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Full text of "Indian population in the United States and Alaska. 1910"

"WILLIAM F. WARREN, 

IJt D»>Vi J AVENUE, 

WnooKLiNK - - - Mass. 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

SAM. L. ROGERS, Director 



INDIAN POPULATION 



IN THE 



UNITED STATES AND 
ALASKA 



1910 




WASHINGTON 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

1915 



77 
CONTENTS. 



STOIMARY OF SUBJECTS. 

Page. 

Letter op Transmittal 7 

Introductiom - 9 

Population 10-30 

Proportion of Mixed-Bloods 31—12 

Sex Distribution 43-52 

Age Distribution 53-70 

Stocks and Tribes, bt Sex, Age, and Mixture of Blood 71-156 

Fecundity and Vitality 157-160 

Marital Condition 161-194 

School Attendance 195-211 

Illiteracy 212-231 

Inability to Speak English 232-249 

Occupations 250-282 

Indians Taxed and Not Taxed 283-285 

CONTENTS OF SUBJECTS. 

Introduction 9 

Population 10-30 

Comparative statistics 10 

Table 1. — Indian population in the United States and Alaska: 1870-1910 10 

Table 2. — Indian population, by divisions and states: 1890-1910 11 

Table 3. — Number of Indians enumerated on special and general schedide, by divisions and states: 1910 11 

Table 4. — Number and per cent distribution of Indians, for 22 selected states: 1910 12 

Indiana per 10,000 of total population ■ 12 

Table 5. — Number of Indiana per 10,000 of total population, for the United States and Alaska: 1870-1910 13 

Table 6.— Number of Indians per 10,000 of total population, for 22 selected states: 1890-1910 13 

Indians per 100 square miles 14 

Table 7. — Number of Indians per 100 square miles, for 22 selected states: 1910 14 

Indians by stock and tribe 14 

Table 8. — Number of Indiana reported on special Indian schedule, classified by linguistic stocks and tribes: 1910 15 

Table 9.— Indian tribes, by states: 1910 17 

Table 10. — Indian population of the different states, by tribes: 1910 22 

Table 11. — Indian popidation of the United States, by counties: 1890-1910 25 

Proportion of Mixed-Bloods 31^2 

Full-blood and mixed-blood Indiana 31 

Table 12. — Distribution of Indians according to purity of blood, for the United States and Alaska: 1910 31 

Table 13. — Distribution of Indians according to purity of blood, for 22 selected states: 1910 32 

Table 14. — Distribution of Indiana according to purity of blood, for each principal stock, tribe, and state: 1910 32 

White and Indian mixed-bloods 35 

Table 15. — ^Miite and Indian mixed-bloods, by degree of mixture: 1910 35 

Table 16. — Distribution of white and Indian mixed-bloods according to proportion of white blood, for 22 selected states: 

1910 35 

Table 17. — Distribution of white and Indian mixed-bloods according to proportion of white blood, for each principal stock, 

tribe, and state : 1910 36 

Negro and Indian mixed-bloods 38 

Table 18. — Negro and Indian mixed-bloods, by degree of mixture: 1910 38 

Full-tribal and mixed-tribal Indians 38 

Table 19. — Full-blood Indians, by degree of tribal mixture: 1910 38 

Table 20. — Distribution of full-blood Indians according to tribal mixture, for 22 selected states: 1910 38 

Table 21 . — Distribution of full-blood Indiana according to purity of stock : 1910 39 

Table 22. — Distribution of full-blood Indians according to tribal mixture, for each principal tribe and state: 1910 41 

Sex Distribution 43-52 

Comparative statistics 43 

Table 23.— Sex distribution of the Indiana in the United States and Alaska: 1890-1910 43 

Table 24.— Males to 100 females in the Indian population, for 22 selected states: 1890-1910 44 

67090°— 15— 1 (1) 



CONTENTS. 



Sex Distribution — Continued. 

Full-blood and mixed-blood Indians • 

Table 25. Distribution of the Indian population according to sex and mixture of blood, for the United States and Alaska: 

1910 ■■■-- 

Table 26. — Indians in the United States, by divisions and states, and in Alaska, classified according to sex and purity of 

blood: 1910 • ; ■ 

Table 27. Males to 100 females among full-bloods and among mixed-bloods in the Indian population, for the United States 

and Akska: 1910 

Table 28. — Males to 100 females among full-blood and mixed-blood Indian children under 5 years of age: 1910 

Table 29. — Males to 100 females among full-bloods and among mixed-bloods in the Indian population, for 22 selected states: 

1910 

Table 30. — Males to 100 females, by purity of blood, for each principal stock, tribe, and state : 1910 

White and Indian mixed-bloods 

Table 31. — Males to 100 females, among white and Indian mixed-bloods, by degree of mixture: 1910 

Full-tribal and mixed-tribal Indians 

Table 32.— Males to 100 females among Indians of full blood, by degree of tribal mixture: 1910 

Table 33. — Males to 100 females among Indians of full-tribal and mixed-tribal blood, for 22 selected states: 1910 

Table 34.— Males to 100 females for Indians of full-tribal blood, for each principal tribe and state: 1910 

Age Distribution 



All Indians. 



Table 35. — Age distribution of the Indians in the United States and Alaska: 1910 and 1900 

Table 3G.— Age distribution of Indians, for 22 selected states: 1910 

Table 37. — Age distribution of Indians, for each principal stock and tribe: 1910 

Table 38. — Distribution by single years of age of the Indian population of the United States and Alaska: 1910 

Full-blood and mixed-blood Indians 

Table 39. — Per cent distribution of Indians according to age and mixture of blood, for the United States and Alaska: 1910. . 

Table 40.— Indians in the United States and Alaska, classified according to sex and age periods, by mixture of blood : 1910. . 

Table 41. — Indians in the United States, by divisions and states, and in Alaska, classified according to purity of blood and 
age periods: 1910 

Table 42. — Age distribution of Indians of full blood and of mixed blood, for 22 selected states: 1910 

Table 43.— Age distribution of Indians of full blood and of mixed blood, for each principal stock and tribe: 1910 

Sex ratios, by age groups 

Table 44. — Males to 100 females in the Indian population, by age groups, for the United States and Alaska: 1910 

Table 45.— Males to 100 females in the Indian population, by age groups, for 22 selected states: 1910 

Table 4G.— Males to 100 females in each age group, for each principal stock and tribe: 1910 

Table 47.— Males to 100 females, by age groups and purity of blood: 1910 

Table 48. — Males to 100 females in each age group among Indians of full blood and of mixed blood, for 22 selected states: 1910. 

Table 49. — Males to 100 females in each age group among Indians of full blood and of mixed blood, for each principal stock 

and tribe : 1910 

Stocks and Tribes, by Sex, Age, and Mixture of Blood 

Introduction 

Indians In the United States (name of stock, tribe, location, etc.) , , 



'<%- 



Algonquian stock 72 

Athapaskan stock 77 

Caddoan stock 79 

Chimakuan stock 81 

Chimarikan stock 81 

Chinookan stock 81 

Chitimachan stock 82 

Chumashan stock 82 

Costanoan stock 82 

Croatan group 82 

Eskimauan stock 82 

Ilaidan stock 82 

Iroquoian stock 82 



Kalapooian stock . 

Karok stock 

Keresau stock 

Kiowan stock 

Kusan stock 

Kutenaian stock... 
Lutuamian stock. . 

Maidu stock 

Mi wok stock 

Muskhogeaii stock. 

Piman stock 

Pomo stock 

Saliuan stock 

Salishan stock .... 



85 
85 
85 
86 
86 
87 
87 
87 
87 
88 
89 
89 
90 
90 



Shahaptian stock. . 

Shastan stock 

Shoshonean stock.. 

Siouan stock 

Takelman stock. . . 

Tanoan stock 

Tarascan stock 

Tlingit stock 

Tonkawan stock. . . 
Tsimshian stock. . , 

Tunican stock . 

Waiilatpuan stock. 
Wakashan stock. . . 
Washoan stock. ... 

Wintun stock 

Wiyat stock 

Yakonan stock ... 

Yanan stock 

Yokuts stock 

Yuchean stock. . . 

Yukian stock 

Yuman stock 

Yurok St ock 

Zapotecan stock. . 

Zunian stock 

Miscellaneous. . . . 



Page. 

44 

44 

45 

46 
46 

46 

47 
49 
49 
49 
49 
50 
51 
53-70 
53 
53 
53 
55 
57 
58 
58 
58 

59 
60 
60 
64 
64 
64 
65 
66 
67 

67 
71-156 

71 
72-111 

Page. 
94 
96 
96 
99 
104 
104 
106 
106 
106 
106 
106 
106 
107 
107 
107 
108 
108 
108 
108 
109 
109 
109 
110 
110 
110 
111 



CONTENTS. 3 

Stocks and Tribes, by Sex, Age, and Mixture op Blood — Continued. Page. 

Indians in Alaska (name of stock, tribe, location, etc.) 111-115 



Page. 

Algonquian stock Ill 

Athapaskan stock Ill 

Eskimauan stock 112 

Haidan stock 115 



Page. 

Tlingit stock 115 

Tsimshian stock 115 

Miscellaneous 115 



Table 50. — Number of Indians reported on special Indian schedule, classified by linguistic stocks and tribes and by sex and 

purity of blood : 1910 116 

Table 51. — Indians in each stock and tribe in Ihe United States, classified according to sex and age periods, by mixture of 

blood: 1910 123 

Table 52. — Indians in each stock and tribe in Alaska, classified according to sex and age periods, by mixture of blood: 1910 154 

Fecundity and Vitality 157-160 

Sterility 157 

Table 53. — Women 15 to 44 years of age, married one year or more, bearing no children, by degree of mixture : 1910 157 

Fecundity 157 

Table 54. — ^Women 15 to 44 years of age, married 10 to 20 years, bearing children, by degree of mixture: 1910 158 

Table 55. — Average number of children per marriage, by degree of mixture: 1910 1.58 

Vitalit y 158 

Table 56. — Number of children borne by married women and living at the time of the enumeration, by degree of mixture: 

1910 158 

Table 57. — Per cent which women, all of whose children survive, form of the total number of women bearing specified 

number of children, by degree of mixture: 1910 159 

Table 58. — Per cent which women, none of whose children survive, form of the total number of women bearing specified 

number of children, by degree of mixture: 1910 , 159 

Marital Condition 161-194 

All ages IGl 

Table 59. — Marital condition of Indians of all ages, for the United States and Alaska: 1910 161 

Fifteen years of age and over : 161 

Table 60. — Marital condition of Indians 15 years of age and over, for the United States and Alaska: 1910 and 1900 161 

Table 61. — Mai-ital condition of Indian, Negro, and white population 15 years of age and over: 1910 161 

Table 62. — Marital condition of Indians 15 years of age and over, by principal stocks: 1910 162 

Polygamy among Indians 162 

Age periods 162 

Table 63. — ^Marital condition of the Indian population according to age periods, for the United States and Alaska: 1910. . . 163 
Table 64. — Per cent distribution of the Indian, Negro, and white population in each age group according to marital condi- 
tion: 1910 163 

Table 65. — Marital condition of the Indian population 15 years of age and over, by divisions and states: 1910 164 

Table 66. — Marital condition of the Indian population 15 years of age and over in the United States, by principal stocks 

and tribes: 1910 165 

Table 67. — Marital condition of the Indian population 15 years of age and over, classified by age periods, for 22 selected 

states: 1910 168 

Table 68. — Marital condition of the Indian population 15 years of age and over in the United States and Alaska, classified 

by age periods, by principal stocks: 1910 171 

Table 69. — Marital condition of the Indian population 15 years of age and over in the United States, classified by age 

periods, by principal tribes and principal states: 1910 175 

School Attendance 195-211 

Appropriations for Indian schools 195 

Table 70. — Appropriations for Indian schools compared with total appropriations for Indian affairs by the National Gov- 
ernment : 1877-1910 195 

Enrollment in Indian schools 195 

Table 71.— Number of Indian schools and enrollment : 1890-1910 195 

Table 72. — Number of Indian schools and average attendance: 1877-1889 196 

Table 73 . — Comparison of statistics of the Office of Indian Affaire and the Bureau of the Census : 1910 196 

School attendance, 6 to 19 years 196 

Table 74. — School attendance of Indians, by sex and age periods, for the United States and Alaska: 1910 197 

Table 75. — School attendance of Indians, Negroes, and whites, by sex and age periods: 1910 197 

Table 76. — School attendance of Indian population 6 to 19 years of age, for 22 selected states: 1910 198 

Table 77. — School attendance of Indian population 6 to 19 years of age, by divisions and states: 1910 199 

Table 78. — School attendance of Indians 6 to 19 years of age of unknown stock or tribe : 1910 200 

School attendance, 1910 and 1900 200 

Table 79. — School attendance of Indians, by age periods, for the United States and Alaska: 1910 and 1900 ' 200 

Table 80. — School attendance of Indians 5 to 20 years of age, for 22 selected states: 1910 and 1900 200 

Table 81. — School attendance of Indians to 19 years of age in each principal stock, by principal tribes and principal states, 

for the United States and Alaska: 1910 201 

Table 82. — School attendance of Indians 6 to 19 years of age in each principal stock, by sex and age periods, for the United 

States and Alaska: 1910 204 

Table 83. — School attendance of Indians 6 to 19 years of age, by stock, tribe, and principal states, classified by sex and age 

periods, for the United States and Alaska: 1910 206 



4 CONTENTS. 

Page. 

Illiteracy 212-231 

Illiteracy, 1910 and 1900 212 

Table 84. — Illiterates among Indians 10 years of age and over compared with other classes of the population, for the United 

Statea and Alaska: 1910 and 1900 212 

Illiteracy, by sex 21 2 

Table 85. — ^Illiterates among Indian males and females 10 years of age and over, compared with other classes of the popula- 
tion, for the United States and Alaska: 1910 and 1900 212 

Table 86. — Illiterates among Indians 10 years of age and over, by sex and age, for the United Statea and Alaska: 1910 and 

1900 213 

Illiteracy, by states 213 

Table ST. — Illiterates among Indians 10 years of age and over, 10 to 19 years of age, and 20 years of age and over, respec- 
tively, in 22 selected statea: 1910 and 1900 214 

Table 88. — Illiterates among Indian males and females 10 years of age and over, 10 to 19 years of age, and 20 years of age and 

over, respectively, in 22 selected states: 1910 214 

Table 89. — Illiterate Indian males and females 10 years of age and over, classified by age periods, by divisions and states: 

1910 215 

Illiteracy, by stocks and tribes 216 

Table 90. — Illiterates among Indian males and females 10 years of age and over, 10 to 19 years of age, and 20 years of age and 

over, respectively, by principal stocks: 1910 216 

Table 91. — Illiterates among Indians 10 years of age and over of unknown stock or tribe, by age periods: 1910 217 

Table 92. — Illiterate Indian males and females 10 years of age and over, classified by age periods, by stocks, principal tribes, 

and principal states: 1910 ' 219 

Table 93. — Illiterates among Indians 10 years of age and over, classified by sex, and among Indians 10 to 19 years of age and 
20 years of age and over, respectively, for each principal stock, by principal tribes and by principal states: 

1910 226 

Inabiuty to Speak Engli.sh 232-249 

Inability to speak English, 1910 and 1900 232 

Table 94. — Indians 10 years of age and over unable to speak English, by sex and age periods, for the United States and 

Alaska: 1910 and 1900 ■ 232 

Inability to speak English, by states 232 

Table 95. — Indian males and females 10 years of age and over tmaljle to speak English, for 22 selected states: 1910 and 1900. . 232 
Table 96. — Indian males and females ] to 19 years of age and 20 years of age and over, respectively, tinable to speak English, 

for 22 selected states: 1910 233 

Inability to speak English, by stocks and tribes 233 

Table 97. — Indian males and females 10 years of age and over, 10 to 19 years of age, and 20 years of age and over, respec- 
tively, unable to speak English, by principal stocks: 1910 234 

Table 98. — Indian males and females 10 years of age and over unable to speak English, classified by age periods, by divi- 
sions and states: 1910 and 1900 236 

Table 99. — Indian males and females 10 years of age and over unable to speak English, classified by age periods, by stocks, 

principal tribes, and principal states: 1910 237 

Table 100. — Indians 10 years of age and over, classified by sex, and Indians 10 to 19 years of age and 20 years of age and 
over, respectively, unable to speak English, for each principal stock, by principal tribes and by principal 

states: 1910 244 

OcccPATioNs 250-282 

Sufficiency of the occupation returns 250 

Number and proportion occupied 250 

Table 101. — Number of Indians engaged in gainful occupations compared with the total number of Indians and with Indians 

10 years of age and over, by sex, for the United States and Alaska: 1910 and 1900 250 

Talile 102. — Number and proportion of Indians of each sex 10 years of age and over engaged in gainful occupations, for 22 

selected states: 1910 251 

Table 103. — Number and proportion of Indians of each sex 10 years of age and over engaged in gainful occupations, for 

principal stocks and tribes: 1910 253 

Number and proportion in the general divisions of occupations 255 

Tal)lo 104. — Distribution by general divisions of occupations of Indians 10 years of age and over engaged in gainful occupa- 
tions, by sex: 1910 255 

Occupations, by sex 255 

Table 105. — Number of Indians 10 years of ago and over engaged in gainful occupations, classified by sex: 1910 256 

Table 106. — Occupations of Indian males and females in the United States 10 years of age and over enumerated on the 

general population schedule, of unknown stock or tribe: 1910 258 

Selected occupations, by sex and age periods 258 

Table 107. — Number and proportion of Indians of each sex engaged in gainful occupations, by age periods, for the United 

States and Alaska: 1910 259 

Table 108. — Number of Indian males and females engaged in specified occupations, classified by age periods: 1910 259 

Table 109. — Number of Indian males and females in each principal tribe and principal state engaged in selected occupations, 

classified by age periods: 1910 262 

Indlans Taxed and Not Taxed 283-285 

Table 110. — Indian population, classified as taxed and not taxed, by divisions and states: 1910, 1900, and 1890 284 



CONTENTS. 6 

MAPS AND DIAGRAMS. 

MAPS. 

Page. 

Linguistic families of American Indians north of Mexico Opposite 9 

Distribution of the Indian population of the United States: 1910 9 

Number of Indians per 10,000 of total population: 1910 13 

Number of Indians per 10,000 of total population: 1890 13 

Number of Indiana per 100 square miles (land area): 1910 14 

Proportion of full-bloods in the Indian population of the United States: 1910 31 

Proportion of Indians of full-tribal blood of total full-blood Indians: 1910 38 

Excess of males or females in the Indian population: 1910 43 

Excess of males or females in the Indian population : 1890 43 

Excess of males or females among Indians of full blood : 1910 46 

Excess of males or females among Indians of mixed blood : 1910 46 

Excess of males or females among Indians of full-tribal blood : 1910 50 

Excess of males or females among Indians of mixed-tribal blood: 1910 50 

Proportion of Indians under 20 years of age: 1910 53 

Proportion of Indians 20 to 50 years of age: 1910 54 

Proportion of Indians 51 years of age and over: 1910 54 

Excess of males or females among Indiana under 20 years of age: 1910 64 

Excess of malea or femalea among Indiana 20 to 50 years of age: 1910 64 

Excess of males or females among Indiana 51 years of age and over: 1910 64 

Proportion of Indians 6 to 19 years of age attending school: 1910 198 

Proportion of Indians taxed: 1910 285 

Proportion of Indians taxed: 1890 285 

DIAGRAMS. 

Indian population of 22 selected states: 1910 12 

Proportion of full-blood and mixed-blood Indiana, and of Indiana of fuU-tribal blood, in each principal tribe: 1910 40 

Age distribution of Indiana in each principal tribe: 1910 54 

Percentage of school attendance among Indians 6 to 19 years of age in each principal tribe: 1910 198 

Percentage of iUiteratea among Indians 10 to 19 years of age and 20 years of age and over, in 22 selected states: 1910 213 

Percentage of illiterates among Indians 10 to 19 years of age and 20 years of age and over, in each principal tribe: 1910 218 

Per cent unable to speak EngUsh among Indians 10 to 19 years of age and 20 years of age and over, in each principal tribe: 1910 . . 235 

Percentage of Indian males and femalea 10 years of age and over engaged in gainful occupations, in each principal tribe: 1910 252 



LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL. 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE, 

BUEEAU OF THE CeNSUS, 

Washington, D. C, June 1, 1915. 
Sir: 

I have the honor to transmit herewith a report on the Indian population of the United States and Alaska 
in 1910. This report furnishes detailed statistics and, wherever possible, comparative data concerning Indians, 
the information for 1910 being derived in part from the returns made on the general population schedule and 
in part from inquiries made on a special schedule as to stock and tribe and purity of blood. This special 
report on Indians covers the following topics: Population; proportion of mixed-bloods; sex distribution; age 
distribution; stocks and tribes, in detail by purity of blood, tribal mixture, sex, and age; fecundity and vitahty; 
marital condition; school attendance; illiteracy; inabihty to speak Enghsh; occupations; and Indians taxed 
and not taxed. 

The report was prepared under the supervision of WiUiam C. Hunt, chief statistician for population. The 
text and tables for the first six topics named were prepared by Dr. Roland B. Dixon, expert special agent, 
and the work was completed in March, 1912, and a bulletin based thereon, giving the distribution of the Indian 
population according to stock, tribe, blood, sex, age, and fecundity and vitality, was issued June 26, 1913. 
The text and tables for the remainmg topics were prepared by Dr. F. A. McKenzie, expert special agent, but 
work on these sections of the report was discontinued in February, 1912, because of the large reduction in the 
Thirteenth Census temporary force, and was not resumed untU May, 1914. The tabulations (except for 
occupations) were substantially completed prior to the suspension of the work in February, 1912, and the 
more recent work in 1914 consisted largely of the examination and verification of the tabulated results and 
the preparation of the general tables and textual matter. The completion of the entire report has necessarily 
been considerably delaj-ed, but the statistics presented have a permanent historical value, as it is not likely 
that another effort wiU be made to secure tlirough the census special data regarding Indians as a separate and 
distinct element of the population. 
Respectfully, 



fm.^- fyc^ 



Director of the Census. 
To Hon. William C. Redfield, 

Secretary of Commerce. 

(7) 



A. 



INDIAN POPULATION, 



INTRODUCTION. 



This report gives the principal statistics relating to 
the Indian population of the United States and of 
Alaska collected at the Thirteenth Decennial Census, 
taken m 1910. 

The statistics of Indians were gathered in part by 
means of the general population schedule and in part 
by means of a special schedule containing, in addition 
to the questions found on the general schedule, inqui- 
ries as to tribe and purity of blood. The special 
schedules were used in all the districts containing 
Indians ou reservations and throughout counties where 
as many as 20 Indians were returned at the census 
of 1900. 

Special agents, most of whom had had some experi- 
ence in the service of the Ofhce of Indian Affairs, were 
appointed for the collection of statistics by means of 
the special schedule. In the conduct of the field work 
and in the preparation of schedules, the Bureau of the 
Census was effectively aided by the Office of Indian 
Affairs and the Bureau of American Ethnology. 

At the Thirteenth Census the general enumeration 
of population, including Indians, in the United States 
proper was made as of April 15, 1910, but in Alaska 



the date of enumeration generally was December 31, 
1909, or a time as near that date as was permitted by 
chmatic considerations, the inaccessibility of certain 
regions, and the varying conditions arising from the 
wide dispersion of a small population over a large area; 
in fact, m some locahties, where it was impracticable to 
imdertake the field work on or immediately following 
December 31, the enumeration was begun prior to 
that date, while in others it was deferred until late in 
winter or until early spring. 

The topics covered by this special report on Indians 
are 12 in number, namely, population; proportion of 
mixed-bloods; sex distribution; age distribution ; stocks 
and tribes, in detail by purity of blood, tribal mixture, 
sex, and age ; fecundity and vitality; marital condition; 
school attendance ; iUiteracy ; inabiUty to speak Enghsh; 
occupations; and Indians taxed and not taxed. 

Inquiries were also made on the special Indian sched- 
ule as to graduation from educational institutions, al- 
lotments, residence on own lands, and whether living 
in civihzed or aboriginal dwellings, but the answers 
were so deficient or manifestly inaccurate as to render 
the results of fittle or no value. 



DISTRIBUTION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES: 1910. 
[In the ease o( Kansas and Pennsylvania the base flgnres are exclusive of Indians in Haskell Institute and Carlisle Indian School, respectively.) 




POPULATION. 



Comparative statistics. — The total number of Indians 
in the United States, exclusive of outlying possessions, 
in 1910 was 265,683,' and in Alaska 25,331. Table 1 
presents the census figures for the United States and 



for Alaska separately for 1910 and earher years, to- 
gether with figures for the United States (exclusive of 
Alaska) derived from the reports of the Commissioner 
of Indian Affairs. 



Table 1 

YEAR. 


INDIAN POPULATION. 


United States. 


Alaska (census 
returns). 


Census returns. 


Reports of the 
Commissioner of 
Indian Aflairs.' 


1910 


265, 683 
237, 196 
248, 253 


279, 023 
250, 000 
228, 000 
244, 000 
278,000 


25, 331 

29, 536 

25, 354 

2 32, 996 


1900 


1890 


1880 . 


1870 











' Figures are exclusive of freedmen and intermarried whites, as follows: 1910, 25,927; 1900, 20,000 (estimate); 1890, 16,000 (estimate); 1880, 
12,000 (estimate): and 1870, 10,000 (estimate.) 
' Partly estimated. 



According to the census figures, which cover the 
last three enumerations only, the number of Indians 
in the United States decreased between 1890 and 
1900 but increased during the last decade, the in- 
crease for the 20-year period 1890-1910 being 17,430, 
or 7 per cent. The data from the reports of the 
Commissioner of Indian Affairs indicate that the 
number of Indians decreased from 1870 to 1890 and 
increased by about the same amount in the following 
20 years. 

In Alaska the number of Indians reported decreased 
from 1880 to 1910 by 7,665, or 23.2 per cent. The 
figure for 1890 is probably incomplete, omng to the 
unexplored condition of the country at the time, so 
that the increase between 1890 and 1900 may be only 

'The Commissioner of Indian Affairs reports 304,950 Indians in 
1910, but this number includes 25,927 freedmen and intermarried 
whites among the Five Civilized Tribes of Oklahoma, the proper 
figure for comparison with the census returns thus being 279,023. 
The 265,683 Indians returned by the census, however, include 
18,546 enumerated among the general population, a lai-ge proportion 
of whom are probably not included in the Indian Office returns. 
Thus the number represented in the returns of the Indian Office 
but not in the census returns comprises, a.side from the freedmen 
and intermarried whites mentioned, 13,340 (the difference between 
279,023 and 265,683) plus a large part of 18,546, amounting to about 
25,000 in all. Analysis by states shows that this difference is almost 
entirely confined to two states, Oklahoma and Arizona, and within 
these states to the Five Civilized Tribes in Oklahoma and to the 
Navajos in Arizona. In the case of Oklahoma the United States 
census total for 1910, 74,825, is very close to that obtained at the 
special census of 1907, 75,012, and it is likely that these figures are 
more nearly accurate than those of the Indian Office, which are 
based on data collected by the Dawes Commission. In the case 
of the Navajos of Arizona, it is likely that the census returns are 
slightly below the true figure, owing to the diniculty of reaching 
all the members of this large nomadic tribe; but, on the other hand, 
the figure of the Indian Office is based on an estimate that has 
remained practically unchanged since 1905. It appears, tlierefore, 
that the figure for the United States aa given by the Bureau of the 
Census, 265,083, is substantially accurate. 

(10) 



apparent. The figure for 1880, though based in part 
on an estimate, is believed to be approximately correct. 
It is probable that the census returns for 1910 and 
1900 are fairly comparable, but the difficulties of 
enumerating the Alaska Indians are so great that 
conclusions from the statistics must necessarily be 
tentative. 

It should be noted that all persons of mixed white 
and Indian blood who have any appreciable amount 
of Indian blood are counted as Indians, even though 
the proportion of white blood may exceed that of 
Indian blood. Since there is an increasing amount of 
white blood, as more fully brought out later, in what 
is classed as the Indian population, it follows that the 
number of persons included in that class would tend 
to increase from census to census without necessarily 
any increase in the total amount of Indian blood in 
the country. In other words, while, if there were no 
marriages of Indians except between full-bloods a 
decline in the total Indian population might appear, 
the number classed as Indian might increase very 
materially as the result of marriages between Indians 
and persons of other races or between full-blood and 
mLxed-blood Indians. 

Table 11 (p. 25) gives the number of Indians for 
each county in the United States for which one or more 
Indians were reported at any of the last three Federal 
censuses, namely, those for 1910, 1900, and 1890. 
The total number of Indians in the United States at 
each of these three censuses is shown by divisions and 
states in Table 2 on the following page. 

With respect to Indian population, as shown by 
Tabl? 2, Oklahoma and Arizona have occupied first 
and second places, respectively, since 1890; New 



POPULATION. 



11 



Mexico, which in 1S90 and 1900 was fifth, came third in 
1910, having replaced South Dakota, which in 1910 was 
in fourth place. California, which formerly stood 
fourth, was fifth in 1910, and Montana and Washington, 
formerly sixth and seventh, had changed places in 1910. 
Minnesota and Wisconsin, formerly eighth and ninth, 
also changed places in 1910, and North Carolina, 
which was twelfth in 1900, was tenth in 1910, having 
replaced North Dakota, which dropped to twelfth 
place, Michigan coming eleventh in 1910. 



Table Z 


INDLAN .POPULATION. 




1910 


1900 


1890 




265,683 


237,196 


248,253 






Geographic divisions: 

New England 


2,076 

7,717 
18,255 
41,406 
9,054 
2,612 
76,767 
75,338 
32,458 


1,600 
6,959 
15,027 
42,339 
6,585 
2,590 
65,574 
66, 155 
30,367 


1,445 


Middle Atlantic 


7,209 


East North Central 


16, 202 


West North Central 


46,822 


South Atlantic 


2,359 




3,396 


West South Central 


66, 042 




72,002 


Pacific 


32,776 






New England: 


892 
34 
26 
688 
284 
152 

6,046 

168 

1,503 

127 

279 

188 

7,519 

10,142 

9,053 
471 
313 

6,486 
19, 137 

3,502 

2,444 

5 

65 

68 

539 

36 

7,851 

331 

95 

74 

234 

216 

909 

1,253 

460 

780 

74,825 

702 

10,745 
3,488 
1,486 
1,482 
20,573 
29, 201 
3,123 
5,240 

10,997 
5,090 
16,371 


798 

22 

5 

587 
35 

153 

5,257 

63 

1,639 

42 
243 

16 
6,354 
8,372 

9,182 
3S2 
130 

6,968 
20,225 

3,322 

2,130 

9 

3 

22 

354 

12 

5,687 

121 

19 

358 

102 

108 

177 

2,203 

66 

593 

64,445 

470 

11,343 
4,226 
1,686 
1,437 
13,144 
26, 480 
2,623 
5,216 

10,039 
4,951 
15,377 


559 


New Hampshire 


16 




34 


Massachusetts 


428 


Rhode Island 


180 


Coimecticut 


228 


Middle Atlantic: 

New York 


6,044 

84 




Pennsylvania 


1,081 
206 


East North Central: 
Ohio 




343 


Illinois 


98 




5,625 


Wisconsin 


9,930 

10,096 
457 


West North Central: 
Minnesota 




Missouri 


128 


North Dakota 


8,174 


South Dakota 


19,854 
6,431 


Nebraska 




1,682 


South Atlantic; 

Delaware 


4 


Marjiand 


44 


District of Columbia. . . 


25 


Virginia 


349 




9 


North Carolina , 


1,516 




173 


Georgia 


68 


Florida 


171 


East_ South Central: 


71 


Tennessee 


146 




1,143 


Mississippi 


2,036 
250 


West South Central: 

Arkansas 




628 


Oklahoma i 


64,456 
708 


Texas 




11,206 






1,844 


Colorado 


1 092 




15,044 
29 98 1 


Arizona 


Utah 


3,456 






Pacific: 

Washington 


11 181 




4,971 
16,624 


California 





blood- were obtained, and 18,546 scattered Indians 
enumerated on the general population schedule only. 
Table 3 shows this distribution by states. 



' Includes Indian population of Indian Territory for 1900 and 1890. 

Of the 265,683 Indians in the United States in 
1910 there were 247,137 Indians for whom special 
schedules containing data as to tribe and purity of 



Table 3 


number of indians 
enumerated: 1910. 


DIVISION AND STATE. 


Total. 


On 

special 

Indian 

schedules. 


On 
general 
popula- 
tion 
schedule 
only. 




265,683 


247,137 


18,546 






Geographic divisions: 

New England 


2,076 

7,717 

18,255 

41,406 

9,054 

2,612 

76,767 

75,338 

32,458 


1,320 
6,392 
16,502 
39,435 
7,870 
1,488 
71,630 
73,074 
29, 426 


756 


Middle A tlantio 


1,325 


East North Central ... 


1,753 


West North Central 


1,971 


South Atlantic. .. ... 


1,184 




1,124 


West South Central . . . 


5,137 






Pacific 


3' 032 




' 


New England: 


892 
34 
26 
688 
284 
152 

6,046 

1 168 

2 1,503 

127 

279 

188 

7,519 

10, 142 

9,053 

471 

313 

6,486 

19, 137 

3,502 

2 2,444 

5 

55 
68 

539 

36 

7,851 

331 
95 
74 

234 

216 

909 

1,253 

460 

780 

74,825 

702 

10,745 
3,488 
1,486 
1,482 
20,573 
29,201 
3,123 
5,240 

10,997 
5,090 
16,371 


806 
3 


86 


New Hampshire . ... 


31 


Vermont . . 


26 


Massachusetts... ... 


433 


255 




284 


Connecticut ... 


78 

5,209 

162 

2 1,121 

40 

95 

9 

6,761 

9,597 

8,756 

302 

71 

6,168 

18, 822 

3,312 

• 2,004 


74 


Middle Atlantic: 

NewYork 


837 




106 


Pennsylvania.. 


382 


East North Central: 

Ohio 


87 




184 


Illinois 


179 




758 


Wisconsin 


545 


West North Central: 

Miimesota , . 


297 




169 


Missouri ... 


242 


North Dakota 


318 


South Dakota . 


315 


Nebraska 


190 


Kansas . ... 


440 


South Atlantic: 

Delaware 


5 






55 




13 
362 


55 


Virginia 


177 


West Virginia 


36 


North Carolina 


7,287 
188 


564 




143 




95 




20 


54 


East South Central: 
Kentucky 


234 


Tennessee . 


61 

251 

1,176 


155 




658 


Mississippi 


77 


West South Central: 

Arkansas. . 


460 




423 

70, 774 

433 

10,394 

3,426 

1,458 

769 

20,279 

28,748 

3,051 

4,949 

9,852 
4,580 
14,994 


357 


Oklahoma 


4,051 


Te.xas 


269 


Mountain: 


351 


Idaho 


62 




28 


Colorado . 


713 




294 


Arizona . 


453 


Utah 


72 




291 


Pacific: 

Washington 


1,145 




510 


California. 


1,377 







1 Includes 62 Indians with Wild West Show. 

' Includes 1,010 Indians enumerated in Carlisle Indian School. 

3 Includes 591 Indians enumerated in Haskell Institute. 

The number of Indians in 1910 is shown for each 
of the 22 states having an Indian population of 1,000 
or over, and for "All other states" c()mbined, in Table 
4. This is also shown graphically for the same states 
in the diagram accompanying the table. Tlie distri- 
bution of the Indian population of the United States 
is shown graphically in the map on page 9. 



12 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



Table 4 

STATE. 


Number of 

Indians: 

1910. 


Per cent 
of total. 


Cumulative 
percentage. 


TInitfld States 


265,683 


100.0 








Oklahoma 


74,825 

29,201 

20,573 

19,137 

16,371 

10,997 

10,745 

10,142 

9,053 

7,851 

7,519 

6,486 

6,046 

5,240 

5,090 

3,502 

3,488 

3,123 

11,853 

1,486 

1,482 

1,253 


28.2 
11.0 
7.7 
7.2 

a2 

4.1 
4.0 
3.8 
3.4 
3.0 
2.8 
2.4 
2 3 
2.0 
1.9 
1.3 
1.3 
1.2 
0.7 
0.6 
0.6 
0.5 


28.2 




39.2 




46.9 


South Dakota 


54.1 




60.3 




644 


Montana 


68.4 




72 2 




75.6 




7a 6 




81.4 


North Dakota 


83.8 


New York 


86.1 




8S. 1 




90.0 




91.3 




92 6 


Utah 


93.8 




94 5 




95.1 


Colorado 


95.7 
96.2 








255,463 
10,220 


96.2 
3.8 













I Exclusive of 591 Indians in Haskell Institute, who are included in the total for 
"All other states." 



Oklahoma had by far the 
Indians reported for any state in 1910, 74,825, or more 



greatest number of 



than one-fourth of all the Indians in the United States, 
while 7 other states reported more than 10,000 Indians 
each. These 8 states, all of which, except Wisconsin, 
are situated west of the Mississippi, contained together 
nearly three-fourths (72.2 per cent) of the total number. 
Of the remaining states, Minnesota with 9,053, North 
Carolina with 7,851, Michigan with 7,519, North Dakota 
with 6,486, and New York with 6,046, had the largest 
Indian population. The 22 states shown separately 
in the table include all those having 1,000 or more 
Indians, except Pennsylvania, where out of a total of 
1,503 Indians 1,010 were in the CarUsle Indian School 
and did not properly belong to the Indian population 
of the state. 

The states shown separately in the table contained 
96.2 per cent of the total Indian population. While 
there were Indians in every state of the Union in 
1910, as shown by Table 2, the number in some was 
extremely small, 4 states — Delaware, Vermont, New 
Hampshire, and West Virginia— having less than 50 
Indians each. 



INDIAN POPULATION OF 22 SELECTED STATES: 1910. 



OKLAHOMA . . . 
ARIZONA .... 
NEW MEXICO . . 
SOUTH DAKOTA . 
CALIFORNIA. . . 
WASHINGTON . . 
MONTANA . . . 
WISCONSIN . . . 
MINNESOTA . . 
NORTH CAROLINA 
MICHIGAN . . . 
NORTH DAKOTA . 
NEW YORK . . . 
NEVADA . . . . 
OREGON . . . . 
NEBRASKA . . . 

IDAHO 

UTAH 

KANSAS . . . . 
WYOMING . . . 
COLORADO . . . 
MISSISSIPPI . . . 



74,825 

29,201 

20,573 

19,137 

16,371 

10,997 

10,745 

10,142 

9,053 

7,851 

7,519 

6,486 

6,046 

5,240 

5,090 

3,502 

3,488 

3,123 

' 1,853 

1,486 

1,482 

1,253 



THOUSANDS 




BO 

1 



' Exclusive of Indians at Haskell Institute. 



Indians per 10,000 of total population. — Table 5 
shows the number of Indians per 10,000 of the total 
population in the United States at each census from 
1870 to 1910, and in Alaska at each census from 1880 
to 1910. 



The proportion of Indians in the United States de- 
clined steadily from 1870, when it was 72.1 per 10,000 
of the total population, to 1910, when it was 28.9. In 
Alaska the decUne in the proportion of Indians has 
been even more pronounced, the number in each 



POPULATION. 



13 



10,000 of the total population decreasing from 9,871.4 
in 1880 to 3,936.1 in 1910. Thus, while in 1880 almost 
the entire population of Alaska consisted of Indians, 
in 1910 they formed only about two-fifths of all the 
inhabitants. 



Table 5 


UNITED STATES. 


ALASKA. 




Total 
population. 


Indian population. 


Total 
population. 


Indian population. 


CENSDS 
YEAR. 


Number. 


Per 
10.000 
of the 
total 


Number. 


Per 10.000 

of the 
total pop- 
ulation. 


1910 


91,972.266 
75,994,575 
62.947,714 
50,155,783 
38,558,371 


265,683 

237,196 

248,253 

1244,000 

1278,000 


28.9 
31.2 
39.4 
4S.6 
72.1 


64,356 
63,592 
33,052 
33,426 


25,331 
29,536 
25,354 
32,996 


3,936.1 


1900 


4.644.6 


1S90 


7,670.9 


1880 


9,871.4 


1870 













1 Estimate from report of the Commissioner of Indian Aflairs. 



The number of Indians per 10,000 of the total popu- 
lation in 1910, 1900, and 1890 is shown, in Table 6, for 
each of the 22 states in which in 1910 at least 1,000 
Indians were reported. The proportions for 1910 and 
1890 are also shown gi-aphically, by states, in the maps 
below. There were 9 states in 1910 in which the 
Indians formed as much as 100 per 10,000, or 1 per 
cent of the population. The states were as follows: 
Arizona, 1,428.9; Nevada, 640; New Mexico, 628.6; 
Oklahoma, 451.5; South Dakota, 327.8; Montana, 
285.7; North Dakota, 112.4; Idaho, 107.1; and Wyo- 
ming, 101.8. It will be noted that Oldahoma, which 
had by far the greatest Indian population in 1910, 
occupied fourth place in proportion of Indians to total 
population, the proportion in that state being less 
than one-third that in Arizona. The number of In- 
dians per 10,000 total population dechned between 
1900 and 1910 in all but 4 of the 22 states Usted below. 



Table 6 


1910 


1900 


1890 


STATE. 


Total 
population. 


Indian population. 


Total 
population. 


Indian population. 


Total 
population. 


Indian population. 


Number. 


Per 10,000 
of the total 
population. 


Nujnber. 


Per 10,000 
of the total 
population. 


Number. 


Per 10,000 
of the total 
population. 


United States 


91,972,266 


265,683 


28.9 


75,994,575 


237, 196 


31.2 


62,947,714 


248,253 


39.4 




204,354 

2,377,549 

799,024 

325, 594 

1,690,949 

2,810,173 
2,075,708 
1,797,114 
376,053 
1,192,214 

81,875 

327,301 

9,113,614 

2,206,287 

577,056 

1,657,155 

672, 765 

583,888 

373,351 
1,141,990 
2,333,860 

145,965 


29,201 

16,371 

1,482 

3,488 

2,444 

7,519 
9,053 
1,253 
10, 745 
3,602 

5,240 

20,573 

6,046 

7,851 

6,486 
74,825 

5,090 
19, 137 

3,123 
10,997 
10,142 

1,486 


1,428.9 

68.9 

18.5 

107.1 

■14.5 

26.8 
43.6 
7.0 
285.7 
29.4 

640.0 

628.6 

6.6 

35.6 
112.4 
451.5 

75.7 
327.8 

83.6 
96.3 
43.5 
101.8 


122,931 

1,485,053 

539,700 

161, 772 

1,470,495 

2,420,982 
1,751,394 
1,551,270 
243,329 
1,066,300 

42, .335 

195,310 

7,268,894 

1,893,810 

319,146 
790,391 
413,536 
401,570 

276, 749 

518, 103 

2,069,042 

92, 531 


26, 480 

15,377 

1,437 

4,226 

2,130 

6,354 
9,182 
2,203 
11,343 
3,322 

5,216 
13,144 
5,257 
5,687 

6,968 
64,445 

4,951 
20,225 

2,623 

10,039 

8,372 

1,686 


2,154.1 
103.5 

26.6 
261.2 

14.5 

26.2 
52.4 
14.2 
466.2 
31.2 

1,232.1 

673.0 

7.2 

30.0 

218.3 
815.4 
119.7 
503.6 

94.8 
193.8 

40.5 
182.2 


88, 243 

1,213,398 

413,249 

88,548 
1,428,108 

2,093,890 
1,310,283 
1,289,600 
142,924 
1,062,656 

47,355 

160,282 

6,003,174 

1,617,949 

190,983 
258,657 
317,704 
348,600 

210,779 

357, 232 

1,693,330 

62, 555 


29,981 

16,624 

1,092 

4,223 

1,682 

5,625 
10,0% 

2,036 
11,206 

6,431 

5,156 

15,044 

6,044 

1,516 

8,174 
64,456 

4,971 
19,854 

3,456 

11,181 

9,930 

1,844 


3,397.5 




137.0 




26.4 




476.9 




U.8 


Michigan 


26.9 




77.1 




15.8 




784.1 




60.5 




1,088.8 




938.6 




10.1 




9.4 




428.0 




2,491.9 




156.5 


South. Dakota . . 


569.5 


Utah 


164.0 




313.0 




58.6 


AVyoming 


294.8 


Total for 22 states 


32,863,839 
59, 108, 427 


256,054 
9,629 


77.9 
1.6 


25,094,643 
50,899,932 


230,667 
6,529 


91.9 
1.3 


20,399,499 
42,548,215 


240,622 
7,631 


118.0 




1.8 







1 If 591 Indians in Haskell Institute are excluded, the number per 10,000 of the total population is 11. Similar exclusions for 1900 and 1890 can not be made. 

2 Includes population of Indian Territory for 1900 and 1890. 



NUMBER OF INDIANS PEB 10,000 OF TOTAL POPULATION: 1910. 




NUMBER OF INDIANS PER 10,000 OF TOTAL POPULATION: 1890. 



Under 10 per 10,000 population. JZ3 100 to 500 per 10,000 population. 
10 to 50 per 10,000 population. Illll 600 to 1,000 per 10,000 population. 
50 to 100 per 10,000 population. IW 1,000 and over per 10,000 population. 
I i Less than 100 Indians in state. 




Under 10 per 10,000 population. ^3 100 to 500 per 10,000 population. 
10 to SO per 10,000 population. |||1J 500 to 1,000 per 10,000 population. 

50 to 100 per 10,000 population. M l,000andoverperl0,000populatlon. 
I I Less than 100 Indians in state. 



14 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



Indians per 100 square miles. — For the United States, 
in 1910, the number of Indians per 100 square miles 
was 8.9. In Table 7 the number of Indians per 100 
square miles in 1910 is shown for the 22 selected 
states, arranged in their order of density. 



NUMBER OF INDIANS PER 100 SQUARE MILES (LAND AREA): 1910. 



Table 7 


Land area 

in square 

miles. 


INDIAN 
TION: 


POPULA- 

1910. 


STATE. 


Total. 


Per 100 
square 
miles. 


Unitpd Slates 


2,973,890 


265,683 


a9 








69,414 

113,810 
70,868 
55,256 

122,503 
66,836 
48,740 
57,480 
47,654 
80,858 

155,652 
70,183 

146,201 
95,607 

109,821 
76,808 
83,354 
82,184 
46,362 
81,774 
97,594 

103,658 


74,825 

29,201 

19, 137 

10,142 

20,573 

10,997 

7, Sol 

7,519 

6,046 

9,053 

16.371 

6,480 

10,745 

5,090 

6,240 

3.. 502 

3,4S8 

3,123 

1,2,13 

11,853 

1,4S6 

1,482 


107.8 




25.7 




24 9 




18.4 




16.8 




16.5 




16.1 




13.1 




12.7 




11.2 




10.5 




9.2 




7,3 




5.3 




48 


Nebraska 


4 6 
42 


XJtati 


3.8 




2.7 




2.3 




1.5 




1.4 






Total for 22 states 


1,888,617 
1,085,273 


255,4(i3 
10,220 


13.5 




0.9 







1 Exclusive of 591 Indians in Hasliell Institute, who are included in the tota 
for "All other states." 

As shown by this table, Oklahoma, with 107.8 
Indians per 100 square miles, comes first, and is fol- 
lowed by Arizona and South Dakota, each of which 
had in 1910 between 20 and 30 Indians per 100 square 
miles. Wisconsin, New Mexico, Washington, and 
North Carolina come next, with between 15 and 20, 
and Michigan, New York, Minnesota, and California 
follow, with between 10 and 15 per 100 square miles. 
Three states — North Dakota, Montana, and Oregon — 
had from 5 to 10 Indians per 100 square miles, while 
each of the other selected states showed fewer than 
5 Indians per 100 square miles in 1910. These pro- 
portions are shown graphically by the accompanying 
map. 




Under 5 per 100 sq. miles. ^gj 15 to 20 per 100 sq. miles. 

5 to 10 per 100 sq. miles. IHU 20 to 30 per 100 sq. miles. 

KflS 10 to 15 per 100 sq. miles. HB 30 and over per 100 sq. miles. 

I I Less than 100 Indians In state. 

Indians hy stock and tribe. — The number of Indians 
reported on the special schedules (see Table 3, p. 11) 
at the census of 1910 for each tribe in the United 
States and Alaska is given in Table 8 (p. 15). The 
cUstribution of tribes by states is given in Table 9 
(p. 17), and the Indian population of the different 
states, by tribes, in Table 10 (p. 22). 

The number of Indian tribes reported for the United 
States in 1910 was 280, comprising 52 hnguistic stocks. 
Of these tribes, 77 had more than 500 members each, 
wliile 42 were represented by 10 members or less; of 
the latter, 1 were represented by J member each. The 
most important tribes numerically were the Cherokee, 
with 31,489 members; the Navajo, with 22,455; the 
Chippewa, with -20,214; the Choctaw, with 15,917; and 
the Teton Sioux, with 14,284. These 5 tribes comprise 
all those represented by over 10,000 members; 39 other 
tribes had over 1,000 members each. 

In Alaska 66 Indian tribes, forming 6 linguistic 
stocks, were reported. The principal ones, aside from 
the Southern Eskimo group, were the Kuskwogmiut, 
with 1,480 members, and the Aleut, with 1,451; 11 
other tribes were represented by more than 500 
members each. 



POPULATION. 



15 



NUMBER OF INDIANS REPORTED ON SPECIAL INDIAN SCHEDULE, CLASSIFIED BY LINGUISTIC STOCKS AND 

TRIBES: 1910. 



Table S 

LINOmSTIC STOCK AND TRIBE. 



Number. 



UNOUISTIC STOCK AND TRIBE. 



Number. 



UNQUISTIC STOCK AND TRIBE. 



Number. 



LINGUISTIC STOCK AND TRIBE. 



Number. 



UNITED STATES. 



Total. 



ALOONQUIAN STOCK . 



Abnaki 

Arapaho 

Blackfcet (syn. Siksika).. 

lirotherton 

Cheyenne 

Chickahominv 

Chippewa tsv'n.Ojibway). 

Cree 

Delaware 

Gros Ventres (syn. At- 

sina) 

Kickapoo 

Malecite 

Mash])ee 

Mattapnny 

Menominee 

Miami 

Micmac 

Mohegan 

Montauk 

Munsee 

Narraf anset 

Nianlic 



Ottawa 

Pamunkey 

Passamaquoddy . 

Penobscot 

Peoria 

Pequot 

Piankashaw 

Piegan 

Poosepatuck 

Potawatomi 

Powhatan 

Sauk and Fox 

Shawnee 

Shinnecock 

Stockbridges 

Wampanoag 

Wea 

Not reported 



ATHAPASKAN STOCK . 



Ahtena 

Apache 

Cnastacosta 

Chetco 

Cow Creek 

Ilupa 

Jicarilla Apache 

Kai-Pomo (syn. Kato, 
Cahto) 

Kiowa .\pach6 

Lipan Apache 

Mattole 

Mescalero Apache 

Navajo (svn. Navaho) — 

Redwood'Csyn. WhiUait) 

Rogue River (svn. Tutu- 
tni) ; 

Saiaz 

Tenankutchin 

Tlatskanai 

Tolowa (svn. Crescent 
City, Smith River In- 
dians) 

Umpqua 

Upper Coquille 

%Vailaki 

Not reported 



Caddo AN stock. 



Arikara . . . 

Caddo 

Kichai 

Pa\vnee . . . 
Tawakoni. 

Waco 

Wichita... 



Chimakuan stock., 



Chlmakum., 

Hoh 

Qulleute 



Chimaeikan stock. 



Chimariko . 



247,137 



37 

1,419 

99 

172 

3,055 

115 

20,214 

459 

914 

610 

348 

142 

206 

1 

1,422 

226 

45 

22 

29 

71 

16 

1 

2,717 

83 

386 

266 

• 128 

66 

2 

2,268 

1 

2,440 

131 

724 

1,338 

167 

533 

162 

4 

36 

30,406 



2 

14,973 

7 

9 

9 

639 

694 

61 
139 

28 

34 

424 

22,455 

76 

383 
6 
1 
3 



121 

109 

16 

227 

1 

1,863 



444 

452 
10 

633 
1 
6 

318 

306 



3 

44 
259 



31 



CUINOOKAN stock. 



Chinook... 
Clackamas 

Clatsop 

Wasco 

Wishram 
water) . . , 



(syn. Tum- 



Chitdiachan stock. 
Chitimacha 



CHtJMASHAN STOCK. 



San Luis Obispo. 
Santa Barbareno. 
Santa Ynez 



COSTANOAN STOCK. 



Santa Cruz. 



CROATAN GROUP., 



ESKDIAUAN STOCK . 



Aleut 

Malemiut 

Not reported. 



Haidan STOCK (syn. Skitta- 
getan) 



Haida., 



IROQUOUN STOCK., 



Caj-uga 

Cherokee 

Mohawk 

Oneida , 

Onondaga 

St. Regis 

Seneca 

Tuscarora 

Wyandot (syn. Htu'on). 
Not reported 



K.U,APOOIAN STOCK. 



Kalapooia 

Lakmiut 

Mary's River (syn. Che- 

penafa) 

Santiam 

Wapato (syn. Atfalati) . . 

Yamel 

Yonkalla 



Karok STOCK (syn. Quora- 
tean) 



Orleans (syn. Karok) 



Kebesan stock. 



Acoma 

Cochiti 

Laguna 

San Felipe 

Santa -\na 

Santo Domingo. 
Sia 



KlOWAN STOCK. 



KUSAN STOCK., 



Kusa (syn. Coos Bay In- 
dians) 



KUTENAIAN STOCK., 



Kutenai (Kutenay, 
Kootenai) 



897 



315 
40 
26 

242 

274 



38 



56 



39,679 



81 

31,489 

36S 

2,436 

365 

1,219 

2,907 

400 

353 

61 

106 



775 



775 



691 
237 
1,472 
490 
211 
817 
109 

1,126 



1,126 



93 



538 



538 



LUTUAMIAN STOCK. 



Klamath., 
Modoc 



Maidu STOCK (syn. Pujunan), 
Maldu (syn. Nishinam)., 

Mjwok stock (syn. Moquel- 
umnan) 



Marin 

Middle Town. 
Miwok 



MUSKHOGEAN STOCK. 



Alibamu... 
Chickasaw. 
Choctaw. .. 

Creek 

Koasati 

Seminole. . . 



PmAN STOCK. 



Mayo . . . 
Opata... 
Papago. 
Pima... 
Yaqui... 



PoMO STOCK (syn. Kulana- 
pan) 



Clear Lake 

Gynomehro (syn. Galli- 

nomero) 

Little Lake 

Lower Lake 

Pomo 



Salinan stock.. 
San Antonio . 



Saushan stock. 



Hump- 
George- 



Bellacoola 

Chehalis (syn. 

tulip, Satsop, 

town) 

Clallam 

Coeur d'Alene 

Columbia (syn.Sinkiuse), 
C^olville (syn. Senijextee), 

Comox 

Cowichan 

Cowlitz 

Dwamish 

Flathead (syn. Salish) — 
Kalispel (syn. Pend 

d'Oreilles) 

Lummi 

Methow 

Muckleshoot 

Nespelim 

Nisqualii 

Nooks ak 

Okinagan 

Pisquow 

Puyallup 

Quinaielt 

Sanpoil 

Shuswap 

Skagit 

Skokomish 

Snohomish 

Snoqualmu 

Songish 

Spofcan 

Squaxon 

Suquamish 

Swmomish 

Tillamook 

Twana 

Not reported 



Shahaptian stock. 



Klikitat 

Nez Perces. 
Paloos 



978 



696 
282 



22 

7 

670 

29,191 



298 

4,204 

15,917 

6,946 

98 

1,729 

8,607 



3,79S 

4,236 

628 



1,193 



193 

33 
94 
96 

777 



282 

398 

293 

385 

786 

1 

62 

■106 

20 



564 
353 

14 
194 

46 
137 

86 
272 

52 

303 

288 

240 

9 

66 
195 
664 

93 

23 
643 

44 
307 
333 

25 

61 

13 

4,391 



405 

1,259 

82 



Shahaptian stock— Contd. 

Topinish 

Umatilla 

Wallawalla 

Warm Springs (syn. John 
Day, Teniuo, Tyigh, 
Dcs Chutes) 

Yakima 

Not reported 



Shastan stock. 



Hat Creek.. 
Pit River.. 
Shasta 



Shoshonean stock. 



Bannock 

Chemehuevi 

Comanche 

Gabrieleno (syn. San Ga- 
briel) 

Hopi (syn. Moqui, Koso). 

Juaneno (sjti. San Juan 
Capistrano) 

Kawaiisu 

Kawia {sjm. Cahuilla) 

Kern River 

Mono 

Pahvant 

Paiute 

Panamint 

Paviotso (syn. Snake) — 

San Luiseno (syn. Luise- 
no) 

Serrano 

Shoshoni 

Tehachapi 

Ute 



SiouAN stock. 



Assiniboin 

Catawba 

Crow (syn. Absaraka) 

llidatsa (sj-n. Gros Ven- 
tres, Minitari) 

Iowa 

Kansa 

Mandan 

Missouri 

Omaha 

Osage 

Oto 

Ponca 

Quapaw 

Santee Sioux (syn. Wab- 
pekute Sioux. Mdewa- 
kanton Sioux) 

Sioux 

Sisseton Sioux (syn. Sis- 
seton-Wahpeton Sioux, 
Wahpofon Sioux) 

Teton Sioux 

Wiimebago 

Yankton Sioux 

Yanktonai Sioux (syn. 
Pabaksa Sioux) 



Takelman stock. 



Takelma. 



Tang AN stock. 



Isleta 

Jemez 

Nambe 

Pecos 

Picuris 

Pojoaque 

San Ildefonso. 

San Juan 

Sandia 

Santa Clara... 

Taos 

Tesuque 

Not reported.. 



TARA.SCAN STOCK. 



> Includes Chiricahua Apache, Coyotero Apache, San Carlos Apache, Tonto Apache, and White Mountain Apache, 



47 
272 
397 



5,50 

1,.362 

17 



1,678 



240 
985 
353 



413 

356 

1,171 

11 
2,009 

16 

23 

755 

105 

1,448 

37 

780 

10 

3,038 

467 

118 

3,840 

2 

2 2,244 



32,941 



1,253 

124 

1,799 



647 
244 
238 
209 
13 
,105 
,373 
332 
875 
231 



,539 
996 



2,514 

> 14,284 

1,820 

2,088 

1,357 



2 includes Capote Ut"e,"(5randRiver Ute. Moache Ute." Southern Ute, Uinta Ute Uncompahgre Ute, Wh^^^ 

3 Includes Brule Sioux, 806; Hunkpapa Sioux. 1,072; Minniconjou Sioux, 397; Oglala Sioux (syn. Loafer Sioux), 6,045; Sans Arc Sioux, 222, Sihasapa (syn. 
Sioux), 485; Two Kettle Sioux, 293; and other Teton Sioux, 4,964. 



956 

499 

88 

10 

104 

16 

123 

387 

73 

277 

517 

77 

13 



Blaokfoot 



16 INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 

NTTMRER OF INDIANS REPORTED ON SPECIAL INDIAN SCHEDULE, CLASSIFIED BY LINGUISTIC STOCKS AND 
"^"^ " TBIBES: 1910— Continued. 



Table 8— Continued. 

LINGmSTlC STOCK AND TEIBE. 



Number. 



TUNGIT STOCK (syn. Kolus- 
chan) 



Auk 

CMlkat 

Kake 

Not reported. 



Tonkawan stock. 
Tonkawa 



TSIMSniAN STOCK 

Tsimshian 

TtJNlCAN STOCK 

Tunica 

Wahlatpuak stock. 



Cayuse. . 
Molala. . 



Wakashan stock. 



Kitamat. . 
Kwakiutl. 



Total. 



Algonquian stock. 
Delaware 



Athapaskan stock. . 

Ahtena 

Hankutchin 

Kaiyuhkhotana. . . 

Knaiakhotana 

Kutchin 

Nahane 

Natsitkutchin 

Tenankutehin 

Tukkuthkutfhin. 

Unakhotana 

Vuntakutchin... 
Not reported 



ESKIMA0AN STOCK. 



Aleut 

Chnagmiut. 
Ikogmiut . . 



LINGXnSTIC STOCK AND TEIBE. 



Number. 



LINGUISTIC STOCK AND TRIBE. 



Number. 



LINGUISTIC STOCK AND TEIBE. 



Number. 



TJNTTBI> STATES— Continued. 



32 



2 
4 
3 
23 

42 
42 

51 
51 

43 
43 
329 



298 
31 



388 



Wakashan stock— Contd. 

Makah 

Nootka 

Not reported 



WA3H0AN STOCK. 

Washo 



WiNTUN STOCK (syn. Cope- 
han) 



Nomelaki 

Patwin 

Wintun (syn. Trinity 
Indians) 



WiYAT STOCK (syn. Wishos- 
kan) 



Humboldt Bay. 



YAKONAN STOCK. 



Alsea. . .. 
Siuslaw.. 
Yaquina. 



25,331 



3,916 



297 
127 
160 
697 
359 

8 
177 
415 

6 
193 

5 
1,472 

14, 087 



1,451 
326 

782 



ESKIMAUAN STOCK— Contd. 

Imaklimiat 

Iprackmiut 

Kaialigmiut 

Kakuakamiut 

Kangmaligmiut 

Kaviagraiut 

Kekchabukmiut 

Klnugumiut 

Kopagmiut 

Kowagmiut 

Kukpaurungmiut 

Kunmiut 

Kusetrinmiut 

Kuskovakmiut 

Kuskowik 

Kuskwogmlut 

Magemiut 

Malemiut 

Naparktoo 

Neechuktamiut 

Nunatogmiut 

Nunivagmiut 

Nunochogmiut 

Nushagagmlut 



360 
15 
11 



819 
819 



125 
186 



152 
152 



YaNAN STOCK 

Yana (syn. Nozi) . 



YoKUTS STOCK (syn. Maripo- 
san) 



Choinimni 

(Thookiminah . 
(Thukebansi... 

K^owoo 

Tachl 

Wccbikhlt.... 
Wikchamni... 

Yokuts 

Yowdanchl. . . 



YUCHEAN STOCK. 

Yuchi 



YUKIAN STOCK. 



Coast Yuki 

Redwood (syn. 

nom) 

Wappo 

Yuki. 



Hucb- 



AliASKA. 



2 

4 

192 

22 

1 

238 

32 

594 

9 

561 

6 

77 

133 

370 

37 

1,480 

376 

563 

9 

25 

285 

301 

158 

31 



ESKIMAUAN STOCK— Contd. 

Nuwukmiut 

Pitukmiut 

Polazramlut 

Selawigmiut 

SIdarumiut 

Tikeramiut 

Togiagmiut 

Ukivokmiut 

Unaligmiut 

Utkiav inmiut 

Utukamiut (syn. Otoo- 
kogmiut) 

Yuit 

Southern Eskimo (in- 
cluding Aglemiut, Chu- 
gachigmiut, Kaniagmi- 
ut, and Ugalakmiut). . . 

Not reported 



Haidan STOCK (syn. Skitta- 
getan) 



Haida., 



533 



18 

4 

144 

4 

27 

6 

25 

302 

3 

78 
78 

198 

15 

15 
73 
95 



Yum AN STOCK. 



Cocopa 

Diegueno 

Havasupai 

Maricopa 

Mohave (Mojave) 

Walapai (svn. Hualapai). 
Yavapai (Mohave- 
Apache) 

Yuma 

Yuma .\pache 

Not reported 



YuKOK STOCK (syn. Weitspe- 
kan) 



Weitspec (syn. Yurok). 



ZAPOTECAN STOCK. 



ZUNIAN STOCK. 

Zuni 



Stock or tribe not reported. 



81 
4 

14 

258 

5 

320 

93 
140 
441 
123 

127 
292 



3,650 
474 



Tlingit stock (syn. Kolus- 
chan) 

Auk 

Chilkat 

Henya 

Huna 

Hutsnuwu 

Kake 

Kuyu 

Sitka 

Stikine 

Taku 

Tongas 

Yakutat 

Not reported 

TsiMsmAN stock 

Tsimshian 



Stock or tribe not reported. 



4,279 



245 

756 
174 
386 
1,058 
501 

289 

834 

24 

12 



668 
668 

1 

1,667 



1,697 
1,644 



4,426 



267 
690 
214 
625 
536 
322 
29 
608 
189 
142 
184 
307 
313 



729 



1,640 



POPULATION. 



17 



INDIAN TRIBES, BY STATES: 11)10. 
(The stock to which the tribe belongs is given in parenthesis in each case.] 



Table 9 

TRIBE AND STATE. 



Number. 



Abkaki (Algonquian). 



New York 

Maine 

Pennsylvania. 
Wisconsin 



ACOUA (Keresan). 
New Mexico... 



691 



691 



Ahten'a (Atbapaskan). 
Oregon 



Aleut (Eskimauan). 
Oregon 



Alibamo (Uuskhogean). 



Texas 

Louisiana. 



Alsea (Yakonan). 



Oregon 

South Dakota. 
Washington... 



Apache ( Athapaskan) . 



40 
40 

298 



187 
111 



Arizona 

Oklahoma 

New Mexico 

Kansas 

California 

Nevada 

Permsylvania - . 

Oregon 

Colorado 

Missouri 

South Dakota. 
Wyoming 



Ae.U'aho (Algonquian) . 



Wyoming 

Oklahoma 

Montana 

Kansas 

Permsylvania.. 
South'Dakota. 
California 



AeiE-UJA (Caddoan) . 



North Dakota. 

New York . 

Montana 

Pennsylvania. . 
South "Dakota.. 

Kansas 

Nebraska 

Oklahoma 



AssDOBOiN (Siouan). 



Montana 

North Dakota.. 

Kansas 

Oregon 

South Dakota. . 
Pennsylvania.. 



AtJK (Tlingit). 
Oregon 



Bannock (Shoshonean). 



Idaho 

Montana 

AVyoming 

Pennsylvania. 

California 

South Dakota. 

Oregon 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

Utah 



27 
1 
1 

14,973 



4,652 
271 
25 
9 
4 
3 
3 
2 
1 
1 
1 
1 

1,419 



703 
685 
18 
6 
3 
3 
1 



425 
6 
4 
3 
3 
1 
1 
1 

1,253 



363 
23 
9 
5 
4 
4 
2 

1 
1 
1 



TRIBE AND STATF. 



Bellacoola (Salisban). 
Washington 



Blackteet (.\lgonquian). 



North Dakota.. 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

California 

Massachusetts. 
South Dakota.. 



Beotherton (Algonquian). 



Wisconsin.. 
Minnesota. . 
New York.. 

Idaho 

Michigan... 



Caddo (Caddoan). 



Oklahoma 

Pennsylvania . . 

Kansas 

South Dakota. 



Catawba (Siouan). 

South Carolina. 

Colorado.. 

North Carolina.. 

Virginia 

Permsylvania.. 



Cayuga (Iroquoian) . 



New York 

Oklahoma 

Pennsylvania. 
Kansas 



Catuse (Waiilatpuan). 



Oregon 

Washington... 
South Dakota. 

Idaho 

Montana 

Pennsylvania. 

California 

Kansas 



Chastacosta (Athapaskan). 
Oregon 



Chehalis (Salishan). 



Washington. 
Oregon 



Chemehuevi (Shoshonean) . . 



California . 
Nevada . . . 
Arizona... 
Wyoming. 



Cherokee (Iroquoian). 



Oklahoma 

North Carolina. 
South Carolina. 

Kansas 

Permsylvania.. 

Tennessee 

California 

North Dakota.. 

Oregon 

Virginia 

Ohio 

Wisconsin 

Missouri 

Colorado 

Montana 

Alabama 

Idaho.. 



Number. 



172 



162 
3 
3 
2 
2 



452 

436 



124 



298 



277 
6 
5 
4 
2 
2 
1 
1 



282 



260 

60 

28 

7 

31,489 



i,406 
87 
71 
50 
45 
34 
34 
19 
19 
15 
14 
13 
12 
12 
9 



279 
3 



tribe and state. 



Cherokee (Iroquoian) — Con. 

Wasliington 

South Dakota 

New York 

Arizona 

Michigan 

Miimesota 

Louisiana 

New Mexico 



Chetco (Athapaskan). 



Oregon 

California 

Pennsylvania. 



Cheyenne (Algonquian) 



Oklahoma 

Montana 

South Dakota.. 
Permsylvania.. 

Colorado 

Kansas 

Nebraska 

Wyoming 

Missouri 

North Dakota. 



CmcKAnoMiNY (Algonquian) 
Virginia 



CmcKASAW (Muskhogean) . 



Oklahoma 

Kansas 

Oregon 

Teimessee 

Arizona 

Soutb Dakota.. 



Chilk.it (Tlingit). 
Oregon 



CmMAKtjiI (Chimakuan). 
Washington 



Chdiabiko (Chimarikan) . 
California 



Chinook (Chinookan). 



Washington. 

Oregon 

Montana 

Oklahoma... 



Chippewa (Algonquian) . 



Minnesota 

Wisconsin 

Michigan 

North Dakota 

Montana 

Permsylvania 

Kansas 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

California 

Washington 

District of Columbia.. 

New York 

Ohio 

North Carolina 

Arizona 

Maine 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Utah 



Chitimacha (Chitimachan) . 



Number. 



3,055 



1.522 

1.346 

133 

33 

6 

5 

4 

3 

2 

1 



115 



4,204 



4,191 
4 
4 
3 
1 
1 



3 
3 

31 
31 

315 



177 

125 

12 

1 



20,214 



8,234 

4,299 

3,725 

2,966 

486 

134 

92 

73 

64 

64 

48 

6 

6 

4 

3 

3 

2 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 



09 



tribe and state. 



Number. 



Choctaw (Muskhogean) . 



Oklahoma 

Mississippi 

Louisiana 

Alabama 

Kansas 

South Dakota. 

Virginia 

Tennessee 

Oregon 



CHOiNiirai (Yokuts) . 
California 



Chookiminah (Yokuts) . 
California 



Chukchansi (Yokuts) . 



California,. 
Arizona . . i . 



Clackamas (Chinookan). 



Oregon 

Washington.. 



Clallaii (Salishan). 



Washington 

Oregon 

Peims.vlvania. . 

New York 

South Dakota. 



Clatsop (Chinookan) . 



Washington... 

Oregon 

Oklahoma 

South Dakota.. 



1 Includes Chiricahua Apache (Oklahoma, 237; Arizona, 24); Coyotero Apache 
(Arizona, 6.^5); and White Mountain Apache (-\rizona, 52; Nevada, 3; Oklahoma, 2). 

67090°— 15 2 



Louisiana 

Pennsylvania 

(Arizona, 490); San Carlos Apache (Arizona, 1 



Clear L.iKE (Pomo). 
California 



Coast YtJKi ( Yukian) . 
California 



CocHiTi (Keresan). 
New Mexico 



CocoPA (Yuman) . 



Arizona... 
California. 



CoEUR d'Alene (Salishan). 



Idaho 

Oregon 

Washington... 
Pennsylvania. 



CoLUMBLi (Salishan).. 



• Washington.. 
Oregon 



CoLvn-LE (Salishan). 



Washington... 

Oregon 

Idaho 

Montana 

Peimsvlvania. 



Comanche (Shoshonean).. 



Oklahoma 

Kansas 

Pennsylvania. 



1,160 
7 
4 

Oklahoma, 2); Tonto Apache 



15,917 



14,551 

1,162 

115 

57 

11 



18 

IS 

4 

4 



142 

2 



39 
1 



398 



383 

11 

2 

1 

1 



18 
4 
3 
1 



193 



193 



237 
245 



229 
16 



293 



284 
4 
4 
1 

385 



333 
52 



785 



17 
17 
9 



1,171 



18 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



INDIAN TRIBES, BY STATES: 1910— Continued. 
[The stock to wliich the tribe belongs is given in parenthesis in each case.] 



Table 9 — Continued. 

TRreE AND STATE. 



COMOX (Salishan). 
Washington... 



Cow Creek (Athapaskan).. 
Oregon 



CowiCHAN (Salishan). 
Washington 



CowuTZ (Salishan)., 
Washington 



Ceee (Algonquian). 



Montana 

Washington 

Michigan , 

Oregon 

North Dakota.. 
Idaho 



Minnesota.. 



Creek (Muskhogean) . 



Oklahoma 

Alabama 

Montana 

Kansas 

South Dakota. . 
North Carolina. 

Mississippi 

California 

Colorado 

Minnesota 

Missouri 

Tennessee 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

North Dakota.. 

Ohio 

Oregon 

Texas 



Cboatan okoup — 
North Carolina. 

CEOW(Siouan) 



Montana 

South Dakota 

Kansas 

California 

North Dakota 

Pennsylvania 

Oregon 

Oklahoma 

District of Columbia . 
Miimesota 



Number. 



105 
105 



459 



309 

91 

28 

22 

5 

2 

1 

1 



6,945 



6,654 

185 

34 

33 

9 

7 

6 

3 

2 

2 

2 

2 



5,865 



5,865 



1,799 



1,6 



Delaware (Algonquian) — 


914 


Oklahoma 


874 
14 




Pennsylvania 


7 




4 




4 




3 




2 


New York 


2 




2 


Montana 


1 




1 


DiEGtJENO (Yuman) 


756 






California 


756 




20 








19 




1 


Flathead (Salishan) 


486 


Montana 


400 




46 


Oregon 


27 



TRIBE AND STATE. 



Number. 



Flathead (Salishan)— Con. 

Idaho 

Nebraska 

Kansas 



Gabrieleno (Shoshonean).. 
California 



Gros Ventres (.VIgonquian) 



Montana 

North Dakota.. 
South Dakota.. 

Kansas 

Wyoming 



Gynomehro (Pomo).. 
California 



Haida (Haidan). 



Oregon 

Washington., 



Hat Creek (Shastan) . 
California 



Havasupai (Yuman) . 
Arizooa 



HiDATSA (Siouan) . 

North Dakota.. 
Pennsylvania. . 

Montana 

Wyoming 

Kansas 

South Dakota. . 



Hon (Chimakuan) . 
Washington 



Hopi (Shoshonean)., 



Arizona 

California 

Pennsylvania. 
New Mexico... 

Kansas 

South Dakota. 



Humboldt Bat (Wiyat). 
California 



HuPA (.\thapaskan). 



510 



603 
3 
2 
1 
1 



33 



33 



240 
240 



547 



520 
lO 



2,009 



1,941 
42 
13 
9 
2 
2 

152 



639 



California 


617 
11 




6 




5 


Iowa (Siouan) 


244 






Kansas . 


124 




79 


Nebraska 


38 




1 




1 




1 


ISLETA (Tanoan) 


956 








910 


Texas 


34 


Arizona 


8 


California 


3 




1 


Jemez (Tanoan) 


499 








499 


JiCARTLLA APACHE (Athapas- 
kan) 


694 






New Mexico 


694 



TRIBE AND STATE. 



JUANENO (Shoshonean). 
California 



Kai-Pomo (Athapaskan).. 
California 



Kake (Tlingit). 
Oregon 



Kalapooia (Kalapooian). 
Oregon 



Kalispel (Salishan). 



Montana 

Washington.. 

Idaho 

Oregon 

Kansas 

Nebraska 



KANS4 (Siouan).. 



Oklahoma. . 
Kansas 



Kashowoo ( Yokuts) . 
California 



Number. 



Kawadsu (Shoshonean). 



386 
157 
15 
3 
2 
1 



238 



232 



23 





23 


Kawia (Shosho^gan) 


755 




754 




1 


Kern River (Shoshonean).. 


105 




105 




10 








10 


KiCKAPOO (Algonquian) 


348 




211 




135 




1 




1 




1.126 








1.107 




17 




1 




1 


Kiowa Apache (Athapas- 
kan) 


139 








139 


KiTAMAT (Wakashan) 


1 




1 


Klamath (Luluamian) 


696 




646 




23 




16 




4 




4 




2 




1 


Klikitat (Shahaptian) 


405 




370 




35 


KOASATi (Muskhogean) 


98 




85 


Texas 


11 


Nebraska 


2 



tribe and state. 



KnsA (Kusan). 
Oregon 



Number. 



KuTENAi ( Kutenaian) . 



Montana 

Idaho 

South Dakota. 

Oregon 

Nebra.ska 

Washington... 



KWAKTOTL (Wakashan). 
Washington 



Laguna (Keresan)., 



New Mexico... 

California 

Oklahoma 

South Dakota. 

Minnesota 

Washington... 



Lakmidt (Kalapooian). 
Oregon 



Lipan Apache (.Vthapaskan) 



New Mexico... 

Oklahoma 

Pennsylvania. 



Little Lake (Pomo). 



California 

Kansas 

Pennsylvania. 
Arizona 



Lower Lake (Pomo). 
California 



LuMMi (Salishan). 



Washington... 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania. 



Maidu (Maidu). 



California. 
Ne\'ada . . . 
Oregon 



Makah (Wakashan). 



Wa'^hington., 
Oregon 



Malecite (Algonquian)., 



Maine , 

Mas.sachusett5. , 
Nebraska 



Maiemiut {E.skimauan). 

Oregon 

Mandan (Siouan) 



North Daktoa 

Montana 

South Dakota 

District of Columbia. 

Maricopa (Yuman) 



.Arizona... 
California. 



Marin (Miwok). 
California.. . 



Mary's River (Kalapooian) 
Oregon 



93 



424 
107 
3 
2 
1 
1 



1,472 

1.441 
19 
4 
4 
3 
1 



20 
7 
1 



84 



35? 



348 
3 
2 

1. 100 

1.098 
1 
1 



354 
6 



138 
3 
1 



197 
5 
5 
2 

386 



382 
4 



24 
24 



POPULATION. 



19 



INDIAN TRIBES, BY STATES: 1910— Continued. 
[The stock to which the tribe belongs is given in parenlhcsis in each case.] 



Table 9 — Continued. 

TRIBE .\ND STATE. 



Mashpee (.\lgonquian) 

Massachusetts 

Pennsylvania 

Mattapony (Algonquian) — 
Virginia 

Uattole ( .\thapaskan) 

California 

MATO(Piman) 

Arizona 

Menominee (Algonquian) . . . 

Wisconsin 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Pennsylvania 

Oklahoma 

Kansas 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 

Oregon 

Mescalero Apache (Atha- 
paskan) 

New Mexico 

Kansas 

Oklahoma 

Methow (Salishan) 

Washington 

Miami (Algonquian) 

Oklahoma 

Indiana 

Kansas 

Michigan 

California 

Missouri 

Pennsylvania 

MiCM AC (Algonquian) 

Maine 

Massachusetts 

Minnesota 

Middle Town (Miwok) 

California 

Missouri (Siouan) 

Oklahoma 

Washington 

MrwoK (Miwok) 

California 

Nevada 

Modoc (Lutuamian) 

Oregon 

Oklahoma 

California 

Missouri 

Arizona 

Pennsylvania 

Idaho 

Kansas 

Washington 

Mohave ( Yuman) 

Arizona 

California 

Nevada 

Pennsylvania 

Mohawk (Iroquoian) 

New York 

Ohio 

Wisconsin 



Number. 



201 
5 



1,422 



1,350 
34 
13 
9 
7 
4 
3 
1 
1 



416 
4 
4 



226 



123 
90 
8 
2 
1 
1 
1 



13 



670 



669 
1 



282 



212 

33 

20 

10 

2 

2 

1 

1 

1 

1,058 



667 

389 

1 

1 



320 

12 1 
12 



TRIBE AND STATE. 



Mohawk (Iroquoian) — Con. 

Oklahoma 

Michigan 

Pennsylvania 

Florida 

Idaho 

Maine 

Mohegan (.Ugonquian) 

Connecticut 

MoLALA ( Waiilatpuan) 

Oregon 

Washington 

Kansas 

Mono (Shoshonean) 

California 

Nevada 

MoNTAUK (Algonquian) 

Wisconsin 

New York 

Oklahoma 

Muckleshoot (Salishan)... 

Washington 

Oregon 

MUNSEE (Algonquian) 

Kansas 

Oklahoma 

New York 

Pennsylvania 

North Dakota 

Oregon 

Nambe (Tanoan) 

New Mexico 

Narraqanset (Algonquian) 

Wisconsin 

Connecticut 

Massachusetts 

Pennsylvania 

Navajo (.\thapaskan) 

Arizona 

New Me.xico 

Utah 

California 

Pennsylvania 

Colorado 

Kansas 

Oklahoma 

South Dakota 

Wyoming 

Nespeum (Salishan) 

Washington 

Nez Perces (Shahaptian) . . 

Idaho 

Washington 

Oregon 

Montana 

Pennsylvania 

Kansas 

South Dakota 

Niantic (.\lgonquian) 

Connecticut 

NisQUALLi (Salishan) 

Washington 

Oregon 

NoMELAKi ( Wintun) 

California 

Pennsylvania 



Number. 



1,448 



1,388 
60 



29 



71 



5 
2 
1 

22,455 



11,001 

10,354 

1.039 

20 

13 



1,259 



1,035 
79 
58 
54 
31 
1 
1 



129 
8 



125 



122 
3 



TRIBE AND STATE. 



NooKSAK (Salishan) 

Washington 

NooTKA (Waka-shan). . . 
Washington 

Okinagan (Salishan) . . . 

Washington 

Oregon 

Montana 

Peimsylvania 

Idaho 

Omaha (Siouan) 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

Pennsylvania 

Oklahoma 

California 

North Dakota 

Oneida (Iroquoian) 

Wisconsin 

New York 

Pennsylvania 

Kansas 

Oklahoma 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 

South Carolina 

Arizona 

North Dakota 

Wyoming 

Onondaga (Iroquoian) . 

New Y^ork 

Pennsylvania 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Oklahoma 

South Dakota 

Wisconsin 

Opata (Piman) 

Arizona 

Orleans (Karok) 

California , 

Osage (Siouan) 

Oklahoma 

Kansas 

Pennsylvania 

South Dakota , 

Arizona 

New Mexico 

Tennessee 

Wisconsin 

Oto (Siouan) 

Oklahoma 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

Oregon , 

Wisconsin 

Ottawa (Algonquian). 

Michigan 

Oklahoma 

Wisconsin 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

Pennsylvania 

Pahvant (Shoshonean) 
Utah 

Paiute (Shoshonean). - 

Nevada 

Utah 



Number. 



tribe and state. 



85 
85 

15 

15 

272 



256 
11 
2 
2 
1 



1,105 



1,075 
11 
11 
5 
2 
1 



2,436 



2,107 

211 

40 

26 

18 

10 

7 

7 

5 

2 

1 

1 

1 



327 
33 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 



775 
775 

1,373 



1,345 
12 
7 
4 
2 
1 
1 
1 

332 



314 
10 



2,717 



2, 454 
170 
,50 
23 
14 



247 
238 



Paiute (Shoshonean)— Con 

California 

Arizona 

Pennsylvania 

Washington 

Kansas 

South Dakota 

Montana 

Wyoming 

Paloos (Shahaptian) 

Washington 

Oregon 

P AMUNKEY (Algonquian) . . 
Virginia 

Panamint (Shoshonean) 

California 

Nevada 

Papago (Punan) 

Arizona 

California 

Kansas 

Nevada 

South Dakota 

Passamaquoddt (Algon- 
quian) 

Maine 

Nebraska 

New York 

Patwin (Wintun) 

California 

Paviotso (Shoshonean) 

Nevada 

Oregon 

Idaho 

California 

Montana 

Missouri 

Washington 

Pawnee (Caddoan) 

Oklahoma 

Arizona 

Pennsylvania 

Kansas 

South Dakota 

Montana 

Nebraska 

New York 

Pecos (Tanoan) 

New Mexico 

Pennsylvania 

Penobscot (Algonquian). . 

Maine 

New York 

New Hampshire 

Pennsylvania 

Indiana 

Nebraska 

Peorla (Algonquian) 

Oklahoma 

Missouri 

Kansas 

North Dakota 

California 

Pennsylvania 

South Dakota 

Pequot (Algonquian) 

Cormecticut 

Massachusetts 



Number. 



82 



75 

7 



83 



83 
10 



3,798 



3,785 
6 
3 
3 
1 



386 



381 
3 
2 



3,038 



2,414 

341 

152 

101 

26 

2 

2 



633 



673 

19 

18 

14 

5 

2 

1 

1 



10 

9 
1 



266 



253 
5 
3 
3 
1 
1 



128 



114 
5 
3 
3 
1 
1 
1 



66 



49 
17 



20 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



INDIAN TRIBES, BY STATES: 1910— Continued. 
[The stock to which the tribe belongs is givea in parenthesis in eac h case.] 



Table 9 — Continued. 

TEIBE AND STATE. 



PiANKASHAW (Algonquian). 
Oklahoma 



PiCTJRis(TaDoan). 
New Mexico.. 



PiEOAN (Algonquian). 



Montana 

Nebraska 

Pennsylvania. 

Arizona 

Idaho 

Oklahoma 

Wyoming 

Oregon 



PniA (Piman). 



Arizona 

California 

Kansas 

Peimsylvania. 
New Mexico. . 
Oregon 



PiSQUOw (Salishan). 
Washington 



Pit River (Shastan). 



California 

Oregon 

Nevada 

Oklahoma 

Pennsylvania. 



PojOAQUE (Tanoan). 
New Mexico 



PoMO (Pomo). 

Callfomia.. 
Arizona.... 



Number. 



PoNCA(Siouan). 



Oklahoma 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

South Dakota. 
Pennsylvania. 



PoosepatuckC Algonquian). 
New York 



PoTAWATOMi (Algonquian).. 



Oklahoma 

Kansas 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Nebraska 

South Dakota. 

Iowa 

Arizona 

Permsylvanifl. 

California 

Minnesota 

Montana 

Oregon 

Washington... 
Wyoming 



Powhatan (Algonquiau)- 
Virginla 



PUTALLUP (Salishan). 



Washington . . . 

Oregon 

Kansas 

Pennsylvania. 



104 
104 



2,208 



2 221 
21 
12 
3 
3 
3 
3 
2 



4.236 



9S5 



888 
81 



16 



777 



776 
1 



619 

193 

42 

18 

3 



2,440 



866 

819 

461 

245 

21 

10 

6 

3 

1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 



131 



303 



278 

21 

3 

1 



TRIBE AND STATE. 



QuAPAw (Siouan) . 



Oklahoma 

Kansas 

California 

Nebraska 

Pennsylvania . 
South "Dakota.. 



QuiLEUTE (Chimakuan). 
Washington 



Qdinaielt (Salishan) . 



Washington . 
Oregon 



Redwood (Huchnom) (Yu- 
kian) 



California . 



Redwood (Whilkut) (Atlia- 
paskan) 



California 

Washington . 



Rogue River (.\thapaskan) 



Oregon 

California 

Kansas 

Washington. 



Number. 



Saiaz ( Athapaskan) . 
California 



St. Regis (Iroquoian). 



New York 

Pennsylvania. 

Maine 

Oklahoma 



San Antonio (Salinau). 
California 



San Felipe (Keresan). 
New Mexico 



San Ildefonso (Tanoan).. 
New Mexico 



San Juan (Tanoan) . 



New Mexico.. 
Washington . . , 
Permsvlvania. 



San Luis Obispo (Chuma- 
shan) 



San Luiseno (Shoshonean). 
California 



Sandu (Tanoan). 
New Mexico. . 



Sanpoil (Salishan). 



Washington . . . 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania . 



Santa Ana (Keresan). 
New Mexico 



231 



221 
6 
1 
1 
1 
1 



259 



288 



287 
1 



15 



76 



368 
9 
3 
3 



1,219 



1,140 

77 

1 

1 



16 



16 



490 



490 



123 



123 



387 



384 



467 



73 

73 

240 



TP.IBE AND ST.AIE. 



Santa Barbareno (Chu- 
mashan) 



California. 



Santa Cl.\ra (Tanoan).. 
New Mexico 



Santa Cruz (Costanoan) . 
California 



Santa YNEZ(Chumashan). 
California 



Santee Sioux (Siouan) . 



Nebraska 

South Dakota. . 

Minnesota 

Montana 

North Dakota . 

Wisconsin 

Oregon 



Santiam (Kalapooian). 
Oregon 



Santo Doiiratio (Keresan). 
New Mexico 



Sauk and Fo.x (Algonquian) 



Oklahoma 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Pennsylvania . 

Nebraska 

Washington. . . 

Temies.see 

Missouri 

Ohio 

Michigan 

South Dakota. 
AVisconsin 



Seminole (Muskhogean).. 



Number. 




Oklahoma 

Texas 

Florida 

Kansas 

California 

Pennsylvania . 



Seneca (Iroquoian)., 



New York 

Oklahoma 

Pennsylvania . 

Kansas 

California 

New Mexico.. . 

Oregon 

South Dakota. 

Wisconsin 

Arizona 

Montana 



Serrano (Shoshonean) . 



California 

Pennsylvania. 
Arizona 



Shasta (Shastan). 



California 

Oregon 

Washington.. 



Shawnee (Algonquian). 



Oklahoma 

1 Kansas 

Missouri 

Pennsylvania. 

Arizona 

South Dakota. 
Montana 



277 

17 
17 



35 



1.539 



378 
232 
107 
100 
13 
1 



817 
817 

724 



347 
257 
69 
14 
13 
8 
6 
5 
2 
1 
1 
1 



1,729 



1,503 

200 

16 

8 

1 

1 



2,907 



2,485 

215 

184 

7 

6 

o 

2 
2 
2 
1 
1 



115 
2 
1 

353 



TRIBE AND STATE. 



Shinnecock (Algonquian) . 
New York 



Shoshoni (Shoshonean), 



Nevada 

Idaho 

Wvoming 

TJtoh 

California 

Pennsylvania . . 

Montana 

Arizona 

South Dakota. . 

Kansas 

Nebraska 



Shuswap (Salishan).. 
Washington 



SiA (Keresan) 

New Mexico. 



Sioux (Siouan) . 




South Dakota. . 

Minnesota 

North Dakota.. 
Pennsylvania . . 

Montana 

Nebraska 

New Jersey 

Oklahoma 

Kansas 

Wisconsin 

Missouri 

Wyoming 

Iowa 

Arizona 

California 

Ohio 

Utah 

Washington... 

Michigan 

New York 

Oregon 



Sisseton Sioux (Siouan).. 



South Dakota. . 
North Dakota.. 

Montana 

Minnesota 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

Nevada 



SIUSLAW (Yakonan) . 
Oregon 



Skagit (Salishan). 
Washington. . . 



Skokomish (Salishan) . 



Washington.. 
Oregon 



Snohomish (Salishan). 



Washington.. 
Oregon 



Snoqualmu (Salishan).. 
Washington 



SoNGisK (Salishan). 
Washington 



Spokan (Salishan). 



Washington... 

Montana 

Idaho 

On'gon 

Pennsylvania. 



Number. 



3,840 



1,.555 

1,259 

700 

248 

33 

27 

10 

4 

2 

1 

1 



109 
109 



277 

161 

99 

96 

86 

62 

62 

53 

40 

18 

11 

9 

7 

3 

3 



2,514 



1,553 

621 

255 

63 

15 

6 

1 



56 



195 



193 
2 



661 
3 



93 

23 
~~^ 

643 



379 
134 



2S 



POPULATION. 



21 



INDIAN TRIBES, BY STATES: 1910— Continued. 
|The stock to which the trlbo belongs is given in parenthesis in each case.] 



Table »— Continued. 

TRIBE AND STATE. 



Sqvaxon (Salishan) . 
Washington 



Stockbricges (Algonquian) . 



Wisconsin , 

Ne\v York 

Oklahoma 

Pennsylvania , . 

Minnesota 

South Dakota.. 

Washington 

Kansas 



SUQtJAMisn (Salishan). 



Washington.. 
Oregon 



S\nxoM!SH (Salishan). 
Washington 



Tachi (Yokuts). 
California . . . 



Takelma (Takclman). 
Washington 



Taos (Tanoan). . 
New Mexico . 



Tawakont (Caddoan).. 
Oklahoma 



Tehachapi (Shoshonean). 
California 



TENANKUTCniK(Athapaskan) 
Oregon 

Tesuque (Tanoan) 

New Mexico 



Teton Siocx (Siouan). 



South Dakota., 
North Dakota., 

Montiina 

Kansas 

Illinois 

Nebraska 

Oklahoma. 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota. . .., 

Nevada 

Pennsylvania . 



Tillamook (Salishan). 



Oregon 

Washington.. 
Kansas 



Tlatskak.u (Athapaskan). . 
Washington 



TOLOWA (Athapaskan). 



California. 
Oregon 



Tonka WA (Tonkawan). 
Oklahoma 



TopiNiSH (Shahaptian).. 
Washington 



Number. 



533 



602 
7 
7 
6 
5 
3 
2 
1 



306 

1 



333 
333 



517 
517 

1 
1 



1 14,2S4 



13. 795 

370 

66 

34 

8 

3 

3 

2 

1 

1 

1 



121 



118 
3 



TRIBE AND STATE. 



TsiMSHUN (Tsimshian) . 



Wa.shington., 
Oregon 



Tunica (Tunican). 
Louisiana 



TuscAHOHA (Iroquoian)., 



New York 

Pennsylvania . 

Illinois 

Kansas 

Michigan 



TWANA (Salishan). 



Washington., 
Wisconsin 



Umatilla (Shahaptian).. 



Oregon 

Washington... 

Idaho 

Montana 

Pennsylvania . 
South "Dakota. 



Umpqua (.\thapaskan). 



Oregon 

Washington... 

California 

Pennsylvania. 



Uppee Coqltlle (Athapas- 
kan) 



Oregon. 



Ute (Shoshonean) , 



Utah 

Colorado , 

Oklahoma 

Kansas 

Nevada 

Wyoming 

South Dakota. , 

Mississippi 

Arizona 

Montana 

New York 



Waco (Caddoan). 
Oklahoma. . .. 



Wailaki (Athapaskan). 



California 

Oregon.., 

\A'ashington. 



Walapai (Yuman).. 



Arizona 

Washington., 
California 



Walla walla (Shahaptian). 



Oregon 

Washington., 
Idaho 



Wampanoag (Algonquian).. 

Massachusetts 

Pennsylvania 



Wapato (Kalapooian). 



Washington., 
Oregon 



Wappo (Yukian). 
California 



Number. 



382 

15 

1 

1 

1 



15J 

S.l 

22 

10 

2 

1 

109 



52,244 



1,472 
725 
14 
12 
6 
6 
4 
2 

i 
1 
1 



227 

217 
8 
2 



490 
3 
2 



390 
6 
1 

162 



152 
10 



tkibe and state. 



Warm Springs (Shahaptian). 



Oregon 

Wa.shington. 

Idaho 

Montana 



Wasco (Chinookan). 



Oregon 

Washington., 

Kansas 

California 



Washo (Washoan). 



Nevada 

California 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania. 

Kansas 

Washington. . . 



Wea (Algonquian). 



Indiana 

Oklahoma.. 



Wechikhit (Yokuts).. 
California 



Weitspec (Yurok). 
California 



Wichita (Caddoan). 



Oklahoma 

South Dakota. 
Pennsylvania.. 
Kansas 



WlKCHAMNI (Yokuts). 

California 

Washington 



Winnebago (Siouan). 



Nebraska 

Wisconsin 

Iowa 

Pennsylvania. . 

Oklahoma 

Minnesota 

Kansas 

Oregon 

South Dakota.. 

California 

New York 

Wasiiington 



WiNTUN (Winttm). 



California. 
Nevada... 



WisHRAM (Chinookan). 
Washington 



Wyandot (Iroquoian). 



Oklahoma 

Kansas 

California 

Pennsylvania.. 
SouthDakota. . 

Idaho 

Nebraska 

New York 



Yakima (Shahaptian).. 



Washington. . 

Oregon 

Idaho 

Kansas 

California.. . 
Montana 



Number. 



602 

43 

4 

1 



242 



184 

54 

3 

1 



819 



630 
273 
5 
3 
1 
1 



668 
668 

318 



1,820 



1,007 

735 

32 

17 

9 

8 

5 

2 

2 

1 

1 

1 

399 



395 
4 



274 
274 



320 
21 
5 
2 
2 
1 
1 
1 

1,362 



1,279 
62 
12 
6 
2 
1 



TRIBE AND STATE. 



Yamel (Kalapooian).. 



Oregon 

AVashington.. 



Yana (Yanan).. 
California... 



Yankton Sioux (Siouan). . 



South Dakota.. 

Montana 

North Dakota.. 

Kansas 

Nebraska 

Washington 

Wyoming 



Yanktonai Sioux (Siouan). 



South Dakota. . 
North Dakota.. 

Kansas 

Montana 



YAQtn (Piman). 



Arizona 

California.. 
Oklahoma.. 



Yaquina (Yakonan). . 



Oregon 

Washington.. 



Yavapai (Yuman). 
Arizona 



Yokuts (Yokuts). 
California 



Yonkalla (Kalapooian). 
Oregon 



YowDANCHi (Yokuts).. 
California 



YucHi (Yuchean). 



Oklahoma 

District of (iolmnbia. 



YuKi (Yukian). 



Caiifomia. 

Oregon 

Arizona... 



Yuma (Yuman).. 



Caiifomia 

Arizona 

Pennsylvania. 



Yuma Apache (Yuman).. 
Arizona 



ZuNi (Ztmian)... 

New Me.xico.. 

Oregon 

Arizona 



Number. 



39 
39 



1.534 
372 
159 
U 
6 
4 
2 



1,357 



803 

551 

2 

1 



528 



489 

38 

1 



19 



13 
6 



289 
289 



302 
302 



11 



95 



91 

a 

1 



642 

191 

1 



24 
24 



1,667 



1,664 
2 
1 



' Includes Brule Sioux (South Dakota, 795; Kansas, 4; North Dakota, 4: Wisconsin, 2; Oklahoma, 1); Hunkpapa Sioux (South Dakota, 930: North Dakota 142), 
Mmniconjou Sioux (South Dakota, 387: North Dakota, 10): Oglala Sioux (South Dakota, 5,998: Montana, 2«; Illinois, 8; North Dakota, 6; Kansas, 4: Nebraska 2- 
Minnesota, 1); Sans Arc Sioux (South Dakota, 213: North Dakota 6: Kansas, 2: Oklahoma, 1): Sihasapa (South Dakota, 346; North Dakota, 137; Oklahoma 1- 
Pennsylvania,!): Two Kettle Sioux (South Dakota, 288; North Dakota, 5); and other Teton Sioux (South Dakota, 4,838; North Dakota, 60; Montana, 40: Kansas '24- 
Nebraska, 1; Nevada, 1). ' ' 

2 Includes Capote Ute (Colorado, 60; Utah, 4); Grand River Ute (Utah, 1); Moache Ute (Colorado, 155: Utah, 1); Southern Ute (Colorado, 236; Kansas 1)- Uinta Ute 
(Utah, 373); Uncompahgre Ute (Utah, 412); White River Ute (Utah, 319; New York, 1); and Wimmuchi Ute (Colorado, 241). 



22 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



INDIAN POPULATION OF THE DIFFERENT STATES, BY TRIBES: 1910. 

rUmler"Notreported"ar6 included Indians enumerated on the general population schedule only (see Table 3,.p^ll) for whom no inquiry as to stock or tribe was made.or 
luuuer iiui repui "> o Indians for whom soecial schedules were obtaiued but whose stocli or tribe was not reported.] 



Table 10 

STATE AND TRIBE. 



Numi)er. , 



Alabaua . 



Cherokee 

Choctaw 

Creek 

Not reported. 



Abqona . 



Apache 

Apache 

Chiricahua Apache. . . 
Coyotero Apache — 
San Carlos .\pache . . 

Tonto Apache 

White Mount a in 

Apache 

Chemehuevi 

Cherokee 

Chickasaw 

Chippewa 

Chukchansi 

Cocopa 

Havasupai 

Hopi 

Hupa 

Isleta 

Kawia 

Klamath 

Little Lake 

Maricopa 

Mayo 

Modoc 

Mohave 

Navajo 

Oneida 

Opata 

Osage 

Paiute 

Papago 

Pawnee 

Piegan 

Pima 

Porno 

Potawatomi 

Seneca 

Serrano 

Shawnee 

Shoshoni 

Siou.K 

Ute 

Walapai 

Yaqui 

Yavapai 

Yuki 

Yuma 

Yuma Apache 

Zuni 

Not reported 



Abkans.is 

Not reported . 
Califoenu 



Apache 

Arapaho 

Bannock 

Blackfeet 

Cayuse 

Chemehuevi 

Cherokee 

Chetco 

Chimariko 

Chippewa 

Chomimni 

Chookiminah... 

Chukchansi 

Clear Lake 

Coast Yuki 

Cocopa 

Creek 

Crow 

Delaware 

Diegueno 

Gabrioleno 

Qynomehro 

Hat Creek 

Hopi 

Humboldt Bay . 

Hupa 

Isleta 

Juaneno 

Kai-1'omo 

Kashowoo 

Kawaiisu 

Kawia 

Kern River 

Kiowa 

Klamath , 

I^aeuna 

Little Lake 



909 



9 

57 
185 
658 

29,201 



4,652 

2,344 

24 

490 
1,087 

655 

52 

28 

4 

1 

1 

2 

229 

174 

1,941 

6 

8 

1 

4 

1 

382 

40 

2 

667 

11,001 

1 

5 

2 

69 

3,785 

19 

3 

4,167 

1 

3 

1 

1 

3 

4 

3 

1 

496 

489 

2S9 

1 

191 

24 

1 

493 

460 



STATE AXD TRIBE. 



Number. 



460 
16,371 



4 I 

^! 
1 

1 

260 I 

34 

1 

31 

6 

13 

4 

142 

193 

15 

16 

3 

11 

3 

756 

11 

33 

240 

42 

152 

617 

3 

14 

51 

4 

23 

754 

105 

1 

16 

19 

84 



California— Continued. 

Lower Lake 

Maidu 

Maricopa 

Marin 

Mattole 

Miami 

Middle Town 

Miwok 

Modoc 

Mohave 

Mono 

Navajo 

Nomelaki 

Omaha 

Orleans 

Paiute 

Panamint 

Papago 

Patwin 

Paviotso 

Peoria 

Pima 

Pit River 

Pomo 

Potawatomi 

Quapaw 

Redwood-Huclmom . 
Redwood-W hllkut . . . 

Rogue River 

Saiai 

San .\ntonio 

San Luis Obispo 

San Luiseno 

Santa liarbareno 

Santa Cruz 

Santa Ynez 

Seminole 

Seneca 

Serrano 

Shasta 

Shoshoni 

Sioux 

Tachi 

Tehachapi 

Tolowa 

Umpqua 

Wailaki 

Walapai 

Wappo 

Wasco 

Washo 

Wechikhit 

Weitspec 

Wikchamni 

Winnebago 

Win tun 

Wvandot 

Yakima 

Yana 

Yaqui 

Yokuts 

Yowdanchi 

Yuki 

Yuma 

Not reported 



Colorado . 



Apache 

Catawba 

Cherokee 

Cheyenne 

Creek 

Navajo 

Ute 

Capote Ute 

Moache Ute 

Southern Ute 

Ute 

Wiminuchi Ute.. 
Not reported 

Connecticut 

Mohegan 

Narraganset 

Niantic 

Pequot 

Not reported 

Delaware 

Not reported 

District of CoLUMniA. . 

Chippewa 

Crow 

Mandan 

Yuchi 

Not reported 



STATE .A.ND TRIBE. 



96 

1,098 

4 

22 

34 

1 

7 

669 

20 

389 

1,388 

20 

122 

2 

775 

210 

9 

6 

186 

101 

1 

60 

8S8 

776 

1 

1 

15 
74 
9 
6 
16 
1 
467 
2 
17 
35 
1 
6 
115 
255 
33 
3 
27 
2 
118 
1 
217 
2 
73 
1 
' 273 
6 
668 
24 
1 
395 I 
5 
2 
39 
38 
302 
3 
91 
642 
1,825 

1,482 



Mohawk 

Seminole 

Not reported. 



Number. 



Georgia 

Not reported - 



Idaho. 



1 

14 

12 

6 

2 

8 

725 

60 

155 

236 

33 

211 

714 



68 



Bannock 

Brotherton 

Cayuse 

Cherokee 

Coeur d'Alene. . 

Colville 

Cree 

Delaware 

Flathead 

Kalispel 

Kutenai 

Modoc 

Mohawk 

Nez Perces 

Okinagan 

Paviotso 

Piegan 

Shoshoni 

Spokan 

L^matilla 

Wallawalla 

Warm Springs. 

Wyandot 

Yakima 

Not reported... 



Illinois.. 



Teton Sioux-Oglala Sioux 

Tuscarora 

Not reported 



Indiana. 



Delaware 

Miami 

Penobscot 

Wea 

Not reported. 



Iowa. 



Potawatomi 

Sauk and Fox. . 

Sioux 

Winnebago 

Not reported... 



Kansas.. 



Apache 

Arapaho 

Arilcara 

Assiniboin 

Caddo 

Cayuga 

Cayuse 

Cherokee 

Cheyenne 

Chickasaw 

Chippewa 

Choctaw 

Comanche 

Cree 

Creek 

Crow 

Delaware 

Flathead 

Gros Ventres 

Hidatsa 

Hopi 

Hupa 

Iowa 

Isleta 

Kalispel 

Kansa 

Kickapoo 

Kiowa 

Klamath 

Little Lake 

Menominee 

Mcscaiero Apache. 

Miami 

Modoc 

Molaia 

Munsee 

Navajo 

Nez Perces 

Omaha 

Oneida 



363 

2 

4 

8 

284 

17 

2 

4 

6 

15 

107 

1 

2 

1,035 

1 

152 

3 

1,259 

96 

22 

1 

4 

1 

12 

87 

188 



179 
279 



2 

90 

1 

2 

184 



6 

257 

7 

32 

169 

2,444 



state .and tribe. 



9 

6 

1 

6 

5 

1 

1 
71 

5 

4 
92 
11 

7 

1 
33 

14 

14 

1 

1 
1 

2 

5 
124 
1 
2 

2U 

17 
2 
6 
4 
■I 
s 
1 
1 

41 
8 
1 

11 

26 



Kansas — C ontinued . 

Osage . 

Oto 

Ottawa 

Paiute 

Papago 

Pawnee 

Peoria 

Pima 

Ponca 

Potawatomi 

Puyallup 

Quapaw 

Rogue River 

Sauk and Fox 

Seminole 

Seneca 

Shawnee 

Shoshoni 

Siou-x 

Sisseton Sioux 

Stockbridges 

Teton Sioux 

Brule Sioux 

Oglala Sioux 

Sans Arc Sioux., 
Teton Sioux 

Tillamook 

Tuscarora 

Ute 

Southern Ute... 
Ute 

Wasco 

Washo 

Wichita 

Winnebago 

Wyandot 

Yakiina 

Yankton Sioux 

Yanktouai Sioux. . . 

Not reported 



Number. 



Kentucky 

Not reported. 



Louisiana . 



Alibamu 

Ciierokee 

Chitimacha.. 

Choctaw 

Koasati 

Tunica 

Not reported. 



Maine. 



Abnaki 

Chippewa 

Malecite 

Micmac 

Mohawk 

Passamaquoddy . 

Penobscot 

St. Regis 

Not reported 



Maryland 

Not reported. 
Massachusetts. . 



Blackfeet 

Malecito 

Mashjiee 

Micmac 

Narraganset.. 

Pequot 

Wampanoag. 
Not reported. 



MlCHIGVN. 



Brotherton 

Cherokee 

Chippewa 

Croc 

Iowa 

Menominee 

Miami 

Mohawk 

Onoida 

Onondaga 

Ottawa 

Potawatomi 

Sauk and Fox.. 

Sioux 

Tuscarora 

Not reported.., 



12 
6 

14 
2 
3 

14 
3 
5 

42 

819 

3 



8 

7 

14 

1 

40 
6 
1 

34 
4 
4 
2 

24 
1 
1 

12 
1 

11 
3 
1 
4 
5 

21 
6 

11 

2 

500 

234 
234 



780 



111 
1 
50 

115 
85 
43 

375 



7 

1 

138 

23 

1 

381 

253 

1 

87 

55 
~~55 



1 

3 

201 

21 

2 

17 

152 

291 

7,519 



2 
3 

3.725 

28 

1 

34 

2 

5 

10 

1 

2.454 

461 

1 

1 

1 

7W 



POPULATION. 

INDIAN POPULATION OF THE DIFFERENT STATES, BY TRIBES: 1910— Continued. 



23 



fUnder ^'.o^ .portea" a. ..ude. ^^^^^^^^^i^^^l^^^^ ^^^^^ ^ ^U^X^ZtT'' =^ '" ^"" " """" "^""^ 



Table 10 — Continued. 

STATE AND TRIBE. 



Minnesota . 



Number. 



D.053 



Brothcrton 

Cherokee 

Chippewa 

Creo 

Creek 

Crow 

Laguua 

Menominee 

Micmac 

Oneida 

Onondaga 

Potawatomi 

Santce Sioux 

Sioux 

Sisseton Sioux 

StockbridK^s 

Teton Sioux— Oglala 

Sioux 

Winnebago 

Not reported 

Mississippi 

Chippewa 

Choctaw 

Creek 

Ute 

Not reported 

Missouri 



STATE AN!> tribe. 



314 
1,253 




Arapaho 

Ariicara.. 

Assiniboin 

Bannock 

Blackfeet 

Cayu^ 

Cherokee 

Cheyenne 

Chinook 

Chippewa 

ColvQle 

Cree 

Creek 

Crow 

Delaware 

Flathead 

Gros Ventres 

Hidatsa 

Kalispel 

Kiowa 

KutenaL 

Mandan 

Nez Perces 

Okin£^an 

Paiute 

Paviotso 

Pawnee 

Piegan 

Potawatomi 

Santee Sioux 

Seneca 

Shawnee 

Shoshoni 

Sioux 

Sisseton Sioux 

Spokan 

Teton Sioux 

Oglala Sioux.. 
Teton Sioux.. 

Umatilla 

Ute 

Warm Springs 

Valvima 

Yankton Sioux . . . 
Yanktonai Sioux.. 
Not reported 

Nebraska 



3,502 



Nedrask.\ — ConiinueJ. 

Hathead 

Iowa 

Kalispel 

Kickapoo 

Koasati 

Kutenai 

Maleeite 

Menominee 

Omaha 

Oneida 

Oto 

Ottawa 

Pas.samaquoddy 

Pawnee 

Penobscot 

Piegan 

Ponca 

Potawatomi 

Quapaw 

Santee Sioux 

Sauk and Fox 

Shoshoni 

Sioux 

Sis.<ieton Sioux 

Teton Sioux 

Oglala Sioux... 

Teton Sioux. .. 

Winn?bago 

Wyandot 

Yankton Sioux 

Not reported 



Nevada. 



Number. 



Apache — White Moun- 
tain Apache 

Baimock 

Chemehuevi 

Creek 

Maidu 

Miwok 

Mohave 

Mono 

Paiute 

Panamint 

Papago 

Paviotso 

Pit River 

Shoshoni 

Sisseton Sioux 

Teton Sioux 

Ute 

Washo 

Wintun 

Not reported 



New Hampshire. 



Penobscot 

Not reported. 



New Jersey. 



Sioux 

Not reported. 



New Mexico - 



Acoma 

Apache 

Cherokee 

Cochiti 

Hopi 

Isleta 

Jemez 

Jicarilla Apache. . . 

Laguna 

Lipan Apache 

Mescalero .\pache. 

Nambe 

Navajo 

Osage 

Pecos 

Picuris 

Pima 

Pojoaque 

San Felipe 

San Ildefonso 

San Juan 

Sandia 

Santa Ana 

Santa Clara 

Santo Domingo... 

Seneca 

Sia 

Taos 

Tesuque 

Zuni 

Not reported 



6 

3S 

1 

1 

2 

1 

1 

1 

1,075 

5 

10 

23 

3 

1 

1 

21 

193 

21 

1 

708 

13 

1 

62 

15 

3 

2 

1 

1,007 

1 

6 

19S 

5,240 



STATE AND TRIBE. 



New York.. 



New York— Continued . 



Number. 



3 

1 

60 

1 

1 

1 

1 

60 

247 

1 

3 

2,414 

8 

1,535 

1 

1 

6 

. 536 

4 

336 

34 



3 

31 

168 



62 
106 

20, 573 



Cayuga 

Cherokee 

Chippewa 

Clallam 

Delaware 

Mohawk 

Montauk 

Munsee 

Oneida 

Onondaga 

Passamaquoddy 

Pawnee 

Penobscot 

Poosepatuck 

St. Regis 

Seneca 

Shiimecock 

Sioux 

Stotjvbridges 

Tuscarora 

Ute— White River Ute. 

Winnebago 

Wyandot 

Not reported 



North Carolina. 



Catawba 

Cherokee 

Chippewa — 

Creek 

Croatan 

Not reported. 

North Dakota. 



691 

23 

1 

237 

9 

910 

499 

694 

1,441 

20 

416 

88 

19,354 

1 

9 

104 

1 

16 

490 

123 

3S4 

73 

211 

277 

817 

2 

109 

517 

77 

1,664 

313 

6,046 



Arikara 

Assiniboin 

Blackleet 

Cherokee 

Cheyenne 

Chippewa 

Cree 

Creek 

Crow 

Gros Ventres 

Hidatsa 

Mandan 

Munsee 

Omaha 

Oneida 

Peoria 

Santee Sioux 

Sioux 

Sisseton Sioux 

Teton Sioux 

Brule Sioux 

Hunkpapa Sioux... 

Minniconjou Sioux. 

Oglala Sioux 

Sans Arc Sioux 

Sihasapa 

Teton Sioux 

Two Kettle Sioux.. 

Yankton Sioux 

Yanktonai Sioux 

Not reported 



Ohio.. 



Cherokee 

Chippewa 

Creek 

Mohawk 

Sauk and Fox.. 

Sioux 

Not reported... 



Oklahoma. 



Abnaki 

Arikara 

Brotherton.. 



Apache 

Apache 

Chiracahua 

San Carlos 

White Mountain. 

Arapaho 

Arilcara 

Blackfeet 

Caddo 

Cayuga 

Cherokee 

Cheyeime 

Chickasaw 

Chinook 

Chippewa 

Choctaw 

Clatsop 

Comanche 

Creek 

Crow 

Delaware 

lo'.va 



53 
5 
3 
I 

2 

320 

6 

5 

211 

327 

2 

1 

5 

1 

1,140 

2,485 

167 

1 

7 

3S2 

1 

1 

1 



7,851 



state and tribe. 



6 

1,406 

2 

7 

5,805 

565 

6,486 



423 

8 

35 

34 

1 

2,9G6 

5 

1 

11 

3 

520 

197 

1 

1 

1 

3 

100 

99 

621 

370 

4 

142 

10 

6 

6 

137 

60 

5 

159 

651 

374 



15 
3 
1 

12 
2 
S 

92 

74,825 



271 

30 

237 

2 

2 

685 

1 

12 

436 

17 

29,610 

1,522 

4,191 

1 

04 

14'551 

3 

1,1I',0 

6,054 

2 

874 

79 



Oklahoma — Continued. 

Kansa 

Ivichai 

Kickapoo 

Kiowa 

Kiowa Apache 

Laguna 

Lipan Apache 

Menominee 

Mescalero .\pachc 

Miami 

Missouri 

Modoc 

Mohawk 

Montauk 

Munsee 

Navajo 

Omaha 

Oneida 

Onondaga 

Osage 

Oto 

Ottawa 

Pa^Tiee 

Peoria 

Piankashaw 

Piegan 

Pit Kiver 

Ponca 

Potawatomi 

Quapaw 

St. Regis 

Sauk and Fox 

; Seminole 

Seneca 

Shawnee 

Sioux 

Stockbridges 

Tawakoni 

Teton Sioux 

Brule Sioux 

Sans Arc Sioux . 

Sihasapa 

Tonkawa 

Ute 

Waco 

Wea 

Wichita 

Winnebago 

Wyandot 

Yaqui 

Yuchi 

Not reported 



Number. 



Oregon. 



Ahtena 

Aleut 

Alsea 

Apache 

.Assiniboin 

Auk 

Baimock 

Blackfeet 

Cavuse 

Chastacosta 

Chehalis 

Cherokee 

Chetco 

Chickasaw 

ChUkat 

Chinook 

Chippewa 

Choctaw 

Clackamas 

Clallam 

Clatsop 

Coeur d'Alene . 

Columbia 

Colville 

Cow Creek 

Cree 

Creek 

Crow 

Delaware 

Dwamish 

Flathead 

Haida 

Kake 

Kalapooia 

Kalispel 

Klamath 

Klikitat 

Kusa 

Kutenai 

Lakmiut 

Lummi 

Maidu 

Makah 

Malemiut 

Mary's River . 

Menominee... 

Modoc 

Molala 

Muckleshoot.. 



232 
10 
135 
1,107 
139 
4 
7 
7 
4 
123 
12 
33 
11 
2 
21 
4 
5 
18 
1 
1,345 
314 
170 
573 
114 
2 
3 
7 
619 
8G6 
221 
1 
347 
1,503 
215 
1,300 
53 
7 
1 
3 
1 
1 
1 

42 

14 

5 

2 

279 

9 

320 

1 

74 

4,407 



2 

40 

27 

2 

6 

2 

2 

4 

277 

7 

3 

19 

7 

4 

4 

125 

48 

1 

39 

11 

4 

4 

,52 

25 

9 

22 

1 

3 

2 

1 

27 

25 

3 

5 

3 

646 

35 



3 

1 
6 
2 
24 

1 

212 

25 

3 



24 INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 

INDIAN POPULATION OF THE DIFFERENT STATES, BY TPvIBES: 1910— Continued. 

rOnder "Not reported" are included Indians enumerated on the general population schedule only (see Table 3, p. 11) for whom no inquiry as to 
^ or Indians for whom special schedules were obtained but whose stock or tribe was not reported.] 



stock or tribe was made. 



Table 10 — Continued. 

STATE AND TRIBE. 



Oregon — Continued. 

Munsee 

Nez Perces 

NisquaUi 

Okinagan 

Oto 

Paloos 

Paviotso 

Piegan 

Pima 

Pit River 

Potawatomi 

Puyallup 

Quinaielt 

Rogue River 

Sanpoil 

Santee Sioux 

Santiam 

Seneca 

Shasta 

Sioux 

Siuslaw 

Skokoraish 

Snohomish 

Spokan 

Suquamish 

Tenankutchin 

Tillamook 

Tolowa 

Tsimshian 

Umatilla 

Umpqua 

Upper Coquille... 

Wailaki 

Wallawalla 

Wapato 

Warm Springs... 

"Wasco 

Washo 

Winnebago 

Yakima 

Yamel 

Yaquina 

Yonkalla 

Yuki 

Zuni 

Not reported 

Pennsylvanu 

Abnaki 

Apache 

Arapaho 

Ankara 

Assiniboin 

Bannock 

Caddo 

Catawba 

Cayuga 

Cayuse 

Cherokee 

Chetco 

Cheyenne 

Chippewa 

Chitimacha 

Clallam 

Coeur d'-'Mene 

Colville 

Comanche 

Crow 

Delaware 

Hldatsa 

Hopi 

Iowa 

Klamath 

Lipan Apache 

Little Lake 

Lummi 

Mashpee 

Menominee 

Miami 

Modoc 

Mohave 

Mohawk 

Munsee 

Narraganset 

Navajo 

Nez Perces 

Nomelaki 

Okinagan 

Omaha 

Oneida 

Onondaga 

Osage 

Ottawa 

Palute 

Pawnee 

Pecos 

Penobscot 

Peoria 

Piegan 

Pima 

Pit River 

Ponca 

Potawatomi 



Number. 



1 

m 

8 

11 
1 

7 

341 

2 

I 

81 
1 

21 
1 
3CS 
1 
1 
9 
2 

96 
1 
7 
2 
3 

28 
1 
1 

18 
3 

14 
152 

90 

15 

8 

390 

17 

502 

184 

5 

2 

C2 
4 

13 

11 

3 

2 

664 

1,503 



4 
3 
3 
3 
1 
5 
8 
1 

10 
2 

SO 
1 

33 
134 

19 
2 
1 
9 
4 
5 
7 

10 

13 
1 

23 
1 
3 
2 
5 
9 
1 
2 
1 
3 
2 
1 

13 

81 
3 
2 

U 

40 

33 
7 
6 
5 

18 
1 
3 
1 

12 
2 
1 
3 
3 






STATE AND TRIBE. 



Number. 



Pennsyltaota — Continued 

Puvallup 

Quapaw 

St. Regis 

San Juan 

Sanpoil 

Sauk and Fox 

Seminole 

Seneca 

Serrano 

Shawnee 

Sbosboni 

Sioux 

Spokan 

Stockbridges 

Teton Sioux— Sihasapa 

Tuscarora 

Umatilla 

Umpqua 

Wampanoag -■ 

Washo 

Wichita 

Vi'innebago 

W yaudo t 

Yiima 

Not reported 



Rhode Island.. 
Not reported. 



South Caboldja. 



Catawba 

Cherokee 

Oneida 

Not reported. 



South Dakota. 



Alsea 

Apache 

,\rapaho 

Arikara 

Assiniboin 

Bannock 

Blackfeet 

Caddo 

Cayuse 

Cherokee 

Cheyenne 

Cliickasaw 

Chippewa 

Choctaw 

Clallam 

Clatsop 

Creek 

Crow 

Delaware 

Gros Ventres 

Hidatsa 

Hopi 

Kutenai 

Laguna 

Mandan 

Menominee 

Navajo 

Nez Perces 

Oneida 

Onondaga 

Osage 

Paiule 

Papago 

Pawnee 

Peoria 

Ponca 

• Potawatomi 

Quapaw 

Santee Sioux 

Sauk and Fox 

Seneca 

Shawnee 

Sbosboni 

Sioux 

Sisseton Sioux 

Stockbridges 

Teton Sioux 

Brule Sioux 

Hunkpapa Sioux . . 

Minniconjou Sioux. 

Oglala Sioux 

Sans .'Vrc Sioux 

Sihasapa 

Teton Sioux 

Two Kettle Sioux. . 

Umatilla 

Ute. 



Wichita 

Winnebago 

Wyandot 

Yankton Sioux. .. 
Yanktonai Sioux., 
Not reported 



1 
1 

77 
1 
1 

14 

1 

1S4 

2 

4 

27 

96 
6 
6 
1 

15 
2 
1 

10 
3 

15 

17 

2 

1 

438 



331 



99 



2 
143 



1 
1 
3 
3 
3 
4 
1 
3 
5 
7 
133 
1 

73 

8 

1 

1 

9 

53 

1 

2 

1 

2 

3 

4 

5 

3 

4 

1 

7 

1 

4 

2 

1 

5 

1 

18 

10 

1 

378 

1 

2 

2 

2 

277 

1,553 

3 

13,795 

795 

930 

3S7 

5,998 

213 

346 

4,838 

288 

1 

4 

20 

2 

2 

1,534 

803 

372 



state .ixd tribe. 



Number. 



Tennessee . 



Cherokee 

Chickasaw 

Choctaw 

Creek 

Osage 

Sauk and Fox. 
Not reported... 



Texas. 



Alibamu 

Creek 

Isleta 

Koasati 

Seminole 

Not reported. 



Utah . 



Bannock 

Chippewa 

Navajo 

Pahvant 

Paiute.. 

Shoshoni 

Sioux 

Ute 

Capote Ute 

Grand River Ute 

Moacbe Ute 

L^intaUte 

Incompahgre Ute... 

Ute 

White River Ute 

Not reported 



Veemont 

Not reported. 



Virginia. 



Catawba 

Cherokee 

Chickahominy. 

Choctaw .'.. 

Mattapony 

I'amunkey 

Powhatan 

Not reported.-. 



Washington. 



.\lsea 

Bellacoola 

Ca\Tiso 

Chehalis 

Cherokee 

Chimakum 

Chinook 

Chippewa 

Clackamas 

Clallam 

Clatsop 

Coeur d'.A.lene.. 

Columbia 

Colville 

Comox 

Cowichan 

Cowlitz 

Cree 

Dwomish 

Flathead 

Ilaida 

Iloh 

Ilupa 

Kalispel 

Kitamat 

Klamath 

Klikitat 

Kutenai , 

Kwakiutl 

Laguna 

Lummi , 

Makah 

Methow , 

Missouri 

Modoc 

Molala 

Muckleshoot . . 

Nespelim 

Nez Perces 

NisquaUi 

Kooksak 

Nootka 

Okinagan 

Paiule 

I'aloos 

Paviotso 



45 
3 
4 
2 
1 
6 
155 



187 

I 

34 

11 

200 

269 



3,123 



1 

1 

1,039 

37 

238 

218 

2 

1,472 

4 

1 

1 

373 

412 

362 

319 

85 



539 



4 

19 

115 

8 

1 

83 

131 

178 



1 

2 

6 

279 

8 

3 

177 

6 

1 

383 

18 

4 

333 

717 

1 

62 

105 

91 

19 

46 

6 

44 

U 

157 

1 

4 

370 

1 

1 

1 

34S 

354 

14 

1 

1 

5 

191 

46 

79 

129 

85 

15 

250 

5 

75 

2 



state and teibe. 



Washington— Continued. 

Pisquow 

Potawatomi 

Puyallup 

Quileute 

Quinaielt 

E edwood-W hilkut 

Rogue River 

San Juan 

Sanpoil 

Sauk and Fox 

Shasta 

Shuswap 

Sioux 

Skagit 

Skokomish 

Snohomish 

Snoqualmu 

Songish ' 

Spokan 

Squaxon 

Stockbridges 

Suquamish 

Swmomish 

Takelma '. 

Tillamook 

Tlatskanai 

Topinish 

Tsunshian 

Twana 

Umatilla 

Umpqua 

Waflaki 

Walapai 

Wallawalla 

Wapato 

Warm Springs 

Wasco 

Washo 

Wikchamni 

Winnebago 

Wishram 

Yakima 

Yamel - 

Yankton Sioux 

Yaquina 

Not reported 



West Virginia . . 
Not reported. 



Wisconsin. 



Abnaki 

Brotherton 

Cherokee 

Chippewa 

Delaware 

Iowa 

Kickapoo 

Klamath 

Menominee 

Mohawk 

Montauk 

Narraganset 

Oneida 

Onondaga 

Osage 

Oto 

Ottawa 

Potawatomi 

Santee Sioux 

Sauk and Fox... 

Seneca 

Sioux 

Stockbridges 

Teton Sioux: 
Brule Siou-x. 

Twana 

Winneliago 

Not reported 



Wyoming . 



Apache 

Arapaho 

Bannock 

Chemehuevi 

Cheyenne 

Gros Ventres 

nidatsa 

Navajo 

Oneida 

Paiute 

Piegan 

Potawatomi 

Shoshoni 

Sioux 

Ute 

Yankton Sioux. 
Not reported 



POPULATION. 

INDIAN POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES, BY COUNTIES: 1910, 1900, AND 1890. 



25 



* Includes 3S4 persons specially enumerated in 1S90, not distributed by counties. 

2 Includes 3,024 Indhns on San Carlos Indian Reservation, in Gila and Grabam Counties, not returned by counties in 1900. 
s Includes 28,469 Indians specially enumerated in 1S90, not distril.nited by counties. 

* Includes 32 Indians specially enumerated in ls90, not distributed by counties. 

B Includes 5,107 Indians specially enumerated in lSi90. not distributed by counlies. 
c Includes 985 Indians specially enumerated in 1S90. not distributed by coimties. 



Table 1 1 

COUNTY. 


1910 


1900 


1890 


COUNTY. 


1910 


1900 


IS90 


COUNTY. 


1910 


1900 


1890 




909 


177 


■ 1, 143 


Arkansas — Cont inued . 


1 






CoLOR.UJO — Continued. 


453 
6 


559 
1 














116 
2 
2 
3 

6 
1 


St. Francis 




-' 


OtPfo 


4 

1 


Barbour 






Saline 


s 

4 




Park 








Scott 


- 


3 
6 
47 
3 
1 


Prowers 

Pueblo 


6 
5 


i' 


1 
1 


Bullock 




1 


Searcv 






Sebast ian 


11 
3 


46 
6 




2 


Chambers 






Sevier 




358 




3 




3 




Sharp 


Routt 


1 
4 


Choctaw 


1 

9 


4 


Union 


3 
I 










Clarke 


11 
1 

1 


Washington 


1 


4 

1 

5 16,624 




1 

1 

10 

152 


1 




Coffee 


White 


Teller 


' 


Colbert 






Yell 


"Weld 






1 




California 


16,371 


15,377 


Connecticut 


153 






118 




Crenshaw 


io 


1 
3 
3 
173 
1 
7 
8 
1 
1 
2 

5 


228 


Dallas 

Dekalb 






41 

94 
143 
298 
161 
169 
3 
337 
177 
313 

32 
1,652 
682 
792 
220 

32 
4.33 
410 

97 
419 

26 

192 

1,170 


71 
142 
130 
201 
100 
121 
8 
269 
138 
520 

24 
1,728 


25 
224 

58 
319 

77 
277 
3 
376 
136 
347 

"i,'379 


Fairfield 


18 
2 

18 
2 

12 

69 
2 

29 

5 


9 
5 

33 
1 
2 

93 
1 
9 

9 


31 




163 


122 


Vlpine 


Hartford 


17 






Litchfiela 


13 




116 
5 
5 


6 


Butte 


Middlesex 


5 






New Haven 


25 




Colusa 


New London 


105 






Tolland 












A\ indham 


32 








Eldorado 


T)ET.4"W4T(P 




Marengo 


7 




Fresno 


4 






4 

402 

3 

1 

4 

4 




Kent 




Mobile 


7 

291 

3 


5 
21 

i' 


Humboldt 


4 
1 

68 
74 


' 9' 

22 

358 


\ 








3 






940 

344 

51 
428 
381 

69 
401 

25 

173 

1,353 

4 

503 

389 

26 
• 18 

4S 

74' 

444 

S09 

24 

36 

572 

2,197 

15 

1 

1 

1 

72 

9 

67 

862 

31 

480 

316 
25 
20 
99 
234 
175 
149 
5 
28 
24 

1,437 


850 
337 

656 

335 
144 

si 

152 
581 

30 
499 
368 

58 

15 

159 

5 

73 
374 

40 

41 

399 

478 

31 

9 

47 

6 

73 

19 

10 

693 

10 

710 

11 

297 

12 

1 

101 

193 

178 

218 

91 

41 

27 

« 1,092 


District of Columbia 

Florida 




Kern 










25 


ptte 






Lake 






6 








Shelby 




1 
1 


Los .Vngeles 


171 


Tallapoosa 


••••Jij- 
29,201 




Madera 


Brevard 




81 
109 


23 




2 26.480 


3 29,981 




Dade 




134 






DeSoto 


ii 

8 








Duval 


5 

i' 

14 

2 

146 








546 
386 

29 
6 

52 

21 

102 

380 

1,590 

62 


Escambia 


1 




6,131 

26 

2,788 

2.508 

450 
3,099 

541 

5,752 

3,495 

3,139 

6 

479 

7S7 

460 


5,540 

U 

1,206 

729 

34 

3,084 

1.237 

5,099 

2,662 

2,999 

4 

268 

683 

66 


5 
1 

3 

1 

9 

904 

138 

27 

424 

1250 




Hillsboro 


2 






Jackson...? 








Lake 










Lee 










Monroe 




1 






Nassau 


1 

16 










Palm Beach 










Pasco 




1 






Polk 


15 










Putnam 




3 






573 

1,516 

46 

S 

14 

1 

45 

16 

15 

756 

54 

1,109 

1 

340 

30 

18 

94 

227 

204 

186 

3 

32 

16 

1,482 


St. Johns 






2 






Santa Rosa 






1 






Sumter 






1 






Volusia 







1 






Walton 


1 




San Mateo 




95 


19 








68 




11 
167 




1 

2 
2 


Santa Clara 




Benton 


Santa Cruz 








Shasta 




13 
15 


9 




Calhoun 


7 
2 
1 




Sierra 

Siskiyou 


Bulloch. 




Carroll 




1 






2 


Chicot 


Solano 


Carroll 




i 

1 


Clark 




11 

1 

3 

- 1 

1 
8 


Sonoma 


Chatham 




3 


Clay 






Stanislaus 


Clarke 












Sutter 


Cobb 


2 






Cleveland 


14 
3 




Tehama 


Coffee 




Columbia 


Trinitv 


rnliimhin 


6 

1 
1 
1 








Tulare 








Crittenden 


5 




Tuolumne 


Crisp 








1 

5 
5 


VentiKa 








Dallas 






Yolo 






Desha 






Y'uba 










Drew 


1 




Colorado 


Floyd 


2 




I 


Faulkner 


2 


i 

1 

2 
1 
9 
1 
11 

9 

2 


Forsyth 


X 


Franklin 




Fulton 















Adams 




2 


Garland 


143 




1 












Grant 


Arapahoe 


2 
26 

i' 

26 
16 


47 
3 

1 

io 

4 




4 






Hempstead 






Bent 


19 
4 




3 










Boulder 








Independence 






Clear Creek 






5 




Jackson 




1 

1 


Conejos 


25 
4 
71 




11 




Jefferson 




Costilla 






6 
1 


Johnson 




Denver 








Lafayette 


1 

18 




Dolores 


1 
5 
1 


i 
1 

3 
1 
1 

4 

1 




j" * 




Lee.. 


1 


7 
1 


El Paso 


3 






1 


Lincoln 


Freraont 


Miller 


11 






Little River 


9 
1 

8 
5 
8 
10 




Gilpin 









Logan 




4 
4 


Hinsdale 













Lonoke 


Huerfano 




11 

599 






1 


Miller 


La Plata 


288 
2 








Mississippi 




5 


Lake 


Polk 




2 


Montgomery 


Larimer 




1 
12 




12 
6 






Nevada 




2 
2 


T,a.s Animas 




4 

1 

179 

1 








Ouachita 






Logan 








1 
1 
1 


Pike 


3 
9 






218 






PulaskL 


6 


47 


' Mineral 


Spalding 





26 INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 

INDIAN POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES, BY COUNTIES: 1910, 1900, AND 1890— Continued. 



Table 1 1— Continued. 

CODNTY. 


1910 


1900 


1890 


COUNTY. 


1910 


1900 


1890 


COTINTT. 


1910 


1900 


1890 


Georgia— Continued. 




1 

1 

14 

2 

14,223 


INDHN.1— Continued. 


119 


130 


97 
3 
1 


TrRWTTTriTY , 


234 


102 


71 


















1 




■":::::i 






1 

2 


Breathitt 


1 
1 






"Whiffipld 






Porter 


1 
1 


Campbell 

Casey 








3,IS8 


4,226 






1 


_ 1 
IDAHO 


Randolpli 




4 
2 
1 

" " ' 2 

94 

6 

1 

1 


Christian 






1 




Rush 


U 
39 


9 

3 

7 


Clark 











.3 
623 

1 
810 

6 


3 

439 


5 






5 






Tippecanoe 


Crittenden 




1 








EUiott 


4 
6 

46 
2 

10 








860 
22 


23 

i9 


Vanderburg 




Fayette 


2 


1 




Wabash 


14 


20 


Floyd 


14 




Warren . 


Graves 


2 




109 

1 










Greenup 






1 
1 


is 

4 
11 

31 

19 

8 

ig 












2 






19 
471 




Jefferson 


9 
1 
2 
7 
5 


1 


14 








382 


<457 


Kenton 






16 

4 

201 

431 

1 


10 

12 

434 

697 

3 

466 

1,128 


ICnott 








Allamakee 












2 




Laurel 


6 


4 






8 


. 8 








8 


Logan 


5 

1 
5 

92 




• 9 










Lyon 


1 












Madison 






898 
178 
208 




1 

1 
1 




MagoflTm 


85 












Mason 


1 




64 
79 

16 


3 

2 

2 98 










20 












1 


Scott 




1 




188 






1 


Wayne 




3 
503 








1 
2 


Whitley 


12 
780 


10 






1 


1 


LotnsiANA 






1 




6 
6 






Alexander 


Lucas 




1 


S628 


Bond 


i 




i 

1 

i 

5 


Lyon 


14 






Ascension 




2 

47 

1 

1 

191 






1 


5' 






6 

7 
6 

1 

3 

2 


Avoyelles 


48 


47 










Bossier 


3 


Cluv 










Caddo 




2 








Monroe 






Calcasieu 


313 


148 




4 
139 








i 


Caldwell 


1 




9 


20 

i 

1 


Polk 


4 
115 
4 
2 
295 
2 
1 
8 
1 


Catahoula 


14 


40 


34 






Claiborne 


4 








Concordia 






1 


Fulton. 


1 








DeSoto 






2 


Tama 


376 

1 




East Baton Rouge 

Grant 


8 
2 




2 




2 






10 


J asper 




1 
1 




Iberville 


6 




3 
1 
1 








6 


JelTerson 






1 


KendaU 

T i»Vrt 




La Salle 


26 










Winneshiek 




16 


Lafayette 




2 






2 

2 




8 
2,444 




Lafourche 




65 










Kansas 


2,130 


1 1,082 


Lincoln 




3 




2 
1 




Morehouse 


1 

10 

5 

102 


1 
2 
2 

41 








2 
1 
3 
1 
7 
1 
2 
11 
3 
1 
s 
3 


Allen 


Natchitoches 


i3 




7 






Orleans 


21 








Atchison 


38 


7 
1 
5 

i 

1 

7 


Rapides 


14 








Barber 


1 


Red River 


1 




2 






Sabine 


6 
61 


1 
77 


11 






408 


504 
10 


St. Landry 


120 




1 




Butler 


St. Martin 


13 








St. Mary 


50 
9 


83 

30 

2 


32 




2 

S 






23 

68 


43 

13 

1 


St. Tammany 


60 






Tangipahoa 


13 




Clark 


Tensas 




1 




8 

1 
6 




Cloud 


1 
2 
22 
12 


Terrebonne 


125 


6' 


55 










Washington 


3 








Cowlev 


10 



3 

1 
1 

440 


Webster 




2 






6 


Crawford 


West Baton Rouge 






1 




1 
1 
1 

279 






West Carroll 




i 




Will 






Doniphan 


21 

671 

12 


7 
4S1 


West Feliciana 




1 








Douglas 


Maine 


892 


798 






243 


343 


Elk 




Indiana 


Ellsworth 


1 
66 


3 

2 
2 

1 
18 


559 









1 
26 

1 
1 
4 
1 
1 


Franklin 


52 
U 


Androscoggin 


4 
64 
26 


29' 

2 


9 




9 


5 


Graham 


Aroostook 


24 




Harvey 


S 
734 


■"'■592' 
4 


Cumberland 


6 


Carroll 






Jackson 


Franklm 


4 


Cass 






Johiison 


Hancock 


19 


30 
2 


2 


Clark 






Kearny 


4 

6 

42 

83 

4 


Koimebec 
















Knox 


8 
3 
351 
40 
3 






2 






26 

134 

8 

1 

21 


17 
16 

3 

10 

1 

13 

1 

1 

77 


Lincoln 










1 

1 


Leavenworth 


Penobscot 


291 
40 


387 








Linn 


Piscataquis 


37 


Dekalb 


G 






Somerset 






6 

1 

10 

1 
48 
3 




139 


Waldo 


8 

394 

2 

3 












Washington 


363 
11 

55 


89 


Flovd 






Neosho 


2 




York 


1 




3 

19 


47' 


Osace 


Maryland 














Ilamilton 


Pottawatomie 


19 
2 


30 


44 


Hendricks 


1 
9 
1 


4' 

1 


io 

1 






4 


Anne Anmdel 






1 






6 
3 
7 
14 

7 

1 




Baltimore City 


23 
15 


3 


10 




Sedgwick 




3 


Carroll 


1 




1 
6 


2 

1 




CecU 


23 








85 


45 
1 

22 
1 
4 
1 

23 


Charles 


1 




4 




Dorchester 






1 




1 






Frederick 


1 
3 
6 






f"* • • • 


19 


Wa.shinglon 


Montgomery 










1 
10 


Wilson 






Prince Georges 




2 








Woodson . . 






Talbot 


4 


MarshaU 


i' 




1 Wyandotte 


55 


55 


Worcester 


! 


1 



I Includes 4,004 Indians specially enumerated in 1890, not distributed by counties; and 2 Indians in Logan County, taken to form Lincoln County and part of Blaino 
County in 1N'.».^>. 

' ihrliiilrs 1 Indian specially enumerated in 1890, not credited to any comity. 
3 Includes :t'.i7 Indians specially enuincrutcd in 1890, not di.slributed by counties. 
< Includes im. Indians specially enumcraled in IS'JO, not dislriliutcd by counties. 
' Includes 1 Indian specially enumerated in lb90, not credited to any parish. 



POPULATION. 

INDIAN POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES, BY COUNTIES: 1910, 1900, AND 1890— Continued. 



27 



Table 11 — Continued. 

COCTNTT. 



Massachusetts. 



Barnstable . 
Berkshire. .. 

Bristol 

Dutes 

Essex 

Franklin... 
Hampden.. 
Hampshire. 
Middlesex . . 

Norfolk 

Plymouth.. 

Suflolk 

Worcester.. 



MicaiOAN. 



Alcona 

Alger 

Allegan 

Alpena 

Antrim 

Arenac 

Baraga 

Barry 

Bay 

Benzie 

Berrien 

Branch 

Calhoun 

Cass 

Charlevoix 

Cheboygan 

Chippewa 

Clare 

Clinton 

Crawford 

Delta 

Dickinson 

Eaton 

Emmet 

Genesee 

Gladwin 

Gogebic 

Grand Traverse. 

Gratiot 

Hillsdale 

Houghton 

Huron 

Ingham 

Ionia 

Iosco 

Iron 

Isabella 

Jackson 

Kalamazoo 

Kalkaska 

Kent 

Lake 

Lapeer 

Leelanau 

Lenawee 

Livingston 

Luce 

Mackinac 

Macomb 

Manistee , 

Marquette 

Mason 

Mecosta 

Menominee 

Midland 

Missaukee 

Monroe 

Montcalm , 

Montmorency 

Muskegon , 

Newaygo 

Oakland 

Oceana 

Ogemaw 

Ontonagon 

Osceola 

Oscoda 

Ottawa 

Presque Isle 

Roscommon 

Saginaw 

St. Clair 

St. Joseph 

Sanilac 

Schoolcraft 

Shiawassee 

Tuscola 

Van Buren 

Washtenaw 

Wayne 

Wexford 



1910 



688 



272 
1 

40 
147 



50 
28 

156 
8 
96 
99 

592 



119 

140 

26 

3 

68 
132 
334 
199 
690 

25 



19 

245 

15 



890 

1 

9 

35 

36 

2 



502 

2 

4 

74 

4 

4 

1 

454 

17 

1 

7 

990 

16 

24 

37 

308 

39 

101 



281 
42 
2 
21 



18 

4 

6 

141 

15 
1 



35 
3 
38 
112 
4 
41 
34 



1900 



587 



231 
3 
86 

154 
3 



38 
62 
106 



173 
118 
488 



162 

50 

6 

4 

83 

68 

321 

1S2 

449 

19 



4 
247 
54 



2 
61 

319 
38 

101 



250 
32 

27 
16 



130 
1 



32 



1890 



146 

9 

13 

133 

2 

1 

13 

3 

19 

8 

27 

29 

21 



184 
120 
287 
1 
92 



32 



71 

35 

222 

132 

441 

3 

1 

10 

217 



7 

914 

17 

10 

1 
35 





6 


56 


SO 


1 


2 


665 


355 




21 


46 


2 


2 




12 




13 


22 


515 


295 




13 




1 




1 


275 


227 



22 
56 

335 
44 

129 
4 
16 
14 



2 

32 

18 

10 

271 

4 
59 
24 

3 
51 
13 



232 
8 

11 
1 

42 



Minnesota . 



Aitkin 

Becker 

Beltrami 

Benton 

Big Stone 

Blue Earth 

Carlton 

Cass 

Chisago 

Clearwater 

Cook 

Crow Wing 

Dakota 

Dodge 

Douglas 

Freeborn 

Goodhue 

Heimcpin 

Hubbard 

Itasca 

Kanabec 

Kittson 

Koochiching 

Lac qui Parle 

Lake 

Le Sueur 

Lincoln 

Mahnomen 

Marshall 

Mille Lacs 

Morrison 

Murray 

Nicollet 

Otter Tail 

Pennington 

Pine 

Pipestone 

Polk 

Ramsey 

Redwood 

Renville 

Rice 

Roseau 

St. Louis 

Scott 

Sherburne 

Stearns 

Steele 

Stevens 

Swift 

Todd 

Traverse 

Wabasha 

Wadena 

Washington 

Winona 

Wright 

Yellow Medicine.. 



MISSISSIPPI. 



Adams 

Amite 

Attala 

Bolivar 

Carroll 

Choctaw 

Claiborne 

Clarke 

Clay 

Coahoma 

Copiah 

Covington 

Do Soto 

Franklin 

Greene 

Grenada 

Hancock 

Harrison 

Hinds 

Holmes 

Jackson 

Jasper 

Jefferson 

Jones 

Kemper 

Lauderdale... 

Leake 

Lee 

Leflore 

Marshall 

Monroe 

Montgomery.. 

Neshoba 

Newton 

Noxubee 

Oktibbeha..., 
Panola 



1910 



9,053 



54 
1,636 
1,402 



1 

394 

,172 

24 

250 

220 

17 

90 

2 

6 



56 
27 

1 
225 

3 
84 
97 



1,635 

1 

227 



7 
174 
220 

7 

10 

167 

1 



75 

628 

4 

5 



1,253 



102 
'249' 



484 
126 



1900 



» 9, 182 



138 

14 

1,415 



356 
1,429 



298 
38 
75 



65 

48 
3 
632 
37 
20 



32 



2,203 



1 
191 

1 
20 
178 



3S2 



573 

435 

1 



1890 



233 

178 



1 

135 
52 



156 


135 


110 




1 


16 


5 


12 


139 


101 




6 


38 




972 


44 


12 


35 



120 
3 
54 



18 



2,036 



37 
2 

39 
1 

14 
2 
1 
179 
2 
5 

34 

14 
435 



2 
023 
349 



Mississippi— Continued. 

Pearl River 

Perry 

Pike 

Rankin 

Scott 

Sharkey 

Smith 

Tallahatchie 

Tishomingo 

Warren 

Wayne 

Wilkinson 

Winston 

Yazoo 



Missouri. 



Atchison 

Audrain 

Barry 

Bates 

Bollinger 

Boone 

Buchanan 

Callaway 

Clark 

Clay 

Clinton 

Cole 

Cooper 

Crawford 

Dade 

Daviess 

Dekalb 

Greene 

Harrison 

Jackson 

Jasper 

Jefferson 

Johnson 

Lafayette 

Lawrence 

Lincoln 

Linn 

McDonald 

Macon 

Maries 

Marion 

Mercer 

MUler 

Mississippi 

Newton 

Nodaway 

Pettis 

Phelps 

Pike 

Platte 

Polk 

Ralls 

Randolph 

Ray 

St. Charles 

St. Francois 

St. Louis 

St. Louis City.. 
Ste. Genevieve. 

Saline 

Shannon 

Shelby 

Stoddard 

Stone 

Texas 

Vernon 

Warren 

Webster 

Wright 



Beaverhead 

Carbon 

Cascade 

Chouteau 

Custer 

Dawson 

Deer Lodge 

Fergus 

Flathead 

Granite 

Jefferson 

Lewis and Clark. 

Lincoln 

Madison 

Meagher 

Missoula 

Park 

Powell 



1910 



313 



1 
111 



10,745 



96 

1,209 

1 



6 
122 
344 

2 



105 
6 
24 



1,107 
3 
10 



1900 



7 
144 



31 



1890 



« 11,343 



1 

16 
443 

1,429 

1,357 

1 

2 

305 

35 



1,802 
2 



38 
2 
1 
123 
12 



7 

1 

41 

1 



5 128 



1 
1 
1 

8 
13 
2 



2 
1 
1 
1 

10 



2 

31 

1 

1 



11,206 



20 
190 
159 
56 
21 
88 



7 
121 



11 
14 

165 

7 



* Includes 4 Indians specially enumerated in 1890, not distributed by counties. 

2 Includes 1 Indian specially enumerated in 1890, not credited to any county , and 56 Indians in Manitou County , annexed to Charlevoix and Leelanau Counties in 1896. 

3 Includes 2,883 Indians on White Earth Indian Reservation, not returned by counties in 1900; returned in 1910 in Becker, Clearwater, and Mahnomen Coimties. 

* Includes 8,208 Indians specially enumerated in 1890, not distributed by counties. 
5 Includes 1 Indian specially enumerated in 1890, not credited to any county. 

8 Includes 1,857 Indians on Crow Indian Reservation, not returned by counties in 1900; returned in 1910 in Rosebud and Yellowstone Counties. 
' Includes 8,0.59 Indians specially enumerated in 1890, not distributed by coimties, and 2,287 Indians on Crow Indian Reservation, not returned by counties in 1890; 
returned in 1910 in Rosebud and Yellowstone Counties. 



28 INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 

INDIAN POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES, BY COUNTIES: 1910, 1900, AND 1890— Continued. 



Table 1 1— Continued. 
cotmiY. 


1910 


1900 


1890 


COUNTY. 


1910 


1900 


1S90 


COUNTY. 

• 


1910 


1900 


1890 


Montana— Continued. 


14 

2,758 

179 

1 

2C. 

2,489 

1,774 

402 

3,502 


14 





New Mexico— Continued. 
Lincoln 


13 

8,270 

7 

444 

1,370 

2,847 

11 

2,839 

353 

140 

632 

21 

2 

2,400 

6,046 






North Carolina— Contd. 
Hertford 




8 












Iredell 




7 








Mora 


8 

4S7 

1,275 

1,760 

14 


25 

499 

1 
45 


Jackson 


450 


340 
1 


314 




14 

74 

2,000 

1,793 

13 

3,322 


1 



■6,431 


Otero 


McDowell 






Rio Arriba 


Mafon 




1 










7 




■\- alley 


San M igiiel 


Mitchell 




2 








5 
10 
10 

1 










990 
130 
510 


589 

14 

505 


Moore . . 




15 










Nebraska 






i 


1 




2 

54 


8 
45 


107 
1 
5 
2 
1 
39 
1 
3 








Boyd 












1 


Burt 




3,177 
5,257 


3,374 
< 6,044 








1 


Cedar 


New York 


Polk 






2 


Cherry 


70 


14 




5,895 


3,877 




Clay, 


Rockingham 


2 


Dakota 


1 

28 
1 

15 
14 

1 


ii" 


Albany 


11 




2 
6 

1 
5 
6 
24 
27 
5 
7 


Rowan 




i' 


1 
6 




Allegany 




213 

74 
812 




Broome 


4 

1,013 

1 

83 

8 


"i,'i64' 
19 

27 




134 

875 




Dixon 


4 

7 


3 


Cattaraugus 




700 
4 


Douglas 


Cayuga 




Gage 


Chautauqua 










Gosper 


1 




Chemung 




24 
3 
21 






Holt 


1 


Chenango 








Keith 




1 

625 

3 
201 

i 

1 
1 


Clinton 


4 
1 
1 


5 








Kimball 




5 
961 

2 
209 

6 


Columbia 




1 




Knox 


925 

13 

334 

6 


Cortland 




7 
1 
3 
8 
17 
8 
2 
1 
8 










Delaware 


North Dakota 


6,486 


6,968 










1 

1,265 

2 

1,202 

9 

347 

26 






Erie 


1,170 
'"i,'388 


6 8,174 




Essex 

Franklin 


Benson 






89 


22 


1,026 


1,181 

1 

5 

4 

50 


8 












2 
1,915 

1 

5,240 






439 

21 

8 

33 

146 




82 

5 

183 

237 

6 

1 

3 

630 

134 

1,288 

88 


8 




1,955 


1,898 




Cass 


2 




Hftrkimf"" 


Cavalier 


9 


^ 


5,216 


2 5, 156 




42 

5 

7 


25 
62 
33 
3 

84 
23 

1 


Dunn 










14 

""980' 

40 

'1,911 


14 




Lewis 


Grand Forks 


21 






14 

60 

34 

1 

10 

194 

397 

42 

543 

1 

12 

7 

1 

3 




2 


Chnrrhill 


231 
233 
292 
603 
628 
121 
647 

94 
114 
285 
523 
449 

71 
750 
199 

34 


262 


230 


Madison 


McLean 














55 

807 
832 
179 
526 
160 
296 
307 
372 
234 
113 
860 
207 

22 


117 

301 

406 

194 1 

425 i 

382 

355 

4i4 

134 
100 
303 
238 

16 


Montgomery 


Morton 


'5 


Elko 




Mountrail 








24 
347 

29 
478 

7 


52 

5 

62 

22 

3 

7 


Keison 




1 








3S6 
8 
125 
2,129 
49 
3 
3 
13 


98 

2 

5 

2,546 

42 
2 
1 


20 




Oneida 


Ramsey 


1 




Onondaga 


Richland 








Rolelte 






Orange 


Sargent 




Nye 










Otsego 


i' 

1 
3 
10 
4 
1 

■■"'ios' 


1 
30 
3 
17 
25 
1 

13 
1 
1 
2 
SO 


Towner 








\Valsh 




Wflshoe 




Ward 


_9 
77 

42 








81 
25 




87 
127 








Omo 




New Hampshire 


Schenectady 


'206 


Belknap 

Carroll 

Cheshire 


1 
1^ 


i' 

10 


i 

1 


Schuyler 

Seneca 

Steuben 

Suffolk 


11 

3' 

246 


Allen 

Ashtabula 

Athens 


2' 


i' 


2 

i 


Grafton 

Hillsborough 

Merrimack 

Rockingham 


is' 

"'"2' 


2' 

e' 

63 


1 
5 

1 

84 


Tioga 

Tompkins 

Ulster 

Warren 


3 

i' 

17 


i" 

1 

37 


3 

42 

9 

4 

4 

'1,516 


Brown 

Butler 

Clark 

Clermont 


5' 

1 
1 




1 

5 
2 




168 


Wavne 


4 
13 
2 

7,851 


11 


5,687 


Clinton 


48' 


i 
2 


i 
5 


New Jersey 


Westchester 


Erie 


2 


Atlantic 


8 
8 
16 
9 


4 


7 




Fairfield 


4 
13 
1 
2 
11 


ii' 

2 




Bergen 




3 


Burlington 


19 
3 


15 

7 
5 
2 
1 
6 
1 
19 






7 


Camden 






2 

1 

7 




14 


Cape May 




4 
36 

1 


2 

1 

12 




6 


Essex 


13 


5 






12 




22 


Gloucester 






1 


Hudson 


6 
4 

88 
5 
3 

1 


2' 

25 










1 


Hunterdon 




9 
31 
12 

48 

1 








1 


Mercer 




37 
257 

1 


47 
28 






3 




Middlesiex 






1 




Monmouth 


3 


18 






2 
5 


g 


Passaic 






1 


3 


Somerset 


i 
1 


3 




4 




3 

1 

1 

1 

151 

2 

7 

1 

27 




2 


Union 


4 
3 

20,573 








4 






Warren 












4 




13,144 


3 15,044 














2 










Miami 






1 






157 


127 






2 

i 

2 

4 


9 




1,192 
11 
2 
3 
4 


4,758 
16 

i' 

6 


3,469 
18 






13 

1 
1 


6 


CoKax 


C nil ford 




1 


Noble 












1 






29 
6 




Paulding 


IS 


Guadalupe 


Haywood 


Pickaway 




2 



' Includes 3,538 Indians specially enumerated in 1890, not disfrihuted by counties. 
* Includes 1,557 Indians specially enumerated in 1890, not distributed by counties. 
3 Includes 0.490 Indians spe<'ially enumerated in 1800, not distributed by counties. 
< Includes 5,318 Indians specially enumerated in 1890, not distributed by counties, 
f- Includes 2 Indians specially enumerated in 1890, not credited to any county. 

