of 
Hume's Utdory of England, which, he 
ileclared, <* (hould be the mod exquifite 
performance of the kind in this or any 
other country ;" and accordingly he had in 
^ great degree accompliihed his purpofe ; 
but his anxiety and a|)plicaiian were fo 
intcnfe, that his healtli lutfered, and he fcU 
a vidim to the great undertaking. 

TJATRONS of Merit, heave the fadden'd 
A^ , fighl— [eyel— 

le brifluint dew-drops, hang on Beauty's 
Let i.c.A \ hearts beat with the tolling bell, 
Ant! m urn the fatal hour v> her. Jackfon fc!l 1 
•H;> i\ f] e (l)^ gifts the Gods alone impart'^- 
A ffw.'nM^ ^e'a'Ms, Mad A U/rder Atdrf / 



-I 



.A greatne(5, equal'd only by his fkill— 
A fioodnefs, greater than his greatnefs ftill; 
With ardent zeal each purpofe to obtain, 
Whidi rirtue and the j/tt* miglit entertain. 
Sot Fate, in jealuusfiiry, fnatch'd him hence. 
The moment he accompli(h*d excellence, 
Ttnax fropcfitir^\i\s art lie tried— 
Achtev'd PerfeAion — and achieving, died ! 

Wiiilft cUmc tafte his lofsihall loog deplore^ 
Britannia (baU his valued name adore ; 
And view her records in the gay attire 
Of JaclsLfon's Anifii'd art, and Hume's Athe<«^^ 

nian firel 
TTie ^tic Humei — ^whofefpirit,asit flew, 
To kindred genius gave the honour due< 
Vmc Williams caught the mantle whidi 

threw. 
Cbath'd with this garment, noay the (a« 

vourM man 
Complete the learned work the Sage began ; 
Old England's annals all thek- liglit afliune, 
And the new David' (hine a fecwd Hume. 
Then Ihall the tribute of immortal lays 
Wkh the Hiftorian's laurels twine the Arti^'c 

bays. 

Mr. Urban, Tth. 15. 

BEING poflelfed of a copy of verfes bf 
LovELACB, which conta4ns many va- 
riations from that printed in his « Lucafta ;" 
and he having been lately fo jufUy panegy* 
rized in the Gentleman's Magazine, perliaps 
the infertion of them may be agreeable* 
They are prefixed to " The Loves of Clito- 
phon andleucippe: A molt elegant Hiftory, 
written in Greeke by Achilles Tatius ;^and 
now Engliftied. Oxford, printed by Wil- 
liam Tiwner for John Allan, 1638." 8vo, 
J do not know who the iranftitor wts ; biic 
one of the commendatory poems prefixed is ' 
addrelfed to A. H. 

In Mr.Guldone's coUedion of prints, fold 
17S6, Lot 96 contnined " two j^rints of Sir 
Richard Lovelace, by Hollar," which were 
bought by Mr. Thane for il. 12s. Qiixre, 
Was Lovelace tlic poet knighted ? In one of 
the prinu he is reprefcntcd in a fylvan Iceae, 
iiirrounued by beads ; the other is a bult of 
him, ^'ith Lucajla I'ubfcribed: the fame, X 
imagine, for I do not exaclly recoiled, as 
th^t prefixed to " Lucafla, pol^hunie |)oems 
of Richard Lovelace, Efq 1 659," which now 
lies before roe. [See p. 99.J 

In a copy of the drfl volume, 1649, for^ 
meriy belonging to N\'altcr Haite, D D. aur 
thor of the Life of Gudaviis Adolphns, aud 
now in my pofleflion, is written by that gen- 
tleman : *< N. B. Not a few celebrated |)oets 
have uken the hberty to binrow fums 
thought^i from this author, and fomeumes 
the vei7 cxpreilVms." 

In «* Songs and other Poems, by Alex. 
Brorae, Gcui." is a copy of verfes " To Co- 
lonel Lovclaoe on his Poems," not amoug 
thole prefixed to hie Works. 

In Phillips's ^^TUatnpn Poetarmmt* 1675, 

vtasU Mtex 'v& i\^ipv^aiied bi Mr. T. Waiton 



» « 

Seka Piitryf AncUnt and Mkinn^ fir Febmary, 1792. 167 

to have aflTifled bis neplicw in» Lovelace It Thd^ others gam the meed for wliich th«|r 

Very hauHlfomely fpoken of. Seep. 160. toird, [plesweer. 

Yoars, &c. F. W. Tet he a nobler wreath ftiaU roond his lem^ 

TO THE LADIES. B.Junen.n%^ 



FA! RE ones, breathe : awhile lay by 
B^elTed Sidney's Arcady : 
here 's a flory that will nuke 
Toii not re|ient him to forfake $ 
And u'itU your diffolving looke 
Vntie tl)e contents of t^iis bouke ; 
To which nuu£ht (excei>t your figU() 
Can give a woi ttiie epithite. 
Tis an abltraA of all volufneS| 
A pillafler of all colunmes 
Fancie e're reai-*d to wit, to be 
Little Love's epitome. 
And conipaftedly exprefle 
All lovers happy wretdiedneflfe* 

Brave PameLi's majeftie, 
And her fweet fiflcr's modellte, 
Are fixt in each of you, you are 
Alone, wliat thefe together were i 
"Divineft, that arc really 
Wiiat Cariciea's feign'd to be ; 
That are every one, the Nine $ 
And on earth Aflreas (hinc ; 
fie.our Leucippe, and remaiue 
In btfy all thefe o're againe. 
"Wonder ! Noble Clitophon 
IVtethinkes lookes fomewhat colder oo 
^is beauteous miftrelle, and the too 
Smiles hot as (he us'd to doe. 
See 1 tiie individuall payre 
Are at oddes, and parted arc ; 
Quarrell, emu^v^c, and Hand 
Ac flrife, who firfl Ihall kiife youi* hand. 

A new wane eVe while arofe 
Twixt the Greekesand Latines, whofe 
Temples fhould be bound with glory 
In bell languaging this (lory : 
You that with one lovely fmile 
A ten-yeares warre can reconcile; 
Peaceful Hellcns, awfull, fee 
The jarring languages agree 5 
And here all armcs laid by, they doe 
Meet m EngliQi to court you. 

RiCH. LeviLAcc, Ma. Ar, A* Gkm* 
Eq- Aur. III. Nat, Mix* 

SONNET. 

WH H N PhcKDUS throws his goldea 
beams from high, [are bright. 
And monntauu laugh, and vales and ineads 
Tiio' nu)(l are cturm'd, there are whefe 
fofter fight, 
Wlien Cynthia hnngs her pale lampinthe (ky. 
Prefers the (hadowy fcenes her beams fupply : 
But when hi^ fplen Jours with prolific might 
Nature's le-buUding bofom fpeed to light. 
In that gre jt praiie fay who witli him can vye ? 
So rare is he on wliom the Muf(^!iath fmii'df 
To paths, where otiicrs C4uai Came may 
(bare, 
Q ! never may his wifhes be be/niiJ'd I 
Tornife Uwhcsft wiUi iui)g be Uk the cixt 1 



SONNET, 

OH ! how the puiet is btfct with foes? 
Their arrows noc the vulgar ool^ 
Ihower, ftheir power. 

Who feign contempt for what 's bcyouA 
Biic e'en the IcdrnTid ^-*ch' oncandid critkk 

throws 
His venom oaeaoh (peek; aodbariber ivoee 
Await him yet, for e*eo from them vfim 
tower [hour* 

In drains like him to footh th' ioipirei 
From tliem, e'eu ibem^ the eavious malice 
flows. [praiie 

But wealth i feck QOt by the MoTe, our 
From i\\e great mob 1 but my exalted mind 
Above the Vulgar's fickle voice to raiie ; 
While not to vke nor ufeleis joys coo&ffi'i^ 
Nor withnut gain to me will flow my days^ 
To me if fome congeaial foul they. biad. 
B. JuM 25, 17S4. 

On Mist MARY BROWNE'S Marriam 
WITH Mk. flint, Jan. 18 ♦. 

POLLY, I thought withm your breaH;- 
Tlie gentled paffions once did reft ; 
Humane and good 1 deem'd your heactg 
liKlin'd to take th' iiiiha|ipy*s part ; 
I thought for otiiers woes you fult ; 
Could at a tale of roifery ^aelt ; 
And, had it been within your pou'er. 
Would on diftrefs your bounty (hower. 
But now, what fudden news I henr ! 
(You *re fh:angely chang'd, I greatly fear) 
That, after all your goodnefs p:dt. 
Your heart can turn to Flint at laft ! 
Well-^if the news fliouU ev'n prove tru% 
Some good from evil may enfue ; 
For if affeAioa fhould increafe 
With downy hours, domed ic peace^ 
Bcfiore a many yean are pad 
You may, perhap5» drike out at lad 
(Some lucky moment io the dark) 
Between you both a brilliant fpark ! 
Ieb.%, Wm«Augustus WiLLXSyAlUf 

THE COMPROMISE* 

(&ct vd. LXl p. 1 144 } J 

Addie&szd Te LORD KENYON. 

'* Mrdici fro Lege ComfurtuHinem bahent.** 

T 1 G H T of the hiw 1 we bow to your 

I ^ decrees. 

Of •* etmmon Right** intJtled to no fees ; 
Enough for us, tliat we by aidom dahn 
Of" Right frtjcriftrve}* to receive die fame. 

J. C. WXLLS. 

* Mifs Mary Browne is daughter to the 
late Rev. Mofes Browne, Vicar of Olney, 
Buolu, and Chaplain to Morden College. 

f Di*. Willis married Mc. B>t^-«)\>A% <s.\.C^ 
da\>^\ilcr. 



Ws. 



tt$ SiteH Poitry^ Jbdini and MiAm^ftr Februar/i 179a. 

Kr, XJikBAir, SawMgjtw9rthf FA. i%*- Hoc tibi fit logere pudor, fi forte ciianim 

YOUR ready infeition of a former ex* Momina aou leps : fed cum terraque, vdm 

temporary trifle has induced me to riquot 

trotdile you with another, urged in raillery Invilbs heroum animbs cc (aikk revolvas, 

inne time fince to an intimate friend then (Si patriae te tatigit amor, fi lima Britaonum) 

about to wod a vtry pretty woman, named Parce trioroplialos lacrymis afpeifere laurus. 

Williams. QSia & AfuB penetrare finus, atque ultima 

8E E S T iboa the Lilies of the Vale, ^ ^ ?*"«*»• , ,^ P^I?^ 

The pretty Primrofe of the dale, J«J?~ .«»*"ft«» ,!»«•» lodofque laceflero 

The porpte Orchis, fweet Jonqoille, !« ^ virtotem difcas, veruiiique laboreiti. 

The Vi'let blue, or DatfocTiUe; Foitonam eoc ahis. Chb. Anstiy. 

And yet prefer Sweet-WilUams ? _ _.-__ j ._«vj "^T^^ .. e^ 

' ^ LIKESiaddreflfedwitha wreath of flowers, to 

Xet but the Intrant Vo««»ne ^^ Mifs R. commonly called Queen Mab, at 

Or gentle Jefs'mine catch your eye, Sandford Vttla eear Cheltenham, on her 

"View the charming Polly- Anthus, Birth-day 1 1 years, on Jan. 14, 1 79s . 

{Fancy cannot blind a man thus I) Op O thee, fupreme of all the Elphin 

And then compare Sweet- Williams. | throng, 

Youn, &C. Ca&th vsiANvs. Whofport at midnight Ot/d^'t •hanksalong, 

'-^^■*- And on the ttplaiid torf tirraany a ring 

VERSES, Due homage pay to Oberon their king ; 

watTTiir o» BBHOLDIMO A rAVoviiTB To thcc, whofc caily opening tiots preiago 

soo DEAD THAT tiLoNOBD TO THi FuU many a conqueft in a ripcF agc, 

BBAUTiPUL MrSj Priestley. Whofe Ihape and grace (fo will fame's mia» 

By Anthony Paiquih, Es^. ftrcls fmg) 

QOLD Ucs that imn«e, breathlcfc and Shall reign unrivallM at Hygeia's fpring f 5 

fubdn'd, ^^^ *^ ^^ fcftive ball at clofe of day 

hofe apt folidtudes awakcnM glee : ShaU fteel infcnfibly all hearts away 

Thy atoms now are Defolaiion's food i (^fjf ^^^* diffidence, with beauty jomcd. 

Fidelity has loft her type iu tliec W'" ^^ ^o ^P^e the firraeft ftoic's mind), 

... ., . I fend this votive wreath by fricndftupwovj?,^ 

Co hKle, ye Lttle wayward fops of men, To deCk thy^row within thy feiry-grovc. 

Who adulate to madden, (mile to wound | ^^y ^riel, watchful fpritc, thy footftepa 

Who beckon Innocence to Horrors den: guide, 

His tongue ne'er welcom'd what his heart ^nd Sylphs andSylphids wanton by thy fidt, 

difown'd. Full in thy paths the choiccft flowers difplay. 

When (hall his lovely miftrefs fearlefs reft ? And brufh with airy feet each thorn away I 

For who is left gaunt ruin to defcry ? Thus may thy years, unfullied and ferene, 

JLh I Morpheus, vifit not her (bowy^breaft, Glide down life's bufy and important fcenc. 

Or touch the curtains of her lapphire eye. FaityCamp^ Jan, 24. Sagit t arius. 

*Tr*',''**^^fI,^Il^?:^^'"' O" * P'""" oTo^LE. It's EicAf « 

DifcretioD will not warrant her repofe : in t u b O a k 

Frtod, like the bM, yet llitt o'er Nature'. -rjEHOLD the king, wl^; Ibunning dan- 

piauif 1^ |,gj^5 ftroke 

To purloin honey from the valued rofc. ^^^^ ^^^^^^^ ^^^^ i„ ^„ ^^^ 

Ere to the grafly fepulchre he 's borne, Which liv'd until his father's life was done, 

Thefe gufhiug tears ihall bve h'ts matchle£i Then died to prove a refuge for tiie fon ; 

clay : And to us all, this well-try'd truth imparts, 

Bf'n thus ihall mightineft be riv'd and Ihom, Better truft hollow trees tiian hollow hearts. 

£v'n thus fweet beauty muft be t«m away. 1 ■ 

, P. 69, In the vcrfes from Melandlhon, read 

UNES ON A CoLVMN NEAR BRISTOL *. the 9tli and loth lines thus^ 

Carmen Cxnotophio infcriptum, quod HichabucreaUquam/«riparvotemporefcdem, 

in Agro CUftonicnfi propcUrbem Bristo- Nam furit m noftra Mais quoque dims 

LI am, in Memoriam Militum fuorum, apud hurao. 

Gentes Oriontales •cciforum^ poni voluit ^^ P* 7o> col- »> "«« 34i tor £553 

CvLiELMws Drapei, Septttagcfim«-nonaB read ttn^ ; line 41, read ^"^ti^V • 

C©hortisTribunus, A.D. 1768. ,. 1^7* ^...JI . J^^J 

CISTEgradum,fiquaeftBritonumtibl ^^ '=^' ^^'^ TWTM^ read ntilD, 

?l cura. Viator, [chro and for jl^^JJ read n!3^0- ^°** *• ^* ** 

Stfte gradum } vacuo recolas infcripu fepul- r^ u«%-,^ -^j •-«*%«i«w%. i;^* ^ (r^ 

TriftlateaVirum,quosbellicus ardor eJSii, *«^ « JilK ^^^ 7\^7\^\ ^« ^f ^ 

Proh dolor! baud unqqam reditusos mifit ad ♦yP r^ad ^^tJ. 

nrhem* ^^^^ ^ Chcli or Cheldcr, the breok. 



1 792-] 



C 169 ] 



MINUTES or thb PROCEEDINGS of tub NATCONAL ASSEMBLY o^ 

FRANCE; amttfutedfrom p.'jl. 



Jan, 14' TV ^ Genfonnc reporteJ from the 
Jj/^0 Dipluautic Ci»mmiuec, on 
the official notice deli vere<4 on the z ill of 
peoembery by prince KamiitZi to the French 
MnKaliiMior at Vienai. 

The points examined by the conunittee 
were, 

I. Tlic poliricnl fitu-'^ion of France with 
rer|>e£l to cYis Emperor. 

The allii^nce w'lCh the Empire feemed to 
have the iniereil of the U«)ure of Aultriu for 
its only object. Since Llie ircuy of 175^* 
France bad cxluurtcd herfelf in fuppoi t of 
tluit Iioufe,anJ renounced tre:uies fr«>m v\ hlch 
flic might h^ve derived reciprocal advantages. 
In reium fur thcfe facrificcs, the Emi)cror 
)uui openly proCe<^ted the Frencii emij^rancs 
in his States; folicited and concerted, by his 
agents, a league of the powers of Europe 
a^aifill tl»« libeny of France; given iliufory 
orders for difptfrfing the cmigraMis, which 
were never executeil ; allowed tliem to u^ear 
diftinguilhing cockatlcs and uniforms* while 
French citizens cculd not wear the Nationd 
colours wilhout bein^ inhiUed. Such lud 
been his condn^ before the king** acccf>Liuc« 
of the conftitution. Since that |>«r>oa, let 
the .\irembly recollcdl lui anfwer to ihc no- 
tification of tlie king's acceptance — his circu- 
lar letter to the jxywers of Europe ; the ge- 
neral alliance negoti ded with t'aofe powers, 
and his fecrct ti eaty wi:h the King of Pruilia. 
The EleiW of Treves fuflFcred the emigrants 
toeulift and ai m men in his territories. Tlie 
King, on the dcfirt* ot the Alfenibly, reque fl- 
ed the Emperor's iniei ventiou, wluch he re- 
fufed i anJ, on the application of the Elet^or 
of Treves, granted to liim, arnioft France, 
what he denied co an ancient and faithful ally. 
Thefc fevcral caufes of complaint amuu iied 
to a nunifed ir.fra^ion of tiieiienty of 17 56. 

II. What h.id France to dic:iil from the 
league thai was fonniug again(t her ? 

It was not the int^relt of the Emperor to 
engage in a war, whicii, even if fucccfs were 
polTible, mull weaken his force, anJ pa: him 
at the mercy of ths other powers of Europe. 
All his winding ptihcy, aiul all hii men ices, 
were intendeU only to keep France in a (late 
of alarm, and perliaps to faciliLite a congrefs, 
%vhich, by pretending to niodify ti>e hien^ 
ponllitution, mud dellroy it. A nation of 
^euty-fi?e millionf, refolved to poilefs liber- 
ty, and to pt)lTcfs it entire, would never fur- 
render its fovoreignty to be moditied by 
flfefpocs. 

It was therefore for the AlTembly to exa- 
mine whether tlie oiiicial notice of tlie Em- 
peror, combined with his otiier conducl, was 
or was not to lie confidcred as an adl of ho- 
ilility. Such was the fituation of France, 
that war alone coulJ re- animate public credit, 
txtinguifli pivil difcord, and fet tlie idittce of pfitifi^d. 

GtNT. Mac. }\i/Uu'y, //yZ. 

JO 



tlie conditution upoo an immoveable bafit. 
In a Amilar fitoation, Fretierick II. broke 
the Audrian lea);ue, by anticifiating tlie blo# 
with which it threatened him; and a pronlpC 
invafion fecured hi^ crown, which the leattt 
delay might have lod. 

The minider for foreign affairs had cia- 
tinned the AlTemblv avcainll ufmg imperative 
contlitions ; fuch, for ejcample, as miglit 
wound tl»c feelings of the Emperor, as the 
difrcgard of proper refpedt might be pruduc* 
tive of )ieace or war. 

M. B?.(T"ait, on the contrary, expicfTcd his 
dillVnt in M09 drongly lecommending war 
as the only means of preferving the condituti' 
on^wh-.chwasin greater danger from intrigue 
and craft, than from the 0|>en att:icks of the 
declared enemy. His fpeech was well re- 
ceived, and ordered to be printed 

yan. 17. M. RrilfoC propofeJ to the Af- 
fembly, that the K'ng dioulJ be requelted to 
n'Hify 10 tlie Emperor, in tlie name of the 
French natkxi, thit the mod fpcedy me ifur^s 
will be tiken to aA otibifi ^ elv, unlrCs his 
Imperial Majedy gives, bcf )re the loth of 
February, fuch fatista^tion as will diffipate aU 
the fears of the nition of hts atUiling the 
Elc(flors in proce^ing the Emigrants, &c 

He recommended war with the Emperor 
as the only means of abfoWing them from the 
oath they had taken, Co maintain the condt- 
tutioii, or die. 

Jan. 18. The committee of legiflation pre* 
fented the decree of forfeiture in the follow- 
ing terms, which were adopted with loud 
applaufe : 

** The National AlTembly cnnfideriog tliaC 
Louis ^itaniflaus-OCavier, French Prince, tlie 
fird called to the re-;ency, is not returned to 
the kingdom on the requifition of the Le« 
giUntive body, proclaimed on the 7th of Nov« 
1791 ; that the term fixed by the proclaroa* 
tion was expired, and that Louis Staniflaus- 
Xavier, French Prince, is held to have ab* 
dicitevl his right tw the Regency, and that m 
confequence he is deprived of it«" 

In the evening M. Damas refnaied ttw 
debate of the precedmg day: lie cmfi* 
dered France as in a condition to mako 
war with advantage; but the treaties 
with the Empire and with Spain not bein; 
broken by any thing that had yet (x:cnrred« 
was as highly advantageous to FroiKe, m it 
w.is to them. He Uiei-efore wi:hed tlie pto> 
poiitions q\ the committee to be got rid <>£ 
by th*t previous quedion, and the uotiiicntoB 
by the Kin,^ to contain nothing but the har- 
mony e.taSUlhed between the executive an4 
the legillative |>owers of France, anO their 
joint fcHu-.ts to coiifirm tho conltitutioQi tike 
jKrace aiul luippincfa of tho nation. Uis 
fpccch WM ap|>laad«d, aud onl<ii'cd to faie 



\^.N«V 



1 7© Proceedings of the National. /[Ifemhly in France. [ Feb. 



t 



M Vergniaiid faid, the nipnire of the had *o fay. The fuhjcfl of compla'nit wai 
treaty of 1756, which had often been a bur- the fudden deamefs of many articles of pro- 
dan, hm never a benefit to France, was a vifions. and of fugar in particular ; and their 
Diplomatic revolution, as neceflary as the deftgn wasto diHrihute thiS commoiliiy at a 
capture of the BalHle, The Emperor had lower price. The mayor convinced them, 
broken it by his circular letter frofn Padua, that this would oitly enhance the price in ge- 
by hit adherence to the eenelufum of the diet neral ; and that the municipality had it not 
^•t RaCifbon, and by the treaty of I'ilnitz. in their power to ux any articles of merchan- 
There was ro reafon to dread a war as the dize; hut-that they had one mode of redrefs, 
confequtnce of ti.e rupture, fositwas tlie which was the only one becoming a free peo- 
£mperor*s voluntary aft. • He conchulcd for pie, tfiat of a rcguUr and peac<'ahle rcprc- 
tbe rooticn ef M. BrifTot, with fome amend- icntaiion, by way of petition to the Affcmbly, 
ments. 1 his produced a quiet difj^rlion of the mob. 

M. Ramond faid, they were anivcd at the *< Sunday paflcd over tolerably quiet j butoa 

fecond ftage of the revolution. As it ap- Monday morning letters came to the mayor 

proached to its concluficm at home, it up- from v.^rious quarters, indicating very ahrm- 

peared tn be only in its commencement a- ing mob5, one of which moved towai ds the 

broad. In the back ground appeared S we- Hotel de Ville. The refpcftable M. Pcythion 

den and RufOa with ridiculous menaces; in again fncceedcd in pacifying them by reafou- 

the fa|[e ground Spain exprefling open dif- ing. At that inlUnt the Commandant Gene* 

content, and the Emperor endeavouring t^ ml of the National Guards arrived, and in- 

fpeak a double language; and thene wa*. rea- formed the mayor of fome very formidable 

fon to believe that England would not loncj appearances in th« different Areets of St. 

maintain the dark and lullen filcncc ihc h.^d Martin, du Chapon, des Gravillers, &c. 

hitheito prefcrvcd, but appear in the leaji^ue where warehoufes were broken open, and the 

of their enemies. It fetmed as if, when K:,tional Guard beitcn back. 
France difappcared from the Diplorrntic ha- " The nien.hers of the munirip'ality and of 

rizon, darknefs and delirium hsd ipreaxl over the directory of department went in differ- 

Europe, and the feveral powers, unable to ent j^arties to thefe fcvcral places, with a ccr* 

diftinguiAi allies from rivals, had embraced tain number of grenadiers and horfe guards; 

as they met by chance in the gbom. but had the fatistartioa to find the greateft 

Such combin.'.tions had been formetl among part of the mob difperfed before they came; 

them as were never thought*of before ; but and the mifchicf amounted to no more than 

the re-appearance of the French people b'.e:«king th« windows, and dealing out the 

would foon diirolve tbcfc unnatural con- fn^^ar at a low price from five or fix confidc- 

iiexions. rai*l3 wardiouics.** 

>/. Peythion^ir ^f^srN Reftrt tj the Vifi-^rl- A^rsr hearing this recital from the mayor 

«/<r^x <j/ Paris. of i aris, ili© Aflcmhly went to the order of 

<* For fome day« part the people have fi^em- th- doy, which was a report from the corn- 
ed difpofed to rile in differci:t parts of Prais, miuee of Cfjmmerce on the fubjedl of mo- 
€omplaining louiUy of the I. Igh price of |;-o. rn^polie^; wh.ch, after a long debate, was 
vifions, and particularly the articles of fu^ar ftn: tn be revif'^l Vy the united coramiirec of 
and coffiee. cnnim«jft; and Icgiflation. The atr^air of 

«* On Friday thefc movements incieafo.l f> C^sm w.v rhen taken up, which ended in a 

much as to induce fome of the conr.miiTaries deci-ce of accuCation againll M. Lavigns. 
«f the police to nik for the miliuny luice. 1 he Alfembly received the following let- 

*« On Friday night a fire broke out \\\ the ter froriA 'he King: 
Hotel de Force. This event wns very aUim- " M. IV-'^^dent, I liave charged the mim- 
ing, the National Guards were fcnt tli^re. It (ler of w.%r to propofe a mean to the Alfem- 
is not yet known, for certain whether tI.e fire b)y for conciliating the interest of the public 
■was merely accidental, or piemediuicd j it ti-cafi.iy with th.it of the troops, who are 
burnt all that p.irt of the buildin/ wii-re the dj.%e!led by the p.iymeat biing made iu 
debtors are confined. None of th»5 nciTh- alTigmts. 

bouiring buildings, hou'cver, wii e conlumed ; *' He is alfo charged to propofe to the con- 

and tlie report of a magazine of fujar liaving fidcration of the aUcmbly tivo other fubjedts, 

been confumed was entirely falfe. But in on which i have t^^ken the opinions of the 

thefuburbsof St. Mareau, a great multitude Gcnen-.h, and which appear to me advan- 

of people fuiToundod a large magazine of tageoiii. 

fogar, where, however, the mayor arrived ** The firft is, the formation of eight legi- 

bcfore any mifchief was done, and prev.iiled on«, dellined to flank our army, to feaire 

on the mob to difperfe, by the force of mere its march in the enemy's country. 

perfuafiont and reafoning. ' " The fecond is, ttie form;*: ion of a corps 

. <• Of this inilance of the good difpofition of artillery on horfes, which may move from 

•(' the citizens, the mayor gave a particular place to phice with celerity. Thefe fubje<5ls 

4ietail. Twelve of the crowd were deputed I fubmit to the dcliberalion of the Nati'on4 

ifroni the reft to give an acctunt of the occa- Aflembly. 
lUn «rf tke riling, and to bevr what cbt mayur (iigned) <« LOU \^^ 



X792'] Proceedings of the National jljjemhly in France. 171 

JoM. r^. The DipIofRiatic committee re- The .galleries applauded his meafures ; huC 

ported on the papers that had b«en fuhniitced M. Lumarque faid, he only meabt that the 

to their confuleration by the mimiler of law (buuid cake its courfe, and decree unth 

foreign aflbirs, that there was no longer any impa:tial Judice. The AQcmbly ordeied the 

dotibc of the pacific intentioMS of the Elector comrnitrce of legiflation to prepare a decree 

%ii Treves, the emigrants being completely on the fuhje£^. 

difperfed in his territory. The Emperor's yan 15. The important quedion of me«« 

letter to Cardinal de Rohan had already pro- fares with the Emperor \v.ns refumed, and 

placed very evident cff^^s. Two tlion; uid the fiulowing articW were adopted and paiTed* 

five hundred meui under the command of ]. The King i}\:)U be invited by a melfage 

M. Comi^and Mirabc.ai, !<ail received orders to declare to the Emperor, t^at he cannot ia 

to quit the bifhopric of Str.il^>urgh in 24. future treat with ariy power but in the name 



hours s waggons, wi'.h ammun'tion, had 
been ftopfied on the road to Etteul.eim, and 
the execution of all contraifU for cloaihing, 
^c. had been (lopped. 

General Luokner had given drifl orders 
not to refent any infult by the fugitives to 
his advanced |>olls. M. d'Aitois was at 
FVankfort. 

The Duke of Wirtemberg, a? Dire(5lor of 
the circle of Suabia, had written, in con- 
jon^ion with the Bi;'iop of Conllance, to 
Cardin<«l de Rohan, in 'Jie m^ft pre fling terms, 
to prevent any violation of the laws of g'wd 
neigtik}urhooil by tie emi^nnts on his ter- 
ritory , with an intir:u'.tion, that unlcfs he re- 
ceiveii a categonwl anfwer, he would ad- 
vance a b« 'ly of trijops to cut off all com- 
mwiication lictween his States and the prin- 



cipality of bttenhcim; and thai if the corps they may receive. 



of tl>e French nation, and in virtue of tiio 
powers delegated to him by the cunftitution. 

II. The Kmg fhall be invited to demand of 
the Emperor, if, as head of the Houfe o£ 
Auf\i la, he intends to live in peace with the 
French nation, or if he renounces all treaties 
and Conventions diredled again (I the fove* 
reignty, independence, and fafety of ttie na- 
tion. 

HI. The King (hall be requeded to declare 
to tl'.e Emperor, that in cafe he (hall, before 
the. id d«iy of May next, fail to give fnll and 
entire fatisfadHon upon the points above 
dated, his fdence ihall be confidered as a do* 
claralion of w.ir. 

IV. The King (hall be requeded to adopt 
the mod ef(i .:ici< >n.s meafures to put the troops 
in a date to t?.ke the field, on the fird orders 



« Mirabe.iu did not feparatc, it would be 
neceflary to fepr.rate them by force. In 
Ihort, the communications nude by the mi- 
uider indicnte<l, that the Emprjior, and all 
tiie German princer, were at Icni/ih fennWe 
of their true intec^ds, and dtliiuus of juacd 
with France. . 

The minidcrs of war, at the fame time, 
fave an account of the meafures taken fnr 
ths defence of the frontiers, and pr.iyet! I'.ie 
atcntion of tlie Alferably to the jMopornlons 
prefeiited by the King, as fullowi : 

** The King firopofesto the AiumMy to 
fnke into confidciation a new ntoJe of rc- 
CJuiting, which rcnoeis polTiMe the cxecii- 
lion of a decree ordt ring the r.rniy to l;c 
completed; a? id alio 7. priipot'xl aa:»ment.ition 
of 8 heur. generals, 12 maich.^r-. dc camp, 
4 a'Jjiitant generids, and S couimitrane:: at 
u.'.r. Hj alio propofjs to them to confidcr 
of the cre.ition of 2 ofScei*s of aiwl-du-c.unp 
generals attac'ed to the mini Pry. Aihl of 
an .lugmentation of the allouati'.e for the 
ofhcers, lub-otiicers, and foldci', in time 
of war." (Signed) •• L')uts." 

Jan. 7 1. The mmiUer of war again rc- 
miiHled the AtfcmWy^of the nectiiiiy of de- 
ciding on a pLm for compleating tiiO ::rmy. 

Several mcaibers pro|)oled tt* <^cc'de fird 
on the meafures to be token u ;:ii the Em- 
peror. 

M. Lumarque f.u«l, the public opinion 
4!alled for \\ar, but there was one mt.ifure 
t%'hich ought to precede it — Ki ioqucfi:i:r the 
edares of thofe who were opcnlv engaged iu 
Uie confpiracy againdtbc pu' lie i^cacc. 



Marfhal Rochambeau, in ths courfe of the 
d:b.ue, was admitted to the bar, and recom* 
aierded to the Alicmbly two efTential pointIL 
I. To give thft command of the troops to 
ofliccrs of the line ; and, 2. to pay the fol* 
dier> in money, aiid not in afiignais.' He con- 
clndid a mod pnihctic fpeech amidd the ap* 
piaulcs uf the lurroundtng multitude. 



^-'. 



Statt or Affairs Abroad. 

c7 J th Empcior tb tU Ficnch King^ 
lie ^t.''j]tk», 

'< No doubts c n i>e entci tained of siy man* 
ner cf ihinking on the aftairs of France. 
My l;.fl dcclai^ition, and the orders 1 h»ve 
caiifed to be given by my Government at 
I'ru.fcis to t!.c agent of tl»c French' eni- 
era:!:-, picve, cl«ai 1 confider my brother*" 
ir,-l.i\v a» fice; and th.it it is not my intent ion 
to ititc:f'-te ui the Dd.rirs t;f his kingdom as 
long .w the French fh.'>ll le^ive htm in pofTef- 
fion of th.^l power which they have volun-r 
tarily I'ccuied to him, and he has voluntaril/ 
accepted by the new conihf.itioQal contra^. 
Hvit this IS all that ought,io be re4Uired of 
n.c. 

♦* If the Kinrj of the French has caufcsof 
complaint ar,.»inlt p.)rticu!arSiaioof tlie Em- 
pire, fn.c Sovereigns hkc myiqif, by virtue 
of the Germanic Ct nllituiion, let him ad- 
drifb h:mielf immechaiely to Ui^m, and bring 
his remondiances to fuch ifTiie as he (hall 
think prcjper." 

ilcnce it appears, that France may declare 
war nfauifl any of the German' States 
who oj^enly favour the hodde preparatlont 



Tnat} en Marriagi of the Duh cf York. 



oC th« emtgrantt, without being neceifiirily 
involved in war with the wliole Germanic 
kxly. 