« Includes 7,'.iso Indians specially enumerated in 1890, not distributed by counties; and 103 Indians in counties that were annexed to or taken to form other counties 
between 1890 and r.iuo. 

' Includes l,',i(io Indians on that part of Standing Rock Indian Resen-alion which was in North Dakota, not returned by counties in 1900. 
« Includes 2 Indi:insnn part of Standing Itoik Indian Keservalion, not returned by countit'S in 1890. 
» Includes l.'i Indians specially enumerated in ls90, not distributed by counties. 



POPULATION. 29 

INDIAN POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES, BY COUNTIES: 1910, 1900, AND 1890— Contimieil. 



Table 11 — Continued. 

COUNTY. 



Ohio — Continued. 

I'ortase 

Preble 

Putnam 

Ross 

Simdusky 

Scioto 

Shelby 

Summit 

Tuscarawas... 

Union 

\'an Wert 

Warren 

Washington.. 

Wood 

Wyandot 



1910 



OELAnOMA. 



Adair 

.\toka 

Beckham. - 

Blaine 

Bryan 

Caddo 

Canadian. . 

Carter 

Cherokee . . 
Choctaw... 
Cimarron. . 
Cleveland.. 

Coal 

Comanche . 

■Craig 

Creek 

'Custer 

Delaware. . 

Dewey 

Ellis 

Garfield... 

■Garvin 

Grady 

Greer 

Harper 

Haskell.. 



74.825 



3,876 

963 

30 

l.flOl 

1,979 

1,607 

409 

9.57 

4.316 

1,343 

1 

377 

610 

1.332 

3,294 

710 

335 

3,604 

224 

4 

3 

1,106 

881 



1900 



164, 145 



7 
1.000 

Hughes ■ 1.434 

Jackson j 1 

Jefferson 179 

Johnston 919 

Kay 1.003 

Kineflsher 120 

Kio-n'a ! 612 

Latimer I 6.34 

LeFlore ^ 1,331 

Lincoln i 236 

Logan 10 

Love 5.50 

McClain 434 

McCurtain , 2,536 

Mcintosh 1 2.418 

Marshall ' 796 

Mayes | 3,122 

Murray ' 474 

Muscogee 2, SS6 

416 

1,766 

733 

112 

1,169 

1,468 

2,361 

670 

66 

1,408 

8% 

1,198 

924 

63 

3,126 

1,629 

2,876 

443 

1,381 

987 

1,131 

169 

7 

5,090 



Noble. 

Nowata 

Okfuskee 

Oklahoma 

■Okmulgee 

Osage 

Ottawa 

Pawnee 

Payne 

Pittsburg 

Pontotoc 

Pottawatomie. 
Pushmataha.. 

Roger Mills 

Rogers 

LSemlnole 

Sequoyah 

Stephens 

Tulsa 

Wagoner 

Washington... 

Washita 

Woodward 



Oeeook. 



Baker 

Benton 

Clackamas. . 

Clatsop 

ColtunDia. . 

Coos 

Crook 

Curry 

Douglas 



6 
1 

1S6 
451 
149 
164 



1S90 



' 64, 456 



621 



301 



469 
141 



334 
5 



546 
81 



4,951 



61 
537 
127 
124 



1 

14 
53 
29 
3 
114 
1 
121 
120 



Oregon— Continued. 

Ciilliaiu 

Grant 

Harney 

Hood River 

Jackson 

Josephine 

Klamath 

Lake 

Lane 

Lincoln 

I. inn 

Malheiu" 

Marion 

Morrow 

Multnomah 

Polk 

Sherman 

Tillamook 

Umatilla 

Union 

Wasco 

Washington 

Yamhill 



Pennsylvani.4. 



.\dams 

Allegheny 

.\rmstrong 

Berks 

Blair 

Bradford 

Bucks 

Butler 

Cambria 

Carbon 

Cent«r 

Chester 

Clearfield 

Columbia 

Crawford 

Cumberland 

Dauphin 

Delaware 

Elk 

Eric 

Forest 

Franklin 

Huntingdon 

Indiana 

Lackawanna 

Lancaster 

Lawrence 

Lebanon 

I^high 

Luzerne 

Lycoming 

McKean 

Mifflin 

Montgomery 

Northampton 

Northumberland . 

Philadelphia 

Pike 

Potter 

Schuylkill 

Somerset 

Venango 

Warren 

Washington 

Westmoreland 

Wyoming 

Yo'rk 



Rhode Isl.ind. 



Bristol 

Kent 

Newport 

Providence . . 
Washington. 



South Caeolin.i. 



Abbeville 

Aiken 

Barnwell 

Charleston. . , 

Cherokee 

Chesterfield. . 

CoUeton 

Darlington . . 

Dillon 

Dorchester., 

Edgefield 

Florence 

Greenville . . 

Horry 

Lancaster... 



1910 



5 

2 

63 

15 

3 

37 

1,026 

75 

35 

436 

1 

39 

604 

6 

45 

133 

1 

19 

963 

1 

379 

3 

205 

1.503 



1900 



2 


28 


22 




1,037 


23 


35 


■ 42 


40 


63 


465 




1 


8 


48 


91 


503 


219 



39 

1 

3 

1 

1,027 

10 

14 



284 



1 

7 

14 

212 

30 

331 



10 



16 

150 

1 

53 
995 



1,015 



234 
2 
1 



85 



35 



1S90 



2 

2 

10 

166 

1 



3 
1 

370 
4 

13 
2 
2 



4 
1 

44 
2 

17 

2 

1 

258 



9 
60 
111 



South Carolina— Contd. 

Lee 

Lexington 

Marion 

Marlboro 

Oconee 

Richland 

Spartanburg 

Sumter 

Williamsburg 

York 



1910 



South Dakota. 



Armstrong 

Aurora 

Beadle 

Bemiett 

Bonhomme 

Brown 

Brule 

Buflalo 

Campbell 

Charles MLx 

Clay 

Corson 

Custer 

Davison 

Day 

Dewey 

Gregory 

Hughes 

Hutchinson 

Hyde 

Lawrence 

Lincoln 

Lyman 

MarshaU 

Meade 

Mellette 

Minnehaha 

Moody 

Peimtngton 

Perkins 

Roberts 

Sanborn 

Schnasse 

Stanley 

Sterling 

Todd 

Tripp 

Turner 

Yankton 

Pine Ridge Indian Res.' 



Tennessee. 



Anderson 

Bedford 

Blount 

Bradley 

Campbell 

Cannon 

Cheatham . . . 

Claiborne 

Cocke 

Davidson 

Dekalb 

Dickson 

Dyer 

Fayette 

Giles 

Grainger 

Greene 

Grundy 

Hamblen 

Hamilton 

Hawkins . . , 

Haywood 

Jackson 

James 

Jefferson 

Knox 

Lake 

Lawrence. . . 

Loudon 

McMiim 

Macon 

Madison 

Marion 

Maury 

Meigs 

Monroe 

Overton 

Polk 

Rhea 

Roane 

Robertson.. 
Rutherford. 
Seciuatchie. 



112 

19, 137 



61 

5 20,225 



624 

1 

1 

92 

10 



26 

792 

8 

1,345 



1,808 

16 

4 

144 

989 
300 
169 



40 
5 

59 

405 

263 

5 

1,578 

5 

178 

62 

1 

942 



250 

117 

219 

1,928 

490 

1 

6 

6,254 

216 



1900 



1890 



29 



104 
1,052 



1,483 



474 
367 



7 
443 
81 



833 
1 



1 
21 
2 
1 
2 



1 

61 



1 

1,509 



103 



28 
1 



109 
13 
1 
1 
2 



4 

147 



392 
52 



5 
1 
1 
4 
1 
1 
1 
12 



ID 
5 
2 

1 



■ Includes 52,500 Indians In Indian Territory, and 5,860 Indians on Indian reservations in Oklahoma. 

» Includes 51,279 Indians In Indian Territory, and 13,167 Indians specially enumerated in Oklahoma, not distributed by counties. 

3 Includes 3,713 Indians specially enumerated in 1890, not distributed by counties. 

' Includes 98 Indians specially enumerated in 1S90, not distributed by counties. j o* i- ™ 

s Includes 2,182 Indians on Cheyenne River Indian Reservation, not returned by counties m 1900; returned m 1910 as Armstrong, Dewey, Schnasse, ana bterimg 
Counties; 4,835 Indians on Rosebud Indian Reservation, not returned by counties in 1900; returned ui 1910 as Bennett, Mellette, Todd, and Washabaugh Counties; 
and 1,627 Indians on that part of Standing Rock Indian Reservation which was in South Dakota, not returned by counties m 1900, taken to form t_orson County m 1909. 

' Includes 19 072 Indians specially enumerated m 1890, not distributed by counties; 8 Indians m Nowlin County, annexed to Stanley m 1899; and 1 Indian m ^.lebacn 
<;ounty, annexed to Pennington in 1899. 

I Comprising Shannon, Washington, and parts of Bennett and Washabaugh Counties, but division by coimties can not be made. 



80 INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 

INDIAN POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES, BY COUNTIES: 1910, 1900, AND 1890— Continued. 



Table 1 1— Continued. 

COUNTY. 



Tennessee— Continued. 

Sevier 

Shelby 

Smith 

Stewart 

Sumner 

Tipton 

Union 

Van Buren 

Washington 

Weakley 

White 



Texas.. 



Atascosa.. 
Bandera.. 
Bastrop.. 
Bee.. 



Bexar 

Bowie 

Brazoria 

Brazos 

Brewster 

Burnet 

Caldwell 

Cameron 

Cass 

Chambers 

Cherokee 

Clay 

Coke 

Collin 

Cooke 

Dallas 

Deaf Smith. . . 

Delta 

Denton 

Donley 

Eastland 

El Paso 

Erath 

Fannin 

Fayette 

Franklin 

Freestone 

Galveston 

Gillespie 

Gonzales 

Gravson 

Gregg 

Guadalupe. . . 

Hansford 

Hardeman 

Harris 

Harrison 

Hays 

Henderson 

Hidalgo 

Hill 

Hopkins 

Houston 

Hunt 

Iron 

Jefl Davis 

Jefferson 

Kaufman 

Kerr 

Kinney 

Lamar 

Lavaca 

Liberty 

Limestone 

Llano 

McLennan 

Madison 

Marion 

Matagorda 

Medina 

Milam 

Montague 

Montgomery.. 

Morris 

Nacogdoches. 

Navarro 

Nolan 

Nueces 

Orange 

Polk 

Randall 

Red River 

Runnels 

Rusk 

Sabine 

San Jacinto. . . 

San Saba 

Schleicher 

Smith 

Stonewall 

Tarrant 

Taylor 

Tom Green... 

Travis 

Trinity 

Tyler 

Upshur 



1910 



2 

200 

3 



202 
1 



1900 



2 
•jj 

'isa 



1S90 



4 

223 



17 
1 

1 

3 
2 
5 
1 



TEXAS— Continued. 

Val Verde 

Walker 

Waller 

Washington 

Webb 

Wharton 

Wichita 

Williamson 

Wise 

Wood 



Utah.. 



Beaver 

Bo-x Elder. 

Cache 

Carbon 

Davis 

Emery 

Garfie'ld... 

Iron 

Juab 

Kane 

Millard.... 

Piute 

Rich 

Salt Lake. . 
San Juan.. 



Sevier. , 

Summit 

Tooele 

Uinta 

Utah 

Wasatch 

Washington.. 

Wayne 

Weber 



Addison 

Bennington. . 
Chittenden. . . 

Essex 

Franklin 

Orleans 

Rutland 

Washington.. 
Windsor 



ViRQINU. 



Amherst 

Bristol city 

Carroll 

Charles Citv 

Chesterfield 

Culpeper 

Dinwiddie 

Elizabeth City 

Essex 

Fredericksburg city . 

Goochland 

Grayson 

Hanover 

Henrico 

King and Queen 

King William 

Lee 

New Kent 

Norfolk 

Northampton 

Pittsylvania 

Portsmouth city 

Prince tJeorge 

Prince William 

Pulaski 

Richmond city 

Roanoke 

Southampton 

Staunton city 

Washington.' 

Williamsburg city . . 
Wythe 



Washington. 



Asotin 

Benton . . . 
Chchalis.. 

Chelan 

Clallam... 

Clarke 

Cowlitz... 
Douglas... 

Ferry 

Franklin.. 
Garfield... 

Grant 

Island . . . . 
Jefferson.. 

King 

Kitsap 

Kittitas... 
Klickitat.. 



1910 



3,123 



24 

150 

1 



14 



2 

47 

1,029 

1 

141 

97 

4 

7 

26 



1 
1 
1 

539 



113 
1 



ISO 
64 

112 
37 



10,997 



84 



814 

7 



8 
108 
262 
358 
357 
36 
214 



1900 



2,623 



34 

188 

1 

1 

7 



471 
15 
4 



71 
1,313 



155 

118 

7 



354 



108 



152 



10,039 



337 
138 
733 
20 
71 
1 
720 



44 
221 
334 

281 
105 
169 



3 
2 3,456 



173 
1 



34 



349 



1 

1 

111 

1 



1 

1 

3 

3 

4 

137 

1 

10 

43 

1 



8 11,181 



171 
44 
38 



141 
195 

364 

207 

160 

SO 



WASHraoTON— Cortlnued. 

Lewis 

Lincoln 

Mason 

Okanogan 

Pacific 

Pierce 

San Juan 

Skagit 

Skamania 

Snohomish 

Spokane 

Stevens 

Thurston 

Wahkiakum 

Walla Walla 

Whatcom 

Whitman 

Yakima 



West Virginia.. 



Berkeley 

Cabell 

Hampshire.. 

Lewis 

Logan 

McDowell. . . 

Nicholas 

Preston 

Putnam 

Tucker 



Wisconsin. . 



Adams 

Ashland 

Barron 

Bayfield 

Brown 

Burnett 

Calumet 

Chippewa 

Clark 

Columbia 

Crawford 

Dane 

Dodge 

Door 

Douglas 

Dunn 

Eau Claire 

Fond du Lac. . 

Forest 

Green Lake . . . 

Iowa 

Iron 

Jackson 

Juneau 

Kenosha 

La Crosse 

Langlade 

Lincoln 

Manitowoc 

Marathon 

Marinette 

Marquette 

Milwaukee 

Monroe 

Oconto 

Oneida 

Outagamie 

Pierce 

Polk 

Racine 

Richland 

Rock 

Rusk 

Sauk 

Sawyer 

Shawano 

Sheboygan 

Trempealeau. . 

Vernon 

VUas 

Walworth 

Washburn 

Washington... 

Waukesha 

Waupaca 

Waushara 

Winnebago 

Wood 



Wyoming.. 



Albany 

Carbon. 

Crook 

Fremont 

Johnson 

Laramie 

Natrona 

Park 

Sheridan 

Sweetwater. 

Uinta 

Weston 



1910 



287 
823 
235 
542 
212 
479 

62 
799 

25 
854 
177 

91 

15 

658 

9 

1,873 



10,142 



2 

,096 

54 

458 

876 

238 

237 

67 

29 

14 

23 

20 

17 

9 

264 



17 

35 

148 

2 

6 

28 

230 

16 

1 

37 

82 

68 

2 

26 

152 

35 

17 

369 

219 

78 

,136 

iis 



10 

25 

568 



151 
1 
3 

1 



21 
108 



1 

2 

1,463 



1900 



85 

11 

230 

886 

212 

601 

226 

679 

79 

594 

2 

901 

134 

31 

30 

519 



1,745 
12 



1 

3 

8,372 



53 
887 

25 
494 
703 
151 
257 
102 

51 
9 



133 



16 
162 



197 
49 



22 



18 
202 



4 

276 

253 

70 

999 



113 
1 

14 



2 

921 

1,768 

5 



22 

259 

1 

90 



22 
10 

1,686 



1890 



81 
22 
13 

104 
44 
76 
32 

248 
31 

311 
87 

340' 
90 
41 
10 

269- 

102 
68 



< 9,930 



60 
18 
40 
304 
732 
81 
165 
134 



18 

6 

11 

22 

183 

2 

13 

12 

119 



1 
44 



13 
S 



65 
128 



8 
25 
48 
29 
943 
1 
114 



7 
390 



12 



1 
2 
2 
44 

2 



10 
3 
14 



1 Includes 4 Indians specially enumerated In 1S90, not distributed by counties. 

2 Includes 2,848 Indians specially enumerated in 1S90, not distributed by counties. 
> Includes 7,526 Indians specially enumerated In 181X), not distributed by counties. 



< Includes 6,095 Indians specially enumerated in 1R90, not distributed by counties. 
^ Includes 1,801 Indians specially enumerated in 1890, not distributed by counties. 



PROPORTION OF MIXED-BLOODS. 



FuU-hlood and mixed-hlood Indians. — The Thir- 
teenth Census was the first at wliich any returns worthy 
of tabulation were secured as to the proportion of 
full-bloods and mixed-bloods in the Indian popula- 
tion. Table 12 presents a summary of the results of 
this inquiry. 



Table 12 


INDUN population: 1910. 


CLASS. 


United States. 


Alaska. 




Number, 


Per cent 
of total. 


Number. 


Per cent 
of total. 


Total 


265.683 


100.0 


25,331 


100.0 






Full blood . . 


150,053 
93,423 

SS,030 

2,255 

1,793 

80 

1,265 

22,207 


56.5 

35.2 

33.1 

0.8 

0.7 

(=) 

0.5 

8.4 


21,444 
3,887 
3,843 


84.7 




15.3 


White and Indian > 


15.2 


■MpfT-n and Tnfiinn 












43 

1 


0.2 


MiTtnrp nnlmnwn 


m 











> Includes Mexican and Indian. 



' Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent. 



According to Table 12, of all the Indians in the 
United States in 1910, 56.5 per cent were fuU-bloods 
and 35.2 per cent mixed-bloods, while for 8.4 per cent 
the information on this point was not given. More 
than four-fifths (18,546) of the 22,207 Indians in the 
last-mentioned group were those scattered among the 



white population, who were reported only on the gen- 
eral population schedule; the majority of these were 
probably mixed-bloods. 

Of the 93,423 Indians reported as mixed-bloods, 
88,030, or considerably more than nine-tenths, repre- 
sented a niLxture of white and Indian, 2,255 of Negro 
and Indian, and 1,793 of white, Negro, and Indian, 
while 80 represented other mixtures, and for 1,265 the 
kind of mixture was not reported. 

In Alaska 84.7 per cent of the Indians were of full 
blood and 15.3 per cent of mixed blood; almost all the 
mixed-bloods were a mixture of white and Indian, the 
remaining few representing a mixture of Indian with 
Chinese and Japanese blood. 

A summary by divisions and states of the number 
of Indians, distributed according to sex, with distinc- 
tion as far as possible of full-bloods and mixed-bloods, 
is given in Table 26 (p. 45). Table 13 presents the 
number and percentage of full-bloods and mixed- 
bloods among Indians for whom special schedules were 
secured, for each of the 22 states which had at least 
1,000 resident Indians in 1910. The proportion of 
fuU-bloods in the Indian population is also shown 
graphically for those states having at least 100 Indians 
reported on the special Indian schedule in the follow- 
ing map : 



PROPORTION OF FULL-BLOODS IN THE INDIAN POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES: 1910. 




32 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 




I Exclusive of 591 Indians in HaslceU Institute, who are induded in the total 
for "All other states." 

In each of five adjoiuing states — Xew Mexico, 
Utah, Arizona, Colorado, and Nevada — which com- 
prise a large part of the interior arid plateau, the pro- 
portion of full-bloods among the Indians exceeded 
85 per cent. Iowa and Mississippi, where the Sauk 
and Fox and the Choctaw tribes, respectively, have 
preserved a high degree of purity, were the only other 
states with at least 100 Indians in which more than 



85 per cent of the Indians were full-bloods. Other 
states in which the proportion of full-bloods was at 
least 70 per cent were California, Idaho, South Da- 
kota, and TTyoming. The proportion was between 
55 and 70 per cent in Louisiana, Montana, Nebraska, 
Ohio, Oregon, and Washington; and between 40 and 
55 per cent in Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, New 
York, North Dakota, Texas, Pennsylvania, and "Wis- 
consin. The proportion of full-bloods was frequently 
higher in the states with a large Indian population; 
a notable exception is Oklahoma, which has by far 
the largest number of Indians, but reported a smaU 
proportion of full-bloods, 36.6 per cent. This low 
proportion in Oklahoma is no doubt due in part to 
the fact that the possession of valuable lands by the 
Indians encourages intermarriages between whites 
and Indians, and that persons with very little Indian 
blood are anxious to establish their claims as mem- 
bers of the Indian tribes, in order that thej- may be 
entitled to participate m the distribution of lands and 
moneys belonging to the Five Civilized Tribes in 
Oklahoma. 

The number of Indians in each stock and tribe in 
the United States and Alaska is distributed m detail 
accordmg to purity of blood, sex, and age in Tables 
51 (p. 123), and 52 (p. 154). Thefollowmg table shows 
the number and proportion of full-bloods and mixed- 
bloods in each of the principal stocks and tribes, and 
for certam tribes in each of the priucipal states, as 
reported in 1910: 



DISTRIBUTION OF INDIANS ACCORDING TO PURITY OF BLOOD, FOR EACH PRINCIPAL STOCK, TRIBE, 

STATE: 1910. 

[This table shows each stock and tribe having 200 or more Indians in 1910.] 



AND 



TaMe 14 


INDUNS EEPOHTED ON SPECIAL SCHEDULE: 1910. 


STOCK, TRIBE, AND 
STATE. 


INDIANS REPORTED ON SPECLIL SCHEDtJLE: 1910. 


STOCK, TRIES, AND 
STATE. 


Number. 


Per cent of total. 


Number. 


Per cent of total. 


Total. 


Full 
blood. 


MLxed 
blood. 


Blood 
not re- 
ported. 


Full 
blood. 


MLxed 
blood. 


Blood 
not re- 
ported. 


Total. 


Full 
blood. 


MLxed 
blood. 


Blood 
not re- 
ported. 


Full 
blood. 


Mixed 
blood. 


Blood 
not re- 
ported. 



mSriTED STATES. 



ALOONQUIAN STOCK... 


40,975 


18,396, 


22,319 


260 


44.9 


54.5 


0.6 


ALGONOCIAN STOCK— 

Continued. 
Pa.ssamaquoddy 


386 

266 

2,208 

2,440 

819 

461 

806 

245 

724 

257 

347 

1,338 

533 

30,406 


295 

85 
1,214 
960 
319 
281 
115 
227 
547 
245 
260 
535 
184 

28,264 


91 
181 
1,053 
1,478 
500 
1.80 
749 

18 
171 

12 

81 
800 
340 

1,045 


i' 

2 

2" 

6 

6 

3 
9 

1,097 


76.4 
32.0 
53.5 
39.3 
38.9 
61.0 
13.3 
92.7 
73.6 
95.3 
74.9 
40.0 
34.5 

93.0 


23.6 
68.0 
46.4 
60.6 
61.1 
39.0 
86.5 

7.3 
23.6 

4.7 
23.3 
59.8 
63.8 

a 4 




Arapaho 


1,419 

685 

703 

3,055 

1,346 

1,522 

133 

20,214 

3,725 

8,234 

486 

2,966 

134 

4,299 

459 

309 

914 

510 

348 

211 

115 

206 

1,422 

226 

123 

2.717 

2,454 

170 


1,311 

621 

661 

2,662 

1,181 

1,379 

74 

6,970 

1,558 

3,595 

84 

58 

31 

1,601 

40 

35 

279 

390 

240 

112 

126 

1 

704 

59 

22 

1,720 

1,6154 

12 


108 

54 

42 

319 

97 

139 

57 

13, 138 

2,152 

4,629 

402 

2,829 

103 

2,696 

418 

273 

633 

119 

107 

99 

8 

205 

716 

166 

100 

997 

790 

158 


74' 

68 
4 
2 
108 
15 
10 

79' 

2 

1 
1 
2 
1 

1 

i" 

2" 

1 
1 


92.4 
90.7 
94.0 
87.1 
87.7 
90.6 
55.6 
34.5 
41.8 
43.7 
17.3 

2.0 
23.1 
37.2 

8.7 
11.3 
30.5 
76.5 
69.0 
53.1 
93.3 

0.5 
49.5 
26.1 
17.9 
6.3.3 
i 67.8 

! 7.1 


7.6 
9.3 
6.0 
10.4 
7.2 
9.1 

42.9 
65.0 
57.8 
56.2 
82.7 
95.4 
76.9 
62.7 
91.1 
SS.3 
69.3 
2.3.3 
30.7 
46.9 
5.9 
99.5 
50.4 
73.5 
81.3 
36.7 
32.2 
92.9 


2.4 

5.1 
0.3 
1.5 
0.5 
0.4 
0.1 

2.7 

0.2 
0.3 

0.2 
0.2 
0.3 

0.7 

o.'i 

0.4 
0.8 




Oklahoma 

Wyoming 

Cheyenne 




Piegan 


(') 




0.1 


Kansas 




Oklahoma 

South Dakota 

Chippewa 

Michigan . .. 






Oklahoma 


0.2 






Sauk and Fox 


0.8 








Oklahoma 


1.7 




Shawnee 


0.2 


Pennsylvania 


Stockbridges 

ATHAPASKAN STOCK... 

Apache 


1.7 


Cree 


3.6 




4,973 

4,652 

271 

639 

694 

424 

22,455 

11.001 

10,354 

1,039 

383 

227 


3,801 

3,491 

26;i 

345 

694 

411 

22,304 

10, '.1110 

10. 322 

1,1)34 

223 

82 


127 

116 

8 

294 


1,045 
1,045 


76.4 
75.0 
97.0 
54.0 
100.0 
96.9 
99.3 
99.1 
99.7 
99.5 
5S.2 
36.1 


2.6 
2.5 
3.0 

46.0 


21.0 


Oros Ventres 


22.5 








Tlupa 






Jicarilla Apache 

Mescalero Apache 

Navajo 

Arizona 

New Mexico 

Utah 

Rogue River 

Wailaki 




Mashpee 


13 
99 
40 
32 
5 
160 
145 


52' 

52 

::;::::: 


3.1 
0.4 
0.4 
0.3 
0.5 
41.8 
63.9 






0.2 


Miami 


0.5 


Oklahoma 

Ottawa 




Michitjan 

Oklahoma 





' Less than one-leiilh of I per cent. 



PROPORTION OF MIXED-BLOODS. 



33 



DISTRIBUTION OF INDIANS ACCORDING TO PURITY OF BLOOD, FOR EACH PRINCIPAL STOCK, TRIBE, AND 

STATE: 1910— Continued. 

(This table shows each stock and tribe having 200 or more Indians in 1910.) 



Table 14— Contd. 


INDIANS REPORTED ON SPECIAL SCHEDULE: 1910. 


STOCK, TRIBE, AND 
STATE. 


INDUNS REPORTED ON SPECUL SCHEDULE: 1910. 


STOCK, TRIBE, AND 
STATE. 


Number. 


Per cent of total. 


Number. 


Per cent of total. 


Total. 


Full 
blood. 


Mixed 
blood. 


Blood 
not r&- 
ported. 


Full Mixed 
blood, blood. 


Blood 

not re- 
ported. 


Total. 


Full 
blood. 


Mi.xed 
blood. 


Blood 
not re- 
ported. 


Full 
blood. 


Mbced 
blood. 


Blood 
not re- 
ported. 



■UNITED STATES— Continued. 



Caddoan stock 


1,863 


1,«74 


277 


12 


84.5 


14.9 


0.6 


MUSKHOGEAN STOCK . . 

Alibamu 


29,191 


13,625 


15,321 


245 


1 46.7 


52.5 


0.8 


Arikara 


444 
462 
633 
318 

306 


372 
336 
544 
308 

286 


72 
116 
77 
10 

20 


12" 


8.3.8 
74.3 
85.9 
96.9 

93.5 


16.2 

25.7 

12.2 

3.1 

6.5 


i.'g 


298 

111 

187 

4,204 

15,917 

115 

1,162 

14,551 

6,945 

185 

6,654 

1,729 

1,503 

200 

8,607 


288 

101 

187 

1,128 

7,094 

81 

1,075 

5,934 

3,730 

4 

3,702 

1,289 

1,227 

38 

8,344 


6 
6 


4 
4 


96.6 
91.0 
100.0 
26.8 
44.6 
70.4 
92.5 
40.8 
63.7 
2.2 
65.6 
74.6 
81.6 
19.0 

90.9 


2.0 
5.4 


1.3 






3.6 




Texas 




Wichita 




3,075 

8,715 

13 

78 

8,539 

3,131 

181 

2,872 

392 

228 

162 

167 


1 

108 

21 

9 

78 
84 

so" 

48 
48 

96 


73.1 
64.8 
11.3 
6.7 
68.7 
45.1 
97.8 
43.2 
22.7 
15.2 
81.0 

1.9 


(') 




Choctaw 


0.7 






18.3 




Mississippi 


0.8 




259 
897 


240 
459 


19 
436 


2 


92.7 
51.2 


7.3 
48.6 


0.2 


0.5 




Creek 










Alabama 






Oklahoma 


1.2 




Seminole 


2.8 


Chinook 


315 
125 
177 
242 
184 
274 

5,865 


1 53 

12 

41 

159 

134 

216 

458 


261 
112 
136 
83 
50 
67 

5,372 


1 
1 

i' 

35 


16.8 
9.6 
23.2 
65.7 
72.8 
78.8 

7.8 


82.9 
89.6 
76.8 
34.3 
27.2 
20.8 

91.6 


0.3 
0.8 

o.'i 

0.6 


Oklahoma 


3.2 












Washington 








Oregon 


Papago 






..3,798 


3,703 

4,175 

426 

907 


55 
19 

88 

220 


40 
42 
14 

66 


97.5 
98.6 
80.7 

76.0 


1.4 
0.4 
16.7 

18.4 










Pima 


4,236 
528 

1,193 


1.0 


Cboatan geoup 


Yaqui 


2.7 








rrnat"-**n . 


5,855 
39,679 


458 
11,936 


5,372 
27,143 


35 

600 


7.8 
30.1 


91.6 
68.4 


0.6 
1.5 






5.6 










777 
7,833 


607 
5,006 


117 
2,746 


53 
81 


78.1 
63.9 


16.1 
36.1 


6.8 




SAUSHAN STOCK 

Chehalis .. . 




Cherokee 


31,489 

1,406 

29,610 

368 

2,436 

211 

2,107 

365 

1,219 

2,907 

2,485 

215 

1S4 

400 

353 

775 


6,900 

934 

5,919 

63 

2,098 

188 

1,854 

299 

133 

2,022 

1,858 

70 

85 

305 

34 

364 


24,329 

469 

23,440 

304 

333 

23 
248 

64 

1,086 

572 

314 

145 

99 

83 
318 

411 


260 
3 

251 
1 

6 

5 

2 

"■"313' 
313 

12' 

1 


21.9 
66.4 
20.0 
17.1 
86.1 
89.1 
88.0 
81.9 
10.9 
69.6 
74.8 
32.6 
46.2 
76.3 
9.6 

47.0 


77.3 
33.4 
79.2 
82.6 
13.7 
10.9 
11.8 
17.5 
89.1 
19.7 
12.6 
67.4 
53.8 
20.8 
90.1 

53.0 


0.8 
0.2 
0.8 
0.3 
0.2 

6.'2 

0.5 

""io.'s 
12.6 

3."6 

0.3 




North Carolina 


1.0 


Mohawk 


282 
398 
293 
385 
785 
486 
400 
564 
3S6 
157 
353 
272 
303 
2S8 
240 
664 
643 
134 
379 
307 
333 

4,391 


201 
252 
230 
292 
345 
206 
ISO 
361 
226 
127 
200 
121 
178 
219 
180 
472 
409 
53 
281 
177 
279 

3,372 


81 

146 

34 

8S 

437 

280 

220 

202 

160 

'30 

153 

135 

119 

69 

41 

190 

233 

81 

98 

130 

54 

998 


23" 

5 
3 

i" 

16 

6 

i9' 

2 

1 

21 


71.3 
63.3 

80.5 
76.8 
43.9 
42.4 
45.0 
04.0 
58.5 
80.9 
56.7 
44.5 
58.7 
76.0 
75.0 
71.1 
63.6 
39.6 
74.1 
67.7 
83.8 

76.8 


28.7 
36.7 
11.6 
22.9 
55.7 
57.6 
65.0 
35.8 
41.5 
19.1 
43.3 
49.6 
39.3 
24.0 
17.1 
28.6 
36.2 
60.4 
25.9 
42.3 
16.2 

22.7 






Clallam 






Coeurd'Alcnc 


7.8 




1.3 




Colville :.... 

Flathead 


0.4 


St. Regis 




Seneca 


Montana 








0.2 


Oklahoma 


Montana . ... 




Pennsylvania 

Tuscarora 


Washington 

Lummi . 




Wyandot 




5.9 




Puyallup., 


2.0 








TTATtnTT STnrK 


Sanpoil 


7.9 






3 


OrtpflTTa 


775 
4,027 


364 
3,976 


411 
33 


18 


47.0 
98.7 


63.0 
0.8 


0.4 


Spokan 


0.2 










Washington 












691 
237 
1,472 
490 
211 
817 

1,126 


686 
237 
1,427 
489 
211 
817 

818 


5 




99.3 
100.0 
96.9 
99.8 
100.0 
100.0 

72.6 


0.7 




Shahaptian stock 

Klikitat 










27 
1 


18 


1.8 
0.2 


1.2 


0.5 






RftntA Anj^ 


405 

1,259 

1,035 

272 

152 

397 

550 

1,362 

1,578 


335 
970 
804 
219 
131 
126 
538 
1,043 

1,162 


64 
270 
218 

53 

21 
271 

12 
317 

413 


6 
13 

13 

2 

3 


82.7 
77.0 
77.7 
80.6 
86.2 
31.7 
97.8 
76.0 

73.6 


15.8 
21.9 
21.1 
19.6 
13.8 
68.3 
2.2 
23.3 

26.2 


1.6 


Santo Domingo 












1.0 


296 


12 


26.3 


1.1 


Idaho. 


1.3 




Umatilla 




KlOWAN STOCK 












Kiowa 


1,126 
538 


818 
255 


298 
283 


12 


72.6 
47.4 


26.3 
52.6 


1.1 


Warm Springs 

Yalrima 






0.1 


ZUTENAIAN STOCK 


Shastan stock 

Hat Creek 






538 
107 
424 

978 


255 
103 
148 

657 


283 

4 

276 

320 


1 


47.4 
96.3 
34.9 

67.2 


52.6 
3.7 
65.1 

32.7 


0.1 




Idaho 


240 
985 
353 
255 

16,842 


220 
841 
101 
62 

14,672 


20 
144 
249 
192 

1,928 


3 

1 

242 


91.7 
86.4 
28.6 
24.3 

87.1 


8.3 
14.6 
70.5 
75.3 

11.4 






Pit River 






Shasta 


0.8 






0.4 


LUTUAMliN STOCK 


Shoshonean stock . - . 
Bannock 




Klamath 


696 
282 
212 

1,100 


459 
198 
168 

544 


236 
84 
44 

541 


1 
15 


65.9 
70.2 
79.2 

49.5 


33.9 
29.8 
20.8 

49.2 


0.1 
1.4 


1.4 


Oregon 


413 

355 

260 

1,171 

2,009 

755 

1,448 

780 

210 

247 

238 


323 
315 
242 
736 

2,006 
702 

1,215 
674 
183 
229 
198 


90 
40 
18 

407 
3 
52 

223 
78 
27 
18 
13 


28' 

i' 

10 

28 
27' 


78.2 
88.7 
93.1 
62.9 
99.9 
93.0 
83.9 
86.4 
87.1 
92.7 
83.2 


21.8 
11.3 
6.9 
34.8 
0.1 
6.9 
15.4 
10.0 
12.9 
7.3 
5.5 
















Matdtt STnri^ 


Comanche 


2.4 








Maidu 


1,100 
090 


544 
343 


541 
355 


15 

1 


49.5 
49.1 


49.2 
60.8 


1.4 
0.1 


Kawia. . ..! ! 


0.1 






0.7 




Paiute 


3.6 














Mlwok 


670 


335 


334 


1 


50.0 


49.9 


0.1 


Utah 


11.3 



I Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent. 



67090°— 15- 



34 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



DISTRIBUTION OF INDIANS ACCORDING TO PURITY OF BLOOD, FOR EACH PRINCIPAL STOCK, TRIBE, AND 

STATE: 1910— Continued. 

[This table shows each stock and tribe having 200 or more Indians in 1910.) 



Table 14— Contd. 


INDUNS BEPOETED ON SPECUL SCHEDULE: 1910. 


STOCK, TRIBE, AND 
STATE. 


INDIANS EEPOBTED ON SPECIAL SCHEDULE: 1910, 


STOCK, TRIBE, AND 


Number. 


Per cent of total. 


Number. 


Per cent of total. 




Total. 


Full 
blood. 


Mixed 
blood. 


Blood 
not re- 
ported. 


Full 
blood. 


Mixed 
blood. 


Blood 
not re- 
ported 


Total. 


Full 
blood. 


Mixed 
blood. 


Blood 
not re- 
ported. 


Full 
blood. 


MLxed 
blood. 


Blood 
not re- 
ported. 



■0NITED STATES— Continued. 



Shoshonean stock— 
Continued. 


3, 033 
101 
152 

2,414 
341 
467 

3.840 

1,259 

1,555 
24S 
700 

2,244 
725 

1,472 

32,941 


2,664 
80 
133 

2,113 
334 
351 

3,329 

1,153 

1,392 
240 
502 

2,112 
707 

1,382 

22,535 


227 
20 
18 

156 

115 

505 

101 

. 162 

8 

198 

112 

18 

71 

9,905 


147 
1 
1 

145 

i' 

6 
5 

1 

26" 

ig' 

501 


87.7 
79.2 
87.5 
87.5 
97.9 
75.2 
86.7 
■ 91.6 
89.5 
96.8 
71.7 
94.1 
97.5 
93.9 

68.4 


7.5 

19.8 

11.8 

6.5 

2.1 

24.6 

13.2 

8.0 

10.4 

3.2 

28.3 

5.0 

2.5 

4.8 

30.1 


4.8 
1.0 
0.7 
6.0 

6.2 

0.2 
0.4 
0.1 

o.'g 

i.'s 

1.5 


SlODAN STOCK— Con. 

Yankton Sioux 

Montana 


2,088 
372 
159 
1,534 
1,357 
551 
803 

3,140 


1,348 
279 
156 
910 

1,144 
473 
668 

3,005 


718 
92 
3 

603 

210 
78 

132 

101 


22 
1 

2i' 

3 

3' 

34 


64.6 
75.0 
98.1 
59.3 
84.3 
86.8 
83.2 

95.7 


34.4 
24.7 
1.9 
39.3 
15.5 
14.2 
16.4 

3.2 


1.1 
0.3 




North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Yanktonai Sioux 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Tanoan stock 

Isleta 






i.4 




0.2 








6.4 






Idaho 








Utah 


956 
499 
387 
277 
517 

329 


894 
499 
382 
268 
509 

268 


28 


34 


93.5 
100.0 
98.7 
96.8 
98.5 

81.5 


2.9 


3.8 


Wyoming 






Ute 




5 
9 
8 

60 


1 


1.3 
3.2 
1.5 

18.2 










Utah 






SIOUAN STOCK 


Waiilatpuan stock . . 
Cayuse 


0.8 




1,253 

1,799 

547 

244 

124 

238 

209 

1,105 

1,373 

332 

875 

193 

C19 

231 

1,.539 

232 

107 

708 

100 

378 

996 

161 

277 

2,514 

255 

621 

1,,5.53 

14,284 

370 

13,795 

806 

1,072 

142 

930 

397 

6,045 

222 

4S.5 

137 

346 

293 

4,964 

1,820 

1,007 

735 


793 

1,242 

418 

59 

10 

71 
165 
885 
691 
211 
461 

60 
374 

63 
799 
100 

78 
410 

66 
145 
494 
117 

98 

1,631 

204 

469 

926 

10,598 

225 

1 10,289 

1 593 

1 954 

119 

835 

353 

4,168 

64 
333 

50 
282 
143 
3,990 
1,543 
805 
630 


447 
396 
129 
185 
114 
167 
44 
144 
. 779 
121 
408 
133 
239 

lis 

740 

132 

29 

298 

34 

233 

477 

43 

176 

876 

51 

146 

626 

3,551 

145 

3,371 

212 

109 

23 

86 

33 

1,794 

152 

143 

87 

55 

146 

962 

277 

142 

105 


13 
161 

76' 

3 

6 

6" 

50 

25' 

1 
3 
7 

6 
1 

135 

"'"iss" 
1 

9 

9" 

11 
83 
6 
9 

9" 

4 
12 


63.3 
69.0 
76.4 
24.2 
8.1 
29.8 
78.9 
80.1 
43.0 
63.6 
52.7 
31.1 
60.4 
27.3 
51.9 
43.1 
72.9 
57.9 
66.0 
38.4 
49.6 
72.7 
35.4 
64.9 
80.0 
75.5 
59.6 
74.2 
60.8 
74.6 
73.6 
89.0 
83.8 
89.8 
88.9 
68.9 
28.8 
68.7 
36.5 
81.5 
48.8 
80.4 
84.8 
85.9 
80.7 
I 


35.7 
22.0 
23.6 
75.8 
91.9 
70.2 
21.1 
13.0 
56.7 
36.4 
46.6 
68.9 
38.6 
51.1 
48.1 
56.9 
27.1 
42.1 
34.0 
61.6 
47.9 
26.7 
63.5 
34.8 
20.0 
23.5 
40.3 
24.9 
39.2 
24.4 
26.3 
10.2 
16.2 
9.2 
8.3 
29.7 
68.5 
29.5 
63.5 
15.9 
49.8 
19.4 
15.2 
14.1 
14.3 


1.0 
8.9 

6.'9 

0.2 

6.'7 

i.'o 

21.6 

2.5 

0.6 
1.1 
0.3 

i.'o 

0.1 
0.9 

i.'o 

0.1 
0.8 

i.'o 

2.8 
1.4 
2.7 
1.9 

2.'6 

1.4 
0.2 




298 
388 


254 
361 


43 

27 


1 


85.2 
93.0 


14.4 
7.0 


0.3 




Wakashan stock 




Hidatsa 








Kansas 


360 

819 


342 
643 


18 
170 


6 


95.0 

78.5 


5.0 
20.8 






W ASHO AN stock 

Washo 








Omaha 


0.7 


Osage 


819 
273 
536 

710 


643 
228 
414 

282 


170 
45 
116 

373 


6 
6' 

55 


78.5 
83.5 
77.2 

39.7 


20.8 
16.5 
21.6 

52.5 


0.7 




California 








i.i 




Wdjtun stock 

Wintnn 




Quapaw 


7.7 


Minnesota 


399 

533 
302 

4,279 


121 

401 
255 

4,000 


278 

104 
35 

221 


28 
12 

58 


30.3 
75.2 

84.4 

93.5 


69.7 
19.5 






VOKUTS STOCK 

Yokut5 








North Dakota 


S.3 




11.6 
6,2 


4.0 








South Dakota 


1.4 








Montana 


245 
756 
386 
1,058 
667 
389 
501 
289 
834 
191 
642 

668 


243 
585 
367 
1,038 
651 
385 
485 
256 
816 
187 
628 

528 


2 
171 
2 
9 
5 
4 

16 
5 

16 
4 

12 

140 


17' 

11 
11 

2S' 

2 

2' 


99.2 
77.4 
96.1 
98.1 
97.6 
99.0 
96.8 
88.6 
97.8 
97.9 
97.8 

79.0 


0.8 
22.6 
0.5 
0.9 
0.7 
1.0 
3.2 
1.7 
1.9 
2.1 
1.9 

21.0 




North Dakota 






South Dakota 




4.4 


Teton Sioux 




1.0 


North Dakota. . . 




1.6 


South Dakota . . . 






Brule Sioux 


Walapai 




Hunkpapa Sioux . . 
North Dakota... 




9.7 




0.2 


South Dakota... 






Miiuiiconjou Sioux 


California 


0.3 


Oglala Sioux 

Sans Arc Sioux 

Sihasapa 


TUROK STOCK 




Nortn Dakota... 

South Dakota... 

Two Kettle Sioux.. 

Other Teton Sioux. 

Winnebago 


Weitspec 


668 
1,667 


628 
1,652 


140 
15 




79.0 
99.1 


21.0 
0.9 




ZUNLVN STOCK 




Nebraska 


Zuni 


1,667 


1 1,652 


15 




99.1 


0.9 











AIjASKA. 



ATHAPASKAN STOCK.. 

Ahtena 

Knaiakhotana 

Kutchin 

Tcnankutchin 



EiKIMAUAN STOCK . . 

Aleut 

Chnagrniut 

Ikograiut 

Kaviagniiut 

Kinugumiut 

Kowaginiut 

Ku-skovakmiut 

Kuskwogmiut 

Magemlut 

Malemiut 

Nunatogmiut 

Nunivasnniut 

Sclawiguiiut 

Tikoramiut 



3,916 



297 
697 
359 

415 



14.087 



1,451 
326 
782 
238 
594 
561 
370 

1,480 
376 
563 
283 
301 
238 
320 



3,642 



293 
672 
349 

306 



12,859 



999 
299 
768 
209 
576 
546 
361 
,447 
376 
646 
277 
299 
238 
300 



1,228 



452 
27 
14 
29 
18 
15 
9 
33 



20 



7.0 



98.7 


1.3 


96.4 


3.6 


97.2 


2.8 


95.4 


4.6 



91.3 



68.8 
91.7 
98.2 
87.8 
97.0 
97.3 
97.6 
97.8 

100.0 

97.0 

97.2 

. 99.3 

100.0 
93.8 



8.7 



6.3 



ESKIMAUAN STOCK 

Continued. 

Unaligmiut 

Yuit 

Southern Eskimo 

HAIDAN STOCK 

Haida 

Tlinoit stock 

Auk 

Chilkat 

Henya 

Huna 

Hutsnuwu 

Kako 

Sitka 

Yakutat 

TSIHSHLAN stock.. 

Tsimshian 



441 


421 


292 


290 


3,650 


3,186 


630 


377 


530 


377 


4,426 


3,890 


267 


242 


690 


629 


214 


192 


625 


590 


536 


498 


322 


276 


608 


627 


307 


276 


729 


615 


729 


615 



20 

2 

464 

163 

153 

536 

25 
61 
22 
35 
38 
46 
81 
31 



95.5 
99.3 
87.3 

71.1 



90.6 
91.2 
89.7 
94.4 
92.9 
85.7 
86.7 
89.9 

84.4 



4.5 
0.7 
12.7 



28.9 

12.1 

9.4 
8.8 
10.3 
5.6 
7.1 
14.3 
13.3 
10.1 

15.6 



PROPORTION OF MIXED-BLOODS. 



35 



In the United States, as shown by Tabic 14, there 
were sLx stocks each with more than 1,000 members 
in 1910, in which the full-bloods represented more 
than 90 per cent of the total, namely, Zunian, 99.1; 
Keresan, 98.7; Piman, 96.9; Tanoan, 95.7; Yuman, 
93.5; and Athapaskan, 93 per cent; and among the 
Navajo tribe of the last-named stock the full-bloods 
constituted 99.3 per cent of the 22,455 members. 
The Croatan, a much mixed group of composite 
origin, with 5,865 members, had the smallest pro- 
portion of full-bloods, 7.8 per cent, and the Iroquoian 
stock, with 39,679 members, the next smallest pro- 
portion, 30.1 per cent; but of the last-named stock 
the full-bloods in the Cherokee tribe, with 31,489 
members, constituted only 21.9 per cent. Of the 
other large stocks, the Shoshonean, with 16,842 
members, had 87.1 per cent of full-bloods, but with a 
range among the tribes from 62.9 per cent for the 
Comanche to 99.9 per cent for the Hopi. Among the 
Indians of Siouan stock, representing a total of 32,941 
members in 1910, the full-bloods constituted 68.4 per 
cent, but with a range among the tribes from 24.2 
per cent for the Iowa to 89 per cent for the Hunkpajja 
Sioux. The Muskliogean stock, with 29,191 members, 
had 46.7 per cent of full-bloods in 1910, but for the 
Choctaw tribe alone, with 15,917 members, the per- 
centage was 44.6. The Algonquian stock, with 40,975 
members, had a slightly lower percentage, 44.9, but 
among the Chippewa tribe, with 20,214 members, the 
full-bloods constituted only 34.5 per cent. 

The proportion of full-bloods often varies consid- 
erably, and for some tribes greatly, in different states, 
as shown by the figures m Table 14. For example, 
while the Chippev^a tribe, of Algonquian stock, 
showed as a whole 34.5 per cent of full-bloods, those 
in Minnesota showed 43.7 per cent as against only 2 
per cent for those in North Dakota and 17.3 per cent 
for those in Montana. 

In Alaska the Eskimauan stock, with 14,087 mem- 
bers reported in 1910, had 91.3 per cent of full-bloods, 
and no tribe, except the Aleut, with less than 87 
per cent; the Athapaskan stock, with 3,916 members, 
93 per cent; and the Tlingit stock, with 4,426 mem- 
bers, 87.9 per cent. The Aleut tribe, with 1,461 
members, had the smallest proportion of full-bloods, 
68.8 per cent. 

White and Indian mixed-bloods. — The mixed-bloods 
representing a mixture of white and Indian are sub- 
divided in Table 15 into those in whom the Indian 
blood predominated, those of whom one parent was a 
full-blood Indian and the other white — that is,, the 
half-breeds proper — and those who were more than 
one-half white. 

Of the 88,030 persons of mixed white and Indian 
blood in the United States, 18,169, or 20.6 per cent, 
were less than half white; 24,353, or 27.7 per cent, 
half Indian and haK white; and 43,937, or 49.9 per 
cent — practically one-half of the total— were more 
than half white. Thus about four-fifths of the Indian 
and white mixed-bloods were at least half white. For 



499 mLxed-bloods the amount of white blood was 
unknown, and for 1 ,072 Mexican blood was reported. 
The latter are classed with those for whom the degree 
of mixture is unknown because, while a "Mexican" is 
presumably white or a mixture of white and Indian, 
there is no way of telling what proportion, if any, of 
his blood is Indian. 



Table 15 

DEGREE OF SUXTUKE. 


WHITE AOT) INDIAN 
UIXED-BLOODS: 

1910. 




Number. 


Per cent 
of total. 


Total 


88,030 


100.0 




Less than half white 


18, 169 
24, 353 
43,937 
1,571 
1,072 
499 


20.6 
27.7 
49.9 
1.8 
1.2 
0.6 


Half white, half Indian 


More than half white 


Unknown proportions 


Part Mexican 


Other unknown 





The distribution of white and Indian mLxed-bloods 
according to the proportion of white blood is given for 
the selected states in Table 16. 



Table 16 



WHITE AXD INDIAN MIXED-BLOODS: 1910. 



United States 

Arizona 

California 

Colorado 

Idaho 

Kansas^ 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina- 
North Dakota. . 

Oklahoma , 

Oregon 

South Dakota.. 

Utah 

Washington 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 

Total for 22 

states 

All other states.. 



88,030 



Number. 



393 

4,069 

44 

503 

823 

3,138 

4,799 

69 

3,S08 

926 

503 

163 

1,636 

5. 105 

3.541 

41.S56 

1,601 

5,263 

102 

2,896 

4,136 

283 



85,657 
2,373 



18, 169 



24,353 



74 

1,044 

4 

190 

340 

1,454 

1,393 

S9 

676 

367 

176 

63 

242 

2, 734 

273 

4,120 

362 

1,810 

25 

758 

1,306 

64 



17,514 
655 



^ a 



115 

2,189 

15 

193 

202 

726 

1,427 

15 

1,646 

208 

292 

36 

1,200 

1,896 

2,481 

5,451 

626 

1,888 

48 

1,233 

1,517 

87 



23, 491 
862 



43,937 



30 

651 

16 

87 

280 

925 

1,978 

15 

1,424 

351 

21 

1 

188 

475 

778 

31,642 

590 

1,470 

29 

900 

1,271 

95 



43,117 
S20 



1,571 



174 

185 

9 

33 

1 

33 

1 



62 



1,535 
36 



Per cent of total. 



20.6 



18.8 
25.7 
(') 
37,8 
41.3 
46.3 
29.0 
56.5 
17.8 
39.6 
35.0 
38.7 
Its 
53.6 
7.7 
9. S 
22,6 
34 4 
245 
26.2 
31.6 
22.6 



20.4 
27.6 



^.« 



27.' 



29.3 

53.8 

(') 

38.4 

24 5 

23.1 

29.7 

21.7 

43.2 

22.5 

58.1 

22. 1 

7,3.3 

37.1 

70.1 

13.0 

39.1 

35.9 

47.1 

42.6 

36.7 

30.7 



27.4 
36.3 



a o 






49.9 



7.6 
16.0 

C) 

17.3 

34 

29.5 

41.2 

21.7 

37.4 

37.9 

42 

0,6 
11.5 

9.3 
22.0 
75.4 
36.9 
27.9 
28. 4 
31.1 
30.7 
33.6 



50.3 
34 6 



Si f^ 



443 

4 5 

0) 
6.6 
0.1 
1.1 

(?) 



1.6 



2.8 
38.7 
0.4 



0.3 
1,8 
1,4 
1.8 



0.2 
1.0 
13.1 



1.8 
1.5 



1 Per cent not shown where base is less than 50. 

2 E.xclusive of Indians in Haskell Institute, who are included in the total for 
"All other states."' 

2 Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent. 

The proportion of mLxed-bloods having a predomi- 
nance of Indian blood was highest in North Carolina 
(53.6 per cent) and Michigan (46.3 per cent), and 
lowest in North Dakota (7.7 per cent) and Oklahoma 
(9.8 per cent). The proportion of haK-breeds proper 
among the mixed-bloods was highest in New York (73.3 
per cent) and North Dakota (70.1 per cent), and lowest 
in Oklahoma (13 per cent) and New Mexico (22.1 per 
cent). The proportion of half-breeds was probably in 
many cases an overstatement, because mLxed-bloods 
are more likely to be reported as half white and half 
Indian than as belongmg to any other group. 



36 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



The proportion of mixed-bloods with the white 
blood predominating was highest in Oklahoma (75.4 
per cent), a fact which is probably susceptible of the 
same explanation as the high proportion of mixed- 
bloods la Oklahoma, which was noted on page 32. 
The next highest proportion (41.2 per cent) was 
foimd in Muinesota. The lowest proportions of this 
class were reported in New Mexico (0.6 per cent), 



Nevada (4.2 per cent), Arizona (7.6 per cent), and 
North Carolina (9.3 per cent), the proportion being 
above 10 per cent in each of the other states. 

Table 17 shows, for the United States, the distribu- 
tion of the white and Indian mixed-bloods according to 
the proportion of white blood in each of the principal 
stocks and tribes and for certain tribes in each of the 
principal states, as reported in 1910. 



DISTRIBUTION OF WHITE AND INDIAN MIXED-BLOODS ACCORDING TO PROPORTION OF WHITE BLOOD, FOR 

EACH PRINCIPAL STOCK, TRIBE. AND STATE: 1910. 

[This table shows each stock and tribe having 200 or more Indians in 1910 of which 100 or more were white and Indian mixed -bloods. J 



Table 17 


■WTHTE .\ND INDIAN MIXED-BLOODS: 1910. 


STOCK, TMBE, AND 

STATE. 


WHITE AND DJDLAN MIXED-BLOODS: 1910. 




Number. 


Per cent of total. 


Number. 


Per cent of total. 


STOCK, TRIBE, AND 
STATE. 


1 


5 

Si 

i 
►^1 


.a 

V 

IS 

■3 

a 


O 


i 

ji 




« a 

w 


"3 

.G 

S3 

£^ 





P. . 

a 


3 




« a 

•3 




§2 
53 

1 




OS 


3 

is 

i 


§2 
£3 

1 


4 

a, . 

a 1 
§° 

a a 


Aloonqcian stock... 


21,318 


5,565 


7,780 


7,804 


169 


20.1 


36.5 


36.6 


0.8 


Karok stock 


401 


84 


252 


66 




20.9 


62.8 


16.2 






101 

319 

139 

13,031 

2,123 

4,556 

402 

2,829 

103 

2,693 

413 

273 

631 

118 

103 

-13 

164 

100 

966 

759 

15S 

181 

1,025 

1,461 

486 

177 

749 

154 

776 

216 

1,015 


53 

122 

78 

3,051 

830 

1,349 

57 

27 

17 

714 

10 

9 

68 

21 

61 

318 

42 

18 

523 

602 

8 

115 

200 

418 

217 

118 

66 

52 

139 

72 

235 


30 

106 

38 

5,516 

506 

1,302 

257 

2,153 

44 

1,121 

196 

177 

143 

64 

31 

180 

42 

4 

213 

176 

17 

59 

377 

212 

127 

19 

68 

45 

101 

84 

562 


10 

77 

17 

4,388 

766 

1,844 

77 
648 

42 
816 
204 

84 
405 

32 

10 
215 

80 

78 
221 

72 
133 
7 
422 
828 
141 

38 
025 

57 
627 

60 

142 


8 
14 

6 
76 
21 

1 
11 

1 

"42' 
3 
3 
15 

1 
1 



9 

"'26' 
3 

1 
2 

'"'9' 
76 


52.5 
38.2 
56.1 
23.4 
39.1 
29.6 
14.2 

1.0 
16.5 
26.5 

2.4 

3.3 
10.8 
17.8 
69.2 
44.6 
25.6 
18.0 
54.1 
66.1 

5.1 
63,5 
19.5 
28 6 
44.7 
60.7 

8.8 
33.8 
17.9 
33.3 

23.2 


29.7 
33.2 
27.3 
42. 3 
23.8 
29.9 
63.9 
70.1 
42.7 
41.6 
47.5 
64.8 
22.7 
54.2 
30.1 
25.2 
25.6 

4.0 
22.0 
23.2 
10.8 
32.6 
36.8 
14.5 
20.1 
10.7 

7.7 
29.2 
13.0 
38.9 

55.4 


9.9 
24.1 
12.2 
33.7 
30.1 
40.5 
19.2 
22.9 
40.8 
30.3 
49.4 
30.8 
64.2 
27.1 

9.7 
30.2 
48.8 
78.0 
22.9 

9.5 
84.2 

3.9 
41.2 
56.7 
29.0 
21.5 
83.4 
37.0 
67.9 
27.8 

14.0 


7.9 
4.4 
4.3 
0.6 
1.0 

(') 
2.7 

(■) 

'"i.'o 
0.7 
1.1 
2.4 
0.8 
1.0 

"o.'g 
1.2 

"i's 
0.2 
0.2 
1.1 

"i.'2 
7.5 


401 
296 


84 
103 


252 
39 


65 
1 


153 


20.9 
34.8 


62.8 
13.2 


16.2 
0.3 






KlOWAN STOCK 

Kiowa 




Oklahoma 


51.7 








296 
283 


103 
22 


39 
60 


1 
201 


153 


34.8 
7.8 


13.2 
21.2 


0.3 
71.0 


51.7 


Montana 


KDTENAIAN STOCK 




North Dakota 

Pennsylvania 

■Wisconsin 




283 
276 

294 


22 
22 

79 


60 

54 

148 


201 
20O 

67 




7.8 
8.0 

26.9 


21.2 
19.6 

50.3 


71.0 
72.5 

22.8 






Montana 




Delaware 


LUTUAMIAN STOCK 




Gros Ventres 










210 
526 


63 

161 


98 
290 


49 
71 


3 


30.0 
30.7 


46.7 
66.2 


23.3 
13.5 




Otdahoma 

Ottawa 


Mmdu stock 






0.6 


Oklahoma 


Maidu 




525 
364 


161 
87 


290 
169 


71 
76 


3 
22 


30.7 
24.6 


66.2 
47.7 


13.6 
21.6 


0.6 


PJAgfin 


MrwoK stock 

Miwok 




Potawatomie 

Kansas 


6.2 








333 
13,723 


73 

1,648 


165 
2,336 


74 

9,686 


21 
163 


21.9 

12.0 


49.6 
17.0 


22.2 
69.9 


6.3 


Sauk and Fox 

Shawnee 


Mcskhogean stock . 
Chickasaw 


1.1 


Stockbridgea 




2,881 

8,149 

7,995 

2,527 

181 

2,301 

164 

157 

166 


182 

900 

838 

603 

1 

498 

63 

63 

23 


493 

1.296 

1,273 

490 

8 

456 

57 

63 

19 


2,189 

5,866 

5,831 

1,497 

172 

1,310 

33 

30 

3 


17 
88 
63 
37 

"'37' 
11 
11 

121 


6.3 
11.0 
10.5 
19.9 

0.6 
21.6 
38.4 
40.1 

13.9 


17.1 
15.9 
15.9 
19.4 
4.4 
19.8 
34.8 
33.8 

11.4 


76.0 
72.0 
72.9 
59.2 
95.0 
56.9 
20.1 
19.1 

1.8 


0.6 




Choctaw 


1.1 


Athapaskan stock . . 


Oklahoma 

Creek 


0.7 




122 
111 
292 
159 
143 

261 


34 
34 
22 
40 
18 

94 


62 
44 

217 
72 

106 

84 


14 
13 

63 
37 
19 

77 


22 
20 

"'io' 

6 


27.9 
30.6 
7.5 
25.2 
12.6 

36.0 


42.6 
39.6 
74.3 
45.3 
74.1 

32.2 


11.5 
11.7 
18.2 
23.3 
13.3 

29.6 


18.0 
18.0 

"e.'s 
2.3 


1.5 


Apache 








Oklahoma 

Seminole 

Oklahoma 

PiMAN STOCK 









Rogue River 

Wailaki 


7.0 




72.9 


Caddo AN stock 








111 
416 


30 
63 


36 
183 


40 
170 


6 


27.0 
15.1 


32.4 
44.0 


36.0 
40.9 


4.5 


209 


80 


102 


27 





38.3 


48.8 


12.9 








ChINOOKAN STOCK.... 






109 
2,687 


43 
750 


45 
1,133 


21 
801 


3 


39.4 
27.9 


41.3 
42.2 


19.3 
29.8 






261 
112 
13G 

4,668 


18 
13 
5 

2,540 


122 
56 
60 

1,856 


121 
43 

71 

272 




6.9 
11.6 
3.7 

54.4 


46.7 
50.0 
44.1 

39.8 


46.4 
38.4 
52.2 

5.8 




SALISHAN STOCK 








Washington 






132 
428 
280 
220 
200 
158 
141 
132 
119 
190 
233 
127 

977 


43 
52 
95 
90 
37 
24 
73 
18 
50 
57 
44 
68 

272 


64 
215 
70 
49 
53 
44 
46 
64 
46 
96 
96 
53 

359 


35 

160 
115 
81 
110 
90 
22 
50 
24 
37 
93 
16 

338 


...... 

8 


32.6 
12.1 
33.9 
40.9 
18.5 
15.2 
61.8 
13.6 
42.0 
30.0 
18.9 
45.7 

27.8 


40.9 

50.2 
25.0 
22.3 
26.5 
27.8 
32.6 
48.5 
37.8 
50.5 
41.2 
41.7 

36.7 


26.5 
37.4 
41.1 
36.8 
55.0 
57.0 
15.6 
37.9 
20.2 
19.5 
39.9 
12.6 

34.6 






Colviile 


0.2 


CrOATAN GROUP 


Flathead 




Croatan 


4,668 
26,102 


2,640 


1,856 


272 
19,994 


136 


54.4 

8.2 


39.8 
14.7 


6.8 
76.6 


0.5 


Montana 






Montana 










Iboquoian stock 


2,137 3,835 


Okinagan 




Cherokee 


23,610 
429 

22,722 
293 
312 
227 
1,005 
479 
2.'1 
145 
317 


1,702 

192 

1,429 

14 

107 

78 

44 

163 

108 

45 

1 31 


2,294 

39 

2,172 

252 

103 

75 

848 

208 

59 

60 

44 


19,384 

198 

18,997 

27 

102 

74 

107 

108 

54 

40 

242 


130 

"Hi 

""e 


7.2 
44.8 

6.3 

4.8 
34.3 
34.4 

4.4 
34.0 
4H.9 
31.0 

9.8 


9.8 
9.1 

9.6 
86.0 
33.0 
3.1. 
81.4 
43.4 
20.7 
41.4 
13.9 


82.5 
46.2 
83.6 
9.2 
32.7 
32.6 
10.6 
22.5 
24.4 
27.6 
76.3 


0.6 
"'6.' 5 

"6.6 


Puyallup 




North Carolina . . . 






Oklahoma 


Suquamish 






Shahaptian stock ... 
Nez Perces 








Wisconsin 


0.8 


Seneca 


2T6 
218 
206 
312 


120 
114 
20 
SO 


101 
71 
100 
135 


65 
33 
146 
95 


""2 


43.5 

52.3 

7.5 

25.6 


36.6 
32.6 
37.6 
43.3 


19.9 
15.1 
54.9 
30.4 






Idaho 






Wallawalla 




Wyandot 


Yakima 


0.6 



> Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent. 



PROPORTION OF MIXED-BLOODS. 



37 



DISTRIBUTION OF WHITE AND INDIAN MIXED-BLOODS ACCORDING TO PROPORTION OF WHITE BLOOD, FOR 

EACH PRINCIPAL STOCK, TRIBE, AND STATE: 1910— Continued. 

[This table shows each stock and tribe having 200 or more Indians in 1910 of which 100 or more were white and Indian mixed-bloods.] 



Table 17— Contd. 


WHITE AND rUDIAN MIXED-BLOODS: 1910. 


STOCK, TRIBE, AND 

STATE. 


WHITE AND INDIAN MIXED-BLOODS: 1910. 




Number. 


Per cent of total. 


Number. 


Per cent of total. 


STOCK, TRIBE, AND 

STATE. 


3 


1 


.13 

■§'■3 
W 


S3 

O 

s 




13 


13 

!l 

a 


ja 

S3 


a 


S 

0. . 

ft 


s 
g 




*c3 
ja 

2g 
11 


S3 




.3 


a 

it 
■3 

w 


"3 

a 


2 

|a 


Shastan stock 


393 


103 


196 


94 




26.2 


49.9 


23.9 




SiouAN STOCK— Con. 


3,508 
140 

3,333 
200 
109 

33 
1,776 
152 
140 
145 
953 
276 
141 
105 
683 
568 
198 
124 

101 


1,142 
35 

1,106 
40 
48 

10 
512 
22 
45 
55 
410 
197 
92 
93 
187 
167 
101 
74 

36 


1,277 
81 

1,183 
63 
42 

11 

638 
44 
78 
61 

340 
39 
22 
9 

295 

244 
58 
35 

22 


995 

24 

952 

96 

19 

12 

534 
86 
17 
29 

202 

40 

27 

3 

200 

157 
39 
15 

3 


94 

■■'92' 

1 


32.6 
25.0 
33.2 
20.0 
44.0 


36.4 
57.9 
35.5 
31.5 
38.5 


2,8.4 

17.1 
28. 
48.0 
17.4 


2.7 


Pit River 


142 
231 
174 

1,884 


43 
49 
29 

546 


73 
115 
94 

771 


26 
67 
51 

287 


280 


30.3 
21.2 
1C.7 

29.0 


51.4 
49.8 
54.0 

40.9 


18.3 
29.0 
29.3 

15.2 


14.9 


Nortli Dakota. . 

South Dakota. . 

Brule Sioux 

Hunkpa pa Sioux. 
Minn icon j ou 

Sioux 

Oglala Sioux 

Sans kre Sioux... 


Shasta 


2.8 
0.5 




Shoshonean stock.. 




92 
...... 

...... 

40 


2S,8 
14.5 
32.1 
37.9 
43.0 
71.4 
65.2 
88.6 
27.4 
29.4 
51.0 
59.7 

35.6 


35.9 
28.9 
65.7 
42.1 
35.7 
14.1 
15.6 
8.6 
43.2 
43.0 
29.3 
28.2 

21.8 


30.1 
56.6 
12. 1 
20.0 
21. 2 

ills 

19.1 
2.9 
29.3 
27.6 
19.7 
12.1 

3.0 


5.2 




399 
223 
215 
155 
115 
504 
101 
161 
198 

9,672 


119 
62 
85 
62 
44 

132 
21 
55 
47 

3,022 


85 
144 
110 
88 
30 
207 
36 
99 
52 

3,114 


48 
9 

IS 

4 

6 

117 

24 
6 

73 

3,320 


147 
8 
2 

1 
35 
48 
20 

1 
26 

216 


29.8 
27.8 
39.5 
40.0 
38. 3 
26.2 
20.8 
34.2 
23.7 

31.2 


21.3 
64.6 
51.2 
56.8 
26.1 
41.1 
35.6 
61.5 
26.3 

32.2 


12.0 
4.0 
8.4 
2.0 
5.2 

23.2 

23.8 
3.7 

36.9 

34.3 


36.8 
3.6 
0.9 
0.6 

30.4 
9.5 

19.8 
0.6 

13.1 

2.2 








Two KettleS'ioux. 
Other Teton Sioux 




Npvaiiq 


0.1 


SanLuiseno 




Nebraska 

Wisconsin 

YanktonSioux 

South Dakota 

Yanktonai Sioux... 

South Dakota 

TANOAN STOCK 

Washoan stock 

Washo 




Idaho 






0.1 


Wyoming 

SlOUAN STOCK 


Assiniboin 


441 
372 
129 
183 
114 
167 
144 
759 
114 
369 
133 
200 
116 
714 
126 
293 
218 
474 
173 
863 
139 
620 


72 
66 
65 
46 
20 
15 
38 
39 
76 

160 

51 

92 

4 

286 
24 

158 
84 
75 
26 

354 
33 

292 


203 
195 
43 
35 
14 
35 
32 
84 
16 
64 
22 
30 
22 
160 
27 
66 
55 
187 
77 
346 
100 
20S 


166 

104 
21 
99 
80 

115 
74 

632 
22 
72 
60 
5 
81 

268 
75 
69 
79 

198 
70 

157 
2 

118 


""i' 

""2 
""4 

'"■"" 

73 
9 

"u 
""e 

4 
2 


16.3 
17.7 
50.4 
2.5.1 
17.5 

9.0 
26.4 

5.1 
66.7 
43.4 
38.3 
46,0 

3.4 
40.1 
19.0 
53.9 
3S.5 
15.8 
15.0 
41.0 
23.7 
47.1 


46.0 
62,4 
33.3 
19.1 
12.3 
21.0 
22.2 
11.1 
14.0 
17.3 
16.5 
15.0 
19.0 
22.4 
21.4 
22.5 
25.2 
39.5 
44.5 
40.1 
71.9 
33.5 


37.6 
28.0 
16.3 
54.1 
70.2 
68.9 
51.4 
83.3 
19.3 
19.5 
45.1 

2.5 
69.8 
37.5 
59.5 
23.5 
36.2 
41.8 
40.5 
18.2 

1.4 
19.0 


"■i."9 

""i.'6 
'"'i.'2 
""6."5 

"ig.'s 

"se.'s 
7.8 

'"3.6 

"'6."7 
2.9 
0.3 


39.6 


Crow 

Hidatsa 


168 


60 


92 


15 


1 


35.7 


54.8 


8.9 


6 








168 
115 

362 


60 
44 

73 


92 
65 

181 


15 
5 

104 


1 

1 

4 


35.7 
38.3 

20.2 


54.8 
56.5 

50.0 


8.9 
4.3 

28.7 








0.9 


Omaha 


WmTDN STOCK 

Wintun 








Oto 


1.1 


Ponca 


269 
103 


39 1 137 


93 
3 


12 


14.5 

29.1 


50.9 

56.3 


34.6 

2.9 




Oklahoma 

Quapaw 


YOKHTS STOCK 

YUMAN STOCK 

Diegueno . 


30 


t^ft 


11 7 








Minnesota 

Nebraska 


216 


86 


70 


9 


51 


39.8 


32.4 


4.2 


23.6 


South Dakota 

Sioux 


171 
134 


74 
46 


51 
82 


3 

6 


43 


43.3 
34.3 


29.8 
61.2 


1.8 
4.6 


25.1 


YOBOK STOCK 




South Dakota 

Sisseton Sioux 

North Dakota.... 
South Dakota... - 




134 


46 82 


6 




34.3 


61.2 


4.5 















The Croatan group, as shown by Table 17, had the 
highest proportion of mixed-bloods with a predomi- 
nance of Indian blood, 54.4 per cent, and the Kute- 
naian stock the lowest proportion, 7.8 per cent. Of 
the larger stocks, the Siouan had the next highest pro- 
portion, 31.2 per cent, but for the San tee Sioux and 
Sisseton Sioux the proportion was considerable higher, 
over 40 per cent. The Algonquian stock had 26.1 per 
cent of mixed-bloods with a predoimnance of Indian 
blood, but for the Chippewa tribe alone it was some- 
what lower, 23.4 per cent. Of the larger stocks, the 
Iroquoian had the lowest proportion of mixed-bloods 
with a predominance of Indian blood, 8.2 per cent, 
and for the Cherokee tribe alone it was only 7.2 per 
cent and for the Mohawk and St. Regis tribes it was 
somewhat less than 5 per cent. The Muskliogean, of 
the larger stocks, had the next lowest proportion, 12 
per cent, with only 6.3 and 11 per cent, respectively, 
for the Chickasaw and Choctaw tribes alone. The 
Iroquoian had the highest proportion of mixed-bloods 



with a predominance of white blood, 76.6 per cent, and 
for the Muskliogean the proportion was very nearly as 
high, 69.9 per cent, being exceeded only by the Kute- 
naian stock, with 71 per cent; and for the larger tribes 
of these two stocks the percentages were: Cherokee, 
82.5; Oneida, 32.7; Seneca, 22.5; Chickasaw, 76; Choc- 
taw, 72; and Creek, 59.2. For the Mohawk and St. 
Regis tribes, m. the Iroquoian stock, the percentages 
shown for half-breeds are very high, 86 and 84.4, 
respectively, but for these two tribes, as well as for 
other stocks and tribes, the proportion may be an 
overstatement, as above explained. 

The degree of white and Indian mixture varies 
widely for certain tribes when considered with respect 
to individual states, as, for example, the Chippewa in 
Michigan had 39.1 per cent of mixed-bloods with a 
predominance of Indian blood as against onlj' 1 per cent 
for the same tribe in North Dakota, the percentage 
for the tribe as a whole being 23.4. It is possible that 
these variations are due largely to imperfect returns. 



38 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



Negro and Indian mixed-bloods. — The distribution 
of the Negro and Indian mixed-bloods is given in 
Table IS. 

The number of Negro and Indian mixed-bloods re- 
ported, 2,255, is probably an understatement, owing to 
disinclination to admit Negro blood. Of the number 
reported, 31.8 per cent were less than half Negro, 32.3 
per cent half Indian and half Negro, and 34.6 per cent 
more than half Negro, while for 1.3 per cent the por- 
portion of Negro blood was not reported. 



Table 18 



DEGREE OF MIXTXTBE. 



Total. 



Less than half Negro 

Half Negro, half Indian., 
More than half Negro — 
Unloiovm proportions. . . 



negro and indian 
mixed-bloods: 

1910. 



Number. 



2,255 



717 
729 



Per cent 
of total. 



100.0 



31.8 

32.3 

34.6 

1.3 



FuU'trihal and mixed-tribal Indians. — Table 19 classi- 
fies, for the United States, the full-blood Indians ac- 
cording to whether both parents belonged to the same 
tribe or to different tribes, or represented a mixture 
of tribes. 



Table 19 



degree of TRIBAI, Ml-XTUBE. 



Total 

Full-tribal blood 

Mixed-tribal blood 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes 

Tribal blood of one parent unknown. 



FULL-BLOOD 
INDIANS: 1910. 



Number. 



150,053 



139, 289 

10,251 

8,924 

1,327 

513 



Per cent 
of total. 



100.0 



92.8 
6.8 
5.9 
0.9 
0.3 



Of the 150,053 full-blood Indians in the United 
States in 1910, 139,289, or 92.8 per cent, were of full- 
tribal blood, and 10,251, or 6.8 per cent, were of mixed- 
tribal blood, while for 513, or three-tenths of 1 per 
cent, information on this point was not available. 
Of the 10,251 who reported mixed-tribal blood, 8,924 
represented a mixture of two tribes only and 1,327 a 
mixture of more than two tribes. 

Table 20 shows the number and percentage of 
persons of full-tribal blood and of mixed-tribal blood 
among full-blood Indians, for the 22 states presented 
in Table 13. The proportion of Indians of full-tribal 
blood is also shown graphically, by states, in the map 
following the table. 

The table shows that the proportion of full-tribal 
blood among full-blood Indians was uniformly high. 



generally over 90 per cent. The only states west of the 
Mississippi that had proportions below 90 per cent 
were South Dakota, Washington, Kansas, Oregon, and 
North Dakota. In these states members of different 
tribes are frequently found on the same reservations, 
with the result that intermarriages are comparatively 
frequent. 



Table 20 


FULL-BLOOD INDLANS: 1910. 




Number. 


Per cent of total. 


STATE. 


Total. 


Full- 
tribal 
blood. 


Mixed- 
tribal 
blood. 


Tribal 
blood 
of one 
parent 

un- 
known. 


Full- 
tribal 
blood. 


Mixed- 
tribal 
blood. 


Tribal 
blood 
of one 
parent 

un- 
known. 


United States. . . 


150,053 


139,289 


10,251 


513 


92.8 


6.8 


0.3 




27,087 

10,493 
718 
2,864 
516 
3,528 
3,859 
1,077 
6,204 
2,294 
4,287 

20,085 
2,850 
1,394 
2,499 

25,887 
2,901 

13,247 
2,900 
6,770 
5,249 
1,174 


26,519 
9,633 
703 
2,676 
411 
3,173 
3,832 
1,077 
5,730 
2,260 
4,183 

19,726 
2,111 
1,379 
1,554 

24,611 
2,219 

11,634 
2,800 
5,444 
5,000 
1,155 


563 
791 

15 
176 
101 
349 

22 


5 
69 

i2' 

4 
6 
5 


97.9 
91.8 
97.9 
93.4 
79.7 
89.9 
99.3 
100.0 
92.4 
98.5 
97.6 
98.2 
74.1 
98.9 
62.2 
95.1 
76.5 
83.3 
96.6 
80.4 
95.3 
98.4 


2.1 
7.5 
2.1 
6.1 
19.6 
9.9 
0.6 


(') 




0.7 


Colorado 






0.4 


■R'qnsfwS 


0.8 




0.2 


Minnesota 


0.1 






Montana.. 


455 

33 

102 

352 

712 

15 

939 

1,193 

662 

2,198 

91 

1,227 

225 

19 


19 

1 
2 
7 
27 

6' 

83 
2» 
105 
9 
99 
24 


7.3 
1.4 
2.4 
1.8 

25.0 
1.1 

37.6 
4.6 

22.8 

15.9 
3.1 

18.1 
4.S 
1.6 


0.3 


Nebraska 


(') 




^ 


New Mexico 


(') 




0.9 


North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Oklahoma. . 


o.'i 

0.3 




0.7 


South Dakota. .. . 


0.8 


Utah 


0.3 


Washington . . 


1.5 


Wisconsin 


0.5 










Total for 22 states.. 
AU other states 


147,883 
2,170 


137,230 
2,059 


10, 150 
101 


503 
10 


92.8 
94.9 


6.9 
4.7 


0.3 

0.5 



1 Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent. 

2 Exclusive of Indians in Haskell Institute, who are included In the total for " -Ul 
other states." 

PROPORTION OF INDI.VNS OF FULL-TRIB.\L BLOOD OF TOT.\.L 
FULL-BLOOD INDIANS: 1910. 




60 to 70 per cent. ^S 80 to 90 per cent. 

70 to 80 per cent, ^Z 90 per cent and over. 

I I Less than 100 full-blood Indians reported In state. 

Table 22 (p. 41) shows, for the United States, the 
distribution, according to degree of tribal mixture, of 
full-blood Indians in each of the principal tribes and 



PROPORTION OF MIXED-BLOODS. 



39 



states, as reported in 1910. Table 21 shows, for each 
stock having 200 or more Indians, the number and 
percentage of full-blood Indians who were of pure 
or niLxeil stock or for whom the stock was in part 
unknoAVTi : 



Table 21 


FDLL-BLOOD INUIANS: 1910. 


STOCK. 


Number. 


Per cent of total. 


Total. 


Pure 
stock. 


MLxcd 

stock 

(two 

stocks). 


Stock 
in part 

un- 
known. 


Pure 
stock. 


Mixed 
stock 
(two 

stocks). 


Stock 
in part 

un- 
known. 




18,396 
28,264 

1,574 
286 
459 
458 
11,936 
364 

3,976 
818 
255 
657 
544 
343 
13,625 

8,344 
907 

5,006 

3,372 

1,162 
14, 672 
22,535 

3,005 
268 
361 
643 
282 
401 

4,000 
528 

1,652 


17,925 
28,024 

1,449 
272 
310 
457 
11,618 
334 

3,932 
766 
246 
581 
513 
314 
13,506 

8,255 
853 

4,592 

3,106 

1,039 
14,451 
21,438 

2,892 
198 
293 
620 
258 
366 

3,900 
514 

1,641 


3.52 

190 

107 

8 

116 

1 

183 

30 

43 

48 

9 

51 

31 

19 

85 

77 

37 

156 

210 

103 

150 

256 

96 

65 

60 

23 

22 

17 

90 

14 

11 


119 
50 
18 
6 
33 

■■"iss" 
i" 

4 
25" 

io' 

34 
12 
17 

258 
56 
20 
71 

841 
17 
6 
8 

2' 

18 
10 




97.4 
99.2 
92.1 
95.1 
67.5 
99.8 
97.3 
91.8 
98.9 
93.6 
96.5 
88.4 
94.3 
91.5 
99.1 
98.9 
94.0 
91.7 
92.1 
89.4 
98.5 
95.1 
96.2 
73.9 
81.2 
96.4 
91.5 
91.3 
97.5 
97.3 
99.3 


1.9 
0.7 
6.8 
2.8 
25.3 
0.2 
1.5 
8.2 
1.1 
6.9 
3.5 
7.8 
5.7 
5.5 
0.6 
0.9 
4.1 
3.1 
6.2 
8.9 
1.0 
1.1 
3.2 
24.3 
16.6 
3.6 
7.8 
4.2 
2.3 
2.7 
0.7 


0.6 




0.2 


Caddoan 


1.1 




2.1 




7.2 






Iroquoian 


1.1 


Karok 




T^prpsnn , , , 


(') 




0.5 


TviitPTlftinn 




T,iifiiftnlinn . . . 


3.8 


Maidu 




Miwok 


2.9 




0.2 




0.1 




1.9 


Salishan., 


5.2 




1.7 


Shastan 


1.7 




0.5 


Siouan 


3.7 




0.6 




1.9 


Wakashan 


2.2 








0.7 


Yokuts 


4.5 


ViiTTifin 


0.3 


Yurok 




7iiTiiaTi 









1 Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent. 

As shown by Table 21, the proportion of Indians 
who were of pure or unmixed stock was very high for 
every stock for which more than 500 full-bloods were 
report«d in 1910, and except for twostocks — Lutuamian 
and Shastan — it was more than 90 per cent in each case. 

Among the principal tribes, as shown by Table 22, 
the proportion of full-tribal blood was more than 90 per 
cent for all the tribes in four stocks — Keresan, Piman, 
Shoshonean, and Yuman — and for all but one tribe 
in three other stocks — Athapaskan, Muskhogean, and 



Tanoan. For most of the larger tribes of Algonquian 
stock the proportion of full-tribal blood was also high, 
being for the Arapaho, Cheyenne, Chippewa, and Pie- 
gan more than 90 per cent and for the Ottawa very 
nearly as high, 89.2 per cent. Among the Iroquoian 
stock the percentage was high for the Cherokee (98.3), 
Oneida (90.8), and Seneca (86), but for the Onondaga 
it was considerably less than 50 (45.2) per cent. For 
the Siouan stock there were eight tribes (counting the 
Teton Sioux as one) in which the percentage of full- 
tribal blood was over 90 and four tribes in which it was 
between 80 and 90, representing for the most part the 
larger tribes of this stock. For the Teton Sioux, as a 
whole, the percentage of full-tribal blood was high (92), 
but except for two of the individual tribes — the Brule 
Sioux and Oglala Sioux — it was very low, ranging from 
47.5 per cent to as low as .32.8 per cent. It should be 
mentioned, however, that the degree of tribal mixture 
of the Teton Sioux as a whole with other tribes is a dif- 
ferent matter from the degree of mixture with each 
other among the individual tribes included in the 
Teton Sioux group. 

In the last column of Table 22 is also given the per- 
centage which the full-tribal Indians bear to all Indians 
of full and of mixed blood combined. These percent- 
ages show for the principal tribes and states the differ- 
ences in the relative degree of purity of tribal blood, 
and some of these differences are striking, particularly 
for portions of the same tribe in different states, as, for 
example, 1.9 per cent for the Chippewa in North 
Dakota, as compared with 43.4 per cent in Minnesota; 
9 per cent for the Potawatomi in Oklahoma, as com- 
pared with 86.1 per cent in Wisconsin; and 19.7 per 
cent for the Cherokee in Oklahoma, as compared with 
65.4 per cent in North Carolina. 

The diagram on the following page shows for each 
pincipal tribe in the United States in 1910 the pro- 
portion of full-bloods and mixed-bloods and, in addi- 
tion, the proportion which those of full-tribal blood 
formed of the total number of Indians in each case. 



40 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



PROPORTION OF FULL-BLOOD AND MIXED-BLOOD INDIANS, AND OF INDIANS OF FULL-TRIBAL BLOOD, IN 

EACH PRINCIPAL TRIBE: 1910. ' L| H "" 



eo 100 



HOPI 

NAVAJO 

ZUNl 

PIMA 

MOHAVE 

PAPAGO 

LAGUNA 

UTE 

ARAPAHO 

PAVIOTSO 

CHEYENNE 

SHOSHONl 

ONEIDA 

WINNEBAGO 

YANKTONAI SIOUX 

MONO 

OMAHA 

NEZ PERCES 

YAKIMA 

APACHE 

SEMINOLE 

TETON SIOUX 

KIOWA 

SENECA 

CROW 

SISSETON SIOUX 

YANKTON SIOUX 

OTTAWA 

ASS1NIB0IN 

COMANCHE 

CREEK 

PIEGAN 

SANTEE SIOUX 

MENOMINEE 

MAIDU 

CHOCTAW 

OSAGE 

SHAWNEE 

POT AW ATOM 1 

CHIPPEWA 

CHICKASAW 

CHEROKEE 

ST. REGIS 

CROATAN 




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m y///^^z^:^^^zz4j'zzM^ 



^^ &---:.v->;v;-:' ^>:'>x-:y:-;;x 



VAT^Z^^fZF^jr^J'^J ^^yZZA 



m//////A fZZFJ'ZfZA^^ 



W///// ■■■ -^ 



^sss^^y^^^^jTAA^/j 



mmss^j^y^jrxx^^/^^^AX^xyxyxx/i 



yyjyyjryyyyyxyyyyyyy^ 



yyxyvvvyysio^xyovyyxx^ 



mryyxyyyyxyjryxyyyyyyy^ 



vyyy/yyyy/xyyyyyyyyjsk 



wyyxyyyyyx/'yxyyyAXXYxyxxxjry. 



7- yyyyyyxyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy/k 



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m/yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy^ 



V WL'yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyjSi 



Hvyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyii 



vyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy/ 



ryyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy. 



c' ? xaaxssryyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy. 



Yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy^ 



sjyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy. 



\ryyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyysi. 



mrTTTTyAAj^Yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy, 



fyyyyAyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyj^yyyy^yyyyyA 



FULL BLOOD 



IfULLTRIEAL Y////////1' i MIXEOTRiaAL | | TRIBAL BLOOD OF ONe PARENT UNKNOWN 

g^222 ""<^° °'-°'=° I '>'-'v'v:?< NOT REPORTED 



PROPORTION OF MIXED -BLOODS. 



41 



DISTRIBUTION OF FULL-BLOOD INDIANS ACCORDING TO TRIBAL MIXTURE, FOR EACH PRINCIPAL TRIBE AND 

STATE: 1910. 



[This table shows each tribe having 200 or more Indians in 1910. Per cent not shown where base is less than 50.] 



Tabic as 






FCLL-BLOOD INDIANS 


1910. 






TRIBE AND STATE. 






FtJLL-BLOOD INDIANS: 


1910. 








Number. 1 


Per cent of total. 


Per 
cent 
fuU 
tribal 
ofaU 
In- 
dians. 


Number. 


Per cent of total. 


Per 


TRIBE .\N-D STATE. 


Total. 


Full- 
tribal 
blood. 


Mixed- 
tribal 
blood. 


Tribal 
blood 
of one 
parent 

un- 
knoNvn. 


Full- 
tribal 
blood. 


Mixed- 
tribal 
blood. 


Tribal 
blood 
of one 
parent 

un- 
known. 


Total. 


Full- 
tribal 
blood. 


Mixed- 
tribal 
blood. 


Tribal 
blood 
of one 
parent 

un- 
known. 


FuU- 
tribal 
blood. 


Mixed- 
tribal 
blood. 


Tribal 
blood 
of one 
parent 

un- 
known. 


cent 
fuU 

tribal 
OfaU 
In- 
dians. 


Algonqui-vn stock. 


1,311 

621 

6(')1 

2,602 

1.181 

1,379 

74 

6.970 

1,,558 

3,595 

S4 

58 

31 

1,601 

40 

35 

279 

390 

240 

112 

126 

1 

704 

59 

22 

1,720 

1,664 

12 

295 

85 

1,214 

960 

319 

281 

115 

227 

547 

245 

260 

535 

184 

3,801 

3,491 

263 

345 

694 

411 

22,304 

10,900 

10,322 

1,034 

223 

82 

372 
336 
544 
308 

240 

53 
12 
41 
159 
134 
216 

458 

6,900 

1 934 

5,919 

j 63 

2,098 

188 

1,854 

299 

133 


1,269 

601 

654 

2,507 

1,103 

1,346 

30 

6,784 

1.433 

3,575 

78 

57 

31 

1,574 

26 

24 

213 

357 

200 

79 

119 

1 

665 

47 

12 

1,535 

1,496 

7 

289 

60 

1,206 

795 

269 

226 

78 

211 

490 

218 

235 

467 

143 

3,749 

3,469 

245 

325 

692 

392 

22,241 

10,888 

10,291 

1,023 

167 

74 

319 
299 
630 
274 

206 

31 
3 
28 
95 

84 
154 

437 

6,785 
920 

5,827 
38 

1,904 
89 

1,760 
135 
94 


42 
20 

139 

64 

33 

42 

173 

122 

15 

6 

1 


16 

14 

2' 

13 
3 

5 


96.8 
90.8 
98.9 
94.2 
93.4 
97.6 
40.5 
97.3 
92.0 
99.4 
92.9 
98.3 


3.2 
3.2 
1.1 
5.2 
5.4 
2.4 
50.8 
2.5 
7.8 
0.4 
7.1 
1.7 


"■■'o.'o' 

1.2 

0.2 
0.2 
0.1 


89.4 
87.7 
93.0 
82.1 
81.9 
88.4 
22.6 
33.6 
38. 5 
43.4 
16. 

1.9 
25.1 
36.6 

5.7 

7.8 
23.3 
70.0 
57.5 
37.4 
88.1 

0.6 
46.8 
20.8 

9.8 
56.5 
61.0 

4.1 
74.9 
22.6 
53.2 
32.6 
32.8 
49.0 

9.0 
86.1 
67.7 
84.8 
67.7 
34.9 
26.8 

75.4 
74.6 
90.4 
50.9 
99.7 
92.5 
99.0 
99.0 
99.4 
98.5 
43.6 
32.6 

71.8 
66.2 
83.7 
86.2 

79.5 

9.8 
2.4 

15.8 
39.3 
45.7 
56.2 

7.8 

21.5 
65.4 
19.7 
10.3 
78.2 
42.2 
83.5 
37.0 
7.7 


IROQUOIAN STOCK— 

Continued. 
Seneca 


2,022 

1,858 

70 

85 

305 

34 

364 

686 
237 
1.427 
489 
211 
817 

818 

255 
103 
148 

459 
198 

168 

544 
335 

288 

101 

187 

1,128 

7,094 

81 

1,075 

5,934 

3,730 

3,702 

1.289 

1,227 

38 

3,703 

4,175 

426 

607 

201 
252 

236 
292 
345 
206 
180 
361 
226 
127 
200 
121 
178 
219 
180 
472 
409 
53 
2S1 
177 
279 


1,738 

1,582 

63 

85 

218 

12 

334 

685 
235 
1,396 
487 
206 
811 

766 

246 
103 
142 

380 
124 
98 

513 

308 

287 

101 

186 

1,040 

6,975 

80 

1,075 

5,817 

3,531 

4 

3,516 

1,158 

1,098 

38 

3,638 

4,039 

401 

568 

109 
214 

199 
215 
321 
168 
1.52 
319 
191 
124 
101 

90 
143 
198 
169 
434 
356 

41 
261 
145 
270 


271 
253 

7 


13 
13 


86.0 
85.1 
90.0 
100.0 
71.5 


13.4 
14.2 
10.0 


0.6 
0.7 


59.8 




New York 

Oklahoma 

Pennsylvania 

Tuscarora". 


63.7 


Wyoming 


29.3 




46.2 




86 
22 

30 

1 
2 
31 
2 
5 
6 

48 

9 


1 


28.2 


0.3 


54.5 




Wyandot 


3.4 


South Dakota 


Kaeok STOCK. 
Orleans 


4 


91.8 

99.9 
99.2 
97.8 
99.6 
97.6 
99.3 

93.6 

96.5 
100.0 
95.9 

82.8 
62.6 
58.3 

94.3 

91.9 

99.7 
100.0 
99.5 
92.2 
98.3 
98.8 
100.0 
98.0 
94.7 


8.2 

0.1 
0.8 
2.2 
0.4 
2.4 
0.7 

5.9 

3.5 


'.'.'.'.'.'.'.J 
1 

0.5 

1 










43.1 




KEKESAN STOCK. 

Acoma 




North Dakota 




Wisconsin 

Creo 


22 
13 
U 
66 
33 
36 
29 
7 


5 
1 


98.3 


1.4 


0.3 


99.1 


Cochiti 


99.2 










94.8 


Delaware 


4 

4 


70.3 
91.5 
83.3 
70.5 
94.4 


23.7 
8.5 
15.0 
25.9 
5.6 


""i'.y 

3.6 




99.4 


Santa Ana 


97.6 




Santo Domingo 

KlOWAN STOCK. 


99.3 






Oklahoma 






33 

12 

10 

180 

167 

5 

6 

25 

8 

154 

50 

55 

36 

16 

55 

27 

24 

68 

40 

50 
21 
17 
20 

2 
19 
63 
12 
31 
11 
48 

8 

50 
37 
14 
34 

33 

20 
7 
13 
64 
50 
56 

1 

95 

14 
. 72 

19 
184 

98 

85 
164 

39 


6 


94.5 
79.7 


4.7 
20.3 


0.9 


KUTENAIAN STOCK. 




Miami 










5 
1 


89.2 
89.9 


10.5 
10.0 


0.3 
0.1 


45.7 






96.3 




Montana 

LtrrUAMIAN STOCK. 

Klamath 


6 

79 
74 
70 

31 

22 

1 


5 


4.1 

17.2 
37.4 
41.7 

5.7 

6.6 

0.3 


1.5 


33.5 


Passamaquoddy 


i" 

i' 

2' 

i' 

i' 

2 
1 

1 

8 
3 

1 

2 
2 


98.0 
70.6 
99.3 
82.8 
81.3 
80.4 
67.8 
93.0 
89.6 
89.0 
90.4 
87.3 
77.7 

98.6 
99.4 
93.2 
94.2 
99.7 
95.4 
99.7 
99.9 
99.7 
98.9 
74.9 
90.2 

85.8 
89.0 
97.4 
89.0 

85.8 

58.5 


2.0 
29.4 

0.7 
17.1 
15.7 
19.6 
31.3 

7.0 
10.1 
11.0 

9.2 
12.7 
21.7 

1.3 

0.6 
6.5 
5.8 
0.3 
4.6 
0.3 
0.1 
0.3 
1.1 
21.5 
9.8 

13.4 
11.0 
2.6 
11.0 

13.8 

37.7 


""0.9 
■■■6.4' 

"■'o.l' 
"'o.h' 

0.1 

(') 
0.4 

'i'e' 
0.8 

0.4 
3.8 




Piegan 


54.6 




Modoc 


44.0 






46.2 




MAIDt7 STOCK. 

Maidu 








Sauk and Fox 


46.6 




MrWOK STOCK. 














46.0 


Athapaskan stock. 


MnSKHOGEAN STOCK. 

Alibamu 


96. 3 




Louisiana 


91.0 




1 

80 

106 




8 

13 

1 


0.5 
7.1 
1.5 


""o.Y 

0.2 
1.2 


99.5 






24.7 


Jicarilla Apache 

Mescalero ApQche 




43.8 


Louisiana 

Mississippi 

Oklahoma 


69.6 
92.5 




105 
192 


12 
7 


1.8 
5.1 


0.2 
0.2 


40.0 




50.8 






2.2 




Oklahoma 

Seminole 

Oklahoma 

Texas 


179 
131 
129 


7 


95.0 
89.8 
89.5 


4.8 
10.2 
10.5 


0.2 


52.8 


Wailaki 


67.0 


Caddoan stock. 
Arikara 


73.1 
19.0 


PiMAN STOCK. 

Papago 


62 
136 
25 

34 

90 
35 
30 
69 
17 
37 
28 
40 
33 

3 
89 
28 
24 
21 

7 
38 
51 
12 
20 
27 

6 


3 

5 

2 
3 

7 
8 

7 
1 

2' 

2 

io' 

3 
11 

i 

2' 

5' 

3 


98.2 
96.7 
94.1 

93.6 

54.2 
84.9 
84.3 
73.6 
93.0 
81.6 
84.4 
88.4 
84.5 
97.6 
.50.5 
74.4 
80.3 
90.4 
93.9 
91.9 
87.0 
77.4 
92.9 
81.9 
96 8 


1.7 
3.3 
5.9 

5.6 

44.8 
13.9 
12.7 
23.6 

4.9 
18.0 
15.6 
11.1 
14.6 

2.4 
44.5 
23.1 
13.5 

9.6 

3.9 

8.1 
12.5 
22.0 

7.1 
15.3 

2.2 


0.1 

0.8 

1.0 
1.2 
3.0 
2.7 
2.0 
0.5 

""b'.6 
0.9 

■■■'s.o' 

2.5 
6.2 

""2.'2" 

■" 0.5" 

'""2.S 
1.1 




Caddo 






95.8 






95.3 




Yaqui 


75.9 


Chimakuan stock. 
Quileute 


POMO STOCK. 






73.1 


Chinookan stock. 
Chinook 


SAUSHAN STOCK. 

Chehalis 




Oregon 


38.7 


Washington 

Wasco 








Clallam 


53.8 


6' 

20 

26" 

6 
10 

1 
9 


59.7 
62.7 
71.3 

99.8 

98.3 
98.5 
98.4 
60.3 
90.8 
47.3 
94.9 
45.2 
70.7 


40.3 
37.3 
25.9 

0.2 

1.4 
1.5 
1.2 

30.2 
8.8 

52.1 
4.6 

54.8 

29.3 


■■""i's' 

0.3 

■■■"o.'s' 
9.5 
0.5 
0.5 
0.5 


Coeur d' Alene 

Columbia 


67.9 




55.8 




Colvilie 


40.9 




Flathead 


34.6 






38.0 




Kalispel 


56.6 






49.5 




Washington 


79.0 
28.6 






33.1 






47.2 


North Carolina. . 


Quinaielt 


68.8 






70.4 






05.4 






55.4 


New York 




30.6 


Wisconsin . 


Washmgton 


68.9 




47.2 


St. Regis 


Swinomish 


8.11 



1 Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent. 



42 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



DISTRIBUTION OF PULL-BLOOD INDIANS ACCORDING TO TRIBAL MIXTURE, FOR EACH PRINCIPAL TRIBE AND 

STATE: 1910— Continued. 



[This table shows each tribe having 200 or more Indians in 1910. Per cent not shown where base is less than 50.] 



Table 22— Contd. 






Ftn.L-BLOOD INDI.VNS 


: 1910. 






TRIBE ANDSTATE. 






FULL-BLOOD DfDLiNS: 


1910. 








Number. 


Per cent of total. 


Per 

cent 
full 
tribal 
ofaU 
In- 
dians. 


Number. 


Per cent of total, i 


Per 


TRIBE AJfD STATE. 


Total. 


Full- 
tribal 
blood. 


Mixed- 
tribal 
blood. 


Tribal 
blood 
of one 
parent 

un- 
known. 


Full- 
tribal 
blood. 


Mixed- 
tribal 
blood. 


Tribal 
blood 
of one 
parent 

un- 
known. 


Total. 


FuU- 
tribal 
blood. 


Mixed- 
tribal 
blood. 


Tribal 
blood 
of one 
parent 

un- 
known. 


FuU- 
tribal 
blood. 


ULxed- 

tribal 

blood. 


Tribal 
blood 
of one 
parent 

un- 
known. 


cent 
fuU 
tribal 
ofaU 
In- 
dians. 


SflAnAPTIAN STOCK. 


335 
970 
804 
219 
131 
126 
53S 
1,043 

220 

841 

101 

62 

323 
315 
242 

736 

2,006 

702 

1,215 

674 

183 

229 

198 

2,664 

80 

133 

2,113 

334 

351 

3,329 

1,153 

1,392 

240 

502 

2,112 

707 

1,382 

793 
1,342 

418 

59 

10 

71 

165 

885 

591 

211 

461 

60 

374 

63 

799 

100 

78 

410 

66 

145 

494 

117 

98 

1,631 

204 

469 

926 

10,598 

225 

10,289 


252 
865 
756 
158 
98 
100 
470 
916 

174 

697 

75 

53 

305 

297 
235 
690 

1,995 
652 

1,155 
656 
175 
222 
196 

2,598 
64 
132 

2,089 
313 
339 

3,224 

1,113 

1,341 
237 
495 

2,088 
707 

1,366 

762 

1,178 

235 

34 
5 

66 

79 
877 
583 
185 
455 

58 
373 

31 
672 

99 

65 
403 

16 

89 
441 
115 

92 

1,394 

162 

424 

786 

9,747 

129 

9,560 


80 
104 
47 
61 
33 
26 
68 
125 

46 

137 

26 

9 

18 

18 

7 

24 

10 

45 

56 

15 

5 

7 

2 

65 

16 

■■"24' 
21 

7 

103 

40 

49 

3 

7 

20 


3 

1 
1 

2 

7' 

22' 

1 
5 
4 
3 
3 

i' 

i 

i 

2' 

4 


75.2 
89.2 
94.0 
72.1 
74.8 
79.4 
87 4 
87. S 

79.1 
82.9 
74.3 
85.5 

94.4 
94.3 
97.1 
93.8 
99.5 
92.9 
95.1 
97.3 
95.6 
96.9 
99.0 
97.5 
80.0 
99.2 
98.9 
93.7 
96.6 
96.8 
96.5 
96.3 
9.S.7 
98.6 
98.9 
100.0 
98.8 

96.1 
94.8 

56.2 
57.6 


23.9 
10.7 
5.8 
27.9 
25.2 
20.6 
12.6 
12.0 

20.9 
16.3 
25.7 
14.5 

5.6 
5.7 
2.9 
3.3 
0.5 
6.4 
4.6 
2.2 
2.7 
3.1 
1.0 
2.4 
20.0 

■'i.'i' 

6.3 
2.0 
3.1 
3.5 
3.5 
1.3 
1.4 
0.9 


0.9 
0.1 
0.1 

"o.'i' 

""o.'s 

■■■'i'o' 
(•) 
0.7 
0.3 
0.4 
1.6 

""("'■)■■■ 
■" o.'s' 

0.1 

'" o.'i' 

""6.'2' 


62.2 
68.7 
73.0 
58.1 
64.5 
25.2 
85.5 
67.3 

72.5 
70.8 
21.2 
20.8 

73.8 
83.7 
90.4 
58.9 
99.3 
86.4 
79.8 
84.1 
83.3 
89.9 
82.4 
85.5 
63.4 
86.8 
86.5 
91.8 
72.6 
84.0 
88. 4 
86.2 
95.6 
70.7 
93.0 
97.5 
92.8 

60.8 
65.5 
43.0 
13.9 
4.0 
27.7 
37.8 
79.4 
42.5 
65.7 
52.0 
30.1 
60.3 
13.4 
43.7 
42.7 
60.7 
56.9 
16.0 
23.5 
44.3 
71.4 
33.2 
55.4 
63.5 
68.3 
50.6 
68. 2 
34.9 
69.3 


SlOUAN STOCK— 

Continued. 
Teton Sioux— Contd. 

Brule Sioux 

Hujikpapa Sioux. . 

North Dakota. 

South Dakota. 

Minniconjou Sioux 

Oglala Sioux 

Sans Arc Sioux.... 


593 
954 
119 
835 
353 

4,168 
64 
333 
60 
282 
143 

3,990 

1,543 
865 
630 

1,348 
279 
156 
910 

1,144 
473 
668 

894 
499 
382 
268 
509 

254 

342 

643 
228 
414 

121 

255 

243 

585 
367 
1,038 
651 
385 
485 
256 
816 
187 
628 

528 

1,652 


441 

453 

25 

42S 

142 

3,744 

21 

122 

24 

97 

55 

3,928 

1,530 

860 

628 

1,026 

220 

40 

763 

768 

293 

474 

851 
418 
380 
251 
505 

194 

252 

620 
209 
410 

108 

241 

242 
568 
339 
966 
584 
381 
471 
243 
784 
177 
606 

514 

1,641 


145 
469 

94 
375 
197 
405 

43 
206 

26 
180 

87 

61 

13 

5 

2 

317 

58 
116 
143 
371 
179 
190 

43 

81 

2 

17 

4 

59 

88 

23 
19 
4 

13 

12 

1 

14 
27 
72 
67 
4 
14 
13 
29 
10 
19 

14 

11 


7 
32 

32' 

14 

19 

5' 

5' 

1 
1 

s' 

1 

4' 

5 
1 

4 

1 
2 

2 

3" 

1 

3' 

3" 


74.4 
47.5 
21.0 
51.3 
40.2 
89.8 
32.8 
36.6 
48.0 
34.4 
38.5 
98.4 
99.2 
99.4 
99.7 
76.1 
78.9 
25.6 
83.8 
67.1 
61.9 
71.0 

95.2 
83.8 
99.5 
93.7 
99.2 

76.4 

73.7 

96.4 
91.7 
99.0 

89.3 

94.5 

99.6 
97.1 
92.4 
93.1 
89.7 
99.0 
97.1 
94.9 
96.1 
94.7 
96.5 

97.3 

99.3 


24.5 

49.2 

79.6 

44.9 

55.8 

9.7 

67.2 

61.9 

52.0 

63.8 

60.8 

1.5 

0.8 

0.6 

0.3 

23.5 

20.8 

74.4 

15.7 

32.4 

37.8 

28.4 

4.8 
16.2 
0.5 
6.3 
0.8 

23.2 

25.7 

3.6 
8.3 
1.0 

10.7 

4.7 

0.4 
2.4 
7.4 
6.9 
10.3 
1.0 
2.9 
5.1 
3.6 
5.3 
3.0 

2.7 

0.7 


1.2 
3.4 

""s's" 

4.0 
0.5 

"i's' 
■■"i.'s" 

0.7 
(') 

'""o.T 
0.4 

""o.'i 
0.4 
0.2 
0.6 

0.4 
0.6 

0.8 

""(i.h' 
0.3 

""OA 

■■" o.'s' 




Nez Perces 


54.7 




42.3 


Umatilla 


17.6 




46.0 


Wallawalla 


35.8 


Warm Springs 

Yakima 


61.9 
9.5 




25.2 


SlIASTAN STOCK. 

Hat Creek 


North Dakota. 

South Dakota. 
Two Kettle Sioux. 
Other Teton Sioux 


17.5 
2S.0 
IS. 8 




79.1 




84.1 






85.4 


SHOSnONEAN STOCK. 


Wisconsin 

Yanktcn Sioux 

Montana 


85.4 
49.1 
59.1 




North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Yanktonai Sioux 

North Dakota ... 
South Dakota 

Tanoan stock. 








California 


56.6 


Hopi 
















California 


89.0 


Nevada 




83.8 
98.2 
90.6 
97.7 


Utah 




Paviotso 




California 






WaULATPUAN STOCK. 












San Luiseno 


60.1 




WaKASHAN STOCK. 






Nevada 




Utah 


70.0 


Wyoming ,.. 

Ute 


Washoas stock. 


Colorado 




Utah 


12 

30 

64 
182 

25 
5 
5 

86 
8 
8 

23 
6 
2 
1 

32 

125 

1 

13 
7 

50 

54 

50 

2 

5 

228 

42 

45 
131 
772 

96 
650 


4 

1 

i' 


0.9 

3.8 
5.2 
43.5 
42.4 


0.3 
0.1 

""6.'2' 


75.7 
76.6 




n^ilifnrnia . . 


SlOUAU STOCK. 




76.5 




WiNTtJN STOCK. 




Crow 




Hidatsa 






27.1 


Kansas 


YOKUTS STOCK. 

Yokuts 






§■ 

2' 

2 

3 

i' 

9 

9' 

79 


93.0 
47.9 
99.1 
98.6 
87.7 
98.7 
96.7 
99.7 
49.2 
84.1 
99.0 
83.3 
98.3 
24.2 
61.4 
89.3 
98.3 
93.9 
85.5 
79.4 
90.4 
84.9 
92.0 


7.0 
52.1 

0.9 

1.4 
10.9 

1.3 

3.3 

0.3 
50.8 
15.6 

1.0 
16.7 

1.7 
75.8 
37.2 
10.1 

1.7 

5.1 
14.0 
20.6 

9.6 
14.1 

7.3 
42.7 

6.3 


........ 

""0.3 



........ 

0.6 

"i.o 
0.6 

""i.o" 
0.7 

'"'o.'s' 










79.8 




YtJMAN STOCK. 




Oto 




Ponca 






98.8 


Oklahoma 


Diegueno 


75.1 






87.8 


Santee Sioux 


Mohave 


91.3 


Minnesota 


Arizona 


87.8 


Montana 


California .. . 


97.9 






94.0 


North Dakota 




84.1 


South Dakota 


Yuma 


94.0 


Sioux 


Ari/nn?^ 


92.7 


Minnesota 


California 


94.4 


South Dakota 

Sisseton Sioux 


YUROK STOCK. 

Weitspec 




North Dakota.... 


76.9 


South Dakota 

Teton Sioux 


ZUNIAN STOCK. 

Zuni 








South Dakota . 


79 


92.9 


93.4 









1 Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent. 



SEX DISTRIBUTION. 



In considering the classification of the Indian popu- 
lation according to sex, it should be noted that there 
is possibly a material margin of error. It may be that 
omissions of persons of the one sex have been more 
frequent than of persons of the other sex. Moreover, 
in the case of persons of mixed blood it is possible that 
more of one sex than of the other were reported as 
whites or Negroes instead of as Indians. Finally, 
there may be less accuracy in the case of one sex than 
of the other with respect to the reports as to the mix- 
ture of Indian blood with white or Negro blood, or as 
to the mixture of tribes in the case of full-blood In- 
dians. The possibility of such errors should be borne 
in mind in comparing the sex ratios. 

Comparative statistics. — Table 23 presents a com- 
parison of the sex distribution of the Indians in the 
United States and Alaska in 1910, 1900, and 1890. 



Table 23 


AEEA AND CENSUS TEAK. 


INDIAN POPmATION. 




Male. 


Female. 


Males to 

100 
females. 




UNTTED STATES. 


135,133 
119,484 
125,719 

12,995 
15,048 
12,996 


130,550 
117,712 
122, 534 

12.336 
14,488 
12,358 


103.5 


J900 


101.5 


1890 


102. 6 




ALASKA. 


105.3 


1900 


103.9 




105.2 







Of the 265,683 Indians reported in the United States 
in 1910, 135,133, or 50.9 per cent, were males, and 
130,550, or 49.1 per cent, females. The number of 
males to 100 females was 103.5. In Alaska the num- 
ber of males in 1910 was 12,995 and of females 12,336, 
the ratio of males to 100 females being 105.3. 

In 1910 the ratio of males to females among the In- 
dians (103.5 to 100) was not as great as in the total 
population of the United States (106). Among the 
native whites of native parentage the number of males 
to 100 females was 104 and among the foreign-born 
whites 129.2, but among the Negroes only 98.9. 

It appears from Table 23 that among the Indians 
the males were in excess at each enumeration both in 
the United States and in Alaska, and that the excess of 
males was greatest in 1910. According to the Office 
of Indian Affairs, the number of males to 100 females 
among the Indians was 94.7 in 1886 and 98.6 in 1885. 
The change to a preponderance of males may be due 
in part to the discontinuance of the formerly constant 



wars which reduced the proportion of males, but it 
may also be attributable in part to differences in the 
accuracy of the returns. 

The sex distribution of Indians, as reported, varies 
in the different states, as shown by Table 24 (p. 44). 
The tendency toward an increased proportion of males 
in 1910, as compared with 1890, is manifest in 16 of the 
22 states given in the table. The tendency has been 
in the opposite direction in 6 states, of which 4 — Cali- 
fornia, Washington, Nevada, and New Mexico — are in 
the "West; 1, Oklahoma, is in the Southwest; and 1, 
New York, is in the East. 

The excess of males or females in the Indian popu- 
lation for 1910 and 1890 is also shown graphically, by 
states, in the maps below. 

EXCESS OF MALES OR FEMALES IN THE INDIAN 
POPULATION: 1910. 




Number identical. 
I I Less than 100 Indians in state. 



Excess of males. 
Excess of females. 

EXCESS OF MALES OR FEM.4.LES IN THE INDI.\N 
POPULATION: 1890. 




Excess of males. ^2 Excess of females. 

I I Less than 100 Indians in state. 

(43) 



44 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



Table 24 

STATE. 


MALES TO 100 FEMALES IN 
THE INDLAN POPULATION. 




1910 


1900 


1890 


United States 


103.5 


101.5 


102.6 








106.4 
104.3 
120.5 
102.7 
> 132.8 
111.7 
102.3 
114.9 
100.4 
103.0 
101.0 
102.6 
103.5 
102.0 

98.8 
101.5 

99.1 

99.4 
115.4 

99.6 
106.5 
104.7 


104.8 
100.9 
110.7 
93.0 
131.5 
110.9 
100.0 
105.9 
99.5 
105.1 
106.7 
108. 1 
105.8 
100.4 
98.9 
98. 5 
93.2 
94.1 
106.5 
97.7 
106.7 
103.9 


99.1 


California 


105.5 




89.3 


Idaho ■. 


96.2 




132.3 


Michigan 


108.4 




90.3 


Mississippi 


105.2 




94.5 


Nebraska 


102.1 




111.0 


New Mexico , .... . . 


107.2 




110.9 


North Carolina 


96.1 


North Dalvota 


95.6 


Oldahoma 


106.9 




89.3 


South Dakota 


94 7 


Utah 


115.1 


Washin[:ton ... 


102.2 




106.4 




96.6 






Total for 22 states 


103.1 
114.6 


101.0 
122.3 


102 3 




111.8 







■ If Indians in Haskell Institute (326 male.s; 263 females) are excluded, the 
ratio is 136.1. Similar exclusions for 1900 and 1S90 can not be made. 

FuII-hlood and mixed-Mood Indians. — The number of 
males and females in the Indian population, classified 
according to the different mixtures of blood, is given 
in Table 25. 

Table 26 (p. 45) gives a statement, by divisions and 
states, of the number of Indians in 1910 distributed 
according to sex, with the number of full-bloods and 
mixed-bloods as far as reported. 



Table 25 

MIXTLTIE OF BLOOD. 


INDUN 


P0Ptn.ATi0N: 1910. 


Total. 


Male. 


Female. 


United States. . . 


265,683 


135,133 


130,550 




Full blood 


130,053 


75,667 


74,386 




Full tribal 


139,289 

10,231 

8,924 

1,327 

513 

93,423 


70,068 

5,353 

4,684 

669 

246 

48,157 


69,221 






4,240 
658 
267 


Three or more tribes 


Tribal blood of one parent unkno\vn.. 


Mixed blood 


45,266 






88,030 
18, 169 
24,353 
43,937 

1,571 

2,255 

717 

729 

780 

29 

1,793 

464 

80 

42 

35 

3 

801 

3,661 

18,546 

25,331 


45,348 
9,458 
12,644 
22,427 

819 

1,222 

396 

396 

415 

15 

912 

239 

37 

19 

18 


42,682 
8 711 


Less than half white 






More than half white . 


21 510 


Unkno%vn proportions, including "Mexi- 


752 






Less than half Negro 


321 


Half Nej^ro, half Indian 


333 




365 


Unknown proportions .... 


14 




881 


Either white or Negro and Indian .. 


225 


Other races and Indian 


43 


Polynesian 


23 






Filipino 


3 




399 

1,830 
9,479 

12,995 




Blood not reported: 


1,831 




9,067 








Full blood 


21,444 
3,887 


11,049 
1,946 


10,395 
1,941 


MLxed blood 




White and Indian 


3,843 

43 

9 

34 

1 


1,927 
18 
4 

14 

1 


1 916 




25 


Chinese 


5 















SEX DISTRIBUTION. 



45 



T^rnT*ANS IN THE UNITED STATES, BY DIVISIONS AND STATES, AND IN ALASKA, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO 
INDIANA IN lut uiNiii!.!^ oi/vi , ^^^ ^^^ PURITY OF BLOOD: 1910. 



Table 26 



DIVISION AND STATE. 



United States. 



BOTH SEXES. 



Total. 



265,683 



OEOORApmc DmsioNS: 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 



New England: 

Maine 

New Hampshire 

Vermont 

Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 

Connecticut 



Middle Atlantic: 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania . . 



East North Central: 

Ohio 

Indiana 

lUinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 



West North Central: 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missoiu"! 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 

Kansas 



South Atlantic: 

Delaware 

Maryland 

District of Columbia. 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

North CaroUna 

South Carolina 

Georgia 

Florida 



East South Central: 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 



West South Central: 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 



Mountain: 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico. 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 



Pacific: 

"Washington. 

Oregon 

California 



2,076 
7,717 
18,255 
41,406 
9,054 
2,612 
76,767 
75,338 
32,458 



Reported on special Indian 
schedule. 



Total. 



247,137 



1,320 
6,392 
16,502 
39, 435 
7,870 
1,488 
71,630 
73,074 
29, 420 



892 
34 
26 
688 
284 
152 



6,046 

1168 

2 1,503 



127 

279 

1S8 

7,519 

10, 142 



9,053 

471 

313 

6,486 

19, 137 

3,502 

• 2, 444 



55 

68 
539 

36 

7,851 

331 

95 

74 



234 

216 

909 

1,253 



460 

780 

74,825 

702 



10,745 
3,488 
1,486 
1,482 
20,573 
29,201 
3,123 
5,240 



10, 997 
5,090 
16, 371 



806 
3 



433 



78 



5,209 

62 

1,121 



40 

95 

9 

6,761 

9,597 



8,756 

302 

71 

6,168 

18, 822 

3,312 

2,004 



13 
362 



7,287 

188 



Full 
blood. 



Mixed 
blood. 



150,053 



448 

3,441 

8,838 

22, 903 

1,440 

1,083 

26,417 

65,319 

20, 164 



Blood 
not 



port- 
ed. 



93, 423 



872 

2,620 

7,631 

16, 159 

6,344 

396 

44,552 

5,945 

8,904 



20 



2,850 

62 

529 



26 

34 

1 

3,528 

5,249 



3,859 

280 

10 

2,499 

13,247 

2,294 

708 



384 
3 



Re- 
ported 
on 
gen- 
eral 
popu- 
lation 
sched. 
ule. 



3,661 18,546 



331 
33 
373 



661 

1,810 

358 



61 

251 

1,176 



1,394 
11 



423 

70,774 

433 



10,394 

3,426 

1, 458 

769 

20,279 

28,748: 

3,0511 

4,949 



9,852 

4,580 

14,994 



2 
4 

1,077 



2,028 
" ' '592 



14 

61 

8 

3,218 

4,330 



4, 
22 
55 

3,561 

5,408 
939 

1,288 



108 
167 
79 



756 
1,325 
1,753 
1,971 
1,184 
1,124 
5,137 
2,264 
3,032 



Total. 



135,133 



12 
296 



5,855 
177 



59 
247 
90 9 



293 

25,887 

237 



6,204 

2,864 

1,174 

718 

20,085 

27,087 

2,900 

4,287 



6,770 
2,901 
10, 493 



102 

44,288 

162 



1,895 
514 
284 
50 
175 
414 
105 
508 



3,019 
1,668 
4,217 



86 
31 
26 
255 
284 
74 



837 
106 
382 



87 
184 
179 
758 
545 



297 
169 
242 
318 
315 
190 
440 



5 
55 
55 
177 
36 
564 
143 
95 
54 



234 
155 

658 
77 



460 

28 357 

599 4,051 

34 269 



295 



1 

19 

1,247 

46 

154 



63 
11 

284 



351 

62 

28 

713 

294 

453 

72 

291 



1,145 

610 

1,377 



1,056 
4,103 
9,514 
20, 973 
4,582 
1,355 
38,670 
38,503 
16,377 



Reported on special Indian 
schedule. 



Total. 



Full 
blood. 



Mixed 
blood. 



6S5 
3,386 
8,587 
19,903 
3,986 
775 
36, 220 
37,251 
14,861 



465 
16 
13 
352 
134 
76 



3,075 
115 
913 



64 
153 

98 
3,968 
5,231 



4,578 
304 
156 
3,224 
9,540 
1,777 
1,394 



4 
19 
38 
285 
19 
3,964 
165 
47 
41 



124 

107 
454 
670 



216 

385 

37,690 

379 



5,384 

1,767 

760 

810 

10,420 

15,056 

1,673 

2,633 



5,487 
2,534 
8,356 



416 
2 



229 



75,667 



234 
1,835 
4,510 
11,410 
746 
580 
13,212 

33, isn 

9,954 



221 



38 



2,642 
50 
694 



20 

53 

2 

3,569 

4,943 



4,427 
164 
39 
3,062 
9,374 
1,675 
1,162 



190 



451 
1,400 
4,064 
8,300 
3,198 

190 

22, 675 

3,144 

4,735 



195 
2 



Blood 
not 
re- 
port- 
ed. 



Re- 
ported 
on 
gen- 
eral 
popu- 
lation 
sched- 
ule. 



151 

13 

193 

42 

5 

333 

921 

172 



218 
"36 



3,681 
97 



1,440 
50 
345 



15 

19 

1 

1,837 

2,638 



1,910 

150 

10 

1,239 

6,499 

1,156 

446 



AlisKA 25,331 25,331 21,444 3,887 12,995 12,995 11,049 1,946J j 12,336 12,336 10,395 1,941 



31 
117 
627 



349 



5 

34 

1 

1,726 
2,298 



2,514 

14 

29 

1,757 

2,795 

481 

710 



6 
156 



718 2,945 



151 



371 

717 

927 

1,070 

596 

580 

2,450 

1,252 

1,516 



Total. 



130,550 



1,020 

3,614 

8,741 

20,433 

4,472 

1,257 

38,097 

36, 835 

16,081 



Reported on special Indian 
schedule. 



121,483 



Total. 



214 

35,780 

226 



5,196 

1,732 

748 

398 

10,282 

14,787 

1,630 

2,478 



4,913 
2,279 
7,669 



140 

12,958 

114 



2,989 

1,426 

605 

369 

10, 182 

13,918 

1,551 

2,146 



3,291 
1,384 
5,279 



29 
116 

45 



56 

22,526 

93 



2,049 

276 

143 

29 

94 

247 

54 

252 



1,592 

889 

2,254 



18 

296 

19 



158 
30 



6 
622 
25 



49 
14 
13 
123 
134 
38 



433 

65 

219 



44 
100 
96 



151 
140 
117 
162 
166 
102 
232 



4 

19 
31 
95 
19 
283 
68 
47 
30 



124 
76 

337 
43 



216 

171 

1,910 

153 



188 
35 
12 
412 
138 
269 
43 
155 



574 
255 
687 



635 
3,006 
7,915 
19,532 
3,884 
713 
35,410 
35,823 
14,565 



Full 
blood. 



Mixed 
blood. 



74,386 



427 
18 
13 
336 
150 
76 



2,971 
53 
590 



63 
126 

90 
3,551 
4,911 



4,475 
167 
157 
3,262 
9,597 
1,725 
1,050 



1 

36 
30 

254 

17 

3,887 

166 
48 
33 



110 
109 
455 
583 



244 

395 

37, 135 

323 



5,361 
1,721 
726 
672 
10, 153 
14,145 
1,450 
2,607 



5,510 
2,556 
8,015 



390 
1 



204 
"46 



214 

1,606 
4,328 
11, 493 
694 
503 
13,205 
32, 133 
10,210 



45,266 



Blood 
not 



port- 
ed. 



Re- 
port- 
ed on 

gen- 
eral 
popu- 
lation 
sched- 
ule. 



2,567 
12 
427 



20 

42 

7 

3,192 

4,654 



4,329 

138 

32 

3,106 

9,448 

1,637 

842 



172 



421 
1,220 
3,567 
7,859 
3,146 

206 

21,877 

2,801 

4,169 



195 



36 



1,410 
12 

184 



3,606 
91 



30 
134 
549 



1,691 
2,611 



1,949 

130 

6 

1,260 

6,748 

1,138 

262 



180 
20 
180 
44 
4 
328 
889 
186 



9,067 



180 



9 
27 

7 
1,492 
2,032 



2,372 

8 

26 

1,804 

2,613 

458 

578 



209 

34, 994 

207 



5,198 

1,694 

710 

371 

9,997 

13,961 

1,421 

2,471 



4,939 
2,301 
7,325 



676 
3 



3 
500 



153 

12,929 

123 



3,215 

1,438 

569 

349 

9,903 

13,169 

1,349 

2,141 



3,479 
1,517 
5,214 



2,910 



385 

608 

826 

901 

588 

544 

2,687 

1,012 

1,516 



24 



20 



30 
131 

45 



46 
21,762 



,846 
238 
141 
21 
81 
167 
51 
256 



1,427 

779 

1,963 



10 

303 
15 



137 

IS 



13 
625 
21 



37 
17 
13 

132 
150 
36 



404 
41 
163 



43 

84 



359 

257 



146 
29 
125 
156 
149 
88 
208 



1 
36 
24 
82 
17 
281 
75 
48 
24 



110 
79 

321 
34 



244 

186 

2,141 

116 



163 
27 
16 
301 
158 
184 
29 
136 



671 
255 
690 



I Includes 62 full-blood Indians enumerated in Wild West Show. ■> Includes 1,010 Indians enumerated in Carlisle Indian School. 

3 Includes 591 Indians enumerated m Haskell Institute. 



The ratio of males to 100 females among full-bloods 
and among mbced-bloods is shown in Table 27 (p. 46). 

In the United States, according to the returns, the 
number of males to 100 females was considerably less 



(101.7) among full-blood Indians than among those of 
mixed blood (106.4). This condition is reversed in 
Alaska, where the proportion of males to 100 females 
was 106.2 among fuU-bloods and 100.3 among mixed- 



46 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



bloods. As the numbei" of mixed-bloods in Alaska 
was comparatively small, however, no rehable conclu- 
sions can be based on the sex distribution among them. 

EXCESS OF MALES OR FEMALES AMONG INDL^NS OF FULL 
BLOOD: 1910. 




^gf^ Excess of males. W'-A Excess of females. 

i I L«S3 than 100 full-blood Indians In state. 

EXCESS OF MALES OR FEMj\.LES AMONG INDIANS OF MIXED 
BLOOD: 1910. 




(2Z Excess of males. Vjiiii Excess of females. 

I ' I Less than 100 Indians of mixed blood in state. 



Table 27 


INDIAN population: 1910. 


CLASS. 


United States. 


.\la£ka. 




Male. 


Female. 


Males 

to 100 

females. 


Male. 


Female. 


Males 

to 100 

females. 


Total 


135, 133 


130,550 


103.5 


12,995 


12,336 


105 3 






Fnll blood. ... 


75,667 
4S, 157 
11,309 


74, 386 
45,266 
10,898 


101.7 
106.4 
103.8 


11,049 
1,946 


10,395 
1,941 


106 ** 


Mbccd blood 




Blood not reported . . 













The greater preponderance of males shown among 
the mixed-bloods than among the fuU-bloods m the 
United States is probably due in part to the tendency 
to report as white, Indian women of mixed blood who 
are maiTietl to white men. This theory is supported 
by a study of the sex distribution of 23,4G4 children 
under 5 years of age, presented in Table 2S. 

Table 28 shows that in the case of children under 
5 years of age the excess of males was somewhat 
greater among full-bloods than among mixed-bloods. 



Table 28 


INDIAN CHILDREN UNDER 
5 YEABS OF age: 1910. 


CLASS. 


Male. 


Female. 


Males 

to 100 

females. 


Total 


11,905 


11,559 


103.0 




Full blood 


5,728 
6,177 


5,52b 
6,033 


103.7 
102.4 


Mixedblood 





Table 29, derived from Table 26, gives for the 22 
selected states the number of males to 100 females 
among fuU-bloods and mLxed-bloods. This table shows 
that among the Indians of full blood the males were 
reported as in excess in all of the states in the table 
except 7, namely, Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Mon- 
tana, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Minnesota; 
these 7 states form a contmuous area in the north- 
western part of the Uniteil States. Among the Indians 
of mixed blood males were in excess in every state 
except Nevada and North Dakota. The proportion of 
males to 100 females was greater among the mixed- 
bloods than among the fuU-bloods in the majority of 
the states for which both ratios are showTi. 

The excess of males or females among Indians of 
full blood and mLxed blood is also shown graphically 
in the maps on this page. 



Table 29 

STATE. 


MALES TO 100 
FEMALES IN THE 

INDIAN popula- 
tion: 1910. 




Full 
blood. 


Mixed 
blood. 


UnitedStates 


101.7 


106.4 








105.7 
101.2 
105.7 

99.2 
170.2 
108.6 

98.0 
115.4 

93.0 
101.6 
100.2 
102. S 
102.1 
106.2 

98.3 
100.2 

91.2 

96.3 
115.0 

94.6 
101.0 
106.3 




California.- 


114 8 




116 


Idaho 






Michigan 


115.7 


Minnesota 


106 




(>) 
111 


Montana 






Nevada , 


98.4 


New Mexico 


107.6 


New York 


North Carolina 


101.2 


North Dakota 


97.4 




103.5 


Oregon 


114.1 


South Dakota 


107.0 


Utah 


111.6 




Wisconsin . . 


113 1 


Wyoming 


101.4 






Total for 22 states 


101.3 
130.9 


106.2 


All other states. .... 


113 







1 Ratio not shown, the number of females being less than 100. 

2 Exclusive of Indians in Haskell Institute, who are included in the total for 
".\11 other states." 

The number of Indians in each stock and tribe in 
the United States and Alaska in 1910 is distributed in 
detail according to purity of blood, sex, and age in 
Tables 51 (p. 123) and 52 (p. 154). Table 30 shows the 
number of males to 100 females m each principal 
stock and tribe, and for certain tribes in each principal 
state, for the total number of Indians, and for those 
of full blood and mixed blood separately. 



SEX DISTRIBUTION. 



47 



MALES TO 100 FEMALES, BY PURITY OF BLOOD, FOR EACH PRINCIPAL STOCK, TRIBE, AND STATE: 1910. 
(This table shows each stock and tribe having 100 or more lemales in 1910. Ratio not shown where number of females is less than 100,] 



Table 30 


INDIANS KEPOSTED ON SPECIAL SCHEDULE: 1910. 


STOCK, TRIBE, AND 
STATE. 


INDIANS REPORTED ON SPECUL SCHEDtn.E: 1910. 


STOCK, TRIBE, AND 


Total.i 


Full blood. 


Mixed blood. 


Total.i 


Full blood. 


Mixed blood. 


STATE. 


Uale. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 



•UNITED STATES. 



ALOONOmAN 

STOCK 

Arapaho 

Oklahoma 

Wyoming 

Cheyenne 

Montana 

Oklahoma 

Chippewa 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Montana 

North Dakota 

Wisconsin 

Cree 

Montana 

Delaware 

Gros Ventres...'. 

Kiekapoo 

Menominee 

Miami 

Ottawa 

Michigan 

Passamaquoddy 

Penobscot 

Piegan 

Potawatomi 

Kansas 

Michigan 

Oklahoma 

Wisconsin 

Sauk and Fox.. 

Iowa 

Oklahoma 

Shawnee 

Stockbridges 



Athapaskan 

STOCK 

Apache 

Arizona 

Oklahoma 

Hupa 

Jicarilia.\pache. 
Mescalero 

Apache 

Navajo 

Arizona 

NewMexico... 

Utah 

Rogue River... 
Wailaki 



Caddo AN stock. 

Arikara 

Caddo 

Pawnee 

Wichita 



Chimakuan stock 
Quileute 



21,004 



727 

352 

353 

1,510 

640 

771 

10,325 

1,977 

4,106 

251 

1,496 

2,175 

224 

159 

456 

257 

194 

766 

122 

1,429 

1,280 

197 

140 

1,122 

1,368 

486 

251 

459 

141 

377 

138 

182 

626 

270 



15, 324 



CmNooKAN stock 

Chinook 

Wasco 

Wishram 



CROAHN GEOtJP.. 

Croatan 



Iroqcoian stock. 

Cherokee 

North Carolina 
Oklahoma 

Mohawk 

Oneida 

Wisconsin. 



19,971 



333 

350 

1,545 

706 

751 

9,8S9 

1,748 

4,068 

235 

1,470 

2,124 

235 

150 

458 

253 

154 

556 

104 

1, 288 

1,174 

189 

126 

1,146 

1,072 

333 

210 

407 

104 

347 

119 

165 

712 

263 



15, 082 



2,514 

2,336 

142 

312 

355 

190 

11,346 

6,622 

5,123 

552 

206 

105 



906 



209 
231 
307 
150 



154 



129 



160 
127 
138 



2,913 



2,913 



20,339 



105.2 



2,459 

2,316 

129 

327 

339 

234 

11,109 

6,379 

5,231 

487 

177 

122 



957 



235 
221 
326 
168 



152 



155 
115 
136 



1,952 



2,952 



19, 340 



15, 384 
645 

14, 627 

190 

1,160 

998 



105.1 
105.7 
100.9 

97.7 

90.7 
102.7 
104.4 
113.1 
102.4 
106.8 
101.8 
102.4 

95.3 
106.0 

99.6 
101.6 
126.0 
116.8 
117.3 
110.9 
109.0 
104.2 
111. 1 

97.9 
127.6 
145.9 
119.5 
112.8 
135.6 
108.6 
116.0 
110.3 

87.9 
102.7 



101.61 14,211 



670 

31S 

332 

1,310 

550 

702 

3,482 

817 

1,7S9 

37 

34 
765 

18 

17 
128 
198 
127 
373 

32 
904 
866 
150 

49 
573 
533 
195 
142 

55 
130 
288 
131 
137 
246 

72 



9,257 9,139 101.3 



11,608 



102.2 
100.9 
110.1 
95.4 
104.7 

81.2 
102.1 
104.5 

97.9 
113.3 
llfi. 4 

86.1 



94.7 



88.9 
104.5 
94.2 
89.3 



101.3 



104.8 



103.2 
110.4 
101.5 



105.2 



104.7 
118.0 
103.8 
93.7 
110.0 
111.1 



1.919 

1,747 

139 

159 

355 

185 

11, 257 

5,566 

5,102 

549 

113 

34 



758 



171 
172 
261 
146 



142 



75 
108 



222 



222 



6,143 



3, .555 
496 

3,024 
31 

1,102 
975 



641 

303 

329 

1,352 

631 

677 

3,488 

741 

1,806 

47 

24 

S36 

22 

is 

151 
W2 
113 
331 

27 
810 
798 
145 

36 
641 
427 
124 
139 

60 

97 
259 
. 114 
123 
289 
112 



14,053 



104.5 
105.0 
100.9 

96.9 

87.2 
103.7 

99.8 
110.3 

99.1 



84. S 
103.1 
112.4 
112.7 



110.8 
108. 5 
103.4 



89.4 
124.8 
157. 3 
102.2 



111.2 
114.9 
111.4 

85. 1 
64.3 



101.1 



1,882 

1,744 

124 

186 

339 

226 

11,047 

5,334 

5,220 

485 

110 

48 



816 



201 
164 
283 
162 



122 



28 
84 
108 



236 



236 



1,345 
438 

1, 895 

32 

990 

879 



102.0 
100.2 
112.1 
85.5 
104.7 

81.9 
101.9 
104.3 

97.7 
113. 2 
102.7 



92.9 



85.1 
104.9 
92. 2 
90!l 



98.6 
96.7 



93.7 



94.1 



106.0 



106.; 

113.: 

104.! 



10,711 



57 

34 

21 

164 

56 

67 

6,781 

1,154 

2,374 

214 

1,410 

1,409 

205 

141 

326 

59 

67 

391 

89 

525 

414 

47 

91 

548 

833 

291 

109 

402 

11 

86 

7 

42 

37 S 

196 



568 



75 

69 

3 

153 



143 



237 



135 
62 
30 



2,674 



2,674 



13, 917 



12, 426 
264 

11,9.39 
146 
172 
132 



51 

30 

21 

155 

41 

72 

6,357 

998 

2,255 

188 

1,419 

1,287 

213 

132 

307 

60 

40 

325 

77 

472 

376 

44 

90 

505 

645 

209 

71 

347 

7 

85 

5 

39 

422 

144 



105.8 



106.7 
115.6 
105.3 
113.8 

99.4 
109.5 

96.2 
106.8 
106.2 



111.2 
110.1 



108.5 
129.1 
139.2 



199 



126 
31 
27 



13,226 



11,903 
205 

11,501 
l.iS 
161 
116 



120.3 



89.6 
136.1 



108.5 



106.7 



119.1 
107.1 



99.1 



IROQCOUN 
STOCK— Contd. 

Onondaga 

St. Regis 

Seneca 

New York... 

Oklahoma... 

Tuscarora 

Wyandot 



KAROK STOCK. 

Orleans 



KERESAN STOCK.. 

Acoma 

Cochiti 

Laguna 

San Felipe 

Santo Domingo. 



KlOWAN STOCK. 

Kiowa 



KUTENAIAN'STOCK 



Kutenai 

Montana . 



LUTUAMIAN STOCK 

Klamath 

Modoc 

Oregon 

Maidu STOCK 

Maidu 

MlWOK STOCK 

Miwok 



MUSKHOGEAN 
STOCK 



Alibamu 

Texas 

Chickasaw... 

Choctaw 

Mississippi 

Oklahoma. 

Creek 

Oklahoma. 

Seminole 

Oklahoma. 



PiMAN STOCK 4,467 



183 
643 

1,478 

1,266 

99 

214 

198 



2,126 



347 
131 
756 
272 
434 



288 
227 



334 
134 
99 



568 



323 



14, 727 



144 

87 

2.061 

8,118 

620 

7,402 

3,468 

3,311 

891 

760 



PapagO 1,947 

Piman 2,198 

Yaqui 301 



POMO STOCK.. 

Pomo 



603 



SALISHAN STOCK. 



Chehalis 

Clallam 

Coeur d'.Mene. 

Columbia 

Colville 

Flathead 

Montana 

Kalispel 

Montana 



4,017 



149 
213 
159 
199 
418 
236 
196 
291 
202 



182 
576 
1,429 
1,219 
116 
186 
155 



387 



1,901 



344 
106 
716 
218 
383 



2.'J2 
197 



362 
148 
113 



532 



532 



347 



14,464 



154 

100 

2,143 

7,799 

542 

7,149 

3,477 

3,343 

838 

743 

4,140 



1,851 

2,038 

227 



590 
380 



100.5 
111.6 
103.4 
103.9 
85.3 
115.1 
127.7 



100.3 



111.8 



100.9 
123.6 
105.6 
124.8 
113.3 



113.5 



113.5 
115.2 



92.3 
90.5 
87.6 



94.7 



93.1 



101.8 



93.5 
87.0 
96.2 
104.1 
114.4 
103.5 
99.7 
99.0 
106.3 
102.3 

107.9 



105.2 
107.9 
132.6 



102.2 
104.5 



105.3 



133 
185 
134 
186 
367 
250 
204 
273 
184 



112.0 
115. 1 
118.7 
107.0 
113.9 
94.4 
96. 1 
106.6 
109.8 



166 



2,105 



141 

48 

1,043 

959 

28 

164 

18 



345 
131 

738 
271 
434 



373 



130 



130 
76 



209 
88 
73 



269 



269 



159 



4,316 



1,900 

2.163 

237 



458 
304 



114 
126 
123 
163 
170 
101 
90 
184 
113 



158 
85 

979 

899 
42 

141 
16 



341 
106 

689 
218 
383 



125 
72 



250 
110 
95 



6,772 



150 

100 

614 

3,396 

500 

2,852 

1,913 

1,902 

648 

623 

4,028 



1,803 

2,012 

189 



303 



2,515 



126 
113 
139 
175 
105 
90 
177 
113 



106.5 
106.7 



112.5 



101.2 
123.6 
107.1 
124. 3 
113.3 



83.6 
80.0 



97.8 



97.8 
90.6 



90.3 



97.0 



105.4 
107.0 
125.4 



100.0 
108.8 
110.1 
97.1 
96.2 



104.0 
100.0 



41 
595 
291 
163 
71 
47 
179 



222 



159 
159 



156 
151 



124 
46 
26 



290 

177 



164 



7,743 



1,546 

4,363 

40 

4.281 

1,609 

1,472 

222 

128 

101 



1,485 



35 
87 
22 
44 
247 
135 
106 
106 



23 
491 
281 
151 
74 
36 
139 



189 
18 



137 

127 



127 
125 



150 



112 
38 
18 



251 



251 



178 



170 



1,529 

4,352 

38 

4.258 

1,522 

1,400 

170 

100 



1,261 



121.2 
103.6 
107.9 



128.8 



116.1 
116.1 

122.8 



122.8 
120.8 



113.3 



110.7 



115.5 



96.5 



101.1 
100.3 



100.5 
105.7 
105.1 
130.6 
128.0 



103.7 



117.8 



46 
59 
12 
44 
190 
145 
114 
96 
71 



130.0 
93.1 
93.0 



1 Totals include Indians for whom the blood was not reported. 



48 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



MALES TO 100 FEMALES, BY PURITY OF BLOOD, FOR EACH PRINCIPAL STOCK, TRIBE, AND STATE: 1910— Continued. 

[This table shows each stock and tribe having 100 or more females in 1910. Ratio not shown where number of females is less than 100.] 



Table 30— Con. 


INDIAN3 EEPOBTED ON SPECIAL SCHEDULE: 1910. 


STOCK, TKIBE, AND 
STATE. 


INDLANS BEPOETED OK SPECIAL SCHEDULE: 1910. 


STOCE,TBIBE,ANI> 


Total.i 


FuU blood. 


Mixed blood. 


Total.i 


Full blood. 


Mixed blood. 


8TATE. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 



■UNITED STATES— Continued. 



Salishan stock — 




















SlOUAN STOCK— 








































Continued. 






















184 


169 


108.9 


94 


106 


88.7 


90 


63 




Teton Sioux- 




















Okinagan 


136 


136 


100.0 


56 


65 




73 


62 




Continued. 




















Puyallup 

Quinaielt 


151 


152 


99.3 


87 


91 




62 


57 




Minniconjou 




















153 


135 


113.3 


111 


108 


102.8 


42 


27 




Sioux 


186 


211 


88.2 


166 


187 


88.8 


15 


18 




Sanpoil 


114 
343 


126 
321 


90.5 
106.9 


87 
233 


93 
239 


"97."5' 


18 
108 


23 
82 




Oglala Sioux.. 
Sans Arc 


3,018 


3,027 


99.7 


2,094 


2,074 


101.0 


879 


915 


96.1 








301 
176 


342 
203 


88.0 
86.7 


185 
130 


224 
151 


82.6 
86.1 


115 
46 


118 
52 


97.5 


Sioux 

Sihasapa 


110 
243 


112 
242 


98.2 
100.4 


27 
165 


37 

168 


"98.'2' 


81 
74 


71 
69 








Suquamtsh 


163 


144 


113.2 


92 


85 




71 


59 




S. Dakota.. 


177 


169 


104.7 


144 


138 


104.3 


29 


26 




178 


155 


114.8 


142 


137 


103.6 


36 


18 




Two Kettle 








































Sioux 


169 


124 


136.3 


79 


64 




88 


58 
























Other Teton 




















STOCK 


2,085 


2,306 


90.4 


1,563 


1,809 


86.4 


509 


489 


104.1 


Sioux 

Winnebago 

Nebraska 


2,434 
918 


2,330 
909 


96.2 
101 8 


1,933 
769 


2,057 
774 


94.0 
99 4 


494 
149 


468 


105.6 
116 4 


KlUcitat 


190 


215 


88.4 


155 


180 


86.1 


31 


33 




527 


4 SO 


109.8 


448 


417 


107.4 


79 


63 




Nez Perces 


626 


633 


98.9 


470 


500 


94.0 


147 


129 


114.0 


Wisconsin 


341 


394 


86.5 


289 


341 


84.8 


52 


53 




Idaho 


504 


531 


94.9 


381 


423 


90.1 


114 


104 


109.6 


Yankton Sioux. 


988 


1,100 


89.8 


636 


712 


89.3 


343 


375 


91.5 


Umatilla 


114 


158 


72.2 


87 


132 


65.9 


27 


26 




Montana 


169 


203 


S).3 


126 


153 


82.4 


42 


50 




Wallawalla 


204 


193 


105.7 


66 


60 




138 


133 


iois 


South Dakota 


730 


804 


90.8 


433 


477 


90.8 


289 


314 


92.0 


Warm Springs.. 


235 


293 


86.4 


250 


288 


86.8 


1.,^ 


7 




y an kto n ai 




















Yakima 


632 


730 


86.6 


474 


569 


83.3 


159 


99.4 


Sioux 


639 


718 


89.0 


537 


607 


88.5 


101 


109 


92.7 






















North Dakota 


269 


2S2 


95.4 


235 


238 


98.7 


34 


44 
























South Dakota 


308 


435 


84.6 


300 


36S 


81.5 


67 


65 




ShASTAN STOCK... 


757 


821 


92.2 


557 


605 


92.1 


198 


215 


92.1 


TANOAN STOCK... 


1,636 


1,504 


108.8 


1,565 


1,440 


108.7 


52 


49 




Hat Creek 

Pit River 


129 
469 
159 
110 


111 
516 
194 
145 


116.2 
90.9 
82.0 
75.9 


120 

400 

37 

19 


100 

441 

64 

43 


120.0 
90.7 


9 
69 

120 
91 


11 
75 
129 
101 


"93.'6 
90.1 




Shasta 


497 
281 
205 


459 
218 
182 


10S.3 
12s. 9 
112.6 


464 
281 
204 


430 

218 
178 


107.9 
128.9 
114.6 


14 


14 




California 








San Juan 


1 


4 




Shoshone AN 




















Santa Clara 


134 


143 


93.7 


129 


139 


92.8 


5 


4 




STOCK 


8,620 


8,222 


104.8 


7,500 


7,172 


104.6 


992 


936 


106.0 


Taos 


272 


245 


111.0 


268 


241 


111.2 


4 


4 








Bannock 


214 


199 


107.5 


169 


154 


109.7 


45 


45 






Chemehuevi — 


177 


178 


99.4 


156 


159 


98.1 


21 


19 




Waiilatpuan 




















California 

Comanche 


131 
590 

1,061 
419 
688 
413 
132 
126 

1 483 


129 

5S1 
948 
336 
760 
367 
115 
112 
1 555 


101.6 
101.5 
111.9 
124.7 

90.5 
112.5 
IH. 8 
112.5 

95 4 


119 
362 

1,059 
398 
564 
357 
123 
103 

1 296 


123 

374 
947 
304 
651 
317 
106 
95 
1 368 


96.7 
96.8 
111.8 
130.9 
86.6 
112.6 
116.0 

'94' 7' 


12 

214 

2 

21 

118 

40 

9 

8 

112 


6 
193 

1 
31 
105 
38 
9 
5 
115 


iio.g 

'ii2.'4 

"'97 4 


STOCK 

Cayuse 


160 


169 


94.7 


125 


143 


87.4 


34 


26 




139 
195 


159 
193 


87.4 
101.0 


117 
183 


137 
178 


85.4 
102.8 


21 
12 


22 

15 




Kawia 


Wakashan 

STOCK 

Makah 








Paiute ... 




Nevada 






185 


175 


105.7 


177 


165 


107.3 


8 


10 




Nevada 


1,174 


1,240 


94.7 


1,019 


1,094 


93.1 


81 


75 
























Oregon 


167 


174 


96.0 


165 


169 


97.6 


2 


5 
























San Luiseno — 
Shoshoni 


239 

1,967 
638 


228 

1,873 

621 


104.8 
105.0 
102 7 


178 

1,699 

579 


173 

1,630 

574 


102.9 
104.2 
100 9 


60 
264 
56 


55 
241 
45 


'i69."5 


WaSHOAN STOCK. 


414 


405 


102.2 


335 


308 


108. 8 


74 


96 




Washo 


414 


405 


102.2 


335 


308 


108.8 


74 


96 




Nevada 


795 


760 


104.6 


710 


682 


104.1 


84 


78 




California 


134 


139 


96.4 


112 


116 


96.6 


22 


23 




Utah 


116 
368 


132 
332 


87.9 
110.8 


113 

267 


127 
235 


89.0 
113.6 


3 
101 


5 
97 




Nevada 


274 


262 


104.6 


223 


191 


116.8 


46 


70 




Wyoming 




Ute 


1,211 
372 
810 


1,033 
353 
662 


117.2 
105.4 
122.4 


1,144 
363 
764 


968 
344 
618 


118.2 
105.5 
123.6 


56 

9 

36 


56 
9 
35 




WDJTUN STOCK... 

Wintun 


382 


328 


116.5 


156 


126 


123. S 


199 


174 




Colorado 

Utah 


114.4 




211 


188 


112.2 


66 


55 




145 


133 


109.0 


SlOUAN STOCK.... 


16,541 


16,400 


100.9 


11,157 


11,378 


98.1 


5,133 


4,772 


107.6 




280 


253 


110.7 


206 


195 


105.6 


64 


40 




Assiniboin 


643 


610 


105.4 


393 


400 


98.3 


244 


203 


120.2 




Crow 


903 
288 
127 
133 
107 


896 
239 
117 
105 
102 


100.8 
111.2 
108. 5 
126.7 
104.9 


616 

228 

31 

48 

80 


626 
190 
28 
25 

85 


98.4 
120.0 


202 
60 
96 

87 
27 


194 
69 
89 
80 
17 


104.1 






















Hidatsa 


172 


130 


132.3 


145 


110 


131.8 


21 


14 














Mandan 






566 
713 
181 
432 
307 


539 
660 
151 
443 
312 


105.0 
lOS. 
119.9 
97.5 
9S. 4 


449 
307 
112 
224 
186 


436 
284 
99 
237 
188 


103.0 
108.1 

"m.'s' 

98.9 


80 
406 

69 
205 
118 

63 


64 
373 

52 
203 
121 


'ios.'s 

ioi.o 
97.5 


YUMAN STOCK 

Cocopa 


2,301 


1,978 


116.3 


2,149 


1,851 


116.1 


123 


98 








Oto 


130 
408 
195 


115 
348 
191 


113.0 
117.2 
10^ 1 


130 
312 

189 


113 
273 
178 


115.0 
114.3 
106 2 


■■■■96" 
2 


2 
75 




Ponca . 


Diegueno 

Maricopa 




Oklahoma 

Quapaw 

Santee Sioux... 






55 


585 


473 


123.7 


572 


406 


122.7 


3 


6 




782 


757 


103.3 


,385 


414 


93.0 


397 


343 


115.7 


Arizona 


372 


295 


126.1 


360 


291 


123.7 


2 


3 




Minnesota 


113 


119 


9.5.0 


45 


55 




68 


64 




California 


212 


177 


119.8 


211 


174 


121.3 


1 


3 




Nebraska 


349 


359 


97.2 


197 


213 


92.5 


152 


146 


104.1 


Walapai 


271 


2.30 


117.8 


262 


223 


117.5 


9 


7 




South Dakota 


208 


170 


122.4 


71 


74 




137 


96 




Yavapai 


156 


133 


117.3 


137 


119 


115.1 


4 


1 






652 
155 


444 
122 


124.3 
127.0 


271 

47 


223 
51 


121.5 


269 
107 


208 
69 


129.3 


Yuma 


435 
338 


399 
304 


109.0 
111.2 


426 
332 


390 
296 


109.2 
112.2 


9 
6 


7 
6 




South Dakota 


California 




Sisseton Sioux.. 


1,278 


1,236 


103.4 


801 


830 


96.5 


474 


402 


117.9 






















Montana 


130 


125 


104.0 


96 


108 


88.9 


34 


17 
























North Dakota 


294 


327 


89.9 


232 


237 


97.9 


59 


87 






327 


341 


95.9 


246 


282 


87.2 


81 


59 




South Dakota 


806 

7,100 

164 


747 

7,184 

206 


107.9 
98.8 
79.0 


4.54 

5,235 

95 


472 

5,363 

1.30 


96.2 
97.6 
73.1 


352 

1,796 

69 


274 

1,755 

76 


i28.5 
102.3 


Weitspec 




















Teton Sioux 

N.Dakota.. 


327 


341 


95.9 


246 


282 


87.2 


81 


59 




S. Dakota.. 


6,868 


6,927 


99.1 


5, 083 


5,206 


97.6 


1,716 


1,6.55 


103.7 






















Brule Sioux.. 


413 


391 


106.1 


300 


293 


102.4 


115 


97 
























Hunk pa pa 

Sioux 

8 Dakota 


625 
468 


547 
462 


96.0 
101.3 


471 
423 


483 
412 


97.5 
102.7 


50 

41 


59 
45 




ZtlKIAN STOCK 


870 


797 


109.2 


859 


793 


108.3 


11 


4 






Zuni 


870 


797 


109.2 


859 


793 


108.3 


11 


4 











'Totals include Indians for whom the blood was not reported. 



SEX DISTRIBUTION. 



49 



MALES TO 100 FEMALES, BY PURITY OF BLOOD, FOR EACH PRINCIPAL STOCK, TRIBE, AND STATE: 1910— Continued. 
[This table shows each stock and tribe having 100 or more females in 1910. Ratio not shown whore number of females is less than 100.1 



Table 3»— Con. 


INDIANS REPORTED ON SPECUL SCHEDULE: 1910. 


STOCK, TRIBE, AND 
STATE. 


INDIANS REPORTED ON SPECIAL SCHEDULE: 1910. 


STOCK, TRIBE, AND 


Total.' 


Fifll blood. 


MLxed blood. 


Total.' 


FuU blood. 


Mixed blood. 


STATE. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. J^-, 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 
fe- 
males 



ALASKA. 



Athapaskan 

STOCK 


2,009 


1,907 


105.3 


1,875 


1,767 


106.1 


134 


140 


95." 


ESKIMAUAN 
STOCK— Con. 


149 
1,899 

281 


143 

1,751 

249 


104.2 
108.5 

112.9 


148 
1,645 

201 


142 
1,541 

176 


104.2 
106.7 

114.2 


1 
254 

80 


1 

210 

73 




Ahtena 


161 
380 
1S8 
216 

7,310 


130 
317 
171 
199 

6,777 


US. 4 
119.9 
109.9 
108.5 

107.9 


158 
364 
184 
204 

6,666 


135 
308 
165 
192 

6,193 


117.0 
118.2 
1U.5 
106.3 

107.6 


3 

16 
4 
12 

644 


1 
9 
6 

7 

584 


110.3 


Southern Eski- 
mo. 




Knaiakhotana 


121 


Kutchin 

Tenankutcliin,. 


HaIDAN STOCK... 

Haida 






281 
2,223 


249 
2,203 


112.9 
100.9 


201 
1,945 


176 
1,945 


114.2 
100.0 


80 
278 


73 

258 






TLINGIT STOCK 

Auk 




Aleut.. 


75S 
180 
374 
120 
330 
301 
212 
741 
176 
292 
158 
161 
140 
159 
221 


693 
146 
408 
118 
264 
260 
153 
739 
200 
271 
127 
140 
118 
161 
220 


109.4 
123.3 

91.7 
101.7 
125.0 
115.8 
134.2 
100.3 

88.0 
107.7 
124.4 
115.0 
118.6 

98.8 
100.5 


523 
165 
366 
109 
322 
293 
206 
723 
176 
282 
153 
160 
140 
153 
211 


476 
134 
402 
100 
254 
253 
155 
724 
200 
264 
124 
139 
US 
147 
210 


109.9 
123.1 
91.0 
109.0 
126.8 
115.8 
132.9 
99.9 
88.0 
106.8 
123.4 
115.1 
118.6 
104.1 
100.5 


235 
15 
8 
11 
8 
8 
6 
IS 


217 
12 
6 
18 
10 
7 
3 
15 


108. 3 




Chnagmiut 


107.8 


Ikogmiut 

Kaviagmiut 

Kinugumiut 


143 

350 
114 
303 
268 
163 
295 
143 

384 


124 
340 
100 
322 
268 
159 
313 
164 

345 


U5.3 
102.9 
114.0 
94.1 
100.0 
102.5 
94.2 
87.2 

111.3 


132 
318 
101 
286 
247 
141 
248 
131 

333 


110 
311 
91 
304 
251 
135 
279 
145 

282 


120.0 
102.2 

"94.1' 
98.4 

104.4 
88.9 
90.3 

U8.1 


11 
32 
13 
17 
21 
22 
47 
12 

51 


14 
29 
9 
18 
17 
24 
34 
19 

63 




Chilkat 








Kuskovakmiut. 
Kuskwogmiut.. 






Hutsnuwu 

Kake. . 







Sitka 




Malemiut 

Nunatogmiut... 
Nunivagmiut... 
Selawigmiut. . 


10 
5 

1 


7 
3 
1 






Yakutat 

TSIMSHIAN STOCK. 

Tsimshian 






6 
10 


14 
10 






Unaligmiut 


384 


345 


111.3 


333 


282 


118. 1 


51 


63 





' Totals include Indians for whom the blood was not reported. 



Of the principal stocks in the United States, as 
given in Table 30, there are nine in which there was 
an excess of females in 1910. These stocks, with the 
ratios of males to 100 females, are Shahaptian, 90.4; 
Kiowan, 90.S; Lutuamian, 91.8; Shastan, 92.2; Cad- 
doan, 94.7; Miwok, 94.7; Waiilatpuan, 94.7; Yurok, 
95.9 ; Croatan group, 98.7. For each of the other prin- 
cipal stocks the males exceeded the females in 1910, 
the largest ratios of males to each 100 females shown 
being 116.5 and 116.3 for the Wintun and Yuman, 
respectively. For some of the larger stocks as a 
whole, but with considerable variations for the re- 
spective tribes and particular states under certain 
tribes, the ratios were as follows: Algonquian, 105.2; 
Iroquoian, 105.2; Shoshonean, 104.8; Muskhogean, 
101. S; Athapaskan, 101.6; and Siouan, 100.9. 

The ratio of males to 100 females in the principal 
stocks and tribes is in general less for the full-bloods 
than for the mixed-bloods, the most notable excep- 
tion being the Indians of Iroquoian stock, for whom 
the ratio for full-bloods was slightly larger than that 
for the mixed-bloods — 106, as compared with 105.2 
males to 100 females. 

In Alaska there was in each principal stock an 
excess of males in 1910, the lowest ratio of males 
to each 100 females being 100.9, for the TUngit stock, 
and the highest 112.9, for the Haidan stock; for the- 
Esquimau an stock the ratio was 107.9, and for the 
Athapaskan stock it was 105.3. 

White and Indian mixed-Uoods. — Table 31 shows 
for 1910 the reported number of males to 100 females 
67090°— 15 4 



among white and Indian mixed-bloods, by degree of 
mixture. 



Table 31 


Males to 100 




females 




among white 
and Indian 


DEGREE OF MIXTURE. 




mixed- 




bloods: 




1910. 


All white and Indian mixed-bloods 


106.2 






Less than half white 


108.6 




108.0 




104.3 







The figures apparently indicate that the excess of 
males decreases with the increase in the amount 
of white blood, but since the division by degree of 
mi-xture is only approximately accurate no rehable 
conclusion can be drawn from these proportions. 

Full-tribal and mixed-tribal Indians. — The number 
of males to 100 females is shown in Table 32 for 
Indians of full-tribal and mixed-tribal blood. 



Table 32 

DEGREE OF TRIBAL MIXTURE. 


Males to 100 

females 

among 

full-blood 

Indians: 

1910. 


Total full-blood Indians .... 


101.7 






Full-tribal blood . . . . .. 


101.2 


MiTod-frib^l blond 


109.3 


Two tribes 


HO. 6 


Three or more tribes. 


101.7 


Tribal hlnnd of nne pftrpnt nnknown 


92.1 







From this table appears a predominance of males 
considerably gi-eater among Indians of mixed-tribal 



50 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



blood than among those of full-tribal blood. Of those 
of mixed-tribal blood, however, the Indians repre- 
senting a mixture of only two tribes show a con- 
siderably greater preponderance of males than those 
representing a mixture of more than two tribes. 
These differences may be in part due to errors in 
classification. 

Table 33 gives, for the 22 selected states, the 
number of males to 100 females for Indians of full- 
tribal and mixed-tribal blood. The excess of males 
or females among Indians of fuU-tribal and mixed- 
tribal blood is also shown graphically, by states, in 
the maps on this page. 



Table 33 


INDIANS OF FtTLI^TRIBAL 
BLOOD. 


INDIANS OF jnXED-TEIBAL 
BLOOD. 


STATE. 


Male. 


Female. 


Males 

to 100 

females. 


Male. 


Female. 


Males 

to 100 

females. 


United States.... 


70,06S 


69,221 


101.2 


5,353 


4,898 


109.3 


Arizona 


13,627 
4,841 

361 
1,321 

256 
1,648 
1,899 

577 
2,740 
1,139 
2,084 
9,996 
1,059 

710 

764 
12,318 
1.042 
5,300 
1,500 
2,635 
2,494 

592 


12,892 
4,792 

342 
1,355 

155 
1.525 
1,933 

500 
2,990 
1.121 
2,099 
9,730 
1,052 

669 

790 
12,293 
1,177 
5,734 
1,300 
2,809 
2,506 

563 


105.7 
101.0 
105.6 

97.5 
165.2 
108.1 

9a 2 
115 4 

91.6 
101.6 

99.3 
102.7 
100.7 
106.1 

96.7 
100.2 

88.5 

92.4 
115.4 

93.8 

99.5 
105.2 


290 

402 

8 

99 

65 

188 

10 


273 

389 

7 

77 

36 

161 
12 


106.2 




103.3 


Colorado 


P) 


THfihn 


H 


Kansas i . 


m 




116.8 




(2) 








237 

17 

62 

183 

370 

8 

470 

608 

333 

1.152 

48 

608 

125 

13 


218 

16 

40 

169 

342 

7 

469 

585 

329 

956 

43 

619 

100 

6 


ioa7 




(') 




i') 




108.3 




10&2 


North Carolina 


100.2 


Oklahoma. .. 


103.9 


Oregon 


101.2 


South Dakota 


120.5 


Utah 


(') 




98.2 


Wisconsin 


125 




C) 






Total for 22 states. 
All other states 


68.903 
1,165 


68,327 
894 


100.8 
130.3 


5,296 
57 


4.854 
44 


109,1 

m 



1 Eitclusive of Indians in Haskell Institute, who are included in the total for 
"All other states." 

' Ratio not shown, the number of females being less than 100. 

Table 34 (p. 51) shows the sex distribution of 
Indians of fuU-tribal blood for each of the principal 
tribes in the United States in 1910 and for particular 



states under certain tribes. A similar distribution of 
Indians of mixed-tribal blood would have but little 
statistical significance for most of the tribes, since the 
numbers involved are small. 



EXCESS OF MALES OR FEMALES AMONG INDIANS OF FULL- 
TRIBAL BLOOD: 1910. 



■jS^ff? 




22Q Excess of males. ^^3 Excess of females. 

I I Less than 100 Indians of full-tribal blood reported In state. 

EXCESS OF MALES OR FEMALES AMONG INDIANS OF MIXED- 
TRIBAL BLOOD: 1910. 




^^S E.xccss of males. UJ^ Excess of females. 

I I Less than 100 Indians of mixed-tribal blood reported In state. 



SEX DISTRIBUTION. 



51 



MALES TO 100 FEMALES FOR INDIANS OF FULL-TRIBAL BLOOD, FOR EACH PRINCIPAL TRIBE AND STATE: 1910. 

[This table shows each tribe having 100 or more females olfull-lribal blood.] 



Table 34 



TRIBE AND STATE. 



Alqonquian stock 

Arapaho 

Oklahoma 

Wyoming 

Cheyojinc 

Montana 

Oklahoma 

Chippewa 

Michigan 

M iimesola 

Wisconsin 

Delaware 

Gros Ventres 

Kickapoo 

Menominee 

Ottawa 

M ichigan 

Passamaquoddy 

Piegan 

Potawatomi 

Kansas 

Michigan 

Sauk and Fox 

Oklahoma 

Shawnee 

Athapaskan stock. 

Apache 

Arizona 

Oklahoma 

Hupa 

Jicarilla Apache 

Mescalero Apache 

Navajo 

Arizona 

New Mexico 

Utah 

Caddoan stock. 

Arikara 

Caddo 

Pawnee 

Wichita 

CmMAKCAN stock. 

Quileute 

CBOATAN GBOtJP. 

Croatan 

IBOQCOUN STOCK. 

Cherokee 

North Carolina 

Oklahoma 

Oneida 

Wisconsin 

Seneca 

New York 

Tuscarora 

Kaeok stock. 
Orleans 

Keresan stock. 

Acoma 

Cochiti 

Laguna 

San Felipe 

Santo Domingo 

KlOWAN stock. 

Kiowa 

Kutenaian stock. 
Kutenai 

LUTUAMIAN stock. 

Klamath 

Maidd stock. 
Maidu 

MrwoK stock. 
Miwok 



indians of pull-tribal 
blood: 1910. 



Male. 



1,892 

1,734 

129 

149 

354 

174 

11,227 

6,561 

5,086 

544 



151 
150 
258 
131 



3,487 
4S9 

2,970 
980 
918 
892 
810 
110 



345 
129 
722 
269 
431 



353 



170 



142 



Female. 



3,298 
431 

2,857 
918 
842 
846 
772 
108 



182 



124 
210 
259 
166 



Males 

to IIW 

females. 



628 


102.1 


298 


101.7 


327 


100.0 


1,287 


94.8 


590 


8.1.1 


667 


101. S 


3,397 


99.7 


682 


110.1 


1,795 


99.2 


823 


91.3 


116 


83.6 


180 


98.3 


100 


100.0 


316 


110.4 


732 


109.7 


720 


107.8 


140 


106.4 


637 


89.3 


354 


124.6 


109 


146.8 


114 


98.2 


229 


114.0 


111 


111.7 


254 


83.9 


1,857 


101.9 


1,735 


99.9 


116 


111.2 


176 


84.7 


338 


104.7 


218 


79.8 


11,014 


101.9 


5,327 


104.4 


6,205 


97.7 


479 


113.6 


168 


89.9 


149 


100.7 


274 


93.4 


143 


91.6 


108 


90.7 


236 


93.6 



105.7 
113.5 
104.0 
107.4 
109.0 
105.4 
104,9 
101.9 



83.5 



340 


101.5 


106 


121.7 


674 


107.1 


218 


123.4 


380 


113.4 



85.5 
98.4 
81.0 
98.1 
85.5 



TRIBE AND STATE. 



MUSKHOOE.UJ STOCK. 

Alibamn 

Texas 

Chickasaw 

Choctaw 

Mississippi 

Oklahoma 

Creek 

Oklahoma 

Seminole 

Oklahoma 

PiMAN STOCK. 

Papago 

Pima 

Yaqui , 

POMO STOCK. 

Pomo 

Salishan stock. 

ClaUam 

Columbia 

ColviUe 

Kalispel 

Quinaielt 

Snohomish , 

Spokan , 

Washington , 

Swinomish 

Shahaptun stock. 

KUkitat 

Nez Perces 

Idaho 

Warm Springs 

Yakima 

Shastan stock. 
Pit River 

Shoshonean stock. 

Bannock 

Chemehuevi , 

California 

Comanche 

Hopi 

Kawia 

Mono 

Paiute 

Nevada 

Paviotso 

Nevada 

Oregon 

San Luiseno 

Shoshoni 

Idaho 

Nevada 

Utah 

Wyommg 

Ute 

Colorado 

Utah 

SlOUAN stock. 

Asslniboin 

Crow 

nidatsa 

Omaha 

Osage 

Ponca 

Oklahoma 

San tee Sioux 

Nebraska 

S iou X ■ 

Sisseton Sioux 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Teton Sioux 

South Dakota 

Brule Sioux , 

ITunkpapa Sioux 

South Dakota 

Minniconjou Sioux 

Oglala Sioux 

Sans Arc Sioux 

Sihasapa Sioux 

Two Kettle Sioux 

Other Teton Sioux 



indians of full-tribal 
blood: 1910. 



Male. 



137 
86 

475 
3,640 

575 
3,026 
1,731 
1,721 

667 

532 



1,873 

2,090 

222 



283 



110 
109 
167 
157 
96 
208 
162 
124 
138 



119 
421 
362 
215 
413 



334 



168 
144 
116 
339 

1,053 
368 
631 
346 
119 

1,264 

1,004 
156 
171 

1,632 
562 
679 
112 
263 

1,132 
363 
767 



378 
681 
132 
443 
302 
222 
186 
319 
194 
248 
666 
204 
372 

4,790 

4,695 

222 

204 

198 

65 

1,849 
8 
55 
34 

1,901 



Female. 



160 

100 

665 

3,335 

500 

2,791 

1,800 

1,795 

591 

560 



1,765 

1,949 

179 



285 



104 
106 
164 
162 
102 
226 
194 
137 
132 



133 
444 
394 
255 
603 



363 



147 
153 
119 
351 
942 
284 
624 
310 
103 
1,334 
1,085 
157 
168 
1,692 
661 
662 
125 
232 
956 
344 
609 



384 
697 
103 
434 
281 
233 
187 
363 
209 
193 
729 
220 
414 

4,957 

4, 865 

219 

249 

230 

87 

1,896 
13 
67 
21 

2,027 



Males 

to 100 

females. 



91.3 
86.0 
84.1 
109.1 
115.0 
108.4 
96.2 
96.9 
95.9 
94.0 



100.1 
107.2 
124.0 



105.8 
102.8 
95.7 
96.9 
94.1 
92.0 
83.5 
90.5 
104.5 



89.5 
94.8 
91.9 
84.3 
82.1 



107.5 
94.1 
97 5 
90.6 
111.8 
129.6 
85.1 
111.6 
115.5 
94.8 
92.5 
99.4 
101.8 
102.5 
98.4 
102.6 
89.6 
113.4 
118.4 
105.5 
124.3 



98.4 
97.3 
128.2 
102.1 
107.5 
95.3 
99.5 
90.4 
92.8 
128.5 
91.2 
92.7 
89.9 
96.6 
96.5 
101.4 
81.9 
86.1 



97.6 



52 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



MALES TO 100 FEMALES FOR INDIANS OF FULL-TRIBAL BLOOD, FOR EACH PRINCIPAL TRIBE AND STATE: 1910— 

Continued. 

[This table shows each tribe having 100 or more females of full-tribal blood.] 



Table 34— Continued. 


INDIANS OF FULL-TKIBAL 

blood: 1910. 


TRIBE AND STATE. 


ndians of full-tribal 
blood: 1910: 


TRIBE AND STATE. 


Male. 


Female. 


Males 

to 100 

females. 


Male. 


Female. 


Males 

to 100 

females. 


SiouAN STOCK— Continued. 


"61 
446 
289 
466 
99 
348 
351 
139 
211 

443 
236 
202 
121 
265 

91 

136 


769 
414 
339 
560 
121 
415 
417 
154 
263 

408 
182 
178 
130 
240 

103 

116 


99.0 
107.7 
85.3 
a3.2 
81.8 
83.9 
84.2 
90.3 
80.2 

108.6 
129.7 
113.5 
93.1 
110.4 

88.3 

117.2 




Washoan stock. 


322 
102 
220 

136 

130 
299 
173 
630 
320 
209 
257 
131 
413 
323 

240 

853 


298 
107 
190 

105 

112 
269 
106 
436 
264 
172 
214 
112 
371 
283 

274 

788 


108.1 




California. 




95.3 


Nebraska 




115.8 




Yokuts 


Yokuts stock. 














129.5 






YUMAN stock. 




North Dakota 




South Dakota 


116.1 






111.2 


Tanoan stock. 




104.2 






121.6 




Arizona 


121.2 




California. 
"Walapai 




121.5 






120.1 






117.0 






111.3 


WAnLATP0AN STOCK. 


California. 




114.1 


Yurok stock. 




Wakashan stock. 
Makah 


87.6 


Zuni 


ZUNIAN STOCK. 






108.2 


. 







AGE DISTRIBUTION. 



The Indian population of the United States and of 
Alaska is shown by single years of age in Table 38 
(p. 57). 

In discussing the age distribution of Indians it has 
been thought best, however, not to attempt a de- 
tailed analysis but to confine the discussion to three 
age groups, those comprising persons under 20 years of 
age, 20 to 50 years, and 51 j^ears and over, representing, 
respectively, the young, the intermediate, and the 
oldest element of the Indian population. The ages of 
Indians are doubtless reported somewhat less accu- 
rately than those of whites, and the ages of Indian 
women may perhaps be less accurately given than 
those of the men, but for these broad age groups the 
numbers are approximately correct for Indians of all 
classes combined. The figures for the several classes 
of full-blood and mixed-blood Indians may, however, 
be affected by errors in classification or by omissions. 

All Indians. — A comparison of the ages of the Indian 
population as returned at the censuses of 1910 and 
1900 is given in Table 35. 



Table 35 



AGE FEBIOD. 



All ages, number. 

Under 20 years 

20 to 50 years 

51 years and over 

Age unknown 

All ages, per cent 

Under 20 years 

20 to 50 years 

51 years and over 

Age unknown 



IKDIAN POPULATION. 



United States. 



265,683 



136. 804 

95. 967 

31,963 

949 



100.0 



51.5 

36.1 

12.0 

0.4 



237,196 



117,779 

87, 888 

26. 895 

4,634 



100.0 



49.7 
37.1 
11.3 
2.0 



Alaska. 



1910 



25,331 



1900 



29.536 



12.034 

10,923 

2,210 

164 



100.0 



47.5 
43.1 

a? 

0.6 



11,872 

11,324 

1,914 

4,426 



100.0 



40.2 

38.3 

6.5 

15.0 



This table shows that in the United States in 1910 
over one-half (51 .5 per cent) of the Indians were under 
20 years of age, over one-third (36.1 per cent) from 20 
to 50 years, and about one-eighth (12 per cent) 51 years 
and over. In 1900 the proportion of young and old 
persons was slightly less and that of persons of the 
intervening age group slightly greater than in 1910. 
In Alaska in 1910. the proportion of young and of old 
persons was smaller and that of persons in the inter- 
mediate age period considerably greater than in the 
United States. No comparisons can safely be made 
with the figures for Alaska for 1900, since, as shown by 
the table, ages were not reported for 15 per cent of the 
Indians at that census. 

The Indian population of the United States in 1910 
is distributed by age, by divisions and states, in Table 
41 (p. 59). Table 36 gives the distribution of Indians, 



by age groups, for 22 selected states. The proportion 
in each group is also shown graphically, by states, in 
the maps on this page and the next. 



Table 36 


All ages: 
1910.1 


tTNDEB 20 YEARS 
OF AGE. 


20 TO 50 TEARS 

OF AGE. 


51 YEARS OF 
AGE AND OVER. 




Num- 
ber. 


Per 

cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


United States... 


205.683 


136.804 


51.5 


95,967 


36.1 


31,963 


12.0 


Arizona 


29.201 

16.371 
1.482 
3.488 
1.853 
7.519 
9.053 
1,253 

10,745 
3,502 
5,240 

20,573 
6,046 
7,851 
6,486 

74,825 
5,090 

19,137 
3,123 

10. 997 

10.142 
1,486 


15.389 
7,320 

837 
1,359 

939 
3,424 
4,657 

672 
4.994 
1.774 
2.054 
10,834 
2,737 
4,316 
3.371 
43,676 
2, 427 
8, 603 
1,407 
6, OSS 
5,093 

667 


52.7 
447 
56.5 
39.0 
50.6 
45.5 
51.4 
53.6 
46.5 
50.7 
39.2 
52.7 
45.3 
56.0 
52.0 
68 4 
47.7 
44.7 
45.1 
46.0 
50.2 
449 


10,485 
6,352 

474 
1,394 

704 
2.870 
3,215 

452 
4,063 
1,243 
2,304 
7,584 
2,463 
2,713 
2,165 
25,196 
1,782 
7,000 
1,2.50 
4,023 
3,633 

610 


35.9 
38.8 
32.0 
40.0 
3.8.0 
38 2 
35.5 
36.1 
37.8 
35.5 
440 
36.9 
40.6 
34 6 
33.2 
33.7 
35.0 
36.6 
40.0 
36.6 
35.8 
41.0 


3,166 

2,605 
166 
696 
199 

1,207 

1,171 
128 

1,677 
480 
803 

2,124 
830 
815 
945 

5.746 
871 

3,534 
425 

1,837 

1,381 
205 


10.8 




15.9 


Colorado 


11.2 




20.0 


Kansas 2 


10.7 




16.1 


Minnpsnta 


12.9 


Mississippi 

Montana 


10.2 
15.6 




13.7 


Nevada 


15.3 


New Mexico 

New York ... 


10.3 
13.7 


North Carolina 

North Dakota 


10.4 
14 6 
7.7 




17.1 


South Dakota 

Utah 


18 5 
13.6 


Washington 

Wisconsin. 


16.7 
13.6 




13.8 






Total for 22 
states 

All other states 


255,463 
10,220 


131,505 
5,239 


51.5 
51.3 


91,961 
4.006 


36.0 
39.2 


31,011 
952 


12.1 
9.3 



1 Totals include persons of unknown age. 

2 Exclusive of Indians in Haskell Institute, who are Included in the total for 
"AH other states." 

The proportion under 20 years of age varied from 39 
per cent in Idaho and 39.2 in Nevada to 58.4 in Okla- 
homa; the proportion 20 to 50 years of age was lowest 
in Colorado (32 per cent), and highest in Nevada (44 
per cent); the proportion 51 and over was lowest in 
Oklahoma (7.7 per cent), and highest in Idaho (20 
per cent) . 

PROPORTION OF INDIANS UNDER 20 YEARS OF AGE: 1910. 




Under 10 per cent. K3 3" to *" P^r cent. 

10 to 20 per cent. IHII 40 to 50 per cent. 

20 to 30 per cent. IWI 50 per cent and over. 

I I Less than 100 Indians in state. 

(53) 



54 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



PROPOETIOX OF INDIANS 20 TO 50 YEARS OF AGE: 1910. 




3 Under 10 per cent. [^ 30 to 40 per cent. 

^^ 10 to 20 per cent. (HI 40 to 50 per cent. 

^g 20 to 30 per cent. BBl 60 per cent and over. 

I I Less than 100 Indians in state. 

PROPORTION OF INDIANS 51 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 






I r-m 



"\ 



v.... 



w%. 




w^ 



Under 10 per cent. ^Z 30 to 40 per cent. 

3 10 to 20 per cent. gg] 40 to 50 per cent. 

20 to 30 per cent. WK '" P^' centand over. 

I I Less than 100 Indians In state. 



Table 37 shows, for the United States and Alaska, 
the age distribution of each of the principal stocks and 
tribes, as reported in 1910. The age distribution is 
also shown, for each principal tribe in the United 
States in 1910, in the following diagram: 

AGE DISTRIBUTION OF INDIANS IN EACH PRINCIPAL TRIBE: 1910. 



CHICKASAW 

CHEROKEE 

CHOCTAW 

NAVAJO 

OSAOE 

KIOWA 

CROATAN 

SHAWNEE 

POTAWATOMI 

ST. REGIS 

CREEK 

OMAHA 

PAPAOO 

PIEQAN 

SEMINOLE 

MENOMINEE 

CHIPPEWA 

LAQUNA 

PIMA 

HOPI 

APACHE 

6ANTCE SIOUX 

ONEIDA 

MAIOU 

SENECA 

COMANCHE 

OTTAWA 

WINNEBAGO 

MONO 

UTE 

TETON SIOUX 

ZUNI 

SI53ETON SIOUX 

ASSINIBOIN 

YANKTON SIOUX 

ARAPAHO 

CROW 

YAKiMA 

SHOiHONI 

YANXTONAI SIOUX 

MOHAVE 

CHEYENNE 

NEZ PERCES 

PAVI0T90 



^Z 



y ■ ' y^/^y^^ 'jv^.M^y--: 



239 



~izaia2izaz!r. 



^^i^^^jr^^jfj'^^^^mi 



fvyyy-yyyyy'..vyry :¥:: 



y.^yyyy-.Afy^wyA .:;¥>< 



■ v-^y-y^yyy^'yw'/tiixwa.H 



vyyyyvyyxiVyyva^^::' 



riVyyy/ww>v>y/. 






ygyyyy-^yyy.^i'ggfr^ 



TZ^xxtisa^^^ 






m 



vy-/w7>..f^>5iy?Z??E^ 



wyi^wwjwyi^yy^A-m-Ak-a 



': vyy^>vyyyyyvv>iyg??gs; 



'.'v^^^^^^^^^^j'r^j'jiss^ 



\ ■jf^jr^j'jr^^^^^^yy^j'M.^!:^ 



\ ■ w:X/yWW!»W>^:x:^:^■:WA?! 



• wy>yyy>wyyvyyi:wa':::^ 



yyyy^yyyyWyjVifi: 



y>vy.yyv'>/?Z???Z-'^;???x:^ 



T^^^^f^^^M^f^yyj^.^^ 






'SO. 



>yyy>yyy-y//yy>yyt:! 



vyyyw.i»yzte^^fc. 



i/yyyyyyyvfygggjvzr 



wyyyyyiwyyyy^>> • 



r^ywyj^yyyywWW! , vrs 



TazzeazEzzzBZEzziiiis. 




^azaa^aiaagsss^^^ 






,Vy'X/V'X/VV>V>X/X/,*!S5B¥S(lRRSS: 



■■i/ryy'>yw/ ywy!/'V!t.ry.^;-rm 



'y^^^yxy^y^xyxry^^ Ammsmm* 



E22DWNDER 20 
2^2020 TO 80 



E3^381 AND OVEa 



AGE DISTRIBUTION. 



55 



AGE DISTRIBUTION OP INDIANS, FOR EACH PRINCIPAL STOCK AND TRIBE: 1910. 

(This table shoirs each stock and tribe having 200 or more Ind ians in 1910.) 



Tabic 37 


INDIANS KEPORTED 


ON SPECIAL .SCIII': 


nULE: 1910. 


STOCK AND TRIBE. 


INDIANS REPORTED ON SPECIAL SCHEDULE: 1910. 


STOCK AND TRIBE. 


ages:^ 
1910. 


Under 20 years 
of age. 


20 to 50 years 
of age. 


51 years of age 
and over. 


ages:' 
1910. 


Under 20 years 
of age. 


20 to 50 years 
of age. 


51 years of age 
and over. 


. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 

cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 

cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 



TJNITED STATES. 



ALQonquian stock 


40,975 


20,557 


50.2 


14,913 


36.4 


5,435 


13.3 


LUTUAMI.'tN STOCK 

Klamath 


978 


443 


45.3 


339 


34.7 


193 


19.7 




1,419 

3,055 
20,214 
459 
914 
510 
348 
206 

1,422 
226 

2,717 
386 
266 

2,208 

2, 440 
724 

1,338 
533 

30,406 


010 

1,232 

10,466 

250 

527 

232 

159 

87 

740 

120 

1,265 

152 

103 

1,185 

1,334 

366 

741 

252 

16,930 


43.0 
40.3 
51.8 
55.8 
57.7 
45.5 
45.7 
42.2 
52.0 
63.1 
46.6 
39.4 
38.7 
52.2 
54.7 
50.6 
55.4 
47.3 

55.7 


602 

1,246 

7,119 

157 

301 

205 

140 

89 

461 

73 

1,013 

173 

106 

848 

832 

280 

480 

203 

10,370 


42.4 
40.8 
35.2 
34.2 
32.9 
40.2 
40.2 
43.2 
32.4 
33.3 
37.3 
44.8 
39.8 
37.4 
34.1 
38.7 
35.9 
38.1 

34.1 


195 

571 
2,606 
45 
85 
72 
45 
30 

221 
33 

433 
61 
56 

234 

268 
76 

116 
78 

3,008 


13.7 
18.7 
12.9 
9.8 
9.3 
14.1 
12.9 
14.6 
15.5 
14.6 
15.9 
15.8 
21.1 
10.3 
11.0 
10.5 
8.7 
14.6 

9.9 


696 
282 

1,100 


313 
130 

522 


45.0 
46.1 

47.5 


239 
lOO 

408 


34.3 
35.5 

37.1 


142 
51 

166 


20.4 




Modoc 


18.1 


Chippewa 


Maid IT stock 






15.1 




Maidu 






1,100 
699 


522 
313 


47.5 
44.8 


408 
269 


37.1 
38.5 


166 
113 


15.1 












Miami 






Miwok 




Passamaquoddy 


670 
29,191 


299 
17,001 


44.6 
58.2 


259 
10,156 


38.7 
34.8 


108 
1,941 


16.1 




MUSKHOQEAN STOCK... 

Alibamu 












Sauk and Fox 


6.6 


Shawnee 


298 

4,204 

15,917 

6,945 

1,729 

8,607 


159 
2,723 
9,468 
3,694 

900 

4,410 


53.4 
64.8 
59.5 
53.2 
52.1 

51.2 


112 

1,286 

5,368 

2,675 

676 

3,134 


37.6 
30.6 
33.7 
38.6 
39.0 

36.4 


27 
186 
1,031 
549 
147 

1,037 


9.1 






4.4 






6.5 


ATHAPASKAN STOCK 


Creek 


7.9 




8.5 




4,973 
639 
694 
424 
22, 455 
383 
227 

1,863 


2,437 
297 
329 
194 
13,096 
189 
110 

955 


49.0 
46.5 
47.4 
45.8 
58.3 
49.3 
48.5 

51.3 


1,854 
231 
261 
143 

7,473 
113 
76 

688 


37.3 
30.2 
37.6 
33.7 
33.3 
29.5 
33.5 

36.9 


671 

111 

104 

87 

1,808 

80 

41 

213 


13.5 

17.4 
15.0 
20.5 
8.1 
20.9 
18.1 

11.4 


FlMAN STOCK 








.Ticarilla Apache 


12.0 


Mescalero Apacho 

Navajo 






3,798 

4,236 

528 

1,193 


1,995 

2,125 

264 

490 


52.5 
60.2 
50.0 

41.1 


1,416 

1,478 

223 

450 


37.3 
34.9 
42.2 

37.7 


377 

619 

39 

251 


9 9 


Ropue River 


Pirrifi 


14.6 


WaUaki 




7.4 


Caddo AN stock 


POMO STOCK 


21.0 




444 
452 
633 
318 

306 


228 
256 
295 
171 

132 


51.4 
56.6 
46.6 
53.8 

43.1 


148 
161 
263 
108 

114 


33.3 

35.6 
41.5 
34.0 

37.3 


67 
33 
71 
39 

58 


15.1 
7.3 
11.2 
12.3 

19.0 


Porno 




Arikara 


777 
7,833 


316 
3,728 


40.7 
47.6 


287 
2,738 


36.9 
35.0 


172 
1,327 


22.1 




SAUSHAN STOCK 

Chehalis 




Wichita 






16.9 


Chimakuan stock 


282 
398 
293 
385 
785 
486 
564 
353 
272 
303 
288 
240 
664 
643 
307 
333 

4,391 


145 
212 
134 
163 
381 
257 
240 
225 
126 
147 
129 
90 
330 
267 
161 
159 

1,771 


51.4 
63.3 
45.7 
42.3 
48.5 
62.9 
42.6 
63.7 
46.3 
48.5 
44.8 
37.5 
49.7 
41.5 
52.4 
47.7 

40.3 


85 
160 
100 
148 
292 
172 
209 

91 
105 
112 
106 

93 
223 
232 

97 
110 

1,691 


30.1 
37.7 
34.1 
38.4 
37.2 
35.4 
37.1 
25.8 
38.6 
37.0 
36.5 
38.8 
33.6 
36.1 
31.6 
33.0 

38.5 


52 
32 
56 
66 

111 
57 

115 
37 
40 
43 
54 
52 

106 

139 
47 
64 

878 


18.4 


Quileut© 


259 

897 


111 
412 


42.9 
45.9 


93 
334 


35.9 
37.2 


53 

145 


20.5 
16.2 


Clallam 

Coeurd'Alene 

Columbia 


8.0 
19 1 




17.1 




Coiville 


14.1 


Chinookan stock 


Flathead 


11.7 




315 
242 

274 

5,865 


166 
107 
103 

3,293 


52.7 
44.2 
37.6 

56.1 


109 
84 
121 

2,022 


34.6 
34.7 

44.2 

34.5 


38 
50 
47 

544 


12.1 
20.7 
17.2 

9.S 


Kalispel 


20.4 


Chinook 




10.5 


Wasco 




14.7 


Wishram 




14.2 






18.8 






21.7 


CrOATAN GROUP 


Snohomish 


15.8 




5,865 
39,679 


3,293 
23,041 


56.1 
58.1 


2,022 
13,155 


34.5 
33.2 


544 
3,430 


9.3 
8.6 


Spokan 


21.6 


Croatan 




15.3 






19.2 


IROQUOIAN stock 


SHAHAPTIAN STOCK 

lOikitat 




Cherokee 


31,489 

368 

2,436 

365 

1,219 

2,907 

400 

353 

775 


19,028 
155 

1,168 
179 
664 

1,376 
188 
208 

379 


60.4 
42.1 
47.9 
49.0 
54.5 
47.3 
47.0 
58.9 

48.9 


10,068 
165 
940 
147 
427 
1,102 
148 
107 

291 


32.0 
44.8 
38.6 
40.3 
35.0 
37.9 
37.0 
30.3 

37.5 


2,367 

47 

326 

37 

127 

410 

62 

38 

104 


7.5 
12.8 
13.4 
10.1 
10.4 
14.1 
15.5 
10.8 

13.4 


20.0 




405 
1,259 
272 
397 
550 
1,362 

1,578 


153 
494 
90 
204 
218 
665 

745 


37.8 
39.2 
33.1 
51.4 
39.6 
41.5 

47.2 


163 
457 
110 
135 
208 
548 

576 


40.2 
36.3 
40.4 
34.0 
37.8 
40.2 

36.5 


88 

278 

69 

58 

124 

232 

231 


21.7 




Nez Perces 


22.1 




Umatilla 


25.4 




Wallawalla 


14.6 




Warm Springs 

Yakima 


22.5 




17.0 


KaROK STOCK 


SHASTAN STOCK 

Hat Creek 


14.5 


Orleans 


775 
4,027 


379 
1,936 


48.9 
48.1 


291 
1,616 


37.5 
40.1 


104 
474 


13.4 
11.8 


240 
985 
353 

16,842 


95 
462 
188 

7,262 


39.6 
46.9 
53.3 

43.1 


87 
373 
116 

6,882 


36.3 
37.9 
32.9 

40.9 


56 

126 

49 

2,551 


23.3 






12.8 


Kebesan stock 


Shasta 


13.9 




691 
237 
1,472 
490 
211 
817 

1,126 


322 
103 
746 
213 
86 
415 

634 


46.6 
43.5 
50.7 
43.5 
40.8 
50.8 

56.3 


273 
109 
541 
206 
100 
344 

361 


39.4 
46.5 
36.8 
42.0 
47.4 
42.1 

32.1 


96 
25 
185 
70 
25 
58 

127 


13.9 
10.5 
12.6 
14.3 
11.8 
7.1 

11.3 


SHOSHONEAN STOCK 

Bannock 




Cochiti 




Laguna 


15.1 




413 

355 
1,171 
2,009 

755 
1,448 

780 
3,038 

467 
3,840 
2,244 


149 
139 
551 

1,005 
327 
650 
340 

1,149 
216 

1,686 
1 1,006 


30.1 
39.2 
47.1 
50.0 
43.3 
44.9 
43.0 
37.8 
46. 3 
41.3 
44.8 


176 
145 
445 
826 
291 
596 
304 

1,310 
178 

1,604 
885 


42.6 
40.8 
38.0 
41.1 
38.5 
41.1 
39.0 
43.1 
38.1 
41.8 
39.4 


88 
71 
160 
176 
136 
186 
126 
515 
70 
642 
327 


21.3 


Santo Domingo 


Chemehuevi 


20.0 




13.7 




Hopi 


8.8 


Kiowan stock 


Kawia 


18.0 




1,126 
538 


634 

246 


56.3 
45.7 


301 
224 


32.1 
41.6 


127 
68 


11.3 
. 12.6 


Mono 


12.8 


Kiowa 




16.2 






17.0 




San Luiseno 


15.0 






16.7 


Kuf^nai 


538 


1 246 


1 45.7 


224 


1 41.6 


' 68 


12.6 


Ute 


14.6 



' Totals include Indians of unknown age. 



56 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



AGE DISTRIBUTION OF INDIANS, FOR EACH PRINCIPAL STOCK AND TRIBE: 1910— Continued. 

[This table shows each stock and tribe having 200 or more Indians in 1910.] 



Table 3T— Contd. 


nroUNS EEPOETED ON SPECUL SCHEDULE: 1910. 


STOCK AND TBIBE. 


INDUNS KEPOETED ON SPECIAL SCHEDtJLE: 1910. 


STOCK AND TEIBE. 


AU 

ages:' 
1910. 


Under 20 years 
of age. 


20 to 50 vears 
of age. 


51 years of age 
and over. 


All 

aees:' 
1910. 


Under 20 years 
of age. 


20 to 50 years 
of age. 


51 years of age 
and over. 




Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per I 
cent, j 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 

cent. 


Num- Per 
ber. cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 



UNITED STATES— Continued. 



SlOUAN STOCK 


32,941 


15,215 


46.2 


11,957 


36.3 


5,6S7 


17.3 


WaKASHAN STOCK 

Makah 


388 


176 


45.4 


125 


32.2 


84 


21. S 




1,253 

1,799 
647 
244 
238 
209 

1,105 

1,373 
332 
875 
231 

1,539 
9% 

2,514 

14,284 

806 

1,072 

397 

6,045 

222 

485 

293 

4,964 

1,820 

2,088 

1,357 

3,140 


545 
747 
307 
137 
154 
94 
581 
795 
169 
462 
142 
744 
468 
1.108 
6.387 
342 
443 

147 
2.810 
122 
191 
130 
2,202 
830 
905 
561 

1,389 


43.5 
41.5 
56.1 
56.1 
64.7 
45.0 
52.6 
57.9 
50.9 
52.8 
61.5 
48.3 
47.0 
44.1 
44.7 
42.4 
41.3 

37.0 
46.5 
55.0 
39.4 
44.4 
44.4 
45.6 
43.3 
41.3 

44.2 


459 

676 

164 

86 

67 

67 

387 

467 

126 

316 

67 

518 

416 

929 

5,237 

302 

444 

136 

2,222 
63 
192 
105 

1,773 
696 
749 
488 

1,363 


36.-6 
37.6 
30.0 
35.2 
28.2 
32.1 
35.0 
34.0 
38.0 
36.1 
29.0 
33.7 
41.8 
37.0 
36.7 
37.5 
41.4 

34.3 
36.8 
28.4 
39.6 
35.8 
35.7 
38.2 
35.9 
36.0 

43.4 


249 

374 

70 

20 

15 

47 

134 

106 

34 

97 

22 

276 

111 

473 

2,640 

162 

185 

113 

1,006 
37 
102 
58 
977 
271 
428 
305 

385 


19.9 
20.8 
12.8 

8.2 

6.3 
22.5 
12.1 

7.7 
10.2 
11.1 

9.5 
17.9 
11.1 
18.8 
18.5 
20.1 
17.3 

28.5 
16.6 
16.7 
21.0 
19.8 
19.7 
14.9 
20.5 
22.5 

12.3 


360 
819 


169 
311 


46.9 
38.0 


110 
382 


30.6 
46.6 


78 
117 


21.7 


Crow 


WASHOAN STOCK 




Hidatsa 






14.3 




Mandan 


819 
710 


311 
311 


38.0 
43.8 


382 
272 


46.6 
38.3 


117 
126 


14.3 




WiNTDN STOCK 




Osage 




Oto 




Ponca 


17.7 


Qua paw 


Win tun 


399 
S33 


181 
233 


45.4 
43.7 


150 
230 


37.6 
43.2 


67 
69 


16.8 


Sioux 






Sisseton Sioitx 

Teton Siou.x 


12 9 




Yokuts 




Huukpapa Sioux. 


302 
4,279 


128 
1,885 


42.4 
44.1 


130 
1,601 


43.0 
37.4 


44 
733 


14.6 


Minniconjou 






Oglala Sioux 

Sans Arc Sioux... 


17.1 






Two Kettle Sioux 
OtherTeton Sioux 


245 
756 
386 
1,058 
501 
289 
834 

668 


104 
377 
189 
434 
254 
133 
317 

297 


42.4 
49.9 
49.0 
41.0 
50.7 
46.0 
38.0 

44.5 


105 
261 
136 
392 
159 
92 
362 

253 


42.9 
34.5 
35.2 
37.1 
31.7 
31.8 
43.4 

37.9 


29 
115 

60 
190 

87 

59 
154 

116 


11.8 




15.2 


Maricopa 


15.5 


Yankton Sioux 

Yanktonai Sioux 




18.0 




17.4 


Yavapai 


20.4 






18.5 


Tanoan stock 


YUEOK STOCK 








Isleta 


956 
499 
387 
277 
517 

329 


374 
211 
179 
137 
261 

150 


39.1 
42.3 
46.3 
49.5 
50.5 

45.6 


453 
225 
166 
115 
188 

111 


47.4 
45.1 
42.9 
41.5 
36.4 

33.7 


129 
63 
41 
25 
67 

67 


13.5 
12.6 
10.6 
9.0 
13.0 

20.4 




Jemez 


17.4 


San Juan 

Sflnta Clara 


Weitspec 


668 
1.667 


297 
745 


44.5 
44.7 


253 
685 


37.9 
41.1 


116 

228 


17.4 


Taos 


ZUNIAN STOCK 




Waiilatpuan stock... 


13.7 




298 


139 


46.6 


96 


32.2 


62 


20.8 


Zuni 


1,667 


745 


44.7 


685 


41.1 


228 


13.7 









ALASKA. 



Athapaskan stock 


3,916 


1,795 


45.8 


1.832 


46.8 


289 


7.4 


ESKIUADAN STOCK— 

Continued. 
Yuit 


292 
3,650 

530 


116 
1,732 

273 


39.7 
47.5 

51.5 


134 
1,606 

201 


45.9 
44.0 

37.9 


42 
290 

52 




Ahtena 


297 
697 
359 
415 

14,087 


125 
336 
163 
186 

6,640 


42.1 

48.2 
45.4 
44.8 

47.1 


141 
307 
164 
195 

6,195 


47.5 
44.0 
45.7 
47.0 

44.0 


31 
54 
32 
34 

1,104 


10.4 
7.7 
8.9 
8.2 

7.8 


14.4 


Knaiakbotana 

Kutchin 


Southern Eskimo 

Haidan stock 


7.9 


Tenankutchin 


9.8 




Haida 


530 
4,426 


273 
1,999 


51.5 
45.2 


201 
1.883 


37.9 
42.5 


52 
541 


9.8 


ESKIMAUAN stock 


Tltogit stock 




Aleut 


1,451 
326 
782 
238 
594 
561 
370 

1,480 
376 
563 
285 
301 
258 
320 
441 


757 
169 
358 
121 
274 
255 
217 
681 
188 
285 
106 
123 
97 
127 
232 


52.2 
51.8 
45.8 
50.8 
46.1 
45.5 
58.6 
46.0 
50.0 
50.6 
37.2 
40.9 
37.6 
39.7 
52.6 


575 
131 
367 
99 
268 
266 
134 
690 
159 
228 
143 
155 
144 
153 
176 


39.6 
40.2 
46.9 
41.6 
45.1 
47.4 
36.2 
46.6 
42.3 
40.5 
50.2 
51.5 
55.8 
47.8 
39.9 


111 
26 
57 
18 
52 
40 
19 

109 
29 
40 
27 
23 
17 
38 
33 


7.6 
8.0 
7.3 
7.6 
8.8 
7.1 
5.1 
7.4 
7.7 
7.1 
9.5 
7.6 
6.6 
11.9 
7.5 


12.2 


Chnagmiut 


Auk 


267 
690 
214 
625 
536 
321 
60S 
307 

729 


102 
284 
102 
277 
254 
153 
275 
148 

365 


38.2 
41.2 
47.7 
44.3 
47.4 
47.5 
45.2 
48.2 

50.1 


143 

318 
88 
268 
210 
117 
232 
142 

262 


53.6 
46.1 
41.1 
42.9 
39.2 
36.3 
38.2 
46.3 

35.9 


22 
88 
24 
79 
72 
52 
100 
17 

102 


8.2 




Chilkat 


12.8 




Henya 


11.2 






12.6 


Kuskovakmiut 

Kusk wognii ut 


Hutsnuwu 


13.4 


Kake 


16.1 


Sitka 


16.4 




Yakutat 


5.5 


Nunatograiul 

Nuni vagmiut 

Selawigmiut 


TsIMSHliN STOCK 

Tsimshlan 


14.0 




729 


365 


50.1 


262 


35.9 


102 


14.0 









> Totals include Indians of unknown age. 



For the Muskhogean and Iroquoian stocks the pro- 
portion under 20 years of age was very high — 58.2 and 
58. 1 per cent, respectively — with a comparatively low 
proportion for those 20 to 50 years of age, and the 
lowest proportion of all for those 51 years of age and 
over, being in the latter age group 6.6 and 8.6 per cent, 
respectively. There were also six other of the larger 
stocks in which the number under 20 years of age con- 



stituted mdl-e than half their entire number in 1910, 
namety, Kiowan, 56.3; Croatan, 56.1; Athapaskan, 
55.7; Caddoan, 51.3; Piman, 51.2; and Algonquian, 
50.2 per cent. For Alaska in 1910 the number under 
20 years of age constituted more than 50 per cent for 
the two smaller stocks, and somewhat more than 45 
per cent for the three larger stocks, namely, Athapas- 
kan, 45.8; Eskimauan, 47.1; and Thngit, 45.2 per cent. 



AGE DISTRIBUTION. 



57 



DISTRIBUTION BY SINGLE YEARS OF AGE OF THE INDIAN POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES AND 

ALASKA: 1910. 



Table 38 


UNITED STATES. 


ALASKA. 


AOE. 


UNITED STATES. 


ALASKA. 


AGS. 


Both 
se.xes. 


Male. 


Female. 


Both 
se.\es. 


Male. 


Female. 


Both 
sexes. 


Male. 


Female. 


Both 
sexes. 


Male. 


Female. 


All ages 


265,683 


135, 133 


130,550 


25,331 


12,995 


12,33^ 


50 to 54 years 


9,343 


4,914 


4,429 


863 


470 


393 




50 years 






40,384 


20,202 


20,182 


4,127 


2.087 


2,040 


4,061 
1,179 
1,485 
1,247 
1,371 

7,171 


2,046 
628 
856 
676 

708 

3,706 


2,015 
651 
629 
671 
663 

3,465 


465 
102 
121 
81 
94 

543 


255 
55 
65 
44 
51 

270 


210 






47 
66 




8,210 
7,618 
8,350 
8,232 
7,968 

36,541 


4,127 
3,771 
4,225 
4,069 
4,010 

18,349 


4.089 
3,847 
4,125 
4,163 
3,958 

18, 192 


845 
787 
845 
825 
825 

3,160 


411 
SS3 
431 
428 
434 

1,608 


434 
404 
414 
397 
391 

1,552 


52 years 






37 




54 years 


43 














273 










2,244 
1,515 
1,111 
1,332 
969 

6,524 


1,122 
810 
607 
682 
485 

3,332 


1,122 
705 
504 
650 
484 

3,192 


205 
91 
83 
86 
78 

552 


109 
41 
45 
37 
38 

273 


96 










7.634 
7,814 
7,369 
7,265 
6,459 

31,393 


3,847 
3,875 
3,727 
3,658 
3,242 

16,199 


3,787 
3,939 
3,642 
3,607 
3,217 

15, 194 


740 
664 
618 
629 
509 

2,250 


377 
333 
309 
330 
259 

1,206 


363 
331 
309 
299 
250 

1,044 




38 




68 years 


49 




59 years 


40 


8 vears 


60 to 64 years 










279 




60 years 






3,383 
725 
871 
817 
728 

4,482 


1,6S0 
379 
477 
419 
377 

2,259 


1,703 
346 
394 
398 
351 

2,223 


341 
64 
68 
49 
40 

285 


162 
28 
34 
29 
20 

161 


179 






36 




6.983 
5,412 
6,815 
5,731 
6,452 

28,486 


3,562 
2,821 
3,486 
2,973 
3,357 

14,612 


3,421 
2,591 
3,329 
2,758 
3,095 

13,874 


497 
379 
482 
437 
455 

2,497 


270 
194 
265 
229 
248 

1,285 


227 
185 
217 
208 
207 

1.212 


62 years !!!!!!!!]!!!! 


24 




63 years 


20 




64 years 


20 


13 years 












124 










1,898 
692 
723 
783 
486 

3,382 


946 
306 
344 
409 
254 

1,561 


952 
286 
379 
374 
232 

1,821 


142 
37 
50 
33 
23 

206 


84 
24 
26 
18 
9 

108 


58 






13 




5,794 
6,093 
5,199 
6,242 
5,158 

21,844 


2,990 
3,113 
2.652 
3,213 
2,644 

11,265 


2.804 
2,980 
2.547 
3.029 
2,514 

10,579 


509 
492 
467 
548 
481 

2,325 


284 
265 
232 
209 
235 

1,138 


225 
227 
235 
279 
246 

1,187 


67 years 


24 




68 years 


15 




69 years 


14 


18 years 












98 




70 years 






1,886 
336 
441 
395 
324 

2,105 


S82 
148 
203 
182 
146 

983 


1,004 
188 
238 
213 
178 

1,122 


136 
16 
23 
16 
15 

99 


76 
7 
9 
8 
8 

52 


60 






9 




5,743 
4,046 
4,392 
3,861 
3,802 

18,137 


2.804 
2.259 
2,286 
1,983 
1,933 

9,237 


2,939 
1,787 
2,106 
1,878 
1,869 

8,900 


639 
422 
460 
397 
407 

2,104 


296 
228 
237 
191 
186 

1.090 


343 
194 
223 
206 
221 

1,014 


72 years 


14 




73 years 


8 




74 years 


7 


23 years. 


75 to 79 years . . 










47 




75 years 






970 
338 
236 
355 
206 

1,565 


454 
158 
107 
168 
96 

695 


516 
180 
129 

187 
110 

870 


63 
8 
7 

12 
9 

73 


32 

6 
2 
7 
6 

33 


31 






3 




4,746 
3.529 
3,066 
3,925 
2,871 

15,243 


2,388 
1,781 
1,619 
1,949 
1,500 

7,756 


2,358 
1,748 
1,447 
1,976 
1,371 

7,487 


585 
379 
372 
458 
310 

1,875 


300 
196 
188 
242 
164 

929 


285 
183 
184 
216 
146 

946 




5 




78 years -. 


5 




79 years 


3 


28 years 


80 to 84 years 










40 




80 years 






1,005 
115 
195 
133 
117 

691 


443 
56 
90 
60 
46 

304 


562 
69 

105 
73 
71 

387 


48 
5 
6 
6 
9 

19 


27 

1 
1 
2 
2 

8 


21 






4 




5.543 
2,050 
2.818 
2,333 
2,499 

14,834 


2,701 
1,080 
1,469 
1,245 
1,261 

7,721 


2,842 
970 
1,349 
1,088 
1,238 

7,113 


782 
262 
321 
257 
253 

1,676 


378 
140 
161 
120 
130 

875 


404 
122 
160 
137 
123 

801 


82 years 


5 




83 years 


3 




84 years 


7 








34 years 


11 










371 
86 
98 
65 
71 

458 


168 
33 
44 
24 
35 

185 


203 
63 
64 
41 
36 

273 


12 
2 
1 
2 
2 

17 


4 

1 
1 
2 

5 


8 




86 years 


1 




4,258 
2,636 
2,341 
3,203 
2,396 

11,961 


2,154 
1,406 
1,227 
1,666 
1,268 

6,126 


2,104 
1,230 
1,114 
1,537 
1,128 

5,835 


627 
273 
246 
339 
191 

1,405 


341 

135 
136 
178 
85 

739 


286 
138 
110 
161 
106 

666 


87 years 




36 years 




2 




90 to 94 years 




38 years 


12 








339 
30 
34 
30 
25 

187 


138 
10 
12 
13 
12 

93 


201 
20 
22 
17 
13 

94 


13 

1 


5 


8 






1 










5,010 
1,505 
2,086 
1,733 
1,627 

9,887 


2,468 
787 

1,113 
895 
863 

5,103 


2,542 
718 
973 
838 
764 

4,784 


762 
168 
182 
152 
141 

1,073 


401 
89 

104 
83 
62 

570 


361 
79 
78 
69 
79 

503 


93 years 










94 years 


3 

9 


5 


3 


42 Tears 






43 years 


4 








^^^^ 


119 
17 
15 
22 
14 

116 
949 


66 
6 
4 

13 
4 

50 

481 


53 
11 
U 
9 
10 

66 
468 


6 


4 


2 










97 years 


3 


1 


2 




3,329 
1,568 
1,404 
1,981 
1,605 


1,687 
830 
762 
979 
845 


1,642 
738 
642 

1,002 
760 


454 
166 
152 
188 
113 


248 
88 
77 

101 
56 


206 
78 
75 
87 
57 


98 years 










100 years and over 


9 
164 


5 

78 






4 






Age unknown 




^**" 







58 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



FuU-blood and mized-Uood Indians. — Table 40 shows 
for the United States as a whole and for Alaska the 
distribution by age groups of the Indian population, 
classified by sex and by the different mixtures of blood; 
and Table 41 shows for divisions and states a similar 
age distribution of the aggregate Indian population 
and of the full-bloods and mixed-bloods separately. 

Table 39 shows, in percentages, the age distribution 
of Indians classified according to mixture of blood. 

The fact that stands out most prominently is the 
high proportion of young persons among the mixed- 
bloods as compared with the full-bloods. A similar 
difference is to be noted between the mixed-tribal 
bloods and the full-tribal bloods. In both cases the 
difference may be accounted for in part by the fact 
that mixed marriages had not become common until 
within comparatively recent years. Another reason 
for the predominance of the young element among the 
mixed-bloods is no doubt found in the greater fertility 



of mixed marriages, which is discussed later (p. 157). 
It is evident that differences noted among the several 
states with respect to the age distribution of Indians 
may be due in part to differences in the extent to which 
mixed marriages have taken place. 



Table 39 


PEK CENT OF INDIAN 
POPULATION. 


MIXTURE OF BLOOD. 


Under 
20 years 
of age. 


20 to 50 
years 
of age. 


51 years 

of age 

and over. 


UNITED STATES. 

All Classes . 


51.5 


36.1 


12.0 






Full blood 


44.7 
43. S 
57.4 
54.0 
62.7 

47.5 


38.9 
39.5 
29.9 
30.0 
31.1 

43.1 


16.0 




16.3 


Mixed tribal... 


12.5 


Tribal blood of one parent unknown 


14 6 


Mixed blood 


6.1 


ALASKA. 


a7 






Full blood 


43.5 
69.6 


46.2 
26.1 


9.6 




4.0 







INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES AND ALASKA, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE PERIODS, BY 

MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910. 



Table 40 


BOTH SEXES. 


MALE. 


FEMALE. 


MIXTURE OF BLOOD. 


Total. 


Under 
20 years 
of age. 


20 to 50 
years 
of age. 


51 years 
of age 
and 
over. 


Age un- 
Imown. 


Total. 


Under 
20 years 
of age. 


20 to 50 
years 
of age. 


51 years 
of age 
and 
over. 


Age un- 
known. 


Total. 


Under 
20 years 
of "age. 


20 to 50 
years 
of age. 


51 years 
of age 
and 
over. 


Age un- 
known. 


United States 


265,683 


136,804 


95,967 


31,963 


949 


135,133 


69,362 


49,254 


16,036 


481 


130,550 


67,442 


46,713 


15,927 


468 


Full blood 


150,053 


67, 129 


58,304 


24,019 


601 


75,667 


34,200 


29,415 


11,757 


295 


74,386 


32,929 


28,889 


12,262 


306 






Full tribal 


139,289 

10,251 

8,924 

1,327 

513 
93,423 


60,973 
5,879 
4,822 
1,057 

277 
58,553 


55,081 

3,009 

2,824 

245 

154 
29,008 


22,665 

1,279 

1,255 

24 

75 
5,726 


570 
24 
23 

1 

7 
136 


70,068 

5,353 

4,684 

669 

246 
48,157 


31,081 

2,981 

2,454 

527 

138 
29,612 


27,639 

1,702 

1,570 

132 

74 
15,295 


11,067 

659 

649 

10 

31 
3,176 


281 
11 
11 

3 

74 


69,221 

4,898 

4,240 

658 

267 
45,266 


29,892 

2,898 

2,368 

530 

139 
28,941 


27,442 

1,367 

1,254 

113 

80 
13,713 


11,598 

620 

606 

14 

44 
2,550 


289 


Mixed tribal 


13 




12 


Three or more tribes 


1 


Tribal blood of one parent un- 
known 


4 


Mixed blood 


62 


White and Indian 


88,030 
18, 169 
24,353 
43,937 

1,571 
2,255 

717 
729 
780 
29 
1,793 

464 
80 
42 
35 
3 

801 

3,661 
18,546 

25,331 


65,586 
11,993 
12,003 
30,520 

1,070 

1,229 

406 

299 

507 

17 

1,113 

213 
57 
25 
29 
3 

355 

1,589 
9,533 

12,034 


27,096 
5,083 
9,950 

11,636 

427 
827 
248 
334 
236 
9 
527 

202 
19 
13 
6 


5,243 
1,080 
2,350 
1,746 

67 
193 
62 
92 
37 
2 
146 

49 
4 
4 


105 
13 
50 
35 

7 
6 

1 
4 

i' 

7 


45,348 

9,458 

12,644 

22,427 

819 
1,222 
396 
396 
415 
15 
912 

239 
37 
19 
18 


28,100 
6,151 
5,981 

15,437 

531 
654 
218 
160 
267 
9 
549 

108 
22 
10 
12 


14,293 
2,694 
5,330 
6,022 

247 
439 
137 
175 
123 
4 
272 

110 
12 
6 
6 


2,900 
608 

1,304 
949 

39 
124 

40 
58 
25 

1 
86 

21 
3 
3 


55 
5 
29 
19 

2 
5 

1 
3 

i' 

5 


42,682 
8,711 
11,709 
21,510 

752 
1,033 
321 
333 
365 
14 
881 

225 

43 

23 

17 

3 

402 

1,831 
9,067 

12,336 


27,486 
5,842 
6,022 

15,083 

539 
575 
188 
139 
240 
8 
564 

105 

35 

15 

17 

3 

176 

784 
4,788 

5,848 


12,803 
2,389 
4,620 
5,614 

180 
388 
111 
159 
113 
5 
255 

92 

7 
7 


2,343 

472 

1,046 

797 

28 
69 
22 
34 
12 
1 
60 

28 
1 
1 


50 




8 


Half white, half Indian 

More than half white 

Unknown proportions, in- 
cluding "^Mexican" mix- 


21 

16 

5 


Negro and Indian 


1 


Less than half Negro 

Half Netn-o. half Indian 

More than naif Negro 

Unknown proportions 

Negro, white, and Indian 

Either white or Negro and 
Indian 


i 

2 






Pnlynpsinn 


























337 

1,427 
7,228 

10,923 


91 

537 
1,681 

2,210 


18 

108 
104 

164 


399 

1,830 
9,479 

12,995 


179 

805 
4,745 

6,186 


169 

700 
3,844 

5,596 


42 

261 

842 

1,135 


9 

64 

48 

78 


168 

727 
3,384 

5,327 


49 

276 
839 

1,075 


9 


Blood not reported: 

On special Indian schedule 

On general populationschedule.. 

Alaska 


44 
56 

86 


Full blood 


21,444 

3,887 


9,329 
2,705 


9,910 
1,013 


2,054 
156 


151 
13 


11,049 
1,946 


4,839 
1,347 


5,082 
514 


1,058 


70 

8 


10,395 
1,941 


4,490 
1,358 


4,828 
499 


996 
79 


81 


Mixed blood 


5 








3,843 

43 

9 

34 

1 


2,664 

40 

8 

32 

1 


1,010 
3 

1 
2 


156 


13 


1,927 
18 
4 
14 


1,329 
17 
3 
14 

1 


513 

1 
1 


77 


8 


1,916 

25 

5 

20 


1,335 
23 
5 
18 


497 
2 


79 


5 






























2 




































1 1 


1 ' 





AGE DISTRIBUTION. 



59 



TNTniA.NS IN THE UNITED STATES, BY PIVISIONS AND STATES, AND IN ALASKA, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO 
liNLUAixo PURITY OF BLOOD AND AGE PERIODS: 1910. 



Tatolt' 41 

DIVISION AND STATE. 



United St.vtes. 



GEor.n.tPHic nmsioNs: 

New England 

Miilille Atlantic 

East North Central.. 
■West North Central. 

South .\thuitic 

East South Central.. 
West South Central . 

Mountain 

Pacific 



New Engl-vxd: 

Maine 

New Hampshire. 

Vermont 

Massachusetts. .. 

Rhode Island 

Connecticut 



Middle .\tl.vntic: 

New York 

New Jersey 

rennsylvania... 



E.IST North Centeal: 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 



West North Central; 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 

Kansas 



South Atl-intic: 

Delaware 

Maryland 

District of Columbia. 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 

Florida 



East South Central: 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi. 



West South Central: 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 



Mol'XT.iin: 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming. . . 

Colorado 

New Me.xico. 

Arizona 

Utah 

Neyada 



Pacific: 

Washington . 

Oregon 

California 



Alaska. 



all INDIANS. 



Total. 



265, CSS 



2,076 
7,717 
18,255 
41,406 
9,054 
2,612 
70,767 
75,338 
32,458 



892 
34 
26 

688 
284 
152 



6,046 

108 

1,503 



127 

279 

188 

7,519 

10, 142 



9,053 
471 
313 
6,486 
19, 137 
3,502 
2,444 



5 

55 

68 

539 

36 

7,851 

331 

95 

74 



234 

216 

909 

1,253 



460 

780 

74,826 

702 



10,745 
3,488 
1,486 
1,482 
20,573 
29,201 
3,123 
5,240 



10,997 
6,090 
16,371 



Under 
20 years 
of ago. 



136,804 



835 
3,072 
8,705 
20,072 
4,946 
1,408 
44,703 
37,541 
14,802 



20 to 50 
years 
of age. 



51 years 
of age 
and 
over. 



95,907 



3,150 
6,775 
14.S49 
3,104 
912 
25,924 
2S. 1G4 
12, 157 



359 
13 
9 

280 
122 
62 



2,737 
63 



50 
142 

56 
3,424 
5,093 



4,667 
ISO 
148 
3,371 
8,563 
1,774 
1,379 



4 
30 
23 
285 
21 
4,316 
187 
50 
30 



141 
111 
544 
672 



248 

463 

43,676 

316 



4,994 

1,359 

667 

837 

10,834 

15,389 

1,407 

2,054 



5,055 
2,427 
7,320 

12,034 



31,963 



360 

Sli9 

2. WIS 

6,400 

930 

231 

5,924 

9, 2112 

5,313 



3S4 
14 
9 

288 
U5 
62 



2,453 

94 

603 



59 

99 

108 

2,876 

3,633 



3,215 

247 

135 

2,155 

7,000 

1,243 

854 



1 

19 
35 
201 
11 
2,713 
108 
36 
40 



70 

84 

306 

452 



178 

260 

25,196 

290 



4,063 

1,394 

610 

474 

7,584 

10,485 

1,250 

2,304 



4,023 
1,782 
6,352 



116 
47 
36 



830 
11 

28 



18 

38 

24 

1.207 

1,381 



1,171 
42 
29 
945 
3,534 
480 
199 



full-blood INDIANS. 



Age 
un- 
known. 



6 
10 
53 

4 

816 

36 

8 

4 



23 
21 
59 
128 



32 

57 

6,746 

89 



1,677 
696 
206 
166 
2,124 
3,106 
425 
803 



1,837 

871 

2,605 



10,923 2,210 



26 

47 

85 

8 

1 

216 

371 

1S6 



26 



207 
7 



11 

39 

4 

5 

31 

161 

41 

79 



Total. 



150,053 



448 

3,441 

8.838 

22,903 

1,440 

1,083 

26,417 

65,319 

20,104 



422 



Under 
20 years 
of age. 



2,850 
62 
529 



26 

34 

1 

3,528 

5,249 



3,859 
2S0 
16 
2,499 
13,247 
2,294 



67,129 



149 

1,502 

3,629 

9,173 

645 

577 

11,777 

31,947 

7,670 



20 to 50 
years 
of age. 



51 years 
ofage 
and 
over. 



58,304 



194 

1,425 

3,446 

8,1.39 

509 

397 

11,280 

24,571 

7.783 



1,394 
11 



2 

4 
1,077 



293 

25,887 

237 



6,204 

2,864 

1,174 

718 

20,085 

27,087 

2,900 

4,287 



6,770 
2,901 
10,493 



1,260 

6 

296 



1,338 
2,275 



1,638 

138 

2 

1,002 

5,085 

996 

312 



11 



24,019 



Age 
un- 
known. 



601 



105 

444 

1,725 

6,040 

221 

109 

3.239 

8,558 

4,578 



1,140 
54 
231 



17 

16 

1 

1,424 

1,988 



1,455 

110 

12 

901 

4,987 
881 
293 



6 
635 



1 

576 



21,444 



161 

11,501 

115 



2,301 

l,a21 

490 

351 

10,501 

14,340 

1,300 

1,683 



2,613 
1,060 
4,007 



541 

7 



2 

1 

394 



440 



757 
957 



703 

30 

2 

6S7 

3,149 

413 

96 



121 
243 
133 



MIXED-BLOOD INDIANS. 



Total. 



Under 20to50|5J,5;\^f 
20 years years "l^S" 
ofage. ofage. I ^^^^_ 



93,423 



2,620 
7,031 

10,159 

6,344 

396 

44,552 
5,945 
8,904 



3S4 
3 



58,653 



399 
1,306 
4,292 
9,793 
3,584 

249 

29,532 

3,697 

5,041 



186 
1 



347 

997 

2,592 

6,241 

2,174 

120 

12,670 

1,9(;9 

2,898 



155 
1 



213 

4 



2 
107 



117 

11,069 

94 



2,508 
1,154 
498 
254 
7,421 
9,634 
1,165 
1,937 



2,532 
1,102 
4,149 



9,910 



26 



1,391 
655 
182 
112 
2,078 
2,979 
409 



1,568 

744 

2,266 



2,054 



184 



14 

61 

8 

3,218 

4,330 



55 

3,561 

5,408 

939 

1,288 



1,025 



12 
290 



5,855 
177 



59 

247 

90 



341 



29 

7 

1,717 

2,531 



2,882 

14 

31 

2,171 

3,241 

629 

825 



119 
2 



4 

34 
4 
1 

25 
134 

26 

15 



102 

44,288 

162 



3,895 
514 
284 
50 
175 
414 
106 
508 



3,019 
1,668 
4,217 



163 
"28 



121 
253 
740 

1,106 

584 

27 

2,292 
208 
335 



Ago 
un- 
known. 



758 
'239 



4 
21 

1 
1,148 
1,418 



1,627 

6 

19 

1,080 

1,840 

265 



5 
118 



3,326 
107 



39 
155 
55 



71 

29,386 

76 



2,376 
308 
171 

37 
120 
283 

61 
341 



1,875 
1,125 
2,641 

2,705 



1,992 
66 



241 
"i2 



351 

376 



374 
2 
6 
300 
317 
46 
63 



31 



636 
14 



25 

12,572 

73 



,317 
187 
97 
7 
47 
114 
36 
164 



980 

476 

1,443 



6 

2,275 

11 



198 
17 
16 
6 
8 
16 
4 
3 



147 
66 
123 

156 



136 



S 

4 
7 
19 



58 
11 
30 



4 
10 



56 
2 



17 
3 

10 



Table 42 shows, for each of the 22 selected states, 
the age distribution of Indians of full blood and of 
mixed blood, respectively, and Table 43 gives a similar 
distribution for each principal stock and tribe in the 



United States and Alaska. The number of Indians in 
each stock and tribe in the United States and Alaska 
in 1910 is distributed in detail according to mixture of 
blood, sex, and age in Tables 51 (p. 123) and 52 (p. 154). 



60 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



Table 43 


AU 

ages: i 
1910. 


tJNDER 20 TEAKS 
OF AGE. 


20 TO 50 TEARS 
OF AGE. 


51 YEARS OF AGE 
AND OVER. 


STATE. 


All 

ages: i 

1910. 


UNDER 20 TEARS 
OF AGE. 


20 TO 50 TEARS 
OF AGE. 


51 TEARS OF AGE 
AND OVER. 


STATE. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 

cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 








INDIANS 


OF FULL BLOOD. 








INDLiNS 


DF MIXED BLOOD 






TJnited States... 


150,053 


67,129 


44.7 


68,304 


38.9 


24.019 


16.0 


United States.... 
Arizona 


93,423 


58,553 


62.7 


29,008 


31.1 


5,726 


6.1 


1 


27,087 

10,493 
718 
2,864 
616 
3,528 
3,859 
1,077 
6,204 
2,294 
4,287 

20,0So 
2,850 
1,394 
2,499 

25,887 
2,901 

13,247 
2,900 
6,770 
5,249 
1,174 


14,. 340 
4,007 

351 
1,021 

189 
1,3.38 
1,638 

576 
2,301 

996 

1,583 

10,501 

l,2fi0 

635 
1,003 
11,501 
1,050 
6,085 
1,300 
2,613 
2,275 

490 


52.9 
38.2 
48.9 
35.6 
36.6 
37.9 
42.4 
53.5 
37.1 
43.4 
36.9 
62.6 
44.2 
45.6 
40.1 
44.4 
36.2 
38.4 
44.8 
38.6 
43.3 
41.7 


9,634 
4,149 

254 
1,154 

224 
1,424 
1,455 

394 
2,508 

881 
1,937 
7,421 
1,140 

641 

901 
11,069 
1,102 
4,987 
1,165 
2,532 
1,988 

498 


35.6 
39.5 
35.4 
40.3 
43.4 
40.4 
37.7 
36.6 
40.4 
3.". 4 
45.2 
30.9 
40.0 
3S.8 
36.1 
42.8 
38.0 
37.6 
40.2 
37.4 
37.9 
42.4 


2,979 

2,266 
112 
655 
96 
757 
763 
107 

1,391 
413 
752 

2,078 
440 
213 
587 

3,198 
744 

3,149 
409 

1,6C8 
957 
182 


11.0 
21.8 
15.6 
22.9 
18.6 
21.5 
19.8 
9.9 
22.4 
18.0 
17.5 
10.3 
15.4 
15.3 
23.5 
12.4 
25.6 
23.8 
14.1 
23.2 
18.2 
15.5 


414 

4,217 

50 

514 

889 

3,218 

4,886 

90 

3,895 

939 

508 

176 

2,028 

5,855 

3,661 

44,288 

1,668 

5,408 

106 

3,019 

4,330 

284 


283 

2,641 

37 

308 

508 

1,717 

2,882 

65 

2,376 

629 

341 

120 

1,025 

3,326 

2,171 

29,385 

1,125 

3,241 

61 

1,875 

2,531 

171 


68.4 
62.6 
74.0 
59.9 
57.1 
53.4 
59.0 
61.1 
61.0 
67.0 
67.1 
68.6 
60.5 
66.8 
61.0 
66.3 
67.4 
59.9 
58.1 
62.1 
68.5 
60.2 


114 

1,443 

7 

187 

317 

1,148 

1,627 

26 

1,317 

265 

164 

47 

758 

1,992 

1,086 

12,572 

475 

1,840 

36 

980 

1,418 

97 


27.5 
34.2 
14.0 
36.4 
36.7 
35.7 
33.3 
28.9 
33.8 
28.2 
32.3 
26.9 
37.4 
34.0 
30.6 
28.4 
28.5 
34.0 
34.3 
32.5 
32.7 
34.2 


16 

123 

6 

17 

63 

351 

374 

9 

198 

45 

3 

8 

241 

530 

300 

2,275 

65 

317 

4 

147 

376 

16 


3.9 




California 


2.9 




Colorado 


12.0 




Idaho 


3.3 




Kansas^ 


7.1 




Michigan 


10.9 




Minnesota 

Mississippi 


7.7 




10.0 




Montana 


5.1 




Nebraska 


4.8 




Nevada 


0.6 






4.6 




New York 


11.9 


North Carolina 




9.2 


North Dakota 


8.4 




Oklahoma 


5.1 




Oregon 


3.9 




South Dakota 


5.9 




Utah 


3.8 


Washington 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 




4.9 


Wisconsin 


8.7 


Wyoming 


6.6 


Total for 22 states.. 
All other states 


147,883 
2,170 


06,112 
1,017 


44.7 
46.9 


57,358 
946 


38.8 
43.6 


23,816 
203 


16.1 
9.4 


Total for 22 states... 
All other states 


90,341 
3,082 


66,807 
1,746 


62.9 
56.7 


27,916 
1,092 


30.9 
35.4 


6,490 
230 


6.1 
7.7 







' Totals include Indians of unknown age. 



2 E.xclusive of Indians in Ilaskell Institute, who are included in the total for " AU other states." 



AGE DISTRIBUTION OF INDIANS OF FULL BLOOD AND OF MIXED BLOOD, FOR EACH PRINCIPAL STOCK AND 

TRIBE: 1910. 

[This table shows each stock and tribe having 200 or more Indians in 1910. Per cent not showTi where base is less than 60.] 



Table 43 


INDLiNS OF FULL BLOOD: 1910. 


INDLiNS OF MIXED BLOOD: 1910. 


STOCK AND TRIBE. 


Under 20 years of 
age. 


20 to 50 years of 
age. 


51 years of age and 
over. 


Under 20 years of 
age. 


20 to 50 years of 
age. 


51 years of age and 
over. 




Number. Percent. 


Ntimber. 


Per cent. 


Number. 


Per cent. 


Number. 


Per cent. 


Number. 


Per cent. 


Number. 


Per cent. 



■UNITED STATES. 



Aloonquian stock 


7,386 


40.2 


7,384 


40.1 


3,578 


19.4 


13,047 


68.5 


7,430 


33.3 


1,821 


8.2 




637 

1,011 

2,806 

8 

106 

163 

89 

1 

276 

26 

694 

118 

12 

636 

428 

251 

223 

59 

16,720 


41.0 
38.0 
40.3 


667 
1,102 
2,699 
23 
121 
165 
108 


43.2 
41.4 
38.7 


195 

643 

1,453 

9 

81 

71 

39 


14.9 
20.4 
20.8 


73 

187 

7,615 

247 

421 

78 

70 

86 

464 

94 

671 

34 

91 

649 

. 906 

110 

618 

184 

698 


67.6 
58.6 
58.0 
69.1 
66.5 
65.5 
65.4 
42.0 
64.8 
66.6 
57.3 
37.4 
60.3 
61.6 
61.3 
64.3 
64.8 
64.1 

66.8 


35 

119 

4,375 

134 

178 

40 

31 

89 

201 

63 

332 

45 

65 

372 

474 

50 

242 

119 

322 


32.4 
37.3 
33.3 
32.1 
28.1 
33.6 
29.0 
43.4 
28.1 
31.9 
33.3 
49.5 
35.9 
36.3 
32.1 
29.2 
30.3 
35.0 

30.8 






Cheyenne 


13 
1,138 
36 
34 
1 
6 
30 
51 
19 
92 
12 
24 
32 
97 
11 
39 
37 

25 


4.1 




8.7 




8.6 




38.0 
39.2 
37.1 


43.4 
42.3 

45.0 


18.3 
18.2 
16.3 


6.4 


Cros Ventres 


0.8 




5.6 




14.6 




39.2 
44.1 
40.3 
40.0 
14.1 
44.2 
44.6 
45.9 
41.7 
32.1 

65.6 


258 

19 

681 

128 

41 

475 

357 

229 

236 

84 

9,601 


36.6 
32.2 
39.6 
43.4 
48.2 
39.1 
37.2 
41.9 
44.1 
46.7 

34.0 


170 
14 

341 
49 
32 

202 

170 
65 
76 
41 

2,857 


24.1 
23.7 
19.8 
16.6 
37.6 
16.6 
17.7 
11.9 
14.2 
22.3 

10.1 


7.1 




11.4 




9.2 


Passamaquoddy 


13.2 






Piegan 


3.0 






Sauk and Fox 


6.4 






Stockbridges 


10.9 


Athapaskan stock 


2.4 


Apache 


1,867 

118 

329 

184 

12,991 

80 

11 

766 


49.1 
34.2 
47.4 
44.8 
58.2 
35.9 
13.4 

48.7 


1,383 

126 

261 

141 

7,433 

65 

31 

610 


36.4 
36.5 
37.6 
34.3 
33.3 
29.1 
37.8 

38.8 


644 
101 
104 
86 
1,804 
77 
40 

193 


14.3 
29.3 
16.0 
20.9 
8.1 
34.5 
48.8 

12.3 


90 
179 


70.9 
80.9 


33 
105 


20.0 
36.7 


4 
10 


3.1 




3.4 








10 
73 
109 
99 

185 




2 

25 
48 
45 

73 




i 
1 

3 
1 

17 




Navajo 


73.7 
68.1 
68.3 

66.8 


25.3 
30.0 
31.0 

26.4 


1.0 




1.9 


Wailaki 


0.7 


Caddoan stock 


6.1 


Ankara 


183 
177 
240 
162 

116 


49.2 
62.7 
44.1 
52.6 

40.6 


1,30 

128 
238 
107 

112 


34.9 
38.1 
43.8 
34.7 

39.2 


68 
31 
62 
39 

56 


16.6 
9.2 
11.4 
12.7 

19.6 


46 

79 

51 

9 

16 
16 


62.5 
68.1 
66.2 


18 
33 
20 

1 

2 


25.0 
28.4 
26.0 


9 
6 


12.5 








7.8 






CmMAKUAN STOCK 






2 




Quileute 


95 


39.6 


92 


38.3 


61 


21.3 




1 




2 





AGE DISTRIBUTION. 61 

AOF DTSTRIBITTION OF INDIANS OF FULL BLOOD AND OF MIXED BLOOD, FOR EACH PRINCIPAL STOCK AND 
AUJL i^iox TRIBE: 1910— Continued. 

[This table shows each stock nud tribe having 200 or more Indians in 1910. Per cent not shown where base is loss than 50.] 



Table 43— Continued. 



STOCK AND TRIBE. 



INCUNS OF FULL BLOOD: 1910. 



Under 20 years of 
age. 



Number. 



Per cent. 



20 to 50 years of 
age. 



Number. 



Per cent. 



51 years of age and 
over. 



Number. 



Per cent. 



raDUNS OF MIXED BLOOD: 1910. 



Under 20 years of 



Number. 



Per cent. 



20 to 50 years of 



Number. 



Per cent. 



51 years of age and 
over. 



Number. 



Per cent. 









UNITED STATES— Continued. 














Chinookan stock 


163 


35.5 


186 


40.5 


106 


23.1 


249 


57.1 


147 


33.7 


38 


8.7 


Chinook 


16 
61 

76 

257 


30.2 
38.4 
35.2 

66.1 


21 

58 
95 

160 


39.6 
36.5 
44.0 

34.9 


15 
40 
42 

37 


28.3 
25.2 
19.4 

8.1 


150 
46 
27 

3,016 


57.5 
55.4 
47.4 

66.1 


88 
26 
25 

1,852 


33.7 
31.3 
43.9 

34.5 


22 
10 
5 

602 


8.4 
12.0 
8.8 






Ckoatan gboup 


9.3 




257 
5,391 


56.1 
45.2 


160 

4,875 


34.9 

40.8 


37 
1,654 


8.1 
13.9 


3,016 
17,348 


56.1 
63.9 


1,852 
8,065 


34.5 
29.7 


502 
1,706 


9.3 


IKOQUOIAN STOCK 


6.3 




3,075 
25 
970 
138 
83 
914 
132 
17 

121 


44.6 
39.7 
46.2 
46.2 
62.4 
45.2 
43.3 


2,889 
32 
829 
130 
39 
791 
121 
11 

147 


41.9 
50.8 
39.5 
43.5 
29.3 
39.1 
39.7 


932 

6 

297 

30 

11 

308 

52 

6 

95 


13.5 
9.5 
14.2 
10.0 
8.3 
15.2 
17.0 


15,810 
129 
197 
40 
581 
316 
48 
191 

258 


65.0 
42.4 
59.2 
62.5 
53.5 
55.2 
57.8 
60.1 

62.8 


7,086 

133 

107 

16 

388 

200 

26 

95 

144 


29.1 
43.8 
32.1 
25.0 
35.7 
35.0 
31.3 
29.9 

35.0 


1,413 

41 

29 

7 

116 

55 

9 

32 

9 


5.8 
13.5 

8.7 
10.9 
10.7 

9.6 
10.8 
10.1 
















Karok stock 


33.2 


40.4 


26.1 


2.2 




121 
1,902 


33.2 
47.8 


147 
1,603 


40.4 
40.3 


95 

470 


26.1 
11.8 


258 
26 


62.8 


144 
5 


35.0 


9 
2 


2.2 


Keresan stock 




Acoma 

Cochiti 

Laguna 


317 
103 
717 
213 
86 
415 

404 


46.2 
43.5 
50.2 
43.6 
40.8 
50.8 

49.4 


273 
109 
528 
206 
100 
344 

298 


39.8 
46.0 
37.0 
42.1 
47.4 
42.1 

36.4 


96 
25 
182 
69 
25 
58 

114 


14.0 
10.5 
12.8 
14.1 
11.8 
7.1 

13.9 


S 
21" 




5' 




i' 




Santa Ana 

KiowAN stock 


225 


76.0 


60 




20.3 


^ 

9 


3.0 




404 
83 


49.4 
32.5 


298 
123 


36.4 
48.2 


114 
49 


13.9 
19.2 


226 
163 


76.0 
57.6 


60 
101 


20.3 
35.7 


9 
19 


3.0 


KUTENAIAN STOCK 


6.7 




83 
230 


32.5 
35.0 


123 
236 


48.2 
35.9 


49 
189 


19.2 
28.8 


163 
212 


57.6 
66.3 


101 
103 


35.7 
32.2 


19 
4 


6.7 


LtJTUAMIAN STOCK 


1.3 


Klamath 


156 
74 

181 


34.0 
37.4 

33.3 


163 
73 

206 


35.5 
36.9 

37.9 


138 
51 

153 


30.1 
25.8 

28.1 


166 
66 

338 


66.1 
66.7 

62.5 


76 
27 

193 


32.2 
32.1 

35.7 


4 


1.7 


Modoc 


10 




Maidu stock 


1.8 


Maldu 


181 
99 


33.3 
28.9 


206 
141 


37.9 
41.1 


153 
102 


28.1 
29.7 


338 
214 


62.5 
60.3 


193 

127 


35.7 
35.8 


10 
11 


1.8 




3.1 




97 
6,358 


29.0 
46.7 


138 
5,911 


41.2 
43.4 


99 
1,279 


29.6 
9.4 


202 

10,524 

6 

2,219 

6,045 

2,031 

222 

104 


60.5 
68.7 


120 
4,147 


35.9 
27.1 


9 
635 


2.7 


MUSKHOGEAN STOCK 


4.1 




154 

504 

3,369 

1,622 

654 

4,268 


63.5 
44.7 
47.5 
43.5 
50.7 

51.2 


111 

518 

3,004 

1,724 

514 

3,035 


38.5 
45.9 
42.3 
46.2 
39.9 

36.4 


23 
99 
677 
361 
118 

1,015 


8.0 
8.8 
9.5 
9.7 
9.2 

12.2 








1 

87 

343 

181 

23 

9 






72.2 
69.4 
64.9 
66.6 

62.3 


767 

2.321 

915 

144 

54 


24.9 
26.6 
29.2 
36.7 

32.3 


2.8 
3.9 






5.9 




PriKAN STOCK 


5.4 


Papago 


1,936 

2,097 

211 

342 


52.3 
50.2 
49.5 

37.7 


1,388 

1,450 

183 

340 


37.5 
34.7 
43.0 

37.5 


369 

614 

30 

223 


10.0 
14.7 
7.0 

24.6 


40 
13 
49 

128 


72.7 


13 

6 
32 

76 


23.6 


2 


3.6 


Pima 

Yaqul 


55.7 
58.2 


36.4 
34.5 


7 
16 


8.0 


POMO STOCK 


7.3 


Pomo 


232 


38.2 


1 220 


36.2 


153 


25.2 


1 69 


59.0 


39 


33.3 


9 


7.7 



62 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



AGE DISTRIBUTION OF INDIANS OF FULL BLOOD AND OF MIXED BLOOD, FOR EACH PRINCIPAL STOCK AND 

TRIBE: 1910— Continued. 

[This table shows each stock and tribe having 200 or more Indians in 1910. Per cent not shown "where base is less than 50.] 



Table 43— Continued. 


INDIANS OF FULL BLOOD: 1910. 


INDUNS OF MIXED BLOOD: 1910. 


STOCK AXD TEraE. 


Under 20 years of 

age. 


20 to 50 years of 
age. 


51 years of age and 
over. 


Under 20 years of 
age. 


20 to 50 years of 
age. 


51 years of age and 
over. 




Number. 


Per cent. 


Number. 


Per cent. 


Number. Per cent. 


Number. 


Per cent. 


Number. 


Per cent. 


Number. 


Per cent. 



trXITED STATES— Continued. 





1,957 


39.1 


1,825 


36.5 


1,192 


23.8 


1,748 


63.7 


880 


32,0 


110 


4.0 








88 
114 
106 
97 
124 
79 
113 
102 
51 
73 
86 
58 
212 
128 
66 
121 

1,159 


43.8 
45.2 
44.9 
33.2 
35.9 
38.3 
31.3 
51.0 
42.1 
41.0 
39.3 
32.2 
44.9 
31.3 
37.3 
43.4 

34.4 


63 
103 
79 
123 
134 
83 
142 
62 
47 
72 
81 
77 
163 
151 
65 
95 

1,355 


31.3 
40.9 
33.5 
42.1 
38.8 
40.3 
39.3 
31.0 
38.8 
40.4 
37.0 
42.8 
32.4 
30.9 
36.7 
34.1 

40.2 


50 
32 
48 
65 
86 
44 
106 
36 
02 
33 
52 
42 
101 
125 
45 
63 

811 


24.9 
12.7 
20.3 
22.3 
24.9 
21.4 
29.4 
18.0 
18.2 
18.5 
23.7 
23.3 
21.4 
30.6 
25.4 
22.6 

24.1 


57 
98 
21 
64 
257 
178 
127 
123 
70 
74 
43 
23 
118 
139 
95 
38 

606 


70.4 
67.1 


22 
47 
13 
22 
157 
89 
66 
29 
51 
37 
24 
11 
68 
81 
32 
15 

329 


27.2 
32.2 


2 


2.5 


Clallam 












72.7 
58.8 
03.6 
62.9 
80.4 
51.9 
62.2 
02.3 


25.0 
35.9 
31.8 
32,7 
19.0 
37.8 
31.1 
34.8 


1 
23 
13 

9 

1 
14 
7 
2 
5 
4 
13 
2 
1 

60 


1.1 


Colville 


5.3 


Flathead 


4.6 




4.5 




0.7 


Okinagan 


10.4 


Puvallup 


5 9 




2.9 


Sanpoil 




Snohomish 


62.1 
59.7 
73.1 
70.4 

60.7 


35.8 
34.8 
24.6 
27.8 

33.0 


2.1 




5 6 


SuQuamish 


1.5 




1.9 


Shahaptian stock 


6.0 






Klikitat 


117 
319 
61 
36 
211 
371 

479 


34,9 
32.9 
27.9 
28.6 
39.2 
35.6 

41.2 


133 
364 
94 
50 
203 
443 

438 


39.7 
37.5 
42.9 
39.7 
37.7 
42.5 

37.7 


84 

260 

61 

40 

124 

213 

221 


25.1 
26.8 
27.9 
31.7 
23.0 
20.4 

19.0 


36 
169 

29 

168 

7 

194 

266 


56.3 
61.2 
54.7 
62.0 


26 
91 
16 
85 
5 
104 

136 


40.6 
33.0 
30.2 
31.4 


2 
14 

8 
18 


3.1 




5.1 


Umatilla 


15.1 


Wallawalla 


6.6 


"Warm Springs 




Yakima 


61.2 
64.4 


32.8 
32.9 


18 
9 


5.7 


ShARTAN STOCK 


2.2 






Hat Creek 


83 
369 
27 

5,969 


37.7 
43.9 
26.7 

40.7 


79 
326 
33 

6,179 


35.9 
38.8 
32.7 

42.1 


56 
124 
41 

2.455 


25.5 
14.7 
40.6 

16.7 


12 
93 
161 

1,241 




8 
47 
81 

610 








Pit River 


64.6 
64.7 

64.4 


32.6 
32.5 

31.6 


2 

7 

65 


1.4 


Shasta 


2.8 




3.4 








101 
116 
281 

1,003 
294 
494 
284 
971 
139 

1,269 
925 

8,786 


31.3 
36.5 
38.2 
50.0 
41.9 
40.7 
42.1 
30.4 
39.6 
38.1 
43.8 

39.0 


139 
130 
316 
825 
271 
525 
265 

1,196 
143 

1,422 
847 

8,609 


43.0 
41.3 
42.9 
41.1 
38.6 
43.2 
39.3 
44.9 
40.7 
42.7 
40.1 

38.2 


83 
70 
127 
176 
130 
184 
117 
489 
67 
630 
325 

5,075 


25.7 
22.2 
17.3 
8.8 
19.4 
15.1 
17.4 
18.4 
19.1 
18.9 
15.4 

22.5 


48 

24 

256 

2 

33 
155 

47 
155 

77 
316 

77 

6.221 


53.3 


37 
IS 

119 
1 

19 
62 
25 
68 
34 

177 
31 

3.165 


41.1 


5 

1 

29 


5.6 








62.9 


29.2 


7.1 








63.5 
69.5 
60.3 
68.3 
67.0 
62.6 
68.8 

62.8 


36.5 
27.8 
32.1 
30.0 
29.6 
35.0 
27.7 

32.0 






Mono 


2 
5 
4 
3 
12 
1 

503 


9 




6.4 


Paviotso 


1 8 




2.6 


Shoshoni 


2 4 


Ute 


0.9 


SlOU.^N STOCK 


5 1 








250 
409 
216 

21 

31 

61 
436 
268 

99 
189 

37 
303 
183 
500 
4,176 
219 
366 
124 
1,680 

18 
111 

46 
1,612 
671 
453 
422 

1,314 


31.5 
32.9 
51.7 
3.5.6 
43.7 
37.0 
49.3 
45.3 
46.9 
41.0 
58.7 
37.9 
37.0 
34.3 
39.4 
36. 9 
38.4 
35.1 
40.3 
28.1 
33.3 
32.2 
40.4 
43.5 
33.6 
36.9 

43.7 


310 

512 
131 

28 

28 

57 
324 
253 

84 
189 

21 
278 
231 
644 
3,987 
222 
410 
119 
1,571 

22 
130 

56 

1,457 

599 

498 

425 

1,320 


39.1 
41.2 
31.3 
47.5 
39.4 
34.5 
36.6 
42.8 
39.8 
41.0 
33.3 
34.8 
46.7 
39.5 
37.6 
37.4 
43.0 
33.7 
37.7 
34.4 
39.0 
39.2 
36.5 
38.8 
36.9 
37.2 

43.9 


233 

319 

67 

10 

10 

46 

122 

70 

27 

83 

5 

217 

79 

423 

2,419 

152 

178 

109 

913 

24 

92 

41 

910 

250 

393 

295 

368 


29.4 
25.7 
16.0 
16.9 
14.1 
27.9 
13.8 
11.8 
12.8 
18.0 
7.9 
27.2 
16.0 
25.9 
22.8 
25.6 
IS. 7 
30.9 
21.9 
37.5 
27.6 
28.7 
22.8 
16.2 
29.2 
25.8 

12.2 


291 

274 

91 
116 
123 

33 
104 
526 

70 
269 

88 
441 
070 

545 

2,101 

123 

74 

17 

1,096 

104 

76 

84 

587 

l.i9 

441 

139 

65 


65.1 
69.2 
70.5 

62.7 
73.7 


145 

111 
33 
58 
39 
10 
36 

212 
42 

125 
26 

240 

ITS 

2S2 

1,195 

80 

29 

12 

620 
39 
57 
48 

310 
97 

241 
63 

30 


32.4 
28.0 
25.6 
31.4 
23.4 


11 

11 
3 

10 
5 
1 
4 

36 

14 
4 
59 
27 
49 
192 
9 
6 
4 
76 
9 

10 
14 
64 
21 
34 
7 

6 


2.5 




2 8 


HJdatsa 


2.3 


Iowa 


5 4 


Kan«i!i 


3.0 


Mandan 




Omaha 


72.2 
67.5 
57.9 
65.9 
74.6 
59.6 
57.0 
62.2 
60. 9 
5S.0 
67.9 


25.0 
27.2 
34.7 
30.6 
22.0 
32.4 
37.3 
32.2 
33.7 
37.7 
26.6 


2 8 




• 4.6 


Oto 


5 8 




3 4 




3.4 


Santee Sioux 


8 




5.7 


Sisseton Sioux 


5 6 








4.2 


Hunkpapa Sioux 


5 5 


Minniconjou Sioux 




Oglaia Sioux 


61.1 
68.4 
53.1 
57.5 
61.0 
57.4 
61.4 
66.2 

64.4 


34.6 
25.7 
39.9 
32.9 
.32.2 
35.0 
33.6 
30.0 

29.7 


4 2 




5 9 




7.0 


Two Kettle Sioux 


9 6 


Other Teton Sioux 


0.7 


WInnehaco 


7 6 




4 7 


Yanktonai Sioux 


3 3 


TaNOAN STOCK 


5 9 






Isleta 


346 
211 
175 
1.30 
254 

111 


38.7 
42.3 
45.8 
48. .5 
49.9 

41.4 


431 
225 
165 
113 
187 

94 


48.2 
45.1 
43.2 
42.2 
36.7 

35.1 


117 
63 
41 
25 
07 

63 


13.1 
12.6 
10.7 
9.3 
13.2 

23.5 


18 




9 




1 




Jemez 








San Juan 


4 

7 
7 

39 




1 

2 
1 

17 






Santa Clara 








Taos 








WAnLATPUAN STOCK 


65.0 


2.8.3 


3 


5.0 






Cayuse 


110 


43.3 


85 


33.5 


59 


23.2 


29 




11 




2 





AGE DISTRIBUTION. 



68 



AGE DISTRIBUTION OF INDIANS OF FULL BLOOD AND OF MIXED BLOOD, FOR EACH PRINCIPAL STOCK AND 

TRIBE: 1910— Continued. 

[ This table shows each stocl; and tribe having 200 or more Indians in 1910. Per cent not shown where base is less than 50.} 



Table 43— Continued. 


INTOANS OF FULL BLOOD: 1910. 


raniANS OF MIXED blood: 1910. 


STOCK AND TRIBE. 


Under 20 years of 
age. 


20 to 50 years of 
age. 


51 years of age and 
over. 


Under 20 years of 
age. 


20 to 50 years of 
age. 


51 years of age and 
over. 




Number. 


Per cent. 


Number. 


Per cent. 


Number. 


Per cent. 


Number. 


Per cent. 


Number. 


Per cent. 


Number. 


Per cent. 



■UNITED STATES— Continued. 



Wakashan stock 


159 


44.0 


115 


31.9 


84 


23.3 


17 




10 








157 45.9 
200 32. 


104 
318 


30.4 
49.5 


78 
116 


22.8 
18.0 


12 

105 




6 
64 








Washoan stock 


61.8 


37.6 


1 


0.6 




206 
70 


32.0 

24.8 


318 
105 


49.5 
37.2 


116 
106 


18.0 
37.6 


105 
213 


61.8 
57.1 


64 
146 


37.6 
39.1 


1 
14 


0.6 


WrNTUN STOCK 


3.8 




20 
163 


16.5 
40.6 


44 

175 


36.4 
43.6 


56 
62 


46.3 
15.5 


161 
59 


57.9 
56.7 


106 
42 


38.1 
40.4 


11 
3 


4.0 


YOKDTS WOCK 


2.9 




106 

1,698 

103 
253 

178 
428 
240 
117 
302 

198 


41.0 
42.5 


109 
1,531 


42.7 
38.3 


40 
721 


15.7 
18.0 


17 
165 




10 
50 




2 

6 




YUMAN STOCK 


74.7 


22.6 


2.7 




42.4 
43.2 

48.5 
41.2 
49.5 
45.7 
37.0 

37.5 


104 
220 
130 
388 
157 
77 
361 

214 


42.8 
37.6 
35.4 
37.4 
32.4 
30.1 
44.2 

40.5 


29 
109 

58 
189 
87 
58 
152 

114 


11.9 
18.6 
15. S 
18.2 
17.9 
22.7 
18.6 

21.6 


1 
124 

1 

6 
14 

4 
15 

99 




1 
41 
1 
3 
2 
1 
1 

39 








Diegueno, 

Maricopa 

Mohave 


72.5 


24.0 


6 


3.5 


Walapai 

Yavapai 

Yuma 

YtmOK STOCK 


70.7 


27.9 


2 


1.4 




198 
733 


37.5 
44.4 


214 
682 


40.5 
41.3 


114 

228 


21.6 

13.8 


99 
12 


70.7 


39 
3 


27.9 


2 


1.4 


ZUNLiN STOCK 






733 


44.4 


682 


41.3 


228 


13.8 


12 




3 



















ALASKA. 



Athapaskan stock 


1,574 


43.2 


1,782 


48.9 


286 


7.9 


221 


80.7 


50 18.2 


3 1.1 




122 
316 
154 
170 

5,698 


41.6 
47.0 
44.1 

42.9 

44.3 


140 
302 
163 
192 

5,939 


47.8 
44.9 
46.7 
48.5 

46.2 


31 
54 
32 
34 

1,083 


10.6 
8.0 
9.2 
8.6 

8.4 


3 

20 
9 
16 

942 




1 
5 
1 
3 

256 






































ESKMAUAN STOCK 


76.7 


20.8 


21 


1.7 


Aleut 


456^ 
142 
345 

92 
256 
240 
209 
648 
188 
268 

99 
121 

97 
107 
212 
114 
1,386 

169 


45.6 
47.5 
44.9 
44.0 
44.4 
44.0 
57.9 
44.8 
50.0 
49.1 
35.7 
40.5 
37.6 
35.7 
50.4 
39.3 
43.5 

44.8 


446 
131 
366 
99 
268 
266 
133 
690 
159 
228 
142 
155 
144 
153 
176 
134 
1,495 

155 


44.6 
43.8 
47.7 
47.4 
46.5 
48.7 
36.8 
47.7 
42.3 
41.8 
51.3 
51.8 
55.8 
51.0 
41.8 
46.2 
46.9 

41.1 


96 
26 
57 
18 
52 
40 
19 

109 
29 
40 
27 
23 
17 
38 
33 
42 

284 

61 


9.6 
8.7 
7.4 
8.6 
9.0 
7.3 
5.3 
7.5 
7.7 
7.3 
9.7 
7.7 
6.6 

12.7 
7.8 

14.5 
8.9 

13.5 


301 
27 
13 
29 
18 
15 
8 
33 


66.6 


129 


28.5 


15 


3.3 










1 














































1 
































17 
7 
2 
















1 
































20 

20 

2 

346 

104 






































74.6 
68.0 


111 
46 


23.9 
30.1 


6 

1 


1.3 


Haidan stock 


0.7 


Haida 


169 
1,583 


44.8 
40.7 


155 

1,775 


41.1 
45.6 


51 
529 


13.5 
13.6 


104 
416 


68.0 
77.6 


46 
108 


30.1 
20.1 


1 
12 


0.7 


Tlinoit stock 


2.2 




80 
231 

85 
247 
218 
117 
215 
118 

289 


33.1 
36.7 
44.3 
41.9 
43.8 
42.4 
40.8 
42.8 

47.0 


141 

311 
83 
263 
208 
108 
213 
141 

227 


58.3 
49.4 
43.2 
44.6 
41.8 
39.1 
40.4 
51.1 

36.9 


21 

87 
24 
79 
72 
51 
98 
17 

99 


8.7 
13.8 
12.5 
13.4 
14.5 
18.5 

is.n 

6.2 
16.1 


22 
53 
17 
30 
36 
36 
60 
30 

76 


86.'9' 


2 
7 
5 
5 
2 
9 
19 
1 

35 




1 
1 




Chilkat 


11.5 


i.6 


























Kake 






1 
2 




Sitka 


74.1 


23.5 


2.5 






TSIM.SHLIN STOCK 


66.7 


30.7 


3 


2.6 


Tsimshian 


289 


47.0 


227 


36.9 


99 


16.1 


76 


66.7 


35 


30.7 1 3 


2.6 











64 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



Sex ratios, hy age groups. — Table 44 shows the num- 
ber of Indian males to 100 Indian females, by age 
groups, in the United States and Alaska in 1910. 



EXCESS OF MALES OR FEMALES AMONG INDIANS UNDER 20 
YEARS OF AGE: 1910. 



Table 44 



AGE PERIOD. 



All ages 

Under 20 years... 

20 to 50 years 

51 years and over 



MALES TO 100 FEMALES 
IN THE INDIAN POPU- 
lATlON: 1910. 



United 
States. 



103.5 



102.8 
105.4 
100.7 



Alaska. 



105.3 



105.8 
105.0 
105.6 



It appears that in the United States in 1910 the 
reported excess of males was greatest in the group 20 
to 50 years of age. In Alaska the proportion of the 
sexes varied little in the different age groups. 

Table 45 shows, for each of the 22 selected states, 
the number of males to 100 females in each age group, 
while similar statistics for each principal stock and 
tribe in the United States and Alaska are presented 
in Table 46 (p. 65). The excess of males or females 
in each age group is also shown graphically, by states, 
in the maps on this page. 



Table 45 


INDIAN population: 1910. 


STATE. 


Under 20 years of 
age. 


20 to 50 years of 
age. 


51 years of age and 
over. 




Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 

to 100 

fe- 
males. 


United States.... 


69,362 


67,442 


102.8 


49,254 


46,713 


105 4 


16,036 


15,927 


100.7 




7,965 
3,702 

465 

700 

614 
1,765 
2,411 

355 
2,525 

902 
1.031 
5,386 
1,318 
2,181 
1,034 
22,107 
1,245 
4,336 

747 
2.547 
2,542 

22S 


7,424 
3,618 

372 

659 

425 
1,659 
2,246 

317 
2,469 

872 
1,023 
5,448 
1,419 
2,135 
1,737 
21,569 
1,182 
4,227 

660 
2,508 
2,551 

339 


107 3 
102.3 
125.0 
106.2 
120.9 
106.4 
107 3 
112.0 
102.3 
103.4 
100.8 
98.9 
92.9 
102.2 
94 1 
102.5 
105 3 
102. 
113.2 
101.6 
99.6 
96.8 


6,351 
3,293 

253 

705 

432 
1.555 
1,615 

235 
2,123 

634 
1,146 
3,911 
1,281 
l,33li 
1,129 
12,525 

912 
3,541 

608 
2,046 
1,928 

325 


5,134 
3,059 

221 

689 

272 
1.321 
1,600 

217 
1,940 

609 
1,1,58 
3,673 
1,172 
1,377 
1,02B 
12,671 

870 
3,4.59 

5.82 
1,977 
1,705 

2S.5 


104.2 
107.6 
114.5 
102.3 
150.8 
117 7 
100.9 
108 3 
109.4 
104.1 

99.0 
10(1. 5 
109.3 

97.0 
110.0 

9.8. S 
104.8 
102.4 
114 8 
103.5 
113.1 
114.0 


1,647 

1,319 
89 
345 
117 
641 
545 
79 
734 
240 
414 

1,109 
462 
443 
455 

2,949 
374 

1,646 
234 
862 
738 
105 


1,519 

1,286 
77 
351 
82 
566 
626 
49 
943 
240 
389 

1,015 
368 
372 
490 

2,797 
497 

1,888 
191 
975 
643 
100 


108.4 




102.6 




(') 




9.8. 3 




(') 




113.3 




87.1 


Mississippi 


(') 




77.8 


Nebraska 


100.0 




106.4 


New Mexico. . 


109.3 




125.5 


North Carolina 


119.1 




92.9 


Oklahoma.. ... 


103. 4 


Oregon 


75.3 


South Dakota 


87.2 


Utah 


122.5 




88.4 




114.8 


Wvominc 


105 






Total tor 22 states.. 
All other states 


66,706 
2,656 


64,859 
2,683 


102.8 
102.8 


46.944 
2,310 


45,017 
1,690 


104.3 
136.2 


15,547 
489 


15,464 
463 


100.5 
105.6 



' Ratio not shown, the number of females being less than 100. 
» Exclusive of Indians in Haskell Institute, who are included in the total for 
"All other states." 




229 Excess of males. E;^ Excess of females. V///A Number Identical. 
I I Less than lOO Indians under 20 years of age In state. 

EXCESS OF MALES OR FEMALES AMONG INDIANS 20 TO 50 
YEARS OF AGE: 1910. 




pga Excess of males. ^^ Excess of females. ffW/A Number IdenticaL 
I 1 Less than 100 Indians 20 to 50 years of age In state. 

EXCESS OF MALES OR FEMALES AMONG INDIANS51 YEARS OF 
AGE AND OVER: 1910 




P^ga Excess of males. E5S3 Excess of females. ^??^ Number Identical. 
I 1 Less than 100 Indians 61 years of age and over In state. 



AGE DISTRIBUTION. 



65 



MALES TO 100 FEMALES IN EACH AGE GROUP, FOR EACH PRINCIPAL STOCK AND TRIBE: 1910. 

IThis table shows each stock and tribe having 200 or more Indians in 1910. Ratio not shown where number of females is less than 100.] 



Table 46 


INDI.^XS REPORTED ON .SPECI.^L SCHEDtn.E: 1910. 


STOCK AND TRIBE. 


INDIANS REPORTED ON SPECUL SCHEDULE: 1910. 


STOCK AN'P TRIBE. 


Under 20 years 
of age. 


20 to 50 years \ 
of age. > 

1 


51 years of age 
and over. 


Under 20 years 
of age. 


] 
20 to 50 years 
of age. ' 


51 years of age 
and over. 




Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 

to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males' 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


M^>«- m^ate. 


Males 
to lUO 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Males' 
Ffr- to 100 
male. ' fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 



TTNITED STATES. 



ALGONQUtAN STOCK.. .. [10,416 lO.Ul 102, 

Arapaho.. 

Cheyemie 

Chippewa i o, 

Cree 

Delaware 

Gros Ventres 

Kickapoo 

Mashpee.. 

Menominee 

Miami 

Ottawa 

Passamaquoddy. . 

Penobscot 

Piegan 

Potawatomi 

Sauk and Fox 

Sh&vraee 

Stockbridges 



Ath.vpaskan stock 

Apache, 
Hupa . . 

Jicarilla Apache 

Mescalero Apache. . 

Navajo 

Rogue River 
Wailaki 



Caddoan stock 



Chimakcuh' stoce. 
Quileute, 




Chds'ookl.vn stock 



Ceo AT AN GBOUP 

Croatan 

.Iroquoian stock 

Cherokee I 9, 

Mohawk, 

Oneida 

Onondaga 

St. Regis 

Seneca 

Tuscarora 

Wyandot 

Karok stock 
Orleans 

Keresan stock. 

Acoma 
Cochiti 
Laguna 
San Felipe 
Santa Ana 



Kiowan stock 
Kiowa, 

KUTEN'AIAN STOCK 

Kutenai 

67090°—!. 



96.9 
133.6 



66 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



MALES TO 100 FEMALES IN EACH AGE GROUP, FOR EACH PRINCIPAL STOCK AND TRIBE: 1910— Continued. 

[This table shows each stock and tribe having 200 or more Indians in 1910. Ratio not shown where number of females is less than 100.) 



Table 46— Contd. 


INDIANS EEPOETED ON SPECIAL SCHEDtJI-E: 1910. 


STOCK AND TRIBE. 


INDLINS EEPOETED ON SPECIAL SCHEDULE: 1910. 


STOCK AND TRIBE. 


Under 20 years 
of age. 


20 to 50 years 
of age. 


51 years of age 
and over. 


Under 20 years 
of age. 


20 to 50 years 
of age. 


51 years of age 
and over. 




Male. 


Males 
Fe- to 100 
male, fe- 

Imales. 

1 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Males 
Fe- to 100 
male, fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Males 
Fe- to 100 
male. 1 fe- 
rnales. 


Male. 


Males 
Fe- to 100 
male, fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to lOO 

fe. 
males. 

















UNITED 


STATES— Continued. 




















SlOlTAK STOCK 


7,729 


7,486 


103.2 


6,153 


5,804 


106.0 


2,619 


3,068 


85.4 


WAKASH AN STOCK 

Makah 


84 


92 




67 


5S 


1 


42 


42 










300 
3SS 
170 

72 

73 

51 
300 
410 

96 
220 

72 
380 
253 
566 
3,235 
182 
211 

76 
1,43S 

64 

92 

<3 

1,099 

417 

419 

262 

667 


245 
359 
137 

65 

81 

43 

281 

385 

73 

242 

70 

364 

215 

542 

3,152 

160 

232 

71 

1,372 

58 

99 

57 

1,103 

413 

480 

299 

722 


122.4 
108.1 
124.1 

:::::: 

106.8 
106.5 

"ib'.i 
'm.4 

117.7 
104.4 
102.6 
113.8 
90.9 

'ib'i'.s 
"gg.'e 

101.0 
86.2 
87.6 

92.4 


239 
349 
83 

44 

49 

35 
195 
247 

64 
162 

32 
274 
248 
500 
2,6.52 
158 
237 

64 
1,117 

32 
102 

57 
885 
353 
363 
239 

745 


220 

327 

81 

42 

18 

32 

192 

220 

62 

154 

35 

244 

168 

429 

2,585 

144 

207 

72 

1,105 

31 

90 

48 

888 

343 

386 

249 

618 


108.6 
106.7 

'ioi.'e 

112.3 
'i65.'2 

"iii's 

147.6 
116.6 
102.6 
109.7 
114.5 

ioi.'i 

"99.'7 
102.9 
94.0 
96.0 

120.6 


104 

165 

34 

11 

9 

20 

70 

52 

19 

50 

11 

128 

51 

211 

1,205 

75 

77 

46 

460 

14 

49 

39 

445 

133 

203 

137 

1 222 


145 

209 

36 

9 

6 

27 

64 

54 

15 

47 

11 

148 

60 

262 

1,435 

87 

108 

67 

546 

23 

53 

19 

532 

138 

225 

168 

163 


71.7 
78.9 

"86.5 

so'.h 

84.0 

"n.'s 

""84.'2 

'83.'6 
96.4 
90.2 
81.5 

136.2 


81 
156 


88 
155 


100.6 


61 

189 


49 
193 


97.9 


41 
64 


37 
53 






WASBOAN STOCK 

Washo 








Iowa 






156 
165 


155 
146 


100.0 
113.0 


189 
140 


193 
132 


97.9 
106.1 


54 

77 


3.- 
49 






WlNTtrN STOCK 








Oto 






Wtntun 


95 
118 


86 
115 


102.6 


76 
122 


74 
108 


113.0 


40 
39 


27 
30 




Santee Sioux 






Sisseton Sioux 




Teton Sioux 


Yokuts 




Brule Sioux 


74 
990 


54 
895 


110.6 


71 
857 


59 
744 


113.2 


27 
406 


17 

327 




Hunkpapa Sioux. 
M inn iconjou Sioux 
Oglala Sioux 


YlTMAN STOCK 


124.2 




Cocopa 






55 
193 

91 
242 
139 

73 
156 

150 


49 
184 

98 
192 
115 

60 
161 

147 


ioi.'g 
"liKb 

120.9 
"96."9 

102.0 


52 
150 

70 
212 

75 

43 
196 

113 


53 
111 

60 
ISO 

84 

49 
166 

140 


"i35.'i 

'in.' 8 

'iis.'i 

80.7 


17 
64 
34 
96 
56 
30 
82 

63 


12 
51 
26 
94 
31 
23 
72 

53 










Winnehago 






Mohave 












Yavapai 




















Isleta 


18.5 
108 
90 
51 
128 

78 


189 
103 
89 
86 
133 

72 


97.9 
1M.9 

"96^2 


246 
136 
89 
69 
101 

54 


207 
89 
77 
46 
87 

57 


118.8 


66 
37 
25 
14 
43 

27 


63 
26 
16 
11 
24 

40 












Weitspec 






15C 
36S 


147 
377 


102.0 

97.6 


113 

370 


140 
313 


80.7 
117.5 


63 
127 


S3 
101 












125.7 










69 


70 


44 


52 




25 


37 




368 


377 


97.6 


370 


313 


117.5 


127 


101 


125.7 









ALASKA. 



i 

ATHAPASKAN STOCK 


902 


893 


101.0 


948 


884 


107.2 


139 


130 


122.3 


ESKIMAUAN STOCK— 

Continued. 
Yuit. 


61 
875 

143 


55 
857 

130 


'i62."i 

110.0 


71 
861 

106 


63 
745 

95 


'iis.'e 


17 
155 

29 


25 
135 

23 






66 
178 
83 
97 

3,505 


59 
158 
80 
89 

3,133 


"ii2.'7 
111.8 


75 
169 
86 
98 

3,176 


66 
138 

78 
97 

3,019 


"i22."5 
105.2 


20 
33 
19 

21 

537 


11 
21 
13 
13 

547 


101.8 




Knaiakhotana 

Kutchin 

Tenankiitchin 


Southern Eskimo. . . 


114.8 




Haida 

TLINGIT STOCK.. 




ESKIMAUAN STOCK 


143 
995 


130 
1,0(M 


110.0 
99.1 


106 
949 


95 
934 


101.6 


29 

278 


23 


Aleut.... 


404 

100 

172 

66 

156 

141 

135 

344 

85 

149 

56 

69 

54 

60 

131 


353 

69 

180 

55 

118 

114 

82 

337 

103 

136 

50 

54 

43 

67 

101 


114.4 
"92." 5 
'i32.'2 

m.7 
'ioi'i 

82.5 
109.6 

'129.' 7 


288 
66 

173 
48 

148 

141 
67 

348 
79 

118 
83 
80 
79 
83 
74 


2S7 
65 

194 
51 

12(1 

. 125 

67 

342 
80 

110 
60 
75 
65 
70 

102 


100.3 

"89.' 2 

'i23.'3 
112.8 

"gs.'s 
'ioi.'s 

'"72."5 


61 
14 
29 

6 
26 
19 
10 
55 
12 
21 
16 
12 

7 
15 
16 


50 
12 
28 
12 
26 
21 
9 
51 
17 
19 
11 
11 
10 
23 
17 





263' 105 7 




Auk 




Ikograiut 


47 
140 

50 
141 
131 

80 
131 

70 

187 
187 


55 
144 

52 
136 
123 

73 
144 

78 

178 
178 


"97.'2 

"m.i 

106.5 

"gi.'o 

105.1 
105.1 


82 
167 

49 
125 
101 

52 
115 

65 

143 

143 


61 
151 

39 
143 
109 

65 
117 

77 

119 
119 


'iio.'o 

"S7.'4 
92.7 

"98.3 

120.2 
120.2 


14 
43 
15 
36 
36 
31 
49 
8 

54 


3 




ChUkat 






Uenya... 


9 










36 
21 
51 
9 

48 






Kake 




Magemiut 


Sitka .. 






Yakutat 




Nunivagmiut 

Sc'lawigmiut 

Tikeramiut 


TSIMSHIAN STOCK 

TsimshiflP 




Unalismiut 


34 


4S 











Table 47 shows, for the United States, the sex dis- 
tribution, by age periods, for Indians of full blood, 
of mixed blood, of full-tribal blood, and of mixed- 
tribal blood. 



Table 47 


MALES TO 


100 females in the indian 
population: 1910. 


AOE PEEIOD. 


Full 
blood. 


Mixed 
blood. 


Full- 
tribal 
blood. 


Mixed - 
tribal 
blood. 


All ages 


101.7 


106.4 


101.2 


109.3 




103.9 
101.8 
95.9 


102.3 
111.5 
124.5 


104.0 
100.7 
95.4 


102.9 




124.5 




108.3 







The sex distribution of Indians m the youngest age 
group was substantially the same in all classes. In 
the intennediate ago group, however, a decided dif- 
ference appears, the proportion of males being much 
greater among Indians of mixed-tribal blood and 
among Indians of mixed blood than among those of 
full blood or of full-tribal blood. In the oldest age 
group among Indians of fuU blood and of fuU-tribal 
blood the females were actually in excess, while among 
those of mbced tribal and of mixed blood the males 
predominated. A partial explanation of these con- 
ditions lies in the fact that the male full-bloods have 



AGE DISTRIBUTION. 



67 



been more frequently exposed to the dangers of war 
than the niLxed-bloods, and that this was more fre- 
quently the case in the period when the Indians who 
are now in the older age group were young than during 
the lifetime of those in the other age groups. Errors 
in classification of Indian women have probably also 
affected the statistics. 



Table 48 shows, for each of the 22 selected states, 
the number of males to 100 females in each age 
group among the Indians of fuU blood and of mixed 
blood, respectively, while similar statistics, for each 
stock and tribe in the United States and Alaska hav- 
ing 200 or more Indians in 1910, are presented in 
Table 49. 



Table 48 


UNDER 20 YEARS 
OF AGE. 


20 TO 50 TEARS 
OF AGE. 


51 YEARS OF AGE 
AND OVER. 


STATE. 


DNDEB 20 YEARS 
OF AGE. 


20 TO 50 YEARS 
OF AGE. 


51 YEARS OF AGE 
AND OVER. 


STATE. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 

to 
100 fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 

to 
100 fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 

to 
100 fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 

to 
100 fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 

100 fe- 
[nales. 


Male. 


Males 
Fe- to 
male. 100 fe- 
males. 




INDIANS OF FULL BLOOD. 


INDIANS OF MIXED BLOOD. 


United States.... 


34,200 


32,929 


103.9 


29,415 


28,889 


101.8 


11,757 


12,262 


95.9 


United States 


29,612 


28,941 


102.3 


15,296 


13,713 


111.5 


3,176 


2,550 


124.5 




7,401 
2,042 
181 
524 
108 
698 
879 


6,939 
1,965 
170 
497 
81 
640 
759 
570 


106.7 
103.9 
106.5 
105.4 

(') 

109.1 
115.8 
113.3 

96.0 
105.4 
105.3 

99.0 

93.3 
112.4 
102.0 
104.1 
105.9 
102.4 
117.0 
104.0 

96.1 
104.2 


4,896 

2,069 
126 
570 
155 
749 
702 
203 

1,274 
440 
941 

3,829 
583 
269 
469 

5,432 
540 

2,481 
612 

1,207 

1,017 
261 


4,738 

2,080 
128 
584 
69 
675 
753 
191 

1,234 
441 
996 

3,592 
557 
272 
432 

5,637 
562 

2,500 
553 

1,325 
971 
237 


103.3 
99.5 
98.4 
97.6 
(') 

111.0 
93.2 

106.3 

103.2 
99.8 
94.5 

100.6 

104.7 
98.9 

108.6 
96.4 
96.1 
99.0 

110.7 
91.1 

104.7 

110.1 


1,546 

1,135 
62 
319 
60 
386 
328 
68 
587 
204 
389 

1,087 
240 
110 
260 

1,597 
303 

1,434 

223 

733 

486 

92 


1,433 

1,131 

50 

336 

36 

371 

435 

39 

804 

209 

363 

991 

200 

103 

327 

1,601 
441 

1,715 
186 
835 
471 
90 


107.9 
100.4 

(') 

94.9 

(1) 
104.0 

75.4 

73.0 

97.6 

107.2 

109.7 

120.0 

106.8 

79.5 

99.8 

68.7 

83.6 

119.9 

87.8 

103.2 

(') 


108 

1,343 

23 

158 

281 

880 

1,467 

26 

1,230 

314 

159 

63 

509 

1,6(15 

1,022 

14,875 

587 

1,637 

23 

934 

1,287 

77 


115 

1,298 

14 

150 

227 

837 

1,415 

29 

1,146 

315 

182 

57 

510 

1,660 

1,149 

14,510 

538 

1,604 

38 

941 

1,244 

94 


146.1 
103.6 

C) 

105.3 
123.8 
105. 1 
103.7 

(') 
107.3 

99.7 

87.4 

(■) 

98.6 
100.3 

88.9 
102.5 
109.1 
102.1 

(') 

99.3 
103.5 

(') 


67 
824 
2 
105 
187 
639 
847 

14 
713 
143 

92 

26 
404 
981 
569 
6,388 
261 
984 

26 
561 
782 

57 


47 

619 

5 

82 
130 
509 
780 

12 
604 
122 

72 
. 21 
354 
1,011 
517 
6,184 
214 
856 

10 
419 
636 

40 


iSi 

143.8 
125.5 
108.6 

(•) 

118.0 
117.2 

(•) 

(>) 
114.1 

97.0 
110.1 
103.3 
122.0 
115.0 

(') 

133.9 
123.0 

(■) 


11 

82 

4 

11 

37 

205 

198 

5 

105 

24 

1 

5 

136 

298 

166 

1,232 

39 

168 

2 

87 

22- 

1 


5 

41 

2 

6 

26 

146 

176 

4 

93 

21 

2 

3 

106 

238 

134 

1,043 

26 

148 

2 

60 

149 

7 


fi) 




California 


(1) 






Idaho 


Idaho 


n 








Michigan 


140.4 


Minnesota 


Minnesota 


112.5 




1 1271 1 174 


Montana 


(') 




511 
812 

5,253 
608 
336 
506 

5,866 
540 

2,573 
701 

1,332 

1,115 
250 


485 
771 

5,308 
652 
299 
496 

5,635 
510 

2,512 
599 

1,281 

1,160 
240 




(') 




Nevada 


(') 






0) 




New York 


129.5 


North Carolina 

North Dakota 


North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Oklahoma 


125.2 
123.9 




118.1 




Oregon 


(') 




South Dakota 


114.2 


Utah 


Utah 


i;i 








Wisconsin 


152.3 


Wyoming 


Wyoming 


(') 


Total for 22 states . . 
All other states 


33,669 
531 


32,443 
486 


103.8 
109.3 


28,825 
590 


28,533 
356 


101.0 
165.7 


11,649 
108 


12,167 
95 


95.7 


Total for 22 states.. 
All other states 


28,728 
884 


28,079 
862 


102.3 
102.6 


14,672 
623 


13,244 
469 


110.8 
132.8 


3,05: 

12: 


2,437 
113 


125.3 
108.8 



' Ratio not shown, the number of females being less than 100. 



= Exclusive of Indians in Haskell Institute, who are included in the total for "All other states.' 



MALES TO 100 FEMALES IN EACH AGE GROUP AMONG INDIANS OF FULL BLOOD AND OF MIXED BLOOD, FOR 

EACH PRINCIPAL STOCK AND TRIBE: 1910. 

(This table shows each stock and tribe having 200 or more Indians in 1910. Ratio not shown where number of females is less than 100.] 



Table 49 


INDIANS OF FULL BLOOD: 1910. 


INDIANS OF MIXED BLOOD: 1910. 


STOCK AND TRIBE. 


Under 20 years of 
age. 


20 to 50 years of 
age. 


51 years of age and 
over. 


Under 20 years of 
age. 


20 to 50 years of 51 years of age and 
age. over. 




Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 



UNITED STATES. 



Algonqcian stock 


3,796 


3,590 


105.7 


3,749 


3,635 


103.1 


1,689 


1,889 


89.4 


6,551 


6,496 


100.8 


4,030 


3,400 


118.5 


1,016 


805 


126.2 




271 

519 

1,483 

4 

50 

74 

46 

1 

137 

12 

369 

55 

3 

257 

228 

133 

102 

23 

8,027 


266 
492 
1,323 
4 
56 
79 
43 


101.9 
105.5 
112.1 


291 
548 
1,329 
11 
60 
94 
60 


276 
554 
1,370 
12 
61 
71 
48 


105.4 
98.9 
97.0 


98 

241 

664 

3 

17 

30 

20 


97 

302 

789 

6 

34 

41 

19 


"'79.8' 
84.2 


36 

101 

3,785 

113 

221 

34 

45 

43 

239 

48 

296 

14 

48 

333 

497 

50 

2:J5 

103 

374 


37 

86 
3,830 

134 

200 
44 
25 
43 

225 
46 

275 
20 
43 

316 

409 
60 

283 
81 

324 


"'gs.'s' 

84.3 
110.5 

"i66.'2' 

ibi'.h' 

'ios.' 4" 
121.5 

"83.'6' 
115.4 


21 
56 
2,350 
73 
88 
25 
18 
52 

115 
31 

171 
25 
29 

200 

283 
29 

125 
69 

178 


14 
63 
2,025 
61 
90 
15 
13 
37 
86 
22 

161 
20 
36 

172 

191 
21 

117 
50 

144 


L 








iie.'o' 


7 

640 

19 

17 


6 

498 

17 

17 

1 

2 
15 
14 

9 
35 

4 

10 
17 
45 

4 
21 
13 

9 






128.5 


Cree 














'i66.'2' 

lie's' 

148.2 

ioe.'s' 

123.6 


4 
15 

37 
10 
57 

8 
14 
15 
52 

7 

18 
24 

16 










139 

14 

325 

63 

9 

279 

200 

118 

121 

36 

7,693 


98.6 

"iis.s 
"92.' i" 

114.0 

112.7 

84.3 
104.3 


iso 

12 
353 

70 

29 
229 
207 
120 
104 

33 

4,753 


ios 

7 
328 
58 
12 
246 
150 
109 
132 
51 

4,848 


138.9 

"iw.'e" 

"93.1" 

138.0 

110.1 

78.8 



98.0 


86 
8 
180 
25 
17 
87 
97 
35 
40 
16 

1,387 


84 
6 

161 
24 
15 

115 
73 
30 
36 
25 

1,470 




111.8 

"75.'7" 
... 

94.4 




















Piegan 
















Stockbridges 




-\THAPASKAX STOCK 








Apache 


975 
58 
167 
92 
6,624 
43 
4 


892 
60 
162 
92 
6,367 
37 
7 


109.3 

ios.'i' 

164.0' 


690 
52 

132 

66 

3,686 

33 

13 


693 
74 

129 
75 
3,747 
32 
18 


99.6 

ibi'.i' 

"is.i 


249 
49 
56 
27 

908 
37 
17 


295 
52 
48 
59 

896 
40 
23 


84.4 


53 
94 


37 

85 




19 
54 


14 
51 




3 

5 


1 1 .. 




5':;:::': 








ioi.'s' 



44 
64 
46 


8 
29 
45 
53 




2 
19 
26 
25 






1 

1 
3 






Navajo 


6 
22 
20 














Wailaki 


1 





68 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



MALES TO 100 FEMALES IN EACH AGE GROUP AMONG INDIANS OF FULL BLOOD AND OF MIXED BLOOD, FOR 

EACH PRINCIPAL STOCK AND TRIBE: 1910— Continued. 

[This table shows each stock and tribe having 200^)^ more Indians in 1910. Ratio not shown where number of females is less than 100.] 



Table 49— Continued. 


INDUN3 OF FULL BLOOD: 1910. 


INDIANS OF MIXED BLOOD: 1910. 


STOCK AND TEIBE. 


Under 20 years of 
age. 


20 to 50 years of 
age. 


51 years of age and 
over. 


Under 20 years of 
age. 


20 to 50 years of 
age. 


51 years of age and 
over. 




Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
tolOO 

fe- 
males. 



UNITED STATES— Continued. 





355 


411 

103 

88 
127 
92 

51 


86.4 

77.7 

"89.'6' 


299 

62 
65 
113 
55 

51 


311 j 


96.1 


100 


93 


1 


94 


91 




40 


33 




7 


10 






! 










80 
89 
113 
70 

65 


68 1 
63 
125 
52 

61 


"go.'i' 


28 
18 
32 
21 

25 


30 
13 

30 

18 

31 




24 

39 

27 

4 

11 


21 
40 
24 
5 

5 




10 
17 
12 


8 
16 

8 

1 

1 




4 

1 
2 


5 
1 
4 




Caddo 
















1 






2 














52 
90 


f3 

73 

7 
32 
30 

130 




42 
84 


50 
102 


82.4 


23 
47 


28 
59 




11 

127 


5 
122 






1 
61 






2 
15 




ChINOOKAN STOCK 


104.1 


36 




23 










9 

29 
46 

127 


97.7 


10 
29 
40 

72 


11 

29 

00 

88 




5 

17 

20 


10 
23 
20 

17 




67 
31 

12 

1,505 


83 
15 
15 

1,511 


99.6 


52 
16 

15 

892 


36 
10 
10 

960 


92.9 


15 
5 
3 

276 


7 
5 
2 

226 




Wasco 




Wish ram 




Croatan group 


122.1 




127 
2,739 


130 
2,652 


97.7 
103.3 


72 
2,517 


88 
2,358 


106.7 


20 
875 


17 

779 


112.3 


1,505 
8,844 


1,511 
8,504 


99.6 
104.0 


892 
4,139 


960 
3,926 


92.9 
105.4 


276 
917 


226 
789 


122.1 


IROQUOIAN STOCK 


116.2 




1,607 

14 

482 

56 

25 

465 

69 

9 

61 


1,468 

11 

4S8 

82 

58 

449 

63 

8 

60 


109.5 

"ioi'e' 


1,475 

13 

448 

69 

19 

403 

67 

4 

65 


1,414 

19 

381 

61 

20 

388 

54 

7 

82 


104.3 
117.6 

"ios.'g" 


472 

4 

170 

16 

4 

166 

28 

5 

39 


460 

2 

127 

14 

7 

142 

24 

1 

56 


102.6 

m.'g' 
"ii6."9' 


8,048 
69 

107 
26 

299 

157 
21 

109 

133 


7,762 
60 
90 
14 
282 
159 
27 
82 

125 


103.7 

'ioe.'o' 

98.7' 
106.4 


3,617 
55 
52 
11 
223 
104 
21 
47 

84 


3,469 
78 
55 
5 
165 
96 
5 
48 

60 


104.3 
"i35.'2' 


746 
22 
13 

3 
73 
29 

5 
23 

5 


667- 

19 

16 

4 

43 

26 

4 

9 

4 


111.8 














St Regis 
















Karok stock 






61 
979 


60 
923 


106.1 


65 
862 


82 
741 


116.3 


39 
264 


56 
206 


128.2 


133 

12 


125 
14 


106.4 


84 
2 


60 
3 




5 

1 


4 

1 




ICeresan stock 




, 


155 
54 

362 

104 
45 

217 

1S9 


152 
49 

355 

109 
41 

198 

215 


108.6 

ioio" 

95.4 

me' 

87.9 


132 
63 

282 

131 
58 

176 

128 


141 

46 

246 

75 
42 
168 

170 


93.6 

iii.'e 

ioi.'s" 

75.3 


48 
14 
94 
36 
22 
41 

54 


48 
11 
88 
33 
3 
17 

60 




2 


3 


























10 


11 


2 


3 






1 








1 




























■ ■■ ■ 1 










Kiowan stock 




116 


109 


106.4 


38 


22 




5 


4 




189 
44 


215 
39 


87. 9 


128 
59 


170 
64 


75.3 


54 
27 


60 
22 




116 

88 


109 
75 


106.4 


38 
60 


22 
41 




5 

8 


4 
11 




KUTENAIAN STOCK 






44 

109 


39 

121 


90.1 


59 
114 


64 

122 


93.4 


27 

73 


22 
116 


62.9 


88 
108 


75 

104 


103.8 


60 

58 


41 

45 




8 
3 


11 

1 




Lutuamiax stock 




Klamath 


78 
31 

87 


78 
43 

94 


75 
39 

104 


88 
34 

102 


102.0 


55 
18 

78 


83 
33 

75 


....... 


77 
31 

169 


79 
25 

169 


100.0 


44 
14 

115 


32 
13 

78 




3 


1 









Maidu stock 




6 


4 




Maidu 


87 
51 


94 
48 




104 

74 


102 
67 


102. 


78 
37 


75 

65 




169 
100 


169 
114 


100.0 
87.7 


115 
68 


78 
59' 




6 

7 


4 
4 




MlWOK STOCK 




Miwok 

MUSKHOGEAN STOCK 


51 
3,215 


46 
3,143 


102.3 


72 
2,923 


66 

2,988 


97.8 


35 
680 


64 
599 


113.5 


95 
5,300 


107 
5,224 


88.8 
101.5 


62 
2,070 


58 
2,077 


99.7 


5 
368 


4 
267 


137.8 




72 
238 
1,781 
789 
313 

' 2, 198 


82 
266 
1,588 
833 
341 

2,070 


"sg.'s" 

112.2 
94.7 
91.8 

106.2 


55 

238 

1,517 

825 

266 

1,574 


56 

280 

1,487 

899 

248 

1,461 


■'.85.' 6' 
102.0 
91.8 
107.3 

107.7 


11 
35 

380 
192 
61 

535 


12 
64 

297 
169 
57 

480 


127.9' 
113.6 

111.5 


2 

1,115 

3,029 

1,028 

126 

63 


3 

1.104 

3,016 

1,00:1 

96 

41 










1 
47 
197 
108 
15 

6 






Chickasaw 


101.0 
100. 4 
102. 5 


384 

1,136 

471 

79 

32 


3S3 

1,1S5 

444 

65 

22 


100.3 
95.9 
106.1 


40 
146 

73 
8 

3 


"isi.'g 


Creek 

Seminole 

PiMAN STOCK 





Papago 


1.005 

1,072 

112 

174 


931 

1,025 

99 

168 


107.9 
104.6 

103.6 


690 
772 
106 

169 


698 
678 
77 

171 


98. 9 
113.9 

98. 8 


202 
314 

IS 

114 


167 

300 

12 

109 


121.0 
104.7 

104.6 


20 
12 
29 

58 


20 
1 

20 

70 




6 
2 

21 

44 


7 
4 

11 

32 




1 


1 




Yaqui 

POMO STOCK 




5 
10 


2 
6 




Porno 


114 


118 


96.6 


110 


110 


100.0 


1 79 


74 




37 


32 




' 22 


17 




6 


3 





AGE DISTRIBUTION. 



69 



MALES TO 100 FEMALES IN EACH AGE GROUP AMONG INDIANS OF FULL BLOOD AND OF MIXED BLOOD, FOR 

BACH PRINCIPAL STOCK AND TRIBE: 1910— Continued. 

[This tabic shows each si otk and tribe having 200 or more Indians in 1910. Ratio not shown where number ot temalcs is less than lOfl.] 



Table 49— Continued. 


INDIANS OF FULL BLOOD; 1910. 


INDIANS OF MIXF.D BLOOD: 1910. 




Under 20 years of 
age. 


20 to 50 years of 
age. 


51 years of age and 
over. 


Under 20 years of 
age. 


20 to 50 years of 
age. 


51 years of age and 
over. 




Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 



UlflTED STATES— Continued. 





1,003 


954 


105.1 


897 


1 
928 


96.7 


579 


613 


94.5 


901 


847 


106.4 


511 


369 


138.5 


69 


41 










44 
59 
54 
49 
67 
41 
63 
46 
25 
35 
46 
30 
112 
56 
36 
67 

580 


44 

55 
52 
48 
57 
38 
50 
56 
26 
38 
40 
28 
lOO 
72 
30 
54 

579 


'iii'o' 

100.2 


41 
50 
40 
64 
62 
42 
74 
26 
23 
38 
37 
39 
72 
62 
33 
48 

618 


22 
53 
39 
59 
72 
41 
68 
36 
24 
34 
44 
38 
81 
89 
32 
47 

737 


83.9 


29 
16 
28 
35 
41 
18 
47 
22 
8 
14 
28 
17 
48 
66 
22 
27 

349 


21 
16 
20 
30 
45 
.26 
59 
14 
14 
19 
24 
25 
53 
59 
23 
36 

462 


75.5 


24 

67 
13 
30 
142 
79 
67 
69 
37 
36 
25 
10 
57 
67 
48 
24 

283 


33 
41 
8 
34 
115 
99 
60 
54 
33 
38 
18 
13 
61 
72 
47 
14 

323 


i23.'6' 

87.6 


9 

29 

9 

12 
90 
52 
32 
21 
28 
18 
15 
5 
49 
39 
21 
11 

184 


13 
18 

4 

10 
67 
37 
34 

8 
23 
19 

9 

6 
19 
42 
11 

4 

145 




2 






























1 

15 
4 
7 








8 
9 
2 
1 
6 




Flathead 













Okina^an j 


126.9 


8 
7 
2 
3 
2 
9 
2 
1 

40 












2 
2 
4 






















Sh-^il^ptian stock 


20 






61 
162 
21 
28 
98 
191 

220 


56 
157 

40 

8 

113 

180 

259 


163.2' 
"se.T 

106.1 
84.9 


59 
176 
44 
25 
94 
190 

213 


74 
188 
50 
25 
109 
253 

225 


"gi'e' 

"86.'2' 
75.1 

94.7 


35 

121 

22 

13 

58 
88 

112 


49 
139 
39 
27 
66 
125 

109 


"87.'i' 

"76.'4' 
102.8 


16 
82 
13 

80 
4 

87 

120 


20 
87 
16 
88 
3 
107 

146 


"si's' 

82.2 


14 
53 
10 
45 

1 
59 

72 


12 
38 

6 
40 

4 
46 

64 




1 
10 

4 
13 


1 
4 
4 
6 








TTmatilla 












Yakima 




12 
6 


6 
3 




Shastan stock 






47 

160 

13 

3,097 

56 
54 
153 
514 
164 
235 
153 
486 
69 
670 
499 

4,468 


36 

209 

14 

2,872 


"me" 

107.8 


43 
156 

14 

3,136 


36 
170 
19 

3,043 


"gi.'s' 

103.1 


29 
73 
10 

1,236 


27 
51 
31 

1,219 


101.4 


6 

44 
70 

609 


6 
49 
91 

632 


96.4 


3 

24 
45 

336 


5 
23 
36 

274 












122.6 


1 

5 

40 


1 
2 

25 














45 
61 
128 
4S9 
130 
259 
131 
485 
70 
599 
426 

4,3J8 


iig.'s" 

105. 1 
126.2 
90.7 
116.8 
100.2 

iii.'g" 

117.1 
103.5 


73 
67 
151 
449 
163 
241 
137 
562 
75 
718 
451 

4,356 


66 
63 
1C>.5 
376 
108 
284 
128 
634 
68 
704 
396 

4,253 


■gi.'s' 

119.4 
150.9 

84.9 
107.0 

88.6 

'ioi'o' 

113.9 
102.4 


40 
35 
52 
95 
71 
85 
61 
245 
33 
309 
185 

2,301 


43 
35 
75 
81 
65 
99 
56 
244 
34 
321 
140 

2.774 


'ioo.'i' 
"m.z 

132.1 
82.9 


23 
10 

134 
2 
11 
83 
19 
77 
38 

161 
33 

3,149 


25 

14 

122 


'iog.'s' 


20 
10 
61 


17 

5 

58 

1 

9 

31 

8 

36 

16 

71 

11 

1,466 




2 

1 
18 


3 










U 










22 
72 
28 
78 
39 
165 
44 

3,072 


"gi.'s' 
102.6 


10 
31 
17 
33 
19 
106 
20 

1,709 












117.4 


1 
3 
2 
3 
7 
1 

268 


1 
2 
2 


















5 








SlOUAN STOCK 


235 


114.0 




132 

209 

128 

12 

19 

30 

222 

140 

59 

91 

17 

158 

96 

289 

2,121 

116 

177 

64 

876 

7 

57 

24 

800 

332 

211 

201 

629 


118 

200 

88 

9 

12 

31 

214 

128 

40 

98 

20 

145 

87 

271 

2,055 

103 

189 

60 

804 

11 

54 

22 

812 

3.39 

242 

221 

685 


111.9 
104.5 

"m.Y 

109.4 

mo' 
'ioe.'e' 

103 2 

112.6 
93.7 

"VB.O 

"gs's 

97.9 

87.2 
91.0 

91.8 


163 

270 

67 

14 

20 

30 

162 

132 

39 

93 

8 

133 

140 

329 

2,008 

113 

219 

59 

789 

11 

64 

29 

724 

300 

238 

203 

722 


147 

242 

64 

14 

8 

27 

162 

121 

45 

96 

13 

145 

91 

315 

1,979 

109 

191 

60 

782 

11 

66 

27 

733 

299 

260 

222 

598 


110.9 
111.6 

'ioo.'o' 

109.1 

"n.Y 

"m.i 
101.5 

103.7 
114.7 

'ioo.'g' 

"98.' s' 
100.3 

91.5 
91.4 

120.7 


98 

136 

32 

5 

5 

19 

64 

35 

13 

40 

1 

94 

35 

182 

1,101 

71 

75 

43 

428 

9 

44 

26 

405 

122 

184 

132 

212 


135 

183 

35 

5 

5 

27 

58 

35 

14 

43 

4 

123 

44 

241 

1,318 

81 

103 

66 

485 

15 

48 

15 

505 

128 

209 

163 

156 


72.6 
74.3 

"76.'4' 

"ii'.b 

83.5 
"72^8' 
"k&.i 

"m"2 

95.3 
88.0 
81.0 

135.9 


167 

144 
42 
60 
54 
21 
67 

270 
37 

127 
44 

222 

148 

276 

1,086 

66 

34 

8 

541 
57 
33 
49 

298 
85 

204 
61 

34 


124 

130 
49 
56 
69 
12 
47 

256 
33 

142 
44 

219 

124 

269 

1,075 

57 

40 

9 

555 
47 
43 
35 

289 
74 

237 
78 

31 


134.7 
110.8 

"m.b 

"89.' 4' 

ioi.'i' 

119.4 
102.6 
101.0 

"97.'5" 

ios.'i' 

"86." i 


73 

54 

16 

30 

29 

S 

21 

115 

25 

68 

16 

141 

106 

169 

614 

45 

14 

4 

310 

20 

36 

28 

157 

63 

120 

36 

15 


72 
67 
17 
28 
10 
5 
15 
97 
17 
57 
10 
99 
72 

113 

581 

35 

15 

8 

310 
19 
21 
20 

163 
44 

121 
27 

15 


iw'e' 

105.7 

'ioo.'o' 
'ioi'e' 

"99.'2 


4 
4 
2 
6 
4 
1 
2 
17 
6 
10 
3 
34 
15 
29 
94 
4 
2 
3 
27 
4 
5 
11 
38 
11 
19 
4 

3 


7 
7 

1 
4 

1 








Hidatsa 








Kansa 








Omaha . 


2 

19 

1 

4 

1 

25 

12 

20 

98 

6 

4 

1 

49 

6 

6 

3 

26 

10 

15 

3 

3 








Oto 


























Teton Sioux 




















Sans Arc Sioux 








Two Kettle Sioux 




















Tano.an stock 




Isleta 


172 

108 

89 

48 

125 


174 
103 
86 
82 
129 


98.9 
104.9 

' '96.'9 


234 
136 
89 
67 
100 


197 
89 
76 
46 

87 


118.8 


58 
37 
25 
14 
43 


59 
26 
16 
11 
24 




9 


9 




4 


5 




1 
















1 
3 
3 


3 
4 
4 






1 














2 

1 










Taos 


V 











70 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



MALES TO 100 FEMALES IN EACH AGE GROUP AMONG INDIANS OF FULL BLOOD AND OF MIXED BLOOD, FOR 

EACH PRINCIPAL STOCK AND TRIBE: 1910— Continued. 

[This table shows each stock and tribe having 200 or more Indians in 1910. Ratio not shown where number of females is less than 100.] 



Table 49— Continued. 




IKDIANS OF 


FULL blood: 1910. 




IXDLINS OF MI.XED BLOOD: 1910. 


STOCK AND TRIBE. 


Under 20 years of 
age. 


20 to 50 years of 
age. 


51 years of age and 
over. 


Under 20 years of 
age. 


20 to 50 years of 
age. 


51 years of age and 
over. 




Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
to 100 

fe- 
males. 


Male. 


Fe- 
male. 


Males 
tolOO 

fe- 
males. 


UNITED .STATES— Continued. 


W.iHLATPUAN STOCK 


56 


55 




45 


49 




24 


39 




22 


17 


9 


8 




2 


1 






56 
76 


54 
83 




39 

63 


46 
52 




22 
42 


37 
42 




13 

S 


16 
9 




5 
4 


6 
6 




2 






Wakashan stock 








75 
114 


82 
92 




59 
157 


45 
161 


97.5 


41 
64 


37 
52 




6 
42 


6 
63 




2 
32 


4 
32 










Washoan stock 






1 






114 
40 


92 
30 




157 
53 


161 
52 


97.5 


64 
63 


52 
43 




42 
114 


63 
99 




32 

76 


32 






1 
5 




WlNTUN STOCK 


70 




9 








Wintun 


12 
83 


8 
80 




21 

85 


23 
90 




33 
37 


23 
25 




83 
31 


78 
28 




55 
31 


51 
11 




7 
2 


4 
1 




YOKUTS STOCK 








Yokuts 


62 

896 


44 
802 


111.7 


57 
816 


52 
715 


114.1 


26 
399 


14 
322 


123.9 


9 

87 


8 

78 




11 
31 


5 

19 


1 
5 


1 
1 




YUMAN STOCK 
















55 
130 

89 
240 
130 

63 
148 

94 


48 
123 

89 
188 
110 

54 
154 

104 


'm.i' 

118.2 
"96.' i' 

90.4 


52 
122 

67 
210 

75 

36 
195 

89 


52 

98 
63 

178 
82 
41 

166 

125 


iis.o' 
iii.'s' 

71.2 


17 
59 
33 
96 
56 
35 
82 

62 


12 
50 
25 
93 
31 
23 
70 

52 






1 
61 






1 
13 












..'...'.'. 


63 
1 

2 
9 

4 
8 

56 




28 

1 

■ 1 





5 


1 











4 
5 




2 
2 

1 



































7 
43 


1 

24 










YUROK STOCK 


15 




1 


1 




Weitspec 


94 
359 


104 
374 


90.4 
96.0 


89 
368 


125 
314 


71.2 
117.2 


62 
127 


52 
101 


125.7 


56 
9 


43 

3 


24 
2 


15 

1 




1 


1 




ZUNIAN STOCK 




Ziini 


359 


374 


96.0 


368 


314 


117.2 


127 


101 


125.7 


9 


3 


2 


1 




















ALASKA. 


AtHAPASKAN STOCK 


797 


777 


102.6 


921 


861 


107.0 


157 


129 121. 7 


105 


116 90.5 


27 


23 2 


1 ! 


Athena 

Knaiakhotana 

Kutchin 

Tenank-utchin 

KSKIMAUAN STOCK 


64 
165 
80 
87 

3,007 


58 

151 

74 

83 

2,691 


iog.'s' 

111.7 


74 
166 
85 
96 

3,049 


66 
136 
78 
96 

2,890 


122.' i' 

105.5 


20 
33 
19 
21 

543 


11 

21 
13 
13 

540 


100.6 


2 
13 

3 
10 

498 


1 
7 
6 
6 

444 


112.2 


1 
3 
1 
2 

127 












2 


















1 
129 










98.4 


14 


7 




Aleut 


249 
85 
165 
55 
148 
133 
130 
326 
85 
139 
52 
68 
54 
54 
121 
60 
678 

83 


207 
57 
180 
37 
108 
107 
79 
322 
103 
129 
47 
53 
43 
53 
91 
54 
708 

81 


120.3 

■■9i.'7' 

'137.0" 
124.3 

'i6i.'2' 

82.5 
107.8 

"95.' 8' 


221 

66 
172 

48 
148 
141 

66 
342 

-9 

lis 

82 
80 
79 
83 
74 
71 
809 

83 


225 
65 

194 
51 

120 

125 
67 

348 
80 

110 
60 
75 
65 
70 

102 
63 

b,-!6 

72 


98.2 

"ss.Y 

'izj.'s' 
112.8 

"is.i' 

m'.i' 

"n.h' 
'iu'.9 


52 
14 
29 
6 
26 
19 
10 
55 
12 
21 
16 
12 
7 
15 
16 
17 
150 

29 


44 
12 
28 
12 
26 
21 
9 
54 
17 
19 
11 
11 
10 
23 
17 
25 
134 

22 





155 
15 
7 
11 
8 
8 
S 
18 


146 
12 
6 
18 
10 
7 
3 
15 


106.2 


67 


62 




9 


6 










1 1 


























I 
























i 


























1 
















10 
4 

1 


7 
3 
1 




















1 










































'iii.'g 


6 

10 

1 

197 

55 


14 
10 

1 
149 

49 
































Yuit 


"■ ■ 1 ■ 












Southern Eskimo 


132.2 


52 
23 


59 
23 




S 


1 
1 




Haidan stock 






88 
791 


81 
792 


99.9 


83 
879 


72 
896 


98.1 


29 
274 


22 
255 


107.5 


55 
204 


49 
212 


96.2 


23 

70 


23 
38 






1 
8 




TUNQIT STOCK 




4 




Auk 


37 
112 
41 
127 
111 
63 
97 
59 

151 


43 
119 

44 
120 
107 

54 
118 

59 

138 


"94.' i' 

■i6.5."s' 

103.7 
"82.'2' 

109.4 


81 
163 

45 
122 
100 

47 
104 

64 

131 


60 
148 

38 
141 
108 

61 
109 

77 

96 


'iio.'i' 

"m.h' 
92.6 

"95.'4' 


14 
43 
15 
36 
36 
31 
47 
8 

51 


7 
44 

9 
43 
36 
20 
51 

9 

43 




10 
28 
9 
14 
20 
17 
34 
11 

36 


12 
25 
8 
16 
16 
19 
26 
19 

40 





1 

4 
4 
3 
1 

5 
11 

1 

12 


1 
3 
1 
2 
1 
4 
8 






1 
1 




Chilkat 




































Kake 






1 




Sitka 




2 




Yakutat 






TsmsHiAN stock 


23 




3 








151 


138 


109.4 


131 


96 




51 


48 




36 


40 




12 


23 




3 














1 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND MIXTURE OF BLOOD. 