Leading Articks in the Treaty betiveen their 
Majeftiesof Great- Bii»ain and Pinllia, pn- 
ceding the Marriage of the Dukecf Ycirk. 
1. 1 lie King of JTiiliia nivcs to the Prin- 
ccfs hs daughter a portion of ioo,ooo crowns 
in Frederics d'on viz. 4©.cco crowns, as hcing 
ehe olual |)ortloii of the iMinceCes of t^.e 
Houfc of Pruflin, and 6;,ooo crowns, as 
farapharnalia. In cafe the Priiicefs (hould 
happen' u» die before her hufband, withcot 
iJBwing iffutt, both the furo?!, as wtll for the 
poition, as for the pnrapbarmilia, Ihall revert 
to ihe king ar.d h\> luccclioi-s, in as far as her 
royal liighnefs (hall not have difpofed of the 
litter ; but the produce thereof Ihall belong 
tB his royal high efs her hufband furviving. 
His majcfty has befiries provided her royal 
bigimcis with a troyjfeuu fuitable to her birih 

and rank.. 

V, The Princess renounces, and by the 
aft figned Sept. 2C, 1791, has renounced, 
conformably to the ufagc and family compart 
<5f tlic Hoofc of Pruflfia and Krandcnhurgh, 
in favour of ihe male fuccetlion, all right of 
ihhmtr.nce anfing from the faid Houfe, in 
the f:tme manner, in the fame termf, with 
the fame rcfrrvations, and the fame v^ilidity 
uf ciig.igemtn', as live J rinccflcs of Prulfu 
and Brandenbuigh have, on their marriage, 
done to this time. And his majeOy the king 
of Great Britain, in his own name, and in 
xhzii of his ff )n the duke of York, confirms 
this renunciation in the moft exp;refi and 
iblcmn manner. 

III. IhcDnkeof York having prom ifcd 
10 give to the Priucefs his wife, as the gift on 

-the day after the marriage, called by the 
Tian\c of ybtgengabef the fum of 6oocl. fter- 
JRng, il\5 intcreft of which was to be paid 
from Sept. 15, 1791 ; and to make part of 
tlic fum fixed U.v pin-money, and for the an- 
nu.il expences of her roy.-il highncfs, .without 
her royal highnefs having, however, any 
power of dilpofmg of the capital duiing the 
life of her hufband. Tlie King of Great 
Britain confirms this engagement. 

IV. The duke of York having promifed 
tp pay annually, and during the whole time 
6f her marriage, h> her royal highncfs, for 
Iier pin-money and daily expcnce?, k^own 
by the name ef Kleider, lUnd arui Spfe/gelder, 
Ihe fum of 4000 1. fterling, of \\ hich her 
royal highnefs (ivA\ have the free dijpoful, 
for her cwm ufc, without defraying out of 
tltat fum the charge of the maintenance of 
the pcrfons attached to her fuite, and intend- 
ed for herfffvice. The King of Gieat Bri- 
tain takes upon himfelf'the full and eiuue 
cxecu'.ion of the faid engagement; and his 
rnajcfty in confequcnce promifcs and en- 
gages to fecure to the Duchefs of York the 
ai^nu^l paymem of 4«col. fterli ig, including 



[Feb. 



the intereft of the fum of 6ocoI. flerlingy 
rovntionrd in the third article. 

V The King of Great Britain gr.ints, as a 
counterportion to tne portion given by thcKing 
of I'ruflia, the like fum of 1 0^,000 crown* 
in gold. His Ri'itannick majefly alfo engage^ 
to fecuw to the Princefs, in cafe of the un- 
happy event of mnurnful feparation by the 
death of the Duke of York, the annual fum 
of 80 ol. fterling for her jointure, together 
with arefidcnce, anJ a fuitable ,eilabli(hment. 

VI. This treaty (hall be ratifted by th« 
Kings of Great Britain and PrulTia, and th« 
letters of rectification exchanged in the fpaca 
of 6 weeks, or fooner, if poflihle, to be 
computett from the day of the fignature. In 
witneff whf rcof, we the plenipotentiaries o£ 
live King of Great Britain, and of the K\ng, 
of Prufiia, with full powers, have figncil the 
prefent treaty, and put thereto the feals of our 
aims. Done at Berlin January 26, 1792. 

(l. S.) M EDEN. 

(l. s.) ch. will, count OB 

riNKENSTBIN'. 
(l,s.) F. W. COOKT DRSCHU- 
LENBEEO. 

(l. s.) P. c d'alvenslebbn. 

Co/y e/ tl^e Artielet contained in tb; Treaty cf. 

l\ace between Rullia and the Porte, can- 

eluded at Jafly, yan. 9, 1792. 

I. Tliere Ihall be from henceforth a f^abloi^ 
permanent friendfhip between the High Con- 
Cradling Powers. ' 

.11. All tlie ftipulitions in force before the 
late rupture (hall he renewed. 

III. The Dneifter (hall hereafter be con- 
fidercd as the frontier and line of demarca- 
tion between the rcfpedtive Sutes'. All the 
territories fituated on the right hand of that 
river (hall be reftored to the Porte. 

IV. The principal cities of Moldavia and 
W.ijlachia (hall be confirmed in their an- 
tient rights and privileges ; the inh.Abitants 
diall be exempted from all tribute during two 
years, and thofe who wiTi to fell tlieir pro- 
perty, and remove elfew here, (hall be per- 
mitted fo to do. 

V. Tlie i>ul)limc Porte hereby guarantees 
the tranquillity of Grufinia, Georgia, and 
the ncighbourmg teiritories. 

VI. Tlie Sublime Porte undertakes to do 
the fame in regard to Caucafus. 

VII. The Sublime Porit undertakes to do 
the fan»c in regard to all the piracies of the 
Barbaiy corfairs, and to indemnify the .fub- 
je(5is of Ruliia from any lolTcs they may 
fuflain in cunfequence of an infraction of an/ 
iii the above three articles. 

VIII. Liberty (hall be granted to prifoncrs 
of all nations, whether [(.uli'uns, Greeks, 
Moldavians, Poles, Sec. &c. 

IX. All hoililiiies (hall ceafe, iic. &c. 

X. The two high conira<5ting Powers fl\all 
fend ambnlfadors reciprocally to each other. 

^L Ail the Rullian forces, cither apper- 

lauuus 



1 793-] InlertJIing iHUl/igenee Jrtm ih* Eaft Indiei. 



>73 



taaninf to the Tea or land fcrvice, (hall quit 
the Ottoman cenitor'ws on or before ihe loWi 
fif May. 

XII. The nici6cation of the Count de 
Reiborodko and the Grand Vizier (ball be 
interchanged within 15 days. 

XIII. That of »he rcfpcdU\re Sovereipit 
io 5 ueeks, reckoning from the day of the 
ftgnatore of tlie |>rerent treaty. 

East India Intfllicemce. 

The difpatches from India by the Swallow 
floop contain nothing new. Lord Cnrnwal- 
lis has given a well-wriircn hiftory of the 
late campaige, the Hriking events of which 
urere all puhli(hed Wy authority before. (See 
voL LXI. p. 1147) 

Tliis defe^ is, however, in fome mcafure 
fupplied by private ini«lligence, vv hich feeius 
to be of good authority. 

Letter from Madras to a Cent'fm.tn ht England, 
ffmerly emfhytd in tbitt Fiiflory, 

*' On the 16th of [uly, the arm/ marched 
towards Ouffore, and anivitig witliin 5 mil-s 
of it, major Gou die, with his hrigatfe, was 
detached againil it. The m.iior arn/ed there 
about three in the evening, and in the morn- 
ing fent a p.irty under lieut. MacLeod, with 
% flag of truce, to fummi-n ilie fort. At the 
inftanty an explufioa was obfcrvtd in tlie 
N* W. angle, and great numbers of people 
were feen moving off 'o the Southward, cir- 
cumAances which convinced major Gowdie 
that the fort was evacuattrd. A detachment 
was ordered to take poHetUon of it, when it 
was found that the expl.'fion had been occa« 
fioned by the enemy's fpringing a mine, by 
which ope of the finefi balHons was ruined. 
Jtis a pbce of nui;:li ftrtniith,and, had Tip- 
poo heiBn allowed to hnifh it, we lliould have 
met with ne.i ly as much difliculty in t iking 
it, as was experienced in the taking of M.m- 
galore; five pieces of canon, fume military 
(lores, and gram, weie found in the 
fort. After blowing up the bartion>, 
ttie enemy had laid a plan to blow up the 
whole as toon as our tic>oi>s fhould have ob- 
tiined pollcflion of the gan il'on ; but the man 
employed to put the m.ucii to ihe train 



luckily took friglit, aiul fared two of our bat- 
talions. So.iye of ihc village pe)|>le fai J, that ed, and two private Europeans, and feven ft 



out efledl. On the iSth, orders were re- 
ceived from lord Comwal'is, to get pofTef- 
fion of the Pettah, and every preparatioa 
was accordingly made. On the next mornings 
jult as Che day had begun to dawn, the major 
mn a fix-pounder up to the gate, and blew it 
o|)eQ ; and fuccceded iu the fame way againft 
tlie inner gate, when the party on the attack 
ru(hed forward to a fiort on the. fide of the 
hill, and gained the foot of it with much dif- 
ficulty, by a rery fteep afcent of about 509 
yards, in which the people were obliged to 
alfid each ottier. Here every moment be- 
came precious, aiul^the major feized the op- 
portunity; he forced two gate-ways, and 
purfued the part of the enemy's garrifofi» 
Rationed there, nearly looyards, all the while 
afcendiog the hill by means of a rugged 
flight of Itcps ; when another gate- way pre- 
fented itfelf, and it being judged ton difficult 
for nn attempt to force in, or indeed to reach 
it, tlie major ordered the troops to retiro 
under cover of the ports that liad been fe* 
cured. It wa.<; at this place that the party 
fullained its greatcll lofs. Enfign Crowe, dt 
the corps of engineers, being extremely de- 
firous of afcertaining the exadl fituatioo of 
the gate-way and its defencer, did not pay 
a necefTary attention to the orden tliat wer» 
given for retiring, although twice repeated 
to him : he fell a facrifice to the impulfe of 
a generous ardour, and expired on tire fpot. 
*< On the aid, major Gowdie having fre« 
quently and minutely reconnoitred the fWrt, 
and fatisfied himfelf that it might be carried, 
all the field -pieces of the brigade were 
brought to bear upon different parts of it, 
and two of them upon three of its gates. A 
re-infoi cement was fent from the grand ar- 
my, of a battalion of fepoys uiuler Capt. 
Chafe, and tw«> twelve-pounders. After tl»e 
demolition of the enemy's defences, a general 
alTauIt was intended; a well-diredtcA fire 
foi)n anfwered the end propofed j tlie enemy 
fled from their works with great precipitation, 
a white flag was immediately thrown out 
from the wall?, the capitulation was figned 
at fix o*cl(Kk in the evening, wlcn our troops 
were put into full pofleflion of the fort, &c« 
Our lofs at Royacottah was, one ofticer kill- 



there were three Lui o|)ean ofliceii confi'.ied 
there ; and th:it two days previous to ih. ar- 
rival of our tK.ops before tlic tort, they were, 
by Tippoo'b oidiTS, put to death, 

" On thtf 17th, the whole of the army 



poys uoundcd: only 3C0 bullock li>.i.!s of 
rice, fome j^ov^dcr, and » fmall pr(»portion 
of military floies, were fonnd in the fort. 

" i forgot to mention, when fpeaking of 
Ouflbrc, that after tlie grand army arrived 



encamped before OwirortJ. Ca|>:. Wellh of there, fome of the men fouwd caleiKlars, 



the Kcngal voUintceis was ouieied to take 
the command of the foir ; aiul major G«»w 
die, with hih brigade, w.ts dcL..ched ag.iinft 
Koyacottah, where he .irnv^d Jtout ten the 
(jllowing mornint;. A S-.ihadar and a party 
oi fc|X>ys, wiih a liag of truce, was fent to 
the fort, with an niter of tcr.ns If capiinla- 
tion to the garrifon, wlio icfut'od to give tiie 
bubadar ad»>i;i^n<:e, and, i: 'Otrary to ilte law 
•f ua:icr.s, ^red three fliois at j^iai, Uiii MAiiir 
4 



jouruah', &c. which maiked the recent refi- 
dcnce of fome of the Hannibal man-of-war • 
people, particularly three of the names of 
Hamilton, James W'allis, and Sadde. in one 
of the calendars there is this remark, " This 
is the birth -day of the unfortunate James 
VVallis, aged ^7 years." Tlicir iixins wexe . 
in the worklhop, and but newly ftruck olt; 

*• On the 24th «jf July* tlie army was en- 
cooiped tieur ^eil Druog^ about 10 miles 



Tnat} en Marriagi of the Duh cf York. 



oC th« emtgrantt, without being neceltarily 
involved in war with the whole Germanic 
kxly. 

Leading jirtieht in the Treaty htMveen their 
Majefties'of Great- Hi i'ain and Pmllia, pre- 
ceding the Marriage of the J^uke of York. 
1.1 lie King of Pnilfia gives to the Prin- 
ce^ h'S daughter a portion of ioo,o:« crowns 
in Frederiet d'or\ viz. 4©,cco cn^uns, ashcing 
the olual portion of the pinceCTcs of t^.c 
^oufe of Pruflia, and 6-,ooo crowns, as 
farafharmlia. In cafe the Princefs (hould 
happen' v^ die before her hulband, withcot 
lewing iffue, both the furos, as well for the 
poition, as tor tb.e parapbamaliaf lliall revert 
to the king and hi> luccellois, in as far as her 
roynl highncfs (hall not have difpofed of the 
litter ; but the produce thereof Iholl belong 
tD his royal hish cfs her hufband furviving. 
His niajefty has befiri«s provided her ropl 
bigimcis with a trwffeau fuitable to her birih 

ahd rank. 

II. The Princefs renounces, and by the 
aft figned *ept. zc, 1791, has renounced, 
conformably to ilic ufagc and family compaft 
<5f the Houfc of Pruflia and Rrandenburgh, 
in fiiytiur of the male fucceliion, all right of 
ihht;rit:ince anfmg fioni the faid Houfe, in 
elic f:ime manner, in the fame term?, with 
the fame rcfrrv.uions, and the fame v;4iidlty 
of cus.igemcnt, as the Jrinceflcs of Piulfia 
and Brandenbuigh have, on their marriage, 
done to this time- And his majeOy the king 
of Great Bnrain, in his own name, and in 
that of his ffjn tlic duke of York, confiims 
this renunciation in the moft exp^-cfi and 
Iblcmn manner. 

III. 1 he D»ike of York having promifcd 
10 gwt to the Priuccfs his wife, as the gift on 

-the day after the marriage, called by the 
nstr.e of Mofgen^abfy the fum of 6oocl. Her- 
fms* iU= interest of which was to be paid 
from Sept. 15, 1791 ; and to make part of 
tlic fum fixed for pin-money, and for the an- 
nual expences of her roy.-il highncfs, .without 
her royal highncfs having, however, any 
power of dilpofing of the capitiil during the 
life of her hulband. The King of Great 
Britain confirms tlus engagement. 
■ IV. The duke of York having promifcd 
to pay annually, and during the whole lime 
ti her marriage, ^r) her royal iiighnefs, for 
Iier pin-money ;ind daily expences, known 
by the name ef KUider, ILwd arui Sfpcigeliery 
the fum of 4oc-ol. fterling, of which her 
rt)yal highnefs (IkUI have the free difpoful, 
for her own ufc, without defraying out of 
tint fum the charge of the maintenance of 
the perfons attached to her fuitc, and intend- 
ed for herfervice. The King of Great Bri- 
tain takes u}M>n himfelf'the full and entire 
execu'.ion of the faid engagement; and his 
inajoAy in confequence proniifes and cn- 
tagi;s to fccure to the Duchefs of York the 
aunu^l payment of .4«col. fterli ig, including 



[Feb. 



the intereft of the fum of 6000!. (lerlingy 
mentioned in the third article. 

V The King of Great Britain gr.ints, as a 
counter portijn to tne portion given by theKing 
of I'rullia, the like fum of lo",©©© crowns 
in gold. His Rritannick majefly alfo engager 
to fecune to the Princefs, in cafe of ih^ un- 
happy event of mournful feparation by the 
death of the Duke of York, the annual fum 
of 80 o I. fterling for her jointure, together 
with arefideoce, an^l a fuitable ^ilablifhment. 

VI. This treaty (hall be ratified by th« 
Kings of Great Britain and PrulTia, and th« 
letters of ratification exchanged in the fpaco 
of 6 weeks, or fooner, if poflible, to be 
compu'eti from the day of the fignature. In 
witnefs whrreof, we the plenipotentiaries of 
tlie King of Great Britain, and of the Ksnj^ 
of Pruflia, with full powers, have figned ih«s 
prefcnt treaty, atid put thereto the feals of ouc 
aims. Pone at Berlin January 26, 1792. 

(l. S.) M EDEN. 

(L. t.) CH. WILL. COUNT OB 

riNXENSTBIN. 

(l.s.) f. w. cookt drschu- 

LENBEEC. 

(l.s.) p. c o'alvensleben. 

Copy of the Articfet contMneJ in th; Treaty <f. 

p. ace between Rullia and tl>e Forte, ««- 

eluded at jalfy, y^n. 9, 1792. 

I. Tliere (hall be from henceforth a l^able^ 
permanent friendfhip between the High Con- 
trailing Powers. * 

. II. All tlie llipubtions in force before the 
late iiipture (hall be renewed. 

III. The Dneifter (hall hereafter be con- 
fidered as the frontier and line of demarca- 
tion between the rcfpedlive States. All the 
territories fiiuated on the right hand of that 
river (hall be rellored to the Porte. 

IV. The principal cities of Moldavia and 
Wajlachia (hall be confirmed in their an- 
ticnt rights and privileges ; the inh.Abitants 
Hiall be exem|)ted from all tribute during two 
years, and ihofe who wifVj to fell their pro- 
pel ty, and remove elfe where, (hall be per- 
mitted fo to do. 

V. Tlie buhlimc Porte licreby guarantees 
the tranquillity of Grufinia, Georgia, and 
the ncighboitring territoi ics. 

VI. The Sublime Porte undertakes to do 
the fame in regard to Caucafus. 

VII. The Subhme Porte undertakes to do 
the fame in regard to all the piracies of the 
Barbai y corfairs, ami to indemnify the .fub- 
jeits of Ruflia from any loffcs they may 
fuftain in confcqucnce of an infraction of any 
of the above three aiticles. 

VI II. Liberty (hall be granted to prifoners 
of all nations, whether K.uliians, Greeks^ 
Moldavians, Poles, See. &c. • 

iX. All hol\iliiies (hall ceafe, iic. &c. 
X. Tlic two high com racing Poweri (liall 
fend ambnlfadors recipn^rally to each other. 
^L Ail the Rullian forces, either apper- 

uuiui^ 



1 792-] Inter ejling Intilltgencf from ihi Eaft Indies* 



taaniug to the Tea or Innd fi^ice, (hall quit 
die Ononnan cenitorics on or before itie icth 
fif May. 

XII. The racification of the Count de 
Re(borfM}ko and the Gr.mil Vizier (hall be 
interchanged within 1 5 days. 

XIII. That of ihe rcfpccMve Sovereigns 
ki 5 ueeks, reckoning from itie day of the 
fisnatnre of the prefent treaty. 

East India Intflmcemce. 

The difpatches from India by the Swallow 
iloop contain nothing new. Lord Cornwal- 
lis has given a wcll-wriiten hiftory of tl>e 
late campaigs, the Ariking events of which 
were all puhlifhed Wy authority before. (See 
vol. LXI. p. 1 147.) 

This defe^l 15, however, in fome mcafnre 
fupplted by private imirlli^ciKe, w hich feenis 
to be of good authority. 
luttfrfr&m Madras tc n Gctf/ffn.in in Englantl, 
/•rmerly imphvtJ it tLit Fuf-hry, 

*' On the i6tii of [uly, the army marched 
towards Oufrurc, and arriving wit'im 5 mil's 
of it, major Gov\ die, with his hrig.Ve* was 
detaciied againll it. Them/tjor airivrd there 
about three in the evening, and in the morn- 
ing fent a party under licut. Mncleod, with 
% Hag of truce, to fummi n lite fort. At the 
inftant, an explofioa was obfcrvcd in the 
N. W. angle, and great numbers of people 
were feen moving off 'o the Southward, cir- 
cumftances which convinced major Gowdie 
that the fort was evacuatc:d. A detachment 
was ordered to take poOetlion of it, when it 
was f««und th^it the explwAon had been occa« 
fioned by the cntmy's fpringinga mine, by 
which ope of the fmefl halUons was ruit^eu. 
It is a pbce of much (^rtn^th, and, had Tip- 
^{km> been allowed to hnifh it, we llioutd have 
met with ne.i ly a^ mucii diAiculty in t tking 
it, as was experienced in the taking of Man- 
l^alore; five pieces of canon, fuaie military 
itores, and gram, were found in the 
fort. After blowing up the ballion<, 
t4ie enemy had laid a pim to blow up the 
whole as loon as our troo|^ fhould have ob- 
tairted polUflion of the garril'on ; but the man 
employed to put the m.itcii lo ihu tiain 
luckily took fright, and fired two of our bat- 
talions. Soii.uu of the \ illi^c pe )|>le faiJ, that 
there were three Hui ojiean otUccra conftticd 
there ; and thut two d.tys previous to ihj ar- 
rival of our ti(.o])s before the fort, they were, 
by Tippoo's ordiTS, put to death. 

** On thrt 17th, the whole of the army 
Cftcampcd before OMif.tre. Ca|>t. Welfh of 
the Kcngal volui)tcei> was ouieied to take 
the command of the for: ; and major Cow- 
die, with his brigade, was dcL.iChcd ag.nnft 
Koyacottah, where he .miv^d ..l>ui«t ten the 
(allowing morauii:. A Swhadar and a party 
of re|K>ys, wi:h a liag oi truue, was (ent to 
tlie foit, with an *>ltcr of ter.i'.s of capitnla- 
tton to the garriuin, v/lio icful'od to give tlic 
Subailar :idi>ii!i.4no»i, and, <. jnrr.n y to ilie law 
•f ua:icr.5, ftred clircv: iUots at J^ii.n, ij;ii witlir 
4 



>73 

out efledl. On the . 1 Sth, orders were re- 
ceived from lord ComwaUis, to get pofTef- 
fion of the Pettah, and every preparatioa 
was accordingly made. On the next mornings 
juft as Cbe day had begun to dawn, the major 
mn a fix-pounder up to the gate, and blew it 
o|)eQ ; and fucceeded iu the fame way .igainft 
the inner gate, when the party on the attack 
rufhed forward ro a fort on the. fide of the 
hill, and gained the foot of it with much dif- 
ficulty, by a very (leep afcent of about 509 
yards, in u hich tlie people were obliged to 
alfift each other. Here every moineiit be* 
came precious, and^the major feized the 0|v 
portnnity; he forced two gate-ways, and 
purfued the part of the enemy's garrifoa^ 
Rationed chere, nearly aooyardSt all the while 
afcendiog the hill by means of a rugged 
flight of Iteps ; when another gate-way pre- 
fented itfelf, and it being judged too difficult 
for .in attempt to force in, or indeed to reach 
it, tlie major ordered the troops to retiro 
under cover of the ports that liad been fe« 
cured. It wa<: at this pbce that the party 
fnllained its greatcft lofs. Enfign Crowe, 6t 
the corps of engineers, being extremely de* 
firous of afcertaining the exaA fituatioo of 
the gate-way and its defencer, did not pay 
a neceffary attention to the orden tliat wer» 
given for retiring, although twice repeated 
to him : he fell a facrifice to the impulfe of 
a generous ardour, and expired on the fpoC* 

" On the aid, major Gowdie liaviiig fre« 
quently and minutely reconnoitred the fwrt, 
and fati^fied himfelf that it might be carried, 
all the field -pieces of the brigatie were 
brought to hear upon different parts of it, 
and two of them uixm three of its gntes. A 
re-inforcement was fent from the grand ar- 
ny, of a battalion of fepoys under Capt. 
Chafe, and two twelve-pounders. After tl»e 
demolition of the enemy's defences, a general 
alTauIt was intended; a well-diredlcA fire 
foon anfwered the end propofed \ tlie enemy 
fled from their works with great precipitation, 
a white fl.ig was immediately thrown out 
from the walls, the capitulation was figneU 
at fix o'clock in the evening, wl en our troops 
were put into full pofTeflion of the fort, fcc 
Our Icifs at Royacottah was, one oDicer kill- 
ed, and two private Europeans, and fe-ven f»- 
|)oys uounded: only 3C0 bullock loads ot' 
rice, fome ])(>vwder, and » fmall proportion 
of military (\ores, were found in tlie fort. 

<< i forgot lo mention, when fpcaking of 
OufTore, that after tlie grand army arrived 
there, fome of the men fouHd calendars, 
journals, Uc. which nl.iiked the recent refi- 
dcnce of fome of tlie Hannibal man-oi-war'f 
people, particularly three of the names of 
Hamilton, J.inies VVallis, and Sadde. in one 
of the calendars there is this remark, " This 
is the biitli-day of the unfortunate Jamee 
VVallik, aged ^7 years." T!»eir ii"ons wcie 
in ilie Wiirkfhop, and hut newly ftmck oft. 

*• On the J 4th «jf July, tlie army was en- 
caiPped tieur ^eil Droog^ aboul 10 milec 

from 



176 



ItitiStginci from Ireland ^nd Scotland. 



[F«b. 



^itmiiy tmi dignity, and of their well-meant 
congratulations on the union of his royal 
fon with the Princefs royal of Pnifliia ; hut 
he could not concur in thai claufe which 
went to tliank his M ajtAy for the continu- 
ance of an adminiAi*ation whofe meafnres he 
had ever confidered as inimical to the inter- 
ells of this country. Here he entered! in de* 
tail on the various grievances of which the 
patricjts of Ireland had long complained 
%yithout redrefs, and concluded hy declaring 
his diflent to that part of the motion. 

The Cbmctilor of the ExcUquir, with much 
warmth» decried the accufations leveled by 
Mr. Grattan at the conduAof adminiftration, 
and confidered his charges on the prefent 
nigtit as a mere repetition of thofe invec- 
tives which adminiftration had fuftained in 
the laft and preceding feflions. He con- 
fidered them wholly unwarrantable. 

Sir Edward Nrumlam was forty to differ 
* from his r>ght hon. friend Mr. Grattan. On 
tlie prefent occafion, he wiihed the Houfe 
would be unanimous in votiig the addrefs, 
M the critical fituation of the country, and 
the growing temper of the times, rendered 
' k neceflary that the Parliament (hould mani- 
feft to the wliole kingdom their firmnefs 
to fupport the powers of Government, 
and maintain the principles of the Condi- 
lotion. 

Mr. Sheridan oppofed the fame claufe of 
the addrefsy and on the fame principles as 
Mr. Grattan. 

Mr. G. Pw/oniy would not have fpoken, 
but for fomething which had fallen from his 
friend the hon. baronet (fir Edward Newn- 
ham), refpediing ttie critical fituation ard 
feditious temper in this oountry : for his jiart, 
he knew of no fuch things. 

Sir H» Cmvtfidt/i threw out fome fevere 
•harges on the language of Mr. Grattan, 
which Mr. G. rebutted with pointed acumen. 

The addrcfs was at length carried without 
a diviiioH ; as was alfo an addrefs to the lord 
lieutenant for his fpeech from the throne. 

On the night of the late dorm, a veflel 
belonging to Melf. Ruffel and Anglam, of 
this place, fired fignals of difliefs off the 
the coad of the county of Cork ; and, in con- 
iequence of falfe lights kindled by the natives* 
■an upon the rocks, where Ihe was indantly 
daibed to pieces, and every creature in her 
|>eri(hed. ^ he bodies of the mader, and 6 
•f the crew, have been fw^nd ami interred ; 
and a foblcription entered into for tlie nume- 
rous relatives of the deceafed has, to the 
credit of Limerick, in the courfe of one day 
produced 150 guineas. 

A mine lately difcevered near Tralee, co. 
Kerry, promifes greatly to the three Mr. 
Maunfells and a Mr. G abbot, who have 
begun to work it. It runs in nearly a diredl 
line three quarters of a mile, from two to 
fnjr fatlHHns of the furfoce; and each ton of 
«n? iMspnxhced 15 cut, of Iciuiy aad 30 
»tiaces of filYcr/* 



Scotland. 

Jan. 24. The lords of feiTion delivered 
their opinions in the cafe of lord Daer a^aind 
tlie freeholders of tlie county of Wigton nrid 
dewartr)' of K irkciklbright. Lord D^er hnd 
been put upon the roll of freeholders of the 
ftewartry of KlrkcuJbrighL The determi- 
nation of the court on Tuefday w.is, that he 
had been improperly admitted there« 1 hey 
therefore orderetl him to be druck off the 
roll, and found him liable in expences. His 
lordfhlp had not been opon the roll of free- 
holders of the county of Wigion; and, by 
this decifion cannot now be admitted there. 

Jan. 26. At half pad 5 o'clock in the 
morning, a flafh of lightning came down the 
chimney into the portci 's room in Watfon's 
hofpical, with a noife which awakened the 
whole hcufe. The two doors of the mom 
were luckily open, one of which was forced 
through to the oppofite fule of the f»3me, 
and (hivered into fmall pieces ; ibme fmall 
aiticles wore driven out by the window, 
which was alfo open. The ^xjiter was in the 
room, but received no hurt. 

Feh, I. La(\ night between 9 and 10 o'clock, 
as Mr. Young, furgeon, wascroffing In* 
gram's dreet, Edinburgh, he was ac&oded 
by two men, who inquired if he was Mr. 
Young, the (iirgeon ; on being anfwercd in 
the afRrmative, they immediately feized him 
by the arms, and, telling him " they would 
do for him," one of them plunged a large 
knife into his fule, and immediately ran off. 

The weapon pcoetrateil feveral felds of a 
letter in the bread |H>ck«t of his coat, and 
entered his fide immediately under the lowed 
rib; the vv<rtind, prv)bably owing to the r»- 
fidance of the letter, is not dangerous. The 
darknefs of the night presented Mr. Young 
fi'om taking particular notice of the villains. 

The maRidrates, the phyficians, and fur- 
geons, and Mr Ynun;;, have ottered a re- 
ward of two hundred guir»eas for aj»pi chend- 
ing them. 

Mr. Gilbert Shearer, lately deceafed, hn<, 
among other legacies, beqiieattied acool. 
towards the eredbon of a Bri<iewell iit 
Glafgow. 



Port News. 

ChattaWf Feh, 17. This morning an in* 
qued was taken before John Simmons, efq. 
one of the coroners for the county of Kent, 
on the body o4 Bryan Cole<:, late a middiip- 
man on board the Mou.-urch man-of-war.—* 
Vcrd:6^, lunacy. 

It appeared in evidence, thiit the deceafed 
came in one of the London coaclies lad week 
to the widow Larkin's, who keep^ the 
King's-arms inn, in this pariih, where l»e 
remained under apparent didrefs of mind 
vntil his death. He h.id provided himfelf 
with powder and balls, uixler pretence of 
(hooting fea-Ibwl ; .inU on Weilnt-iday morn- 
ing, after break fading with Mi-s. Larktn't 
baiUyi \ieTiftu«d lo his clumber^ and ihoc 



«79«0 HISTORICAL CHROMlO^E. ijj 

Vmfttf thn>ugh the heart It Is fuppolM procured their filence, whetk the fiicriiw| 

tbet tie hehi the bui-emi of the pifHil, Wich feize^l the oppertunky to edjiMmL 

yff^tkh he perpetrated the horrid deed, to Next ilay the coannandant-general of Hit 

the wall, and the muszle to his brcAlt, m it PariTian^guard had offered to moant a g«M€ 

^mm found hroken otf at the Atick. 7kl^ of honour for the dcfonce of the AtSmMy, 

depth and width of the wotmd is :dmofl iR> which they aceepted j and, befiiles a guard if 

Credible to be made by a pifttjl ; levend of- caTalry, two pieces of cannon, with iightet 

fteen having decbred it ai brge as they have matches, have been placed bcfone the hall 

teen made by a cannon-hall of 18 pounds everfmce. 

weight. The -unfurtoiiace. young man was It is reported that the Queen cf rnndk 

bf his own account only iS years of age on has refolved to difpoie of ^ler jewch, to bis 

Sooday laA; and by a paper found in his applied in cafe of the exigenrtes of the ftatef 

pockeL of which the fuliowing is an exadt and that the king is C(dleA:ng all his piv 

«Dpy,orreipe6laMefMiiily: — ** Mrs. Larkin, perty in the fevcral palaces in the kingdom 

1 requeft you will inform Mr. Skiontr, that for the iame purpofe. 'lliefe r^ulutiorts 

1 hanre Ibot myfelf, and not make it pitblic ; have been productive of fome difcoveries of 

Wcewife let him know that 1 am the (on of a very curmw nature, which, if true, will 

Mr. Herbert Cole, furgeon, Ludlow, Shrop- be attended with coolequeoces not yet to bk 

Ibirey and brother lo lieut. Celc of the nui- fbrefecn. 

fffoosy wiio married his ftfter." ■» 

■ COUWTRY NtWI. 