INTRODUCTION. 



Ill the census of 1910 the attempt was made to 
enumerate Indians b}' tribes, and to secure data as 
weU in regard to the tribal affiliations of both parents. 
The rapid changes taking place in the conditions of 
Indian hfe are brealdng dowTi the tribal organization, 
and it was felt that this was perhaps the last oppor- 
tunity to secure information which should be reasona- 
bly rehable upon these points. Unfortunately, the 
data desired were not secured for those Indians who 
were living widely scattered among the general popu- 
lation, and who to the niunber of 18,546 were enu- 
merated only on the general population schedide, no 
special scheduJes being obtained for them. The num- 
bers enimierated of the different tribes are, therefore, 
too small in Tar3'ing degree, as some persons who 
should have been coimted as members of particular 
tribes were instead enumerated simply as "Indians" 
on the general popidation schedule. The extent of 
this understatement varies considerably in different 
states, but the actual error is beheved to be compara- 
tively small in most cases. 

The determination of tribal affiliation in the case of 
Indians of mixed-tribal blood presented something of 
a dilemma, inasmuch as afiihation might be counted 
either by inheritance or by blood. In the former 
case the tribe to which an individual belonged would 
depend on the particidar system of mheritance (that 
is, maternal or paternal) which was followed. If the 
tribe among which he hved followed the former sys- 
tem, he would be affihated with the mother's tribe; if 
the latter, with that of the father. As different tribes 
employ different methods this threatened to involve 
serious confusion. To take an extreme example: 
If the father and mother of an Indian were each re- 
ported as of mixed-tribal blood, to which of the four 
tribes represented in the individual should he be at- 
tributed ? On the other hand, as the primary basis of 
classification of Indians was purity of blood, it would 
be logical to make tribal affihation also dependent 
on actual descent, although this might, in some cases, 
lead to the counting of an individual as a member 
of a tribe other than that to which he claimed to 
belong. After careful consideration and trial it was 
determined that the latter method presented fewer 
difficulties and chances of error, and consequently an 
arbitrary rule was adopted of coimting Indians of 
mixed-tribal blood as members always of the father's 
tribe. The only exceptions to this rule were in cases 
where, owing to complexity of blood in both parents, 
the rule would lead to obviously incorrect results. In 
such cases tribal affihation was held to foUow the domi- 
nant blood, if any; otherwise, that of the father's 
father. In short, actual blood relationship was fol- 



lowed as far as possible in determining the tribe to 
wliich an individual belonged. The differences be- 
tween the numbers obtained for individual tribes by 
the use of this method as opposed to that of customary 
inheritance are not beUeved to be considerable. Close 
observation of several cases showed little change, and 
the certaintj' of this mode of treatment as opposed 
to the uncertainty and confusion which were found to 
arise in following the other method is believed to 
Justify it. 

Table 50 (p. 116) gives in summarized form, for each 
stock and tribe in the United States and Alaska, a 
statement of the number of Indians reported in 1910, 
classified according to purity of blood and sex. A 
detailed distribution according to purity of blood, tri- 
bal mixture, sex, and age is given for each stock and 
tribe in the United States in Table 51 (p. 123), while a 
similar distribution according to purity of blood, sex, 
and acre is given for each stock and tribe in Alaska in 
Table 52 (p. 154). In these tables, as weU as in the fol- 
lowing textual statement as to the habitat of each 
stock and tribe, the various tribes are, for convenience, 
grouped alphabetically by linguistic stocks, the loca- 
tion of which may be seen by reference to the map 
opposite page 9.' Any particular tribe may be readily 
found by reference to the alphabetical list of tribes as 
given in Table 9 (p. 17). 

A separate presentation is given for each stock in the 
United States, both in the textual statement and iu 
Table 51 (p. 123), as follows: 



Algonquian. 


Kutenaian. 


Tsimsliian. 


Athapaskan. 


Lutuamian. 


Tunican. 


Caddoan. 


Maidu. 


Waiilatpuan 


Chimakuan. 


Miwok. 


Wakashan. 


Chimarikan. 


Muskliogean. 


Washoan. 


Chinookan. 


Piman. 


Wintun. 


Chitimachan. 


Porno. 


Wiyat. 


Chumashan. 


Salinan. 


Yakonan. 


Costanoan. 


Salishau . 


Yanan. 


Croatan. 


Shahaptian. 


Yokuts. 


Eskimauan. 


Shastan. 


Yuchean. 


Haidan. 


Shoshonean. 


Yukian. 


Iroquoian. 


Siouan. 


Yuman. 


Kalapooian. 


Takelman. 


Yurok. 


Karok. 


Tanoau. 


Zapotecan. 


Keresan. 


Tarascan. 


Zunian. 


Kiowan. 


Tliiigit. 




Kusan. 


Tonkawan. 





A separate presentation is also made, both in the 
textual statement and in Table 52 (p. 154), for each 
stock in Alaska, namely, Algonquian, Athapaskan, 
Eskimauan, Haidan, Thngit, and Tsimshian. 

' This map was prepared by the Bureau of American Ethnology 
and was originally puVjlished in 1907 in the Handbook of American 
Indians north of Mexico. It has lieen brought up to date and 
reproduced in this report through the courtesy of that bureau. 

(71) 



72 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



ALGONQUIAN STOCK. 

Stoclc as a whole. — This, the largest numerically of 
the stocks in the United States, is also one of the largest 
in point of area covered. With the exception of 
western New York, parts of western New Jersey and 
Pennsylvania, and the northern Alleghenies, the entire 
area of the United States east of the Mississippi and 
north of a line drawn from the mouth of the Ohio to 
the entrance to Ciiesapeake Bay was at the begixming 
of the seventeenth centur}^ occupied by Indians of this 
stock. Farther west, also, there were several tribes — 
the Arapaho, Cheyenne, Gros Ventres, and Piegan — 
who wandered over a considerable area on the plains. 
The stock also extends over a large area in Canada. 
From a large portion of this area the Indians have long 
practically disappeared, but in parts of Michigan, Wis- 
consin, and Mumesota, and to some extent in Maine, 
they still form a considerable element in-the population. 

The Indians of the Algonquian stock in the United 
States, as enumerated in 1910, numbered 40,975. To 
this figure should be added probably about 1,200 for 
Indians of this stock reported without distinction of 
tribe among the general population in Michigan, Min- 
nesota, and Wisconsin, making a jirobable total of 
about 42,000 m all. The tribes of this stock, for which 
members were reported, are as follows: 

Abnaki. Mattapony. Peoria. 

Arapaho. Menominee. Pequot. 

Blackfeet. Miami. Piankashaw. 

Brotherton. Micmac. Piegan. 

Cheyenne. Mohegan. Poosepatuck. 

Chickahominy. Montauk. Potawatomi. 

Cliippewa. Munsee. Powhatan. 

Cree. Narraganset. Sauk and Fox. 

Delaware. Xiantic. Shawnee. 

Gros Ventres. Ottawa. Shinnecock. 

Kickapoo. Pamunkey. Stockbridges. 

Malecite. Passamaquoddy. Wampanoag. 

Mashpee. Penobscot. Wea. 

In addition to the above, four members of the 
Oswego tribe were enumerated, but as the tribal affilia- 
tion of these Indians is uncertam they are included 
among the 1,644 Indians (see Table S, p. 15) for whom 
the stock or tribe was not reported. 

AbnaTci. — A name somewhat uncertain in its applica- 
tion, but now usually applied to a portion of the Maine 
tribes who removetl to Canada m the eighteenth cen- 
tury. It is also sometimes used for the Stockbridges, 
Munsee, etc., m Wisconsin. As a "tribe" they are 
much mixed in origin and those in the United States 
are only scattered immigrants, this being primarily a 
Canadian tribe. The number enumerated in 1910 was 
37 in four states: New York, 24; Maine, 7; Pennsylva- 
nia, 4 ; and Wisconsm, 2. 

Arapaho. — One of the most important of the Algon- 
quian tribes of the plains. Their earliest habitat was 



in Minnesota, whence probably as early as the seven- 
teenth century they moved west to Nebraska, Kansas, 
and Oklahoma. They have for a long period been 
closely associated with the Cheyenne. For the last 30 
or 40 years they have been located on two reserva- 
tions — the Wind River Reservation in Wyoming and, 
together with the Southern Cheyenne, on the Cheyeime 
and Arapaho Reservation in Oklahoma. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 1,419, of which 
703 were in Wj'oming and 685 in Oklahoma. The re- 
ports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs furnish 
figures for this tribe back to 1875, as follows: 



YEAR. 


Number. 


TEAK. 


Number. 


1910 


1,753 
1,768 
1,782 
1,869 


1890 


1,925 


1905 


1885 


2 298 


1900 


1880 


3,045 


1895 ... . 


1875.."... 


3,229 







The considerable difference between the figure re- 
turned by the Commissioner of Indian Atairs (1,753) 
and that obtained by the census (1,419) in 1910 is 
probabl}' due largely to diherences in the method of 
determining tribal affiliation. 

It is evident from the above table that there has been 
a very large decrease in this tribe m the last 30 or 40 
years. If the northern and southern sections of the 
tribe are considered separately the contrast is striking, 
the decrease in the Southern Arapaho m Oklahoma 
being certainly double that of the northern section in 
Wyoming in the last 20 3-ears. The Cheyenne offer 
another example of this same sort. 

Bhchfeet (syn. Siksika). — A name applied both to a 
single tribe (the Siksika) and to a confederacy made up 
of these, together with the Bloods and Piegans. In the 
eighteenth century the Blackfeet proper were in Al- 
berta and the adjacent area in Canada. Later they 
moved southward and for a time occupied portions of 
Montana. The majority of the tribe proper are now 
in Canada with the Bloods, the Piegan remaining 
largely in the United States. Those enumerated here 
as Blackfeet are probably in considerable part Piegan, 
but there being no means of determining this, they are 
given just as returned. The number enumerated in 
1910 was 99, distributed as follows: North Dakota, 
35; Montana, 33; Nebraska and Oklahoma, 12 each; 
and 7 scattering. 

Brotherton. — The name applied to an extremely 
mi.xed group of fragments of numerous Algonquian 
tribes of New England, New York, and New Jersey, 
which, about the end of the eighteenth century, 
united to form a community in Oneida County, N. Y. 
Later the majority moved to the vicinity of Green Bay, 
Wis., where they stiU remain. The number reported 
for Wisconsin was 162, out of a total of 172 enumerated 
in 1910. 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



IS. 



Cheyenne. — One of the most important of the Algon- 
quian tribes of the phxiiis. Their earliest known habi- 
tat was in western Minnesota. From there they 
moved west to the Bh;ck Hills in South Dakota in the 
eighteenth century or earlier, and thence gradually 
farther west and south. About 1835 the tribe divided 
into two portions, the one remaining in Wyoming and 
vicinity, the other moving south to southern Colorado 
and the adjacent portions of Kansas and Oklahoma. 
Since the early eighties the Northern Cheyenne have 
been on the Tongue River Reservation in Montana. 
The Southern Cheyenne have for 40 years or more been 
located on the Arapaho and Cheyenne Reservation in 
Oklahoma. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 3,055, of which 
1,522 were in Oklahoma and 1,346 in Montana. The 
reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affaii's furnish 
comparative figures back to ISSO. In 1S75 the whole 
tribe was estimated at over 4,000. 



YEAR. 


Number. 


YEAR. 


Number. 


1910 


3,255 
3,299 
3,440 
3,379 


1890 


3, 654 


1905 


1SS(> 


3,281 


1900 


ISSO 


3,767 


1895 











Taking the tribe as a whole there has clearly been a 
considerable decrease since ISSO. If we consider the 
two groups separately, however, it appears that 
since 1S96 the decrease in the vSouthern Cheyenne in 
Oklahoma is three times that of the Northern Chey- 
enne in Montana. Similar conditions exist among 
the Arapaho. 

As the Cheyenne offer one of the best examples of 
the differences sometimes existing between two divi- 
sions of the same tribe located in different environ- 
ments, figures for the northern and southern sections 
are given separately in Table 51 (p. 123) 

Ghickahominy. — A tribe once important, whose early 
habitat was on the Chickahominy River in Virginia. 
A remnant of the tribe still resides in the same region, 
the number reported in 1910 being 115. 

Chippewa (syn. Ojibway). — The largest tribe of the 
Algonquian stock. Essentially a woodland tribe, 
their habitat in the middle of the seventeenth century, 
at which time they first came in contact with Europe- 
ans, included both shores of the eastern half of Lake 
Superior and the northern part of the Lower Penin- 
sula of Michigan, and perhaps part of the northern 
shore of Lake Huron. 

During the next century and a half a large propor- 
tion of the tribe moved westward, extending across 
Wisconsin and Minnesota into North Dakota, where 
their westernmost representatives are found to-day. 
A considerable proportion of the Chippewas, however, 
continue to occupy portions of their original territorj^ 
They are at present located mainly on 19 reservations, 
as follows: Isabella, L'Anse, and Ontonagon in Michi- 
gan; Bois Fort, Deer Creek, Fond du Lac, Grand Port- 
age, Leech Lake, Mille Lac, Red Lake, Vermillion 



Lake, White Earth, White Oak Point, and Chippewa 
in Jlinnesota; Turtle Mountain in North Dakota; Lac 
Court Oreille, Lac du Flambeau, La Pointe (Bad 
River), and Red Chff in Wisconsin. They are thus 
apparently among the most widely distributed of all 
the tribes in the United States. 

Tlie number enumerated in 1910 was 20,214, of 
which 8,234 were in Minnesota, 4,299 in Wisconsin, 
3,725 in Michigan, ami 2,966 in North Dakota. No 
satisfactory statistics for the Chippewa in previous 
years can be secured for comparison with the figures 
of the present census, but from the following figures 
given in the reports of the Commissioner of Indian 
Affaii's for certain states it is apparent that they are 
pretty surely increasing: 



Y-EAR. 


Minne- 
sota. 


North 
Dakota. 


Wiscon- 
sin. 


1910 


9,529 
10,245 
10, 207 
8,747 
7,281 


2,684 
2,207 
2, 549 
2,184 
1,314 


4 190 


1905 




1900 




1895 


2 782 


1885 


2,254 





xVs this is one of the largest tribes in the United 
States and shows notable variations in different parts 
of the area occupied, separate figures are given for the 
four main groups in Table 51 (p. 124). 

Cree. — A tribe whose early habitat comprised a 
large area in Canada Ij'ing south and southwest of 
Hudson and James Bays and extending west into the 
plains. They are closely affiliated with the Chippewa. 
As trappers and voyagers of the Hudson Bay Co. they 
became Avidely distributed dming the early part of the 
nineteenth century, some of those now in the United 
States being descendants of these early immigrants 
and others having come in more recently. The num- 
ber eniunerated in 1910 was 459, of which 309 were 
in Montana. Thirtj'-four Indians reported as "Creek" 
in Montana probably belong to this tribe, the enumera- 
tor probably erroneously returning Creek for Cree. 

Delaware. — A group or confederacy of tribes occupy- 
ing in the seventeenth century a large area in Delaware, 
New Jersey, eastern Pennsylvania, and southern New 
York. In the eighteenth century they moved west- 
ward successively to Ohio, Indiana, and Missouri. In 
the early part of the nineteenth century they were in 
Texas and Kansas, whence they removed to Okla- 
homa in 1867 and were incorporated with the Cherokee. 
Other small fragments, such as the Munsee, are now in 
Wisconsin and Kansas. The number enumerated in 
1910 was 914, of which 874 were in Oklahoma. 

Gros Ventres (syn. Atsina). — A tribe which probably 
was formerly a part of the Arapaho. Their habitat at 
the end of the eighteenth century was in northern Mon- 
tana. For about 40 years they have been located at 
the Fort Belknap Reservation, Mont. The name Gros 
Ventres has been applied to two wholly distinct tribes— 
the Atsina (Gros Ventres of the Prairie) and the Hidatsa 
(Gros Ventres of the Missouri) — and thus led to much, 
confusion. 



74 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



The number enumerated in 1910 was 510, of which 
503 were in Montana. Comparative figures which are 
available for this tribe in Montana show that there has 
been a great decrease among the Gros Ventres in the 
last 25 years. Estimated at about 1,500 in 1S66, they 
lost by smallpox in 1870, and by 1SS5 has dwindled to 
852, since which time the figures, taken from the re- 
ports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, are as 
follows : 



YEAR. 


Number. 




YEAR. 


Number. 


1910 


501 
551 
003 


1S95 




1905 


1S90. 


770 


1900 


1SS5 


852 







Kickapoo. — A well-known tribe belonging to the cen- 
tral division of this stock. Their habitat in the early 
seventeenth century was in central Wisconsin. By the 
eighteenth century they had moved farther south into 
Illinois and Indiana, and in the nineteenth century 
went west of the Mississippi to Missouri and Kansas. 
A portion of the tribe later emigrated to Chihuahua, in 
Mexico, whence part returned in 1873 to a reservation 
in Oklahoma which was set apart for them and on 
which they still remain. The other portion of the 
Kickapoo have been located for many j'ears on the 
Kickapoo Reservation in Kansas. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 348, of which 
211 were in Kansas and 135 in Oklahoma. The de- 
crease in the Kickapoo has been great so far as those in 
the United States are concerned. The number of 
those still in Mexico is not known accurately', but is 
presumed to be about 400, wliich would bring the total 
number of the tribe at present up to about 750. Com- 
parative figiu-es from the reports of the Commissioner 
of Indian Affairs are of value as far back as 1875 and 
are as follows for this tribe in Kansas and Oklahoma: 



YEAE. 


Kansas. 


Okla- 
homa. 


YEAR. 


Kansas. 


Okla- 
homa. 


1910 


209 
185 
255 
231 


243 
247 
2(i0 
271 


1890 


237 
235 
234 
380 


195 
340 
380 
426 


1905 


1885... . 


1900 


1880 


1S95 


1875 







Malecite.. — A tribe occupying in the early seventeenth 
century the region in the vicinity of the St. Jolm's 
River, New Brunswick. They are closely aUied to the 
Passamaquodd}'. Of the 142 enumerated in 1910, 138 
were found in Maine. 

Mashpee. — A name applied to the survivors, now 
very largely mixed with white or Negio blood, of 
several small tribes of southeastern Massachusetts and 
vicinity. The number enumerated in 1910 was 206, 
of which 201 were in Massachusetts and 5 m Penn- 
sylvania. 

iMattapomj. — A small tribe formerly living on the 
Mattapony River, Va. They are now much mixed 
with white and Negro blood. But 1 Indian was 
enumerated in 1910 as belonging to this tribe, a woman 
of mixed Mattapony and Pamunkey blood, in Vir- 



ginia. It is probable that a few other survivors are 
scatteied among the general population. 

Menominee. — A tribe whose habitat in the seven- 
teenth century was in the vicinity of the ^Menominee 
River, in northern Michigan and Wisconsin. Since 
the middle of the nmeteenth century they have been 
located on the Menominee Reservation, Wis., in which 
state 1,350 were enumerated out of a total in 1910 of 
1,422. 

Comparative figures for this tribe in Wisconsin since 
1860 can be given from the reports of the Commis- 
sioner of Indian Affairs, from which the present popu- 
lation of the ilenominee would seem to be about equal 
to that 30 yeai-s ago, although the figures are' very 
variable, rising and fallmg often 100 to 200 from year 
to year. The figures are as follows: 



YE.\R. 


Number. 


YEAE. 


Number. 


1910 


1,509 
1,370 
1,396 
1,2S0 
1,311 


1885 


1,308 
1,450 


1905 




1900 


1875.. 


1895 


1860 




1S90 











Miami. — A tribe whose habitat early in the seven- 
teenth century seems to have been in Wisconsin and 
northern Hlmois and Irtdiana. In the early nine- 
teenth centuiy the majority moved west to Kansas 
and later to Oklahoma, where they are now located on 
the Quapaw Reservation. A portion much mixed 
with white blood still remains in Indiana. 

The number enimierated in 1910 was 226, of which 
123 were in Oklahoma and 90 in Indiana. Comparison 
with earlier yeai-s is difficult, as the Miami have been 
much mixed with the Peoria and other tribes. The 
reports of the Commissioner of Indian Afl'airs give for 
this tribe in Oklahoma 167 in 1861 and 117 in 1869, 
and since ISSO the foUowmg figures: 



YEAR. 


Number. 


YEAR. 


Number. 


1910 


127 
)24 
101 
86 


1890 


69 


1905 ' 


1885 


57 


190O 


1880 


64 


1895 











Micmac. — A tribe occupying, at least since the 
sixteenth century, Nova Scotia, Cape Breton, Prince 
Edward Island, and parts of northern New Brunswick, 
together with most of the Gaspe Peninsula in eastern 
Canada. The number of this tribe enumerated in the 
United States m 1910 was 45, distributed as follows: 
Maine, 23; Massachusetts, 21; and Minnesota, 1. 

MohegaJi. — A tribe formerly occupying a small area 
in southern Connecticut, chiefly along the Thames 
River. A small number of persons, mainly of white 
and Negro blood, still claim the name. The number 
reported in 1910 was 22, all in Connecticut. 

Moniauk. — A name somewhat variably used but 
usually including most of the tribes of central and 
eastern Long Ishiiul, N. Y. A few survive in Long 
Island, but the majority of tlie survivors are in Wis- 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



75 



coi^sin, whither they seem to have gone with the 
Brotherton. The number enumerated in 1910 was 29, 
of which 21 wci-e in Wisconsin. 

2Iiinsee. — Tlic name of a portion of the Delaware 
tribe occupying in the seventeenth century a consid- 
erable area in southern New York and adjacent parts 
of Pennsylvania and New Jersey. By the end of the 
eighteenth century they had been almost completely 
dispei-sed or absorbed by other tribes, and at present 
the survivore are scattered among several tribes in 
Oklahoma and in Kansas. The total reported in 1910 
was 71, of which Kansas and Oklahoma had 41 and 
21, respectively. 

Narraganset. — Formerly one of the most important 
tribes of southern New England, occupying western 
Ehode Island and adjacent parts of Connecticut. The 
few survivors are now largely mixed with white and 
Negro blood. Tlie number enumerated in 1910 was 
16, of which one-half were in Wisconsin. It is proba- 
ble that there were others of this tribe enumerated 
among the general population. 

Niantic-. — A small tribe formerly occupying the coast 
of Connecticut near Niantic Bay. One survivor of 
this tribe was enumerated in Connecticut in 1910, a 
woman reported to be of full-tribal blood. 

Ottawa. — Originally a Canadian tribe, the habitat of 
the Ottawa when first met by Europeans, in the early 
part of the seventeenth century, was in the present 
Province of Ontario, on Manitouhn Island, the north- 
ern shore of Georgian Bay, and parts of the southern 
shore adjacent to the Hurons. After the destruction 
of the Hurons in 1648-49, the Ottawa fled at first to the 
western shore of Lake Michigan and later farther west, 
even to the Mississippi River. By the end of the cen- 
tury the greater part, however, had returned and set- 
tled mainly in the Lower Peninsula of Michigan where 
they became niuch mixed with the Chippewa. A 
small number of Ottawa moved west beyond the Mis- 
sissippi in the early part of the nineteenth century and 
since 1870 have been hving with the Quapaw on their 
reservation in Oklahoma. 

The total number enumerated in 1910 was 2,717, of 
which 2,454 were in Michigan and 170 in Oklahoma. 
Figures for the total Ottawa population in previous 
years are impossible to secure, as only the small por- 
tion residing in Oklahoma has been shown separately 
in the reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affaire. 

Pamunkey. — Once one of the most important tribes 
of Virginia, belonging to the Powhatan Confederacy, 
and occupying the region about the Pamunkey and 
Mattapony Rivers in that state. Since the end of the 
eighteenth century the remnant, largely of mixed 
blood, have occupied a small reservation in King Wil- 
ham County. The number enumerated in 1910 was 
83, all in Virginia. 

Passamaquoddy. — A tribe very closely allied to the 
Malecite and occupying since the seventeenth century 
the region in the vicinity of the eastern boundary of 



Maine. The number enumerated in 1910 was 386, of 
which 381 were in Maine. 

Penolscot. — A tribe once quite numerous and for- 
merly occupying the region along the Penobscot River, 
Me. They are now for the most part located in the 
vicinity of Old Town, Me., 253 out of a total of 266 being 
reported in that state in 1910. 

Peoria. — A tribe belonging to the loose group known 
as the Illinois Confederacy and living, when first known 
to Europeans in the seventeenth century, on the west 
side of the Mississippi River in Iowa. Later they 
moved to lUinois and in 1832 removed to Kansas, 
where they were joined by various other small tribes 
and ultimately settled in Oklahoma on the Peoria 
Reservation. The Peoria to-day are much mixed with 
Piankashaw, Wea, etc. The number enumerated in 
1910 was 128, of which 1 14 were reported in Oklahoma. 

Pequot. — A tribe once practically identical with the 
Mohegan and occupying in the seventeenth century 
the extreme eastern edge of Connecticut. The rem- 
nant is still hving in this region, 66 being enumerated 
in 1910, 49 in Connecticut and 17 in Massachusetts. 

Piankashaw. — ^A subdivision originally of the Miami, 
formerly occupyuig a small area in northern Indiana 
and Illinois. Early in the nineteenth century the 
remnant had moved west across the Mississippi, and 
later, uniting vriih. the Peoria, Kaskaskia, and Wea, 
removed to the Peoria Reservation, Okla. There were 
but 2 Indians reported in 1910 as Piankashaw, from 
Oklahoma, a female of full-tribal blood and a half- 
breed male. 

Piegan. — The largest of the three tribes of the 
Blackfoot Confederacy. Their early habitat ex- 
tended over a large area in Montana, Alberta, and 
Saskatchewan, east of the Rocky Mountains. For 40 
years or more the portion of the tribe in the United 
States has been located on the Blackfeet Reservation 
in Montana. They are sometimes referred to simply 
as Blackfeet. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 2,268, of which 
2,221 were in Montana. Comparative figures for 
earUer years are ahnost useless as they are, with very 
few exceptions, only estimates. Before 1885 the num- 
ber returned varied very widely from year to year, 
the most conservative estimate being about 2,500 in 
1861. In 1864 and in 1869 they suffered by an epi- 
demic of measles and smallpox, and in 1883 nearly 600 
died of stai-vation. Since 1885 there has apparently 
been httle change in numbers, as shown by the follow- 
ing figures from the reports of the Commissioner of 
Indian Affaire for this tribe in Montana: 



YEAR. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 




2,269 
2,063 
2,085 


1895 


1,837 




1890 


2,173 




1885 


2,000 









Poosepatuck. — One of the tribes of Long Island, 
New York, of which a remnant, aU of mixed blood 



76 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



probably still survives. A single Indian was enu- 
merated in 1910, in New York, as belonging to this 
tribe, a woman of half Negro blood. It is probable 
that some additional members of this tribe were scat- 
tered among the general population. 

Potawatomi. — The earliest assignable location for 
this tribe is in the Lower Peninsula of Michigan. From 
here, early in the sevciitcenth century, they moved to 
the vicinity of Sault Stc. Marie and thence, at a later 
date, southward to the lower end of Lake Michigan 
and adjacent portions of Wisconsin, IlUnois, Indiana, 
and Michigan. By the middle of the nineteenth cen- 
tury the larger portion had moved west across the 
Mississippi where, after several changes of location, 
they were finally located on the Great Nemaha Reser- 
vation in Kansas, and the Sauk and Fox Reservation 
in Oklahoma. A portion, however, remains in Wis- 
consin and Michigan. The total number enumerated 
in 1910 was 2,440, of which 866 were in Oklahoma, 819 
m Kansas, 461 in Mchigan, and 245 in Wisconsin. 

Powhatan. — A group or confederacy of several 
tribes Uving in the seventeenth century along the Vir- 
gmia coast, and including among others the Chicka- 
hominy, Mattapony, and Pamuiikey. The remnants 
are now much mixed and widely scattered. The num- 
ber reported in 1910 (distinct from the Chickahominy, 
Mattapony, and Pamunkey) was 131, aU in Virginia. 

Sauk and Fox. — Two tribes which have been so 
closely associated for over a century that they have 
been enumerated as a unit. The earliest assignable 
habitat for both the Sauk and Fox was in the Lower 
Peninsula of Michigan where they were living at the 
very beguuimg of the seventeenth ceutur^^ Moving 
from there by the end of the century to Wisconsin, 
they remained in the region of Green Bay for some 
time and toward the end of the eighteenth century 
moved farther west beyond the Mississippi. They are 
now divided into three groups, located respectively at 
Tama, Iowa; the Great Nemaha Reservation, Kans.; 
and the Sauk and Fox Reservation, Okla. 

The total number enumerated in 1910 was 724, of 
which 347 were in Oklahoma, 257 in Iowa, and 69 iu 
Kansas. Figures for earher years are in the case of the 
Sauk and Fox unusually complete in the reports of the 
Commissioner of Indian AlFairs for the number repre- 
sented in Iowa, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Nebraska, as 
follows : 



YEAR. 


Iowa. 


Okla- 
homa. 


Kansas 

and Ne- 
braska. 


1910 


305 
342 
385 
393 
390 
380 
355 
341 


541 
503 
467 
522 
525 
457 
440 
430 


87 


1905 




1900 


74 


IS'Jt. 




1S91 . . 


75 


1S85 




1S81 


153 


1875 


298 







Shawnee. — The southernmost tribe of this stock. 
Considerable luicertainty still remains in regard to the 
earher home of this tribe. "\^Tien first known to Euro- 
peans in the seventeenth century they were living in 
two divisions, the larger in central and western Ten- 
nessee and the smaller on the Savannah River in 
South Carolina. Their later history is much confused, 
they ha\'ing been for a time in Kentucky and Ohio, 
and some isolated bands being in many other parts of 
the Middle West. In the eighteenth century many 
had moved west of the Mississippi and become widely 
scattered. Since the beginning of the nineteenth 
century they have been located mainly in Kansas, 
Texas, Missouri, and Oklahoma. At present they are 
located in Oklahoma, part on the Quapaw Reserva- 
tion, part on the Sauk and Fox Reservation (Shawnee 
School), while the larger proportion are incorporated 
A\-ith the Cherokee. 

The number of this tribe enumerated in 1910 was 
1 ,338, of which 1 ,300 were in Oklahoma. Comparative 
figures are not available for the ShawTiee tribe as a 
whole. In 1861 they were reported as numbering 810. 

Shinnecock. — A tribe formerly occupying the west- 
ern portion of Long Island, N. Y. The survivora 
wholly mixed with Negro blood, are located mainly on 
a small reservation near Southampton, Long Island. 
The number enumerated in 1910 was 167, all in New 
York. 

Stockhridges. — A name applied to a tribe formerly 
Uving in western Massachusetts, but removing toward 
the end of the eighteenth century to the Oneidas in 
New York, and thence in the first half of the nineteenth 
century to a reservation in Wisconsin. They have 
now become much mixed with the Munsee and with 
whites. In 1910 there were 502 out of a total of 533 
reported in Wisconsin. , 

Wampanoag. — Formerly an important tribe in east- 
ern Rhode Island and the adjacent parts of Massa- 
chusetts. The remnant is now very largely mixed 
with white and Negro blood. The total nutmber 
enumerated in 1910 was 162, of which 152 were in 
Massachusetts and 10 in Pennsylvania. 

Wea. — A tribe very closely alhed to the Miami. 
Their earhest known habitat was in eastern Wisconsin 
and western IlUnois and Indiana. In 1832 they 
moved to Kansas, and in 1868 to Oklahoma, where, 
united mth the Peoria and Piankashaw, they still 
remain. The great majority were enumerated as 
Peoria. In 1910 only 4 were enumerated as Wea — 
2 in Oklahoma and 2 in Indiana. 

Tribe not reported. — There were enumerated in 1910 
as of this stock 36 Indians (12 males and 24 females) 
for whom the tribe was not reported. They were all 
reported as born in Massachusetts, and are probably 
either Mashpee or W^ampanoag. They are of mixed 
blood, mainly Negro, white, and Indian. 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



77 



ATHAPASKAN STOCK. 

Stock as a whole. — Of all the stocks in North America 
the Athapaskan covers the larj^est area, and, with the 
exception of the Eskimaiian, has the greatest range of 
distribution. The larger portion of the area, formerly 
and at present, occupied by this stock hes in Alaska 
and the Canadian northwest. In continental United 
States its main territory lay in Arizona, New Mexico, 
and northwestern Texas, with an isolated area of very 
in-egular shape on the Pacific coast in northern Cali- 
fornia and southwestern Oregon. One small tribe 
belonging to this stock, the Tlatskanai. was in southern 
Washington, and one, the so-called Iviowa Apache, in 
the southern plains. 

The Indians of the Athapaskan stock in the United 
States, as enumerated in 1910, numbered 30,406. To 
this figure should be added perhaps 500 for Indians of 
this stock reported ^vithout distinction of tribe among 
the general population in New Mexico and Arizona, 
making a probable total of nearly 31,000 in all. The 
tribes of this stock, for which members were reported, 
are as follows: 



YEAR. 


Number. 


YEAR. 


Number. 


1910 


4,889 
4,238 
4,470 


1895 


4,342 


1905 


1890 


4,022 


1900 











Ahtena. 

Apache. 

Chastacosta. 

Chetco. 

Cow Creek. 

Hupa. 

Jicarilla Apache. 

Kai-Pomo. 



Kiowa Apache. 
Lipan Apache. 
Mattole. 

Mescalero Apache. 
Navajo. 
Redwood. 
Rogue River. 
Saiaz. 



Tenankutchin. 

Tlatskanai. 

Tolowa. 

Umpqua. 

Upper Coquille. 

Wailaki. 



Ahtena. — Two Indians belonging to this Alaskan 
tribe (see p. Ill) were reported from Oregon in 1910, 
both white half-breed males. 

Apache. — A group of tribes whose subdivisions and 
names have been so uncertain, and most of whom have 
become so much intermixed in the last century as to 
render separate statistical consideration difficult. In 
the sixteenth century the Apache were apparently 
confined mainly to New Mexico and western Texas, 
but later extended over much of Arizona and into 
northern Mexico. Of the various subdivisions the 
Jicarilla, Lipan, and Mescalero have kept rather to 
themselves and so are considered separately in this 
report. The returns for those Indians enumerated 
simply as Apache, and for the Chiricahua, Coyotero, 
San Carlos, Tonto, and White Mountain Apache, with 
their various subdivisions, are combined under the 
general term of Apache. 

The Apache, thus defined, as enumerated m 1910 
numbered 4,973, of which 4,652 were m Arizona and 
271 ill Oklahoma. Comparative figures are of little 
value prior to 1890. Since then the total number of 
Apache in Arizona and Oklahoma, including the divi- 
sions above mentioned, have been given in the reports 
of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, as shown in the 
following statement. 



These figures should be used with caution, but it 
would appear that there has been clearly an increase 
in this group. The different bands as enumerated by 
the census are as follows: 

Apache (without designation of band) 2, 421 

Chiiicahua Apache 261 

Coyotero Apache 490 

San Carlos Apache l- 089 

Tonto Apache 655 

Wliite Mountain Apache 57 

Chastacosta. — A subdivision of the Rogue River In- 
dians, formerly occupying the northern bank frorn 
Illinois River to Applegate Creek in southwestern 
Oregon. The remnant of this tribe is now located at 
Siletz Reservation, Oreg. The number enumerated 
in 1910 was 7, all in Oregon. It is probable that a few 
others still survive, but were enumerated as Rogue 
River. 

Chetco.— k small group of Indians closely allied to 
the Tolowa. In the early part of the nineteenth cen- 
tury they were living on the lower Chetco River in 
southern Curry County, Oreg. In 1854 they were 
removed to Siletz Reservation where a small remnant 
still survives. 

In 1910 only 9 were enumerated — 7 in Oregon, 1 in 
California, and 1 in Peimsylvania. According to the 
reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, the 
Chetco numbered 241 in 1854; 262 in 1861; 211 in 
1867, and 10 years later had decreased to 63. 

Cow Creel. — A subdivision of the Umpqua formerly 
living on Cow Creek in southwestern Douglas County, 
Oreg. They were removed in the middle of the 
nineteenth century to the Grande Ronde Reservation, 
where the remnant still resides. The number enumer- 
ated in 1910 was 9, all in Oregon. 

Hupa. — A small tribe belonging to the Pacific coast 
division of this stock. Although immigrants into this 
area at some early period in the past, their habitat 
since earliest traditional times has been in Humboldt 
County, Cal., along the Trinity River from the South 
Fork to the mouth. The larger part of this area was 
set aside as a reservation for them in 1864. The 
number enumerated m 1910 was 639, of which 617 
were in California. 

Jicarilla Apache. — One of the many tribes known 
by the name of Apache. They were probably originally 
closely allied to the Mescalero, and their earliest known 
habitat was in southeastern Colorado and northern 
New Mexico, whence they ranged east into Kansas, 
Oklahoma, and Texas. They are now located on the 
Jicarilla Reservation in New Mexico. 



78 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



The total reported in 1910 was 694, all in New 
Mexico. Figures for this tribe are given with con- 
siderable regularity in the reports of the Commissioner 
of Indian Affairs as far back as 1869. 



TEAR. 


Number. 


TEAK. 


Number. 


1910 


743 

795 
815 
845 
808 


1885 


721 


1905 


1880 


752 


1900 


1875 


950 


1895 


1869 . 


788 


1890 











Kai-Pomo (syn. Kate, Cahto). — A small group or 
tribe belonging to the Kuneste section of the Pacific 
coast division of this stock. They have occupied since 
earhest traditional times a small area in northwestern 
Mendocino County, Cal. They are closely affiliated 
with the Wailaki, Mattole, and other small Athapaskan 
groups of this region. The number enumerated in 
1910 was 51, all in Cahfornia. 

Kiowa Apache. — A small tribe amalgamated since 
the earhest traditional tinaes with the Kiowa, a tribe of 
a wholly different stock. Their early home was in 
Montana and northern Wyoming, but since known to 
Europeans in the seventeenth century they have been 
farther south on the western plains. Since the middle 
of the nineteenth century they have been located with 
the Kiowa on the Kiowa and Comanche Reservation 
in Oklahoma. 

The name Apache is given to this tribe erroneously, 
as they have nothing in common with the Apache ex- 
cept that both are members of the same stock. 

The Kiowa Apache as enumerated in 1910 numbered 
139, aU in Oklahoma. Compared with the figures for 
previous years, as given in the reports of the Commis- 
sioner of Indian Affairs, this tribe shows a rapid de- 
crease, that between 1890 and 1895 being due to a 
severe epidemic. The figures are as foUows: 



TEAK. 


Number. 


YEAB. 


Number. 


1910 


165 
155 
173 
226 


1890 


326 


1905... 




1885 


319 


1900... 


18S0 . ... 


334 


1895... 


1875 


344 









Lipan Apache. — A tribe whose habitat in the eight- 
eenth century extended over a large area in eastern 
New Mexico and western Texas. About the middle of 
the nineteenth century most of the remnant removed 
to northern Mexico, but are now located on the Mes- 
calero Reservation, N. Mex. A few others are found 
on the Oakland Reservation, Okla. The number enu- 
merated in 1910 was 28, of which 20 were in New Mex- 
ico, 7 in Oklahoma, and 1 in Pennsylvania. 

Mattole. — A small group or tribe belonging to the 
Kuneste section of the Pacific coast division of this 
stock. They have occupied since earliest traditional 
times the southern coast of Humboldt County, Cal. 
Gathered on a reservation near Capo Mendocino about 
the middle of the nineteenth century, a few were taken. 



when this reservation was discontinued, to the Hupa 
Reservation, where they are now incorporated with 
the Hupa. The other remaining survivors are scat- 
tered over their original territory. The number enu- 
merated m 1910 was .34, all in Cahfornia. 

Mescalero Apache. — Originally closely affiliated with. 
the Jicarilla. Their earhest known habitat was in 
eastern New Mexico, whence they ranged east into 
Texas and south into northern New Mexico. Since 
1873 they have been located on the Mescalero Reserva- 
tion in southern New Mexico, in which state 416 were 
enumerated in 1910 out of a total of 424. 

Comparative figures indicate a rather stable popula- 
tion for this tribe in New Mexico, there having been 
little variation in numbers in 25 years. These figures, 
taken from the reports of the Commissioner of Indian 
Affairs, are available only as far back as 1885, and are 
as follows: 



TEAK. 


Number. 


YEAR. 


Number. 


1910 ... 


453 
460 
482 


1895 


453 


1905 


1890 


513 


1900 


1885 


462 









Navajo (syn. Navaho) . — One of the largest and best 
known of the Athapaskan tribes of the United States. 
When first known to Europeans in the early seven- 
teenth century they were located in northern New 
Mexico and Arizona and southeastern Utah. In the 
sixties a large proportion of the tribe were held as 
prisoners at Bosque Redondo in eastern New Mexico, 
but later were returned to their original home. Since 
1867 they have remained on the reservation set apart 
for them in northeastern Arizona, northwestern New 
Mexico, and southeastern Utah, the numbers enu- 
merated in 1910 in these states being 11,001, 10,354, 
and 1,039, respectively. The total number enumer- 
ated was 22,455. 

The enumeration of the Navajo is of necessity some- 
what uncertain, owing to the local conditions. The 
tribe is a nomadic one, roaming over a very large ex- 
tent of country, so that an absolutely accurate enu- 
meration would be an extremely difficult, if not im- 
possible task. Comparison, therefore, with returns of 
even greater uncertainty (since founded almost wholly 
on estimates) made in the reports of the Commissioner 
of Indian Affairs are of little real value. In a few in- 
stances the numbers given, however, are evidently 
based upon partial counts of a large proportion at least 
of the tribe. In 1876 the total was given as 11,868 
and in 1886 as 17,358. Begimiing in 1894 a sudden rise 
is noticeable to over 20,000, and again in 1905 a still 
greater rise — in one year from 21,379 to 28,544. The 
discrepancy between this figure of about 28,000, which 
has been returned in the reports of the Commissioner of 
Indian Affairs with little variation since 1 905, and that 
of 22,455, obtained by the present census, is large. 
That 28,000 is a figure somewhat too large and that the 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



79 



enumeration of the census is too small seems probable. 
An exact enmneration, however, is, as already stated, 
practically impossible. 

Redwood (spi. Wliilkut). — A small group or tribe 
closely related to the Hupa. Their habitat was on 
Upper Redwood Creek, directly west of the Hupa in 
Humboldt County, Cal. Located for several years 
previous to 1870 at Hupa Reservation, most have 
since removed to their original homes. The local 
name for these Indians is Redwood, a term also 
applied to thcHuchnom, a branch of the Yukian stock 
in Mendocino County. The total number reported in 
1910 was 76, of which 74 were in California and 2 in 
Washington. 

Rogue River (syn. Tututni). — A group of small 
tribes who in the early nineteenth century were living 
' on the lower Rogue River and adjacent area in Curry 
County, Oreg. In 1856 they were removed to Siletz 
Reservation and some time later were transferred to 
the Grande Ronde Reservation. The remnants are at 
present divided between these two reservations. There 
is much confusion in the use of the term Tututni and 
Rogue River, and among those returned as such, and 
here tabulated, there are probably some Chetco, 
Chastacosta and other Athapaskan tribes of this 
region. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 383, of which 
368 were in Oregon. Strictly comparable figures for 
this tribe can not be obtained, but an approximation 
can be made as follows: In 1854, at the time of their 
transportation as prisoners of war to Siletz, the Rogue 
River were given as numbering 1,311. In 1867 they 
seem still to have numbered over 1,300, but 10 years 
later, in 1877, were reduced to less than 700 and in 
1881 to less than 500. Since that date no separate 
report has been made. 

Saiaz. — A term of somewhat uncertain application, 
applied to a portion of the Kuneste section of the 
Pacific coast division of this stock. Their habitat 
since earliest traditional times was in Humboldt and 
Trinity Counties, Cal. They are practically one with 
the Wailaki. Between 1862 and 1878 they were 
gathered first at the Smith River Reservation and also 
at the Hupa Reservation, but since the latter date the 
few survivors have been scattered over their original 
territory. The number enumerated in 1910 was 6, all 
in California. 

Tenankutcliin. — One white half-breed male of this 
Alaskan tribe (see p. 112) was reported from Oregon 
in 1910. 

TMsTcanai. — A small tribe formerly living on the 
Chehalis River, Wash., and later in Columbia County, 
Oreg. They were supposed to be extinct several years 
ago. Three were reported from Washington in 1910. 

Tolowa (syn. Crescent City, Smith River Indians.)— 
A small tribe or group belonging to the Kuneste section 
of the Pacific coast division of this stock. Their 
habitat since earliest traditional times has been in the 
extreme northwestern corner of California, comprising 



practically all of Del Norte County. Between 1862 
and 1 868 they were gathered on a small reservation on 
Smith River which was later abandoned, and since the 
latter date the Tolowa have not been located on a 
reservation. The number enumerated in 1910 was 
121, of which 118 were in California and 3 in Oregon. 

UmpqiM. — A tribal name of somewhat vague appli- 
cation, generally applied, however, to the Indians of 
the upper Umpcjua River, in Douglas County, Oreg. 
They were removed to the Alsea Reservation in the 
middle of the nineteenth century, and later divided 
between Siletz and Grande Ronde Reservation, Oreg., 
where they still remain. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 109, of which 
90 were in Oregon and 17 in Washington. Compara- 
tive figures from the reports of the Commissioner of 
Indian Affairs are available since 1860, as follows: 



YEAB. 


Number. 


YEAE. 


Number. 


1905. 


78 
88 
88 
80 


1885 


121 


190O 


1880 


136 


1895 


1S75 


202 


1890 


1860 


184 









Upper CoquiUe. — A small tribe or group of villages 
previously located on the upper CoquUle River, in 
Coos and Douglas Counties, Oreg. They were removed 
to Siletz Reservation in the middle of the nineteenth 
century and most of the few survivors are located 
there to-day. In 1910 the number enumerated was 
15, all in Oregon. 

Wailaki. — A small group or tribe belonging to the 
Kuneste section of the Pacific Coast division of this 
stock. Their habitat since earliest traditional times 
has been in southeastern Humboldt and southwestern 
Trinity Counties, Cal. About the middle of the nine- 
teenth century they were removed to Round Valley 
Reservation, where the majority still remain. The 
number enumerated in 1910 was 227, of which 217 
were in Cahfornia. 

Trihe not reported. — One Indian female of this stock 
was enumerated in Oregon in 1910 for whom the tribe 
was not reported. 

CADDOAN STOCK. 

Stock as a whole. — This is preeminently a stock of 
the plains. In the seventeenth century tribes be- 
longing to this stock occupied large areas in Texas, 
Arkansas, and Oklahoma, with others (the Pawnee 
and Ankara) farther north in Nebraska and North 
Dakota. Many of the tribes formerly in existence are 
now extinct. 

The Indians of the Caddoan stock, as enumerated 
in 1910, numbered 1,863. The tribes of this stock 
for which members were reported are as follows : 



Ankara. 
Caddo. 
Kichai. 
Pawnee. 



Tawakoni. 

Waco. 

Wichita. 



80 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



Arikara. — The northernmost tribe of this stock. 
Although now isolated, they were foi-merly part of 
the Pawnee. Their early traditional home was in 
Kansas, or farther south and southwest. From here 
they moved up the Missouri River, and were found by 
Europeans in the early part of the eighteenth century 
in South Dakota. By the middle of the nineteenth 
century they had moved farther up the river into 
North Dakota, and for about 50 years they have been 
at Fort Berthold Reservation, together with the Hi- 
datsa and Mandan. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 444, of which 
425 were in North Dakota. Comparative figures are 
of value as far back as 1875. Previous to that date 
the Arikara were estimated at from 1,000 to 1,600. 
The fio-ures given in the reports of the Commissioner 
of Indian Affairs for this tribe in North Dakota since 
1875 show a great decrease, and are as foUows: 



YEAR. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 




411 
379 
395 
420 


1890 


435 


1905 


18S5 


529 




ISSO 


724 


IWi 


1875 


900 









Caddo. — Formerly an important tribe and that from 
which the stock takes its name. Their earliest known 
habitat was in northwestern Louisiana, southwestern 
Arkansas, and northeastern Texas. In the eighteenth 
century the larger part of the tribe moved to Texas, 
and in the nineteenth century, after various vicissi- 
tudes, they were finally permanently settled on the 
Kiowa and Comanche Reservation m Oklahoma, where 
they are now located. 

The number enumerated in 1910 w,as 452, of which 
436 were reported from Oklahoma. Comparative fig- 
ures furnished by the reports of the Commissioner of 
Indian Affairs include the remnants of the lonies, 
another small tribe of this stock. The figures given 
for those in Oklahoma show a decrease in the last 35 
years, and are as follows : 



TEAR. 


Number. 


TE.iB. 


Xumber. 


1900 


497 
498 
638 


1885.... 

18S0.... 
1875.... 




570 


1895 


538 


1S90 


652 







Kichai. — One of the smaller tribes of this stock 
whose earliest known habitat was in northwestern 
Louisiana and northeastern Texas. They shared with 
the Caddo in their vicissitudes during the eighteenth 
and early part of the nineteenth century, and in the 
sixties were permanently located at the Kiowa and 
Comanche Reservation in Oklahoma, where they 
joined the Wichita, with whom they have ever since 
been closely affiliated. The number enumerated in 
1910 was 10, all in Oklahoma. 

Paumce. — Probably the best known tribe of this 
stock. Their traditional homo was in northern Texas 
and southern Oklahoma, but when firet known to 



Europeans, in the seventeenth century, they were hving 
in Nebraska and northern Kansas. About the middle 
of the nineteenth century a reservation was set apart 
for them in Nebraska, on which they remained until 
1S76, when they were removed to the Pawnee Reserva- 
tion in Oklahoma. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 633, of which 
573 were reported in Oklahoma. The following table, 
compiled from the reports of the Commissioner of 
Indian Affairs, shows comparative figures for that por- 
tion in Oklahoma as far back as 1870: 



YEAR. 


Number. 


YEAR. 


Number. 




653 
647 
639 
650 
710 


1890 


804 


1909 


1885 


1,045 




1880 


1,307 


1900 


1875 


2,200 




1870 


2,325 









It is clear from the above that there has been a de- 
cided decrease in the Pawnee in the last 40 years. 
For the last 10 years, however, their munber has re- 
mained practically stationary. 

Taival-oni. — A small tribe closely affihated with the 
Waco and Wichita. Their earliest known home was in 
central Oklahoma, whence they moved in the eighteenth 
century to northern Texas. From there they moved, 
in the middle of the nineteenth century, north again 
into Oldahoma, where, with the Wichita, they have 
since been located on the Kiowa and Comanche 
Reservation. 

Onlv a single Tawakoni, in Oldahoma, was enumer- 
ated as such in 1910, a woman of fuU-tribal blood. It 
is probable that some other remaining Tawakoni were 
enumerated without tribal distinction among the gen- 
eral population. 

Waco. — One of the subdivisions of the Tawakoni, 
formerly living in southern Oklahoma and northern 
Texas. Since the middle of the nineteenth century 
they, wth the Tawakoni, have been associated with 
the Wichita on the Kiowa and Comanche Reservation, 
Okla. The number enumerated in 1910 was only 5, 
all in Oklahoma. 

Wichita.— A well-known tribe closely affiliated ^^•ith 
the Tawakoni and Waco. The name is also apphed 
to a loose confederacy including the Wicliita, Tawakoni, 
Waco, and others. Their earliest kno^vn habitat 
(about the middle of the sixteenth century) was in 
southern Kansas and Oklahoma. Later they were 
forced west and south into Texas, and from there 
moved back in 1859 to Oklahoma, where since 1867 
thoy have been on the Kiowa and Comanche Reser- 
vation. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 318, of which 
279 were in Oldahoma. The number reported by the 
Commissioner of Indian Affairs in 1S93, the last year 
in which this tribe was distinguished separately, was 
1 53 in Oklahoma. This would indicate a large increase, 
but is due, proliably, in large ]iart to a different method 
of determining tribal affiliation and to a more complete 
enumeration. 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



81 



CHIMAKUAN STOCK. 

Stocl- as a whole.- — One of the small stocks of the 
Pacific coast, which occupied, at the time when first 
laiown to Europeans, two small areas in western Wash- 
ington, one on the coast south of Capo Fhxttery and the 
other on the northwestern shore of Puget Sound. 

The Indians of the Chimakuan stock, as enumerated 
in 1910, numbered 306. The surviving tribes of this 
stock, for which members were reported are as follows: 
Chimakum. Hoh. Quileute. 

CJiimnhim. — A small tribe occupying, when first 
known to Europeans, the peninsula between Hoods 
Canal and Port Townsend, Wash. The tribe has been 
supposed to be extinct. Three males, however, were 
enumerated in Wasliington in 1910, one of full-tribal 
blood, one of mixed-tribal blood, and one white and 
Indian half-breed. 

Hoh. — A subdivision of the Quileute. Their habitat 
since the beginning of the nineteenth century has been 
on the river of the same name, in the northwestern 
part of Jefferson Comity, Wash. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 44, all in 
Washington. The following figures for tliis tribe are 
given in the reports of the Commissioner of IiicUan 
Affairs: 



TEAR. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 




54 
62 
67 

78 
75 


1885 


61 




1880 


83 


1900 


1875 


94 




1870 


73 


1S90 











Quileute. — With the Hoh, the cliief surviving repre- 
sentatives of the stock. Their habitat since the begin - 
ning of the nineteenth century has been on the Pacific 
coast in the southwestern part of Clallam and north- 
western part of Jefferson Counties, Wash. Since 1855 
they have been located on a reservation set apart for 
them and under the supervision of the Neah Bay 
Agency. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 259, all in 
Washington. Figures for this tribe are given in the 
reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, as 
follows : 



YEAR. 


Number. 


YEAR. 


Number. 


1910 


226 
231 
229 
250 
242 


1885 


253 




1880 


310 


1900 


1875 


253 




1870 


234 


1890 











CHIMARIKAN STOCK. 

A very small group now practically extinct. Their 

habitat was in northwestern Cahfornia on the Trinity 

River in the vicinity of New River. Recent evidence 

indicates that they probably are not distinct, but are 

67090°— 15 6 



divergent members of the Shastan stock. Tliey have 
never been located on a reservation. Tlio Chimariko, 
as enumerated in 1910, numbered 31, all in California. 

CHINOOKAN STOCK. 

Stock as a whole. — ^A stock occupying a narrow con- 
tinuous belt of country, extending along both banks 
of the Columbia River from its mouth to The Dalles, 
in Oregon and Washington. The Chinookan is one 
of the stocks showing cases of intermixture with 
Polynesian blood, chiefly Hawaiian. 

The Indians of the Chinookan stock, as enumerated 
in 1910, numbered 897. The surviving tribes of this 
stock, for which members were reported, are as follows: 

Chinook. Wasco. 

Clackamaa. Wiahram. 

Clatsop. 

Chinook. — The tribe from which the stock takes its 
name. They occupied in the beginning of the nine- 
teenth century the southwestern corner of Washuigton 
on the north side of the Columbia River, and the sea- 
coast adjoining as far north as Shoalwater Bay. The 
Chinook proper are probably almost, if not quite, 
extinct. The name came to be loosely applied to 
various other tribes of the same stock on both sides of 
the Colmnbia for about 100 miles above its mouth, 
and it is the remnants of these various tribes that are 
probably included in those who were enumerated as 
"Chinook." Thus defined, the number enumerated 
in 1910 was 315, of which 177 were in Washington 
and 125 in Oregon. 

Clackamas. — A small tribe formerly hving on the 
Clackamas River, Clackamas Countj', Oreg. About 50 
years ago they were removed to Grande Ronde Reser- 
vation, Oreg., where a remnant still survives. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 40, of which 
39 were in Oregon and 1 in Washington. The follow- 
ing figures for this tribe in Oregon are taken from the 
reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs : 



YEAR. 


Number. 


YEAR. 


Number. 


1905 


59 
66 
65 
59 


1885 


33 




1880 


62 


1895 


1S75 


66 


1890 











The rise and fall of the number of the Clackamas is 
due probably to the different methods of enumeration 
in successive years. 

Clatsop. — A small tribe formerly occupying the 
region about the mouth of the Columbia River, in 
northwestern Clatsop County, Oreg. A few of the 
survivors were moved to the Grande Ronde Reserva- 
tion in 1875, but the larger number of the tribe are 
now living in Washington, 18 out of 26 having been 
enumerated in that state in 1910. 

Wasco. — One of the two easternmost tribes of this 
stock. Their habitat in the early part of the nine- 
teenth century was on the south side of the Columbia 



82 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



River near The Dalles, Wasco County, Oreg. For 40 
or 50 years they have been located on the Warm 
Springs Reservation in that state. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 242, of which 
184 were in Oregon and 54 in'Washington. Compara- 
tive figures for this tribe in Oregon are available from 
the reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs 
from 1870 to 1890, as follows: 





TEAR. 


Number. 


TEAK. 


Number. 




277 
235 
218 


1875 


320 


1885 


1870 


244 


IgSO 











WisJiram (syn. Tumwater). — One of the eastern- 
most of the tribes of tliis stock, f ormerh- occupying the 
north shore of the Columbia River at and below The 
Dalles, in KHcMtat County, Wash. They are now 
living partly on the Yakima Reservation and partly 
along the Columbia River in their foniier territory. 
The name Tumwater, by which these Indians are 
locally known, probably includes fragments of other 
tribes formerly located at the Cascades. The name 
Tumwater has also been appHed to a small group of 
Indians also called Oregon City and now located on 
Grande Ronde Reservation, Oreg. The Wishram as 
enumerated in 1910 numbered 274, all in Washington. 

The Wishram have the largest population of Poly- 
nesian mixed-bloods of any tribe in the United States. 

CHITIMACHAN' STOCK. 

A small tribe, forming by itself an independent 
linguistic stock. They occupied, at the time when 
first known to Europeans, the region about Grand 
Lake and Grand River, La. They have not been on 
any reservation. The Chitimacha, as enumerated in 
1910, numbered 69, of which 50 were in Louisiana and 
19 in Pennsylvania. 

CHUMASHAN STOCK. 

Stock as a whole. — A Californian stock, now nearly 
extinct, formerly occupying Santa Barbara and Ven- 
tura Coimties and the region immediately adjoining. 

The Indians of the Chumashan stock, as enumerated 
in 1910, numbered 38. The surviving tribes of this 
stock, for which members were reported, are as follows : 
San Luis Obispo. Santa Bai-bareno. Santa Ynez. 

San Imis Obispo. — The name by wliich the sur- 
vivors of the tribes of this stock in the southern part 
of San Luis Obispo County, Cal., have been commonly 
known. Only a single survivor of these Indians was 
enumerated in 1910, in California, a male of fuU-tribal 
blood. 

Santa Barbareno. — A tribe or group of tribes occu- 
pying since the sixteenth century a portion of Santa 
Barbara County, Cal. The few survivors of these 
several tribes are to-day generally Icnown as Santa 
Barbareno Indians. Two only were enumerated in 
1910, both in California. 



Santa Ynez. — ^The name by which the survivors of 
the several tribes in the vicinity of the Mission of 
Santa Ynez in Santa Barbara County, Cal., are known. 
The number enumerated in 1910 was 35, all in Cali- 
fornia. 

COSTANOAN STOCK. 

A stock now almost extinct, the few survivors not 
being returned by tribal names, but locaUy known as 
Santa Cruz Indians. The area formerly occupied by 
these Indians included that portion of California lying 
south of San Francisco and Suisan Bays, west of the 
San Joaquin River, and extending south to a little 
beyond Monterey. The Indians claiming to belong to 
this group, as enumerated in 1910, numbered 17, all in 
Cahfornia. 

CROATAX GROUP. 

The name given to a large group of persons living 
in North Carolina, chiefly in Robeson County. The 
Indian element in the Croatan is of uncertain and 
probably rather complex origin, so they can not be 
regarded as belonging to any single stock. The 
Croatan, as enumerated in 1910, niunbered 5,865, all 
in North Carohna. 

ESKIMAUAN STOCK. 

Stock as a whole. — An Alaskan stock (see p. 112), of 

which 56 members were enumerated in continental 

United States in 1910, represented by two tribes, as 

follows: 

Aleut. Malemiut. 

Aleut. — An Alaskan tribe of which 40 members, 
all in Oregon, were enumerated in continental United 
States m 1910. 

Malemiut. — Only 2 Indians, both in Oregon, were 
reported in continental United States in 1910 as be- 
longing to this Alaskan tribe, both females under 20 
years of age, of white and Eskimo parentage. 

Tribe not reported. — There were 14 Indians (7 males 
and 7 females) without tribal name reported as be- 
longing to tlris stock in 1910, distributed among the 
states as follows: Oklahoma, 10; Oregon, 3; Cali- 
fornia, 1. 

HAiDAN STOCK (syn. Skittagetan). 

An Alaskan stock (see p. 115), of which 31 members 
were enumerated in 1910 in continental United States. 
They were located in Oregon (25) and Washington (6), 
and were generally fishermen or pupils in Government 
schools. 

mOQUOIAN STOCK. 

Stock 05 a whole. — This, the second largest stock in 
point of numbers in the United States, occupied at the 
beginning of the seventeenth century two areas sepa- 
rated by only a short distance. One of these com- 
prised all of western New York, western New Jersey, 
and parts of Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and north- 
ern Oliio; the other extended over the whole of the 
soutliern AUeghenies in North and South Carohna, 
northern Georgia, and eastern Tennessee. In addi- 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



83 



tion to these areas in the United States, tribes of tliis 
stock occupied most of the peninsida region of Ontario 
and the shores of tlie St. LawTence as far dowii as 
Quebec or below. 

The Indians of the Iroquoian stock in the United 
States, as enumerated in 1910, numbered 39,679. To 
this figiu-e should be added probably about 1,500 to 
2,000 for Indians of this stock reported without dis- 
tinction of tribe, among the general popidation in New 
York, North CaroUna, Tennessee, South Carolina, and 
Oklahoma, making a probable total of over 41,000 in 
all. The tribes of this stock, for which members 
were reported, are as follows : 

Cayuga. Oneida. Seneca. 

Cherokee. Onondaga. Tuscarora. 

Mohawk. St. Regis. Wyandot. 

Cayuga. — One of the five tribes of the well-known 
Iroquois Confederacy. Their habitat, when first 
known to Europeans in the seventeenth century, was 
in the vicinity of Cayuga Lake, N. Y. At the close of 
the eighteenth century the majority emigrated to 
Canada, where they are now living on a reservation in 
Ontario. Of the remainder, part moved to Oklahoma 
and part to Wisconsin, where they are living with the 
Oneida, but were not returned as Cayuga in the present 
census. Those remaining in New York are located 
mainly on the Cattaraugus and Tonawanda Reserva- 
tions. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was SI, of which 53 
were in New York and 17 in Oklahoma. The Conunis- 
sioner of Indian Affairs reported 182 for this tribe in 
New York in 1910, and a practically stationary popular 
tion for the past 35 years. The great difference be- 
tween this figure and the census report is due probably 
to the enumeration by the census of many Indians 
without distinction of tribe among the general popula- 
tion. The figures for this tribe in New York since 
1875, as given in the Indian reports, are as follows: 



YEAR. 


Xnmber. 


YEAR. 


Number. 


1910 


182 
174 
167 
168 


1890 


181 


1905 


1885 


173 


1900 


1880 




1895 


1875 ... 


156 









Cherokee. — One of the largest and best known of the 
tribes of this stock. Their habitat, when first known 
to Europeans in the sixteenth century, comprised the 
region of the southern AUeghenies in northern Georgia 
and Alabama, eastern Tennessee, western South and 
North Carolina, and Virginia. Early in the nine- 
teenth century a portion of the tribe had moved west 
of the Mississippi to Arkansas, and the larger part of 
those remaining were forced to remove to Indian Terri- 
tory in 1S38. The larger portion of the tribe has since 
been located on the Cherokee Reservation in Okla- 
homa, the smaller eastern band being located mainly 
on the QuaUa Reservation in North Carolina. Scat^ 
tered individuals, however, are to be found through- 
out the whole of their early habitat. 



The number enumerated in 1910 was 31,489, of 
which 29,610 were in Oklahoma and 1,406 were in 
North Carolina. Comparison with previous years is 
difficult and uncertain, as all figures prior to 1900 are 
merely estimates and include an unknown number of 
intermarried whites and freedmen. In 1838, when 
forced to remove to Indian Territory, the total number 
removed amounted to over 16,500, which, with an 
estimate of 6,000 already there, makes a total of 
22,500. Included in this number, however, is an 
unlcnown number of freedmen and other persons. 
The estimated figures since 1875, taken from the re- 
ports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, are as 
follows: 



YEAR. 


Total. 


Okla- 
homa. 


North 
Carolina. 


Other 
states 
and ter- 
ritories. 


1910 


,t8.300 
34,059 
.32,376 
27,893 
28,000 
26,000 
21,920 
19,717 


36, 301 
32,604 
31,000 
25,000 
25,000 
23,000 
19,720 
17,217 


1,999 
1,455 
1.376 
1,479 
3,000 
3,000 
2,200 
2,500 




1903 




1900 




1895 


1,414 


1890 




1885 




1880 




1875 









Taking this total population, there has evidently 
been a steady increase in the 35 years, mainly, how- 
ever, among the Oklahoma branch. The increase is 
due to the mixed-bloods who now form nearly 80 per 
cent of the total population. The difference between 
the figures for Oklahoma reported by the Commis- 
sioner of Indian Affairs and those secured by the 
census is believed to be due to the fact that the former 
are based upon the enrollment under the Dawes Com- 
mission, which contained many errors. 

As the Cherokee constitutes numerically one of the 
most important examples of a tribe divided into two 
sections living under different conditions, figures for 
the Oklahoma and North Carolina Indians are given 
separately in Table 51 (p. 132). 

Mohawk. — A well-known tribe belonging to the 
Iroquois Confederacy. They were the most easterly 
of the five nations occupying the Mohawk Valley and 
the region north and south of it in New York. In the 
eighteenth century the majority of the tribe removed 
to Canada, those now in the United States being 
mainly mixed-bloods. The number enumerated in 
1910 was 368, of which 320 were in New York. 

Oneida. — One of the five tribes of the well-known 
Iroquois Confederacy. Their habitat, when first 
known to Europeans in the seventeenth century, was 
in the vicinity of Oneida Lake, in New York. At the 
end of the eighteenth century a portion emigrated to 
Ontario, Canada, where they still remain, and in 1846 
the majority of those hving in New York moved to 
Wisconsin where they are now located on the Oneida 
Reservation. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 2,436, of 
which 2,107 were in Wisconsin and 211 m New York. 
Comparable figures for this tribe in Wisconsin and 



84 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



New York are given in the reports of the Commis- 
sioner of Indian Affairs since 1875, as follows: 



YEAB. 


Wiscon- 
sin. 


New 
York. 




1910 


2,301 
2,087 
2,029 
1,841 


276 
261 
275 
266 




1905 




1900 




1895 









1885 
1880 
1875 



Wiscon- 
sin. 



1,716 
1,595 
1,492 
1,332 



New 
York. 



244 
243 
270 
251 



These figures show that the Wisconsin band has 
steadily increased, while the New York band has 
decreased or remained nearly stationary. A portion 
of the increase in Wisconsin may be due to immigra- 
tion of members of the tribe from Canada. 

As the Oneida illustrate well the difference often 
existing between two sections of a tribe living under 
diverse conditions, figures are given for the Wisconsin 
and New York sections separately in Table 51 (p. 
133). 

Onondaga. — One of the five tribes of the well-known 
Iroquois Confederacy. Their habitat, when first 
known to Europeans in the seventeenth century, was 
in the vicinity of Onondaga Lake, in western New 
.York. During the eighteenth century a large num- 
ber of the Onondaga emigrated to Ontario, Canada, 
those remaining in New York being located on the 
Onondaga, Seneca, and Tuscarora Reservations. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 365, of which 
327 were in New York. The reports of the Commis- 
sioner of Indian Affairs show the following figures for 
this tribe in New York: 



TEAE. 


Number. 


YEAR. 


Number. 




547 
556 
552 
534 


1890 


521 


1<tfU 


1885 


384 




1880 


538 


1895 


1875 


453 









St. Regis. — A group of Indians of mixed Iroquoian 
origin not forming a real tribe, but named from the 
village in which they have lived for a century and a 
half. The settlement lies on the international bound- 
ary line in St. Lawrence County, N. Y., and Ontario, 
Canada. 

The number enumerated in New York in 1910 was 
1,140 out of a total of 1,219. Comparative figures 
furnished by the reports of the Commissioner of 
Indian Affairs for this tribe in New York are as 
follows : 



YEAK. 


Number. 


YEAR. 


Number. 


1910 


1,368 

1 , l'»8 

1,154 
1,105 


1890 


1,051 


1905 


1885 


944 




1880 


785 


1895 


1875 


736 









It is evident from this that the St. Regis Iroquois 
have increased steadily since 1875, this increase being 
due almost entirely to the mixed-bloods. 

Seneca. — One of the five tribes of the well-known 
Iroquois Confederacy. Their habitat, when first 



known to Europeans in the seventeenth century, 
comprised a considerable area in western New York, 
lying west of Seneca Lake. Although a considerable 
number emigrated to Canada in the eighteenth cen- 
tury and later, the majority are now located on the 
AUegany and Cattaraugus and Tonawanda Reserva- 
tions in New York. A number are located at the 
Seneca School in Oklahoma and others in Pennsyl- 
vania. 

Of the 2,907 enumerated in 1910, 2,485 were in 
New York and 215 in Oklahoma. Comparison with 
the figures for previous years may be made as follows 
from the reports of the Commissioner of Indian 
Affairs : 



YEAR. 


Total. 


New 
York. 


Okla- 
homa. 


1910 


3,115 
3,106 
3,153 
2,981 
2,972 
2,950 
3,120 
3,197 


2,735 
2,746 
2,816 
2,693 
2,717 
2,711 
2,896 
2,957 


380 


1905 . 


360 


1900 


337 


1895 


288 


1890 


255 


1885 


239 


1880 


224 


1875 


240 







With allowance for the difference in methods of 
determining tribal affiliation, it would appear that on 
the whole the Seneca had remained about stationary 
in the last 35 years. On the basis of the figures 
reported by the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, the 
New York Senecas have decreased, whereas those in 
Oklahoma have increased. 

As the Seneca illustrate the difference often existing 
between two widely separated sections of a single 
tribe, figures are given for the New York and Okla- 
homa bands separately in Table 51 (p. 133). 

Tuscarora. — Formerly a large and important con- 
federacy or group of Iroquoian tribes, usually referred 
to, however, as a single tribe. Their habitat, when 
first known to Europeans in the seventeenth century, 
was in northeastern North Carolina, but early in the 
eighteenth century they moved to New York and were 
incorporated as a sixth nation with the Iroquois Con- 
federacy. Since the beginning of the nineteenth cen- 
tury they have been located mainly on the Tuscarora 
Reservation, Niagara County, N. Y., vnth a portion 
in Ontario, Canada. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 400, of which 
382 were in New York. Comparative figures for this 
tribe in New York, as shown by the reports of the 
Commissioner of Indian Affairs, are as follows: 



YEAR. 


Number. 


YEAR. 


Number. 


1010 


368 
364 
373 
378 
398 


188.5 


414 




1880 


423 


ItOO 


1875 


402 




1870 


42S 


1890 











Allowing for the differencos due 1o methods of 
determining tribal aUiliation, it would seem that the 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



85 



Tuscarora had changod but little in numbers in the 
last 40 3-oars. 

Wyandot (syn. Huron). — A tribe better known per- 
haps as the Huron. Wlien first known to Europeans 
early in the seventeenth century, they occupied a small 
area south and east of Georgian Bay in Ontario, Can- 
ada. Their history during the next 200 years is full 
of vicissitudes and wandering. In the early nineteenth 
century a portion of the tribe was located in Ohio, but 
in 1842 moved west to Kansas and later to a reserva- 
tion in northeastern Oklahoma, where they now reside. 
The remainder of the tribe is located near Quebec, 
Canada. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 353, of which 
320 were in Oklahoma. Comparison with previous 
years for that portion of the tribe in Oklahoma may 
be made from the reports of the Commissioner of Indian 
Affairs, as follows : 



TEAR. 


Number. 


TEAK. 


Number. 


1910 


372 
378 
339 
297 


1890 


288 


1905 


1885 


251 




1880 


251 


lS9o 


1875 


247 









These figures indicate a slow but steady increase in 
ntimbers since 1875, due, in all probability, mainly to 
mixed-bloods who already in 1886 formed nearly 40 
per cent of the total. 

Tribe not reported. — For 61 Indians (23 males and 
38 females) the only name given was "Iroquois," so 
that it was impossible to determine their tribal affilia- 
tion. They were distributed among the states as fol- 
lows: New York, 30; Oklahoma, 15; Ohio, 5; Minne- 
sota, 4; Montana, 4; Kansas, 2; Pennsylvania, 1. 

KALAPOOIAN STOCK. 

StocTc as a whole. — One of the smaller stocks of the 
Pacific coast. The area occupied comprised the 
greater part of the Willamette Valley in Oregon. 

The Indians of the Kalapooian stock, as enumerated 
in 1910, numbered 106. The stirviving tribes of this 
stock, for which members were reported, are as follows: 

Kalapooia. Santiam. Yamel. 

Lakmiut. Wapato. Yonkalla. 

Mary's River. 

Kalapooia. — A small tribe which has given its name 
to the stock. Their habitat at the beginning of the 
nineteenth century was the region of the divide 
between the Willamette and Umpqua Rivers in south- 
ern Linn and northern- Douglas Counties, Oreg. Since 
1860, or before, the remnant has been living on the 
Grande Ronde Reservation. The number enumerated 
in 1910 was 5, all in Oregon. 

Lakmiut. — A small tribe living at the beginning of 
the nineteenth century on the river of the same name 
in PoUc County, Oreg. Since about 1855 the remnant 
has been living on the Grande Ronde Reservation. 
The number euimierated in 1910 was 8, all in Oregon. 



Mary's River (syn. Chepenafa). — A small tribe Uving 
at the beginning of the nineteenth century on Mary's 
River in eastern Benton and western Linn Counties, 
Oreg. Since about 1855 the remnant has been located 
on the Grande Rondo Reservation. The number enu- 
merated in 1910 was 24, all in Oregon. 

Santiam. — A small tribe living at the beginning of 
the nineteenth century on the river of the same name 
in northern Linn and southern Marion Counties, Oreg. 
Since about 1855 the remnant has been located on the 
Grande Ronde Reservation. The number enumerated 
in 1910 was 9, all in Oregon. 

Wapato (syn. Atfalati). — A name of rather vague 
meaning applied to the remnants of several small 
tribes Hving at the beginning of the nineteenth century 
at or about the mouth of the Willamette River, Oreg. 
About 1855 the majority were placed on the Grande 
Ronde Reservation, where a remnant stiU survives. 
Of the 44 enumerated in 1910, 27 were in Washington 
and 17 in Oregon. 

Yamel. — A small tribe living at the beginning of the 
nineteenth century in Yamhill County, Oreg. Since 
1855 the remnant has been living on the Grande 
Ronde Reservation. Of the 5 enumerated in 1910, 
4 were in Oregon and 1 in Washington. 

Yonkalla. — A small tribe formerly living on Elk and 
Calapooya Creeks, Douglas County, Oreg. The tribe 
was removed about the middle of the nineteenth 
century to the Grande Ronde Reservation, where the 
survivors still remain. The number enumerated in 
1910 was 11, all in Oregon. 

KAROK STOCK (syn. Quoratean). 

A tribe also known as Orleans and constituting by 
itself a distinct Hnguistic stock. Their habitat, since 
laiown to Europeans, has been in northern CaUfornia, 
in the valley of the Klamath River, above the Yurok 
or Weitchpec and below the Shasta. The Karok, as 
enumerated in 1910, numbered 775, aU in California. 

KERESAN STOCK. 

Stock as a whole. — One of the three "pueblo" stocks 
of the Southwest. The area occupied by Indians of 
this stock was on and in the vicinity of the Rio Grande 
River in northern New Mexico. 

The Indians of the Keresan stock, as enumerated in 
1910, numbered 4,027. The pueblos occupied by 
them, for which members were reported, are as follows: 

Acoma. San Felipe. Santo Domingo. 

Cochiti. Santa Ana. Sia. 

Laguna. 

Acoma. — A pueblo and tribe of this stock located, 
at least since the beginning of the sixteenth century, 
in Valencia County, N. Mex., and numbering 691 in 
1910. 

It appears from figures taken from the reports of 
the Commissioner of Indian Affairs (given only at 
irregular intervals) that this tribe has increased con- 



86 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



siderably in the last 50 years. The figures are as 
follows : 



TEAK. 


Number. 


TEAK. 


Number. 


1904 


737 
492 
597 


1881 


582 




1871 


436 


1890 


1860 


523 









Cochiti. — A tribe aind pueblo located since the six- 
teenth century on the Rio Grande River, in Sandoval 
County, N. Mex., an,d numbering 237 in 1910. 

Since 1860 the figures available from the reports of 
the Commissioner of Indian Affairs for this tribe are 
as follows: 



TEAK. 


Number. 


YEAR. 


Number. 


1900 


198 
285 
271 
400 


1871 


243 




1864 


229 


1881 


1860 


172 


1874 











Laguna. — A tribe and pueblo of this stock located 
in Valencia County, N. Mex. The number enumerated 
in 1910 was 1,472, of which 1,441 were in New Mexico. 
Since 1860 the figures given for this tribe in New Mexico 
in the reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs 
are as follows: 



YEAR. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 


1900 


. 1,077 


1871 


927 


1890 


986 

968 


1860 


927 


1881 











San Felipe. — A pueblo located on the Rio Grande 
River in Sandoval County, N. Mex. The number 
enumerated in 1910 was 490, all in New Mexico. Com- 
parative figures since 1860 are shown in the reports of 
the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, as follows: 



TEAR. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 


1900 


514 
499 
667 


1871 


482 


1890 


1860 


360 


1881 











Santa Ana. — A pueblo located on the Jemez River in 
Sandoval County, N. Mex. The Santa Ana, as enu- 
merated in 1910, numbered 211, all in New Mexico. 
Comparative figures since 1860 are shown in the reports 
of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, as follows: 



YEAR. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 


1900 


228 
271 
4S9 


1871 


373 


1890 


1860 


316 


1881 











Santo Domingo. — A pueblo located on the Rio 
Grande River in Sandoval County, N. Mex. The 
Santo Domingo, as enumerated in 1910, numbered 817, 
all in New Mexico. Comparative figures since 1860 are 
shown in the reports of the Commissioner of Indian 
Affairs, as foUows: 



TEAR. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 


1900 


771 

969 

1,129 


1871 


735 


1S90 


1S60 


261 


ISSl 











Sia. — A pueblo and tribe located since the sixteenth 
century on the Jemez River, in Sandoval County, 
N. Mex. The Sia, as enumerated in 1910, numbered 
109, all in New Mexico. The following figures, taken 
from the reports of the Commissioner of Indian Afl'airs, 
show comparisons back to 1860: 



YEAR. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 


1900 


114 
110 

58 


1871 


121 


1890 


I860 


117 


18S1 











KIOWAN STOCK. 

A tribe which of itself apparently constitutes an 
independent linguistic stock. Their habitat in the 
early eighteenth century was in southern Montana and 
northwestern Wyoming, but, since known to Euro- 
peans, they have been Hving farther south in Nebraska 
and eastern Colorado. Since 1868 they have been 
located with the Comanche, the Kiowa Apache, and 
the southern Caddoan tribes on the Kiowa and 
Comanche Reservation in Oklahoma. The Kiowa 
have, ever since li^dng in Montana, been very closely 
affihated with the small Athapaskan tribe, commonly 
known as Kiowa Apache. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 1,126, of which 
1,107 were in Oklahoma. Comparing these figures 
with those given by the Commissioner of Indian Af- 
fairs for this tribe in Oklahoma, it is apparent that 
there has been an increase since 1875. The drop be- 
tween 1890 and 1895 was due to a serious epidemic in 
1892. The figures are as follows: 



TEAR. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 


1910 


1,366 
1,195 
1,136 
1,037 
1 140 


1885 


1,169 




1880 


1,139 




1875 


1.070 


1895 


1870 


1,896 


1890 











KUSAN STOCK (syn. Coos Bay Indians). 

A single tribe forming a stock by itself. The habitat 
of this tribe, when iu-st known to Europeans m the be- 
ginning of the nineteenth century, was m the vicinity 
of Coos Bay, Coos County, Orcg. The Kusa at first 
were gathered at the Alsea Reservation and later trans- 
ferred to Siletz, where a small remnant still survives. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 93, all in Ore- 
gon. In the reports of the Commissioner of Indian 
Affairs the Kusa have not been shown separately since 
1881. In 1868 there were 176 at Alsea, which had 
decreased to 1.35 in 1870 and to 120 in 1875. In 1881 
only 73 were returned at Siletz. 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



87 



KlTENAiAX .STOCK (Kutoii;i_y, Kootenai). 

A tribo which by itself apparently constitutes an cn- 
tii-e linguistic stock. Their traditional home was in 
northern Montana and southern Alberta, east of the 
Eocky Mountams. From here they moved west across 
the mountams, and since the beginning of the nine- 
teenth century, when first known to Europeans, they 
have occupied a portion of southeastern British Colum- 
bia and the adjacent parts of northwestern Idaho and 
Montana. Most of the Kutenai in the United States 
are located on the Flathead Eeservation m Montana. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 538, of which 
424 were in Montana and 107 in Idaho. Comparisons 
with previous years are of little value, owmg to the 
u-regular character of the returns for this tribe in the 
reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs. So 
far as can be judged from the figures, however, the 
number of the Kutenai in the United States has stood 
almost stationar}^ since 1S75. 

LUTUAMIAN STOCK. 

StocTc as a wliole. — One of the smaller of the Pacific 
Coast stocks. It occupied a compact area in southern 
Oregon and extreme northern California just east of 
the Cascades. 

The Indians of the Lutuamian stock, as enumerated 
in 1910, numbered 978. The tribes of this stock, for 
which members were reported, are as foUows: 
Klamath. Modoc. 

lUamath. — The most northerly of the two tribes com- 
posing this stock. Their habitat, since known to 
Europeans in the early part of the nineteenth century, 
has been in Klamath County, Oreg., mainly about and 
to the east of Klamath Lake. Since 1864 they have 
been located on the Klamath Reservation in that 
state. 

The nimiber emmaerated in 1910 was 696,. of which 
646 were in Oregon. Comparable figures for that por- 
tion of the tribe in Oregon, as shown by the reports of 
the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, are as follows: 



compiled from the reports of the Commissioner of 
Indian Affairs, gives comparable figures for the por- 
tions of the tribe in Oregon and Oklahoma: 





TEAE. 


Number. 


1909 


658 




755 


1900 


721 







Modoc. — The southernmost of the two tribes consti- 
tuting this stock. Their earhest known habitat was 
in northwestern Siskiyou and northwestern Modoc 
Counties, Cal., and southern Klamath and Lake Coun- 
ties, Oreg. In 1864 they were placed on the lOamath 
Reservation, Oreg., but after the Modoc War of 
1872-73 a portion of the tribe was carried to the Qua- 
paw Reservation in Oklahoma. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 282, of which 
212 were in Oregon, 33 in Oklahoma, 20 in CaUfornia, 
and the remainder scattering. The following table, 



TEAR. 


Oregon. 


Okla- 
homa. 


iqOO 


216 


62 




223 
228 


£6 


1000 


49 







MAiDU STOCK (syii. Pujunan). 

A group of Indians without definite tribal divisions 
and no distinctiA^e popular name. They have occupied 
since earliest traditional times a considerable area in 
northeastern California, which may be roughly defined 
as extendmg east and west from the crest of the Sierra 
Nevada to the Sacramento River, and from north to 
south from Lassen Butte to the Cosumnes River. In the 
early fifties a small portion of these Indians was taken 
to Round Valley Reservation where, under the name 
of Concow, a remnant still survives. The great bulk 
of the stock, however, is scattered widely over the 
original territory and is not located oh any reservation. 

The general term "Digger" is used locally for these 
Indians as a rule, Concow and Nishinam being other 
local names, the latter generally restricted to the 
southern portion of the stock south of the Yuba River. 

TheMaidu, as enumerated in 1910, numbered 1,100, 
of which 1,098 were in California. 

MiwoK STOCK (syn. Moquelumnan). 

Stock as a whole. — The tribes of the Miwok stock 
occupy three small separate areas in California. The 
largest extends from east to west from the crest of the 
Sierra Nevada to the San Joaquin River, and from 
north to south from the Cosumnes to the Fresno 
River; the second occupies part of Marin, Sonoma, and 
Napa Counties, and the third a small area in Lake 
County. 

The Indians of the Miwok stock, as enmnerated in 
1910, numbered 699. The tribes of this stock, for 
which members were reported, are as foUows: 
Marin. Middle Town. Miwok. 

Marin. — The westernmost of the two smaller sub- 
divisions of this stock. Their habitat, since known to 
Europeans in the sixteenth century, has been in Marin 
and soutjhem Sonoma Counties, Cal. They came un- 
der the influence of the San Rafael, San Francisco, 
Solano, and Dolores Missions at the end of the eight- 
eenth and the begiiming of the nineteenth centuries. 
The few survivoi-s are scattered throughout this area, 
the number enumerated in 1910 being 22, all in Cali- 
fornia. 

Middle Town. — A small fragment of this stock lo- 
cated, since known to Europeans, in the extreme 
southern part of Lake County, Cal., and numbering 7 
persons in 1910. 



88 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



Miwok. — The main and largest subcliA^ision of this 
stock. They have no distinctive popular name, being 
usually known only by the meaningless term of" Digger 
Indians." Their habitat, since kno^vn to Europeans 
in the eighteenth century, has been in central Califor- 
nia, and may be rouglily described as extending north 
and south from the Cosumnes River to Fresno Creek, 
and east and west from the crest of the Sierras to the 
San Joaquin Eiver. The ]\Iiwok, as enumerated in 
1910, numbered 670, of which 669 were in CaUfornia 
and 1 in Nevada. 

MUSKHOGEAN STOCK. 

Stock as a whole. — One of the five largest stocks in 
the United States. At the time first kno\vn to Euro- 
peans, in the sixteenth century, it occupied a compact 
single area comprising the largest part of Mississippi, 
Alabama, and western and southern Georgia, together 
with the northern half of Florida. 

The Indians of the Muskhogean stock, as enumerated 
in 1910, numbered 29,191. To this figure should be 
added perhaps 1,500 for Indians of this stock reported 
without distinction of tribe among the general popula- 
tion in Alabama, Mssissippi, Georgia, Florida, and 
Oklahoma, making a probable total of between 30,000 
and 31,000. The tribes of this stock, for which mem- 
bers were reported, ai-e as follows: 

Alibamu. Choctaw. Koasati. 

Chickasaw. Creek. Seminole. 

Alihamu. — A tribe closely related to the Koasati and 
formerly belonging to the Creek Confederacy. Their 
earliest known habitat was on the lower Alabama 
River in Alabama. At the end of the eighteenth cen- 
tury and in the early portion of the nineteenth centm-y 
part of the tribe removed to Louisiana, part to Polk 
County, Tex., and part followed the Ci-eeks to Indian 
Territory. The remnants are now found in all three 
of these localities, only those in Oklalioma being located 
on any reservation. These latter were not enumerated 
as Alibamu by the census. The number reported in 
1910 was 298, of which 187 were in Texas and 111 in 
Louisiana. 

Cfdckasaw. — One of the larger tribes of this stock 
whose early habitat was in northern Mississippi. By 
the begiiming of the nineteenth century they began to 
move westward to what is now Oklahoma, and in 1855 
were given a separate reservation there. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 4,204, of which 
4,191 were in Oklahoma. Comparison with earher 
years is made difficult by the fact that until 1898 the 
Chickasaw were not returned in the reports of the 
Commissioner of Indian iVffairs separate from freed- 
men (Negroes) and intermarried whites.'f Since 1898 
the figures for this tribe in Oklahoma are as follows: 



YEAR. Number. 


YE.\R. 


Number. 




1905 


5,474 


1909 5» 735 


1903 


4,059 


1907 1 5,684 


1898 


4,230 









The large difference between the figures reported by 
the Cormnissioner of Indian Affairs and those secured 
by the census in 1910, is due probably to the fact that 
the former are founded largely on the enrollment under 
the Dawes Commission, which contained many errors. 

Choctaw. — A large tribe whose early habitat in- 
cluded the larger part of central and southern Missis- 
sippi and part of Alabama. By the end of the 
eighteenth century they had begun to move west, and 
by the middle of the nineteenth century the majority 
of the tribe was located on the Choctaw Reservation 
in Oklahoma. A portion remained behind, however, 
and are living to-day in northern Mississippi and 
Louisiana. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 15,917, of 
which 14,551 were in Oklahoma. Comparison with 
previous years is not possible for this tribe as a whole, 
as the reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs 
contain figures for only that portion of the tribe in 
Oklahoma. The figures for Oklahoma are question- 
able, however (the number in 1910 being 17,489 as 
against 14,551 reported by the census), as they are 
based to a large extent on the enrollment of the tribe 
under the Dawes Commission, which, as before stated, 
contained many errors. 

Creek. — ^A group or loose confederacy of tribes for- 
merly occupying a large part of Alabama and Georgia 
and portions of northern Florida. Between 1836 and 
1840 the majority of the tribe was removed to Okla- 
homa, where a reservation was set apart for them on 
which they still live. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 6,945, of which 
6,654 were in Oklahoma. The 34 members of this tribe 
who were returned in Montana probably belong to the 
Cree instead of the Creek, the similarity in names 
causing the error. 

Tliis is another tribe in which there is a wide dis- 
crepancy between the figures of the reports of the 
Commissioner of Indian Affairs and the census, the 
figures for Oklahoma in 1910 being 11,911 in the for- 
mer as against 6,654 reported by the latter. The 
census may have been somewhat defective, but the 
figures of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, based 
upon the enrollment under the Dawes Commission, are 
certainly too high. 

Koasati. — A tribe very closely allied to the Ahbamu 
and living in the eighteenth century on the upper 
jVlabama River, Ala. Before the beginning of the 
nineteenth century they had begun to move west of 
the Mississippi into Louisiana and Texas, where their 
remnants still remain. The Koasati, as enumerated in 
1910, numbered 98, distributed as follows: Louisiana, 
85; Texas, 11; and Nebraska, 2. 

Seminole. — A name apphed to Indians of this stock, 
mainly*^ members of the Creeks, who emigrated to 
Florida early in the eighteenth centmy. In the middle 
of the ninotcenth century the majority of the tribe was 
removc4 to Oklahoma, where a reservation was set 
apart for them. A portion stiU remains in southern 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



89 



Florida and a small band, niainl)- of Nogro blood, are 
located in southwestern Texas. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 1,729, dis- 
tributed as follows: Oldahoma, 1,503; Texas, 200; 
Florida, 16; and scattering, 10. The number in 
Florida is much too small. The majority of the tribe 
are located in inaccessible portions of the Everglades 
and are very hostile still toward the whites, allowing 
no persons in their territory. The number of Sem- 
inoles thus unenumerated is estimated by a competent 
observer, who has been one of the few whites to be 
allowed to pass through the region, at about 200 to 
250. This would bring the tribal number in the United 
States to nearly 2,000. 

This is the only one of the Five Civilized Tribes 
which, according to the figures in the reports of the 
Commissioner of Indian Affairs, shows a decrease in 
population. These figures, like those of the other Five 
Civihzed Tribes, are based upon the enrollment under 
the Dawes Commission, and are much larger than 
those reported by the census, the figures for the tribe 
in Oklahoma in 1910 being 2,137 from the Indian 
reports and 1,503 from the census. 

PIMAN STOCK. 

Stock as a whole. — The area occupied by this stock 
in the United States lies whoUy in southwestern 
Arizona. The number enumerated in 1910 was 8,607. 
The tribes of this stock, for which members were 
reported, are as follows: 

Mayo. Papago. Yaqui. 

Opata. Pima. 

Mayo. — A tribe whose habitat is on the !Mayo River, 
in Sinaloa, Mexico. A small number have in recent 
years emigrated to Arizona where they are now living, 
mainly with the Pima and Papago. The !Mayo in the 
United States, as enumerated in 1910, numbered 40, 
all in iirizona. 

Opaki,. — A tribe whose habitat comprises the region 
of the upper Yaqui and Sonora Rivers, in Sonora and 
western Chihuahua, ilexico. A small number have 
emigrated to the United States, where the number 
enumerated in 1910 was 5, all in Arizona. 

Papago. — A tribe which has long been closely asso- 
ciated with the Pima. Their habitat, since the six- 
teenth century, has been the region south of Tucson, 
Ariz., extending southward into Mexico. For many 
years they have been in part gathered on the Gila 
Bend and Papago Reservations. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 3,798, of which 
3,785 were in Arizona. Figures for comparison are 
uncertain back of 1900. Between 1870 and 1890 the 
Papago were estimated variously at from 5,000 to 
7,000. In 1900 there were 1,789 actually enumerated 
on the reservation, and an estimated 2,100 others who 
were nomadic. In 1909 there were 1 ,755 on the reserve 
and 2,225 returned as nomadic. In the last 10 years, 
therefore, the Papago have apparently remained nearly 



stationary in number, but have probably decreased 
somewhat since 1870. 

Pima. — One of the largest tribes of this stock in the 
United States. Their habitat, since they fii'st became 
known to Europeans in the sixteenth century, has been 
in the valleys of the Salt and GUa Rivers in southern 
Arizona. For many years they have been located on 
the Gila and Salt River Reservations. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 4,236, of which 
4,167 were in Arizona. The following table, compiled 
from the reports of the Commissioner of Indian Afl'airs, 
gives comparative figures for this tribe in Arizona 
back to 1890, all figures prior to that year being merely 
estimates: 



YEAR. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 


1910 


4,305 
3,900 
4,350 


1895 


4 266 


1905 


1890 


4 421 


1900 











Yaqui. — A large tribe whose habitat is now mainly 
in southern Sonora, Mexico. A considerable number 
have in consequence of oppression in Mexico emigrated 
to Ai-izona -within the last few years, in which state 
489 were enumerated in 1910 out of a total of 528. 
The remaiuder were in Cahfornia (38) and Oklahoma 

(1). 

POMO STOCK (syn. Kulanapan). 

StocTc as a whole. — A Californian stock hving in the 
Coast Ranges north of San Francisco, in parts of 
Mendocino, Lake, Colusa, Glenn, and Sonoma Counties. 

The Indians of the Porno stock, as enumerated in 
1910, numbered 1,193. The tribes of this stock, for 
which members were reported, are as follows: 

Clear Lake. Little Lake. Porno. 

Gynomelixo. Lower Lake. 

Clear Lake. — A name apphed somewhat vaguely to 
those Pomo living about Clear Lake, in Lake County, 
Cal., of which the number eniunerated in 1910 was 193. 

GynomeJiro (syn. Gallinomero) . — A subdivision of 
this stock formerly occupying part of the lower 
Russian River Valley in Sonoma County, Cal. In the 
early part of the nineteenth centurj^ they came under 
the influence of the Mission of San Rafael, but have 
not been located on any reservation. The number 
enmnerated in 1910 was 33, all in California. 

Little Lake. — A group of the Pomo, formerly living 
in Little Lake Valley, Mendocino Comity, Cal. For 
many years the majority have been located on the 
Round Valley Reservation. The number enumerated 
in 1910 was 94, of which 84 were in California. 

Lower Lake. — A term appHed loosely to that portion 
of the stock living in the vicinity of Little Lake, Lake 
Count}^ Cal., and numbering 96 in 1910. 

Pomo. — A name applied to several small tribes 
belonging to this stock and also used as the stock name 
for the entire stock. The area occupied by the Pomo 
tribes proper comprises a considerable portion of 



90 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES 



southern Mendocino, western Lake, and northern 
Sonoma Counties, Cal. In the present census the 
subdivisions of the stock were enumerated under their 
respective names as Clear Lake, Little Lake, etc., 
but it is probable that a small proportion of these 
were enumerated simply as Pomo and, if so, the totals 
for the subdivisions are incomplete to that extent. 
The number enumerated in 1910 as Pomo were 777, 
of which 776 were in California and 1 in Arizona. 

SALINAN STOCK. 

A name apphed for convenience to the remnants of 
the Indians of this stock formerly connected with the 
Mission of San Antonio, Monterey County, Cal., and 
known as San Antonio. The number enumerated in 
1910 was only 16, all in California. 

SALISHAN STOCK. 

Steele as a whole. — The tribes of this stock extended 
over a large area covering most of northern and western 
Washington, northern Idaho, and the northwestern 
corner of Oregon, and extending a considerable dis- 
tance north of the international boundary in British 
Columbia. 

The Indians of the Salishan stock in the United 
States, as enumerated in 1910, numbered 7,83.3. To 
this figure should be added probably nearly 1,000 for 
Indians of this stock reported without distinction of 
tribe among the general population in Wasliington and 
Idaho. The tribes of this stock, for which members 
were reported, are as follows: 



Bellacoola. 


Lummi. 


Skagit. 


ChehaUs. 


Methow. 


Skokomish. 


Clallam. 


Muckleshoot. 


Snohomish. 


Coeur d'Alene. 


Nespelim. 


Snoqualmu 


Columbia. 


NisqualU. 


Songish. 


Colville. 


Nooksak. 


Spokan. 


Comox. 


Okinagan. 


Squaxon. 


Cowichan. 


Pisquow. 


Suquamish. 


Cowlitz. 


Puyallup. 


Swinomish. 


Dwamish. 


Quinaielt. 


Tillamook. 


Flathead. 


Sanpoil. 


Twaua. 


Kalispel. 


Shuswap. 





Bellacoola. — A British Columbian tribe of tliis stock, 
living on Dean Inlet and Bellacoola Eiver. Two 
females, one of fuU-tribal blood and one white half- 
breed, were enumerated in Washington in 1910. 

ClieJialis (syn. Humptulip, Satsop, Georgetown). — 
A name of rather variable meaning appUed to a series 
of small tribes formerly occupying most of the area 
tributary to the streams flowing into Grays and 
WiUapa Harbors in western Washington. These 
various tribes were known as Chchalis (Upper 
and Lower), Georgetown, Humptulip, and Satsop. 
The majority have for many years been located on 
the Chchalis Reservation, but many are scattered 
throughout their whole former territorj-. 



The number enumerated in 1910 was 282, of which 
279 were in Washington and 3 in Oregon. Comparison 
with earlier years may be made from the reports of the 
Commissioner of Indian Affairs for this tribe in 
Washington, as follows: 



YEAR. 


Numher. 


TEAK. 


Number. 


1910.. 


272 
270 
219 
212 


1890 


252 


1905 


1885 


287 


1900.. 


1880 


'^^ 


1895 


1875 









1 Chehalis proper. 

It would appear from the above table that the 
ChehaUs have about held their own for the last 35 
years. 

ClaUam. — ^A tribe belonging to the Lummi group of 
this stock and occupying, since first known to Euro- 
peans, the south side of the Strait of Juan de Fuca, 
Wash., except the region around Cape Flattery which 
was occupied by the Makah. They have never been 
located on a reservation. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 398, of which 
383 were in Washington. Comparison vnih earlier 
years may be made from the reports of the Commis- 
sioner of Indian Affairs for this tribe in Washington 
back to 1S70, as follows: 



TEAR. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 


1910 


316 
367 
331 
317 
3-15 


1885 


380 


1905 


1880 


525 


1900 


1875 


575 


1895 


1870 


630 


1890 











From the above table it appears that the Clallam 
decreased nearly 50 per cent in the 25 years between 
1870 and 1895, but that since then have increased 
slightly again. 

Coeur d'Alene. — A small tribe which occupied the 
area about the lake and river of the same name in 
northern Idaho. Since 1875 they have been located 
on the Coeur d'Alene Reservation in that state. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 293, of which 
284 were in Idaho. Comparative figures for this 
tribe in Idaho are available from the reports of the 
Commissioner of Indian Affaire as far back as 1880, 
as follows : 



YEAR. 


Number. 


YE.1R. 


Number. 


1910 


537 
494 
450 
492 


1890 


422 




1885 


442 


1900 


1880 


450 


1895 











Tlio difference between the figures given by the 
Commissioner of Indian Affairs and those secured by 
the census is due probably in largo part to differences 
in method of determining tribal affiliation, but also 
due probably to some omissions. 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



91 



Columbia (syn. Sinkiuso).- — ^A name of somewhat 
uncertain application, generally used, however, to 
apply to the Indians of this stock occupying, at the 
time when first kno^v^l to Europeans, the area in 
Washington east of the Columbia River from the 
mouth of the Okanogan to below Priests Rapids and 
comprising the gi'catcr part of Douglas County and 
portions of Lincoln and Adams Counties. For many 
years they have been located mainly on the Colville 
Reservation. 

Tlie number enumerated in 1910 was 385, of which 
333 were in Washington and 52 in Oregon. Compari- 
son with earlier ycai-s is of little value prior to 1890. 
The figures given in the reports of the Commissioner 
of Indian Affairs for this tribe in Washington are as 
f ollo\\'s : 



YEAR. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 




521 
279 
292 


189.5 


313 


1905" 


1891 


406 


1900 











The difference between the figures of the Commis- 
sioner of Indian Affairs and those obtained by the 
census is due probably to the inclusion in the former 
of several other tribes, such as the Pisquow, etc. 

Colville (syn. Senijextee). — Formerly a large tribe 
whose habitat, when first known to Europeans, com- 
prised an area in eastern Washington which may be 
described as including the valley of the Columbia 
River and its tributaries from a little above the mouth 
of Spokane River to the Canadian line. For about 40 
years they have been located on the Colville Reserva- 
tion. In the present census the Senijexti, or Lakes, 
were unfortunately nearly all enumerated as Colville 
and the following figures therefore include both tribes. 

The Colville and Senijexti together, as enumerated 
in 1910, numbered 785, of which 717 were in Wash- 
ington. 

The reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs 
give the following figures for the Colville and Lakes 
combined in the state of Washington: 



TEAR. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 


1910 




712 
635 
609 


1895 


551 




1890 


550 


1900 











Comox. — A British Columbian tribe of this stock, 
living in the central portion of the eastern coast of 
Vancouver Island. A single member of this tribe 
was enumerated in 1910 in Washington, a female of 
full-tribal blood. 

Cowichan. — A group of tribes occupjdng the south- 
eastern coast of Vancouver Island and the delta and 
lower vaUey of the Eraser River, British Columbia. 
They are closely related to the Nooksak and Lummi, 



and those in the United States are living mainly among 
these tribes. The Cowichan in the United States, as 
enumerated in 1910, numbered 62, all in Washington. 

Cowlitz. — A small tribe belonging to the Chehalis 
group of this stock. Their habitat, when first known 
to Europeans, was on the Cowhtz River in Cowhtz and 
Lewis Counties, Wash. For many years they have 
been located mainly on the Puyallup Reservation. 
The number enumerated in 1910 was 105, all in Wash- 
ington. 

Dwamish. — A small tribe belonging to the Nisqualli 
group of this stock, formerly occupying the region near 
the outlet of Lake Washington in the vicinity of 
Seattle, Wash. Since 1860 or before they have been 
located on the Tulalip Reservation. The name has 
been improperly apphed to several other bands or 
tribes of this area. The number enumerated in 1910 
was 20, of which 19 were in Washington and 1 in 
Oregon. 

Flathead (syn. SaHsh). — The easternmost tribe of 
this stock. Their earliest habitat was apparently the 
southwestern corner of Montana. Smce about 1860 
they have been located at the Flathead Reservation in 
Montana. The name Flathead has been applied to 
many different tribes in various parts of the United 
States and is therefore by itself, without definite 
meaning. For many years, however, it has been most 
commonly used in coimection mth this group of the 
Sahshan stock. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 486, of which 
400 were m Montana. Comparison with previous 
years is of httle value, owing to the irregularities of the 
returns for the Flathead Reservation. As given in the 
reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, the only 
comparable figures for this tribe in Montana since 1875 
are as follows: 



TEAR. 


Number. 


1905 


557 


1885 - 


450 




681 







Kalispel (syn. Pend d'Oreilles).— With the Flat- 
head, the easternmost tribes of this stock. Their early 
habitat included the region about the Flathead and 
Pend d'Oredles Lakes in northwestern Montana and 
northern Idaho. They also probably occupied a small 
area adjacent in northeastern Washington. Since 
1865 or earUer they have been located mainly at the 
Flathead Reservation in Montana, a portion more 
recently on the ColviUe Reseiwation in Washington. 
The use of the two names, Kalispel and Pend d'OreiUes, 
has been somewhat variable. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 564, of which 
386 were in Montana and 157 in Washington. Com- 
parisons with earlier years are difficult, owing to the 
imcertainty in the use of names for this tribe. Since 



92 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



1875 the numbers as given in the reports of the Com- 
missioner of Indian Affairs for this tribe in Montana 
and Washington are as follows : 



YEAR. 


Montana. 


Washing- 
ton. 


TZiE. 


Montana. Washing- 


1905 


640 

886 


295 
434 


1880 


895 
850 


400 


1885 


1875 


395 









Lummi. — The tribe from which the Lummi group of 
this stock takes its name. Their habitat, when first 
known to Europeans, comprised the San Juan Islands 
and the vicuaity of Bellingham Bay in San Juan and 
Whatcom Coimties, Wash. In 1S55 a reservation was 
set apart for them on the west side of BeUingham Bay. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 353, of which 
348 were in Washington. The following table shows 
figures taken from the reports of the Commissioner of 
Indian Affairs for this tribe in Washington as far back 
as 1885: 



YEAH. 


Number. 


YEAR. 


Number. 


1910 


453 
412 
322 


1895 


338 


1905 


1890 


295 


1900 


1885 











It appears probable that there has been a shght in- 
crease in this tribe in the last 25 years. 

Methow. — A small tribe closely afhhated with the 
Columbia. Their habitat included the valley of the 
MethowRiver and vicinity of Lake Chelan in Okanogan 
and Chelan Counties, Wash. For many years they 
have been located mainly on the Colville Reservation. 
The Methow, as enumerated in 1910, numbered 14, 
all in Washington. 

MucklesTioot. — A name applied to a somewhat indefi- 
nite group of Indians (probably a part of the Dwam- 
ish) belonging to the Nisqualli group of this stock. 
They have been located for 40 or 50 years on the 
Muckleshoot Reservation, King County, Wash. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 194, of which 
191 were in Washington and 3 in Oregon. Comparable 
figm-es for this tribe in Washington are furnished by 
the reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs as 
far back as 1870, as follows: 



YEAR. 


Number. 


YEAR. 


Number. 


1910 


163 
155 
145 
159 


1890 


103 


1905 


1885 . 


1900 


1870 


144 


1895 











The above table indicates a gradual increase in this 
"tribe" since 1890, but it is uncertain whether it is 
due to a gradual growth or to the gradual coming into 
the reservation of Indians formerly scattered. 

Nespelim. — A small tribe or subdivision of the San- 
poU living on the Nespelim River in Okanogan County, 
Wash. For many years they have been with the San- 



poil on the Colville Reservation. The number enu- 
merated in 1910 was 46, all in Washington. 

This tribe was not enumerated by the Commissioner 
of Indian Affairs prior to 1891. At that date they 
were returned as 59, in 1905 as 41, and in 1910 as 45. 

NisquaUi. — A small tribe from which the Nisqualli 
group of this stock takes its name. Their habitat in 
the early part of the nineteenth century was in the 
vicinity of the NisquaUi River in Thurston and Pierce 
Counties, Wash. For 50 years or more they have been 
located largely on the NisquaUi Reservation. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 137, of which 
129 were in Washington and 8 in Oregon. Figures 
taken from the reports of the Commissioner of Indian 
Affairs show that there has been a considerable de- 
crease in this tribe in the last 40 years. The figures 
for the tribe in Washington are as foUows: 



TEAR. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 


1910 


146 
146 
107 
118 
94 


1885.... 
1880.... 




180 


1905 


164 


1900 


1875.... 
1870.... 


•' • 


150 


1895 


208 


1890 









NooJcsak. — A smaU interior tribe (perhaps a subdi- 
vision of the Suquamish) belonging to the Cowichan 
group of this stock. Their habitat, since first known, 
has been upon the Nooksak River in Whatcom County, 
Wash. They have never been located on anj' reserva- 
tion. The Nooksak, as enumerated in 1910, numbered 
85, aU in Washington. 

Okinagan. — A large tribe occupying in the early 
nineteenth centuiy the region about the upper portion 
of Okanogan River and Lake in eastern Washington 
and British Columbia. For many years the Okinagan 
in the United States have been located on the Colville 
Reservation. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 272, of which 
256 were in Washington. The foUowing table, com- 
pUed from the reports of the Commissioner of Indian 
Affairs, shows comparative figures for this tribe in 
Washington back to 1885: 



YEAR. 


Number. 


YEAR. 


Number. 


1910 


538 
692 
575 


1895 


562 


1905 


1890 


374 


1900 


1885 


300 









The variation in the figures in the above table is so 
great as to make any conclusions of little worth. The 
larger figm-es are due, without much doubt, to the 
inclusion of Indians reiiUy belonging to other tribes. 

Pisquow. — A small tribe closely affiliated with the 
Columbia. Their habitat mcludod the basins of the 
Wenatchee and Pisquow Rivers in Chelan County, 
Wash. The name has been used also to include the 
Methow. For many j'ears the Pisquow have been 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



93 



located on the Yakima Reservation. Tiie niuubcr 
enumerated in 1910 was 52, all in Washington. 

PuyaUup. — A tribe belonging to the Nisqualli 
gronp of this stock. Their habitat in the early part 
of the nineteenth century M^as in the vicinity of the 
present city of Tacoma, Wash. For about 50 years 
they have been mainly located on the Puyallup 
Reservation. 

The niuuber enumerated in 1910 was 303, of which 
278 were In Washington. The following table shows 
figures for this tribe in Washington, as given in the 
reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, as 
far back as 1870: 



TEAK. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 


1910 


461 
498 
556 
635 
611 


1885 


569 


1905 


1880 


520 


1900 


1875 


579 


1895 


1870 


478 


1890 











The table indicates an increase in nimabers up to 
1895, since which year there has been a steady 
decrease. 

Quinaielt. — ^A small tribe belonging to the Chehalis 
group of this stock and located, since known to 
Europeans, on the Quinaielt River and adjacent coast 
in western ChehaUs County, Wash. In 1855 the 
Quinaielt Reservation was set apart for them on which 
they have continued to reside. The Quaitso, a portion 
of this tribe Hving just north of the Quinaielt on 
Queets River in Jefferson County, were enumerated 
with them in 1910. 

The Quinaielt with the Quaitso, as enumerated in 
1910, numbered 288, of which 287 were in Washington 
and 1 in Oregon. The follomng table shows com- 
parative figures, taken from the reports of the Com- 
missioner of Indian Affairs, back to 1860: 



TEAR. 


Number. 


TEAK. 


Number. 


1910 


286 
203 
184 
153 
238 


1885 


187 


1905 


1880 . 


249 

226 


1900 


1875 


1895 


1870 




1890.... 


1860 


350 









The table shows that the Quinaielt and Quaitso 
decreased do\vn to 1895, since which time there has 
been a rapid increase. 

Sanpoil. — A small tribe of this stock afSliated with 
the Spokan and Okinagan. Their habitat in the 
early part of the nineteenth century was in the 
region between the Sanpoil and lower Okanogan 
Rivers and in the vicinity of the Columbia River 
between these points, chiefly in Okanogan and Fen-y 
Counties, Wash. For many years they have been 
located on the Colville Reservation. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 240, of which 
238 were in Washington. The following table shows 



the only figures available from the reports of the 
Commissioner of Indian Affairs: 



TEAR. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 


1910 


189 
324 


1897 


239 


191)0 


1890 


300 









Shuswap. — A lai^e and important British Colum- 
bian tribe of this stock, occupying a considerable area 
in southern British Columbia on the Thomson River, 
Shuswap Lake, and northward. The number enu- 
merated in the United States in 1910 was 9, all in 
Wasliiiigton. 

Sl-agit. — A tribe closely aUied to the Snohomish 
and belonging to the NisqualU group of this stock. 
Their habitat, when first known to Europeans, was on 
the lower portion of the Skagit River and on a portion 
of Whidbey Island, Wash. For many years they 
have been on the Snohomish Reservation. The 
Skagit, as enumerated in 1910, numbered 56, all in 
Wasliington. 

Slvl'omish. — A tribe of the Twana group of tliis 
stock formerly Uving at the mouth of the Skokomish 
River, Mason County, Wash. Since 1860 or before 
they have been located mainly on the Skokomish 
Reservation. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 195, of which 
193 were in Washington and 2 in Oregon. The 
following figures, taken from the reports of the Com- 
missioner of Indian Affairs, show that the population 
of this tribe has decreased since 1S70, although with 
some fluctuations: 



TEAR. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 


1910 


185 
204 
171 
232 
208 


1885 


201 


1905 


1880 


250 




1875 


275 


1895 


1870 


291 


1890 











SnoTiomis'h. — A small tribe from which the Sno- 
homish group of this stock takes its name. They 
were living, when first known to Europeans, at the 
mouth of the Snohomish River and the adjacent part 
of Whidbey Island, Snohomish County, Wash. For 
many years they have been located on the Tulalip 
Reservation, Wash. The number enumerated in 1910 
was 664, of which 661 were in Washington and 3 in 
Oregon. 

Snoqualmu. — -A tribe belonging to the Nisqualli 
group of the stock, and occupying, when first laiown 
to Europeans, the region in the vicinity of the river of 
the same name in King County, Wash. For many 
yeai-s they have been located on the Tulahp Reserva- 
tion. The Snoqualmu, as enumerated in 1910, num- 
bered 93, all in Washington. 

Songish. — A tribe formerly hving mainly about 
Victoria on the southern shore of Vancouver Island, 
British Columbia. They are closely affiliated with the 



94 



INDI.\NS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



Clallam and Lummi of Washington. The number 
enumerated in 1910 was 23, all in Wasliington. 

Spolcan. — A small tribe occupying, when first known 
to Europeans in the beginning of the nineteenth cen- 
tury, a portion of eastern Washington in the vicinity 
of the present city of Spokane. For the last 30 or 40 
years they have been located in small bands at several 
different reservations, namely, the Flathead Reserva- 
tion in Montana, the Coeur d'Alene Reservation in 
Idaho, and the Colville and Spokan Reservations in 
Washington. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 643, of which 
379 were in Washington, 134 in Montana, and 96 in 
Idaho. The number in these three states, as reported 
by the Commissioner of Indian Afl'airs, is shown in the 
foUowmg: table: 



TEAK. 


Number. 


TEAK. 


Number. 


1905 -■... 


6S0 
745 
765 
587 


1885 


792 


1900 


1880 . . 


685 


1895 


1875 


685 


1890. . 











Squaxon. — A small tribe belonging to the Nisqualh 
group of this stock, foi-merly hving in eastern Mason 
County, Wash. For about 50 years they have been 
located mainly on the Squaxon Reservation. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 44, all in 
Washington. A considerable portion of this tribe 
has always lived off the reservation, and in the present 
census many were probably thus enumerated on the 
general population schedule, and so returned without 
tribal designation. The Commissioner of Indian 
Affairs reported 142 in 1870, with somewhat irregular 
decreases down to 93 in 1910. 

Suquamish. — This tribe previously occupied a por- 
tion of the western shore of Puget Sound, Wash. For 
50 years or more they have been located largely on the 
Tulalip Reservation. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 307, of which 
306 were in Washington and 1 in Oregon. Compa- 
rable figures from the reports of the Commissioner of 
Indian Affairs are as follows : 



YEAR. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 


1910 


181 
165 


1900.... 
1890.. 




166 
144 


1905 











The large difference in the number shown by the 
census for 1910 and the figures in the above table is 
duo probably to the fact that many Indians of this 
tribe were repoi'ted as belonging to other tribes, or 
were not under the control of the Indian Office. 

Swinomisli. — It is somewhat uncertain whether 
these are a subdivision of the Skagit or a tribe closely 
affiliated with them. They belong to the Snohomish 
group of the stock. Their habitat in the early part 
of the nineteenth century was mainly on Whidbey 
Island and the adjacent portion of Skagit County, 



Wash, For the last 50 years they have been located 
on the Swinomish Reservation. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 333, all in 
Washington. Comparative figures are furnished by 
the reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs back 
to 1885, as follows: 



YEAR. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 


1910 


267 
281 
313 


1895 




1905 


1890..- 


227 
222 


1900 


1885 







The difference between the census figure for 1910 
and that shown in the above table is due in part prob- 
ably to the difference in method of reckoning tribal 
affiliations in the case of mixed-tribal blood, and in 
part to the enumeration of Indians not under the con- 
trol of the Indian Office. 

TiUamook. — The most southerly and westerly tribe 
of this stock. Their habitat at the begmning of the 
nineteenth century was on the coast of northwestern 
Oregon in Tillamook County. At an early date they 
were gathered partly on the Grande Ronde and partly 
on the Siletz Reservation where their remnants exist 
to-day. The southern section of the TiUamook were 
often spoken of as the Nestucca and a small propor- 
tion of the Tillamook at present stiU belong to this 
southern branch. The TiUamook, as enumerated in 
1910, numbered 25, distributed as follows: Oregon, 18; 
Washington, 6; Kansas, 1. 

Twana. — The tribe from which the Twana group of 
this stock takes its name. They are very closely 
related to the Skokomish and have often been con- 
fused with them. They occupied, at the time when 
first known to Europeans, the shores of Hoods Canal, 
Wash. For 40 or 50 years they have been located 
chiefly on the Skokomish Reservation. The number 
enumerated in 1910 was 61, of which 60 were iu Wash- 
ington and 1 in Wisconsin. 

Tribe not reported. — Thirteen Indians (6 fuU-blood3 
and 7 mixed-bloods) were enumerated in Washmgton 
as belonging to this stock, concerning whom no infor- 
mation as to particular tribe was given. 

SHAHAPTIAX STOCK. 

Stock as a whole. — ^This stock occupies a compact 
area of considerable extent lying mainly in northeast- 
ern Oregon, southeastern Washuigton, and the adja^ 
cent portion of Iilaho. 

The Indians of the Shahaptian stock, as enumerated 
in 1910, numbered 4,391 . The tribes of this stock, for 
which members were reported, are as foUows: 



Klikitat. 


Topiiiish. 


Warm Springs 


Nez Perces. 


Umatilla. 


Yakima. 


Paloos. 


Wallawalla. 





Klikitat. — A tribe occupjnng in the early nineteenth 
century the region of the upper lOicldtat and Cow- 
litz Rivei-s, Wash. They are now located mainly on 
the Yakima Reservation. The number enumerated 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



95 



in 1910 was 405, of which 370 were m Washington 
and 35 in Oregon. 

X(s Penes. — The most important tribe of the Sha- 
haptian stock. Their habitat at the begummg of the 
nineteenth centurj-, when first met by Europeans, 
uichiclecl a large area in southeastl^rn Wasliington, 
uortlieastern Oregon, and the adjacent portion of 
Idaho. With the increased settlement of the region 
then- territoiy was gradually reduced, and the major 
part of the tribe are now living on the Nez Perces 
Reservation, Idaho. In consequence of the Nez 
Perces War of 1877 some hundreds, known as Chief 
Joseph's Band, were sent to the Indian Territory, and 
later (in 1SS5) the remnant of this band was removed 
to the ColviUe Reservation in Washington, where they 
now are. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 1,259, distrib- 
uted as follows: Idaho, 1,035; Washington, 79; 
Oregon, 58; Montana, 54; scattering, 33. Fairly ac- 
curate comparative figures are available for this tribe 
in Idaho as far back as 1890. These figures, taken 
from the reports of the Cormnissioner of Indian Affairs, 
are as follows : 





TEAK. 


Number. 


1910 


1,433 


1009 


1,567 


1905 


1,651 



Number. 



1900 1 1,761 

1895 1 1.880 

1890 1 1,863 



Paloos. — A small tribe formerly occupying the val- 
ley of the Palouse River and the adjacent portion of 
Snake River, in Washington. They have refused to 
occupy a reservation and are now living mainly in 
the Snake River YaUey. The number enumerated in 
1910 was 82, of which 75 were in Washington and 7 
in Oregon. 

Topinish. — A smaU tribe closely affiliated with the 
Klikitat and formerly living on the Topinish River, 
Yakima County, Wash. They are now located on ths 
Y^akima Resei-vation. The number enumerated in 
1910 was 47, all in Washmgton. 

VmatiUa.. — One of the smaller tribes belongmg to 
this stock. Their habitat, when first kno\vn to Euro- 
peans in the beginning of the nineteenth century, was 
in northeastern Oregon in the vicinity of the Uma- 
tUla River. For about 50 years they have been located 
on the UmatUla Resei-vation. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 272, of which 
152 were in Oregon and 85 in Washington. Com- 
parative figures for this tribe in Oregon are sho^vn in 
the reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs as 
far back as 1870. These figures fluctuate very 
widely, as shown by the following table : 



TEAK. 


Number. 


YEAR. 


Number. 






151 
203 
183 
226 
179 


1885 


150 


1905.... 

1900.... 
1895.... 
1890.... 




1880 


225 


1875 


169 


1870 


456 







Wallawalla. — A tribe formerly living in Wallowa 
County, Oreg., and the adjac^Mit parts of soutlicastern 
Washington. About 1860 they were removed to the 
Umatilla Reservation, Oreg., where they have since 
remained. 

The number enumei-ated in 1910 was 397, of which 
390 were in Oregon. Comparative figures from the 
reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs are given 
for this tribe in Oregon in the table below back to 
1890. The figures fluctuate widely from year to 
year, the difference between the figures for 1910 as 
obtained by the census and as reported by the Com- 
missioner being no greater than the difference in the 
number's reported for the years 1907 (579) and 1908 
(490). 



TEAK. 


Number. 


TEAK. 


Number. 


1910 


461 
587 
528 


1895 


465 




1890 




405 


1900 











Warm Springs (syn. Jolm Day, Tenino, Tyigh, Des 
Chutes). — A name applied to a mixture of several 
small tribes of this stock, which have for 50 years 
been located on the Wai-m Springs Reservation, Oreg. 
The remnants of the tribes which ai-e included under 
this name are the Des Chutes, John Day, Tenino, and 
Tyigh, these together formerly occupying a lai-ge part 
of the area in southern Oregon east of the Cascades, 
included in the drainage basins of the Des Chutes and 
John Day Rivei-s. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 550, of which 
502 were in Oregon. 0%ving to vai-iations in what 
was included under the name of Warm Springs in 
different years, comparable figures are difficult to 
obtain. In 1870 about 800 appear to have been 
recog-nized; in 1882 the number had shrunk to 549, 
and by 1895 to 505; in 1900, the last year in which 
separate report was made, the number returned was 
516. 

Yakima. — One of the larger tribes of this stock, 
formerly living in the vicinity of the Yakima River 
and adjacent portion of the Columbia River in Wash- 
ington. For about 50 years the majority of the tribe 
has been located on the Yakima Reservation. The 
name Yakima has often been used loosely to include 
all the tribes on the reservation. It is uncertain how 
far the present census returns in this respect are cor- 
rect, but it is probable that the Indians reported as 
Yakima are only to a limited extent real Yakima, 
being mainly a complex of many small tribes, almost 
wholly of the same stock. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 1,362, of which 
1,279 were in Washington. No comparison can be 
made with earlier years, as this tribe has not been 
returned separately in the reports of the Commissioner 
of Indian Affairs. 

Trihe not reported. — Seventeen Indians (5 males and 
12 females) belonging to this stock were enumerated 



96 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



in Washington, but no information was given as to 
particular tribes. 

SHASTAN STOCK. 

Sioclc as a whole. — -The area occupied by this stock 
comprises portions of Siskiyou, Shasta, Lassen, and 
Modoc Counties in northern California. 

The Indians of the Shastan stock, as enumerated in 
1910, numbered 1,578. The tribes of this stock, for 
which members were reported, are as follows : 

Hat Creek. Pit River. Shasta. 

Hat CreeTc. — One of the tliree main subdi\'isions of 
this stock and as a tribe closely affiliated \ni\\ the Pit 
River. Since earliest traditional times they have 
occupied a small area in northeastern California, 
comprising Dixie Valley and the region along Hat 
Creek in eastern Shasta and western Lassen Coun- 
ties. The Hat Creek Indians have never had any reser- 
vation and are living scattered over their original 
territory. The number enumerated in 1910 was 240, 
all in California. 

Pit River. — One of the three main subdivisions of 
this stock, and as a tribe most closely affiliated with 
the Hat Creek. Since earliest traditional times they 
have occupied a smaU area in northeastern California, 
comprising in general the greater part of the drainage 
basin of Pit River excepting, however, Dixie Valley 
and the valley of Hat Creek. The majority of the 
tribe now remaining are scattered over their original 
territoiy and are not located on any reservation. A 
small number were taken to Round Valley Reservation 
soon after its establishment, some of whom still re- 
main there, and a few are on the Klamath Reserva- 
tion, Oreg. The number enumerated in 1910 was 
985, of which 888 were in California. 

Shasta. — One of the three main subdivisions of this 
stock and that from which the stock has taken its 
name. Since earUest traditional times they have oc- 
cupied an area in northern California and southern 
Oregon, comprising the central portion of Siskiyou 
County, Cal., and part of the southern portion of Jack- 
son County, Oreg. The majority of the tribe now re- 
maining are scattered over their original territory and 
are not on reservations. A few, however, remain at 
Grande Ronde and Siletz Reservations, in Oregon, 
where a considerable portion of the tribe was kept for 
several yeare as the result of the Rogue River War. 
A portion of the Shasta is sometimes known as Scott 
Valley Indians and the remainder has at times been 
called Klamaths. The Shasta, as enumerated in 1910, 
numbered 35.3, distributed as follows: California, 255; 
Oregon, 96; Washington, 2. 

SHOSHONKAN STOCK. 

Stock as a whole. — One of the largest stocks in the 
United States. The main area occupied by this stock 
lies in the interior plateau and includes practically the 
whole of Nevada and ITtali and part of eastern Ore- 



gon, southern Idaho, southwestern Wyoming, western 
Colorado, and southern California. In addition, the 
Comanche occupied at times a portion of the plains in 
Texas and eastern New Mexico. Small areas in north- 
ern Aiizona were alao occupied by tribes belonging to 
this stock. 

The Indians of the Shoshonean stock, as enumer- 
ated in 1910, numbered 16,842. To this figure should 
be added probably about 1,000 for Indians of this 
stock reported wnthout distinction of tribe among the 
general population in Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Idaho, 
and California, making a probable total of about 18,000 
in all. The tribes of this stock, for which members 
were reported, are as follows: 



Bannock. 


Kawia. 


San Luiseno 


Chemehuevi. 


Kern River. 


Serrano. 


Comanche. 


Mono. 


Shoshoni. 


Gabrieleno. 


Pahvant. 


Tehachapi. 


Hop!. 


Paiute. 


Ute. 


Juaneno. 


Panamint. 




Kawaiisu. 


Paviotso. 





Bannoclc. — The tribal name is of somewhat uncer- 
tain extension and has been appHed in the past with 
considerable laxit3^ The early habitat of this tribe 
seems to have been in southeastern Idaho and the ad- 
jacent portions of northwestern Wyoming and south- 
western Montana, with a probable extension westward 
into southwestern Idaho nearly to the Oregon line. 
For at least 50 years they have been closely associated 
with the Shoshoni. Since 1869 they have been located 
principally on the Fort Hall Reservation in Idaho, 
■\vith a smaller band at Lemlii in the same state. 

The mimber enumerated in 1910 was 413, of which 
363 were in Idaho. Early estimates of the population 
of the Bannock would seem ahiaost certain to have been 
exaggerated and to have included under this name por- 
tions of other tribes. In 1829, for example, the Ban- 
nock were said to number approximately 8,000, a fig- 
ure which had decreased to less than 1,000 in 1870. 
Between 1875 and 1899 the Bannock were returned 
separately in the reports of the Commissioner of In- 
dian Affairs, the figures for tliis tribe in Idaho being as 
follows : 



TEAR. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 


1S99 


513 

16U 
'472 


1880 


530 


1890 


1875 . 


810 


18S5 









1 Exclusive of tbat portion at Lemhi. 

Chemehuevi. — ^A small tribe living, when first known 
to Europeans in the eighteenth century, along the Col- 
orado River, mainly on the Arizona side from Needles 
to Bill Williams Fork. For many years they have 
been located chiefly in the Chemehuevi VaUey and at 
Fort Mohave. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 355, distri- 
buted as follows: Cidifornia, 260; Nevada, 60; Ari- 
zona, 28; and Wyoming, 7. Comparisons with fig- 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



97 



ui'es for earlier years are very limited. In 1866 they 
were estimated at 750. Since then no estimate or 
count has been made mitil the present census except 
for those in Arizona, whose numbers have decreased, 
according to the reports of the Commissioner of In- 
dian Affaire, from 350 in 1875 to 153 in 1909. 

Comanche. — In recent times the most southern and 
eastern of the tribes of this stock and the only one 
living entirely on the plains. Tlieir earUest tradi- 
tional home was in Wyoming wth the Shoshoni. At 
an early period, however, they were forced south and 
in the early eighteenth century were living in Kansas 
and southward. During the lirst half of the nine- 
teenth century they roamed over a very large area 
extending southward into Mexico. For about 50 
years they have been located with the Kiowa on the 
Kiowa and Comanche Reservations in Oklahoma. 

The number enimierated in 1910 was 1,171, of which 
1,160 were in Oklahoma. Comparison ^\nth figures for 
previous years shows a great decrease in numbers, ac- 
cording to the follo^^^ng table, compiled from the re- 
ports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the 
tribe in Oklahoma: 



TEAR. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 




1,476 
1,401 
1,499 
1,507 
1,598 


1885 


1,544 


1905 


1880 


1,568 




1875 


1,721 


1*595 


1870 


2,742 


1S90 











Gabrieleno {sjn. San Gabriel). — A subdivision of 
the Shoshoneans of Cahfornia occupying, in the eight- 
eenth century, an area which may be roughly de- 
scribed as including Los Angeles County south of the 
San Bernardino Mountains, the extreme southwestern 
corner of San Bernardino and the northern half of 
Orange Counties. The number enumerated in 1910 
was 11, all in California. 

Hopi (syn. Moqui, Koso). — One of the best known 
of the pueblo tribes of the Southwest. Known to 
Europeans since the middle of the sixteenth century, 
the Hopi have occupied their present villages in north- 
eastern Arizona, or others in the immediate vicinity, for 
at least 300 or 400 years. At the present time seven 
villages are occupied. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 2,009, of which 
1,941 were in Arizona. Comparison with early years 
is of little value, as the figures given are largely esti- 
mates. From ISSO to 1904 the more trustworthy esti- 
mates, as given in the reports of the Commissioner of 
Indian Affairs, have ranged from 1,800 to 2,100. Still 
earlier estimates, especially those of the Spanish in the 
sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, were often enor- 
mously exaggerated. It is probable, however, that 
the number in the seventeenth century was consider- 
ably larger than at present. At various times, the 
most recent in 1855, the Hopi have been ravaged by 
smallpox, which greatly reduced their numbers. 

67090°— 15 7 



Juaneno (syn. San Juan Capistrano). — A subdivi- 
sion of the California Shoshoneans, occupying in the 
eighteenth century the region about the Mission of San 
Juan Capistrano, in Orange County. The number 
enumerated in 1910 was 16, all in California. 

Kawaiisu. — A small group of Indians of this stock 
living on the western side of the Tehachapi Mountains, 
Cal. The number enumerated in 1910 was 23, all in 
California. 

Kama (syn. CahuOla). — ^A tribe occupying in the 
eighteenth century a considerable area in southern 
and eastern San Bernardino and northern Riverside 
Counties, Cal. At present the tribe is located on 
several small reservations in Riverside and San Diego 
Counties. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 755, of which 
754 were in California and 1 in Arizona. Comparison 
with earlier years is difficult, owing to the uncertainty 
as to whether the total population of the various reser- 
vations belonged to this tribe. For a rough compari- 
son, however, the totals of the reservations are here 
given since 1893, when they are first available from the 
reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs. The 
only conclusion which it would be safe to draw from 
these figures is that the Kawia have apparently held 
their own during the last 17 years. 



TEAR. 


Number. 


YEAR. 


Number. 


1903 


686 
897 
826 


1895 


862 




1893 


697 


1899 











Kern River. — A small group of Indians occupying a 
portion of the valley of Kern River, in Kern County, 
Cal. For many years a portion has been located on 
the Tule River Reservation. The number enumerated 
in 1910 was 105, all in California. 

Mono. — A group of tribes occupying since the early 
nineteenth century a considerable area mainly in Mono 
and Inyo Counties, Cal., and the adjacent part of 
Esmeralda County, Nev. They have never been 
located on a reservation. The number enumerated in 
1910 was 1,448, of which 1,388 were in California and 
60 in Nevada. 

Pahvant. — A subdivision of the Ute formerly living 
south and east of Great Salt Lake, Utah. The larger 
portion has been located for many years with the 
Uinta Utes on the Uinta Reservation, Utah, and has 
not been reported separately. 

The number enumerated m 1910 was 37, all in Utah. 
Comparison with the population in earlier years is dif- 
ficult, as they have not been reported separately since 
1873 by the Commissioner of Indian Affairs. At that 
date there was said to be 134 not under any agent, 
while in 1870, prior to their removal to the Uinta 
Reservation, they were estimated at about 800. It is 
probable that they have so intermarried with other 
Utes that they have lost their tribal identity. 



98 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



Paiute (see also Paviotso.) — ^A tribal name which has 
been very loosely applied and in consequence is of 
uncertain application. Used at different times for sev- 
eral of the Shoshonean tribes of the interior plateau, 
it is properly restricted to the Indians of southwestern 
Utah and the adjacent portions of southern Nevada, 
California, and northwestern Arizona. The Paiute, as 
so defined, have occupied this same area since known 
to Europeans. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 780, of which 
247 were in Nevada, 238 in Utah, and 210 in California. 
No comparison can well be made with earlier years, as 
the use of the name Paiute has been so variable. In 
1873 what are above defined as Paiute were estimated 
at 2,027. The report of the Commissioner of Indian 
Affairs gives the total in 1910 as 819, of whom only 449 
were under the control of the Indian Office. 

Panamint. — A group or band occupying, since known 
to Europeans, the region of Panamint Valley, Inyo 
County, Cal. The number enumerated in 1910 was 10, 
of which 9 were in California and 1 in Nevada. 

Paviotso (syn. Snake). — Probably the most conven- 
ient term under which to group the Snakes and so- 
called Paiutes of southeastern Oregon, western Nevada 
and the eastern edge of California as far south as Lake 
Tahoe. They are very closely allied to the Mono and 
can be separated from them in the present enumera- 
tion only somewhat arbitrarily, as the latter are also 
sometimes locally known as Paiutes. As enumerators 
failed to distinguish between the true Paiute and the 
Paviotso, an arbitrary but approximately correct divi- 
sion was made by tabulating as Paiute only those enu- 
merated within the area known to have been occupied 
by them and classing as Paviotso all Paiute enumer- 
ated in the area above defined as the Paviotso habitat. 
Owing to the impossibility of sejDarating the Paviotso 
with certainty from the Paiute and the Mono, the fig- 
ures must be regarded as approximate only. 

So far as known, the Paviotso have always occupied 
the area above outlined. At present they are to be 
found widely scattered throughout this area, a minor- 
ity being located on the folio whig reservations: Pyra- 
mid Lake, Walker River, and Duck Valley (Western 
Shoshoni) Reservations, Nev.; Fort Bidwell School, 
Cal.; Klamath Reservation, Oreg. (known here as Wal- 
pa])i and Yahuskin Snakes) ; and Warm Springs Res- 
ervation, Oreg. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 3,038, distrib- 
uted as follows: Nevada, 2,414; Oregon, 341; Idaho, 
152; California, 101 ; and scattering, 30. No compar- 
ison which is of value can be made with earlier years. 
San Luiseno (syn. Luiseno). — A subdivision of the 
California Shoshonean, occupying in the eighteenth 
century an area in western Riverside and northwestern 
San Diego Counties, tributary to the Mission of San 
Luis Rey. Tliey are now located mainly on several 
small reservations in this area. 



The number enumerated in 1910 was 467, all in Cali- 
fornia. Comparison with earlier years is difficult, as 
the use of the term has not always been uniform, and 
the figures given m the reports of the Commissioner of 
Indian Affairs probably include persons belonging to 
other tribes. The figui-es back to 1870, however, are 
as follows: 



TEAR. 


Number. 


YEAR. 


Number. 


1903 


884 
939 


1885 


1,142 


1895 


1870 


1,299 









Serrano. — A subdivision of the California Shosho- 
nean occupying in the eighteenth century the San 
Bernardino Mountains and the region east and north, 
for a considerable distance, in San Bernardino County, 
Cal. They are now located for the most part on sev- 
eral small reservations in this area. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 118, of which 
115 were in California. Comparison with earlier years 
is difficult as these Indians have not been reported 
separately by the Commissioner of Indian Affairs. In 
1885 there was said to be 390, and in 1901 the popula- 
tion of the villages in Serrano territory was 470, but 
this probably includes many persons belonging to other 
groups. 

SJioshoni. — The most northerly tribe of this stock 
and tlie one from which the stock name has been de- 
rived. Their earliest known habitat (at the beginning 
of the nineteenth century) included the southwestern 
corner of Montana, portions of western Wyoming, 
much of central and southern Idaho, the northeast cor- 
ner of Nevada, and a narrow strip of northwestern 
Utah west of Great Salt Lake. The Shoshoni are at 
present located on the following reservations: Fort 
Hall, Idaho ; Duck Valley, Nev. ; and Wind River, Wyo. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 3,840, distrib- 
uted as follows: Nevada, 1,555; Idaho, 1,259; Wyo- 
ming, 700; Utah, 248; and scattering, 78. No satis- 
factory comparison can be made with previous years, 
as the various portions of the tribe have nearly all been 
reported separately. 

Tehachapi. — Probably identical with the Kawaiisu. 
Their habitat was in the Tehachapi Mountains, Kern 
County, Cal. As enumerated in 1910 they numbered 
only 2, both in California. 

Vte. — One of the important tribes of this stock. 
The habitat of the tribe since the beginning of the 
nineteenth century, when first known to Europeans, 
has been the central and western part of Colorado, 
eastern Utah, and the northern edge of New Mexico. 
The tribe has always been divided into numerous 
bands, known, for example, as Capote, Moache, Wimi- 
nuclii, Uncompahgre (syn. Tabeguache), and Uinta 
Ute, etc. These bauds have been located at different 
times at various reservations in Colorado, New Mexico, 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



99 



and Utah. At present the Ute are located as follows: 
The Capote, Moache, and Wiminuchi at the Southern 
Uto Rosoi-ration in Colorado ; the Uncorapahgre, Uinta, 
and White Eivor (made up of i-cmuants of several 
bands), at the Uinta and Uncorapahgre Eeservations 
in Utah. 

The number enumerated in 1910, combining all the 
separate bands and Indians enumerated simply as Ute, 
was 2,244, of which 1,472 were in Utah and 725 in 
Colorado. Comparative figures are of value only as 
far back as 1S95, earlier figures being rather uncertain. 
About 1S70 the Ute were estimated at 4,000; in 1883, 
at about 3,000. From 1895 on, the figures for the tribe 
in Utah and Colorado, as given in the reports of the 
Commissioner of Indian Affairs, are as follows: 



TEAK. 


Utah. 


Colorado. 


YEAR. 


Utah. 


Colorado. 


1910 


1,202 
1,320 


Slo 

S87 


1900 


1,699 
1,770 


995 




1S95 


1,142 









The above figures show a strong decrease. 

Tlie enumeration of the separate bands of the Ute 
was unfortunately defective, in that a large number of 
Indians were reported merely as Ute or Southern Ute 
without more precise statement of their affiliation. 
The following table gives the numbere returned under 
each heading. It is probable that the Uncompahgre, 
White River, and Uinta bands are given with fair 
completeness. 

Ute 440 

Capote Ute 64 

Grand Kiver Ute 1 

Moache Ute 156 

Southern Ute 237 

Uinta Ute 373 

Uncompahgre Ute 412 

White River Ute 320 

Wiminuchi Ute 241 

SIOUAX STOCK. 

SiocJc as a whole. — One of the five largest stocks in 
the United States. The main area occupied by this 
stock in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries was 
in the northern and central plains, and the region of 
the upper Mississippi River in ]\Iinnesota. At an 
earUer period tribes of this stock were located in the 
Allegheny Mountams in western Virginia and North 
Carolina, and stray fragments on the Gulf coast. 

The Indians of the Siouan stock, as enumerated in 
1910, numbered 32,941. To this figure should prob- 
ably be added about 700 to 800 for Indians of this 
stock reported without distinction of tribe among the 
general population in North Dakota, South Dakota, 
Nebraska, and Montana, making a probable total 



between 33,000 and 34,000. The tribes of this stock, 
for which members were reported, are as follows: 



Teton Sioux — Contd. 

Oglala Sioux. 

Sans Arc Sioux. 

Sihasapa. 

Two Kettle Sioux. 
Winnebago. 
Yankton Sioux. 
Yanktonai Sioux. 



Assiniboin. Oto. 

Catawba. Ponca. 

Crow. Quapaw. 

Hidatsa. Santee Sioux. 

Iowa. Sioux. 

Kansa. Sisseton Sioux. 

Mandan. Teton Sioux. 
Missouri. Brule Sioux. 

Omaha. Hunkpapa Sioux. 

Osage. Minniconjou Sioux. 

Assiniboin. — One of the larger tribes of this stock, 
once probably forming part of the Yanktonai. When 
first known to Europeans in the seventeenth century, 
they were located north and northwest of the western 
portion of Lake Superior. From here they moved 
gradually westward to Montana, Saskatchewan, and 
the adjacent portions of North Dakota and eastern 
Montana. For the last 30 or 40 years those in the 
United States have been located at Fort Belknap and 
Fort Peck Reservations, Mont. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 1,253, of which 
1,229 were in Montana. Tlius practically the entire 
tribe is located in Montana, the 24 scattering individ- 
uals being, in part, pupils in Indian schools. Figures 
for comparison are little more than rough estimates 
previous to 1880. Before the smallpox epidemic of 
1836 the whole tribe was estimated at from 8,000 to 
10,000 and m 1843 at 7,000. The followmg table, 
compiled from the reports of the Commissioner of 
Indian Affairs, shows comparative figures for this 
tribe in Montana back to 1880: 



TZAR. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 


1910 . . 


1,350 
1,257 
1,313 
1,479 


1890 


1,675 


1905 


1885 


1,772 


1900 


1880 


2,365 


1895 











Catawba. — A tribe forming the only surviving rem- 
nant of the eastern Siouan tribes, formerly occupying 
a considerable area in western North and South Caro- 
lina. Their habitat in the eighteenth century was 
mainly in the vicinity of the upper and middle Ca- 
tawba and Wateree Rivers in North and South Caro- 
lina. Since the end of the eighteenth century the 
majority of the tribe has been located on a small res- 
ervation in York and Lancaster Counties, S. C, whOe 
a few are to be found among the Cherokee in North 
Carolina. A few were also reported from Colorado. 
The number enumerated in 1910 was 124, of which 
99 were in South Carolina, 14 in Colorado, and 11 
scattering. 

Crow'isja. Absaraka) .^One of the larger of the 
Siouan tribes. Originally allied to the Hidatsa (Gros 



100 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



Ventres), their earliest known habitat was in eastern 
Montana and the Dakotas. From here they moved 
westward to the base of the Rocky Mountains, pre- 
vious to the beginning of the nineteenth century. They 
have been located for many years on the Crow Reser- 
vation in Montana. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 1,799, of which 
1,698 were in Montana. Comparative figm'es, taken 
from the reports of the Commissioner of Indian 
Affairs, show that the Crow have suffered a great de- 
crease in the last 30 years. In 1867 they were esti- 
mated at about 4,000. The figures for this tribe in 
Montana are as follows: 



1910. 
1905 
1900 
1895, 



Number. 



1,740 
1,794 
1,941 
2,133 



1890 
1885 
1880 



Number. 



2,456 
3,870 
3,470 



Eidatsa (sjm. Gros Ventres, Minitari). — One of the 
smaller tribes of this stock, originally perhaps one 
with the Crow. Their traditional home lay in north- 
eastern and eastern North Dakota. Sometime prob- 
ably in the early eighteenth century or before they 
removed southwest to the Missouri River and allied 
themselves ^vith the Mandan with whom they have 
since always been associated. Since 184.5 they have 
lived in the vicinity of Fort Berthold, N. Dak. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 547, of which 
520 were in North Dakota. Comparative figures 
from the reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs 
are of value as far back as 1890, and may be used 
with reservation as early as 1875, when they num- 
bered about 600. Shortly after this a portion of the 
Hidatsa left the reservation and did not return until 
1894. The figures since 1890 for the tribe in North 
Dakota are as follows : 



maj^ be made from the reports of the Commissioner 
of Indian Affairs as f oUows : 



YEAE. 


Number. 


TEAK. 


Number. 




466 
471 
453 


1895 


481 


1905 


1890 


504 


1900 











Iowa. — One of the smaller tribes belonging, with 
the Oto and Missouri, to the so-called Chiwere group 
of this stock. Their traditional homo was in southern 
Wisconsin, but when first known to Europeans in the 
seventeenth century, they had already moved west 
into Iowa. Later they were located in various parts 
of this state, northern Missouri, and eastern Nebraska, 
but in 1836 they were placed on the Great Nemaha 
Reservation in Kansas. A portion removed later to 
the Sauk and Fox Reservation in Oklahoma. The 
tribe is now divided 1)etween these two places, the 
larger portion remaining in Kansas. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 244, of which 
124 were in Kansas and 79 in Oldahoraa. Compari- 
son with the figures for the tribe in these two states 



TEAK. 


Kansas. 


Okla- 
homa. 


TEAR. 


E^ansas. 


Okla- 
homa. 


1910 


273 
225 
212 
167 
165 


80 
89 
90 
95 
67 


1885 


138 
176 
219 
214 


89 


1905 


1880 


46 


1900 


1875 




1895 . . 


1870 




1890 











Kansa. — One of the five tribes forming the so-called 
Dhegiha group. Their earliest traditional habitat 
was in southern lUinois and Indiana, but, when first 
known to Europeans in the seventeenth century, 
they were li\4ng in Kansas. They continued to remain 
there until 1873, when they removed to the Kansa 
Reservation in Oklahoma. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 238, of which 
232 were in Oklahoma and 6 in Kansas. Comparison 
with earher years may be made from the reports of the 
Commissioner of Indian Affairs as follows : 



TEAR. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 






231 
209 
217 
208 
198 
225 


1880 


397 


19U5 




1875 


516 






1870 


574 


1895 




1866 


670 


1890.... 
1885 




1861 


866 













The decrease among the Kansa has clearly been 
very large, the numbers at present being little over 
a quarter of what they were 50 years ago. The 
decrease was apparently regular and rapid until 1S90, 
since when there has been a slight increase which, 
however, is among the mixed-bloods only. 

Mandan. — A well-lvnown but numerically unim- 
portant tribe. Their probable early habitat was 
east of the Mississippi, perhaps in northern Wiscon- 
sin, but, when first known to Europeans in the first 
half of the eighteenth century, they were living on the 
Mssouri River in central North Dakota. They have 
continued to reside in this same area and are now 
located on the Fort Berthold Reservation in that state. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 209, of which 
197 were in North Dakota. Estimated at the begin- 
ning of the nineteenth century at about 1,250, the 
tribe was almost completely destroyed by smallpox 
in 1837, there being only a hundred or more survivors. 
In 1871 they were estimated at 450, however, and 
since 1885 the figures for this tribe in North Dakota, 
compiled from the reports of the Commissioner of 
Indian Affairs, are as follows: 



TEAR. 


Number. 


YEAR. 


Number. 


1910 ... 


255 
249 
250 


1895 


265 




1890 


244 


1900 


1885 


340 




1 







Missouri. — One of the three tribes of the so-eaUed 
Chiwere group of this stock. Their earUest tradi- 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



101 



tional habitat was ai)parently in Wisconsin or, at 
least, east of the Jlississipj)!. In the eighteenth cen- 
tury, however, they were in Missouri, but hatl dwin- 
dled by the bcginmng of the nineteenth centuiy to a 
mere handful. They alhed themselves later with the 
Oto, and m ISSl' moved with them to Oklahoma where 
the few survivors are located on the Oto Reservation. 
The Missouri, as enumerated in 1910, numbered 13, 
of which 12 were in Oldahoma and 1 in Washington. 

Omaha. — One of the five tribes forming the Dhegiha 
group of this stock. Their earhcst traditional home 
was in southern Illinois, whence they moved west up 
the Missouri, and, when first known to Europeans, 
were located in eastern Nebraska and southern South 
Dakota. For about 50 years they have been located 
on the Omaha Reservation, Nebr. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 1,105, of which 
1,075 were in Nebraska. The reports of the Commis- 
sioner of Indian Affairs show comparative figures for 
this tribe in Nebraska, as follows: 



TZAE. 


Number. 


TEAK. 


Number. 


1910 


1,276 
1,221 
1,182 
1,1»2 
1,173 


1SS5 


1,188 




18S0 


1,120 


1900 


1876 


1,005 




1870 


9S4 


1S90 











Osage. — One of the tribes of the so-called Dhegiha 
group of this stock. Then- earliest traditional home 
was in southern Illinois and Indiana, but in the seven- 
teenth century, when first known to Europeans, they 
were living in Missouri. Since 1870 they have been 
located on the Osage Reservation, Okla. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 1,373, of which 
1,345 were in Oklahoma. Comparison with earlier 
years may be made from the reports of the Commis- 
sioner of Indian Affairs for this tribe in Oklahoma, as 
follows : 





TEAR. 


Number. 


1910 


2,100 
1,937 
1,783 
1,657 
1,509 


1905 


1900 


1895 


1890... -- 







Number. 



1SS5 1,552 

1880 ! 2,008 

1875 ! 3,001 

1870 ' 4,481 



This tribe is a good example of the process which is 
taking place among the Indian population as a whole, 
namely, the decrease of the fuU-bloods and increase of 
the mixed-bloods. The population continued to de- 
crease until 1890 when the mixed-bloods had reached 
about 33 per cent of the total; thereafter the increase 
in the mixed-bloods more than offset the decrease in the 
fuU-bloods, with the result of an increase in the total. 

Oto. — ^The largest of the three tribes of the Chiwere 
group of this stock. Their earliest traditional habitat 
was in Wisconsin, whence they moved westward to 
Iowa and Nebraska, where they were located when first 
known to Euroneans. Since 1882 they have been 



located, together with a remnant of the Missouri, in 
Oklahoma, at firet on the Sauk and FoxReservation 
and later on the Oto Reservation. 

The number enumerated m 1910 was 332, of which 
314 were in Oklahoma. The following figures for this 
tribe in Oklahoma, compiled from the reports of the 
Commissioner of Indian Affairs, contain, besides the 
Oto, the few survivors of the Missouri. 



TEAK. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 


1910 


411 
368 
372 
348 
358 


1886 


459 




1S80 


438 


1900 


1875 


457 


1895 

1890 


1870 


434 











Ponca. — A tribe belonging to the Dhegiha group of 
this stock. For many years they were closely asso- 
ciated with the Omaha, and hke them went from an 
earher location in southern Indiana and Ilhnois to the 
region of the Missouri in Iowa, Minnesota, and South 
Dakota. In 1877 part of the tribe was removed to 
Indian Territory. The Ponca are now located part 
at the Santee Reservation in Nebraska and part at the 
Ponca Reservation, Oklahoma. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 875, of which 
619 were in Oklahoma and 193 in Nebraska. Com- 
parative figures for the tribe in these two states are 
shown in the following table, compiled from the reports 
of the Commissioner of Indian Afl'airs : 



TEAR. 


Ne- 
braska. 


Okla- 
homa. 


1910 


290 
249 
231 
211 
217 


583 
564 
666 
586 
605 


1905 


1900 


1895 


1R90 





1883 
1880 
1875 
1860 



Ne- 
braska. 



178 
103 
734 
973 



Okla- 
homa. 



574 
630 



It appears from this table that the numbers of the 
Ponca have decreased slightly in the last 50 years. 

Quapaw. — One of the tribes of the so-called Dhegiha 
gi-oup of this stock. Their early traditional habitat 
was in southern Ilhnois and Indiana, but, when first 
known to Europeans in the sixteenth century, they 
were Hving in northeastern Arkansas and southeastern 
ilissouri. Until the early nineteenth century they 
continued to occupy this general area, but since 1860, 
or before, they have been located on the Quapaw 
Reservation in Oklahoma. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 231, of which 
221 were in Oklahoma. Comparison may be made 
with earher years for this tribe in Oklahoma, from the 
reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, as 
follows : 



YEAR. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 


1910 


307 
284 
251 
232 
224 


1885 


172 




1880 


235 


1900 


1875 


235 




1869 


274 


1890 











102 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



Santee Sioux (syn. Wahpekute Sioux, Mdewakanton 
Sioux). — A tribal name of somewhat uncertain ex- 
tension. It has been used generally as applying to 
the Sioux (mamly mixed Wahpekute and Mdewakan- 
ton Sioux), now at the Santee Reservation in Nebraska 
and at Flandreau, S. Dak., together with the scattered 
Mdewakanton in Minnesota. The earhest assignable 
habitat of these two subdivisions of the Dakota or 
Sioux was in the Lake district of northern Minnesota. 
After the Indian outbreak of 1862 the majority were 
removed to Crow Creek, S. Dak., and later (1866) to 
the Santee Reservation in Nebraska, whence a portion 
again removed to Flandreau, S- Dak., in 1876. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 1,539, distrib- 
uted as follows: Nebraska, 708; South Dakota, 378; 
Minnesota, 232; Montana, 107; North Dakota, 100; 
scattermg, 14. Figures for the portions of this tribe 
in Nebraska, South Dakota, and Minnesota are avail- 
able back to 1875, from the reports of the Commis- 
sioner of Indian Affairs, as follows : 



TEAB. 


Nfr- 
braska. 


South 
Dakota. 


Minne- 
sota. 


YEAR. 


Ne- 
braska. 


South 
Dakota. 


Minne- 
sota. 


1910 . .. 


1,135 

1,095 

1,019 

980 


275 
278 
288 
308 


929 
929 
917 


1890 


809 
813 
764 
800 


292 
243 
304 
339 




1903 


1885 




1900 


1880 




1895 


1875 











Sioux. — A considerable number of Indians were 
enumerated simply as "Sioux" without distinction of 
band or division. 

The total number thus enumerated in 1910 as Sioux 
was 996, distributed among the states as follows : South 
Dakota, 277; Minnesota, 161; North Dakota, 99; 
Pennsylvania, 96; Montana, 86; Nebraska, 62; New 
Jersey (with Wild West Show), 62; Oklahoma, 53; 
Kansas, 40; scattering, 60. 

Sisseton Sioux (sya. Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux, Wah- 
peton Sioux). — One of the seven divisions of the 
Dakota or Sioux group. Their traditional early hab- 
itat was in the region north and northwest of the 
western end of Lake Superior, but at the time they 
were first known to Europeans in the seventeenth 
centuiy, they were hving in central Minnesota. In 
the nineteenth century they had extended westward 
into South Dakota. Since 1868 they have been located 
partly on the Sisseton Reservation in South Dakota 
and jiartly on the Devils Lake Reservation in North 
Dakota. 

The Sisseton have for the last 40 years or more been 
so closely associated with the Wahpeton that the two 
tribes can not be separated and are therefore here 
treated together. The Sisseton-Wahpeton, as enu- 
merated in 1910, numbered 2,514, of which 1,553 
were in South Dakota, 621 in North Dakota, and 255 
in Montana. 

Comparative figures for the Sisseton and Wahpeton 
are difficult to secure since 1883, owing to the failure 
to separate them from other tribes on the Devils Lake 
Reservation. In 1861 the Sisseton-Wahpeton were 



given as 2,811; in 1871 the combined Sisseton and 
Wahpeton at the Sisseton Reservation, together with 
those at Devils Lake, numbered 2,158; in 1876, 2,613; 
in 1880, 2,339; in 1883, 2,192. From this time on no 
figures can be secured except for those at the Sisseton 
Reservation in South Dakota. The population on that 
reservation from 1875 to the present, as shown by the 
reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affahs, was as 
follows : 



TEAR. 


Number. 


TEAK. 


Number. 


1910 


1,994 
1,932 
1,890 
1,863 


1890 


1,509 
1,484 


1905 


1885 


1900 


1880 


1,500 


1895 


1875 


1,807 









These figures show a decrease in population from 
1875 to 1885, from which time those on the Sisseton 
Reservation at least have increased steadilj'. The 
portion at Devils Lake have not, as already stated, 
been returned separately since that date, but appar- 
ently have held their own, as the combined population 
of the Devils Lake Reservation has shown a shght 
increase since 1885. 

Teton Sioux. — The largest of the groups of the Sioux, 
comprismg seven subdivisions — that is, Brule, Hunk- 
papa, Minniconjou, Oglala (Loafer Sioux), Sans Arc, 
Sihasapa (Blackfoot Sioux), and Two Kettle. Their 
habitat in the seventeenth century was in the region 
of the upper Mississippi, in Minnesota, and westward. 
They are now located on various reservations in 
North and South Dakota and Montana. 

The various subdivisions of the Teton Sioux have 
become very much mixed in the last 20 years. For 
about two-thirds of the total number, the name of the 
subdivision to which the individual belonged was 
given, but for the remainder the only statement is 
"Teton Sioux." Obviously the numbers thus given 
for the separate subdivisions are incomplete, but they 
are shown separately in Table 51 (p. 146), as well as 
the group combined. 

The total number of Teton Sioux enumerated in 
1910 was 14,284, of which 13,795 were in South 
Dakota and 370 in North Dakota, the remainder 
being scattered over different states. From the re- 
ports of the Commissioner of Indian Affau-s compari- 
son may be made as far back as 1875, although the 
earlier figures are largely estimates. 



YEAR. 


Number. 


YEAR. 


Number. 


1905 


18,113 
18,410 
17, 971 


1H'<5 


20,826 


1900 


ISSO 


21,830 




1875 


31, 130 









The following seven tribes are subdivisions of the 
Teton Sioux group. 

Brule Sioux. — A tribe or subdivision of the Teton 
group of the Sioux. In the early part of the nine- 
teenth centiu-y they were located mauily in south- 
western South Dakota and adjacent parts of Nebraska. 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



103 



At present the tribe is located mainly on the Kosobiul, 
Crow Crook, and Lowor Brulo Rosorvations, S. Dak. 
The number onumoratod in 1910 was S06, of which 
795 were in South Dakota. 

Ilunl-papa Sioux. — A tribe or subdivision of the 
Teton group of the Sioux. In the early part of the 
nineteenth century, they occupied a considerable area 
in North Dakota, chiefly west of the Missouri. They 
are now located mainly on the Standing Ivock Eeser- 
vation in North and South Dakota. The number 
enumerated m 1910 was 1,072, of which 930 were m 
South Dakota and 142 m North Dakota. Accordmg 
to the reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 
the number of this tribe m previous years was as fol- 
lows: 1S75, 2,100; 18S5, 1,805; 1890, 1,734. 

Alinniconjou Sioux. — A tribe or subdivision of the 
Teton group of the Sioux. In the beginning of the 
nineteenth century they occupied a considerable area 
along and west of the Missouri River, in South Dakota. 
They are now located on the Cheyenne River Reser- 
vation, S. Dak. The number enumerated in 1910 was 
397, of which 387 were in South Dakota and 10 in 
North Dakota. According to the reports of the Com- 
missioner of Indian Affairs, this tribe was estimated at 
about 4,000 in 1875, had decreased to 1,221 m 1885, 
and risen to 1,268 in 1888, since which date no separate 
figures are available. 

Oglala Sioux (syn. Loafer Sioux). — The largest tribe 
or subdivision of the Teton group of the Sioux. When 
first known to Europeans they were living along the 
Missouri River in South Dakota. The majority of the 
Oglala are now located on the Pine Ridge Reserva- 
tion, S. Dak. The number enumerated in 1910 was 
6,045, of which 5,998 were in South Dakota. Accord- 
ing to the reports of the Commissioner of Indian Af- 
fairs, the number of this tribe in earlier years was as 
follows: 1881, 10,286; 1886, 7,417; 1891, 6,356. 

Sans Arc Sioux. — ^A tribe or subdivision of the 
Teton group of the Sioux. They are not mentioned 
much before the middle of the nineteenth century, and 
were then living mostly west of the Missouri River, in 
North and South Dakota. For many years they have 
been mainly located on the Cheyenne River Reser- 
vation, S. Dak., in which state 213 were enumerated 
in 1910 out of a total of 222. 

Sihasapa (syn. Blackfoot Sioux). — ^A tribe or sub- 
division of the Teton group of the Sioux. About the 
middle of the nineteenth century, when first known to 
Europeans, they were living west of the Missouri in 
North and South Dakota. They are now located on 
the Cheyenne River and Standing Rock Reservations, 
N. and S. Dak. The number enumerated in 1910 was 
485, of which 346 were in South Dakota and 137 in 
North Dakota. 

Two Kettle Sioux. — A tribe or subdivision of the 
Teton group of the Sioux. They are not mentioned 
much before the middle of the nineteenth century, 
when they occupied the region along the Missouri 



River and its western tributaries in South Dakota. 
For 40 years or more they have been located mainly 
on the Cheyenne River Reservation, S. Dak. The 
number enumerated in 1910 was 293, of which 288 
were in South Dakota and 5 in North Dakota. 

Winnebago. — In the early part of the seventeenth 
century, when first known to Europeans, this tribe 
was located in the vicinity of Green Bay, Wis. Mov- 
ing west in the first part of the nineteenth century, 
a portion of the tribe was located successively in 
Iowa, Minnesota, and South Dakota, until in 1864 
they were finally assigned to a reservation in Nebraska, 
where they have since remamed. More than half 
their number, however, are still found in Wisconsin. 

The number enumerated in 1910 wa.s 1,820, of 
which 1,007 were in Nebraska and 735 in Wisconsin. 
Comparative figures are available for the tribe in 
these two states, from the reports of the Commis- 
sioner of Indian Affairs, as far back as 1865, but, 
prior to 1900, they include estimates only for that 
portion in Wisconsin. The figures are as foUows: 



YEAB. 


Nebraska. 


Wiscon- 
sin. 


YEAB. 


Nebraska. 


Wiscon- 
sin. 


1910 


1,063 
1,074 
1,134 
1,208 
1,212 


1,270 

1,312 

1.447 

930 

930 


1885 


1,214 
1,429 
1,667 
1,340 
1,750 


930 




1880 


930 


IQOO 


1875 


656 




1870 


995 


1890 


1865 


700 









The decrease in the Nebraska branch has been very 
heavy, but the Wisconsin branch has probably 
increased, owing to the large proportion of mixed- 
bloods. A portion of the Wisconsin Winnebago was 
presumably enumerated, without distinction of tribe, 
among the general population. 

Yanl'ton Sioux. — One of the seven main divisions 
of the Dakota or Sioux. Originally closely asso- 
ciated with and probably one with the Yanktonai 
and Assiniboin, their habitat, when first found by 
Europeans in the seventeenth century, was in northern 
and central Minnesota. At the beginning of the 
nineteenth century they had moved southward to 
southeastern South Dakota and the adjacent parts of 
Minnesota and Iowa. Smce 1860, or before, they 
have been located at the Yankton Reservation in 
South Dakota. 

A considerable number of Sioux were enumerated 
without designation of band or subdivision, simply 
as "Sioux" (see p. 102), and thus the totals given for 
the various subdivisions are necessarily incomplete. 

The Yankton, as enumerated in 1910, numbered 
2,088, distributed as follows: South Dakota, 1,534; 
Montana, 372; North Dakota, 159; scattering, 23. 
The nmnber reported fi-om Montana includes some 
who are in reality Yanktonai Sioux, but who have 
been known as Yankton Sioux for many years. Com- 
parative figures for this tribe in South Dakota are of 
value as far back as 1876, and, compiled fi-om the 



104 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, are as 
follows : 



TEAR. 


Number. 


YEAB. 


Number. 


1910 


1,753 
1,698 
1,700 
1,735 


1890. . . 


1,725 
1,726 
2,019 
1,992 


1905 


1885 


1900 


1880 


1895 


1876. 







Yanktonai Sioux (syn. Pabaksa Sioux). — Formerly 
one of the largest of the many tribes of the Sioux. 
Originally one with the Yankton and apparently also 
with the Assiniboin, their habitat in the seventeenth 
century, when first known to Europeans, was in north- 
ern Minnesota. From there they moved westward 
to the Dakotas, probably about the begining of the 
eighteenth century, and became divided into two 
sections, known as the Upper and Lower Yanktonai. 
The Pabaksa Sioux are a division of the former. 
The Upper Yanktonai are now located at Standing 
Rock Reservation, S. Dak., and some at Devils Lake, 
N. Dak. Of the Lower Yanktonai some are located 
at Crow Creek Reservation, S. Dak., some at Standing 
Rock, and some at Fort Peck, Mont., where they are 
wrongly known as Yankton. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 1,357, of 
which 803 were in South Dakota, 551 in North Dakota, 
and 3 were scattering. A large proportion of the 
372 Yankton Sioux reported from Montana are in 
reahty Yanktonai, but it was impossible to separate 
them. It is also probable that many of this group were 
returned without designation of band or subdivision, 
and are therefore included among the "Sioux" (see 
p. 102). 

Comparative figures for the whole tribe are impos- 
sible to secure in regular series, as those members of 
the tribe at Standing Rock Reservation have not 
been reported separately since 1893, those at Devils 
Lake since 1890, and all the bands are much mixed. 
In 1842 the whole tribe was estimated at 6,000. In 
1875 the number returned was 8,129, which in 1880 
had decreased to 7,052, in 1884 to C,618, and in 1893 
to 4,062. These figures are, however, very uncer- 
tain and can be considered only as approximations. 
Figures are available for those at Crow Creek and 
Fort Peck since 1893. In 1894 these numbered 
altogether 2,340; in 1900, 2,181; in 1905, 2,125. 
It is clear, therefore, that the Yanktonai have, in the 
last 17 years, slowly and steadily declined in numbers. 

TAKELMAN STOCK. 

A small tribe forming by itself an independent lin- 
guistic stock. Their habitat at the end of the nine- 
teenth century was on the middle Rogue River and 
its northern tril)utari{>s in Oregon. The tribe is now 
nearly extinct, the few survivors being on the Siletz 
Reservation. But a single individual in Washington 
was enumerated in 1910 as of this tribe, a male half- 
breed. It is probable that a few other remaining sur- 
vivors were enumerated as Rogue River. 



TANOAN STOCK. 

Stoclc as a whole. — One of the three stocks of so- 
called "pueblo" Indians in New Mexico. Since the 
sixteenth century they have been located along or 
near the Rio Grande River at various points from near 
the northern edge to the central portion of the state. 
One isolated group of people belonging to the stock 
has been located at Hano pueblo, among the Hopi in 
Arizona since the eighteenth century, and since the 
seventeenth century some few have been located far- 
ther south along ttie Rio Grande River in Chihuahua. 

The Indians of the Tanoan stock, as enumerated in 
1910, numbered 3,140. At the present time the most 
important of the pueblos occupied by this stock are as 
follows : 

Sandia. 
Santa Clara. 
Taos. 
Tesuque. 

Tliese various pueblos have generally been grouped 
into three divisions, roughly corresponding with 
tribes, as follows: 

1. Tewa, comprising Nambe, Pojoaque, San Ildefonso, San Juan, 

Santa Clara, and Tesuque. 

2. Tigua, comprising Isleta, Picuris, Sandia, and Taos. 

3. Jemez (inchiding the survivors of Pecos). 

Isleta. — The name of two pueblos occupied by people 
of this stock, one of which is located on the Rio Grande 
River, in Bernalillo County, N. Mex., and the other 
(an offshoot of the first in the seventeenth century) 
also on the Rio Grande, but just over the international 
boundary in Mexico. Those here enumerated are 
with few exceptions all from the northern pueblo. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 956, of which 
910 were in New Mexico. Since 1860 the figures given 
in the reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs 
for that portion in New Mexico are as follows: 



Isleta. 


Picuris. 


Jemez. 


Pojoaque. 


Nambe. 


San Ildefonso. 


Pecos. 


San Juan. 



TEAR. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 


1900 


1,021 
1,007 
1,081 


1871... 
1864... 
1860. . . 




768 
786 
440 


1890... 


1881 





Jemez. — A tribe located since the latter part of the 
eighteenth century at the present pueblo of Jemez, 
in Sandoval County, N. Mex. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 499, aU in New 
Mexico. The following figures, reported by the Com- 
missioner of Indian Affairs, show that the Jemez have 
increased in numbers since 1871: 



YEAR. 


Number. 


YEAB. 


Number. 


1000 


449 
483 
401 


1871 


344 
650 


IS'.IO 


1860 


1881 









Namhe.—A. pueblo occupied by Indians belonging 
to the Tewa subdivision of this stock and located since 
the seventeenth century on the river of the same name 
in Santo Fe County, N. Mex. 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



105 



The number enumerated in 1910 was 88, all in New 
lilexico. The following figures, contained in the 
reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, show 
that, compared with 50 years ago, the population of 
this pueblo has decreased: 



YEAR. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 


1000 


SO 
86 
66 


1871... 

1800... 




78 


1JJ90. 


103 


ISSl 









Pecos. — A large pueblo formerly occupied b_y In- 
dians of this stock located on the Pecos River in San 
Mguel County, N. Mex. In 1838 the pueblo was 
abandoned, the few survivors being located mainly 
at Jemez. The number enumerated in 1910 was 10, of 
which 9 were in New Mexico and 1 in Pennsylvania. 

Picuris. — A pueblo belonging to the Tigua sub- 
division of this stock and located just east of the 
Rio Grande River, in Taos County, N. Mex. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 104, all in 
New Mexico. The following figures, taken from the 
reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, show 
that the Picuris have decreased, as compared with 
50 years ago: 



TEAR. 


Number. 


TEAK. 


Niunber. 


1900 


96 
91 
115 


1871 


127 




1860 


143 


1881 











Pojoaque. — A small pueblo belonging to the Tewa 
subdivision of this stock and located east of the Rio 
Grande River, in Sante Fe County, N. Mex. The 
pueblo is now abandoned and the few survivors 
scattered. 

The Pojoaque, as enumerated in 1910, numbered 
16, all in New ^Mexico. Their number has decreased 
since 1860, when the number reported by the Com- 
missioner of Indian Affairs was 37. 

San Udefonso. — A pueblo belonging to the Tewa 
subdivision of this stock and located on the Rio 
Grande River, in Sante Fe County, N. Mex. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 123, all in 
New Mexico. The following figures, taken from the 
reports of the Commissioner of Indian Aft'airs, show 
this pueblo to be slowly decreasing: 



TEAB. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 


1900... 


138 
151 
139 


1871 


156 


1890 


1860 


154 


1881.. 











San Juan. — A pueblo belonging to the Tewa sub- 
division of this stock, and located on the Rio Grande 
River in Rio Arriba County, N. Mex. 



The number enumerated in 1910 was 387, of which 
3S4 were in New Mexico. The following figures, taken 
from the reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 
show that the population of this pueblo has varied 
but Uttle for the last 50 years: 



YEAR. 


Number. 


YEAR. 


Number. 


1900 


379 
374 
408 


1871 . .. 


426 


1890 


1860 


341 


1881 











Sandia. — A pueblo belonging to the Tigua sub- 
division of this stock and located on the Rio Grande 
River, in Sandoval County, N. Mex. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 73, all in New 
Mexico. Since 1860 the numbers given for this 
pueblo in the reports of the Commissioner of Indian 
Affairs show that they are decreasing rapidly. The 
figures are as follows: 



YEAR. 


Number. 


YEAR. 


Number. 




76 
145 
350 


1871 


186 


1890 


1860 


217 


1881 











Santa Clara. — A pueblo belonging to the Tewa sub- 
division of this stock and located on the Rio Grande 
River in Rio Arriba County, N. Mex. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 277, all in New 
Mexico. The following figures, taken from the reports 
of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, show that the 
population of this pueblo has increased in the last 
50 years: 



YEAR. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 




221 
204 
212 


1871 


189 


1890 


1860 


179 


1881 











Taos. — A pueblo belonging to the Tigua subdivision 
of this stock and located on the river of the same name 
m Taos County, N. Mex. 

The number enumerated m 1910 was 517, all in New 
Mexico. The following figures, taken from the reports 
of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, show that the 
population of this pueblo has mcreased in the last 
50 years: 



TEAR. 


Number. 


YE-\R. 


Number. 




414 
382 
391 


1871 


397 


1890 


I860 


363 


1881 











Tesuque. — A pueblo belonging to the Tewa subdi- 
vision of this stock and located east of the Rio Grande 
River in Sante Fe Coimty, N. Mex. 



106 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



The number enumerated in 1910 was 77, all in New 
Mexico. The following figures, taken from the reports 
of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, show that the 
population of this pueblo has declined somewhat in the 
last 50 years: 



YEAS. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 


1900 


80 
102 
99 


1871 


98 


1890 


1860 


97 


1881 











Tribe not reported. — Thirteen Indians (6 males and 

7 females) were enumerated in 1910 as belonging to the 
Tewa group of this stock, but without statement as to 
the precise pueblo to which they belonged. All were 
in New Mexico, and were reported as being of full-tribal 
blood. 

TAKASCAN STOCK. 

A Mexican stock whose habitat lies mainly in the 
state of Oaxaca. One white half-breed male of this 
stock was enumerated in California in 1910, his tribal 
affiliation not being reported. 

TLiNGiT STOCK (syn. Koluschan). 

Stock as a whole. — A coastal stock of southern Alaska, 
occupying the coast and adjacent islands from Port- 
land Canal to Controller Bay (see p. 115). The num- 
ber enumerated in continental United States in 1910 
was 32. 

The tribes of this stock for which members were 
reported are as follows : 

Auk. Chilkat. Kake. 

Auk. — A southern Alaska tribe of which 2 members 
were enumerated in Oregon in 1910, 1 male and 1 
female of white and Indian parentage. 

Chilkat. — A southern Alaska tribe of which 4 mem- 
bers were enumerated in Oregon in 1910, all mixed- 
blood males of white and Indian parentage. 

Kake. — A southern Alaska tribe of which 3 members 
were enumerated ui Oregon in 1910, 1 male and 2 
females, all white half-breeds. 

Trihe not reported. — Twenty-three members of this 
Alaskan stock, without statement as to tribe, were 
enumerated in the United States in 1910, 15 males and 

8 females, distributed among the states as follows: 
Oregon, 19; California, 3; Washington, 1. 

TONKA WAN STOCK. 

A tribe forming bj' itself a separate linguistic stock. 
Their habitat in the eighteenth century was in central 
Texas. After being located on various reservations 
since the middle of the nmeteenth century, the rem- 
nant was, in 1884, finally located on the Oakland 
Reservation, Okla. 

The Tonkawa, as enumerated in 1910, numbered 
42, all in Oklahoma. Accordmg to the reports of the 
Commissioner of Indian Affairs this tribe has been 
decreasing since 1855, when 171 were reported. 



TSIMSHIAN STOCK. 

An Alaskan stock (see p. 115) whose name has been 
derived from that of a single tribe, the Tsimsliian. 
The number enumerated m contmental United States 
in 1910 was 51, of which 37 were in Washington and 
14 in Oregon. 

y TUNICAN STOCK. 

A tribe forming by itself a distinct linguistic stock, 
occupying in the seventeenth century the region along 
the lower Yazoo River, Miss. The few survivors are 
now living in northern Louisiana. The mmiber enu- 
merated in 1910 was 43, all in Louisiana. 

WAIILATPUAN STOCK. 

Stock as a whole. — A stock occupying a small area 
east and west of the Cascades, just south of the Colum- 
bia River m Oregon. 

The Indians of the Waiilatpuan stock, as enumer- 
erated in 1910, numbered 329. The tribes of this 
stock, for which members were reported, are as foUows: 



Caj'use. 



Molala. 



Cayuse. — -The easternmost of the two tribes com- 
posing this stock. Tlieir habitat, when first known 
to Europeans, comprised a considerable area in north- 
eastern Oregon and a portion of southern Walla Walla 
County, Wash. Since 1885 they have been located at 
the UmatiUa Reservation in Oregon. The Cayuse 
have always been veiy closely affiliated with the Nez 
Perces. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 298, of which 
277 were in Oregon. From the reports of the Com- 
missioner of Indian Affairs comparative figures are 
available since 1870, but are of rather uncertain value, 
the sudden fluctuations in numbers not being easily 
accounted for. The figures for this tribe in Oregon 
are as follows : 



YEAR. 


Number. 


YEAR. 


Number. 


1910 




298 
403 
365 
422 
415 


1885 


340 


1905 


1880 


385 


1900 


1875 


385 


1895 


1870 


334 


1890... 







Molala. — -The westernmost of the two tribes com- 
po.5iug this stock. ^Vlthough tratlitionally their early 
home was east of the Cascades, adjoining the Cayuse, 
when first known to Europeans in the beginning of 
the runeteenth centuiy, they were living on the west 
slope of the Cascades, in Clackamas and Mai'ion 
Counties, Oreg. By 1867 the majority of the Molala 
had been placed on the Grande Ronde Reservation, 
Oreg., but some were scattered in northeastern Jack- 
son and eastern Douglas Counties, and on the Kla- 
math Reservation. At i^resent a remnant remains at 
Grande Ronde, with a few scattered throughout the 
Cascades. The number enumerated in 1910 was 31, 
of which 25 were in Oregon. 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



107 



WAKASHAN STOCK. 

Stocl- as a whole. — ^A stock whose main area of dis- 
tributiou lies oiitsido the Uiiitcd States, in British 
Columbia, mainly in Vancouver Island and the ad- 
jacent mainland coast as far north as 54 degrees north 
latitude. 

The Indians of the Walcashan stock in the United 
States, as enumerated in 1910, numbered 388. The 
tribes of this stock, for which members were reported, 
are as follows : 

Kitamat. Makah. 

Kwaldutl. Nootka. 

Kitamat. — A tribe closely related to the Kwakiutl, 
living on Douglas Channel, British Columbia. One 
white half-breed woman, belonging to this tribe, was 
enumerated in Washington in 1910. 

KwaHutl. — -A tribe occupying the northeastern por- 
tion of Vancouver Island. One male, a mixed 
Kwakiutl-Lummi, was reported from Washington in 
1910. 

Mal-ah. — Tlae only tribe of this stock living within 
the United States, the other members occupying parts 
of Vancouver Island and the adjacent coast of British 
Columbia. 

The Makah have lived, since Icnown to Europeans 
at the end of the eighteenth century, in the vicinity of 
Cape Flattery, Wash., where a reservation was estab- 
lished for them in 1855. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 360, of which 
354 were in Washington and 6 in Oregon. From the 
follo^\'ing figures, taken from the reports of the Com- 
missioner of Indian Affairs, it is seen that the general 
course of the population of this tribe in Wasliington 
was slightly downward from 1870 to 1900, after which 
there was an increase. The high figures for 1865 and 
1880 must have been due to errors of some sort. 



TEAR. 


Number. 


TEAR. 


Number. 


1910 . . . . 


432 
435 
407 
426 
454 
523 


1880 


728 


1905 


1875 


553 


1900 • . . . 


1870 


558 


1895 


1865 


700 


1890 


1860 


500 


1&S5 











NootJca. — A tribe occupying the western coast of 
Vancouver Island, British Columbia, and very closely 
allied to the Makah, with whom those in the United 
States are intermarried. The Nootka in the United 
States, as enumerated in 1910, numbered 15, aU in 
Wasliington. 

Tribe not reported. — Eleven Indians (4 males and 7 
females) from British Columbia were enumerated in 
Washington in 1910, for whom only the fact that they 
belonged to this stock could be determined. 



WASHOAN STOCK. 

A small tribe constituting by itself a distinct lin- 
guistic stock. The Washo have lived since the begin- 
iiuig of the nineteenth century in the region about 
Lake Tahoe and eastward in California and Nevada. 
Tliey have never been upon any reservation. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 819, of which 
536 were in Nevada and 273 in California. The Washo 
were roughly estimated at about 900 in 1860 and about 
500 in 1870. Comparisons with later years are not 
available from the reports of the Commissioner of In- 
dian Affairs. 

wiNTUN STOCK (syn. Copehan). 

Stocic as a whole. — A Californian stock occupying 
the western half of the Sacramento VaUey and part 
of Trinity County. 

The Indians of the Wintun stock, as enumerated in 
1910, numbered 710. The tribes of this stock, for 
which members were reported, are as follows : 



Nomelald. 



Pa twin. 



Wintun. 



Nomelaki. — A somewhat vague subgroup of the 
Wintun, including mainly those members of the 
Wintun, which have been located for many years on 
the Kound Valley Reservation. The number enumer-' 
ated in 1910 was 125, of which 122 were in California 
and 3 in Pennsylvania. 

Patwin. — The southern division of this stock, occu- 
pying, since known to Europeans, an area which may 
be roughly described as the western half of the Sacra- 
mento VaUey from the northern line of Colusa County 
to San Pablo and Suisun Bays. The Patwin have 
never been reservation Indians and are now widely 
scattered in small numbers over their original territory. 
The Patwin, as enumerated in 1910, numbered 186, all 
in California. 

Wintun (syn. Trinity Indians). — The northern di- 
vision of this stock occupying, since known to Euro- 
peans at the beginning of the nineteenth century, a 
considerable area in northern California, which may 
be roughly described as including the whole of Glenn 
County, the western parts of Tehama and Shasta 
Counties, and the northeastern half of Trinity County. 
The Wintun have never been reservation Indians. A 
small portion laiown locally as Nomelaki have been 
located at the Round VaUey Reservation for many 
years, but the majority of the tribe are scattered over 
their original territory. As the Nomelaki have formed 
a more or less separate group for many years, the 
Wintun proper and the Nomelaki are here given sepa- 
rately. The number enumerated in 1910 was 399, of 
which 395 were in California and 4 in Nevada. 



108 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



wiYAT STOCK (syn. Wishoskan). 

A small group constituting by itself a distinct lin- 
guistic stock and destitute of any real tribal subdivi- 
sions or popular name other than Humboldt Bay. 
Their habitat since earliest traditional times has been 
on the northern California coast in the vicinity of 
Humboldt Bay, Humboldt County. They have not 
been located on any reservation and are to-day scat- 
tered throughout their original territory. The num- 
ber enumerated in 1910 was 152, all in California. 

YAKONAN STOCK. 

StocJc as a whole. — A small Oregon stock, formerly 
occupying an area along the coast in Lincoln, Lane, 
and Douglas Counties. 

The Indians of the Yakonan stock, as enumerated 
in 1910, numbered 55. The tribes of this stock, for 
which members were reported, are as follows : 



Siuelaw. 



Yaquiua. 



Alsea. — The habitat of the Alsea, when first known 
to Europeans in the beginning of the nineteenth cen- 
tury, was on Alsea Bay and Eiver in southern Lincoln 
and Benton Counties, Oreg. A reservation was estab- 
lished for them in this vicinity at first, but about 1870 
they were moved to the Siletz Reservation, and a few 
were later placed at Grande Ronde. The remnant are 
now mainly located at Siletz. The number enumer- 
ated in 1910 was 29, of which 27 were in Oregon. 

Siuslaw. — The southernmost of the tribes compos- 
ing this stock. Their habitat, when first Imown to 
Europeans at the beginning of the nineteenth century, 
was on the Siuslaw River and the adjacent coast in 
western Lane County, Oreg. They were gathered at 
an early date on the Alsea Reservation and transferred 
later to the Siletz Reservation where the remnant still 
resides. The Siuslaw, as enumerated in 1910, num- 
bered 7, all in Oregon. 

Yaquina. — A small tribe living in the early nine- 
teenth century about Yaquina Bay, Lincoln County, 
Oreg. The remnant is now mainly located on the 
SUetz Reservation. The number enumerated in 1910 
was 19, of which 13 were in Oregon and 6 in Wash- 
ington. 

TANAN STOCK (syn. Nozi). 

The only surviving subdivision of tliis small stock, 
wliich occupied a small area iii northern California, in 
northeastern Tehama, and the adjacent parts of Shasta 
County as far north as Round Mountain. In 1864 
nearly the entire tribe, tlien numbering about 3,000, 
was massacred by miners. The whole stock is to-day 
practically extinct, only 39 having been enumerated 
in 1910, all in California. 



YOKUTs STOCK (syu. Mariposau). 

StocJc as a whole. — This is a Cahfornian stock, occu- 
pying an area in the southeastern part of the Sacra- 
mento VaUey and the adjacent foothills of the Sierra 
Nevada. 

The Indians of the Yokuts stock, as enumerated in 
1910, numbered 533. The tribes of this stock, for 
which members were reported, are as follows : 

Choinimni. Kashowoo. Wikchamni. 

Chookiminah. Tachi. Yokuts. 

Chukchansi. Wechikhit. Yowdanchi. 

Choinimni. — A small group of Indians whose habitat 
was formerly on Kings River, near the mouth of Mill 
Creek, in Fresno County, Cal. The number enumer- 
ated in 1910 was 18, all in Cahfornia. 

Choohimindh. — A small group of Indians hving in 
Fresno County, Cal. The number enumerated in 1910 
was 4, all in California. 

Chukchansi. — One of the northern tribes of this 
stock occupying the foothills in the southern part of 
Madera County, Cal. The number enumerated in 1910 
was 144, of which 142 were in Cahfornia and 2 in 
Arizona. 

Kashowoo. — A small group belonging to this stock 
and living in Fresno County, Cal. The number enu- 
merated in 1910 was 4, all in California. 

Tachi. — A tribe formerly living in the southern end 
of the San Joaquin Valley, Cal. The siu-vivors are 
now mainly located in Kings County. The number 
enumerated in 1910 was 27, all in California. 

Wechikhit. — A small tribe living formerly on lower 
Kings River, Fresno County, Cal. The number enu- 
merated in 1910 was 6, all in California. 

Wikchamni. — ^A small tribe living on the Kaweah 
River in Tidare Coimty, Cal. The number enumerated 
in 1910 was 25, of which 24 were in California and 1 in 
Washington. 

Yokuts. — ^A tribe formerly comprising a number of 
separate subdivisions and occupying a considerable 
area in the southern San Joaquin Valley (chicfl}- in 
Madera, Fresno, and Tulare Counties), Cal. A por- 
tion of the survivors are now located on the Tide 
River Reservation, the remainder being scattered 
tlu-oughout the area of then- former habitat. Of the 
many subdivisions formerly existing, representatives 
of the Choinimni, Chookiminah, Chukchansi, Kasho- 
woo, Tachi, Wechikhit, Wikchamni, and Yowdanchi 
were enumerated by the present census. The frag- 
ments of the many other tribes, together perhaps with 
a few other individuals of the above tribes, are here 
grouped simply as Yokuts — a portion now being lo- 
cated on the Tule River Reservation and the others 
scattering. The Yokuts so definod, as enumerated 
in 1910, numbered 302, all in California. 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



109 



You'dancM.—A tribe living formerly on the Tulo 
River in Tiilarc County, Cal. The remnant is now lo- 
cated on the Tnlo River Reservation. The nvmiber 
enumerated m 1910 was 3, all in California. 

YUCnEAN STOCK. 

A tribe forming by itself an independent hnguistic 
stock. Their habitat in the eighteenth centmy was 
on the middle Savaimah River, Ga. In 18.36 they 
removed to Oldahoma where the majority Uve among 
the Croelcs, a portion being settled among the Shaw- 
nee. The Yuchi, as eiuimerated in 1910, numbered 78, 
of which 74 were in Oklahoma and 4 in the District of 
Columbia. 

TXJKIAN STOCK. 

Sfocl: as a wliole. — A Californian stock occupymg 
thi-ee small separate areas in Mendocmo, Sonoma, 
Lake, and Napa Counties. 

The Indians of the Yukian stock, as enumerated 
in 1910, numbered 198. The tribes of this stock, for 
which members were reported, are as follows- 



Coast Yuki. 
Redwood. 



Wappo. 
Yuki. 



The Indians of the Yuman stock m thcUnited Slates, 
as enumerated in 1910, numbered 4,279. The tribes 
of this stock, for which members were reported, are as 
follows : 



Cocopa. 

Diegueno. 

Havasupai. 



Maricopa. 

Mohave. 

Walapai. 



Yavapai. 

Yuma. 

Yuma Apache. 



Coast Yuki. — The northernmost of the three smaller 
subdivisions of this stock. They occupied originally 
the northern portion of the coast of Mendocino County, 
Cal., and the few siirvivors are mainly to be foimd in 
the same region still. They are not reservation 
Indians. The nmnber enumerated in 1910 was 15, all 
in California. 

Redwood (syn. Huchnom). — A small subdivision of 
the Yuki in Mendocino County, Cal., now located on 
the Round Valley Reservation. They are commonly 
known by the name of Redwood. The nmnber enu- 
merated in 1910 was 15, all in California. 

Wappo. — ^The southernmost of the three smaller 
subdivisions of this stock. Then- habitat was in 
northern California in the vicuiity of the point where 
Lake, Sonoma, and Napa Counties join. The nmnber 
enumerated in 1910 was 73, all in California. 

YuM. — The largest group or tribe of this stock. 
Then- habitat, since earhest traditional times, has been 
in northern Mendocino County, Cal., chiefly in and 
about Round Valley. Since the establishment of the 
Round Valley Reservation in 1856, the majority of 
the Yuki have been located there, although some few 
are scattered over the remainder of their former habi- 
tat. The number enumerated in 1910 was 95, of 
which 91 were in California. 

TtTMAN STOCK. 

Stock as a whole. — The area occupied by this stock in 
the United States Ues wholly in southeastern Arizona 
and southern California. It also extends over the 
larger portion of Lower California. 



Cocopa.— A tribe occupying, since the early seven- 
teenth century at least, the region about the mouth 
of the Colorado River in Arizona and Lower Cali- 
fornia. The number enumerated in 1910 was 245, 
of which 229 were in Arizona and 16 in California. 

Diegueno. — A collective name belonging to several 
small tribes originally distinct. The area occupied 
by tins group comprised the western portion of San 
Diego County, Cal. For many years they have been 
located on a number of small reservations in this 
same area. The name is, however, of rather uncer- 
tain extension. 

The number enumerated m 1910 was 756, all in 
California. Comparative figures are difficult to secure, 
as the name Diegueno has at different tunes included 
Indians of other tribal affiliations. According to the 
reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, the 
Indians known as the Diegueno were estimated in 
1870 at 1,257; m 1881 they had apparently decreased 
to 731, in 1891 to 685, and in 1901 to 643. 

Havasupai. — A small tribe perhaps originally de- 
rived from the Walapai. In 1850 and probably much 
earher they were living in central Arizona, but later 
moved northward to Cataract Canyon where a reser- 
vation was set apart for them in 1882. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 174, all in 
Arizona. According to the reports of the Commis- 
sioner of Indian Affairs, this tribe numbered 214 in 
1882, the first year for which figures are available; 
250 in 1900, the increase being due probably to the 
gradual coming into the reservation of stragghng 
members of the tribe; and smce 1900 they have de- 
creased steadily until in 1910 they were reported 
at 177. 

Maricopa. — The home of this tribe has been, since 
the eighteenth century at least, along the lower por- 
tion of the GOa River in Arizona. They have for 
many years been very closely associated with the 
Pima. For 50 years they have been located mainly 
on the Gila River Reservation. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 386, of which 
382 were in Arizona and 4 in California. Compara- 
tive figures for previous years are probably of little 
value. According to the reports of the Commissioner 
of Indian Affau-s, they fluctuated from 1880 to 1900 
between 200 and 514; for the last 10 years the number 
reported has been about stationary at 350. 

MoTiave (Mojave). — One of the largest of the tribes 
of this stock. Since first known to Europeans they have 
occupied the region along the Colorado River, chiefly 
on the eastern side above Needles. For many years 



110 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



they have been mainly located on the Colorado River 
Reservation and in the vicinity of Fort Mohave in 
Arizona. The Mohave, or Mohave-Apache so called, 
who for some years have been located at Camp Mc- 
Dowell and on the San Carlos Reservation in Arizona, 
are not true Mohave but Yavapai. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 1,058, of which 
667 were in Arizona and 389 in Cahfornia. Compara- 
tive figures for the whole tribe are mainly estimates 
previous to 1904, although for those on the Colorado 
River Reservation the figures may be used with care 
as far back as 1880. Estimated at the end of the 
eighteenth century at about 3,000, they probably 
numbered nearly 2,000 in 1880. By 1890 they had 
decreased to 1,717, and 15 years later to 1,364. It is 
clear, therefore, that the Mohave have been decreasing 
steadilj' in numbers, and in the last 30 years have been 
reduced nearly one-half. 

Walapai (syn. Hualapai). — This tribe formerly oc- 
cupied a large area in northwestern Arizona, extending 
from the great bend of the Colorado River eastward. 
The Walapai Reservation was set apart for them in 
1880, but comparatively few of the tribe Hve upon it. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 501, of which 
496 were in Arizona. Figures for comparison are of 
little value back of 1890, at which time the tribe in 
Arizona was estimated at 700. Since then there has 
been a marked decrease, as shown by the following 
figures, taken from the reports of the Commissioner 
of Indian Affairs : 



YEAR. 


Number. 


TEAK. 


Number. 


1910 


498 
520 
584 


1S95.... 


619 


1905 


1890 


700 


1900 











Yavapai (syn. Mohave-Apache) . — The early home of 
this tribe was in southwestern Arizona, just east of 
the Colorado River. In 1873 they were placed on the 
Rio Verde Reservation and two years later trans- 
ferred to the San Carlos Reservation with the Apache. 
About 1900 most of the tribe returned to the Rio 
Verde. The names Mohave-Apache and Apache- 
Mohave are misnomers, the tribe being wholly dis- 
tinct from the Apache. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 289, aU in 
Arizona. Comparisons with figures for early years 
are of httle real value. In 1870 the Yavapai were 
estimated at about 1,000, and seem thus to have de- 
creased largely in the last 40 years. 

Ymna. — The tribe from wliich the stock takes its 
name. Its earliest known habitat was along the Col- 
orado River, below the junction of the Gila, an area in 
which they were found by the Spanish at the beginning 
of the seventeenth century. In 1884 a reservation was 
set apart for them in the extreme southeastern comer 
of CaUfomia, along the Colorado River. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 834, of which 
642 were in California, 191 in Arizona, and 1 in Penn- 
sylvania. Comparative figiu-es are of little value previ- 



ous to 1895. They were estimated about 1853 at 3,000 
(probably an overestimate) and in 1890 at 1,000, since 
wliich year they have decreased steadily, as shown by 
the following figures for the tribe in California, taken 
from the reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs: 



TEAK. 


Number. 


YEAR. 


Number. 


1910 


655 
675 


1900 .. 


034 


1905 : 


1895 


707 









Yuma Apache. — A group of Indians, probably of 
mixed Yuma, Mohave, and Yavapai origin, hving in 
western Aiizona. Most of them are now located on the 
San Carlos Reservation. The Yuma Apache, ;is 
enumerated in 1910, numbered 24, all in Arizona. 

Tribe not reported. — The Indians of Lower Cahfornia 
belong to various tribes of this stock. The 12 (6 males 
and 6 females) enumerated in 1910 were given without 
tribal name, but as born in Lower Cahfornia. 

YUEOK STOCK (syn. Weitspekan) . 

A body of Indians without tribal subdivisions or any 
distinctive popular name, and forming by themselves 
a separate Ihiguistic stock. Their habitat, as far back 
as tradition extends, has been m the northwestern 
part of California in northern Humboldt and southern 
Del Norte Comities, along the Klamath River from 
a little above the mouth of the Trinity to the sea, and 
southward along the coast nearly to Mad River. The 
name Weitspec is sometimes locally apphed to a por- 
tion of this stock. They are perhaps most commonly 
known as Klamath Indians, a term apphed also to 
Indians of several other stocks along tliis river. The 
number enumerated in 1910 was 668, all m California. 

ZAPOTECAN STOCK. 

A Mexican stock whose habitat lies mainly in the 
state of Oaxaca. One Zapotec woman of this stock, 
of fuU-tribal blood, was enumerated in Oklahoma in 
1910. 

ZUNIAN STOCK. 

One of the best known and largest groups of the 
pueblo peoples of New Mexico. First seen by Euro- 
peans in the early part of the sixteenth century, the 
Zuni had then aheady long been occupying the region 
where they still hve, Valencia County, N. Mex. For- 
merly in several villages, they now occupy mainly the 
one pueblo of Zuni, in summer also using the smaller 
villages of Pescado, Nutria, and Ojo Cahente. 

The number enumerated in 1910 was 1,667, of 
which 1,664 were in New Mexico. Figures for com- 
parison are available in complete series only to 1890. 
Earher than this, occasional figures are given as far 
back as the seventeenth century. At the earUest pe- 
riod the population was estimated at about 2,500, and 
in 1808 at 1,557. At or about this figiu-e the popula- 
tion remained stationary for nearly a century, recently 
recovering from a considerable loss by epidemic in 
1898-99. 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



Ill 



MISCELLANEOUS. 

There were 1,G44 poi-sons returned on the special 
Indian schedule for whom the stock or tribe was not 
reported, or for whom the return was too indefuiite to 
admit of classification. These returns were as follows: 

Sixteen were reported as having come from Alaska, 
and were distributed among the states, as follows: 
Oregon, 7; Pennsylvania, 6; Washington, 2; North 
Dakota, 1. 

One hmidi-ed and twenty-two were reported as 
having come from California. 

Two hundred and twenty-eight were returned as 
"Cupeno," a name given to the former occupants of 
the village of Cupa or Gupa, now located mainly at 
Pala, San Diego County, Cal. They were in all 
probability Shoshonean (Luiseno), but owing to the 
inclusion of some Diegueno they are iiot here included 
under any stock. 

Fifteen were reported as "Digger," a name long 
iised popidarly for a large number of different IncUan 
tribes of California, Oregon, Nevada, and the whole 
of the interior plateau region. The name has no 
value and is very confusing. Special instructions 
were given to enumerators not to use the name, 
nevertheless 12 were reported from Pennsylvania, 
2 from Nevada, and 1 from Utah. It was not pos- 
sible to assign them to any definite tribe or stock. 

Twenty-seven were ret\irned simply as "ilission 
Indians," a general tenn applied to all the coastal 
Indians of southern California and which gives no 
indication of tribal or stock affihation. They were 



probably Shoshonean or Yuman. They were mostly 
Indian children at school and were distril)uted among 
the states, as follows: Aiizona, 10; Pennsylvania, 7; 
Kansas, 5; California, 3; Oregon, 2. 

Four Indians were retiu-ned as "Oswego." It is 
uncertain what was meant by this name, but it is 
probable that these were Oswingo or Chenango, the 
name by wliich a portion of the Nanticoke of Mary- 
land were known from their settHng at Chenango, 
N. Y., in the middle of the eighteenth century. They 
later joined the Delaware and probably moved West 
with them. 

One himdred and eighteen Indians were returned 
as "Pueblo" without distinction as to the particular 
pueblo to which they belonged, and it was therefore 
impossible to affiliate them with their proper stock. 
The majority were either Tanoan or Keresan, and a 
few probably Hopi. Most of them were pupils at 
Indian schools and were distributed among the states, 
as follows: 36 in Kansas, 29 in Pennsylvania, 20 in 
Arizona, 17 in California, 7 in Oklahoma, 5 in New 
Mexico, and 1 each in Colorado, North Carolina, 
Oregon, and South Dakota. 

Twelve Inchans were returned as "Redwood," a 
name used locally in Cahfornia for two different 
tribes — the Huclinom, a Yukian tribe, and the 
Whilkut, an Athapaskan tribe. They could not, 
therefore, be counted with either. Of them, 11 were 
in Cahfornia and 1 in Kansas. 

In addition to the above, 1,102 Indians were re- 
ported on the schedule with the stock and tribe 
simply as "miknown." 



INDIANS IN ALASKA. 



ALGONQUIAN STOCK. 



Three members of this stock (see p. 72) belonging to 
the Delaware tribe were enumerated in Alaska in 
1910 — 2 males, 1 of full blood and 1 of mixed blood, 
and 1 mixed-blood female. 

ATHAPASKAN STOCK. 

Stock as a whole. — One of the largest of the stocks 
in North America, tribes belonging to it being found 
from near the Arctic coast to the Mexican boundary 
(see also p. 77). The area occupied by the northern 
and territorially largest portion of the stock may be 
described in general as inclucUng the whole interior of 
Alaska and northern British Columbia, and the whole 
of the Canadian territories of Yukon, Mackenzie, and 
Athabasca. The tribal divisions are somewhat un- 
certain. The Indians of the Athapaskan stock in 
Alaska, as enumerated in 1910, numbered 3,916. The 
tribes of this stock, for which members were reported 
in Alaska, are as follows: 



Ahtena. 
Hankutchin. 
Kaiyuhkhotana. 
Rnaiakhotana. 



KutcMn. 
Nahane. 
Natsitkutchin. 
Tenankutchin. 



Tukkuthkutchin. 

Unakhotana. 

VuntakutcMn. 



Comparison vAih census figures for previous years is 
of doubtful value, as these were, owing to the unex- 
plored character of the country, to a considerable 
extent estimates. The mmiber reported at the census 
of 1890 was 3,520 and that of 1880 was 4,057. 

Ahtena. — A tribe occupying the basin of the Copper 
River. The number enumerated in 1910 was 297. 
The census of 1890 gave the number of this tribe as 
150, but at the census of 1880 it was reported as 250. 

Eankutchin. — A tribe belonging to the Kutchin 
division of this stock, and occupying the region along 
the Yukon River for 50 or 75 miles above and below 
the international boundary. The number enumerated 
in 1910 was 127. The census of 1880 reported 106, 
but it is probable that the returns were incomplete. 

KaiyuJiMotana. — A tribe occupying the region along 
the Yukon River between the Anvik and Koyukuk 
Rivers, and for some distance east and south toward 
the Kuskokwim River. The number enumerated in 
1910 was 160. Owing to some uncertainty in the 
application of the name, comparison with the census 
figures of earlier years is of httle value. In 1890 the 
number reported was 1,140. In 1880 the census figure 
was 1,222 and that of the Bureau of American Eth- 
nology 953. 



112 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



KnaiaMotana. — A tribe occupjang the whole of the 
Kenai Peninsula and the region around Cook Inlet 
from the head of the Knik and Shushitna Rivers south- 
west as far as Ihamna Lake. The number enumerated 
in 1910 was 697. In the early part of the nineteenth 
century this tribe was estimated at 1,300 to 1,500. 
In ISSO the census showed 614 and in 1890, S39. For 
the latter year the Bureau of Ethnology reported 724. 

Kutchin. — A group of tribes occupying a large part 
of the interior of Alaska and extenchng far into north- 
western Canada to the Mackenzie River. Their sub- 
divisions in Alaska comprise the Hankutchin, Natsit- 
kutchin, Tenankutchin, Tukkuthkutchin, and Vun- 
takutcliin. 

Under the heading of Kutchin a considerable num- 
ber of persons were enumerated ^vithout further dis- 
tinction of tribe, and these are here grouped together. 
The number enumerated as Kutchin in 1910 was 359. 
Similar figures for earher censuses were 580 in 1890 
and 107 in 1880. 

NaJiane. — A group composed of several distinct 
tribes living in northern British Columbia and the 
Yukon Territory, Canada. Only 8 were enumerated 
in 1910. 

Natsifkutchin.- — A tribe belonging to the Kutchin 
subdivision of this stock, and living north of the Por- 
cupine River, in northern Alaska. The niunber 
enumerated in 1910 was 177. Comparison with the 
census figures of earlier years is of somewhat doubtful 
value, owing to uncertainty as to what was included 
under the term. As nearly as can be determined 
they numbered 312 in 1880. 

Tcnanl-uicJiin. — A tribe whose habitat comprised 
the whole of the basin of the Tanana River. The 
number enumerated in 1910 was 415. According to 
the census of 1890, they numbered 309, and in 1880, 
738. In 1890 the Bureau of Ethnology reported 373. 

TukTcuthlcutc'hin. — A Canadian tribe of this stock 
whoso habitat lies between the upper Porcupine and 
Mackenzie Rivers, Yukon Territory. Only 6 were 
enumerated in 1910. 

Unal-Jiotana. — A tribe Hvuig on the Yukon River 
between the mouths of the Tanana and Koyukuk 
Rivers, and also on the latter stream. The number 
enumerated in 1910 was 193. Census figures for 1890 
and 1880 were 502 and 596, respectively. 

Vuntakutchin. — ^A tribe belonging to the Kutchin 
subdivision of tliis stock, and occupj-ing the region 
north from the Porcupine River toward tlie Arctic 
coast. Only 5 persons were enumerated in 1910 as 
members of this tribe, 2 males and 3 females. 

THhe not reported. — Under this heading are included 
all those Indians who were enumerated merely as 
"Athapaskan" without further detail as to tribe, to- 
gether with a small number of others, for whom no 
information whatever was given except "Indian," but 
who from other evidence, almost certamly belonged 
to this stock. 



The Athapaskans m Alaska of uncertain or imknown 
tribal afiiUation numbered 1,472 in 1910. On account 
of the large number thus returned, they are shown 
by sex and age in Table 52 (p. 154). 

ESKIMAUAN STOCK. 

Stoclc as a whole. — This stock is more widely dis- 
tributed than any other in North America, its mem- 
bers extending from near Momit St. Ehas, in southern 
Alaska, along the entire northern Uttoral of the conti- 
nent to the east coast of Greenland, and formerly south 
as far as the Gulf of St. Lawrence. A small group is 
also found in the vicmity of East Cape, Siberia. They 
nowhere extend far into the interior. The total popu- 
lation of the Eskimauan stock in Alaska, as enumer- 
ated in 1910, is 14,087. The number reported by the 
census for this stock in 1890 was 15,550, and in 1880, 
20,245. 

Real tribal groups in the more exact sense of the 
term are not found among the Eskimo, the subdivi- 
sions bemg generall}" more geographical than tribal, 
the names given relating often to a single village only. 
The tribes or groups of the Eskimauan stock, for which 
members were reported, are as follows: 



Aleut. 

Chnagmiut. 

Ikogmiut. 

Imaklimiut. 

Iprackmiut. 

Kaialigmiut. 

Kakuakamiut. 

Kangmaligmiut. 

Kaviagniiut. 

Kekchabukmiut. 

Kinugumiut. 

Kopagmiiit. 

Kowagmiut. 

Kukpaurungmiut. 



Kunmiut. 

Kuaetrinmiut. 

Kuskovakmiut. 

Kuskowik. 

Kuskwogmiut. 

Mage mint. 

Malemiut. 

Naparktoo. 

Neechuktamiut. 

Nunatogmiut. 

Nunivagmiut. 

Nunochogmiut. 

Nushagagmiut. 

Nuwukmiut. 



Pitukmiut. 

Polazramiut. 

Selawigmiut. 

Sidanimiut. 

Tikeramiut. 

Togiagmiut. 

Ukivokmiut. 

Unaligmiut. 

Utkiaviiimiut. 

Utukamiut. 

Yuit. 

Southern Eskimo. 



Aleut. — A tribe occupying the whole chain of the 
Aleutian Islands, the Pribilof Islands, and the western 
portion of the Alaska Peninsula. By an imfor- 
tunate error on the part of the enumerators the 
majority of the Eskimo of southern Alaska, from 
the Shumagin Islands to then* eastern limits (including 
the Kaniagmiut, Chugachigmiut, and Ugalakmiut), 
were enumerated as Aleut. It has not been possible 
to separate these other tribes accuratelj' from tlie real 
Aleut, and the total population here given for the 
Aleut is therefore only approximately correct, the 
population as given being probably somewhat too 
small. 

The Aleut, as thus incompletely enumerated, num- 
bered 1,451 in 1910, as compared with 1,679 in 1890 
and 2,628 in 1880. About the middle of the nineteenth 
century, after a serious epidemic of smallpox, they 
were estimated at less than 1,000, and in 1874, includ- 
ing the mixed-bloods, at about 2,000. 

Chnagmiut. — -A tribe living on Pastol Bay and in 
the Yukon delta, and extending up both banks of the 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



113 



river as far as Razboinski. The number enumerated 
in 1910 was 326. Tliis tribe showed a popuhxtion of 
621 at the census of 1890, prior to wliich year they 
do not appear to liave been enumerated separately. 

Il-ogmivf. — The temtory occupied by the Ikogmiut 
is generally understood to include the region along 
both banks of the Yukon River from its mouth nearly 
as far iip as Anvik. As thus used, it comprises several 
smaller tribes or subdivisions inclucUng part of the 
Chnagmiut. It is sometimes used in a more narrow 
sense to apply only to the inhabitants of the village 
of Ikogmiut. The term has been used here in its 
wider application. The number enumerated in 1910 
was 782. The census of 1880 showed a population of 
2,696, wliile that of 1890 showed 172 for the village of 
Ikogmiut only. 

Imaliimiitt. — ^A tribe living on Big Diomede Island 
in Bering Strait. Two full-bloods were enumerated 
under this name — 1 male and 1 female. 

Iprackmiui. — The village to which tins name refers 
has not been located exactly. It lies, however, within 
Malemiut territory probably, and is situated, so far as 
can be ascertained, on the north shore of Seward 
Peninsula, eastward of Shishmaref Inlet. Four full- 
bloods were enumerated under this name — 3 males 
and 1 female. 

Eaialigmiuf. — A tribe occupying a large portion 
of the Yukon delta, their territory extending from a 
little north of Kuskokwim Bay to Cape Romanzof. 
The Kaialigmiut, as enumerated in 1910, numbered 192. 

Kakualcamiut. — A tribe or perhaps a subdivision of 
the Nushagagmiut, living on the Nushagak River. The 
number emunerated in 1910 was 22. Previous census 
figures were 45 in 1890 and 104 in 1880. 

Kangmaligmiut. — A name of somewhat uncertain 
application used for the groups of Eskimo living on 
the Arctic coast between Point Hope and the mouth 
of the Mackenzie River. One full-blood woman was 
enumerated under this name in 1910. 

Kaviagmiut. — ^A tribe whose proper habitat is 
given as the northern shore of Norton Sound, from 
about the middle of the western shore of Norton Bay 
to about Cape Douglas, and extending inland to the 
watershed dividing the streams flowing into Norton 
Sound from those flowing into Kotzebue Sound. 
Dm"ing the last decade they have been considerably 
scattered. The number enumerated in 1910 was 238, 
as compared with 427 in 1890 and 858 in 1880. 

Kekchahukmiut. — A small group of Eskimo, of whose 
village, Kekchabuk, the precise location is uncertain. 
It is probably in the Kuskokwim delta region or on the 
western side of the lower river. If this location is cor- 
rect they would form a part of the Kuskwogmiut. The 
number enumerated in 1910 was 32. 

Kinugumiut. — ^A tribe whose proper habitat seems 
to have been in the western part of Seward Peninsula, 
from Sliishmaref Inlet to Port Clarence. The num- 
67090°— 15 8 



bar enumerated in 1910 was 594, as compared with 
652 in 1890 and 500 in 1880. In 1880 the Bureau of 
Ethnology reported 400. 

Kopagmiut. — A tribe whose habitat lies on the 
Arctic coast at the mouth and along the lower course 
of the Mackenzie River, Canada. The number enu- 
merated in 1910 was 9. 

Kowagmiut. — A tribe living on the Kobuk River, 
a stream flowing into Kotzebue Sound. The nimxber 
enumerated in 1910 was 561. The census of 1890 
gave a population of only 81 for this tribe. The fact 
that it is frequently confused with the Selawigmiut 
and Nunatogmiut probably accoimts in part for the 
large difference in numbers. 

Kulcpaurungmiut. — A tribe living on the Arctic coast 
near Point Lay. The number enumerated in 1910 
was 6. Previous census figures were 52 in 1890 and 
30 in 1880. 

Kunmiut. — A tribe living on the Kok River, near 
Wainwright Inlet, on the Arctic coast, of which the 
number enumerated in 1910 was 77. 

Eusetrinviiut. — A tribe occupying the basin of the 
Kuzitrin River, Seward Peninsula. They probably 
form a portion of the Kaviagmiut, but may be a 
subdivision of the Kinugumiut. Because of this 
micertainty, they are here treated separately. The 
number emunerated in 1910 was 133. 

Kuskovakmiut. — A tribe (or village) on the right 
bank of the Kuskokwim River, near its mouth, form- 
ing a subdivision of the Kuskwogmiut. The number 
enumerated in 1910 was 370. 

Kuslcowik. — A village whose precise position is 
uncertain. It is probably on the lower Kuskokwim 
River, and if so, the inhabitants would belong to the 
Kuskwogmiut. The number enumerated in 1910 
was 37. 

Kuskwogmiut. — ^A tribe occupying the banks of the 
Kuskokwim River, from Kolmakof to the south and 
the shores of Kuskokwim Bay. The Kuskovakmiut 
and probably the Kuskowik are subdivisions of the 
tribe. The number enumerated in 1910 was 1,480. 
Including the Kuskovakmiut and the Kuskowik the 
number in 1910 was 1,887, as compared with 3,294 at 
the census of 1890 and 3,522 in 1880. 

Magemiut. — A tribe occupying the coast from Cape 
Romanzof nearly to the western mouth of the Yukon, 
and extending inland for a considerable distance. 
The Nxmochogmiut are a subdivision of the Mage- 
miut. The nimiber enumerated in 1910 was 376. 
In 1890 they were reported by the census as 2,147, 
but were not enumerated separately in 1880. 

Malemiut. — A tribe occupying the eastern portion 
of Seward Peninsula between Kotzebue Sound and 
Norton Bay. On the former they extend as far west 
as Shishmaref Inlet; on the latter as far as Cape 
Denbigh. The number enumerated in 1910 was 563, 
as compared with 630 in 1890 and 1,101 in ISSO. 



114 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATE8. 



NaparHoo. — Under this name a few persons were 
enumerated in the vicinity of Point BaiTOW. The 
name is probably that of a village, but it has not been 
possible to locate it. The people are almost certainly 
Eskimo. The Naparktoo, as enumerated in 1910, 
numbered 9. 

NeechuTctamiut. — A tribe or village located appar- 
ently on iliniatulik River, flo^\^ng into Norton Bay. 
It is uncertain whether these Eskimo should be con- 
sidered as a subdivision of the Kaviagmiut or the 
Malemiut. The number enumerated in 1910 was 25. 

Nunatogmiut. — A tribe occupjnng the region about 
the Noatak River, and extending inland a considerable 
distance. The application of the name has been some- 
what variable. The number enumerated in 1910 was 
285. Owing to the uncertainty in the appUcation of 
the name, comparison with earlier censuses is of doubt- 
ful value, only 42 being reported in 1890 and 650 in 
.1880. 

Nunivagmiut.- — A tribe living on Nunivak Island 
and a small area about Cape Vancouver in the Yukon- 
Kuskokwim delta region. The number enumerated in 
1910 was 301, as against 702 in 1890 and 408 in 1880. 

Nunochogmiut. — A village or tribe in the Yukon 
delta, inland from Baird Inlet. They form a sub- 
division of the Magemiut. The number enumerated 
in 1910 was 158, as compared with 135 in 1890 and 40 
in 1880. 

Nusliagagmiut. — A tribe living in the vicinity of 
Nushagak Bay, of which the number enumerated in 
1910 was 31. 0\ving to uncertainty as to what is 
included under the name, comparison with earlier 
censuses is of Uttle value, 193 being reported in 1890 
and 817 in ISSO. 

Nuwukmiut. — A tribe living in the vicinitj' of Point 
Barrow, on the Arctic coast. The number enumerated 
in 1910 was 81, as against 143 in 1890. They were not 
reported separately at the census of ISSO. 

Pituhmiut. — A small group of Eskimo enumerated 
on Kotzebue Sound, whose precise habitat and affilia.- 
tions are unknown. Four fuU-blood Pitukmiut were 
enumerated in 1910 — 3 males and 1 female. 

Polazramiut. — A small tribe, probably a subdivision 
of the Kinugumiut, enumerated near Cape Prince of 
Wales, Seward Peninsula. The number enumerated 
in 1910 was 14. 

Selawigmiut. — A tribe living on and near Selawik 
Lake, near Kotzebue Sound, of which the number 
enumerated in 1910 was 258. 

Sidarumiut. — A tribe or village located on the 
Arctic coast in the vicinity of Point Belcher. Five 
Sidarumiut were enumerated in 1910 — 2 fuU-blood 
males, 2 fuU-blood females, and 1 mixed white and 
Indian male. 

Tikeramiut. — A tribe living on the northwestern 
coast in the vicinity of Point Hope. The number 
enumerated in 1910 was 320, as compared with 295 in 
1890. In 1880 they were not enumerated separately. 



Togiagmiut. — A tribe living in the vicinity of 
Togiak Lake and Bay (Bristol Bay). The number 
enumerated in 1910 was 93, as against 190 in 1890. 
They were not enumerated separately in 1880. 

UkivoTcmiut. — A subdivision of the Kaviagmiut, hv- 
ing on I^ing Island, Bering Strait. The number 
enumerated in 1910 was 140, as compared with 200 
at the census of 1890. 

Vnaligmiut. — A tribe occupjing the shores of 
Norton Sound from a little south of Cape Denbigh 
nearly to the mouth of the Yukon. The number 
enumerated in 1910 was 441. Earher census figures 
were 119 in 1890 and 418 in 1880. 

Vikiavinmiut. — A tribe living on the Arctic coast at 
and to the west of Cape Smith. The number enu- 
merated in 1910 was 123, as against 193 reported in 
1890. 

UtuJcamiut (syn. Otookogmiut) . — A tribe living on 
the ^Vrctic coast between Point Hope and Wainright 
Iialet. The number enumerated in 1910 was 127. 
Comparison with earher years is limited to 1890, at 
wliich census 48 were reported. The large increase 
thus shown is probably due partly to uncertainty as 
to tribal hmits, and partly to the fact that, being 
more nomadic than many of the tribes in the vicinity, 
a considerable number were not enumerated in 1890. 

Yuit. — A group of Eskimo occupying St. Lawrence 
Island and the region about East Cape, Siberia. The 
number enumerated in 1910 was 292, as compared 
with 267 in 1890 and 500 (as estimated) in 1880. 

Southern Eslcimo. — By an imfortimate error on the 
part of the enumerators, the majority of the Eskimo 
of southern Alaska, from the Shumagui Islands to 
Controller Bay, together with some on the shores of 
Bristol Bay, were enumerated wrongly as Aleut. The 
tribal groups so confused were mainly the Kaniagmiut, 
Chugachigmiut, and Ugalakmiut, and to a lesser degree 
the Aglemiut and perhaps a few of the Nushagagmiut. 
A portion of the Aglemiut and Kaniagmiut were, 
however, correctly enumerated under their proper 
names. As it has been impossible to separate this 
mixed body of Eskimo into its constituent tribal or 
geographic divisions, they have been treated as a 
general group under the above heading, which thus 
includes all Eskimo south and oast of the head of 
Bristol Bay. The number enumerated in 1910 was 
3,650. No very satisfactory comparison with the 
census figures for earher years can be made. The 
combined popidation of the Aglemiut, Chugachigmiut, 
Kaniagmiut, and Ugalakmiut was 3,142 in 1S90 and 
3,489 in 1880. 

Trihe not reported. — Under this general heading are 
included all persons enumerated merely as "Eskimo" 
without further distuiction of tribe. The Eskimo 
of unknown affihation enumerated in Alaska in 1910 
were 474, and on account of this comparatively large 
number, thov are shown separately by sex and age in 
Table 52 (p." 156). 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



115 



HAiDAX STOCK (svii. Skittagetan). 

A tribe occupying the Queen Charlotte Islands and 
the southern portion of Prince of Wales Island in 
Britisli Columbia and Alaska, and forming an inde- 
pcnilent linguistic stock. The tribe formerly lived 
wholly in what is now Canadian territorj^ those at 
present occupyingpart of Prince of Wales Island having 
taken possession of this region some time probably iu 
the early piu-t of the eighteenth, century. A few immi- 
srant members of this tribe are also found in conti- 
nental United States (see p. S2). 

The Haida in Alaska, as enumerated in 1910, were 
530, as compared \vith 415 in 1S90 and 795 in 18S0. 
About 1S70 they were estimated at 600. 

TLiNGiT STOCK (syn. Koluschan). 

Stock as a whole. — A coastal stock of southern 
Alaska, occupying the coast and adjacent islands 
from Portland Canal to Controller Bay. A few im- 
migrant members of this stock are also found in con- 
tinental United States (see p. 106). 

The Indians of the Thngit stock, as enumerated in 
1910 in Alaska, numbered 4,426. The number re- 
ported for this stock in 1890 was 4,583 and in 1880, 
6,763. 

The tribes of this stock, for which members were 
reported, are as foUows: 

Auk. Hutsnuwu. Stildne. 

Chilkat. - Kake. Taku. 

Henya. Kuyu. Tongas. 

Huna. Sitka. Yakutat. 

Auk. — A southern Alaska tribe, living near Juneau 
on Douglas and Admiralty Islands and along Stephens 
Passage. The number enumerated in 1910 was 267, 
as compared with 279 in 1890 and 640 in 1880. In 
1870 the Auk were estimated at about 750 or 800. 

OhiTkat. — A southern Alaska tribe living about the 
head of Lynn Canal. The number enumerated in 1910 
was 690, as compared with 812 in 1890 and 1,158 in 
1880. About 1870 the tribe was estimated at from 
2,000 to 2,500, but this was probably an overestimate. 

Henya. — A tribe living on the western shores of 
Prince of Wales Island, southern Alaska. The number 
enumerated in 1910 was 214, as compared with 262 
in 1890. In 1869 they were estimated at 300. 

Huna. — A tribe living on Cross Sound (between 
Chichagof Island and the mainland), southern Alaska. 
The number enumerated in 1910 was 625, as compared 
with 594 in 1890 and 908 in 1880. About 1870 they 
were estimated at 1,000. 

Hutsnuwu. — A tribe living on the western and 
southern shores of Admiralty Island, southern Alaska. 
The number enumerated in 1910 was 536, as compared 
with 420 in 1890 and 666 in 18S0. About 1870 they 
were estimated at 1,000. 



Kake. — A tribe living on Kupreanof Island in 
southern Alaska, for which 322 persons were enu- 
merated in 1910, as against 237 in 1890. The number 
reported in 1880 was 568, which perhaps included the 
Kuyu. 

K.uyu. — A tribe living on Kuiu Island on the south- 
ern Alaskan coast, for which the number of persons 
enumerated in 1910 was 29. The number reported for 
this tribe in 1880 was 60. 

Sitka. — A tribe living on Baranof Island and the 
southern portion of Chichagof Island in southern 
Alaska. The number enumerated in 1910 was 608, as 
compared with 832 in 1890 and 721 in 1880. 

Stikine. — A tribe living on or near the mouth of the 
Stikine River, southern Alaska, for which the number 
enumerated in 1910 was 189, as compared with 255 
in 1890 and 317 in 1880. 

Taku. — A tribe living on Taku Inlet and River, and 
Stephens and Gastineau Channels, southern Alaska. 
The number enumerated in 1910 was 142, as compared 
with 223 in 1890 and 269 in 1S80. 

Tongas. — A tribe living at the mouth of Portland 
Canal, southern Alaska, for which 184 persons were 
enumerated in 1910, as against 255 in 1890 and 273 
in 1880. 

Yakutat. — A tribe living primarily on Yakutat Bay, 
but whose range extends westward nearly to Copper 
River, and eastward to Dry Bay. The number enu- 
merated in 1910 was 307, as compared with 437 in 1890 
and 650 in 1880. 

Tiibe not reported. — A considerable number of per- 
sons were enumerated as ' ' Thngit " ' withou t any further 
specification of tribe. As the number of such persons 
reported in 1910 amounted to 313, they are shown by 
sex and age in Table 52 (p. 156). 

TSIMSHIAN STOCK. 

A stock whose name has been derived from that of a 
single tribe, the Tsimshian. Their proper habitat lies 
wholly in British Columbiabetween the Nass and Skeena 
Rivers. A large number have in recent years, however, 
removed to Alaskan territory, settling chiefly at 
New Metlakahtla. A few immigrant members of 
the tribe are also found in continental United States 
(seep. 106). 

The Tsimshian in Alaska, as enumerated in 1910, 
were 729, as compared \vith 465 in 1890 and 952 in 
1880. 

MISCELLANEOUS . 

In the enumeration of the native population of Alaska 
in 1910, 1,640 persons were reported without definite 
indication as to stock or tribe. Of these, 2 were enu- 
merated as "Indians," 12 as "Siberia," and for 1,626 
no information of any sort was given. 



116 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



NUMBER OF INDIANS REPORTED ON SPECIAL INDIAN SCHEDULE, CLASSIFIED BY LINGUISTIC STOCKS AND 

TRIBES AND BY SEX AND PURITY OF BLOOD: 1910. 



Table 50 



STOCK AND TEIBE. 



INDLiNS HEPOETED ON SPECIAL SCHEDULE: 1910. 



Total 
number. 



Full 
blood. 



Mixed 
blood. 



Blood 

not 

reported. 



Distribution by sex. 



Total number. 



Male. 



Female. 



Full blood. 



Male. 



Female. 



Mixed blood. 



Total. 



Male. 



Female. 



White and 
Indian. 



Male. 



Female. 



Blood 
not reported. 



Male. 



Female. 



UNITED STATES. 



Total 


247, 137 


150,053 


93,423 


3,661 


125,654 


121,483 ; 


75,667 


74,386 


48,157 


45,266 


45,348 


42,682 1,830 


1,831 


ALGONQmAN STOCK 


40,975 


18,396 


22,319 


260 


21,004 


19,971 


9,257 


9,139 


11,608 


10,711 


11,089 


10,229 


139 


121 




37 

1,419 

99 

172 

3,055 

115 

20,214 

459 

914 

510 

348 

142 

206 

1 

1,422 

226 

45 

22 

29 

71 

16 

1 

2,717 

83 

3S6 

266 

128 

66 

2 

2,268 

1 

2,440 

131 

724 

1,338 

167 

533 

162 

4 

36 

30,406 


9 

1,311 

32 

40 

2,662 

1 

6,970 

40 

279 

390 

240 

37 

1 

1 

704 

59 

17 


27 
108 

67 
132 
319 
114 
13, 138 
418 
633 
119 
107 
105 
205 


1 


18 
727 

54 

90 
1,510 

58 
10,325 
224 
456 
257 
194 

73 
111 


19 

692 

45 

82 

1,545 

57 

9,889 

235 

458 

253 

154 

69 

95 

1 

656 

104 

24 

9 

13 

38 

8 

1 

1,288 

35 

189 

126 

67 

31 

1 

1,146 

1 

1,072 

65 

347 

712 

87 

263 

69 

1 

24 

15,082 


5 

670 

15 

18 

1,310 


4 
541 

17 

22 

1,352 

1 

3,4S8 

22 

151 

192 

113 

17 


12 

57 
39 
72 

164 

58 

6,781 

205 

326 
59 
67 
53 

110 


15 

51 

28 

60 

155 

56 

6,357 

213 

307 

60 

40 

52 

95 


12 

54 

39 

59 

164 

31 

6,732 

203 

325 

58 

65 

53 

20 


15 

47 

27 

54 

155 

37 

6,299 

210 

306 

60 

38 

52 

18 


1 
























Chevenne 


74 


36 


38 






Chippewa 


106 
1 
2 
1 
1 


3,482 

18 

128 

198 

127 

20 

1 


62 

1 
2 


44 












i 




1 


















1 
331 

27 
7 








716 
166 
28 
22 
20 
57 
10 


2 
1 


766 
122 
21 
13 
16 
33 
8 


373 
32 
10 


391 
89 
11 
13 

8 
26 

5 


325 
77 
17 

9 
12 
31 

5 


389 

88 

11 

8 

7 

26 
3 


324 

76 

17 

6 

6 

31 

3 


2 

1 




Miami 


















9 

14 

6 

1 

1,720 

7 

295 

85 

I 
1,214 




8 
7 
3 


1 

7 
3 
1 

816 
2 

145 

36 

5 

1 

1 

641 
































997 

73 

91 

181 

119 

63 

1 

1,053 

1 

1,478 

77 

171 

800 

167 

340 

158 

2 

36 

1,045 




i,429 
48 
197 
140 
61 
35 

1,122 


904 
5 

150 
49 
2 
2 


525 
41 

47 
91 
59 
33 
1 
548 


472 
32 
44 
90 
60 
30 


508 
41 
47 
91 

59 
15 

1 
532 


458 
32 
44 
90 
60 
10 








3 


2 


1 














Peoria 


2 




2 














Piegan 


1 


573 


505 

1 

645 

38 

85 
422 

87 
144 

66 
1 

24 

477 


493 


1 








Potawatomi 


960 

9 

547 

535 


2 

45 

6 

3 


1,368 

66 

377 

626 

80 

270 

93 

3 

12 

15,324 


533 

5 

28S 

246 


427 

4 

259 

289 


833 
39 

86 

378 

■ 80 

196 

92 

1 

12 

568 


828 
39 
77 

371 


633 
38 
77 

405 


2 
22 
3 
2 




Powhatan 


23 


Sauk and Fox 


3 




1 








184 
4 
2 


9 


72 
1 
2 


112 
3 


120 
12 

1 

553 


96 
9 

1 
2 

462 


2 


7 






Wea 


















Athapaskan stock 


28,264 


1,097 


14,211 


14,053 


545 


552 




2 

4,973 

7 

9 

9 

639 

694 

51 

139 

28 

34 

424 

22,455 

76 

383 

6 

1 

3 

121 

109 

15 

227 

1 

1,863 




2 

127 

7 
7 

294 




2 

2,514 

2 

4 

6 

312 

355 

26 

56 

11 

15 

190 

11,346 

44 

206 

3 

1 

1 

64 

55 

6 

105 








2 
75 
2 
3 
5 
153 




2 

72 

2 

3 

5 

152 








Apache* 


3,801 


1,045 


2,459 

5 

5 

3 

327 

339 

25 

83 

17 

19 

234 

11,109 

32 

177 

3 


1,919 


1,882 


52 

5 

4 

2 

141 


SO 

5 

4 

2 

140 


520 


525 








2 

2 

345 

694 
36 

117 
26 
10 

411 

22,304 

.53 

223 
5 




1 

1 

159 

355 

16 

48 

9 

5 

185 

11,257 

32 

113 

2 


1 
1 

186 

339 

20 

69 

17 

5 

226 

11,047 

21 

110 

3 
































15 

22 

2 

24 

13 

99 

23 

160 

1 

1 

3 

43 

49 

1 

145 




10 

8 

2 

10 

5 

64 

12 

93 

1 

1 

1 

27 

22 

1 

71 


5 
14 


10 

8 
2 

10 
5 

59 
6 

93 
1 
1 
1 

27 

22 
1 

71 


5 
14 






















Mattolc 




ii 

8 
35 
11 
67 


11 
8 

32 
9 

66 














Navajo 


52 


25 


27 








































2 
57 
54 

9 
122 

1 

957 






2 

16 
27 


2 

15 
27 








78 
60 
14 
82 

1 

1,574 




37 

33 

5 

34 


41 
27 
9 

48 

1 

816 






















Wailaki 




74 


72 














Caddoan stock 


277 


12 


906 


758 


143 


134 


132 


129 


5 


7 




444 

452 

10 

633 


372 

336 
8 

544 
1 
5 

308 


72 

116 

2 

77 




209 

231 

6 

307 


235 

221 
4 

326 
1 
2 

168 


171 

172 

5 

261 


201 

164 
B 

283 
1 
2 

162 


38 

59 

1 

41 


34 

57 

1 

36 


34 

54 

1 

41 


32 

57 

1 

36 
























12 


5 


7 








5 

318 






3 

150 


3 
146 














Wichita 


io' 




4 


6 


2 


3 







I Includes Chiricahua Apache, Coyotero Apache, San Carlos Apache, Tonto Apache, and White Mountain Apache. 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



117 



NUMBER OF INDIANS REPORTED ON SPECIAL INDIAN SCHEDULE, CLASSIFIED BY LINGUISTIC STOCKS AND 

TRIBES AND BY SEX AND PURITY OF BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



Table SO— Continued. 


INDIANS HEPOKTED ON SPECIAL SCHEDULE: 1910. 




Total 
number. 


Full 
blood. 


Mixed 
blood. 


Blood 

not 

reported. 


Distribution by sex. 


STOCK .\ND TRIBE. 


Total number. 


Full blood. 


Mixed blood. 


Blood 
not reported. 




Total. 


White and 
Indian. 




Male. 


Female. 


Male. 


Female. 


Male. 


Female. 


Male. 


Female. 


Male. 


Female. 



UNITED STATES— Continued. 



CniMAKOAX STOCK 


306 


286 


20 




154 


152 


142 


144 


12 


8 


12 


8 














3 
44 
259 

31 


2 
44 
240 

. 3 


1 




3 
22 
129 

16 




2 

22 
118 

1 




1 




1 








Hob 




22 
130 

15 


22 
122 

2 












19 

28 




11 

15 


8 
13 


11 

15 


8 
13 






Chimarikan stock 
















31 

897 


3 

459 


28 
436 




16 

459 


15 
438 


1 
222 


2 

237 


15 
237 


13 

199 


15 
225 


13 
191 






Chinookan stock 


2 




2 


Chinoot 


315 

40 
215 
2J2 
274 

69 


53 
23 
8 
159 
216 

10 


261 
17 
18 
83 
57 

59 


1 


160 

17 

17 

127 

138 

37 


155 
23 
9 
115 
136 

32 


25 
10 
4 
75 
108 

4 


28 
13 
4 
84 
108 

6 


135 
7 
13 
52 
30 

33 


126 

10 

5 

31 

27 

26 


135 

7 

13 

51 

19 

31 


126 
10 
5 
31 
19 

21 




1 






riatson 
















Wishram . . 


1 




1 
















69 
38 


10 

7 


59 
31 




37 
20 


32 
18 


4 
3 


6 
4 


33 
17 


26 
14 


31 
17 


21 
14 
























1 

2 

35 

17 


1 
1 
5 

4 






1 

1 
18 

8 




1 
1 
1 

1 


















1 

30 

5 




1 

17 

9 






1 

13 

2 


i?' 

3 


1 
13 

1 










4 
3 


17 
3 






COSTANOAN STOCK 


8 


4 


4 


RflTitJi rVii7 


17 
5,865 


4 

458 


5 
5,372 


8 
35 


8 
2,913 


9 
2,952 


1 
222 


3 
236 


3 
2,674 


2 

2,698 


3 
2,306 


1 
2,362 


4 
17 


4 


CEOATAN GROUP 


18 




5,865 
56 


458 
8 


5,372 

48 


35 


2,913 
28 


2,952 
28 


222 

7 


236 
1 


2,674 
21 


2,698 
27 


2,306 
21 


2,362 
27 


17 


18 
















40 
2 
14 

31 


3 


37 
2 
9 

20 




21 


19 
2 

7 

9 


3 




18 


19 

2 
6 

5 


18 
3" 

15 


19 
2 
6 

5 


















5 
11 




22 


4 

7 


1 

4 


3 
15 






HAinAV firncK 
















Haida 


31 
39,679 


11 
11,936 


20 
27, 143 




22 
20,339 


9 

19,340 


7 
6,143 


4 
5,793 


15 
13,917 


5 
13,226 


15 
13,382 


5 
12,720 






IROQUOIAN STOCK 


600 


279 


321 




81 

31,489 

368 

2,436 

365 

1,219 

2,907 

400 

353 

61 

106 


56 

6,900 

63 

2,098 

299 

133 

2,022 

305 

34 

26 

81 


19 

24,329 

304 

333 

64 

1,086 

572 

83 
318 

35 

25 


6 
260 
1 
5 
2 


41 

16, 105 

178 

1,276 

183 

643 

1,478 

214 

198 

23 

47 


40 

15,384 

190 

1,160 

182 

576 

1,429 

1K6 

155 

38 

59 


31 
3,555 

31 

1,102 

141 

48 

1,043 

164 

18 

10 

38 


25 
3,345 

32 
996 
158 

S5 
979 
141 

16 

16 

43 


12,426 
146 
172 

41 
595 
291 

47 
179 

13 

9 


12 

11,903 
158 
161 

23 
491 
281 

36 
139 

22 

16 


6 

12,005 

138 

162 

41 
552 
241 

45 
179 

13 

9 


11 

11, 505 

155 

150 

21 
453 
238 

32 
138 

17 

15 


3 

124 
1 
2 

1 


3 


Cherokee. . 


136 


Mohawk 




Oneida 


3 




1 


St. Regis... 






313 
12 
1 


144 
3 

1 


169 


Tuscarora 


9 




























5 

8 
24 

9 
44 

5 
11 

775 


5 

6 
8 
7 

40 
4 

11 

364 






3 
2 

12 
5 

17 
3 
5 

388 


2 
6 

12 
4 

27 
2 
6 

387 


3 
2 

5 
5 
15 
3 
5 

166 


2 

4 

3 

2 

25 

1 
6 

198 














T.akTniiif 


2 
16 
2 

4 

1 






2 
9 
2 
2 

1 


7 
2' 


2 
9 

1 
2 

1 










7 






Santiam 












2 






Yamei 








Ynnk-alla 












411 




222 


1S9 


218 


183 














Orleans 


775 


364 


411 





388 


387 


166 


198 


222 


189 


218 


183 







118 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



NUMBER OF INDIANS REPORTED ON SPECIAL INDIAN SCHEDULE, CLASSIFIED BY LINGUISTIC STOCKS AND 

TRIBES AND BY SEX AND PURITY OF BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



Table 50— Continued. 


INDIANS BEPOETED ON SPECIAL SCHEDULE: 1910. 




Total 
number. 


Full 
blood. 


Mixed 
blood. 


Blood 

not 

reported. 


Distribution by sex. 


STOCK AND TRIBE. 


Total number. 


Full blood. 


Mixed blood. 


Blood 
not reported. 




Total. 


White and 
Indian. 




Male. 


Female. 


Male. 


Female. 


Male. 


Female. 


Male. 


Female. 


Male. 


Female. 



UNITED STATES— Continued. 



KEBESAN STOCK 


4,027 


3,976 


33 


18 


2,126 


1,901 


2,105 


1,871 


15 


18 


11 


16 


6 


12 


, 


691 
237 
1,472 
490 
211 
S17 
109 

1,126 


686 
237 
1,427 
489 
211 
817 
109 

818 


5 




347 
131 
756 
272 
125 
434 
61 

536 


344 
106 
716 

218 

86 

383 

48 

590 


345 
131 
738 
271 
125 
434 
61 

373 


341 
106 
689 
218 

86 
383 

48 

445 


2 


3 


2 


3 
















27 

1 


18 


12 

1 


15 


8 
1 


13 


6 


12 
























• 






























KlOWAN STOCK 


296 


12 


159 


137 


159 


137 


4 


8 




1,126 
93 


818 
35 


296 
58 


12 


536 
51 


590 
43 


373 
16 


445 
19 


159 
35 


137 
23 


159 

35 


137 
23 


4 


S 


KUSAN STOCK 






93 
538 


35 

255 


58 
283 




51 
286 


42 
252 


16 
130 


19 
125 


35 
156 


23 

127 


35 

156 


23 
127 
























538 
978 


255 
657 


283 

320 




286 
468 


252 
510 


130 
297 


125 
360 


156 
170 


127 
150, 


156 
155 


127 
139 






LtTTCAMIAN STOCK 


1 


1 




Klamath 


696 
282 

1,100 


4.59 
198 

544 


236 

84 

541 


1 


334 
134 

568 


362 
148 

532 


209 

88 

269 


250 
110 

275 


124 
46 

290 


112 

38 

251 


109 
46 

280 


101 

38 

245 


1 




Modoc 

MAIDU STOCK 


15 


9 


6 


Maidu . .. 


1,100 
699 


544 
343 


541 

355 


15 
1 


568 
340 


532 
359 


269 
163 


275 
180 


290 
177 


251 

178 


280 
176 


245 

178 


9 


6 


MrWOK STOCK 


1 


Marin 


22 

7 

670 

29,191 


4 

4 

335 

13,625 


18 

3 

334 

15, .321 




14 

3 
323 

14,727 


8 

4 

347 

14,464 


3 

1 

159 

6,853 


1 

3 

176 

6,772 


11 

2 

164 

7,743 


7 

1 

170 

7,578 


11 

2 

163 

6,898 


7 

1 

170 

6,825 






Middle Town 

Mlwok 


i' 

245 


131 


1 


MUSKHOGEAN STOCK. . . . 


114 




298 

4,204 

15,917 

6,945 

98 

1,729 

8,607 


288 
1,128 
7,094 
3,730 
96 
1,289 

8,344 


6 

3,075 

8,715 

3,131 

2 

392 

167 


4 
1 

108 

84 


144 

2,061 

8,118 

3,468 

45 

891 

4,467 


154 

2,143 

7,799 

3,477 

53 

838 

4,140 


138 

514 

3,698 

1,817 

45 

641 

4,^316 


150 

6ri4 

3,396 

1,913 

51 

648 

4,028 


3 
1,546 
4,363 
1,009 


3 
1,529 
4,352 
1,522 

2 
170 

66 






3 

1 
57 
42 


1 




1,450 
4,069 
1,2s- 

92' 

100 


1,431 

4,0S0 

1,240 

2 

72 

66 






51 

42 


Choctaw 


Creek 


Koasati 

Seminole 


48 
96 


222 
101 


28 
60 


20 


PiMAN STOCK 


46 


Mayo 


40 

5 

3,798 

4,236 

528 

1,193 


35 

5 

3,703 

i, 175 

426 

907 


5 




18 

3 

1,947 

2,198 

301 

603 


22 

2 

1,851 

2,038 

227 

590 


13 
3 

1,900 

2,163 

237 

458 


22 

2 

1,803 

2,012 

189 

449 


5 




6 








Opata 


5S' 

19 

88 

220 


46" 

42 

14 

66 


27 
14 
55 

112 


28 
5 
33 

108 


26' 

14 

55 

106 


28 

5 

33 

103 


20 

21 

9 

33 


20 
21 

5 


Pii"a 


Yaaui 


POMO STOCK 


33 


Clear Lake ... 


193 
33 
94 
96 

777 

16 


127 

i " 
69 

95 

607 

14 


54 
13 
35 
1 
117 

2 


12 

1 


99 
12 
45 
50 
397 

9 


94 
21 
49 
46 
380 

7 


67 
8 
30 
49 
304 

7 


60 
11 
29 
46 
303 

7 


28 
3 
16 

1 
65 

2 


26 
10 
20 


28 
3 

15 
1 

59 

2 


26 

7 

20 


4 

1 


8 


Gynomehro 

Little Lake 




Lower Lake 


53" 


52 


56' 


28 


25 


SaLINAN STOCK 






16 
7,833 


14 
5,006 


2 
2,746 




9 

4,017 


7 
3,816 


7 
2,491 


7 
2,515 


2 
1,485 




2 

1,454 








SaUSIIAN STOCK 


81 


1,261 


1,233 


41 


40 


Bellacoola 


2 
282 
398 
293 
386 
785 

1 


1 

201 

252 

236 

292 

345 

1 

30 

47 


1 

81 
146 
34 
88 
437 






2 

133 

185 

134 

186 

367 

1 

33 

47 




1 
87 
126 
113 
139 
175 
1 

19 
25 




1 
46 
59 
12 
44 
190 


35 

81 
21 
43 

242 


1 
46 
51 
12 
44 
186 






Chohalls 




i49 
213 
159 
199 
41S 


iU 

126 

123 

1 153 

i 170 


87 
22 
44 
247 








23 
5 
3 


14 

2 

1 


9 


Columbia 


2 


Colville 

Comox 


Cowichan 

Cowlits 


62 
106 


32 

58 




29 
58 


22 


36 


22 


31 


22 







STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



119 



NTTMBER OF INDIANS REPORTED ON SPECIAL INDIAN SCHEDULE, CLASSIFIED BY LINGUISTIC STOCKS AND 
NUMBER Ol IWUlAlNC "''-^^^jggg ^j^jj 3Y SEX AND PURITY OF BLOOD: 1910-Contmued. 



Table 50— Continued. 



STOCK AND TEIUE. 



INDIANS KEPORTED ON SPECIAL SCHEDULE: 1910. 



Total 
number. 



Salishan stock— Contd. 



Dwamish 

Flathead 

Kalispel 

LummL 

Methow 

Muckleshoot. . 

Nespelim 

Nisqnalli 

Nooksak 

Okinagan .... 

Pisquow 

Puyallup 

Quinaielt 

Sanpoil. . . 

Shuswap 

Skagit 

Skokomish . . . 
Snohomish... 
Snoqualmu. . . 

Songish 

Spokan 

Squaxon 

Suquamish... 
Swmomish... 

Tillamook 

Twana 

Not reported. 



Shahaptian stock. . 



Klikitat 

Nez Perces 

Paloos 

Topinish 

Umatilla 

Wallawalla 

Warm Springs. . 

Yakima 

Not reported... 



Shastan stock. 



Hat Creek. 
Pit River. . 
Shasta 



SnOSHONEAN STOCK... 



Bannock . . '. . 
Chemehuevi. 
Comanche — 
Gabrieleno . . . 

Hopi 

Juaneno 

Kawaiisu 

Kawia 

Kern River.. 

Mono 

Pahvant 

Paiute 

Panamint... 

Paviotso 

San Luiseno. 

Serrano 

Shoshoni 

Tehachapi... 
Utei 



SlOCAN STOCK. 



Assiniboin. 
Catawba. . . 

Crow 

Hidatsa. . . 

Iowa 

Kansa 

Mandan... 
Missouri... 
Omaha 



Oto. 

Ponoa 

Quapaw 

Santee Sioux. 
Sious 



Full 
blood. 



20 
486 
564 
353 

14 
194 

46 
137 

85 
272 

52 

303 

288 

240 

9 

56 
195 
664 

93 

23 
643 

44 
307 
333 

25 

61 

13 

4,391 



405 

1,259 

82 

47 

272 

397 

650 

1,362 

17 

1,578 



240 
985 
353 



16,842 



413 

355 

1,171 

11 

2,009 

16 

23 

755 

105 

1,448 

37 

780 

10 

3,038 

467 

118 

3,840 

2 

2,244 



32,941 



1,253 
124 

1,799 
547 
244 
238 
209 
13 

1,105 

1,373 
332 
875 
231 

1,539 
996 



Mixed 
blood. 



Blood 

not 

reported. 



Distribution by sex. 



Total number. 



Male. 



Full blood. 



Mixed blood. 



Total. 



Female Male. Female. Male. Female. Male. Female. Male. Female 

I I 



White and 
Indian. 



Blood 
not reported. 



UNITED STATES— Continued. 



18 
206 
361 
200 

14 
163 

43 
110 

72 
121 

52 
178 
219 
180 
1 

28 
130 
472 

70 

16 
409 

34 
177 
279 

22 

31 
6 

3,372 



335 

970 

77 

47 

219 

126 

538 

1,043 

17 

1,162 



220 
841 
101 



14,672 



323 
315 

736 



2,006 

8 

23 

702 

77 

1,215 

37 

674 

9 

2,664 

351 

89 

3,329 

2 

2,112 



22,535 



793 

11 

1,242 

418 

59 

71 

165 

8 

885 

591 

211 

461 

63 

799 

494 



2 
280 
202 
153 



39 

3 

26 

13 

135 



119 

69 

41 

8 

28 

65 

190 

23 

8 

233 

10 

130 

54 

1 

30 

7 



64 

276 

6 



53 
271 

12 
317 



20 
144 
249 



1,928 



90 

40 

407 

11 

3 



78 

1 

227 

116 



9,905 



447 
113 
396 
129 
185 
167 
44 
5 
144 
779 
121 
408 
118 
740 
477 



3 

242 



28 



147 
1 
1 

■ 6 



501 



161 



25 



13 

236 

291 

184 

7 

104 

22 

69 

51 

136 

21 

151 

153 

114 

5 

31 

86 

343 

48 

15 

301 

22 

163 

178 

13 

29 

6 



190 

626 

38 

21 

114 

204 

255 

632 

5 

757 



129 
469 
159 



8,620 



214 

177 

590 

5 

1,061 

8 

11 

419 

60 

688 

18 

413 

2 

1,483 

239 

62 

1,967 

2 

1,211 



16,641 



643 
68 
903 
288 
127 
133 
107 
8 
566 
713 
181 
432 
115 
782 
652 



7 

250 

273 

109 

7 

90 

24 

68 

34 

136 

31 

152 

135 

126 

4 

25 

109 

321 

46 

8 

342 

22 

144 

165 

12 

32 

7 

2,306 



215 

633 

44 

26 

158 

193 

295 

730 

12 

821 



111 
616 
194 



8,222 



199 

178 

681 

6 

948 

8 

12 

336 

65 

760 

19 

367 

8 

1,656 

228 

66 

1,873 



1,033 



16,400 



610 
56 
896 
259 
117 
105 
102 
5 
539 
660 
151 
443 
116 
757 
444 



U 

101 

184 

94 

7 

84 

21 

64 

43 

56 

21 

87 

111 

87 



18 
52 

233 

33 

■ 7 

185 
17 
92 

142 

12 

19 

1 

1,663 



156 
470 
35 
21 
87 
66 
250 
474 
6 



120 
400 
37 



7,500 



169 
166 
362 



1,059 

5 

U 

398 

33 

564 

18 

357 

2 

1,296 

178 

47 



1,1 



2 
,144 



11,157 



393 

6 

616 

228 

31 

46 

80 

5 

449 

307 

112 

224 

26 

385 

271 



105 

177 

106 
7 
69 
22 
66 
29 
66 
31 
91 

108 

93 

1 

10 

78 

239 
37 
S 

224 
17 
85 

137 
10 
12 
5 



ISO 
500 

42 

26 
132 

60 
288 
669 

12 



100 

441 

64 



154 
159 
374 



947 

3 

12 

304 

44 

661 

19 

317 

7 

1,368 

173 

42 

1,630 



968 



11,378 



400 

5 

626 

190 

28 

25 

85 

3 

436 

284 

99 

237 

37 

414 

223 



2 
135 
106 
90 



62 
42 
18 

6 

13 

34 

108 

15 

8 
115 

5 
71 
36 

1 
10 

5 

509 



63 



2 
135 
105 
83 



118 
6 



18 



31 

147 

3 



27 

138 

6 

158 



198 



9 

69 
120 



33 

129 

2 



26 

133 

7 

159 



216 



11 

75 
129 



45 

21 

214 

6 

2 

3 



21 
17 
118 



112 
60 
14 

264 



115 
6 
70 
36 
1 
10 
5 



145 
95 
58 



28 
147 



27 

136 

5 

155 



186 

9 
69 
108 



118 
5 
57 
16 



479 



30 
129 



26 
130 

7 
157 



207 



45 

19 

193 

6 

1 

5 



31 
11 

105 



46 

21 

211 

5 

2 



38 
1 

115 
55 
14 

241 



5,133 



244 
62 

202 
60 
96 
87 
27 
3 
SO 

406 
69 

205 
63 

397 



4,772 



203 
51 

194 
69 
89 
80 
17 
2 
64 

373 
52 

203 
55 

343 



19 

17 

118 



106 
60 
14 

263 



11 

73 
123 



45 

18 

188 

6 

1 

5 



30 
11 

105 



37 
1 

109 
55 
14 

241 



243 
62 

188 
60 
94 
87 
27 
3 
80 

394 
65 

185 
62 

381 

266 



4,668 



198 
51 

184 
69 
89 
80 
17 
2 
64 

365 
49 

184 
54 

333 

208 



128 



14 



85 



37 



12 



1 Includes Capote Ute, Grand River 



Ute, Moache Ute, Southern Ute, Uinta Ute, Uncompahgre Ute, White River Ute, and Wiminuchi Ute. 



4 

"io 



1 

114 



1 
"i 

"\2 
■72 



250 



76 



39 
3 



3 

24 



120 INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 

NUMBER OF INDIANS REPORTED ON SPECIAL INDIAN SCHEDULE, CLASSIFIED BY LINGUISTIC STOCKS AND 
iNUAiC£,K ur lixi^i^ TRIBES AND BY SEX AND PURITY OF BLOOD: 1910-Continued. 



Table SO— Continued. 



STOCK AND TRIBE. 



INDIANS REPORTED ON SPECIAL SCHEDULE: 1910. 



Total, 
number. 



Full 
blood. 



Mixed 
blood. 



Blood 

not 

reported. 



Distribution by sex. 



Total number. 



Male. 



Female. 



Full blood. 



Male. 



Female. 



Mixed blood. 



Total. 



Male. 



Female. 



White and 
Indian. 



Blood 
not reported. 



Male. Female. Male. Female. 



UNITED STATES— Continued. 



SiouAN STOCK— Conld. 


2,514 

14,284 

806 

1,072 

397 

6,045 

222 

485 

293 

4,964 

1,820 

2,088 

1,357 

1 


1,631 

10,598 

593 

954 

353 

4,168 

64 

333 

143 

3,990 

1,543 

1,348 

1,144 


i 
876 

3,551 
212 
109 
33 

1,794 
152 
143 
146 
962 
277 
718 
210 

1 


7 
135 
1 
9 
11 
83 
6 
9 
4 
12 


1,278 

7,100 
415 
525 
186 

3,018 
110 
243 
169 

2,434 
918 
988 
639 

1 


1,236 

7,184 
391 
547 
211 

3,027 
112 
242 
124 

2,530 
902 

1,100 
718 


801 

5,285 

300 

471 

166 

2,094 

27 

165 

79 

1,933 

769 

636 

537 


1 

830 

5,363 

293 

483 

187 

2,074 

37 

168 

64 

2,057 

774 

712 

607 


474 

1,796 

115 

50 

15 

879 

81 

74 

88 

494 

149 

343 

101 

1 


402 

1,755 

97 

59 

18 

915 

71 

69 

58 

468 

128 

375 

109 


469 

1,768 

108 

60 

15 

867 

81 

73 

87 

487 

149 

327 

94 

1 


394 
1,740 
92 
59 
18 
909 
71 
67 
58 
466 
127 
356 
104 


3 
69 

4' 

5 
45 
2 
4 
2 
7 


4 

66 
1 
6 
6 

38 
4 
5 
2 
5 








Minniconjou Sioux 






Two Kettle Sioux 

Other Teton Sioux 




9 

1 


13 
2 




22 
3 




Takelman stock 






1 
3,140 




1 
101 




1 
1,636 








1 
52 




1 
52 








Tanoan stock 


3,005 


34 


1,504 


1,565 


1,440 


49 


49 


19 


15 


Isleta 


956 

499 

88 

10 

104 

16 

123 

387 

73 

277 

517 

77 

13 

1 

32 


894 

499 

75 

10 

92 

10 

118 

382 

73 

268 

509 

62 

13 


28 


34 


497 

281 

45 

6 

50 

7 

57 

205 

39 

134 

272 

37 

6 

1 

21 


459 

218 

43 

4 

54 

9 

66 

1,82 

34 

143 

245 

40 

7 


464 

281 

38 

6 

42 

4 

55 

204 

39 

129 

268 

29 

6 


430 

218 

37 

4 

50 

6 

63 

178 

34 

139 

241 

33 

7 


14] 


14 


14 


14 


19 


15 


Jemez 

Nambe 

Pecos 

Picuris 

Pojoaque 

San Ilaefonso 


13 

12 

6 

5 
5 




8 
3 
2 
1 


6 

4 

3 
3 
4 


1 

8 

3 

2 
1 


6 

4 

3 
3 

4 






Sandia 

Santa Clara 

Taos 

Tesuque 

Not reported 


9' 

8 
15 

1 
25 




'"5" 

4 
8 

1 
15 


4' 

4 
7 


5 

4 
8 

1 
15 


4' 

4 
7 






TUNGIT STOCK 


7 




11 


6 


1 


10 


10 






Auk 

rhilkat 


2 
4 
3 
23 

42 




2 
4 
3 
16 

1 




1 

4 

1 

15 

25 


1 






1 

4 
1 
9 

1 


1 


1 
4 

1 
9 

1 


1 






Kake 

Not reported 

TONKAWAN STOCK 


7 

41 




2 

8 

17 


e" 

24 


i' 

17 


7 


7 








42 
51 


41 
11 


1 
40 




25 
31 


17 
20 


24 
9 


17 
2 


1 
22 




1 
22 








TSIMSHIAN STOCK 




18 


18 








51 
43 


11 
18 


40 
25 




31 
25 


20 

18 


9 
9 


2 
9 


22 
16 


18 
9 


22 
9 


18 
5 






TtraiCAN STOCK 










43 

329 


18 
268 


25 
60 




25 
160 


18 
169 


9 
125 


9 
143 


16 
34 


9 

26 


9 
34 


5 
26 






WAnLATPUAN STOCK ... 


1 


1 




Cayuse 


298 
31 

388 


254 
14 

361 


43 

17 

27 


1 


139 

21 

195 


159 
10 

193 


117 

8 

183 


137 
6 

178 


21 
13 

12 


22 
4 

15 


21 
13 

11 


22 
4 

15 


1 




Molala 








WAKASHAN STOCK 








Kitamat 

Kwakiutl 


1 

1 

360 

15 

11 

819 


i 


1 




i 


1 


i 






1 




1 






Makah 

Nootka 

Not reported 

WASHOAN STOCK 


342 
13 
5 

643 


is 
2 

6 

170 


6 


185 
5 
4 

414 


175 
10 

7 

405 


4 
1 

335 


9 

4 

308 


1 
3 

74 


1 
3 

96 


1 
3 

73 


1 
3 

95 


5 


1 




819 
710 


643 
282 


170 
373 


6 
65 


414 
382 


405 
328 


335 

156 


308 
126 


74 
199 


96 

I 174 


73 
196 


95 
166 


5 
27 


1 


WlNTUN .STOCK 


28 




125 
186 
399 


61 
110 
121 


74 
21 

278 




66 
105 
211 


69 
81 
188 


22 
68 
66 


29 
42 
55 


44 
10 
145 


30 
11 
133 


43 
10 
143 


29 
11 
126 






Patwin 


«= 


27 


28 


Wlntim 







STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 121 

NUMBER OF INDIANS REPORTED ON SPECIAL INDIAN SCHEDULE, CLASSIFIED BY LINGUISTIC STOCKS AND 

TRIBES AND BY SEX AND PURITY OF BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



Table 50— Continued. 


INDIANS REPORTED ON SPECIAL SCHEDULE: 1910. 




Total 
number. 


Full 
blood. 


Mi.xed 
blood. 


Blood 

not 

reported. 


Distribution by sex. 


STOCK AND IKIBE. 


Total number. 


Full blood. 


Mixed blood. 


Blood 
not reported. 




Total. 


White and 
Indian. 




Male. 


Female. 


Male. 


Female. 


Male. 


Female. 


Male. 


Female. 


Male. 


Female. 



UNITED STATES— Continued. 



WlVAT STOCK 


152 


71 


81 




92 


60 


38 


33 


54 


27 


54 


27 








152 [ 
55 


71 
30 


81 
25 




92 
26 


60 
29 


38 
11 


33 
19 


54 
15 


27 
10 


54 
15 


27 
10 
























29 

7 

19 

39 


18 

7 
5 

26 


11 




15 
1 
10 

22 


14 
6 
9 

17 


10 

1 


8 
6 
5 

12 


6 


6 


5 


6 
















14 
13 




10 
8 


4 
5 


10 
8 


4 
5 






Yanan stock 




14 








39 

533 i 


26 

401 


13 

104 




22 
280 


17 
253 


14 
206 


12 
195 


8 
64 


5 
40 


8 
64 


5 
39 






y OKUTS STOCK 


28 


10 


18 




18 

4 

144 

4 

27 

6 

25 

302 

3 

78 


7 

3 
85 

2 
23 

6 
17 
255 

3 

61 


1 
1 
56 
2 
4 


10 


6 

2 
70 

1 
13 

3 

13 

172 


12 

2 
74 

3 
14 

3 

12 

130 

3 

26 


4 

1 

33 


3 
2 
52 
2 
12 
3 
8 
110 
3 

22 


1 
1 
36 
1 
2 




1 
1 

36 

1 
2 




1 


9 










3 


20 
1 
2 


26 

1 
2 


1 


2 










11 

3 

9 

145 
















5 
35 


3 
12 


2 
21 


3 
14 


2 
21 


3 
13 


2 
6 


1 


Yokuts 


6 








17 




52 


39 


13 


4 


9 


1 
















78 
198 


61 
138 


17 
59 




52 

88 


26 
110 


39 
54 


22 

84 


13 

33 


4 
20 


9 
33 


1 

25 






YUKIAN STOCK 


1 


1 






15 
15 

73 
95 

4,279 


14 

7 
45 
72 

4,000 


1 

8 
27 
23 

221 




5 
11 
32 
40 

2,301 


10 

4 

41 

55 

1,978 


4 
5 
18 
27 

2,149 


10 
2 

27 

45 

1,851 


1 
6 
13 
13 

123 




1 
6 
13 
13 

120 












2 
14 
10 

98 


2 
14 
9 

96 








1 


i 




v„,PP° 




YtJMAN STOCK 


58 


29 


29 


Cocopa 


245 

756 

174 

386 

1,058 

501 

289 

834 

24 

12 

668 


243 

585 

174 

367 

1,038 

485 

256 

816 

24 

12 

528 


2 
171 




130 
40S 
100 
195 
585 
271 
156 
435 
15 
6 

327 


115 

348 

74 

191 

473 

230 

133 

399 

9 

6 

341 


130 
312 
100 
189 
572 
262 
137 
426 
15 
6 

246 


113 

273 

74 

178 

466 

223 

119 

390 

9 

6 

282 


96' 


2 
75 


96' 


2 

75 








i 

9 
16 

5 
16 


\i 

11 


2' 

3 
9 

4 
9 




2' 

3 

8 
3 
8 


6' 

6 

7' 


4 
10 


is 


Mohave 


6 

7 
1 
7 


1 




28 
2 


15 


13 






Not reported 

YUBOK STOCK 


140 




81 


59 


78 


56 








668 

1 

1,667 


528 

1 

1,652 


140 




327 


341 
1 

797 


246 


282 

1 

793 


81 


59 


78 


56 






ZtJNIAN STOCK 








15 




870 


859 


U 


4 


11 


4 






• 


1,667 
1,644 


1,652 
383 


15 
1,099 




870 
■839 


797 
805 


859 
202 


793 

181 


11 

557 


4 
542 


U 
323 


4 

295 






Stock or tribe not reported 


162 


80 


82 



122 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



NUMBER OF INDIANS REPORTED ON SPECIAL INDIAN SCHEDULE, CLASSIFIED BY LINGUISTIC STOCKS AND 

TRIBES AND BY SEX AND PURITY OF BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



Table 50 — Continued. 










INDIANS REPORTED ON SPECIAL SCHEDtTLE: 1910. 






Total 
number. 


Full 
blood. 


Mixed 
blood. 


Blood 

not 

reported. 


Distribution by sex. 




STOCK AND TEIBE. 


Total number. 


Full blood. 


Mixed blood. 






Total. 


White and 
Indian. 


Blood 
not reported. 




Male. 


Female. 


Male. 


Female. 


Male. 


Female. 


Male. 


Female 


Male. 


Female. 



ALASKA. 



Algonqulin stock. 
Delaware 



.\TH.APASKAN STOCK. 



Aht^na 

Hankutchin 

Kaiyuhkliotana. . 

Knaiakbotana 

Kutchin 

Nahane 

Natsitkutchin 

Tenankutchin 

Tukkutbkutchin. 

Unakhotana 

Vuntakutchin 

Not reported 



ESKIMAUAN stock.. 



Aleut 

Chnagmiut 

Ikogmiut 

Imaklimiut 

Iprakmiut 

Kaialiemiut 

Kakuakamiut 

Kan^maligmiut 

Kaviai^miut 

Kekchabukmiut... 

KinuKumiut 

Kopa.cmiut 

Kowagmiut 

Kukpaurungmiut. 

Kunmiut 

Kusetrinmiut 

Kuskovakmiut 

Ku-skowik 

Kuskwogmiut 

Magemiut 

Malemiut 

Naparktoo 

Necchuktamiut. . . 

Nunatogmiut 

Nunivagmiut 

Nunoehograiut 

Nushagagmiut . . . . 

Nuwukmiut 

Pitukmiut 

Polazramiut 

Selawigraiut 

Sidarumiut 

Tikoraraiut 

Togiagmiut 

Ukivokmiut 

Unaligmiut 

Utkiavinmiut 

Utukamiut 

Yuit 

Southern Eskimo. 
Not reported 



Haidak stock. 



Haida. 



Tlujgit stock. 



Auk 

Chilkat 

Hpnya 

II una 

Hutsuuwu 

Kake 

Kuvu 

Sitka 

Stikine 

Taku 

Tongas 

Yakutat 

Not reported. 



TSIMSnIAN STOCK. 



Tslmshian 

Stock or tribe not reported . 



25,331 



3 

3,916 



297 
127 
160 
697 
359 

8 
177 
415 

6 
193 

5 
1,472 

14,087 



1,451 

326 

782 

2 

4 

192 

22 

1 

238 

32 

594 

9 

561 

6 

77 

133 

370 

37 

1,480 

376 

563 

9 

25 

285 

301 

158 

31 

81 

4 

14 

258 

5 

320 

93 

140 

441- 

123 

127 

292 

3,650 

474 

530 



530 
4,426 



267 
690 
214 
625 
536 
322 
29 
60S 
189 
142 
134 
307 
313 

•729 

729 

1,640 



21,444 



3,642 



293 
127 
1.55 
672 
349 

2 
176 
396 

3 
170 

5 
1,294 

12,859 



999 

299 

768 

2 

4 

191 

22 

1 

209 

32 

576 

9 

546 

6 

77 

125 

361 

36 

1,447 

376 

546 

9 

25 

277 

299 

158 

24 

71 

4 

14 

25S 

4 

300 

89 

140 

421 

119 

116 

290 

3,186 

423 



3,890 



242 
629 
192 
590 
498 
276 
29 
527 
150 
128 
156 
276 
197 

615 



615 
60 



3,887 



2 
274 



178 I 
1,228 I 



452 
27 
14 



20 
4 

11 

2 

464 

51 



153 
536 



81 
39 
14 
28 
31 
116 



114 
1,580 ! 



12,995 I 12,336 



2 
2,009 



1,907 



161 

79 



96 
216 
1 
98 
2 
705 

7,310 



758 

180 

374 

1 

3 

98 

10 



120 
16 

330 
3 

301 

4 

43 

82 

212 
18 

741 

176 

292 
8 
12 

158 

161 

73 

20 

40 

3 

8 

140 
3 

159 
52 
77 

221 
63 
65 

149 



281 



281 
2,223 



143 
330 
114 
303 
268 
183 
17 
295 
96 
70 
88 
143 
173 

384 



384 
786 



136 

48 

82 

317 

171 

3 

81 

199 

5 

95 

3 

767 

6,777 



693 

146 

408 

1 

1 

94 

12 

1 

118 

16 

264 

6 

260 

2 

34 
51 

158 
19 

739 

200 

271 

1 

13 

127 

140 
85 
11 
41 
1 
6 

118 
2 

161 
41 
63 

220 
60 
62 

143 
1,751 

237 

249 



1 

1,875 



158 
79 
75 

364 

184 

1 

96 

204 



2,203 



124 
340 

100 
322 
2(iS 
159 
12 
313 
93 
72 
96 
164 
140 

345 

345 

Kit 



2 
623 

6,666 



523 

165 

366 

1 

3 

98 

10 

"iog 

16 

322 

3 

293 

4 

43 

77 

206 

17 

723 

176 

282 

8 

12 

153 

160 

73 

16 

34 

3 

8 

140 

2 

153 

48 

211 
62 
57 

148 
1,645 

219 

201 



201 
1,945 



132 
318 
101 
286 
247 
141 
17 
248 
72 
62 
76 
131 
114 

333 



10,395 



1,767 



135 

48 
80 
308 
165 
1 



81 
3 

671 

6,193 



333 

28 



476 

134 

402 

1 

1 

93 

12 

1 

100 

16 

254 

6 

253 

2 

34 

48 

155 

19 

724 

200 

264 

1 

13 

124 

139 

85 

8 

37 

1 

6 

118 

2 

147 

41 

63 

210 

57 

59 

142 

1,541 

204 

176 



110 
311 
91 
304 
251 
135 
12 
279 
78 
66 
80 
145 
S3 



1,946 



1 
134 



82 
644 



235 
15 



1,941 



140 



96 

584 



1,927 1,916 



82 
637 



217 
12 
6 



14 



10 

1 

8 

1 

254 

18 



SO 
278 



10 

3 

3 

1 

210 

33 



47 
24 



51 
758 



234 
15 



10 

1 

8 

1 

250 

18 



1 
139 



96 
572 



215 
12 
6 



10 
3 
3 
1 
204 

30 

73 



80 
271 



63 

822 I 



51 
75 3 



73 
251 



63 

817 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



123 



INDIANS IN EACH STOCK AND TRIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 

PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OP BLOOD: 1910. 



Table 5 1 


Both 
sexes. 


UALE. 


FEMALE. 


TRIBE AND MIXTURE OF 
BLOOD. 


Both 

sexes. 


MALE. 


female. 


TWBE AND MIXTURE 07 
BLOOD. 


To- 
tal.! 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
50 

yrs. 


51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 


To- 
tal.i 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 

50 
yrs. 


51 

yrs. 
and 
over. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
50 

yrs. 


51 

yrs 
and 
over. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 

20 

yrs. 


20 
to 

50 
yrs. 


51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 


ALGONQUIAN STOCK. 


ALGONQTJIAN STOCK— Continue! 


Total 


•10, 975 


21,004 


10,416 


7,831 


2 722 


19,971 


10, 141 


7,082 


2,713 


Beothebton— Contd. 
Mixed blood 


132 
113 

13 
49 

51 
14 

12 
2 

5 
3,055 


72 
59 

8 
24 

27 
10 

8 
2 

3 

1,510 


35 
30 

3 

8 

19 
3 

3 

2 
637 


33 
26 

4 
14 

8 
6 

4 
2 

1 

619 


4 
3 

1 
2 

..... 

1 


60 
54 

5 
25 

24 
4 

4 


37 
34 

3 

11 

20 

1 

1 


16 
13 

1 

9 

3 
3 

3 










18,396 
17,925 

352 
119 

22,319 
21,318 

5,565 
7,780 

7,804 

169 
409 

180 
205 

24 
515 

6 

71 

260 


9,257 
9,021 

170 
66 

11,608 
11,089 

2,976 
3,982 

4,046 

85 
224 

109 
103 

12 

255 

4 
36 

139 


3,796 
3,650 

92 
54 

6,551 
6,314 

1,806 
1,856 

2,606 

46 
82 

40 
34 

8 
127 

1 
27 

69 


3,749 
3,673 

66 
10 

4,030 
3,814 

909 
1,645 

1,228 

32 
110 

52 
54 

4 
96 

2 
8 

52 


1,689 
1,675 

12 
2 

1,016 
954 

260 
479 

208 

7 
32 

17 
15 

""2S 

1 

1 

17 


9,139 
8,904 

182 
53 

10,711 
10,229 

2,589 
3,798 

3,758 

84 
185 

71 
102 

12 

260 

2 
35 

121 


3,590 
3,467 

86 
37 

6,496 
6,233 

1,632 
2,000 

2,543 

58 
86 

37 
42 

149 

2 
26 

55 


3,635 
3,557 

64 
14 

3,400 
3,237 

764 
1,431 

1,020 

22 
76 

28 
43 

5 
SO 


1,889 
1,855 

1 

805 
750 

191 
362 

193 

4 
23 

6 
17 

""36 


7 




White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white 


7 


Mixed stock (two 


1 


Stock in part unknown. 


Halfwhite,half Indian. . 
More than one-half 


5 
1 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 


Nef!roand Indian 

Less than one-half 
Ne^o 




Halfwhite.halflndian. 
More than one-half 


HalfNegro.half Indian 
Negro, white, and In- 




252 


2 
1,545 


2 

595 






Unknown propor- 
tions, and ^' Mexi- 
can" mixture 




627 


319 


Full blood 




Less than one-half 


2,663 

2,507 

139 

132 

7 

16 

319 

122 
106 

77 

14 
74 

1,346 


1,310 

1,220 

80 

76 

4 

10 

164 
68 
60 
39 

7 
36 

640 


519 

462 

51 

47 

4 

6 

101 
54 
13 
31 

3 
17 

285 


548 
521 
23 
23 


241 

235 

6 

6, 


1,352 

1,287 

59 

56 

3 

6 

155 
54 
56 
38 

7 
38 

706 


492 

454 

34 

31 

3 

4 

86 
32 
20 
30 

4 
17 

308 


554 

534 
18 
18 


302 


Full tribal 


295 


HalfNegro,lialtIndian. 
More than one-half 


Mixed tribal 


7 


Two tribes 


7 


Three or more tribes.. . 
Tribal blood of one par- 




NeRro,white,and Indian. 
Either white or Negro 


4 

56 
14 
31 

8 

3 
15 

261 


7 

1 
4 

94 


2 

63 
20 
32 

8 

3 

10 

257 




Mixed blood (white and 




Mixture unknown 


7 
47 


2 
19 


6 


Blood not reported 


Loss than one-half white 
Half white, half Indian. . . 
More than one.half white 
Unknown proportions, 
and "Mexican" mbc- 


2 
4 


Abnaki 


37 


18 


4 


8 


6 


19 


8 


6 


5 








Fullblood (full tribal).... 
Mixed blood (white and 


9 

27 
14 
9 
4 

1 

1,419 


5 

12 
6 

5 

1 

1 

727 


4 
3 
1 

307 


2 

5 

3 

. 1 

1 

1 
312 


3 
3 


4 

15 
8 
4 
3 


1 

7 
3 
4 


1 

5 
3 


2 

3 
2 




Blood not reported 


11 


Northern Chey- 
enne. 




Less than one-half white. 




More than one-half white . 


2 


1 


141 


Fullblood 




Blood not reported 


1,181 

1,103 

64 

62 

2 

14 

97 
32 
25 
32 

8 
68 

1,522 


550 
507 
35 
34 
1 

8 

56 
21 
13 
17 

5 
34 

771 


230 

199 

26 

25 

1 

5 

38 
17 
5 
14 

2 
17 

301 


230 

220 

7 

7 


90 

88 

2 

2 


631 
596 
29 
28 

1 

6 

41 
11 
12 
15 

3 
34 

751 


269 

250 

15 

14 

1 

4 

24 
7 
3 

H 

3 
15 

246 


234 

221 

11 

11 


128 


98 


692 


303 


290 


97 


Full tribal 


125 






3 






3 




Three or more tribes. . . 
Tribal blood of one par- 
ent imknown 




Full blood 


1,311 

1,269 

42 

40 

2 

108 
101 

53 
30 

10 

8 
7 

2 
5 

99 


670 

641 

29 

27 

2 

57 
&4 

25 
17 

6 

6 
3 


271 

257 

14 

12 

2 

36 
36 

22 

7 

4 
3 


291 

282 

9 

9 


98 
92 
6 
6 


641 

628 

13 

13 


266 

258 

8 

8 


276 

274 

2 

2 


97 

94 

3 

3 


3 

17 
4 
7 
3 

3 
14 

319 


1 

3 

149 


2 

13 
3 

6 
4 




Full tribal 






Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 




Two tribes . . . 






4 




21 
18 

3 
10 

2 

3 
3 




51 

47 

28 
13 

4 

2 
4 

2 
2 

45 


37 
35 

22 
9 

2 

2 
2 

2 
25 


14 
12 

6 
4 

2 




Less than one-half while. 
Halt white, half Indian. . . 
More than one-half white 
Unknown proportions, 
and "Mexican" mix- 


I 
3 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
■white 




Halfwhite.halflndian. 
More than one-half 




Blood not reported 


10 
336 


9 


Unknown proportions 
("Mexican" mix- 
ture) 


Southern Chey- 
enne 




Negro and Indian 


2 




IHcS 


Fullblood 






1,379 

1,346 

33 

31 

2 

139 

78 
38 
17 

6 

4 

115 


702 

679 

23 

21 

2 

67 

39 

18 

8 

2 

2 

58 


263 

248 

15 

13 

2 

38 

30 

2 

5 

1 
21 


293 

287 

6 

6 


144 

2 


677 

667 

10 

10 


204 

196 

8 

8 


306J 163 


Half Negro^aU Indian . 


3 

54 


29 


3 
21 


4 


IC 


9 


Full tribal 


305 

1 
1 


162 


Mixed tribal 


1 






1 


Blackfeet 


Three or more tribes. .. 

Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 






25 
9 

13 
3 

1 
30 


4 
■■■3 

1 
1 


72 

39 

20 

9 

4 

2 

57 


40 
24 

7 
8 

1 

2 

29 


30 
14 
12 

1 

3 




Full blood 


32 

5 

27 

20 

7 

67 
66 

25 
33 

8 

1 

172 


15 
1 

14 
9 
5 

39 
39 

17 
19 

3 


5 


g 


9 

1 

1 

..... 

2 
2 


17 
4 
13 
11 
2 

28 
27 

8 
14 

5 

1 

82 


3 
2 
1 

i 

22 
22 

7 
12 

3 


1 


7 

7 

2 
1 




Full tribal. . . . 


2 


MLxed tribal 


1 5 
1 
4 

24 
24 

13 

9 

2 


8 
8 

13 
13 

4 

8 

1 


Less than one-half white 
Halfwhite.halflndian... 
More than one-half white 
Unknown proportions 
("Mexican "mixture).. 

Blood not reported 

CHtCKAnOMNT 

Full blood (full tribal) 

Mixed blood 


1 




1 


Three or more tribes . . 
Mixed blood 




White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white . . 




21 




Halfwhite.halflndian. 
More than one-half 




1 
) 

1 
! 14 


7 


Netao and Indian (half 


1 

114 
68 

3 

52 

13 

1 
45 










1 

56 
37 

2 
29 

6 

1 

18 


29 
20 

""ie 

1 

8 


1 

20 
12 

1 
9 

2 




58 
31 

1 
23 

7 


21 
11 


30 
16 


7 
4 

1 
3 






90 


4C 


41 


9 


41 


2 


7 


Beotheeton 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white 


5 
1 


Full blood 


40 
26 
14 
13 
1 


18 
10 

8 
8 


1 

1 
1 


8 
6 

2 

- 


5 
4 

1 
1 


22 

16 

6 

5 

1 


4 

1 
3 

1 


1 


7 
5 7 

i 

i 


Halfwhite.halflndian. 
More than one-half 


8 
3 


12 
4 


4 


Full tribal 




Mixed tribal 




Two tribes 


Negro and Indian (less 
than one-h31f Negro) . . 
Negro, white, and Indian. 




Three or more tribes 


















27 


ic 


14 


3 


8 


2 



1 Totals include persons of unknown age. 



124 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



INDIANS IX EACH STOCK AND TRIBE- IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 

PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



Tablo 51 — Continued. 



TRIBE AOT) MI.iiTURE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 

se.xes. 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 

20 

5TS. 



20 
to 
50 
yrs. 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



To- 
tal.! 



Un- 
der 

20 
vrs. 



20 
to 
50 

yrs. 



51 

yrs. 
and 
over. 



ALGONQDTAN STOCK— Continued. 



Chippewa 20,214 110,325 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

Mixed tribal 

Two tribes 

Threeormore tribes. . 
Tribal blood of one 

parent ualmo^vn 



Mixed blood 

White and Indian 

Less than one-half 

white 

Half white, half Indian 
More than one-half 

white 

Unknown proportions. 

Negro andlndian 

Less than one-half 

Negro 

Half Negro, half Indian 
Negro,white, and Indian 
Either white or Negro 

and Indian 

Mixture unknown 



Blood not reported . 



Chippewa (Minne- 
sota) 



6,970 

6,784 

173 

167 

6 

13 

13,138 
13,031 

3,051 
5,516 

4,388 
76 
21 

14 

7 

54 



106 



8,234 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

Mixed tribal( two tribes) 
Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unknown 



Mixed blood 

White and Indian 

Less than one-half 

white 

Halfwhite, half Indian 
More than one-half 

white 

Unknown proportions. 

Negro and Indian 

Less than one-half 

Negro 

Half Negro.halflndian 
Negro, white, and Indian 
Mixture unknown 



Blood not reported . 



Chippewa (Wiscon- 
sin) 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

Mixed tribal (two tribes) 
Tribal tilood of one par- 
ent unkno%vn 



Mixed blood 

White and Indian 

Less than one-half 

white 

Halfwhite, half Indian 
More than one-half 

white 

Unknown proportions. 

Either white or Negro 

and Indian 



Blood not reported . 



Chippewa 
gan) 



(Michi- 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

Mixed Iribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes. . 

Trihal blood of one par- 
ent unknown 



3,595 

3,575 

15 



4,629 
4.556 

1.349 
1,362 

1,844 

1 

20 

14 

6 

34 

19 



4,299 



1,601; 

l,574l 

22 



2,696 
2,693 



714 
1,121 



816 

42 



3,725 



1,558 

1,4.33 

122 

116 



3,482 

3,387 

90 

87 

3 



6,781 
6,732 

1,601 
2,830 

2,261 
40 
11 



62 



4,166 



1,789 

1,780 

8 



2,374 
2,339 

691 
710 

937 

1 

10 



2,175 



765 

751 

11 



1,409 
1,406 



371 
589 



425 
21 



3 
1 

1,977 



817 

7.';i 

f)5 

62 

3 



5,298 3,7001,314 



1,483 

1,435 

43 

41 

2 



1,329 

1,299 

30 

29 

1 



3,785 
3,753 

969 
1,34 

1,417 
20 

4 



2,350 
2,337 

493 
1,126 

703 
15 

4 



2,213 



820 

815 

4 



1,393 
1,372 



459 
297 



615 
1 
4 



1,089 



319 
308 



770 
769 



245 
253 



263 
8 



298 

267 

30 

28 

2 



65 

653 

4 



180 
322 



27C 
""4 



282 

281 

1 



504 
502 



104 
260 



129 

9 



338 

317 

21 

20 

1 



664 

647 

17 

17 



640 
636 



138 
355 



138 



190 
18' 



1 

1 

294 



161 
159 



133 
133 



320 



179, 
1651 

14 



3,488 

3,397 

83 

80 

3 



6,357 
6,299 

1,4.';0 
2,C«6 

2,127 
36 
10 

6 
4 



4.068 



1,806 
1,795 



2,255 
2,21 



658 
652 



836 

823 

11 



1,28' 
1,287 

343 
532 

391 

21 



1,748 



5,168 



1,323 

1,272 

46 

45 

1 



3,830 
3,7;'- 

909 
1,459 

1,399 

22 

4 



684 

676 

5 



1.345 
1,319 

413 
295 

611 



1,091 



322 
313 



234 
267 



257 
10 



231 
28 



3,4191,292 



1.370 

1,342 

26 

24 

2 



2,025 
2,012 

428 
979 

593 

12 

4 



713 

711 

1 



742 
734 



189 
293 



252 
"4 



332 
330 



420 
420 



95 
213 



103 



273 



777 
11 
11 



498 
494 

113 
246 

133 
2 
2 



575 



407 

406 

1 



167 
163 



2 
'"2 

1 

277 



181 

179 

2 



183 

175 
7 
7 



1 



TKIBE AND MIXTURE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 
sexes. 



To- 
tal." 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



20 
to 
60 
yrs. 



51 
yrs 
ana 
over. 



To- 
tal.! 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



20 
to 
50 
yrs. 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



AliGONQUIAN STOCK— Continued. 



Chippewa (Michi- 
gan) — Continued. 

.Mixed blood 


2,152 
2,123 

830 
506 

766 

21 

20 

9 

15 
2,9C6 


1,154 
1,144 

459 
267 

405 
13 
6 
4 

6 
1,496 


573 
563 

221 

96 

237 
9 
6 
4 

4 
849 


439 
439 

181 
116 

138 


141 
141 

56 
55 

30 


998 
979 

371 
239 

361 
8 
14 
5 

9 
1,470 


566 
551 

211 
107 

226 

7 

10 

5 

4 
917 


333 

329 

123 
99 

106 
1 
4 


99 
99 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 


Halfwhite, half Indian 

More than one-half 

white 


33 
29 


Unknown proportions. 












Blood not reported 

CmppEwA (North 
Dakota) 


2 
487 


160 


5 

431 








Full blood 


58 

57 

1 

2,829 

27 

2.153 

048 

1 

79 
4.59 


34 
33 

1 

1,410 

13 

1,068 

329 


16 
16 

807 

10 

610 

187 


12 
11 

1 

458 

2 

344 

112 


6 
6 


24 
24 


12 
12 


8 
S 




Full tribal 








MLxed blood (white and 


145 

1 

114 

30 


1,419 

14 

1,085 

319 

1 

27 
235 


897 

10 

688 

199 

8 

138 


408 

2 

314 

91 

1 

15 
73 




Less than one-half white 
Half white, half Indian.. 
More than one-half white 
Unknown proportions . . 

BJood not reported 

Cree 


2 
83 
29 


52 
224 


26 
118 


17 
84 


9 
22 


4 

23 






Full blood 


40 


18 

13 

S 

. 5 


4 
4 


11 
8 
3 
3 


3 

1 
2 
2 


22 
13 
8 
7 
1 

1 

213 
210 

4 
92 

112 
2 
3 


4 
3 
1 

i 

134 
132 

3 
52 

75 
2 
2 


12 
7 
4 
4 


6 


Fulltribal 


26 
13 
12 

1 

1 

418 
413 

10 
196 

204 
3 

5 

1 
914 


3 


Mi.xed tribal 


3 




3 


Three or more tribes 




Tribal blood of one par- 
ent iinknowTi 










1 

61 
60 

1 
32 

27 




Mixed blood..'. 


205 
203 

6 
104 

92 

1 
2 

1 

456 


113 
111 

5 
55 

50 

1 
2 

1 
271 


73 

73 

1 
39 

33 


19 
19 

""io 

9 


17 


■\Vhite and Indian 

Less than one-half 


17 


Half white, half Indian 

More than one-half 

white 


7 
10 


Unknown proportions. 
Negro, white, andlndian 

Blood not reported 

Delaware. .■^. . 








1 











150 


34 


458 


256 


151 


51 






Full blood 


279 

213 

66 

64 

2 

633 
631 

68 
143 

405 

15 

1 

1 

2 

510 


128 
97 
31 
30 

1 

326 
325 

36 
72 

212 

5 


50 
30 
20 
19 
1 

221 
221 

16 

SO 

153 
2 


CO 

53 

7 

7 


17 
13 
4 
4 


151 
116 
35 
34 

1 

307 
306 

32 
71 

193 

10 

1 


56 
36 
20 
19 

1 

200 
200 

15 

40 

136 
9 


61 
51 
10 
10 


34 


Fulltribal 


29 


Mixed tribal 


5 


Twotribes 


5 


Three or more tribes 




Mixed blood 

White and Indian 

Le.ss than one-half 

white 

Half white, half Indian 
More than one-half 

white 

Unknown proportions, 
and " Mexican " 

mixture 

Negro and Indian (half 

Negro, half Indian)... 

Negro, white.and Indian 

Blood not reported 

Gros Ventres 


88 
87 

14 
17 

53 
3 


17 
17 

6 
5 

6 


90 
89 

14 
24 

51 

1 


17 
17 

3 

7 

6 

1 


1 
2 

257 


108 


1 
2 

119 
















30 


253 


124 


86 


42 


Full blood 


390 

357 

33 

32 

1 


198 
177 
21 
21 


74 

67 

7 

7 


94 
80 
14 
14 


30 
30 


192 

180 

12 

11 

1 


79 
72 
7 


71 

67 

4 

3 

1 


41 


Fulltribal 


40 


Mixed tribal . . 


1 




1 


Three or more tribes. . 





' Totals include persons of unknown age. 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



125 



INDIANS IN EACH STOCK AND TRIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 

PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910-ConUnued. 



Table 5 1— Continued. 


Both 
,exes. 


MALE. 


FEMALE. 


TRIBE AND MIXTURE OF Both 

BLOOD. sexes. 


MALE. 




FEMALE. 




TRIBE AND MIXTURE OP 
BLOOD. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 51 
to yrs. 
50 and 
yrs. over. 


To- 

tal.i 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
50 

yrs. 


51 
yrs. 
and 

aver. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


2J 51 
to JTS. 

50 and 
yrs. over. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
dor 
20 
yrs. 


20 51 
to yrs. 
60 and 
yrs. over. 


ALGONQTJIAN STOCK— 


Continued. 








ALGONQXTIAN 


8 T O CK— Continued. 








Gros Ventke's— 
Continued. 


119 

lis 

21 
64 

32 

1 
1 

1 

348 

210 

200 

36 

35 

1 

4 

107 
103 

61 
31 

10 

1 

4 

1 
142 


1 

59 
58 

12 
30 

16 


34 
34 

10 
12 

12 


25 
24 

2 

18 

4 




60 

60 

9 
34 

16 
1 


44 
44 

8 
23 

12 

1 


15 
15 

1 
10 

4 


1 
1 

.... 


MENOinNEE— Con. 
MLxed blood 


710 
713 

318 
180 

215 

1 
2 

2 
226 


391 
389 

178 
80 

131 

1 

1 
2 

122 


239 
238 

104 
37 

97 

i 

60 


115 
114 

59 
29 

26 

1 


37 
37 

15 
14 

8 


325 
324 

140 
100 

84 


225 
225 

100 
60 

65 


86 
85 

36 
32 

17 


14 


WTiite and Indian 

Less than one-lialf 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white 


14 
4 


Halfwhitojialf Indian 
More than one-half 


Half white, hall Indian 

More than one-halt 

white 


8 
2 


UnknowTJ proportions. 


Negio and Indian (less 

than one-half Negro).. 

Negro, white, and Indian 

Blood not reported 




Mixture unkno\Tn 


i 




i 




1 
154 


1 
68 








1 




1 




Blood not reported 


2 
44 






194 


91 


78 


24 


62 


21 


18 


104 


60 


29 


15 




Fullblood 






59 
47 
12 
9 
3 

100 
164 

42 
42 

80 

1 
1 
1 

45 


32 12 

24 5 

8 7 

5 4 

3 3 

89 48 
88 47 

22 11 
24 11 

42 25 


12 
12 


8 
7 
1 
1 


27 

23 

4 

4 


14 

11 

3 

3 


7 

7 


6 




127 
100 
23 
22 
1 

4 

67 
65 

39 

17 

8 

1 
2 


46 
33 
11 

10 

1 

2 

45 
43 

28 

7 

8 
2 


60 

49 

9 

9 


20 
18 
2 
2 


113 

100 

13 

13 


43 
36 

7 
7 


48 

45 

3 

3 


19 
19 


riill blood 




5 


Full tribal 




1 






1 




Three or more tribes.. 




Three or more tribes. . 

Tribal blood of one 

parent unknown 


31 
31 

7 
10 

14 


10 
10 

4 
3 

3 


77 
76 

20 
18 

38 

1 


46 
46 

12 
9 

25 


22 
22 

4 
7 

11 




2 

18 
18 

9 

8 












9 


AVhite and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white 


g 


t 

2 
2 


40 
38 

22 
14 

2 


25 
23 

14 
9 


13 
13 

7 
4 

2 


2 
2 

1 
1 


4 


WTiiteand Indian 

Less than one-half 


Hal fwhite.half Indian 

More than one-half 

white 


2 

2 


Half white, half Indian 


Negro and Indian (half 

Negro, half Indian). .. 

Mixture unkll0^vn 

Blood not reported 

MiCMAC 


1 


More than one-half 


1 1 
1 

21 6 












Unkno\vn proportions 
("Mexican'* mix- 


1 




1 
13 












2 


24 


12 


9 








2 

1 

69 


2 
35 








Blood not reported 






1 

27 


7 


Fullblood 


17 
14 

3 

28 

12 

7 

9 

22 


1 
1 
1 


) 2 

3 1 

2 1 

1 4 
5 3 

2 1 

4 

3 2 


6 
6 

7 
2 
1 

4 

9 


2 

1 

1 
2 


7 
6 

1 

17 
7 
5 
5 

9 


3 

2 

1 

9 
6 
1 
3 

2 


2 
2 


2 


73 


38 


23 


12 


Full tribal ^ 

Tribal blood of one par- 


2 


Malecite. .. -- 


Mixed blood (white and 


7 
2 
3 
2 

3 






1 


Full blood 


• 37 

2S 

9 

105 
68 
21 
16 

206 


20 
13 

7 

-53 

31 
11 
11 

111 


9 
6 
3 

29 
18 
3 

8 

44 


5 
3 
2 

18 
9 
6 
3 

52 


6 
4 
2 

6 

4 
2 

15 


17 
15 
2 

52 

37 

10 

5 

95 


6 
5 

1 

29 

23 

2 

4 

43 


7 
6 

1 

20 

12 

7 

1 

37 


4 
4 

3 
2 
1 

15 


Less than one-half white 
Half white, half Indian. . 
More than one-half white 

MOHEGAN 




Full tribal 


1 


Mixed tribal (two tribes) 
Mixed blood (white and 


3 


Lessthan one-halfwhite. 
Half white, half Indian. 
More than one-halfwhite 


Mixed blood: 

White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white 


14 

10 

4 

6 
2 

29 




8 

5 

3 

5 2 



3 
3 
3 


2 
2 


6 
5 

1 

1 
2 

13 


1 

1 

1 
4 


2 

1 
1 


3 
3 


Mashpee 


More than one-half 
white 

Negro and Indian (less 




FuUblood(fulltribal).... 


1 

205 
38 

22 
7 

9 
15 

5 

7 

3 

152 

1 


1 

110 
20 

10 
6 

4 
7 

2 
3 

2 
83 


1 

43 

9 

4 

3 
1 

] 

""3C 


52 
9 

5 
3 

1 

S 

1 

2 

2 
Si 


15 
2 

1 
1 

""i 

1 

■■'12 


95 
18 

12 

1 

5 

8 

3 

4 

1 
69 

1 


43 
9 


37 

e 

3 


15 
3 

2 
1 


than one-half Negro) . . 
Negro,white,and Indian. 

MONTAUK 


..... 

6 






1 


6 4 




5 




White and Indian 

Less than one-half 


3 




9 
6 
3 

20 
13 

1 
7 

S 
■i 
2 

; 

7 




8 1 

6 

3 1 

8 a 

7 5 


4 
4 

; 


3 

1 
2 

2 
2 

1 
1 


1 
1 






1 


Halfwhite.halflndian 
More than one-half 








1 


2 
4 

'. 

i 
""k 


3 

4 


Mixed tribal (two tribes) 








12 
6 


, 


e 


2 


Negro and Indian 

Less than one-hal f 
Negro 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 


1 


HalfNegro.halflndian 
More than one-half 


1 
2- 


""12 




Half white, half Indian 
More than one-half 


3 1 

3 1 


I 


4 

2 
4 
2 

: 

2 
3S 


1 
2 




1 


Negro.white, and Indian 




Negro and Indian. .... 

Half Nesro.half lodiai 

More than one-halt 

Negro 


1 












1 


Mattapon? 










I 


Full blood (raised tribal, 
two tribes) 


1 
1,425 










1 

65e 


36- 


1 19- 


I 98 


MUNSEE 




13 1 


5 1 


) ? 


J 


3 5 




766 


37( 


) 26- 


r 123 


Fullblood 


1_ 

5 
3 2 

1 

3 2, 


I 


7 

2 

5 

26 1 

9 

4 
13 


2 

2 

1 
3 
2 
7 


i 2 
[ 1 

2 1 

7 t 

3 1 

3i 


3 

1 

1 




2 

i 


i 

5 

2 
7 
6 
9 


S 1 






1 1 


Menominee 


Mixed tribal (two tribes 

Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 


2 


Fullblood 


704 

66£ 

33 

e 


373 
349 
20 

4 


13 
11< 

1 


J 15( 
) 14. 

.... 


) 8C 
85 

1 


331 

3ie 

13 
2 


13 
13 


J 10 
I 10- 

1 

I 


3 84 
1 81 
i 3 

I 


5 4 




Mixed tribal (two tribes 
Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unknown 


Less than one-half whiti 
Half white, hall Indian. 
More than one-half whit 


1 

2 1 



' Totals include persons of unknown age. 



126 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



INDIANS IN EACH STOCK AND TRIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 

PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



Table 51— Coiitmued. 



TRIBE AND MI.XTVRE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 


. 


MALE. 






FEMALE. 




TTn- 


2n 


SI 




Un- 


20 




To- i 


der 


to 


vrs. 


To- 


der 


to 




tal.i 


20 


60 


and 


tal.' 


20 


50 






yrs. 


yrs. 


over, 




yrs. 


yrs. 



yrs. 
and 



ALGONQUIAN STOCK— Continued. 





Ifi 


8 


3 


4 


1 


S 


2 


1 


5 






Full blood 


6 
3 
3 

iO 
6 

3 
2 

1 

1 
3 

1 


3 

1 
2 

5 
3 

1 
1 

1 

1 
1 


1 

i 

2 

2 


2 

1 
1 

2 


1 

1 

1 


3 

2 
1 

5 
3 

2 
1 


1 




2 




2 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 
Mixed blood 


1 

1 

1 

i 






1 

1 

1 


3 


White and Indian 

Le.ss than one -half 


1 
1 




1 
1 






More than one -half 










Neero and Indian, (less 

than one-half Negro) . . . 

Negro, white, and Indian 

NlANTIC 


1 
1 














2 
1 






2 






1 


















Full blood (full tribal) 


1 

2,:i7 










1 

1,288 






1 


Ottawa 


1,429 


665 


524 


237' 


600 


489 


196 






Full blood 


1,720 

1,535 

ISO 

166 

H 

5 

997 
966 

523 
213 

221 
9 
15 

14 

1 
12 

4 

83 


904 

803 

97 

93 

4 

4 

525 
508 

279 
111 

112 

iS 

9 
1 
5 
2 

48 


369 
315 
50 

47 
3 

4 

296 
288 

153 
56 

74 
5 
2 

2 


3,53 

315 

38 

37 

1 


180, 

171! 

9 

9 


816 

732 

S3 

73 

10 

1 

472 
458 

244 
102 

109 
3 

5 

5 


325 

276 

49 

40 

9 

275 
265 

151 
40 

72 
2 
1 

1 


328 

302 

25 

24 

1 

1 

161 
158 

77 
48 

32 
1 
3 


161 


Full tribal 


152 


Mixed tribal 


9 




9 


Three or more tribes. . . 
Tribal blood of one par- 
ent nnk-nnwn 




Mixed blood. .. .. 


171 
166 

94 
40 

31 
1 

5 

5 


57 
64 

32 
15 

7i 

""3 

2 
1 


35 


White and Indian 

Less than one -half 
white 


34 
15 


Half white, half Indian. 
Mor6_ than one -half 


14 


t'nknown proportions . 

Negro and Indian 

Less than one -half 


..... 
1 


Half Nesro.half Indian 




Negro, white and Indian 


4 
2 

21 




2 
35 


7 
2 

14 


















23 


4 


14 


7 






Full blood .... 


C 
1 

73 
IS 
53 
2 

3 
386 


5 
4 
1 

41 
9 
32 


1 

i 

19 
5 
14 


4 
4 




2 
2 






2 


Full tribal 






2 










Mi-xed blood (white and 
Indian) 


19 
3 
16 


3 

1 
2 


32 
9 

21 
2 

1 
189 


14 
6 
8 
1 


14 
3 

10 
1 


4 


Less than one-half white 
Half white, half Indian. . . 
More than one-half white. 


1 
3 


Blood not reported 


2 
197 


1 
69 


95 


1 

33 


1 


Passamaquoddt 


83 


78 


28 


Full blood 


295 

299 

6 

91 

32 

53 

5 

1 

266 


150 
149 

1 

47 
20 
24 
3 


55 
55 


70 
70 


25 

24 

1 

8 
1 

7 


145 

140 

5 

44 

12 

29 

2 

1 

126 


63 
60 
3 

20 
7 

11 
1 
1 

52 


58 

57 

1 

20 
5 

14 
1 


24 


Full tribal 


23 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 


1 


Mixed blood (white and 


14 
6 
7 

1 


25 
13 
10 
2 


4 


Less than one^half white . 
Half white, half Indian... 
More than one-half white. 
Unknown proportions. 


..... 


Penobscot 


140 


51 


58 


31 


48 


25 






Full blood 


85 
60 
25 

181 

115 

59 

7 

128 


49 
35 
14 

91 

56 

33 

2 

61 


3 

1 
2 

48 

32 

15 

1 

35 


29 
19 
10 

29 
16 
12 

1 

22 


17 
16 
2 

14 
8 
6 

4 


36 
25 
11 

90 

59 

26 

5 

67 


t 

4 

43 

33 

9 

1 

41 


12 
10 
2 

36 

21 

11 

4 

22 


15 


Full tribal 

Mixed tribal (two tribes). 

Mixed blood (while and 
Indian) 


10 

5 

10 


Less than one-half white, . 
Half while, half Indian.. 
More than on e-halfwhite. 

Peoelv 


5 
5 

4 






Fullblood 


7 
2 
4 

1 


2 

1 
1 




2 

1 
1 




6 
1 
3 




4 


1 


Full tribal 




Mixed tribal (two tribes). 
Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unknown 




3 

1 





tribe and mixttjhe of 
blood. 



Both 




MALE. 






FEMALE, 




Un- 


20 


,51 




Un- 


20 




To- 


der 


to 


yrs. 


To- 


der 


to 




tal.i 


20 


50 


and 


tal,! 


20 


50 






yrs. 


yrs. 


over. 




yrs. 


yrs. 



yrs. 
and 



AliGONQTJIAN STOCK— Continued. 



Peoria— Continued. 

Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 


119 
20 
22 
74 
3 

2 
60 


59 
IJ 
14 
32 
2 


3.5 

7 
5 
21 

2 


20 
3 
7 

10 


4 

1 
2 

1 


60 
9 
8 

42 
1 

2 
31 


41 
G 
4 

30 

1 

18 


17 
2 
4 

11 


2 


Lessthan one-half white.. 
Half white, half Indian.. 
Morethan on^halfwhite . 
Unknown proportions. . . 

Blood not reported 


1 
..... 






1 
9 


1 




35 


18 


11 


6 


4 






FuU blood (full tribal) 

Mixed blood 


3 

63 
25 

3 
11 

11 
10 

8 

2 

28 

2 


2 

33 
15 

2 
6 

7 
6 

4 

2 
12 

1 


18 
9 

3 

6 
1 

1 

S 

1 


1 

10 

4 

1 
3 

2 
1 
3 


1 

5 
2 

1 

1 
2 

1 
1 
1 


1 

30 
10 

1 
5 

4 
4 

4 


18 

4 


1 

S 
4 


4 


White and Indian 

Less than one - half 
white . . 


2 
1 


Half white, half Indian. 
More than one -half 

white 

Negro and Indian 

Less than one - hal f 


1 

3 
2 

2 


4 
..... 

1 


1 
1 

1 


Half Negro, half Indian . 
Negro, white, and Indian. 




16 

1 


12 


3 


1 
1 














Full blood (full tribal) 

Mixed blood (half white, 


1 

1 

2,268 










1 






1 


1 
1,122 


1 
590 












PlEGAN 


430 


102 


1,146 


695 


418 


1,12 






Fullblood 


1,214 

1,206 

8 

1,053 
1,025 

200 
377 

422 

26 
2 

1 

1 

26 

1 
1 


573 

569 

4 

548 
532 

110 
191 

220 

11 
2 

1 

1 

14 

1 


257 

255 

2 

3,33 
322 

88 
.85 

142 

7 

1 

1 

""io 


229 
227 

2 

200 
195 

22 
96 

74 

3 

1 


87 
87 

15 
16 

"'"io 

4 

1 


641 
637 

4 

505 
493 

90 
186 

202 
15 


279 

276 

3 

316 
307 

74 
SO 

143 

10 


246 

245 
1 

172 
169 

15 
92 

58 
4 


115 


Full tribal 


lis 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 
Mixed blood 


17 


White and Indian 

Less than one -half 


17 

1 


Halfwhite,haUIndian. 
More than one -half 


14 

1 


Unknown proportions 
("Mexican" mix- 
ture).. .. 


1 


Negro and Indian 

Less than one -half 
Negro 














HalfNegro, half Indian. 
Mixture unknown 


1 

4 

1 














12 


9 


3 








1 




1 
















Mixed blood (half Negro, 

ha.l find inn ^ 


1 

2,440 










1 
1,072 


609 


1 
341 




POTAWATOMI 


1,368 


725 


491 


150 


118 


Fullblood 


960 
795 
164 
158 
6 

1 

1,478 
1,461 

418 
212 

828 
3 
9 

8 

1 

7 

1 

2 


633 

441 

92 

89 

3 


228 
166 
62 
59 
3 


207 
183 
24 
24 


97 

91 

6 

6 


427 

364 

72 

69 

3 

1 

645 
633 

161 
100 

371 

1 
7 

6 

1 

4 

1 


200 

152 

48 

45 

3 

409 
402 

99 

48 

255 
4 

3 

1 

2 
1 


1,10 
132 
17 
17 


73 


Full tribal 


68 




fi 




R 






Tribal blood of one par- 






1 

191 
186 

51 
35 

99 
1 
3 

3 




Mixed blood 


833 
828 

257 
112 

457 
2 
2 

2 


497 
495 

164 
40 

290 

1 


283 
280 

71 
61 

147 
1 
2 

2 


52 
52 

22 
11 

19 


45 


White and Indian 

Leiis than one -half 


45 
11 


Half white, half Indian. 

More than one -half 

white 


17 

17 


Unknown proportions. 

Negro and Indian 

Less than one- half 




Half Negro, half Indian . 
Negro, white, and In- 
dian 




3 


2 


1 




2 




Mixture unknown 

Blood not reported 




2 




1 


1 







* Totals include persons of unknown age. 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 127 

INDIANS IN EA.CH STOCK AND TRIHE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 

PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OF HLOOD: lOlO-Continued. 



Table 51— Continued. 



TltlBE .VNl) MIXTURE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 
sexes. 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 



yrs. yrs. over 



51 
yrs. 
and 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 



yrs. yrs. over. 



51 
yrs. 
and 



AIiOONQTJIAN STOCK— Continued. 



•Powhatan. 



Kuii blood 

Full tribal 

Triliiil blood of one par- 
ent unknown 



Mi.xed blood (white and 

Indian) 

Less than one-half white. . 
ll:ilf white, half Indian.. 
More than one-half white. 

BlcKXl not reported ■ 



Sauk and Fox. 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

Mixed tribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes. . . 

Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unknown 



Mixed blood 

White and Indian 

Less than one - half 

white 

Halfwhite. halflndian. 
More than one -half 

white 

Negro and Indian 

Less than one- half 

Ne^o 

Half Negro.half Indian. 
More than one- half 

Negro 

Negro, white. and Indian. 
Mixture unknown 



Blood not reported . 



Shawuee. 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

Mixed tribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes. 



Mixed blood 

White and Indian 

Less than one - half 

white 

Half white, half Indian. 
More than one - half 

white 

Unknown proportions, 
and " Mexican " mix- 
tine 

Negro and Indian 

Less than one-half 

Negro 

Half Negro, halflndian. 
More than one - half 

Negro 

Negro, white, and Indian. 
Either white or Negro 

and Indian 

Mixture imknown 



Blood not reported - 



Shinnecock. 



Mixed blood: 
Half Negro, half Indian. 
More than one - half 
Negro 



Stockbbidges. 



Full blood 

FuU tribal 

MLxed tribal(twotribes) 
Tribal blood of one par- 
ent imknown 



131 



724 



547 
490 



171 
154 

52 
45 

57 
13 

6 
1 

6 
3 
1 



1,338 



535 

467 

68 

61 



800 
776 



139 
101 



52: 



163 

4 

533 



184 
143 
40 



22 



377 

28S 
201 
26 
25 
1 



29 



246 
213 



378 
371 



250 
i 



79 



40 23 



133 

116 

17 

16 

1 



3 
337 



120 
111 



X02 
85 
1 
13 



23 
232 



31 



30 



128 



39 



102 



59 



10 



259 
229 



289 
254 
35 
32 



422 
405 



277 



36 



13 



118 
100 
18 
16 



23 



131 



109 
101 



112 

86 
26 



121 

106 

16 

12 

3 

283 
270 

35 
26 

205 



34 



34 



57 



12 



38 



TiiinE and mi-\ture of 
blood. 



Both 
sexes. 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



51 
yr.-i. 
and 
over. 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



51 
3rrs. 
and 
over. 



ALGONQUIAN STOCK— Continued. 



Stockbridges— Con. 
Mixed blood 


340 
216 

72 
84 

60 
101 

94 

7 

23 

9 
162 


190 
120 

39 
45 

36 
67 

61 

^9 
2 

93 


103 
68 

21 
22 

25 
27 

24 
3 
S 

2 
40 


69 
39 

11 

18 

10 
29 

26 
3 

1 


24 
13 

7 
5 

1 
11 

11 


i 

144! 
96 

33 
39 

24 
34 

33 
1 
14 

7 
69 


81 
53 

23 
IC 

14 
10 

15 
1 
12 

7 
28 


50 
34 

19 

S 
15 

15 


13 


White and Indian 

Less than one -half 
white 


9 
3 


Hal f white, half Iiid ian . 
More thmi one -half 


4 
2 


Negro and Indian 

Less than one-half 


3 
3 


Half Negro.half Indian. 
Negro, white, and Indian . 

Blood not reported 

Wampanoag 




1 


1 


35 


16 


28 


13 


Full blood (full tribal) 


4 

■ 158 
21 

17 
3 

1 
10 

5 
2 

3 

126 

1 
4 


1 

92 
12 

10 

1 

71 
3 


40 

4 

4 

3 

1 

2 
33 


1 

34 

6 

4 

1 

1 
5 

3 

1 

1 

2^ 


15 
2 

2 


3 

66 
9 

7 
2 


28 
1 

1 


2 

26 
5 

4 
1 


1 
12 


White and Indian 

Le^is than one -half 


3 
2 


Half white, half Indian. 
More than one -half 
white 


1 


Negro and Indian 

Less than one-half 
Negro 




2 

1 
1 


1 

i 


1 
1 




Half Negro, half Indian. 
More than one -half 








Negro, white. and Indian. 
Either white or Negro 


12 

1 

1 


55 


26 


20 


9 


Wea 




2 


1 




1 




FuU blood (mixed tribal, 


2 
2 


2 

1 





1 
1 


1 










Mixed blood (more than 


1 




1 









ATHAPASKAN STOCK. 



Total 


50,400 


15.324 


8,674 


5,146 


1,457 


15,082 


8,266 


5,230 


1,551 


Full blood 


28,264 

28,024 

190 

50 

1,045 
1,015 

235 
562 

142 

76 
12 

11 

1 

4 

1 
13 
3 

10 

1,097 


14.211 

14,094 

98 

19 

508 
553 

117 
310 

81 

45 

6 

1 


8,027 

7,954 

68 

15 

374 
362 

110 
156 

63 

34 
6 

5 

1 


4,7.53 

4,720 

30 

3 

178 
175 

6 
141 

18 

10 

1 

1 


1,387 

1,376 

10 

1 

16 
16 

1 
14 

1 


14,053 

13,930 

92 

31 

477 
462 

118 
252 

61 

31 

5 

6 


7,693 

7,016 

57 

20 

324 
315 

103 

140 

49 

23 
3 

3 


4.848 

4,816 

26 

7 

144 
138 

14 
104 

12 

8 
2 

2 


1,470 




1,456 


Mixed stock (twostooks) . 
Stock in part unknown . . 

Mixed blood 


10 

4 




White and Indian 

Less than one - half 


U 

1 


Halfwhite, halflndian. 
Mor^ than one -half 


8 


Unknown proportions, 
and "Mexican" mix- 




Negro and Indian 

Half Negro, half In- 




More than one - half 




Negro, white, and In- 






4 


2 


2 




Either white or Negro 


1 
7 


6 


1 
1 






Otherraces and Indian.. . 




6 
3 
3 

562 


4 

1 
3 

239 


2 
2 






7 
545 


6 
273 

2 


1 
215 


54 




Blood not reported 


238 


72 




2 


2 






















Mixed blood (half white, 
halflndian! 


2 


2 


2 


1 










1 Totals include persons of unknown age. 



128 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



INDIANS IN EACH STOCK AND TRIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 

PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



TTable 51 — Continued. 


Both 
sexes. 


MALE. 


1 

FEMALE. 


TEIBE AND MIXXyRE OF 
BLOOD. 


Both 
sexes. 


MALE. 


FEMALE. 


TRIBE AUD MIXTL-RE OP 
BLOOD. 


To- 
tal.i 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
50 
yrs. 


51 

>TS. 

and 
over. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
50 
yrs. 


51 

yrs 
and 
over. 


To- 
tal." 


Un- 
der 
20 
yis. 


20 
to 
50 

yrs. 


51 
yrs 
and 

over. 


To- 
tal.! 


Un- 
der 

20 
yrs. 


20 
to 

60 
yrs. 


51 
yrs. 
and 

over. 


ATHAPASKAN 


STOCK— Continued. 








ATHAPASKAN 


3TOCK— Continned. 








4,973 


2,514 


1,286 


917 


305 


2,459 


1.151 


937 


366 


Kai-Pomo— Contd. 
Mixed blood (white and 


15 
7 
8 

139 


10 
4 
6 

56 


4 
3 

28 


3 




5 
3 
2 

83 


4 

3 
1 

40 


1 








Full blood 


3,801 

3,749 

50 

48 

2 

2 

127 
122 

34 

52 

14 

22 

5 

1,045 

7 


1.919 

1,892 

27 

20 

1 


975 

956 

19 

18 

1 


690 

686 

4 

4 


249 

245 

4 

4 


1,882 

1,857 

23 

22 

1 

2 

62 
60 

18 
23 

3 

6 

2 

625 

5 


892 

874 

18 

17 

1 

37 
35 

15 
13 

4 

2 

222 

5 


693 

688 
3 
3 


295 

293 

2 

2 




Full tribal 




Mixed tribal 


Less than one-half white 
Half white, half Indian. . . 

Kiowa Apache 

FuU blood 






3 
22 


6 


1 
3.3 








Tribal blood of one par- 






2 

14 
14 

3 

9 


1 
1 

..... 






75 
72 

16 
29 

11 

16 

3 

520 

2 


53 
51 

16 
13 

10 

12 

2 

258 

1 


19 
18 


3 
3 


10 




117 
92 
25 

17 
8 

22 

1 
1 

20 
28 


48 

35 

13 

8 

5 

8 
1 
1 

6 
11 


24 

14 
10 
5 
5 

4 
1 

3 
f 


18 
15 
3 
3 


6 
6 


69 
57 
12 
9 
3 

14 


29 
21 

8 
6 
2 

11 


30 

27 

3 

2 

1 

3 








\\ hiteand Indian.. 


FuU tribal 




Less than one-half 


Mixed tribal.. 


1 


white 






Half white, half Indian 
More than one-half 


14 
1 

3 

1 

208 

1 


2 

1 
53 


Three or more tribes. . . 

Mixed blood (white and 
Indian. ) 




4 






Unknown proportions, 


2 








Less than one-half white 
Half white, half Indian . . 
Unknown proportions, 
and "Mexican" mix- 
ture 




Xegro and Indian (half 

NPgrn, half Indian) 


1 
3 

3 












2 


14 

17 


11 

7 


3 
3 




Blood not reported 

Chastacosta 


230 


70 




Lip AN .A.PACHE 

Full blood . , . 


7 










Mixed blood* 


5 
1 
1 

9 


1 
1 


1 






4 


4 






26 
15 
11 

2 

34 


9 
8 
1 

2 

15 


4 
3 
1 

2 

7 


3 
3 


2 
2 


17 

7 

10 


7 
7 


3 
2 

1 


7 


IjCss than one-half white. 


FuU tribal 


5 


Half white, half Indian . . 


1 








MLxed tribal (two tribes). 

Mixed blood (half white, 
half Indian) 


2 


More th^n one-half white . 




1 
5 


1 
2 














4 




4 




2 


1 








6 


2 


19 


8 


10 








Full blood 


2 
1 

1 

7 
6 

1 
9 


1 




1 




1 
1 






1 
1 


1 


Full tribal 






Full blood 


MLxed tribal (two tribes). 


1 

3 
2 

1 

6 


4 


1 

3 
2 

1 
2 








10 

8 

1 

1 

24 
21 

4 
15 

2 

3 

424' 


6 
5 




3 
3 


2 
2 


5 
3 
1 

1 

14 
11 

2 
9 


1 

i 

7 
e 

2 
4 


3 
2 








4 
4 


2 

2 


2 
2 




FuU tribal 


1 


MLxed blood (white and 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 
Tribal blood of one par- 




Half white, half Indian . . . 


10 
10 

2 
6 

2 


7 
7 

4 
1 


3 
3 




1 

7 
5 




Unlcnown proportions, 
(" Mexican " mixture). . 


MLxed blood 








3 


1 




2 




Cow Cbeez 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 






Half white, half Indian . 

More than one-half 

white 


2 
1 




5 




FuU blood (full tribal) 


2 

7 
S 
2 

639 


1 

5 
4 
1 

312 


4 

4 

152 


1 
1 




1 

2 
1 

1 

327 






1 
1 






1 
1 






Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 


Other races and Indian 




3 
234 


1 
100 


2 

75 




Ii6S8 than one-half white. 


Mescalero .^.pache . 

Full bInnH 


190 


94 


68 


28 




Half white, half Indian... 


1 
106 


54 




1 
57 






145 


125 


59 


HtJP.4. 


411! 
392| 

19 

13 

22,455 


185 

174 

11 

5 

11,346 


92 
84 

8 

2 

6,683 


66 

64 

2 

2 

3,712 


27 

26 

1 

1 

910 


226 

218 

8 

8 

11,109 


92 
89 
3 

8 

6,413 


75 "^ 






72 
3 


67 
2 


Full blood 


345 

32.') 

20 

15 

5 

294 

292 

22 
217 

S3 

2 

694 


159 

149 

10 

9 

1 

153 
152 

15 
113 

24 

1 

355 


58 
51 

7 
6 

1 

94 
93 

14 
58 

21 

1 

167 


52 
49 
3 
3 


49 
49 


186 

176 

10 

6 

4 

141 
140 

7 
104 

29 

1 

339 


60 
54 
6 
2 
4 

85 
84 

6 

50 

28 
1 

162 


74 
71 
3 
3 


52 

51 

1 

1 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 

Mixed blood (less than one- 
haU white) 


Full tribal 


Mixed tribal 












Mixed blood 


54 
54 

1 
50 

3 


5 
S 

..... 


51 
61 

1 
49 

1 


6 
5 




3,761 




White and Indian 


898 








white 


22,304 
22,241 

63 1 

99 

3 

41 
5 

23 

6 

5 

1 

1 
1 

52 


11,257 

11,227 

30 

64 
59 

14 
24 

S 

16 
4 
3 

1 


6,624 

6,598 

26 

44 
40 

13 
11 

3 

13 
4 
3 

1 


3,686 

3,6S:i 

3 

19 
18 

1 
12 

2 
3 


908! 
907 

1 

1 
1 

..... 


11,047 

11,014 

33 

35 
32 

8 
17 


6,367 

6,344 

23 

29 
27 

7 
14 


3,747 

3,739 

8 

6 
5 

1 
3 




Half white, half Indian. 


Full tribal 


894 


More than one-half 


Mixed tribal (two tribes) . 
Mixed blood 


2 


Other raeca and Indian 
(Chinese) 






132 


56 


129 


48 


^^ hite and Indian 

Less than on6.hair 
white 




JlCAWLLA .VPACHE. . . 


Half white,half Indian. 
More than one-half 
white 




Full blood: 


G92 
2 

51 


354 

1 

26 


166 
1 

10 


132 


66 


338 

1 

25 


162 
12 


128 
1 

8 


48 

5 




Full tribal 


Unlcnown proportions 
("Mexican" mix- 
ture) 




7 
2 
2 


6 
1 

1 


1 
1 

1 




Mixed tribal (two tribes). 






10 


6 






Neeroand Indian 

Hal f Nepro, half Indian . 
More than oncvhalf 






















36 
24 
10 
7 
3 

2 


16 
12 
4 

3 

1 


3 
1 



i 
1 


7 
5 
2 
2 


6 
6 


20 
12 
6 
4 
2 

2 


8 
1 
5 
3 
2 

2 


7 
6 

1 
1 


5 
5 




Full tribal 


NeRTo, white, and In- 
dian 






1 


1 










Two tribes 


Either white or Negro 
and Indian 


1 
25 


15 


1 








Three or more tribes... 




Blood not renorted 


1 


27 


17 


8 




Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unknown 










3 



I Totals include persons of unknown age. 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



129 



INDIANS IN EACH STOCK AND TRIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 

PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



Table 51— Conlinued. 


Both 
so.\es. 

1 


MALE. 


FEM.VLE. 


TRIBE AND MI.XTimE OF 
BLOOD. 


Both 

sexes. 


maij:. 


female. 


TRIBE -VND MIXTUKE OF 
BLOOD. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
60 
yrs. 


51 

yrs 
and 

over. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
50 
yrs. 


51 
yrs 
and 
ever. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 

50 
yrs. 


51 

yrs 
and 
over. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 

20 
yrs. 


20 51 
to vrs. 
50 and 
yrs. over. 


ATHAPASl 


SAN 


STOCK- 


-Continued. 








ATHAPA8KAN STOCK— Continued. 


Redwood (Whu- ' 

KUT) 


7fi 


44 


IS 


17 


9 


32 


15 


9 


8 


Upper Coquille 


15 


6 


3 


1 


2 


9 




4 


5 




53 
41 
12 

23 
15 

8 
S 

2 

8 

383 


32 
23 
9 

12 
6 

2 
3 

1 

6 

206 


9 
3 

6 

9 
4 

2 
1 

1 

5 

107 


14 
12 
2 

3 
2 


9 

8 
1 


21 
18 
3 

11 
9 

6 
2 

1 

2 

177 


6 

4 
2 

9 
7 

6 

1 
2 

82 


7 
6 

1 

2 

2 


8 
8 


Full blood 

Full tribal 


14 1 
8 
6 

1 

227 


5 
2 
3 

1 

105 


2 




2 


6 
3 




1 
3 


5 


Fulltribal 


Mixed tribal (two tribes) . 

Mixed blood (less than one- 
half white) 


2 

1 
50 


1 




Mixed tribal (two tribes) . 




White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white 


Wailaki 


38 


17 


122 


60 


38 


24 


Halfwhite. halt Indian. 
More than one^half 


2 








Full blood 


82 
74 
8 

145 
143 

18 
106 

19 

2 


34 

32 

2 

71 
71 

9 
51 

11 


4 
3 
1 

46 
46 

9 

28 

9 


13 
13 

25 
25 


17 
16 

1 


48 

42 

6 

74 
72 

9 

55 

8 
2 


7 
5 
2 

53 
52 

9 
36 

7 

1 


18 
16 
2 

20 
19 


23 


FuU tribal 


21 


Other races and Indian 


1 

59 


40 






Mi.xed tribal (two tribes) . 
Mixed blood 






54 


40 




Rogue Eiver 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white 




Full blood 


223 
167 
48 
32 
16 

8 

160 
159 

40 
72 

37 
10 

1 
6 


113 
84 
26 
20 
6 

3 

93 

93 

16 
47 

24 
6 


43 
29 
14 
9 
5 

64 
C4 

16 
24 

18 
6 


33 
23 

? 
1 

2 

26 
26 


37 

32 

4 

4 

1 

3 
3 


110 
83 
22 
12 
10 

5 

67 
66 

24 

25 

13 

4 

1 
3 


37 
20 
16 
9 

7 

1 

45 
45 

20 
15 

8 
2 

1 


32 
27 
5 
2 
3 

22 
21 

iJ 

5 
2 

1 


40 
35 

1 
1 

4 
2 


Halfwhite, half Indian. 
More than one-half 


23 
2 




is 

1 
1 




Fulltribal 




Mixed t ribal 


Negro, white, and Indian. 
















Three or more tribes. . . 
Tribal blood of one par- 






CADDOAN STOCK. 














Total 


1,863 


906' 


451 


311 


108 


957 


504 


347 






lOS 


Le5s than one-half 


Full blood 




1,574 

1,449 

107 

18 

277 
261 

94 
84 

77 

6 
16 

4 
2 

10 

12 


758 

702 

45 

11 

143 
132 

49 
45 

36 

2 
11 

2 
1 

8 

5 


355 

319 

26 

10 

94 

85 

34 

24 

25 

2 

9 

2 


299 

287 

11 

1 

40 
40 

13 

17 

10 


100 
93 


816 

747 

62 

7 

134 
129 

45 
39 

41 

4 

5 

2 

1 

2 

7 


411 

369 

37 

5 

91 

87 

35 

17 

33 

2 
4 

2 

2 
2 


311 

288 

21 

2 

33 
32 

7 
16 

7 

2 
1 


93 


Halfwhite, half Indian. 

More than one-half 

\T-hite 


20 
6 


3 




K9 


Mixed stock (two stocks) . 
Stock in part unknown . . 

Mixed blood . . 


4 


Unlmo^Ti proportions. 
Negro, white, and In- 








in 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
•jvhite 


10 




3 




2 


1 


3 


Saiaz. 


Halfwhite, half Indian. 

More than one-half 

white 


6 








5 
3 
2 

1 

1 


2 

1 
1 

1 

1 




1 


1 
1 


I 

1 


1 




2 
2 


1 




Unlmown proportions, 
and "Mexican" mix- 








Mixed tribal (two tribes) . 


1 


1 
1 


1 












Mixed blood (more than 
■ one-half white) 


Negro and Indian 

Less than one-half 




















HalfNeKro,haUIndian. 
More than one-half 






1 




Tenankutchin 


7 
2 


2 






MLxed blood (half white, 
half Indian) 


1 
3 


1 

1 


1 
1 














Blood not reported 


3 

76 


2 








2 


2 






444 


209 


104 


72 


32 


235 


124 


35 


















372 
319 

50 

48 

2 

3 

72 
66 

42 
14 

10 

6 

452 


171 

151 

17 

17 


SO 
71 

7 
7 


62 
57 
4 
4 


28 

23 

5 

5 


201 

168 

33 

31 

2 


103 
82 
21 
20 
1 


68 

59 

9 

8 

1 




Mixed blood (less than 
half whiter 


3 
121 


1 
64 


1 
30 






2 
57 


2 
25 






Fulltribal 


27 




3 




24 


10 


24 


6 




3 




Three or more tribes.. 
Tribal blood of one par- 






3 

38 
34 

24 

5 

5 
4 

231 


2 

24 
21 

18 

1 

2 
3 

128 


1 

10 
10 

6 
3 

2 

82 










Full blood 


78 
67 
11 
10 

1 

43 
42 

20 
21 

1 

1 

109 


37 
34 
3 
3 


12 
10 
2 
2 


15 
14 

1 
1 


10 
10 


41 
33 

8 
7 

1 

16 
15 

9 
6 


14 
9 
5 

4 

1 

11 
11 

7 
4 


19 
16 
3 
3 


6 
6 


Mixed blood 


4 
3 

1 
1 

1 

1 

19 


34 
32 

18 
9 

5 

2 

221 


21 

19 

14 
1 

4 

2 

128 


8 
8 

3 
4 

1 




Full tribal 


5 


Mixed tribal 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 


5 








1 


Mixed blood . . 


27 
27 

11 

15 

1 


18 
18 

11 

'i 


9 
9 




5 
4 

2 
2 




Halfwhite. half Indian . 

More than one-half 

\rhite 


1 


White and Indian . . , . . 




Less than one-half 


Negro and Indian (more 
than one-half Negro) .. . 

Caddo 




Half white, half Indian . 

More than one-half 

white 


8 
1 




79 


14 


Negro and Indian (half 
Negro, half Indian) 




1 
54 


24 


1 

18 


12 


FuU blood 


336 

299 

37 

31 

6 

116 
111 

30 
36 

40 
5 


172 

150 

22 

17 

5 

59 
54 

14 
21 

18 

1 


89 
71 
18 
13 

5 

39 
35 

9 
11 

14 
1 


65 
61 
4 
4 


18 
18 


164 

149 

15 

14 

1 

57 
57 

16 

15 

22 
4 


88 
79 
9 
8 

1 

40 
40 

13 

6 

19 
2 


63 

57 

6 

6 


13 


55 


24 


22 


9 


Full tribal 


13 










Twotribes 






Three or more tribes. . . 
Mixed blood 




Full blood 


60 
32 
28 
26 
2 

49 
32 
10 

7 


33 
17 
16 
14 
2 

22 
15 
6 
1 


10 

; 

5 
2 

14 
13 
1 


17 

8 
9 
9 


6 
6 


27 
15 
12 
12 


9 
2 

7 
7 


3 

4 
4 


11 
10 

1 
1 


17 
17 

4 

9 

4 


1 

1 

'""'i 


IC 
16 

2 
9 

3 

2 


1 






White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white 


i 


Twotribes 




Three or more tribes. . - 
Mixed blood (white and 




5 
2 
2 

1 


3 


27 

17 
4 
6 


15 
13 
1 

1 


11 
3 
3 
5 


1 
1 


Halfwhite, half Indian. 

More than one-half 

white 




Less than one-half white. - 
Half white, half Indian. . 
Uorethan one-half white. 


Unknown proportions, 
and " Mexican " mix- 
tare 





67090°— 15- 



1 Totals include persons of unknown age. 



130 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



INDIANS IN EACH STOCK ANB TRIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 

PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



Table 51 — Continued. 



TBIBE AND MIXTDBE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 
sexes. 



To- 
tal.i 



Un- 
der 
20 

yrs. 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over, 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 

JTS. 



51 

yrs 
and 
over. 



CADDOAN STOCK— Continued. 



CHIMAKITAN STOCK. 



Caddo— Continued. 

Mixed blood— Continued. 

Nefa"oand Indian 

Half Nepro, half Indian . 
More than one-half 


5 

1 

4 
10 


5 

1 

4 
6 


4 


























4 

2 
















4 




4 


2 


1 


1 






Full blood 


8 
1 

7 

2 
1 
1 

633 


5 


2 


3 




3 

1 
2 

1 
1 


1 


1 


1 




1 


Mixed tribal (two tribes) 
Mixed blood (white and 


5 

1 


2 


3 

1 




1 

1 

1 


1 










Half white, half Indian . . . 
Pawnee 


1 
307 


142 


1 
127 








35 


326 


153 


136 


36 






Full blood 


544 

530 

14 

11 

3 

77 
21 
29 
26 

1 
12 

1 


261 

256 

5 

4 

1 

41 
11 
16 
13 

1 
5 


113 

111 

2 

1 
1 

27 
7 

10 
9 

1 
2 


113 

111 

2 

2 


32 
31 

1 
1 


283 

274 

9 

7 

2 

36 
10 
13 
13 


127 

122 

5 

3 

2 

24 

7 
8 
9 


125 

121 

4 

4 


an 


Full tribal 


30 


Mixed tribal 




Two tribes 








Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 


12 
4 

4 
4 


2 
■'■"2 


8 
2 
3 
3 


4 


Less than one-half white. 
Half white, half Indian.. 
More thanone-haUwhite. 
Unknown proportions 
("Mexican mixtm'e). 

Blood not reported 

T AWAKONI 


1 
2 

1 


2 


1 


7 

1 


2 


3 

1 


2 














Full blood (fulUribal) 

Waco 


1 
5 










1 
2 




1 
1 




3 


1 


1 


1 


1 






Full blood: 
Full tribal 


3 

2 

31S 


2 

1 

150 


i 

74 


1 


1 


1 

1 

168 






1 




97 


1 
53 




Wichita 


55 


21 


IS 






Fullblood 


308 

274 

34 

30 

4 

10 
5 
4 

1 
5 

4 

1 


146 

131 

15 

13 

2 

4 

2 

2 


70 

61 

9 

7 

2 

4 
2 
2 


55 

60 

6 

5 


21 
20 

1 
1 


162 

143 

19 

17 

2 

6 
3 

2 

1 
3 

2 

1 


92 
81 
U 
10 

1 

5 
3 
2 

1 

2 

2 


52 

46 

6 

5 

1 

1 


18 


Full tribal 


16 




2 


Two tribes 


2 


Three or more tribes, . . 




Mixed blood 
















Half white, half Indian 










More than one-half 
white 












2 
2 


2 
2 






1 




Less than one-half 
Negro . . 








Half Negro, half Indian 






1 








r " 1 " 





Total 


306 


154 


76 


52 


25 


152 


56 


62 


33 






Fullblood 


286 
272 

8 
6 

20 
4 

12 
4 


142 

133 

5 

4 

12 
3 

7 
2 


65 
59 

\ 

11 
3 
6 
2 


51 
48 
3 


25 

25 




144 

139 

3 

2 

8 
1 
i 
2 


51 
48 
2 

1 

5 
1 
3 

1 


61 
60 

1 


31 




30 


Mixed stock (two stocks). 
Stock In part unknown . . 


"i 


Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 


1 




2 






Half white, half Indian... 


1 




""i 


2 




= 








TRIBE and mixture OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 
sexes. 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 

yrs. 



yrs. 
and 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 

yrs. 






51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



CHIMAKTJAN STOCK— Continued. 





3 


3 


1 


2 
























Fullblood 


2 
1 
1 

1 

44 


2 
1 
1 

1 

22 


1 

i 

12 


1 
1 












Full tribal 
























Mixed blood (half white, 
half Indian) . - 


1 
8 














2 


22 


8 


11 


3 






Full blood: 


30 

14 

259 


1 
129 


8 
4 

63 


6 
2 

42 


2 
23 


14 
8 

130 


5 
3 

48 


4 
51 


2 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 


1 
30 






Fullblood 


240 

206 

33 

29 

4 

1 

19 
4 

11 
4 


118 

98 

20 

17 

3 


52 
37 
15 
12 
3 


42 

38 

4 

4 


23 
22 

1 
1 


122 
108 
13 
12 
1 

1 

8 
1 
5 
2 


43 

8 
1 


50 

47 

3 

3 


28 


Full tribal 


26 


Mixed tribal 


1 


Two tribes 


1 






Tribal Mood of one par- 








1 


Mixed blood (white and 


11 
3 
6 
2 


11 
3 
6 
2 






5 
1 
3 
1 


1 


2 










Half white half Indian - 






..... 


2 



















CHIMAKIKAN STOCK. 



CHINOOKAN STOCK. 



Total 


31 


16 


7 


7 


2 


15 


« 


5 


1 






Fnll blood 


3 
2 

1 

28 

22 

6 


1 
1 






1 

1 


2 

1 
1 

13 
10 
3 


9 
6 
3 


2 

1 
1 

3 
3 












Mixed tribal (two tribes). 
Mixed blood (white and 








15 
12 
3 


7 
6 
1 


7 
5 
2 


1 
1 


1 


Half whiti', hilf Indian. . . 


1 









Total 


897 


459 


217 


170 


70 


43S 


196 


164 


7,'i 






Full blood 


459 

310 

116 

33 

436 
416 

63 
183 

170 
3 

2 

1 
2 

15 

2 


222 
148 
65 
19 

237 
225 

25 
109 

91 
3 

2 

1 
2 

7 


90 
46 
27 
17 

127 
122 

15 
47 

60 

1 

1 
4 


84 

61 

21 

2 

86 
82 

10 
44 

28 
2 

I 
1 
1 

1 


47 
40 

23 
20 

"is 
2 


237 
162 
61 
14 

199 
191 

38 
74 

79 


73 
30 
31 
12 

122 
116 

23 
37 

56 


102 
77 
23 
2 

61 

59 

13 
26 

20 


.S9 


Pure .stock 


62 


Mixed stock (two stocks). 
Stock in part imkno'wn . . . 


7 
15 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 


15 
2 


Halfwhite, half Indian. 

More than one-half 

white 


10 
3 


Nepro and Indian 

Le.ss than one -half 














Half Nepro, half Indian. 
Negro, white, and Indian. 
Other races and Indian 












1 
2 










8 
2 


6 


2 
1 




Blood not reported 


1 














315 


160 


76 


62 


20 


165 


90 


47 


18 






Full blood 


63 
31 

20 

2 

261 
18 
122 
121 

1 


26 
IS 
6 

1 

135 
6 
74 
55 


9 
8 
1 

67 

1 

33 

33 


10 
6 
3 

1 

52 

6 

28 

19 


6 
3 
2 

'"is 
2 


28 
13 
14 

1 

126 
12 
48 
66 

1 


7 
2 
4 

1 

83 

7 

28 

4S 


11 

7 
4 


in 


Full tribal 


4 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 
Tribal blood of one par- 


6 


Mixed blood (white and 


36 

6 
16 
15 


7 


Le.ss than one-half wliite. 
Half white, half Indian . . . 
More thanone-halfwhite. 

Blood not reported 


■■■■4 

3 

1 



' Totals include persons of unknown age. 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



131 



INDIANS IN EACH STOCK AND TRIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 

PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



Table 3 1 — Continued. 



TRIBE AND MIXTURE OF 
BLOOD. 



noth 

sexes. 


MALE. 


FEMALE. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
50 
yrs. 


51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 

yrs. 


20 
to 
60 

yrs. 


51 
yrs 
and 
over. 



CHINOOKAN STOCK— Continued. 





40 


17 


11 


4 


2 


23 


11 


7 


5 






Full blood 


23 
11 
12 
3 
9 

17 
11 
5 

1 

26 


10 

17 


6 
1 
5 


2 
2 


2 
1 
1 
1 


13 
7 
6 
2 
4 

10 
6 
4 


4 

4 

4 

7 
6 
1 


5 
3 
2 
2 


4 


Fiill tribal 


4 










Three or more tribes . . . 
Mixed blood (white and 


5 

5 
5 

12 






2 




2 


1 


Less than one-half white. 
Half white, half Indian. . . 
More than one^half white. 




1 

1 

4 




2 


1 


1 


9 


2 


5 


2 






Full blood 


8 
2 
5 

1 

IS 
3 
4 

11 

242 


2 

2 




3 
1 
2 


1 
1 


4 




2 


2 


Full tribnl 




Mixed tribal (two tribes) . 
Tribal blood of one par- 


3 

1 

5 
1 
3 

1 

115 


2 

1 
1 

47 


1 

1 

3 


2 


Mixed blood (white and 


13 
2 

1 
10 

127 


12 
2 

1 
9 

60 


1 







Less than one-half white . . 








2 
1 

39 




More than one-half white. 
Wasco 


1 
45 


22 




28 






Full blood 


159 
95 
64 
54 
10 

8.3 
82 

27 
30 

25 

1 

274 


75 
40 
35 
29 
6 

52 
51 

11 
22 

18 

1 

138 


29 
11 
18 
12 
6 

31 
31 

7 
11 

13 


29 
16 
13 
13 


17 
13 
4 
4 


84 
55 
29 
25 
4 

31 
31 

16 
8 

7 


32 
12 
20 
16 
4 

15 
15 

9 
2 

4 


29 
23 
6 
6 


23 




20 




3 




3 


Three or more tribes. . . 




16 
16 

4 
7 

5 


5 
4 

"i 

25 


10 
10 

6 
2 

3 


5 


White and Indian 

Less than one -half 


5 
2 


Half white, half Indian. 

More than one -half 

\f hite 


3 


NegrOj white, and Indian . 

WiSHRAM 




58 


55 


136 


45 


66 


22 






Full blood 


216 

154 

66 

51 

5 

6 

57 
38 

4 
22 

12 
3 

2 
1 

1 

15 

1 


108 
76 
29 
25 
4 

3 

30 

19 

1 
11 

7 
3 

2 
1 

1 

7 


46 
23 
21 
17 
4 

2 

12 

7 

2 

5 

1 

1 
4 


40 

33 

6 

6 


22 

20 

2 

2 


108 
78 
27 
26 

1 

3 

27 
19 

3 

11 

5 


30 
12 
15 
15 

3 

15 
9 

5 

4 


55 
43 
12 
11 
1 


20 


Full tribal 


20 






Two tribes 








Tribal blood of one par- 


1 

15 
11 

1 
8 

2 
2 

1 
1 
1 

1 


3 

1 

..... 






10 
8 

3 

4 

1 


2 


White and Indian 

Less than one - hall 


2 


Half white, half Indian . 
More than one - half 


2 


Nci;ro and Indian 

Less than one- half 














Half Nepro. half Indian . 
Negro, white.and Indian. 
Other races and Indian 

(Polvnesian) 






















2 


8 

1 


e 


2 
1 




Blood not reported 















CHITIMACHAN' STOCK. 



Total 


69 


37 


29 


6 


2 


32 


14 


15 


3 


Full blood (full tribal) 


10 

59 
52 

7 
15 

30 


4 

33 
31 

4 
9 

18 
2 


1 

28 
26 

4 

8 

14 
2 


1 

5 
5 


2 


6 

26 
21 

3 

6 

12 
5 


14 
9 

2 

7 
5 


6 

9 
9 

3 
2 

4 


3 


White and Indian 

Less than one -half 


3 


Half white, half Indian. 

More than one-half 

white 


1 
4 




2 

1 


Xegro, white, and Indian. 













TRIBE AND MIXTURE OF 
BLOOIl. 



Both 

sexes. 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



51 

yrs. 
and 
over. 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 

yrs. 



20 
to 
50 
yrs. 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



CHTTMA8HAN STOCK. 



Total 


38 


20 


8 


9 


3 


18 


9 


5 


« 






Full blood (pure stock) 

Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 


31 
2 

23 
5 

1 


3 

17 


8 


1 
8 


2 

1 


4 

14 
2 

10 
2 






4 


9 
2 
5 
2 


5 








Half white, half Indian .. . 


13 
3 

1 


4 
3 

1 


8 


1 


5 




Unknown proportions 
(" Mexican'' mixture) . . 























San Luis Obispo 


1 


1 




1 




















FuU blood (full tribal) 


1 

2 


1 
1 




1 












1 


1 


1 
















Full blood (full tribal) 

Mixed blood (half white, 


1 

1 

35 


1 






1 














1 

17 


1 

8 






Santa Ynez 


18 


8 


8 


2 


6 


4 


Full blood (full tribal) 

Mixed blood (white and 


5 

30 
2 

22 
5 

1 


1 
17 






1 
1 


4 

13 
2 
9 
2 






4 


8 


8 


8 
2 
4 
2 


5 








Half white, half Indian. . . 

More than one-half white . 

Unknown proportions 

(" Mexican" mixture). . 


13 
3 

1 


4 
3 

1 


8 


1 


5 



























COSTANOAN STOCK. 



Total 


17 


g 


4 


2 


2 


9 


6 


1 


2 






Full blood (full tribal) 


4 

5 

4 
1 

8 


3 

3 






1 

1 
1 


3 
2 

1 

1 

4 


2 

2 

1 

1 

2 




1 


1 
1 


1 
I 




White and Indian (less 

than one-half white) . , . 

Negro, white, and Indian. 










4 


3 


1 




1 


1 







CROAT AN GROtrP. 



Total 


0,865 


2,913 


1,643 


968 


298 


2,952 


1,650 


1,054 


246 






Full blood 


458 

457 

1 

5,372 
4,668 

2.540 
1.856 

272 
190 

162 
6 

19 

3 

494 

4 
16 

35 


222 

221 

1 

2,674 
2,306 

1,276 
898 

132 
103 

89 
3 

9 

2 

253 

2 
10 

17 


127 
126 

1 

1.505 
1,298 

737 
488 

73 
51 

47 

4 

■"149 

2 
6 

11 


72 
72 


20 
20 


236 
236 


130 
130 


88 
88 


17 


Full tribal 


17 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). . 




892 

776 

413 

317 

46 
40 

33 
1 

4 

2 
72 


276 
232 

126 
93 

13 
12 

9 
2 

1 

""si 


2.698 
2,362 

1,264 
958 

140 

87 

73 
3 

10 

1 

241 

2 
6 

18 


1,511 
1,314 

713 
517 

84 
43 

36 
2 

5 

■"i49 

2 
3 

9 


960 

847 

443 

360 

44 
33 

27 

1 

4 
1 

78 


226 


White and Indian 

Less than one -half 


200 
107 


Half white, half Indian . 
More than one -half 


81 
12 


Negro and Indian 

Less than one -half 
Negro 


11 
10 


Half Negro, half Indian . 
More than one - half 


1 


Unknown proportions. 
Negro, wh ite, and Indian . 
Either while or Negro 


'ii 


Mixture unknown 


4 
4 


1 

2 


2 
6 


1 

3 







I Totals include persons of unknown age. 



132 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



INDIANS IN EACH STOCK AND TRIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEN IND AftP 

PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910-Contmued. ^^ 



Table 5 1— Continued. 



TRIBE AND MIXTURE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 

sexes. 



To- 
tal.! 



Un- 
der 
20 

yrs. 



20 
to 
50 
yrs. 



51 

yrs. 
and 
over. 



To- 
tal.! 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



20 
to 
50 
yrs. 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



ESKIMAtTAN STOCK. 



Total 

Full blood (pure stock). .. 

Mixed blood (white and 

Indian) 

Less than one-half white 
Halfwhite, halflndian. 
More than one-halfwhlte 

.\LEUT 

Full blood (fulltribal) 

Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 

Less than one-lialf white.. 
Half white, half Indian... 
More than one-half white. 

Malemhit 

Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 



56 



40 



11 



10 



28 



HAIDAN STOCK. 



Total 


31 


22 


IT 


3 


2 


9 


C 


2 


1 




Full blood (full tribal) 

Mixed blood (white and 


11 

20 
2 

12 
6 


7 

15 
2 
9 
4 


4 

13 
2 

7 
4 


2 
1 


1 

1 


4 
5 


2 
4 


! 
1 


1 


Less than one-half white . 




Halfwhite, halflndian... 
More than one-half white. 


1 


1 


3 
2 


2 
2 


1 
















IROQTJOIAN STOCK. 



Total. 



Full blood 

I'ure stock 

Mixed stock (two stocks). 
Stock in part unknown. . 



Mixed blood 

White and Indian 

■Less than one-half 

white 

Half white, half Indi.an . 
More than one -hall 

white 

Unknown proportions, 
and "Mexican" 

mixture 

Negro and Indian 

Less than one- half 

Necro 

Half Negro, half Indian. 
More than one - half 

Negro 

Nogro,white, and Indian.. 
Either white or Negro 

and Indi.in 

Mixture unknown 



39, 679! 



Blood not reported . 



Cavtjga . 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

Mixed tribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes. . . 



Mixed blood 

While and Indian. 
Le,s.s than one 

white 

Half while, half Indian. 
More than one -half 

white 

Mixture unknown 



11,9361 

u.ois; 

1-83 
135 

27, 1431 
26, 102 

2. 1371 
3,S35| 

19,994 



136 
305 



190 
267 



287 
182 



COO 



20, 339 



-half 



Blood not reported . 



6, 143. 

5,979 

105 

59 

13,917 

13,3S2| 

l,10l' 
1,999 

10,207 



75 
164 



32 



104 
125 



151 
95 



31 



11,717 



2,739 

2, 635 

56 

48 



6,759 



2,517 

2,466 

41 

10 



1, 844 4, 139 
1,582 3,926 



59,S 
978 



6,952 



134 



395 
766 



2,748 



74 
40 



103 



91 
858 



106 
250 



11 20 10 



19,340 



5,793 

5,639 

78 

76 

13,22b! 
12, 720, 

l,03nl 
1,836 

9,787 



61 
141 



136 

87 



11,324 



2,652 

2,549 

43 

60 



6, 396 



2,358 

2,315 

29 

14 



8, 504 3. 926 
8, 228:3, 747 

590! 365 
898 708 



6,693 



2, 664 426 



52 
101 



168 



20 



1,601 



779 

771 

6 

2 

789 
738 

81 
227 



33 



TRIBE AITD MIXTURE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 
sexes. 



To- 
tal.! 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



To- 
tal.! 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over 



IROQUOIAN STOCK— Continued. 



Cherokee 



L 



Full blood 

Fulltribal 

Mixed tribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes . . . 
Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unknown , 



-half 



Mixed blood 

White and Indian . 
Less than one 

white 

Half white, half Indian 
More than one -half 

white 

Unknown proportions, 
and " Mexican "mix- 
ture 

Negro and Indian 

Less than one -hall 

Negro 

Half Negro, half Indian. 
More than one - half 

Negro 

Negro .white, and Indian.. 
Either white or Negro 

and Indian 

Mixture unknown 

Blood not reported 



Cherokee 
Jioma) 



(Ofcto- 



FuU blood 

Fulltribal 

Mixed tribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes . . 
Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unknown 



6,900 

6,785 

95 

94 

1 

2r 

24, 320 
23,510 

i,7nr 

2,29^ 
19,384 



130 
299 



190 
166 



28.5 
70 

280 



29. 010 



i,Bin 



Mixed blood 

White and Indian 

Less than one -half 

white 

Half white, half Indian. 
More than one -half 

white 

Unknown proportions, 
and " Mexican "mix- 
ture 

Negro and Indian 

Less than one - half 

Negro 

Half Negro, half Indian. 
More than one - half 

Negro 

Negro, white, and In- 
dian 

Either white or Negro 

and Indian 

Mixture unknown 

Blood not reported 



Cherokee (JVortft 
Carolina) 



Full blood 

Fulltribal 

Mixed tribal (two tribes) 

MLxed blood 

White and Indian 

Less than one -half 

white 

Halfwhite, half Indian . 
More than one -half 

white 

Negro and Indian 

Less than one -half 

Negro 

Half Negro, half Indian.. 
Negro.white, and Indian.. 

Blood not reported 

Mohawk 



5. 82' 

72 

71 

1 

20 
23,440 
22, 72: 

1.429 
2,172 

18,99' 



124 
27,S 

40 
53 

176 

80 

2S4 
70 

251 
1,406 



.105 



12.426' 
12,0U5 



867 
1,193 



74 
161 

25! 
321 

104,' 
74j 

149' 
37| 



15,083 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

Mixed tribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes.. 

Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unkllo^^'n 



934 
920 
14 
469 
429 

192 



198 
2 

1 
1 

38 
3 

368 



3,024 
2,970 

44; 

43 

1 

10 

11,939, 
11,566 

718 
1,114' 

9,664 



70 
147 

23 
30 

94 

40 

149 
37 

120 



496 

489 

7 

264 

246 

100 
25 

115 
2 

1 

• 1 

16 

1 



9,727 



1,607 

1, 567 

33 

32 



8.04S 
7,834 

462 
573 

6,746 



53 



63 



I 
0,131 1,229 



3,617 
3,453 

325 

458 

2,652 



472 

471 

1 

1 



15,3,84 



3,34^ 

3,298 

37 

37 



746 
704 



78 
158 



465 



17 



9, 226 4, 74611,093 



1,387 1.255 
1,3571,232, 



20, 
20, 



10 

11,903 
11,505 

835 
1,101 

9,513 



S6 
138 

26 
26 

86 
91 

136 
33 
136 



14,527 



7,769 3,4)4! 701 
7, .580 3, 309 603 



382i 268' 66 



6,008 2,598 



2,895 

2,85' 

28 

28 






9,3014,937 



1,4681,414 
1,449 1,38£ 



7, 762 3, 469 
7,553 3,322 

476' 295 
512 439 

6,523 2,578 



1,13S 



4 

457 

2 

2 



42 

78. 



58 



365 



209 
202 



1.55 
145 



284 



197 
197 



112 



11,501 
11,156 

711 
1,058 

9,333 



.54 
131 



135 
33 

131 
645 



8,866 



1.29- 

1,284 

10 

10 



1,222 

1,200 

16 

16 



li67 
025 



64 
149 



403 



25 
1 



1,025 

374 

371 

2 

2 



7,4993.3.57 
7,322 3,227 



84 68 



1* 

7 
5! 
5, 



438 
431 

7 

205 
183 

86 
14 



393 

495 



;,394 



2 
190 



1 

640 

602 



266 .52 
419 143 

2,532 403 



315 232 97 



169 

164 

■5 

145 
130 

62 
6 

62 



24 
1 



182 

180 

2 

49 

? 
^6 



86 
86 



n 
10 



' Totals include persons of unknown age. 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



133 



INDIANS IN EACH STOCK AND TRIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 

PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



Table 51— Continued. 


Both 
se.xes. 


MALE. 


FEMALE. 


TRIBE AND MIXTURE OF 
BLOOD. 


Both 
sexes. 


MALE. 




FEMALE. 




TRIBE AND MIXTURE OF 
BLOOD. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 

yrs. 


20 
to 
50 
yrs. 


51 
yrs 
and 
over. 


To- 
tal.! 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
50 
yrs. 


51 
yrs^, 
and 
over. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
50 
yrs. 


51 
yrs 
and 
over. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
50 
yrs. 


51 
yrs 
and 
over. 


IROQtroiAN STOCK— Continued. 






IROQUOIAN STOCK— Continued. 








Mohawk— Contd. 


304 
293 

U 
252 

27 
8 

2 

1 

1 
2,436 


14f 
138 

9 
107 

22 

5 

2 
1 

1 

1,276 


09 
64 

2 
52 

10 

4 

1 

1 
590 


55 
52 

2 
43 

1 

1 
1 


22 
22 

5 
12 

5 


158 

155 

6 
145 

6 
3 


60 

58 

3 
54 

1 
2 


78 
77 

2 
72 

3 

1 


19 
19 

'""is 

1 




1,219 


643 


324 


242 


77 


576 


340 


185 


50 




Full blood . . 


Mixed blood 


133 

94 
39 
27 
12 

1,086 
1,006 

44 
848 

107 
6 

2 
79 

2,907 


48 
37 
11 
I 

695 
652 

26 
470 

65 
1 

2 

41 

1,478 


25 
17 
8 
6 
2 

299 
280 

13 
229 

37 

1 

""ig 

678 


19 
16 
3 
3 


4 
4 


85 
57 
28 
18 
10 

491 
453 

18 
378 

62 
5 


58 
37 
21 
13 
8 

282 
. 250 

5 
204 

36 
5 


20 

16 

5 

3 

2 

165 
161 

11 
136 

14 


7 

5 

2 

■ 2 




Full tribal 


Less than one-half 


MLxed tribal 


white 




Half white, half Indian. 


Three or more tribes .. . 
MLxed blood .... 


More than one-half 
white 


223 
207 

11 
183 

13 


73 
65 

2 

58 

5 


43 

41 

2 
37 

2 


Negro.white, and Indian.. 
Either white or Negro 

nnfl TnHifin 


White and Indian 

Less than one-halt 
white 


Mixture unknown 












Halfwhite, half IndLin. 
More than one-half 
white... 


Blood not reported 














501 


183 


1,160 


578 


439 


143 


Unkno^vn proportions. 
Negro and Indian (less 

than one-half Negro).. 
Negro,white,and Indian . 




2 

14 

667 












Full blood 


2,098 

1,904 

184 

174 

10 

10 

333 
312 

107 
■ 103 

102 

1 
8 
12 

5 
2,107 


1,102 
986 
108 
101 

7 

'8 

172 
162 

52 
55 

55 


482 
416 
.58 
53 
6 


44S 
413 
35 
33 
2 


170 
155 
15 
15 


986 

918 

76 

73 

3 

2 

161 
150 

55 

48 

47 

1 
5 
5 

3 

998 


488 
446 
41 
39 
2 

1 

90 
83 

32 
24 

27 


381 

354 

26 

25 

1 

1 

55 
53 

20 
19 

14 


127 

118 

9 

9 

10 
14 

3 

5 


1 


8 
220 


38 
1,429 


32 

698 


4 
536 


2 


Full tribal 










190 




Full blood 


Three or more tribes. .. 
Tribal blood of one par- 


2,022 

1,73S 

271 

253 

18 

13 

572 
479 

163 
208 

108 
2 

1 

1 

2 

89 

313 

2,485 


1,043 

892 

145 

136 

9 

6 

291 
241 

84 
106 

61 

1 

1 


466 

383 

77 

69 

8 

5 

157 
136 

53 
63 

30 


403 

355 

48 

47 

1 


166 

149 

17 

17 


979 
846 
126 
117 
9 

7 

281 
238 

79 
102 

57 

1 


449 

378 

67 

59 

8 

4 

169 
143 

48 
63 

32 
1 


388 

343 

43 

42 

1 

2 

96 
73 

25 
28 

20 


142 
125 


Full tribal 




107 
104 

34 
34 

36 


52 
45 

15 

14 

10 


13 
13 

3 


MLxed tribal 


16 
16 








Three or more tribes. . . 
Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unknown 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 


1 


Half white, half Indian . 


MLxed blood 


104 

84 

26 
42 

17 
1 

1 


29 
20 

6 
10 

4 


26 
22 




White and Indian 

Less than one-half 


Negro and Indian (less 


6 




Halfwhite.halflndian . 

More than one-half 

white 


Negro.white, and Indian.. 


3 

7 

2 

1,109 


2 

1 

1 
610 


1 
6 

1 
438 


159 


5 
2 

517 




11 


Mixture unlalo^vn 


2 
3 

366 


1 
115 


5 


Blood not reported 


Negro and Indian 

Less than one-half 






Oneida (Wisconsin).. 


Half Negro, half Indian . 
Negro, white, and Indian . 
Mixture unknou-n 

Blood not reported 

Seneca {New York). . 
Full blood 




1 


1 








2 

47 

144 
1,266 


1 
20 

66 
550 


""ig 

60 
495 


1 
8 

25 

208 






Full blood 


1,834 

1,760 

85 

82 

3 

9 

248 
227 

78 
75 

74 

1 
8 
12 

5 
211 


976 

918 

50 

48 

2 

7 

132 
122 

42 
41 

39 


428 

392 

29 

2S 

1 

7 

81 
78 

27 
28 

23 


397 
382 

15 
14 

1 


148 

142 
6 
6 


879 
842 
35 
34 

1 

2 

116 
105 

36 
34 

35 

1 
5 
5 

3 

98 


444 
418 
25 
26 

1 

73 
66 

27 
18 

21 


329 
321 

7 
6 

1 

1 

34 
32 

7 
14 

11 


106 

103 

3 

3 

9 
7 

2 
2 

3 

1 


42 
169 

1,219 


15 

90 

580 


23 

51 

463 


..... 


Full tribal 




22 




Three or more tribes . . . 
Tribal blood of one par- 


170 




40 
33 

13 

7 

13 


11 
11 

2 
6 

3 


1,868 

1,582 

263 

245 

18 

13 

314 
221 

108 

59 

54 
2 

1 

1 

2 

89 

313 
215 


959 
810 
143 
134 
9 

6 

163 
113 

54 

32 

27 

1 

1 


412 

330 

77 

69 

8 

5 

82 
61 

32 

14 
16 


376 

330 

46 

45 

1 


162 

145 

17 

17 


899 
772 
120 
111 
9 

7 

151 

108 

64 

27 

27 
1 


409 
340 
65 
57 
8 

4 

81 
65 

37 

12 

16 
1 


360 

317 

41 

40 

1 

2 

52 
29 

12 

10 

7 


130 

115 

14 


Mixed blood 


Full tribal. 










white 


Three or more tribes .. . 
Tribal blood of one par- 




Halfwhite, half Indian. 


1 


white 


Mixed blood 


69 
39 

17 

13 

9 

1 

1 


21 

12 

5 
4 
3 


Ne^o and Indian (less 


18 




White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white. 




Negro, white, and Indian. 


3 

7 

2 
113 


2 
1 

1 

48 


1 

6 

1 
42 


23 


5 
2 

34 






2 
3 

41 


1 
23 


5 
5 


Blood not reported 


Half white, half In- 
dian 


More than one-half 
white 


Oneida {New York) . . 


Negro and Indian 

Less than one-half 
Negro 




Full blood 


188 
89 
98 
91 

7 

1 

23 

5 
14 
4 

365 


100 
42 
57 
52 
5 

1 

13 
3 
7 
3 

183 


41 
11 
29 
25 
4 

1 

7 
2 
3 
2 

83 


38 
19 
19 
18 

1 


21, 

12j 

1 


88 
47 
41 
39 
2 


31 
16 
16 
14 
2 


36 
17 
19 
19 


21 

15 
6 
6 






Full tribal 




MLxed tribal 


Netrro, white, and Indian. 
MLxture unknown 

Blood not reported 

Seneca (OWa/ioma).. 
Full blood 


2 

47 

144 
99 


i 

20 
56 

61 


""ig 

60 
33 


""'"i 

8 
26 

5 




1 








42 
169 

116 


15 
90 

59 


23 

51 

43 


4 


Tribal blood of one par- 






22 


MLxed blood (white and 


4 
..... 

1 
80 


2 

1 
1 

19 


10 
2 

7 
1 

182 


3 
3 

96 


5 

1 
3 

1 

67 


2 

1 
1 

18 




Less than one-half white. 


14 


Halt white, half Indian... 


70 
63 

7 

145 
45 
60 
40 

400 


28 
26 
2 

71 
24 
30 
17 

214 


13 
13 

48 
16 
21 
11 

92 


12 
10 
2 

21 

7 
8 
6 

88 


3 
3 

2 

1 
1 

34 


42 
37 
6 

74 
21 
30 
23 

186 


15 
13 
2 

44 
10 
23 

11 

96 


17 
15 
2 

26 
10 
5 
11 

60 


10 


More than one-half white. 


Full tribal 




Onondaga 


MLxed tribal (two tribes) . 
MLxed blood (white and 


1 


Full blood 


299 
135 
164 
134 
30 

64 
62 

23 
34 

5 
2 

2 


141 
70 
71 
63 
8 

41 
41 

19 
18 

4 


56 
19 
37 
31 
6 

26 
26 

14 
12 


69 
41 
28 
26 
2 

11 
11 

4 
4 

3 


16 
10 

t 

3 
3 

1 
1 

1 


158 
65 
93 
71 
22 

23 
21 

4 

16 

1 
2 

1 


82 
18 
64 
43 
21 

14 
13 

4 

8 

1 
1 


61 
36 
25 
24 

1 

5 
4 


14 

10 
4 
4 

4 
4 




Full tribal 


Less than one-half white.. 
Half white, half Indian.. 
More than one-half white . 


1 




2 






Three or more tribes 

MLxed blood 






28 


Less than one-half 


Full blood 




305 
218 
86 
83 
3 

1 


164 
110 
53 
51 
2 

1 


' 69 
32 
37 
35 
2 


67 
55 
11 
11 


28 
23 
5 
5 


141 
108 
S3 
32 

1 

1 


63 
43 
20 

19 

1 


54 
45 
9 
9 


24 


Halfwhite.halflndian . 


4 


4 


Full tribal 


20 




Mixed tribal 


4 


white 


Two tribes 


4 




1 
1 




Three or more tribes .. . 
Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unkno^vn 




Blood not reported 


1 


1 






1 









1 Totals include persons of unkno"WTi age. 



134 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



INDIANS IN EACH STOCK AND TRIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 

PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



Table 51 — Continued. 



TBIBE AND MUCTUEE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 
sexes. 


MALE. 


FEMALE. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
50 
yrs. 


51 
yrs 
and 
over. 


To- 
tal.! 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
60 
yrs. 



yrs, 
and 



IROQUOIAN STOCK— Continued. 



TusCAEORA— Contd. 
Mixed blood 


83 

77 

40 
28 

9 
6 

12 
353 


47 
45 

21 

18 

6 
2 

3 
198 


21 
21 

10 

8 

3 

2 

118 


21 
19 

7 
9 

3 
2 

52 


5 
5 

4 

1 



1 
28 


3« 
32 

19 
10 

3 
4 

9 
155 


27 
23 

12 
8 

3 

4 

6 
90 


5 
5 

4 

1 


4 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 


4 
3 


■Half white, half Indian. 
More than one-half 


1 


MLxture unlmown 

Blood not reported 

Wyandot 






1 
55 


10 


Full blood 


34 
12 

22 

318 

317 

31 

44 

242 

1 
1 


18 
7 
11 

179 
179 

16 
25 

138 


9 

9 

109 
109 

7 
13 

89 


4 
2 
2 

47 
47 

3 
9 

35 


23 
23 

6 
3 

14 


16 
5 
11 

139 

138 

15 
19 

104 
1 


8 

8 

82 
82 

6 
10 

66 


7 
4 
3 

48 
47 

6 
7 

34 

1 


1 


Full tribal 


1 


Mi.\ed tribal (tn-o tribes). 


9 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 


9 
3 


Halfwhite, half Indian. 
More than one-half 


2 
4 


Ncgro,white, and Indian. 
Blood not reported 




1 




1 










J 







KALAPOOIAN STOCK. 



Total 


106 


47 


18 


20 


9 


59 


28 


16 


15 


Full blood 


81 
58 
18 
5 

25 
24 

9 

7 

5 
3 
1 


38 
26 
9 
3 

9 
9 

2 

4 

1 
2 


12 
5 
6 

1 

6 
6 

2 
2 

1 
1 


17 
13 
3 
1 

3 
3 


9 
8 

""i 


43 
32 
9 
2 

16 
15 

7 
3 

4 
1 
1 


18 
10 
6 
2 

10 
9 

4 

1 

3 
1 

1 


12 

10 

2 


13 




12 


MLxed stock (two stocks). 
Stock in part unknown.. 

Mixed blood 


1 


4 

4 

2 

1 

1 


2 


While and Indian 

Less than one-half 


2 

1 


Halfwhite, half Indian 
More than one-half 


2 




1 


Unknown proportions. 
Negro, white, and Indian. 


1 










K ALAPOOU 


5 


3 




1 


2 


2 




1 


1 


Full blood: 


4 

1 
8 


2 

1 
2 




1 


1 

1 


2 




1 


1 


Tribal blood of one par- 






1 


1 


6 


3 


2 


1 






Full blood 


6 
1 

5 
1 
4 

2 
24 


2 


1 


1 




4 
1 
3 
1 
2 

2 
12 


3 




1 




1 




2 


1 


1 




3 

1 
2 

9 












Three or more tribes . . . 
Mixed blood (less than one- 


2 


1 


1 








2 

1 




Mary's River 


12 


7 


4 


1 


^ 


Full blood 


8 
3 

6 

16 
7 
5 
4 

. 9 


5 
2 
3 

7 
2 
4 

1 

5 


2 
2 

5 
2 
2 

1 

2 


2 

1 
1 

2 


1 
1 


3 

1 
2 

9 
S 
1 
3 

4 


1 
1 

8 
4 

1 
3 

2 


1 


1 






MLxod tribal (two tribes) 
MUed blood (white and 


1 


1 
1 


Less than one-half white. 
Half white, half Indian. . . 
More than one-half white. 

Santum 


1 


2 










3 




1 


1 


Full blood 


7 
3 
4 

2 

1 
1 

44 


5 
2 
3 


2 
2 


3 
2 
1 


;:!" 


2 

1 
1 
2 

1 
1 

27 


1 




1 




1 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 


1 

1 

i 

10 






1 
1 




White and Indian (half 

white, hall Indian) 

Negro, white, and Indian. 






















17 


6 


7 


4 


10 


7 






Full blood 


40 
39 

1 

4 

1 
3 


15 


5 

5 


6 
6 


4 
4 


25 
24 

1 

2 

1 
1 


9 
9 

1 

i 


9 

8 

1 

1 

1 


7 


Full tribal 


V 


MLxed tribal (two tribes). 
Mixed blood (white and 




2 


1 


1 






More than one-half white. 
Unknown proportions... 




2 


1 


1 








TKIBE AND MLXTtJKE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 

sexes. 



To- 
tal.! 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



20 
to 
50 
yrs. 



51 
yrs, 
and 
over. 



To- 
tal," 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



20 
to 
50 

yrs. 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



K.4L..4.POOI.4.:V STOCK— Continued. 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

Mixed tribal (two tribes). 

MLxed blood (hall white, 
half Indian) 



YONKALLA . 



Full blood: 
Full tribal 

MLxed tribal (two tribes). 



KABOK STOCK. 



Total 


775 


388 


194 


149 


44 


387' 


185 


142 


60 






Full blood 


364 
334 
30 

411 
401 

84 
252 

65 

2 
8 


166 
152 
14 

222 
218 

50 
137 

31 

1 
3 


61 

52 

9 

133 
130 

41 
61 

28 
3 


65 

61 

4 

84 
83 

9 
71 

3 

1 


39 
38 

1 

5 
5 


198 
182 
16 

189 
183 

34 
115 

34 

1 
5 


60 
49 
11 

125 
120 

30 

58 

32 
5 


82 
77 
5 

60 
59 

4 
53 

2 

1 


56 


Full tribal 


56 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 


4 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white 


4 


Half white, half Indian . 

More than one-half 

white 


4 


Negro and Indian (half 

Negro, half Indian) 

Negro, white, and Indian. 













KERESAN STOCK. 



Total 


4,027 


2,126 


991 


869 


266 


1,901 


945 


747 


20s 






Full blood 


3,976 

3,932 

43 

1 

33 

27 

5 
14 

2 

6 
6 
IS 


2,105 

2,077 

27 

1 

15 
11 

2 
8 


979 

960 

18 

1 

12 
9 

1 
7 


862 

858 

4 


264 

259 

5 


1,871 

1,855 

16 


923 

914 

9 


741 

735 

6 


206 




205 


Mixed stock (two stocks). 
Stock in part unknown . . 

Mixed blood 


1 


2 
1 

1 


1 
1 

..... 


IS 
16 

3 
6 

2 

5 
2 
12 


14 
13 

3 

5 

5 
1 
S 


3 

2 


1 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 


1 


Half white,half Indian. 
More than one-half 


2 


1 


Unknown proportions 
("Mexican" mix- 


1 
4 



1 
3 








Either white or Negro 


1 

6 

1.32 


1 

48 


1 
3 




Blood not reported 


1 


ACOMA 


691 


347 


167 


344 


155 


141 


48 






Full blood 


686 
685 

1 

5 
237 


345 
345 


165 
165 


132 
132 


4S 
48 


341 

340 

1 

3 

106 


152 

151 

1 

3 

49 


141 
141 


48 


Full tribal 


48 


MLxed tribal (two tribes) . 
Mixed blood (halfwhite. 




2 
131 


2 
54 












63 


14 


46 


11 






Full blood: 


235 
2 

1,472 


129 
2 

756 


54 


63 


12 
2 

95 


106 


49 


46 


11 


Mixed tribal (two tribes) . 




372 


289 


716 


374 


252 


90 








1,427 

1,396 

31 

21 

s 

6 
1) 
IS 


73S 

722 

16 

12 

8 

2 
5 


362 

3.50 

12 

10 

7 

1 
5 


2S2 

279 

3 

2 

1 

1 


94 

93 

1 


6S9 

674 

15 

15 
13 

3 
3 

2 

5 
2 
12 


355 

346 

9 

11 
10 

3 

2 

5 
1 
8 


246 
241 

5 

3 

2 


88 


Full tribal 


87 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 
Mixed blood 


1 

1 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 


1 


Halfwhite, half Indian . 
More than one-half 


2 


1 








Unknown proportions 
("Mexican" mix- 


1 
4 
6 


1 
3 








Either white or Nejjro 


1 
5 


1 


1 
3 




Blood not reported 


1 



» Totals include persons of unknown age. 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



135 



INDIANS IN EACH STOCK AND TRIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 

PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



Table 61— Continued. 



TBIBE AND MIXTDRE OF 
BLOOD. 





. 














Both 




MALE. 




FEMALE. 




Un- 


20 


51 




Un- 


20 




To- 


der 


to 


yrs. 


To- 


der 


to 




tal.' 


20 


50 


and 


tal.' 


20 


50 






yrs. 


yrs. 


over. 




yrs. 


yrs. 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



TKIDEAND MIXTURE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 
sexes. 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



To. 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



20 
to 
50 
yrs. 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



KERE8AN STOCK— Continued. 





490 


272 


104 


131 


37 


218 


109 


75 


33 






Full blood 


489 

487 

2 

1 

211 


271 

269 

2 

1 

125 


104 

102 

2 


131 
131 


36 
36 


218 
218 


109 
109 


76 
75 


33 




33 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 

Mixed blood (half white, 
half Indian) 






1 
22 










Santa Ana 


45 


58 


86 


41 


42 


3 






Full blood: 


206 
5 

817 


123 
2 

434 


44 

1 

217 


58 
176 


21 
1 

41 


83 
3 

383 


39 

2 

198 


41 
1 

168 


3 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 
Santo Domingo 


17 


FuU blood: 


811 
6 

109 


431 
3 

61 


214 
3 

32 


176 


41 


380 
3 

48 


195 
3 

19 


168 


17 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 




SlA.... 


20 


9 


23 


6 






FuU blood: 
Full tribal 


98 
11 
10 
1 


52 
9 

8 

1 


28 
4 
3 

1 


17 
3 
3 


7 
I 


46 
2 
2 


18 
1 

1 


22 
1 

1 


6 


Mixed tribal 




Two tribes 























KIOWAN STOCK. 



Total 


1,126 


536 


305 


168 


61 


590 


329 


193 


66 






Full blood 


818 

766 

48 

39 

9 

4 

296 
103 
39 

1 

153 
12 


373 

353 

20 

17 

3 


189 

175 

14 

12 

2 


128 
124 

\ 


54 
53 

\ 


445 

413 

28 

22 

6 

4 

137 
44 

18 


215 

193 

19 

13 

6 

3 

109 
37 

12 


170 

163 

6 

6 


60 


Full tribal 


57 


Mixed tribal 


3 


Two tribes 


3 






Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unknown 


1 

22 
7 
6 




Mixed blood (white and 


159 

59 

21 

1 

78 

4 


116 

49 

11 

1 

55 


38 
10 

10 


5 


4 


Less than one-half white 
Halfwhite, half Indian... 
More than one-half white. 




Unknown proportions 
(" Mexican " mixture). . 

Blood not reported . . . 


18 
2 


_5 
2 


75 
8 


60 
5 


9 

1 


4 
2 







KTISAN STOCK. 



Total 


93 


51 


21 


21 


9 


42 


19 


9 


13 






Full blood 


35 
30 
5 
4 

1 

58 
17 
30 
11 


16 
15 

1 
1 




9 

8 
1 
1 


7 
7 


19 
15 
4 
3 

1 

23 
7 

13 
3 


4 
3 

1 


3 
3 


11 










Two tribes 


2 


Three or more tribes. . . 


1 

15 
7 
6 
2 






Mixed blood (white and 


35 
10 
17 

8 


21 
8 
7 
6 


12 
2 
8 
2 


2 
..... 


' 


2 






Half white, half Indian... 
More than one-half white. 


5 
1 


2 



KUTENAIAN STOCK. 



Total 


538 


286 


132 


119 


35 


252 


114 


105 


33 






Full blood 


255 

246 

9 

283 
22 
60 

201 


130 

122 

8 

156 
15 
25 

116 


44 
44 

88 
8 
9 

71 


59 
54 
5 

60 
3 
14 
43 


27 

24 

3 

8 
4 
2 
2 


125 
124 

1 

127 

7 

35 

85 


39 
38 

1 

1 

12 
60 


64 
64 


2'' 


FuU tribal 


00 


Mi.xed tribal (two tribes). 




Mixed blood (white and 

Indian) 


41 

1 

17 

, 23 


11 


Less Ih.'ui one-half white. 
Halfwhite, half Indian... 
More than one-half white. 


3 

6 
2 



LUTITAMIAN- STOCK. 



Total 


978| 


468 


21S 


172 


A 


510 


225 


167 


117 






Full blood . . 


657 

581 

51 

25 

320 
294 

79 
148 

67 
25 

21 

4 
1 

1 


297 

262 

23 

12 

170 
155 

45 

76 

34 
15 

12 
3 


109 
82 
15 
12 

108 
98 

39 
32 

27 
10 

9 

1 


114 

107 

7 


73 

72 

1 


360 

319 

28 

13 

150 
139 

34 

72 

33 
10 

9 
1 

1 


121 
95 
14 
12 

104 
96 

32 
36 

28 
S 

8 


122 

115 

6 

1 

45 
42 

2 
35 

6 
2 

1 
1 

1 


116 


Pure stock 


108 


Mixed stock (two stocks). 
Stock in part unknown... 


8 




58 
S3 

6 
40 

7 
5 

3 
2 


3 
3 

..... 


1 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white 


1 


Halfwhite, half Indian. 

More than one-half 

white 


I 


Negro and Indian 

Less than one-half 




Half Ne^o.half Indian. 
Negro, white , and ludian . 




Blood not reported 


1 
334 


1 
156 










119 


58 




1 


TTt.amattt, , , 


696 


362 


157 


120 


84 






Full blood 


459 

3S0 

79 

68 

11 

236 
210 

63 

98 

49 
25 

21 
4 
1 

1 

282 


209 
170 
39 
34 

5 

124 
109 

37 
50 

22 
15 

12 
3 


78 
• 54 
24 
19 
5 

77 
67 

33 
15 

19 
10 

9 

1 


75 
63 
12 
12 


55 

52 

3 

3 


250 

210 

40 

34 

6 

112 
101 

26 
48 

27 
10 

9 

1 

1 


781 88 
56 7fi 


83 


Full tribal 


77 


Mixed tribal 


22 
17 
5 

79 
71 

26 
22 

23 

8 

8 


12 
11 

1 

32 
29 


Q 




g 


Three or more tribes. 




Mixed blood 


44 
39 

4 
32 

3 
5 

3 
2 


3 
3 

..... 


I 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white 


I 


Half white, half Indian . 
More than one-half 


25 

4 
2 

1 
1 
1 


1 


Negro and Indian 

Less than one-half 




Half Negro, half Indian. 




Blood not reported 


1 
134 


1 

62 








Modoc 


53 


IS 


148 


68 


47 


33 






Full blood 


198 
124 
74 
60 
14 

84 
16 
50 

18 


88 
53 
35 
28 
7 

46 
8 
26 
12 


31 
10 
21 

14 

7 

31 
6 
17 

8 


39 
28 
11 
11 


18 
15 
3 
3 


110 
71 
39 
32 

7 

38 
8 

24 
6 


43 ."^j' ■ .^1 


Full tribal 


15 
28 
21 

7 

25 
6 

14 
5 


27 2q 


Mixed tribal 


7 
7 


4 


Two tribes 


4 


Three or more tribes 




Mixed blood (wliite and 


14 
2 
8 
4 




13 

2 
10 

1 




Less than one-half white . 
Halfwhite, half Indian... 
More than one-half white. 





MAIDU STOCK. 



Total 


1,100 


568 


258 


224 


86 


532 


264 


184 


80 






Full blood 


544 

513 

31 

29 

2 

541 
525 

161 
290 

71 

3 

1 
7 
8 
2 
. 6 

15 


269 

254 

15 

13 

2 

290 
280 

87 
151 

42 


87 

80 

7 

6 

1 

169 
162 

67 
61 

34 


104 

98 

6 

S 

1 

115 
113 

19 
86 

8 


78 
76 
2 
2 


275 

259 

16 

16 


94 

85 

9 

9 


102 
96 
6 
6 


75 


FuU tribal 


74 


Mixed tribal 


1 




1 


Three or more tribes. . . 




Mixed blood 


6 
5 

1 
4 


251 
245 

74 
139 

29 
3 


169 
165 

61 
76 

26 
2 


78 
76 

13 
59 

3 
1 


4 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white 


4 


Halfwhite, half Indian. 
More than one-half 


4 


Unknown proportions 
("Mexican" mix- 
ture) . . 




Negro and Indian (half 
Negro, half Indian) 


1 
6 
3 
1 
2 

9 


5 

2 


1 
1 






Negro, white, and Indian. 
Other races and Indian. . . 


1 


1 
5 

1 

6 


4 

4 

1 


1 
1 
1 




Chinese 


2 

2 






Blood not reported 


' 


2 


4 


1 



I Totals Include persons of unknown age. 



136 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



INDIANS IN EACH STOCK AND TRIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 

PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



Table 61 — Continued. 



TKIBE AND MIXTURE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 
sexes. 



To- 
tal." 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



yrs. 
and 



MIWOK STOCK. 





699 


340 


15. 


142 


44 


359 


162 


127 


69 






Full blood 


343 

314 

19 

10 

355 
354 

87 
169 

76 

22 

1 
1 


163 

146 

10 

7 

177 
176 

45 

85 

41 

6 
1 


51 

43 
4 

4 

100 
100 

33 

29 

34 

4 


74 
66 
6 
2 

68 
67 

11 
48 

7 

1 
1 


37 

36 

..... 

7 
7 

1 
6 


180 

168 

9 

3 

178 
178 

42 
84 

35 
17 


48 

40 

5 

3 

114 
114 

39 
33 

28 
14 


67 
64 
3 


65 




64 


Mixed .stock (two stocks). 
Stock in part unknown. . . 

Mixed blood 


1 


59 
59 

3 
46 

7 
3 


4 


White and Indian 

Less than one-hall 
white 


4 


Half white, half Indian. 
More than one-halt 


4 


Unkno^\■n proportions 
("Mexican" mix- 
lure) 




Nesro and Indian (half 
N'egro, half Indian) 






1 





1 
' 


















22 


14 


4 


7 


3 


8 


6 


1 






Full blood (full tribal) 

Mixed blood (white and 


4 

18 
13 
3 
2 

7 


3 

11 
8 
2 
1 

3 


4 
3 

1 

1 


2 

5 

4 

..... 

1 


1 

2 
1 

1 

• 1 


1 

7 
5 

1 
1 

4 






1 


6 
5 

i 

3 


1 




Lei.-* than one-half white . 
Half white, half Indian. . . 
More than one-half white . 

Middle Town 




1 




1 




Full blood 


4 
2 
2 

3 

1 
1 

1 
670 


1 
1 






1 
1 


3 

1 
2 

1 
1 


2 
2 

1 

1 


1 

1 




Full tribal 








Mixed tribal (two tribes). 
Mixed blood (white and 








2 


1 


1 














Half white, half Indian. . . 

Unknown proportions 

("Mexican" mixture) . 

MlWOK 


1 
1 

323 


1 
146 










1 
134 












40 


347 


153 


125 


68 






Full blood 


335 

308 

22 

17 

5 

5 

334 
333 

73 
165 

74 

21 

1 
1 


159 
142 
13 
10 
3 

4 

164 
163 

37 

82 

40 

4 

1 


51 

43 

7 

4 

3 

1 

95 
95 

30 

27 

34 

4 


72 

64 

6 

6 


35 
34 


176 

166 

9 

7 

2 

1 

170 
170 

36 

83 

34 

17 


46 
40 
5 
3 
2 

1 

107 
107 

33 
33 

27 
14 


66 

63 

3 

3 


(H 




63 




1 




1 






Tribal blood of one par- 


2 

62 
61 

V 
48 

6 


1 

5 
5 

■■■■5 








58 
58 

3 
45 

7 
3 


4 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 


4 


Half white, halt Indian. 

More than one-half 

wliite 


4 


Unknown proportions 
("Mexican" mi.x- 




Negro and Indian (half 
Negro, half Indian) 


1 








1 




1 

















MUSKHOGEAN STOCK, 



Full blood 

l*ure stock 

Mixed stock (two stocks). 
Stock in part unknown. . 

Mixed blood 

White and Indian. 
l.e«s than one^half 

white 

Half white, half Indian 
More than one-half 

white 

Unknown proportions, 

and "Me x i t; a n" 

mixture 

NeRTO and Indian 

Le.s^ than one*half 

NeprQ 

Half Nfltrro, half I ndian . 
More than one^half 

Nep-o 

Unknown proportions. 



29,191 


14,727 


8,584 


1 
5,0411,061 


14,464 


8,417 


5,115 


13,625 

13,506 

85 

34 


6,853 

6,804 

38 

11 


3,215 
3,187 


2,923 

2,906 

14 

3 


680 

676 

3 

1 


6,772 

6,702 

47 

23 


3,143 

3,101 

30 

12 


2,988 

2,965 

14 

9 


15,321 
13,723 


7,743 
6,898 


5,300 
4,769 


2,070 
1,828 


368 
299 


7,578 
6,825 


5,224 
4,762 


2,077 
1,821 


1,648 
2,336 


851 
1,171 


523 
655 


289 
410 


39 
104 


797 
1,165 


521 
651 


238 
422 


9,586 


4,805 


3,538 


1,113 


154 


4,781 


3,630 


1,139 


153 
1,172 


71 
621 


53 
373 


16 
188 


2 
67 


82 
651 


60 
327 


22 
197 


248 
368 


128 
202 


87 
94 


29 

77 


12 
29 


120 
166 


77 
68 


41 
82 


533 
23 


280 
11 


184 
8 


81 

1 


15 

1 


253 

12 


174 

8 


71 
3 



599 

594 

3 

2 

267 
234 

38 
90 



TEIEE AND MIXIURE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 
sexes. 



To- 
tal.! 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



20 
to 
50 
yrs. 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



To- 
tal.! 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



MTTSKHOaEAN STOCK— Continued. 



Total— Continued. 
Mixed blood— Continued. 
NeRTOj wnite, and In- 

riiftn 


352 

59 
15 

245 


190 

26 
8 

131 


137 

15 
6 

69 


45 

8 

1 

48 


8 

3 

1 

13 


162 

33 

7 

114 


111 

18 
6 

50 


45 
14 

50 


5 


Either white or Negro 
and Indian 


1 


Mixture unknown 

Blood not reported 


1 
14 


ALIBAMtr 


298 


144 


74 


56 


14 


154 


85 


56 


13 






Full blood 


288 
287 

1 

6 

1 
6 

4 

4,204 


138 
137 

1 

3 

1 
2 

3 

2,061 


72 

72 

2 


55 
54 

1 


11 
11 


150 
150 


82 
82 


56 
56 


12 


Full tribal 


12 


Mixed tribal (two tribes) 




1 
1 


3 


3 






Nepro and Indian (more 








2 
1,353 




3 

1 

2,143 


3 




Blood not reported 


1 
623 


2 

82 

1 




1 


1,370 


603 


104 






Full blood 


1,1281 

1,040; 

80 

8 

3,075 
2,881 

182 
493 

2,189 

17 
138 

29 
22 

86 

1 

53 

2 
1 

1 
15,917 


514 
175 
39 


238 

217 

21 


238 
221 

17 


35 
34 

1 


614 
565 
41 

8 

1,529 
1,431 

92 
260 

1,068 

11 
68 

17 
11 

40 


266 
241 
20 

5 

1,104 
1,045 

56 
177 

803 

9 

37 

12 
3 

22 


. 280 

262 

16 

2 

383 
349 

32 
68 

2t7 

2 
26 

5 
6 

15 


64 




58 


Mixed tribal ( two tribes) . 
Tribal blood of one par- 


5 
1 




1,546 
1,450 

90 
233 

1,121 

6 
70 

12 
11 

46 

1 

25 

1 


1,115 
1,052 

50 
159 

838 

5 
41 

9 
2 

30 


384 
361 

35 

70 

256 

■"26 

'4 
13 


47 
37 

5 
4 

27 

1 
9 

3 

1 
1 


41 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 


35 
4 


Half white, half Indian 

More than one-half 

wMte 


15 

16 


Unknown proportions, 
and "Mexican" 




Nesro and Indian 

Less than one-half 


5 


Half Ne.trro, half Indian 
More than one-half 


2 
3 


Unknown proportions. 
NeCTO, white, and Indian. 
Either white or Negro 




21 
1 


3 


28 

1 
1 


20 

1 

1 


8 




Mixture unknown 










Blood not reported 


1 
8,11s 


4,840 


1 
2,675 








582 


7,799 


4,628 


2,693 


449 






Full blood 


7,094 

6,975 

106 

105 

1 

13 

8,715 
8,149 

900 
1,296 

5,805 

88 
447 

97 

72 

270 

8 

94 

108 
6,945 


3,698 

3,640 

54 

54 


1,7S1 

1,7M 

25 

25 


1,517 

1,491 

25 

25 


380 

375 

4 

4 


3,398 

3,335 

52 

51 

1 

9 

4,352 
4,080 

445 
651 

2,939 

45 
215 

51 
30 

129 

5 

44 

12 
1 

51 
3,477 


1,5SS 

1,554 

31 

30 

1 

3 

3,016 
2,836 

285 
343 

2,176 

32 
141 

33 

12 

92 
4 

3C 

8 
1 

24 

1,852 


1,487 

1,405 

17 

17 


297 


Full tribal 


292 




4 




4 






Tribal blood of one par- 


4 

4,3Ki 
4,069 

455 
645 

2,926 

43 
232 

46 
42 

141 
3 
60 

11 
1 

57 
3,468 


2 

3,029 
2,835 

280 
345 

2,176 

34 
150 

3f 

9 

103 

2 
37 

7 


1 

1,1.16 
1,055 

156 
240 

650 

9 
65 

6 
25 

33 

1 
12 

4 


1 

197 
178 

19 
59 

100 

"n 
4 

8 

5 
..... 

..... 

302 


5 

1,185 
1,099 

135 
255 

696 

13 
68 

18 
14 

35 

1 
14 

4 


1 


Mixed blood 


146 


White and Indian 

Less than ont^half 


141 
25 


Half white, half Indian. 
More than one-half 


51 

6,S 


Unknown proportions, 
and "Mexican" 




Negro and Indian 

Less than one-halt 
NeCTO 


5 


HalfNepro, half Indian. 
More than one-half 


3 
2 


Unknown piopottions. 
Negro, white, andlndian. 
Either white or Negro 








Blood not reported 


30 

1,842 


22 
1,311 


21 
1,364 


6 
247 






Full blood 


3,730 

3,531 

192 

7 


1,817 

1,731 

83 

3 


789 
740 
47 

2 


825 
793 
31 

1 


192 

187 

5 


1,913 

1,800 

109 

4 


813 
765 
66 

2 


899 
858 
39 

2 


169 


FuU trilial 


16,5 


Mixed trilnl i two tribes). 
Tribil I'lcm.l of one par- 
ent unknown 


4 



! Totals include persons of unknown age. 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



137 



INmiVNS IN EACH STOCK AND TRIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 

PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



Table 51— Continued. 



TRIBE AKD MIXTURE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 
sexes. 


MALE. 


FEMALE. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
50 

yrs. 


51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
50 
yrs. 


51 
yrs 
and 
over. 



nitJSKHOGEATV STOCK— Continued. 



Creek— Continued. 



MLxed blood 

White and Indian 

Loss than one-half 

white 

Half white, half In- 
dian 

More than one-half 

white 

Unknown proportions, 
and "Mexican" 

mixture 

Negro and Indian 

Less than one-half 

Negro 

Half Negro, half In- 
dian 

More than one-half 

Negro 

Unknown proportions. 
Ne^o. white, and Indian, 
Kither white or Negro 

and Indian 

Mixture unknown 



niood not reported. 



ICC^SATI. 



Full blood 

FuUtrib.il 

Mixed tribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes. . 

Mixed blood (more than 
one-half white) 



Seminole 1,729 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

Mixed tribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes. . 



3,131 
2,52' 

503 

490 

1,497 

37 
422 

105 

139 

164 

14 

143 

33 
6 



1,609! 
1,287 

272 

263 

737 



15 
229 



45 



MLxed blood 

White and Indian 

Less than one-half 

white 

Half white, half Indian 
More than one-half 

white 

Unknown proportions 
("Mexican" mix- 
ture! 

Negro and Indian 

Less than one-half 

Negro 

Half Negro, half Indian 
More than one-half 

Negro 

Negro, white, and Indian 
Either white or Negro 

and Indian 

Mixture unknown 



Blood not reported. 



1,289 

1,158 

131 

129 

2 

392 

161 



11 
164 



17 
135 



48 



891 



541 

567 

74 

72 

2 

222 
92 

34 
30 



1,028 
829 

173 

136 

510 

10 
135 

36 

46 

47 
6 
54 

7 
3 

25 



471 
380 



200 



22 



453 354 



313 

253 

60 

59 

1 

126 
53 

20 
15 



1,522 
1,240 

231 

227 

760 



22 
193 



42 



1,003 
831 

156 

117 

543 

15 
114 

27 

28 

55 

4 

49 



444 

350 

66 
87 
190 



648 

591 

57 

57 



170 
72 



20 



341 
298 
43 
43 



321 



248 

234 

14 

14 



PIMAN STOCK. 



Total. 



Full blood 

Pure stock 

Mixed stock (two stocks) , 
Stock in part unknown . . 



Mixed blood 

White and Indian 

Less than one-half 

white 

Half white, half Indian 
More than one-half 

white 

Unknown proportions 

( "Mexican" raLxtiire) 

Negro, white, and Indian. 

Blood not reported 



8,607 



8,344 

8,255 

77 

12 



167 
166 



121 
1 

96 



4,467 



4,316 
4,263 



101 
100 



2,2821,628 



2,198 

2,169 

22 

7 



62 



1,574 

1,556 

17 

1 

32 
32 



22 



535 
529 



4,140 



4,028 

3,992 

32 

4 

66 
66 

10 

7 



2,128,1506 



2,070 

2,043 

24 

3 

41 
41 



1,461 

1,453 

7 

1 

22 
22 



23 



TRIBE AND MIXTURE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 
sexes. 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



51 
yrs 
and 
over. 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



20 
to 
50 
yrs. 



yrs. 
and 



PiniAIV STOCK— Continued. 



Mayo . 



Full blood 

FiiUtribiil 

MLxed tribal (two tribes) 

MLxed blood (white and 
Indian, unknown pro- 
portions, "Mexican" 
mLxture) 



Opata . 



Full blood: 
Full tribal 

MLxed tribal (two tribes) 



Papago . 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

MLxed tribal (two tribes) 
Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unkno^vn 



Mixed blood 

White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white 

Half white, half Indian 

Unknown proportions 

("Mexican " ' mixture) 

Negro,white, and Indian. 

Blood not reported 



Pima. 



3,798 



3,7031 

3,638| 

62 



40 



18 



1,947 



1,900 

1,873 

25 



20 



FuU blood 

Full tribal 

Mixed tribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes. , . 

MLxed blood (white and 

Indian) 

Less than one-half white 
Half white, half Indian . . 
More thah one-half white 
Unknown proportions 
("Mexican" mixture).. 

Blood not reported 



YAQtn. 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

Mixed tribal (two tribes) 

MLxed blood (white and 
Indian) 

Less than one-half white 
Half white, half Indian. . . 
More than one-half white 
Unk3iown proportions 
("Mexican" mLxture).. 

Blood not reported 



4, 236! 



2,198 



1,034 



4,175 

4,0.39! 

136i 

1271 

9 



19 
7 
6 
2 

4 

42 

528 



426 

401 

25 



2,163 

2,090 

73 

67 

6 



301 



1,005 

989 

14 



237 

222 

15 



1,092 



704 



690 

684 

6 



206 



202 

19' 

5 



1,072 

1,017 

55 

50 



46 



112 

108 

4 



772 

758 

14 

13 

1 



106 
96 
10 



1,861 



1,803 

1,765 

37 



961 



931 

903 

28 



16 



20 



2,038 



2,012 

1,949 

63 

60 

3 



21 



227 



179 
10 



33 



32 



712 



1,033 



1,025 

967 

58 

55 

3 



678 

673 

5 

5 



92 



99 

94 72 

5 5 



171 



167 

166 

1 



694 302 



300 
300 



12 
12 



POMO STOCK. 



Total 


1,193 


603 


240 


231 


131 


1 
590 


250 


219 


120 


Full blood 


907 

853 

37 

17 

220 
209 

80 
102 

27 
7 
4 
1 
3 

66 


458 

430 

19 

9 

112 
106 

40 
54 

12 
6 


174 

157 

12 

5 

58 
55 

30 
19 

6 
3 


169 

158 

7 

4 

44 
42 

2? 

6 
2 


114 
114 

10 
9 

1 

8 

..... 


449 

423 

18 

8, 

lOS' 
103 

40 

43 

15 

1 

*\ 

1 
3 

33I 


168 

146 

15 

7 

70 
66 

27 
28 

11 

4 

1 
3 

12 


171 109 




167 109 


MLxed stock (two stocks) . 
Stock in part unknown . . 

MLxed blood 


32 6 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 


31 

12 
15 

4 
1 


6 

1 


Half white, half Indian 
More than one-half 


5 


NegTO,white, and Indian. 
Other races and Indian. . - 
















Filipino 

Blood not reported 














33 


« 


18 


7 


16 


5 



' Totals include persons of unknown age. 



138 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



INDIANS IN EACH STOCK AND TRIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 

PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 191Q— Continued. 



Table 51 — Continued. 

TRIBE AND MIXTURE OP 
BLOOD. 



Both 


MALE. 


FEMALE. 




Un- 


sn 


51 




Un- 


20 


51 


sexes. 


To- 


der 


to 


yrs. 


To- 


der 


to 


vrs. 




tal.i 


20 


50 


and 


tal.' 


20 


50 


and 






yrs. 


yrs. 


over. 




yrs. 


yrs. 


over. 



POMO STOCK— Continued. 



Cleak Lake. 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

Mi.xed tribal (two tribes). 
Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unknown 



Mixed blood (white and 

Indian) 

Less than one-half white 
Half white, halt Indian. . . 
More than one-half white 

Blood not reported 



Gynomehko.. 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

Mixed tribal (two tribes) 
Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unknown 



Mi:^ed blood 

White and Indian 

Less than one-half 

white 

Hall white, half Indian. 
More than one-hall 

* white 

Other races and Indian 
(Filipino) 



Blood not reported . 



Lfttle Lake. 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

Mixed tribal (two tribes). 

Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 

Less than one-half white. 
Half white, half Indian. . . 
More than one-half white. 



Lower Lake. 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

Mixed tribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes . . . 

Mixed blood (less than one- 
hall white) 



POMO. 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

Mixed tribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes . . 

Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unknown... 



Mixed blood 

White and Indian 

Less than one-half 

white 

Half white, half Indian. 
More than one-half 

white 

Neffro, white, and Indian. 

Other rares and Indian 

(Chinese) 



Blood not reported . 



127 
95 
29 



33 



777 



607 

568 

34 

29 

5 



117 
109 



28 



401 15 



50 



397 



304 

2M 

17 

14 



10 



28 



114 

104 

9 

7 

2 



110 
99 



21 



43 



91 



380 



303 

285 

17 

15 

2 



23 



10 



13 



16 



18 19 



lis 

102 
15 
13 
2 



1101 

los; 

2 
2 



saijINAn stock. 



10 



140 81 



Total 


16 


9 


4 


4 


1 


7 


I 


6 


1 






Full blood (full tribal) 

Mixed blood (white and 


14 

2 

1 
1 


7 

2 
1 

1 


3 

1 

1 


4 


1 


7 


1 


S 


1 


Less than one-half white . 
Halt white, half Indian.. . 


. . 










1 























TEIBE AND MIXTUBE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 


MALE. 


FEMALE. 




Un- 


20 


51 




Un- 


20 




To- 


der 


to 


vrs. 


To- 


der 


to 




tal.' 


20 


50 


and 


tal.' 


20 


bU 






yrs. 


yrs. 


over. 




yrs. 


yrs. 



51 
yrs 
and 
over. 



8ALI8HAN STOCK. 



Total 7,S33',| 4,0171 1,9171,423 



Full blood 

Pure stock 

Mixed stock (two stocks). 
Stock in part unknown.. 



Mixed blood 

White and Indian 

Les5 than one-half 

white 

Half white, halt Indian. 
More than one-hall 

white 

Unknown proportions 
(•'Mexican" mix- 
ture) 

Negro and Indian 

Less than one-half 

Negro 

Halt Negro, hall In- 
dian 

Negro, white, and Indian 
Either white or Negro 

and Indian 

Other races and Indian . 

Polynesian 

Chinese 



Blood not reported. 



Bellacoola 

Full blood (full tribal).. 



Mixed blood (half white, 
hall Indian) 



Chehalis. . 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

Mixed tribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes.. 
Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unknown 



Mi-xed blood (white and 
Indian) 

Less than one-half white . . 

Half white, half Indian.. . 

More than one-half white. 

Unknown proportions 
("Mexican" mixture) . 



Clallam. 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

Mixed tribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes.. 
Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unknown 



Mixed blood 

White and Indian 

Less than one-half 

white 

Half white, half Indian . 
More than one-half 

white 

Negro and Indian (less 

than one-half Negro).. , 

Negro. white, and Indian. 

Other races and Indian 

(Polynesian) 



CoELTt d'Alene. 



5,00S 

4,592 

156 

258 

2,746 
2,68: 

7.i0 
1,133 

801 



282 



2,491 

,2,2781 

83, 

130 

1,485 

1,454 

396 
640 



201 
109 
90 
55 
35 



Full blood I 

Full tribal 

Mixed tribal (two tribes). 
Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unknown 



252 

214 

35 

34 

1 



146 
132 



2.36 
199 
30 



Mixed blood 

While and Indian 

Lei*3 than one.half 

white 

Half white, half Indian . 
More than one-half 

white 

Either white or Negro 
and Indian 



Blood not reported . 



114 
66 
46 
30 
16 



213 



1,003 

884 
40 
79 

901 

881 

319 
247 

314 



126 
110 
15 
14 
1 



661 



897 

830 

29 

38 

511 
500 

74 
330 

95 



15 



63 50 



116 



123 
100' 
20 



3,816 



1,811 



1,315 



2,515 

2,314 

73 

128 

1,261 
1,233 

354 
493 

385 



133 



954 

81 S 

37 



84' 
825 



302 
223 



299 



928 
885 
22 
21 

369 
364 

50 
231 

83 



666 



35 



126 
104 
20 
20 



7 
1 

134 



113 
99 
10 



46 



613 

592 

14 

7 

41 
40 

1 
36 



21 



21 
10 
11 



16 



16 
13 
3 
3 



46 



23 



20 

18 



' Totals include persons o( unknown age. 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



139 



IXDI\NS IN EACH STOCK AND TRIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 

PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



Table 51— Continued. 


Both 
>exes. 


MALE. 


FEMALE. 


TRIDE AND MIXTCBE OF Both 

BLOOD. sexes. 


MALE. 


FEMALE. 


TRIBE AND MIXTURE OF 
BLOOD. 


To- 
tal.! 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 51 
to yrs. 
50 and 
yrs. over. 


To- 
tal.i 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 

to 
50 

yrs. 


51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 


To- 
tal.! 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 51 
to yrs. 
50 and 
yrs. over. 


To- 
tal.i 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 51 
to yrs. 
50 and 
yrs. over. 


SAIiISHAN STOCK— Continued. 


SAilSHAN STOCK 


—Continued. 








COLUMBLV 


asal 


199 


81 


-! 


36 


186 


82 


72 


30 


Flathead 


486 


236 


120 


94 


22 


250 


137 


78 


35 




292: 

215 
69 
67 
2 

S 

88 
87 

20 
36 

31 

1 

5 

785 


153 
109 
41 
40 
1 

3 

44 
43 

10 
IS 

15 

1 

2 

418 


49 
28 
20 
20 

1 

30 
30 

8 
8 

14 

2 
209 


64 
50 
14 
13 
1 

12 
11 

2 

8 

1 
1 


35 

26 
7 

7 

2 

1 
1 

..... 


139 
106 
28 
27 

1 

5 

44 
44 

10 
18 

16 


48 
32 
14 
14 

2 

34 
34 

10 
9 

15 


59 

49 

9 

8 

1 

1 

10 
10 


30 

24 
5 
5 

1 


Full blood 


206 

168 

37 

31 

6 

1 

280 
95 
70 

115 

564 


101 

85 
16 
12 
4 


41 
32 
9 
7 
2 


42 
36 
6 
4 
2 


18 

17 

1 

1 


105 
83 
21 
19 
2 

1 

145 
47 
37 
61 

273 


38 

28 

10 

8 

2 

99 
39 
14 
46 

110 


41 
34 

6 
6 


26 




Full tribal 


21 




Mixed tribal 


5 






5 


Threo or more tribes. . . 
Tribal blood of one par- 


Three or more tribes. .. 
Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unknown 




1 

37 

7 

15 
15 

102 






Mixed blood (white and 


135 

48 
33 
54 

291 


79 
27 
15 
37 

130 


52 
21 

15 
16 

107 


4 
1 
54 




White and Indian 

Less than one-half 


9 


Less than one-half white . 
Half white, half Indian. . . 
More than one-half white. 


1 
8 


Half vmte, half Indian . 

More thaii one-half 

achate 


9 

1 






Other races and Indian 


61 


Full blood 








3 

367 


172 


3 

140 


54 


361 

319 

40 

37 

3 

2 

202 
200 

37 
53 

110 
2 

1 

1 

1 
353 


184 

157 

25 

23 

2 

2 

106 
105 

17 
27 

61 

1 

1 


63 

54 
9 
7 
2 

67 
66 

12 

9 

45 

1 

1 


74 
57 
15 
15 


47 
46 

1 
1 


177 

162 

15 

14 

1 


50 

43 

7 

6 

1 


68 

65 

3 

3 


59 


Blood not reported 


Full tribal 


54 


152 


57 




5 






5 


COL^TLLE 


Three or more tribes. - . 
Tribal blood of one par- 




Full Wood 


345 

321 
17 

'I 

7 

437 
428 

52 
215 

160 

1 
9 
3 

1 


170 

157 

9 

8 

1 

4 

247 
242 

27 
118 

% 

1 
5 

1 


67 

64 

1 

i 

2 

142 
138 

18 
46 

74 
4 


62 

55 

5 

5 


41 
38 
3 
3 


175 

164 

8 

5 

3 

3 

190 
186 

25 
97 

64 


57 
52 
4 

1 
3 

1 

115 
112 

20 
43 

49 


72 
69 
2 
2 


45 

42 

2 

2 


2 

32 
32 

3 
13 

16 








Full tribal 




7 
7 

2 
5 


96 
95 

20 
26 

49 
1 


60 
60 

18 

7 

35 


34 
33 

2 
17 

14 

1 




Mixed tribal 


2 




White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white 

Half white^half Indian . 
More than one-half 


2 




Tribal blood of one par- 


2 

90 
89 

9 
59 

20 

1 
1 


15 
15 

"is 

2 


1 

67 
66 

5 
47 

14 


1 

s 
s 

..... 

1 




Mixed blood 










Negro and Indian 

Less than one -half 




Less than one-half 
white 








Half white, half Indian. 


Half Negro.haif Indian . 
Blood not reported 






1 




1 




More than one-half 
white 


1 
184 


115 


1 

47 






Unknown proportions 
("Mexican" mix- 


22 


169 


110 


44 




Either white or Negro 


1 


4 
2 

1 


3 


1 
1 


1 
1 


15 


Full blood 






200 
101 
89 
61 
28 

10 

153 
141 

73 
46 

22 
1 

2 

9 

14 


94 
49 
37 
29 
8 

8 

90 
83 

44 
30 

9 
1 

1 

5 

7 


46 
22 
18 
10 
8 

6 

69 
63 

43 
11 

9 

1 

1 
4 

3 


26 
12 
13 
13 


22 
15 
6 
6 


106 
52 
52 
32 
20 

2 

63 

58 

29 
16 

13 


56 
18 
36 
16 
20 

2 

54 
50 

28 
10 

12 


36 
22 
14 
14 








Blood not reported 


Full tribal 


12 






Mixed tribal 


2 




Two tribes 


2 


COMO\ 


Ttiree or more tril>es . . . 
Tribal blood of one par- 


















1 

21 
20 

1 

19 


1 






Full blood (fiUl tribal) 


1 
62 










1 
33 






1 

7 




29 


18 


11 




14 


12 


Mlxed blood 


8 
7 

1 

5 

1 


1 




White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white 


1 


Full blood 


30 
17 
13 
5 

8 

32 
31 

7 
24 

1 
105 


11 
3 

8 
4 

4 

18 
18 

5 
13 


6 
1 
5 
2 
3 

12 
12 

f 


5 
2 
3 

2 

1 

6 
6 




19 
14 
5 

1 
4 

14 
13 

1? 

1 

47 


7 
3 

4 

4 

7 
7 

2 

5 


6 
5 

1 

1 


6 
6 








Mixed tribal 


Half white.half Indian . 

More than one-half 

white 


i 






Three or more tribes... 




6 
6 


1 


Negro.white.and Indian . 
Either white or Negro 








Mixed blood 






1 
i 

7 


4 
4 


1 




Wliite and Indian 

Less than one-half 




Other races and Indian 
( Polvnesian) 


1 
2 


2 




Half white, half Indian. 

Other races and Indian 

(Polynesian) 


6 




6 


1 
11 


Methow 


1 


2 


Cowlitz 


58 


30 


18 


10 


18 


18 


Full blood: 


6 

8 

194 


3 
4 

104 


3 

51 


1 
1 

38 


2 
15 


3 

4 

90 


4 

47 


1 


2 




Mixed tribal (two tribes). 

Muckleshoot 

Full blood 




Full blood 


47 
30 
17 
11 
6 

58 
53 

13 

26 

14 
A 

1 
20 


22 
15 

7 
3 

4 

36 
31 

6 
18 

7 
4 

1 

13 


7 

1 

2 

23 
19 

E 
S 

t 


9 

6 
3 
1 

2 

9 

8 

1 

e 

1 


6 
4 
2 
2 

4 

4 

..... 


25 
15 
10 
8 
2 

22 
22 

7 
8 

7 


S 
2 

a 

: 

la 
ic 

« 

4 


10 
6 
4 
4 


10 
7 
3 
3 


29 








Mixed tribal 


12 


Two tribes 

Three or more tribes... 


153 

134 

19 

39 
37 

11 

2t 

1 
1 

4« 


84 
71 
13 

19 

18 

8 

10 

1 


41 
3C 
11 

IC 
IC 

; 


28 

26 

2 

9 
i 

1 
7 

1 


15 
15 


69 

63 

6 

20 
19 

3 

16 

1 

1 


31 

27 
4 

le 

1£ 

; 


2c 
2c 

a 

a 




12 


s 
s 

1 

J 

: 


1 
1 



1 






11 


Mixed blood 


Mixed tribal (two tribes) 
Mixed blood 


1 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 





White and Indian 

Less than one-half 





Half white, half Indian 
More than one-half 
white 




Half white.half Indian 

Negro and Indian 

Less than one-half 


: 





Kegro, white, and Indian 
Either white or Negro 






















3 


7 




. 


1 


Half Negro,half Indian 
Blood not reported 


1 

1 

22 




1 

1 
) i 










1 4 


1 
24 




1 
1 








Full blood 


IS 

13 

1 
I 

1 
1 


11 

a 

: 
1 1 


1 
1 


( 

1 
1 


a 

a 




7 
5 
2 







1 

1 




10 


Full tribal 


Full blood 




Mbced tribal (two tribes) 


4: 
1! 
2' 
2 


21 

9 
IS 

IC 

! 




( 

i : 
3 ; 
2.... 


> a 

> 2 
1 


22 

10 

1^ 

1 


i 

1 


1 


8 


Mixed blood {white and 


Full tribal 


2 


Mixed tribal 


6 


Less than one-half white 
More than one-half white 












Two tribes 


6 












Three or more tribes.. 





1 Totals include persons of unknown age. 



140 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



INDIANS IN EACH STOCK AND TRIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 

PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



Table 5 1— Continued. 


Both 
sexes. 


MALE. 


FEMALE. 


TRIBE AND MIXTUltE OF 
BLOOD. 


Both 
sexes. 


MALE. 


FEMALE. 


TEIBE AND MIXTURE OF 
BLOOD. 


To- 
tal.i 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
SO 

yrs. 


51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 

yrs. 


20 
to 
50 
yrs. 


51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 


To- 
tal.! 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
50 

yrs. 


61 
yrs. 
and 
over. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
. 20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
50 
yrs. 


51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



SALISHAlSr STOCK— Continue 1. 



SALI8HAN STOCK— Continued. 



Nespeum— Contd. 

Ui.xcd blood (half white, 
halflndian) 


3 
137 


1 
69 






1 
18 


2 
68 






2 

20 


NiSQXIALLI 


26 


24 


25 


23 




Fiilllilood 


110 
60 
45 
26 
19 

5 

26 

7 
6 
13 

1 
85 


54 
28 
24 
13 
11 

2 

14 
4 
2 

8 

1 
51 


20 
7 

13 
6 

7 

6 
3 

3 


17 
10 
6 
2 
4 

1 

7 
1 
1 

5 


17 
11 

5 
5 

1 

1 
10 


66 
32 
21 
13 

8 

3 

12 
3 
4 
5 


19 
5 

14 
9 
5 

6 
3 

3 


20 

'I 
3 
2 

3 
3 


17 

15 

2 

1 

1 

3 


Full tribal 


Mi.xed tribal 




Three or more tribes. .. 
Tribal blood ot one par- 


Mixed blood (white and 




Half white, halflndian. . . 
More than one -half white. 

Blood not reported 


1 
2 


3 


31 


10 


34 


13 


12 


9 




- 


Full blood 


72 
66 

2 

4 

13 
U 
2 

272 

121 
90 
28 
27 

1 

3 

135 
132 

18 
61 

50 

3 

16 

52 


43 
41 


24 
22 


9 
9 


10 
10 


29 
25 

2 

2 

5 

5 


9 

7 

2 

4 
4 


'I 


9 
9 


Full tribal 


Mixed tribal (three or 


Tribal blood of one par- 


2 

8 
6 
2 

136 


2 

7 
6 

1 

65 






2 

1 
1 





Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 


1 






Half whit«, half Indian . . 


1 
53 






18 


136 


61 


52 


22 






Full blood 


56 
38 
17 
16 
1 

1 

73 
71 

9 
31 

31 

2 

7 

21 


25 M 


8 
7 




65 
52 
11 
11 


26 
20 
4 
4 


24 

18 
6 
6 


14 
13 

1 


Full tribal 


12 

13 

12 

1 


19 
4 
4 








Tribal blood of one par- 




1 

S 
8 

..... 

2 

2 
6 


2 

62 
61 

9 
33 

19 

1 

9 

31 


2 

33 
32 

7 
11 

14 

1 
2 

13 






MLxed blood 


37 
36 

5 
9 

22 

1 

3 

10 


28 
27 

4 
16 

7 

1 

2 

5 


23 
. 23 

2 
17 

4 


6 
6 

■■■■5 

1 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 


Half white, half Indian. 

More than one - half 

white 


Other races and Indian 
(Chinese) 


Blood not reported 


7 


2 
11 




Full blood: 
full tribal 


49 
3 

303 


20 

1 

151 


9 

1 

71 


5 


6 


29 
2 

152 


11 
2 

76 


7 


11 


Mi-xed tribal (two tribes). 

PtJYALLUP 


57 


22 


55 


21 




Full blood 


178 
143 
24 

11 

119 
50 
45 
24 

6 

288 


87 
75 

'I 
4 

2 

62 
23 
28 
11 

2 

153 


35 

30 

4 

4 

1 

36 
19 
7 
10 

71 


38 

34 

3 

1 
2 

1 

18 
3 
14 

1 

1 

52 


14 
11 
3 

1 
2 

7 
1 
6 

1 

30 


91 
68 
14 
14 


38 
24 


34 


19 

18 

1 

1 


Full tribal 


Mixed tribal 


8| 5 
8 5 


Two tribes 








Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unknown 


9 

57 
27 
17 
13 

4 

135 


6 

38 
18 
9 
11 

58 


3 

19 

1 
2 

2 
53 


2 
24 


MLxed blood (white and 
Indian) 


Less than one-half white. 
Half white, half Indian.. 
More than one-half white. 

Blood not reported 






Full blooil 


219 

198 

21 

17 

4 


111 
96 
15 
12 
3 


46 
36 
10 
7 
3 


37 
34 
3 

3 


28 
26 
2 
2 


108 
102 

I 

1 


40 

36 

4 

3 

1 


44 

42 
2 

.J. 


24 
24 


Full tribal 


Mixed tribal 




Three or more tribes . . . 



QumATELT^Contd. 
Mixed blood (white and 


69 
22 
30 

17 

240 


42 
13 

17 
12 

114 


25 
8 

10 
7 

44 


15 
5 
5 
5 

47 


2 
■■2 

22 


27 
9 

13 
5 

126 


18 

•■ 

46 


9 
4 
2 
3 

46 




Less than one-half white. 
Half white, halflndian. . . 
More than one-half white. 


30 






Full blood 


180 
169 

7 

4 

41 
37 

2 
27 

8 

4 
19 

9 

1 

8 
2 
6 

56 


87 

81 

3 

3 

18 
17 

2 
10 

5 

1 
9 

5 


30 
29 

1 

10 
10 

2 
4 

4 

4 
3 


39 
34 
3 

' 2 

5 
4 


17 
17 

3 
3 


93 

88 
4 

1 

23 
20 


28 
28 

' 

13 
10 


38 

34 

3 

1 

6 
6 


25 


Full tribal 


24 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 
Tribal blood of one par- 


1 


Mixed blood 


2 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white 


2 


Half white, half Indian . 
More than one-half 
white 


4 

1 
3 

2 


2 

1 

2 


17 
3 
3 

10 

4 


3 
3 

5 

3 


6 


2 


Either white or Negro 
and Indian 






Blood not reported 


2 


3 




1 






Full blood (full tribal) 

Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 










1 
3 






1 


5 
2 
3 

31 


3 
3 

16 


2 
2 




3 












More than one-half white 




3 
25 


3 

14 








7 


8 


6 


5 






Full blood 


28 
8 
20 
15 
5 

28 
10 
8 
10 

195 


18 
4 

14 
9 
5 

13 
4 

3 
6 

86 


2 
5 

9 
4 
1 
4 

39 


3 
2 

1 
1 


8 
2 
6 
6 


10 
4 
6 
6 


3 

3 

3 


2 
2 


5 


Full tribal 


2 


MLxed tribal 


3 


Two tribes . . 


3 






Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) . 


4 




16 
6 
5 
4 

109 


11 
6 

1 
4 

63 


4 








Half white, half Indian . . . 


2 
2 

27 


19 


4 




Skoeomish . 


28 


18 






Full blood ... . 


130 
94 
31 
25 
6 

5 

65 
16 
41 

8 

664 


52 
3S 
12 
11 
1 

2 

34 
10 
21 
3 

343 


16 
12 
3 
2 

1 

1 

23 

9 

12 
2 

169 


16 
15 


19 
10 
9 
9 


78 
56 
19 
14 
5 

3 

31 
6 

20 
5 

321 


40 
25 
12 
9 
3 

3 

23 
6 
12 

5 

161 


20 
16 
4 
2 
2 


18 




15 


Mixed tribal 


3 


Two tribes . 


3 






Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unknown 


1 

11 

1 
9 

1 

123 


50 




Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 


8 








Half white, half Indian . . . 
More than one-half white. 


8 






100 


55 






Full blood 


472 
434 
38 
26 
12 

190 
57 
96 
37 

2 
93 


233 
208 
25 
20 
5 

108 
31 
59 
18 

2 

48 


112 
98 
14 
11 
3 

57 
29 
16 
12 

16 


72 
63 
9 
7 
2 

49 

2 

41 

6 

2 
24 


48 
46 
2 
2 

2 
..... 


239 

226 

13 

6 

7 

82 
26 
37 
19 


100 
90 

'1 

7 

61 
25 
21 
15 


81 
79 
2 
2 


53 


Full tribal 


52 




1 


Two tribes 


1 






Mixed blood (whit© and 


19 
1 

14 
4 


?. 


Less than one-half white. 
Half wh ite, half Indian . . . 
More than one-half white. 


""2 


Siq-nqnAI.MTT ,..,,.... 


8 


45 


22 


16 


7 






Full blood 


70 
61 
9 

23 
10 
12 

1 


33 
29 
4 

15 
5 
10 


12 
10 
2 

4 
4 


13 
13 

11 
1 
10 


8 
6 
2 


37 

32 

5 

8 
9 
2 
1 


16 
12 
4 

6 
5 

i 


14 
14 

2 


7 


Full tribal 


5 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 

Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 


1 






Half white, half Indian. . . 
More than one-half white. 


2 





' Totals include persons oC unknown age. 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



141 



INDI\NS IN EACH STOCK AND TRIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 

PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910— Contiuued. 



Table 51— Continued. 


Both 
exes. 


MALE. 


FEMALE. 


TRIBE AND MIXTURE OF Both 

BLOOD. sexes. 


M.VLE 






FEMALE. 


TBIBE AND MIXTURE OK 

BLOOD. 5 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 51 

to yrs. 
50 and 
yrs. over. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 

to 
50 
yrs. 


51 
yrs 
and 
over. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 51 
to yrs. 
50 and 
yrs. over. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 

yrs. 


20 51 
to yrs. 
50 and 
yrs. over. 


SAIjISHAX stock— Continued. 


SALISHAN STOCK 


—Continued. 






SONGISH 


23 


13 


8 


4 


3 


8 


3 


3 


2 


TWANA 


61 


29 


15 


8 


6 


32 


18 


10 


4 




15 
2 
12 

1 

8 

643 


7 
1 
6 


4 




3 

1 
2 


8 

1 
6 

1 


3 


3 


2 

1 
1 


Full blood 


31 
13 
18 
16 
2 

30 
21 
6 
3 


19 
9 

10 
8 
2 

10 
7 
2 
1 


8 
1 
7 
5 
2 

7 
6 

i 


5 
3 
2 
2 


6 
5 
1 
1 


12 
4 

1 


4 

4 

4 


4 
1 
3 
3 


4 




Full tribal 


3 


Mixed tribal (two tribes) 
Tribal blood ot one par- 


4 




3 


2 

1 




1 




1 


Three or more tribes 

Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 




Mixed blood (half white, 

hftif TniTisin^ 


8 
301 


4 
123 


4 

101 




3 
1 
2 




20 
14 

4 

2 


14 

11 

1 

2 


6 
3 
3 




Less than one-half white 
Half white, half Indian .. . 
More than one-half white. 






76 


342 


144 


131 


63 




Spokan 








Full blood 


409 

356 

51 

39 

12 

2 

233 
44 

96 
93 

1 

44 


185 

162 

21 

16 

5 

2 

115 
24 

56 
35 

1 
22 


56 

47 

9 

5 

4 

67 
20 
23 
24 


62 

54 

7 

6 

1 

1 

39 

4 

25 

10 


66 

60 

5 

5 

1 

9 

1 

1 

4 


224 
194 
30 
23 

7 


72 
56 
16 
10 
6 


89 

80 

9 

8 

1 


59 

55 

4 

4 


8HAHAPTIAN STOCK. 




Total 


4,391 


2,085 


866 


807 


393 


2.306 


905 


884 




Mixed tribal 


48S 




Full blood 




Three or more tribes 


3,372 

3,106 

210 

56 

998 
977 

272 
359 

338 

8 
4 

3 

1 
5 
12 

7 
5 

21 


1,563 

1,444 

95 

24 

509 
493 

134 
203 

159 

2 
3 

2 
1 
2 
6 
3 
3 

13 


580 

615 

48 

17 

283 

277 

90 
81 

105 

1 
1 

1 

2 

3 
2 

1 

3 


618 

582 

31 

5 

184 

179 

42 
86 

50 

1 

2 

1 
1 


349 

331 

16 

2 

40 
40 

2 
34 

4 



1,809 

1,662 

115 

32 

489 
479 

138 
156 

179 

6 
1 

1 


579 

507 

49 

23 

323 
316 

99 
81 

132 

4 


737 

690 

42 

5 

145 
142 

38 
59 

43 

2 

1 

1 


462 


Tribal blood of one par- 




435 




Mixed stock (two stocks) 
Stock in part unknown. . 

Mixed blood 


23 
4 

20 


Mixed blood (white and 


118 
20 
40 
58 


72 

■ 18 

12 

42 


42 
2 

25 
15 


4 
..... 

1 


Less than one-half white. 
Half white, hall Indian. 
More than one-half white. 

Blood not reported- 

Squ.ixon 


White and Indian 

Less than one - halt 


20 
1 


Halfwhite, half Indian. 

More than one-half 
white 

Unknown proportions, 
and " Miexiean " 
mixture 


15 


6 


12 


22 


S 


8 


6 


4 


rull blood 


34 
21 
11 
10 

1 

2 

10 

307 


17 
9 
6 
6 


2 
2 


11 
6 
4 

4 


4 
3 


17 

12 

5 

4 

1 


5 
3 

I 

1 


6 
3 
3 
3 


6 
6 


Negro and Indian 

L«ss than one-half 




Full tribal 




Mixed tribal 


Half Negro, half Indian 
Negro, white, and Indim 
Other races and Indian. 




Two tribes 




3 

6 
4 
2 

8 


3 
4 
2 

2 

3 








3 

1 
2 

5 


4 


2 
2 




Tribal blood of one par- 


2 

5 

163 


4 

84 


1 
1 
54 


1 
24 














Mixed blood (less than one- 


5 

144 


3 

77 


2 
43 


23 


Blood not reported 


2 


3 




405 


190 


77 


76 


37 


215 


76 


87 


51 




FuU blood 






335 

252 

80 

65 

13 

3 

64 
58 

29 

8 

20 
1 

1 

5 

6 

1,259 


1.55 
119 
35 
29 
6 

1 

31 

28 

12 

6 

10 


61 
39 
22 
17 
5 


59 

49 

10 

9 

1 


35 
31 
3 
3 

1 

1 
1 

'""i 


180 

133 

45 

36 

9 

2 

33 
30 

17 
2 

10 
1 

1 

2 

2 

633 


56 
26 
29 
20 
9 

1 

20 
18 

g 

8 

1 

2 
247 


74 

65 

9 

9 


49 






41 


Full blood 


177 

145 

27 

18 

9 

5 

130 
127 

58 
53 

16 

2 

1 

333 


92 
72 
15 
10 
5 

5 

71 
70 

26 
36 

8 

1 


36 

29 

5 

2 

3 

2 

48 
48 

22 
19 

7 


33 

27 
6 
4 
2 

21 

20 

4 

15 

1 

1 


22 
15 
4 
4 

3 

2 

2 

"■"2 


85 

73 

12 

8 

4 


30 

26 

4 

1 

3 


32 

28 
4 
3 

1 


23 
19 

4 
4 


Mixed tribal 


7 




Two tribes 


7 




Three or more tribes. . . 
Tribal blood of one par- 




Two tribes 


12 
11 

7 
2 

2 




Three or more tribes... 
Tribal blood of onepar- 


1 


Mixed blood 


16 
14 

7 

7 


14 
13 

5 

5 

3 


1 


Mixed blood 


59 
57 

32 
17 

8 

1 

1 

155 


47 
45 

29 
9 

7 

1 
1 

as 


11 
11 

2 

8 

1 




White and Indian 

Less than one - half 


1 


White and Indian 

Less than one -half 


1 


Halfwhite, half Indian. 

More than one-half 

white 








More than one-half 


Unknown proportions. 
Negro and Indian (less 

than one-half Negro). . . 
Other races and Indian 












1 




Neero and Indi;m (half 

Netrro, half Indian) 

Negro,white, and Indian. . 

SWIXOMISH 




3 

4 

626 


2 
247 


1 
3 

231 


1 

134 










178 


91 


59 


28 


51 


36 


Blood not reported 

Nez Peeces 

'Full blood 


1 
226 


1 




144 




279 

270 

6 

3 

54 
52 

13 
38 

1 

2 

25 


142 

138 

3 

1 

36 
36 

10 
25 

1 


67 
66 

1 

2-1 
24 

IC 
1.1 

1 


48 

47 

1 

11 
11 


27 
25 
2 

1 

1 


137 

132 

3 

2 

18 
16 

3 
13 


54 

51 
1 

2 

14 

12 

3 
9 


4- 

46 

1 


36 
35 

1 




Full tribal 


970 

865 

104 

98 

6 

1 

276 
120 
101 
55 

13 
82 


470 

421 

49 

45 

4 


162 
136 
26 
24 
2 


176 

161 

IS 

13 

2 


121 

113 

8 

8 


500 

444 

55 

53 

2 

1 

129 
61 
42 
26 

4 
44 


157 
131 
25 
24 

1 

1 

87 
47 
21 

19 

3 
IC 


IS8 

169 

19 

18 

1 


139 


Mixed tribal (two tribes; 
Tribal blood of onepar- 


FuU tribal 


128 




11 


Two tribes 


11 


Mised blood . 


4 

4 




Three or more trites. . . 
Tribal blood ot one par- 




White and Indian 

Less than one-half 




Mised blood (white and 
Indian) 


147 
,59 
59 
29 

9 
38 


82 
4C 
19 
23 

3 
IC 


53 
19 
28 
6 

2 
22 


10 
10 

3 
6 


38 
14 
18 
6 

19 




Halfwhite halflndian 


11 


1 


4 




4 


More than one- half 


Less than one-half white. . 
Half white, half Indian.. 
More than one-half white. 

Blood not reported 

Paloos 


..... 


Other races and Indian 






2 
12 


2 

1 






1 


Tillamook 


13 


3 




3 




6 


1 
15 


Full blood 


22 
15 

7 

1 

2 


12 

8 
4 

1 


2 
1 
1 

I 


7 
4 

a 


3 

3 


10 
7 
3 


1 

1 


4 


5 
4 
1 


Full blood 


77 
56 
21 

20 

1 

5 


36 
25 
10 
9 

1 

3 


a 

£ 
4 
3 

1 

1 


2C 
14 

6 
6 


6 
6 




42 
31 

11 
11 


8 

3 

1 


19 
15 
4 
4 


15 


Full tribal 


Full tribal 


13 


MLxed tribal (two tribes) 




2 




J! 


Mixed blood (less than one- 
half white). 


Three or more tribes. . 

Mixed blood (other races 
i and Indian, Chmcse) . . . 









2 




.... 




Blood not reported 






2 




1 


1 





I Totals include persons of unknown age. 



142 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



INDIANS IN EACH STOCK AND TRIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 

PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



Table 51 — Continued. 



THIBE \KD MIXTURE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 


MALE. 


FEMALE. 




Un- 


i>n 


,11 




Un- 


20 




To- 


der 


to 


yrs. 


To- 


der 


to 




tal." 


20 


50 


and 


tal.! 


20 


60 






yrs. 


yrs. 


over. 




yrs. 


yrs. 



51 

yrs. 
and 
over. 



SH.*.H.*PTI.4:V STOCK— Continued. 



TOPINISH 

Full blood: 

Full tribal 

Mixed tribal (two tribes). 

Umatilla 

Full blood , 

Full tribal , 

MLxed tribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes. . , 

Mixed blood (white and 

Indian) 

Less than one-half white. , 
Half white, half Indian. ., 
More than one-half white. 
Unknown proportions. . . 



Walla walla 

Full blood 

FuU tribal 

Mixed tribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes . . . 

Mixed blood 

White and Indian 

Less than one-half 

white 

Half white, half Indian . 
More than one-half 

white 

Negro, white, and Indian. 

Wabm Speings 

Full blood 

FuU tribal 

Mixed tribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes... 

Mixed blood (white and 

Indian) 

Less than one-half white . . 
Half white, half Indian.. . 
More than one-halfwhite. , 

Yakima 

Full blood 

Full tribal 

Mixed tribal 

Two tribes 

Throe or more tribes. .. 

Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unknown 

Mixed blood 

White and Indian 

Less than one-half 

white 

Half white, half Indian. 
More than one-half 

white 

Unknown proportions 
("Mexican' mix- 
ture) 

Negro and Indian 

Less than one-half 

Negro 

Half Negro, half Ind ian . 

Other races and Indian 

( Polsmcsian) 

Blood not reported 



219 
158 
61 
54 



126 
100 
26 
23 
3 

271 
266 

20 
100 

146 
5 



538 
470 



60 



12 
8 
3 
1 

1,362 



1,043 

916 

125 

115 

10 



317 
312 



135 
95 



66 
49 
17 
15 
2 

13« 
136 

11 
59 

66 
2 



250 

215 

35 

31 

4 



474 
413 

61 

57 

4 



158 
155 



78 



102 



191 
150 
41 
38 
3 



10 


4 


3 




4 


3 


2 


1 


1 





25 



95 



190 

175 

15 

15 



26 



26 



58 



100 



132 
93 
39 
34 
5 



193 



133 
130 



288 
255 
33 
29 
4 



7 
5 
1 
1 

730 



569 

503 

64 

58 

6 



159 
157 



11 14 



98 



113 
95 
18 
15 
3 



287 



180 
144 
36 
33 
3 



107 
107 



8HASTAN STOCK. 



113 



4 
2 
1 
1 

299 



253 

232 

21 

19 

2 



66 



125 

117 

6 

5 

1 



Total 


1,578J 


757 


340 


287 


118 


821 


405 


289 


113 






Full blood 


1,162' 

1,039, 

103! 

20' 


557 
499 

52! 

a! 


220 

18« 

29 

5 


213 
195 

17 

1 


112 

107 

5 


605 

540 

51 

14 


259 

215 

32 

12 


225 

208 

16 

1 


109 


Pure stock 


105 


Mixed stock(two stocks) . 
Stock in part unkno^vn. . . 


3 

1 



TBIBE AND MIXTimE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 
sexes. 



To- 
tal.! 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



51 

yrs, 
and 



To- 
tal.! 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



20 
to 
50 

yrs. 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



SHASTAIV STOCK— Continued. 



Total— Continued. 
Mixed blood 


413 
393 

103 
196 

94 

5 
11 

2 
2 

3 


198 
180 

45 
97 

44 

3 
7 

2 


120 
115 

29 
46 

40 
5 


72 
65 

16 
45 

4 

3 
2 

2 


6 
6 

..... 


215 
207 

5S 
99 

50 

2 
4 


146 
142 

46 
55 

42 
4 


64 
62 

13 
41 

8 

2 


3 


White and Indian 

Less than one-haU 


3 


Halfwhite,half Indian. 
More than one-half 
white 


3 


Negro and Indian (half 

Negro, half Indian! 

Negro, white, and Indian. 
Other races and Indian 












2 

1 








Blood not reported 


2 




2 








1 








Hat Creek 


240 


129 


63 


46 


29 


111 


42 


41 


27 


Full blood 


220 
174 
46 

20 
11 

8 

1 

985 


120 
92 
28 

9 
2 

6 

1 

469 


47 
33 
14 

6 

1 
4 

1 

204 


43 
32 
11 

3 
1 
2 


29 

27 

2 


100 
82 
18 

U 
9 
2 


36 

27 

9 

6 
6 


36 

30 

6 

5 
3 
2 


■XT 


Full tribal 


24 


Mixed tribal (two tribes) 
Mixed blood (white and 


3 


Less than one-halfwhite 
Half white, half Indian. . 






180 


74 


516 


258 


193 


m 






Full blood 


841 
697 
137 
129 

8 

7 

144 
142 

43 
73 

26 
2 

353 


400 
334 
64 
61 
3 

2 

69 
69 

21 
33 

15 


100 
126 
32 
30 
2 

2 

44 
44 

14 
16 

14 


156 
131 
25 
24 
1 


73 
6 


441 

363 

73 

68 

5 

5 

75 
73 

22 
40 

11 
2 

194 


209 

160 

46 

41 

5 

3 

49 
49 

17 
23 

9 


170 
145 
24 
24 


51 


Full tribal 


48 




7. 


Two tribes 


2 






Tribal blood of one par- 


1 

23 
23 

6 
16 

2 


1 




24 
24 

7 
16 

1 


1 
1 

"""'i 


1 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white. 


1 


Halfwbite.half Indian 
More than one-half 
white 


1 






Shasta 


159 


83 


61 


15 


106 


55 


... . 

34 






Full blood 


101 
75 
26 
21 
5 

249 
231 

49 
115 

67 

5 
11 

2 

3 


37 
26 
11 
10 
1 

120 
108 

22 
68 

28 

3 

7 

2 
2 


13 

5 
8 

1 

70 
65 

14 
26 

25 
5 


14 
13 

1 
1 


10 

1 
2 


64 
49 
15 
11 
4 

129 
123 

27 
57 

39 

2 
4 


14 
3 

11 
7 
4 

91 
87 

22 
32 

33 
4 


19 
17 


2 


31 


Full tribal . . 


29 




2 


Two tribes 


2 






MLxed blood 


45 
38 

8 
27 

3 

3 

2 

2 
2 


5 
5 


36 
34 

5 
23 

6 

2 


2 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white 


2 


Halfwhite, half Indian 
More than one-half 


2 


Negro and Indian (half 

Negro, half Indian} . . . 

Negro,whit.e, and Indian. 

Other races and Indian 









Blood not reported 




1 






1 









SHOSHONEAN STOCK. 



Total 

Full blood 

Pure stock 

Mixed stock (two stocks) 
Stock in part unknown. . 

Mixed blood 

White and Indian 

Less than one-half 

white 

Half white. half Indian. 
More than one-half 

white 

L^nknown proportions, 

and '■ Mexican " 

mixture 



' Totals include persons of unknown age. 



16,842 



14,672 

14,451 

160 

71 

1,928 
1,884 

646 

771 

287 
280 



8,620! 



7,500 

7,383 

76 

41 

9921 
970' 

275! 
417 

138| 
140 



3,733 



3,518|l,295 



3,09' 

3,017 

48 

32 

609 
592 

223 
192 



3,136 

3,106 

21 

9 

336 
332 

44 
201 



1,236 
1,229 



8.222 



7,172 

7,068 

74 

30 

936 
914 

271 
354 

149 
140 



2,872 

2,804 

48 

20 

6.32 
618 

214 

185 

120 



3,043 

3,018 

18 



274 
266 



50 
154 



1,266 



1,219 
1,209 



25, 
25 



6 
14 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



143 



IXDIANS IN EACH STOCK AND TRIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 

PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



Table 5 1 — Continued. 


Both 
sexes. 


MALE. 


FEMALE. 


• 
tribe and mixture of 

BLOOD. 


Both 

sexes. 


MALE. 


FEMALE. 


TRIBE -tNB MIXTURE OF 
BLOOD. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
60 
yrs. 


51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 

50 
yrs. 


51 
yrs. 
and 
over 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 

to 
50 
yrs. 


51 

yrs 
and 
3ver. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 

yrs. 


20 
to 

50 

yrs. 


51 
yrs. 
and 
3ver. 


SHOSH 


ONE 


AN STOCK— Continued. 








SH08H0NEAN STOCK— Continued. 


Total— Continued. 


24 

14 

10 
16 

2 

2 
242 


12 
^9 


10 

6 
4 
6 


1 

■""'i 

3 


1 
1 


12 

7 
5 

7 

2 

1 

114 


7 

6 
1 
6 

1 

25 


5 

1 
4 

1 

2 






16 


8 


3 


3 


2 


8 


4 


1 


3 


Full blood 




Mixed blood— Continued. 

Negro and Indian 

Less than one-half 


8 
7 

1 

g 
6 
2 

23 


5 
4 

1 

3 
3 


3 
3 


3 
2 

1 


2 
2 


3 
3 






3 


Full tribal 






3 


MLxed tribal (two tribes). 
Mixed blood (white and 








Half N'egro.half Indian 
Negro.white, and Indian. . 
Either white or Negro 




5 
3 
2 

12 


4 
3 

1 

4 


1 




Less than one-half white 
Half white, half Indian. . . 








Other races and Indian 


1 

12S' 


1 
27 










1 

7 




11 


5 


5 


1 




Bloodnotreported 


46 


19 


47 


12 


1 


Full blood: 
Full tribal 






413 


214 


79 


93 


42 


199 


70 


S3 


46 


21 
2 

755 


9 
2 

419 


3 
2 

175 


5 


1 


12 


4 


7 


1 




Tribal blood of one par- 






323' 

305 

18 

90 
20 
47 
21 

2 

355 


169 

158 

11 

45 
10 
19 
14 

2 
177 


56 
48 
8 

23 
9 

7 
6 

1 
64 


73 

70 
3 

20 
1 

11 
8 

77 


40 
40 

2 
..... 

1 

36 


154 

147 

7 

45 
10 
28 

7 


4S 

39 

6 

25 
10 
9 
6 


66 
65 

1 

17 


43 
43 

3 




Full tribal 




173 


71 


336 


152 


118 




MLxed tribal (two tribes) 


65 




Full blood 




Mixed blood (white and 


702 

652 

45 

5 

52 
49 

14 
20 

6 

9 

2 
1 

1 
105 


398 

368 

29 

1 

21 
19 

6 
9 

1 

3 

1 
1 


164 
140 
23 

1 

11 

10 

5 
3 

1 

1 

i 


163 

157 

6 


71 
71 


304 

284 

16 

4 

31 
30 

8 
11 

5 

6 

1 


130 
113 
13 

4 

22 
22 

8 
5 

5 
4 


108 

105 

3 


65 


Less than one-half white. 
Hallwhite, half Indian. . . 
More than one-half white. 
Unknown proportions 
("Mexican ' mixture) 




65 


16 
1 


3 


MLxed tribal (two tribes). 
Tribal blood of one par- 




MLxed blood 


10 
9 

1 
6 




9 

8 




178 


75 


68 


35 




Chemehuevi 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 

w-hite 

Halfwhite, half Indian 
More than one-halt 




Full blood 


315 

297 
18 

40 
39 

14 

17 

6 

2 

1 

1,171 


156! 

144 
12 

21 
21 

8 
11 

1 
1 


54 

51 
3 

10 
10 

7 

1 

1 
1 


67 

63 

4 

10 
10 

1 
9 


35 

30 

5 

1 
1 

'""i 


159 

153 

6 

19 

IS 

6 
6 

5 

1 
1 

5S1 


61 

57 

4 

14 
14 

5 
3 

5 
1 

256 


63 

62 

1 

5 
4 

1 
3 


35 
34 

1 


■■■'6 








MLxed tribal (two tribes). 




Mixed blood 


Unknown proportions 
("Mexican" mLx- 


2 
1 




2 

1 




WTiite and Indian 




Less than one-half 


Negro and Indian (half 

Negro, half Indian) 

Negro,white, and Indian 




Half white, half Indian 




More than one-half 
white 






1 

55 


26 


1 
23 




Unknown proportions 
("Me-xican" mix- 










Keen River 

Full blood . . 


50 


27 


18 


5 




Either white or Negro 






1 
228 


S9 






77 
68 
8 

1 

28 
19 
5 

4 
1,448 


33 

30 

2 

1 

17 
10 
4 

3 
688 


15 
13 
1 

1 

12 

7 
4 

1 
319 


13 
12 

1 


5 
5 


44 

38 

6 


21 
16 
5 


17 

16 

1 


5 




590 


295 


217 


71 




Full tribal 


5 


Comanche 


MLxed tribal (two tribes). . 
Tribal blood of one par- 




Full blood 

Full tribal 


736 

690 

24 

21 

3 

22 

407 
399 

119 

85 

48 

'% 

2 
1 
4 

1 

2S 

11 


362 

339 

11 

8 

3 

12 

214 
211 

62 
51 

26 

72 
1 


1S3 

135 

9 

6 

3 

9 

134 
132 

43 
24 

23 

42 
1 

1 


151 

147 

1 

1 


52 

51 

1 

1 


374 

351 

13 

13 


12S 

114 

10 

10 


165 

158 

2 

2 


75 
73 

1 
1 


ent vmkno^vn 

MLxed blood (white and 


5 
3 




11 
9 

1 

1 
760 


5 
4 

1 

331 


6 
5 














Halfwhite, half Indian. . . 

More than one-half white 

Unknown proportions 

("Mexican" mixtare). 

Mono 




Three or more tribes. . . 




3 

61 
60 

14 
20 

3 

23 


18 
18 

6 
7 

6 


10 

193 
188 

57 
34 

22 

75 
2 

1 
1 
2 

1 

14 

6 


4 

122 
119 

35 
24 

16 

44 

1 

1 
2 

6 
4 


5 

68 
56 

20 
5 

6 

25 

1 


1 

11 
11 

2 
5 

4 




Tribal blood of one par- 


2 

277 


86 


1 
318 




Mixed blood 




White and Indian 

Less than one-half 


100 


Full blood 




white 

Half white, half Indian . 
More than one-half 


1,215 

1,155 

56 

48 
8 

4 

223 

62 

144 

9 

8 

10 

37 


564 

531 

30 

25 

5 

3 

118 

30 

80 

4 

4 

6 

18 


235 

213 

22 

17 

5 

83 
27 
50 
3 

3 

1 

6 


241 

233 

5 

5 


85 
82 
3 
3 


651 

624 

26 

23 

3 

1 

105 

32 

64 

5 

4 

4 

19 


259 

242 

16 

13 

3 

1 

72 
24 

39 

1 

4 


284 

277 

7 

7 


99 




96 




3 






3 






Three or more tribes . . . 
Tribal blood of one par- 




and "Mexican"* 
mixture 


3 

31 

2 
27 

1 

1 

I 

e 


1 
1 

6 






Negro and Indian 

Le^ than one-half 








Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 


31 
6 
25 




Half Negro, half Indian 
Negro.white.and Indian. . 
Either white or Negro 






1 






2 


1 


1 




Less than one-half white 
Halfwhite, halt Indian. . . 
More than one-halt whit© 
Unknown proportions, 
and"Mexican" mixture 


1 


1 
5 

2 


3 






14 
5 


8 
4 


5 


1 
1 






Blood not reported 


3 
7 




Gabeieleno 






Mixed blood: 


10 

1 

2,009 


4 
1 

1,061 


4 






6 


4 


2 




7 


Full blood: 
Full tribal 




Less than one-half white. 
More than one-half white. 




..... 
95 


34 
3 

780 


16 
2 

413 


4 
2 

176 


e 


6 


18 

1 

367 


4 
] 

164 


7 




516 


449 


948 


489 


377 


81 


7 




Mixed tribal (two tribes) . 
Paiute 




Hopi 


16S 


67 


142 




Full blood 


2,006 

1,995 

10 

1 
3 


1,059 
1,053 

1 

2 


514 

509 

4 

1 
2 


449 

448 

1 


95 
95 


947 

942 

5 


489 

486 

3 


376 

374 

2 


81 
81 


59 


Full tribal 


MLxed tribal (two tribes) 
Tribal blood of one par- 


Full blood 


674 

656 

15 

3 


357 

346 

9 

2 


15a 

14S 


13' 
135 

; 


61 

60 

1 




317 

310 

6 

1 


131 
12! 


12S 
124 


56 


Full tribal 


56 


MLxed blood (half white, 
half Indian) 






1 




1 




Mixed tribal (two tribes). 
Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unknown 






1 Totals include persons of unknown age. 



144 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



INDIANS IN EACH STOCK AND TRIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 

PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



Table 5 1— Continued. 



TBIBE AND MIXTUKE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 
sexes. 




HALE. 




■ 


FEMALE. 




Un- 


20 


51 




Un- 


20 


To- 


der 


to 


yrs. 


To- 


der 


to 




tal.' 


20 


50 


and 


tal.i 


20 


50 






yrs. 


yrs. 


over. 




yrs. 


yrs. 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



SHOSHONEAN STOCK— Continued. 



Patote— Continued 
Mixed blood 


78 
77 

21 

35 

12 

9 
1 

28 
10 


40 
40 

11 
22 

2 

5 


19 
19 

7 

5 


17 
17 

3 
13 

1 


3 
3 

1 
2 


38 
37 

10 
13 

10 

4 
1 

12 

8 


28 
27 

7 
7 

10 

3 

1 

5 
3 


8 
8 

1 
6 




White and Indian 

Less than one-half 


2 


Half white, half Indian . 
More than one-halt 




Unknown proportions 
("Mexican" mLx- 


1 




Negro, white, and Indian. 










16 
2 


4 


8 
2 


3 


6 
4 




Panamint 


1 




Full blood (full tribal) 

MLxed blood (halt white. 


9 

1 

3,038 


2 




2 




7 

1 

1,555 


3 

575 


3 

I 
696 


1 


PA^qOTSO . 


1,483 


574 


614 


261 


2.54 




Full blood 


2,664 

2,598 

65 

58 

7 

1 

227 
215 

85 
110 

18 

2 
10 

7 
3 

2 

147 

467 


1,296 

1,264 

31 

27 

4 

1 

112 
106 

39 

57 

8 

2 
5 

4 

1 

1 
75 

239 


486 

467 

19 

15 

4 

77 
71 

32 
32 

6 

I 

4 
1 

1 

11 

107 


562 

553 

S 

8 


245 
241 

4 
4 


1,368 

1,334 

34 

31 

3 


485 

458 

17 

15 

2 


634 

622 

12 

11 

1 


244 

239 

5 








Three or more tribes. . . 




Tribal blood of one par- 


1 

33 
33 

6 
24 

o 
1 








2 
2 

1 
1 


115 
109 

46 
53 

10 


78 
74 

39 

26 

9 


35 
33 

6 
26 

1 


2 
2 

1 
1 


White and Indian 

Less than one - half 


Half white, half Indian. 
More than one-half 


UnJviiown proportions, 
and '* Mexican " 




Negro and Indian 




5 

3 

2 

1 

72 

228 


3 
3 

1 
12 

109 


2 




Less than one -half 








Half Xecro, half Indian . 






2 




Other races and Indian 
(Chinese) 








Blood not reported 

San Luiseno 


19 
95 


14 
36 


27 
83 


8 
34 


Full blood. . . 


351 

339 

7 

5 

115 

44 

30 

6 

35 

1 

lis 


17S 

171 

3 

4 

60 
25 
17 
2 

16 

1 

62 


69 
66 

3 

38 
23 
6 
2 

7 
26 


75 
72 
2 

1 

19 
2 
9 


33 

32 

1 

3 
..... 


173 

168 

4 

1 

55 
19 
13 

4 

19 


70 

65 

4 

1 

39 
13 
7 
2 

17 


68 
68 


34 
34 




Mixed tribal (two tribes). 


Tribal blood of one par- 






Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 


15 
6 
5 
2 

2 




Less than one-half white. 
Half white, half Indian. . 
More than one-half white. 




Unknown proportions 
("Mexican" mL\-ture).. 

Blood not reported 


8 
1 

25 


1 






11 


56 


26 


21 


9 




Full blood 


89 
87 

1 

1 

28 
9 
6 
5 

8 

1 


47 
45 

1 

1 

14 
4 

5 
2 

3 

1 


17 
16 


19 
19 


11 
10 

1 


42 
42 


16 
16 


17 
17 


9 
9 


Full tribal 


Mi.xed tribal (two tribes). 


Tribal blooil of one par- 
ent unknown 


1 

9 
4 
3 

2 












Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 


5 





14 
5 
1 
3 

5 


10 
5 

2 

3 


4 




Less than one-halt wliite. 




Halt white, half Indian.. 

More than one-half white. 

Unknown proportions 

("Mexican ' mixture). 

Blood not reported 


2 

2 

1 
1 




1 
1 

2 





TRIBE AND MIXTtHlE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 
sexes. 



To- 
tal.! 



Un- 
der 
20 

yrs. 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



To- 
tal.! 



Un- 
der 
20 

yrs. 



51 
yra. 
and 



SHOSHONEAN STOCK— Continued. 





3,840 


1,967 


822 


8'27 


316 


1,873 


764 


777 


326 




Full blood 


3,3-29 

3,224 

103 

2 

505 
504 

132 
207 

117 

48 
1 
6 

2 


1,699 

1,632 

67 


670 

623 

47 


718 

703 

15 


309 

304 

5 


1,630 

1,592 

36 

2 

241 
241 

62 
97 

59 

23 


599 
573 
26 

165 
165 

54 
47 

43 

21 


704 

697 

6 

1 

71 
71 

8 
46 

16 
1 


321 

316 

4 


Full tribal .... 


Mixed tribal (two tril>es)- 
Tribal blood of one par- 


Mixed blood. 


264 
263 

70 
110 

58 

25 
1 
4 

2 


151 
150 

56 
41 

37 

16 

1 
1 

1 


106 
106 

14 
64 

20 

8 


7 
7 

1 
1 


5 
5 


White and Indian 

Less than one- halt 
white 


Halt white, halt Indian. 
More than one -halt 


4 


Unknown proportions, 
and " Mexican " 




Ne^o and Indian (halt 
Negro, half Indian) . 




B lood not reported 

Tehachapi 


3 

1 




2 




2 
















Full blood (full tribal) 


2 
2,24! 


2 

1,211 


1 

534 


1 

475 












Ute . . . 


187 


1,033 


472 


410 


140 






Full blood 


2,112 

2,088 

20 

19 

1 

4 

112 
94 

10 

4 

33 

t 

5 
3i 
10 

20 


1,144 

1,132 

11 

11 


499 

491 

8 

8 


451 

447 

3 

3 


185 

185 




968 

936 

9 

8 

1 

3 

56 
48 

7 
21 

18 

2 

4 

3 

1 
4 

9 


426 

415 

8 

8 


390 
396 


140 


Full tribal 


140 


Mixed tribal 




Two tribes . 












Tribal blood of one par- 


1 

56 

46 

3 

24 

15 

4 
4 

2 
2 
6 

11 


33 
26 

3 
10 

9 

4 
3 

1 

2 

4 

2 


1 

20 
18 


1 


3 

44 
38 

7 
13 

16 

2 
3 

2 
1 
3 

2 










11 
9 





While and I ndian 

Less than one - half 
white 




Halfwhire, hall Indian. 

More than one -half 

white 


14 
4 




8 
1 




Unknown proportions, 
(" Mexican'' mix- 
ture). . 




Negro and Indian 

Less than one -halt 




1 

1 


1 
1 




Half Xegro, half Indian. 
Negro, white, and Indian. 

Blood not reported 




2 

4 


1 


1 
3 





SIOtJAN STOCK. 



Total 32,941 16,541 7,729 6,153 2,619 16,4001 7,486 5,804'3, 068 



Full blood 

Piu"e stock 

Mixed stock (two stocks). 
Stock in part unknown. . 



MLxed blood 

White and Indian 

Less than one -halt 

white 

Halfwhite.halt Indian. 
More than one - half 

white 

L^nknown proportions, 
and "Mexican" 

mixture 

Negro and Indian 

Less than one -half 

Negro 

Half Negro,halt Indian. 
More than one -half 

Negro 

Negro, while, and Indi.in. 
Either white or Negro 

and Indian 

Mixture unknown 



Blood not reported. 



22,535 

21,438 

256 

841 

9,905 
9,672 

3.022 
3,114 

3,320 



216 
50 



11,157 

10,579 

142 

436 

5,133 
5,004 

1,564 
1,609 

1,717 



114 
32 



32 



4,468 

4,078 

69 

321 

3,149 
3,080 

1,15; 
691 

1,163 



112 



4,356 2,301 
4,215 2,254 



41i 



1,709 
1,660 



369 

752 



501 



S8 



268 
257 



42 
164 



50 



11,378 

10,859 

114 

405 

4,772 
4,668 



4,318 4,253,2,774 
3,967 4,134 2,726 



60 
291 



30 



3,072 1,456 
3,0121,421 



1,458; I 1,120 
1,505 I 705 

1,603 1,120 



102 
18 



96 



305 
646 



95 



24 
24 



235 
226 



30 
151 



40 



! Totals include persons of unknown age. 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



145 



INDIANS IN EACH STOCK AND TRIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 

PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



Table 51— Continued. 


Both 
sexes. 


MALE. 


FEMALE. 


TRIBE AND MIXTtTRE OF 
BLOOD. 


Both 
sexes. 


MALE. 


FEMALE. 


TBffiE AND MIXTtntE OF 
BLOOD. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
50 
yrs. 


51 
yrs 
and 
over. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 

yrs. 


20 
to 
50 
yrs. 


51 

yrs 
and 
over. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 

der 
20 

yrs. 


20 

to 
50 

yrs. 


61 
yrs 
and 
aver. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 

50 
yrs. 


51 
yrs 
and 
over. 


SIOTTAN 8TOCK- 


-Continued 










SIOTTAN 8TOCK- 


-Continued 










AssiNiBom 


1,253 


643 


300 


239 


104 


610 


245 


220 


145 


Kansa 


238' 


133 


73 


49 


9 


105 


81 


18 


6 




793 

762 

30 

28 

2 

1 

447 

441 

72 
203 

166 

6 

13 

124 


393 

378 

14 

13 

1 
1 

244 
243 

40 
116 

87 

1 

6 

68 


132 

124 

8 

8 

167 
167 

36 
62 

69 

1 
43 


163 

158 

4 

\ 

1 

73 

72 

4 
51 

17 

1 

3 

18 


98 
96 
2 
2 


400 

384 

16 

15 

1 


118 
107 
11 
11 


147 

142 

5 

4 

1 


135 
135 




Fullblood 


71 

66 

5 

167 
15 
35I 

115 
2 

209 


46 

42 

4 

87 

7 

22 

57 

1 

107 


19 
16 
3 

54 
3 
8 

43 

51 


20 

19 

1 

29 
3 
13 

'I 
35 


5 
5 

4 

1 
1 
2 

20 


25 

24 

1 

1 
80 
8 
13 

58 

1 

102 


12 
11 
1 

69 

8 
10 

50 

1 

43 


8 
8 


5 




Fulltribal 


5 




MLxed tribal (two tribes). . 
MLxed blood (white and 






10 




Three or more tribes. . . 
Tribal blood of one par- 




Less than one-half white. 
Half white, half Indian. 
More than one-half white 
Unknown proportions . . . 

M.ANDAN 




Mixfld blood 


4 

4 

1 

2 

7 


203 
198 

32 

87 

79 
5 

7 

56 


124 

120 

29 
31 

60 

4 

3 

33 


72 
71 

3 
49 

19 

1 

1 

15 


7 

7 

..... 

3 

7 


2 
8 


1 


Wtite and Indian 

Less than one-half 




32 




Haltwhite.half Indian. 
More than one-half 


27 


Fullblood 




165 

79 

86 

81 

5 

44 

30 

10 

4 

13 


80 
35 
45 

44 

1 

27 
19 
6 

2 

8 


30 

5 

25 

25 

21 
16 
3 

2 

2 


30 
13 
17 

'\ 

5 
3 
2 


19 
16 
3 
3 

1 
..... 


85 
44 
41 

37 
4 

17 
11 
4 
2 

5 


31 

9 

22 

19 

3 

12 
« 
3 

1 


27 
14 
13 
12 

1 

5 
2 
1 
2 

2 


27 


Negro and Indian (half 
Negro, half Indian) 


Fulltribal 


21 


Mixed tribal 


6 


Two tribes 


g 


Blood not reported 


Three or more tribes. . . 

MLxed blood (white and 
Indian) 




Catawba 




FuU blood (fuU tribal) 


11 

113 
64 
13 
33 

3 

1,799 


6 

62 

33 

7 

19 

3 

903 


43 

23 

2 

15 

3 

388 


4 

14 
7 
3 

4 


2 

5 
3 
2 


5 

51 

31 

6 

14 


33 
23 
2 

S 


2 

13 
6 
2 

5 


2 

5 
2 
2 

1 


Less than one-half white. 
Half white, half Indian. . 
More than one-half white. 




Mixed blood (white and 


5 


1 




Less than one-half white.. 


2 


Half white, half Indian.. 


Fullblood 




More than one half white. 


8 
3 
S 

5 

1,105 


5 
2 
3 

3 

566 


1 

i 

1 

300 


3 

1 
2 

2 

195 


1 
1 

70 


3 
1 
2 

2 

539 




1 


2 


Unknown proportions 


Full tribal 


1 


(" Mexican " mixture). . 
Crow 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 
Mixed blood (less than one- 


1 
281 


1 
1 

192 




349 


165 


896 


359 


327 


209 








Full blood 


1,242 

1,178 

64 

55 

9 

396 

372 

66 
195 

IM 

9 

2 

7 

1 

14 

161 

547 


616 

581 

35 

31 

4 

202 
188 

29 
101 

55 

3 

7 

2 
5 
1 
6 

85 

288 


209 

192 

17 

15 

2 

141 

133 

29 
54 

4S 

2 
4 

2 

\ 

e 

3J 

17C 


270 

262 

8 

« 

2 

54 
51 


136 

126 

10 

10 

4 
4 


626 

597 

29 

24 

5 

194 
184 

37 
94 

49 
\ 


200 

181 

19 

15 

4 

130 
127 

35 
48 

41 

3 

1 


242 

237 

5 

4 

1 

57 
53 

2 
43 

8 
..... 


183 

178 

5 

5 

7 
4 

..... 
1 


Omaha 




Fulltribal 




Mixed tribal 


64 




Fullblood 






885 

877 

8 

144 
38 
32 
74 

76 
1,373 


449 

443 

6 

80 
23 
19 
38 

37 
713 


222 

217 

5 

57 
16 
8 
33 

21 
410 


162 
162 

21 
7 
9 
5 

12 
247 


64 

63 

1 

2 
'""2 

4 

52 


436 

434 

2 

64 
15 
13 
36 

39 
660 


214 

212 

2 

47 
15 
9 
23 

20 
385 


102 
162 


58 




Full tribal . . . 


58 


Mixed blood 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 

Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 




■\Miite and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white 


15 


2 


Half white, half Indian. 

More than one-half 

white 


-. .. 

43 

7 
1 

a 


4 


Less than one-half white. 
Half white, half Indian. . . 
More than one-half white. 