HtSTOftiCAL Chkohicli. Mr. Williams, a mafon, of ths coatitf i$ 

On Friday the 27th of l>ectmber, 179?, GUmorgm, and a Welfti hard, fired with 

was prefeoted to the PrefiUent of the United the ncrHe fpirit of enterprise, is roeditatmig 

Stitet of America a filver-muunied box, an eaLpedition to North America, in feanli 

made of the celebrated oak that Ihchered fir of the oitkmy of his countrymen which (ailed 

Wm. Wallace, the Scottifli hero, after his thiiher widi Madog ap Owen Guynedd, a 

dkfeat It the b^le of Falkirk, about the be- prince of North Wales, who, aoooirdmg ■□» 

ginning f»f the i4ih century, by Edward I. oral tradition, landed on the banks of the 

This boot was a pi^rfent fei.t to the e«*l of Miflfirippi, in the year 1170, which Wat 

Bochao from the Goldfmitlis Company at 3x2 years previous to the difcovery of Anit* 

Xdiahurgh. That patriotic company afrer- nca by CeluivAnis. 

wardsy at his iordOiip's reqneft, gave him J^^fij* A terrible affray has taloeo place 

leave to prefent it to tlie Prthdeot, a^ above, betn^en Ibtrt carpenters of the ifland, and 

is more deiierving ot it than himielf, and tlie ftiur foldion of the id regiment, in the courfe 

only nun in the uurlJ to whom he thought uf which, William Ballet, one of the foi- 

k jeAly due. The box was delivei-et) by diers, waskdled. The court aiTmibleii, and 

Archilnild Robeitfon, a Scotch geiiikm.'m ordered ttie fix delintiuents lo be feized, aad 

Jnfl fettled m America, who, at ttie fame brought before them. 1 he three foMicrs 

tione, delivered ix later from his lordihip to < and one t^ the ifli;nders were found, 00 Cbe 

Che Prefulent, reined ing, th;ft At his decrirfe depoiition t'f their terjeant, ueahle to ^ppear^ 

he would confign it to tlie roan u'ho, in his on Account of tfie woiinds they hadrecetvel; 

opinioD, fhould belt deieive it of his coun* the t woother Jerfeynnrn were appreheoded*'* 



Fe^ 6. A s (ome ntffons were fulling do wo 
an old huuhe in HampAure, ch<^ foand cob- 
ceakd in ibe wall an iron%0K, with^atfL 
bank-ni.>teN in it, and 1 pair of large diamood 
rings. The laft perfon who 4ived in the 
boiile wa.s.an old Jew, anrf, as he had no re* 
h<tuio6, It is fuppofed lie was the perfon who 
put tin; box mio the watt. The Jew died 
the 2 8ih of Uft month, and albout a wedk 
before his death lie fent a Utter to a Mr* 
Maicer, of the fame county, tntorming imii 
he tliought he fboukl die foon, jind whatever 
Mr. M. a)uld find in his houfe, after Hit 
death, tie (hould Veep in remesnhiai|oe at 
him. It IS faid, Mi . M. pur|K>fes luing the 
mafons in confeqoence of tlie letters food him 
by the Jew, as Mr. M. thinks tlie abopvt fcis 
•properly. 

ii^. 16. About half paft four o'clook* the 



try. 

The infcriptkxi upon a filver plate, on the 
kifide ol tlie ltd, is aA foU6ws : ** Preiented 
'by Che Goldfmiths of Ldmhurgh, to D.ivfd 
Stuart Eiikine, earl of Bnclirm, ivttti the 
freedom of their corpuation, by their deA- 
COQ — A. D. 17S2." 

Fs^. 1 1* Aboiit an hour after the evening 
Ikting of tlie National Alienibly at Partfitook 
place, the guard of one of the doors of the 
gallery was iniulted, and loicetl hy tlK croud, 
who contended, ih;.t the conftittit.on lind 
all diftiiidiunf, and conivcraied 
I and tliat therefore they KuX an 
•qial rigltt Co be tliere, as any otiier penuii 
Who had occupied thoie (eat«> beft^re tliem. ' 

A member moved, th.it this dating infell 
fliauld be immediately taken into cunfidei a- 
tioo; but Cl>e mob beat down the ^tiard, 

overpowered Clie Ipeakers with gr<Mits and cf*tion mill belonging to Metf. Wells, 
Miles, and cai ried all before them, till fortn- field, and co. ^4 Shtffivid, was diCcoveced^^ 
Mlely a dq>utation from the municipal olh- be oti fire> wVi\c\it^e^ Vx^^vVaiCvvRiV'eaciQ^ 
mnel Ariiooa excited their cittiotitj, and fur), tUan &k«% t^WK i\«. 

II 



$1% DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. [Feb. 



* ^aading evwf afliftance, that noble edifice 
yrM levelled with the ptiund. Happily no 
Uvea were loft. Th* damage fuftained is 
'cftimsrited at 1 0,000 1. 

Fth. 1 7. If^trnttbf mar Oldham. A young 
nan was ailifted to inouot a reftive borfe ; 
and no ftioner Was he upon it» than the ani- 
inal ran backwards feverjQ yards till he got 
to the mouth of a coal-pit, and fell into it, 
^witbhis rider, 106 yards in depth! The 
horfo was dalhed to pieces, and the young 
liian*s thigh was terribly hniken : but he was 
OCherwife unhurt, and is likely to do welL 

Feh. 1 8* Abroit I o'clock in the morning, 
an alnrming'fire broke out on the Market- 
hill, Uttbam^toH^ which in a {hort time 
afUirely dtftroyed the l^oufe where it began, 
together with all the fumiturr. Sec and What 
is nioft Ihotking to relate, o«t of 9 people, 
who were in bed, only i (Henry Marriott, 
the landlord > efcaped the fury of the flumes. 
The &mily coniifted of ch ^ faid Henry Mar- 
riott, his wife, and c children, and a man 
lund his wife (lodgers) who only came the 
preceding evening. 1 he fire began in the 
cellai', where they had been brewing on 
Tburfday, and had cummunicnted to the 
room^ <>n the firft ftory, before it was dif- 
cnvered by the watch, who immeiiiately gave 
the alarm, but too late to (ave the unhappy 
^tiforers. 

On Saturday the i8th ind. the (hop of Mr. 
Stone, filverfmith and jeweller on Briftol- 
bridge, J9r^o/, was broke open, and robbed 
6f a prodigious quantity of pL>te, and other 
iraluable articles, among which were the fbl« 
lowing : 1 50 gold, ^ver, and metal watches, 
|o filver tankards, 9 cans, 14 filver dubbins, 
3 groft of (ea frxions, 4 dozen of table- 
i^Mons, 30 -dozen gold ring's, 25 pair of 
iiWer buckles, one large ol4*^ioned filver 
bowl, a quantity of large ^and fmall fugar 
callers, 3 dozen pair of knee hackles, i 
ilozen of filver Welftr cloins, 3 tuo-bandied 
cups, apd other articles; with all which the 
viliains found means to efcape. 

DdMKSTIC OCCUIRENCBS. 

fftdnefday 15. 
An order of council was iffaed, enjoining 
all the licmenants of the feveral counties of 
England and Wales, to deliver in annurdly to 
the clerks of ^il'ize, lills of all ^flicers ferv- 
ing in the militia, to ibe end tliac the fame 
be laid before the judges, to preve::t their 
keing nominated for iberifl^, from wluch 
ollkee aU mtlitb < fl&cers are exempt by law. 
Saturday i8. 
A new comedy, called The Ro4D to 
|luiK, was perfoi med for the firft time at 
the theatre in Covent*Gjnlen, the proilup- 
tipo of 4i4r. Holcroft. It was received w itli 
imcammon appUuie throughout. 
^ Monday 20. 

As lady Lanefboroagh was (Hnding by the 
Mtv^Ude, dreding f>r 4'i:mcr, a fpark flew 
bercloaths, and aittkoflt mllantly foC 
49 M biMzp0 ^cr UdyOup aad bar tisuighv 



ter lady Sophia's (hriisks brought up Mr. 
King and Mr. Butler, who immediately tried 
to fmother the flames, and tear her clouthf 
from her ; but the fire had fo generally com^ 
municated, that it was a confiderable time 
before it could be g<H under, and not till her 
arms and part of her fice were burnt. Her 
ladyfhip was immediately ;*ttended by feveral 
furgeons, and pronounced out of danger. 
Her daughter,, in attempting to a(Ti(^ hec, 
was very much burnt. Snrelyad:efs lefs 
inflammable for ladies, and equally becom- 
ing, might be contri cd for the winter^ than 
that by which fo many accidents daily 
happen. 

Shadrach Shaw, a clei k of the Bank, was 
indicted at the Old Ra ley ft>r a mifdenieanor 
in his office, found guilty, and lentenced to 
be tranfported for feven years. His cnme 
wa«, feUii-.g (lock, not being himfelf poC- 
feifed of any in the Bank. The Recorder 
enlarged on the beinoufnefs of the crime| 
which, he faid, called fur the fevereft pu- 
nifhmentthelaw could inflidL 
Wtdntjday ii. 

Sittings before Lord Kenyon, and a Specif 
Jury, Kings Bench. Wellminfter-h.ilL 
Duberly, £fq. a;. Gen. Gunning. 

This was an adtion to recover fatisfa^lion 
in damages, for criminai converfation with 
the plaintiff's wife. 

Mr. Erikine flated tliecafe to the jury 10 a 
moft powerful f J 'ccch. 

Mr Dnberly, he faid, was an eminent 
conira(flor and clothier for the army, a gen- 
tleman in the prime of life, handfome in his 
perfon, and of elegant manners, who, in 
the year 1788, had married U e daughter of 
a refpeiflahle magidrate of Middlefex, of 
the name uf H<iward, with Whom he had 
lived in perfrdt hai mony till he became ac- 
qiia.nted with the defendant in oKifcqnence 
of his being appointed colonel of the 56th 
regiment of fo<*t. The General, he under- 
ftoody was rather old and inftrm, much crip* 
pled with the goiit, and at a lime too when a 
circumdance relntirg to the General's own 
family began to be much the fubje<5t of public 
convetfation, fo th.it tiieie was no reafon to 
fufpetit his fctting np a> a lival in tne aff(r<j- 
tions of a lady I'o happily mairicd in point of 
fortune and atVetTlion. 

A contract for cluathing the regiment fooii 
brought on an intimacy between t'le General 
and Mr. Duberly ; ao'l the Gc-neral haviiig 
no houl'e in town, made Mr. X^uKerly's, in 
Soho fquare, occafionall/ his rcfidencc, whejre 
be w as treated as one of the family, wa^ fup- 
plied with money, of which he was fre- 
qiientlv in want; ^d, in Ihoit, received 
every indulgence confident with the dignity 
of tliat rigii\ virnu he had acquired by his 
treatment uf a wife.ind daughter, uf whopt 
had the repoit sheen true, they could only have 
been charged with youthful levity ; of fuch 
a m.ui it was im^CTible to fufpe^ that ex- 
treme q| proflA^ac^) 3ff\<\v>:i^\.WciVvo\<\ \q^« 



1792.] DOMESTICOCCUR.RENCES. ly^ 



teodereft part by conveying his wife off to 
France, where he lived wiih her in open 
defiance of the laws of his country. After 
thisdeuil, the counfel procceiied to prove 
laas. 

On the 25th of Sept. the defendant ilept 
at the plaintifTsy who was then about to un- 
dertake a journey to Bath. But having for- 
got fomething which occafioned his fudden 
return, when he arrived at his own houfe, 
he learned that his lady had Ukcn the ftage, 
and was gone into the amncry. He haftcned 
to follow her, aiul after two days fearch 
fcand her. She tolA him, by way of ac- 
coutiting for her abfence, that Mrs. Gardi- 
ner, of Hampton-Court, had over-perfuaded 
her :o go to the play at Richmond. The 
pkunttff inftantly rude to Hampton Court to 
fee Mrs. Gardiner, as he fufpc^cd this ftory. 
As he fufpcdled, fo it came out, and the 
adulterou6 fcenes were laid open. 

After Mrs. Gardiner's declaration) the 
learned counfel proceeded to produce other 
incontrovertible evidence of the guilt, both 
by oral and v\ ritten teftimony ; and the whole 
of the evidence being fubmjtted to the jury, 
they brought 4n a verdidt for the plaintiff- 
Damages 50001. 

A court of Directors was held at the India- 
houfe, when capt. Iven M'Millan, of the 
Valentine, bound to St. Helena, Bengal, and 
Bencoolen, capt. Philip Duudas, of the Mel- 
ville Cadle, to Madras and Bengal; and 
capt. Jofeph Dorin, of the Duke of Mon- 
trofe, to Bombay diredl, took leave of the 
court, previous to departing for their rcfpcc- 
tive dedinations. 

Captains Juftinian Nutt, and George Dun- 
das, attended at tlie India-houfe, and were 
fivom to the command oi the Thetis and 
VViorenon. 

Tbur/iity 43. 
Information being laid before fir Lawrence 
Cox, the fitting ro.igiftrate at tlie Rotation- 
ofhce,in Liichfield-ltreet, that acombmation 
hfld taken place amons the journeymen (hoe- 
makers, for the railing of their wages is. on 
the making of a pair of boots, and 6d. on 
each pair of (hoes; fir Lawrence ilfued out 
170 warrants for apprehending the patties 
concerned, 2 1 of whom were brought be- 
fore the right hon. vifcount Gal way, fir L. 
Cox, and Mr. Shepherd, yefterday morning, 
at the above office; the rejort of which 
liaving fpread over the town, a multitude of 
IhoemakerSy &c. in number upwards of 1000, 
aflSerobled in Lilckfi<ld-(lrett, in a riotous 
manner i on account of which vifcount Gal- 
way went to St. James's, where he reported 
the (amc to the Kiwg ; his Majefty ordered 
that a fuflficieiit number of horfe and foot 
foldiers ihould be fent to prevent any in:er- 
mpcion, and that the battaliua on guard 
Ihaiild h(^ tliemfelves in readinefs, in cafe 
of lining wanteds by which oiders a troop 
oC borfc-guards and a company of foot went 
to t|^ relief of 0e M»gi(irate9s oa appear- 
oiwbom, tbcmob difpcrfi^f^imi ttm 



at prifoners, and one man who bebired 
oitrageotTlly, were Committed to Newgate 
for 6 weelis, under a itrdng guard. 

1 he I rejndioe of many people againft Dog% 
the moft faithful friend of man, we are forrjT 
^^ ^*> » growi more and more prevalent every 
day, owing to the fidfe notion, that every 
bile of a flrange dog muft produce canine 
madnefs. That th-re is fome ground forthtt " 
general npinihn cannot be detued, ahdth^ 
t(H> much care cannot be uken is hkewifo ' 
highly commendable ; but that a whole race 
of ufeful animals Ihould be llaughteied, froni 
a miftaken zeal, is equally cruel and inhu* 
man. A late occurrence in the papers gave 
rife to this remark ; a boy bit in the thumb 
by a dog was lately fent to the Infirmary aC 
Oxford, in a high (late of deUrium, Frem 
the circumftance of his being bitten, the ru- 
mour was inftanily fpread, that his diforder 
was the Hydrophobia; the faculty, however^ 
knew to the contrary from the fymptorasy 
and when the lad died bis head was opened, 
and. upon examination, the brain and its co« 
verings were fotmd in a high (Ute of inflam- 
mation, with a fmall quantity of water un- 
der one of the membranes, which was the 
caufe of his death. V pon enquiry it was di(* 
covered, that another lad and he ha^ hottx ' 
running their heads together. 

Sketch of Political Affairs Mfoad, Vc. 

Two events 'lave taken place fince our Ia(t . 
publication, which may be produdlive of very 
important confequences, though the reCnIC 
cannot yet be forefeen; i. the opening the 
Swedilh Diet hy the King in perfon; tlie 
other, the difmiffion of the crown Mar(haf 
Rezewufky, and the crown Field Artillery 
mafttr Patocki, the two great enemies to the 
Polifh revolution, who aie both declared by 
the King, with the confent of the Diet, to 
have forfeited the dignities they were hithei^ 
to invefled with ; and tlieir places to be filled 
with o^her proper perfons. A decree of the 
Polifh Diet paffed for this purppfe on the 
iyth day of January la(t, the very day oa 
which the $wede(h Diet was opened at Gefle. 
It is faid, that great pains bad been taken by 
the Court Party to prevent the attendance o£ 
members} not with (landing which there 
were of the ift order 118, of the ad order 
1 10, and of the 3d order 187. His Ma- 
jelty's fpeech was much admired. It opened 
with a moll lamentable detail of the didrelfef 
of Sweden when his Majedy came to the 
throne; wn rapidly through the principal 
ei^eiits of hi:i reign^ his wars, and his fuc* 
ceiTes, afcribing much of the glory of the 
latter to tlis own merit; and concluding at ' 
la(t with d^fc'.iring the motive ot hi> calimg 
the peo| le together, to lay before them the 
iUte of the hnances, ami the necuility there 
was of mauitaining the credit of the ftate. 
Some murmuring was heard among the mul- 
titude, and fome oppofition ^iv«a \a Vv>a >^^.• 
ie(\y's recotnmecvd«(\oii V<l\iaX tCi« «cA xta) 
)»ei» impauftOKX^ eftSjftfikiA* 



■to 



Ufl if Sbtnfi.—lj>at Chttiit eftht Judgtu 
SHERIFFS tpf»i,i.d i,_ ;.'. Msjcfty « C-u.- 
dl,futheyf„r 1791. 



[Feb. 



RiiilanA^i't. |aTna1'ipI9fc.nf!(raiuifton,cf^ 
Sbaifjkin, 1 honui Comi'lDn, o( Hopun- 

Stma/tlfiiif. Thnmu Siniuet JuUib, ol 

Kilmerftlon, efi). 
Stt/faai/Hir, Simon Dehink, of Lecke, efq. 
Sa^tli. AleK^niler Ailait, of FlixlnD, ifij. 
Cuufr i^ Sauimmfio,. Thomai Rubiu, ikf 



St^ifiin. jRhnBla3rave,(JCiIcoi-plice,e(q. 
BiJftn(/Hri. Sir Juho BsclunnHi RidileU, 

of Sundon, bui. 
Su<t[. WiUii.ni Pif CM, of Podiloilhall, edi- 
C-mitrlanJ. ti»i!.\d\\iS^\,a[ Djicmiin^ tU\. 
Cb^'t. Thomas CliolniomkJey, ol Valc- 

Bo)al, efq. 
CaMdiDiHwu, RichirJCrcavi;aTowii;B)t, 

of FoUHinu, eCti 
S^vijt,r,. Etlwaid Cotsibrd, of C1)il St. 

Mary, eft]. 
Di'fitjtin. PaApoitCil. 
DAyjtin. Hugh SMcniaoi ot IlmiBeloit' 

ImII, cCq. 
7#r. Zichiirtih Rulton, of Siiffwil, <!'<). 
Oituaprfii-e. JohnEmbm7,of r»ininB,ef(j. 
hvHrii^hi. James Bwitdutt', of Linls 

I .^[iLluUDpAlUlli efn. aavTH xalls. 

lbrijt«{jtirt. Rithofd Chimben, of Wliit- C.rr-^vr^. Georgs Mnrgin, of Aberc» 
banw, efq. ihy, tfq. 

.Kit- HCD17 ScicatSeld, of Chkldingfinne, Pnn6rtle. J. Macthiaii of I.langwarrcn, efq. 
efq. r^rJif^n, W.Lewk,ofLlaiiiien:h.iipn.cfa. 

ttitifittfiiin. Ricbanl Spooncr J:i(|ui^ of " 

Ijimimjiiu. Vliriftofhct Ntvitlr, of Wcl- 

.ItpsnTB, et'V 
M«iH«4^''i. DaviJ Tumar, of Men' 

Riaulh, efq. 
UrthankirlaMd. Ralph WiUum Gray, of C<" 

Backwocili. el<|. 
KttlLmpio'fii': Samuel RtiilB*> of T^ta- 

far, etii. _ „ ^ _. 

.Kr/^h AitfluHif lUmnKNid, of Weft. Ihdi^gb. Th.imu Junei, of Uanliiilli 

Acre, efq. Fliu. Edw.Mcirfan, of Giiklen Groi 

iiAtiigbamJhiH. Eilw-wd ThorotOB GiMild, SHhViAVf affti^urd iy bit Rtyai Hifimfi, lit 

of M»i>[uld-WoodlwiirE, clq. Prince of Wa)» in dwci/,/)' rif ]^ 1 '-- - 

»),f<"^i'i- ThoBiai. WiUeli, *i( Ctrei'- C««r) 5^ &. 

Ibun, vtt\. Jrta. Biii- 



SwKy. Wto. Wn~>inffc,srpuyle-|iirk,erq. 
S^n. Ei'muDd Woods, of Shopwick. efq. 
irartviLJ^ht. Jafii])b OuKlitw, of Sonoa- 

CnMfteU, tfq. 
WvarJhrJhlH. naenvnwdfarkliurit.of Rip- 

miifi'-*- Malthew Humphreys, of Chip. 



rfgaa. Jtdui L««>«Uja, ol YDiiyger- 
gwii, efq. 
Btnm. W. Mc>rE»n Jmncs, nf Pjyil-haU, el^ 
^aitsr-, John Lewi;, of HirptUD, elq. 

NnslH W*I.«I. 
^gbfia. Hugh Price of Wem, efq. 

KJvB. Kloyd, of I y-nuHT, efq, 
Edward Corbel, of Unyfmwii 
Gwyn, eft]. 
MaMgmay Rc*.aiftor,<if Aberbechsn.efq. 





CIRCUITS 


ar TH 


J U D 


E S. 




LENT 

CIRCUIT. 

179*- 


NoRPOLK.WaSTlKN. OlFOKD. HOMI. MlDLASD. NDITIItltll| 


ULougUn' 

.AJhhBrft. 


B. PerTyo. 
J. Heart. 


J.Wiiro.1. J.GouW. lL.C.B.Eyre;L.Kenyon. 
J. Grale. B. Hoihim-js. Tlwrnfonj J. Bdler 


th. Marsh i 
teurday 3 
Uooday J 












Ayleibuiy 








) 






Ch^nsbcd 


Nortlumpt.';-^ 








V«d..prd. 7 

PC! 














Bedford 


























Sriidwrr 


WorcAChy 




Line. & City 


Lmcafter 














rhur£L I J 
Prid>r 16 
iauniay .7 
Uondiiy 19 
Wednefil. 1 
tburfd. . 
Satunhr •< 

«:* 


























rbetbrd . 


























€.Grin(tead 
Kirsfton 


Derby 


FoASiCiti 


Bary Si. Ed 


D 









Ltk.ftBo. 


„___ 




Launcltoj . ,. 




n-3^^ 






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i '■ lTai»,tnn 1 1 




- 



179^*1 Birtis and Manlagis tf ttnfidtrthl* Ptrftn$t 



lit 



▼oL LX(. p A.correfpondent fays, 

^ Yon record the death of Mi-s. Golding; of 
StockweU, Surrey, aged 8 ^ ; but perhaps do 
not recuUv^ that this lady was one of the 
many, and piincipal perfon* in the aHair 
which maile fo much noife in 17729 when 
fucK ei^traordinary occurrences happened, 
Mitd niiremittinglvy for nenr 24 hours, th it 
were fufficicnt to ftoggcr the moft incredu- 
!«1ts. 1 h.i\'e one of the pamphlets which 
were pohlilhed at the time, and am equal- 
ly a ftranger to the caufes at prefent as 
I was at that moment. It was called 
*«The StockweU Narrative," from which 
was formed a £arce, repeatedly reprefented 
St Covent-garden theatre. That the circum- 
ilances really happened, I can aifure you for 
a certainty, as 1 have known for many years, 
and prior to the traafa^ion, all the parties, 
and have by roe the original copy, figned by 
Mary Golding, John Pain, Mary Pain, Ri- 
chard Fowler, Sarah Fowler, Mary Martin, 
in their own hand-writing, Co which I was 
wknefe." 

P. 1294. The lad daufe in the article of 
Mr. T. Rumhold (relative to Mi*s. Righy), 
we find, on further enquiry, to be unfounded. 
VoL LXII. p. 88, col. 2, 1. 9, for « Lady 
.P— Trave," r. '« Lady Mary Fane" 

11>id. L 19. Mi's. Nicolls, who died at 
Chri(ln\as lail, at Manadon, was the wife of 
tbb Rev. Mr. N.of Scnlbury, co. Gloucef^er, 
aikd one of the daughters of the late John 
livefay, efq. of Henwick-hall, co. Kedford, 
by Elizabeth third daughter bf'Sir Sc' An- 
diiew St. John, gteat-grandfatlier of the lath 
sad prefent Lfird Sc John of Bletfne. 

P. 93. R, P. fays, •« The Biibop of Norwich 
was originally of Univcrfity College, where 
he took the degree of B A. ; but was eledcd 
fellow of Magdalen in 1750; proceeded M.A. 
1752, B. D. 1759, and D. D. 1764. He was 
aHb pro^or in 1758. To the lill of his 
workj may he added, "A Lett tr to 'Adam 
• Smitb, LL.D. &c. 1784," i2mo.; ** Lettei-s 
•n fnAdebty, 1784/' i2mo. { << A Letter to 
Dr. Prieftley, &c. 1787," iimo ; « Obfcr- 
fiirvations on the Cafe of the Proteftant Dif- 
Unterf, Jec. T790," 8vo. ; and the papers 
narked Z. in *<Ona Podrida:" ail which, 
though publi(hetl without his name, were 
well known to have come from ** the plea- 
fant pen of the Dean of Canicrhury." A 
€?harge to the Clergy of his Diocefe, intended 
to have been delivered at his primary vifita- 
tlon, had health permittee*, has alfo been 
' Ixelf given to the publxHc. We a-e likewife 
tnid by Mr. Bofwell, in his •* Life of Dr. 
Jabnion,** tint Dr. Home once entenaiued 
ihooghts of reprinting Walton's " Lives," 
with notes and illudraiioMS; but laid that 
illtetiiion afnle, on being informed by John- 
ion, though erroneoully, that Lord Hales 
Was engaged in tlie fame deign." 



BlETiit. 

TSeett-iown) the laritf «! dpi. 
Mackaji a fuo« 



51. At his.houfe in Leiccftcr-fieMs, tfie 
Lady of J. Anftmther, efq. a ft ill-bom clnld* 

iafeiy, at Kdinburgh, Mrs. Waucluipe, oC 
Niddry, a fon. 

Lady of Georg^EfKvard Stanley, eiq. of 
Ponfonby^hall, a daughter. 

Feb. 2. Lady of Major Metcalfe, one of t]^ 
directors of the E.JIndia Company, a daugfi, 

4. In Old Burlington- Aa'eet, the Countd& 
of Winterton, a fon. 

5. At bis houfeat Clerk-* ill, the Lady^ 
James Whajley, efq a daughter. 

Marchioncfs of Worceiter, a fon aiid heir* 

6. In Hertford- (Ireet, May-fair, Lady gC 
J. P. Boileau, efq. a daughter. 

7. At Wareham, the Lady of M^or B9I- 
lafis, a fon. 

9. Lady of S.troael Thornton, efq. M. P, 
for Hull, a fon. , 

At her houfe in Oxford -Areet, Ladyr Q41- 
roline Campbell, a fon. « 

At Appleby, of a daughter, the Lady of tha 
Rev, Mr. Sprowlc, vicar of Appleby. 

t6. At his hiHiie in York, the Lady of 
Gilbert Crompton, efq. a f( n. 

17. At her houfe in the Admiralty, Char- 
ing-crofs, Hon. Mrs Tounfhend, adauglK 

At Stocken-hall, Rutland, Lady Augufhi 
Lowlhcr, a daughter. 

2 I. Lady of Jolin Williams, efq. of L^ 
cefter-fqu re. a daugliter. 

24. 1 he Lady of Henry Speed, elji;|. M.P. 
for Huntingdon, a fon and heir. 

25. At his Lord(hip*s houfe, in Aiid|ey«^ 
fqaire, (lie Cott[itefs of Aylesford^ a £011. 



Marriages. 



1791- 




AT Dum Dum, near Calcutta, ai 
the Er.ft Indies, Henry Grace, 
efq. captaai u\ the Bengal artillery, and m^u^ 
of brignde, to MiCs Daniell, daughter of Mr. 
D. of eant/rbury. 

1792. yaft. 2.3. Rob. Rcid, efq. of Ad:iiii- 
ton,:o M.t's Barbara M acred jc, fecoi:d dang|i. 
of Wm. M. elq. of Pertletown, in Ayrfhirs. 

28. Ac Churchfloke, co. Montj^omery, . 
John Edwards, efq. of M?.ckyn!eih, to M'^l^ 
Catjierine Browr, eld«f\ daughter of Tho. &• 
«^fq. of Mellington, in the fame county. 

30. Sir Andrew M'Ltan, bart. co Mn* 
Willoughhy, a widow lady. 

31. Mr. Fra cis ColTum, draper, of Hsdtm 
ingc, Siifftx, ti) Mifs Devas,of Maidenhead. 

Mr. John Brenchly, bankei*, to Mifs Mar« 
tha Spong, of Maid (lone. 

Mr. Jonathan Bacoti, fecretary tothi I>eaui 
of Uncoln, to Mifs Eliz. Wray, of iiulL 

LateJji, at CUfgow, Mr. John Smitb, lat« 
of Hanover pdrilh, Jamaica, to Mif^ Jeani^ 
Brown, d^u. of the late Mr. Wm. B. glovcr. 

At Portfmouth, Mr. Cockrane, aged 9C9 
to Mifs Wrightfon, aged x6. 

At tlic (eat of Waiter Mr.hon, efq. at A- 
th'^nry, in Irelan*!, N icliolas French, efq. to 
Mifs Marv M.iyoe^ late of Clona. 

At Market Raifiii, co. Lincolni Capuii^ 
Clarkei to Mi& £. EUls, 



Marriages and Dtaihs ef tonfiiirahk Ftrfoia. 



At lAd^ngtm, eo. NiT^hamptnn, Mr. 
Brown, of Skaffingion, 'o MJi Anno Divis. 

Al rbunilcttoiii CD. Moray, in Scmbad, 
JlIDU C'ull, cfq. M. D. of Alhgiuvs, [□ 
Mi(> Dunbar. oa\<i tlaughier of [ho \ae hit 
Abx. D iMii- of NonlinelJ. 

At Plymouth, Mr. Juho Hodge, aeed 6", 
%3nacr\i an eminent UUow-cliwiiller, but 
bulrctiicd (rom biifined, in Mib MitetieN, 
aged ig, ilaiighler oE Mr. M. rchnolmaltcr. 

FiL. I. Rev. Rob. Moim, of Windfur, to 
Mib Baker, eUeft dau. of late Rc7. Tlia. B. 

1. At Ponfmoinh. Csjh. Rob. Llum, of 
the rofal nnvj, to Mid Cram, dmslitei- oi 
Ihd btc Jolin G. erq. ol that ' 



ol Worcefter. 

e. At St Uutin in the FiaMi, Mr. Tlio. 
HolUms.to Mn. Ba1l,Uteof Hami-fleid. 

g. John Fife, riij. of Fiimivil's-inn, to 
Mifs Anne Duivning,orHonKrlon. 

f . Sieplien Maitln Leiike, cfq. of Harpur- 
■itreet, lo Uifs Goudwyn, of Gr. Oi.nonil-flr. 

13. Mr. Jones, pnfi-nuillerof Fiome, iu 
MttHerben. 

■ «. Wm. Cnuon, efq. of (he Cuftom- 
iMufe, In lyiifv Savery, of L.imheth. 

ifi. Mr. BiHt, jun. uf huiid fticet, to Mift 
WogOon, uFihe Hay- market. 

I7> Al K'Ktli'gliam, Mr. ChmchiU, of 
Shcepl^Ei'', Iu Vlifi Smith, of Nottiugham- 

■ ig. Mr. Jofeph ViaUlo, roeiclimi, of Brif- 
■ol, to Mifi ?•'!«, djugMei of AniJreiv P. 
^q. late uliternun <>< llui Eitjr. 

ic. K. Firke, cl<|. tu Mifs Coleman, both 
af Hi(h»onh, *\ itu. 

■ 1. Oiltur WelUm, efq. to Mifs Vkkery, 
of Crown-l'rbet, St. James's. 

If. Mr. Wm. Coulttwid, of Wellhain- 
Abcy.EIIeX; lb Mif> Hendcif.ui.iif Cornbill. 

1} V\ m. Cee, efi|. of Poitlaiul-flreel, to 
UiltAniiaFa(loiiOoiild,i)ieceto$lrCha.G. 
' 14. Samiiel SudL'tnglun, efq. M'eft Inilia 
inerchanl, uf Mark-Unc, to Mifs Alhbui'iier, 

cnlj daugliWi' of . Alhbuincr, efq. late 

of the cuuncU ^id now warelKiufe-kceiwr at 
Bombay- Immediately after tlic nuptiali 
bey fet off lur Pari). 



•oly fan of ^ir Michael B. 

10. At Hew York, in liij lid year, Jolin 
Cruger, efq wu m:<ny yeari fpeakei irf tb« 
AfTcmbl), and mayor of that city. 

I7fi. Ja». ... At UoulogtM, Rev. Lilly 
Bullcr, M.A. vicar of Wilham, to. Elfexi to 
which he wai ]'i«tentad iu 1761, by the 
CiwHO. He wuadmilledalClare-lall,Cam' 
bidee, where be praceeiltd B A. 1754, 
M.A.I1S7. Hehadihelivniiof Wooctoa.ia 
Buckir'ghiimlhirs. wlucli inlroiL<ii.cd him to 
the acqi'«inUnce uf the ManiuitoF Bucking- 
bam, whotookhim wiih him a cliaj^in 
Wb» ba WM iionl iitu ic uau l of InUod, 



fFeK 



and procured nn exchange of hil prefennentt 
in England with af«n nrihebilhnp of OavtOf 
and afterwards an IrlFli nrchdnicunr)'. 

At Enfield- Mghwsy, Mr. Kewel Ccnnop, 
lbriii«rly a far-ner, father o( Mr. C. furjenn 
at Edmonton, and brother Id Mr. — C. wbo 
died Feb. 10, 1791. 

At Tottenham, Mr& Fr^, widow of Mr. 
P. of bnlield 

^ At hi> honfe in Motitgomery county, 
NoKh Amorica, llw Hon- Peter Schuyler, 
(enalor for the Weftem diftii^ of New 
York, and number of the council of Ap- 
pointmeiir,and uncle to Capt. S. commander 
of one oE the North American pa:kelS. 

6. At Kenlingion, of a deep decline, agftd 
15, Mifi Broolu, eldell oauj^luet of Mrs. B. 
of that place. 

11- AtCopenliagen, unirerfallyregrettedt 
lbs Danilh Rear-admnal Grotlcliilling. 