B lood not reported 




3 
12 

15 
220 


1 
1 


Unknown proportions, 
and "Mexican" 


4 


mixture 






Negro and Indian 


54 




Fullblood 




Half Ne^o.half Indian. 


a 




2 


1 


1 




591 

583 

8 

7 

1 

779 
759 

39 
84 

632 
4 

10 
10 

3 
332 


307 

302 

5 

5 


140 

137 

3 

3 


132 
131 

1 

1 


35 

34 

1 

1 


284 

281 

3 

2 

1 

373 
365 

15 
34 

315 

1 

4 
4 

3 
151 


128 

126 

2 

1 

1 

256 
249 

11 
26 

211 
1 

4 
3 

1 
73 


121 

120 
1 
1 


35 


Fulltribal 


35 








8 

76 

259 


2 
29 
137 


3 
28 
81 


3 

19 
36 








25 

83 


25 
34 


Two tribes 






Three or more tribes . . . 
MLxed blood 






406 
394 

24 
50 

317 
3 

6 
6 


270 
263 

16 
37 

208 
2 

2 
5 


115 
110 

7 
9 

93 

1 

4 

1 


17 

17 

1 
3 

13 


97 
97 

4 
6 

87 


19 




White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white 


18 


Full blood 


418 
235 
182 
153 
29 

1 

129 
65 
43 
21 

244 


228 

132 

96 

80 

16 


12S 
6C 
6S 
52 

le 


67 
44 
23 
23 


32 
'5 


190 
103 
86 
73 
13 

1 

69 
30 
27 
12 

117 


88 
29 
58 
47 
11 

1 

49 
27 
11 
11 

65 


64 
44 
20 
IS 
2 


35 

27 
8 
8 


Fulltribal 




Mixed tribal 


Half white, half Indian . 
More than one-half 
white.. 


2 






Three or more tribes . 


16 


Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unknown 






Unknown proportions . 
Either white or Negro 










60 

35 

16 

9 

127 


42 
3C 

e 
e 

72 


le 

£ 
S 
2 

44 


2 
..... 

1 

11 


17 

3 
13 

1 

42 


1 
..... 

9 




Mixed blood (white and 


MLxture unknown 

Blood not reported 


2 
62 


1 


Less th Lin one-half wh ite . 




Half white, half Indian.. 
More than one-half white . 


181 


% 


64 


19 


15 


Iowa 


Tnll hlnoH 






211 
185 
23 

3 

121 
114 

76 
16 

22 

7 


112 
98 
12 

2 

69 
65 

45 
8 


59 
48 
10 

1 

37 
34 

24 
2 

8 
3 


39 

37 

1 

1 

25 
24 

17 
3 

4 
1 


13 
13 

6 
6 

3 
3 


99 
87 
11 

1 

52 
49 

31 

8 

10 
3 


40 

30 

9 

1 

33 
32 

20 
4 

8 
1 


45 
43 
2 


14 


Fullblood 


59 
34 
25 

185 
183 

46 

35 

99 
3 

Q 


31 

17 
14 

96 
94 

27 
19 

47 

1 
2 


12 

2 
IC 

6C 
6C 

2C 

1 

34 

1 


14 
11 

3 

3C 
2S 

7 
IC 

12 


5 
4 

6 
5 

■■••4 

1 


28 
17 
11 

89 
89 

19 
16 

52 

2 


9 
3 
6 

66 
56 

11 

3 

40 
2 


14 
11 
3 

2S 
28 

8 
10 

10 


5 
3 
2 

4 
4 

1 


Full tribal 


14 


Fulltribal 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 
Tribal blood of one par- 




Mixed tribal (two tribes). 




MLxed blood 




17 
15 

9 
4 

2 
2 






1 


Less than one-half 
white 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white. 


1 


Half white, half Indian 


1 


More than one-half 


Half white, half Indian . 
More than one-half 
white 




Unknown proportions. 




Mixture unkno\ra 


1 


i 






MLxture unknown 






67090°— 1.5- 



I Totals include persona of unknown age. 



146 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



INDIANS IN EACH STOCK AND TKIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 
INDlAJNb IN J!.AUU Q1UI.JY A PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910-Contmued. 



Table 61— Continued. 



TBQE AND MIXTURE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 
sexes. 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



51 

JTS. 

and 
over. 



To- 
tal.i 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



20 
to 
50 
yrs. 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



SIOUAN STOCK— Continued. 



PONCA. 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

Mixed tribal (two tribes). 



Mbted blood 

White and Indian 

Less than one - half 

white 

Half white, half Indian 
More than one - half 

white 

Unknown proportions. 

Either white or Negro 

and Indian 



Blood not reported.. 



QUAPAW.. 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

MLxed tribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes . . . 



Mixed blood 

White and Indian 

Less than one - half 

white 

Halfwhite, half Indian. 
More than one - half 

white 

Unknown proportions. 
Either white or Negro 

and Indian 

Mixture unknown 



Blood not reported. . 



Santee Sioux., 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

MLxed tribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes. . . 
Tribal blood of one par^ 

ent unknown 



MLxed blood 

White and Indian 

Less than one - half 

white 

Halfwhite, half Indian. 
More than one - half 

white 

Negro and Indian 

Less than one - half 

Negro 

Half Negro ,half Indian . 
Negro, white, and Indian . 
Either white or Negro 

and Indian 

Mixture unknown 



Sioux. 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

Mixed tribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes. . 

Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unknown 



Mixed blood 

White and Indian 

Less than one - half 

white 

Half white, half Indian , 
More than one -half 

white 

Unknown proportions, 
and " Mexican " 

mixture 

Negro and Indian (half 

Negro, half Indian) 

Mixture unknown , 



Blood not reported.. 



875 



461 

455 

6 

408 
369 

160 
64 

72 
73 

39 

6 

231 



432 



63 
31 
32 
25 
7 

118 
116 

4 
22 

81 



50 



1,539 



799 

672 

125 

89 

36 



740 
714 



286 
160 



268 
11 



494 

441 

60 

37 

13 



477 
474 



187 
198 



224, 

222 

2 

205 

185 

72 
34 

42 
37 

20 

3 

115 



220 162 



782 



385 

319 

65 

46 

19 



397 
381 



154 

82 



145 
9 



552 



271 

248 

21 

15 

6 



269 
266 



44 
112 



103 



127 
116 



32 



50 



380 



168 

124 

33 

16 

17 



222 
214 



102 
19 



93 



133 
109 
24 
23 
1 



141 
136 



148 
148 



248 



140 
132 



106 
103 



34 



237 

233 

4 

203 
184 



30 
36 

19 

3 

116 



128 



242 154 47 



142 
129 



SI 



1 

24 

757 



414 

353 

60 

43 

17 



343 
333 



132 

78 



123 
2 



444 



27 



364 



145 

118 

27 

13 

14 



223 

193 

29 

22 

7 



208 



95 



219 
214 



146 

131 

14 

11 

3 



215 



124 
124 



123 

104 

19 

19 



60 



TRIBE AND MI.XTUBE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 
sexes. 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



yrs. 
and 



To- 
tal.! 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



20 
to 
50 
yrs. 



yrs. 
and 



SIOUAN STOCK— Continued. 



SISSETON SlOUX 


2,514 


1,278 


566 


500 


211 


1,236 


542 


429 


262 


Full blood 


1,631 

1,394 

228 

184 

44 

9 

876 
863 

354 
346 

157 

6 

1 

12 

7 
14,284 


801 
665 
131 
105 
26 

5 

474 
469 

186 
191 

90 
2 


289 
221 
63 
44 
19 

5 

276 
273 

130 
84 

57 
2 


329 

287 

42 

36 

6 


182 

156 

26 

25 

1 


830 

729 

97 

79 

18 

4 

402 
394 

168 
155 

67 
4 

1 
7 

4 

7,184 


271 
219 
50 

■ 37 

■ 13 

2 

269 
263 

127 
90 

43 
3 
1 
5 

2 
3,152 


315 

2S5 

29 

24 

5 

1 

113 
111 

34 

65 

21 

1 


241 


Full tribal 


222 


Mixed tribal 


18 


Two tribes 


18 


Three or more tribes 

Tribal blood of one par- 


1 


Miyed blood . . . • 


169 

167 

49 
90 

2S 


29 
29 

7 
17 

5 


20 


White and Indian 

Less than one -half 
white 


20 

7 


Halfwhite, half Indian. 

More than one -half 

white 


10 
3 


Unknown proportions. 
Negro, white, and Indian. 
Mixture unknown 

Blood not reported 

Teton Sioux 










5 
3 

7,100 


3 
1 

3,235 


2 
2 

2,652 


1,205 


2 
1 

2,585 


1 
1,435 


Full blood 

Full tribal 


10,598 

9,747 

772 

379 

393 

79 

3,551 
3,608 

1,142 
1,277 

995 

94 
12 

7 

5 

21 

7 
3 

133 

806 


5,2.35 

4,790 

411 

199 

212 

34 

1,796 
1,768 

584 
626 

505 

53 
9 

4 
5 
14 

5 


2,121 

1,862 

242 

81 

161 

17 
1,086 
1,069 

451 
266 

323 

29 
2 

2 

""ii 

3 


2,0OS 

1,873 

125 

76 

49 

10 

614 
600 

125 
288 

170 

23 

5 

2 
3 
2 

1 


1,101 

1,050 

44 

42 

2 

7 

94 
91 

8 
71 

12 

..... 

■■■■2 

1 


5,363 

4,957 

361 

180 

181 

45 

1,755 
1,740 

558 
651 

490 

41 
3 

3 


2,055'l,979 
1,823 1,808 


1,318 
1,255 




210 
73 
137 

22 

1,075 
1,067 

437 
282 

322 

20 
2 

2 


100 
62 
38 

11 

581 
576 

114 
288 

161 

13 
1 

1 


51 


Two tribes 


45 


Three or more tribes — 
Tribal blood of one par- 


6 
12 


Mtxed blood 


98 


White and Indian 

Less than one - half 
white 


96 
7 


Halfwhite, half Indian. 

More than one - half 

white 

Unknown proportions, 
and '*Mexican"mi,x- 


80 

7 

2 


Negro and Indian 

Less than one - half 




Half NetTo.half Indian. 
Nepro, white, and Indian. 
Either white or Negro 




7 

2 
3 

66 
391 


4 

1 
1 

22 

160 


3 

1 

25 
144 




Mixture unknown 

Blood not reported 

BtuIc Sioux 


2 


69 

415 


28 

182 


30 

158 


10 

75 


19 

87 






593 
441 
145 
128 
17 

7 

212 

200 

40 
63 

96 

1 

I 

10 

1 

1 

1,072 


300 

222 

77 

67 

10 

1 

115 
108 

27 
30 

50 

1 

1 
6 


116 
81 
35 

1 


113 

86 
27 
24 
3 


71 
55 
15 
14 
1 

1 

4 
4 

1 
3 


293 

219 

68 

61 

7 

6 

97 
92 

13 
33 

46 


103 
64 
38 
37 

1 

1 

57 
54 

11 
11 

32 


109 

85 

22 

16 

6 

2 

35 
33 

2 
18 

13 


81 


Full tribal 


70 


Mixed tribal 


8 




8 


Three or more tribes 

Tribal blood of one par- 


3 


Mixed blood . . 


66 
62 

19 
13 

30 
4 


45 
42 

7 
14 

20 

1 

1 
S 


S 


White and Indian 

Less than one - half 


S 


Half white, half Indian. 

More than one - half 

white 


4 
1 


Unknown proportions 
("Me.xican" mix- 




Negro and Indian (less 

than one-half Negro). . . 

Negro, white, and Indian 

Mixture unknown 

Blood not reported 

Hurikpapa Sioui . . . 
Full blood 














4 

1 

1 
547 


1 


S 














1 


525 


211 


23- 


77 


23: 


! 20- 


IDS 


954 
453 
468 
341 
12S 

3: 

10' 
4f 
4' 
1< 


471 
204 

250 

186 
65 

n 

5C 
25 
It 


17- 
5£ 

US 
6f 
4-1 

It 

3- 
2 




21< 
IK 

lo: 
8; 

2( 

; 

1' 

1 


7o 

3e 

3S 
34 

1 

4 

i 

.... 

! i 

.... 

1.... 


483 
248 
218 
166 
63 

IJ 
5S 

a 

2C 

IC 


18' 
6 

11. 
6 
4 

4 

2, 


) 19 
12, 

i 6 
5 

) 

) 

) ■ 1 

i .... 
» 1 

I 

i 


103 


Full tribal 


59 


Mixed tribal 


) 41 




J 36 


Three or more tribes. . . 
Tribal blood of one par- 


) S 
) 3 


Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 


> 4 


Less than one-half white 
Half white, half Indian . . 
More than one-half white 

Blood not reported 


1 
) 2 
2 1 

1 1 



I Totals include persons of unknown age. 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



347 



TNniANS I\ E\Cn STOCK AND TRIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCOBDING TO SEX AND AGE 
■ ' PERIODS, 1?Y MIXTURE OP BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



Table 51 — Continued. 



TBIBE AND 5IIXTDRE OP 
BLOOD. 



Both 
se.\es. 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over, 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



20 
to 
50 
yrs. 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



SIOUAN STOCK— Continued. 



Minniconjou, Siou-z.. 



Full blood 

FuUtribal 

Mixed tribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes. . . 

Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unlaiown 



Mixed blood (white and 

Indian) 

Less than one-half white. 
Half white, half Indian. . 
More than one-half white. 

Blood not reported. 



Oglala Siouz. 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

Mixed tribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes. . . 
Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unlcnown 



Mixed blood 

White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white 

Half white, half Indian . 
More than one-half 

white 

Unknown proportions 
and "Mexican" mix- 
ture 

Negro and Indian 

Less than one-half 

Negro 

Half. N"egro, half Indian. 
Negro, white, and Indian. 
Eitner white or Negro 

and Indian 

Mixture imknown 



Blood not reported. 



Sans Arc Sioux. 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

Mixed tribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes 

Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 

Less than one-halfwhite 
Half white, half Indian. . 
More than one-half white 

Blood not reported 



Sihasapa. 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

Mixed tribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes. . , 
Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unknown 



Mixed blood 

White and Indian 

Less than one-half 

white 

Half white, half Indian. 
More than one-half 

white 

Negro and Indian 

Less than one-half 

Negro 

Half Negro, half Indian 
Mixture unknown 



Blood not reported. 



397 



353 
142 
197 
154 
43 



6.045 



4,I6Si 

3,744 

405 

302 

103 

19 

1,794 
1,770 

512 

63S 

534 



152 
22 
44 



333 
122 
206 
143 
63 



143 

140 



160 
55 

105 
81 
24 



3,018 



2.094 

1,849 

237 

178 

59 



260 
298 



45 



243 



1,438 



165 
55 

109 
71 
38 



734 
139 
91 

48 



541 
533 



20; 
135 



29 



64 46 



,117 



789 

723 

62 

51 

11 



310 
307 



92 



32 



20 



102 



460 



18; 

8: 

92 
73 
19 



3,027 



2,074 

1,895 

168 

124 

44 

11 

915 
909 

252 
340 

276 



3 
2 

1,372 



1 

6 
2 

4 
1,105 



804 
693 
106 
72 
34 



555 
552 



191 
159 



168 

6: 

97 
72 
25 



782 

743 

37 

28 



310 
30S 



31 



99 



07 



485 

456 

25 

24 

1 



53 



TRIBE AND MIXTURE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 
sexes. 


MALE. 


FEMALE. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 

iiO 

yrs. 


51 
yrs 
and 

over. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 

yrs. 


20 
to 
50 
yrs. 



51 

yrs. 
and 
over. 



SIO'UAN' STOCK— Continued. 



Two Kettle Siouz 


293 


169 


73 


57 


39 


124 


57 


48 


19 


Full blood 


143| 
55 

87 i 
691 
18; 

1 

146 
145 

65 
61 

29 

1 
4 

1,820 


79 
34 
45 
38 


24 
9 

15 
8 
7 


29 
13 
16 
16 


26 
12 
14 
14 


64 
21 
42 
31 
11 

1 

58 
58 

20 
24 

14 


22 
3 

19 
8 

11 


27 
11 
16 
16 


IS 


Full tribal 


7 


Mixed tribal 


7 




7 


Three or more tribes. . . 
Tribal blood of one par- 










1 


Mixed blood 


1 
88 
87 

35I 

37j 

15 

^ 
2' 

91s 


49 
49 

26 
11 

12 


28 
28 

9 
16 

3 


11 
10 

"io 

1 

2 
133 


35 
35 

16 

10 

9 


20 
20 

4 
11 

5 


3 


White and Indian 

3>ss than one-half 
white 


3 


Half white, half Indian. 
More than one-half 


3 


Negro and Indian (half 
Negro, half Indian) 

Blood not reported 

Winnebago 








2 

902 


413 


1 
343 


1 


417 


353 


138 


Full blood 


1,543 

1,530 

13 

277 
276 

197 
39 

40 

1 

2,088 


769 
761 

8 

149 
149 

102 
22 

25 


332 

326 

6 

85 
85 

58 
10 

17 


300 

298 

2 

53 
53 

36 
11 

7 


122 
122 

11 
11 

9 

1 

1 


774 

769 

5 

128 
127 

95 
17 

16 

1 

1,100 


339 

336 

3 

74 

74 

55 

7 

12 

486 


299 

297 

2 

44 
43 

35 
5 

3 

1 

386 


128 




128 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 


10 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 


10 

5 


Half white, half Indian . 

More than one-half 

^-tiite 


6 


Negro and Indian (half 
Negro, half Indian) 

Yankton Sioux 




98S 


419 


363 


203 


225 


Full blood 


1.348 

1,026 

317 

230 

87 

5 

718 
683 

187 
295 

200 

1 
9 
7 

2 
11 

10 
5 

22 

1,357 


636 
466 
167 
117 

50 

3 

343 

327 

88 
140 

99 


211 
133 
75 
39 
36 

3 

204 
197 

73 
56 

68 


238 
181 
57 
43 
14 


184 
150 
34 
34 


712 
660 
150 
113 
37 

2 

375 

356 

99 
155 

101 

1 
6 
4 

1 
6 

5 
3 

13 

718 


242 

171 

69 

43 

26 

2 

237 
228 

78 
81 

69 


260 

212 

48 

38 

10 


209 


Full tribal 


176 




33 




32 


Three or more tribes. . . 
Tribal blood of one par- 


1 




120 
112 

13 

69 

30 


19 
18 

2 
15 

1 


121 
113 

19 
64 

30 


15 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 


13 

1 


Half white, half Indian . 

More than one-half 

white 


10 
2 


Unknown proportions 
(" Mexican '' mix- 




Negro and Indian 

Half Negro.half Indian . 
More than one-half 


4 
3 

1 
5 

6 
2 

9 
639 


1 

1 

6 

i 

4 

202 


3 
2 

1 




2 
2 

3 

3 
1 

7 
299 


3 
2 

1 
3 

1 
1 

5 
249 


::::: 


Negro, white, and Indian. 
Either white or Negro 




4 

1 

5 
239 


1 
137 


1 


Mixture unknown 

Blood not reported 

Yanktonai Sioux.. 


1 
1 

168 


1,144 
768 
371 
264 
107 

5 
210 
198 

101 

58 

39 

4 
8 

3 


537 
351 
184 
135 
49 

2 

101 
94 

47 
29 

18 
3 

4 

1 


201 
10s 

93 
57 

3e 

61 
5£ 

3E 

7 

13 
1 
1 


203 

144 

57 

4C 

11 

2 

3f 
32 

i 
U 

I 


132 
98 
34 
32 
2 

4 
3 

..... 

1 


607 
417 
187 
129 
58 

3 

109 
104 

54 
29 

21 

1 
4 

2 


221 

116 
IDS 
62 
43 

7S 
74 

44 
12 

IS 

1 

a 


222 

163 

57 

44 

13 

2 

27 
2C 

9 
15 

2 


163 




137 




25 




23 


Three or more tribes. . . 
Tribal blood of one par- 


2 

1 


Mixed blood 


3 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 


3 


Half white, half Indian . 

More than one-half 

white 


2 

1 


Negro, white, and Indian. 
Mixture imknown 

Blood not reported 




1 


2 













' Totals include persons of unknown age. 



148 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



INDIANS IN EACH STOCK AND TRIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 

PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



Table 5 1 — Contmued. 


Both 
exes. 


MALE. 


FEMALE. 


TRIBE -VND MIXTURE OF 
BLOOD. 


Both 
sexes. 


MALE. 


FEMAIj;. 


TBIBE AND MIXTURE OF 

BLOOD. S 


To- 
tal.' 

1 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 

to 
50 
yrs. 


51 

JTS. 

and 
over. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 

yrs. 


20 
to 
50 
yrs. 


51 
yrs 
and 
over. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
50 
yrs. 


51 
yrs 
and 
over. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
50 
yrs. 


51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 


TAKELMAN STOCK. 


TANOAN STOCK— Continued. 


Total 


1 


1 


{ 






! 


i 






San Ildefonso 

Fullblood 


123 


57 


26 


23 


8 


66 


29 


30 


7 


Mixed blood (half white, 


1 


] 








L ' 


i 






118 
104 
14 

S 
387 


55 
49 
6 

2 
205 


25 

21 

4 

1 
90 


22 
20 
2 

1 
89 


8 
8 

25 


63 

55 

8 

3 

182 


28 
23 
5 

1 
89 


29 

26 

3 

1 
77 


A 


Full tribal 


fi 










1 






Mixed tribal (two tribes). 

Mixed blood (unknown 
proportions, ''Mexican" 




TANOAN STOCK. 




1 


Total 


3,14C 


1,63C 


667 


74 


) 22 


2 1,50 


! 722 


61 


8 163 






Full blood 


3,00. 

2,89; 
9( 
1- 

10 

3e 
2; 

4( 

3-) 


1,56. 
1,515 

4f 

7 

5: 

2 

1 

1 

1< 
1 


629 

606 

19 

4 

34 

16 

7 



t 11 

) 4 


72 
69 
2- 

1 


! 21 
I 21 

) 

.... 

i.... 

i 


2 1,44 

2 ■ 1,38 

5 

1 

! 4 

2 1 

1 

2 
1 


3 685 
) 643 
) 35 
) 7 

S 31 

5 13 

1 4 

2 2 

1 12 

5 6 


59 
58 

1 

1 


S 156 
1 155 

4 1 
3 

5 3 

I 1 

B 1 


San Juan 

"Rnll hlrmd 


16 


Pure stock 


382 

380 

2 

6 
2 
2 

1 
73 


204 

202 

2 

1 
1 


89 

87 

2 

1 

1 


89 
89 


25 
25 


178 

178 


86 
86 


76 
76 


16 


Mixed stock (two stocks). 


Full tribal 


16 


Stock in part unknowu.. 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 
Mixed blood (white and 




Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 






4 
1 
2 

1 
34 


3 

1 
2 

16 


1 




Less than one-half 


Half white, half Indian . . . 

More than one-half white 

Unknown proportions 

("Mexican" mixture).. 








white 










Half white, half Indian 
More than one-half 










1 
16 




Unknown proportions 
("Mexican" mix- 




8 1 
5 4 


39 


15 


17 


7 


2 




Full blood: 
FuU tribal 




Blood not reported 


72 
1 

277 


38 

1 

134 


15 


17 


6 

1 

14 


34 


16 


16 


2 




95 


) 49 


185 


24 


5 6 


5 45 


9 189 


20 


7 63 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 
Santa Clara 


51 


69 


143 


86 


46 








Full blood 


89 
85 
4 

2i 
1 

1 

3 

49' 


1 46- 

44 

i 2 

S 1 

5 
I 
I 

1 1 

i 28 


1 172 

S 161 

U 

1 9 
i 6 
5 3 
1 

3 4 
1 108 


23 
22 

1 

13 


1 5 
! 5 
).... 

1 
1 
2.... 


B 43 

3 40 

2 

1 


174 
8 158 
2 16 

t 9 

5 8 

6 1 


19 
19 


7 59 
2 58 
5 1 

5 


11 


Full tribal 


268 

251 

17 

9 
517 


129 

121 

8 

5 
272 


48 
42 
6 

3 

128 


67 

65 

2 

2 
101 


14 
14 

43 


139 

130 

9 

4 
245 


82 
73 
9 

4 
133 


46 
46 


11 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 


Full tribal 


11 




Mixed tribal (two tribes). 

Mixed blood (unknown 
proportions, "Mexican" 
mixture) 




Mixed blood (white and 






Less than one-half white . 
Half white, half Indian. . . 
More than one-half white. 

Blood not reported 






5 




S 

6 3 


7 1 
7 21 


5 6 
8 103 


8 


5 4 
9 26 




87 


24 




Full blood 






509 

505 

4 

8 
3 
5 

77 


268 

265 

3 

4 

1 
3 

37 


125 

122 

3 

3 
1 
2 

18 


100 
100 


43 
43 


241 

240 

1 

4 
2 
2 

40 


129 
129 


87 
87 


24 


Jemez 


Full tribal 


23 




41 

8 
7 

8 


8 23 
1 4 

7 4 

4 

8 4 


6 90 
5 18 
3 17 
2 1 

5 19 


11 
2 
2 

2 


3 
6 

5 

1 .... 

1 


6 18 
1 3 
1 3 

4 4 


2 75 
6 28 
4 26 

2 2 

3 22 


8 


1 26 

8 

8 


MLxed tribal (two tribes). 

Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 


1 


Full blood: 


1 




4 
2 
2 

20 






Mixed tribal 




Three or more tribes... 


1 


7 4 


Less than one-half white 
Half white, half Indian . . . 

Tesuque 


..... 

15 


4 








19 








■Piill blood 


7 
5 
1 
1 

1 

1 
1 


5 3 
1 2 

7 
4 
3 

7 

3 

1 


8 14 
8 8 
7 4 

6 4 
1 

3 2 

7 5 


1 

1 


9 
6 

3.... 
2.... 
1 .... 

1 .... 
2.... 


4 3 

4 2 

1 


7 19 

3 10 

7 

8 e 

2 1 

4 2 

6 3 

1 


1 

1 


5 3 
3 

3 

2 

1 

2 

2 1 
1 


1 




Fullblood 






62 
49 
13 
10 
3 

15 
2 

13 


29 

24 

5 

4 

1 

8 
2 

6 


14 
11 
3 
2 

1 

4 

1 

3 


12 
10 
2 
2 


3 
3 


33 
25 
8 
6 
2 

7 


16 
12 
4 
2 
2 

4 


16 
13 
3 
3 


1 










Mixed tribal 


1 


Tribal blood of one par- 




1 




Three or more tribes. . . 

Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 




MLxed blood (white and 


3 
3 


1 
1 


3 




Less than one-half white 





Half white, half Indian. . . 

Unknown proportions 

("Mexican^' mixture).. 


1 
1 



i i 
6 4 

6 




2.... 

2 




fi 3 
4 




2 

2 2 


Unknown proportions 
(" Me.xican " mLxture) . . 


7 


4 


3 




Pecos 


' 


TARJ 


k.8CA 


N SI 


"OC 


K. 












Full blood: 


10 


2 
S 

14 5 


2 

4 

20 


2 


1 

1 

1 














Full tribal 


3 

5 


4 '.'.'.'.'.'. 

4 26 


2 


2'""2 
1 7 




1 


1 




1 














Mixed blood (half white, 












PicTnus 


1 


■ 1 




1 
















Full blood (full tribal) 


g 

1 

1 


2 4 

2 
9 
3 

6 


2 15 

8 5 
7 5 
1 ...... 


1 


8 

2 
2.... 


9 5 

1 

i 


25 

i 1 
2 1 
2 

9 5 


1 


9 6 

2 1 
1 

1 1 

4 














Mixed blood (white and 




TLI 


Non 


r ST< 


OCB 


:■ 








Less than one-half white 
Half white, half Indian . . 






32 


21 


15 


f. 




11 


10 


1 




7 £ 




2.... 






Full blood 






7 
25 

2 


6 
15 
1 


4 
11 

1 


2 
4 


= 


1 
10 

1 


i 10 


1 








Full blood 


1 



6 
4 

6 

5 


2 1 

3 : 
3 : 


... 


2.... 
1... 
1... 


• 


6 3 
4 2 

2 1 

3 2 
2 2 

1. 




3 

2 

1 

I 


Mixed blood (white and 




Full tribal 




Mixoil tribal (two tribes) 


Auk 






Mixed blood (white and 


1 




Less than one-half white 

Unknown proport ions 

(" Mexican " mixture) . 


... 








1 


Mixed blood (white and 


2 


1 


1 






1 


1 




























' Totals Include persons of unknown age 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



149 



INDIANS IN EACH STOCK AND TKIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 
INDlAINt. IJN ii-AK^a civL-i^ ^ PERIODS, BY MIXTUHE OF BLOOD: 1910-Continued. 



Table 5 1— Continued. 



TRIBE AND MIXTOKE OP 
BLOOD. 



Both 
sexes. 



To- 
tal.! 



Un- 
der 

20 
yrs. 



51 

yrs. 
and 
over. 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



TUNGIT STOCK— Continued. 



Chilkat. 



Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 



Mixed blood (halt -white, 
halt Indian) 



TONKAWAN STOCK. 



TSIMSHIAN STOCK. 



TTTNICAN STOCK. 



■WAIIIiATPTJAN STOCK. 



Total. 



Full blood 

Pure stock 

Mixed stock (two stocks) . 
Stock in part unknown . . . 

Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 

Less ihan one-half white. 

Half white, half Indian .. . 

More than one-half white. 

Unknown proportions, 
and "Mexican" mix- 
ture 



Blood not reported.. 



CAYtJSE. 



Tull blood 

Full tribal 

Mixed tribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes. . 
Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unknown 



329 



268 

198 

65 

5 



298 



254 
194 
59 
56 



125 
94 
31 



2 
1 

139 



117 
91 
26 
26 



69 



25 



169 



143 

104 

34 

5 



1.59 



137 

103 

33 

30 

3 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



72 



70 



Total 


42 


25 


10 


9 


6 


17 


6 


6 


5 


Tnll blood 


41 
29 
11 

1 
1 


24 
17 
7 


9 
5 
4 


9 
6 
3 


6 
6 


17 

12 

i 

1 


6 
2 
3 

1 


6 
5 

1 


5 




5 


MLxed tribal (two tribes). 
Tribal blood of one par- 




Mixed blood (unknown 
proportions, "Mexican" 


1 


1 

























Total 


51 


31 


21 


10 




20 


9 


8 


3 


Full blood (full tribal) 

Mixed blood (white and 


11 

40 
11 
14 

15 


9 

22 
8 
7 

7 


8 

13 

7 
1 
5 


1 

9 
1 
6 
2 




2 

18 
3 

7 
8 






2 


9 
3 

6 


8 


1 


Less than one-half white 
Half white, half Indian . . 
More than one-half white . 




6 
2 


1 



Total 


43 


25 


16 


9 




18, 


12 


4 


2 






Full blood (full tribal) 


18 

25 
14 

6 

8 

1 
11 

8 
3 


9 

16 
9 

3 

6 


3 

13 

S 

3 
5 


6 

3 
1 




9 

9 
5 

2 
2 

1 
4 

3 

1 


4 

8 
5 

2 
2 

1 
3 

3 


3 

1 


2 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 








Halfwhite, half Indian. 
More than one-half 


1 












Negro and Indian 

Less than one-half 


7 

5 
2 


S 

4 
1 


2 

1 
1 




1 




Half Ijegro.haif Indian . 


1 





52 



37 



TRIBE AND MIXTURE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 
sexes. 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



51 

yrs. 
and 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



yrs. 
and 



■WAIItATPTTAN' STOCK— Continued. 



Cayuse— Continued. 

Mixed blood (white and 

Indian) 

Less than one-half white. 
Halfwhite, half Indian... 
More than one-half white. 
Unknown proportions... 

Blood not reported 



MOLALA. 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

Mixed tribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes. . 

MLxed blood (white and 
Indian) 

Less than one-half white. 

Halfwhite, half Indian.. 

More than one-half white 

Unknown proportions 
("Mexican" mixttn-e). . 



14 



21 



■WAKA8HAN STOCK. 



Total 


388 


195 


84 


67 


42 


193 


92 


58 


42 




361 

293 

60 

27 
26 

12 


183 

154 

24 

5 

12 
11 

3 

5 

3 

1 


76 

56 

17 

3 

8 
7 

2 

2 

3 

1 
1 


63 

58 

3 

2 

4 
4 

1 
3 


42 

38 

4 


178 

139 

36 

3 

15 
15 

4 
7 

4 


83 

48 

32 

3 

9 
9 

3 
3 

3 


52 

48 

4 


42 




42 


Mixed stock (two stocks) . 
Stock in part unknown. . . 

Miitpd blood 




6 

6 

1 
4 

1 




White and Indian 

Less than one-half 




Half white, half Indian. 
More than one-half 




Negro, white, and Indian . 
KITAMAT 












1 




1 








Mixed blood (halt white, 
halt Indian^ 

KWAKIUTL 












1 




1 




1 






1 




Full blood (mixed tribal, 


360 


1 
185 






1 
41 










Mattatt 


81 


61 


175 


88 


49 


37 




342 

252 

88 

82 

6 

2 

18 
17 

7 
3 

1 
15 


177 
136 
39 
36 
3 

2 

8 

7 

3 
1 

3 
1 

5 


75 
48 
27 
24 
3 

6 
5 

2 

3 
1 

2 


59 

50 

7 

7 


41 

36 

5 

5 


165 

116 

49 

46 

3 


82 
39 
43 
40 
3 


45 

39 

6 

6 


37 


Full tribal 


37 










Three or more tribes 

Tribal blood of one par- 




2 

2 
2 

1 
1 












10 
10 

4 
2 

4 


6 
6 

3 
3 


4 
4 

1 
2 

1 




White and Indian 

Less than on»-half 


;;." 


Halfwhite, half Indian. 
More than one-half 




Negro, white, and Indian . 
NOOTKA 








3 




10 


2 


6 


2 


Full blood 


13 
8 
5 

2 


4 


1 


a 




9 

8 
1 

1 


1 
1 

1 


6 
6 


2 






Mixed tribal (two tribes) 
Mixed blood (half white. 


4 


1 

1 


a 














1 



1 Totals include persons of unknown age. 



150 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



INDIANS IN EACH STOCK AND TRIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 

PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



Table 5 1 — Continued. 



TEIBE AND MIXTURE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 
sexes. 



To- 
tal.i 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



51 
yrs. 
and 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



yrs. 
and 



WASHOAN STOCK. 



Total 


819 


414 


156 


189 


64 


405 


155 


193 


53 






Full blood 


043 

620 

23 

170 
108 

CO 
92 

15 

1 
1 
1 
6 


335 

322 

13 

74 
73 

22 
44 

6 

1 

1 


114 
106 

8 

42 
42 

18 
18 

6 


157 

153 

4 

32 
31 

4 
26 


64 
63 

1 


308 

298 

10 

96 

95 

38 

48 

9 


92 

87 

5 

63 
62 

26 

28 

8 


161 

156 

5 

32 
32 

11 

20 

1 


.W 


Full tribal 


52 


Mixed tribal (two tribes) . 
Mixed blood 


1 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 


1 
1 


IlaUwhite.half Indian 

More than one-half 

white . . 




Unknown proportions 
("Mexican" mix- 


1 
1 






NeCTo and Indian (half 

Negro, half Indian) 

Other races and Indian 














1 
1 


1 






Blood not reported 


5 














1 









WINTTJN STOCK. 



Total 


710 


382 


165 


140 


77 


328 


146 


132 


49 






Full blood 


282 

258 

22 

2 

373 

362 

73 
181 

104 

4 

1 
10 

55 


156 

144 

10 

2 

199 
196 

40 
102 

51 

3 

1 

2 

27 


40 

38 

2 

114 
112 

34 
33 

43 
2 

2 

11 


53 

47 
5 
1 

76 
75 

6 
60 

8 

1 
1 


63 

59 

3 

1 

9 
9 

..... 


126 
114 
12 


30 

24 
6 


52 
46 
6 


43 


Pure stock . 


43 


Mixed stock (two stocks). 
Stock in part imknown.. . 




174 
166 

33 

79 

53 

1 


99 
93 

26 
25 

41 
1 


70 
68 

6 
50 

12 


5 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white 


5 
1 


Halfwhite, half Indian 
More than one-half 


\ 


Unknown proportions 
("Mexican" mix- 




Ne|ro and Indian (half 

Isegro, half Indian). . . 

Negro, white, and Indian. 

Blood not reported 








8 
28 


6 
17 


2 
10 




11 


5 
11 


1 






NOMELAKI 


125 


66 


32 


23 


59 


22 


24 


13 






Full blood 


51 

49 

1 

1 

74 
72 

17 
40 

11 

4 

1 
1 

186 


22 

20 

1 

1 

44 
43 

11 
23 

6 

3 

1 


6 

6 


6 

6 


10 
8 
1 

1 

1 

1 

""i 


29 
29 


7 
7 


s 


12 


Full tribal 


12 






Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unknown 














MLsed blood 


26 

26 

9 
11 

4 
2 


17 
16 

2 
11 

2 

1 
1 


30 
29 

6 
17 

5 
1 


15 
14 

6 
4 

4 

1 


14 
14 

'"is 

1 


1 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white 


1 
1 


Halfwhite, half Indian 

More than one-half 

white 




Unknown proportions 
("Mexican" roix- 




Negro and Indian (half 






Negro.white, and Indian 
Pa TWIN 




1 
81 


1 

38 






105 


38 


41 


26 


34 


9 






Full blood 


110 

101 

8 

1 

21 
17 
4 

55 
399 


68 

63 

4 

1 

10 
8 
2 

27 
211 


22 

20 

2 

5 
5 

11 

95 


26 
24 

1 

1 

4 
3 
1 

11 
76 


20 

19 

1 


42 

38 

4 


15 
11 
4 


19 
19 


8 


Full tribal. 


s 


Mixed tribal (two tribes) 




Tribal blood of one par- 






Mixed blood (white and 


1 
..... 

5 

40 


11 
9 
2 

28 
188 


6 
6 

17 

86 


6 
3 

2 

10 
74 




Less than one-half white 
Halfwhite, half Indian... 

Blood not reported 

WiNTUN 


1 
27 






FuUblood 


121 
108 
13 


06 

61 

5 


12 
12 


21 

17 

4 


33 
32 

1 


55 
47 
8 


8 
6 
2 


23 

17 
6 


23 


Full tribal 


23 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 





TEIBE AND MIXTUKE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 


MALE. 


FEHALE. 




Un- 


20 


51 




Un- 


20 




To- 


der 


to 


vrs. 


To- 


der 


to 




tal.' 


20 


50 


and 


tal.' 


20 


50 






yrs. 


yrs. 


over. 




yrs. 


yrs. 



WINTUN STOCK— Continued. 



WiNTUN — Continued. 

Mixed blood 

White and Indian 

Less than one-half 

white 

Half white.half Indian 
More than one-half 

white 

Negro, white, and Indian 



278 


145 


83 


S.'i 


7 


133 


78 


fll 


269 


143 


81 


55 


7 


126 


73 


49 


39 


21 


20 


1 




18 


15 


3 


137 


77 


22 


48 


7 


60 


21 


35 


93 


45 


S9 


6 




48 


37 


11 


9 


2 


2 






1 


5 


2 







WIYAT STOCK. 



YAKONAN STOCK. 



TANAN STOCK. 



Total 


152 


92 


46 


29 


17 


60 


24 


19 


17 






Full blood 


71 
68 
13 

81 
19 
34 
23 


38 
30 

8 

54 
11 
23 
20 


12 
8 
4 

34 
9 
9 

16 


11 

8 
3 

18 
2 

12 
4 


15 
14 

1 

2 
■•■•j 




33 
28 

5 

27 
8 
11 

8 


6 
3 
3 

18 
7 
5 

6 


11 

\ 


in 


Full tribal 


15 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 

Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 


1 
1 


Less than one-half white. 
Half white, half Indian. . . 
More than one-half white. 


..... 



Total 


55 


26 


14 


10 


2 


29 


14 


8 


7 






FuUblood . 


30 
20 
9 

1 

25 
12 
5 

8 


11 
8 
3 


4 
2 
2 


s 

4 

1 


2 
2 


19 
12 
6 

1 

10 

7 


5 
3 
2 


7 
5 

2 


7 


Pure stock 


4 


Mixed stock (two stocks) . 
Stock in part unknown.. . 

Mixed blood (white and 


2 
1 


15 
5 
5 
5 


10 
5 
1 
4 


5 




9 
7 


1 








Halfwhite half Indian 


4 

1 








More than one-half white . 




3 


2 


1 




Alsea 


29 


15 


6 


7 


2 


14 


10 


3 


1 






FuUblood 


18 
12 
5 

1 

11 
8 
3 


10 
7 
3 


4 
2 
2 


4 
3 
1 


2 
2 


8 
5 
2 

1 

6 
6 


4 
2 
2 


3 
3 


1 


Full tribal 




Mixed tribal (two tribes). 
Tribal blood of one par- 






1 


Mixed blood (white and 


5 
2 
3 

1 


2 
2 


3 




6 
6 














3 
1 








SlUSLAW 




6 




3 


3 






Full blood: 


5 
2 

19 


1 




1 




9 


4 


2 

1 

2 


2 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 


1 


10 


8 


2 




3 






Full blood 


5 
2 
3 

14 
4 
2 
8 










5 
2 
3 

4 
1 


3 

1 


1 
..... 

1 


3 


Full tribal 










1 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 

Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 










2 


10 
3 
2 
5 


8 
3 
1 

4 


2 












1 

1 








More than one-half white. 




3 


' 2 


1 





Total 


39 


22 


14 


C 


2 


17 


8 


5 


4 






Full blood 


26 

6 

20 

13 

1 
4 
8 


14 
2 
12 

8 
1 
2 
5 


8 
8 

6 
1 

5 


4 
1 
3 

2 


2 

1 


12 

4 
8 

5 


5 
5 

3 


3 
2 
1 

2 


4 




2 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 
Mixed blood (white and 


2 


Less th;^u one-half white . 
Half while, half Indian. . . 
More than one-half white. 




2 




o 
3 


3. 


2 













' Totals Include persons of unknown age. 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



151 



INDIANS IN EACH STOCK AND TRIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 

PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



Table 51— Continued. 


Both 
sexes. 


MALE. 


FEMALE. 


TRIBE AND MIXTURE OF 
BLOOD. 


Both 
sexes. 


MALE. 


FEMALE. 


TRIBE AND MIXTURE OK 
BLOOD. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
50 
yrs. 


51 

yrs. 
and 
over. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
60 
yrs. 


51 

yrs. 
and 
over. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 

to 
50 
yrs. 


51 

yrs 
and 
over. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
50 
yrs. 


51 

yrs. 
and 
over. 




YOK 


UTS 


STOCK. 










YOKUT8 STOCK 


— Contmued. 




533 


2S0 


lis 


122 


39 


253 


115 


108 


30 




6 


3 


2 


1 




3 


2 


1 




Total 


FuU blood: 
Full tribal 




Full blood ,. 


401 

366 

17 

18 

104 
103 

30 

58 

3 

12 

1 

28 


206 

187 

10 

9 

64 

64 

18 
38 

2 
6 


83 

72 

4 

31 
31 

11 

16 

2 


85 
78 
6 

1 

31 
31 

6 
21 


37 
37 

2 
2 

1 
1 


195 

179 

7 

9 

40 
39 

12 

20 

1 

6 
1 

18 


80 
71 

1 
8 

28 
27 

11 

14 

1 

1 
1 

7 


90 

84 

6 

11 
11 

1 

6 


25 

24 

..... 

1 
1 


2 
4 
1 
3 

25 


1 
2 
1 

1 

13 


1 
1 

i 

6 






1 

2 




1 




Mixed stock (two stocks). 


Mixed tribal 

Two tribes 


1 
1 




2 






Stock in part unknown.. . 


Three or more tribes 




2 
12 






Mixed blood 


5 


1 


2 

8 


3 


1 


White and Indian 


Full blood 


Less than one-half 


17 
1 
8 

8 

5 
4 
1 

3 
302 


9 


4 


3 


1 


8 
1 
3 

4 

3 
2 

1 

1 
130 


6 
2 

4 

2 
2 


2 

1 
1 




white 






HaUwhite.halflndian. 

More than one-half 

white 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 
Tribal blood of one par- 


5 
4 

2 
2 


1 
3 

2 
2 


3 


1 




Unknown proportions 
("Mexican" mix- 
ture) 


4 




4 


1 


Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 






1 






10 


4 


6 




7 


4 


Less than one-halfwhite . 
Half white, half Indian . . . 

Blood not reported 






..... 






2 
172 


74 


2 

71 


27 








Choinimni 


18 


6 


1 


3 


2 


12 


4 


6 


2 


54 


59 






17 




7 
4 

2 

1 

1 
10 

4 


4 
2 

2 


1 


1 


2 
2 


3 

2 




1 
1 


2 

1 


Full blood 




Full tribal 


255 

241 

12 

2 

35 
34 

20 
6 

8 
1 

12 
3 


145 
136 

7 

2 

21 
21 

13 

5 

3 


62 
56 
4 

2 

9 
9 

8 
1 


57 

54 

3 


26 
26 


110 

105 

5 


44 
44 


52 

47 

5 


14 


Mixed tribal (three or 


1 


1 


Full tribal 


14 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 
Tribal blood of one par- 




Tribal blood of one par- 




1 






1 




MLxed blood (unknown 
proportions, "Mexican" 


1 
1 

2 


2 


1 
1 








Mixed blood . 


11 

11 

4 
5 

2 


1 
1 

1 


14 

13 

7 

1 

6 
1 

6 
3 


8 
7 

6 

1 
1 

2 


5 
5 

1 
1 

3 


1 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 


1 






9 
2 


4 

• 


5 

1 


1 




Blood not reported 

Chookiminah 


Half white, half Indian. 

Unknown proportions 

("Mexican" mixture).. 

Negro, white, and Indian. 

Blood not reported 


1 









3 


3 




2 

2 




Full blood (full tribal) 


3 

1 
144 


1 

1 
70 


1 

1 
29 






2 




1 


1 


2 


Mked blood (half white, 






1 


half Indian) 


Full blood: 
Full tribal 














36 


5 


74 


39 


28 


7 


1 
2 










1 
2 






1 


CHUKlJUAiJSI 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 












2 






8o 
84 

1 

56 
2 

50 
2 

2 

3 

4 


33 
33 


11 
11 


IS 

18 


4 

4 


52 
51 

1 

20 


23 
22 

I 
15 


23 
23 


6 
6 












Full tribal 




Yi;c 


HEAT 


^ STOCK. 








Tribal blood of one par- 




MLxed blood (white and 


36 
2 

32 
1 

1 

1 

1 


17 

""'is 
1 

1 

1 

1 


18 
2 
16 


1 


5 




Total.. 


78 


52 


32 


16 


3 


26 


14 


10 


1 


Full blood 




Indian) 

Less than one-half white . 
Half white, half Indian . . . 
More than one-halfwhite. 
Unlmown proportions 

(" Mexican *' mixture). . 


61 

59 

2 

17 
10 

6 

4 


39 

37 

2 

13 
9 

5 
4 

4 


24 

23 
1 

8 
4 

1 
3 

4 


13 

12 

1 

3 
3 

3 


1 
1 


22 
22 


12 
12 


9 
9 




1 


••••is 

1 
1 
2 

3 


14 

1 

1 
1 


4 




Full tribal 




Mixed tribal (two tribes). 
Mixed blood 








1 
2 


1 


2 
2 

1 
1 


4 
1 

1 


2 
1 

1 


1 


1 






White and Indian 

Less than one-half 




Blood not reported 














Half white, half Indian. 
Negro, white, and Indian. 








3 


1 


1 


1 














Full blood 


2 
1 

1 

2 

1 
1 

27 










2 
1 

1 

1 
1 


1 

1 


2 
1 
1 


::::: 




Yt] 


rKiAl 


sr 8T 


OCI 


£. 




















Mixed tribal (two tribes). 
Mixed blood (white and 












1 


1 






Total 


198 


88 


30 


37 


21 


110 


41 


44 


25 


Full blood 














138 

104 

15 

19 

59 
58 

17 
38 

3 

1 

1 


54 
41 

9 
4 

33 
33 

9 
23 

1 


14 
9 
2 
3 

16 
16 

8 
8 


19 
13 

6 

1 

17 
17 

1 
15 

1 


21 
19 
2 


84 
63 
6 
15 

26 
25 

S 
15 

2 

1 


23 
7 
3 

13 

18 
18 

8 
9 

1 


37 

34 

2 

1 

7 
6 


24 




1 
13 


1 

3 












22 


Taoht . 


6 


4 


14 


7 


6 


1 


Mixed stock (two stocks) . 
Stock in part unknown. . 


1 
1 




1 


Full blood 


23 

21 

2 

1 

1 

4 
3 

1 


11 

10 
1 

1 


2 
2 


5 
4 
1 

1 


4 
4 


12 
11 

1 


5 
4 

1 


6 
6 


1 
1 


White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white 


1 


Full tribal 














HaUwhite.halflndiau . 
More than one-half 


6 
1 

1 


1 


Three or more tribes . . 




1 

2 
2 


1 

2 

2 










2 
1 

1 


1 

1 


1 










Mixed blood (white and 


Negro and Indian (halt 
Negro, halt Indian) 

Blood not reported 




Less than one-half white 






1 





1 






Unkno\vn proportions 
("Mexican" mixture).. 


1 



















' Totals include persons of unknown age. 



152 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



INDIANS IN EACH STOCK AND TRIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 

PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



Table 51 — Continued. 

TRIBE AND MI.XTURE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 




MALE. 






FEMALE. 




Tin- 


ai 


.■il 




Un- 


20 




To- 


der 


in 


yrs. 


To- 


der 


to 




tal." 


20 


50 


and 


tal.! 


20 


50 






yrs. 


yrs. 


over. 




yrs. 


yrs. 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



YUKIAN STOCK— Continued. 



Coast Yuki. 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

lILxed tribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes. . 

Mixed blood (half white, 
half Indian) 



Redwood 
NOM) 



(HUCH- 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

Mixed tribal (two tribes^. 

Mixed blood (half white, 
half Indian) 



Wappo . 



Full blood 

Full tribal 

MLxed tribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes. . 

Tribal blood of one par- 
ent unknown 



Mixed blood (white and 

Indian) 

Less than one-half white . 
Half white, half Indian . . . 
More thanone-half white. 

Blood not reported 



YtTKI. 



FuU blood 

Full tribal 

MLxed tribal 

Two tribes 

Three or more tribes . 



Mixed blood 

White and Indian 

Less than one-half 

white 

Half white, half Indian 

Negro and Indian (half 

Negro, half Indian) 



15 



73 



95 



32 



40 



16 



10 



10 



65 



16 



YtJMAN STOCK. 



Total 4,279 2,301 



Full blood 

Pure stock 

Mixed stock (two stocks). 
Stock in part unknown. . 



Mixed blood 

White and Indian 

Less than one-half 

white 

Half white, half Indian. 
More than one-half 

white 

Unknown proportions 
vi^.cn"^ mlx- 



(" Mexican 

ture) 

Negro and Indian 

Less than one-half 

Negro 

Half Negro, half In- 
dian 

Either white or Negro 
and Indian 



Blood not reported.. 



4,000 

3,900 

90 

10 

221 
216 

86 
70 



58 



2,149 

2,092 

53 

4 

123 
120 

47 
43 



990 857 406 1,978 



896 

854 

38 

4 

87 
84 

41 

22 



816 

807 

9 



399 

393 

6 



1,851 

l.i 

37 

6 

98 
96 

39 

27 



895 744 327 



802 

764 

32 

6 

78 
77 

35 

19 



715 

713 

2 



322 

319 

3 



TRIBE AND MIXTITRE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 
sexes. 



To- 
tal.! 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



20 
to 
50 
yrs. 



51 

and 
over. 



To- 
tal.! 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



XTJMAN STOCK— Continued. 



COCOPA 


245 


130 


55 


52 


- 


115 


49 


53 


12 






Full blood . . 


243 
242 

1 

2 
756 


130 
130 


55 
55 


52 
52 


17 
17 


113 
112 

1 

2 
348 


48 
48 

1 

184 


52 
SI 

1 

1 
111 


12 


Full tribal 


12 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 




Mixed blood (half white, 
half Indian) 












DiEGUENO.. . 


408 


193 


150 


64 


51 






Full blood 


585 

568 

14 

3 

171 

74 

51 

3 

43 
174 


312 

299 

12 

1 

96 
39 
34 

1 

22 
100 


130 

121 

8 

1 

63 
33 
14 

1 

15 
34 


122 

119 

3 


69 

58 

1 


273 

269 

2 

2 

75 

35 

17 

2 

21 

74 


123 

119 

2 

2 

61 
31 
11 
2 

17 
32 


98 
98 


50 


Full tribal 


50 


MLxed tribal (two tribes). 
Tribal blood of one par- 








Mixed blood (whit© and 


28 
5 
17 


5 
1 
3 


13 
4 
6 


1 


Less than one-half white . 
Half white, half Indian. . 





Unknown proportions 
("Mexican^' mixture). . 


6 
50 


1 
16 


3 

28 


1 

14 






Full blood: 
Full tribal 


170 
4 

386 


96 
4 

195 


33 

1 

91 


48 
70 


15 
34 


74 


32 


28 


14 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 




191 


98 


66 


2fi 






Full blood 


367 
339 
27 

1 

2 
1 

1 

17 

1,058 


189 

173 

16 


89 
82 

7 


67 
61 
6 


33 

30 

3 


178 

166 

11 

1 


89 

80 

8 

1 


63 

61 

2 


?.'i 


Full tribal. 


24 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 
Tribal bJood of one par- 


1 


Mixed blood (white and 


2 
1 

1 

4 

585 


1 

1 
1 

242 


1 
1 




















Unknown proportions 
("Mexican^' mixture). 

Blood not reported 

MOHAVT. 












2 
212 


1 
96 


13 

473 


9 
192 


3 

180 


1 

94 






Full blood 


1,03.S 

966 

72 

69 

3 

9 
1 

2 

11 

501 


572 

530 

42 

40 

2 

3 
1 
2 


240 

212 

28 

26 

2 

2 

1 
1 


210 

200 

10 

10 


90 

92 

4 

4 


466 

436 

30 

29 

1 

6 


188 
165 
23 
22 
1 

4 


178 

175 

3 

3 


93 


Full tribal 


89 




4 


Two tribes 


4 






Mls;ed blood (white and 


1 




2 








Half white h:iif Indiin 


1 




•i 
2 

1 
230 


4 








2 






10 
271 


139 


1 
75 


56 


1 




115 


84 


31 






Full blood 


485 

471 

14 

16 
14 

11 
2 

1 

2 

289 


262 

257 

5 

9 
8 

7 

1 


130 

125 

5 

9 
8 

7 

1 


75 
75 


56 
56 


223 
214 

9 

7 
6 

4 
I 

1 

1 

133 


110 
101 

9 

5 
4 

4 

1 

60 


82 
82 


31 


Full tribal. .. 


31 


Mixed tribal (two tribes). 








2 

2 












Less than one-half 








Half white, half Indian . 
More than one-half 
white 






1 
1 










Either white or Negro 


1 

156 


1 
73 








Yavapai 


43 


36 


49 


23 






Full blood 


256 

243 

13 

5 
3 
1 

2 


137 

131 

6 

4 
3 

1 

2 


63 

57 

6 

4 
3 

1 

2 


36 
36 


35 
35 


119 
112 

7 

1 


54 

47 

7 


41 

41 


23 


Full tribal • 


23 


MLxed tribal (two tribes)- 
Mixed blood 








1 


























Unknown proportions 
(''Mexican" mix- 
ture) 















1 Totals include persons of unknown age. 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



153 



INDIANS IN EACH STOCK AND TRIBE IN THE UNITED STATES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE 

PERIODS, BY MIXTURE OP BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



Table 61— Continued. 


Both 
sexes. 


MALE. 


IEM.\LE. 


TRIBE AND MIXTURE Or 
BLOOD. 


Both 
sexes. 


MALE. 


FEMALE. 


TBIBK AND Ml.XTURE OF 
BLOOD. 


To- 
tal.' 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
50 
yrs. 


51 
yrs 
and 
over. 


To- 
tal." 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
60 
yrs. 


51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 


To- 
tal.! 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
60 
yrs. 


61 
yrs 
and 
over. 


To- 
tal.! 


Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 


20 
to 
50 
yrs. 


51 
yrs 
and 
over. 


YUMAN STOCK 


-Continued. 








ZAPOTECAN STOCK. 


Yavapai— Con td. 


2 

1 
1 

28 
834 


1 

1 


1 

1 






1 




1 




Total 


1 










I 




1 




Full blood (full tribal) 














' 




1 




1 




Negro and Indian 












Less tlian one-halt Ne- 








ZXJNIAN STOCK. 








Half Negro, half Indian 






1 
13 

399 


6 
161 


1 
7 

166 


72 




15 
435 


6 
166 


7 
196 


1 
82 




Blood not reported 


Total 


1,667 


870 


368 


370 


127 


797 


377 


315 


101 




Full blood 






1,652 

1,641 

11 

16 
5 
3 


859 

853 

6 

11 

3 
3 

5 


359 

356 

3 

9 
2 
3 

4 


368 

366 

2 

2 
1 


127 

126 

1 


793 

788 
5 

4 
2 


374 

369 

5 

3 
2 


314 
314 


101 




Full tribal 


101 


Full blood 


816 

784 

29 

3 

16 
15 

8 

2 

5 

1 
2 

24 


426 

413 

12 

1 

9 
8 
6 


148 
140 

7 

1 

8 
7 
5 


195 

193 

2 


82 
79 
3 


390 

371 

17 

2 

7 
7 
3 

2 

2 


154 

141 

11 

2 

7 
7 
3 

2 
2 


166 
160 

6 


70 
70 


Mixed tribal (two tribes) 

MLxed blood (white and 
Indian) 






1 




MLxed tribal (two tribes) 
Tribal blood of one par- 




Less than one-half white 

Half white, half Indian... 

Unknown proportions 

(" Mexican'' mixture). . 






1 
1 












MLxed blood 


1 




2 


1 


1 




White and Indian 








Half white, halflndian 








More than one-half 
white 












MISCBIiLANEOTIS. 








Unknown proportions 


3 

1 


2 
1 


1 










ture) 




228 


114 


34 


52 


28 


114 


57 


34 


23 


Negro and Indian (half 
Negro, half Indian) 








164 

158 

5 

1 

45 
42 

8 
13 

21 
3 

1 

2 

19 


82 
79 
3 


19 
18 

1 


40 

38 

2 


23 
23 


82 
79 
2 

1 

21 
19 

6 
5 

9 
2 

1 
1 

11 


35 

32 

2 

1 

16 
15 

5 
3 

7 

1 

1 
6 


27 
27 


20 
20 








2 
9 






2 
3 


Full tribal 


Blood not reported 


Mixed tribal (two tribes) 
Tribal blood of one par- 






15 


5 


6 


4 




6 








MLxed blood 


24 
23 

3 

8 

12 

1 


13 
13 

3 

3 

7 


9 

- 8 


2 
2 


6 
4 




Full blood (mixed tribal, 
three or more tribes) 


24 


15 


5 





4 


9 







3 




White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white 






YD 


ROK 


8TC 


>CK 
















Half white, half Indian 

Unknown proportions 

("Me.\ican" mix- 


5 

3 

1 


2 


2 

2 

1 






668 


327 


150 


113 


63 


341 


147 


140 


53 






Negro and Indian 

Less than one-half 








Full blood 


528 

514 

14 

13 

1 

140 
134 

46 
82 

6 

6 


246 

240 

6 

6 


94 
90 
4 
4 


89 

87 

2 

2 


62 
62 


282 
274 

8 
7 
1 

59 
56 

25 
28 

3 

3 


104 

98 

6 

5 

1 

43 
40 

20 

18 

2 
3 


125 

125 


52 

50 

2 

2 




Full tribal . 


Half Negro, half Indian 
Blood not reported 


1 
g 


2 


1 
3 


3 


1 
2 








Two tribes . . . 


3 






81 

78 

21 
54 

3 

3 


56 
55 

20 
32 

3 

1 


24 
22 

1 
21 


1 

1 

..... 


15 
15 

5 
9 

I 


1 

1 

..... 




Mixed blood 


















White and Indian 

Less than one-half 
white 




Half white, half Indian 
More than one-half 




Other races and Indian 
(Chinese) ... 


2 















1 Totals include persona of unknown age. 



154 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



INDIANS IN EACH STOCK AND TRIBE IN ALASKA, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE PERIODS BY 

MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910. 



Table 52 



TRIBE AND MIXTURE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 
sexes. 



To- 
tal.! 



Un- 
der 
20 

yrs. 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



61 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



AliGONQtllAN STOCK. 










Total 


3 


2 


1 


2 




1 


1 












Full blood 


1 
2 


1 

1 




1 

1 












Mixed blood (white and 




1 


1 












ATHAPASKAN 


STOCK. 










Total 


3,916 


2,009 


902 


948 


159 


1,907 


893 


884 


130 




Full blood 


3,642 

274 
273 

1 


1,875 

134 
134 


797 

105 
105 


921 

27 
27 


157 

2 
2 


1,767 

140 
139 

1 


777 

116 
115 

1 


861 

23 
23 


129 

1 

1 




\Vhite and Indian 

Other races and Indian 
















Ahtena 


297 


161 


66 


75 


20 


136 


59 


66 


11 




Full blood 


293 

4 

127 


158 
3 
79 


64 
2 
37 


74 

1 

31 


20 


135 

1 
48 


58 

1 

24 


66 


11 


Mixed blood (white and 


H.VNKUTCHIN 


23 


1 


FuU blood 


127 

160 


79 
78 


37 
26 


31 
46 


11 
6 


48 
82 


24 

33 


23 
43 


1 
6 


KAmjHKHOTANA 


FiJl blood 


155 
5 

697 


75 

3 

380 


23 

3 

178 


46 


6 


80 

2 

317 


31 

2 

158 


43 


6 


Mixed blood (white and 


Knaiakhotana 


169 


33 


138 


21 


Fullblood 


672 

25 

359 


364 

16 

188 


165 
13 
83 


166 
3 
86 


33 
19 


308 

9 

171 


151 

7 

80 


136 
2 
78 


21 
13 


Mixed blood (white and 


KUTCHIN 




Fullblood 


349 
10 
8 


184 

4 
5 


80 
3 
3 


85 
1 
2 


19 


165 
6 
3 


74 
6 
2 


78 


13 


Mixed blood (white and 

Tndiftn) 




1 






Fullblood 


2 

6 

177 


1 

4 
96 


3 
39 


1 

1 
45 


12 


1 

2 

81 


2 
35 


1 




Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 


Natsttkutchin 


35 


11 


Fullblood 


176 

1 

415 


96 


39 


45 


12 


80 

1 

199 


34 

1 
89 


35 


11 


Mixed blood (Japanese 
and Indian) 


Tenankutchin 


216 


97 


98 


21 


97 


13 


Fullblood 


396 
19 
6 


204 

12 
1 


87 
10 

1 


96 


21 


192 

7 
6 


83 
6 
2 


96 
1 
3 


13 


Mixed blood (white and 


TVKKCTHKUTCinN. . . 








Fullblood 


3 

3 

193 










3 

2 
95 


2 
60 


3 




Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 


1 
98 


1 
37 






Unakhotana 


56 


5 


41 


4 


Fullblood 


170 
23 


S9 
9 


30 

7 


64 
2 


S 


81 
14 


36 
14 


41 


4 


MLxed blood (white and In- 
dian) 



TRIBE AND SnXTlTEE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 
sexes. 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



20 
to 
60 
yrs. 



51 

yrs. 
and 
over. 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



ATHAPASKAN STOCK— Continued. 



VUNTAKDTCHIN 


5 


2 




2 




3 




3 




Fullblood 


5 
1,472 


2 

705 


335 


2 
338 


32 


3 

767 


361 


3 
356 




Tribe not re- 
ported 


SO 




Fullblood 


1,294 
178 


623 

82 


272 
63 


321 

17 


30 
2 


671 
96 


286 

75 


336 

20 


49 
1 


Mixed blood (white and 





BSKIMATJAN STOCK. 



Total 


14,087 


7,310 


3,505 


3,176 


557 


6,777 


3,135 


3,019 


547 




Fullblood 


12,859 

1,228 
1,209 

19 
5 

14 


6,666 

644 

637 

7 

2 

5 


3,007 

498 

491 

7 

2 

5 


3,049 

127 
127 


543 

14 
14 


6,193 

584 

672 

12 

3 

9 


2,691 

444 

433 

11 

3 

8 


2,890 

129 
128 

1 


640 

7 
7 


Mi.xed blood 


White and Indian 

Other races and Indian.. 


Chinese 








Japanese 






1 












Aleut. . . 


1,451 


768 


404 


288 


61 


693 


353 


287 


50 




Fullblood 


999 

452 
449 

3 

326 


623 

235 
234 

1 
ISO 


249 

155 
154 

100 


221 

67 
67 


52 

9 
9 


470 

217 
215 

2 
146 


207 

140 
144 

2 
69 


225 

62 
62 


44 

6 
6 




White and Indian 

Other races and Indian 


Chnagmiut 


66 


14 


65 


12 






Fullblood 


299 

27 

782 


165 

15 
374 


85 

15 
172 


66 


14 


134 

12 
408 


57 

12 
ISO 


65 


12 


Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 






173 


29 


194 


28 




Fullblood 


768 

14 
2 


366 

8 

1 


165 


172 

1 
1 


29 




402 

6 

1 


180 

6 
1 


194 


28 


Mixed blood (white and 

TnHiftn) , . 




TM*irT.rwTTTT 












Fullblood 


2 
4 


1 
3 


2 


1 
1 




1 

1 


1 






IPRACKMIUT 


1 








Fullblood 


4 

192 


3 

98 


2 
49 


1 
37 


12 


1 
94 


37 


1 
47 




Kaiaugmiut 


10 


Fullblood 


191 

1 
22 


98 


49 


37 


12 


93 

1 
12 


36 

1 



47 


10 


Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 




KAKUABLiMIUT 


10 


6 


3 


1 


^ 


2 


Fullblood 


22 

1 


10 


6 


3 


1 


12 
1 


6 

1 


4 


2 


TTAKrtVAT.I'^^mTT . . 


















Fullblood 


1 
238 










1 
118 


1 
55 






TTavtarxttxtt . , . 


120 


66 


48 


6 


51 


12 






Fullblood 


209 

29 
32 


109 

11 
16 


66 

11 
6 


48 


6 


100 

18 
16 


37 

18 
5 


51 


12 


Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 


KEKCHABUKSnUT 


9 


1 


10 


1 


Fullblood 


32 

594 


16 
330 


C 
156 


9 
148 


1 
26 


16 
264 


5 

US 


10 
120 


I 
26 


KDTUGtJMIUT 


Full blood 


676 
IS 


322 

8 


148 

S 


148 


26 


254 

10 


108 
10 


120 


28 


Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 



1 Totals include persons of unkno\ra age. 



STOCKS AND TRIBES, BY SEX, AGE, AND BLOOD. 



155 



IxXDIANS IN EACH STOCK AND TRIBE INALASKA, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE PERIODS, BY 

MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



Table 53— Continued, 



TBIBE AND MIXTURE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 
se.\es. 



To- 
tal.! 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



51 

yrs 
and 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 
yis. 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



ESKIMAUAN STOCK— Continued. 



Kop.iOMrcT . . 
Full blood 



KOWAOMIUT.. 

Full blood , 



Mbced blood (white and 
Indian) 



KUKPAtlBUNGMIUT . 

Full blood 



KUNMIUT. 

Full blood 



KUSETEINMIDT. 

Full blood 



9 
561 



54G 
15 
6 



Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 



KUSKOVAKinUT. 

Full blood 



MLxed blood (white and 
Indian) 



KUSKOWTK.. 

Full blood 



Kixed blood (white and 
Indian) 



KUSKWOGMIUT. 

Full blood 



Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 



77 
133 



3 

301 



125 



370 



361 



37 



36 
1 

1,480 



Magemiut. 
Full blood 



Malemiut. 
Full blood 



Mixed blood 

White and Indian 

Other races and Indian 
(Chinese) 



Nataektoo. 
Full blood 



Neecduktamiut . 
Full blood 



NtlXATOGMTOT. , 

Full blood 



Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 



1,4-17 
33 
376 



376 
563 



25 



25 

285 



NtTNIVAGMnjT . 

FuU blood 



Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 



301 



299 
2 



43 



2 
141 



133 



r 

5 
212 



206 
6 
18 



17 

1 

741 



723 
18 
176 



176 
292 



282 
10 



42 

5 

135 



130 
5 
11 



10 

1 

344 



32 



12 
158 



326 
18 
85 



85 
149 



342 



342 



79 



79 
118 



6 
260 



253 



48 

3 

158 



139 

10 
8 

2 

1 



153 

5 

161 



160 
1 



68 



lis 



82 



739 



724 

15 

200 



200 
271 



264 



13 
12T 



107 

7 



125 



TRIBE AND MIXTVRE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 
soxes. 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



20 
to 
50 
yrs. 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



E8KIMAT7AN STOCK— Continued. 



337 



124 

3 

140 



322 

15 

103 



103 
136 



348 



348 



80 



129 

7 
6 

1 



80 
110 



53 



NtraocHOGMitrr 


158 


"!! 


32 


38; 


3 


85 


36 


39 


10 


Full blood 


158 
3' 


73 
20 


32 

7 


38 
8 


3 
6 


85 
11 


36 
6 


39 
4 


10 


NUSHAGAQMIUT 


1 


Full blood 


24, 

7 
81, 


16 
4 

40 


3 
4 

16 


8 


5 


8 
3 

41 


3 
3 

17 


4 


1 


Mixed blood (white and 




NUWUKMIUT 


20 


4 


23 


1 


Full blood 


71 
10 
4 


34 
6 
3 


12 

4 


IS 
2 

1 


4 

1 


37 
4 
1 


16 

1 


20 I 


Mixed blood (wMte and 
Indian) 


3 




PlTXTKMIUT 




TTiilt hinrtd 


4 
14 


3 

8 


6 


1 
2 


1 


1 

6 








POLAZRiMIUT 

Full blood 


4 


2 




14 
258 


8 
140 


6 
54 


2 

79 


7 


6 
118 


4 
43 


2 
65 




Selawigmtut 

Full blood 


10 


25S 
5 


140 
3 


54 
1 


79 
2 


7 


118 
2 


43 


65 
1 


10 


SroABlTMIUT 


1 


Full blood 


4 

1 
320 


2 

1 
159 


1 
60 


2 




2 




1 


1 


Mixed blood (white and 




TlKERAMIUT 


S3 


15 


161 


67 


70 


23 


Full blood 


300 
20 
93 


153 
6 
52 


54 
6 
26 


83 


15 


147 
14 
41 


53 
14 
13 


70 


23 


Mixed blood (white and 




TOGLlGinUT 


18 


S 


23 


6 


Full blood 


SO 

4 

140 


48 
4 
77 


22 

4 
38 


18 


8 


41 


13 


23 


6 


Mixed blood (white and 




UKU'OKMIUT 

FuU blood 


37 


2 


63 


26 


36 


1 


140 
441 


77 
221 


3S 
131 


37 
74 


2 
16 


63 

220 


26 
101 


36 
105 


1 


Unaligmiut 


17 


Full blood 


421 
20 
123 


211 
10 
63 


121 
IC 
3( 


74 


16 


210 
10 
60 


91 
IC 

2; 


101 



17 


Mixed blood (white and 




Utkuvinmiut 

Full blood 


... 
3C 


3 


3( 


1 


119 

4 
127 


62 

1 
6£ 


3( 
2 


) 2< 
5 3' 


3 

.... 

1 £ 


57 
65 


2 
2- 


3. 

! 

I 3 


1 


Mixed blood (white and 





TTTTnriMTTTT 


I 8 


Full blood 


lie 

11 
. 29' 


57 

i 
! 14< 


1 
6 


S 3 


1 £ 


5£ 
14C 


1 
5. 


) 3 


I 8 


Mixed blood (white and 




YUIT 


1 7 


1 1- 


3 6. 


! 25 


Full blood 


. 29( 


) 14! 


I 


7 

1 .... 


1 1 


r, 14: 


I 


1 6. 
1.... 


i 25 


MLxed blood (white and 
Indian) 





' Totals include persons of unknown age. 



156 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



INDIANS IN EACH STOCK AND TRIBE I\ ALASKA, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SEX AND AGE PERIODS, BY 

MIXTURE OF BLOOD: 1910— Continued. 



Table 62— Continued. 



TEffiE AND iUXTURE OF 
BLOOD. 



Both 
sexes. 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 

yrs. 



51 

yrs. 
and 
over. 



To- 
tal.i 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



51 
yrs 
and 
over. 



E8KIMAUAN STOCK— Continued. 



Southern Eskimo.. 


3,650 


1,899 


875 


861 


155 


1,751 


857 


745 


135 


Full blood 


3,186 

464 
454 

10 

474 


1,645 
254 
250 

4 

237 


678 

197 
193 

4 

112 


809 

52 
62 


150 

5 
5 


1,541 

210 
204 

6 
237 


708 

149 
144 

5 

112 


686 

59 
58 

1 
67 


134 


Mixed blood 


1 


White and Indian 

Other races and Indian 
(Japanese) 


1 


TRIBE NOT re- 
ported 


63 


12 


13 






Full blood 


423 

51 

48 

3 

2 

1 


219 

18 
18 


97 

15 

15 


61 

2 
2 


12 


204 

33 
30 
3 

2 

1 


83 

29 
26 
3 

2 

1 


63 


13 


Mixed blood 




White and Indian.. 















































HAIDAN STOCK. 



Total 


530 


281 


143 


106 


29 


249 


130 


95 


n 






Full blood 


377 
153 


201 
80 


88 
55 


83 
23 


29 


176 
73 


81 
49 


72 
23 


■n 


Muted blood (white and 
Indian) 


1 







TLINGIT STOCK. 



Total. 



Full blood 

Mixed blood 

White and Indian 

Other races and Indian. . , 

Chinese , 

Japanese 

Mixture unknown 



Auk. 
Full blood. 



Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 



Cim.KAT. 



Full blood 

Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) , 



Henta. 
Full blood.... 



Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 



HtraA. 



Full blood 

Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 



HuTSNirwu.. 
Full blood 



Mixed blood 

White and Indian 

Other races and Indian. 

Chinese 

Japanese 



4,426 



536 
522 
13 
2 
11 
1 



26' 
242 



690 
629 



61 

214 



192 
22 

625 
590 



498 

38 
31 

1 



2,223 



1,945 

278 
271 
6 
1 
5 
1 



143 



132 
11 

350 



318 
32 



101 
13 

303 
286 



268 

24 

21 
18 
3 



204 
197 
6 
1 
5 
1 



37 
10 

140 



112 
28 

50 



127 
14 



82 



163 
4 

49 



45 
4 

125 



122 
3 

101 



15 



2,203 



1,945 

238 
251 

i 



no 

14 

340 



311 

29 

100 



322 



304 
18 



251 

17 
13 
4 
1 
3 



1,004 



792 

212 

205 

7 

1 



55 61 



119 
25 



136 



120 
16 



109 



263 



255 



36 



TRIBE AOT) MIXTUEE OP 

blood. 



Both 
sexes. 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



To- 
tal.' 



Un- 
der 
20 
yrs. 



51 
yrs. 
and 
over. 



TIiINGIT STOCK— Continued. 





322 


163 


80 


52 


31 


159 


73 


63 


21 






Full blood 


276 

46 
45 

1 
29 


141 

22 
22 


63 

17 
17 


47 

5 
5 


31 


135 

24 
23 

1 
12 


54 

19 

18 

1 
6 


61 

4 

4 


20 


MLxed blood 


1 


White and Indian 

Other races and Indian 


1 


KUTU 


17 


4 


10 


3 


4 


7, 






Full blood 


29 
608 


17 
295 


4 
131 


10 
115 


3 
49 


12 
313 


6 
144 


4 
117 


^ 




51 






Full blood 


527 

81 
80 

1 

189 


248 

47 
46 

1 

96 


97 

34 

33 

1 

3S 


104 

11 
11 


47 

2 
2 


279 

34 
34 


118 

26 
26 


109 

8 
8 


61 


Mixed blood 




White and Indian 




Stikine 


49 


12 


93 


44 


34 


15 






Full blood 


150 

39 

142 


72 
24 
70 


27 

8 

31 


33 
16 
31 


12 
8 


78 
15 
72 


30 
14 
27 


34 
38 


14 


Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 


1 


Taku 


6 






Full blood 


128 

14 
13 

1 
1S4 


62 

8 

7 

I 
88 


23 

8 

7 

1 
42 


31 


8 


66 

6 
6 


22 

5 
5 


37 

1 
1 


6 






White and Indian 








Other races and Indian 
(Thinp.^^et 










38 


8 


96 


52 


35 


9 






Full blood 


156 

28 

307 


76 

12 

143 


33 

9 
70 


35 
3 

65 


8 
8 


80 
16 
164 


40 
12 

78 


31 
4 

77 


» 


Mixed blood (white and 






9 






Full blood 


276 

31 
30 

1 

313 
197 

116 
113 

3 


131 

12 
12 


59 

11 
11 


64 

1 
1 


8 


145 

19 

18 

1 
140 


59 

19 
18 

1 
70 


77 


9 


Mixed blood .... 










Other races and Indian 






Tribe not re- 
ported. 


173 


93 


65 


15 


61 


9 


Full blood 


114 

59 
57 

2 


57 

36 
34 

2 


44 

21 

21 


13 

2 

2 


83 

67 
56 

1 


30 

40 
39 

1 


48 

13 

13 


,'> 




4 


White and Indian 

Other races and Indian 
(Japanese) 


4 








1 



TSIMSHIAN STOCK. 



Total. 
Full blood.. 



Mixed blood (white and 
Indian) 



729 
615 

114 



384 
333 

51 



187 
151 

36 



282 
63 



178 119 



138 



96 



40 23 



48 



' Totals include persons of unknown age. 



FECUNDITY AND VITALITY. 



Information was collected by the Census Bureau in 
1910 in regard to the number of children borne by 
every married woman. The results of the tabulation 
of this material for the Indian women are presented in 
the following discussion. Only those women were 
included in the tabulation who were between 15 and 
44 yeai-s of age, who had been married for at least 
one year, and who were neither widowed nor divorced 
nor married a second or subsequent time. As a 
result of these restrictions all the women included 
in this tabulation answered the following descrip- 
tion: (1) They were of child-bearing age; (2) had 
been married long enough to have children; and (3) 
were Uving in the married state at the time of the 
enumeration. 

The last limitation makes possible the presentation 
of information about the husband and, since all 
second and subsequent marriages are excluded, the 
children are in each case the offspring of the couple as 
shown on the schedule. In this manner most ele- 
ments of uncertainty have been excluded, so that the 
data lend themselves to trustworthy interpretation. 

In the tables of this section the degrees of mixture 
are given in the order of the increasing proportion of 
non-Indian blood, beginning with marriages between 
full-blood Indians and ending with marriages between 
mixed-bloods and whites. The tables do not include 
all the possible combinations, but only those actually 
given on the schedules. Polygamous marriages, in 
which husband and wives are probably full-blood 
Indians, are given separately at the end of the table. 

Sterility. — Table 53 presents the data on sterihty. 



Table S3 


WOMEN 15 TO 44 TEAKS OF 
AGE, MARRIED ONE TEAR 
OR MORE: 1910. 


DEGEEE OF inXTIJKE. 


Total 
ntunber 
tabu- 
lated. 


Bearing no 
children. 




Number. Percent. 




21,532 


1,853 8.6 








10,379 

9,820 

559 

10, 752 
1,508 
914 
594 
208 
208 


1,111 

1,018 

93 

717 
133 
77 
56 
16 
16 


10.7 


Husband an"d wife belonging to same tribe 

Husband and wife belonging to different tribes. 


10.4 
16.6 

6 7 


Marriages of full-bloods with mixed-bloods 

Wife full blood , husband white and Indian . 
Husband full blood , wife white and Indian . 

Marriages of full-bloods with whites . . 


8.8 
8.4 
9.4 
7 7 


Wife full blood , husband white 


7.7 






Marriages among mtxed-bloods 


3,970 

3,675 

101 

194 
6,066 
2,336 
2,730 

401 


276 

254 

10 

12 
292 
174 
118 

25 


7.0 


Wife white and Indian, husband white 
and Indian 


6 9 


Wife Negro and Indian, husband Negro 
and Indian . 


9 g 


Wife white, Negro, and Indian, husband 


6.2 


Marriages of mLxed-bloods with whites 

Wife white, husband white and Indian 

Husband white, wife white and Indian 

Polygamous marriages (husband and wives proba- 

hlv fnll-hlnori Indians) 


5.8 
7.4 
4.3 

6.2 







The most significant fact brought out by Table 53 
is that, while for aU classes of marriages the propor- 
tion resulting in no issue was 8.6 per cent and for mar- 
riages between full-bloods the proportion was 10.7 per 
cent, for mixed marriages it was only 6.7 per cent. 
Thus sterility is considerably less common in cases of 
miscegenation than in cases of marriage between fuU- 
bloods. Furthermore, the proportion of issueless mar- 
riages decreases directly as the amount of white blood 
in the married couple increases. For the marriages of 
full-bloods with mixed-bloods, where less than one-half 
of the blood was white, the percentage of sterility was 
8.8 ; for the marriages of full-bloods with whites, where 
one-half of the blood was white, the proportion of ste- 
rility was 7.7 per cent; for the marriages between 
mixed-bloods, where the proportion of white blood 
may have varied considerably but was probably one- 
half or more, sterility was shown in 7 per cent of the 
cases ; and finally, for marriages of mixed-bloods with 
whites, where more than one-half and often three- 
fourths or more of the blood was white, the percentage 
of sterihty was only 5.8. Thus an inverse relation 
between the amoimt of white blood in the married 
couple and the proportion of cluldless unions seems to 
be established by the table. 

In the case of polygamous marriages no separation 
by blood was made, but, as pointed out previously, 
these are almost without exception marriages between 
fuU-blood women and fuU-blood men, as such mar- 
riages were made, as a rule, a good many years ago. 
As a group, then, by blood these cases of plural wives 
may be compared with the fuU-blood groups already 
considered. It is apparent on comparison that 
women Uving in polygamy show a considerably 
smaller percentage of sterihty than those in monog- 
amous unions. 

Fecundity. — Table 54 deals only with women who 
have been married from 10 to 20 years, inclusive, and 
distinguishes those who have borne no more than two 
children (including those who have borne no children) 
from those who have borne from three to five children, 
and six or more children, as shown by the returns for 
1910. 

A comparison of the figures for marriages between 
full-bloods with mixed marriages shows the greater 
fertihty of the latter; a smaller proportion resulted in 
two children or less and in from three to five children 
than in the case of the pure marriages and a much 
higher proportion in six or more children. 

A further analysis of mixed marriages shows, how- 
ever, that as far as the number of children is concerned 
the proportion of white blood does not materially 
influence the offspring. In fact, the marriages be- 
tween full-blood Indians and whites are more prolific 

(157) 



158 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



than any of the other main classes of mixed marriages. 
Of the subclasses under "Marriages among mixed- 
bloods," the marriages between Indian and Negro 
mixed-bloods showed the greatest fertihty, more than 
half of such marriages resulting in six or more children. 



Polj-gamous marriages, as compared with monoga- 
mous marriages between fuU-bloods, showed a smaller 
proportion having had only two children and three to 
five children, and a larger proportion having had six 
or more. 



Table 54 



DEGREE OF MIXTUT.E. 



All classes. 



Marriages among fuU-bloods 

Ilnsband and wife belonging to same tribe 

Husband and wife belonging to different tribes. 

Mixed marriages 

Marriages of full-bloods with mixed-bloods 

Wife full blood, husband white and Indian. 
Husband full blood, wife white and Indian. 



Marriages of full-bloods with whites.. 
Wife full blood, husband white.. 
Husband full blood, wife white . . 



Marriages among mLxed-bloods 

Wife white and Indian, husband white and Indian 

Wife Ne^o and Indian, husband Negro and Indian 

Wife white, Negro, and Indian, husband white, Negro, and Indian. 

Marriages of mixed-bloods with whites 

Wife white, husband white and Indian 

Husband white, wife white and Indian 



Polygamous marriages (husband and wives probably full-blood Indians) . 



WOMEN 15 TO 44 TEARS OF .iGE, MARRIED 10 TO 20 TEARS: 1910. 



Total 

number 

tabulated. 



7,548 



3,658 

3,480 

178 

3,745 
530 
324 

206 

90 
90 



1.385 

1,286 

36 

63 

1.740 
777 
%3 

145 



Number bearing- 



Not more 
than two 
children. 



1,273 



716 

680 

36 

532 
75 
42 
33 

7 

7 



200 

183 

7 

10 

250 
126 
124 



Three 

to five 

children. 



3,391 



1,739 
1,655 

84 

1,587 
221 
137 
84 

39 
39 



539 

508 

9 

22 

788 
349 
439 



Six or 

more 

children. 



2,884 



1.203 

1,145 

58 

1,626 
234 
145 



646 

S95 

20 

31 

702 
302 
400 



Per cent bearing— 



Not more 
than two 
children. 



16.9 



19.6 
19.5 
20.2 

14.2 
14.2 
13.0 
16.0 

7.8 
7.8 



14.4 
14.2 
19.4 
15.9 

14.4 
16.2 
12.9 



Three 

to five 

children. 



44.9 



47.5 

47.0 
47.2 

42.4 
41.7 
42.3 
40.8 

43.3 
43.3 



38.9 
39.5 
25.0 
34.9 

45.3 
44.9 
45.6 

44.8 



Six or 

more 

children. 



38.2 



32.9 
32.9 
32.6 

43.4 
44.2 
44.8 
43.2 

48.9 

48.9 



46.6 
46.3 
55.6 
49.2 

40.3 
38.9 
41.5 

37. 9 



The average number of children per marriage, by 
degree of mixture of blood, is shown in Table 55. 



Table 55 


Women 15 
to 44 years 

of age, 

married 10 

to 20 years: 

1910. 


CniLDREX BORNE. 


DEQEEE OF MIXTtTRE. 


Number. 


Average 

per 

married 

woman 

tabulated. 


Allnlassrs 


7,548 


36,277 


4.8 






Marriages among full-bloods ... 


3,658 
3,4S0 

178 

3,745 
530 

324 

206 

90 
90 


16,409 
15,678 

791 

19, 127 
2,720 

1,678 

1,042 

485 
485 


4.5 


Husband and wife belonging t« same tribe 

Husband and wife belonging to different 


4.5 
4.4 




5.1 


Marriages of full-bloods with mixed-bloods 

Wife full blood, husband white and In- 


5.1 

5.2 


Hiisband full blood, wife white and In- 


5.1 




5.4 


Wife full blood, husband white 


.■1.4 


Husband full blood, wife white 






1,385 

1,2,S6 

30 

63 

1,740 
777 
963 

145 


7,322 

6,786 

188 

348 

8,600 
3,731 
4,869 

6S1 


5.3 


Wife white and Indian, husband white 


5.3 


Wife Negro and Indian, husband Negro 
and Indian 


5.2 


Wile white, Negro, and Indian, husband 
white, Negro, and Indian 


5.5 


Marriages of mixed-bloods with whites 

Wife white, husband white and Indian... 
Husband white, wife white and Indian. . 

Polygamous marriages (husband and wives prob- 
ably full-blood Indians) 


4.9 
4.8 
5.1 

4.7 







These figures hkewiso indicate that mixed marriages 
arc more fertile, the average number of children result- 
ing from such marriages being 5.1, while the avorago 
for the marriages of full-bloods was 4.5. The highest 
average nunibor of cliildren per marriage shown for any 
of the subdivided classes was for marriages between 
full-blood Indians and whites, but for marriages in 
which both husband and wife represented a mixture 



of white, Xegro, and Indian blood the average number 
of children was higher than for any other group. 

Polygamous marriages showed a somewhat higher 
average number of children born than did monoga- 
mous marriages between full-bloods, but a lower aver- 
age than that shown for mixed marriages. 

Vitality. — In addition to the number of children 
borne by every married woman, the census schedule in 
1910 called for the number of children living at the time 
of the enumeration. From the replies to this inquiry a 
study can be made of the proportion of children sur- 
viving. The results of such a study for the Indians are 
presented in Table 56. 



Table 56 



DEGREE OP MIXTUEE. 



CHILDBEN BORNE. 



Total 
number. 



All classes. 



Marriages among full-bloods 

Husband and wife belonging to same tribe 

Husband and wifo belonging to different 
tribes 



Mixed marriages 

Marriages of full-bloods with mixed-bloods 

Wife full blood , husband white and Indian. 
Husband full blood , wifo white and Indian. 

Marriages of full-bloods witli whites 

Wifi^ full blood, husband white 

Husband full blood, wife white 

Marriage.s among mixed-bloods 

Wife whiteand Indian, husband while and 

Indian 

Wife Negro and Indian, husband Negro and 

Indian 

Wife white, Negro, and Indian, husband 

white. Negro, and Indian 

Marriages of mi.wd-hloods with whites 

Wifo white, husband white and Indian 

Husband white, wife white and Indian 

Polygamovis marriages (husband and wives prob- 
ably full-blood Indians) 



36,277 



16, 469 
15, 678 

791 

19,127 
2,720 
1,678 
1,042 

485 
485 



7,322 

6,786 

188 

348 
8,600 
3,731 
4,869 

681 



Surviving. 



Number. Per cent. 



11,476 1 
10,970 

506 I 

15,119 
1,902 
1,195 

707 
402 
402 



69.7 
70.0 

C4.0 

79.0 
69.9 
71.2 
67.9 
82.9 
82.9 



5,681 

5,280 

132 

249 
7,134 
3,095 
4,039 

516 



77.6 

77.8 

80.9 

71.6 
83.0 
83.0 
83.0 

75.8 



FECUNDITY AND VITALITY. 



159 



For all classes of marriages the proportion of sur- 
Tiving children was 74.7 per cent; for pure marriages it 
was 60.7 per cent, and for mixed marriages 79 per cent. 
A further analysis of the mixed marriages shows that 
the percentages of children surviving were highest 
among children one of whose parents waswhite. Thus 
for marriages between full-bloods and whites the pro- 
portion of surviving children was 82.9 per cent, and for 
marriages between mixed-bloods and whites the pro- 
portion was 83 per cent, while for marriages among 
mixed-bloods it was only 77.6 per cent, and for marri- 
ages between full-bloods and mixed-bloods only 69.9 
per cent, or only slightly higher than for marriages be- 
tween full-bloods (69.7 per cent). In the case of po- 
lygamous marriages a larger percentage of childi-en 
survive than in full-blood monogamous marriages. 

The figures bring out the fact that a larger propor- 
tion of the children having one white parent sxu-vive 
than of children both of whose parents are full-blood 
or mixed-blood Indians, but do not in themselves show 
whether this is due to conditions in the home or to 
greater virility of the offspring. 

Further evidence bearing on this point may be 
gathered by comparing the relative vitality of the chil- 
dren of fuU-blood and mixed-blood parents, according 
to the size of the family, observing whether the larger 
famihes which are characteristic of the mixed-bloods 
show a greater or less degree of vitahty than the 
smaller famiUes of the fuU-bloods, and also the relative 
vitality of families of the same size in the various 
classes by blood. 

In the foUowuig table three groups by blood are 
alone considered, in order to secure sufRciently large 
niunbers to be of some value: (1) both parents of fuU 
blood of the same tribe, (2) both parents of mixed 
blood (white and Indian), (3) one parent mixed blood 
(white and Indian), the other white. For each of 
these three groups, and for families of varying size, 
the percentage of cases occurring where all the chil- 
dren born survive, is shown. Only those cases, more- 
over, are tabulated where the mother has been mar- 
ried from 10 to 20 years. 



Table 57 


PER CENT WHICH WOMEN, 
ALL OF WHOSE CHILDEEN 
SURVIVE, FORM OF THE 
TOTAL NUMBER OF WOMEN 
BEARING SPECrFIED NUM- 
BER OF CHILDEEN: 1910. 


NVMBEE OF CHILDEEN BOENE. 


Both 

parents 
full 

blood, 
same 
tribe. 


Both 
parents 
mixed 
blood 
(white 

and 
Indian). 


One par- 
ent mixed 
Itlood 
(white 
and 
Indian), 
theother 
white. 


1 


8«.7 
72.8 
62.2 
4S.6 
35.7 
21.5 
10.2 
'9.7 
10.1 
4.6 


84.3 
79.5 
62.0 
61.8 
42.7 
33.3 
23.1 
20.0 
11.9 
11.9 


91.9 


2 


79.2 


3 


71.9 


4 


64.4 


5 


51.7 


6 


38.5 


7 


30.8 


8 


33.8 


9 


11.1 


10+ 


8.7 







From this it may be seen that for families of from 
one to eight children, tlioro is in almost every case a 
greater degree of vitality (as shown by the propor- 
tional number of cases where all the children born 
survive) the greater the amount of white blood repre- 
sented. The most marked exception is that where 
but a single child is born, in which case the fuU-bloods 
show a larger proportion surviving than the mixed- 
bloods. In tliis case, however, the number of cases 
of mixed-bloods is very small, and the result, there- 
fore, can not be considered at all definite. The dif- 
ference in relative degree of vitality between the full- 
blood children and those who (with one parent white 
and the other mixed) are mauily of white blood, is 
striking, the relative advantage of the latter over the 
former increasing regularly and steadily up to and 
including eight cliildren born, when the figure is 
nearly four times as great as that for the fuU-bloods. 
Similar results are to be obtained from a compari- 
son of the percentage of cases in which no children 
survive. 

The following table indicates for famUies of varying 
size, the proportion of cases in which aU the children 
are dead: 



Table 58 


PEE CENT WHICH WOMEN, 
NONE OF WHOSE CHILDREN 
SURVIVE, FORM OF THE 
TOTAL NUMBER OF WOMEN 
BEARDtO SPECIFIED NUM. 
BEB OF CHILDREN. 


NUMBEB OF CHILDEEN BOENE. 


Both 
parents 

full 
blood, 
same 
tribe. 


Both 

parents 

mixed 

blood 

(white 

and 
Indian). 


One par- 
ent mixed 
blood 
(white 

and 

Indian), 

the other 

white. 


1 


11.3 
6.6 
1.9 
2.0 
0.7 
1.4 
1.3 
0.5 


15.7 
3.4 
0.9 
0.6 
0.4 
0.5 
0.6 


8.1 


2 


1.4 


3 


0.9 


4 








6 








g 




9 























It will be seen from this that, with one exception, 
for families of all sizes from one to eight, the full- 
bloods show the largest number of cases where no 
children survive, exceeding the mixed-bloods in this 
respect in one case nearly four times. 

The results of the studies on steriUty, on fecundity, 
and on vitality all point toward one conclusion, and that 
is that the increase of the mixed-blood Indians is much 
greater than that of the fuU-blood Indians, and that 
unless the tendencies now at work undergo a decided 
change the full-bloods are destined to form a decreas- 
ing proportion of the total Indian population and ulti- 
mately to disappear altogether. 

Note. — Conclusions in regard to tribal or stock differences in 
fecundity and vitality must, of necessity, be extremely tentative, 
as the numbers available for tabulation are so small. The follow- 
ing results of a tabulation made for a few of the larger tribes or 
groups are, however, of interest. Only women of full blood with 



160 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



husbands also of full blood of the same tribe, and niLxed-blood 
women of white and Indian blood, with husbands also of mixed 
blood, are considered. It has also been necessary, in order to secure 
numbers of any size, to make no distLQction of the number of years 
married, but to include women married from 1 to 10 years. 





PER CENT BEARING 
NO CHILDREN. 


AVERAGE NTTMBER 
OF CHILDREN 
BORNE. 


PER CENT SURTIV- 
ING OF TOTAL 
CHILDREN BORNE. 


TBIBE OB GHOCT. 


Parents 

full blood, 

same 

tribe. 


Parents 

mixed 

(white 

and 

Indian). 


Parents 

full blood, 

same 

tribe. 


Parents 

mixed 

(white 

and 

Indian). 


Parents 

full blood, 

same 

tribe. 


Parents 

mixed 

(white 

and 

Indian). 


Cherokee (Okla.).. 
Chippewa 


7.3 
10.3 
7.6 

3.9 
7.9 
9.3 

17.5 


6.4 
6.7 
6.9 


3.7 
3.7 
4.1 

4.8 
3.7 
3.5 
2.2 


3.5 
4.6 
4.1 

(') 


71.8 
64.2 
56.4 

56.6 
69.4 
85.9 
81.3 


82.0 
72.7 


Sioux (all) 

W. Washington 
(mainly Salish).. 
Apache 


77.6 

82.2 
(') 




(1) 


YiiTiaii , . 


(') 







I Number too small for computation. 

The most striking points brought out by this table are: (1) That 
the tribes (mainly belonging to the Salishan stock) of western 
Washington show the smallest proportion of sterility, and the largest 
average number of children borne, but at the same time the next 
to the smallest proportion surviving, at least in the case of the full- 
bloods; (2) that the Yuman tribes of Arizona and southern California 
show the largest proportion of sterility and the smallest average 
number of children borne, but at the same time have next to the 
largest proportion surviving; (3) the general agreement between the 



full-bloods of the Sioux and Cherokee (of Oklahoma only) in per 
centage of sterility and average number of children borne, but 
their difference in favor of the latter in regard to the proportion of 
children surviving; and (4) that in the case of the Sioux, the usual 
increase in the average nimiber of children borne as shown by 
the mixed-bloods does not occur. 

These and other differences apparent on a study of the figures 
for individual tribes are in many ways suggestive both of economic 
and possible environmental influences or of actual differences be- 
tween different stocks. It is, for example, possibly significant that 
the smallest average number of children borne and the largest pro- 
portion of sterility occur in the arid region of the southwest, 
whereas the largest number of children borne and smallest propor- 
tion of sterility are in the moist coastal region of western ^^'ashing- 
ton, the drier but not arid region of the plains (represented by the 
Sioux and Cherokees) falling between these two extremes. Some- 
what similarly, the Southwest shows the largest proportion of chil- 
dren sur\'iving, the region of western Washington the smallest, with 
the plains averaging somewhere in between. These statements are 
true only, of course, in a general way, but it is possible that a hot and 
arid region of rather deficient food supply, mainly of vegetable ori- 
gin, tends to reduce the number of children borne, although it is 
favorable to the survival of those children who are bom; whereas, 
an equable, moist area, of abundant food supply (including much 
fish, together with game and vegetable products) may tend to a 
greater fertility on the part of the women, but be at the same time 
less favorable to the survival of the larger number of children borne. 
Economic factors are, however, of such weight that much more 
abundant materials would be needed before definite conclusions 
could be drawn. 



MARITAL CONDITION. 



The statistics here given have reference to the 
marital status of the Indian population at the time 
when the census was taken, so that a pei-son, for 
instance, who had been widowed or divorced, but had 
been remarried, would be reported as married. 

AH ages. — Table 59 shows, for the United States 
and for Alaska, the marital condition of the Indian 
population, by sex, as reported at the census of 1910. 



Table 59 


INDIANS OF ALL AGES; 1910. 




United States. 


Alaska. 


MABITAL CONDITION. 


Male. 


Female. 


Male. 


Female. 




Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent 
dis- 
tribu- 
tion. 


Nxmi- 
ber. 


Per 

cent 
dis- 
tribu- 
tion. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent 
dis- 
tribu- 
tion. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent 
dis- 
tribu- 
tion. 


Total 


135,133 


100.0 


130,550 


100.0 


12,995 


100.0 


12,336 


100.0 






Single 


82,133 

40,162 

6,319 

679 

840 


60.8 
34.2 
3.9 
0.5 
0.6 


69,850 

49,134 

10,074 

959 

533 


53.5 

37.6 

7.7 

0.7 

0.4 


7,296 

5,037 

528 

57 

77 


56.1 

38.8 

4.1 

0.4 

0.6 


5,557 

5,592 

1,078 

70 

39 


45.0 




45.3 


Widowed 


8.7 




0.6 


Not reported 


0.3 



Of the Indian males of all ages in the United States 
in 1910, 60.8 per cent were single, 34.2 per cent 
married, and 3.9 per cent widowed, while of the 
Indian females of aU ages, 53.5 per cent were single, 
37.6 per cent married, and 7.7 per cent widowed. 
In Alaska, as compared with the United States, the 
percentage of married among the Indians was some- 
what larger, 38.8 per cent for males and 45.3 per 
cent for females, with a substantially corresponding 
decrease in the proportion of single. 

Fifteen years of age and over. — Only a very small num- 
ber of Indians under 15 years of age in 1910 were re- 
ported as married or widowed — 8 males and 42 females 
in the United States and 5 females in Alaska — and 
statistics of marital condition, therefore, are only 
significant with respect to those 15 years of age and 
over. Table 60 shows, for the United States and for 
Alaska, the marital condition of Indians 15 years of age 
and over, by sex, as reported at the census of 1910, 
in comparison with similar statistics for 1900. 

Of the total Indian males 15 years of age and over 
in the United States in 1910, as shown by Table 60, 
27,391, or 34.1 per cent, were single, 46,154, or 57.4 
per cent, married, and 5,319, or 6.6 per cent, widowed. 
Among the Indian females 15 years of age and over, 
the single in 1910 numbered 16,324, or 21.2 per cent; 
the married 49,095, or 63.8 per cent; and the widowed 
10,071, or 13.1 per cent. As compared with 1900 the 
proportions for the males differed only sUghtly, but 
for the females the proportion of single and of married 
was somewhat larger and the proportion of widowed 
somewhat smaller in 1910. 



MARITAL CONDITION. 



United States... 



Single 

Married 

Widowed 

Divorced 

Not reported.. 



Alaska.. 



Single 

Married 

Widowed 

Divorced 

Not reported. . 



INDIANS 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER. 



1910 



Male. 



Num- 
ber. 



80,383 



27,391 

4fi, 154 

5,319 

679 

840 



8,094 



2,395 

5,037 

528 

57 

77 



Per 
cent 
dis- 
tribu- 
tion. 



100.0 



34.1 

57.4 

6.6 

0.8 

1.0 



100.0 



29.6 

62.2 

6.5 

0.7 

1.0 



Female. 



Num- 
ber. 



76,982 



16,324 

49,095 

10,071 

959 

533 



7,700 



926 

5,587 

1,07S 

70 

39 



Per 
cent 
dis- 
tribu- 
tion. 



100.0 



21.2 

63.8 

13.1 

1.2 

0.7 



100.0 



12.0 
72.6 
14.0 
0.9 
0.5 



1900 



Male. 



Num- 
ber. 



72,076 



24,323 
41,067 

4,974 
418 

1,294 



10,192 



3,479 
5,893 

588 
42 

190 



Per 

cent 
dis- 
tribu- 
tion. 



100.0 



33.7 

57.0 

6.9 

0.6 

1.8 



100.0 



34.1 

57.8 
5.8 
0.4 
1.9 



Female. 



Num- 
ber. 



71,497 



14,350 

43,906 

11,458 

870 

913 



10,072 



1,965 

6,162 

1,556 

140 

249 



Per 

cent 
dis- 
tribu- 
tion. 



100.0 



20.1 

61.4 

10.0 

1.2 

1.3 



100.0 



19.5 

61.2 

15.4 

1.4 

2.5 



In Alaska in 1910 single males constituted 29.6 per 
cent of all Indian males 15 years of age and over; the 
married, 62.2 per cent; and the widowed, 6.5 per cent; 
but of the Indian females 15 years of age and over the 
married females constituted 72.6 per cent and the 
widowed 14 per cent, as against only 12 per cent 
single. For both males and females the proportion 
married in 1910 was considerably larger than in 1900 — 
62.2 as against 57.8 per cent for males and 72.6 as 
against 61.2 per cent for females. 

As compared with whites and Negroes in the United 
States, Indians marry somewhat earlier in life. This 
is indicated by the larger proportion of married, 
widowed, and divorced among Indians, and particu- 
larly Indian females, in 1910, as shown by Table 61. 



Table 61 



CLASS OF POPULATION AND 
MARITAL CONDITION. 



Indian. 

Single 

Married 

Widowed 

Divorced 

Not reported 

Negro. 

Single 

Married 

Widowed....* 

Divorced 

Not reported. 

White. 

Single 

Married 

Widowed 

Divorced 

Not reported 



MALES 15 YEARS OF 
AGE AND OVER: 1910. 



Number. 



80,383 



27,391 

46, 154 

5,319 

679 

S40 



3, 059, 312 



1,083,472 

1,749,228 

189, 970 

20,146 

16, 496 



29, 158, 125 



11,300,282 

16, 253, 940 

1,274,3.88 

135, 203 

134,312 



Per cent 
distri- 
bution. 



100. 



34.1 

57.4 
6.6 
0.8 
1.0 



100.0 



35.4 

57.2 

6.2 

0.7 

0.5 



100.0 



39.0 

55.7 

4.4 

0.5 

0.5 



FEMALES 15 YEARS OF 
AGE AND over: 1910. 



Number. 



76, 982 



16,324 

49.095 

10,071 

959 

633 



3, 103, 344 



823,996 
1, 775, 949 

459, 831 
33,286 
10,282 



26,857,337 



8,091,249 

15,852,011 

2, 705, 990 

150, 801 

57,286 



Per cent 
distri- 
bution. 



100.0 



21.2 

63.8 

13.1 

1.2 

0.7 



100.0 



26.6 
57.2 
14.8 
1.1 
0.3 



100.0 



30.1 
59.0 
10.1 
0.6 
0.2 



67090°— 15 



-11 



(161) 



162 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



The marital condition of the Indian population 15 
years of age and over in 1910 is shown for the United 
States, by divisions and states, in Table 65 (p. 164) 
and for each stock and tribe having at least 200 



members in Table 66 (p. 165). A summary of the 
statistics of marital condition for each principal stock 
in the United States and in Alaska is given in 
Table 62. 



Table 62 


INDIAN MALES 15 TEARS OP AGE AND OTEB: 1910. 


INDIAN FEMALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


STOCK. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Widowed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condi- 
tion 
not re- 
ported. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Widowed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condi- 




Num- 
ber. 


Per 

cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 

cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 

cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 

cent. 


tion 
not re- 
ported. 



UNITED STATB.S. 



Algonquian 


12,849 

8,2S5 

56t 

99 

289 

1.588 
10.946 

229 
1,340 

293 

IRl 
298 
364 
220 
7,745 

2,715 

412 

2,521 

1,392 

489 

5,096 

10.517 

1,120 

99 
130 
295 
261 

192 

1,561 

213 

503 


4,598 
2.393 

193 
29 

103 

526 

4,171 

100 

481 

01 

45 
115 
130 

72 
2,587 

843 
114 
800 
31)3 

151 
1,542 
3,107 

347 

23 

28 
77 
86 

05 
455 

68 
144 


35.8 
28.9 
34.2 
29.3 
35.6 

3.3.1 
38.1 
43.7 
35.9 
20.8 

24.9 

38.6 
35.7 
32.7 
33.4 

31.0 
27.7 
31.7 
20.1 

30.9 
27.1 
29.5 
31.0 

23.2 
21.5 
2il. 1 
33.0 

33.9 
29.1 
31.9 
25.6 


7, 100 
5,270 

333 
67 

161 

1,000 

0.007 

108 

718 

225 

121 
153 
179 
117 
4,582 

1,022 
242 

1,480 
861 

284 
3,406 
0, 092 

641 

01 

94 
187 
130 

107 
875 
115 
345 


55.7 
03.6 
59.0 
07.7 
55.7 

03.4 
54.9 
47.2 
53.0 
76.8 

66.9 
51.3 
49.2 
53.2 
59.2 

59.7 
58.7 
58.7 
61.9 

58.1 
59.8 
03.0 
57.2 

61.0 
72.3 
63.4 
49.8 

55.7 
66.1 
54.0 
61.3 


898 
423 
32 


7.0 
5.1 
5.7 


93 
79 
1 
3 


0.7 
1.0 
0.2 
3.0 


100 

120 

5 

i" 

4 
96 

i' 

3' 

5 
57 

34 
3 
34 

23 

"■"i26" 

81 
7 


11,974 

8,446 

500 

109 

275 

1,024 
10, 132 

233 
1,154 

314 

154 
332 
316 
236 
7,606 

2,440 

395 

2,351 

1,594 

537 

5,440 

10,509 

932 

107 
117 
292 
217 

104 

1,272 

221 

504 


2,053 

1,297 

132 

9 

48 

467 
2,658 

51 
2(a 

31 

IS 

66 

02 

51 

1,701 

515 

71 

387 

248 

123 

800 

2. 002 

172 

12 
15 
43 
34 

31 

205 

35 

01 


22.2 
1.5.4 
23.3 
8.3 
17.5 

28.8 
20. 2 
21.9 
22.8 
9.9 

11.7 
19.9 
19.0 
21.0 
23.2 

21.1 
18.0 
16.5 
15.0 

22.9 
14.8 
19. 
18.5 

11.2 
12.8 
14.7 
15.7 

18.9 
16.1 
15.0 
12.1 


7,570 
5,692 

353 
81 

170 

1,010 

6,225 

141 

733 

251 

116 

174 

195 

130 

4,721 

1.633 

237 

1,545 

978 

311 
3,598 
6,970 

639 

52 
83 
20s 
157 

108 
850 
137 
349 


63.2 
67.4 
62.4 
74.3 
64.0 

62.2 
61.4 
60.5 
63.5 
79.9 

75.3 
52.4 
61.7 
55. 1 
62.1 

60.9 
00.0 
05.7 
01.4 

57.9 
66.1 
66.4 
68.6 

48.0 
70.9 
71.2 
72.4 

05.9 
00. 8 
61.2 
69.2 


1,5.30 

1,105 

76 

17 

50 

141 

1,096 
38 
150 
27 

20 

88 

50 

50 

1,013 

259 

72 

388 

318 

92 

852 

1,315 

113 

36 
19 
30 
24 

24 

185 
51 
63 


12.8 
13.8 
13.4 
15.6 
18.2 

8.7 
10.8 
16.3 
13.5 

8.6 

13.0 
20.5 
17.7 
21.2 
13.3 

10.6 
18.2 
10.5 
19.9 

17.1 
15.7 
12.5 
12.1 

33.0 
16.2 
10.3 
11.1 

14.0 
14.5 
22.8 
12.5 


140 
237 

4 
2 


1.2 

2.8 
0.7 
1.8 


81 




55 


Caddoan . ...... 


1 








24 

48 
603 

20 

140 



11 

27 

45 

24 

478 

208 
45 
180 
112 

51 
541 

540 
118 

12 

8 
22 
43 

20 
100 
30 
57 


8.3 

3.0 
5.5 
8.7 
10.4 
2.0 

6.1 
9.1 
12.4 
10.9 
0.2 

7.7 
10.9 
7.4 
8.0 

10.4 
9.5 
5.2 

10.5 

12.1 
6.2 
7.5 

16.5 

10.4 
10.2 
14.1 
10.1 


1 


Croatan 


4 
69 

1 
1 


0.3 
0.6 
0.4 
0.1 


1 

96 
2 
2 

1 


0.1 
0.9 
0.9 
0.2 

0.3 


5 


Iroquoian 


57 


Karok 


1 








4 




4 
3 
7 
2 
41 

8 

8 

21 

33 

3 

87 

91 

7 

3 


2.2 

1.0 
1.9 
0.9 
0.5 

0.3 
1.9 
0.8 
2.4 

0.6 
1.5 

0.9 
0.6 

3.0 






4 

1 

2 

70 

6 
11 

10 
30 

6 
94 
99 

7 


1.2 
0.3 
0.8 
0.9 

0.2 
2.8 
0.7 
1.9 

1.1 

1.7 
0.9 
0.5 

6.5 






2 


Miwok 


3 


Muskhogean 


41 


Piman 


27 


Pomo 


4 




15 




20 




5 


Shoshonean, 


90 




57 


Tanoan 


3 










Washoan , 


3 
2 


1.0 

0.8 


6 


8 
2 

1 

17 

1 

31 


2.7 
0.9 

0.0 
1.3 

0.4 
0.2 


3 










Yuman 


16 


1.0 


55 


15 






Zunian 


17 


3.0 











AliASKA. 



Athapaskan 


1,308 
4,522 

169 
1,428 

244 


377 
1,315 

CO 
327 

90 


2.S.8 
29.1 
39.1 
22.9 
39.3 


800 

2,802 

89 

970 

131 


01.2 
03.3 
52.7 
67.9 
53.7 


93 
289 

10 
103 

13 


7.1 
6.4 
5.9 
7.2 
5.3 


7 
21 

3 
19 

4 


0.5 
0.5 
1.8 
1.3 
1.6 


31 

35 

1 

9 


1,203 
4,295 

ISO 
1,413 

1% 


146 

502 

29 

132 

41 


12.1 
11.7 
19.3 
9.3 
20.9 


811 
3.114 

104 
1,085 

134 


69.9 
72.5 
69.3 
76.8 
08.4 


180 
631 

17 
177 

21 


15.0 
14.7 
11.3 
12.5 
10.7 


15 
35 


1.2 
0.8 


21 




13 


Ha i dan 






15 


1.1 


4 


Tsimshian 













Polygamy among Indians. — The practice of polyg- 
amy is believed to be quite common among the Amer- 
ican Indians. The census enumeration of 1910 
showed 494 cases in the United States, and of these, 
37 were reported as having more than 2 wives. Of 
the 494 pol5'gamous males reported in 1910, 327 were 
Navajo — 196 in Arizona, 120 in New Mexico, and 11 
in Utah. The numbers reported for other principal 
tribes were: Teton Siou.x, 35; Apache, 22; Paviotso, 
13; Piegan, 13; Cheyenne, 9; Kiowa, 9; Shoshone, 9; 



and Ute, 8. There were 80 polygamous males reported 
under 35 years of age, and of tliis number, 73 were Nav- 
ajo — 49 in Ai-izona, 23 in New Mexico, and 1' in Utah. 

In Alaska there were 19 cases of polygamy reported 
in 1910, but only 1 case with more than 2 wives. 
With one exception the polygamous males were over 
35 years of age. 

Age periods. — The marital condition of the Indian 
population according to age periods is shown, for the 
United States and for iUaska, in Table 63. 



MARITAL CONDITION. 



163 



Table 63 


INDIAN MALES: 1910. 






mniAN females: 


1910. 








AGE PERIOD. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Widowed. 


1 
p 

5 


Co . 

- a- 

03 O o 
-'.n P. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Widowed. 


o 

> 

5 


clo . 

8=1 




Num- 
ber. 


Per 

cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 

cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 

cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 

cent. 


rt o o 


rxiTED States 


135,133 


82, 133 


60. S 


40, 162 


34.2 


5,319 


3.9 


679 


840 


130,550 


69,850 


53.5 


49, 134 


37.6 


10,074 


7.7 


959 


533 




54,750 

S0,3S3 

14,B12 

11,20.5 

9,237 

7,756 

13, S47 

10,017 

7,038 

6,130 

481 

12,995 


54,742 

27,391 

13, 923 

7, ISO 

2,712 

1,258 

1,210 

540 

291 

207 

91 

7,296 


100.0 

34.1 

95.3 

63.6 

29.4 

16.2 

8.7 

5.4 

4.1 

3.4 

18.9 

56.1 


8 

46,154 

413 

3,754 

6,102 

6,032 

11,572 

8,370 

5.5S0 

4, 149 

182 

5,037 


(■) 
57.4 

2.8 
33.3 
66.1 
77.8 
83.6 
S3. 6 
79.3 
67.7 
37.8 

38.8 










53,. 568 
76, 982 
13,874 
10, .OT 
8,900 
7,4S7 
12,948 
9,213 
6,657 
6,S.')6 
468 

12,336 


53,526 

16,324 

10,789 

3,229 

1,008 

422 

358 

1,84 

125 

146 

63 

5,557 


99.9 

21.2 

77.8 

30.5 

11.3 

5.6 

2.8 

2.0 

1.9 

2.1 

13.5 

45.0 


39 
49,095 
2,723 
6,827 
7, ,351 
6,477 
11,286 
7,346 
4, .303 
2,5.58 
224 

5,592 


0.1 

63.8 
19.6 
64.5 
82.6 
86.5 
87.2 
79.7 
64.6 
37.3 
47.9 

45.3 


3 

10,071 

99 

305 

365 

443 

1,094 

1,.540 

2,113 

4,038 

74 

1,078 


(■) 
13.1 
0.7 
2.9 
4.1 
5.9 
8.4 
16.7 
31.7 
58.9 
15.8 

8.7 








5,319 

13 

141 

269 

336 

832 

953 

1,076 

1,673 

26 

528 


6.6 
0.1 
1.3 
2.9 
4.3 
6.0 
9.5 
15.3 
27.3 
5.4 

4.1 


679 
12 
60 
96 
100 
1S4 
112 
61 
53 
1 

57 


840 
252 
150 
58 
30 
49 
42 
30 
48 
181 

77 


959 

65 
158 
147 
127 
187 
118 
88 
64 
5 

70 


533 


13 to 19 years 


198 




60 




29 


30 to 34 years 


18 




23 


45 to 54 vears 


25 




28 




50 




102 


Alaska 


39 




4,901 

8,094 

1,2S5 

1,1.38 

1,090 

929 

1,614 

1,040 

543 

377 

78 


4,901 

2, ,395 

1,192 

687 

275 

104 

79 

22 

8 

7 

21 


100.0 

29.6 

92.8 

60.4 

25.2 

11.2 

4.9 

2.1 

1.5 

1.9 

26.9 














4,636 

7,700 

1,212 

1,187 

1,014 

946 

1,467 

896 

552 

340 

86 


4,631 

926 

670 

137 

46 

23 

22 

6 

4 

2 

16 


99.9 

12.0 

5.5.3 

11.5 

4.5 

2.4 

1.5 

0.7 

0.7 

0.6 

18.6 


5 

5,587 
507 

1,003 
907 
846 

1,2.54 

644 

275 

99 

52 


0.1 

72.6 
41.8 
84.5 
89.4 
89.4 
85.5 
71.9 
49.8 
29.1 
60.5 












5,037 
49 
420 
765 
759 

1,411 

898 

428 

2.59 

48 


62.2 
3.8 
36.9 
70.2 
81.7 
87.4 
86.3 
78.8 
68.7 
61.5 


528 
1 

10 
32 
54 
108 
109 
104 
104 
6 


6.5 
0.1 
0.9 
2.9 
5.8 
6.7 
10.5 
19.2 
27.6 
7.7 


67 
2 
4 

12 
8 

15 
7 
3 
6 


77 

41 

17 

6 

4 

1 

4 

...... 

3 


1,078 
15 
36 
45 
65 
167 

2:i4 

268 

239 

9 


14.0 
1.2 
3.0 
4.4 
6.9 
11.4 
26.1 
48.6 
70.3 
10.5 


70 
5 
7 

15 
11 
22 
7 
3 


39 




15 


20 to 24 708X8... 


4 




1 


30 to 34 Tears 


1 




2 


45 to 54 years , 


5 
2 










9 







The per cent distribution of Indians in each age 
group according to marital condition is compared 
with a similar distribution for whites and Negroes in 
the United States in 1910 in Table 64. 



1 Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent. 



each 



Tabic 64 


INDIAN males: 1910. 


INDIAN females: 1910. 




















AND CLA.SS OF 


















POPULATION. 


Single. 


Mar- 
ried. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Di- 
vorced. 


Single. 


Mar- 
ried. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Di- 
vorced. 


15 to 19 years: 


















Indian 


95.3 


2.8 


0.1 


0.1 


77.8 


19.6 


0.7 


0.5 


Negro 


96.9 


2.2 


0.1 


(') 


81.2 


17.0 


0.9 


0.2 


White 


98.4 


1.0 


(') 


(') 


88.8 


10.5 


0.1 


0.1 


20 to 24 years: 


















Indian 


63.6 


33.3 


1.3 


0.5 


30.5 


64.5 


2.9 


1.5 


Negro 


59.7 


37.8 


1.5 


0.4 


34.9 


59.0 


4.7 


1.1 


White 


76.7 


22.4 


0.3 


0.1 


50.3 


48.4 


0.7 


0.4 


25 to 29 years: 


















Indian 


29.4 


66.1 


2.9 


1.0 


11.3 


82.6 


4.1 


1.7 


Negro 


29.7 


65.9 


3.2 


0.8 


17.1 


73.2 


7.9 


1.5 


White 


44.1 


54.5 


0.8 


0.3 


26.0 


71.5 


1.7 


0.6 


30 to 34 years: 




















16.2 


77.8 


4.3 


1.3 


5.6 


86.5 


5.9 


1.7 




19.2 


75.1 


4.5 


0.9 


11.0 


76.3 


11.0 


1.6 


White 


26.5 


71.2 


1.5 


0.5 


16.8 


79.3 


3.1 


0.8 


35 to 44 years: 


















Indian 


8.7 


83.6 


6.0 


1.3 


2.8 


87.2 


8.4 


1.4 


Negro 


12.2 


80.0 


6.6 


1.0 


7.1 


74.4 


16.9 


1.5 


White 


17.0 


79.3 


2.9 


0.7 


11.9 


80.7 


6.5 


0.8 


45 to 54 years: 


















Indian 


5.4 


83.6 


9.5 


1.1 


2.0 


79.7 


16.7 


1.3 


Negro 


6.8 


81.4 


10.6 


0.9 


4.7 


66.4 


27.7 


1.1 


■ftTiite 


11.4 


81.7 


6.0 


0.8 


8.9 


75.6 


14.6 


0.8 


55 to 64 years: 


















Indian 


4.1 


79.3 


15.3 


0.9 


1.9 


64.6 


31.7 


1.3 


Negro 


5.0 


78.1 


15.9 


0.8 


3.9 


52.8 


42.4 


0.7 


White 


8.5 


79.2 


11.3 


0.8 


7.3 


62.9 


29.0 


0.6 


65 years and 


















over: 


















Indian 


3.4 


67.7 


27.3 


0.9 


2.1 


37.3 


58.9 


0,9 


Negro 


4.1 


67.3 


27.5 


0.7 


3.7 


29.9 


65.6 


0.4 


White 


6.3 


65.5 


27.1 


0.7 


6.5 


35.4 


57.5 


0.3 


Age unknown: 


















Indian 


18.9 


37.8 


5.4 


0.2 


13.5 


47.9 


15.8 


1.1 


Negro 


23.3 


50.5 


7.5 


0.7 


18.4 


44.7 


26.0 


1.4 


White 


26.5 


19.6 


3.5 


0.5 


30.0 


36.3 


13.2 


0.7 



I Less than one-tenth of 1 i>er cent. 



The 



i of marriage is determined largely by 
economic and social conditions and standards. The 
Indian on the reservation is frequently as assured of a 
liveUhood between 15 and 19 years of age as he is later 
in life. It is not strange, therefore, that the propor- 
tion of married, widowed, and divorced among Indians 



15 to 19 years of age should be larger than that for 
either the whites or Negroes; as compared with the 
whites, it was fully three times as large (3 as against 
1 per cent) for males and nearly twice as large (20.8 as 
against 10.7 per cent) for females. For each of the 
older age periods, almost without exception, the pro- 
portion of married, widowed, and divorced among the 
Indians of each sex was larger than that for whites or 
Negroes, the only exception being for males 20 to 24 
years of age, where the proportion for Negroes was 
considerably larger; for males 25 to 29 years and 65 
years of age and over, respectively, the proportions for 
Negroes were very nearly as large. 

The marital condition of Indians 15 years of age and 
over, according to age periods, is also shown in three 
general tables, as follows: 

Table 67 (p. 168) shows, by sex and age periods, the 
marital condition of the Indian population 15 years of 
age and over in 1910 in each of 22 selected states. The 
smallest proportions of single for each sex are found in 
Wyoming, Utah, Idaho, and Nevada, in the order 
named. The very large proportion of single in Kansas 
is due to the fact tliat the students of Haskell Institute 
are included in the totals for that state. 

Table 68 (p. 171) shows, by sex and age periods, the 
marital condition of Indians 15 years of age and over 
in 1910 for each stock in the United States and Alaska 
havmg at least 200 members. 

Table 69 (p. 175) shows, by sex and age periods, the 
marital condition of Indians 15 years of age and over 
in 1910 for each tribe in the United States having at 
least 350 members. The state or states in which the 
tribe is principally situated is also indicated in Table 
69, either by giving, in parentheses, the name of the 
state or by giving the statistics for the state or states 
in which by far the larger majority of the members 
are situated. 



164 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



MARITAL CONDITION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER. BY DIVISIONS AND 

STATES: 1910. 



Table 65 


INDIAN males 


15 tears 


OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


INDIAN females 15 YEARS 


OF AGE AND 0^-ER: 


1910. 


DIVISION AND STATE. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Di- 
vorced. 


Marital 
condi- 
tion not 
reported. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Di- 
vorced. 


Marital 
condi- 
tion not 
reported. 


United States . 


80,383 


27,391 


46,154 


5,319 


679 


840 


76,982 


16,324 


49,096 


10,071 


969 


633 






Geographic divisions: 


749 

2,984 

6,004 

13,116 

2,588 

747 

20,340 

23,203 

10,652 


282 
1,527 
2,277 
4,449 
898 
244 
7,122 
6,717 
3,875 


398 
1,211 
3,131 
7,680 
1,575 
440 
11,846 
14,306 
5,567 


60 
196 

502 

748 

102 

54 

1,084 

1,601 

972 


9 

19 

67 

112 

9 

4 

104 

227 

128 




692 

2,395 

5,317 

12,686 

2,501 

673 

20,169 

22,174 

10,375 


193 

913 

1,270 

2,786 

706 

141 

4,661 

3,574 

2,080 


371 
1,173 

3,282 
8,113 
1,645 
456 
12,818 
16,032 
6,306 


119 

265 

687 

1,551 

238 

69 

2,407 

2,953 

1,782 


9 

29 
68 
145 
5 
5 
169 
404 
125 






31 

27 
127 
4 
5 
184 
352 
110 




East North Central 


10 




91 




East South Central 


3 


West South Central 


114 






Pacific 


82 






New England: 
Mainp 


341 

11 
9 
248 
87 
53 

2,070 

98 

816 

52 

97 

79 

2,603 

3,173 

2,661 

244 

94 

1,967 

6,105 

1,106 

939 

2 
15 
28 
181 
12 
2,204 
91 
26 
29 

66 
61 
234 
386 

114 

213 

19, 753 

260 

3,354 
1,206 
489 
491 
6,018 
8,752 
1,065 
1,828 

3,471 
1,627 
5,554 


116 
2 
1 
114 
28 
21 

715 
47 
765 

26 

55 

34 

1,040 

1,122 

921 
155 
35 
652 
1,791 
367 
528 

2 
5 
15 
89 
5 
734 

11 
10 

19 
26 
81 
118 

38 

81 

6,8S7 

116 

996 
293 
112 
219 

1,864 

2,496 

248 

489 

1,129 

683 

2,063 


190 
9 
6 
117 
52 
24 

1,119 

48 
44 

19 

29 

37 

1,295 

1,751 

1,493 

79 

50 

1,202 

3,866 

667 

323 


32 


3 




295 

12 

8 

219 

101 

57 

1,862 
41 
492 

39 

80 

73 

2,272 

2,853 

2,689 
98 

102 
1,854 
6,222 
1,066 

655 

1 
26 
23 
149 
9 
2,160 
86 
28 
19 

55 
67 
237 
314 

157 

197 

19,615 

200 

3,390 

1,216 

440 

368 

5,761 

8,245 

917 

1,837 

3,475 
1,630 
5,270 


74 
4 
1 
61 
40 
13 

460 

17 

436 

14 
26 
27 
640 
663 

527 
21 
32 

419 
1,263 

235 

299 


181 
7 
6 

112 
38 
27 

1,106 
21 
46 

20 
43 
32 

1,387 
1,800 

1,669 

64 

49 

1,225 

4,101 

698 

307 

1 
6 
13 
79 
2 
1,362 
53 
16 
13 

38 

42 

156 

219 

89 

114 

12,495 

120 

2,362 
834 
293 
248 

3,810 

6,670 
6.S3 

1,232 

2,265 

922 

3,119 


37 


3 
1 












1 
14 
6 
7 

187 
3 
6 

7 
11 

6 
240 
238 

177 

9 

8 

90 

327 

66 

71 


1 
3 

1 
1 

18 




1 
42 
22 
17 

253 
3 
9 

5 
10 
13 

318 
341 

390 
13 
21 
191 
766 
127 
43 




Massachusetts 




4 
1 










Connecticut 






Middle Atlantic: 


31 


28 


15 






Pennsylvania 


1 




1 




East North Central: 

Ohio 








2 
2 
16 
47 

28 




1 

1 
20 
46 

60 




Tllinnis 






Afich igan , . , , , , 


12 
15 

42 

1 


7 
3 


WLsOOnsin , . , 


West North Central: 




Iowa 






1 
5 

61 
4 

13 






North Dakota 


18 

60 

2 

4 


10 
65 
6 
5 


9 
37 


South Dakota 


Nebraska 


1 






South Atlantic: 

Delaware 






7 
10 
82 

6 
1,384 
57 
13 
16 

41 

30 

145 

224 

70 

111 

11,542 

123 

2,167 
775 
295 
231 

3,642 

5,389 
675 

1,132 

1,986 

787 

2,794 


2 

2 
10 


1 
1 




18 

44 
6 
698 
18 
10 
6 

12 
17 
59 
53 

40 

64 

4,613 

44 

632 

148 

40 

73 

1,021 

1,411 

86 

264 

546 

344 

1,191 


2 
3 

23 

1 

193 

13 

2 

1 

3 

8 
21 
37 

20 

18 

2,337 

32 

451 
194 

46 
788 
1,001 
125 
271 

606 
331 
845 






District of Cflhimbia 








Virginia 




2 


I 


West Virgmia 


1 
6 








76 
7 
2 
3 

3 

5 

8 

38 

4 

20 

1,043 

17 

151 
80 
46 
33 
455 
590 
111 
135 

266 
126 
580 


4 


2 

1 




.^nnth Carolina. 


I 


Georgia 








Florida 










East South Central: 


1 


2 


1 


1 


Tennessee 


Alabama 






1 
3 

7 






3 

2 


3 




West South Central: 






1 

181 

2 

18 

29 

33 

3 

7 

179 

17 

66 

53 
5 

52 






100 
2 

22 
29 
3 
5 
50 
98 
14 
6 

37 
26 
65 


159 
3 

31 
25 




Texas 


1 
14 


Mountain: 

Montana 




15 
30 


Wyommg 


Colorado 


1 
134 
188 
13 
12 

29 
29 
67 






8 
75 
U 

58 

30 
4 

48 




Utah 




PAcmc: 

Washington 




California 





MARITAL CONDITION. 



165 



MARITAL CONDITION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES, BY 

PRINCIPAL STOCKS AND TRIBES: 1910. 



(This table shows each stock and tribe having 200 or more Indians in 1910. Per cent not shown where base is less than 50.J 



Table 66 


INDIAN MALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


INDIAN FEMALES 15 YEARS OF AGE 


UTD over: 1910. 




STOCK AND TRIBE. 


Total. 


Single. 

* 


Married. 


Widowed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Widowed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condi- 




Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 

cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


tion 
not re- 
ported. 


Algonquian stock. . 


12,S49 


4,598 


35.8 


7,160 


55.7 


898 


7.0 


93 


100 


11,974 


2,653 


22.2 


7,670 


63.2 


1,530 


12.8 


140 


81 




474 

1,020 

6,180 

132 

249 

168 

117 

81 

454 

76 

928 

151 

104 

639 

795 

245 

347 

169 

8,285 


95 

202 

2,297 

63 
116 

51 

27 

38 
148 

38 
336 

54 

28 
212 
318 

85 
1.33 

71 

2,393 


20.0 
25.7 
37.2 
47.7 
46.6 
30.4 
23.1 
46.9 
32.6 
50.0 
36.2 
35.8 
26.9 
33.2 
40.0 
.34.7 
38. 3 
42.0 

28.9 


322 

694 

3,352 

64 
118 
108 

73 

34 
259 

34 
489 

81 

65 
408 
384 
139 
193 

78 

5.270 


67.9 
68.0 
54.2 
48.5 
47.4 
64.3 
62.4 
42.0 
57.0 
44.7 
52.7 
53.6 
62.5 
63.8 
48.3 
56.7 
55.6 
46.2 

63.6 


25 
56 
426 

5 
14 

8 
16 

6 
■14 

4 
95 
15 

9 
13 
83 
18 
20 
18 

423 


5.3 

5.5 
6.9 
3.8 
5.6 
4.8 

13.7 
7.4 
9.7 
5.3 

10.2 
9.9 
8.7 
2.0 

10.4 
7.3 
5.8 

10.7 

5.1 


3 

5 

66 


29 
3 

49 


437 
1,107 
5,830 
126 
252 
154 

97 

63 
356 

60 
821 
126 

97 
649 
690 
199 
386 
156 

8,446 


33 

187 

1,353 

33 

64 

26 

16 

17 

81 

23 

195 

29 

28 

113 

143 

42 

98 

33 

1,297 


7.6 
16.9 
23.2 
26.2 
25.4 
16.9 
16.5 
27.0 
22.8 
38.3 
23.8 
23.0 
28.9 
17.4 
24.2 
21.1 
25.4 
21.2 

15.4 


315 

758 

3,620 

79 
142 
108 

66 

35 
227 

27 
604 

78 

58 
461 
379 
128 
227 

96 

5,692 


72.1 
68.5 
62.1 
62.7 
56.3 
70.1 
68.0 
65.6 
63.8 
45.0 
61.4 
61.9 
59.8 
71.0 
64.2 
64.3 
58.8 
61.5 

67.4 


65 
136 

738 
11 
42 
18 
13 
10 
45 
10 

115 
19 
9 
05 
64 
28 
56 
24 

1,166 


14.9 
12.2 
12.7 

8.7 
16.7 
11.7 
13.4 
15.9 
12.6 
16.7 
14.0 
15.1 

9.3 
10.0 
10.8 
14.1 
14.5 
15.4 

13.8 


1 

24 

79 

1 

4 

2 


23 


Cheyenne 


3 




40 


Cree 


2 




1 








1 
1 








2 




3 
3 


1 
3 
















Ottawa 


4 
1 
2 
2 

7 


4 


6 


1 










2 
3 
4 






4 
3 
3 
1 


7 








1 






5 
2 

237 






2 

79 


1 


Ath.*.paskan stock. . 


120 


55 




1,472 
194 
215 
112 

5,918 

119 

68 

564 


349 
76 
59 
28 
1,762 
38 
21 

193 


23.7 
39.2 
27.4 
25.0 
29.8 
31.9 
30.9 

34.2 


940 

101 

130 

70 

3,814 

59 

43 

333 


63.9 
52.1 
60.5 
62.5 
64.4 
49.6 
63.2 

59.0 


118 
17 
17 
13 

2-28 
18 
2 

32 


8.0 
8.8 
7.9 

11.6 
3.9 

15.1 
2.9 

5.7 


17 


48 


1,529 
218 
221 
157 

5,940 

110 

74 

566 


189 
63 
49 
27 

897 
17 
17 

132 


12.4 
28.9 
22.2 
17.2 
15.1 
15.5 
23.0 

23.3 


987 

119 

127 

75 

4,148 

67 

46 

3.53 


64.6 
54.6 
57.5 
47.8 
69.8 
60.9 
62.2 

62.4 


300 
35 
34 
52 

680 
21 
11 

70 


19.6 
16.1 
15.4 
33.1 
11.4 
19.1 
14.9 

13.4 


43 


10 




1 




9 

1 

43 

4 

2 

1 




10 

3 

174 

4 


1 










71 


41 




1 


Wailaki 








5 


4 


1 




136 
131 
195 
95 

99 


40 
50 
69 
32 

29 


29.4 
38.2 
35.4 
33.7 

29.3 


81 

70 

121 

57 

67 


59.6 
53.4 
62.1 
60.0 

67.7 


10 
10 
5 
6 


7.4 
7.6 
2.6 
6.3 


1 


4 
1 


140 
110 
212 
99 

109 


38 
21 
49 
24 

9 


27.1 
19.1 
23.1 
24.2 

8.3 


90 

72 

129 

67 

81 


64.3 
65.5 
60.8 
57.6 

74.3 


10 
16 
32 
18 

17 


7.1 
14.5 
15.1 
18.2 

15.6 


1 
1 
2 


1 












Wichita 










3 




2 
















81 
289 


23 

103 


28.4 
35.6 


55 
161 


67.9 
55.7 






3 




93 
275 


8 
48 


8.6 
17.5 


71 
176 


76.3 
64.0 


14 
50 


15.1 
18.2 








24 


8.3 


1 




1 










Chinook 


100 
78 
94 

1,583 


48 
21 
27 

526 


48.0 
26.9 
28.7 

33.1 


39 
55 
68 

1,006 


39.0 
70.5 
61.7 

63.4 


13 
1 
9 

48 


13.0 
1.3 
9.6 

3.0 






75 
82 
98 

1,624 


15 

16 
15 

467 


20.0 
19.5 
15.3 

28.8 


50 
46 
66 

1,010 


66.7 
56.1 

67.3 

62.2 


10 
20 
16 

141 


13.3 

24.4 
16.3 

8.7 










1 












1 


Croatan group 


4 


4 


1 


5 


Croatan 


1,588 
10,946 


526 
4,171 


33.1 
38.1 


1,006 
6,007 


63.4 
54.9 


48 
603 


3.0 
5.5 


4 
69 


4 
96 


1,624 
10,132 


467 
2,658 


28.8 
26.2 


1,010 
6,225 


62.2 
61.4 


141 
1,096 


8.7 
10.8 


1 
96 


5 


IROQUOIAN STOCK 


57 


Cherokee 


8,208 
115 
805 
121 
420 
964 
155 
109 

229 


3,134 

43 

299 

51 

173 

334 

72 

49 

100 


38.2 
37.4 
37.1 
42.1 
41.2 
34.6 
46.5 
45.0 

43.7 


4,581 

56 

443 

60 

207 

511 

72 

52 

108 


55.8 
48.7 
55.0 
49.6 
49.4 
53.0 
46.5 
47.7 

47.2 


389 
7 
47 
10 
28 
97 
U 
6 

20 


4.7 
, 6.1 
6.8 
8.3 
6.7 
10.1 
7.1 
5.5 

8.7 


39 


65 
9 


7,741 
131 
682 
113 
319 
903 
114 
87 

233 


2,036 
25 
155 
34 
105 
219 
36 
28 

51 


26.3 
19.1 
22.7 
30.1 
32.9 
24.3 
31.6 
32.2 

21.9 


4,797 

91 

444 

58 

181 

527 

62 

51 

141 


62.0 
69.5 
65.1 
51.3 
56.7 
58.4 
54.4 
58.6 

60.5 


814 
12 
67 
21 
28 

126 
15 
8 

38 


10.5 
9.2 
9.8 

18.6 
8.8 

14.0 

13.2 
9.2 

16.3 


52 

1 
15 


42 


Mohawk 


2 




16 


1 








s t R eeis 




12 
9 




S 




13 


27 
1 


4 








1 

1 


1 






2 


1 










229 
1,340 


100 
481 


43.7 
35.9 


108 
718 


47.2 
53.6 


20 
140 


8.7 
10.4 


1 
1 




233 
1,154 


51 
263 


21.9 
22.8 


141 
733 


60.5 
63.6 


38 
166 


16.3 
13.5 


2 
2 


1 


EERESAN STOCK 














210 
86 

462 

198 
85 

262 

293 


72 
20 
165 
86 
35 
84 

61 


34.3 
23.3 
35.7 
43.4 
41.2 
32.1 

20.8 


125 
60 

254 
80 
35 

150 

225 


59.5 
69.8 
55.0 
40.4 
41.2 
57.3 

76.8 


12 
6 
43 
32 
15 
28 

6 


5.7 
7.0 
9.3 
16.2 
17.6 
10.7 

2.0 


1 




214 
74 

418 

135 
47 

232 

314 


45 

9 

109 

29 
8 

56 

31 


21.0 
12.2 
26.1 
21.5 

'24.i' 
9.9 


132 
53 

254 
85 
34 

154 

251 


61.7 
71.6 
60.8 
63.0 

'ai'.i 

79.9 


35 
12 
56 
21 
6 
22 

27 


16.4 
16.2 
13.2 
15.6 


2 




Cochiti 






































9.5 
8.6 






KlOWAX STOCK 




1 


1 


4 










293 

181 


61 
45 


20.8 
24.9 


225 
121 


76.8 
66.9 


6 
U 


2.0 
6.1 




1 


314 
154 


31 
IS 


9.9 
11.7 


251 
116 


79.9 
76.3 


27 
20 


8.6 
13.0 


1 


•4 


Kdtenaian stock 


4 










Zutenai 


181 


45 


24.9 


121 


66.9 


U 


6.1 


4 





154 


18 


11.7 


116 


75.3 


20 


13.0 








166 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



MARITAL CONDITION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES, BY 

PRINCIPAL STOCKS AND TRIBES: 1910— Continued. 



[This table shows each stock and tribe having 200 or more Indians in 1910. Per cent not shomi where base is less than 50.J 



Table 6G—Contd. 




INDIAN MALES 15 YEAKS OF AGE 


AKD over: 1910 




INDIAN FEMALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


STOCK AND TEIBE. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Widowed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Widowed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 




Num 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


tion 
not re- 
ported. 




293 


115 


38.6 


153 


51.3 


27 


9.1 


3 




332 


66 


19.9 


174 


52.4 


88 


26.5 


• 4 












213 

85 

364 


86 
29 

130 


40.4 
34.1 

35.7 


108 
45 

179 


50.7 
52.9 

49.2 


17 
10 

45 


8.0 
11.8 

12.4 


2 

1 

7 




240 
92 

316 


50 
16 

62 


20.8 
17.4 

19.6 


130 
44 

195 


54.2 
47.8 

61.7 


60 
23 

56 


25.0 
30.4 

17.7 






Modoc 




4 
1 




Maidu stock 


3 


2 






Maidu 


364 

220 


130 

72 


35.7 
32.7 


179 

117 


49.2 
53.2 


45 
24 


12.4 
10.9 


7 
2 


3 
5 


316 
236 


62 
51 


19.6 
21.6 


195 
130 


61.7 
55.1 


56 
50 


17.7 
21.2 


1 
2 




MlWOK STOCK 


3 


Miwok 


208 
7,745 


67 
2,587 


32.2 
33.4 


112 

4,582 


53.8 
59.2 


22 
478 


10.6 
6.2 


2 
41 


5 
57 


229 
7,606 


47 
1,761 


20.5 
23.2 


127 
4,721 


55.5 
62.1 


50 
1,013 


21.8 
13.3 


2 

70 


3 


MUSKHOGEAN STOCK. . 


41 




93 

955 
4,174 
1,958 

535 

2,715 


39 

347 

1,3S6 

629 

175 

843 


41.9 
36.3 
33.2 
32.1 
32.7 

31.0 


46 

545 

2,468 

1,192 

313 

1,622 


49.5 
57.1 
59.1 
60.9 
58.5 

59.7 


8 
48 
265 
119 
37 

208 


8.6 
5.0 
6.3 
6.1 
6.9 

7.7 






85 

1,012 

3,995 

1,994 

494 

2,440 


26 
262 
912 
445 
109 

515 


30.6 
25.9 
22.8 
22.3 
22.1 

21.1 


46 

607 

2,511 

1,229 

310 

1,633 


54.1 
60.0 
62.9 
61.6 
62.8 

66.9 


13 

128 

504 

299 

68 

259 


1.5.3 

12.6 
12.6 
15.0 
13.8 

10.6 






Chickasaw 


6 
19 
10 

6 

8 


9 

36 

8 

4 

34 


7 
40 
17 

6 

6 


s 


Choctaw 


28 


Creek 




Seminole 


1 


PiM AN STOCK 


27 








1,143 

1,369 

189 

412 


351 

413 

71 

114 


30.7 
30.2 
37.6 

27.7 


694 
812 
111 

242 


60.7 
59.3 

58.7 

58.7 


62 
138 

7 

45 


5.4 
10.1 
3.7 

10.9 


2 
6 


34 


1,087 

1,212 

129 

395 


255 

238 

19 

71 


23.5 
19.6 
14.7 

18.0 


720 
802 
103 

237 


66.2 
66.2 
79.8 

60.0 


83 
168 

7 

72 


7.6 
13.9 
5.4 

18.2 


2 
4 


27 












POMO STOCK 


8 


3 


11 


4 






Porno 


269 
2,521 


73 
800 


27.1 
31.7 


162 
1,480 


60.2 
58.7 


23 

186 


8.6 
7.4 


8 
21 


3 
34 


260 
2,351 


46 

387 


17.7 
16.5 


154 

1,545 


59.2 
65.7 


48 
388 


18.5 
16.5 


10 
16 


2 


SALISHAN STOCK 


15 




93 

121 

102 

137 

262 

144 

191 

87 

84 

101 

92 

78 

212 

207 

95 

110 

1,392 


30 
42 
29 
34 
105 
54 
58 
26 
26 
43 
22 
30 
66 
52 
32 
29 

363 


32.3 
34.7 
28.4 
24 8 
40.1 
37.5 
30.4 
29.9 
31.0 
42.6 
23.9 
38.5 
31.1 
25.1 
33.7 
26.4 

26.1 


57 
74 
70 
81 

124 
81 

119 
47 
50 
49 
62 
39 

122 

133 
58 
74 

861 


61.3 
61.2 
68.6 
59.1 
47.3 
56.3 
62.3 
54.0 
59.5 
48.5 
07.4 
50.0 
57.5 
64.3 
61.1 
67.3 

61.9 


6 
3 
2 
11 
23 
8 
12 
9 
4 
8 

17 

21 

4 

5 

112 


6.5 
2.5 
2.0 
8.0 
8.8 
5.6 
6.3 

10.3 
4.8 
7.9 
7.6 
9.0 
8.0 

10.1 
4.2 
4.5 

8.0 






69 

102 

85 

118 

237 

134 

189 

70 

92 

97 

86 

87 

190 

228 

83 

102 

1,594 


13 

15 
11 
15 
48 
24 
24 
15 
16 
30 
9 
16 
29 
45 
15 
12 

248 


18.8 
14.7 
12.9 
12.7 
20.3 
17.9 
12.7 
21.4 
17.4 
30.9 
10.5 
18.4 
15.3 
19.7 
18.1 
11.8 

15.6 


45 
76 
64 
73 

149 
90 

127 
50 
57 
48 
65 
51 

131 

146 
54 
69 

978 


65.2 
74.5 
75.3 
61.9 
62.9 
67.2 
67.2 
71.4 
62.0 
49.5 
75.6 
68.6 
68. 9 
54.0 
65.1 
67.6 

61.4 


8 
8 
10 
25 
37 
19 
37 
4 
19 
IS 
12 
20 
24 
35 
12 
21 

318 


11.6 

7.8 
11.8 
21.2 
1.5.6 
14.2 
19.6 

5.7 
20.7 
IS. 6 
14.0 
23.0 
12.6 
15.4 
14.5 
20.6 

19.9 


3 
2 




Clallam 


2 

1 




1 








Columbia 


11 
2 


1 
2 

1 
1 


4 


Colville 


8 
1 
2 


1 


Flathead 












5 
2 


1 


Okinagan . . 


2 

1 
1 






Puvallim 


1 












2 
6 

1 








1 




6 




1 
2 


1 




1 






2 
23 




ShAHAPTIAN STOCK... 


33 


30 


20 


Klikitat 


131 
425 
89 
119 
105 
411 

489 


35 
107 

18 
45 
27 
120 

151 


26.7 
25.2 
20.2 
37.8 
16.4 
29.2 

30.9 


84 

261 

57 

65 

123 

236 

284 


64.1 
61.4 
64.0 
64.6 
74.5 
57.4 

58.1 


5 
33 

11 

8 

14 

39 

51 


3.8 
7.8 
12.4 
6.7 
8.5 
9.5 

10.4 


6 
15 
2 

1 

8' 

3 


1 
9 

1 


162 
447 
114 
116 
193 
501 

537 


31 
62 
13 
24 

22 
87 

123 


19.1 
13.9 
11.4 

20.7 
11.4 
17.4 

22.9 


96 
279 
55 
75 
131 
308 


59.3 
62.4 
48.2 
64.7 
67.9 
61.5 


29 
88 
38 
13 
40 
93 

92 


17.9 
19.7 
33.3 
11.2 
20.7 
13.6 

17.1 


2 

10 
6 
4 


4 




8 




2 








1 

8 




Yakima 


8 
6 


5 




311 57.9 


5 










• 86 

305 

98 

5,696 


18 
78 
55 

1,542 


20.9 
25.6 
56.1 

27.1 


58 
187 
39 

3,408 


67.4 
61.3 
39.8 

59.8 


10 
38 
3 

541 


11.6 
12.5 
3.1 

9.5 






85 
337 
115 

5,440 


9 

75 


10.6 
22.3 


62 
206 
43 

3,598 


72.9 
61.1 
37.4 

66.1 


13 
47 
32 

852 


15.3 
13.9 
27.8 

15.7 


1 
4 

1 

94 




Pit River 


2 

1 

87 




5 






39 33. 9 




SHOSHONEAN STOCK.. 


120 


806 


14.8 


90 




160 
122 
359 
651 

291 
422 
274 

1,032 
173 

1,320 
783 


54 
28 
84 

172 
95 

123 
82 

243 
8S 

329 

193 


33.8 
23.0 
23.4 
26.4 
32.6 
29.1 
29.9 
23.5 
50.9 
24.9 
25.3 


91 

79 
246 
368 
147 
245 
161 
655 

63 
837 
462 


56.9 
64.8 
68.5 
56.5 
50.5 
58.1 
58.8 
6.1.5 
36.4 
6.1.4 
59.0 


13 
15 
28 
67 
40 
42 
26 
70 
20 
111 
98 


8.1 
12.3 

7.8 
10.3 
13.7 
10.0 

9.5 

6.8 
11.6 

8.4 
12.5 


2 




148 

112 
384 
538 
226 
505 
238 

1,118 
1.55 

1.274 
634 


22 
8 
55 
87 
49 
90 
39 

143 
66 

161 
59 


14.9 

7.1 
14.3 
16.2 
21.7 
17.8 
16.4 
12.8 
42.6 
12.6 

9.3 


99 
76 
2.50 
360 
142 
299 
157 
7.50 
65 
876 
463 


66.9 
67.9 
65.1 
66.9 
62.8 
59.2 
66.0 
67.1 
41.9 
&S.8 
73.0 


25 
26 
74 
54 
29 
94 
40 

173 
22 

202 
94 


16.9 
23.2 
19.3 
10.0 
12.8 
IS. 6 
16.8 
15.5 
14.2 
15.9 
11. S 


2 
1 
4 

37 
1 

14 
2 
5 
2 

16 
9 








1 




1 
43 




1 


Hopi 


1 
9 
3 
3 
60 






5 




9 
2 
4 
2 
15 
9 


8 









47 








28 
16 


19 


ut« 


9 



MARITAL CONDITION. 



167 



JIARITAL CONDITION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES, BY 

PRINCIPAL STOCKS AND TRIBES: 1910— Continued. 



(This table shows each stock and tribe having 200 or n-ore Indians in 1910. Per cent not shown where base is less than 50.) 



Table 6&—Contd. 




mnlAN MALES 15 TEARS OP AGE 


AND ovek: 191C 


. 


IKDIAN FEMALES 15 YEARS OP AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


STOCK AND TRIBE. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Widowed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Widowed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 




Num- 
ber, 


Per 

cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 

cent. 


tion 
not re- 
ported. 


SlOUAN STOCK 


10.517 


3,107 


29.5 


6,692 


63.6 


546 


5.2 


91 


81 


10,509 


2,062 


19.6 


6,976 


66.4 


1,315 


12.5 


99 


57 




397 

608 

169 

T2 

77 

67 

344 

381 

111 

264 

58 

470 

396 

832 

4,551 

268 

354 

130 

1,866 

61 

173 

112 

1,587 

602 

660 

421 

1,120 


105 
132 
69 
22 
23 
18 
106 
114 
32 
84 
21 
144 
191 
246 
1,341 
66 
102 
38 
575 
22 
53 
33 
452 
186 
162 
100 

347 


26.4 
21.7 
40.8 
30.6 
29.9 
26.9 
30.8 
29.9 
28.8 
31.8 
36.2 
30.6 
4S.2 
29.6 
29.5 
24.6 
28.8 
29.2 
30.8 
36.1 
30.6 
29.5 
28.5 
30.9 
24.5 
23.8 

31.0 


277 

413 

93 

46 

50 

39 

217 

244 

76 

170 

33 

298 

1S6 

529 

2,884 

183 

236 

76 

1,187 

37 

109 

71 

9S5 

364 

458 

292 

641 


69.8 
67.9 
55.0 
63.9 
64.9 
58.2 
63.1 
64.0 
68.5 
64.4 
56.9 
63.4 
47.0 
6.3.6 
63.4 
68.3 
66.7 
58.5 
63.6 
60.7 
63.0 
63.4 
62.1 
60.5 
69.4 
69.4 

57.2 


14 

56 

3 

2 

2 

5 

21 

15 

2 

9 

3 

22 

12 

38 

249 

13 

16 

15 

89 

1 

9 

6 

100 

36 

35 

19 

lis 


3.5 
9.2 

1.8 
2.8 
2.6 
7.5 
6.1 
3.9 
1.8 
3.4 
5.2 
4.7 
3.0 
4.6 
5.5 
4.9 
•4.5 
11.5 
4.8 
1.6 
5.2 
5.4 
6.3 
6.0 
5.3 
4.5 

10.5 




1 
1 
4 

1 


414 
626 
153 

68 

33 

73 
317 
351 

96 
268 

64 
471 
295 
800 
4,673 
260 
364 
154 
1,930 

68 
161 

75 

1,671 

588 

719 

470 

932 


54 

85 

42 

19 

8 

21 

49 

81 

12 

70 

15 

101 

92 

140 

935 

39 

65 

31 

394 

11 

26 

14 

355 

127 

133 

75 

172 


13.0 
13.6 
27.5 
27.9 

"28.' s' 
15.5 
23.1 
12.5 
26.1 
23.4 
21.4 
31.2 
17.5 
20.0 
15.0 
17.9 
20.1 
20.4 
19.0 
16.1 
18.7 
21.2 
21.6 
18.5 
16.0 

18.5 


307 

432 

91 

46 

23 

35 

224 

235 

74 

176 

38 

303 

169 

535 

3,073 

178 

245 

93 

1,294 

37 

116 

53 

1,057 

373 

610 

312 

639 


74.2 
69.0 
59.5 
67.6 

'47.'9" 
70.7 
67.0 
77.1 
65.7 
59.4 
64.3 
57.3 
66.9 
65.8 
68.5 
67.3 
60.4 
67.0 
63.8 
72.0 
70.7 
63.3 
63.4 
70.9 
66.4 

68.6 


50 

105 

18 

3 

2 

13 

44 

31 

9 

20 

9 

60 

27 

114 

591 

31 

49 

29 

227 

10 

16 

8 

221 

76 

66 

72 

113 


12.1 
16.8 
11.8 
4.4 


2 
2 


1 




6 


2 




2 




1 
2 














5 


17.8 
13.9 
8.8 
9.4 
7.5 
14.1 
12.7 
9.2 
14.3 
12.6 
11.9 
13.5 
18.8 
11.8 
17.2 
9.9 
10.7 
13.2 
12.9 
9.2 
15.3 

12.1 




4 












3 

1 
1 


5 


4 

1 
1 
1 

i 

8 
62 
10 
3 
1 
12 




Oto 








1 




1 
1 
5 
11 
32 
3 


1 


Santee Sioux 


5 
2 
8 
45 
3 


2 




5 




3 




22 




2 


Hunkpapa Sioux 

Minniconjou Sioux 




1 
5 
1 
2 
2 
31 
9 
2 
6 

7 






10 


3 










3 










Other Teton Sioux 


19 
7 
3 
4 

7 


23 
9 
5 
6 

5 


15 
3 




5 


Yanktonai Sioux 


5 


Tanoan stock 


3 




352 
1S9 
138 
97 
169 

99 


104 
55 
44 
39 
44 

23 


29.5 
29.1 
31.9 
40.2 
26.0 

23.2 


213 
105 
76 
47 
106 

61 


60.5 
55.6 
55.1 
48.5 
62.7 

61.6 


29 
23 
17 
10 
19 

12 


8.2 
12.2 
12.3 
10.3 
11.2 

12.1 


6 




305 
139 
113 
79 
139 

107 


31 
26 
22 
29 
30 

12 


10.2 

18.7 
19.5 
36.7 
21.6 

11.2 


211 
100 
79 
43 
101 

52 


69.2 
71.9 
69.9 
54.4 
72.7 

48.6 


68 

11 

11 

7 

8 

36 


19.0 
7.9 
9.7 
8.9 
5.8 

33.6 


5 






6 
1 


2 








1 




1 














Waiilatpu^k stock 


3 




7 












87 
130 


20 

28 


23.0 

21.5 


56 

94 


64.4 
72.3 


8 

8 


9.2 
6.2 


3 




99 
117 


11 
15 


11.1 
12.8 


46 
83 


46.5 
70.9 


36 
19 


36.4 
16.2 


6 






















122 
295 


27 

77 


22.1 
2«.l 


87 
187 


71.3 
63.4 


8 
22 


6.6 

7.5 






102 
292 


14 
43 


13.7 
14.7 


71 

208 


69.6 
71.2 


17 
30 


16.7 
10.3 






Washoax stock 


3 


6 


8 


3 




295 
261 


77 
86 


26.1 
33.0 


187 
130 


63.4 
49.8 


22 
43 


7.5 
16.5 


3 
2 


6 


292 
217 


43 

34 


14.7 
1.5.7 


208 
157 


71.2 
72.4 


30 
24 


10.3 
11.1 


8 
2 


3 












Wintun 


142 
192 


54 

65 


38.0 
33.9 


61 
107 


43.0 

55.7 


25 
20 


17.6 
10.4 


2 




120 
164 


25 
31 


20. S 
13.9 


82 
108 


68.3 
65.9 


12 
24 


10.0 
14.6 


1 

1 




YOKUTS STOCK .. 














Yokuts 


117 
1,561 


38 
4.55 


32.5 
29.1 


65 
875 


55.6 
66.1 


14 
160 


12.0 
10.2 






85 
1,272 


14 
205 


16.5 
16.1 


61 
8.30 


71.8 
66.8 


10 
185 


11.8 
14.5 






YUMAN STOCK 


16 


55 


17 


15 


Cocopa 


94 
267 
127 
397 
165 

99 
324 

213 


35 
98 
33 
97 
49 
22 
99 

68 


37.2 
36.7 
26.0 
24.4 
29.7 
22.2 
30.6 

31.9 


40 
131 

75 
223 
101 

67 
186 

115 


42.6 
49.1 
59.1 
56.2 
61.2 
67.7 
57.4 

.■;4 n 


13 
26 
18 
40 
13 
9 
29 

30 


13.8 
9.7 

14.2 
10.1 
7.9 
9.1 
9.0 

14.1 




6 
10 

1 
35 

1 


78 
209 
118 
310 
123 

88 
284 

224 


18 
42 
21 
29 
6 
10 
75 

35 


23.1 
20.1 
17.8 
9.4 
4.9 
11.4 
26.4 

15.6 


45 
127 

82 
212 
103 

63 
166 

137 


57.7 
60.8 
69.5 
68.4 
83.7 
71.6 
58.5 

61.2 


14 
30 
15 
64 
14 
10 
32 

51 


17.9 
14.4 
12.7 
20.6 
11.4 
11.4 
11.3 

22.8 




1 




2 


1 


9 








2 

1 
1 
10 


1 


4 






Yavapai 


5 
10 

1 








1 


YUROK STOCK 
















Weitspec 


213 

563 


68 
144 


31.9 
2.5.6 


115 
345 


54.0 
fil 3 


30 
57 


14.1 
10.1 






224 
504 


35 
61 


15.6 
12.1 


137 
349 


61.2 
69.2 


51 
63 


22.8 
12.5 


1 
31 






17 














Zuni 


563 


144 


25.6 


345 1 61.3 


57 


10.1 


17 




504 


61 


12.1 


349 


69.2 


63 


12.5 


31 











:i68 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



MARITAL CONDITION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER, CLASSIFIED BY AGE PERIODS, 

FOR 22 SELECTED STATES: 1910. 



[Per cent not shown where base is less than 50.] 



Table 67 


INDIAN MALES 15 TEAKS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


INDIAN FEMALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OTEB: 1910. 


STATE AND AGE 
PERIOD. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Widowed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Widowed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condi- 




Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num. 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Ntun. 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
Iwr. 


Per 
cent. 


tion 
not re- 
ported. 


Arizona. 
15 years and over. 


8,752 


2,496 


28.5 


5,389 


61.6 


590 


6.7 


98 


179 


8,245 


1,411 


17.1 


5,570 


67.6 


1.001 


12.1 


188 


75 


15 to 19 years 


1,661 
1,078 
1,819 
1.596 
1,720 
785 
93 

5,554 


1,514 
541 
256 
81 
67 
30 
7 

2,063 


91.1 
50.2 
14.1 
5.1 
3.9 
3.8 
7.5 

37.1 


88 

475 

1,452 

1,378 

1,403 

556 

37 

2.794 


5.3 

44.1 
79.8 
86.3 
81.6 
70.8 
39.8 

50.3 


■J 

18 
61 
97 

099 

186 
4 

580 


0.1 
1.7 
3.4 
6.1 
12.9 
23.7 
4.3 

10.4 


8 

7 

30 

26 

20 

7 


49 
37 
20 
14 
8 
6 
45 

52 


1,524 
1,081 
1,775 
1,476 
1,602 
719 
68 

5,270 


1,029 
215 
97 
24 
21 
20 
5 

1,191 


67.5 
19.9 
5.5 
1.6 
1.3 
2.8 
7.4 

22.6 


438 

790 

1,539 

1,313 

1,152 

289 

49 

3,119 


2S.7 
73.1 
86.7 
89.0 
71.9 
40.2 
72.1 

59.2 


14 
40 
81 
106 
374 
381 
5 

845 


0.9 
3.7 
4.6 
7 2 
23! 3 
53.0 
7.4 

16.0 


22 
24 
46 

28 
45 
21 
2 

67 


21 




12 


25 to 34 years 


12 




5 


45 to 64 years 


10 


65 years and over 

Age unknown 

California. 

15 years and over. 


8 
7 


65 


48 




900 

661 
1,103 

944 
1,256 

648 
42 

491 


868 
485 
390 
158 
118 
38 
6 

219 


96.4 
73.4 
35.4 
16.7 
9.4 
5.9 

44.6 


17 
161 
632 
680 
930 
355 

19 

231 


1.9 
24.4 
57.3 
72.0 
74.0 
54.8 

47.0 








15 
5 
3 

7 

1 

13 

3 


873 

593 
1,042 

892 
1,132 

686 
52 

368 


715 
222 
157 
51 
32 
10 
4 

73 


81.9 
37.4 
15.1 
5.7 
2.8 
1.5 
7.7 

19.8 


133 
335 
794 
731 
825 
276 
25 

248 


15.2 
56.5 
76.2 
82.0 
72.9 
40.2 
48. 1 

67.4 


7 
19 
65 
93 
259 
390 
12 

46 


0.8 
3.2 
6.2 
10.4 
22.9 
56.9 
23.1 

12.5 


2 

13 
23 
14 
10 
5 


16 


20 to 24 years 


5 
54 
81 
193 
244 
3 

33 


0.8 
4.9 
8.6 
15.4 
37.7 

6.7 


5 

24 

18 

11 

6 

1 

5 


4 




3 


35 to 44 years 


3 




6 


65 years and over 

Ageimknown 

COLOEADO. 

15 years and over. 


5 
11 


1 






146 
70 
69 
83 
90 
30 
3 

1,206 


146 

46 

14 

7 

4 


100.0 
65.7 
30.3 

8.4 
4.4 














68 
53 
69 
76 
69 
31 
2 

1,216 


54 

12 

5 

1 

1 


79.4 

22.6 

7.2 

1.3 

1.4 


13 
37 
58 
70 
56 
13 
1 

S34 


19.1 
69.8 
84.1 
92.1 
81.2 

68.6 


1 

4 
6 
4 
12 
18 
1 

194 


1.5 

7.5 
8.7 
5.3 
17.4 








52 
68 
69 
20 


31.4 
75.4 
81.9 
76.7 


3 
5 
14 
9 


2.9 
4.3 
6.0 
15.6 




















35 to 44 years 


2 

i 


1 
1 


1 








65 years and over 

Age unknown 

Idaho. 

15 years and over. 






2 
293 




1 
29 






;:::::.:::::::: 




24.3 


775 


64.3 


80 


6.6 


29 


148 


12.2 


16.0 


25 


15 




139 
113 
220 
216 
340 
161 
17 

939 


127 
69 
54 
19 
14 
4 
6 

528 


91.4 
61.1 
24.5 
8.8 
4.1 
2.5 

56.2 


5 

39 
155 
1.S0 
278 
112 

6 

323 


3.6 
34.5 
70.5 
83.3 
81.8 
69.6 








7 
4 


154 

89 
228 
231 
322 
170 

22 

655 


113 
13 
8 
4 
4 
3 
3 

299 


73.4 
14.6 
3.5 
1.7 
1.2 
1.8 

45.6 


36 

68 

203 

203 

244 

71 

9 

307 


23.4 
76.4 
89.0 
87.9 
75.8 
41.8 

46.9 


6 
10 
19 
64 
91 

9 

43 


1.3 

6.7 
4.4 
8.2 
19.9 
53.5 


2 
2 
5 
5 
9 
2 


1 








1 
8 
7 
9 
4 






3 

8 

32 

37 


1.4 

3.7 

9.4 

23.0 


2 




7 
4 
5 

4 




45 to 64 years 


1 


65 years and over 

Age unknown 

Kansas. 

15 years and over. 


3 

8 


34.4 


71 


7.6 


13 


6.6 


s 


1 




278 
184 
176 
119 
132 
45 
5 

2,603 


277 
151 
63 
17 
16 
1 
3 

1,040 


99.6 
82.1 
35.8 
14.3 
12.1 


1 

31 
95 

88 
84 
24 


0.4 
16.8 
54.0 
73.9 
63.6 










251 

110 

102 

72 

84 

29 

7 

2,272 


228 

59 

6 

1 
1 


90.8 

53.6 

5.9 

1.4 

1.2 


21 
48 
92 
69 
64 
12 
1 

1,387 


8.4 
43.6 
90.2 
95.8 
76.2 

61.0 






1 
1 
1 


1 




1 
12 
10 

20 
1 

240 


0.5 

6.8 

8.4 

20.5 




1 


3 
2 
17 

'I 
31S 


1.8 

2.9 

2.8 

20.2 






6 
4 
3 












2 


2 




65 vears'and over 

Age unknown 

Michigan. 

15 years and over. 








1 
12 


4 

540 


23.8 








40.0 


1,295 


49.8 


9.2 


16 


14.0 


20 


•J 




400 
341 

517 
422 
648 
268 

2,661 


395 

265 

218 

86 

65 

8 

3 

921 


98.8 
77.7 
42.2 
20.4 
10.0 
3.0 

34.6 


3 
68 
275 
291 
475 
181 

2 

1,493 


0.8 
19.9 
53.2 
69.0 
73.3 
67.5 

56.1 








2 
4 

2 
1 
2 


380 
275 
422 
387 
553 
250 
5 

2,689 


326 

102 

64 

25 

16 

7 


85.8 
37.1 
15.2 
6.5 
2.9 
2.8 


51 
165 
326 
326 
421 

95 
3 

1,669 


13.4 
60.0 
77.3 
.84.2 
76.1 
3S.0 

62.1 








3 




9 

IS 
43 
99 
77 
1 

177 


0.6 
3.5 

10.2 
15.3 
28.7 


2 
4 
1 

7 
2 


7 
25 
25 
112 
148 
1 

390 


2.5 
5.9 
6.5 
20.3 
59.2 




1 


25 to 34 years... 


6 
10 
4 


1 


35 to 44 years 


1 


45 to 64 years. 




65 years and over 

Age unknown 

Minnesota. 

15 years and over. 




1 
42 




1 


6.7 


28 


527 


19.6 


14.5 


60 


43 




494 
369 
516 
482 
595 
198 
7 

386 


466 

244 

125 

49 

30 

7 


94.3 a 


1.8 
27.6 
71.3 
82.6 
80.2 
6S.7 


1 

3 
13 

31 

77 
52 


0.2 
0.8 
2.5 
6.4 
12.9 
26.3 




IS 

17 

1 


460 
341 
534 
495 
584 
272 
3 

314 


362 

115 

32 

13 

3 

2 


78.7 
33.7 
6.0 
2.6 
0.5 
0.7 


58 
208 
454 
419 
430 

97 
3 

219 


12.6 
61.0 
85.0 
84.6 
73.6 
35.7 


1 

5 

31 

46 

138 

109 


0.2 
1.5 

5.8 

9.3 

23.6 

62.1 


9 

8 
17 
17 
13 

3 


37 


20 to 24 years 


66.1 
24.2 
10.2 
5.0 
3.5 


102 
36S 
398 
477 
136 
3 

224 


3 
9 
4 
11 

1 


6 
















65 years and over 

Age unknown 

Mississippi. 

15 years and over. 


2 
4 

3 


1 


118 


30.6 


58.0 


38 


9.8 


3 


53 


16.9 


69.7 


37 


11.8 


3 


2 




71 


66 
31 
17 
2 
1 
1 


93.0 

46.3 

20.0 

3.4 

1.4 


5 
31 
60 
49 
58 
■'1 


7.0 
46.3 
70.6 
83.1 
84.1 




j 




48 
53 
81 
52 
56 
24 


32 

9 
9 

1 
1 
1 


'i7."6' 

11.1 
1.9 
1.8 


14 
43 
66 
46 
41 
9 










2 




67 
85 
59 
69 
34 
1 


3 

7 

6 

10 

12 


4.5 
8.2 
10.2 
14.5 




2 


81.1 
81.5 
88.5 
73.2 






1 
2 






1 
2 


4 
5 
14 
14 


4.9 
9.6 
25.0 


















65 years and over 

Age unknown 













. 


..".. 


i 










MARITAL CONDITION. 



169 



MARIT\L CONDITION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER, CLASSIFIED BY AGE PERIODS, 
iiAiMi. V. p^^ ^^ SELECTED STATES: 1910— Coutimied. 

[Per cent not shown where base is less than 50] 



Table 67— Contd. 


INDIAN MALES 15 VEAK3 OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


INDUN FEMALES 15 TEARS OP AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


STATE AND AOE 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Widowed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
jondition 

not 
reported. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Widowed. 


divorced. 


Marital 
condi- 




Num- 
ber. 


Per 

cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 

cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 

cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


tion 
not re- 
ported. 


Montana. 

15 years and over. 


3,354 


996 


29.7 


2,167 


64.6 


151 


4.5 


22 


IS 


3,390 


532 


15.7 


2,362 


69.7 


451 


13.3 


31 


14 




495 
428 
701 
674 
826 
228 
2 

1,106 


482 

283 

157 

41 

25 

6 

2 

367 


97.4 

66.1 

22.4 

6.1 

3.0 

2.6 


13 

134 
516 
600 
723 
181 


2.6 
31.3 
73.6 
89.0 
87.5 
79.4 










498 
376 
655 
60S 
884 
360 
9 

1,066 


391 
89 
32 
7 
7 
6 


78.5 

23.7 

4.9 

1.2 

0.8 


99 
272 
593 
551 
708 
134 
6 

698 


19.9 
72.3 
90.5 
90.6 
80.1 

65.5 


3 

4 

26 

43 

156 

216 

3 

127 


0.6 
1.1 
4.0 
7.1 
17.6 


4 
6 
4 

7 
8 
2 


1 




7 
19 
21 
66 
38 


1.6 
2.7 
3.1 
8.0 
16.7 




4 
4 
2 
5 
3 


5 




5 
10 




35 to 44 j*ears 

45 to 64 vears 


5 

2 


d5 years and over 

Age iinkno\vn 

Nebraska. 

15 years and over. 




1 


33.2 


667 


60.3 


66 


6.0 


4 


2 


235 


22.0 


11.9 


5 


1 




231 
156 
231 
174 
221 
92 
1 

1,828 


226 

87 

38 

9 

6 

1 


97.8 

55.8 

16.5 

5.2 

2.7 

1.1 


4 

64 

177 

149 

201 

71 

1 

1,132 


1.7 
41.0 
76.6 
85.6 
91.0 
77.2 








1 


213 
139 
237 
150 
210 
113 
4 

1,837 


173 

37 

21 

2 


81.2 

26.6 

8.9 

1.3 


39 
96 
210 
136 
174 
42 
1 

1,232 


18.3 
69.1 
88.6 
90.7 
82.9 
37.2 

67.1 


1 
5 
5 
11 
35 
68 
2 

271 


0.5 
3.6 
2.1 

7.3 
16.7 
60.2 








3 

15 
14 
14 
20 


1.9 
6.5 
8.0 
6.3 
21.7 


2 

1 
1 


1 

1 
1 
1 
1 













1 








65 years "and over 

Ageiinioiown 

Nevada. 

15 years and over. 






2 


1.8 









1 


489 


26.8 


61.9 


135 


7.4 


6 


66 


264 


14.4 


14.8 


12 


58 




226 
226 
372 
336 
416 
210 
42 

6,018 


211 
131 

78 

29 

30 

6 

4 

1,864 


93.4 

58.0 

21.0 

8.6 

7.2 

2.9 

31.0 


8 
85 
269 
286 
342 
137 

5 

3,642 


3.5 
37.6 
72.3 
85.1 
82.2 
65.2 








7 
6 
9 
3 
6 
2 
33 

7 


253 
189 
371 
372 
435 
180 
37 

5,761 


175 

34 

29 

10 

7 

3 

6 

1,021 


69.2 
18.0 
7.8 
2.7 
1.6 
1.7 

17.7 


65 
139 
307 
318 
324 


25.7 
73.5 
82.7 
85.5 
74.5 


5 2.0 




8 


on to 24 vears 


3 
16 

16 
37 
63 


1.3 

4.3 
4.8 
8.9 
30.0 


1 


8 
21 
39 
96 
101 
1 

788 


4.2 
5.7 
10.5 
22.1 
56.1 


3 

5 
2 
2 


5 






35 to 44 veai's 


2 
1 
2 


3 

6 








65 years and over 

Age imVnnwn 

New Mexico. 

15 years and over. 


7 




23 


60.5 


455 


7.6 


50 


3,810 


66.1 


13.7 


134 


8 


15 to 19 vpars 


984 

775 

1,347 

1,174 

1,233 

491 

14 

2,070 


949' 

483 

291 

78 

40 

22 

1 

715 


96.4 

62.3 

21.6 

6.6 

3.2 

4.5 

34.5 


30 

272 

995 

1,000 

1,020 

315 

10 

1,119 


3.0 
35.1 
73.9 
85.2 
82.7 
64.2 

54.1 


2 
11 
49 
86 
157 
148 
2 

187 


0.2 
1.4 
3.6 
7.3 
12.7 
30.1 


2 
7 
12 
10 
15 
4 


1 

2 


1,056 

796 

1,324 

1,050 

1,070 

448 

17 

1,862 


722 
154 
94 
13 
25 
11 
2 

460 


68.4 
19.3 
7.1 
1.2 
2.3 
2.5 

24.7 


312 
591 
1,129 
927 
704 
138 
9 

1,106 


29.5 
74.2 
85.3 
88.3 
65.8 
30.8 

59.4 


8 
21 
62 
84 
319 
289 
5 

253 


0.8 
2.6 
4.7 
8.0 
29.8 
64.5 


13 
30 
39 
26 
18 
8 


1 
















45 to 64 vears 


1 
2 
1 

31 


4 


65 years and over 

Age unknown 

New York. 

15 years and over. 


1 


9.0 


18 


13.6 


28 


15 




313 
279 
427 
369 
513 
155 
14 

2,204 


296 
201 
114 
47 
47 
7 
3 

734 


94.6 
72.0 
26.7 
12.7 
9.2 
4.5 

33.3 


4 

71 

296 

294 

371 

75 

8 

1,384 


1.3 

25.4 
69.3 
79.7 
72.3 
48.4 

62.8 








13 

5 
4 
2 
5 
1 
1 

4 


310 
245 
426 
297 
415 
157 
12 

2,160 


263 
89 
70 
14 
16 
3 
5 

598 


84.8 

36.3 

16.4 

4.7 

3.9 

1.9 

27.7 


36 
149 
331 
248 
292 

46 
4 

1,362 


11.6 
60.8 
77.7 
83.5 
70.4 
29.3 

63.1 


4 

2 

17 

30 

94 

105 

1 

193 


1.3 

0.8 
4.0 
10.1 
22.7 
66.9 

8.9 


2 
3 

5 
4 
11 
2 

1 

2 


5 








2 
3 

5 
7 
1 


2 




10 
21 
83 
71 
2 

76 


2.3 
5.7 
16.2 
45.8 


3 








1 

1 


65 years and over 

Age unknown 

North Carolika. 

15 years and over. 


3.4 


6 


5 




421 
358 
468 
331 
474 
148 
4 

1,967 


414 

203 

74 

18 

23 

1 

1 

652 


98.3 
56.7 
15.8 
5.4 
4.9 
0.7 

33.1 












408 
384 
452 
343 
421 
149 

1,854 


327 
128 
61 
31 
38 
13 


80.1 
33.3 
13.5 
9.0 
9.0 
8.7 


81 
250 
377 
286 
313 

54 
1 

1,225 


19.9 
65.1 
83.4 
83.4 
74.3 
36.2 

66.1 












154 
388 
302 
413 
118 
2 

1,202 


43.0 
82.9 
91.2 
87.1 
79.7 








1 
2 


4 
12 
25 
69 

82 

1 

191 


1.0 
2.7 
7.3 
16.4 
55.0 




2 




4 
10 
35 
27 


0.9 
3.0 

7.4 
18.2 




i 


1 




1 
3 
2 


1 






1 




65 years and over 

Age unknown 

North Dakota. 

15 years and over. 






1 
18 




1 


61.1 


90 


4.6 


5 


419 


22.6 


10.3 


10 


9 




377 
220 
401 
327 
496 
140 
6 

19,753 


364 
157 
100 
16 
10 
3 
2 

6,887 


96.6 

71.4 

24.9 

4.9 

2.0 

2.1 

34.9 


41 11 








9 
2 
1 

1 
2 
2 

1 

181 


329 
237 
358 
265 
469 
187 
9 

19,615 


287 
91 
25 
7 
2 
3 
4 

4,513 


87.2 
38.4 
7.0 
2.6 
0.4 
1.6 

23.0 


37 
145 
316 
253 
402 

70 
2 

12,495 


11.2 
61.2 

88.3 
95.5 
85.7 
37.4 

63.7 


1 

1 
12 

4 
59 
112 

2 

2,337 


0.3 
0.4 
3.4 
1.5 
12.6 
59.9 




4 




59 
2S9 
296 
448 
104 
2 

11,542 


26.8 
72.1 
90.5 
90.3 
74.3 

58.4 


2 
9 
12 
35 
31 
1 

1,043 


0.9 
2.2 
3.7 
7.1 
22.1 










2 
2 

1 


5 
1 
4 




35 to 44 vear^ 


2 

2 




65 years and over 

Age unknown 

Oklahoma. 

15 years and over 






1 


5.3 


100 


11.9 


159 


111 




4,170 
3,229 
4,655 
3,268 
3,569 
753 
109 


3,942 

1,782 

832 

179 

115 

17 

20 


94.5 
55.2 
17.9 
5.5 
3.2 
2.3 
1,8.3 


154 
1,346 
3,592 
2,873 
2,981 

555 
41 


3.7 
41.7 
77.2 
87.9 
83.5 
73.7 
37.6 


3 

53 
177 
189 
445 
171 
5 


0.1 
1.6 
3.8 

5.8 
12.5 
22.7 

4.6 


1 
16 
35 
24 
19 

5 


70 
32 
19 
3 
9 
5 
43 


4,049 
3,389 
4, 754 
3,141 
3,248 
936 
98 


3,064 
938 
350 
63 
60 
24 
14 


7.5.7 
27.7 
7.4 
2.0 
1.8 
2.6 
14.3 


8S1 
2,264 
4,080 
2,742 
2,203 

283 
42 


21.8 
66.8 
85.8 
87.3 
67.8 
30.2 
42.9 


44 

136 
262 
309 
952 
616 
18 


1.1 
4.0 
5.5 
9.8 
29.3 
65. 8 
18.4 


8 
38 
54 
25 
27 
6 
1 


52 
13 






2 

6 

7 

23 


35 to 44 vears 


45 to 64 vears 


65 years and over 

Age unknown 



170 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



MA.RITAL CONDITION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER, CLASSIFIED BY AGE PERIODS, 

FOR 22 SELECTED STATES: 191&— Continued. 

( Per cent not shown where base is less than 50.] 



Table 67— Contd. 


INDIAN males 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER.* 1910. 


INDIAN FEMALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


STATE AND AQE 
PERIOD. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Widowed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Widowed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condi- 




Num- 
ber. 


Per 

cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


tion 
not re- 
ported. 


Ohegon. 
15 years and over. 


1,627 


683 


42.0 


787 


48.4 


126 


7.7 


26 


5 


1,630 


344 


21.1 


922 


56 6 


331 


20.3 


29 


4 


15 to 19 years 


338 
224 
263 
280 
347 
172 
3 

6,105 


333 

170 

97 

46 

31 

4 

2 

1,791 


98.5 
75.9 
36.9 
16.4 
8.9 
2.3 

29.3 


2 
46 
153 
210 
269 
106 

1 

3,866 


0.6 
20.5 
58.2 
7.5.0 
77.5 
61.6 


1 

3 
10 
12 
41 
59 


0.3 
1.3 
3.8 
4.3 
11.8 
34.3 




2 
2 
1 


2.56 
174 
286 
239 
391 
277 
7 

6,222 


232 
76 
22 
8 
2 
4 


90.6 
43.7 
7.7 
3.3 
0.5 
1.4 


24 

88 
236 
197 
283 

92 

4,101 


9.4 
50.6 
82.5 
82,4 
72.4 
33.2 

65.9 












3 
2 
12 
6 
3 


4 
25 
25 
94 
179 

4 

766 


2.3 
8,7 
10,5 
24,0 
64,6 


6 
3 

9 
10 

1 




25 to 34 years. . . 




35 to 44 years 








2 
I 


65 years and over 




Age unknown 






South Dakota. 
15year3 and over. 


63.3 


327 


5.4 


61 


60 


1,253 


20.1 


12,3 


65 


37 


15 to 19 years 


901 

752 

1,288 

1,028 

1,594 

525 

17 

1,065 


873 

562 

281 

40 

25 

7 

3 

248 


96.9 
74.7 
21.8 
3.9 
1.6 
1.3 

23.3 


8 
176 
924 
923 
1,428 
402 

5 

675 


0.9 
23.4 
71.7 
89.8 
89.6 
76.6 

63.4 


1 
3 

46 
45 
122 
109 
1 

111 


0.1 
0.4 
3.6 

4.4 

7.7 

20.8 




19 
9 
9 
3 
6 
6 
8 

17 


852 

677 
1,240 

985 
1,685 

760 
23 

917 


760 
317 
120 
20 
23 
10 
3 

85 


89.2 
46.8 
9.7 
2.0 
1.4 
1.3 

9.3 


80 

344 

1,049 

907 

1,390 

326 

5 

683 


9.4 

50.8 
84.6 
92.1 
82.5 
42.9 

74.5 






1 

7 
25 
14 
17 

1 




20 to 24 years . 


2 

28 
17 
13 

1 


6 
43 
43 
252 
419 
4 

125 


0,9 
3.4 
4.4 
15.0 
55.1 


3 
4 

1 
3 

4 
11 


25 to 34 years 




45 to 64 years 


65 years and over 

Age unloiown 


Utah. 
15 years and over. 


10.4 


14 


13.6 


13 


11 


15 to 19 years 


139 
125 
230 
189 
233 
125 
24 

3,471 


119 
61 
41 

13 
10 

1 
3 

1,129 


85.6 
48.8 
17.8 
6.9 
4.3 
0.8 

32.5 


15 

55 
176 
157 
177 
83 
12 

1,986 


10.8 
44.0 
76.5 

8:i.l 

76.0 
66.4 

57.2 








5 
1 


127 
95 
215 
179 
170 
114 
17 

3,475 


61 

12 
6 
2 


48.0 

12.6 

2.8 

1.1 


57 
81 
201 
163 
131 
43 
7 

2,265 


44.9 

85.3 
93.5 
91.1 
77.1 
37.7 

65.2 


4 


3.1 


2 
2 

2 
1 

5 

1 


3 


20 to 24 years 


7 

10 
14 
38 
40 

2 

266 


5.6 
4.3 
7.4 
16.3 
32.0 


1 
3 
5 
4 
1 




6 
12 
34 
68 

1 

606 


2.8 
6.7 
20.0 
59.6 








1 


45 to 64 years 


4 


65 years and over 


2 
2 

545 


1.8 
15.7 




Age unknown 


7 
53 


7 


Washington. 
15 years and over. 


7.7 


37 


17.4 


29 


30 


15 to 19 years 


631 
432 
655 
599 
810 
412 
32 

3,173 


503 

283 

208 

70 

42 

15 

8 

1,122 


94.7 
65.5 
31.8 
11.7 
5 2 
3.6 

35.4 


14 

131 
400 
473 
672 
282 
14 

1,751 


2.6 
30.3 
61.1 
79.0 
S3.0 
68.4 

55.2 


1 

8 
31 
40 
80 
104 

2 

238 


0.2 
1.9 
4.7 
6.7 
9.9 
25.2 




13 

7 
6 
4 

7 
8 
8 

15 


473 
397 
629 
593 
834 
499 
50 

2,853 


363 
103 
53 
13 
6 
2 
5 

663 


76.7 
25.9 
8.4 
2.2 
0.7 
0.4 
10.0 

23.2 


101 
269 
518 
507 
616 
217 
37 

1,800 


21.4 

67.8 
82.4 
85. 5 
73.9 
43,5 
74.0 

63.1 






2 
8 
8 
4 
5 
2 


7 




3 

10 
12 
9 
3 


12 

48 

65 

203 

271 

7 

341 


3.0 
7.6 
11.0 
24.3 
54.3 
14.0 

12.0 


5 
2 
4 
4 
7 
1 


25 to 34 years... 




45 to 64 years. 


65 years and over 

Age unknown 


Wisconsin. 

15 years andover. 


7.5 


47 


46 


3 


15 to 19 years 


484 
391 
650 
568 
755 
302 
23 

489 


478 
310 
196 
80 
41 
9 
8 

112 


98.8 
79.3 
30.2 
14.1 
5.4 
3.0 

22.9 


4 

74 
427 
441 
603 
194 
8 

295 


0,8 
18.9 
65. 7 
77.6 
79.9 
64.2 

60.3 


1 


0.2 


1 
5 
6 
12 
16 




493 
365 
562 
512 
625 
284 
13 

440 


432 
145 

58 
12 
8 
6 
2 

40 


87.6 
39.7 
10.3 
2.3 
1.3 
2.1 

9.1 


57 
209 
468 
450 
481 
128 
7 

293 


11.6 

57.3 
83.3 

87,9 
77.0 
4.5.1 


1 
8 
20 
39 
127 
146 


0.2 
2.2 
3.6 

7.6 
20.3 
51.4 


3 
3 
15 
11 
9 
4 
1 




20 to 24 years 


2 
4 
3 

1 




25 to 34 years 


17 
33 
94 
92 
2 

46 


2.6 

5.6 

12.5 

30.5 


I 


35 to 44 years. .. 






65 years and over 




Age unknown 


5 
33 


2 


Wyoming. 

15 years and over. 


9.4 


3 


66.6 


77 


17.5 


30 








15 to 19 years 


57 
60 
115 
106 
125 
24 
2 


38 
35 
25 
8 
6 


66.7 

58.3 

21.7 

7.5 

4.8 


1 

17 
81 
84 
98 
13 
1 


1.8 
28.3 
70.4 
79.2 
78.4 


1 
1 
5 
10 
19 
10 


1.8 
1.7 
4.3 
9.4 
15.2 




17 

7 
3 
2 
2 

1 
1 


53 

55 
87 
104 
110 
29 
2 


24 

11 

3 

1 

1 


4.5.3 

20.0 

3.4 

1.0 

0.9 


7 
39 
81 
91 
71 
3 
1 


13.2 
70.9 
93.1 

87.5 
64.5 








22 


20 to 24 years 




3 
2 
12 
37 
23 


5.5 

2.3 

11.5 

33.6 




2 


25 to 34 years 


1 
2 




1 


35 to 44 years 






45 to 64 years 




I 


65 years and over 








Age unknown 






::::::::::::::: 










1 































MARITAL CONDITION. 



171 



MARITAL CONDITION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION 16 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES AND 
MARITAL ^"^^"^^^^"j^^y£^_ CLASSIFIED BY AGE PERIODS, BY PRINCIPAL STOCKS: 1910. 

[This table shows each stock having 200 or more Indians In 1910. Per cent not shown where hase is less than 50.] 



Table 6S 



STOCK AJiD AQE PEKIOD. 



INDtAN MALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 



Total. 



Single. 



Num- 
ber. 



Per 
cent. 



Married. 



Num- 
ber. 



Per 
cent. 



Widow- 
ed. 



Di- 
vorced. 



Marital 
condition 
not re- 
ported. 



DJDLAV FEMALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER; 1910. 



Total. 



Single. 



Num- 
ber. 



Per 

cent. 



Married. 



Num- 
ber. 



Per 

cent. 



Widow- 
ed. 



Di- 
vorced. 



TJNITED STATES. 



Marital 
condi- 
tion 
not re- 
ported. 



-ILGONQUIAN 1 


12,849 


4,598 


35.8 


7,160 55.7 


898 


93 


100 

31 
33 
13 
3 
6 
5 

120 


11,974 


2,653 


22.2 


7,570 63.2 


1,530 


140 


81 




2,261 
1,778 
2,619 
2,196 
2,970 
990 

8,285 


2,200 

1,267 

721 

208 

166 

26 

2,393 


97.3 
71.3 

27.5 
9.5 
5.6 
2.6 

28.9 


28 

458 

1,775 

1,822 

2,403 

662 

5,270 


1.2 
25.8 
67.8 
83.0 
80.9 
66.9 

63.6 


2 
12 
79 
142 

368 
292 

423 




2,144 

1,601 
2,339 
2,054 
2,672 
1,129 

8,446 


1,787 
551 
198 
60 
32 
20 

1,297 


83.3 
34.4 
8.5 
2.9 
1.2 
1.8 

15.4 


287 

986 

1,986 

1,803 

2,039 

451 

5,692 


13.4 
61. G 
84.9 
87,8 
76,3 
39.9 

67.4 


9 
30 
116 
153 
566 
648 

1,165 


8 
22 
34 
36 
31 

8 

237 


53 




8 
31 
21 

27 
5 

79 


12 
5 

2 
4 
2 










ATH-VPASKAN » 


55 




1,635 
1,121 
1,810 
1,564 
1,450 
658 

564 


1,496 

570 

219 

47 

39 

20 

193 


91.5 

50.8 

12.1 

3.0 

2.7 

3!o 

34.2 


91 

500 
1,4,88 
1,410 
1,268 

484 

333 


5.6 
44.6 
82.2 
90.2 
87.4 
73.6 

59.0 


2 
19 
64 
77 
114 
145 

32 


3 
11 
21 
19 

21 
4 

1 


43 
21 
18 
11 
8 
5 

5 


1,620 
1,204 
1,934 
1,496 
1,374 
773 

566 


1,000 
176 
73 
12 
17 
17 

132 


61.7 
14.6 
3.8 
0.8 
1.2 
2.2 

23.3 


571 

937 

1,697 

1,312 

888 

257 

353 


35.2 
77.8 
87.7 
87.7 
64.6 
33.2 

62.4 


15 

41 
96 
127 
416 
466 

76 


20 
42 
61 
41 
45 
27 

4 


14 

8 
7 
4 
8 
6 


20 to "M vears . 










Caddoan 1 


1 


15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 


109 
78 

103 
99 

131 
38 

99 


105 

57 

22 

6 

2 


96.3 

73.1 

21.4 

6.1 

1.5 


2 
19 
78 
87 
116 
28 

67 


1.8 
24.4 
75.7 
87.9 
88.5 

67.7 


3 




2 
2 


113 
86 

108 
94 

128 
36 

109 


99 
23 
10 


87,6 

26.7 

9.3 


12 
56 
85 
87 
101 
11 

81 


10.6 
65.1 
78.7 
92.6 
78.9 

74.3 


2 
4 
13 
7 
26 
24 

17 


3 




35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 


6 
12 
10 


i' 








i 


i 


65 years and over 

CHIMAKtrANl 


29 


29.3 


3 




9 


8.3 


2 




15 to 19 years 


21 
8 
15 
18 
32 
4 

289 


20 
5 
3 




1 
3 
11 

18 

29 

4 

161 










13 
8 
14 
25 
33 
15 

275 


7 
2 




5 

6 

13 

22 

30 

4 

176 






1 




20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 






i' 




64.0 


i' 

3 
2 
11 

50 






35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 


i" 








2' 








1 




65 years and over 

Chinookan 1 


103 


35.6 


55.7 


24 




1 


48 


17.5 




1 


15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 


47 
51 
47 
53 
63 
26 

1,588 


46 

34 

14 

3 

6 


'66.' 7" 

"5.'7' 
9.5 


1 

17 
30 
46 
48 
18 

1,006 


'si's' 






i* 


32 
41 
56 

46 

48 
48 

1,624 

322 
309 
336 
259 

288 
108 

10, 132 


28 
17 
3 


5. 4 


4 
23 
49 
41 
39 
18 

1,010 


'87.'5' 


i' 

4 







35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 


86.8 
76.2 

63.4 


4 
9 
8 

48 










62.2 


5 
9 

29 

141 




i 


Ceoatani 


526 


33.1 


4 


4 


467 


28.8 


1 


5 


15 to 19 years 


318 
268 
340 
233 
327 
98 

10, 946 


312 

142 

47 

15 

9 


98.1 
53.0 
13.8 
6.4 
2.8 


6 
125 
2S9 
209 
297 
78 

6,007 


1.9 
46.6 
85.0 
89.7 
90.8 
79.6 

54.9 






i' 

2 


256 
99 
49 
27 
27 
9 

2,658 


79.5 
32.0 
14.6 
10.4 
9,4 
8.3 

26.2 


66 
206 
274 
213 
212 

39 

6,225 


20.5 
66.7 
81,5 
82,2 
73,6 
36,1 

61,4 


2' 

12 
18 
48 
60 

1,096 




2 




2 
9 
19 

18 

603 






1 








1 




2 
2 

69 




1 










IROQUOIAN 1 


4,171 


38.1 


96 


96 


57 




2,324 
1,747 
2,503 
1,806 
2,042 
485 

229 


2,2.30 

1,108 

553 

144 

111 

17 

100 


96.0 

63.4 

22.0 

8.0 

5.4 

3.5 

43.7 


50 

590 

1,858 

1,.545 

1,626 

320 

108 


2.2 
33.8 
74.1 
85.5 
79.6 
66.0 

47.2 






44 

23 

12 

5 

5 

1 


2,116 
1,739 
2,425 
1,548 
1.747 
538 

233 


1,705 

571 

262 

45 

52 

16 

51 


80.2 
32.8 
10.8 
2.9 
3.0 
3.0 

21.9 


355 
1,105 
2,031 
1,353 
1,206 

166 

141 


16.8 
63.5 
83.8 
87.4 
69.0 
30.9 

60,5 


14 
36 
98 
134 
464 
349 

38 


5 
19 
30 
15 
22 

4 

2 


37 


20 to 24 years 


22 

70 
93 
274 
142 

20 


4 

IS 

19 

26 

5 

1 


8 






35 to 44 vears . . 












Karok 1 


1 


15 to 19 years 


35 

27 
58 
46 
40 
22 

1,340 


35 
23 

28 
9 
4 


'is.'s' 


4' 

30 
34 
27 
13 

718 










31 
31 
51 
41 
47 
32 

1,154 


29 
9 
8 
5 


'i5.'7" 


21 
41 
32 
33 

12 

733 






i 






51.7 
53.6 








80.4 
63,5 


2 
3 

13 

20 

156 






2 
9 
9 

140 


1 




1 




4.5 to 64 years 




i 


65 years and over 

Keeesan 1 


481 


35.9 


1 




263 


22.8 


2 




15 to 19 years 


205 
142 
287 
284 
279 
143 


201 
110 
103 
39 
17 
11 


98.0 
77.5 
35.9 
13.7 
6.1 
7.7 


3 

30 
171 
218 
218 

78 


1.5 
21.1 
59.6 
76.8 
78.1 
54.5 


1 
2 
12 

27 
44 
54 






198 
127 
284 
222 
232 
90 


161 

43 

40 

10 

6 


81.3 

33.9 

14.1 

4.5 

2.6 


37 
79 
230 
192 
158 


IS, 7 
62,2 
81.0 
86.5 
68.1 


5 

13 
20 
67 
50 








1 




1 










45 to 64 years 






1 




65 years and over 










. 





1 Totals include persons of UIlkno^ra age. 



172 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



MARITAL CONDITION OP THE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES AND 
ALASKA, CLASSIFIED BY AGE PERIODS, BY PRINCIPAL STOCKS: 1910— Continued. 

[This table shows each stock having 200 or more Indians In 1910. Per cent not shown where base is less than 50.] 



Tabic 68— Continued. 


INDLAN MALES 15 TEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


INDIAN FEMALES 15 TEAB3 OF AGE AND OVEK: 1910. 


STOCK AND AGE PERIOD. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Widow- 
ed. 


Di- 
vorced. 


Marital 
condition 
not re- 
ported. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Widow- 
ed. 


Di- 
vorced. 


Marital 
condi- 




Num- 
ber. 


Per 

cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 

cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 

cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 

cent. 


tion 
not re- 
ported. 



UNITED STATES— Continued. 



KlOWAN 1 


293 


61 


20.8 


225 76. 8 


6 : 


1 


314 


31 


9.9 


251 


79.9 


27 


1 


4 




62 
25 
58 
53 
80 
13 

181 


51 S2 3 1 


10 
19 
55 
52 
77 
11 

121 


16.1 






1 


53 
36 
73 
47 
81 
22 

154 


25 
2 

1 


47.2 

"i.'4' 


28 
32 
67 
45 
69 
10 

116 


.52.8 
'91.' 8' 
'8S.'2' 

75.3 










6 
2 
1 
1 


3.4 
1.9 
1.3 






2 

4 

2 

11 

8 

20 








94.8 
98.1 
96.3 

66.9 


1 






1 














2 
2 

11 






1 
2 

18 


1.2 
11.7 














2 


KUTENALVN 


45 


24.9 


4 










27 
14 
42 
46 
40 
12 

298 


22 
8 

10 
5 




5 
6 
31 
37 
34 
8 

153 










16 
16 
31 
36 
42 
13 

333 


11 
2 




5 
14 
30 
32 
29 

6 

174 








20 to 24 years 
















51.3 


1 
2 
4 
4 

27 






52.4 


1 

1 

12 

6 

88 








2 
2 




3 

1 

1 

66 


19.9 


























LUTOAMIANl 


115 


38.6 


3 




4 






48 
39 
64 
45 
73 
27 

364 


48 

32 

26 

6 

2 














47 
32 
46 

45 
103 
58 

316 


43 

17 
5 

1 




4 












'46."6' 
"2.'7' 


6 
36 

35 
56 
19 

179 






1 




13 
38 






2 






56.3 

're.'?' 

49.2 


2 
3 

14 
8 

45 






3 

5 
30 

49 

56 




35 to 44 vears 


1 
1 




38 
72 
9 

195 


'm.g 

15.5 
61.7 


1 
1 




















Maidu' 


130 


35.7 


7 


3 


62 


19.6 


1 


2 




S4 
45 

72 
60 
89 
44 

220 


51 
35 
29 

8 
4 
3 

72 


94.4 

'io.'s' 

13.3 

4.5 



32.7 


1 
9 
32 
44 
66 
27 

117 


1.9 






2 

1 


48 
31 
59 
58 
63 
53 

236 


43 
13 
2 
2 


"3.'4' 

3.4 


4 
15 
50 
52 
50 
23 

130 








I 








89.7 
79.4 
43.4 

55.1 


3 

6 

4 

13 

30 

50 








44.4 
73.3 
74.2 

53.2 


7 
6 
18 
14 

24 


4 
2 

1 


1 






























Mjwoki 


2 


5 


51 


21.6 


2 


3 




31 
23 
42 
46 
51 
24 

7,745 


29 
16 
13 
9 
5 












2 


39 
30 
42 
38 
62 
34 

7,606 


33 
10 
5 
2 





4 
17 
37 
29 
31 
11 

4,721 




1 
2 




1 




"g.s 


7 
27 
31 
38 
13 

4,582 








1 







'74.'5' 
59.2 


2 
2 
8 
11 

478 










2 


2 


'sg.'e' 

62.1 


6 
19 
22 

1,013 




1 




1 


I 








1 




MUSKHOGEAX ^ 


2,587 


33.4 


41 


57 


1,761 


23.2 


70 


41 




1,602 
1,293 
1,887 
1,307 
1,320 
295 

2,715 


1,514 

663 

292 

65 

38 

9 

843 


94.5 
51.3 
15.5 
5.0 
2.9 
3.1 

31.0 


66 

588 

1,485 

1,146 

1,070 

214 

1,622 


4.1 

45.5 
78.7 
87.7 
Sl.l 
72.5 

59.7 


1 

30 
86 
88 
203 
68 

208 




21 

6 
5 


1,559 
1,317 
1,935 
1,286 
1,160 
297 

2,440 


1,208 

378 

117 

20 

21 

7 

515 


77.5 
25. 7 
6.0 
1.6 
1.8 
2.4 

21.1 


308 

851 

1,659 

1,080 

730 

78 

1,633 


19.8 
64.6 
85.7 
84.0 
62.9 
26.3 

66.9 


26 
72 
129 
172 
397 
208 

259 


5 
11 
28 
13 
10 

3 

6 


12 




6 
19 
8 
4 
4 

8 


5 


25 to 34 years ... 


2 




1 




5 


2 




1 


PiMAN' 


34 


27 




530 
269 
563 
494 

584 
266 

412 


502 
140 
116 
43 
32 
8 

114 


94.7 

62.0 

20.6 

8.7 

5.5 

3.0 

27.7 


15 
112 
425 

421 
453 
191 

242 


2.8 
41.6 

75.5 
85.2 
77.6 
71.8 

58.7 




1 


12 

10 
6 

1 
2 
3 

3 


428 
311 
521 
403 
516 
244 

395 


354 
85 
44 
14 
11 
6 

71 


82.7 
27.3 
8.4 
3.5 
2.1 
2.5 

18.0 


64 
207 
454 
367 
407 
120 

237 


15.0 
66.6 
87.1 
91.1 
78.9 
49.2 

60.0 


4 
11 
16 
22 
91 
113 

72 




6 




7 
13 
29 
94 
63 

45 




8 


25 to 34 years . . . 


3 


4 


3 






45 to 64 years ... 


3 

1 

8 


1 
1 

11 


6 




4 


POMO> 


4 




49 
59 
70 
63 
102 
68 

2,521 


47 
43 
14 
5 
3 
2 

800 


'72.' 9 

20.0 

7.9 

2.9 

2.9 

31.7 


2 
15 

48 
SO 
86 
40 

1,480 










55 
41 
75 
69 
92 
62 

2,351 

346 
257 
399 
407 
578 
340 


45 
15 

8 
1 
1 
1 

387 


81.8 

'io.'?' 

1.4 
1.1 
1.6 

16.5 


10 
20 
63 
52 
70 
22 

1,545 


18.2 

'si'o' 

75.4 
76.1 
35.5 

65.7 








20 to 24 years 


25.4 
68.6 
79.4 
84.3 
58.8 

58.7 






1 
1 


3 
2 
12 

18 
36 

388 


2 

1 
3 
3 
2 

16 


1 


25 to 34 years 


6 

4 

11 

24 

186 


1 
4 
2 

1 

21 


1 


35 to 44 vears 


1 










1 
34 


i 


Salishan' 


15 




421 
310 
436 
409 
6U 
318 


396 
207 
126 
35 
23 
10 


94.1 
66.8 
28.9 
8.6 
3.8 
3.1 


12 
90 
281 
345 
522 
225 


2.9 

29.0 
04.4 
84.4 
85.4 
70.8 


1 

6 

19 

21 

58 

1 80 




12 

5 
4 


277 

65 

25 

12 

3 


80.1 

25.3 

6.3 

2.9 

0.5 


64 
174 
339 
356 
446 


18.5 
67.7 
85.0 
87.5 
77.2 




1 

5 
3 
3 
3 

1 


4 


20 to 24 years 


2 
I) 
S 
5 


9 
31 
35 
125 
182 


4 


25 to 34 years 


1 




1 




3 
3 


1 


65 years and over 


2 1 0.6 


152 ' 44. 7 


3 



' Totals include persons of unknown age. 



MARITAL CONDITION. 173 

MARIT\L CONDITION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AOE AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES AND 
MAKliAl. ^""^^^^^^^^g£^ CLASSIFIED BY AGE PERIODS, BY PRINCIPAL STOCKS: 1910-CouUnued. 

[This table sho-ws each stock having 200 or more Indians in 1910. Per cent not shown where base is loss than 60.] 



Table 68— Continued. 


INDIAN MALES 15 TEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


INDLUf FEMALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


STOCK AND AGE PERIOD. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Widow- 
ed. 


Di- 
vorced. 


Marital 
condition 
not re- 
ported. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Widow- 
ed. 


Di- 
vorced. 


Marital 
condi- 




Num- 
ber. 


Per 
cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 

cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 

cent. 


Num- 
ber. 


Per 

cent. 


tion 
not re- 
ported. 



Shjihaptian' 

15 to 19 years 
20 to 24 years, 
23 to 34 years 
35 to 44 years 
45 to 64 years 
65 years and over 



Shastan ' 

15 to 19 years 
20 to 24 years 
25 to 34 years 
35 to 44 years 
45 to 64 years 
65 vears and over 



Shoshonean '. . . 

15 to 19 years 
20 to 24 years 
25 to 34 years 
35 to 44 years 
45 to 64 years 
63 Tears and over 



SlOUAN 1. 

15 to 19 years 
20 to 24 years 
25 to 34 years 
35 to 44 years 
45 to 64 years 
65 years and over 



Tanoan ' 

15 to 19 Tears 
20 to 24 Tears 
25 to 34 years 
35 to 44 years 
45 to 64 years 
65 years and over 



Wahlatpuan 

15 to 19 vears 
20 to 24 Vears 
25 to 34 years 
35 to 44 years 
45 to 64 years 
65 years and over 



Wakashan 

15 to 19 years 
20 to 24 vears 
25 to 34 "years 
35 to 44 years 
45 to 64 years 
65 years and over 



Washoan ' 

15 to 19 years 
20 to 24 years 
25 to 34 years 
35 to 44 years 
45 to 64 years 
65 years and over 



WlKTTJN ' 

15 to 19 years 
20 to 24 years 
25 to 34 years 
35 to 44 years 
45 to 64 years 
65 years and over 



UNITED STATES— Continued. 




t Totals include persons of unknown age. 



174 INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 

MARITAL CONDITION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES AND 
* ALASKA, CLASSIFIED BY AGE PERIODS, BY PRINCIPAL STOCKS: 1910-CoDtinued. 

[This table shows each stock having 200 or more Indians in 1910. Per cent not shown where base is less than 50.] 



Table 68 — Continued. 



STOCK AOT) AGE PEKIOD. 



INDIAN MALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 



Total. 



Single. 



Num- Per 
ber. cent. 



Married. 



Num- 
ber. 



Per 

cent. 



Widow- 
ed. 



Di- 
vorced. 



Marital 
condition 
not re- 
ported. 



INDIAN FEMALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 



Total. 



Single. 



Num- 
ber. 



Per 

cent. 



Married. 



Num- 
ber. 



Per 
cent. 



Widow- 
ed. 



UNITED STATES— Continued. 



Di- 
vorced. 



Marital 
condi- 
tion 
not re- 
ported. 



YOKCTSI 


192 

30 
26 
46 
27 
47 
15 

1,561 


65 


33.9 


107 


55.7 


20 






164 

26 
28 
37 
23 
38 
12 

1,272 


31 


18.9 


108 


65.9 


24 


1 






29 
18 
8 
6 




1 

8 
37 
19 
34 

7 

875 










20 
6 
4 




6 
20 
32 
20 
27 

3 

850 










20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 




i' 

2 






66.8 


1 

1 
3 
10 
9 

185 


1 




45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 

YUMAN ' 


4 
455 


29.1 


56.1 


9 
8 

160 


16 


55 


i 

205 


16.1 


17 


15 




250 
199 
279 
209 
369 
207 

213 


230 

119 

55 

18 

24 

9 

68 


92.0 
59.8 
19.7 
8.6 
6.5 
4.3 

31.9 


10 
72 
205 
165 
286 
127 

115 


4.0 
36.2 
73.5 
7S.9 
77.5 
61.4 

54.0 






10 

4 


189 
144 
234 
226 
301 
166 

224 


121 

44 

23 

8 

5 

4 

35 


64.0 
30.6 
9.8 
3.5 
1.7 
2.4 

15.6 


55 
92 
192 
201 
233 
66 

137 


29.1 
63.9 
82.1 
88.9 
77.4 
39.8 

61.2 


3 

1 

13 
13 
61 
94 

51 




10 




2 
11 
21 
57 
68 

30 


2 
8 
2 
2 
2 


4 
3 
2 

1 

1 








3.') to 44 vears 


3 


1 








1 


i 


YUEOKl 




15 to 19 years 


36 
20 
39 
30 
59 
28 

563 


35 
15 
12 
2 
2 
2 

144 


"3.'i 

25.6 


1 

5 
26 
25 
46 
11 

345 










30 
21 
40 
52 
51 
29 

504 


23 
7 
3 

1 


"i'.9 


5 
12 
29 
41 
39 
10 

349 


'78.'8' 
76.5 

69.2 


2 
2 

8 
9 
12 
IS 

63 






25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 


■78.'6' 
61.3 


1 
3 
11 
15 

57 






i' 




65 yeiirsand over 

ZUNUNl 


17 




1 
61 


12.1 


31 






61 
69 
113 

93 
181 
41 


58 
43 
22 
13 
6 
2 


95.1 
62.3 
19.5 
14.0 
3.3 


2 

24 
82 
69 
142 
22 


3.3 

34.8 
72.6 
74.2 
78.5 




1 
2 
4 
5 
5 




84 
54 
86 
88 
163 
25 


48 
5 

7 


57.1 
9.3 
8.1 


27 
42 
69 
83 
119 
6 


32.1 

77.8 
80.2 
94.3 
73.0 




9 
6 
8 
4 
4 










i 

2 

1 
39 
19 




25 to 34 years 


5 
6 
28 
17 






35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 




1 


0.6 




65 years and over 















AIjASKA. 



Athapaskan 


1,308 


377 


28.8 


800 


61.2 


93 


7 


31 


1,203 


146 


12.1 


841 


69.9 


ISO 


15 


21 




201 
199 
332 
251 
266 
59 

4,522 


164 

121 

76 

12 

3 

1 

1,315 


81.6 

60.8 

22.9 

4.8 

1.1 

1.7 

29.1 


17 
68 
230 
221 
223 
41 

2,862 


8.5 
34.2 
69.3 
88.0 
83.8 
69.5 

63.3 






20 
7 
3 


189 
191 
323 
225 
249 
26 

4,295 


101 
23 
22 


53.4 
12.0 
6.8 


74 
154 
282 
187 
136 
8 

3,114 


39.2 
80.6 
87.3 
83.1 
54.6 

72.5 


2 
11 
13 
32 
104 
18 

631 


1 

2 

5 
4 
3 


11 




2 
21 

16 
38 
16 

289 


1 
2 
2 
2 


1 

1 








45 to 04 years 








6 


65 years and over 

ESKIMAUAN 1 


21 


35 


502 


11.7 


35 


13 




717 
578 
1,173 
965 
868 
149 

169 


685 

347 

205 

39 

18 

4 

66 


95.5 
60.0 
17.5 
4.0 
2.1 
2.7 

39.1 


17 
215 
901 
855 
726 
101 

89 


2.4 
37.2 
76.8 
88.6 
83.6 
67.8 

52.7 




1 
3 

5 
7 
1 
4 

3 


14 
9 

7 

1 
2l 


653 
678 
1,128 
840 
759 
161 

150 


375 

63 

32 

12 

9 

2 

29 


57.4 
9.3 
2.8 
1.4 
1.2 
1.2 

19.3 


203 
595 
1,016 
709 
455 
25 

104 


40,3 
.S7.8 
90. 1 
84.4 
59.9 
15.5 

69.3 


8 
IS 
67 
104 
292 
134 

17 


3 
1 
13 
15 
3 


4 




4 
55 
63 
121 
40 

10 


1 


25 to 34 years 








45 to 64 years 




65 years and over 


1 






Haidan' 







15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 


31 
29 
31 
28 
34 
13 

1,428 


31 
23 

8 




6' 

23 










31 
19 
37 
26 
23 
13 

1,413 


22 
5 

1 




9 
14 
34 
26 
IS 

3 

1,085 


_ 


i' 






35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 

Tlingit ' 


1 
1 

327 


22.9 


26 
28 
6 

970 


67.9 


1 
3 

6 

103 


2' 

1 

19 


9 


132 


...... 

9.3 




76.8 


s' 

10 

177 


15 


4 


15 to 19 years 


194 
207 
319 
282 
293 
132 

244 


171 

102 

39 

10 

4 

1 

96 


88.1 
49.3 
12.2 
3.5 
1.4 
0.8 

39.3 


14 
101 
261 
252 
245 

96 

131 


7.2 

48.8 
81.8 
89.4 
8.3.6 
72.7 

63.7 


1 
4 
9 
17 
38 
34 

13 


1 


7 


213 
183 
323 
281 
303 
108 

196 


97 
21 

6 


45.5 
11.5 

2.2 
2.1 


111 

154 
285 
251 
232 
52 

134 


52.1 
84.2 

8.S.2 
89.3 
76.6 
48.1 

68.4 


4 
5 
24 
21 
66 
66 

21 


1 
1 
6 
3 
4 


2 






10 
3 

4 

1 

4 








2 


i 


45 to 64 years 


65 years and over 

TsiMsnuN 




41 


20.9 






15 to 19 vears 

20to24ye;irs 


47 
36 
54 
41 

48 
18 


46 

32 

13 

2 

2 

1 


'24.'i' 


r 

4 
37 
33 
44 
12 


'ei's' 


i' 


3' 




29 
32 
38 
36 

•W 
11 


26 

12 

1 




3 
20 
36 
32 
39 

4 




i' 






35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 




5 
2 
5 


1 




2 




■78.'6' 


11 

7 







1 Totals include persons ot unknown age. 



MARITAL CONDITION. 



175 



AURITVL CONDITION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES, 
CLASSIFIED BY AGE PERIODS, BY PRINCIPAL TRIBES AND PRINCIPAL STATES: 1910. 

[This table shows each tribe having 350 or more Indians in 1910.] 



Table 69 


INDUN MALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


INDUN FEMALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


TRIBE, STATE, AND AGE PERIOD. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 



aijGonquian stock. 



Arapaho (total) > 


474 


95 


322 


25 


3 


29 


437 


33 


315 


65 


1 


23 




54 

69 
106 

8S 
130 

17 

237 


40 
44 
9 


1 

18 
91 

81 
117 
11 

178 


1 




12 
7 
3 


48 
57 
89 
98 
114 
29 

228 


22 
10 


8 
42 
87 
93 
81 

3 

170 






18 






2 

1 

5 

32 

25 

34 


1 


2 




2 
5 
12 
5 

9 


1 
2 


1 












1 




1 










1 
5 




1 


Oklahoma 1 


43 


2 


23 


1 






23 

• 32 

46 

39 

81 

8 

218 


22 
17 
3 


1 

15 
41 
37 
76 
6 

136 








18 
31 

36 
52 
74 
17 

204 


13 
9 


5 
21 
36 
50 
57 

1 

144 


















1 






1 
1 
5 
2 

16 


1 
1 














2 
16 
16 

28 












1 


















Wyoming i 


41 


1 


24 


9 




23 




26 
32 
57 
47 
46 
8 

1,020 


13 

22 

5 




1 




12 
7 
3 


29 
25 
53 
45 
40 
10 

1,107 


8 
1 


3 

20 
51 
43 
24 
2 

758 






18 




3 

48 

42 

38 

4 

694 




2 
1 

2 
16 

7 

135 




2 




1 
4 
7 
3 

56 






1 




1 










1 














1 
3 






1 


Cheyenne (total) i 


262 


5 


187 


24 


3 




147 
144 
204 
172 
282 
69 

428 


144 

79 

28 

6 

5 


3 

59 
165 
155 
258 

53 

279 








157 
151 
207 
165 
295 
128 

487 


124 

39 
16 
4 
2 
2 

89 


27 
100 
172 
144 
237 

76 

326 


2 
4 
15 
14 
52 
46 

53 


4 

8 
2 

3 
3 

4 

19 






3 
11 

9 
18 
15 

13 


2 


1 






2 




2 

1 

3 










1 




1 
1 




Montana 


132 






73 
72 
88 
69 
98 
28 

520 


72 
44 
12 
3 
1 


1 
26 
73 
61 
92 
26 

383 








89 
61 
89 
68 
120 
60 

557 


66 
15 

7 


17 
38 
75 
56 
99 
41 

398 


2 
2 
5 
10 
18 
16 

79 


4 
6 
2 
2 
2 
3 

5 






2 
3 
3 

4 
1 

42 


















2 
1 










1 






1 
2 




Oklahoma i 


91 


2 


72 


3 




50 

60 
104 

90 
175 

39 

6,180 


48 

24 

13 

2 

4 


2 
32 
83 

82 
157 
26 

3,352 








52 

82 
106 

87 
167 

59 

5,. 830 


42 

18 
8 
3 
1 


10 
60 

87 
79 
132 
28 

3,620 










1 
8 
6 
14 
13 

426 


2 


1 


2 
9 

4 
32 
30 

738 


2 






2 








1 
1 
1 

79 










1 












2,297 


56 


49 


1,353 


40 




1,153 
821 
1,227 
1,058 
1,386 
522 

1,304 


1,124 

608 

366 

104 

78 

15 

527 


11 

183 
812 
872 
1,100 
366 

657 


1 
6 
22 
72 
186 
138 

110 




17 
19 
6 
2 
3 
1 

5 


1,109 
774 
1,113 
1,009 
1,253 
562 

1,101 


927 

286 

90 

27 

14 

9 

239 


144 
458 
941 
881 
953 
234 

687 


3 

14 

61 

75 

268 

317 

160 


4 
9 
20 
25 
18 
2 

9 


31 




5 
21 

S 
19 

2 

5 


7 




1 




1 










Michigan' 


6 




202 

176 
254 
215 
309 
145 

2,412 


199 
135 
114 
41 
33 
4 

807 


2 

37 
134 
153 
225 
104 

1,382 






1 
2 


183 
136 
195 
182 
266 
136 

2,453 


148 

47 

26 

9 

8 
1 

484 


32 
85 
155 
153 
198 
61 

1,526 






3 




1 

5 

20 

48 

36 

166 


1 
1 


3 

12 
14 
57 
74 

361 




1 




1 
5 
3 


1 




1 
1 


1 




2 
1 

26 










31 


52 


30 




459 
321 
470 
434 
543 
ISl 

148 


436 

205 

102 

33 

26 

5 

59 


8 
95 
346 
366 
435 
129 

77 


1 
3 
13 
31 

71 
47 

5 




14 
15 

1 


416 
317 
477 
459 
532 
249 

124 


336 

104 

27 

12 

3 

2 

31 


52 
197 
405 
386 
393 

90 

84 


1 

4 

31 

45 

• 125 

155 

7 


2 
7 
14 
16 
11 
2 


25 




3 

8 
4 
11 


5 






















Montana ' 


1 


6 


2 




24 
24 
35 
21 
33 
10 


24 
20 
10 










26 
22 
28 
15 

26 

7 


20 


5 
14 
26 
14 
20 

5 






1 




2 
22 
20 
24 

9 






2 
2 

1 
1 






1 




1 




1 
















4 


3 
1 


1 


5 

1 














1 Totals include persons of unknown age. 



176 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



MARITAL CONDITION OP THE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES, 
CLASSIFIED BY AGE PERIODS, BY PRINCIPAL TRIBES AND PRINCIPAL STATES: 1910— Continued. 

[This table shows each tribe having 350 or more Indians in 1910.] 



Table 69— Continued. 


INDIAN MALES 15 TEAKS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


INDIAN FEMALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


TRIBE, STATE, AND AGE PERIOD. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 



ALGONQXTIAN STOCK— Continued. 



Chippewa— Cont inued. 

North Dakota 


830 


314 


469 


44 




3 


710 


190 


473 


46 




1 




183 
95 
177 
131 
187 
57 

1,300 


ISl 
70 
47 
7 
6 
3 

448 








2 


157 
110 
156 
107 
133 
47 

1,262 


137 

37 

10 

4 


18 
72 
140 
102 
121 
20 

791 


1 
1 
6 
1 

12 
25 

157 




1 




23 
128 
120 
161 

37 

729 


2 
2 
4 
20 
16 

98 










































1 
2 


2 

297 









23 


17 










214 
144 

257 
248 
304 
128 

132 


213 

123 

77 

23 

9 

3 

63 


1 
20 
166 
206 
247 
86 

64 








229 
148 
239 
240 
285 
117 

126 


208 

62 

21 

1 

2 

3 

33 


IS 

79 

203 

220 

212 

56 

79 


1 
5 

10 
15 
68 
68 

11 


2 
2 
5 
4 
3 








1 

12 
3 
5 
1 










2 






id 

43 
38 

5 




















1 


2 












26 
19 
33 
18 
28 
8 

90 


26 

16 

12 

4 

4 

1 

40 










29 
14 
24 
25 
25 
S 

72 


24 
4 
2 
2 

1 


4 
10 
21 
22 
19 

3 

50 






1 




3 
21 
13 
21 

6 

49 
























1 






1 
3 
1 

1 






1 
5 
5 

6 






























15 




1 














15 
14 
26 
13 
16 
6 

249 


15 
11 
8 
3 

2 

1 

116 










14 
7 
14 
15 
15 
6 

252 


12 

1 


2 
6 
14 
14 
11 
3 

142 










3 

18 

10 

13 

5 

118 




































1 
1 










1 






3 
3 

42 


















14 


1 




64 


4 




(In Oklahoma largely.) 






64 
48 
38 
42 
44 
12 

168 


63 

35 

12 

5 


1 

12 
25 
32 
39 

9 

108 








50 
43 
53 
35 
48 
23 

154 


40 
18 
5 
1 


10 
22 
43 
29 
32 
6 

108 










1 
1 
4 
5 
3 

8 






2 
4 
3 
16 
17 

18 


1 
1 
2 














1 














51 












Gros Ventres (total) i 




1 


26 


2 






19 
28 
35 
36 
41 
9 

454 


19 
20 

8 










25 
9 
31 
34 

41 
13 

336 


22 
3 

1 


3 

6 
30 
32 
30 

6 

227 










7 
27 
33 
33 

6 

239 






1 






















1 
5 
2 

44 






2 
9 

45 








3 

1 

148 








2 
















3 




81 


3 




(In Wisconsin largely.) 






64 
45 
93 
75 
116 
61 

928 


64 
37 
25 
10 
11 
1 

336 










64 
46 
67 
59 
75 
45 

821 


57 
17 
5 
2 


7 
29 
59 
50 
62 
21 

504 










8 
65 
55 
99 
32 

489 








1 
2 
6 
12 
24 

115 








3 

8 
6 
27 

95 






1 
1 
1 






2 














1 
4 








Ottawa (total) > 


4 


195 


6 


1 




164 
115 
16S 
150 
237 
91 

848 


161 
87 
46 
28 
11 
1 

290 


2 
27 
110 
106 
ISS 
56 

461 






1 

1 
1 


133 

114 
148 
140 
205 
78 

761 


121 
41 
20 
8 
2 
3 

171 


12 

69 
116 
123 
158 

26 

473 














4 
8 
8 
44 
49 

110 








10 
15 
36 
33 

89 


1 
1 
1 

1 

4 


4 

1 
1 










1 








MicmoANi 


4 


6 


1 




135 
99 
154 
140 
239 
88 

151 


133 
74 

45 
26 
9 

1 

54 


1 

24 
99 
98 
185 
54 

81 






1 

1 
1 


112 
103 
137 
135 

197 
76 

126 


104 
35 
19 
8 
2 
3 

29 


8 
64 

107 
118 
152 
24 

78 














4 

7 

8 

42 

49 

19 








8 
15 
33 
32 

15 


1 

1 
1 
1 

1 


4 

1 
1 










1 








Passamaquoddy (total) 










23 
23 
32 
22 
42 
9 


22 
11 
15 
3 
3 


1 

12 
15 
17 
31 
5 








20 
25 
17 
21 

29 
14 


15 
7 
4 


5 
18 
13 
20 
19 

3 
























2 
2 

7 
4 


















1 

7 
11 








1 




3 






65 years and over 








' Totals include persons of unknown age. 



MARITAL CONDITION. 



177 



MARITAL CONDITION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES, 
CLASSIFIED BY AGE PERIODS, BY PRINCIPAL TRIBES AND PRINCIPAL STATES: 1910— Continued. 

[This table shows each tribe having 350 or more Indians in 1910.] 



Table 69— Continued. 


INDIAN MALES 15 YEARS OP AQE AND OVER: 1910. 


INDIAN FEMALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


TRIBE. ST.VTE, AXD AGE PERIOD. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 


Total. 


Single. Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 



AliGONQtTIAN' STOCK— Continued. 



PlEGAN (total) ' 


639 


212 


408 


13 


2 4 


649 1 


113 


461 


65 3 7 


(In Montana largely.) 


107 
84 
156 
140 
127 
25 

795 


107 

64 

38 

2 

1 








1 


98 
88 
152 
118 
137 
55 

590 


81 

24 

6 

1 
1 


.17 
60 
142 
113 

108 
20 

379 








19 
110 

137 
119 
23 

384 






1 
2 


1 

3 

4 

23 

34 

64 




3 




5 
1 
6 
1 

83 


1 


1 










1 




2 


3 




i 

3 


1 


POTAWATOMI (total) ' 


318 


7 


143 


4 






l.'i2 

lis 

151 
138 
177 
57 

302 


152 
85 
48 
11 
20 
1 

135 










127 
75 

119 
96 

113 
56 

193 


108 
23 

8 
1 
2 

1 

44 


19 
52 
106 

SS 
02 
21 

132 










33 
93 
110 
119 
30 

122 


1 

8 

15 

32 

26 

■40 














2 

1 
4 




3 

7 
17 
34 

16 


2 






1 

2 






2 








Kansa.'^i 


3 


2 


1 








61 
41 
55 
51 
68 
25 

152 


61 
33 
21 

6 
13 

1 

56 










45 
25 
42 
28 
33 
18 

126 


37 
6 


8 
19 
41 

28 
28 

7 

80 










8 
2S 
3S 
38 
10 

77 
















5 
6 
14 
14 

16 


1 

1 
1 






1 
















2 


1 


4 
11 

18 












Michigan ' 


3 




28 








23 
20 
32 
25 
41 
11 

236 


23 
16 
11 
1 
5 










15 
12 
32 
20 
31 
15 

193 


15 

4 

7 
1 












4 

17 
22 
29 

5 

128 








8 
25 
18 
26 

3 

115 










3 
2 
5 
6 

17 


1 














1 
5 
11 

18 








2 












1 
57 








90 




1 


3 






53 
41 
42 
48 
44 
7 

245 


53 

24 

11 

1 










52 
28 
32 
38 
30 
13 

199 


46 
10 

1 


6 
18 
28 
33 
24 

6 

128 










16 
31 
40 
36 
5 

139 


1 


















2 
5 
4 
7 

28 


1 






6 
8 
2 

13 




1 










2 


















85 




3 


42 




1 












54 
46 
58 
32 
36 
19 

96 


50 

22 
9 
1 
3 


4 
23 
41 
30 
26 
15 

49 








32 
33 
43 
43 

29 
17 

69 


23 

12 
3 
3 


7 
21 
37 
35 
20 

46 


2 












1 
1 








7 
1 

3 

6 




2 
5 
9 
10 

11 




1 
























1 
1 










40 




12 
















26 
20 
19 
13 
10 
8 

HI 


23 
10 
5 
1 

1 


3 
10 
13 
12 
5 
6 

73 








14 
12 

9 
15 
10 

8 

93 


8 

1 


4 
11 

9 
10 

9 

3 

66 


2 




















1 


















2 


3 

1 
5 

14 








4 

1 

10 














1 
2 








Oklahoma 


26 




12 




1 












15 
17 

32 

17 

22 

8 

347 


14 

7 
3 


1 
9 
23 
16 
18 
6 

193 








7 
14 
27 
22 
14 

9 

, 386 


6 

5 

1 


1 
9 
23 
21 
8 
4 

227 














1 
1 








25 to 34 years 


5 
1 
2 
2 

20 




2 
1 
6 
5 

56 




1 












2 


























133 




1 


98 


5 




(In Oklahoma largely.) 






58 
66 
81 

51 
70 
21 

169 


57 

49 

18 

4 

5 








1 


78 
55 
99 
59 
72 
22 

156 


65 
• 20 
7 
2 
2 
2 

33 


11 

33 
81 
50 
47 
5 

96 


2 
1 

10 

6 

22 

14 

24 








17 
60 
44 
57 
15 

78 






1 
1 
1 
1 
1 

2 






3 
3 

8 
6 

18 


































71 


2 




1 


(In Wisconsin largely.) 






27 
22 
46 
23 

40 

1 " 


27 
17 
16 
3 
5 
3 










17 
27 
37 
26 
39 
10 


15 
9 
4 
3 
1 
1 


1 
17 
31 
20 
26 

1 






1 




4 
29 
17 
25 

3 


1 

1 
2 

10 
4 








1 










2 
3 
11 

8 






1 












1 




1 










i 







67090°— 15- 



-12 



I Totals include persons of unknown age. 



178 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



MARITAL CONDITION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION 16 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES. 
CLASSIFIED BY AGE PERIODS, BY PRINCIPAL TRIBES AND PRINCIPAL STATES: 1910— Continued. 

(This table shows each tribe having 350 or more Indians in 1910.] 



Table 69— Continued. 


INDUN MALES 15 TEAKS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


rNDIAN FEMALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


TBIBE, STATE, AND AGE PERIOD. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 



ATHATASKAN STOCK. 



Apache (total.) ' 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 

ARIZONA ' 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years "and over 

HoPA (total) 

(In (California largely.) 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 

JicARH-LA Apache (total).. 
(All in New Me.xico.) 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 

Mescalero Apache (total) 
(In New Mexico largely.) 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 

Navajo (total) ' 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 

Arizona ' 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 vcars 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 

New Mexico i 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 yejirs 

65 years and over 

Utah > 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 

Rogue River (total)' 

(In Oregon largely.) 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 



1,472 



244 
173 
329 
277 
335 
108 



222 
159 
314 
246 
302 
99 



5,918 



1,255 

854 

1,313 

1,118 

900 

437 



653 

424 
6.54 
546 
426 
232 

2,609 



531 
383 

578 
620 
418 
173 



211 

87 

32 

7 



329 



201 
81 
28 
7 
9 
3 



76 



1,762 



1,152 
405 
149 
22 
19 
13 

867 



581 
182 
64 
13 
15 
11 



508 
201 
73 
6 
4 
2 



38 



20 



5 

71 
269 
240 
273 

77 



263 

210 

245 

72 



101 



130 



3,814 



83 

415 

1,105 

1,038 

815 

334 

1.907 



53 
224 
553 
499 
385 
175 



22 
169 
487 
492 
379 
134 



59 



118 



228 



18 



69 



1,529 



221 
171 
328 
290 
3.55 
159 



209 
162 
316 
270 
340 
142 



221 



5,940 



1,244 

916 

1,430 

1.070 

777 

466 

2,940 



648 
452 
692 
603 
395 
219 

2,703 



544 

425 
6.55 
506 
352 
215 

291 



158 
15 
10 
2 
2 
2 

183 



153 
14 
10 
2 
2 
2 



63 



52 
139 
285 
246 
219 

42 



47 
133 
274 
226 
208 

37 



119 



704 
120 
45 

7 
12 

453 



355 
55 
21 
5 



323 
61 
22 



4,148 



502 
734 
1,267 
948 
506 
168 

2,074 



267 
363 
614 

448 
276 
86 



2 

11 

22 

33 

122 

109 

283 

2 
10 
22 
33 
118 
97 



35 



680 



13 
28 
63 
81 
230 
262 

284 



5 
15 
31 
35 
92 
105 



211 
336 
574 
447 
207 
67 



13 
31 
40 
131 
141 

32 



' Totals include persons of unknown age. 



MARITAL CONDITION. 17« 

MARTTA.T CONDITION OP THE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OK AGE AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES, 
**^^^^-^ ClTssn'l ED BY AGE PERIODS, BY PRINCIPAL TRIBES AND PRINCIPAL STATES: 1910-Contimied, 



|This table shows each tribe having 350 or more Indians in 1910.] 



Table 69— Continued. 


INDIAN MALES 13 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


INDIAN FEMALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER:. 1910. 


■ TRIBE, STATE, AND AGE PERIOD. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 



Cherokee (total) "... 



15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 

North Carolina 

15 to 19 years 
20 to 24 years 
25 to 34 years 
35 to 44 years 
45 to 64 years 
65 years and over 

Oklahoma' 

15 to 19 years 
20 to 24 years 
25 to 34 years 
35 to 44 years 
45 to 64 years 
65 years and over 



Mohawk (total) 
(In New York largely.) 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 



CROATAN GROtrP. 



Croahn (total) 1 

(.\11 in North Carolina.) 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 4 4 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 



318 
268 
340 
233 
327 
98 



312 
142 

47 
15 
9 



6 
125 
289 
209 
297 
78 



48 



322 
309 
336 
259 



467 



.W 


66 


99 


206 


49 


274 


27 


213 


27 


212 


9 


39 



IROQCOIAN STOCK. 









CADDOAN 


STOCK. 














.^RIKARA (total) 1 

(In North Dakota largely.) 
15 to 19 years 


136 

31 
10 


40 

27 
4 


81 

2 
4 


10 


1 


4 

2 
2 


140 

29 
21 


38 

28 
9 


90 

1 
12 


10 


1 


1 


25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

05 years and over 


26 

21 

38 

9 

131 

28 
15 


7 
1 

1 

50 

28 
13 


18 

18 

33 

5 

70 

2' 


i 

2 
3 
4 

10 


i' 


1 


21 
39 
11 

110 

17 
16 


21 

15 
4 


21 

35 

5 

72 

2 
11 


3' 

5 

16 


i' 

1 
i' 


i 


Caddo (total) i 

(In Oklahoma largely.) 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 


:::::::::: 


25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 

Pawnee (total) i 

(In Oklahoma largely.) 
15 to 19 years 


27 

26 

27 

6 

195 

30 

38 


5 
3 
1 

69 

30 
31 


21 

21 

22 

3 

121 

7' 


i 
2 
4 
3 

5 






20 

25 

5 

212 

39 
33 


49 

36 

7 


20 
17 

2 

129 

3 

21 


¥ 

3 

32 
3 


2 
2 





25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 


29 
35 
44 
16 


7 


21 
34 

42 
15 


1 
1 
2 
1 






47 
39 
40 
13 


6 


36 

34 

31 

3 


5 
9 
10 








1 Totals include persons of unknown age. 



180 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



MARITAL CONDITION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES 
CLASSIFIED BY AGE PERIODS, BY PRINCIPAL TRIBES AND PRINCIPAL STATES: 1910— Continued. 



[This table shows each tribe having 350 or more Indians in 1910.] 



Table 69— Continued. 


DTDIAK MALE3 15 TEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


INDIAN FEMALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


TRIBE, STATE, AND AGE PERIOD. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


ow'ed. Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 



IROQTJOIAN STOCK— Continued. 



Oneida (total) i 


805 


299 


443 


47 


16 




682 


155 


444 


67 


15 


I 








15 to 19 vears 


119 
120 
164 
146 
185 
69 

78 


119 
96 
45 
26 
12 










100 
102 
167 
112 
133 
68 

73 


85 
44 
22 
1 
3 


15 

56 
136 

99 
108 

30 

45 








20 to 24 years 


23 
116 
114 
145 

44 

37 




1 
2 
2 

7 
4 






1 
4 
8 
19 
35 

16 


1 
5 
4 
3 
2 




25 to 34 years 


1 

4 

21 

21 

9 






35 to 44 years 






45 to 64 years 











1 


New York 


32 




12 


15 to 19 vears 


13 
11 
9 
15 
20 
10 

687 


13 
9 
6 
2 
2 










9 
5 
11 
16 
20 
12 

553 


8 
2 


1 

3 
11 
15 
13 

2 

382 








20 to 24 years 


2 
3 
13 
15 
4 

397 














25 to 34 years 














35 to 4 1 years 




::::::::: 




1 

5 
10 

47 






45 to 64 years 


3 
6 

37 






2 






65 3'ears and over 










Wisconsin i 


237 


16 




109 


15 




15 to 19 years 


88 
99 
118 
127 
165 
58 

121 


88 
77 
38 
23 
10 










73 

79 
145 

92 
112 

52 

113 


69 
28 
20 

1 
1 


14 
49 
116 
80 
95 
28 

58 








20 to 24 years 


21 

108 
98 

130 
39 

60 




I 
2 
2 

7 
4 




1 

4 

7 

13 

22 


1 
5 

4 
3 
2 




25 to 34 vears 








35 to 44 years 


4 

18 
15 

10 






45 to 64 vears 












Onondaga ( total) i 


51 




34 




15 to 19 vears 


21 
26 
27 
16 
23 
7 

420 


20 
18 
11 


1 
8 
16 
14 
16 
4 

207 








27 
17 
19 
15 
25 
9 

319 


24 
6 
4 


i! 

13 
11 
17 
2 

181 






















25 to 34 years 








2 
4 
8 

7 

28 








2 

6 
2 

28 










45 to 64 years 


1 

1 

173 


::::::::: 








65 years and over 












1 ^ St. Regis (total) » 




12 


105 




s 


(In New York largely.) 








101 
79 
81 
59 
79 
21 

964 


94 

57 

15 

2 

5 








7 
3 


83 
54 
70 
39 
55 
17 

903 


75 

21 

5 

3 


4 

33 
58 
33 
48 

5 

527 


2 




2 




19 
63 
52 
60 
13 

511 












2 
5 

13 

8 

97 




1 


5 
3 

1^ 
126 




2 










45 to 64 years 




1 




1 












Seneca (total) ' 


334 


13 


9 


219 


27 


4 








164 
124 
177 
169 
242 
75 

821 


157 
85 
46 
20 
18 
5 

233 


3 
35 
123 
132 

177 
34 

472 






A 
2 

1 


172 
113 

185 
143 
195 
89 

760 


145 

40 

24 

2 

4 

2 

149 


22 
69 
144 
125 
134 
31 

474 


1 

1 

12 

11 

47 
53 

106 


2 
3 
5 
4 
10 
2 

27 


2 


20 to 24 vears . 




2 

1 

5 

5 






6 
12 

41 
36 

96 






1 




1 




65 years and over . . 


1 


New York' 


13 


7 


4 






15 to 19 vears 


105 
89 
160 
153 
231 
70 

45 


98 
56 
37 
16 
18 
5 

19 


3 
31 
115 

120 
166 
30 

24 






4 


121 
92 
156 
127 
180 
78 

69 


97 

24 

18 

2 

4 

2 

18 


19 
64 
127 
109 
127 
26 

34 


1 
1 
6 
11 
39 
47 

17 


2 
3 

5 
4 
10 
2 


2 


20 to 24 vears 




2 
1 
5 
5 






6 
12 
41 
35 


1 






I 




1 




65 vears and over 


I 






2 















15 to 19 years ... . . , . . 


7 
12 

7 
12 

6 

1 

155 


7 
6 
3 
3 










12 
8 
21 
10 
11 
7 

114 


9 
5 

4 


3 
3 
11 

10 
5 
2 

62 










4 
4 

9 
6 
1 

72 






2 








25 to 34 vears 






6 


















45to64vears 










6 
5 

15 






















TUSCARORA (total) ' 


72 


11 






36 


1 




(In New York largely.) 
15 to 19 years 








33 
12 
31 
30 
41 
8 

109 


33 
10 
14 
9 
6 










24 
7 
21 
15 
36 
9 

87 


22 
4 

5 


2 
3 
16 
14 
26 
1 

51 










2 
17 
20 
29 

4 

52 














25 to 34 years 
















I 
6 
4 

6 






1 
6 

8 

8 






45 to 64 years 


1 


3 


1 














49 


1 


1 


28 






(In Oltlahoma largely.) 
15 to 19 vears ... 







29 
10 
18 
19 
24 
9 


23 
9 

8 
1 

1 
2 


1 

1 
8 
IS 
19 
5 




...1 


22 
12 
19 
13 
IS 
3 


21 
3 
2 


1 
9 

\l 
12 






















25 to 34 years .... ... 


1 




1 


1 














45 to 64 vears 


4 
1 


":::::'i :: : : 


1 
1 


5 
2 



























I Totals include persons of unknown age. 



V 



MARITAL CONDITION. 



181 



MARITAL CONDITION OF TnE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES, 
CLASSIFIED BY AGE PERIODS, BY PRINCIPAL TRIBES AND PRINCIPAL STATES: 1910— Continued. 

[This table shows each tribe having 350 or more Indians in 1910.] 



Table 69— Continued. 


oidian males is years or age and over: 1910. 


INDIAN FEMALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


TRIBE, STATE, AND AGE PERIOD. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
conditiOD 

not 
reported. 


Total. 


Smgle. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 


KAROK STOCK. 


Orleans (total)* 


229 


100 


108 


20 


1 




233 


51 


141 


38 


2 


1 


(.vn in California.) 






35 
27 
58 
46 
40 
22 


35 
23 
28 
9 
4 










31 
31 
51 
41 
47 
32 


29 
9 
8 
5 


2 
21 
41 
32 
33 
12 










4 
30 
34 
27 
!3 










1 












2 
3 
13 
20 






2 
9 
9 


1 




1 








1 




























KERBSAN STOCK. 


AcoM\, (total) 


210 


72 


125 


12 


1 




214 


45 


132 


35 


2 




(All in New Mexico.) 
15 to 19 years 






30 
22 
49 
42 
3S 
29 

462 


30 

19 

21 

1 

1 










25 
21 

62 
34 

44 
28 

418 


21 
10 
9 
5 


4 
9 

61 
24 
32 
12 

264 










3 

26 
39 
33 
24 

254 








1 
2 
4 
12 
16 

55 


1 






1 

2 
4 
5 

43 


1 










1 
























LiGUNA (total) 


165 






109 






(In New Mexico largely.) 










78 
58 
97 
91 
83 
55 

198 


77 
44 
29 
5 
3 
7 

86 




1 

1 

5 

8 

7 

21 

32 






76 
60 
96 
61 

88 
38 

135 


69 
21 

14 
1 
2 
2 

29 


7 
36 
76 
54 
66 
16 

86 








20 to 24 years 


13 
63 
78 
73 

27 

SO 






3 

5 
6 
21 
20 

21 














































SvN Feupe (total) 1 










15 to 19 voars 










30 

16 

tl 
36 
16 

262 


29 
15 
18 
21 
1 
2 

84 


I 
1 

19 

29 

22 

S 

150 








26 
9 
28 
31 
27 
13 

232 


22 
2 
1 
1 
2 
I 

56 


4 
7 
27 
29 
13 
6 

154 






















25 to 34 vpars 


4 
9 
13 
6 

28 


















1 

12 

7 

22 


























Santo Domingo (total) 










(All io New Mexico.) 










45 
22 
44 
53 
72 
26 


44 

17 

14 

4 

5 


1 
5 

30 
46 
55 
13 








47 
13 
61 
68 
39 
4 


34 
7 

11 
2 
2 


13 
6 
45 
61 
26 
3 






























5 

5 

11 

1 








3 
12 
13 
































1 


i 














KIOWAN STOCK. 


Kiowa (total)i 


293 


61 


225 


6 




1 


314 


31 


251 


27 


1 


4 


(In Oklahoma largely.) 






62 
25 
58 
53 
80 
13 


51 

I 

1 
1 


10 
19 
55 
52 
77 
11 






1 


S3 
36 
73 
47 
81 
22 


25 
2 
1 


28 
32 
67 
46 
69 
10 














2 

4 
2 
11 

8 








1 






1 












45 to 64 vears 


2 
2 






1 

2 














2 
















KtJTENAIAN STOCK. 




181 


45 


121 


11 


4 




154 


IS 


116 


20 






(In Montana largely.) 
15 to 19 vears 








27 
14 
42 
46 
40 
12 


22 
8 

10 
5 


5 

6 

31 

37 

34 

8 








16 
16 
31 
36 
42 
13 


11 
2 


5 
14 
30 
32 
29 

6 
























1 
2 
4 
4 






1 

1 

12 

6 








2 
2 




3 

1 
1 
















1 




















LTJTTJAMIAN STOCK. 




213 


86 


108 


17 


2 




240 


50 


130 


60 






15 to 19 \ ears 








35 
25 
48 
29 
57 
18 


35 

23 

23 

3 

2 










35 
23 
34 
33 
70 
44 


31 
14 
4 

1 


4 

9 

29 

30 

60 

8 










2 
24 
24 

43 
H 














25 to 34 vears 


1 

1 
11 
4 






1 
2 
20 
36 








1 
1 






























1 









* Totals include persons of unknown age. 



182 INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 

VfARITAI CONDITION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES. 
MARITAL^tOWm^llUW^^y^^^i^ti^^^^^^^ ^^ PRINCIPAL TRIBES AND PRINCIPAL STATES: 1910-Contmued. 

[This table shows each tribe ha%-ing 350 or more Indians in 1910.] 



Table 69— Continued. 

TEIBE, STATE, AND AGE PERIOD. 



Chickasaw (total) i 

(In Oklahoma largely.) 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

25 to J4 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 



Choctaw (total) ' . 



15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over. 



Mississippi - 



15 to 19 yeais 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over. 

Oklahoma i 



15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over. 

CSEEK (total)' . 



15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

4.5 to 64 years 

65 years and over. 



Oklahoma ' 



15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

48 to 64 years 

65 years and over. 



INDliN MALES 15 TEAES OF AOE AND OVER: 1910. 



Total. 



Single. 



Married. 



Wid- 
owed. 



Divorced, 



Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 



INDIAN FEMALES 15 TEAKS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 



Total. 



Single. 



Married. 



Wid- 
owed. 



Divorced 



MAIDTJ STOCK. 



Maidu (total)i 

(In California largely.) 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 y 5ars 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 



130 

51 

35 

29 

8 

4 

3 



316 



62 



195 



MIWOK STOCK. 



MrwoK (total) 1 

(In California largely.) 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years , 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 



229 

35 
29 
42 
38 
50 
34 



MXJSKHOGEAX STOCK. 



247 
175 
235 
147 
130 
18 



896 
692 
987 
699 
725 
154 



64 

53 
78 
57 
62 
32 

3,763 



823 
627 
893 
62S 
651 
120 



332 
321 
487 
351 
36S 



1,869 



321 

305 
461 
338 
350 
81 



235 

79 

24 

4 

3 

1 



842 

352 

146 

28 

14 

4 



774 

325 

131 

21 

13 

3 



629 



545 

6 

83 
196 
136 
108 

15 



44 

324 
780 
617 
594 
106 



5 
29 
63 
48 
51 
19 

2,224 



31.! 

177 

92 

26 

15 

3 

591 



302 

165 

81 

25 

13 

2 



39 
290 
709 
564 
533 i 



43 



12 

49 
50 
112 
41 

37 



3 

7 
5 
10 
12 

222 



I 



9 
42 
42 
100 
28 



1,192 



15 

135 
371 
297 



15 
131 

359 
287 
283 
66 



1 
5 
17 
27 
53 
15 

113 



10 



1,012 



239 
188 
236 
171 
143 
31 



3,995 

824 
710 
1,021 
664 
591 
156 

286 



42 

50 
75 
49 
48 
22 

3,653 



773 
646 
932 
607 
53S 
133 



1,994 



194 

49 

13 

2 

2 

1 



626 

197 

56 

10 

12 

5 



607 



39 
126 
212 
140 

83 



2,511 



369 
332 
534 
337 
322 



1,925 

352 
322 
519 
329 
308 
81 



593 
180 
47 
9 
11 
5 



445 



296 

99 

38 

4 

5 

1 



285 

96 

33 

3 

5 

1 



170 
465 
876 
567 
388 
40 

202 

U 

40 
63 
43 
37 

8 

2,278 



154 
419 
805 
519 
344 
32 



1,229 



128 



18 
40 
69 
79 
185 
110 

34 



4 
5 
11 

14 

461 



68 
210 
442 
235 
191 

24 

1,187 



203 
432 
279 
181 
21 



13 
40 
62 
71 
172 
95 



299 



3 

19 
46 
44 
125 
60 



3 
19 
46 
43 
121 
58 



Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 



28 



26 



1 

4 


1 


7 
4 


1 




1 


1 




17 


4 


1 
4 


1 


7 
4 


1 




I 


1 





L Totals include persons of unknown age. 



MARITAL CONDITION. 



183 



MARITAL CONDITION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES, 
CLASSIFIED UY AGE PERIODS, BY PRINCIPAL TRIBES AND PRINCIPAL STATES: 1910— Contmued. 

[This table shows each tribe having 350 or more Indians in 1910.] 



Table 69— Continued. 


INDUN MALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


INDIAN FEMALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


TKIBE. St.VTE, AND AGE PERIOD 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 



MUSKHOOEAN STOCK— Continued. 



PIMAN STOCK. 



Seminole (total) ' 


535 


175 


313 


37 


6 


4 


494 


109 


310 


68 





1 








97 
89 
149 
86 
77 
33 

449 


94 
43 

27 
4 
5 


1 

42 
113 
76 
57 
23 

270 


1 


2 


103 
74 

115 
90 
88 
21 

435 


71 

28 

6 

3 


28 
41 
104 

70 
59 

7 

271 


3 

4 
4 
16 
27 
13 

60 


1 






4 

7 
3 
14 
9 

32 




1 




1 
3 
1 
1 

6 


1 


1 
1 
2 

1 

6 






















Okl\.hom\, 1 


138 


3 


9? 










83 
74 
125 
68 
68 
30 

69 


81 

31 

20 

2 

4 


1 

39 
96 
61 
53 
20 

38 






1 


99 
62 
99 
75 
81 
17 

54 


67 

25 

5 

1 


28 
33 

90 

57 

57 

5 

36 


3 
4 
3 
16 
22 
U 

8 


1 






4 
7 
2 
10 
9 

3 








1 

3 
1 

1 


1 


1 

1 
2 

1 
























27 


1 


9 


1 












14 
11 
17 
13 
8 
3 


13 

8 
2 
1 
1 








1 


3 

11 
13 
15 

7 
4 


3 
3 












3 
15 

12 
4 
3 






7 
12 
13 
2 
2 






1 










1 






35 to 44 vears 








2 








3 






5 
2 



































Papago (total) 1 


1,143 


351 


694 


62 


2 


34 


1,037 


255 


720 


83 


2 


27 




230 
123 
264 
205 
223 
95 

1,369 


210 
54 

48 

23 

12 

4 

413 


8 

56 

206 

167 

181 

74 

812 






12 
10 
6 

1 
2 
3 


197 
178 
252 

176 
193 

84 

1,212 


155 
51 

27 
10 

7 
5 

238 


35 

112 
212 
159 
147 
49 

802 


1 

9 

7 

32 

26 

168 




6 




3 

3 
14 
23 
13 

138 






8 




1 


1 


3 






45 to 64 vears 




1 


8 




1 
6 


4 


Pima (total) i 


4 






263 
119 
255 
240 
327 
160 

189 


255 
71 
52 
16 
14 
4 

71 


7 
44 
191 
212 
248 
107 

111 




1 




. 207 
113 
233 
199 
299 
152 

129 


183 

31 

15 

3 

4 

1 

19 


21 
78 
208 
182 
240 
66 

103 


3 

4 

7 

14 

55 

84 








4 

10 
12 
62 
49 

7 










2 




3 












3 












1 




Yaqui (total) 1 










33 

24 
41 
47 
33 
10 


33 
12 
15 
4 
6 










21 
19 
33 

25 

i 


13 
3 
2 
1 


S 
16 
31 
23 
19 

5 











12 
26 
40 
23 
10 






























3 

4 






1 
3 
3 
































. 













POMO STOCK. 



PoMO (total)i 

(In California largely.) 

15 to 19 vears 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 5'ears and over 



SALISHAN STOCK. 



' Totals include persons of unlmown age. 



10 



Clallam (total ) » 


121 


42 


74 


3 


2 




102 


15 


76 


8 


2 


1 




24 
15 
22 
20 
32 
6 

137 


24 
13 
2 
2 










13 
14 
21 
18 
24 
10 

US 


11 
3 

1 


2 
9 
20 
17 
21 
7 

73 










1 
19 
18 
29 

6 

81 




1 
1 






2 




















1 
3 
2 

25 








3 
























1 


CoLUMniA (total) i 


34 


11 




11 


15 


1 


4 




19 

7 

30 

22 
33 
20 


14 
3 

11 

5 


2 
4 
17 
16 
28 
14 


1 




2 


14 
13 
20 
22 
31 
16 


12 
2 


2 
11 
15 
15 
22 

6 




















1 
1 
3 

5 




1 


4 

5 
8 
8 


1 








1 


1 






2 
1 




1 


65 years 'and over 










2 



184 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



MATiTTAL CONDITION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES, 
*^" CLASSIFIED BY AGE PERIODS, BY PRINCIPAL TRIBES AND PRINCIPAL STATES: 1910-Continued. 

(This table shows each tribe having 350 or more Indians in 1910.] 



Table 69 — Continued. 


INDIAN MALES 15 TEARS OF AGE AND OVER; 1910. 


INDUN FEMALES 15 TEARS OT AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


TRIBE, STATE, AND AGE PERIOD. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 



8AL.ISHAN STOCK— Continued. 



COLVILLE (total) ■ 


262 


105 


124 


23 


8 


2 


237 


48 


149 


37 


2 1 1 


(In Washington largely.) 


53 
40 
39 
40 
64 
26 

144 


52 
30 
12 
3 
5 
3 

54 


1 
7 
23 
34 
44 
15 

81 






1 


42 
22 
42 
56 
52 
22 

134 


37 
3 
5 
2 
1 


5 
17 
34 
48 
38 

7 

90 








3 

1 

1 

10 

8 

8 




1 


1 
2 
6 
13 
15 

19 


1 


25 to 34 years 


2 

2 

4 


i 


1 1 


45 to 64 years 


1 ] 




65 years and over 

Flathead (total) 


1 




24 


1 ' 






15 to 19 years 


28 
17 
38 
26 

27 
8 

119 


28 
15 
9 

1 
1 


2 






! 


21 
13 
22 
25 
34 
19 

112 


20 
4 


1 

9 

21 

24 

28 

7 

78 






25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 


29 

23 

21 

6 

72 


i" 

5 
2 

6 


i' 


::::::;::;| 




1 
6' 


i' !!!!!!!!!! 


65 years and over 

Montana 


40 


1 




16 


12 
17 


1 ' 




20 
13 
32 
23 
24 
7 

191 


20 

11 
7 
1 
1 










14 
9 
18 
23 
31 
17 

189 


13 
3 


1 

6 

17 

22 

25 

7 

127 








2 
25 
20 
19 

6 

119 




















1 
6 




35 to 44 years 


1 
4 
1 

12 


1 






1 


65 years and over 

Kalispel (total) 


58 


2 




24 


10 

37 


1 j 


15 to 19 years 


30 
15 
2S 
42 
50 
26 

136 


28 
12 
6 
5 
6 
1 

38 


2 
3 
20 
35 
41 
18 

88 








26 
17 
26 
41 
41 
38 

133 


21 
3 


5 
14 
24 
30 
36 
18 

89 




1 



20 to 24 years 


i' 

1 

3 

7 

8 


i' 

1 




2 

10 

5 

20 

24 




35 to 44 years 






1 


65 years and over 

Montana 


2 




19 


1 


15 to 19 years 


17 
10 

20 
32 
39 
18 

87 


16 
7 
5 
5 
4 
1 

26 


1 
3 
14 
26 
32 
12 

47 









18 
16 
18 
26 
30 
25 

70 


16 
3 


2 
13 
16 
19 
27 
12 

50 






25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 




1 

1 






2 
6 
3 
13 

4 


11"::::::: 


45 to 64 years 


5 
9 










LUM M I ( tot al ) 




5 


15 


1 


(In Washington largely.) 


18 
12 
16 
14 
13 
14 

212 


14 
8 
1 
2 


1 

2 
14 
11 
11 

8 

122 






3 
1 


11 
13 
18 
12 
8 
8 

190 


10 
2 
3 


1 
9 
15 
12 
8 
5 

131 






20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 


1 
1 
1 
1 
5 

17 




1 


1 1 


45 to 04 years 

65 years and over 


1 
66 


1 


i" 

6 


29 


3' 

24 




6 


Snohomish (total) i 




(In Washington largely.) 


38 
25 
45 
35 
39 
29 

207 

29 
16 


14 
16 
2 


1 

9 
23 
29 
37 
23 

133 

1 
4 






5 

1 


30 
22 
30 
29 
47 
27 

228 

30 
15 


19 

8 

1 


8 
11 
27 
28 
41 
13 

146 

2 

6 






3 
3 


20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 


1 
6 
3 
2 
5 

21 


i 


2 

1 




45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 

Spokan (total) 1 

15 to 19 years 


i' 

52 

28 
12 




1 


45 

28 
9 


6 
14 

35 


1 


1 


25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 

Washington i 

15 to 19 years 


34 
25 
64 

38 

123 

14 

7 


7 
2 
1 
2 

26 

14 

5 


26 
23 
54 
24 

83 
2 


1 

9' 

11 

13 





i' 

1 


60 
40 
56 
33 

129 

16 
S 


3 
5 

20 

15 
2 


42 
33 
46 
15 

81 

1 
3 


2 
9 
18 

27 


i 


1 


25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 


24 
17 
35 
26 


4 

2 

i 


19 
15 
31 
16 


1 

4 

8 




i' 


27 
14 
38 
26 


1 
2 




11 
31 
12 


1 
7 
14 







I Totals include persons ot unknown age. 



MARITAL CONDITION. 



185 



MARITAL CONDITION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES, 
CLASSIFIED BY AGE PERIODS, BY PRINCIPAL TRIBES AND PRINCIPAL STATES: 1910— Continued. 

[This table shows each tribe having 350 or more Indians in 1910.] 



Table 6»— Continued. 


INDIAN MALES 15 VEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


INDIAN FEMALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


TRIBE, STATE, AN'D AGE PERIOD. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 



SHAHAPTIAN STOCK. 



Klikitat (total) * . 


131 


35 


84 


5 


6 


1 


162 


31 


96 


29 


2 


4 


(In Washington largely.) 




18 
18 
20 
27 
32 
16 

425 


18 
12 
4 

1 










23 

18 
28 
26 
38 
28 

447 


21 
6 
2 
1 

1 


1 
11 
23 
19 
27 
14 

279 






1 




6 
15 
23 
28 
12 

261 








1 
2 
3 
9 
14 

88 










1 
3 
1 
1 

15 






1 


35 to 44 veirs . - 






1 
1 


2 




3 

2 

33 










1 
9 






107 


62 


10 


8 








46 
58 
68 
57 
102 
80 

341 


44 

39 

14 

2 

3 


2 

16 
45 
46 

88 
60 

217 








61 

28 
72 
84 
105 
81 

377 


46 
8 
5 


14 
16 
57 
"0 
85 
31 

240 




1 
1 
3 
2 
3 




20 to 24 Ve-ars . 


\ 

5 
5 
IS 

26 


1 
5 
4 
3 
2 

14 


1 


3 

7 
12 
17 
48 

71 
















3 






65 years'and over 


1 
49 


1 


75 


9 


9 


8 








33 
37 
56 
45 

88 
68 

119 


31 

23 

11 

2 

3 


2 
12 

39 
36 
75 
49 

65 








49 
22 

60 
72 
89 
69 

116 


37 
6 
3 


11 
13 
50 
60 
73 
27 

75 




1 
1 
3 
2 
2 








1 
4 
4 
3 
2 

1 


1 


2 

4 
10 
14 
40 

13 




25 ti 34 voars . . . 


2 
3 
4 

17 

8 












3 








1 
24 


1 




45 




4 




(In Oregon largely.) 






23 
19 
20 
22 
25 
10 

lf.5 


22 
11 
7 
4 

1 


1 
7 
12 
17 
22 
6 

123 








19 
17 
23 
15 
22 
20 

193 


17 
5 
1 
1 


1? 
20 
11 
21 
10 

131 










1 
1 








1 

1 
1 

1 










1 
2 






i 








2 

4 

14 














10 
40 




Warm Springs (total) 


27 




1 


22 












12 
14 
28 
35 
41 
35 

411 


12 
8 
2 
1 
3 
1 

120 










14 
22 
44 
27 
64 
32 

501 


10 

11 

1 


4 
9 
34 
26 
41 
17 

308 










5 
23 
31 

37 
27 

236 






1 


2 
9 

1 
13 
15 

93 








3 
3 

1 
7 

39 












































8 


8 


87 


8 


6 








57 
63 
94 
53 
89 
50 

382 


55 
36 
17 
3 
3 
4 

109 


2 

22 
71 
39 
67 
32 

218 








58 
71 
96 
80 
122 
62 

459 


50 
18 
13 
4 


8 
50 
70 
62 
85 
24 

278 










2 
4 
9 
13 
11 

39 


1 
2 
2 
2 
1 

8 


2 


2 

to 

10 
35 
35 

91 


1 
3 
3 












1 




4 
2 

8 


2 






1 
6 


2 




79 


6 








52 
56 
87 
51 
85 
46 


50 
31 
16 
3 
3 
4 


2 
20 
65 
37 
63 
28 








51 
64 
88 
73 
114 
57 


43 

17 

13 

4 


8 
45 
62 
57 
77 
20 










2 
4 
9 
13 

11 


1 
2 
2 
2 
1 


2 


1 
10 
10 
35 
34 


1 
3 

1 








35 to 44 vears 




1 




4 
2 


2 






1 


2 









SHASTAN STOCK. 



Pit Ri\ er ftotal)' 


305 


78 


187 


38 


2 




337 


75 


206 


47 


4 


6 










40 
37 
61 
51 
85 
20 

275 


39 
21 
8 
5 
2 
1 

68 


1 
15 
45 
41 
67 
12 

170 







79 
36 
67 
55 
59 
28 

301 


57 
12 
5 


16 
23 
55 
51 
40 
12 

167 


2 

5' 

ll 
16 

43 


1 


3 




1 

7 
5 
16 

7 

35 








25 to 34 Vears 


1 


















1 












California ' 


2 




64 


4 


3 


15 to 19 years 


33 
35 
55 

48 
75 
18 


32 
19 
8 
5 

1 
1 


1 
15 
39 
38 
60 
11 








65 
33 

59 
60 
57 
24 


47 
11 
5 


14 
21 
48 
46 
39 
10 


2 


1 
1 
2 


1 




1 
7 
5 
14 
6 










1 




4 
4 
17 
14 












1 






65 years and over 


:::::::::::::::::::: 








Totals include persons of unknown age. 



186 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



MARITAL CONDITION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES, 
CLASSIFIED BY AGE PERIODS, BY PRINCIPAL TRIBES AND PRINCIPAL STATES: 1910— Continued. 

[This table shows each tribe having 3o0 or more Indians in 1910.] 



Table 69— Continued. 


DfDIAN MALES 15 TEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


INDIAN FEMALES 15 TEARS OF AGE AKD OVER: 1910. 


TRIBE, STATE, AND AGE PERIOD. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 


Total. 

1 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 



SHASTAIS' STOCK— Continued. 



Sa.vsTA (total). 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 54 years 

65 years and over 

Califoenia 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 6-1 years 

65 years and over 



22 
15 
8 
6 
3 
1 



39 



43 



32 



8HOSHONEAN STOCK. 





160 


54 


91 


13 


2 




H8 


22 


99 


23 


2 












25 
9 
29 
39 
46 
12 

142 


25 

8 
14 
5 

1 
1 

41 








19 
4 

30 
24 
55 
16 

129 


17 
1 


1 
2 
28 
21 
43 
4 

90 


1 

1 
2 
1 
9 
11 

24 








1 
14 
32 

35 
9 

88 












25 to 34 years 


1 
1 

9 
2 

11 












1 

1 




1 
2 

1 

13 


1 

1 




45 to 64 years . 














2 




2 












19 
6 
24 
39 
42 
12 

122 


19 
5 

10 
5 

1 
1 

28 










11 
3 
27 
23 
49 
16 

112 


9 


1 

2 

25 

20 

38 

4 

76 


1 
1 
2 
1 
8 
11 

26 






20 to 24 years 


1 

13 
32 
33 

9 

■ 79 












25 to 34 years . 


1 

1 
7 
2 

15 


. 












1 
1 




i 

2 

1 

8 


1 
1 




45 to 64 years 


















1 


1 











9 
17 
35 
13 
27 
16 

83 


9 
13 
3 

2 

1 










9 

6 

33 

17 
25 
22 

80 


6 


3 
4 
29 
15 
20 
5 

56 








20 to 24 years . . 


4 
29 
15 
22 

9 

56 








2 
2 

1 
5 
16 

19 








3 
1 

4 

12 






1 

1 


1 












45 to 64 years 




















1 




20 






4 




1 














6 

11 
27 
12 
17 
15 

359 


6 

9 
3 

1 
1 










3 
4 

26 
11 

18 
18 

384 


2 


1 

3 
24 

9 
14 

5 

250 








20 to 24 years . .... 


2 
21 
10 
14 

9 

246 








1 
1 

1 
4 
12 

74 








3 
1 
2 

6 

28 






1 
1 






35 to 44 vears . 










45 to 64 years 




















1 


Comanche (total) * 


84 


1 




55 


4 


I 


(In Olclahoma largely.) 
1.') to 19 years 






64 
33 
79 
65 
84 
27 

651 


57 
10 
9 
1 
4 
1 

172 


22 
64 
59 
67 
22 

368 








59 
44 
75 
64 
93 
41 

538 


44 

8 
1 


14 
33 
72 
58 
62 
5 

360 


1 
2 
1 
5 
29 
34 

54 








1 

6 
4 
13 

4 

67 






1 

1 
1 
1 




25 to 34 years 








35 to 44 years 


1 






4.') to 64 years 




87 




65 years and over 






1 


Hopi (total) 1 


43 


1 


37 




(In Arizona largely.) 
15 to 19 years 




106 
54 
97 
172 
175 
46 

291 


97 
41 
14 
11 
4 
4 

95 


4 

10 
66 
132 
134 
22 

147 




5 
1 
12 
16 
6 
3 




79 
37 
89 
135 
165 
32 

226 


61 
16 
5 


13 
17 
71 
125 
120 
13 

142 




5 
3 
11 

6 
12 






2 
4 

13 
31 
17 

40 




1 
2 

4 
29 
18 

29 




25 to 34 years 


1 




35 to 44 years 




45 to 64 yeare 




4 

1 

49 




65 years and over 






Kawia (tota!) > 


9 


1 


S 


(In California largely.) 
15 to 19 years 






47 
17 
52 
59 
72 
44 


47 
14 
23 
9 
2 










42 
16 
40 
41 
48 
3S 


34 
7 
6 
1 
1 
1 


5 
9 
32 
37 
39 
20 






3 


20 to 24 vears 


2 
24 
46 
SO 
25 






2 








25 to 34 years 


4 
3 
16 
17 




1 
3 
6 
18 




1 


35 to 44 vears 








45 to 64 ye.irs 




1 


J 


65 years and over 







1 Totals include persons or unknown age. 



MARITAL CONDITION. 



187 



MARITAL CONDITION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES, 
CLASSIFIED BY AGE PERIODS, BY PRINCIPAL TRIBES AND PRINCIPAL STATES: 1910— Continued. ' 





[This table shows each tribe having: 350 or moro Indians in 1910.; 












Table 6»— Continued. 


INDIAK MALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND 0\'ER: 1910. 


INDIAN FEMALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


TRIBE, STATE, AND AGE PERIOD. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 



SH08H0NBAN STOCK— Contmued. 



Mono (total) i 


422 


123 


245 


42 


9 


3 


505 


90 


299 


94 


14 


8 


(In Caliloraia largely.) 
15 to 19 vears 


53 
47 
89 
92 
81 
54 

- 274 


50 
33 
20 
13 
4 
3 

82 


2 
14 
68 
67 
70 
30 

161 






1 


76 
47 
112 
97 
98 
64 

238 


63 
12 
12 
2 


11 
32 
81 
81 
63 
26 

157 




1 
2 
3 
4 
3 
1 

2 


1 


20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 vears 


9' 

8 
5 
20 

26 


2" 

4 
2 

1 
2 




16 
10 
30 
36 

40 




35 to 44 years 




2 








1 




3 


39 




pAnJTE (total) > 






37 
29 
54 
41 
69 
36 

66 


36 

18 
12 
5 
8 
2 

25 


1 
10 
37 
33 
51 
26 

35 








35 
22 
54 
39 
53 
33 

57 

10 
5 
12 
11 
10 
8 

80 


25 
5 
6 

1 
2 


9 
16 
45 
34 
39 
12 

41 




1 






1 
4 
3 
9 
8 

4 






1 
3 
4 
11 
21 

5 






1 














^. 




1 




1 










California i 




2 


11 








18 
4 
6 
13 
13 
8 

93 


18 
3 










8 

1 


2 
4 
10 
10 
8 
6 

48 










1 
5 
12 
10 
6 

53 
















1 ■ 

1 
1 

1 

11 






2 
1 






















2 
1 

29 






2 












2 
24 






Nevada 






8 






15 to 19 years 


.7 
12 
27 
13 
20 
14 

86 


7 
8 
9 

1 
4 











6 
9 
19 
12 
18 
16 

78 


3 


3 

8 
14 

9 
11 

3 

54 


i' 






25 to 34 years 


18 
10 
13 
11 

55 


2 
2 
3 
3 

10 






4 

1 


1 
2 
7 

13 
9 






























18 


2 


1 


13 


2 










3 
9 
17 
9 
28 
12 

1,032 


7 
4 
2 
2 
2 
1 

24S 


1 
5 
13 

21 

7 

655 








15 
5 
18 
11 
19 
9 

1.118 


10 
2 
1 


4 
3 

17 
10 
16 
3 

750 




1 


















1 


1 














1 
2 
6 

173 








4 
4 

70 


1 






1 












Paviotso (total) 1 


4 


60 


143 


5 


47 




123 
111 
195 
180 
250 
139 

824 


115 
56 
35 
17 
15 
4 

195 


4 

47 
142 
151 
210 

97 

515 






4 
6 
8 
5 
6 
3 

55 


138 
110 
230 
216 
279 
115 

890 


98 
18 
13 
5 
4 
2 

117 


33 

83 
188 
187 
201 

54 

587 


3 
6 
19 
21 
69 
54 

138 




4 




2 
10 

5 

19 
34 

56 


1 


i 

3 
1 


2 






35 to 44 years 


2 


2 
5 




1 
3 




5 




5 




Nevada > 


43 




101 
97 
149 
135 
197 
112 

115 

13 


95 
48 
25 
12 
11 
3 

26 

13 

4 


4 
41 
108 
115 
166 
78 

79 
5* 






2 

5 
8 
3 
6 
2 


119 

87 
171 
172 
227 

84 

122 

10 
14 


82 
13 
11 

4 
3 

1 

17 

8 
5 


31 
66 
138 
148 
163 
37 

87 

2 
9 


3 

5 
12 
17 
58 
42 

18 




3 




2 

8 
4 
14 
28 

9 


1 


i 

3 
1 


2 








1 










1 
1 












Oregon i 

15 to 19 years 




2.5 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 

San LtnsENO (total) i 

(All in California.) 
15 to 19 years 


23 
25 
28 
16 

173 

41 
22 


4 
3 

1 
1 

88 

41 

20 


17 
20 
25 
11 

63 

2 


2 

1 
2 

4 

20 


i' 

2 




27 
23 
31 
17 

155 

36 
15 


1 
1 
1 
1 

66 

33 

9 


23 
21 
24 

8 

65 

2 
6 


3 

1 
6 
8 

22 
1 


2 




25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 


30 
25 
36 
18 


17 
3 
6 

1 


13 
18 
24 
5 


4 

4 

12 


2' 




26 
24 
33 
19 


15 

7 

1 


11 
15 
23 

7 


2 

8 
11 


i 

1 





' Totals include persons of unknown age. 



188 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



MARITAL CONDITION OP THE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES, 
CLASSIFIED BY AGE PERIODS, BY PRINCIPAL TRIBES AND PRINCIPAL STATES: 1910-Continued. 

(This table shows each tribe having 350 or more Indians in 1910. ] 



Table 69— Continued. 


INDIAN MALES 15 YEARS OP AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


INDIAN FEMALES 15 TEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


TRIBE, STATE, AND AGE PERIOD. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 



SHOSHONEAN STOCK— Continued. 



SIOTTAN STOCK. 



Shoshoni (total) ' 


1,320 


329 


837 


111 


15 


28 


1,274 


161 


876 


202 


16 


19 




175 
136 
254 
269 
346 
138 

426 


157 
80 
54 
22 
13 
2 

94 


6 
49 
189 
223 
286 
83 

281 






12 
4 
1 
2 
6 
3 

15 


165 
126 
235 
269 
330 
143 

429 


113 
22 
11 
6 
4 
3 

49 


38 
95 
210 
233 
246 
52 

300 


3 

4 
10 
27 
73 

84 

64 


2 
3 
1 
3 
5 
2 

11 


9 




3 

6 
18 
37 
47 

26 




2 




4 
4 
4 
3 

10 


3 








2 




2 


Idaho i 


6 




53 
30 
80 
84 
132 
47 

538 


47 
17 
19 
7 
4 


1 

10 
58 
73 
109 
30 

344 






5 
3 


53 

34 
81 
85 
123 
51 

527 


42 
1 
2 
1 
2 
1 

73 


10 

29 

74 

77 
87 
22 

369 




1 
1 

1 
2 
4 
2 

4 










3 
2 
5 
29 
25 

73 








3 
2 
3 
2 

3 


2 




2 
12 
12 

48 








4 
3 

4 


1 




1 


Nevada ' 


139 


8 




74 
60 
113 
113 
115 
61 

76 


69 
37 
17 
7 
6 
2 

9 


3 

22 
93 
96 
97 
32 

59 






2 
1 
1 


73 
55 
107 
116 
114 
59 

87 


47 
10 
6 
5 
1 
2 

3 


19 
41 
95 
97 
93 
23 

61 


2 




S 








2 


2 




2 
9 
U 

26 

8 




5 
13 
19 
34 

20 


1 




1 
1 
1 


i 
1 
















Utah i 




1 


2 




7 
8 
U 
15 
24 
11 

240 


6 
2 

1 


1 

4 
10 
14 
21 

9 

141 








11 
6 
14 
13 
27 
16 

208 


2 
1 


5 
4 
12 
13 
21 
6 

137 


1 


1 


2 




2 














2 








1 
3 
2 

29 






















6 
10 

45 




















Wyomit; G 


60 


1 


9 


22 




4 




28 
26 
47 
55 
68 
16 

783 


22 
12 
15 
8 
3 


1 

13 
28 
38 
52 

9 

462 






5 


19 
26 
31 
52 
63 
17 

634 


13 
6 
2 


4 
19 
28 
43 
42 

1 

463 






2 




1 

4 
6 
11 

7 

98 




1 
1 
9 
19 
15 

94 


















1 


2 
2 








1 




1 








1 


Ute (total) 1 


198 


9 


16 


59 


9 


9 




106 
79 
161 
157 
177 
88 

218 


97 
44 
33 
13 

8 


4 
30 
118 
124 
124 
55 

135 






5 

1 


73 
73 
141 
136 
122 
78 

197 


43 

8 
6 


26 
59 
126 

126 
95 
28 

144 


2 
4 

8 

9 

23 

48 

33 




1 2 




3 

8 
16 
39 
32 

27 


1 
2 
3 
2 

1 

1 


2 
1 

1 
4 
1 


1 




' 




1 
4 












1 
20 




Colorado 


53 


2 


1 




31 

18 
43 
48 
54 
24 

547 


31 
9 

8 
4 
1 








21 
26 
40 
50 
35 
25 

424 


16 
3 

1 


4 

19 
34 
46 
29 
12 

315 


1 
4 
5 
4 
6 
13 

60 


1 




8 
32 
38 
41 
16 

318 


1 
3 
4 
11 

8 

70 






1 













1 


1 

1 








1 








1 


Utah' 


137 


8 


14 


32 


9 


8 




70 
57 
116 
108 
120 
61 


61 

32 

25 

9 

7 


4 

21 
84 
85 
81 
36 


1 




5 
1 


46 
46 
98 
8.5 
85 
53 


22 
4 
4 


22 
40 
90 

80 
64 
16 


1 




1 




1 2' 

5 
12 
27 
24 


1 
2 
2 
2 

1 


2 
1 

1 
4 
1 






3 

4 

17 

35 












3 








1 













AssrsiBoiN (total) 


397 


105 


277 


14 




1 


414 


54 


307 


50 


2 


1 




54 
51 
70 
78 
119 
2.'i 


53 

29 

16 

2 

4 

1 


1 
20 
54 
74 
106 
22 








49 
49 
72 
66 
124 
54 


37 
13 


12 
35 

71 

m 

106 
20 










2 










1 








1 
2 
16 
31 








2 

8 
2 








1 
1 








i 



1 
3 




65 years and over 







J Totals include persons of unknown age. 



MARITAL CONDITION. 



189 



MARITAL CONDITION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES, 
CLASSIFIED BY AGE PERIODS, BY PRINCIPAL TRIBES AND PRINCIPAL STATES: 1910-Continued. 

[This table shows each tribe having 350 or more Indians in 1910.] 



Table 69— Continued. 


INDUN MALES 15 YEARS OF AOE AND OVER: 1910. 


INDIAN FEMALES 15 1-EAK3 OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


TRIBE, STATE, AND AGE PERIOD. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 



8IOUAN STOCK— Continued, 



Ckow (total)' 


608 


132 


413 


56 6 


1 


626 


85 


432 


105 2 2 




93 
51 
94 
136 
181 
52 

574 


88 
27 
6 
6 
3 
1 

117 


5 
22 
80 
117 
154 
35 

396 








89 
52 
108 
108 
196 
72 

595 


66 

12 

4 

1 


23 

40 
95 
99 
149 
26 

421 










2 
7 
9 
22 
16 

54 














1 
3 
2 




9 

7 

44 

44 

103 








1 


1 
1 






2 






2 
67 




Montana » 


6 


1 


2 


2 




83 

45 
92 
130 
173 
60 

169 


78 
23 
6 
5 
3 
1 

69 


5 
20 
78 
113 
147 
33 

93 








77 
47 
103 
105 
193 
69 

153 


54 
S 
3 

1 


23 
39 
92 
96 
146 
25 

91 










2 
7 
8 
21 
16 

3 














1 
3 
2 




8 

7 

44 

43 

18 








i 


1 

1 
















1 
42 




HiDATSA (total) I 




■ 4 




2 


(In North Dakota largely.) 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 


51 

20 
29 
21 
42 
5 

344 


47 

14 
5 

1 
1 


1 

6 
24 
20 
38 

4 

217 






3 


31 
23 
21 
21 
39 
13 

317 


25 
12 


4 
11 
21 

20 

30 

5 

224 






2 


25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 


i 

1 
21 




i' 


1 
1 


s" 

8 
44 






OMAILi (total) 1 


106 






49 






(In Nebraska largely.) 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 


78 
48 
68 
57 
58 
34 

381 


77 

24 

4 


1 

22 
59 
50 
55 
29 

244 


2 

5 






59 
39 
78 
53 
59 
27 

351 


39 
4 
5 


19 
32 
71 
46 
47 
8 

235 


1 
3 
2 
7 

12 
18 

31 






35 to 44 years 

65 years"and over 


i' 

114 


2 

5 




5 


i' 

81 


4 










(In Oklahoma largely.) 
20 to 24 years 


78 
55 
83 
79 
62 
20 

264 


72 
25 
13 

2 
1 

1 

84 


6 
26 
69 
73 
54 
16 

170 


2" 

1 


2" 




76 
58 
84 
53 
54 
25 

268 


62 
14 

4 


14 
38 
76 
51 
43 
12 

176 


6' 

3 


i' 




35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 


4 
7 
1 

9 


i' 

1 

i' 


i' 


i' 

70 


1 
10 
11 

20 


1 

1 
1 

1 




PONCA (total) . . .' 


1 


15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 vears 


62 
36 
59 
38 
62 
17 

189 


51 

21 

8 


1 

15 
49 
34 
58 
13 

131 


i' 




67 
38 
49 
36 
62 
16 

197 


58 
10 
2 


9 
27 
45 
35 
53 

7 

137 


2' 


i' 




35 to 44 vears 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 

Oklahoma 


3 

1 

48 


1 

3 

4 

9 


1 




42 


8 
9 

17 




1 
1 


15 to 19 vears 

20 to 24 years 


30 
22 
44 
30 
50 
13 

470 


29 
10 

5 


1 
12 

37 

26 

46 

9 

298 


i' 


i 




39 
28 
41 
29 
48 
12 

471 


33 

7 
2 


6 
21 
38 
28 
40 

4 

303 


i' 






35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 

Santee Sioux (total) < 


3 

1 

144 


1 

3 

4 

22 


5 


1 


101 


7 

8 
60 


5 


1 
2 


15 to 19 years 

25 to 34 years 


67 
59 
93 
82 
135 
34 

54 


64 

42 
27 


2 
14 
63 
72 
122 
25 

38 


2" 

1 


i' 

2 


1 


78 
49 
85 
72 
115 
71 

60 


69 
18 
12 


7 
30 
70 
67 
97 
32 

34 


1 
1 
2 
3 
16 
37 

12 


1 




45 to 64 years 


8 
3 

13 


10 

8 

1 


i' 

2 




i 

11 


2 
3 


i 


20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 


6 
8 
11 
12 
13 
4 

218 


5 

5 

1 


1 

3 
9 
11 
12 
2 

133 




i 




12 
6 
10 
12 
13 
7 

227 


9 
2 


3 
4 

9 
11 
6 

1 

145 




i' 




35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 

Nebraska 


1 

1 

69 


i 

13 


i 

2 


1 


52 


8 

6 

28 


1 
1 


1 


1 5 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 


37 
25 
37 
32 
68 
18 


36 
18 
12 


5 

24 


i 


i 

1 


1 


39 
26 
41 
29 
54 
38 


38 

9 
6 


3 

16 
34 
29 

47 
16 


i 

1 






45 to 64 years 


2 

1 


29 
62 
13 


i 

6 
5 






i 


6 

20 


1 


i 



1 Totals include persons of unknown age. 



190 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



MARITAL CONDITION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES, 
CLASSIFIED BY AGE PERIODS. BY PRINCIPAL TRIBES AND PRINCIPAL STATES: 1910.— Continued. 

[This table shows each tribe having 350 or more Indians in 1910.] 



Table 69— Conlinued. 


INDUN MALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


INDLUJ FEMALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


TRIBE, STATE, AND AGE PERIOD. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 



SIOtJAN' STOCK— Continued. 



Santee Sioux— Continued. 


128 


49 


73 


5 


1 




118 


31 


74 


11 


1 


1 










18 
17 
28 
22 
33 
10 

396 


18 
13 
12 
4 










19 
11 
18 
22 
30 
17 

295 


IS 
7 
5 

1 






1 






2 
15 
17 
31 

8 

186 




:::::::::::::::;:;;; 


4 

12 
19 
27 
12 

169 








1 







1 
2 
3 
5 

27 








1 










2 
2 

12 






















Sioux C total) • 


191 


2 


5 


92 


2 


5 








97 
71 
92 

54 
66 
16 

100 


92 
60 
31 

7 

1 


1 

10 
59 
45 
58 
. 13 

54 






4 
1 


66 
40 
67 
38 
61 
22 

86 


59 
23 
9 


2 
16 
55 
35 
52 

8 

51 






5 








1 
1 
3 
8 
14 

12 








1 
1 
7 
3 

4 


1 

1 




2 














1 


















41 


1 




23 
















20 
14 
25 
14 

22 
5 

832 


20 

11 

9 











17 
9 

17 
9 

24 

10 

800 


16 
4 

2 


1 

4 
15 

8 
19 
4 

535 










3 

16 
13 
18 
.4 

529 








1 






















1 




1 
4 
6 

114 








1 


3 
1 

38 




1 
















SissETON Sioux (total) > 


246 


8 


11 


140 


8 


3 




120 
122 
190 
141 
192 
66 

81 


114 

87 

39 

6 


4 

34 
137 
126 
171 

57 

57 






2 


106 
91 
158 
111 
234 
99 

88 


89 

33 

13 

1 

3 

1 

1^ 


IS 
56 
133 
103 

184 
44 

63 






2 




1 

6 

1? 
9 

1 






2 
3 






4 
I 


4 
1 
3 


7 

7 

44 

54 

9 










3 










Montana 


23 












12 
10 
17 
13 
24 
5 

206 


12 

8 
3 










11 
10 

14 

17 

28 

8 

200 


11 

4 

1 












2 
14 
13 
23 

5 

152 








6 
13 
15 
26 

3 

147 






























2 
2 
5 

2i 










1 




















V 


1 


North Dakota 


50 


4 






27 


2 


1 




22 
33 
41 
37 
55 
18 

512 


20 
22 
8 


2 
11 
32 
36 
53 
18 

305 








21 
22 
37 
26 
73 
21 

489 


18 
5 
3 


2 
17 
31 
25 
62 
10 

310 






1 


















1 

1 
2 






2 

1 
9 
U 

79 


1 




















1 


1 














South Dakota • 


159 


30 


7 


11 


93 


5 


2 








80 

72 
126 

87 
105 

41 

4,551 


76 
52 
26 
5 


2 
19 

87 
75 
88 
34 

2,884 






2 


71 
56 
99 
65 
128 
67 

4,673 


57 
23 
9 
1 
2 
1 

935 


13 
32 
83 
60 
93 
29 

3,073 






1 




1 

5 
4 

13 

7 

249 






1 
2 






4 

2 

1 


4 

1 
3 


5 

4 

31 

37 

591 










2 










Teton Sioux (total)' 


1,341 


45 


32 


52 


22 




685 
549 
928 
781 
1,224 
376 

4,385 


666 

421 

200 

28 

21 

5 

1,283 


6 
116 

672 

710 

1,096 

282 

2,783 






13 
9 
3 


641 

478 

9:i5 

744 

1,293 

568 

4,491 


586 

229 

79 

13 

20 

6 

892 


46 
238 
801 
6S7 
1,071 
225 

2,960 






9 




2 
34 
33 
94 

85 

243 


i 

19 
12 
12 

1 

44 


3 
34 
32 

185 
336 

568 


6 
19 
12 
14 

1 

49 


2 


25 to 34 years 


2 






45 to 64 years 


1 
3 

32 


3 






South Dakota' 


22 








651 
529 
897 
751 
1,188 
361 

268 


632 

405 

193 

25 

21 

5 

66 


6 
112 
649 
682 
1,062 
270 

183 






13 

9 
3 


605 
467 
901 
714 
1,248 
545 

260 


551 

224 

76 

13 

20 



39 


45 
232 

772 

058 

1,035 

216 

178 






9 


20 to 24 years -■ . 


2 

34 
32 
92 
82 

13 


1 
18 
12 
12 

1 

3 


3 

33 
32 

177 
322 

31 


6 
18 
11 

13 

1 

.10 


2 


25 to 34 years 


2 






45 to 64 years 


1 
3 

3 


3 






BTule Sioui (total) 


2 




35 
30 
65 
52 
76 
20 


34 

20 
8 
2 
1 

1 


1 
9 
43 
46 
69 
15 








29 
21 
54 
47 
77 
32 


25 
9 




3 

11 
40 
44 
65 
15 






1 








1 




1 

7 
1 

1 






3 
3 
5 
2 


1 

1 
1 


1 
2 
11 
J7 


1 
















65 years and over 


2 







I Totals include persons of unknown »ge. 



MARITAL CONDITION. 



191 



MARITAL CONDITION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES, 
CLASSIFIED BY AGE PERIODS, BY PRINCIPAL TRIBES AND PRINCIPAL STATES: 1910— Continued. 

[This table shows each tribe having 350 or more Indians in 1910.) 



Table 69— Continued. 


INDLIN MALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


INDIAN FEMALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


TRIBE, ST.KTE, .IND .\GE PERIOD. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 



8IOTJAN STOCK— Continued. 



RunTcpapa Sioux {total) 


354 


102 


236 


16 




364 


65 


245 


49 


3 


2 


Teton Siotjx— Continued. 


40 
46 

68 
67 
106 
27 

312 


39 

38 

22 

1 

2 


1 
8 
45 
65 
97 
20 

206 








49 
29 
69 
68 
118 
31 

301 


42 
12 
8 


6 
14 
58 
65 
91 
11 

202 






1 










2 
2 
2 
23 
20 

39 


1 
1 
1 






1 
7 
7 

14 






















3 


1 












South Dakota 


92 






56 


2 


2 




33 
45 
58 
57 
97 
22 

130 


32 

37 
20 

1 
2 


1 

8 
37 
55 
89 
16 

76 








40 
27 
58 
56 
97 
23 

154 


34 
12 
7 


5 
12 
49 

54 
73 
9 

93 






1 










2 

1 

2 

20 

14 

29 


. 1 

1 






1 
1 
6 
6 

15 






















3 




1 












Minniconjou Sioux (total) i . . - . 


38 


1 




31 


1 




(In South Dakota largely.) 


20 
7 
27 
17 
40 
19 

1,866 


20 
6 
11 










14 
14 
27 
16 
56 
26 

1,930 


14 

11 

5 












1 
15 
16 
34 
10 

1,187 








3 
20 
16 
44 

9 

1,294 












1 




1 


1 






1 
6 

8 

89 
















12 
16 

227 








1 
575 






1 
394 






Oglala Sioux(total) i 


.5 


10 


12 


3 




286 
232 
414 
309 
482 
140 

173 


284 

184 

80 

12 

11 

2 

53 








2 
3 
3 


275 
206 
407 
312 
511 
215 

161 


253 

93 

29 

7 

9 

1 

26 


22 
110 
360 
284 
427 

90 

116 










44 
318 
279 
435 
110 

109 


i" 

12 
15 
34 

27 

9 






2 
2 
7 
1 


1 




1 
3 
1 


15 
14 
73 
124 

16 


1 








1 

1 


i 






Sihasapa (total) 


2 


3 







22 
27 
28 
33 
46 
17 

134 


22 

21 

8 

1 

1 










18 
15 
41 
17 
54 
16 

115 


17 
7 
2 


1 

8 
37 
16 
46 

8 

85 










6 
20 
32 
39 
12 

82 






















1 
1 

6 

8 

14 


1 
















4 

5 

9 


2 






2 












South Dakota 


41 


2 




15 


1 






18 
21 
19 
24 
37 
15 

602 


18 
17 
5 










9 
11 
28 
11 
42 
14 

5S8 


8 
6 
1 


1 
5 
26 
10 
36 
7 

373 










4 
14 
24 
30 
10 

364 






















1 

1 
5 
7 

76 




















1 


4 
5 

36 


2 






1 














186 


9 


7 


127 


9 


3 




ini 

89 
127 

92 
129 

49 

353 

54 
49 
85 
62 
74 
29 

216 


98 

45 

23 

7 

3 

3 

96 


2 
40 
94 
72 
114 
38 

230 




1 

3 

2 
3 


99 

84 
124 

85 
119 

69 

328 


79 
27 
15 
3 
1 
1 

49 


18 
56 
105 
75 
96 
18 

231 




1 


1 






i 

1 
1 


1 
1 
5 
21 
48 

47 






7 
9 

12 
8 

25 


3 
2 
1 
2 




















Nebraska > 


1 


1 


1 




53 

22 

12 

5 

3 

1 

72 


1 

26 
66 
60 
65 
22 

123 








40 
49 
86 
45 
66 
41 

235 


29 
11 

8 
1 


11 
37 

77 
41 
54 
11 

132 












1 




1 
1 
3 
12 
30 

28 








7 
6 
6 
6 

9 












1 




























7 


5 


65 


9 


1 








37 
32 
33 
27 
53 
19 


35 
17 
9 
2 


1 

13 
22 
20 
47 
16 




1 
2 
1 
3 




52 
28 
33 
36 
52 
27 


44 
11 
6 

1 

1 

1 1 


7 
17 
24 
31 
41 

7 




1 


















1 




3 
2 

1 
2 






2 


1 


2 
9 

17 










65 years and over 


2 









1 Totals include persons of unknown age. 



192 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



MARITAL CONDITION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES, 
CLASSIFIED BY AGE PERIODS, BY PRINCIPAL TRIBES AND PRINCIPAL STATES: 1910— Continued. 

[This table shows each tribe having 350 or more Indians in 1910.] 



Table 69— Continued. 


INDIAN MALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


INDIAN FEMALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


TRIBE, STATE, AND AGE PERIOD. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


1 Marital 

Divorced.! -"jt""" 
reported. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Zfa. Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 



SIOUAN STOCK— Continued. 



Yankton Sioux (total) i. 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 vears 

25 to 34 .vears 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 

Montana ' 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 

South Dakota i 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

26 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 

Yankionai Sioux (total) 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 

North Dakota i 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years , 

25 to 34 years , 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 

South Dakota 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 vears 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 



660 



127 
105 
165 



21 
25 
17 
16 
22 
11 

482 



64 
55 
97 
70 
130 
63 

421 



44 
50 
73 
74 
137 
42 



19 
22 
29 
30 
67 
13 

23S 



162 



458 



35 



101 
9S 
155 



12 
14 
15 
20 
10 

344 



1 
19 
81 
66 
122 
53 

292 



16 
50 
66 
126 
34 



5 
21 
28 
63 
11 

163 



19 



12 



105 
91 
114 

124 
184 



147 

24 
18 
25 
30 
34 
15 



73 
67 
83 
82 
129 
69 



51 

38 
88 
71 
156 
64 



133 



23 
57 
98 
117 
161 
52 



6 
15 

21 

28 

28 

6 

363 



15 
39 
71 
78 
113 
45 

312 



7 
17 
72 
67 
123 
25 

124 



29 



TANOAN STOCK. 



35 



40 



ISLETA ( total) 


352 


104 


213 


29 


6 


305 


31 


211 


58 


5 




(In New Mexico largely.) 


40 
43 
96 
57 
95 
21 

189 


39 

31 

29 

1 

4 


1 
12 
65 
51 
73 
11 

105 






35 

27 
70 
73 
75 
25 

139 


25 
5 


9 

22 
62 
63 
49 
6 

100 


1 


















1 

4 
15 
9 

23 


1 
1 
3 

I 




6 

9 

23 

19 

11 


2 
1 
2 
















1 










JEMEZ (total) 


55 


6 


26 




2 




16 

27 
67 
29 
35 
15 

138 


15 

21 
16 
2 








1 
2 


24 
26 
38 
13 
31 
7 

113 


21 
3 


2 
22 
38 
13 
21 

4 

79 






1 




4 

45 
23 

26 

7 

76 






1 






6 
3 

8 
6 

17 










1 

1 
1 

1 












2 


3 
11 




1 




1 
44 






San Juan (total) i 




22 


1 


(In New Mexico largely.) 


23 
12 
25 
36 
31 
10 

169 


23 
9 

10 
1 
1 










20 
16 
23 
27 
21 
6 

139 


14 

2 
2 
2 
1 

1 

30 


5 
14 
20 
24 
14 

2 

101 


1 


1 




3 

15 

29 

25 

4 

106 























1 
1 
6 
3 

8 








6 
5 

19 





























Taos (total) i 


44 








(All in New Mexico.) 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 


25 
20 
23 
38 
47 
16 


25 
12 

1 


a 

21 


i' 


'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. 




27 
23 
26 
28 
27 
7 


23 
3 
3 


4 
20 
23 
26 
25 

3 




, 



1 


35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 


4 

2 


30 

40 

7 


4 
5 
9 








2 
4 







' Totals include persons of unknown age. 



RIARITAL CONDITION. 



193 



MA.RITAL CONDITION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES, 
CLASSIFIED BY AGE PERIODS, BY PRINCIPAL TRIBES AND PRINCIPAL STATES: 1910— Continued. 

(This table shows each tril)6 having 350 or more Indians in 1910.] 



Table 69— Continued. 


IXDLVN MALES 15 l-EARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


INDIAN FEMALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


TRIBE, ST.\TE, AND AGE PERIOD. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 



"WAKA8HAN STOCK. 



M.\K.vn (total) i 

(In Washington largely.) 

15 to 19 years 

20 to 24 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 64 years 

65 years and over 



122 

IS 
10 
11 
26 
37 
18 



102 

15 

12 
13 
14 
23 
24 



WA8HOAN STOCK. 



WINTTJN STOCK. 



Washo (total) > 


295 


77 


187 


22 


3 


6 


292 


43 


208 


30 


8 


3 




37 
37 
58 
61 
68 
29 

99 


37 
21 

8 
2 

8 

1 

23 










42 
35 
62 
64 
54 
31 

103 


31 
5 
4 
1 


9 
25 
53 

67 
44 
IS 

68 


1 
1 




1 




14 

44 
57 
62 
19 

61 


1 
3 
2 
8 
8 

10 




1 


2 
5 
1 


2 




3 








5 
10 
13 

17 
















1 
2 








California 


3 


10 


6 


1 




12 
16 
19 
19 
22 
11 

191 


12 
7 
2 










17 
9 
23 
19 
19 
16 

185 


9 


6 
6 
20 
15 
14 
7 

140 


1 




1 




7 
13 

17 

17 

7 

126 


i 

1 

2 
3 
3 

12 




1 


2 
3 

1 


2 




3 












1 


2 
6 
9 

13 






2 












1 

4 








Nevada i 


49 




29 


2 


1 




22 
20 
38 
42 
46 
18 


22 
13 
5 
2 
6 
1 










22 
25 
39 
45 
35 
15 


19 
4 
4 


3 
19 
33 

42 
30 
11 










7 
31 
40 
35 
12 








1 




1 




2 






2 










3 
5 

4 






5 
5 





































WiNTUN (total) 1 


142 


54 


61 


25 


2 




120 

18 
11 
28 
IS 
32 
12 


25 


82 


12 


1 




(In California largely.) 


26 
13 
26 
21 

35 
21 


24 
9 

10 
5 

6 


2 
3 
15 
13 
19 
9 








17 
2 
5 

1 


1 

8 

21 

14 

30 

7 












1 




i 

2 
2 
2 
5 








i 

3 

9 
12 














1 






1 































YTJMAN STOCK. 



DiEGDENO (total) I 


267 

52 
33 
57 
33 
62 
29 

127 


98 


131 


26 


2 


10 


209 


42 


127 


30 


1 


9 


(All in California.) 


45 
22 
IS 
5 
6 
2 

33 








7 

1 


45 
19 
3S 

33 
43 
29 

118 


27 
8 
5 
1 
1 


10 
11 
29 
28 
37 
10 

82 






8 




8 
37 
20 
49 

17 

75 


1 

1 
6 
7 
10 

18 


1 
1 










3 
4 
5 

18 

15 


1 






2 




















1 


Maricopa (total) > 




1 


21 






(In Arizona largely.) 


23 
18 
15 
22 
33 
16 


22 
5 
2 
1 
1 
2 








1 


25 
11 
20 
22 
27 
12 


IS 
1 
2 


7 
10 
18 
21 
21 

4 










13 
12 
19 
23 
8 














1 
2 
9 
6 


















1 

6 
8 













































67090°— 15- 



-13 



1 Totals include persons of unknown age. 



194 



INDIANS IN THE UNITED STATES. 



MAEITAL CONDITION OF THE INDIAN POPULATION 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER IN THE UNITED STATES, 
CLASSIFIED BY AGE PERIODS, BY PRINCIPAL TRIBES AND PRINCIPAL STATES: 1910— Continued. 

[This table shows each tribe having 350 or more Indians in 1910.] 



Table 69— Continued. 


INDIAN MALES 15 YEAES OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


INDIIN FEMALES 15 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER: 1910. 


TRIBE, STATE, AND AGE PEEIOD. 


Total. 


Single. 


Harried. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 


Total. 


Single. 


Married. 


Wid- 
owed. 


Divorced. 


Marital 
condition 

not 
reported. 



YUMAN STOCK— Continued. 



Mohave (total) i 


397 


97 


223 


40 


2 


35 


310 


29 


212 


64 


1 


4 




54 
39 
70 
56 
103 
40 

246 


50 
17 
14 
6 
10 


2 

19 
51 
45 
79 
21 

138 






2 
3 


29 
29 
54 
69 
83 
39 

188 


14 
4 
5 
3 
3 


12 
25 
42 
61 
61 
14 

130 


1 




2 














4 
4 
13 
19 

24 


1 


5 
4 
29 
26 

41 


1 


1 




1 


1 




1 














Arizona ^ 


47 


2 


35 


13 




4 




32 

28 
38 
23 
66 
24 

150 


28 
9 
5 
2 
3 


2 
16 
28 
17 
55 
14 

85 






2 
3 


24 
18 
26 
38 
66 
19 

121 


11 
2 


10 
16 
21 
33 
36 
7 

82 


1 




2 














4 

3 

7 

10 

16 


1 


4 

4 

20 

12 

22 




1 




1 






1 




1 


















California 


49 






16 


1 






22 
10 
32 
33 
37 
16 

165 


22 
7 
9 
4 

7 










5 
11 
28 
31 
27 
19 

123 


3 
2 
5 
3 
3 


2 
9 
21 

28 
15 

7 

103 










3 
23 

28 
24 

7 

101 























1 


1 






1 
6 
9 

13 














9 
12 

14 
















Walapai (total) 1 


49 


1 


1 


6 






(In Arizona largely.) 


33 
12 
28 
20 
38 
33 

324 


32 

7 
7 
2 

1 


1 
5 
21 
15 
33 
26 

186 








g 
10 
27 
27 
32 
19 

284 


3 
2 


5 
8 
26 
27 
27 
10 

166 






























1 








3 

4 
6 

29 




















5 

8 

32 








1 

10 




1 
75 






Yuma (total)! 


99 




10 


1 




45 
69 
64 
33 
SO 
42 

249 


42 
41 

8 
1 
5 
2 

73 


3 

17 
50 
27 
64 
24 

145 








46 
47 
51 
32 
70 
3S 

217 


40 

21 

9 

2 


5 
21 
39 
27 
60 
14 

125 


1 










1 
5 
2 
1 

1 

10 




5 
1 
2 
1 

1 

8 






1 
3 
10 
15 

21 




1 

1 

9 

20 

25 


1 


















3 
59 




California 








37 
43 
46 
26 
66 
31 


35 
28 
4 
1 
3 
2 


2 
14 
36 
21 
53 
19 








34 
35 
34 
25 
57 
32 


33 
15 
6 
2 


1 

15 
26 
20 
51 
12 












1 

5 
2 

1 
1 






5 
1 
2 






1 
2 
9 
9 




1 

1 
6 
17 




















3 















YtJROK STOCK. 



ZUNIAN STOCK. 



Weitspec (total) ' 


213 


68 


115 


30 






224 


35 


137 


51 


1 




(.Ml in California.) 


36 
20 
39 
30 
59 
2S 


35 
15 
12 
2 

2 
2 


1 
5 
26 
25 
46 
11 








30 
21 
40 
52 
51 
29 


23 
7 
3 

1 


5 
12 

29 
41 

39 
10 


2 
2 

8 
9 
12 

18 




















1 
3 
11 
15 
















1 


















1 

















ZuNi(total)i 


563 


144 


345 


57 


17 




504 


61 


349 


63 


31 




(In New Mexico largely.) 


61 
69 
113 
93 

181 
41 


58 
43 
22 
13 
6 
2 


2 
24 

82 
69 
142 
22 




1 
2 

•1 
5 




84 
54 
86 
88 
163 
25 


48 
5 

7 


27 
42 
69 
83 
119 
6 




9 

6 

8 
4 
4 










1 

2 

1 

39 

19 






5 
6 
28 
17 
















1 























1 Totals include persons of unknown age. 



SCHOOL ATTENDANCE. 



One of the most interesting social phenomena in 
American liistoiy is found in the development of the 
system of Indian schools upon the part of the Govern- 
ment, and in the development of an appreciation 
of schooUng upon the part of the Indian. To secure 
a common language has been the first great object 
of the Indian school. Both races have profited 
through the mutual understanding which a common 
language and culture bring about. In their firgt 
report in 1869 the Board of Indian Commissioners dis- 
cussed at some length the barriers in the way of 
sympathetic relations between the red and white races, 
and found them in differences of race, custom, and 
language. They went on to say that: 

By educating the children of these tribes in the English language 
these differences would have disappeared and civilization would 
have followed at once. Nothing then would have been left but the 
antipathy of race, and that, too, is always softened in the beams of a 
higher civilization. * * * In the difference of language to-day 
lies two-thirds of our troubles. 

Appropriations f 07' Indian schools. — While the total 
Indian appropriations have increased only shghtly 
more than threefold since 1877, the appropriations for 
Indian schools by the National Government have 
increased one hundred and eighty-seven fold in the 
same length of time, as shown by Table 70 prepared 
from the reports of the Indian Office, giving the 
annual expenditures on account of Indian Affairs, 
exclusive of trust funds, from 1877 to 1910, inclusive. 

It is practically true that an increasing proportion 
of national expenditures for Indians goes each year 
into Indian education. The apparent fall in the per- 
centage durmg the last few years is caused by the 



consistent funtling of our treaty 



obUgations, 



only 



the interest on which has generally been provided 
in the past. With the fundmg nearly complete the 
real progressive substitution of welfare for administra- 
tive purposes will again become apparent. 



Table 70 


TOTAL 
APPROPEIATIONS. 


SCQOOL 
APPK0PEIATI0N3. 




Amount. 


Per cent 
of total. 


1910 


$13,992,127.23 
10,409,830.43 
10,664,412.45 
10,036,001.60 
8,686,826.73 
9,194,021.00 
7,744,108.35 
8,116,803.19 
7,117,452.14 
8,499,437.89 
7,686,773.98 
8,079,332.16 
6,951,732.77 
7,180,090.55 
8,012,697.32 
7,248,196.00 
7,573,744.03 
11,467,026.15 
9,098,709.02 
7,252,471.05 
5,817,789.86 
6,065,338.73 
5,278,337.08 
5,279,359.20 
5,215,800.88 
5,784,270.29 
5,447,260.54 
5,966,454.77 
5,699,991.27 
5,674,104.27 
4,922,532.98 
4,515,555.08 
4,291,994.15 
4,326,010.67 


$3,757,909 

4,008,835 

4,105,715 

3,925,830 

3,777,100 

3,880,740 

3,522,950 

3,531,250 

3,244,250 

3,080,367 

2,936,080 

2,638,390 

2,631,771 

2,517,265 

2,056,515 

2,060,695 

2,243,497 

2,315,612 

2,291,650 

1,842,770 

1,364,568 

1,348,015 

1,179,916 

1,211,415 

1,100,065 

992,800 

675,200 

487, 200 

135,000 

75,000 

75,000 

60,000 

30,000 

20,000 


26.9 


1909 


38.5 


igOS 


38.5 


1907 . 


39.1 


1906 


43.5 


1905 


42.2 


1904 


45.5 


1903 


43.5 


1902 


45.6 


1901 


36.2 


1900 


38.2 


1899 


32.7 


1S98 


37.9 


1897 


35.1 


1S96 


25.7 


1895 


28.4 


1894 


29.6 


1893. 


20.2 


189*?