14. At Workington, Cumhsl^d, in hit 
6)th year, greatlv bmeiued, llie Rev, Wil. 
Iiam-Thomas AddifL-n, who h*J been rec- 
tor of that valuable living upwjids of forty 
yaaii. Originall)' hrcd lu the law, Mr. A. 
perhaps alu'avs Idt a predilefl on for I hat 
prnfiniiin, in which be wai |in>(oiuidl|r 
fkilled, and ever ready to alfill ihcie wbo 
flood in TMted of advice- In the clerical func- . 
lian, hil condufl waifuch asi(i|>i'ocure him 
Qliiverfal efleem. His tliaiadler was fo 
deeply fixed in the gooJ o^iinion of hit pa- 
riiliionen, that bit acceptance of the office 
of guardian ro Ihe nrphan wa< ilcemed a 
lupi'iiii:(i and conlulalicn by the dying pa> 
rent 1 and the intef^rityofhit cundutl inltiat 
capacity is befl kn.nvn to thai* who, in the 
early iicriod of their lives, had the benefit 
oF his truly pjieiilal care and attention [ anil 
who, after a lapfe of |o ycais, ftill revere 
his memory, and, t<igalhi:r Hitlihisniimemul 
friends, now Giicerel)' nioiiin his lols. Mr. 
A. was collaterally defccnded rmm the fame 
f.uiiily as tlic cslcbrawd writer of that n^ime. 
ij. Al Oxfoiil, i,r a dtep decline, Mtfi 
Walker, fiflertn ihc wife uf Mr. Lock, fua 
of the iirefenl msyor. 

, 16. At Mr. Pemberton's, at Trumpington, 
near C.imbridge, Thomas VVatfon Ward, efq. 
lientii^aiil-cjlooel of tiM CambridgeHiiie 

II. At Aiieht$fariiale, co. Lanark, aged 
103, Archibald Kilbet. He was bom Sept. 
1, 16891 was a g.irdencr there forthelaft. 
69 years ; and reianieJ his faculties entire. ■ 

11. At his feat in the county of Forfjr, 
Scotland, tite Rig^lit Hon. Ceoi-ge Carncgji,, 
Earl of Northelk, and Lord Rofthill, admi- 
ral of Ihe White fquadron. His Jordlbip 
married Anne, daujliter lo the Earl of Le- 
ven, by whom, uho died in 1779, he had 
illuc David, the lala Lord Rofehill, born 
175J, and did in Erancii, March 178S i 
William, Ihe prcfent Lord Rofchill, a cap- 
tain of tlie Navv, H lio married Jan. 17891 
Mifs Biekeils, daHghler of Henry R. efq. •■ 

of LongwaadtUaoui £lizabab, nurriedin 
Atfuft 



J7q2.] Obituary of conJidiraHi Pirfins ; tvtth Bhgr^tphual AnnSUs. 183 

^iiiguft 17769 to James Lord Hope» Xui of B. waB about 15 years of age, and bftiSe a 

the bad of Uopeioui^ moft excellent chara^er. He had put ill 

24 At WaUhamftow, in his 5 ^d year, after his inveftments on board the ihip preparatorf 
a (bort illnefs, contrafted by cold taken in to his proceeding on the voyage, and tnok 
|ookii>g after h($ witrkraen, Wm, Couke» leave of his fidtr on the 27th, inoniertoft* 
efq. formerlv a Turkey mtrchanc, one of tlie on board the ihip, but did not go farther 
idire<5tprsof UieH^ink i>f EuslanJ. H( mar- than Billingfgate. 

]ricd Mifs Evans, dawght. r of the Rev. Mr E. At his fea' at Qnenby-haU, nearLeicefter^ 

jprebcndary of VVorccftcr, and nicoe to the after having langmfhed for fome years in 4 

ladjF wIk) inherited the refiUue of 'V. He- ftaie of debility, occafioned by paral',titt 

theiington's fortune, and by her he has^ left ftrokes, Shugburgh Afhby, cfq. M. P. kk 

two fens and two ilaughtews. tMe borough »)f Leicefler 1 780— 84, Thisgen- 

25 At HouBht«)n-lc- Spring, co. Darharoy tlemaii has left a widow and two datighren^ 
Mrs. Hutton, mother of the Rev. Jolin H. in the cldeft of whom is marrteit to Sir Thos. 
Ihe commit l^on of peace, and a deputy-lieu- Aprcece, the fecond to Mr. Lathiam, an -eW 



tenant of thnt county. 

At Richmond, Surrey, Jonathan Dove- 
ton, efq. 

In CaiitrrHury-fq Somhwark, aged 77, 
Mrs. Hannah Page, reliftof Mr. Richard P. 
late of the Koomsh, hop- merchant. 

Aged 72 ye^rs (4b of which he had been 
curate of Thornt iwaitc, near Kcfwick), 
the Rev. Thomas Addifon ; a gentleman 
very eminent for his mathem.itical acquire- 
ments, and equally rei(>e<5^e4l in liis neigh- 
bourhcKKt as a divme, a phyfician, and a 
lawyer. The fervices he rendered to the 
circle of his acqaaincance (too coutr;i£led for 



minvnt furgcon of FUliani. 

At Windfor, M.fs Penelope Cheihyre, fij-' 
cond daughter ;o the late John C. cfq. an4 
fitter to the Countefs of Kauconberg. 

At Eilii^burgh, Lady Dunbar, relid of Sir 
James D ban of Mochmm. 

19. InVlill ftr. Berkeley ;q. Henry- Ar- 
thur FcUowes, efq. bi other to Wm.F. tt\, 
M. P. for Andover, and to the prefent Coun* 
tefs of Portfmouth. 

At Rochefter, Mrs. Ayre«, widow of Vf^m 
TViomas A. many years inaf^er of the Crowta 
inn tliere, and alfo pott matter of that city. 

In his iitt year, Mr. Thoroiis Porter^ th* 



a peifon of hiS endowments) will be long re- oldett matter in the royal navy. 



mernbercd with gratitude. His income nev^r 
exceeded 2c/. fer ann.\ yet from that, and 
fome advantages derived from a iimation 
which (it is pbin) could not atford much, 
he has dieil podeiled of more ttian 800/. 
AVhile this affords a ttriking intt inoe of Che 
cfktl of GB onomy in an individual, it fur- 
nifhe:> a trtte anecdote, not unworthy the no- 
tice of thoic who culled every f|>ecies of in- 
6}rniation refpedling the falhionable Tour tf 
$be Lahu 

26. Mr. Samuel Hall, of Frederick's place. 
Old Jewiy. 

At Ahetford, Hants, in a very advanced 



At Bath, John Palmer, efq. elddl ibn.V 
John Ackland, efq. of Fairfield. 

30. At Wootton BafT^, Wilts/ aged 75, 
Mr. John Eacott, mayor of that borough. 

Mott traly lamented, as (he had lived mofl 
defervedly beloved by her friends, MrkWeU 
Imgion, wife of Rich. W efq. of Hay-cattk, 
CO. Hereford, and late widow of Chrittoplier 
Harris, efq. of Haine, co. Devon. 

31'. At Edinburgh, Sir Alex. Hay, bart. 
knight of the military order of St. George^ 
and a colonel in the Ruffian fervice. ' 

Suddenly, at the Adam and Eve pubric- 
houfe in Lincoln, Mr. Roberts, of Branlby, 



age, Harry Harmtuid, efq. in the commif- formerly an officer in the North Lincolnihite 

fion of the peace for that county, and mef- militia. He had that day come to town on 

fenger to the Lord c hancellor. bufmefs as well as ufiia! ; fell from hfs chair. 

At Sunderland, in his 87th year, W. it is fup|K)fed, in a 6t of apoplexy, and ex- 

Goocli, efq- upwards of 30 years comptroller pired immediately, 
of the cuftoms at that port. Lately ^ at Toumay, of an apoplexy, M« 

Mr. Tliomas HaUftone, of Bury, and late Sc-gmer, advocate- general of the late Parlia^ 



pf Peter-houfe college, Cambndse. 

27. At his lioufe, in VVett .Mailing, Kent, 
aged 82, Jofeph Br<x)ke, cfq 

At Efifonb aged 96, Mis. Kclliam, reli£l 
of Mr. K. formerly of Thames ftr. mercht. 

28. ^'r. WJUiam Bont^ft, captain's ttew- 
ard of the Europa Eaft lni!i.-.m.in. He (Lot 
himfelf about fix o'clock in the evening in a 
hacKney-coath, in H.irt ttrcct, Bloomlbury. 
On the 3':th, .in inquililinn was taken helore 
the conuier, at the commitree-roo/ii belong- 
ing lo Sr. Giles's workhoufe; when it :m>- 
neanng 'h.it fome days previou"^ to his com- 
mitting this ralb ad, his mind h.n! been m;:th 
|kr>msed, and his behaviour ve; y mconfiltent, 
|i)C jory brought in the verdii^l Lunacy. >fr. 



mcnt of Paris. Though the greateft enennlf 
to French liberty, we cannot refufe to place 
him u{M)n a leve4 with the firtt man in 
France. His lofs mutt be feverely felt by 
tt^e emigrant princes, as he was capable of 
renitenng them the mott effential fervicet 
from his great genius and political knowledge* 
At Plymouth, agetl 70, Mrs. Mary Hay* 
don, after a lins;ering illnefs, wh ch flbte 
fiil^aine I with Cite fortjtu<!e and refignatioa 
of a C'lril^ian. She was wiilow of the latv 
Mr. Rob. H. bookfeller, and mother of the 
prrf«;nt Mr. B. R. H. honkfellerttnd printer 
at tliis port to his RuE.al Ilighnefst lie Duke 
of Clarence, which profeiKons have bren 
pariied oa ftr near half a cwG^^sri vi'^ii^^A- 



tS4 OiiiM^^anJUA'4tJiPirfimi unihtidgt^pii (F^b. 



lemd rBfHKation anU fuecefs.' Mrs. H. was 
i^'mtuSt cxoetttnt CMithcTy a Bcaloos friend, 
JO ^Btertaininf con^fMnion, a woman of 
• great refolmion of a moil mctenfive me^ 
■iQr7» wbicU flie re!ained to i^ie Uft momeitt 
W her life. She was tbe laithltil and brief 
chronicle oF the patt and p|«fent times, asd 
cotiKd relate ftnries tif fifty years pad with 
the moft accurate fidelity; an^is fmcerely 
laoietttfid hf \\tr reiMtions and a numeroas 
Ii!^ of refpe^ftable acquaintance. 

Ac^rminghara, Mr.johiiSkynnyfbrmerly 
^•linnctpal traJeiinaii in the town of White- 
liavenf a perfon of a focia* and friendly 
dSfpofition ; iinfoitunacC|but of unimpeached 
intefriiy ; and very highly efteemc^, even 
jft jMlverAty, by chofe who had the beft op- 
yortuoitiesof i^nowtng his vorth. 

la Keniingt«i-f()uare, by ioadvertently 
xBinitng and bathing, and afterwards walk- 
mi; home from dining ki London, aged 84, 
lir. Rob. Lalhropy. formerly a Imen-draper 
m X4Rig|it»-hHl. He and the Iti^c Dr.Bragge, 
Hi* pit^ure coUe^or, married, iwq, fillers 1 
MKt he obtained from tiie .prefent Eari of 
4MMford» wlien in admintftratiooy a place 
ft 1-501. per annum m the Cinque- iwrts. . 

At his houfe at DalAon, in confe<|j»ence of 
m-isAl from hii horfe, by which lie hurt l^s 
anD> fome lime ftnce, Mr* Bevami o( tbe 
Cwtaln-roiMJy Shofedicchy one of the oaoft 
•mfaienc farriers of bis time, and partner 
with -Mr. Jackiboy wik> fueceeds to his 

%lifuM<i. 

At SieMrey, 00. Somerfet, Richard Camp- 
lin^«^. o|M of the umler-tellers of the £k- 
chequer» aad a younger )>rocl)er of the Rev. 
Dr. C. of^ BriOol. 

Ac BriftQl HotwellSy whither he went for 
#0 rpcovory of his heaitb> Fr«j^ick.<Oeorge 
Byroo, efq. nephew lo Lord Byruii and the 
€^nU:fs*dowager of GarliiW- 

At Oundle, 00. Koitbamplai^, ia his C6ch 
year^ £dw. Hunt, efq. 

Mrs. Snctoo, wife of Mr. Wan. S. pnacer, 
at Northampton. 

At Bath, in his 33»d year, Captain Pieroy 
^Brett^ of the royal navy. 

At Stockton, CO. Durham, Rob. PreiWii, 
dq. coUedior of ihe cuftoms there. 

After a long illnefs, Mrs. Mary Read, wife 
4if &lw. R . e iq . of Chelfea. 

At til amley, co York, whither lie had re- 
tired upon a competeiKc feveral years |ince, 
Mr. Oiibent, formerly a celebrated perfuimcr 
opon tlie Freneh horti at the theatres and 
|>rincipal oixhcliras in and atvnit London. 

At VVrnghy, co. LtMcoln, aged 9^, Mrs. 
.Mary luiiier. 

At Fordingbi itige, Hants, Mary Wails, a 
poor old Woman, whofe* lethai'gic h.ibit of 
^body had for three years hetu very extrordi- 
fiary, and had lately fo coniulerahly increafed, 
that ihe v.mdd fleep a week, a fortnight, 
and foinetimes a month, or more, which (he 
JHMifideied but us a d.iy. Her foii, a weaver, 
. mJ!^ whom She h^icd, w» atciittomid %o 



W9Mi her very attentively, and liis \xMi 
method of ;)waking her from her torpor^ 
was hf putting food into her mouth. Wheo 
«woke, flie would partake of a fmall all* 
ttont, chiefly licpiid, and quickly Ml int» 
the fame ilate again. Many eflbrts weri 
ofien in vain made to roofs her. Sbea^)(r6kd 
a^nt three hours before her death, and con^ 
tinned awake, apparently in good lieallh anA 
fpirits, till the momedt of her diltolutioTK 

At Skipton, in Craven, greatly refixaed^ 
aged 85, Mr. Wilinm Binns, one of th6 
people called Quakers, and brother of Mc« 
Jonathan K. of Liverpool. 

At the houfe of Mr. C. Sdlers, in Grimft 
thorp, near Pocklington, co. York, Sir Nor^ 
ton Rebinfoa, bart. of Newby, in Chat 
county. He was grandfon of William ttk 
fird baronet of his family, and fucceeded hjt 
brother fir William in 1770. He was great 
nephew of Tancred R. M. D. of London, and 
foil of fir Tancred, lord mayor of York lyiSy 
and rear admiral of the blue. 

At Brompton, to which place he had beeii 
removed for the benefit of the srir firom his 
houfe in Upper Grofvenor-dreet, Peregrine 
Furye, efq. one of thcf gentlemen of his Ma« 
jedy's privy chamber. 
- At Filh-<hill, in Cumbertand, at the extra* 
ordinary great age of ixo years».Mr. Fire* 
ierickL Hai-pe. 

Rev. Mr. Hodgfon, hte affiftant mtttiftc!)r 
«t Maidftone. His death was oecafioHed by 
1>eing tlirown down under a coach on the 
31ft of January lad, wli^ he went to feo 
his Majefty go to the Houfe of Peers. 

At Fowey, ca Cornwall, Thomas Gra- 
!iam, efq. 

At Leiceder, of tbe f mall-pox, aged 67, 
Mrs. Green, reli^ of Mr.G. of Medbum. 

In lier 90Lh year, Mrs. Savidge, a maideli 
lady. Her remains were interred at Aftiby 
de la Zouch. Slie was very much refpeft^ 
and lamented, particularly by the pfxir, to 
whom (he had been a libei-ai beoefactrefs. ' 

At his feat at Maid (lone court, co. Here- 
ford, aged S3, Jolin Durbin, efq. in the oom* 
midion of the pe^ce fnr the counties of He- 
reford and Somerfet, fenior alderman of the 
city of Bridol, father of Sir folin D. knt. and 
brother to Mr. Henry D. chemid, of BriftoL 

Ffh. I. At Lifbon, the Hon. Lieut. Wnft. 
Forbes, of the royal navy, yo(u\ge{l fon of 
Lord Forbef. 

In the King's Bench prifon, after a linger- 
ing iUnefs, and a cpnfiiiement of inne years 
within (hofe walls. Major John Forbes, who 
didinguilhed himfelf as a brave otiker under 
the command of Prince Ferdinand^ at tho 
memoi able battle of Minden. 

in boiton-Ar. Piccadilly, after a (bort ill- 
nefs, and in the prime of lifie, Mrs. Olivet'9 
wife of Samuel O. efq. banker, of Newark 
Upon Trent, and eldefl daughter of Che laSe 
Thomas Wightman, efq. 

At his lodgings in Queeii-iq. Bath| Niniin 
i«U««iiie^ >e(^. 

2. At 



1792O OhitiarftfcMjiderahU Tirfins\ v>hh Bi4gr^luil AmcibUs. i8j( ^ 

At Exeter, in the 92(1 year of hn age, the Xx>n)'t^ay after the dreadfoi fire in 174U . 
Kev. Mic:«jah Towgpod. He was born at which coiiriuned the greateft part of thac 
Axminfter, in the county of Devon, D^c. 6, town. To this fermon is pre&xed a £bort 
1700. His father was a phyfician of the account of tlie fire ; by i^hich it appeiin tliac 
fame place, and the fun of Mr. Matthew 19 perfoos loft their lives by it, and that 450 
Towg«»o«l, one of the minifters eje^d by fimiiies were biuTit out of their bouTes* 
the A^ of Uniformity in 1G61. He luul his During the rebellion in Z745, he printed, in 
Gmmmar learning under the Rev. Mr. a fimall pamphlet, Biihop Burnet and Biihop 
Cliadwick, of Taunftm ; and in 1717 he, Lloyd's account of the binh of the Pretender^ 
together with his fchool fellow Dr. Amory, fhewing flrong grounds to fufpef) it to be 
enered u|Hin a courfe of academical A udies a (hamefiil imix)ftare. Wltli the fame vieiv» 
7n tite (anie place, under ttie dired)ion of th.it of fupjiorting the interells of the reign- 
Mr. Stephen James and Mr. Grove. Very in; family, he puhlUhed tliis year likewife^ 
fuon after he commenced a preacher, he " A Summaty View of t)ie Error), AbTur-' 
iettled with a congregation of Proteflant Dif- dities, and Iniquities, of Popery ;** a fennon 
ientersat .Moretin-Hampilcd, inDcvonihire, preached at Exeter, jn both th^fe pieces 
and was ordained there in Augud 1722. there are ilrongcxprefl^s of attachment m 
The following year he married the daughrer i\\t Houfeof H.'uiuver and the Protedant fuc- 
of James H.iukcr, eiq. of I.uppit, by wiiom cc.^n. Jn thefe times Dlflcnters niight' 
he had four children, two Um% nnd two preai^ and write upon political fubjedls 
daughters. While he was at Morctnn, his without giving offence to the friends of go* 
time was very much occupied in pre|xu'ing vernment. I'iie largefl work in which hii 
difcourfes for tlie Lord's day, and in dif' was engaged, and that by which he is nioft 
charging the other duties of his office as a known to the world, is the '* Diirtnting 
zniniiler, in wliich he was uncommonly Gentleman's Anfwcr to Mr. White/' a cler- 
aiiiduous: but r;;ir>ovin^ to Credicon, m the gyman of the diocefe of Norwich, \\ ho liad 
fame County, in i~35i at the earneft folici- eivleavoured to retoit upon the Diilenters 
tation of a refi>e«^table Society of Dilfcnters, the objections wliich they had be^ tifvd to 
he fiad more leifure for extending the fplicre make againft the Church of England. I'lie 
of his iludies, and laying the ft.undation of firit of Mr. Towgood's letters in reply ap« 
his future eminence. Soon after he fettled at peared in 1746, and was followed (»y tw6 
this place, he publiihed <* Recovery fi-om otliers in 1747 and 1748. This work hai 
Sicknefs,*' intended originally fur the ufe of palFed through 6 editions; tlie Jaft t\'af 
a lifter juiV recovered fr#A a dangerous dif- printed in 17S7, and accompanied with a 
order, and accompanied with fuitable re* print of the .luthor from a painting by Opie. 
Aeclions and devotions. This fmall piece Wiioever wilhes to become acquainted with 
appeared without his name ; as did like wife the principles upon which the modem Dif- 
•* High-flown jipifcopal and Pritftly Claims^ fenters feparate from the Church m.iy fe5 
freely examined, in a Dialogue between a' them here. In the year 174S appealed 
Cmintry Gentleman and a Country Yicar," an '* Eflay towards attaining a trile Idea of 
which was printed in itki- Dr. WaiTtn the Chara6lert)f Charles 1," confiding of ex- 
liaving, in a volume of poliliiimous fermon^, tra^ from the nnoft celebrated Hiftorians. 
compared the fchifm of the i'roteflanc Dif- The defign of this performance is to {bew^ . 
fenters to tlut of the Samaritans, he wrme by impai tial teftinionies, tliat the refpedt 
*^ The Diflenters Apology" in 1739s in which lias been paid to tlie OQeatory of this 
\vhich he vindicates a (eparation from tlie monarch by the Engliih nation has nd ju(t 
Chui'di of Kn^Iand, nnd fhews that the ff>undation ; a truth of which both Houfes o£ 
Doctor is miftakcn in the account he gives of Parliament feem to be now convinced. Mn 
the origin of the Samaritans, ivhoni (to caft Towgood's merit coidd not fail toattnufl th« 
a greater oJium U{;>on the Di(r<;nters) tie tra* notice of iJiffenrers, and to bring him into a 
ces up to Jcrohoham. In the year 174I1 larger fphere of ufefulnefs. lni75ohewatf 
when the nation was engaged in a war with invited to accept of the paftoral charge by 
Spain, and difcuuraged by the difadious tlie two united congregations of Pruicn.^nC 
UTue of the expedition againll Caith.-igenn, Diflenters in the city of Exeter, with whoni 
lie puMiftied " Spanilh Cruelty and injnftice, he fettled the fame year as one of ilicir nii- 
a juft.tiable Plea for a vigirrcus War with mftci-s,* This ye:.r he publifticd " The 
Siaiiu" In this p.imphlet he eRcouragcs Bapiiim of Infants a reafonab'.e S«r\*ice;" 
Britons to hope for fuccefs from the jullice in which he has given an excellent fumitiary 
of tlie war on our parts, the cruelty of the arguments) in fupport of that praAice, 
of our enemies towards Pagans, Jcv/s, and paiticniaily of thofe founded uj»ori anti- 
Mahometans, and Chriftiat^s, and from quity an apoilolick trOiUtion. I'his was fuc* 
their tntl^mg in falfe prote^ors : it con- cesJed the follow in.^ ycai- by another ti;i^ 
clid:» with a folemn prayer, addreflfcd upon the fame fubjedl, intituled** Dsppin*;fiv>C 
to God and to Jefns Chrii^, for the fuccefs of the only Scriptural and Primitive manner of 
our arms. The fit ft fcrmon which he pub* Baptizing." Hs "Serious and free 
Eftied was dehvered at Crediton on tli» Tliougtits/' addrefTeAlo a hlOiojp^ts'a^r'*''*^^^^^ 
GCMT. Mac. i'V^yAiir^r, lyi^i. *."ll« 

12 



l86 0Uhiarjrf<9Hjliirahk Pirfms; with Biographical jtntcistiU [Feb. 

17^5, The Tflands of Cape Breton nnd St. was his concern Ibr the civtl rights of man- 
John heing taken bf the Birtiih forrcs in kind lefs xnlenL Yet both were tempered 
JT^% he 'preaclied afermonnpon the oc- wfth cnndtmr. In the -privnte relntions f>f 
cafion, ttie Lord*s-<Iay :«fter the acciHint of hfe his Ue|X)rtment was amiable and heiievo- 
thitt* event nrrivetlt which was afterwards lent. His religious fentimenis were fuch as 
priitted, in which Britons are invited to re- were deemed highly heretical when he firit 
joici and thank. Gud for national blefliagi. entered upon public life ; on which account 
In V761 he engaged, in conjunAion with he fiiund fume ditliculcy in procuring ordi- 
Mr: Hogg and Mr. Tomer, who were af- nation, and experienced the refentment of 
tertt'ards joined bf Mr. Moilvale, in con- bigots long after, hot they winiUi be elteemed 
during an academy removed from Taunton what is termed ortMox by many in the pre- 
to Kxeter for tlie education of roiniders feiit day, as he attributed to CInrift a high 
among Proteftant Diflenters. and continued degree of pre>exi(lent dignity, and confidered 
to give his afliibince to this inflitution till the him as a proper ohjeA of religious worfhip. 
year 1 769 : the department allotted to him He died in the firm iMsrfiiafion tluit the Suci* 
was deiiveiiffg leAuies upon the NewTef- nian duArine would be but of Ihort conti* 
feambnt. In I77Z« he was deputed, from the nuance, though tliere are fome who prcfnme 
afTemMy of DtfTenting minifters for the to fay tlut, liad lie become ncqaiiuted half 
counUes of Devon and Cornwall, to wait a century ago with that doctrine, as it has 
npon the Bifhop of Exeter, to tliank him for been illuflrated and defended of late years* 
the fupport which he liad given to the bill for his love of truth would have induced him to 
Che relief of DifTunting minifters and fchuol embrace it. He has left behind hima dangh- 
mafters in refpeAtif the matteroffubfcribing trr, who by her attention to an aged pai'ent 
theioticlesof theChuixhuf EngLmd. From has (liewn an example of fiH.d piety which 
the fime of his refidehce in Exeter he had en- others in the fame relation would do well to 
joy^, in a wry higli degree, the refpeA imitjte. 

and aflbftion of the Societies of IVotcftantDif- 1. Aged 6-, Mrs. Johns, wife of Mr. T. 
fenters with wlmm he was connected, which J. an eminent attorne> of Plymouth. Wh!i 
wa^ no lAore than what was due to hii ta- exemplary piety (he bore pjtienily an illnefs 
icnts, cliaradcr, and unremitting endeavours nur 20 years. Her mind was highly culti- 
to promote their interefts. He continnedhis vated i (lie was well informed in moll fub* 
fervices among them till the year 1782, when je^ of elegant and polite literature. As a 
the fncreafmgweaknefs of his voice, which had companion ftie was unrivalled, from tho 
neVer been very ftrong, rendering it impof- readinefs with whichThe communicated her 
iibleforhimtobe hcirdinalargehotife, lie knowledge to nil thofe who had the liap- 
was Obliged to refigii. On this occafion the pinefs of her friendlhip and acqoainUnce. 
two Societies concurred in prefenting him To her young friends (he was a mod intd- 
witha handfome piece of pbte, as a tefti- ligcnt mift'refs. In the duties of wife and 
mwy of the high fcnfc they enteitained of mother Ihe was exemplary, 
his fervices. In 178^ he concluded all his At Buckland Down, near Plymouth, aged 
puHlic labours by a farewell addrefs to them 40, Mr. Tcarfe, an eminenUHurgeon and 
upon " The Grounds of Faith in Ji fus aiwthecary. His diforder vds a fchiiTuus 
ChUlV." From this time he continued to liver uHiich baffled the art or phyfick. 
polTefsalmoftiininternipted hesdthandfpiritf, At Roclieftcr, Lieute;iJu Hudfun, of the 
inr about a year bcfoic his death, whe* he royal navy. •^ 
was feizetl with a paralytic diforder, which At Brit\ol, Alex. E^ar,efq. in the corn- 
deprived him in a great meafureof hisfpeech; miflion of the peace fir the county of Glou- 
buC his mental faculties leemed to be ft ill un- cefter, and one of t)d& aldermen of Briftol. 
impaired. His difTdution was fo e;tfy that At Lghain> Suj^, iii his 73d year, Hugh 
it yyia not perceived by thofe who ftood by Stevenfon, ef(|. >'. 
his bed-fide. He h.-id deiivetl from nature a In Lnura-plac<f', Bath, Mrs. Arnot. 
found and vigorous underllaiiding, uhich lie Mi-s. HargraVe, of Mortimer-lli-eet, Ca« 
had enridied with a large ftore ot knowlet'ge vcnvli.'h-fq. 

on various fubje^^, but paiticuiarly with At Kcnertng, Northamptonlhire, in his 
theological and biblicnl learning. His publick nft year, ilr. John Bamford, who, by the 
difcourfes confifted of clear expofitions of death of his father a few mmittis fince, came 
Scripture, and of forcible .inimated reafoning, lo the polfcirieii of a handfome fortune, but 
cleUvm-ed in fuch an agreeable and fttiking unliappily addided liimfelffo much to drink- 
manner as engaged nnirerfal attention. Feel- ing .is to ftiorcen his days, 
ing himfelf tlic truths he Liboured a* enforce Ac J^doudliam-hnll, co. Sufi^>)k, after lying 
upon others, they could not fail to make in, thi^ lady of John Whitbread, e(q and 
a ftiong impielTion. His piety was fervent eldeft dauf>hter of the late Jacob Hinde, cfq. 
and cxirttcd, l»"t ftnmdcdupon rational prin- At LeuikiiU, in Su.ibia, M- Lewis Full, 
dp!c5, and witlxiut any mixture of affeCbtion author of inaHy in.:;cnious pietes, particularly 
«r entivufi.nfm. The zeal he dil'covered for the one entitled " Liuli Finales," and an i her 
ififcrc/li rfrtv'h and itJiga'US liberty was a named '* i^lohniani ;" b;»tli j)')cms, full of a- 
te/jr cui:fpiciu)inf part o/hu charadlcrs iioc mauUua, lidSiic, -Mkd Cuitimcnu He was 



1792*] Okiiu0ry$f€iMjUirakliPnj4mt;wilbBiigrM^Mljtir/tdoim. 187 

dcfoended finom Fuft, the celebracai] printer, with Dr. Jobnibn and Mr. Oarricki thmigh 
of MentZy who in 14 $0, after tlie labour of fcMnewhatfeikiorto ttio latter : at Weftminfter 
7 or 8 years completed tlie firft Bible that fchool lie war contemporary with Dr. Drum- 
ever appeared ia types ; and twelve years moiidi arclibiOiop of York» and Dr. New- 
iforward, 1461, publi/heii in Gotliic cha- ton, late hilhop of Bri(h>l. He wak after- 
niAen an edition of infinitely moi-e expence, wards atlmitted at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, 
Unfile copies of which were fold in Paris as and of the Inner Temple, Looilan, where he 
MSS. at the great price of 6co crowns.«-See was called to the bar in Uieyeai* 1731. Mot- 
^ Tlie .Origin of Printing," pp. 85, 166. withftatiding bis al>ilities were nocuflknown 

3. At Plymouth, after a (hort iUncfs, in Wedminfter Hall, his practice as a bar- 
Mrs. Kempiiler, mother of Lieut. Kemp- rifter was ch/efly eontiued to the coantry. 
Her, of the Plymouth divifion of marines; wliere he had an opportunity of indulging 

At Bath, Mojor General Sir Henry Cnl- thai mcxlelly and love of re: irement which 

der, hart, colonel of the i > th regiment, and were born with, and accompanietl liim 

lieutenajit governor of Gihndtar. lie mar- rnrough every period of his life; and lieliad 

ried, lirft, Elizabeth, yoiuigell daughter and adlunlly taken leave of the court of Exche- 

co-lieire(sof Augu(lin£arle,efq.of Haydon- quer (wliere he cliielly pradttfed w lien in 

hall, in Norfolk ; fecondly, Mifs Olhorn, toxvn), in a fort of farewell fpeedi, when^ 

daugltter of Admiral O. by whom he lias left in tlie year 1755, he was exiled vpon by 

an infant fon. that great lawyer and magiftnte» Lord 

At his hoiife at Homerton, in his 75th Hardwicke, then chancellor, towtectttethe 

year, jofeph Pickles, efq. one of his M^- office of juHice of tlie coiut of King's 

jefty's jiiftices of the peace for tlie Tower Bench. On Lord Uardwickc's retiring in 

hamlet!;. 175^>) he was apfKiinted one of the cnmmif- 

At his mother's houfe, in Laurence Fount- fioners for lite Dtftody of tlie great fesi, 

ney-hill, John Hood, elq. of Bardgn Parks, which he held about a twelvemoiuh. 1^ 

CO. Leicclter ; a gentleman defervedly happy Atiguil 1766, he was- removed fnun 4he 

in Che good opinion of his friends. King's Bench, wiiliont any folicitatibn on 

Mr. John Soitt, mailer of the Golden- his part, to ilie oAice of the court of Cdiin- 

crofs inn, Charing-crofs. mon Pleas, which he held till Jan. XT70, 

In Saville-row, aged near 50, of a dropfi- when, from inngte love of retirement, and 

cal complainr, Mrs. Lort, relid of Che late fome infirmities increafmg with his years, 

Dr. L. who died Nov. 5, 1701. he retired from that euurt and all public bii- 

4. ^r. Nicholas Bkick, worfted-raaker, fmefs, except tlie attendance at the pdivy 
io Newgate- ftrecc council. Never any man gave more univcr« 

Ofaadiah Paul, efq. of Rooklmore, co. falfatisfa£iion in the judicial titlice. Hisknuw* 

Gloucefter. ledge was uxtenfive and profiiunJ, his ]4irts 

At ^ramdean, Hants, aged 75, the Rev. brilliant and enlightened ,his elocution clear and 

Thomas Durnford, D.D. He Ind been I'ec- harmonious; but, above all, his temper, ffio- 

tor of that parifh, and vicnr of Hafling*^, in deratitui, p.'^ience, and impartiality, were fo 

Suilisx, upwards of 50 years, and alio fire- diftinguiflied, that the portic:*, I'olicitors, 

i>endary of Itching- Abbots, Hants. He was counfel, and audience, went auay eqtcUly 

of VVadlRim, Oxford, A. M. 17)9, B. and fatisfied at'.d contented. This was (he cafe 

D. D. 175a. in q\ieAihn'; of private prcipeity ; but wlKie 

Mrs. Aihton, wife of Mr. A. a rcfpeAable any tjucAion <ii a public natdre arole, tlifere 

farmer ami grazier, of Brandon; co. Lincoln* hi^- (iiperior abilities and public virtue Ihone 

At Staixlilb, near Wigan, aged 92, Mr. nioft ct^nfpicuous ; eqiully free from couix- 
Alexander Parkeibn. He was a preacher ing minilterial favoui % anil popular appUuie, 
among die people called Qiudars upwards lie hild the fcale perfeAly even httwica 
of 7oye.-urs, and ju(lly flleemettby all who the Crown nnd the People, and thus bo- 
knew him as a chearful, inofienfive, and came equally a favourite with both. Nor 
good man. were his nunners anil habits Itfa exemuUry 

Ip Green-ftreet, Enfield, Mrs. Hmit, wife ami pleafing in private, than l)i*« abilities and 

pf Mr. U. formerly of Spital-fiel.ls, weaver. virtue weris coufpicuous in pub ic Ijfe. tiis 

5. In hb 73d year, Michael Blount, ciq. le.iming an;', kiwwledgc were of tlie f.imt- 
ef Maple. Derham. li*ir and fecial kind; however fuperior.so 

Mr. John Bai-nes*Pearce, of Lambeth> others, be always confidered them as liss 

ilock-broker. equal- His wit was always tempered wit; 4 

Ac his lioufe in Great Ofmond-ftreeC, humanity, aod his joftice witlt meroy miC 

where he had lived 37 years, Tful in the 93d benignity ; fo tliat we may truly (ay oCOv, 

ymr of his age, tlie Right Hon. Sir John excellent pcrfon, tMat tliough one ot i:}r 

£.Yrdlcy WilmU, knt. late <iuef juftice of ahleft, he was the modefteit ; thingh 0:1c 

iIh: court of CunifDoii Ple:is, and one of his of tlie wifeft, he was the huaiklelt mnrf of 

M;jofty's moft honourable privy council. . the age in which he lived. 

He was born in Che year 1 700, and educated His life was geocie, and th; element 

ac Lichfield and Weltminlfer ichoolsi at 6omixtu\hlm,tl\alX.\^\iV>K<p■.tt\^'\>^>Av^.^ 
the tarmaof wl^dt lie wan cuMeiwiocary Aw^Ustoa^UiftiR^itVif^^ ^\v^>M%&'iitc\-:%\ 



|BB 0Uhtmj$/i9nJUirsUi Per/ins I xvitbBhp'aphtcalAnecJotts. [Feb. 



Sir Eardley had the offer of tht grpat feal 
IDore than once duriDg tlie adm migrations of 
the Duke of Grafton iin\ s.ord Nuah ; but 
he is faid to have thought that his pulitical 
fituatioiiy as chancellur» would have inCer- 
iered with the dilchai'seot his profcflional 
dotyf and as neither riches iior l)rnonrs 
ever road« any p.'irt of his amhititHi, he <tid 
not hefuate a moment to decline them, efpe- 
cially as lie wns at thit time rnmed diree- 
fcore. He has left two fons, John, amadcr 
jn chancery, and Eanlley ; and two dju^h- 
ters, Maria Mnrowy married to tlie Rtght 
lion- Lord Eardley. and Ehzabeth, married 
C4 Tba Blomefield, efq. major of tlie royal 
artillery. Sir Eardley has directed a pLln 
marble flone, with a plain infcription, giv- 
ing an account of his marriage, childitn, 
Jcc. to be pot up over his srave, without any 
other addition whaterer. 

6. In CiT»Iby-row, VVahvorth, Mifs Har* 
Iiet Paylin, only daughter of Dr. Robei t P. 

Robert Wilkie, efq. uf Ladytbum, in tlie 
comroillion of tlw peace for the county i<f 
Durhamand borough of Berwick uponTweed. 

7. At Chelfciy Atrs. Hotchkis, relidl of 
|(ev. Rich. H< Utte of Stockwelt, Surrey. 

Mrs. Homes, wife of John U. efq. of 
Tfirk-ilrtet, Grofvenor-fquare. 

At Wilfc^rdy near Nottingham, in a very 
advanced age, W. Lee, gent, formerly a ho- 
sier at Nouiugbam. 

J3. In New-ltreet, Spring-gardens, the 
I»dy of tlie Rev. Herl)ert Croft. 

In hia 6rft year, Mr. BIyth Simpfon, 
kee|wr of the cuunty-gaol at Derby, which 
plaM lie luul lield with credit 30 years. 

9. At St. Margaiet's Ifaiik, near Rochef- 
. ter, sifter a long and (c\'eit illnefs, Mr. Rich. 

BuglieSi formerly of the royal navy. 

Uobrrt- Chriftopher Brownoil, efq. of 
MicliaeVs* place, Brompton. 

At Keniington-paiace, aged 75, Mil ward 
Rowe, efq. many years chief clerk of the 
(leafury* and commiliioner of the fait duties. 

Thomas a Beckett, efq. of Littleton. Wilts. 

At rJempriggs, in C^ithnefs, William Sin* 
clatr, efo- fecund fon of the late Sir James S. 
bart. of Mey, and uncle Co the prefeiit James 
Earl of Caithncfs. 

Found deail in her bed, Mrs. Webb, widow 
pf Mr. W. butler of Oriel College, Oxford, 
a woman of &o years of age. She was fur 
fume years pad fn far «)eranged as occafiuu- 
ally i» k^k liei fi-lf in her room, admit no 
. pt;i fon to enter, and it is appreliended th.it 
fhtt might have been dead near a foruiighc 
before the room was forced open. 

10. At Lymington, Hants, aged 79,^Mr. 
Wm. Burclier, firA coufui to the late Gc- 
Ocr.U Wtdie. 

At Edinburgh, Th<»mn5 Stuart, efq. twa- 
iurer of the Bunk of .ScotUnJ. 

M Otkhy, CO. LeiceAer, in.his 63d year, 
Kcv. Ml. Lipii 0:, vic.;r of that place. . • 

j^t W/Jitaiglihy, CO. Nottingham, in his 
rccifj jft-M-, Mtiet' ^ fhort tiladk, pupceded-by 



an nlmofl un inter nipted feriesof good health, 
and a perfect retainment uf his faculties, Mr. 
Jofeph Sleigh. 

II. In an advanced atie, at Stamford, in 
Line* dnih ire, the Rev. Tho. Cockayne, A. M. * 
vicar of St. Mary, Rothcrtiithe. and late fel- 
low of Clare-Hall whence he had his living. 
His fattier was vicar of Dorebridge, in Der- 
byfhirc ; and his uncle an alderman of Lon- 
don. He wns eminently exad^ and humane 
in the difchargc of hi** parochial duties, vigi- 
lantly obrerv.Tnt of mankind and critically 
ikillcd in t!ic learned ianj;u:'.gei. ' 

13. At Cambridge, after a very long Ill- 
nefs, a^ed 78, Mr. Muniis, many yeacs aa 
eminent tinman tliere. 

15. At Hinckley, in her 72d year, Mrs. 
Elizabeth Ap^ielbee, relidl of the hite Wil- 
liam Appelbee. See vol. LIX p. 755. 

16. Mr. John WeiV, wlM>lcfale and retail 
draper, of Lymington, Hants. 

At his fatlier's honfe in Wardour-Areety 
Soho, of an apoplcAic ht, Mr. Bond, jun. 
only fon of Mr. B. glover to their Majefties. 

17. At Clapham, Surrey, Jonathan Price, 
efq. many years clerk to the Salters Comp. 

Ac Lewe?, SuHfrx, in his Szd year, Henry 
Humphrey, efr{. many years in the comroif- 
fion cf the peace for that county. 

At his liKlgings at Knightfbiidge, Robert 
Miller, efq. wlu, prior to the American Re- 
volution, was treal'urer to the college ot 
Willbnvand Mary, and comptroller of tho 
port of Willianifburg, in Virginia. 

18. Al Hinckley, co. Leiceftrr, agc«l 7t^ 
Mrs. M.vy < »roen, wife of Mr. Wm. G. clerk 
of the fuarktt, ainl high conHable of the 
humlrcd of Spark en-ioe. She was the mo« 
ther of Mis. Nichols; of wlwm fee vol, 

LVlir. ^275- 

Aiterufew days illnefs of an inflamm.'tion 

of the Ivinss, Mr. D^avies, a|K)ihec4«ry, in 

MartJii-ftrcct, Lticcftcr-fitUl''. 

At Fi\nlburv, near Roclicfter, in his 81 ft 

year, Mr. P!ii!ip Boi;hnr(V. 

19. Ill Great Qiiec'i-rtreet, W^f^minftcr^ 
Mis. Wil!i:imfon,Tdi(JV of Talbot W. ef(|. 

Suddenly, at an hotel in the Adclphi, in 
confequvsice «if immcnfe fpfculations in fa- 
gar, coflffe, and almill every amcle of com- 
merce, M ith monty lying in his hands, ac- 
quire- i faii'ly oi^ account of liis foreign cor- 
iVfpondcnp, J. J. Rougemimt, elq. of St, 
Helen's, H'fhopfgatc, French merchant, pert-, 
ner Willi flelTrs. Ajafliz and his own bro- 
ther, and fon of Mr. R. who died fome ye.irs 
ago, partner with I Mr. Lio'ard in Bn».-»d-ft. 
in an adv;»iiced ag« and great refpedlabihty. 

At Rotted cr, after an illrief? of two hours, 
afed 81, NTrs. Smith, a widi*w lady. 

Snddciily, Mr. He.:dley, of Clwtlum- 
bai I'acks. 

Mrs. Ella Righton, of New- inn-buildings, 
■ widou' of BVnj. R . efq. of Herndon, Kent. 
• 20. David He*vf»)n, efq. of Kocolph-laiie. 

At Oxford, after a lingering decline. Rev. 
. ItAyix Uoiner^D. V>. le^^i^ ot UwcviU\ Oul- 



1 79^-1 Oh'liMrjF ^funfiderahU Verfim \ with Bttgrapbical Anaditit. 1 89 



lesCfl in which he fncceeded Dr. Martimer, 
ia 1784* He was of Mertuo college, where 
be prticeeded M. A. 1770, and went to Lio- 
coln. where he took a bacchetor uf divinity's 
defree i??)- 

Jn his 8 id year, Mr. Tliomas Wliithrd, 
of St. Maitin*s-lc Cnutd ; whofe inflexibl«i 
integrity in ptihlic life, and uiiiverfol bene- 
volence in private, ju(Uy gained him the af- 
fe6tionaie regard of his relatives, and refpeA- 
fol efteem of all wlu) knew him. 

at. At Siuke Kewington, of which 
he was one of the mod refpefbble inha- 
bitants, aged 67. Thitnoas Streatfield, £fq. 
formerly itartner with Mr. Pomeroy, linen 
draper, in Leader.!ull - ilreet, governor 
of Chrift*8, St. Thomas'sy Guy*s, and St. 
Luke's Hofpitais, of the Afylum, and 
other public charities, and prefident of the 
Or|)han Working fctiool in tlie City Road. 
He was a younger branch of an antient, ref- 
peAidils, and numerous family, feated at 
ChiddinglloDe in Kent, of which county the 
elder branch wa» Litely appointed Sheriff. 
Foar days before hit death while reading 
the news- paper, lie was fnddenly (truck 
wkh tlie dead palfy, wtiidi took awa/ 
Che afe of his right fide, and continued 
to rehft all tiie api>Ucations wliich tlie beft 
medical advice could fuggeA, till it termi. 
nated in his death. He was heir to his uncle, 
George S. who died in 1757 ; and married 
Mifs leaker, of Newjogton, who died before 
him ; and his brother's daughters kept his 
houfe, one of whom married, 1785, Mr. 
Strong, of Pancras-lanc. 

After fupix)rtiiig a tedious and painful 
illnefs with exemplary patience and refigna- 
Cion, Lady Efdaile, wi^ of Sir James £. knt. 
alderman, and banker. 

In Poland-ilrect, in the 3 2d year of his 
9ge, after an illnef:: of fix weeks, which com- 
menced ^nth a rheumatic fever, occafioned by 
too intenfe an appHciiticm to his profeflional 
engagements, and terminated in a total debility 
of body, Mr. Jacob Schnebbelie, Draughtf- 
I9an to the Society of Anticiuaries ; an office 
to which he was appointed on the expiefs re- 
comneiulation of tlieir noble Trefident, the 
Earl of LHcefter, and which he filled \\ irh 
•qnal credit to himfelf and to his refpedta- 
bfe Patrons. To the nohle Earl's notice 
•he was fir/l inCnxhtced by accidentally 
iketching a view in his park near Hertford, 
and was eropl«.iyed by him in taking fome of 
the molt piciureique landfcapes about Tun- 
bridge VV£||5, with a view to their publication 
for his benefiL His father, a native of Zurich 
inSwit^erlaiul, was a lieutenant in the Dutdi 
^irces at the liege of Bergeii-op-2Loom ; and 
■fterwanls fettled in* this country as a con- 
Jh<ftioner, in which ca|Mciiy he had fi-equent- 
Iv the huiiotir of attending on King Geor;;e 
the Second; and afterwards kept a con* 
ftiAioiier's fhop at Rochclter, wliere one 
of his fqns (tilt refides ; and tlie fame pro- 
leSiuKi bis ItMi Jacob (who wJi born Aiig^ 30, 



1760, in Duke's-cQurt, intheparifh of St. 
Martin in the KieUls) followed for fome time, 
firft at C-uiterbiuT, and af^rwards at Hanw 
merfmith; till Nature pointing out to him the 
proper road to fame and credit, he quirted his 
ihop, and commenced felf* taught tcadier, at 
Weilniin(Verandotherpubiicfchoolf,oftlieart 
of drawing, in which he m:ide a pnificiency 
which intnxUiced him to the notice of many 
among tlie l.«anied and the Gieat. The 
merits of his pencil are too generally known 
and acknowlmlged to require any exaggerat- 
ed eulogium. Happy in a quick eye and a 
difcriminattng tafle, he caught the mofk 
beautifid obje^s in the happiefl points o£ 
view ; and, Km* fidelity and elegance of deli- 
neation, may be ranked high among the lift 
of fird-rate aitifls. The works he put forth 
on his own account are not nun>erous. In 
1 78 1 he intended to puMifh fix views of Sc 
Auguftine's Monaftery, to be engraved Ivy 
Mr. Rogers, itc. five of which were coni- 
ple:ited ; and one fmall view of that reli- 
gious houfe was ctclied by himfelf. In 
1787 he etclied a plate rcprefenting the 
Seri)cntine River, part of Hyde P.irk, with 
the houfe of Rarl Hathurft, a diflant vietv 
of Wedminfter Abbey, &c now the pro- 
}iei ty and :n the polTeffionof Mr. fukes, to lie 
.nquatinted for publication; who purchafed 
alfo from him feveral views of Canterbury 
Cathedral, St. Auguftine's Moiuftery, &c* 
Jn 1 71^3 ho puhlifhed Four Viewsof St. Albans, 
town and abbey, dnux n and etched by him- 
felf, and .iquatinted by F. Juke.*:. Early in 
1 79 1, having made himfelf m.nfter of tlie 
art of afpin'iniing, he began, with great ar- 
dour, " I'he Antiquaries Mufeum" (fee vol. 
LXi. 1 56, 743) ; of wiiich he had, jult be- 
fore his death, completed the Third Numberi 
and lias left behind him feveral drawings, 
intended to make a complete volume in Nine 
fucceeding numbers. About the fame period 
he became an aflbciate with Mr. Moure and 
Mr. Parkyns in the ♦• Monaftic Remains" 
(vol. LXI. pp. 74^, I II 8, 1207); which, 
after Five Numbers had appeared, fie re- 
linqtiilhcd to h's Co:id;iitors. The adiftance 
he "cca ionally gave to " The Gentlem.in's 
Magazine," the fmallelt part of his merir, 
it will be ncedlcfs to particularize ; his maf- 
terly hand being vifible wherever it was ex- 
erted. It ib of more confequence to his fame 
to point out the beauties of many of tin- phites 
in tlic " VctuHa Monumcnta" cf the Society 
of Antiquaries, in the fecond volume of the 
•* Sepulchral Monumrnts of Great Britain," 
the far greater part of the numerous pbtes in 
which arc after him, or in the vei-y many 
drawirgs he liad finifhed,and Iketches he had 
defigncd, fijr Mr. Nichols's <• Hiltoryof Lei- 
certiTfhire." He hatl completed, alfo, fome 
views of King's CoUe^.e Chapel .it C;imbridse, 
in a ftyle worthy that mod bfrautiful and moll 
perfedl of all our Cotliic huiUlings, and ia 
a manner which \\»\ ^u V'.^: v^.ovcftvcvt'cv^^.XvNtcv 
to reya\ noi'ice|i\vA,h*dA\\\vt\\^\^^t;cvV^'xt«\^ 



%^0 OhltaarfcfcinJiderabU Perfins\ with BUgraphicd ^^nuiUUs. [Feb. 



thert is no doubt but lie ^vcnlU have been 
properly diflin^uifhed. Mr. S. was not con- 
tent with di'iiwiug the renia'uis nr^nCiqui:Lcs ; 
his cluCe pui fuit bad niaile Kim a pruficient 
in (he (tudy of our N.itinnal Ajitiquities, and 
a jiV.:;e of the diHierciit Ayles of the Gothic 
At cluie£lure and Monunicius. His dtfcrip- 
tions of the various places ;iiit] huiliiinj^s which 
lie escamined were juLiicious ^md acciirate» and 
rfifcovered wh.it attention he p^iid to th(.m. 
An ouiiine, if we may fo coll it, of Gotliic 
architecture, had been fug^elU-d to him, to 
bare been illullratcd by drawings of the va- 
rious parts s and he had adiu>)iy begun to 
CQn^.piie a work» under the title of "An- 
tique Drefles fiuce the Reign of Willinm 
the Conqueror, collected from various 
Works; witli their Authoiities." h may 
fee iafely afiirmed, that few aitifts have 
produced more fptcimens of tiieir talents 
ki their partiaibr depaitraents tlian Mr. S. 
in the four laft years of his life, which is the 
fiioit fpace of time fiace he fericniAy took up 
llie purfuit. Thus much for hie piiifetlioiial 
^titles; hut he had qualities of dill greater 
worth/ the virtuesof an excellent lieart. T ho(e 
«nly wlu) knew him intimately, and moi eefi»e- 
cblly thole who ^t any time have travelled 
«itb him wli^n Itc has been employed as a 
2>niughtrmany uui judge of the alacilty of 
seal with which he lias difpatclied his la- 
hauo of the chcarfui plearanti7 with which 
he has relieved its toil, and of the tngtiiuous 
•^nkncfs of his natural diipufition. — On ;di 
ttiefc I'.catunts his lofs wili not be m:u1e up to 
lu^fricnils — The vciy fn^all period of time 
llkit has eU^pfed fiiicu the LilctiLs of Mi. S. 
have been luiivei-f.iliy acknowltdged ha>, we 
fear^ net ci^ableil hiro to lay-by much ilore 
lor three infa:;t fons, u horn he luis left(>ehind 
him (lveirs» we hope, to his genius, and to his 
other good qualities*), or for an amiable wi- 
dow, fiHinerly Mif^ I'oIIaru, of Oitnterbury, 
who lias within the lid twelve montlis bu- 
ried two fvns Aod a daughter, and on Sun- 
day t!ie.2^th inflant liecame the motiier ofluT 
youQged fon, a few hours only bcfiire the re- 
fpaios of iier liuiband were depofited in the 
burial-ground belonging to a new cha|)el now 
building for St. James's panlh in the road 
from 1 oitenham-couit to HampAead. 

22* At SwatTliam, Norfolk, of tlic bloody 
flux, utuler w liich lie l;d)oured many years, 
aged 65, Mr. George Codling, many yeiiis 
a pcTvike maker in that town, much re- 
i))e£ied in his neighbourhood, and an adive 
and uCeCul member of a very refpe^Uble 
Sudety ot free and accejued Mafons, fomc of 
whom were of the t>rd diilindlion and by 
them he was 'particularly noticed foi* his 
rcat'y »•. it and j;:^>t'd humour. 

2^. Ai \\^ iiouie in -Leicedcr-fields, in his 
6.jt!i ^^.l;, ii:r folhua ReynoU's ku F. Ki 
«ujd .a'. sS. LL.D. of Oxfurti ar.ii Uublin, ^iid 
•^ imnnljcr of tlie Company of Painter- 
Slaiii'.:-' ill LiMiddU (to whic!; l^e was pre- 
ie:i;tal Oclobei* iS, 17 ^4?- Hi& iiiuefs 



was long, but borne with a mild and 
cheerful fortitude, without the leaft mixture 
of any tiling irriuble or querulous, agreea« 
bly to the placid and even tenour of his 
wliole life. iHe had, from the beginning of 
his nudady, a df Hindi view of his dilTolutioni 
and he contemplated it with tliat entire com« 
l)ofure, whidk nothing but tlie innocence, 
integrity, and ufeTulnefs of his life, and aa 
unatFeded fuhntiflion to the will of Pn>vi« 
dencc, could liedow. His conJuA to his 
phyftcians w^ fubmillive and accoromo«iat* 
ing, even where his own confcioufneis of 
tho inevitably termination of hisdifeafe taugJiC 
him u> believe, that exteiior f)raptoms, .ex- 
cited too readily by the eager wiflies of his 
fiicnds, wete deceptive. He faw his inti- 
mate acquaintiince daily, and converfed with 
tliem dittirfully, wiiliout ever once. conceal- 
ing fixnn thcni the confequtnce tlut he fore- 
knew, till wiihin a very (hoit time of the 
pci i'xl of liis cxii^cnce, whidi he waited for 
with an equanimity rarely evinced by ithe 
mod cdebrated Chridian philofophets. In 
this iitoation he liad every coniblatiiui from 
family tendernefs, which his own tender- 
nefs for his family kid, indeed, well deferv- 
cd. Sir Joihuii w.'is, on vtty many accounts, 
one of the mod memorable men of his time, 
lie very early didinguilhed hirafelf as an 
artid ; ;uid few individual have proved them- 
felves fo capable of iUudrating the theory of 
tlie fcieiice they profelled, by tlieir iu*ii£lice 
auil their difcourfes. See our vols. XXXIX* 
p. 198; XL. p. 1:9; XLI.p.£2; XLVll. 
p. 1^7: XLVIII. p. 59a. He adjdeil his 
- friend Johnfon with three different numbers 
of " 'I ne Idler," on the different pra^oe of 
the Dutch ?Jul Itr.lian Painters. For a lid of 
plates engraved ;:fiei- his drawings, fee vol. 
XL! V. p. 1 8 i aoil for verfes addi*eiied to him 
on various uccafionb', fee vols. X L 1 1 f . p. 334 ; 
XLVI. p. 513: LIV. pp. 185. 854; LV. 
p. 475. Ke w;is the fird Engli<hm.ui 
wIk> added the pr;tife of tlie elegant arts 
to the otl^r gUtiics of his couiKiy. In 
tafte, in grace, in facility, in liappy in- 
vention, and in tlu; richncfs and harmony 
of colouring, he w.is oqrol to the great maf- 
ters of tlie renowncil ages. In |)ortrait he 
went beyiNul tliem ; for he communicated to 
that dcfchptiwn of tlie ait, in which Englidi 
artids are the niiid engaged, a vaiiety, a 
hiticy, and a dignity derived from tlie higher 
brandies, whidi even tliofe who profelfed 
tlieni in a fuj^rior manner ; did nut always 
preferve, wlien tliey delineated individiul 
nature. His porU'aits remind the f|)eiSlator 
of tho inventii)n A)f hidoiy, and the amenity 
of landrca|)e. In painting puitrait^, he ajr- 
pe red not to be raifiuJ upon that pbtform, 
but to defcend to it from a higlicr fpherc. 
pi-acVice of his an. To be hich a paialei, he 
u .is a profocnd and (KMic:trating philofopher. 
Id full affluence ol' foreign and domedic 
fame, ;ujmircd b^ tiie expert in art, .irulby 
the Icained in fciencci cuutted by tlic gre;ic, 

Cirelfcd 



I79VT OKlMMj ^aaJidtrchU Ptrfini. — Prle-s'fGra'n. igf 

Ibf Gmnita powen, ini'cslehraied rwi Tor Uui iltfi>,)ii.loiiGf n-liUh Tama iif hii 

-'"^ " ' poels, hh Mti™ liiimi'ily, frlendi fiip|i ifnl Ik ■ni(' I ha>« rti -kfii i<-r, 

■ u J Miy , ■(■>> camltxir never furl'iiuk liim B-id arcriht-iltntlwM. ii!iiii'!i:Te.i(v>r ]re,.ii 

cMDaofurprinorpiTrviicalioii; nurwjsth* as'itnu- his liver, wliirhc>uthii»h:ivsivn;heJ 

kil d^TM of >rm^ce or gtr<iRiptian virt- ahiHii Ave imtuiilt, luil iiicrufeJ (ullWHtJi:> 

H«tD tho maft IcnHinizlns ef g^ in any part minis wajslu nF eleven piaikts. TImie- 

ef b'li conduA or ililcnirie. Hi* taleuli of nums of \tivt ill'iltrimK I'aiine.- arc lo h« 

cmrykinJ, powerrul from nxure, *al nnc ilCiHiTiced, on S«anLiy ibe ^>i cS Ma.-civ 

miwir T'Tt'T'T'i' l>|r leiien, liii Tucul vir* in the niMropulil.in clmnli of hit ci-unirr, 

tun PI ill (he icbiimt, and ;ill Llie liibi- ilic cnllwdrjl nf St. I^idI. Hii fiieuJ', 

taki o( lifc, rtodered him tin centre ii( a aiiil (he WiirM in gaiienil, know haw miidt 

myfnxmilttnpMtinelailvanetvurusrtea- tliis exoellciU jnitse, « well at praflilir 

" - - - which wtUhctliRipweUhy hia nTart, hail at huut llw ileconluM of ilie in. 



TiJe of 4ut fabric with the n 

eniinent En;;lifliniBn. Nil (lae cm betttr 

iltjferi'o the hmi-nxiMe fepulHne in it ilmi ■ 

l&ivcanhBlali wiih iniR« rincLrc, generalj mai, wbo,nnl.'»hy liispreceptiih.in i7 hii 

laidanaiixBd forroiv. Sir JoAitu't cxecu^ n.impte, mufht liis praAiceiif the art te 

~ profjlliit, anil «-l)i> aJd«4 to a tboroiqlli 

Ikilt ill ir, tl« litar.^iire of a fchi^br, iha 
kiKii>4e>lg;e uf » jiiiiiut^phcr, nij llie m.>iT- 
ners of a gonrie^-ui. llbbpu, wliimi he 
refemUed mnie iIihii any aitilt, lefi in Ins 
To Mn. Gwatkis, her filler, Iw general iKOKiifd'lhmsnts dun in rhe nKt^ic 
' ro^ccol.i tn hit oKl fervniu, iifhis culiiurins and lIio fpitiiAir<if Ikiiimv' 
M|4i kitVleyt "I"* !■*' ''"'' "■''' '""> "l>- einatiuii, i< hitrieil it tlie ettlux'r.J i/ Ani- 
wsnk of ]0 yean. icc«1.; to Mr. Uurke weqvwilti apitlure paittedby him<'elf<iver 
icoqLi ta Mr. Malone, Mr. Metcilfe, Mr. hii uiiib. Tlie Royal Acadcmf, it U Cm^ 
Mirall, and Sir Wm. ScnU, icot. e.ich, to intr:U Su rc^'.nft ptrmiif'in o( iwir Riiyrii 
fa* Ud outi if they think pni[wr, in the pur> Pairon to inter llieir decBiifrd rrsfiJeiit, s 
•hifaaf ft '■ '■ - 



(omsjad^y, inoroiKh innnceiice lu pta\ 
Inke lar enmity. Tlielofi Dfii..mjnuriii* 
be bit with iniR« finCL-n.', EciieralJ 
ixed forroiv. Sir JoAitu't cxecul 
[ura ar«ae Right Hon. EJmunJ Uurke, lulJ 
'mmd Mature, efq. an;! PMIi|i Metcalfe, efiJ 
akllie has '.eft CO cadiof them a mtmnrial ul 
Ml firiamKhip^ Ha hunade hiiniece, Mifi 
FdtKT, his principal, as well «" ' ' 




PRICES OF U'lIKAT, fn<tn tbt Rctunis emlTn.; F^hriiary i^, r79i. 
Firft DiftnA, LnvB-it, 5s. rj, licing id..| MAR1T1M>: CUl'IfTILS. 



INLAND C O L- N T I i: S. 



SiifiBT 
Heitfird 
Railbnl 
HuOlintiliM 



f CUit 4 loSi Oe:,hisl. 5 7 

' I 5 £iil!.ilk 4 <>. I ML-rimicth 5 la 
■>\ I CniiiSiLlse 4 B f Cirdisiii 6 1 



S cRuck'. 
S 3 Brecon 
5 4M"M.,-;.>- 



5 Lincoln 
<iv.,rk 

- J Cumhei'L 
X Wtflinurl. 

' i Clieaiire 



f Cirdisiii 
I Teinhpike 4 
9' *,1 Carmanh. 511 
). LGbraiM-j.in c j 
r GlmKeiUr , 4 
9 ro< Somarftt j 3 
Si [_ Monr,v;ii!h 5 J 
1^1 J IX--V..I. 4 ,i 
r,"iCon]ir.i!l j 1. 
fit D,,!*., i ,. 

;"i Hants 4 It 



Totd A»er;^t of tn-biii.' an.l V.-altf. P 
OATMr.\r., pcrBoUof 1. 
'AVKRAGE PRICE, l.y wluli J'.N«>"T»rios and 
DiAri£ls /. >■ ■f.jD^lli-i.-.s /. i. lilDilltifU 






"i Hi 






Fill 






NMIiJi 



I i's'i ' 
■ I a 8.i:| : 

5iJi,l jill' 



l-rl i 






- E- 



II 



lllllllll II 



JMJMs 
i^l^Lnrgs 

W!i| |,rfs 
li'lii iU!s 






? "ir 


': "^i^ I t^l pn "'if 


II 
' II 


.A ' "\ > 


1 


i II I^IHI ^lill n 


)}}} 


TUT TTl lilll hli 



Lint*! E*eiiiai 
It.JaBa'iClumt. 
WkintuU Etcd. 
LAUoBCkrop. 
l . o oJ»m ETenin|. 



EnglUb ChroB, 

BCiddMti Jooni. 
Caan(r4< Loud. 



VftmfiWi D irr 
MarniDg Hecild 

*- ■ igChn 



The Genf/eman's Magazine; 



Wori 



-Arfiu. 




['.■Ml— M. Puft 

jW«klTPipm 
Buh t, Briflol 4 
Bimingbua 1 
Ba<7SiEim.n4'> 

diucrban ■ 

For 



iufbr Feb. andMar. 11791 194 
Dr.AlkhiDntlieScliaolnuflerDf Mr.HowarJig; 
AialicnticiniifMr.Wel1a]>'iLcttenikiubtcd 191 
McIIunpf;noiiih«CrunaBrarMr.W«aey 197 
Tha Authorilvufihs Ltflcii asain deninl 198 
Mallet'* " William and MirBarai" viiujipiwil /*, 
Til* Criticirnu of Hefiod Cooke rcprohaied igg 
Mqnablu!ir.clTnecElTjr7inBi»kiufTravetiioa 
)tri4lgsatI>iiffidJ— Evan Evans— Erit:iphi 101 
Ste«plsL«i((urJ— Mi:.-noinDFfrof.MUhaelitioi 
CliuidiNDle>rrarnCuI wonh,co.Nnnbampionio; 
PaitraitiintlieOxrinilAliiiiii^ickiexriUiicd io6 
New PruCpea of ihe Uleef SuihIijf ScIiuoU 138 
Eanuriu oa vaiious Opinions of Fiirr Rin^io^ 
Petrified Human Heart — Rofamond'tTotiib iii 
Dr.Vemon'sMSi— Mnn-ewtll— Bp,Tay!ur ,1. 
ACritique on Hnfwetl's Life of Dr. Joligiun 11 j 
Sir J.Mju.bey'i Account of Cook: cuminued i iq 
SepulchralManumenn— Archd.t>aleT'EBook 111 
IniccipciiHu in Walo — DiflenEint Principles lii 
Oablam Fimil/oCRtKlttacr— Dr. Buckler :14 
TheriiflKiToFilMDry.lenFimilyiUuaiVeilite 
Wjiron'tA..(werloW»kefKld'iSoeMlWorniipii. 

Embellijbetl with a fine Portriiic of Probirur Mich. 
m Perfpeilive View of Din 
MifcelLuieoiis F1»M iiE Fa 



AnAnrwerto Ihe Sc DoaiinsoR epitllEiitidaa iiC 
Difpiiriooate RomarkE on lbs Slave Trade iiS 
Leiitrof ArclideaconBurnaby to hiiCl;rgii it, 
MeetinEaad Petition of LaicEllerfhireCIeirty (30 
A very taTy Remedy for the E^Mepfy, kc. aji 
Dr. Wilkei'i MSS. (or SCaffbi-illliirc naticed ii 
Tre;neDdDUiStonn a;EiJ)>RoncUshthoufe >|a 
C»iuinuation dT a new Hiftorr rF [he Gout Ii. 
The Tneiii^ and Eaincii rral PcJrifaaiooi 1)3 
Proceedinii of prefeot Ssllion of Pariianewtji 
'■■-■ -'--of Mr.PolivheleandhiiQiieriej ajl 
1011 KDminCacholicktpnUxedqmil 
the Dnrolnlhire Houfg nf liiduFhy it 
iples or the Scotch Epifcopaliaiu 139 
A Coin fouail in Wealdi of SuUn iUufttaled 140 

" ''","',"l',",'.=?"'! 
ui — Qaeries aadvertd lep 

F'iir.At&iii,DunclbcOccuriencei,liciG5 — 176 

?;;«, Dt-ith.', Preferment!, &c 177—186 

igc PricctofCom— TheatneilRciift. 187 

Dady Vai'ialiuuimllxl'ricesofthoSlockt aig 

I, engraved bjr Baiikt; 

kMini ; and a eurioai 



s.r L 1^ A N V 



URBAN, Gent. 



Rr by JOHN KICHOLS, RU \.\.«,-ea'Sii5.,-S\iW 
n to the Editor :!re dcf.reJ ti» bi iJCn-Sei, V«\t-» ^^' 



«»4 




ar 


Wind. 


BuBm. 


rlierm 


State of Weather in February 1J91. 


, 


S emtie 


19,>g 




(hnwerj all day 




ShriOc 


It 




jloamy, frequent (lioweR 




SW brHk 


SS 




clew, ftm, (iurmy , ind fliowery 




W snule 


s» 




Jear (kr. riiarmiEiE J.iy, /uj at night 


i 


SE alia 


7J 




.lull and louring moft pirt 


SE catm 


S" 




fcrei«, fiiow, rain P M. 


J 


B nodcratB 


*5 




clear, (bowert. Aim brifilil nifiht 


W moderits 


40 




ioiin»g, ftiowers 


» 


Ecabn 
S mwl«ral* 


91 
9° 


47 


^h te fmlt, rlaar fttf, fmi, pleafant 
".loniny, fair day 




S calm 




43 


E-^v. r'^faw day 




E olm 




50 


drur Iky. fun, fereBS detighlfui da; 




E calm 


!° 


43 


Hliite rroR, a tliick fas 




W .aim 




46 


thick foB, clean up ah-ut imon. 


W ulm 




48 


dark, clear fun, fwerw and pkafant 


E cilm 


gi 


46 


l>ttl«lleet, cold gufty day 




NgBille 


U 


39 


hai-d freft, (now, toowers Oighl 


t» 


N mwJcmto 


S" 


J8 


hard froA, omxail, rnow at iii£ht 




l miNlai-iEe 


3^ 


i9 


1,0ft, clear, pleaCml 




£olin 


43 


U 


froR, c\nr&r, detisMrul d:ir 




E calm 


40 


40 


Froft, dark, dean up, £□« day 




9E calm 


5° 


4° 


Oiglit frofl, dear, dirk and cold 




e brifk 


30 


39 


froA, cloudy, rain, P.M. eiireoie colli 




Eulm 


45 


4> 


«crc""hiV^ 


u 


SE mulcrate 




46 




Sbrifc 


3' 


43 


cloudy, Qiiht Oiowera 


11 


S moJ trite 


67 




avertaft> rain at nigla 


E bnflt 


JB 


4^ 


overcaft, mia 



8, Throftlc rmp. Pritne^fes in bloom. G real plenCf of bloom upon the filberts. U'al^ 
traesbttliliiis-— la. A moft lerme.wafm.nndi-leci&nldJj. TliermnrticMr 910111 of door* 
about one o'clock. Inleffii (filing lEiihe air. CooTeberty leaf i-rady to expand. Honey- 
Cockle leaf already Wspaiutd- — 14. Searoafs in [heevenins. — ij. Seagulls uiun the paf- 
(uiBs^-l6. The air tnoift. A great precijiicatioa of watci upm walli, drinkin|-T«(rels, kc 
Blight moun, and tevy flarlight. Aurora Eoiialk 

Fall of rain Ihli month 1 inchei i-iothJ. Evapontion i-ioth. 

tralim, *■«■ UvfvJ. J, HeLT. 









We 


teobO 


tooiCAL Table 


for M»fch, 


JM. 








OS 




8 




in. pt. 


Weather 

InMar. i;9t. 


M 


si 




-Z 


Biroir 
in. pi. 


W..ither 
in Mar. tj9i 


k'.t- 





"7" 








M-r 





"T" 


~ 






"7 


45 


s» 


4J 


19,19 


fair 


«J 


3" 


40 


3» 


JO ,01 


rain 




40 


S4 


4» 


3". 






4^ 


S' 


4S 


19 •55 


howery 




44 


SI 


4( 


'9.9S 


cloiily 


'5 


43 


47 


39 


>0i 


fair 


JVfl 


46 


5» 


46 


.76 


cloudir 


.6 


36 




+5 


.Hj 


f..ir 




47 


J' 




»45 




'7 


46 


5' 




,» 


fair 


3 


4! 


S' 


4?, 


.5'i 




i3 


3' 


37 


40 


30. 


ihuwerr 


4 


46 


50 


iS 




lain 


'9 


3S 


S» 


4» 


>I 


(air 


i 


44 


S' 


46 


,il 






J'* 


33 


4S 




fax 


< 




S" 


i9 


,4* 


.-onwer7 




15 


54 


40 


.°5 


cloudy 


7 


3* 




3S 


,46 


rajn 




44 


57 


45 


19.95 


fa>r 


1 


a 


4e 


2i 


'i? 


tlnudy 


»3 


44 


SI 




,90 


fair 


9 






1! 


'^^ 


fair 


=4 


47 


5° 




.75 


cloo,ly 




'■S 

:3 


36 

40 


t3 
31 


50,18 

,"8 

,40 


f!iir 
fa;r 


= 


5' 

47 


34 
S' 




■.SJ 

40 


cloud/ 
'air 



W, Cart, MitlwmatiMi loiWoHWOl-Miker, opi^ofite Aran del-Street, Strsnd. 

TUB 



U *■■ I 



_<_ ■ ", i * 



THE 



(•>s 



Gentleman's Magazine: 

For MARCH, lyqj. 

'^ BEING THE ThFrD NUMBER OF VOL. LXII. PART I. ~ 



Mr.ORBAi., Br»a4.Jtrut B,UMng,, 

' Marco 5. 

]nr^)0()fi(lC^H£ correfpoUdcot, p. 
W w I37> who has thought 

^ rp y^ proper to animadvert 
^ -'^ upon me on account of 

M )6( nhat I havefAicIrcfpe^- 

itXJjOSCjtf ingMr.Howard*sfchoo». 

maAer, has done it in a 
manner calculated to give an idea of the 
thing fo different from the truth, that I 
think it a duty to mylelf to lay before 
the publick the real (late of the cafe j 
after which, I (hall be in no pain refpeft- 
iog the judgnaeot of any man of can* 
dour* 

My purpc/fe of drawing sn exaiS^ por* 
trait of Mr. Howard necelTarily requir- 
ing me to mention the degree of his li- 
terary attainments, i was led, from his 
own mformation, to account for his ob- 
vious dcBciency in that rt(vt6^ on the 
ground of negligence or infufficiency in 
the perfen to whom his early education 
was intruded, i.knew not, at firft, the 
name of this pcrfon 9 ?nd, after I was 
informed of it, 1 rtfolvcd, from mo- 
tives of delicacy, to abHain from men- 
tioning it. Neither his name nor place 
of abode are to be fuund in my book. 
1 did more— >for an account having ap- 
peared in the UniverfBl- Magazine ve- 
ry favourable to his literary abilities, 
\ inferted ii in a note, as a fair counter- 
poife to the cenfure pailed on liim ; and 
cxpreflly declared, that I had no other 
foundation lor that ceufuce than Mr. 
Howard's own s^uthoriiy. 1 now appeal 
to every unprtjudiced readtr, whether 
I could poliihly have done what. I con- 
ceived roylelf Ijound to do— namely, 
publilii Mr. H's own account of the 
fburce of thole deft6ts under which he 
jabourcd— in a lets harlh and offcnfive 
irianner? The om.lii«in of all this gives 
ft fufficicrit ipcciniet) of your corre* 
ipondtni's candour. The prejudice un- 
der which he writes niauifeUiy appears 
from his .charging nte with exteiiding 
i^y.Gcniurc.io ^j)v Earner; a tiling itf 
i^kii / had pot the rcmuicll inttntiOD, 



and which, I am fure, can by no fair 
and rational cottfiru£kion be deduci^ 
from my words. They are as follows : 
" From this fchoo^he was removed 10 
Mr, £ames*8 accderay; but his conti- 
nuance there mud, I conceive, havt 
been of ihort duration ; and, whatever 
might be his acquifitions in that place, 
he certainly did nut fupply the defici* 
cncies of his earlier education." What 
is there here but a Ample relation of 
matter of fa£t ! and, if any inftrena be 
df awn from it, can it be ground of cen- 
fure of an academy, that a (hort conti* 
nuance at it, or even the' longed, will 
not make up for the want of a due foun- 
dation laid at fchool ? 

K% to yourcorreipoodent's grave au- 
thorities againd all reflexions on the 
dead, which go to the utter ezcludon of 
all hidorical and biographical truth, I 
ihall pafs them without any reply; nor 
do 1 think it necedary to apologife to 
him, or any other perfon, for thofe re- 
marks on education among the Did!ent« 
ers in general, which the occalion in- 
duced me to make. That they were 
well intended, no one^ I believe, who ^ 
knows me, will doubt. That they were 
not ill-founded, many have acknow- 
ledged. J.ArtciN. 

( 

Mr. Urban, AppUby^ March $. 

DOES the ^ap€ of the cypher IC, 
p. 115, on the feal, appear to agree 
with the autcgiapby of the 15th cen« 
tuiy ? 

In the quartering No. 12 Btrkhj^ p* 
121, the chevron might have been bla- 
zoned Mrmtne. The engraver has omit- 
ted the tiruaux on the label middlt 
point. 

The coin, dg. 3, p. 122, is evidently 
of Canute, hut probably coined in lie- 
land, as the reverfe is not like any of 
his coins iiruck in England, in Cam- 
den's Ntimsii Saxdaici. Fig. 4 has not 
the appe<irunc« of Canute's. 

The V/andercr» 9. i^%> >n'\VV ^^v»^ 
to lubftAnuAic \\u \v>\ww OaW\\"8^Q,^\^ 
allufivt\j cuftUJid\tU^ \)^ O. V, \. 



I 



f 



>96 JuAtntldtj rfMr. Wcfley* Letim denied. [Mardi, 

am DO acJTOcate for Mr. Weiley; yet the ume» both to clergymen todlaymeo 

let every one have juflicc, especially then prefcnt. However^ at it is fron 

thofe who cannot now plead their own xircumftances like thefe thai men's true 

caufib WhaKTer may have been their chsrafiers ire to be afceruintiiy and is 

opinions while living* let their failings fuch anecdotes may be uCpfiil to fpture 

(when dead) be truly (poken of with Ic* biographers, in appreciating the real me* 

iiity, or configned to oblivion. riu of celebrated meo» you are at liberty 

Yours» &c. J. Henn. to make what ufe ^u pleafe of the fo(«- 

— ■ ■ gobg communication. Verax. 

Mr. UaBAN, Mar€b 13. •«« U anfwtr f this Correjfondent, mml t§ 

IN your la(t Magazine you gave us ** H»C. of iitmcMt,*' tbeu^heMiiciryrftl^ 

what you call a genuine or authentic iMter attributed to Mr. Wefley refis with **th€ 

letter of the lace Mr. Wefley. It has l^ubUJhr^oftbeFampblet'* revmotdmp.i^n 

been the occaiion of much converfitton *^ w« havefinct cbferved the foUvwiitg Later 

and debate in this p*rt of ihe kingdom. *? f he PrifUer of Tb» Public Advertifer. 

Mr. Wcfley*SB friends and followers rtfufe „?»„„-, - . ^"'^^ »» »79«- 

to give it the leaft credit; fome people , " HAVING feen a letter in yourycfter- 

are doubtful, but many beliewe it a true £Li1S^' ^?if \^ ^^l"^^tf n'' * ^T^ 

and genuine'cffufion of his mind, How- I^eto'Lrf Jt;^^^^^^ 

ever, as the authcniicuy or fpurioufnefs « gome time ago, I faw tl« fa^ \I^^ a 

of that letter is a point of fome impoit- ^ f^^^ anonymoi pamphlet, out of which 

ance to many, both clergy and Isity, you your con cfpondent lias cxtra««l it. The 

will oblige great numbers of your con- whole pamphlet uas fo unworthy theootico 

llapt readers, by takirg proper fteps, as of any roan of ftnfc, that ( thoiight it beft to 

you are upon the fpot, to put this matter fizU it ovei- in perfe<'t lilence. Bu( tlie i^ 

.,outof difpute. poblicat-rn of the let»cr in youi paper ia» 

As decency and propriety of btha- ducedme tocalloi: tlie prmtcr of thepam- 

viour in the Eftabliflied clergy, «klun pblet to enquire for Uie author. 1 wasre- 

ihey adminifler the public ordinances of f*:Tnrcd to a young man who had beenfor^ 

religion, have, of late, in your Magaz-ncs JJf Jx ^^^ug- 1 i p in a charity-fchool of Mr. 

been the objca cf much notice; 1 will ^ cfl«ys» »"' who, as the printer informed 

relate lo you a faa, of which I was an TV"^^' "V m^H'^^ hoaic in Worihip. 

cyc-wi;neYs. On the firtt Sunday of every ^J^^!' ^!.T'^^ ^ '''"fZV ^°' ^*^y°""8: 

Jonth, the Sacr.ment of the Lord' S^-'on hft Sa- u S . J^^^^ 

M •«••/! »• I '/LI u ^""^ on jait oa Uiii J V he packed UD his trunks- 

Supper IS adm.niftcrcd .n the par:(h church ,„j f,,,j,„,y uccam'pe<l, withoi/lel4,7any 

of Leeds in Yorkfhirc, when frequently dii-eftio-if. where he might be found 

fix or feven hundicd communicants and «« j beg I'-ave to aifur^ you arid the pub- 

thirtecn or fourteen clergymen attend, lick, that, fiom an intmaic and moft confi- 

Indeed, it is one of the moft refpe6lab!e dential acquaintance witii Mr. Wefley for 

communions in the kingdom, and is an about fourteen years, lam certain the letter 

honour to the Eftahlifticd Church j though is a FoaoEay. 1 am, Sir. your humble fcr- 

fome late fuiile attempts have indecently ^tu, Thomas Coke, 

been made to derogate from its celebrity, ^'^ChaptitCitjRoad** 

and diminifli the number of communi- _^ " ' • 

cants. One Sund«:v, fome years ago, Mr. Urban, Sundir land, March ^m 

Mr. Wefley, and Mr. Fletcher (Flc- \ ESTERDAY was put into my 

chierc) attended, and alfiflcd in adminif- + *'»"^* your Magazine for February, 

tering the elements J buHheir method of which contains, among other more im- 

doing this was far different from the de- P^rtant matter, a fort of antwer by O. P. 

vout and ordt rly method prafilifed by the J.°» *«"f *^ ^'g»«<* " A Wanderer,*' and in- 

clergy who ufually appear in that f acred ^""^^^ >" fbe number for January. I 

place. Thcfc read the prayers and deli- fatter myfelf, that every candid reader 

verthe bread and wine to each pcrfon fe- **' ^J Memoirs of Wefley muil have 

parately ; hut Mr. Wefley and Mr. P*f*^«>v«^» liowever free] y the objeaions 

Fletcher rend the prayers, previous to "**/ ^ ^ated againfl fome poincs in that 

the dchvcry of the bread and wine, to gentleman's principles and public con- 

nine or ten people at once, only touch- ^«*^> ^hat it has been no pait of my 

ing each perfon with the hand ; and each — — ^— — ,p_-_-^,.^ 

pciion lo* touched had the bread and wre * J. Luflman, Alfred Buildings Wind- 
deli Tercd to him, without a word nioic mill-ftmt, Moorfitlds. •* ' 
heingfaid. This prj^ice, unufual, and. t 1 bis is a diUerent jetter from phat in p. 
|V tij/ukj indecent, gi ve m uch bifencc it ? 5 3 $ but rei^s on die ihme authority. En 1 t! 



179^3 Mr. HampTon m thi Cbaralfir »fMr. Weflef* 197 



pUtt to dtftmd to pctfonaKty or inrec- 
tivc Ht it trctfed theft u a public 
^umderi and, ib lir from feckingoc- 
cafion for male voleat views of hit con- 
^uSt in private life, 1 have eautiouilf 
i^bflained from eren hinting at the nu- 
merout report* (b generalljr kaown to 
hare been circulated to his difadvantage. 
There was indeed a perfon, who, in the 
coorfe of hit travaJt through every pare 
of chefe kingdoms, made it bis buHnefi 
to take down in writio^^very anecdote 
lie could glean, with the names o{ the 
parties, and every other circumddnce 
that might contribute to their crcdibiii- 
tji but this example I have in no re- 
fyc€t imitated. 

In my book, the affair of Mrs. WiU 
liamfoo is certainly touched with all pof- 
lible delicacy and tendernefs. It was 
impoifible totally to omit it, becaufe, in 
Ibme of its circumdances, it was gene* 
;rally known. Affidavits on the fubjefl 
liad been circulated, cither foon after, 
or before, hit ariivai from Georgia ; and 
he had himrelf mentioned it in the jour- 
Jialt from which my siccouot is taken : 
|b that, if any thing unbvourable to his 
cftimation in the eye of the publick 
ihould aiife from my reprefentation, the 
fault lies not in me, but in him who 
jtbought it neceiTary to take notice of the 
trani'adion ; and yet did it in a manner 
/ftrangely indecifive, and in terms evi- 
dently un(ktisfa£tory and inadequate. 
In a cafe which htmfelf hdd rendered 
£o dubious, I never pretrnded to decide, 
but Moated it, as it ought to be treated, 
hvpotheticaliv; and left it, as other 
theories are (bmetimes obliged to do, in 
the fame ftate of myOery m which I 
found it. 

Your correfpondent Q. p. who pro- 
fefles himfelf a pcrft£t Granger to me 
till he faw my publication, has not treat- 
ed me, in fo early a period of our ac- 
/luaintance, with much confideration. 
He feems rather to have ranked me a« 
roong his intimates; for he has certainly 
treated me without ceremony. If he 
)ias not given me the lye dire'£V, he has 
gone as near it as polfible. it does not 
become me to imitate hino; but it will 
be very proper to Hiew, that he judged 
too raflily in a maiier which did not 
fairly come before him: and that it is at 
leaA weak and puerile, if not dan^e« 
tout, to ere£l a fupeitiruflure on the 
ileoder and precaiious baOs of mere 
fonjedlur/:. 

A copy it now before me of a letter 
yhich J Bddrefl€d to a p^rttculaftticu^f 



dared Dec ao, 1790 (more tbaa two 
months before Mr. Wefley't dtath), in 
which are thefe words: '* Shall the me* 
moirs be publiflied now, or after hiide* 
ceafe? It is impoflible to maJce him 
more public than he is already: nor 
do I think the fame delicacy neceflarr 
in his cafe, as in that of a private indi* 
▼idual. The hiftory of his life it, itt 
fa 6^, a hiftory of Methodifm; and, at 
I combat many of hit viewt and pro- 
ceedings, I am in fome doubt whether 
it be not more manly to publiih imme« 
jdiately ; that, if he pleafe, he may offer 
his animadverfions, efpecially as he baa 
latdy aferted, in the preface to the lad 
four volumes of fermons, that his pow« 
ers are not at all impaired." This let-^ 
ter was communicated by my friend to a 
refpefiabLe clergyman; The refult watp 
that the two former volumes ihould be 
firll published, and at foon as they coul4 
be got ready; and the firft, and half the 
fecond, were a^ually printed off at the 
time of Mr. Weflcy's deceafe. If this 
account needs any further confirmation^ 
1 appeal to my printer and hit compo- 
fitor. 

Upon the whole, Sir, O. P^s hint 
concerning '*envy and calumny" touch* 
es not me. I have not ^aluihniated 
Mr. Wcfley. I have never envied him. 
And with my viewt of power and do- 
minion, and the high rerpe6t and vene- 
ration I have ever had for the Greai 
CoiUt/s Libtrty^ whom *' mil tbt nnwrtd 
^Mjor/hifetby** or §ugbt /e mo^rJbiPf VL 
was impoffible 1 /boM rtgivd him either 
with envy or emulation. Now he ia 
gone, it is not my intention to detraft 
from his real merits. Let thofe whVi 
flittered him when alive purfoe him 
with their fulfome panegyrieks now he 
is no more; and fcatter their impure 
odours upon his tomb! As for Mr* 
O. P. he may perhaps live to leaoi, that 
to excufi a mon'i failings for tbtj'mki of 
i6fii//r/ir// is one thing { while, to paint 
him as all ptrftdion is anotiier : and it it 
the dutv of the hiftorian to remember, 
that his hero was a man. Hoping that 
you will do me the juttice to inl'ert thit 
\n your valuable mifceltany, I remain. 
Yours, &c, John I^amfsok. 

P. S. The gea^cman, who figns ** A 
Wanderer," wilt accept my beft thankt 
for his good opinion and kind offert of 
future comm^ntcaticns. Should he 
have any thing further to impart, which 
he may judge proper for inlcrrion, ia 
aafc of a fecond e^\uov\, «.\e,ti«t ^v«,^^K 
to the. Rev. J. Hatn^fo^* ^mt^^^^^xw^^ 



198 . Mallet'f *' WiRiam and Margaret^* wnJieateiL [MarcJi, 

readers of every defcripcion/ i wirmtfit 



' wiU findnMy wherever I -may be, and 
will be rei:oJved with ihankt, J. H* 

Mr. Urban, March to. 

THE author of the pamphlet whenet 
the letter in your hift» p. 151, is 
taken, ia a yoong roan diAantly reiaud 
to the family of the Welleys, who was 
ftceired on charity into the Methodift. 



and MMtwrftiri/ of admiration, which if 
is the lot of (tw poetic cosipofitioDS ta 
attain. Ticket's fweec ballad, Colin and 
Lucy, is a manifeft imitation of M/i; 
and, with all its mournful graces, is of 
acKnowledged inferioiity. itrr, of the 
William and Margar£-t, thiscu« 
rious critic has the tfftontery to fay, He 



Icbpol at Kiogrwood by John Weiley ; ^uld 99t have taken Jo much notice §f 

and, axafperated at not being left a ic* 

gacy by that good man (who had too 

much juflice to enrich any of his rela« 

aiooswith money colle£led for the poor), 

Ke adopted this noble method of re* 



▼ensc. 



No Methodist. 



U any perfon wiQies further parti* 
cvlari and proofs, that tikc letters^ the 
|>amphkt are n%t authentic, they may be 
iaii&5cd, by applying to G. Wolff, efq. 
America-fquare s Mr.- Horton, Uigh« 
|>ory-pIace, Iflington; or Mr. More, 
City-road^ Chapel- houfe. 

Mr. Urban, LiebfieU, March 10. 

I FEEL impelled to addrtfs you by the 
Orange approbation Sir Jifeph Maw* 
bey exprefies, in your vol LXI. p. 1182, 
«f Hefjod Cooke's defpicable ilri^ures on 
that tranfcendent little poem, Willi AM 
ikiip Margaret. Right (Irange, in- 
deed, does it feem that any gentleman, 
so whom poetic literature feems of the 
llightefl conr<.quence, ibould think it 
worUt while to rake up from the afbcs of 
oblivion fuch envious and futile com« 
lRen;s ; worth nothing, except to evince 
fiioir author's unqucftionable claim to his 
ftcuation in the Dunciad, where only we 
have found bis name on the records of 
celebrity. 

It wa!> with indignant difguft that I 
perufcd the conceited pedant's ftupid ob- 
krvations, and frontlefs difdain of a co- 
temporary author, fo infinitely fuperior 
%0 himreif. Befi^es the matchlefs ballad 
so qucfiion, there are fereral other poems 
hy the Ume author, which will live, and 
)»e admired through future ages, except 
poetic tafte Ihould become eximd in this 
Aiition. 

Dr. John Ton julliy obfenre*, that what* 
f ver has continued, through the lapfe of 
^anv years, al'ke \\\c favourite of the 
learned and of the coiUDon reader, mull 
4eferve rhe reputation If has attained. I 
am aware that this obfervation proves the 
futii:ty of Johnfon's tmiu criticifDis in 
cofntkf^ inlta/^ccsi but it is not there- 
fyii. I he Ids /r/y^i and ic tHablifhes the 
|tia U] of the Wi;.LIAM ANO Ma&GA.'-* lu glided >. arRsreiV Krimlv gl«oft, 

^JLT to fi\ctJUcsific, fiMGfi it hii me:, from. Aud ^llod ^ WvU*jain\i<cu • 



f/, hai^ it mot bica ome of tbi very SILLT 
things admirid, 

Qe praifes, and juftly, VinccnV 
Bourne's Latin tracflaiion. It i$ cer- 
tainly vcre 6nely rendered; and, like the 
free tranilations of all people of genias, 
pofleiTes fome added bejuties; but the 
chaiaderiflic merit of the Englifli, and 
of the Latin poem» are different. The 
firft has the (implicity of our elder bards 
Spcnfcr and Shakfpcare, the latter the 
expanded dcfcriptions and luxuriant 
graces of Collins, Mafon, and Gray ; 
while for the impreflire imagery, the ex* 
quifite 6mile in the fecund ilanEa, the 
(olema invocation, the pathetic re« 
preaches, and the gem ml dramatic (pi* 
rit, our thrilled hcans are indebted to 
Mallet folely; thuugh the flansa from 
Beaumont and Fletcher, with which iht 
poem opens, might fug^eft ilcfrft idea. 
That a man of Vincent Bourne's genius, 
learning, and iat\e, thought it worth em* 
plo)ing his ta'encb in a Laiin (ranflatton^ 
is a tetliraony in ks favour that would 
outweigh an armj of fuch diflcntients, 
even it it had been as ubfoletc, and ntg- 
levied, as it has been quoted, and ad. 
mired, from its firfl appearance to this 
hour ; imitattd by our poets, and traced 
by our painters. 

Bein^ ever my opinion that a falfe 
rhyme can be of little moment in a pOLOi 
which pollclfes the^/r^er^nentiaU of ex* 
cellciice i and ihar, to Avoiii fuch fault, 
it cannot be worth while to iaciifice the 
ilighicft degree of propriety in the fcnfc, 
or of grace io the imagery, I csnnoc 
think, with Sir J. Mawbey, tha: Millet, 
in his later editions of this fubltmeiy (im* 
pie ballad, has improveJ the tiift lla. za, 
by altering it thu£ : 

Wlien all was wrapt in d;irk midnight, 

And ^11 were fait ajleep ; 
Jn-glided Margaret's grimly ghoft. 

And itood ai Willtam's fuel. 

To 

*Twa«! at the filcnt UAt mti bcnr 
Whfin night an- morning rwccc ; 



IXxt 



^79^1 ' Mallet'i *^ William and Margartt** fnnduated. 199 



buried 10 Umek, as cmblemhticof the !»• 
mcnced' defcitioa which had caufed her 
death. 

" So ftiall the faireft face appetir 
When youth and yeiirs aie flown \ 

And fuch the rohes that Kings maR wear. 
When Death has reft their crown." 

The fccond line of the above four fall? 
upon erery ear, feoiiblc of the fefcina- 
tioD of numberty with all the luxury of 
mournful melody. Tb« fweet allitera- 
tion of the letter^* and the plenitude of 
the nfrwiht produce it. In the two laft 
lines the idea is better than the cxpref* 
(ioD, which wants eleration. Upon tbim 
the Latin iroproYes, thus : 

** Comque dies ab^nint molles, & beta y^ 
ventns, 

Gloria paliebit fic, Cypariffi, tua : 
Cum mors Uecutet ^piti diaOenna:a, regum 

Hilc erit in u-abed confp'xlendus honos.'* 

Our redoubtable ciitic pronounces the 
enfu'.ng verfe poor in comparifon of its 
Latin tranflation : 

« But Love Iiad, like a canker-wornii 
Confumd her e irly priroe \ 

The role grc'.v pale, und left her check, 
She died before her t»me.*' 

^ $«d lenta exedit tabes nrioUemque niborenOy 
Ft faoles rifus, & juvenile deciti : 

Et rof.i piulatim langncn?, nuda'a reliquit 
Ofciila ; prxripuit mors properata Clilocii.'* 

*' The flow confumj>tion ftcali"*^ away 
the (oft blu(h| and faciie fmiltf^ fiom the 
youthful lip," is, perhaps, even mort 
poetic than tlje fimile of the canker* 
worm/ but it is only in a fingie degree, 
and, '• a premature deAtbJnatcbtd anumy 
Cbtoff* i« inferior to the fiinple pathos of 
** S!»e died before her time," 

This malignant commentator thea 
pafl'es oyer in fi*ence tlic foUmn, the 
hartling invocation ; the touching quef- 
tions and reproaches cf the injurecf (pi- 
nt; fo tranfccndcntJy natural, and of 
fuch heart* affc£iing (implicitv, that no 
future plaint frorn a love-Hrickcn maid, 
or from l.cr upbraiding appaiition, can 
ritual ihcm in intcicfliig pjdios — Yes, 
he paiTes over ilx-in in the filtnce of 
confcious envy, hopi'^g, perhaps, that 
bccsufc he mentions x\\".\i\ not, tVcir ex- 
cellence will l)e inv'ifib!c, li!:e ihcDllfich, 
which, when puifuul by iti hunters, 
thrullsirs hcsd iiito the (and, and fancies 

is more redundant, more ornamenti:d, that, hecaufe it will not fee tbtm, they 

Imt much tefs pathetic, tlian the ftriking cannot (ce it. 



The plunneis of the original is much 
more ftrikuig ; -inaoimitc objcds wrapt 
k (Urkoefs, and the litiog world in deep 
leepu I woflder that the author could, 
iK the ca? iU of mirbal critics, confect to 
change it, and for an aflertioo philofophi- 
cally /i4f^» ^^^^ night and morning ne- 
ver ik meet, the latter ilealia^ upon the. 
fofincr, and melting away its ihades. 
Mr. Bourne, was or my opinion, and 
tranilated the firft reading. 

* Omnu nox tenebris, tacitaqne involvtral 
unbra, 

Et feflos homines vinxerat alta quies; 
Com Talvae patuere Jc pafTa ilbpfa filenti, 

Thfrfidis ad leaum ftabal imago Chloes." 

Mallet's fimile, in the next ftanza, has 
DO fuperior in all the (lores of our poetry, 
and IS, of itfelf, fufBcient to place its 
author Mgh in the lids of genius, lor it 
is wholly his own. 

*' Her &ce was:, like an April mom. 

Clad in a wf nt'ry doad ; 
And day-cold was her lily hand, 

That held her (able fhroud." 

Who, that has feeo the corpfe of a 
lovely young \yoman, does not feet the 
■effer-cxceDed b«auty and greatncfs of 
thif comparifon ? not imitative, nor of 
•MoiTJ rafemblance, yet of all other fi- 
militudes beO calculated to convey a jaft 
' idea of youthful Beauty, ibadowed over 
by the dim foffufion oi Deaths It equals 
in excellence Milcon*s comparifon of tlie 
face of Sttan to the Sun, '* ihorn of his 
*' beams." The Latin vcrfion of that 
iUnza has great merit. 

** VuUus CTTH, quails l^chrymofi vultus 

April!?, 

Ctti dubb hybemo conditar imbre dies j 

Quaque fepulchralero a pedibus colL^git a« 

mi^um, 

Candidior nivibns, frigidbrque manus.*' 

Yet the perfoniBcation of April rather 
injures than improres the fimile. It is 
eofnpSting a countenance to a counte- 
nance, an imaginary face to one fuppofed 
Tifih'iC, liowetei dimly feen; and wants 
the ift>blt firDplicity of a chill and ihow- 
cry morning in fpring, compared to the 
nalc cold eb)*r& defcrihec!. The gather- 
ing Op the fepulchral roue from her feet 
gives the added beauty of graceful motion 
fiothefairmoumful apparition: yet," with 
'' an hand whiter and colder than fnow," 



compound -epithet clay-eold. The im- 
p'jted ahfurdity of the epithet fable for 
the fhroud is done away by concluding 
liat the fair ffxrfakea had iiijrid io be 



Failcnirg with harpy- claws upr^n the 
13th ilarza, he calls it the m'lUfl irafi 
ima^in.»l)lc. If ibis >NOtVs Vm\ \vav\ Ju^'h 
trafh, they wo\i'd r.oi\vii\C M*t.V> ^% ^c 



too M^ atfiluufy fut^ffhij H Bnb ffTraffels. [ lAtfd^ 

/K^thcmfook from the remembrtDceof fine ftonr in blank ▼cifv by Mallet, 

tbepghltck. AmYmtoi AMD TllEOBORA. Iticha- 

•• The hunjiy worni my fitter it, »{^«^" «f d incidemi are infinirely inrtr- 

TliU wiiuHng-lheet I wear ; «"«og » the vrrfificaiioii u full, varied, 

Jlnd cokl, and wtttry la(b oiir night >Dd niajeftic i the fcenie-paliting and the 

Till the laft room appear. " imafrcry are brought to the eye with (kill, 

•^Germanus inihi vermU edax, depafcitar f^jf"'*"!^*?*.*^ abounda with fub. 

jjyjy, jeas for the hi (tone pescil i the morahtj 

CofrntoP ; nee adhiic eft fatiata femes : " P"W» ^^^ P»cty exalted. A. S. 
£t gelidxy & loQgx rettant mibi taedia noeHc, 



DemuoAeimexcipiatlongayfupremadies." Mr. Ueiam, March i^J^ 




J.C, yc.,- "•'^r:""" Vk{/'";;'^7- monly they aflford much both improrc- 

Kriptural exprelfion, and has fine mcta> / ^ . "': n xi* r^ ^- / 

^»^. /.."^ .! uj-^r .— u naent and iniiructfon. One misfoitune 

shone fpt! it I and the thud and fourth • . r i. i ■ i 

piui I M"»\» ." "• ..._"'r ^^ 11, that often they come unattended by 

Ihnil us with ihcir awetul diicomfort, ' u:uf^ j. *r 

Md eompUi.mg melody. P* expref- f. ™»P. "huh I regard «• a very efTen- 

«o», MwrO. fublime. Wefindch. "«• deficiency, becufe, hou^h. .e.d.r 

Latin T«6on ot th.t fi.r.» be.utifUl, m^yh.ve rgood general nocoo of geo. 

.hooRh the worm » ,A,r, .00 much f';P''>'flrM^",?i^ "?!,'"*!'','"'•"'* 

• li » ■ pl»ce«. which the triveller hat viued 

t? ft ,' r ,t. .!>.„ „,^. J. r« f^u •■><» defciibci. Thus Moof. Delloa't 
Miner Cooke then proceed* to uv> a . i .lA i/i r c -i t j 

ttitt " the Uft ft.i,za"s «i W-i. Aec.unt«fth*Ifle of Sicily, London, 

L.. I .^ t .1. A .-...■.:_„ 17S0, 8?o. ipiye me not half the ple«« 

What » Mfr «« one o» the rnoft touch n|i. ^J » J^ ^ P^ 

and liarinoniout quatrains in our Ian- '"'* " "."7" """' """"» "•"»"»«» 

gttage. the fituatioi of the particle •• ii" "««^?!i«"'/-.' ««?•. "^ '^'/•P" 

SolTeKcepud. Let i» «ram»e with "i*''> .'j'^ °/ 5.«- *«»"'^ ' ?*/T?^ 

What jutticVthe final ftans. i. fcpto- «J '"f "« *( Cypr.j tranflated from 

l^l^jj ' '^ the lulian. Load. 1^91, a vola. 8vo, 

Mid of many ocheit. Perhaps it may be 

*« And thrioe he caU*d on Mar|aret*i name, iajd, that aa Atlas, or fome one of thofc 

Aod t'tfice he wept, fuU ftire I |^^ bodies of geography, of which- 

Then Uid hb«l*ek to her cold jrave, weliave fevesal in oor language, roar 

And word 4N>ke never more." y^ ^„^ j^^ ^^ ,fl-^ft ^^e unexperienced . 

The two firft liaes are folenn, and hd* reader} but every one has not this help 

prcilivc i the two lad merely narrative, to fly to ; and, moreover, thefe grand 

Dut they are »U they ought to be. After works cannot be fuppoftd to exprefs aa 

three pieicinf invocations, and three (ore abundance of minute villages, fuppofe 

pirQxyfms of remoifeful tears, he laid his Vbich the curious percgrioator may 

c|ie<rk to the grave, and never (poke asain. have oceafioo to note and defcribe. So 

What «#/^ of ornamental language for a tbar, to make flion, Mr. Urban, 1 do 

circumAaoce fo affe^ing? fimplytomcn- not efleem any volume of travels into 

lion it was the fole bunocfs of ilue judi. the interior of a country to be a com« 

cious poet. Upon the heart of the reader plete and fatisfaf^ory performance, wi b* 

the aweful cataArophc is left to produce out it be iilufirated by a particular chart, 

its fotm eflre6^. expreliing the itinerant's route. 

Since the futility of thefe envious cri* Natural dumbnefs arifes, no doubt, 

ticifms has» 1 truft, been dcmonftrated, from perfect and total dcafnefs, wbieh 

it would be fuperfluuus 10 vindicate the is, indeed a lamentable and rooft pitia» 

author uf this matchiefs poem where his ble Aate. May not thia, in fome cafes, 

btkcr works are attacked by the fame ma* be owing to want of a perforation ex« 

levolcntbut pOAcrlelk (pleeo. To Thorn- tending to the auditory nerve? and in 

fon, if e chaimiog Thomfon, the Jiffi thii cafe, may not thii original defe£^ 

of all dcfcriptivc potis, it alto imputes be ailiftcd and relieved by piolonging 

** obfcuic and i^«// proicpopoeii; ," calU that perforation.? but as to tiie intiiu* 

ingthcTc kindircd b.'.ids ** ibttim S^ois" inert to be ufcdjandii e mode of opera* 

in contempt ! tion, I leave thc-fe to the fertile invention 

J caAHot omit this oproitunity cf p2). oi Mr. Wathen, and others of our moft 

Xo|^ l£ir rrii;ute 0/ jull (.liCum'iumio vi.*i e^Lytccr sinatonuU& and iurgcons, L. li« 

•»• Tl/t /.CATEMIC, No. U. iarrA too Uu ^r ;IV. Uoa;b, 



\ 



. ' 



*- 



1 79^-3 DafficM Bridge, — Evan Evans,— if^z/tf^ij, liu aot 



Mr. Urban. Ford, March 17. 

J RETURN you ihe drawing (pi I) 
of Uu£eld Bridge, near Derby ; of 
which an accottnt w;)s jE^iven id p. 13* 

There w«rc at the time of the Norman 
Coaqucft a church and prieft at Du fficld. 
Tie ^reicoc church is dedicated to Sr. 
JUikinvady aod once belonged to the 
eoltcgiate church of Our Ladf in the 
Nevrark at Lcirefler. Ic cootaini little 
worth notice except an altar-tomb of Sir 
Roger Minoii, aod hi» lady ; and, when 
I fawthe church laA, there was water in 
it to the depth of two feet, owing to a 
flood which had deluged the neighb(»ur- 

hood. J. P- M/ILCOLM. 

Mr. Urban, M^reb 6. 

THE Rev. Mr. Evan Evans, for- 
merlf of Oriel Collc(;e, Oxford 
(fumamed, in Wales, Frydjdd-bir, the 
long bard), author of Difftrtmtio dt Bar* 
4fi» i Specimens of aoticnt VVel(h Po« 
ctrji a poem, intituled, The Love of 
our Country, &c.; and who, I believe* 
it the pcrfon alluded to by Antiquariut 
p. 119, was a native of Cardigan (hire, 
where Ite died about the year 1789, tt 
Ilia brother's houfe, a farmer, on the 
banks of the river Rheidiol, near Abcr- 
yA%vyth; on u-hofe bounty he fublilled 
fiveral years previous to his death, and 
%»rhere his MbS. mod probably no^v are. 
Sir Watkin Williams Wynne, of Wyn- 
flay, forfome years allowed him a ImaJl 
annuity of lol., which, for fome rea- 
ibns, he afterwards withdrew. Mr. 
£vant made feveral applications to the 
then Bilbop of Sr. David's, and other 

fencleraen, but wttiiout effc6t, as lie was 
cho'an excellent Scholar and Anuqua- 
ry) fuffered liicrally to (larve, witnout 
cvcnacuracy. A constant IIeadek. 

Mr. Ubban, March 7. 

THE folioiving epit<iph was copied 
from a monument m Swinbicuk- 
church, near Biiri\>rd, in the county of 
Oxford. Yuiii'&, &c. S. 

** In pioiu memory of 
Sir Edmund Fettiflace, knight. 

. Rasid and recoid rare Edmund Fetti place, 
A luiight right wtnrthy of bis r.iiik :iiid r..ce, 
Wlwfe prudent mauai^e intwu lu^ppy reigns, 
Whoft* publique fen'ic«, aiul whui'e pnvaio 

paiu», 
^'hofezcal to Goi!, and towards illfeverity, 
^'hofc temperance, viiuifejuilice, wliofelui' 

ceiiiv, [I'ma'l, 

Whcfe futive i.'.tU-nefs towards ere.a and 
Whofe hah atid h;\ e to fneudi, witc, chd- 

liren alt, 
Gfciki. Mac. Jl!^nf>j i;^:! 



In life and death made him beloved, and dear 
Tu Ctxl ami men, aod ever famous here. 
RIeflrtI in (bul, in body, gtxxl^. nnd n.ime, 
In plenteous plants hy a moil v inuous dame ; 
Wiio with his lieir, as to liis woith ftill deb- 
tor. 
Built him this tnmh, hut in her heart a tietter. 
He died the aoth of Juoe, 1613.'* 

Mr. Urban, Feb, 11. 

SO long afo as 1769, fubfcriptions 
were received "by James Byres, ar« 
chiie£l at Komc," for a folio volume, 
to be intituled, ** The Etrufcan Anti- 
quities at Corneto, the Ta:quinii of the 
Antientsi" in which there were to be 
*' at leaft fixty plates, engraved bv Mr. 
Norton at Rome." Can any of >ojr 
correfpondents give any intelligence oi 
Mr. Byres, or Mr. N 01 ton ^ One gui- 
nea and a half were paid at the time of 
fubfcriprion, and the fame fum was to 
be piid 00 the delivery of the book* 
The book has not been delivered, nor 
the firft payment returned. One of 
thefe alternatives is luicly expedient. 

Where are we to tind \ht J'(n/emt€imib 
fatire of Juvenal, mentioned ia p. laio 
of your ld(l volurfie^ 

In p. laao, col. 1, I. at, we (hoald 
read " country alone, but." 

To your curious inquirer in pp. 33ft*39 
the following information fiom ** The 
Companion to the Play houfe, 1764," 
may not be unacceptable: " it is not 
improbable that Mr. Jchn B.incroft, the 
author of tw.» tr.'igedics, might be related 
to, or a defccnd^nt from, Mr. Thomas 
Bjftcroftf of So^^anton, in Dcrbyfliire, 
whom (ir AOon Cockaine hasielelMrated 
as a poet oi efteem." See ** Ceckainc's 
Poems," Svo. 1658, pp. 103, iia, 1x69 
156. Your's, &c. Scrutator. 

Mr. Urban, Feb. *. 

KNOWING you are fond of anriqui- 
neS| from the coni.aut perufal of 
your excellent work for thefe niany years 
p^il, permit me to give you an account 
of ihe ic£iors of Steeple Lan£ford, 
Wilts, for (hefe lall ih^ ytars ; and 
Ihould you ihinkuwuith inictting, you 
will oblige A. B. 

** I railiam, redtor, oh. Sept. 12, 1607.* 
In a cuinci niche in the church, la 
hik CitDonicah, is the rolK wmir: 

" The cflisies of ihe rev. Mr. Jufcph Col- 
lier, who was nilti:utcd rcttor or tliib parifh 
in \he bc^juiiing of the laft century, vrz. 
A. 1). 1608, and wa^ huned m 1635. He 
\va^ fucccrded by hss fon Hciu;v', who, ni 
ll.e lime of \\\t rebellion, was (equeftred 

froixi 



202 Steeple Lzngford.— Memoirs 9f Michaell*. [Marcli, 

from the parfanage 15 years, and retook dcfcrving a place in your valuable Ma- 
pofTefllon on the i8th of Sept. 1660, and gazine. 



cied Marjh 1670. Arthur, his youngeft fon. 
fucceeded him, and died in Sept. i Cq6 ; he 
was fuccccdcd by Arthur liis ^dcft fon, and 
the founh of tliis family who were fuccef- 
feiiively re^ftors of this parifb. Margaret, 
the relifl of the laft nanned Arthur Collier, 
ordered this infcription to be placed here ; .is 
ahb that ever the' grave -ftone of ti.e faid 
Arthur on the ift of Juljr 1734, ^ teftimony 
of her affcilionate regard." 

The epitaph on the lad. Arthur Col- 
lier, buiband of the above M-trgaict, 
who fold the living to Corpus Chrifli 
College, Oxforf), 1730, is fixed on the 
wall in the chancel: 

*' To the memory of the rev. Arthur Col- 
lier, rcftor of this parifb, who was born 
0€\.. 1680; he married Margaret, daughter 

. of Nicholas Jtibnfon, efq. by whom he left 
ifTue two fons, Arthur and Charles, and two 

•d.iu2hter5, Jane a-d Margaret ; and he was 
buried Sept. 9, 17^2." 

N. B. The laft named Margaret was 
living fomewhere in the Iflc of Wight 
withm thefe 10 years. 

The following is the epitaph of the 
firft rc6lor from Corpus Chrifti College ; 
he was thefather of the late Dr. J. Bal- 
lard, fellow of Winchefter College, and 
redtor of FortfcH, Hants. 

JoHAKNi s Bat lard, S. T. P. 

Hujiis ecclcfia; per triginta aanos, 

Recior i^criTctuc lefidens, 

Obiic A. D. 1763, aet. 70. 

EtpRAKciscA Hamrici Gorino, 

de HiRhden, in a>m. Suflfex, haroni fil-a, 

|»cr decern ar.nos & fex mcnfci uxor cji;a, 

bouse f(>rm%, U eximix benignitatis, 

ergo ch.-irifiima ; 

Qux puerperio obiit dievig. nov. Q€t* 

A. D. 1749, ^^' 35* 

Kccnoii coram lilieri, 

Carolos fequimeftris, 

Martha vigiriiirc; dies nata, 

Chrirt'.:!!.! 4uaJiimul.i, 

Lliz. ul". i! lex annos nata. 

Ltoei i fupt ri^ite", 

Johauiic-' U. FrancifLa, 

Miz. & llarricns. 

Pictaiis ei go M. M. P. P. 



John David Michaelis, the cideft 
fon of Dr. Chriflian Bcnedia Michae- 
lis, prpfeflfor in the Univcrfity of Halle, 
in Lov^'cr Saxony, was born at that plac« 
Feb. 2 7, 1717. His father devoted him 
at an early age to an academical life, 
and with that view he received the firft 
p^rt of his education in a celebrated 
PrunTitn fcminary, railed the Orphan- 
houfe, at Glanche, in the neighbour- 
hood of his native place. He commenced 
his academical career at Halle in 1733, 
and took his Mafler's degree in the fa- 
culty of philofophy in 1739. ^^ >74» 
he made an cxcurhon to this country, 
where his fuperior knowledge of the 
Oriental languages, which was corfide- 
rably increafed by his indefatigable re- 
fearches in the Bodleian Library at Ox- 
ford, introduced him to the acc]uain- 
tance, and gained him the efteem, of our 
firft literary chara£(ers, with fevcral of 
whom, and particularly Bifliop Lowth, 
he was in corrcfpondcnce for many rears. 
On his return to Ha'le, after in abfencc 
of fifteen months, he began to read lec- 
tures on the hiftorical books of the Old 
Ttftamcnt, which he continued after 
his removal to Gortingen in 1745. ^^ 
1746 be was appointed ProfefTor Extra- 
ordinary, and foon after Profcfior of 
Philofophy, in that Unlverfuy. The 
next year he obtained a place of fccre- 
tary to the Royal Society there, of which 
he was dircd^cr in 1761, and was foon 
afterwards m^r^e Aulic counfellor by 
the court of Manover. In 1764 his 
difiinguilhcd t.iltiits, but chiefly a pub* 
licaiion relative to :\ journey to Arabia, 
which was undertaken by levcral litera- 
ry men, at the exoence of the King of 
Denmark, in conlcqucncc of his appli- 
ccuon by means of Count Dvrnldortf, 
procured him the honour of being choltn 
a coirelpondcnr, and after waiJs forsi-n 
member, of the Academv of lrircii,'ti- 
oni at Paris, of whom the i!)Oitu:.o.i 
admitted only eight; and in the lime 
year he became a member of the foc>i.iy 



To him fuccttded the rev. J. Ferd, of Haarlem. In 1775, Co-^nt Hopkin, 



who died about Jan. 1779, ^'^^ ^^^^ ^"^ 
cecded by the piclcut rc6tor, the rev. 
Samuel Wclltr. 



A 



Mr. Urban, Lmcoln^j^lnny t'eb. 15. 
S the woiks of the late Profcilor 
Michaelis ate held in the high- 
eft efiimation in this country, I hope 
the following account of that juftly ce- 
/c'braud fcholar, and a catalogue of bis 
Mumcrous publicdtiutn, wiii bo thought 



who, eighteen fears before, had prohi 
b ttd il.e ulc of his writings at Upfal, 
when he was Chancellor of that Uni- 
verfiiy, prevailed upon the King of 
Sweden t.j confer on him the order of 
the Polar Star, as a national compcnjati- 
oh. In 1786 he wasrai(c(' 10 the diftjn- 
guifhcd rank of Privy Counfellor of 
Juflicc by the court of Hano/cr; and in 
1788 received his lalliucidiy iiunou. by 



etn/Mif,3tuvA 17SI. J^ S.^tt. , 




JOHAOTT BAVIffi) MIC3IAEL1S , 



C 



1 792-] 



Memoirs and IVrUlngs cf Profffor Michaclis. 203 




eminence almoft unknown before in 
Germany; and his indcfiitigable la- 
bours were only equalled by his dtfire 
of communicating ihc knowjtdge he 
acquiicd to the numerous Hudcnt^of all 
countries who fiequentcd his admirable 
icolurcs, which he continued to deliver 
on vaiious parts of the facrcd writings 
in half-yearly courfcs, and on the He- 
brew, Arabic, and Syriac languages, to 
the lad year of his life. He was pio- 
fcflbr in ihe Univerfity of C70itingen45 
years, and, during thai loMg ptru)d, he 
filled the chair with d:guitv, credit, and 
ufefulnefs. He died O^. 21, i:9t> 

•^«<i 74* 

Mr. Eickhom, the prefcnt Piurti-.or 

of the Oriental Unguages at Gottmj^cn, 

hat publiDicd an in^eniuUN ell'ay 011 ihe 



PoempriiUtd in:iHanihi:rg Journal, 1753.* — 
26. " Pi xi ad Commenl. bociet. Keg. Scient. 
torn 1 II. ad Annum 17 s ?•" — -1- ** ^^at. de 
Dcfctitibus Hiftor-.rj N^turalis ac Philologix*, 
Iltucie :n Falelliiiam Araliiamquc Sufccp:u 
SarcicnJls, 1754." — 2V. "Diir.St>-cimenNo- 
V3E Veifu)i:is v.'orani i:i I'arle Suix 11." — ifj. 
" Cur»"c m VcrfioiiKu Syuacnm Aiitoaim A- 
poftwl.uirum, I755-"- 3"- "Trtaiifeon iliu 
Law of Mofcs, which proUihitstlK: Iiitcininr- 
ri.jso of Friends."— 31. " D'lf. II. ad M.-rc. 
X. 41. #1 XV. 23. ric Job. XIX 14." — ;;. 
*' (Ji; tlic Meai sadi^pttu to acquiic a Ki.ow - 
IcJge ol lliu ilebiew L3ngu.»se, 1756 (lr.1.1- 
lla:cd into Du'cli bv De U Vi'.lelte, Utrerht 
J762."— jv"Dili'.LoxVo!;ura,I)e«t.XXIi. 
6, 7. et lirtori:: N3:ur:ili ct M>nbui -^gypti- 
orum ilUiItiat , 1757." — 54- " Progr. Tara- 
l:n.;nicji.i ontru Puly£a:r.:;..ii.'*— 55. *< Or.»c. 
dcCouiuibiis Alarum Sc cfi'iaruntcum Philti- 




this gentleman for the publico ion of the 
niort valuable of PioftfTor Mich-iths's 
MSS. The works whi'ii were puolilh- 
ed during his life ap^jeaicd in the lol- 
Jowing order. 



&c. were pniited in Iiig):ind, Oxoii. eiyiHi- 
graphia Clarenduniano, 1 763.)" — 37. " Syn- 
Ligma Commen'::itionumi 17^9; a Repabb 
cation of loroe former '1 leatU;.^, and further 
AccouutotfuraeantieotGei'nl.T.i lianllations ^ 
Letter son the Difficulty [of reconciling all Re- 



I. " Rudiments of die Hebrew Poiutsi ligions — Oiat'dceaOermrinix Di.ilecla, ijiie 

1741.** — 1. " Hebrew Grammar, 1745* ' — ni faci 'S fajiundis ct libris fwribcnilis i.imiur; 

3. "Cat^dogu? Kihijoihcrx Liidcwij.M;ii«x." ^^ I rogloj>tis, SairU s et i hc.iiuJ.i ■:> j Je 

— 4. Dili, de Mcntcel Rati^^nc l.egis M()!"ii:ai JJonubbi.s Pulxllinx j dc Okibulliouc ct 

ufu:r.m prulVibcul'.s " — 5. ** Ad I-egcs Ji'. ir.^s Kumalione M jftfo um apud Kebrx' s." — 

dr P(t;iia Homicl<Hi, Dilf. i, i747> l^iH- 2> 38 ** Crst'cal Lecture on the t.^irjcinnH:rt.iut 

i7r V— 6. '• I hnur.h'.«:r'i t^e AtoncmMi: of pUm^ rcfptdtai^ Chrlft, i J, 4c, i ic. aiiuo 

Ch:ift, Coitir;cn, T74'''-" — 7. " Di'T. de 1759.*— 39. ** Cvm^xaiJium Thcologl.TS 

I'rifca Hierolol,m;:, 174').*' — 8. "Tmntlaii* Dogm.'iticx, 17C0." — 40. New edition of 

on of the four lii ft V.iluines of Clari'.b, from »< L'Ellai fur I'Heure dcs .Marers t!an^ la Mer 

llic Englilh." ■. ** P.-rapluafe :Hid Ann«»f«- Ryuge, with Rcmaika.'— 41. »* Progr. Me- 

tions oil tlic Ki> llks of bt. Paul to the (i.ila- nioria Elizabethx C.i:ii..£ji ex Clwrhardis 

tiaii'i, Eplwfian'., Pinlippiani-, L'oloii: ii;s, conjugisGetottri, 1701 " — 4.'.- *• I n)^r. Mc 

ThiinJoni. IDS, Timothy, Tit\.s, and Philc- morui Joh.Ma«it)ix Gefncii,?ciiptaNo:nin 



c- 

e 



xnou, 



175". — 10 



*' l.mcHjuition t<) the Acadsmia: (iocttm:,enlis."--4^ *» Sui I'lii- 
Nt-v Tt'lt.iment (trj-i! /-c.! m'o Engli:h)."-— ftiicncc Jv.'«i Dpini.i.'i fur Ic Li i.^-.^v, et Ju 

Lanr;a;;e fi;i k;> Jpii..v'i<s ; D.ir<:it.ilu>ii tiui a 
icnii'or o 1<: I'll}; dc I'.vua !c'ii;e Royaie lies 



II." i'/c,/-. on tlx ! : /.y «•»' .M.-.nkin.i to ijieak 
thvi Tr.itl.."— i:. ** "i^:- Uc Reafon of the 



liei-aleuec nf the ,\:ii:tija Dialec'l in Ger- S-ic'ices ct belles Lettivb iL- i'l ulic, cii 1759. 

many, 1751."— 1 3- " I'l^t;- ;.d Vcrfurfi of I^c- j -^Cj."— 44. " Pi ogr. i!c ii l:wip:o I'.uliice: - 

clcfriiV-^ (a nr'.v »'tl:rioii i:i i7<>0-" — '4* oibilium.'*— 45. *' Oiat. de .Magiiitudiiw ejus, 

« Th'vj;;h". on the licrii-turc Doctiineof ?»p, ^.j,^^ ^.p^. gciiiur, KcUi, u.luipl.i S.iien.nia 

as ci ohftcMt with Kc.fon, 17:12 (a ne\v edir. Acai'.emix Anuo 176:', D.t 11 O-'tbris in 

in 1779)."— IS- •* l''-i" Ar?-.:;renta l.T.-.imr- Tcmplo Aeadtr.i.col.alv.i.i."— ,« .''Qjell.ons 

t.'^litatis Anim;;ruMi ex Moic: col.c^tu*— 16. p.-cpofcd to a Si>viety of bt^raiy NUn \\\\o 

" Fra:f. adv-'ommcn-.u-'i; Socxt.Rti^ia.-SLi'rn- i„jjerlook a Jtvurmy to Ar.ibi.i, l)y eonr.mauJ 

liai um Goctuni;. io:n. I ;id Annum 1 7 s i •" — of hl^ DaniHi Maiclly. Rccaeil I't^ vjueliions, 

i7*«»t.\)n....i:K;::io il. Cljtiut".s inC.umxcii- ^g. ib. i7f>3.' —40. " Jommcntaiitmes Soei- 

lariis S<iC. Rtg. Scicot."— 1 i. Dill", tic Jwliova ^^ R'.2.ScvuVvV\v.GvH.v\\\>7;»\^\«^\a:v-3fc^<i\\Nfc- 

ah Algyptiis c:j]r/), /A" — iq- ** Pjct.ux to ,^p.p\i-.»,. i.\o C•cu^^V>v\s WtVn-s^'iXw^', 'i^*i^.^^\^ 

towen's i^ffctical LtUiirtt Unris, on tlitf Tifte l)^^^^^•X:t\\)u\\WJC\im^^V^xa.0.^v^>'i^i'^<-v^x■*^:^ 
^ Ea/tcni Povlry, JU-ip. "'^2,0. " Cunimeu- ^^v- 



204 Mmelrs and Writings tif Profeffbr Michacli«# [Marcb, 



Orisine Maris Moitiii^ cum Epimeti-O) tie Ni- 
troPlinii; «le NitroHebrxorDir, feu nnn ; de 
Syrorum Voc:^tibu( ex Kphracmo; de Tara- 
dnxa Lege Mufaica,Sc|^iiTioqU'ivis Aiinooni- 
nium Agronira feri.is inJicente.'* — 48. " On 
tlic Menu>iy» in ihc Hanoverian J 'junial.**— 
49. "Propofaiforcn.juirinswl:ctl»crilic Inria- 
gination of a MoUin* cm\ liavc any Lffcd) on 
the form of licr Ot?sprii^p r ' — c^o. " Of tUc 
Time when the Art of kir.dling Fiie was uji- 
knoun, Hanuver M:i;. 1763, N° 3." — 51. 
" Of Ihc Antiquity ol Bi-minr.-ubires, and o- 
iher Mennx of produuinc Fire, ih. N* 4.'* — 5 1 • 
'• OntheWivlow'sFniid. HanovcrMag 1764." 
-^53. ** ExpUmaci^ii of the Epiitle to the llc- 
bi*ews, vol. II. X 764."— 4. " Introdudtioi) to 
file Now Teftameiu, new edit. 1765.' — 55. 
'< AdiioCatiunes ad Gloceflrii Ridley Diif. 
dc Vcrfionibus N. T. Syriac«8> 1766." — 56. 
*• Progr. on his Lcduics on the Scptuagint, 
'7^7'**— 57» " Prolcgonicna in Jobum s. 
Fpimctron ad Lowttu Pixle^ionetn J^XII. 
de PocA Hebixonim» 1767.'' — 58. " Trca- 
tife on the Syriac Lai^guage, and its Ufe, w iih 
the Firft Part of a Syriac Chrcrtomnthy, 
1768.**— 59. "Spicilc^ium Gcogra|>liiac He- 
bnsorum exterae poil nochaniuni) pars I. 
1769, il. 1780"— ^.c. "On the iVotcfbnt 
Uuiverfttiet:, Frankfort, 1769— 1776.**— 61. 
*• Mofaic Law, Frankf. "1770—1775. Sev. 
edit.**-— 6». « German Tr^nflation of the Old 
TeHament, with No(e^| Hlh- theX)n1earned| 
177c — 1785."— 6 J. " Attempt to explain 
the Seventy' Weeks of P^niel, 1771/' — 64. 
** Grammntica Chaldaica, 1771."— 45. 
** Graromatica Arabic.i.*'-- 66 ^* Oriental and 
Exegetical Librar>*, vol. 13, Frankf. 1771— 
1785/'— 67. " Daniel Secundum Septuaginta, 
Goeuing. 1773."— 68. ** Hennanni von der 
Hardt. Uofeas illuftnitus, i775."^-69. " A- 
I3U LFEDA Tahulx iEgypti.*'— 70. " On the 
moil ancient Hillory of iht Poffes of Pale- 
Itine, and the adjacent Countries, particularly 
lEgypt and Arabia, Fiankf. 1776.'* — 71. 
^* Gernian Tranilalion of the firft Book of 
Maccabeus, with Kptes, Got. and Leip. 
1777."— 72. *' Letter to Profeflbr SchlOzer, 
on the Time betweeu the Fli>cd and the Reign 
of Solomon, Got. M.ig. 1780." — 73. " Ex- 
planation of the Dcfceiit and Refurrvdlion of 
our Saviour, from the four Evangelifls."— 74. 
♦' Snpplcmentorum ad Lcxica Hclrxca p. i, 
litcras K et H complcxa, 17S4; p- *> i, "J 
et 71 complexa, 1785 ; p. 3, literas^, n com- 
plexa, 1786 i p. 4 > l^ei as U., ^ «0 complexa, 
1787."— 75. ** Remarks on certain Paffigcs 
in a Publiguionof Lefiing's^ asan Apiiendijtto 
theDcfcent and RcfurrcCtionof our Saviour.** 
?— 76. " On the Vaults undcrthcHill on which 
the Temple {loo:^,aitd Mount Sion, to eluci- 
date tlve Uiftoiy of the Building of the Tem- 
ple by Jvilian, and >'f the Flame which broke 
put when Herod plundered the Tomb of Da- 
yid, Got. Mag. vol. III. N? 6, 1-83.'*— 77. 
♦* Additions to the Mol'aic J-aw. Q. Why 
baf Mii Mofes a hw af;:.iii«ft the Muiderof 
'^^ilfypai Got. Mas. vol, IV. N° a, 1 fi^." 



—78. *< New Oriental and Exegetieftt Libra- 
ry, 1787." J. D. 



Mr. Urban, F**. 17. 

TH £ following particulars in the 
life and chara6tci of the celebrated 
MiCHAELis are taken principtlly from 
ihc Abbe I)enina*s *• Hiftoirc de la 
PriifT'* Liie-'aire foui Ficdcric II.*' 

The workt which he puhlifiitd from 
1741 tn T ;59, were entirely on theolo- 
gical iMbjcAs, ciiitSv criticifms on par- 
ticular paif.iges of S:riprute and the f]e- 
brew language; but his great fund of 
philorophical knowledge appe^iied in 
every part of his works, which were 
full of erudition. Fiom the time he 
became Proftflor of Philofophy, he de- 
voted himfclf almbft entirely to this 
ftudy. A memt'ir, which gained the 
priec in the Roy^! Academy of Berlin 
in i759> oD '* the Influence of Opinion! 
on L<inguage, and Language on Opt« 
niops," made him welt known tn foreign 
countries where hi» other works in Latio 
and German weiealre:)dy in circulation. 
His Eifay ** on the Pad'age of the Ifrae*' 
Htct through the Red Sea,** appeared 
jufl about the time that our famous Mr, 
Montague went into Fgypt to examine 
if the reflux of the Red Sea would not, 
of itfcif, without a miracle, open a way 
for the Ifraetites. 

At this period Frederick V. King of 
Denmark, by the advice, moft proba- 
bly, of Count Bernfdorffy dire6!ed Pro^ 
feUor Michaelis to prepart inOruAioat 
for two travellers whom hisxnajcfty was 
about to fend into Arabia. The court 
of Denmark was, at this time, io a 
tranquil and profpcrous l\aie, whilft the 
Northern powers were engaged in war* 
Thcfe circumilances were favourable co 
the (ludies of our profcfTor. By hit 
publications he fliewcd himfelf deferv- 
ing the honour befiowed upon him as 
Aulic Cotinfclior; and the curious en- 
quirer will find from th^m what ufe he 
niH<<e of his erudition 10 clear up the 
cbfcurc and difHcuIt pans of Scripture, 
and of his knowledge of fcripture to re- 
ntove a variety of difEculties in the moft 
ufelul profane authors. He wrote with 
prccifion in three languages ; and could 
have done it in two or three more, if he 
had poireifed the vanity of letting it bo 
known that iie could write in Greek, ii^ 
Hebrew, and :n Ai.ibic. Many Courtv 
of Kurope nianifefied their high eOeeiD 
for him. He was appointed Aulie 
Counfellor ui his Biuannic Majdlv's 
KatiQV&Tua Dominloii^i the co\;rt oX 



1792*} Mem$sr$ gni JVritinzs ofProfiffir Mkhaelis^ lo^ 




PruflTia boafled ct having ^roductd and courfcs/' were tranflations of two br 

infiru6ted him, and of having coorri- thePfofeifor i i. «« Of the Correfpoa* 

botcd to hit celebrity by beftowit'cr upon dence of the Hebrew Months with the 

him the academic?? prize. AUn'>Lgh Julian;*' a. "Of the Sabbatical Ycars«* 

he profcHed himlclf a Procenant, it is Of the fecood editinn of his ** lntri>* 

»ot improbable that his new traofla- du£tion to the New Teflament/' agAod 

tion of the Scriptures euntributcd to in* account is given by Michaelis himfejf in 

troduce the ufe of the vulgar language a letter to the late excellent Dr. U'oide 

into the German Cathnhc Churches, in the Gent. Mag. for 178 1, p. 423. 

Tit! the age of 74 he continued to pur- Yours/iScc, M. Gjt££K. 

fue hit fiudies with the fame ardour and ■ ■, 

the fame fpirit which animated him at Mr. Urban, Appitfy. 

the commencement of his career, and 'ipHE infcriptions in the church of 

he died full of year* and of honour. 1. Cul'worth^co. Northampton, which 

A correal tranflation of the ProfcfTor's I collcftcd in the year 1788, are at your 

" Diflertation on the Influence of Opi- fervice. 

litons on Language" was publiffaed in Ttiis church, buih with (lone and 

this country in the year 1774. Solatcly covered with lead, confiOs of a body, 

as theyear 178K he publiiLed the foutth North and South ailes. The tower, 

cdicionof his "Introdu^ion •tithe Study not lofty, ii embattled, and contains 

of the New Teftament." Thehrftedi* five i&difl^rent bells;, on one of them 

tion of this work, pubUflsed ainrnt the (i.e. the great bell) is this infer iptio» 

year 1750, was confidcicd by the au- round the upper vafe: 

ihor as a very imperlcd work. Evciy « py ^j ^j^^ the people may know t» 

fubfc^uent edition was a great improve- ^omc to hear the Word of God. 1636." 

meni on the former, and the fourth edi- q„ ^j^^- ^^^ gj^ ^^ ^^^ ^ ^^^ 

tio» u ib altered as to be a ^iftcrcnt ^^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^ ^^^^^ appears a plaiiv 

woik from the ficft. It confiHs of two (^one Oiield. » tr- r* ^ 

large volumes in 4to. in the German j^ ^^^ ^^ j^ ^ ^^^^^ monumeot, 

language. The finl volume contains a ^|,greon • 

critical examiMiion of the i«t"» »"- ^^ ,;^h interrM Mrs. Judith Rra. 

thenticty, infp ration, and lani^aage,' j,„„ter to George Rye, eAj.ind Elizabihl 

the various readmgs, ant.ent vtrfions, ^ 8^.^ ^..ojeArted this life Jan. a/i^ 

criucal and theological conjeauies, and ., ' . . , r 1 a 

different editions, of the New TelU- . ^"V'*"*' * ^"'^ P^^'* ^" * ^^^ 

mcnr. The fecood volume ccntaius a "^*^» whereon: 

paiticular introduaion to each mdivi- Gsoiioa Rvr, efq. died Sept 4, 1677. 

dual book. It is faid an Englilli cler* On another brafs plate: 

gymcn of abilities, who has acquired a Mrs. Lbttici Trist, wife of Mr. 

thorough knowledge of the German William TriA, died 3d Feb. 1621, about thnr 

language by a refidence of 4 or 5 yeats age of 37 yeares* 

ID that country, ha^ uudettikcn 10 give Qq ^ done flab t 

the poblick a tran(l ition x^^ ihu work of Deiwfitum 

Michaelis in 4 vols. 410. Frahcisci Baoshaw t, armig. 

LXONIENSIS. jc Societate Meiiii Templl, 

■- — — prohi adnoodunn et integn viri, 

Mr. Urban, March 4. !ibcrah ingenio et cadis morihus prseclari | 

AS you have announced a I'tc of Mi- ()aem eximise naturae dotes et virtittea 

chaelis, it may be proptr tu ob- publicis mvineribus (larero fomuiverants 

ferve, that in 1769 there ajppcared in fed intra privatam tenuit fortunam 

this country a tran flat ion of hit work honefta quaedam animi magnitudo^ 

" oa the lnflu«fncc of Opinion on Lan- »*> ««^"C ambiendi arte aliena. 

guagepi" and in 1773, " J^a"»iii Da- Rolmftum et viribus cxultjiitem 

*idit Micbael.s, T.of. Ordin. PhiloC yiulenia mnnu compmt Mors : 

& Soc. Reg. Scent. Goettii.gc«ru CoU ^!* ^"^ « .*iJ^»^?? ^"« f^^^ 

, • . ^, ' ^iTui- r nitt querela aiiimam Deo refTgnkvit 

leg« Lpi cola.., dc LXX H tbdoma .. ^ u^^j^ ^^^ ^ ^^ DcSn. ,69a, 

bus Daniclis, ad D. Joannem Pringl«» '^ ^^^^ fuaTLXXiix f. 
B^roncttum ; pnnsO pi 1 vatim miUa*, nuap 
T^o uinui^L't cviiteufu pubhci t^duar/* 






ac6 Infer fpt;ons/r$m Cnlwortb, in Northamptonfliire. [March, 

Arms: in a Ihield, a bugle horn 
firming, between three rofes. 



Creft a bugle horn fining. 

br 
iirhereon 



In the South ailc, a brafs plate. 



Thomai Tkiit, ofthUparifhy efq. one 
of the Matters of the Bench in the Middle 
Temple, in London. Died April 7, 1630^ 

On a (lone (lab : 

KoBiRT Pe MR CRT OK, D.D. formerly 
Fellow of St. John's College, Oxford, Pre- 
bend of Leckiord, Hants, and Vicar of this 
church upwards of 22 yean. Died Jan. 3, 
J758, act. 56. Alfo Amm, his wife. Died 
Itfar. 5, i779» 

Corpora vitrea ehea qnam cito firanguntur 1 

Onafmali fliib: 

William Crumi, of Winfbury, co. Sa- 
lop, died Jan. 4, 171 3. 

On a black date apainfi a pillar : 

' Uic 0^^^^) J^icet FuLco Wynhb, filiui 
Oweoi Wynne, de Caermclior, in com. Den- 
bigh, armigcri* qui, pleuus dienim, oblit 24* 
die Maii, A.D. if 60. 
Quid plura, le^ior, hinc nK>ri difce et vale. 
T. £. fororis nepos pofuit. 

In this South aile is a large arch in 
the wall, and two fmailer. Date on the 
font (which is furrounded with fleurs^ 
de-lys), 1662. 

In the North aile, a remarkable large 
Hone flab, whereon : 

Thomas fCiMBELL, gent, died 17 Feb. 
1695, a;t. 64. 

On another ; 

Tlic Rev. John Hutch iks, Vicar of 
Cul worth, fon uf the Rev. John Hutchins, 
KcAor of llydoo, died Jan. 22, 1765, set. 64. 

On another: 

Mrs. GtACE Hutchins, reliA of the 
Rev. John Kutcliins, Re^ior of Eydon, died 
2 Feb. 1758, a^t. 85. 

The chancel contains nothing remark- 
able, having been paved and modern- 
ized. In a fiMil arch in the wail, on 
the South fide of the communion- table, 
a dcmt Hone fccptre appears. In a 
cM*!^ Nonh from the churchyard, is a 
fa^liciotis hill, with loine faint traces of 
a fofs or d}-ke. The prefect vicar is the 
Rev. — ■ Biker. 

Culwoith for many centuries hath 
been the Teat of ihc Danvers family, ba- 
ronets. Tlie village hath an appearance 
of antiquity, and hath fomc veneiat))e 
inan(ion«, of which the aged oak and Hr 
bear teflimony. .1 have read of the 
*< afiroitss" difcovercd at this place, but 
J >>;»ve only r/tf// thereof. 

VoJ, LXi p, iii-^^ A ^orrcfponden: 



aikt the ''computed diflances," as there 
mentioned. Should the following yield 
fatisfa£lion to him, I fliall not repent of 
my trouble : 

From Ramah. 
Milet Bearings 

Gibean 5 NVV 

Gilboa 37 NNE 

Gaza 50 SW 

Endor 45 NNE 

I wiQi to know if there are any tablet 
for calculating the place of the Giorgium 
Sieius, to be fold feparately from any 
other work ; and fliall be obliged to any 
aflronomical gentleman to met tion the 
iteft power or a telefcope to render the 
fateHites of ^ vifible. 

•• Fairy-rings." I have fomc reafoa 
to fuppofe thefe phainomena appear 
larger m each fucceeding year (as the 
circle increafes on water when any heavy 
body is caft thereon) { therefore, the 
origin muft be a fmall fpot on the fur- 
face of the earth ; a difcovery of which 
would elucidate the myfierv. I have 
feen the mulhroon growing in detached 
parcels on thefe circular appearances in 
an open and frequented field. But as 
thii is no more than *' about it and a- 
bout it," I conclude J. H ♦ * N. 

P. S. The infcription at the hack of 
the frame of the efcutcheon of O. Crom- 
well, p. 114, fee ms to confirm the MS 
account of thatcircumfiance, LIV. 968. 



Mr. Urban, Fttraary 2 z . 

THE fequel to my lift of fuch por- 
traits, matked out by Dr. Ducarel 
in his Oxford Almanacks, as are un- 
noticed by Granger, ha& been long de- 
layed ; partly thr^-ugh my being occu- 
pied in maintaining, inch by inch, a- 
gaiufl alfailants, the humble ground on 
which I took mv Hand at the ftet of 
honed Antony Wood. It mi^ht fecm 
idle and luperHuous to trcfpafs wanton- 
ly on the time of your readers by in- 
fortning them ^-^0 or *ulat 1 am } 
though the main Ilrcfs is laid on that 
circumitaiice by ibree of your nrimiltfs 
correfpon dents, who have not half an 
idea between them; or lathcr by one 
torrefpondent under three fignarures; 
fee pp'. 503, II 01, and 11 69, cf your 
laft volume. After juQ hinting that, to 
peep from under any dilguile mtfely 
for the liikc of laying, ** 1 know you, 
but you dotiS know me," vwhich \$ aft 
the iTfters confirt of, mo-e refcmblesthe 
language' of forre pert courtezan in a 
tnafqucrnde than that of the gentleman 
ot'lhu {chv>\tr-, TON VuU le^Pf (hnll be 



179^«1 Portraits in the Oxford Abnanach explaimd. 



coDtained in the mild words of Deipho- 
but's expoflulatioo with the SiDyll : 
'' Ne faevi m^^ne facerdoti difcedam : 
explebo numenxm, reddafquetenebris.** 
To gratify the Eugtifh reidrr, I lecur- 
red CO Drvdtn's YerAon of this palTage; 
but Dot finding it exadUy fuit nny pur- 
pofe. I bee leave to prefent him with 
the following ample paraph rafe : '*Thou 
Hi^b Cbttrchmau ; let that banourablg 
appellation foothe thine ear: though 
thy rank fliould not approach th it gUm' 
wted York recorded by the Archaiologic 
Bard, take courage; thou mayil in time 
emulate his arrogance. O \ let thy per- 
turbed (but be at red ! for my writings 
are already failing down the gulph of 
obliriop, if poiTible with ftill greater 
rapidit? than thofe of the Ilordeys and 
Whitakers : and why fliouldA thou with 
to impede their progrcfs ?" 

1731. Trinity College. The princi* 
pal perfooagey Dr. Ralph Baihurft, is 
indeed mentioned by Granger; and the 
Jate Mr. Thomas Warton has extended 
his life CO a large o£lavo volume. But 
I do not find that either of them has ex* 
hibited him in that attitude under which 
he here attra6ls our eyes, as rcfuHng a 
mitre offered to him by Archbifhop 
Sancroft, and difplayed in tlie hands of 
a winged Cupid, its bearer. From the 
event, we mufc conclude that Di. Ba* 
thurft aded with a finccrity in whicli he 
has had Tome few prcOecefTors and foU 
lowers, from the great John Knox, in 
the reign of Edward the Sixth, down to 
the learned and worthy Dr. B.il;;uy, of 
Winchcftcr, in our days. But the idci* 
of the ungodly painter, who repreCents 
him with a leer m his countenince, and 
in the a£l of preparing to knee! down 
before the gilded tov, evidently ran on 
the cant phrafe of noh epijcopari^ or the 
hypocritical profelling to renounce a 
dignity nulla non am petitum, and con- 
cerning wliich C=audc D*Efpcnce thus 
expreiies himrdF, in Iiis Commentaries 
on the Epinic to TimMihy, p. 3CS, fj). 
Lutet. 1 561: ** It is reported, hut I 
cannot fay with what truth, tlut holy 
fathers, when the cpiicopal oflicc was 
conferred on them, made a pi.xLlice of 
refufing it iwic»:i on the t:.iril offer 
they, with aflfctUd liftlcfTncrj,, txprtircd 
their acceptance. IF this bo the cifc, it 
is to be feared Idl Ht who d-Atlicth in 
Heaven fhould treat wiih dtrifion thofe 
who have thus feaicJ t'aemfcivcs in the 
chair of the fcorncr." A^fcr the re- 
proofs fhowcrcd on irjc, nit'tly for c'if- 
ccffiing tliat '^ dll which ^UiUiit> is aoc 



SO7 

gold," had the above occurred in the 
works of anv modern Prefbytcrian wri* ' 
ter, I Ciould by no means have prefum* 
ed to poinr it ont: but am confident 
that, in thefe ortbodox days, it can be 
no imputation on my zeal for Church 
and State, to render faithfully from the 
Litin, and quote with app*au(c, the re- 
flexions of a Roman Catholic writer om 
fanaticifmsal ready reprobated and grown 
obfolcre in the middle of the fixtcentb 
century ; as is evident, not only from 'the 
author's pubtifhingwith the accuflomed 
royal approbation, but from the ditlinc- 
tions bcflovved on him by a feries of 
thofe Frenrh kings under whofe reigng 
he lived and wrote. 

The other portraits, Adams, Bifhop 
of Limerick, and Wright, of Litchfield, 
marked out as tiken from paintrncrs ilk 
the Prefideni's lodging, Iiave both e- 
fcaped Granger. Of the former I can 
only poke out, by the help of Wood's 
Hijtsria & Antiquttaffs, that his Chrifliaa 
name was Bernard, and that he was ' 
confecratcd in 1604. T^^^ Index to the 
A'bemt Ox^menfrs contains bis namii 
but the reference proving erroneotia 
quite biffl-rd me. Thofe who dote i^pon 
lawn fleeves, and think every the fmall- 
tfl particular concerning them invaiu* 
a))]c, may no doubt find ample gratifi- 
cation in regard to this preiara's hif^ory, 
by confulting Harris's Kcc'efiafiical 
Hiftory of Ireland, one of the mauT 
books in regard to which lean fay with 
Horace, /nnt qui non babtnt^ efi tfui nom. 
curat babere. Robert W'rjght became 
D.D. in 1597; was appoinrcd trcafurer 
o' Wells in 1601, and held thatollicenv 
commtndam with the bifhoprick of Brif^ 
tot, which he obtjiined in 1622, till the , 
year 1632, when he vacated both toge- 
ther on being rra:.n.ited to LichBeld; at 
the age of 'more than 70, he was one of 
the twelve protellino biihops committed 
to the Tower, on a charge of high- 
treafon preferred againfl them by the 
Ifoufe of Commons, in 1641 ; and, ac- 
cording to the Continuaior of Godwin, 
after l>cing rclearcd from pHTon, like a 
doughty vcteian of the church militant, 
defended his palace of Ecclefhall to the 
lad againll the parliamentary forces, 
and died there in 1643. 

1734. St. John's. John Buckridee 
received i.is education in that locitty, of 
which lie became prefident in 1605 ; in 
161 1, B flion of Rr>che(lcr; in 1628, 
Bilh(»p of K!y; and died 1C31. •* If 
Firt^cr," favs Godwin, ** ^?.^ ^[v:n.tw Vvw 



to8 A new Profptif ofihe Sunlay Schoelx^ [March, 

Pope^ he would not haTf thrown awaT ^fchbiOiopof Y«rk; in 1439, the Pope 

liis life in defending To falfe a do£tf inc. . created bim Cardinal; and, in i452» 

Wpod extols hifn tor Iiii IkiH in bran* he perched on what Godwin calU ihe 

dilhing the two-edecd fword of the f/&rMrf of Canterbury, where he died the 

Scrlpturcfy on one fide ag^inft the Pa- year following at an advanced period of 

pIQa, and on the other ai^ainft the Puri* life, and is celebrated in a jingling epi* 

taat and NonconformiAi* His portrait taph of Mookifli Latin irerfet. 

is followed by that of Sir William Ptd- My notes are extended to feveral 

4f 9 knu M.D. of Leyden, ineorporat- more of Vertuc't Almanacks ; but you 

ed at Oxford in 1 5919 and afterwards ha?e by this time had full enough, 

phyfician to James the Firft, and of Tours, kc. L. L. 

nreat eminence in his profeflion. He P. S. Left hypeieriticks fliould objeft 

• founded the choir in St. John's, died in that, in an early part of this letter, the 

1604, asd lies buried in the chapel there, word Cupid is inuoduced where Avgei 

1735. Univeriity. Of the portraita would be more proper, I hcrg leave to 

introduced in this moft anticnt of all the remark, that the name of thofe twimgfd 

colleges, 1 have only to mention that of ktySf of whom all painters are fo food. 

Waiter Skirlaw, bom in the neighbour- is determined by the occafion on which 

lK>odof Holdernefs, in Yorkfliire. He they are employed. If they attend Jc^ 

began with the biihoprick of Lichfield ) leph nnd Mary on their flight into £• 

thence he proceeded to that of Bath and gyptf we immediately recognife them 

Wells in one yeari and in two more to for angels; if they compof'e part of 

that of Durham, io ifSS, which beheld Eneas' and Dido's train in their hont^ 

eighteen yeari} and, after diftinguilh- ing part^, there canarife no doubt as to 

iag hirafelf by feveral public worksj their bemg Cupidi. in fome cales it 

died in 14069 leaving a large fum of may be bard to determine. But when 

SBoney appropriated to pious ufcs. they are bufied in lugging about mitres, 

1736; Oriel. Adam de Brome, AU or anv other fpecies of the veJUmmtm 

■loaer to Edward the Second, is, in the pr$tioja of modern days, among men 

iDunufcript before me, called the tm/, like ourfelves it behoves us to look for a 

jind the king the mominml^ founder. It defcription of them, noa in our Bibles, 

uppean, from Wood, that De Brome but in Bell's Pantheon. L. L. 

greatly exerted himfelf in procuring the — — > ■■ 

charter, and drawing up the flatutes; Mr. Uhban, March 10. 

he confequently delerves honourable A S you had feveral obfervations np. 

fnention in the records of that fociety. Jljl on the ()are of Mctbodifm, and 

But, though the life of his fovereign other fubje^ls, from the Life of Mr. 

was clouded with difgrace, and ended Lackington, vol. LXU p. 1185 j permit 

in a manner truly calamitous, the at- me to point out \\U ufeful obfervations 

lenpting to fubflitute a deputy, who on the probable efle£ls of the Suoday^ 

avowedly a£^s with money ifumilhcd by fchools upon the rifmg generation. If 

Another, into the place of the perfon thefe ufeful feminaries are fupported, he 

who employs him, is too grofs a perver- argues, that many thoufands* of chiU 
fion of language to be paued over with- * dren, when adults, more than at any 

out notice. John Carpenter, Biflxop of other period, will then have a capacity 

Worccfter from 1443 to 1477, who re» of contcibuting to the fciences ; thou- 

built and confiderably enlarged the above fands who, for want of the capacity to 

college, is alfo omitted in Granger's read, the introdu^Siion to all knowledge, 

Hiftory. " take up the alternative of idle and un<> 

1737. Merton. Robert Read, a Do- proBtablr. coirpany at public-houfes and 

minican friar, who was obtruded by the the like. And if, bdidcs this (accord* 

Pope, againft the confent of Richard ing to Mr. Lackington's rcmark:>}, 

. the Second, into the biflioprick of Car- with the increafe of book clubs all over 

Jifle in 1396, and trandated to Chichef- the country, a number of farmers are 

ler in the courfe of the fame year. He now uling (hwir bacon-racks in the 

appears to have died in 1516, or there- double capacity of book-cafes, we may 

abouts. reafunabiy cxpe£l that ignorance and 

John Kemp, Dodor of Laws, took fuperftition will be driven from their 

a long, and for fome time a very rapid lateft retreats, and fuch happineCs cnfue 

flight. In 1419 we 6od hi:n becoming which is the geuuine refulc of know* 

MiSkop of RocheRer $ in 1422, firlt of ledge, religion, and virtue. 

4^icIjgMcr gad then ijf London fia I ^i^y \gui%) 6t.c. Obiektator. 



1 79^ J Rimarh §n tbi varUus Opinions 9f Fairy Rings. > 2O9 



Mr. Urban, 



Fr0mt'fehc§it 
03. 10, 1791. 

HAVING made repeated ol»fenra* 
. tioM on the circular appearaocei 
In gra(s»Undfy vulgarly denominated 
Fshy»riMgs, and having attentively con* 
fidercd what has lately been written 
thereon by your other correfpondents, I 
will endeavour to evolve the fubjeft 
CnMn its prefeat obfcurity. 

Tour correfpondent J. M. who, in 
▼ol. LX. p. 7iOy enquires into the cau(e 
of tbeie rings, doubts the efficacy of ar- 
gument in removing the popular opinion 
of their being the nightly refort of ima- 
einary beings. One of the ufes of Phi- 
1 lolbphy (boold be the eradication of 
fnperftitions and, ihould I teach J. M. 
how, of himfelf, to makg Fairy-rings, 
he will have the means in his hands 
of fatisfying fuperftitious credulity that 
tho(e appearances ai% nothing more than 
an opemtion of Nature, as regular in its 
progrefs as the fprouting of a cabbage, 
or 0/ a blade •( grafs. 
. Contrary to the opinion of your cor- 
refpondent T. Eeles (vol. LX. p. 800), 
that thofe circles are found where a-tree 
or rubbings pod hat been the lefort of 
hofffes or cattle, I am free to aver, that, 
among the many hundreds of thofe 
rings which have come uodcr my no- 
tice, ntt a tree or polt has been in or 
near one of them. 

Notwithflanding Mr. Leybourn (vol. 
LX. p. 1107) brings the refpedlablc phi- 
losophical authofity of Dr. Pricftley to 
fupport his own opinion, that they are 
occaiioned by li^btnimgy he will Bnd 
much difficulty in proving that the fall 
of lightning from the clouds to the earth 
will be on an area fo large as many 
rings are. Whenever we have oppor- 
tunity of examiniog a (\roke of light- 
ning on a (ieepie, tree, houfe, &c. we 
find that the dimcnfions of fuch (iroke 
irc very /ffiaii trnJffe/ com^Attd with the 
area of a Fan y- ring. 

A Farmer, who, in your Magazine 
vol. LX. p. 1073, luppoles That moles 
may occafion thcfe rings, will, I truft, 
be ready to give up hi& opinion when he 
ia aiTured that the foil of the paddock, 
mentioned in my lad (wherein it plenty 
of ringk), is not more than four or hve 
iochek deep, being a fione btalh, lying 
on a corn-grare lock. Here he knows 
aioles will leldom intrude themfeives. 

Highly celebrious as the PhiJofophi- 
sal TranIa£^iont have heretofore been, 
yet ^h* authority of both iMr. IclTop and 
. GsiiT. Mag. Mmrckf tjfz. 



Mr. Walker, at adduced by your cor* 
refpondent B. vol. LX. p. 1106, is in- 
fufficient to ^$V0 that lightning gene- 
rates the rings in queflion, Yor the rea* 
fon obferved ia my objection to Mr. 
Levbourn's fu^pofition above. 

Your correfpondent B. L. A't quota- 
tion from Burton's Anatomy of Melan- 
choly (in your Magatine for June 1791) 
does not at all '< mend the matter," at 
the falling of meteors might be fuppo^ed 
to fill a circular /pact rather than de* 
fcnbe the periphery of a lirdt. 

J. G, in your Magaziocfor January 
179 1» having faid fo much (and fo weM 
faid it), is entitled to particular at* 
tention, notwithnaoding his fyftem it 
unfatrsfa^lory. Mr. Hutton's de/crip^ 
thtt of this phsnomenon, as given br 
J. G. is full, and to the purpofe, fo far 
as a defuription thereof is neceflary | but 
yet chit ingenious philofopher does not 
favour us with his opinion of the eau/ei 
This your correfpondent J. G. cndea* 
vours to Tupply $ but with what fucceft 
I now mean to examine. His account 
of the fuccedion of rings of withered 
grafs may be admitted $ yet 4)e accounts 
not for the eauje of thcfe barren tracks, 
and only intimates that they are /ome* 
^9au deprived of the vegetative prinei^ 
pie, and that the herba^^e is again re- 
liorcd by feeds wafted thither by the air, 
and by (Iraying roots. But this is (fak- 
ing of tbc coit/eguemt change, not the . 
iaufe of the appearance. His hypothe* 
fis of the reftoratioo of herbage and fer* 
tiliry is ingenious, and, in all probabi* 
1 ty, (lri£lly agreeable to Nature. But 
Uill the.queflion remains, what is tha 
camje of this barren ring, or of that pri- 
mary barren^fpot from whence, he fays, 
theie rings are derived ? 

Although Col. Townley's refearch 
into tiie caufe of thefe appearances (at 
quoted by P. O in your Augoft Mag. 
1791) Icems wcD directed, by looking 
below the iurfacc ; yet he f«ems not to 
have fcaiched deep enough to account 
fur it fully, as 1 mean to prove by-and- 
by. 

Were it not for the hopes I have of 
illuminating this daik fubjed, it would 
be to me, Mr. Urb«n, a very painful 
talk indeed thus to controvert the opi- 
nions of f'jch a "hod" of your corre* 
fpondenis. And, as every man holds 
[as, indeed, he has a right to hold] a 
pattrality to his own opinion, I intreat 
them all to believe that I nl^an noinfuU 
to any uan't o^iaioa \ not ^^^'^V^ V ^^^ 



110 Semirii on thi varhui Opinhtt nf Fal>y Ringt, [March, 

)«re ii, by »ny mesn? whaiever, but for Tti me, Mr. UrWn, ii i) now btcome 
:be fake of elueidaii^g ihe irmh. numtiilt ihsl /'uigi. or Ikt /pa^vn lirrt- 
I will now, Mr. Urban, [late, at «/, ^reiUe caufenf tbe rings in queftion. 
To account forihe ^r«rfB3(.« of fun- 
gi, il it oeceflary to artcnil in a few of 
the firB principlei of vegcunon. That 
Mtentive obferTer of Narure, Malpighi* 
Ut, informi us, that the feed of i plsnt. 
when depofited in the ferriJe bofnm of 
the earth, ii fed by the common moi- 
flure, impregnated by peculiar filts by 
1 /"'P Ipf'^B" percolation through the outer paris, fcc. 
•'- ' had very which percolation, he fayi, - ' 



briefly at may be, ihe obfervjlioni I 
have made on ihefe rings fioce my let- 
ter 10 yoii in Auguft laft. In ihe bcgin- 
nintr of that month I furveyed the pad- 
dock in which, I informed you, wtre 
many tingi, and fat down in my plan 
taeh ring according lo iti proper pofition 
wid proportion*. At that time the ring 
No. 4 (fl. in.) had - ■ - ■ 

»g up " '^ 



tnany fungi, which were decaying. The accompanied by » Jli^bt firifmiaiiam. 
ling, No. I], bad not fungi of the poi- Dr. Fordyce fayt, " ilicre it in ■ rich 
fonous kind ai thcoiheri were, but the loil romeibing indepindcnt of texture, 
rtal champignon or efculent mufhioom. or the retention of water, ivhich contri- 
Under the furfacc of all the ringi the butei to .tbc . Bourilhrng of pNnii." 
einh wai found full of the fpawn of This, fay* be, ii muciUge; and mjci- 
fungi. lage it produced by the pulre(a£)iiin of 

On the 8th I tifited them again, and animal or vegetable fublianccB, and i* ^ 
found [bat (he funfci at Noi. 4 and 6 bell applied to loiU bv the duni; nF ani- 
weie kviihered and gone ; the weaitier, mail, by putrid animal or vegetable H- 
from itt heat for Inme dayi before, hav- brca or [uicei, and by pulrificd infect*. 
jog been unfavourable to their »teetat- I will not now latry m enquire whe- 

ing. The mulJironmt at No. 6 all gone, thtr fungi are more generally producrd 

On the if;th we had much rain with from feed buoyant in the atmofphcre, 
thunder and lightning. or from fpawn found in the foil. Tbit 

On the lid I again found plenty of ii evident, that the fpuvn it moitly 
fungi in many of the ringi, at well ai found where cattle and deer drop iheir 
tnufbroitmi at 13. At thii vifit 1 noticed dungi and it is not improbable ibnt the 
many fpoti ivhere ibc appearance of the Gift rudiments nl fun^i may be in many 
' |;ra[> wai like-to that at the ringi ; nX a, of out foili in an unvegeiatini; llaie, 
in pai titular, wat a fpot fix incliet dia- and brought into aflion only under pe- 
meier, the graft in the middle begin- cuhac citcumflancit of l-ilii ot mud- 
Bing towither. Ontakingupihe fod ihe lagei. Animal djng of it<e:f may not 
(oilappeared fultof fpawn, andtheearth be fufRocnt to roul'e iniodflir-n Ihe ia- 
cvidentlv much looftned in itt tenacity. 
Here I found ihe fjr**/* of fomeworm, 
whith appeared 10 have died ai it was 
•Dteiiag into the aurtlia Hate. Thii 
cafe wat enveloped in a quantitr of 
Ipawn, which had Ihotiis tibres from 
one to two in'bet in length At i and 
e I obferved fimilar Ipoti, indiiaiing the 
rudiments of future Fairy-ringt. At 
that lime I look a fmall piece uf turf 
from Ihe ring No. 6, which wat pretty 
fuliv impregnated with fpj^vn, and 
irinVplanied it 10 the fpot ■/. Subfe- 
..r. J plainly Ihew -■—- 



my p'.a 



I ha', 



ro'inifing foil ; and thui 1 1 
fptftof jFaity-rihg ofmys 

' » This paddnck is liule r 
acre, and ilv^ Inrgeft ring .5 i 






; jeiliclcs of Ihefe funEi were from 
ivo inches liisli, and the cip-i frnm 
nch to .-in inch and an half broad U 



trntp-inciplc of fungi, 


, allhoiij^h 11 nvjy 


that of gfifi and other 


hrrha.4eibut Ihe 


putrefatlino of fame 


kinds of mlefls 


may be fufHcient to ex 


cue thenectll-.y 


fermentation fur that p 


urpole. 


. We know that the t 


:uni; of cattle and 


deer are propei aiJi fji 


r many of the My. 


tiibet-.J.pofit tbc.r « 


■na ID r ihcfe are 


h^itciiedmrowarmiiw 


hich wnrnit, afier 


arear..n,bufythemreli 


<es m the l<>il un. 


derrcath, wime ibey i 


undeigo. ftati:<.f 


inaflion in the aKn 


•lia fl-se i l.i.rn 


whLnce (Diould not d: 


"bpreveutjihey 


rife again m the form 


and w„h ttic fa- 


culties of their progeni 


ton. liui thould 


deathcutlh'irt Ihecxili 


(tnce ot ihisani- 


^aUuU in the grave, p 


utiefa£ii'>nof hi> 


parti naiurjllyluccttd 


, and he iijon be- 


comes cnvtttcd int.. 


muc.l-gc, fit for 


thenounlhm.ntof iii< 


= ru.rou.>dine ve. 


geiableij/Bs^r, at well 


, at other., Iliojtd 


liieir fp..v<i or roots De 




Whatever iim..y be 


that promotes ihe 



• See liit Llcoteatt of Y'E'l><io"' 



179 2-] Rc^aris en tbt. various O/iniant of Fairy Ringi. %ix 

Ttgcnblc fcrmcnntian of the fp*wn of dccpgrccn, and the/»i'jt inlhemUrgcr 
^H^i, ih^t fcimcrijiion appcari to be ihdi) the circumjacent oDei — bo[h whith 
rfdctciiou^ >o giiifi urA nttrtr hrrbi^c argue rni incrcire oF rcrillil}'. My fe-. 
■ >to>e it. Hence ji i:. caf)' in account cond teafon arilci from the anjlagy be* 
(or ihc ccnirc or ilic r|<<t. ihr ruilimCQI tivccn gunpowder and ligblnin^, in iho 
of 3 r<iiv-Fir^, bcin^ iiaicnf herbage. eiplori>)n and com p< in cm p^rti. Ic it 
The fpannbeiHEbrouEht into life and allowed th^i lightning it always attended 
kfiion bjr (he meant )u(t meatinntd, ii with a rutphureoui Ttnell. Sulphur it 
wnrk» round, and fprcadt iifcif into a ont ingredient in gunpowder; andthere- 
ciirular fpot, during the funiinermoDihi; fnre, ihi> being found ia both, it ii more 
but tvhtn winter lomci on,' and legeta- . than probable, (bit falt-petre and char- 
(ii<n i« Turpended, the rul<ct incumbent coal, the other two iagtedlcnii in gua- 
*rget4ble 6bres are cnnffrted into mu> powder, orfomethinganaloguiji lothenif 
cilagt, ind the next fearon help to re- enter the compound caure of a flafli of 
Koicthecommon lecetatiou oF the late* lightning. If ihii be allowed lo be th« 
Ijr barren fpot- Wbes'lb* vivifying Cdfe, it it well known, that the comoo- 
power! of the returning Tununer awaka ncnt parti of guopowder are great fer- 
tile vegetable world to life and a£)ion, tiliicri of the Toil, and confequcollj 
the Tpawn of'tbe Fungi extendi ilfetf to ihofe of iightning the fame, 
the ciieumjacenl foil, in feircli of the Another reafon it, that Falry-nDg* 
vegetative prii\ciple neccfTary toiti con- are alwayi found in grafi-landt. 
liouaoce, and formt the liillviiif round That the caufe happeat in tltlage- 
(fac laft year'i /jxf. Thii, now, form* land* i> not to bedifputed^ but before 
n barren tircU, by tbe fame meaoa ai it that feniliaing power can operate, the 
herctofoie did a banen ^sf, and be- plow and harrow) haremixed thefenite 
comet a Fairyring of the fiift ycai'i circles wirb the circumjacent foil, uid 
growth. The {pawn in this rin^ per- therebf dcllroyed the vifibje effcA. 
forming the fame operation ai the Uft Again, thefe circles are moft abundant 
jeir"! Ipol had done, a fecond barren near trees, hedges, large pieces of water, 
circle appearii and the fpawn fjireading and rivert. When lempclluoui cloudt 
kftif further, iti fearch of proper nu- mose fljwiy in the aimolpliere, ibefe 
triiiient, forms, the following year, ■ objects have an atcraf^iie poiver upoo^ 
larger ring than the UR. Thiis Tegu< the clouds ; from whence arireiihe dan- 
larly progreffive ii Natuicin heroperali- ger of (hckenng under trees during a 
on>, lothcdircountcnanceof fupeidiii- thunder Itorm. My fifth and lal) rearon 
on, in ibe wanton and fanciful formati- is, thai, in viewing an eftate in ElTcx, I 
«0 of Fairy [or, if you pleafe, FongiJ obfcrucd in a padure field, where there 
lingt. were many clumpi of trees a greal 
Should any of your ingenioui cor- number of thefe circles, and with target 
refpondenti, Mr. Urban, adduce any diameieis than I had ever feen beforei 
fyftem, fuppoited by the inFallible telli- they weie all contiguous to the clumps, 
mony of tealbn and experiment, more and one in particular, where one of the 
explanatory of the fubje£t, it will be trees was apparently damaged by li^ht* 
lead with plcafure by A. Crockek. ning, FiiiLO-BoTAHicui. 

Mr. Ukbak, Martb j. Mr. Ukban, D§vir, Fih. 8. 

_ - .. , .. ■ . ».. ^ ,._ Ij^j pjrticulariaed 



TN p. 

1 what I 



11 been laid c 

■bout the original cauFe of Fairy-ringi, lion of human bones, &c. ; and the hrfV 

permit me, with due deference to the arti ' ' ^ .■ .. 

geDtUmen who have given ibeii opini* a h 

•MOO this fubjefi, to olf'er mine. fou 

T. L. and B. (ai ijuuied by your in- ground at Fjlkllone in Kent. 
gaDiouiCurrerpondeni,a£«u.'iirB FiUiii- If you fhould think the following 

yi, tb lift December's Mag.) attribute account of a petri^aion (which 1 deem 

(be original caule of thefe rings to Aich) found by me on tile beach, in \ 

lightoing. Divclling mylcif ut/iifa- line rilmoli with the old bjnat-ground 

UJt frijtditt, 1 am uf T. l.'i and B'l abuve-mcutioDcd, I bc| of you to m- 

opinion, fur (he folinwing reafoni : fiill, ferl il. 

whatever IS theproduciD^caufe nftbem Whether hutn^Lti Vii\i:\ oi \ra&%\ 

IMiA be a gmt fcriilittr uf the foil, ■• have ever b«ttv tounA cot«^\«vV^ ^un- 

li»paisittibeiingii,alviaysQ[nfity &ed, ha\ bwn AAa.w4 ^1 t<.i«»^ "»'^ 



ft 12 A PitriJUd Human Heatt.^^Temh of Rofamoncl. [Marcliy 



your correfpondenti. At I profeft my- 
felf a pei (ea novice in thefe fort of re- 
fearches, you muft be facisficd with a. 
iimpte relation of fa^^s only : I lea? cf 
others to comment thereon. 

Walking upon the beach one day, a 
done, of a brownifli a(h colour, attra£^* 
ed my notice. I took it up, and found 
it very ponderous; its form that of the 
human heart, covered with a pericar- 
dium. At the pendulous end the vena 
fova, and its companion, were pinched 
together, proje6ling from the heart. 

I left this curiohty at the Marquis of 
Granby inn at Folkftone till my return. 
The midrefs of the houfe placed it up- 
on a kitchen-table : one of the fervants, 
thinking it of no value, took it into th€ 
yard to break, which he at laft accom- 
plilhed ; fortunately, it broke tranfyerfe* 
fy. Finding it, upon my return, in this 
(ituation rather gave me pleafurei fur, 
as the exterior was a pei